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Sample records for force civil engineer

  1. Air Force Institute of Technology, Civil Engineering School: Environmental Protection Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Air Force Inst. of Tech., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH. School of Engineering.

    This document contains information assembled by the Civil Engineering School to meet the initial requirements of NEPA 1969 and Executive Orders which required the Air Force to implement an effective environmental protection program. This course presents the various aspects of Air Force environmental protection problems which military personnel…

  2. 1. EXTERIOR OF BUILDING 402, CIVIL ENGINEERING STORAGE, LOOKING SOUTH. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. EXTERIOR OF BUILDING 402, CIVIL ENGINEERING STORAGE, LOOKING SOUTH. - Mill Valley Air Force Station, Civil Engineering Storage, East Ridgecrest Boulevard, Mount Tamalpais, Mill Valley, Marin County, CA

  3. 1. EXTERIOR OF CIVIL ENGINEERING MAINTENANCE SHOP, BUILDING 103, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. EXTERIOR OF CIVIL ENGINEERING MAINTENANCE SHOP, BUILDING 103, LOOKING NORTH. - Mill Valley Air Force Station, Civil Engineering Maintenance Shop, East Ridgecrest Boulevard, Mount Tamalpais, Mill Valley, Marin County, CA

  4. 3. INTERIOR VIEW OF MAINTENANCE ROOM OF THE CIVIL ENGINEERING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. INTERIOR VIEW OF MAINTENANCE ROOM OF THE CIVIL ENGINEERING SHOP, BUILDING 103, LOOKING WEST. - Mill Valley Air Force Station, Civil Engineering Maintenance Shop, East Ridgecrest Boulevard, Mount Tamalpais, Mill Valley, Marin County, CA

  5. Environmental Ethics and Civil Engineering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vesilind, P. Aarne

    1987-01-01

    Traces the development of the civil engineering code of ethics. Points out that the code does have an enforceable provision that addresses the engineer's responsibility toward the environment. Suggests revisions to the code to accommodate the environmental impacts of civil engineering. (TW)

  6. Civil Engineering Technology Needs Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakland Community Coll., Farmington, MI. Office of Institutional Planning and Analysis.

    In 1991, a study was conducted by Oakland Community College (OCC) to evaluate the need for a proposed Civil Engineering Technology program. An initial examination of the literature focused on industry needs and the job market for civil engineering technicians. In order to gather information on local area employers' hiring practices and needs, a…

  7. Teaching Mathematics to Civil Engineers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharp, J. J.; Moore, E.

    1977-01-01

    This paper outlines a technique for teaching a rigorous course in calculus and differential equations which stresses applicability of the mathematics to problems in civil engineering. The method involves integration of subject matter and team teaching. (SD)

  8. Job Prospects for Civil Engineers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basta, Nicholas

    1988-01-01

    Discusses civil engineering employment opportunities; indicates that the field is shrinking. Presents national placement and enrollment statistics. Identifies building and construction materials, and public works as areas of current and expanding opportunities. (CW)

  9. Civil Engineering Technology Program Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This publication contains statewide standards for the civil engineering program in Georgia. The standards are divided into 12 categories: foundations (philosophy, purpose, goals, program objectives, availability, evaluation); admissions (admission requirements, provisional admission requirements, recruitment, evaluation and planning); program…

  10. Space civil engineering - A new discipline

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sadeh, Willy Z.; Criswell, Marvin E.

    1991-01-01

    Space Civil Engineering is an emerging engineering discipline that focuses on extending and expanding the Civil Engineering know-how and practice to the development and maintenance of infrastructure on celestial bodies. Space Civil Engineering is presently being developed as a new discipline within the Department of Civil Engineering at Colorado State University under a recently established NASA Space Grant College Program. Academic programs geared toward creating Space Civil Engineering Options at both undergraduate and graduate levels are being formulated. Basic ideas and concepts of the curriculum in the Space Civil Engineering Option at both undergraduate and graduate levels are presented. The role of Space Civil Engineering in the Space Program is discussed.

  11. Communication Needs of Thai Civil Engineering Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaewpet, Chamnong

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on an examination of the communication needs of a group of Thai civil engineering students. Twenty-five stakeholders helped identify the communication needs of the students by participating in individual interviews. These included employers, civil engineers, civil engineering lecturers, ex-civil engineering students of the…

  12. Job Prospects for Civil Engineers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basta, Nicholas

    1985-01-01

    Government programs and renewed industrial activity have combined with stable enrollments to create bright job prospects for civil engineers. Areas with good opportunities include highway reconstruction and rehabilitation, water-resource management, and new factory construction. The subspecialty of structural engineering has a growing need in…

  13. Space Civil Engineering option - A progress report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Criswell, Marvin E.; Sadeh, Willy Z.

    1992-01-01

    Space Civil Engineering is an emerging engineering discipline that focuses on extending and expanding Civil Engineering to the development, operation, and maintenance of infrastructures on celestial bodies. Space Civil Engineering is presently being developed as a new discipline within the Department of Civil Engineering at Colorado State University and with support of the NASA Space Grant College Program. Academic programs geared toward creating Space Civil Engineering Options at both undergraduate and graduate levels are being formulated. Basic ideas and concepts and the current status of the curriculum in the Space Civil Engineering Option primarily at the undergraduate level are presented.

  14. Monitoring of civil engineering structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tyrsa, Valentin E.; Burtseva, Larisa P.; Rivas Lopez, Moises; Tyrsa, Vera V.

    2004-07-01

    Civil engineering structures require geometrical monitoring to assure their integrity during their life time. The monitoring by geodetic devices or according to GPS technology is not always appropriate, sometimes it is unrealizable. Means for monitoring based on automatic geodetic measurements applying optical scanners are proposed. The sensor for integrity and deformation control of the structure elements and components was designed.

  15. Civil Engineering Technology Program Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This program guide presents civil engineering technology curriculum for technical institutes in Georgia. The general information section contains the following: purpose and objectives; program description, including admissions, typical job titles, and accreditation and certification; and curriculum model, including standard curriculum sequence and…

  16. 4. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING (1960 CIVIL ENGINEERING DRAWING THE THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING (1960 CIVIL ENGINEERING DRAWING THE THE RALPH M. PARSONS COMPANY) PLOT AND UTILITY PLAN FOR THE SAMOS TECHNICAL SUPPORT BUILDING (BLDG. 761; NOW CALLED SLC-3 AIR FORCE BUILDING), SHEET C47 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, SLC-3 Air Force Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  17. Civil Engineering: Improving the Quality of Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    One Feather, Sandra

    2002-01-01

    American Indian civil engineers describe the educational paths that led them to their engineering careers, applications of civil engineering in reservation communities, necessary job skills, opportunities afforded by internship programs, continuing education, and the importance of early preparation in math and science. Addresses of 12 resource Web…

  18. Educating Civil Engineers for Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley, D.

    1974-01-01

    Based on engineering teaching experience in Africa and Asia, ideas are presented on educating civil engineers for developing countries, especially those in Africa. Some of the problems facing educational planners, teachers, and students are addressed, including responsibilities of a newly graduated civil engineer, curriculum development, and…

  19. 17. Photocopy of drawing (1961 civil engineering drawing by Kaiser ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Photocopy of drawing (1961 civil engineering drawing by Kaiser Engineers) SITE PLAN, PLOT PLAN, AND LOCATION MAP FOR VEHICLE SUPPORT BUILDING, SHEET C-1 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Vehicle Support Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  20. 3. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING (1976 CIVIL ENGINEERING DRAWING BY THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING (1976 CIVIL ENGINEERING DRAWING BY THE SPACE AND MISSILE TEST CENTER, VAFB, USAF) PARTIAL SITE PLAN, EQUIPMENT STORAGE BUILDING, PARKING AREA OVERLAY, AND NEW ROAD, SHEET C4 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Storage Shed, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  1. 113. Photocopy of drawing (1964 civil engineering drawing by Koebig ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    113. Photocopy of drawing (1964 civil engineering drawing by Koebig & Koebig Inc.) ADDITION TO LAUNCH OPERATIONS BUILDING, POINT ARGUELLO LAUNCH COMPLEX ONE, GRADING AND UTILITY PLAN, SHEET C3 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Operations Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  2. 3. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING (1975 CIVIL ENGINEERING DRAWING BY THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING (1975 CIVIL ENGINEERING DRAWING BY THE STRATEGIC AIR COMMAND, USAF) PROFILE AND PLAN OF ACCESS DRIVE FOR BUILDING 768, SHEET 1 OF 8 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Entry Control Point, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  3. 275. Photocopy of drawing (1977 civil engineering drawing by the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    275. Photocopy of drawing (1977 civil engineering drawing by the Strategic Air Command, VAFB, USAF) SITE PLAN, LOCATION MAP, AND CONTOUR MAP, ALSO TABLE OF CONTENTS AND GENERAL NOTES, SHEET 1 OF 10 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 East, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  4. 120. Photocopy of drawing (1958 civil engineering drawing by the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    120. Photocopy of drawing (1958 civil engineering drawing by the Ralph M. Parsons Company) STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF WAVE GUIDE ENCLOSURE AND CABLE TRAY INSTALLATION FOR LAUNCH OPERATIONS BUILDING, SHEET C42 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Operations Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  5. 168. Photocopy of drawing (1979 civil engineering drawing by the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    168. Photocopy of drawing (1979 civil engineering drawing by the Space and Missile Test Center, USAF) NITROGEN AND HELIUM PUMPING SYSTEM INSTALLATION SITE PLAN, SHEET 511-C-1 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 West, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  6. 231. Photocopy of drawing (1958 civil engineering drawing by the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    231. Photocopy of drawing (1958 civil engineering drawing by the Ralph M. Parsons Company) PAVING DETAILS FOR THE LSB, SHEET C23 OF 40 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 East, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  7. 119. Photocopy of drawing (1959 civil engineering drawing by the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    119. Photocopy of drawing (1959 civil engineering drawing by the Ralph M. Parsons Company) PLOT PLAN AND PROFILE LINES OF WAVE GUIDE ENCLOSURE AND CABLE TRAY INSTALLATION FOR LAUNCH OPERATIONS BUILDING, SHEET C41 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Operations Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  8. 244. Photocopy of drawing (1958 civil engineering drawing by the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    244. Photocopy of drawing (1958 civil engineering drawing by the Ralph M. Parsons Company) PLOT AND UTILITY PLAN FOR THE LSB, SHEET C5 OF 40 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 East, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  9. 118. Photocopy of drawing (1958 civil engineering drawing by the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    118. Photocopy of drawing (1958 civil engineering drawing by the Ralph M. Parsons Company) PLOT AND UTILITY PLAN FOR LAUNCH OPERATIONS BUILDING, SHEET C7 OF 40 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Operations Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  10. 157. Photocopy of drawing (1966 civil engineering drawing by AETRON) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    157. Photocopy of drawing (1966 civil engineering drawing by AETRON) PLOT AND LOCATION PLAN, SECTIONS, AND DETAILS FOR THE UNDERGROUND CHECKOUT FACILITY ON THE WEST PAD, SHEET C-1 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 West, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  11. Opportunities in Civil Engineering. [VGM Career Horizons Series].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagerty, D. Joseph; Heer, John E., Jr.

    This book presents information on career opportunities in civil engineering. Chapter 1 focuses on the scope of civil engineering, discussing: role of scientist, engineer, and technologists; engineering and engineering technology; civil engineer's role and obligations; and other information. Chapter 2 considers such aspects of the education for…

  12. Civil Engineering in Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Martin; Strong, Alan

    2010-01-01

    For many children of primary school age, an engineer is the man who comes to service the central heating system or who fixes the family car when it breaks down. Most have never met a "real" professional engineer, and have no idea of what is involved in the exciting world of engineering. Most assume that engineers are men. To try to remove these…

  13. Retraining the Modern Civil Engineer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Priscoli, Jerome Delli

    1983-01-01

    Discusses why modern engineering requires social science and the nature of planning. After these conceptional discussions, 12 practical tools which social science brings to engineering are reviewed. A tested approach to training engineers in these tools is then described. Tools include institutional analysis, policy profiling, and other impact…

  14. CIVIL ENGINEERS' ROLES IN PUBLIC WORKS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murata, Teruaki

    Recently, the public interests are becoming high in the way of executing public works and the future direction of infrastructure development, which raises nation-wide discussion on these issues. How should we make our country's growth strategy for sustainable development? How should we realize the grand design of infrastructure needed for the implementation of such a strategy? It is obvious that further discussions are needed for these challenging questions. With an aim to promote such discussions, this paper reviews the history of public works and the professional practices (or accomplishments) of our great civil engineers, and discusses the future of public works and the roles of civil engineers based on their origin. Further, in this paper, the author, as the chairman of the Public Works Committee of Japan Civil Engineering Contractors Association, introduces the Association's proposal of "realization of an attractive construction industry." However, for its realization, sustainable institutional arrangements under social consensus are indispensable. Also, individual engineer must establish his/her own identity based on sense of social ethics. It is the author's hope that, through these journals, the professional practices of civil engineers will be widely known to the public with objective logics and discussed to achieve social consensus.

  15. Teaching Structural Design in Civil Engineering Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metwally, Ashraf

    This paper is a description of a college course in structural design, which in this case serves as the capstone of the program in Civil Engineering Technology at the College of Staten Island (New York). Fourteen weeks of class lecture topics, activities, and assignments are delineated. Coverage includes building codes, loads calculation,…

  16. The Language of Civil Engineering: Descriptive, Prescriptive, and Persuasive.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machauf, Liora

    1990-01-01

    Focuses on the language of civil engineering as manifested in the professional journal "Civil Engineering ASCE." Articles are analyzed, both syntactically and lexically, in terms of three major rhetorical functions: description, prescription, and persuasion. (17 references) (GLR)

  17. Photographic copy of floor plan, undated, Civil Engineers Office, in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photographic copy of floor plan, undated, Civil Engineers Office, in possession of Selfridge Base Civil Engineers Office, Mt. Clemens, Michigan - Selfridge Field, Building No. 833, West of Mulberry Street north of George Avenue, Mount Clemens, Macomb County, MI

  18. United States Air Force 611th Air Support Group/Civil Engineering Squadron Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Remedial investigation and feasibility study. Bullen Point Radar Installation, Alaska. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Karmi, S.

    1996-03-18

    The United States Air Force (Air Force) has prepared this Remedial investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) report as part of the Installation Restoration Program (IRP) to present results of RI/FS activities at five sites at the Bullen Point radar installation. The IRP provides for investigating, quantifying, and remediating environmental contamination from past waste management activities at Air Force installations throughout the United States.

  19. Recruitment of Civil Engineering Students in Germany: Shortage or Overflow?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothert, Heinrich

    1990-01-01

    Discussed is the recruitment and demand for civil engineering students in Germany. Described is the German engineering education system and the possibility of a joint-venture building industry between the two German states. (KR)

  20. United States Air Force 611th Air Support Group Civil Engineering Squadron, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Remedial investigation and feasibility study Point Lay Radar Installation, Alaska. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Karmi, S.

    1996-03-04

    The United States Air Force (Air Force) has prepared this Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) report to present the results of RI/FS activities at four sites located at the Point Lay radar installation. The remedial investigation (RI) field activities were conducted at the Point Lay radar installation during the summer of 1993. The four sites at Point Lay were investigated because they were suspected of being contaminated with hazardous substances. RI activities were conducted using methods and procedures specified in the RI/FS Work Plan, Sampling and Analysis Plan (SAP), and Health and Safety Plan.

  1. United States Air Force 611th Air Support Group/Civil Engineering Squadron Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Risk assessment Bullen Point Radar Installation, Alaska. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Karmi, S.

    1996-03-18

    This document contains the baseline human health risk assessment and the ecological risk assessment (ERA) for the Bullen Point Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line radar installation. Five sites at the Bullen Point radar installation underwent remedial investigations (RIs) during the summer of 1993. The presence of chemical contamination in the soil, sediments, and surface water at the installation was evaluated and reported in the Bullen Point Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) (U.S. Air Force 1996). The analytical data reported in the RI/FS form the basis for the human health and ecological risk assessments. The primary chemicals of concern (COCs) at the five sites are diesel and gasoline from past spills and/or leaks.

  2. Ideas in Practice: The Mississippi River: Humanities and Civil Engineering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vonalt, Larry; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Describes a course offered for the freshman civil engineering major at the University of Missouri-Rolla. The rationale of developing the course which focuses on the symbolic, social, and technological aspects of the Mississippi River is included. (HM)

  3. Exploration of technologies of use to civil security forces

    SciTech Connect

    Farnum, E.H.; Petrovic, J.J.; McClellan, K.

    1997-10-01

    This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Current civilian security may be enhanced by the use of flexible tile technology. This project explored the use of such materials in three areas: bomb disposal containers, portable armor, and protective vests. In particular, there has been no evaluation of the use of flexible tiles, functional graded ceramics, and ballistic modeling codes in developing improved systems. The state of the art in these three areas was reviewed and potential collaborators were contacted. Civil security forces, both state and Laboratory, were interviewed to determine issues and needs. From a collaboration established with the New Mexico State Police, the authors now know that the technology has the potential to increase protection without adding undue weight and will be usable by civilian police forces for some applications.

  4. Time-varying deconvolution of GPR data in civil engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Economou, Nikos; Vafidis, Antonis; Hamdan, Hamdan; Kritikakis, George; Andronikidis, Nikos; Dimitriadis, Kleisthenis

    2012-09-01

    Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) profiles are often used in civil engineering problems. Overlapping reflections from thin subgrade layers are observed when a relatively low frequency antenna is used. An efficient GPR data processing method, which increases the dominant frequency of GPR data and the temporal resolution, is proposed. It is implemented in the t-f domain. The proposed time-varying deconvolution technique avoids the need for both the calculation of an inverse zero-phase whitening operator and subsequently the application of a band-pass filtering. The user must select the dominant frequency of the Ricker wavelet and use the phase of a reference electromagnetic wavelet, which is acquired experimentally, for stationary dephasing. Apart from delineating thin layers, this method reduces the number of antennas for imaging both shallow and deeper layers in civil engineering. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated through four civil engineering applications.

  5. Applications of speckle interferometry to civil engineering in Cuba

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzalez-Pena, Rolando; Cibrian-Ortiz de Anda, Rosa M.; Marti-Lopez, Luis

    2003-05-01

    Speckle interferometry has been introduced in Civil Engineering at CUJAE in 1988 as a useful technique in research work. This paper describes some applications of speckle interferometry in civil engineering. Speckle photography has been utilized to study deformation in shearwalls, and also studding of behavior building model under concentrate loading. Displacements were numerically calculated using a finite element method. Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) has been used for the measurement of the Young's modulus in mortars and concrete. Obtained values of the Young's modulus are in good agreement with reported for mortars or measured by a static compressive technique for concrete.

  6. Situated learning methodologies and assessment in civil engineering structures education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bertz, Michael Davis

    This thesis describes an overarching study of civil engineering undergraduate structural education through student performance in recalling and applying basic structural engineering knowledge, and the viability of alternative situated learning environments for more effectively supporting the learning of this knowledge. To properly ground this study, a thorough investigation of related work in assessment, cognitive science, educational technology, and design education was completed, with connections and applications to civil engineering education highlighted. The experimental work of the thesis is organized into three parts: an assessment of civil engineering undergraduates' fundamental structural engineering knowledge and abilities; the development and testing of a software support environment for situated learning, the Civil Engineering Learning Library (CELL); and, the implementation and evaluation of the design studio, a pedagogical model for situated learning in the classroom. The results of the assessment study indicate that civil engineering seniors (and also students earlier in the curriculum) have difficulty retaining and applying basic knowledge of structural behavior, especially doing so in a flexible fashion in design situations. The survey also suggests that visualization plays an important role in understanding structural behavior. Tests with the CELL system show that a cognitively-flexible multimedia environment can support structural learning, but were inconclusive about whether the computer-based system helped the students to learn better than conventional classroom lecture. Two trial implementations of the design studio indicate that the studio model can serve as a powerful situated learning environment, and that it can be scaled up to reasonable class sizes. Significant requirements are associated with this model, however, primarily in faculty involvement, but also in physical resources and student time. In addition to these conclusions about the

  7. Predicaments and Expectations of Civil Engineering Education in China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Xila; Fang, Dongping

    2002-01-01

    Explains the goals of civil engineering in China which include integrated knowledge structure and multi-level knowledge and abilities of innovation, adaptation, cooperation, communication, and organization. Discusses the challenges of student-centered education, dynamics of education organization, and open education. (Author/YDS)

  8. Construction Site Environmental Impact in Civil Engineering Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teixeira, Jose M. Cardoso

    2005-01-01

    The environmental impact of construction activity has gained increasing importance in the last few years and become a key subject for civil engineering education. A survey of Portuguese higher education institutions shows that concern with this topic is mostly directed at the impact of large construction projects and especially focused on their…

  9. CAL Packages for Civil Engineering Hydraulics and Structural Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, W. D.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Describes computer assisted learning (CAL) packages written in FORTRAN IV and developed for use in a degree course in civil engineering dealing with hydraulics and structures. All are used in the interactive mode through a terminal with a keyboard and visual display unit. (Author/CMV)

  10. Developing Research Skills for Civil Engineers: A Library Contribution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruce, C. S.; Brameld, G. H.

    1990-01-01

    A library instruction program has been instituted in civil engineering at the Queensland University of Technology (Australia) in an effort to improve the research skills of fourth year students working on research projects. Students with extended library instruction were found to have better information-seeking behavior than others. (Author/MSE)

  11. Trends in high power laser applications in civil engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wignarajah, Sivakumaran; Sugimoto, Kenji; Nagai, Kaori

    2005-03-01

    This paper reviews the research and development efforts made on the use of lasers for material processing in the civil engineering industry. Initial investigations regarding the possibility of using lasers in civil engineering were made in the 1960s and '70s, the target being rock excavation. At that time however, the laser powers available were too small for any practical application utilization. In the 1980's, the technology of laser surface cleaning of historically important structures was developed in Europe. In the early 1990s, techniques of laser surface modification, including glazing and coloring of concrete, roughening of granite stones, carbonization of wood were pursued, mainly in Japan. In the latter part of the decade, techniques of laser decontamination of concrete surfaces in nuclear facilities were developed in many countries, and field tests were caried out in Japan. The rapid advances in development of diode lasers and YAG lasers with high power outputs and efficiencies since the late 1990's have led to a revival of worldwide interest in the use of lasers for material processing in civil engineering. The authors believe that, in the next 10 years or so, the advent of compact high power lasers is likely to lead to increased use of lasers of material processing in the field of civil engineering.

  12. FOREWORD: Cultural heritage and civil engineering Cultural heritage and civil engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Masini, Nicola; Soldovieri, Francesco; Alvarez de Buergo, Monica; Dumoulin, Jean

    2012-08-01

    This special issue of Journal of Geophysics and Engineering offers a diverse panorama of approaches and technologies that aim to characterize and analyse the state of conservation and health of cultural heritage and civil infrastructure. In particular, it provides a significant overview not only of the effectiveness but also of the limitations of single diagnostic techniques, which can be overcome through the integration of different methods and technologies and/or the use of robust and novel data processing techniques. The choice of diagnostic strategy depends on the material (concrete, masonry), the spatial characteristics of the objects or sites, the value of the objects to be investigated (cultural or not), the aim of the investigation (knowledge, conservation, restoration) and the issues to be addressed (monitoring, decay assessment, etc). The paper by Fornaro et al reports an important technological advance in the field of slow deformation monitoring of civil infrastructure by means of differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) from satellite platforms. The paper shows how the joint exploitation of the last generation of X-band SAR sensors, such as TerraSAR-X, and novel tomographic approaches makes possible advanced multi-dimensional imaging of real structures such as the Las Vegas Monorail. Within the same SAR-based applications, Tapete et al tested the capability of persistent scatterer interferometry (PSI) techniques in the preventative diagnosis of deformation threatening the structural stability of archaeological monuments and buried structures in the Roman Forum, Palatino Hill and Oppio Hill in the centre of Rome. A PSInSAR processing approach, based on the use of the SqueeSAR algorithm, has been shown to be highly suitable for retrieving not only information about displacements of the archaeological remains, but also evidence of criticalities affecting partially or totally buried structures, such as those discovered at Nero's Golden

  13. United States Air Force 611th Civil Engineer Squadron, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Final engineering evaluation/cost analysis potential tce impact to the drinking water supply, Galena Airport, Alaska

    SciTech Connect

    1996-02-05

    This decision document presents the selected removal action to address potential trichloroethene (TCE) impact to drinking water supply wells, located in the Installation Restoration Program (IRP) site ST009, otherwise known as the West Unit, at Galena Airport, Alaska. The information fron the RI Report is summarized, along with an analysis of potential removal action alternatives, in the Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis (EE/CA).

  14. A Study of the Relationship Between the Practice of Civil Engineering and Student Courses: Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bull, A. J. U.; Richardson, E.

    Australian civil engineers were surveyed for a study intended to establish a model for development based on a list of the basic stock of knowledge and techniques that need to be mastered by the graduate civil engineer. Following a brief introduction and summary, chapters 3-7 review the survey objectives, civil engineering definitions and…

  15. Some Basic Considerations about the Necessities and Possibilities of Cooperation between Civil Engineers and Engineering Geologists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katzenbach, Rolf; Bachmann, Gregor

    The education of civil engineers and engineering geologists is different. While civil engineers are commonly educated and trained in mathematical and mechanical based sciences as statics, geotechnics, structural engineering etc. the education of engineering geologists is mainly based on natural science, added with some engineering courses. Nevertheless, the careers of both have in spite of their different priorities and capabilities - which all are necessary in complex building projects - several points of contact. Especially during the construction of tunnels, the cooperation of civil engineers and engineering geologists is important. For example the inhomogeneous rock and groundwater conditions have decisive importance for the bearing and deformation behaviour of those constructions. Therefore a detailed investigation program and a qualified geotechnical and geological interpretation and modelling is necessary. The typical field of a civil engineer is the examination of the structural stability (Ultimate Limit State - ULS) and the serviceability (Serviceability Limit State - SLS) of the construction due to Euro-Code (especially EC 1 and EC 7) and the corresponding national technical standards (codes, recommendations, guidelines etc.). A main activity of an engineering geologist is the assessment of the natural circumstances. The cooperation of both professions is settled in the valuation of the subsoil conditions before and during the construction process. The cooperation of engineering geologists and geotechnical engineers lies in the assessment of the subsoil conditions before and during the construction process of ambitious projects with special regard to the bearing and deformation behaviour which is highly influenced by the inhomogeneity and the variance of the subsoil conditions.

  16. NASA's high-temperature engine materials program for civil aeronautics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gray, Hugh R.; Ginty, Carol A.

    1992-01-01

    The Advanced High-Temperature Engine Materials Technology Program is described in terms of its research initiatives and its goal of developing propulsion systems for civil aeronautics with low levels of noise, pollution, and fuel consumption. The program emphasizes the analysis and implementation of structural materials such as polymer-matrix composites in fans, casings, and engine-control systems. Also investigated in the program are intermetallic- and metal-matrix composites for uses in compressors and turbine disks as well as ceramic-matrix composites for extremely high-temperature applications such as turbine vanes.

  17. Image processing for safety assessment in civil engineering.

    PubMed

    Ferrer, Belen; Pomares, Juan C; Irles, Ramon; Espinosa, Julian; Mas, David

    2013-06-20

    Behavior analysis of construction safety systems is of fundamental importance to avoid accidental injuries. Traditionally, measurements of dynamic actions in civil engineering have been done through accelerometers, but high-speed cameras and image processing techniques can play an important role in this area. Here, we propose using morphological image filtering and Hough transform on high-speed video sequence as tools for dynamic measurements on that field. The presented method is applied to obtain the trajectory and acceleration of a cylindrical ballast falling from a building and trapped by a thread net. Results show that safety recommendations given in construction codes can be potentially dangerous for workers.

  18. Stereographic Projection Techniques for Geologists and Civil Engineers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lisle, Richard J.; Leyshon, Peter R.

    2004-05-01

    An essential tool in the fields of structural geology and geotechnics, stereographic projection allows three-dimensional orientation data to be represented and manipulated. This revised edition presents a basic introduction to the subject with examples, illustrations and exercises that encourage the student to visualize the problems in three dimensions. It will provide students of geology, rock mechanics, and geotechnical and civil engineering with an indispensable guide to the analysis and interpretation of field orientation data. Links to useful web resources and software programs are also provided. First Edition published by Butterworth-Heinemann (1996): 0-750-62450-7

  19. Speckle interferometry measurements in testing halls for civil engineering applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Facchini, Mauro; Jacquot, Pierre M.

    1999-08-01

    Speckle interferometry is an interesting tool for the measurement of micro-deformations and has found application in many different fields ranging from material testing to structural assessment. This kind of applications, however, has often been confined inside optical laboratories where operational conditions are optimal. This paper is devoted to the extension of speckle interferometry to various measurements--performed not inside well protected rooms but in testing halls dedicated to experimentation in civil engineering--where the environmental conditions are severe for an interferometric method.

  20. A Case Study: Problem-Based Learning for Civil Engineering Students in Transportation Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahern, A. A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes two case studies where problem-based learning (PBL) has been introduced to undergraduate civil engineering students in University College Dublin. PBL has recently been put in place in the penultimate and final year transport engineering classes in the civil engineering degree in University College Dublin. In this case study,…

  1. A district nurse's guide to the Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Act 2007.

    PubMed

    Griffith, Richard; Tengnah, Cassam

    2009-01-01

    The government considers forced marriage to be a form of domestic abuse with some 3000 cases reported to the forced marriage unit each year in the UK. Both the Home Office and the Foreign and commonwealth office consider health professionals, such as district nurses, to be ideally placed to identify, help and support the victims of forced marriage. To do this effectively district nurses must be aware of the provisions of the Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Act 2007.

  2. Passive and active structural monitoring experience: Civil engineering applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thompson, L. D.; Westermo, B. D.; Crum, D. B.; Law, W. R.; Trombi, R. G.

    2000-05-01

    State Departments of Transportation and regional city government officials are beginning to view the long-term monitoring of infrastructure as being beneficial for structural damage accumulation assessment, condition based maintenance, life extension, and post-earthquake or -hurricane (-tornado, -typhoon, etc.) damage assessment. Active and passive structural monitoring systems were installed over the last few years to monitor concerns in a wide range of civil infrastructure applications. This paper describes the monitoring technologies and systems employed for such applications. Bridge system applications were directed at monitoring corrosion damage accumulation, composite reinforcements for life extension, general service cracking damage related to fatigue and overloads, and post-earthquake damage. Residential system applications were directed primarily at identifying damage accumulation and post-earthquake damage assessment. A professional sports stadium was monitored for isolated ground instability problems and for post-earthquake damage assessment. Internet-based, remote, data acquisition system experience is discussed with examples of long-term passive and active system data collected from many of the individual sites to illustrate the potential for both passive and active structural health monitoring. A summary of system-based operating characteristics and key engineering recommendations are provided to achieve specific structural monitoring objectives for a wide range of civil infrastructure applications.

  3. Applications of distributed fiber Bragg grating sensors in civil engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nellen, Philipp M.; Broennimann, Rolf; Sennhauser, Urs J.; Askins, Charles G.; Putnam, Martin A.

    1995-09-01

    We report on civil engineering applications of wavelength multiplexed optical-fiber Bragg grating arrays produced directly on the draw tower for testing and surveying advanced structures and material like carbon fiber reinforced concrete elements and prestressing tendons. We equipped a 6 m X 0.9 m X 0.5 m concrete cantilever beam reinforced with carbon fiber lamellas with fiber Bragg grating sensors. Static and dynamic strain levels up to 1500 micrometers /m were measured with a Michelson interferometer used as Fourier spectrometer with resolutions of about 10 micrometers /m for all sensors. Comparative measurements with electrical resistance strain gauges were in good agreement with the fiber optic results. We used the fiber sensors in two different arrangements: some Bragg grating array elements measured the local strain while others were configured in an extensometric way to measure moderate strain over 0.1-1 m.

  4. Compressor Study to Meet Large Civil Tilt Rotor Engine Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Veres, Joseph P.

    2009-01-01

    A vehicle concept study has been made to meet the requirements of the Large Civil Tilt Rotorcraft vehicle mission. A vehicle concept was determined, and a notional turboshaft engine system study was conducted. The engine study defined requirements for the major engine components, including the compressor. The compressor design-point goal was to deliver a pressure ratio of 31:1 at an inlet weight flow of 28.4 lbm/sec. To perform a conceptual design of two potential compressor configurations to meet the design requirement, a mean-line compressor flow analysis and design code were used. The first configuration is an eight-stage axial compressor. Some challenges of the all-axial compressor are the small blade spans of the rear-block stages being 0.28 in., resulting in the last-stage blade tip clearance-to-span ratio of 2.4 percent. The second configuration is a seven-stage axial compressor, with a centrifugal stage having a 0.28-in. impeller-exit blade span. The compressors conceptual designs helped estimate the flow path dimensions, rotor leading and trailing edge blade angles, flow conditions, and velocity triangles for each stage.

  5. Compressor Study to Meet Large Civil Tilt Rotor Engine Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Veres, Joseph P.

    2009-01-01

    A vehicle concept study has been made to meet the requirements of the Large Civil Tilt Rotorcraft vehicle mission. A vehicle concept was determined, and a notional turboshaft engine system study was conducted. The engine study defined requirements for the major engine components, including the compressor. The compressor design-point goal was to deliver a pressure ratio of 31:1 at an inlet weight flow of 28.4 lbm/sec. To perform a conceptual design of two potential compressor configurations to meet the design requirement, a mean-line compressor flow analysis and design code were used. The first configuration is an eight-stage axial compressor. Some challenges of the all-axial compressor are the small blade spans of the rear-block stages being 0.28 in., resulting in the last-stage blade tip clearance-to-span ratio of 2.4%. The second configuration is a seven-stage axial compressor, with a centrifugal stage having a 0.28-in. impeller-exit blade span. The compressors conceptual designs helped estimate the flow path dimensions, rotor leading and trailing edge blade angles, flow conditions, and velocity triangles for each stage.

  6. Structurally embedded fiber Bragg gratings: civil engineering applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nellen, Philipp M.; Broennimann, Rolf; Frank, Andreas; Mauron, Pascal; Sennhauser, Urs J.

    1999-12-01

    In civil engineering it is of interest to monitor long-term performance of structures made of new lightweight materials like glass or carbon fiber reinforced polymers (GFRP/CFRP). In contrast to surface applied optical fiber sensors, embedded sensors are expected to be better protected against rough handling and harsh environmental conditions. We report on two recently done fiber optical sensor applications in civil engineering. Both include structurally embedded fiber Bragg grating (BG) arrays but have different demands with respect to their operation. For the first application fiber BGs were embedded in GFRP rockbolts of 3 - 5 m in length either of 3, 8, or 22 mm diameter. The sensor equipped rockbolts are made for distributed measurements of boulder motion during tunnel construction and operation and should withstand strain up to 1.6%. Rockbolt sensors were field tested in a tunnel near Sargans in Switzerland. For a second application fiber BGs were embedded in CFRP wires of 5 mm diameter used for the pre- stressing cables of a 56 m long bridge near Lucerne in Switzerland. The permanent load on the cable corresponds to 0.8% strain. Due to the embedded sensors, strain decay inside the cable anchoring heads could be measured for the first time during loading and operation of the cables. For both applications mechanical and thermal loading tests were performed to assess the function of these new elements. Also, temperature and strain sensitivity were calibrated. Reliability studies with respect to stress transfer, fiber mechanical failure, and wavelength shift caused by thermal BG decay as well as monitoring results of both applications are presented.

  7. POLLUTION PREVENTION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT OF THE U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS CIVIL WORKS FACILITIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments (PPOA) summarized here were conducted at the following representative Army Corps of Engineers (USAGE) Civil Works facilities: Pittsburgh Engineering Warehouse and Repair Station (PEWARS) and Emsworth Locks and Dams in Pittsburgh, P...

  8. United States Air Force 611th Air Support Group/Civil Engineering Squadron, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Decision document for no further response action planned Oliktok Point Radar Installation, Alaska. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Karmi, S.

    1996-06-03

    This Decision Document discusses the selection of no further action as the recommended action for four sites located at the Oliktok Point radar installation. The United States Air Force (Air Force) completed a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study and a Risk Assessment for the eight sites located at the Oliktok Point installation (U.S. Air Force 1996a,b). Based on the findings of these activities, four sites are recommended for no further action.

  9. United States Air Force 611th Air Support Group/Civil Engineering Squadron Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Decision document for no further response action planned: Barter Island Radar Installation, Alaska. Final report, December 1995-May 1996

    SciTech Connect

    Karmi, S.; Madden, J.; Borsetti, R.

    1996-05-03

    This Decision Document discusses the selection of no further action as the recommended action for nine sites located at the Barter Island radar installation. The United States Air Force (Air Force) completed a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study and a Risk Assessment for the 14 sites located at the Barter Island installation (U.S. Air Force 1996a,b). Based on the findings of these activities, nine sites are recommended for no further action.

  10. A Strategic Approach for Supporting the Future of Civil Engineering Education in Europe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angelides, Demos C.; Loukogeorgaki, Eva

    2005-01-01

    A new strategic vision of the extensively debated European higher education is proposed with focus on civil engineering. Civil engineering education for the future is considered with relevance to potential world-wide trends and anticipated societal requirements and, therefore, required employee qualifications of the construction-related providers…

  11. Developing a Dynamics and Vibrations Course for Civil Engineering Students Based on Fundamental-Principles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barroso, Luciana R.; Morgan, James R.

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the creation and evolution of an undergraduate dynamics and vibrations course for civil engineering students. Incorporating vibrations into the course allows students to see and study "real" civil engineering applications of the course content. This connection of academic principles to real life situations is in…

  12. What Are the Perceptions of Lecturers towards Using Cooperative Learning in Civil Engineering?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahern, Aoife

    2007-01-01

    The objective of the current paper is to examine how group learning and cooperative learning are used in civil engineering courses. The paper defines group learning and cooperative learning in the first section. It is hypothesized that group learning is used in civil engineering courses to build teamwork skills and communication skills among civil…

  13. Are Quantity Surveyors Competent to Value for Civil Engineering Works? Evaluating QSs' Competencies and Militating Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olawumi, Timothy Oluwatosin; Ayegun, Olaleke Amos

    2016-01-01

    The role of the quantity surveyor is one that is often unclear amongst the general public. This study discussed the competencies of the quantity surveyor in measuring and managing civil engineering works and also carrying out the financial management for civil engineering construction projects; also outlined the various competencies and skills…

  14. Increasing Awareness of Sustainable Water Management for Future Civil Engineers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ilic, Suzana; Karleusa, Barbara; Deluka-Tibljas, Aleksandra

    2010-05-01

    There are more than 1.2 billion people around the world that do not have access to drinking water. While there are plans under the United Nations Millennium Development Goals to halve this number by 2015, there are a number of regions that will be exposed to water scarcity in the coming future. Providing sufficient water for future development is a great challenge for planners and designers of water supply systems. In order to design sustainable water supplies for the future, it is important to learn how people consume water and how water consumption can be reduced. The education of future civil engineers should take into account not only technical aspects of the water supply but also the accompanying social and economical issues, and appreciated the strengths and weaknesses of traditional solutions. The Faculty of Civil Engineering, at the University of Rijeka, has begun incorporating a series of activities that engage undergraduate students and the local community to develop a mutual understanding of the future needs for sustainable management. We present one of the activities, collaboration with the Lancaster Environment Centre at Lancaster University in the UK through the field course Water and environmental management in Mediterranean context. The course, which is designed for the Lancaster University geography students, features a combination of field trips and visits to provide an understanding of the socio-economic and environmental context of water management in two counties (Istra and Primorsko-Goranska). Students from Lancaster visit the Croatian water authority and a regional water company, where they learn about current management practices and problems in managing water supplies and demand through the year. They make their own observations of current management practices in the field and learn about water consumption from the end users. One day field visit to a village in the area that is still not connected to the main water supply system is

  15. Exploration of technologies of use to civil security forces

    SciTech Connect

    Farnum, E.H.; Petrovic, J.; McClellan, K.; Trujillo, E.; Neuman, A.; Lounsbury, B.; Mann, T.; Rousseau, R.

    1998-12-01

    This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The objective was to determine whether armor tile technology could be used to solve problems of civil law enforcement as identified by the New Mexico State Police. Most of the effort focused on the design and construction of a lightweight, portable box that could contain the shrapnel and redirect the blast from a steel-pipe/black-powder bomb. The bomb box task was carried out in collaboration with two companies, Foster Miller, Inc. and Ordnance Body Armor Co., who constructed most of the boxes tested. The results of the tests indicated that soft, flexible fabrics are superior to hard tiles in containing the bomb fragments. Subsequent to these experiments, Foster Miller has developed a bomb container that is commercialized and is currently being sold to law enforcement agencies.

  16. United States Air Force 611th Air Support Group/Civil Engineering Squadron Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Decision document for no further response action planned: Bullen Point Radar Installation, Alaska. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Karmi, S.

    1996-05-24

    This Decision Document discusses the selection of no further action as the recommended action for two sites located at the Bullen Point radar installation. The United States Air Force (Air Force) completed a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study and a Risk Assessment for the five sites located at the Bullen Point installation (U.S. Air Force 1996a,b). Based on the findings of these activities, two sites are recommended for no further action. Sites at the Bullen Point radar installation recommended for no further action are: Old Landfill/Dump Site East (LF06) and Drum Storage Area (SS10).

  17. Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar in Finland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pellinen, Terhi; Huuskonen-Snicker, Eeva; Olkkonen, Martta-Kaisa; Eskelinen, Pekka

    2014-05-01

    Ground penetrating radar (GPR) has been used in Finland since 1980's for civil engineering applications. First applications in this field were road surveys and dam inspections. Common GPR applications in road surveys include the thickness evaluation of the pavement, subgrade soil evaluation and evaluation of the soil moisture and frost susceptibility. Since the 1990's, GPR has been used in combination with other non-destructive testing (NDT) methods in road surveys. Recently, more GPR applications have been adopted, such as evaluating bridges, tunnels, railways and concrete elements. Nowadays, compared with other countries GPR is relatively widely used in Finland for road surveys. Quite many companies, universities and research centers in Finland have their own GPR equipment and are involved in the teaching and research of the GPR method. However, further research and promotion of the GPR techniques are still needed since GPR could be used more routinely. GPR has been used to evaluate the air void content of asphalt pavements for years. Air void content is an important quality measure of pavement condition for both the new and old asphalt pavements. The first Finnish guideline was released in 1999 for the method. Air void content is obtained from the GPR data by measuring the dielectric value as continuous record. To obtain air void content data, few pavement cores must be taken for calibration. Accuracy of the method is however questioned because there are other factors that affect the dielectric value of the asphalt layer, in addition to the air void content. Therefore, a research project is currently carried out at Aalto University in Finland. The overall objective is to investigate if the existing GPR technique used in Finland is accurate enough to be used as QC/QA tool in assessing the compaction of asphalt pavements. The project is funded by the Finnish Transport Agency. Further research interests at Aalto University include developing new microwave asphalt

  18. Enabling propulsion materials for high-speed civil transport engines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stephens, Joseph R.; Herbell, Thomas P.

    1992-01-01

    NASA Headquarters and LeRC have advocated an Enabling Propulsion Materials Program (EPM) to begin in FY-92. The High Speed Research Phase 1 program which began in FY-90 has focused on the environmental acceptability of a High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT). Studies by industry, including Boeing, McDonnell Douglas, GE Aircraft Engines, and Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, and in-house studies by NASA concluded that NO(x) emissions and airport noise reduction can only be economically achieved by revolutionary advancements in materials technologies. This is especially true of materials for the propulsion system where the combustor is the key to maintaining low emissions, and the exhaust nozzle is the key to reducing airport noise to an acceptable level. Both of these components will rely on high temperature composite materials that can withstand the conditions imposed by commercial aircraft operations. The proposed EPM program will operate in conjunction with the HSR Phase 1 Program and the planned HSR Phase 2 program slated to start in FY-93. Components and subcomponents developed from advanced materials will be evaluated in the HSR Phase 2 Program.

  19. Experiences with fiber optic Bragg grating sensors in civil engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brownjohn, James M. W.; Moyo, Pilate; Wang, Yong; Tjin, Chuan S.; Lim, Tuan-Kay

    2001-06-01

    Initially developed for applications in the aerospace industry, fiber-optic Bragg grating sensors (FBG) have attracted attention in the civil engineering community. The interest in FBG sensors has been motivated by the potential advantages they can offer over existing sensing technologies. They are, immune to electromagnetic interference, small in size and can be easier to install than traditional electrical resistance strain gauges. They can also be multiplexed, that is, a single fiber may have more than one change. Although field test of FBG sensors have been reported in literature, there is a dearth of information on their installation procedures, their precision in quantifying strains of concrete structures, and robustness requirements for embedment in concrete structures. In particular the harsh environment during the construction of concrete structures is a great challenge in the installation of these fragile sensors. The paper reports on our experiences with FBG sensors in concrete structures. FBG sensor have been sued to quantify strain, temperature and to capture vibration signals. Th result of these studies indicate that, if properly installed, FBG sensors can survive the sever conditions associated with the embedment process and yield accurate measurements of strains and vibration response, so it is possible to benefit from their potential advantages.

  20. Fiber-optic sensor applications in civil and geotechnical engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Habel, Wolfgang R.; Krebber, Katerina

    2011-09-01

    Different types of fiber-optic sensors based on glass or polymeric fibers are used to evaluate material behavior or to monitor the integrity and long-term stability of load-bearing structure components. Fiber-optic sensors have been established as a new and innovative measurement technology in very different fields, such as material science, civil engineering, light-weight structures, geotechnical areas as well as chemical and high-voltage substations. Very often, mechanical quantities such as deformation, strain or vibration are requested. However, measurement of chemical quantities in materials and structure components, such as pH value in steel reinforced concrete members also provides information about the integrity of concrete structures. A special fiber-optic chemical sensor for monitoring the alkaline state (pH value) of the cementitious matrix in steel-reinforced concrete structures with the purpose of early detection of corrosion-initiating factors is described. The paper presents the use of several fiber-optic sensor technologies in engineering. One example concerns the use of highly resolving concrete-embeddable fiber Fabry-Perot acoustic emission (AE) sensors for the assessment of the bearing behaviour of large concrete piles in existing foundations or during and after its installation. Another example concerns fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors attached to anchor steels (micro piles) to measure the strain distribution in loaded soil anchors. Polymer optical fibers (POF) can be — because of their high elasticity and high ultimate strain — well integrated into textiles to monitor their deformation behaviour. Such "intelligent" textiles are capable of monitoring displacement of soil or slopes, critical mechanical deformation in geotechnical structures (dikes, dams, and embankments) as well as in masonry structures during and after earthquakes.

  1. Mississippi Curriculum Framework for Civil Technology (Program CIP: 15.0201--Civil Engineering/Civil Technology). Postsecondary Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mississippi Research and Curriculum Unit for Vocational and Technical Education, State College.

    This document, which is intended for use by community and junior colleges throughout Mississippi, contains curriculum frameworks for the course sequences in the civil technology programs cluster. Presented in the introductory section are a description of the program and suggested course sequence. Section I lists baseline competencies, and section…

  2. Study of small civil turbofan engines applicable to military trainer airplanes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heldenbrand, R. W.; Merrill, G. L.; Burnett, G. A.

    1975-01-01

    Small turbofan engine design concepts were applied to military trainer airplanes to establish the potential for commonality between civil and military engines. Several trainer configurations were defined and studied. A ""best'' engine was defined for the trainer mission, and sensitivity analyses were performed to determine the effects on airplane size and efficiency of wing loading, power loading, configuration, aerodynamic quality, and engine quality. It is concluded that a small civil aircraft is applicable to military trainer airplanes. Aircraft designed with these engines are smaller, less costly, and more efficient than existing trainer aircraft.

  3. Experimental Study on an Ultrasonic Purification Apparatus for Civil Engineering Use

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshino, Takafumi; Koyama, Daisuke; Nakamura, Kentaro; Ueha, Sadayuki; Seino, Katuhiro

    2008-05-01

    Purification of wastewater is indispensable to civil engineering construction. Since natural sedimentation requires much time, coagulants are used to increase the sedimentation rate. However, this may cause environment disruption. In this study, we investigated an ultrasonic agglomeration method which needs no coagulants as a possible solution to this problem. This method is based on phenomena that suspended particles are trapped at the nodal lines of a standing ultrasonic field due to acoustic radiation forces and then agglomerate. Our experimental setup had a water channel between a piezoelectric plate transducer designed to resonate at 1 MHz and a reflector. In the experiments, the suspended particles moved to and were trapped at the nodal lines and agglomerated both with and without water flow. By tilting the transducer, the position of trapping was varied and the agglomerated clusters settled out more easily. We obtained a maximum purification rate of 0.09 L/min with electrical power of 40 W.

  4. The Use of Mini-projects in the Teaching of Geotechnics to Civil Engineering Undergraduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, W. F.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Geotechnics (which encompasses soil and rock mechanics, engineering geology, foundation design, and ground engineering methods) is a major component of virtually all civil engineering courses. Show how mini-projects are used to teach this subject. Format of projects, development of presentation skills, and assessment considerations are discussed.…

  5. 19 CFR 10.183 - Duty-free entry of civil aircraft, aircraft engines, ground flight simulators, parts, components...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Duty-free entry of civil aircraft, aircraft engines, ground flight simulators, parts, components, and... aircraft, aircraft engines, and ground flight simulators, including their parts, components, and... United States (HTSUS) by meeting the following requirements: (1) The aircraft, aircraft engines,...

  6. Learning by Seeing: The TEMAS Multimedia Learning Objects for Civil Engineers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cadoni, Ezio; Botturi, Luca; Forni, Daniele

    2008-01-01

    A goal of engineering and architecture bachelor and master's programs is to provide students with practical and technical preparation in the mechanical characterization of materials and structures: future architects and civil engineers should be able to recognize and describe different construction materials and their behavior when used for…

  7. CIVIL ENGINEERS AT THE CROSSROADS - HOW CONSULTING ENGINEERS CAN DRAW ON THE PAST TO FURTHER OUR EXPERTISE FOR THE FUTURE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirotani, Akihiko

    This paper first discusses the role of civil engineers in the development of Japan's infrastructure during the period of post-war reconstruction and subsequent high economic growth. The paper highlights the importance of practical skills in a world where the role of civil engineers is expected to become increasingly diverse, and emphasizes the importance of seizing opportunities to further develop international competitiveness. In the post-war era, civil engineers raised their expertise and acquired advanced technologies from overseas and made further improvements through the course of applying those technologies. By adopting many state-of-the-art technologies civil engineers helped develop the infrastructure that now serves as Japan's social and economic backbone. Current trends such as the shrinking and aging population and globalization are destined to have large-scale impacts on Japan's social systems. In the context of such dynamics, this paper discusses civil engineers' perception of our current position in history, and how we will raise the standards of our profession for the future.

  8. Applications and issues of GIS as tool for civil engineering modeling

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Miles, S.B.; Ho, C.L.

    1999-01-01

    A tool that has proliferated within civil engineering in recent years is geographic information systems (GIS). The goal of a tool is to supplement ability and knowledge that already exists, not to serve as a replacement for that which is lacking. To secure the benefits and avoid misuse of a burgeoning tool, engineers must understand the limitations, alternatives, and context of the tool. The common benefits of using GIS as a supplement to engineering modeling are summarized. Several brief case studies of GIS modeling applications are taken from popular civil engineering literature to demonstrate the wide use and varied implementation of GIS across the discipline. Drawing from the case studies, limitations regarding traditional GIS data models find the implementation of civil engineering models within current GIS are identified and countered by discussing the direction of the next generation of GIS. The paper concludes by highlighting the potential for the misuse of GIS in the context of engineering modeling and suggests that this potential can be reduced through education and awareness. The goal of this paper is to promote awareness of the issues related to GIS-based modeling and to assist in the formulation of questions regarding the application of current GIS. The technology has experienced much publicity of late, with many engineers being perhaps too excited about the usefulness of current GIS. An undoubtedly beneficial side effect of this, however, is that engineers are becoming more aware of GIS and, hopefully, the associated subtleties. Civil engineers must stay informed of GIS issues and progress, but more importantly, civil engineers must inform the GIS community to direct the technology development optimally.

  9. 78 FR 76117 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ... Education, and other specific mission sets such as security forces, civil engineering and science and... Homeland Defense, Homeland Security, and Defense Support to Civil Agencies. This will include...

  10. 78 FR 68826 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-15

    ... specific mission sets such as security forces, civil engineering and science and technology. --Projections..., Homeland Security, and Defense Support to Civil Agencies. This will include implications for the...

  11. 78 FR 76119 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ... Education, and other specific mission sets such as security forces, civil engineering and science and... Homeland Defense, Homeland Security, and Defense Support to Civil Agencies. This will include...

  12. Fiber optic sensors in civil engineering: experiences and requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Habel, Wolfgang R.

    1995-09-01

    The use of fiber optic sensors for measuring and monitoring tasks on structure components and large civil structures will only be successful if one is attentive to a nubmer of conditions in this raw environment. Most of the tasks require a direct contact of the sensor element to the measuring object without any protecting barrier. Such a contact may always entail mechanical damages to the sensor surface and chemical attacks on the primary coating.

  13. Further considerations on suicides among union forces during the U.S. Civil War.

    PubMed

    Smith, Jeffrey A; Frueh, B Christopher

    2013-06-01

    In their thoughtful commentary McCutcheon et al. (2013) remind us that caution is warranted in interpreting military suicide data, in part due to the possible political, leadership, and morale pressures to disguise suicides that may have existed during the U.S. Civil War. While we agree generally, we offer further considerations on suicides among Union forces during the war. We discuss the integrity of the data source, the ratio of homicides to suicides, contemporaneous journalistic accounts regarding cultural acceptance of suicide, seasonal variations in suicides, and Dyer's Compendium. All of these points suggest support for our initial argument that suicide rates during the U.S. Civil War were much lower than modern U.S. military suicide rates. We agree with McCutcheon et al. that geography and history remind us there is good reasons to be optimistic that the psychological consequences of war are not inevitably devastating to all those who serve.

  14. Further considerations on suicides among union forces during the U.S. Civil War.

    PubMed

    Smith, Jeffrey A; Frueh, B Christopher

    2013-06-01

    In their thoughtful commentary McCutcheon et al. (2013) remind us that caution is warranted in interpreting military suicide data, in part due to the possible political, leadership, and morale pressures to disguise suicides that may have existed during the U.S. Civil War. While we agree generally, we offer further considerations on suicides among Union forces during the war. We discuss the integrity of the data source, the ratio of homicides to suicides, contemporaneous journalistic accounts regarding cultural acceptance of suicide, seasonal variations in suicides, and Dyer's Compendium. All of these points suggest support for our initial argument that suicide rates during the U.S. Civil War were much lower than modern U.S. military suicide rates. We agree with McCutcheon et al. that geography and history remind us there is good reasons to be optimistic that the psychological consequences of war are not inevitably devastating to all those who serve. PMID:23489966

  15. Safety engineering in handling fuels and lubricants in civil aviation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Protoereiskii, Aleksandr Stepanovich

    The book is concerned with methods of improving working conditions, work hygiene, safety engineering, and fire and explosion prevention during the storage and handling of petroleum products at fuel and lubricant storage facilities. The discussion covers methods of protection against static and atmospheric discharges, lightning protection, safety engineering in fuel and lubricant laboratories, and methods of fire prevention and fire extinction. Attention is also given to methods for administering first aid in case of accidents and poisoning.

  16. Modeling a Civil Event Case Study for Consequence Management Using the IMPRINT Forces Module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gacy, Marc; Gosakan, Mala; Eckdahl, Angela; Miller, Jeffrey R.

    2012-01-01

    A critical challenge in the Consequence Management (CM) domain is the appropriate allocation of necessary and skilled military and civilian personnel and materiel resources in unexpected emergencies. To aid this process we used the Forces module in the Improved Performance Research Integration Tool (IMPRINT). This module enables analysts to enter personnel and equipment capabilities, prioritized schedules and numbers available, along with unexpected emergency requirements in order to assess force response requirements. Using a suspected terrorist threat on a college campus, we developed a test case model which exercised the capabilities of the module, including the scope and scale of operations. The model incorporates data from multiple sources, including daily schedules and frequency of events such as fire calls. Our preliminary results indicate that the model can predict potential decreases in civilian emergency response coverage due to an involved unplanned incident requiring significant portions of police, fire and civil responses teams.

  17. Proceedings of the Conference Arctic '85; Civil Engineering in the Artic offshore

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, F.L.; Machemehl, J.L.

    1985-01-01

    Topics of the 1985 Conference included: Arctic construction, Arctic foundation, Arctic structures, and ocean effects. Arctic terminals and coastal offshore bases, protecting the Arctic environment, and probabilistic methods in Arctic offshore engineering were also discussed. Ice mechanics, marine pipelines in the Arctic, and the role of universities in training civil engineers for Arctic offshore development were highlighted. Sessions on remote sensing, surveying, and mapping were included, and offshore installations in the Bering Sea were discussed. Another topic of discussion was research in Civil Engineering for development of the Arctic offshore. The overall thrust of the conference was the application of Arctic offshore engineering principles and research in the field of oil and gas exploration and exploitation activity.

  18. Integrated Project System and Supervised Industrial Placement--Essential Cores of Civil Engineering Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Majewski, Stanislaw; Mayo, Roger; Mokrosz, Andrzej; Gorski, Marcin

    Since the early nineties the Civil Engineering Faculty of the Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice, Poland has been involved in three Tempus projects, aimed at modernizing the Faculty educational system and its adjustment to European Union standards. The first and second projects were directed at creating new specialties: City Regeneration…

  19. A Sustainable Cohort of Professional Civil Engineering Graduates? Uncovering the United Kingdom Graduate Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, David J.; Dainty, Andrew R. J.; Love, Peter E. D.

    2004-01-01

    Undergraduate applications to civil engineering courses have been declining at an alarming rate despite the industry's healthy economic activity. Concerns abound as to the long-term impact of this decline as the sector is already suffering skills shortages across virtually all of its occupations. This paper investigates the likely future trends in…

  20. The Attitude of Civil Engineering Students towards Health and Safety Risk Management: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, A. K.; Reynolds, J. H.; Ng, L. W. T.

    2008-01-01

    The highest rate of accidents and injuries in British industries has been reported by the construction industry during the past decade. Since then stakeholders have recognised that a possible solution would be to inculcate a good attitude towards health and safety risk management in undergraduate civil engineering students and construction…

  1. Case Study of a Project-Based Learning Course in Civil Engineering Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gavin, K.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the use of project-based learning to teach design skills to civil engineering students at University College Dublin (UCD). The paper first considers the development of problem-based leaning (PBL) as a tool in higher education. The general issues to be considered in the design of the curriculum for a PBL module are reviewed.…

  2. Free Fall Misconceptions: Results of a Graph Based Pre-Test of Sophomore Civil Engineering Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montecinos, Alicia M.

    2014-01-01

    A partially unusual behaviour was found among 14 sophomore students of civil engineering who took a pre test for a free fall laboratory session, in the context of a general mechanics course. An analysis contemplating mathematics models and physics models consistency was made. In all cases, the students presented evidence favoring a correct free…

  3. CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY CONSULTANTS' WORKSHOP, REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS (ATLANTA, MAY 17-20, 1967).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DOBROVOLNY, JERRY S.

    THIS REPORT ATTEMPTS TO SHOW ADMINISTRATORS OF JUNIOR COLLEGES, TECHNICAL INSTITUTES, AND GOVERNMENT OR INDUSTRIAL TRAINING PROGRAMS CERTAIN CRITICAL PROBLEMS IN THE TRAINING OF CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS. THE PHILOSOPHY OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION REQUIRES ATTENTION AS DOES THE IDENTIFICATION OF STUDENTS WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM AND SUCCESSFULLY…

  4. Assessment by Employers of Newly Graduated Civil Engineers from the Islamic University of Gaza

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enshassi, Adnan; Hassouna, Ahmed

    2005-01-01

    The evaluation process is very important to identify and recognize the strengths and the weaknesses of graduated students. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the performance of the newly graduated civil engineers from the Islamic University of Gaza in Palestine. The methodology was based on questionnaires and informal interview. The…

  5. Individually-Paced Learning in Civil Engineering Technology: An Approach to Mastery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharples, D. Kent; And Others

    An individually-paced, open-entry/open-ended mastery learning approach for a state-wide civil engineering technology curriculum was developed, field-tested, and evaluated. Learning modules relying heavily on audiovisuals and hands-on experience, and based on 163 identified competencies, were developed for 11 courses in the curriculum. Written…

  6. Measured Engine Installation Effects of Four Civil Transport Airplanes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Senzig, David A.; Fleming, Gregg G.; Shepherd, Kevin P.

    2001-01-01

    The Federal Aviation Administration's Integrated Noise Model (INM) is one of the primary tools for land use planning around airports. The INM currently calculates airplane noise lateral attenuation using the methods contained in the Society of Automotive Engineer's Aerospace Information Report No. 1751 (SAE AIR 1751). Researchers have noted that improved lateral attenuation algorithms may improve airplane noise prediction. The authors of SAE AIR 1751 based existing methods on empirical data collected from flight tests using 1960s-technology airplanes with tail-mounted engines. To determine whether the SAE AIR 1751 methods are applicable for predicting the engine installation component of lateral attenuation for airplanes with wing-mounted engines, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sponsored a series of flight tests during September 2000 at their Wallops Flight Facility. Four airplanes, a Boeing 767-400, a Douglas DC-9, a Dassault Falcon 2000, and a Beech KingAir, were flown through a 20 microphone array. The airplanes were flown through the array at various power settings, flap settings, and altitudes to simulate take-off and arrival configurations. This paper presents the preliminary findings of this study.

  7. [Civil engineering education at the Imperial College of Engineering in Tokyo: an analysis based on Ayahiko Ishibashi's memoirs].

    PubMed

    Wada, Masanori

    2014-01-01

    The Imperial College of Engineering (ICE or Kobu-Daigakko) in Tokyo, founded in 1873 under the auspices of the Ministry of Public Works, was one of the most prominent modern institutions of engineering education in early Meiji Japan. Previous studies have revealed that the ICE offered large scale practical training programs at enterprises of the Ministry, which sometimes lasted several months, and praised their ideal combination of theory and practice. In reality, it has been difficult to evaluate the quality of education at the ICE mainly because of scarcity of sources. ICE students published a collection of memoirs for alumni members, commemorating the fiftieth-year of the history of the Tokyo Imperial University. Drawing on the previously neglected collection of students' memoires, this paper appraises the education of civil engineering offered by the ICE. The paper also compares this collection with other official records of the college, and confirms it as a reliable source, even though it contains some minor errors. The author particularly uses the memoirs by Ayahiko Ishibashi, one of the first graduates from its civil engineering course, who left sufficient reminiscences on education that he received. This paper, as a result, illustrates that the main practical training for the students of civil engineering was limited to designing process, including surveying. Furthermore, practical training that Ishibashi received at those enterprises often lacked a plan, and its effectiveness was questionable.

  8. Capillary force lithography for cardiac tissue engineering.

    PubMed

    Macadangdang, Jesse; Lee, Hyun Jung; Carson, Daniel; Jiao, Alex; Fugate, James; Pabon, Lil; Regnier, Michael; Murry, Charles; Kim, Deok-Ho

    2014-06-10

    Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide(1). Cardiac tissue engineering holds much promise to deliver groundbreaking medical discoveries with the aims of developing functional tissues for cardiac regeneration as well as in vitro screening assays. However, the ability to create high-fidelity models of heart tissue has proven difficult. The heart's extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex structure consisting of both biochemical and biomechanical signals ranging from the micro- to the nanometer scale(2). Local mechanical loading conditions and cell-ECM interactions have recently been recognized as vital components in cardiac tissue engineering(3-5). A large portion of the cardiac ECM is composed of aligned collagen fibers with nano-scale diameters that significantly influences tissue architecture and electromechanical coupling(2). Unfortunately, few methods have been able to mimic the organization of ECM fibers down to the nanometer scale. Recent advancements in nanofabrication techniques, however, have enabled the design and fabrication of scalable scaffolds that mimic the in vivo structural and substrate stiffness cues of the ECM in the heart(6-9). Here we present the development of two reproducible, cost-effective, and scalable nanopatterning processes for the functional alignment of cardiac cells using the biocompatible polymer poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)(8) and a polyurethane (PU) based polymer. These anisotropically nanofabricated substrata (ANFS) mimic the underlying ECM of well-organized, aligned tissues and can be used to investigate the role of nanotopography on cell morphology and function(10-14). Using a nanopatterned (NP) silicon master as a template, a polyurethane acrylate (PUA) mold is fabricated. This PUA mold is then used to pattern the PU or PLGA hydrogel via UV-assisted or solvent-mediated capillary force lithography (CFL), respectively(15,16). Briefly, PU or PLGA pre-polymer is drop dispensed onto a glass coverslip

  9. Capillary Force Lithography for Cardiac Tissue Engineering

    PubMed Central

    Macadangdang, Jesse; Lee, Hyun Jung; Carson, Daniel; Jiao, Alex; Fugate, James; Pabon, Lil; Regnier, Michael; Murry, Charles; Kim, Deok-Ho

    2014-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide1. Cardiac tissue engineering holds much promise to deliver groundbreaking medical discoveries with the aims of developing functional tissues for cardiac regeneration as well as in vitro screening assays. However, the ability to create high-fidelity models of heart tissue has proven difficult. The heart’s extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex structure consisting of both biochemical and biomechanical signals ranging from the micro- to the nanometer scale2. Local mechanical loading conditions and cell-ECM interactions have recently been recognized as vital components in cardiac tissue engineering3-5. A large portion of the cardiac ECM is composed of aligned collagen fibers with nano-scale diameters that significantly influences tissue architecture and electromechanical coupling2. Unfortunately, few methods have been able to mimic the organization of ECM fibers down to the nanometer scale. Recent advancements in nanofabrication techniques, however, have enabled the design and fabrication of scalable scaffolds that mimic the in vivo structural and substrate stiffness cues of the ECM in the heart6-9. Here we present the development of two reproducible, cost-effective, and scalable nanopatterning processes for the functional alignment of cardiac cells using the biocompatible polymer poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)8 and a polyurethane (PU) based polymer. These anisotropically nanofabricated substrata (ANFS) mimic the underlying ECM of well-organized, aligned tissues and can be used to investigate the role of nanotopography on cell morphology and function10-14. Using a nanopatterned (NP) silicon master as a template, a polyurethane acrylate (PUA) mold is fabricated. This PUA mold is then used to pattern the PU or PLGA hydrogel via UV-assisted or solvent-mediated capillary force lithography (CFL), respectively15,16. Briefly, PU or PLGA pre-polymer is drop dispensed onto a glass coverslip and the PUA

  10. EVALUATION FOR JUDGMENT CRITERIA OF REPAIR ON CIVIL ENGINEERING STRUCTURE BY SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuki, Kazunori; Kobayashi, Hiroki; Ohishi, Hiroyuki; Sugimoto, Hiroyuki; Iida, Takeshi; Furukawa, Kohei

    In this study, setting method for judgment criteria for repair of civil engineering structures is analyzed by the use of inspection and repair record of expansion joint of bridges with the Support Vector Machine. The Support Vector Machine is a technique used to apply for setting of risk degree of disasters on natural slopes. However it is needed that effective exclusion method of noise data has to be considered to apply for the analysis of the setting method. Therefore the noise data is excluded objectively in order that high confidence data can be extracted from the record. In this way setting the method can be developed. As a result of this study, it can be shown that the setting method by Support Vector Machine is effective as a tool for maintenance management plan of civil engineering structures since the method has a high integrity with evaluation by professional engineer.

  11. Investigation of low NOx staged combustor concept in high-speed civil transport engines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, Hung Lee; Bittker, David A.; Niedzwiecki, Richard W.

    1989-01-01

    Levels of exhaust emissions due to high temperatures in the main combustor of high-speed civil transport (HSCT) engines during supersonic cruise are predicted. These predictions are based on a new combustor design approach: a rich burn/quick quench/lean burn combustor. A two-stage stirred reactor model is used to calculate the combustion efficiency and exhaust emissions of this novel combustor. A propane-air chemical kinetics model is used to simulate the fuel-rich combustion of jet fuel. Predicted engine exhaust emissions are compared with available experimental test data. The effect of HSCT engine operating conditions on the levels of exhaust emissions is also presented. The work described in this paper is a part of the NASA Lewis Research Center High-Speed Civil Transport Low NO(x) Combustor program.

  12. Suicide, alcoholism, and psychiatric illness among union forces during the U.S. Civil War.

    PubMed

    Frueh, B Christopher; Smith, Jeffrey A

    2012-10-01

    Little is known about post-combat psychological reactions of warriors prior to the Twentieth Century. We estimated rates of suicide, alcohol abuse, and probable psychiatric illness among Union Forces during the U.S. Civil War via examination of data compiled by the Union Army. White active-duty military personnel suicide rates ranged from 8.74 to 14.54 per 100,000 during the war, and surged to 30.4 the year after the war. For blacks, rates ranged from 17.7 in the first year of their entry into the war (1863), to 0 in their second year, and 1.8 in the year after the war. Rates for most other relevant domains, including chronic alcoholism, "nostalgia," and insanity, were extremely low (<1.0%) by modern day standards. Data provide contextual information on suicide and psychiatric variables for combatants during the U.S. Civil War, a brutal modern war with vastly higher casualty rates than recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

  13. Case study of a project-based learning course in civil engineering design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gavin, K.

    2011-12-01

    This paper describes the use of project-based learning to teach design skills to civil engineering students at University College Dublin (UCD). The paper first considers the development of problem-based leaning (PBL) as a tool in higher education. The general issues to be considered in the design of the curriculum for a PBL module are reviewed. Consideration of the literature on the application of PBL in civil engineering suggests that, because of the hierarchical nature of engineering education, PBL is best applied in a hybrid form known as Project Based Learning. A detailed description is given of how hybrid PBL was implemented in the final year of a civil engineering degree programme. In the final section, the results of an evaluation process designed to gain an insight into students' perceptions of the PBL process are reviewed. The module, which was developed at UCD, provided an excellent mechanism for developing many skills, including problem-solving, innovation, group-working and presentation skills desired by graduate employers. It was clear that the students enjoyed the peer to peer teaching and increased interaction with staff and external experts, which the problem-solving nature of the module facilitated.

  14. A new experience: the course of ethics in engineering in the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Granada.

    PubMed

    Gil-Martín, Luisa María; Hernández-Montes, Enrique; Segura-Naya, Armando

    2010-06-01

    A course in professional ethics for civil engineers was taught for the first time in Spain during the academic year 2007/08. In this paper a survey on the satisfaction and expectation of the course is presented. Surprisingly the students sought moral and ethical principles for their own ordinary lives as well as for their profession. Students were concerned about the law, but in their actions they were more concerned with their conscience, aware that it can be separate from the law.

  15. Airborne remote sensors applied to engineering geology and civil works design investigations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gelnett, R. H.

    1975-01-01

    The usefulness of various airborne remote sensing systems in the detection and identification of regional and specific geologic structural features that may affect the design and location of engineering structures on major civil works projects is evaluated. The Butler Valley Dam and Blue Lake Project in northern California was selected as a demonstration site. Findings derived from the interpretation of various kinds of imagery used are given.

  16. Civil engineering at the crossroads in the twenty-first century.

    PubMed

    Ramírez, Francisco; Seco, Andres

    2012-12-01

    The twenty-first century presents a major challenge for civil engineering. The magnitude and future importance of some of the problems perceived by society are directly related to the field of the civil engineer, implying an inescapable burden of responsibility for a group whose technical soundness, rational approach and efficiency is highly valued and respected by the citizen. However, the substantial changes in society and in the way it perceives the problems that it considers important call for a thorough review of our structures, both professional and educational; so that our profession, with its undeniable historical prestige, may modernize certain approaches and attitudes in order to continue to be a reliable instrument in the service of society, giving priority from an ethical standpoint to its actions in pursuit of "the public good". It possesses important tools to facilitate this work (new technologies, the development of communications, the transmission of scientific thought.···); but there is nevertheless a need for deep reflection on the very essence of civil engineering: what we want it to be in the future, and the ability and willingness to take the lead at a time when society needs disinterested messages, technically supported, reasonably presented and dispassionately transmitted.

  17. Chemical characterisation of dredged sediments in relation to their potential use in civil engineering.

    PubMed

    Zuliani, Tea; Mladenovič, Ana; Ščančar, Janez; Milačič, Radmila

    2016-04-01

    During capital and/or maintenance dredging operations, large amounts of material are produced. Instead of their discharge, dredged sediments may be a valuable natural resource if not contaminated. One of the possible areas of application is civil engineering. In the present work, the environmental status of seaport dredged sediment was evaluated in order to investigate its potential applicability as a secondary raw material. Sediments were analysed for element concentrations in digested samples, aqueous extracts and fractions from sequential extraction; for fluoride, chloride and sulphate concentrations in aqueous extracts; and for tributyltin (TBT). Granulometric and mineralogical compositions were also analysed. The elemental impact was evaluated by calculation of the enrichment factors. The total element concentrations determined showed moderate contamination of the dredged sediments as was confirmed also by their moderate enrichment factors, presumably as a result of industrial and port activities. Elemental concentrations in the aqueous extract were very low and therefore do not represent any hazard for the environment. The water-soluble element concentrations were under the threshold levels set by the EU Directive on the landfill of waste, on the basis of which the applicability of dredged sediments in civil engineering is evaluated, while the content of chloride and sulphate were above the threshold levels. It was found out that due to the large amounts of sediment available, civil engineering applications such as the construction of embankments and backfilling is the most beneficial recycling solution at present.

  18. Cardboard Engineering--Making a Force Pump.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Alan

    1994-01-01

    Describes a method for using cardboard and paper to make a pump for blowing up balloons. Includes construction diagrams, suggestions for application, and comparison of this force pump with those made commercially. (DDR)

  19. Engineering Features: Klystron Tubes and Utilidors Clear Air Force ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Engineering Features: Klystron Tubes and Utilidors - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

  20. Engineering Features Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Engineering Features - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

  1. Defining Gas Turbine Engine Performance Requirements for the Large Civil TiltRotor (LCTR2)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Snyder, Christopher A.

    2013-01-01

    Defining specific engine requirements is a critical part of identifying technologies and operational models for potential future rotary wing vehicles. NASA's Fundamental Aeronautics Program, Subsonic Rotary Wing Project has identified the Large Civil TiltRotor (LCTR) as the configuration to best meet technology goals. This notional vehicle concept has evolved with more clearly defined mission and operational requirements to the LCTR-iteration 2 (LCTR2). This paper reports on efforts to further review and refine the LCTR2 analyses to ascertain specific engine requirements and propulsion sizing criteria. The baseline mission and other design or operational requirements are reviewed. Analysis tools are described to help understand their interactions and underlying assumptions. Various design and operational conditions are presented and explained for their contribution to defining operational and engine requirements. These identified engine requirements are discussed to suggest which are most critical to the engine sizing and operation. The most-critical engine requirements are compared to in-house NASA engine simulations to try to ascertain which operational requirements define engine requirements versus points within the available engine operational capability. Finally, results are summarized with suggestions for future efforts to improve analysis capabilities, and better define and refine mission and operational requirements.

  2. Racial differences in diabetes among Union Forces during the US Civil War.

    PubMed

    Smith, Jeffrey A; Frueh, B Christopher; Campbell, Jennifer; Egede, Leonard

    2015-01-01

    Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States and disproportionately affects ethnic minorities. While research examining health disparities is well-established, an historical understanding of how the disparities evolved over time may be warranted. This article examined racial differences in prevalence of diabetes and associated mortality in Blacks and Whites during the US Civil War. Data were extracted from the Medical and Surgical History of the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865, representing segregated White and Black Union Forces who served during the war. Data were collapsed by war theater (Atlantic, Central, Pacific). Results by race show that, from 1861 to 1866, the rates of Whites diagnosed with diabetes ranged overall from 0% to .11% and was distributed throughout the war theaters as: Atlantic 0.3% to .05%; Central 0.3% to .08%, and Pacific 0% to .11%. For Blacks, Atlantic ranged from .02% to .07% and Central .03% to .06%. None were reported for Pacific. Mortality was approximately .01% for both Blacks and Whites. These data suggest no racial differences in diabetes prevalence and mortality existed between Blacks and Whites during this time, implying that disparities may have evolved more recently. PMID:25812260

  3. Internal combustion engine with balancing forces

    SciTech Connect

    Fisher, M.A.

    1990-07-10

    This patent describes an internal combustion engine of the opposed cylinder type. It comprises: a crankshaft and at least one set of pistons movably connected thereto. Each piston of the one set is reciprocally mounted within a separate corresponding cylinder and rotatably drive the crankshaft during a power stroke thereof, the one set of pistons including at least a first piston and cylinder assembly mounted on one side of the crankshaft and at least a second and a third piston and cylinder assembly mounted on the other side of the crankshaft in directly opposed relation to the first piston and cylinder assembly, each of the cylinders of the second and third piston and cylinder assemblies comprising one half the displacement volume of the cylinder of the first piston and cylinder assembly, whereby vibration of the engine is substantially reduced at all running speeds.

  4. Performance potential of an advanced technology Mach 3 turbojet engine installed on a conceptual high-speed civil transport

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morris, Shelby J., Jr.; Geiselhart, Karl A.; Coen, Peter G.

    1989-01-01

    The performance of an advanced technology conceptual turbojet optimized for a high-speed civil aircraft is presented. This information represents an estimate of performance of a Mach 3 Brayton (gas turbine) cycle engine optimized for minimum fuel burned at supersonic cruise. This conceptual engine had no noise or environmental constraints imposed upon it. The purpose of this data is to define an upper boundary on the propulsion performance for a conceptual commercial Mach 3 transport design. A comparison is presented demonstrating the impact of the technology proposed for this conceptual engine on the weight and other characteristics of a proposed high-speed civil transport. This comparison indicates that the advanced technology turbojet described could reduce the gross weight of a hypothetical Mach 3 high-speed civil transport design from about 714,000 pounds to about 545,000 pounds. The aircraft with the baseline engine and the aircraft with the advanced technology engine are described.

  5. Exploring Advanced Technology Gas Turbine Engine Design and Performance for the Large Civil Tiltrotor (LCTR)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Snyder, Christopher A.

    2014-01-01

    A Large Civil Tiltrotor (LCTR) conceptual design was developed as part of the NASA Heavy Lift Rotorcraft Systems Investigation in order to establish a consistent basis for evaluating the benefits of advanced technology for large tiltrotors. The concept has since evolved into the second-generation LCTR2, designed to carry 90 passengers for 1,000 nautical miles at 300 knots, with vertical takeoff and landing capability. This paper explores gas turbine component performance and cycle parameters to quantify performance gains possible for additional improvements in component and material performance beyond those identified in previous LCTR2 propulsion studies and to identify additional research areas. The vehicle-level characteristics from this advanced technology generation 2 propulsion architecture will help set performance levels as additional propulsion and power systems are conceived to meet ever-increasing requirements for mobility and comfort, while reducing energy use, cost, noise and emissions. The Large Civil Tiltrotor vehicle and mission will be discussed as a starting point for this effort. A few, relevant engine and component technology studies, including previous LCTR2 engine study results will be summarized to help orient the reader on gas turbine engine architecture, performance and limitations. Study assumptions and methodology used to explore engine design and performance, as well as assess vehicle sizing and mission performance will then be discussed. Individual performance for present and advanced engines, as well as engine performance effects on overall vehicle size and mission fuel usage, will be given. All results will be summarized to facilitate understanding the importance and interaction of various component and system performance on overall vehicle characteristics.

  6. Vibration-based health monitoring and model refinement of civil engineering structures

    SciTech Connect

    Farrar, C.R.; Doebling, S.W.

    1997-10-01

    Damage or fault detection, as determined by changes in the dynamic properties of structures, is a subject that has received considerable attention in the technical literature beginning approximately 30 years ago. The basic idea is that changes in the structure`s properties, primarily stiffness, will alter the dynamic properties of the structure such as resonant frequencies and mode shapes, and properties derived from these quantities such as modal-based flexibility. Recently, this technology has been investigated for applications to health monitoring of large civil engineering structures. This presentation will discuss such a study undertaken by engineers from New Mexico Sate University, Sandia National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory. Experimental modal analyses were performed in an undamaged interstate highway bridge and immediately after four successively more severe damage cases were inflicted in the main girder of the structure. Results of these tests provide insight into the abilities of modal-based damage ID methods to identify damage and the current limitations of this technology. Closely related topics that will be discussed are the use of modal properties to validate computer models of the structure, the use of these computer models in the damage detection process, and the general lack of experimental investigation of large civil engineering structures.

  7. Infrared Emissivity Measurements of Building and Civil Engineering Materials: A New Device for Measuring Emissivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monchau, Jean-Pierre; Marchetti, Mario; Ibos, Laurent; Dumoulin, Jean; Feuillet, Vincent; Candau, Yves

    2014-10-01

    The knowledge of the infrared emissivity of materials used in buildings and civil engineering structures is useful for two specific approaches. First, quantitative diagnosis of buildings or civil engineering infrastructures by infrared thermography requires emissivity values in the spectral bandwidth of the camera used for measurements, in order to obtain accurate surface temperatures; for instance, emissivity in the band III domain is required when using cameras with uncooled detectors (such as micro-bolometer arrays). Second, setting up accurate thermal balances by numerical modeling requires the total emissivity value for a large wavelength domain; this is, for instance, the case for computing the road surface temperature to predict ice occurrence. Furthermore, periodical surveys of emissivity variations due to aging or soiling of surfaces could be useful in many situations such as thermal mapping of roads or building insulation diagnosis. The use of portable emissivity measurement devices is required for that purpose. A device using an indirect measurement method was previously developed in our lab; the method uses measurement of the reflectivity from a modulated IR source and requires calibration with a highly reflective surface. However, that device uses a low-frequency, thermal modulation well adapted to laboratory measurements but unfit for fast and in situ measurements. Therefore, a new, portable system which retains the principle of an indirect measurement but uses a faster-frequency, mechanical modulation more appropriate to outdoor measurements was developed. Both devices allow measurements in the broad m to m) and narrow m to m) bands. Experiments were performed on a large number of materials commonly used in buildings and civil engineering structures. The final objective of this work is to build a database of emissivity of these materials. A comparison of laboratory and on-site measurements of emissivity values obtained in both spectral bands will be

  8. 29. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    29. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. 19508 RENOVATION OF FIRST FLOOR, CENTRAL PORTION. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  9. 28. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    28. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. AIR COOLED TEST STAND. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  10. 25. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. ELEVATIONS, RIGHT AND LEFT PORTIONS, TEST CELLS 5-12. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  11. 17. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. BASEMENT FLOOR PLAN, RIGHT AND LEFT END PORTIONS, TEST CELLS 5-12. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  12. 27. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    27. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. CROSS-SECTION, RIGHT AND LEFT END PORTIONS, TEST CELLS 5-12. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  13. 23. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. THIRD FLOOR AND ROOF PLAN, RIGHT AND LEFT END PORTIONS, TEST CELLS 5-12. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  14. 26. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. CROSS-SECTION, CENTRAL PORTION AND TEST CELLS 1-4. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  15. 22. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. THIRD FLOOR AND ROOF PLAN, CENTRAL PORTION AND TEST CELLS 1-4. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  16. 20. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. SECOND FLOOR PLAN, CENTRAL PORTION AND TEST CELLS 1-4. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  17. 18. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. FIRST FLOOR PLAN, CENTRAL PORTION AND TEST CELLS 1-4. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  18. 24. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. ELEVATIONS, CENTRAL PORTION AND TEST CELLS 1-4. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  19. 19. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. FIRST FLOOR PLAN, RIGHT AND LEFT END PORTIONS, TEST CELLS 5-12. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  20. 16. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. BASEMENT FLOOR PLAN, CENTRAL PORTION AND TEST CELLS 1-4. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  1. 21. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Photocopy of engineering drawing, May, 1941 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air Force Base, Civil Engineering Building, Civil Engineering vault). ENGINE TEST CELL BUILDING. SECOND FLOOR PLAN, RIGHT AND LEFT END PORTIONS, TEST CELLS 5-12. - Fairchild Air Force Base, Engine Test Cell Building, Near intersection of Arnold Street & George Avenue, Spokane, Spokane County, WA

  2. Design of the Curriculum for a Second-Cycle Course in Civil Engineering in the Context of the Bologna Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gavin, K. G.

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the design of the curriculum for a Master of Engineering programme in civil engineering at University College Dublin. The revised programme was established to meet the requirements of the Bologna process and this paper specifically considers the design of a new, second-cycle master's component of the programme. In addition to…

  3. 75 FR 2463 - Continuing Contract for Civil Works Project Managed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-15

    ... Department of the Army 48 CFR Parts 5132, 5136, and 5152 RIN 0710-AA69 Continuing Contract for Civil Works Project Managed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers Clauses AGENCY: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION: Proposed rule; request for comments. SUMMARY: The U.S. Army Corps...

  4. Free vibration analysis of civil engineering structures by component-wise models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carrera, Erasmo; Pagani, Alfonso

    2014-09-01

    Higher-order beam models are used in this paper to carry out free vibration analysis of civil engineering structures. Refined kinematic fields are developed using the Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF), which allows for the implementation of any-order theory without the need for ad hoc formulations. The principle of virtual displacements in conjunction with the finite element method (FEM) is used to formulate stiffness and mass matrices in terms of fundamental nuclei. The nuclei depend neither on the adopted class of beam theory nor on the FEM approximation along the beam axis. This paper focuses on a particular class of CUF models that makes use of Lagrange polynomials to discretize cross-sectional displacement variables. This class of models are referred to as component-wise (CW) in recent works. According to the CW approach, each structural component (e.g. columns, walls, frame members, and floors) can be modeled by means of the same 1D formulation. A number of typical civil engineering structures (e.g. simple beams, arches, truss structures, and complete industrial and civil buildings) are analyzed and CW results are compared to classical beam theories (Euler-Bernoulli and Timoshenko), refined beam models based on Taylor-like expansions of the displacements on the cross-section, and classical solid/shell FEM solutions from the commercial code MSC Nastran. The results highlight the enhanced capabilities of the proposed formulation. It is in fact demonstrated that CW models are able to replicate 3D solid results with very low computational efforts.

  5. Image-based dynamic deformation monitoring of civil engineering structures from long ranges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ehrhart, Matthias; Lienhart, Werner

    2015-02-01

    In this paper, we report on the vibration and displacement monitoring of civil engineering structures using a state of the art image assisted total station (IATS) and passive target markings. By utilizing the telescope camera of the total station, it is possible to capture video streams in real time with 10fps and an angular resolution of approximately 2″/px. Due to the high angular resolution resulting from the 30x optical magnification of the telescope, large distances to the object to be monitored are possible. The laser distance measurement unit integrated in the total station allows to precisely set the camera's focus position and to relate the angular quantities gained from image processing to units of length. To accurately measure the vibrations and displacements of civil engineering structures, we use circular target markings rigidly attached to the object. The computation of the targets' centers is performed by a least squares adjustment of an ellipse according to the Gauß-Helmert model from which the parameters of the ellipse and their standard deviations are derived. In laboratory experiments, we show that movements can be detected with an accuracy of better than 0.2mm for single frames and distances up to 30m. For static applications, where many video frames can be averaged, accuracies of better than 0.05mm are possible. In a field test on a life-size footbridge, we compare the vibrations measured by the IATS to reference values derived from accelerometer measurements.

  6. A Review of Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors for Civil Engineering Applications

    PubMed Central

    Barrias, António; Casas, Joan R.; Villalba, Sergi

    2016-01-01

    The application of structural health monitoring (SHM) systems to civil engineering structures has been a developing studied and practiced topic, that has allowed for a better understanding of structures’ conditions and increasingly lead to a more cost-effective management of those infrastructures. In this field, the use of fiber optic sensors has been studied, discussed and practiced with encouraging results. The possibility of understanding and monitor the distributed behavior of extensive stretches of critical structures it’s an enormous advantage that distributed fiber optic sensing provides to SHM systems. In the past decade, several R & D studies have been performed with the goal of improving the knowledge and developing new techniques associated with the application of distributed optical fiber sensors (DOFS) in order to widen the range of applications of these sensors and also to obtain more correct and reliable data. This paper presents, after a brief introduction to the theoretical background of DOFS, the latest developments related with the improvement of these products by presenting a wide range of laboratory experiments as well as an extended review of their diverse applications in civil engineering structures. PMID:27223289

  7. Application of fiber optic distributed sensor for strain measurement in civil engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurashima, Toshio; Usu, Tomonori; Tanaka, Kuniaki; Nobiki, Atsushi; Sato, Masashi; Nakai, Kenji

    1997-11-01

    We report on civil engineering applications of a fiber optic distributed strain sensor. It consists of a sensing fiber and a high performance optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR), for measuring both strain and optical loss distribution along optical fibers by accessing only one end of the fiber. The OTDR can measure distributed strain with an accuracy of better than +/- 60 X 10-6 and a high spatial resolution of up to 1 m over a 10 km long fiber. In model experiments using the OTDR, we measured the strain changes in fibers attached to the surface of a concrete test beam. The performance of the fiber strain sensor was tested by measuring the strain distribution in optical fibers and comparing the results with resistance strain gage measurements for several loads. We found that the two sets of results were similar, and in addition, we demonstrated experimentally that the sensor was able to measure an induced strain change of less than 100 by 10-6, which is nearly the elastic limit of the concrete material. These results show the potential of the OTDR to extend the application of monitoring systems to such areas as large building diagnostics for civil engineering.

  8. A Review of Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors for Civil Engineering Applications.

    PubMed

    Barrias, António; Casas, Joan R; Villalba, Sergi

    2016-01-01

    The application of structural health monitoring (SHM) systems to civil engineering structures has been a developing studied and practiced topic, that has allowed for a better understanding of structures' conditions and increasingly lead to a more cost-effective management of those infrastructures. In this field, the use of fiber optic sensors has been studied, discussed and practiced with encouraging results. The possibility of understanding and monitor the distributed behavior of extensive stretches of critical structures it's an enormous advantage that distributed fiber optic sensing provides to SHM systems. In the past decade, several R & D studies have been performed with the goal of improving the knowledge and developing new techniques associated with the application of distributed optical fiber sensors (DOFS) in order to widen the range of applications of these sensors and also to obtain more correct and reliable data. This paper presents, after a brief introduction to the theoretical background of DOFS, the latest developments related with the improvement of these products by presenting a wide range of laboratory experiments as well as an extended review of their diverse applications in civil engineering structures. PMID:27223289

  9. A Review of Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors for Civil Engineering Applications.

    PubMed

    Barrias, António; Casas, Joan R; Villalba, Sergi

    2016-05-23

    The application of structural health monitoring (SHM) systems to civil engineering structures has been a developing studied and practiced topic, that has allowed for a better understanding of structures' conditions and increasingly lead to a more cost-effective management of those infrastructures. In this field, the use of fiber optic sensors has been studied, discussed and practiced with encouraging results. The possibility of understanding and monitor the distributed behavior of extensive stretches of critical structures it's an enormous advantage that distributed fiber optic sensing provides to SHM systems. In the past decade, several R & D studies have been performed with the goal of improving the knowledge and developing new techniques associated with the application of distributed optical fiber sensors (DOFS) in order to widen the range of applications of these sensors and also to obtain more correct and reliable data. This paper presents, after a brief introduction to the theoretical background of DOFS, the latest developments related with the improvement of these products by presenting a wide range of laboratory experiments as well as an extended review of their diverse applications in civil engineering structures.

  10. Utilization of electromigration in civil and environmental engineering--processes, transport rates and matrix changes.

    PubMed

    Ottosen, Lisbeth M; Christensen, Iben V; Rorig-Dalgård, Inge; Jensen, Pernille E; Hansen, Henrik K

    2008-07-01

    Electromigration (movement of ions in an applied electric field) is utilized for supply or extraction of ions from various porous materials within both civil and environmental engineering. In civil engineering, most research has been conducted on the removal of chlorides from concrete to hinder reinforcement corrosion while in environmental engineering remediation of heavy metal polluted soil is the issue most studied. Never the less, experiments have been conducted with utilization for several other materials and purposes within both engineering fields. Even though there are many topics of common interest in the use of electromigration for the two fields, there is no tradition for collaboration. The present paper is a review with the aim of pointing out areas of shared interest. Focus is laid on the purposes of the different processes, transport rates of various ions in different materials and on changes in the matrix itself. Desorption and dissolution of the target elements into ionic form is a key issue to most of the processes, and can be the limiting step. The removal rate is generally below 1 cm day(- 1), but it can be much less than 1 mm day(- 1) when desorption is slow and insufficient. Matrix changes occurs under the action of the applied electric field and it includes both physico-chemical and hydrological changes. Some of the solid phases is weathered and new can be formed. Increased fundamental understanding of the effects and side effects, when applying the electric field to a porous material, can lead to improvement of the known technologies and possibly to new applications.

  11. GPR applications in Civil Engineering in Spain - state-of-the-art

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pérez Gracia, Vega; Solla, Mercedes; Santos-Assunçao, Sonia; Lorenzo, Henrique

    2014-05-01

    GPR was introduced in Spain in 1990, and the first significant work was the PhD thesis of H. Lorenzo in 1994. Due to its versatile applicability, the employ has been increased and actually, GPR is extensively used in detection of pipes, wiring and urban services mainly. During the last years, this method was also widely utilized in the detection of graves from the civil war and in forensic studies, with irregular results. It was also commonly applied in archaeology. Actually exists more than 20 private companies offering geotechnical services by means of GPR. Also, several public institutions as Universities and Research Institutes base part of their research in GPR or in GPR applications. Notwithstanding, no training courses of specific formation on GPR is offered, but in several doctorate programs it is possible to work with GPR. Also, in many schools, GPR is part of the geophysical formation of graduate students. However, no national guidelines and rules exist, and each company defines the investigation protocols. Nevertheless, one of the aims of the Comisión Española de Geodesia y Geofísica (Spanish Committee for Geodesy and Geophysics) is to define guidelines for the GPR studies. Probably, the existence of national guidelines or perhaps European guidelines could be the most effective way to promote the responsible use of GPR in different domains. On the other hand, perhaps recommendations on the use of combined methodologies could be a practical way to persuade in the application of geophysical non-destructive technologies. The CEDEX, Centro de Estudios y Experimentación de Obras Públicas (Center for Studies and Experimentation in Civil Engineering), which is a civil engineering research agency in Spain, offers different test sites to calibrate and evaluate the method. It is an autonomous organization, organically ascribed at present to the Ministry of Fomento, and functionally ascribed to the Ministries of Fomento and Medioambiente of Spain, giving

  12. Strain properties analysis and wireless collection system of PVDF for structural local health monitoring of civil engineering structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Yan; Wang, Yang; Dong, Weijie; Jin, Yajing; Ou, Jinping

    2009-07-01

    For large civil engineering structures and base establishments, for example, bridges, super-high buildings, long-span space structures, offshore platforms and pipe systems of water & gas supply, their lives are up to a few decades or centuries. Damaged by environmental loads, fatigue effects, corrosion effects and material aging, these structures experience inevitably such side effects as damage accumulation, resistance reduction and even accidents. The traditional civil structure is a kind of passive one, whose performance and status are unpredictable to a great extent, but the informatics' introduction breaks a new path to obtain the status of the structure, thus it is an important research direction to evaluate and improve reliability of civil structures by the use of monitoring and health diagnosis technique, and this also assures the security of service for civil engineering structures. Smart material structure, originated from the aerospace sector, has been a research hotspot in civil engineering, medicine, shipping, and so on. For structural health monitoring of civil engineering, the research about high-performance sensing unit of smart material structure is very important, and this will possibly push further the development and application of monitoring and health diagnosis techniques. At present, piezoelectric materials are one of the most widely used sensing materials among the research of smart material structures. As one of the piezoelectric materials, PVDF(Polyvinylidene Fluoride)film is widely considered for the advantages of low cost, good mechanical ability, high sensibility, the ability of being easily placed and resistance of corrosion. However, only a few studies exit about building a mature monitoring system using PVDF. In this paper, for the sake of using PVDF for sensing unit for structural local monitoring of civil engineering, the strain sensing properties of PVDF are studied in detail. Firstly, the operating mechanism of PVDF is analyzed

  13. Ten Engineers Reading: Disjunctions between Preference and Practice in Civil Engineering Faculty Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Summer Smith; Patton, Martha D.

    2006-01-01

    Previous research has indicated that engineering faculty do not follow best practices when commenting on students' technical writing. However, it is unclear whether the faculty prefer to comment in these ineffective ways, or whether they prefer more effective practices but simply do not enact them. This study adapts a well known study of response…

  14. Knowledge, attitude and practices for design for safety: A study on civil & structural engineers.

    PubMed

    Goh, Yang Miang; Chua, Sijie

    2016-08-01

    Design for safety (DfS) (also known as prevention through design, safe design and Construction (Design and Management)) promotes early consideration of safety and health hazards during the design phase of a construction project. With early intervention, hazards can be more effectively eliminated or controlled leading to safer worksites and construction processes. DfS is practiced in many countries, including Australia, the UK, and Singapore. In Singapore, the Manpower Ministry enacted the DfS Regulations in July 2015, which will be enforced from August 2016 onwards. Due to the critical role of civil and structural (C&S) engineers during design and construction, the DfS knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of C&S engineers have significant impact on the successful implementation of DfS. Thus, this study aims to explore the DfS KAP of C&S engineers so as to guide further research in measuring and improving DfS KAP of designers. During the study, it was found that there is a lack of KAP studies in construction management. Therefore, this study also aims to provide useful lessons for future applications of the KAP framework in construction management research. A questionnaire was developed to assess the DfS KAP of C&S engineers. The responses provided by 43 C&S engineers were analyzed. In addition, interviews with experienced construction professionals were carried out to further understand perceptions of DfS and related issues. The results suggest that C&S engineers are supportive of DfS, but the level of DfS knowledge and practices need to be improved. More DfS guidelines and training should be made available to the engineers. To ensure that DfS can be implemented successfully, there is a need to study the contractual arrangements between clients and designers and the effectiveness of different implementation approaches for the DfS process. The questionnaire and findings in this study provided the foundation for a baseline survey with larger sample size, which is

  15. Human engineering analysis for the high speed civil transport flight deck

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Regal, David M.; Alter, Keith W.

    1993-01-01

    The Boeing Company is investigating the feasibility of building a second generation supersonic transport. If current studies support its viability, this airplane, known as the High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT), could be launched early in the next century. The HSCT will cruise at Mach 2.4, be over 300 feet long, have an initial range of between 5000 and 6000 NM, and carry approximately 300 passengers. We are presently involved in developing an advanced flight deck for the HSCT. As part of this effort we are undertaking a human engineering analysis that involves a top-down, mission driven approach that will allow a systematic determination of flight deck functional and information requirements. The present paper describes this work.

  16. Low-coherence interferometry for the monitoring of civil engineering structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Inaudi, Daniele; Elamari, Adil; Vurpillot, Samuel

    1994-09-01

    A measuring system adapted to the needs of civil engineering structural monitoring is presented. It is based on low coherence interferometry in standard singlemode fibers and has a resolution of 5 micrometers , an operational range of 7 cm, stability over long periods (at least 1 year) and insensitivity to variations of the fiber losses. The portable reading unit doesn't need to be connected to the sensing fibers permanently and can thus be used to monitor multiple structures reducing the costs of the instrumentation. This paper presents the operating principle of this system and different techniques used to install the sensing fibers in large concrete structures, timber and mixed timber-concrete structures as well as on metals.

  17. Civil liability in the field of biomedical engineering and medical physics.

    PubMed

    Deutsch, E; Fischer, G

    1982-01-01

    The article deals with the protection the law provides against risks emanating from the use of biomedical equipment. After a brief discussion of public safety regulations, it turns to civil liability for damages involving patients or other persons. Doctors and hospitals using or failing to use biomedical equipment can be held liable for negligent conduct only. The standards of care to be observed in biomedical engineering are thus explained, as is the correct use of the equipment, the safety precautions to be taken, and the expertise of the operator. Another very important subject of the article is the liability of the manufacturers of biomedical equipment. Finally, the extremely difficult question is discussed as to what extent doctors and hospitals are obliged to acquire new but very expensive equipment, and what are the economic limits of this obligation.

  18. Methodology to improve design of accelerated life tests in civil engineering projects.

    PubMed

    Lin, Jing; Yuan, Yongbo; Zhou, Jilai; Gao, Jie

    2014-01-01

    For reliability testing an Energy Expansion Tree (EET) and a companion Energy Function Model (EFM) are proposed and described in this paper. Different from conventional approaches, the EET provides a more comprehensive and objective way to systematically identify external energy factors affecting reliability. The EFM introduces energy loss into a traditional Function Model to identify internal energy sources affecting reliability. The combination creates a sound way to enumerate the energies to which a system may be exposed during its lifetime. We input these energies into planning an accelerated life test, a Multi Environment Over Stress Test. The test objective is to discover weak links and interactions among the system and the energies to which it is exposed, and design them out. As an example, the methods are applied to the pipe in subsea pipeline. However, they can be widely used in other civil engineering industries as well. The proposed method is compared with current methods.

  19. Noise emission of civil and military aero-engines. Sources of generation and measures for attenuation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grieb, H.; Heinig, K.

    1986-09-01

    It is shown that noise reduction on high bypass ratio turbofans for civil airliners is well established. The noise levels achieved meet the internationally agreed regulations (FAR 36). The same holds true for large military transport aircraft. Helicopter noise is caused essentially by the main and tail rotors. Noise reduction on afterburner and dry engines for combat and strike aircraft, which represent the major noise annoyance to the public, is very difficult because: high specific thrust is mandatory for aircraft performance and effectiveness; jet noise with and without afterburning is predominant; and the design of the reheat section and final (variable) nozzle in practice precludes the application of known concepts for jet noise attenuation in dry and reheated operation.

  20. An empirical exploration of metacognitive assessment activities in a third-year civil engineering hydraulics course

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meyer, Jan H. F.; Knight, David B.; Callaghan, David P.; Baldock, Tom E.

    2015-05-01

    Threshold concepts are transformative, integrative, and provocative; understanding these difficult concepts allows students to be capable of solving advanced problems. This investigation and evaluation of a metacognitive curricular approach explore variation in students' and teachers' discernment of structural complexity of concepts and its potential for enhancing students' learning and conceptual understanding of threshold concepts. Three trials of a metacognitive assessment activity administered to two cohorts of a civil engineering course (n = 276 and n = 264) were investigated. Students were presented with several answers (varying in structural complexity) to a question about a threshold concept and asked to mark each response. Quantitative analyses compared students' and teachers' marking schemes within and across trials, and qualitative analyses explored students' written reflections following the activity. Students' justifications for their marking schemes, their reflections on the activity's usefulness, and the convergence of students' and teachers' marking schemes suggest that the activity supported deep forms of student learning.

  1. Simulation of ultrasonic arrays for industrial and civil engineering applications including validation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spies, M.; Rieder, H.; Orth, Th.; Maack, S.

    2012-05-01

    In this contribution we address the beam field simulation of 2D ultrasonic arrays using the Generalized Point Source Synthesis technique. Aiming at the inspection of cylindrical components (e.g. pipes) the influence of concave and convex surface curvatures, respectively, has been evaluated for a commercial probe. We have compared these results with those obtained using a commercial simulation tool. In civil engineering, the ultrasonic inspection of highly attenuating concrete structures has been advanced by the development of dry contact point transducers, mainly applied in array arrangements. Our respective simulations for a widely used commercial probe are validated using experimental results acquired on concrete half-spheres with diameters from 200 mm up to 650 mm.

  2. Methodology to Improve Design of Accelerated Life Tests in Civil Engineering Projects

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Jing; Yuan, Yongbo; Zhou, Jilai; Gao, Jie

    2014-01-01

    For reliability testing an Energy Expansion Tree (EET) and a companion Energy Function Model (EFM) are proposed and described in this paper. Different from conventional approaches, the EET provides a more comprehensive and objective way to systematically identify external energy factors affecting reliability. The EFM introduces energy loss into a traditional Function Model to identify internal energy sources affecting reliability. The combination creates a sound way to enumerate the energies to which a system may be exposed during its lifetime. We input these energies into planning an accelerated life test, a Multi Environment Over Stress Test. The test objective is to discover weak links and interactions among the system and the energies to which it is exposed, and design them out. As an example, the methods are applied to the pipe in subsea pipeline. However, they can be widely used in other civil engineering industries as well. The proposed method is compared with current methods. PMID:25111800

  3. Coaxial/cylindrical transition line for broadband permittivity measurement of civil engineering materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adous, M.; Quéffélec, P.; Laguerre, L.

    2006-08-01

    A one-port coaxial/cylindrical transition line is considered for the broadband complex permittivity measurement of civil engineering materials. Cylindrical samples of heterogeneous material with large aggregate dimensions (up to 25 mm) can be measured over a frequency range from 50 MHz to 1.6 GHz. The choice of this line technology results in the simplification of the sample machining and enhancement in the high frequency limit, in comparison to the classical coaxial line technology. From a mode-matching technique, the relation between the material complex permittivity and the reflection coefficient at the coaxial/cylindrical transition is obtained including axisymmetric higher order modes excited at the transition. Once the line is calibrated using a specific calibration kit, complex permittivities are retrieved from an iterative optimization procedure. Preliminary results obtained for a set of bituminous concrete samples with different porosities and natures of rock aggregates are shown.

  4. The Economics of van der Waals Force Engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pinto, Fabrizio

    2008-01-01

    As micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) fabrication continues on an ever-decreasing scale, new technological challenges must be successfully negotiated if Moore's Law is to be an even approximately valid model of the future of device miniaturization. Among the most significant obstacles is the existence of strong surface forces related to quantum mechanical van der Waals interatomic interactions, which rapidly diverge as the distance between any two neutral boundaries decreases. The van der Waals force is a contributing factor in several device failures and limitations, including, for instance, stiction and oscillator non-linearities. In the last decade, however, it has been conclusively shown that van der Waals forces are not just a MEMS limitation but can be engineered in both magnitude and sign so as to enable classes of proprietary inventions which either deliver novel capabilities or improve upon existing ones. The evolution of van der Waals force research from an almost exclusively theoretical field in quantum-electro-dynamics to an enabling nanotechnology discipline represents a useful example of the ongoing paradigm shift from government-centered to private-capital funded R&D in cutting-edge physics leading to potentially profitable products. In this paper, we discuss the reasons van der Waals force engineering may lead to the creation of thriving markets both in the short and medium terms by highlighting technical challenges that can be competitively addressed by this novel approach. We also discuss some notable obstacles to the cultural transformation of the academic research community required for the emergence of a functional van der Waals force engineering industry worldwide.

  5. Cement-based piezoelectric ceramic composites for sensor applications in civil engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Biqin

    The objectives of this thesis are to develop and apply a new smart composite for the sensing and actuation application of civil engineering. Piezoelectric ceramic powder is incorporated into cement-based composite to achieve the sensing and actuation capability. The research investigates microstructure, polarization and aging, material properties and performance of cement-based piezoelectric ceramic composites both theoretically and experimentally. A hydrogen bonding is found at the interface of piezoelectric ceramic powder and cement phase by IR (Infrared Ray), XPS (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy) and SIMS (Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy). It largely affects the material properties of composites. A simple first order model is introduced to explain the poling mechanism of composites and the dependency of polarization is discussed using electromechanical coupling coefficient kt. The mechanisms acting on the aging effect is explored in detail. Dielectrical, piezoelectric and mechanical properties of the cement-based piezoelectric ceramic composites are studied by experiment and theoretical calculation based on modified cube model (n=1) with chemical bonding . A complex circuit model is proposed to explain the unique feature of impedance spectra and the instinct of high-loss of cement-based piezoelectric ceramic composite. The sensing ability of cement-based piezoelectric ceramic composite has been evaluated by using step wave, sine wave, and random wave. It shows that the output of the composite can reflects the nature and characteristics of mechanical input. The work in this thesis opens a new direction for the current actuation/sensing technology in civil engineering. The materials and techniques, developed in this work, have a great potential in application of health monitoring of buildings and infrastructures.

  6. Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar: Research Perspectives in COST Action TU1208

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pajewski, Lara; Benedetto, Andrea; Loizos, Andreas; Slob, Evert; Tosti, Fabio

    2013-04-01

    Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a safe, non-destructive and non-invasive imaging technique that can be effectively used for advanced inspection of composite structures and for diagnostics affecting the whole life-cycle of civil engineering works. GPR provides high resolution images of structures and subsurface through wide-band electromagnetic waves. It can be employed for the surveying of roads, pavements, bridges, tunnels, for detecting underground cavities and voids, for utility sensing, for the inspection of buildings, reinforced concrete and pre-cast concrete structures, for geotechnical investigation, in foundation design, as well as for several other purposes. Penetration and resolution of GPR depend primarily on the transmitting frequency of the equipment, the antenna characteristics, the electrical properties of the ground or of the surveyed material, and the contrasting electrical properties of the targets with respect to the surrounding medium. Generally there is a direct relationship between the transmitter frequency and the resolution that can be obtained; conversely there is an inverse relationship between frequency and penetration depth. GPR works best in dry ground environments, but can also give good results in wet, saturated materials; it does not work well in saline conditions, in high-conductivity media and through dense clays which limit signal penetration. Different approaches can be employed in the processing of collected GPR data. Once data have been processed, they still have to be analysed. This is a challenging problem, since interpretation of GPR radargrams is typically non-intuitive and considerable expertise is needed. In the presence of a complex scenario, an accurate electromagnetic forward solver is a fundamental tool for the validation of data interpretation. It can be employed for the characterization of scenarios, as a preliminary step that precedes a survey, or to gain a posteriori a better understanding of measured data. It

  7. An Evaluation of a State-Wide Mastery Learning Project in Civil Engineering Technology: Was It Worth It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strasler, Gregg M.; And Others

    Project CIVTEC was conducted through the Columbia, South Carolina State Board for Technical and Comprehensive Education in cooperation with the National Science Foundation and has developed an individualized instructional approach, based on mastery learning, for eleven core curriculum courses in Civil Engineering Technology. The basic format for…

  8. Incorporating a Systems Approach into Civil and Environmental Engineering Curricula: Effect on Course Redesign, and Student and Faculty Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayden, Nancy J.; Rizzo, Donna M.; Dewoolkar, Mandar M.; Neumann, Maureen D.; Lathem, Sandra; Sadek, Adel

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a brief overview of the changes made during our department level reform (DLR) process (Grant Title: "A Systems Approach for Civil and Environmental Engineering Education: Integrating Systems Thinking, Inquiry-Based Learning and Catamount Community Service-Learning Projects") and some of the effects of these changes on…

  9. Winning the Popularity Contest: Researcher Preference When Selecting Resources for Civil Engineering, Computer Science, Mathematics and Physics Dissertations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dotson, Daniel S.; Franks, Tina P.

    2015-01-01

    More than 53,000 citations from 609 dissertations published at The Ohio State University between 1998-2012 representing four science disciplines--civil engineering, computer science, mathematics and physics--were examined to determine what, if any, preferences or trends exist. This case study seeks to identify whether or not researcher preferences…

  10. An Analysis of Female Lecturers' Participation in Civil Engineering Research and Development Activities at One Polytechnic in Zimbabwe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chikuvadze, Pinias; Matswetu, Vimbai Sharon; Mugijima, Samuel

    2015-01-01

    This study sought to explore female lecturers' participation in civil engineering research and development activities at one polytechnic in Zimbabwe. Case study design was chosen for this study to make predictions, narration of events, comparisons and drawing of conclusions. The female lecturers were purposively sampled to participate in the…

  11. Web application to access U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works and Restoration Projects information for the Rio Grande Basin, southern Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Archuleta, Christy-Ann M.; Eames, Deanna R.

    2009-01-01

    The Rio Grande Civil Works and Restoration Projects Web Application, developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Albuquerque District, is designed to provide publicly available information through the Internet about civil works and restoration projects in the Rio Grande Basin. Since 1942, USACE Albuquerque District responsibilities have included building facilities for the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, providing flood protection, supplying water for power and public recreation, participating in fire remediation, protecting and restoring wetlands and other natural resources, and supporting other government agencies with engineering, contracting, and project management services. In the process of conducting this vast array of engineering work, the need arose for easily tracking the locations of and providing information about projects to stakeholders and the public. This fact sheet introduces a Web application developed to enable users to visualize locations and search for information about USACE (and some other Federal, State, and local) projects in the Rio Grande Basin in southern Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas.

  12. A preliminary study on the integral relationship between critical thinking and mathematical thinking among practicing civil engineers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osman, Sharifah; Mohammad, Shahrin; Abu, Mohd Salleh

    2015-05-01

    Mathematics and engineering are inexorably and significantly linked and essentially required in analyzing and accessing thought to make good judgment when dealing in complex and varied engineering problems. A study in the current engineering education curriculum to explore how the critical thinking and mathematical thinking relates to one another, is therefore timely crucial. Unfortunately, there is not much information available explicating about the link. This paper aims to report findings of a critical review as well as to provide brief description of an on-going research aimed to investigate the dispositions of critical thinking and the relationship and integration between critical thinking and mathematical thinking during the execution of civil engineering tasks. The first part of the paper reports an in-depth review on these matters based on rather limited resources. The review showed a considerable form of congruency between these two perspectives of thinking, with some prevalent trends of engineering workplace tasks, problems and challenges. The second part describes an on-going research to be conducted by the researcher to investigate rigorously the relationship and integration between these two types of thinking within the perspective of civil engineering tasks. A reasonably close non-participant observations and semi-structured interviews will be executed for the pilot and main stages of the study. The data will be analyzed using constant comparative analysis in which the grounded theory methodology will be adopted. The findings will serve as a useful grounding for constructing a substantive theory revealing the integral relationship between critical thinking and mathematical thinking in the real civil engineering practice context. The substantive theory, from an angle of view, is expected to contribute some additional useful information to the engineering program outcomes and engineering education instructions, aligns with the expectations of

  13. Direct thrust force measurement of pulse detonation engine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wahid, Mazlan Abdul; Faiz, M. Z. Ahmad; Saqr, Khalid M.

    2012-06-01

    In this paper we present the result of High-Speed Reacting Flow Laboratory (HiREF) pulse detonation engine (PDE) experimental study on direct thrust measurement. The thrust force generated by the repetitive detonation from a 50 mm inner diameter and 600 mm length tube was directly measured using load cell. Shchelkin spiral was used as an accelerator for the Deflagration to Detonation Transition (DDT) phenomenon. Propane-oxygen at stoichiometric condition was used as the combustible fuel-air mixture for the PDE. The PDE was operated at the operation frequency of 3Hz during the test. The amount of thrust force that was measured during the test reaching up to 70N. These values of thrust force were found to be fluctuating and its combustion phenomenon has been analyzed and discussed.

  14. A STUDY ON THE CURRENT STATE CONCERNING MAINTENANCE AND IMPROVEMENT OF HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT AND ON THE ROLE EXPECTED OF HISTORICAL STUDIES IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abe, Takahiro; Kitagawa, Daijiro; Wakisaka, Ryuichi

    The demand for practical use of civil engineering heritages in the field of city planning and community development has been rapidly increased since the enactment and the enforcement of the Law on the Maintenance and Improvement of Historic Landscape in a Community in 2008. The purpose of this study was to clarify the role expected of historical studies in civil engineering in these fields in order to respond to the demand. In this study, authorized local plans for maintenance and improvement of historic landscape were analyzed in detail from the viewpoint of civil engineering. Also, problems in implementing the plans were carefully examined based on a questionnaire survey to the persons in charge. As a result, it was understood that studies on comprehensive evaluation for historical urban structure and on practical technique for conserving and utilizing civil engineering heritages were especially required for the historical studies in civil engineering.

  15. Conceptual Design of a Two Spool Compressor for the NASA Large Civil Tilt Rotor Engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Veres, Joseph P.; Thurman, Douglas R.

    2010-01-01

    This paper focuses on the conceptual design of a two spool compressor for the NASA Large Civil Tilt Rotor engine, which has a design-point pressure ratio goal of 30:1 and an inlet weight flow of 30.0 lbm/sec. The compressor notional design requirements of pressure ratio and low-pressure compressor (LPC) and high pressure ratio compressor (HPC) work split were based on a previous engine system study to meet the mission requirements of the NASA Subsonic Rotary Wing Projects Large Civil Tilt Rotor vehicle concept. Three mean line compressor design and flow analysis codes were utilized for the conceptual design of a two-spool compressor configuration. This study assesses the technical challenges of design for various compressor configuration options to meet the given engine cycle results. In the process of sizing, the technical challenges of the compressor became apparent as the aerodynamics were taken into consideration. Mechanical constraints were considered in the study such as maximum rotor tip speeds and conceptual sizing of rotor disks and shafts. The rotor clearance-to-span ratio in the last stage of the LPC is 1.5% and in the last stage of the HPC is 2.8%. Four different configurations to meet the HPC requirements were studied, ranging from a single stage centrifugal, two axi-centrifugals, and all axial stages. Challenges of the HPC design include the high temperature (1,560deg R) at the exit which could limit the maximum allowable peripheral tip speed for centrifugals, and is dependent on material selection. The mean line design also resulted in the definition of the flow path geometry of the axial and centrifugal compressor stages, rotor and stator vane angles, velocity components, and flow conditions at the leading and trailing edges of each blade row at the hub, mean and tip. A mean line compressor analysis code was used to estimate the compressor performance maps at off-design speeds and to determine the required variable geometry reset schedules of the

  16. Landsat 8 Multispectral and Pansharpened Imagery Processing on the Study of Civil Engineering Issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lazaridou, M. A.; Karagianni, A. Ch.

    2016-06-01

    Scientific and professional interests of civil engineering mainly include structures, hydraulics, geotechnical engineering, environment, and transportation issues. Topics included in the context of the above may concern urban environment issues, urban planning, hydrological modelling, study of hazards and road construction. Land cover information contributes significantly on the study of the above subjects. Land cover information can be acquired effectively by visual image interpretation of satellite imagery or after applying enhancement routines and also by imagery classification. The Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM - Landsat 8) is the latest satellite in Landsat series, launched in February 2013. Landsat 8 medium spatial resolution multispectral imagery presents particular interest in extracting land cover, because of the fine spectral resolution, the radiometric quantization of 12bits, the capability of merging the high resolution panchromatic band of 15 meters with multispectral imagery of 30 meters as well as the policy of free data. In this paper, Landsat 8 multispectral and panchromatic imageries are being used, concerning surroundings of a lake in north-western Greece. Land cover information is extracted, using suitable digital image processing software. The rich spectral context of the multispectral image is combined with the high spatial resolution of the panchromatic image, applying image fusion - pansharpening, facilitating in this way visual image interpretation to delineate land cover. Further processing concerns supervised image classification. The classification of pansharpened image preceded multispectral image classification. Corresponding comparative considerations are also presented.

  17. Summary of the Large Civil Tiltrotor (LCTR2) Engine Gearbox Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Snyder, Christopher A.; Robuck, Mark; Wilkerson, Joseph; Nordstrom, Carl

    2010-01-01

    In support of the Fundamental Aeronautics Program, Subsonic Rotary Wing Project, NASA is continuing to study the Large Civil Tiltrotor (LCTR) concept to help define/refine vehicle, system and subsystem attributes. These attributes can then be used to define performance requirements and identify new or advanced technologies to achieve an operational vehicle class. As part of this goal, NASA contracted with The Boeing Company and its subcontractor Rolls-Royce to perform an investigation of different combinations of engine and gearbox variability to achieve a maximum of 50 percent rotor tip speed reduction from hover to cruise conditions. Previous NASA studies identified the 50 percent rotor speed reduction minimized vehicle gross weight and fuel burn. The LCTR2 (LCTR-iteration 2) was the contracted study baseline for initial sizing. Rotor tip speed ratios (cruise to hover) of 100, 77, and 54 percent were analyzed for each combination of engine and gearbox speed reduction to achieve the chosen rotor tip speed ratio. Three different engine and gearbox technology levels were assumed; commercial off-the-shelf (COTS), entry-in-service (EIS) in 2025 and EIS in 2035. These technology levels were applied to determine each particular effect on vehicle gross weight and fuel burn, while other vehicle technologies were assumed constant. This report summarizes the work performed that is being put together into a comprehensive NASA contractor report. Some background on the LCTR concept and baseline vehicle will be given and then a discussion concerning the technical approach utilized. Major study assumptions and results will be presented and discussed. Finally conclusions will be drawn as well as suggestions provided for future efforts.

  18. Curricular Reform: Systems Modeling and Sustainability in Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Vermont

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rizzo, D. M.; Hayden, N. J.; Dewoolkar, M.; Neumann, M.; Lathem, S.

    2009-12-01

    Researchers at the University of Vermont were awarded a NSF-sponsored Department Level Reform (DLR) grant to incorporate a systems approach to engineering problem solving within the civil and environmental engineering programs. A systems approach challenges students to consider the environmental, social, and economic aspects within engineering solutions. Likewise, sustainability requires a holistic approach to problem solving that includes economic, social and environmental factors. Our reform has taken a multi-pronged approach in two main areas that include implementing: a) a sequence of three systems courses related to environmental and transportation systems that introduce systems thinking, sustainability, and systems analysis and modeling; and b) service-learning (SL) projects as a means of practicing the systems approach. Our SL projects are good examples of inquiry-based learning that allow students to emphasize research and learning in areas of most interest to them. The SL projects address real-world open-ended problems. Activities that enhance IT and soft skills for students are incorporated throughout the curricula. Likewise, sustainability has been a central piece of the reform. We present examples of sustainability in the SL and modeling projects within the systems courses (e.g., students have used STELLA™ systems modeling software to address the impact of different carbon sequestration strategies on global climate change). Sustainability in SL projects include mentoring home schooled children in biomimicry projects, developing ECHO exhibits and the design of green roofs, bioretention ponds and porous pavement solutions. Assessment includes formative and summative methods involving student surveys and focus groups, faculty interviews and observations, and evaluation of student work.

  19. Design of the curriculum for a second-cycle course in civil engineering in the context of the Bologna framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gavin, K. G.

    2010-05-01

    This paper describes the design of the curriculum for a Master of Engineering programme in civil engineering at University College Dublin. The revised programme was established to meet the requirements of the Bologna process and this paper specifically considers the design of a new, second-cycle master's component of the programme. In addition to considering the content required to meet the learning outcome specified by the professional accreditation body, the paper presents details of attempts to move from a traditional instructor-centred model to a student-centred model of education in order to promote reflective (deep) learning. Although the paper presents a model curriculum for a civil engineering programme, the holistic approach to curriculum design outlined, which considers the organisation, sequence and evaluation strategies adopted, is applicable to all subject areas in higher education.

  20. Learning about Environmental Issues in Engineering Programmes: A Case Study of First-Year Civil Engineering Students' Contextualisation of an Ecology Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundholm, Cecilia

    2004-01-01

    Describes how first-year civil engineering students interpreted the content and structure of an ecology course. Students' learning processes were analysed from an intentional perspective, i.e. a perspective that takes into account the students' educational aims and conceptions of the study situation. Interviews were carried out with six civil…

  1. Multi-Sensing system for outdoor thermal monitoring: Application to large scale civil engineering components

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crinière, Antoine; Dumoulin, Jean; Manceau, Jean-Luc; Perez, Laetitia; Bourquin, Frederic

    2014-05-01

    Aging of transport infrastructures combined with traffic and climatic solicitations contribute to the reduction of their performances. To address and quantify the resilience of civil engineering structure, investigations on robust, fast and efficient methods are required. Among research works carried out at IFSTTAR, methods for long term monitoring face an increasing demand. Such works take benefits of this last decade technological progresses in ICT domain. The present study follows the ISTIMES European project [1], which aimed at demonstrate the ability of different electromagnetic sensing techniques, processing methods and ICT architecture, to be used for long term monitoring of critical transport infrastructures. Thanks to this project a multi-sensing techniques system, able to date and synchronize measurements carried out by infrared thermography coupled with various measurements data (i.e. weather parameters), have been designed, developed and implemented on real site [2]. Among experiments carried out on real transport infrastructure, it has been shown, for the "Musmesci" bridge deck (Italy), that by using infrared thermal image sequence with weather measurements during sevral days it was possible to develop analysis methods able to produce qualitative and quantitative data [3]. In the present study, added functionalities were designed and added to the "IrLAW" system in order to reach full autonomy in term of power supply, very long term measurement capability (at least 1 year) and automated data base feeding. The surveyed civil engineering structures consist in two concrete beams of 16 m long and 21 T weight each. One of the two beams was damage by high energy mechanical impact at the IFSTTAR falling rocks test station facilities located in the French Alpes [4]. The system is composed of one IR uncooled microbolometric camera (FLIR SC325) with a 320X240 Focal Plane Array detector in band III, a weather station VAISALA WXT520, a GPS, a failover power supply

  2. 78 FR 78944 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ..., and other specific mission sets such as security forces, civil engineering and science and technology..., Homeland Security, and Defense Support to Civil Authorities. 4. Continuing growth of demand on...

  3. 78 FR 66903 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-07

    ... mission sets such as security forces, civil engineering and science and technology. -- Projections and... Security, and Defense Support to Civil Agencies. This will include implications for the structure of...

  4. Dynamic displacement measurement accuracy of GPS for monitoring large civil engineering structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chan, W. S.; Xu, Y. L.; Ding, X. L.; Xiong, Y. L.; Dai, W. J.

    2005-05-01

    Accelerometer and displacement transducer are two common sensors used for structural displacement measurement. Due to their incapability of measuring static deflection of a structure, Global Positioning System (GPS) is developed as a novel sensor for measuring and monitoring both static and dynamic displacement responses of large civil engineering structures under gust winds. However, the accuracy of dynamic displacement measurement with GPS at the sub-centimeter to millimeter level depends on many factors such as required data update rate, satellite coverage, atmospheric effect, multi-path effect, and GPS data processing methods. Therefore, this paper focuses on the assessment of dynamic displacement measurement accuracy of GPS in two orthogonal directions. A 2-D motion simulation table is first developed as a test bed simulating various types of two perpendicular translational motions of tall buildings. The 2-D motion simulation table was then used to assess the performance of GPS through a series of field measurements in an open area. A band-pass filtering scheme is finally designed and applied to the table motion data recorded by the GPS. The comparison of the table motion recorded by the GPS with the original motion generated by the table shows that the GPS can measure sinusoidal or circular dynamic displacements accurately within certain amplitude and frequency ranges. The comparative results also demonstrate that the GPS can trace wind-induced dynamic responses of tall buildings satisfactorily.

  5. Optimising a modified free-space permittivity characterisation method for civil engineering applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muller, Wayne; Scheuermann, Alexander

    2016-04-01

    Measuring the electrical permittivity of civil engineering materials is important for a range of ground penetrating radar (GPR) and pavement moisture measurement applications. Compacted unbound granular (UBG) pavement materials present a number of preparation and measurement challenges using conventional characterisation techniques. As an alternative to these methods, a modified free-space (MFS) characterisation approach has previously been investigated. This paper describes recent work to optimise and validate the MFS technique. The research included finite difference time domain (FDTD) modelling to better understand the nature of wave propagation within material samples and the test apparatus. This research led to improvements in the test approach and optimisation of sample sizes. The influence of antenna spacing and sample thickness on the permittivity results was investigated by a series of experiments separating antennas and measuring samples of nylon and water. Permittivity measurements of samples of nylon and water approximately 100 mm and 170 mm thick were also compared, showing consistent results. These measurements also agreed well with surface probe measurements of the nylon sample and literature values for water. The results indicate permittivity estimates of acceptable accuracy can be obtained using the proposed approach, apparatus and sample sizes.

  6. Self-monitoring fiber reinforced polymer strengthening system for civil engineering infrastructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Guoliang; Dawood, Mina; Peters, Kara; Rizkalla, Sami

    2008-03-01

    Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) materials are currently used for strengthening civil engineering infrastructures. The strengthening system is dependant on the bond characteristics of the FRP to the external surface of the structure to be effective in resisting the applied loads. This paper presents an innovative self-monitoring FRP strengthening system. The system consists of two components which can be embedded in FRP materials to monitor the global and local behavior of the strengthened structure respectively. The first component of the system is designed to evaluate the applied load acting on a structure based on elongation of the FRP layer along the entire span of the structure. Success of the global system has been demonstrated using a full-scale prestressed concrete bridge girder which was loaded up to failure. The test results indicate that this type of sensor can be used to accurately determine the load prior to failure within 15 percent of the measured value. The second sensor component consists of fiber Bragg grating sensors. The sensors were used to monitor the behavior of steel double-lap shear splices tested under tensile loading up to failure. The measurements were used to identify abnormal structural behavior such as epoxy cracking and FRP debonding. Test results were also compared to numerical values obtained from a three dimensional shear-lag model which was developed to predict the sensor response.

  7. Pollution prevention opportunity assessments of US Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    1995-08-01

    This project summary describes three Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments conducted at US Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works facilities under the Waste Reduction Evaluations at Federal Sites (WREAFS) Program. The purposes of the WREAFS Program are to identify new technologies and techniques for reducing wastes from industrial processes at Federal sites, and to enhance the implementation of pollution prevention through technology transfer. New techniques and technologies for reducing waste generation are identified through pollution prevention opportunity assessments (PPOA) and may be further evaluated through joint research, development, and demonstration projects. The assessments were conducted using the procedures outlined in EPA`s Facility Pollution Prevention Guide. The assessments had two major phases. The first phase quantified waste generation and management practices. The second phase identified and evaluated the feasibility of opportunities and techniques to eliminate, reduce, or recycle wastes. The facilities studied in the PPOAs were: a navigation lock and dam; a warehouse and a maintenance and repair facility; a hydroelectric power plant; and a flood control dam and reservoir with associated public recreation areas. Other Federal agencies, such as the Bureau of Reclamation and the Tennessee Valley Authority have similar functions and facilities, as do states and the private sector. Thus, the results of the PPOAs described in the three full reports have applicability to a broad audience.

  8. Engine Installation Effects of Four Civil Transport Airplanes: Wallops Flight Facility Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fleming, Gregg G.; Senzig, David A.; McCurdy, David A.; Roof, Christopher J.; Rapoza, Amanda S.

    2003-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Langley Research Center (LaRC), the Environmental Measurement and Modeling Division of the United States Department of Transportation s John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (Volpe), and several other organizations (see Appendix A for a complete list of participating organizations and individuals) conducted a noise measurement study at NASA s Wallops Flight Facility (Wallops) near Chincoteague, Virginia during September 2000. This test was intended to determine engine installation effects on four civil transport airplanes: a Boeing 767-400, a McDonnell-Douglas DC9, a Dassault Falcon 2000, and a Beechcraft King Air. Wallops was chosen for this study because of the relatively low ambient noise of the site and the degree of control over airplane operating procedures enabled by operating over a runway closed to other uses during the test period. Measurements were conducted using a twenty microphone U-shaped array oriented perpendicular to the flight path; microphones were mounted such that ground effects were minimized and low elevation angles were observed.

  9. Advanced spatio-temporal filtering techniques for photogrammetric image sequence analysis in civil engineering material testing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liebold, F.; Maas, H.-G.

    2016-01-01

    The paper shows advanced spatial, temporal and spatio-temporal filtering techniques which may be used to reduce noise effects in photogrammetric image sequence analysis tasks and tools. As a practical example, the techniques are validated in a photogrammetric spatio-temporal crack detection and analysis tool applied in load tests in civil engineering material testing. The load test technique is based on monocular image sequences of a test object under varying load conditions. The first image of a sequence is defined as a reference image under zero load, wherein interest points are determined and connected in a triangular irregular network structure. For each epoch, these triangles are compared to the reference image triangles to search for deformations. The result of the feature point tracking and triangle comparison process is a spatio-temporally resolved strain value field, wherein cracks can be detected, located and measured via local discrepancies. The strains can be visualized as a color-coded map. In order to improve the measuring system and to reduce noise, the strain values of each triangle must be treated in a filtering process. The paper shows the results of various filter techniques in the spatial and in the temporal domain as well as spatio-temporal filtering techniques applied to these data. The best results were obtained by a bilateral filter in the spatial domain and by a spatio-temporal EOF (empirical orthogonal function) filtering technique.

  10. Mid-21st century chemical forcing of climate by the civil aviation sector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Unger, Nadine; Zhao, Yupu; Dang, Hongyan

    2013-02-01

    Abstract Strong growth in the <span class="hlt">civil</span> aviation sector will accelerate in the future. Here, we confront the future net chemical (ozone, methane, sulfate, nitrate, black carbon, and water vapor) global climate impact of aviation at 2050 for three novel plausible scenarios constructed at the Volpe National Transportation Center using the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Aviation Environmental Design Tool (AEDT). The aviation net chemical climate impact is cooling in all cases and increases from -10 ± 4 mW m-2 in the contemporary climate up to -69 ± 21 mW m-2 by 2050. Future improvements in fuel efficiency provide the opportunity to reduce aviation's net chemical climate impact by ~50% relative to a baseline scenario of unconstrained growth. On the 20 year time horizon, the cooling net aviation chemical climate impact masks the aviation CO2 global warming by up to 50-100% in the contemporary and future atmospheres.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371449p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371449p/"><span id="translatedtitle">20. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, April 10, 1958 (original drawing ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>20. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, April 10, 1958 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Building, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Vault). READINESS CREW BUILDING, ELEVATIONS - Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Bomber Alert Facility, 803G South Taxi Way, Spokane, Spokane County, WA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371454p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371454p/"><span id="translatedtitle">25. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, January, 1988 (original drawing located ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>25. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, January, 1988 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Building, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Vault). EXTERIOR ELEVATIONS (northeast and southeast) - Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Bomber Alert Facility, 803G South Taxi Way, Spokane, Spokane County, WA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371455p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371455p/"><span id="translatedtitle">26. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, March 3, 1988 (original drawing ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>26. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, March 3, 1988 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Building, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Vault). EXTERIOR ELEVATIONS (southwest and northwest) - Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Bomber Alert Facility, 803G South Taxi Way, Spokane, Spokane County, WA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371452p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371452p/"><span id="translatedtitle">23. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, April 10, 1958 (original drawing ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>23. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, April 10, 1958 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Building, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Vault). READINESS CREW BUILDING, UPPER FLOOR PLANS - Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Bomber Alert Facility, 803G South Taxi Way, Spokane, Spokane County, WA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371451p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371451p/"><span id="translatedtitle">22. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, April 10, 1958 (original drawing ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>22. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, April 10, 1958 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Building, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Vault). READINESS CREW BUILDING, LOWER FLOOR PLANS - Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Bomber Alert Facility, 803G South Taxi Way, Spokane, Spokane County, WA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371453p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371453p/"><span id="translatedtitle">24. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, August 17, 1965 (original drawing ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>24. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, August 17, 1965 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Building, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Vault). 2080 READINESS CREW, COVERED WALKWAYS, PLAN AND DETAILS - Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Bomber Alert Facility, 803G South Taxi Way, Spokane, Spokane County, WA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371450p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/wa0701.photos.371450p/"><span id="translatedtitle">21. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, April 10, 1958 (original drawing ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>21. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing, April 10, 1958 (original drawing located at Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Building, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Vault). READINESS CREW BUILDING, RAMP DETAILS - Fairchild Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Bomber Alert Facility, 803G South Taxi Way, Spokane, Spokane County, WA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EGUGA..15.7092V','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EGUGA..15.7092V"><span id="translatedtitle">Image restoration for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structure monitoring using imaging system embedded on UAV</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Vozel, Benoit; Dumoulin, Jean; Chehdi, Kacem</p> <p>2013-04-01</p> <p>Nowadays, <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structures are periodically surveyed by qualified technicians (i.e. alpinist) operating visual inspection using heavy mechanical pods. This method is far to be safe, not only for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structures monitoring staff, but also for users. Due to the unceasing traffic increase, making diversions or closing lanes on bridge becomes more and more difficult. New inspection methods have to be found. One of the most promising technique is to develop inspection method using images acquired by a dedicated monitoring system operating around the <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structures, without disturbing the traffic. In that context, the use of images acquired with an UAV, which fly around the structures is of particular interest. The UAV can be equipped with different vision system (digital camera, infrared sensor, video, etc.). Nonetheless, detection of small distresses on images (like cracks of 1 mm or less) depends on image quality, which is sensitive to internal parameters of the UAV (vibration modes, video exposure times, etc.) and to external parameters (turbulence, bad illumination of the scene, etc.). Though progresses were made at UAV level and at sensor level (i.e. optics), image deterioration is still an open problem. These deteriorations are mainly represented by motion blur that can be coupled with out-of-focus blur and observation noise on acquired images. In practice, deteriorations are unknown if no a priori information is available or dedicated additional instrumentation is set-up at UAV level. Image restoration processing is therefore required. This is a difficult problem [1-3] which has been intensively studied over last decades [4-12]. Image restoration can be addressed by following a blind approach or a myopic one. In both cases, it includes two processing steps that can be implemented in sequential or alternate mode. The first step carries out the identification of the blur impulse response and the second one makes use of this</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016EGUGA..1818517P','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016EGUGA..1818517P"><span id="translatedtitle">COST Action TU1208 "<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar": ongoing research activities and third-year results</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Pajewski, Lara; Benedetto, Andrea; Loizos, Andreas; Tosti, Fabio</p> <p>2016-04-01</p> <p>This work aims at disseminating the ongoing research activities and third-year results of the COST (European COoperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 "<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar." About 350 experts are participating to the Action, from 28 COST Countries (Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Malta, Macedonia, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom), and from Albania, Armenia, Australia, Colombia, Egypt, Hong Kong, Jordan, Israel, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Ukraine, and United States of America. In September 2014, TU1208 has been recognised among the running Actions as "COST Success Story" ("The Cities of Tomorrow: The Challenges of Horizon 2020," September 17-19, 2014, Torino, IT - A COST strategic workshop on the development and needs of the European cities). The principal goal of the COST Action TU1208 is to exchange and increase scientific-technical knowledge and experience of GPR techniques in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, whilst simultaneously promoting throughout Europe the effective use of this safe and non-destructive technique in the monitoring of infrastructures and structures. Moreover, the Action is oriented to the following specific objectives and expected deliverables: (i) coordinating European scientists to highlight problems, merits and limits of current GPR systems; (ii) developing innovative protocols and guidelines, which will be published in a handbook and constitute a basis for European standards, for an effective GPR application in <span class="hlt">civil</span>- <span class="hlt">engineering</span> tasks; safety, economic and financial criteria will be integrated within the protocols; (iii) integrating competences for the improvement and merging of electromagnetic scattering techniques and of data- processing techniques; this will lead to a novel freeware tool for the localization of</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2014EGUGA..1616933P&link_type=ABSTRACT','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2014EGUGA..1616933P&link_type=ABSTRACT"><span id="translatedtitle">COST Action TU1208 "<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar": first-year activities and results</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Pajewski, Lara; Benedetto, Andrea; Loizos, Andreas; Slob, Evert; Tosti, Fabio</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>This work aims at presenting the first-year activities and results of COST (European COoperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 "<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar". This Action was launched in April 2013 and will last four years. The principal aim of COST Action TU1208 is to exchange and increase scientific-technical knowledge and experience of GPR techniques in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, whilst simultaneously promoting throughout Europe the effective use of this safe and non-destructive technique in the monitoring of infrastructures and structures. Moreover, the Action is oriented to the following specific objectives and expected deliverables: (i) coordinating European scientists to highlight problems, merits and limits of current GPR systems; (ii) developing innovative protocols and guidelines, which will be published in a handbook and constitute a basis for European standards, for an effective GPR application in <span class="hlt">civil</span>- <span class="hlt">engineering</span> tasks; safety, economic and financial criteria will be integrated within the protocols; (iii) integrating competences for the improvement and merging of electromagnetic scattering techniques and of data- processing techniques; this will lead to a novel freeware tool for the localization of buried objects, shape-reconstruction and estimation of geophysical parameters useful for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> needs; (iv) networking for the design, realization and optimization of innovative GPR equipment; (v) comparing GPR with different NDT techniques, such as ultrasonic, radiographic, liquid-penetrant, magnetic-particle, acoustic-emission and eddy-current testing; (vi) comparing GPR technology and methodology used in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> with those used in other fields; (vii) promotion of a more widespread, advanced and efficient use of GPR in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>; and (viii) organization of a high-level modular training program for GPR European users. Four Working Groups (WGs) carry out the research activities. The first WG</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li class="active"><span>10</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_10 --> <div id="page_11" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li class="active"><span>11</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="201"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2015EGUGA..1713969P&link_type=ABSTRACT','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2015EGUGA..1713969P&link_type=ABSTRACT"><span id="translatedtitle">COST Action TU1208 "<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar:" ongoing research activities and mid-term results</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Pajewski, Lara; Benedetto, Andrea; Loizos, Andreas; Slob, Evert; Tosti, Fabio</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>This work aims at presenting the ongoing activities and mid-term results of the COST (European COoperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 '<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar.' Almost three hundreds experts are participating to the Action, from 28 COST Countries (Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Malta, Macedonia, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom), and from Albania, Armenia, Australia, Egypt, Hong Kong, Jordan, Israel, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Ukraine, and United States of America. In September 2014, TU1208 has been praised among the running Actions as 'COST Success Story' ('The Cities of Tomorrow: The Challenges of Horizon 2020,' September 17-19, 2014, Torino, IT - A COST strategic workshop on the development and needs of the European cities). The principal goal of the COST Action TU1208 is to exchange and increase scientific-technical knowledge and experience of GPR techniques in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, whilst simultaneously promoting throughout Europe the effective use of this safe and non-destructive technique in the monitoring of infrastructures and structures. Moreover, the Action is oriented to the following specific objectives and expected deliverables: (i) coordinating European scientists to highlight problems, merits and limits of current GPR systems; (ii) developing innovative protocols and guidelines, which will be published in a handbook and constitute a basis for European standards, for an effective GPR application in <span class="hlt">civil</span>- <span class="hlt">engineering</span> tasks; safety, economic and financial criteria will be integrated within the protocols; (iii) integrating competences for the improvement and merging of electromagnetic scattering techniques and of data- processing techniques; this will lead to a novel freeware tool for the localization of buried objects</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EGUGA..14.2778S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EGUGA..14.2778S"><span id="translatedtitle">Introduction of a test measurement for a monitoring technology inside a large-scale <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structure using muon radiography</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Sannomiya, A.; Tanaka, H.</p> <p>2012-04-01</p> <p>Akira Sannomiya1*, Koichiro Tada1*, Hiroyuki K.M. Tanaka2* Chigasaki Research Institute, Technology Development Center, Electric Power Development Co., Ltd.1, Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Japan2 Introduction The technology that enables us to observe the internal structure of a volcano and the city foundation is being developed by utilizing the muon's significant penetration power. From the possibility to use this technology for the surveillance inside a large-scale <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structure, we are planning an experimental measurement. General Instruction A final target is safety judgment of the condition of a large-scale <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structure. It is important for safety judgment to grasp the internal density contract, such as the crack and slack levels of a base rock or the structure, and degradation and groundwater levels. However, feasibility of application of muon radiography to monitoring inside the large-scale <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structure has not confirmed yet. Therefore, as a test experiment, we attempt to measure the fluctuation of the groundwater level in order to evaluate and examine the method. Measurement will be carried out from the inside of a scupper tunnel in the base rock. The result will be compared with the independent groundwater level measurement in order to perform quantitative evaluation of muon radiography. In addition, this test measurement will start the near future. About a detailed plan, it is under examination now.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..16.1945S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..16.1945S"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar Recent Advances @ the ELEDIA Research Center</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Salucci, Marco; Tenuti, Lorenza; Nardin, Cristina; Oliveri, Giacomo; Viani, Federico; Rocca, Paolo; Massa, Andrea</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>The application of non-destructive testing and evaluation (NDT/NDE) methodologies in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> has raised a growing interest during the last years because of its potential impact in several different scenarios. As a consequence, Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) technologies have been widely adopted as an instrument for the inspection of the structural stability of buildings and for the detection of cracks and voids. In this framework, the development and validation of GPR algorithms and methodologies represents one of the most active research areas within the ELEDIA Research Center of the University of Trento. More in detail, great efforts have been devoted towards the development of inversion techniques based on the integration of deterministic and stochastic search algorithms with multi-focusing strategies. These approaches proved to be effective in mitigating the effects of both nonlinearity and ill-posedness of microwave imaging problems, which represent the well-known issues arising in GPR inverse scattering formulations. More in detail, a regularized multi-resolution approach based on the Inexact Newton Method (INM) has been recently applied to subsurface prospecting, showing a remarkable advantage over a single-resolution implementation [1]. Moreover, the use of multi-frequency or frequency-hopping strategies to exploit the information coming from GPR data collected in time domain and transformed into its frequency components has been proposed as well. In this framework, the effectiveness of the multi-resolution multi-frequency techniques has been proven on synthetic data generated with numerical models such as GprMax [2]. The application of inversion algorithms based on Bayesian Compressive Sampling (BCS) [3][4] to GPR is currently under investigation, as well, in order to exploit their capability to provide satisfactory reconstructions in presence of single and multiple sparse scatterers [3][4]. Furthermore, multi-scaling approaches exploiting level</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009SPPhy.128..123L','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009SPPhy.128..123L"><span id="translatedtitle">Some advances towards a better understanding of wave propagation in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> multiwires trands</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Laguerre, L.; Treyssede, F.</p> <p></p> <p>Steel members of <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structures undergo degradations mainly due to corrosion and mechanical fatigue. In this context, non-destructive inspection techniques using mechanical guided waves have potential to monitor these structures. Even if wave propagation is not yet fully understood in these structures, useful results can be derived for inspection methodology by using wave modeling in cylindrical waveguide, embedded or not. However, further improvement can be expected from the development of wave propagation simulation tools for real-life structures. Indeed, several difficulties arise in the understanding of guided ultrasonic waves in such structures, partly due to the helical geometry and the inter-wire coupling effects. Moreover, these structures are pre-stressed and can be free or embedded in solid material. This paper shows some recent research results at LCPC. A first part deals with experimental results on the guided wave propagation in a commonly used steel member, the seven wire strand (i.e one straight single cylindrical wire surrounded by six helical wires). The second part aims at numerically investigating the propagation of elastic waves in free helical waveguides. A numerical method is chosen based on a semi-analytical finite element technique that relies on a specific non-orthogonal curvilinear coordinate system. This system is shown to be translationally invariant along the helix centerline so that a spatial Fourier transform can be explicitly performed along the axis to reduce the problem to two dimensions. The method can thus readily be used for the analysis of helical structures by considering the special case of no curvature. Results for single straight and helical wires are first computed. A dispersion analysis for a seven wire strand with simplified contact conditions is then performed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009uwpn.book..123L','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009uwpn.book..123L"><span id="translatedtitle">Some advances towards a better understanding of wave propagation in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> multi-wire strands</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Laguerre, L.; Treyssede, F.</p> <p></p> <p>Steel members of <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structures undergo degradations mainly due to corrosion and mechanical fatigue. In this context, non-destructive inspection techniques using mechanical guided waves have potential to monitor these structures. Even if wave propagation is not yet fully understood in these structures, useful results can be derived for inspection methodology by using wave modeling in cylindrical waveguide, embedded or not. However, further improvement can be expected from the development of wave propagation simulation tools for real-life structures. Indeed, several difficulties arise in the understanding of guided ultrasonic waves in such structures, partly due to the helical geometry and the inter-wire coupling effects. Moreover, these structures are pre-stressed and can be free or embedded in solid material. This paper shows some recent research results at LCPC. A first part deals with experimental results on the guided wave propagation in a commonly used steel member, the seven wire strand (i.e one straight single cylindrical wire surrounded by six helical wires). The second part aims at numerically investigating the propagation of elastic waves in free helical waveguides. A numerical method is chosen based on a semi-analytical finite element technique that relies on a specific non-orthogonal curvilinear coordinate system. This system is shown to be translationally invariant along the helix centerline so that a spatial Fourier transform can be explicitly performed along the axis to reduce the problem to two dimensions. The method can thus readily be used for the analysis of helical structures by considering the special case of no curvature. Results for single straight and helical wires are first computed. A dispersion analysis for a seven wire strand with simplified contact conditions is then performed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007SMaS...16..818O','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007SMaS...16..818O"><span id="translatedtitle">A fuzzy model of superelastic shape memory alloys for vibration control in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> applications</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Ozbulut, O. E.; Mir, C.; Moroni, M. O.; Sarrazin, M.; Roschke, P. N.</p> <p>2007-06-01</p> <p>Two experimental test programs are conducted to collect data and simulate the dynamic behavior of CuAlBe shape memory alloy (SMA) wires. First, in order to evaluate the effect of temperature changes on superelastic SMA wires, a large number of cyclic, sinusoidal, tensile tests are performed at 1 Hz. These tests are conducted in a controlled environment at 0, 25 and 50 °C with three different strain amplitudes. Second, in order to assess the dynamic effects of the material, a series of laboratory experiments is conducted on a shake table with a scale model of a three-story structure that is stiffened with SMA wires. Data from these experiments are used to create fuzzy inference systems (FISs) that can predict hysteretic behavior of CuAlBe wire. Both fuzzy models employ a total of three input variables (strain, strain-rate, and temperature or pre-stress) and an output variable (predicted stress). Gaussian membership functions are used to fuzzify data for each of the input and output variables. Values of the initially assigned membership functions are adjusted using a neural-fuzzy procedure to more accurately predict the correct stress level in the wires. Results of the trained FISs are validated using test results from experimental records that had not been previously used in the training procedure. Finally, a set of numerical simulations is conducted to illustrate practical use of these wires in a <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> application. The results reveal the applicability for structural vibration control of pseudoelastic CuAlBe wire whose highly nonlinear behavior is modeled by a simple, accurate, and computationally efficient FIS.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20130014739','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20130014739"><span id="translatedtitle">The Effect of Rotor Cruise Tip Speed, <span class="hlt">Engine</span> Technology and <span class="hlt">Engine</span>/Drive System RPM on the NASA Large <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Tiltrotor (LCTR2) Size and Performance</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Robuck, Mark; Wilkerson, Joseph; Maciolek, Robert; Vonderwell, Dan</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>A multi-year study was conducted under NASA NNA06BC41C Task Order 10 and NASA NNA09DA56C task orders 2, 4, and 5 to identify the most promising propulsion system concepts that enable rotor cruise tip speeds down to 54% of the hover tip speed for a <span class="hlt">civil</span> tiltrotor aircraft. Combinations of <span class="hlt">engine</span> RPM reduction and 2-speed drive systems were evaluated. Three levels of <span class="hlt">engine</span> and the drive system advanced technology were assessed; 2015, 2025 and 2035. Propulsion and drive system configurations that resulted in minimum vehicle gross weight were identified. Design variables included <span class="hlt">engine</span> speed reduction, drive system speed reduction, technology, and rotor cruise propulsion efficiency. The NASA Large <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Tiltrotor, LCTR, aircraft served as the base vehicle concept for this study and was resized for over thirty combinations of operating cruise RPM and technology level, quantifying LCTR2 Gross Weight, size, and mission fuel. Additional studies show design sensitivity to other mission ranges and design airspeeds, with corresponding relative estimated operational cost. The lightest vehicle gross weight solution consistently came from rotor cruise tip speeds between 422 fps and 500 fps. Nearly equivalent results were achieved with operating at reduced <span class="hlt">engine</span> RPM with a single-speed drive system or with a two-speed drive system and 100% <span class="hlt">engine</span> RPM. Projected performance for a 2025 <span class="hlt">engine</span> technology provided improved fuel flow over a wide range of operating speeds relative to the 2015 technology, but increased <span class="hlt">engine</span> weight nullified the improved fuel flow resulting in increased aircraft gross weights. The 2035 <span class="hlt">engine</span> technology provided further fuel flow reduction and 25% lower <span class="hlt">engine</span> weight, and the 2035 drive system technology provided a 12% reduction in drive system weight. In combination, the 2035 technologies reduced aircraft takeoff gross weight by 14% relative to the 2015 technologies.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994SPIE.2361...67G','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994SPIE.2361...67G"><span id="translatedtitle">Energy evaluation on bounded nonlinear control laws for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> applications</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Gattulli, Vincenzo</p> <p>1994-09-01</p> <p>In the last decades researchers in the field of structural <span class="hlt">engineering</span> have challenged the idea of facing natural hazard mitigation problems by adding to structures particular systems which are designed to protect buildings, bridges and other facilities from the damaging effects of destructive environmental actions. Among most protective systems and devices, active structural control, although having already reached the stage of full-implemented systems, still need theoretical investigation to achieve a complete exploitation of its capacity in reducing structural vibrations. In most of the operating systems (e.g. Soong and Reinhorn, 1993), linear control laws based on some quadratic performance function criteria are used since the design process for these linear strategies are fully developed and investigated. Moreover, the performances of structural systems controlled by linear techniques bring about some question concerning the complete and wise utilization of the capacity of control devices. Indeed, some of these inefficiencies are evident such as the inability to produce a significant peak response reduction in the first cycles of recorded or simulated time histories. (e.g. Reinhorn et al., 1993). Realizing that the expected maximum value for the required control <span class="hlt">force</span> is a fundamental parameter in all processes to design the complete control system, in this paper it is shown that appropriate nonlinear control laws can significantly enhance the reduction of the system response under the same constraints imposed on the control <span class="hlt">force</span>. Energy evaluation on the performance of different kinds of nonlinearities are reported such that a common base is built to perform comparative studies. These techniques have been successfully experimented on a structural model with ground excitations supplied by shaking table (e.g. Gattulli et al., 1994).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21459507','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21459507"><span id="translatedtitle">Evaluation of environmental management resources (ISO 14001) at <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> construction worksites: a case study of the community of Madrid.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rodríguez, Gracia; Alegre, Francisco Javier; Martínez, Germán</p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>In recent years, significant advances have been made in business organization and management. The growing demands of clients as well as the globalization of world markets are among the many factors that have led to the establishment of systems of quality control and environmental management as a competitive strategy for businesses. When compared to other professional sectors, the construction sector has been slower to respond to environmental problems and to adopt Environmental Management Systems (EMS). In the world today the ISO 14001 standard is currently the main frame of reference used by construction companies to implement this type of management system. This article presents the results of a general study regarding the evaluation of the application of the ISO 14001 standard at <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> construction worksites in the Community of Madrid (Spain), specifically pertaining to requirement 4.4.1, Resources, roles, responsibilities, and authority. According to requirement 4.4.1, company executives should appoint people responsible for implementing the EMS and also specify their responsibilities and functions. The personnel designated for supervising environmental work should also have sufficient authority to establish and maintain the EMS. The results obtained were the following: - EMS supervisors did not generally possess adequate training and solid experience in construction work and in the environment. Furthermore, supervisors were usually <span class="hlt">forced</span> to combine their environmental work with other tasks, which made their job even more difficult. - Generally speaking, supervisors were not given sufficient authority and autonomy because productivity at the construction site had priority over environmental management. This was due to the fact that the company management did not have a respectful attitude toward the environment, nor was the management actively involved in the establishment of the EMS. - Insufficient resources were allocated to the Environmental</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21459507','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21459507"><span id="translatedtitle">Evaluation of environmental management resources (ISO 14001) at <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> construction worksites: a case study of the community of Madrid.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rodríguez, Gracia; Alegre, Francisco Javier; Martínez, Germán</p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>In recent years, significant advances have been made in business organization and management. The growing demands of clients as well as the globalization of world markets are among the many factors that have led to the establishment of systems of quality control and environmental management as a competitive strategy for businesses. When compared to other professional sectors, the construction sector has been slower to respond to environmental problems and to adopt Environmental Management Systems (EMS). In the world today the ISO 14001 standard is currently the main frame of reference used by construction companies to implement this type of management system. This article presents the results of a general study regarding the evaluation of the application of the ISO 14001 standard at <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> construction worksites in the Community of Madrid (Spain), specifically pertaining to requirement 4.4.1, Resources, roles, responsibilities, and authority. According to requirement 4.4.1, company executives should appoint people responsible for implementing the EMS and also specify their responsibilities and functions. The personnel designated for supervising environmental work should also have sufficient authority to establish and maintain the EMS. The results obtained were the following: - EMS supervisors did not generally possess adequate training and solid experience in construction work and in the environment. Furthermore, supervisors were usually <span class="hlt">forced</span> to combine their environmental work with other tasks, which made their job even more difficult. - Generally speaking, supervisors were not given sufficient authority and autonomy because productivity at the construction site had priority over environmental management. This was due to the fact that the company management did not have a respectful attitude toward the environment, nor was the management actively involved in the establishment of the EMS. - Insufficient resources were allocated to the Environmental</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering&id=EJ1043045','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering&id=EJ1043045"><span id="translatedtitle">How Much Is Enough? Examining Computer Science and <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Citation Data to Inform Collection Development and Retention Decisions in Three Large Canadian University Libraries</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Spence, Michelle; Mawhinney, Tara; Barsky, Eugene</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Science and <span class="hlt">engineering</span> libraries have an important role to play in preserving the intellectual content in research areas of the departments they serve. This study employs bibliographic data from the Web of Science database to examine how much research material is required to cover 90% of faculty citations in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> and computer…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..1713969P','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..1713969P"><span id="translatedtitle">COST Action TU1208 "<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar:" ongoing research activities and mid-term results</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Pajewski, Lara; Benedetto, Andrea; Loizos, Andreas; Slob, Evert; Tosti, Fabio</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>This work aims at presenting the ongoing activities and mid-term results of the COST (European COoperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 '<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar.' Almost three hundreds experts are participating to the Action, from 28 COST Countries (Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Malta, Macedonia, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom), and from Albania, Armenia, Australia, Egypt, Hong Kong, Jordan, Israel, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Ukraine, and United States of America. In September 2014, TU1208 has been praised among the running Actions as 'COST Success Story' ('The Cities of Tomorrow: The Challenges of Horizon 2020,' September 17-19, 2014, Torino, IT - A COST strategic workshop on the development and needs of the European cities). The principal goal of the COST Action TU1208 is to exchange and increase scientific-technical knowledge and experience of GPR techniques in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, whilst simultaneously promoting throughout Europe the effective use of this safe and non-destructive technique in the monitoring of infrastructures and structures. Moreover, the Action is oriented to the following specific objectives and expected deliverables: (i) coordinating European scientists to highlight problems, merits and limits of current GPR systems; (ii) developing innovative protocols and guidelines, which will be published in a handbook and constitute a basis for European standards, for an effective GPR application in <span class="hlt">civil</span>- <span class="hlt">engineering</span> tasks; safety, economic and financial criteria will be integrated within the protocols; (iii) integrating competences for the improvement and merging of electromagnetic scattering techniques and of data- processing techniques; this will lead to a novel freeware tool for the localization of buried objects</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=bases+AND+data+AND+scientists&pg=3&id=ED041231','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=bases+AND+data+AND+scientists&pg=3&id=ED041231"><span id="translatedtitle">Educational Program for Scientists and <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> at the Wright Patterson Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Weed, Herman R.; And Others</p> <p></p> <p>The objective of the study was to develop an educational program to update Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> scientists, <span class="hlt">engineers</span>, senior technicians and managers of science and <span class="hlt">engineering</span> (both military and civilian) working at Wright Patterson Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base (WPAFB). Needs in continuing education were assessed from data obtained from: the Office of Professional and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24941459','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24941459"><span id="translatedtitle">Black physicians and the struggle for <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights: lessons from the Mississippi experience: part 1: the <span class="hlt">forces</span> for and against change.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>deShazo, Richard D; Smith, Robert; Skipworth, Leigh Baldwin</p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>The roles of black physicians in the South in the period leading up to the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 have not been fully disclosed. In Mississippi and elsewhere in the South, it is a story of disenfranchised professionals who risked life, limb, and personal success to improve the lot of those they served. This first of 2 articles on the subject provides an overview of the <span class="hlt">forces</span> for and against the struggle for <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights and social justice in medicine in the South. We use newly available data from Mississippi as a prime example. An understanding of these <span class="hlt">forces</span> is essential to an understanding of medical education and medical practice in this period and helps explain why the South remains in last place in most indicators of health today. PMID:24941459</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24941459','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24941459"><span id="translatedtitle">Black physicians and the struggle for <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights: lessons from the Mississippi experience: part 1: the <span class="hlt">forces</span> for and against change.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>deShazo, Richard D; Smith, Robert; Skipworth, Leigh Baldwin</p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>The roles of black physicians in the South in the period leading up to the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 have not been fully disclosed. In Mississippi and elsewhere in the South, it is a story of disenfranchised professionals who risked life, limb, and personal success to improve the lot of those they served. This first of 2 articles on the subject provides an overview of the <span class="hlt">forces</span> for and against the struggle for <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights and social justice in medicine in the South. We use newly available data from Mississippi as a prime example. An understanding of these <span class="hlt">forces</span> is essential to an understanding of medical education and medical practice in this period and helps explain why the South remains in last place in most indicators of health today.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19940028975','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19940028975"><span id="translatedtitle">Low emissions combustor technology for high-speed <span class="hlt">civil</span> transport <span class="hlt">engines</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Niedzwiecki, Richard W.</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>The topics covered include the following: NASA High Speed Research (HSR) ozone research objectives; NO(x) formation; emission reduction; High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT) supersonic cruise combustion operating conditions; NO(x) correlations; typical NO(x) characteristics of a current technology and low NO(x) combustors; HSCT emission reduction strategies; variation of NO(x) with equivalence ratio; the Emission Reduction Program; and emission reduction milestones.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..1616933P','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..1616933P"><span id="translatedtitle">COST Action TU1208 "<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar": first-year activities and results</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Pajewski, Lara; Benedetto, Andrea; Loizos, Andreas; Slob, Evert; Tosti, Fabio</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>This work aims at presenting the first-year activities and results of COST (European COoperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 "<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar". This Action was launched in April 2013 and will last four years. The principal aim of COST Action TU1208 is to exchange and increase scientific-technical knowledge and experience of GPR techniques in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, whilst simultaneously promoting throughout Europe the effective use of this safe and non-destructive technique in the monitoring of infrastructures and structures. Moreover, the Action is oriented to the following specific objectives and expected deliverables: (i) coordinating European scientists to highlight problems, merits and limits of current GPR systems; (ii) developing innovative protocols and guidelines, which will be published in a handbook and constitute a basis for European standards, for an effective GPR application in <span class="hlt">civil</span>- <span class="hlt">engineering</span> tasks; safety, economic and financial criteria will be integrated within the protocols; (iii) integrating competences for the improvement and merging of electromagnetic scattering techniques and of data- processing techniques; this will lead to a novel freeware tool for the localization of buried objects, shape-reconstruction and estimation of geophysical parameters useful for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> needs; (iv) networking for the design, realization and optimization of innovative GPR equipment; (v) comparing GPR with different NDT techniques, such as ultrasonic, radiographic, liquid-penetrant, magnetic-particle, acoustic-emission and eddy-current testing; (vi) comparing GPR technology and methodology used in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> with those used in other fields; (vii) promotion of a more widespread, advanced and efficient use of GPR in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>; and (viii) organization of a high-level modular training program for GPR European users. Four Working Groups (WGs) carry out the research activities. The first WG</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/282304','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/282304"><span id="translatedtitle">PIFFO -- Piston friction <span class="hlt">force</span> measurements during <span class="hlt">engine</span> operation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Koch, F.; Geiger, U.; Hermsen, F.G.</p> <p>1996-09-01</p> <p>Fuel consumption of a modern combustion <span class="hlt">engine</span> is significantly influenced by the mechanical friction losses. Particularly in typical city driving, the reduction of the <span class="hlt">engine</span> friction losses offers a remarkable potential in emission and fuel consumption reduction. The analysis of the <span class="hlt">engine</span> friction distribution of modern <span class="hlt">engines</span> shows that the piston group has a high share at total <span class="hlt">engine</span> friction. This offers a high potential to optimize piston group friction. The paper presents results of recent research and development work in the field of the tribological system piston/piston ring/cylinder bore.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EGUGA..1410555A','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EGUGA..1410555A"><span id="translatedtitle">News in <span class="hlt">engineering</span> education in Spain effective from 2010 in presence of external changes and mixed crisis, looking mostly to agro and <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineers</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Anton, J. M.; Sanchez, M. E.; Grau, J. B.; Andina, D.</p> <p>2012-04-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">engineering</span> careers models were diverse in Europe, and are adopting now in Spain the Bolonia process for European Universities. Separated from older Universities, that are in part technically active, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> (Caminos, Canales y Puertos) started at end of 18th century in Spain adopting the French models of Upper Schools for state <span class="hlt">civil</span> servants with exam at entry. After 1800 intense wars, to conserve forest regions Ingenieros de Montes appeared as Upper School, and in 1855 also the Ingenieros Agrónomos to push up related techniques and practices. Other <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> appeared as Upper Schools but more towards private factories. These ES got all adapted Lower Schools of Ingeniero Tecnico. Recently both grew much in number and evolved, linked also to recognized Professions. Spanish society, into European Community, evolved across year 2000, in part highly well, but with severe discordances, that caused severe youth unemployment with 2008-2011 crisis. With Bolonia process high formal changes step in from 2010-11, accepted with intense adaptation. The Lower Schools are changing towards the Upper Schools, and both that have shifted since 2010-11 various 4-years careers (Grado), some included into the precedent Professions, and diverse Masters. Acceptation of them to get students has started relatively well, and will evolve, and acceptation of new grades for employment in Spain, Europe or outside will be essential. Each Grado has now quite rigid curricula and programs, MOODLE was introduced to connect pupils, some specific uses of Personal Computers are taught in each subject. Escuela de Agronomos centre, reorganized with its old name in its precedent buildings at entrance of Campus Moncloa, offers Grados of Agronomic <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> and Science for various public and private activities for agriculture, Alimentary <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> for alimentary activities and control, Agro-Environmental <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> more related to environment activities, and in part Biotechnology also</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19930022482','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19930022482"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engine</span> technology challenges for a 21st Century High-Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Shaw, Robert J.; Gilkey, Samuel; Hines, Richard</p> <p>1993-01-01</p> <p>Ongoing NASA-funded studies by Boeing, McDonnell-Douglas, General Electric, and Pratt & Whitney indicate that an opportunity exists for a 21st Century High-Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT) to become a major part of the international air transportation system. However, before industry will consider an HSCT product launch and an investment estimated to be over $15 billion for design and certification, major technology advances must be made. An overview of the propulsion-specific technology advances that must be in hand before an HSCT product launch could be considered is presented.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li class="active"><span>11</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_11 --> <div id="page_12" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li class="active"><span>12</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="221"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19910013785','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19910013785"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engine</span> technology challenges for a 21st century high speed <span class="hlt">civil</span> transport</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Shaw, Robert J.</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>Recent NASA funded studies by Boeing and Douglas suggest an opportunity exists for a 21st Century High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT) to become part of the international air transportation system. However, before this opportunity for high speed travel can be realized, certain environmental and and economic barrier issues must be overcome. These challenges are outlined. Research activities which NASA has planned to address these barrier issues and to provide a technology base to allow U.S. manufacturers to make an informed go/no go decision on developing the HSCT are discussed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002SPIE.4704...28E','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002SPIE.4704...28E"><span id="translatedtitle">Re-<span class="hlt">engineering</span> organizations for optimal deployment of smart materials and intelligent devices in <span class="hlt">civil</span> infrastructure</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>El-Diraby, Tamer E.; Beheshti, Arzhang</p> <p>2002-06-01</p> <p>Smart materials and intelligent devices are promising to revolutionize data collection in <span class="hlt">civil</span> infrastructure. However, their application has so far been very limited in scope. So far, there is no comprehensive mechanisms to integrate data generated by smart materials and intelligent devices into the overall IT systems of user organizations. This article outlines a framework for reengineering organizations for optimal utilization of smart materials and intelligent devices in the infrastructure development domain. The aim is to integrate data collection and management into the organizational culture. The framework includes three basic modules: assessing current practice, identifying level of deployment, and defining the needed actions.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED116959.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED116959.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Use of the Colorado SURGE System for Continuing Education for <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineers</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Fead, J. W. N.</p> <p></p> <p>The Colorado State University Resources in Graduate Education (SURGE) program is described in this report. Since it is expected that not all the participants in a graduate <span class="hlt">engineering</span> program will be able to attend university-based lectures, presentations are video-taped and transported to industrial plants, <span class="hlt">engineering</span> offices, and other…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009APS..MARV13005H','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009APS..MARV13005H"><span id="translatedtitle">An <span class="hlt">Engineer</span>'s Physics Lab -- using a Large <span class="hlt">Force</span> Frame</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Heid, Christy; Rampolla, Donald</p> <p>2009-03-01</p> <p>We have constructed very economical, easy to assemble <span class="hlt">force</span> frames that are used by students in our general physics laboratory at Chatham University. The <span class="hlt">force</span> frame is used at the beginning of the semester to study vector properties of <span class="hlt">forces</span>. The <span class="hlt">force</span> frame can be used as a horizontal or vertical <span class="hlt">force</span> table. Angles of <span class="hlt">forces</span> are measured using a large movable (rotation and translation) Cartesian coordinate board attached to the frame with large binder clips. The <span class="hlt">force</span> frame is a versatile device which is used for a number of other experiments, including beam bending and torsion, mechanical resonance, projectile trajectories, torque, mechanical equilibrium, an isolated non-magnetic support for magnetic field experiments, easily adjustable support for inclined plane experiments, support for traveling wave experiments with heavy rope, and support for large scale fluid flow experiments. One advantage to a wood frame is that things can be easily stapled, nailed, screwed or glued just about anywhere on the frame, and damaged frame members can be replaced easily. As one of the few remaining women's undergraduate institutions, we have found the use of these frames to provide an additional advantage in helping women overcome their fear of simple power tools and assembly of mechanical parts as they become comfortable with these through working with the <span class="hlt">force</span> frames throughout the semester. We intend to describe and model these applications during the session.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910069428&hterms=bypass&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D90%26Ntt%3Dbypass','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910069428&hterms=bypass&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D90%26Ntt%3Dbypass"><span id="translatedtitle">Comparison of turbine bypass and mixed flow turbofan <span class="hlt">engines</span> for a high-speed <span class="hlt">civil</span> transport</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Seidel, Jonathan A.; Haller, William J.; Berton, Jeffrey J.</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>A comparison of the turbine bypass <span class="hlt">engine</span> and the mixed flow turbofan for a Mach 2.4 cruise application is presented. A parametric assessment is conducted for each cycle. Parameters that are investigated for the turbine bypass <span class="hlt">engine</span> include design bypass, combustor exit temperature, and overall pressure ratio. Parameters that are investigated for the mixed flow turbofan include fan pressure ratio, mixer design pressure ratio, and combustor exit temperature. The <span class="hlt">engines</span> are analyzed for a 5000-nautical-mile, all supersonic cruise mission to determine the aircraft takeoff gross weights. The effects of takeoff noise, cruise emissions, the addition of subsonic cruise legs, and constrained supersonic cruise altitudes are also evaluated.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19910004134','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19910004134"><span id="translatedtitle">Procedure for generating global atmospheric <span class="hlt">engine</span> emissions data from future supersonic transport aircraft. The 1990 high speed <span class="hlt">civil</span> transport studies</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Sohn, R. A.; Stroup, J. W.</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>The input for global atmospheric chemistry models was generated for baseline High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT) configurations at Mach 1.6, 2.2, and 3.2. The input is supplied in the form of number of molecules of specific exhaust constituents injected into the atmosphere per year by latitude and by altitude (for 2-D codes). Seven exhaust constituents are currently supplied: NO, NO2, CO, CO2, H2O, SO2, and THC (Trace Hydrocarbons). An eighth input is also supplied, NO(x), the sum of NO and NO2. The number of molecules of a given constituent emitted per year is a function of the total fuel burned by a supersonic fleet and the emission index (EI) of the aircraft <span class="hlt">engine</span> for the constituent in question. The EIs for an <span class="hlt">engine</span> are supplied directly by the <span class="hlt">engine</span> manufacturers. The annual fuel burn of a supersonic fleet is calculated from aircraft performance and economic criteria, both of which are strongly dependent on basic design parameters such as speed and range. The altitude and latitude distribution of the emission is determined based on 10 Intern. Air Transport Assoc. (IATA) regions chosen to define the worldwide route structure for future HSCT operations and the mission flight profiles.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ941732.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ941732.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Perceptions of Academic Staff towards Accommodating Students with Disabilities in a <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Undergraduate Program in a University in South Africa</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Mayat, Nafisa; Amosun, Seyi Ladele</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>This study explored the perceptions of academic staff towards admission of students with disabilities, and their accommodation once accepted into an undergraduate <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> program in a South African university. Qualitative responses relating to the perceptions of five academic staff were obtained through semi-structured interviews. The…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED295823.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED295823.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Demographic Trends and the Scientific and <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Work <span class="hlt">Force</span>. A Technical Memorandum.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.</p> <p></p> <p>The Federal Government has acknowledged its key role in educating and assuring an adequate supply of scientists and <span class="hlt">engineers</span> since World War II. Although scientists and <span class="hlt">engineers</span> represent only three percent of the national work <span class="hlt">force</span>, they are considered by many to be a crucial element in the nation's efforts to improve its economic…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca3260.photos.223827p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca3260.photos.223827p/"><span id="translatedtitle">Interior, looking northwest Beale Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Interior, looking northwest - Beale Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Storage Building, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca3260.photos.223826p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca3260.photos.223826p/"><span id="translatedtitle">Exterior, looking west Beale Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Exterior, looking west - Beale Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Storage Building, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Nanotechnology&pg=5&id=EJ936362','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Nanotechnology&pg=5&id=EJ936362"><span id="translatedtitle">An Undergraduate Nanotechnology <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Laboratory Course on Atomic <span class="hlt">Force</span> Microscopy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Russo, D.; Fagan, R. D.; Hesjedal, T.</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>The University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada, is home to North America's first undergraduate program in nanotechnology. As part of the Nanotechnology <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> degree program, a scanning probe microscopy (SPM)-based laboratory has been developed for students in their fourth year. The one-term laboratory course "Nanoprobing and Lithography"…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19990019480','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19990019480"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engine</span> Technology Challenges for the High-Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport Plane</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Plencner, Robert M.; Misra, Ajay; Graber, Edwin J., Jr.; Shaw, Robert J.; Seng, Gary T.</p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>Ongoing NASA-funded and privately funded studies continue to indicate that an opportunity exists for a second generation supersonic commercial airliner, or High-Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT), to become a key part of the 21 st century international air transportation system. Long distance air travel is projected to be the fastest growing segment of the air transportation market by the turn of the century with increases at about 5 percent per annum over the next two decades. This projection suggests that by the year 2015, more than 600,000 passengers per day will be traveling long distances, predominantly over water. These routes would provide the greatest potential for an HSCT to become a significant part of the international air transportation system. The potential market for an HSCT is currently projected to be anywhere from 500-1500 aircraft over the 2005-2030 time period. Such an aircraft fleet size would represent a considerable share of the potential long-range aircraft market. However, this projected HSCT fleet can become a reality only if technologies are developed which will allow an HSCT design that is (1) environmentally compatible and (2) economically viable. Simply stated, the HSCT will be a technology driven airplane. Without significant advances in airframe and propulsion technologies over the levels currently available, there will be no second generation supersonic airliner! This paper will briefly describe the propulsion technology challenges which must be met prior to any product launch decision being made by industry and the progress toward meeting these challenges through NASAs High-Speed Research (HSR) Program, a partnership between NASA and Boeing, General Electric and Pratt & Whitney.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23485597','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23485597"><span id="translatedtitle">A comparative study of oral health attitudes and behavior using the Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioral Inventory (HU-DBI) between dental and <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> students in Colombia.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Jaramillo, Jorge A; Jaramillo, Fredy; Kador, Itzjak; Masuoka, David; Tong, Liyue; Ahn, Chul; Komabayashi, Takashi</p> <p>2013-03-01</p> <p>The aim of this study was to use the Hiroshima University - Dental Behavioral Inventory (HU-DBI) to compare oral health attitudes and behavior of dental and <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> students in Colombia. The HU-DBI's survey consisting of twenty dichotomous responses (agree-disagree) regarding tooth brushing, was completed at University Antonio Narino for the dental students and the University of Cauca for the <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> students. The Spanish version of the HU-DBI questionnaire was taken by 182 of 247 dental students and 411 of 762 <span class="hlt">engineering</span> students. The data was-statistically analyzed by the chi-square test and backward logistic regression. Compared to the <span class="hlt">engineering</span> students, the dental students were more likely to agree with questions such as "I am bothered by the color of my gums"(OR = 2.2, 95% CI: 1.3-3.7),"I think I can clean my teeth well without using toothpaste" (OR = 3.0, 95% CI: 1.5-5.9), "I have used a dye to see how clean my teeth are" (OR = 2.9, 95% CI: 1.9-4.3), and "I have had my dentist tell me that I brush very well" (OR = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.3-3.1). The dental education curriculum in a dental school compared to a <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> school in Colombia indicated that a three-phase curriculum in didactics and clinics increased oral health attitudes and behavior from entry to graduation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016APS..MARP23012P','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016APS..MARP23012P"><span id="translatedtitle">Gap <span class="hlt">engineering</span> using Hellmann-Feynmann <span class="hlt">forces</span>: method and applications</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Prasai, Kiran; Biawas, Parthapratim; Drabold, D. A.</p> <p></p> <p>Materials with optimized band gap are needed in many specialized applications. In this talk, we demonstrate that Hellmann-Feynman <span class="hlt">forces</span> associated with the gap states can be used to find atomic coordinates that yield desired electronic density of states. Using tight-binding models, we show that this approach may be used to arrive at electronically designed models of amorphous silicon and carbon. We provide a simple recipe to include a priori electronic information in the formation of computer models of materials, and prove that this information may have profound structural consequences. We'll briefly discuss implementation of the method in ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations and highlight the latest feats of the method ranging from modeling amorphous semi-conducting materials to understanding the structure and properties of memory materials. K. Prasai, P. Biswas, and D. A. Drabold, Scientific reports, 5 (2015).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AIPC.1335.1597S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AIPC.1335.1597S"><span id="translatedtitle">Development of Rapid, Continuous Calibration Techniques and Implementation as a Prototype System for <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Materials Evaluation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Scott, M. L.; Gagarin, N.; Mekemson, J. R.; Chintakunta, S. R.</p> <p>2011-06-01</p> <p>Until recently, <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> material calibration data could only be obtained from material sample cores or via time consuming, stationary calibration measurements in a limited number of locations. Calibration data are used to determine material propagation velocities of electromagnetic waves in test materials for use in layer thickness measurements and subsurface imaging. Limitations these calibration methods impose have been a significant impediment to broader use of nondestructive evaluation methods such as ground-penetrating radar (GPR). In 2006, a new rapid, continuous calibration approach was designed using simulation software to address these measurement limitations during a Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) research and development effort. This continuous calibration method combines a digitally-synthesized step-frequency (SF)-GPR array and a data collection protocol sequence for the common midpoint (CMP) method. Modeling and laboratory test results for various data collection protocols and materials are presented in this paper. The continuous-CMP concept was finally implemented for FHWA in a prototype demonstration system called the Advanced Pavement Evaluation (APE) system in 2009. Data from the continuous-CMP protocol is processed using a semblance/coherency analysis to determine material propagation velocities. Continuously calibrated pavement thicknesses measured with the APE system in 2009 are presented. This method is efficient, accurate, and cost-effective.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21511626','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21511626"><span id="translatedtitle">Development of rapid, continuous calibration techniques and implementation as a prototype system for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> materials evaluation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Scott, M. L.; Gagarin, N.; Mekemson, J. R.; Chintakunta, S. R.</p> <p>2011-06-23</p> <p>Until recently, <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> material calibration data could only be obtained from material sample cores or via time consuming, stationary calibration measurements in a limited number of locations. Calibration data are used to determine material propagation velocities of electromagnetic waves in test materials for use in layer thickness measurements and subsurface imaging. Limitations these calibration methods impose have been a significant impediment to broader use of nondestructive evaluation methods such as ground-penetrating radar (GPR). In 2006, a new rapid, continuous calibration approach was designed using simulation software to address these measurement limitations during a Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) research and development effort. This continuous calibration method combines a digitally-synthesized step-frequency (SF)-GPR array and a data collection protocol sequence for the common midpoint (CMP) method. Modeling and laboratory test results for various data collection protocols and materials are presented in this paper. The continuous-CMP concept was finally implemented for FHWA in a prototype demonstration system called the Advanced Pavement Evaluation (APE) system in 2009. Data from the continuous-CMP protocol is processed using a semblance/coherency analysis to determine material propagation velocities. Continuously calibrated pavement thicknesses measured with the APE system in 2009 are presented. This method is efficient, accurate, and cost-effective.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EJEE...40..506S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EJEE...40..506S"><span id="translatedtitle">Knowledge creation and innovation in a <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> course for the first-year university students</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Salmisto, Alpo; Nokelainen, Petri</p> <p>2015-09-01</p> <p>This article examines the application of knowledge creation learning and innovation to higher education in construction. The objectives are to demonstrate the application of the course based on knowledge creation learning to mass teaching and to analyse whether knowledge creation learning improves student motivation and learning. The empirical data (n = 120) consist of the results of a student survey from two university-level courses. The first course, Basics of Construction Management and Economics (n = 79), was developed on the basis of knowledge creation, and the second course, Building Project (n = 41), was implemented using the case-based learning method. The results, based on student self-assessments, showed that case-based learning supported the learning process more effectively than did the course based on knowledge creation. On the other hand, the results showed the relevance of applying knowledge creation-based learning to the mass teaching of construction in higher education. The findings of this empirical study suggest that more attention should focus on developing students' metacognitive skills in <span class="hlt">engineering</span> education.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19990089312&hterms=perfusion&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D80%26Ntt%3Dperfusion','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19990089312&hterms=perfusion&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D80%26Ntt%3Dperfusion"><span id="translatedtitle">Tissue <span class="hlt">Engineered</span> Skeletal Myofibers can Directly "Sense" Gravitational <span class="hlt">Force</span> Changes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Vandenburgh, Herman H.; Shansky, J.; DelTatto, M.; Lee, Peter; Meir, J.</p> <p>1999-01-01</p> <p>Long-term manned space flight requires a better understanding of skeletal muscle atrophy resulting from microgravity. Atrophy most likely results from changes at both the systemic level (e.g. decreased circulating growth hormone, increased circulating glucocorticoids) and locally (e.g. decreased myofiber resting tension). Differentiated skeletal myofibers in tissue culture have provided a model system over the last decade for gaining a better understanding of the interactions of exogenous growth factors, endogenous growth factors, and muscle fiber tension in regulating protein turnover rates and muscle cell growth. Tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span> these cells into three dimensional bioartificial muscle (BAM) constructs has allowed us to extend their use to Space flight studies for the potential future development of countermeasures. Embryonic avian muscle cells were isolated and BAMs tissue <span class="hlt">engineered</span> as described previously. The myoblasts proliferate and fuse into aligned postmitotic myofibers after ten to fourteen days in vitro. A cylindrical muscle-like structure containing several thousand myofibers is formed which is approximately 30 mm in length, 2-3 mm in diameter, and attached at each end. For the Space Shuttle experiments, the BAMs were transferred to 55 mL bioreactor cartridges (6 BAMs/cartridge). At Kennedy Space Center, the cartridges were mounted in two Space Tissue Loss (STL) Modules (three to four cartridges per Module) and either maintained as ground controls or loaded in a Mid-Deck locker of the Space Shuttle. The BAM cartridges were continuously perfused during the experiment at 1.5 mL/ min with tissue culture medium. Eighteen BAMs were flown for nine days on Mission STS66 while eighteen BAMs served as ground controls. The complete experiment was repeated on Mission STS77 with twenty four BAMs in each group. BAMs could be maintained in a healthy state for at least 30 days in the perfusion bioreactor cartridges. The BAM muscle fibers directly detected both the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26618929','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26618929"><span id="translatedtitle">Inferring the <span class="hlt">Forces</span> Controlling Metaphase Kinetochore Oscillations by Reverse <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> System Dynamics.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Armond, Jonathan W; Harry, Edward F; McAinsh, Andrew D; Burroughs, Nigel J</p> <p>2015-11-01</p> <p>Kinetochores are multi-protein complexes that mediate the physical coupling of sister chromatids to spindle microtubule bundles (called kinetochore (K)-fibres) from respective poles. These kinetochore-attached K-fibres generate pushing and pulling <span class="hlt">forces</span>, which combine with polar ejection <span class="hlt">forces</span> (PEF) and elastic inter-sister chromatin to govern chromosome movements. Classic experiments in meiotic cells using calibrated micro-needles measured an approximate stall <span class="hlt">force</span> for a chromosome, but methods that allow the systematic determination of <span class="hlt">forces</span> acting on a kinetochore in living cells are lacking. Here we report the development of mathematical models that can be fitted (reverse <span class="hlt">engineered</span>) to high-resolution kinetochore tracking data, thereby estimating the model parameters and allowing us to indirectly compute the (relative) <span class="hlt">force</span> components (K-fibre, spring <span class="hlt">force</span> and PEF) acting on individual sister kinetochores in vivo. We applied our methodology to thousands of human kinetochore pair trajectories and report distinct signatures in temporal <span class="hlt">force</span> profiles during directional switches. We found the K-fibre <span class="hlt">force</span> to be the dominant <span class="hlt">force</span> throughout oscillations, and the centromeric spring the smallest although it has the strongest directional switching signature. There is also structure throughout the metaphase plate, with a steeper PEF potential well towards the periphery and a concomitant reduction in plate thickness and oscillation amplitude. This data driven reverse <span class="hlt">engineering</span> approach is sufficiently flexible to allow fitting of more complex mechanistic models; mathematical models of kinetochore dynamics can therefore be thoroughly tested on experimental data for the first time. Future work will now be able to map out how individual proteins contribute to kinetochore-based <span class="hlt">force</span> generation and sensing.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1983IINA........23L','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1983IINA........23L"><span id="translatedtitle">The use of telecommunications satellites by the air, sea, and land military <span class="hlt">forces</span> and by <span class="hlt">civil</span> defense - Project SICRAL AM/136/80</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Lorenzoni, A.</p> <p>1983-03-01</p> <p>The projected uses and design concept of SICRAL, an Italian satellite program being developed for classified and emergency communications, are discussed. It is shown that a dedicated satellite, as a complement to terrestrial systems, is ideally suited to serve the needs of the armed <span class="hlt">forces</span>, in cooperation with NATO, and of the <span class="hlt">civil</span> defense organizations. SICRAL should provide normal and secure telephone, telegraph and teletype, facsimile, and data-transmission services to a variable mix of fixed and mobile stations, using the SHF, UHF, and EHF bands. Present plans call for two 1400-kg triaxially stabilized multiple-payload-type geostationary satellites, one operational and one in reserve, with a third satellite ready for launch as soon as the reserve satellite becomes operational. SICRAL could be launched by Ariane IV or Shuttle for preoperational testing within five years and full operational status in six or seven years, including time for ground-facility construction.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li class="active"><span>12</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_12 --> <div id="page_13" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li class="active"><span>13</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="241"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED468818.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED468818.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Older Doctoral Scientists and <span class="hlt">Engineers</span>: Selected Labor <span class="hlt">Force</span> Characteristics. Special Report.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Morgan, Robert P.</p> <p></p> <p>This report presents the labor <span class="hlt">force</span> characteristics of older doctoral scientists and <span class="hlt">engineers</span> using data from the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Survey of Doctorate Recipients (SDR) from 1997. The information presented in the report includes employment, education, and demographic data on all graduate degrees considering the age factor. (YDS)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011brvd.book..227D','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011brvd.book..227D"><span id="translatedtitle">Effects of Hemodynamic <span class="hlt">Forces</span> on the Vascular Differentiation of Stem Cells: Implications for Vascular Graft <span class="hlt">Engineering</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Diop, Rokhaya; Li, Song</p> <p></p> <p>Although the field of vascular tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span> has made tremendous advances in the past decade, several complications have yet to be overcome in order to produce biocompatible small-diameter vascular conduits with long-term patency. Stem cells and progenitor cells represent potential cell sources in the development of autologous (or allogeneic), nonthrombogenic vascular grafts with mechanical properties comparable to native blood vessel. However, a better understanding of the effects of mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span> on stem cells and progenitor cells is needed to properly utilize these cells for tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span> applications. In this chapter, we discuss the current understanding of the effects of hemodynamic <span class="hlt">forces</span> on the differentiation and function of adult stem cells, embryonic stem cells, and progenitor cells. We also review the use of stem cells and progenitor cells in vascular graft <span class="hlt">engineering</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=newtons+AND+second+AND+law+AND+motion&pg=3&id=EJ391286','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=newtons+AND+second+AND+law+AND+motion&pg=3&id=EJ391286"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Force</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Gamble, Reed</p> <p>1989-01-01</p> <p>Discusses pupil misconceptions concerning <span class="hlt">forces</span>. Summarizes some of Assessment of Performance Unit's findings on meaning of (1) <span class="hlt">force</span>, (2) <span class="hlt">force</span> and motion in one dimension and two dimensions, and (3) Newton's second law. (YP)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca3260/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca3260/"><span id="translatedtitle">Beale Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry PhasedArray Warning ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Beale Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Storage Building, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013VSD....51..721A','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013VSD....51..721A"><span id="translatedtitle">Introducing a new semi-active <span class="hlt">engine</span> mount using <span class="hlt">force</span> controlled variable stiffness</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Azadi, Mojtaba; Behzadipour, Saeed; Faulkner, Gary</p> <p>2013-05-01</p> <p>This work introduces a new concept in designing semi-active <span class="hlt">engine</span> mounts. <span class="hlt">Engine</span> mounts are under continuous development to provide better and more cost-effective <span class="hlt">engine</span> vibration control. Passive <span class="hlt">engine</span> mounts do not provide satisfactory solution. Available semi-active and active mounts provide better solutions but they are more complex and expensive. The variable stiffness <span class="hlt">engine</span> mount (VSEM) is a semi-active <span class="hlt">engine</span> mount with a simple ON-OFF control strategy. However, unlike available semi-active <span class="hlt">engine</span> mounts that work based on damping change, the VSEM works based on the static stiffness change by using a new fast response <span class="hlt">force</span> controlled variable spring. The VSEM is an improved version of the vibration mount introduced by the authors in their previous work. The results showed significant performance improvements over a passive rubber mount. The VSEM also provides better vibration control than a hydromount at idle speed. Low hysteresis and the ability to be modelled by a linear model in low-frequency are the advantages of the VSEM over the vibration isolator introduced earlier and available hydromounts. These specifications facilitate the use of VSEM in the automotive industry, however, further evaluation and developments are needed for this purpose.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21987019','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21987019"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> partnerships five years on.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ross, Helen; Gask, Karen; Berrington, Ann</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Partnership Act 2004, which came into <span class="hlt">force</span> in December 2005 allowing same-sex couples in the UK to register their relationship for the first time, celebrated its fifth anniversary in December 2010. This article examines <span class="hlt">civil</span> partnership in England and Wales, five years on from its introduction. The characteristics of those forming <span class="hlt">civil</span> partnerships between 2005 and 2010 including age, sex and previous marital/<span class="hlt">civil</span> partnership status are examined. These are then compared with the characteristics of those marrying over the same period. Further comparisons are also made between <span class="hlt">civil</span> partnership dissolutions and divorce. The article presents estimates of the number of people currently in <span class="hlt">civil</span> partnerships and children of <span class="hlt">civil</span> partners. Finally the article examines attitudes towards same-sex and <span class="hlt">civil</span> partner couples both in the UK and in other countries across Europe.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20040084442','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20040084442"><span id="translatedtitle">Multidisciplinary Design Optimization for Aeropropulsion <span class="hlt">Engines</span> and Solid Modeling/Animation via the Integrated <span class="hlt">Forced</span> Methods</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>The grant closure report is organized in the following four chapters: Chapter describes the two research areas Design optimization and Solid mechanics. Ten journal publications are listed in the second chapter. Five highlights is the subject matter of chapter three. CHAPTER 1. The Design Optimization Test Bed CometBoards. CHAPTER 2. Solid Mechanics: Integrated <span class="hlt">Force</span> Method of Analysis. CHAPTER 3. Five Highlights: Neural Network and Regression Methods Demonstrated in the Design Optimization of a Subsonic Aircraft. Neural Network and Regression Soft Model Extended for PX-300 Aircraft <span class="hlt">Engine</span>. <span class="hlt">Engine</span> with Regression and Neural Network Approximators Designed. Cascade Optimization Strategy with Neural network and Regression Approximations Demonstrated on a Preliminary Aircraft <span class="hlt">Engine</span> Design. Neural Network and Regression Approximations Used in Aircraft Design.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=comet&pg=6&id=EJ275166','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=comet&pg=6&id=EJ275166"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> a Classroom Discussion.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Smith, Walter E.</p> <p>1983-01-01</p> <p>Describes physical science activities that <span class="hlt">civil</span>/mechanical <span class="hlt">engineers</span> (serving as resource persons) can use with students during units on <span class="hlt">force</span>, work, center of gravity, simple machines, and other basic mechanics concepts. Activities are adapted from Career Oriented Modules to Explore Topics in Science for grades 5-9 (COMETS). (Author/JN)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/id0289.photos.334076p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/id0289.photos.334076p/"><span id="translatedtitle">14. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing (original drawing, #MH 10460086, dated ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>14. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing (original drawing, #MH 104-600-86, dated October 31, 1995, and drawn by W. Robinson, is located in the Mountain Home Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> archives). - Mountain Home Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Base Chapel, 350 Willow Street, Cantonment Area, Mountain Home, Elmore County, ID</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4740402','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4740402"><span id="translatedtitle">Analysis of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor-Mediated Decline in Contractile <span class="hlt">Force</span> in Rat <span class="hlt">Engineered</span> Heart Tissue</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Cuello, Friederike; Luther, Pradeep; Schulze, Thomas; Eder, Alexandra; Streichert, Thomas; Mannhardt, Ingra; Hirt, Marc N.; Schaaf, Sebastian; Stenzig, Justus; Force, Thomas</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Introduction Left ventricular dysfunction is a frequent and potentially severe side effect of many tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). The mode of toxicity is not identified, but may include impairment of mitochondrial or sarcomeric function, autophagy or angiogenesis, either as an on-target or off-target mechanism. Methods and Results We studied concentration-response curves and time courses for nine TKIs in three-dimensional, <span class="hlt">force</span> generating <span class="hlt">engineered</span> heart tissue (EHT) from neonatal rat heart cells. We detected a concentration- and time-dependent decline in contractile <span class="hlt">force</span> for gefitinib, lapatinib, sunitinib, imatinib, sorafenib, vandetanib and lestaurtinib and no decline in contractile <span class="hlt">force</span> for erlotinib and dasatinib after 96 hours of incubation. The decline in contractile <span class="hlt">force</span> was associated with an impairment of autophagy (LC3 Western blot) and appearance of autophagolysosomes (transmission electron microscopy). Conclusion This study demonstrates the feasibility to study TKI-mediated <span class="hlt">force</span> effects in EHTs and identifies an association between a decline in contractility and inhibition of autophagic flux. PMID:26840448</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-11-26/pdf/2013-28308.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-11-26/pdf/2013-28308.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 70540 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-11-26</p> <p>... specific mission sets such as security <span class="hlt">forces</span>, <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> and science and technology. --Testimony... (``the Commission'') (78 FR 68826-68828, November 15, 2013). DATES: Dates of Closed Meeting, including..., Homeland Security, and Defense Support to <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Agencies. This will include implications for the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-11-14/pdf/2013-27270.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-11-14/pdf/2013-27270.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 68425 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-11-14</p> <p>... missions such as Homeland Defense, Homeland Security, and Defense Support to <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Agencies. This will... Support, Training and Education, and other specific mission sets such as security <span class="hlt">forces</span>, <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> and science and technology. -- Projections and assumptions about future resource levels that...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4727687','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4727687"><span id="translatedtitle">Mechanobiology and Mechanotherapy of Adipose Tissue-Effect of Mechanical <span class="hlt">Force</span> on Fat Tissue <span class="hlt">Engineering</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Yuan, Yi</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Summary: Our bodies are subjected to various mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span>, which in turn affect both the structure and function of our bodies. In particular, these mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span> play an important role in tissue growth and regeneration. Adipocytes and adipose-derived stem cells are both mechanosensitive and mechanoresponsive. The aim of this review is to summarize the relationship between mechanobiology and adipogenesis. PubMed was used to search for articles using the following keywords: mechanobiology, adipogenesis, adipose-derived stem cells, and cytoskeleton. In vitro and in vivo experiments have shown that adipogenesis is strongly promoted/inhibited by various internal and external mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span>, and that these effects are mediated by changes in the cytoskeleton of adipose-derived stem cells and/or various signaling pathways. Thus, adipose tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span> could be enhanced by the careful application of mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span>. It was shown recently that mature adipose tissue regenerates in an adipose tissue-<span class="hlt">engineering</span> chamber. This observation has great potential for the reconstruction of soft tissue deficiencies, but the mechanisms behind it remain to be elucidated. On the basis of our understanding of mechanobiology, we hypothesize that the chamber removes mechanical <span class="hlt">force</span> on the fat that normally impose high cytoskeletal tension. The reduction in tension in adipose stem cells triggers their differentiation into adipocytes. The improvement in our understanding of the relationship between mechanobiology and adipogenesis means that in the near future, we may be able to increase or decrease body fat, as needed in the clinic, by controlling the tension that is loaded onto fat. PMID:26894003</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26894003','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26894003"><span id="translatedtitle">Mechanobiology and Mechanotherapy of Adipose Tissue-Effect of Mechanical <span class="hlt">Force</span> on Fat Tissue <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Yuan, Yi; Gao, Jianhua; Ogawa, Rei</p> <p>2015-12-01</p> <p>Our bodies are subjected to various mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span>, which in turn affect both the structure and function of our bodies. In particular, these mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span> play an important role in tissue growth and regeneration. Adipocytes and adipose-derived stem cells are both mechanosensitive and mechanoresponsive. The aim of this review is to summarize the relationship between mechanobiology and adipogenesis. PubMed was used to search for articles using the following keywords: mechanobiology, adipogenesis, adipose-derived stem cells, and cytoskeleton. In vitro and in vivo experiments have shown that adipogenesis is strongly promoted/inhibited by various internal and external mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span>, and that these effects are mediated by changes in the cytoskeleton of adipose-derived stem cells and/or various signaling pathways. Thus, adipose tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span> could be enhanced by the careful application of mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span>. It was shown recently that mature adipose tissue regenerates in an adipose tissue-<span class="hlt">engineering</span> chamber. This observation has great potential for the reconstruction of soft tissue deficiencies, but the mechanisms behind it remain to be elucidated. On the basis of our understanding of mechanobiology, we hypothesize that the chamber removes mechanical <span class="hlt">force</span> on the fat that normally impose high cytoskeletal tension. The reduction in tension in adipose stem cells triggers their differentiation into adipocytes. The improvement in our understanding of the relationship between mechanobiology and adipogenesis means that in the near future, we may be able to increase or decrease body fat, as needed in the clinic, by controlling the tension that is loaded onto fat.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2011-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2011-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.13 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. 855.13 Section 855.13 National... UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits § 855.13 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. (a) <span class="hlt">Civil</span>... or provide a static display. (2) A flying safety seminar. (b) <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-in procedures: (1)...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2014-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2014-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.13 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. 855.13 Section 855.13 National... UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits § 855.13 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. (a) <span class="hlt">Civil</span>... or provide a static display. (2) A flying safety seminar. (b) <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-in procedures: (1)...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2013-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2013-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.13 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. 855.13 Section 855.13 National... UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits § 855.13 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. (a) <span class="hlt">Civil</span>... or provide a static display. (2) A flying safety seminar. (b) <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-in procedures: (1)...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2012-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2012-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.13 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. 855.13 Section 855.13 National... UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits § 855.13 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. (a) <span class="hlt">Civil</span>... or provide a static display. (2) A flying safety seminar. (b) <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-in procedures: (1)...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol6-sec855-13.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.13 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. 855.13 Section 855.13 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRCRAFT <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits § 855.13 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> fly-ins. (a)...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11106807','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11106807"><span id="translatedtitle">Mechanical design of proteins studied by single-molecule <span class="hlt">force</span> spectroscopy and protein <span class="hlt">engineering</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Carrion-Vazquez, M; Oberhauser, A F; Fisher, T E; Marszalek, P E; Li, H; Fernandez, J M</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>Mechanical unfolding and refolding may regulate the molecular elasticity of modular proteins with mechanical functions. The development of the atomic <span class="hlt">force</span> microscopy (AFM) has recently enabled the dynamic measurement of these processes at the single-molecule level. Protein <span class="hlt">engineering</span> techniques allow the construction of homomeric polyproteins for the precise analysis of the mechanical unfolding of single domains. alpha-Helical domains are mechanically compliant, whereas beta-sandwich domains, particularly those that resist unfolding with backbone hydrogen bonds between strands perpendicular to the applied <span class="hlt">force</span>, are more stable and appear frequently in proteins subject to mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span>. The mechanical stability of a domain seems to be determined by its hydrogen bonding pattern and is correlated with its kinetic stability rather than its thermodynamic stability. <span class="hlt">Force</span> spectroscopy using AFM promises to elucidate the dynamic mechanical properties of a wide variety of proteins at the single molecule level and provide an important complement to other structural and dynamic techniques (e.g., X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, patch-clamp). PMID:11106807</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li class="active"><span>13</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_13 --> <div id="page_14" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li class="active"><span>14</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="261"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-01-28/pdf/2013-01656.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-01-28/pdf/2013-01656.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 5760 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-28</p> <p>... Department of the Army, Corps of <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> 33 CFR Part 326 RIN 0710-AA66 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Monetary Penalty Inflation... <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> (Corps) is proposing to amend its regulations to adjust its Class I <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties under the... <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties to account for inflation is required by the Federal <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties Inflation...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED317817.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED317817.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> Drafting.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Schertz, Karen; Kellum, Mary, Ed.</p> <p></p> <p>This curriculum guide contains a course in <span class="hlt">civil</span> drafting to train entry-level workers for jobs in the field. The module contains 12 instructional units that cover the following topics: (1) introduction to <span class="hlt">civil</span> drafting; (2) map scales and measurement; (3) standard symbols and abbreviations; (4) interpretation of surveyor's notations; (5) legal…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2810833','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2810833"><span id="translatedtitle">Using the PhysX <span class="hlt">engine</span> for Physics-based Virtual Surgery with <span class="hlt">Force</span> Feedback</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Maciel, Anderson; Halic, Tansel; Lu, Zhonghua; Nedel, Luciana P.; De, Suvranu</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Background The development of modern surgical simulators is highly challenging as they must support complex simulation environments. The demand for higher realism in such simulators has driven researchers to adopt physics-based models which are computationally very demanding. This poses a major problem since real time interactions must permit graphical updates of 30 Hz and a much higher rate of 1 kHz for <span class="hlt">force</span> feedback (haptics). Recently several physics <span class="hlt">engines</span> have been developed which offer multi-physics simulation capabilities including rigid and deformable bodies, cloth and fluids. While such physics <span class="hlt">engines</span> provide unique opportunities for the development of surgical simulators, their higher latencies, compared to what is necessary for real time graphics and haptics, offer significant barriers to their use in interactive simulation environments. Methods In this work, we propose solutions to this problem and demonstrate how a multimodal surgical simulation environment may be developed based on NVIDIA’s PhysX physics library. Hence, models that are undergoing relatively low frequency updates in PhysX can exist in an environment that demands much higher frequency updates for haptics. We use a collision handling layer to interface between the physical response provided by PhysX and the haptic rendering device to provide both real time tissue response and <span class="hlt">force</span> feedback. Results Our simulator integrates a bimanual haptic interface for <span class="hlt">force</span>-feedback and per-pixel shaders for graphics realism in real time. To demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach, we present the simulation of the Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) procedure as a case study. Conclusions To develop complex and realistic surgical trainers with realistic organ geometries and tissue properties demands stable physics-based deformation methods which are not always compatible with the interaction level required for such trainers. We have shown that combining different modeling</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12804264','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12804264"><span id="translatedtitle">How can we learn to live with rivers? The findings of the Institution of <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> Presidential Commission on flood-risk management.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Fleming, George</p> <p>2002-07-15</p> <p>In the wake of the floods of 1998 and 2000 the Government invited the Institution of <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> (ICE) to carry out a technical review of flood-risk management in England and Wales and to consider the most appropriate approaches to flood-risk management for the 21st century. The findings of this Commission are published in the ICE report Learning to live with rivers. Further information on the Commission and its work is available at www.icenet.org.uk/presidential.htm. This paper provides an introduction to the need for such a review and the scope of the Commission's work. A summary of the findings of the Commission are presented along with key recommendations for improved flood-risk management in the future.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009JMEP...18..738T','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009JMEP...18..738T"><span id="translatedtitle">Damping in <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Using SMA. The Fatigue Behavior and Stability of CuAlBe and NiTi Alloys</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Torra, V.; Isalgue, A.; Auguet, C.; Carreras, G.; Lovey, F. C.; Soul, H.; Terriault, P.</p> <p>2009-08-01</p> <p>Two types of application in damping of structures by SMA in <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> are considered. The first one is related to the reduction of the damage produced by earthquakes. The second one is concerned with the increase of the lifetime of the stayed cables in bridges. The analyses of the experimental conditions required for each application are different: Several years or decades without any activity (excepted the summer-winter room temperature parasitic effects) followed by one or two minutes of oscillations under the earthquake affects, or near 100000 oscillations per day with pauses of several hours or days in the damping of stayed cables in bridges. This article analyzes the fatigue behavior of the CuAlBe alloy (appropriate for earthquakes) and of the NiTi alloy. Measurements of the damping of stayed cables indicate that the oscillation amplitude could be reduced up to one-third by using a NiTi wire as a damper device.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=world+AND+history+AND+ancient+AND+civilizations&pg=2&id=EJ620168','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=world+AND+history+AND+ancient+AND+civilizations&pg=2&id=EJ620168"><span id="translatedtitle">Ancient <span class="hlt">Civilizations</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Web Feet K-8, 2000</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>This subject guide includes Web sites and other resources on ancient <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> with age levels and appropriate subject disciplines specified. Also includes CD-ROMs and software, videos, books, audios, magazines, professional resources, and a sample student assignment. (LRW)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20040056136','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20040056136"><span id="translatedtitle">Turbine <span class="hlt">Engine</span> Stability/Instability With Rub <span class="hlt">Forces</span> Axisymmetric Rotor-Support Stiffness</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Gallardo, Vicente; Lawrence, Charles</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>The stability/instability condition of a turbine rotor with axisymmetric supports is determined in the presence of gyroscopic loads and rub-induced destabilizing <span class="hlt">forces</span>. A modal representation of the turbine <span class="hlt">engine</span> is used, with one mode in each of the vertical and horizontal planes. The use of non-spinning rotor modes permits an explicit treatment of gyroscopic effects. The two linearized modal equations of motion of a rotor with axisymmetric supports are reduced to a single equation in a complex variable. The resulting eigenvalues yield explicit expressions at the stability boundary, for the whirl frequency as well as the required damping for stability in the presence of the available rub-induced destabilization. Conversely, the allowable destabilization in the presence of the available damping is also given.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4921199','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4921199"><span id="translatedtitle">Physiologic <span class="hlt">force</span>-frequency in <span class="hlt">engineered</span> heart muscle by electromechanical stimulation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Godier-Furnémont, Amandine F. G.; Tiburcy, Malte; Wagner, Eva; Dewenter, Matthias; Lämmle, Simon; El-Armouche, Ali; Lehnart, Stephan E.; Vunjak-Novakovic, Gordana; Zimmermann, Wolfram-Hubertus</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>A hallmark of mature mammalian ventricular myocardium is a positive <span class="hlt">force</span>-frequency relationship (FFR). Despite evidence of organotypic structural and molecular maturation, a positive FFR has not been observed in mammalian tissue <span class="hlt">engineered</span> heart muscle. We hypothesized that concurrent mechanical and electrical stimulation at frequencies matching physiological heart rate will result in functional maturation. To this end, we investigated the role of such biomimetic mechanical and electrical stimulation in functional maturation in <span class="hlt">engineered</span> heart muscle (EHM) comprising collagen type I and neonatal rat heart cells. Following tissue consolidation (8 days), EHM were subjected to electrical field stimulation at 0, 2, 4, or 6 Hz for 5 days, while strained on flexible poles to facilitate auxotonic contractions. EHM stimulated at 2 and 4 Hz displayed a similarly enhanced inotropic reserve, but a clearly diverging FFR. The positive FFR in 4 Hz stimulated EHM was associated with reduced calcium sensitivity, frequency-dependent acceleration of relaxation, and enhanced post-rest potentiation. This was paralleled on the cellular level with improved calcium storage and release capacity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, increased amounts of SERCA2a and RyR2 protein, and enhanced T-tubulation. We demonstrate that electromechanical stimulation at a frequency matching closely the physiological heart rate supports functional maturation in mammalian EHM. The observed positive FFR in EHM has important implications for the applicability of EHM in cardiovascular research and drug testing. PMID:25985155</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..1715775P','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..1715775P"><span id="translatedtitle">Design and testing of Ground Penetrating Radar equipment dedicated for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> applications: ongoing activities in Working Group 1 of COST Action TU1208</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Pajewski, Lara; Manacorda, Guido; Persico, Raffaele</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>This work aims at presenting the ongoing research activities carried out in Working Group 1 'Novel GPR instrumentation' of the COST (European COoperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 '<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar' (www.GPRadar.eu). The principal goal of the COST Action TU1208 is to exchange and increase scientific-technical knowledge and experience of GPR techniques in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, simultaneously promoting throughout Europe the effective use of this safe and non-destructive technique in the monitoring of infrastructures and structures. Working Group 1 (WG1) of the Action focuses on the development of innovative GPR equipment dedicated for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> applications. It includes three Projects. Project 1.1 is focused on the 'Design, realisation and optimisation of innovative GPR equipment for the monitoring of critical transport infrastructures and buildings, and for the sensing of underground utilities and voids.' Project 1.2 is concerned with the 'Development and definition of advanced testing, calibration and stability procedures and protocols, for GPR equipment.' Project 1.3 deals with the 'Design, modelling and optimisation of GPR antennas.' During the first year of the Action, WG1 Members coordinated between themselves to address the state of the art and open problems in the scientific fields identified by the above-mentioned Projects [1, 2]. In carrying our this work, the WG1 strongly benefited from the participation of IDS Ingegneria dei Sistemi, one of the biggest GPR manufacturers, as well as from the contribution of external experts as David J. Daniels and Erica Utsi, sharing with the Action Members their wide experience on GPR technology and methodology (First General Meeting, July 2013). The synergy with WG2 and WG4 of the Action was useful for a deep understanding of the problems, merits and limits of available GPR equipment, as well as to discuss how to quantify the reliability of GPR results. An</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Topographic+AND+profiles&id=ED449372','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Topographic+AND+profiles&id=ED449372"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> Technology Applications. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Schertz, Karen</p> <p></p> <p>Teacher and student editions of <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Technology Applications are one in a series of competency-based instructional materials for drafting and <span class="hlt">civil</span> technology programs. It includes the technical content and tasks necessary for a student to be employed as a drafter or <span class="hlt">civil</span> technician in a <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> firm. Introductory pages in the teacher…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/id0289.photos.334074p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/id0289.photos.334074p/"><span id="translatedtitle">13. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing (original drawing,(original drawing, #MH 10460086, ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>13. Photocopy of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> drawing (original drawing,(original drawing, #MH 104-600-86, dated October 31, 1995, and drawn by W. Robinson, is located in the Mountain Home Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> archives. This 1995 drawing is a copy of drawing #MH 104-600-06, dated December 21, 1955, entitled "Repair Exterior Siding Elev. & Exterior Painting. Bldg. 611," also located in the Mountain Home Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> archives). FAC 611. - Mountain Home Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Base Chapel, 350 Willow Street, Cantonment Area, Mountain Home, Elmore County, ID</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED452125.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED452125.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> Disobedience.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Martz, Carlton</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>This theme issue looks at three historical and recent instances of <span class="hlt">civil</span> disobedience. The first article examines the Free Speech Movement, which arose on the Berkeley campus of the University of California in the 1960s. The second article recounts the struggle of Mahatma Gandhi to free India from the British Empire. The final article explores the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16609722','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16609722"><span id="translatedtitle">The Small Helm Project: an academic activity addressing international corruption for undergraduate <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> and construction management students.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Benzley, Steven E</p> <p>2006-04-01</p> <p>This paper presents an academic project that addresses the issue of international corruption in the <span class="hlt">engineering</span> and construction industry, in a manner that effectively incorporates several learning experiences. The major objectives of the project are to provide the students a learning activity that will 1) make a meaningful contribution within the disciplines being studied; 2) teach by experience a significant principle that can be valuable in numerous situations during an individual's career, and 3) engage the minds, experiences, and enthusiasm of the participants in a real ethical challenge that is prevalent in all of their chosen professional fields. The paper describes the full details of the project, the actual implementation of it during Winter Semester 2005, the experiences gained during the initial trial, and the modifications and improvements incorporated for future implementation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26481158','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26481158"><span id="translatedtitle">Possible role of mechanical <span class="hlt">force</span> in regulating regeneration of the vascularized fat flap inside a tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span> chamber.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ye, Yuan; Yuan, Yi; Lu, Feng; Gao, Jianhua</p> <p>2015-12-01</p> <p>In plastic and reconstructive surgery, adipose tissue is widely used as effective filler for tissue defects. Strategies for treating soft tissue deficiency, which include free adipose tissue grafts, use of hyaluronic acid, collagen injections, and implantation of synthetic materials, have several clinical limitations. With the aim of overcoming these limitations, researchers have recently utilized tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span> chambers to produce large volumes of <span class="hlt">engineered</span> vascularized fat tissue. However, the process of growing fat tissue in a chamber is still relatively limited, and can result in unpredictable or dissatisfactory final tissue volumes. Therefore, detailed understanding of the process is both necessary and urgent. Many studies have shown that mechanical <span class="hlt">force</span> can change the function of cells via mechanotransduction. Here, we hypothesized that, besides the inflammatory response, one of the key factors to control the regeneration of vascularized fat flap inside a tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span> chamber might be the balance of mechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span>. To test our hypothesis, we intend to change the balance of <span class="hlt">forces</span> by means of measures in order to make the equilibrium point in favor of the direction of regeneration. If those measures proved to be feasible, they could be applied in clinical practice to <span class="hlt">engineer</span> vascularized adipose tissue of predictable size and shape, which would in turn help in the advancement of tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19705666','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19705666"><span id="translatedtitle">Two treatment methods for stormwater sediments--pilot plant and landfarming--and reuse of the treated sediments in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Petavy, F; Ruban, V; Conil, P; Viau, J Y; Auriol, J C</p> <p>2009-07-01</p> <p>The aim of this research was to present a pilot plant for the treatment of stormwater sediments and to compare the decontamination rate to that obtained by landfarming. The possibilities for reuse of the treated sediments in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> are also studied. Four sediments from retention/infiltration ponds or from street sweeping were studied. In each case organic matter (OM), total hydrocarbons (TH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were measured. Geotechnical tests were carried out to evaluate the reuse possibilities of the treated sediments. Treatment by means of the pilot plant was efficient at reducing TH and PAH concentrations: THs were reduced by 53-97% and PAHs were decreased by 60-95%. By comparison, a reduction of 45-75% in TH concentration is obtained with landfarming, whereas there is no significant decrease in PAHs. Furthermore, geotechnical tests showed that the treated fractions from the pilot plant can be reused as road embankments and as a capping layer. These results are most encouraging and show that stormwater sediments can valuably be reused after treatment in a pilot plant. Landfarming is less efficient but this technique could be used as a pretreatment in the case of high TH pollution.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/mi0554.photos.341240p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/mi0554.photos.341240p/"><span id="translatedtitle">Photographic copy of plan drawing, Department of the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span>, ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Photographic copy of plan drawing, Department of the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span>, Air Defense Command Directorate of Installations, May 28, 1954, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> Office, in possession of Selfridge Base Museum, Mt. Clemens, Michigan. FLOOR PLAN, 826-198-4 - Selfridge Field, Building No. 199, South of George Avenue between Walnut & Birch Streets, Mount Clemens, Macomb County, MI</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6422496','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6422496"><span id="translatedtitle">Fuel injection control apparatus with <span class="hlt">forced</span> fuel injection during <span class="hlt">engine</span> startup period</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Ibuki, N.; Takemoto, E.; Hayakawa, T.; Hasegawa, T.; Nagase, M.</p> <p>1988-11-22</p> <p>This patent describes a fuel injection control apparatus for an internal combustion diesel <span class="hlt">engine</span> which is started by an <span class="hlt">engine</span> starter, comprising: <span class="hlt">engine</span> operating parameter detecting means for detecting operating parameters of the <span class="hlt">engine</span>, the operating parameter detecting means including an <span class="hlt">engine</span> speed sensor which generates by electromagnetic induction an <span class="hlt">engine</span> speed indicating sinusoidal signal having a frequency indicating the speed of the <span class="hlt">engine</span> when the speed is higher than a predetermined speed value and an amplitude variable as a function of the speed of the <span class="hlt">engine</span> when the speed is lower than the predetermined speed value and a substantially constant amplitude when the <span class="hlt">engine</span> speed is higher than the predetermined speed value; fuel injection quantity of calculating means for calculating the quantity of fuel to be supplied to the <span class="hlt">engine</span> in accordance with the detected operating parameters of the <span class="hlt">engine</span>; <span class="hlt">engine</span> start detecting means for detecting when the <span class="hlt">engine</span> starter is being operated and generating an output signal indicating the operation of the <span class="hlt">engine</span> starter; verifying means for verifying that the speed indicating signal is valid or invalid depending on whether the amplitude is higher or lower than a predetermined threshold, respectively.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19790022017','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19790022017"><span id="translatedtitle">A summary of NASA/Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> full scale <span class="hlt">engine</span> research programs using the F100 <span class="hlt">engine</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Deskin, W. J.; Hurrell, H. G.</p> <p>1979-01-01</p> <p>A full scale <span class="hlt">engine</span> research (FSER) program conducted with the F100 <span class="hlt">engine</span> is presented. The program mechanism is described and the F100 test vehicles utilized are illustrated. Technology items were addressed in the areas of swirl augmentation, flutter phenomenon, advanced electronic control logic theory, strain gage technology and distortion sensitivity. The associated test programs are described. The FSER approach utilizes existing state of the art <span class="hlt">engine</span> hardware to evaluate advanced technology concepts and problem areas. Aerodynamic phenomenon previously not considered by design systems were identified and incorporated into industry design tools.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20030064095','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20030064095"><span id="translatedtitle">Experimental Assessment of the Emissions Control Potential of a Rich/Quench/ Lean Combustor for High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport Aircraft <span class="hlt">Engines</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Tacina, Robert R. (Technical Monitor); Rosfjord, T. J.; Padget, F. C.</p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>In support of Pratt & Whitney efforts to define the Rich burn/Quick mix/Lean burn (RQL) combustor for the High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT) aircraft <span class="hlt">engine</span>, UTRC conducted a flametube-scale study of the RQL concept. Extensive combustor testing was performed at the Supersonic Cruise (SSC) condition of an HSCT <span class="hlt">engine</span> cycle. Data obtained from probe traverses near the exit of the mixing section confirmed that the mixing section was the critical component in controlling combustor emissions. Circular-hole configurations, which produced rapidly-, highly-penetrating jets, were most effective in limiting NO(x). The spatial profiles of NO(x) and CO at the mixer exit were not directly interpretable using a simple flow model based on jet penetration, and a greater understanding of the flow and chemical processes in this section are required to optimize it. Neither the rich-combustor equivalence ratio nor its residence time was a direct contributor to the exit NO(x). Based on this study, it was also concluded that: (1) While NO(x) formation in both the mixing section and the lean combustor contribute to the overall emission, the NOx formation in the mixing section dominates. The gas composition exiting the rich combustor can be reasonably represented by the equilibrium composition corresponding to the rich combustor operating condition. Negligible NO(x) exits the rich combustor. (2) At the SSC condition, the oxidation processes occurring in the mixing section consume 99 percent of the CO exiting the rich combustor. Soot formed in the rich combustor is also highly oxidized, with combustor exit SAE Smoke Number <3. (3) Mixing section configurations which demonstrated enhanced emissions control at SSC also performed better at part-power conditions. Data from mixer exit traverses reflected the expected mixing behavior for off-design jet to crossflow momentum-flux ratios. (4) Low power operating conditions require that the RQL combustor operate as a lean-lean combustor to achieve</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20010015502','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20010015502"><span id="translatedtitle">Experimental Assessment of the Emissions Control Potential of a Rich/Quench/Lean Combustor for High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport Aircraft <span class="hlt">Engines</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Rosfjord, T. J.; Padget, F. C.; Tacina, Robert R. (Technical Monitor)</p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>In support of Pratt & Whitney efforts to define the Rich burn/Quick mix/Lean burn (RQL) combustor for the High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT) aircraft <span class="hlt">engine</span>, UTRC conducted a flametube-scale study of the RQL concept. Extensive combustor testing was performed at the Supersonic Cruise (SSC) condition of a HSCT <span class="hlt">engine</span> cycle, Data obtained from probe traverses near the exit of the mixing section confirmed that the mixing section was the critical component in controlling combustor emissions. Circular-hole configurations, which produced rapidly-, highly-penetrating jets, were most effective in limiting NOx. The spatial profiles of NOx and CO at the mixer exit were not directly interpretable using a simple flow model based on jet penetration, and a greater understanding of the flow and chemical processes in this section are required to optimize it. Neither the rich-combustor equivalence ratio nor its residence time was a direct contributor to the exit NOx. Based on this study, it was also concluded that (1) While NOx formation in both the mixing section and the lean combustor contribute to the overall emission, the NOx formation in the mixing section dominates. The gas composition exiting the rich combustor can be reasonably represented by the equilibrium composition corresponding to the rich combustor operating condition. Negligible NOx exits the rich combustor. (2) At the SSC condition, the oxidation processes occurring in the mixing section consume 99 percent of the CO exiting the rich combustor. Soot formed in the rich combustor is also highly oxidized, with combustor exit SAE Smoke Number <3. (3) Mixing section configurations which demonstrated enhanced emissions control at SSC also performed better at part-power conditions. Data from mixer exit traverses reflected the expected mixing behavior for off-design jet to crossflow momentum-flux ratios. (4) Low power operating conditions require that the RQL combustor operate as a lean-lean combustor to achieve low CO and</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li class="active"><span>14</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_14 --> <div id="page_15" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li class="active"><span>15</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="281"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10176872','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10176872"><span id="translatedtitle">Armed <span class="hlt">forces</span> career exploration for high school students in the fields of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> and science. Final report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Not Available</p> <p>1993-08-01</p> <p>Morgan State University`s School of <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> conducted its third annual Armed <span class="hlt">Forces</span> Career Exploration program for high school students in the fields of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> and science. The four week program was jointly sponsored by the US Army Laboratory Command (Ballistics Research Laboratory and Human <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Laboratory) and US Department of Energy (Los Alamos National Laboratory). The environment in a predominantly urban school system is such that a significant number of very capable students reach the eleventh grade without plans for the future. These students as a result of teacher influence have taken lower level math and science courses and we feel by participating in this program will see reasons for pursuing higher level math and science courses their last two years in high school. Inasmuch as intervention programs have not yet significantly affected the profile of these schools this pool of students represents an opportunity to make an early impact on the number of students that enter college intending to major in math, science or <span class="hlt">engineering</span>. This report presents the program that provided selected students with pre-<span class="hlt">engineering</span> and science enrichment experiences designed to enhance their understanding of <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, increase their awareness of career opportunities in science and <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, advance their readiness to enter temporary job situation, and foster the development of self-confidence in their individual capabilities.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.usgs.gov/fedgov/70039235/report.pdf','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.usgs.gov/fedgov/70039235/report.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Volume I: Introduction and <span class="hlt">engineering</span> aspects</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Nicol, Allen H.; Flint, Delos E.; Saplis, Raymond A.</p> <p>1957-01-01</p> <p>This series of military geology reports on Okinawa is part of the Corps of <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> Post Hostilities Mapping Program. The purpose of this survey is twofold. The first is to collect scientific information through field study; the second is to publish it in a form that is usable by the United States Armed <span class="hlt">Forces</span> and <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Administrators.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2015EGUGA..1715775P&link_type=ABSTRACT','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2015EGUGA..1715775P&link_type=ABSTRACT"><span id="translatedtitle">Design and testing of Ground Penetrating Radar equipment dedicated for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> applications: ongoing activities in Working Group 1 of COST Action TU1208</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Pajewski, Lara; Manacorda, Guido; Persico, Raffaele</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>This work aims at presenting the ongoing research activities carried out in Working Group 1 'Novel GPR instrumentation' of the COST (European COoperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 '<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar' (www.GPRadar.eu). The principal goal of the COST Action TU1208 is to exchange and increase scientific-technical knowledge and experience of GPR techniques in <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, simultaneously promoting throughout Europe the effective use of this safe and non-destructive technique in the monitoring of infrastructures and structures. Working Group 1 (WG1) of the Action focuses on the development of innovative GPR equipment dedicated for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> applications. It includes three Projects. Project 1.1 is focused on the 'Design, realisation and optimisation of innovative GPR equipment for the monitoring of critical transport infrastructures and buildings, and for the sensing of underground utilities and voids.' Project 1.2 is concerned with the 'Development and definition of advanced testing, calibration and stability procedures and protocols, for GPR equipment.' Project 1.3 deals with the 'Design, modelling and optimisation of GPR antennas.' During the first year of the Action, WG1 Members coordinated between themselves to address the state of the art and open problems in the scientific fields identified by the above-mentioned Projects [1, 2]. In carrying our this work, the WG1 strongly benefited from the participation of IDS Ingegneria dei Sistemi, one of the biggest GPR manufacturers, as well as from the contribution of external experts as David J. Daniels and Erica Utsi, sharing with the Action Members their wide experience on GPR technology and methodology (First General Meeting, July 2013). The synergy with WG2 and WG4 of the Action was useful for a deep understanding of the problems, merits and limits of available GPR equipment, as well as to discuss how to quantify the reliability of GPR results. An</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EGUGA..15.8112B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EGUGA..15.8112B"><span id="translatedtitle">Bio-geomorphology of estuaries: the need for understanding the balance between ecosystem <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, physical <span class="hlt">forcing</span> and biomechanical species interactions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Bouma, Tjeerd; Balke, Thorsten; van Belzen, Jim; Cozzoli, Francesco; Suykerbuyk, Wouter; van Katwijk, Marieke; Temmerman, Stijn; Herman, Peter</p> <p>2013-04-01</p> <p>The estuarine environment is strongly affected by the hydrodynamic <span class="hlt">forces</span> from currents and waves, which often form both a resource and a stress to the organisms inhabiting these areas. Organisms that inhabit these areas interact with these physical <span class="hlt">forces</span>, and may thereby modify their abiotic environment. This is referred to as ecosystem <span class="hlt">engineering</span> (EE), which may result in locally improved growing conditions for the organisms. By their activities, ecosystem <span class="hlt">engineers</span> (EE's) can have major influence on sediment dynamics in the coastal ecosystems and may create self-organised bio-geomorphologic landscapes. However, the physical-driven sediment dynamics may also impose control over organism establishment and performance. And on top of that, ecosystem <span class="hlt">engineering</span> organisms may affect the occurrence of each other via their effect on the environment (i.e., 'biomechanical warfare'). The combination of these 3 types of interactions makes the dynamics of biogeomorphic ecosystems complex to understand and model, and restoration of biogeomorphic ecosystems hard to accomplish. In our presentation we will highlight 3 aspects that we see as crucial to improve our understanding, modelling and restoration of biogeomorphic ecosystems: (1) the possibility to generalise EE-effects across species (2) identifying to which extent physical <span class="hlt">forcing</span> may enable vs. restrict EE-effects (3) understanding the biological and physical thresholds to the establishment of EE's, and the long-term dynamics of biogemorphic ecosystems. Each of these aspects will be discussed based on experimental results.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013SMaS...22k5024N','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013SMaS...22k5024N"><span id="translatedtitle">Optimal design of high damping <span class="hlt">force</span> <span class="hlt">engine</span> mount featuring MR valve structure with both annular and radial flow paths</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Nguyen, Q. H.; Choi, S. B.; Lee, Y. S.; Han, M. S.</p> <p>2013-11-01</p> <p>This paper focuses on the optimal design of a compact and high damping <span class="hlt">force</span> <span class="hlt">engine</span> mount featuring magnetorheological fluid (MRF). In the mount, a MR valve structure with both annular and radial flows is employed to generate a high damping <span class="hlt">force</span>. First, the configuration and working principle of the proposed MR mount is introduced. The MRF flows in the mount are then analyzed and the governing equations of the MR mount are derived based on the Bingham plastic behavior of the MRF. An optimal design of the MR mount is then performed to find the optimal structure of the MR valve to generate a maximum damping <span class="hlt">force</span> with certain design constraints. In addition, the gap size of MRF ducts is empirically chosen considering the ‘lockup’ problem of the mount at high frequency. Performance of the optimized MR mount is then evaluated based on finite element analysis and discussions on performance results of the optimized MR mount are given. The effectiveness of the proposed MR <span class="hlt">engine</span> mount is demonstrated via computer simulation by presenting damping <span class="hlt">force</span> and power consumption.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED111625.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED111625.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aviation and Facilities. Aerospace Education II.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Callaway, R. O.; Elmer, James D.</p> <p></p> <p>This is a revised textbook for use in the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> ROTC training program. The main theme of the book is concerned with the kinds of <span class="hlt">civil</span> aviation facilities and many intricacies involved in their use. The first chapter traces the development of <span class="hlt">civil</span> aviation and the formation of organizations to control aviation systems. The second chapter…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Mechanic+AND+Engineering&pg=6&id=EJ911109','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Mechanic+AND+Engineering&pg=6&id=EJ911109"><span id="translatedtitle">Enhancing <span class="hlt">Force</span> Concept Inventory Diagnostics to Identify Dominant Misconceptions in First-Year <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Physics</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Martin-Blas, Teresa; Seidel, Luis; Serrano-Fernandez, Ana</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>This work presents the results of a study whose aim is to detect systematic errors about the concept of <span class="hlt">force</span> among freshmen students. The researchers analysed the results of the <span class="hlt">Force</span> Concept Inventory test, which was administered to two different groups of students. The results show that, although there were significant performance variations…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1100828.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1100828.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Positioning Technology and <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Education as a Key <span class="hlt">Force</span> in STEM Education</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Strimel, Greg; Grubbs, Michael E.</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>As the presence of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> content and practices increases in science education, the distinction between the two fields of science and technology education becomes even more vague than previously theorized. Furthermore, the addition of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> to the title of the profession raises the question of the true aim of technology education. As a…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2010EGUGA..1214470D&link_type=ABSTRACT','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2010EGUGA..1214470D&link_type=ABSTRACT"><span id="translatedtitle">Subsurface defect detection in first layer of pavement structure and reinforced <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structure by FRP bonding using active infrared thermography</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Dumoulin, Jean; Ibos, Laurent</p> <p>2010-05-01</p> <p>In many countries road network ages while road traffic and maintenance costs increase. Nowadays, thousand and thousand kilometers of roads are each year submitted to surface distress survey. They generally lean on pavement surface imaging measurement techniques, mainly in the visible spectrum, coupled with visual inspection or image processing detection of emergent distresses. Nevertheless, optimisation of maintenance works and costs requires an early detection of defects within the pavement structure when they still are hidden from surface. Accordingly, alternative measurement techniques for pavement monitoring are currently under investigation (seismic methods, step frequency radar). On the other hand, strengthening or retrofitting of reinforced concrete structures by externally bonded Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) systems is now a commonly accepted and widespread technique. However, the use of bonding techniques always implies following rigorous installing procedures. To ensure the durability and long-term performance of the FRP reinforcements, conformance checking through an in situ auscultation of the bonded FRP systems is then highly suitable. The quality-control program should involve a set of adequate inspections and tests. Visual inspection and acoustic sounding (hammer tap) are commonly used to detect delaminations (disbonds) but are unable to provide sufficient information about the depth (in case of multilayered composite) and width of debonded areas. Consequently, rapid and efficient inspection methods are also required. Among the non destructive methods under study, active infrared thermography was investigated both for pavement and <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structures through experiments in laboratory and numerical simulations, because of its ability to be also used on field. Pulse Thermography (PT), Pulse Phase Thermography (PPT) and Principal Component Thermography (PCT) approaches have been tested onto pavement samples and CFRP bonding on concrete</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineer&pg=4&id=EJ767685','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineer&pg=4&id=EJ767685"><span id="translatedtitle">Creating Change in <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Education: A Model for Collaboration among Institutions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Plumb, Carolyn; Reis, Richard M.</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>The United States, as well as the rest of the world, will face critical <span class="hlt">civil</span>, environmental, energy, communication, manufacturing, and health-care challenges in the coming decades, and more scientists and <span class="hlt">engineers</span> will be needed to address those problems. The number of jobs in the U.S. labor <span class="hlt">force</span> requiring science and <span class="hlt">engineering</span> skills, in…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23844612','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23844612"><span id="translatedtitle">Global <span class="hlt">civil</span> aviation black carbon emissions.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Stettler, Marc E J; Boies, Adam M; Petzold, Andreas; Barrett, Steven R H</p> <p>2013-09-17</p> <p>Aircraft black carbon (BC) emissions contribute to climate <span class="hlt">forcing</span>, but few estimates of BC emitted by aircraft at cruise exist. For the majority of aircraft <span class="hlt">engines</span> the only BC-related measurement available is smoke number (SN)-a filter based optical method designed to measure near-ground plume visibility, not mass. While the first order approximation (FOA3) technique has been developed to estimate BC mass emissions normalized by fuel burn [EI(BC)] from SN, it is shown that it underestimates EI(BC) by >90% in 35% of directly measured cases (R(2) = -0.10). As there are no plans to measure BC emissions from all existing certified <span class="hlt">engines</span>-which will be in service for several decades-it is necessary to estimate EI(BC) for existing aircraft on the ground and at cruise. An alternative method, called FOX, that is independent of the SN is developed to estimate BC emissions. Estimates of EI(BC) at ground level are significantly improved (R(2) = 0.68), whereas estimates at cruise are within 30% of measurements. Implementing this approach for global <span class="hlt">civil</span> aviation estimated aircraft BC emissions are revised upward by a factor of ~3. Direct radiative <span class="hlt">forcing</span> (RF) due to aviation BC emissions is estimated to be ~9.5 mW/m(2), equivalent to ~1/3 of the current RF due to aviation CO2 emissions.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013ChJME..26..988Z','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013ChJME..26..988Z"><span id="translatedtitle">Composite adaptive control of belt polishing <span class="hlt">force</span> for aero-<span class="hlt">engine</span> blade</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Zhsao, Pengbing; Shi, Yaoyao</p> <p>2013-09-01</p> <p>The existing methods for blade polishing mainly focus on robot polishing and manual grinding. Due to the difficulty in high-precision control of the polishing <span class="hlt">force</span>, the blade surface precision is very low in robot polishing, in particular, quality of the inlet and exhaust edges can not satisfy the processing requirements. Manual grinding has low efficiency, high labor intensity and unstable processing quality, moreover, the polished surface is vulnerable to burn, and the surface precision and integrity are difficult to ensure. In order to further improve the profile accuracy and surface quality, a pneumatic flexible polishing <span class="hlt">force</span>-exerting mechanism is designed and a dual-mode switching composite adaptive control(DSCAC) strategy is proposed, which combines Bang-Bang control and model reference adaptive control based on fuzzy neural network(MRACFNN) together. By the mode decision-making mechanism, Bang-Bang control is used to track the control command signal quickly when the actual polishing <span class="hlt">force</span> is far away from the target value, and MRACFNN is utilized in smaller error ranges to improve the system robustness and control precision. Based on the mathematical model of the <span class="hlt">force</span>-exerting mechanism, simulation analysis is implemented on DSCAC. Simulation results show that the output polishing <span class="hlt">force</span> can better track the given signal. Finally, the blade polishing experiments are carried out on the designed polishing equipment. Experimental results show that DSCAC can effectively mitigate the influence of gas compressibility, valve dead-time effect, valve nonlinear flow, cylinder friction, measurement noise and other interference on the control precision of polishing <span class="hlt">force</span>, which has high control precision, strong robustness, strong anti-interference ability and other advantages compared with MRACFNN. The proposed research achieves high-precision control of the polishing <span class="hlt">force</span>, effectively improves the blade machining precision and surface consistency, and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4046864','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4046864"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Force</span>-driven evolution of mesoscale structure in <span class="hlt">engineered</span> 3D microtissues and the modulation of tissue stiffening</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Zhao, Ruogang; Chen, Christopher S.; Reich, Daniel H.</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>The complex structures of tissues determine their mechanical strength. In <span class="hlt">engineered</span> tissues formed through self-assembly in a mold, artificially imposed boundary constraints have been found to induce anisotropic clustering of the cells and the extracellular matrix in local regions. To understand how such tissue remodeling at the intermediate length-scale (mesoscale) affects tissue stiffening, we used a novel microtissue mechanical testing system to manipulate the remodeling of the tissue structures and to measure the subsequent changes in tissue stiffness. Microtissues were formed through cell driven self-assembly of collagen matrix in arrays of micro-patterned wells, each containing two flexible micropillars that measured the microtissues’ contractile <span class="hlt">forces</span> and also their elastic moduli via magnetic actuation. We manipulated tissue remodeling by inducing myofibroblast differentiation with TGF-β1, by varying the micropillar spring constants or by blocking cell contractility with blebbistatin and collagen cross-linking with BAPN. We showed that increased anisotropic compaction of the collagen matrix, caused by increased micropillar spring constant or elevated cell contraction <span class="hlt">force</span>, contributed to tissue stiffening. Conversely, collagen matrix and tissue stiffness were not affected by inhibition of cell-generated contraction <span class="hlt">forces</span>.. Together, these measurements showed that mesoscale tissue remodeling is an important middle step linking tissue compaction <span class="hlt">forces</span> and tissue stiffening. PMID:24630092</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4102905','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4102905"><span id="translatedtitle">Wireless control and selection of <span class="hlt">forces</span> and torques - towards wireless <span class="hlt">engines</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Boyvat, M.; Hafner, C.; Leuthold, J.</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Powering and manipulating translational and rotational motions of objects wirelessly, and controlling several objects independently is of significant importance in numerous fields such as robotics, medicine, biology, fluid dynamics, optics. We propose a method based on coupled LC resonators, to control objects selectively by steering the frequency of an external magnetic field. This concept does not need any magnetic materials and it brings a rich variety of features concerning <span class="hlt">forces</span> and torques. We theoretically and experimentally show that the <span class="hlt">forces</span> can be enhanced by the interaction of resonators and that both direction and magnitude of <span class="hlt">forces</span> can be controlled by the frequency of the applied external magnetic field. Moreover, we demonstrate interesting rotational effects, such as bi-directionally controllable torques, controllable stable orientations, and spinning, which leads to a wirelessly powered motor. PMID:25034467</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910062529&hterms=qualitative+methods&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dqualitative%2Bmethods','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910062529&hterms=qualitative+methods&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dqualitative%2Bmethods"><span id="translatedtitle">Validation of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> methods for predicting hypersonic vehicle controls <span class="hlt">forces</span> and moments</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Maughmer, M.; Straussfogel, D.; Long, L.; Ozoroski, L.</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>This work examines the ability of the aerodynamic analysis methods contained in an industry standard conceptual design code, the Aerodynamic Preliminary Analysis System (APAS II), to estimate the <span class="hlt">forces</span> and moments generated through control surface deflections from low subsonic to high hypersonic speeds. Predicted control <span class="hlt">forces</span> and moments generated by various control effectors are compared with previously published wind-tunnel and flight-test data for three vehicles: the North American X-15, a hypersonic research airplane concept, and the Space Shuttle Orbiter. Qualitative summaries of the results are given for each <span class="hlt">force</span> and moment coefficient and each control derivative in the various speed ranges. Results show that all predictions of longitudinal stability and control derivatives are acceptable for use at the conceptual design stage.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22253504','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22253504"><span id="translatedtitle">Note: Spring constant calibration of nanosurface-<span class="hlt">engineered</span> atomic <span class="hlt">force</span> microscopy cantilevers</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Ergincan, O. Palasantzas, G.; Kooi, B. J.</p> <p>2014-02-15</p> <p>The determination of the dynamic spring constant (k{sub d}) of atomic <span class="hlt">force</span> microscopy cantilevers is of crucial importance for converting cantilever deflection to accurate <span class="hlt">force</span> data. Indeed, the non-destructive, fast, and accurate measurement method of the cantilever dynamic spring constant by Sader et al. [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 103705 (2012)] is confirmed here for plane geometry but surface modified cantilevers. It is found that the measured spring constants (k{sub eff}, the dynamic one k{sub d}), and the calculated (k{sub d,1}) are in good agreement within less than 10% error.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24593418','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24593418"><span id="translatedtitle">Note: spring constant calibration of nanosurface-<span class="hlt">engineered</span> atomic <span class="hlt">force</span> microscopy cantilevers.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ergincan, O; Palasantzas, G; Kooi, B J</p> <p>2014-02-01</p> <p>The determination of the dynamic spring constant (kd) of atomic <span class="hlt">force</span> microscopy cantilevers is of crucial importance for converting cantilever deflection to accurate <span class="hlt">force</span> data. Indeed, the non-destructive, fast, and accurate measurement method of the cantilever dynamic spring constant by Sader et al. [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 103705 (2012)] is confirmed here for plane geometry but surface modified cantilevers. It is found that the measured spring constants (keff, the dynamic one kd), and the calculated (kd,1) are in good agreement within less than 10% error.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010EJEE...35..597M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010EJEE...35..597M"><span id="translatedtitle">Enhancing <span class="hlt">Force</span> Concept Inventory diagnostics to identify dominant misconceptions in first-year <span class="hlt">engineering</span> physics</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Martín-Blas, Teresa; Seidel, Luis; Serrano-Fernández, Ana</p> <p>2010-12-01</p> <p>This work presents the results of a study whose aim is to detect systematic errors about the concept of <span class="hlt">force</span> among freshmen students. The researchers analysed the results of the <span class="hlt">Force</span> Concept Inventory test, which was administered to two different groups of students. The results show that, although there were significant performance variations between the two groups, they, nonetheless, shared common incorrect answers that were consistently triggered by the same misconceptions. The analysis proposed in this paper could also be applied in other universities to reveal the students' a priori mindset in Newtonian mechanics and serve as a guideline for developing effective computer simulations or other tools.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=atomic&pg=2&id=EJ1003667','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=atomic&pg=2&id=EJ1003667"><span id="translatedtitle">Convergent Inquiry in Science & <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>: The Use of Atomic <span class="hlt">Force</span> Microscopy in a Biology Class</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Lee, Il-Sun; Byeon, Jung-Ho; Kwon, Yong-Ju</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of this study was to design a teaching method suitable for science high school students using atomic <span class="hlt">force</span> microscopy. During their scientific inquiry procedure, high school students observed a micro-nanostructure of a biological sample, which is unobservable via an optical microscope. The developed teaching method enhanced students'…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1016617.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1016617.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Calculations and Expectations: How <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Students Describe Three-Dimensional <span class="hlt">Forces</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Miller-Young, Janice E.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>The premise of student-centered teaching is to respond to the ways in which students engage with the context and content of their learning, and therefore the purpose of this study was to find out how students visualize three-dimensional statics problems from two-dimensional diagrams early in a first-year <span class="hlt">engineering</span> course. Think-alouds were…</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li class="active"><span>15</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_15 --> <div id="page_16" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li class="active"><span>16</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="301"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1078021.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1078021.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">History and <span class="hlt">Civility</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Schaefer, Larry</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Larry Schaefer's history of <span class="hlt">civility</span> is a succinct summary of the implicit and evolving definitions of <span class="hlt">civility</span> over 2500 years of <span class="hlt">civilization</span>. Beginning with the Romans and the root word "civitas," meaning the rights and duties of citizenship, <span class="hlt">civility</span> appears in classical literature as integral to the roots of democracy in the context…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Indian+AND+Academy+AND+Sciences&pg=2&id=ED152467','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Indian+AND+Academy+AND+Sciences&pg=2&id=ED152467"><span id="translatedtitle">Retention of Minority Students in <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>. A Report of the Retention Task <span class="hlt">Force</span>, Committee on Minorities in <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>, Assembly of <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>, National Research Council.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, DC. Committee on Minorities in Engineering</p> <p></p> <p>During 1975 questionnaires requesting the retention rates of both minority students and the total student population were sent to 200 <span class="hlt">engineering</span> colleges which had the largest minority enrollments in 1974. Only 30 schools responded with useful information. Another lengthier questionnaire was sent to 71 of the original 200 schools requesting the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012OptFT..18..101L','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012OptFT..18..101L"><span id="translatedtitle">Enhancement of process capability for strip <span class="hlt">force</span> of tight sets of optical fiber using Taguchi's Quality <span class="hlt">Engineering</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Lin, Wen-Tsann; Wang, Shen-Tsu; Li, Meng-Hua; Huang, Chiao-Tzu</p> <p>2012-03-01</p> <p>Strip <span class="hlt">force</span> is the key to identifying the quality of product during manufacturing tight sets of fiber. This study used Integrated computer-aided manufacturing DEFinition 0 (IDEF0) modeling to discuss detailed cladding processes of tight sets of fiber in transnational optical connector manufacturing. The results showed that, the key factor causing an instable interface connection is the extruder adjustment process. The factors causing improper strip <span class="hlt">force</span> were analyzed through literature, practice, and gray relational analysis. The parameters design method of Taguchi's Quality <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> was used to determine the optimal experimental combinations for processes of tight sets of fiber. This study employed case empirical analysis to obtain a model for improving the process of strip <span class="hlt">force</span> of tight sets of fiber, and determines the correlation factors that affect the processes of quality for tight sets of fiber. The findings indicated that, process capability index (CPK) increased significantly, which can facilitate improvement of the product process capability and quality. The empirical results can serve as a reference for improving the product quality of the optical fiber industry.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol4-sec631-8.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol4-sec631-8.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 631.8 - Participation by <span class="hlt">civil</span> agencies.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS ARMED <span class="hlt">FORCES</span> DISCIPLINARY CONTROL BOARDS AND OFF-INSTALLATION LIAISON AND OPERATIONS Armed <span class="hlt">Forces</span> Disciplinary Control Boards § 631.8 Participation by <span class="hlt">civil</span> agencies. (a) <span class="hlt">Civil</span> agencies or individuals may be invited to board meetings as observers, witnesses or to...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED024776.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED024776.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Technician Career Opportunities in <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Technology.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Engineers' Council for Professional Development, New York, NY.</p> <p></p> <p>Career opportunities for <span class="hlt">engineering</span> technicians are available in the technologies relating to air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration, aviation and aerospace, building construction, chemical <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, electrical <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, electronics, industrial <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, instrumentation, internal combustion <span class="hlt">engines</span>, mechanical…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MSSP...74...95N','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MSSP...74...95N"><span id="translatedtitle">Identification of nonlinear normal modes of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structures under broadband <span class="hlt">forcing</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Noël, Jean-Philippe; Renson, L.; Grappasonni, C.; Kerschen, G.</p> <p>2016-06-01</p> <p>The objective of the present paper is to develop a two-step methodology integrating system identification and numerical continuation for the experimental extraction of nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) under broadband <span class="hlt">forcing</span>. The first step processes acquired input and output data to derive an experimental state-space model of the structure. The second step converts this state-space model into a model in modal space from which NNMs are computed using shooting and pseudo-arclength continuation. The method is demonstrated using noisy synthetic data simulated on a cantilever beam with a hardening-softening nonlinearity at its free end.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19900014080','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19900014080"><span id="translatedtitle">High speed <span class="hlt">civil</span> transport</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Bogardus, Scott; Loper, Brent; Nauman, Chris; Page, Jeff; Parris, Rusty; Steinbach, Greg</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>The design process of the High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT) combines existing technology with the expectation of future technology to create a Mach 3.0 transport. The HSCT was designed to have a range in excess of 6000 nautical miles and carry up to 300 passengers. This range will allow the HSCT to service the economically expanding Pacific Basin region. Effort was made in the design to enable the aircraft to use conventional airports with standard 12,000 foot runways. With a takeoff thrust of 250,000 pounds, the four supersonic through-flow <span class="hlt">engines</span> will accelerate the HSCT to a cruise speed of Mach 3.0. The 679,000 pound (at takeoff) HSCT is designed to cruise at an altitude of 70,000 feet, flying above most atmospheric disturbances.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19990027430','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19990027430"><span id="translatedtitle">Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> F-16 Aircraft <span class="hlt">Engine</span> Aerosol Emissions Under Cruise Altitude Conditions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Anderson, Bruce E.; Cofer, W. Randy, III; McDougal, David S.</p> <p>1999-01-01</p> <p>Selected results from the June 1997 Third Subsonic Assessment Near-Field Interactions Flight (SNIF-III) Experiment are documented. The primary objectives of the SNIF-III experiment were to determine the partitioning and abundance of sulfur species and to examine the formation and growth of aerosol particles in the exhaust of F-16 aircraft as a function of atmospheric and aircraft operating conditions and fuel sulfur concentration. This information is, in turn, being used to address questions regarding the fate of aircraft fuel sulfur impurities and to evaluate the potential of their oxidation products to perturb aerosol concentrations and surface areas in the upper troposphere. SNIF-III included participation of the Vermont and New Jersey Air National Guard F-16's as source aircraft and the Wallops Flight Facility T-39 Sabreliner as the sampling platform. F-16's were chosen as a source aircraft because they are powered by the modern F-100 Series 220 <span class="hlt">engine</span> which is projected to be representative of future commercial aircraft <span class="hlt">engine</span> technology. The T-39 instrument suite included sensors for measuring volatile and non-volatile condensation nuclei (CN), aerosol size distributions over the range from 0.1 to 3.0 (micro)m, 3-D winds, temperature, dewpoint, carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and nitric acid (HNO3).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhyC..503...89C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhyC..503...89C"><span id="translatedtitle">Investigation of the bulk pinning <span class="hlt">force</span> in YBCO superconducting films with nano-<span class="hlt">engineered</span> pinning centres</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Crisan, A.; Dang, V. S.; Yearwood, G.; Mikheenko, P.; Huhtinen, H.; Paturi, P.</p> <p>2014-08-01</p> <p>For practical applications of superconducting materials in applied magnetic fields, artificial pinning centres in addition to natural ones are required to oppose the Lorentz <span class="hlt">force</span>. These pinning centres are actually various types of defects in the superconductor matrix. The pinning centres can be categorised on their dimension (volume, surface, or point) and on their character (normal cores or Δκ cores). We have used the Dew Hughes approach to determine the types of pinning centres present in various samples, with various thicknesses, temperatures and nanostructured additions to the superconducting matrix. Results show that normal surface pinning centres are present throughout almost all the samples, as dominant pinning mechanism. Such 2D extended pinning centres are mainly due to dislocations, grain boundaries, nanorods. Strong normal point pinning centres were found to be common in BZO doped YBCO samples. Other types of pinning centres, in various (minor) concentrations were also found in some of the samples.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4258455','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4258455"><span id="translatedtitle">Biomechanical <span class="hlt">forces</span> in the skeleton and their relevance to bone metastasis: biology and <span class="hlt">engineering</span> considerations</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Lynch, Maureen; Fischbach, Claudia</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Bone metastasis represents the leading cause of breast cancer related-deaths. However, the effect of skeleton-associated biomechanical signals on the initiation, progression, and therapy response of breast cancer bone metastasis is largely unknown. This review seeks to highlight possible functional connections between skeletal mechanical signals and breast cancer bone metastasis and their contribution to clinical outcome. It provides an introduction to the physical and biological signals underlying bone functional adaptation and discusses the modulatory roles of mechanical loading and breast cancer metastasis in this process. Following a definition of biophysical design criteria, in vitro and in vivo approaches from the fields of bone biomechanics and tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span> will be reviewed that may be suitable to investigate breast cancer bone metastasis as a function of varied mechano-signaling. Finally, an outlook of future opportunities and challenges associated with this newly emerging field will be provided. PMID:25174311</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+law+AND+definition&pg=2&id=EJ560178','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+law+AND+definition&pg=2&id=EJ560178"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> Law Glossary.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Update on Law-Related Education, 1997</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>Presents a glossary of <span class="hlt">civil</span> law terms originally compiled for journalists by the American Bar Association. Defines many essential <span class="hlt">civil</span> law concepts and practices including compensatory damages, jurisdiction, motion to dismiss, discovery, and remedy. (MJP)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5533011','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5533011"><span id="translatedtitle">Driving <span class="hlt">force</span> transmission mechanism using a timing belt for an internal combustion <span class="hlt">engine</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Abe, S.</p> <p>1987-11-24</p> <p>A driving <span class="hlt">force</span> transmission mechanism is described comprising: a timing pulley having teeth, each of the teeth having a width perpendicular to a direction of movement of the teeth; and a timing belt engaging the timing pulley, the timing belt having teeth, each of the timing belt teeth having a width perpendicular to a direction of movement of the timing belt teeth; a width of the timing belt not being larger that a width of the timing pulley; the width of the teeth of the timing belt at dedendums of the teeth being larger than a width of engagement of the teeth of the timing belt with the teeth of the timing pulley; at least one of width end portions of the teeth of the timing pulley and width end portions of the teeth of the timing belt being cut out so that width end portions of the teeth of the timing belt at dedendums of the timing belt do not contact the teeth of the timing pulley.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013APS..DFD.L4010P','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013APS..DFD.L4010P"><span id="translatedtitle">Fly in Atmosphere by Drag <span class="hlt">Force</span> - Easy Thrust Generation Aircraft <span class="hlt">Engine</span> Based Physics</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Pierre Celestin, Mwizerwa</p> <p>2013-11-01</p> <p>This paper aims to present to the science community another way to fly in atmosphere, a way which is much more cheaper, efficient, safe and easy. Over the years scientists have been trying to find a way to built the vertically taking off vehicles but there have been no satisfactory success(what have been found was very expensive), Even aircrafts we know now need very sophisticated and expensive <span class="hlt">engines</span> and not efficient enough. This way of flying may help our governments to spend less money on technologies and will help people to travel at very low prices so that, it may be a solution to the crisis which the world faces nowadays. In other words, it is my proposal to the next generation technologies we was looking for for years because everything can fly from the car to the trucks, the spaceships and even the hotels maybe constructed and fly as we construct the ships which sail in the oceans. My way of flying will have many applications in all the aspect of travel as it is going to be explained.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=daedalus&pg=2&id=EJ239809','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=daedalus&pg=2&id=EJ239809"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civility</span> and Psychology.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Coles, Robert</p> <p>1981-01-01</p> <p>Media in the '70s stressed the importance of self and popularized psychology. Amidst self-help best sellers, encounter sessions, and special interest groups, the author asks, "What has happened to <span class="hlt">civility</span>?" and "Can a culture without <span class="hlt">civility</span> call itself <span class="hlt">civilized</span>?" Condensed and reprinted from "Daedalus," Summer 1980. (Editor)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015QSRv..114..228M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015QSRv..114..228M"><span id="translatedtitle">The rivers of <span class="hlt">civilization</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Macklin, Mark G.; Lewin, John</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>The hydromorphic regimes that underpinned Old World river-based <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> are reviewed in light of recent research. Notable Holocene climatic changes varied from region to region, whilst the dynamics of floodplain environments were equally diverse, with river channel changes significantly affecting human settlement. There were longer-term trends in Holocene hydroclimate and multi-centennial length 'flood-rich' and 'flood-poor' episodes. These impacted on five identified flooding and settlement scenarios: (i) alluvial fans and aprons; (ii) laterally mobile rivers; (iii) rivers with well-developed levees and flood basins; (iv) river systems characterised by avulsions and floodouts; and (v) large river-fed wetlands. This gave a range of changes that were either more or less regular or incremental from year-to-year (and thus potentially manageable) or catastrophic. The latter might be sudden during a flood event or a few seasons (acute), or over longer periods extending over many decades or even centuries (chronic). The geomorphic and environmental impacts of these events on riparian societies were very often irreversible. Contrasts are made between allogenic and autogenic mechanism for imposing environmental stress on riverine communities and a distinction is made between channel avulsion and contraction responses. Floods, droughts and river channel changes can precondition as well as trigger environmental crises and societal collapse. The Nile system currently offers the best set of independently dated Holocene fluvial and archaeological records, and the contrasted effects of changing hydromorphological regimes on floodwater farming are examined. The persistence of <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> depended essentially on the societies that maintained them, but they were also understandably resilient in some environments (Pharaonic Egypt in the Egyptian Nile), appear to have had more limited windows of opportunity in others (the Kerma Kingdom in the Nubian Nile), or required</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004PhDT........35N','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004PhDT........35N"><span id="translatedtitle">Laser-guided direct writing for three-dimensional tissue <span class="hlt">engineering</span>: Analysis and application of radiation <span class="hlt">forces</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Nahmias, Yaakov Koby</p> <p></p> <p>Tissue <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> aims for the creation of functional tissues or organs using a combination of biomaterials and living cells. Artificial tissues can be implanted in patients to restore tissue function that was lost due to trauma, disease, or genetic disorder. Tissue equivalents may also be used to screen the effects of drugs and toxins, reducing the use of animals in research. One of the principle limitations to the size of <span class="hlt">engineered</span> tissue is oxygen and nutrient transport. Lacking their own vascular bed, cells embedded in the <span class="hlt">engineered</span> tissue will consume all available oxygen within hours while out branching blood vessels will take days to vascularize the implanted tissue. Establishing capillaries within the tissue prior to implantation can potentially eliminate this limitation. One approach to establishing capillaries within the tissue is to directly write endothelial cells with micrometer accuracy as it is being built. The patterned endothelial cells will then self-assemble into vascular structures within the <span class="hlt">engineering</span> tissue. The cell patterning technique known as laser-guided direct writing can confine multiple cells in a laser beam and deposit them as a steady stream on any non-absorbing surface with micrometer scale accuracy. By applying the generalized Lorenz-Mie theory for light scattering on laser-guided direct writing we were able to accurately predict the behavior of with various cells and particles in the focused laser. In addition, two dimensionless parameters were identified for general radiation-<span class="hlt">force</span> based system design. Using laser-guided direct writing we were able to direct the assembly of endothelial vascular structures with micrometer accuracy in two and three dimensions. The patterned vascular structures provided the backbone for subsequent in vitro liver morphogenesis. Our studies show that hepatocytes migrate toward and adhere to endothelial vascular structures in response to endothelial-secreted hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Our</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/405980','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/405980"><span id="translatedtitle">United States Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> 611th Air Support Group/<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Squadron, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Risk assessment Point Lonely Radar Installation, Alaska. Final report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Karmi, S.</p> <p>1996-04-01</p> <p>This document contains the baseline human health risk assessment and the ecological risk assessment (ERA) for the Point Lonely Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line radar installation. Twelve sites at the Point Lonely radar installation underwent remedial investigations (RIs) during the summer of 1993. The Vehicle Storage Area (SS14) was combined with the Inactive Landfill because the two sites were essentially co-located and were sampled during the RI as a single unit. Therefore, 11 sites are discussed in this risk assessment. The presence of chemical contamination in the soil, sediments, and surface water at the installation was evaluated and reported in the Point Lonely Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS). The analytical data reported in the RI/FS form the basis for the human health and ecological risk assessments. The primary chemicals of concern (COCs) at the 11 sites are diesel and gasoline from past spills and/or leaks, chlorinated solvents, and manganese. The 11 sites investigated and the types of samples collected at each site are presented.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996SPIE.2719..112S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996SPIE.2719..112S"><span id="translatedtitle">Monitoring and evaluating <span class="hlt">civil</span> structures using measured vibration</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Straser, Erik G.; Kiremidjian, Anne S.</p> <p>1996-04-01</p> <p>The need for a rapid assessment of the state of critical and conventional <span class="hlt">civil</span> structures, such as bridges, control centers, airports, and hospitals, among many, has been amply demonstrated during recent natural disasters. Research is underway at Stanford University to develop a state-of-the-art automated damage monitoring system for long term and extreme event monitoring based on both ambient and <span class="hlt">forced</span> response measurements. Such research requires a multi-disciplinary approach harnessing the talents and expertise of <span class="hlt">civil</span>, electrical, and mechanical <span class="hlt">engineering</span> to arrive at a novel hardware and software solution. Recent advances in silicon micro-machining and microprocessor design allow for the economical integration of sensing, processing, and communication components. Coupling these technological advances with parameter identification algorithms allows for the realization of extreme event damage monitoring systems for <span class="hlt">civil</span> structures. This paper addresses the first steps toward the development of a near real-time damage diagnostic and monitoring system based on structural response to extreme events. Specifically, micro-electro-mechanical- structures (MEMS) and microcontroller embedded systems (MES) are demonstrated to be an effective platform for the measurement and analysis of <span class="hlt">civil</span> structures. Experimental laboratory tests with small scale model specimens and a preliminary sensor module are used to evaluate hardware and obtain structural response data from input accelerograms. A multi-step analysis procedure employing ordinary least squares (OLS), extended Kalman filtering (EKF), and a substructuring approach is conducted to extract system characteristics of the model. Results from experimental tests and system identification (SI) procedures as well as fundamental system design issues are presented.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title32-vol4/pdf/CFR-2011-title32-vol4-sec631-8.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title32-vol4/pdf/CFR-2011-title32-vol4-sec631-8.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 631.8 - Participation by <span class="hlt">civil</span> agencies.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Participation by <span class="hlt">civil</span> agencies. 631.8 Section 631.8 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW... AND OPERATIONS Armed <span class="hlt">Forces</span> Disciplinary Control Boards § 631.8 Participation by <span class="hlt">civil</span> agencies....</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=anti+AND+slavery&pg=3&id=EJ582736','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=anti+AND+slavery&pg=3&id=EJ582736"><span id="translatedtitle">Race in Pre-<span class="hlt">Civil</span> War America.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Ignatiev, Noel</p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>Observes that most white people did not profit from the slave system, yet a massive social <span class="hlt">force</span> was created to defend it. Argues that this was made possible by linking slavery with theories of racial supremacy. Juxtaposes anti-black racial attitudes with racist views of Irish immigrants prior to the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> War. (DSK)</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li class="active"><span>16</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_16 --> <div id="page_17" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li class="active"><span>17</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="321"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+law&pg=6&id=EJ560159','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+law&pg=6&id=EJ560159"><span id="translatedtitle">Understanding the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Justice System.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Hirshon, Robert E.; Bolduan, Linda M.</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>Provides a concise and informative overview of the <span class="hlt">civil</span> justice system. Examines various components and issues including the federal and state court systems, differences between <span class="hlt">civil</span> and criminal law, background in common law, types of <span class="hlt">civil</span> law, <span class="hlt">civil</span> procedure, and the effect and implementation of <span class="hlt">civil</span> law in everyday life. (MJP)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26665351','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26665351"><span id="translatedtitle">[Bioethics in the new Argentinian <span class="hlt">Civil</span> and Commercial Code].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Bergel, Salvador Darío</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Argentine has a new <span class="hlt">Civil</span> and Commercial Code that will enter into <span class="hlt">force</span> in August. This Code contains a series of rules relating to bioethics that have served to illustrate a brief comment on its contents.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26665351','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26665351"><span id="translatedtitle">[Bioethics in the new Argentinian <span class="hlt">Civil</span> and Commercial Code].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Bergel, Salvador Darío</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Argentine has a new <span class="hlt">Civil</span> and Commercial Code that will enter into <span class="hlt">force</span> in August. This Code contains a series of rules relating to bioethics that have served to illustrate a brief comment on its contents. PMID:26665351</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AtmEn..95..214G','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AtmEn..95..214G"><span id="translatedtitle">Direct carbon dioxide emissions from <span class="hlt">civil</span> aircraft</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Grote, Matt; Williams, Ian; Preston, John</p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>Global airlines consume over 5 million barrels of oil per day, and the resulting carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by aircraft <span class="hlt">engines</span> is of concern. This article provides a contemporary review of the literature associated with the measures available to the <span class="hlt">civil</span> aviation industry for mitigating CO2 emissions from aircraft. The measures are addressed under two categories - policy and legal-related measures, and technological and operational measures. Results of the review are used to develop several insights into the challenges faced. The analysis shows that forecasts for strong growth in air-traffic will result in <span class="hlt">civil</span> aviation becoming an increasingly significant contributor to anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Some mitigation-measures can be left to market-<span class="hlt">forces</span> as the key-driver for implementation because they directly reduce airlines' fuel consumption, and their impact on reducing fuel-costs will be welcomed by the industry. Other mitigation-measures cannot be left to market-<span class="hlt">forces</span>. Speed of implementation and stringency of these measures will not be satisfactorily resolved unattended, and the current global regulatory-framework does not provide the necessary strength of stewardship. A global regulator with ‘teeth' needs to be established, but investing such a body with the appropriate level of authority requires securing an international agreement which history would suggest is going to be very difficult. If all mitigation-measures are successfully implemented, it is still likely that traffic growth-rates will continue to out-pace emissions reduction-rates. Therefore, to achieve an overall reduction in CO2 emissions, behaviour change will be necessary to reduce demand for air-travel. However, reducing demand will be strongly resisted by all stakeholders in the industry; and the ticket price-increases necessary to induce the required reduction in traffic growth-rates place a monetary-value on CO2 emissions of approximately 7-100 times greater than other common</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=world+AND+history+AND+ancient+AND+civilizations&id=EJ945520','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=world+AND+history+AND+ancient+AND+civilizations&id=EJ945520"><span id="translatedtitle">Apps for Ancient <span class="hlt">Civilizations</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Thompson, Stephanie</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>This project incorporates technology and a historical emphasis on science drawn from ancient <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> to promote a greater understanding of conceptual science. In the Apps for Ancient <span class="hlt">Civilizations</span> project, students investigate an ancient culture to discover how people might have used science and math smartphone apps to make their lives…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=definition+AND+social+AND+media&pg=6&id=ED499834','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=definition+AND+social+AND+media&pg=6&id=ED499834"><span id="translatedtitle">Fostering <span class="hlt">Civility</span> on Campus</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Rookstool, Judy</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>The issue of <span class="hlt">civility</span> has become a major topic of discussion on college campuses throughout the country, attracting media attention nationwide. In this illuminating book, <span class="hlt">civility</span> scholar Judy Rookstool tackles the issue for the community college audience, bringing both her research and classroom experience to bear. She offers a definition of…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED024234.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED024234.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Schools and <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Defense.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Office of Civil Defense (DOD), Washington, DC.</p> <p></p> <p><span class="hlt">Civil</span> defense is a planned, coordinated action to protect the population during any emergency whether arising from thermonuclear attack or natural disaster. The Federal Government has assumed four responsibilities--(1) to keep track of the nature of the threat which the <span class="hlt">civil</span> defense program must meet, (2) to prepare and disseminate information…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ms0176.photos.094059p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ms0176.photos.094059p/"><span id="translatedtitle">18. YAZOO BACKWATER PUMPING STATION MODEL, YAZOO RIVER BASIN. <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>18. YAZOO BACKWATER PUMPING STATION MODEL, YAZOO RIVER BASIN. <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> <span class="hlt">ENGINEERING</span> AIDE AT CONTROL BOX. - Waterways Experiment Station, Hydraulics Laboratory, Halls Ferry Road, 2 miles south of I-20, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995RScEd..25..365R','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995RScEd..25..365R"><span id="translatedtitle">From ``wiggly structures'' to ``unshaky towers'': problem framing, solution finding, and negotiation of courses of actions during a <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> unit for elementary students</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Roth, Wolff-Michael</p> <p>1995-12-01</p> <p>The present study was designed to investigate problem- and solution-related activity of elementary students in ill-defined and open-ended settings. One Grade 4/5 class of 28 students engaged in the activities of the “<span class="hlt">Engineering</span> for Children: Structures” curriculum, designed as a vehicle for introducing science concepts, providing ill-defined problem solving contexts, and fostering positive attitudes towards science and technology. Data included video recordings, ethnographic field notes, student produced artefacts (projects and <span class="hlt">engineering</span> logbooks), and interviews with teachers and observers. These data supported the notion of problems, solutions, and courses of actions as entities with flexible ontologies. In the course of their negotiations, students demonstrated an uncanny competence to frame and reframe problems and solutions and to decide courses of actions of different complexities in spite of the ambiguous nature of (arte)facts, plans, and language. A case study approach was chosen as the literary device to report these general findings. The discussion focuses on the inevitably ambiguous nature of (arte)facts, plans, and language and the associated notion of “interpretive flexibility.” Suggestions are provided for teachers on how to deal with interpretive flexibility without seeking recourse to the didactic approaches of direct teaching. But what happens when problems and solutions are negotiable, when there are no longer isolated problems which one tries to solve but problems which maintain complex linkages with ensembles of other problems and diverse constraints, or when problems and solutions are simultaneously invented? (Lestel, 1989, p. 692, my translation)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EOSTr..94..355S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EOSTr..94..355S"><span id="translatedtitle">Climates, Landscapes, and <span class="hlt">Civilizations</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Schultz, Colin</p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>Humans are now the dominant driver of global climate change. From ocean acidification to sea level rise, changes in precipitation patterns, and rising temperatures, global warming is presenting us with an uncertain future. However, this is not the first time human <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> have faced a changing world. In the AGU monograph Climates, Landscapes, and <span class="hlt">Civilizations</span>, editors Liviu Giosan, Dorian Q. Fuller, Kathleen Nicoll, Rowan K. Flad, and Peter C. Clift explore how some ancient peoples weathered the shifting storms while some faded away. In this interview, Eos speaks with Liviu Giosan about the decay of <span class="hlt">civilizations</span>, ancient adaptation, and the surprisingly long history of humanity's effect on the Earth.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol3-sec327-30.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol3-sec327-30.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">36 CFR 327.30 - Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span>... ADMINISTERED BY THE CHIEF OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span> § 327.30 Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this regulation is to provide policy and guidance on management of shorelines of <span class="hlt">Civil</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol3-sec327-30.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol3-sec327-30.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">36 CFR 327.30 - Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span>... ADMINISTERED BY THE CHIEF OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span> § 327.30 Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this regulation is to provide policy and guidance on management of shorelines of <span class="hlt">Civil</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineer&pg=3&id=EJ354253','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineer&pg=3&id=EJ354253"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineer</span> at Lehigh University Campaigns for More Construction Research.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Wheeler, David L.</p> <p>1987-01-01</p> <p>A <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> professor would like to see <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineers</span> spend less time looking at broken structures and more time testing construction materials, and has founded a research center for that purpose. (MSE)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19840010510','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19840010510"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> correlations of variable-property effects on laminar <span class="hlt">forced</span> convection mass transfer for dilute vapor species and small particles in air</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Gokoglu, S. A.; Rosner, D. E.</p> <p>1984-01-01</p> <p>A simple <span class="hlt">engineering</span> correlation scheme is developed to predict the variable property effects on dilute species laminar <span class="hlt">forced</span> convection mass transfer applicable to all vapor molecules or Brownian diffusing small particle, covering the surface to mainstream temperature ratio of 0.25 T sub W/T sub e 4. The accuracy of the correlation is checked against rigorous numerical <span class="hlt">forced</span> convection laminar boundary layer calculations of flat plate and stagnation point flows of air containing trace species of Na, NaCl, NaOH, Na2SO4, K, KCl, KOH, or K2SO4 vapor species or their clusters. For the cases reported here the correlation had an average absolute error of only 1 percent (maximum 13 percent) as compared to an average absolute error of 18 percent (maximum 54 percent) one would have made by using the constant-property results.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19800044114&hterms=upwind+finite+difference+method&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dupwind%2Bfinite%2Bdifference%2Bmethod','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19800044114&hterms=upwind+finite+difference+method&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dupwind%2Bfinite%2Bdifference%2Bmethod"><span id="translatedtitle">Evaluation of finite element formulations for transient conduction <span class="hlt">forced</span>-convection analysis. [of heat transfer for active cooling of hypersonic airframe and <span class="hlt">engine</span> structures</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Thornton, E. A.; Wieting, A. R.</p> <p>1979-01-01</p> <p>Conventional versus upwind convective finite elements, and lumped versus consistent formulations for practical conduction/<span class="hlt">forced</span> convection analysis are evaluated on the basis of numerical studies, with finite element and finite difference lumped-parameter temperatures compared to closed-form analytical solutions for convection problems. Attention is given to two practical combined conduction and <span class="hlt">forced</span> convection applications, stressing that the finite element method, showing superior accuracy, is competitive with the finite difference lumped-parameter method. Also considered are the computational time savings offered by the zero capacitance nodes procedure and comparative finite element and finite difference lumped-parameter computer times. The present study has reference to the design of actively cooled <span class="hlt">engine</span> and airframe structures for hypersonic flight.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6474579','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6474579"><span id="translatedtitle">Summer research program (1992). Summer faculty research program (SFRP) reports. Volume 6. Arnold <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Development Center, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Laboratory, Frank J. Seiler research laboratory, Wilford Hall Medical Center. Annual report, 1 September 1991-31 August 1992</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Moore, G.</p> <p>1992-12-28</p> <p>The following Topics were among those completed at the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Faculty Research Summer Program: Experiences using Model-Based Techniques for the Development of a Large Parallel Instrumentation System; Data Reduction of Laser Induced Fluorescence in Rocket Motor Exhausts; Feasibility of Wavelet Analysis for Plume Data Study; Characterization of Seagrass Meadows in St. Andrew (Crooked Island) Sound, Northern Gulf of Mexico; A Preliminary Study of the Weathering of Jet Fuels in Soil Monitored by SFE with GC Analysis; Preliminary Numerical model of Groundwater Flow at the MADE2 Site.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2012-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2012-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">36 CFR 327.30 - Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... ADMINISTERED BY THE CHIEF OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span> § 327.30 Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. (k) * * * The Fee... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. 327.30 Section 327.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property CORPS OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span>,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">36 CFR 327.30 - Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... ADMINISTERED BY THE CHIEF OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span> § 327.30 Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. (k) * * * The Fee... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. 327.30 Section 327.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property CORPS OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span>,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">36 CFR 327.30 - Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... ADMINISTERED BY THE CHIEF OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span> § 327.30 Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. (k) * * * The Fee... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. 327.30 Section 327.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property CORPS OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span>,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2011-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2011-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">36 CFR 327.30 - Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... ADMINISTERED BY THE CHIEF OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span> § 327.30 Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. (k) * * * The Fee... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. 327.30 Section 327.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property CORPS OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span>,...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li class="active"><span>17</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_17 --> <div id="page_18" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li class="active"><span>18</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="341"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2013-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2013-title36-vol3-sec327-30-id41.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">36 CFR 327.30 - Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... ADMINISTERED BY THE CHIEF OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span> § 327.30 Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. (k) * * * The Fee... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Shoreline Management on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects. 327.30 Section 327.30 Parks, Forests, and Public Property CORPS OF <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span>,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19770048177&hterms=Search+for+Extraterrestrial+Intelligence&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3D%2528%2528%2528Search%2Bfor%2529%2BExtraterrestrial%2529%2BIntelligence%2529','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19770048177&hterms=Search+for+Extraterrestrial+Intelligence&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3D%2528%2528%2528Search%2Bfor%2529%2BExtraterrestrial%2529%2BIntelligence%2529"><span id="translatedtitle">Searching for extraterrestrial <span class="hlt">civilizations</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Kuiper, T. B. H.; Morris, M.</p> <p>1977-01-01</p> <p>Three interrelated assumptions are critically examined in an attempt to outline a productive strategy for a search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Questions concerning the feasibility of interstellar travel are investigated. It is concluded that the probability of interstellar travel is high enough that, given a modest number of advanced <span class="hlt">civilizations</span>, at least one of them will engage in interstellar voyages and colonize the galaxy. Assuming, however, that technological <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> are rare the galaxy would be essentially unpopulated. Attention is given to the present lack of contact with extraterrestrial beings and frequencies for interstellar beacons.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2606659','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2606659"><span id="translatedtitle">AIDS and <span class="hlt">civil</span> disobedience.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Spiers, H R</p> <p>1989-01-01</p> <p>Members of groups such as ACT UP (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power) risk arrest and criminal charges to protest laws and policies they view as unjust to persons with AIDS. Spiers, a founding member of ACT UP, discusses the rationale behind the tactics of <span class="hlt">civil</span> disobedience employed by AIDS activists. He argues that <span class="hlt">civil</span> disobedience is justified by American political and legal traditions, and by the federal government's lack of response to the needs of its citizens. Spiers warns that while AIDS protests have been nonviolent and characterized by conscientious planning and execution, violence cannot be ruled out as a "political act born of desperation."</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=magnetism&pg=4&id=EJ787031','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=magnetism&pg=4&id=EJ787031"><span id="translatedtitle">An Exciting Experiment for Pre-<span class="hlt">Engineering</span> and Introductory Physics Students: Creating a DC Motor Using the Lorentz <span class="hlt">Force</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Abdul-Razzaq, Wathiq N.; Boehm, Manfred H.; Bushey, Ryan K.</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>Introductory physics laboratories have been demonstrated in some instances to be difficult or uninteresting to students at the collegiate level. We have developed a laboratory that introduces the concept of the Lorentz <span class="hlt">force</span> and allows students to build a non-traditional DC motor out of easily acquired materials. Basic electricity and magnetism…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19820042053&hterms=civil+engineering&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3D%2528civil%2Bengineering%2529','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19820042053&hterms=civil+engineering&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3D%2528civil%2Bengineering%2529"><span id="translatedtitle">Parameter identification of <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> structures</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Juang, J. N.; Sun, C. T.</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>This paper concerns the development of an identification method required in determining structural parameter variations for systems subjected to an extended exposure to the environment. The concept of structural identifiability of a large scale structural system in the absence of damping is presented. Three criteria are established indicating that a large number of system parameters (the coefficient parameters of the differential equations) can be identified by a few actuators and sensors. An eight-bay-fifteen-story frame structure is used as example. A simple model is employed for analyzing the dynamic response of the frame structure.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED451363.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED451363.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Skills Formation in Britain: Cyclical and Structural Issues. Towards a National Skills Agenda. Skills Task <span class="hlt">Force</span> Research Paper 7.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Mason, Geoff</p> <p></p> <p>Cyclical and structural issues in <span class="hlt">engineering</span> skills formation in Great Britain were studied through a review of recent employment patterns, income patterns, employment projections, recent trends in education and training, and recent developments in technology and work organization. The review focused on the following issues: (1) the extent and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Education+discrimination%22&pg=5&id=ED317433','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Education+discrimination%22&pg=5&id=ED317433"><span id="translatedtitle">The Future Labor <span class="hlt">Force</span> and Workplace and the Scientific and <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Workforce: Implications for Society and Business and Potential Solutions.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Lightle, Juliana</p> <p></p> <p>This report examines the future shortages of scientists and <span class="hlt">engineers</span> and suggests potential solutions to the shortage. The first section presents general demographic data and trends and interprets what this information suggests for the future economy and business in general. The second section considers the supply of physical scientists and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6600125','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6600125"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engine</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Shin, H.B.</p> <p>1984-02-28</p> <p>An internal combustion <span class="hlt">engine</span> has a piston rack depending from each piston. This rack is connected to a power output shaft through a mechanical rectifier so that the power output shaft rotates in only one direction. A connecting rod is pivotally connected at one end to the rack and at the other end to the crank of a reduced function crankshaft so that the crankshaft rotates at the same angular velocity as the power output shaft and at the same frequency as the pistons. The crankshaft has a size, weight and shape sufficient to return the pistons back into the cylinders in position for the next power stroke.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=world+AND+history+AND+ancient+AND+civilizations&pg=5&id=ED408208','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=world+AND+history+AND+ancient+AND+civilizations&pg=5&id=ED408208"><span id="translatedtitle">Creative Ventures: Ancient <span class="hlt">Civilizations</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Stark, Rebecca</p> <p></p> <p>The open-ended activities in this book are designed to extend the imagination and creativity of students and encourage students to examine their feelings and values about historic eras. <span class="hlt">Civilizations</span> addressed include ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, Mayan, Stonehenge, and Mesopotamia. The activities focus upon the cognitive and affective pupil…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Absolutism&pg=4&id=ED066375','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Absolutism&pg=4&id=ED066375"><span id="translatedtitle">European <span class="hlt">Civilization</span>. Teacher's Manual.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Leppert, Ella C.; Halac, Dennis</p> <p></p> <p>The instructional materials in this teaching guide for Course II, Unit IV, follow and build upon a previous sequential course described in SO 003 169 offering ninth grade students a study on the development of Western European <span class="hlt">Civilization</span>. Focus is upon four periods of high development: The High Middle Ages (12th Century), The Renaissance (15th…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=interracial+AND+marriage&pg=4&id=ED001972','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=interracial+AND+marriage&pg=4&id=ED001972"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> RIGHTS AND MINORITIES.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>HARTMAN, PAUL</p> <p></p> <p>A MAJOR INTENT OF THE CONSTITUTION AND ITS AMENDMENTS, TO GUARANTEE EQUAL RIGHTS TO ALL CITIZENS REGARDLESS OF RACE, CREED, OR COLOR, HAS BEEN REINFORCED BY THE <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> RIGHTS STATUTES OF MANY STATES. IN SOME STATES SUCH LAWS HAVE BEEN ON RECORD FOR THREE-QUARTERS OF A CENTURY. IN OTHER STATES THE SAME CONSTITUTIONAL INTENT HAS BEEN DENIED BY…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19920016676&hterms=IMC&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3DIMC','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19920016676&hterms=IMC&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3DIMC"><span id="translatedtitle">High speed <span class="hlt">civil</span> transport</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Mcknight, R. L.</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>The design requirements of the High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT) are discussed. The following design concerns are presented: (1) environmental impact (emissions and noise); (2) critical components (the high temperature combustor and the lightweight exhaust nozzle); and (3) advanced materials (high temperature ceramic matrix composites (CMC's)/intermetallic matrix composites (IMC's)/metal matrix composites (MMC's)).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=byzantine&pg=2&id=EJ460362','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=byzantine&pg=2&id=EJ460362"><span id="translatedtitle">What Is Western <span class="hlt">Civilization</span>?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Birken, Lawrence</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>Discusses opposing tendencies in the interpretation of Western <span class="hlt">Civilization</span>. Describes the expanded definition that includes Byzantine and Islamic cultures as heirs of the Greco-Roman cultures. Suggests that a limited definition of Western culture will facilitate a problems approach, emphasize diversity among cultures, and integrate the classical…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19740010286','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19740010286"><span id="translatedtitle">Experimental and data analysis techniques for deducing collision-induced <span class="hlt">forces</span> from photographic histories of <span class="hlt">engine</span> rotor fragment impact/interaction with a containment ring</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Yeghiayan, R. P.; Leech, J. W.; Witmer, E. A.</p> <p>1973-01-01</p> <p>An analysis method termed TEJ-JET is described whereby measured transient elastic and inelastic deformations of an <span class="hlt">engine</span>-rotor fragment-impacted structural ring are analyzed to deduce the transient external <span class="hlt">forces</span> experienced by that ring as a result of fragment impact and interaction with the ring. Although the theoretical feasibility of the TEJ-JET concept was established, its practical feasibility when utilizing experimental measurements of limited precision and accuracy remains to be established. The experimental equipment and the techniques (high-speed motion photography) employed to measure the transient deformations of fragment-impacted rings are described. Sources of error and data uncertainties are identified. Techniques employed to reduce data reading uncertainties and to correct the data for optical-distortion effects are discussed. These procedures, including spatial smoothing of the deformed ring shape by Fourier series and timewise smoothing by Gram polynomials, are applied illustratively to recent measurements involving the impact of a single T58 turbine rotor blade against an aluminum containment ring. Plausible predictions of the fragment-ring impact/interaction <span class="hlt">forces</span> are obtained by one branch of this TEJ-JET method; however, a second branch of this method, which provides an independent estimate of these <span class="hlt">forces</span>, remains to be evaluated.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-11-27/pdf/2012-28694.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-11-27/pdf/2012-28694.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 70710 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-11-27</p> <p>...,000. 75 FR 5246. Also on February 10, 2010, NHTSA last adjusted the maximum <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty for a... <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty policy when determining the appropriate <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty amount. See 62 FR 37115 (July 10... Act was published on February 4, 1997. 62 FR 5167. At that time, we codified the penalties...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-09-07/pdf/2012-22043.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-09-07/pdf/2012-22043.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 55175 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-09-07</p> <p>... $6,000. 71 FR 28279. At the same time, the agency adjusted the maximum <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty for a single... to $16,650,000. 75 FR 5246. Also on February 10, 2010, NHTSA last adjusted the maximum <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty... policy when determining the appropriate <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty amount. See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997)...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-02-02/pdf/2010-1957.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-02-02/pdf/2010-1957.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 5244 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-02-02</p> <p>...) entitled ``<span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties'' which proposed the adjustment of certain <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties for inflation. 74 FR.... See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997) (NHTSA's <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty policy under the Small Business Regulatory... April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477, 19477-78). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jessica Lang, Office of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19810018984','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19810018984"><span id="translatedtitle">Finite element for rotor/stator interactive <span class="hlt">forces</span> in general <span class="hlt">engine</span> dynamic simulation. Part 1: Development of bearing damper element</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Adams, M. L.; Padovan, J.; Fertis, D. G.</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>A general purpose squeeze-film damper interactive <span class="hlt">force</span> element was developed, coded into a software package (module) and debugged. This software package was applied to nonliner dynamic analyses of some simple rotor systems. Results for pressure distributions show that the long bearing (end sealed) is a stronger bearing as compared to the short bearing as expected. Results of the nonlinear dynamic analysis, using a four degree of freedom simulation model, showed that the orbit of the rotating shaft increases nonlinearity to fill the bearing clearance as the unbalanced weight increases.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20648269','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20648269"><span id="translatedtitle">UV-assisted capillary <span class="hlt">force</span> lithography for <span class="hlt">engineering</span> biomimetic multiscale hierarchical structures: From lotus leaf to gecko foot hairs.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Jeong, Hoon Eui; Kwak, Rhokyun; Khademhosseini, Ali; Suh, Kahp Y</p> <p>2009-12-01</p> <p>This feature article provides an overview of the recently developed two-step UV-assisted capillary <span class="hlt">force</span> lithography and its application to fabricating well-defined micro/nanoscale hierarchical structures. This method utilizes an oxygen inhibition effect in the course of UV irradiation curing and a two-step moulding process, to form multiscale hierarchical or suspended nanobridge structures in a rapid and reproducible manner. After a brief description of the fabrication principles, several examples of the two-step UV-assisted moulding technique are presented. In addition, emerging applications of the multiscale hierarchical structures are briefly described.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009Nanos...1..331J','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009Nanos...1..331J"><span id="translatedtitle">UV-assisted capillary <span class="hlt">force</span> lithography for <span class="hlt">engineering</span> biomimetic multiscale hierarchical structures: From lotus leaf to gecko foot hairs</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Jeong, Hoon Eui; Kwak, Rhokyun; Khademhosseini, Ali; Suh, Kahp Y.</p> <p>2009-11-01</p> <p>This feature article provides an overview of the recently developed two-step UV-assisted capillary <span class="hlt">force</span> lithography and its application to fabricating well-defined micro/nanoscale hierarchical structures. This method utilizes an oxygen inhibition effect in the course of UV irradiation curing and a two-step moulding process, to form multiscale hierarchical or suspended nanobridge structures in a rapid and reproducible manner. After a brief description of the fabrication principles, several examples of the two-step UV-assisted moulding technique are presented. In addition, emerging applications of the multiscale hierarchical structures are briefly described.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li class="active"><span>18</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_18 --> <div id="page_19" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li class="active"><span>19</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="361"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19890024956&hterms=convection+correlations&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dconvection%2Bcorrelations','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19890024956&hterms=convection+correlations&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dconvection%2Bcorrelations"><span id="translatedtitle">Rational <span class="hlt">engineering</span> correlations of diffusional and inertial particle deposition behavior in non-isothermal <span class="hlt">forced</span> convection environments</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Rosner, D. E.; Gokoglu, S. A.; Israel, R.</p> <p>1982-01-01</p> <p>A multiparameter correlation approach to the study of particle deposition rates in <span class="hlt">engineering</span> applications is discussed with reference to two specific examples, one dealing with thermophoretically augmented small particle convective diffusion and the other involving larger particle inertial impaction. The validity of the correlations proposed here is demonstrated through rigorous computations including all relevant phenomena and interactions. Such representations are shown to minimize apparent differences between various geometric, flow, and physicochemical parameters, allowing many apparently different physicochemical situations to be described in a unified way.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007JJSEE..55.5.27I','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007JJSEE..55.5.27I"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Ethics in the Subject of <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> History</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Isohata, Hiroshi</p> <p></p> <p><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> ethics has been focused in the field of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> education since the introduction of accreditation system of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> education. In this paper, contents of the subject of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> history are examined and discussed from the viewpoints of education of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> ethics through a practical case of <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> history in a college. For the first step, codes of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> ethics regulated in various <span class="hlt">engineering</span> organizations are analyzed and the common contents are extracted to set the requirements for the education of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> ethics. Then contents of the subject of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> history are examined according to the requirements. Finally, conditions of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> history for <span class="hlt">engineering</span> ethics are discussed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19810041225&hterms=cultural+paradox&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dcultural%2Bparadox','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19810041225&hterms=cultural+paradox&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dcultural%2Bparadox"><span id="translatedtitle">Galactic-scale <span class="hlt">civilization</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Kuiper, T. B. H.</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>Evolutionary arguments are presented in favor of the existence of <span class="hlt">civilization</span> on a galactic scale. Patterns of physical, chemical, biological, social and cultural evolution leading to increasing levels of complexity are pointed out and explained thermodynamically in terms of the maximization of free energy dissipation in the environment of the organized system. The possibility of the evolution of a global and then a galactic human <span class="hlt">civilization</span> is considered, and probabilities that the galaxy is presently in its colonization state and that life could have evolved to its present state on earth are discussed. Fermi's paradox of the absence of extraterrestrials in light of the probability of their existence is noted, and a variety of possible explanations is indicated. Finally, it is argued that although mankind may be the first occurrence of intelligence in the galaxy, it is unjustified to presume that this is so.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3734736','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3734736"><span id="translatedtitle">"Insanity" in <span class="hlt">civil</span> law.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kern, S R</p> <p>1986-07-01</p> <p>The issue of "insanity" is rarely alluded to in the area of <span class="hlt">civil</span> law. As a consequence, the legal standard for insanity is not clearly understood by many psychiatrists. The standard derives from case law and is based upon statutory law in the criminal sector. A <span class="hlt">civil</span> case will be presented where the question of "insanity" was raised. In this case an individual committed suicide and his insurance company refused to pay the beneficiaries of his life insurance policy based upon a provision in his policy that excluded payment in situations of suicide. His beneficiaries sued, claiming that the deceased was insane at the time of his suicide and therefore not responsible for his actions. The standard for insanity in New Jersey and the reasoning of the psychiatrists will be presented.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1981NASCP2156..343B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1981NASCP2156..343B"><span id="translatedtitle">Manifestations of advanced <span class="hlt">civilizations</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Bracewell, R. N.</p> <p></p> <p>A list of possible modes of detecting advanced <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> elsewhere in the universe is provided, including EM Alfven, and gravity waves, matter transfer, and exotica such as tachyons, black hole tunneling, and telepathy. Further study is indicated for low frequency radio wave propagation, which may travel along magnetic fields to reach the earth while laser beams are not favored because of the power needed for transmitting quanta instead of waves. IR, X ray, and UV astronomy are noted to be suitable for detecting signals in those ranges, while Alfven wave communication will be best observed by probes outside the orbit of Jupiter, where local anomalies have less effect. Particle propagation communication is viewed as unlikely, except as a trace of an extinct <span class="hlt">civilization</span>, but panspermia, which involves interstellar spreading of seeds and/or spores, receives serious attention, as does laser probe or pellet propulsion.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10901842','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10901842"><span id="translatedtitle">[Viruses and <span class="hlt">civilization</span>].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Chastel, C</p> <p>1999-01-01</p> <p>A few million years ago, when primates moved from the east African forest to the savannah, they were already infected with endogenous viruses and occultly transmitted them to the prime Homo species. However it was much later with the building of the first large cities in Mesopotamia that interhuman viral transmission began in earnest. Spreading was further enhanced with the organization of the Egyptian, Greek, Roman, and Arab empires around the Mediterranean. Discovery of the New World in 1492 led to an unprecedented clash of <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> and the destruction of pre-Columbian Indian <span class="hlt">civilizations</span>. It also led to a rapid spread of viruses across the Atlantic Ocean with the emergence of yellow fever and appearance of smallpox and measles throughout the world. However the greatest opportunities for worldwide viral development have been created by our present, modern <span class="hlt">civilization</span>. This fact is illustrated by epidemic outbreaks of human immunodeficiency virus, Venezuela hemorrhagic fever, Rift valley fever virus, and monkey pox virus. Close analysis underscores the major role of human intervention in producing these events.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19770021179','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19770021179"><span id="translatedtitle">Full-scale altitude <span class="hlt">engine</span> test of a turbofan exhaust-gas-<span class="hlt">forced</span> mixer to reduce thrust specific fuel consumption</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Cullom, R. R.; Johnson, R. L.</p> <p>1977-01-01</p> <p>The specific fuel consumption of a low-bypass-ratio, confluent-flow, turbofan <span class="hlt">engine</span> was measured with and without a mixer installed. Tests were conducted for flight Mach numbers from 0.3 to 1.4 and altitudes from 10,670 to 14,630 meters (35,000 to 48,000 ft) for core-stream-to-fan-stream temperature ratios of 2.0 and 2.5 and mixing-length-to-diameter ratios of 0.95 and 1.74. For these test conditions, the reduction in specific fuel consumption varied from 2.5 percent to 4.0 percent. Pressure loss measurements as well as temperature and pressure surveys at the mixer inlet, the mixer exit, and the nozzle inlet were made.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2015/5165/sir20155165.pdf','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2015/5165/sir20155165.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Potentiometric surfaces of the Arnold <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Development Complex Area, Arnold Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Tennessee, May and September 2011</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Haugh, Connor J.; Robinson, John A.</p> <p>2016-01-29</p> <p>During May 2011, when water levels were near seasonal highs, water-level data were collected from 374 monitoring wells; and during September 2011, when water levels were near seasonal lows, water-level data were collected from 376 monitoring wells. Potentiometric surfaces were mapped by contouring altitudes of water levels measured in wells completed in the shallow aquifer, the upper and lower parts of the Manchester aquifer, and the Fort Payne aquifer. Water levels are generally 2 to 14 feet lower in September compared to May. The potentiometric-surface maps for all aquifers indicate a groundwater depression at the J4 test cell. Similar groundwater depressions in the shallow and upper parts of the Manchester aquifer are within the main testing area at the Arnold <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Development Complex at dewatering facilities.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1885184','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1885184"><span id="translatedtitle">Arrest and incarceration of <span class="hlt">civil</span> commitment candidates.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Hiday, V A</p> <p>1991-07-01</p> <p>To gauge whether more stringent <span class="hlt">civil</span> commitment criteria have led to the criminalization of mentally ill persons, <span class="hlt">forcing</span> them into jails and prisons instead of treating them, a statewide sample of 1,226 <span class="hlt">civil</span> commitment candidates in North Carolina was tracked for six months after their commitment hearings. Only 72 sample members were arrested during the period, mostly for burglary or larceny (22 arrests), simple or aggravated assault (17 arrests), and minor offenses (40 arrests), including drunkenness, trespassing, and traffic violations. Fourteen sample members were jailed, and two were sent to prison. The mentally ill who were not involuntarily hospitalized or who were hospitalized for only short periods were seldom arrested; when they were arrested, the charges were generally for nondangerous offenses.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/92020','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/92020"><span id="translatedtitle">Systems <span class="hlt">engineering</span> approach to environmental risk management: A case study of depleted uranium at test area C-64, Eglin Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Florida. Master`s thesis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Carter, C.M.; Fortmann, K.M.; Hill, S.W.; Latin, R.M.; Masterson, E.J.</p> <p>1994-12-01</p> <p>Environmental restoration is an area of concern in an environmentally conscious world. Much effort is required to clean up the environment and promote environmentally sound methods for managing current land use. In light of the public consciousness with the latter topic, the United States Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> must also take an active role in addressing these environmental issues with respect to current and future USAF base land use. This thesis uses the systems <span class="hlt">engineering</span> technique to assess human health risks and to evaluate risk management options with respect to depleted uranium contamination in the sampled region of Test Area (TA) C-64 at Eglin Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base (AFB). The research combines the disciplines of environmental data collection, DU soil concentration distribution modeling, ground water modeling, particle resuspension modeling, exposure assessment, health hazard assessment, and uncertainty analysis to characterize the test area. These disciplines are required to quantify current and future health risks, as well as to recommend cost effective ways to increase confidence in health risk assessment and remediation options.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineer&pg=7&id=EJ440760','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineer&pg=7&id=EJ440760"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> the Way to Becoming a Federal <span class="hlt">Engineer</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Morgans, Carl J.</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>Federal <span class="hlt">engineer</span> tells <span class="hlt">engineering</span> students how to become federal <span class="hlt">engineers</span> and discusses the potential rewards and disadvantages of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> service career. Notes that federal jobs are available for <span class="hlt">engineering</span> graduates who are knowledgeable in the search process and who are persistent in seeking out such jobs. (NB)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=E-9149&hterms=jack&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3Djack','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=E-9149&hterms=jack&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3Djack"><span id="translatedtitle">X-15 #2 on lakebed after <span class="hlt">engine</span> failure <span class="hlt">forced</span> pilot Jack McKay to make an emergency landing at Mud</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>1962-01-01</p> <p>On 9 November 1962, an <span class="hlt">engine</span> failure <span class="hlt">forced</span> Jack McKay, a NASA research pilot, to make an emergency landing at Mud Lake, Nevada, in the second X-15 (56-6671); its landing gear collapsed and the X-15 flipped over on its back. McKay was promptly rescued by an Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> medical team standing by near the launch site, and eventually recovered to fly the X-15 again. But his injuries, more serious than at first thought, eventually <span class="hlt">forced</span> his retirement from NASA. The aircraft was sent back to the manufacturer, where it underwent extensive repairs and modifications. It returned to Edwards in February 1964 as the X-15A-2, with a longer fuselage (52 ft 5 in) and external fuel tanks. The basic X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique side fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket <span class="hlt">engine</span>, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of thrust. North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow-on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. For flight in the dense air of the usable atmosphere, the X-15 used conventional aerodynamic controls such as rudder surfaces on the vertical stabilizers to control yaw and movable horizontal stabilizers to control pitch when moving in synchronization or roll when moved differentially. For flight in the thin air outside of the appreciable Earth's atmosphere, the X-15 used a reaction control system. Hydrogen peroxide thrust rockets located on</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19910001715','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19910001715"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> space technology initiative</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Space Technology Initiative (CSTI) is a major, focused, space technology program of the Office of Aeronautics, Exploration and Technology (OAET) of NASA. The program was initiated to advance technology beyond basic research in order to expand and enhance system and vehicle capabilities for near-term missions. CSTI takes critical technologies to the point at which a user can confidently incorporate the new or expanded capabilities into relatively near-term, high-priority NASA missions. In particular, the CSTI program emphasizes technologies necessary for reliable and efficient access to and operation in Earth orbit as well as for support of scientific missions from Earth orbit.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering&pg=2&id=EJ841235','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering&pg=2&id=EJ841235"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Accreditation in China: The Progress and Development of China's <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Accreditation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Jiaju, Bi</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>Among <span class="hlt">engineering</span> degree programs at the bachelor's level in China, <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> was the first one accredited in accordance with a professional programmatic accreditation system comparable to that of international practice. Launched in 1994, the accreditation of <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> aimed high and toward international standards and featured the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5927445','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5927445"><span id="translatedtitle">Analysis of the United States Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> nonpoint-source water-pollution-abatement program. Master's thesis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Seaman, T.G.</p> <p>1990-09-01</p> <p>This theses examined the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> nonpoint source pollution abatement program by evaluating Major Command, Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Regional <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineer</span> and installations compliance to the official Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> policy. Seventy-two installations in 37 states and ten Major Commands were represented in the data. The evaluation classified nonpoint source pollutants into five categories: urban, agricultural, construction, silvacultural and other. The research showed that most of the Major Command abatement programs were adequately meeting the needs of the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span>. Two Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Regional <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> were evaluated. It was determined that one of these organizations had taken the necessary steps to implement nonpoint source abatement at the installations within their jurisdiction. The other organization was found to have a lack of current state regulatory information. Installation compliance was inconclusive due to the ambiguous, unstructured nature of the data. The major conclusion of this study was the need for the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> installations to implement more comprehensive nonpoint source pollution abatement programs. Elements of these programs range from educating the installations' populaces to implementing nonstructural best management practices such as including nonpoint source pollution abatement in Natural Resources Plans.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED062593.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED062593.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Support Assistants for Fire Emergencies; Student Manual, Part A. Firefighting for <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Defense Emergencies.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>International Association of Fire Chiefs, New York, NY.</p> <p></p> <p>A manual intended to help fire departments and <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Defense organizations train people to support regular fire <span class="hlt">forces</span> during a national emergency is presented. It contains 11 chapters: Introduction, Modern Weapons and Radioactive Fallout, Role of Fire Service in <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Defense, Local Fire Department Organization, Role of Support Assistants in…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=pragmatism&pg=6&id=EJ863134','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=pragmatism&pg=6&id=EJ863134"><span id="translatedtitle">"Fleshing Out Consensus": Radical Pragmatism, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights, and the Algebra Project</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Wahman, Jessica</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>It has been said that pragmatism's "merely instrumental" truths fail to motivate radical change whereas absolute ideals make excellent guiding and driving <span class="hlt">forces</span> for justice. However, in "Radical Equations: Math Literacy and <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights," Robert Moses speaks of the radical success of pragmatic principles, used in the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Movement, that…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20060041313&hterms=longevity&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dlongevity','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20060041313&hterms=longevity&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dlongevity"><span id="translatedtitle">Cosmic Collisions and the Longevity of Non-Spacefaring Galactic <span class="hlt">Civilizations</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Ostro, S. H.; Sagan, C.</p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>Interplanetary collision hazards in many planetary systems <span class="hlt">force</span> <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> to become spacefaring or extinct. This selection pressure apparently acts on a timescale of 10(sup 5) years on Earth's current human <span class="hlt">civilization</span>, but may act on shorter or longer timescales elsewhere.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca2576.photos.382456p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca2576.photos.382456p/"><span id="translatedtitle">14. "SITE WORK, <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span>, SITE PLAN." Test Area 1120. Specifications ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>14. "SITE WORK, <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span>, SITE PLAN." Test Area 1-120. Specifications No. OC2-55-72; Drawing No. 60-09-12; sheet 7 of 148; file no. 1320/58, Rev. C. Stamped: RECORD DRAWING - AS CONSTRUCTED. Below stamp: Contract no. 4338 Rev. C, Date: 16 April 1957. - Edwards Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Leuhman Ridge near Highways 58 & 395, Boron, Kern County, CA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca2576.photos.192927p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca2576.photos.192927p/"><span id="translatedtitle">13. "<span class="hlt">CIVIL</span>, SITE PLAN AND VICINITY MAP, AREA LOCATIONS." Test ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>13. "<span class="hlt">CIVIL</span>, SITE PLAN AND VICINITY MAP, AREA LOCATIONS." Test Area 1-125. Specifications No. ENG (NASA)-04-35363-1; Drawing No. 60-09-34; sheet 11. Ref. No. C-l. D.O. SERIES 1597/1. Approved for siting on 24 April 1962. - Edwards Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Base, Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Leuhman Ridge near Highways 58 & 395, Boron, Kern County, CA</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li class="active"><span>19</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_19 --> <div id="page_20" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li class="active"><span>20</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="381"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6659675','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6659675"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> defense: nuclear debate's new element</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Sweet, W.</p> <p>1982-06-04</p> <p>President Reagan's plans to build up US military <span class="hlt">forces</span> include a seven-year $4.2 billion <span class="hlt">civil</span>-defense program that will emphasize the removal of residents from urban centers and will match the Soviet capability. In the Soviet Union, cities of 100,000 have shelters for 10 to 20% of the population, but they lack the US transportation system, low-density suburbs, mild climate, and other factors. The House Armed Services Committee approved raising the current $133 million <span class="hlt">civil</span>-defense budget to $252 million, but the Senate's May 14th vote limited the increase to $144 million. The <span class="hlt">civil</span>-defense debate offers peace and anti-nuclear activists on opportunity to organize and coordinate their efforts. Peace activists were to demonstrate against the administration's plans during a special June 7-9 United Nations session because they feel the public will now be able to understand the implications of relocation in government planning for nuclear war. 17 references, 2 figures, 31 tables. (DCK)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title7-vol11/pdf/CFR-2010-title7-vol11-part1724-subpartE-appA.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title7-vol11/pdf/CFR-2010-title7-vol11-part1724-subpartE-appA.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">7 CFR Appendix A to Subpart E of... - Hazard Potential Classification for <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Hazard Potential Classification for <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works... (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC <span class="hlt">ENGINEERING</span>, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES... Subpart E of Part 1724—Hazard Potential Classification for <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Works Projects The source for...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=battles&id=EJ826186','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=battles&id=EJ826186"><span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Civil</span> War Battle that Helped Create a State</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Chick, Kay A.</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>The Battle of Bull Run is routinely cited as the first land battle of the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> War. This battle between Union and Confederate <span class="hlt">forces</span> took place near Manassas, Virginia, on July 21, 1861. But was this battle really the initial skirmish between the North and the South? Historians today concede that the first land battle actually took place on June…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol2-part277-app-id733.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol2-part277-app-id733.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR Appendix to Part 277 - Program Fraud <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Remedies</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... section G., below, to be liable for a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty or assessment under Section C., below. 8. DoD Criminal Investigative Organizations The U.S. Army Criminal Investigative Command, Naval Security and Investigative Command, U.S. Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> Office of Special Investigations, and the Defense Criminal Investigative...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol1-sec208-920.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol1-sec208-920.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">22 CFR 208.920 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 208.920 Section 208.920 Foreign...) Definitions § 208.920 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment means the disposition of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> action by any court of... creates a <span class="hlt">civil</span> liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol2-sec1006-920.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol2-sec1006-920.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">22 CFR 1006.920 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 1006.920 Section 1006.920...) Definitions § 1006.920 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment means the disposition of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> action by any court of... creates a <span class="hlt">civil</span> liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title21-vol9/pdf/CFR-2010-title21-vol9-sec1404-920.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title21-vol9/pdf/CFR-2010-title21-vol9-sec1404-920.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">21 CFR 1404.920 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 1404.920 Section 1404.920 Food and...) Definitions § 1404.920 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment means the disposition of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> action by any court of... creates a <span class="hlt">civil</span> liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title2-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title2-vol1-sec180-915.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title2-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title2-vol1-sec180-915.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">2 CFR 180.915 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 180.915 Section 180.915... § 180.915 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment means the disposition of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> action by any court of... creates a <span class="hlt">civil</span> liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol2-sec1508-920.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol2-sec1508-920.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">22 CFR 1508.920 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 1508.920 Section 1508.920...) Definitions § 1508.920 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment means the disposition of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> action by any court of... creates a <span class="hlt">civil</span> liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19900019221','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19900019221"><span id="translatedtitle">High-speed <span class="hlt">civil</span> transport study: Special factors</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>Studies relating to environmental factors associated with high speed <span class="hlt">civil</span> transports were conducted. Projected total <span class="hlt">engine</span> emissions for year 2015 fleets of several subsonic/supersonic transport fleet scenarios, discussion of sonic boom reduction methods, discussion of community noise level requirements, fuels considerations, and air traffic control impact are presented.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=automotive+AND+engineering&pg=4&id=ED150312','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=automotive+AND+engineering&pg=4&id=ED150312"><span id="translatedtitle">Applied Physics Modules Selected for Architectural and <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Drafting Technologies.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Waring, Gene</p> <p></p> <p>Designed for individualized use in an applied physics course in postsecondary vocational-technical education, this series of six learning modules is equivalent to the content of a three-credit hour class in surveying and drafting technology, architectural drafting technology, building construction technology, and <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> technology.…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED330831.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED330831.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Vocational Education and <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.</p> <p></p> <p>This pamphlet discusses the "Guidelines for Eliminating Discrimination and Denial of Services on the Basis of Race, Color, National Origin, Sex, and Handicap in Vocational Education Programs," first issued by the Office for <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights in 1979, and how they relate to the <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights of students and staff. It also outlines the responsibilities of…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995PhDT........36D','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995PhDT........36D"><span id="translatedtitle">Optical Fiber Sensors for Advanced <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Structures</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>de Vries, Marten Johannes Cornelius</p> <p>1995-01-01</p> <p>The objective of this dissertation is to develop, analyze, and implement optical fiber-based sensors for the nondestructive quantitative evaluation of advanced <span class="hlt">civil</span> structures. Based on a comparative evaluation of optical fiber sensors that may be used to obtain quantitative information related to physical perturbations in the <span class="hlt">civil</span> structure, the extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric (EFPI) optical fiber sensor is selected as the most attractive sensor. The operation of the EFPI sensor is explained using the Kirchhoff diffraction approach. As is shown in this dissertation, this approach better predicts the signal-to-noise ratio as a function of gap length than methods employed previously. The performance of the optical fiber sensor is demonstrated in three different implementations. In the first implementation, performed with researchers in the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Department at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, optical fiber sensors were used to obtain quantitative strain information from reinforced concrete interior and exterior column-to-beam connections. The second implementation, performed in cooperation with researchers at the United States Bureau of Mines in Spokane, Washington, used optical fiber sensors to monitor the performance of roof bolts used in mines. The last implementation, performed in cooperation with researchers at the Turner-Fairbanks Federal Highway Administration Research Center in McLean, Virginia, used optical fiber sensors, attached to composite prestressing strands used for reinforcing concrete, to obtain absolute strain information. Multiplexing techniques including time, frequency and wavelength division multiplexing are briefly discussed, whereas the principles of operation of spread spectrum and optical time domain reflectometery (OTDR) are discussed in greater detail. Results demonstrating that spread spectrum and OTDR techniques can be used to multiplex optical fiber sensors are presented. Finally, practical</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3365856','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3365856"><span id="translatedtitle">Individual Decisions to Migrate During <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Conflict</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Bohra-Mishra, Pratikshya; Massey, Douglas S.</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>The existing literature on <span class="hlt">forced</span> migration limits our understanding of how violence affects migration to competing destinations. This article adds to the literature on <span class="hlt">forced</span> migration by studying how armed violence during a period of <span class="hlt">civil</span> conflict in south-central Nepal influenced the likelihood of local, internal, and international migration. We find that violence has a nonlinear effect on migration, such that low to moderate levels of violence reduce the odds of movement, but when violence reaches high levels, the odds of movement increase. We also find that the effect of violence on mobility increases as the distance of the move increases. When we consider the influence of violence on microlevel decision-making, we find that the effects of individual and household-level determinants were mostly consistent with hypotheses derived from contemporary theories of voluntary migration and that no predictor of migration influenced the decision to migrate differently in the presence of violence. PMID:21541805</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFMED43B0553D','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFMED43B0553D"><span id="translatedtitle">Computing in Hydraulic <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Education</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Duan, J. G.</p> <p>2011-12-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineers</span>, pioneers of our <span class="hlt">civilization</span>, are rarely perceived as leaders and innovators in modern society because of retardations in technology innovation. This crisis has resulted in the decline of the prestige of <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> profession, reduction of federal funding on deteriorating infrastructures, and problems with attracting the most talented high-school students. Infusion of cutting-edge computer technology and stimulating creativity and innovation therefore are the critical challenge to <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> education. To better prepare our graduates to innovate, this paper discussed the adaption of problem-based collaborative learning technique and integration of <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> computing into a traditional <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> curriculum. Three interconnected courses: Open Channel Flow, Computational Hydraulics, and Sedimentation <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>, were developed with emphasis on computational simulations. In Open Channel flow, the focuses are principles of free surface flow and the application of computational models. This prepares students to the 2nd course, Computational Hydraulics, that introduce the fundamental principles of computational hydraulics, including finite difference and finite element methods. This course complements the Open Channel Flow class to provide students with in-depth understandings of computational methods. The 3rd course, Sedimentation <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>, covers the fundamentals of sediment transport and river <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, so students can apply the knowledge and programming skills gained from previous courses to develop computational models for simulating sediment transport. These courses effectively equipped students with important skills and knowledge to complete thesis and dissertation research.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=automotive+AND+engineering&pg=4&id=EJ179700','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=automotive+AND+engineering&pg=4&id=EJ179700"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Technology Curriculum Guidelines</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Gershon, J. J.</p> <p>1977-01-01</p> <p>Summarizes curriculum guidelines for the following <span class="hlt">engineering</span> technologies: chemical, industrial, mining, petroleum, nuclear, <span class="hlt">civil</span>, mechanical, electrical, automotive, and manufacturing. In a few years, these <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Council for Professional Development committee guidelines are intended to become the criteria by which programs will be judged…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering+AND+book&id=ED176807','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering+AND+book&id=ED176807"><span id="translatedtitle">Computers in <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Teaching.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Rushby, N. J.</p> <p></p> <p>This bibliography cites 26 books, papers, and reports dealing with various uses of computers in <span class="hlt">engineering</span> education; and describes several computer programs available for use in teaching aeronautical, chemical, <span class="hlt">civil</span>, electrical and electronic, mechanical, and nuclear <span class="hlt">engineering</span>. Each computer program entry is presented by name, author,…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20040077263','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20040077263"><span id="translatedtitle">Contingency Power Study for Short Haul <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Tiltrotor</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>D'Angelo, Marin M.</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>NASA has concluded from previous studies that the twin <span class="hlt">engine</span> tiltrotor is the most economical and technologically viable rotorcraft for near-term <span class="hlt">civil</span> applications. Twin <span class="hlt">engine</span> <span class="hlt">civil</span> rotorcraft must be able to hover safely on one <span class="hlt">engine</span> in an emergency. This emergency power requirement generally results in <span class="hlt">engines</span> 20 to 50 percent larger than needed for normal <span class="hlt">engine</span> operation, negatively impacting aircraft economics. This study identifies several contingency power enhancement concepts, and quantifies their potential to reduce aircraft operating costs. Many unique concepts were examined, and the selected concepts are simple, reliable, and have a high potential for near term realization. These <span class="hlt">engine</span> concepts allow extremely high turbine temperatures during emergency operation by providing cooling to the power turbine and augmenting cooling of both turbines and structural hardware. Direct operating cost are reduced 3 to percent, which could yield a 30 to 80 percent increase in operating profits. The study consists of the definition of an aircraft economics model and a baseline <span class="hlt">engine</span>, and an <span class="hlt">engine</span> concept screening study, and a preliminary definition of the selected concepts. The selected concepts are evaluated against the baseline <span class="hlt">engine</span>, and the critical technologies and development needs are identified, along with applications for this technology.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title50-vol13/pdf/CFR-2014-title50-vol13-sec697-11.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title50-vol13/pdf/CFR-2014-title50-vol13-sec697-11.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">50 CFR 697.11 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>....11 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures. The <span class="hlt">civil</span> procedure regulations at 15 CFR part 904 apply to <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties, permit sanctions, seizures, and forfeitures under the Atlantic Striped Bass Conservation Act and...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title50-vol11/pdf/CFR-2011-title50-vol11-sec697-11.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title50-vol11/pdf/CFR-2011-title50-vol11-sec697-11.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">50 CFR 697.11 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-10-01</p> <p>....11 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures. The <span class="hlt">civil</span> procedure regulations at 15 CFR part 904 apply to <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties, permit sanctions, seizures, and forfeitures under the Atlantic Striped Bass Conservation Act and...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li class="active"><span>20</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_20 --> <div id="page_21" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li class="active"><span>21</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="401"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title50-vol13/pdf/CFR-2013-title50-vol13-sec697-11.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title50-vol13/pdf/CFR-2013-title50-vol13-sec697-11.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">50 CFR 697.11 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>....11 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures. The <span class="hlt">civil</span> procedure regulations at 15 CFR part 904 apply to <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties, permit sanctions, seizures, and forfeitures under the Atlantic Striped Bass Conservation Act and...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title50-vol13/pdf/CFR-2012-title50-vol13-sec697-11.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title50-vol13/pdf/CFR-2012-title50-vol13-sec697-11.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">50 CFR 697.11 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-10-01</p> <p>....11 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures. The <span class="hlt">civil</span> procedure regulations at 15 CFR part 904 apply to <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties, permit sanctions, seizures, and forfeitures under the Atlantic Striped Bass Conservation Act and...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-11-17/pdf/2011-29783.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-11-17/pdf/2011-29783.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 71431 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalty Calculation Methodology</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-11-17</p> <p>... TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalty Calculation Methodology AGENCY: Federal... its <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty methodology. Part of this evaluation includes a forthcoming explanation of the Uniform Fine Assessment (UFA) algorithm, which FMCSA currently uses for calculation of <span class="hlt">civil</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347154p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347154p/"><span id="translatedtitle">Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Unit Providence, Warwick, RI), U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>, third district, marine railway, Sandy Hook Station, Ft. Hancock, Sandy Hook, NJ, repairs, plan sections & framing details, wharf B - U.S. Coast Guard Sandy Hook Station, Western Docking Structure, West of intersection of Canfield Road & Hartshorne Drive, Highlands, Monmouth County, NJ</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347152p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347152p/"><span id="translatedtitle">Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Unit Providence, Warwick, RI), U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>, third district, Sandy Hook L/B Station, Sandy Hook N.J., buoy hoist installation and bldg alterations, January 3, 1952 Details of 4 ton hoist and building, wharf B - U.S. Coast Guard Sandy Hook Station, Western Docking Structure, West of intersection of Canfield Road & Hartshorne Drive, Highlands, Monmouth County, NJ</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347151p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347151p/"><span id="translatedtitle">Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Unit Providence, Warwick, RI), U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>, third district, Sandy Hook L/B Station showing boat basin plan, circa 1945 Detail of western docking structure - U.S. Coast Guard Sandy Hook Station, Western Docking Structure, West of intersection of Canfield Road & Hartshorne Drive, Highlands, Monmouth County, NJ</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347153p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347153p/"><span id="translatedtitle">Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Unit Providence, Warwick, RI), U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span>, third district, Sandy Hook L/B Station, Fort Hancock, NJ, boathouse, plot plan, floor plan, elevation. & section., November 8, 1963 Proposed boathouse wharf B, L.A.S. building shown on wharf A - U.S. Coast Guard Sandy Hook Station, Western Docking Structure, West of intersection of Canfield Road & Hartshorne Drive, Highlands, Monmouth County, NJ</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED524622.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED524622.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Encouraging Minority Students to Pursue Science, Technology, <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> and Math Careers. A Briefing before the United States Commission on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Held in Washington, D.C. Briefing Report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>US Commission on Civil Rights, 2010</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>The Commission held a briefing entitled, "Encouraging Minority Students to Pursue Science, Technology, <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> and Math Careers." In particular, the Commission examined why minority college students who begin their college studies intending to major in science, technology, <span class="hlt">engineering</span> or math (STEM) leave these disciplines in disproportionate…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20050157094&hterms=time+travel+paradox&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dtime%2Btravel%2Bparadox','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20050157094&hterms=time+travel+paradox&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dtime%2Btravel%2Bparadox"><span id="translatedtitle">Technical <span class="hlt">Civilizations</span> in the Galaxy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Jones, Harry</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>Are there other technical <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> in the galaxy? Past analyses come to different conclusions. Cocconi and Morrison demonstrated in 1959 that interstellar radio communication was possible and Drake conducted the first search for beacons in 1960. The Drake equation estimates the number of galactic <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> that are transmitting beacons as the product of the rate of star formation in the galaxy, the fraction of stars with planets, their average number of earthlike planets, the fraction with intelligent life and interstellar communication, and the average lifetime of a technical <span class="hlt">civilization</span>. The Drake model of the galaxy contains many technical <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> with communication but no interstellar travel. Michael Hart in 1975 strongly challenged this model. Starting with the fact that no extraterrestrials have been observed on Earth, and assuming that interstellar colonization is possible, he concluded that it was very likely that we are the first <span class="hlt">civilization</span> in our galaxy and that searching or beacons is probably a waste of time and money. The Fermi paradox similarly reasons that if extraterrestrials exist: they should be here, and asks, Where are they? The Hart/Fermi model of the galaxy contains only our <span class="hlt">civilization</span> and suggests we may colonize the galaxy. A third galactic model is that we are alone but will never develop interstellar travel. The fourth alternate model has many technical <span class="hlt">civilizations</span>, with interstellar travel and colonization. The possibilities are clear and momentous. Either we are the only technical <span class="hlt">civilization</span> in the galaxy or there are others. Technical <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> will colonize the galaxy or not. We have four cosmic conjectures - one or many, colonization or not - but however unlikely they seem based on our limited evidence, one of these four models must be collect.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14514463','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14514463"><span id="translatedtitle">Credit and <span class="hlt">civilization</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Newton, Tim</p> <p>2003-09-01</p> <p>This paper analyses financial credit in order to re-examine the work of Norbert Elias, particularly his association of interdependency complexity with social discipline, and his approach to contradiction. Following a discussion of these issues, the paper examines Elias's writing on money and explores the emergence of financial credit networks in early modern England. Attention is paid to credit networks and social discipline, to credit and the state, and to the contradictory images associated with the transition to modern cash economies. From one perspective, early modern credit networks might be read as a confirmation of Elias, particularly his argument that interdependency complexity, changing power balances and self-restraint are interwoven. Yet the development of modern cash money raises questions, not just in relation to Elias's treatment of money, but also with regard to his assumptions about social discipline and his approach to ambivalence and contradiction. Drawing on the foregoing discussion, the paper argues that the relation between interdependency complexity and social discipline is contingent and variable, and that interdependency complexity may simultaneously encourage contradictory processes, such as those of <span class="hlt">civilizing</span> and barbarity.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19930008972','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19930008972"><span id="translatedtitle">High speed <span class="hlt">civil</span> transport</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>This report discusses the design and marketability of a next generation supersonic transport. Apogee Aeronautics Corporation has designated its High Speed <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Transport (HSCT): Supercruiser HS-8. Since the beginning of the Concorde era, the general consensus has been that the proper time for the introduction of a next generation Supersonic Transport (SST) would depend upon the technical advances made in the areas of propulsion (reduction in emissions) and material composites (stronger, lighter materials). It is believed by many in the aerospace industry that these beforementioned technical advances lie on the horizon. With this being the case, this is the proper time to begin the design phase for the next generation HSCT. The design objective for a HSCT was to develop an aircraft that would be capable of transporting at least 250 passengers with baggage at a distance of 5500 nmi. The supersonic Mach number is currently unspecified. In addition, the design had to be marketable, cost effective, and certifiable. To achieve this goal, technical advances in the current SST's must be made, especially in the areas of aerodynamics and propulsion. As a result of these required aerodynamic advances, several different supersonic design concepts were reviewed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19830052148&hterms=1603&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3D%2526%25231603','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19830052148&hterms=1603&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3D%2526%25231603"><span id="translatedtitle">NASA technology program for future <span class="hlt">civil</span> air transports</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Wright, H. T.</p> <p>1983-01-01</p> <p>An assessment is undertaken of the development status of technology, applicable to future <span class="hlt">civil</span> air transport design, which is currently undergoing conceptual study or testing at NASA facilities. The NASA <span class="hlt">civil</span> air transport effort emphasizes advanced aerodynamic computational capabilities, fuel-efficient <span class="hlt">engines</span>, advanced turboprops, composite primary structure materials, advanced aerodynamic concepts in boundary layer laminarization and aircraft configuration, refined control, guidance and flight management systems, and the integration of all these design elements into optimal systems. Attention is given to such novel transport aircraft design concepts as forward swept wings, twin fuselages, sandwich composite structures, and swept blade propfans.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2011-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2011-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.7 - Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields. 855.7 Section 855.7 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRCRAFT <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits §...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.7 - Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields. 855.7 Section 855.7 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRCRAFT <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits §...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2012-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2012-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.7 - Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields. 855.7 Section 855.7 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRCRAFT <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits §...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2013-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2013-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.7 - Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields. 855.7 Section 855.7 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRCRAFT <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits §...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2014-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title32-vol6/pdf/CFR-2014-title32-vol6-sec855-7.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 855.7 - Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Conditions for use of Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> airfields. 855.7 Section 855.7 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRCRAFT <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR <span class="hlt">FORCE</span> AIRFIELDS <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Aircraft Landing Permits §...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=laser+AND+technology&pg=6&id=EJ412358','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=laser+AND+technology&pg=6&id=EJ412358"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Technology Education: Bibliography 1989.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Dyrud, Marilyn A., Comp.</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>Over 200 references divided into 24 different areas are presented. Topics include administration, aeronautics, architecture, biomedical technology, CAD/CAM, <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, computers, curriculum, electrical/electronics <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, industrial <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, industry and employment, instructional technology, laboratories, lasers, liberal studies,…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED074315.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED074315.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> Defense, U. S. A.: A Programmed Orientation to <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Defense. Unit 5. Governmental Responsibilities for <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Defense.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DOD), Battle Creek, MI.</p> <p></p> <p>A description of the laws and orders that provide necessary legal authorization for <span class="hlt">civil</span> defense activities is provided. In addition, an outline of the responsibilities of all governments and the role of the private sector in <span class="hlt">civil</span> defense is presented. Topics discussed include: (1) Legal authority for <span class="hlt">civil</span> defense, (2) <span class="hlt">Civil</span> defense…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED415321.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED415321.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">U.S. Commission on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights' 40th Anniversary: The Road Ahead for <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights. A <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Symposium.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Civil Rights Journal, 1997</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>This special theme issue of the newly titled "<span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Journal" (previously titled "Perspectives"), commemorates the 40th anniversary of the U.S. Commission on <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights by presenting a written symposium that offers a wide range of perspectives on <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights realities and the future of <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights. Three context-setting articles…</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li class="active"><span>21</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_21 --> <div id="page_22" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li class="active"><span>22</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="421"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec921-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec921-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 921.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 921.845 Section 921.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply when <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties are assessed...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec942-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec942-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 942.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 942.845 Section 942.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE TENNESSEE § 942.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply to the assessment of <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title29-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title29-vol1-sec98-920.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title29-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title29-vol1-sec98-920.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">29 CFR 98.920 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 98.920 Section 98.920 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 98.920 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment means the disposition of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> action by any court of competent...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec941-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec941-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 941.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 941.845 Section 941.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE SOUTH DAKOTA § 941.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply when <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties are assessed...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title5-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title5-vol2-sec919-920.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title5-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title5-vol2-sec919-920.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">5 CFR 919.920 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 919.920 Section 919.920 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.920 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec903-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec903-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 903.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 903.845 Section 903.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE ARIZONA § 903.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, applies to the assessment of <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties for...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec933-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec933-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 933.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 933.845 Section 933.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA § 933.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chaper, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply when <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties are assessed...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec922-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec922-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 922.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 922.845 Section 922.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MICHIGAN § 922.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply when <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties are assessed for...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title50-vol9/pdf/CFR-2010-title50-vol9-sec697-11.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title50-vol9/pdf/CFR-2010-title50-vol9-sec697-11.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">50 CFR 697.11 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>....11 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures. The <span class="hlt">civil</span> procedure regulations at 15 CFR part 904 apply to <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> procedures. 697.11 Section 697.11 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title31-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title31-vol1-sec19-920.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title31-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title31-vol1-sec19-920.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">31 CFR 19.920 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 19.920 Section 19.920... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.920 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment means the disposition of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> action by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether by verdict, decision,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec905-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec905-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 905.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 905.845 Section 905.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE CALIFORNIA § 905.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply to the assessment of <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title48-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title48-vol1-sec3-807.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title48-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title48-vol1-sec3-807.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">48 CFR 3.807 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 3.807... Federal Transactions 3.807 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Agencies shall impose and collect <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties pursuant to the provisions of the Program Fraud and <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Remedies Act, 31 U.S.C. 3803 (except subsection...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol4-sec406-9.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol4-sec406-9.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">14 CFR 406.9 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 406.9 Section 406.9... § 406.9 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. (a) <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty liability. Under 49 U.S.C. 70115(c), a person found by the... <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty of not more than $100,000 for each violation, as adjusted for inflation. A...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec939-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec939-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 939.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 939.845 Section 939.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE RHODE ISLAND § 939.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply when <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties are assessed...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec912-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec912-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 912.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 912.845 Section 912.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE IDAHO § 912.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply when <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties are assessed for...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title10-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title10-vol1-sec2-205.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title10-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title10-vol1-sec2-205.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">10 CFR 2.205 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 2.205 Section 2.205 Energy NUCLEAR... for Imposing <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties § 2.205 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. (a) Before instituting any proceeding to impose a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty under section 234 of the Act, the Executive Director for Operations or the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title29-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title29-vol4-sec1471-920.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title29-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title29-vol4-sec1471-920.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">29 CFR 1471.920 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 1471.920 Section 1471.920 Labor Regulations... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.920 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment means the disposition of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> action by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether by verdict, decision,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec910-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec910-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 910.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 910.845 Section 910.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE GEORGIA § 910.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply when <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties are assessed for...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec947-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec947-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 947.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 947.845 Section 947.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE WASHINGTON § 947.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply when <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties are assessed...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec937-845.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec937-845.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 937.845 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 937.845 Section 937.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE OREGON § 937.845 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Penalties, shall apply when <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties are assessed for...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li class="active"><span>22</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_22 --> <div id="page_23" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li class="active"><span>23</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="441"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2010-title7-vol15-sec3017-920.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2010-title7-vol15-sec3017-920.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">7 CFR 3017.920 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. 3017.920 Section 3017.920 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 3017.920 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> judgment means the disposition of a <span class="hlt">civil</span> action by any court of competent jurisdiction,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2012-title7-vol15-sec2500-056.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2012-title7-vol15-sec2500-056.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">7 CFR 2500.056 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>... Closeout § 2500.056 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. Awardees must comply with the <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights requirements of 7 CFR part 15, subpart A—USDA implementation of Title VI of the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In accordance, no... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 2500.056 Section 2500.056...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title14-vol5/pdf/CFR-2012-title14-vol5-sec1274-924.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title14-vol5/pdf/CFR-2012-title14-vol5-sec1274-924.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">14 CFR 1274.924 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights July 2002 Work on NASA cooperative agreements is subject to the provisions of Title VI of the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title28-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title28-vol1-sec31-202.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title28-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title28-vol1-sec31-202.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">28 CFR 31.202 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 31.202 Section 31.202....202 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. (a) To carry out the State's Federal <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights responsibilities the plan must: (1) Designate a <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights contact person who has lead responsibility in insuring that all applicable...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title28-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title28-vol1-sec31-202.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title28-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title28-vol1-sec31-202.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">28 CFR 31.202 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 31.202 Section 31.202....202 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. (a) To carry out the State's Federal <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights responsibilities the plan must: (1) Designate a <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights contact person who has lead responsibility in insuring that all applicable...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2013-title7-vol15-sec2500-056.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2013-title7-vol15-sec2500-056.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">7 CFR 2500.056 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>... Closeout § 2500.056 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. Awardees must comply with the <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights requirements of 7 CFR part 15, subpart A—USDA implementation of Title VI of the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In accordance, no... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 2500.056 Section 2500.056...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title14-vol5/pdf/CFR-2013-title14-vol5-sec1274-924.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title14-vol5/pdf/CFR-2013-title14-vol5-sec1274-924.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">14 CFR 1274.924 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights July 2002 Work on NASA cooperative agreements is subject to the provisions of Title VI of the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2014-title7-vol15-sec2500-056.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2014-title7-vol15-sec2500-056.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">7 CFR 2500.056 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>... Closeout § 2500.056 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. Awardees must comply with the <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights requirements of 7 CFR part 15, subpart A—USDA implementation of Title VI of the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In accordance, no... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 2500.056 Section 2500.056...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title14-vol5/pdf/CFR-2011-title14-vol5-sec1274-924.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title14-vol5/pdf/CFR-2011-title14-vol5-sec1274-924.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">14 CFR 1274.924 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights July 2002 Work on NASA cooperative agreements is subject to the provisions of Title VI of the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title28-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title28-vol1-sec31-202.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title28-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title28-vol1-sec31-202.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">28 CFR 31.202 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 31.202 Section 31.202....202 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. (a) To carry out the State's Federal <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights responsibilities the plan must: (1) Designate a <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights contact person who has lead responsibility in insuring that all applicable...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title28-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title28-vol1-sec31-202.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title28-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title28-vol1-sec31-202.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">28 CFR 31.202 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 31.202 Section 31.202....202 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. (a) To carry out the State's Federal <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights responsibilities the plan must: (1) Designate a <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights contact person who has lead responsibility in insuring that all applicable...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994sfcd.work..227M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994sfcd.work..227M"><span id="translatedtitle">Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> seal activities</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Mayhew, Ellen R.</p> <p>1994-07-01</p> <p>Seal technology development is an important part of the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span>'s participation in the Integrated High Performance Turbine <span class="hlt">Engine</span> Technology (IHPTET) initiative, the joint DOD, NASA, ARPA, and industry endeavor to double turbine <span class="hlt">engine</span> capabilities by the turn of the century. Significant performance and efficiency improvements can be obtained through reducing internal flow system leakage, but seal environment requirements continue to become more extreme as the <span class="hlt">engine</span> thermodynamic cycles advance towards these IHPTET goals. Brush seal technology continues to be pursued by the Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> to reduce leakage at the required conditions. Likewise, challenges in <span class="hlt">engine</span> mainshaft air/oil seals are also being addressed. Counter-rotating intershaft applications within the IHPTET initiative involve very high rubbing velocities. This viewgraph presentation briefly describes past and current seal research and development programs and gives a summary of seal applications in demonstrator and developmental <span class="hlt">engine</span> testing.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27410747','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27410747"><span id="translatedtitle">Nanonet <span class="hlt">Force</span> Microscopy for Measuring Cell <span class="hlt">Forces</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sheets, Kevin; Wang, Ji; Zhao, Wei; Kapania, Rakesh; Nain, Amrinder S</p> <p>2016-07-12</p> <p>The influence of physical <span class="hlt">forces</span> exerted by or felt by cells on cell shape, migration, and cytoskeleton arrangement is now widely acknowledged and hypothesized to occur due to modulation of cellular inside-out <span class="hlt">forces</span> in response to changes in the external fibrous environment (outside-in). Our previous work using the non-electrospinning Spinneret-based Tunable <span class="hlt">Engineered</span> Parameters' suspended fibers has revealed that cells are able to sense and respond to changes in fiber curvature and structural stiffness as evidenced by alterations to focal adhesion cluster lengths. Here, we present the development and application of a suspended nanonet platform for measuring C2C12 mouse myoblast <span class="hlt">forces</span> attached to fibers of three diameters (250, 400, and 800 nm) representing a wide range of structural stiffness (3-50 nN/μm). The nanonet <span class="hlt">force</span> microscopy platform measures cell adhesion <span class="hlt">forces</span> in response to symmetric and asymmetric external perturbation in single and cyclic modes. We find that contractility-based, inside-out <span class="hlt">forces</span> are evenly distributed at the edges of the cell, and that <span class="hlt">forces</span> are dependent on fiber structural stiffness. Additionally, external perturbation in symmetric and asymmetric modes biases cell-fiber failure location without affecting the outside-in <span class="hlt">forces</span> of cell-fiber adhesion. We then extend the platform to measure <span class="hlt">forces</span> of (1) cell-cell junctions, (2) single cells undergoing cyclic perturbation in the presence of drugs, and (3) cancerous single-cells transitioning from a blebbing to a pseudopodial morphology. PMID:27410747</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70012758','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70012758"><span id="translatedtitle">PROFESSIONAL REGISTRATION OF GOVERNMENT <span class="hlt">ENGINEERS</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Buchanan, Thomas J.</p> <p>1985-01-01</p> <p>The American Society of <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> views professional registration as an appropriate requirement for <span class="hlt">engineers</span>, including those in government. The National Society of Professional <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> makes registration a requirement for the grade of member and full privileges in the society. Some Federal agencies require <span class="hlt">engineering</span> registration for certain positions in their agencies. <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> in government service should consider the value of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> registration to themselves and to their agencies and take pride in their professions and in their own capabilities by becoming registered <span class="hlt">engineers</span>. They should also take steps to encourage their agencies to give more attention to <span class="hlt">engineering</span> registration.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering&pg=5&id=EJ995024','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering&pg=5&id=EJ995024"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Sustainable <span class="hlt">Engineers</span> through the Undergraduate Experience</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Weatherton, Yvette Pearson; Sattler, Melanie; Mattingly, Stephen; Chen, Victoria; Rogers, Jamie; Dennis, Brian</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>In order to meet the challenges of sustainable development, our approach to education must be modified to equip students to evaluate alternatives and devise solutions that meet multi-faceted requirements. In 2009, faculty in the Departments of <span class="hlt">Civil</span>, Industrial and Mechanical <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> at the University of Texas at Arlington began implementation…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1046742','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1046742"><span id="translatedtitle">Shockwave <span class="hlt">Engine</span>: Wave Disk <span class="hlt">Engine</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-14</p> <p>Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: MSU is developing a new <span class="hlt">engine</span> for use in hybrid automobiles that could significantly reduce fuel waste and improve <span class="hlt">engine</span> efficiency. In a traditional internal combustion <span class="hlt">engine</span>, air and fuel are ignited, creating high-temperature and high-pressure gases which expand rapidly. This expansion of gases <span class="hlt">forces</span> the engine’s pistons to pump and powers the car. MSU’s <span class="hlt">engine</span> has no pistons. It uses the combustion of air and fuel to build up pressure within the <span class="hlt">engine</span>, generating a shockwave that blasts hot gas exhaust into the blades of the engine’s rotors causing them to turn, which generates electricity. MSU’s redesigned <span class="hlt">engine</span> would be the size of a cooking pot and contain fewer moving parts—reducing the weight of the <span class="hlt">engine</span> by 30%. It would also enable a vehicle that could use 60% of its fuel for propulsion.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/405973','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/405973"><span id="translatedtitle">United States Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> 611th Air Support Group/<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Squadron, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Risk assessment: Barter Island Radar Installation, Alaska. Final report, January 1995-January 1996</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Karmi, S.; Madden, J.; Borsetti, R.</p> <p>1996-01-08</p> <p>This document contains the baseline human health risk assessment and the ecological risk assessment (ERA) for the Barter Island Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line radar installation. Fourteen sites at the Barter Island radar installation underwent remedial investigations (RIs) during the summer of 1993. The analytical data reported in the RI/FS form the basis for the human health and ecological risk assessments. The primary chemicals of concern (COCs) at the 14 sites are diesel and gasoline from past spills and/or leaks.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/405970','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/405970"><span id="translatedtitle">United States Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> 611th Air Support Group/<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Squadron, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Remedial investigation and feasibility study: Oliktok Point Radar Installation, Alaska. Volume 1. (Includes appendices a - b)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p></p> <p>1996-04-15</p> <p>This report presents the findings of Remedial Investigations and Feasibility Studies at sites located at the Oliktok Point radar installation in northern Alaska. The sites were characterized based on sampling and analyses conducted during Remedial Investigation activities performed during August and September 1993.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/405976','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/405976"><span id="translatedtitle">From the utilization point of view, the two approaches seem to United States Air <span class="hlt">Force</span> 611th Air Support Group/<span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Squadron, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. Remedial investigation and feasibility study Point Barrow Radar Installation, Alaska. Final report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Karmi, S.</p> <p>1996-02-19</p> <p>This report presents the findings of Remedial Investigations and Feasibility Studies at sites located at the Point Barrow radar installation in northern Alaska. The sites were characterized based on sampling and analyses conducted during Remedial Investigation activities performed during August and September 1993.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20030068048','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20030068048"><span id="translatedtitle">Contingency Power Study for Short Haul <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Tiltrotor</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Eisenberg, Joseph D. (Technical Monitor); Wait, John</p> <p>2003-01-01</p> <p>AlliedSignal <span class="hlt">Engines</span> (AE) defined a number of concepts that significantly increased the horsepower of a turboshaft <span class="hlt">engine</span> to accommodate the loss of an <span class="hlt">engine</span> and enable the safe landing of a twin-<span class="hlt">engined</span>, 40-passenger, short haul <span class="hlt">civil</span> tiltrotor. From these concepts, "Water/Methanol Injection," a "Better Power Turbine Than Required," and a "Secondary Combustor For Interturbine Reheat" were chosen, based on system safety and economics, for more detailed examination. <span class="hlt">Engine</span> performance, mission, and cost analysis of these systems indicated contingency power levels of 26 to 70 percent greater than normal rated takeoff could be attained for short durations, thus enabling direct operating cost savings between 2 and 6 percent.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li class="active"><span>23</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_23 --> <div id="page_24" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li class="active"><span>24</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="461"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/225543','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/225543"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> solutions for the long-term stabilization and isolation of uranium mill tailings in the United States</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Lommler, J.C.; Cormier, C.; Sanders, D.R.</p> <p>1995-12-31</p> <p><span class="hlt">Engineering</span> solutions for the safe and environmentally protective disposal and isolation of uranium mill tailings in the United States include many factors. Among the factors discussed in this paper are cover design, materials selection, <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span>, erosive <span class="hlt">forces</span>, and cost effectiveness. Stabilization and isolation of tailings from humans and the environment are the primary goals of United States uranium mill tailings control standards. The performance of cover designs is addressed with respect to water infiltration, radon exhalation, geotechnical stability, erosion protection, human and animal intrusion prevention, and longevity. The need for and frequency of surveillance efforts to ensure continued disposal system performance are also assessed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15193090','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15193090"><span id="translatedtitle">Environmental education for all <span class="hlt">engineers</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Jahan, K; Everett, J W; Hesketh, R P; Jansson, P M; Hollar, K</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Environmental <span class="hlt">engineering</span> education at universities is a rapidly changing field globally. Traditionally it has resided in the <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> program addressing water and wastewater quality, treatment, design and regulatory issues. In recent years environmental <span class="hlt">engineering</span> has become a much broader field encompassing water, wastewater, soil pollution, air pollution, risk assessment, ecosystems, human health, toxicology, sustainable development, regulatory aspects and much more. The need to introduce environmental <span class="hlt">engineering</span>/green <span class="hlt">engineering</span>/pollution prevention/design for the environment concepts to undergraduate <span class="hlt">engineering</span> students has become recognized to be increasingly important. This need is being driven in part through the US <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Accreditation Commission Accreditation Board for <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> and Technology criteria 2000. Thus there has been a major shift in environmental <span class="hlt">engineering</span> education and it no longer resides only within the <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> discipline. This paper focuses on the development of innovative curricula for a brand new <span class="hlt">engineering</span> program at Rowan University that integrates environmental education for all <span class="hlt">engineers</span>. A common course known as "<span class="hlt">engineering</span> clinic" was developed for all <span class="hlt">engineering</span> students throughout their eight semesters of <span class="hlt">engineering</span> education. One of the clinic goals is to integrate <span class="hlt">engineering</span> design and the environment. The program, in its seventh year, indicates successful implementation of environmental education in all four <span class="hlt">engineering</span> disciplines in their course work and clinics.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=slavery+AND+United&pg=5&id=EJ944236','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=slavery+AND+United&pg=5&id=EJ944236"><span id="translatedtitle">Getting the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> War Right</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Loewen, James W.</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>William Faulkner famously wrote, "The past is never dead. It's not even past." He would not be surprised to learn that Americans, 150 years after the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> War began, are still getting it wrong. Did America's most divisive war start over slavery or states' rights? The author says that too many people--including educators--get it wrong. The author…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=United+AND+States+AND+Bill+AND+of+AND+Rights&pg=6&id=EJ383025','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=United+AND+States+AND+Bill+AND+of+AND+Rights&pg=6&id=EJ383025"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> Liberties under State Constitutions.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Tarr, G. Alan</p> <p>1988-01-01</p> <p>Discusses "new judicial federalism" as the rediscovery of state bills of rights for protecting <span class="hlt">civil</span> liberties. Analyzes the differences in protection under state and federal bills of rights. Recommends that the growing importance of state constitutions be included in the political science curriculum and suggests bibliographic sources to be used.…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1732814','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1732814"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Civil</span> law problems and morbidity</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Pleasence, P; Balmer, N; Buck, A; O'Grady, A; Genn, H</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Study objective: In the United Kingdom, recognition of the links between social and health problems has led to government initiatives such as health action zones. The principles of <span class="hlt">civil</span> law apply to many types of social problem, and the <span class="hlt">civil</span> justice system provides one means through which they can be tackled. However, little research has been undertaken into the particular links between problems to which <span class="hlt">civil</span> legal principles and processes can be applied and morbidity. This study examines these links, and the role of legal advice and services in preventing ill health. Design: This study examined survey respondents' self reports of longstanding illness/disability and experience of 18 problems to which legal principles can be applied. Setting: A random national survey conducted across England and Wales. Participants: 5611 adults drawn from 3348 residential households. Main results: Significant associations were found between illness/disability and 13 of the problem types. Moreover, experience of greater numbers of problems increased the likelihood of reported illness/disability. In attempting to resolve problems respondents' health also frequently suffered. Conclusions: This study highlights the contribution that public legal education and legal advice can make to the promotion of public health, and the importance of further integration of health and <span class="hlt">civil</span> justice initiatives through health action zones, community legal service partnerships, etc, to further this end. PMID:15194714</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=aspen&pg=6&id=EJ338238','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=aspen&pg=6&id=EJ338238"><span id="translatedtitle">The Black <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Movement.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Burson, George</p> <p>1986-01-01</p> <p>Presents part of the Aspen High School curriculum about the United States <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights movement. Focuses on why Blacks were segregated and disenfranchised prior to the movement, why the movement took place, what were the results of the movement, and what is the present condition of Blacks in American society. (JDH)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Civil+AND+War&pg=2&id=EJ930030','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Civil+AND+War&pg=2&id=EJ930030"><span id="translatedtitle">Primary Sources Enliven <span class="hlt">Civil</span> War</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Robelen, Erik W.</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Today, a growing number of teachers are moving beyond the textbook in teaching about the war, and U.S. history more broadly. Teachers are digging directly into primary sources and harnessing technology, all in an attempt to help students better understand the past and bring it to life. Doing so may be especially important with the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> War,…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED294787.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED294787.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Civil</span> War and Iowa.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Gore, Deborah, Ed.</p> <p>1987-01-01</p> <p>This journal issue explores Iowa's participation in the U.S. <span class="hlt">Civil</span> War and primarily focuses on what happened to the men, women, and children who remained at home. A number of social, political, and economic changes are examined, including: (1) the increased responsibilities of women and children; (2) the growth of abolitionism; (3) the role of…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Civil&pg=3&id=EJ871285','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Civil&pg=3&id=EJ871285"><span id="translatedtitle">Promoting <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Discourse on Campus</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Bornstein, Rita</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>During the past several decades, off campus and on, much of the discourse on controversial issues has been personal, vicious, and divisive. On the national scene, politics has become permeated with incivility. It now appears that Americans have been naive about their ability and willingness to engage in <span class="hlt">civil</span> discourse and compromise. How can…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Education+AND+francais&pg=4&id=ED126686','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Education+AND+francais&pg=4&id=ED126686"><span id="translatedtitle">1975 Textbooks for French <span class="hlt">Civilization</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Brown, Jack Davis</p> <p></p> <p>Four 1975 textbooks for French <span class="hlt">civilization</span> courses are cited including price, suggested level, format and a listing of contents. A review of one text follows: Rey and Santoni, "Quand les Francais parlent: Langue en contexte, culture en contraste," Newbury House Publishers. The reviewer states that this book is basically a sociological study of…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2006Natur.439..828O&link_type=ABSTRACT','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2006Natur.439..828O&link_type=ABSTRACT"><span id="translatedtitle">Scale invariance and universality of <span class="hlt">force</span> networks in static granular matter</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Ostojic, Srdjan; Somfai, Ellák; Nienhuis, Bernard</p> <p>2006-02-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Force</span> networks form the skeleton of static granular matter. They are the key factor that determines mechanical properties such as stability, elasticity and sound transmission, which are important for <span class="hlt">civil</span> <span class="hlt">engineering</span> and industrial processing. Previous studies have focused on investigations of the global structure of external <span class="hlt">forces</span> (the boundary condition) and on the probability distribution of individual contact <span class="hlt">forces</span>. So far, however, precise knowledge of the disordered spatial structure of the <span class="hlt">force</span> network has remained elusive. Here we report that molecular dynamics simulations of realistic granular packings reveal scale invariance of clusters of particles interacting by means of relatively strong <span class="hlt">forces</span>. Despite visual variation, <span class="hlt">force</span> networks for various values of the confining pressure and other parameters have identical scaling exponents and scaling function, thereby determining a universality class. Unexpectedly, the flat ensemble of <span class="hlt">force</span> configurations (a simple generalization of equilibrium statistical mechanics) belongs to this universality class, whereas some widely studied simplified models do not. This implies that the elasticity of the grains and their geometrical disorder do not affect the universal mechanical properties.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347166p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nj1263.photos.347166p/"><span id="translatedtitle">Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Photocopy of plan (in collection of U.S. Coast Guard <span class="hlt">Civil</span> <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Unit Providence, Warwick, RI) U.S. Coast Guard, shore maintenance detachment, New York, mooring facilities for 110 WPB's Station Sandy Hook, Middletown Township, New Jersey, <span class="hlt">civil</span> demolition of wharf & pier E December 22, 1988 detail of framing and decking wharf B - U.S. Coast Guard Sandy Hook Station, Western Docking Structure, West of intersection of Canfield Road & Hartshorne Drive, Highlands, Monmouth County, NJ</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AGUSM.U21C..01V','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AGUSM.U21C..01V"><span id="translatedtitle">Climate Change and <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Violence</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>van der Vink, G.; Plancherel, Y.; Hennet, C.; Jones, K. D.; Abdullah, A.; Bradshaw, J.; Dee, S.; Deprez, A.; Pasenello, M.; Plaza-Jennings, E.; Roseman, D.; Sopher, P.; Sung, E.</p> <p>2009-05-01</p> <p>The manifestations of climate change can result in humanitarian impacts that reverse progress in poverty- reduction, create shortages of food and resources, lead to migration, and ultimately result in <span class="hlt">civil</span> violence and conflict. Within the continent of Africa, we have found that environmentally-related variables are either the cause or the confounding factor for over 80% of the <span class="hlt">civil</span> violence events during the last 10 years. Using predictive climate models and land-use data, we are able to identify populations in Africa that are likely to experience the most severe climate-related shocks. Through geospatial analysis, we are able to overlay these areas of high risk with assessments of both the local population's resiliency and the region's capacity to respond to climate shocks should they occur. The net result of the analysis is the identification of locations that are becoming particularly vulnerable to future <span class="hlt">civil</span> violence events (vulnerability hotspots) as a result of the manifestations of climate change. For each population group, over 600 social, economic, political, and environmental indicators are integrated statistically to measures the vulnerability of African populations to environmental change. The indicator time-series are filtered for data availability and redundancy, broadly ordered into four categories (social, political, economic and environmental), standardized and normalized. Within each category, the dominant modes of variability are isolated by principal component analysis and the loadings of each component for each variable are used to devise composite index scores. Comparisons of past vulnerability with known environmentally-related conflicts demonstrates the role that such vulnerability hotspot maps can play in evaluating both the potential for, and the significance of, environmentally-related <span class="hlt">civil</span> violence events. Furthermore, the analysis reveals the major variables that are responsible for the population's vulnerability and therefore</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/303859','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/303859"><span id="translatedtitle">Pending crisis in Russian <span class="hlt">civil</span> military relations</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Ball, D.Y.</p> <p>1997-10-01</p> <p>A key issue in the study of <span class="hlt">civil</span>-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed <span class="hlt">force</span> created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the question is not how the civilian leadership can keep the military out of politics, but how the military can keep the leadership from politicizing the armed <span class="hlt">forces</span>. The Russian military has no interest in resolving Russia`s domestic political problems. It is a professional military that prefers to leave politics to the politicians, and to carry out its mission of defending the nation against external attack. But the lack of responsible central leadership and the poor state of the economy are driving the military toward involvement in domestic politics if for no other reason than to ensure its own survival.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering&pg=6&id=EJ738694','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=civil+AND+engineering&pg=6&id=EJ738694"><span id="translatedtitle">Sustainable Development in <span class="hlt">Engineering</span> Education</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Taoussanidis, Nikolaos N.; Antoniadou, Myrofora A.</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>The principles and practice of environmentally and socially sustainable <span class="hlt">engineering</span> are in line with growing community expectations and the strengthening voice of <span class="hlt">civil</span> society in <span class="hlt">engineering</span> interventions. Pressures towards internationalization and globalization are reflected in new course accreditation criteria and higher education structures.…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">39 CFR 235.2 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... programs: (1) National <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Preparedness and Defense Mobilization; (2) Natural Disaster Preparedness; (3... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. 235.2 Section 235.2 Postal... <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. (a) Mission. The prime objective of postal emergency preparedness planning is...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">39 CFR 235.2 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... programs: (1) National <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Preparedness and Defense Mobilization; (2) Natural Disaster Preparedness; (3... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. 235.2 Section 235.2 Postal... <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. (a) Mission. The prime objective of postal emergency preparedness planning is...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">39 CFR 235.2 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... programs: (1) National <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Preparedness and Defense Mobilization; (2) Natural Disaster Preparedness; (3... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. 235.2 Section 235.2 Postal... <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. (a) Mission. The prime objective of postal emergency preparedness planning is...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">39 CFR 235.2 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... programs: (1) National <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Preparedness and Defense Mobilization; (2) Natural Disaster Preparedness; (3... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. 235.2 Section 235.2 Postal... <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. (a) Mission. The prime objective of postal emergency preparedness planning is...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=history+AND+rocky+AND+mountains&pg=3&id=EJ090267','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=history+AND+rocky+AND+mountains&pg=3&id=EJ090267"><span id="translatedtitle">Interpreting Asian <span class="hlt">Civilization</span> to American Students</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Taylor, Romeyn</p> <p>1974-01-01</p> <p>The article, presenting the difficulties of teaching about any foreign <span class="hlt">civilization</span>, sketches an Asian <span class="hlt">civilization</span> course which attempts to mitigate those difficulties with a text book that uses models of historical processes applicable to different <span class="hlt">civilizations</span> and indicative of their common grounds. (JH)</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li class="active"><span>24</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_24 --> <div id="page_25" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li class="active"><span>25</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="481"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2011-title49-vol4-sec218-9.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2011-title49-vol4-sec218-9.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 218.9 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-10-01</p> <p>... 49 Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. 218.9 Section 218.9 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD OPERATING PRACTICES General § 218.9 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. Any person (an entity of any type... requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2014-title49-vol4-sec218-9.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2014-title49-vol4-sec218-9.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 218.9 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>... 49 Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. 218.9 Section 218.9 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD OPERATING PRACTICES General § 218.9 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. Any person (an entity of any type... requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2013-title49-vol4-sec218-9.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2013-title49-vol4-sec218-9.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 218.9 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>... 49 Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. 218.9 Section 218.9 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD OPERATING PRACTICES General § 218.9 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. Any person (an entity of any type... requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2012-title49-vol4-sec218-9.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2012-title49-vol4-sec218-9.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 218.9 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-10-01</p> <p>... 49 Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. 218.9 Section 218.9 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD OPERATING PRACTICES General § 218.9 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. Any person (an entity of any type... requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title10-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title10-vol4-sec824-4.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title10-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title10-vol4-sec824-4.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">10 CFR 824.4 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty under this part: (1) 10 CFR part 1016—Safeguarding of Restricted Data; (2) 10 CFR... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 824.4 Section 824.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF <span class="hlt">CIVIL</span> PENALTIES FOR CLASSIFIED INFORMATION...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title12-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title12-vol2-sec215-11.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title12-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title12-vol2-sec215-11.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">12 CFR 215.11 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 215.11 Section 215.11 Banks... OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, AND PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS OF MEMBER BANKS (REGULATION O) § 215.11 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties... subject to <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties as specified in section 29 of the Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. 504)....</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title50-vol7/pdf/CFR-2010-title50-vol7-sec300-40.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title50-vol7/pdf/CFR-2010-title50-vol7-sec300-40.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">50 CFR 300.40 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>... South Pacific Tuna Fisheries § 300.40 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. The procedures of 15 CFR part 904 apply to the assessment of <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalties, except as modified by the requirements of section 8 of the Act. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 300.40 Section...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-01-04/pdf/2012-31712.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-01-04/pdf/2012-31712.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 672 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Monetary Penalties</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-04</p> <p>...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Rural Housing Service 7 CFR Part 3560 RIN 0575AC93 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Monetary Penalties AGENCY...) proposes to implement two <span class="hlt">civil</span> monetary penalty provisions. First, RHS proposes to amend its regulations to create a new section, for imposing <span class="hlt">civil</span> monetary penalties under the authority of 42 U.S.C....</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec881-12.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol3-sec881-12.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">30 CFR 881.12 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of 1964” (43 CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such forms as may... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. State...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol4-sec643-114.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol4-sec643-114.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 643.114 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> disturbances.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true <span class="hlt">Civil</span> disturbances. 643.114 Section 643.114... ESTATE Additional Authority of Commanders § 643.114 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> disturbances. Without reference to higher... facilities during <span class="hlt">civil</span> disturbance for not more than 30 days to the National Guard and to municipal,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title49-vol4-sec228-21.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title49-vol4-sec228-21.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 228.21 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. 228.21 Section 228.21..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HOURS OF SERVICE OF RAILROAD EMPLOYEES Records and Reporting § 228.21 <span class="hlt">Civil</span>... requirement is subject to a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty of at least $650 and not more than $25,000 per violation,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title50-vol7/pdf/CFR-2010-title50-vol7-sec401-22.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title50-vol7/pdf/CFR-2010-title50-vol7-sec401-22.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">50 CFR 401.22 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title49-vol4-sec233-11.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title49-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title49-vol4-sec233-11.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 233.11 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 233.11 Section 233.11..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SIGNAL SYSTEMS REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 233.11 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Any person (an... subject to a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty of at least $650 and not more than $25,000 per violation, except...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol5/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol5-sec1212-800.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol5/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol5-sec1212-800.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">14 CFR 1212.800 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> remedies.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> remedies. 1212.800 Section 1212.800... Comply With Requirements of This Part § 1212.800 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> remedies. Failure to comply with the requirements of the Privacy Act and this part could subject NASA to <span class="hlt">civil</span> suit under the provisions of 5...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title24-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title24-vol1-sec4-28.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title24-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title24-vol1-sec4-28.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">24 CFR 4.28 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... <span class="hlt">civil</span> money penalty on the employee in accordance with the provisions of 24 CFR part 30. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 4.28 Section 4.28... REFORM ACT Prohibition of Advance Disclosure of Funding Decisions § 4.28 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. Whenever...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol2-sec310-46.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title32-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title32-vol2-sec310-46.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">32 CFR 310.46 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> actions.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> actions. 310.46 Section 310.46 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Privacy Act Violations § 310.46 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> actions. An individual may file a <span class="hlt">civil</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title33-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title33-vol3-sec401-102.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title33-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title33-vol3-sec401-102.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">33 CFR 401.102 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. 401.102 Section... TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Penalties-Violations of Seaway Regulations § 401.102 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalty. (a) A person, as described in § 401.101(b), who violates a regulation is liable to a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title7-vol7/pdf/CFR-2010-title7-vol7-sec761-3.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title7-vol7/pdf/CFR-2010-title7-vol7-sec761-3.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">7 CFR 761.3 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to <span class="hlt">civil</span> rights and filing of discrimination...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title7-vol10/pdf/CFR-2010-title7-vol10-sec1435-201.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title7-vol10/pdf/CFR-2010-title7-vol10-sec1435-201.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">7 CFR 1435.201 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. 1435.201 Section 1435.201... Recordkeeping Requirements § 1435.201 <span class="hlt">Civil</span> penalties. (a) Any processor, refiner, or importer of sugar, syrup... false data required under § 1435.200(a) through (e), is subject to a <span class="hlt">civil</span> penalty of no more than...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title39-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title39-vol1-sec235-2.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">39 CFR 235.2 - <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. 235.2 Section 235.2 Postal... <span class="hlt">Civil</span> preparedness. (a) Mission. The prime objective of postal emergency preparedness planning is to... programs: (1) National <span class="hlt">Civil</span> Preparedness and Defense Mobilization; (2) Natural Disaster Preparedness;...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li class="active"><span>25</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_25 --> <center> <div class="footer-extlink text-muted"><small>Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. 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