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Sample records for fukano jean bataille

  1. [Family, professional, "meusian" and Parisian relationships between the pharmacists J. Bataille, J.-N. Trusson, N. D. Moutillard and T. Huraut].

    PubMed

    Owsiany-Alison, Julie; Maillard, René; Labrude, Pierre

    2010-07-01

    Jean-Nicolas Trusson is well known in the history of Parisian pharmacy. Born in 1744 in Euville, in the vicinity of Commercy, in Lorraine, he was in near relations by his mother with Joseph Bataille, also well known and whose half-length portrait is exhibited in the "Salle des Actes" of the Faculty of Pharmacy in Paris. It seems that the extraction of Bataille is unknown. Our work indicates that he was born in october 1816 in Pagny-sur-Meuse, some kilometres from Euville towards Toul. Trusson was the successor of Bataille and he remained in his pharmacy until 1809 where his own successor was Nicolas Denis Moutillard. Moutillard's father was Joseph Moutillard, an apothecary of Commercy, whose mother was Jeanne Trusson, who was the first cousin of Jean-Nicolas Trusson's father. Then, Théodore Huraut, Moutillard's successor in Paris, was also born in Commercy, in year 1813. He studied pharmacy in Bar-le-Duc, then in Paris with Moutillard and at the school of pharmacy. Taking his place between 1840 and 1844, he became a member of the "Société d'émulation pour les sciences pharmaceutiques" and of the "Société de pharmacie de Paris". Beeing the author of more than twenty papers devoted to practical community pharmacy, Huraut died in Paris in 1855.

  2. Remembering Jean Karl.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ammon, Richard

    2002-01-01

    Presents the author's reflections and experiences with author and founding editor of Atheneum Books, Jean Karl. Discusses some of her experiences with editors. Emphasizes the great influence Jean Karl had on the author's life and work. (SG)

  3. See-Saw Jeans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Charlotte D.

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the following case: Pete Wilmington, Vice President of Sales for See-Saw Jeans for Kids, has wrapped up a deal with Wal-Mart to carry See-Saw Jeans for Kids in all Wal-Mart stores on a trial basis for the next year. See-Saw Jeans for Kids is a clothing manufacturer with sales of $41 million, but the Wal-Mart account has the…

  4. See-Saw Jeans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Charlotte D.

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the following case: Pete Wilmington, Vice President of Sales for See-Saw Jeans for Kids, has wrapped up a deal with Wal-Mart to carry See-Saw Jeans for Kids in all Wal-Mart stores on a trial basis for the next year. See-Saw Jeans for Kids is a clothing manufacturer with sales of $41 million, but the Wal-Mart account has the…

  5. Sir James Jeans

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milne, E. A.

    2013-09-01

    Memoir by S. C. Roberts; 1. Merchant Taylor's and Cambridge; 2. Princeton, 1905-9; 3. Return to England. The Adams Prize essay, 1909-19; 4. Secretary of the Royal Society, 1919-29; 5. Popular exposition, 1929-30; 6. Later years, 1931-46; 7. Science in Jeans's boyhood; 8. The partition of energy; 9. Rotating fluid masses; 10. Star clusters; 11. The equilibrium of the stars; 12. Jeans and philosophy; Bibliography; Index.

  6. Coalition Battle Management Language (C-BML) (Language de gestion du champ de bataille (C-BML)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    MSG-048 Coalition Battle Management Language (C-BML) (Langage de gestion du champ de bataille (C-BML)) NMSG-048 Final Report. This document...BML) (Langage de gestion du champ de bataille (C-BML)) NMSG-048 Final Report. This document contains information authorized by NATO RTA for... bataille (C-BML) (RTO-TR-MSG-048) Synthèse Le groupe modélisation et simulation de l’OTAN 048 (MSG-048) a été chargé de conduire une activité

  7. Jean-Marie Straub.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roud, Richard

    This book covers the life and aesthetic qualities of the work of the European film-maker Jean-Marie Straub (1933- ). It contains introductory chapters on the biography and artistic milieu of Straub and continues with a chapter-by-chapter critical treatment of each of his films: "Machorka-Muff"; "Not Reconciled"; "Chronicle…

  8. Jean-Marie Straub.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roud, Richard

    This book covers the life and aesthetic qualities of the work of the European film-maker Jean-Marie Straub (1933- ). It contains introductory chapters on the biography and artistic milieu of Straub and continues with a chapter-by-chapter critical treatment of each of his films: "Machorka-Muff"; "Not Reconciled"; "Chronicle…

  9. Jean Brossel 1918 2003

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cagnac, Bernard

    2005-01-01

    The contributions of Jean Brossel to atomic physics, in particular to radiofrequency spectroscopy coupled with optical transitions, are presented. His part in the origins of the method, and in its ramifications over a half century in the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, are described. A list of publications and the curriculum vitae of Brossel are appended.

  10. Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sterken, C.

    2003-03-01

    This paper gives a short account of some key elements in the life of Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830), specifically his relation to Napoleon Bonaparte. The mathematical approach to Fourier series and the original scepticism by French mathematicians are briefly illustrated.

  11. 2010 Coalition Battle Management Language Workshop (Atelier 2010 sur le langage de gestion du champ de bataille pour les operations en coalition)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    Feb 2010 2010 Coalition Battle Management Language Workshop (Atelier 2010 sur le langage de gestion du champ de bataille pour les opérations en... bataille pour les opérations en coalition) Papers presented at the NATO Modeling and Simulation Group (NMSG) Workshop held in Farnborough, United Kingdom...RTO-MP-MSG-079 ES - 3 Atelier 2010 sur le langage de gestion du champ de bataille pour les opérations en coalition (RTO-MP-MSG-079

  12. Jean Comandon Neuroscientist.

    PubMed

    Lorusso, Lorenzo; Lefebvre, Thierry; de Pastre, Béatrice

    2016-01-01

    The microbiologist Jean Comandon is famous for his studies on the movement of the syphilis bacteria as differentiated in various forms by ultramicroscope. He was also a pioneer on the technical application of the microcinematography in laboratory research. His collaboration with clinicians and surgeons in the study of various pathological disorders is little known. From 1918 to the 1920s, he collaborated with such neurologists as André Thomas, Jean Athanase Sicard, and others in the study of various neurological disorders by using cinematography as a scientific tool for understanding the clinical and pathological mechanisms of diseases. These collaborations allowed him to be involved in the beginnings of the French cinematography industry, especially with Charles Pathé who established a small film studio laboratory in Vincennes where a multidisciplinary group improved the application of cinematography in clinical medical practice.

  13. Post-Newtonian Jeans Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nazari, Elham; Kazemi, Ali; Roshan, Mahmood; Abbassi, Shahram

    2017-04-01

    The Jeans analysis is studied in the first post-Newtonian limit. In other words, the relativistic effects on local gravitational instability are considered for systems whose characteristic velocities and corresponding gravitational fields are higher than those permitted in the Newtonian limit. The dispersion relation for the propagation of small perturbations is found in the post-Newtonian approximation using two different techniques. A new Jeans mass is derived and compared to the standard Jeans mass. In this limit, the relativistic effects make the new Jeans mass smaller than the Newtonian Jeans mass. Furthermore, the fractional difference between these two masses increases when the temperature/pressure of the system increases. Interestingly, in this limit, pressure can enhance gravitational instability instead of preventing it. Finally, the results are applied to high-temperature astrophysical systems, and the possibility of local fragmentation in some relativistic systems is investigated.

  14. Miners, masculinity and the "Bataille du Charbon" in France, 1944-1948.

    PubMed

    Diamond, Hanna

    2011-01-01

    In 1944, the French provisional government, backed by the Parti communiste français and the Confédération générale du travail, undertook an aggressive propaganda campaign to persuade miners to embark upon a 'battle for coal' which raised their efforts in extracting coal to that of a national endeavour. At the same time, miners had great hopes that nationalisation of the coal industry, under discussion at this time, would bring significant improvement to their working lives. In identifying the ways in which publicists posited miners as an ideal of working-class manhood, this article will argue that "la bataille du charbon" marks a crucial moment in the celebration of working-class masculinity and that the "statut des mineurs" which was passed in 1946 as a part of nationalisation enshrined many of the existing gender assumptions about mining life. What does an incorporation of gender to an analysis of the treatment of miners in the years 1944-1948 add to our understandings of the various economic, political and social dynamics around "la bataille du charbon"? How do these insights inform our perceptions of French coalfield societies in the mid-twentieth century?

  15. Usability of Information in Battle Management Operations (1’Exploitation de l’information dans les operations de gestion du champ de bataille)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    de gestion du champ de bataille) Papers presented at the RTO Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) Symposium held in Oslo, Norway, 10-13 April 2000...Information in Battle Management Operations (l’Exploitation de l’information dans les opérations de gestion du champ de bataille) Papers presented at the RTO...is easily used by battlespace managers and warfighters. iii l’Exploitation de l’information dans les opérations de gestion du champ de bataille (RTO

  16. Anxiety and surplus in nursing practice: lessons from Lacan and Bataille.

    PubMed

    Evans, Alicia M; Glass, Nel; Traynor, Michael

    2014-07-01

    It is well established, following Menzies' work, that nursing practice produces considerable anxiety. Like Menzies, we bring a psychoanalytic perspective to a theorization of anxiety in nursing and do so in order to consider nursing practice in the light of psychoanalytic theory, although from a Lacanian perspective. We also draw on Bataille's notion of 'surplus'. These concepts provide the theoretical framework for a study investigating how some clinical nurses are able to remain in clinical practice rather than leave the profession or seek work at a distance from the bedside. We conducted focus groups and present here an analysis of two fragments of nurses' speech. We found the nurses responded from one of two positions. In the first position, the nurses focus on doctors, complain about the surplus afforded them, and call for it to be eliminated. In this way, the nursing group is similar to other groups, considered by Bataille, who also attempt to get rid of a surplus. However, in the second position, the nurses stay with the surplus, tolerating it as they nurse the patient. This latter position is one where the nurse practises with a focus on the patient rather than being distracted by their dispute over the doctor's privilege. The importance of this paper is in its illustration of two distinct positions from which the nurse can practise: one that is not optimal because the nurse is distracted and the other that is more focused on practice, and thus the nurse is in a position to provide the best care possible to patients. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. A Pedagogical Look at Jeans' Density Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chu, Kwang-Hua W.

    2007-01-01

    We illustrate the derivations of Jeans' criteria for the gravitational instabilities in a static homogeneous Newtonian system for pedagogical objectives. The critical Jeans density surface is presented in terms of dimensionless sound speeds and (characteristic) length scales. (Contains 1 figure.)

  18. A Pedagogical Look at Jeans' Density Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chu, Kwang-Hua W.

    2007-01-01

    We illustrate the derivations of Jeans' criteria for the gravitational instabilities in a static homogeneous Newtonian system for pedagogical objectives. The critical Jeans density surface is presented in terms of dimensionless sound speeds and (characteristic) length scales. (Contains 1 figure.)

  19. Kinetic theory of Jeans instability.

    PubMed

    Trigger, S A; Ershkovich, A I; van Heijst, G J F; Schram, P P J M

    2004-06-01

    Kinetic treatment of the Jeans gravitational instability, with collisions taken into account, is presented. The initial-value problem for the distribution function which obeys the kinetic equation, with the collision integral conserving the number of particles, is solved. Dispersion relation is obtained and analyzed. New modes are found. Collisions are shown not to affect the Jeans instability criterion. Although the instability growth rate diminishes, the collisions they cannot quench the instability. However, the oscillation spectrum is modified significantly: even in the neighborhood of the threshold frequency omega=0 (separating stable and unstable modes) the spectrum of oscillations can strongly depend on the collision frequency. Propagating (rather than aperiodic) modes are also found. These modes, however, are strongly damped.

  20. Jeans instability in a quantum dusty magnetoplasma

    SciTech Connect

    Salimullah, M.; Jamil, M.; Shah, H. A.; Murtaza, G.

    2009-01-15

    Jeans instability in a homogeneous cold quantum dusty plasma in the presence of the ambient magnetic field and the quantum effect arising through the Bohm potential has been examined using the quantum magnetohydrodynamic model. It is found that the Jeans instability is significantly reduced by the presence of the dust-lower-hybrid wave and the ion quantum effect. The minimum wavenumber for Jeans stability depends clearly on ion quantum effect and the dust-lower-hybrid frequency also.

  1. Honoring Jean-David Rochaix.

    PubMed

    Govindjee; Redding, Kevin

    2017-02-01

    We honor Jean-David Rochaix, an outstanding scholar of chloroplast biogenesis and photosynthesis, who received the prestigious Lifetime Achievement Award of the International Society of Photosynthesis Research at its 17th International Photosynthesis Congress held in Maastricht, The Netherlands (August 5-12, 2016). With this award he joins other major discoverers in the field of photosynthesis: Pierre Joliot (of France, 2013); Ulrich W. Heber* (of Germany, 2010) and Kenneth Sauer (of USA, 2010); Jan M. Anderson* (of Australia, 2007); and Horst T. Witt* (of Germany, 2004). See "Appendix 1" for the list of those who have received the ISPR Communication, Innovation, Calvin-Benson, and Hill awards.

  2. Jean Francheteau (1943-2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sclater, John; Le Pichon, Xavier

    2010-12-01

    Jean Francheteau, pioneering marine geologist and geophysicist, AGU Fellow, and emeritus professor at the University of Brest (Université de Bretagne Occidentale), died on 21 July in St-Renan, Brittany, France, at the age of 67 after a long illness. With his passing, the field of Earth sciences lost a major contributor to the development of a definitive theory of plate tectonics and one of the first to make visual geological observations on the deep seafloor. Such scientific accomplishments, coupled with his personal charm and the ability to collaborate with researchers from many institutions, ensured that he had a huge influence not only on the world of research but also on teaching and the application of ethics to science. Jean arrived at Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, Calif., in 1966 after obtaining a diploma in mining engineering at the prestigious Éole Nationale Supérieure de la Métallurgie et de l'Industrie des Mines in Nancy, France. He chose Victor Vacquier as his thesis supervisor and began working in Vic's lab with John Sclater, ostensibly on heat flow measurements.

  3. Jeans stability in collisional quantum dusty magnetoplasmas

    SciTech Connect

    Jamil, M.; Asif, M.; Mir, Zahid; Salimullah, M.

    2014-09-15

    Jeans instability is examined in detail in uniform dusty magnetoplasmas taking care of collisional and non-zero finite thermal effects in addition to the quantum characteristics arising through the Bohm potential and the Fermi degenerate pressure using the quantum hydrodynamic model of plasmas. It is found that the presence of the dust-lower-hybrid wave, collisional effects of plasma species, thermal effects of electrons, and the quantum mechanical effects of electrons have significance over the Jeans instability. Here, we have pointed out a new class of dissipative instability in quantum plasma regime.

  4. Jean Piaget's Debt to John Dewey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanner, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Jean Piaget became a veritable institution unto himself in education and psychology, largely as the result of his developmental-stage theory advanced over the second quarter of the twentieth century. Not until Piaget was 73 did he make mention of John Dewey's work at Dewey's laboratory school, founded in 1894 at the University of Chicago. But here…

  5. The Method of Jean Louis Nicolet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gattegno, Caleb

    2007-01-01

    Jean Louis Nicolet is a Swiss teacher of mathematics who found his subject so fascinating that he was puzzled as to why so many pupils could not share this enjoyment in their studies. He came to a conclusion which is now supported by the results of psychological research into the learning process: he suggested that the mind does not spontaneously…

  6. Jean Piaget's Debt to John Dewey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanner, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Jean Piaget became a veritable institution unto himself in education and psychology, largely as the result of his developmental-stage theory advanced over the second quarter of the twentieth century. Not until Piaget was 73 did he make mention of John Dewey's work at Dewey's laboratory school, founded in 1894 at the University of Chicago. But here…

  7. Avoiding the Negative: Blue Jeans Baseball

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maggard, Bob

    1978-01-01

    Blue Jeans Baseball, for eight- to twelve-year old children, is based on the concept that everyone plays. No coaches are allowed; everyone bats once per inning; defensive players rotate positions. These and other rules reduce the emphasis on competition and increase the emphasis on skill development. (MJB)

  8. [Jean Fernel and the humanist spirit].

    PubMed

    Cordier, Jean-François

    2011-06-01

    Jean Fernel (1497-1558) embodied the humanist spirit of the Renaissance. He studied philosophy (especially Aristotle), astrology, arithmetic, mathematics and Latin literature before devoting his life to medicine. He conducted a comprehensive synthesis of the medical system of Galen, and invented the terms "physiology" and "pathology". His taste for teaching, his extensive clinical practice, his benevolent attitude to the sick, and his consideration for individuals and for human nature all contribute to Jean Fernel's image as a humanist. He was the most famous physician of his time, although his work relying on philosophy and galenic dogmatism eventually became obsolete. Forgotten for half a millennium, this distant precursor of holistic medicine is worthy of renewed interest.

  9. [Jean-Charles Sournia and Berry].

    PubMed

    Lellouch, Alain; Soldati, Patrick; Albou, Philippe

    2006-01-01

    A previous Eloge has been pronounced on June 30, 2001 during the work session of the French and the International Societies of History of Medicine. It was devoted to the various aspects of the medical, historical and public career of Prof Jean-Charles Sournia (November 24, 1917-June 8, 2000). The present session of the French Society of History of Medicine hold in Bourges, on June, 18, 2005 is an accomplishment of the wish of this child of Bourges, the capital of Berry. In this intoductive paper, from family testimonies and photographies, details are given about the childhood of Jean-Charles Sournia in Berry, his scholarship and his family. Sournia was deeply attached to the family house, to the city where he was born and to its hospital, called hôtel-Dieu.

  10. Venus 1882 and Jean-Charles Houzeau

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sterken, C.

    2009-06-01

    This paper focuses on one particular type of telescope - the heliometer - designed for solving one specific basic problem in astronomy: the scale factor of the solar system. One very special instrument of this type was the ``heliometer with unequal focal lengths'' designed by the Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau for the 1882 transit of Venus. We also draw attention to the most interesting personality of Houzeau, and to his social engagement that went much beyond his work as a scientist.

  11. Periumbilical allergic contact dermatitis: blue jeans or belt buckles?

    PubMed

    Byer, Tara T; Morrell, Dean S

    2004-01-01

    Nickel is the most ubiquitous contact allergen among children and adolescents. Metal blue jeans buttons and belts have been noted to cause nickel dermatitis around the umbilicus. For these children, traditional teaching is strict avoidance of all pants with metal snaps/buttons, particularly blue jeans. In this study we tested 90 pairs of blue jeans and 47 belts for nickel using the dimethylglyoxime spot test. Only 10% of blue jeans tested positive, while 53% of belts tested positive. Furthermore, 10 pairs of nickel-negative blue jeans remained negative after 10 washings. Overall we found no resistance to testing in clothing stores. From these results, we recommend that patients with allergic contact dermatitis secondary to nickel need not strictly avoid blue jeans and metal belt buckles. Rather, families should be encouraged to use the dimethylglyoxime spot test to test these items for nickel prior to purchase.

  12. Low energy ghosts and the Jeans' instability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gümrükçüoǧlu, A. Emir; Mukohyama, Shinji; Sotiriou, Thomas P.

    2016-09-01

    We show that a massless canonical scalar field minimally coupled to general relativity can become a tachyonic ghost at low energies around a background in which the scalar's gradient is spacelike. By performing a canonical transformation we demonstrate that this low energy ghost can be recast, at the level of the action, in a form of a fluid that undergoes a Jeans-like instability affecting only modes with large wavelength. This illustrates that low energy tachyonic ghosts do not lead to a catastrophic quantum vacuum instability, unlike the usual high-energy ghost degrees of freedom.

  13. Jean-Marie Mariotti Center for Interferometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chelli, Alain; Duvert, Gilles; Bonneau, Daniel; Perrin, Guy S.; Thiebaut, Eric M.; Mourard, Denis; Petrov, Romain G.; Cruzalebes, Pierre; Lopez, Bruno; Malbet, Fabien; Daigne, Gerard; Ollivier, Marc

    2003-02-01

    The Jean-Marie Mariotti Center is a network of 11 French Institutes, Laboratories or Observatories, appointed by CNRS in 2000. It coordinates the efforts of the member institutes to offer all the potential users of interferometric facilities the best operational environment, providing software, academic formation and stimulating the prospective on new interferometric developments. At present, besides academic formation, the major effort is focused on the development of the software to prepare the observations, to reduce the data and to interpret the results in terms of models or reconstructed images. In this contribution, we describe the achievements and the future plans of the Mariotti Center.

  14. [Jean Alfred Fournier: to 180th anniversary].

    PubMed

    Betekhin, M S

    2012-01-01

    Jean Alfred Fournier was professor in dermatology in Université de Paris and the director of the world-wide known venereology hospital of Saint Louisio. He is the author of many publications about clinical and social aspects of syphilidology. Fournier introduced the concept of "parasyphilis" (tabes dorsalis and general paralysis) and he was the first one who specified the relationship between these diseases and syphilis. He pointed out the significance of congenital syphilisio. In 1901 Fournier founded the French Society of sanitary and moral prevention. His ideas concerning syphilis control were implemented on the territories of many European countries.

  15. Proceedings from the DRG Seminar on Robotics in the Battlefield (31st) Held on 6-8 March 1991 in Paris, France. Volume A (Actes du 31ieme Seminaire sur la Robotique du Champ de Bataille, Groupe sur la Recherche pour la Defense).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    3 1ime Seminaire sur la robotique du champ de Bataille Groupe sur la Recherche pour la Defense S92-25111 92 9 14 00O ;-" SANS CLASSIFICATION...Avanc~es (ENSTA), du 6 au 8 Mars 1991, sur le theme de la Robotique du Champ de Bataille . En juillet 1985, s𔄀tait tenu, dans les mimes lietix, tin...s dens le domaine de la Robotique dui Champ de Bataille et de mesurer les progr~s accomplis pendant cette p~riode. Le S~minaire a regroup6 prds de 230

  16. A Family Account of Autism: Life with Jean-Paul.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnelly, Julie A.; Bovee, Jean-Paul; Donnelly, Sylvia Jane; Donnelly, Lisa Kathleen; Donnelly, Joad Roy; Donnelly, Michael Fain; Walter, Alice Stephens; Callaghan, Molly Ray

    2000-01-01

    This article recounts the experiences of a family with a son with autism. Jean-Paul's two sisters, his brother, cousin, grandmother, father, and mother contribute their perspectives. Jean-Paul also speaks for himself. This account traces his life from his early childhood to independent adulthood. (Author/CR)

  17. Jeans-Alfvén instability in quantum dusty magnetoplasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jamil, M.; Rasheed, A.; Amir, M.; Abbas, G.; Jung, Young-Dae

    2017-02-01

    The Jeans instability is examined in quantum dusty magnetoplasmas due to low-frequency magnetosonic perturbations. The fluid model consisting of the momentum balance equation for quantum plasmas, Poisson's equation for the gravitational potential and Maxwell's equations for electromagnetic magnetosonic perturbations is solved. The numerical analysis elaborates the significant contribution of magnetic field, electron number density and variable dust mass to the Jeans instability.

  18. The Jean Gutierrez spider mite collection

    PubMed Central

    Migeon, Alain

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The family Tetranychidae (spider mites) currently comprises 1,275 species and represents one of the most important agricultural pest families among the Acari with approximately one hundred pest species, ten of which considered major pests. The dataset presented in this document includes all the identified spider mites composing the Jean Gutierrez Collection hosted at the CBGP (Montferrier-sur-Lez, France), gathered from 1963 to 1999 during his career at the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD). It consists of 5,262 specimens corresponding to 1,564 occurrences (combination species/host plant/date/location) of 175 species. Most specimens were collected in Madagascar and other islands of the Western Indian Ocean, New Caledonia and other islands of the South Pacific and Papuasia. The dataset constitutes today the most important one available on Tetranychidae worldwide. PMID:25878529

  19. 'STARLESS' SUPER-JEANS CORES IN FOUR GOULD BELT CLOUDS

    SciTech Connect

    Sadavoy, Sarah I.; Di Francesco, James; Johnstone, Doug

    2010-07-20

    From a survey of 729 cores based on JCMT/SCUBA data, we present an analysis of 17 candidate starless cores with masses that exceed their stable Jeans masses. We re-examine the classification of these super-Jeans cores using Spitzer maps and find that 3 are re-classified as protostellar, 11 have ambiguous emission near the core positions, and 3 appear to be genuinely starless. We suggest that the 3 starless and 11 undetermined super-Jeans cores represent excellent targets for future observational and computational study to understand the evolution of dense cores and the process of star formation.

  20. Jean Piaget et sa Recherche: Search and Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Elspeth M.

    1981-01-01

    The early influences on and development of Jean Piaget's thinking from which crystallized the ideas forming the foundation of his subsequent work are discussed. The influences noted are personal, intellectual, and professional. (MSE)

  1. Jean Piaget et sa Recherche: Search and Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Elspeth M.

    1981-01-01

    The early influences on and development of Jean Piaget's thinking from which crystallized the ideas forming the foundation of his subsequent work are discussed. The influences noted are personal, intellectual, and professional. (MSE)

  2. Jean-Baptiste Charcot, the French Antarctic expedition and scurvy.

    PubMed

    Teive, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni; Germiniani, Francisco Manoel Branco; Munhoz, Renato Puppi

    2014-07-01

    During the second expedition to the South Pole, Commander Jean-Baptiste Charcot and some members of the crew of "Pourquoi Pas?" developed symptoms suggestive of scurvy. The clinical picture was totally reversed after dietary changes.

  3. 86. INTERIOR, SECOND FLOOR, CLARA AND JEAN'S BEDROOM, DETAIL VIEW ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    86. INTERIOR, SECOND FLOOR, CLARA AND JEAN'S BEDROOM, DETAIL VIEW OF FIREPLACE, MANTLE AND DOOR - Mark Twain House, 351 Farmington Avenue (corrected from original address of 531 Farmington Avenue), Hartford, Hartford County, CT

  4. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National...; and (ii) Will not be detrimental to other park wildlife or the reproductive potential of the...

  5. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National...; and (ii) Will not be detrimental to other park wildlife or the reproductive potential of the...

  6. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National...; and (ii) Will not be detrimental to other park wildlife or the reproductive potential of the...

  7. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National...; and (ii) Will not be detrimental to other park wildlife or the reproductive potential of the...

  8. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National...; and (ii) Will not be detrimental to other park wildlife or the reproductive potential of the...

  9. Jeans instability criterion from the viewpoint of Kaniadakis' statistics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abreu, Everton M. C.; Ananias Neto, Jorge; Barboza, Edesio M., Jr.; Nunes, Rafael C.

    2016-06-01

    In this letter we have derived the Jeans length in the context of the Kaniadakis statistics. We have compared this result with the Jeans length already obtained in the nonextensive Tsallis statistics (Jiulin D., Phys. Lett. A, 320 (2004) 347) and we discussed the main differences between these two models. We have also obtained the κ-sound velocity. Finally, we have applied the results obtained here to analyze an astrophysical system.

  10. Jean-Louis Vignes: California's forgotten winemaker.

    PubMed

    Macconnell, Scott

    2011-01-01

    This article represents a first step in the process of restoring the legacy of pioneer California winemaker Jean-Louis Vignes (1780–1862). Vignes was a native of France who established and operated a commercial winery (El Aliso) in Los Angeles for 22 years (1833–1855). The article includes the first known photograph of Vignes discovered by the author. While prominent twentieth-century American wine historians have acknowledged Vignes, the author emphasizes a key distinction made by French historian Leonce Jore. Vignes left France to go to the Sandwich Islands as part of a commercial enterprise that traveled with Catholic missionaries (Picpus Fathers). Only after five years of frustration did Vignes move to Los Angeles and establish a winery. The author uses the remembrances of well-known nineteenth-century commentator William Heath Davis [Seventy-Five Years in California (San Francisco, 1929)] to give some personal insights into Vignes as a winemaker. Davis visited him at El Aliso three times as a young man and lived long enough (1909) to validate Vignes’s vision for the potential of winemaking in California. The article also includes the first known full citation for Vignes’s gravesite at Evergreen Cemetery in Los Angeles.

  11. From blue jeans to blue genes.

    PubMed

    Boon, Laurence M; Vikkula, Miikka

    2009-03-01

    Cutaneous venous anomalies are common. They are blue and vary in size, number, and location and account for most consultations at specialized interdisciplinary clinics for vascular anomalies. Venous lesions are clinically important because they cause pain, dysfunction, destruction of adjacent tissues, and esthetic concern. Only resection and sclerotherapy are helpful, although not always curative. Understanding etiopathogenesis could help design animal models and develop novel therapeutic approaches. John B. Mulliken, MD, envisioned a project to uncover the genetic basis of an inherited form of venous malformation in a large New England family. Recruitment of 2 young fellows resulted in a collaborative project that unraveled the searched-for gene and its mutation. This was an opening for a new era in vascular anomalies. Two blue genes' mutations were discovered, which account for most, if not all, of the inherited forms of venous anomalies, but other genes as well, for rheologically diverse lesions. Differential diagnosis and management has improved, and animal models are being made. This was achieved through the help of Dr Mulliken, who inspired 2 young investigators in blue jeans to find 2 blue genes.

  12. FROM BLUE JEANS TO BLUE GENES

    PubMed Central

    Boon, Laurence M.; Vikkula, Miikka

    2010-01-01

    Cutaneous venous anomalies are common. They are blue in color and vary in size, number and location, and account for the majority of consultations at specialized interdisciplinary clinics for vascular anomalies. Venous lesions are clinically important as they cause pain, dysfunction, destruction of adjacent tissues and esthetic concern. Only resection and sclerotherapy are helpful, although not always curative. Understanding etiopathogenesis could help design animal models and develop novel therapeutic approaches. Dr Mulliken envisioned a project to uncover the genetic basis of an inherited form of venous malformation in a large New England family. Recruitment of two young fellows resulted in a collaborative project that unraveled the searched-for-gene and its mutation. This was an opening for a new era in the field of vascular anomalies. Two blue genes’ mutations were discovered, which account for the majority, if not all, of the inherited forms of venous anomalies, but other genes as well, for rheologically diverse lesions. Differential diagnosis and management has improved, and animal models are being made. This was achieved thanks to Dr Mulliken, who inspired two young investigators in blue jeans to find two blue genes. PMID:19190503

  13. Jean-Martin Charcot and his legacy.

    PubMed

    Bogousslavsky, Julien

    2014-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) rightly is considered the father of both modern neurology and psychiatry in France and much beyond. While he never was interested in mental disease and what was called 'alienism' at the time, his career at La Salpêtrière Hospital over 30 years was mainly marked by the development of a huge group of students which focused on the study and management of hysteria. When Charcot took office at the beginning of 1862, hysteria was a 'no-man's land', medically speaking, since neither the alienists nor the internists had much interest in this condition. At La Salpêtrière, these chronic patients were largely left to themselves before Désiré Bourneville, one of Charcot's first students, convinced his chief to care for them. Subsequently, the studies of Charcot with Paul Richer, Joseph Babinski, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Sollier, Pierre Janet, and many others allowed the condition to be addressed in detail. During his stay with Charcot in 1885-1866, Sigmund Freud, a young neuropathologist at the time, became fascinated by hysteria, an interest which probably was the main start of his interest in psychology. Charcot emphasized the concept of mental factors in hysteria, along with that of a 'dynamic' lesion, which accounted for the lack of neuropathological findings in the patients. While his ideas on hysteria and hypnotism were criticized after his death even by former pupils, such as Babinski, recent findings from functional studies using magnetic resonance imaging show how accurate and often visionary Charcot's thinking was in this field.

  14. The Jeans Modeling of the Milky Way Galaxy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samurovic, S.; Lalovic, A.

    2012-12-01

    In this work we investigate the predictions of Newtonian dynamics and the MOND theory related to the Milky Way galaxy using the Jeans equation. We used the measurements of the radial velocities of the blue horizontal branch (BHB) halo stars to test the predictions of Newtonian gravity and to also extend our study to different MOND models, taking orbital anisotropies that we calculate into account. The halo stars of the Galaxy were used as a tracer of the Galaxy's gravitational potential. The Jeans equation was calculated for both the Newtonian and the MOND approaches. We assumed spherical symmetry and calculated the Jeans equation by taking orbital anisotropies into account. Circular velocities for both approaches were also analyzed. We solved the Jeans equation in spherical approximation and confirm that the Newtonian model without dark matter cannot fit the observed velocity dispersion profile and that the truncated flat model with dark matter can provide a good fit to the observed velocity dispersion. For the MOND models, from the Jeans modeling we found that three models ("simple", "standard" and Zhao, 2007) can provide a fit to the data without significant anisotropies whereas the "toy" model needs anisotropies to obtain the same result.

  15. Jeans instability with exchange effects in quantum dusty magnetoplasmas

    SciTech Connect

    Jamil, M.; Rasheed, A.; Rozina, Ch.; Jung, Y.-D.; Salimullah, M.

    2015-08-15

    Jeans instability is examined in magnetized quantum dusty plasmas using the quantum hydrodynamic model. The quantum effects are considered via exchange-correlation potential, recoil effect, and Fermi degenerate pressure, in addition to thermal effects of plasma species. It is found that the electron exchange and correlation potential have significant effects over the threshold value of wave vector and Jeans instability. The presence of electron exchange and correlation effect shortens the time of dust sound that comparatively stabilizes the self gravitational collapse. The results at quantum scale are helpful in understanding the collapse of the self-gravitating dusty plasma systems.

  16. Jeans instability of rotating magnetized quantum plasma: Influence of radiation

    SciTech Connect

    Joshi, H.; Pensia, R. K.

    2015-07-31

    The effect of radiative heat-loss function and rotation on the Jeans instability of quantum plasma is investigated. The basic set of equations for this problem is constructed by considering quantum magnetohydrodynamic (QMHD) model. Using normal mode analysis, the general dispersion relation is obtained. This dispersion relation is studied in both, longitudinal and transverse direction of propagations. In both case of longitudinal and transverse direction of propagation, the Jeans instability criterion is modified due to presence of radiative heat-loss function and quantum correction.

  17. Kinetic theory of Jeans instability of a dusty plasma.

    PubMed

    Pandey, B P; Lakhina, G S; Krishan, V

    1999-12-01

    A kinetic theory of the Jeans instability of a dusty plasma has been developed in the present work. The effect of grain charge fluctuations due to the attachment of electrons and ions to the grain surface has been considered in the framework of Krook's collisional model. We demonstrate that the grain charge fluctuations alter the growth rate of the gravitational collapse of the dusty plasma. The Jeans length has been derived under limiting cases, and its dependence on the attachment frequency is shown. In the absence of gravity, we see that the damping rate of the dust acoustic mode is proportional to the electron-dust collision frequency.

  18. Jean-Martin Charcot Pathologist, Neurologist, Psychiatrist and Physician

    PubMed Central

    Pandey, Sanjay

    2012-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot is known as father of modern neurology. Before him, neurology was only limited to select disorders like chorea. His contributions were not limited to neurology only, as he was instrumental in many new developments in the field of pathology, psychiatry, and internal medicine. Even after 100 years, Charcot`s clinical methods remain the pillar of modern neurology. PMID:23349597

  19. The Genetic Psychologies of James Mark Baldwin and Jean Piaget.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahan, Emily D.

    1984-01-01

    Describes the ideas proposed by James Mark Baldwin which anticipated much of Jean Piaget's work. The goals, genetic approach, and epistemological assumptions underlying Piaget's inquiry into cognitive development found explicit statement in Baldwin's work. Discusses Baldwin's current importance for psychology. (Author/CB)

  20. Reflections on Piaget. Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Memorial Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broughton, John M., Ed.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Sessions of and presentations given at a memorial conference, held in honor of Jean Piaget, are reported. The conference was sponsored by the Developmental Psychology Program at Teachers College, Columbia University, on November 14, 1980. Sixteen scholars from the fields of psychology, philosophy, and education participated. (CJ)

  1. Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A Rationale for Constructivism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harlow, Steve; Cummings, Rhoda; Aberasturi, Suzanne M.

    2006-01-01

    The current faddish use of the term constructivism has taken on as many different definitions as the number of people attempting to define it. This essay clarifies the meaning of constructivism through an examination of Karl Popper's and Jean Piaget's theories. The authors provide a rationale for the use of Popper's paradigm of "Three Worlds" and…

  2. Performing the Narrators in Jean Stafford's "The Hope Chest."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    JoAnn Niehaus, Sister

    "The Hope Chest," a short story by Jean Stafford, offers a challenge to the oral interpreter of literature because it demands that the performer demonstrate its complex narrative levels. There are five distinct facets in the personality of the central character, Miss Bellamy: a lonely, fearful old lady; a shrewd, hospitable mistress of…

  3. Wise, Holistic Thinking: An Interview with Jean Sunde Peterson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henshon, Suzanna E.

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Jean Sunde Peterson, professor and director of school-counselor preparation in the Department of Educational Studies at Purdue University. She is a licensed mental health counselor and a national certified counselor, planning to return to clinical work with gifted children and adolescents and their families…

  4. Jean Piaget: An Introduction and Reader's Guide for Children's Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Getts, Marilyn; Giacoma, Pete

    1981-01-01

    Introduces children's librarians to the theories of cognitive growth in children formulated by Jean Piaget. An annotated bibliography of three primary and 16 secondary references is provided to promote insight and to reinforce commitment to children's services. Five references are listed. (RAA)

  5. Conceptual Development: Piaget's Legacy. Jean Piaget Symposium Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scholnick, Ellin K., Ed.; Nelson, Katherine, Ed.; Gelman, Susan A., Ed.; Miller, Patricia H., Ed.

    Based on the papers presented at the 1996 Symposium of the Jean Piaget Society and highlighting the extent to which Piaget's ideas have served to scaffold contemporary thinking about every aspect of conceptual development, this volume examines the nature of conceptual development, its foundations, and the sources of its novelties. The chapters…

  6. In Touch with Kids: A Conversation with Jean Marzollo.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spodek, Bernard; Barrera, Rosalinda B.; Harris, Violet J.

    2002-01-01

    Interviews Jean Marzollo about her past, present, and future work in children's literature. Notes that her body of writing (more than 100 books of prose and poetry for young readers) transcends the boundaries of genre and disciplines, and is infused with a strong emphasis on rhyme and rhythm intended to capture the ears and minds of emergent and…

  7. Jean Piaget: An Introduction and Reader's Guide for Children's Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Getts, Marilyn; Giacoma, Pete

    1981-01-01

    Introduces children's librarians to the theories of cognitive growth in children formulated by Jean Piaget. An annotated bibliography of three primary and 16 secondary references is provided to promote insight and to reinforce commitment to children's services. Five references are listed. (RAA)

  8. Reflections on Piaget. Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Memorial Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broughton, John M., Ed.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Sessions of and presentations given at a memorial conference, held in honor of Jean Piaget, are reported. The conference was sponsored by the Developmental Psychology Program at Teachers College, Columbia University, on November 14, 1980. Sixteen scholars from the fields of psychology, philosophy, and education participated. (CJ)

  9. Conceptual Development: Piaget's Legacy. Jean Piaget Symposium Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scholnick, Ellin K., Ed.; Nelson, Katherine, Ed.; Gelman, Susan A., Ed.; Miller, Patricia H., Ed.

    Based on the papers presented at the 1996 Symposium of the Jean Piaget Society and highlighting the extent to which Piaget's ideas have served to scaffold contemporary thinking about every aspect of conceptual development, this volume examines the nature of conceptual development, its foundations, and the sources of its novelties. The chapters…

  10. The Genetic Psychologies of James Mark Baldwin and Jean Piaget.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahan, Emily D.

    1984-01-01

    Describes the ideas proposed by James Mark Baldwin which anticipated much of Jean Piaget's work. The goals, genetic approach, and epistemological assumptions underlying Piaget's inquiry into cognitive development found explicit statement in Baldwin's work. Discusses Baldwin's current importance for psychology. (Author/CB)

  11. Whimsical Imagery: An Interview with Jean Nunez Donegan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamble, Harriet

    2001-01-01

    Presents an interview with Jean Nunez Donegan focusing on: her career as an artist; her experiences with teaching art at the secondary and college levels; her process for creating art; and her development as an artist. Includes directions for creating a branch with leaves and bamboo using clay. (CMK)

  12. Wise, Holistic Thinking: An Interview with Jean Sunde Peterson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henshon, Suzanna E.

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Jean Sunde Peterson, professor and director of school-counselor preparation in the Department of Educational Studies at Purdue University. She is a licensed mental health counselor and a national certified counselor, planning to return to clinical work with gifted children and adolescents and their families…

  13. Whimsical Imagery: An Interview with Jean Nunez Donegan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamble, Harriet

    2001-01-01

    Presents an interview with Jean Nunez Donegan focusing on: her career as an artist; her experiences with teaching art at the secondary and college levels; her process for creating art; and her development as an artist. Includes directions for creating a branch with leaves and bamboo using clay. (CMK)

  14. Hannah Arendt & Jean Baudrillard: Pedagogy in the Consumer Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norris, Trevor

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers the place of education within our "consumers' society", beginning with Hannah Arendt's account of the rise of consumerism to a position of political dominance and the resulting eclipse of public life. Connections are then made between Arendt's account of this rise and Jean Baudrillard's account of the postmodern proliferation…

  15. Hannah Arendt & Jean Baudrillard: Pedagogy in the Consumer Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norris, Trevor

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers the place of education within our "consumers' society", beginning with Hannah Arendt's account of the rise of consumerism to a position of political dominance and the resulting eclipse of public life. Connections are then made between Arendt's account of this rise and Jean Baudrillard's account of the postmodern proliferation…

  16. Cocteau on the Film; Conversations with Jean Cocteau.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraigneau, Andre, Ed.

    This book is the text of an interview with the French film-maker, Jean Cocteau. It is the corrected edition, with a new introduction by George Amberg, of the English translation of the early 1950 conversation in French. Cocteau discusses the aesthetics, creative aspects, and production processes of his own films and films in general. His approach…

  17. "Dancing Cannot Start Too Soon": Spiritual Education in the Thought of Jean Paul Friedrich Richter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pridmore, John

    2004-01-01

    Johann Paul Friedrich Richter (1763-1825) adopted the pen-name "Jean Paul" in honour of Jean Jaques Rousseau. His "Levana or the doctrine of education" ("Levana oder Erziehlehre") was once a standard text and required reading in teacher education. Outside Germany the name of Jean Paul is now little known and the…

  18. "Dancing Cannot Start Too Soon": Spiritual Education in the Thought of Jean Paul Friedrich Richter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pridmore, John

    2004-01-01

    Johann Paul Friedrich Richter (1763-1825) adopted the pen-name "Jean Paul" in honour of Jean Jaques Rousseau. His "Levana or the doctrine of education" ("Levana oder Erziehlehre") was once a standard text and required reading in teacher education. Outside Germany the name of Jean Paul is now little known and the…

  19. THERMALLY DRIVEN ATMOSPHERIC ESCAPE: TRANSITION FROM HYDRODYNAMIC TO JEANS ESCAPE

    SciTech Connect

    Volkov, Alexey N.; Johnson, Robert E.; Tucker, Orenthal J.; Erwin, Justin T.

    2011-03-10

    Thermally driven escape from planetary atmospheres changes in nature from an organized outflow (hydrodynamic escape) to escape on a molecule-by-molecule basis (Jeans escape) with increasing Jeans parameter, {lambda}, the ratio of the gravitational to thermal energy of the atmospheric molecules. This change is described here for the first time using the direct simulation Monte Carlo method. When heating is predominantly below the lower boundary of the simulation region, R{sub 0}, and well below the exobase of a single-component atmosphere, the nature of the escape process changes over a surprisingly narrow range of Jeans parameters, {lambda}{sub 0}, evaluated at R{sub 0}. For an atomic gas, the transition occurs over {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2-3, where the lower bound, {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2.1, corresponds to the upper limit for isentropic, supersonic outflow. For {lambda}{sub 0} > 3 escape occurs on a molecule-by-molecule basis and we show that, contrary to earlier suggestions, for {lambda}{sub 0} > {approx}6 the escape rate does not deviate significantly from the familiar Jeans rate. In a gas composed of diatomic molecules, the transition shifts to {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2.4-3.6 and at {lambda}{sub 0} > {approx}4 the escape rate increases a few tens of percent over that for the monatomic gas. Scaling by the Jeans parameter and the Knudsen number, these results can be applied to thermally induced escape of the major species from solar and extrasolar planets.

  20. Nickel dermatitis provoked by buttons in blue jeans.

    PubMed

    Brandrup, F; Larsen, F S

    1979-05-01

    A total of 79 nickel-sensitive patients (65 women, 14 men) were examined with regard to a present or past eczema corresponding to contact with metallic buttons in blue jeans; 63% of the women and 64% of the men had or had had eczema of this kind. Among 40% of the women below 30 years this was the primary site of manifestation. The seriousness of this sensitivity is illustrated by the fact that two-thirds of the nickel sensitive patients with button dermatitis had or had had eczema of the hands. The conclusion is that blue jean buttons should be made of a material which does not contain nickel, for instance zinc alloys which are presently used for some metallic buttons, or they should be designed in such a way that the button does not directly contact the skin.

  1. Jean-Antoine Nollet: The father of experimental electrospray.

    PubMed

    Dumont, Quentin; Cole, Richard B

    2014-01-01

    The development of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was a 20th century occurrence that underwent rapid acceleration especially in the 1990's. However, long prior to its coupling with mass spectrometry, the electrification of liquids had been studied in a variety of contexts. Although initial reports describing cone formation upon electrification of water drops came out of England, the first true experiments investigating the electrospray phenomenon were performed in the middle of the 18th century by Abbé Jean-Antoine Nollet. The current report, associated with the French Regional Issue of Mass Spectrometry Reviews, examines the contributions of Abbé Nollet to the earliest understanding of the electrospray phenomenon. A description of his accomplishments is placed in the context of the societal and scientific developments of the "Age of Enlightenment" out of which Jean-Antoine Nollet arose. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Jean-Marie Mariotti (1955 - 28 July 1998).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Léna, P.

    1998-09-01

    Jean-Marie Mariotti, head of the VLTI programme at ESO since the fall of 1997, passed away at the age of 43 on July 28 in Munich, taken by a sudden and acute leukaemia. Together with his wife, Françoise, and their children, Appolline and Octave (6 and 3 years old), a brief ceremony was held on July 31 at the Ost-Friedhof in Munich, attended by his family and a number of his ESO friends and colleagues.

  3. Jeans instability in partially ionized self-gravitating dusty plasmas.

    PubMed

    Verheest, F; Shukla, P K; Jacobs, G; Yaroshenko, V V

    2003-08-01

    By employing the Boltzmann distributions for electrons and ions and by retaining the full dynamics of charged dust and neutral fluids, we derive a dispersion law for coupled dust-acoustic and neutral sound waves in partially ionized self-gravitating dusty plasmas. This dispersion law exhibits new classes of Jeans instability in both collisionless and highly collisional regimes. The result should help understand the origin of molecular cloud collapse in interstellar space.

  4. Relaxation, the Boltzmann-Jeans conjecture, and chaos.

    PubMed

    Nakagawa, N; Kaneko, K

    2001-11-01

    Slow (logarithmic) relaxation from a highly excited state is studied in a Hamiltonian system with many degrees of freedom. The relaxation time is shown to increase as the exponential of the square root of the energy of excitation, in agreement with the Boltzmann-Jeans conjecture, while it is found to be inversely proportional to residual Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy, introduced in this Rapid Communication. The increase of the thermodynamic entropy through this relaxation process is found to be proportional to this quantity.

  5. Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy chats with STS-66 crewmates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy (center), STS-66 international mission specialist, chats with payload crew mates during a training session on emergency egress procedures. Wearing training versions of the launch and entry suits, the crew members are, left to right, Scott E. Parazynski, Joseph P. Tanner, Clervoy and Ellen Ochoa. Ochoa is the payload commander, Tanner and Parazynski are NASA mission specialists and Clervoy represents the European Space Agency (ESA) as a mission specialist.

  6. Jeans self gravitational instability of strongly coupled quantum plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2014-07-15

    The Jeans self-gravitational instability is studied for quantum plasma composed of weakly coupled degenerate electron fluid and non-degenerate strongly coupled ion fluid. The formulation for such system is done on the basis of two fluid theory. The dynamics of weakly coupled degenerate electron fluid is governed by inertialess momentum equation. The quantum forces associated with the quantum diffraction effects and the quantum statistical effects act on the degenerate electron fluid. The strong correlation effects of ion are embedded in generalized viscoelastic momentum equation including the viscoelasticity and shear viscosities of ion fluid. The general dispersion relation is obtained using the normal mode analysis technique for the two regimes of propagation, i.e., hydrodynamic and kinetic regimes. The Jeans condition of self-gravitational instability is also obtained for both regimes, in the hydrodynamic regime it is observed to be affected by the ion plasma oscillations and quantum parameter while in the kinetic regime in addition to ion plasma oscillations and quantum parameter, it is also affected by the ion velocity which is modified by the viscosity generated compressional effects. The Jeans critical wave number and corresponding critical mass are also obtained for strongly coupled quantum plasma for both regimes.

  7. Blue-jean button nickel: prevalence and prevention of its release from buttons.

    PubMed

    Suneja, Tina; Flanagan, Katherine H; Glaser, Dee Anna

    2007-12-01

    Nickel is a common cause of allergic contact dermatitis and is associated with metal buttons and snaps on blue jeans. To determine the prevalence of nickel-positive metal buttons on blue jeans and the efficacy of nail polish in the prevention of nickel release. We collected 62 pairs of new and preworn blue jeans. The metal buttons were tested for nickel with a dimethylglyoxime test kit, and one coat of clear nail polish was applied to nickel-positive buttons. Painted buttons were dried for 24 hours, and the jeans were washed on delicate cycle and retested for nickel. The jeans underwent a second wash/dry cycle and were retested. The prevalence of nickel-positive metal buttons on blue jeans was 16%. Ten pairs of jeans tested positive for nickel. All 10 pairs tested negative for nickel after the application of one coat of clear nail polish. Of these 10 pairs, seven pairs underwent two wash/dry cycles, and all seven tested negative for nickel after each cycle. The presence of nickel-positive blue-jean buttons is greater in new jeans than in preworn jeans. One clear coat of nail polish can prevent nickel release through two wash/dry cycles in a test environment.

  8. Modified Jeans instability in Lorentzian dusty self-gravitating plasmas with Lennard-Jones potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qian, Y. Z.; Chen, H.; Liu, S. Q.

    2014-11-01

    The Jeans instability in self-gravitating plasma with Kappa distributed dust grains is investigated basing on assumption that the mutual interaction among dust grains is governed by Lennard-Jones potential. It is shown that the presence of additional suprathermal particles has significant effects on the range of unstable modes and growth rate of Jeans instability. Compared with Maxwellian scenario, suprathermality stabilized the Jeans instability.

  9. Modified Jeans instability in Lorentzian dusty self-gravitating plasmas with Lennard-Jones potential

    SciTech Connect

    Qian, Y. Z. Chen, H. Liu, S. Q.

    2014-11-15

    The Jeans instability in self-gravitating plasma with Kappa distributed dust grains is investigated basing on assumption that the mutual interaction among dust grains is governed by Lennard-Jones potential. It is shown that the presence of additional suprathermal particles has significant effects on the range of unstable modes and growth rate of Jeans instability. Compared with Maxwellian scenario, suprathermality stabilized the Jeans instability.

  10. Jean Perrin and the triumph of the atomic doctrine.

    PubMed

    Patterson, Gary

    2007-06-01

    One of the central dogmas of modern science is that the world around us can be understood in terms of microscopic chemical entities known as atoms. It may come as a surprise that this notion has only been widely acknowledged since the 1910s. The French physicist Jean Perrin had a hand in many of the key developments that led to the emergence of the atomic doctrine. His life story relates how new technologies were used to 'see' these invisible particles of philosophy and how scientists were able to determine their size and composition. The indivisible atoms of the ancients were replaced by the highly structured elements of chemistry.

  11. Modified jeans instability for dust grains in a plasma.

    PubMed

    Delzanno, G L; Lapenta, G

    2005-05-06

    An investigation of the properties of linear stability is conducted for a system consisting of particles having mass m and charge q, interacting through the gravitational and electrostatic force (Jeans instability). However, in light of recent works showing that dust particles in a plasma can have a Lennard-Jones-like shielding potential, a new set of equations has been derived, where the electrostatic interaction among the dust particles is Lennard-Jones-like instead of Coulomb-like. A new condition for the gravitational instability is derived, showing a broader spectrum of unstable modes with faster growth rates.

  12. STS-103 Crew Interviews: Jean-Francois Clervoy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Live footage of a preflight interview with Mission Specialist Jean-Francois Clervoy is seen. The interview addresses many different questions including why Clervoy became an astronaut, what were the events that led to his interest. Other interesting information that this one-on-one interview discusses is an explanation of the why this required mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope must take place at such an early date, replacement of the gyroscopes, transistors and computers. Also discussed is an explanation of the ESA (European Space Agency) involvement in this mission, and a brief touch on Clervoy's responsibility during any of the given four space walks scheduled for this mission.

  13. Jeans instability of rotating anisotropic plasma with tensor viscosity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patidar, Archana; Sharma, Prerana

    2017-05-01

    In the present work, the role of rotation with viscous tensor in anisotropic self-gravitating plasma has been investigated using magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model and Chew-Goldberger-Low (CGL) fluid theory. The general dispersion relation is obtained by normal mode analysis theory with the help of linearized perturbation equations and further discussed with some limiting cases. The modified condition for Jeans instability has been obtained. The influence of considered parameters on the growth rate of instability is shown analytically and numerically. The result of present study may be useful in the region of spiral arms of galaxy.

  14. Modified Jeans Instability for Dust Grains in a Plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Delzanno, G.L.; Lapenta, G.

    2005-05-06

    An investigation of the properties of linear stability is conducted for a system consisting of particles having mass m and charge q, interacting through the gravitational and electrostatic force (Jeans instability). However, in light of recent works showing that dust particles in a plasma can have a Lennard-Jones-like shielding potential, a new set of equations has been derived, where the electrostatic interaction among the dust particles is Lennard-Jones-like instead of Coulomb-like. A new condition for the gravitational instability is derived, showing a broader spectrum of unstable modes with faster growth rates.

  15. Jean Piaget: Images of a life and his factory.

    PubMed

    Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

    2012-08-01

    In this article, I use a new book about Jean Piaget to introduce a new historical method: examining "psychological factories." I also discuss some of the ways that "Great Men" are presented in the literature, as well as opportunities for new projects if one approaches the history of the discipline differently and examines the conditions that made that greatness possible. To that end, the article includes many details about Piaget that have never before been discussed in English. Attention is drawn, in particular, to Piaget's collaborators: the hundreds of workers at his factory in Geneva, many of whom were women. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).

  16. Quantifying Departures from Equilibrium with the Spherical Jeans Equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evslin, Jarah; Del Popolo, Antonino

    2017-06-01

    Proper motions of collisionless, pointlike objects in a spherically symmetric system—for example, stars in a galaxy—can be used to test whether that system is in equilibrium, with no assumptions regarding isotropy. In particular, the fourth-order spherical Jeans equation yields expressions for two observable quantities characterizing the departure from equilibrium, both of which can be expressed in terms of time derivatives of first and third moments of the velocities. As illustrations, we compute these quantities for tracer distributions drawn from an exact equilibrium configuration, and also from near-equilibrium configurations generated using the N-body code GALIC.

  17. Physical interpretation of Jeans instability in quantum plasmas

    SciTech Connect

    Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M.

    2014-08-15

    In this paper, we use the quantum hydrodynamics and its hydrostatic limit to investigate the newly posed problem of Jeans instability in quantum plasmas from a different point of view in connection with the well-known Chandrasekhar mass-limit on highly collapsed degenerate stellar configurations. It is shown that the hydrodynamic stability of a spherically symmetric uniform quantum plasma with a given fixed mass is achieved by increase in its mass-density or decrease in the radius under the action of gravity. It is also remarked that for masses beyond the limiting Jeans-mass, the plasma becomes completely unstable and the gravitational collapse would proceed forever. This limiting mass is found to depend strongly on the composition of the quantum plasma and the atomic-number of the constituent ions, where it is observed that heavier elements rather destabilize the quantum plasma hydrodynamically. It is also shown that the Chandrasekhar mass-limit for white dwarf stars can be directly obtained from the hydrostatic limit of our model.

  18. Jeans Collapse of a System of Electron Emitting Dust Particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Delzanno, G. L.; Lapenta, G.

    2004-05-01

    The collapse of a molecular cloud to form a planetary system is a classic process in astrophysics. The length scale of the collapsed system and the rate of its formation is described in the simplest model by the Jeans instability. When the model is complicated by additional processes, the rate and scale of the Jeans instability is modified [1]. We focus on the processes involved with the charging of the dust in the initial cloud. The presence of charge of the same sign on the dust particles inhibits the process of collapse. Yet, the process of charging is expected to be operational. We propose a mechanism that can explain this apparent contradiction. In a recent work [2], we have shown that in presence of electron emission from the dust the interaction potential of a dust particle becomes similar to the Lennard-Jones (LJ) potential. The important consequence of this discovery is that emitting dust particles with LJ like potential can actually attract each other even though they all share the same sign of charge. Here, we present a series of simulations conducted with a new code designed to study a large system of weakly coupled dust particles, interacting with a LJ like potential. [1] P. K. Shukla, Dust plasma interaction in space, Nova Science Publ., 2002. [2] G.L. Delzanno, G. Lapenta, M. Rosenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett., to appear.

  19. Jeans analysis of Bok globules in {\\varvec{f(R)}} gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vainio, Jaakko; Vilja, Iiro

    2016-10-01

    We examine the effects of f( R) gravity on Jeans analysis of collapsing dust clouds. We provide a method for testing modified gravity models by their effects on star formation as the presence of f(R) gravity is found to modify the limit for collapse. In this analysis we add perturbations to a de Sitter background. As the standard Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian is modified, new types of dynamics emerge. Depending on the characteristics of a chosen f( R) model, the appearance of new limits is possible. The physicality of these limits is further examined. We find the asymptotic Jeans masses for f( R) theories compared to standard Jeans mass. Through this ratio, the effects of the f( R) modified Jeans mass for viable theories are examined in molecular clouds. Bok globules have a mass range comparable to Jeans masses in question and are therefore used for comparing different f( R) models. Viable theories are found to assist in star formation.

  20. [Albert-Jean-Louis Brun, pharmacist of Geneva and vulcanologist].

    PubMed

    Chaigneau, M

    1996-01-01

    Albert-Jean-Louis Brun (1851-1929), was chemist of the University of Bern (Switzerland) and "licencié ès sciences" of the University of Sorbonne (France). In Paris he was a faithful follower of Charles Friedel. In Coutance (Genève), where he was working in his own chemistry, he realised all his researchs. After a trip to Stromboli in 1901, he studied the volcanic phenomena as a chemist, as a mineralogist and as a geophysicist. His researchs brought him till the mediterranean volcanos--Vesuve, Etna, Santorin--, till Java and Krakatoa, then Canarian islands, and the lava lake of Kilauea, etc. The results of his works are collected in a big book called "Recherches sur l'exhalaison volcanique": he presents a theory which was the subject of a polemic with the professor Henri Gautier of the professor Henri Gautier of the Faculty of Pharmacy of Paris.

  1. STS-78 Payload Specialist Jean-Jacques Favier suits up

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 Payload Specialist Jean-Jacques Favier is donning his launch/entry suit in the Operations and Checkout Building. A representative of the French Space Agency (CNES), Favier is one of four spaceflight rookies flying on STS-78. He served as an alternate payload specialist for an earlier Shuttle flight, STS- 65. In a short while, he and his six fellow crew members will depart the O&C and head for Launch Pad 39B, where the Space Shuttle Columbia awaits liftoff during a two-and-a-half hour launch window opening at 10:49 a.m. EDT, June 20. STS-78 will be an extended duration flight during which extensive research will be conducted in the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS) located in the payload bay.

  2. STS-86 Mission Specialist Jean-Loup Chretien at TCDT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    STS-86 Mission Specialist Jean-Loup J.M. Chretien of the French Space Agency, CNES, participates in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities at Launch Pad 39A. This will be his third spaceflight, but first on the Space Shuttle. He flew twice as a research-cosmonaut on Russian missions. STS-86 will be the seventh docking of the Space Shuttle with the Russian Space Station Mir. During the docking, STS-86 Mission Specialist David A. Wolf will transfer to the orbiting Russian station and become a member of the Mir 24 crew, replacing U.S. astronaut C. Michael Foale, who has been on the Mir since the last docking mission, STS-84, in May. Launch of Mission STS-86 aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis is targeted for Sept. 25.

  3. History of Medicine Jean Marc Gaspard Itard - 1774-1838.

    PubMed

    Chalat, N I

    1982-06-01

    Here is the history of French physician and otologist, Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (1774-1838). As physician for the Institute for Deaf Mutes in Paris, Dr. Itard became responsible for the care and civilization of the "wild boy of Aveyron," also known as, "The Wild Child" of the Truffaut movie. Their encounter became the first carefully recorded effort to train a culturally deprived individual on a one-to-one basis, or perhaps on any basis. Dr. Itard's work lead directly through Dr. Sequin and Dr. Montessori to us today. If we now stand on the threshold of restoring hearing by implantation to the totally deaf, then the results we expect and the training programs we must follow will naturally take us back to the work of this physician of the French Revolution.

  4. The early evolution of Jean Piaget's clinical method.

    PubMed

    Mayer, Susan Jean

    2005-11-01

    This article analyzes the early evolution of Jean Piaget's renowned "clinical method" in order to investigate the method's strikingly original and generative character. Throughout his 1st decade in the field, Piaget frequently discussed and justified the many different approaches to data collection he used. Analysis of his methodological progression during this period reveals that Piaget's determination to access the genuine convictions of children eventually led him to combine 3 distinct traditions in which he had been trained-naturalistic observation, psychometrics, and the psychiatric clinical examination. It was in this amalgam, first evident in his 4th text, that Piaget discovered the clinical dynamic that would drive the classic experiments for which he is most well known.

  5. Transcultural nursing: a perspective derived from Jean-Paul Sartre.

    PubMed

    Rajan, M F

    1995-09-01

    Transcultural nursing care is a well-established theoretical framework. This theory, developed by Madeleine Leininger, can have an impact on clinical practice, academic preparation and nursing research. The heightened interest in applying transcultural care and the increased need to espouse this framework have been triggered by constant population changes. This paper defines transcultural nursing care and expands its definition further by comparing and contrasting it with Jean-Paul Sartre's existentialist perspective. The two modes of existence as defined by Sartre are closely examined. Concrete examples are offered as cultural phenomena and the components of a cultural assessment are discussed and applied. The philosophical thesis is approached from a transcultural nursing perspective and existentialism is shown to serve as a foundation for transcultural nursing. The advantages and disadvantages of transcultural nursing practice and the preparation of transcultural nurses are finally addressed.

  6. [Pierre Bayen rediscovers the Essays of Jean Rey].

    PubMed

    Lafont, Olivier

    2014-10-01

    Jean Rey, a physician from The Bugue, a little town near Bergerac, published, in 1630, a book entitled "Essays" in which he explained the increase of the mass of lead, when it was strongly heated, by the fixation of a part of the air. This revolutionary publication was not received by the European scientists, because the Father Mersenne, "the secretary of learned Europe", was not able to repeat his experiments. Between 1774 and 1775, Pierre Bayen, who was a military apothecary, published his Works concerning the "precipitate per se", for us HgO, showing that when this compound was destroyed by heating, it produced a gas, and that the mass of this gas and the mass of the mercury obtained were equal to the mass of the "precipitate per se". He concluded that the phlogiston theory was contradictory with the results of the experiments. When, later on, Lavoisier published his important article on the increase of the mass of steal when it was heated in the air, he "forgot" to cite the Works of Bayen. In January 1775, Pierre Bayen published a letter in which he mentioned that he had discovered an exemplar of Jean Rey's book and explained that this physician of the 17th century had supposed the explanation that had been proved by Lavoisier. Nicolas Gobet then published a new edition of the "Essays" in 1777, but this new edition became itself quite rare. An inscription pencilled on the book kept by the British Museum pretends that all the exemplars Lavoisier could find were destroyed. It is not rigorous to conclude on a single document, especially when it is not signed, but it is sufficient to induce doubt.

  7. The effect of spin induced magnetization on Jeans instability of viscous and resistive quantum plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2014-03-15

    The effect of spin induced magnetization and electrical resistivity incorporating the viscosity of the medium is examined on the Jeans instability of quantum magnetoplasma. Formulation of the system is done by using the quantum magnetohydrodynamic model. The analysis of the problem is carried out by normal mode analysis theory. The general dispersion relation is derived from set of perturbed equations to analyse the growth rate and condition of self-gravitational Jeans instability. To discuss the influence of resistivity, magnetization, and viscosity parameters on Jeans instability, the general dispersion relation is reduced for both transverse and longitudinal mode of propagations. In the case of transverse propagation, the gravitating mode is found to be affected by the viscosity, magnetization, resistivity, and magnetic field strength whereas Jeans criterion of instability is modified by the magnetization and quantum parameter. In the longitudinal mode of propagation, the gravitating mode is found to be modified due to the viscosity and quantum correction in which the Jeans condition of instability is influenced only by quantum parameter. The other non-gravitating Alfven mode in this direction is affected by finite electrical resistivity, spin induced magnetization, and viscosity. The numerical study for the growth rate of Jeans instability is carried out for both in the transverse and longitudinal direction of propagation to the magnetic field. The effect of various parameters on the growth rate of Jeans instability in quantum plasma is analysed.

  8. Jeans instability of magnetized quantum plasma: Effect of viscosity, rotation and finite Larmor radius corrections

    SciTech Connect

    Jain, Shweta Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2015-07-31

    The Jeans instability of self-gravitating quantum plasma is examined considering the effects of viscosity, finite Larmor radius (FLR) corrections and rotation. The analysis is done by normal mode analysis theory with the help of relevant linearized perturbation equations of the problem. The general dispersion relation is obtained using the quantum magneto hydrodynamic model. The modified condition of Jeans instability is obtained and the numerical calculations have been performed to show the effects of various parameters on the growth rate of Jeans instability.

  9. [Fatal diseases and "imaginary" suffering. "Hypochondria" and "consumption" in the correspondence between Jean Paul and Johann Bernhard Hermann, with a perspective on Jean Paul's literature and aesthetics].

    PubMed

    Meier, Monika

    2007-01-01

    The German writerJean Paul (Johann Paul Friedrich Richter, 1763-1825) and his friendJohann Bernhard Hermann (1761-1790) became acquainted with the thoughts of late Enlightenment at the University of Leipzig. They particularly appreciated the anthropology of Ernst Platner, who taught philosophy and aesthetics as well as medicine. Their confidential correspondence contains reflections on their respective situation and well being. Both write about feeling ill and label their illness "hypochondria". In the course of the correspondence Jean Paul's understanding of hypochondria evolves from an illness of the entrails as he follows Hermann, who supports the modern concept of hypochondria as an illness of the nerves. Two important themes from this correspondence recur in Jean Paul's novels and tales: firstly, his way of expressing comfort is related to his aesthetics, and secondly, the satirical way of portraying at least certain aspects of illness as imaginary reappears in his first successful novel "The Invisible Lodge" (1793).

  10. Interbeing and Mindfulness: A Bridge to Understanding Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sitzman, Kathleen L.

    2002-01-01

    Explains and compares Thich Naht Hanh's concept of interbeing and mindfulness and Jean Watson's theory of human caring. Describes the application of mindful practices to holistic nursing and nursing education. (Contains 12 references.) (SK)

  11. Official portrait of STS-65 backup Payload Specialist Jean-Jacques Favier

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-09-30

    Official portrait of STS-65 International Microgravity Laboratory 2 (IML-2) backup Payload Specialist Jean-Jacques Favier. Favier is a member of the Centre National D'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), the French space agency.

  12. Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars: The Obscure Life, the Authentic Legacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fikes, Robert Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Describes how Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars, a former slave, influenced Haitian history through his role in arguing for the abolition of slavery in the French colonies at the 1794 Paris National Convention. (MJL)

  13. Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars: The Obscure Life, the Authentic Legacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fikes, Robert Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Describes how Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars, a former slave, influenced Haitian history through his role in arguing for the abolition of slavery in the French colonies at the 1794 Paris National Convention. (MJL)

  14. Jeans instability in a degenerate electron-positron-ion and classical dusty plasma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rozina, Ch.; Tsintsadze, N. L.; Khadija, A.

    2017-08-01

    We follow the quantum hydrodynamic model to study the newly suggested problem of Jeans instability in collisionless self-gravitating multicomponent, dense, astrophysical quantum plasmas. Here, the quantum effects appear through the quantum diffraction and Fermi pressure, whereas the quantum statistical effects are important only for degenerate electron-positron- ion and dust being the heaviest is treated as classical. We have obtained dispersion relations for three particular plasmas; every time, Fermi pressure is found to be numerically larger than the quantum diffraction term which tends to stabilize Jeans instability even more than the Madelung term. The Jeans critical wave number and the corresponding critical mass are defined for particular plasmas. We have displayed our results numerically and have shown that the gravitational instability of quantum electron-ion-dust plasmas and electron-positron-dust plasmas is achieved by increasing both the number density and mass of the dust grains. Moreover, the degeneracy quantum corrections effectively stabilizing the Jeans instability was focused.

  15. [Jean-Paul Marat: physician, scientist and revolutionary].

    PubMed

    Cerda L, Jaime

    2010-01-01

    Physician, scientist and revolutionary are the biographical aspects that had better summarize the life of Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793). Due to the role that he played during the French Revolution, his work as a physician and scientist, prior to the events of l789, was forgotten. Marat made important contributions in the area of optics and electricity reflected in numerous publications, as well as translating Newton's Opticks (1787). Well known for his radical and aggressive ideas, his political vocation led him to embrace the revolutionary cause after the events of the Bastille. His figure was not indifferent to his contemporaries; although considered a hero by the poorest citizens, aristocrats and bourgeois considered him a cruel extremist. During the last years of his life, he suffered a cutaneous disease, the diagnosis of which is still a matter of controversy. Proposed diagnoses include eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, scabies and dermatitis herpetica, among others. Marat was assassinated by Charlotte Corday in 1793, becoming a martyr for some segments of the society that worshiped his memory. He was a man with a complex and curious personality whose figure and legacy are still a matter of discussion.

  16. Man with a Mission: Jean-Dominique Cassini

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belkora, Leila

    2004-03-01

    Jean-Dominique Cassini, for whom the Cassini mission to Saturn is named, is best known for his early understanding of that planet's rings. This article is an overview of his influential career in astronomy and other scientific fields.= Born in Italy in1625 and formally educated at an early age, he was a professor of astronomy at the University of Bologna, a leading center of learning in Europe of the time. He was an early observer of Jupiter, Mars, and Venus. He is best known for constructing a giant pinhole camera in a cathedral that he used with a meridian line on the floor to track the Sun's image through the year, thus providing the Catholic Church with a reliable calendar. Cassini also used the pinhole camera observations to calculate the variation in the distance between the Sun and Earth, thus lending support to the Copernican (Sun-centered) view of the solar system. Cassini moved to Paris at the request of King Louis XIV, originally to oversee the surveying needed for a new map system of France, but ultimately he took over as the director of the Paris Observatory. Cassini's descendants ran the observatory there for the following century.

  17. Jeans analysis for dwarf spheroidal galaxies in wave dark matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Shu-Rong; Schive, Hsi-Yu; Chiueh, Tzihong

    2017-06-01

    Although still under debate, observations generally suggest that dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies exhibit large constant-density cores in the centres, which can hardly be explained by dissipationless cold dark matter simulations without baryonic feedback. Wave dark matter (ψDM), characterized by a single parameter, the dark matter particle mass mψ, predicts a central soliton core in every galaxy arising from quantum pressure against gravity. Here we apply Jeans analysis assuming a soliton core profile to the kinematic data of eight classical dSphs so as to constrain mψ, and obtain m_{ψ } = 1.18_{-0.24}^{+0.28} × 10^{-22} and 1.79_{-0.33}^{+0.35} × 10^{-22} eV(2σ ) using the two different observational data sets of Walker et al. We show that the estimate of mψ is sensitive to the dSph kinematic data sets and is robust to various models of stellar density profile. We also consider multiple stellar subpopulations in dSphs and find consistent results. This mass range of mψ is in good agreement with other independent estimates, such as the high-redshift luminosity functions, the reionization history and the Thomson optical depth to the cosmic microwave background.

  18. Modified Jeans Instability for Dust Grains in a Plasma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luca Delzanno, Gian

    2005-10-01

    In two recent papers, Delzanno et al. [1, 2] have pointed out that an electron emitting (for instance due to photoemission) dust grain immersed in a plasma can sustain profiles of the shielding potential having an attractive potential well (reminiscent of the Lennard-Jones potential for the attraction among atoms). The presence of a potential well in the shielding potential has important consequences as it can lead to attractive forces on other grains even if they have the sign of charge and can be particularly important for astrophysical systems. In this study, we will present the kinetic theory of the modified Jeans instability [3], where a system of dust particles interacts through the gravitational and electrostatic forces. The latter, however, is not modeled with the Coulomb potential but with the potential well discovered in Refs. [1, 2]. We show that the well acts broadening the spectrum of gravitationally unstable modes and enhance their growth rates, even with respect to the pure gravitational case [3]. On the other hand, a pure Debye-Huckel potential always acts as to stabilize the system. [1] G. L. Delzanno, A. Bruno, G. Sorasio, G. Lapenta, Phys. Plasmas 12, 062102 (2005). [2] G. L. Delzanno, G. Lapenta, M. Rosenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 (3), 035002 (2004). [3] G. L. Delzanno, G. Lapenta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 175005 (2005).

  19. 50 years of space science (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonnet, Roger-Maurice

    2013-04-01

    The launch of Sputnik-1 triggered my fascination for space at the age of 20. The past 50 years have allowed me to study the Sun with sounding rockets and satellites, revealing the complexity of our star, contributing to the understanding of its physics, and offering surprising manifestations of its behavior and of its effects on Earth. Building instruments for space astronomy, managing teams of space scientists and engineers, led me to become the science director of the European space agency between 1983 and 2001 where I formulated and managed the Horizon 2000 program, which led Europe to occupy the front row of world space science. The Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture offers me an opportunity, to describe the most spectacular achievements of this long-term plan and to outline some basic principles for reaching success, including the essential role of international cooperation with shared partnership. The Lecture also identifies key problems and controversial issues that space astronomy and exploration will face in the 21st century.

  20. Jeans instability in collisional strongly coupled dusty plasma with radiative condensation and polarization force

    SciTech Connect

    Prajapati, R. P. Bhakta, S.; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2016-05-15

    The influence of dust-neutral collisions, polarization force, and electron radiative condensation is analysed on the Jeans (gravitational) instability of partially ionized strongly coupled dusty plasma (SCDP) using linear perturbation (normal mode) analysis. The Boltzmann distributed ions, dynamics of inertialess electrons, charged dust and neutral particles are considered. Using the plane wave solutions, a general dispersion relation is derived which is modified due to the presence of dust-neutral collisions, strong coupling effect, polarization force, electron radiative condensation, and Jeans dust/neutral frequencies. In the long wavelength perturbations, the Jeans instability criterion depends upon strong coupling effect, polarization interaction parameter, and thermal loss, but it is independent of dust-neutral collision frequency. The stability of the considered configuration is analysed using the Routh–Hurwitz criterion. The growth rates of Jeans instability are illustrated, and stabilizing influence of viscoelasticity and dust-neutral collision frequency while destabilizing effect of electron radiative condensation, polarization force, and Jeans dust-neutral frequency ratio is observed. This work is applied to understand the gravitational collapse of SCDP with dust-neutral collisions.

  1. Kinetic Jeans instability and nonlinear damping of electromagnetic waves in self gravitating dusty plasma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rozina, Ch.; Tsintsadze, N. L.; Madiha, M.; Zeba, I.

    2017-05-01

    A kinetic theory of the Jeans instability of a self gravitating dusty plasma has been developed in the presence of nonlinear Landau damping (NLD) term. We demonstrate that NLD alters the growth rate of the gravitational collapse of the gravitating dusty plasma. The dispersion relation of modified Jeans instability is obtained and analyzed for specific conditions. Jeans frequency is compared with the dust acoustic frequency; new definition of Jeans wave length is introduced. The maximum growth rate is obtained for a particular condition as well as the Jeans critical mass is defined. Next to address the heating of plasma through radiation processes, we investigate the nonlinear theory of high frequency electromagnetic waves (EMWs) in a collisionless dusty plasma by using a set of Vlasov-Poisson equations. The effects of the nonlocal nonlinear Landau term (appearing due to the nonlinear interaction of EMWs with gravitating dusty plasma) in the nonlinear Schrödinger equation are examined. It is found that nonlinear Landau damping of EMWs leads to transfer of effective energy to the plasma particles, the corresponding decay rate of EMWs appears to be a function of amplitude of electromagnetic pump waves, and damping can be faster in the presence of large ion number density.

  2. The Jeans modeling of the Milky Way galaxy: implications of the kinematics of the stellar halo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samurović, S.; Lalović, A.

    2011-07-01

    Aims: We investigate the predictions of Newtonian dynamics and the MOND theory related to the Milky Way galaxy using the Jeans equation. Methods: We used the measurements of the radial velocities of the blue horizontal branch (BHB) halo stars to test the predictions of Newtonian gravity and to also extend our study to different MOND models, taking orbital anisotropies that we calculate into account. Results: The halo stars of the Galaxy were used as a tracer of the Galaxy's gravitational potential. The Jeans equation was calculated for both the Newtonian and the MOND approaches. We assumed spherical symmetry and calculated the Jeans equation by taking orbital anisotropies into account. Circular velocities for both approaches were also analyzed. Conclusions: We solved the Jeans equation in spherical approximation and confirm that the Newtonian model without dark matter cannot fit the observed velocity dispersion profile and that the truncated flat model with dark matter can provide a good fit to the observed velocity dispersion. For the MOND models, from the Jeans modeling and the models of the circular velocity curves, we found that two models can provide a fit to the data without significant anisotropies whereas two other tested models need various anisotropies to obtain the same result.

  3. EAARL Topography - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve 2006

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John C.; Wright, C. Wayne; Segura, Martha; Yates, Xan

    2008-01-01

    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived first surface (FS) and bare earth (BE) topography were produced as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in Louisiana, acquired on September 22, 2006. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative airborne Lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) Lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive Lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multi-spectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for submeter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a Lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system

  4. BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sterken, C.; Verhas, P.

    2002-12-01

    This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions in Belgium and France, and the abolition of slavery in the United States. The biography clearly shows that this hard-working man was driven by science and justice, by individualism and generosity, by humor and sentiment. The book is divided in four parts, each part is placed in its own historical context. The first part "The apprentice, the master and his disciples" describes Houzeau's childhood and young years, his early scientific career at the Observatory in Brussels, and his relationship with Adolphe Quetelet. The evolution of this relationship is very well documented: the turbulent revolutionary Houzeau versus cool, moderated and diplomatic royalist Quetelet, the observer versus the mathematician theorist. But both were very dedicated teachers: Quetelet established public courses and after the Revolution of 1830 he contributed to the foundation of the University of Brussels; Houzeau was the peripatetic teacher wherever place he was, also after his return to Belgium. The second part is "The politician" and deals with Houzeau's political ideas and revolutionary attitudes and their consequences. His revolutionary ideas, though, were not confined to politics only: he also severely criticised the paucity of high-precision observations collected at the Royal Observatory in his days. Because he participated at revolutionary meetings, Houzeau was fired from his position at the Observatory by the Minister of Interior Affairs Charles Rogier. Thus started his peripathetic life, covering observational work in astronomy, geography, geodesy and natural sciences in many places in Belgium and abroad. The third

  5. Jeans instability of a monatomic gas in the presence of thermal radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, A.; Sutar, D. L.; Pensia, R. K.

    2017-05-01

    The Jeans instability in magneto-radiative gas dynamics [MRGD] is discussed in the framework of magneto-gas dynamics [MGD] incorporating rotation and viscosity of the medium. The system of the present problem is assumed to adopt the Landau and Lifshitz model. The dispersion relation is obtained with the help of linearized perturbation equations. We find that the Jeans condition remains valid but the expression of the critical Jeans wave number is modified. Owing to the inclusion of radiative effect the sound speed changes which means that the critical wavelength depends on the amount of rate of radiation. We hope that our discussion on the present problem will help to improve our knowledge of interstellar medium [ISM].

  6. Effect of quantum correction and black body radiation on Jeans instability of porous medium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sutar, D. L.; Pensia, R. K.

    2017-05-01

    The Jeans instability of self-gravitating gaseous plasma is re-discussed in the framework of viscous, self-gravitating porous medium under the influence of quantum correction and black body radiation. The mathematical solution of the problem has been obtained through the normal mode analysis and the dispersion relation has been derived with the help of linearized perturbation equations. It is found that quantum corrections and black body radiation modify the fundamental Jeans criterion of gravitational instability and a new instability quantum corrected radiative instability is found. It is pointed here that the role of quantum correction is to stabilize the considered system by decreasing the value of critical Jeans wave-length. The stability of the system is discussed by applying Rought-Hurwitz criteria.

  7. Jeans instability of self gravitating partially ionized Hall plasma with radiative heat loss functions and porosity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaothekar, Sachin; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2013-06-01

    The Jeans instability of partially ionized self gravitating plasma is discussed to investigate the effect of the Hall current, radiative heat-loss function, thermal conductivity, collision frequency of neutrals, porosity, finite electrical resistivity and viscosity for the formation of stars in HI and HII regions. The standard Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) set of equations is used for the present configuration with radiative heat-loss function and thermal conductivity. A general dispersion relation is obtained from perturbation equations using the normal mode analysis method. We find that the Jeans condition of self-gravitational instability is modified due to the presence of neutral particle, radiative heat-loss functions and thermal conductivity. Presence of Hall current, porosity and collision frequency have no effect on Jeans criterion.

  8. Design jeans for recycling: a supply chain case study in The Netherlands.

    PubMed

    van Bommel, Harrie; Goorhuis, Maarten

    2014-11-01

    Because the insight is raising that waste prevention needs an integral product chain approach, a product chain project was awarded with an International Solid Waste Association grant. The project decided to focus on jeans because of the large environmental impacts of cotton and the low recycling rates. The project used an open innovative approach by involving many actors from the different phases of the chain and included student and applied researchers. In a 'design jeans for recycling' students' workshop, prototypes of jeans that are easier to recycle have been developed. Integrating the new generation from different disciplines in the project proved to be very successful. The results show that an open innovation process can lead to very creative ideas and that lessons learned from this project could be used to develop new chain projects for other products. An important condition is that key actors are willing to cooperate in an open innovation approach. © The Author(s) 2014.

  9. Instability of the Rayleigh-Jeans spectrum in weak wave turbulence theory.

    PubMed

    Escobedo, Miguel; Valle, Manuel A

    2009-06-01

    We study the four-wave kinetic equation of weak turbulence linearized around the Rayleigh-Jeans spectrum when the collision integral is associated with short-range interactions between nonrelativistic bosonic quasiparticles. The technique used for the analysis of the stability is based on the properties of the Mellin transform of the kernel in the integral equation. We find that any perturbation of the Rayleigh-Jeans distribution evolves toward low-momentum scales in such a form that when t-->infinity, all the particles occupy a sphere of radius arbitrary small.

  10. Probes into the Actuality of Fantasy: Jean Epstein's "La Chute de la Maison Usher."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harpole, Charles H.

    "La Chute de la Maison Usher" is a film adaptation by Jean Epstein of two stories by Edgar Allan Poe, "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "The Oval Portrait." This film was typical of Epstein's artistic preoccupation with the ambivalence of reality as expressed in fantasy or surrealism, in qualities of movement, and…

  11. Can You Hear Me Now? Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Listening Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laverty, Megan J.

    2011-01-01

    In this essay Megan J. Laverty argues that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's conception of humane communication and his proposal for teaching it have implications for our understanding of the role of listening in education. She develops this argument through a close reading of Rousseau's most substantial work on education, "Emile: Or, On Education". Laverty…

  12. A Portrait of the Teacher as Friend and Artist: The Example of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEwan, Hunter

    2011-01-01

    The following is a reflection on the possibility of teaching by example, and especially as the idea of teaching by example is developed in the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. My thesis is that Rousseau created a literary version of himself in his writings as an embodiment of his philosophy, rather in the same way and with the same purpose that…

  13. The Autodidact in Defense of Himself: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Knut Hamsun.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buttry, Dolores

    1980-01-01

    Describes Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Knut Hamsun as self-educated men who never ceased to warn of the evils of formal education. Quoting from their works, considers their feelings toward education as revealed in Rousseau's "Emile," with its description of ideal education, and in the ill effects of education on Hamsun's characters. (AYC)

  14. Jean-Jacques Rousseau among the Footnotes: Mapping Interdisciplinary Research in Social Science Citation Index.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herubel, Jean-Pierre V. M.; Buchanan, Anne L.

    1994-01-01

    Examination of citations indexed in Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) reveals salient patterns which can be helpful in determining interdisciplinarity and/or disciplinarity. Collection development efforts can be enhanced by examination of citation patterns of published research related to a classical social science author such as Jean-Jacques…

  15. The Role of Trustworthiness in Teaching: An Examination of "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Michael S.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the role that trustworthiness plays in the ability of teachers to function as moral role models. Through exploration of Muriel Spark's novel, "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie," I explain some of the central features of trustworthiness as a moral virtue and suggest how these features are critical…

  16. A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Similarities in the Lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pass, Susan

    This paper focuses on similarities in the lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky to enlighten study of their pedagogies and to provide some information for current classroom techniques. Neither man had a great deal to say about his early life, although Piaget published an autobiography. A number of primary sources were used to construct the…

  17. A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Origin of Their Ideas of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pass, Susan

    This paper compares the early life, background, and education of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. It makes the case that an adaptation of the curve developed by C. Quigley can be used to trace the motivations of both Piaget and Vygotsky in creating their respective theories. The analysis also reveals the adversity that each man faced. Although they…

  18. Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leavitt, Frank

    1999-01-01

    It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)

  19. Rhetoric in Group Action: A Theory of Social Movements from Jean-Paul Sartre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warnick, Barbara

    The implications of a social movement theory advanced by Jean-Paul Sartre in his "Critique of Dialectical Reason" is examined in this paper. The paper notes that unlike sociologists and rhetoricians who have stressed the psychology of movement adherents, the reasons for movement formation, or the movement's interaction with power agents,…

  20. A Portrait of the Teacher as Friend and Artist: The Example of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEwan, Hunter

    2011-01-01

    The following is a reflection on the possibility of teaching by example, and especially as the idea of teaching by example is developed in the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. My thesis is that Rousseau created a literary version of himself in his writings as an embodiment of his philosophy, rather in the same way and with the same purpose that…

  1. Can You Hear Me Now? Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Listening Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laverty, Megan J.

    2011-01-01

    In this essay Megan J. Laverty argues that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's conception of humane communication and his proposal for teaching it have implications for our understanding of the role of listening in education. She develops this argument through a close reading of Rousseau's most substantial work on education, "Emile: Or, On Education". Laverty…

  2. A Response to "Boarding School in a Canadian Context," by Jean Barman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Raises issues concerning boarding schools in response to Jean Barman's critique of "Boarding Schools and the Moral Community." (See JC 502 949 and JC 502 950). Discusses influences on the boarding school tradition, the liberal orientation of parents of boarding school students, boarding school purposes, and the variation that exists…

  3. Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leavitt, Frank

    1999-01-01

    It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)

  4. A Return to Love in William James and Jean-Luc Marion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rocha, Samuel

    2009-01-01

    In this essay Samuel Rocha primarily addresses, and challenges, the modern conception of reason and the lowly place of intuition, feeling, and love in what has become traditional philosophy and education. Drawing upon the rich thought of William James and Jean-Luc Marion, Rocha introduces the reader to a certain harmony between their ideas, most…

  5. The Semantics of Cross-Examination: A Case Study of the Jean Harris Trial.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuetz, Janice

    Use of communication theory in an analysis of the court proceedings of the Jean Harris murder trial suggests that Harris contributed to her conviction with her inconsistent use of language and her refusal to remain in low-profile. Harris' defense attorney attempted to portray her as an upstanding, well-bred member of the community, and as a…

  6. A Study of Displacement in Jean Rhys' Novel "Wide Sargasso Sea"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jamal, Inna Malissa bte Che; Singh, Hardev Kaur A/P Jujar; Mani, Manimangai

    2014-01-01

    "Wide Sargasso Sea," by Jean Rhys, is a novel filled with tragedy; two characters in conflict meet in circumstances not in their best interests but rather for other people. This novel is an illustration of the mad woman in the novel "Jane Eyre," by Charlotte Bronte, as the story of her life before madness is told in the novel…

  7. Jean Vigo's "Zéro De Conduite" and the Spaces of Revolt

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanobbergen, Bruno; Grosvenor, Ian; Simon, Frank

    2014-01-01

    In this article we will contribute to the contemporary theoretical debate about film by considering, from a history-of-education perspective, the film "Zéro de conduite" by Jean Vigo (1905--1934). This film is classified under the umbrella of "poetic realism": a product of "cinéma de gauche" and an avant-gardist,…

  8. The Enunciation of the Subject: Sharing Jean-Luc Nancy's Singular Plural in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    This article seeks to explore the implications of Jean-Luc Nancy's reading of the subject for educational philosophy by connecting his re-interpretation of Descartes to his later thinking on what he names the ontological singular plural. Nancy's re-imagining of the Cogito coalesces around the figure of the mouth ("la bouche") through…

  9. Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy in white room on launch pad 39B

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    In the white room at Launch Pad 39B, STS-66 mission specialist Jean-Francois Clervoy is assisted with his partial pressure launch/entry suit by close-out crew members Travis Thompson and Danny Wyatt (background) before entering the Space Shuttle Atlantis for its November 3 launch.

  10. Documenting Reproduction and Inequality: Revisiting Jean Anyon's "Social Class and School Knowledge"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luke, Allan

    2010-01-01

    Jean Anyon's (1981) "Social Class and School Knowledge" was a landmark work in North American educational research. It provided a richly detailed qualitative description of differential, social class-based constructions of knowledge and epistemological stance. This essay situates Anyon's work in two parallel traditions of critical educational…

  11. Jean-Martin Charcot's Role in the 19th Century Study of Music Aphasia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Julene K.; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his "Friday…

  12. Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner: Stages of Child Development and Implications for Pedagogy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginsburg, Iona H.

    1982-01-01

    The views of Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner concerning children's stages of development are compared and related to present-day instructional practices used in the Waldorf schools, which employ Steiner's ideas. Educational principles and practices used at the elementary school level are discussed. (PP)

  13. Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner: Stages of Child Development and Implications for Pedagogy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginsburg, Iona H.

    1982-01-01

    The views of Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner concerning children's stages of development are compared and related to present-day instructional practices used in the Waldorf schools, which employ Steiner's ideas. Educational principles and practices used at the elementary school level are discussed. (PP)

  14. Il transito di Mercurio osservato da Jean Gambart il 5 maggio 1832: analisi ed eliometria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sigismondi, Costantino

    2016-05-01

    Jean Gambart (1800-1836) observed the transit of Mercury in 1832 with a Dollond refractor of 67 mm at 100x under optimal meteo conditions and 1" of seeing. The contact times reported on Astron. Nach. 10, 259 (1832) are used to find the solar diameter -0.13'' lower than its standard value.

  15. [Jean Chièze (1898-1975), medical engraver and illustrator].

    PubMed

    Bouday, Etienne

    2010-01-01

    As an imaginative and sensitive woodcutter Jean Chièze illustrated more than 130 books and realised many draws, paintings and lithographs and about 2000 engravings. He took part in some editions about Rabelais, Hippocrates, Galen and Ambroise Paré.

  16. Jean-Martin Charcot's Role in the 19th Century Study of Music Aphasia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Julene K.; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his "Friday…

  17. Jean-Jacques Rousseau among the Footnotes: Mapping Interdisciplinary Research in Social Science Citation Index.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herubel, Jean-Pierre V. M.; Buchanan, Anne L.

    1994-01-01

    Examination of citations indexed in Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) reveals salient patterns which can be helpful in determining interdisciplinarity and/or disciplinarity. Collection development efforts can be enhanced by examination of citation patterns of published research related to a classical social science author such as Jean-Jacques…

  18. Documenting Reproduction and Inequality: Revisiting Jean Anyon's "Social Class and School Knowledge"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luke, Allan

    2010-01-01

    Jean Anyon's (1981) "Social Class and School Knowledge" was a landmark work in North American educational research. It provided a richly detailed qualitative description of differential, social class-based constructions of knowledge and epistemological stance. This essay situates Anyon's work in two parallel traditions of critical educational…

  19. A Return to Love in William James and Jean-Luc Marion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rocha, Samuel

    2009-01-01

    In this essay Samuel Rocha primarily addresses, and challenges, the modern conception of reason and the lowly place of intuition, feeling, and love in what has become traditional philosophy and education. Drawing upon the rich thought of William James and Jean-Luc Marion, Rocha introduces the reader to a certain harmony between their ideas, most…

  20. New employee strategies pay off. Identity crisis at Jeanes Hospital gives way to a new day.

    PubMed

    Botvin, Judith D

    2002-01-01

    A new spirit is evident at Jeanes Hospital in Philadelphia, where morale had slumped following the combination of the 128-year old Quaker-based institution with the Temple University Health System. The key is a new CEO with a passion for open communication, honest messaging and consistent follow-up.

  1. The Right College: As Comfortable as Your Favorite Pair of Jeans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Elizabeth Jean

    2009-01-01

    There is one thing on every shopping list that any student will be sure to choose accurately: the perfect pair of jeans. Indeed, this ubiquitous wardrobe staple is an important purchase requiring a variety of considerations, many of which correspond to another even more significant decision most students will make in the coming weeks, months or…

  2. The Role of Trustworthiness in Teaching: An Examination of "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Michael S.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the role that trustworthiness plays in the ability of teachers to function as moral role models. Through exploration of Muriel Spark's novel, "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie," I explain some of the central features of trustworthiness as a moral virtue and suggest how these features are critical…

  3. An Interview with Mark Ahlness and Jean Carmody about the Earth Day Groceries Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strangman, Nicole

    2002-01-01

    Outlines an interview with Mark Ahlness, a third-grade teacher at Arbor Heights Elementary School in Seattle, Washington, and Jean Carmody, an art teacher at two elementary schools in Cranston, Rhode Island. Describes their collaborative project called the Earth Day Groceries Project. Explains that in this Internet project, students decorate…

  4. Rhetoric in Group Action: A Theory of Social Movements from Jean-Paul Sartre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warnick, Barbara

    The implications of a social movement theory advanced by Jean-Paul Sartre in his "Critique of Dialectical Reason" is examined in this paper. The paper notes that unlike sociologists and rhetoricians who have stressed the psychology of movement adherents, the reasons for movement formation, or the movement's interaction with power agents,…

  5. The Enunciation of the Subject: Sharing Jean-Luc Nancy's Singular Plural in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    This article seeks to explore the implications of Jean-Luc Nancy's reading of the subject for educational philosophy by connecting his re-interpretation of Descartes to his later thinking on what he names the ontological singular plural. Nancy's re-imagining of the Cogito coalesces around the figure of the mouth ("la bouche") through…

  6. Ensaio de Pedagogia Comparada: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) (Essay on Compared Pedagogy: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fontanella, Francisco Cock

    2000-01-01

    Finds that, although the thought of Jean Jacques Rousseau is frequently cited as an influence on Immanuel Kant, this has no basis regarding pedagogical influence. Compares the "Projecto" and "Emilio" of Rousseau with Kant's "Pedagogia." (BT)

  7. Ensaio de Pedagogia Comparada: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) (Essay on Compared Pedagogy: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fontanella, Francisco Cock

    2000-01-01

    Finds that, although the thought of Jean Jacques Rousseau is frequently cited as an influence on Immanuel Kant, this has no basis regarding pedagogical influence. Compares the "Projecto" and "Emilio" of Rousseau with Kant's "Pedagogia." (BT)

  8. Effect of rotation on Jeans instability of magnetized radiative quantum plasma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joshi, H.; Pensia, R. K.

    2017-03-01

    The influence of rotation on the Jeans instability of homogeneous magnetized radiative quantum plasma is investigated. The basic equations of the problem are constructed and linearized by using the Quantum Magnetohydrodynamics (QMHD) model. The general dispersion relation is obtained by using the normal mode analysis technique, which is reduced for both the transverse and the longitudinal mode of propagations and further it is reduced for the axis of rotation parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field. We found that the stabilizing effects of rotation are decreases for a strong magnetic field which is shown in the graphical representation. We also found that the quantum correction modified the condition of Jeans instability in both modes of propagation. The stabilizing effect of rotation is more increased in the presence of quantum correction.

  9. Two Schemes of Intellectual Development: A Comparison of Development as Defined by William Perry and Jean Piaget.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Bruce; And Others

    1986-01-01

    A comparison of the theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry (using individual interviews with college students) shows that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development. (JN)

  10. Lightcurves for 1560 Strattonia, 1928 Summa, 2763 Jeans, 3478 Fanale, 3948 Bohr, 5275 Zdislava, and 5369 Virgiugum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Owings, Larry E.

    2013-04-01

    Lightcurve observations have yielded period determinations for the following asteroids: 1560 Strattonia, 1928 Summa, 2763 Jeans, 3478 Fanale, 3948 Bohr, 5275 Zdislava, and 5369 Viriugum. In addition, HG values were found for 3948 Bohr and 5369 Viriugum.

  11. Two Schemes of Intellectual Development: A Comparison of Development as Defined by William Perry and Jean Piaget.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Bruce; And Others

    1986-01-01

    A comparison of the theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry (using individual interviews with college students) shows that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development. (JN)

  12. Jean C. Zenklusen, M.S., Ph.D., Discusses the NCI Genomics Data Commons at AACR 2014 - TCGA

    Cancer.gov

    At the AACR 2014 meeting, Dr. Jean C. Zenklusen, Director of The Cancer Genome Atlas Program Office, highlights the Genomics Data Commons, a harmonized data repository that will allow simultaneous access and analysis of NCI genomics data, including The Ca

  13. Jean Piaget's experiences on the couch: some clues to a mystery.

    PubMed

    Schepeler, E M

    1993-04-01

    This paper is an attempt to reconstruct the historical, institutional, and personal circumstances leading to and surrounding Jean Piaget's psychoanalysis with Sabina Spielrein. It appears that the young Piaget's interest in psychoanalysis largely emanated from his long-standing problems with his mother. It is suggested that Piaget's lifelong tendency to intellectualise his own emotional experiences may relate to the near omission of affective factors in his psychological theories.

  14. Birth distribution in cystic fibrosis in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, Quebec, Canada.

    PubMed

    Daigneault, J; Aubin, G; Simard, F; De Braekeleer, M

    1991-09-01

    Although a seasonal trend in the birth distribution has been reported in cystic fibrosis (CF), this finding is still very controversial. The birth distribution of 113 patients with cystic fibrosis born in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (complete ascertainment) was analysed using two different statistical methods. Our results showed no monthly or seasonal birth variation. It is likely that a bias owing to incomplete ascertainment might explain why some previous studies found a seasonal trend in the birth distribution of cystic fibrosis.

  15. d'Alembert, Jean-Baptiste Le Rond (1717-83)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    French mathematician, born in Paris. A foundling, he was named after the place where he was left, the church of St Jean Baptiste de Rond. He published d'Alembert's principle (the principle that the action of a force produces an equal and opposite reaction in the mass that it is accelerating) in Traité de Dynamique (1743), which was a new interpretation of Newton's dynamics. He used his new formul...

  16. STS-84 M.S. Jean-Francois Clervoy suits up

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    Assisted by suit technicians and others in the Operations and Checkout Building, STS-84 Mission Specialist Jean-Francois Clervoy dons his launch and entry suit during final prelaunch preparations. Clervoy is an astronaut with the European Space Agency. This will his second Space Shuttle flight. Clervoy and six other crew members will depart shortly for Launch Pad 39A, where the Space Shuttle Atlantis awaits liftoff on a mission to dock with the Russian Space Station Mir.

  17. Profiles of international archives: Les archives Jean Piaget, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

    PubMed

    Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

    2013-05-01

    This research report provides a look behind closed doors at the Jean Piaget Archives in Geneva, Switzerland. It situates the potential visitor, contextualizes the Archives in its own history, and then describes what scholars can expect to find. New details about Piaget's views on Equal Rights and Equal Pay are also provided, including a look at how they affected the women who worked his factory (esp. Bärbel Inhelder). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  18. The pursuit of being in the life and thought of Jean-Paul Sartre.

    PubMed

    Atwood, G E

    1983-01-01

    This paper has examined the relationship between the life and the thought of Jean-Paul Sartre. The central themes of Sartre's personal existence are shown to revolve around a struggle for self-definition and self-formation, rooted in the empathic failures of significant others during his formative years. It is argued that Sartre's experience of this struggle is mirrored and symbolized by the dialectic of being and nothingness which constitutes the central preoccupation of his philosophy.

  19. 'Bataille's boys': postmodernity, Fascists and football fans.

    PubMed

    Smith, T

    2000-09-01

    In his analysis of football hooliganism, Anthony King claims to reveal the historical, conceptual scheme young, male supporters draw upon. This 'masculine vision', he states, is similar to that held by the Freikorps. Both groups are said to adhere to modernist notions of masculinity, sexuality and nationhood, reinforced by rituals which maintain boundaries between these 'proper' males and deviant 'others'. Occasionally, football hooligans breach these boundaries in acts of postmodern transgression. King also claims that fans link sex and violence in their imaginations. In this response I examine King's critique of his fellow theorists; challenge his 'Freikorps-Fans' analogy; demonstrate the problem he has in establishing the sex-violence link and question the relevance of his concept of postmodernity.

  20. Marshal Jean Lannes in the Battles of Saalfeld, Pultusk, and Friedland, 1806 to 1807: The Application of Combined Arms in the Opening Battle

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-03

    AD-A284 591 MARSHAL JEAN LANNES IN THE BATTLES OF SAALFELD, PULTUSK, AND FRIEDLAND, 1806 TO 1807: THE APPLICATION OF COMBINED ARMS IN THE OPENING...3 Jun 94 Marshal Jean Lannes in the Battles of Saalfeld, Pultusk, and Friedland, 1806 to 1807: The Application of Combined Arms in the Opening Battle...UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED * :,j * .38 8; MARSHAL JEAN LANNES IN THE BATTLES OF SAALFELD, PULTUSK, AND FRIEDLAND, 1806 TO 1807: THE APPLICATION OF

  1. Jeans instability of inhomogeneous dusty plasma with polarization force, ionization and recombination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jain, Shweta; Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2017-05-01

    The self-gravitational Jeans instability has been studied in dusty plasma containing significant background of neutral pressure and recombination of ions and electrons on the dust surface. The full dynamics of charged dust grains, ions and neutral species are employed considering the electrons as Maxwellian. We have derived the general dispersion relation for collisional dusty plasma with ionization, recombination and polarization force. The general dispersion relation describes the effects of considered parameters which are solved in different dusty plasma situations. Further, the dispersion relation is solved numerically. The present work is applicable to understand the structure formation of interstellar molecular clouds in astrophysical plasma.

  2. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, and payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier,

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, and payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), insert a test container into the Bubble Drop Particle Unit (BDPU) in the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) Science Module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia. The fluid in the chamber is heated and the fluid processes are observed by use of three internal cameras mounted inside the BDPU. Investigations in this facility will help characterize interfacial processes involving either bubbles, drops, liquid columns or liquid layers.

  3. A comparison between John Dewey's theory of inquiry and Jean Piaget's genetic analysis of intelligence.

    PubMed

    Seltzer, E

    1977-06-01

    This article compares John Dewey's theory of inquiry with Jean Piaget's analysis of the mechanisms implied in the increase of knowledge. The sources for this paper are Dewey's studies on logic and the theory of inquiry and Piaget's historical-critical and psychogenetic investigations. Three major conclusions result from the comparison: first, there are significant convergences between the two theories; second, Piaget's developmental analysis makes explicit what is programmatic in Dewey's investigations; and, finally, Piaget is incorrect in characterizing Dewey's pragmatism as a method that does not meet the criteria of intelligent activity.

  4. Fertility in couples heterozygous for the tyrosinemia gene in Saguenay Lac-St-Jean.

    PubMed

    De Braekeleer, M; Lamarre, V; Scriver, C R; Larochelle, J; Bouchard, G

    1990-01-01

    A case-control study of 84 couples from Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, jointly heterozygous for the tyrosinemia gene, was done to determine whether the birth of an homozygous child affected their fertility rates. The mean number of children born to tyrosinemia and control couples between 1940 and 1986 was not different (p greater than 0.05). The knowledge that tyrosinemia was an autosomal recessive disorder, with risk of recurrence in these families, did not appear to modify reproductive behaviour. Fertility fell significantly in both the tyrosinemia and control families in the period of observation. This change reflects the decline in fertility of French Canadians in general during this period.

  5. [Jean-Jacques Lefrère: A miscarried ambition for blood safety in francophone Africa].

    PubMed

    Tayou Tagny, C; Laperche, S; Murphy, E

    2016-02-01

    The announcement of the death of Professor Jean-Jacques Lefrère caused considerable emotion and surprise within the francophone Africa blood transfusion research network. The group was created in 2007 in Paris. Each member that works within this group wanted to pay their last respects through dedicated publication for a brilliant researcher and writer. The tribute describes the creation of the group, its goals, its operations, its achievements and the prospects of its activities while emphasizing the essential role that Professor Lefrère played within the group.

  6. A tribute to Jean Lindenmann, co-discoverer of interferon (1924-2015).

    PubMed

    Haller, Otto

    2015-11-01

    In 1957, the discovery of interferon was reported by Isaacs and Lindenmann in the prestigious journal Proceedings of the Royal Society (1957) [1,2]. This discovery was definitely one of the scientific landmarks in cell biology of the past century. It was the result of an initially unplanned and amazingly creative collaboration with Alick Isaacs that lasted from July 1956 to June 1957 at Mill Hill in London. Jean Lindenmann died in Zürich on January 15, 2015, at the age of 90, after having survived Alick Isaacs (1921-1967) for almost five decades. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), holds up a test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), holds up a test container to a Spacelab camera. The test involves the Bubble Drop Particle Unit (BDPU), which Favier is showing to ground controllers at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in order to check the condition of the unit prior to heating in the BDPU facility. The test container holds experimental fluid and allows experiment observation through optical windows. BDPU contains three internal cameras that are used to continuously downlink BDPU activity so that behavior of the bubbles can be monitored. Astronaut Richard M. Linnehan, mission specialist, conducts biomedical testing in the background.

  8. Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), and astronaut

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), and astronaut Kevin R. Kregel, pilot, perform a successful Inflight Maintenance (IFM) on the Bubble Drop Particle Unit (BDPU). The IFM technique was performed initially on the ground at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) by alternate payload specialist Pedro Duque of the European Space Agency (ESA), with the procedure being recorded on video and uplinked to the crew of the Space Shuttle Columbia to aid in the repair.

  9. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, and payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier,

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, and payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), insert a test container into the Bubble Drop Particle Unit (BDPU) in the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) Science Module aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia. The fluid in the chamber is heated and the fluid processes are observed by use of three internal cameras mounted inside the BDPU. Investigations in this facility will help characterize interfacial processes involving either bubbles, drops, liquid columns or liquid layers.

  10. From poolside, astronaut candidates Jean-Francois Clervoy (left) and Koichi Wakata watch as an

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    1992 ASCAN TRAINING --- From poolside, astronaut candidates Jean-Francois Clervoy (left) and Koichi Wakata watch as an instructor (out of view) conducts a demonstration during a water survival training course at the Pensacola Naval Air Station in Florida. Clervoy (European Space Agency) and Wakata (Japan's National Space Development Agency) are among seven international mission specialist candidates who joined 19 United States astronaut candidates for the three-day parachute/survival training school at the Oklahoma Base. EDITORS NOTE: Since this photograph was taken, Clervoy has been named as mission specialist for STS-66 and Wakata has assigned duty as mission specialist for the STS-72 mission.

  11. Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard (1842-1910): his life and contributions to neuroanatomy.

    PubMed

    Loukas, Marios; Shea, Misha; Shea, Cory; Lutter-Hoppenheim, Martine; Zand, Paula; Tubbs, R Shane; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2010-06-01

    One hundred years after his death, Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard's name endures in the medical literature primarily because of his work on the anastomotic veins of the cerebral circulation. Specifically, and known to all neurosurgeons, the great anastomotic vein, or the vein of Trolard, underscores a portion of Trolard's contribution to neuroanatomy. The country of Algeria has also remembered this influential colonist because of his life's work as a physician, professor, humanitarian, environmentalist, and French nationalist. Trolard fought deforestation, injustice, epidemics, and bureaucracy in northern Africa and tragically died in the midst of these struggles. In this historical vignette, the authors review the life and contributions of this pioneer of early neuroanatomy.

  12. Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy in white room on launch pad 39B

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1994-11-03

    STS066-S-003 (3 November 1994) --- In the white room at Launch Pad 39B, Jean-Francois Clervoy, mission specialist representing European Space Agency (ESA), is assisted with his partial pressure launch/entry suit (LES) by close-out crew members Travis Thompson and Danny Wyatt (background). At noon on November 3, 1994, the ESA astronaut joined five NASA astronauts for launch aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis. The six astronauts went on to spend 11-days in Earth-orbit in support of the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-3) mission.

  13. Seduction and the vicissitudes of translation: the work of Jean Laplanche.

    PubMed

    Fletcher, John

    2007-10-01

    This paper aims to analyze Jean Laplanche's revision of Freudian metapsychology, which emerged from a critical return to Freud's officially abandoned seduction theory of 1895-1897. Where Freud gradually replaced the model of traumatic seduction with a theory of infantile sexuality and its drives, Laplanche articulates both trauma and sexual drive in a new theory of primal seduction, the fundamental anthropological situation in which human subjectivity is formed. The author concludes by considering Laplanche's modeling of the psychoanalytic situation and his reformulation of transference in relation to mourning and sublimation within the framework of the general theory of seduction.

  14. [Jean-Louis-Paul Denucé (1824-1889): A forgotten pioneer of plastic surgery].

    PubMed

    Marck, K W; Martin, D

    2016-02-01

    The authors propose to define as main characterization of plastic reconstructive surgery the conceptual thinking that leads to a rational choice of an operative treatment. Conceptual thinking in plastic surgery started halfway the nineteenth century with the first schematic representations of the operative procedures available at that time, in which Von Ammon and Baumgarten, Szymanowski and Denucé played a prominent role. These four authors and their works are presented with special attention for the less known of them, Jean-Paul Denucé, surgeon in Bordeaux.

  15. Water quality of the Barataria Unit; Jean Lafitte National Historical Park, Louisiana

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Garrison, Charles R.

    1982-01-01

    Surface-water samples were collected on a monthly basis for the period April 1981-March 1982 from six sites within the Barataria Marsh Unit of the Jean Lafitte National Historic Park, Louisiana. The sites were located on Bayou Segnette, Kenta Canal , and Millaudon Canal. Biological, chemical, and physical analyses were performed. Three of the sites were sampled quarterly for additional parameters including pesticides, metals , algal-growth potential, phytoplankton, benthic invertebrates, and grain size of bed material. The results of the analyses are presented without interpretation. (USGS)

  16. [Mural paintings of Jean Coquet at the Desgenette Hospital in Lyon].

    PubMed

    Chauvin, Frédéric; Fischer, Louis-Paul

    2010-01-01

    René Nicolas Dufriche Desgenettes (1762-1837) became famous through two historical events: the first and most famous one is where he proved his courage by inoculating himself with the plague during the Syrian campaign in 1799; the second one, rarely represented in paintings, happened during the Russian retreat in 1812 when he was freed thanks to his reputation. Two wide fresco paintings facing each other in the hall of Desgenettes, a hospital built during World War Two, are witnesses of these two major events. Jean Coquet (1907-1990), a decorator, painter and glassblower, who worked at the Beaux-Arts School of Lyon, first as a decoration teacher than as its director, painted these two works of art. In 1946, he inserted them into an ornamental group constituted of ironworks, furniture, stained glass and ceramics. Two paintings from Antoine-Jean Gros (1771-1835) inspired these works: Bonaparte visiting the plague-stricken of Jaffa (1804) and Napoleon on the battlefield of Eylau (1808). With their academic composition and daring stylization those two frescoes represent in a modern and original way Desgenettes' life style, an archetype of what the military doctor is.

  17. Inhibiting angiogenesis: interview with Dr Jean Plouët. Interview by Emma Quigley.

    PubMed

    Plouët, Jean

    2006-08-01

    Dr Jean Plouët (Centre de Recherche Cardiovasculaire, INSERM U 689/Institut des Vaisseaux et du Sang) was interviewed by Emma Quigley (Commissioning Editor, Expert Opinion) on 20th June 2006. Born in Brittany, France, Dr Jean Plouët received his MD degree from Nantes University in 1977 and his PhD in Molecular Biology from Paris VII University in 1981. His first research topic, under the supervision of Dr Courtois and Dr Barritault was devoted to the purification and the description of the mechanisms of action of eye-derived growth factor, which turned out to be the retinal fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2. He was appointed as Charge de Recherche by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in 1981. He later conducted his research on the effect of FGF-2 on light transduction and demonstrated the role of opsin phosphorylation on FGF-2 release from retinal discs in Dr Pouliquen's laboratory. From 1987 to 1989, Dr Plouët worked in the Cancer Research Institute at the University of California, San Francisco, in Dr Gospodarowicz's laboratory where he co-discovered vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) with Dr Napoleone Ferrara. He established his own group in Toulouse where he worked on the mechanisms of action of VEGF and vascular targeting by anti-idiotypoc antibodies against VEGF and FGF. In 2005, Dr Plouët moved to Paris where he now works mainly on endogenous inhibitors of angiogenesis acting downstream of VEGF.

  18. Exploring Cosmic Voids with GALEX: Stellar Populations and Primordial Jeans Mass Objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gregg, Michael

    This proposed research program will revolutionize the study of cosmic voids and their inhabitant galaxy populations. By combining archival GALEX photometry with SDSS data for thousands of galaxies in hundreds of voids, we will be able to characterize voids, void galaxies, and the formation and evolution of galaxies in the lowest density environments of the Universe. In addition, we propose to use the joint GALEX-SDSS database to search in several of the nearest cosmic voids for the original building blocks of galaxy formation: surviving Jeans mass primordial objects which formed right after recombination during the earliest stages of structure formation in the Universe. Our program will first characterize known void galaxies in the UV using the extensive GALEX NUV and FUV imaging archives. Adding GALEX UV photometry to SDSS optical enables estimating star formation rates and also separating stars from unresolved galaxies. Based on this effort, we will look for trends in galaxy properties with location within a void and with global void properties such as size and underdensity. We are particularly interested in identifying and characterizing the early type galaxy population in voids. While most void galaxies are blue, there do exist ellipticals in voids; comparison with ellipticals in denser regions will inform elliptical galaxy models in new ways, and teach us about the oldest and earliest stages of galaxy formation in voids. Early type galaxies are easy to miss in void redshift surveys, even with the comprehensive nature of SDSS, because most have relied on emission line searches or infrared excess. Our approach is fundamentally different, using an enhanced GALEX UV-optical selection technique which we have developed specifically for this work. A search for early type objects is necessary to fully understand void galaxy populations. In parallel, we will use our UV-optical selection technique to search for primordial Jeans mass sized objects in the nearest voids

  19. A Comparison of Workers Employed in Hazardous Jobs in Terms of Job Satisfaction, Perceived Job Risk and Stress: Turkish Jean Sandblasting Workers, Dock Workers, Factory Workers and Miners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sunal, Ayda Buyuksahin; Sunal, Onur; Yasin, Fatma

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare job satisfaction, perception of job risk, stress symptoms and vulnerability to stress of miners, dock workers, jean sandblasting workers and factory workers. A job satisfaction scale and stress audit scale were applied to 220 workers. Results revealed that dock and jean sandblasting workers perceived their…

  20. A Comparison of Workers Employed in Hazardous Jobs in Terms of Job Satisfaction, Perceived Job Risk and Stress: Turkish Jean Sandblasting Workers, Dock Workers, Factory Workers and Miners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sunal, Ayda Buyuksahin; Sunal, Onur; Yasin, Fatma

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare job satisfaction, perception of job risk, stress symptoms and vulnerability to stress of miners, dock workers, jean sandblasting workers and factory workers. A job satisfaction scale and stress audit scale were applied to 220 workers. Results revealed that dock and jean sandblasting workers perceived their…

  1. Psychology and Schooling: The Impact of Susan Isaacs and Jean Piaget on 1960s Science Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Jody S.

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the tensions between two psychological frameworks in the negotiation of teaching practices, curriculum, and ideas about what constitutes childhood: (1) the theories of Jean Piaget focused on behavior at different developmental stages; or (2) the Susan Isaacs research that took a general view of children's intellectual capabilities. (CMK)

  2. Elementary Teachers' Application of Jean Piaget's Theories of Cognitive Development during Social Studies Curriculum Debates in Arizona

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Perry, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    In this article we explore educators' use of Jean Piaget's theories concerning cognitive development to refute proposed social studies standards in Arizona. We describe the work of Piaget as well as the National Association for the Education of Young Children's developmentally appropriate practices as they apply to primary-grade children's…

  3. The Influence of Their Notions of Humanism on the Drama of Jean-Paul Sartre and Bertolt Brecht.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zivanovic, Judith

    The distinctive philosophies of Bertolt Brecht and Jean-Paul Sartre concerning man's existence directly influence their attitudes toward character, action, and the total drama. Both playwrights reveal that drama is an inseparable and reciprocal molding of content and form. The relationship between their ideas and their expressions of them is so…

  4. Richard Avedon's "In the American West" and Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existential Approach to Art and Value.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubiel, Richard M.

    1989-01-01

    Examines Richard Avedon's photographic exhibit "In the American West" both as a work of art and as an important link to contemporary philosophical thought, particularly that of Jean-Paul Sartre, through its depiction of the human condition. Notes that the exhibit used as a teaching resource engages students in questions concerning art…

  5. Psychology and Schooling: The Impact of Susan Isaacs and Jean Piaget on 1960s Science Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Jody S.

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the tensions between two psychological frameworks in the negotiation of teaching practices, curriculum, and ideas about what constitutes childhood: (1) the theories of Jean Piaget focused on behavior at different developmental stages; or (2) the Susan Isaacs research that took a general view of children's intellectual capabilities. (CMK)

  6. Elementary Teachers' Application of Jean Piaget's Theories of Cognitive Development during Social Studies Curriculum Debates in Arizona

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Perry, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    In this article we explore educators' use of Jean Piaget's theories concerning cognitive development to refute proposed social studies standards in Arizona. We describe the work of Piaget as well as the National Association for the Education of Young Children's developmentally appropriate practices as they apply to primary-grade children's…

  7. Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Adult Education and Revolution. Paradigma of Radical, Pedagogical Thought. 2nd Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dame, Frederick William

    This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations);…

  8. From Paris to Lyon, and from simple to complex liquids: a view on Jean-Pierre Hansen's contribution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barrat, Jean-Louis; Biben, Thierry; Bocquet, Lydéric

    2015-09-01

    We present a short perspective on some of the contributions made by Jean-Pierre Hansen to our theoretical understanding of soft matter static structure and dynamics, using the tools developed for simple liquids within the rigorous framework of statistical physics.

  9. Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Adult Education and Revolution. Paradigma of Radical, Pedagogical Thought. 2nd Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dame, Frederick William

    This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations);…

  10. Richard Avedon's "In the American West" and Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existential Approach to Art and Value.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubiel, Richard M.

    1989-01-01

    Examines Richard Avedon's photographic exhibit "In the American West" both as a work of art and as an important link to contemporary philosophical thought, particularly that of Jean-Paul Sartre, through its depiction of the human condition. Notes that the exhibit used as a teaching resource engages students in questions concerning art…

  11. The great surgeon Jean-Louis Faure (1863-1944) and his contribution in the treatment of uterine cancer.

    PubMed

    Karamanou, M; Saridaki, Z; Piagkou, M; Laios, K; Androutsos, G

    2013-01-01

    At the beginning of the 20th century, Professor Jean-Louis Faure, one of the leading surgeons of the innovative Parisian Medical School, published an exhaustive work on uterine cancer. He was the first to perform in France the procedure of total abdominal hysterectomy by median section of the uterus contributing to the evolution of cancer surgery.

  12. The French model at work: indication and the Jean Favreau Centre for Consultation and Treatment.

    PubMed

    Sparer, Ellen A

    2010-10-01

    The goal of this paper is to present the way in which an analyst trained in the French Model at the Paris Psychoanalytical Society and working at its policlinic, the Jean Favreau Centre for Consultation and Treatment (CCTP), approaches the question of indication. After a brief examination of Freud 's 1905 text on indication I will discuss certain concepts, such as representation and tertiary processes, which form the basis of our listening to today's patients. After presenting certain elements of the French Model I will then discuss a period which was a turning point in French psychoanalysis. Psychodrama, a psychoanalytically inspired treatment modality developed in France, which is useful when the capacity to represent is limited will be introduced. Two clinical illustrations of consultations at the CCTP will then follow. Copyright © 2010 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  13. Nutrient status of the lowbush blueberry, Lac-Saint-Jean area, Quebec, Canada. [Vaccinium angustifolium

    SciTech Connect

    Bouchard, A.R.; Gagnon, M.J.

    1987-01-01

    The lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.) is an important commercial crop of the Lac-Saint-Jean area (Quebec, Canada). The major blueberry fields are located on sandy soils relatively poor in available mineral nutrients. The nutrients originate from a thin organic layer found on the top of these sandy soils. The leaf mineral contents (N, P, K, Mg, Ca, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn and B) were measured in five blueberry fields during 1984 and 1985. Soil pH and soil available P, K, and Mg were also assessed. The results show that the leaf mineral contents are generally adequate. However, K and Zn might be occasionally deficient when compared to the actual established standards. The available Mg in soil was significantly correlated with the leaf Mg concentration. The data also suggest that the influence of the pH following the burn pruning seems to influence the nutrition of this species.

  14. Genealogy and geographical distribution of CFTR mutations in Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    PubMed

    De Braekeleer, M; Daigneault, J; Allard, C; Simard, F; Aubin, G

    1996-01-01

    Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ), a region located in northeastern Quebec, has a high incidence of cystic fibrosis (CF). During the past few years the majority of the CF patients have been genotyped. The geographical distribution of the birth places of the patients and obligate carriers of the 621 + 1G-->T, the A455E and the delta F508 mutations (which accounted for 89% of the CF chromosomes) showed differences that can be explained by some degree of isolation but also by differential migration. The mean inbreeding and kinship coefficients were higher among the various CFTR mutation groups than in the general population. An ancestor couple common to most of the A455E carriers was identified. These data further substantiate the role of founder effect in the CF population of SLSJ.

  15. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, measures the distance between Jean-Jacques Faviers head

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, measures the distance between Jean-Jacques Faviers head and the luminous torque, used for the Canal and Otolith Interaction Study (COIS) on the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) mission. Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), is one of two international payload specialists on the almost-17-day flight. This view shows the Voluntary Head Movement (VHM) segment of the experiment. The VHM is meant to characterize how the coordination of head of head and eye movement changes as a result of spaceflight. Since most vestibular functions are influenced by gravity, the COIS experiment is meant to measure response differences in microgravity.

  16. [Embracing Jean Watson's theory of Human Caring through a reflective practice within a clinical situation].

    PubMed

    Cara, Chantal; O'Reilly, Louise

    2008-12-01

    Essentially based on humanistic values of respect, collaboration, and uniqueness rather than on objectification, control, and categorization of the person cared-for, a professional's practice rooted in caring is aimed at helping individuals and their families, which can only be carried out through respect for human dignity. If we are to consider caring as the core of nursing, nurses will undoubtedly have to make a conscious effort to preserve human caring within their clinical practice (Cara, 2004b; O'Reilly, 2008, Watson, 2002). However, to support this endeavour, caring theories, such as the one proposed by Jean Watson, are essential. Inspired by Cara's (2003) continuing education paper, this reflection paper takes a pragmatic approach to promote the understanding of key elements involved in Watson's caring theory through a process of reflective practice within a rehabilitation clinical situation.

  17. The practice of nurses caring for families of pediatric inpatients in light of Jean Watson.

    PubMed

    Santos, Maiara Rodrigues Dos; Bousso, Regina Szylit; Vendramim, Patrícia; Baliza, Michelle Freire; Misko, Maira Deguer; Silva, Lucía

    2014-08-01

    Objective To know the facilities and the difficulties of nurses in caring practice of hospitalized children's families in the light of Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring. Method It was used the descriptive qualitative approach. The data collection was conducted in three stages: presentation of theoretical content; engagement with families in the light of Watson's theory; and semi-structured interview with 12 pediatric nurses. The interviews were analysed using inductive thematic analysis, being possible to form three themes: Recognizing a framework for care; Considering the institutional context; and Challenges in family's relationship. Results The theory favored reflections about self, about the institutions and about nurses' relationship with the family of the child, normalized by a consciousness toward caring attitudes. Conclusion In this process, it is imperative that nurses recognize the philosophical-theoretical foundations of care to attend the child's family in hospital.

  18. [The caring of family members in the intensive care units from the Jean Watson perspective].

    PubMed

    Vázquez Calatayud, M; Eseverri Azcoiti, M C

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a brief reflection on the caring of families in the Intensive Care Units. To address this issue, Jean Watson, one of the most important theoreticians on nursing of our days, has been taken as a reference. Watson was chosen because it is possible to understand perfectly the need to contemplate the family within the holistic care of critical patients from his theory. Thus, it is proposed to carry out an investigation that studies the care of the family members of the critical patient based on the idea of Watson's caring theory. To understand this approach, the theory of caring is analyzed and evaluated according to the guide produced by McEwen in 2007. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier España, S.L. y SEEIUC. All rights reserved.

  19. Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a sample for the Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) while wearing instruments that measure upper body movement. The Torso Rotation Experiment (TRE) complements other vestibular studies that measure differences in the way human beings react physically to their surroundings in microgravity. This is a typical Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) mission scene, with several experiments being performed. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, assists Favier in the AGHF preparations. Astronaut Richard M. Linnehan (bottom right), mission specialist, tests his muscle response with the Handgrip Dynamometer. Astronaut Thomas T. (Tom) Henricks (far background), mission commander, offers assistance.

  20. Genetic epidemiology of cystic fibrosis in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    PubMed

    Daigneault, J; Aubin, G; Simard, F; De Braekeleer, M

    1991-10-01

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder with a prevalence at birth estimated at 1/2000-1/2500 livebirths in Caucasian populations. Some 127 CF individuals are known in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ), a geographically isolated region of Quebec. The prevalence at birth was estimated at 1/902 live borns, and the carrier rate was estimated at 1/15 inhabitants in the SLSJ region. The mean inbreeding coefficient was only slightly elevated in the CF group compared with three control groups, and was due to remote consanguinity. The mean kinship coefficient was 2.4 times higher in the CF group than in the control groups. In SLSJ region, the places of origin of the CF individuals and their parents did not show a clustered nonuniform distribution. Endogamy was not higher in the CF group than in control groups.

  1. Population genetics of hereditary hemochromatosis in Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    PubMed

    de Braekeleer, M; Vigneault, A; Simard, H

    1992-01-01

    Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is an autosomal recessive disorder that has a high prevalence in Caucasian populations. Based on HLA typing in 18 families, the gene frequency was estimated 0.12. The homozygote frequency was 0.014 and the heterozygote frequency was 0.21 in Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ), a geographically isolated region of northeastern Quebec. The genealogical reconstruction showed that 15 of the 57 obligate carriers of the HH gene could be traced back to a unique ancestor in the 18th century. The mean coefficients of inbreeding and kinship were 17 and 15 times, respectively, higher in the HH group than in three control groups. The values of both coefficients were much higher than those found in other HH populations and in most of the other recessive disorders prevalent in SLSJ.

  2. Autosomal recessive disorders in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada): a study of inbreeding.

    PubMed

    De Braekeleer, M; Gauthier, S

    1996-01-01

    Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) is a geographically isolated region of northeastern Quebec in which several autosomal recessive disorders have a high incidence. We calculated the inbreeding coefficients of 567 probands and compared them to 1701 matched control individuals. The mean inbreeding coefficient of the group containing all 567 probands was 2.73 times higher than that of the controls (0.001772 versus 0.00065). Thirteen percent (75/567) of the probands were inbred, but only 5% were born to matings between spouses related as second-degree cousins or closer. No marriage between uncle and niece and only two marriages between first-degree cousins were identified in the disorder group. These results strongly suggest that the high incidence of the autosomal recessive disorders in SLSJ is the result of a founder effect.

  3. Infant mortality in myotonic dystrophy in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean: a historical perspective.

    PubMed

    Dao, T N; Mathieu, J; Bouchard, J P; De Braekeleer, M

    1993-01-01

    Infant mortality among children born to 373 individuals with myotonic dystrophy (MD) who lived in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean during the period 1838 to the present time was analyzed using a case-control approach based on a population register. A statistically significant increase was found in the rate of deaths during the first week of life among children born to MD mothers (57.5%) compared to control mothers (34.8%) and MD fathers (39.1%) (p < 0.01). The stillbirth rate was not increased. The rate of mortality after the first week fell significantly in both MD and control groups during the period of observation. There was evidence of a slight selective disadvantage among this MD population.

  4. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768).

    PubMed

    Cook, A

    2003-04-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau sold his botanical texts to Daniel Malthus (father of Thomas Malthus) about 1775. Two of these are now in the Old Library, Jesus College, Cambridge, but all the rest have long been thought lost. However, a copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768) in the Lindley Library, Royal Horticultural Society, London, bears Rousseau's name and seems to have been annotated by him. The volume contains the bookplate of Jane Dalton, a cousin to whom Malthus willed "all[his] Botanical Books in which the name of Rousseau is written". Haller was well-known to Rousseau, who while in exile in the Swiss Jura (1763-1765), studied under one of Haller's collaborators, Abraham Gagnebin. Rousseau cited Haller's entry 762 when describing a species of Seseli to the Duchess of Portland.

  5. [Jean-Jacques Rosseau the vitalist. The moralization of medical hygiene between diet and ethical food].

    PubMed

    Menin, Marco

    2012-01-01

    The historiographical prejudice that sees in Jean-Jacques Rousseau an implacable opponent of scientific knowledge has long prevented an objective evaluation of the important influence that medical thought exerted over his philosophy. The aim of this paper is to show not only Rousseau's familiarity with the most important expressions of eighteenth-century medical literature, but also his willingness to incorporate some medical suggestions in his philosophical and literary production. In the first part of this article, I try to show how Rousseau's sensibility theory presupposes precise medical ideals, related to Montpellier School of vitalism. In the second part, I stress how Rousseau's philosophy of alimentation (which has clear anthropological and political implications) can be regarded as a genuine application of an ambition typical of vitalism: to use medical hygiene, also and above all, for moral purpose.

  6. Errors from Rayleigh-Jeans approximation in satellite microwave radiometer calibration systems.

    PubMed

    Weng, Fuzhong; Zou, Xiaolei

    2013-01-20

    The advanced technology microwave sounder (ATMS) onboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) satellite is a total power radiometer and scans across the track within a range of ±52.77° from nadir. It has 22 channels and measures the microwave radiation at either quasi-vertical or quasi-horizontal polarization from the Earth's atmosphere. The ATMS sensor data record algorithm employed a commonly used two-point calibration equation that derives the earth-view brightness temperature directly from the counts and temperatures of warm target and cold space, and the earth-scene count. This equation is only valid under Rayleigh-Jeans (RJ) approximation. Impacts of RJ approximation on ATMS calibration biases are evaluated in this study. It is shown that the RJ approximation used in ATMS radiometric calibration results in errors on the order of 1-2 K. The error is also scene count dependent and increases with frequency.

  7. Rayleigh-Jeans Condensation of Pumped Magnons in Thin-Film Ferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Rückriegel, Andreas; Kopietz, Peter

    2015-10-09

    We show that the formation of a magnon condensate in thin ferromagnetic films can be explained within the framework of a classical stochastic non-Markovian Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation where the properties of the random magnetic field and the dissipation are determined by the underlying phonon dynamics. We have numerically solved this equation for a tangentially magnetized yttrium-iron garnet film in the presence of a parallel parametric pumping field. We obtain a complete description of all stages of the nonequilibrium time evolution of the magnon gas which is in excellent agreement with experiments. Our calculation proves that the experimentally observed condensation of magnons in yttrium-iron garnet at room temperature is a purely classical phenomenon which should be called Rayleigh-Jeans rather than Bose-Einstein condensation.

  8. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, measures the distance between Jean-Jacques Faviers head

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, measures the distance between Jean-Jacques Faviers head and the luminous torque, used for the Canal and Otolith Interaction Study (COIS) on the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) mission. Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), is one of two international payload specialists on the almost-17-day flight. This view shows the Voluntary Head Movement (VHM) segment of the experiment. The VHM is meant to characterize how the coordination of head of head and eye movement changes as a result of spaceflight. Since most vestibular functions are influenced by gravity, the COIS experiment is meant to measure response differences in microgravity.

  9. STS-103 Mission Specialist Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France at Pad 39B

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Mission Specialist Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France poses for a photograph at Launch Pad 39B during a meeting of STS-103 astronauts with family and friends. Clervoy is with the European Space Agency. The lights in the background are on the Fixed Service Structure next to Space Shuttle Discovery. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. The mission is expected to last about 8 days and 21 hours. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:25 p.m. EST.

  10. Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a sample for the Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) while wearing instruments that measure upper body movement. The Torso Rotation Experiment (TRE) complements other vestibular studies that measure differences in the way human beings react physically to their surroundings in microgravity. This is a typical Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) mission scene, with several experiments being performed. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, assists Favier in the AGHF preparations. Astronaut Richard M. Linnehan (bottom right), mission specialist, tests his muscle response with the Handgrip Dynamometer. Astronaut Thomas T. (Tom) Henricks (far background), mission commander, offers assistance.

  11. Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy in middeck during launch/entry training

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1994-06-23

    S94-40081 (23 June 1994) --- Wearing a training version of a partial pressure suit, Jean-Francois Clervoy, STS-66 international mission specialist, secures himself on a collapsible seat on the middeck of a Shuttle trainer during a rehearsal of procedures to be followed during launch and entry phases of his scheduled November flight. This rehearsal, held in the Crew Compartment Trainer (CCT) of the Johnson Space Center's (JSC) Shuttle Mockup and Integration Laboratory, was followed by a training session on emergency egress procedures. Clervoy, a European astronaut, will join five NASA astronauts for a week and a half aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis in Earth-orbit in support of the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-3).

  12. Climates as commodities: Jean Pierre Purry and the modelling of the best climate on Earth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jankovic, Vladimir

    The paper looks at how an early eighteenth-century climatological model of the 'best climate' on Earth became a platform for political, economic, and demographic action of extraordinary significance for the colonization of new commodity environments. It analyzes the science used by an early modern business adventurer to model 'climate' as an economic tool informing imperial governance and exploitation of local resources. Jean Pierre Purry's construction of 'model climate' portrayed North Carolina's township at Yamassee River as an ideal environment geared toward mercantilist principles of trade but also as a model community based on skilled labor and optimal climatic capital. His climatological analysis was a purposeful act of policy making based on a science of colonial expansion similar to more recent calls at economic modelling of future climate impact.

  13. Jean Marian Purdy remembered - the hidden life of an IVF pioneer.

    PubMed

    Gosden, Roger

    2017-09-07

    Jean Purdy is almost forgotten as one of the British trio that introduced clinical IVF to the world. An unlikely pioneer, she qualified as a nurse but through indefatigable effort and unstinting loyalty to a programme that faced vitriolic opposition she became the clinical embryologist for the first IVF baby. In 1980, she helped to launch fertility services as the 'Technical Director' of Bourn Hall Clinic, near Cambridge. Although Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe generously credited her role in research and clinical care, a premature death in 1985 at age 39 robbed her of the reward of witnessing the blossoming of assisted reproductive technologies for patients around the world. This commentary seeks to recognize her contribution and bring her name to the attention of professionals in reproductive medicine and the patients they care for.

  14. The Hawthorne experiments and the introduction of Jean Piaget in American industrial psychology, 1929-1932.

    PubMed

    Hsueh, Yeh

    2002-05-01

    The Hawthorne interview program between 1929 and 1932 was one of the most significant industrial studies in the United States. The Hawthorne researchers applied Jean Piaget's clinical method in their extensive interviews with tens of thousands of workers. Chiefly responsible for the program's methodology was Elton Mayo, an Australian who saw interviewing as a means to promote social cooperation. Previous discussions of the Hawthorne experiments have ignored the influence of Piaget in the social sciences. This article provides an account of Mayo's and the Hawthorne researchers' efforts to fuse Piaget's innovation with burgeoning American industrial psychology. The endeavor was not an isolated event but rather drew on the theories and practice of Janet-Piaget psychology, on the support of the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial Foundation, and on the discourse among social scientists about Piaget's work.

  15. A NEW METHOD TO DIRECTLY MEASURE THE JEANS SCALE OF THE INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM USING CLOSE QUASAR PAIRS

    SciTech Connect

    Rorai, Alberto; Hennawi, Joseph F.; White, Martin

    2013-10-01

    Although the baryons in the intergalactic medium (IGM) trace dark matter fluctuations on megaparsec scales, on smaller scales ∼100 kpc, fluctuations are suppressed because the finite temperature gas is pressure supported against gravity, analogous to the classical Jeans argument. This Jeans filtering scale, which quantifies the small-scale structure of the IGM, has fundamental cosmological implications. First, it provides a thermal record of heat injected by ultraviolet photons during cosmic reionization events, and thus constrains the thermal and reionization history of the universe. Second, the Jeans scale determines the clumpiness of the IGM, a critical ingredient in models of cosmic reionization. Third, it sets the minimum mass scale for gravitational collapse from the IGM, and hence plays a pivotal role in galaxy formation. Unfortunately, it is extremely challenging to measure the Jeans scale via the standard technique of analyzing purely longitudinal Lyα forest spectra, because the thermal Doppler broadening of absorption lines along the line-of-sight, is highly degenerate with Jeans smoothing. In this work, we show that the Jeans filtering scale can be directly measured by characterizing the coherence of correlated Lyα forest absorption in close quasar pairs, with separations small enough ∼100 kpc to resolve it. We present a novel technique for this purpose, based on the probability density function (PDF) of phase angle differences of homologous longitudinal Fourier modes in close quasar pair spectra. A Bayesian formalism is introduced based on the phase angle PDF, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques are used to characterize the precision of a hypothetical Jeans scale measurement, and explore degeneracies with other thermal parameters governing the IGM. A semi-analytical model of the Lyα forest is used to generate a large grid (500) of thermal models from a dark matter only simulation. Our full parameter study indicates that a realistic sample of

  16. STS-84 Mission Specialist Jean-Francois Clervoy in white room

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-84 Mission Specialist Jean- Francois Clervoy prepares to enter the Space Shuttle Atlantis at Launch Pad 39A with help from white room closeout crew members. The fourth Shuttle mission of 1997 will be the sixth docking of the Space Shuttle with the Russian Space Station Mir. The commander is Charles J. Precourt. The pilot is Eileen Marie Collins. The five mission specialists are C. Michael Foale, Carlos I. Noriega, Edward Tsang Lu, Jean-Francois Clervoy of the European Space Agency and Elena V. Kondakova of the Russian Space Agency. The planned nine-day mission will include the exchange of Foale for U.S. astronaut and Mir 23 crew member Jerry M. Linenger, who has been on Mir since Jan. 15. Linenger transferred to Mir during the last docking mission, STS-81; he will return to Earth on Atlantis. Foale is slated to remain on Mir for about four months until he is replaced in September by STS-86 Mission Specialist Wendy B. Lawrence. During the five days Atlantis is scheduled to be docked with the Mir, the STS-84 crew and the Mir 23 crew, including two Russian cosmonauts, Commander Vasily Tsibliev and Flight Engineer Alexander Lazutkin, will participate in joint experiments. The STS-84 mission also will involve the transfer of more than 7,300 pounds of water, logistics and science equipment to and from the Mir. Atlantis is carrying a nearly 300-pound oxygen generator to replace one of two Mir units which have experienced malfunctions. The oxygen it generates is used for breathing by the Mir crew.

  17. [Jean-Baptiste Vincent Laborde (1830-1903), forgotten neurologist and neurophysiologist].

    PubMed

    Poirier, Jacques

    2015-03-01

    Jean-Baptiste Vincent Laborde (1830-1903), native of Buzet, in Gascony, undertook his medical studies in Paris and was nominated "externe" (1854) then "interne" (1858) of Paris hospitals. His main "patrons" were Alfred Velpeau (1795-1867), Auguste Nélaton (1807-1873), Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud (1796-1881), Pierre-Olive Rayer (1793-1867), Joseph-François Malgaigne (1806-1865), Pierre Carl Edouard Potain (1825-1901), Ernest Charles Lasègue (1816-1883) and Léon Rostan (1790-1866). In 1864 he defended his thesis on the essential paralysis of childhood. He then worked in the physiology laboratory of Professor Jules Auguste Beclard (1818-1887), and became "chef des travaux" of physiology at the Paris faculty of medicine. In 1890, he was nominated to the chair of Biological anthropology at the Paris school of anthropology. His main works focused on the rhythmic tractions of the tongue in cases of apparent death, the understanding of the etiology of brain softening he attributed to vascular occlusions by atheroma and the discovery of connections between the cranial nuclei of common (III) and external (VI) oculomotor nerves and the struggle against the use of ceruse, against tuberculosis and especially against alcoholism. In addition, he made a career in journalism: since 1874 he had been the founder, director and editor-in-chief of the weekly newspaper The Medical Tribune, whose aim was to "combine to a fair extent, science and progress with the practice of medicine." Finally, Laborde was a convinced Republican, a friend of Léon Gambetta's (1838-1882). For him, democracy was the "ideal of civilized nations" and he showed deep hatred for the "Commune of Paris". Finally, he was a determined free thinker, who ran the Society for mutual autopsy for a while and who was attached to civil funerals and cremation.

  18. HUMAN RIGHTS ASSESSMENT IN PARC JEAN MARIE VINCENT, PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI

    PubMed Central

    Cullen, Kimberly A.; Ivers, Louise C.

    2014-01-01

    Months after a 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit Port-au-Prince, Haiti, over one million remain homeless and living in spontaneous internally displaced person (IDP) camps. Billions of dollars from aid organizations and government agencies have been pledged toward the relief effort, yet many basic human needs, including food, shelter, and sanitation, continue to be unmet. The Sphere Project, “Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response,” identifies the minimum standards to be attained in disaster response. From a human rights perspective and utilizing key indicators from the Sphere Project as benchmarks, this article reports on an assessment of the living conditions approximately 12 weeks after the earthquake in Parc Jean Marie Vincent, a spontaneous IDP camp in Port-au-Prince. A stratified random sample of households in the camp, proportionate to the number of families living in each sector, was selected. Interview questions were designed to serve as “key indicators” for the Sphere Project minimum standards. A total of 486 interviews were completed, representing approximately 5% of households in each of the five sectors of the camp. Our assessment identified the relative achievements and shortcomings in the provision of relief services in Parc Jean Marie Vincent. At the time of this survey, the Sphere Project minimum standards for access to health care and quantity of water per person per day were being met. Food, shelter, sanitation, and security were below minimum accepted standard and of major concern. The formal assessment reported here was completed by September 2010, and is necessarily limited to conditions in Haiti before the cholera outbreak in October. PMID:21178190

  19. First seismic survey of Lake Saint-Jean (Québec, Canada): sedimentary record of the last deglaciation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nutz, Alexis; Schuster, Mathieu; Ghienne, Jean-François; Raphaël, Certain; Nicolas, Robin; Claude, Roquin; Frédéric, Bouchette; Cousineau Pierre, A.

    2015-04-01

    The general post-glacial evolution of the Lake Saint-Jean region (Canada/Québec) was, until now, only known from onshore studies (outcrops and geomorphology). Because this lake corresponds to sediment depocentre since the area is ice free (latest Pleistocene and the entire Holocene), a comprehensive sedimentary archive could be expected from this area. As a consequence, the offshore archives of Lake Saint-Jean leave a basic, but crucial, question: can the transition from glacial to post-glacial periods be deciphered? The stratigraphy of the last deglacial sequence is investigated in Lake Saint-Jean (Québec, Canada) from 300 km of echo-sounder 2D seismic profiles. The sedimentary archive of this basin is documented from the Late Pleistocene Laurentidian ice-front recession to the present-day situation. Ten seismic units have been identified that reflect spatio-temporal variations in depositional processes characterizing different periods of the Lake Saint-Jean basin evolution. During the postglacial marine flooding, a high deposition rate of mud settling, from proglacial glacimarine and then prodeltaic plumes in the Laflamme Gulf, produced an extensive, up to 50 m thick mud sheet draping the isostatically depressed marine basin floor. Subsequently, closing of the water body due to glacio-isostatic rebound that occurred at 8.5 cal. ka BP and ice-sheet retreat outside the Saint-Jean catchment at 7.5 cal. ka BP drastically modify the hydrodynamics and sedimentation. Hyperpycnal flows appeared because fresh lake water replaced dense marine water. River sediments were transferred towards the deeper part of the lake into river-related confined lobes. The water body is also marked by the onset of a wind-driven internal circulation associating wave-related hydrodynamics and bottom currents with sedimentary features including shoreface deposits, sediment drifts, a sedimentary shelf and important erosional surfaces. The Lake Saint-Jean reveals important diversity and

  20. Chinese vegetative materia medica in a venereological treatise by Jean Astruc from 1740.

    PubMed

    Drobnik, Jacek

    2016-07-01

    Historical medical sources can be still queried for forgotten cures and remedies. Traditional Chinese medicine has dealt with lues venerea (syphilis) since the Five Dynasties period (10th century). Chinese indigenous materia medica and remedies recorded, studied or imported by the Europeans can reveal known or quite unknown medicinal plants. The studied Jean Astruc's work is a published ethnopharmacological survey carried out in Beijing in the 1730s and it deserves a modern interpretation. This is the first proposal to identify historical Chinese medicinal plants listed in a scarcely known medical treatise De Morbis venereis… ('On venereal diseases…') by Jean Astruc from 1740. I searched for the current uses and position of the taxonomically identified herbal stock in both traditional Chinese and official medical knowledge, with special attention to syphilis. Chinese names of drugs and their botanical identities (originally expressed by means of pre-Linnaean polynomials, and now interpreted as accepted binomials) were independently cross-checked with younger till most recent taxonomical and ethnopharmacological sources. Plants and drugs identified this way were queried for their modern applications in traditional Chinese and official medicine with special attention to sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and other uses which are similar to the 18th-century understanding of venereology. For 24 items of medicinal stock, 34 medicinal plants have been identified or suspected: Acacia catechu, Achyranthes bidentata, Akebia quinata, Angelica dahurica, A. sinensis, Aquilaria sinensis, Aralia cordata, Aristolochia fangchi, Chaenomeles sinensis, Ch. speciosa, Clematis vitalba, Coix lacryma-jobi, Commiphora myrrha, Cydonia oblonga, Daemonorops draco, D. jenkinsiana, Dictamnus dasycarpus, Dryobalanops sumatrensis, Forsythia suspensa, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Lonicera confusa, L. hypoglauca, L. japonica, Ligusticum striatum (=L. chuanxiong), Piper kadsura, Pterocarpus

  1. Two schemes of intellectual development: A comparison of development as defined by william perry and jean piaget

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perry, Bruce; Donovan, Michael P.; Kelsey, Linda J.; Paterson, John; Statkiewicz, Walter; Allen, Robert D.

    The theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry provide two different theories of intellectual development with several similiarities, but also with critical differences. In this study a comparison was made to determine whether the two theories describe operation of the same mental structures or two fundamentally different aspects of intellectual development. The results, based upon individual interviews of all participants, indicate that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development.

  2. "I would eagerly leave Neuchâtel ..." A 1912 letter by Jean Piaget with an introduction and notes.

    PubMed

    Vidal, F

    1986-01-01

    A 1912 letter from fifteen-year-old Jean Piaget (1896-1980) to the director of the Museum of Natural History of Geneva illustrates Piaget's precocious integration into a community of professional naturalists, and reveals his hitherto unknown plan to study medicine. It is not certain whether he actually intended to realize that plan. An essential biographical fact, however, is that he finally left natural history by turning to philosophy rather than to medicine.

  3. Comparison of the velocity distribution between the adhesion approximation and the Euler-Jeans-Newton model

    SciTech Connect

    Sotani, Hajime; Tatekawa, Takayuki

    2006-01-15

    For the evolution of density fluctuation in nonlinear cosmological dynamics, adhesion approximation (AA) is proposed as a phenomenological model, which is especially useful for describing nonlinear evolution. However, the origin of the artificial viscosity in AA is not clarified. Recently, Buchert and Dominguez report if the velocity dispersion of the dust fluid is regarded as isotropic, it works on a principle similar to viscosity or effective pressure, and they consider isotropic velocity dispersion as the origin of the artificial viscosity in AA. They name their model the Euler-Jeans-Newton (EJN) model. In this paper, we focus on the velocity distribution in AA and the EJN model and examine the time evolution in both models. We find the behavior of AA differs from that of the EJN model, i.e., although the peculiar velocity in the EJN model oscillates, that in AA is monotonically decelerated due to viscosity without oscillation. Therefore it is hard to regard viscosity in AA as effective pressure in the EJN model.

  4. Could Jean-Dominique Cassini see the famous division in Saturn's rings?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lozi, Julien; Reess, Jean-Michel; Semery, Alain; Lhomé, Emilie; Jacquinod, Sophie; Combes, Michel; Bernardi, Pernelle; Andretta, Rémi; Motisi, Maxime; Bobis, Laurence; Kaftan, Emilie

    2013-09-01

    Nowadays, astronomers want to observe gaps in exozodiacal disks to confirm the presence of exoplanets, or even make actual images of these companions. Four hundred and fifty years ago, Jean-Dominique Cassini did a similar study on a closer object: Saturn. After joining the newly created Observatoire de Paris in 1671, he discovered 4 of Saturn's satellites (Iapetus, Rhea, Tethys and Dione), and also the gap in its rings. He made these discoveries observing through the best optics at the time, made in Italy by famous opticians like Giuseppe Campani or Eustachio Divini. But was he really able to observe this black line in Saturn's rings? That is what a team of optical scientists from Observatoire de Paris - LESIA with the help of Onera and Institut d'Optique tried to find out, analyzing the lenses used by Cassini, and still preserved in the collection of the observatory. The main difficulty was that even if the lenses have diameters between 84 and 239 mm, the focal lengths are between 6 and 50 m, more than the focal lengths of the primary mirrors of future ELTs. The analysis shows that the lenses have an exceptionally good quality, with a wavefront error of approximately 50 nm rms and 200 nm peak-to-valley, leading to Strehl ratios higher than 0.8. Taking into account the chromaticity of the glass, the wavefront quality and atmospheric turbulence, reconstructions of his observations tend to show that he was actually able to see the division named after him.

  5. Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja)1 and the Belgrade School of Physiology

    PubMed Central

    Andjus, Pavle R.; Stojilkovic, Stanko S.; Cvijic, Gordana

    2016-01-01

    Summary The founder of physiology studies in the Balkans and the pioneer of research on hypothermia, Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja) was born 1884 in L’Havre. Giaja gained his PhD at the Sorbonne in 1909. In 1910 he established the first Chair of Physiology in the Balkans and organized the first Serbian Institute for Physiology at the School of Philosophy of the University of Belgrade. He led this Institute for more than 40 subsequent years. His most notable papers were in the field of thermoregulation and bioenergetics. Djaja became member of the Serbian and Croatian academies of science and doctor honoris causa of Sorbonne. In 1952 for the seminal work on the behaviour of deep cooled warm blooded animals he becane associate member of the National Medical Academy in Paris. In 1955 the French Academy of Sciences elected him as associate member in place of deceased Sir Alexander Fleming. Djaja died in 1957 during a congress held in his honour. He left more than 200 scientific and other papers and the golden DaVincian credo “Nulla dies sine experimento”. His legacy was continued by several generations of researchers, the most prominent among them being Stefan Gelineo, Radoslav Andjus and Vojislav Petrović. PMID:21777022

  6. Jean-Charles Houzeau's Visual Magnitude Estimates from Jamaica in 1868

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sterken, Christiaan

    2012-09-01

    Jean-Charles Houzeau de Lehaie (1820-1888) was a Belgian astronomer who, as an observer, covered astronomy, geography, cartography, geodesy and natural sciences. He is known for designing the ``heliometer with unequal focal lengths" for the 1882 transit of Venus, for which he organised two expeditions: one to San Antonio (Texas), and one to Santiago (Chile). Less known, but historically important from the point of view of his consistent approach to observational science, was his ``Uranométrie générale", in which he systematically recorded visual magnitudes of 5719 northern and southern stars up to mag 6.4. He carried out the visual estimates from Jamaica in less than 400 nights in 1875--76. This presentation discusses the observational approach of his project, and weighs the merit of a dataset that was produced in one throw, by one single person from one single observing site of excellent atmospheric quality, without any recourse to data produced by other observers. A proving example of the virtue of Houzeau's Uranométrie is that it has been used in the construction of the charts of the first edition of ``Norton's Star Atlas".

  7. "To afford the wounded speedy assistance": Dominique Jean Larrey and Napoleon.

    PubMed

    Skandalakis, Panagiotis N; Lainas, Panagiotis; Zoras, Odyseas; Skandalakis, John E; Mirilas, Petros

    2006-08-01

    Dominique Jean Larrey (1766-1842) has been described as the father of modern military surgery and is considered even today as the model military surgeon. He developed a plan of rapid evacuation of wounded soldiers from the battlefield during combat, using flexible medical units which he named ambulances volantes ("flying ambulances"). He won the admiration of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), who was amazed by the results of Larrey's sanitary system. Larrey spent almost 18 years with Napoleon, accompanying him in 25 campaigns, 60 battles, and more than 400 engagements. Napoleon's enormous military success was due not only to his strategy and skill but also to the medical services provided by Larrey. The surgeon became a master of wound management and limb amputation. In his vivid battlefield journals, Larrey documented the course of tetanus, the pathophysiology of cold injury, the effective control of hemorrhage, the drainage of empyema and hemothorax, the aspiration of pericardial effusion or hemopericardium, and the packing of sucking chest wounds. Larrey established a categorical rule for the triage of war casualties, treating the wounded according to the observed gravity of their injuries and the urgency for medical care, regardless of their rank or nationality.

  8. On the Jeans Theorem and the "Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff Equation" in R^2 Gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jain, Rishabh; Sidharth, Burra G.; Corda, Christian

    2016-10-01

    Corda, Mosquera Cuesta, and Lorduy Gó;mez have shown that spherically symmetric stationary states can be used as a model for galaxies in the framework of the linearized gravity. Those states could represent a partial solution to the Dark Matter Problem. Here, we discuss an improvement of this work. In fact, as the star density is a functional of the invariants of the associated Vlasov equation, we show that any of these invariants is in its turn a functional of the local energy and the angular momentum. As a consequence, the star density depends only on these two integrals of the Vlasov system. This result is known as the "Jeans theorem." In addition, we find an analogy of the historical Tolman–Oppenheimer–Volkoff equation for the system considered in this paper. For the sake of completeness, in the final section of the paper, we consider two additional models which argue that Dark Matter could not be an essential element.

  9. Clinical, metabolic, and genetic aspects of cytochrome C oxidase deficiency in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean.

    PubMed

    Morin, C; Mitchell, G; Larochelle, J; Lambert, M; Ogier, H; Robinson, B H; De Braekeleer, M

    1993-08-01

    Thirty-four children with lactic acidosis and Leigh encephalopathy due to cytochrome C oxidase (COX) deficiency distributed in 28 families have recently been identified in northeastern Quebec, particularly in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) region. The segregation analysis was consistent with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. The incidence was estimated at 1/2,063 live births between 1979 and 1990, and the carrier rate was estimated at 1/23 inhabitants in SLSJ. In SLSJ, the places of origin of the COX-deficient children and their parents did not show a clustered nonuniform distribution. The genealogical reconstruction of 54 obligate carriers identified 26 ancestors common to all of them. Twenty-two were 17th-century Europeans, suggesting that the COX-deficient gene was introduced in the French-Canadian population by early settlers. These results support the hypothesis of a founder effect for COX deficiency in northeastern Quebec. Clinical findings are reported for 15 of these COX-deficient patients, age 6 mo to 11 years. Moderate developmental delay, hypotonia, ataxia, strabismus, and mild facial dysmorphism were frequent. Eleven children died in episodes of fulminant metabolic acidosis. The patients had elevated blood and cerebrospinal fluid lactate levels, decreased blood bicarbonate levels, and normal blood pH. Leigh disease and microvesicular steatosis of the liver were present in all affected patients for whom postmortem examination was performed. This biochemically uniform group of patients showed a wide range of clinical severity.

  10. Fertility in myotonic dystrophy in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean: a historical perspective.

    PubMed

    Dao, T N; Mathieu, J; Bouchard, J P; De Braekeleer, M

    1992-11-01

    Myotonic dystrophy (MD) is an autosomal dominant disorder that has a high prevalence in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean. A case-control study, based on a population register, of 373 MD patients who married in this region between 1855 and 1971 was conducted to determine whether their fertility was affected by the disorder. Six demographic parameters, that is the number of children, the age at marriage, the ages at the time of birth of the first and the last child, the interval between the marriage and the birth of the first child, and the interval between consecutive births, were analyzed. The mean number of children born to MD and control individuals was not different (P > 0.05). However, MD males had more children than MD females although they have started delaying their marriage since 1921. Fertility fell significantly in both the MD and control groups during the period of observation. This change reflects the decline in fertility of French Canadians in general during this period, but mainly after 1940.

  11. Genetic epidemiology of hereditary tyrosinemia in Quebec and in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean.

    PubMed

    De Braekeleer, M; Larochelle, J

    1990-08-01

    Hereditary tyrosinemia type I is an autosomal recessive disorder that was recognized in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ) (Quebec) in 1967. Ninety-eight tyrosinemic children, including some of the 113 children born in the SLSJ region, have been screened by the Quebec Network of Genetic Medicine in the whole province since 1970. The geographical distribution of the 98 children screened showed the majority of them to have been born in the northeastern part of Quebec. The prevalence at birth was estimated at 1/1,846 live borns, and the carrier rate was estimated at 1/20 inhabitants in the SLSJ region. Three control groups matched to the tyrosinemic obligate-carrier couples were generated using the population register of the SLSJ region kept at SOREP. The mean coefficient of inbreeding was only slightly elevated in the tyrosinemic group compared with the control groups and was due to remote consanguinity. The mean kinship coefficient was 2.3 times higher in the tyrosinemic group than in the control groups. In the SLSJ region the places of origin of the tyrosinemic children and their parents did not show a clustered nonuniform distribution. Endogamy was not found to be higher in the tyrosinemic group than in the control groups. All these results support both the hypothesis of a founder effect for tyrosinemia and a high gene frequency in northeastern Quebec.

  12. Consanguinity and kinship in Down syndrome in Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (Québec).

    PubMed

    de Braekeleer, M; Landry, T; Cholette, A

    1994-01-01

    Genealogies of 67 cases of Down syndrome (DS) cytogenetically proven as trisomy 21 born in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean were reconstructed using a population register. Genealogies of three controls for each patient matched on sex, date and place of birth were also reconstructed. The mean kinship coefficient was slightly, but not significantly (p > 0.05), increased in the DS group compared to the control group (0.000222 versus 0.000165). The increase was mostly the result of two patients being related as uncle-nephew. The mean inbreeding coefficient was also higher, although not significantly (p > 0.05), in the DS group than in the control group (0.001348 versus 0.000848). Nine consanguineous marriages (13.4%) were identified in the DS group compared to 17 of 201 (8.5%) in the control group. These results may suggest, as previously reported by Roberts et al. in Shetland, that some recessive element is involved in the etiology of DS, possibly in preventing the loss of the trisomic 21 fetus.

  13. Reflecting on the ongoing aftermath of heart transplantation: Jean-Luc Nancy's L'intrus.

    PubMed

    Wynn, Francine

    2009-03-01

    This paper explores Jean-Luc Nancy's philosophical reflection on surviving his own heart transplant. In 'The Intruder', he raises central questions concerning the relations between what he refers to as a 'proper' life, that is, a life that is thought to be one's own singular 'lived experience', and medical techniques, shaped at this particular historical juncture by cyclosporine or immuno-suppression. He describes the temporal nature of an ever-increasing sense of strangeness and fragmentation which accompanies his heart transplant. In doing so, Nancy opens up the concealed of transplantation in terms of the problematic 'gift' of a 'foreign' organ, the unremitting suffering intrusiveness of the treatment regimen, and the living of life as 'bare life'. He uncovers and exposes the relentless uncanniness that pervades the post-transplant experience, which for him is an example of our humanistic, never-ending impulse, to alter ourselves. Nevertheless, Nancy offers no answer to this dilemma, but instead calls us to think about the meaning or 'sense' of the prolonging of life and deferring of death, which currently drives our medical interventions.

  14. Jean-Martin Charcot's role in the 19th century study of music aphasia.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Julene K; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

    2013-05-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his 'Friday Lessons' on aphasia, which took place at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris in 1883-84. In his most comprehensive discussion about music, Charcot described a professional trombone player who developed difficulty copying music notation and playing his instrument, thereby identifying a new isolated syndrome of music agraphia without aphasia. Because the description of this case was published only in Italian by one of his students, Domenico Miliotti, there has been considerable confusion and under-acknowledgement of Charcot's ideas about music and the brain. In this paper, we describe Charcot's ideas regarding music and place them within the historical context of the growing interest in the neurological underpinnings of music abilities that took place in the 1880s.

  15. Jean-Martin Charcot's house officers at La Salpêtrière Hospital.

    PubMed

    Walusinski, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    From the time he became chef de service at La Salpêtrière Hospital in 1866 until his death in 1893, Jean-Martin Charcot oversaw 32 house officers. Some of them became famous, such as D.M. Bourneville, E. Brissaud, P. Marie and G. Gilles de la Tourette. Others are less well known. The fact remains that Charcot knew how to surround himself with fine students and leverage their talents in order to make the neurological discoveries by which he would become famous throughout the world. Here, we present the biographies of H. Soulier (1862), J. Cotard (1865), R. Lépine (1867), A. Gombault (1872), A. Pierret (1874), A. Pitres (1876), P. Oulmont (1877), G. Guinon (1885), P. Blocq(1887), E. Huet (1888), E. Parmentier (1890) and A. Souques(1893). Each of these men with their unique paths and interests helped lay the foundations for the birth of neurology at the end of the 19th century in Paris. As Emile Littré said: 'La science de la Médecine, si elle ne veut pas être rabaissée au rang de métier, doit s'occuper de son histoire et soigner les vieux monuments que les temps passés lui ont légués', which could be translated as 'to avoid being reduced to a trade, the science of medicine must attend to its history and take care of the old monuments handed down by time'.

  16. STS-103 M.S. Jean-Fangois Clervoy during TCDT activities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Mission Specialist Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France, who is with the European Space Agency, takes a turn turn at driving a small armored personnel carrier that is part of emergency egress training during Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities. The tracked vehicle could be used by the crew in the event of an emergency at the pad during which the crew must make a quick exit from the area. The TCDT also provides simulated countdown exercises and opportunities to inspect the mission payloads in the orbiter's payload bay. STS-103 is a 'call-up' mission due to the need to replace and repair portions of the Hubble Space Telescope. Although Hubble is operating normally and conducting its scientific observations, only three of its six gyroscopes are working properly. Four EVA's are planned to make the necessary repairs and replacements on the telescope. The other STS-103 crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), and Claude Nicollier of Switzerland, who also is with the European Space Agency. The mission is targeted for launch Dec. 6 at 2:37 a.m. EST.

  17. A humanist's legacy in medical informatics: visions and accomplishments of Professor Jean-Raoul Scherrer.

    PubMed

    Geissbühler, A; Lovis, C; Spahni, S; Appel, R D; Ratib, O; Boyer, C; Hochstrasser, D F; Baud, R

    2002-01-01

    To report about the work of Prof. Jean-Raoul Scherrer, and show how his humanist vision, his medical skills and his scientific background have enabled and shaped the development of medical informatics over the last 30 years. Starting with the mainframe-based patient-centered hospital information system DIOGENE in the 70s, Prof. Scherrer developed, implemented and evolved innovative concepts of man-machine interfaces, distributed and federated environments, leading the way with information systems that obstinately focused on the support of care providers and patients. Through a rigorous design of terminologies and ontologies, the DIOGENE data would then serve as a basis for the development of clinical research, data mining, and lead to innovative natural language processing techniques. In parallel, Prof. Scherrer supported the development of medical image management, ranging from a distributed picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to molecular imaging of protein electrophoreses. Recognizing the need for improving the quality and trustworthiness of medical information on the Web, Prof. Scherrer created the Health-On-the-Net (HON) foundation. These achievements, made possible thanks to his visionary mind, deep humanism, creativity, generosity and determination, have made of Prof. Scherrer a true pioneer and leader of the human-centered, patient-oriented application of information technology for improving healthcare.

  18. Sparking controversy: Jean Antoine Nollet and medical electricity south of the Alps.

    PubMed

    Bertucci, Paola

    2005-01-01

    The paper considers a significant episode in the history of eighteenth-century electricity: the controversy over the "medicated tubes". Invented by the Italian erudite Gianfrancesco Pivati, the tubes were said to produce instantaneous cures. Jean Antoine Nollet was one of the main actors of the controversy. In 1749, after touring Italy to see for himself the Italian tubes and their effects, he published a report, discrediting Pivati's accounts. This study shows that the report, which has since been the main source for interpretations of the controversy, hides the key role of the Bologna Istituto delle Scienze in promoting Pivati's invention. Relying on manuscript sources, I propose a change of perspective on the controversy that illuminates the world of Italian experimental philosophy during the Enlightenment and its place in the Republic of Letters. I also analyze the reasons for Nollet's silence over the involvement of the Istituto delle Scienze in the controversy and the relevance of medical electricity in the wider context of contemporary electrical experimental philosophy.

  19. Genetic epidemiology of hereditary tyrosinemia in Quebec and in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean.

    PubMed Central

    De Braekeleer, M; Larochelle, J

    1990-01-01

    Hereditary tyrosinemia type I is an autosomal recessive disorder that was recognized in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ) (Quebec) in 1967. Ninety-eight tyrosinemic children, including some of the 113 children born in the SLSJ region, have been screened by the Quebec Network of Genetic Medicine in the whole province since 1970. The geographical distribution of the 98 children screened showed the majority of them to have been born in the northeastern part of Quebec. The prevalence at birth was estimated at 1/1,846 live borns, and the carrier rate was estimated at 1/20 inhabitants in the SLSJ region. Three control groups matched to the tyrosinemic obligate-carrier couples were generated using the population register of the SLSJ region kept at SOREP. The mean coefficient of inbreeding was only slightly elevated in the tyrosinemic group compared with the control groups and was due to remote consanguinity. The mean kinship coefficient was 2.3 times higher in the tyrosinemic group than in the control groups. In the SLSJ region the places of origin of the tyrosinemic children and their parents did not show a clustered nonuniform distribution. Endogamy was not found to be higher in the tyrosinemic group than in the control groups. All these results support both the hypothesis of a founder effect for tyrosinemia and a high gene frequency in northeastern Quebec. PMID:2378355

  20. Distribution of CFTR mutations in Saguenay- Lac-Saint-Jean: proposal of a panel of mutations for population screening.

    PubMed

    Madore, Anne-Marie; Prévost, Claude; Dorfman, Ruslan; Taylor, Chelsea; Durie, Peter; Zielenski, Julian; Laprise, Catherine

    2008-03-01

    Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean is a region located in the northeastern part of the Province of Quebec, Canada, and is characterized by a founder effect. In this region, it has been documented that the incidence of cystic fibrosis reached 1/902 live births between 1975 and 1988, three times higher than the average incidence of 1/2500 live births reported in other Caucasian populations. This corresponds to a carrier rate of 1/15. Using genotyping data from the Canadian Consortium for Cystic Fibrosis Genetic Studies, this article describes the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator profile of the cystic fibrosis population living in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region and compares it with cystic fibrosis populations living in three other regions of the Province of Quebec. Significant differences in allelic frequencies of common mutations (as DeltaF508, 621 + 1G>T and A455E), and in percentage of covered allele with three or six mutations, were found in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean compared to other regions. Based on this result, two mutation panels exceeding 90% sensitivity threshold are now proposed for cystic fibrosis carrier screening in this region. The implementation of the proposed carrier screening program could diminish the incidence of this disease in this region and allow future parents to make informed decisions about family planning.

  1. Modified Jeans instability of magnetized viscous spin 1/2 quantum plasma with resistive effects and Hall current

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2014-07-01

    The effect of Hall current on Jeans self-gravitational instability is examined for finitely conducting dense quantum viscous plasma in the presence of spin generated magnetization. The basic equations of the problem are constructed using quantum magneto hydrodynamic (QMHD) model. The Hall and resistivity terms are incorporated in the idealized Ohm's law and spin induced magnetization and viscosity terms are incorporated to the momentum equations. The general dispersion relation is found to be modified due to the presence of Hall current, electrical resistivity and viscosity parameter along with the spin induced magnetization. The dispersion relation is further reduced for both transverse and longitudinal mode of propagations. In the transverse mode of propagation the Jeans condition of instability is modified due to Alfven velocity, magnetization parameter and quantum corrections, and the growth rate of instability is found to be modified due to the electrical resistivity, viscosity, magnetization parameter and quantum corrections but remains unaffected by the presence of Hall current. In longitudinal direction of propagation the gravitational mode is affected due to the viscosity and quantum parameter while the Jeans condition of instability depends only upon the quantum correction. The Alfven mode in longitudinal direction gets modified due to the electrical resistivity, Hall current, viscosity and magnetization parameter however, it is found to be independent of quantum corrections. The numerical observations are also presented to show the effect of electrical resistivity, magnetization and quantum corrections on the growth rate of instability.

  2. [THE SCIENTIFIC LEGACY OF JEAN EMMANUEL GILIBERT IN POLAND (COPIES OF HIS WORKS; THEIR RECEPTION)].

    PubMed

    Köhler, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    In order to locate copies of the works of Jean Emmanuel Gilibert (1741-1814) located in Poland, 54 libraries were selected for inquiry, chosen on the basis of their history or of the nature or size of their collections. So far, 27 libraries have responded to the inquiry. There are works of J.E. Gilibert stored in 14 of them (Table 1). To date, 102 copies of different editions catalogued under Gilibert's name have been recorded in libraries in Poland. These books were placed in these libraries in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, mainly as part of donations from private libraries. In Poland, the reception of the botanical works of J.E. Gilibert changed over time. Initially they were accepted uncritically (Stanisław Bonifacy Jundzill, Józef Jundziłł). Over time, and with the increase in floristic data subsequent to the publication of Gilibert's works, his treatises were cited less frequently. As early as the second half of the nineteenth century, Polish botanists mentioned them only occasionally. More accurate works, containing newer taxonomical considerations of species, effectively supplanted the works of Gilibert in scientific circulation. It is worth noting that for contemporary plant taxonomy, the botanical works of Gilibert are of no scientific value. Four of them (Flora lituanica inchoata, Exercitium botanicum, Caroli Linnaei botanicorum principis, Exercitia phytologica) are listed in Appendix V, 'Opera Utique Oppressa', of the 2006 Vienna Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Names appearing in these works in the rankings specified at the end of each listing (species and intraspecific taxa) are not accepted as valid.

  3. Generalized Jeans' Escape of Pick-Up Ions in Quasi-Linear Relaxation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moore, T. E.; Khazanov, G. V.

    2011-01-01

    Jeans escape is a well-validated formulation of upper atmospheric escape that we have generalized to estimate plasma escape from ionospheres. It involves the computation of the parts of particle velocity space that are unbound by the gravitational potential at the exobase, followed by a calculation of the flux carried by such unbound particles as they escape from the potential well. To generalize this approach for ions, we superposed an electrostatic ambipolar potential and a centrifugal potential, for motions across and along a divergent magnetic field. We then considered how the presence of superthermal electrons, produced by precipitating auroral primary electrons, controls the ambipolar potential. We also showed that the centrifugal potential plays a small role in controlling the mass escape flux from the terrestrial ionosphere. We then applied the transverse ion velocity distribution produced when ions, picked up by supersonic (i.e., auroral) ionospheric convection, relax via quasi-linear diffusion, as estimated for cometary comas [1]. The results provide a theoretical basis for observed ion escape response to electromagnetic and kinetic energy sources. They also suggest that super-sonic but sub-Alfvenic flow, with ion pick-up, is a unique and important regime of ion-neutral coupling, in which plasma wave-particle interactions are driven by ion-neutral collisions at densities for which the collision frequency falls near or below the gyro-frequency. As another possible illustration of this process, the heliopause ribbon discovered by the IBEX mission involves interactions between the solar wind ions and the interstellar neutral gas, in a regime that may be analogous [2].

  4. Jean Camus and Gustave Roussy: pioneering French researchers on the endocrine functions of the hypothalamus.

    PubMed

    Castro-Dufourny, Inés; Carrasco, Rodrigo; Prieto, Ruth; Pascual, José M

    2017-08-01

    At the beginning of the twentieth century, the hypothalamus was known merely as an anatomical region of the brain lying beneath the thalamus. An increasing number of clinicopathological reports had shown the association of diabetes insipidus and adiposogenital dystrophy (Babinski-Fröhlich's syndrome), with pituitary tumors involving the infundibulum and tuber cinereum, two structures of the basal hypothalamus. The French physicians Jean Camus (1872-1924) and Gustave Roussy (1874-1948) were the first authors to undertake systematic, controlled observations of the effects of localized injuries to the basal hypothalamus in dogs and cats by pricking the infundibulo-tuberal region (ITR) with a heated needle. Their series of surgical procedures, performed between 1913 and 1922, allowed them to claim that both permanent polyuria and adiposogenital dystrophy were symptoms caused by damage to the ITR. Their results challenged the dominant doctrine of hypopituitarism as cause of diabetes insipidus and adiposogenital dystrophy that derived from the experiments performed by Paulescu and Cushing a decade earlier. With their pioneering research, Camus and Roussy influenced the experimental work on the hypothalamus performed by Percival Bailey and Frederic Bremer at Cushing's laboratory, confirming the hypothalamic origin of these symptoms in 1921. More importantly, they provided the foundations for the physiological paradigm of Neuroendocrinology, the hypothalamus' control over the endocrine secretions of the pituitary gland, as well as over water balance and fat metabolism. This article aims to credit Camus and Roussy for their groundbreaking, decisive contributions to postulate the hypothalamus being the brain region in control of endocrine homeostasis and energy metabolism.

  5. Equilibrium between radiation and matter for classical relativistic multiperiodic systems. II. Study of radiative equilibrium with Rayleigh-Jeans radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blanco, R.; Pesquera, L.; Santos, E.

    1984-05-01

    We continue the study of the problem of equilibrium between radiation and classical relativistic systems begun previously

    [Phys. Rev. D 27, 1254 (1983)]
    . We consider the emission and absorption of energy by a relativistic pointlike particle immersed in a Rayleigh-Jeans radiation field. The particle is acted upon by a force which, if alone, would produce a multiply periodic motion. It is shown that radiative balance at each frequency holds. A discussion is given of the results reported in both papers.

  6. Genetic analysis of genealogies in mentally retarded autistic probands from Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    PubMed

    De Braekeleer, M; Tremblay, M; Thivierge, J

    1996-01-01

    Autism is a heterogeneous disorder for which we have evidence of both genetic and environmental determination. The genealogies of 16 autistic probands born in Saguenay Lac-Saint Jean were reconstructed and compared to those of 48 matched control individuals distributed in three different groups. The mean inbreeding and kinship coefficients were calculated. Both coefficients were not found to be increased in the autistic group compared to the control groups. These findings support the conclusions reached by Jorde et al. (1990) which indicated that a single gene was unlikely to account for most cases of autism.

  7. Neuroplasticity and the brain connectome: what can Jean Talairach's reflections bring to modern psychosurgery?

    PubMed

    Bourdillon, Pierre; Apra, Caroline; Lévêque, Marc; Vinckier, Fabien

    2017-09-01

    Contrary to common psychosurgical practice in the 1950s, Dr. Jean Talairach had the intuition, based on clinical experience, that the brain connectome and neuroplasticity had a role to play in psychosurgery. Due to the remarkable progress of pharmacology at that time and to the technical limits of neurosurgery, these concepts were not put into practice. Currently, these concepts are being confirmed by modern techniques such as neuroimaging and computational neurosciences, and could pave the way for therapeutic innovation in psychiatry. Psychosurgery commonly uses a localizationist approach, based on the idea that a lesion to a specific area is responsible for a deficit opposite to its function. To psychosurgeons such as Walter Freeman, who performed extensive lesions causing apparently inevitable deficit, Talairach answered with clinical data: complex psychic functions cannot be described that simply, because the same lesion does not provoke the same deficit in different patients. Moreover, cognitive impairment did not always follow efficacious psychosurgery. Talairach suggested that selectively destructing part of a network could open the door to a new organization, and that early psychotherapy could encourage this psychoplasticity. Talairach did not have the opportunity to put these concepts into practice in psychiatric diseases because of the sudden availability of neuroleptics, but connectomics and neuroplasticity gave rise to major advances in intraparenchymal neurosurgery, from epilepsy to low-grade glioma. In psychiatry, alongside long-standing theories implicating focal lesions and diffuse pathological processes, neuroimaging techniques are currently being developed. In mentally healthy individuals, combining diffusion tensor imaging with functional MRI, magnetoencephalography, and electroencephalography allows the determination of a comprehensive map of neural connections in the brain on many spatial scales, the so-called connectome. Ultimately, global

  8. Terpenoids, flavonoids and caffeic acid derivatives from Salvia viridis L. cvar. Blue Jeans.

    PubMed

    Rungsimakan, Supattra; Rowan, Michael G

    2014-12-01

    Three diterpenoids, 1-oxomicrostegiol (1), viroxocin (2), viridoquinone (3), were isolated from the roots of Salvia viridis L. cvar. Blue Jeans. Five known diterpenoids, microstegiol (4), 7α-acetoxy-14-hydroxy-8,13-abietadiene-11,12-dione (5; 7-O-acetylhorminone tautomer), 7α,14-dihydroxy-8,13-abietadiene-11,12-dione (6; horminone tautomer), ferruginol and salvinolonyl 12-methyl ether (7) were also found in the roots together with 1-docosyl ferulate (8), and a mixture of 2-(4'-alkoxyphenyl) ethyl alkanoates (9). Two lupane triterpenoids, 2α-acetoxy-lup-20(29)-en-3β-ol (10), and 3β-acetoxy-lup-20(29)-en-2α-ol (11) were found in the aerial parts together with known compounds, lup-20(29)-ene-2α,3β-diol (12), ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, β-sitosterol and β-sitosterol glucoside. A known phenylpropanoid, trans-verbascoside (or acteoside; 13), was the main constituent in the polar fraction of the aerial part, and it is now reported in the genus Salvia for the first time. Other polyphenolic compounds were cis-verbascoside (14), leucosceptoside A (15), martynoside (16), caffeic acid, 6-O-caffeoyl-glucose (18), rosmarinic acid, salidroside, luteolin-7-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-galactopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-β-galactopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-glucopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-β-glucopyranoside, and apigenin-7-O-β-glucopyranoside. The structures were determined by 1D-, 2D-NMR and HR-ESI-MS techniques. Compounds 6, 10, ferruginol, ursolic acid and oleanolic acid exhibited antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 775) with MIC 50 μM, 25 μM, 50 μM, 12.5 μM, 12.5 μM respectively. Ferruginol, ursolic acid and oleanolic acid were also active against Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6571), and Bacillus cereus (ATCC 2599) with MIC 12.5-50 μM. 4 was also active against S.aureus (ATCC 6571) with MIC 50 μM. These values are consistent with previous studies on the antimicrobial activity of Salvia diterpenoids. Copyright

  9. [WILD MAMMALS OF THE GRAND DUCHY OF LITHUANIA IN THE WORKS OF JEAN-EMMANUEL GILIBERT].

    PubMed

    Samojlik, Tomasz; Daszkiewicz, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Among the many topics of lively scientific work that Jean Emmanuel Gilibert (1741-1814) conducted in Grodno and Vilnius, an important place is occupied by his observations of wild mammals. Royal patronage and care from Antoni Tyzenhauz, Treasurer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the governor of Grodno, allowed Gilibert to keep and observe wild fauna captured by royal services in royal forests, including Białowieża Primeval Forest. Such was an origin of a female bison kept by Gilibert in Grodno. Its description, published in Indagatores naturae in Lithuania (Vilnius 1781) for decades became the primary source of information about the behaviour, food preferences and the anatomy of European bison. European science has just begun to take interest in European bison, therefore Gilibert's account entered scientific circulation by way of French natural history encyclopaedias (mainly Georges Buffon's Histoire naturelle) and works by Georges Cuvier or Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. Apart from the description of European bison, Gilibert left an entire series of observations of wild mammals inhabiting the forests of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. His accounts of moose were important in building a knowledge base for this species. In the first half of the 18th century, moose was known mainly from fantastic descriptions in Renaissance works and from prescriptions devoted to using moose hoof as the epilepsy treatment. Gilibert's observations helped to overthrow such superstitions. Similarly, Gilibert's first-hand information verified the widespread legends concerning brown bear (e.g. the belief that white bears, belonging to other species than polar bears, occur in Lithuania) . List of species kept and thoroughly watched by the scholar is much longer and includes lynx, wolf (and hybrids of wolves and dogs), beaver, badger, fox, hedgehog, and even white mouse. Also his comments on the species of mammals then absent in Lithuania but known either from farming or from the fur

  10. Transitory Connections: The Reception and Rejection of Jean Piaget's Psychology in the Nursery School Movement in the 1920s and 1930s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beatty, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    In 1927, nursery school educator Lucy Sprague Mitchell heralded Jean Piaget's psychology as of "outstanding interest" and wrote in "Progressive Education" that it should be of "immense service" to psychologists, teachers, and parents. In 1929, psychologist Lois Meek praised Piaget's research in the National Society for the Study of Education's…

  11. Transitory Connections: The Reception and Rejection of Jean Piaget's Psychology in the Nursery School Movement in the 1920s and 1930s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beatty, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    In 1927, nursery school educator Lucy Sprague Mitchell heralded Jean Piaget's psychology as of "outstanding interest" and wrote in "Progressive Education" that it should be of "immense service" to psychologists, teachers, and parents. In 1929, psychologist Lois Meek praised Piaget's research in the National Society for the Study of Education's…

  12. Jean Langlais (1907-91): an historical case of a blind organist with stroke-induced aphasia and Braille alexia but without amusia.

    PubMed

    Fisher, C A H; Larner, A J

    2008-11-01

    The subject of a prior report of a blind organist with aphasia and Braille alexia without amusia, published in French, has been identified as Jean Langlais. His artistic and medical history is presented, the latter via translation of the original 1987 paper.

  13. Shall Our Leadership Preparation Programs Be Focused on Proactive Leadership for Social Justice? A Rejoinder to Jean-Marie, Normore, and Brooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oplatka, Izhar

    2009-01-01

    A dominant conjecture underlying the literature about leadership for social justice brought up in Jean-Marie, Normore, and Brooks' (2009) paper suggests that leadership preparation programs (LPPs) need to prepare school leaders to promote a broader and deeper understanding of social justice, democracy, and equity, as well as to struggle with forms…

  14. NOMENCLATURAL NOTES ON THE EURYTOMIDS (CHALCIDOIDEA: EURYTOMIDAE) DESCRIBED BY JEAN BRÈTHES HOUSED IN MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES “BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA”

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Nine species parasitic eurytomid wasps described by Jean Brèthes and deposited in the National Insect Collection of Argentina, Buenos Aires are treated and their nomenclature stabilized. The condition of the type material is described. Lectotypes are designated for Prodecatoma parodii, Eudecatoma o...

  15. Clinical features of cystic fibrosis patients with rare genotypes in Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    PubMed

    de Braekeleer, M; Mari, G; Verlingue, C; Allard, C; Leblanc, J P; Simard, F; Aubin, G; Férec, C

    1997-01-01

    We describe the clinical features of six cystic fibrosis (CF) patients from Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean who bear rare genotypes. Two patients with a delta F508/I148T genotype had pancreatic insufficiency, as did two patients compound heterozygous for the 621 + 1G-->T mutation who also had a major growth retardation. One CF adult who carried a delta F508/Q890X genotype had meconium ileus and bronchiectasis. The sixth patient (A455E/R117C) had borderline sweat chloride concentrations; the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis had remained doubtful until the molecular analysis showed the presence of two CF mutations. The seventh patient with a delta F508/R1158X genotype experienced several complications and is now 43 years old.

  16. Correlation of sweat chloride concentration with genotypes in cystic fibrosis patients in Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean, Quebec, Canada.

    PubMed

    De Braekeleer, M; Allard, C; Leblanc, J P; Aubin, G; Simard, F

    1998-02-01

    Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean, a geographically isolated region of northeastern Quebec has a high incidence of cystic fibrosis (CF) and three mutations only account for 94% of the CF chromosomes. The objective of the present study was to determine whether different mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene had different effects upon the sweat chloride concentration. The sweat chloride concentration of 114 patients was measured by quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis. CF patients carrying the A455E mutation, usually associated with pancreatic sufficiency, had lower sweat chloride concentrations than those carrying mutations associated with pancreatic insufficiency (delta F508 and 621 + 1G-->T). Our results confirm that mutations resulting in a reduction of the chloride current at the apical membrane of epithelial cells induce lower sweat chloride values. However, there are differences in the chloride current between genotypes, even if they are composed of mutations apparently having the same functional effect.

  17. [The Gang of Six Demands more Freedom. Juvenile Offenders Interned in Saint-Jean-de-Dieu, Mid-20th Century].

    PubMed

    Desmeules, Martin; Thifault, Marie-Claude

    In recent years, we have worked with many psychiatric records kept by the Archive Services of the Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal (IUSMM). The proposed article is focused on the February 12th 1959 document Assemblée des médecins located within the records of six illegitimate children admitted to the Hôpital Saint-Jean-de-Dieu in the late 1950s. Our study, inspired by the work of historian Roy Porter and his approach from below, contributes to the historical discourse seeking to incorporate patient's voices, in this case, a gang of young offenders identified by a life course shaped by repeated institutional experience.

  18. Application of Jean Piaget's theory of human development for nursing children in an adult intensive therapy unit.

    PubMed

    Green, A

    1991-12-01

    Piaget (1964) believed that interaction with the environment has a large part to play in human development. Matthew (1986) states that in an ideal world critically ill children should be cared for by staff trained in paediatrics, within designated paediatric intensive therapy units. Unfortunately, there are only 28 paediatric intensive therapy units in Great Britain (CMA Medical Data, 1987), consequently each year a third of children requiring intensive care are admitted to adult intensive therapy units (ITU). A knowledge and understanding of developmental psychology can therefore be beneficial to nurses in assessing which stage of development a child has reached, in order to plan the correct level of stimulation, and hence facilitate progress rather than regression in the accomplishment of developmental tasks. The psychological and social processes involved in Jean Piaget's (1896-1980) theory of human development are discussed with regard to nursing children requiring intubation and ventilation in an adult ITU.

  19. Genetic epidemiology of lipoprotein lipase deficiency in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (Québec, Canada).

    PubMed

    Dionne, C; Gagné, C; Julien, P; Murthy, M R; Lambert, M; Roederer, G; Davignon, J; Hayden, M R; Lupien, P J; de Braekeleer, M

    1992-01-01

    Familial hyperchylomicronemia due to the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity deficiency (Type I hyperlipoproteinemia) is an autosomal recessive disorder with a prevalence estimated at one case per million. Thirty-four type I individuals are known in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ), a geographically isolated region of Quebec. The prevalence of type I and LPL deficient heterozygote in this region was estimated at 1/6382 and 1/46 inhabitants respectively. The mean inbreeding coefficient was slightly elevated in the type I group compared with three control groups. The mean kinship coefficient was 15.1 times higher in the type I group than in the control groups. The high prevalence of type I in SLSJ appears to be the result of the emigration of carriers of LPL deficiency from Charlevoix, another isolated region of quebec to the SLSJ region. Endogamy also played a crucial role in increasing the prevalence of type I in SLSJ.

  20. Reproductive attitudes of couples having a child with cystic fibrosis in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    PubMed

    De Braekeleer, M; Bellis, G; Rault, G; Allard, C; Milot, M; Simard, F

    2000-01-01

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) has a high incidence (1/936 live births) and carrier rate (1/15 inhabitants) in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean. One objective of a major enquiry among several subsets of individuals from this high-risk population for CF was to evaluate the reproductive behaviour of couples with a CF child attending the comprehensive CF clinic in Chicoutimi. The knowledge of the recurrence risk resulted in deciding against further progeny or in reducing the number of children. More reliable contraception methods after the birth of the CF child, but not prenatal diagnosis, were used. Although a minority of parents with a CF child would abort a CF foetus, they apparently started viewing pregnancy interruption for CF after prenatal diagnosis as an acceptable reproductive option.

  1. [Malar rash in a painting by Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin (1699-1779)

    PubMed

    Marson, P.; Rondinone, R.; Vicarioto, M.

    2001-01-01

    In the present report we describe a typical malar rash, as painted by Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin (1699-1779), French painter, one of the greatest of the 18th century, on the face of a child in "Le Bénédicité" (Hermitage, St. Petersburg). Three versions of this theme were more completed by Chardin, in various times of his life, but the malar eruption can be seen solely on the painting at the Hermitage. In the attempt to clarify, on a diagnostic ground, such a cutaneous abnormality, the relationships between systemic lupus erythematosus and parvovirus B19 infection, i.e. the causative agent of fifth disease, are briefly discussed.

  2. Jean-André Rochoux (1787-1852), a physician philosopher at the dawn of vascular neurology.

    PubMed

    Walusinski, O

    2017-04-20

    Jean-André Rochoux (1787-1852) can be considered the author, in 1812, of the first clinical and neuropathological description of cerebral hemorrhage and ischemia, based on concepts that underlie current vascular neurology. His biography reveals how his thinking was shaped by materialist philosophy, which was also the basis of his rigorous scientific reasoning. Due to his intransigent defence of his philosophical ideas and his outspoken anticlericalism, he was often contradicted and had many opponents who were not inclined to perpetuate his memory after his death, despite the high quality of his medical research. Our biography traces the career of this iconoclastic thinker and physician ahead of his time. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. Antoine-Marie Chambeyron (1797-1851): a forgotten disciple of Jean-Etienne Esquirol (1772-1840).

    PubMed

    Walusinski, Olivier

    2017-09-01

    Antoine-Marie Chambeyron (1797-1851) was a disciple of Jean-Etienne Esquirol (1772-1840) that history forgot, undoubtedly because he made no original contribution to psychiatric nosography. In 1827, his interest in the medical-legal status of the insane led him to translate into French and annotate the first medical-legal psychiatric treatise ever published, which was the work of the German philosopher Johann Christoph Hoffbauer (1766-1827). His translation played a role in shaping the French Law of 1838, the first piece of modern legislation aimed at protecting the rights of mental patients and limiting the State's power to confine them arbitrarily. Chambeyron is among the least-cited contributors to the prestigious work of nineteenth-century French alienists.

  4. Absurdity and being-in-itself. The third phase of phenomenology: Jean-Paul Sartre and existential psychoanalysis.

    PubMed

    Jones, A

    2001-08-01

    Existentialism and phenomenology are closely linked philosophies. Existentialism preceded phenomenology and is not considered a single philosophy but several schools of thought, both theist and atheist in thinking, which grew out of a reaction to traditional philosophy. The development of phenomenology is divided into three separate phases ultimately merging with existentialism. Following Second World War, the phenomenological movement gained momentum in France and encompassed many of the ideas of Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger. Gabriel Marcel, Maurice Merlieu-Ponty and, notably, Jean-Paul Sartre established a 'third phase' of phenomenology. This paper explores some of Sartre's ideas related to being and later applications through Medard Boss and R.D. Laing, and offers a short illustrative case vignette that shows the concepts as they might apply to nursing practice. Consideration is finally given to existential psychoanalysis as an applied research methodology

  5. Redefinition of the Lac-St.-Jean Anorthosite, Central Grenville Province, Québec, Based on Compositional, Structural, Geochronological, and Mineral Deposit Features

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hebert, C.; van Breemen, O.

    2004-05-01

    The Lac-St.-Jean Anorthosite was previously recognized as one of the biggest anorthositic masses in the world (20,000 km2). Recent field and geochronological work has demonstrated that this anorthositic mass is, in fact, an assemblage resulting from four temporally distinct magmatic episodes, which took place between 1327 and 1012 Ma. This discovery has required the redefinition of the Lac-St.-Jean Anorthosite in terms of its component units. The 1327 ± 16 Ma De La Blache Mafic Plutonic Suite occupies the northeastern limb of the former Lac-St.-Jean Anorthosite. This suite is characterized by labradorite-type anorthosite, a large volume of olivine-bearing anorthositic rocks, a wide gabbronoritic fringe, and Fe-Ti and Ni-Cu occurrences. This magmatic body is constrained by a paired, dextral and sinistral strike-slip fault system. The Lac-St.-Jean Anorthositic Suite represents that part of the former Lac St.-Jean Anorthosite that was emplaced between 1160 and 1140 Ma. The suite still occupies the largest area of any anorthositic mass in the Central Grenville Province. It is characterized by labradorite- and andesine-type anorthositic rocks, is bordered by gabbronoritic fringes along its northern and southeastern margins, and contains sizeable Ti-Fe-P and Ni-Cu occurrences. The western part of this huge anorthositic mass is undeformed, whereas the eastern part was pervasively affected by a system of thrust and strike-slip faults, which resulted in a high degree of recrystallization of the anorthositic rocks. The 1180-1160 Ma Vanel Anorthosite occupies a large part of the eastern margin of the former Lac-St.-Jean-Anorthosite. This unit is characterized by labradorite- and andesine-type anorthositic rocks containing typically pink-colored and almost ubiquitously recristallized plagioclase. It includes abundant coronitic leuconorite, orthopyroxene-bearing leucotroctolite, and norite, and contains a few Ti-Fe-P occurrences. The 1012 +6/-4 Ma Mattawa Anorthosite is an

  6. The importance of hydraulic groundwater theory in catchment hydrology: The legacy of Wilfried Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Troch, Peter A.; Berne, Alexis; Bogaart, Patrick; Harman, Ciaran; Hilberts, Arno G. J.; Lyon, Steve W.; Paniconi, Claudio; Pauwels, Valentijn R. N.; Rupp, David E.; Selker, John S.; Teuling, Adriaan J.; Uijlenhoet, Remko; Verhoest, Niko E. C.

    2013-09-01

    Based on a literature overview, this paper summarizes the impact and legacy of the contributions of Wilfried Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange (Cornell University) with respect to the current state-of-the-art understanding in hydraulic groundwater theory. Forming the basis of many applications in catchment hydrology, ranging from drought flow analysis to surface water-groundwater interactions, hydraulic groundwater theory simplifies the description of water flow in unconfined riparian and perched aquifers through assumptions attributed to Dupuit and Forchheimer. Boussinesq (1877) derived a general equation to study flow dynamics of unconfined aquifers in uniformly sloping hillslopes, resulting in a remarkably accurate and applicable family of results, though often challenging to solve due to its nonlinear form. Under certain conditions, the Boussinesq equation can be solved analytically allowing compact representation of soil and geomorphological controls on unconfined aquifer storage and release dynamics. The Boussinesq equation has been extended to account for flow divergence/convergence as well as for nonuniform bedrock slope (concave/convex). The extended Boussinesq equation has been favorably compared to numerical solutions of the three-dimensional Richards equation, confirming its validity under certain geometric conditions. Analytical solutions of the linearized original and extended Boussinesq equations led to the formulation of similarity indices for baseflow recession analysis, including scaling rules, to predict the moments of baseflow response. Validation of theoretical recession parameters on real-world streamflow data is complicated due to limited measurement accuracy, changing boundary conditions, and the strong coupling between the saturated aquifer with the overlying unsaturated zone. However, recent advances are shown to have mitigated several of these issues. The extended Boussinesq equation has been successfully applied to represent baseflow

  7. [First initiatives for social integration of the mentally ill in one phase of pre-deinstitutionalization. The example of Saint-Jean-de-Dieu, 1910-1950].

    PubMed

    Thifault, Marie-Claude; Perreault, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    This article on the first initiatives of social integration of the mentally ill, using the example of the Hôpital St-Jean-de-Dieu, explores the implementation of a period of deinstitutionalization in the early decades of the 20th century. Our study is situated in the recent historiography that offers a rereading of the period just prior to the Quiet Revolution in Quebec. We intend to contribute by demonstrating that the policies, strategies and practices of the Sisters of Providence and the psychiatrists of St-Jean-de-Dieu developed a system of deinstitutionalization that reintegrated patients into their family as early as the 1910s, half a century before the first wave of deinstitutionalization of the 1960s was orchestrated by the authors of the Bédard report.

  8. Dominique-Jean Larrey, chief surgeon of the French Army with Napoleon in Egypt: notes and observations on Larrey's medical memoirs based on the Egyptian campaign.

    PubMed

    Wood, Mary Mendenhall

    2008-01-01

    Dr. Dominique-Jean Larrey wrote memoirs of 12 diseases he encountered while serving as chief surgeon of the French army during Napoleon's Egyptian campaign. He describes symptoms and treatments, evaluates remedies used by the Egyptians, and the effects of the climate. Of interest are his original though misguided explanations of causes of sickness or complications from wounds as well as descriptions of medications--now known to be dangerous--but all balanced by his common sense and efforts to ameliorate suffering.

  9. When the Jeans Do Not Fit: How Stellar Feedback Drives Stellar Kinematics and Complicates Dynamical Modeling in Low-mass Galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Badry, Kareem; Wetzel, Andrew R.; Geha, Marla; Quataert, Eliot; Hopkins, Philip F.; Kereš, Dusan; Chan, T. K.; Faucher-Giguère, Claude-André

    2017-02-01

    In low-mass galaxies, stellar feedback can drive gas outflows that generate non-equilibrium fluctuations in the gravitational potential. Using cosmological zoom-in baryonic simulations from the Feedback in Realistic Environments project, we investigate how these fluctuations affect stellar kinematics and the reliability of Jeans dynamical modeling in low-mass galaxies. We find that stellar velocity dispersion and anisotropy profiles fluctuate significantly over the course of galaxies’ starburst cycles. We therefore predict an observable correlation between star formation rate and stellar kinematics: dwarf galaxies with higher recent star formation rates should have systemically higher stellar velocity dispersions. This prediction provides an observational test of the role of stellar feedback in regulating both stellar and dark-matter densities in dwarf galaxies. We find that Jeans modeling, which treats galaxies as virialized systems in dynamical equilibrium, overestimates a galaxy’s dynamical mass during periods of post-starburst gas outflow and underestimates it during periods of net inflow. Short-timescale potential fluctuations lead to typical errors of ∼20% in dynamical mass estimates, even if full three-dimensional stellar kinematics—including the orbital anisotropy—are known exactly. When orbital anisotropy is not known a priori, typical mass errors arising from non-equilibrium fluctuations in the potential are larger than those arising from the mass-anisotropy degeneracy. However, Jeans modeling alone cannot reliably constrain the orbital anisotropy, and problematically, it often favors anisotropy models that do not reflect the true profile. If galaxies completely lose their gas and cease forming stars, fluctuations in the potential subside, and Jeans modeling becomes much more reliable.

  10. Doctor Jean-Paul Marat (1743-93) and his time as a physician in Great Britain.

    PubMed

    Silver, J R; Weiner, M-F

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Paul Marat was a French revolutionary, famously murdered in his bath by Charlotte Corday in 1793. A lesser known fact is that for over ten years he lived in Britain where he practised as a doctor. During this time he visited London, Edinburgh, Dublin and Holland. Although he had no formal medical training, he published two medical papers on gleets (gonorrhoea) and diseases of the eyes and, on the recommendation of two eminent Scottish physicians, William Buchan and Hugh James, he was granted a medical degree from the University of St Andrews. Marat left no medical legacy and his related writings were forgotten for 100 years until the rediscovery of the two medical papers, which were eventually re-published in 1892 at the instigation of James Bailey, the librarian of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Biographies by F Chevremont (1880), Ashbee Spencer (1890) and A Cabanès (1891) had rekindled interest in this intriguing revolutionary. A study of his time in Britain and his medical works and training provide an interesting insight into the mind of a revolutionary and how his sojourn may have shaped his future political career upon his return to France in 1777.

  11. Unsupervised classification of lidar-based vegetation structure metrics at Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kranenburg, Christine J.; Palaseanu-Lovejoy, Monica; Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John; Woodman, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Traditional vegetation maps capture the horizontal distribution of various vegetation properties, for example, type, species and age/senescence, across a landscape. Ecologists have long known, however, that many important forest properties, for example, interior microclimate, carbon capacity, biomass and habitat suitability, are also dependent on the vertical arrangement of branches and leaves within tree canopies. The objective of this study was to use a digital elevation model (DEM) along with tree canopy-structure metrics derived from a lidar survey conducted using the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL) to capture a three-dimensional view of vegetation communities in the Barataria Preserve unit of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana. The EAARL instrument is a raster-scanning, full waveform-resolving, small-footprint, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) lidar system designed to map coastal bathymetry, topography and vegetation structure simultaneously. An unsupervised clustering procedure was then applied to the 3-dimensional-based metrics and DEM to produce a vegetation map based on the vertical structure of the park's vegetation, which includes a flotant marsh, scrub-shrub wetland, bottomland hardwood forest, and baldcypress-tupelo swamp forest. This study was completed in collaboration with the National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program's Gulf Coast Network. The methods presented herein are intended to be used as part of a cost-effective monitoring tool to capture change in park resources.

  12. [Crossed paths of two pharmacists in the French Resistance: Jean-François Salomon and Paul-Antoine Joanny].

    PubMed

    Lehmann, Hélène

    2015-06-01

    Born in 1922, Jean-François Salomon--originating from Erstein (Bas-Rhin)--and Paul-Antoine Joanny--originating from Besse-en-Chandesse (Puy-de-Dôme)--begin together their higher education at the "full exercise school of pharmacy" of the University of Clermont-Ferrand (where the University of Strasbourg found refuge from 1940 to 1945). They met again for their officinal initiation training period at the same pharmacist, Mr. Robin, who helped them join the Resistance fighters. They entered thus the movement "Combat". After the war, they kept close family ties--since J.-F. Salomon married in 1949 Yvette Lucienne Joanny, precisely P.-A. Joanny's sister--as well as a shared geographical attachment, in as far as both of them set up as pharmacists in the Auvergne. J.-F. Salomon fulfilled even heavy responsabilities for the National pharmaceutical association in his region of adoption, whereas P.-A. Joanny annexed to his own pharmacy two herbalist's shops without holder.

  13. [Delayed autologous transfusion: about 70 surgical patients at the Saint-Jean-de-Dieu Hospital in Afagnan, Togo].

    PubMed

    Ouédraogo, N; Tomta, K; Agbetra, N; Ouro-Bang'Na Maman, A F

    2006-10-01

    This prospective study was conducted from 2000, September the 1st to October the 31st, at the Saint-Jean-de-Dieu Hospital in Afagnan (Togo). All the 75 patients who received indication of autologous blood transfusion (ABT) accepted the protocol; 70 out of them, among whom 63% were female, benefited an ABT The age of the patients varies between 13 and 80 years old (average 33.2). Initial rate of haemoglobin was on average of 11.7 g/dl; 14% of these patients had a haemoglobin diseases. The most frequent interventions were hysterectomies (21%), bone surgery (16%), prostatectomies (11). Only one blood unit was taken from 63 patients and two units from the 7 others inducing giddiness (5) and headaches (1). During intra and postoperative periods, 41 patients were given 45 units of blood (use rate: 58%). The percentage of patients who received transfusion was 56% in gynaecological surgery 79% in orthopaedics and 88% in urology. Only one patient received an additional homologous unit of blood. The rate of haemoglobin was on average 10.2 g/dl the day after surgery. No incident in connection with the ABT was recorded. The ABT is a feasible, effective and secure method in the context of a small African hospital. It may be a solution to the problems of shortage of blood products and transfusion safety. Training and motivation are necessary for its successful implementation.

  14. Of two lives one? Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud and the question of holism in vitalist medicine.

    PubMed

    Williams, Elizabeth A

    2008-12-01

    Montpellier vitalists upheld a medical perspective akin to modern "holism" in positing the functional unity of creatures imbued with life. While early vitalists focused on the human organism, Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud investigated digestion, growth, and other physiological processes that human beings shared with simpler organisms. Eschewing modern investigative methods, Grimaud promoted a medically-grounded "metaphysics." His influential doctrine of the "two lives" broke with Montpellier holism, classifying some vital phenomena as "higher" and others as "lower" and attributing the "nobility" of the human species to the predominance of the former. In place of Montpellier teaching that attributed health to the holistic equilibration of vital activities, Grimaud embraced spiritualist dualisms of soul and body, Creator and created. Celebrating the divinely-ordained "wisdom" evident in involuntary physiological processes, he argued that such life functions were incomprehensible to human investigators. While Grimaud's work encouraged inquiry into the division between the central and "vegetative" nervous systems that became paradigmatic in nineteenth-century neuroscience, it also opened Montpellier vitalism to charges of conservatism and obscurantism that are still lodged against it to the present day.

  15. A biochemically distinct form of cytochrome oxidase (COX) deficiency in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec.

    PubMed

    Merante, F; Petrova-Benedict, R; MacKay, N; Mitchell, G; Lambert, M; Morin, C; De Braekeleer, M; Laframboise, R; Gagné, R; Robinson, B H

    1993-08-01

    We report the results of biochemical and molecular investigations on a group of patients from the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec who have an unusual form of cytochrome oxidase deficiency and Leigh disease. This group can be distinguished from the classical presentation of cytochrome oxidase deficiency with Leigh disease, by the severity of the biochemical defect in different tissues. The activity in skin fibroblasts, amniocytes, and skeletal muscle of cytochrome oxidase is 50% of normal, while in kidney and heart it is close to normal values. Brain and liver, on the other hand, have very low activities. The defect in activity appears to result from a failure of assembly of the cytochrome oxidase complex in liver, but levels of mRNA for both mitochondrially encoded and nuclear-encoded subunits in liver and skin fibroblasts were found to be the same as those in controls. The cDNA sequence of the liver-specific cytochrome oxidase subunits VIa and VIIa were determined in samples from patient liver and skin fibroblasts and showed normal coding sequence.

  16. A study of inbreeding and kinship in intracranial aneurysms in the Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean region (Quebec, Canada).

    PubMed

    De Braekeleer, M; Pérusse, L; Cantin, L; Bouchard, J M; Mathieu, J

    1996-03-01

    The genealogies of 533 individuals with an intracranial aneurysm (IA) born in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region, a geographically isolated area located in northeastern Quebec, were reconstructed using a population-based register. A control group consisting of three individuals of the same sex and born on the same day and in the same municipality than the IA patients was created; the genealogies of the 1599 controls were also reconstructed. The coefficients of inbreeding and kinship were calculated. Familial aggregation, i.e. the presence of IA in two or more first- to third-degree relatives, was also sought. The mean inbreeding coefficient was lower in the IA group than in the control group (7.92 x 10(-4) versus 10.04 x 10(-4)). The mean kinship coefficient was higher in the IA group than in the control group (2.17 x 10(-4) versus 1.55 x 10(-4)). Forty-eight IA patients (9.0%) were first-degree relatives compared to only 1.9% of the control individuals. The proportion of individuals showing familial aggregation was higher in the IA group than in the control group (29.8% and 18.6% respectively). These results strongly suggest that some IA are genetically determined in this population.

  17. Model for common growth of supermassive black holes, bulges and globular star clusters: Ripping off Jeans clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nieuwenhuizen, Theo M.

    2012-02-01

    It is assumed that a galaxy starts as a dark halo of a few million Jeans clusters (JCs), each of which consists of nearly a trillion micro brown dwarfs, MACHOs of Earth mass. JCs in the galaxy center heat up their MACHOs by tidal forces, which makes them expand, so that coagulation and star formation occurs. Being continuously fed by matter from bypassing JCs, the central star(s) may transform into a super massive black hole. It has a fast t3 growth during the first mega years, and a slow t1/3 growth at giga years. JCs disrupted by a close encounter with this black hole can provide matter for the bulge. Those that survive can be so agitated that they form stars inside them and become globular star clusters. Thus black holes mostly arise together with galactic bulges in their own environment and are about as old as the oldest globular clusters. The age 13.2 Gy of the star HE 1523-0901 puts forward that the Galactic halo was fully assembled at that moment. The star formation rate has a maximum at black hole mass ~4·107Modot and bulge mass ~5·1010Modot. In case of merging supermassive black holes the JCs passing near the galactic center provide ideal assistance to overcome the last parsec.

  18. Jean-Martin Charcot and art: relationship of the "founder of neurology" with various aspects of art.

    PubMed

    Bogousslavsky, Julien; Boller, François

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), the "father of neurology" in France and much beyond, was also the man who established academic psychiatry in Paris, differentiating it from clinical alienism. In his teaching, he used artistic representations from previous centuries to illustrate the historical developments of hysteria, mainly with the help of his pupil Paul Richer. Charcot liked to draw portraits (in particular, sketches of colleagues during boring faculty meetings and students' examinations), caricatures of himself and others, church sculptures, landscapes, soldiers, etc. He also used this skill in his clinical and scientific work; he drew histological or anatomic specimens, as well as patients' features and demeanor. His most daring artistic experiments were drawing under the influence of hashish. Charcot's tastes in art were conservative; he displayed no affinity for the avant-gardes of his time, including impressionism, or for contemporary musicians, such as César Franck or Hector Berlioz. Léon Daudet, son of Charcot's former friend and famous writer Alphonse Daudet, described Charcot's home as a pseudo-gothic kitsch accumulation of heteroclite pieces of furniture and materials. However, as Henry Meige wrote a few years after his mentor's death, Charcot the artist remains "inseparable from Charcot the physician."

  19. "Mathematics made no contribution to the public weal": why Jean Fernel (1497-1558) became a physician.

    PubMed

    Henry, John

    2011-01-01

    This paper offers a caution that emphasis upon the importance of mathematics in recent historiography is in danger of obscuring the historical fact that, for the most part, mathematics was not seen as important in the pre-modern period. The paper proceeds by following a single case study, and in so doing offers the first account of the mathematical writings of Jean Fernel (1497-1558), better known as a leading medical innovator of the 16th century. After establishing Fernel's early commitment to mathematics, and attempt to forge a career as a cosmographer, it goes on to explain his abandonment of mathematics for a career in medicine. The 'mathematization of the world picture' is usually explained in terms of the perceived usefulness of mathematics, but Fernel's case shows that for many pre-modern thinkers, mathematics was not regarded as a useful pursuit. The paper should serve as a reminder, therefore, that the take-up of mathematics by natural philosophers was by no means inevitable, but had to be carefully managed by early modern mathematical practitioners. The case of Fernel indicates that perhaps he was not the only would-be mathematical practitioner to abandon mathematics in favor of a calling that was more appreciated by contemporaries.

  20. Effect of ion radiative cooling on Jeans instability of partially ionized dusty plasma with dust charge fluctuation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Prerana; Patidar, Archana

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, the effect of ion radiative cooling on the gravitational instability of dusty plasma is studied, incorporating dust charge fluctuation with dust-neutral, neutral-ion, and ion-neutral collisions. The basic equations are linearized using normal mode analysis to obtain a general dispersion relation. The general dispersion relation is analytically and numerically discussed to explain the role of ion radiative cooling in the structure formation through gravitational instability. The Jeans collapse criteria are found to be modified due to ion and electron radiative cooling, dust charge fluctuations, and collisions effects. It is determined from the analytical and numerical calculations that the support of radiative cooling of ions drives thermal fluctuations and gives instability to the system. The electron cooling effect remains dominating over ion cooling effect, and thus, it enhances the collapse more efficiently than ion cooling effect. Although the radiative cooling is slow, it may precede the collapse in molecular cloud, which further leads to the structure formation. The present work is relevance for the structure formation in the molecular cloud.

  1. [Psychiatric nursing at the Hospital Saint-Jean-de-Dieu School of Nursing: striking a balance between the spiritual and the technical sides].

    PubMed

    Thifault, Marie-Claude

    2010-01-01

    The art of taking care of the insane developed and solidified at the Hospital Saint-Jean-de-Dieu after a School of Nurses was created there in 1912. Founded by the Sisters of Providence, this new school participated in the transformation of the asylum into a regular hospital. The archives of the Sisters of Providence and the monthly magazine La garde-malade canadienne-française allow us to analyze the discourse of nursing leaders, which was based on the importance of professional training. Scientific discoveries and new technologies were at the heart of the care process at Saint-Jean-de-Dieu, where students were introduced to a technical, as well as a spiritual, education. This article first considers the marginal status of psychiatric nursing training within the larger nurses' professionalization movement. In a second step, it describes the socio-religious context between 1912 and 1962 within which the School of Nurses of the Hospital Saint-Jean-de-Dieu evolved.

  2. Evolution of the phase-space density and the Jeans scale for dark matter derived from the Vlasov-Einstein equation

    SciTech Connect

    Piattella, O.F.; Rodrigues, D.C.; Fabris, J.C.; Pacheco, J.A. de Freitas E-mail: davi.rodrigues@ufes.br E-mail: pacheco@oca.eu

    2013-11-01

    We discuss solutions of Vlasov-Einstein equation for collisionless dark matter particles in the context of a flat Friedmann universe. We show that, after decoupling from the primordial plasma, the dark matter phase-space density indicator Q = ρ/(σ{sub 1D}{sup 2}){sup 3/2} remains constant during the expansion of the universe, prior to structure formation. This well known result is valid for non-relativistic particles and is not ''observer dependent'' as in solutions derived from the Vlasov-Poisson system. In the linear regime, the inclusion of velocity dispersion effects permits to define a physical Jeans length for collisionless matter as function of the primordial phase-space density indicator: λ{sub J} = (5π/G){sup 1/2}Q{sup −1/3}ρ{sub dm}{sup −1/6}. The comoving Jeans wavenumber at matter-radiation equality is smaller by a factor of 2-3 than the comoving wavenumber due to free-streaming, contributing to the cut-off of the density fluctuation power spectrum at the lowest scales. We discuss the physical differences between these two scales. For dark matter particles of mass equal to 200 GeV, the derived Jeans mass is 4.3 × 10{sup −6}M{sub ⊙}.

  3. A genomewide linkage-disequilibrium scan localizes the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean cytochrome oxidase deficiency to 2p16.

    PubMed

    Lee, N; Daly, M J; Delmonte, T; Lander, E S; Xu, F; Hudson, T J; Mitchell, G A; Morin, C C; Robinson, B H; Rioux, J D

    2001-02-01

    Leigh syndrome (LS) affects 1/40,000 newborn infants in the worldwide population and is characterized by the presence of developmental delay and lactic acidosis and by a mean life expectancy variously estimated at 3-5 years. Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) cytochrome oxidase (COX) deficiency (LS French-Canadian type [LSFC] [MIM 220111]), an autosomal recessive form of congenital lactic acidosis, presents with developmental delay and hypotonia. It is an LS variant that is found in a geographically isolated region of Quebec and that occurs in 1/2,178 live births. Patients with LSFC show a phenotype similar to that of patients with LS, but the two groups differ in clinical presentation. We studied DNA samples from 14 patients with LSFC and from their parents, representing a total of 13 families. Because of founder effects in the SLSJ region, considerable linkage disequilibrium (LD) was expected to surround the LSFC mutation. We therefore performed a genomewide screen for LD, using 290 autosomal microsatellite markers. A single marker, D2S1356, located on 2p16, showed significant (P < 10(-5)) genomewide LD. Using high-resolution genetic mapping with additional markers and four additional families with LSFC, we were able to identify a common ancestral haplotype and to limit the critical region to approximately 2 cM between D2S119 and D2S2174. COX7AR, a gene encoding a COX7a-related protein, had previously been mapped to this region. We determined the genomic structure and resequenced this gene in patients with LSFC and in controls but found no functional mutations. Although the LSFC gene remains to be elucidated, the present study demonstrates the feasibility of using a genomewide LD strategy to localize the critical region for a rare genetic disease in a founder population.

  4. Complete identification of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator mutations in the CF population of Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    PubMed

    De Braekeleer, M; Mari, C; Verlingue, C; Allard, C; Leblanc, J P; Simard, F; Aubin, G; Férec, C

    1998-01-01

    Over the past few years, we have conducted a systematic study of 230 cystic fibrosis (CF) chromosomes in the Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) population which has a high CF incidence (1/936 live births). We identified 11 mutations accounting for 100% of the CF chromosomes found in patients born in SLSJ. Our results indicate that denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) is a powerful method of identifying CF mutations. They have also considerable implications for genetic counselling and molecular characterization of doubtful patients. They make carrier screening technically feasible in this population.

  5. [Excerpts from the eulogy of Jean-Louis Petit presented during the public session of the Royal Academy of Surgery on May 26 1750 by A. Louis].

    PubMed

    Louis, A

    2001-06-01

    Jean-Louis Petit (1674-1750) was first enthusiastic about anatomy, received a master's certificate in surgery in Paris in 1700, became a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences in 1715, and was named director of the Royal Academy of Surgery by the king when it was created in 1731. He acquired great notoriety because of his skill and experience, thanks to his case reports of hemorrhage, lacrimal fistula, operation on the frenum, for his treatise on bone diseases and especially for his general treatise on surgical operations on which he worked 12 years and which was finished after his death by F.D. Lesne.

  6. [Comment on “Plate tectonics: Scientific revolution or scientific program?” by Jean-Claude Mareschal] Development of plate tectonics theory: The missing piece

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doe, Bruce R.

    The recent article by Jean-Claude Mareschal (“Plate Tectonics: Scientific Revolution or Scientific Program?” in Eos, May 19, 1987, p. 529) adds to the interesting literature on the evolution of the theory of plate tectonics. It is curious that an aspect of the general theory that seems to be little considered and mentioned by Mareschal or others who write about the history of development of the theory, but that was vitally important in my own acceptance of the theory, was the discovery of subduction and, to a lesser extent, abduction.

  7. First observations of the second solar spectrum with spatial resolution at the Lunette Jean Rösch

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malherbe, J.-M.; Moity, J.; Arnaud, J.; Roudier, Th.

    2007-02-01

    Context: A new polarimeter has been installed at the focus of the 50 cm refractor of the Lunette Jean Rösch (LJR), previously known as Turret Dome, Pic du Midi, France, for spectroscopic observations of weak solar magnetic fields. Fields can be derived through the Hanle effect from the depolarization of the second solar spectrum (i.e. the linearly polarized spectrum at the limb). Aims: We present the first observations with spatial resolution based on the new device performed with the large 8 m Echelle spectrograph, or recorded in imagery mode through narrow band filters. The observations started in April 2004, especially in the blue part of the spectrum where our instrumentation has a particularly good efficiency. The capabilities and the characteristics of the new instrument are briefly described. We observed several lines of the second solar spectrum with the slit of the spectrograph orthogonal to the limb to study the polarization as a function of limb distance (which is related to altitude in the atmosphere), and several spectral windows in imagery to determine the average continuum polarization. Methods: The polarimeter uses Nematic Liquid Crystal (NLC) technology at the primary focus of the refractor, in spectroscopic or imagery mode. Results: A continuous polarization profile through the limb is presented for the photospheric SrI 460.7 nm line, the low chromospheric BaII 455.4 nm line, and the CaI 422.7 nm line within a distance of 120´´, together with measurements of the mean continuum polarization obtained in imagery mode. Preliminary results of the polarization of the SrI 460.7 nm line are also shown at 40´´ from the limb, as a function of the brightness of structures visible in the continuum (granulation). They reveal a tendency for the polarization to be weaker in dark features (intergranules) than in bright ones (granules), suggesting a stronger magnetic field in intergranular lanes. As example the enigmatic and weak polarization signal in the

  8. [The adventures of doctor Jean Matuszinski, friend of Frédéric Chopin, from Warsaw in 1808 to Paris in 1842].

    PubMed

    Hazard, Jean

    2005-01-01

    Jean Matuszinski, a Pole born in Warsaw, happened to be the student of a Frenchman who had emigrated to Poland: Nicolas Chopin. French was still widely spoken at that time in Matuszinski's native land. For a while, Matsuzinski was even a boarder in Warsaw, lived with this Franco-Polish family and became a close friend to Nicolas' son, Frederic Chopin. He was the only one who kept in touch with Chopin, despite the many international dramatic events of the time: an insurrection in Poland rapidly squashed by the Russians. Paris became the heart of the intellectual and artistic life for Polish citizens who took refuge there. After spending some time in Germany where Jean Matuszinski received a doctorate in medicine from the university of Tubingen in 1834, he went to Paris where he was delighted to meet again with Frederic Chopin, and received another doctorate from the Faculty of Medicine of Paris. During his short medical career, he was able to observe several forms of tuberculsis: an acute that killed Frederic's younger sister, and a chronic one that affected Frederic for more than fifteen years. But Matuszinski could take care of Chopin only during the first six years of the latter's illness because himself died from a severe subacute form of tuberculosis, when he was only 33 years old.

  9. Fluvio-deltaic progradation in forced regressive deglacial succession: lessons from the Lake Saint-Jean (Québec, Canada, late Quaternary)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nutz, Alexis; Ghienne, Jean-François; Schuster, Mathieu; Roquin, Claude; Dietrich, Pierre; Bouchette, Frédéric; Cousineau, Pierre A.

    2015-04-01

    Deltas simultaneously respond to modifications in water discharge, sediment supply and base-level change. As a consequence, they provide accurate archive for deciphering environmental change through times. In this contribution, a Late Quaternary deglacial sequence is documented from Lake Saint-Jean basin (Québec, Canada) where sediments have recorded the Laurentide ice sheet (LIS) retreat accompanied by the invasion of marine waters (Laflamme Gulf) from ca. 12.9 cal. ky BP. Subsequently, fluvio-deltaic and then coastal prograding wedges emplaced following the base level fall induced by the glacio-isostatic rebound. The related succession, representing a transition from glacial to post-glacial periods within a previously glaciated area, was investigated through recent geological mapping, preserved landforms, facies analysis, and new optical stimulated luminescence (OSL) and radiocarbon (14C) dates. Three basin-scale geological sections are presented focusing on the architectures and facies of fluvio-deltaic progradations emplaced from 12.9 cal. ka BP to present-day in Lake Saint-Jean. Overlying the bedrock, isolated ice-contact fan deposits are capped by glacimarine muds. Above, fluvio-deltaic and coastal prograding systems were deposited following four major evolutions through time: (i) deltaic systems progressively increased in width, (ii) coastal influence on sedimentation increased, (iii) hydrographic drainage systems became more organised, and (iv) delta graded from steep (Gilbert delta) to low-angle foresets (mouth-bar delta). These evolutions in fluvio-deltaic systems are attributed to the modifications in water discharge, sediment supply and rate of base level fall driven by the deglaciation. The presented succession is considered as representative of the sedimentological signature of fluvial progradations in forced regressive deglacial sequences. Derived from the Lake Saint-Jean basin, this study provides new elements for the recognition and interpretation

  10. [Organization of care : specialized psychiatric clinic or general psychiatric clinic ? A debate between Louis Guérette and Jean-Pierre Rodriguez.].

    PubMed

    Robitaille, D

    1999-01-01

    The author reports on the opinions of doctors Louis Guérette and Jean-Pierre Rodriguez, both psychiatrists - one working at the Pavillon Notre-Dame of the Centre hospitalier universitaire de Montréal (CHUM) - the other at the Pavillon Albert-Prévost (PAP) of the Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, - on the place of specialized psychiatric clinics in the organization of care in psychiatry. Dr Guérette who practices general psychiatry thinks specialized clinics are not an appropriate mode of care delivery. Dr Rodriguez, answering to Dr Guérette's arguments, presents the organizational system of specialized clinics put in place at the PAP. The questions raised by the author and the psychiatrists' answers are reported. Finally, the author, a resident doctor in psychiatry, presents his own personal opinion on the issue.

  11. Confirming the identity of two enigmatic “spiny solanums” (Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) collected by Jean-Baptiste Leschenault in Java

    PubMed Central

    Aubriot, Xavier; Loup, Caroline; Knapp, Sandra

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Taxonomic revision of the tropical Asian species of Solanum revealed two names, Solanum poka Dunal and Solanum graciliflorum Dunal, whose identities were uncertain and whose application has always been tentative. Material collected in Java at the beginning of the 19th century by Jean-Baptiste Leschenault de la Tour and used to describe these taxa has not been found, despite extensive searches in European herbaria. We here stabilise use of these names by comparing herbarium specimens and drawings of original material made by the artist Toussaint François Node-Véran. Detailed descriptions with synonymy, preliminary conservation assessments and specimen citations are provided for both species. Lectotypes are designated for all names (including synonyms) and epitypes designated for Solanum poka and Solanum graciliflorum to stabilise usage. PMID:27829800

  12. Hell in the family: married women and madness before institutionalization at the St-Jean-de-Dieu Asylum, 1890-1921.

    PubMed

    Thifault, Marie-Claude

    2011-01-01

    Research in Montreal's St-Jean-de-Dieu Asylum archives has revealed a number of letters from family members and local physicians pleading for asylum care for married women between 1890 and 1921. When added to other admission documents in patients' medical files, these letters allow an intimate glimpse into private lives of families and highlight the pain and distress of dealing with mentally ill people in the home before the introduction of community mental health services. Far from easily abandoning a spouse or mother, close-knit French Canadian families struggled until they could no longer cope before seeking help. To comply with asylum regulations, family members (primarily husbands, who were often illiterate) and local physicians were required to justify their applications for admission, but they did so in different ways.

  13. Nomenclatural notes on the Eurytomids (Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae) described by Jean Brèthes housed in Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia".

    PubMed

    Gates, Michael W

    2014-04-16

    Ten Eurytomidae (Hymenoptera) parasitic wasp species described by Jean Brèthes and deposited in the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales in Buenos Aires are treated and their nomenclature stabilized. The condition of the type material is described. Lectotypes are designated for Decatoma cecidosiphaga Brèthes, Prodecatoma parodii Brèthes, Eudecatoma opposita Brèthes, and Eurytoma caridei Brèthes. One new generic synonymy, Xanthosomodes Brèthes with Tetramesa Walker, n. syn., and five new combinations are proposed: Tetramesa albiangulata (Brèthes), n. comb.; Phylloxeroxenus caridei (Brèthes), n. comb.; Aximopsis vulgata (Brèthes), n. comb.; Proseurytoma parodii (Brèthes), n. comb.; and Bruchophagus opposita (Brèthes), n. comb. Sycophila paranensis Brèthes is declared incertae sedis.

  14. Experimental characterization of NIF hohlraum emission in the Rayleigh-Jeans limit (1 eV to 5 eV)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moody, J. D.; Goyon, C. E.; Ross, J. S.; Swadling, G. F.; Moore, A. S.; Baker, K. L.; Thomas, C. A.; Schneider, M. B.; Landen, O. L.; Michel, P. A.; Strozzi, D. J.; Divol, L.; Widmann, K.

    2016-10-01

    We use several measurements to estimate NIF hohlraum emission in the Rayleigh-Jeans limit where hν <

  15. "He sees the development of children's concepts upon a background of sociology": Jean Piaget's honorary degree at Harvard University in 1936.

    PubMed

    Hsueh, Yeh

    2004-02-01

    In the recent memory, Jean Piaget has been known as a cognitive developmental psychologist. But in 1936 when Harvard gave him his first honorary degree, he was recognized mainly as a sociologist. Why did Harvard honor him in 1936? Who knew his work well enough to nominate him? This article will address these questions by exploring archival documents from different sources. Evidence draws our attention to a broad social and intellectual endeavor in philanthropy, other social sciences, and especially industrial research that brought Piaget across the water. This article also attempts to interpret the circumstances of the nomination process inside and outside of Harvard University by using a theory of institutional design. It suggests that embodied in Harvard's honor of Piaget in 1936 was an idealistic act in social designing for a future society.

  16. Historical sources about diseases, death and embalming regarding the family of Jean Antoine Michel Agar, Minister of Finance of Gioacchino Murat.

    PubMed

    Marinozzi, S; Gazzaniga, V; Giuffra, V; Fornaciari, G

    2011-06-01

    Among the mummies preserved in the Basilica of San Domenico Maggiore in Naples, there are the bodies of the wife and three children of Jean Antoine Michel Agar, Minister of Finance of Naple's Kingdom during the Monarchy of Joachim Murat (1808-1815). Between 1983 and 1987 paleopathological analyses were performed; in particular, X-ray examination allowed investigation of the health status of the Agar family members and reconstruction of the embalming processes used to preserve the bodies. In addition, an analysis of the historical and archival documents was carried out, to formulate hypotheses about the causes of death, demonstrating how these sources could become important instruments to obtain diagnoses and pathological histories.

  17. Lifting the Dusty Veil with Near- and Mid-infrared Photometry. I. Description and Applications of the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess Method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majewski, Steven R.; Zasowski, Gail; Nidever, David L.

    2011-09-01

    The Milky Way (MW) remains a primary laboratory for understanding the structure and evolution of spiral galaxies, but typically we are denied clear views of MW stellar populations at low Galactic latitudes because of extinction by interstellar dust. However, the combination of Two Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS) near-infrared (NIR) and Spitzer-IRAC mid-infrared (MIR) photometry enables a powerful method for determining the line-of-sight reddening to any star: the sampled wavelengths lie in the Rayleigh-Jeans part of the spectral energy distribution of most stars, where, to first order, all stars have essentially the same intrinsic color. Thus, changes in stellar NIR-MIR colors due to interstellar reddening are readily apparent, and (under an assumed extinction law) the observed colors and magnitudes of stars can be easily and accurately restored to their intrinsic values, greatly increasing their usefulness for Galactic structure studies. In this paper, we explore this "Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess" (RJCE) method and demonstrate that use of even a simple variant of the RJCE method based on a single reference color, (H -[4.5μ]), can rather accurately remove dust effects from previously uninterpretable 2MASS color-magnitude diagrams of stars in fields along the heavily reddened Galactic midplane, with results far superior to those derived from application of other dereddening methods. We also show that "total" Galactic midplane extinction looks rather different from that predicted using 100μ emission maps from the IRAS/ISSA and COBE/DIRBE instruments as presented by Schlegel et al. Instead, the Galactic midplane extinction strongly resembles the distribution of 13CO (J = 1→0) emission. Future papers will focus on refining the RJCE method and applying the technique to understand better not only dust and its distribution but also the distribution of stars intermixed with the dust in the low-latitude Galaxy.

  18. LIFTING THE DUSTY VEIL WITH NEAR- AND MID-INFRARED PHOTOMETRY. I. DESCRIPTION AND APPLICATIONS OF THE RAYLEIGH-JEANS COLOR EXCESS METHOD

    SciTech Connect

    Majewski, Steven R.; Zasowski, Gail; Nidever, David L. E-mail: gz2n@virginia.edu

    2011-09-20

    The Milky Way (MW) remains a primary laboratory for understanding the structure and evolution of spiral galaxies, but typically we are denied clear views of MW stellar populations at low Galactic latitudes because of extinction by interstellar dust. However, the combination of Two Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS) near-infrared (NIR) and Spitzer-IRAC mid-infrared (MIR) photometry enables a powerful method for determining the line-of-sight reddening to any star: the sampled wavelengths lie in the Rayleigh-Jeans part of the spectral energy distribution of most stars, where, to first order, all stars have essentially the same intrinsic color. Thus, changes in stellar NIR-MIR colors due to interstellar reddening are readily apparent, and (under an assumed extinction law) the observed colors and magnitudes of stars can be easily and accurately restored to their intrinsic values, greatly increasing their usefulness for Galactic structure studies. In this paper, we explore this 'Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess' (RJCE) method and demonstrate that use of even a simple variant of the RJCE method based on a single reference color, (H -[4.5{mu}]), can rather accurately remove dust effects from previously uninterpretable 2MASS color-magnitude diagrams of stars in fields along the heavily reddened Galactic midplane, with results far superior to those derived from application of other dereddening methods. We also show that 'total' Galactic midplane extinction looks rather different from that predicted using 100{mu} emission maps from the IRAS/ISSA and COBE/DIRBE instruments as presented by Schlegel et al. Instead, the Galactic midplane extinction strongly resembles the distribution of {sup 13}CO (J = 1{yields}0) emission. Future papers will focus on refining the RJCE method and applying the technique to understand better not only dust and its distribution but also the distribution of stars intermixed with the dust in the low-latitude Galaxy.

  19. The raft of the Saint-Jean River, Gaspé (Québec, Canada): A dynamic feature trapping most of the wood transported from the catchment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boivin, Maxime; Buffin-Bélanger, Thomas; Piégay, Hervé

    2015-02-01

    The rivers of the Gaspé Peninsula, Québec (Canada), a coastal drainage system of the St. Lawrence River, receive and transport vast quantities of large wood. The rapid rate of channel shifting caused by high-energy flows and noncohesive banks allows wood recruitment that in turn greatly influences river dynamics. The delta of the Saint-Jean River has accumulated wood since 1960, leading to frequent avulsions over that time period. The wood raft there is now more than 3-km in length, which is unusual but natural. This jam configuration allows a unique opportunity to estimate a wood budget at the scale of a long river corridor and to better understand the dynamics of large wood (LW) in rivers. A wood budget includes the evaluation of wood volumes (i) produced by bank erosion (input), (ii) still in transit in the river corridor (deposited on sand bars or channel edges), and (iii) accumulated in the delta (output). The budget is based on an analysis of aerial photos dating back to 1963 as well as surveys carried out in 2010, all of which were used to locate and describe large wood accumulations along a 60-km river section. The main results of this paper show that the raft formation in the delta is dynamic and can be massive, but it is a natural process. Considering the estimated wood volume trapped in the delta from 1963 to 2013 (≈ 25,000 m3), two important points are revealed by the quantification of the wood recruitment volume from 1963 to 2004 (≈ 27,000 m3 ± 400 m3) and of the wood volume stored on the bars in 2010 (≈ 5950 m3). First, the recruitment of large wood from lateral migration for the 40-year period can account for the volume of large wood in the delta and in transit. Second, the excess wood volume produced by lateral migration and avulsion represents a minimum estimation of the large wood trapped on the floodplain owing to wood volume that has decomposed and large wood that exited the river system. Rafts are major trapping structures that provide

  20. “Advice to the medical students in my service”: the rediscovery of a golden book by Jean Hamburger, father of nephrology and of medical humanities

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Jean Hamburger (1909–1992) is considered the founder of the concept of medical intensive care (réanimation médicale) and the first to propose the name Nephrology for the branch of medicine dealing with kidney diseases. One of the first kidney grafts in the world (with short-term success), in 1953, and the first dialysis session in France, in 1955, were performed under his guidance. His achievements as a writer were at least comparable: Hamburger was awarded several important literary prizes, including prix Femina, prix Balzac and the Cino del Duca prize (1979), awarded, among others, to Jorge Luis Borges and Konrad Lorenz. Here we would like to offer a selected reading of a “golden” book, “Conseils aux étudiants en medicine de mon service” (“Advice to the Medical Students in my Service”), the first book dedicated to patient-physician relationship in Nephrology, written when dialysis and transplantation were becoming clinical options (1963). The themes include: the central role of the patient, who should be known by name, profession, life style, and not by disease; the importance of the setting of the care; the need for truth-telling and for leaving hope; the role of research not only in the progression of science, but also in the daily clinical practice. PMID:23497662

  1. "Advice to the medical students in my service": the rediscovery of a golden book by Jean Hamburger, father of nephrology and of medical humanities.

    PubMed

    Barbara, Piccoli Giorgina

    2013-03-15

    Jean Hamburger (1909-1992) is considered the founder of the concept of medical intensive care (réanimation médicale) and the first to propose the name Nephrology for the branch of medicine dealing with kidney diseases. One of the first kidney grafts in the world (with short-term success), in 1953, and the first dialysis session in France, in 1955, were performed under his guidance. His achievements as a writer were at least comparable: Hamburger was awarded several important literary prizes, including prix Femina, prix Balzac and the Cino del Duca prize (1979), awarded, among others, to Jorge Luis Borges and Konrad Lorenz.Here we would like to offer a selected reading of a "golden" book, "Conseils aux étudiants en medicine de mon service" ("Advice to the Medical Students in my Service"), the first book dedicated to patient-physician relationship in Nephrology, written when dialysis and transplantation were becoming clinical options (1963). The themes include: the central role of the patient, who should be known by name, profession, life style, and not by disease; the importance of the setting of the care; the need for truth-telling and for leaving hope; the role of research not only in the progression of science, but also in the daily clinical practice.

  2. [Preliminary results on the residence distribution at birth of patients with Alzheimer's disease in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean/Quebec (the IMAGE project)].

    PubMed

    Emard, J F; Thouez, J P; Mathieu, J; Boily, C; Beaudry, M; Cholette, A; Robitaille, Y; Bouchard, R; Gauvreau, D

    1992-01-01

    The IMAGE Project is pursuing the establishment of a population-based registry of Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) (Quebec). The authors report on the spatial distribution at birth of 221 possible, probable and definite cases. A large network of key-informants for screening AD cases has been established over SLSJ. The spatial distribution of cases at birth and at the onset of disease has been computed by calculating the Alzheimer birth rate (ABR) on the basis of three scales: six specific geographical spheres of screening, all municipalities, and the public health departments. The statistical significance of results was determined using the theoretical Poisson and the Chi square distributions. ABR for each of the geographical spheres of screening showed no statistically significant differences considering either residence at the onset of the disease or residence at birth. Furthermore, differences were observed between rural and urban areas with an interesting trend for a higher number of cases than expected in one area of SLSJ. The spatial distribution of cases considered on the basis of residence at birth appears to show a different pattern, but no significant, from that measured on the basis of residence at the onset of disease. Screening of cases is actively being pursued all across SLSJ by the IMAGE network. There is a clear trend towards rural residence at birth of cases. It remains to see whether or not this observation is due to a geographical concentration of familial cases.

  3. In memoriam: Jean Blancou, DVM, 1936-2010. World authority on rabies, historian and former Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE).

    PubMed

    2011-01-01

    Jean-Marie Blancou was born in Bangui on 28 August 1936 and passed away in Paris on 10 November 2010 at the age of 74. After studying at the Pierre de Fermat Lycée in Toulouse, Jean Blancou graduated from the Toulouse Veterinary School in 1960. He continued his studies in tropical veterinary medicine in Paris until 1963, extending his knowledge of immunology, microbiology, biochemistry and zoology, at the Institut Pasteur. He obtained his doctorate in biological sciences at the University of Nancy in 1982. Jean Blancou commenced his career as technical adviser to the Veterinary Services of Ethiopia where he directed a campaign against rinderpest in the south of the county. From 1965 to 1967 he was deputy director of the national veterinary laboratory in Niamey where he was responsible for the diagnosis of animal diseases and the production of veterinary vaccines. In 1967, he moved to the central livestock laboratory in Madagascar, where he commenced research on the diagnosis and control of dermatophilosis, bovine tuberculosis and other bacterial and parasitic diseases. In August 1968 he married Geneviève Orue. In 1975 he was appointed as head of the national veterinary laboratory in Senegal, where he remained until 1977. Initially deputy director, and then director of Research on rabies and wildlife diseases, at the World Health Organization collaborating centre in Nancy, he remained in this position until 1990. Jean Blancou was recognised as a world authority on rabies. He conducted research into the diagnosis, aetiology, epidemiology and control of rabies during his time in Nancy. Between 1988 and 1990, Dr Blancou also headed the animal health and protection department of the Centre national d'études vétérinaires et animales (CNEVA) in Maisons-Alfort. On 1 January 1991, he was appointed director general of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE) and was re-elected in 1995 for a further five-year term, until he

  4. Reduction of forecast uncertainty in the context of hydropower production: a case study for two catchment in Lac-St-Jean, Canada

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brisson, Cathy; Boucher, Marie-Amélie; Latraverse, Marco

    2014-05-01

    This research focuses on the improvement of streamflow forecasts for two subcatchments in the Lac-St-Jean area, a northern part of the province of Quebec in Canada. Those two subcatchments, named Manouane and Passes-Dangereuses, are part of a bigger system, which comprises many reservoirs and six hydropower plants. This system is managed by Rio Tinto Alcan, an aluminium producer who needs this energy for its processes. Optimal management of the hydropower plants highly depends on the reliability of the inflow forecasts to the reservoirs and also on the reliability of observed streamflow. The latter are not directly measured, but rather deduced from the computation of a water balance. This water balance includes streamflow computation based on rating curves for river sections and upstream reservoirs and a modelling process using CEQUEAU hydrological model (Morin et al., 1981). In addition, mostly during the winter, the model has to account for a transfer of water from Lac Manouane reservoir to Passes-Dangereuses through Bonnard channel. Winter flow though Bonnard channel is controlled by a spillway, and represented in CEQUEAU by a transfer function and a fixed time delay (2 days). However, it is suspected that the evacuation function, as it is currently computed, is inaccurate. The main objective of this work is to reduce predictive uncertainty for Lac Manouane and Passes-Dangereuses catchment, for the one-day ahead horizon. This objective is twofold. First, the uncertainty related to the parameterization of the hydrological model had never been evaluated. It was to be investigated whether it is better to spatialize the calibration of the hydrological model. In its actual form, the calibration of the hydrological model CEQUEAU (Morin et al., 1981) is based exclusively on the downstream outflow. There is, however, intermediate streamflow measurements data available for an intermediate location. Our study shows that calibrating the model using streamflows for both

  5. Crime, hysteria and belle époque hypnotism: the path traced by Jean-Martin Charcot and Georges Gilles de la Tourette.

    PubMed

    Bogousslavsky, Julien; Walusinski, Olivier; Veyrunes, Denis

    2009-01-01

    Hysteria and hypnotism became a favorite topic of studies in the fin de siècle neurology that emerged from the school organized at La Salpêtrière by Jean-Martin Charcot, where he had arrived in 1861. Georges Gilles de la Tourette started working with Charcot in 1884 and probably remained his most faithful student, even after his mentor's death in 1893. This collaboration was particularly intense on 'criminal hypnotism', an issue on which Hippolyte Bernheim and his colleagues from the Nancy School challenged the positions taken by the Salpêtrière School. Bernheim claimed that hypnotism was not a diagnostic feature of hysteria and that there were real-life examples of murders suggested under hypnosis, while hypnosis susceptibility was identified with hysteria by Charcot and Gilles de la Tourette, who saw rape as the only crime associated with hypnotism. The quarrel was particularly virulent during a series of famous criminal cases which took place between 1888 and 1890. At the time, it was considered that La Salpêtrière had succeeded over Nancy, since the role of hypnotism was discarded during these famous trials. However, the theories of Charcot and Gilles de la Tourette were also damaged by the fight, which probably triggered the conceptual evolution leading to Joseph Babinski's revision of hysteria in 1901. Gilles de la Tourette's strong and public interest in hypnotism nearly cost him his life, when a young woman who claimed to have been hypnotized against her will shot him in the head at his own home in 1893. It was subsequently shown that hypnotism had nothing to do with it. The delusional woman was interned at Sainte-Anne for mental disturbance, thus escaping trial. Ironically, Gilles de la Tourette may have been partly responsible, since he had been one of the strongest proponents of placing mentally-ill criminals in asylums instead of prisons. 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel

  6. Formative Assessment Probes: Wet Jeans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeley, Page

    2015-01-01

    Picture a wet towel or a puddle of water on a hot, sunny day. An hour later, the towel is dry and the puddle no longer exists. What happened to the water? Where did it go? These are questions that reveal myriad interesting student ideas about evaporation and the water cycle--ideas that provide teachers with a treasure trove of data they can use to…

  7. Formative Assessment Probes: Wet Jeans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeley, Page

    2015-01-01

    Picture a wet towel or a puddle of water on a hot, sunny day. An hour later, the towel is dry and the puddle no longer exists. What happened to the water? Where did it go? These are questions that reveal myriad interesting student ideas about evaporation and the water cycle--ideas that provide teachers with a treasure trove of data they can use to…

  8. Jean Parker School, San Francisco.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Soren

    1999-01-01

    Describes the post-earthquake renovation of a San Francisco urban elementary school that preserved its historical detail within a modern replacement. Design features are detailed; photos and a floorplan are included. (GR)

  9. Fish and Aquatic Invertebrate Communities in Waterways, and Contaminants in Fish, at the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana, 1999-2000

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Swarzenski, Christopher M.; Mize, Scott V.; Thompson, Bruce A.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2004-01-01

    Fish and aquatic invertebrate communities in waterways of the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana, were surveyed from 1999 to 2000. An inventory of fish in the Barataria Preserve was established, and concentrations of selected organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and trace elements; iron; and manganese in fish tissue for selected species were determined. The fish and aquatic invertebrate sampling completed for this study indicated that abundant and diverse communities are present in the Barataria Preserve. Thirty-two species of fish were identified in the Barataria Preserve during this survey. The total number of species identified in a single sampling ranged from 20 to 26. Most of the fish sampled are designated as intermediate in their tolerance to poor water quality. Three species of fish designated as tolerant (common carp, Cyprinus carpio; golden shiner, Notemigonus crysoleucas; and yellow bullhead, Ameiurus natalis), and one as intolerant (lake chubsucker, Erymizon sucetta), were identified. In November 1999, the average total weight of all fish collected by boat-mounted electroshocker from a single site was about 35,000 grams; in May and July 1999, the average total weight was between 9,000 and 10,000 grams. The contribution of spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus) to the total weight of the fish averaged between 38 and 41 percent among the three sample periods. Members of the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) contributed between 18 and 28 percent of the total weight. For each sampling period, 60 to 83 percent of the total weight from the sunfish family was contributed by bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Aquatic invertebrates were sampled at three sites. Most aquatic invertebrates identified were freshwater species, but some were brackish-water and marine species. About 234,000 organisms were identified and enumerated from the richest-targeted habitat (RTH

  10. Description of a New Genus and Species of Stygobiontic Diving Beetle, Psychopomporus felipi Jean, Telles, and Miller (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporinae), from the Edwards-Trinity Aquifer System of Texas, USA.

    PubMed

    Jean, April; Telles, Nicole D; Gibson, J Randy; Foley, Dan; Miller, Kelly B

    2012-06-01

    Psychopomporus felipi Jean, Telles, and Miller, new genus and new species (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae), is described from San Felipe Springs, Val Verde County, Texas, USA, which emerges from the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system. Psychopomporus felipi shows several features typical of subterranean diving beetles, such as depigmentation, compound eyes reduced, elytra fused, and flight wings absent. Psychopomporus differs from other hydroporine genera in having a broad elytral epipleuron, the prosternal process small and with a medial, strongly produced prominence, and the meso- and (to a lesser extent) protibia apically broadly expanded and medially distinctly curved. This is the fourth stygobiontic diving beetle described from the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system in south-central Texas, USA.

  11. Description of a New Genus and Species of Stygobiontic Diving Beetle, Psychopomporus felipi Jean, Telles, and Miller (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporinae), from the Edwards-Trinity Aquifer System of Texas, USA

    PubMed Central

    Jean, April; Telles, Nicole D.; Gibson, J. Randy; Foley, Dan; Miller, Kelly B.

    2014-01-01

    Psychopomporus felipi Jean, Telles, and Miller, new genus and new species (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae), is described from San Felipe Springs, Val Verde County, Texas, USA, which emerges from the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system. Psychopomporus felipi shows several features typical of subterranean diving beetles, such as depigmentation, compound eyes reduced, elytra fused, and flight wings absent. Psychopomporus differs from other hydroporine genera in having a broad elytral epipleuron, the prosternal process small and with a medial, strongly produced prominence, and the meso- and (to a lesser extent) protibia apically broadly expanded and medially distinctly curved. This is the fourth stygobiontic diving beetle described from the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system in south-central Texas, USA. PMID:25177045

  12. Resurvey of quality of surface water and bottom material of the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana, 1999-2000

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Swarzenski, Christopher M.

    2003-01-01

    The quality of water and bottom material in the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana, was surveyed from March 1999 to May 2000. Organochlorine, chlorophenoxy acid, and organophosphorus pesticides; polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB?s); and trace elements were analyzed in surface water and bottom material from three sites previously sampled in a 1981-82 survey. Surface water at six sites was sampled and analyzed for selected nutrients and major inorganic ions based on their importance to human health, the health of the marshes of the Barataria Preserve, or their usefulness in tracking the circulation of Mississippi River water in the Barataria Preserve. Southern Louisiana was in a moderate to severe drought during most of the sampling period, which elevated salinity in the Barataria Preserve for at least 8 months. Specific conductance values were less than 3,000 ?S/cm (microsiemens per centimeter at 25 degrees Celsius) in surface water throughout the Barataria Preserve from March through September 1999. Specific conductance values increased over the next 2 months and then remained between 5,000 and 6,000 ?S/cm. The herbicide 2,4-D was detected in water at the two sites sampled in August 1999 but not at any site during the two other sampling times. Iron, manganese, and the trace elements copper, nickel, and zinc were detected in dissolved and whole-water samples at all three sites. Nitrite+ nitrate, as nitrogen, concentrations ranged from less than 0.002 to 0.19 mg/L (milligrams per liter). Ammonia, as nitrogen, concentrations ranged from less than 0.01 to 0.16 mg/L. Orthophosphate, as phosphorus, concentrations ranged from less than 0.002 to 0.14 mg/L. Calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulfate, and chloride concentrations in surface water were elevated due to the marine influence on the composition of surface water in the Barataria Preserve during the sampling period. Sulfate and chloride concentrations reached 379 and 2

  13. Fe and Ti in Plagioclase From the Lac Saint-Jean Anorthosite: Significance of the Si4O8 and AlAl3SiO8 End-Members in Plagioclase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murakami, H.; Lalonde, A. E.

    2004-05-01

    Plagioclase phenocrysts from the Proterozoic Lac Saint-Jean massif anorthosite have a distinctive black color that is attributed to myriads of oriented μ m-size Fe-Ti oxides. These inclusions have variable composition within the ilmenite-hematite solid solution and are responsible for the black color of the plagioclase. In some plagioclase specimens the fine inclusions have coarsened by Ostwald ripening to acicular grains of hematite ~10 μ m in length. In addition, coarser crystals or clusters of crystals of ilmenite or magnetite, ~1 mm in diameter, are observed and on occasion are rimmed by late amphibole that formed presumably by late deuteric hydration. Electron microprobe and X-ray fluorescence analyses of the plagioclase reveal significant contents of the Si4O8 (up to 2.2 mole %) and AlAl3SiO8 (up to 6.6 mole %) end members. A positive relationship is observed between the content of these two end members. Furthermore, the ratio of Si4O8 to AlAl3SiO8 is between 3 to 4. We believe that the high content of Si4O8 and AlAl3SiO8 in plagioclase, and the presence of minute Fe-Ti oxide inclusions are both products of a late postmagmatic oxidation via the following chemical reactions: 1) 4Ti2+Fe2+Si3O8 + 2O2 -> 4FeTiO3 + 3 Si4O8 2) 12Fe2+Fe2+Si3O8 + 4O2 -> 8Fe3O4 + 9 Si4O8 3) 8Fe2+Al2Si2O8 + 2O2 -> 4Fe2O3 + 3 Si4O8 + 4AlAl3SiO8 4) 4Ti2+Al2Si2O8 + 4Fe2+Al2Si2O8 + 2O2 -> 4FeTiO3 + 3 Si4O8 + 4AlAl3SiO8 These reactions indicate that significant amounts of Fe2+ and Ti2+ were originally present in the tetrahedral and cavity sites of the plagioclase. We conclude that plagioclase in the Lac Saint-Jean anorthosite crystallized under fairly reducing conditions and later underwent postmagmatic oxidation when the plutonic mass was uplifted and came into contact with crustally-derived oxygenated fluids.

  14. Exclusion of non-synonymous SNPs and a polyglutamine tract in SMRT/N-CoR2 as common deleterious mutation for bipolar disorder in the Sagnenay-Lac-St-Jean population.

    PubMed

    Shink, Eric; Harvey, Mario; Tremblay, Monique; Raymond, Catherine; Labbé, Michel; Gagné, Bernard; Barden, Nicholas

    2005-04-05

    Bipolar disorder (BP) is a psychiatric illness with both genetic and environmental components occurring with a prevalence of slightly more than 1%. Our previous linkage and case/control studies have pointed to a susceptibility locus for BP in the 12q24.31 chromosomal region. Here, we investigated the possible involvement of the SMRT/N-CoR2 gene, which encodes for the nuclear receptor co-repressor 2. SMRT/N-CoR2 was retained as a candidate gene for BP because of its location within our candidate gene region and its interactions with thyroid hormone receptors. We screened SMRT/N-CoR2 for the presence of polymorphism/mutation in coding sequences and exon-intron junctions. Four non-synonymous SNPs and a polyglutamine tract (CAG repeat) in the coding exon 14 were analyzed in a case/control sample from the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ) area of Quebec (213 cases and 214 controls). Our data indicated no significant allelic/genotypic association between any of the five mutations and bipolar phenotype when they were considered either individually or as haplotypes. Finally, the CAG repeat observed in SMRT/N-CoR2 did not demonstrate allelic instability and consequently it is unlikely that this polymorphism could be involved in the anticipation phenomenon reported for BP. Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  15. LIFTING THE DUSTY VEIL WITH NEAR- AND MID-INFRARED PHOTOMETRY. III. TWO-DIMENSIONAL EXTINCTION MAPS OF THE GALACTIC MIDPLANE USING THE RAYLEIGH-JEANS COLOR EXCESS METHOD

    SciTech Connect

    Nidever, David L.; Zasowski, Gail; Majewski, Steven R. E-mail: gz2n@virginia.edu

    2012-08-01

    We provide new, high-resolution A(K{sub s} ) extinction maps of the heavily reddened Galactic midplane based on the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess ({sup R}JCE{sup )} method. RJCE determines star-by-star reddening based on a combination of near- and mid-infrared photometry. The new RJCE-generated maps have 2' Multiplication-Sign 2' pixels and span some of the most severely extinguished regions of the Galaxy-those covered with Spitzer/IRAC imaging by the GLIMPSE-I, -II, -3D, and Vela-Carina surveys, from 256 Degree-Sign < l < 65 Degree-Sign and, in general, for |b| {<=} 1 Degree-Sign -1.{sup 0}5 (extending up to |b| {<=} 4 Degree-Sign in the bulge). Using RJCE extinction measurements, we generate dereddened color-magnitude diagrams and, in turn, create maps based on main sequence, red clump, and red giant star tracers, each probing different distances and thereby providing coarse three-dimensional information on the relative placement of dust cloud structures. The maps generated from red giant stars, which reach to {approx}18-20 kpc, probe beyond most of the Milky Way extinction in most directions and provide close to a 'total Galactic extinction' map-at minimum they provide high angular resolution maps of lower limits on A(K{sub s} ). Because these maps are generated directly from measurements of reddening by the very dust being mapped, rather than inferred on the basis of some less direct means, they are likely the most accurate to date for charting in detail the highly patchy differential extinction in the Galactic midplane. We provide downloadable FITS files and an IDL tool for retrieving extinction values for any line of sight within our mapped regions.

  16. Morin, Jean-Baptiste (1583-1656)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Doctor, alchemist and astrologer, born in Villefranche, Beaujolais, France, became professor of mathematics at the Collège Royal, published a defense of ARISTOTLE, attacked GALILEO, being convinced that the Earth was fixed in space. Morin proposed an impractical method to solve the longitude problem, based on measuring absolute time by the position of the Moon. He put the method in for a pri...

  17. Jean-Pierre Luminet: Renaissance Communicator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pullen, L.; Russo, P.

    2009-02-01

    As science communicators dealing with astronomy we often find a strong interest amongst the public in astrology - how the stars and planets directly affect our individual lives. Nowadays astrology is at odds with the scientific nature of astronomy, but this has not always been the case. Presented here is a background to astrology, to give a deeper understanding of where it has come from and why it has such an enduring place in all forms of global media.

  18. Biot, Jean-Baptiste (1774-1862)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Physicist and astronomer, born in Paris, France, professor at the Collège de France. His most important work was on the polarization of light (which he correctly suggested was due to asymmetric molecules). With Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac he made in 1804 an ascent in a balloon to study a variety of phenomena at high altitude. Biot headed a commission from the Academy of Sciences to study the meteor s...

  19. Tarde, Jean (1561/2-1636)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    French parish priest, geographer and astronomer, born in La Roque-Gajac, near Sarlat, France, adopted Copernicanism and set up an observatory to view sunspots, which he thought were satellites of the Sun. He named them `Bourbon stars', in the same manner that GALILEO had named the satellites of Jupiter the Medician stars....

  20. The treatises of Jean Nicolas Louis Durand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vanzeijl, Gerard A. C.

    The treatises of Durand on architecture were studied in order to set them in a wider context. An attempt was made to demystify the negative image of Durand by presenting an honest judgement and a new interpretation. Many paradoxical statements were discovered, and discussed in the light of modern architecture. Seen from the topical architecture debate, a new image appeared, making Durand's theory transparent by the confrontation with those of some philosophers and architects today.

  1. Bailly, Jean Sylvain (1736-93)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Astronomer and politician, born in Paris, studied Halley's comet and the satellites of Jupiter, wrote Histoire de l'Astronomie. Guillotined as the result of an incident when, as Mayor of Paris during the Revolution in 1789, he let the National Guard fire on republican crowds. Unfortunately not the only astronomer to be executed—see ARCHIMEDES, GIORDANO BRUNO, HYPATIA OF ALEXANDRIA, ULUGH BEG, who...

  2. Jean Baudrillard and the Limits of Critical Media Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, Kip

    2016-01-01

    Marxian education scholars have successfully established critical media literacy as a specific response to concerns about contemporary media's problems and possibilities with regard to youth. This development has made a significant contribution to the intersection of media, critical theory, and pedagogy. Yet, the theoretical foundations of…

  3. The Narcissim of Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM ) is the standard classification manual mental health professionals use to diagnose...Richardson, Larrey: Surgeon to Napoleon’s Imperial Guard (London: John Murray, 1974), 6. 13. American Psychiatric Association, “ DSM ,” http...www.psychiatry.org/practice/ dsm . 14. Carolyn C.Morf and Frederick Rhodewalt, "Unraveling the Paradoxes of Narcissism: A Dynamic Self-Regulatory Processing Model

  4. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on adult education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dame, Frederick William

    1996-01-01

    Although Rousseau describes in Émile only his scheme for childhood education, he presents us in this work with some direct statements which can be applied to explain more fully the nature of adult education. The author surveys Rousseau's ideas on the role of the general will in adult educational philosophy, subject matter, methodology and negative education, as well as the relationships between the family, student, teacher, community and the state. He concludes that the modern Rousseau would not limit education to males and would recognize that the four Rousseauian periods of educational development — infancy, childhood, youngster, adolescence — is followed by a fifth: adulthood. Adult education is the logical continuation of the four previous phases. Throughout each phase education must permit intellectual and moral growth and always allow for creativity and diversity. Only then can adults become positive contributors to their society.

  5. Jeans instability of a dusty plasma with dust charge variations

    SciTech Connect

    Hakimi Pajouh, H. Afshari, N.

    2015-09-15

    The effect of the dust charge variations on the stability of a self-gravitating dusty plasma has been theoretically investigated. The dispersion relation for the dust-acoustic waves in a self-gravitating dusty plasma is obtained. It is shown that the dust charge variations have significant effects. It increases the growth rate of instability and the instability cutoff wavenumbers. It is found that by increasing the value of the ions temperature and the absolute value of the equilibrium dust charge, the cutoff wavenumber decreases and the stability region is extended.

  6. Mass Extinctions of Pangea (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wignall, Paul B.

    2017-04-01

    The 80 million years of Earth history from middle of the Permian to the early Jurassic were some of the worst life ever experienced. The interval includes two mass extinctions that bracket the Triassic period and several lesser crises. It was to be nearly another 120 million years before another major crisis was to strike (this time it was the famous one that removed the dinosaurs). So what was so bad about the 80 million years and why was it so good afterwards? My talk will try to provide at least some of the answers. There are plenty of clues. Notably, the interval coincides with the presence of the Pangea supercontinent and all the extinctions coincided with the eruption of large igneous provinces (LIPs). Indeed, every LIP of this interval coincides with an extinction crisis, a perfect correlation that completely breaks down afterwards. However, getting from correlation to causation is far from straight forward. There are many unknowns - how much gas was released by the volcanism, how quickly and what type of gases were they? These are all questions under investigation. Most of the extinctions of Pangean time coincide with rapid global warming and extensive marine anoxia suggesting that greenhouse gas emissions linked to volcanism were an important extinction driver. For the most severe crises (Permo-Triassic and end-Triassic) losses occurred throughout the food chain all the way down to the primary producers of the oceans and across all habitats including terrestrial ecosystems. At the other end of the spectrum of disaster, the lesser extinctions (Toarcian, Smithian/Spathian) only affected marine invertebrates. The full panoply of catastrophe was played out during the Permo-Triassic mass extinction and has received the most attention. The record in South China shows that there were two phases of extinction. These straddle the boundary and show selective losses initially for shallow-water organisms that were susceptible to high temperatures and then for deeper-water dwellers that succumbed to expanding deep-water anoxia. The contemporary plant losses show a similar duration for extinction losses ( 60 kyr) but the ultimate cause of these extinctions is less clear. It is unlikely to have been directly attributable to greenhouse gases because warm and wet conditions on land are a good thing. A greenhouse is a good place for plants after all. Ozone destruction by halogen emissions followed by intense UV-B radiation is a more promising extinction agent. A key factor in the extinction vulnerability of Pangean life may lie in the subdued nature of carbon cycling in a supercontinent configuration. Feedback mechanisms such as enhanced silicate weathering in warmer, more humid conditions would be less effective because of the vast arid interiors. The burial of carbon in shelf seas would also be minimal because the area of shallow waters around the periphery of the supercontinent was at a Phanerozoic minimum. Once initiated, warmer temperatures would have led to increased rate of organic remineralisation. This may have been responsible the absence of terrestrial organic carbon burial during the most severe crises, further decreasing the ability to drawdown atmospheric carbon. This combination of causes would have produced a planet that was only weakly responsive to sudden influxes of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. It was a bad time to endure LIP eruptions.

  7. 77 FR 56647 - Lisa Jean Sharp: Debarment Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-13

    ... Director of Clinical Trials for Lee Research Institute. Schering/ Plough was a pharmaceutical company engaged in developing and marketing pharmaceutical products. In or about July 2009, Schering/Plough chose... study. Before beginning the clinical study, FDA required Schering/Plough to provide the Agency with a...

  8. The Attraction of Gravity (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iess, Luciano

    2017-04-01

    The motion of planetary bodies, their interior structure, their shape, and ultimately their landscape, are all determined, more or less directly, by gravity. It is therefore not surprising that by measuring the orbital motion and the gravity field of planets and satellites we have been able to gather crucial information on the interior structure and evolution of those bodies, and at the same time to put the laws of gravity to the test. Planetary geodesy is now a fully developed discipline that uses methods and observable quantities adopted also in other fields, such as space navigation and telecommunications. Thanks to this winning synergy between science and engineering, we can now measure spacecraft velocities to 10-6 m/s and accelerations to 10-9 m/s2 over time scales as short as 1000 s, everywhere in the solar system. The past ten years have seen outstanding results in the scientific exploration of the deep space, with gravity investigations contributing to the success of many missions. Thanks to gravity measurements, MESSENGER was able to unveil the main features of Mercury's interior structure. GRAIL, the first planetary mission entirely devoted to gravity, recovered the structure of the lunar gravity anomalies to a spatial resolution and accuracy unmatched even for the Earth. The discovery and characterization of habitable environments in the Saturnian system, on Enceladus and Titan, were possible also by the radio science investigations of the mission Cassini. Thanks to a carefully designed orbit, with a pericenter just 3000 km above the cloud level, the spacecraft Juno is now carrying out precise gravity measurements at Jupiter to unveil the interior structure of the planet and the depth of its winds. With Cassini providing similar information at Saturn in the Grand Finale orbits, just before the final plunge into the planet, we will soon be able to reveal how similar or different the two gas giants are. But the interior structure of many planetary bodies remains elusive, and much remains to be explored. New missions and new tools are needed. In the next five years the planetary community will see the launch of BepiColombo and JUICE, two spacecraft equipped with a powerful suite of instruments devoted to the tomography of Mercury and Ganymede. Innovative instrumentation and probes are being conceived and designed. The Cassini Medal Lecture will review the past successes and future trends of planetary geodesy and radio science, from the peculiar perspective of someone whose attraction for gravity kept him at the ill-defined boundary between science and engineering, measuring angles, distances and velocities in the solar system.

  9. Genomes for jeans: cotton genomics for engineering superior fiber.

    PubMed

    Mansoor, Shahid; Paterson, Andrew H

    2012-10-01

    Twenty years ago, scientists predicted that better understanding of fiber development would lead to novel ways to engineer superior cotton fiber. Advances in genetic resources, DNA markers, DNA sequence information, and gene expression data have indeed provided new insights into fiber initiation, elongation and maturation. Many exciting applications of this knowledge offer the potential to select better cotton genotypes more effectively in mainstream breeding programs or engineer genotypes with improved agronomic and/or quality traits. Here, we discuss recent progress in understanding genes involved in fiber development, and their regulation and manipulation to engineer improved fibers. Better understanding of quantitative trait loci/gene interactions that influence fiber quality and yield may help to tailor superior cotton genotypes to diverse environments. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Leverrier [Le Verrier], Urbain Jean Joseph (1811-77)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Celestial mechanician, born in Saint-Lô, France. Worked at the Paris Observatory, under ARAGO. Later became director where his drive for efficiency and for total control over the staff made him unpopular, particularly his diktat that `One should not read in the papers the names of assistant astronomers who made discoveries, when the credit belongs exclusively to the director under whose orders th...

  11. Jeans Gravitational Instability with \\kappa -Deformed Kaniadakis Distribution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Hui; Zhang, Shi-Xuan; Liu, San-Qiu

    2017-07-01

    Not Available Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No 11665012, the International Science and Technology Cooperation Program of China under Grant No 2015DFA61800, and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province under Grant Nos 20151BAB212010 and 2015ZBAB202006.

  12. Improving the Geologic Time Scale (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gradstein, Felix M.

    2010-05-01

    The Geologic Time Scale (GTS) provides the framework for the physical, chemical and biological processes on Earth. The time scale is the tool "par excellence" of the geological trade, and insight in its construction, strength, and limitations enhances its function and its utility. Earth scientists should understand how time scales are constructed and its myriad of physical and abstract data are calibrated, rather than merely using ages plucked from a convenient chart or card. Calibration to linear time of the succession of events recorded in the rocks on Earth has three components: (1) the standard stratigraphic divisions and their correlation in the global rock record, (2) the means of measuring linear time or elapsed durations from the rock record, and (3) the methods of effectively joining the two scales, the stratigraphic one and the linear one. Under the auspices of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), the international stratigraphic divisions and their correlative events are now largely standardized, especially using the GSSP (Global Stratigraphic Section and Point) concept. The means of measuring linear time or elapsed durations from the rock record are objectives in the EARTH TIME and GTS NEXT projects, that also are educating a new generation of GTS dedicated scientists. The U/Pb, Ar/Ar and orbital tuning methods are intercalibrated, and external error analysis improved. Existing Ar/Ar ages become almost 0.5% older, and U/Pb ages stratigraphically more realistic. The new Os/Re method has potential for directly dating more GSSP's and its correlative events. Such may reduce scaling uncertainty between the sedimentary levels of an age date and that of a stage boundary. Since 1981, six successive Phanerozoic GTS have been published, each new one achieving higher resolution and more users. The next GTS is scheduled for 2011/2012, with over 50 specialists taking part. New chapters include an expanded planetary time scale, sequence stratigraphy, Osmium, Carbon and Oxygen stratigraphy, the Cryogenian period, history of the plants, hominid prehistory, and last but not least the Anthropocene. The Cambrian Period is radically improved with 10 standard stages and detailed trilobite biochronology. Ordovician now has a stable international stages and graptolites scale. The integration of a refined 100 and 400 ka sedimentary cycles scale and a truly high-resolution U/Pb ages scale for the Mississippian is a major step towards the global Carboniferous GTS. The Devonian GTS leaves to be desired with lack of firm definitions for its upper boundary, and the long Emsian stage; it also lacks age dates. Its stages scaling is disputed. The Rhaetian and Norian stages in the Triassic and the Berriasian stage in the Cretaceous urgently require lower boundary definitions, and also boundary age dates. The single ~400 ka eccentricity component is very stable and can extend orbital tuning from the Cenozoic well into the Mesozoic portion of the GTS. Jurassic and Cretaceous now have long orbitally tuned segments. A completely astronomical-tuned Geological Time Scale (AGTS) for the Cenozoic is within reach showing unprecedented accuracy, precision and resolution. Burdigalian in the Miocene, and Lutetian, Bartonian and Priabonian stages in the Eocene still require formal definition. The K/T boundary will become about 0.5 ± 0.1 Ma older. After 25 years of research and authorship in the GTS it behoves me to especially thank my colleagues James Ogg, Frits Agterberg, John McArthur and Roger Cooper for longstanding collaboration. As a final note I urge construction of more regional time scales(like developed ‘down under') calibrated to the standard global GTS, to scale regional rock units.

  13. Foucault, Jean Bernard Léon (1819-68)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Physicist, born in Paris. Became professor at the Paris Observatory and member of the Longitude Institute. Collaborated with FIZEAU in the measurement of the velocity of light using the Fizeau wheel. After they quarrelled, independently of Fizeau he measured the speed of light in water, and found it to be slower than in air, as predicted by the wave theory of light, and against the corpuscular th...

  14. Jean Baudrillard and the Limits of Critical Media Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, Kip

    2016-01-01

    Marxian education scholars have successfully established critical media literacy as a specific response to concerns about contemporary media's problems and possibilities with regard to youth. This development has made a significant contribution to the intersection of media, critical theory, and pedagogy. Yet, the theoretical foundations of…

  15. Mathematical Physics and Formalized Epistermology: Debate with Jean Petitot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petitot, Jean

    This paper develops an updated transcendentalist perspective concerning the epistemological status of objectivity. The main point is that objectivity is neither an ontology nor a mere description of a phenomenal state of affairs. It is instead a principled (categorial) "legalization" and a mathematical reconstruction of the phenomena. As the very concept of a phenomenon is relational (relative to a receptive stance such as perception in classical mechanics or measure devices in quantum mechanics), the conditions for accessing them must be included in the very concept of objectivity. This paper emphasizes the transcendental content of symmetries in modern physical theories, from general relativity to gauge invariance. A great deal of the discussion focuses on epistemological key points in quantum mechanics.

  16. A Standards-Based Thematic Unit: "Jean de la Lune"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logan, Eileen; Magurn, Lisa; Schwester, Jennifer Applegate

    1998-01-01

    This unit was created as a result of a summer institute sponsored by the National K-12 Foreign Language Resource Center at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. The Center's goal is to improve student learning of foreign languages in kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12). To this end, the Center provides professional support for foreign language…

  17. [From humanism to nihilism: dialectics on Jean Watson's caring theory].

    PubMed

    Krol, Pawel J; Lavoie, Mireille

    2015-09-01

    nursing today is heir to values that have developed over many years. In addition to the values of human care, present-day nursing embraces values that shape our modern world. This dialectical study first traces the evolution of a number of the traditional values associated with human care that nursing has retained. It goes on to show how some of the values of human care have been cast aside in favour of modern--neoliberal, technocratic and bureaucratic--values which have in turn given rise to disturbing problems of instrumentalization. Watson's theory of caring proposes two ways to remedy such instrumentalization: espousing a transcendental, metaphysical mode of thought and adopting an altruistic humanism. However, many critics have questioned the theoretical consistency and very legitimacy of the theory as a means of dealing with instrumentalization. this study analyses Watson's proposals, using a Nietzschean dialectic approach to test them and to suggest possible solutions. Significant problems in terms of both consistency and relevance are brought to light, tending to refute Watson's notions. the study findings suggest that the application of Watson's theory may paradoxically perpetuate dualism and nihilism and, rather than curb their invasive impact, lead inevitably to a conversion to instrumental values. it's suggested an alternative, ethics-of-life approach based on the synthesis of our dialectics that would foster a return to, and respect for, humanity's essential nature.

  18. Foreign Language Teaching and the Computer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrett, Nina; Hart, Robert S.

    1988-01-01

    Reviews "Bataille de Mots," a computer-assisted French vocabulary program that utilizes a database of paired associates, and finds that "Bataille de Mots" is a good selection for foreign language software. (DJD)

  19. Apport de l’écho-doppler artériel des membres inférieurs dans la prise en charge du pied diabétique à l'hôpital Saint-Jean de Dieu de Thiès (Sénégal)

    PubMed Central

    Dia, Aliou Amadou; Affangla, Désiré Alain; Dione, Jean-Michel; Akpo, Géraud; Mbengue, Marie; Ka, Mamadou Mourtalla; Diop, Bernard Marcel

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Le pied diabétique se définit comme l'ensemble des manifestations trophiques du pied survenant chez le diabétique par atteinte nerveuse, artérielle et ou infectieuse. Le pied diabétique est un problème majeur de santé publique à l’échelle mondiale avec un taux d'amputation de membres inférieurs très élevé. L’écho-doppler artériel des membres inférieurs est de nos jours incontournable dans la prise en charge du pied diabétique. Le but de cette étude est de montrer la place prépondérante qu'occupe l’écho-doppler artériel dans le bilan lésionnel du pied diabétique. Méthodes Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective monocentrique incluant 46 patients sur une période de 24 mois, de mars 2012 à mars 2014 à l'hôpital Saint-Jean de Dieu, un des deux hôpitaux de référence de la région de Thiès, doté depuis juillet 2011 d'un centre moderne de traitement du diabète et des maladies cardio-métaboliques (Diabcarmet). Dans les critères d'inclusion, nous avons sélectionné tous les patients diabétiques adressés pour un écho-doppler artériel des membres inférieurs dans le cadre d'une prise en charge du pied diabétique. Etaient exclus de l’étude, les patients artéritiques non-diabétiques et les patients diabétiques asymptomatiques référés pour un bilan écho-doppler de routine. Résultats Le sex-ratio était de 1.42 (27 hommes pour 19 femmes). L’âge moyen des patients était de 62,86 ans avec des extrêmes de 23 et 88 ans. 60% des patients (n=28) étaient âgés entre 50 et 70 ans. Le diabète de type 2 était retrouvé chez 95% des patients (n=44) alors que le diabète de type 1 représentait 5% (n=2). La moyenne d’évolution du diabète était estimée à 8 ans, avec des extrêmes de 2 et 20 ans. On notait une atteinte du pied droit chez 24 patients, une atteinte du pied gauche chez 18 patients et une atteinte bilatérale chez 4 patients. La plupart du temps, les lésions du pied diabétique survenaient

  20. A novel JEAnS analysis of the Fornax dwarf using evolutionary algorithms: mass follows light with signs of an off-centre merger

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diakogiannis, Foivos I.; Lewis, Geraint F.; Ibata, Rodrigo A.; Guglielmo, Magda; Kafle, Prajwal R.; Wilkinson, Mark I.; Power, Chris

    2017-09-01

    Dwarf galaxies, among the most dark matter dominated structures of our Universe, are excellent test-beds for dark matter theories. Unfortunately, mass modelling of these systems suffers from the well-documented mass-velocity anisotropy degeneracy. For the case of spherically symmetric systems, we describe a method for non-parametric modelling of the radial and tangential velocity moments. The method is a numerical velocity anisotropy 'inversion', with parametric mass models, where the radial velocity dispersion profile, σrr2, is modelled as a B-spline, and the optimization is a three-step process that consists of (i) an evolutionary modelling to determine the mass model form and the best B-spline basis to represent σrr2; (ii) an optimization of the smoothing parameters and (iii) a Markov chain Monte Carlo analysis to determine the physical parameters. The mass-anisotropy degeneracy is reduced into mass model inference, irrespective of kinematics. We test our method using synthetic data. Our algorithm constructs the best kinematic profile and discriminates between competing dark matter models. We apply our method to the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy. Using a King brightness profile and testing various dark matter mass models, our model inference favours a simple mass-follows-light system. We find that the anisotropy profile of Fornax is tangential (β(r) < 0) and we estimate a total mass of M_{tot} = 1.613^{+0.050}_{-0.075} × 10^8 M_{⊙}, and a mass-to-light ratio of Υ_V = 8.93 ^{+0.32}_{-0.47} (M_{⊙}/L_{⊙}). The algorithm we present is a robust and computationally inexpensive method for non-parametric modelling of spherical clusters independent of the mass-anisotropy degeneracy.

  1. Research Related to the Work of Jean Piaget: A Critique. Technical Report No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Darrell G.

    This publication consists of a critique of research related to the work of Piaget. Contents are arranged under five headings: Introduction, Common Misconceptions and Mususes, Common Research Errors: Possible Causes and Cures, Evaluation of Piaget-related Research, and Extension. Eighteen references conclude the report. (PEB)

  2. Jean Mace and the Fight for Public Education in Nineteenth Century France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, J. Richard

    1972-01-01

    The large part played in French social reform by John Mace in implementing compulsory public education was congruent with his belief in the democratic principles of the French Revolution. These principles held that the whole store of human knowledge was a legacy everyone should share; and that the function of education was to bring the cultural…

  3. Jean-Jacques Is Alive and Well: Rousseau and Contemporary Sociobiology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, Roger D.

    1978-01-01

    A description of the author's personal fascination with and study of Rousseau's life. Discusses Rousseau's many questions that are relevant to evolutionary biology, sociobiology, anthropology, and ethology. Questions concern the nature of human nature, the origin of human society, nurture-nature influences on humans, and the nature of male-female…

  4. Genetics with Jean: The Design, Development and Evaluation of an Affective Tutoring System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Nik; McGill, Tanya Jane

    2017-01-01

    This paper details the design, development and evaluation of an affective tutoring system (ATS)--an e-learning system that detects and responds to the emotional states of the learner. Research into the development of ATS is an active and relatively new field, with many studies demonstrating promising results. However, there is often no practical…

  5. Creation Process during Learning of Gifted Students: Contributions from Jean Piaget

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ribeiro Piske, Fernanda Hellen; Stoltz, Tania; de Camargo, Denise; Blum Vestena, Carla Luciane; Machado, Jarci Maria; de Freitas, Samarah Perszel; Dias, Carmen Lúcia; dos Reis Taucei, Joulilda

    2017-01-01

    This research aims to highlight the importance of Creativity in education of gifted students. Recent education focuses exclusively on the development of intellectuality; it starts at an earlier age and stimulates mainly rational thinking, sometimes leaving aside other important dimensions. For gifted children, this fact can mean the desire to…

  6. "Days of future passed" - climate change and carbon cycle history (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weissert, Helmut

    2013-04-01

    With the beginning of the fossil fuel age in the 19th century mankind has become an important geological agent on a global scale. For the first time in human history action of man has an impact on global biogeochemical cycles. Increasing CO2 concentrations will result in a perturbation of global carbon cycling coupled with climate change. Investigations of past changes in carbon cycling and in climate will improve our predictions of future climate. Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations will drive climate into a mode of operation, which may resemble climate conditions in the deep geological past. Pliocene climate will give insight into 400ppm world with higher global sea level than today. Doubling of pre-industrial atmospheric CO2 levels will shift the climate system into a state resembling greenhouse climate in the Early Cenozoic or even in the Cretaceous. Carbon isotope geochemistry serves as tool for tracing the pathway of the carbon cycle through geological time. Globally registered negative C-isotope anomalies in the C-isotope record are interpreted as signatures of rapid addition (103 to a few 104 years) of CO2 to the ocean-atmosphere system. Positive C-isotope excursions following negative spikes record the slow post-perturbation recovery of the biosphere at time scales of 105 to 106 years. Duration of C-cycle perturbations in earth history cannot be directly compared with rapid perturbation characterizing the Anthropocene. However, the investigation of greenhouse pulses in the geological past provides insight into different climate states, it allows to identify tipping points in past climate systems and it offers the opportunity to learn about response reactions of the biosphere to rapid changes in global carbon cycling. Sudden injection of massive amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere is recorded in C-isotope record of the Early Cretaceous. The Aptian carbon cycle perturbation triggered changes in temperature and in global hydrological cycling. Changes in physical and chemical oceanography are reflected in widespread black shale deposition ("Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a"), in carbonate platform drowning and in biocalcification crises. "Days of future passed" (Moody Blues, 1967) reminds us that the past provides essential information needed for decisions to be made in the interest of mankind's future.

  7. Utilizing the language of Jean Watson's caring theory within a computerized clinical documentation system.

    PubMed

    Rosenberg, Susan

    2006-01-01

    The healthcare facility described in the following article is part of an eight-hospital organization that adopted Watson's Theory of Caring as part of their nursing philosophy. According to Watson, this theory is an attempt to find and deepen the language specific to nurse caring relations and its many meanings. Yet during the implementation of the theory within the setting described, it was noted that there was no mechanism in the current documentation system for clinical nursing staff to document the patient experience using any language specific to the theory. Nursing members recognized an opportunity to develop a new context in charting during an extensive clinical documentation system upgrade. A discussion of the steps taken and the results within the clinical documentation system supporting the newly adopted caring philosophy are summarized here.

  8. "I Knew Jean-Paul Sartre": Philosophy of Education as Comedy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Morwenna; Peters, Michael A.

    2014-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein suggests that "A serious and good philosophical work could be written consisting entirely of jokes". The idea for this dialogue comes from a conversation that Michael Peters and Morwenna Griffiths had at the Philosophy of Education of Great Britain annual meeting at the University of Oxford, 2011. It was sparked by an…

  9. Looking for Marx: A Review of "Marx and Education" by Jean Anyon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banfield, Grant

    2011-01-01

    "Marx and Education" is the second and latest volume in the new "Routledge Key Ideas in Education Series". The series is intended to offer readers concise introductions to specific sub-field developments in the field of educational scholarship. For their "Marx and Education" volume, Greg Dimitriadis and Bob Lingard…

  10. Cassini, Jean-Dominique [known as Cassini IV] (1748-1845)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Astronomer, born at the Paris Observatory, great-grandson of the first director, grandson of the second, son of the third and himself the fourth, assuming the responsibilities of the directorship during the decline of his father, and the directorship itself in 1784. Persuaded King Louis XVI to restore the observatory, but the French Revolution occurred and Cassini, a monarchist, bitterly opposed ...

  11. Scale-invariance of sediment patterns - the fingerprint of fundamental drivers (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schlager, Wolfgang

    2015-04-01

    In contrast to the realms of magmatism and metamorphism, most depositional processes can be observed directly at the earth's surface. Observation of sediment patterns advanced significantly with the advent of remote sensing and 3D reflection seismics. Remote sensing is particularly relevant for the present topic because it documents mainly Holocene sediments - the best objects to link depositional processes to products. Classic examples of scale-invariant geometry are channel-fan systems, i.e. river-delta and canyon-fan complexes. The underlying control in both instances is the energy-dispersion of a channeled stream of water that discharges in a body of still water. The resulting fan-shaped sediment accumulations are scale-invariant over 7 orders of magnitude in linear size. The Mesozoic-Cenozoic record shows comparable trends and patterns. Further examples of depositional scale-invariance include foresets of non-cohesive sediments and braided-channel deposits. Reefs and carbonate platforms offer an example of scale-invariance related to biotic growth. Shallow-water carbonate platforms rimmed by reefs or reef-rimmed atolls with deep lagoons are characteristic morphologies of tropical carbonate deposits. The structure has been compared to a bucket where stiff reef rims hold a pile of loose sediment. Remote sensing data from the Maldive, Chagos and Laccadive archipelagos of the Indian Ocean show that bucket structures are the dominant depositional pattern from meter-size reefs to archipelagos of hundreds of kilometers in diameter, i.e. over more than 4 orders of magnitude in linear size. Over 2.5 orders of magnitude, the bucket structures qualify as statistical fractals. Ecologic and hydrodynamic studies on modern reefs suggest that the bucket structure is a form of biotic self-organization: The edge position in a reef is favored over the center position because bottom shear is higher and the diffusive boundary layer between reef and water thinner. Thus, the reef edge has easier access to nutrients. Moreover, the edge is less likely to be buried by sediment. The bucket structure is an ecologic response to these conditions. Buckets have been documented from all periods of the Phanerozoic and analogous structures from the late Proterozoic show that the microbial carbonate factory also built buckets. We conclude that a voyage through scales in the sediment realm reveals islands of scale-invariance wherever a single principle dominates the sedimentation process.

  12. [Jean-Baptiste Van Helmont (1579-1644), the baroque and teeth].

    PubMed

    Gysel, C

    1979-01-01

    J. B. Van Helmont has been qualified as a medical exponent of the baroque spirit. This affirmation can only be accepted in the following sense: as Harvey, but in an other way. Van Helmont has prepared modern medicine notwithstanding their fidelity to the philosophy of nature (aristotelism or irrationalism) of the sixteenth century. Van Helmont, who believed in the occult forces of the teeth, was also the first to denounce the catarrhe as a cause of toothache.

  13. The Experience of Strangeness in Education: Camus, Jean-Baptiste Clamence and the Little Ease

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curzon-Hobson, Aidan

    2017-01-01

    When "The Myth of Sisyphus" describes those who live in the "rarefied air of the absurd" (p. 86), Camus uses the word fidelity. This signals a recognition of both defeat and the demand for struggle. This suggests a humility. Education can be said to have this characteristic; it is constantly in service to the new and yet…

  14. Reflections to Jean-Marie, Normore, and Brooks' Article within the Context of Korean Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seong, Sang-Hwan; Shin, Jung Cheol; Ilon, Lynn

    2009-01-01

    With respect to leadership for social justice in education, Korea needs to take a proactive approach to support the development of an educational infrastructure for a multicultural society. The testing culture of education within Korea also needs to be considered with social justice consequences in mind. Through these measures, Korea can…

  15. Genes and/or jeans?: Genetic and socio-cultural contributions to risk for eating disorders.

    PubMed

    Becker, Anne E; Keel, Pamela; Anderson-Fye, Eileen P; Thomas, Jennifer J

    2004-01-01

    Eating disorders are prevalent among young adult females and pose serious psychological and medical risks. Notwithstanding important advances, efforts to develop effective means of preventing and treating eating disorders have been limited by an incomplete understanding of their multifactorial etiology. Whereas epidemiologic data strongly suggest the influence of socio-cultural context in moderating risk, many hypotheses about how these effects are exerted have remained empirically unevaluated. Specifically, experimental and observational data suggest that social transition (e.g., transnational migration, urbanization, modernization), Western media exposure, and certain peer environments (involving social comparison and teasing) may all contribute to risk. With respect to genetic influences on etiology, family and twin studies have supported a genetic diathesis to eating disorders. Whereas, molecular genetic studies have generated interesting leads- with the most promising findings emerging for genes related to the function of serotonin-they have yet to identify well-replicated susceptibility loci. This paper reviews the data supporting both socio-cultural and genetic contributions for eating disorders and suggests productive future strategies for continuing to unravel their likely multiple and complex interactions.

  16. The long way of planktonic Foraminifera from biostratigraphy to paleoceanography (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Premoli Silva, Isabella

    2014-05-01

    The mid of the last century was a time of flourishing studies concerning the importance of planktonic foraminifera in precisely dating and correlating sedimentary successions after the publication of the first biostratigraphic schemes provided by the Suisse Group (i.e. Kugler, Bolli, Broennimann) from the Caribbean region and former Southern USSR (Subbotina). Soon after Bolli's Trinidad scheme was widespread, planktonic foraminiferal distribution from Upper Cretaceous to Miocene was investigated intensively for dating the Neogene stratotypes, whose identifications were mainly based on poorly age-diagnostic, facies-controlled macrofossils, and for calibrating Paleogene larger foraminiferal distributions. Since these early works planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy was continously ameliorated, extended in time from Early Cretaceous to Recent by several authors and from different settings and domains, reaching progressively the current higher resolution, now calibrated to calcareous nannofossil distributions. To be mentioned, the detailed biostratigraphic studies on the Gubbio section (central Italy) provided (1) the first carefull documentation of the mass extinction of Cretaceous planktonic foraminifera, the presence of tiny Cretaceous survivors, and the rapid recovery of Danian assemblages, and (2) the first calibration of the Upper Cretaceous to Eocene reversal polarity scale in which the K/Pg boundary was demonstrated to fall within the magnetic reversal C29r. A major step forward was the recovery, since 1968, of several thousand of cores from over 1000 holes drilled in all oceans by the DSDP, ODP and IODP projects. The recovery of deep-sea sediments from all latitudes opened a new research field, the paleoceanography. Based on the large knowledge acquired on modern organisms in the '60s, for the Paleogene and Cretaceous reconstructions we started from the assumption that these extinct organisms lived in the water column like their modern counterpart and were controlled by similar environmental factors (temperature, nutrient supply, current system, etc.), then the fluctuations in abundance and composition of planktonic foraminiferal assemblages could be interpreted in term of paleobiogeography and paleoceanography. The first studies, rigorously quantitative, have been conducted in the '70s on the Paleogene of the Atlantic Ocean, the interval with the best latitudinal coverage at that time. From the areal distribution and variations in assemblage composition through time we (with A. Boersma) were able to identify first the biogeographic indices, then their paleoclimatic significances, from which we could reconstruct the paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic evolution. The associated isotope analyses (with N. Shackleton) on single species allowed to confirm the species latitudinal connotations as well as their position within the water column (mixed layer vs deep dwelling habitats) and preferences for nutrient supply. In the '90s we (with W.V. Sliter) extended the paleoceanographic reconstructions to the Cretaceous exploring the planktonic foraminiferal evolutionary patterns and latitudinal changes in assemblage composition through time. Like in the Paleogene, it was possibile to identify that the more ornamented keeled forms were very sensitive to temperature, liked warm waters and were more abundant in the tropics, the simpler morphologies were less sensitive, more tolerant and cosmopolitan, while, for instance, whiteinellids proliferated in upwelling regions. In the last decade, taking advantage of the wealth of paleoecological and biogeographical data previously collected, we started a new phase of deep taxonomical and stratigraphical revision of planktonic foraminifera. Increased biostratigraphic resolution from tropics to high latitudes is facilitated by the integration with other fossil group biostratigraphies and magneto-, isotope-stratigraphies.

  17. A path to the detection of Earth-type planets (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayor, Michel

    2016-04-01

    "How many planets in the Milky Way?", "How many planets similar to our Earth?" On the last twenty years, significant results have been obtained in the domain of extrasolar planets. More than two thousand planets have characterized orbits, for several hundred of them their radii are known. We have discovered an amazing diversity of planetary systems. These observations have revealed the importance of new physical process to be taken into account for the formation and evolution of planetary systems. The synergy between ground-based radial velocity measurements and the detection of transiting planets have permitted exciting possibilities to characterize planets. Already we have the possibility to get clues on the internal composition of exoplanets and their atmosphere. Do we have the instrumental capabilities to detect and study planets as Earth analogues? What are the intruments in development and their scientific goals.

  18. Jean Mace and the Fight for Public Education in Nineteenth Century France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, J. Richard

    1972-01-01

    The large part played in French social reform by John Mace in implementing compulsory public education was congruent with his belief in the democratic principles of the French Revolution. These principles held that the whole store of human knowledge was a legacy everyone should share; and that the function of education was to bring the cultural…

  19. Some Implications of the Theories of Jean Piaget and J. S. Bruner for Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adler, Marilynne

    This paper examines the research and theories of Piaget and Bruner and some implications for education, particularly as applied to mathematics education in the elementary grades. Piaget's theories are divided into the general development and conceptual thinking and mathematical concepts in children. Experimental evidence is cited and a short…

  20. "I Knew Jean-Paul Sartre": Philosophy of Education as Comedy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Morwenna; Peters, Michael A.

    2014-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein suggests that "A serious and good philosophical work could be written consisting entirely of jokes". The idea for this dialogue comes from a conversation that Michael Peters and Morwenna Griffiths had at the Philosophy of Education of Great Britain annual meeting at the University of Oxford, 2011. It was sparked by an…

  1. Limestones: the love of my life - sun, sea and cycles (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tucker, M. E.

    2009-04-01

    In studies of sedimentary rocks we are striving to understand the short and long-term controls on deposition that lead to the variety of facies we see in the geological record. With the development and application of sequence stratigraphy has come the realisation that in most cases the stratigraphic record is not random, but there are patterns and trends in the nature (composition, facies, diagenesis) and thickness of sedimentary units. In addition, sedimentary cycles are widely, if not ubiquitously, developed through stratigraphic successions, and do themselves vary in thickness and facies through a formation and through time. In many cases, orbital forcing is clearly a major control, in addition to longer term tectonic and tectono-eustatic processes. Understanding the major controls on the stratigraphic record and the processes involved in deposition enables us to develop a degree of prediction for the occurrence of particular facies and rock-types. This is especially significant in terms of hydrocarbon potential in frontier basins, notably in the search for source and reservoir rocks. In the case of carbonate and carbonate-evaporite successions, recent work is showing that even at the higher-frequency scale of individual beds and bed-sets, there are regular patterns and changes in thickness. These show that controls on deposition are not random but well organised. Studies of Carboniferous shelf/mid-ramp bioclastic limestones and Jurassic shallow-marine oolites from England reveal systematic variations in bed thickness, as well as oxygen isotopes, Sr and org C values. Permian lower slope carbonates from NE England show thinning-thickening-upward patterns in turbidite bed thickness on several orders of scale. Turbidity current frequency of 1 per ~200 years can be deduced from thicknesses of interbedded laminated facies, which provide the timescale. Beds in ancient shelf and slope carbonates of many geological periods are on a millennial-scale and their features and patterns clearly indicate that millennial-scale changes in climate, most likely driven by fluctuations in solar output, analogous to the D-O cycles of the Quaternary, were responsible, and that these were then modulated by orbital forcing. Solar forcing rules in carbonates, even at the highest frequency.

  2. [JEAN EMMANUEL GILIBERT AND FRENCH SCIENTISTS IN POLAND AND LITHUANIA IN 1770-1780].

    PubMed

    Beauvois, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    The author is trying to remind us of great role of French culture and French people in spreading the ideas of Enlightenment in Poland. Common use of French language in high societies in 18th century and excellent knowledge of books from Paris created favourite conditions for contacts of Poland with France. The best evidence of common culture of Enlightenment was the Commission of National Education (KEN) and the deep social changes. The direct contacts of French thinkers, writers and scientists with Poland also caused the changes of horizons of aristocracy and gentry. We will remind the main animators of this movement followed A. Jobert. J.E. Gilibert takes a very important place among the animators of Enlightenment. Author intends to present the phases of knowing him, generally mentioning the main conclusions of many research on Gilibert. At the same time author leaves to next speakers a detailed analyze of Gilbert's contribution to the development of Polish science.

  3. Discovering habitable environments and life in the Saturn System (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lunine, Jonathan I.

    2015-04-01

    One of the most notable scientific adventures of our time is being conducted jointly by Europe and the United States around the solar system's great ringed planet, Saturn. The Cassini-Huygens mission arrived in orbit in 2004, and the Huygens probe descended through Titan's atmosphere in January 2005. Titan's surface has been found to host a rich and still-enigmatic methane cycle, complete with lakes, seas, rivers and rain. Enceladus is jetting its interior volatiles into space, where the Cassini Orbiter detected and measured a number of species within the resulting plume. These include water, organic molecules, nitrogen compounds, and salts. Cassini radio science detected the presence within both Enceladus and Titan of internal water oceans. Variability with orbital phase of the Enceladus plume, also discovered by the Cassini Orbiter, makes a convincing case for the jets themselves being derived from the deep interior and controlled by tidal forces. Both Enceladus and Titan host potentially habitable environments, and they represent unique opportunities for testing whether either or both of these bodies harbor life. Titan's interior will be difficult to access, but its large surface hydrocarbon seas can be explored in situ with Huygens-like vehicles. The Cassini Orbiter determined the liquid in Titan's seas to be methane and ethane, which raises the question of whether simple chemistry can evolve into autocatalysis and self-replication in a non-aqueous liquid environment. In effect, is there an exotic kind of "life" in the Titan seas? Enceladus is perhaps more straightforward: given that the interior water ocean as expressed through the plume appears to satisfy the formal requirements for habitability, is biological activity occurring there? Answering these questions will require a new generation of robotic vehicles beyond Cassini-Huygens -- and new opportunities for international collaborations in planetary exploration.

  4. High School Roundtable: NCEA's Jean Rutherford Discusses America's High Schools at ECS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Educational Accountability, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Governors and state and local education officials assumed that raising student achievement in the elementary and middle grades would solve the problems with high schools--but it hasn't. Why? Good information is the basis for successful improvement, and high school reform lacks accurate information about what students are to learn and about how…

  5. Houzeau de Lehaie, Jean-Charles-Hippolyte-Joseph (1820-88)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Belgian astronomer, became director of the Royal Observatory of Belgium. With Albert Lancester, Houzeau wrote Bibliographie Generale de L'astronomie (1887), listing all the publications in astronomy since the invention of writing....

  6. Cassini, Gian Domenico [Giovanni Domenico; Jean Dominique; known as Cassini I] (1625-1712)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Italian-born French astronomer, born in Perinaldo, near Naples. Attracted to astrology in his youth, became Professor at Bologna, during which time he conducted hydrological studies for the Pope to mitigate flooding of the River Po. In 1669 Cassini moved to France and set up the Paris Observatory, remaining director for the rest of his career. He pushed continually for the observatory to acquire ...

  7. The Experience of Strangeness in Education: Camus, Jean-Baptiste Clamence and the Little Ease

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curzon-Hobson, Aidan

    2017-01-01

    When "The Myth of Sisyphus" describes those who live in the "rarefied air of the absurd" (p. 86), Camus uses the word fidelity. This signals a recognition of both defeat and the demand for struggle. This suggests a humility. Education can be said to have this characteristic; it is constantly in service to the new and yet…

  8. Sarah Bernhardt's 'Doctor God': Jean-Samuel Pozzi (1846-1918).

    PubMed

    de Costa, Caroline; Miller, Francesca

    2007-10-01

    Samuel Pozzi was a major figure in the early development of modern gynaecological surgery. His textbook, A Treatise on Gynaecology, published in French in 1890 and rapidly translated into five other languages, was the first internationally acclaimed text integrating modern principles of anaesthesia, antisepsis, diagnosis, surgical technique and postoperative care, and in later editions remained a standard reference up to the 1930s. He was the author of more than 400 papers on gynaecological and general abdominal surgery and his technical expertise drew surgeons from all over the world to his theatre in the Hospital Broca, in one of the poorer parts of Paris. He was equally successful in several professional fields apart from medicine. However, his name is now little known in the English-speaking world. This short biography aims to re-introduce Pozzi to readers of English.

  9. Impetus Then and Now: A Detailed Comparison between Jean Buridan and a Single Contemporary Subject

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-08-01

    the impetus theory (see, e. g., Fischbein , Stavy, and Ma-Naim, 1987; McClosky, 1983). A deeper difference is that S4’s and Buridan’s beliefs about...pp. 49-70). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Fischbein , E., Stavy, R., & Ma-Naim, H. (1987). The psychological structure of naive impetus conceptions

  10. Jean-Jacques Is Alive and Well: Rousseau and Contemporary Sociobiology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, Roger D.

    1978-01-01

    A description of the author's personal fascination with and study of Rousseau's life. Discusses Rousseau's many questions that are relevant to evolutionary biology, sociobiology, anthropology, and ethology. Questions concern the nature of human nature, the origin of human society, nurture-nature influences on humans, and the nature of male-female…

  11. Coalition Interoperability Measurement Frameworks Literature Survey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    contemporain de bataille et de mission; que des recherches empiriques et sur le terrain soient entreprises aussitôt que possible afin de tirer parti des...gouvernementales et les autres intervenants potentiels dans l’espace de bataille et de mission. 2. Lors d’événements imprévus, l’agilité organisationnelle à

  12. An Operational Implementation of a CBRN Sensor-Driven Modeling Paradigm for Stochastic Event Reconstruction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    possible de convertir les resultats en une capacite operationnelle, laquelle peut etre inseree dans un espace de bataille CBRN. En consequence, une...situation dans l’espace de bataille . Perspectives d’avenir: La prochaine etape consiste a integrer le module urbanSOURCE, en tant que capacite

  13. INCOMMANDS TDP: Human Factors Design and Evaluation Guide (PDT INCOMMANDS: Guide de Conception et d’Evaluation des Facteurs Humains)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    connaissance collective de l’espace de bataille et d’augmenter la rapidité et la justesse des décisions. Ces travaux exigent la conception...de classe HALIFAX, dans l’intention d’améliorer la connaissance collective de l’espace de bataille et d’augmenter la rapidité et la justesse des

  14. Copper mediated carbometalation reactions† †Dedicated to Prof. Jean F. Normant for his 80th birthday.

    PubMed Central

    Müller, D. S.; Marek, I.

    2016-01-01

    Since the first discovery of carbocupration of alkynes in the 1970s a tremendous amount of research has been carried out in this field. The exceptionally high selectivities obtained attribute to the great synthetic value of carbocupration reactions. This tutorial review will present the most important features of carbocupration of alkynes and highlight the most relevant reviews. Then a comprehensive review of copper mediated carbometalation of cyclopropenes will follow. The latter method has received much attention over the last decade as it allows the highly selective construction of poly-substituted cyclopropanes which can be transformed into acyclic derivatives bearing one or multiple tertiary or quaternary carbon stereocenters. PMID:26808300

  15. Getting It Wrong from the Beginning: Our Progressivist Inheritance from Herbert Spencer, John Dewey, and Jean Piaget.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egan, Kieran

    This book sets out to prove that the progressivist tenets that have become the foundation of American education are mistaken. The author does not argue against progressivism on the basis of the usual alternatives of liberal or traditional theories of education because it is not adequately attuned to preparing students for jobs. The author sets out…

  16. A Comparative Study of Problem Solving Processes Relative to the Models Developed by Jean Piaget and Loyola University. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erdmann, James B.; Buchi, Dorothea M.

    The basic problem under investigation was the determination of empirical relationships between two models, developed by Piaget and Loyola University and employed in the assessment of cognitive processes in a problem solving context. Among objectives explored were: (1) investigation of the sensitivity of the intelligence test in distinguishing…

  17. Getting It Wrong from the Beginning: Our Progressivist Inheritance from Herbert Spencer, John Dewey, and Jean Piaget.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egan, Kieran

    This book sets out to prove that the progressivist tenets that have become the foundation of American education are mistaken. The author does not argue against progressivism on the basis of the usual alternatives of liberal or traditional theories of education because it is not adequately attuned to preparing students for jobs. The author sets out…

  18. Continuing Education of Civics Teachers for Teaching the European Union: Results of the Jean Monnet Project PEB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oberle, Monika; Forstmann, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    The European dimension is of salient importance for understanding and shaping politics especially, but not only, in Europe. The European Union by now has become a compulsory content of civics classes in secondary schools throughout Germany. For teachers, however, teaching this topic is connected with manifold difficulties, for example, due to the…

  19. A resolution designating Jean M. Manning as Chief Counsel for Employment Emeritus of the United States Senate.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Reid, Harry [D-NV

    2014-03-13

    03/13/2014 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  20. Continuing Education of Civics Teachers for Teaching the European Union: Results of the Jean Monnet Project PEB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oberle, Monika; Forstmann, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    The European dimension is of salient importance for understanding and shaping politics especially, but not only, in Europe. The European Union by now has become a compulsory content of civics classes in secondary schools throughout Germany. For teachers, however, teaching this topic is connected with manifold difficulties, for example, due to the…

  1. A resolution designating Jean M. Manning as Chief Counsel for Employment Emeritus of the United States Senate.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Reid, Harry [D-NV

    2014-03-13

    03/13/2014 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (consideration: CR S1669; text as passed Senate: CR S1664) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  2. Map of risks for the implementation of radio-frequency identification: application of ancillaries in the University Hospital Jean Verdier.

    PubMed

    Bertrand, E; Schlatter, J

    2010-01-01

    Ancillaries are surgical instruments, such as orthopedical instruments set for reconstruction of knee (a mounting arm...) used to implant or extract prosthesis. Their management involves the departments of sterilization and surgery as well as the suppliers. Such a long circuit exposes the instruments to potential risk hazards like a lack of traceability as the suspicion of Creutzfeldt-Jakob. In order to reduce the risk of errors we will propose the implementation of radio-frequency identification (RFID) to trace the ancillaries during each step of the supply chain. The objective of our study is to analyze and to map the risks associated with RFID implementation. A preliminary analysis of risks (APR) is conducted to map out the hazards for the implementation of RFID. The APR identifies 162 scenarios with a maximum risk connected to environment and technology. To reduce the risks identified, 22 courses of action are proposed, such as audits, training, and internal controls. For each action, a procedure has been designed and evaluated. This preliminary analysis of risks allows targeting the potential dangers for the RFID implementation applied to ancillaries and reduces them significantly.

  3. The Framing of Calvin Klein: A Frame Analysis of Media Discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans Advertising Campaign.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Lauren R.

    1998-01-01

    Deconstructs the "kiddie porn" media frame used by the industry and mainstream media to characterize Klein's ad campaign. Extends scholarship on the construction of youth in the media, showing how the kiddie-porn frame produces and reproduces common-sense beliefs about the nature of youth. Suggests a metadiscourse encompassing the…

  4. The Framing of Calvin Klein: A Frame Analysis of Media Discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans Advertising Campaign.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Lauren R.

    1998-01-01

    Deconstructs the "kiddie porn" media frame used by the industry and mainstream media to characterize Klein's ad campaign. Extends scholarship on the construction of youth in the media, showing how the kiddie-porn frame produces and reproduces common-sense beliefs about the nature of youth. Suggests a metadiscourse encompassing the…

  5. [Management of patients at the Saint-Jean de Jérusalem hospital in the 12th Century].

    PubMed

    Monier, Caroline

    2010-01-01

    The Order of the Hospital Saint John of Jerusalem founded in the Holy Land on the 15th February 1113 was devoted to give the pilgrims board and lodging. Since 1125 the Hospitaliers took in sick and ensured supplies and cares for them as they recruited physicians and surgeons. A hierarchical organization lasted during the 13th century until the fall of Acre and the loss of the Holy Land. The author describes the day of a patient in this lazaret during the years of 1177 to 1187.

  6. 'Epidemic' of hand deformities in the French Renaissance paintings of Jean and François Clouet.

    PubMed

    Weisz, G M; Albury, W R; Matucci-Cerinic, M; Lazzeri, D

    2016-09-01

    This article analyses the nature of the multiple finger anomalies found in portraits by the French Renaissance artistic dynasty, the Clouets. The multiplicity of finger anomalies could be either innocent congenital variants, or pathological and traumatic deformities. In view of the presence of such `beautifying variations' in the works of other Renaissance artists, the authors decided that these features were not the result of an epidemic of deformities, but instead represented a stylistic approach in paintings of this period at the French Court.

  7. A resolution designating Jean M. Manning as Chief Counsel for Employment Emeritus of the United States Senate.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Reid, Harry [D-NV

    2014-03-13

    Senate - 03/13/2014 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  8. 'Study of several involuntary functions of the apparatus of movement, gripping, and voice' by Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard (1825).

    PubMed

    Newman, Sara

    2006-09-01

    Itard's 1825 paper, written while he was Chief Physician at the National Institute for Deaf-Mutes in Paris, demonstrates his empiricist approach to medicine. That is, Itard founded his medical practice on sense and experience rather than on surgery and medication. If all knowledge came through the senses, Itard reasoned, those lacking knowledge or social abilities could be improved by appropriate sensory stimulation. This concern with senses and society, along with his different approaches to men and women, his references to contemporary cures and his comparisons between humans and animals, document early nineteenth-century medical and psychological attitudes and treatments. Itard's paper also contains what was later recognized as the first clinical observation of Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (TS).

  9. Contributions to the history of psychology: LXXXV. Jean Piaget, student of Pierre Janet (Paris 1919-1921).

    PubMed

    Amann-Gainotti, M

    1992-06-01

    This article provides information about an important period of Piaget's formative years, those he spent in Paris from 1919 to 1921, during which he came into contact with eminent members of the French scientific and philosophical community of the time. Among these was the psychiatrist and psychologist Pierre Janet, whose genetic approach to the psychology of behaviour and ideas about the hierarchical organization of psychological functions converged with Piaget's early scientific interests and provided Piaget a conceptual framework within which to work and develop his own project of studying the genesis of knowledge.

  10. [Cartography and risk management in radiotherapy: A collaborative work of the department of radiotherapy and the department of quality and risk management at the Jean-Godinot Institute].

    PubMed

    Nguyen, T D; Devie, I; Heusghem, M; Gaillot-Petit, N; Loiseau, M

    2010-01-01

    To deploy an inductive process for radiotherapy risk management in a regional cancer centre and to infer the actions required to solve the situations of criticality. Close collaboration between the department of radiation oncology-biophysics and the department of quality and risk management in the same institution allowed to create a multiprofessional and multidisciplinary task force and to make the experience feedback easier. A preliminary risk analysis method was used to identify the generic dangers, the mapping of risks and the specification of the scales of criticality. This method helped to evaluate and to rate each apprehended event. Four scales have been defined: seriousness scale in five levels, likelihood scale in five classes, endeavour scale in four levels and criticality scale in three categories: acceptable (criticality 1) tolerable under control (criticality 2) and unacceptable (criticality 3). Fifty-seven level 1 dangerous situations linked to 78 scenarios of criticality acceptable, tolerable and unacceptable in 24, 44 and 10 cases respectively have been identified in the department of radiotherapy leading to carry out 28 risk reduction actions. The performed risk analysis offered an original frame for a collective thinking among the care providers and contributed to modify their mode of conceiving both security and radioprotection. The study allowed us to give a relevant answer to the High Authority of Health and the Authority of Nuclear Security demands either in terms of efficient management of the risks in radiotherapy or regarding the daily concerns of the caregivers. 2009 Société française de radiothérapie oncologique (SFRO). Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  11. The Mediterranean Plio-Pleistocene: A reference frame for astronomically paced low and high latitude climate changes (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lourens, Lucas

    2016-04-01

    The astronomical theory of climate has revolutionized our understanding of past climate change and the development of highly accurate geologic time scales for the entire Cenozoic. Most of this understanding has started with the construction of high-resolution stable oxygen isotope (18O) records from planktonic and benthic foraminifera of open ocean deep marine sediments explored by the international drilling operations of DSDP, ODP and IODP. These efforts culminated into global ocean isotopic stacked records, which give a clear picture of the evolution of the climate state through time. Fundamental for these reconstructions are the assumptions made between the astronomical forcing and the tuned time series and the accuracy of the astronomical solution. In the past decades, an astronomically calibrated time scale for the Pliocene and Pleistocene of the Mediterranean has been developed, which has become the reference for the standard Geologic Time Scale. Characteristic of the studied marine sediments are the cyclic lithological alternations, reflecting the interference between obliquity and precession-paced low latitude climate variability. These interference patterns allowed to evaluate the accuracy of astronomical solutions and to constrain the dynamical ellipticity of the Earth and tidal dissipation by the Sun and the Moon, which in turn provided the backbone for the widely applied LR04 open ocean benthic isotope stack of the past 5 Myr. So far, the assumed time lags between orbital forcing and the global climate response as reflected in LR04 have not been tested, while these assumptions hark back to SPECMAP, using simple ice sheet models and a limited number of radiometric dates. In addition, LR04 adopted a shorter response time for the smaller ice caps during the Pliocene. Here I present the first benthic 18O record of the Mediterranean reference scale, which strikingly mirrors the LR04. I will use this record to discuss the assumed phase relations and its potential to constrain global sea level changes and their cause over the past 5.3 million years.

  12. The future of transposable element annotation and their classification in the light of functional genomics - what we can learn from the fables of Jean de la Fontaine?

    PubMed

    Arensburger, Peter; Piégu, Benoît; Bigot, Yves

    2016-01-01

    Transposable element (TE) science has been significantly influenced by the pioneering ideas of David Finnegan near the end of the last century, as well as by the classification systems that were subsequently developed. Today, whole genome TE annotation is mostly done using tools that were developed to aid gene annotation rather than to specifically study TEs. We argue that further progress in the TE field is impeded both by current TE classification schemes and by a failure to recognize that TE biology is fundamentally different from that of multicellular organisms. Novel genome wide TE annotation methods are helping to redefine our understanding of TE sequence origins and evolution. We briefly discuss some of these new methods as well as ideas for possible alternative classification schemes. Our hope is to encourage the formation of a society to organize a larger debate on these questions and to promote the adoption of standards for annotation and an improved TE classification.

  13. Parents' and adolescents' willingness to be vaccinated against serogroup B meningococcal disease during a mass vaccination in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (Quebec).

    PubMed

    Dubé, Eve; Gagnon, Dominique; Hamel, Denis; Belley, Sylvie; Gagné, Hélène; Boulianne, Nicole; Landry, Monique; Bettinger, Julie A

    2015-01-01

    A mass vaccination campaign with the 4CMenB vaccine (Bexsero®; Novartis Pharmaceutical Canada Inc) was launched in a serogroup B endemic area in Quebec. A telephone survey was conducted to assess parental and adolescent opinions about the acceptability of the vaccine. Intent to receive the vaccine or vaccine receipt was reported by the majority of parents (93%) and adolescents (75%). Meningitis was perceived as being a dangerous disease by the majority of parents and adolescents. The majority of respondents also considered the 4CMenB vaccine to be safe and effective. The main reason for positive vaccination intention or behaviour was self-protection, while a negative attitude toward vaccination in general was the main reason mentioned by parents who did not intend to have their child vaccinated. Adolescents mainly reported lack of interest, time or information, and low perceived susceptibility and disease severity as the main reasons for not intending to be vaccinated or not being vaccinated.

  14. Parents’ and adolescents’ willingness to be vaccinated against serogroup B meningococcal disease during a mass vaccination in Saguenay–Lac-St-Jean (Quebec)

    PubMed Central

    Dubé, Eve; Gagnon, Dominique; Hamel, Denis; Belley, Sylvie; Gagné, Hélène; Boulianne, Nicole; Landry, Monique; Bettinger, Julie A

    2015-01-01

    A mass vaccination campaign with the 4CMenB vaccine (Bexsero®; Novartis Pharmaceutical Canada Inc) was launched in a serogroup B endemic area in Quebec. A telephone survey was conducted to assess parental and adolescent opinions about the acceptability of the vaccine. Intent to receive the vaccine or vaccine receipt was reported by the majority of parents (93%) and adolescents (75%). Meningitis was perceived as being a dangerous disease by the majority of parents and adolescents. The majority of respondents also considered the 4CMenB vaccine to be safe and effective. The main reason for positive vaccination intention or behaviour was self-protection, while a negative attitude toward vaccination in general was the main reason mentioned by parents who did not intend to have their child vaccinated. Adolescents mainly reported lack of interest, time or information, and low perceived susceptibility and disease severity as the main reasons for not intending to be vaccinated or not being vaccinated. PMID:26236359

  15. Kids Don't Like Wearing the Same Jeans as Their Mums and Dads: So Whose 'Life' Should Be in Significant Life Experiences Research?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gough, Annette

    1999-01-01

    Responds to the special issue of environmental education research by problematising significant life experiences research from the perspective of research and commentaries on intergenerational differences. (Author/CCM)

  16. Implications in the Theories of Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, George Kelly and Erik Erikson for the Assessment of Instruction in College Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaplin, Miriam Thomas

    The interpretation a mature reader gleans from written language is a reflection of his linguistic, cognitive, emotional, and experiential level. In providing adequate instruction, therefore, instructors must be knowledgeable about the developmental sequences characteristic of each of these domains. The theories of L.S. Vygotsky, George Kelly, Jean…

  17. [Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck (1744-1829). A dispute on the mechanism of evolution. On the bicentenary of the publication of Philosophie Zoologique (1809)].

    PubMed

    Bednarczyk, Andrzej

    2009-01-01

    The author of the paper has made an attempt to prove that a teleological interpretation of Lamarck's theory is false. It is unwarranted to attribute to Lamarck the idea that a living organism has an internal tendency to complicate its organization and to improve its mode of functioning; such a concept is not confirmed by existing textual evidence, and it is also in direct conflict with Lamarck's undisputed mechanicism. The proof presented in the paper begins with an outline of the history of this false interpretation, including the opinions of Charles Lyell and Charles Darwin. As the tendency is ascribed also to nature itself, the next phase of the proof has involved reconstructing the fully ateleological notion of nature to which Lamarck subscribed. Supposed evidence for the tendency is said to be provided by the existence of a series in which the organization of a living body grows from the simplest to the most complex. That is why the author of the current paper has analysed the concept of série animale used by Lamarck in some detail, in order to demonstrate that it is typological in character, and has nothing to do with the tendency that is allegedly inherent in the nature of an organism. Also presented in the paper, in connection with the construction of the series, is the problem of spontaneous generation, which was made complicated by Lamarck. Finally, the very notion of tendency is analysed and confronted with Lamarck's text; the latter in fact does not contain any explanations that would be teleological in the strict sense of the word. The analysis has enabled the author of the current paper to conduct an exegesis of the fragment of Lamarck's text which might give grounds to it being construed in terms of an explanation resorting to the notion of tendency, and possible interpretations of that fragment have been presented. The paper ends with a description of the mechanism which, according to Lamarck, is responsible for the rise in complexity of an organism that has the nature of a machine; such a mechanism leaves no place for any tendency to be in operation.

  18. Reevaluation of Chalcophora angulicollis (LeConte) and Chalcophora virginiensis (Drury) with a review and key to the North American species of Chalcophora DeJean (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)

    Treesearch

    Crystal A. Maier; Michael A. Ivie

    2013-01-01

    Chalcophora angulicollis (LeConte) and Chalcophora virginiensis (Drury) are shown to be valid allopatric species in the western and eastern forests of North America, respectively. The historic uncertainty regarding their status is reviewed, and new characters of the aedeagus, penultimate maxillary palpomere, and elytral serrations are utilized for their identification...

  19. Geochemical and isotopic record of anthropogenic activities - Thematic issue dedicated to Jean Carignan (1965-2012). Part 1: Radiogenic isotopes and elemental geochemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chabaux, François; Sonke, Jeroen E.; Négrel, Philippe; Cloquet, Christophe

    2015-09-01

    Anthropogenic activities are today one of the major factors controlling the evolution of our environment with major consequences on all Earth surface compartments: atmosphere, oceans, continents and biosphere. Such consequences accelerated with the industrial revolution, but probably started much earlier as they are related to the demographic evolution and the settlement of various human communities during the last millennia. They are presently reaching unequal effects all over the globe.

  20. LGIST: Learning Generalized Image Schemas for Transfer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-01

    methods we designed for image schemas and gists are plausible learning methods for infants. Our learning agent, called Jean in honor of Jean Piaget and...kind of representation, image schemas, and associated learning methods. The learning agent was called Jean . Jean is a model of early cognitive...development based loosely on Jean Piaget’s theory of sensori-motor and pre-operational thought. Like an infant, Jean repeatedly executes schemas, gradually

  1. A Noisy-Channel Approach to Question Answering

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-01

    Jean - Paul Sartre die? S2: Jean - Paul Sartre died of a lung ailment. These question-factoid pairs are... Sartre born?” we will select the following factoids: 1- Jean - Paul Sartre was born in 1905. 2- Jean - Paul Sartre died in 1980. 3- Jean - Paul Sartre was...born in Paris. 4- Jean - Paul Sartre died of a lung ailment. Up to now, we have collected about 100,000

  2. Integrated Unmanned Air-Ground Robotics System, Volume 4

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-08-20

    Winkeler, Sherri Adlich Programmatics Pat McInnis, Jim Sanders, John Carter, Jim Kirkwood Systems Integration Jim Dinges; George Smith Mechanical...les vies des soldats sur les champs de bataille , le développement de drones apparaît comme la solution idéale. Ces systèmes étant capables de missions...préserver les vies des soldats sur les champs de bataille , le développement de drones apparaît comme la solution idéale. Ces systèmes étant capables de

  3. 29 CFR 4022.104 - Examples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... Ellen designated Jean to receive any payments we might owe for periods after Ellen's death. Jean survived Ellen and lives at least another two years. We pay Jean the remaining two years of payments. As explained in § 4022.91(b), because Jean is entitled to survivor benefits under the certain-and-continuous...

  4. The Swedish Armed Forces Operational Challenges for Command and Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    Language Workshop (Atelier 2010 sur le langage de gestion du champ de bataille pour les operations en coalition). RTO-MP-MSG-079 14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT...NATO procedures Crises Response scenario (BOGALAND) including NATO- and EU-led operations HEADQUARTERS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES VIKING 11

  5. Integrated Target Acquisition and Fire Control Systems: Avionics Panel Symposium Held in Ottawa, Canada on 7-10 October 1991 (Systemes Integres d’Acquisition d’Objectifs et de Conduite de Tir)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-02-01

    ADDRESS by Major-General D.R. Williams Chief Air Doctrine and Operatiols National Defence Headquarters Major-General George R. Pearkes Bui.ding Ottawa...environnement de type champ de bataille , de nombreux objets peuvent r~pondre 4 Le deplaceinent recherch6 est one translation pure ce3 crit~es

  6. Using BML to Command and Control UAV Systems in a Coalition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES See also ADA564685. 2010 Coalition Battle Management Language Workshop (Atelier 2010 sur le langage de gestion du champ de bataille pour...algorithms for automatic target recognition emulation DRCI (detection, recognition, classification & identification) • Utilized George Mason University

  7. Photodynamic Therapy for Acinetobacter baumannii Burn Infections in Mice

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-29

    Acinetobacter baumannii Burn Infections in Mice Tianhong Dai,1,2 George P. Tegos,1,2 Zongshun Lu,1,3 Liyi Huang,1,2,4 Timur Zhiyentayev,1,5 Michael J...Agents Che- mother. 50:1402–1410. 28. Vallenet, D., P. Nordmann, V. Barbe, L. Poirel, S. Mangenot, E. Bataille , C. Dossat, S. Gas, A. Kreimeyer, P

  8. A Paradigm for Security Metrics in Counterinsurgency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    The rest go on with their old measurements and expect me to fit them. — George Bernard Shaw, Playwright The history of COIN security metrics...at an estimated 263,000 in 1962.87 The book Souvenirs de la Bataille d’Alger written by Saadi Yacef in 1962 inspired the movie Battle of Algiers

  9. Development of an Assessment Methodology for Demonstrating Usability, Technical Maturity, and Operational Benefits of Advanced Medical Technology (Developpement d’une Methodologie d’Evaluation Permettant de Demontrer la Facilite d’Utilisation, la Maturite Technique et les Avantages Operationnels des Technologies Medicales Evoluees)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    AloisThoemmes@bundeswehr.org GREECE Major George KATOPODIS Hellenic Air Force General Staff Department Informatics (D4/2) 229 Mesogeion Avenue 11561...maintenir une vigilance médicale sur le champ de bataille , en passant plus récemment par le concept d’utilisation de Véhicules aériens sans pilote (UAV

  10. P. Otlet's Mundaneum and the International Perspective in the History of Documentation and Information Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rieusset-Lemarie, Isabelle

    1997-01-01

    Discusses Paul Otlet's idea of an international center for the storage and dissemination of information called "The Mundaneum." Highlights include the influence of positivism, centralism, and monumentalism on Otlet; the ideas of Georges Bataille; international coordination through a worldwide network; and the role of architectural…

  11. Learn.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Studabaker, Anne

    1988-01-01

    Describes three IBM compatible French language software packages: (1) "Ticket to Paris," a tourist searches for his cousin answering questions on culture, language, history, art, banking, and shopping; (2) "La Guillotine," a French version of the hangman game; and (3) "Bataille de Mots," tutors on 450 French nouns,…

  12. The Ideology of Free Culture and the Grammar of Sabotage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasquinelli, Matteo

    2010-01-01

    Bringing post-Operaismo into network culture, this text tries to introduce the notion of surplus in a contemporary media debate dominated by a simple symmetry between immaterial and material domain, between digital economy and bioeconomy. Therefore a new asymmetry is first shaped through Serres' conceptual figure of the parasite and Bataille's…

  13. A Turning Point for Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Literacy Work, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Discusses the publication "A Turning Point for Literacy" edited by Leon Bataille, and based on information from the International Symposium for Literacy (1975). The author notes that the document represents the complete history and background of literacy from the point of departure in 1965 to a turning point in 1975. (TA)

  14. Gathering of Human Intelligence in Counter-Insurgency Warfare: The French Experience During the Battle of Algiers (January - October 1957)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    2002), 151 15 Roger Trinquier, La guerre moderne (Paris: Albin Michel, 1980). 16 Trinquier, La guerre moderne. 17 Jacques Fremeaux, telephone...La bataille d’Alger. Paris: Publisud, 2002  Trinquier, Roger. La guerre moderne. Paris : Albin Michel, 1980.  Vidal-Naquet, Pierre. Face à la

  15. Learn.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Studabaker, Anne

    1988-01-01

    Describes three IBM compatible French language software packages: (1) "Ticket to Paris," a tourist searches for his cousin answering questions on culture, language, history, art, banking, and shopping; (2) "La Guillotine," a French version of the hangman game; and (3) "Bataille de Mots," tutors on 450 French nouns,…

  16. The Ideology of Free Culture and the Grammar of Sabotage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasquinelli, Matteo

    2010-01-01

    Bringing post-Operaismo into network culture, this text tries to introduce the notion of surplus in a contemporary media debate dominated by a simple symmetry between immaterial and material domain, between digital economy and bioeconomy. Therefore a new asymmetry is first shaped through Serres' conceptual figure of the parasite and Bataille's…

  17. "The Clouds Are Alive because They Fly in the Air as if They Were Birds": A Re-Analysis of What Children Say and Mean in Clinical Interviews in the Work of Jean Piaget

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pramling, Niklas

    2006-01-01

    This article is about the contributions children make in clinical interviews. This issue is studied by re-analysing a selection of the empirical excerpts used by Piaget in his seminal book The Child's Conception of the World. The focus is on how children use language non-literally, and especially on how they use meta-communicative markers ("as…

  18. "The Clouds Are Alive because They Fly in the Air as if They Were Birds": A Re-Analysis of What Children Say and Mean in Clinical Interviews in the Work of Jean Piaget

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pramling, Niklas

    2006-01-01

    This article is about the contributions children make in clinical interviews. This issue is studied by re-analysing a selection of the empirical excerpts used by Piaget in his seminal book The Child's Conception of the World. The focus is on how children use language non-literally, and especially on how they use meta-communicative markers ("as…

  19. Routledge Handbook on the Global History of Nursing D'Antonio Patricia Fairman Julie Whelan Jean C Routledge Handbook on the Global History of Nursing 270pp £39.99 Routledge 9781138958982 1138958980 [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2017-03-22

    The chapters in this book vary in the depth, nature and quality of historical research they represent, but all are interesting and worth reading. Some focus on particular methods and others focus on various historical topics.

  20. Reflections on the use of the concept of plasticity in neurobiology. Translation and adaptation by Bruno Will, John Dalrymple-Alford, Mathieu Wolff and Jean-Christophe Cassel from J. Paillard, J Psychol 1976;1:33-47.

    PubMed

    Will, Bruno; Dalrymple-Alford, John; Wolff, Mathieu; Cassel, Jean-Christophe

    2008-09-01

    After having underlined the ambiguities of the concept of plasticity and the dangers of its purely metaphoric use in neurobiology, it is suggested that we return to a more precise definition of the structure, the operating principles and the function of the "systemic" unit or "integron" relevant to the particular level of analysis in question. Any change can then be described as a modification of function, a change in the operation principles, or an alteration of the material structure of the system. It is suggested that the term plastic should be restricted to describing, among the possible variations in the operating principles or the function of a given system, any lasting alteration of the connectivity network of the system under the influence of an external force or environmental constraint. Therefore, systematic or random variations of performance, functional flexibility or the vicarious(1) processes or strategies that can be found in a rigidly wired system are not justified examples of plasticity.

  1. Rainfall analysis and its implication on the mass balance and hydrological regime of the Zongo Glacier (Bolivia) Cinthya Ramallo, Thomas Condom, Jean-Emmanuel Sicart, and Thierry Lebel IRD/UJF-Grenoble1/CNRS/G-INP, LTHE, Grenoble, France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramallo, C.; Condom, Thomas; Sicart, Jean-Emmanuel; Lebel, Thierry

    2013-05-01

    The general context of the study is to describe the changes in the mass balance and in the hydrological regime of the Zongo glacier in relation with the rainfall variability. The hypothesis considered is that the characteristics of the rainy season strongly influence the mass balance and the hydrological regime with a control on the fusion. A new daily rainfall database for the last thirty years in the real cordillera region has been elaborated and two climatic regions can be distinguished: the Altiplano and Zongo Valley. Several methods are tested for each region to characterize the rainy season (duration, onset, end, amount of rain) considering different thresholds. Results show that annual rainfall is controlled by the number of rainy days on the Altiplano and by the intensity in the Zongo Valley. No strong correlations between ENSO and annual rainfall have been found. Comparing the last two decades, we observe a decrease of the amount of rain during the installation of the rainy season but an increase of the intensity. Inter-annual variability of the rainy day number is constant for the decades [1990-2000] and [2000-2010] but a change in the seasonal cycle is shown especially during the onset and the heart of the rainy season. The second part of the study quantifies the impact of the rainy season on the Mass balance and the hydrological regime considering each characteristic: duration, onset and end of the rainy season. The correlation between different properties and the runoff from the fusion is stronger than the correlation between the mass balance and the rainy season properties. The properties of the rainy season that explain better the hydrological behavior are the duration and the amount of rain. Finally, this study propose a link between the rainy season with hydrological functioning and mass balance for the Cordillera Real in Bolivia and these results have to be generalized for the other mountainous tropical regions.

  2. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Jean Dam. (NDI I.D. Number PA-00570 PennDER I.D. Number 40-16) Susquehanna River Basin, Branch of Kitchen Creek, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    is formally inspected on an annual basis by state representatives of the PennDER, Division of Com - pleted Projects. Results of past inspections...ftfts dSA 5t- .l 7.dll -, -v * W6D6 S4~ J - ~ SI-, b%~MobUmeeftf. m =Ara~ .j WSJ ~j~7 fara’ - - A6 WsM .fSW cft =M1=1 -I-. 5Tf4M

  3. Designing an Instrument to Identify Instructor Characteristics and Student Reactions in U.S. Marine Corps Vocational Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    design) and Jean Piaget (cognitive development) (Swanson & Holton, 2001). Cognitivists have significantly influenced adult learning through key...dimensions of the personality‖ (Bertrand, 2003, p. 314). Jean -Jacques Rousseau (internal conflict and alienation), Abraham Maslow (hierarchy of needs and

  4. National Committee for the Prevention of Elder Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... Member benefits include: Subscription to the Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect (JEAN, a $198 value) 15% discount on educational ... Stein, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect (JEAN) and the 2016 Rosalie S. Wolf Elder Abuse ...

  5. Organized Crime in the United States: Organizational Analogies for Counterinsurgency Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    Roger Trinquier’s book Modern Warfare: A French View of Counterinsurgency, and General Jacque Massu’s book La Vraie Bataille D’Alger. General Massu’s...Ardito Ruggiero Boiardo Lawrence Centore Thomas Contaldo Gerardo Catena Consigliere (Counselor) Benjamin DeMartino Peter Defeo George Filippone Matteo...Joseph Paterno Frank Moccardi Guiseppe Arcuri Salvatore Aurello Anthony Ciccone Joseph Corrao Frank Dapolito Thomas Debrizzi George Dicicco James Failla

  6. Genome-Wide Chromosomal Targets of Oncogenic Transcription Factors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    Method. Methods 25: 402–408. Loh, Y.H., Wu, Q., Chew, J.L., Vega, V.B., Zhang, W., Chen, X., Bourque, G., George , J., Leong, B., Liu, J., et al. 2006...shock. Genes Dev 20: 2250–2265. 32. Guillemette B, Bataille AR, Gevry N, Adam M, Blanchette M, et al. (2005) Variant histone H2A.Z is globally localized

  7. Air Power and Maneuver Warfare

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-07-01

    way to integrate air power on the one hand with maneuver warfare on the other. While American commanders such as Robert E. Lee and George S. Patton...MANEUVER WARFARE years .’ Nevertheless, it should not be forgotten that few commanders of any time or place have fought as many great battles- batailles ...the process to a boxer who uses one arm to parry his opponent’s punches and draw his attention while striking with the other. Gen George S. Patton

  8. The Future of the JC3IEDM

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-25

    langage de gestion du champ de bataille pour les operations en coalition). RTO-MP-MSG-079 14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF...reportable-item-text materiel-type- stock -number-text materiel-type-supply-class-code materiel-type-issuing-height-dimension materiel-type-issuing-length...materiel-type-category-code materiel-type-reportable-item-text materiel-type- stock -number-text materiel-type-supply-class-code materiel-type-issuing

  9. Prognostication: Do the Services See the Same Future of Warfare?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    societal structures imposed war on otherwise peaceful humans. Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote some of the foundational concepts behind this theory of war...determines 6 Jean Jacques Rousseau , A Discourse Upon the Origins and Foundation of the...to Future Insurgency-Type Operations, Harvey Says”, Defense Daily, Vol. 233, Iss. 13. 23 January 2007. Rousseau , Jean Jacques . A Discourse Upon the

  10. Current Canadian Forces Education and Training for Moral and Ethical Decision Making in Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    College Saint- Jean (RMCSJ), Canadian Forces College (CFC), Canadian Forces Military Law Centre (CFMLC), Canadian Forces Chaplain School and Centre (CFCSC...2.1.2 Royal Military College Saint- Jean (RMCSJ)............................................................................. 11 2.1.3 Canadian Forces...College RMCSJ Royal Military College Saint- Jean ROEs Rules of Engagement SA Scientific Authority SAP Senior Appointment Programme SGBV Sexual

  11. Using Software Development Tools and Practices in Acquisition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    Teresa (Nolan, Nor- ton and Co.), Proctor, Larry (Nolan, Norton and Co.), Cordelle, Denis (Cap Gemini Segoti), Fero- tin, Jean-Eloi (Cap Gemini Segoti...Solvay, Jean-Philippe (Cap Gemini Segoti), & Segoti, Jean- Philippe (Cap Gemini Segoti). Software Process Automation: Experiences from the Trenches

  12. Stendhal: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brombert, Victor, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Victor Brombert, Martin Turnell, Erich Auerbach, Jean Prevost, Raymond Giraud, Irving Howe, Judd D. Hubert, Leon Blum, Jean Starobinski, Jean-Pierre Richard, and Simone de Beauvoir--all dealing with the biography and…

  13. Stendhal: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brombert, Victor, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Victor Brombert, Martin Turnell, Erich Auerbach, Jean Prevost, Raymond Giraud, Irving Howe, Judd D. Hubert, Leon Blum, Jean Starobinski, Jean-Pierre Richard, and Simone de Beauvoir--all dealing with the biography and…

  14. Alpha 90. Current Research in Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hautecoeur, Jean-Paul, Ed.

    This publication contains 21 reports that explore and document literacy. Following an introduction (Jean-Paul Hautecoeur), the first part deals with literacy in North America. Reports are "Functional Illiteracy and the 'New Literacy'" (Jean-Pierre Velis); "Literacy Policy in Quebec: An Historical Overview" (Jean-Paul…

  15. The poignant, the excessive and the enigmatic in sexuality.

    PubMed

    Stein, R

    1998-04-01

    The author offers a contribution to redressing a certain lack of theorization concerning the specific power and meaning of sexuality. This begins with George Klein's suggestion that it is the quality of a specific, poignant sensuality that characterizes sexuality. Bataille's ideas about the violent and excessive aspects of eroticism provide some answers to the question of what makes for this special poignant quality. Bataille captures a profound link between the sacred and the erotic with regard to their both being linked with taboos and their transgression as opposed to habitual 'work mentality' and established order. The excessive dimension highlighted by Bataille is complemented in the work of Laplanche about sexuality as opposed to 'functional', self-preservative ego needs, and the excess of the 'enigmatic message' transmitted by the mother while satisfying the infant's ego needs that establishes the infant's unconscious and sexuality. Losing the nutritive object, a process of fantasizing sets in; the influx of strong sensations that cannot yet be integrated spills over into libidinal excitement. The gap between the other's excess and the child's limited resources can then be sexualized. A picture emerges of non-procreative sexuality as foreign to ordinary experience and as transcending one's limits.

  16. Scalar excitation with Leggett frequency in 3He -B and the 125 GeV Higgs particle in top quark condensation models as pseudo-Goldstone bosons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Volovik, G. E.; Zubkov, M. A.

    2015-09-01

    We consider the scenario in which the light Higgs scalar boson appears as the pseudo-Goldstone boson. We discuss examples in both condensed matter and relativistic field theory. In 3He -B the symmetry breaking gives rise to four Nambu-Goldstone (NG) modes and 14 Higgs modes. At lower energy one of the four NG modes becomes the Higgs boson with a small mass. This is the mode measured in experiments with the longitudinal NMR, and the Higgs mass corresponds to the Leggett frequency MH=ℏΩB . The formation of the Higgs mass is the result of the violation of the hidden spin-orbit symmetry at low energy. In this scenario the symmetry-breaking energy scale Δ (the gap in the fermionic spectrum) and the Higgs mass scale MH are highly separated: MH≪Δ . On the particle physics side we consider the model inspired by the models of Refs. Cheng et al. [J. High Energy Phys. 08 (014) 095] and Fukano et al. [Phys. Rev. D 90, 055009 (2014)]. At high energies the SU(3) symmetry is assumed which relates the left-handed top and bottom quarks to the additional fermion χL. This symmetry is softly broken at low energies. As a result the only C P -even Goldstone boson acquires a mass and may be considered as a candidate for the 125 GeV scalar boson. We consider a condensation pattern different from that typically used in top-seesaw models, where the condensate ⟨t¯ LχR⟩ is off-diagonal. In our case the condensates are mostly diagonal. Unlike the work of Cheng et al. [J. High Energy Phys. 08 (014) 095] and Fukano et al. [Phys. Rev. D 90, 055009 (2014)], the explicit mass terms are absent and the soft breaking of SU(3) symmetry is given solely by the four-fermion terms. This reveals a complete analogy with 3He, where there is no explicit mass term and the spin-orbit interaction has the form of the four-fermion interaction.

  17. Infrared-Laser Excitation of the Internal Vibrational Mode of a Diatomic Molecule Adsorbed on a Metal Surface.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-11-01

    Excitation of the Internal Vibrational Mode of a Diatomic Molecule Adsorbed on a Metal Surface m by ’ Andre Peremans, Jacques Darville , Jean-Marie...Andre Peremans, Jacques Darville , Jean-Marie Gilles and Thomas F. George 13. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED 14. DATE OF REPORT (Yr. Mo.. Dayl As...ON A METAL SURFACE h Andr& Peremans , Jacques Darville and Jean-Marie Gilles _ _ _ _ Laboratoire de Spectroscopie Mol6culaire de Surface Accesnion

  18. Governing in a Post-Conflict Society: Social Fit

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    society. 1 Jean - Jacques Rousseau , On the Social Contract (Hackett Pub Co, 1988), 20. 2 In... Rousseau , Jean - Jacques . On the Social Contract. Hackett Pub Co, 1988. Roy, Olivier. Islam and Resistance in Afghanistan. 2nd ed. Cambridge University...government to be legitimate, it would therefore be necessary in each generation for the people to be master of its acceptance or rejection.1 Jean - Jacques

  19. The Dynamic Multi-objective Multi-vehicle Covering Tour Problem

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    Elsevier, 2007. ISBN 9780444513465. URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0927-0507(06)14006-2. [40] Cordeau, Jean -Francois, Guy Desaulniers, Jacques Desrosiers...Transactions on, 54(10):2302–2317, 2009. [11] Attanasio, Andrea, Jean -François Cordeau, Gianpaolo Ghiani, and Gilbert Laporte. “Parallel Tabu Search...2007. [39] Cordeau, Jean -François, Gilbert Laporte, Martin W. P. Savelsbergh, and Daniele Vigo. Chapter 6 Vehicle Routing, volume 14, 367–428

  20. Philosophy Driving Ontology: Ideas from the Past Influencing the Future of Command (and Control)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    paper provides insight by describing the relevant ideas on command from two classical political philosophers, Jean - Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes...know? This paper provides insight by describing the relevant ideas on command from two classical political philosophers, Jean - Jacques Rousseau and...humans must take to enable human progress, Thomas Hobbes and Jean - Jacques Rousseau . From this beginning, the paper develops the idea of trusting

  1. Conjunctive Faith: A Critique and Analysis from an Evangelical Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    and the structural-developmen- tal theories of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. Once the structure of Conjunctive Faith had been defined, then an...Influence of Erik Erikson . ....... 27 The Influence of Jean Piaget .. ........ 29 The Influence of Lawrence Kohlberg ...... .. 30 Contributions of the...34 3 5 Piaget’s work, which predated Kohlberg’s, provid- ed some important thoughts for faith development research. The Influence of Jean Piaget The

  2. A Matter of Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-21

    OUTCOMES. Based on the theoretical work of Jean Piaget and George Herbert Mead regarding perspective-taking capability enabling non-egocentric...Development: A Sullivan- Piaget Perspective, Phoenix ed. (University of Chicago Press, 1982), 9. 27 Perrine Ruby and Jean Decety, ―How Would You Feel Versus...unnecessary risk to his mission and people. 12 Many perspective-taking concepts and theories emerged from Jean Piaget’s developmental models; for a

  3. National Science Resources Center Project to Improve Science Teaching in Elementary Schools. Appendix D. Science for Children, an Agenda for Action. Appendix E. Science for Children, Resources for Teachers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-01

    with Jean Piaget through her experiences as an Teachers College Press. 1987. associate professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. The major...create a defense- tions in Math and Science (GEMS). less animal and supply it with physical defense mechanisms. They then Echols, Jean . Berkeley, CA...the honeybee; the parts of a honeybee’s Jean C. Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Hall of body; and how bees adapt to the larger world. Students participate in

  4. Developing an Object-Oriented Curriculum

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-09-01

    three 00 languages and how they incorporate the essential definitions. Chapter IV looks at the Developmental Psychology work authored by Jean Piaget ...of C++. 33 34 IV. PIAGET’S DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY One of the dominant figures in contemporary development psychology is Jean Piaget . This work...to the writings of Jean Piaget . (Hilgard and Bower, 1975) 44 V. APPROACHES TO TEACHING OOP The OOP technique helps programmers master the problems of

  5. Bibliography on Children and the Physical Environment. Child Care Centers, Outdoor Play Environments, and Other Children’s Environments.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-12-01

    Architects’Journal, Downtown Seattle Freeway (1976) October 1976, 65(10), 10. Flavell, J.H. (1963) The Developmental Psychology of Jean Piaget . Princeton, N.J.: Van...scale environ- ment: the impact of Piagetian theory. Paper presented at the Jean Piaqet Society meeting, Philadelphia, June 1975. Alexander, C. (1979...20, 680-684. Elkind, D. (1974) Children and Adolescents: Interpretive Essays on Jean Pia et. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974. -37 Elkind, D

  6. Caribbean Region: Issues in U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-25

    about the circumstances regarding the departure of President Jean Bertrand Aristide from Haiti in February 2004. In the aftermath of several devastating...aftermath of the departure of President Jean Bertrand Aristide from power in February 2004. CARICOM nations called for an investigation into the...government of Jean Bertrand Aristide because of concerns over corruption and human rights, but there has been renewed cooperation under the new Haitian

  7. The Effect of Combat on the Developing Personality

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-23

    Jean Piaget , Psychology of the Child (New York: Basic Books, 1969), 130. 8. D.P. Ausubel, "Implications of preadolescent and early adolescent...E. Douvan and J. Adelson, The Adolescent Experience (New York: John Wiley, 1966). 22. Jean Piaget , "The mature state of moral development," in Life...Stress Reactions." In Handbook of Military Psychology, ed. Reuven Gal and A. David Mangelsdorff, 521. New York: Wiley, 1991. Piaget , Jean Psychology of

  8. RECOVERY, A Mathematical Model to Predict the Temporal Response of Surface Water to Contaminated Sediments.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-11-01

    Model to Predict the Temporal Response of Surface Water to Contaminated Sediments by Jean M. Boyer, Steven C. Chapra , University of Colorado Carlos E...Response of Surface Water to Contaminated Sediments by Jean M. Boyer, Steven C. Chapra University of Colorado Center for Advanced Decision Support for...Advanced Decision Support for Water and Environmental Systems (CADSWES), University of Colorado, Boulder, CO. Dr. Steven C. Chapra and Ms. Jean M. Boyer

  9. Capturing Heaven

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, G.

    2009-02-01

    Science communication, like other areas of study, features prominent figures who lead the field. One such individual is Jean-Pierre Luminet, a researcher, communicator, artist and author. As recipient of the 2007 European Science Communication Prize for Communicator of the Year, Jean-Pierre is at the forefront of his field. The CAPjournal editorial team interviewed Jean-Pierre to discover more about the man, his mission and his methods.

  10. West Europe Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-21

    BELGIUM Gol Criticizes CVP on Regional Financing Issues ( Jean Gol Interview; LE SOIR, 14 Nov 86) 52 FINLAND SPAIN Nordic Economic Unity Needs...FLNKS PLANS Paris ROUGE in French 27 Nov-3 Dec 86 p 15 [Interview with FLNKS President Jean -Marie Tjibaou by Alain Krivine in France; date not...given] [Text] Jean -Marie Tjibaou has just paid a visit to France. Chirac, noting his mistrust of the Kanaks, refused to see him. The president of the

  11. Galileo: Power, Pride, and Profit. The Relative Influence of Realist, Ideational, and Liberal Factors on the Galileo Satellite Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-31

    was the DG from 1997 until 2003. Jean - Jacque Dordain became the DG in July 2003 and was reappointed in 2007.10 The official Galileo program...July 2003) ESA Director General Jean - Jacque Dordain produced an internal position paper which explicitly stated that ESA now interpreted “peaceful...countries outside Europe. 121 This section relies heavily on reporting of a January 17, 2007 press conference by ESA Director General Jean - Jacques

  12. West Europe Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-27

    Helios, Syracuse II Satellite Programs Detailed ( Jean -Paul Croize; LE FIGARO, 3 Feb 87) "* Increased Competition, New Markets for Weapons Sales...LIBERATION, 7-8 Mar 87) Problems, Advantages _ South East Asian Market, by Jean Guisnel °" Socialist Policy Shift, Editorial by Pierre Briancon...12466 CSO: 3554/118 73 MILITARY FRANCE HELIOS, SYRACUSE II SATELLITE PROGRAMS DETAILED Paris LE FIGARO in French 3 Feb 87 p 10 ^TLrticle by Jean

  13. [The Pluvinet, chemists and grocers, during the french Revolution and the Empire].

    PubMed

    Flahaut, Jean

    2003-01-01

    Between 1750 and 1813, the ancient archives described two Pluvinet: Jean-Claude and Jean-Charles (or Jean-Baptiste-Charles). They were chemists and grocers; they had various activities, with Lavoisier, with Cadet de Gassicourt, at the Council of the City of Paris, etc. But frequent confusions exist between the two first names, and it seems possible that they concern only one man, who changed his first name according to the events.

  14. The Development and Retention of Critical Thinking Dispositions Among Students of the Air Force Institute of Technology Graduate Management Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    cognitive developmental 2-8 psychologists, most notably Jean Piaget . Piaget theorizes human intellectual development as passing through four stages...Developmental Psychology of Jean Piaget . New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1963. 18. Fowler, Floyd J., Jr. Survey Research Methods. Beverly Hills: Sage...23. Inhelder, Barbel, and Jean Piaget . The Growth of Logical Thinking From Childhood to Adolescence. Basic Books, Inc., Publishers (location unknown

  15. Rwanda Gacaca Traditional Courts: An Alternative Solution for Post-Genocide Justice and National Reconciliation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    international reaction, except from two Nobel Prize winners Bertrand Russel and Jean - Paul Sartre who described the killings as the most horrible and...characteristics of the three groups. They taught their theories in schools, and based administrative policies on them. Jean Paul Harroy, the resident governor of...conviction for genocide by an international court in the case of Paul Akayezu and the indictment, arrest, and guilty plea of former Prime Minister Jean

  16. The Problem of Dirty Hands: The Moral Dilemma of Public Life.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-04-21

    Plavs by Jean - Paul Sartre (New York: Vintage Books, 1955). iv. arguments which will then be presented on the question of whether the problem is a real...of Ethics. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1939. _ The Right and the Good. Oxford, The Claren- don Press, 1930. Sartre , Jean - Paul . Dirty Hands (Les Mains...Sales). In No Exit and Three Other Plays by Jean - Paul Sartre , pp. 131-248. New York: Vintage Books, 1955. Existentialism as a Humanism. Translated by

  17. A Piagetian Constructivist Perspective on Curriculum Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    London, Clement B. G.

    1990-01-01

    Focuses specifically on Jean Piaget's theory of development. Examines Piaget's ideas about constructivism and explores the application of this theoretical perspective to the conceptualization of curriculum development. (MG)

  18. 75 FR 6398 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ..., IN 46805, Officers, Tonya R. Watson, Vice President, (Qualifying Individual), Sabah A. Qiyas..., COO, (Qualifying Individual), Jean Jacques Lalou, CEO. Geevee Enterprises Inc. dba Aerosend, 245 W...

  19. A Piagetian Constructivist Perspective on Curriculum Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    London, Clement B. G.

    1990-01-01

    Focuses specifically on Jean Piaget's theory of development. Examines Piaget's ideas about constructivism and explores the application of this theoretical perspective to the conceptualization of curriculum development. (MG)

  20. 76 FR 53692 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: United States Postal Service...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-29

    ... to verify that individuals requesting the USPS vacancy data represent government, academic, and non..., 2011. Jean Lin Pao, General Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy, Development and Research....

  1. Perceptions of outpatients regarding the attire of physiotherapists.

    PubMed

    Mercer, Erin; Mackay-Lyons, Marilyn; Conway, Nicki; Flynn, Jennifer; Mercer, Chris

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated perceptions of patients regarding physiotherapists' attire. Three hundred patients in three publicly funded outpatient physiotherapy clinics were asked to complete a questionnaire, ranking four photographed modes of attire (lab coat, tailored dress, "scrubs," and jeans) in terms of professionalism, preference, and appropriateness and rating their level of agreement with four statements about physiotherapists' attire. Response rate was 63.7 %. The lab coat was ranked most professional, tailored dress most preferred, and jeans least professional and least preferred. Although jeans were deemed inappropriate (p < 0.001), strong support was shown for wearing jeans on "casual day" (p = 0.001). Age of respondents influenced the perception of the appropriateness of wearing jeans (p = 0.007 for male therapist; p = 0.017 for female therapist); only the cohort <36 years considered jeans appropriate apparel. Overall exposure to physiotherapists (number of lifetime visits) affected patients' perceptions of the importance of attire (p = 0.039) and the appropriateness of wearing jeans (p = 0.018): as number of visits increased, perceived importance decreased and perceived propriety of jeans increased. The findings of this study, the first to examine patients' opinions of physiotherapists' attire, suggest that outpatients made clear distinctions between what they perceived as professional and what they preferred, as well as between the appropriateness of physiotherapists' wearing jeans in general and the appropriateness of their doing so on "casual day." Age and exposure to physiotherapists influenced patients' perceptions of attire.

  2. Disposable Multi-Sensor Unattended Ground Sensor Systems for Detecting Personnel (Systemes de detection multi-capteurs terrestres autonome destines a detecter du personnel)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-01

    exercise held in March of 2012 on the SW US border was well attended by participating Nations. This included SASNet from Canada and Pearls of Wisdom system...personnel (STO-TR-SET-158) Synthèse Les travaux menés par le groupe de travail « Systèmes de détection multi-capteurs terrestres autonome destinés à...objectifs sur le champ de bataille. Le groupe de travail a insisté sur les technologies de détection autonomes à faible coût afin de répondre au besoin

  3. Napoleon I: A Bibliography.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-02-01

    64:255-270, February-November 1919. COOLEN, E.A. "Surprise," CAJ, 5:18-33, July 1951; 5:62-72, August 1951. DUTCHER, GEORGE M. "Tendencies and...SMIRNOFF, ALEXANDER "General Robert E. Lee and Napoleon," AQ, 14:121-9, 1927. STEPHENSON, GEORGE M. "Napoleon--Master Logistician," ALOG, 11:20-3...October 1964. GROBERT, J. "Une Relation de la Bataille des Pyramides," RdA, 83:421-30, 1913-1914. .4 WHITE, DIMITRI F. "Russo-Turkish Operations," MCG, 32

  4. For the Duration: The Lessons of Protracted Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-05-20

    language. (New York, 1975), p. 259. 16 Anthony Kel let, Combat Motivation. (Boston, 1982), pp. 41-46. 17 Clash of Arms Games, Standard Rulesi Les Batailles ...Schneider, p. 6. 4 1Martin Van Creveld, Command in War. (Harvard, 1985), pp. 262-263. 42FH. George , £)brnetic. (London, 1971), pp. 8-9. 4 3 Schneider, p...BG. The West Point Atlas of American Wars. Volume I[ 1689-1900. New York: Praeger, Fifth Printing, 1972. F. H. George , Cybcneti cs London: The English

  5. The Burden of Trafalgar: Decisive Battle and Naval Strategic Expectations on the Eve of the First World War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-10-01

    enemies’ motive power, capture, risk, destroy.,,6 But what exactly was a victorious bataille royaZe to decide? What were its aims, and how did one tell a...Empire (London: George Bell and Sons, 1 895) , p. 47 . 53 . Helmut Pemsel, A History of War at Sea, tra ns. Maj . D.G . Smith (Annapolis: Naval I...1 803- 1 4 (London : George Allen & Unwin Ltd. , 1 973) , p. 1 4 . The author’s data are taken from Edouard D esbriere’s Projects et Tentilles

  6. Whose crazy investment in sex?

    PubMed

    Mandlis, Lane R

    2011-01-01

    By probing the processes of exclusion of transsexuals from the political sphere, this article offers contributions to social and political theory through an examination of the processes of exclusion from the category "human." This article considers how the erasure of investment in their own embodied sex constructs a platform from which to blame others for sex/gender variance, as well as to justify that blaming. Bringing together Giorgio Agamben, Georges Bataille, Judith Butler, and Nikolas Rose with transphobia, medicalization in psychiatry, law, and ethopolitics, this article questions whose investment in sexed embodiment counts and why that investment might be seen as "crazy."

  7. Regulated Ubiquitinylation-Dependent Corepressor and Coactivator Complex Exchange as a Potential Target in Estrogen-Dependent Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    Appendices B) References Miller, L. D., Smeds, J., George , J., Vega, V. B., Vergara, L., Ploner, A., Pawitan, Y., Hall, P., Klaar, S., Liu, E. T...Deblois G, Lefebvre C, Bataille AR, Robert F, Giguere V (2005) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102:11651–11656. 14. Fan JB, Yeakley JM, Bibikova M, Chudin E, Wickham...Liyanarachchi S, Yan PS, Leu YW, Chan MW, Plass C, Nephew KP, et al. (2006) Mol Cell 21:393–404. 40. Miller LD, Smeds J, George J, Vega VB, Vergara L

  8. U.S. Atlantic Fleet, Task Force 86 Operations and Action of the Support Force Eighth’ Fleet During Invasion of Southern France

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1944-10-21

    TEEMAGAKT 2 DD (2) DELT^\\ Gunfire Group (CTG 85.12) Rear Admiral Bryant TEXAS (F), NEVADA - 2 BB PHILADELPHIA 1 CL GEORGES LEYGUHS, MONTCAIM 2 CL...BROOKLYN LORRAINE H.P. JOKES MADISON WOOLSEY (F) EDISON LUDLOW (2) Support Group Two, MO NT C AIM (F) GEORG -23 LEYGUES GLOJEE (3) Support Group Three...Aviation. Lieutenant T.M. CLEMENT, USNR, Mines. Capltaln de Fregate M.J.B. Gunnery. BATAILLE , F»N*, Liaison and Captain R.K, DAVTS, USN, Chief of

  9. Twins reunited: scientific and personal perspectives/twin research studies: multiple birth effects on IQ and body size; life style, muscles, and metabolism; monochorionic dizygotic twin with blood chimerism; amniocentesis for twins/twins in the media: identical doctors; freedom fighter for twins; twin scholarships; Auguste and Jean-Felix Piccard; twins born apart.

    PubMed

    Segal, Nancy L; Mulligan, Christy A

    2014-04-01

    A reunion of 38-year-old female monozygotic twins took place in Daegu, South Korea, on January 14, 2014. Scientific and personal perspectives on this extraordinary event are provided. A review of timely twin research follows, covering the effects of multiple births on IQ and body size, lifestyle and physical fitness associations, a rare case of a dizygotic twin with blood chimerism and definitional issues surrounding amniocentesis-related loss in multiple birth pregnancies. Interesting and informative mention of twins in the media includes twin doctors, a twin freedom fighter, the availability of college scholarships for twins, a new book about the Piccard family (two of whose members were twins), and co-twins born before and after the new year. A follow-up to a previous mention of identical twin biatheletes is also provided.

  10. Challenges for This Kind of War: Modifying Army Awards for a New Century of Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-19

    operation was called ROCK MOVE. . 62 60 Jean Larteguy. The Praetorians. Translated by Xan... Fontaine , Scott. "Seeing Some Quality Bang-Bang." www.thenewstribune.com. February 22, 2009. http://blogs.thenewstribune.com/military/2009/02...Krepinevich, Andrew F. The Army and Vietnam. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986. Larteguy, Jean . The Praetorians. Translated by Xan

  11. Civil-Military Relations During Coalition Operations in the Balkans

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-05-01

    no. 4 (October 1997), 94; and General Jean Cot, French Army, “Dayton ou la Porte Etroite: Genese et Avenir d’un Desastre ,” in Derniere Guerre...Defense Nationale 53, no. 4 (October 1997), 94; and General Jean Cot, French Army, “Dayton ou la Porte Etroite: Genese et Avenir d’un Desastre ,” in

  12. Outsourcing, Managing, Supervising, and Regulating Private Military Companies in Contingency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    were roughly twice as much as those collected in France. 30 25 Jean - Jacques Rousseau , The Social...77fdc125641e0052b079 (accessed July 5, 2010). Rousseau , Jean - Jacques . The Social Contract, in P.D. Jimack, ed., The Social Contract and Discourses (Rutland, Vt

  13. History of the USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The Jean Mayer United States Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, while quite a mouthful, is aptly named, since it has contributed substantially to the legacy of Jean Mayer, to the scientific stature of the USDA and, in Atwater’s tradition, to the d...

  14. Enhancing Teachers’ Skills for Executive Level Seminars

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-02-21

    taskř 9 Their work efficiency and ability to learn have never been better. In the developmental schemes of Jean Piaget 60 and William Perry, 61 adults...Bass Publishers 1984) 9-13. 59K. Patricia Cross, Adults As Learners, (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1981) 167. 60Jean Piaget , "Intellectual Evolution

  15. Rules of Engagement for Land Forces: A Matter of Training, Not Lawyering Volume 143

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    structure to fit the new expe- riences that occur. See JOYCE & WEIL, at 107 (summarizing a distinction made in JEAN PIAGET , THE ORIGINS OF...disagreeing with Janu- ary 15, 1993 statement by former United States Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick in the International Herald Tribune that "returning fire

  16. Theory of Endorsements and Reasoning with Uncertainty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-02-01

    reductionistic. An obvious counterexample is the work of Jean Piaget , whose structuralist psychology (or, as he preferred, "genetic epistemology") has much...Journal of Automated Reasoning, volume 1, pages 49-74, 1985. [Boden, 1979] Margaret A. Boden. Jean Piaget . Penguin Books, New York, 1979. [Boose and

  17. Topics in Cognitive Development: Language and Operational Thought. Volume 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Presseisen, Barbara Z.; And Others

    This is the second volume in a series that records the official Symposium Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Society and examines the theoretical, empirical, and applied aspects of Jean Piaget's seminal epistemology. The 12 papers are divided into four areas: language development, formal reasoning, social cognition, and applied research. The topics of…

  18. From theory to practice: caring science according to Watson and Brewer.

    PubMed

    Clarke, Pamela N; Watson, Jean; Brewer, Barbara B

    2009-10-01

    Caring science is presented by Jean Watson and Barbara Brewer through an interview and dialogue format. Jean Watson presents caring science and its philosophy and evolution and the impact of her model on nursing and other disciplines. Barbara Brewer addresses the implementation of the model in a Magnet hospital setting and describes how her leadership facilitated implementation.

  19. The Preparation of Strategic Leaders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    p. 16. 12. Lawrence Kohlberg, The Psychology of Moral Development (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1984). 13. Jean Piaget , "Piaget’s Theory," in...Conference, US Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, Pa., February 1991. 16. Kegan, pp. 8-9. 17. DA Pamphlet 600-80, p. 3. 18. Jean Piaget , The Origins of

  20. Ethical Reasoning: A Comparative Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-02-26

    on the theory 11 of cognitive moral development proposed by Jean Piaget . Piaget theorized that children develop two separate and sequential moralities...Malham W. Wakin, (Boulder: Westview Press, 1988), 138. 22Ibid. 2 3 Jean Piaget , The Moral Judgment of the Child, (Glencoe, Illinois: The Free Press, 1960