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Sample records for hansen raimo pirksaar

  1. Reply to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leibert, Todd W.

    2012-01-01

    Hansen (2012a) and the author are both concerned about trends in the counseling culture toward oversimplification. Their disagreement is, principally, about the locus of debate. The author responds to Hansen's counterarguments with the ultimate hope of transferring the focus from scientific ideology to economic realities pervading professional…

  2. Rejoinder to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suthakaran, V.

    2012-01-01

    Hansen (2012b) reiterates his view that the humanities should form the ideological foundation of the counseling profession by challenging the validity of the central premises for the author's argument that the humanities and science should have equal ideological standing. The author attempts to explain the reasons for their conflicting ideas on…

  3. Rejoinder to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suthakaran, V.

    2012-01-01

    Hansen (2012b) reiterates his view that the humanities should form the ideological foundation of the counseling profession by challenging the validity of the central premises for the author's argument that the humanities and science should have equal ideological standing. The author attempts to explain the reasons for their conflicting ideas on…

  4. Implementing Hansen's Proficiencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, J. Lon; Cohn, Raymond L.; Ramsey, David D.

    2002-01-01

    Describes an economics department framework that incorporates the William Lee Hansen curriculum proficiencies. Identifies tools students should be able to use to complete specific activities, significant prerequisite changes for upper division courses, and the development of a capstone project to employ student skills and knowledge. (JEH)

  5. Implementing Hansen's Proficiencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, J. Lon; Cohn, Raymond L.; Ramsey, David D.

    2002-01-01

    Describes an economics department framework that incorporates the William Lee Hansen curriculum proficiencies. Identifies tools students should be able to use to complete specific activities, significant prerequisite changes for upper division courses, and the development of a capstone project to employ student skills and knowledge. (JEH)

  6. [Diagnosis of Hansen's disease].

    PubMed

    Yotsu, Rie Roselyne; Suzuki, Koichi; Mori, Shuichi; Ishii, Norihisa

    2011-02-01

    The Leprosy Mailing List (LML) is an e-mailing list open to whoever interested in the field from all over the world. It acts as a forum for exchanging information related to Hansen's disease. It was established in February 2001 in Italy, and the present moderator of the LML is Dr. Salvatore Noto. He and his colleague have recently introduced an atlas for diagnosing Hansen's disease which they brought together information and photos collected through the LML. The atlas is divided into three sections, (1) Introduction, (2) Cardinal signs, and (3) Diagnosis and the clinical spectrum of leprosy, and they are all accompanied with relevant photos. This time, Dr. Noto kindly permitted us to translate the atlas into Japanese to be published in the Japanese Journal of Leprosy and posted in the Japanese Leprosy Association homepage. This article includes the translation and some of the most informative photos. For more information, please refer to the homepage where you will find all photos in the atlas.

  7. Hansen's disease: a vanishing disease?

    PubMed

    Talhari, Sinésio; Grossi, Maria Aparecida de Faria; Oliveira, Maria Leide W D R de; Gontijo, Bernardo; Talhari, Carolina; Penna, Gerson Oliveira

    2012-12-01

    The introduction, implementation, successes and failures of multidrug therapy (MDT) in all Hansen's disease endemic countries are discussed in this paper. The high efficacy of leprosy treatment with MDT and the global reduction of prevalence led the World Health Organization, in 1991, to establish the goal of elimination of Hansen's disease (less than 1 patient per 10,000 inhabitants) to be accomplished by the year 2000. Brazil, Nepal and East Timor are among the few countries that didn't reach the elimination goal by the year 2000 or even 2005. The implications of these aspects are highlighted in this paper. Current data from endemic and previously endemic countries that carry a regular leprosy control programme show that the important fall in prevalence was not followed by the reduction of the incidence. This means that transmission of Mycobacterium leprae is still an issue. It is reasonable to conclude that we are still far from the most important goal of Hansen's disease control: the interruption of transmission and reduction of incidence. It is necessary to emphasize to health managers the need of keeping Hansen's disease control activities to better develop control programmes in the future. The recent international proposal to interrupt the transmission of leprosy by the year 2020 seems to unrealistic and it is discussed in this paper. The possibility of epidemiological impact related to the human immunodeficiency virus/Hansen's disease coinfection is also considered.

  8. [HANSEN'S DISEASE IN ISRAEL].

    PubMed

    Gilead, Leon; Wexler, Ruth

    2016-10-01

    Hansen's disease (HD) is an anthropophylic, infectious, chronic disease, caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The systemic disease, affecting both males and females at any age, involves mainly the skin and the peripheral nerves located in the limbs close to the skin. Traditionally the treatment of HD patients was entrusted to dermatologists. Current drug therapy given at an early stage can prevent many of the complications, and enables patients to go on with life. In 95% of the population there is an innate immunity, which following exposure, enables the development of an effective immune response preventing the development of overt clinical disease. So far, there is neither an effective vaccination nor a simple test which can predict susceptibility to the infection. A long history of ignorance and stigmatization may add a social dimension to the physical ailment and suffering of HD patients. Despite the elimination campaign declared by the WHO in the early 1990s, the disease continues to exist. New patients are diagnosed each year, though in lower numbers and HD patients can be found all over the world. The relatively low prevalence of HD in non-endemic countries and the misconception that it has been eradicated long ago, make the awareness to the disease extremely poor. HD is usually not included in the differential diagnosis even when clear symptoms are present. This results in a very late diagnosis of new HD patients, thus missing the window of opportunity for early treatment which could prevent complications and disability. The purpose of this update is to raise awareness to the existence of HD in Israel and its diagnosis, to present updated epidemiological data for Israel and a glimpse at the global situation.

  9. Klebsiella ozaenae Septicemia Associated with Hansen's Disease

    PubMed Central

    Murray, Katherine A.; Clements, Bruce H.; Keas, Stephen E.

    1981-01-01

    Two cases of Klebsiella ozaenae septicemia from the National Hansen's Disease Center, Carville, La., are discussed: one fatal and one nonfatal. Although both patients had nasal complications of Hansen's disease (leprosy), the organism was grown initially from spinal fluid, blood, and wound cultures. This report confirms the potential pathogenicity of the K. ozaenae species and its widening disease spectrum. PMID:7037843

  10. Psychosocial aspects of Hansen's disease (leprosy)

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Gurvinder Pal

    2012-01-01

    In general, the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among people with Hansen's disease has greatly increased to date. However, inadequate psychiatric care of people with Hansen's disease is an area of increasing concern. Many studies have been conducted in India and abroad to find out the prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders in patients suffering from Hansen's disease. Although efforts have been made by the government and international organizations to solve the medical problems among this group of patients, this disease still carries a number of psychosocial issues. The social stigma connected to these patients makes this disease completely different from others. Even nowadays people affected by Hansen's disease have to leave their village and are socially isolated. Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder found in these patients. Early detection and treatment of psychiatric disorders among Hansen's disease patients is a powerful psychotherapeutic measure. Integrated healthcare strategy will be beneficial to these patients. A comprehensive MEDLINE search and review of relevant literature was carried out and the data extracted and studied with particular reference to psychosocial issues in Hansen's disease. The focus of this research work is related to psychiatric and social aspects vis-à-vis stigma in these patients with Hansen's disease. PMID:23189247

  11. Psychosocial aspects of Hansen's disease (leprosy).

    PubMed

    Singh, Gurvinder Pal

    2012-09-01

    In general, the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among people with Hansen's disease has greatly increased to date. However, inadequate psychiatric care of people with Hansen's disease is an area of increasing concern. Many studies have been conducted in India and abroad to find out the prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders in patients suffering from Hansen's disease. Although efforts have been made by the government and international organizations to solve the medical problems among this group of patients, this disease still carries a number of psychosocial issues. The social stigma connected to these patients makes this disease completely different from others. Even nowadays people affected by Hansen's disease have to leave their village and are socially isolated. Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder found in these patients. Early detection and treatment of psychiatric disorders among Hansen's disease patients is a powerful psychotherapeutic measure. Integrated healthcare strategy will be beneficial to these patients. A comprehensive MEDLINE search and review of relevant literature was carried out and the data extracted and studied with particular reference to psychosocial issues in Hansen's disease. The focus of this research work is related to psychiatric and social aspects vis-à-vis stigma in these patients with Hansen's disease.

  12. Periodontal findings in patients with Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Ranganathan, Aravindhan Thiruputkuzhi; Khalid, Waleed; Saraswathy, Ponnandai Krishnamurthy; Chandran, Chitraa Rama; Mahalingam, Lakshmiganthan

    2014-09-01

    To find out whether there are any relationship between leprosy and periodontitis as evidenced by clinical parameters. Fifteen diagnosed patients with Hansen's disease were selected and compared against 50 healthy individuals. Clinical parameters like probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level were evaluated for both the groups and the results were subjected to statistical analysis. Mean probing depth and attachment loss is seen more in patients with Hansen's disease than the healthy controls which are statistically significant. Patients with Hansen's disease tend to have more periodontal destruction than the healthy controls. Copyright © 2014 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Organogel formation rationalized by Hansen solubility parameters.

    PubMed

    Raynal, Matthieu; Bouteiller, Laurent

    2011-08-07

    Some organic compounds gelate particular solvents by forming a network of anisotropic fibres. We show that Hansen solubility parameters can be used to predict the range of solvents that are likely to be gelled by any given gelator.

  14. [Epidemiology of Hansen's disease in Israel].

    PubMed

    Seidenbaum, M; Slater, P E; Ever-Hadani, P; Costin, C; Leviatan, A

    1993-08-01

    There are currently 200 patients with Hansen's disease in Israel who are being followed by the Hansen's Disease Government Hospital and the Ministry of Health (prevalence 4.4/100,000). Most of them immigrated from countries where the disease is endemic. Dermatological findings dominated the initial clinical picture, although 5% of patients are asymptomatic contacts of known cases. Age at onset of disease was less than 20 years in 1/4 of the cases. The incidence in Israel is falling: 0.4/100,000 in 1985-89 compared to 3.6/100,000 in 1950-54. Neurologic and dermatologic findings in an immigrant of any age originating from countries where Hansen's disease is endemic, should prompt appropriate diagnostic evaluation, even years after immigration to Israel. Contacts of known cases of Hansen's disease should be aggressively screened, even if asymptomatic.

  15. [Two cases of Hansen's disease].

    PubMed

    Ichikawa, Eiko; Otsuka, Fujio; Horii, Noriko; Tanaka, Michi; Ishii, Norihisa; Sugita, Yasuyuki; Koseki, Masamichi

    2003-08-01

    We report two cases of Hansen's disease. Case 1 was 71-year old Japanese man who developed left ulnar nerve palsy since 7 years ago, multiple erythema on his body since 2-3 years ago, and erythematous nodules on his face since 3 months ago. He had no history of living outside Ibaraki prefecture. The clinical feature, the skin biopsy, laboratory data showed that he had borderline lepromatous leprosy. He was treated with multi-drug therapy which was effective and was stopped 3 years after the bacterial index showed negative. Ten months later, erythema on his body and face appeared and the therapy was restarted. Case 2 was 68-year old Japanese man who developed 5 cm of nummular erythema with slight numbness on his right forearm since 3 months ago. He had lived in Brazil since he was 24 to 64 years old. The skin biopsy showed epithelioid cell granuloma in the dermis involving vessels and nerves. Polymerase chain reaction test showed the M.leprae DNA, and he was diagnosed as indeterminate leprosy. He was treated with dapson and rifampicin and 2 months later, erythema and numbness disappeared.

  16. A Reply to Hansen's Cultural Humanism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemberger, Matthew E.

    2012-01-01

    Hansen (2012b) responds to the author's (Lemberger, 2012) critique of his humanistic vision by dividing their arguments as either individual or cultural in design. In this reply, the author contends that the individual cannot be extracted from her or his culture and, therefore, what is sufficient for a humanistic counseling culture must also be…

  17. A Reply to Hansen's Cultural Humanism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemberger, Matthew E.

    2012-01-01

    Hansen (2012b) responds to the author's (Lemberger, 2012) critique of his humanistic vision by dividing their arguments as either individual or cultural in design. In this reply, the author contends that the individual cannot be extracted from her or his culture and, therefore, what is sufficient for a humanistic counseling culture must also be…

  18. [Immune response of Hansen's disease. Review].

    PubMed

    Rada, Elsa; Aranzazu, Nacarid; Convit, Jacinto

    2009-12-01

    Hansen's disease presents a wide spectrum of clinical and histopathological manifestations that reflect the nature of the immunological response of the host towards diverse Mycobacterium leprae components. The immunological system, composed by both innate and adaptive immunology, offers protection towards infections of various etiologies, among them bacterial. Bacteria, of course, have developed multiple strategies for evading host defenses, based on either very complex or simple mechanisms, but with a single purpose: to "resist" host attacks and to be able to survive. We have tried to summarize some recent studies in Hansen's disease, with more emphasis in the inmunology area. We think that in the future, all illnesses should also be very strongly related to other important aspects such as the social, environmental and economic, and whose development is not solved in a laboratory.

  19. Hansen's disease mimicking a systemic vasculitis.

    PubMed

    Sampaio, L; Silva, L; Terroso, G; Pimenta, S; Brandão, F; Pinto, J; Prisca, A; Brito, J; Ventura, F

    2011-01-01

    Hansen's disease, caused by Mycobacterium leprae, classically presents with cutaneous and neurological manifestations. Rheumatologic manifestations present in 1 to 5% of the patients, and include arthritis, arthralgias, Charcot arthropathy, erythema nodosum and vasculitis. We report a case of a 86 year old woman with polyarthritis, subcutaneous nodules and leg ulcers whose differential diagnosis included primary vasculitis and diffuse connective tissue diseases and ended to be leprosy in a non endemic country.

  20. Peter Andreas Hansen und die astronomische Gemeinschaft - eine erste Auswertung des Hansen-Nachlasses.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwarz, O.; Strumpf, M.

    The literary assets of Peter Andreas Hansen are deposited in the Staatsarchiv Hamburg, the Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek Gotha and the Thüringer Staatsarchiv Gotha. They were never systematically investigated. The authors present here some results of a first evaluation. It was possible to reconstruct the historical events with regard to the maintenance of the Astronomische Nachrichten and the Altona observatory in 1854. Hansen was a successful teacher for many young astronomers. His way of stimulating the evolution of astronomy followed Zach's tradition.

  1. Comic Book Apologia: The "Paranoid" Rhetoric of Congressman George Hansen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Short, Brant

    1987-01-01

    Analyzes George Hansen's apologetic rhetoric from the perspective of a generic, "paranoid-style" of discourse to show why the Congressman was able to defend his character to the satisfaction of nearly one-half of his constituency. Uses the Hansen case to illustrate the development and function of a rhetorical genre in a given historical context.…

  2. Can Cosmopolitanism Work Religiously? A Response to David T. Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghiloni, Aaron J.

    2017-01-01

    This response to David T. Hansen's 2016 plenary address to the Religious Education Association tests the viability of educational cosmopolitanism for religious education. Using a Deweyan methodology of understanding an idea through its consequences, Hansen's proposal is analyzed using dialogues with interreligious and Islamic pedagogies. The…

  3. A synopsis of the history of Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Couto Dal Secco, Raissa Gonçalves; França, Katlein; Castillo, David; AlHarbi, Mana; Lotti, Torello; Fioranelli, Massimo; Roccia, Maria Grazia

    2017-08-11

    Leprosy is a contagious infectious disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae. This microorganism was discovered by Dr. Gerhard Hansen, and the illness was then baptized as Hansen's disease. For a long time, Hansen's disease was thought to be hereditary-a curse or a punishment from God. The disease affects skin and nerves and can cause severe damage. Due to its destructive effects, leprosy has caused fear, segregation, and prejudice in all societies since Biblical times. Patients with Hansen's disease have not been treated humanely around the world throughout the ages. This article is a summary of curious and interesting facts about the history and cultural aspects of Hansen's disease, which has chastised humanity for centuries. These facts are about the discovery of the disease, its propagation, the evolution of treatments, and the prejudice of society towards patients.

  4. W. W. Hansen, Microwave Physics, and Silicon Valley

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leeson, David

    2009-03-01

    The Stanford physicist W. W. Hansen (b. 1909, AB '29 and PhD '32, MIT post-doc 1933-4, Prof. physics '35-'49, d. 1949) played a seminal role in the development of microwave electronics. His contributions underlay Silicon Valley's postwar ``microwave'' phase, when numerous companies, acknowledging their unique scientific debt to Hansen, flourished around Stanford University. As had the prewar ``radio'' companies, they furthered the regional entrepreneurial culture and prepared the ground for the later semiconductor and computer developments we know as Silicon Valley. In the 1930's, Hansen invented the cavity resonator. He applied this to his concept of the radio-frequency (RF) linear accelerator and, with the Varian brothers, to the invention of the klystron, which made microwave radar practical. As WWII loomed, Hansen was asked to lecture on microwaves to the physicists recruited to the MIT Radiation Laboratory. Hansen's ``Notes on Microwaves,'' the Rad Lab ``bible'' on the subject, had a seminal impact on subsequent works, including the Rad Lab Series. Because of Hansen's failing health, his postwar work, and MIT-Stanford rivalries, the Notes were never published, languishing as an underground classic. I have located remaining copies, and will publish the Notes with a biography honoring the centenary of Hansen's birth. After the war, Hansen founded Stanford's Microwave Laboratory to develop powerful klystrons and linear accelerators. He collaborated with Felix Bloch in the discovery of nuclear magnetic resonance. Hansen experienced first-hand Stanford's evolution from its depression-era physics department to corporate, then government funding. Hansen's brilliant career was cut short by his death in 1949, after his induction in the National Academy of Sciences. His ideas were carried on in Stanford's two-mile long linear accelerator and the development of Silicon Valley.

  5. The diagnostic challenge of Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Chambers, James A; Baffi, Cynthia W; Nash, Kevin T

    2009-06-01

    Hansen's disease (HD), formerly referred to as leprosy, actively infects more than 250,000 persons worldwide, with over 2 million currently being treated for sequelae. Over 150 cases are annually reported in the U.S. Although transmission of Hansen's disease to military personnel is rare, physicians caring for those who deploy abroad should be aware of the diagnostic challenges and therapeutic aspects of the disease, as well as its implication for continued military service. Additionally, with U.S. involvement in humanitarian efforts abroad, many military physicians will encounter this condition in indigenous populations. Because of its relative rarity in the U.S. and its protean manifestations, diagnosis is generally delayed 6-12 months, leading to potentially irreversible sequelae. Therefore the clinician should be aware of the presentation of HD as well as the key steps to procuring a diagnosis. This paper reports a case of HD encountered in an active duty, native-born U.S. Air Force aviator.

  6. 42 CFR 32.91 - Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients... MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.91 Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients....

  7. 42 CFR 32.91 - Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients... MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.91 Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients....

  8. 42 CFR 32.91 - Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients... MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.91 Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients....

  9. 42 CFR 32.91 - Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients... MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.91 Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients....

  10. 42 CFR 32.91 - Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients... MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.91 Purchase of services for Hansen's disease patients....

  11. Hansen's disease associated with erythromelalgia mimicking Lupus erythematosus.

    PubMed

    Damodar, Shenoi Shrutakirthi; Smitha, Prabhu; Nirmal, Balakrishnan; Sudhir, Nayak U K; Ballambat, Pai Sathish

    2014-01-01

    Hansen's disease, though considered to be at the verge of elimination in many countries including India, still continues to surprise patients and dermatologists alike. This is mainly due to its varying and unconventional presentations which may lead to initial misdiagnosis and prolongation of treatment. Here we describe an unusual case presenting with erythematous photosensitive facial lesions associated with erythromelalgia of the finger tips, provisionally diagnosed as SLE. A subsequent histopathology examination proved it to be Hansens' disease Borderline Tuberculoid variety. Hansen's disease can be termed as the modern great imitator, displacing the traditional great imitator, syphilis.

  12. Hansen's disease with McCune-Albright syndrome.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Kvs Hari; Dhull, P; Bisht, Ys

    2012-10-01

    McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) comprises a triad of fibrous dysplasia of bone, café-au-lait macule, and endocrinopathy. The disease is due to activating mutation of G protein-coupled receptor leading to hyperfunction of glands. Hansen's disease is caused by infection with Mycobacterium leprae and is seen with underlying immunosuppressed conditions in genetically predisposed individuals. We recently encountered a patient with Hansen's disease along with underlying MAS and report the same in this report.

  13. Hansen's disease with McCune–Albright syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, KVS Hari; Dhull, P; Bisht, YS

    2012-01-01

    McCune–Albright syndrome (MAS) comprises a triad of fibrous dysplasia of bone, café-au-lait macule, and endocrinopathy. The disease is due to activating mutation of G protein-coupled receptor leading to hyperfunction of glands. Hansen's disease is caused by infection with Mycobacterium leprae and is seen with underlying immunosuppressed conditions in genetically predisposed individuals. We recently encountered a patient with Hansen's disease along with underlying MAS and report the same in this report. PMID:23326081

  14. Peter Andreas Hansen and the astronomical community - a first investigation of the Hansen papers. (German Title: Peter Andreas Hansen und die astronomische Gemeinschaft - eine erste Auswertung des Hansen-Nachlasses. )

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwarz, Oliver; Strumpf, Manfred

    The literary assets of Peter Andreas Hansen are deposited in the Staatsarchiv Hamburg, the Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek Gotha and the Thüringer Staatsarchiv Gotha. They were never systematically investigated. We present here some results of a first evaluation. It was possible to reconstruct the historical events with regard to the maintenance of the Astronomische Nachrichten and the Altona observatory in 1854. Hansen was a successful teacher for many young astronomers. His way of stimulating the evolution of astronomy followed Zach's tradition.

  15. The ophthalmic trials of G. H. A. Hansen.

    PubMed

    Marmor, Michael F

    2002-01-01

    G. H. A. Hansen (1841-1912) is widely known as the discoverer of the infectious cause of leprosy. It is less well known that his career was threatened by an episode involving experimentation on the eye. As a staff physician at the leprosy hospitals of Bergen, Norway, early in his career, Hansen learned about ocular involvement in leprosy and co-authored Leprous Diseases and the Eye. In 1873 he observed bacilli in leprous nodules, but proof of an infectious origin was difficult to obtain because the agent could not be cultured and no one had demonstrated direct transmission. Hansen tried several unsuccessful experiments, and in 1879 he passed a cataract knife that had incised an active leprous nodule into a woman's conjunctiva. No nodule developed, but the woman complained of pain and said she was never asked for permission. Hansen was brought to trial where eminent physicians testified on his behalf-but Hansen himself readily admitted that no permission had been sought for fear the woman would say no. He was convicted, and relieved of his post as staff physician, but he was allowed to retain an appointment as Chief Medical Officer of Health for Leprosy, in which capacity he worked for the rest of his life.

  16. [The etiology of leprosy and Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen: what does "Armauer" mean?].

    PubMed

    Hundeiker, M

    2014-09-01

    Hansen discovered the bacteria in 1873 in unstained material and is therefore recognized as the discoverer of the leprosy pathogen. Hansen is a very common surname but in contrast Armauer is a very rare surname. Gerhard Henrik Hansen added the maiden name of his grandmother on his mother's side to his name early on. This happened not only out of family attachments but also as a physician and aspiring scientist to set himself apart from other Hansens.

  17. [Armauer Hansen (1841-1912), portrait of a Nordic pioneer].

    PubMed

    Hansen, Willy; Freney, Jean

    2002-01-01

    Desending from a Danish family, Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen was born in Bergan, Norway, on 29 July, 1841. Graduated in medicine in 1866 from the University at Christiana (the former name of Oslo), he started his medical career as an assistant physician at the National Hospital of Oslo for one year, working afterwards as a medical officer for a fishing company outside the Arctic Circle. Taking not well his routine job, he soon returned to Bergen where he began his work on a disease known as leprosy at the age of 26 and as an assistant of D.C. Danielssen at the Lungegaarden Hospital. There he engaged in research and investigations on the nature of the disease. Studying the various types of leprosy (skin, nerve and visceral lesions), he was awarded, one year after beginning his work, the gold metal of the University for his first publication on the disease. While Danielssen leaned toward heredity as a dominant factor in leprosy, Hansen's conviction was that the disease must have an infectious causal agent. In about 1871, Hansen began to observe tiny little rods in tissue specimens and considered they could be the ethiologic agent of leprosy, the more he found these rods in all the infiltrated nodular lesions in his patients. Finally, he proposed on February 28, 1873, that the rods were bacilli, responsible of leprosy. Promoted to the rank of Chief of the Leprosy Service in 1875, he held his job for 37 years; Hansen's entire adult life was spent at work in leprosy. He edited the journal . Hansen was also an eminent zoologist engaged in studies involving mollusks and worms; Since 1874, he was president of the Bergen Museum of Natural History. Armauer Hansen died on February 12, 1912, and the funeral ceremonies took place in the Museum of Bergen where his ashes are still kept.

  18. Hansen's disease with HIV: a case of immune reconstitution disease.

    PubMed

    Chow, Dominic; Okinaka, Leila; Souza, Scott; Shikuma, Cecilia; Tice, Alan

    2009-03-01

    Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is an acute symptomatic expression of a latent infection during the recovery of the immune system usually as a response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Opportunistic infections can trigger IRIS. Hansen's disease is an infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae). There have been a limited number of case reports reporting the presentation of the co-infection of HIV and M. leprae. We report an unique case of IRIS in a patient co-infected with HIV and M. leprae presenting as an exacerbation of his Hansen's Disease where the patient's skin lesions progressed from borderline tuberculoid to lepromatous leprosy following ART administration.

  19. Problems of millipound thrust measurement. The "Hansen Suspension"

    SciTech Connect

    Carta, David G.

    2014-03-31

    Considered in detail are problems which led to the need and use of the 'Hansen Suspension'. Also discussed are problems which are likely to be encountered in any low level thrust measuring system. The methods of calibration and the accuracies involved are given careful attention. With all parameters optimized and calibration techniques perfected, the system was found capable of a resolution of 10 {mu} lbs. A comparison of thrust measurements made by the 'Hansen Suspension' with measurements of a less sophisticated device leads to some surprising results.

  20. Ocular manifestation in treated multibacillary Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Parikh, Rajul; Thomas, Saju; Muliyil, Jayaprakash; Parikh, Shefali; Thomas, Ravi

    2009-11-01

    To report the prevalence of ocular morbidity in patients with treated multibacillary Hansen's disease (HD) using modern ophthalmic diagnostic techniques in a rural community endemic for HD. Cross-sectional, observation study. All patients with multibacillary HD who had completed their multidrug therapy and who resided in 4 defined geographical areas in Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. All participants underwent a complete eye examination that included slit-lamp examination, esthesiometry, gonioscopy, applanation tonometry, and dilated fundus examination, including a stereobiomicroscopic examination of the fundus at an ophthalmic center set up for that purpose. Glaucoma suspects underwent automated perimetry using a Humphrey Field Analyzer (Humphrey Instruments, San Leandro, CA). The prevalence of various ocular disease parameters were reported as mean value with 95% confidence interval. The difference of disease prevalence between various leprosy groups was compared using an unpaired t test. The association between eye symptoms and potentially sight-threatening complications was analyzed using the chi-square test. Three hundred eighty-six of the 446 patients with multibacillary HD residing in the defined areas were evaluated. Four patients (1.04%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.0%-2.0%) were bilaterally blind; 33 (8.55%; 95% CI, 5.8%-11.3%) had unilateral blindness. Mean intraocular pressure was 12 mmHg (standard deviation, 4.1 mmHg), and prevalence of glaucoma was 3.6% (95% CI, 1.8%-5.5%). Potentially sight-threatening (PST) pathologic features (corneal anesthesia, lagophthalmos, uveitis, scleritis, and advanced glaucoma) were present in 10.4% (95% CI, 7.4%-13.4%) of patients. Significant cataracts occurred 3 times more frequently in those with polar lepromatous leprosy. The odds ratio for PST pathology in the presence of patient-reported symptoms (pain, redness, inability to close eye, burning, and irritation) was 2.9 (95% CI, 1.34-6.26). Patients who have completed

  1. Hansen's disease and HIV coinfection with facial nerve palsy.

    PubMed

    Yadav, Nidhi; Kar, Sumit; Madke, Bhushan; Gangane, Nitin

    2015-01-01

    There are very few published reports of HIV leprosy co infection in India in spite of having a large burden of both leprosy and HIV. Herein we are reporting a case of co-infection of Hansen's disease and HIV with facial nerve palsy.

  2. Extended Hansen solubility approach: naphthalene in individual solvents.

    PubMed

    Martin, A; Wu, P L; Adjei, A; Beerbower, A; Prausnitz, J M

    1981-11-01

    A multiple regression method using Hansen partial solubility parameters, delta D, delta p, and delta H, was used to reproduce the solubilities of naphthalene in pure polar and nonpolar solvents and to predict its solubility in untested solvents. The method, called the extended Hansen approach, was compared with the extended Hildebrand solubility approach and the universal-functional-group-activity-coefficient (UNIFAC) method. The Hildebrand regular solution theory was also used to calculate naphthalene solubility. Naphthalene, an aromatic molecule having no side chains or functional groups, is "well-behaved', i.e., its solubility in active solvents known to interact with drug molecules is fairly regular. Because of its simplicity, naphthalene is a suitable solute with which to initiate the difficult study of solubility phenomena. The three methods tested (Hildebrand regular solution theory was introduced only for comparison of solubilities in regular solution) yielded similar results, reproducing naphthalene solubilities within approximately 30% of literature values. In some cases, however, the error was considerably greater. The UNIFAC calculation is superior in that it requires only the solute's heat of fusion, the melting point, and a knowledge of chemical structures of solute and solvent. The extended Hansen and extended Hildebrand methods need experimental solubility data on which to carry out regression analysis. The extended Hansen approach was the method of second choice because of its adaptability to solutes and solvents from various classes. Sample calculations are included to illustrate methods of predicting solubilities in untested solvents at various temperatures. The UNIFAC method was successful in this regard.

  3. Hansen's disease in association with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome.

    PubMed

    George, Anju; Vidyadharan, Suja

    2016-01-01

    Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is characterized by a paradoxical worsening of an existing infection or disease process, soon after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. The first case of leprosy presenting as immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome was published in 2003. Here we report a case of Hansen's disease borderline tuberculoid presenting with type 1 lepra reaction 5 months after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy.

  4. A note on Hansen's coefficients in satellite theory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Giacaglia, G. E. O.

    1976-01-01

    General formulas for Hansen's coefficients in satellite theory are derived along with expressions for the eccentricity functions G and H. Recurrence relations for the eccentricity functions and their derivatives are obtained which are valid for all values of the parameter p. It is noted that the recurrence relations obtained by Challe and Laclaverie (1969) as well as by Balmino (1973) do not satisfy certain parity conditions and therefore involve coefficients outside the range of usage.

  5. Closed loop identification using a modified Hansen scheme

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sekunda, A.; Niemann, H.; Kjølstad Poulsen, N.; Santos, I.

    2015-11-01

    It is often not feasible or even impossible to identify a plant in open loop. This might be because the plant contains unstable poles, or it is simply too expensive to remove the plant from its intended operation, among other possibilities. There are several methods for identifying a plant in closed loop [4], and one such method is the Hansen scheme [1]. Standard identification using Hansen scheme demands generating the identification signals indirectly. In this paper it is instead proposed to use the relationship between the Youla factorization of a plant and its stabilizing controller to directly measure the signals used for identification. A simulation example and identification of a gas bearing is given to show the method in action. Rotors supported by controllable gas bearings are open loop stable systems. However as the rotational speed is increased feedback control is necessary in order to keep the system stable. Furthermore because the dynamics of such a system depends on the rotational speed it is needed to conduct an identification while the system is part of a closed loop scheme. The authors believe the paper able to contribute towards a simpler and more direct way of identifying closed loop plants using Hansen scheme.

  6. [The religious imaginary of Hansen's disease patients: a comparative study of former inmates of the asylums of São Paulo and current Hansen's disease patients].

    PubMed

    Mellagi, André Gonçalves; Monteiro, Yara Nogueira

    2009-01-01

    The article analyzes the religiosity of Hansen's disease patients who lived during two distinct treatment periods of the sick: that of internment in asylums and the current practice. Ten semi-structured interviews focused on health, religion and Hansen's disease, broaching the ways the two groups faced religion. In the former inmate group, the presence of institutionalized religion was noted, which served the purposes of vigilance and isolationist therapeutics. Present day Hansen's disease patients still feel the stigmatic weight of'leprosy" in certain situations. Five questionnaires were also given to DHDS health professionals, who presented their considerations concerning the patient's religion and the treatment.

  7. [Hansen's disease, social conditions, and deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon].

    PubMed

    Silva, Diego Ricardo Xavier; Ignotti, Eliane; Souza-Santos, Reinaldo; Hacon, Sandra de Souza

    2010-04-01

    To analyze the association between social and environmental indicators and the Hansen's disease new case detection rate (HNCDR) in the Brazilian Amazon. This ecological study was based on the new cases of Hansen's disease reported to the Brazilian Disease Surveillance System SINAN in 2006. Analyses were performed considering 105 micro-regions formed by adjacent municipalities with economic and social similarities. HNCDRs per 10 000 people were calculated. Independent variables were total area deforested (km(2)) in each micro-region until 2006; proportion of people living in households with rudimentary septic tanks; proportion of people living in households with water supply from wells; and human development index (HDI) in 2000. Local empirical Bayes smoothing was applied to HNCDR. Analyses were carried out to determined correlations and differences between means (analysis of variance) for a significance level of 5%. The Kernel technique was used to investigate the geographic distribution of events of interest for all the study indicators. A positive correlation was observed between HNCDR and total deforested area (r = 0.50; P < 0.000) and percent of households with rudimentary septic tanks (r = 0.49; P < 0.000). HDI was inversely correlated with HNCDR: the higher the HDI, the lower the HNCDR (r = -0.36; P < 0.000). Considering the entire region, proportion of households with water from wells was not associated with NCDR. The Hansen's disease new case detection rate, which reflects the magnitude of disease, is associated with social conditions and land settlement practices in the Brazilian Amazon.

  8. Evaluation of Lauge-Hansen designation of Weber C fractures.

    PubMed

    Hinds, Richard M; Schottel, Patrick C; Berkes, Marschall B; Little, Milton T M; Helfet, David L; Lorich, Dean G

    2014-01-01

    Associations between Weber C ankle fractures and pronation external rotation (PER) injuries of the Lauge-Hansen classification have often been incorrectly correlated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the Lauge-Hansen designation of Weber C fractures by establishing the proportion of Weber C fractures that are supination external rotation (SER), supination adduction (SA), pronation abduction (PA), PER, and hyperplantarflexion variant fractures. A clinical database of operative ankle fractures treated by the senior author (D.G.L.) was reviewed. The inclusion criteria were patient age older than 16 years, preoperative ankle radiographs, and Weber C fracture designation. A total of 132 patients met the inclusion criteria, and the proportion of PA, PER, SER, SA, and variant fractures among the Weber C fractures was analyzed. PA fractures accounted for 0.8% (n = 1), PER fractures 56.8% (n = 75), SER fractures 35.6% (n = 47), and hyperplantarflexion variant fractures 6.8% (n = 9) of the 132 Weber C fractures. Patients with Weber C-PER fractures were more commonly male (p = .005) and younger (p = .003) and demonstrated a greater fibular fracture height (p < .001) than those with Weber C-SER and Weber C-variant fractures. Our study quantitatively demonstrated that not all Weber C fractures occur secondary to pronation injuries. This distinction is important, because all pronation injuries will demonstrate medial ankle injury, but SER and variant fractures might not. We therefore recommend careful evaluation of the fibular fracture characteristics, including the direction of fracture propagation and the distance from the tibial plafond, when classifying Weber C fractures using the Lauge-Hansen system, because correct classification is vital in preparation for appropriate operative treatment. Copyright © 2014 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Co-morbid infections in Hansen's disease patients in the United States: considerations for treatment.

    PubMed

    Bilodeau, Madeline; Burns, Stephanie; Gawoski, John; Moschella, Samuel; Ooi, Winnie

    2013-10-01

    120 patients attending a Hansen's disease public health satellite clinic were evaluated for selected latent co-morbidities, consisting of strongyloidiasis, Chagas disease, hepatitis B, HIV, and tuberculosis, and potential exacerbation by immunosuppressive therapy. Implications for treatment of Hansen's disease are discussed.

  10. A Return to the Human in Humanism: A Response to Hansen's Humanistic Vision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemberger, Matthew E.

    2012-01-01

    In his extension of the humanistic vision, Hansen (2012) recommends that counseling practitioners and scholars adopt operations that are consistent with his definition of a multiple-perspective philosophy. Alternatively, the author of this article believes that Hansen has reduced the capacity of the human to interpret meaning through quantitative…

  11. Extending the Dialogue about Science and Humanities in Counseling: A Reply to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Clayton V.; Guterman, Jeffrey T.; Kopp, David M.

    2012-01-01

    This is a reply to Hansen's (2012b) rejoinder to the authors (Guterman, Martin, & Kopp, 2012), which is a response to Hansen's (2012a) keystone article about the relationship between humanities and science in counseling. In this reply, the authors provide remaining clarifications, points of disagreement, and suggestions for future directions in…

  12. A Return to the Human in Humanism: A Response to Hansen's Humanistic Vision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemberger, Matthew E.

    2012-01-01

    In his extension of the humanistic vision, Hansen (2012) recommends that counseling practitioners and scholars adopt operations that are consistent with his definition of a multiple-perspective philosophy. Alternatively, the author of this article believes that Hansen has reduced the capacity of the human to interpret meaning through quantitative…

  13. The Value of Social Constructionism for the Counseling Profession: A Reply to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudes, James; Guterman, Jeffrey T.

    2007-01-01

    The authors reply to J. T. Hansen's (2005) call for the profession to revalue the inner subjective experiences (ISE) of clients. Hansen argued that social constructionism has influenced the decline of the counseling profession by obscuring its unique focus on ISE. The authors maintain that social constructionism is a useful framework for…

  14. The Value of Social Constructionism for the Counseling Profession: A Reply to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudes, James; Guterman, Jeffrey T.

    2007-01-01

    The authors reply to J. T. Hansen's (2005) call for the profession to revalue the inner subjective experiences (ISE) of clients. Hansen argued that social constructionism has influenced the decline of the counseling profession by obscuring its unique focus on ISE. The authors maintain that social constructionism is a useful framework for…

  15. Incidence of Hansen's Disease--United States, 1994-2011.

    PubMed

    Nolen, Leisha; Haberling, Dana; Scollard, David; Truman, Richard; Rodriguez-Lainz, Alfonso; Blum, Laura; Blaney, David

    2014-10-31

    Hansen's disease (HD), or leprosy, is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae and is reportable in many states. It is a chronic disease affecting the skin and nerves, commonly presenting as pale or reddish skin patches with diminished sensation. Without treatment, it can progress to a severely debilitating disease with nerve damage, tissue destruction, and functional loss. An important factor in limiting HD morbidity is early diagnosis and prompt initiation of therapy. Because HD is rare, clinicians in the United States are often unfamiliar with it; however, HD continues to cause morbidity in the United States. To better characterize at-risk U.S. populations, HD trends during 1994-2011 were evaluated by reviewing records from the National Hansen's Disease Program (NHDP). When the periods 1994-1996 and 2009-2011 were compared, a decline in the rate for new diagnoses from 0.52 to 0.43 per million was observed. The rate among foreign-born persons decreased from 3.66 to 2.29, whereas the rate among U.S.-born persons was 0.16 in both 1994-1996 and 2009-2011. Delayed diagnosis was more common among foreign-born persons. Clinicians throughout the United States should familiarize themselves with the signs and symptoms of HD and understand that HD can occur in the United States.

  16. [Hansen's disease in the northern region of Brazil--1986].

    PubMed

    Britto, R da S

    1989-12-01

    Some general facts about Hansen's Disease are presented: in the world, in the Americas, in 1986, with the purpose to focalize on the Northern Region of Brazil (Amazon Valley) where an attempt is made to specify, State, the clinical forms in the active registry, the respective coefficients of Prevalence, about the cases detected during the year, by clinical forms and the correspondent Coefficient of Incidence, the age range of less than 15 years, and above 15 years; and to analyze according to the township in the State of Amazonas in a series of 8 years, from 1979 to 1986, the registered cases under control and also without control, the new cases, by clinical form and Coefficient of Incidence, the positive cases among students in the capital and also in the country, and with more details, still by township and by Public Health Registry, in 1986, with the population, new cases, and Coefficient of Incidence, cases of the active registry, cases under control, Coefficient of Incidence, the relationship between patients/inhabitants, cases according to the decreasing intensity as far as the Prevalence and Health Department Regions: all this to give an idea, in detail, inclusive statistics, of the real position of Hansen's Disease in the Northern Region (Amazon Valley), with the highest figures of Prevalence and even of Incidence, in comparison with other Regions of the country, and to stress the grave situation of the endemic proportions of the disease, in Brazil in general and in that Regions, in particular.

  17. Chronicles of Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen's Life and Work.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Sangita; Chaudhuri, Soumik

    2015-01-01

    Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen, a Norwegian scientist, discovered Mycobacterium leprae as the causative organism for leprosy, defying the hereditary affliction theory of the disease. He was born in Bergen, Norway in 1841 in a Danish family. After acquiring his medical degree in 1866 from the University of Oslo, he joined as an assistant physician in a leprosy hospital in Bergen. In 1873, he published his report claiming leprosy to be an infectious disease with a description of the infectious material in leprous tissue. His conviction of belief and an unstinted devotion to a lifetime of scientific research changed the way leprosy was approached as a disease. It was the fruit of his untiring work that the amended act of 1885 was passed, which resulted in steady decline in leprosy burden in Norway. In February 1912 he breathed his last, leaving behind an inspirational story of a brave heart scientist who fought all odds to unveil the truth for the benefit of mankind.

  18. Hansen's disease (leprosy) complicated by secondary mycobacterial infection.

    PubMed

    Scollard, David M; Stryjewska, Barbara M; Prestigiacomo, John F; Gillis, Thomas P; Waguespack-Labiche, Jennifer

    2011-03-01

    A patient with Hansen's disease received corticosteroids for a type 1 leprosy reaction and subsequently developed a new cutaneous lesion at the original biopsy site from which Mycobacterium fortuitum was cultured. A review of the literature found only two other cases of coinfection with atypical mycobacteria and Mycobacterium leprae, although there are many reports of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with leprosy. This case highlights the diagnostic difficulties encountered when a patient has two different mycobacterial infections of the skin. The published experience emphasizes that such coinfection is remarkably uncommon in leprosy, despite the frequent use of high doses of corticosteroids for leprosy reactions. Copyright © 2009 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Tinea Barbae: In Released from Treatment (RFT) Hansen's Disease Patient.

    PubMed

    Thangaraju, Pugazhenthan; Giri, Vc; Singh, Hosanna; Kumar, Vinod; Ali, Showkath

    2014-07-01

    Hansen Disease (leprosy) is a chronic inflammatory infectious disease that primarily targets skin, nerves and other internal organs (testis, liver etc.) caused by the acid fast intracellular bacilli, Mycobacterium leprae. Clinical presentation occurs with a wide spectrum including hypo pigmented anaesthetic patches, raised erythematous plaques and nodules and thickened peripheral nerves showing tenderness. The most important complication is the disability and deformity. The diagnosis of leprosy is frequently delayed because of its similarity with other more common skin conditions prevailing in some non endemic areas. We present a rare case report of tinea barbae in an old treated case of leprosy. This case is one of the rarest fungal infection in leprosy patient searched in PUBMED as there were other more tinea infection involving various sites in body which sometimes misdiagnosed as leprosy.

  20. Hypnotherapy: A Useful Adjunctive Therapeutic Modality in Hansen's Disease.

    PubMed

    Abdul Latheef, En; Riyaz, Najeeba

    2014-03-01

    Hypnotherapy is a useful adjunctive psychotherapeutic procedure used in various conditions such as pain disorders, atopic dermatitis, and alopecia areata. However, it is less utilized in the field of dermatology. Only limited data exist on its role in the management of various skin diseases. There is dearth of literature on the role of hypnotherapy in Hansen's disease (HD). We report two cases of HD, one with very resistant neuralgia and the other with recurrent erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL). Both the patients were assessed using hospital anxiety and depression scale, dermatology life quality index and the neuralgia was assessed using the visual analog scale. Three sessions of hypnotherapy were given to both the patients. There was dramatic improvement in the incidence of ENL and neuralgia and we could rapidly reduce the dose of drugs used for both conditions.

  1. Hypnotherapy: A Useful Adjunctive Therapeutic Modality in Hansen's Disease

    PubMed Central

    Abdul Latheef, EN; Riyaz, Najeeba

    2014-01-01

    Hypnotherapy is a useful adjunctive psychotherapeutic procedure used in various conditions such as pain disorders, atopic dermatitis, and alopecia areata. However, it is less utilized in the field of dermatology. Only limited data exist on its role in the management of various skin diseases. There is dearth of literature on the role of hypnotherapy in Hansen's disease (HD). We report two cases of HD, one with very resistant neuralgia and the other with recurrent erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL). Both the patients were assessed using hospital anxiety and depression scale, dermatology life quality index and the neuralgia was assessed using the visual analog scale. Three sessions of hypnotherapy were given to both the patients. There was dramatic improvement in the incidence of ENL and neuralgia and we could rapidly reduce the dose of drugs used for both conditions. PMID:24700936

  2. Surface state of carbon nanotubes and Hansen solubility parameters.

    PubMed

    Detriche, S; Nagy, J B; Mekhalif, Z; Delhalle, J

    2009-10-01

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are often described as insoluble or poorly soluble in organic solvents. In a recent study, we have reported that nonfunctionalized CNTs can be solubilized in suitably chosen organic solvents. Furthermore, their solubility could be understood in terms of the Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSPs). The present work addresses further the question of the CNTs solubility by considering a larger range of solvents. A second part is devoted to the application of the HSPs to two types of functionalized CNTs: oxidized and silanized. These results stress the critical role played by the surface state of the CNTs, on the one hand, and the interest in using the HSPs to guide solubility investigations, on the other hand.

  3. Role of Hansen solubility parameters in solid phase extraction.

    PubMed

    Bielicka-Daszkiewicz, K; Voelkel, A; Pietrzyńska, M; Héberger, K

    2010-08-27

    The sorbent-eluent systems combined from eight polymeric sorbents and seven solvents as eluents were used for the extraction of phenol and its oxidation products from water samples. The individual interactions between sorbents, eluents and analytes were characterized by Hansen solubility parameters. Principal components analysis (PCA) was used for revealing the dominant interactions (dispersive, polar, and hydrogen bonding type) in sorbent-analyte-eluent systems. The importance of solubility parameters was also determined by a novel procedure based on sum of ranking differences (SRD). Although PCA and ranking by SRD are based on different principles and calculations, they have provided very similar results. The recovery in a given system has been predicted from the magnitudes of mutual interactions (sorbent-analyte, sorbent-eluent, analyte-eluent) by multiple linear regression.

  4. Extended Hansen approach: calculating partial solubility parameters of solid solutes.

    PubMed

    Wu, P L; Beerbower, A; Martin, A

    1982-11-01

    A multiple linear regression method, known as the extended Hansen solubility approach, was used to estimate the partial solubility parameters, delta d, delta p, and delta h for crystalline solutes. The method is useful, since organic compounds may decompose near their melting points, and it is not possible, to determine solubility parameters for these solid compounds by the methods used for liquid solvents. The method gives good partial and total solubility parameters for naphthalene; with related compounds, less satisfactory results were obtained. At least three conditions, pertaining to the regression equation and the solvent systems, must be met in order to obtain reasonable solute solubility parameters. In addition to providing partial solubility parameters, the regression equations afford a calculation of solute solubility in both polar and nonpolar solvents.

  5. Hansen solubility parameters for polyethylene glycols by inverse gas chromatography.

    PubMed

    Adamska, Katarzyna; Voelkel, Adam

    2006-11-03

    Inverse gas chromatography (IGC) has been applied to determine solubility parameter and its components for nonionic surfactants--polyethylene glycols (PEG) of different molecular weight. Flory-Huggins interaction parameter (chi) and solubility parameter (delta(2)) were calculated according to DiPaola-Baranyi and Guillet method from experimentally collected retention data for the series of carefully selected test solutes. The Hansen's three-dimensional solubility parameters concept was applied to determine components (delta(d), delta(p), delta(h)) of corrected solubility parameter (delta(T)). The molecular weight and temperature of measurement influence the solubility parameter data, estimated from the slope, intercept and total solubility parameter. The solubility parameters calculated from the intercept are lower than those calculated from the slope. Temperature and structural dependences of the entopic factor (chi(S)) are presented and discussed.

  6. Indigenous Cases of Leprosy (Hansen's Disease) in Southern Mississippi.

    PubMed

    Marcos, Luis A; Dobbs, Thomas; Walker, Sue; Waller, William; Stryjewska, Barbara M

    2015-07-01

    Hansen's disease or leprosy is a chronic infection of the skin and peripheral nerves caused by Mycobacterium leprae. In the U.S., leprosy is mainly reported in immigrants, but indigenous leprosy cases have been also reported in this country, especially in semitropical southern states (i.e., Texas, Louisiana). The objective of this series of cases is to describe indigenous leprosy cases reported in southern Mississippi (MS) during the period 2012-2014. Information was collected from medical records at Hattiesburg Clinic and the MS Department of Health. Four cases were reported during the period of study (3 Caucasian males, 1 African-American woman). Non of visited endemic leprosy country. The age ranged from 60 to 83 years (median: 75.5 years). Of the four cases, three presented with a slowly progressive erythematous rash disseminated mainly on the thorax and abdomen, with a lesser degree on the extremities. The time between onset of rash until the diagnosis ranged from 5 to 16 months (median: 7 months). Only one case had direct contact with armadillos (blood exposure). Non of these patients had a history of immunosuppression. The most common symptoms were neuropathic pain (n=2), generalized pruritus (n=2) and loss of sensation in extremities (n=2). One case had severe peripheral neuropathy with muscle weakness, atrophy in left arm, and wasting on left hand. Skin biopsies showed diffuse granulomatous infiltrate with foamy histiocytes along with acid fast bacilli by Fite stain. By Ridley-Jopling classification system, three cases were diagnosis as lepromatous leprosy, and one, borderline lepromatous. Treatment included clofazimine, dapsone and rifampin that was offered free of charge by the National Hansen's Diseases Program, Baton Rouge, L.A. One patient did not tolerate therapy. In conclusion, a slowly progressive disseminated erythematous skin rash on the trunk should raise suspicion for leprosy in the elderly population in south MS.

  7. Truth and opinion in climate change discourse: the Gore-Hansen disagreement.

    PubMed

    Russill, Chris

    2011-11-01

    In this paper, I discuss the "inconvenient truth" strategy of Al Gore. I argue that Gore's notion of truth upholds a conception of science and policy that narrows our understanding of climate change discourse. In one notable exchange, Gore and NASA scientist, James Hansen, disagreed about whether scientific statements based on Hansen's computer simulations were truth or opinion. This exchange is featured in An Inconvenient Truth, yet the disagreement is edited from the film and presented simply as an instance of Hansen speaking "inconvenient truth". In this article, I compare the filmic representation of Hansen's testimony with the congressional record. I place their exchange in a broader historical perspective on climate change disputation in order to discuss the implications of Gore's perspective on truth.

  8. Active Surveillance of Hansen's Disease (Leprosy): Importance for Case Finding among Extra-domiciliary Contacts

    PubMed Central

    Moura, Maria L. N.; Dupnik, Kathryn M.; Sampaio, Gabriel A. A.; Nóbrega, Priscilla F. C.; Jeronimo, Ana K.; do Nascimento-Filho, Jose M.; Miranda Dantas, Roberta L.; Queiroz, Jose W.; Barbosa, James D.; Dias, Gutemberg; Jeronimo, Selma M. B.; Souza, Marcia C. F.; Nobre, Maurício L.

    2013-01-01

    Hansen's disease (leprosy) remains an important health problem in Brazil, where 34,894 new cases were diagnosed in 2010, corresponding to 15.3% of the world's new cases detected in that year. The purpose of this study was to use home visits as a tool for surveillance of Hansen's disease in a hyperendemic area in Brazil. A total of 258 residences were visited with 719 individuals examined. Of these, 82 individuals had had a previous history of Hansen's disease, 209 were their household contacts and 428 lived in neighboring residences. Fifteen new Hansen's disease cases were confirmed, yielding a detection rate of 2.0% of people examined. There was no difference in the detection rate between household and neighbor contacts (p = 0.615). The two groups had the same background in relation to education (p = 0.510), household income (p = 0.582), and the number of people living in the residence (p = 0.188). Spatial analysis showed clustering of newly diagnosed cases and association with residential coordinates of previously diagnosed multibacillary cases. Active case finding is an important tool for Hansen's disease control in hyperendemic areas, enabling earlier diagnosis, treatment, decrease in disability from Hansen's disease and potentially less spread of Mycobacterium leprae. PMID:23516645

  9. Active surveillance of Hansen's Disease (leprosy): importance for case finding among extra-domiciliary contacts.

    PubMed

    Moura, Maria L N; Dupnik, Kathryn M; Sampaio, Gabriel A A; Nóbrega, Priscilla F C; Jeronimo, Ana K; do Nascimento-Filho, Jose M; Miranda Dantas, Roberta L; Queiroz, Jose W; Barbosa, James D; Dias, Gutemberg; Jeronimo, Selma M B; Souza, Marcia C F; Nobre, Maurício L

    2013-01-01

    Hansen's disease (leprosy) remains an important health problem in Brazil, where 34,894 new cases were diagnosed in 2010, corresponding to 15.3% of the world's new cases detected in that year. The purpose of this study was to use home visits as a tool for surveillance of Hansen's disease in a hyperendemic area in Brazil. A total of 258 residences were visited with 719 individuals examined. Of these, 82 individuals had had a previous history of Hansen's disease, 209 were their household contacts and 428 lived in neighboring residences. Fifteen new Hansen's disease cases were confirmed, yielding a detection rate of 2.0% of people examined. There was no difference in the detection rate between household and neighbor contacts (p = 0.615). The two groups had the same background in relation to education (p = 0.510), household income (p = 0.582), and the number of people living in the residence (p = 0.188). Spatial analysis showed clustering of newly diagnosed cases and association with residential coordinates of previously diagnosed multibacillary cases. Active case finding is an important tool for Hansen's disease control in hyperendemic areas, enabling earlier diagnosis, treatment, decrease in disability from Hansen's disease and potentially less spread of Mycobacterium leprae.

  10. Hansen solubility parameter as a tool to predict cocrystal formation.

    PubMed

    Mohammad, Mohammad Amin; Alhalaweh, Amjad; Velaga, Sitaram P

    2011-04-04

    The objective of this study was to investigate whether the miscibility of a drug and coformer, as predicted by Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs), can indicate cocrystal formation and guide cocrystal screening. It was also our aim to evaluate various HSPs-based approaches in miscibility prediction. HSPs for indomethacin (the model drug) and over thirty coformers were calculated according to the group contribution method. Differences in the HSPs between indomethacin and each coformer were then calculated using three established approaches, and the miscibility was predicted. Subsequently, differential scanning calorimetry was used to investigate the experimental miscibility and cocrystal formation. The formation of cocrystals was also verified using liquid-assisted grinding. All except one of the drug-coformers that were predicted to be miscible were confirmed experimentally as miscible. All tested theoretical approaches were in agreement in predicting miscibility. All systems that formed cocrystals were miscible. Remarkably, two new cocrystals of indomethacin were discovered in this study. Though it may be necessary to test this approach in a wide range of different coformer and drug compound types for accurate generalizations, the trends with tested systems were clear and suggest that the drug and coformer should be miscible for cocrystal formation. Thus, predicting the miscibility of cocrystal components using solubility parameters can guide the selection of potential coformers prior to exhaustive cocrystal screening work.

  11. Hansen solubility parameter analysis on the dispersion of zirconia nanocrystals.

    PubMed

    Wang, Sho-Hsun; Liu, Jia-Hong; Pai, Chin-Tung; Chen, Chien-Wei; Chung, Pao-Tang; Chiang, Anthony Shiaw-Tseh; Chang, Shinn-Jen

    2013-10-01

    Nanoparticle dispersible in a broad range of solvents is desirable when preparing an organic/inorganic nanocomposite. In this report, the dispersion behavior of carboxylate-grafted zirconia nanoparticle in 25 solvents covering a wide range of polarity was analyzed based on their Hansen solubility parameters (HSP). Particles grafted with alkyl-chain longer than four carbons could only be dispersed in non-polar solvents, while that grafted with acetic acid was dispersible in polar ones. However, particle modified with methacrylic acid (MA) was compatible with both types of solvents, which was rather unexpected. Further NMR analysis showed that the carboxylate-grafted samples contained a trace amount of triethanolamine (TEA) due to the particular ZrO2 synthesis process employed. The combination of the hydrophilic TEA ligand with the short hydrophobic tail of methacrylate broadened the range of compatible solvents from benzene to methanol. Such an extended solvent compatibility was observed previously only for nanoparticles covered with large polymer surfactants having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups. Achieving this with two small molecules having separate functional groups is crucial when one needs to maximize the inorganic content in a composite.

  12. Chronicles of Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen's Life and Work

    PubMed Central

    Ghosh, Sangita; Chaudhuri, Soumik

    2015-01-01

    Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen, a Norwegian scientist, discovered Mycobacterium leprae as the causative organism for leprosy, defying the hereditary affliction theory of the disease. He was born in Bergen, Norway in 1841 in a Danish family. After acquiring his medical degree in 1866 from the University of Oslo, he joined as an assistant physician in a leprosy hospital in Bergen. In 1873, he published his report claiming leprosy to be an infectious disease with a description of the infectious material in leprous tissue. His conviction of belief and an unstinted devotion to a lifetime of scientific research changed the way leprosy was approached as a disease. It was the fruit of his untiring work that the amended act of 1885 was passed, which resulted in steady decline in leprosy burden in Norway. In February 1912 he breathed his last, leaving behind an inspirational story of a brave heart scientist who fought all odds to unveil the truth for the benefit of mankind. PMID:26120145

  13. [Some immunological aspects in the reaccional states of Hansen disease].

    PubMed

    Rada, Elsa; Nacarid, Aranzazu; Convit, Jacinto

    2005-12-01

    The crucial clinical problem in leprosy is represented by episodes of intense inflammation that produce nerve damage. When Mycobacterium leprae has been eliminated by means of antibiotics, the death of the bacteria is not a complete solution to the damage caused in nerves. Two of the more frequent immunopathological phenomena in Hansen's disease are Type I, reactions, known as Reversal Reactions (RR), and Type II reactions, of which the most frequent and well known are those called Erythema Nodosum Leprosum (ENL). Type II reactions have been defined as an immunologic complication in multibacillary patients. Both types of reactions are accompanied mainly by the increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha, IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, INF-gamma, IL-10, IL-12, among others. In a retrospective analysis of a population of 150 patients of the Central Service of Dermatology, Institute of Biomedicine, where these patients were subjected to Multidrug Therapy (MDT) and MDT + inmunotherapy (IMT), both groups presented type II reactions, but the group that additionally received inmunotherapy also presented type I reactions. In the group of patients that presented ENL, it appeared to be associated with the large amount of bacilli in their lesions.

  14. Correlation of polymer performance and Hansen solubility parameters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mania, Daniel Jobse

    Ready-to-use (RTU) grout is becoming more important to the finish and remodeling construction industry. Market research shows it to be a fast-growing product that not only is creating its own space but also is beginning to supplant existing technology. The original intent of this research was to investigate formulation parameters and how they affect grout performance. It was learned that particle size and oil absorption (OA) value are important filler properties that affect performance as much as adequate packing density and optimal pigment volume concentration (PVC) without going beyond critical PVC (CPVC). Polymer architecture was also determined to be extremely important, but difficult to predict. Properties such as tensile strength and elongation can be adequately modeled by polymer Tg, however, Tg alone is not a good predictor of hydrophobicity or stain repellency performance. This conundrum led to research into Hansen solubility parameters (HSP) and whether these could be used as performance predictive tools. Since HSP of polymers cannot be directly measured, Group Contribution Theory (GCT) had to be employed to estimate polymer HSP. It was determined that HSP is not as good of a performance predictor for physical strength properties, like tensile strength, as polymer Tg: but HSP does have utility for relative performance prediction of wet state properties such as hydrophobicity, stain repellency, or solvent resistance. It was further discovered that HSP may be useful with predicting relative performance of wet state properties such as wet tensile strength and elongation.

  15. Hansen's disease (Leprosy): current and future pharmacotherapy and treatment of disease-related immunologic reactions.

    PubMed

    Legendre, Davey P; Muzny, Christina A; Swiatlo, Edwin

    2012-01-01

    Hansen's disease, also known as leprosy, remains an important public health problem throughout the world, including North America. The causative microbe in Hansen's disease is Mycobacterium leprae, an acid-fast organism that is difficult to grow in vitro. The nine-banded armadillo is the major animal reservoir in the United States. Manifestations of disease vary based on host immune response and can range from tuberculoid to lepromatous leprosy (paucibacillary to multibacillary disease). Hansen's disease typically affects the skin, nerves, and eyes, and patients may present with skin lesions, weakness, numbness, eye pain, or loss of vision. Definitive diagnosis is based on a combination of physical examination findings and skin biopsy and/or smear. Modern antibacterial therapy typically consists of combinations of dapsone and rifampin with or without clofazimine. Clofazimine is available only as an investigational drug through the National Hansen's Disease Program. Other options include moxifloxacin, ofloxacin, minocycline, and clarithromycin. Hansen's disease is associated with type 1 (reversal) and type 2 (erythema nodosum leprosum) immunologic reactions, during which the disease process appears to worsen dramatically. These reactions may occur at any time before, during, or after treatment. Antibacterial therapy should usually be continued during these reactions. Treatment options for these reactions differ based on clinical manifestations and include corticosteroids, thalidomide, pentoxiphylline, tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, and T cell inhibitors. Prompt diagnosis, antimicrobial therapy, and treatment of reactions dramatically reduce complications of the disease. © 2012, Pharmacotherapy Publications, Inc.

  16. Hansen's disease recoverers as agents of change: a case study in Japan.

    PubMed

    Hosoda, Miwako

    2010-03-01

    This manuscript addresses the role and contribution of people affected by Hansen's disease (leprosy), especially through the efforts of Zen-Ryo-Kyo, the National Hansen's Disease Sanatoria Residents' Association, in changing laws and attitudes in Japan since the 1950's. Health social movements are discussed in the Japanese context and more broadly. An important contribution of this manuscript is the explanatory description of the activities of Zen-Ryo-Kyo in achieving change through addressing issues related to social stigma and discrimination. The argument is made for expanding the scope of social movements to include all stigmatised illnesses and disabilities. Another significant point discussed is the need to move beyond defining Hansen's disease in medical and legal terms, and to redefine it as a public health and social issue to be solved.

  17. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography findings of iris granulomas in Hansen's disease: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background A 50-year-old male was diagnosed to have a right eye sclerouveitis and left eye granulomatous anterior uveitis due to Hansen's disease. We are reporting the anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) findings of iris granuloma in this case. Findings Skin biopsy revealed plenty of acid fast bacilli with a bacteriological index of 5 suggestive of multibacillary polar lepromatous leprosy. ASOCT revealed well-demarcated smooth-surfaced nodular lesion with internal hyporeflectivity corresponding to the areas of granuloma which decreased in size following treatment with antileprosy drugs and systemic and topical steroids. Conclusion ASOCT is a non-invasive technique to assess the extent of involvement of anterior segment in Hansen's disease and is a useful tool in follow-up. This is also the first report on ASOCT findings of iris granuloma in Hansen's disease. PMID:23514098

  18. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography findings of iris granulomas in Hansen's disease: a case report.

    PubMed

    Mahendradas, Padmamalini; Avadhani, Kavitha; Ramachandran, Sarika; Srinivas, Sahana; Naik, Madhavi; Shetty, K Bhujang

    2013-02-11

    A 50-year-old male was diagnosed to have a right eye sclerouveitis and left eye granulomatous anterior uveitis due to Hansen's disease. We are reporting the anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) findings of iris granuloma in this case. Skin biopsy revealed plenty of acid fast bacilli with a bacteriological index of 5 suggestive of multibacillary polar lepromatous leprosy. ASOCT revealed well-demarcated smooth-surfaced nodular lesion with internal hyporeflectivity corresponding to the areas of granuloma which decreased in size following treatment with antileprosy drugs and systemic and topical steroids. ASOCT is a non-invasive technique to assess the extent of involvement of anterior segment in Hansen's disease and is a useful tool in follow-up. This is also the first report on ASOCT findings of iris granuloma in Hansen's disease.

  19. Treatment of leprosy/Hansen's disease in the early 21st century.

    PubMed

    Worobec, Sophie M

    2009-01-01

    Leprosy, or Hansen's disease (HD), is caused by Mycobacterium leprae, a slowly dividing mycobacterium that has evolved to be an intracellular parasite, causing skin lesions and nerve damage. Less than 5% of people exposed to M. leprae develop clinical disease. Host cell-mediated resistance determines whether an individual will develop paucibacillary or multibacillary disease. Hansen's disease is a worldwide disease with about 150 new cases reported annually in the United States. Effective anti-mycobacterial treatments are available, and many patients experience severe reversal and erythema nodosum leprosum reactions that also require treatment. Leprosy has been the target of a World Health Organization multiple drug therapy campaign to eliminate it as a national public health problem in member countries, but endemic regions persist. In the United States, the National Hansen's Disease Program has primary responsibility for medical care, research, and information.

  20. [What Hansen's disease research learned from tuberculosis research: from molecular biological aspect].

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Yasuhiko; Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki; Kim, Hyun; Yokoyama, Kazumasa; Nakajima, Chie

    2014-12-01

    As for the Mycobacterium leprae which is a causative agent of Hansen's disease, many studies had been done since it was identified in 1873. However, those studies, at the same time, experienced many struggles because of the difficulty of culture of M. leprae on the artificial growth media. Hence, the study of Hansen's disease progressed by taking the knowledge from the study of tuberculosis caused by the bacteria belonging to the same genus, genus Mycobacterium. For instance, the knowledge of mutations in specific genes responsible for rifampicin- and quinolone-resistance in M. tuberculosis led the elucidation of drug-resistant acquisition mechanism of M. leprae. Similarly, it is necessary for the researcher of Hansen's disease to get important information from the latest topic of the tuberculosis study and utilize them to the study of the disease.

  1. [History for animal model of Hansen's disease and characteristics of leprosy in hypertensive nude rat].

    PubMed

    Yogi, Yasuko; Fujimura, Takao; Suzuki, Koichi

    2008-09-01

    The long search of an animal model for leprosy were carried out as many researchers since the Mycobacterium leprae discovery by Dr. Hansen in 1874. The remarkable results were left after the development of the foot-pad method by Dr. Shepard in 1960. The introduction of the T-R mouse and athymic (nude) mouse for leprosy research, alsospontaneity examples of Hansen's disease was reported to armadillo, chimpanzee and mangabay monkey, and it was confirmed that Hansen's disease was the zoonosis. Although, We have established a congenic hypertensive nude rat, SHR/NCrj-rnu (SHR.F344-Foxn(rnu)), carrying nude (rnu) and hypertension genes. SHR/NCrj-rnu rats obtained showed high susceptibility to M. leprae and showed a characteristic disease with a progressive pattern of leproma formation. Also this hypertensive nude rat strain produce high level of IL-10. Therefore, congenic hypertensive nude rat may be useful for an animal model to leprosy.

  2. [The compulsory isolation of Hansen's disease patients: memories of the elderly].

    PubMed

    de Castro, Selma Munhoz Sanches; Watanabe, Helena Akemi Wada

    2009-01-01

    From 1924 to 1962, Brazil used compulsory internment of Hansen's disease patients as one of the ways of controlling the disease in the community. After this policy ended, many patients continued to live in these units. The former Asilo Pirapitingui, now the Hospital Dr. Francisco Ribeiro Arantes, is the only old-style asylum for the socially determined internment of those suffering from Hansen's disease. Through recorded and transcribed interviews of eight of those remaining, we sought to learn their history and the meaning of this isolation in their lives. The thematic analysis of the discourse enabled identification of the following analysis categories: Hansen's disease; internment day-to-day life; the institution; current health conditions; and staying in the institution after the end of compulsory internment.

  3. Hansen's disease in the state of Amazonas: policy and institutional treatment of a disease.

    PubMed

    Schweickardt, Julio Cesar; Xerez, Luena Matheus de

    2015-12-01

    This article discusses the historical aspects of the policies for controlling Hansen's disease in the state of Amazonas from the second half of the nineteenth century until the dismantling of this model in 1978. We present the historical changes in the local institutions and policies, and their relationship with national policies. The history and policies related to Hansen's disease in the state of Amazonas are analyzed through the following institutions: Umirisal, the Oswaldo Cruz Dispensary, the Paricatuba Leprosarium, the Antônio Aleixo Colony, and the Gustavo Capanema Preventorium. We seek to show that these institutions cared for the people who suffered from Hansen's disease and those related to them, and were also responsible for carrying out the policies for fighting and controlling the disease.

  4. Prediction of Hansen Solubility Parameters with a New Group-Contribution Method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stefanis, Emmanuel; Panayiotou, Costas

    2008-04-01

    A group-contribution method for the estimation of Hansen solubility parameters of pure organic compounds is presented. It uses two kinds of characteristic groups: first-order groups that describe the basic molecular structure of compounds and second-order groups, which are based on the conjugation theory and improve the accuracy of predictions. A large variety of characteristic groups ensure the prediction of Hansen solubility parameters for a broad series of organic compounds, including those having complex multi-ring, heterocyclic, and aromatic structures. The predictions are exclusively based on the molecular structure of compounds, and no experimental data are needed. The predicted values permit a fairly reliable selection of solvents based on the radius of a Hansen solubility parameter sphere or on a Teas parameter ternary plot. Especially designed algorithms permit the preparation of a list of new molecular structures which, if synthesized, could be the ideally suited solvents for a series of corresponding applications.

  5. Effectiveness of cervical hemilaminectomy in canine Hansen Type I and Type II disc disease: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Schmied, Oliver; Golini, Lorenzo; Steffen, Frank

    2011-01-01

    Medical records of 41 dogs, including 15 small breed dogs (<15 kg) and 26 large breed dogs (>15 kg), with cervical intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) that underwent a hemilaminectomy were reviewed. Dogs were diagnosed using myelography, computed tomography/myelography, or MRI, and dogs were classified as having either Hansen Type I disc extrusion or Hansen Type II disc protrusion located ventrally, ventrolaterally, or laterally within the cervical spinal canal. The most common clinical presentation was ambulatory tetraparesis and/or lameness (44%). The most affected sites for cervical IVDD were between the sixth and seventh cervical vertebrae (C6-C7; 78% of Hansen Type II discs) and C2-C3 (86% of Hansen Type I discs). Treatment was effective in 88% of dogs. Five large breed dogs (12%) did not improve. In dogs with a Hansen Type I disc extrusion, clinical signs improved in 96% of the cases. In dogs with a Hansen Type II disc protrusion, an excellent and good outcome was seen in 47% and 32% of cases, respectively. Outcome was significantly better for small breed dogs and dogs with Hansen Type I disc disease compared with large breed dogs and dogs with Hansen Type II disc disease.

  6. [Activity of daily living and life quality of patients with Hansen's disease in Taiwan].

    PubMed

    Wu, Li-Ling; Cheng, Shun-Ping; Lee, Nie-Sue; Chen, I-Ju

    2010-10-01

    Hansen's Disease incidence in Taiwan has declined to the goal set by the World Health Organization. However, this population does not receive adequate attention due to the stigma attached to the disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the demographic characteristics, activities of daily living, and quality of life of patients with Hansen's Disease in Taiwan. A cross-sectional design was used. A structured questionnaire that incorporated a personal data survey form, basic activity of daily living (BADL) form, instrument ability of daily activity of living (IADL) form and quality of life (QOL) survey was used to collect data. Patients with Hansen's Disease in Taiwan who lived in the institution, rural villages, and communities were invited to participate. Four hundred and ninety-seven participants with an average age of 71.93 (± 12.8) years participated in this study. Institutionalized participants (76.97 ± 7.41) were older than those in the other two groups. Participants were found to have in general more than one chronic disease (2.05 ± 1.33), with more chronic diseases found amongst institutionalized subjects (2.70 ± 1.23). Activities of daily living scores were generally higher for urban community dwellers than those who were institutionalized. Relatively low BADL scores for personal hygiene, bathing, walking and climbing stairs were noted, as were poor IADL scores for cooking, shopping, washing clothes and riding public transportation. Results found that activities of daily living declined with participant age (p < .001). The QOL score was mid-range, while the mental dimension of QOL was poorer than the physical dimension. Higher QOLs were observed in participants who lived in villages, while poorer QOLs were observed in participants who lived in communities. The results of this study indicated activities of daily living scores declined among Hansen's Disease patients with age. In order to promote quality of life among patients with Hansen

  7. 42 CFR 22.1 - Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. 22.1 Section 22.1 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH... Hansen's Disease Duty by Personnel Other Than Commissioned Officers § 22.1 Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. (a) Non-commissioned...

  8. 42 CFR 22.1 - Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. 22.1 Section 22.1 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH... Hansen's Disease Duty by Personnel Other Than Commissioned Officers § 22.1 Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. (a) Non-commissioned...

  9. 42 CFR 22.1 - Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. 22.1 Section 22.1 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH... Hansen's Disease Duty by Personnel Other Than Commissioned Officers § 22.1 Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. (a) Non-commissioned...

  10. 42 CFR 22.1 - Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. 22.1 Section 22.1 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH... Hansen's Disease Duty by Personnel Other Than Commissioned Officers § 22.1 Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. (a) Non-commissioned...

  11. 42 CFR 22.1 - Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. 22.1 Section 22.1 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH... Hansen's Disease Duty by Personnel Other Than Commissioned Officers § 22.1 Duty at a station of the Service devoted to the care of Hansen's disease patients; additional pay. (a) Non-commissioned...

  12. [Life experiences of Korean patients with Hansen's disease in Sorok Island Hospital].

    PubMed

    Yang, Ya Ki

    2014-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify life experiences of Korean patients with Hansen's disease (leprosy). For this study, 5 participants from Sorok Island Hospital were purposively chosen. Data were collected through in-depth individual interviews from June to July 2014. Data analysis method was based on Colaizzi's approach. The study results showed that experiences of patients with Hansen's disease consisted of 14 themes and six theme clusters: 1) Bad disease approaching as fate; 2) Family breakup and far from the village; 3) New life in Sorok Island Hospital; 4) Treatment of Hansen's disease and disability; 5) Life in the disease community; 6) Comfort and hope of life. The findings of this study indicate that health care professionals should pay attention to patients with Hansen's disease not only to reduce their physical and psychological suffering, but also to help the community and public culture to reduce the social stigma surrounding this disease and causing suffering for the patients. The results of the present study can help us to have a better understanding of various aspects of patients' lived experiences.

  13. Reaffirming the Role of Science and Diversity in Counseling: A Reply to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady-Amoon, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    Overall, Hansen (2012a) and the author (Brady-Amoon, 2012) share a humanistic vision for the future of counseling. In this continued dialogue, the author argues that a broad-based philosophy of science that encompasses renewed respect for diversity remains essential for the future of the profession.

  14. Surviving the "School of Slavery": Acculturation in Sharon Draper's "Copper Sun" and Joyce Hansen's "The Captive"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chandler, Karen Michele

    2016-01-01

    Although children's literature has long alluded to cultural connections between Africans and African Americans, very few texts establish clear lines of influence between particular African ethnic groups and African American characters and communities. Joyce Hansen's "The Captive" (1994) and Sharon Draper's "Copper Sun" (2006)…

  15. [A study on the measures against Hansen's disease during the Colonial Korea].

    PubMed

    Lu, Hong Mei

    2003-07-01

    In order to evaluate the measures taken against Hansen's diseases during the colonial era in Korea, from 1910-1945, I analyzed both Korean and Japanese materials and carried out field research. The Korean government-general established a hospital in 1916 and executed measures against Hansen's disease. These efforts can be divided into three periods. At first they started as a part of colonial policy. Then, in the middle period, with the change of Japanese policy on Hansen's disease, a Korean association was established and the Hansen's Disease Prevention Act was issued in Korea, aiming at the compulsory isolation of lepers. In the later period, during the war, the inmates were forced into an extremely severe environment and deprived of their human rights. My study shows that their policies changed greatly with the passage of time. Though they started them to relieve the suffering of the lepers in the beginning, they turned to be compulsory isolation of the patients in the later period and to the violation of their human rights.

  16. Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841-1912)--100 years anniversary tribute.

    PubMed

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Kluxen, Guido; Pótorak, Klaudia

    2014-05-01

    2012 marks the 100th year of death of Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841-1912), who discovered Mycobacterium leprae, but also gave the first systematic scientific work on the leprosy of the eye. The article reviews his life and scientific achievements with special regard to eye and ophthalmology.

  17. Reaffirming the Role of Science and Diversity in Counseling: A Reply to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady-Amoon, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    Overall, Hansen (2012a) and the author (Brady-Amoon, 2012) share a humanistic vision for the future of counseling. In this continued dialogue, the author argues that a broad-based philosophy of science that encompasses renewed respect for diversity remains essential for the future of the profession.

  18. Further Extending the Humanistic Vision for the Future of Counseling: A Response to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady-Amoon, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    This article offers additional support for Hansen's (2012) position that humanism and a renewed respect for human complexity are essential to counseling. In the article, the author also speaks to the critical importance of continuing to ground the profession in art and science. Implications for the future of humanism and counseling are presented.

  19. An Interview with Sunny Hansen: Pioneer and Innovator in Counseling and Career Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skovholt, Thomas S.; Hage, Sally M.; Kachgal, Mera M.; Gama, Elizabeth Pinheiro

    2007-01-01

    During her 45-year career, Sunny Hansen was a pioneer and innovator in counseling and career development. She has lived the holistic life about which she writes and teaches. In this interview, she discussed the major influences on her life, the evolution of her professional career from English and journalism teacher to counselor and counselor…

  20. Further Extending the Humanistic Vision for the Future of Counseling: A Response to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady-Amoon, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    This article offers additional support for Hansen's (2012) position that humanism and a renewed respect for human complexity are essential to counseling. In the article, the author also speaks to the critical importance of continuing to ground the profession in art and science. Implications for the future of humanism and counseling are presented.

  1. Surviving the "School of Slavery": Acculturation in Sharon Draper's "Copper Sun" and Joyce Hansen's "The Captive"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chandler, Karen Michele

    2016-01-01

    Although children's literature has long alluded to cultural connections between Africans and African Americans, very few texts establish clear lines of influence between particular African ethnic groups and African American characters and communities. Joyce Hansen's "The Captive" (1994) and Sharon Draper's "Copper Sun" (2006)…

  2. [Prevalence of dry eye in Hansen's disease patients from a colony hospital in Goiânia, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Frazão, Karys Carvalho; Picolo, Naira Bernardes; Hanouche, Rosana Zacarias; Santos, Procópio Miguel dos; Santos, Regina Cândido Ribeiro dos

    2005-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of dry eye in Hansen's disease patients from the "Hospital de Dermatologia Sanitária de Goiânia". The sample of the present study included 70 patients with Hansen's disease, from the "Hospital de Dermatologia Sanitária de Goiânia", and 30 controls, from the "Fundação Banco de Olhos de Goiás", both located in Goiânia-GO, Brazil. Ophthalmologic examination and Schirmer I, break-up time (BUT) and rose Bengal staining tests were carried out for all patients in a single evaluation. For the diagnosis of dry eye the Schirmer I equal or less than 5 mm and rose Bengal grade II or III, in at least one eye were considered. Forty-four (63.0%) patients with Hansen's disease were male and 22 (73.3%) controls were female (p=0.001). The mean age of the patients with Hansen's disease was 61.1+/-12.5 years and in the control group, it was 55.7+/-9.6 years. Fifteen (21.4%) patients with Hansen's disease and four (13.3%) controls presented with dry eye diagnosis (p=0.429). The lepromatous type (74.2%) of Hansen's disease was the most prevalent and dry eye (66.7%) was more frequent in this clinical form of the disease. The dry eye disease was more prevalent in patients with Hansen's disease, although the difference was not statistically significant.

  3. A revision of Megagraphydrus Hansen (Coleoptera, Hydrophilidae): synonymization with Agraphydrus Régimbart and description of seven new species.

    PubMed

    Minoshima, Yûsuke N; Komarek, Albrecht; Ôhara, Masahiro

    2015-03-10

    The genus Megagraphydrus Hansen, 1999 is revised. Eleven of the twelve previously described species are recognized as valid, with Megagraphydrus wangi Hebauer, 2000 syn. nov. found to be a junior synonym of M. politus Hansen, 1999. Most significantly, Megagraphydrus itself is found to be a junior synonym of Agraphydrus Régimbart, 1903. The species are assigned to the subgenus Agraphydrus. This nomenclatural act results in the following new combinations: Agraphydrus (Agraphydrus) anhuianus (Hebauer, 2000) comb. nov., A. (A.) attenuatus (Hansen, 1999) comb. nov., A. (A.) jaechi (Hansen, 1999) comb. nov., A. (A.) luteilateralis (Minoshima & Fujiwara, 2009) comb. nov., A. (A.) malayanus (Hebauer, 2000) comb. nov., A. (A.) politus (Hansen, 1999) comb. nov., A. (A.) puzhelongi (Jia, 2010) comb. nov., A. (A.) regularis (Hansen, 1999) comb. nov., A. (A.) siamensis (Hansen, 1999) comb. nov., A. (A.) superans (Hebauer, 2000) comb. nov., and A. (A.) uvaensis (Hebauer, 2000) comb. nov. All species are redescribed with the exclusion of A. superans, A. luteilateralis, and A. puzhelongi. Seven new species are described: Agraphydrus (Agraphydrus) biprojectus sp. nov., A. (A.) coronarius sp. nov., A. (A.) decipiens sp. nov., A. (A.) insidiator sp. nov., A. (A.) masatakai sp. nov., A. (A.) montanus sp. nov., A. (A.) thaiensis sp. nov. Digital and SEM photographs are provided, and the male and female genital segments are illustrated and described.

  4. A review of Elocomosta Hansen with a description of a new species with reduced eyes from China (Coleoptera, Hydrophilidae, Sphaeridiinae)

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Renchao; Jia, Fenglong; Fikáček, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A new species of the genus Elocomosta Hansen, 1989 (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae: Sphaeridiinae: Coelostomatini), Elocomosta lilizheni sp. n., is described from Guangxi Province, China. It is compared in detail with the only other known species of the genus, Elocomosta nigra Hansen, 1989 from Borneo, and the genus is diagnosed from the remaining coelostomatine genera. The new species is unusual among Hydrophilidae by having extremely reduced eyes. PMID:27551232

  5. Fatal Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis in a patient with diabetes mellitus and Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Gopal, Vani; Mangaiyarkarasi, T; Gopal, R

    2014-01-01

    Klebsiella is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes different types of health care-associated infections including pneumonia, bloodstream infections, surgical site infections and meningitis. We report here a case of Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis in a patient with diabetes mellitus and Hansen's disease. A middle-aged man with a known case of diabetes mellitus and Hansen's disease presented with the complaints of blurred vision in the left eye and the patient was found to have cataract. Patient was operated for cataract and Intraocular lens implanted. Patient developed headache and vomiting on the 4th post-operative day. Lumbar puncture was carried out and gram stain of cerebrospinal fluid showed Gram-negative bacilli in the direct smear and culture yielded a heavy growth of K. pneumoniae. The patient was treated with antimicrobials according to the susceptibility pattern. He initially showed improvement but later on developed altered sensorium and hypotension. Patient succumbed to infection in spite of all medical attention.

  6. Iatrogenic stigma in outpatient treatment for Hansen's disease (leprosy) in Brazil.

    PubMed

    White, Cassandra

    2008-02-01

    This paper explores how iatrogenic stigma, or stigma that is produced through a patient's encounter with physicians or with biomedicine in general, might emerge in outpatient treatment for Hansen's disease, or leprosy. Based on in-depth interviews with people affected by Hansen's disease and observations conducted at several public health clinics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, this research identified several aspects of the biomedical encounter that generated or contributed to stigma, either felt or enacted. Also noted in the research were positive examples of techniques used by physicians and health care workers for minimizing or circumventing stigma. The paper touches upon several topics, such as culturally mediated responses to medication side effects and communication between health care workers and patients, that might be salient or useful for health educators and others who are attempting to reduce health-related stigma.

  7. [Hansen's disease in children under fifteen years-old in Jequitinhonha Valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Lana, Francisco Carlos Félix; Amaral, Evaldo Pinheiro; Lanza, Fernanda Moura; Lima, Paula Lamounier; de Carvalho, Ana Cláudia Nascimento; Diniz, Letícia Gonçalves

    2007-01-01

    Hansen's disease has a slow evolution, which mostly affects the adult population. Detecting cases in children shows that the endemic continues and there is early exposure of the population to the bacillus. This is an ecological study with the objective of analyzing the occurrence of Hansen's disease in children under fifteen in the Jequitinhonha Valley through epidemiological and operational indicators. The results show that the endemic continues in the region, demonstrating that the health services are not proactive and must implement specific prevention and control measures for this age group in order to reduce the transmission of the disease and the possible damage it can bring to the life of individuals, especially when it affects them in their childhood.

  8. Oral myiasis in an adult associated with filariasis and Hansen's disease

    PubMed Central

    Candamourty, Ramesh; Venkatachalam, Suresh; Yuvaraj, Vaithilingam; Sujee, Chembilary

    2013-01-01

    Oral myiasis is a common parasitic infestation of live human and animals caused by species of dipteran fly larvae known as maggots which may be secondary to medical disease. This case involves a 51-year-old female, poorly debilitated with advanced periodontal disease infected by the dipteral larvae in the anterior maxillary region which belonged to the family Calliphoridae and Chrysomya bezziana species. This lady was neglected from her family and presented oral myiasis with the previous history of filariasis and Hansen's disease. Secondary infestations may occur in cancrum oris, oral extraction wounds, jaw bone wounds, oral leprosy lesion, filariasis, and carcinoma. Hansen's disease (leprosy) is bacterial in origin whereas filariasis (elephantiasis) is parasitic in origin like-myiasis. The treatment consisted of manual removal of the larvae by topical application of turpentine oil, oral therapy, and surgical debridement of the oral wound. PMID:23633879

  9. Oral myiasis in an adult associated with filariasis and Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Candamourty, Ramesh; Venkatachalam, Suresh; Yuvaraj, Vaithilingam; Sujee, Chembilary

    2013-01-01

    Oral myiasis is a common parasitic infestation of live human and animals caused by species of dipteran fly larvae known as maggots which may be secondary to medical disease. This case involves a 51-year-old female, poorly debilitated with advanced periodontal disease infected by the dipteral larvae in the anterior maxillary region which belonged to the family Calliphoridae and Chrysomya bezziana species. This lady was neglected from her family and presented oral myiasis with the previous history of filariasis and Hansen's disease. Secondary infestations may occur in cancrum oris, oral extraction wounds, jaw bone wounds, oral leprosy lesion, filariasis, and carcinoma. Hansen's disease (leprosy) is bacterial in origin whereas filariasis (elephantiasis) is parasitic in origin like-myiasis. The treatment consisted of manual removal of the larvae by topical application of turpentine oil, oral therapy, and surgical debridement of the oral wound.

  10. Kinetics of 12-Hydroxyoctadecanoic Acid SAFiN Crystallization Rationalized Using Hansen Solubility Parameters.

    PubMed

    Rogers, Michael A; Marangoni, Alejandro G

    2016-12-06

    Changes in solvent chemistry influenced kinetics of both nucleation and crystallization of 12-hydroxyoctadecenoic, as determined using differential scanning calorimetry and applying a modified Avrami model to the calorimetric data. Altering solvent properties influenced solvent-gelator compatibility, which in turn altered the chemical potential of the system at the onset of crystallization, the kinetics of gelation, and the resulting 12HOA crystal fiber length. The chemical potential at the onset of crystallization was linearly correlated to both the hydrogen-bonding Hansen solubility parameter and the solvent-gelator vectorial distance in Hansen space, Ra. Our work suggests that solvent properties can be modulated to affect the solubility of 12HOA, which in turn influences the kinetics of crystallization and the self-assembly of this organogelator into supramolecular crystalline structures. Therefore, modulation of solvent properties during organogelation can be used to control fiber length and thus engineer the physical properties of the gel.

  11. Hansen disease among Micronesian and Marshallese persons living in the United States.

    PubMed

    Woodall, Patricia; Scollard, David; Rajan, Latha

    2011-07-01

    An increasing proportion of Hansen disease cases in the United States occurs among migrants from the Micronesian region, where leprosy prevalence is high. We abstracted surveillance and clinical records of the National Hansen's Disease Program to determine geographic, demographic, and clinical patterns. Since 2004, 13% of US cases have occurred in this migrant population. Although Hawaii reported the most cases, reports have increased in the central and southern states. Multibacillary disease in men predominates on the US mainland. Of 49 patients for whom clinical data were available, 37 (75%) had leprosy reaction, neuropathy, or other complications; 17 (37%) of 46 completed treatment. Comparison of data from the US mainland with Hawaii and country-of-origin suggests under-detection of cases in pediatric and female patients and with paucibacillary disease in the United States. Increased case finding and management, and avoidance of leprosy-labeled stigma, is needed for this population.

  12. Hansen's disease control in the State of São Paulo: a historical analysis.

    PubMed

    Opromolla, Paula Araujo; Laurenti, Ruy

    2011-02-01

    Leprosy is an infectious contagious disease known since Biblical times. Global effort for disease control reveals intricate convergences of national history and of medical, governmental, and international policies. The study describes the history of Hansen's disease and control actions undertaken in the state of São Paulo starting in the 19th century and its connection with the development of public health in that state, by means of a bibliographic and documental analysis.

  13. Extensive sonographic ulnar nerve enlargement above the medial epicondyle is a characteristic sign in Hansen's neuropathy.

    PubMed

    Bathala, Lokesh; N Krishnam, Venkataramana; Kumar, Hari Kishan; Neladimmanahally, Vivekananda; Nagaraju, Umashankar; Kumar, Himanshu M; Telleman, Johan A; Visser, Leo H

    2017-07-01

    Earlier studies have shown sonographic enlargement of the ulnar nerve in patients with Hansen's neuropathy. The present study was performed to determine whether sonography or electrophysiological studies can detect the specific site of ulnar nerve pathology in leprosy. Eighteen patients (thirty arms) with Hansen's disease and an ulnar neuropathy of whom 66% had borderline tuberculoid (BT), 27% lepromatous leprosy (LL) and 7% mid-borderline (BB) leprosy were included in the study. Cross-sectional area (CSA) of ulnar nerve was measured every two centimeters from wrist to medial epicondyle and from there to axilla. All patients underwent standard motor and sensory nerve conduction studies of the ulnar nerve. Thirty age and sex matched controls underwent similar ulnar nerve CSA measurements and conduction studies. Ulnar nerve was clinically palpable in 19 of the 30 arms of patients. Motor and sensory nerve conduction studies of the ulnar nerve showed a reduced compound motor action potential and sensory nerve action potential amplitude in all patients. Motor Conduction Velocity (MCV) in patients were slower in comparison to controls, especially at the elbow and upper arm, but unable to exactly locate the site of the lesion. In comparison to controls the ulnar nerveCSA was larger in the whole arm in patients and quite specific the maximum enlargement was seen between nulnar sulcus and axilla, peaking at four centimeters above the sulcus. A unique sonographic pattern of nerve enlargement is noted in patients with ulnar neuropathy due to Hansen's disease, while this was not the case for the technique used until now, the electrodiagnostic testing. The enlargement starts at ulnar sulcus and is maximum four centimeters above the medial epicondyle and starts reducing further along the tract. This characteristic finding can help especially in diagnosing pure neuritic type of Hansen's disease, in which skin lesions are absent, and alsoto differentiate leprosy from other

  14. Large retroperitoneal schwannoma mimicking a cystic ovarian mass in a patient with Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Surendrababu, Narayanam R S; Cherian, Sucy Rekha; Janakiraman, Rajinikanth; Walter, Noel

    2008-06-01

    We present a rare case of retroperitoneal cystic schwannoma of the pelvis in a patient with Hansen's disease that mimicked an ovarian cyst. Due to economic constraints and because the lesion was assumed to be of ovarian origin, the patient did not undergo any cross-sectional imaging other than sonography. Sonographically guided fine needle aspiration of the cystic lesion was inconclusive. A cystic schwannoma was diagnosed at laparotomy.

  15. A Modified Hansen's Theory as Applied to the Motion of Artificial Satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Musen, Peter

    1960-01-01

    This report presents a theory of oblateness perturbations of the orbits of artificial satellites based on Hansen's theory, with modification for adaptation to fast machine computation. The theory permits the easy inclusion of any gravitational terms and is suitable for the deduction of geo-physical and geodetic data from orbit observations on artificial satellites. The computations can be carried out to any desired order compatible with the accuracy of the geodetic parameters.

  16. Sleep, Hansen's disease and the immune system--a not so harmonic triad.

    PubMed

    Albuquerque, Rachel Gimenes; Okazaki, Keity Mey; Hirotsu, Camila; Tomimori, Jane; Tufik, Sergio; Andersen, Monica Levy

    2015-05-01

    Hansen's disease is one of the oldest skin diseases in the world characterized by a spectrum of clinical manifestations that are associated with stigmatization and poor quality of life. It is also considered a model disease for investigating the human immune system because of its association with immune reactions, which are thought to be a reflection of the host's immunological response, promoting intense cellular activity or humoral secretion. This relationship between the cellular and microbial components of skin and their regulation by local immune responses may be modulated by a currently neglected behavior: sleep. Recent studies have demonstrated that sleep deprivation may aggravate the progression of chronic dermatological diseases, which in turn can lead to a non-restorative sleep pattern. Indeed, sleep is essential for immune and skin integrity. Thus, we propose here a hypothesis linking Hansen's disease, sleep and immunity in a bidirectional relationship. Hansen's disease patients may demonstrate a worse sleep quality than the general population through the modulation of immunological environment; and sleep restriction, a hallmark of modern society, being a possible predictor of the disease progression. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Optimization of subcritical fluid extraction of bioactive compounds using Hansen solubility parameters.

    PubMed

    Srinivas, K; King, J W; Monrad, J K; Howard, L R; Hansen, C M

    2009-08-01

    Process engineering operations in food and nutraceutical industries pertaining to the design of extraction of value-added products from biomass using pressurized liquids involve a careful selection of the solvent and optimal temperature conditions to achieve maximum yield. Complex molecular structure and limited physical property data in the literature of biological solutes extracted from biomass compounds have necessitated the process modeling of such operations. In this study, we have applied the Hansen 3-dimensional solubility parameter concept to optimize the extraction of molecularly complex solutes using subcritical fluid solvents. Hansen solubility spheres characterized by the relative energy differences (RED) have been used to characterize and quantify the solute-subcritical solvent interactions as a function of temperature. The solvent power of subcritical water and compressed hydroethanolic mixtures above their boiling points has been characterized using the above-mentioned method. The use of group contribution methods in collaboration with computerized algorithms to plot the Hansen spheres provides a quantitative prediction tool for optimizing the design of extraction conditions. The method can be used to estimate conditions for solute-solvent miscibility, an optimum temperature range for conducting extractions under pressurized conditions, and approximate extraction conditions of solutes from natural matrices.

  18. Validity of Hansen-Roach cross sections in low-enriched uranium systems

    SciTech Connect

    Busch, R.D. ); O'Dell, R.D. )

    1991-01-01

    Within the nuclear criticality safety community, the Hansen-Roach 16 group cross section set has been the standard'' for use in k{sub eff} calculations over the past 30 years. Yet even with its widespread acceptance, there are still questions about its validity and adequacy, about the proper procedure for calculating the potential scattering cross section, {sigma}{sub p}, for uranium and plutonium, and about the concept of resonance self shielding and its impact on cross sections. This paper attempts to address these questions. It provides a brief background on the Hansen-Roach cross sections. Next is presented a review of resonances in cross sections, self shielding of these resonances, and the use of {sigma}{sub p} to characterize resonance self shielding. Three prescriptions for calculating {sigma}{sub p} are given. Finally, results of several calculations of k{sub eff} on low-enriched uranium systems are provided to confirm the validity of the Hansen-Roach cross sections when applied to such systems.

  19. [Social rehabilitation experiences of people with a history of Hansen's disease: interviews of readmitted residents in a sanatorium].

    PubMed

    Sashida, Momoe; Nagata, Satoko; Murashima, Sachiyo; Haruna, Megumi

    2005-02-01

    This study focused on the reflections of people with a history of Hansen's disease who once experienced social life and then returned to their sanatorium again. The purpose was to clarify what they think about their experiences of social life outside of institutions. Study participants were people with a history of Hansen's disease who had experienced social life outside of the sanatorium and are now living in a national sanatorium with good ADL. The study was based on a semi-structured interview, the data being categorized with the focus on "situations or topics affect by Hansen's disease". Thirteen people agreed to participate in the study. Six categories were abstracted: "maintaining a good condition," "anxiety about relapse or illness," "medical service," "coping with Hansen's disease in social life," "relationships with others," and "means of livelihood." Hansen's disease affected their lives in 2 aspects; one was "sawagu (recurrence of the disease)" and the other "kakusu (concealing the disease)." "Sawagu" was related to "anxiety of the disease" and "intention of maintaining a good condition." "Kakusu" affected the way of "coping with the disease in social life" and "the relationship with others." "Medical service" was important for both "sawagu" and "kakusu." Patients were visiting hospitals and taking medicine to avoid "sawagu," while trying to "kakusu" when they consulted with physicians. Similarly, both "sawagu" and "kakusu" interacted with each other when the participants needed to work and earn a living. All participants looked back at their social life as a "good experience" because they were satisfied with the sense of accomplishment or fulfillment the experience had given them. Participants of the study looked back at their social life as a "good experience." Hansen's disease affected their social life in 2 aspects; "sawagu" and "kakusu." It is necessary to alleviate difficulties with both of these so that people with stigmatized disease such as

  20. Evaluating the Reliability and Reproducibility of the AO and Lauge-Hansen Classification Systems for Ankle Injuries.

    PubMed

    Yin, Meng-Chen; Yuan, Xue-Fei; Ma, Jun-Ming; Xia, Ye; Wang, Tao; Xu, Xiao-Li; Yan, Yin-Jie; Xu, Jin-Hai; Ye, Jie; Tong, Zheng-Yi; Feng, Yan-Qi; Wang, Hong-Bo; Wu, Xue-Qun; Mo, Wen

    2015-07-01

    Ankle injuries are responsible for more than 5 million emergency department visits each year. The AO and Lauge-Hansen classification systems are widely used in the clinical diagnosis of ankle injuries. This study aimed to analyze the intraobserver reliability and interobserver reproducibility of the AO and Lauge-Hansen classification systems. In addition, the authors explored the differences among physicians' classification responses and evaluated the clinical value for diagnosis. Fifty-six patients with an ankle injury with complete clinical and radiologic data were enrolled. The definition of injury type, the index score typing methods, and the specific study criteria were explained in detail. Five observers, who were orthopedic surgeons, determined the classifications according to both the AO and Lauge-Hansen systems. The classification was repeated 1 month later. Cronbach's alpha and Cohen's kappa test were used to determine interobserver reliability and intraobserver reproducibility. The physicians conducted 560 classifications (56 cases × 5 physicians × 2 times per patient). Average inter- and intraobserver kappa values for the AO system were 0.708 and 0.608, respectively. Average inter- and intraobserver kappa values for the Lauge-Hansen system were 0.402 and 0.398, respectively. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 96.7% for the AO system and 76.0% for the Lauge-Hansen system. The Lauge-Hansen classification system is a comprehensive yet cumbersome system. Comparatively, the AO classification system is easier to understand. This study shows that the AO classification system has more reliability and reproducibility, and thus has more value in clinical practice, than the Lauge-Hansen classification system.

  1. Relationship between swelling of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose and the Hansen and Karger partial solubility parameters.

    PubMed

    Navarro-Lupión, Francisco-Javier; Bustamante, Pilar; Escalera, Begoña

    2005-07-01

    A model that relates the equilibrium swelling of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose to the partial solubility parameters of both the polymer and the solvents is proposed to interpret and correlate the experimental data. The non-specific interactions are expressed as the dispersion delta(d) and polar delta(p) solubility parameters of Hansen, or as a combination of both. Hydrogen bonding is represented by the acidic delta(a) and the basic delta(b) Karger solubility parameters. The results are compared with models including the same parameters for non-specific interactions (delta(d) and delta(p)) and the Hansen hydrogen bonding parameter delta(h). Equilibrium swelling of this hydrophilic polymer that is widely used in drug formulation is measured in pure solvents covering a wide polarity range. In a qualitative way, swelling increases in solvents with higher Hildebrand solubility parameters and stronger hydrogen bonding capability, and it decreases in non-polar solvents. Single polarity indexes, such as the Hildebrand solubility parameter or the partition coefficient (PC), do not fit well the overall experimental data. The best correlations were obtained with the proposed model, providing at the same time an interpretation consistent with the physical meaning of the terms included in the equation. Swelling increases as the non-specific interactions of the polymer and the solvents become alike, and as the Lewis acid-base interactions of the polymer (1) and the solvent (2) represented by the products delta(1a)delta(2b) and delta(1b)delta(2a) become greater. Conversely, hydrogen bonding self association of the solvents (the product delta(1a)delta(1b)) lowers swelling. The results show that the Karger hydrogen bonding parameters provide a better approach than the Hansen hydrogen bonding parameter to correlate the swelling behavior of a hydrophilic polymer.

  2. Primary Neuritic Hansen's Disease presenting as Ulnar Nerve Abscess in a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Positive Patient.

    PubMed

    Karjigi, S; Herakal, K; Murthy, S C; Bathina, A; Kusuma, M R; Nikhil, K R Y

    2015-01-01

    Leprosy has been increasingly known to have an enigmatic relationship with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Co-infection may result in atypical manifestations of leprosy. A 45-year old human immunodeficiency virus-positive male; agricultural laborer presented with a swelling over right elbow, right hand deformity, generalized itching and recurrent vesicles overthe perinasal area. Clinical and investigational findings were consistent with mononeuritic type of Hansen's disease with right sided silent ulnar nerve abscess, partial claw hand. CD4+ count of the patientwas 430 cells/cmm. This patient also hadherpes simplex labialis, with HIV-associated pruritus. To the best of our knowledge such an atypical presentation has not been reported earlier.

  3. Huge Benign Ovarian Cystic Teratoma in a Patient with a History of Hansen's Disease.

    PubMed

    Okonta, Patrick I; Mofon, Chukwuemeke

    2014-01-01

    Mature ovarian cystic teratomas are common benign ovarian neoplasm derived from germ cells. With increasing availability of ultrasound services even in developing countries, the diagnosis of benign ovarian tumour is made earlier and the size of the ovarian tumour at diagnosis is relatively small. It is unusual to find an ovarian cystic teratoma larger than 10 cm. We report a huge mature ovarian cystic teratoma in a multipara with a history of Hansen's disease. We conclude that, in circumstances where women have restricted access to health care, the unusual finding of mature ovarian cystic teratoma larger than 10 cm is possible due to delayed presentation for diagnosis and treatment.

  4. Organogel formation rationalized by Hansen solubility parameters: dos and don'ts.

    PubMed

    Bonnet, Julien; Suissa, Gad; Raynal, Matthieu; Bouteiller, Laurent

    2014-05-14

    Some organic compounds gelate liquids by forming a network of anisotropic fibres. Hansen solubility parameters can be used to predict the range of liquids that are likely to be gelled by any given gelator. We critically review the various approaches recently proposed in the literature. In particular, we discuss the shape of the gelation domain, the relevance of the Teas plot representation and the use of group contribution calculations. We also propose an improved scheme for the solubility tests, and a detailed procedure for the determination of the gelation domain.

  5. Morphologies in Solvent-Annealed Clotrimazole Thin Films Explained by Hansen-Solubility Parameters.

    PubMed

    Ehmann, Heike M A; Zimmer, Andreas; Roblegg, Eva; Werzer, Oliver

    2014-03-05

    The induction of different crystal morphologies is of crucial importance for many applications. In this work, the preparation of various crystal morphologies within clotrimazole films on glass substrates is demonstrated. Amorphous clotrimazole thin films were transformed via vapor annealing into crystalline structures; highly monodisperse/multidisperse crystallites, spherulite, or dendritic structures were obtained as the solvent was exchanged. X-ray diffraction experiments reveal that the same polymorph is present for all samples but with varying texture. The achieved morphologies are explained in terms of Hansen-solubility parameters and vapor pressures; thus, the different morphologies and crystal orientations can be explained by solvent-solid interaction strengths within the thin film samples.

  6. Organogel formation rationalized by Hansen solubility parameters: influence of gelator structure.

    PubMed

    Bonnet, Julien; Suissa, Gad; Raynal, Matthieu; Bouteiller, Laurent

    2015-03-21

    Some organic compounds form gels in liquids by forming a network of anisotropic fibres. Based on extensive solubility tests of four gelators of similar structures, and on Hansen solubility parameter formalism, we have probed the quantitative effect of a structural variation of the gelator structure on its gel formation ability. Increasing the length of an alkyl group of the gelator obviously reduces its polarity, which leads to a gradual shift of its solubility sphere towards lower δp and δh values. At the same time, its gelation sphere is shifted - to a much stronger extent - towards larger δp and δh values.

  7. First order post-Newtonian gravitational waveforms of binaries on eccentric orbits with Hansen coefficients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mikóczi, Balázs; Forgács, Péter; Vasúth, Mátyás

    2015-08-01

    The inspiral and merger of supermassive black hole binary systems with high orbital eccentricity are among the promising sources of the advanced gravitational wave observatories. In this paper we compute gravitational waveforms in the frequency domain to the first post-Newtonian order, emitted by compact binary systems with arbitrary eccentricity. Our results are fully analytic, ready-to-use expressions of the waveforms in terms of a suitable generalization of Hansen coefficients known from celestial mechanics. Secular terms induced by the eccentricity are eliminated by introducing a suitable phase shift. The obtained waveforms have a rather simple structure, greatly facilitating their use in applications.

  8. Hansen Neuropathy: Still a Possible Diagnosis in the Investigation of a Peripheral Neuropathy.

    PubMed

    Veiga, Andreia; Costa, Alexandre; Taipa, Ricardo; Guimarães, António; Pires, Manuel Melo

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: A lepra continua a ser uma das causas mais frequentes de neuropatia periférica. Apesar de tida como erradicada em Portugal, ainda se documenta no estudo neuropatológico de doentes com clínica de neuropatia periférica sem diagnóstico etiológico definido.Material e Métodos: Revisão dos casos neuropatia por doença de Hansen diagnosticados na Unidade de Neuropatologia do Centro Hospitalar do Porto no período de 1978 e 2013 atendendo ao género, idade, manifestações clínicas e achados neuropatológicos.Resultados: Foram identificados 21 doentes com diagnóstico neuropatológico de neuropatia por doença de Hansen, com predomínio do sexo masculino. A idade média ao diagnóstico foi de 52 anos, sendo a sintomatologia sensitiva predominante. O intervalo entre sintomatologia e diagnóstico oscilou entre 1 a 38 anos. Na maioria foi identificada forma tuberculoide em biópsia de nervo e detetados bacilos em pele e nervo em 44% dos casos.Discussão: A mononeurite é a forma mais comum de apresentação de hanseníase, podendo cursar com outras manifestações clínicas incluindo lesões cutâneas. A infeção pelo M. leprae lesiona fibras mielinizadas e não mielinizadas, com substituição do tecido nervoso por colagénio resultando em fibrose. O diagnóstico da lepra é apenas conseguido por estudo neuropatológico das lesões cutâneas e/ou nervo periférico, adjuvado pela identificação do bacilo.Conclusão: A doença de Hansen continua a ser um problema de saúde pública em áreas tropicais e, apesar de rara, ainda descrita em países ocidentais, devendo ser considerada como uma hipótese de diagnóstico na investigação de neuropatia periférica.

  9. [Study of ocular fungal microbiota in patients with Hansen's disease and in individuals who deal with them].

    PubMed

    Santos, Procópio Miguel dos; Melo, Cinthia Mendonça de; Martins, Suy Anne Rebouças; Chaves, Adriano de Almeida; Sá, Débora Silva Pires de; Santos, Regina Cândido Ribeiro dos

    2006-01-01

    To study the conjunctival fungal flora of patients with leprosy who live in the colony hospital and of those who deal with "Hansen" patients. Sixty-one eyes (61 patients) with Hansen's disease and twenty-five healthy eyes (25 individuals) of individuals who deal with patients were investigated. Conjunctival fungi growth occurred in 19.67% and 20% of the patients and healthy individuals, respectively. There was no significant difference (p<0.05) regarding fungi percentage of fungi isolated from the conjunctiva between both groups. Candida ssp was the most frequent fungus isolated from the conjunctiva of patients with Hansen's disease, whereas Penicillium spp was the most frequent fungus isolated from the group of people who deal with these patients. The most frequent yeast isolated from conjunctival samples of leprosy patients was Candida, which could be explained by cellular immunodeficiency of these patients, associated with dry eye and the prolonged use of antibiotics.

  10. Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841-1912)--the 100th anniversary of the death of the discoverer of Mycobacterium leprae.

    PubMed

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Sak, Jarosław; Pawlikowski, Jakub; Iwanowicz-Palus, Grażyna

    2013-01-01

    The year 2012 marked the 100th anniversary of the death of Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841-1912), a Norwegian physician known for his identification of Mycobacterium leprae as the causative agent of leprosy. In the second half of the 19th century, the medical community believed leprosy had a noninfectious etiology, and it was not until Hansen uncovered the relationship between M leprae and the clinical manifestations of this disease did that belief begin to change. Strengthening of the late 19th and early 20th century beliefs of the infectious etiology of leprosy made it possible to develop an effective treatment for this still terrible disease.

  11. Dorsal sensory impairment in hands and feet of people affected by Hansen's disease in Israel.

    PubMed

    Wexler, Ruth; Melchior, Hanna

    2007-12-01

    Sensory testing in people affected by Hansen's disease is usually performed on palms and soles only. In Israel, both palmar/plantar and dorsal aspects of limbs are routinely tested. The aim of this study was to describe the magnitude of dorsal sensory impairment (SI) in limbs and compare the frequency of SI on palms and soles with that on the dorsum of hands and feet. In a cross-sectional study, limbs of 140 patients registered at The Israel Hansen's Disease Centre during the years 1999-2003 were tested for their sensory status. Both palmar/plantar and dorsal aspects were tested using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments. SI was defined as not feeling stimuli applied with the 2 g monofilament. SI was detected on the dorsum in 43% of sites on hands and only in 27% on palms. 64% of sites on dorsum of feet had SI compared to 53% on the soles. SI was detected in up to 18% in hands with no palmar SI, and in 6% of feet with no plantar SI. Furthermore, SI on palms and soles was found to be accompanied by dorsal SI in all hands and in 97% of feet. SI on dorsum of limbs occurs more frequently than SI on palms and soles. Therefore sensory testing should also consider inclusion of the dorsal aspect of hands and feet.

  12. Hildebrand and Hansen solubility parameters from molecular dynamics with applications to electronic nose polymer sensors.

    PubMed

    Belmares, M; Blanco, M; Goddard, W A; Ross, R B; Caldwell, G; Chou, S-H; Pham, J; Olofson, P M; Thomas, Cristina

    2004-11-30

    We introduce the Cohesive Energy Density (CED) method, a multiple sampling Molecular Dynamics computer simulation procedure that may offer higher consistency in the estimation of Hildebrand and Hansen solubility parameters. The use of a multiple sampling technique, combined with a simple but consistent molecular force field and quantum mechanically determined atomic charges, allows for the precise determination of solubility parameters in a systematic way (sigma = 0.4 hildebrands). The CED method yields first-principles Hildebrand parameter predictions in good agreement with experiment [root-mean-square (rms) = 1.1 hildebrands]. We apply the CED method to model the Caltech electronic nose, an array of 20 polymer sensors. Sensors are built with conducting leads connected through thin-film polymers loaded with carbon black. Odorant detection relies on a change in electric resistivity of the polymer film as function of the amount of swelling caused by the odorant compound. The amount of swelling depends upon the chemical composition of the polymer and the odorant molecule. The pattern is unique, and unambiguously identifies the compound. Experimentally determined changes in relative resistivity of seven polymer sensors upon exposure to 24 solvent vapors were modeled with the CED estimated Hansen solubility components. Predictions of polymer sensor responses result in Pearson R2 coefficients between 0.82 and 0.99.

  13. Deprescribing for frail older people - Learning from the case of Mrs. Hansen.

    PubMed

    Granas, Anne Gerd; Stendal Bakken, Marit; Ruths, Sabine; Taxis, Katja

    2017-07-13

    Drug treatment is often an essential part in treatment and prevention of diseases in older people, but there is much concern about inappropriate medication use. This paper aims to describe the complexity of medication safety issues and clinical judgments when optimizing prescribing in older individuals. It uses the case of Mrs. Hansen, an aged nursing home resident, to illustrate the facilitators and barriers of this process. With decreasing life expectancy, medication use should shift from cure to care, focusing on symptomatic treatment to increase the patient's well-being. In Mrs. Hansen's case, the number of (potentially) dangerous medications were reduced, and non-pharmacological alternatives were considered. There were some medicines added, as underprescribing can also be a problem in older people. Deprescribing long-standing treatment can be interpreted by the patient and family as "giving up hope". More clinical evidence and practical communication tools are needed to guide deprescribing decisions, taking medical and patient-centered priorities into account. Studies evaluating such interventions should select outcome measures that are particularly relevant for frail old individuals. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  14. Autologous Platelet-rich Fibrin Matrix in Non-healing Trophic Ulcers in Patients with Hansen's Disease.

    PubMed

    Nagaraju, Umashankar; Sundar, Priya K; Agarwal, Priyanka; Raju, Belliappa P; Kumar, Mahesh

    2017-01-01

    Non-healing trophic ulcers in Hansen's disease patients is one of the major causes for disability. It has been shown that autologous platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM) is effective in healing chronic non-healing leg ulcers. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM) in non-healing trophic ulcers in patients treated for Hansen's disease. A prospective study. An institution-based clinic. Seven treated patients with Hansen's disease, with a mean age of 38.33 years, with nine non-healing trophic ulcer of more than 6 weeks duration. Photographs were taken before treatment and at every subsequent sitting. Area and volume were calculated at baseline and every subsequent sitting till the closure was achieved. The healthy ulcers were treated with PRFM at weekly intervals, repeated once a week for a maximum of five sittings as per requirement. The mean percentage improvement in the area was 93.52%, and volume was 97.74% at the end of the second sitting. All ulcers closed by a maximum of five sittings. No adverse events were noted. PRFM for the treatment of trophic ulcers in treated patients with Hansen's disease is a feasible, safe, simple and inexpensive method.

  15. From Paris to Lyon, and from simple to complex liquids: a view on Jean-Pierre Hansen's contribution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barrat, Jean-Louis; Biben, Thierry; Bocquet, Lydéric

    2015-09-01

    We present a short perspective on some of the contributions made by Jean-Pierre Hansen to our theoretical understanding of soft matter static structure and dynamics, using the tools developed for simple liquids within the rigorous framework of statistical physics.

  16. 75 FR 6694 - Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge and Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge and Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for... comprehensive conservation plan and draft environmental impact statement (CCP/DEIS) for the Lewis and Clark... by either of the following methods: E-mail: FW1PlanningComments@fws.gov . Include ``Lewis and Clark...

  17. The Exile of Hansen's Disease Patients to Moloka'i: A Diffusion of Innovations Perspective.

    PubMed

    Pitman Harris, Adrea; Matusitz, Jonathan

    2016-07-01

    This article analyzes the exile of patients with Hansen's disease (leprosy) to Moloka'i (Hawaii) by applying the diffusion of innovations (DoI) theory. Developed by Rogers, DoI posits that an innovation (i.e., idea, movement, or trend) is initiated within a culture. Then, it is diffused via particular channels across diverse cultures. Instead of evolving independently, innovations diffuse from one culture to another through various forms of contact and communication. In the context of this analysis, the objective is to examine how the diffusion of certain ideas, namely, abolishing the stigma associated with leprosy, could have improved the lives of Hawaiians. An important premise of this article is that the Hawaiian government barely applied the tenets of DoI, which is the reason why many people lost their lives. So, this article seeks to explore what could have been done to improve their situation and what pitfalls should be avoided in the future.

  18. Hansen Disease among Micronesian and Marshallese Persons Living in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Woodall, Patricia; Rajan, Latha

    2011-01-01

    An increasing proportion of Hansen disease cases in the United States occurs among migrants from the Micronesian region, where leprosy prevalence is high. We abstracted surveillance and clinical records of the National Hansen’s Disease Program to determine geographic, demographic, and clinical patterns. Since 2004, 13% of US cases have occurred in this migrant population. Although Hawaii reported the most cases, reports have increased in the central and southern states. Multibacillary disease in men predominates on the US mainland. Of 49 patients for whom clinical data were available, 37 (75%) had leprosy reaction, neuropathy, or other complications; 17 (37%) of 46 completed treatment. Comparison of data from the US mainland with Hawaii and country-of-origin suggests under-detection of cases in pediatric and female patients and with paucibacillary disease in the United States. Increased case finding and management, and avoidance of leprosy-labeled stigma, is needed for this population. PMID:21762573

  19. Complex Type 2 Reactions in Three Patients with Hansen's Disease from a Southern United States Clinic

    PubMed Central

    Leon, Kristoffer E.; Salinas, Jorge L.; McDonald, Robert W.; Sheth, Anandi N.; Fairley, Jessica K.

    2015-01-01

    In non-endemic countries, leprosy, or Hansen's disease (HD), remains rare and is often underrecognized. Consequently, the literature is currently lacking in clinical descriptions of leprosy complications in the United States. Immune-mediated inflammatory states known as reactions are common complications of HD. Type 1 reactions are typical of borderline cases and occur in 30% of patients and present as swelling and inflammation of existing skin lesions, neuritis, and nerve dysfunction. Type 2 reactions are systemic events that occur at the lepromatous end of the disease spectrum, and typical symptoms include fever, arthralgias, neuritis, and classic painful erythematous skin nodules known as erythema nodosum leprosum. We report three patients with lepromatous leprosy seen at a U.S. HD clinic with complicated type 2 reactions. The differences in presentations and clinical courses highlight the complexity of the disease and the need for increased awareness of unique manifestations of lepromatous leprosy in non-endemic areas. PMID:26304919

  20. Nerve abscess in Hansen's disease as part of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome: a case report.

    PubMed

    Ali, Neema M; Nayak, Kashinath; Kumar, Pramod

    2017-02-01

    Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is an inflammatory reaction in HIV-infected patients after initiation of antiretroviral therapy resulting from restored immunity to specific infectious or non-infectious antigens. A 36-year-old male patient on highly active antiretroviral therapy of six months duration, presented with reddish, tender lesions over medial aspect of arm and a single, anaesthetic patch. Tender fluctuant swellings were seen on the medial aspect of left forearm. A few of them had ruptured spontaneously discharging pus. A skin biopsy from the anaesthetic patch showed caseating epitheloid granulomas. A diagnosis of Hansen's disease borderline tuberculoid in type 1 reversal reaction, with formation of nerve abscess due to Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome was made. The patient was started on multibacillary multidrug therapy as per WHO guidelines and highly active antiretroviral therapy was continued.

  1. Squamous cell carcinoma masquerading as a trophic ulcer in a patient with Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Venkatswami, Sandhya; Anandan, S; Krishna, Nikilesh; Narayanan, C D

    2010-12-01

    Nonhealing trophic ulcers in leprosy are a common phenomenon, but acute malignant transformations of the same are relatively rare. This study reports on a 35-year-old man previously treated for Hansen's disease with a squamous cell carcinoma involving the right foot with rapid lymphatic spread. He was being treated as a benign trophic ulcer for more than 12 months until he started developing huge inguinal lymph nodes and the ulcer rapidly increased in size. Squamous cell carcinomas are known to occur in ulcers of considerable duration but such rapid growth in such a short duration and rapid lymphatic spread is unusual in Marjolin's ulcer as the lymphatics are usually destroyed because of previous inflammation and scarring.

  2. Atypical Hansen's disease presenting as florid verrucous plaques on the lower extremities: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yuchua-Guillen, Angela; Dofitas, Belen L

    2012-06-01

    Verrucous leprosy is rare, with only 18 cases reported in the literature. Visceral involvement is frequent but often overlooked, causing significant morbidity and mortality. A 45-year-old Filipino male with a 16-year history of hyperpigmented, hypoesthetic plaques, amputated digits, enlarged ulnar nerve, and cardiovascular congestion was diagnosed with Hansen's disease-lepromatous type. He had multiple cauliflower-like nodules and plaques with foul-smelling discharge on the lower extremities presenting a diagnostic dilemma. After an exhaustive search, the causative agent for these verrucous nodules was confirmed to still be Mycobacterium leprae. In addition, he had glomerulonephritis, hypertension, congestive heart failure, deep venous thrombosis, neuritis, keratitis, and glaucoma, which are all complications of advanced leprosy and multiple attacks of erythema nodosum leprosum reactions. He was treated with a multibacillary regimen of Rifampicin, Dapsone, Clofazimine, and systemic corticosteroids, with remarkable improvement. © 2012 The International Society of Dermatology.

  3. [Family Health Strategy professionals' view on the effects of Hansen's disease training].

    PubMed

    Souza, Ana Lúcia Alves de; Feliciano, Katia Virginia de Oliveira; Mendes, Marina Ferreira de Medeiros

    2015-08-01

    Evaluating how professionals of family health teams from three municipalities of Pernambuco perceive and interpret the effects of Hansen's disease training. A qualitative study using the perspective of Habermas. Six focus groups, totaling 33 nurses and 22 doctors were formed. The guide consisted of: reactions to training, learning, transfer of knowledge and organizational results. There were recurrent positive opinions on instructor performance, course materials, and an alert attitude to the occurrence of cases; the negative points were about lack of practical teaching, a lot of information in a short period of time and little emphasis on basic content. Low perceived self-efficacy and low locus of control, ambiguity, conflict of skills and the lack of support for the learning application. Nurses showed greater dissatisfaction with the organizational support. The low effectiveness of training reveals the need to negotiate structured training from work problematization, considering performance conditions.

  4. Huge Benign Ovarian Cystic Teratoma in a Patient with a History of Hansen's Disease

    PubMed Central

    Okonta, Patrick I.

    2014-01-01

    Mature ovarian cystic teratomas are common benign ovarian neoplasm derived from germ cells. With increasing availability of ultrasound services even in developing countries, the diagnosis of benign ovarian tumour is made earlier and the size of the ovarian tumour at diagnosis is relatively small. It is unusual to find an ovarian cystic teratoma larger than 10 cm. We report a huge mature ovarian cystic teratoma in a multipara with a history of Hansen's disease. We conclude that, in circumstances where women have restricted access to health care, the unusual finding of mature ovarian cystic teratoma larger than 10 cm is possible due to delayed presentation for diagnosis and treatment. PMID:25210635

  5. Complex Type 2 Reactions in Three Patients with Hansen's Disease from a Southern United States Clinic.

    PubMed

    Leon, Kristoffer E; Salinas, Jorge L; McDonald, Robert W; Sheth, Anandi N; Fairley, Jessica K

    2015-11-01

    In non-endemic countries, leprosy, or Hansen's disease (HD), remains rare and is often underrecognized. Consequently, the literature is currently lacking in clinical descriptions of leprosy complications in the United States. Immune-mediated inflammatory states known as reactions are common complications of HD. Type 1 reactions are typical of borderline cases and occur in 30% of patients and present as swelling and inflammation of existing skin lesions, neuritis, and nerve dysfunction. Type 2 reactions are systemic events that occur at the lepromatous end of the disease spectrum, and typical symptoms include fever, arthralgias, neuritis, and classic painful erythematous skin nodules known as erythema nodosum leprosum. We report three patients with lepromatous leprosy seen at a U.S. HD clinic with complicated type 2 reactions. The differences in presentations and clinical courses highlight the complexity of the disease and the need for increased awareness of unique manifestations of lepromatous leprosy in non-endemic areas.

  6. Using Hansen solubility parameters to study the encapsulation of caffeine in MOFs.

    PubMed

    Paseta, Lorena; Potier, Grégory; Abbott, Steven; Coronas, Joaquín

    2015-02-14

    Hansen solubility parameters (HSP) have found their greatest use in the evaluation of solvent-polymer chemical interactions. Given their great interest among the scientific community, host-guest interactions in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), with organic and inorganic moieties, could benefit from a HSP approach. In this work we have initiated the application of HSP to the study of caffeine encapsulation in MOFs ZIF-8 and NH2-MIL-88B(Fe). However, the availability of HSP for MOFs is nearly zero. As a first step to evaluating the potential of HSP for rational design we have made the simplifying assumption that the HSP distance of the caffeine-ligand interaction (i.e. ignoring the metal and the MOF structure) dominates the ability to form a MOF host-guest system. Although much work remains to be done, the first indications are that this approach has much potential.

  7. New procedure for the determination of Hansen solubility parameters by means of inverse gas chromatography.

    PubMed

    Adamska, K; Bellinghausen, R; Voelkel, A

    2008-06-27

    The Hansen solubility parameter (HSP) seems to be a useful tool for the thermodynamic characterization of different materials. Unfortunately, estimation of the HSP values can cause some problems. In this work different procedures by using inverse gas chromatography have been presented for calculation of pharmaceutical excipients' solubility parameter. The new procedure proposed, based on the Lindvig et al. methodology, where experimental data of Flory-Huggins interaction parameter are used, can be a reasonable alternative for the estimation of HSP values. The advantage of this method is that the values of Flory-Huggins interaction parameter chi for all test solutes are used for further calculation, thus diverse interactions between test solute and material are taken into consideration.

  8. Morphologies in Solvent-Annealed Clotrimazole Thin Films Explained by Hansen-Solubility Parameters

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    The induction of different crystal morphologies is of crucial importance for many applications. In this work, the preparation of various crystal morphologies within clotrimazole films on glass substrates is demonstrated. Amorphous clotrimazole thin films were transformed via vapor annealing into crystalline structures; highly monodisperse/multidisperse crystallites, spherulite, or dendritic structures were obtained as the solvent was exchanged. X-ray diffraction experiments reveal that the same polymorph is present for all samples but with varying texture. The achieved morphologies are explained in terms of Hansen-solubility parameters and vapor pressures; thus, the different morphologies and crystal orientations can be explained by solvent—solid interaction strengths within the thin film samples. PMID:24624042

  9. Hansen's disease: the need for increased healthcare provider awareness and re-training.

    PubMed

    Ojinmah, U R; Onyekonwu, C L; Ozoh, G A; Onyekonwu, G C

    2012-01-01

    Leprosy continues to be a challenge worldwide. In 2009, the World Health Organisation (WHO) reported 244,796 new cases worldwide. Of this, South East Asia, South Americas and Africa have the highest number of new cases. To highlight misdiagnosis of Hansen's disease as a drawback to eradication of leprosy. A retrospective study of cases of Hansen's disease misdiagnosed by clinicians who were seen in the skin clinics of two tertiary institutions in South-East Nigeria over a one year period. Of the nine misdiagnosed cases, three were females while six were males. Apart from one child of six years old, the rest of the patients were adults. Referring diagnoses included chronic osteomyelitis, acromegaly, dermatitis and depression. One of the patients presented with a reversal reaction (erythema nodosum leprosum) following treatment in a peripheral health facility. Confirmation of the diagnosis was based on slit skin smears for Acid Fast Bacilli carried out in the side laboratory of skin clinic UNTH, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu state (four patients) and mile four hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State( three patients). All the smears were positive. Patients were commenced on multi drug therapy and all showed marked clinical improvement following drug therapy. Eradication of leprosy may not be feasible if health care providers are ignorant of the different presentations of the disease. A high index of suspicion for leprosy is needed among health care workers in endemic areas. Development of tools for early diagnosis and detection of infection, improvement in existing tools for data collection, provision of guidelines and training materials on vital information for leprosy control will all contribute to the continued success of the National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme in Nigeria.

  10. Lest we forget Hansen's disease (leprosy): an unusual presentation with an acute onset of inflammatory polyarthritis and the rheumatology experience.

    PubMed

    Sheetal, Salvi; Arvind, Chopra

    2009-04-01

    Several forms of arthritis and rheumatism can sometimes complicate leprosy. However, its presentation as an acute onset arthritis is unusual. We report two adult male naïve patients who presented to our rheumatology outpatient clinic with acute onset inflammatory polyarthritis, skin rash and mild sensory neurodeficit. Borderline lepromatous leprosy (in type I lepra reaction) was diagnosed. We also refer to 19 case records of Hansen arthritis in the clinic database (1998-2007) from approximately 35,000 patients and a community study to highlight the missed diagnosis of Hansen's disease and its unusual association with rheumatoid arthritis. In countries like India where leprosy is endemic, this disease also merits attention in rheumatology clinics.

  11. Recurrence of strongyloides stercoralis infection in a patient with Hansen's disease: a case report.

    PubMed

    De Souza, Joelma Nascimento; Machado, Paulo Roberto Lima; Teixeira, Márcia Cristina Aquino; Soares, Neci Matos

    2014-03-01

    In patients with immunosuppressive disorders, S. stercoralis infection may develop into a hyperinfection syndrome which, on rare occasions, may be a life-threatening condition. Therapy of S. stercoralis infection with thiabendazole has been limited, due to its numerous side effects, and has been replaced by albendazole and ivermectin. The present case report describes a case of Strongyloides Hyperinfection Syndrome (SHS) in a patient with Hansen's disease and lack of response to first-line anthelmintic treatment. A 38 year-old man was diagnosed as having borderline lepromatous leprosy. He developed Erythema Nodosum Leprosum and was treated with thalidomide and prednisone. In May 2010 he was diagnosed with S. stercoralis infection and was treated with albendazole. One year later, the stool examination showed continued presence of S. stercoralis larvae. He was treated with ivermectin (6 mg) in a double dose (given 1 month apart) which resulted in larvae excretion clearance. The absence of infection was confirmed three times during a 1 year followup period by stool examination and non-detection of anti-S. stercoralis IgG levels.

  12. [Children born to Hansen's disease patients in Amami-Oshima, Kagoshima, Japan].

    PubMed

    Moriyama, Kazutaka; Kikuch, Ichiro; Ishii, Norihisa

    2009-09-01

    In the Japanese leprosaria, it was very difficult or almost impossible for leprosy patients to give birth to their children. There were various reasons for this situation. Leprosy in the women mostly worsened in pregnancy and some of the children developed leprosy. Because of the chronic nature of the disease, marriage was encouraged in Japanese leprosaria, so that vasectomy was usually enforced in men who were wed, while artificial abortion was enforced in pregnant women. The only one exception was the situation of the Amami Wako-en Leprosarium. The Wako-en Leprosarium was started in 1943, and between 1946 and 1953, it was under American rule. Later it was transferred to Japanese rule. Religions such as Buddhism, Christianity and other religions greatly helped with leprosy patients, and in the Wakoen, it was Catholicism which prevailed. Catholic believer Joan Matsubara (later the secretary of Wako-en), Father Patrick Finn, Kaoru Ohira (director) outlined how children born to Hansen's disease patients would be grown up and made the internal rules of the couples' dormitory, while this was impossible in other leprosaria. Between 1953 and 1954, children were brought up by Matsubara's family or nurses. And since November 1954, children were brought up at nurseries (firstly named "Children's House" and later at "Naze Engel House" and children between 2 and 3 years went to "White Lily House". The children could meet their parents at times and now they are full-fledged grown-up citizens.

  13. Application of Hansen solubility parameters for understanding and prediction of drug distribution in microspheres.

    PubMed

    Vay, Kerstin; Scheler, Stefan; Friess, Wolfgang

    2011-09-15

    In an emulsion solvent extraction/evaporation process for the preparation of microspheres the employed solvents have a tremendous influence on the characteristics of the resulting particles. Nevertheless the solvent selection is often based on empirical data rather than on calculated values. The purpose of this investigation was to use the concept of solubility parameters for interpretation and improved understanding of solvent effects in the process of microparticle preparation. Partial solubility parameters of 3-{2-[4-(6-Fluor-1,2-benzisoxazol-3-yl)piperidino]ethyl}-2-methyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-4H-pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidin-4-on, which was used as a model drug, were determined experimentally using an extended Hansen regression model. Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microparticles were prepared with an emulsion solvent removal process employing methylene chloride and its mixtures with benzyl alcohol and n-butanol. It could be shown, that the encapsulation efficiency was influenced by the change of the solvent composition during the extraction process. Furthermore the solvent selection had an essential influence on the morphological state of the drug and it could be shown and explained, that by a decrease of the dissolving power a completely amorphous product was obtained.

  14. The expanded Hansen approach to solubility parameters. Paracetamol and citric acid in individual solvents.

    PubMed

    Barra, J; Lescure, F; Doelker, E; Bustamante, P

    1997-07-01

    In this study two solubility-parameter models have been compared using as dependent variables the logarithm of the mole fraction solubility, lnX2e, and ln(alpha)/U (originally used in the extended Hansen method), where alpha is the activity coefficient and U is a function of the molar volume of the solute and the volume fraction of the solvent. The results show for the first time the proton-donor and -acceptor hydrogen-bonding capacities of paracetamol, as measured by the acidic and basic partial-solubility parameters. The influence of solvents on the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) pattern of the solid phases was also studied in relation to the solubility models tested. Citric acid was chosen as a test substance because of its high acidity and its proton donor capacity to form hydrogen bonds with basic solvents. The partial acidic and basic solubility parameters obtained from multiple regression were consistent with this property, validating the model chosen. The results show that the more direct lnX2e variable was more suitable for fitting both models, and the four-parameter model seemed better for describing the interactions between solvent and solute.

  15. Hansen solubility parameters of surfactant-capped silver nanoparticles for ink and printing technologies.

    PubMed

    Petersen, Jacob B; Meruga, Jeevan; Randle, James S; Cross, William M; Kellar, Jon J

    2014-12-30

    Optimal ink formulations, inclusive of nanoparticles, are often limited to matching the nanoparticle's capping agent or surface degree of polarity to the solvent of choice. Rather than relying on this single attribute, nanoparticle dispersibility was optimized by identifying the Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) of decanoic-acid-capped 5 nm silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by broad spectrum dispersion testing and a more specific binary solvent gradient dispersion method. From the HSPs, solvents were chosen to disperse poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and nanoparticles, give uniform evaporation profiles, and yield a phase-separated microstructure of nanoparticles on PMMA via film formation by solvent evaporation. The goal of this research was to yield a film that is reflective or transparent depending on the angle of incident light (i.e., optically variable). The nanoparticle HSPs were very close to alkanes with added small polar and hydrogen-bonding components. This led to two ink formulations: one of 90:10 vol % toluene/methyl benzoate and one containing 80:10:10 vol % toluene/p-xylene/mesitylene, both of which yielded the desired final microstructure of a nanoparticle layer on a PMMA film. This approach to nanoparticle ink formulation allows one to obtain an ink that has desirable dispersive qualities, rheology, and evaporation to give a desired printed structure.

  16. Orthographic analogies and phonological priming: a comment on Bowey, Vaughan, and Hansen (1998)

    PubMed

    Goswami, U

    1999-03-01

    J. A. Bowey, L. Vaughan, and J. Hansen (1998, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 68, 108-133) carried out two experiments on 6- and 7-year-old children's use of orthographic analogies in word reading. They reported that, following apparently stringent controls for phonological priming effects, beginning analogies (beak-bean) were more frequent in this age group than rime (beak-peak) analogies. From this, they concluded that beginning readers do not reliably use orthographic rimes in reading, even in the clue word task (p. 129). However, the clue word task was not used in this study. This comment highlights two problems with Bowey et al.'s paper. The first is a theoretical one, and the second is methodological. Firstly, Bowey et al. base their investigation on a misunderstanding of U. Goswami and P. E. Bryant's (1990, Phonological skills and learning to read, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum) claims about the role of rhyme and analogy in beginning reading. Secondly, methodological weaknesses, in particular unintended intralist priming effects, seriously limit the conclusions that can be drawn from Bowey et al.'s booklet analogy task. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

  17. Employer acceptance of the Hansen's disease patient and other handicapped persons.

    PubMed

    Frist, T F

    1980-09-01

    One hundred and four employers were interviewed in Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil, in order to compare their attitudes toward hirings the leprosy patient and persons with five other handicapping conditions (deep facial scars, the loss of two limbs, blindness, tuberculosis, and past psychiatric disorders). It was discovered that the noncontagious, nondeformed leprosy patient was the third best accepted of the six handicapped persons, slightly behind the job candidates with facial scars and tuberculosis. It was also found that 74% of the employers who were interviewed stated that they would either "probably" or "definitely" keep one of their workers if it were discovered that he had leprosy but was under treatment and represented no risk for other employees. A total of 82% said the same thing regarding a worker discovered to have tuberculosis. The single most cited reason by employers for having a negative attitude toward hiring handicapped candidates as a group was functional--the candidate would be "unable to do the job." The most cited justification for not hiring the leprosy patient was that "customers and other employees wouldn't like it." The author concludes that while there certainly exists employer prejudice towards the leprosy patient in the Bauru area, the study shows that this prejudice is neither unique nor insurmountable by any means. Later practical experience in rehabilitating and placing the leprosy patient in integrated jobs confirms this impression of the study. He urges that attention be given to creating many more integrated vocational rehabilitation opportunities for the Hansen's disease patient.

  18. The production of social discourse on Hansen' disease and health education materials in Brazil: a skin patch as something harmless or a serious disease?

    PubMed

    Santos, Adriana Kelly; Ribeiro, Ana Paula Goulart; Monteiro, Simone

    2012-03-01

    Hansen's disease is endemic in Brazil and government control programmes promote publicity campaigns to increase the detection of new cases through the production and distribution of educative material. This study analyses a set of 276 educational materials produced by governmental and non-governmental organisations that work to control Hansen's disease in Brazil. It describes the content of the materials and the way the issues were approached. It is a qualitative study that adopts the theoretical and methodological framework of the semiology of social discourse. Analysis reveals that the relations between the enunciator and recipient of the materials are asymmetrical as a result of the technical and educational language employed. Biomedical information forms the basis for social representations an practices of Hansen's disease, as opposed to historical collective knowledge of 'leprosy'. The prioritised topics are: signs and symptoms of the disease, treatment stigma, cure and surveillance. The institutionalisation of public education on Hansen's disease in Brazil was not limited simply to the change of terminology from 'leprosy' to 'Hansen's disease,' but was shaped also by new educational practices. It is recommended that the evaluation and production of new materials be incorporated into the set of activities already carried out in health centres so as to expand the discussion on content, language and the best way to address the disease in the materials.

  19. Perception of social exclusion, neuropathy, and quality of life among Hansen's disease patients.

    PubMed

    Borges-de-Oliveira, Roberta; Rocha-Leite, Clarissa I; Araujo-de-Freitas, Lucas; Queiroz, Dermival A; Machado, Paulo R L; Quarantini, Lucas C

    2015-01-01

    Leprosy subjects are strongly affected not only by physical issues such as peripheral neuropathy but also by massive social exclusion that may be related to quality of life (QoL) impairment. However, there are as yet no studies evaluating the impact of perceived stigma in conjunction with neuropathy on QoL and the respective role of each one on QoL. The present study aims to investigate the variations in clinical and socio-demographic profile of Hansen's disease patients with/without perception of social exclusion (PSE) and neuropathy as the impact of both conditions on their QoL. A sample of 160 consecutive leprosy outpatients seeking treatment in two reference centers for leprosy in Brazil was recruited. Patients were assessed using a socio-demographic questionnaire, M.I.N.I. PLUS and SF-36. Data from medical records were also collected. Participants were divided into four groups: control group, perceived stigma, neuropathy, and stigma neuropathy. Of the 160 patients who consented to participate, 78.75% completed the survey. All four groups were similar in terms of demographic parameters, except for occupational status, which was compensated statistically. The group with neuropathy and PSE reported the worst QoL in half of the evaluated domains. The cross-sectional design does not allow cause and effect to be established between variables, and the relatively small sample size may limit the ability to demonstrate a relative decrease in QoL scores from the isolated variables analyzed. The results of this survey show that the presence of both neuropathy and PSE significantly increases impairment in QoL, especially in some specific domains. © The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  20. [Outcome of operative treatment for supination-external rotation Lauge-Hansen stage IV ankle fractures].

    PubMed

    Kołodziej, Łukasz; Boczar, Tomasz; Bohatyrewicz, Andrzej; Zietek, Paweł

    2010-01-01

    Ankle fractures are among the most common musculoskeletal injures. These fractures occur with an overall age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate around 180 per 100 000 person-years. The most frequent mechanism is considered to be supination-external rotation (60 to 80% of all ankle fractures) consisting of pathologic external rotation of the foot initially placed in some degree of supination. According to Lauge-Hansen classification, ankle joint structures are damaged in a sequence where the final, stage IV injuries, represents transverse fracture of the medial malleolus or its equivalent-rupture of the deltoid ligament. The aim of this study is to compare the results of two subtypes of supination-external rotation stage IV fractures. 43 patients treated surgically in 2006 to 2007 at Authors institution because of stage IV supination-external rotation ankle fracture were submitted to retrospective analysis. There were 25 patients with bimalleolar fracture (type 1) and in 18 patients with lateral malleolar fracture with accompanying rupture of the deltoid ligament (type 2). The mean age was 46 years (from 20 to 82 years). Average follow up period was 37 months (from 24 to 46 months). For the evaluation of treatment AOFAS hind-foot score (American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society) was used. The mean AOFAS score scale for Type 1 fractures was 85 points and for type 2 was significantly higher and amounted to 91 points (p < 0.05). Supination-external rotation stage IV ankle fractures with medial malleolar fracture, requires the implementation of additional diagnostic and therapeutic strategies and procedures in order to improve the outcome of results.

  1. The link between a negative high resolution resist contrast/developer performance and the Flory-Huggins parameter estimated from the Hansen solubility sphere

    SciTech Connect

    StCaire, Lorri; Olynick, Deirdre L.; Chao, Weilun L.; Lewis, Mark D.; Lu, Haoren; Dhuey, Scott D.; Liddle, J. Alexander

    2008-07-01

    We have implemented a technique to identify candidate polymer solvents for spinning, developing, and rinsing for a high resolution, negative electron beam resist hexa-methyl acetoxy calix(6)arene to elicit the optimum pattern development performance. Using the three dimensional Hansen solubility parameters for over 40 solvents, we have constructed a Hansen solubility sphere. From this sphere, we have estimated the Flory Huggins interaction parameter for solvents with hexa-methyl acetoxy calix(6)arene and found a correlation between resist development contrast and the Flory-Huggins parameter. This provides new insights into the development behavior of resist materials which are necessary for obtaining the ultimate lithographic resolution.

  2. Correlation of Clinico-pathological Classification of Hansen's Disease in a South Indian City.

    PubMed

    Lobo, A C; Pai, R R; Gautam, K; Kuruvila, M

    2014-01-01

    Hansen's Disease (HD) presents itself in different forms depending on the individual's immune status, and based on this Ridley-Jopling classified the disease into five sub-groups. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of histopathology and bacteriological index (BI) in accurate staging of HD with clinical correlation. Fifty HD patients with clinical diagnosis confirmed by histopathology were included. Patients in reaction and on treatment were excluded. Case records and histopathological slides were viewed and BI was recorded. In 10/50 cases, a diagnosis of HD was made or suspected, but were not clinically classified. In these, histopathology proved useful in diagnosis and classification. Indeterminate HD was the most common histopathological diagnosis (6 cases). The remaining 40 patients, were clinically classified using the Ridley-Jopling classification, as Indeterminate Leprosy (IL) in 10/40 (25%), Tuberculoid Leprosy (TT) 5/40 (12.5%), Borderline Tuberculoid (BT) 16/40 (40%), Borderline Lepromatous (BL) 4/40 (10%) and Lepromatous Leprosy (LL) 5 (12.5%). HD was common in males with male to female ratio of 1.66:1 and affected the younger individuals (maximum in 21 to 30 years). On histopathology BT was the most common type (40%) followed by IL (27.5%), BL (12.5%), TT (10%) and LL (10%). No case of Mid-Borderline (BB) type was diagnosed clinically or histopathologically. Overall concordance between clinical and histopathological diagnosis was 65% (26/40 cases) and for each type was IL = 80%, TT = 20%, BT = 75%, BL = 50% and LL = 60%. Where classification seemed difficult as in cases of BT and BL, II played an important role. The overall concordance between clinical classification and histopathological diagnosis of DO is 65% in this study. Th *discordance that is observed is between BT and TT, the paucibacillary type and BL andILL the multibacillary type and hence the treatment is not affected. Overall, IL was a common diagnosis on histopathology in this

  3. [Rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis based on the detection of a pulmonary rheumatoid nodule in a patient with Hansen's disease].

    PubMed

    Matsui, Yoshinori; Akagawa, Shinobu; Masuda, Kimihiko; Matsui, Hirotoshi; Hebisawa, Akira; Nakajima, Yoshiki

    2010-01-01

    A 77-year-old man with Hansen's disease was referred to our hospital because of a small nodular lesion detected adjacent to the pleura in the right lower lobe (S10) on chest CT. He had lost all ten fingers due to Hansen's disease and was using a prosthetic limb after amputation of the right lower leg. Although the patient had an 11-year history of shoulder and back pain and was suspected of having interstitial pneumonia 6 years previously, no detailed examination had been conducted. Bronchoscopy did not yield a definitive diagnosis, and a lung biopsy was performed under thoracoscopic guidance. Histological examination of the resected nodule with colliquative necrosis revealed palisading granulomas with multinucleated giant cells and plasma cell infiltration with formation of lymphoid follicles. Since serum levels of both anti-MMP3 and anti CCP antibodies were elevated, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with rheumatoid lung was diagnosed. Therefore, the nodule was considered a rheumatoid nodule. Since diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis is difficult when lacking characteristic joint manifestations, it is important to include rheumatoid nodules as a differential diagnosis and to measure RA specific autoantibodies, to make a comprehensive diagnosis for non-specific necrotizing granulomas.

  4. Neurolymphomatosis in Primary Cutaneous CD4+ Pleomorphic Small/Medium-sized T-cell Lymphoma Mimicking Hansen's Disease.

    PubMed

    Khader, Anza; Vineetha, Mary; George, Mamatha; Manakkad, Shiny Padinjarayil; Balakrishnan, Sunitha; Rajan, Uma

    2017-01-01

    Neurolymphomatosis (NL) refers to nerve infiltration by neurotropic neoplastic cells in the setting of a known or an unknown hematological malignancy. It typically presents as painful or painless peripheral mononeuropathy, mononeuritis multiplex, polyneuropathy, polyradiculopathy, or cranial neuropathy. A 32-year-old male presented with a hyperpigmented hypoesthetic plaque over the anterolateral aspect of the right leg with thickening of the right common peroneal nerve and foot drop clinically diagnosed as Hansen's disease. Biopsy taken from skin showed infiltrates of pleomorphic small and medium sized lymphocytes in the dermis and subcutis. On immunohistochemistry, the cells were positive for CD3, CD4 and negative for CD8, CD20, and CD30. Ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration of the thickened nerve showed infiltrates of atypical lymphoid cells. Based on these findings, a diagnosis of NL in primary cutaneous CD4+ pleomorphic small/medium-sized T-cell lymphoma was made. The disease responded to systemic chemotherapy and localized radiotherapy with no evidence of relapse during 3 years follow-up. NL in primary cutaneous CD4+ pleomorphic small/medium-sized T-cell lymphoma presenting with manifestations redolent of Hansen's disease is not described in available literature. This case also demonstrates the utility of fine needle aspiration of nerve, a minimally invasive procedure in the diagnosis of NL.

  5. Delayed Diagnosis, Leprosy Reactions, and Nerve Injury Among Individuals With Hansen's Disease Seen at a United States Clinic.

    PubMed

    Leon, Kristoffer E; Jacob, Jesse T; Franco-Paredes, Carlos; Kozarsky, Phyllis E; Wu, Henry M; Fairley, Jessica K

    2016-03-01

    Background.  Hansen's disease (HD), or leprosy, is uncommon in the United States. We sought to describe the characteristics of patients with HD in a US clinic, including an assessment of delays in diagnosis and HD reactions, which have both been associated with nerve damage. Methods.  A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients seen at an HD clinic in the southern United States between January 1, 2002 and January 31, 2014. Demographic and clinical characteristics were summarized, including delays in diagnosis, frequency of reactions, and other complications including peripheral neuropathy. Results.  Thirty patients were seen during the study time period. The majority of patients were male (73%) and had multibacillary disease (70%). Brazil, Mexico, and the United States were the most frequent of the 14 countries of origin. Hansen's disease "reactions", severe inflammatory complications, were identified among 75% of patients, and nerve damage was present at diagnosis in 36% of patients. The median length of time between symptom onset and diagnosis was long at 12 months (range, 1-96), but no single factor was associated with a delay in diagnosis. Conclusions.  The diagnosis of HD was frequently delayed among patients referred to our US clinic. The high frequency of reactions and neuropathy at diagnosis suggests that further efforts at timely diagnosis and management of this often unrecognized disease is needed to prevent the long-term sequelae associated with irreversible nerve damage.

  6. Delayed Diagnosis, Leprosy Reactions, and Nerve Injury Among Individuals With Hansen's Disease Seen at a United States Clinic

    PubMed Central

    Leon, Kristoffer E.; Jacob, Jesse T.; Franco-Paredes, Carlos; Kozarsky, Phyllis E.; Wu, Henry M.; Fairley, Jessica K.

    2016-01-01

    Background. Hansen's disease (HD), or leprosy, is uncommon in the United States. We sought to describe the characteristics of patients with HD in a US clinic, including an assessment of delays in diagnosis and HD reactions, which have both been associated with nerve damage. Methods. A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients seen at an HD clinic in the southern United States between January 1, 2002 and January 31, 2014. Demographic and clinical characteristics were summarized, including delays in diagnosis, frequency of reactions, and other complications including peripheral neuropathy. Results. Thirty patients were seen during the study time period. The majority of patients were male (73%) and had multibacillary disease (70%). Brazil, Mexico, and the United States were the most frequent of the 14 countries of origin. Hansen's disease “reactions”, severe inflammatory complications, were identified among 75% of patients, and nerve damage was present at diagnosis in 36% of patients. The median length of time between symptom onset and diagnosis was long at 12 months (range, 1–96), but no single factor was associated with a delay in diagnosis. Conclusions. The diagnosis of HD was frequently delayed among patients referred to our US clinic. The high frequency of reactions and neuropathy at diagnosis suggests that further efforts at timely diagnosis and management of this often unrecognized disease is needed to prevent the long-term sequelae associated with irreversible nerve damage. PMID:27186586

  7. Application of Hansen Solubility Parameters to predict drug-nail interactions, which can assist the design of nail medicines.

    PubMed

    Hossin, B; Rizi, K; Murdan, S

    2016-05-01

    We hypothesised that Hansen Solubility Parameters (HSPs) can be used to predict drug-nail affinities. Our aims were to: (i) determine the HSPs (δD, δP, δH) of the nail plate, the hoof membrane (a model for the nail plate), and of the drugs terbinafine HCl, amorolfine HCl, ciclopirox olamine and efinaconazole, by measuring their swelling/solubility in organic liquids, (ii) predict nail-drug interactions by comparing drug and nail HSPs, and (iii) evaluate the accuracy of these predictions using literature reports of experimentally-determined affinities of these drugs for keratin, the main constituent of the nail plate and hoof. Many solvents caused no change in the mass of nail plates, a few solvents deswelled the nail, while others swelled the nail to varying extents. Fingernail and toenail HSPs were almost the same, while hoof HSPs were similar, except for a slightly lower δP. High nail-terbinafine HCl, nail-amorolfine HCl and nail-ciclopirox olamine affinities, and low nail-efinaconazole affinities were then predicted, and found to accurately match experimental reports of these drugs' affinities to keratin. We therefore propose that drug and nail Hansen Solubility Parameters may be used to predict drug-nail interactions, and that these results can assist in the design of drugs for the treatment of nail diseases, such as onychomycosis and psoriasis. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the application of HSPs in ungual research.

  8. THERAPIST PERCEPTIONS OF INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE: A REPLICATION OF HARWAY AND HANSEN2019;S STUDY AFTER MORE THAN A DECADE

    PubMed Central

    Dudley, Desreen Raphael; McCloskey, Kathy; Kustron, Debora A.

    2014-01-01

    More than a decade ago, Hansen, Harway, and Cervantes (1991) and Harway and Hansen (1993) conducted a research study examining mental health providers’ ability to accurately perceive violence within couples presenting for therapy and to intervene in a manner in which to reduce the risk of danger to couples. The results were alarming, with 40% of therapists sampled failing to perceive intimate partner violence (IPV) and virtually no therapists intervening to reduce the risk of lethality. Harway and colleagues questioned how well-trained and informed therapists were in assessing IPV. The present study replicates Harway and colleagues’ study with the expectation that, over a decade later, therapists are better prepared to accurately identify IPV issues and intervene effectively to reduce the risk of lethality. Reproducing the two main procedures used in the original study, 111 psychologists, clinical social workers, and marriage and family therapists were asked to respond to a survey. Results show that therapists have indeed improved their ability to identify IPV issues. Twenty percent of therapists predicted an increase in conflict, compared to 4% in the original sample. However, almost no therapists accurately predicted lethality in either study. Implications concerning IPV training for therapists are discussed. PMID:24729677

  9. The Function of Scientific and Humanistic Ideologies in the Counseling Profession from the Perspective of Cognitive-Experiential Self-Theory: A Response to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suthakaran, V.

    2012-01-01

    In this response, the author addresses Hansen's (2012) call for the counseling profession to substitute science with humanities as its primary ideology. The author uses Epstein's (1994) cognitive-experiential self-theory to show that an equal appreciation for science and humanities is more congruent with a holistic humanistic vision for…

  10. The Function of Scientific and Humanistic Ideologies in the Counseling Profession from the Perspective of Cognitive-Experiential Self-Theory: A Response to Hansen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suthakaran, V.

    2012-01-01

    In this response, the author addresses Hansen's (2012) call for the counseling profession to substitute science with humanities as its primary ideology. The author uses Epstein's (1994) cognitive-experiential self-theory to show that an equal appreciation for science and humanities is more congruent with a holistic humanistic vision for…

  11. The rare mantis shrimp Areosquilla indica (Hansen, 1976) (Crustacea, Stomatopoda) from the Great Barrier Reef: first Australian records of the genus and species.

    PubMed

    Ahyong, Shane T; Wassenberg, Theodore J

    2015-08-18

    The rare mantis shrimp genus Areosquilla is recorded from Australia for the first time based on nine specimens of A. indica (Hansen, 1926) collected from the Great Barrier Reef. Morphological variation beyond that observed in previous accounts is reported. The present record and other recent discoveries bring the Australian stomatopod fauna to 152 species and 68 genera.

  12. Isolated case of mucosal histoid Hansen's disease of the nasal cavity in a post-global elimination era.

    PubMed

    Swain, Santosh K; Jena, Ajay K; Panda, Maitreyee; Mohapatra, Debahuti; Patro, Nibedita; Sahu, Mahesh C

    2015-01-01

    Histoid Hansen's disease is a rare form of multibacillary leprosy with distinct clinical and histopathological features. This type of leprosy is a variant of lepromatous leprosy with a very high bacterial reserve. Of alarming concern is the discovery of an isolated mucosal histoid leprotic lesion inside the nasal cavity of a patient in the post-global leprosy elimination era. Our case had no history of leprosy or exposure to dapsone/multidrug therapy but had a heavy bacillary index. We are reporting this case to highlight the rarity of mucosal lesions due to histoid leprosy and involvement of the nasal cavity, as well as to create awareness and avoid misdiagnosis. This will help facilitate prompt treatment to minimize the complications and deformities of the patient and prevent its spread throughout the community. Copyright © 2015 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Severe form of type 2 reaction in patients of Hansen's disease after withdrawal of thalidomide: case reports.

    PubMed

    Rattan, R; Shanker, V; Tegta, G R; Verma, G K

    2009-01-01

    Thalidomide, a racemic glutamic acid analogue, was first developed in 1954 and subsequently marketed in Europe, Australia and Canada as a sedative and anti-emetic. It was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the USA in 1998 for the treatment of the cutaneous manifestations of moderate to severe erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) and suppression of the cutaneous manifestations of ENL recurrences. It is a good choice for management in patients who are dependent on corticosteroids. Common side effects of thalidomide are teratogenicity, peripheral neuropathy, sedation and constipation. We report 4 cases of Hansen's disease with recurrent ENL who were adequately managed on thalidomide. On sudden withdrawal of thalidomide, they relapsed with severe type 2 reaction including necrotic ENL.

  14. Experimental consideration of the Hansen solubility parameters of as-produced multi-walled carbon nanotubes by inverse gas chromatography.

    PubMed

    Lim, Hyeong Jun; Lee, Kunsil; Cho, Young Shik; Kim, Yern Seung; Kim, Taehoon; Park, Chong Rae

    2014-09-07

    The Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) of as-produced multi-walled carbon nanotubes (APMWCNTs) were determined by means of the inverse gas chromatography (IGC) technique. Due to non-homogeneous surfaces of the APMWCNTs arising from defects and impurities, it was necessary to establish adequate working conditions for determining the HSPs of the CNTs. We then obtained the HSPs of the APMWCNTs and compared these results with earlier reports as determined by using sedimentation and molecular dynamics simulation methods. It was found that the determination of the HSPs of the CNTs by IGC can give an enhanced determination range based on the adsorption thermodynamic parameters, compared to the HSPs determined using sedimentation methods. And the HSPs of the APMWCNTs, determined here, provided good guidelines for the selection of feasible solvents that can improve the dispersion of the APMWCNTs.

  15. Comparative study on dispersion and interfacial properties of single walled carbon nanotube/polymer composites using Hansen solubility parameters.

    PubMed

    Ma, Jing; Larsen, Raino Mikael

    2013-02-01

    Dispersion and interfacial strain transfer of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are two major challenges for the utilization of SWNTs as reinforcements in polymer composites. Surface modifications could help change the dispersion and interfacial properties. In this study, nanocomposites were fabricated by solution blending 1 wt % SWNTs with various modification (nonmodified, nitric acid functionalized, and amine functionalized SWNTs) and three kinds of polymeric materials (polycarbonate, polyvinylidene fluoride, and epoxy). Chemical compatibilities between SWNTs and solvents or polymers are calculated by the Hansen solubility parameters (HSP) method. The dispersion of the SWNTs in solvents is evaluated by dynamic light scattering. The dispersion of SWNTs in polymers evaluated by a light optical microscope (LOM) generally agrees with the HSP prediction. The strain transfer from the matrix to SWNTs is mainly related to the dispersion, the bundle size, the residual thermal stresses on the sample, and, to lesser degree, the HSP.

  16. Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Hansen Research Services Matrix Adaptive Test: A Measure of Nonverbal IQ.

    PubMed

    Hansen, John A

    2016-10-13

    Assessment of individuals on the autism spectrum often includes a measure of nonverbal IQ. One such measure is the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM). For large research studies with participants distributed nationally it is desirable for assessments to be available online. Because time is a premium, it is ideal that the measure produces accurate scores quickly. The Hansen Research Services Matrix Adaptive Test (HRS-MAT) addresses these needs and with similar psychometric properties of the RSPM. Scores based on the HRS-MAT correlated at r = .81 with those of the RSPM. In adult-child pairs, HRS-MAT scores correlated at approximately r = .50. Details from respondents in a national sample and psychometric properties including reliability and validity are discussed.

  17. An evaluation of the Sinan health information system as used by the Hansen's disease control programme, Pernambuco State, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Galvão, Paulo Roberto Silva; Ferreira, Andréa Torres; Maciel, Maria Das Graças Galvão; De Almeida, Rejane Pereira; Hinders, Duane; Schreuder, Pieter A M; Kerr-Pontes, Lígia Regina S

    2008-06-01

    Since the introduction of the national notifiable diseases information system (SINAN) in Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 1994, many problems have been encountered. The aim of this study was to evaluate the SINAN software, quality of data input, the transfer of the computerised data from the municipality to state levels, human resources and other factors associated with the health information system infrastructure (HIS). A cross-sectional study was carried out in Pernambuco state, North-eastern Brazil, in 2005. A sample of health regions and municipalities was chosen. SINAN forms from those municipalities were analysed and the flow of notifications followed from municipal level to the regional and finally to the state. Professionals from health units, district, municipal and regional Hansen's Disease Control Programme (HDCP) and Epidemiological Surveillance System (ESS) coordinators, health secretaries and managers of the municipalities and health regions selected were interviewed. SINAN software is functioning up to expectation. However, at all levels of the health system, serious weaknesses not related to the SINAN software were found, varying from lack of human resources (limited number of staff and staff development), lack of infrastructure (office space, computers, supplies, etc.) to an absence of effective coordination, management and supervision of the HIS. Lack of reliable, complete and timely information, and especially the lack of widespread analysis and use of available information in planning and management of health services were the main weaknesses found. Many areas need urgent attention: the quality of patient examination, recording and reporting, the timely processing of quality data, the coordination and management of disease control programmes, and the use of HIS reports by the health services and health managers. Regular feedback, supportive supervision visits and annual reviews are essential to monitor the system and make sure that essential

  18. [Hansen's disease in Maranhão in the 1930s: on the way to Colônia do Bonfim].

    PubMed

    Leandro, José Augusto

    2009-01-01

    Some aspects of Hansen's disease and the health policy for those having it in Maranhão in the 1930s are pointed out. The resolution of the disease in that state followed the precept imposed by the centralizing national health policies developed in the Vargas period: greater sanitary vigilance of those having the disease and the construction of a compulsory isolation colony for the contagiously ill largely characterized the decade regarding the prophylaxis of what was then called leprosy. The discourses of Achilles Lisboa, the doctor who best expressed this period, are highlighted here, since they contributed to aggressively mold the public policies of exclusion directed to those having Hansen's disease in Maranhão.

  19. The influence of increased access to basic healthcare on the trends in Hansen's disease detection rate in Brazil from 1980 to 2006.

    PubMed

    Penna, Maria Lucia Fernandes; Oliveira, Maria Leide W; Carmo, Eduardo Hage; Penna, Gerson Oliveira; Temporão, José Gomes

    2008-01-01

    Brazilian Hansen's disease detection rate rose during the 80s and 90s of the 20th century. The Brazilian health system reform happened during the same period. Detection rate is a function of the real incidence of cases and the diagnostic agility of the health system. Coverage of BCG immunization in infants was used as a proxy variable for primary healthcare coverage. A log-normal regression model of detection rate as a function of BCG coverage, time and time square was adjusted to data. The detection rate presents an upward trend throughout the period and with a downturn beginning in 2003. The model showed a statistically significant positive regression coefficient for BCG coverage, suggesting that detection rate behavior reflects the improvement of access to health care. The detection rate began a trend towards decline in 2003, indicating a new phase of Hansen's disease control.

  20. Partial solubility parameters of lactose, mannitol and saccharose using the modified extended Hansen method and evaporation light scattering detection.

    PubMed

    Peña, M A; Daali, Y; Barra, J; Bustamante, P

    2000-02-01

    The modified extended Hansen method was tested for the first time to determine partial solubility parameters of non-polymeric pharmaceutical excipients. The method was formerly tested with drug molecules, and is based upon a regression analysis of the logarithm of the mole fraction solubility of the solute against the partial solubility parameters of a series of solvents of different chemical classes. Two monosaccharides and one disaccharide (lactose monohydrate, saccharose and mannitol) were chosen. The solubility of these compounds was determined in a series of solvents ranging from nonpolar to polar and covering a wide range of the solubility parameter scale. Sugars do not absorb at the UV-vis region, and the saturated solutions were assayed with a recent chromatographic technique coupled to an evaporative light scattering detector. This technique was suitable to determine the concentration dissolved in most solvents. The modified extended Hansen method provided better results than the original approach. The best model was the four parameter equation, which includes the dispersion delta d, dipolar delta p, acidic delta a and basic delta b partial solubility parameters. The partial solubility parameters obtained, expressed as MPa1/2, were delta d = 17.6, delta p = 28.7, delta h = 19, delta a = 14.5, delta b = 12.4, delta T = 32.8 for lactose, delta d = 16.2, delta p = 24.5, delta h = 14.6, delta a = 8.7, delta b = 12.2, delta T = 32.8 for mannitol and delta d = 17.1, delta p = 18.5, delta h = 13, delta a = 11.3, delta b = 7.6, delta T = 28.4 for saccharose. The high total solubility parameters delta T obtained agree with the polar nature of the sugars. The dispersion parameters delta d are quite similar for the three sugars indicating that the polar delta p and hydrogen bonding parameters (delta h, delta a, delta b) are responsible for the variation in the total solubility parameters delta T obtained, as also found for drugs. The results suggest that the method

  1. Geographic information systems and applied spatial statistics are efficient tools to study Hansen's disease (leprosy) and to determine areas of greater risk of disease.

    PubMed

    Queiroz, José Wilton; Dias, Gutemberg H; Nobre, Maurício Lisboa; De Sousa Dias, Márcia C; Araújo, Sérgio F; Barbosa, James D; Bezerra da Trindade-Neto, Pedro; Blackwell, Jenefer M; Jeronimo, Selma M B

    2010-02-01

    Applied Spatial Statistics used in conjunction with geographic information systems (GIS) provide an efficient tool for the surveillance of diseases. Here, using these tools we analyzed the spatial distribution of Hansen's disease in an endemic area in Brazil. A sample of 808 selected from a universe of 1,293 cases was geocoded in Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Hansen's disease cases were not distributed randomly within the neighborhoods, with higher detection rates found in more populated districts. Cluster analysis identified two areas of high risk, one with a relative risk of 5.9 (P = 0.001) and the other 6.5 (P = 0.001). A significant relationship between the geographic distribution of disease and the social economic variables indicative of poverty was observed. Our study shows that the combination of GIS and spatial analysis can identify clustering of transmissible disease, such as Hansen's disease, pointing to areas where intervention efforts can be targeted to control disease.

  2. Geographic Information Systems and Applied Spatial Statistics Are Efficient Tools to Study Hansen's Disease (Leprosy) and to Determine Areas of Greater Risk of Disease

    PubMed Central

    Queiroz, José Wilton; Dias, Gutemberg H.; Nobre, Maurício Lisboa; De Sousa Dias, Márcia C.; Araújo, Sérgio F.; Barbosa, James D.; da Trindade-Neto, Pedro Bezerra; Blackwell, Jenefer M.; Jeronimo, Selma M. B.

    2010-01-01

    Applied Spatial Statistics used in conjunction with geographic information systems (GIS) provide an efficient tool for the surveillance of diseases. Here, using these tools we analyzed the spatial distribution of Hansen's disease in an endemic area in Brazil. A sample of 808 selected from a universe of 1,293 cases was geocoded in Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Hansen's disease cases were not distributed randomly within the neighborhoods, with higher detection rates found in more populated districts. Cluster analysis identified two areas of high risk, one with a relative risk of 5.9 (P = 0.001) and the other 6.5 (P = 0.001). A significant relationship between the geographic distribution of disease and the social economic variables indicative of poverty was observed. Our study shows that the combination of GIS and spatial analysis can identify clustering of transmissible disease, such as Hansen's disease, pointing to areas where intervention efforts can be targeted to control disease. PMID:20134009

  3. [Prognostic value of Lauge-Hansen and Danis-Weber classification in nonoperative and operative tibia ankle fracture treatment].

    PubMed

    Tomiak, Michał; Czubak, Jarosław

    2007-01-01

    Tibia ankle fractures and traumatic injuries of the ankle-tibia joint area are one of the most intractable problems in orthopedic and traumatic surgery. Because of the displacement of these fractures they require precise opening of the joint surface area to undertake the early repositioning in order to gain eficient walk. The objective of this paper was to evaluate and compare the final results of nonoperative and operative treament methods, specificlly the two most common prognosis values of tibia ankle fracture clasifications by Danis-Weber and Lauge-Hansen. This is the prognositic marking in the range of functional and radiological results dependant upon the method beeing applied. The repetetiveness and accordance of these two classifications has been evaluated as well. This research was conducted on the retrospective evalutaion based on the X-rays of 61 patients (28 women and 33 men) between the ages of 20-76 making the average age 49.5. The definition of accordance and repetitivenes was conducted by three doctors, who evaluated the x-rays from the standard fornt, back, and side projection of relaxed joint ankle.

  4. [Power of music that moves mind and body--music therapy in the Hansen's disease sanatorium in Japan].

    PubMed

    Fukamizu, Yuu; En, Junichiro; Kano, Tatsuo; Arikawa, Isao

    2009-02-01

    Average age of residents living in National sanatorium Hoshizuka-Keiaien where people have past history of Hansen disease is around 80 years old at present, and many of them spend their whole days in watching TV or sleeping almost alone in their rooms. Therefore music therapy was introduced in order to improve their daily activities in our sanatorium. Singing, listening to music, playing the musical instruments, and dancing were performed, either in a group or individually. Reactivation of their brain function such as recollection, sense of unity and relaxation were expected. Improvement of cardiopulmonary function was also expected. Solidarity and relaxed state were observed by being with the other participants in the group therapy. For example, when using musical instruments, some participants with hesitation tried to use their instruments, and had good performance. They seemed to be satisfied and became confident with the musical instruments. Then their confidence and satisfaction activated the group. After the sessions, mutual conversation increased. These processes obtained a synergy effect, which means that a group affects of individuals at first and next alteration of individual behavior influences the group. We could observe a better effect in their motivation and activity in their daily life in the individual therapy. The music therapy was applied to the senior participants by the music therapist in this study. The participants could easily reinforce their mind and body through this therapy. Music therapy will be continued for the improvement of quality of life of residents in the sanatorium.

  5. Analysis of Hansen's Inferior and Superior Partial Anomalies and the Division of the Elliptic Orbit into Two Segments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharaf, M. A.; Saad, A. S.

    2017-10-01

    In this paper, a novel analysis was established to prove how Hansen's inferior and superior partial anomalies k and k_1 can divide the elliptic orbit into two segments. The analysis depends on the departures of r (for k) and 1/r (for k1) from their minima. By these departures, we can find: (i) Transformations relating the eccentric anomaly to k and the true anomaly to k1. (ii) Expressions for k and k_1 in terms of the orbital elements. (iii) The interpretation and the intervals of definition of two moduli (X, S) related to k and k_1. (iv) The extreme values of r and the elliptic equations in terms of k and k1. (v) For r' and r'', the modulus X as a measure of the asymmetry of r' (or r'') from r'' (or r'), and the modulus S12 as a measure of the asymmetry of r' and r'' from the minimum value of r. (vi) A description of the segments represented by k and k1. (vii) The relative position of the radius vector at k0° and k1=180°.

  6. Achieving concentrated graphene dispersions in water/acetone mixtures by the strategy of tailoring Hansen solubility parameters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yi, Min; Shen, Zhigang; Zhang, Xiaojing; Ma, Shulin

    2013-01-01

    Although exfoliating graphite to give graphene paves a new way for graphene preparation, a general strategy of low-boiling-point solvents and high graphene concentration is still highly required. In this study, using the strategy of tailoring Hansen solubility parameters (HSP), a method based on exfoliation of graphite in water/acetone mixtures is demonstrated to achieve concentrated graphene dispersions. It is found that in the scope of blending two mediocre solvents, tailoring the HSP of water/acetone mixtures to approach the HSP of graphene could yield graphene dispersions at a high concentration of up to 0.21 mg ml-1. The experimentally determined optimum composition of the mixtures occurs at an acetone mass fraction of ˜75%. The trend of concentration varying with mixture compositions could be well predicated by the model, which relates the concentration to the mixing enthalpy within the scope of HSP theory. The resultant dispersion is highly stabilized. Atomic force microscopic statistical analysis shows that up to ˜50% of the prepared nanosheets are less than 1 nm thick after 4 h sonication and 114g centrifugation. Analyses based on diverse characterizations indicate the graphene sheets to be largely free of basal plane defects and oxidation. The filtered films are also investigated in terms of their electrical and optical properties to show reasonable conductivity and transparency. The strategy of tailoring HSP, which can be easily extended to various solvent systems, and water/acetone mixtures here, extends the scope for large-scale production of graphene in low-boiling-point solutions.

  7. [Hansen's disease-associated disabilities in sanatoria residents. A study of the actual situation in three sanatoria located in the Setouchi area].

    PubMed

    Aoki, Yoshinori

    2004-09-01

    Clarification of details of Hansen's disease in Japan is important for obtaining an adequate understanding of the present circumstances regarding control and for formulation of specific suggestions for future measures. The average age of residents in national Hansen's disease sanatoria reached 74.9 in May 2002 and most of these suffer from serious disabilities caused by the disease. In order to implement measures facilitating their return to society or secure living in sanatoria, a proper understanding of the residents' physical situation is essential. Therefore, the present study was conducted of residents suffering from Hansen's disease in Japan. A direct interview was conducted with all 1282 residents of three sanatoria, located in the Setouchi area: Nagashima-aiseien, Oku-komyoen, and Oshima-seishoen. An investigator visited the rooms of the residents, interviewed them using a questionnaire, which consisted of about 100 items including the OPCS scale, and filled out an answer form. The reply rate was 64%. The average age of the residents was found to be 72.8 years, their average age when they entered the sanatoria was 26.0 years, and the average period of residence was 52.4 years. The damage they suffer as a result of the isolation policy is physical, mental, economical and social. That is to say, their entire life is harmed as a direct result of the Leprosy Prevention Law or the Eugenic Protection Law with discrimination in society and negative effects on their families. Their physical condition features serious disabilities in the use of fingers, as well as in walking and seeing caused by peripheral nerve damage. Such disabilities are related to their age and period of residence, and in addition, these in use of their fingers are related to the work which residents were forced to do in sanatoria. The results indicate that patients' physical condition is related to their age, how long they have had the disease and their work in sanatoria. It is clear that

  8. Insights into organogelation and its kinetics from Hansen solubility parameters. Toward a priori predictions of molecular gelation.

    PubMed

    Diehn, Kevin K; Oh, Hyuntaek; Hashemipour, Reza; Weiss, Richard G; Raghavan, Srinivasa R

    2014-04-21

    Many small molecules can self-assemble by non-covalent interactions into fibrous networks and thereby induce gelation of organic liquids. However, no capability currently exists to predict whether a molecule in a given solvent will form a gel, a low-viscosity solution (sol), or an insoluble precipitate. Gelation has been recognized as a phenomenon that reflects a balance between solubility and insolubility; however, the distinction between these regimes has not been quantified in a systematic fashion. In this work, we focus on a well-known gelator, 1,3:2,4-dibenzylidene sorbitol (DBS), and study its self-assembly in various solvents. From these data, we build a framework for DBS gelation based on Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs). While the HSPs for DBS are not known a priori, the HSPs are available for each solvent and they quantify the solvent's ability to interact via dispersion, dipole-dipole, and hydrogen bonding interactions. Using the three HSPs, we construct three-dimensional plots showing regions of solubility (S), slow gelation (SG), instant gelation (IG), and insolubility (I) for DBS in the different solvents at a given temperature and concentration. Our principal finding is that the above regions radiate out as concentric shells: i.e., a central solubility (S) sphere, followed in order by spheres corresponding to SG, IG, and I regions. The distance (R0) from the origin of the central sphere quantifies the incompatibility between DBS and a solvent-the larger this distance, the more incompatible the pair. The elastic modulus of the final gel increases with R0, while the time required for a super-saturated sol to form a gel decreases with R0. Importantly, if R0 is too small, the gels are weak, but if R0 is too large, insolubility occurs-thus, strong gels fall within an optimal window of incompatibility between the gelator and the solvent. Our approach can be used to design organogels of desired strength and gelation time by judicious choice of a

  9. Leprosy (Hansen's Disease)

    MedlinePlus

    ... Prepare Your Application Draft Specific Aims Outline Your Experiments Know Your Audience Write Your Research Plan Plan ... Applications Requesting Prior Clinical Trial Planning Application Vertebrate Animals Research Animals Involvement Codes Select Agents NIAID Select ...

  10. [Hansen disease in Mercosur].

    PubMed

    Vazquez, F A; Varela, N N; Antola, M C; Wand-Del-Rey, M L; Leguizamón, O R

    1996-01-01

    In the context of the important changes of a political economic, social and health order upon which the Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay have now embarked in the framework of the commitment undertaken to create instruments for the Common Market of the South America (MERCOSUR), the importance of leprosy for public health in this new region is analysed. In this connection a description is given of the background and reasons which led to the creation of the MERCOSUR Committee for technical cooperation on leprosy, composed of the heads of the national leprosy control programmes of the countries in question, for the purpose of implementing the Protocol of Intention signed by the representatives of the Ministers of member countries, with the object of establishing policies of technical cooperation in activities to control this disease, with a view to attaining the goal proposed by WHO of eliminating leprosy as a public health problem by the year 2000. Using the data contributed by the different programmes, the epidemiological situation existing in this region in December 1995 is outlined, with analysis of certain epidemiological, demographic and operational variables, showing that MERCOSUR has a prevalence of 6.03 per 10,000 population, one of the highest rates in comparison with other WHO regions; a high percentage of cases lost to view (abandons); and a low rate of coverage with multidrug therapy. In this region a total of 33,654 new cases were detected during 1995, of which more than 50% were multibacillary forms, while nearly 10% of them were youngsters of less of 15 years of age. The action carried out jointly among the four countries, the successes achieved and the results to be achieved in the short term are also described.

  11. Meeting the Privacy Requirements for the Development of a Multi-Centre Patient Registry in Canada: The Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Injury Registry

    PubMed Central

    Noonan, Vanessa K.; Thorogood, Nancy P.; Joshi, Phalgun B.; Fehlings, Michael G.; Craven, B. Catharine; Linassi, Gary; Fourney, Daryl R.; Kwon, Brian K.; Bailey, Christopher S.; Tsai, Eve C.; Drew, Brian M.; Ahn, Henry; Tsui, Deborah; Dvorak, Marcel F.

    2013-01-01

    Privacy legislation addresses concerns regarding the privacy of personal information; however, its interpretation by research ethics boards has resulted in significant challenges to the collection, management, use and disclosure of personal health information for multi-centre research studies. This paper describes the strategy used to develop the national Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Injury Registry (RHSCIR) in accordance with privacy statutes and benchmarked against best practices. An analysis of the regional and national privacy legislation was conducted to determine the requirements for each of the 31 local RHSCIR sites and the national RHSCIR office. A national privacy and security framework was created for RHSCIR that includes a governance structure, standard operating procedures, training processes, physical and technical security and privacy impact assessments. The framework meets a high-water mark in ensuring privacy and security of personal health information nationally and may assist in the development of other national or international research initiatives. PMID:23968640

  12. Hansen solubility parameters for assay method optimization of simvastatin, ramipril, atenolol, hydrochlorothiazide and aspirin in human plasma using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Devalapalli, Murali Mohan Reddy; Cheruvu, Hanumanth Srikanth; Yertha, Thejaswi; Veeravalli, Vijaya Bhaskar; Sampathi, Sunitha; Shivakumar, Savithri

    2017-09-01

    A simple, specific, sensitive, validated method was developed using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization of human plasma for the simultaneous estimation of drugs (simvastatin, ramipril, atenolol, hydrochlorothiazide, and aspirin) of Polycap(TM) capsule used in cardiovascular therapy. The interaction of these actives including internal standards between the stationary and mobile phase were investigated using Hansen solubility parameters. Chromatographic separation was performed on Phenomenex Synergi Polar-RP (30 × 2 mm, 4 μm) column with a gradient mobile phase composition of acetonitrile and 5 mM ammonium formate for positive mode and 0.1% formic acid in both water and acetonitrile for negative mode. The flow rate and runtime were 1.0 mL/min and 3.5 min, respectively. Sample extraction was done by protein precipitation using acetonitrile, enabling a fast analysis. The calibration ranges from 0.1 to 100, 0.1 to 100, and 1 to 1000 ng/mL for simvastatin, ramipril, and atenolol using internal standard carbamazepine in positive mode, respectively, whereas it was 0.3-300 and 2-2000 ng/mL for hydrochlorothiazide and aspirin using internal standard 7-hydroxy coumarin in negative mode, respectively. Hansen solubility parameters can be used as a high-throughput optimizing tool for column and mobile phase selection in bioanalysis. This validated bioanalytical method has the potential for future fixed dose combination based preclinical and clinical studies that can save analysis time. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Early postoperative active mobilisation versus immobilisation following tibialis posterior tendon transfer for foot-drop correction in patients with Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Rath, Santosh; Schreuders, Ton A R; Selles, Ruud W

    2010-03-01

    After tibialis posterior tendon transfer surgery for foot-drop correction, the foot is traditionally immobilised for several weeks. To test the feasibility of early mobilisation after this procedure in patients with Hansen's disease, 21 consecutive patients received active mobilisation of the transfer starting on the 5th postoperative day. Transfer insertion strength was enhanced by Pulvertaft weave. The results were compared with a historical cohort of 21 patients receiving 4 weeks of immobilisation. The primary outcomes were active dorsiflexion, active plantar flexion and total active motion at the ankle, tendon-insertion pullout and time until discharge from rehabilitation with independent walking without aid. Assessments at discharge from rehabilitation and the last clinical follow-up at more than 1 year were compared between both groups. The Student's t-test was used to compare data between the groups, and 95% confidence interval of the difference between groups was determined. A p-value of 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The average follow-up was 22 months for both groups. There was no incidence of insertion pullout of the tendon transfer in either group. In addition, there was no difference in active dorsiflexion angle between the groups at discharge (mean difference: 2.2 degrees, p=0.22) and final assessment (mean difference: 2.3 degrees, p=0.42). The plantar flexion angles were similar in both groups at discharge (mean difference: 0.5 degrees, p=0.86) and final assessment (mean difference: 0.5 degrees, p=0.57). In addition, there was no difference in total active motion between the groups at discharge (mean difference: 2 degrees, p=0.54) and final assessment (mean difference: 1 degrees, p=0.49). The patients were discharged from rehabilitation with independent walking at 44.04+/-7.9 days after surgery in the mobilisation group compared to 57.07+/-2.3 days in the immobilisation group. This indicates a significant difference in morbidity (mean

  14. Comparative role of 20% cord blood serum and 20% autologous serum in dry eye associated with Hansen's disease: a tear proteomic study.

    PubMed

    Mukhopadhyay, Somnath; Sen, Swarnali; Datta, Himadri

    2015-01-01

    To compare the role of topically applied serum therapy with preservative-free artificial tear (AT) drops in patients with moderate to severe dry eye in Hansen's disease along with change in tear protein profile. 144 consecutive patients were randomly divided into three groups. After a baseline examination of clinical parameters, each of the patients received designated modality of topical therapy six times a day for 6 weeks. Post-treatment documentation of clinical parameters was done at 6 weeks, and then at 12 weeks after discontinuation of topical therapy. Analysis of three tear proteins using gel electrophoresis (sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) was done at baseline, at the first and second post-treatment visits. In the cord blood serum (CBS) group, except for McMonnies score and staining score, all other clinical parameters showed continued improvement in the first and second post-treatment analyses. In the autologous serum (ALS) group, all the clinical parameters except Schirmer's I showed significant improvement in the first post-treatment analysis .This was sustained at a significant level in the second analysis except for tear film break-up time (TBUT) and conjunctival impression cytology grading. In the AT group, all the parameters improved at a non-significant level except for TBUT in the first analysis. In the next analysis, apart from McMonnies score and TBUT, other clinical parameters did not improve. In the ALS and CBS groups, tear lysozyme, lactoferrin levels improved in both post-treatment measurements (statistically insignificant).Total tear protein continued to increase at statistically significant levels in the first and second post-treatment analyses in the CBS group and at a statistically insignificant level in the ALS group. In the AT group, the three tear proteins continued to decrease in both the analyses. In moderate to severe dry eye in Hansen's disease, serum therapy in comparison with AT drops, improves

  15. Hansen solubility parameters (HSP) for prescreening formulation of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN): in vitro testing of curcumin-loaded SLN in MCF-7 and BT-474 cell lines.

    PubMed

    Doktorovova, Slavomira; Souto, Eliana B; Silva, Amélia M

    2017-10-10

    Curcumin, a phenolic compound from turmeric rhizome (Curcuma longa), has many interesting pharmacological effects, but shows very low aqueous solubility. Consequently, several drug delivery systems based on polymeric and lipid raw materials have been proposed to increase its bioavailability. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN), consisting of solid lipid matrix and a surfactant layer can load poorly water-soluble drugs, such as curcumin, deliver them at defined rates and enhance their intracellular uptake. In the present work, we demonstrate that, despite the drug's affinity to lipids frequently used in SLN production, the curcumin amount loaded in most SLN formulations may be too low to exhibit anticancer properties. The predictive curcumin solubility in solid lipids has been thoroughly analyzed by Hansen solubility parameters, in parallel with the lipid-screening solubility tests for a range of selected lipids. We identified the most suitable lipid materials for curcumin-loaded SLN, producing physicochemically stable particles with high encapsulation efficiency (>90%). Loading capacity of curcumin in SLN allowed preventing the cellular damage caused by cationic SLN on MCF-7 and BT-474 cells but was not sufficient to exhibit drug's anticancer properties. But curcumin-loaded SLN exhibited antioxidant properties, substantiating the conclusions that curcumin's effect in cancer cells is highly dose dependent.

  16. Impact of biological control agents on fusaric acid secreted from Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. gladioli (Massey) Snyder and Hansen in Gladiolus grandiflorus corms.

    PubMed

    Nosir, Walid; McDonald, Jim; Woodward, Steve

    2011-01-01

    Fusaric acid (FA) (5-n-butylpuridine 2-carboxyl acid), a highly toxic secondary metabolite produced by Fusarium oxysporum strains, plays a significant role in disease development. The abilities of three F. oxysporum f. sp. gladioli (Massey) Snyder and Hansen isolates (G010; 649-91; and 160-57) to produce FA in infected Gladiolus corm tissues was evaluated in vitro in relation to the presence of two biological control agents, Trichoderma harzianum T22, and Aneurinobacillus migulanus. Pathogenicity tests were used to differentiate between the abilities of the F. oxysporum strains to secrete FA. FA was identified using LC/MS and quantified using HPLC. Isolate G010 was significantly more virulent (P < 0.01) on Gladiolus grandiflorus corms; it secretes 1.8 μM FA/g fresh weight corm into inoculated Gladiolus. Moreover, G010 was the only isolate that produced FA among the three examined isolates. There was a correlation between the corm lesion area and the FA secretion ability of F. oxysporum f. sp. gladioli (P < 0.001; r (2) = 0.96). No FA was detected in PDA cultures of F.oxysporum f. sp. gladioli isolates. The presence of T. harzianum T22 appeared to prevent FA secretion into the corms. In the presence of A. migulanus, however, the amount of FA secreted into the corm tissues increased. These results support the use of T. harzianum as an effective biological control agent against F. oxysporum f. sp. gladioli.

  17. [Nursing assistant care at the national Hansen's disease sanatorium in Japan: focusing on "autonomy of the life field" for physically and socially challenged residents].

    PubMed

    Honda, Yasuo

    2008-09-01

    Previous studies on sociology and cultural anthropology insist that it is impossible to provide sufficient autonomy to clients who enroll for group care at care facilities. The purpose of this study is to analyze the nature of nursing assistant care at the national Hansen's disease sanatorium in Japan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 39 nursing assistants and 6 head nurses who cared for physically and socially challenged residents at this sanatorium. The investigation revealed that as a result of facing huge conflicts in the caring process, the nursing assistants had learned to appreciate the inherent life and history of residents. Thus, the nursing assistants and residents were bound together by mutual trust with a view to maximize the "autonomy of the life field." Conflict had not stunted the self-affirmation of nursing assistants; moreover, mutual trust had reorganized the "relevant system pertaining to care" for nursing assistants, which consisted of "the unification of care" and "the equality of care." It is suggested that group care at this sanatorium promotes the "autonomy of the life field" by valuing conflicts between nursing assistants and residents.

  18. Profile of patients affected by Hansen's disease seen at the Outpatient Clinic of Dermatology at Hospital Evangélico de Curitiba.

    PubMed

    Budel, Anelise Roskamp; Raymundo, Anelise Rocha; Costa, Carla Fabiane da; Gerhardt, Cristina; Pedri, Lucas Eduardo

    2011-01-01

    Leprosy or Hansen's disease is a chronic infectious disease with worldwide distribution. Although it is a curable disease, it remains as a public health problem, with Brazil being the second most endemic country in the world. The skin lesions and neural damage, which lead to physical disabilities, affect the patients' self-esteem, cause a decrease in quality of life and interfere in the patients' lives. Identify the profile of the patients affected by leprosy seen at the Outpatient Clinic of Dermatology of Hospital Evangélico de Curitiba and characterize the levels of quality of life of the sample in the week prior to the survey by means of the Dermatology Life Quality Index questionnaire. Application of the Dermatology Life Quality Index to 22 patients diagnosed with leprosy in the period from May to October 2009. Among the 22 patients who participated in the study, 55% were male and 45% were female, with a mean age of 50.2 years. The scores obtained with the Dermatology Life Quality Index ranged from 1 to 25 points, with a mean of 10.23. Most of the patients (50%) had scores in the range severe or very severe; 31.8% of the patients obtained scores in the range mild or moderate, and 18.2% of the patients reported that there was no impairment of their quality of life. The profile of the patients affected by leprosy in this study were men, with a mean age of 50 years and presenting the multibacillary form of the disease. The application of the Dermatology Life Quality Index questionnaire allowed us to verify that the score severe or very severe for quality of life was predominant in the sample, with higher impact on women and no significant difference concerning pauci or multibacillary leprosy.

  19. Validation of the Monte Carlo criticality program KENO IV and the Hansen-Roach sixteen-energy-group-cross sections for high-assay uranium systems. [KENO IV criticality code

    SciTech Connect

    Handley, G. R.; Masters, L. C.; Stachowiak, R. V.

    1981-04-10

    Validation of the Monte Carlo criticality code, KENO IV, and the Hansen-Roach sixteen-energy-group cross sections was accomplished by calculating the effective neutron multiplication constant, k/sub eff/, of 29 experimentally critical assemblies which had uranium enrichments of 92.6% or higher in the uranium-235 isotope. The experiments were chosen so that a large variety of geometries and of neutron energy spectra were covered. Problems, calculating the k/sub eff/ of systems with high-uranium-concentration uranyl nitrate solution that were minimally reflected or unreflected, resulted in the separate examination of five cases.

  20. Various faces of Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Raval, R C

    2012-01-01

    Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leproe. Leprosy once considered a taboo is still misdiagnosed and underdiagnosed. In many cases leprosy is treated as common disorders like psoriasis, pyoderma, angioedema, pre vitiligo. Leprosy can present in many diverse ways which can be confused with many treatable and non treatable, infectious and non infectious forms. Leprosy is considered on the verge of elimination. But Leprosy cases are being newly diagnosed day by day. Here we are presenting 4 atypical cases of leprosy which did not seem to have classical presentation but were diagnosed as leprosy when investigated.

  1. [A review on Hansen's disease].

    PubMed

    Luis Fernández, J; Rangel Mayoral, J F; Liso Rubio, F J

    2004-01-01

    Hanseńs disease or leprosy is considered a pre-eradicated condition in Spain, with a prevalence rate of 0.1 cases per 10,000 inhabitants (below 1 case per 10,000 inhabitants, which was the World Health Organizatiońs health goal worldwide for year 2000). The purpose of this review was to study this disease with a particular focus on its clinical aspects (diagnosis, forms, complications, etc.) and drug therapy. Main sources used for this review included Micromedex Healthcare System, PudMed, Cochrane Library, and World Health Organization recommendations. Leprosy is characterized by the existence of various clinical forms, among which tuberculoid leprosy and lepromatous leprosy stand out, even though a wide variety of intermediate forms may appear between these two extremes. The high complexity and variability of forms and clinical pictures, together with epidemiology and drug accessibility- since the disease shows a high prevalence in a number of developing countries-results in various treatment regimens being currently used. This makes eradication difficult and contributes to the existence of many different treatments following different recommendations on leprosy, as is the case with WHO-delivered guidelines. However, current treatments share a common base made up of several combined drugs, particularly rifampicin, dapsone, and clofazimin. Active principles most recently added to the multitherapy of leprosy include fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines, and macrolides. The most significant conclusion on this disease is that leprosy is currently considered a scarcely transmitted (natural resistance in 95% of the population), easily diagnosed, and good prognosis condition when early diagnosis and adequate treatment occur. Patient contagiousness disappears within a few weeks after treatment onset, and a normal community life may be led.

  2. Late Holocene earthquake history of the Brigham City segment of the Wasatch fault zone at the Hansen Canyon, Kotter Canyon, and Pearsons Canyon trench sites, Box Elder County, Utah

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    DuRoss, Christopher B.; Personius, Stephen F.; Crone, Anthony J.; McDonald, Greg N.; Briggs, Richard W.

    2012-01-01

    Of the five central segments of the Wasatch fault zone (WFZ) having evidence of recurrent Holocene surface-faulting earthquakes, the Brigham City segment (BCS) has the longest elapsed time since its most recent surface-faulting event (~2.1 kyr) compared to its mean recurrence time between events (~1.3 kyr). Thus, the BCS has the highest time-dependent earthquake probability of the central WFZ. We excavated trenches at three sites––the Kotter Canyon and Hansen Canyon sites on the north-central BCS and Pearsons Canyon site on the southern BCS––to determine whether a surface-faulting earthquake younger than 2.1 ka occurred on the BCS. Paleoseismic data for Hansen Canyon and Kotter Canyon confirm that the youngest earthquake on the north-central BCS occurred before 2 ka, consistent with previous north-central BCS investigations at Bowden Canyon and Box Elder Canyon. At Hansen Canyon, the most recent earthquake is constrained to 2.1–4.2 ka and had 0.6–2.5 m of vertical displacement. At Kotter Canyon, we found evidence for two events at 2.5 ± 0.3 ka and 3.5 ± 0.3 ka, with an average displacement per event of 1.9–2.3 m. Paleoseismic data from Pearsons Canyon, on the previously unstudied southern BCS, indicate that a post-2 ka earthquake ruptured this part of the segment. The Pearsons Canyon earthquake occurred at 1.2 ± 0.04 ka and had 0.1–0.8 m of vertical displacement, consistent with our observation of continuous, youthful scarps on the southern 9 km of the BCS having 1–2 m of late Holocene(?) surface offset. The 1.2-ka earthquake on the southern BCS likely represents rupture across the Weber–Brigham City segment boundary from the penultimate Weber-segment earthquake at about 1.1 ka. The Pearsons Canyon data result in a revised length of the BCS that has not ruptured since 2 ka (with time-dependent probability implications), and provide compelling evidence of at least one segment-boundary failure and multi-segment rupture on the central WFZ. Our

  3. The modified extended Hansen method to determine partial solubility parameters of drugs containing a single hydrogen bonding group and their sodium derivatives: benzoic acid/Na and ibuprofen/Na.

    PubMed

    Bustamante, P; Pena, M A; Barra, J

    2000-01-20

    Sodium salts are often used in drug formulation but their partial solubility parameters are not available. Sodium alters the physical properties of the drug and the knowledge of these parameters would help to predict adhesion properties that cannot be estimated using the solubility parameters of the parent acid. This work tests the applicability of the modified extended Hansen method to determine partial solubility parameters of sodium salts of acidic drugs containing a single hydrogen bonding group (ibuprofen, sodium ibuprofen, benzoic acid and sodium benzoate). The method uses a regression analysis of the logarithm of the experimental mole fraction solubility of the drug against the partial solubility parameters of the solvents, using models with three and four parameters. The solubility of the drugs was determined in a set of solvents representative of several chemical classes, ranging from low to high solubility parameter values. The best results were obtained with the four parameter model for the acidic drugs and with the three parameter model for the sodium derivatives. The four parameter model includes both a Lewis-acid and a Lewis-base term. Since the Lewis acid properties of the sodium derivatives are blocked by sodium, the three parameter model is recommended for these kind of compounds. Comparison of the parameters obtained shows that sodium greatly changes the polar parameters whereas the dispersion parameter is not much affected. Consequently the total solubility parameters of the salts are larger than for the parent acids in good agreement with the larger hydrophilicity expected from the introduction of sodium. The results indicate that the modified extended Hansen method can be applied to determine the partial solubility parameters of acidic drugs and their sodium salts.

  4. Comparison of the cohesion-adhesion balance approach to colloidal probe atomic force microscopy and the measurement of Hansen partial solubility parameters by inverse gas chromatography for the prediction of dry powder inhalation performance.

    PubMed

    Jones, Matthew D; Buckton, Graham

    2016-07-25

    The abilities of the cohesive-adhesive balance approach to atomic force microscopy (AFM) and the measurement of Hansen partial solubility parameters by inverse gas chromatography (IGC) to predict the performance of carrier-based dry powder inhaler (DPI) formulations were compared. Five model drugs (beclometasone dipropionate, budesonide, salbutamol sulphate, terbutaline sulphate and triamcinolone acetonide) and three model carriers (erythritol, α-lactose monohydrate and d-mannitol) were chosen, giving fifteen drug-carrier combinations. Comparison of the AFM and IGC interparticulate adhesion data suggested that they did not produce equivalent results. Comparison of the AFM data with the in vitro fine particle delivery of appropriate DPI formulations normalised to account for particle size differences revealed a previously observed pattern for the AFM measurements, with a slightly cohesive AFM CAB ratio being associated with the highest fine particle fraction. However, no consistent relationship between formulation performance and the IGC data was observed. The results as a whole highlight the complexity of the many interacting variables that can affect the behaviour of DPIs and suggest that the prediction of their performance from a single measurement is unlikely to be successful in every case.

  5. [Migration and Hansen's disease in Mato Grosso].

    PubMed

    Magalhães, Maria da Conceição Cavalcanti; dos Santos, Emerson Soares; de Queiroz, Maria de Lourdes; de Lima, Messias Lucas; Borges, Rita Christina Martins; Souza, Maria Silva; Ramos, Alberto Novaes

    2011-09-01

    Studies on medical geography about leprosy discuss the role of the detailed report of the occupation of the territories as a basis of the permanence of leprosy focus. In Brazil, the states that present the highest rates of detection historically are in the Amazon region, which shows an uneven regional evolution of the disease. This paper analyzes the evolution of leprosy contextualizing the migratory processes that occurred in the State of Mato Grosso since the second half of the 20th century. The economic dynamism that occurred in the State in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s caused population growth rates higher than the national average. The data analyzed permitted an association between the evolution of leprosy and the process of occupation of the mato-grossense territory. However, the permanence of leprosy in the municipalities of the Baixada Cuiabana, as well as in other municipalities that lost population, seem to point to the existence of geographic contexts of different vulnerability to the social production of the disease in the tate. The migration would explain the appearance and evolution of leprosy. However, we consider that the maintenance of the endemic can be associated to contextual factors related to environment.

  6. Unilateral Demodicidosis of Face Mimicking Hansens Disease

    PubMed Central

    Vashisht, Deepak; Singh, Jatinder; Baveja, Sukriti; Tiwari, Rohit; Bhatnagar, Anuj

    2016-01-01

    Demodicosis is a common parasitic infection of the hair follicles and the pilosebaceous unit by the Demodex mites viz. Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis. Infection by this parasite is common among immunocompromised and elderly. We report a case of facial Demodicosis which presented like atypical rosacea with a gradually progressing swelling and redness on right side of face which was initially diagnosed as a case of Hansen’s disease. Skin biopsy revealed follicular dilatation with presence of Demodex mite along with intense perifollicular lymphomononuclear infiltrate. Patient was treated with oral tab Ivermectin 12 mg stat along with topical gel metronidazole twice daily to which he responded favourably. PMID:28326184

  7. Hansen Solubility Parameters for Octahedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-28

    Sci. 2005, 97, 939-945. 40. Cataldo, F. On the Solubility Parameter of C60 and Higher Fullerenes. Fuller. Nanotub . Carbon Nanostruct. 2009, 17, 79-84...First, the cohesive energy for the naphthyl group is calculated by scaling the values for phenyl groups 17 by the number of carbons (10 for...mass of the peripheral carbon atom nearest to each silicon atom actually falls within the cube, so each corner of the cube contains a region that is

  8. A unique case of concomitant intra and extracranial Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Divyam; Gupta, Anshul; Chhabra, Satnam Singh; Jain, Shrey

    2017-02-01

    Leprosy is a debilitating disease that usually involves the peripheral branches of the cranial nerves leading to anesthetic/hypoesthetic skin lesions and thickened peripheral nerves. However, the involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is extremely rare. To the best of the author's knowledge, the involvement of the cranial nerve nuclei by leprosy has not been reported in the literature and the present case is the first report of involvement of the facial nerve nuclei by leprosy.

  9. Response to Hansen: Economic Pressures, Not Science, Undermine Humanistic Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leibert, Todd W.

    2012-01-01

    The author contends that it was economic interests, not reductionist scientific methods, that displaced the humanities as the basis for counseling profession. Attacking scientific methods may inadvertently marginalize humanistic counselors. Instead, science in counseling should be viewed more broadly and thereby support the humanities as a basis…

  10. Application of the Hansen solubility Parameters theory to carbon nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Detriche, S; Zorzini, G; Colomer, J F; Fonseca, A; Nagy, J B

    2008-11-01

    Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are very promising nano-objects due to their exceptional properties. However, their tendency to form bundles as well as their insolubility in common solvents makes them difficult to handle. The main way to solve the problem is chemical or physical CNTs functionalisations, with all the problems inherent to the methods. In this contribution, we present a new approach that allows predicting the solubility of carbon nanotubes in many solvents but also predicting the most appropriate solvents to use for given samples of CNTs. Solubilisation and dispersion being directly connected, the present approach of solubilisation proves also to be efficient in dispersing the CNTs bundles. This contribution is a first step toward the control of carbon nanotube's dispersion in polymers and their homogenous functionalisation. Moreover, we also report here a new method, based on solvents, to separate carbon nanotubes by size, the use of mixture of non-solvents in order to obtain good solvents and the use of mixture of good solvents to obtain higher solubility. The use of mixture of good solvents allowed us to obtain high solubility, up to three times higher then that reported in literature. We have also measured and analysed the solubility of some functionalised carbon nanotubes.

  11. Response to Hansen: Economic Pressures, Not Science, Undermine Humanistic Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leibert, Todd W.

    2012-01-01

    The author contends that it was economic interests, not reductionist scientific methods, that displaced the humanities as the basis for counseling profession. Attacking scientific methods may inadvertently marginalize humanistic counselors. Instead, science in counseling should be viewed more broadly and thereby support the humanities as a basis…

  12. [Researching documents on the history of hansen's disease in Brazil].

    PubMed

    Santos, Vicente Saul Moreira dos

    2003-01-01

    This article corresponds to part of the results of a research on leprosy-related sources developed in several institutions in the city of Rio de Janeiro. At Real Gabinete Português de Leitura, Arquivo Nacional and Biblioteca Nacional, banks, indexes, official documents and photos on the administration of leprosaria and articles on the treatment of the disease have been investigated. At Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brazil (CPDOC-FGV), several files have been researched, mainly those with information on the health policies of the first Vargas administration (1930-1945). This research is part of the International Leprosy Association Global Project on the History of Leprosy. Its results can be accessed at the site http://www.leprosyhistory.org

  13. Use of Hansen Solubility Parameters in Fuel Treatment Processes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-17

    reduce cost of RP by producing these fuels from less expensive feed streams. • Reduced coking • Isp improvement • Improved thermal stability Performance...Thiophenes Aromatics Present in RP-1 Concentration varies Detrimental to Thermal Stability! Catalysts for Coking Reactions Detrimental to Performance

  14. [Obstacles to compliance with treatment for Hansen's disease

    PubMed

    Bakirtzief

    1996-10-01

    This research project aimed at identifying some of the factors related to leprosy patient compliance with the multidrug treatment regimen. The methodological framework of the Social Representations Theory was used. Two groups of patients were interviewed: compliant and non-compliant with treatment and those coming from two different health services. We observed a common understanding about treatment in the various interviews, expressed as a metaphor to describe the treatment experience: the figure of a battle in which the bacillus is portrayed as a threat, the patient as a victim, the medication as a weapon and the health professional as a hero or saint. Still, the medication is represented as being both good and bad for the patient's well-being. Finally, quality of the physician-patient relationship appeared to be the main difference between the two groups of subjects studied.

  15. Hansen Solubility Parameters for Fluoroalkyl Silicates (Briefing Charts)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-17

    REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 ...currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1 . REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) August 2012 2. REPORT TYPE...polypropylene base material without sacrificing the ease of flow that facilitates ease of manufacturing. The high thermal stability and ~ 1 nm size of

  16. Policing and Psychopathy: The Case of Robert Phillip Hansen

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    The psychological construct of psychopathy has received considerable attention in the extant research. This is especially the case with respect to...explaining the behavioral and personality dynamics of various offenders and criminal groups. Recently, the efficacy of the psychopathy concept has been...of the psychopathy construct for explaining the extremely violent behavior and personality structure of Robert P. Hanssen. Hanssen was a former FBI

  17. [Guidelines for the treatment of Hansen's disease in Japan (third edition)].

    PubMed

    Goto, Masamichi; Nogam, Reiko; Okano, Yoshiko; Gidoh, Masaichi; Yotsu, Rie; Ishida, Yutaka; Kitajima, Shinichi; Kai, Masanori; Ishii, Norihisa; Ozaki, Motoaki; Hatano, Kentaro

    2013-12-01

    ad hoc committee of Japanese Leprosy Association recommends revised standard treatment protocol of leprosy in Japan, which is a modification of World Health Organization's multidrug therapy (WHO/MDT, 2010). For paucibacillary (PB) leprosy, 6 months treatment by rifampicin and dapsone (MDT/PB) is enough. However, for high bacterial load multibacillary (MB) leprosy, 12 months treatment seems insufficient. Thus, (A) For MB with bacterial index (BI) > 3 before treatment, 2 years treatment by rifampicin, dapsone and clofazimine (MDT/MB) is necessary. When BI becomes negative and active lesion is lost within 2 years, no maintenance therapy is necessary. When BI is still positive, one year of MDT/MB is added (3 years in total), followed by maintenance therapy by dapsone and clofazimine until BI negativity and loss of active lesions. (B) For MB with BI < 3 or fresh MB (less than 6 months after the onset of the disease) with BI > 3, 1 year treatment by MDT/MB is necessary. When BI becomes negative and active lesion is lost within one year, no maintenance therapy is necessary. When BI is still positive or active lesion is remaining, additional therapy with MDT/MB for one more year is recommended. Brief summary of diagnosis, purpose of therapy, character of drugs, and prevention of deformity is also described.

  18. Examining ERBB2 as a candidate gene for susceptibility to leprosy (Hansen's disease) in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Araújo, Sérgio Ricardo Fernandes; Jamieson, Sarra Elisabeth; Dupnik, Kathryn Margaret; Monteiro, Glória Regina; Nobre, Maurício Lisboa; Dias, Márcia Sousa; Trindade Neto, Pedro Bezerra; Queiroz, Maria do Carmo Palmeira; Gomes, Carlos Eduardo Maia; Blackwell, Jenefer Mary; Jeronimo, Selma Maria Bezerra

    2014-04-01

    Leprosy remains prevalent in Brazil. ErbB2 is a receptor for leprosy bacilli entering Schwann cells, which mediates Mycobacterium leprae-induced demyelination and the ERBB2 gene lies within a leprosy susceptibility locus on chromosome 17q11-q21. To determine whether polymorphisms at the ERBB2 locus contribute to this linkage peak, three haplotype tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tag-SNPs) (rs2517956, rs2952156, rs1058808) were genotyped in 72 families (208 cases; 372 individuals) from the state of Pará (PA). All three tag-SNPs were associated with leprosy per se [best SNP rs2517959 odds ratio (OR) = 2.22; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.37-3.59; p = 0.001]. Lepromatous (LL) (OR = 3.25; 95% CI 1.37-7.70; p = 0.007) and tuberculoid (TT) (OR = 1.79; 95% CI 1.04-3.05; p = 0.034) leprosy both contributed to the association, which is consistent with the previous linkage to chromosome 17q11-q21 in the population from PA and supports the functional role of ErbB2 in disease pathogenesis. To attempt to replicate these findings, six SNPs (rs2517955, rs2517956, rs1810132, rs2952156, rs1801200, rs1058808) were genotyped in a population-based sample of 570 leprosy cases and 370 controls from the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN) and the results were analysed using logistic regression analysis. However, none of the associations were replicated in the RN sample, whether analysed for leprosy per se, LL leprosy, TT leprosy, erythema nodosum leprosum or reversal reaction conditions. The role of polymorphisms at ERBB2 in controlling susceptibility to leprosy in Brazil therefore remains unclear.

  19. Sensory cutaneous nerve fine-needle aspiration in Hansen's disease: A retrospective analysis of our experience.

    PubMed

    Prasoon, Dev; Mandal, Swapan Kumar; Agrawal, Parimal

    2015-01-01

    Leprosy affects peripheral nerves. As Mycobacterium leprae has unique tropism for Schwann cells, thickened sensory cutaneous nerves provide an easy target for the detection of lepra bacilli and other changes associated with the disease. The data of patients with sensory cutaneous nerve involvement were retrieved from our record for the period January 2006 to December 2014. The hematoxylin and eosin (H and E)- and May-Grünwald-Giemsa (MGG)-stained slides were screened for Schwann cells, granuloma, and necrosis. Modified Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN)-stained smears were searched for lepra bacilli and globi. Morphological index was calculated in multibacillary lesions. Twenty-nine sensory cutaneous nerves were aspirated in 23 patients. While 15 cases showed skin and nerve involvement, 8 cases showed only nerve involvement. Terminal cutaneous branch of the radial nerve was most often aspirated. No motor loss was observed after aspiration. Five cytologic pictures were seen - Epithelioid cell granuloma only in 6 cases, epithelioid cell granuloma with necrosis in 1 case, epithelioid cell granuloma with lepra bacilli in 3 cases, necrosis with lepra bacilli in 1 case, and only lepra bacilli in 12 cases. Morphological index ranged from 20% to 80%. Sensory cutaneous nerve fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a feasible, viable, effective, and safe procedure. It adds to diagnostic FNA yield in patients with concomitant skin involvement and offers a way to evaluate patients with only nerve involvement. Calculation of morphological index allows prognostication and may have a role in assessing response to therapy and/or relapse.

  20. Epidermotropism of lepra bacilli in a patient with histoid Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Vora, Rita V; Pilani, Abhishek

    2014-10-01

    Histoid leprosy is a rare form of multibacillary leprosy with distinct clinical and histopathological features. It is a variant of lepromatous leprosy with a very high bacillary load. It appears in patients as relapse after dapsone monotherapy and resistance or rarely, "de novo." Although leprosy is slowly declining the exact mode of transmission is unclear. At least until recently, the most widely held belief was that the disease was transmitted by contact between cases of leprosy and healthy persons. Transmission by the respiratory route is also gaining ground. There are other possibilities such as transmission through insects, which cannot be completely ruled out. However, the present case report possibly suggests the role of skin as a portal of both exit and entry for the bacillus in histoid leprosy transmission. De novo form of histoid leprosy has numerous solid staining bacteria inside the epidermis. The reports show that these bacilli can be eliminated from the intact epidermis, which indicate an unusual role of the skin in the transmission of leprosy.

  1. A taxonomic catalogue of the Dyspnoi Hansen and Sørensen, 1904 (Arachnida: Opiliones).

    PubMed

    Schönhofer, Axel L

    2013-01-01

    An update of the systematics and determination key of the Opiliones suborder Dyspnoi is provided. The included catalogue represents the first comprehensive species and synonymy listing since Roewer (1923). It summarises all taxonomic changes to date and attempts to be a sound basis against the exponential growing number of online errors, for which examples are given. Species taxonomy features most obvious changes within the Nemastomatidae. The number of species in the collective genus Nemastoma is reduced from 96 (Hallan 2005) to its sensu stricto definition of 7, and the excluded names are transferred to other genera or considered as nomina dubia, predominantly in Paranemastoma. The systematics of the superfamily Ischyropsalidoidea is discussed and family-level diagnoses are renewed to support taxonomical changes: The morphological heterogeneity in the Sabaconidae is resolved by reverting the family to its original monogeneric state. Taracus and Hesperonemastoma are separated as Taracidae fam. n., and Crosbycus is tentatively transferred to this assembly. The remaining genera of Ceratolasmatidae, Acuclavella and Ceratolasma, are included as subfamily Ceratolasmatinae in the Ischyropsalididae and Ischyropsalis is assigned subfamily status, respectively. Other nomenclatural acts are restricted to species-group level with the following synonymies established: Sabacon jonesi Goodnight & Goodnight, 1942 syn. n. (=cavicolens (Packard, 1884)), Dicranolasma diomedeum Kulczyński, 1907 syn. n. (=hirtum Loman, 1894), Mitostoma (Mitostoma) sketi Hadži, 1973a syn. n. (=chrysomelas (Hermann, 1804)), Mitostoma asturicum Roewer, 1951 syn. n. (=pyrenaeum (Simon, 1879a)), Nemastoma formosum Roewer, 1951 syn. n. (=Nemastomella bacillifera bacillifera (Simon, 1879a)), Nemastoma reimoseri Roewer, 1951 syn. n. (=Paranemastoma bicuspidatum (C.L. Koch, 1835)), Nemastoma tunetanum Roewer, 1951 syn. n. (=Paranemastoma bureschi (Roewer, 1926)), Phalangium flavimanum C.L. Koch, 1835 syn. n. (=Paranemastoma quadripunctatum (Perty, 1833)), Crosbycus graecus Giltay, 1932 syn. n. (=Paranemastoma simplex (Giltay, 1932)), Nemastoma bimaculosum Roewer 1951 syn. n. (=Paranemastoma titaniacum (Roewer, 1914)), Trogulocratus tunetanus Roewer, 1950 syn. n. (=Calathocratus africanus (Lucas, 1849)), Trogulus albicerus Sø-rensen, 1873 syn. n. (=Calathocratus sinuosus (Sørensen, 1873)), Metopoctea exarata Simon, 1879a syn. n. (=Trogulus aquaticus Simon, 1879a), Trogulus galasensis Avram, 1971 syn. n. (=Trogulus nepaeformis (Scopoli, 1763)) and Trogulus roeweri Avram, 1971 syn. n. (=Trogulus nepaeformis (Scopoli, 1763)). Paranemastoma werneri (Kulczyński, 1903) is elevated from subspecies to species. Ischyropsalis luteipes Simon, 1872b is proposed as nomen protectum, taking precedence over Lhermia spinipes Lucas 1866 nomen oblitum. The same accounts for Anelasmocephalus cambridgei (Westwood, 1874) nomen protectum, taking precedence over Trogulus violaceus Gervais, 1844 nomen oblitum, Trogulus closanicus Avram, 1971 nomen protectum over Trogulus asperatus C.L. Koch, 1839a nomen oblitum, as well as Trogu-lus martensi Chemini, 1983 nomen protectum over Trogulus tuberculatus Canestrini, 1874 nomen oblitum. New combinations, all from Nemastoma, are Histricostoma anatolicum (Roewer, 1962), Mediostoma globuliferum (L. Koch, 1867), Nemastomella hankiewiczii (Kulczyński, 1909), Nemastomella maarebense (Simon, 1913), Nemastomella monchiquense (Kraus, 1961) and Paranemastoma simplex (Giltay, 1932); from Mitostoma: Nemastomella armatissima (Roewer, 1962). Revived combinations are Nemastomella cristinae (Rambla, 1969) (from Nemastoma) and Nemastomella sexmucronatum (Simon, 1911) (from Nemastoma). The following Nemastoma are transferred to Paranemastoma but suggested as nomina dubia: aeginum (Roewer, 1951), amuelleri (Roewer, 1951), bolei (Hadži, 1973a), caporiaccoi (Roewer, 1951), carneluttii (Hadži, 1973a), ferkeri (Roewer, 1951), gigas montenegrinum (Nosek, 1904), gostivarense (Hadži, 1973a), ikarium (Roewer, 1951), quadripunctatum ios (Roewer, 1917), kaestneri (Roewer, 1951), longipalpatum (Roewer, 1951), macedonicum (Hadži, 1973a), multisignatum (Hadži, 1973a), nigrum (Hadži, 1973a), perfugium (Roewer, 1951), santorinum (Roewer, 1951), senussium (Roewer, 1951), sketi (Hadži, 1973a), spinosulum (L. Koch, 1869). Further suggested nomina dubia are Trogulus coreiformis C.L. Koch, 1839a, Trogulus lygaeiformis C.L. Koch, 1839a and Trogulus templetonii Westwood, 1833.

  2. Evaluation of polymerase chain reaction in nerve biopsy specimens of patients with Hansen's disease.

    PubMed

    Tiwari, Vandana; Malhotra, Kiranpreet; Khan, Kainat; Maurya, Pradeep K; Singh, Ajai Kumar; Thacker, Anup Kumar; Husain, Nuzhat; Kulshreshtha, Dinkar

    2017-09-15

    Pure neuritic variety of leprosy (PNL) presents as peripheral neuropathy with absent skin lesions and negative skin smears. Diagnosing PNL is an uphill task as most of these patients have nonspecific changes on nerve biopsy. In such circumstances, additional molecular diagnostic tools like polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has proven to be useful in diagnosing leprosy. The present study was planned to evaluate the role of PCR in nerve biopsy specimens of patients with PNL. Patients attending the neuromuscular clinic from January 2013 to June 2014 with mononeuropathy multiplex underwent detailed diagnostic evaluation to ascertain the cause of neuropathy. Patients where this evaluation failed to establish an etiology underwent a nerve biopsy. Nerve biopsy was done in 52 patients, of which 35 were diagnosed as pure neuritic leprosy. Definite leprosy with positive wade fite staining for lepra bacilli was seen in 13 patients and 22 biopsies revealed a probable leprosy without lepra bacilli being identified. PCR for M. leprae was positive in 22 patients (62%). 12 of the 13 cases with definite leprosy on histopathology were PCR positive while in the AFB negative group, PCR was positive in 10 cases. PCR had a sensitivity of 92.3%, specificity of 54.5%. The positive and negative predictive value of PCR was 54.5% and 92.3% respectively. PCR helps in diagnosing PNL in doubtful cases. A positive PCR increases the sensitivity of detection of M. leprae especially in cases of probable PNL group where AFB cannot be demonstrated on histopathology. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. [Hansen's disease, exclusion and prejudice: life histories of women at Santa Catarina State].

    PubMed

    Martins, Patrícia Vieira; Caponi, Sandra

    2010-06-01

    This article describes historical notes about leprosy, from the discovery of the bacillus to the treatment done today. In this text we try to analyze the perception of some women, former leprosy patients, residents of Santa Teresa Hospital, located in the city of São Pedro de Alcântara, Santa Catarina State, on the stigma, prejudice and exclusion they suffered and still suffer today. We used the oral history of three women for research purposes and we found as a result of this "excluding" treatment over the years, that it built some kind of rejection about the disease. The search and affirmation of the identity of the stigmatized subject has become a constant. The model of social acceptance and the fact of being recognized as different and not discriminated is the main issue.

  4. Orthographic Analogies and Phonological Priming: A Comment on Bowey, Vaughan, and Hansen (1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goswami, Usha

    1999-01-01

    Highlights two problems with examined study: (1) investigation is based on a misunderstanding of Goswami and Bryant's claims about the role of rhyme and analogy in beginning reading; and (2) methodological weaknesses, in particular unintended intra-list priming effects, limit the conclusions that can be drawn from the booklet analogy task. (Author)

  5. [Correction of the Hansen claw hand using direct Zancolli lasso procedures and 2 of its variations].

    PubMed

    Boucher, P; Vandroogenbroeck, J B; Hirzel, C

    1986-01-01

    The procedure of the Zancolli "Lasso" or V direct Zancolli uses a flexor superficialis tendon which after a distal section is turned inside out and is fixed on itself after forming a loop around the proximal pulley of the sheath of the flexor. The mode of distal fixation being the same, the authors also study two different methods which resort either to one tendon for two, three or four fingers, or only to one strip of the flexor tendon for one finger. 45 cases of this kind of operation are reported. In the most important series in which the principle procedure has been used, the results are good in 80% of the mobile claws and average in 70% of the stiffened claws. The cases operated according to the two different methods, less numerous, give approximately the same results. The suggested indications are in favour of the changes in the procedure.

  6. Phosphate uptake in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen wild type and phenotypes exposed to space flight irradiation.

    PubMed Central

    Berry, D; Volz, P A

    1979-01-01

    Rates of phosphate uptake were approximately twice as great for Saccharomyces cerevisiae single-cell phenotypic isolates exposed to space parameters as for the wild-type ground control. Quantitative determination of 32P was performed by liquid scintillation spectrometry utilizing Cerenkov radiation counting techniques. PMID:395899

  7. [Identification of psychosocial problems in patients with Hansen's disease by analysis of computerized resources].

    PubMed

    Helene, L M; Rocha, M T

    1998-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify leprosy patients' psychosocial problems experienced after they were informed about their diagnosis. We focused attention upon concerns and behavioral changes related to their families, friends, jobs and to themselves. Data were obtained by a two opened questions interview and they were analysed with the aid of artificial intelligence techniques. These intelligence tools were used to discover the most frequent words, phrases and concepts existing in the interview reports. The results showed that after being informed about their diagnosis, the majority of the patients referred some concerns and behavioral changes related to their families, friends, jobs and to themselves. The main concerns of the population were related to the disease (transmission, the treatment extension, the possibility of hospitalization, the uncertainty about the cure). These facts induced some of the patients to avoid telling people about the disease they have.

  8. Breaking the Nordic Defense Deadlock

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-01

    11, pp. 117-142. 31. Pertti Suominen, Armeijan silmänä ja korvana—Tiedustelu- päällikkö Raimo Heiskanen (Chief of Intelligence Raimo Heiskanen — As...Sheehan several times and held several high-ranking positions in the Norwegian Armed Forces. 90. Mirva Heiskanen , “Kansliapäällikkö Arto Räty

  9. Evaluation and Monitoring of Mycobacterium leprae Transmission in Household Contacts of Patients with Hansen's Disease in Colombia.

    PubMed

    Romero-Montoya, Marcela; Beltran-Alzate, Juan Camilo; Cardona-Castro, Nora

    2017-01-01

    Leprosy in Colombia is in a stage of post elimination-since 1997, prevalence of the disease is less than 1/10000. However, the incidence of leprosy has remained stable, with 400-500 new cases reported annually, with MB leprosy representing 70% of these case and 10% having grade 2 disability. Thus, leprosy transmission is still occurring, and household contacts (HHCs) of leprosy patients are a population at high risk of contracting and suffering from the effects of the disease during their lifetime. We performed a cross-sectional study with the aim of evaluating leprosy transmission within Family Groups (FGs) from four Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bolívar, Córdoba and Sucre. This study included 159 FGs formed by 543 HHCs; 45 FGs were monitored twice, first in 2003 and again in 2012. Migration, forced displacement by violence, loss of contact with the health center and the lack of an agreement to participate in the second monitoring were the primary reasons not all FGs were tested a second time. In each HHC, a clinical examination was performed, epidemiological data recorded, the bacillary index determined, DNA was isolated for M. leprae detection by nested PCR and IgM anti-phenolic glycolipid-I (PGL-I) titers were inspected. Further, DNA from M. leprae isolates were typed and compared among FGs. Twenty-two (4.1%) of the 543 HHCs had IgM anti-PGL-I positive antibody titers, indicating infection. Nasal swabs (NS) taken from 113 HHCs were tested by RLEP PCR; 18 (16%) were positive for M. leprae DNA and two new leprosy cases were detected among the HHCs. Of the confirmed HHCs with leprosy, it was possible to genotype the bacterial strains from both the index case and their HHCs. We found that the genotype of these two strains agreed at 9 markers, showing the individuals to be infected by the same strain, indicating familiar transmission. HHCs of leprosy patients not only are a high-risk population for M. leprae infection, they can act as M. leprae carriers and therefore serve as sources for transmission and infection. Our results confirm familiar leprosy transmission and suggest that follow-up of HHCs is a good strategy for early diagnosis of leprosy and to monitor its transmission.

  10. Degree of disability, pain levels, muscle strength, and electromyographic function in patients with Hansen's disease with common peroneal nerve damage.

    PubMed

    Véras, Larissa Sales Téles; Vale, Rodrigo Gomesde Souza; Mello, Danielli Braga de; Castro, José Adail Fonseca de; Lima, Vicente; Silva, Kelson Nonato Gomes da; Trott, Alexis; Dantas, Estélio Henrique Martin

    2012-06-01

    This study evaluated the degree of disability, pain levels, muscle strength, and electromyographic function (RMS) in individuals with leprosy. We assessed 29 individuals with leprosy showing common peroneal nerve damage and grade 1 or 2 disability who were referred for physiotherapeutic treatment, as well as a control group of 19 healthy participants without leprosy. All subjects underwent analyses of degree of disability, electromyographic tests, voluntary muscle force, and the Visual Analog Pain Scale. McNemar's test found higher levels of grade 2 of disability (Δ = 75.9%; p = 0.0001) among individuals with leprosy. The Mann-Whitney test showed greater pain levels (Δ = 5.0; p = 0.0001) in patients with leprosy who had less extension strength in the right and left extensor hallucis longus muscles (Δ = 1.28, p = 0.0001; Δ = 1.55, p = 0.0001, respectively) and dorsiflexion of the right and left feet (Δ = 1.24, p = 0.0001; Δ = 1.45, p = 0.0001, respectively) than control subjects. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed that the RMS score for dorsiflexion of the right (Δ = 181.66 m·s-2, p = 0.001) and left (Δ = 102.57m·s-2, p = 0.002) feet was lower in patients with leprosy than in control subjects, but intragroup comparisons showed no difference. Leprosy had a negative influence on all of the study variables, indicating the need for immediate physiotherapeutic intervention in individuals with leprosy. This investigation opens perspectives for future studies that analyze leprosy treatment with physical therapeutic intervention.

  11. Study of 35 Cases of Hansen's Disease, which Required Treatment beyond Fixed Duration--Multi Drug Therapy.

    PubMed

    Jethva, M V; Patel, R M; Marfatia, Y S

    2015-01-01

    Multi Drug Therapy (MDT) is the main weapon against leprosy since its inception in 1981. India achieved the level of elimination (< 1 case/10,000) on 31st December 2005. It has been proved in few studies that despite 2 years of regular therapy 10% of the patients continue to harbour viable persisters. There are many problems related with FD-MDT. Many cases have residual disease activity after completion of treatment. Aims of the present study was to study the profile of RFT cases in leprosy treated with FD-MDT, who required extended MDT, duration between completion of FD -MDT and clinical presentation, Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) status, histopathology and type of leprosy at the time of presentation. A prospective study of 35 RFT (Released FromTreatment) cases with signs of activity were recruited in period betveen May 2007 to November 2001. All cases were diagnosed clinically and investigations were done for AFB smear, histopathological examination and Fite Faraco staining. We found that all the 35 cases, which required extended MDT, age group ranged from 10 to 65 years. Majority (71.4%) had taken previous Multi-Bacillary (MB) treatment for 1 year duration. Eleven (31.42%) of cases came within one year, 17 (48.57%) between one to two years and 7 (20%) cases after two years of stopping FD-MDT. AFB smear was positive in 36.84% of cases in which done. Majority of previously diagnosed MB cases presented as BT/TT in histopathology. Thus there is need to search for reliable prognostic markers for therapeutic purposes.

  12. 76 FR 77247 - Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge and Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ... (Refuges). We completed a thorough analysis of the environmental, social, and economic considerations and... thorough analysis of the environmental, social, and economic considerations, which we included in the final... proposal, developing two trails, and improving interpretive media. To achieve CWT deer recovery...

  13. Vida de leprosa: the testimony of a woman living with Hansen's disease in the Peruvian Amazon, 1947.

    PubMed

    Cueto, Marcos; de la Puente, José Carlos

    2003-01-01

    This is the narrative of a patient made before, during and after being incarcerated in an agricultural colony in the Peruvian Amazon. In a vivid style, it narrates the decay of the body, the stigma and the compulsive segregation, as well as the hope for a better life. It is the perspective of a patient, something that is difficult to find when researching the history of health. The original publication was possible thanks to the German physician Maxime H. Kuczynski-Godard and thanks to the Institute of Social Medicine of the University of San Marcos that was directed by the professor of hygiene Carlos Enrique Paz-Soldán. We have used this publication for this transcription. Kuczynski-Godard was a German medical doctor that arrived in Peru in the mid 1930s and organized valuable activities in the Peruvian jungle as a part of an effort, which eventually failed, of the Peruvian State to colonize, or really to "civilize" the Amazon.

  14. A resolution relative to the death of Clifford Peter Hansen, former United States Senator for the State of Wyoming.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Enzi, Michael B. [R-WY

    2009-10-21

    10/21/2009 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (consideration: CR S10648-10650; text as passed Senate: CR S10650; text of measure as introduced: CR S10644) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  15. 75 FR 49516 - Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge and the Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ... observation and photography, ] and environmental education and interpretation. We will review and update the.... Existing public uses, including hunting, fishing, and wildlife observation and photography, would continue... wildlife observation and photography, study potential wilderness lands, and work with partners to...

  16. A resolution relative to the death of Clifford Peter Hansen, former United States Senator for the State of Wyoming.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Enzi, Michael B. [R-WY

    2009-10-21

    10/21/2009 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  17. Evaluation and Monitoring of Mycobacterium leprae Transmission in Household Contacts of Patients with Hansen's Disease in Colombia

    PubMed Central

    Romero-Montoya, Marcela; Beltran-Alzate, Juan Camilo

    2017-01-01

    Leprosy in Colombia is in a stage of post elimination—since 1997, prevalence of the disease is less than 1/10000. However, the incidence of leprosy has remained stable, with 400–500 new cases reported annually, with MB leprosy representing 70% of these case and 10% having grade 2 disability. Thus, leprosy transmission is still occurring, and household contacts (HHCs) of leprosy patients are a population at high risk of contracting and suffering from the effects of the disease during their lifetime. We performed a cross-sectional study with the aim of evaluating leprosy transmission within Family Groups (FGs) from four Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bolívar, Córdoba and Sucre. This study included 159 FGs formed by 543 HHCs; 45 FGs were monitored twice, first in 2003 and again in 2012. Migration, forced displacement by violence, loss of contact with the health center and the lack of an agreement to participate in the second monitoring were the primary reasons not all FGs were tested a second time. In each HHC, a clinical examination was performed, epidemiological data recorded, the bacillary index determined, DNA was isolated for M. leprae detection by nested PCR and IgM anti-phenolic glycolipid-I (PGL-I) titers were inspected. Further, DNA from M. leprae isolates were typed and compared among FGs. Twenty-two (4.1%) of the 543 HHCs had IgM anti-PGL-I positive antibody titers, indicating infection. Nasal swabs (NS) taken from 113 HHCs were tested by RLEP PCR; 18 (16%) were positive for M. leprae DNA and two new leprosy cases were detected among the HHCs. Of the confirmed HHCs with leprosy, it was possible to genotype the bacterial strains from both the index case and their HHCs. We found that the genotype of these two strains agreed at 9 markers, showing the individuals to be infected by the same strain, indicating familiar transmission. HHCs of leprosy patients not only are a high-risk population for M. leprae infection, they can act as M. leprae carriers and therefore serve as sources for transmission and infection. Our results confirm familiar leprosy transmission and suggest that follow-up of HHCs is a good strategy for early diagnosis of leprosy and to monitor its transmission. PMID:28114411

  18. Health evaluation of Columbian white-tailed deer on Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian white-tailed deer

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Creekmore, Terry E.; Glaser, Linda C.

    1999-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to: (1) gather baseline physiologic data on a subset of the population, (2) evaluate the data to determine the health of the animals sampled, (3) if possible, identify causes of poor health and, ( 4) provide refuge personnel with information that will aid them in managing the population.

  19. A resolution relative to the death of Clifford Peter Hansen, former United States Senator for the State of Wyoming.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Enzi, Michael B. [R-WY

    2009-10-21

    Senate - 10/21/2009 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  20. 42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Beneficiaries § 32.6 Persons... hereinafter prescribed: (1) Persons afflicted with Hansen's disease; and (2) Non-beneficiaries for temporary...). Persons With Hansen's Disease ...

  1. 78 FR 77664 - Defense Policy Board (DPB); Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ..., Washington, DC 20301- 2000. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Ann Hansen, 2000 Defense Pentagon... classified material. Committee's Designated Federal Officer or Point of Contact: Ann Hansen,...

  2. Utility of Bacillary Index in Slit Skin Smears in Correlation with Clinical and Histopathological Alterations in Hansen's Disease: An Attempt to Revive a Simple Useful Procedure.

    PubMed

    Premalatha, P; Renuka, I V; Meghana, A; Devi, S I; Charyulu, Pavk; Sampoorna, G

    2016-01-01

    Leprosy, a relatively common chronic contagious disease having diverse modes of clinical presentation, can mimic a variety of unrelated diseases. For proper and adequate treatment, the diagnosis must be made accurately with subtyping which should be done with the help of bacillary index, histopathological features, and clinical correlation. This is extremely important in patient care as paucibacillary and multibacillary types have different modes of treatment. Our aim is to categorize leprosy into various types based on bacillary index, morphological findings both in slit skin smears, and biopsy along with clinical correlation.

  3. A new genus of Stenetriidae Hansen, 1905 (Asellota: Isopoda: Crustacea) from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia and the southwestern Pacific.

    PubMed

    Bruce, Niel L; Cumming, R L

    2015-04-02

    Onychatrium gen. nov. is described, with five included species: Onychatrium forceps sp. nov., the type species and Onychatrium torosus sp. nov., both from the Great Barrier Reef; Onychatrium entale (Nordenstam, 1946) comb. nov., from Tapateuen (= Tabiteue Island), Gilbert Islands; Onychatrium thomasi (Bolstad & Kensley, 1999) comb. nov., from Madang, Papua New Guinea; and Onychatrium echiurum (Nobili, 1906) comb. nov., and species inquirenda from the Tumaotu Islands, Eastern French Polynesia. The primary distinguishing characters for Onychatrium gen. nov. are a trapezoid pseudosrostrum, the male pereopod 1 with elongate dactylus (4.7-7.3 as long as proximal width), propodus with strongly produced and acute lobe, carpus with a distally acute, flat, ventrally directed process (except O. torosus sp. nov., which has a short and truncate process) and the merus with a distally directed inferodistal lobe. The genus is known only from the southern Pacific, from the Tuamotus (eastern French Polynesia) to the Great Barrier Reef and northern Papua New Guinea.

  4. [The frequency of the appearance of perforating foot ulcers in patients with Hansen's disease as a function of treatment with disulone alone or with polychemotherapy].

    PubMed

    Mane, I; Grauwin, M Y; Cartel, J L

    1995-01-01

    Between 1986 and 1989, in 5 departments of Senegal, 436 new cases of leprosy were detected, of whom 225 were put under dapsone monotherapy and 211 under multidrug therapy (MDT). Of them, 190 could be followed-up during 2 years by means of annual bacteriological and clinical examination, including neurological assessment. In 2 years, the onset of 10 (5.3%) chronic plantar ulcers (CPU) was observed: 4 (4%) among the 99 patients under dapsone monotherapy and 6 (6.6%) among the 91 under MDT (no significant difference). Of the 10 CPU, 3 (2%) appeared among the 149 patients without any disability at detection while 7 (17%) were observed among the 41 others who presented a grade 1 disability at detection (p < 0.01). Of the 6 CPU appeared in the patients under MDT, 5 (22%) were observed among the 23 who presented a grade 1 disability at detection and 1 (1.5%) among the 68 who did not (p < 0.01). This difference was not noted in the patients under dapsone monotherapy. Our results need to be confirmed by other studies including a higher number of patients followed-up during a longer period of time. Nevertheless, they suggest that MDT could prevent the onset of CPU, but only in patients without any disability at detection. Therefore, they reemphasize the importance of early detection of the disease in leprosy control programmes.

  5. Descriptions of two new species of Rhizorhina Hansen, 1892 (Copepoda: Siphonostomatoida: Nicothoidae) parasitic on tanaidacean crustaceans, with a note on their phylogenetic position.

    PubMed

    Kakui, Keiichi

    2016-01-01

    Two new species of nicothoid copepod are described. Rhizorhina ohtsukai n. sp. found on a leptocheliid (Leptochelia sp.) collected at depths of 151-136 m in the North Pacific Ocean is most similar to Rhizorhina aesthetes Boxshall & Harrison, 1988 but can be distinguished by the possession of a narrower body with a rounded anterior end, and in the position of the gonopores. Rhizorhina soyoae n. sp. found on an apseudid (Fageapseudes sp.) collected at depths of 1,595-1,557 m in East China Sea most closely resembles Rhizorhina tanaidaceae Gotto, 1984 but differs in having a narrower body with a rounded anterior end. Partial nucleotide sequences of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene were obtained from the two copepods in order to enable future barcoding. A phylogenetic reconstruction based on the 18S rRNA gene placed the copepods within the Siphonostomatoida Burmeister, 1835, with the nicothoid Choniosphaera maenadis (Bloch & Gallien, 1933), and separate from the Rhizorhina spp. clade, suggesting that the family Nicothoidae Dana, 1849 is not monophyletic. This is the third report of copepods parasitic on tanaidacean crustaceans.

  6. Prime Contractors with Awards Over $25,000 by Name, Location, and Contract Number. Part 4. (Executive Roll Manufacturing-Hansen Engineering & Mchy Co.)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    N )1 1 (a C fCO C~ faOHP (d0I (d- o0 -N 0 c0O P~tl0 C ~ rN C~C0 0 CO a~ CTO ~ 0 C 0 I~ 0 00 00~0’ NO0 0 0 0 0 O- 44O 00 N -)B II - 00 N N O...0 (J<> C> " - I >C - I C tl (3 a, (n 0) tL0 oa ,aa 00 D 0 -t 0 c )u - o aN I Nl o II NCO O - 4 0 . 0 IDttO’c ID C> > 0( o flnN-- L r)mq04o1 (40C05-w...Cl M 0 M 44 P49 "Z g D0 C) 0 to c0 I 0 1 000 W’ 0’l. 0 00 a~ 00 z C I II L) o I 10 0 -- -010 I 4) 4 1 .1 w -Zc C) 0 (C cc (CI00 I L 6 (UC) o4.I 1 ’.31

  7. Reconsolidation of Crushed Salt to 250°C Under Hydrostatic and Shear Stress Conditions Scott Broome, Frank Hansen, and SJ Bauer Sandia National Laboratories, Geomechanics Department

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Broome, S. T.

    2012-12-01

    Design, analysis and performance assessment of potential salt repositories for heat-generating nuclear waste require knowledge of thermal, mechanical, and fluid transport properties of reconsolidating granular salt. Mechanical properties, Bulk (K) and Elastic (E) Moduli and Poisson's ratio (ν) are functions of porosity which decreases as the surrounding salt creeps inward and compresses granular salt within the rooms, drifts or shafts. To inform salt repository evaluations, we have undertaken an experimental program to determine K, E, and ν of reconsolidated granular salt as a function of porosity and temperature and to establish the deformational processes by which the salt reconsolidates. The experiments will be used to populate the database used in the reconsolidation model developed by Callahan (1999) which accounts for the effects of moisture through pressure solution and dislocation creep, with both terms dependent on effective stress to account for the effects of porosity. Mine-run salt from the Waste Isolation Pilot Program (WIPP) was first dried at 105 °C for a few days. Undeformed right-circular cylindrical sample assemblies of unconsolidated granular salt with an initial porosity of ~ 40%, nominally 10 cm in diameter and 17.5 cm in length, are jacketed in lead. Samples are placed in a pressure vessel and kept at test temperatures of 100, 175 or 250 °C; samples are vented to the atmosphere during the entire test procedure. At these test conditions the consolidating salt is always creeping, the creep rate increases with increasing temperature and stress and decreases as porosity decreases. In hydrostatic tests, confining pressure is increased to 20 MPa with periodic unload/reload loops to determine K. Volume strain increases with increasing temperature. In shear tests at 2.5 and 5 MPa confining pressure, after confining pressure is applied, the crushed salt is subjected to a differential stress, with periodic unload/reload loops to determine E and ν. At predetermined differential stress levels the stress is held constant and the salt consolidates. Displacement gages mounted on the samples show little lateral deformation until the samples reach a porosity of ~10%. Interestingly, vapor is vented in tests at 250°C and condenses at the vent port. Release of water is not observed in the lower two test temperatures. It is hypothesized that the water originates from fluid inclusions, which were made accessible by intragranular deformational processes including decrepitation. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  8. Proceedings of the Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (31st, Seoul, Korea, July 8-13, 2007). Volume 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woo, Jeong-Ho, Ed.; Lew, Hee-Chan, Ed.; Park, Kyo-Sik Park, Ed.; Seo, Dong-Yeop, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    This third volume of the 31st annual proceedings of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education conference presents research reports for author surnames beginning Han- through Miy-. Reports include: (1) Elementary Education Students' Memories of Mathematics in Family Context (Markku S. Hannula, Raimo Kaasila, Erkki…

  9. Bile pigments: newcomers to the cell signaling arena.

    PubMed

    Maines, Mahin D

    2003-01-01

    The article highlighted in this issue is "2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-Induced Accumulation of Biliverdin and Hepatic Peliosis in Rats," by Marjo Nittynen, Jouni T. Tuomisto, Seppo Auriola, Raimo Pohjanvirta, Paula Syrjälä, Ulla Simanainen, Matti Viluksela, and Jouko Tuomisto (pp. 112-123).

  10. A Dissent: Migration, Growth Centers, and the Ozarks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuehn, John A.; Bender, Lloyd D.

    1975-01-01

    In reference to 2 recent books by Niles M. Hansen, the article questions Hansen's preemption of definitions, view of migration data, ommission of nonmonetary benefits, and use of an ambiguous index for ranking migration centers. (NQ)

  11. 42 CFR 32.89 - Discharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.89 Discharge. Patients with Hansen's disease will be discharged when, in the opinion of the medical staff...

  12. 42 CFR 32.89 - Discharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.89 Discharge. Patients with Hansen's disease will be discharged when, in the opinion of the medical staff...

  13. 42 CFR 32.89 - Discharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.89 Discharge. Patients with Hansen's disease will be discharged when, in the opinion of the medical staff...

  14. "The Connoisseur of Pain: A Novel", and "A New and Sharper Vision": Sensuous Aesthetics as Theological Immersion in Terrence Malick's "The Tree of Life", Thomas Kinkade's Landscapes, and Ron Hansen's "Mariette in Ecstasy"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busk, Michael Reid

    2013-01-01

    Creative Dissertation: "The Connoisseur of Pain" is a comic noir set in Hollywood in 1962, and its central conceit is that cartoons are real, live-action films starring anthropomorphic animals that cartoonists later replicate frame by frame in order to make the violent content palatable to children. The book's protagonist and narrator is…

  15. BAGER P, Vinkel Hansen A, Wohlfahrt J, Melbye M, et al. Helminth infection does not reduce risk for chronic inflammatory disease in a population-based cohort study. Gastroenterology. 2012;142:55-62

    PubMed Central

    Weinstock, Joel V.

    2013-01-01

    Summary Childhood infections with some helminths have been reported to reduce the risk of acquiring some immune-mediated diseases like sensitization to allergens, asthma and inflammatory bowel disease. Denmark keeps a medical registry that collects data on disease prevalence and medication use throughout the country. Mebendazole frequently is used to treat pinworm (Enterobius vermicularis) infection. In this population-based analysis of a cohort of 924,749 children, prescriptions for Mebendazole were used as a surrogate marker for pinworm infection. Children who received this medication were compared to children who did not, for the frequency of asthma, type I diabetes, juvenile arthritis, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. It was found that Mebendazole use, and by inference pinworm infection, did not appear to reduce the risk for acquiring any of these immune-mediated diseases. PMID:23429450

  16. "The Connoisseur of Pain: A Novel", and "A New and Sharper Vision": Sensuous Aesthetics as Theological Immersion in Terrence Malick's "The Tree of Life", Thomas Kinkade's Landscapes, and Ron Hansen's "Mariette in Ecstasy"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busk, Michael Reid

    2013-01-01

    Creative Dissertation: "The Connoisseur of Pain" is a comic noir set in Hollywood in 1962, and its central conceit is that cartoons are real, live-action films starring anthropomorphic animals that cartoonists later replicate frame by frame in order to make the violent content palatable to children. The book's protagonist and narrator is…

  17. A Multi-Objective Decision-Making Model for Resources Allocation in Humanitarian Relief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    Ration Planning Appropriate Acceptability Food Quality/Safety Food Handling Supply Chain Management Distribution Food Security...relevant input and output variables, suitable objectives may become obvious. • Casual empiricism : objectives may be generated by observing people who are...attributes scales. (Keeney 1992; Kirkwood 1997; Raimo et al. 2002) • Natural vs Constructed: Natural attributes can be measured in natural scale (i.e

  18. Identifying the Cost of Non-monetary Incentives (ICONIC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    Cylke, Heidi W. Golding, Michael L. Hansen, Thomas Husted . Compensation Strategy for the Future Force. Center for Naval Analyses, September 2000. 2...1972): 443-453. 22 Martha E. Koopman, Steve Cylke, Heidi W. Golding, Michael L. Hansen, Thomas Husted . Compensation Strategy for the Future Force...Martha E. Koopman, Steve Cylke, Heidi W. Golding, Michael L. Hansen, Thomas Husted . Compensation Strategy for the Future Force. Center for Naval

  19. Sociodemographic and epidemiological profile of leprosy patients in an endemic region in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Martins, Ronald Jefferson; Carloni, Maria Emília Oliveira Gomes; Moimaz, Suzely Adas Saliba; Garbin, Cléa Adas Saliba; Garbin, Artênio José Ísper

    2016-01-01

    The incidence of Hansen's disease is high in overlooked populations. Data of Hansen's disease cases reported in the information system of the Department of Informatics, Brazilian Unified Health System, from 2013 to 2014 were analyzed. Among 434 studied cases of Hansen's disease, the female sex (52.5%), adult age (73.7%), low educational level (61.8%), and multibacillary form were associated with higher prevalence rates. Hansen's disease is more frequent among female adults with a low educational level, and the prevalence of multibacillary leprosy reflects disease detection at late stages.

  20. History of Crested Wheatgrass (Agropyron) in North America

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Crested wheatgrass is indigenous to the Steppe region of European Russia and southwestern Siberia. It was first introduced into North America in 1892, by N. E. Hansen of the South Dakota Experiment Station. Dr. Hansen obtained five accessions, designated Pls 835, 837, 838, 1010, and 1012, from Val...

  1. Neural Computation as a Tool to Differentiate Perceptual from Emotional Processes: The Case of Anger Superiority Effect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mermillod, Martial; Vermeulen, Nicolas; Lundqvist, Daniel; Niedenthal, Paula M.

    2009-01-01

    Research findings in social and cognitive psychology imply that it is easier to detect angry faces than happy faces in a crowd of neutral faces [Hansen, C. H., & Hansen, R. D. (1988). Finding the face in the crowd--An anger superiority effect. "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology," 54(6), 917-924]. This phenomenon has been held to have…

  2. Neural Computation as a Tool to Differentiate Perceptual from Emotional Processes: The Case of Anger Superiority Effect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mermillod, Martial; Vermeulen, Nicolas; Lundqvist, Daniel; Niedenthal, Paula M.

    2009-01-01

    Research findings in social and cognitive psychology imply that it is easier to detect angry faces than happy faces in a crowd of neutral faces [Hansen, C. H., & Hansen, R. D. (1988). Finding the face in the crowd--An anger superiority effect. "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology," 54(6), 917-924]. This phenomenon has been held to have…

  3. 42 CFR 32.89 - Discharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Discharge. 32.89 Section 32.89 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.89...

  4. 42 CFR 32.89 - Discharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Discharge. 32.89 Section 32.89 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.89...

  5. Humanities and Science: A Necessary Unity for the Counseling Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guterman, Jeffrey T.; Martin, Clayton V.; Kopp, David M.

    2012-01-01

    This article is a reply to Hansen's (2012) call for the counseling profession to embrace a purely humanistic ideology for counseling. The authors suggest the relationship between humanities and science set forth by Hansen does not emphasize the both-and aspects of these ideologies. An integrative framework is considered for counseling.

  6. Birth of a Canon: The Historiography of Early Republican Educational Thought. Historiographical Essay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moroney, Siobhan

    1999-01-01

    Focuses on Allen O. Hansen's "Liberalism and American Education in the Eighteenth Century" and Frederick Rudolph's "Essays on Education in the Early Republic." Explores the influence of Hansen and Rudolph on other works of educational thought. Contends that a more accurate picture of the early republic is needed. (CMK)

  7. Among School Teachers: Bearing Witness as an Orientation in Educational Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, David T.

    2017-01-01

    In this writing, David Hansen illuminates the aesthetic, moral, and epistemic meaning of bearing witness to teaching and teachers by drawing upon a recently completed field-based endeavor that included extensive school visits. Hansen shows how bearing witness can bring the inquirer close to the truth of teaching. However, the witness must…

  8. Biodegradation of Guanidinium By Aquatic Microorganisms.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-12-01

    almost 300 ( malathion ) times higher than the upper value of the estimate.2 1 ,2 5 From the estimated yields and kinetic data for Hansen Creek...6 Most Probable Number Estimations ......................................... 8 Kinetics of...16 4. Kinetic Parameters for Hansen Creek Enrichment Microorganisms ........... 18 5. Most Probable Numbers (MPN) of Guanidinium Degrading

  9. Among School Teachers: Bearing Witness as an Orientation in Educational Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, David T.

    2017-01-01

    In this writing, David Hansen illuminates the aesthetic, moral, and epistemic meaning of bearing witness to teaching and teachers by drawing upon a recently completed field-based endeavor that included extensive school visits. Hansen shows how bearing witness can bring the inquirer close to the truth of teaching. However, the witness must…

  10. 38 CFR 3.552 - Adjustment of allowance for aid and attendance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... extremities together with loss of anal and bladder sphincter control, or Hansen's disease, except where... the provisions of § 3.551 (except where the disabling condition is Hansen's disease) . (3) Additional... readmission 6 months or more after such discharge or release will be considered as a new admission....

  11. 38 CFR 3.552 - Adjustment of allowance for aid and attendance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... extremities together with loss of anal and bladder sphincter control, or Hansen's disease, except where... the provisions of § 3.551 (except where the disabling condition is Hansen's disease) . (3) Additional... readmission 6 months or more after such discharge or release will be considered as a new admission....

  12. 77 FR 12039 - Advisory Council on Dependents' Education; Open Meeting Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ....dodea.edu . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Purpose of the Meeting: Recommend to the Director, DoDEA, general... North Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA 22203 or Joel.Hansen@hq.dodea.edu . Special Accommodations....Hansen@hq.dodea.edu . Statements being submitted in response to the agendas mentioned in this notice...

  13. Convergence of Personality and Interests: Meta-Analysis of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire and the Strong Interest Inventory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staggs, Gena D.; Larson, Lisa M.; Borgen, Fred H.

    2007-01-01

    Using meta-analysis, we revised Ackerman and Heggestad's (1997) identification of four trait complexes that propose personality and interest (P-I) linkages. Studies that had reported correlations between general and specific measures of vocational interests (Strong Interest Inventory [Strong; Hansen & Campbell, 1985; Harmon, Hansen, Borgen,…

  14. Developing Conceptual Understanding of Fractions with Year Five and Six Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Judith

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents findings from classroom observations of one teacher (Beth). It focusses on the development of conceptual understanding of fractions with her students, articulated in Kieren's sub-constructs (Kieren, 1980,1988), and Hansen's progressions (Hansen, 2005). The study covers three lessons within a six week unit. Findings from this…

  15. Humanities and Science: A Necessary Unity for the Counseling Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guterman, Jeffrey T.; Martin, Clayton V.; Kopp, David M.

    2012-01-01

    This article is a reply to Hansen's (2012) call for the counseling profession to embrace a purely humanistic ideology for counseling. The authors suggest the relationship between humanities and science set forth by Hansen does not emphasize the both-and aspects of these ideologies. An integrative framework is considered for counseling.

  16. 42 CFR 32.90 - Notification to health authorities regarding discharged patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... discharged patients. 32.90 Section 32.90 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.90 Notification to health authorities regarding...

  17. 42 CFR 32.90 - Notification to health authorities regarding discharged patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... discharged patients. 32.90 Section 32.90 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.90 Notification to health authorities regarding...

  18. 42 CFR 32.90 - Notification to health authorities regarding discharged patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... discharged patients. 32.90 Section 32.90 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.90 Notification to health authorities regarding...

  19. Yeasts: What's in a name? A brief reconnaissance and sampling of literature

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Scientific names (including authors) are provided for certain yeasts used by vintners and brewers: Saccharomyces cerevisiae Meyen ex E.C. Hansen, Saccharomyces bayanus var. uvarum (Beij.) G.I. Naumov (synonym Saccharomyces uvarum Beij.), Saccharomyces pastorianus Reess ex E.C. Hansen (synonym Saccha...

  20. Multicomponent solubility parameters for single-walled carbon nanotube-solvent mixtures.

    PubMed

    Bergin, Shane D; Sun, Zhenyu; Rickard, David; Streich, Philip V; Hamilton, James P; Coleman, Jonathan N

    2009-08-25

    We have measured the dispersibility of single-walled carbon nanotubes in a range of solvents, observing values as high as 3.5 mg/mL. By plotting the nanotube dispersibility as a function of the Hansen solubility parameters of the solvents, we have confirmed that successful solvents occupy a well-defined range of Hansen parameter space. The level of dispersibility is more sensitive to the dispersive Hansen parameter than the polar or H-bonding Hansen parameter. We estimate the dispersion, polar, and hydrogen bonding Hansen parameter for the nanotubes to be = 17.8 MPa(1/2), = 7.5 MPa(1/2), and = 7.6 MPa(1/2). We find that the nanotube dispersibility in good solvents decays smoothly with the distance in Hansen space from solvent to nanotube solubility parameters. Finally, we propose that neither Hildebrand nor Hansen solubility parameters are fundamental quantities when it comes to nanotube-solvent interactions. We show that the previously calculated dependence of nanotube Hildebrand parameter on nanotube diameter can be reproduced by deriving a simple expression based on the nanotube surface energy. We show that solubility parameters based on surface energy give equivalent results to Hansen solubility parameters. However, we note that, contrary to solubility theory, a number of nonsolvents for nanotubes have both Hansen and surface energy solubility parameters similar to those calculated for nanotubes. The nature of the distinction between solvents and nonsolvents remains to be fully understood.

  1. Cost-Benefit Analysis for Using Laser Fluorosensor for Detecting Heavy Oil

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-11-01

    point of contact is Kurt Hansen, (860) 441-2865, email: Kurt.A.Hansen@uscg.mil. 16. Abstract (MAXIMUM 200 WORDS) This report describes the...thanks LT Joshua Fant, Mr. Kurt Hansen, Ms. Meaghann Terrien, LCDR Michael Sams, and Mr. Mark VanHaverbeke for their reviews and guidance as the study...likely have been $19M–$23M ($21.3M –$25.8M in 2006 dollars). See Etkin, D.S., D. French-McCay, and J . Rowe, 2006; Etkin, D.S., and D. French-McCay, 2006

  2. Lipid Class, Carotenoid, and Toxin Dynamics of Karenia Brevis (Dinophyceae) During Diel Vertical Migration

    EPA Science Inventory

    Karenia brevis’ (Hansen and Moestrup) internal lipid, carotenoid, and toxin concentrations are influenced by its ability to use ambient light and nutrients for growth and reproduction. This project investigated changes of K. brevis toxicity, lipid class and carotenoid concentrat...

  3. HiRISE Observations of Dynamical Phenomena on Mars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, Candice; Thomas, Nicolas; McEwen, Alfred

    Candice Hansen, candice.j.hansen@jpl.nasa.gov Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States Candice Hansen, candice.j.hansen@jpl.nasa.gov Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States Nicolas Thomas, nicolas.thomas@space.unibe.ch University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland Alfred McEwen, mcewen@pirl.lpl.arizona.edu Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, Tucson, Arizona, United States The HiRISE Team Alan Delamere Eric Eliason John Grant Virginia Gulick Kenneth Herkenhoff Laszlo Keszthelyi Randolph Kirk Michael Mellon Steven Squyres Cathy Weitz Chris Okubo Shane Byrne Patrick Russell The presentation will provide a review of recent observations by the HiRISE imaging system onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Emphasis will be placed on dynamical phenomena such as avalanches, dune motion, and jet activity at the poles.

  4. 75 FR 50777 - Minidoka Dam Spillway Replacement, Minidoka County, ID

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-17

    ... Snake River about 18 miles northeast from the city of Burley, ID within the Minidoka Wildlife Refuge... Road, Boise, ID. Bureau of Reclamation, Upper Snake Field Office, 1359 Hansen Avenue, Burley, ID...

  5. 75 FR 4622 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    .... Bauer, Michael P. Berger, William D. Blosch, Michael Bohlen, Bradley N. Brown, Victor M. Brunner, Tom L..., Eugene G. Friedman, Edward L. Gilbert, Donald W. Hansen, Joseph S. Hernandez, Corrine J. Hoffman,...

  6. jsc2013e030874

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2013-05-10

    PHOTO DATE: 10 MAY 2013 LOCATION: Neutral Buoyancy Lab - Underwater SUBJECT: NBL EVA dive with Terry Virts and Samantha Cristoforetti in support of ISS ammonia leak trouble-shooting. PHOTOGRAPHER: NBL/Bill Brassard/Kelly Rives/Lauren Hansen

  7. jsc2013e030876

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2013-05-10

    PHOTO DATE: 10 MAY 2013 LOCATION: Neutral Buoyancy Lab - Underwater SUBJECT: NBL EVA dive with Terry Virts and Samantha Cristoforetti in support of ISS ammonia leak trouble-shooting. PHOTOGRAPHER: NBL/Bill Brassard/Kelly Rives/Lauren Hansen

  8. jsc2013e030873

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2013-05-10

    PHOTO DATE: 10 MAY 2013 LOCATION: Neutral Buoyancy Lab - Underwater SUBJECT: NBL EVA dive with Terry Virts and Samantha Cristoforetti in support of ISS ammonia leak trouble-shooting. PHOTOGRAPHER: NBL/Bill Brassard/Kelly Rives/Lauren Hansen

  9. Sting Supported Bell XS-2 in the 9 Inch Supersonic Tunnel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1947-01-01

    A sting supported model of the Bell XS-2 was tested in the 9 Inch Supersonic Tunnel. Photograph published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen. Page 316.

  10. Operation IceBridge Field Update On a Day Off

    NASA Image and Video Library

    On a day off from flights in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, science writer Kathryn Hansen and video producer Jefferson Beck give an update on Operation IceBridge from the field. They interviewed NASA en...

  11. Chapter 16 - Impacts of Swiss needle cast in the Cascade mountains of northern Oregon: Monitoring of permanent plots after 10 years (Project WC-EM-B-11-01)

    Treesearch

    Gregory M. Filip; Alan Kanaskie; Will R. Littke; John Browning; Kristen L. Chadwick; David C. Shaw; Robin L. Mulvey

    2014-01-01

    Swiss needle cast (SNC), caused by the fungus Phaeocryptopus gaeumannii, is one of the most damaging diseases of coast Douglasfir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii) in the Pacific Northwest (Hansen and others 2000, Mainwaring and others 2005, Shaw and others 2011).

  12. Lipid Class, Carotenoid, and Toxin Dynamics of Karenia Brevis (Dinophyceae) During Diel Vertical Migration

    EPA Science Inventory

    Karenia brevis’ (Hansen and Moestrup) internal lipid, carotenoid, and toxin concentrations are influenced by its ability to use ambient light and nutrients for growth and reproduction. This project investigated changes of K. brevis toxicity, lipid class and carotenoid concentrat...

  13. Twelve Foot Subsatellite

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1958-04-25

    Engineer and 12 foot Beacon showing NACA emblem on inflated satelloon . For related information see, Spaceflight Revolution, NASA from Sputnik to Apollo, by James R. Hansen. NASA SP-4308, 1995. p. 173.

  14. Genetic Variation Within and Among Collections of Falata Alfalfas

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Yellow-flowered alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. falcata) persists in low precipitation rangeland and grassland environments. The origin of Medicago includes Russia, Mongolia, Scandinavia, and China (Hansen, 1909; Lesins and Lesins, 1979). The presence of legumes improves rangelands and grasslands ...

  15. 78 FR 77549 - Revise Notice of Intent for an Environmental Impact Statement: State Route (SR) 95 Realignment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ... and to broadly evaluate a range of potential environmental impacts and mitigation approaches in Tier 1..., and required mitigation and commitments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alan Hansen, Team Leader...

  16. Genetics Home Reference: pachyonychia congenita

    MedlinePlus

    ... Pachyonychia Congenita McLean WH, Hansen CD, Eliason MJ, Smith FJ. The phenotypic and molecular genetic features of ... 10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.6448. Citation on PubMed Smith FJ, Liao H, Cassidy AJ, Stewart A, Hamill ...

  17. Algorithms for Blackbox Optimization using Surrogate Function

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-01

    Le Digabel. Globalization strategies for mesh adaptive direct search. Les Cahiers du GERAD G-2008-74, GERAD, November 2008. 4. C. Audet, A...Guillou, P. Hansen, S. Perron, and F. Messine. The small hexagon and heptagon with maximum sum of distances between vertices. Technical Report Les Cahiers ...directions. Technical Report Les Cahiers du GERAD G-2008-15, 2008. 6. C. Audet, P. Hansen, and S. Perron. Remarks on solutions to a non- convex

  18. Does the Current 20th Century Navy Personnel Management System Meet 21st Century Sailors’ Needs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-04-01

    Hansen, Michael L., and Jennie W. Wenger 2002 Center for Naval Analyses, CRM D0005644.A2 Pay elasticity in different models describe the...requirements determination which placed manpower flow modeling in a preeminent position. Under the direction of Admiral James Hogg , head of the Navy’s...Source: Michael L. Hansen and Jennie W. Wenger, Why Do Pay Elasticity Estimates Differ? (Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, CRM

  19. Funding War with Supplemental Appropriations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-27

    attempt to “call the president’s bluff on fiscal responsibility” and bring troops home from Iraq.35 The “financial burden” of operations in Iraq and...mention about the assertion of the sufficiency of funds, professors William C. Banks and Peter Raven -Hansen do affirm that President Johnson used the...South Vietnam.” See William C. Banks and Peter Raven -Hansen, National Security Law and the Power of the Purse (New York: Oxford University Press, Inc

  20. Leprosy in the 21st Century

    PubMed Central

    Franco-Paredes, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    SUMMARY Despite significant improvements in leprosy (Hansen's disease) treatment and outlook for patients since the introduction of multidrug therapy (MDT) 3 decades ago, the global incidence remains high, and patients often have long-term complications associated with the disease. In this article, we discuss recent findings related to genetics, susceptibility, and disease reservoirs and the implications of these findings for Hansen's disease control and health outcomes for patients. We describe the continued difficulties associated with treatment of inflammatory episodes known as “leprosy reactions,” which cause much of the disability associated with the disease and can affect people for many years after MDT is complete. We also discuss some of the contemporary challenges for physicians and patients, including international and internal migration of people affected by the disease. We suggest some important areas of focus for future Hansen's disease research. PMID:25567223

  1. Nailfold capillaroscopy in leprosy.

    PubMed

    Lima, Adma Silva de; Pizzol, Vanessa Irusta Dal; Fritsch, Scheila; Fonseca, Gabriela Poglia; Mulinari-Brenner, Fabiane Andrade; Muller, Carolina de Souza; Ottoboni, Vanessa Cristhine Dalombo

    2016-01-01

    Due to mounting evidences of interaction between Hansen's bacilli with endothelial cells and the paucity of studies addressing the presence of nailfold capillaroscopic alterations in patients with Hansen's disease, a study was carried out in order to verify the presence of capillaroscopic alterations in patients with leprosy in its various forms and its correlation with clinical parameters. Ten patients were evaluated at a specialized university service. Sixty percent of those had some capillaroscopic change, such as micro-hemorrhages, ectatic, bushy and corkscrew capillaries. Such changes were unspecific, which suggests there is not a specific pattern for this disease.

  2. [Peculiar history to formation of 'Freely recuperate zone' in the National Sanatorium Kuryu Rakusen-en, Gunma, Japan (relation between the 'Old Yunosawa-ward' and 'Freely recuperate zone' in the National Sanatorium Kuryu Rakusen-en)].

    PubMed

    Kitahara, Makoto

    2011-09-01

    Hansen's disease sufferers had been visiting the hot spring, Kusatsu-Spa, in Gunma, Japan, for Toji (which means 'hot springs treatment' in Japanese) since the middle ages, as it was known reportedly for a long time to be effective in curing the disease. In 1869, Kusatsu-Spa was hit by a massive fire. The innkeepers, who suffered devastating damages, were trying to reconstruct the economy quickly by promoting the medical benefits of the hot spring. This made many Hansen's disease patients to visit and of which many stayed on a long term bases. They would use the hot spring with ordinary visitors. And, they had received the treatment of the spotted moxa cautery with the hot-spring treatment. Later on, Kusatsu- Spa became well known throughout Japan and as the numbers of ordinary visitors increased, they voiced their concerns in sharing the hot spring with the Hansen's disease patients. Therefore, the innkeepers decided to move the patients to another district called Yunosawa and suggested to make a special village of just the patients. In 1887, the representative of the patients came to an agreement with the mayor of Yunosawa to establish a treatment centre there. Yunosawa became part of an administrative area of Kusatsu Town. The area seemed to become a local-governing area mainly shaped by Hansen's disease sufferers and the first legal residential area where Hansen's disease sufferers were given citizenships and may convalesce freely. However, in 1931, leprosy prevention law was passed, and the Japanese government built a new medical treatment centre of Hansen's disease, 4km away from Kusatsu- Spa, which is called National Sanatorium Kuryu Rakusen-en. After deliberations with the representative of the Hansen's disease patients living in the Yunosawa area and the governor of Gunma Prefecture, who received the order from the Japanese government to move them, had agreed to the mass relocation in 1941. This is how Yunosawa had closed its 55 years history and many

  3. Echo 30" Sub Satellite

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-09-07

    James Hansen describes the work on Project Echo s air density experiment known as the Sub-Satellite. Before launch engineers subjected the sub-satellite to many tests. Here, the sub-satellite is shown prior to tests to determine the capacity of the 30-inch Sub-Satellite to withstand the high temperature of direct sunlight in space, Langley researchers subjected it to 450 F heat test. Results indicated that the aluminum-covered Mylar plastic would effectively reflect the dangerous heat. -- Published in James R. Hansen, Spaceflight Revolution: NASA Langley Research Center From Sputnik to Apollo, NASA SP-4308, p. 168.

  4. Nailfold capillaroscopy in leprosy*

    PubMed Central

    de Lima, Adma Silva; Pizzol, Vanessa Irusta dal; Fritsch, Scheila; Fonseca, Gabriela Poglia; Mulinari-Brenner, Fabiane Andrade; Muller, Carolina de Souza; Ottoboni, Vanessa Cristhine Dalombo

    2016-01-01

    Due to mounting evidences of interaction between Hansen's bacilli with endothelial cells and the paucity of studies addressing the presence of nailfold capillaroscopic alterations in patients with Hansen's disease, a study was carried out in order to verify the presence of capillaroscopic alterations in patients with leprosy in its various forms and its correlation with clinical parameters. Ten patients were evaluated at a specialized university service. Sixty percent of those had some capillaroscopic change, such as micro-hemorrhages, ectatic, bushy and corkscrew capillaries. Such changes were unspecific, which suggests there is not a specific pattern for this disease. PMID:27828654

  5. Carville and Curupaiti: experiences of confinement and community.

    PubMed

    White, Cassandra

    2003-01-01

    Although Hansen's disease (leprosy) is still a significant problem in many parts of the world, the effectiveness of multidrug therapy has allowed people affected by this disease to be treated on an outpatient basis. However, throughout much of the twentieth century, people diagnosed with Hansen's disease were isolated from their families in facilities known as "leprosaria". This article presents a brief history of isolation policies and the development of community structures at two such facilities, Carville and Curupaiti, in the United States and Brazil, respectively. The modern dilemmas faced by the administration, staff, and residents of these institutions will also be discussed.

  6. Focus: A Forum on Teaching and Learning in Utah Community and Technical Colleges, Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Don A., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    A series of articles is presented on teaching and learning in Utah community and technical colleges. After an editorial comment by J. Marvin Higbee on the goals and purposes of the Utah Association of Community Colleges, V. Lowell Hansen discusses the role of the technical instructor in the information society of the 1980's. Next, Ace G.…

  7. When Talent Is Not Enough: Why Technologically Talented Women Are Not Studying Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Autio, Ossi

    2013-01-01

    This article builds on two earlier studies. The first one defined and assessed technological competence among adolescents (Autio & Hansen, 2002). The second, traced three students who had achieved the best results in a measurement of technological competence given 15 years ago (Autio, 2011). This study showed that, in terms of technological…

  8. Curtis Racer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    James H. Doolittle, the NACA's last chairman, visited Langley in February 1928 in his Curtiss Racer, the plane in which he won the 1925 Schneider Trophy Race. Photograph published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen (page 403).

  9. Accelerated Program in Elementary-School Mathematics--The Fourth Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suppes, Patrick; Ihrke, Constance

    Reported is the description of the fourth year (1966-67) of a longitudinal study of the accelerated program involving 30 bright students in elementary school mathematics. This report was written to be as homogeneous as possible with earlier reports by Suppes and Hansen (1965), Suppes (1966), and Suppes and Ihrke (1967). Tables and figures in this…

  10. Ecophysiological Response of Managed Loblolly Pine to Changes in Stand Environment

    Treesearch

    Mary A. Sword; Jim L. Chambers; Dennis A. Gravatt; James D. Haywood; James P. Barnett

    1998-01-01

    Anticipated shifts in our global climate may expose southern pine ecosystems to such environmental stimuli as elevated carbon dioxide and water and nutrient deficiencies (Hansen et al., 1988; Kirschbaum et al., 1990; Peters, 1990). Global climate change may also increase the degree of stress to which trees are presently exposed (Kirschbaum et al., 1990; Peters, 1990)....

  11. Oxygen Transport to Human Tissues.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    Respiration and CSF Acid-Base Balance John W. Severinghaus As my part of this delightful festival honoring Ulrich Luft. I plan to summarize the role of high...Tobias, M.C. and Drasdo. H.. eds. Woodstock . N.Y.: Overlook Press. pp. 117-124. Formand, S.A., Lansdowne, M.. Follansbee, J.N., and Hansen. J.E. 1968

  12. Becoming Educultural: Collaborative Projects in the Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macdonald, Dianne

    2010-01-01

    Manurewa Intermediate students were given an experience only the arts can provide as they collaboratively researched, responded to and celebrated a school mural project. The mural project was initiated by Shane Hansen through the Principal Iain Taylor and coordinated by Dianne Macdonald, a Professional Learning Leader at Manurewa Intermediate…

  13. Comments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, John L.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Comments on preceding articles include "Studies of the Hexagonal Model" (Holland, Gottfredson); "Structure of Occupations" (Dawis); "Is Holland's Theory Worthy of So Much Attention?" (Schwartz); "Does Enough Evidence Exist to Modify Holland's Theory?" (Hansen); "Research and Application Using Holland's…

  14. Effects of climate change on forest insect and disease outbreaks

    Treesearch

    David W. Williams; Robert P. Long; Philip M. Wargo; Andrew M. Liebhold

    2000-01-01

    General circulation models (GCMs) predict dramatic future changes in climate for the northeastern and north central United States under doubled carbon dioxide (CO2) levels (Hansen et al., 1984; Manabe and Wetherald, 1987; Wilson and Mitchell, 1987; Cubasch and Cess, 1990; Mitchell et al., 1990). January temperatures are projected to rise as much...

  15. Language Survey. Work Papers of SIL-AAB, Series B, Volume 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Joyce, Ed.; Pym, N., Ed.

    Reports on three surveys of Australian Aboriginal language use, undertaken to determine the language groups' needs for translation and literacy projects, are presented. "Communicability of Some Western Desert Communilects" by K. C. Hansen evaluates mutual intelligibility between languages and dialects in that region, and addresses the complicating…

  16. The United States Air Force Academy: a Bibliography 1972-1982

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    Barry M. Goldwater 1979- Sen. Robert P. Griffin 1975 Rev. Frank R. Haig 1972-73 Sen. Clifford P. Hansen 1976-77 Sen. Gary W. Hart 1975- Sen. Floyd...Robinson 1975- Mr. Stiliman D. Rogers 1974-76 Mr. Henry B. Sayler 1982 Hon. Gordon H. Scherer 1972-74 Rep. Patricia Schroeder 1977-79 Lt. Gen. Brent

  17. 77 FR 35368 - Inside Passage Electric Cooperative; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-13

    ... Bay, AK 99821, (907) 789-3196, pbibb@ak.net . i. FERC Contact: Ryan Hansen, 888 1st St. NE.../efiling.asp . Commenters can submit brief comments up to 6,000 characters, without prior registration, using the eComment system at http://www.ferc.gov/docs-filing/ecomment.asp . You must include your name...

  18. 42 CFR 32.88 - Examinations and treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Examinations and treatment. 32.88 Section 32.88... Hansen's Disease § 32.88 Examinations and treatment. Patients will be provided necessary clinical examinations which may be required for the diagnosis of primary or secondary conditions, and such treatment...

  19. Each Belongs: The Remarkable Story of the First School System to Move to Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Jim

    2012-01-01

    The Hamilton-Wentworth Catholic District School Board has just celebrated 30 Years of Fully Inclusive Education for All. Their mission statement: "EACH BELONGS". This remarkable book by Jim Hansen collects the history--including an extensive collection of documents and letters from teachers and families--that tell the stories of the…

  20. 75 FR 9877 - Notice of Petitions by Firms for Determination of Eligibility To Apply for Trade Adjustment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-04

    .../23/2010 Moulds for the glass industry and machines Latrobe, PA 15650. metal parts for the defense, energy and mining industries. A Forbes Company, Inc 1035 Harper Avenue, 2/24/2010 The firm produces... floors and walls. Carpet, vinyl and 64064. wood. R.E. Hansen Industries, Inc.... 22 Research Way, East...

  1. Extending the Principles of Intensive Writing to Large Macroeconomics Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Docherty, Peter; Tse, Harry; Forman, Ross; McKenzie, Jo

    2010-01-01

    The authors report on the design and implementation of a pilot program to extend the principles of intensive writing outlined by W. Lee Hansen (1998), Murray S. Simpson and Shireen E. Carroll (1999) and David Carless (2006) to large macroeconomics classes. The key aspect of this program was its collaborative nature, with staff from two specialist…

  2. Jackknife Estimation of Sampling Variance of Ratio Estimators in Complex Samples: Bias and the Coefficient of Variation. Research Report. ETS RR-06-19

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oranje, Andreas

    2006-01-01

    A multitude of methods has been proposed to estimate the sampling variance of ratio estimates in complex samples (Wolter, 1985). Hansen and Tepping (1985) studied some of those variance estimators and found that a high coefficient of variation (CV) of the denominator of a ratio estimate is indicative of a biased estimate of the standard error of a…

  3. From Self-Organized to Extended Criticality

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-26

    Texas, Denton, TX, USA 2 Centro EXTREME, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy 3 Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica-CNR, Pisa, Italy 4 Department of Physics...Netherlands Klaus Linkenkaer-Hansen, Center for Neurogenomics and Cognitive Research, Netherlands *Correspondence: Paolo Allegrini , Istituto di Fisiologia

  4. Bird species associated with green ash woodlands in the Slim Buttes, South Dakota

    Treesearch

    Robert A. Hodorff; Carolyn Hull Sieg

    1986-01-01

    In western South Dakota, native deciduous woodlands are uncommon, constituting less than 1% of the total land area (Boldt et al. 1978). The Green Ash/Common Chokecherry (Fraxinus pennsylvanica/Prunus virginiana) habitat type is the major deciduous habitat type in northwestern South Dakota (Hansen and Hoffman 1985). This type occurs in depressions,...

  5. Beyond Desktop Management: Scaling Task Management in Space and Time

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-08-01

    infrastructure scales well with the number of task definitions, and with the number of services in the environment. References 1 Abowd, G., Mynatt , E.: Charting...Intel Research Report IRP-TR-02-01, Jun. 1, 2002. 15 MacIntyre, B., Mynatt , E., Voida, S., Hansen, K., Tullio, J., Corso, G.: Support For Multitasking

  6. Use of advanced hardwood sawmill equipment, and desired features for next-generation systems

    Treesearch

    Scott Bowe; Robert Smith; Philip A. Araman; D. Earl Kline

    2000-01-01

    The hardwood sawmill industry is extremely important to the U.S. economy. This importance is demonstrated by the yearly consumption of over 13 billion board feet (BBF) of hardwood lumber produced in the U.S. (Hansen &West 1998). This material is the foundation of many value-adding industries worth tens of billions of dollars (U.S. Census Bureau 1999).Many...

  7. Inner Subjective Experiences and Social Constructionism: A Response to Rudes and Guterman (2007)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, James T.

    2010-01-01

    In an earlier article, the author argued that there had been a devaluation of inner subjective experiences by the counseling profession over the last several decades (J. T. Hansen, 2005). In their reply to this article, J. Rudes and J. T. Guterman (2007) advocated for a social constructionist position for the counseling profession. In the current…

  8. Celebrate Your Freedom! May 1, Law Day 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaud, Mike; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Presents seven brief articles on legal issues concerning young people. Addresses such topics as curfews, teen smoking, dress codes, and child labor. Some articles are student-written while others profile student activity. Student authors include Mike Michaud, Danny Rosen, Carrie Kendrick, and William Hansen. (MJP)

  9. Ulcerating type 1 lepra reaction mimicking lazarine leprosy: an unusual presentation of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in an HIV-infected patient.

    PubMed

    Bhat, Ramesh; Pinto, Malcolm; Dandakeri, Sukumar; Kambil, Srinath

    2013-12-01

    Leprosy maybe "unmasked" in the context of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome and treating dermatologists, particularly in highly endemic areas for Hansen's disease, need to be cognizant to this possibility. It may also reflect emergence of a previously clinically silent infection in the course of immunologic restoration.

  10. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 2, Number 3, March 1996

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-03-01

    300 mg q month and Prednisone 5mg qod (tapering dose) Editorial Comment Hansen’s Disease is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae ...4,450 new cases a year. Comparatively, Guam has 20 registered cases with 4 new cases reported per year. G.A. Hansen discovered M. leprae in 1873

  11. Type II lepra reaction--an unusual presentation.

    PubMed

    Ray, Avas Chandra; Sen, Sumit; Banerjee, Sabyasachi; Mukhopadhyay, Jotideb

    2012-06-01

    Type II lepra reaction usually present with skin lesions. We report a 23 years old male patient presented with fever for two weeks with no visible skin lesion suggestive of leprosy and with no history of either completion or concurrent anti leprosy drug treatment was eventually turned out to be a case of Hansen's presenting with type II lepra reaction.

  12. Evaluation of Short-Term Bioassays to Predict Functional Impairment. Selected Short-Term Renal Toxicity Tests.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-10-01

    Medical Physiology, 5th edition. W.B. Sanders, Philadel- phia. pp. 456-471. Gyrd-Hansen, N., 1968. "Renal clearances in pigs." Acta Veterinaria Scandinavia...34 Medicina Experimentalis 19:301-311. Raab, W.P., 1972. "Diagnostic value of urinary enzyme determina- tions." Clinical Chemistry 5:5-25. Raab, W., M

  13. Future Foreign Language Teachers' Social and Cognitive Collaboration in an Online Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Nike; Ducate, Lara

    2006-01-01

    Discussion boards provide an interactive venue where new and future language teachers can reflect, evaluate, solve problems or simply exchange ideas (e.g., Bonk, Hansen, Grabner-Hagen, Lazar, & Mirabelli, 1996; DeWert, Babinski, & Jones, 2003; Kumari, 2001; Pawan, Paulus, Yalcin, & Chang, 2003). In addition, encouraging future teachers to learn…

  14. Prevention of back injuries and pain

    SciTech Connect

    Baptiste, B.

    1982-10-11

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), in conjunction with Hansen and Associates (San Mateo, CA), developed an employee education and training class in back care. In three years about 1500 LLNL employees have attended this class. According to accident statistics and employee questionnaires, the class has been effective in reducing back injury and pain.

  15. Paraglider

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1961-06-30

    Image L61-4369 is available as an electronic file from the photo lab. See URL. -- Photographed on 06/30/1961. -- Test of parawing in Full Scale Wind Tunnel. -- Published in James R. Hansen, Spaceflight Revolution: NASA Langley Research Center From Sputnik to Apollo, (Washington: NASA, 1995), pp. 380-387.

  16. CONTINUOUS BLACK CARBON MEASUREMENTS INDOORS AND OUTDOORS AT AN OCCUPIED HOUSE FOR ONE YEAR

    EPA Science Inventory

    Black carbon is one of the components of particulate matter, and is of importance because the only known source of aerosol black carbon in the atmosphere is the combustion of carbonaceous fuels (Hansen, 1997). Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) formed in the combustion process ar...

  17. College Savings Plans: Public Policy Choices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Janet S., Ed.

    Six articles discuss college savings plans. "Introduction and Overview" by Janet S. Hansen addresses the affordability of college, parental responsibility for college savings, incentives for saving, and the risks and rewards of planning for college expenses. "The Need for College Savings" (Sandy Baum) emphasizes the parents'…

  18. Annual NASSGP/NCHELP Conference on Student Financial Aid Research (3rd, Chicago, Illinois, May 28-30, 1986). The Proceedings, Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Scholarship Commission, Deerfield.

    The National Association of State Scholarship and Grant Programs/National Council of Higher Education Loan Programs conference on student aid is reported. Following the conference agenda and lists of registrants and conference speakers, the following papers are presented: (1) "Reinterpretation of Hansen's Census Data" (John B. Lee); (2)…

  19. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (75th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 5-8, 1992). More Miscellaneous Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The More Miscellaneous Studies section of the proceedings contains the following 34 papers: "The Louisville Courier-Journal's News Content after Purchase by Gannett" (Hansen and Coulson); "Reflection of Cultural Values in Advertising: A Comparative Analysis of Taiwan and U.S. Advertising" (Zandpour and Qian); "Sex,…

  20. How to design a good photoresist solvent package using solubility parameters and high-throughput research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tate, Michael P.; Cutler, Charlotte; Sakillaris, Mike; Kaufman, Michael; Estelle, Thomas; Mohler, Carol; Tucker, Chris; Thackeray, Jim

    2014-03-01

    Understanding fundamental properties of photoresists and how interactions between photoresist components affect performance targets are crucial to the continued success of photoresists. More specifically, polymer solubility is critical to the overall performance capability of the photoresist formulation. While several theories describe polymer solvent solubility, the most common industrially applied method is Hansen's solubility parameters. Hansen's method, based on regular solution theory, describes a solute's ability to dissolve in a solvent or solvent blend using four physical properties determined experimentally through regression of solubility data in many known solvents. The four physical parameters are dispersion, polarity, hydrogen bonding, and radius of interaction. Using these parameters a relative cohesive energy difference (RED), which describes a polymer's likelihood to dissolve in a given solvent blend, may be calculated. Leveraging a high throughput workflow to prepare and analyze the thousands of samples necessary to calculate the Hansen's solubility parameters from many different methacrylate-based polymers, we compare the physical descriptors to reveal a large range of polarities and hydrogen bonding. Further, we find that Hansen's model correctly predicts the soluble/insoluble state of 3-component solvent blends where the dispersion, polar, hydrogen-bonding, and radius of interaction values were determined through regression of experimental values. These modeling capabilities have allowed for optimization of the photoresist solubility from initial blending through application providing valuable insights into the nature of photoresist.

  1. Community Partners' Perspectives of Community-University Partnerships that Support Service-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witchger Hansen, Anne Marie

    2010-01-01

    Community partner voices are important to understand because they provide the contexts in which occupational therapy students meet course objectives by applying clinical reasoning theory and developing clinical reasoning skills in a natural context (Witchger-Hansen et al., 2007; Provident, et al., 2011). To sustain these community-university…

  2. Ocean Surface Wave Optical Roughness: Innovative Polarization Measurement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    whitecap breaking waves. * Prof. Michael L . Banner, School of Mathematics, The University of NSW, Sydney, Australia Dr. Bertrand Chapron...breaking waves from infrared imagery using a PIV algorithm. Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1961-1969. Phillips, O. M., Posner, F. L ., and Hansen , J. P

  3. Collaborative Research in Allied Health. Proceedings of Collaborative Research in Allied Health Symposium (Columbus, Ohio, September 20, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiller, M. Rosita, Ed.; And Others

    The following papers are included: "Consortia and Collaborative Research: Getting Started" (Hansen); "Coordination of the Health Care System in the State of Michigan" (Burian, Boyden, Herbert); "Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in Allied Health" (Doiron, Douglas); "Interprofessional Collaboration in the Analysis of Public Policy" (Dunn);…

  4. Multiple Imputation for Multivariate Missing-Data Problems: A Data Analyst's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schafer, Joseph L.; Olsen, Maren K.

    1998-01-01

    The key ideas of multiple imputation for multivariate missing data problems are reviewed. Software programs available for this analysis are described, and their use is illustrated with data from the Adolescent Alcohol Prevention Trial (W. Hansen and J. Graham, 1991). (SLD)

  5. Current Collapse Induced in AlGaN/GaN High-Electron-Mobility Transistors by Bias Stress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-08-25

    structure where the traps causing current collapse can be passivated by forming H-defect complexes. Hierro et al.7 have shown, for example, that deep...Lett. 75, 4016 ~1999!. 7 A. Hierro , S. A. Ringel, M. Hansen, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1499 ~2000!. 8 S. J

  6. 76 FR 22696 - City of Redwood Falls; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order and Soliciting Comments, Protests...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission City of Redwood Falls; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order and.... Applicant Contact: Tor S. Hansen, Barr Engineering Company, 4700 West 77th Street, Edina, MN 55435...

  7. Transforming Teacher Education: Lessons in Professional Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sockett, Hugh T., Ed.; DeMulder, Elizabeth K., Ed.; LePage, Pamela C., Ed.; Wood, Diane R., Ed.

    This book investigates many aspects of educational reform, pivoting around an innovative master's degree program for teachers. After "Foreword" (David T. Hansen), there are 14 papers: (1) "Transforming Teacher Education" (Hugh T. Sockett); (2) "From Educational Rhetoric to Program Reality" (Hugh T. Sockett and Pamela…

  8. Tactical/Combat Engines Cetane Window Evaluation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-31

    custom diesel fuels typically used in Homogeneous Charge Coupled Ignition ( HCCI ) research engines . These fuels are characterized by a very heavy...UNCLASSIFIED TACTICAL/COMBAT ENGINES CETANE WINDOW EVALUATION INTERIM REPORT TFLRF No. 436 by Gregory A. Hansen, Douglas Yost...report when no longer needed. Do not return it to the originator. UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED TACTICAL/COMBAT ENGINES CETANE WINDOW

  9. Community Partners' Perspectives of Community-University Partnerships that Support Service-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witchger Hansen, Anne Marie

    2010-01-01

    Community partner voices are important to understand because they provide the contexts in which occupational therapy students meet course objectives by applying clinical reasoning theory and developing clinical reasoning skills in a natural context (Witchger-Hansen et al., 2007; Provident, et al., 2011). To sustain these community-university…

  10. CONTINUOUS BLACK CARBON MEASUREMENTS INDOORS AND OUTDOORS AT AN OCCUPIED HOUSE FOR ONE YEAR

    EPA Science Inventory

    Black carbon is one of the components of particulate matter, and is of importance because the only known source of aerosol black carbon in the atmosphere is the combustion of carbonaceous fuels (Hansen, 1997). Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) formed in the combustion process ar...

  11. The Forest Inventory and Analysis Database: Database description and users manual version 4.0 for Phase 2

    Treesearch

    Sharon W. Woudenberg; Barbara L. Conkling; Barbara M. O' Connell; Elizabeth B. LaPoint; Jeffery A. Turner; Karen L. Waddell

    2010-01-01

    This document is based on previous documentation of the nationally standardized Forest Inventory and Analysis database (Hansen and others 1992; Woudenberg and Farrenkopf 1995; Miles and others 2001). Documentation of the structure of the Forest Inventory and Analysis database (FIADB) for Phase 2 data, as well as codes and definitions, is provided. Examples for...

  12. Lifelong Learning: Policies, Practices, and Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatton, Michael J., Ed.

    The 26 articles in this book focus on lifelong learning policies, practices, and programs in 13 Asia Pacific countries. The following papers are included: "Half a Revolution: A Brief Survey of Lifelong Learning in New Zealand" (P. Methven and J. Hansen); "HRD in a Multicultural Workplace: The Need for Lifelong Learning" (M.…

  13. 40 CFR Appendix to Part 246 - Recommended Bibliography

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Belknap, M. Paper recycling: a business perspective. Subcommittee on Solid Waste, New York Chamber of... Publication SW-155. Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975. 26 p. Hansen, P. Solid waste recycling... Printing Office, 1973. 284 p. Lingle, S. A. Paper recycling in the United States. Washington, U.S...

  14. 40 CFR Appendix to Part 246 - Recommended Bibliography

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Belknap, M. Paper recycling: a business perspective. Subcommittee on Solid Waste, New York Chamber of... Publication SW-155. Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975. 26 p. Hansen, P. Solid waste recycling... Printing Office, 1973. 284 p. Lingle, S. A. Paper recycling in the United States. Washington, U.S...

  15. 40 CFR Appendix to Part 246 - Recommended Bibliography

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Belknap, M. Paper recycling: a business perspective. Subcommittee on Solid Waste, New York Chamber of... Publication SW-155. Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975. 26 p. Hansen, P. Solid waste recycling... Printing Office, 1973. 284 p. Lingle, S. A. Paper recycling in the United States. Washington, U.S...

  16. 40 CFR Appendix to Part 246 - Recommended Bibliography

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Belknap, M. Paper recycling: a business perspective. Subcommittee on Solid Waste, New York Chamber of... Publication SW-155. Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975. 26 p. Hansen, P. Solid waste recycling... Printing Office, 1973. 284 p. Lingle, S. A. Paper recycling in the United States. Washington, U.S...

  17. 40 CFR Appendix to Part 246 - Recommended Bibliography

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Belknap, M. Paper recycling: a business perspective. Subcommittee on Solid Waste, New York Chamber of... Publication SW-155. Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975. 26 p. Hansen, P. Solid waste recycling... Printing Office, 1973. 284 p. Lingle, S. A. Paper recycling in the United States. Washington, U.S...

  18. IRBM in Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1957-09-07

    L57-700 In the reentry flight path of this nose cone model of a Jupiter Intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM) was tested in the Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel. Photograph published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen. Page 475.

  19. Eastman N. Jacobs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1945-01-01

    Sylvanus Albert Reed Award: Eastman N. Jacobs: In 1937, Eastman N. Jacobs, one of Langley's most adventurous researchers, received the Sylvanus Albert Reed Award for his contributions to the aerodynamic improvement of airfoils. Published in James R. Hansen, Engineer in Charge, NASA SP- 4305, p. 106.

  20. Notes of a Progressive Educator from the Academy and the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semel, Susan F.

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a review of three chapters in "Part III, Section F: Inquiring into Curriculum" of "The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction" (F. M. Connelly, M. F. He, J. I. Phillion, Eds.; Sage Publications, 2008). These chapters ["Reenvisioning the Progressive Tradition in Curriculum" (David T. Hansen,…

  1. Portrait of Antonia Ferri

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1945-01-01

    After fighting the Nazis as chief of a partisan brigade, Antonio Ferri brought important new information to Langley in 1944 about current German and Italian research in high speed aerodynamics. Photograph published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen. Page 319.

  2. Lake Michigan Bluff Dewatering and Stabilization Study - Allegan County, Michigan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    and Engineering Laboratory U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center 72 Lyme Road Hanover, NH 03755 Clarissa M. Hansen Malcolm Pirnie...meteorological station (Figure 37); flow meters; and a thermistor in each piezometer and inclinometer housing. Supplemental instruments provided by

  3. America's Century III--The Engineer's Opportunity and Responsibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Cheryl

    1976-01-01

    Presents highlights of the addresses of Arthur G. Hansen, Robert C. Seamans, Jr., and Edward R. Kane to the plenary session of the annual conference of the American Society for Engineering Education. Topics include energy, economics, governmental regulation, and the role of minorities and women in engineering in the coming century. (SL)

  4. "The Power to Develop Dispositions": Revisiting John Dewey's Democratic Claims for Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldacchino, John

    2008-01-01

    This article reviews "John Dewey and Our Educational Prospect, A Critical Engagement with Dewey's Democracy and Education," edited and spearheaded by David T. Hansen, with contributions by Gert Biesta, Reba N. Page, Larry A. Hickman, Naoko Saito, Gary D. Fenstermacher, Herbert M. Kliebard, Sharon Fieman-Nemser and Elizabeth Minnich. This…

  5. New Directions for Learning Community Assessment and Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huerta, Juan Carlos

    2008-01-01

    At the 12th Annual National Learning Communities Conference in November 2007, Juan Carlos Huerta, Gale Stuart, Lauren Chism, and Michele Hansen participated in a panel discussion about new directions in learning communities assessment and research. The intent of the panel discussion was to hear from those involved in learning community assessment,…

  6. Investigation of a redox-sensitive predictive model of mouse embryonic stem cells differentiation using quantitative nuclease protection assays and glutathione redox status

    EPA Science Inventory

    Investigation of a redox-sensitive predictive model of mouse embryonic stem cell differentiation via quantitative nuclease protection assays and glutathione redox status Chandler KJ,Hansen JM, Knudsen T,and Hunter ES 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangl...

  7. Evidence of Construct Validity of the Interest Scales on the Campbell Interest and Skill Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Brandon A.; Hansen, Jo-Ida C.

    2004-01-01

    This study explored evidence of the construct validity of the interest scales on the Campbell Interest and Skill Survey (CISS; Campbell, Hyne, & Nilsen, 1992) by testing evidence for convergent validity with the Strong Interest Inventory (SII; Hansen & Campbell, 1985). Two hypotheses were formulated. First, matching CISS and SII scales…

  8. Investigation of a redox-sensitive predictive model of mouse embryonic stem cells differentiation using quantitative nuclease protection assays and glutathione redox status

    EPA Science Inventory

    Investigation of a redox-sensitive predictive model of mouse embryonic stem cell differentiation via quantitative nuclease protection assays and glutathione redox status Chandler KJ,Hansen JM, Knudsen T,and Hunter ES 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangl...

  9. Celebrate Your Freedom! May 1, Law Day 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaud, Mike; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Presents seven brief articles on legal issues concerning young people. Addresses such topics as curfews, teen smoking, dress codes, and child labor. Some articles are student-written while others profile student activity. Student authors include Mike Michaud, Danny Rosen, Carrie Kendrick, and William Hansen. (MJP)

  10. Extending the Principles of Intensive Writing to Large Macroeconomics Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Docherty, Peter; Tse, Harry; Forman, Ross; McKenzie, Jo

    2010-01-01

    The authors report on the design and implementation of a pilot program to extend the principles of intensive writing outlined by W. Lee Hansen (1998), Murray S. Simpson and Shireen E. Carroll (1999) and David Carless (2006) to large macroeconomics classes. The key aspect of this program was its collaborative nature, with staff from two specialist…

  11. West Europe Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-22

    Preben Moller Hansen’s program lacks political reality, his style is arro- gant and he will not be able to create a Glistrup groundswell on the left...luck. Thus it is understandable that the businessmen on the top level eye them fearfully, and that a banker like Pablo Garnica could have said: "We

  12. Naval Postgraduate School Research. Volume 10, Number 1, February 2000

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-02-01

    Astronautics is the 1999 recipient of the Carl E. and Jessie W. Menneken Annual Faculty Award for Excel- lence in Scientific Research. Dr. Kaminer has...2000. D. Grove, D. Hansen, G. Hobson, and D. Schnorenberg, “Effect of Reynolds Number on Separa- tion Bubbles on Controlled-Diffusion Compressor

  13. Benjamin's Angel of History and the Work of Mourning in Ethical Remembrance: Understanding the Effect of W.G. Sebald's Novels in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joldersma, Clarence W.

    2014-01-01

    The paper develops a conceptual framework for understanding the work of ethical remembrance in the classroom. Using David Hansen's recent example of using Sebald's novels in his classroom to do the work or remembrance, the paper argues that the effect of Sebald's novels is best understood using Walter Benjamin's figure of the…

  14. Where are the Black Walnut Trees in Missouri? 1995.

    Treesearch

    J. Michael Vasievich; Neal P. Kingsley

    1995-01-01

    Walnut trees are well distributed and relatively abundant in Missouri according to the most recent forest inventory completed in 1989. The forest inventory (Hahn 1991) reports that 7.3 billion trees were found on Missouri timberlands and that 1 in 100 were black walnuts. Digging into the Eastwide Forest Inventory Data Base (Hansen et al. 1992) provides more...

  15. Quantifying Uncertainties in Ocean Predictions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    spatial scales. Atmo- spheric forcing, Gulf Stream rings , river infl ows, and buoyancy-driven fl ows, as well as tides and internal waves, affect its...John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, 537–565. Houtekamer, P.L., H. L. Mitchell, G. Pellerin, M. Bueh- ner, M. Charron , L. Spacek, and B. Hansen. 2005

  16. Enhancing hydrologic mapping using LIDAR and high resolution aerial photos on the Frances Marion National Forest in coastal South Carolina

    Treesearch

    Andy Maceyka; William F. Hansen

    2016-01-01

    Evaluating hydrology within coastal marine terrace features has always been problematic as watershed boundaries and stream detail are difficult to determine in low gradient terrain with dense bottomland forests. Various studies have improved hydrologic detail using USGS Topographic Contour Maps (Hansen 2001, Eidson and others 2005) or Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR...

  17. 130. FORKS DIVERSION, HIGH LINE AND LOW LINE CANALS, TWIN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    130. FORKS DIVERSION, HIGH LINE AND LOW LINE CANALS, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF HANSEN, IDAHO; OUTLET SIDE OF THE HIGH LINE GATES, NORTH VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

  18. 131. FORKS DIVERSION, HIGH LINE AND LOW LINE CANALS, TWIN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    131. FORKS DIVERSION, HIGH LINE AND LOW LINE CANALS, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF HANSEN, IDAHO; INLET SIDE OF LOW LINE CANAL, WEST VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

  19. Future Foreign Language Teachers' Social and Cognitive Collaboration in an Online Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Nike; Ducate, Lara

    2006-01-01

    Discussion boards provide an interactive venue where new and future language teachers can reflect, evaluate, solve problems or simply exchange ideas (e.g., Bonk, Hansen, Grabner-Hagen, Lazar, & Mirabelli, 1996; DeWert, Babinski, & Jones, 2003; Kumari, 2001; Pawan, Paulus, Yalcin, & Chang, 2003). In addition, encouraging future teachers to learn…

  20. 42 CFR 32.90 - Notification to health authorities regarding discharged patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.90 Notification to health authorities regarding discharged... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Notification to health authorities regarding discharged patients. 32.90 Section 32.90 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

  1. 42 CFR 32.90 - Notification to health authorities regarding discharged patients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... EMERGENCIES Persons with Hansen's Disease § 32.90 Notification to health authorities regarding discharged... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Notification to health authorities regarding discharged patients. 32.90 Section 32.90 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

  2. 42 CFR 32.87 - Confirmation of diagnosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confirmation of diagnosis. 32.87 Section 32.87 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with...

  3. 42 CFR 32.88 - Examinations and treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Examinations and treatment. 32.88 Section 32.88 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with...

  4. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (76th, Kansas City, Missouri, August 11-14, 1993). Part VI: Media and Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Media and Law section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 12 papers: "An Analysis of the Role of Insurance, Prepublication Review and Correction Policies in Threatened and Actual Libel Suits" (Elizabeth K. Hansen and Roy L. Moore); "Private Defamation Plaintiffs and Falsity since 'Philadelphia…

  5. From PE Experiences to PE Teaching Practices? Insights from Scottish Primary Teachers' Experiences of PE, Teacher Education, School Entry and Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliot, Dely L.; Atencio, Matthew; Campbell, Theresa; Jess, Mike

    2013-01-01

    Morgan and Hansen suggest that further research is needed to explore how non-specialist primary teachers approach and teach physical education (PE) based on their personal school PE backgrounds, teacher education experiences and ongoing professional development. This paper adopts Lawson's socialisation model, a theoretical framework subsequently…

  6. Focus: A Forum on Teaching and Learning in Utah Community and Technical Colleges, Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Don A., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    A series of articles is presented on teaching and learning in Utah community and technical colleges. After an editorial comment by J. Marvin Higbee on the goals and purposes of the Utah Association of Community Colleges, V. Lowell Hansen discusses the role of the technical instructor in the information society of the 1980's. Next, Ace G.…

  7. Benjamin's Angel of History and the Work of Mourning in Ethical Remembrance: Understanding the Effect of W.G. Sebald's Novels in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joldersma, Clarence W.

    2014-01-01

    The paper develops a conceptual framework for understanding the work of ethical remembrance in the classroom. Using David Hansen's recent example of using Sebald's novels in his classroom to do the work or remembrance, the paper argues that the effect of Sebald's novels is best understood using Walter Benjamin's figure of the…

  8. 76 FR 74069 - Central Utah Project Completion Act; Finding of No Significant Impact Associated With the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-30

    ... Central Utah Project Completion Act; Finding of No Significant Impact Associated With the Environmental... , (801) 226-7146. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Lynn Hansen, Central Utah Project Completion Act... action would: 1. Administratively convert up to 12,100 acre-feet of Central Utah Project Bonneville...

  9. Demographics of Adolescent Pregnancy in the United States. Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on Census and Population of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service and the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    This document provides witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to examine the issue of adolescent pregnancy. Opening statements are given by Congressmen Henry A. Waxman, Robert Carcia, James Scheuer, and James V. Hansen. Witnesses include William Butz and Martin O'Connell from the Bureau of the Census who…

  10. The Grief Account: Dimensions of a Contemporary Bereavement Genre

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dennis, Michael Robert

    2008-01-01

    The genre of the grief account is identified to include published narratives of surviving grief. Thematic analysis of Andrew Holleran's (2006) "Grief: A Novel," Lolly Winston's (2004) "Good Grief: A Novel," Joan Didion's (2005) "The Year of Magical Thinking," and J. Canfield and M. V. Hansen's (2003) "Chicken Soup for the Grieving Soul: Stories…

  11. Evidence of Construct Validity of the Interest Scales on the Campbell Interest and Skill Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Brandon A.; Hansen, Jo-Ida C.

    2004-01-01

    This study explored evidence of the construct validity of the interest scales on the Campbell Interest and Skill Survey (CISS; Campbell, Hyne, & Nilsen, 1992) by testing evidence for convergent validity with the Strong Interest Inventory (SII; Hansen & Campbell, 1985). Two hypotheses were formulated. First, matching CISS and SII scales…

  12. The Precise Time Course of Lexical Activation: MEG Measurements of the Effects of Frequency, Probability, and Density in Lexical Decision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stockall, Linnaea; Stringfellow, Andrew; Marantz, Alec

    2004-01-01

    Visually presented letter strings consistently yield three MEG response components: the M170, associated with letter-string processing (Tarkiainen, Helenius, Hansen, Cornelissen, & Salmelin, 1999); the M250, affected by phonotactic probability, (Pylkkanen, Stringfellow, & Marantz, 2002); and the M350, responsive to lexical frequency (Embick,…

  13. Evaluation of Decision Trees for Cloud Detection from AVHRR Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    Australia, July 9-13, pp. 1152-1154, 2001. [12] Hansen, M., Dubayah, R., and DeFries , R. Classification trees: an alternative to traditional land... DeFries , R.S. Detection of land cover changes using MODIS 250m data. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 83, No. 1-2, pp. 336–350, 2002. [15

  14. The Relationship between First-Generation Students' Educational Background and Selected Academic and Non-Academic Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summerville, Bernadette M.

    2009-01-01

    The door to college is open for increasing numbers of students for whom adapting to college may be a great challenge (Kamphoff, Hutson, Amundsen, & Atwood, 2007). Hansen (1998) noted that the overall academic preparation level has declined for students entering college and that academic disengagement in college has increased among many…

  15. Problems of Practice: Canadian Cases in Leadership and Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollock, Katina; Ryan, James

    2013-01-01

    One way to support aspiring and current administrators is through the use of case study teaching (Barnes, Christensen, & Hansen, 1994). Using case studies as a teaching and learning tool helps bring real-life situations into principal preparation and support programs. Case study approaches provide students with time to interrogate contemporary…

  16. Each Belongs: The Remarkable Story of the First School System to Move to Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Jim

    2012-01-01

    The Hamilton-Wentworth Catholic District School Board has just celebrated 30 Years of Fully Inclusive Education for All. Their mission statement: "EACH BELONGS". This remarkable book by Jim Hansen collects the history--including an extensive collection of documents and letters from teachers and families--that tell the stories of the…

  17. Linking Leisure Interests to the RIASEC World of Work Map

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Rounds, James

    2008-01-01

    The present study presents an interpretive framework for linking leisure interests, measured by the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ), to J. L. Holland's (1997) circumplex model of the world of work. Published data representing correlations between the LIQ and Holland's RIASEC interest types were obtained from Hansen and Scullard (2002).…

  18. Rejoinder to Lemberger

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, James T.

    2012-01-01

    Lemberger (2012) argues that the author (Hansen, 2012) has no basis for recommending differential weightings or priorities to humanism and science, because those ideologies are only meaningful as they are subjectively interpreted within the counseling encounter. The author responds that their positions are completely compatible, but his focus was…

  19. Second Language Acquisition by Low-Literate Learners: An Understudied Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarone, Elaine

    2010-01-01

    Many adolescent and adult L2 learners in language classrooms, both in the US and other countries, have little or no alphabetic print literacy. Language teachers may turn to SLA research for assistance, yet almost all research on oral SLA has focused on educated, highly-literate learners (Bigelow & Tarone 2004; Tarone, Bigelow & Hansen 2009). The…

  20. Parents as Partners in Art Education Enrichment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Laurie

    2008-01-01

    The author describes a parent art program, how it works, and ways to implement it. She emphasizes the strengths of parent programs as a way to support and enrich existing arts education, not as a replacement. Hansen describes the art kit--the adult's teaching resource--and the basic four-part process: presentation, demonstration, an art activity,…

  1. Lattice-Boltzmann methods for suspensions of solid particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ladd, Anthony J. C.

    2015-09-01

    In this paper, dedicated to Prof. Jean-Pierre Hansen, I will summarise the development of lattice-Boltzmann methods for simulating the dynamics of colloidal suspensions. I will describe the main ideas and subsequent improvements, and place them in the wider context of particle-based methods for fluid dynamics.

  2. What is new in polycystic ovary syndrome? Best articles from the past year.

    PubMed

    Hansen, Keith A

    2014-09-01

    This month, we focus on current research in polycystic ovary syndrome. Dr. Hansen discusses six recent publications, and each is concluded with a "bottom line" that is the take-home message. The complete reference for each can be found in on this page, along with direct links to the abstracts.

  3. The Long Run

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnelly, Laura

    2007-01-01

    This article profiles six educators who have taught for as long as two generations. These educators are the following: (1) Hazel Wilson--teaching 47 years; (2) Agnes Zeiger--teaching 61 years; Rose Gilbert--teaching 51 years; (4) Ellie Johnson--teaching 52 years; (5) Roy Clare--teaching 48 years; and (6) Carrie Hansen--54 years in education. These…

  4. Preliminary study of mysid community on seagrass bed of Pulau Tinggi, Johor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siang, Tan Hai; Rahim, Azman Abdul; Ross, Othman Haji

    2015-09-01

    This study aims to elucidate the abundance and species composition of the mysid community from seagrass bed of Pulau Tinggi. Samples were taken from July 2009 until October 2009 excluding September 2009 by using epibenthic sledge from Kampung Pasir Panjang and Kampug Sebirah Kecil. A greater abundance of mysids occurred in the seagrass area of Kampung Pasir Panjang (69.10%) compared to the Kampung Sebirah Kecil (30.90%). Maximum mysid abundance occurred during October at both study sites for the whole study period. A total of 1136 mysid individuals comprising 14 species from 5 subfamilies were identified. They were Erythrops minuta Hansen, 1910, Anchialina dentata Pillai, 1964, Haplostylus bengalensis (Hansen, 1910), Haplostylus sp. 1, Haplostylus sp. 2, Pseudanchialina inermis (Illig, 1906), Prionomysis aspera Ii, 1937, Acanthomysis longispina Fukuoka & Murano, 2002, Acanthomysis platycauda (Pillai, 1961), Acanthomysis quadrispinosa Nouvel, 1965, Anisomysis aikawai Ii, 1964, Lycomysis spinicauda Hansen, 1910 and Siriella vulgaris Hansen, 1910. Maximum species richness occurred in the Kampung Sebirah Kecil (10) during July 2009 followed by October 2009 (9) and August 2009 (8) while for Kampung Pasir Panjang highest species richness occurred during October 2009 (8), July 2009 (7) and August 2009 (6). Siriella vulgaris was the most dominant species consisting 41.20% (195ind/m3) of the total mysids sampled.

  5. Work Values of University Students in Chinese Mainland, Taiwan, and Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Shui Wai; Yuen, Mantak

    2012-01-01

    Leuty and Hansen ("Journal of Vocational Behavior" 79:379-390, 2011) identified six domains of work values in undergraduate students in the West. The review undertaken in this paper suggests that the factor structure of work values of university students in Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong essentially matches these six domains,…

  6. Scholarly Learning as Vocation: A Study of Community and Broad Access Liberal Arts College Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terosky, Aimee LaPointe; Gonzales, Leslie D.

    2016-01-01

    In this study we extended Neumann's scholarly learning theory (2009)?and Hansen's theory on vocation (1994, 1995) to explore the scholarly learning of faculty members employed at institutional types not typically recognized for faculty work beyond teaching. Through interviews with 22 participants, we studied the content of and reasons for…

  7. Understanding the Work Beliefs of Nonprofit Executives through Organizational Stories. [and] Invited Reaction: Understanding the Work Beliefs of Nonprofit Executives through Organizational Stories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilensky, Ava S.; Hansen, Carol D.; Rocco, Tonette S.

    2001-01-01

    Wilensky and Hansen report on interviews with 28 nonprofit executives revealing that they share beliefs, values, and assumptions that differ from the for-profit sector. Participants saw themselves operating in an ambiguous environment, balancing business requirements with a spiritual mission. Rocco's reaction questions whether the study…

  8. Ethnic Mongol Students and Cultural Recognition: Case Studies of Three Chinese Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhenzhou, Zhao

    2007-01-01

    Cultural recognition is of growing interest in China, where ethnic identity has become an increasingly conspicuous issue (Gladney 1994, 1996; Hansen 1999; Harrell 1990, 2001; Lee 2001; Postiglione 1999; Postiglione, Zhu, and Ben 2004; Teng 2001). However, the role of institutions of Chinese higher education has received little attention, despite…

  9. Cosmopolitanism as Communication? On Conditions for Educational Conversations in a Globalized Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wahlström, Ninni

    2016-01-01

    In this article, I explore the question of how a cosmopolitan perspective on education could be understood from curriculum-based activities in classrooms. Assuming that there is a cosmopolitan potential in curriculum content as such, I draw on David Hansen, Anthony Kwame Appiah and Donald Davidson to argue that cosmopolitanism at the classroom…

  10. Accuracy in Recalling Interest Inventory Information at Three Time Intervals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Jane L.; Gore, Paul A., Jr.; Leuwerke, Wade; D'Achiardi, Catalina; Edwards, Jorie Hitch; Edwards, Jared

    2006-01-01

    Rates of accurate recall of the Strong Interest Inventory (SII; L. W. Harmon, J. C. Hansen, F. H. Borgen, & A. L. Hammer, 1994) profile information varied with the amount of time elapsed since the interpretation, the type of SII scale, and whether immediate recall was elicited, but rates did not vary with the strategy used to provide the…

  11. College Savings Plans: Public Policy Choices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Janet S., Ed.

    Six articles discuss college savings plans. "Introduction and Overview" by Janet S. Hansen addresses the affordability of college, parental responsibility for college savings, incentives for saving, and the risks and rewards of planning for college expenses. "The Need for College Savings" (Sandy Baum) emphasizes the parents'…

  12. A Program of Research on Microfabrication Techniques for VLSI Magnetic Devices.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-11-01

    resonance measurements were done using a wideband microwave spectrometer, to determine the magnetic...for YIG. After Hansen [53] 32 Fig. 2-11: Temperature Dependence of Stress Averaging Factor F 34 Fig. 2-12. Frequency Response of the Microwave Signal...Strain uniformity (1M.- . Ol a O-ring radius f Microwave frequency = /2w

  13. Over the horizon Ka Band Radio Wave Propagation Studies in the Coastal South Australian Spencer Gulf Region (PREPRINT)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-09

    Marwood, M. Forrest and O. Reinhold RFT Group EWRD The Defence Science Technology Organisation Salisbury, South Australia hedley.hansen...interface. This paper describes an analysis of received signal strengths associated with a low-height evaporative ducting structure that was present...measurements at heights above the sea surface ducting structure are consistent with the presence of a stable refractivity profile. Keywords

  14. Comments for the Update to the ATSDR Toxicological Profile for JP-5 and JP-8 Occurring in FY14

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-30

    toxicity study including fertility assessment. Food Chem.Toxicol. 30(11): 915-919. Larsen, S.T., Hansen, J.S., Hammer, M., Alarie, Y. and Nielsen, G.D...Author: 711 HPW/RHDJ Section/Page: 2.5 Relevance to Public Health: Genotoxicity/21 Comment: This description of in vitro genotoxicity studies is

  15. IUFRO Fourth Meeting of Working Party 7.02.09, Phytophthoras in Forest and Natural Ecosystems: Meeting Summary

    Treesearch

    Susan Frankel

    2009-01-01

    On behalf of the Fourth Phytophthoras in Forest and Natural Ecosystems local organizing committee and co-chairs Everett Hansen, Clive Brasier, and Giles Hardy, I thank you for your contributions to this Working Party meeting. The past week has stimulated much thought and discussion, thanks to the 100 participants from 15 countries, 48 papers and 31 posters, two field...

  16. Multiple Imputation for Multivariate Missing-Data Problems: A Data Analyst's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schafer, Joseph L.; Olsen, Maren K.

    1998-01-01

    The key ideas of multiple imputation for multivariate missing data problems are reviewed. Software programs available for this analysis are described, and their use is illustrated with data from the Adolescent Alcohol Prevention Trial (W. Hansen and J. Graham, 1991). (SLD)

  17. The Precise Time Course of Lexical Activation: MEG Measurements of the Effects of Frequency, Probability, and Density in Lexical Decision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stockall, Linnaea; Stringfellow, Andrew; Marantz, Alec

    2004-01-01

    Visually presented letter strings consistently yield three MEG response components: the M170, associated with letter-string processing (Tarkiainen, Helenius, Hansen, Cornelissen, & Salmelin, 1999); the M250, affected by phonotactic probability, (Pylkkanen, Stringfellow, & Marantz, 2002); and the M350, responsive to lexical frequency (Embick,…

  18. The Long Run

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnelly, Laura

    2007-01-01

    This article profiles six educators who have taught for as long as two generations. These educators are the following: (1) Hazel Wilson--teaching 47 years; (2) Agnes Zeiger--teaching 61 years; Rose Gilbert--teaching 51 years; (4) Ellie Johnson--teaching 52 years; (5) Roy Clare--teaching 48 years; and (6) Carrie Hansen--54 years in education. These…

  19. Application of the Method of Auxiliary Sources for the Analysis of Plane-Wave Scattering by Impedance Spheres

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-09-01

    in good agreement with the reference spherical wave expansion (SWE) solution. REFERENCES [1] Y. Leviatan et al., IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol...2002 [5] Y. Leviatan et al., IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 38, 1259-1263, Aug. 1990 [6] J. E. Hansen, Spherical Near-Field Antenna

  20. Smooth Interpolation of Large Sets of Scattered Data.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-03-09

    and compared. Within the context of a general purpose method for large sets of data, two of these methods emerged as being generally superior to the...Facultao de Ciencias Dept. de Matematicas U. N. A. M. Mexico 20, D. F. MEXICO Richard A. Hansen 308 TMCB Brigham Young University Provo, UT 84601 P. H

  1. Linking Leisure Interests to the RIASEC World of Work Map

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Rounds, James

    2008-01-01

    The present study presents an interpretive framework for linking leisure interests, measured by the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ), to J. L. Holland's (1997) circumplex model of the world of work. Published data representing correlations between the LIQ and Holland's RIASEC interest types were obtained from Hansen and Scullard (2002).…

  2. Investigation of Clinically Significant Change by Severity Level in College Counseling Center Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolgast, Brad M.; Rader, Jill; Roche, Deborah; Thompson, C. Patricia; von Zuben, F. Christian; Goldberg, Allan

    2005-01-01

    The authors investigated the number of sessions necessary for college counseling center clients of different levels of severity of distress at intake to achieve clinically significant change (CS) in therapy. The Outcome Questionnaire-45 (M. J. Lambert, N. B. Hansen, et al., 1996) was used to categorize 914 clients by severity of distress. Analyses…

  3. Constrained range expansion and climate change assessments

    Treesearch

    Yohay Carmel; Curtis H. Flather

    2006-01-01

    Modeling the future distribution of keystone species has proved to be an important approach to assessing the potential ecological consequences of climate change (Loehle and LeBlanc 1996; Hansen et al. 2001). Predictions of range shifts are typically based on empirical models derived from simple correlative relationships between climatic characteristics of occupied and...

  4. Rejoinder to Guterman, Martin, and Kopp

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, James T.

    2012-01-01

    In their reply to the author's keystone article (Hansen, 2012), Guterman, Martin, and Kopp (2012) charge that the author's integrative framework was not sufficiently integrative. They also argue that his proposal results in logical contradictions and the mind-body problem. The author responds by noting that his proposal fully integrates the…

  5. Organization Development. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains four papers on organization development and human resources. "Identification of Key Predictors of Rapid Change Adaptation in a Service Organization" (Constantine Kontoghiorghes, Carol Hansen) reports on the results of an exploratory study, which suggests that rapid change adaptation will be more likely to occur in…

  6. Rejoinder to Lemberger

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, James T.

    2012-01-01

    Lemberger (2012) argues that the author (Hansen, 2012) has no basis for recommending differential weightings or priorities to humanism and science, because those ideologies are only meaningful as they are subjectively interpreted within the counseling encounter. The author responds that their positions are completely compatible, but his focus was…

  7. The Grief Account: Dimensions of a Contemporary Bereavement Genre

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dennis, Michael Robert

    2008-01-01

    The genre of the grief account is identified to include published narratives of surviving grief. Thematic analysis of Andrew Holleran's (2006) "Grief: A Novel," Lolly Winston's (2004) "Good Grief: A Novel," Joan Didion's (2005) "The Year of Magical Thinking," and J. Canfield and M. V. Hansen's (2003) "Chicken Soup for the Grieving Soul: Stories…

  8. Phytophthora austrocedrae.

    Treesearch

    A. Greslebin; E. M. Hansen; L. La Manna

    2011-01-01

    Phytophthora austrocedrae Gresl. & E.M. Hansen (2007) was isolated from necrotic lesions of stem and roots of Austrocedrus chilensis (Cupressaceae). It is homothallic with semi-papillate sporangia, oogonia with amphigynous antheridia, and very slow growth. It is the cause of "mal del...

  9. Employment and Disability: Trends and Issues for the 1990's. A Report on the 14th Mary E. Switzer Memorial Seminar (Washington, D.C., May 7-9, 1990).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perlman, Leonard G., Ed.; Hansen, Carl E., Ed.

    This report on the 14th Mary E. Switzer Memorial Seminar addresses trends and prospects for employment of persons with disabilities. The monograph begins with an introduction by Leonard G. Perlman and Carl E. Hansen, a foreword by Richard S. Materson, a list of seminar sponsors and Switzer scholars, a statement on the legacy of Mary Elizabeth…

  10. A Review of Physical Activity Levels during Elementary School Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fairclough, Stuart J.; Stratton, Gareth

    2006-01-01

    Regular physical activity participation throughout childhood provides benefits to physical (Malina, Bouchard, & Bar-Or, 2004), physiological (Andersen, Wedderkopp, Hansen, Cooper, & Froberg, 2003), and psychological health (Mutrie & Parfitt, 1998). In recognition of these benefits, guidelines have been published in the United States…

  11. "The Power to Develop Dispositions": Revisiting John Dewey's Democratic Claims for Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldacchino, John

    2008-01-01

    This article reviews "John Dewey and Our Educational Prospect, A Critical Engagement with Dewey's Democracy and Education," edited and spearheaded by David T. Hansen, with contributions by Gert Biesta, Reba N. Page, Larry A. Hickman, Naoko Saito, Gary D. Fenstermacher, Herbert M. Kliebard, Sharon Fieman-Nemser and Elizabeth Minnich. This…

  12. A Quantitative Study of Cohesion in Chinese Graduate Students' Writing: Variations across Genres and Proficiency Levels.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jin, Wenjun

    This study presents a quantitative analysis of cohesion of the academic writing of Chinese English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) graduate students by applying Halliday and Hansen's (1976) model. Six Chinese graduate students from a Midwestern university were selected for the study, representing two proficiency levels in written English--advanced and…

  13. Hypersonic Boost Glider

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1957-04-15

    Hypersonic Boost Glider in 11 Inch Hypersonic Tunnel L57-1681 In 1957 Langley tested its HYWARDS design in the 11 Inch Hypersonic Tunnel. Photograph published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen. Page 369.

  14. Hypersonic Glider Model in Full Scale Tunnel 1957

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1957-09-07

    L57-1439 A model based on Langley s concept of a hypersonic glider was test flown on an umbilical cord inside the Full Scale Tunnel in 1957. Photograph published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen. Page 374.

  15. 38 CFR 3.551 - Reduction because of hospitalization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... veteran is hospitalized for Hansen's disease. The provisions of this section apply to initial periods of... VA institution begins a new period of hospitalization, unless the veteran was released for purposes... release shall be considered a new admission. (Authority: 38 U.S.C. 5503(a)) (c) Section 306 pension....

  16. Accuracy in Recalling Interest Inventory Information at Three Time Intervals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Jane L.; Gore, Paul A., Jr.; Leuwerke, Wade; D'Achiardi, Catalina; Edwards, Jorie Hitch; Edwards, Jared

    2006-01-01

    Rates of accurate recall of the Strong Interest Inventory (SII; L. W. Harmon, J. C. Hansen, F. H. Borgen, & A. L. Hammer, 1994) profile information varied with the amount of time elapsed since the interpretation, the type of SII scale, and whether immediate recall was elicited, but rates did not vary with the strategy used to provide the…

  17. New Directions for Learning Community Assessment and Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huerta, Juan Carlos

    2008-01-01

    At the 12th Annual National Learning Communities Conference in November 2007, Juan Carlos Huerta, Gale Stuart, Lauren Chism, and Michele Hansen participated in a panel discussion about new directions in learning communities assessment and research. The intent of the panel discussion was to hear from those involved in learning community assessment,…

  18. Second Language Acquisition by Low-Literate Learners: An Understudied Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarone, Elaine

    2010-01-01

    Many adolescent and adult L2 learners in language classrooms, both in the US and other countries, have little or no alphabetic print literacy. Language teachers may turn to SLA research for assistance, yet almost all research on oral SLA has focused on educated, highly-literate learners (Bigelow & Tarone 2004; Tarone, Bigelow & Hansen 2009). The…

  19. Annual NASSGP/NCHELP Conference on Student Financial Aid Research (3rd, Chicago, Illinois, May 28-30, 1986). The Proceedings, Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Scholarship Commission, Deerfield.

    The National Association of State Scholarship and Grant Programs/National Council of Higher Education Loan Programs conference on student aid is reported. Following the conference agenda and lists of registrants and conference speakers, the following papers are presented: (1) "Reinterpretation of Hansen's Census Data" (John B. Lee); (2)…

  20. Specificity in Interest Measurement: Basic Interest Scales and Major Field of Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ralston, Chistopher A.; Borgen, Fred H.; Rottinghaus, Patrick J.; Donnay, David A. C.

    2004-01-01

    The Basic Interest Scales (BISs) of the Strong Interest Inventory (SII; Harmon, Hansen, Borgen, & Hammer, 1994) have a 35-year history. The BISs are the specific content scales of the SII, as opposed to the SII general content scales, the General Occupational Themes (GOTs), which measure the six Holland (1997) RIASEC themes. Using 17,074…

  1. Magnetoplasmadynamics (MPD)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1963-01-01

    'In this April 1963 photo, Magnetoplasmadynamics (MPD) lab technician Charlie Diggs regulates the flow of a test gas in an early 10-kilowatt test version of Langley's Hall-current plasma accelerator.' Published in James R. Hansen, Spaceflight Revolution: NASA Langley Research Center From Sputnik to Apollo, NASA SP-4308, p. 137.

  2. Rejoinder to Guterman, Martin, and Kopp

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, James T.

    2012-01-01

    In their reply to the author's keystone article (Hansen, 2012), Guterman, Martin, and Kopp (2012) charge that the author's integrative framework was not sufficiently integrative. They also argue that his proposal results in logical contradictions and the mind-body problem. The author responds by noting that his proposal fully integrates the…

  3. Inner Subjective Experiences and Social Constructionism: A Response to Rudes and Guterman (2007)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, James T.

    2010-01-01

    In an earlier article, the author argued that there had been a devaluation of inner subjective experiences by the counseling profession over the last several decades (J. T. Hansen, 2005). In their reply to this article, J. Rudes and J. T. Guterman (2007) advocated for a social constructionist position for the counseling profession. In the current…

  4. Molecular Dynamics of Propellant Gases. Part 2,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    motion of nitrogen gas molecules can be described using the laws of classical mechanics. Lennard - Jones and exponential-6 potentials are used to...of state and perturbation theory. It is found that the Lennard - Jones potential works well at 3000K and that the Hansen perturbation theory could become an effective method for calculating the pressure for real gases.

  5. 104. View of TR antenna, workers on "hanging garden," official ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    104. View of TR antenna, workers on "hanging garden," official photograph BMEWS Project by Hansen, 11 February 1981, clear as negative no. A-17701. - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

  6. Transmission Dynamics and Prospective Environmental Sampling of Adenovirus In a Military Recruit Setting

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-10-05

    Nikki E. Freed,1 Emily Moradi,3 David J. Ecker,2 Peter E. Kammerer,1 Miguel A. Osuna,1 Adriana E. Kajon,4 Cassandra B. Morn,1,a and Margaret A. K...and laboratory teams who made a study such as this possible, including Joseph Ault, Daisy Cabrera , Shanen Conway, Kevin Gratwick, Christian Hansen

  7. Phytophthora siskiyouensis

    Treesearch

    E. M. Hansen; P. Reeser; S. Rooney-Latham

    2011-01-01

    Phytophthora siskiyouensis Reeser & E.M. Hansen (2007) was discovered first in streams and soil in Curry County, Oregon in areas dominated by native forest, and most isolates continue to come from these sources. Only later, and still infrequently, were isolates of the new species recovered from diseased forest plants. Recent...

  8. Gas Dynamics Laboratory or Spheres NASA Langley

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1965-07-22

    L65-5505 In the Gas Dynamics Laboratory, completed in 1951, researchers explored basic aerodynamic, heating and fluid-mechanical problems in the speed range from Mach 1.5 to Mach 8.0. Photograph published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen. Page 348.

  9. A Review of Physical Activity Levels during Elementary School Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fairclough, Stuart J.; Stratton, Gareth

    2006-01-01

    Regular physical activity participation throughout childhood provides benefits to physical (Malina, Bouchard, & Bar-Or, 2004), physiological (Andersen, Wedderkopp, Hansen, Cooper, & Froberg, 2003), and psychological health (Mutrie & Parfitt, 1998). In recognition of these benefits, guidelines have been published in the United States…

  10. Aging, Disability, and the Nation's Productivity. A Report on the Mary E. Switzer Memorial Seminar (15th, Washington, D.C., June 3-5, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perlman, Leonard G., Ed.; Hansen, Carl E., Ed.

    This monograph contains proceedings of a seminar focusing on the enhancement of the lives and independence of older Americans with disabilities. Introductory materials include: an Introduction (Leonard Perlman, Carl Hansen); Seminar Greeting (Richard Materson); Welcome (Harry Smith, Martin Sicker); a foreword, "Meeting the Changing Needs of an…

  11. Optimal Aeroacoustic Shape Design Using the Surrogate Management Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-02-09

    wish to thank the IMA for providing a forum for collaboration, as well as Charles Audet and Petros Koumoutsakos for valuable discussions. The authors...17] N. Hansen, D. Mller, and P. Koumoutsakos . Reducing the time complexity of the derandomized evolution strategy with covariance matrix adaptation...P. Koumoutsakos . Optimal aeroacoustic shape design using approximation modeling. Annual Research Briefs, Center for Turbulence Research, Stanford

  12. 77 FR 62498 - Advisory Council on Dependents' Education; Meeting Cancellation Notice and Open Meeting Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-15

    ... Federal Officer (DFO) for the Advisory Council on Dependents' Education, Mr. Joel K. Hansen, 4800 Mark... of the Secretary Advisory Council on Dependents' Education; Meeting Cancellation Notice and Open Meeting Notice AGENCY: Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA), DoD. ACTION: Meeting...

  13. 42 CFR 32.1 - Meaning of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Definitions § 32.1 Meaning of terms... Public Health Service Act, approved July 1, 1944, 58 Stat. 682, as amended; (b) Service means the...

  14. 42 CFR 32.111 - Conditions and extent of treatment; charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Section 32.111 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES...) Persons not entitled to treatment by the Service may be provided temporary care and treatment at...

  15. 42 CFR 32.88 - Examinations and treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Examinations and treatment. 32.88 Section 32.88 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons...

  16. 42 CFR 32.1 - Meaning of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Definitions § 32.1 Meaning of terms... Public Health Service Act, approved July 1, 1944, 58 Stat. 682, as amended; (b) Service means the...

  17. 42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Beneficiaries § 32.6 Persons... treatment and care in cases of emergency. (b) Separate regulations govern: (1) The medical care of...

  18. 42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Beneficiaries § 32.6 Persons... treatment and care in cases of emergency. (b) Separate regulations govern: (1) The medical care of...

  19. 42 CFR 32.1 - Meaning of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Definitions § 32.1 Meaning of terms... Public Health Service Act, approved July 1, 1944, 58 Stat. 682, as amended; (b) Service means the...

  20. 42 CFR 32.1 - Meaning of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Definitions § 32.1 Meaning of terms... Public Health Service Act, approved July 1, 1944, 58 Stat. 682, as amended; (b) Service means the...

  1. 42 CFR 32.86 - Admissions to Service facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Admissions to Service facilities. 32.86 Section 32.86 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons...

  2. 42 CFR 32.87 - Confirmation of diagnosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with... of a patient at the Service hospital at Carville, Louisiana, or at another hospital of the...

  3. 42 CFR 32.111 - Conditions and extent of treatment; charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 32.111 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES...) Persons not entitled to treatment by the Service may be provided temporary care and treatment at...

  4. 42 CFR 32.111 - Conditions and extent of treatment; charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Section 32.111 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES...) Persons not entitled to treatment by the Service may be provided temporary care and treatment at...

  5. 42 CFR 32.86 - Admissions to Service facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Admissions to Service facilities. 32.86 Section 32.86 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons...

  6. 42 CFR 32.87 - Confirmation of diagnosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with... of a patient at the Service hospital at Carville, Louisiana, or at another hospital of the...

  7. 42 CFR 32.111 - Conditions and extent of treatment; charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Section 32.111 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES...) Persons not entitled to treatment by the Service may be provided temporary care and treatment at...

  8. 42 CFR 32.111 - Conditions and extent of treatment; charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Section 32.111 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES...) Persons not entitled to treatment by the Service may be provided temporary care and treatment at...

  9. 42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Beneficiaries § 32.6 Persons... treatment and care in cases of emergency. (b) Separate regulations govern: (1) The medical care of...

  10. 42 CFR 32.1 - Meaning of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Definitions § 32.1 Meaning of terms... Public Health Service Act, approved July 1, 1944, 58 Stat. 682, as amended; (b) Service means the...

  11. 42 CFR 32.86 - Admissions to Service facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Admissions to Service facilities. 32.86 Section 32.86 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons...

  12. 42 CFR 32.88 - Examinations and treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Examinations and treatment. 32.88 Section 32.88 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons...

  13. 42 CFR 32.87 - Confirmation of diagnosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with... of a patient at the Service hospital at Carville, Louisiana, or at another hospital of the...

  14. 42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Beneficiaries § 32.6 Persons... treatment and care in cases of emergency. (b) Separate regulations govern: (1) The medical care of...

  15. 42 CFR 32.86 - Admissions to Service facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Admissions to Service facilities. 32.86 Section 32.86 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons...

  16. 42 CFR 32.88 - Examinations and treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Examinations and treatment. 32.88 Section 32.88 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons...

  17. 42 CFR 32.87 - Confirmation of diagnosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons with... of a patient at the Service hospital at Carville, Louisiana, or at another hospital of the...

  18. 42 CFR 32.86 - Admissions to Service facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Admissions to Service facilities. 32.86 Section 32.86 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES Persons...

  19. Narrating International and National Trends in US Science Education: An Autobiographical Approach Showcasing Dr. Robert Yager

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verma, Geeta; Martin-Hansen, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    This biographical piece is based on a conversation involving Bob Yager, Geeta Verma, and Lisa Martin-Hansen which took place at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST) conference in March, 2008. The unique aspect of this autobiographical piece is that it highlights Dr. Yager's account about the emergence of the science…

  20. Pathfinders and Problem Solving: Comparative Effects of Two Cognitive-Behavioral Programs among Men and Women Offenders in Community and Prison

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spiropoulos, Georgia V.; Spruance, Lisa; Van Voorhis, Patricia; Schmitt, Michelle M.

    2005-01-01

    The effects of "Problem Solving" (Taymans & Parese, 1998) are compared across small diversion and prison samples for men and women. A second program, "Pathfinders" (Hansen, 1993), was compared to the Problem Solving program among incarcerated women offenders to determine whether its focus upon empowerment and relationships enhanced the effects of…

  1. Franklin D. Roosevelt at Langley 1940

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1940-01-01

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Langley Field on 29 July 1940. View of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in a car inside a NACA hangar, two unidentified men stand behind the car, and the wing of a plane is visible in the background. Photograph published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen (page 147).

  2. Lifelong Learning: Policies, Practices, and Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatton, Michael J., Ed.

    The 26 articles in this book focus on lifelong learning policies, practices, and programs in 13 Asia Pacific countries. The following papers are included: "Half a Revolution: A Brief Survey of Lifelong Learning in New Zealand" (P. Methven and J. Hansen); "HRD in a Multicultural Workplace: The Need for Lifelong Learning" (M.…

  3. Survey of Biofouling an Australian Navy Ships: Crustacea; Isopoda and Amphipoda; Caprellidea

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    the digestive system of terrestrial isopods. Journal of Zoology 217:599-627, 1989. DSTO-TR-2098 47 H. J. Hansen. Studies on Arthropoda II. On...the comparitive morphology of the appendages in the Arthropoda . In: A Crustacea, Copenhagen:Gyldendalske Boghandel, 1925, p. 1-175. K. Harrison and

  4. Contributions to the History of Astronomy, Vol. 1. (German Title: Beiträge zur Astronomiegeschichte, Band 1)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dick, Wolfgang R.; Hamel, Jürgen

    This volume of the ``Contributions to the History of Astronomy'' presents new papers on Apian, Copernicus, Rheticus, Kepler, Newton, Lichtenberg, Mädler, Beer, Hansen, as well as on the history of the Königsberg Observatory and the Astrophysical Observatory Bothkamp.

  5. 134. FORKS DIVERSION, HIGH LINE AND LOW LINE CANALS, TWIN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    134. FORKS DIVERSION, HIGH LINE AND LOW LINE CANALS, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF HANSEN, IDAHO; VIEW OF LOW LINE AND POWER GATES, WEST VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

  6. Scholarly Learning as Vocation: A Study of Community and Broad Access Liberal Arts College Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terosky, Aimee LaPointe; Gonzales, Leslie D.

    2016-01-01

    In this study we extended Neumann's scholarly learning theory (2009)?and Hansen's theory on vocation (1994, 1995) to explore the scholarly learning of faculty members employed at institutional types not typically recognized for faculty work beyond teaching. Through interviews with 22 participants, we studied the content of and reasons for…

  7. Telehealth Systems: Considering Knowledge Management and ICT Issues

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Health Services Management, Vol.15, No.1, 1998, pp 3. [25] I. Nonaka. ’The Knowledge-Creating Company’, Harvard Business Review , Vol. 69, Issue: 6, 1991...1,2000, pp. 17-21. [29] M. Hansen, N. Nohria, and T. Tierney , “What’s your strategy for managing knowledge?”, Harvard Business Review , Vol. 77

  8. Organization Values. Symposium 10. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This document contains three papers on organizational values. "Understanding the Work Beliefs of Nonprofit Executives through Organizational Stories" (Ava S. Wilensky, Carol D. Hansen) reports on a study during which qualitative interviews featuring a story component established that nonprofit executives constitute a diffuse managerial…

  9. Influenza-like Illness Surveillance on the California-Mexico Border, 2004-2009

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    event of other public health emergencies. Acknowledgements We thank Melinda Balansay, Daisy Cabrera , Rob Coon, Christian Hansen, Karen Ferran, Akiko...conceived program, write manuscript; M. L. Nava (ISESALUD, Baja California, Mexico): conceived program; L. Wong Lopez (ISESALUD, Baja California, Mexico...GA, USA): conceived program, write manuscript; K. Lopez (Imperial County Public Health Department, CA, USA):conceived program; J. Johnson (County of

  10. Pearl I. Young

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1929-01-01

    Pearl I. Young, the NACA's first female professional, at work in the instrument research laboratory circa 1929. Photograph published in Winds of Change, 75th Anniversary NASA publication, by James Schultz, page 47. Also published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen, (page 209).

  11. 132. FORKS DIVERSION, HIGH LINE AND LOW LINE CANALS, TWIN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    132. FORKS DIVERSION, HIGH LINE AND LOW LINE CANALS, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF HANSEN, IDAHO; POWER GATES FOR HYDRO-ELECTRIC. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

  12. McDonnell XF-88B Experimental Jet Fighter

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1955-08-10

    91,591 Overhead view. McDonnell XF-88B Experimental Jet Fighter. Langley used this aircraft in the mid-1950s to explore the potential of a supersonic propeller. Photographed in Engineer in Charge A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen. Page 508. **Note see L57-2259 for eye level view.

  13. Improved group contribution parameter set for the application of solubility parameters to melt extrusion.

    PubMed

    Just, Susann; Sievert, Frank; Thommes, Markus; Breitkreutz, Jörg

    2013-11-01

    Hot-melt extrusion is gaining importance for the production of amorphous solid solutions; in parallel, predictive tools for estimating drug solubility in polymers are increasingly demanded. The Hansen solubility parameter (SP) approach is well acknowledged for its predictive power of the miscibility of liquids as well as the solubility of some amorphous solids in liquid solvents. By solely using the molecular structure, group contribution (GC) methods allow the calculation of Hansen SPs. The GC parameter sets available were derived from liquids and polymers which conflicts with the object of prediction, the solubility of solid drugs. The present study takes a step from the liquid based SPs toward their application to solid solutes. On the basis of published experimental Hansen SPs of solid drugs and excipients only, a new GC parameter set was developed. In comparison with established parameter sets by van Krevelen/Hoftyzer, Beerbower/Hansen, Breitkreutz and Stefanis/Panayiotou, the new GC parameter set provides the highest overall predictive power for solubility experiments (correlation coefficient r = -0.87 to -0.91) as well as for literature data on melt extrudates and casted films (r = -0.78 to -0.96).

  14. Vienna in the Early Twentieth Century: The Cultural Response to Modernization. Curriculum Units, NEH Institute, Summer 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon Univ., Eugene.

    These curriculum units were developed by participants in the National Endowment for the Humanities seminar at the University of Oregon in 1993. The lessons include: (1) "Schule, Freunde, Liebe: Wien um die Jahrhundertwende (School, Friends, Love: Vienna at the Turn of the Century)" (Linda Hansen; Glenn Tetterton-Opheim); (2) "Kultur…

  15. Understanding the Work Beliefs of Nonprofit Executives through Organizational Stories. [and] Invited Reaction: Understanding the Work Beliefs of Nonprofit Executives through Organizational Stories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilensky, Ava S.; Hansen, Carol D.; Rocco, Tonette S.

    2001-01-01

    Wilensky and Hansen report on interviews with 28 nonprofit executives revealing that they share beliefs, values, and assumptions that differ from the for-profit sector. Participants saw themselves operating in an ambiguous environment, balancing business requirements with a spiritual mission. Rocco's reaction questions whether the study…

  16. Cutting Through Multiyear Ice

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-27

    ICESCAPE scientists watched from the deck of the Healy as it cut a path through thick multiyear ice on July 6, 2011. Cutting the path is key for getting researchers to remote research sites amid the sea ice. Credit: NASA/Kathryn Hansen The ICESCAPE mission, or "Impacts of Climate on Ecosystems and Chemistry of the Arctic Pacific Environment," is a NASA shipborne investigation to study how changing conditions in the Arctic affect the ocean's chemistry and ecosystems. The bulk of the research took place in the Beaufort and Chukchi seas in summer 2010 and 2011. Credit: NASA/Kathryn Hansen NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram

  17. An explanation of dispersion states of single-walled carbon nanotubes in solvents and aqueous surfactant solutions using solubility parameters.

    PubMed

    Ham, Hyeong Taek; Choi, Yeong Suk; Chung, In Jae

    2005-06-01

    Dispersions of single-walled carbon nanotubes in various solvents and aqueous surfactant emulsions were investigated to correlate the degree of dispersion state with Hansen solubility parameters (deltat2=deltad2+deltap2+deltah2). It was found that the nanotubes were dispersed or suspended very well in the solvents with certain dispersive component (deltad) values. They were precipitated in the solvents with high polar component (deltap) values or hydrogen-bonding component (deltah) values. The solvents in the dispersed group occupied a certain region in a 3-dimensional space of three components. The surfactants with a lipophilic group equal to and longer than decyl, containing 9 methylene groups and 1 methyl group, contributed to the dispersion of nanotubes in water. The surfactants in the dispersed group had a lower limit in the dispersive component (deltad) of the Hansen parameter.

  18. Controlled formation of polymer nanocapsules with high diffusion-barrier properties and prediction of encapsulation efficiency.

    PubMed

    Hofmeister, Ines; Landfester, Katharina; Taden, Andreas

    2015-01-02

    Polymer nanocapsules with high diffusion-barrier performance were designed following simple thermodynamic considerations. Hindered diffusion of the enclosed material leads to high encapsulation efficiencies (EEs), which was demonstrated based on the encapsulation of highly volatile compounds of different chemical natures. Low interactions between core and shell materials are key factors to achieve phase separation and a high diffusion barrier of the resulting polymeric shell. These interactions can be characterized and quantified using the Hansen solubility parameters. A systematic study of our copolymer system revealed a linear relationship between the Hansen parameter for hydrogen bonding (δh ) and encapsulation efficiencies which enables the prediction of encapsulated amounts for any material. Furthermore EEs of poorly encapsulated materials can be increased by mixing them with a mediator compound to give lower overall δh values.

  19. Measurement of multicomponent solubility parameters for graphene facilitates solvent discovery.

    PubMed

    Hernandez, Yenny; Lotya, Mustafa; Rickard, David; Bergin, Shane D; Coleman, Jonathan N

    2010-03-02

    We have measured the dispersibility of graphene in 40 solvents, with 28 of them previously unreported. We have shown that good solvents for graphene are characterized by a Hildebrand solubility parameter of delta(T) approximately 23 MPa(1/2) and Hansen solubility parameters of delta(D) approximately 18 MPa(1/2), delta(P) approximately 9.3 MPa(1/2), and delta(H) approximately 7.7 MPa(1/2). The dispersibility is smaller for solvents with Hansen parameters further from these values. We have used transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis to show that the graphene is well exfoliated in all cases. Even in relatively poor solvents, >63% of observed flakes have <5 layers.

  20. [The discovery of the leprosy bacillus].

    PubMed

    Irgens, Lorentz M

    2002-03-10

    Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841-1912) worked on leprosy throughout his career. Following his discovery of the leprosy bacillus in 1873, he proposed legislation that, when enacted in 1877 and 1885, established preventive measures aimed at isolating infectious patients. Around 1920, leprosy was more or less eradicated in Norway after a period of decline starting in 1850. Over this period, more than 8,000 cases were registered. Armauer Hansen's unique research achievement was based on a scientific and medical infrastructure in place long before he started his work. This context had several implications, though the discovery of the leprosy bacillus holds a particular fascination, with bearings on the interaction between medicine and the community even today.