Science.gov

Sample records for handling personal information

  1. 77 FR 59581 - Personal Identity Verification, Release and Handling of Restricted Information, Protection of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-28

    ... Personal Identity Verification, Release and Handling of Restricted Information, Protection of the Florida... rule is identified by RIN 2700-AD38, Personal Identity Verification. It was published in the...

  2. Microforms in Information Handling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, B. J. S.

    In an attempt to identify some of the factors which influence the utility of microforms as a medium for information handling, this report first traces some of the landmarks in the evolution of microforms since their invention in 1893. It next provides a factual account of current microform media and formats. The last section of the report contains…

  3. Information Handling is the Problem

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Malin, Jane T.

    2001-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the concerns surrounding the automation of information handling. There are two types of decision support software that supports most Space Station Flight Controllers. one is very simple, and the other is very complex. A middle ground is sought. This is the reason for the Human Centered Autonomous and Assistant Systems Testbed (HCAAST) Project. The aim is to study flight controllers at work, and in the bigger picture, with particular attention to how they handle information and how coordination of multiple teams is performed. The focus of the project is on intelligent assistants to assist in handling information for the flight controllers.

  4. [A guide to good practice for information security in the handling of personal health data by health personnel in ambulatory care facilities].

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Henarejos, Ana; Fernández-Alemán, José Luis; Toval, Ambrosio; Hernández-Hernández, Isabel; Sánchez-García, Ana Belén; Carrillo de Gea, Juan Manuel

    2014-04-01

    The appearance of electronic health records has led to the need to strengthen the security of personal health data in order to ensure privacy. Despite the large number of technical security measures and recommendations that exist to protect the security of health data, there is an increase in violations of the privacy of patients' personal data in healthcare organizations, which is in many cases caused by the mistakes or oversights of healthcare professionals. In this paper, we present a guide to good practice for information security in the handling of personal health data by health personnel, drawn from recommendations, regulations and national and international standards. The material presented in this paper can be used in the security audit of health professionals, or as a part of continuing education programs in ambulatory care facilities.

  5. Personal, Anticipated Information Need

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruce, Harry

    2005-01-01

    Background: The role of personal information collections is a well known feature of personal information management. The World Wide Web has introduced to such collections ideas such as filing Web pages or noting their existence in "Bookmarks" and "Favourites". Argument: It is suggested that personal information collections are…

  6. Electronic Publishing or Electronic Information Handling?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heck, A.

    The current dramatic evolution in information technology is bringing major modifications in the way scientists communicate. The concept of 'electronic publishing' is too restrictive and has often different, sometimes conflicting, interpretations. It is thus giving way to the broader notion of 'electronic information handling' encompassing the diverse types of information, the different media, as well as the various communication methodologies and technologies. New problems and challenges result also from this new information culture, especially on legal, ethical, and educational grounds. The procedures for validating 'published material' and for evaluating scientific activities will have to be adjusted too. 'Fluid' information is becoming a common concept. Electronic publishing cannot be conceived without link to knowledge bases nor without intelligent information retrieval tools.

  7. 21 CFR 1250.35 - Health of persons handling food.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Health of persons handling food. 1250.35 Section 1250.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... SANITATION Food Service Sanitation on Land and Air Conveyances, and Vessels § 1250.35 Health of...

  8. 21 CFR 1250.35 - Health of persons handling food.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Health of persons handling food. 1250.35 Section 1250.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... SANITATION Food Service Sanitation on Land and Air Conveyances, and Vessels § 1250.35 Health of...

  9. 21 CFR 1250.35 - Health of persons handling food.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Health of persons handling food. 1250.35 Section 1250.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE...

  10. 21 CFR 1250.35 - Health of persons handling food.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Health of persons handling food. 1250.35 Section 1250.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE...

  11. 21 CFR 1250.35 - Health of persons handling food.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Health of persons handling food. 1250.35 Section 1250.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE...

  12. Electronic astronomical information handling and flexible publishing.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heck, A.

    The current dramatic evolution in information technology is bringing major modifications in the way scientists work and communicate. The concept of electronic information handling encompasses the diverse types of information, the different media, as well as the various communication methodologies and technologies. It ranges from the very collection of data until the final publication of results and sharing of knowledge. New problems and challenges result also from the new information culture, especially on legal, ethical, and educational grounds. Electronic publishing will have to diverge from an electronic version of contributions on paper and will be part of a more general flexible-publishing policy. The benefits of private publishing are questioned. The procedures for validating published material and for evaluating scientific activities will have to be adjusted too. Provision of electronic refereed information independently from commercial publishers in now feasible. Scientists and scientific institutions have now the possibility to run an efficient information server with validated (refereed) material without the help of a commercial publishers.

  13. 48 CFR 1415.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information. 1415.207 Section 1415.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 1415.207 Handling proposals and information....

  14. 48 CFR 1815.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information. 1815.207 Section 1815.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 1815.207 Handling proposals and information....

  15. The Computer Subroutine in Information Handling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riggs, Donald E.

    Generalized computational subroutines can reduce programing repetitions and wasteful computer storage use. The most useful are those that are flexible enough to handle a wide variety of situations. Subroutines may have details open to change in order to blend into the main program. They may be built into the computer library or supplied by the…

  16. 48 CFR 1215.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information. 1215.207 Section 1215.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 1215.207 Handling proposals and information. (a) Offeror's proposals and information received...

  17. 48 CFR 3015.207-70 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 3015.207-70 Handling proposals and information. (b) Proposals and information may be released outside the Government for evaluation... information. 3015.207-70 Section 3015.207-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF...

  18. 48 CFR 415.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information. 415.207 Section 415.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 415.207 Handling proposals and information. (a) Throughout the source selection process,...

  19. 48 CFR 2815.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information. 2815.207 Section 2815.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Contracting Methods and Contract Types CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 2815.207 Handling proposals and information. Classified proposals and quotations shall be...

  20. 48 CFR 15.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information. 15.207 Section 15.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 15.207 Handling proposals and information. (a) Upon receipt at the location specified in...

  1. 48 CFR 915.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Handling proposals and information. 915.207 Section 915.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals...

  2. 48 CFR 915.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Handling proposals and information. 915.207 Section 915.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals...

  3. 48 CFR 915.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Handling proposals and information. 915.207 Section 915.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals...

  4. 48 CFR 915.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Handling proposals and information. 915.207 Section 915.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals...

  5. 48 CFR 915.207 - Handling proposals and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Handling proposals and information. 915.207 Section 915.207 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals...

  6. Teachers' Information Handling When Grouped with Students by Conceptual Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rathbone, Charles; Harootunian, Berj

    This study examined the effect of grouping teachers and students by conceptual level (CL) upon the teachers' information handling behavior. Twenty secondary school teachers were divided into two groups of 10 HCL and 10 LCL teachers according to their scores of the Paragraph Completion Test. Forty pairs of sixth graders were formed, each pair…

  7. Handling stress does not reflect personality in female zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata).

    PubMed

    David, Morgan; Auclair, Yannick; Dechaume-Moncharmont, François-Xavier; Cézilly, Frank

    2012-02-01

    Although increasing attention is given to both the causes and consequences of variation in animal personality, the measurement of personality in captive or free-ranging individuals remains an issue. In particular, one important question concerns whether personality should be established from the existence of complex behavioral syndromes (a suite of correlated behavioral traits) or could be more easily deduced from a single variable. In that context, it has recently been suggested that handling stress, measured through breathing rate during handling, could be a good descriptor of personality, at least in passerine birds. The authors experimentally investigated to what extent handling stress was correlated with personality in female zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata), as assessed from a suite of repeatable behavioral traits, including activity, exploratory behavior, neophobia, and reaction to startle. Although breathing rate was repeatable across individuals, it was not related to any behavioral trait, suggesting that it cannot be used to quickly predict personality, at least in zebra finches. Breathing rate during handling, in addition, was related to morphology, questioning the fact that breathing rate during handling reflects personality irrespective of individual state. The authors suggest that inference on global personality from a reduced number of traits should be performed with caution.

  8. Effects of carrying methods and box handles on two-person team carrying capacity for females.

    PubMed

    Wu, Swei-Pi; Chang, Shu-Yu

    2010-07-01

    This study used a psychophysical approach to examine the effects of carrying methods and the presence or absence of box handles on the maximum acceptable weight carried and resulting responses (heart rate and rating of perceived exertion) in a two-person carrying task. After training, 16 female subjects performed a two-person carrying task at knuckle height for an 8-h work period. Each subject performed 4 different carrying combinations two times. The independent variables were carrying methods (parallel and tandem walking) and box handles (with and without handles). For comparison with two-person carrying, the subjects also performed one-person carrying. The results showed that the maximum acceptable weight carried (MAWC), heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were significantly affected by the presence of box handles. However, the subjects' MAWC, HR, and RPE values were not significantly influenced by the carrying methods. The test-retest reliability of the psychophysical approach was 0.945. The carrying efficiency of two-person carrying was 96.2% of the one-person carrying method. In general, the use of box with handles allows the subjects to carry a higher MAWC (with lower HR and RPE) compared to carrying boxes without handles.

  9. 21 CFR 1.406 - How will FDA handle classified information in an informal hearing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How will FDA handle classified information in an... Animal Consumption What Is the Appeal Process for A Detention Order? § 1.406 How will FDA handle... disclosure in the interest of national security (“classified information”), FDA will not provide you...

  10. Shedding light on the relative DNA contribution of two persons handling the same object.

    PubMed

    Oldoni, F; Castella, V; Hall, D

    2016-09-01

    Traces collected on crime scene objects frequently result in challenging DNA mixtures from several contributors in different DNA proportions. Understanding how the relative proportion of DNA deposited by different persons who handled the same object evolves through time has important bearings. For instance, this information may help determine whether the major contributor in a mixed DNA profile is more likely to correspond to the object owner or to the person who may have stolen this object. In this perspective, a simulation-based protocol was designed where randomly paired participants were asked to act either as first (object owner) or second (last) users. The first user was asked to handle/wear 9 different plastic-, metal-, nitrile- and fabric-made objects, commonly found at burglary/robbery crime scenes, for a minimum of 20min during 8 or 10 consecutive days. The second user subsequently used them for 5, 30 or 120min in three distinct simulation sessions. The analysis of the relative DNA contribution on the resulting 234 mock DNA traces revealed a large variability in the contribution depending on the time, substrate and pairs of participants. Despite this, a progressive increase of the second user's DNA contribution, relative to the first user, was observed over time in 93% of the traces. The second user was shown to become the major contributor in approximately 15%, 33% and 55% of the traces recovered from objects used for 5, 30 and 120min, respectively. Single-source DNA profiles were shown to represent only 1% of the traces. In addition, the DNA profiles of 165 out of 234 (71%) simulated traces displayed extra alleles. Most of these occurred in the minor fraction of mixed DNA profiles and were interpreted as artefacts. Nevertheless, DNA profiles of known participants either involved or not in the simulations were observed in 9 cases (4%). This confirms that indirect DNA transfer should be taken into account when interpreting "touch" DNA evidence.

  11. 7 CFR 1.12 - Handling information from a private business.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... is not exempt by law from disclosure). Afford business information submitter reasonable time in which... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Handling information from a private business. 1.12... Records § 1.12 Handling information from a private business. Each USDA agency is responsible for...

  12. 7 CFR 1.12 - Handling information from a private business.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Handling information from a private business. 1.12 Section 1.12 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Official Records § 1.12 Handling information from a private business. Each USDA agency is responsible for...

  13. How Do Students Organize Personal Information Spaces?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardof-Jaffe, Sharon; Hershkovitz, Arnon; Abu-Kishk, Hama; Bergman, Ofer; Nachmias, Rafi

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to empirically reveal strategies of students' organization of learning-related digital materials within an online personal information archive. Research population included 518 students who utilized the personal Web space allocated to them on the university servers for archiving information items, and data describing…

  14. Handling Vagueness, Subjectivity, and Imprecision in Information Access: An Introduction to the Special Issue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crestani, Fabio; Pasi, Gabriella

    2003-01-01

    This special issues comprises nine papers presenting a wide selection of approaches to handling subjectivity, vagueness, and imprecision in information retrieval (IR) and database management necessary for success in designing, developing and implementing effective tools for information access. (LRW)

  15. 75 FR 9860 - Release, Handling, and Protection of Restricted Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-04

    ... use or disclosure. (d) If the contractor will be operating an information technology system for NASA..., Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources, which requires the implementation of an Information Technology Security Plan to protect information processed, stored, or...

  16. Managing Personal and Group Collections of Information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolfe, Shawn R.; Wragg, Stephen D.; Chen, James R.; Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor)

    1999-01-01

    The internet revolution has dramatically increased the amount of information available to users. Various tools such as search engines have been developed to help users find the information they need from this vast repository. Users often also need tools to help manipulate the growing amount of useful information they have discovered. Current tools available for this purpose are typically local components of web browsers designed to manage URL bookmarks. They provide limited functionalities to handle high information complexities. To tackle this have created DIAMS, an agent-based tool to help users or groups manage their information collections and share their collections with other. the main features of DIAMS are described here.

  17. Adaptive Visualization for Focused Personalized Information Retrieval

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahn, Jae-wook

    2010-01-01

    The new trend on the Web has totally changed today's information access environment. The traditional information overload problem has evolved into the qualitative level beyond the quantitative growth. The mode of producing and consuming information is changing and we need a new paradigm for accessing information. Personalized search is one of…

  18. Information jet: Handling noisy big data from weakly disconnected network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aurongzeb, Deeder

    Sudden aggregation (information jet) of large amount of data is ubiquitous around connected social networks, driven by sudden interacting and non-interacting events, network security threat attacks, online sales channel etc. Clustering of information jet based on time series analysis and graph theory is not new but little work is done to connect them with particle jet statistics. We show pre-clustering based on context can element soft network or network of information which is critical to minimize time to calculate results from noisy big data. We show difference between, stochastic gradient boosting and time series-graph clustering. For disconnected higher dimensional information jet, we use Kallenberg representation theorem (Kallenberg, 2005, arXiv:1401.1137) to identify and eliminate jet similarities from dense or sparse graph.

  19. Protecting Your Child's Personal Information at School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Trade Commission, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Back to school--an annual ritual that includes buying new notebooks, packing lunches, coordinating transportation, and filling out forms: registration forms, health forms, permission slips, and emergency contact forms, to name a few. Many school forms require personal and, sometimes, sensitive information. In the wrong hands, this information can…

  20. Protecting Personal Information on Social Networking Sites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallant, David T.

    2011-01-01

    Almost everyone uses social networking sites like Facebook, MySpace, and LinkedIn. Since Facebook is the most popular site in the history of the Internet, this article will focus on how one can protect his/her personal information and how that extends to protecting the private information of others.

  1. The Intranet: A New Concept for Corporate Information Handling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbera, Jose

    The World Wide Web model has evolved within companies from a repository for notice boards to a new tool that can improve work productivity. Intranets, the internal or corporate internets, are likely to be the key information technology revolution for the remainder of this century. The intranet concept is derived from the present Internet as a…

  2. Divulging Personal Information within Learning Analytics Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ifenthaler, Dirk; Schumacher, Clara

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if students are prepared to release any personal data in order to inform learning analytics systems. Besides the well-documented benefits of learning analytics, serious concerns and challenges are associated with the application of these data driven systems. Most notably, empirical evidence regarding…

  3. 32 CFR 806b.10 - How to collect personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How to collect personal information. 806b.10... ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Collecting Personal Information § 806b.10 How to collect personal information. Collect personal information directly from the subject of the record whenever possible. Only ask...

  4. Handling Missing Data With Multilevel Structural Equation Modeling and Full Information Maximum Likelihood Techniques.

    PubMed

    Schminkey, Donna L; von Oertzen, Timo; Bullock, Linda

    2016-08-01

    With increasing access to population-based data and electronic health records for secondary analysis, missing data are common. In the social and behavioral sciences, missing data frequently are handled with multiple imputation methods or full information maximum likelihood (FIML) techniques, but healthcare researchers have not embraced these methodologies to the same extent and more often use either traditional imputation techniques or complete case analysis, which can compromise power and introduce unintended bias. This article is a review of options for handling missing data, concluding with a case study demonstrating the utility of multilevel structural equation modeling using full information maximum likelihood (MSEM with FIML) to handle large amounts of missing data. MSEM with FIML is a parsimonious and hypothesis-driven strategy to cope with large amounts of missing data without compromising power or introducing bias. This technique is relevant for nurse researchers faced with ever-increasing amounts of electronic data and decreasing research budgets. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. 75 FR 71355 - Collection of Information Requirement Related to Procedures for the Handling of Retaliation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1983 RIN 1218-AC47 Collection of Information Requirement Related to Procedures for the Handling of Retaliation Complaints Under Section 219 of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

  6. Individual Information-Centered Approach for Handling Physical Activity Missing Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Minsoo; Rowe, David A.; Barreira, Tiago V.; Robinson, Terrance S.; Mahar, Matthew T.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to validate individual information (II)-centered methods for handling missing data, using data samples of 118 middle-aged adults and 91 older adults equipped with Yamax SW-200 pedometers and Actigraph accelerometers for 7 days. We used a semisimulation approach to create six data sets: three physical activity outcome…

  7. 10 CFR 1004.11 - Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization. 1004.11 Section 1004.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION § 1004.11 Handling information of a private business, foreign...

  8. Drinking from a Fire Hose: A Study of Information Interactions in the Personal Offices of Members of Congress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weissmann, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    Although much as been written about information technologies and politics, less is known about how information is handled in congressional personal offices. What happens when a constituent sends an email to their Congressman? How does a Senator get information about the pros and cons of a proposed bill? A study was conducted to understand the…

  9. Blocking of Person Information in Small Social Groupings: The Information of Person Categories.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-20

    capacity for processing information. Psychological Review , 1956, 63, 81-97. Miller, G. A., Galanter, E., & Pribram, Plans and the structure of behavior. New... Alderfer Yale University School of Organization and Management New Haven, Connecticut 06520 Dr. Janet L. Barnes-Farrell Department of Psychology ...I’D-Ali37 282 BLOCKING OF PERSON INFORMATION IN SMALL SOCIAL i/i GROUPINGS: THE INFORMATION..(U) OHIO STATE5UNIV COLUMBUS DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY C D

  10. Handling information and knowledge in the FORUM hypermedia authoring system: application to uterine magnetic resonance imaging.

    PubMed

    Soula, G; Moulin, G; Delquie, P; Bartoli, J M; Fieschi, M; Kasbarian, M

    1995-01-01

    Hypertext and hypermedia are used to access loosely structured information. The lack of conceptual model for hypertext application makes it difficult to represent the mental model of the author. Users are often lost in the information and the objective of the author is not achieved. In this paper, we describe an approach to handle information and knowledge in the FORUM hypermedia authoring system. It allows the author to create and maintain the hypertext more easily and facilitates the navigation of the reader. An application for learning uterine magnetic resonance imaging is also presented.

  11. Electronic publishing and information handling: Plenty of roses, but also some thorns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heck, André

    The current dramatic evolution in information technology is bringing major modifications in the way scientists communicate. The concept of 'electronic publishing' is too restrictive and has often different, sometimes conflicting, interpretations. It is giving way to the broader notion of 'electronic information handling' encompassing the diverse types of information, the different media, as well as the various communication methodologies and technologies. New problems and challenges result also from this new information culture, especially on legal, ethical, and educational grounds. The procedures for validating 'published material' and for evaluating scientific activities will have to be adjusted too. 'Fluid' information is becoming an omnipresent reality. Electronic publishing cannot be conceived without link to knowledge bases and information resources, nor without intelligent information retrieval tools.

  12. EPA Plan for Reducing Personally Identifiable Information, January 2013

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The EPA Privacy Policy, issued in 2007, establishes the framework and accountability for reducing Agency personally identifiable information (PII). Learn about the Agency's plan to reduce the collection of Personally Identifiable Information (PII).

  13. Stress response to handling is short lived but may reflect personalities in a wild, Critically Endangered tortoise species

    PubMed Central

    Louis, Edward E.; Crocker, Daniel E.

    2017-01-01

    Abstract We investigated the acute stress response associated with animal personalities by measuring plasma glucocorticoids throughout handling and collected ~2 years of movement and behavioural data in a wild, Critically Endangered animal, Astrochelys radiata (radiated tortoise). To determine whether our standard, brief conscientious handling procedures induce a stress response in our target species, we applied a stressor by way of initial animal processing and deployment of telemetry equipment. During surveys and processing, we sampled animals immediately upon detection, again after completing transmitter attachment and processing, and a final time the following day. We then used radiotelemetry to follow a subset of the animals for 22 months while collecting behavioural, climatic and location data. We found that brief and conscientious handling did not illicit consistent changes in plasma concentrations of the stress hormone corticosterone (CORT) but did reveal tremendous individual variation in response. The CORT concentration ranged more than 200-fold after imposing the stressor and returned to near-baseline values by the following day. When we accounted for the wide variation by calculating the degree of each individual's stress response relative to its baseline over its processing time, we discovered two non-overlapping physiological response types; those in which CORT concentrations increased dramatically in response to handling (219 ± 89.8 pg/ml/min) and those in which CORT varied only slightly (5.3 ± 8.9 pg/ml/min). The response types (strong vs. mild) also predicted body condition, home range size, activity, and behavioural tendencies. The degree of the individual's stress response in this species may be one component of correlated physiological and behavioural traits (animal personalities), which have previously been obscured in other chelonian studies by the use of mean values and should be considered in future conservation management applications

  14. Hiding personal information reveals the worst

    PubMed Central

    John, Leslie K.; Barasz, Kate; Norton, Michael I.

    2016-01-01

    Seven experiments explore people’s decisions to share or withhold personal information, and the wisdom of such decisions. When people choose not to reveal information—to be “hiders”—they are judged negatively by others (experiment 1). These negative judgments emerge when hiding is volitional (experiments 2A and 2B) and are driven by decreases in trustworthiness engendered by decisions to hide (experiments 3A and 3B). Moreover, hiders do not intuit these negative consequences: given the choice to withhold or reveal unsavory information, people often choose to withhold, but observers rate those who reveal even questionable behavior more positively (experiments 4A and 4B). The negative impact of hiding holds whether opting not to disclose unflattering (drug use, poor grades, and sexually transmitted diseases) or flattering (blood donations) information, and across decisions ranging from whom to date to whom to hire. When faced with decisions about disclosure, decision-makers should be aware not just of the risk of revealing, but of what hiding reveals. PMID:26755591

  15. Citizenship as practice: Handling communication problems in encounters between persons with dementia and social workers.

    PubMed

    Jh, Österholm; L-C, Hydén

    2016-11-01

    The overall aim of the study was to investigate if and how persons with dementia were able to take part in negotiations for formal support, as cases of citizenship as practice The transcripts used for analysis were from 11 assessment meetings conducted in Sweden, in which the formal applicant was a person with dementia. The findings suggest that the actual participation of persons with dementia in assessment meetings varies. Communication problems were found in the meetings to different degrees and were dealt with differently and with various consequences. For those persons with dementia contributing at the same levels as the other participants, there was an attempt at mutual understanding. For those making fewer contributions, the other interlocutors took over the initiative and thus affected the practice of citizenship by persons with dementia in a negative way. The practice of citizenship is situation based and varies depending on all participants. When the person with dementia is able to participate in the conversation, social workers can facilitate for them to overcome communication problems by giving them more time and signaling acceptance. If the person with dementia has great problems in participating, the other participants can find different strategies to at least involve her or him in the conversation.

  16. The State of the Art in Information Handling. Operation PEP/Executive Information Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summers, J. K.; Sullivan, J. E.

    This document explains recent developments in computer science and information systems of interest to the educational manager. A brief history of computers is included, together with an examination of modern computers' capabilities. Various features of card, tape, and disk information storage systems are presented. The importance of time-sharing…

  17. Real-time scale-adaptive correlation filters tracker with depth information to handle occlusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pi, Jiatian; Gu, Yuzhang; Hu, Keli; Cheng, Xiaoliu; Zhan, Yunlong; Wang, Yingguan

    2016-07-01

    In visual object tracking, occlusions significantly undermine the performance of tracking algorithms. RGB-D cameras, such as Microsoft Kinect or the related PrimeSense camera, are widely available to consumers. Great attention has been focused on exploiting depth information for object tracking in recent years. We propose an algorithm that improves the existing correlation filter-based tracker for scale-adaptive tracking. Moreover, we utilize depth information provided by the Kinect camera to handle various types of occlusions. First, the optimal location of the target is obtained by the conventional kernelized correlation filter tracker. Then, we make use of the discriminative correlation filter for scale estimation as an independent part. At last, to further improve the tracking performance under occlusions, we present a simple yet effective occlusion handling mechanism to detect occlusion and recovery. In this mechanism, cluster analysis and object segmentation by K-means method have been applied to depth data. Numerous experiments on Princeton RGB-D tracking dataset demonstrate that the proposed algorithm outperforms several state-of-the-art trackers by successfully dealing with occlusions.

  18. Scalable and Resilient Middleware to Handle Information Exchange during Environment Crisis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, R.; Poslad, S.; Moßgraber, J.; Middleton, S.; Hammitzsch, M.

    2012-04-01

    The EU FP7 TRIDEC project focuses on enabling real-time, intelligent, information management of collaborative, complex, critical decision processes for earth management. A key challenge is to promote a communication infrastructure to facilitate interoperable environment information services during environment events and crises such as tsunamis and drilling, during which increasing volumes and dimensionality of disparate information sources, including sensor-based and human-based ones, can result, and need to be managed. Such a system needs to support: scalable, distributed messaging; asynchronous messaging; open messaging to handling changing clients such as new and retired automated system and human information sources becoming online or offline; flexible data filtering, and heterogeneous access networks (e.g., GSM, WLAN and LAN). In addition, the system needs to be resilient to handle the ICT system failures, e.g. failure, degradation and overloads, during environment events. There are several system middleware choices for TRIDEC based upon a Service-oriented-architecture (SOA), Event-driven-Architecture (EDA), Cloud Computing, and Enterprise Service Bus (ESB). In an SOA, everything is a service (e.g. data access, processing and exchange); clients can request on demand or subscribe to services registered by providers; more often interaction is synchronous. In an EDA system, events that represent significant changes in state can be processed simply, or as streams or more complexly. Cloud computing is a virtualization, interoperable and elastic resource allocation model. An ESB, a fundamental component for enterprise messaging, supports synchronous and asynchronous message exchange models and has inbuilt resilience against ICT failure. Our middleware proposal is an ESB based hybrid architecture model: an SOA extension supports more synchronous workflows; EDA assists the ESB to handle more complex event processing; Cloud computing can be used to increase and

  19. Monitoring personal, indoor, and outdoor exposures to metals in airborne particulate matter: Risk of contamination during sampling, handling and analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasmussen, Pat E.; Wheeler, Amanda J.; Hassan, Nouri M.; Filiatreault, Alain; Lanouette, Monique

    Rigorous sampling and quality assurance protocols are required for the reliable measurement of personal, indoor and outdoor exposures to metals in fine particulate matter (PM 2.5). Testing of five co-located replicate air samplers assisted in identifying and quantifying sources of contamination of filters in the laboratory and in the field. A field pilot study was conducted in Windsor, Ont., Canada to ascertain the actual range of metal content that may be obtained on filter samples using low-flow (4 L min -1) 24-h monitoring of personal, indoor and outdoor air. Laboratory filter blanks and NIST certified reference materials were used to assess contamination, instrument performance, accuracy and precision of the metals determination. The results show that there is a high risk of introducing metal contamination during all stages of sampling, handling and analysis, and that sources and magnitude of contamination vary widely from element to element. Due to the very small particle masses collected on low-flow 24-h filter samples (median 0.107 mg for a sample volume of approximately 6 m 3) the contribution of metals from contamination commonly exceeds the content of the airborne particles being sampled. Thus, the use of field blanks to ascertain the magnitude and variability of contamination is critical to determine whether or not a given element should be reported. The results of this study were incorporated into standard operating procedures for a large multiyear personal, indoor and outdoor air monitoring campaign in Windsor.

  20. Influences of Information Availability on Cognitive Processes in Person Perception.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lingle, John H.; Ostrom, Thomas M.

    Three experiments were conducted investigating information processing in a person perception task. A sequential judgement paradigm was employed in which subjects judged the suitability of stimulus persons for two different occupations. Traits describing each person were present for subjects' first judgements but not their second. Second decision…

  1. A Globally Distributed System for Job, Data, and Information Handling for High Energy Physics

    SciTech Connect

    Garzoglio, Gabriele

    2006-01-13

    The computing infrastructures of the modern high energy physics experiments need to address an unprecedented set of requirements. The collaborations consist of hundreds of members from dozens of institutions around the world and the computing power necessary to analyze the data produced surpasses already the capabilities of any single computing center. A software infrastructure capable of seamlessly integrating dozens of computing centers around the world, enabling computing for a large and dynamical group of users, is of fundamental importance for the production of scientific results. Such a computing infrastructure is called a computational grid. The SAM-Grid offers a solution to these problems for CDF and DZero, two of the largest high energy physics experiments in the world, running at Fermilab. The SAM-Grid integrates standard grid middleware, such as Condor-G and the Globus Toolkit, with software developed at Fermilab, organizing the system in three major components: data handling, job handling, and information management. This dissertation presents the challenges and the solutions provided in such a computing infrastructure.

  2. 32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS ARMY PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM § 505.5 Individual access to personal information... individuals under this section is not considered a “public release” of information. (c) Verification...

  3. 32 CFR 505.4 - Collecting personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS ARMY PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM § 505.4 Collecting personal information. (a) General... information on public Web sites without the express permission of the user. Requests for exceptions must...

  4. Continuum Thinking and the Contexts of Personal Information Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huvila, Isto; Eriksen, Jon; Häusner, Eva-Maria; Jansson, Ina-Maria

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Recent personal information management literature has underlined the significance of the contextuality of personal information and its use. The present article discusses the applicability of the records continuum model and its generalisation, continuum thinking, as a theoretical framework for explicating the overlap and evolution of…

  5. Are Norms of Disclosure of Online and Offline Personal Information Associated with the Disclosure of Personal Information Online?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mesch, Gustavo S.; Beker, Guy

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated whether norms of self-disclosure of one's online and offline identity are linked to online disclosure of personal and intimate information. We expected online disclosure of personal and intimate information to be associated with norms of online disclosure. Secondary analysis of the 2006 Pew and American Life Survey of…

  6. The Personalized Information Retrieval Model Based on User Interest

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gong, Songjie

    Personalized information retrieval systems can help customers to gain orientation in information overload by determining which items are relevant for their interests. One type of information retrieval is content-based filtering. In content-based filtering, items contain words in natural language. Meanings of words in natural language are often ambiguous. The problem of word meaning disambiguation is often decomposed to determining semantic similarity of words. In this paper, the architecture of personalized information retrieval based on user interest is presented. The architecture includes user interface model, user interest model, detecting interest model and update model. It established a user model for personalized information retrieval based on user interest keyword list on client server, which can supply personalized information retrieval service for user with the communications and collaboration of all modules of the architecture.

  7. Trust-based information system architecture for personal wellness.

    PubMed

    Ruotsalainen, Pekka; Nykänen, Pirkko; Seppälä, Antto; Blobel, Bernd

    2014-01-01

    Modern eHealth, ubiquitous health and personal wellness systems take place in an unsecure and ubiquitous information space where no predefined trust occurs. This paper presents novel information model and an architecture for trust based privacy management of personal health and wellness information in ubiquitous environment. The architecture enables a person to calculate a dynamic and context-aware trust value for each service provider, and using it to design personal privacy policies for trustworthy use of health and wellness services. For trust calculation a novel set of measurable context-aware and health information-sensitive attributes is developed. The architecture enables a person to manage his or her privacy in ubiquitous environment by formulating context-aware and service provider specific policies. Focus groups and information modelling was used for developing a wellness information model. System analysis method based on sequential steps that enable to combine results of analysis of privacy and trust concerns and the selection of trust and privacy services was used for development of the information system architecture. Its services (e.g. trust calculation, decision support, policy management and policy binding services) and developed attributes enable a person to define situation-aware policies that regulate the way his or her wellness and health information is processed.

  8. Are Informant Reports of Personality More Internally Consistent Than Self Reports of Personality?

    PubMed

    Balsis, Steve; Cooper, Luke D; Oltmanns, Thomas F

    2015-08-01

    The present study examined whether informant-reported personality was more or less internally consistent than self-reported personality in an epidemiological community sample (n = 1,449). Results indicated that across the 5 NEO (Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness) personality factors and the 10 personality disorder trait dimensions, informant reports tended to be more internally consistent than self reports, as indicated by equal or higher Cronbach's alpha scores and higher average interitem correlations. In addition, the informant reports collectively outperformed the self reports for predicting responses on a global measure of health, indicating that the informant reports are not only more reliable than self reports, but they can also be useful in predicting an external criterion. Collectively these findings indicate that informant reports tend to have greater internal consistency than self reports.

  9. 78 FR 53478 - Proposed Information Collection; United States Park Police Personal History Statement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-29

    ... National Park Service Proposed Information Collection; United States Park Police Personal History Statement... Police Personal History Statement) to collect detailed personal history information from applicants... information, including financial data and residence history. Selective Service information and military...

  10. RFID Based Context Information Security System Architecture for Securing Personal Information under Ubiquitous Environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Jae-Gu; Park, Gil-Cheol; Kim, Seoksoo

    2007-12-01

    In this study, framework for securing personal information among various contexts collected and utilized under ubiquitous environment is proposed. The proposed framework will analyze relativity among information used to determine the exposure of personal information according to circumstances where personal information is used. In addition, the study will define the definition of role-based structure and propose a structure applying password security system according to access level. Furthermore, the study will propose a method for building information security system using RFID tag information which generates context information.

  11. Report on the handling of safety information concerning flammable gases and ferrocyanide at the Hanford waste tanks

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-07-01

    This report discusses concerns safety issues, and management at Hanford Tank Farm. Concerns center on the issue of flammable gas generation which could ignite, and on possible exothermic reactions of ferrocyanide compounds which were added to single shell tanks in the 1950's. It is believed that information concerning these issues has been mis-handled and the problems poorly managed. (CBS)

  12. A security system for personal genome information at DNA level.

    PubMed

    Kawazoe, Yumi; Shiba, Toshikazu; Yamamoto, Masahito; Ohuchi, Azuma

    2002-01-01

    The personal information encoded in genomic DNA should not be made available to the public. With the increasing discoveries of new genes, it has become necessary to establish a security system for personal genome information. Although many security systems that are applied for electrical information in computers have been developed and established, there is no security system for information at DNA level. In this paper, we describe a new security system for information encoded within DNA. The original genomic DNA was mixed with many kinds of dummy DNAs (mixtures of natural and/or artificial DNAs) resulting in the masking of the original information. Using these dummy molecules, we succeeded to completely 'lock'the original genome information. If this information must be 'unlocked', it can be extracted and analyzed by a removal of dummy DNAs using molecular tagging techniques or by selective amplification using key primers.

  13. Implementing personalized medicine with asymmetric information on prevalence rates.

    PubMed

    Antoñanzas, Fernando; Juárez-Castelló, Carmelo A; Rodríguez-Ibeas, Roberto

    2016-12-01

    Although personalized medicine is becoming the new paradigm to manage some diseases, the economics of personalized medicine have only focused on assessing the efficiency of specific treatments, lacking a theoretical framework analyzing the interactions between pharmaceutical firms and healthcare systems leading to the implementation of personalized treatments. We model the interaction between the hospitals and the manufacturer of a new treatment as an adverse selection problem where the firm does not have perfect information on the prevalence across hospitals of the genetic characteristics of the patients making them eligible to receive a new treatment. As a result of the model, hospitals with high prevalence rates benefit from the information asymmetry only when the standard treatment is inefficient when applied to the patients eligible to receive the new treatment. Otherwise, information asymmetry has no value. Personalized medicine may be fully or partially implemented depending on the proportion of high prevalence hospitals.

  14. Personal Genomic Information Management and Personalized Medicine: Challenges, Current Solutions, and Roles of HIM Professionals

    PubMed Central

    Alzu'bi, Amal; Zhou, Leming; Watzlaf, Valerie

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the term personalized medicine has received more and more attention in the field of healthcare. The increasing use of this term is closely related to the astonishing advancement in DNA sequencing technologies and other high-throughput biotechnologies. A large amount of personal genomic data can be generated by these technologies in a short time. Consequently, the needs for managing, analyzing, and interpreting these personal genomic data to facilitate personalized care are escalated. In this article, we discuss the challenges for implementing genomics-based personalized medicine in healthcare, current solutions to these challenges, and the roles of health information management (HIM) professionals in genomics-based personalized medicine. PMID:24808804

  15. Personality and information gathering in free-ranging great tits.

    PubMed

    van Overveld, Thijs; Matthysen, Erik

    2013-01-01

    One aspect of animal personality that has been well described in captivity, but received only little attention in studies in the wild, is that personality types may vary in their behavioural flexibility towards environmental changes. A fundamental factor underlying such differences is believed to be the degree to which individual behavior is guided by environmental stimuli. We tested this hypothesis in the wild using free-ranging great tits. Personality variation was quantified using exploratory behaviour in a novel environment, which has previously been shown to be repeatable and correlated with other behaviours in this and other populations of the same species. By temporarily removing food at feeding stations we examined whether birds with different personality differed in returning to visit empty feeders as this may provide information on how birds continue to sample their environment after a sudden change in conditions. In two summer experiments, we found that fast-exploring juveniles visited empty feeders less often compared to slow-exploring juveniles. In winter, sampling behaviour was sex dependent but not related to personality. In both seasons, we found that birds who sampled empty feeders more often were more likely to rediscover food after we again re-baited the feeding stations, but there was no effect of personality. Our results show that personality types may indeed differ in ways of collecting environmental information, which is consistent with the view of personalities as different styles of coping with environmental changes. The adaptive value of these alternative behavioural tactics, however, needs to be further explored.

  16. A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

    2014-01-01

    The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

  17. The User-Subjective Approach to Personal Information Management Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergman, Ofer; Beyth-Marom, Ruth; Nachmias, Rafi

    2003-01-01

    Explains personal information management (PIM) systems and suggests a user-subjective approach to PIM system design. Advocates that PIM systems relate to the subjective value-added attributes that the user gives the stored data so that the user can find information again, recall it when needed, and use it effectively in the next interaction.…

  18. Information Centers for Newly Blind Persons in Israel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickstein, N.; Gozovsky, M.

    1994-01-01

    This article describes the development and implementation of an innovative program of information centers in Israel that is designed to identify newly blind persons and to give them first-hand information about available services, as well as to stimulate an awareness of rehabilitation services among medical personnel. (Author/DB)

  19. Ubiquitous Data Management in a Personal Information Environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohammad, Atif Farid

    This paper presents a novel research work on Personal Information Environment (PIE), which is a relatively new field to get explored. PIE is a self managing pervasive environment. It contains an individual's personal pervasive information associated within user's related or non-related contextual environments. Contexts are vitally important because they control, influence and affect everything within them by dominating its pervasive content(s). This paper shows in depth the achievement of Personal Information Environment, which deals with a user's devices, which are to be spontaneous, readily self-manageable on autonomic basis. This paper shows an actual implementation of pervasive data management of a PIE-user, which contains append and update of PIE's data from the last device used by the user to another PIE devices for further processing and storage needs. Data recharging is utilized to transmit and receive data among PIE devices.

  20. 28 CFR 906.2 - Third party handling of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... COMPACT COUNCIL OUTSOURCING OF NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS § 906.2 Third party handling... reference a security and management control outsourcing standard approved by the Compact Council after consultation with the United States Attorney General. The security and management control outsourcing...

  1. 28 CFR 906.2 - Third party handling of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... COMPACT COUNCIL OUTSOURCING OF NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS § 906.2 Third party handling... reference a security and management control outsourcing standard approved by the Compact Council after consultation with the United States Attorney General. The security and management control outsourcing...

  2. 28 CFR 906.2 - Third party handling of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... COMPACT COUNCIL OUTSOURCING OF NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS § 906.2 Third party handling... reference a security and management control outsourcing standard approved by the Compact Council after consultation with the United States Attorney General. The security and management control outsourcing...

  3. 28 CFR 906.2 - Third party handling of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... COMPACT COUNCIL OUTSOURCING OF NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS § 906.2 Third party handling... reference a security and management control outsourcing standard approved by the Compact Council after consultation with the United States Attorney General. The security and management control outsourcing...

  4. 28 CFR 906.2 - Third party handling of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... COMPACT COUNCIL OUTSOURCING OF NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS § 906.2 Third party handling... reference a security and management control outsourcing standard approved by the Compact Council after consultation with the United States Attorney General. The security and management control outsourcing...

  5. 32 CFR 505.4 - Collecting personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS ARMY PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM § 505.4 Collecting personal information. (a) General..., the Privacy Act Statement is not required if the individual is only requested to furnish or verify the... a Privacy Act system of records. (4) When asking an individual for his or her SSN or other...

  6. 32 CFR 327.6 - Collecting personal information

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) PRIVACY PROGRAM DEFENSE COMMISSARY AGENCY PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM § 327.6 Collecting personal information (a... identification purposes in connection with the normal use of his or her records. (d) Privacy act statements. When... inclusion in a system of records, a Privacy Act Statement is required regardless of the medium used...

  7. 32 CFR 327.6 - Collecting personal information

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) PRIVACY PROGRAM DEFENSE COMMISSARY AGENCY PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM § 327.6 Collecting personal information (a... identification purposes in connection with the normal use of his or her records. (d) Privacy act statements. When... inclusion in a system of records, a Privacy Act Statement is required regardless of the medium used...

  8. 32 CFR 505.4 - Collecting personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS ARMY PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM § 505.4 Collecting personal information. (a) General..., the Privacy Act Statement is not required if the individual is only requested to furnish or verify the... a Privacy Act system of records. (4) When asking an individual for his or her SSN or other...

  9. Cognitive, personality, and social factors associated with adolescents' online personal information disclosure.

    PubMed

    Liu, Cong; Ang, Rebecca P; Lwin, May O

    2013-08-01

    The current study aims to understand the factors that influence adolescents' disclosure of personally identifiable information (PII) on social networking sites (SNSs). A survey was conducted among 780 adolescent participants (between 13 and 18) who were Facebook users. Structural equation modeling was used for analyzing the data and obtaining an overarching model that include cognitive, personality, and social factors that influence adolescents' PII disclosure. Results showed privacy concern as the cognitive factor reduces adolescents' PII disclosure and it serves as a potential mediator for personality and social factors. Amongst personality factors, narcissism was found to directly increase PII disclosure, and social anxiety indirectly decreases PII disclosure by increasing privacy concern. Amongst social factors, active parental mediation decreases PII disclosure directly and indirectly by increasing privacy concern. Restrictive parental mediation decreases PII disclosure only indirectly by increasing privacy concern. Implications of the findings to parents, educators, and policy makers were discussed.

  10. Exploring Healthcare Consumer Acceptance of Personal Health Information Management Technology through Personal Health Record Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Huijuan

    2013-01-01

    Healthcare technologies are evolving from a practitioner-centric model to a patient-centric model due to the increasing need for technology that directly serves healthcare consumers, including healthy people and patients. Personal health information management (PHIM) technology is one of the technologies designed to enhance an individual's ability…

  11. Sharing sensitive personal health information through Facebook: the unintended consequences.

    PubMed

    Househ, Mowafa

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to explore the types of sensitive health information posted by individuals through social network media sites such as Facebook. The researcher found several instances in which individuals, who could be identified by their user profiles, posted personal and sensitive health information related to mental and genetic disorders and sexually transmitted diseases. The data suggest that Facebook users should be made aware of the potential harm that may occur when sharing sensitive health information publicly through Facebook. Ethical considerations in undertaking such research are also examined.

  12. Procedure to Respond and Handle Personally Identifiable Information Incidents at EPA

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This procedure seeks to assist Environmental Protection Agency Officials in conducting their duties in the event of a PII incident by providing practical guidance on responding to incidents effectively and efficiently via the use of a incident taxonomy.

  13. Analysis and Modeling of Information Handling Tasks in Supervisory Control of Advanced Aircraft.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-05-01

    Information Management Multi-task Supervision Decision Making Information Seeking Supervisory Control Human-Computer Interactior Information Value...Specific objectives of the three-year program included the following: (1) Formulate a working taxonomy of supervisory control func- tions in advanced...for field application of the information evaluation and management programs in operational airborne systems. The initial year’s work established

  14. The role of genetic information in personalized medicine.

    PubMed

    Gamma, Alex

    2013-01-01

    Personalized medicine is the latest promise of a gene-centered biomedicine to provide treatments custom-tailored to the specific needs of patients. Although surrounded by much hype, personalized medicine at present lacks the empirical and theoretical foundations necessary to render it a realistic long-term perspective. In particular, the role of genetic data and the relationship between causal understanding, prediction, prevention, and treatment of a disease need clarifying. This article critically examines the concept of information in genetics and its relation to modern-day genetic determinism, using pharmacogenetics, personalized medicine's core discipline, as a test case. The article concludes that: (1) genetic knowledge does not constitute a privileged basis for personalized medicine because there is an a priori complete causal parity of genetic and nongenetic resources of development; and (2) prediction, prevention, and treatment all depend on a causal-mechanistic understanding that will follow only from integrating data across the whole gamut of developmental factors-genetic and non-genetic. In a future successful personalized medicine, genes will have no special status, either as determinants of phenotype, markers of disease or as targets of treatment.

  15. Information Management: Records Management: Mail Facility Security and Handling Suspicious Mail

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    forearms with an antibacterial soap and water, again being careful not to splash the water. (8) Provide a list of all persons who touched the contaminated...After disposal of the gloves, always wash your hands and lower arms thoroughly. You may use ordinary soap and water. Be careful not to wash so vigorously

  16. 10 CFR 73.23 - Protection of Safeguards Information-Modified Handling: Specific requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... include non-public security-related requirements such as protective measures, interim compensatory measures, additional security measures, and the following, as applicable: (1) Physical protection. Information not classified as Restricted Data or National Security Information related to physical...

  17. 48 CFR 915.207-70 - Handling proposals and information during evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Government assumes no liability for the use or disclosure of information (data) not made subject to such... information (data) before decision as to the award of a contract, or the transfer of valuable and sensitive..., to the extent permitted by law, none of the information (data) contained in proposals, except...

  18. 48 CFR 915.207-70 - Handling proposals and information during evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Government assumes no liability for the use or disclosure of information (data) not made subject to such... information (data) before decision as to the award of a contract, or the transfer of valuable and sensitive..., to the extent permitted by law, none of the information (data) contained in proposals, except...

  19. 22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Access to personal information from Inter... SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL INFORMATION IN IAF RECORDS § 1003.5 Access to personal information from Inter-American... Foundation, 1515 Wilson Boulevard, Rosslyn, Virginia 22209. Personal contacts should normally be made...

  20. Using personal digital assistants to access drug information.

    PubMed

    McCreadie, Scott R; Stevenson, James G; Sweet, Burgunda V; Kramer, Mike

    2002-07-15

    The use of personal digital assistants (PDAs) to access drug information in a health system is described. Given the widespread use of PDAs at an 872-bed university health system, an opportunity existed to provide current drug information to physicians via these devices. As part of the health system's intranet, extensive online content had been made available through a browser; extension to PDAs was a natural next step. There were two primary requirements: the ability to synchronize information with the database server when a PDA was used and the development of content and applications by using existing staff. Mobile enterprise software was chosen that supports multiple PDA platforms, is easy to use, and does not require programming skills. The software works through customized "channels," or collections of information from a content provider. The customized channel service works over the Internet. Two channels of content were created, an ambulatory care channel and an inpatient care channel. The ambulatory care channel contains a list of preferred ambulatory care agents, poison control information, the locations of outpatient pharmacies, drug information, and safety tips for prescribing. The inpatient channel contains the inpatient formulary, current news and events, information on currrent drug shortages and recalls, pharmacy contact information, and medication safety tips. When a user synchronizes his or her PDA, the software contacts the department's intranet servers and processes the request. The data are compressed and downloaded to the user's PDA. A university health system successfully used PDAs to access drug and other information.

  1. 17 CFR 248.10 - Limits on disclosure of nonpublic personal information to nonaffiliated third parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...: Privacy of Consumer Financial Information and Safeguarding Personal Information Limits on Disclosures § 248.10 Limits on disclosure of nonpublic personal information to nonaffiliated third parties. (a)(1... nonpublic personal information to nonaffiliated third parties. 248.10 Section 248.10 Commodity...

  2. 17 CFR 248.10 - Limits on disclosure of nonpublic personal information to nonaffiliated third parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...: Privacy of Consumer Financial Information and Safeguarding Personal Information Limits on Disclosures § 248.10 Limits on disclosure of nonpublic personal information to nonaffiliated third parties. (a)(1... nonpublic personal information to nonaffiliated third parties. 248.10 Section 248.10 Commodity...

  3. 75 FR 71356 - Collection of Information Requirement Related to Procedures for the Handling of Retaliation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... Systems Security Act and the Federal Railroad Safety Act AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health... Complaints Under the National Transit Systems Security Act and the Federal Railroad Safety Act interim final... (Word Perfect, ASCII, Mates with Duxbury Braille System) and audiotape. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  4. 48 CFR 1415.207-70 - Department of the Interior proposal and information handling procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... used in addition to those prescribed in FAR 15.207, for the use and disclosure of trade secret...) Marking of solicited proposals. A solicited proposal may contain trade secrets or confidential commercial... Government of trade secrets and confidential commercial or financial information contained in a...

  5. 48 CFR 1415.207-70 - Department of the Interior proposal and information handling procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... used in addition to those prescribed in FAR 15.207, for the use and disclosure of trade secret...) Marking of solicited proposals. A solicited proposal may contain trade secrets or confidential commercial... Government of trade secrets and confidential commercial or financial information contained in a...

  6. 48 CFR 1415.207-70 - Department of the Interior proposal and information handling procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... used in addition to those prescribed in FAR 15.207, for the use and disclosure of trade secret...) Marking of solicited proposals. A solicited proposal may contain trade secrets or confidential commercial... Government of trade secrets and confidential commercial or financial information contained in a...

  7. 48 CFR 1415.207-70 - Department of the Interior proposal and information handling procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... used in addition to those prescribed in FAR 15.207, for the use and disclosure of trade secret...) Marking of solicited proposals. A solicited proposal may contain trade secrets or confidential commercial... Government of trade secrets and confidential commercial or financial information contained in a...

  8. 48 CFR 1415.207-70 - Department of the Interior proposal and information handling procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... used in addition to those prescribed in FAR 15.207, for the use and disclosure of trade secret...) Marking of solicited proposals. A solicited proposal may contain trade secrets or confidential commercial... Government of trade secrets and confidential commercial or financial information contained in a...

  9. 77 FR 25499 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Personal Financial and Credit Statement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Personal Financial and... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Personal Financial and Credit Statement....

  10. Modelling and Characterisation of Detection Models in WAMI for Handling Negative Information

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-01

    detections of targets. As such, it cannot exploit information about lack of detections — including the effects of occlusion. To investigate these...incorporates the effects of the target, the platform, and the environment. Developing situation awareness is vital for almost any kind of military...This data set is used extensively in our preliminary investigation . 5 Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. (a) Frame

  11. ERGOGRAPHY-RATIONAL METHOD FOR HANDLING AND EXTRACTING INFORMATION CONTAINED IN BIBLIOGRAPHIES OF PROLIFIC AUTHORS.

    PubMed

    Hummel, Hans E; Langner, S S; Sanguanpong, U

    2015-01-01

    Ergography is a novel technique invented in 2003 by the first author in his attempts to understand, analyze, and quantify at one glance the work of creative scientists without reading through lengthy, usually boring laudations of invited speakers. Traditional enumeration of accomplishments is helpful but less than satisfactory. Simple descriptive texts often do not satisfactorily answer the question of how, when and why certain observations and theories were established and how they influenced the development and advance of scientific fields at large. Five influential entomologists, R.L. Metcalf, H. Schmutterer, P. Karlson, T. Eisner and E.O. Wilson, as well as two biochemists, A. Butenandt and F. Lynen, a few of them still alive, were selected as targets to gain some experience with the new technique superficially resembling chromatograms or spectra. Pretty soon, it became clear that the "when" is easy to answer and follows from simple time diagrams. More difficult is the analysis of the "how" and "why" and "under whose influence" certain subject areas were pursued. Even more difficult to analyze is the impact, if any, certain papers had on subsequent authors and to what extent the "memes" influence contemporary or future authors within and outside established research schools of thought. Ergographic analysis is an ongoing project that learns its rules by trying and doing. It links the forefront of research to the task of the science historian who is looking back over considerable distances. Ergographists try to speed up this process by the tools of analyzing working patterns and hopefully finding similarities and signs of influences in other schools of thought. In the virtual absence of suitable critical electronic software with semantic resolution power, ergography is still a matter of personal enterprise, curiosity, intuition, and willingness to follow with a prepared mind the paths investigated before by ingenious talent and make them more transparent.

  12. Handling large datasets of hyperspectral images: reducing data size without loss of useful information.

    PubMed

    Ferrari, Carlotta; Foca, Giorgia; Ulrici, Alessandro

    2013-11-13

    Hyperspectral Imaging (HSI) is gaining increasing interest in the field of analytical chemistry, since this fast and non-destructive technique allows one to easily acquire a large amount of spectral and spatial information on a wide number of samples in very short times. However, the large size of hyperspectral image data often limits the possible uses of this technique, due to the difficulty of evaluating many samples altogether, for example when one needs to consider a representative number of samples for the implementation of on-line applications. In order to solve this problem, we propose a novel chemometric strategy aimed to significantly reduce the dataset size, which allows to analyze in a completely automated way from tens up to hundreds of hyperspectral images altogether, without losing neither spectral nor spatial information. The approach essentially consists in compressing each hyperspectral image into a signal, named hyperspectrogram, which is created by combining several quantities obtained by applying PCA to each single hyperspectral image. Hyperspectrograms can then be used as a compact set of descriptors and subjected to blind analysis techniques. Moreover, a further improvement of both data compression and calibration/classification performances can be achieved by applying proper variable selection methods to the hyperspectrograms. A visual evaluation of the correctness of the choices made by the algorithm can be obtained by representing the selected features back into the original image domain. Likewise, the interpretation of the chemical information underlying the selected regions of the hyperspectrograms related to the loadings is enabled by projecting them in the original spectral domain. Examples of applications of the hyperspectrogram-based approach to hyperspectral images of food samples in the NIR range (1000-1700 nm) and in the vis-NIR range (400-1000 nm), facing a calibration and a defect detection issue respectively, demonstrate the

  13. Information Services to the Disadvantaged Person: A Challenge for Information Professionals in Thailand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butdisuwan, Sujin

    This paper considers the provision of library and information services to disadvantaged persons in Thailand and focuses on the need to provide appropriate staff training to library staff working with these groups. The results of a number of specific projects are used as illustrative examples. The paper begins with an overview of the disadvantaged…

  14. An Evaluation of Personal Health Information Remnants in Second-Hand Personal Computer Disk Drives

    PubMed Central

    Neri, Emilio; Jonker, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    Background The public is concerned about the privacy of their health information, especially as more of it is collected, stored, and exchanged electronically. But we do not know the extent of leakage of personal health information (PHI) from data custodians. One form of data leakage is through computer equipment that is sold, donated, lost, or stolen from health care facilities or individuals who work at these facilities. Previous studies have shown that it is possible to get sensitive personal information (PI) from second-hand disk drives. However, there have been no studies investigating the leakage of PHI in this way. Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the extent to which PHI can be obtained from second-hand computer disk drives. Methods A list of Canadian vendors selling second-hand computer equipment was constructed, and we systematically went through the shuffled list and attempted to purchase used disk drives from the vendors. Sixty functional disk drives were purchased and analyzed for data remnants containing PHI using computer forensic tools. Results It was possible to recover PI from 65% (95% CI: 52%-76%) of the drives. In total, 10% (95% CI: 5%-20%) had PHI on people other than the owner(s) of the drive, and 8% (95% CI: 7%-24%) had PHI on the owner(s) of the drive. Some of the PHI included very sensitive mental health information on a large number of people. Conclusions There is a strong need for health care data custodians to either encrypt all computers that can hold PHI on their clients or patients, including those used by employees and subcontractors in their homes, or to ensure that their computers are destroyed rather than finding a second life in the used computer market. PMID:17942386

  15. Relationships: empirical contribution. Understanding personality pathology in adolescents: the five factor model of personality and social information processing.

    PubMed

    Hessels, Christel; van den Hanenberg, Danique; de Castro, Bram Orobio; van Aken, Marcel A G

    2014-02-01

    This study seeks to integrate two research traditions that lie at the base of the understanding of personality pathology in adolescents. The first research tradition refers to normal personality according to the Five Factor Model (FFM). The second tradition specifies the key feature of personality disorder as the capacity to mentalize, which can be reflected in Social Information Processing (SIP). In a clinical sample of 96 adolescents, the authors investigated response generation, coping strategy, and memories of past frustrating experiences as part of SIP, as mediator in the relationship between personality and personality pathology, and a possible moderating role of personality on the relationship between SIP and personality pathology. The hypothesized mediation, by which the effects of personality dimensions on personality pathology was expected to be mediated by SIP variables, was found only for the effect of Neuroticism, most specifically on BPD, which appeared to be mediated by memories the patients had about past frustrating conflict situations with peers. Some moderating effects of personality on the relationship between SIP variables and personality pathology were found, suggesting that high Agreeableness and sometimes low Neuroticism can buffer this relationship. These results suggest that personality dimensions and social cognitions both independently and together play a role in adolescents' personality pathology.

  16. Drunk Personality: Reports from Drinkers and Knowledgeable Informants

    PubMed Central

    Winograd, Rachel P.; Steinley, Douglas; Sher, Kenneth J.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Existing literature supports the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality (i.e., Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, and Intellect or Openness) as a comprehensive representation of stable aspects of mood, affect, and behavior. This study evaluated the FFM as a framework for both self-perceptions of drunkenness (i.e. individual changes in mood, affect, and behavior associated with one’s own intoxication), as well “drinking buddies’” perceptions of their friends’ drunkenness (i.e., changes in mood, affect, and behavior associated with a friend’s intoxication) and the association of reported sober-to-drunk differences with negative alcohol-related consequences. Method College-student drinkers (N = 374 [187 “drinking buddy” pairs]) reported on their sober and drunk levels of the five factors, as well as those of their drinking buddy. Buddies completed parallel assessments for themselves and their friend in order for rater agreement to be determined. All participants completed assessments of harmful alcohol outcomes experienced within the past year. Results Regardless of reporter, differences between drunken and sober states were found across all five factors and agreement between self and informant reports was consistently significant and comparable across sober and drunk conditions. Low levels of drunk Conscientiousness and drunk Emotional Stability were associated with experiencing more alcohol-related consequences, even when controlling for sober factor levels and binge drinking frequency. Conclusions Findings support the use of the FFM as a clinically relevant framework for organizing differences in personality expression associated with intoxication and the validity of self-reports of drunk personality. PMID:24796850

  17. Review of Extracting Information From the Social Web for Health Personalization

    PubMed Central

    Karlsen, Randi; Bonander, Jason

    2011-01-01

    In recent years the Web has come into its own as a social platform where health consumers are actively creating and consuming Web content. Moreover, as the Web matures, consumers are gaining access to personalized applications adapted to their health needs and interests. The creation of personalized Web applications relies on extracted information about the users and the content to personalize. The Social Web itself provides many sources of information that can be used to extract information for personalization apart from traditional Web forms and questionnaires. This paper provides a review of different approaches for extracting information from the Social Web for health personalization. We reviewed research literature across different fields addressing the disclosure of health information in the Social Web, techniques to extract that information, and examples of personalized health applications. In addition, the paper includes a discussion of technical and socioethical challenges related to the extraction of information for health personalization. PMID:21278049

  18. Personalized Information Environments: Do Public Libraries Want a Slice of the PIE?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worcester, Lea

    2003-01-01

    Discussion of personalized information environments (PIEs) focuses on library personalized interfaces. Describes academic library PIEs and commercial sites, such as Amazon.com that use personalization; explores the Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg's personalized interface; and discusses opportunities and challenges PIEs offer public…

  19. Procedures for using Geographic Information Systems for the handling and processing of scientific data from the planetary surfaces.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frigeri, A.; Federico, C.; Pauselli, C.; Minelli, G.

    The availability of large volume of data from instruments on-board scientific planetary missions justify the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) procedures for the study of terrestrial planets and their satellites. As mission data volumes increase the use of GIS techniques offer the planetary scientist a way for fast retrieval, storage and analysis of heterogeneous data and allows comparative analysis between different dataset that otherwise would be difficult to perform. Although GIS systems have been already used for planetary research, none provides a native generic support for studying surfaces of terrestrial planets and satellites. The work presented here describes the development of a pool of procedures in the form of computer codes and supporting files produced to provide a generic support to handle, analyze and visualize planetary remote sensed data in a selected GIS system allowing to perform the comparative analysis of different geological and geophysical planetary data. The application of procedures developed allowed to aggregate maps from different mission to Mars in order to investigate the geologic context of an area of Mars and to correlate these information with the first subsurface signals of the Mars Advanced Radar Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounder (MARSIS).

  20. A digital signal processor-based pulse programmer with performance of run-time information handling for magnetic resonance imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, Liang; Li, Lin; Nie, Wei; Xie, Xiaoming; Wan, Hongjie

    2015-06-01

    A pulse programmer for magnetic resonance imaging based on a digital signal processor (DSP) is described. The pulse programmer not only implements event triggering and control line generation, but also performs the run-time information handling. The DSP, which has features that include a 32-bit data bus, a 24-bit address bus and a clock rate of 60 MHz, is used as the sequence operator. The DSP connects the field programmable gate array (FPGA) devices of all the spectrometer modules via its external bus, and manipulates the operation of each module via setting the control port of the corresponding FPGA. In addition, the run-time information of the spectrometer, which includes the operation status of each module and the external triggers, can be obtained easily using the read instruction, and the operation exceptions of the spectrometer can be treated quickly via the DSP’s interrupt mechanism. Up to 32 control lines can be generated simultaneously in an event, and the minimum interval between successive events is 50 ns. The pulse sequence program is written in the C++ language and is mainly composed of several predefined procedures. The performance of the proposed pulse programmer is validated by multiple imaging experiments.

  1. Personal health records: Consumer attitudes toward privacy and security of their personal health information.

    PubMed

    Lafky, Deborah Beranek; Horan, Thomas A

    2011-03-01

    Personal health record (PHR) systems are a subject of intense interest in the move to improve healthcare accessibility and quality. Although a number of vendors continue to put forward PHR systems, user-centered design research has lagged, and it has not been clear what features are important to prospective PHR users. Here, we report on a user-centered design study that combines qualitative and quantitative approaches to investigate several dimensions relevant to PHR design, and to look at the effect of health status on user needs. The results indicate that health status, especially disability and chronic illness, is relevant to PHR design. Further, the results provide empirical evidence about the role of privacy and security in users' attitudes toward PHR use. The exact nature of these attitudes differs from widely held perceptions about consumer values in healthcare information management.

  2. 36 CFR 1202.28 - What rules do NARA employees follow in managing personal information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Collecting Information § 1202.28 What rules do NARA employees follow in managing personal information? All... follow in managing personal information? 1202.28 Section 1202.28 Parks, Forests, and Public Property... protection of nonpublic information in the Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Executive...

  3. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... person or organization (for example, personal telephone lists or memory aids) that are retained or... notes are an extension of the individual's memory. These notes, however, must be maintained...

  4. Consumer support for health information exchange and personal health records: a regional health information organization survey.

    PubMed

    Patel, Vaishali N; Dhopeshwarkar, Rina V; Edwards, Alison; Barrón, Yolanda; Sparenborg, Jeffrey; Kaushal, Rainu

    2012-06-01

    In order to characterize consumer support for electronic health information exchange (HIE) and personal health records (PHRs) in a community where HIE is underway, we conducted a survey of English speaking adults who visited primary care practices participating in a regional community-wide clinical data exchange, during August, 2008. Amongst the 117 respondents, a majority supported physicians' use of HIE (83%) or expressed interest in potentially using PHRs (76%). Consumers' comfort sending personal information electronically over the Internet and their perceptions regarding the potential benefits of HIE were independently associated with their support for HIE. Consumers' prior experience using the Internet to manage their healthcare, perceptions regarding the potential benefits of PHRs and college education were independently associated with potential PHR use. Bolstering consumer support for HIE and PHRs will require addressing privacy and security concerns, demonstrating clinical benefits, and reaching out to those who are less educated and computer literate.

  5. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... members of the Military Services and all married persons are not considered minors regardless of age, and... person or organization (for example, personal telephone lists or memory aids) that are retained or... notes are an extension of the individual's memory. These notes, however, must be maintained...

  6. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... members of the Military Services and all married persons are not considered minors regardless of age, and... person or organization (for example, personal telephone lists or memory aids) that are retained or... notes are an extension of the individual's memory. These notes, however, must be maintained...

  7. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... members of the Military Services and all married persons are not considered minors regardless of age, and... person or organization (for example, personal telephone lists or memory aids) that are retained or... notes are an extension of the individual's memory. These notes, however, must be maintained...

  8. 77 FR 39573 - Additional Identifying Information Associated With Persons Whose Property and Interests in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-03

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control Additional Identifying Information Associated With Persons Whose... Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (``OFAC'') is publishing additional indentifying information... on June 1, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Assistant Director, Sanctions...

  9. The Effects of A Learning Experience Upon Preference for Complexity and Asymmetry; Variables of Perceptual Field Independence, and the Ability to Handle Visual Information. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWhinnie, Harold J.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a specific type of perceptual training upon the aesthetic preference for complexity-asymmetry, ability to handle visual information, select variables of perceptual field-independence, and selected variables of creative thinking. A total of 300 fourth, fifth, and sixth grade children in…

  10. 32 CFR 327.8 - Disclosure of personal information to other agencies and third parties

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... established for each user of the information outside DeCA who need official access to the records. This use... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disclosure of personal information to other... § 327.8 Disclosure of personal information to other agencies and third parties (a) Disclosures...

  11. [Personal identification using information from cranio-facial region].

    PubMed

    Minaguchi, Kiyoshi

    2007-11-01

    Much of Forensic Odontology is concerned with personal identification, through examination of cranio-facial region. This paper describes several studies in which we worked with materials derived from cranio-facial region. The following topics are addressed : (1) Human saliva contains proteins specific to salivary glands, proteins which are highly polymorphic compared with those found in other body fluids. In particular, six genes for proline-rich proteins coded many proteins found in human saliva, and we found several of them. At least five kinds of cystatin are secreted in saliva. We constructed recombinant polymorphic proteins, cystatin SAl and SA2. Using these proteins, we compared effects of amino acid mutation on protease inhibitor activity, and demonstrated a novel function for type-2 cystatin cytokine-inducing activity. (2) Among autosomal STR loci, we identified the D12S67 locus as highly polymorphic, with a heterozygosity of 95%, by investigating differences in nucleotide repeat units. Highly polymorphic autosomal STR loci offer an effective forensic tool under certain conditions, in addition to multiplex PCR, and therefore merit further study in forensic practice. (3) Although digitalization is prevalent in photography, analog images are preferable in certain circumstances as they offer better resolution. (4) Usually, information on mtDNA polymorphisms from HV1 and HV2 in the control region is used in forensic practice. However, information from the coding region considerably increases the discrimination power of mtDNA polymorphisms. It is important to increase the volume of coding region information available with regard to mtDNA polymorphisms for future forensic practice. (5) Y-STR polymorphisms are closely associated with binary haplogroups, and it is possible to estimate a binary haplogroup from an STR haplotype. (6) Mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosomal polymorphisms can be used to determine geographic origin in individuals from East Asia, something

  12. 32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... that access is provided the individual. (7) Regardless of age, all DA military personnel and all... personal notes of individuals used as memory aids. These documents are not Privacy Act records and are not...'s personal convenience and the notes are restricted to that of memory aids; (iii) Not the result...

  13. Personal Record Keeping. The CIRcular: Consumer Information Report 21.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bank of America NT & SA, San Francisco, CA.

    This report explains the importance of keeping personal records, describes types of records to keep, and suggests places in which to keep them and ways to organize them. Guidelines are offered for keeping the following types of records: (1) personal documents (family records, wills, passports, diplomas, and social security cards); (2) property…

  14. Person re-identification employing 3D scene information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bak, Sławomir; Brémond, François

    2015-09-01

    The person reidentification task applied in a real-world scenario is addressed. Finding people in a network of cameras is challenging due to significant variations in lighting conditions, different color responses, and different camera viewpoints. State-of-the-art algorithms are likely to fail due to serious perspective and pose changes. Most of the existing approaches try to cope with all these changes by applying metric learning tools to find a transfer function between a camera pair while ignoring the body alignment issue. Additionally, this transfer function usually depends on the camera pair and requires labeled training data for each camera. This might be unattainable in a large camera network. We employ three-dimensional scene information for minimizing perspective distortions and estimating the target pose. The estimated pose is further used for splitting a target trajectory into reliable chunks, each one with a uniform pose. These chunks are matched through a network of cameras using a previously learned metric pool. However, instead of learning transfer functions that cope with all appearance variations, we propose to learn a generic metric pool that only focuses on pose changes. This pool consists of metrics, each one learned to match a specific pair of poses and not being limited to a specific camera pair. Automatically estimated poses determine the proper metric, thus improving matching. We show that metrics learned using only a single camera can significantly improve the matching across the whole camera network, providing a scalable solution. We validated our approach on publicly available datasets, demonstrating increase in the reidentification performance.

  15. The Structure of Informal Social Networks of Persons with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamstra, A.; van der Putten, A. A. J.; Vlaskamp, C.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Persons with less severe disabilities are able to express their needs and show initiatives in social contacts, persons with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD), however, depend on others for this. This study analysed the structure of informal networks of persons with PIMD. Materials and Methods: Data concerning the…

  16. 76 FR 80966 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection: Age, Sex, and Race of Persons...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ... Federal Bureau of Investigation Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection: Age, Sex, and Race of Persons Arrested 18 Years of Age and Over; Age, Sex, and Race of Persons Arrested Under 18... the form/collection: Age, Sex, and Race of Persons Arrested 18 Years of Age and Over; Age, Sex,...

  17. Quantitative Information Differences Between Object-Person Presentation Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd, J. Edwin; Perry, Raymond P.

    1972-01-01

    Subjects used significantly more adjectives, on an adjective checklist (ACL), in giving their impressions of an object-person; based on written and audiovisual presentations, more than audio presentations. (SD)

  18. Identifying Personality Pathology Associated With Major Depressive Episodes: Incremental Validity of Informant Reports

    PubMed Central

    Galione, Janine N.; Oltmanns, Thomas F.

    2016-01-01

    Major limitations are associated with the use of a single source of information to assess personality pathology. The construct validity of standardized interviews and informant reports on personality pathology has been established relative to other measures of personality pathology, but it is also important to consider these measures in relation to other constructs that should be related to personality pathology. One example is major depression. In this study, we evaluated whether less common clinical methods of assessment for measuring the same personality pathology constructs, including semistructured interviews and informant reports, demonstrate unique validity, using major depressive episode (MDE) as the external criterion. This analysis focuses on a representative, community-based sample of 1,437 participants and informants. We conducted a hierarchical logistic regression analysis and determined the order of entering the predictor variables based on likelihood of being used in a clinical setting as well as empirical recommendations. Each step of our regression model significantly increased our ability to predict lifetime MDE, including self, interviewer, and informant reports of personality pathology. Overall, these findings indicate that multiple sources of personality assessment provide unique information about the relationship between maladaptive personality traits and a history of MDE. Thus, semistructured diagnostic interviews and informant reports can be used as a resource to improve the validity of personality assessments. PMID:24004355

  19. 32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 4 3 , provides additional guidance regarding For Official Use Only information. 3 http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/54007r_0998/p54007r.pdf. (c) Do not disclose personal information...

  20. 32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 4 3 , provides additional guidance regarding For Official Use Only information. 3 http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/54007r_0998/p54007r.pdf. (c) Do not disclose personal information...

  1. 32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 4 3 , provides additional guidance regarding For Official Use Only information. 3 http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/54007r_0998/p54007r.pdf. (c) Do not disclose personal information...

  2. 32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 4 3 , provides additional guidance regarding For Official Use Only information. 3 http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/54007r_0998/p54007r.pdf. (c) Do not disclose personal information...

  3. 32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 4 3 , provides additional guidance regarding For Official Use Only information. 3 http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/54007r_0998/p54007r.pdf. (c) Do not disclose personal information...

  4. Evaluating Common De-Identification Heuristics for Personal Health Information

    PubMed Central

    Jabbouri, Sam; Sams, Scott; Drouet, Youenn; Power, Michael

    2006-01-01

    Background With the growing adoption of electronic medical records, there are increasing demands for the use of this electronic clinical data in observational research. A frequent ethics board requirement for such secondary use of personal health information in observational research is that the data be de-identified. De-identification heuristics are provided in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Privacy Rule, funding agency and professional association privacy guidelines, and common practice. Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the re-identification risks due to record linkage are sufficiently low when following common de-identification heuristics and whether the risk is stable across sample sizes and data sets. Methods Two methods were followed to construct identification data sets. Re-identification attacks were simulated on these. For each data set we varied the sample size down to 30 individuals, and for each sample size evaluated the risk of re-identification for all combinations of quasi-identifiers. The combinations of quasi-identifiers that were low risk more than 50% of the time were considered stable. Results The identification data sets we were able to construct were the list of all physicians and the list of all lawyers registered in Ontario, using 1% sampling fractions. The quasi-identifiers of region, gender, and year of birth were found to be low risk more than 50% of the time across both data sets. The combination of gender and region was also found to be low risk more than 50% of the time. We were not able to create an identification data set for the whole population. Conclusions Existing Canadian federal and provincial privacy laws help explain why it is difficult to create an identification data set for the whole population. That such examples of high re-identification risk exist for mainstream professions makes a strong case for not disclosing the high-risk variables and their combinations identified here

  5. Dazomet Fumigant Safe Handling Guide

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Dazomet is the active ingredient in Basamid G soil fumigant pesticide. Wear personal protective equipment such as respirators when handling Basamid granules or making an application, mitigate exposures, and recognize signs of vapor inhalation.

  6. 32 CFR 806b.43 - Placing personal information on shared drives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Placing personal information on shared drives. 806b.43 Section 806b.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... shared drives. Personal information should never be placed on shared drives for access by groups...

  7. 32 CFR 806b.43 - Placing personal information on shared drives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Placing personal information on shared drives. 806b.43 Section 806b.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... shared drives. Personal information should never be placed on shared drives for access by groups...

  8. 32 CFR 806b.43 - Placing personal information on shared drives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Placing personal information on shared drives. 806b.43 Section 806b.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... shared drives. Personal information should never be placed on shared drives for access by groups...

  9. 32 CFR 806b.43 - Placing personal information on shared drives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Placing personal information on shared drives. 806b.43 Section 806b.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... shared drives. Personal information should never be placed on shared drives for access by groups...

  10. 32 CFR 806b.43 - Placing personal information on shared drives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Placing personal information on shared drives. 806b.43 Section 806b.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... shared drives. Personal information should never be placed on shared drives for access by groups...

  11. Guidelines for the Selection, Training, and Placement of Blind Persons in Information Service Expediting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vieceli, Louis; And Others

    A potentially suitable job for the college educated blind person is that of an Information Service Expediter (ISE), an occupation which uses telecommunications equipment to provide clients with information services. A conference was held to develop specific guidelines for the selection, training, and placement of blind persons as ISE's. Papers…

  12. 42 CFR 455.106 - Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes. 455.106 Section 455.106 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... persons convicted of crimes. (a) Information that must be disclosed. Before the Medicaid agency...

  13. 42 CFR 455.106 - Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes. 455.106 Section 455.106 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... persons convicted of crimes. (a) Information that must be disclosed. Before the Medicaid agency...

  14. 42 CFR 455.106 - Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes. 455.106 Section 455.106 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... persons convicted of crimes. (a) Information that must be disclosed. Before the Medicaid agency...

  15. 42 CFR 455.106 - Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes. 455.106 Section 455.106 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... persons convicted of crimes. (a) Information that must be disclosed. Before the Medicaid agency...

  16. 42 CFR 455.106 - Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Disclosure by providers: Information on persons convicted of crimes. 455.106 Section 455.106 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... persons convicted of crimes. (a) Information that must be disclosed. Before the Medicaid agency...

  17. 22 CFR 104.2 - Sharing of information regarding international trafficking in persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... represented on the Senior Policy Operating Group shall, to the extent permitted by law, share information on... international trafficking in persons. In its coordinating role, the Senior Policy Operating Group shall... INTERNATIONAL TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS: INTERAGENCY COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES AND SHARING OF INFORMATION §...

  18. 22 CFR 104.2 - Sharing of information regarding international trafficking in persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... represented on the Senior Policy Operating Group shall, to the extent permitted by law, share information on... international trafficking in persons. In its coordinating role, the Senior Policy Operating Group shall... INTERNATIONAL TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS: INTERAGENCY COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES AND SHARING OF INFORMATION §...

  19. 22 CFR 104.2 - Sharing of information regarding international trafficking in persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... represented on the Senior Policy Operating Group shall, to the extent permitted by law, share information on... international trafficking in persons. In its coordinating role, the Senior Policy Operating Group shall... INTERNATIONAL TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS: INTERAGENCY COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES AND SHARING OF INFORMATION §...

  20. 22 CFR 104.2 - Sharing of information regarding international trafficking in persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... represented on the Senior Policy Operating Group shall, to the extent permitted by law, share information on... international trafficking in persons. In its coordinating role, the Senior Policy Operating Group shall... INTERNATIONAL TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS: INTERAGENCY COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES AND SHARING OF INFORMATION §...

  1. 22 CFR 104.2 - Sharing of information regarding international trafficking in persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... represented on the Senior Policy Operating Group shall, to the extent permitted by law, share information on... international trafficking in persons. In its coordinating role, the Senior Policy Operating Group shall... INTERNATIONAL TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS: INTERAGENCY COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES AND SHARING OF INFORMATION §...

  2. Factors Associated with Behavioral Intention to Disclose Personal Information on Geosocial Networking Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Trissa

    2012-01-01

    Information privacy is a major concern for consumers adopting emerging technologies dependent on location-based services. This study sought to determine whether a relationship exists among factors of personalization, locatability, perceived playfulness, privacy concern and behavioral intention to disclose personal information for individuals using…

  3. 12 CFR 911.6 - Persons and entities with access to unpublished information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Persons and entities with access to unpublished information. 911.6 Section 911.6 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS AVAILABILITY OF UNPUBLISHED INFORMATION § 911.6 Persons and entities with access...

  4. 12 CFR 911.6 - Persons and entities with access to unpublished information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Persons and entities with access to unpublished information. 911.6 Section 911.6 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS AVAILABILITY OF UNPUBLISHED INFORMATION § 911.6 Persons and entities with access...

  5. 12 CFR 911.6 - Persons and entities with access to unpublished information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Persons and entities with access to unpublished information. 911.6 Section 911.6 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS AVAILABILITY OF UNPUBLISHED INFORMATION § 911.6 Persons and entities with access...

  6. 12 CFR 911.6 - Persons and entities with access to unpublished information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Persons and entities with access to unpublished information. 911.6 Section 911.6 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS AVAILABILITY OF UNPUBLISHED INFORMATION § 911.6 Persons and entities with access...

  7. Exploring Information Literacy in Relationship: Intelligence and Personality as Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Timothy A.

    2012-01-01

    In the last three decades, the domain of Information Literacy (IL) has caught the attention of international college educators and information professionals. The explosion of information in education, government and business requires college students to have the skills necessary to enter an information-rich digital age. These skills include the…

  8. Toward a genetically-informed model of borderline personality disorder.

    PubMed

    Livesley, John

    2008-02-01

    This article describes a conceptual framework for describing borderline personality disorder (BPD) based on empirical studies of the phenotypic structure and genetic architecture of personality. The proposed phenotype has 2 components: (1) a description of core self and interpersonal pathology-the defining features of personality disorder-as these features are expressed in the disorder; and (2) a set of traits based on the anxious-dependent or emotional dysregulation factor of the four-factor model of PD. Four kinds of traits are described: emotional (anxiousness, emotional reactivity, emotional intensity, and pessimistic-anhedonia), interpersonal (submissiveness, insecure attachment, social apprehensiveness, and need for approval), cognitive (cognitive dysregulation), and self-harm (behaviors and ideas). Formulation of the phenotype was guided by the conceptualization of personality as a system of interrelated sub-systems. The psychopathology associated with BPD involves most components of the system. The trait structure of the disorder is assumed to reflect the genetic architecture of personality and individual traits are assumed to be based on adaptive mechanisms. It is suggested that borderline traits are organized around the trait of anxiousness and that an important feature of BPD is dysregulation of the threat management system leading to pervasive fearfulness and unstable emotions. The interpersonal traits are assumed to be heritable characteristics that evolved to deal with interpersonal threats that arose as a result of social living. The potential for unstable and conflicted interpersonal relationships that is inherent to the disorder is assumed to result from the interplay between the adaptive structure of personality and psychosocial adversity. The etiology of the disorder is discussed in terms of biological and environmental factors associated with each component of the phenotype.

  9. Droplet Handling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Torii, Toru

    When quantitative analysis or quantitative chemical synthesis is performed using a micrototal analysis system (microTAS), the technologies for precise metering, transporting, and mixing of droplets are required. In this chapter, several technologies for the handling of droplets are described. For metering, dispensing and transporting of droplets, pneumatic and electrokinetic forces are used. Separation of cells and particles is also performed by electrical operation. Other handling technique, such as ultrasonic or centrifugal force applications, are also reviewed. Robotic synthesis devices or high throughput screening devices are promising applications for these technologies.

  10. Droplet handling.

    PubMed

    Torii, Toru

    2010-01-01

    When quantitative analysis or quantitative chemical synthesis is performed using a micrototal analysis system (microTAS), the technologies for precise metering, transporting, and mixing of droplets are required. In this chapter, several technologies for the handling of droplets are described. For metering, dispensing and transporting of droplets, pneumatic and electrokinetic forces are used. Separation of cells and particles is also performed by electrical operation. Other handling technique, such as ultrasonic or centrifugal force applications, are also reviewed. Robotic synthesis devices or high throughput screening devices are promising applications for these technologies.

  11. 32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... judgment is made that access to such records could have an adverse effect on the mental or physical health..., the individual will be asked to provide the name of a personal health care provider, and the records will be provided to that health care provider, along with an explanation of why access without...

  12. Personality and Information Processing Speed: Independent Influences on Intelligent Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Timothy C.; Rock, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    Raven's matrices and inspection time (IT) were recorded from 56 subjects under five arousal levels. Raven's and IT correlated strongly (r = -0.7) as predicted by processing-speed theories of "g." In line with Eysenck's [Eysenck, H. J. (1967). "The biological basis of personality". Springfield, IL: Thomas] arousal theory of extraversion, there was…

  13. Personalized Recommendations Based on Users' Information-Centered Social Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Danielle

    2013-01-01

    The overwhelming amount of information available today makes it difficult for users to find useful information and as the solution to this information glut problem, recommendation technologies emerged. Among the several streams of related research, one important evolution in technology is to generate recommendations based on users' own social…

  14. Money makes you reveal more: consequences of monetary cues on preferential disclosure of personal information.

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Sumitava; Manjaly, Jaison A; Nargundkar, Maithilee

    2013-01-01

    With continuous growth in information aggregation and dissemination, studies on privacy preferences are important to understand what makes people reveal information about them. Previous studies have demonstrated that short-term gains and possible monetary rewards make people risk disclosing information. Given the malleability of privacy preferences and the ubiquitous monetary cues in daily lives, we measured the contextual effect of reminding people about money on their privacy disclosure preferences. In experiment 1, we found that priming money increased willingness to disclose their personal information that could be shared with an online shopping website. Beyond stated willingness, experiment 2 tested whether priming money increases propensity for actually giving out personal information. Across both experiments, we found that priming money increases both the reported willingness and the actual disclosure of personal information. Our results imply that not only do short-term rewards make people trade-off personal security and privacy, but also mere exposure to money increases self-disclosure.

  15. The use of stereotypes and individuating information in political person perception.

    PubMed

    Crawford, Jarret T; Jussim, Lee; Madon, Stephanie; Cain, Thomas R; Stevens, Sean T

    2011-04-01

    This article introduces the political person perception model, which identifies conditions under which perceivers rely on stereotypes (party membership), individuating information (issue position), or both in political person perception. Three studies supported the model's predictions. Study 1 showed that perceivers gave primacy to target information that was narrowly relevant to a judgment, whether that information was stereotypic or individuating. Study 2 found that perceivers relied exclusively on individuating information when it was narrowly relevant to the judgment and relied on both stereotype and individuating information when individuating information was not narrowly relevant to the judgment but did imply a political ideology. Study 3 replicated these findings in a more ecologically valid context and showed that people relied on party information in the absence of narrowly relevant policy positions and when individuating information did not imply a political ideology. Implications for political person perception and theories of stereotyping are discussed.

  16. Foraging Bumble Bees Weigh the Reliability of Personal and Social Information.

    PubMed

    Dunlap, Aimee S; Nielsen, Matthew E; Dornhaus, Anna; Papaj, Daniel R

    2016-05-09

    Many animals, including insects, make decisions using both personally gathered information and social information derived from the behavior of other, usually conspecific, individuals [1]. Moreover, animals adjust use of social versus personal information appropriately under a variety of experimental conditions [2-5]. An important factor in how information is used is the information's reliability, that is, how consistently the information is correlated with something of relevance in the environment [6]. The reliability of information determines which signals should be attended to during communication [6-9], which types of stimuli animals should learn about, and even whether learning should evolve [10, 11]. Here, we show that bumble bees (Bombus impatiens) account for the reliability of personally acquired information (which flower color was previously associated with reward) and social information (which flowers are chosen by other bees) in making foraging decisions; however, the two types of information are not treated equally. Bees prefer to use social information if it predicts a reward at all, but if social information becomes entirely unreliable, flower color will be used instead. This greater sensitivity to the reliability of social information, and avoidance of conspecifics in some cases, may reflect the specific ecological circumstances of bee foraging. Overall, the bees' ability to make decisions based on both personally acquired and socially derived information, and the relative reliability of both, demonstrates a new level of sophistication and flexibility in animal, particularly insect, decision-making.

  17. 32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Section 505.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL... the Federal Register; or (ii) The information was compiled in reasonable anticipation of a civil... supervision could be harmful to the individual. (2) Information that may be harmful to the record...

  18. 32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Section 505.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL... the Federal Register; or (ii) The information was compiled in reasonable anticipation of a civil... supervision could be harmful to the individual. (2) Information that may be harmful to the record...

  19. Measuring the "Information Market(s)": A Personal Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwuchow, Werner

    1995-01-01

    Investigates whether information services markets are measurable so that results are comparable between countries and over different periods of time. Topics include definitions of information services; statistical criteria for data collection; survey methodologies; guidelines for data analyses; and disseminating survey results. (LRW)

  20. 34 CFR 303.401 - Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions of consent, native language, and personally... Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information. As used in this subpart— (a... which consent is sought, in the parent's native language or other mode of communication; (2) The...

  1. 34 CFR 303.401 - Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Definitions of consent, native language, and personally... Definitions of consent, native language, and personally identifiable information. As used in this subpart— (a... which consent is sought, in the parent's native language or other mode of communication; (2) The...

  2. 26 CFR 1.6050B-1 - Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... unemployment compensation payments. 1.6050B-1 Section 1.6050B-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.6050B-1 Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1978, every person who makes payments of unemployment compensation (as...

  3. 26 CFR 1.6050B-1 - Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... unemployment compensation payments. 1.6050B-1 Section 1.6050B-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.6050B-1 Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1978, every person who makes payments of unemployment compensation (as...

  4. 26 CFR 1.6050B-1 - Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... unemployment compensation payments. 1.6050B-1 Section 1.6050B-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.6050B-1 Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1978, every person who makes payments of unemployment compensation (as...

  5. 26 CFR 1.6050B-1 - Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... unemployment compensation payments. 1.6050B-1 Section 1.6050B-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.6050B-1 Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1978, every person who makes payments of unemployment compensation (as...

  6. 26 CFR 1.6050B-1 - Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... unemployment compensation payments. 1.6050B-1 Section 1.6050B-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Information returns by person making unemployment compensation payments. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1978, every person who makes payments of unemployment compensation (as defined in section...

  7. Exploring New Potentials of Blogs for Learning: Can Children Use Blogs for Personal Information Management (PIM)?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeo, Hwan-Ik; Lee, Yekyung Lisa

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the use of blogs for personal information management (PIM) as a learning tool that could bring increased efficiency and academic self-efficacy for carrying out learning tasks. In order to identify the uses and effects of using blogs for PIM by children, a control group that used personal spaces within the class website and an…

  8. Personality-Informed Interventions for Healthy Aging: Conclusions from a National Institute on Aging Work Group

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Benjamin P.; Hampson, Sarah; Clarkin, John

    2014-01-01

    We describe 2 frameworks in which personality dimensions relevant to health, such as Conscientiousness, can be used to inform interventions designed to promote health aging. First, contemporary data and theory do not suggest that personality is "immutable," but instead focus on questions of who changes, in what way, why, when, and how.…

  9. 77 FR 35709 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Personal Financial and Credit...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Personal Financial and...: Personal Financial and Credit Statement. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0001. Form Numbers:...

  10. 32 CFR 327.6 - Collecting personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... records, or similar information. (c) Collecting social security numbers (SSNs). (1) It is unlawful for De... inclusion in a system of records, a Privacy Act Statement is required regardless of the medium used...

  11. Interactional Features of Repair Negotiation in NS-NNS Interaction on Two Task Types: Information Gap and Personal Information Exchange

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitajima, Ryu

    2013-01-01

    The studies in task-based approaches in second language acquisition claim that controlled and goal convergent tasks such as information gap tasks surpass open-ended conversations such as personal information exchange tasks for the development of the learner's interlanguage, in that the formers promote more repair negotiation. And yet, few studies…

  12. "Doing Ethics" in the Context of Sharing Patients' Personal Health Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Somerville, Margaret A.

    2004-01-01

    There are at present two inconsistencies with respect to the sharing of personal health information (PHI) among health care professionals caring for a patient whom the information concerns. First, there is an inconsistency between what is in theory the ethics and law governing the confidentiality and privacy of this information--it may only be…

  13. 41 CFR 102-36.235 - What information do we provide when reporting excess personal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What information do we... Property Reporting Excess Personal Property § 102-36.235 What information do we provide when reporting... addition, provide the following information on your report of excess, when applicable: (1) Major...

  14. Dissemination of Information in Developing Countries: The Personal Computer and beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Wai-Man

    2005-01-01

    With the blooming of information in digital format, dissemination of information is becoming a big challenge for developing countries. It is not only due to the limited provision of personal computers--in addition, the technological infrastructure and the ability to access information are also becoming major concerns in developing countries. This…

  15. Adults Living with Type 2 Diabetes: Kept Personal Health Information Items as Expressions of Need

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whetstone, Melinda

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated personal information behavior and information needs that 21 adults managing life with Type 2 diabetes identify explicitly and implicitly during discussions of item acquisition and use of health information items that are kept in their homes. Research drew upon a naturalistic lens, in that semi-structured interviews were…

  16. Informal Learning in Professional and Personal Life: Implications for Instructional Design and Performance Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, James D.; Moore, Alison L.

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on informal learning and its implications for instructional design and performance improvement. The authors begin by sharing a story of how a novice instructional designer employs informal learning strategies in her professional and personal life. Next, they offer a definition of informal learning that encompasses both…

  17. Personal Web home pages of adolescents with cancer: self-presentation, information dissemination, and interpersonal connection.

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Lalita K; Beale, Ivan L

    2006-01-01

    The content of personal Web home pages created by adolescents with cancer is a new source of information about this population of potential benefit to oncology nurses and psychologists. Individual Internet elements found on 21 home pages created by youths with cancer (14-22 years old) were rated for cancer-related self-presentation, information dissemination, and interpersonal connection. Examples of adolescents' online narratives were also recorded. Adolescents with cancer used various Internet elements on their home pages for cancer-related self-presentation (eg, welcome messages, essays, personal history and diary pages, news articles, and poetry), information dissemination (e.g., through personal interest pages, multimedia presentations, lists, charts, and hyperlinks), and interpersonal connection (eg, guestbook entries). Results suggest that various elements found on personal home pages are being used by a limited number of young patients with cancer for self-expression, information access, and contact with peers.

  18. 76 FR 42676 - Information Collection; Federal Excess Personal Property (FEPP) Inventory

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ...In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Forest Service is seeking comments from all interested individuals and organizations on the extension, with revision, of a currently approved information collection, Federal Excess Personal Property (FEPP)...

  19. Personality-Informed Interventions for Healthy Aging: Conclusions From a National Institute on Aging Workgroup

    PubMed Central

    Chapman, Benjamin P.; Hampson, Sarah; Clarkin, John

    2013-01-01

    We describe two frameworks in which personality dimensions relevant to health, such as Conscientiousness, can be used to inform interventions designed to promote health aging. First, contemporary data and theory do not suggest that personality is “immutable”, but instead focus on questions of who changes, in what way, why, when, and how. In fact, the notion that personality could be changed was part and parcel of many schools of psychotherapy, which suggested that long term and meaningful change in symptoms could not be achieved without change in relevant aspects of personality. We review intervention research documenting change in personality. Based on an integrative view of personality as a complex system, we describe a “bottom-up” model of change in which interventions to change basic personality processes eventuate in changes at the trait level. A second framework leverages the descriptive and predictive power of personality to tailor individual risk prediction and treatment, as well as refine public health programs, to the relevant dispositional characteristics of the target population. These methods dovetail with and add a systematic and rigorous psychosocial dimension to the personalized medicine and patient-centeredness movements in medicine. In addition to improving health through earlier intervention and increased fit between treatments and persons, cost-effectiveness improvements can be realized by more accurate resource allocation. Numerous examples from the personality, health, and aging literature on Conscientiousness and other traits are provided throughout, and we conclude with a series of recommendations for research in these emerging areas. PMID:23978300

  20. 7 CFR 946.336 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... includes, but is not restricted to, potatoes for dehydration, chips, shoestrings, starch, and flour. It... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN WASHINGTON Handling Regulations § 946.336 Handling regulation. No person shall handle any lot of...

  1. 7 CFR 948.386 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., starch, and flour. It includes only that preparation of potatoes for market which involves the... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN COLORADO Handling Regulations § 948.386 Handling regulation. No person shall handle any lot of potatoes grown...

  2. 7 CFR 948.386 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., starch, and flour. It includes only that preparation of potatoes for market which involves the... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN COLORADO Handling Regulations § 948.386 Handling regulation. No person shall handle any lot of potatoes grown...

  3. 7 CFR 948.386 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... is not restricted to, potatoes for dehydration, chips, shoestrings, starch, and flour. It includes... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN COLORADO Handling Regulations § 948.386 Handling regulation. No person shall handle any lot of potatoes grown...

  4. 7 CFR 948.386 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... is not restricted to, potatoes for dehydration, chips, shoestrings, starch, and flour. It includes... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN COLORADO Handling Regulations § 948.386 Handling regulation. No person shall handle any lot of potatoes grown...

  5. 7 CFR 946.336 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... includes, but is not restricted to, potatoes for dehydration, chips, shoestrings, starch, and flour. It... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN WASHINGTON Handling Regulations § 946.336 Handling regulation. No person shall handle any lot of...

  6. 7 CFR 948.386 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., starch, and flour. It includes only that preparation of potatoes for market which involves the... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN COLORADO Handling Regulations § 948.386 Handling regulation. No person shall handle any lot of potatoes grown...

  7. 7 CFR 946.336 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... includes, but is not restricted to, potatoes for dehydration, chips, shoestrings, starch, and flour. It... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN WASHINGTON Handling Regulations § 946.336 Handling regulation. No person shall handle any lot of...

  8. Development of personal pollen information-the next generation of pollen information and a step forward for hay fever sufferers.

    PubMed

    Kmenta, Maximilian; Bastl, Katharina; Jäger, Siegfried; Berger, Uwe

    2014-10-01

    Pollen allergies affect a large part of the European population and are considered likely to increase. User feedback indicates that there are difficulties in providing proper information and valid forecasts using traditional methods of aerobiology due to a variety of factors. Allergen content, pollen loads, and pollen allergy symptoms vary per region and year. The first steps in challenging such issues have already been undertaken. A personalized pollen-related symptom forecast is thought to be a possible answer. However, attempts made thus far have not led to an improvement in daily forecasting procedures. This study describes a model that was launched in 2013 in Austria to provide the first available personal pollen information. This system includes innovative forecast models using bi-hourly pollen data, traditional pollen forecasts based on historical data, meteorological data, and recent symptom data from the patient's hayfever diary. Furthermore, it calculates the personal symptom load in real time, in particular, the entries of the previous 5 days, to classify users. The personal pollen information was made available in Austria on the Austrian pollen information website and via a mobile pollen application, described herein for the first time. It is supposed that the inclusion of personal symptoms will lead to major improvements in pollen information concerning hay fever sufferers.

  9. Personality and the response to predation risk: effects of information quantity and quality.

    PubMed

    Brown, Grant E; Elvidge, Chris K; Ramnarine, Indar; Chivers, Douglas P; Ferrari, Maud C O

    2014-09-01

    Within aquatic ecosystems, chemosensory cues provide valuable public information regarding the form and degree of risk, allowing prey to make informed behavioural decisions. Such cues, however, may vary in both relative concentration detected (i.e. 'quantity') and reliability of the information available (i.e. 'quality'), leading to varying response patterns. Moreover, prey species are also known to exhibit consistent behavioural tactics towards managing risk (i.e. personality), possibly shaping their use of public information. Here, we present two experiments examining the potential interacting effects of personality and the quantity (Experiment 1) or quality (Experiment 2) of public information on the short-term predator avoidance responses of wild-caught Trinidadian guppies under semi-natural conditions. Our first experiment demonstrated that personality shaped responses to a high concentration of alarm cues (high risk), with shyer guppies exhibiting stronger antipredator responses than bolder guppies. When exposed to either low risk or stream water controls, personality had no effect on the intensity of response. Our second experiment demonstrated that personality again shaped the response to high concentrations of alarm cues (a known risk) but not to a novel chemosensory cue (tilapia odour). When exposed to the unknown novel cue, guppies exhibited a relatively high intensity antipredator response, regardless of personality. Combined, our results suggest that individual risk-taking tactics shape the use of public information in a context-dependent fashion.

  10. Personal Library Curation: An Ethnographic Study of Scholars' Information Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antonijevic, Smiljana; Cahoy, Ellysa Stern

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents findings of a Mellon Foundation-funded study conducted at Penn State University in University Park during Fall 2012 that explored scholars' information practices across disciplines encompassing the sciences, humanities, and social sciences. Drawing on results of the Web-based survey and ethnographic interviews, we present…

  11. 32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... mental or physical health of the individual or may result in harm to a third party, the following special... medical information may be harmful to the mental or physical health of the individual or to a third party... deny an individual access to a record or a copy of a record solely because the physical condition...

  12. 32 CFR 701.115 - Protected personal information (PPI).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the misuse and overuse of PPI information that could be used to commit identity theft. PA Coordinators... overuse and misuse of SSNs should be discontinued to avoid the potential for identity theft. For example... PPI is removed to prevent identity theft. (7) Remove PPI from documents prior to posting...

  13. 32 CFR 701.115 - Protected personal information (PPI).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the misuse and overuse of PPI information that could be used to commit identity theft. PA Coordinators... overuse and misuse of SSNs should be discontinued to avoid the potential for identity theft. For example... PPI is removed to prevent identity theft. (7) Remove PPI from documents prior to posting...

  14. 32 CFR 701.115 - Protected personal information (PPI).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the misuse and overuse of PPI information that could be used to commit identity theft. PA Coordinators... overuse and misuse of SSNs should be discontinued to avoid the potential for identity theft. For example... PPI is removed to prevent identity theft. (7) Remove PPI from documents prior to posting...

  15. 32 CFR 701.115 - Protected personal information (PPI).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the misuse and overuse of PPI information that could be used to commit identity theft. PA Coordinators... overuse and misuse of SSNs should be discontinued to avoid the potential for identity theft. For example... PPI is removed to prevent identity theft. (7) Remove PPI from documents prior to posting...

  16. 32 CFR 701.115 - Protected personal information (PPI).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the misuse and overuse of PPI information that could be used to commit identity theft. PA Coordinators... overuse and misuse of SSNs should be discontinued to avoid the potential for identity theft. For example... PPI is removed to prevent identity theft. (7) Remove PPI from documents prior to posting...

  17. Managing personal health information in distributed research network environments

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Studying rare outcomes, new interventions and diverse populations often requires collaborations across multiple health research partners. However, transferring healthcare research data from one institution to another can increase the risk of data privacy and security breaches. Methods A working group of multi-site research programmers evaluated the need for tools to support data security and data privacy. The group determined that data privacy support tools should: 1) allow for a range of allowable Protected Health Information (PHI); 2) clearly identify what type of data should be protected under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA); and 3) help analysts identify which protected health information data elements are allowable in a given project and how they should be protected during data transfer. Based on these requirements we developed two performance support tools to support data programmers and site analysts in exchanging research data. Results The first tool, a workplan template, guides the lead programmer through effectively communicating the details of multi-site programming, including how to run the program, what output the program will create, and whether the output is expected to contain protected health information. The second performance support tool is a checklist that site analysts can use to ensure that multi-site program output conforms to expectations and does not contain protected health information beyond what is allowed under the multi-site research agreements. Conclusions Together the two tools create a formal multi-site programming workflow designed to reduce the chance of accidental PHI disclosure. PMID:24099117

  18. Informed consent for research participation in frail older persons.

    PubMed

    Barron, Jeremy S; Duffey, Patricia L; Byrd, Linda Jo; Campbell, Robin; Ferrucci, Luigi

    2004-02-01

    Informed consent has been the most scrutinized and controversial aspect of clinical research ethics. Institutional review boards (IRBs), government regulatory agencies, and the threat of litigation have all contributed to increasingly detailed consent documents that hope to ensure that subjects are not misled or coerced. Unfortunately, the growing regulatory burden on researchers has not succeeded in protecting subjects, but has rather made the consent process less effective and has discouraged research on vulnerable populations. As a matter of fact, investigators and ethicists continue to identify failures of the consenting process, particularly concerning participation in research of older individuals. The challenges involved in ensuring appropriate consent from the elderly include physical frailty, reduced autonomy and privacy, and impaired decision-making capacity due to dementia, delirium, or other neuropsychiatric illnesses. Ageism among investigators also contributes to failure of informed consent. The evaluation and continuing re-evaluation of an individual's decision-making capacity is critical but difficult. In the most extreme cases, the older adult's ability to participate in the consent process is clearly impaired. However, in many instances, the decision-making capacity is only partially impaired but declines during the course of a research project. Implementing methods of effective communication may enable many frail elderly individuals to make informed decisions. Special challenges are posed by research on end-of-life care, which typically involves frail, older subjects who are uniquely vulnerable, and research is conducted in institutional settings where subtle violations of autonomy are routine. Clearly, the frail elderly represent a vulnerable population that deserves special attention when developing and evaluating an informed consent process. Two important ethical conflicts should be kept in mind. First, although vulnerable older patients must

  19. Informed consent in experimentation involving mentally impaired persons: ethical issues.

    PubMed

    Petrini, Carlo

    2010-01-01

    The problem of experimentation involving subjects whose mental condition prevents them from understanding information and providing proper informed consent has been addressed in various codes, declarations, conventions, treaties and regulations adopted by national, international and supranational institutions and authorities. This article summarizes the basic ethical criteria these documents provide and stresses the historical development from the nearly total exclusion of incapacitated subjects, established in the mid-twentieth century, to their contemporary inclusion in clinical trials on certain ethical conditions. The problem of proxy consent by legal representatives for participation in clinical trials is addressed particularly in reference to current Italian regulations. Exceptions to human experimentation requirements in emergency situations are also briefly discussed.

  20. Perceived patient control over personal health information in the presence of context-specific concerns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nanayakkara, Prabhashi A.

    Information privacy issues have plagued the world of electronic media since its inception. This research focused mainly on factors that increase or decrease perceived patient control over personal health information (CTL) in the presence of context-specific concerns. Control agency theory was used for the paper's theoretical contributions. Personal and proxy control agencies acted as the independent variables, and context-specific concerns for information privacy (CFIP) were used as the moderator between proxy control agency, healthcare provider, and CTL. Demographic data and three control variables-- the desire for information control, privacy experience, and trust propensity--were also included in the model to gauge the contribution to CTL from external factors. Only personal control agency and desire for information control were found to impact CTL.

  1. Model-guided therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma: a role for information technology in predictive, preventive and personalized medicine

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Predictive, preventive and personalized medicine (PPPM) may have the potential to eventually improve the nature of health care delivery. However, the tools required for a practical and comprehensive form of PPPM that is capable of handling the vast amounts of medical information that is currently available are currently lacking. This article reviews a rationale and method for combining and integrating diagnostic and therapeutic management with information technology (IT), in a manner that supports patients through their continuum of care. It is imperative that any program devised to explore and develop personalized health care delivery must be firmly rooted in clinically confirmed and accepted principles and technologies. Therefore, a use case, relating to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), was developed. The approach to the management of medical information we have taken is based on model theory and seeks to implement a form of model-guided therapy (MGT) that can be used as a decision support system in the treatment of patients with HCC. The IT structures to be utilized in MGT include a therapy imaging and model management system (TIMMS) and a digital patient model (DPM). The system that we propose will utilize patient modeling techniques to generate valid DPMs (which factor in age, physiologic condition, disease and co-morbidities, genetics, biomarkers and responses to previous treatments). We may, then, be able to develop a statistically valid methodology, on an individual basis, to predict certain diseases or conditions, to predict certain treatment outcomes, to prevent certain diseases or complications and to develop treatment regimens that are personalized for that particular patient. An IT system for predictive, preventive and personalized medicine (ITS-PM) for HCC is presented to provide a comprehensive system to provide unified access to general medical and patient-specific information for medical researchers and health care providers from different

  2. Personal Digital Information Archiving among Students of Social Sciences and Humanities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krtalic, Maja; Marcetic, Hana; Micunovic, Milijana

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: As both academic citizens and active participants in information society who use information, students produce huge amounts of personal digital data and documents. It is therefore important to raise questions about their awareness, responsibility, tendencies and activities they undertake to preserve their collective digital heritage.…

  3. 32 CFR 1900.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1900.32 Section 1900.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  4. 38 CFR 74.25 - What types of personally identifiable information will VA collect?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... identifiable information will VA collect? 74.25 Section 74.25 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief... What types of personally identifiable information will VA collect? In order to establish owner eligibility, the Department will collect individual names and Social Security numbers for veterans,...

  5. Information Needs of Family Caregivers of Persons with Cognitive versus Physical Deficits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koenig, Kelly N.; Steiner, Victoria; Pierce, Linda L.

    2011-01-01

    This study compared information needs of caregivers of persons with dementia with caregivers of those who received rehabilitation treatment. Caregivers were provided a 48-item survey and asked to choose their top ten information needs. Dementia caregivers' (n = 33) top needs were dealing with forgetfulness/confusion (91%) and repeating…

  6. 41 CFR 102-36.235 - What information do we provide when reporting excess personal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What information do we... Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT... Property Reporting Excess Personal Property § 102-36.235 What information do we provide when...

  7. 41 CFR 102-36.235 - What information do we provide when reporting excess personal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What information do we... Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT... Property Reporting Excess Personal Property § 102-36.235 What information do we provide when...

  8. 32 CFR 1800.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1800.32 Section 1800.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  9. 32 CFR 1800.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1800.32 Section 1800.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  10. 32 CFR 1800.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1800.32 Section 1800.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  11. 32 CFR 1800.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1800.32 Section 1800.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  12. 32 CFR 1800.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1800.32 Section 1800.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  13. Social Networking Privacy Control: Exploring University Variables Related to Young Adults' Sharing of Personally Identifiable Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Melisa S.

    2014-01-01

    The growth of the Internet, and specifically social networking sites (SNSs) like Facebook, create opportunities for individuals to share private and identifiable information with a closed or open community. Internet crime has been on the rise and research has shown that criminals are using individuals' personal information pulled from social…

  14. Stereotype-Based versus Personal-Based Filtering Rules in Information Filtering Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuflik, Tsvi; Shapira, Bracha; Shoval, Peretz

    2003-01-01

    Discusses rule-based information filtering systems and user profiles that express the user's information filtering policy. Compares the effectiveness of two alternative rule-based filtering methods: stereotype-based rules, where users are assigned to a group of similar users; and personal-based rules, where each user has his/her own personal…

  15. Design Considerations for Today's Online Learners: A Study of Personalized, Relationship-Based Social Awareness Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heo, Misook

    2009-01-01

    This article examined online learners' preferences in personalized, relationship-based social awareness information sharing in course management systems. Three hundred seventy-seven online learners' willingness to share social awareness information was measured through a national survey. Results indicated that today's online learners are open…

  16. 32 CFR 1900.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1900.32 Section 1900.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  17. 32 CFR 1900.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1900.32 Section 1900.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  18. 32 CFR 1900.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1900.32 Section 1900.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  19. 32 CFR 1900.32 - Procedures for information concerning other persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Procedures for information concerning other persons. 1900.32 Section 1900.32 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)...

  20. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 310 - Safeguarding Personally Identifiable Information (PII)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... granting access to the entire database. 8. Do not totally rely on proprietary software products to protect.... Personally identifiable information must also be protected while it is being processed or accessed in... safeguards that are adequate to protect the information against unauthorized disclosure, access, or...

  1. Personality Traits and Group-Based Information Behaviour: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyldegard, Jette

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: The relationship between hypothesised behaviour resulting from a personality test and actual information behaviour resulting from a group-based assignment process is addressed in this paper. Methods: Three voluntary groups of ten librarianship and information science students were followed during a project assignment. The long…

  2. 29 CFR 2400.4 - Collection and disclosure of personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) To a person pursuant to a requirement of the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552); (ii) To those...'s rights, benefits or privileges under Federal programs; and (iv) Inform any individual requested to... maintained which describes how any individual exercises rights guaranteed by the First Amendment unless...

  3. Real-life experience with personally familiar faces enhances discrimination based on global information

    PubMed Central

    Van Belle, Goedele

    2016-01-01

    Despite the agreement that experience with faces leads to more efficient processing, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Building on empirical evidence from unfamiliar face processing in healthy populations and neuropsychological patients, the present experiment tested the hypothesis that personal familiarity is associated with superior discrimination when identity information is derived based on global, as opposed to local facial information. Diagnosticity and availability of local and global information was manipulated through varied physical similarity and spatial resolution of morph faces created from personally familiar or unfamiliar faces. We found that discrimination of subtle changes between highly similar morph faces was unaffected by familiarity. Contrariwise, relatively more pronounced physical (i.e., identity) differences were more efficiently discriminated for personally familiar faces, indicating more efficient processing of global, as opposed to local facial information through real-life experience. PMID:26855852

  4. Comparison groups on bills: Automated, personalized energy information

    SciTech Connect

    Iyer, Maithili; Kempton, Willett; Payne, Christopher

    2006-07-01

    A program called ``Innovative Billing?? has been developed to provide individualized energy information for a mass audience?the entireresidential customer base of an electric or gas utility. Customers receive a graph on the bill that compares that customer?s consumption with othersimilar customers for the same month. The program aims to stimulate customers to make ef?ciency improvements. To group as many as severalmillion customers into small ``comparison groups??, an automated method must be developed drawing solely from the data available to the utility.This paper develops and applies methods to compare the quality of resulting comparison groups.A data base of 114,000 customers from a utility billing system was used to evaluate Innovative Billing comparison groups, comparing fouralternative criteria: house characteristics (?oor area, housing type, and heating fuel); street; meter read route; billing cycle. Also, customers wereinterviewed to see what forms of comparison graphs made most sense and led to fewest errors of interpretation. We ?nd that good qualitycomparison groups result from using street name, meter book, or multiple house characteristics. Other criteria we tested, such as entire cycle, entiremeter book, or single house characteristics such as ?oor area, resulted in poor quality comparison groups. This analysis provides a basis forchoosing comparison groups based on extensive user testing and statistical analysis. The result is a practical set of guidelines that can be used toimplement realistic, inexpensive innovative billing for the entire customer base of an electric or gas utility.

  5. Personalization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shore, Rebecca Martin

    1996-01-01

    Describes how a typical high school in Huntington Beach, California, curbed disruptive student behavior by personalizing the school experience for "problem" students. Through mostly volunteer efforts, an adopt-a-kid program was initiated that matched kids' learning styles to adults' personality styles and resulted in fewer suspensions…

  6. Informing cancer patient based on his type of personality: the arrogant (narcissistic) patient.

    PubMed

    Kallergis, G

    2012-01-01

    The task of informing the cancer patient is considered an arduous one as it typically involves breaking bad news to the patient. It appears that the adoption of an empathic approach is vital within a therapeutic relationship. This applies to every character or personality type, perhaps more so to the arrogant patient with a feeling of superiority. The question "Is it possible to determine who should be told what, when and how" basically implies the adoption of an empathic approach and the tailoring of information to each cancer patient. The use of character traits contributes to managing the physically ill patient in the best possible way. Therefore, follows the question: in what way does a character or personality type affect cancer patient informing? The aim of this article was to describe the arrogant (narcissistic) character or type of personality in an analytic way so that any therapist can make a diagnosis and tailor the information strategy to the patient's needs. As method of research was used the qualitative method research through groups with doctors and nurses, while research within groups lasted for 5 years. The degree of informing the arrogant personality in the range "minimal - small - medium - large - very large" is: The degree of denial varies between "large" and "very large" while the degree of informing varies between "medium" and "small". Informing the family: The patient objects to a common approach with the family as he is concerned about inflicting a blow to his image.

  7. Personal property at the Oak Ridge Operations Office and the Office of Scientific and Technical Information

    SciTech Connect

    1998-04-01

    The Oak Ridge Operations Office (Operations Office) and the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) are responsible for safeguarding and controlling personal property in their possession and in the possession of their contractors. Categories of personal property include vehicles, heavy mobile equipment, computers and software, office furniture and equipment, laboratory equipment, security and protection equipment, and shop equipment. The objective of this audit was to determine whether the Operations Office and OSTI adequately safeguarded and properly accounted for personal property in their possession and in the possession of their non-integrated contractors.

  8. The inadvertent disclosure of personal health information through peer-to-peer file sharing programs

    PubMed Central

    Neri, Emilio; Jonker, Elizabeth; Sokolova, Marina; Peyton, Liam; Neisa, Angelica; Scassa, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    Objective There has been a consistent concern about the inadvertent disclosure of personal information through peer-to-peer file sharing applications, such as Limewire and Morpheus. Examples of personal health and financial information being exposed have been published. We wanted to estimate the extent to which personal health information (PHI) is being disclosed in this way, and compare that to the extent of disclosure of personal financial information (PFI). Design After careful review and approval of our protocol by our institutional research ethics board, files were downloaded from peer-to-peer file sharing networks and manually analyzed for the presence of PHI and PFI. The geographic region of the IP addresses was determined, and classified as either USA or Canada. Measurement We estimated the proportion of files that contain personal health and financial information for each region. We also estimated the proportion of search terms that return files with personal health and financial information. We ascertained and discuss the ethical issues related to this study. Results Approximately 0.4% of Canadian IP addresses had PHI, as did 0.5% of US IP addresses. There was more disclosure of financial information, at 1.7% of Canadian IP addresses and 4.7% of US IP addresses. An analysis of search terms used in these file sharing networks showed that a small percentage of the terms would return PHI and PFI files (ie, there are people successfully searching for PFI and PHI on the peer-to-peer file sharing networks). Conclusion There is a real risk of inadvertent disclosure of PHI through peer-to-peer file sharing networks, although the risk is not as large as for PFI. Anyone keeping PHI on their computers should avoid installing file sharing applications on their computers, or if they have to use such tools, actively manage the risks of inadvertent disclosure of their, their family's, their clients', or patients' PHI. PMID:20190057

  9. An Information Push-Delivery System Design for Personal Information Service on the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chen-Tung; Tai, Wei-Shen

    2003-01-01

    Discussion of information overload from the Internet focuses on an information push-delivery system, which applies fuzzy information retrieval and fuzzy similarity measurement to avoid the information overload problem. Describes an empirical investigation conducted with students at Da-Yeh University (Taiwan) that investigated satisfaction with a…

  10. Library workers' personal beliefs about childhood vaccination and vaccination information provision.

    PubMed

    Keselman, Alla; Smith, Catherine Arnott; Hundal, Savreen

    2014-07-01

    This is a report on the impact of library workers' personal beliefs on provision of vaccination information. Nine public librarians were interviewed about a hypothetical scenario involving a patron who is concerned about possible vaccination-autism connections. The analysis employed thematic coding. Results suggested that while most participants supported childhood vaccination, tension between their personal views and neutrality impacted their ability to conduct the interaction. The neutrality stance, though consonant with professional guidelines, curtails librarians' ability to provide accurate health information. Outreach and communication between public and health sciences libraries can help librarians provide resources to address health controversies.

  11. Replacing personally-identifying information in medical records, the Scrub system.

    PubMed Central

    Sweeney, L.

    1996-01-01

    We define a new approach to locating and replacing personally-identifying information in medical records that extends beyond straight search-and-replace procedures, and we provide techniques for minimizing risk to patient confidentiality. The straightforward approach of global search and replace properly located no more than 30-60% of all personally-identifying information that appeared explicitly in our sample database. On the other hand, our Scrub system found 99-100% of these references. Scrub uses detection algorithms that employ templates and specialized knowledge of what constitutes a name, address, phone number and so forth. PMID:8947683

  12. PCASSO: a design for secure communication of personal health information via the internet.

    PubMed

    Baker, D B; Masys, D R

    1999-05-01

    The Internet holds both promise and peril for the communications of person-identifiable health information. Because of technical features designed to promote accessibility and interoperability rather than security, Internet addressing conventions and transport protocols are vulnerable to compromise by malicious persons and programs. In addition, most commonly used personal computer (PC) operating systems currently lack the hardware-based system software protection and process isolation that are essential for ensuring the integrity of trusted applications. Security approaches designed for electronic commerce, that trade known security weaknesses for limited financial liability, are not sufficient for personal health data, where the personal damage caused by unintentional disclosure may be far more serious. To overcome these obstacles, we are developing and evaluating an Internet-based communications system called PCASSO (Patient-centered access to secure systems online) that applies state of the art security to health information. PCASSO includes role-based access control, multi-level security, strong device and user authentication, session-specific encryption and audit trails. Unlike Internet-based electronic commerce 'solutions,' PCASSO secures data end-to-end: in the server; in the data repository; across the network; and on the client. PCASSO is designed to give patients as well as providers access to personal health records via the Internet.

  13. Industrial information database service by personal computer network 'Saitamaken Industrial Information System'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sugahara, Keiji

    Saitamaken Industrial Information System provides onlined database services, which does not rely on computers for the whole operation, but utilizes computers, optical disk files or facsimiles for certain operations as we think fit. It employes the method of providing information for various, outputs, that is, image information is sent from optical disk files to facsimiles, or other information is provided from computers to terminals as well as facsimiles. Locating computers as a core in the system, it enables integrated operations. The system at terminal side was developed separately with functions such as operation by turnkey style, down-loading of statistical information and the newest menu.

  14. Informing cancer patient in relation to his type of personality: the dependent (oral) patient.

    PubMed

    Kallergis, G

    2011-01-01

    When a doctor has to break bad news to the cancer patient, he knows that the news will put a strain on his relationship with the patient. Bad news is any information that changes a person's view of the future in a negative way. The questions: "Do you tell the diagnosis or not? How much information do you reveal? Who do you inform about the diagnosis and/or what do you tell" are very frequent during scientific discussions. Must the patients know or do they also have the right not to know? Is it possible to determine who should be told what, when and how? The aim of this paper was to describe the dependent character or type of personality, so that a therapist can make a diagnosis in order to determine the informative approach.

  15. [Personal e-cards for military personnel and military-medical information system].

    PubMed

    Kalachev, O V; Stolyar, V P; Kuandykov, M G; Papkov, A Yu

    2015-08-01

    The article presents main directions of activities of the medical service, dealing with implementation of personal electronic cards for military personnel, organizing the process of automation of medical service management, military and medical organizations and health care departments. The given article, reveals the on-going activity, concerning creation of the military-medical information system, which will unite all medical units, organizations, and governments into one information space.

  16. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 310 - Safeguarding Personally Identifiable Information (PII)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (PII) A Appendix A to Part 310 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Pt. 310, App. A Appendix A to Part 310—Safeguarding Personally Identifiable Information (PII) (See § 310.13 of Subpart B) A. General 1. The...

  17. Personal Health Information in Canada: A Comparison of Citizen Expectations and Legislation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peekhaus, Wilhelm

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores whether the Canadian legislative protections in place to safeguard medical privacy meet the expectations of Canadians. An overview of current governance systems designed to protect the privacy of personal health information at both the federal and provincial levels is first presented. This is followed by an empirical analysis…

  18. 16 CFR 312.7 - Prohibition against conditioning a child's participation on collection of personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prohibition against conditioning a child's... Prohibition against conditioning a child's participation on collection of personal information. An operator is prohibited from conditioning a child's participation in a game, the offering of a prize, or another...

  19. 16 CFR 312.7 - Prohibition against conditioning a child's participation on collection of personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Prohibition against conditioning a child's... Prohibition against conditioning a child's participation on collection of personal information. An operator is prohibited from conditioning a child's participation in a game, the offering of a prize, or another...

  20. 22 CFR 1101.3 - General policy: Collection and use of personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true General policy: Collection and use of personal information. 1101.3 Section 1101.3 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1101.3 General policy: Collection and...

  1. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... § 4.37 Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. (a) Current... by this subpart or otherwise by the OCC, no current or or former OTS employee or agent may, in any.... Any current or or former OTS employee or agent subpoenaed or otherwise requested to...

  2. 22 CFR 1101.3 - General policy: Collection and use of personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true General policy: Collection and use of personal information. 1101.3 Section 1101.3 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1101.3 General policy: Collection and...

  3. Vestiges of "Nous" and the 1st Person Plural Verb in Informal Spoken French.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coveney, Aidan

    2000-01-01

    Aims to find the extent to which subject clitic "nous" and 4th person verbs in French are used in a corpus of informal spoken language and to identify factors that may account for the productive use of nous +4p verb. (Author/VWL)

  4. 16 CFR 312.8 - Confidentiality, security, and integrity of personal information collected from children.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality, security, and integrity of personal information collected from children. 312.8 Section 312.8 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE § 312.8 Confidentiality, security, and integrity...

  5. 17 CFR 400.4 - Information concerning associated persons of financial institutions that are government...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Information concerning associated persons of financial institutions that are government securities brokers or dealers. 400.4 Section 400.4 Commodity and Securities Exchanges DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS UNDER SECTION 15C OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 RULES...

  6. 32 CFR 327.8 - Disclosure of personal information to other agencies and third parties

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... concerning the patient that is provided in § 327.8 and under provisions of 32 CFR part 285. (ii) The medical...'s condition in the following terms if the medical doctor has volunteered the information: (A) The... patient is conscious, semi-conscious or unconscious. (2) Detailed medical and other personal...

  7. 32 CFR 327.8 - Disclosure of personal information to other agencies and third parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... concerning the patient that is provided in § 327.8 and under provisions of 32 CFR part 285. (ii) The medical...'s condition in the following terms if the medical doctor has volunteered the information: (A) The... patient is conscious, semi-conscious or unconscious. (2) Detailed medical and other personal...

  8. 32 CFR 327.8 - Disclosure of personal information to other agencies and third parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... concerning the patient that is provided in § 327.8 and under provisions of 32 CFR part 285. (ii) The medical...'s condition in the following terms if the medical doctor has volunteered the information: (A) The... patient is conscious, semi-conscious or unconscious. (2) Detailed medical and other personal...

  9. The Information in Third-Person /s/: Acquisition across Dialects of American English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Villiers, Jill G.; Johnson, Valerie E.

    2007-01-01

    The production of third-person /s/ on English verbs seems to be ahead of comprehension. Mainstream American English (MAE) is contrasted with African American English (AAE), in which /s/ is rarely supplied. Two studies explored what information children get solely from /s/ on the end of a verb. Sixty-five MAE- and 65 AAE-speaking four- to…

  10. 29 CFR 2400.4 - Collection and disclosure of personal information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Collection and disclosure of personal information. 2400.4 Section 2400.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PRIVACY ACT § 2400.4 Collection and disclosure of...

  11. 19 CFR 356.9 - Persons authorized to receive proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...) for the participant represented or for any person who would gain competitive advantage through... who would gain competitive advantage through knowledge of the proprietary information sought; and (2... such counsel, provided that the counsel or professional does not participate in competitive...

  12. 19 CFR 356.9 - Persons authorized to receive proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...) for the participant represented or for any person who would gain competitive advantage through... who would gain competitive advantage through knowledge of the proprietary information sought; and (2... such counsel, provided that the counsel or professional does not participate in competitive...

  13. Do You Hear Me? Information for Persons with a Hearing Impairment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brook, Emily

    1990-01-01

    This compendium of general information for individuals with hearing impairments reports on: the incidence of hearing impairments; methods of communication between hearing and nonhearing persons (fingerspelling, lip reading, cued speech, signing, and telephone devices); 13 titles of books and tapes available; 4 sources of hearing ear dogs; 42…

  14. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 310 - Safeguarding Personally Identifiable Information (PII)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... data stored on magnetic storage media by methods that preclude reconstruction of the data. 4. Ensure that personal information is not inadvertently disclosed as residue when transferring magnetic media.... Minimize access to data fields necessary to accomplish an employee's task-normally, access shall be...

  15. 77 FR 26776 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Declaration of Persons Who Performed Repairs or...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-07

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Declaration of Persons Who Performed Repairs or Alterations AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of... collection. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) of the Department of Homeland Security will...

  16. Invited Reaction: Influences of Formal Learning, Personal Learning Orientation, and Supportive Learning Environment on Informal Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cseh, Maria; Manikoth, Nisha N.

    2011-01-01

    As the authors of the preceding article (Choi and Jacobs, 2011) have noted, the workplace learning literature shows evidence of the complementary and integrated nature of formal and informal learning in the development of employee competencies. The importance of supportive learning environments in the workplace and of employees' personal learning…

  17. Impacts of Personal Characteristics on Computer Attitude and Academic Users Information System Satisfaction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Kee-Sook

    2002-01-01

    Describes a study that evaluated the effects of computer experience, gender, and academic performance on computer attitude and user information system satisfaction in a university setting. Results of an analysis of variance showed that the personal characteristics made a difference in computer attitudes but not in academic computer system user…

  18. Possessions and Self Extension in Digital Environments: Implications for Maintaining Personal Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cushing, Amber L.

    2012-01-01

    This research explores individuals' relationships with their personal digital information through the concepts of digital possessions and self extension. Two studies were conducted. In the first study, twenty-three participants were interviewed about their definitions of digital possessions and digital legacies, and about their connections to…

  19. Informing cancer patient based on his type of personality: the uninvolved - aloof patient.

    PubMed

    Kallergis, George

    2014-01-01

    Communicating bad news is often part of a doctor's task. By bad news we mean information which is received as unpleasant by the patient who feels that it can have an unwanted effect in his life. It appears that the way each patient assesses bad news is associated with his personality type, his individual character traits and the adoption of an empathic approach is vital within a therapeutic relationship. The aim of this article was to describe the uninvolved-aloof character or type of personality thoroughly so that any therapist can make a diagnosis and tailor the information strategy to the patient's needs. As method of research was used the qualitative method through groups with doctors and nurses, while research within groups lasted for 5 years. Assessing the denial mechanism may present the hardest task since the patient does not give any hint to the doctor as to how he feels. The degree of informing should be not as much as for the controlling-orderly person but more than the dependent person's, about "average" to "small". Informing Family: He accepts the family's involvement. Relatives need to be alerted about the patient's fragility.

  20. Informing cancer patient in relation his type of personality: the emotional-hypothymic (depressive) patient.

    PubMed

    Kallergis, G

    2012-01-01

    Informing patients with cancer has been a subject of great scientific interest. Initially the research was aimed at quantity evaluation, in other words, the number of doctors who break the news to the patient, the number of patients seeking informing etc. Since the 1980s to present, research has shifted its focus equally on quality evaluation. In other words, serious efforts are being made to answer the question: "Is it possible to determine who should be told what, when and how?" It seems that deepening on the patient s character traits offers the best starting point for understanding the patient. The aim of this paper was to describe the character of personality types based on the question: "How could characters or personality types be used in informing patients with cancer?" As method of research was used the qualitative method through groups with doctors and nurses, while research within groups lasted for 5 years. The degree of informing is similar to the degree of the hyperthymic personality; initially, is "minimal, then "small" until it reaches "medium". The degree of denial varies between "large" and "very large" to sometimes "medium". Family: similar to the emotional-hyperthymic person, with the added difficulty of introversy. There is a discordance between what the patient shows and what the family reports about him, especially when the compensation mechanism is that of a controlling - orderly patient.

  1. 32 CFR 719.115 - Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions. 719.115 Section 719.115 National Defense Department of Defense... the public concerning the administration of military justice. The task of striking a fair...

  2. 32 CFR 719.115 - Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions. 719.115 Section 719.115 National Defense Department of Defense... the public concerning the administration of military justice. The task of striking a fair...

  3. 32 CFR 719.115 - Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions. 719.115 Section 719.115 National Defense Department of Defense... the public concerning the administration of military justice. The task of striking a fair...

  4. 32 CFR 719.115 - Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions. 719.115 Section 719.115 National Defense Department of Defense... the public concerning the administration of military justice. The task of striking a fair...

  5. Socio-technical aspects of the use of health related personal information for management and research.

    PubMed

    Iversen, K R; Grøtan, T O

    1996-10-01

    This paper focuses on the organisational, technical and ethical aspects related to the use of person identifiable health information for various health care management, administration, finance, research and educational purposes. It is based on the ethical standpoint that to the individuals in question, the identifiable health information represents the uttermost sensitive and critical information. In addition, nobody, possibly apart from the patients themselves, may claim ownership of such information. Thus identifiable health information should be (per individual) kept as collected and protected as possible, within the scope of the patient provider relationship. Identifiable health information should, whenever possible and reasonable, be restricted to the health care professionals providing the treatment and care to the patient, and only be made available to others, e.g. for management, research or educational purposes, either in anonymous or pseudonymous form. Secure information management (SIM) is presented as the socio-technical means to facilitate our ethical standpoint in a practical health care environment.

  6. Informing cancer patient based on his type of personality:The self-sacrificing patient.

    PubMed

    Kallergis, George

    2015-01-01

    Imparting the bad news has become a hard task for the doctor, and is usually perceived as unpleasant by the patient to whom the bad news is revealed. It is vital that the physician's approach be tailored to the cancer patient's personality. Gathering by the informing process protocols already suggested the hardest step for the doctors to take is empathic understanding which, presupposes tailoring to the individual's needs. The aim of this article was to describe the self-sacrificing type of personality thoroughly, so that any physician can make a diagnosis and tailor the information strategy to their needs. As method of research was used the qualitative method through groups with doctors and nurses, while research within groups lasted for 5 years. Assessing the denial mechanism is hard for a person that regards disease as punishment and propitiation. The physician must mobilize his countertransference, the sense he gets from the discussions with the patient and their overall communication. If he finds that the patient has self-control, then the approach of imparting the news resembles that of the controlling-orderly personality. If he ascertains that the patient has a lasting embarrassment, he should be more careful and impart the news gradually, his approach resembling that of the dependent person.

  7. 40 CFR 2.310 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Comprehensive Environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PUBLIC INFORMATION Confidentiality of Business Information § 2.310 Special rules governing certain... located, by or from any person who generates, transports, or otherwise handles or has handled hazardous substances, or by or from any person who performs or supports removal or remedial actions pursuant to...

  8. Effect of Affective Personality Information on Face Processing: Evidence from ERPs

    PubMed Central

    Luo, Qiu L.; Wang, Han L.; Dzhelyova, Milena; Huang, Ping; Mo, Lei

    2016-01-01

    This study explored the extent to which there are the neural correlates of the affective personality influence on face processing using event-related potentials (ERPs). In the learning phase, participants viewed a target individual’s face (expression neutral or faint smile) paired with either negative, neutral or positive sentences describing previous typical behavior of the target. In the following EEG testing phase, participants completed gender judgments of the learned faces. Statistical analyses were conducted on measures of neural activity during the gender judgment task. Repeated measures ANOVA of ERP data showed that faces described as having a negative personality elicited larger N170 than did those with a neutral or positive description. The early posterior negativity (EPN) showed the same result pattern, with larger amplitudes for faces paired with negative personality than for others. The size of the late positive potential was larger for faces paired with positive personality than for those with neutral and negative personality. The current study indicates that affective personality information is associated with an automatic, top–down modulation on face processing. PMID:27303359

  9. Combining personal with social information facilitates host defences and explains why cuckoos should be secretive

    PubMed Central

    Thorogood, Rose; Davies, Nicholas B.

    2016-01-01

    Individuals often vary defences in response to local predation or parasitism risk. But how should they assess threat levels when it pays their enemies to hide? For common cuckoo hosts, assessing parasitism risk is challenging: cuckoo eggs are mimetic and adult cuckoos are secretive and resemble hawks. Here, we show that egg rejection by reed warblers depends on combining personal and social information of local risk. We presented model cuckoos or controls at a pair’s own nest (personal information of an intruder) and/or on a neighbouring territory, to which they were attracted by broadcasts of alarm calls (social information). Rejection of an experimental egg was stimulated only when hosts were alerted by both social and personal information of cuckoos. However, pairs that rejected eggs were not more likely to mob a cuckoo. Therefore, while hosts can assess risk from the sight of a cuckoo, a cuckoo cannot gauge if her egg will be accepted from host mobbing. Our results reveal how hosts respond rapidly to local variation in parasitism, and why it pays cuckoos to be secretive, both to avoid alerting their targets and to limit the spread of social information in the local host neighbourhood. PMID:26794435

  10. Informing the Design of Direct-to-Consumer Interactive Personal Genomics Reports

    PubMed Central

    Shaer, Orit; Okerlund, Johanna; Balestra, Martina; Stowell, Elizabeth; Ascher, Laura; Bi, Joanna; Schlenker, Claire; Ball, Madeleine

    2015-01-01

    Background In recent years, people who sought direct-to-consumer genetic testing services have been increasingly confronted with an unprecedented amount of personal genomic information, which influences their decisions, emotional state, and well-being. However, these users of direct-to-consumer genetic services, who vary in their education and interests, frequently have little relevant experience or tools for understanding, reasoning about, and interacting with their personal genomic data. Online interactive techniques can play a central role in making personal genomic data useful for these users. Objective We sought to (1) identify the needs of diverse users as they make sense of their personal genomic data, (2) consequently develop effective interactive visualizations of genomic trait data to address these users’ needs, and (3) evaluate the effectiveness of the developed visualizations in facilitating comprehension. Methods The first two user studies, conducted with 63 volunteers in the Personal Genome Project and with 36 personal genomic users who participated in a design workshop, respectively, employed surveys and interviews to identify the needs and expectations of diverse users. Building on the two initial studies, the third study was conducted with 730 Amazon Mechanical Turk users and employed a controlled experimental design to examine the effectiveness of different design interventions on user comprehension. Results The first two studies identified searching, comparing, sharing, and organizing data as fundamental to users’ understanding of personal genomic data. The third study demonstrated that interactive and visual design interventions could improve the understandability of personal genomic reports for consumers. In particular, results showed that a new interactive bubble chart visualization designed for the study resulted in the highest comprehension scores, as well as the highest perceived comprehension scores. These scores were significantly

  11. Disaster evacuation for persons with special needs: a content analysis of information on YouTube.

    PubMed

    Owens, Jacqueline K; Warner Stidham, Andrea; Owens, Elizabeth L

    2013-11-01

    Disaster preparedness is more complex for persons with chronic illness, who may require specific planning to address unique needs. Research suggests that advance preparation and evacuation during a disaster leads to better health outcomes. Individuals access, and rely on, health information via online sources. The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to examine information that persons who may have special needs receive from an Internet based free sharing source, YouTube, related to disaster evacuation procedures. A content analysis of 51 clips using the Health Literacy Skills Framework revealed themes related to quality and region. Findings suggested concerns such as errors, minimal information about management of conditions during evacuation, and lack of diversity.

  12. Ecological Modelling of Individual and Contextual Influences: A Person-in-Environment Framework for Hypothetico-Deductive Information Behaviour Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sin, Sei-Ching Joanna

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: This paper discusses the person-in-environment framework, which proposes the inclusion of environmental factors, alongside personal factors, as the explanatory factors of individual-level information behaviour and outcome. Method: The paper first introduces the principles and schematic formulas of the person-in-environment framework.…

  13. Advancing the evolution of healthcare: information technology in a person-focused population health model.

    PubMed

    Velianoff, George D

    2014-01-01

    The current changes introduced into the healthcare delivery system through the Affordable Care Act require more than the isolated, quality/cost process solutions utilized to date. Robust information systems with capabilities to push information and provide valid analytics and decision support utilizing point-of-care data input are required to achieve a complex, person-centered, lifetime-focused model. This article presents a review of the current state of population health, a model identifying components within population health, and an example of information technology integration.

  14. 7 CFR 926.9 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO CRANBERRIES NOT SUBJECT TO THE CRANBERRY MARKETING ORDER § 926.9 Handle. Handle... contract carrier of cranberries owned by another person) fresh or processed cranberries produced within or outside the United States or in any other way to place fresh or processed cranberries into the current...

  15. 7 CFR 926.9 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO CRANBERRIES NOT SUBJECT TO THE CRANBERRY MARKETING ORDER § 926.9 Handle. Handle... contract carrier of cranberries owned by another person) fresh or processed cranberries produced within or outside the United States or in any other way to place fresh or processed cranberries into the current...

  16. 7 CFR 926.9 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO CRANBERRIES NOT SUBJECT TO THE CRANBERRY MARKETING ORDER § 926.9 Handle. Handle... contract carrier of cranberries owned by another person) fresh or processed cranberries produced within or outside the United States or in any other way to place fresh or processed cranberries into the current...

  17. 7 CFR 926.9 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO CRANBERRIES NOT SUBJECT TO THE CRANBERRY MARKETING ORDER § 926.9 Handle. Handle... contract carrier of cranberries owned by another person) fresh or processed cranberries produced within or outside the United States or in any other way to place fresh or processed cranberries into the current...

  18. 7 CFR 926.9 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO CRANBERRIES NOT SUBJECT TO THE CRANBERRY MARKETING ORDER § 926.9 Handle. Handle... contract carrier of cranberries owned by another person) fresh or processed cranberries produced within or outside the United States or in any other way to place fresh or processed cranberries into the current...

  19. Access to Information-Age Technologies: A Report on an Exploratory Project Examining the Issue of "Accessibility" for Handicapped and Older Persons to Emerging Information Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowe, Frank G.

    The project reviewed literature, surveyed manufacturers, and interviewed handicapped and elderly consumers of information-age technologies in an attempt to identify important accessibility issues with respect to emerging information technologies, particularly the personal computer. Results suggested that personal computers appear to be moving…

  20. Aging: empirical contribution. A longitudinal analysis of personality disorder dimensions and personality traits in a community sample of older adults: perspectives from selves and informants.

    PubMed

    Cooper, Luke D; Balsis, Steve; Oltmanns, Thomas F

    2014-02-01

    Research has indicated that personality disorders (PDs) and normal-range personality traits generally "get better" with time, as evidenced by mean-level decreases in PD traits and mean-level increases in broad factors such as emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. One limitation of many of these studies is their reliance on self reported data. In the current study, the authors analyzed the 2.5-year course of PD dimensions and normal personality traits in a representative sample of adults approaching later life (originally ages 55-65) by using a semistructured diagnostic interview as well as self- and informant-reported data from two personality inventories. Consistent with previous literature, many self-reported PD traits showed mean-level decreases over time, and self-reported normal-range personality traits generally showed positive aging effects (e.g., mean-level increases in emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). Surprisingly, however, informant-reported PD traits often demonstrated small but significant increases over time, and informant-reported normal-range personality generally "worsened" with age (e.g., mean-level decreases in extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). Informant reports may challenge the finding that personality and PDs tend to "improve" over time.

  1. Aging: Empirical Contribution A Longitudinal Analysis of Personality Disorder Dimensions and Personality Traits in a Community Sample of Older Adults: Perspectives from Selves and Informants

    PubMed Central

    Cooper, Luke D.; Balsis, Steve; Oltmanns, Thomas F.

    2015-01-01

    Research has indicated that personality disorders (PDs) and normal-range personality traits generally “get better” with time, as evidenced by mean-level decreases in PD traits and mean-level increases in broad factors such as emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. One limitation of many of these studies is their reliance on self reported data. In the current study, the authors analyzed the 2.5-year course of PD dimensions and normal personality traits in a representative sample of adults approaching later life (originally ages 55–65) by using a semistructured diagnostic interview as well as self- and informant-reported data from two personality inventories. Consistent with previous literature, many self-reported PD traits showed mean-level decreases over time, and self-reported normal-range personality traits generally showed positive aging effects (e.g., mean-level increases in emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). Surprisingly, however, informant-reported PD traits often demonstrated small but significant increases over time, and informant-reported normal-range personality generally “worsened” with age (e.g., mean-level decreases in extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). Informant reports may challenge the finding that personality and PDs tend to “improve” over time. PMID:24344895

  2. Informing cancer patient in relation to his type of personality: the emotional-hyperthymic (dramatizing) patient.

    PubMed

    Kallergis, G

    2011-01-01

    Informing a cancer patient has been an issue of particular interest to the scientific community over the last 50 years. Since 1989 we have been studying the characters or personality types based on the Kahana and Bibring's approach as part of Consultation-Liaison (C-L) Psychiatry. The question posed was how these characters or personality types could be useful in the process of informing the cancer patient. The aim of this paper was to describe the emotional-hyperthymic character or type of personality thoroughly, so that any physician can make a diagnosis and tailor the information strategy to the patient's needs. The qualitative method of research through groups with doctors and nurses was used, while the research within groups lasted for 5 years. The degree of patients' denial varied between "large" and "very large" and sometimes was "medium". Initially, the degree of information was "minimal", then "small" until it reached "medium". A discordance was evident between what the patient showed and what the family reported about him. The patient presented himself as courageous and extrovert, but the relatives considered him as faint-hearted.

  3. Uranium hexafluoride handling. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-31

    The United States Department of Energy, Oak Ridge Field Office, and Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., are co-sponsoring this Second International Conference on Uranium Hexafluoride Handling. The conference is offered as a forum for the exchange of information and concepts regarding the technical and regulatory issues and the safety aspects which relate to the handling of uranium hexafluoride. Through the papers presented here, we attempt not only to share technological advances and lessons learned, but also to demonstrate that we are concerned about the health and safety of our workers and the public, and are good stewards of the environment in which we all work and live. These proceedings are a compilation of the work of many experts in that phase of world-wide industry which comprises the nuclear fuel cycle. Their experience spans the entire range over which uranium hexafluoride is involved in the fuel cycle, from the production of UF{sub 6} from the naturally-occurring oxide to its re-conversion to oxide for reactor fuels. The papers furnish insights into the chemical, physical, and nuclear properties of uranium hexafluoride as they influence its transport, storage, and the design and operation of plant-scale facilities for production, processing, and conversion to oxide. The papers demonstrate, in an industry often cited for its excellent safety record, continuing efforts to further improve safety in all areas of handling uranium hexafluoride. Selected papers were processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  4. 47 CFR 0.559 - Disclosure of disputed information to persons other than the individual to whom it pertains.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Disclosure of disputed information to persons other than the individual to whom it pertains. 0.559 Section 0.559 Telecommunication FEDERAL... information to persons other than the individual to whom it pertains. If the Commission determines not...

  5. 76 FR 16039 - Agency Information Collection (Statement of Person Claiming To Have Stood in Relation of a Parent...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Statement of Person Claiming To Have Stood in Relation of a Parent.... 2900-0059.'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Statement of Person Claiming to Have Stood in...

  6. Personal Information Sharing Behaviors of College Students via the Internet and Online Social Networks: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flinn, Michael Bradley

    2009-01-01

    With privacy concerns growing on a daily basis, it is important to understand how college students guard their personally identifiable information. Despite the students' perceived readiness and several studies on the topic, it is not fully understood what personally identifiable information college students are sharing via online social networks…

  7. 39 CFR 3001.20b - Informal expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Informal expression of views by persons not... expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters). Notwithstanding the... for a hearing pursuant to § 3001.17, an informal statement of views in writing, in accordance with...

  8. 39 CFR 3001.20b - Informal expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Informal expression of views by persons not... expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters). Notwithstanding the... for a hearing pursuant to § 3001.17, an informal statement of views in writing, in accordance with...

  9. 39 CFR 3001.20b - Informal expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Informal expression of views by persons not... expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters). Notwithstanding the... for a hearing pursuant to § 3001.17(a), an informal statement of views in writing, in accordance...

  10. 39 CFR 3001.20b - Informal expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Informal expression of views by persons not... expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters). Notwithstanding the... for a hearing pursuant to § 3001.17(a), an informal statement of views in writing, in accordance...

  11. 39 CFR 3001.20b - Informal expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Informal expression of views by persons not... expression of views by persons not parties or limited participators (commenters). Notwithstanding the... for a hearing pursuant to § 3001.17, an informal statement of views in writing, in accordance with...

  12. A Comparison of Users' Personal Information Sharing Awareness, Habits, and Practices in Social Networking Sites and E-Learning Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Albert L.

    2012-01-01

    Although reports of identity theft continue to be widely published, users continue to post an increasing amount of personal information online, especially within social networking sites (SNS) and e-learning systems (ELS). Research has suggested that many users lack awareness of the threats that risky online personal information sharing poses to…

  13. Informed consent in direct-to-consumer personal genome testing: the outline of a model between specific and generic consent.

    PubMed

    Bunnik, Eline M; Janssens, A Cecile J W; Schermer, Maartje H N

    2014-09-01

    Broad genome-wide testing is increasingly finding its way to the public through the online direct-to-consumer marketing of so-called personal genome tests. Personal genome tests estimate genetic susceptibilities to multiple diseases and other phenotypic traits simultaneously. Providers commonly make use of Terms of Service agreements rather than informed consent procedures. However, to protect consumers from the potential physical, psychological and social harms associated with personal genome testing and to promote autonomous decision-making with regard to the testing offer, we argue that current practices of information provision are insufficient and that there is a place--and a need--for informed consent in personal genome testing, also when it is offered commercially. The increasing quantity, complexity and diversity of most testing offers, however, pose challenges for information provision and informed consent. Both specific and generic models for informed consent fail to meet its moral aims when applied to personal genome testing. Consumers should be enabled to know the limitations, risks and implications of personal genome testing and should be given control over the genetic information they do or do not wish to obtain. We present the outline of a new model for informed consent which can meet both the norm of providing sufficient information and the norm of providing understandable information. The model can be used for personal genome testing, but will also be applicable to other, future forms of broad genetic testing or screening in commercial and clinical settings.

  14. Towards Socially-Responsible Management of Personal Information in Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morin, Jean-Henry

    Considering the increasing number of Personal Information (PI) used and shared in our now common social networked interactions, privacy issues, retention and how such information are manages have become important. Most approaches rely on one-way disclaimers and policies, often complex, hard to find and lacking ease of understanding for ordinary users of such common networks. Thus leaving little room for users to actually retain any control how the released information is actually used and managed once it has been put online. Additionally, personal information (PI) may include digital artifacts and contributions for which people would legitimately like to retain some rights over their use and their lifetime. Of particular interest in this category is the notion of the "right to forget" we no longer have control over, given the persistent nature of the Internet and its ability to retain information forever. This paper examines this issue from the point of view of the user and social responsibility, arguing for the need to augment information with an additional set of metadata about its usage and management. We discuss the use of DRM technologies in this context as a possible direction.

  15. Informing cancer patient based on his type of personality: the avoidant patient.

    PubMed

    Kallergis, G

    2013-01-01

    Imparting bad news to a cancer patient is considered an arduous task, but it seems to be facilitated by the use of the empathic approach. Indeed, doctors who are trained to adhere to a cancer patient informing protocol argue that the hardest step to take is the empathic approach. The usual questions asked are: To tell the diagnosis or not? How much information should we give? Should the patient know or has the right not to know? Is it possible to determine who should say, what, when, and how. The aim of this article was to describe the avoidant character or type of personality, so that any physician can make a diagnosis and tailor the information strategy to the patient's needs. As method of research was used the qualitative method through groups with doctors and nurses, while research within groups lasted for 5 years. The degree of informing the avoidant personality in the range "minimal - small - medium - large - very large" is : The degree of denial varies between "small" and "medium", while the degree of informing varies between "medium" and "small" in order to reach "large" later. Informing the family: The patient reacts to a common approach with the family as he is concerned about inflicting a blow to his image.

  16. Interoperability of electronic health records and personal health records: key interoperability issues associated with information exchange.

    PubMed

    Pringle, Simone; Lippitt, Alex

    2009-01-01

    As patients receive medical care, their clinical history may be tracked and recorded by multiple electronic systems developed by independent vendors. Medical providers might use electronic health record (EHR) software tailored to the needs of trained medical personnel, whereas patients may interact with personal health records (PHR). The purpose of this essay is to identify the key interoperability issues associated with the information exchange between these two types of systems and offer an approach for enhancing interoperability. This article is part of a series of unpublished essays titled A Community View on How Personal Health Records Can Improve Patient Care and Outcomes in Many Healthcare Settings, a collaborative project of Northern Illinois Physicians For Connectivity and the Coalition for Quality and Patient Safety of Chicagoland. For further information on how you can obtain copies of the complete work, contact the principle Dr. Stasia Kahn at Stash5@sbcglobal.net.

  17. Differentiating impulsive and premeditated aggression: self and informant perspectives among adolescents with personality pathology.

    PubMed

    Gauthier, Kris J; Furr, R Michael; Mathias, Charles W; Marsh-Richard, Dawn M; Dougherty, Donald M

    2009-02-01

    Previous research has articulated the conceptual differentiation of impulsive and premeditated aggression. Little, if any, of this research has examined personological differences among adolescents with aggression-oriented pathology, and little, if any, has examined both self and informant perspectives. The current study examined such differentiation within a Conduct Disorder population in which normal and pathological personality characteristics were examined via self- and informant-report. Results indicated the two forms of aggression were independent: high impulsive aggression was associated with high Neuroticism, but high premeditated aggression was associated with low Agreeableness and high Extraversion. Overall, adolescents high in impulsive aggression had a pattern of personality characteristics that are seen as socially-detached and emotionally volatile. In contrast, adolescents high in premeditated aggression had a pattern of characteristics seen as egocentric and socially-engaged but without concern for others. The results have implications for the social and motivational mechanisms producing the two forms of aggression.

  18. Distributed personal health information management system for dermatology at the homes for senior citizens.

    PubMed

    Lavanya, J; Goh, K W; Leow, Y H; Chio, M T W; Prabaharan, K; Kim, E; Kim, Y; Soh, C B

    2006-01-01

    A distributed personal health information management system (D-PHIMS) has been tested at a nursing home for the senior citizens (NHSC) in Singapore. The personal health information management system (PHIMS) from the University of Washington was customized to Singapore's context for teledermatology. A clinical trial commenced in October 2005 is ongoing and the survey results obtained indicate that the participants are satisfied with the D-PHIMS system. The diagnosis and treatment recommendations made by the dermatologists using the D-PHIMS diagnosis module were effective in most cases based on feedback from the nursing staff at the elderly nursing home. The results suggest that a teledermatology system could become a useful tool for the nursing homes and to control increasing healthcare costs for elderly care.

  19. Children's impressions of other persons: the effects of temporal separation of behavioral information.

    PubMed

    Rholes, W S; Ruble, D N

    1986-08-01

    The study addresses the role of developmental differences in the use of behavioral information that is acquired at different points in time in the person perception/attribution process. The topic of temporal separations was considered to be potentially important because of the possibility that age differences in information use might at least partially explain developmental differences in children's conceptualizations of personality traits and abilities and more generally, because integration over time is an aspect of naturalistic perception processes that has not been widely studied from a developmental perspective. The result of the study supported the general hypothesis that younger and older children respond differently to temporally distributed patterns of behavior. Specifically, it was found that younger children use behavioral information that was observed in the past primarily when an actor's immediate behavior conflicts with stereotypical expectations for behavior. When there is no conflict, younger children seem to use only an actor's current, immediate behavior when forming an impression. The implications of this finding for the maintenance of the stereotypical beliefs and expectations regarding persons are discussed along with the implications for children's understanding of psychological dispositions.

  20. Informing cancer patient based on his type of personality: the suspicious (paranoid) patient.

    PubMed

    Kallergis, G

    2013-01-01

    Imparting bad news had always been an unpleasant task for the physician, as shown from ancient years to our days. In the healthcare sector and as far as the cancer patient is concerned, the imparting of bad news is performed by the patient's doctor within a therapeutic relationship of course. The fundamental question is how a therapist could tailor the information to any patient and if "Is it possible to determine who should be told what, when and how ?". The aim of this paper was to describe the suspicious character or type of personality thoroughly so that any physician can make a diagnosis and tailor the information strategy to the patient's needs. As method of research was used the qualitative method through groups with doctors and nurses, while research within groups lasted for 5 years. The degree of informing of the suspicious personality in the range "minimal - small - medium - large - very large" is : the degree of denial varies between large and very large. The degree of informing varies between medium and small and sometimes minimal. Informing the Family: The hardest family to deal with. Pay attention to litigious mania. Avoid confrontation or be drawn into agreeing with the family views.

  1. Principles of Pesticide Use, Handling, and Application: Instructional Modules for Vocational Agriculture Education. Student Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis Associates, Inc., College Park, MD.

    This training package is designed to present the basic principles of pesticide use, handling, and application. Included in this package is information on federal laws and regulations, personal safety, environmental implications, storage and disposal considerations, proper application procedures, and fundamentals of pest management. Successful…

  2. Principles of Pesticide Use, Handling, and Application: Instructional Modules for Vocational Agriculture Education. Teacher Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis Associates, Inc., College Park, MD.

    The training package is designed to present the basic principles of pesticide use, handling, and application. Included in this package is information on Federal laws and regulations, personal safety, environmental implications, storage and disposal considerations, proper application procedures, and fundamentals of pest management. Successful…

  3. Consumer Opinions of Health Information Exchange, e-Prescribing, and Personal Health Records

    PubMed Central

    Cochran, Gary L.; Lander, Lina; Morien, Marsha; Lomelin, Daniel E.; Brittin, Jeri; Reker, Celeste; Klepser, Donald G.

    2015-01-01

    Background Consumer satisfaction is a crucial component of health information technology (HIT) utilization, as high satisfaction is expected to increase HIT utilization among providers and to allow consumers to become full participants in their own healthcare management. Objective The primary objective of this pilot study was to identify consumer perspectives on health information technologies including health information exchange (HIE), e-prescribing (e-Rx), and personal health records (PHRs). Methods Eight focus groups were conducted in seven towns and cities across Nebraska in 2013. Each group consisted of 10–12 participants. Discussions were organized topically in the following categories: HIE, e-Rx, and PHR. The qualitative analysis consisted of immersion and crystallization to develop a coding scheme that included both preconceived and emergent themes. Common themes across focus groups were identified and compiled for each discussion category. Results The study had 67 participants, of which 18 (27 percent) were male. Focus group findings revealed both perceived barriers and benefits to the adoption of HIT. Common HIT concerns expressed across focus groups included privacy and security of medical information, decreases in quality of care, inconsistent provider participation, and the potential cost of implementation. Positive expectations regarding HIT included better accuracy and completeness of information, and improved communication and coordination between healthcare providers. Improvements in patient care were expected as a result of easy physician access to consolidated information across providers as well as the speed of sharing and availability of information in an emergency. In addition, participants were optimistic about patient empowerment and convenient access to and control of personal health data. Conclusion Consumer concerns focused on privacy and security of the health information, as well as the cost of implementing the technologies and the

  4. The occipital place area represents first-person perspective motion information through scenes.

    PubMed

    Kamps, Frederik S; Lall, Vishal; Dilks, Daniel D

    2016-10-01

    Neuroimaging studies have identified multiple scene-selective regions in human cortex, but the precise role each region plays in scene processing is not yet clear. It was recently hypothesized that two regions, the occipital place area (OPA) and the retrosplenial complex (RSC), play a direct role in navigation, while a third region, the parahippocampal place area (PPA), does not. Some evidence suggests a further division of labor even among regions involved in navigation: While RSC is thought to support navigation through the broader environment, OPA may be involved in navigation through the immediately visible environment, although this role for OPA has never been tested. Here we predict that OPA represents first-person perspective motion information through scenes, a critical cue for such "visually-guided navigation", consistent with the hypothesized role for OPA. Response magnitudes were measured in OPA (as well as RSC and PPA) to i) video clips of first-person perspective motion through scenes ("Dynamic Scenes"), and ii) static images taken from these same movies, rearranged such that first-person perspective motion could not be inferred ("Static Scenes"). As predicted, OPA responded significantly more to the Dynamic than Static Scenes, relative to both RSC and PPA. The selective response in OPA to Dynamic Scenes was not due to domain-general motion sensitivity or to low-level information inherited from early visual regions. Taken together, these findings suggest the novel hypothesis that OPA may support visually-guided navigation, insofar as first-person perspective motion information is useful for such navigation, while RSC and PPA support other aspects of navigation and scene recognition.

  5. Schizophrenia as split personality/Jekyll and Hyde: the origins of the informal usage in the English language.

    PubMed

    McNally, Kieran

    2007-01-01

    The entry into the English language of the informal usage of schizophrenia as split personality/Jekyll and Hyde is traced and commented upon. The metaphor of split personality is followed from Eugene Bleuler via his translators and the wider psychiatric community into the present day. It, and to a lesser extent the Jekyll-Hyde personality, is found to be as much a product of the psychological professions as a product of lay misinterpretation. The informal definition of schizophrenia as split personality has outlived the scientific theory with which it was initially associated.

  6. Use of Patient Portals for Personal Health Information Management: The Older Adult Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Turner, Anne M.; Osterhage, Katie; Hartzler, Andrea; Joe, Jonathan; Lin, Lorelei; Kanagat, Natasha; Demiris, George

    2015-01-01

    The personal health information management (PHIM) practices and needs of older adults are poorly understood. We describe initial results from the UW SOARING project (Studying Older Adults & Researching Information Needs and Goals), a participatory design investigation of PHIM in older adults (60 years and older). We conducted in-depth interviews with older adults (n=74) living in a variety of residential settings about their management of personal health information. A surprising 20% of participants report using patient portals and another 16% reported prior use or anticipated use of portals in the future. Participants cite ease of access to health information and direct communication with providers as valuable portal features. Barriers to the use of patient portals include a general lack of computer proficiency, high internet costs and security concerns. Design features based on consideration of needs and practices of older adults will facilitate appeal and maximize usability; both are elements critical to adoption of tools such as patient portals that can support older adults and PHIM. PMID:26958263

  7. Informing cancer patient in relation to his type of personality: the controlling-orderly (obsessive) patient.

    PubMed

    Kallergis, G

    2010-01-01

    The questions "Do you tell the diagnosis or not? How much information do you reveal? Who do you inform about the diagnosis and/or what do you tell" are very frequent during scientific discussions. Must the patients know or do they also have the right not to know? Is it possible to determine who should be told what, when and how? Is it possible individualizing the informing of a cancer patient according to his character or type of personality? The aim of this paper was to describe the Controlling- Orderly (C-O) character, so any therapist can build up an information strategy to cancer patients. This study took place within the framework of Consulting- Liaison (C-L) psychiatry and included: 1) Training groups in which doctors and nurses participated. 2) The section of C-L Psychiatry of the Psychiatry Department. 3) The training activity in the framework of C-L Psychiatry. 4) The annual seminars of psychooncology for health professionals. How a doctor could use the characteristics of a C-O patient for an empathetic approach and correctly inform him. And how to approach his denial and family in order to tailor the information strategy. Understanding the personality type of C-O patient, his denial mechanisms and the dynamics within his family maximizes the therapist's empathetic approach towards the cancer patient. The therapist can respond at "what, when and how" about to break bad news. A therapist must take into account the main C-O patient characteristics (control and order), as well as the attributes or cognitions: the tendency to use reason, the mechanism of rationalization by which he exercises mental control that leads to doubt. The denial degree is small to minimal, while the degree of information is large to very large.

  8. Transportation and handling loads

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ostrem, F. E.

    1971-01-01

    Criteria and recommended practices are presented for the prediction and verification of transportation and handling loads for the space vehicle structure and for monitoring these loads during transportation and handling of the vehicle or major vehicle segments. Elements of the transportation and handling systems, and the forcing functions and associated loads are described. The forcing functions for common carriers and typical handling devices are assessed, and emphasis is given to the assessment of loads at the points where the space vehicle is supported during transportation and handling. Factors which must be considered when predicting the loads include the transportation and handling medium; type of handling fixture; transport vehicle speed; types of terrain; weather (changes in pressure of temperature, wind, etc.); and dynamics of the transportation modes or handling devices (acceleration, deceleration, and rotations of the transporter or handling device).

  9. [Information production by scientists and the history of science: typological study of personal archives].

    PubMed

    Silva, Maria Celina Soares de Mello E; Trancoso, Márcia Cristina Duarte

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses the study of document typology in the personal archives of scientists and its importance in the history of science studies and for the archivist's work. A brief history is presented of diplomatic to typological information, emphasizing that identifying document production activity as essential for its classification. The article illustrates personal archive characteristics as regards the diversity of documental types and, in particular, those belonging to physicists. Furthermore, it presents five examples of documental types found in the archives of physicists as examples of research in progress. It also highlights the elaboration of a glossary of different documental kinds and types found in the private archives of Museum of Astronomy and Related Sciences in Rio de Janeiro.

  10. An investigation of mediums who claim to give information about deceased persons.

    PubMed

    Kelly, Emily Williams; Arcangel, Dianne

    2011-01-01

    Growing public interest in the phenomenon of mediumship, particularly among bereaved persons, suggests the need for renewed controlled studies of mediums, both to provide potential clients with criteria for judging mediums and to help researchers learn whether they can produce specific and accurate information to which they have had no normal access and, if so, under what conditions. Two research studies were conducted in which mediums provided readings about particular deceased persons to a proxy sitter. The real sitters then blindly rated the reading that was intended for them along with several control readings. In the first study, the results were not significant. In the second, much larger study the results were highly significant (z = -3.89, p < 0.0001, 2-tailed). The authors discuss 2 possible weaknesses of the successful study and indicate some directions for further research.

  11. Informing and supporting partners and children of persons with aphasia: a comparison of supply and demand.

    PubMed

    Manders, Eric; Mariën, Annelies; Janssen, Vicky

    2011-12-01

    In this study we investigated how important significant others find it to be informed, supported, and trained by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and to what extent they perceive their expectations and needs as to these aspects to be fulfilled. Furthermore SLPs were asked about the importance of informing and supporting family members and as to how far they believe they provide adequate care in that field. A questionnaire was completed by 77 relatives of persons with aphasia, a parallel version by 132 SLPs. More than 50% of all aspects concerning information and support were considered as (very) important by family members and SLPs alike. Nevertheless family members felt that some of their needs indicated as important were insufficiently met by SLPs.

  12. Designing personable and informative job recruiting web sites: testing the effect of the design on attractiveness and intent to apply.

    PubMed

    Thoms, Peg; Chinn, Susan J; Goodrich, Jana; Howard, Gary

    2004-06-01

    To date, most of the limited research conducted about the efficacy of corporate job recruiting web sites has been either anecdotal or based on field surveys. In this study, the effects of using a photograph, a friendly text message, and a list of job tasks in job descriptions were measured on undergraduates' ratings of the Personableness and Informativeness of recruiting web sites. In addition, the relationships between ratings of Personableness and Informativeness on perceptions of organizational Attractiveness and Intent to Apply were tested. Use of a photograph increased ratings of both Personableness and Informativeness. Additional results are provided and directions for research suggested.

  13. 7 CFR 1221.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.11 Handle. Handle means to engage in the receiving or acquiring of sorghum and in the shipment (except as a common...

  14. 7 CFR 1221.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.11 Handle. Handle means to engage in the receiving or acquiring of sorghum and in the shipment (except as a common...

  15. 7 CFR 1221.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.11 Handle. Handle means to engage in the receiving or acquiring of sorghum and in the shipment (except as a common...

  16. 7 CFR 1221.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.11 Handle. Handle means to engage in the receiving or acquiring of sorghum and in the shipment (except as a common...

  17. 7 CFR 1221.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.11 Handle. Handle means to engage in the receiving or acquiring of sorghum and in the shipment (except as a common...

  18. 7 CFR 1216.12 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1216.12 Handle. Handle means... peanuts and in the shipment (except as a common or contract carrier of peanuts owned by another) or...

  19. 7 CFR 1216.12 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1216.12 Handle. Handle means... peanuts and in the shipment (except as a common or contract carrier of peanuts owned by another) or...

  20. 7 CFR 1216.12 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1216.12 Handle. Handle means... peanuts and in the shipment (except as a common or contract carrier of peanuts owned by another) or...

  1. 7 CFR 1216.12 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1216.12 Handle. Handle means... peanuts and in the shipment (except as a common or contract carrier of peanuts owned by another) or...

  2. 7 CFR 1216.12 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1216.12 Handle. Handle means... peanuts and in the shipment (except as a common or contract carrier of peanuts owned by another) or...

  3. 7 CFR 1219.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1219.11 Handle. Handle means to pack, process, transport, purchase, or in any other way to place or cause Hass...

  4. 7 CFR 1219.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1219.11 Handle. Handle means to pack, process, transport, purchase, or in any other way to place or cause Hass...

  5. 7 CFR 1219.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1219.11 Handle. Handle means to pack, process, transport, purchase, or in any other way to place or cause Hass...

  6. 7 CFR 1219.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1219.11 Handle. Handle means to pack, process, transport, purchase, or in any other way to place or cause Hass...

  7. 7 CFR 1219.11 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1219.11 Handle. Handle means to pack, process, transport, purchase, or in any other way to place or cause Hass...

  8. 9 CFR 3.41 - Handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Pigs and Hamsters Transportation Standards § 3.41 Handling. (a) Any person who is subject to the Animal Welfare regulations and who moves live guinea pigs or hamsters from an animal holding area of a terminal... person subject to the Animal Welfare Act and holding any live guinea pig or hamster in an animal...

  9. 9 CFR 3.41 - Handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Pigs and Hamsters Transportation Standards § 3.41 Handling. (a) Any person who is subject to the Animal Welfare regulations and who moves live guinea pigs or hamsters from an animal holding area of a terminal... person subject to the Animal Welfare Act and holding any live guinea pig or hamster in an animal...

  10. Social information and personal interests modulate neural activity during economic decision-making

    PubMed Central

    Moser, Anna; Gaertig, Celia; Ruz, María

    2014-01-01

    In the present study we employed electrophysiological recordings to investigate the levels of processing at which positive and negative descriptions of other people bias social decision-making in a game in which participants accepted or rejected economic offers. Besides social information, we manipulated the fairness of the assets distribution, whether offers were advantageous or not for the participant and the uncertainty of the game context. Results show that a negative description of the interaction partner enhanced the medial frontal negativity (MFN) in an additive manner with fairness evaluations. The description of the partner interacted with personal benefit considerations, showing that this positive or negative information only biased the evaluation of offers when they did not favor the participant. P300 amplitudes were enhanced by advantageous offers, suggesting their heightened motivational significance at later stages of processing. Throughout all stages, neural activity was enhanced with certainty about the personal assignments of the split. These results provide new evidence on the importance of interpersonal information and considerations of self-interests relative to others in decision-making situations. PMID:24567708

  11. Between personal and relational privacy: understanding the work of informed consent in cancer genetics in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Goldim, José Roberto; Gibbon, Sahra

    2015-07-01

    Drawing from perspectives of both bioethics and anthropology, this article explores how the boundaries between personal and relational privacy are negotiated by patients and practitioners in the context of an emerging domain of cancer genetics in Brazil. It reflects on the place of informed consent in the history of bioethics in North America in contrast to the development of bioethics in Brazil and the particular social cultural context in which consent is sought in Brazilian public health care. Making use of empirical research with families and individuals receiving genetic counselling related to increased genetic risk for cancer, in genetic clinics in southern Brazil, it examines how informed consent is linked to the necessary movement between personal and relational privacy. The paper illustrates the value of a particular tool known as a 'sociogram' to examine the complex interpersonal dynamics that arise in negotiating informed consent at the interface between the family and the individual in Brazil. The paper, therefore, points to the scope of further interdisciplinary exchanges between anthropology and bioethics, confronting the new challenges that arise in the context of medical genetics in developing country.

  12. The information in third-person /s/: acquisition across dialects of American English.

    PubMed

    De Villiers, Jill G; Johnson, Valerie E

    2007-02-01

    The production of third-person /s/ on English verbs seems to be ahead of comprehension. Mainstream American English (MAE) is contrasted with African American English (AAE), in which /s/ is rarely supplied. Two studies explored what information children get solely from /s/ on the end of a verb. Sixty-five MAE- and 65 AAE-speaking four- to seven-year-olds participated in one of two experimental picture-choice comprehension studies. Neither group of four-year-olds could use the /s/ to determine if the event was generic rather than past tense on a verb (e.g. cuts/cut), or whether it was a verb or a noun compound as in The penguin dresses/The penguin dress. MAE-speakers do not use the information in third-person /s/ alone until age five, and not reliably until age six years. In keeping with AAE production, AAE-speaking children do not use the information in /s/ at all in this age range.

  13. Personal information of adolescents on the Internet: A quantitative content analysis of MySpace.

    PubMed

    Hinduja, Sameer; Patchin, Justin W

    2008-02-01

    Many youth have recently embraced online social networking sites such as MySpace (myspace.com) to meet their social and relational needs. While manifold benefits stem from participating in such web-based environments, the popular media has been quick to demonize MySpace even though an exponentially small proportion of its users have been victimized due to irresponsible or naive usage of the technology it affords. Major concerns revolve around the possibility of sexual predators and pedophiles finding and then assaulting adolescents who carelessly or unwittingly reveal identifiable information on their personal profile pages. The current study sought to empirically ascertain the type of information youth are publicly posting through an extensive content analysis of randomly sampled MySpace profile pages. Among other findings, 8.8% revealed their full name, 57% included a picture, 27.8% listed their school, and 0.3% provided their telephone number. When considered in its proper context, these results indicate that the problem of personal information disclosure on MySpace may not be as widespread as many assume, and that the overwhelming majority of adolescents are responsibly using the web site. Implications for Internet safety among adolescents and future research regarding adolescent Internet use are discussed.

  14. Diffusion of personal health information services: self-determining and empowering practices for Manitoba Inuit.

    PubMed

    Clark, Wayne Voisey

    2014-01-01

    This article highlights findings from research conducted with the Manitoba Urban Inuit Association with regard to culturally safe practices for communicating personal health information services related to a provincial integrated electronic health record. By applying a "two-eyed seeing research approach," which incorporates traditional and Western scientific perspectives, the author describes Inuit cultural considerations when communicating electronic health concepts with a vision of advancing toward program evaluation opportunities. The research is supported by two Inuit-driven focus groups, interviews with three jurisdictional representatives of electronic health program delivery agencies and one interview with an Inuk elder.

  15. 31 CFR Appendix A to Chapter V - Information Pertaining to the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List A Appendix A to Chapter V Money and Finance... OF THE TREASURY Ch. V, App. A Appendix A to Chapter V—Information Pertaining to the Specially... Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) maintains on its Web site a list of blocked persons,...

  16. 31 CFR Appendix A to Chapter V - Information Pertaining to the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List A Appendix A to Chapter V Money and Finance... OF THE TREASURY Ch. V, App. A Appendix A to Chapter V—Information Pertaining to the Specially... Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) maintains on its Web site a list of blocked persons,...

  17. Personality Symptoms and Self-Esteem as Correlates of Psychopathology in Child Psychiatric Patients: Evaluating Multiple Informant Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Pauw, Sarah S. W.; Mervielde, Ivan; De Clercq, Barbara J.; De Fruyt, Filip; Tremmery, Sabine; Deboutte, Dirk

    2009-01-01

    Research on adulthood posits personality and self-esteem as important predictors of psychopathology. In childhood, however, the study of these relationships is complicated by the lack of consensus on how to combine data from multiple informants of child behavior. This study evaluates the relationships among personality symptoms, self-esteem and…

  18. 30 CFR 77.1303 - Explosives, handling and use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Explosives, handling and use. 77.1303 Section... MINES Explosives and Blasting § 77.1303 Explosives, handling and use. (a) Persons who use or handle explosives or detonators shall be experienced men who understand the hazards involved; trainees shall do...

  19. 30 CFR 77.1303 - Explosives, handling and use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Explosives, handling and use. 77.1303 Section... MINES Explosives and Blasting § 77.1303 Explosives, handling and use. (a) Persons who use or handle explosives or detonators shall be experienced men who understand the hazards involved; trainees shall do...

  20. 30 CFR 77.1303 - Explosives, handling and use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Explosives, handling and use. 77.1303 Section... MINES Explosives and Blasting § 77.1303 Explosives, handling and use. (a) Persons who use or handle explosives or detonators shall be experienced men who understand the hazards involved; trainees shall do...

  1. 30 CFR 77.1303 - Explosives, handling and use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Explosives, handling and use. 77.1303 Section... MINES Explosives and Blasting § 77.1303 Explosives, handling and use. (a) Persons who use or handle explosives or detonators shall be experienced men who understand the hazards involved; trainees shall do...

  2. 30 CFR 77.1303 - Explosives, handling and use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Explosives, handling and use. 77.1303 Section... MINES Explosives and Blasting § 77.1303 Explosives, handling and use. (a) Persons who use or handle explosives or detonators shall be experienced men who understand the hazards involved; trainees shall do...

  3. 29 CFR 14.22 - Availability of classified information to persons not employed by the Department of Labor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Availability of classified information to persons not employed by the Department of Labor. 14.22 Section 14.22 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor SECURITY REGULATIONS Transmission of Classified Information § 14.22 Availability of classified information to...

  4. Guide to Information Resources: Programing for Persons with Handicapping Conditions Through Physical Education, Recreation and Related Disciplines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

    Presented is a guide to identifying and using the agencies and organizations that provide information resources relevant to recreation, physical education, and related areas for impaired, disabled, and handicapped persons. Resources listed in the guide are of two types: information systems and compiled sources. Information systems listed are…

  5. 29 CFR 14.22 - Availability of classified information to persons not employed by the Department of Labor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Availability of classified information to persons not employed by the Department of Labor. 14.22 Section 14.22 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor SECURITY REGULATIONS Transmission of Classified Information § 14.22 Availability of classified information to...

  6. 29 CFR 14.22 - Availability of classified information to persons not employed by the Department of Labor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Availability of classified information to persons not employed by the Department of Labor. 14.22 Section 14.22 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor SECURITY REGULATIONS Transmission of Classified Information § 14.22 Availability of classified information to...

  7. Evaluation and Information in the Field of Technical Aids for Disabled Persons: An European Perspective. Monograph Number Thirty-Five.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedotti, Antonio, Ed.; Andrich, Renzo, Ed.

    The monograph provides information on evaluation of technical aids, wheelchairs, and computerized information systems for disabled persons. The first chapter provides a general overview of actions of the European Community concerning technical aids evaluation, information on the "Concerted Action" program called "Evaluation of…

  8. 17 CFR 249.1310 - Form MA-I, for providing information regarding natural person municipal advisors, and for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 Forms for Registration of Municipal Advisors and for Providing Information... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Form MA-I, for providing information regarding natural person municipal advisors, and for amendments to such information....

  9. Privacy and Personal Information Held by Government: A Comparative Study, Japan and New Zealand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cullen, Rowena

    This chapter reports on the concepts of information privacy and trust in government among citizens in Japan and New Zealand in a transnational, crosscultural study. Data from both countries are presented, and cultural and other factors are sought that might explain differences in attitudes shown. In both countries, citizens display a range of views, not related to age or gender. New Zealand citizens express concern about information privacy in relation to information held by government, but show a higher level of trust in government overall, and most attribute breaches of privacy to incompetence, rather than deliberate malfeasance. Japanese citizens interviewed also indicated that they had major concerns about information privacy, and had considerably less trust in government than New Zealand respondents showed. They were more inclined to attribute breaches of privacy to lax behavior in individuals than government systems. In both countries citizens showed an awareness of the tradeoffs necessary between personal privacy and the needs of the state to hold information for the benefit of all citizens, but knew little about the protection offered by privacy legislation, and expressed overall concern about privacy practices in the modern state. The study also provides evidence of cultural differences that can be related to Hofstede's dimensions of culture.

  10. Change in the number of informal helpers of frail older persons.

    PubMed Central

    Miller, B; Furner, S E

    1994-01-01

    Little is known of the extent to which helper networks of frail older persons change over time and what factors are associated with change. Few national estimates of the scope of change exist to aid policy planners. This study provides national estimates of changes in the size of the informal helping network of frail elderly by sociodemographic and functional status subgroups of this segment of the population. The data are drawn from the 1982-84 National Long Term Care Survey, which included longitudinal followup of 4,530 respondents living in the community at both times. Bivariate patterns of change over 2 years in the number of informal helpers were analyzed. Sociodemographic factors (sex, age group, and race) of the frail elderly may be more important influences on change in the number of helpers than functional status expressed in terms of their limitations in activities of daily living. PMID:8041861

  11. 76 FR 25366 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Housing Opportunities for Persons...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-04

    ... for Persons With AIDS (HOPWA) Program: Competitive Grant Application; Annual Progress Report (APR) for...: Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS (HOPWA) Program: Competitive Grant Application;...

  12. Intergenerational transfers and informal care for disabled elderly persons in China: evidence from CHARLS.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xiaoting; Lu, Bei; Feng, Zhixin

    2017-03-09

    Aiming at 'ageing healthier and ageing better', a certain amount of high-quality informal care should be available for elderly persons with physical disability as formal care is barely accessible in China. The demographic transition and family structural changes have dramatically weakened traditional norms of filial piety and the structure of intergenerational transfers. This article employed nationwide representative data from the first wave (2011) of Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in order to identify the duration of informal care provision at home for frail elders (1122 in rural areas and 577 in urban areas, total 1699), measured in monthly hours, before estimating the associations between intergenerational transfers and the received time of informal care with Tobit Model analysis. Results showed that financial support from the younger generation was unexpectedly negatively associated with the monthly hours of care, implying a reduction of caring support along with increasing financial transfers towards older parents. The lack of informal care could not be compensated by having more children, co-residing with children, or increasing the parent-to-child/grandchild transfers. Spouses were shown to replace children as the major caregivers. In addition, the community-based long-term care system needs to be promoted to sustain and develop informal care, as the latter will become increasingly important with changing family dynamics. Finally, the received time of informal care, rather than the severity of physical disability measured by difficulty with ADLs or IADLs, was introduced to identify the actual demand for care by elders. The paper argues that it is important to reconceptualise and re-investigate the duration of care provision in the Chinese context in order to develop standards of payment as part of long-term care policies.

  13. Waiting on More than 64 Handles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    defined as 64, then some extra code must be written to deal with this. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Handle MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS...RESPONSIBLE PERSON Tom Nealis a. REPORT U b. ABSTRACT U c. THIS PAGE U 19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER (Include area code ) (973) 724-8048 Standard...one would wait on all the handles produced by spawning a thread for each group. The following sequence is the block of code /algorithm that was

  14. Sticking with the nice guy: trait warmth information impairs learning and modulates person perception brain network activity.

    PubMed

    Lee, Victoria K; Harris, Lasana T

    2014-12-01

    Social learning requires inferring social information about another person, as well as evaluating outcomes. Previous research shows that prior social information biases decision making and reduces reliance on striatal activity during learning (Delgado, Frank, & Phelps, Nature Neuroscience 8 (11): 1611-1618, 2005). A rich literature in social psychology on person perception demonstrates that people spontaneously infer social information when viewing another person (Fiske & Taylor, 2013) and engage a network of brain regions, including the medial prefrontal cortex, temporal parietal junction, superior temporal sulcus, and precuneus (Amodio & Frith, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7(4), 268-277, 2006; Haxby, Gobbini, & Montgomery, 2004; van Overwalle Human Brain Mapping, 30, 829-858, 2009). We investigate the role of these brain regions during social learning about well-established dimensions of person perception-trait warmth and trait competence. We test the hypothesis that activity in person perception brain regions interacts with learning structures during social learning. Participants play an investment game where they must choose an agent to invest on their behalf. This choice is guided by cues signaling trait warmth or trait competence based on framing of monetary returns. Trait warmth information impairs learning about human but not computer agents, while trait competence information produces similar learning rates for human and computer agents. We see increased activation to warmth information about human agents in person perception brain regions. Interestingly, activity in person perception brain regions during the decision phase negatively predicts activity in the striatum during feedback for trait competence inferences about humans. These results suggest that social learning may engage additional processing within person perception brain regions that hampers learning in economic contexts.

  15. Eyes wide open: the personal genome project, citizen science and veracity in informed consent

    PubMed Central

    Angrist, Misha

    2012-01-01

    I am a close observer of the Personal Genome Project (PGP) and one of the original ten participants. The PGP was originally conceived as a way to test novel DNA sequencing technologies on human samples and to begin to build a database of human genomes and traits. However, its founder, Harvard geneticist George Church, was concerned about the fact that DNA is the ultimate digital identifier – individuals and many of their traits can be identified. Therefore, he believed that promising participants privacy and confidentiality would be impractical and disingenuous. Moreover, deidentification of samples would impoverish both genotypic and phenotypic data. As a result, the PGP has arguably become best known for its unprecedented approach to informed consent. All participants must pass an exam testing their knowledge of genomic science and privacy issues and agree to forgo the privacy and confidentiality of their genomic data and personal health records. Church aims to scale up to 100,000 participants. This special report discusses the impetus for the project, its early history and its potential to have a lasting impact on the treatment of human subjects in biomedical research. PMID:22328898

  16. Eyes wide open: the personal genome project, citizen science and veracity in informed consent.

    PubMed

    Angrist, Misha

    2009-11-01

    I am a close observer of the Personal Genome Project (PGP) and one of the original ten participants. The PGP was originally conceived as a way to test novel DNA sequencing technologies on human samples and to begin to build a database of human genomes and traits. However, its founder, Harvard geneticist George Church, was concerned about the fact that DNA is the ultimate digital identifier - individuals and many of their traits can be identified. Therefore, he believed that promising participants privacy and confidentiality would be impractical and disingenuous. Moreover, deidentification of samples would impoverish both genotypic and phenotypic data. As a result, the PGP has arguably become best known for its unprecedented approach to informed consent. All participants must pass an exam testing their knowledge of genomic science and privacy issues and agree to forgo the privacy and confidentiality of their genomic data and personal health records. Church aims to scale up to 100,000 participants. This special report discusses the impetus for the project, its early history and its potential to have a lasting impact on the treatment of human subjects in biomedical research.

  17. An Examination of the Mediating Role of Person-Job Fit in Relations between Information Literacy and Work Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Chung-Kai; Hung, Chia-Hung

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate how information literacy can enhance job performance in the workplace setting. Design/methodology/approach: Building on extant research, an integrated framework in which information literacy is related to person-job fit which in turn influences job performance is proposed. A survey questionnaire…

  18. 20 CFR 401.105 - Disclosure of personal information without the consent of the subject of the record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...-wide systems of records, these records are subject to OPM's rules on access and disclosure at 5 CFR... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Disclosure of personal information without... ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY AND DISCLOSURE OF OFFICIAL RECORDS AND INFORMATION Disclosure of Official Records...

  19. 41 CFR 105-64.104 - What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Responsibilities § 105-64.104 What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information? When soliciting information from you or a third party for a system of records, system managers must: Cite the... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What must the...

  20. 41 CFR 105-64.104 - What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Responsibilities § 105-64.104 What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information? When soliciting information from you or a third party for a system of records, system managers must: Cite the... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What must the...

  1. 41 CFR 105-64.104 - What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Responsibilities § 105-64.104 What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information? When soliciting information from you or a third party for a system of records, system managers must: Cite the... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What must the...

  2. 41 CFR 105-64.104 - What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Responsibilities § 105-64.104 What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information? When soliciting information from you or a third party for a system of records, system managers must: Cite the... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What must the...

  3. 41 CFR 105-64.104 - What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Responsibilities § 105-64.104 What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information? When soliciting information from you or a third party for a system of records, system managers must: Cite the... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What must the...

  4. 17 CFR 240.15Ba1-2 - Registration of municipal advisors and information regarding certain natural persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Affiliated Securities Associations § 240.15Ba1-2 Registration of municipal advisors and information regarding... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Registration of municipal advisors and information regarding certain natural persons. 240.15Ba1-2 Section 240.15Ba1-2 Commodity...

  5. Effects of personalized colorectal cancer risk information on laypersons’ interest in colorectal cancer screening: the importance of individual differences

    PubMed Central

    Han, Paul K.J.; Duarte, Christine W.; Daggett, Susannah; Siewers, Andrea; Killam, Bill; Smith, Kahsi A.; Freedman, Andrew N.

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate how personalized quantitative colorectal cancer (CRC) risk information affects laypersons’ interest in CRC screening, and to explore factors influencing these effects. Methods An online pre-post experiment was conducted in which a convenience sample (N=578) of laypersons, aged >50, were provided quantitative personalized estimates of lifetime CRC risk, calculated by the National Cancer Institute Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment Tool (CCRAT). Self-reported interest in CRC screening was measured immediately before and after CCRAT use; sociodemographic characteristics and prior CRC screening history were also assessed. Multivariable analyses assessed participants’ change in interest in screening, and subgroup differences in this change. Results Personalized CRC risk information had no overall effect on CRC screening interest, but significant subgroup differences were observed. Change in screening interest was greater among individuals with recent screening (p=.015), higher model-estimated cancer risk (p=.0002), and lower baseline interest (p<.0001), with individuals at highest baseline interest demonstrating negative (not neutral) change in interest. Conclusion Effects of quantitative personalized CRC risk information on laypersons’ interest in CRC screening differ among individuals depending on prior screening history, estimated cancer risk, and baseline screening interest. Practice implications Personalized cancer risk information has personalized effects—increasing and decreasing screening interest in different individuals. PMID:26227576

  6. Development of personal pollen information—the next generation of pollen information and a step forward for hay fever sufferers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kmenta, Maximilian; Bastl, Katharina; Jäger, Siegfried; Berger, Uwe

    2014-10-01

    Pollen allergies affect a large part of the European population and are considered likely to increase. User feedback indicates that there are difficulties in providing proper information and valid forecasts using traditional methods of aerobiology due to a variety of factors. Allergen content, pollen loads, and pollen allergy symptoms vary per region and year. The first steps in challenging such issues have already been undertaken. A personalized pollen-related symptom forecast is thought to be a possible answer. However, attempts made thus far have not led to an improvement in daily forecasting procedures. This study describes a model that was launched in 2013 in Austria to provide the first available personal pollen information. This system includes innovative forecast models using bi-hourly pollen data, traditional pollen forecasts based on historical data, meteorological data, and recent symptom data from the patient's hayfever diary. Furthermore, it calculates the personal symptom load in real time, in particular, the entries of the previous 5 days, to classify users. The personal pollen information was made available in Austria on the Austrian pollen information website and via a mobile pollen application, described herein for the first time. It is supposed that the inclusion of personal symptoms will lead to major improvements in pollen information concerning hay fever sufferers.

  7. Rapid access to information resources in clinical biochemistry: medical applications of Personal Digital Assistants (PDA).

    PubMed

    Serdar, Muhittin A; Turan, Mustafa; Cihan, Murat

    2008-06-01

    Laboratory specialists currently need to access scientific-based information at anytime and anywhere. A considerable period of time and too much effort are required to access this information through existing accumulated data. Personal digital assistants (PDA) are supposed to provide an effective solution with commercial software for this problem. In this study, 11 commercial software products (UpToDate, ePocrates, Inforetrive, Pepid, eMedicine, FIRST Consult, and 5 laboratory e-books released by Skyscape and/or Isilo) were selected and the benefits of their use were evaluated by seven laboratory specialists. The assessment of the software was performed based on the number of the tests included, the software content of detailed information for each test-like process, method, interpretation of results, reference ranges, critical values, interferences, equations, pathophysiology, supplementary technical details such as sample collection principles, and additional information such as linked references, evidence-based data, test cost, etc. In terms of technique, the following items are considered: the amount of memory required to run the software, the graphical user interface, which is a user-friendly instrument, and the frequency of new and/or up-date releases. There is still no perfect program, as we have anticipated. Interpretation of laboratory results may require software with an integrated program. However, methodological data are mostly not included in the software evaluated. It seems that these shortcomings will be fixed in the near future, and PDAs and relevant medical applications will also become indispensable for all physicians including laboratory specialists in the field of training/education and in patient care.

  8. Towards a personalized environmental health information service using low-cost sensors and crowdsourcing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castell, Nuria; Liu, Hai-Ying; Schneider, Philipp; Cole-Hunter, Tom; Lahoz, William; Bartonova, Alena

    2015-04-01

    Most European cities exceed the air quality guidelines established by the WHO to protect human health. As such, citizens are exposed to potentially harmful pollutant levels. Some cities have services (e.g., web pages, mobile apps, etc.) which provide timely air quality information to the public. However, air quality data at individual level is currently scarce or non-existent. Making this information directly useful to individuals poses a challenge. For instance, if a user is informed that the air quality is "poor", what does that mean for him/her, and how can this information be acted upon? Despite individuals having a unique relationship with their environment, the information on the state of atmospheric components and related hazards is currently mostly generic, and seldom personally relevant. This undermines citizens' interest in their environment, and consequently limits their ability to recognize and change both their contribution and their exposure to air pollution. In Oslo, two EU founded projects, CITI-SENSE (Engelken-Jorge et al., 2014) and Citi-Sense-MOB (Castell et al., 2014), are trying to establish a dialogue with citizens by providing them with the possibility of getting personalized air quality information on their smartphones. The users are able to check the air quality in their immediate surroundings and track their individual exposure while moving through the urban environment (Castell et al., 2014). In this way, they may be able to reduce their exposure such as by changing transport modes or routes, for example by selecting less polluted streets to walk or cycle through. Using a smartphone application, citizens are engaged in collecting and sharing environmental data generated by low-cost air quality sensors, and in reporting their individual perception (turning citizens into sensors themselves). The highly spatially resolved data on air quality and perception is geo-located. This allows for simultaneous visualization of both kinds of the sensor

  9. EPPS: Efficient and Privacy-Preserving Personal Health Information Sharing in Mobile Healthcare Social Networks.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Shunrong; Zhu, Xiaoyan; Wang, Liangmin

    2015-09-03

    Mobile healthcare social networks (MHSNs) have emerged as a promising next-generation healthcare system, which will significantly improve the quality of life. However, there are many security and privacy concerns before personal health information (PHI) is shared with other parities. To ensure patients' full control over their PHI, we propose a fine-grained and scalable data access control scheme based on attribute-based encryption (ABE). Besides, policies themselves for PHI sharing may be sensitive and may reveal information about underlying PHI or about data owners or recipients. In our scheme, we let each attribute contain an attribute name and its value and adopt the Bloom filter to efficiently check attributes before decryption. Thus, the data privacy and policy privacy can be preserved in our proposed scheme. Moreover, considering the fact that the computational cost grows with the complexity of the access policy and the limitation of the resource and energy in a smart phone, we outsource ABE decryption to the cloud while preventing the cloud from learning anything about the content and access policy. The security and performance analysis is carried out to demonstrate that our proposed scheme can achieve fine-grained access policies for PHI sharing in MHSNs.

  10. EPPS: Efficient and Privacy-Preserving Personal Health Information Sharing in Mobile Healthcare Social Networks

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Shunrong; Zhu, Xiaoyan; Wang, Liangmin

    2015-01-01

    Mobile healthcare social networks (MHSNs) have emerged as a promising next-generation healthcare system, which will significantly improve the quality of life. However, there are many security and privacy concerns before personal health information (PHI) is shared with other parities. To ensure patients’ full control over their PHI, we propose a fine-grained and scalable data access control scheme based on attribute-based encryption (ABE). Besides, policies themselves for PHI sharing may be sensitive and may reveal information about underlying PHI or about data owners or recipients. In our scheme, we let each attribute contain an attribute name and its value and adopt the Bloom filter to efficiently check attributes before decryption. Thus, the data privacy and policy privacy can be preserved in our proposed scheme. Moreover, considering the fact that the computational cost grows with the complexity of the access policy and the limitation of the resource and energy in a smart phone, we outsource ABE decryption to the cloud while preventing the cloud from learning anything about the content and access policy. The security and performance analysis is carried out to demonstrate that our proposed scheme can achieve fine-grained access policies for PHI sharing in MHSNs. PMID:26404300

  11. Application of Information Visualization Techniques in Representing Patients' Temporal Personal History Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noah, Shahrul Azman; Yaakob, Suraya; Shahar, Suzana

    The anthropometries and nutrients records of patients are usually vast in quantity, complex and exhibit temporal features. Therefore, the information acceptance among users will become blur and give cognitive burden if such data is not displayed using effective techniques. The aim of this study is to apply, use and evaluate Information Visualization (IV) techniques for displaying the Personal History Data (PHD) of patients for dietitians during counseling sessions. Since PHD values change consistently with the counseling session, our implementation mainly focused on quantitative temporal data such as Body Mass Index (BMI), blood pressure and blood glucose readings. This data is mapped into orientation circle type of visual representation, whereas data about medicinal and supplement intake are mapped into timeline segment which is based on the thickness of lines as well as the colors. A usability testing has been conducted among dietitians at Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, UKM. The result of the testing has shown that the use of visual representations capable of summarising complex data which ease the dietitian task of checking the PHD.

  12. Examining the Role of Anxiety and Apathy in Health Consumers' Intentions to Use Patient Health Portals for Personal Health Information Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Carlos A.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated college students' attitudes toward and intentions to use personal health portals (PHPs) for managing their personal health information using a survey method. The study also aimed to examine the roles electronic Personal Health Information Management (PHIM) anxiety and apathy play in influencing students' attitudes toward…

  13. Data Handling and Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tresidder, Gwen

    2006-01-01

    When marking GCSE data handling coursework, the author was repeatedly reminded just how poor the level of statistical understanding is among students. In response to a feeling that the teaching of handling data topics was limited, the author and her colleague designed a project with Y8 students to try to teach statistics for a deeper…

  14. 78 FR 38682 - Information Collection; Application for Payment of Amounts Due Persons Who Have Died, Disappeared...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-27

    ...; Application for Payment of Amounts Due Persons Who Have Died, Disappeared, or Have Been Declared Incompetent... Amounts Due Persons Who Have Died, Disappeared, or Have Been Declared Incompetent. OMB Control Number... declared incompetent must complete a form FSA-325, Application for Payment of Amounts Due Persons Who...

  15. 76 FR 27377 - Additional Identifying Information Associated With Persons Whose Property and Interests in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ..., ``Blocking Property of Certain Persons With Respect to Human Rights Abuses in Syria'' AGENCY: Office of... Property of Certain Persons with Respect to Human Rights Abuses in Syria,'' whose property and interests in... Property of Certain Persons with Respect to Human Rights Abuses in Syria,'' (the ``Order'') pursuant...

  16. Genomic research and data-mining technology: implications for personal privacy and informed consent.

    PubMed

    Tavani, Herman T

    2004-01-01

    This essay examines issues involving personal privacy and informed consent that arise at the intersection of information and communication technology (ICT) and population genomics research. I begin by briefly examining the ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) program requirements that were established to guide researchers working on the Human Genome Project (HGP). Next I consider a case illustration involving deCODE Genetics, a privately owned genetic company in Iceland, which raises some ethical concerns that are not clearly addressed in the current ELSI guidelines. The deCODE case also illustrates some ways in which an ICT technique known as data mining has both aided and posed special challenges for researchers working in the field of population genomics. On the one hand, data-mining tools have greatly assisted researchers in mapping the human genome and in identifying certain "disease genes" common in specific populations (which, in turn, has accelerated the process of finding cures for diseases tha affect those populations). On the other hand, this technology has significantly threatened the privacy of research subjects participating in population genomics studies, who may, unwittingly, contribute to the construction of new groups (based on arbitrary and non-obvious patterns and statistical correlations) that put those subjects at risk for discrimination and stigmatization. In the final section of this paper I examine some ways in which the use of data mining in the context of population genomics research poses a critical challenge for the principle of informed consent, which traditionally has played a central role in protecting the privacy interests of research subjects participating in epidemiological studies.

  17. Multiple personality in the human information-processor: a case history and theoretical formulation.

    PubMed

    Andorfer, J C

    1985-05-01

    A case of multiple personality is presented, which details the roles of the "executive" and "destabilizer" personalities in the functioning of the overall system, and in treatment. A neo-associationist model of personality, affect and cognition, previously presented by the author (Andorfer, 1980) and applied to schizophrenia (Andorfer, 1984), is here extended to multiple personality. This model is used to account for the mechanisms and clinical phenomena of dissociation and reintegration and the role of the "executive" personality in each. Strategies for treatment are recommended.

  18. Manifestations of personality in Online Social Networks: self-reported Facebook-related behaviors and observable profile information.

    PubMed

    Gosling, Samuel D; Augustine, Adam A; Vazire, Simine; Holtzman, Nicholas; Gaddis, Sam

    2011-09-01

    Despite the enormous popularity of Online Social Networking sites (OSNs; e.g., Facebook and Myspace), little research in psychology has been done on them. Two studies examining how personality is reflected in OSNs revealed several connections between the Big Five personality traits and self-reported Facebook-related behaviors and observable profile information. For example, extraversion predicted not only frequency of Facebook usage (Study 1), but also engagement in the site, with extraverts (vs. introverts) showing traces of higher levels of Facebook activity (Study 2). As in offline contexts, extraverts seek out virtual social engagement, which leaves behind a behavioral residue in the form of friends lists and picture postings. Results suggest that, rather than escaping from or compensating for their offline personality, OSN users appear to extend their offline personalities into the domains of OSNs.

  19. Manifestations of Personality in Online Social Networks: Self-Reported Facebook-Related Behaviors and Observable Profile Information

    PubMed Central

    Augustine, Adam A; Vazire, Simine; Holtzman, Nicholas; Gaddis, Sam

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Despite the enormous popularity of Online Social Networking sites (OSNs; e.g., Facebook and Myspace), little research in psychology has been done on them. Two studies examining how personality is reflected in OSNs revealed several connections between the Big Five personality traits and self-reported Facebook-related behaviors and observable profile information. For example, extraversion predicted not only frequency of Facebook usage (Study 1), but also engagement in the site, with extraverts (vs. introverts) showing traces of higher levels of Facebook activity (Study 2). As in offline contexts, extraverts seek out virtual social engagement, which leaves behind a behavioral residue in the form of friends lists and picture postings. Results suggest that, rather than escaping from or compensating for their offline personality, OSN users appear to extend their offline personalities into the domains of OSNs. PMID:21254929

  20. [Clinical Handling of Patients with Dissociative Disorders].

    PubMed

    Okano, Kenichiro

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the way informed psychiatrists are expected to handle dissociative patients in clinical situations, with a specific focus on dissociative identity disorders and dissociative fugue. On the initial interview with dissociative patients, information on their history of trauma and any nascent dissociative symptoms in their childhood should be carefully obtained. Their level of stress in their current life should also be assessed in order to understand their symptomatology, as well as to predict their future clinical course. A psychoeducational approach is crucial; it might be helpful to give information on dissociative disorder to these patients as well as their family members in order to promote their adherence to treatment. Regarding the symptomatology of dissociative disorders, detailed symptoms and the general clinical course are presented. It was stressed that dissociative identity disorder and dissociative fugue, the most high-profile dissociative disorders, are essentially different in their etiology and clinical presentation. Dissociative disorders are often confused with and misdiagnosed as psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia. Other conditions considered in terms of the differential diagnosis include borderline personality disorder as well as temporal lobe epilepsy. Lastly, the therapeutic approach to dissociative identity disorder is discussed. Each dissociative identity should be understood as potentially representing some traumatically stressful event in the past. The therapist should be careful not to excessively promote the creation or elaboration of any dissociative identities. Three stages are proposed in the individual psychotherapeutic process. In the initial stage, a secure environment and stabilization of symptoms should be sought. The second stage consists of aiding the "host" personality to make use of other more adaptive coping skills in their life. The third stage involves coaching as well as continuous awareness of

  1. CHR -- Character Handling Routines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charles, A. C.; Rees, P. C. T.; Chipperfield, A. J.; Jenness, T.

    This document describes the Character Handling Routine library, CHR, and its use. The CHR library augments the limited character handling facilities provided by the Fortran 77 standard. It offers a range of character handling facilities: from formatting Fortran data types into text strings and the reverse, to higher level functions such as wild card matching, string sorting, paragraph reformatting and justification. The library may be used simply for building text strings for interactive applications or as a basis for more complex text processing applications.

  2. Future of remote handling

    SciTech Connect

    Grisham, D.L.; Lambert, J.E.

    1986-01-01

    The field of remote handling started in the late 1940's and early 1950's with the invention of mechanical master-slave and electromechanical manipulators. That field now consists of three major divisions: (1) conventional remote handling in fixed facilities with shielding windows and mechanical manipulators; (2) large area remote handling using portable equipment, electric master-slave manipulators, and television for viewing; and (3) the field of robotics which is beginning to be applied to repetitive operations on toxic and dangerous materials. All three divisions will continue to develop and evolve over the next decade.

  3. The personalized reminder information and social management system (PRISM) trial: rationale, methods and baseline characteristics.

    PubMed

    Czaja, Sara J; Boot, Walter R; Charness, Neil; A Rogers, Wendy; Sharit, Joseph; Fisk, Arthur D; Lee, Chin Chin; Nair, Sankaran N

    2015-01-01

    Technology holds promise in terms of providing support to older adults. To date, there have been limited robust systematic efforts to evaluate the psychosocial benefits of technology for older people and identify factors that influence both the usability and uptake of technology systems. In response to these issues, we developed the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management System (PRISM), a software application designed for older adults to support social connectivity, memory, knowledge about topics, leisure activities and access to resources. This trail is evaluating the impact of access to the PRISM system on outcomes such as social isolation, social support and connectivity. This paper reports on the approach used to design the PRISM system, study design, methodology and baseline data for the trial. The trial is multi-site randomized field trial. PRISM is being compared to a Binder condition where participants received a binder that contained content similar to that found on PRISM. The sample includes 300 older adults, aged 65-98 years, who lived alone and at risk for being isolated. The primary outcome measures for the trial include indices of social isolation and support and well-being. Secondary outcomes measures include indices of computer proficiency, technology uptake and attitudes towards technology. Follow-up assessments occurred at 6 and 12 months post-randomization. The results of this study will yield important information about the potential value of technology for older adults. The study also demonstrates how a user-centered iterative design approach can be incorporated into the design and evaluation of an intervention protocol.

  4. The Personalized Reminder Information and Social Management System (PRISM) Trial: Rationale, Methods and Baseline Characteristics

    PubMed Central

    Czaja, Sara J.; Boot, Walter R.; Charness, Neil; Rogers, Wendy; Sharit, Joseph; Fisk, Arthur D.; Lee, Chin Chin; Nair, Sankaran N.

    2014-01-01

    Technology holds promise in terms of providing support to older adults. To date there have been limited robust systematic efforts to evaluate the psychosocial benefits of technology for older people and identify factors that influence both the usability and uptake of technology systems. In response to these issues we developed the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management System (PRISM), a software application designed for older adults to support social connectivity, memory, knowledge about topics, leisure activities and access to resources. This trail is evaluating the impact of access to the PRISM system on outcomes such as social isolation, social support and connectivity. This paper reports on the approach used to design the PRISM system, study design, methodology and baseline data for the trial. The trial is multi-site randomized field trial. PRISM is being compared to a Binder condition where participants received a binder that contained content similar to that found on PRISM. The sample includes 300 older adults, aged 65 – 98 years, who lived alone and at risk for being isolated. The primary outcome measures for the trial include indices of social isolation and support and well-being. Secondary outcomes measures include indices of computer proficiency, technology uptake and attitudes towards technology. Follow-up assessments occurred at 6 and 12 months post-randomization. The results of this study will yield important information about the potential value of technology for older adults. The study also demonstrates how a user-centered iterative design approach can be incorporated into the design and evaluation of an intervention protocol. PMID:25460342

  5. Use of tablet personal computers for sensitive patient-reported information.

    PubMed

    Dupont, Alexandra; Wheeler, Jane; Herndon, James E; Coan, April; Zafar, S Yousuf; Hood, Linda; Patwardhan, Meenal; Shaw, Heather S; Lyerly, H Kim; Abernethy, Amy P

    2009-01-01

    Notebook-style computers (e/Tablets) are increasingly replacing paper methods for collecting patient-reported information. Discrepancies in data between these methods have been found in oncology for sexuality-related questions. A study was performed to formulate hypotheses regarding causes for discrepant responses and to analyze whether electronic data collection adds value over paper-based methods when collecting data on sensitive topics. A total of 56 breast cancer patients visiting Duke Breast Clinic (North Carolina) participated by responding to 12 subscales of 5 survey instruments in electronic (e/Tablet) format and to a paper version of 1 of these surveys, at each visit. Twenty-one participants (38%) provided dissimilar responses on paper and electronic surveys to one item of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) Social Well-Being scale that asked patients to rate their satisfaction with their current sex life. Among these 21 patients were 8 patients who answered the question in the electronic environment, and 13 patients who answered both paper and electronic versions but with different responses. Eleven patients (29%) did not respond to the item on either e/Tablet or paper; 45 patients (80%) answered it on e/Tablet; and 37 patients (66%) responded on the paper version. The e/Tablet electronic system may provide a "safer" environment than paper questionnaires for cancer patients to answer private or highly personal questions on sensitive topics such as sexuality.

  6. Theory of mind deficits for processing counterfactual information in persons with chronic schizophrenia

    PubMed Central

    Kern, Robert S.; Green, Michael F.; Fiske, Alan P.; Kee, Kimmy S.; Lee, Junghee; Sergi, Mark J.; Horan, William P.; Subotnik, Kenneth L.; Sugar, Catherine A.; Nuechterlein, Keith H.

    2010-01-01

    Background Interpersonal communication problems are common among persons with schizophrenia and may be tied, in part, to deficits in theory of mind – the ability to accurately perceive the attitudes, beliefs, and intentions of others. Particular difficulties might be expected in the processing of counterfactual information such as sarcasm or lies. Method The present study included 50 schizophrenia or schizoaffective outpatients and 44 demographically comparable healthy adults who were administered Part III of The Awareness of Social Inferences Test (TASIT; a measure assessing comprehension of sarcasm vs. lies) as well as measures of positive and negative symptoms and community functioning. Results The TASIT data were analyzed using a 2 (group: patients vs. healthy adults) x 2 (condition: sarcasm vs. lie) repeated measures ANOVA. The results showed significant effects for group, condition, and the group x condition interaction. Compared to controls, patients performed significantly worse on sarcasm but not lie scenes. Within-group contrasts showed patients to perform significantly worse on sarcasm vs. lie scenes; controls performed comparably on both. In patients, performance on the TASIT showed a significant correlation with positive, but not negative symptoms. The group and interaction effects remained significant when rerun with a subset of patients with low level positive symptoms. The findings for a relationship between TASIT performance and community functioning were essentially negative. Conclusions The findings replicate a prior demonstration of difficulty in the comprehension of sarcasm using a different test, but are not consistent with previous studies showing global ToM deficits in schizophrenia. PMID:18694537

  7. Personal computer program and spreadsheet for calculating the coal mine roof rating (CMRR). Information circular/1994

    SciTech Connect

    Riefenberg, J.; Wuest, W.J.

    1994-01-01

    A family of personal computer programs that calculate the Coal Mine Roof Rating (CMRR) have been developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines. The CMRR, rock mass classification system, was recently developed by Bureau researchers to provide a link between the qualitative geologists' description of coal mine roof and the quantitive mine engineers' needs for mine design, roof support selection, and hazard detection. The program CMRR, is a user-friendly, interactive program into which raw field data are input, and a CMRR is calculated and output along with two graphic displays. The first graphic display is a plan view map with the roof ratings displayed on a color-coded scale, and the second display shows a stratigraphic section of the bolted roof interval and its resultant roof rating. In addition, a Lotus 1-2-3 worksheet, BOM-CMRR.WK3, has been developed for easy storage of field data. The worksheet also includes macros developed for calculation and storage of the CMRR. Production of summary reports for analysis of site-specific information are readily generated using Lotus. These programs help to facilitate the engineer in utilizing the CMRR in ground control studies.

  8. 7 CFR 945.341 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., chips, shoestrings, starch, and flour. It includes only that preparation of potatoes for market which... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN CERTAIN.... No person shall handle any lot of potatoes unless such potatoes meet the requirements of...

  9. 7 CFR 945.341 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., chips, shoestrings, starch, and flour. It includes only that preparation of potatoes for market which... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN CERTAIN.... No person shall handle any lot of potatoes unless such potatoes meet the requirements of...

  10. 7 CFR 945.341 - Handling regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., chips, shoestrings, starch, and flour. It includes only that preparation of potatoes for market which... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN CERTAIN.... No person shall handle any lot of potatoes unless such potatoes meet the requirements of...

  11. 7 CFR 993.13 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Handle. 993.13 Section 993.13 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and..., or ship (except as a carrier of prunes owned by another person), or in any other way to place...

  12. 9 CFR 3.19 - Handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Cats 1 Transportation Standards § 3.19 Handling. (a) Any person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations (9 CFR parts 1, 2, and 3) who moves (including loading and unloading) dogs or cats within, to, or... efficiently as possible and must provide the following during movement of the dog or cat: (1) Shelter...

  13. 9 CFR 3.19 - Handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Cats 1 Transportation Standards § 3.19 Handling. (a) Any person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations (9 CFR parts 1, 2, and 3) who moves (including loading and unloading) dogs or cats within, to, or... efficiently as possible and must provide the following during movement of the dog or cat: (1) Shelter...

  14. 9 CFR 3.19 - Handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Cats 1 Transportation Standards § 3.19 Handling. (a) Any person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations (9 CFR parts 1, 2, and 3) who moves (including loading and unloading) dogs or cats within, to, or... efficiently as possible and must provide the following during movement of the dog or cat: (1) Shelter...

  15. 9 CFR 3.19 - Handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Cats 1 Transportation Standards § 3.19 Handling. (a) Any person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations (9 CFR parts 1, 2, and 3) who moves (including loading and unloading) dogs or cats within, to, or... efficiently as possible and must provide the following during movement of the dog or cat: (1) Shelter...

  16. 9 CFR 3.19 - Handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Cats 1 Transportation Standards § 3.19 Handling. (a) Any person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations (9 CFR parts 1, 2, and 3) who moves (including loading and unloading) dogs or cats within, to, or... efficiently as possible and must provide the following during movement of the dog or cat: (1) Shelter...

  17. Seeing The World Through Rose-colored Glasses? Neglect of Consensus Information in Young Children's Personality Judgments

    PubMed Central

    Boseovski, Janet J.; Lee, Kang

    2010-01-01

    The present study examined the use of consensus information in early childhood. Ninety-six three- to six-year-olds watched a demonstration that depicted the positive or negative behavior of one or several actors toward a recipient (low vs. high consensus, respectively). Subsequently, participants made behavioral predictions and personality judgments about the actors and recipients. Participants viewed all story characters favorably and were reluctant to assign blame for negative outcomes, although the appropriate use of consensus information increased with age for behavioral predictions. These findings suggest that there is a positivity bias in young children's personality judgments even in the face of explicit contradictory behavioral evidence. Children's early `theory of personality' is apparently driven by a baseline assumption that people are nice. PMID:20930951

  18. Handling Pyrophoric Reagents

    SciTech Connect

    Alnajjar, Mikhail S.; Haynie, Todd O.

    2009-08-14

    Pyrophoric reagents are extremely hazardous. Special handling techniques are required to prevent contact with air and the resulting fire. This document provides several methods for working with pyrophoric reagents outside of an inert atmosphere.

  19. AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; Information and Procedural Guidelines for Providing Services to Persons with AIDS/HIV. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana State Dept. of Health and Environmental Sciences, Helena. Health Education Bureau.

    This volume consists of updated information to be inserted into a Montana AIDS Project manual on providing services to persons with acquired immune deficiency syndrome/human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS/HIV), originally published in December 1985. The updates are mainly statistics and terminology, along with the addition of several new sections.…

  20. Grow Your Personal Learning Network: New Technologies Can Keep You Connected and Help You Manage Information Overload

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warlick, David

    2009-01-01

    Personal learning networks (PLNs) are not new. People have long relied on their families, friends, colleagues, and acquaintances to supplement their knowledge about the world. But the times are changing. Information and communication technologies (ICT), including an ever-growing repertoire of open source applications, have freed content from the…

  1. 34 CFR 381.31 - What are the requirements pertaining to the protection, use, and release of personal information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROTECTION AND ADVOCACY OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS What Conditions Must Be Met After an... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true What are the requirements pertaining to the protection, use, and release of personal information? 381.31 Section 381.31 Education Regulations of the...

  2. HIV testing among teens attending therapeutic schools: Having a personal source of information about HIV/AIDS matters!

    PubMed Central

    Swenson, Rebecca R.; Houck, Christopher; Sarfati, David; Emerson, Erin; Donenberg, Geri; Brown, Larry K.

    2015-01-01

    Being informed and using positive coping strategies are associated with engaging in health-promoting behaviors. We assessed whether the type of information source about HIV (personal or impersonal) and coping strategies (optimism, avoidance, or emotion-focused) are associated with HIV testing among adolescents attending therapeutic schools. Participants were 417 adolescents, ages 13 to 19, who attended one of 20 therapeutic day schools for emotionally/behaviorally disordered youth in two U.S. cities (Providence, RI and Chicago, IL) and completed a baseline assessment for an HIV prevention study. Among adolescents in the study, 29% reported having been tested for HIV. Adolescents were more likely to have been tested if they were older, female, Hispanic, identified as non-heterosexual, came from lower SES households, and had recently had unprotected sex. Additionally, youth who endorsed greater use of optimistic thinking and emotion-focused coping, and who reported having been informed about HIV by more personal sources, were also more likely to have been tested for HIV. In a multivariate analysis, having had recent unprotected sex and having more personal sources of information about HIV/AIDS were independently associated with HIV testing. Study findings suggest that, controlling for sociodemographic background, sexual risk behavior, and coping strategy, HIV testing among adolescents with emotional and behavioral problems may be increased when adolescents learn about HIV/AIDS from personal sources such as their healthcare providers, family, and friends. PMID:25656380

  3. Internal and Temporal Reliability Estimates for Informant Ratings of Personality Using the NEO PI-R and IAS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurtz, John E.; Lee, Patricia A.; Sherker, Jennifer L.

    1999-01-01

    Examines the internal consistency and temporal stability of informant ratings from the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) (P. Costa and R. McRae, 1992) and the Interpersonal Adjective Scale (IAS) (J. Wiggins, 1995) through ratings by 109 undergraduates of well-known adult targets. The estimates of internal consistency and temporal…

  4. HIV Testing Among Teens Attending Therapeutic Schools: Having a Personal Source of Information About HIV/AIDS Matters!

    PubMed

    Swenson, Rebecca R; Houck, Christopher; Sarfati, David; Emerson, Erin; Donenberg, Geri; Brown, Larry K

    2015-06-01

    Being informed and using positive coping strategies are associated with engaging in health-promoting behaviors. We assessed whether the type of information source about HIV (personal or impersonal) and coping strategies (optimism, avoidance, or emotion-focused) are associated with HIV testing among adolescents attending therapeutic schools. Participants were 417 adolescents, ages 13-19, who attended one of 20 therapeutic day schools for emotionally/behaviorally disordered youth in two US cities (Providence, RI and Chicago, IL) and completed a baseline assessment for an HIV prevention study. Among adolescents in the study, 29% reported having been tested for HIV. Adolescents were more likely to have been tested if they were older, female, Hispanic, identified as non-heterosexual, came from lower SES households, and had recently had unprotected sex. Additionally, youth who endorsed greater use of optimistic thinking and emotion-focused coping, and who reported having been informed about HIV by more personal sources, were also more likely to have been tested for HIV. In a multivariate analysis, having had recent unprotected sex and having more personal sources of information about HIV/AIDS were independently associated with HIV testing. Study findings suggest that, controlling for sociodemographic background, sexual risk behavior, and coping strategy, HIV testing among adolescents with emotional and behavioral problems may be increased when adolescents learn about HIV/AIDS from personal sources such as their healthcare providers, family, and friends.

  5. Personal Learning Environments, Social Media, and Self-Regulated Learning: A Natural Formula for Connecting Formal and Informal Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dabbagh, Nada; Kitsantas, Anastasia

    2012-01-01

    A Personal Learning Environment or PLE is a potentially promising pedagogical approach for both integrating formal and informal learning using social media and supporting student self-regulated learning in higher education contexts. The purpose of this paper is to (a) review research that support this claim, (b) conceptualize the connection…

  6. 10 CFR 1704.5 - Procedures for closing meetings, or withholding information, and requests by affected persons to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Procedures for closing meetings, or withholding information, and requests by affected persons to close a meeting. 1704.5 Section 1704.5 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR... submitted to the General Counsel, Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, 625 Indiana Avenue, NW.,...

  7. 10 CFR 1704.5 - Procedures for closing meetings, or withholding information, and requests by affected persons to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Procedures for closing meetings, or withholding information, and requests by affected persons to close a meeting. 1704.5 Section 1704.5 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR... submitted to the General Counsel, Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, 625 Indiana Avenue, NW.,...

  8. 10 CFR 1704.5 - Procedures for closing meetings, or withholding information, and requests by affected persons to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for closing meetings, or withholding information, and requests by affected persons to close a meeting. 1704.5 Section 1704.5 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR... submitted to the General Counsel, Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, 625 Indiana Avenue, NW.,...

  9. 10 CFR 1704.5 - Procedures for closing meetings, or withholding information, and requests by affected persons to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Procedures for closing meetings, or withholding information, and requests by affected persons to close a meeting. 1704.5 Section 1704.5 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR... submitted to the General Counsel, Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, 625 Indiana Avenue, NW.,...

  10. Checking Questionable Entry of Personally Identifiable Information Encrypted by One-Way Hash Transformation

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Xianlai; Fann, Yang C; McAuliffe, Matthew; Vismer, David

    2017-01-01

    Background As one of the several effective solutions for personal privacy protection, a global unique identifier (GUID) is linked with hash codes that are generated from combinations of personally identifiable information (PII) by a one-way hash algorithm. On the GUID server, no PII is permitted to be stored, and only GUID and hash codes are allowed. The quality of PII entry is critical to the GUID system. Objective The goal of our study was to explore a method of checking questionable entry of PII in this context without using or sending any portion of PII while registering a subject. Methods According to the principle of GUID system, all possible combination patterns of PII fields were analyzed and used to generate hash codes, which were stored on the GUID server. Based on the matching rules of the GUID system, an error-checking algorithm was developed using set theory to check PII entry errors. We selected 200,000 simulated individuals with randomly-planted errors to evaluate the proposed algorithm. These errors were placed in the required PII fields or optional PII fields. The performance of the proposed algorithm was also tested in the registering system of study subjects. Results There are 127,700 error-planted subjects, of which 114,464 (89.64%) can still be identified as the previous one and remaining 13,236 (10.36%, 13,236/127,700) are discriminated as new subjects. As expected, 100% of nonidentified subjects had errors within the required PII fields. The possibility that a subject is identified is related to the count and the type of incorrect PII field. For all identified subjects, their errors can be found by the proposed algorithm. The scope of questionable PII fields is also associated with the count and the type of the incorrect PII field. The best situation is to precisely find the exact incorrect PII fields, and the worst situation is to shrink the questionable scope only to a set of 13 PII fields. In the application, the proposed algorithm can

  11. Helicopter Handling Qualities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    Helicopters are used by the military and civilian communities for a variety of tasks and must be capable of operating in poor weather conditions and at night. Accompanying extended helicopter operations is a significant increase in pilot workload and a need for better handling qualities. An overview of the status and problems in the development and specification of helicopter handling-qualities criteria is presented. Topics for future research efforts by government and industry are highlighted.

  12. 43 CFR 2.27 - How will a bureau handle a request for information that is contained in a Privacy Act system of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... information that is contained in a Privacy Act system of records? (See DOI's Privacy Act regulations (Subpart... system of records? (See DOI's Privacy Act regulations (Subpart G of this part) for additional information.) (a) When you request information pertaining to yourself that is contained in a Privacy Act system...

  13. 43 CFR 2.27 - How will a bureau handle a request for information that is contained in a Privacy Act system of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... information that is contained in a Privacy Act system of records? (See DOI's Privacy Act regulations (Subpart... system of records? (See DOI's Privacy Act regulations (Subpart G of this part) for additional information.) (a) When you request information pertaining to yourself that is contained in a Privacy Act system...

  14. 43 CFR 2.27 - How will a bureau handle a request for information that is contained in a Privacy Act system of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information that is contained in a Privacy Act system of records? (See DOI's Privacy Act regulations (Subpart... system of records? (See DOI's Privacy Act regulations (Subpart G of this part) for additional information... information, usually an original signature (see the appropriate Privacy Act system notice and, subpart G...

  15. [An effort to discontinue the use of verbal change of shift reports in a workplace with both nursing staff and personal support workers--encouraging independent information collection by personal support workers].

    PubMed

    Kawabata, Eri; Norioka, Tsugiko; Kisida, Matsumi; Nomura, Momiko

    2008-09-01

    The change of shift report is of great importance in nursing in order to ensure the continuity of care, transfer information among nurses, and to ensure the transfer of responsibility from one shift to the next. In workplaces where nursing staff work together with personal support workers, it is important for staff to have common access to patient information in order to be able to use the information practically and carry out their individual responsibilities and roles. Until now, nursing staff and personal support workers collaborated and combined information for the verbal change of shift report, but the role of the personal support worker was in practice, more passive. Beginning 3 years ago, nurses began planning training sessions to educate personal support workers to increase their practical abilities. Through the training, personal support workers learned how to leave accurate patient records and nursing staff and personal support worker staff began to use a joint flow sheet to keep a record of patient information. This written record became the means of communication, making the verbal change of shift report redundant. As a result of trying to discontinue the verbal change of shift reports, personal support workers began to collect information more independently, and began to practice care more intentionally. In addition, the understanding of the role of the personal support worker deepened, the ability to care for patients improved, and it also led to better cooperation between nursing staff and personal support workers.

  16. 45 CFR 155.260 - Privacy and security of personally identifiable information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Privacy and security of personally identifiable... AFFORDABLE CARE ACT General Functions of an Exchange § 155.260 Privacy and security of personally... must establish and implement privacy and security standards that are consistent with the...

  17. 75 FR 61572 - Additional Identifying Information Associated With Persons Whose Property and Interests in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-05

    ..., ``Blocking Property of Certain Persons With Respect to Serious Human Rights Abuses by the Government of Iran... the Government of Iran and Taking Certain Other Actions,'' whose property and interests in property... Property of Certain Persons With Respect to Serious Human Rights Abuses by the Government of Iran...

  18. 26 CFR 1.6039-2 - Statements to persons with respect to whom information is reported.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... incentive stock options under section 6039(b). (1) Every corporation filing a return under § 1.6039-1(a... to any person must be furnished to such person on Form 3921, Exercise of an Incentive Stock Option... provided in the instructions thereto. (b) Requirement of statement with respect to stock purchased under...

  19. How the NWC handles software as product

    SciTech Connect

    Vinson, D.

    1997-11-01

    This tutorial provides a hands-on view of how the Nuclear Weapons Complex project should be handling (or planning to handle) software as a product in response to Engineering Procedure 401099. The SQAS has published the document SQAS96-002, Guidelines for NWC Processes for Handling Software Product, that will be the basis for the tutorial. The primary scope of the tutorial is on software products that result from weapons and weapons-related projects, although the information presented is applicable to many software projects. Processes that involve the exchange, review, or evaluation of software product between or among NWC sites, DOE, and external customers will be described.

  20. 46 CFR 154.1850 - Entering cargo handling spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Entering cargo handling spaces. 154.1850 Section 154... cargo handling spaces. (a) The master shall ensure that the ventilation system under § 154.1200 is in operation for 30 minutes before a person enters one of the following: (1) Spaces containing cargo...

  1. 46 CFR 154.1850 - Entering cargo handling spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Entering cargo handling spaces. 154.1850 Section 154... cargo handling spaces. (a) The master shall ensure that the ventilation system under § 154.1200 is in operation for 30 minutes before a person enters one of the following: (1) Spaces containing cargo...

  2. 46 CFR 154.1850 - Entering cargo handling spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Entering cargo handling spaces. 154.1850 Section 154... cargo handling spaces. (a) The master shall ensure that the ventilation system under § 154.1200 is in operation for 30 minutes before a person enters one of the following: (1) Spaces containing cargo...

  3. 46 CFR 154.1850 - Entering cargo handling spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Entering cargo handling spaces. 154.1850 Section 154... cargo handling spaces. (a) The master shall ensure that the ventilation system under § 154.1200 is in operation for 30 minutes before a person enters one of the following: (1) Spaces containing cargo...

  4. 46 CFR 154.1850 - Entering cargo handling spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Entering cargo handling spaces. 154.1850 Section 154... cargo handling spaces. (a) The master shall ensure that the ventilation system under § 154.1200 is in operation for 30 minutes before a person enters one of the following: (1) Spaces containing cargo...

  5. Metam Sodium and Metam Potassium Fumigant Safe Handling Guide

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Safety training is required for certified pesticide applicators and handlers to handle soil fumigants. Measures to mitigate exposure include personal protective equipment, air monitoring, respiratory protection, and emergency preparedness.

  6. Engagement with Genetic Information and Uptake of Genetic Testing: the Role of Trust and Personal Cancer History.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Megan C; Taber, Jennifer M; Klein, William M

    2017-01-20

    We used national survey data to (1) determine the extent to which individuals trust the sources from which they are most likely to receive information about cancer-related genetic tests (BRCA1/2, Lynch syndrome), (2) examine how level of trust for sources of genetic information might be related to cancer-related genetic testing uptake, and (3) determine whether key factors, such as cancer history and numeracy, moderate the latter association. We used cross-sectional data from the Health Information National Trends Survey. Our study sample included individuals who responded that they had heard or read about genetic tests (n = 1117). All analyses accounted for complex survey design. Although respondents trusted information from health professionals the most, they were significantly less likely to report hearing about genetic testing from such professionals than via television (p < 0.01). Regardless of source, higher levels of trust in the information source from which participants heard about genetic tests were associated with increased odds of genetic testing uptake, particularly among those with a personal cancer history. Numeracy was not associated with genetic testing uptake. Because health professionals were among the most trusted health information sources, they may serve as important brokers of genetic testing information for those with a personal cancer history.

  7. SPAR data handling utilities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Giles, G. L.; Haftka, R. T.

    1978-01-01

    The SPAR computer software system is a collection of processors that perform particular steps in the finite-element structural analysis procedure. The data generated by each processor are stored on a data base complex residing on an auxiliary storage device, and these data are then used by subsequent processors. The SPAR data handling utilities use routines to transfer data between the processors and the data base complex. A detailed description of the data base complex organization is presented. A discussion of how these SPAR data handling utilities are used in an application program to perform desired user functions is given with the steps necessary to convert an existing program to a SPAR processor by incorporating these utilities. Finally, a sample SPAR processor is included to illustrate the use of the data handling utilities.

  8. 77 FR 31068 - Additional Identifying Information Associated With Persons Whose Property and Interests in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ... Information Technology AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Technology,'' whose property and interests in property are blocked. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT... Information Technology,'' (the ``Order'') pursuant to, inter alia, the International Emergency Economic...

  9. Reward devaluation: Dot-probe meta-analytic evidence of avoidance of positive information in depressed persons.

    PubMed

    Winer, E Samuel; Salem, Taban

    2016-01-01

    Cognitive theories of depression and anxiety have traditionally emphasized the role of attentional biases in the processing of negative information. The dot-probe task has been widely used to study this phenomenon. Recent findings suggest that biased processing of positive information might also be an important aspect of developing psychopathological symptoms. However, despite some evidence suggesting persons with symptoms of depression and anxiety may avoid positive information, many dot-probe studies have produced null findings. The present review used conventional and novel meta-analytic methods to evaluate dot-probe attentional biases away from positive information and, for comparison, toward negative information, in depressed and anxious individuals. Results indicated that avoidance of positive information is a real effect exhibiting substantial evidential value among persons experiencing psychopathology, with individuals evidencing primary symptoms of depression clearly demonstrating this effect. Different theoretical explanations for these findings are evaluated, including those positing threat-processing structures, even-handedness, self-regulation, and reward devaluation, with the novel theory of reward devaluation emphasized and expanded. These novel findings and theory suggest that avoidance of prospective reward helps to explain the cause and sustainability of depressed states. Suggestions for future research and methodological advances are discussed.

  10. Prospective prediction of college adjustment using self- and informant-rated personality traits.

    PubMed

    Kurtz, John E; Puher, Meredith A; Cross, Nicole A

    2012-01-01

    Studies that relate normal personality traits to students' adjustment to college have relied heavily on self-rating methods, concurrent designs, and academic performance indicators as criteria. We conducted a prospective study of high school seniors with a follow-up assessment made near the end of their freshman year of college. Self-ratings of personality traits and college adjustment were obtained from 90 students using the revised NEO personality inventory (NEO PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992) and the student adaptation to college questionnaire (SACQ; Baker & Siryk, 1989 ). Ratings of personality were also obtained from parents (n = 66) and same-sex peers from the college setting (n = 78) using the NEO five-factor inventory (NEO-FFI; Costa & McCrae, 1992 ). SACQ academic adjustment was correlated with conscientiousness ratings by all three sources and with openness ratings by parents and peers. SACQ Social Adjustment was correlated with self-ratings of neuroticism and peer ratings of extraversion. SACQ personal-emotional adjustment was correlated with self-ratings and parent ratings of neuroticism. Ratings by parents and peers showed significant incremental validity over self-ratings in the prediction of certain trait-adjustment relationships.

  11. Creating Personal Meaning through Technology-Supported Science Inquiry Learning across Formal and Informal Settings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anastopoulou, Stamatina; Sharples, Mike; Ainsworth, Shaaron; Crook, Charles; O'Malley, Claire; Wright, Michael

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, a novel approach to engaging students in personal inquiry learning is described, whereby they carry out scientific investigations that are personally meaningful and relevant to their everyday lives. The learners are supported by software that guides the inquiry process, extending from the classroom into the school grounds, home, or outdoors. We report on a case study of personal inquiry learning with 28 high school students on the topic of healthy eating. An analysis of how the personal inquiry was enacted in the classroom and at home, based on issues identified from a study of interviews with the students and their teacher, is provided. The outcomes showed that students were alerted to challenges associated with fieldwork and how they responded to the uncertainty and challenge of an open investigation. The study, moreover, raised an unexpected difficulty for researchers of finding the 'sweet spot' between scientifically objective but unengaging inquiry topics, and ones that are personally meaningful but potentially embarrassing. Implications for further research are shaped around ways of overcoming this difficulty.

  12. Epistemic states and traits: preschoolers appreciate the differential informativeness of situation-specific and person-specific cues to knowledge.

    PubMed

    Brosseau-Liard, Patricia E; Birch, Susan A J

    2011-01-01

    Previous research has demonstrated that preschoolers can use situation-specific (e.g., visual access) and person-specific (e.g., prior accuracy) cues to infer what others know. The present studies investigated whether 4- and 5-year-olds appreciate the differential informativeness of these types of cues. In Experiment 1 (N = 50), children used others' prior labeling accuracy as a cue when learning labels for, but not the visual identity of, hidden objects. In Experiment 2 (N = 64), with both cues present, children attended more to visual access than prior accuracy when learning the visual identity of, but not labels for, hidden objects. These findings demonstrate that children appreciate the difference between situation- and person-specific cues and flexibly evaluate these cues depending on what information they are seeking.

  13. Exploring digital divides: an examination of eHealth technology use in health information seeking, communication and personal health information management in the USA.

    PubMed

    Lustria, Mia Liza A; Smith, Scott Alan; Hinnant, Charles C

    2011-09-01

    Recent government initiatives to deploy health information technology in the USA, coupled with a growing body of scholarly evidence linking online heath information and positive health-related behaviors, indicate a widespread belief that access to health information and health information technologies can help reduce healthcare inequalities. However, it is less clear whether the benefits of greater access to online health information and health information technologies is equitably distributed across population groups, particularly to those who are underserved. To examine this issue, this article employs the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) to investigate relationships between a variety of socio-economic variables and the use of the web-based technologies for health information seeking, personal health information management and patient-provider communication within the context of the USA. This study reveals interesting patterns in technology adoption, some of which are in line with previous studies, while others are less clear. Whether these patterns indicate early evidence of a narrowing divide in eHealth technology use across population groups as a result of the narrowing divide in Internet access and computer ownership warrants further exploration. In particular, the findings emphasize the need to explore differences in the use of eHealth tools by medically underserved and disadvantaged groups. In so doing, it will be important to explore other psychosocial variables, such as health literacy, that may be better predictors of health consumers' eHealth technology adoption.

  14. Grain Grading and Handling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rendleman, Matt; Legacy, James

    This publication provides an introduction to grain grading and handling for adult students in vocational and technical education programs. Organized in five chapters, the booklet provides a brief overview of the jobs performed at a grain elevator and of the techniques used to grade grain. The first chapter introduces the grain industry and…

  15. 77 FR 40338 - Announcing Revised Draft Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 201-2, Personal Identity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-09

    ... Information Technology Management Reform ] Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-106) and the Federal Information Security... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing Revised Draft Federal Information Processing... Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announces the Revised Draft Federal Information...

  16. 31 CFR Appendix A to Chapter V - Information Pertaining to the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY Ch. V, App. A Appendix A to Chapter V—Information Pertaining to the Specially...; 21 U.S.C. 1901-1908; 22 U.S.C. 287c; 31 U.S.C. 321(b); 50 U.S.C. 1601-1651, 1701-1706; 50 U.S.C. App... Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) maintains on its Web site a list of blocked persons,...

  17. 31 CFR Appendix A to Chapter V - Information Pertaining to the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY Ch. V, App. A Appendix A to Chapter V—Information Pertaining to the Specially...; 21 U.S.C. 1901-1908; 22 U.S.C. 287c; 31 U.S.C. 321(b); 50 U.S.C. 1601-1651, 1701-1706; 50 U.S.C. App... Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) maintains on its Web site a list of blocked persons,...

  18. 7 CFR 1212.8 - Handle.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND..., PROMOTION, CONSUMER EDUCATION AND INDUSTRY INFORMATION ORDER Honey Packers and Importers Research, Promotion, Consumer Education, and Industry Information Order Definitions § 1212.8 Handle. “Handle” means to...

  19. Keeping the Peace: Police Discretion and Mentally Ill Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teplin, Linda A.

    2000-01-01

    In many urban centers, responding to mentally ill people has become a large part of the police peacekeeping function. This article highlights the police role in handling mentally ill persons. Law enforcement options are discussed, including both formal and informal options. It is noted that officers decisions to hospitalize, arrest, or deal with a…

  20. Agreement Between Self and Informant-Reported Ratings of Personality Traits: The Moderating Effects of Major Depressive and/or Panic Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Lieberman, Lynne; Gorka, Stephanie M.; Huggins, Ashley A.; Katz, Andrea C.; Sarapas, Casey; Shankman, Stewart A.

    2015-01-01

    Several personality traits are risk factors for psychopathology. As symptoms of psychopathology may influence self-rated personality, informant-reports of personality are also sometimes collected. However, little is known about self-informant agreement in individuals with anxiety and/or depression. We investigated whether self-informant agreement on positive and negative affectivity (PA and NA), and anxiety sensitivity differs for individuals with major depression (MDD) and/or panic disorder (PD, total n=117). Informant- and self-reported PA was correlated among those with MDD, but not those without MDD. Informant- and self-reported anxiety sensitivity was correlated among those with PD, but not those without PD. Informant- and self-reported NA was correlated irrespective of diagnosis. Results indicate that the agreement of self and informant-reported personality may vary as a function of depression and/or anxiety disorders. PMID:26658660

  1. Network security vulnerabilities and personal privacy issues in Healthcare Information Systems: a case study in a private hospital in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Namoğlu, Nihan; Ulgen, Yekta

    2013-01-01

    Healthcare industry has become widely dependent on information technology and internet as it moves from paper to electronic records. Healthcare Information System has to provide a high quality service to patients and a productive knowledge share between healthcare staff by means of patient data. With the internet being commonly used across hospitals, healthcare industry got its own share from cyber threats like other industries in the world. The challenge is allowing knowledge transfer to hospital staff while still ensuring compliance with security mandates. Working in collaboration with a private hospital in Turkey; this study aims to reveal the essential elements of a 21st century business continuity plan for hospitals while presenting the security vulnerabilities in the current hospital information systems and personal privacy auditing standards proposed by regulations and laws. We will survey the accreditation criteria in Turkey and counterparts in US and EU. We will also interview with medical staff in the hospital to understand the needs for personal privacy and the technical staff to perceive the technical requirements in terms of network security configuration and deployment. As hospitals are adopting electronic transactions, it should be considered a must to protect these electronic health records in terms of personal privacy aspects.

  2. Use of Computers in Information Handling. Report of the DSE/PADIS Training Workshop (Nairobi, Kenya, April 21-May 2, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huttemann, Lutz, Ed.; Inganji, Francis K., Ed.

    This workshop attended by 21 participants from 13 countries was designed to promote the use of computerized information and documentation services in the eastern and southern African subregion, and increase the exchange of experiences of the personnel involved in the field. The full text is provided for the following papers presented at the…

  3. How personal experiences feature in women's accounts of use of information for decisions about antenatal diagnostic testing for foetal abnormality.

    PubMed

    France, Emma F; Wyke, Sally; Ziebland, Sue; Entwistle, Vikki A; Hunt, Kate

    2011-03-01

    There has been a striking growth in the availability of health-related information based on personal experience in recent years and internet users are often drawn towards other people's stories about their health. Accounts of other people's experiences might convey social and emotional information that is not otherwise available but little is known about how it is used or the implications of its use in practice. This paper examines how people refer to information about other people's experiences when accounting for decisions about antenatal diagnostic testing for foetal abnormality. We conducted a secondary analysis of 37 qualitative interviews undertaken across the UK with 36 women and nine of their male partners (eight couples were interviewed together) who talked about diagnostic testing for foetal abnormality in 55 pregnancies. When describing their decisions, respondents referred to examples of knowledge gleaned from their own and other individuals' experiences as well as information based on biomedical or clinical-epidemiological research (usually about the probabilities of having a child affected by health problems or the probability of diagnostic tests causing miscarriage). Both forms of knowledge were employed in people's accounts to illustrate the legitimacy and internal coherence of decisions taken. The analysis demonstrates the personally idiosyncratic ways that people reflect on and incorporate different types of information to add meaning to abstract ideas about risk, to imagine the consequences for their own lives and to help them to make sense of the decisions they faced.

  4. Automatic Recommendations for E-Learning Personalization Based on Web Usage Mining Techniques and Information Retrieval

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khribi, Mohamed Koutheair; Jemni, Mohamed; Nasraoui, Olfa

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we describe an automatic personalization approach aiming to provide online automatic recommendations for active learners without requiring their explicit feedback. Recommended learning resources are computed based on the current learner's recent navigation history, as well as exploiting similarities and dissimilarities among…

  5. 78 FR 16539 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Personal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... equipment (PPE) for the eyes, face, head, extremities, torso, and respiratory system whenever workers are... shields, protective barriers, life-saving equipment, personal fall arrest systems, and positioning device systems that meet the applicable provisions of the subpart. This ICR covers hazard assessment...

  6. Empowering Accelerated Personal, Professional and Scholarly Discovery among Information Seekers: An Educational Vision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harmon, Glynn

    2013-01-01

    The term discovery applies herein to the successful outcome of inquiry in which a significant personal, professional or scholarly breakthrough or insight occurs, and which is individually or socially acknowledged as a key contribution to knowledge. Since discoveries culminate at fixed points in time, discoveries can serve as an outcome metric for…

  7. Information Technologies to Advance Teaching and Learning. Connect: Making Learning Personal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Ryan; Twyman, Janet S.

    2016-01-01

    This field report is the ninth in a series produced by the Center on Innovations in Learning's League of Innovators. The series describes, discusses, and analyzes policies and practices that enable personalization in education. This report introduces sessions from the "Conversations with Innovators" event held at Temple University, June…

  8. Educational Opportunities for Older Persons: A Review. Information Series No. 170.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheppard, N. Alan

    Although older persons are increasing both in number and as a proportion of the total American population, they are not taking advantage of educational opportunities. Barriers to their educational efforts include inadequate transportation, lack of money, poor health, program scheduling, and the attitude that learning is for others. Available…

  9. Methods of Reading Information on Labels of Prescription Medications by Persons Who Are Visually Impaired

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMahon, John M.; Curtis, Amy

    2009-01-01

    The prevalence of visual impairment (that is, blindness and low vision) is increasing in the United States, especially in persons aged 65 and older, with more than half of all people who are blind in this age demographic. It has been estimated that about 6.5 million Americans aged 55 and older report vision loss, and this number is expected to…

  10. UNIX Micros for Students Majoring in Computer Science and Personal Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Edward A.; Birch, Sandra

    1986-01-01

    Traces the history of Virginia Tech's requirement that incoming freshmen majoring in computer science each acquire a microcomputer running the UNIX operating system; explores rationale for the decision; explains system's key features; and describes program implementation and research and development efforts to provide personal information…

  11. Designing a Personalized Guide Recommendation System to Mitigate Information Overload in Museum Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Yong-Ming; Liu, Chien-Hung; Lee, Chun-Yi; Huang, Yueh-Min

    2012-01-01

    Museum learning has received a lot of attention in recent years. Museum learning refers to people's use of museums to acquire knowledge. However, a problem with information overload has caused in engaging in such learning. Information overload signifies that users encounter a mass of information and need to determine whether certain information…

  12. The Effectiveness of Verbal Information Provided by Electronic Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Persons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havik, Else M.; Kooijman, Aart C.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.

    2011-01-01

    The effectiveness of different types of verbal information provided by electronic travel aids was studied in a real-life setting. Assessments included wayfinding performance and the preferences of 24 visually impaired users. The participants preferred a combination of route information and environmental information, even though this information…

  13. 76 FR 12712 - Announcing Draft Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 201-2, Personal Identity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ... Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-106) and the Federal Information Security... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing Draft Federal Information Processing Standard... and Technology (NIST) publishes this notice to request comments on Draft Federal...

  14. 19 CFR 356.9 - Persons authorized to receive proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... information. 356.9 Section 356.9 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Proprietary and... States Trade Representative informs the Department require access to proprietary information for...

  15. 19 CFR 356.9 - Persons authorized to receive proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... information. 356.9 Section 356.9 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Proprietary and... States Trade Representative informs the Department require access to proprietary information for...

  16. 19 CFR 356.9 - Persons authorized to receive proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... information. 356.9 Section 356.9 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Proprietary and... States Trade Representative informs the Department require access to proprietary information for...

  17. Solid waste handling

    SciTech Connect

    Parazin, R.J.

    1995-05-31

    This study presents estimates of the solid radioactive waste quantities that will be generated in the Separations, Low-Level Waste Vitrification and High-Level Waste Vitrification facilities, collectively called the Tank Waste Remediation System Treatment Complex, over the life of these facilities. This study then considers previous estimates from other 200 Area generators and compares alternative methods of handling (segregation, packaging, assaying, shipping, etc.).

  18. Space shuttle handling qualities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gilbert, D. W.

    1985-01-01

    The initial Orbiter handling qualities requirements, their effect on the vehicle design, and how it all turned out through the first six orbital missions are reviewed. Specific areas consisting of hand controller considerations and the wheelie problem are discussed. The requirements for the pitch axis subsonic flight control system are reviewed. Results of recent simulator evaluations to compare the existing system at landing with several other configurations are presented.

  19. Renal phosphate handling: Physiology

    PubMed Central

    Prasad, Narayan; Bhadauria, Dharmendra

    2013-01-01

    Phosphorus is a common anion. It plays an important role in energy generation. Renal phosphate handling is regulated by three organs parathyroid, kidney and bone through feedback loops. These counter regulatory loops also regulate intestinal absorption and thus maintain serum phosphorus concentration in physiologic range. The parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, Fibrogenic growth factor 23 (FGF23) and klotho coreceptor are the key regulators of phosphorus balance in body. PMID:23961477

  20. P2P Watch: Personal Health Information Detection in Peer-to-Peer File-Sharing Networks

    PubMed Central

    El Emam, Khaled; Arbuckle, Luk; Neri, Emilio; Rose, Sean; Jonker, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Background Users of peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing networks risk the inadvertent disclosure of personal health information (PHI). In addition to potentially causing harm to the affected individuals, this can heighten the risk of data breaches for health information custodians. Automated PHI detection tools that crawl the P2P networks can identify PHI and alert custodians. While there has been previous work on the detection of personal information in electronic health records, there has been a dearth of research on the automated detection of PHI in heterogeneous user files. Objective To build a system that accurately detects PHI in files sent through P2P file-sharing networks. The system, which we call P2P Watch, uses a pipeline of text processing techniques to automatically detect PHI in files exchanged through P2P networks. P2P Watch processes unstructured texts regardless of the file format, document type, and content. Methods We developed P2P Watch to extract and analyze PHI in text files exchanged on P2P networks. We labeled texts as PHI if they contained identifiable information about a person (eg, name and date of birth) and specifics of the person’s health (eg, diagnosis, prescriptions, and medical procedures). We evaluated the system’s performance through its efficiency and effectiveness on 3924 files gathered from three P2P networks. Results P2P Watch successfully processed 3924 P2P files of unknown content. A manual examination of 1578 randomly selected files marked by the system as non-PHI confirmed that these files indeed did not contain PHI, making the false-negative detection rate equal to zero. Of 57 files marked by the system as PHI, all contained both personally identifiable information and health information: 11 files were PHI disclosures, and 46 files contained organizational materials such as unfilled insurance forms, job applications by medical professionals, and essays. Conclusions PHI can be successfully detected in free-form textual

  1. Cerebral information processing in personality disorders: I. Intensity dependence of auditory evoked potentials.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wei; Wang, Yehan; Fu, Xianming; Liu, Jianhui; He, Chengsen; Dong, Yi; Livesley, W John; Jang, Kerry L

    2006-02-28

    Patients with personality disorders such as the histrionic type exaggerate their responses when receiving external social or environmental stimuli. We speculated that they might also show an augmenting pattern of the auditory evoked potential N1-P2 component in response to stimuli with increasing levels of intensity, a response pattern that is thought to be inversely correlated with cerebral serotonin (5-HT) activity. To test this hypothesis, we collected auditory evoked potentials in 191 patients with personality disorders (19 patients with the paranoid type, 12 schizoid, 14 schizotypal, 18 antisocial, 15 borderline, 13 histrionic, 17 narcissistic, 25 avoidant, 30 dependent and 28 obsessive-compulsive) and 26 healthy volunteers. Their personality traits were measured using the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ). Compared with healthy subjects and other patient groups, the histrionic group scored higher on the basic traits Affective Instability, Stimulus Seeking, Rejection and Narcissism, and on the higher traits Emotional Dysregulation and Dissocial, than the other groups, and the schizoid group scored lower on most of the DAPP-BQ basic and higher traits. In addition, the histrionic group showed steeper amplitude/stimulus intensity function (ASF) slopes at three midline scalp electrodes than the healthy controls or the other patient groups. The ASF slopes were not correlated with any DAPP-BQ traits in the total sample of 217 subjects. However, the DAPP-BQ basic trait Rejection was positively correlated with the ASF slopes at all three electrode sites in the histrionic group. The increased intensity dependence of the auditory N1-P2 component might indicate that cerebral 5-HT neuronal activity is, on average, weak in the histrionic patients.

  2. Personal privacy, information assurance, and the threat posed by malware techology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stytz, Martin R.; Banks, Sheila B.

    2006-04-01

    In spite of our best efforts to secure the cyber world, the threats posed to personal privacy by attacks upon networks and software continue unabated. While there are many reasons for this state of affairs, clearly one of the reasons for continued vulnerabilities in software is the inability to assess their security properties and test their security systems while they are in development. A second reason for this growing threat to personal privacy is the growing sophistication and maliciousness of malware coupled with the increasing difficulty of detecting malware. The pervasive threat posed by malware coupled with the difficulties faced when trying to detect its presence or an attempted intrusion make addressing the malware threat one of the most pressing issues that must be solved in order to insure personal privacy to users of the internet. In this paper, we will discuss the threat posed by malware, the types of malware found in the wild (outside of computer laboratories), and current techniques that are available for from a successful malware penetration. The paper includes a discussion of anti-malware tools and suggestions for future anti-malware efforts.

  3. Discriminant Context Information Analysis for Post-Ranking Person Re-Identification.

    PubMed

    Garcia, Jorge; Martinel, Niki; Gardel, Alfredo; Bravo, Ignacio; Foresti, Gian Luca; Micheloni, Christian

    2017-01-16

    Existing approaches for person re-identification are mainly based on creating distinctive representations or on learning optimal metrics. The achieved results are then provided in form of a list of ranked matching persons. It often happens that the true match is not ranked first but it is in the first positions. This is mostly due to the visual ambiguities shared between the true match and other "similar" persons. At the current state, there is a lack of a study of such visual ambiguities which limit the re-identification performance within the first ranks. We believe that an analysis of the similar appearances of the first ranks can be helpful in detecting, hence removing, such visual ambiguities. We propose to achieve such a goal by introducing an unsupervised post-ranking framework. Once the initial ranking is available, content and context sets are extracted. Then, these are exploited to remove the visual ambiguities and to obtain the discriminant feature space which is finally exploited to compute the new ranking. An in-depth analysis of the performance achieved on three public benchmark datasets support our believes. For every dataset, the proposed method remarkably improves the first ranks results and outperforms state-of-the-art approaches.

  4. Application Examples for Handle System Usage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toussaint, F.; Weigel, T.; Thiemann, H.; Höck, H.; Stockhause, M.; Lautenschlager, M.

    2012-12-01

    keep all copies consistent requires that the chain from master to copy and vice versa has to be resolvable, preferably through PIDs directly. As part of EUDAT necessary services are created on the basis of iRODS. These form the core structure of the data infrastructure developed within EUDAT. Though many implementations of PID systems already exist, many valuable web accessible data sources come with unresolvable identifiers like UUIDs, with instable recognition patterns like URLs, or even with proprietary implementations. However, other data collections would like to link to them in the data descriptions of their metadata. In addition, by usage of PIDs one can decouple the responsibilities for data and MD in projects where necessary. For some metadata entities like persons or even institutes it makes sense to give them single PIDs that point to contact and/or location information. ORCID (Open Researcher & Contributor ID), e.g., keeps track of persons working in scholarly fields, independent of name changes and linguistic variances. The ISO 27729 based International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) also identifies legal entities and fictional characters besides natural persons. Other systems exist that, e.g., reference geographic localities. IDs of this kind may resolve to a URL where detailed information is given.

  5. The Information Technology Infrastructure for the Translational Genomics Core and the Partners Biobank at Partners Personalized Medicine

    PubMed Central

    Boutin, Natalie; Holzbach, Ana; Mahanta, Lisa; Aldama, Jackie; Cerretani, Xander; Embree, Kevin; Leon, Irene; Rathi, Neeta; Vickers, Matilde

    2016-01-01

    The Biobank and Translational Genomics core at Partners Personalized Medicine requires robust software and hardware. This Information Technology (IT) infrastructure enables the storage and transfer of large amounts of data, drives efficiencies in the laboratory, maintains data integrity from the time of consent to the time that genomic data is distributed for research, and enables the management of complex genetic data. Here, we describe the functional components of the research IT infrastructure at Partners Personalized Medicine and how they integrate with existing clinical and research systems, review some of the ways in which this IT infrastructure maintains data integrity and security, and discuss some of the challenges inherent to building and maintaining such infrastructure. PMID:26805892

  6. The Information Technology Infrastructure for the Translational Genomics Core and the Partners Biobank at Partners Personalized Medicine.

    PubMed

    Boutin, Natalie; Holzbach, Ana; Mahanta, Lisa; Aldama, Jackie; Cerretani, Xander; Embree, Kevin; Leon, Irene; Rathi, Neeta; Vickers, Matilde

    2016-01-21

    The Biobank and Translational Genomics core at Partners Personalized Medicine requires robust software and hardware. This Information Technology (IT) infrastructure enables the storage and transfer of large amounts of data, drives efficiencies in the laboratory, maintains data integrity from the time of consent to the time that genomic data is distributed for research, and enables the management of complex genetic data. Here, we describe the functional components of the research IT infrastructure at Partners Personalized Medicine and how they integrate with existing clinical and research systems, review some of the ways in which this IT infrastructure maintains data integrity and security, and discuss some of the challenges inherent to building and maintaining such infrastructure.

  7. Perceptions of Medicaid Beneficiaries Regarding the Usefulness of Accessing Personal Health Information and Services through a Patient Internet Portal

    PubMed Central

    Lobach, David F.; Willis, Janese M.; Macri, Jennifer M.; Simo, Jessica; Anstrom, Kevin J.

    2006-01-01

    Increasing emphasis is being placed on the importance of information technology to improve the safety and quality of healthcare. However, concern is growing that these potential benefits will not be equally distributed across the population because of a widening digital divide along racial and socioeconomic lines. In this pilot study, we surveyed 31 Medicaid beneficiaries to ascertain their interest in and projected use of a healthcare patient Internet portal. We found that most Medicaid beneficiaries (or their parents/guardians) were very interested in accessing personal health information about themselves (or their dependents) online. Additionally, they were interested in accessing healthcare services online. We also found that many Medicaid beneficiaries have Internet access, including a slight majority with access to high-speed Internet connections. Our study revealed significant concern about the privacy of online health information. PMID:17238393

  8. Mystery Person

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Tom

    2011-01-01

    This article features a mathematical game called "Mystery Person." The author describes how the Mystery Person game was tried with first-graders [age 6]. The Mystery games involve the generation of key questions, the coordination of information--often very complex information--and the formulation of consequences based on this…

  9. Information handling by the brain: proposal of a new "paradigm" involving the roamer type of volume transmission and the tunneling nanotube type of wiring transmission.

    PubMed

    Agnati, Luigi F; Guidolin, Diego; Maura, Guido; Marcoli, Manuela; Leo, Giuseppina; Carone, Chiara; De Caro, Raffaele; Genedani, Susanna; Borroto-Escuela, Dasiel O; Fuxe, Kjell

    2014-12-01

    The current view on the organization of the central nervous system (CNS) is basically anchored to the paradigm describing the brain as formed by networks of neurons interconnected by synapses. Synaptic contacts are a fundamental characteristic for describing CNS operations, but increasing evidence accumulated in the last 30 years pointed to a refinement of this view. A possible overcoming of the classical "neuroscience paradigm" will be here outlined, based on the following hypotheses: (1) the basic morpho-functional unit in the brain is a compartment of tissue (functional module) where different resident cells (not only neurons) work as an integrated unit; (2) in these complex networks, a spectrum of intercellular communication processes is exploited, that can be classified according to a dichotomous criterion: wiring transmission (occurring through physically delimited channels) and volume transmission (exploiting diffusion in the extracellular space); (3) the connections between cells can themselves be described as a network, leading to an information processing occurring at different levels from cell network down to molecular level; (4) recent evidence of the existence of specialized structures (microvesicles and tunneling nanotubes) for intercellular exchange of materials, could allow a further type of polymorphism of the CNS networks based on at least transient changes in cell phenotype. When compared to the classical paradigm, the proposed scheme of cellular organization could allow a strong increase of the degrees of freedom available to the whole system and then of its plasticity. Furthermore, long range coordination and correlation can be more easily accommodated within this framework.

  10. 75 FR 61412 - Information Collection; Federal Excess Personal Property (FEPP) and Firefighter Property (FFP...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-05

    ...) program Cooperative Agreements programs are available to state forestry agencies. The program provides... for the cooperation. Each state forestry agency shall provide an Accountable Officer who will be... collect the state forestry agency contact information, the information of the Accountable Officer, and...

  11. 78 FR 73817 - Information Collection; Federal Excess Personal Property (FEPP) and Firefighter Property (FFP...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ...) and Firefighter Property (FFP) Program Cooperative Agreements are available to State forestry agencies... requirements and rules for the cooperation. Each State forestry agency shall provide an Accountable Officer who..., FEPP and FFP collect the State forestry agency contact information, the information of the...

  12. An Overview of the Naval Enlisted Professional Development Information System (NEPDIS). Focus on the Trained Person.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ansbro, Thomas M.

    This is the first in a series of reports describing the origin, development, and applications of the Naval Enlisted Professional Development Information System (NEPDIS). The NEPDIS was designed to be a fully computerized information assembly and analysis system that would eventually support manpower, personnel, and training management. This report…

  13. Personalizing Information Retrieval Using Interaction Behaviors in Search Sessions in Different Types of Tasks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Chang

    2012-01-01

    When using information retrieval (IR) systems, users often pose short and ambiguous query terms. It is critical for IR systems to obtain more accurate representation of users' information need, their document preferences, and the context they are working in, and then incorporate them into the design of the systems to tailor retrieval to…

  14. 78 FR 13158 - Proposed Information Collection (Authorization To Disclose Personal Beneficiary/Claimant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995, Federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of a......

  15. 77 FR 324 - Proposed Information Collection (Application for Assumption Approval and/or Release From Personal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-04

    ...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995, Federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed......

  16. Understanding Parent Perspectives Concerning Adolescents’ Online Access to Personal Health Information

    PubMed Central

    Gaskin, Gregory L.; Bruce, Janine; Anoshiravani, Arash

    2016-01-01

    Background Although today's youth are interested in using the internet to access and manage information related to their health, little information exists about parental attitudes towards the release of health information to adolescents. Methods Structured interviews were conducted with the parents of 83 adolescents detained at a large Northern California juvenile detention facility to examine parental perceptions toward allowing their children online access to their own health information. Results The majority of parents interviewed (70%) wanted their children to have online access to their own health information. Seventy-nine percent of these parents were also comfortable allowing their children to choose with whom they would share this information. Conclusions This study is one of the first to examine parental attitudes towards providing adolescents access to their own health information, and the first among parents of underserved youth. This study demonstrates that parents may be quite supportive of allowing their adolescent children to have secure online access to their own health information. PMID:27595043

  17. Once Found, What Then? A Study of "Keeping" Behaviors in the Personal Use of Web Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, William; Dumais, Susan; Bruce, Harry

    2002-01-01

    This observational study investigates the methods people use in their workplace to organize Web information for re-use. Topics include bookmarking; emailing URLs; printing Web pages; differences according to workplace role and their relationship to the information; and a functional analysis to help explain differences. (Author/LRW)

  18. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... or otherwise asked for non-public OCC information: (i) In a civil action, by notifying the Director of the OCC's Litigation Division at the Washington office; or (ii) In a criminal action, by notifying... documents and information requested, so that the OCC may intervene in the judicial or administrative...

  19. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... asked for non-public OCC information: (i) In a civil action, by notifying the Director of the OCC's Litigation Division at the Washington office; or (ii) In a criminal action, by notifying the appropriate... documents and information requested, so that the OCC may intervene in the judicial or administrative...

  20. Predicting adolescents' disclosure of personal information in exchange for commercial incentives: an application of an extended theory of planned behavior.

    PubMed

    Heirman, Wannes; Walrave, Michel; Ponnet, Koen

    2013-02-01

    This study adopts a global theoretical framework to predict adolescents' disclosure of personal information in exchange for incentives offered by commercial Websites. The study postulates and tests the validity of a model based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB), including antecedent factors of attitude and perceived behavioral control (PBC). A survey was conducted among 1,042 respondents. Results from SEM analyses show that the hypothesized model fits the empirical data well. The model accounts for 61.9 percent of the variance in adolescents' intention to disclose and 43.7 percent of the variance in self-reported disclosure. Perceived social pressure exerted by significant others (subjective norm) is the most important TPB factor in predicting intention to disclose personal information in exchange for incentives. This finding suggests that in discussions of adolescents' information privacy, the importance of social factors outweighs the individually oriented TPB factors of attitude and PBC. Moreover, privacy concern and trust propensity are significant predictors of respondents' attitudes toward online disclosure in exchange for commercial incentives, whereas the frequency of Internet use significantly affects their level of PBC.