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Sample records for hematurias hereditarias benignas

  1. Loin pain hematuria syndrome.

    PubMed

    Taba Taba Vakili, Sahar; Alam, Tausif; Sollinger, Hans

    2014-09-01

    Loin pain hematuria syndrome is a rare disease with a prevalence of ∼0.012%. The most prominent clinical features include periods of severe intermittent or persistent unilateral or bilateral loin pain accompanied by either microscopic or gross hematuria. Patients with loin pain hematuria syndrome initially present with hematuria, flank pain, or most often both hematuria and flank pain. Kidney biopsies from patients with loin pain hematuria typically reveal only minor pathologic abnormalities. Further, loin pain hematuria syndrome is not associated with loss of kidney function or urinary tract infections. Loin pain hematuria syndrome-associated hematuria and pain are postulated to be linked to vascular disease of the kidney, coagulopathy, renal vasospasm with microinfarction, hypersensitivity, complement activation on arterioles, venocalyceal fistula, abnormal ureteral peristalsis, and intratubular deposition of calcium or uric acid microcrystals. Many patients with loin pain hematuria syndrome also meet criteria for a somatoform disorder, and analgesic medications, including narcotics, commonly are used to treat loin pain hematuria syndrome-associated pain. Interventional treatments include renal denervation, kidney autotransplantation, and nephrectomy; however, these methods should be used only as a last resort when less invasive measures have been tried unsuccessfully. In this review article, we discuss and critique current clinical practices related to loin pain hematuria syndrome pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

  2. Dyschromatosis Universalis Hereditaria with Renal Failure

    PubMed Central

    Rojhirunsakool, Salinee; Vachiramon, Vasanop

    2015-01-01

    Dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria (DUH) is a rare autosomal dominant inherited dermatosis which usually appears during childhood and is characterized by dyspigmentation, with both hypopigmented and hyperpigmented macules. We report a case of DUH with unexplained childhood-onset renal failure. The association between DUH and renal failure is yet to be proven by further studies. PMID:25969678

  3. Dyschromatosis Symmetrica Hereditaria of Late Onset?

    PubMed Central

    Gaiewski, Caroline Balvedi; Zuneda Serafini, Sergio; Werner, Betina; Deonizio, Janyana M. D.

    2014-01-01

    Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH), also known as reticulated acropigmentation of Dohi, is an autosomal dominant disease with high penetrance, characterized by hypo- and hyperpigmented macules of varying sizes on the dorsal of the extremities with reticulated pattern. This paper presents a female patient with typical dermatological lesions, but only diagnosed in adulthood. It is necessary to perform differential diagnosis with other pigmentary disorders. This entity is not very common in South America, and the vast majority of cases were described in Japanese population. Since it is a benign disease, it is important to be aware of this diagnosis in order to establish the correct conduct for these patients. PMID:24826352

  4. Diagnosis and Management of Hematuria.

    PubMed

    Avellino, Gabriella J; Bose, Sanchita; Wang, David S

    2016-06-01

    Microscopic and gross hematuria present unique and difficult diagnostic and management challenges in the already complex general surgery patient. This article provides the general surgeon with relevant knowledge in the pathophysiology, anatomy, etiologies, workup, and treatments of hematuria. In addition common causes of hematuria that may be encountered by the general surgeon (including trauma, urinary tract infection, urolithiasis, and malignancy), the difficult to manage clinical situation of clot urinary retention is presented. This article provides a urologic framework of thinking for the clinician to best manage a general surgery patient who has hematuria.

  5. Blood in the Urine (Hematuria)

    MedlinePlus

    ... hematuria is when blood in the urine is invisible to the naked eye; it only shows up ... Privacy Policy & Terms of Use Visit the Nemours Web site. Note: All information on TeensHealth® is for ...

  6. Blood in the Urine (Hematuria) (For Parents)

    MedlinePlus

    ... hematuria is a symptom. Microscopic hematuria has no visible signs. Doctors will only know someone has it ... kidney function urine tests to look for protein, calcium, and creatinine (a waste product found in urine) ...

  7. Assessment of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in adults.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Victoria J; Barnes, Kerri T; Erickson, Bradley A

    2013-12-01

    Although routine screening for bladder cancer is not recommended, microscopic hematuria is often incidentally discovered by primary care physicians. The American Urological Association has published an updated guideline for the management of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria, which is defined as the presence of three or more red blood cells per high-power field visible in a properly collected urine specimen without evidence of infection. The most common causes of microscopic hematuria are urinary tract infection, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and urinary calculi. However, up to 5% of patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria are found to have a urinary tract malignancy. The risk of urologic malignancy is increased in men, persons older than 35 years, and persons with a history of smoking. Microscopic hematuria in the setting of urinary tract infection should resolve after appropriate antibiotic treatment; persistence of hematuria warrants a diagnostic workup. Dysmorphic red blood cells, cellular casts, proteinuria, elevated creatinine levels, or hypertension in the presence of microscopic hematuria should prompt concurrent nephrologic and urologic referral. The upper urinary tract is best evaluated with multiphasic computed tomography urography, which identifies hydronephrosis, urinary calculi, and renal and ureteral lesions. The lower urinary tract is best evaluated with cystoscopy for urethral stricture disease, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and bladder masses. Voided urine cytology is no longer recommended as part of the routine evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria, unless there are risk factors for malignancy.

  8. Cadmium exposure induces hematuria in Korean adults

    SciTech Connect

    Han, Seung Seok; Kim, Myounghee; Lee, Su Mi; Lee, Jung Pyo; Kim, Sejoong; Joo, Kwon Wook; Lim, Chun Soo; Kim, Yon Su; Kim, Dong Ki

    2013-07-15

    Introduction: Toxic heavy metals have adverse effects on human health. However, the risk of hematuria caused by heavy metal exposure has not been evaluated. Methods: Data from 4701 Korean adults were obtained in the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (2008–2010). Blood levels of the toxic heavy metals cadmium, lead, and mercury were measured. Hematuria was defined as a result of ≥+1 on a urine dipstick test. The odds ratios (ORs) for hematuria were measured according to the blood heavy metal levels after adjusting for multiple variables. Results: Individuals with blood cadmium levels in the 3rd and 4th quartiles had a greater OR for hematuria than those in the 1st quartile group: 3rd quartile, 1.35 (1.019–1.777; P=0.037); 4th quartile, 1.52 (1.140–2.017; P=0.004). When blood cadmium was considered as a log-transformed continuous variable, the correlation between blood cadmium and hematuria was significant: OR, 1.97 (1.224–3.160; P{sub trend}=0.005). In contrast, no significant correlations between hematuria and blood lead or mercury were found in the multivariate analyses. Discussion: The present study shows that high cadmium exposure is associated with a risk of hematuria. -- Highlights: • A high level of blood cadmium is associated with a high risk of hematuria. • This correlation is independent of several confounding factors. • Blood levels of lead and mercury are not associated with risk of hematuria. • This is the first study on the correlation between cadmium exposure and hematuria risk.

  9. Urology and nephrology update: proteinuria and hematuria.

    PubMed

    Fiore, David C; Fox, Cara-Louise

    2014-01-01

    Proteinuria and hematuria can be benign or can be signs of more serious underlying pathology. The diagnostic evaluation should take into account the age of the patient as well as medical history, family history, concurrent symptoms, initial physical examination findings, and basic office laboratory test results. There are many tests to consider for proteinuria and hematuria. Routine screening for proteinuria is not recommended in the general population, but it is recommended for high-risk patients, such as those with diabetes and hypertension. Asymptomatic patients should not be screened for hematuria. Patients should be referred to a nephrology subspecialist if proteinuria is drug-resistant, if there is persistent hematuria with concomitant proteinuria, or if a renal biopsy is being considered. Patients should be referred to a urology subspecialist for abnormal genitourinary anatomy, trauma, stones, tumors, nonglomerular gross hematuria, or persistent microscopic hematuria. Written permission from the American Academy of Family Physicians is required for reproduction of this material in whole or in part in any form or medium.

  10. Macroscopic hematuria in patients on anticoagulation therapy

    PubMed Central

    Mariyanovski, Valeri; Hadzhiyska, Valeria

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Visible hematuria is not rare in patients on anticoagulant therapy. There is no consensus regarding the diagnostic approach for them; some authors suggest restricted volume of diagnostic procedures because of the low number of urological etiology found. Some antibiotics have been reported to potentiate the effect of oral anticoagulants. Material and methods The study addresses the need for urological assessment of patients on anticoagulation therapy and the possible role of some drugs administrated simultaneously with an oral anticoagulant, for the onset of macroscopic hematuria. Patients hospitalized with hematuria, both with or without anticoagulation therapy, were investigated and followed up. Results The onset of hematuria depends on the monitoring of oral anticoagulation. INR (International Normalized Ratio) value corresponds with the probability of non-urological etiology, where INR>4 carries relatively low risk for urological and malignant etiology. Some antibiotics may influence the anticoagulation effect, so INR value may be elevated and hematuria may occur. Conclusions Anticoagulation therapy should be administrated carefully and individually. The risk of urological etiology of hematuria is lower in patients on oral anticoagulants (especially when INR >4), however, it is not zero. PMID:26568876

  11. [Macroscopic hematuria in an adolescent in Chad].

    PubMed

    Ballivet de Régloix, S; Maurin, O; Douniama Ondaï, C

    2012-01-01

    We report the case of a 16-year-old Chadian boy referred for chronic macroscopic hematuria and dysuria, diagnosed as urinary schistosomiasis, contracted while bathing in contaminated fresh water. The diagnostic approach and treatment in light of the limited resources available in Africa are described in detail.

  12. Hematuria: etiology and evaluation for the primary care physician.

    PubMed

    Patel, Jitesh V; Chambers, Christopher V; Gomella, Leonard G

    2008-08-01

    Asymptomatic microscopic and gross hematuria are common problems for the primary care physician. The exact definition of microscopic hematuria is debated, but is defined by one group as > 3 red blood cells/high power microscopic field. While the causes of hematuria are extensive, the most common differential diagnosis for both microscopic and gross hematuria in adults includes infection, malignancy, and urolithiasis. Clinical evaluation of these patients often involves urological consultation with urine cytology, urine culture, imaging studies, and cystoscopy. Patients who have no identifiable cause after an extensive workup should be monitored for early detection of malignancy or occult renal disease.

  13. Hematuria home screening: repeat testing results.

    PubMed

    Messing, E M; Young, T B; Hunt, V B; Newton, M A; Bram, L L; Vaillancourt, A; Hisgen, W J; Greenberg, E B; Kuglitsch, M E; Wegenke, J D

    1995-07-01

    To determine at what interval screening should be repeated to detect bladder cancer before it becomes muscle invasive 856 men who had 14 negative daily home tests for hematuria with a chemical reagent strip 9 months previously performed repeat tests. Of these men 50 (5.8%) had at least 1 positive test during the second 14-day screening period and 38 were evaluated, 15 of whom (39.5%) had significant urological pathological conditions, including 8 with malignancies. Bladder cancer was noted in 7 men, with no tumor invading the muscularis propria. The finding of 7 bladder cancers in 856 men (0.82%) who had a negative test 9 months previously indicates that bladder cancer has a brief preclinical duration and that testing must be repeated at least annually for screening to detect bladder cancer consistently before invasion occurs.

  14. Metabolic risk factors in children with asymptomatic hematuria.

    PubMed

    Spivacow, Francisco Rodolfo; Del Valle, Elisa Elena; Rey, Paula Gabriela

    2016-07-01

    Idiopathic or benign hematuria is diagnosed in children after all other possible causes have been ruled out and test results for renal or urologic pathologies are negative. To identify possible urinary risk factors for hematuria in children, we retrospectively evaluated clinical onset, family history, and metabolic risk factors of 60 children with idiopathic hematuria but without renal stones or other pathologic conditions that could explain the hematuria. All patients followed the same ambulatory protocol at that used to evaluate kidney stone-formers. Seven patients had microhematuria, three patients each had microhematuria and gross hematuria, and the remaining 50 patients had gross hematuria onset. A family history of stone disease was found in 63 % of the children. At least one urinary metabolic abnormality was present in 49 patients, while 11 patients had no metabolic abnormality. The most common urinary risk factor was idiopathic hypercalciuria (single or associated), which was found in 43.5 % of patients, followed by hypocitraturia (single or associated), present in 31.7 %. Unduly acidic urine pH as a single abnormality was found in 10 % of this pediatric patient population. We also found hyperoxaluria and, less frequently, hypomagnesuria, and hyperuricosuria. Asymptomatic idiopathic hematuria in pediatric patients may often be associated to different urinary biochemical abnormalities, similar to what is observed in pediatric kidney stone-formers.

  15. A Case Report of Dyschromatosis Universalis Hereditaria (DUH) with Primary Ovarian Failure (POF)

    PubMed Central

    Jayanthi, N.S; Anandan, V.; Jameela, W. Afthab; Kumar, V. Senthil

    2016-01-01

    Dyschromatosis Universalis Hereditaria (DUH) belongs to a group of congenital diffuse reticulate pigmentary disorders characterised by both hypo and hyper pigmented macules. It is both hereditary and sporadic. A number of associated cutaneous and systemic diseases have been reported. The recent discovery of the mutation in ATP binding cassette protein, ABCB6 in DUH attempts to explain the reason behind the pigmentary abnormalities and varied associations. We add a new association by reporting a case of DUH with primary ovarian failure (POF) and hypothyroidism. PMID:27134983

  16. Increased hematuria following hypergravic exposure in middle-aged women

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goldwater, D. J.; Ohara, D. B.; Sandler, H.

    1982-01-01

    The effects of simulated weightlessness on orthostatic tolerance were studied in 9 women (55 to 65 years old) who underwent acceleration and lower body negative pressure before and after 10 days of horizontal bed rest. The results of this study show the first known association of microscopic hematuria with hypergravic and orthostatic stress which suggests similarities to the 'stress hematuria syndrome' previously seen with heavy exercise (Boileau et al., 1980). In addition, the sporadic occurrence of this phenomenon indicates a multifactorial etiology in predisposed individuals. Bedrest or weightlessness simulation per se does not seem to significantly alter renal function, but may decrease microscopic hematuria with an orthostatic component.

  17. Increased hematuria following hypergravic exposure in middle-aged women

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goldwater, D. J.; Ohara, D. B.; Sandler, H.

    1982-01-01

    The effects of simulated weightlessness on orthostatic tolerance were studied in 9 women (55 to 65 years old) who underwent acceleration and lower body negative pressure before and after 10 days of horizontal bed rest. The results of this study show the first known association of microscopic hematuria with hypergravic and orthostatic stress which suggests similarities to the 'stress hematuria syndrome' previously seen with heavy exercise (Boileau et al., 1980). In addition, the sporadic occurrence of this phenomenon indicates a multifactorial etiology in predisposed individuals. Bedrest or weightlessness simulation per se does not seem to significantly alter renal function, but may decrease microscopic hematuria with an orthostatic component.

  18. HYPNOTHERAPY INTERVENTION FOR LOIN PAIN HEMATURIA: A CASE STUDY1

    PubMed Central

    Elkins, Gary R.; Koep, Lauren L.; Kendrick, Cassie E.

    2012-01-01

    Loin pain hematuria is characterized by chronic loin pain, hematuria, and dysuria. There are no known effective treatments for loin pain hematuria and longer-term use of analgesics and surgical options are often ineffective or associated with negative side effects. This article reports on a 17-year-old female patient diagnosed with loin pain hematuria who presented with unilateral, uncontrolled loin pain following numerous unsuccessful attempts at controlling her symptoms with traditional medical interventions—including antibiotics, opioids, and renal denervation. The patient received 8 sessions of hypnotherapy. Baseline, end-point, and follow-up measures administered included the General Health Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, McGill Pain Questionnaire, Pain Discomfort Scale, and visual analogue measures of pain, academic interference, and social interference. At follow-up, results indicated clinically significant decreases in pain, anxiety, and depression with nearly complete remission of presenting symptoms. PMID:22098573

  19. A rare cyclic recurrent hematuria case; bladder endometriosis

    PubMed Central

    Akpınar, Süha; Çelebioğlu, Emre

    2015-01-01

    Endometriosis is a benign gynecological disease that is characterized by the presence of functional endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Although the ovaries and uterine ligaments are the most common locations, urinary tract involvement especially the bladder endometriosis is a rare entity in women of reproductive age with clinical symptoms of cyclical urgency, hematuria and suprapubic pain. We herein present magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of spontaneous bladder endometriosis case with cyclical hematuria symptoms. PMID:26029655

  20. [Microscopic hematuria : Reasonable and risk-adapted diagnostic evaluation].

    PubMed

    Löbig, N; Wezel, F; Martini, T; Schröppel, B; Bolenz, C

    2017-06-22

    Microscopic hematuria that is not explained by an obvious underlying condition is a frequent and often an incidental finding that commonly triggers urological or nephrological evaluation. Potential underlying conditions range from benign to severe malignant diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract. A nonsystematic literature search was performed, focusing on potential urological and nephrological causes of hematuria. National and international guidelines were considered and diagnostic as well as follow-up strategies are discussed. We provide a recommendation for practices in the clinical evaluation of hematuria. The overall prevalence for microscopic hematuria is estimated at approximately 2%, whereas risk populations show an increase to around 30%. In 13-35% of patients presenting with microscopic hematuria, a medical or surgical intervention is required. Malignant tumors of the kidneys or urinary tract can be diagnosed in 2.6-4% of all patients and in up to 25.8% of at-risk populations. "Idiopathic microscopic hematuria" without an obvious underlying medical condition accounts for approximately 80% of patients with asymptomatic hematuria. After exclusion of nephrological diseases, standard diagnostic procedures by means of medical history, physical and laboratory examination as well as ultrasound of the kidneys and the urinary tract should be performed. In the presence of risk factors, an extended diagnostic work-up using cystoscopy, urinary cytology, and cross-sectional imaging of the upper urinary tract is indicated. Evidence-based strategies of a risk-adapted diagnostic evaluation for microscopic hematuria are not available. The development of reliable clinical and molecular markers offers great potential for the identification of patients at higher risk for harboring severe diseases.

  1. Intractable hematuria secondary to systemic amyloidosis with bladder involvement.

    PubMed

    Diez Calzadilla, Nelson Arturo; March Villalba, José Antonio; Canosa Fernández, Adriana; Soriano Sarrió, Pilar

    2014-09-01

    To present the therapeutic management of intractable hematuria secondary to systemic amyloidosis with bladder involvement. We describe the clinical case, the medical management, the endo-urological technique used, and the results supported by relevant published literature. A 50-year-old woman with a 20-year history of rheumatoid arthritis in chronic treatment with corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in addition to chronic renal insufficiency not requiring hemodialysis. Twenty-four hours after resection of a hepatic hydatid cyst she presented intractable hematuria. The ultrasound and CT scan showed the formation of a large blood clot in the bladder not affecting the upper urinary tract. An intra-operative cystoscopy revealed a distended bladder showing signs of inflammation with diffuse, widespread bleeding. Hemostasis was achieved and a biopsy of the mucosa was taken, associated to bladder irrigation with potassium alum as a hemostatic. Given the persistence of the hematuria, further revision in the operating room as well as blood transfusion were carried out and, due to the hemodynamic instability that could not be controlled, finally selective embolization was performed. Intravesical instillation of dimethyl sulphoxide every 72 hours was used to control any remaining hematuria. The biopsy showed bladder amyloidosis. The addition of intravenous steroids and orally administered colchicine successfully controlled the patient's clinical status. Secondary amyloidosis of the bladder is a condition associated with hematuria that is difficult to manage. Hematuria control is often difficult, requiring aggressive treatment in addition to more conservative approaches.

  2. How benign is hematuria? Using genetics to predict prognosis.

    PubMed

    Gale, Daniel P

    2013-08-01

    Hematuria is a common presenting feature of glomerular disease and is sometimes associated with kidney failure later in life. Where isolated microscopic hematuria occurs in children and young adults, an underlying monogenic disorder, such as Alport syndrome or thin basement membrane nephropathy, is frequently responsible. In this review, these and other diseases, which often present with isolated microscopic hematuria, including hereditary angiopathy, nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps (HANAC) syndrome, IgA nephropathy, and CFHR5 nephropathy, are discussed together with the associated molecular pathology, clinical features, and prognosis. Genetic testing for these conditions used in clinical practice can provide important diagnostic and prognostic information that is relevant to the patient and their family, particularly when kidney transplantation is considered.

  3. Radiofrequency Ablation for Tumor-Related Massive Hematuria

    PubMed Central

    Neeman, Ziv; Sarin, Shawn; Coleman, Jonathan; Fojo, Tito; Wood, Bradford J.

    2008-01-01

    To determine whether radiofrequency (RF) ablation targeting the tumor-collecting system interface has a durable effect in patients with transfusion-dependent kidney tumor-related hematuria, four patients aged 61-71 years were successfully treated with RF ablation, with a mean follow up of 12 months. Baseline creatinine levels varied from 2.0 mg/dL to 3.7 mg/dL. All patients had received red blood cell transfusions in the days and hours before RF ablation. No subsequent surgical or interventional procedures were required for management of hematuria. Gross hematuria resolved in 24-48 hours in all four patients. Two of the patients are alive with stable renal function and two died of causes unrelated to treatment. RF ablation may be an effective therapeutic option for transfusion-dependent cancer-related hematuria in patients with renal insufficiency, solitary kidney, or comorbidities, or after failed conventional therapies in patients who are not candidates for surgery. PMID:15758142

  4. [Difficult diagnosis in a case of hematuria (Berger's disease)].

    PubMed

    Cambié, M; D'Agrosa, F; Di Pietro, C; Dotti, G; Liotta, M; Merli, B; Olivieri, M; Tamburini, G; Gaboardi, F

    1986-01-01

    A seven years old boy presented with gross hematuria associated with clots and transitory renal insufficiency. The urinary sediment showed only monomorphic red blood cells. Subsequently urinary sediment completely modified: namely only dysmorphic red blood cells and hyaline granular casts were found and within a week renal function become normal. The clinical diagnosis of Berger's disease was possible only with renal biopsy.

  5. Factors affecting spontaneous resolution of hematuria in childhood nutcracker syndrome.

    PubMed

    Shin, Jae Il; Park, Jee Min; Lee, Soon Min; Shin, Youn Ho; Kim, Ji Hong; Lee, Jae Seung; Kim, Myung Joon

    2005-05-01

    To identify factors affecting spontaneous resolution of hematuria in children with nutcracker syndrome, 20 patients diagnosed as having nutcracker syndrome using renal Doppler ultrasound (US) were analyzed retrospectively. Sixteen patients had microscopic hematuria, and four had gross hematuria at presentation. The mean age was 10.6 years (range 2.5-14 years). All underwent a follow-up Doppler US examination after a mean period of 1.4 years (range 0.5-3.5 years) after the first US was performed, and height and weight were measured at the time of US. At the time of follow-up US, hematuria disappeared in 15 patients and improved in 3. The peak velocity (PV) ratios of the left renal vein (LRV) at the follow-up US decreased significantly when compared to the first US examination (7.74+/-2.64 vs 3.50+/-1.09, p<0.0001), and height (147.4+/-20.1 vs 152.3+/-18.8 cm) and weight (36.1+/-10.9 vs 42.3+/-12.7 kg) increased (p<0.0001). Changes in the PV ratios of the LRV correlated positively with changes in the PV at the aortomesenteric portion (r=0.569, p=0.009). Changes in the PV at the aortomesenteric portion correlated negatively with changes in body mass index (BMI) (r=-0.543, p=0.013). Although spontaneous resolution of hematuria in children with nutcracker syndrome is obscure, our findings suggest the increase in BMI may be a possible hemodynamic factor.

  6. Two cases of adynamia episodica hereditaria: in vitro investigation of muscle cell membrane and contraction parameters.

    PubMed

    Lehmann-Horn, F; Rüdel, R; Ricker, K; Lorković, H; Dengler, R; Hopf, H C

    1983-02-01

    Membrane potentials, current-voltage relationships, and contractile parameters were studied in intact muscle cell bundles obtained from two patients with adynamia episodica hereditaria. In a normal extracellular medium, the cell membranes had resting potentials of about -80 mV and their current-voltage relationships were not significantly different from control curves. In contrast to normal muscles the afflicted cells were paralyzed in a medium having 6-10 mmol/liter potassium. The mechanisms of paralysis in the two specimens were different from each other. Many fibers from one patient were spontaneously active even in normal solution. In high potassium solution spontaneous activity was increased and the cells gradually depolarized to values at which excitatory sodium current is normally inactivated. This depolarization was connected with an increased sodium conductance and was reversed by the application of tetrodotoxin (TTX). The fibers from the other patient were not spontaneously active. In high potassium solution they were paralyzed at membrane potential values at which normal fibers would still contract. The reason for this paralysis was a reduced excitability.

  7. Highlights for the Management of a Child with Proteinuria and Hematuria

    PubMed Central

    Gattineni, Jyothsna

    2012-01-01

    The identification of hematuria or proteinuria in an otherwise healthy child can cause anxiety to both the family and the pediatrician. The etiology of hematuria and proteinuria includes a long list of conditions, and detailed workup can be exhaustive, expensive and not essential in most of the patients. As will be described in this paper, most of the children with proteinuria or hematuria have a benign etiology. The primary role of the pediatrician is to identify hematuria/proteinuria, recognize the common causes of hematuria/proteinuria, and more importantly identify children with serious conditions that need referral to the nephrologist in a timely manner. PMID:22844302

  8. Superwarfarin intoxication: hematuria is a major clinical manifestation.

    PubMed

    Wu, Yi-Feng; Chang, Cheng-Shyong; Chung, Chih-Yuan; Lin, Hsuan-Yu; Wang, Chuan-Cheng; Shen, Ming-Ching

    2009-09-01

    Since superwarfarin is popular and readily available in stores, it may cause intoxication or overexposure, which can result in coagulopathy or abnormal bleeding in humans and, thus, is an important public health problem. We report our clinical experience with superwarfarin intoxication. Nine patients, including eight patients who had histories of ingesting superwarfarin, were studied. Of the patients, hematuria occurred in eight. Laboratory tests among the nine patients showed extremely prolonged prothrombin times and activated partial thromboplastin times, which could be corrected to normal by mixing 1:1 with normal pooled plasma; they also had very low functional levels of factor II, VII, IX, X, and proteins C and S, but normal functional levels of factors V, VIII, fibrinogen, and anti-thrombin III. Large doses of vitamin K1 were needed for 3 months or more to treat and correct the coagulopathy among the patients. The majority of the patients presented with gross hematuria, suggesting that hematuria is probably a major clinical manifestation of superwarfarin intoxication. Prolonged use of large doses of vitamin K1 is needed for the treatment of superwarfarin intoxication.

  9. Exercise proteinuria and hematuria: current knowledge and future directions.

    PubMed

    Shephard, Roy J

    2016-09-01

    Transient proteinuria and hematuria are apparently benign sequelae of intensive physical activity. However, there is a need to establish underlying causes and reasons for progression to chronic renal damage, as well as effects of training in healthy individuals and in those with microalbuminuria. The Ovid/Health Star database was searched from 1994 to November 2014. Terms for the kidneys (adverse effects, blood supply, epidemiology, injuries, pathology, physiology and secretion) and proteinuria (classification, complications, epidemiology, etiology, mortality, physiopathology, prevention and control) with terms related to physical activity (physical activity/motor activity, exercise/exercise therapy, fitness/physical fitness, physical education/physical education and training, and rehabilitation). Review of 519 abstracts yielded 194 relevant hits, supplemented by 70 items from other sources. This material related to both healthy adults (125 items) and renal disease (139 items). The prevalence (18-100%) and duration (1-6 days) of exercise proteinuria varied widely, with risks affected by exercise intensity, posture, age, heat load, altitude and disease. Moderate training reduced exercise proteinuria in healthy individuals and in chronic renal disease. Factors contributing to exercise proteinuria may include vascular changes, hypoxia, lactate accumulation, oxidant stress, hormonal changes and sepsis. Exercise hematuria is frequent; some potential causes are similar to those for proteinuria, but foot-strike and bladder trauma are probably more important. Progression to permanent renal damage is rare. Exercise proteinuria and hematuria are generally transient. However, there remains a need to clarify causation and factors leading to permanent renal damage.

  10. Microscopic hematuria and calculus-related ureteral obstruction.

    PubMed

    Stewart, D P; Kowalski, R; Wong, P; Krome, R

    1990-01-01

    The evaluation of patients with ureteral calculi in the emergency department has historically included urinalysis (UA) and intravenous pyelograms (IVP). This retrospective study was done to determine if a statistically significant relationship existed between the degree of calculus-related ureteral obstruction, proven by IVP, and the presence or absence of microscopic hematuria. Urine red blood cells were recorded as less than 3 rbc/hpf (negative) or greater than or equal to 3 rbc/hpf (positive). IVPs were recorded as nonsevere or severe. IVP criteria were based on the presence or absence of extravasation, greater than 2-hour ureteral filling times, and a numerical scoring system of 1 to 4 for ureteral or calyceal dilatation and nephrogenic effect. Eighty-nine men (72%) had non-severe obstructions and 34 (28%) had severe obstructions. Twenty-five women (68%) had nonsevere obstructions and 12 (32%) had severe obstructions. Of the 28 patients with normal UAs, 11 had severe ureteral obstructions and 17 had nonsevere ureteral obstructions. There were no statistically significant differences between the presence or absence of significant microscopic hematuria and the presence or absence of severe ureteral obstruction. Microscopic hematuria is neither sensitive nor specific in determining the degree of calculus-related ureteral obstruction.

  11. An evidence-based approach to the management of hematuria in children in the emergency department.

    PubMed

    Pade, Kathryn H; Liu, Deborah R

    2014-09-01

    Hematuria is defined as an abnormal number of red blood cells in urine. Even a tiny amount of blood (1 mL in 1000 mL of urine) is sufficient to make urine appear pink or red. In the pediatric population, the majority of etiologies are benign and often asymptomatic. However, hematuria may also be a sign of renal pathology, local infection, or systemic disease. Hematuria can be differentiated into 2 categories: macroscopic hematuria (visible to the naked eye) and microscopic hematuria (> 5 red blood cells/high-powered field on urinalysis). This review will outline the current literature regarding evaluation and management of pediatric patients who present to the emergency department with hematuria. Obtaining a thorough history and the appropriate diagnostic tests will be discussed in depth.

  12. Hematuria without chyluria: It could still be due to filarial etiology

    PubMed Central

    Nag, Vijaya Lakshmi; Sen, Manodeep; Dash, Nihar Ranjan; Bansal, R; Kumar, Manoj; Maurya, Anand Kumar

    2016-01-01

    There are few reports of “microfilaria in the urine.” We report an elderly woman with gross hematuria who was being investigated for urinary tract tuberculosis. Three consecutive urine samples showed microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti. However, she did not have chyluria. Treatment with diethylcarbamazine cleared up the hematuria within 3 days. Chyluria, hematuria, and hematochyluria are problems of Bancroftian filariasis reported worldwide. The literature review was made to present a simplified way for management. PMID:27722105

  13. Hematuria following kidney tumorectomy: can it hide an arteriovenous fistula?

    PubMed

    Pavan, Nicola; Liguori, Giovanni; Vedovo, Francesca; Bucci, Stefano; Bertolotto, Michele; Trombetta, Carlo

    2015-01-01

    We present the case and radiologic images of a 64-year-old man who presented with gross hematuria and fever 2 months after undergoing retroperitoneal partial nephrectomy for a 4.7 × 4.6 cm papillary renal cell carcinoma. Angio-TC demonstrated an aneurysmatic dilatation of the anterior inferior segmental artery of the right kidney with an arteriovenous fistula; the patient was treated with angiography and selective cannulation by deploying 4 platinum coils. At follow-up, we used contrast-enhanced ultrasound to monitor coil embolization of the renal artery pseudoaneurysm.

  14. The frequency of hematuria in acne vulgaris patients during isotretinoin treatment.

    PubMed

    Yesilkaya, Burcu; Alli, Nuran; Artuz, R Ferda; Ulu, Ezgi; Kartal, Demet; Cinar, S Levent

    2017-03-01

    Systemic isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) is effective in the treatment of acne vulgaris. The most common side effects are mucocutaneous ones. Hematuria seen secondary to isotretinoin treatment is thought to be due to mucosal dryness in the urinary system. This study aims to determine the frequency of hematuria in acne vulgaris patients during isotretinoin treatment. Eighty-eight subjects aged 16-32 years were included in the study group and 52 subjects were in the control group. The subjects were treated for 6 months and were monitored monthly by complete urine analyzes. They were also examined each month in terms of cheilitis, xerosis, epistaxis, rectal bleeding, fatigue, myalgia, weight loss, dry eye, conjunctivitis, headache, dysuria and pollakiuria. In the study group, 15 subjects (17%) had hematuria at least once during the study, and in the control group, four subjects (7.7%) had hematuria. The difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.118). Among the subjects who had hematuria, 11 of them (73.3%) were female and four of them (33.3%) were male in the study group while all the subjects with hematuria in the control group were female. Hematuria and gender did not show a statistically significant correlation. Hematuria was observed in 17% of the study group; this frequency rate was not different from that of the normal population. In subjects having isotretinoin treatment, if all the other reasons or disorders are excluded, one must keep in mind that hematuria may be due to isotretinoin use.

  15. Remission of Hematuria Improves Renal Survival in IgA Nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Sevillano, Angel M; Gutiérrez, Eduardo; Yuste, Claudia; Cavero, Teresa; Mérida, Evangelina; Rodríguez, Paola; García, Ana; Morales, Enrique; Fernández, Cristina; Martínez, Miguel Angel; Moreno, Juan Antonio; Praga, Manuel

    2017-10-01

    Hematuria is a cardinal symptom in IgA nephropathy, but its influence on the risk of disease progression has been scarcely investigated. We followed a cohort of 112 patients with IgA nephropathy for a mean±SEM period of 14±10.2 years, during which clinical and analytic risk factors (including urine sediment examination) were regularly recorded. According to the magnitude of time-averaged hematuria, we classified patients as those with persistent hematuria and those with negative or minimal hematuria. We also classified patients according to the magnitude of time-averaged proteinuria (>0.75 or ≤0.75 g/d). The proportion of patients reaching ESRD or a 50% reduction of renal function was significantly greater among patients with persistent hematuria than patients with minimal or negative hematuria (30.4% and 37.0% versus 10.6% and 15.2%, respectively; P=0.01). Multivariable analysis revealed time-averaged hematuria, time-averaged proteinuria, renal function at baseline, and the presence of tubulointerstitial fibrosis on renal biopsy as independent predictors of ESRD. After hematuria disappearance, which occurred in 46% of the patients, the rate of renal function decline changed from -6.45±14.66 to -0.18±2.56 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) per year (P=0.001). Patients with time-averaged proteinuria >0.75 g/d had significantly poorer renal survival than those with time-averaged proteinuria ≤0.75 g/d. However, on further classification by time-averaged hematuria, only those patients with time-averaged proteinuria >0.75 g/d and persistent hematuria had significantly worse renal survival than those in the other three groups. In conclusion, remission of hematuria may have a significant favorable effect on IgA nephropathy outcomes. Copyright © 2017 by the American Society of Nephrology.

  16. Evaluation of microscopic hematuria: a critical review and proposed algorithm.

    PubMed

    Niemi, Matthew A; Cohen, Robert A

    2015-07-01

    Microscopic hematuria (MH), often discovered incidentally, has many causes, including benign processes, kidney disease, and genitourinary malignancy. The clinician, therefore, must decide how intensively to investigate the source of MH and select which tests to order and referrals to make, aiming not to overlook serious conditions while simultaneously avoiding unnecessary tests. Existing professional guidelines for the evaluation of MH are largely based on expert opinion and have weak evidence bases. Existing data demonstrate associations between isolated MH and various diseases in certain populations, and these associations serve as the basis for our proposed approach to the evaluation of MH. Various areas of ongoing uncertainty regarding the appropriate evaluation should be the basis for ongoing research.

  17. A Comparison of Urolithiasis in the Presence and Absence of Microscopic Hematuria in the Emergency Department.

    PubMed

    Mefford, Jason M; Tungate, Robert M; Amini, Leila; Suh, Dongjin; Anderson, Craig L; Rudkin, Scott E; Boysen-Osborn, Megan

    2017-06-01

    Urolithiasis is a common medical condition that accounts for a large number of emergency department (ED) visits each year and contributes significantly to annual healthcare costs. Urinalysis is an important screening test for patients presenting with symptoms suspicious for urolithiasis. At present there is a paucity of medical literature examining the characteristics of ureteral stones in patients who have microscopic hematuria on urinalysis versus those who do not. The purpose of this study was to examine mean ureteral stone size and its relationship to the incidence of clinically significant hydronephrosis in patients with and without microscopic hematuria. This is a retrospective chart review of patient visits to a single, tertiary academic medical center ED between July 1, 2008, and August 1, 2013, of patients who underwent non-contrast computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis and urinalysis. For patient visits meeting inclusion criteria, we compared mean stone size and the rate of moderate-to-severe hydronephrosis found on imaging in patients with and without microscopic hematuria on urinalysis. Out of a total of 2,370 patient visits 393 (16.6%) met inclusion criteria. Of those, 321 (82%) had microscopic hematuria present on urinalysis. Patient visits without microscopic hematuria had a higher rate of moderate-to-severe hydronephrosis (42%), when compared to patients with microscopic hematuria present (25%, p=.005). Mean ureteral stone size among patient visits without microscopic hematuria was 5.7 mm; it was 4.7 mm for those patients with microscopic hematuria (p=.09). For ureteral stones 5 mm or larger, the incidence of moderate-to-severe hydronephrosis was 49%, whereas for ureteral calculi less than 5 mm in size, the incidence of moderate-to-severe hydronephrosis was 14% (p < 0.0001). Patients visiting the ED with single-stone ureterolithiasis without microscopic hematuria on urinalysis could be at increased risk of having moderate

  18. Intractable Hematuria After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Can Lessons Learned from Gastrointestinal Bleeding Be Applied?

    PubMed

    Son, Andre Y; Zhao, Lee; Reyentovich, Alex; Deanda, Abe; Balsam, Leora B

    2016-01-01

    Patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) are at increased risk of bleeding. We reviewed our institutional experience with bleeding in the urinary tract after CF-LVAD implantation and quantified the impact on hospital resource utilization in comparison with bleeding in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, the most commonly reported mucosal site of bleeding after LVAD implantation. Records were retrospectively reviewed for patients undergoing CF-LVAD implantation at our institution between October 2011 and April 2015. Major adverse events of gross hematuria and GI bleeding were identified, and patient demographics and hospital course were reviewed. Gross hematuria occurred in 3 of the 35 patients (8.6%) and in 5.1% of all hospitalizations for CF-LVAD patients. Severe hematuria occurred after traumatic urethral catheterization, urinary retention, or urologic surgery. Hospitalization for hematuria was six times less likely than hospitalization for GI bleeding; however, hematuria hospitalizations lasted 3.2 times longer than GI bleeding hospitalizations (17.0 vs. 5.3 days). Late recurrent gross hematuria occurred in all cases, with rehospitalization occurring after 109 ± 53 days. In conclusion, gross hematuria is an infrequent but morbid bleeding complication in CF-LVAD patients. Strategies to avoid this complication include strict avoidance of traumatic urethral catheterization and urinary retention in high-risk patients.

  19. Non-nephronal hematuria misdiagnosed as C1q nephropathy: Look before you leap.

    PubMed

    Mandal, S N; Jha, R; Fatima, R; Swarnalata, G

    2012-05-01

    A 19-year-old male presented with persistent macroscopic hematuria for last 3 months. On initial evaluation, he was found to have minimal proteinuria, normal renal function, and normal complement with negative lupus serology. Light microscopy, immunofluorescence and electron microscopy of renal tissue confirmed the presence of C1q nephropathy. Because of poor response to immunosuppressive agent (prednisolone and mycophenolate mofetil), passage of urinary clot once and vexing persistent macroscopic hematuria, alternative diagnosis was considered. Cystourethroscopy showed urethritis of prostatic urethra. Immunosuppressives were stopped and doxycycline started to which hematuria responded dramatically. This case report illustrates that hematuria in this patient was because of undiagnosed urethritis rather than incidental C1q nephropathy.

  20. Hematuria following Botox treatment for upper limb spasticity: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Lo, Tony CT; Yeung, Stephen T; Lee, Sujin; Chang, Eric Y

    2015-01-01

    Hematuria is a documented side effect of botulinum toxin injection and has only been reported when it is used for overactive bladder. Here we report a rare case of hematuria following onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox) injection for upper limb spasticity in a 29-year-old male with a history of traumatic brain injury and hemophilia. Hematuria resolved without further complication after self-injection of factor VIII as recommended by his hematologist. Botulinum toxin binds peripheral cholinergic nerve endings to prevent acetylcholine and norepinephrine exocytosis. Studies have shown that both of these compounds are involved in antifibrinolytic activation, suggesting botulinum toxin may play a role in the coagulation cascade by preventing formation of fibrin. This is further supported by resolution of hematuria in our patient after self-injection of factor VIII. As such, botulinum toxin injection may result in mild spontaneous hemorrhage in patients with underlying hematological deficiencies. Further studies are needed to elucidate its effects in coagulation. PMID:26396542

  1. Hematuria following stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for clinically localized prostate cancer.

    PubMed

    Gurka, Marie K; Chen, Leonard N; Bhagat, Aditi; Moures, Rudy; Kim, Joy S; Yung, Thomas; Lei, Siyuan; Collins, Brian T; Krishnan, Pranay; Suy, Simeng; Dritschilo, Anatoly; Lynch, John H; Collins, Sean P

    2015-02-19

    Hematuria following prostate radiotherapy is a known toxicity that may adversely affect a patient's quality of life. Given the higher dose of radiation per fraction using stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) there is concern that post-SBRT hematuria would be more common than with alternative radiation therapy approaches. Herein, we describe the incidence and severity of hematuria following stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for prostate cancer at our institution. Two hundred and eight consecutive patients with prostate cancer treated with SBRT monotherapy with at least three years of follow-up were included in this retrospective analysis. Treatment was delivered using the CyberKnife® (Accuray) to doses of 35-36.25 Gy in 5 fractions. Toxicities were scored using the CTCAE v.4. Hematuria was counted at the highest grade it occurred in the acute and late setting for each patient. Cystoscopy findings were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Hematuria-associated bother was assessed via the Expanded Prostate Index Composite (EPIC)-26. The median age was 69 years with a median prostate volume of 39 cc. With a median follow-up of 48 months, 38 patients (18.3%) experienced at least one episode of hematuria. Median time to hematuria was 13.5 months. In the late period, there were three grade 3 events and five grade 2 events. There were no grade 4 or 5 events. The 3-year actuarial incidence of late hematuria ≥ grade 2 was 2.4%. On univariate analysis, prostate volume (p = 0.022) and history of prior procedure(s) for benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) (p = 0.002) were significantly associated with hematuria. On multivariate analysis, history of prior procedure(s) for BPH (p < 0.0001) and α1A antagonist use (p = 0.008) were significantly associated with the development of hematuria. SBRT for prostate cancer was well tolerated with hematuria rates comparable to other radiation modalities. Patients

  2. Percutaneous Cyanoacrylate Glue Injection into the Renal Pseudoaneurysm to Control Intractable Hematuria After Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    SciTech Connect

    Lal, Anupam Kumar, Ajay; Prakash, Mahesh; Singhal, Manphool; Agarwal, Mayank Mohan; Sarkar, Debansu; Khandelwal, Niranjan

    2009-07-15

    We report a case of a 43-year-old man who developed intractable hematuria after percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Angiography detected a pseudoaneurysm arising from the lower polar artery; however, embolization could not be performed because of unfavorable vascular anatomy. A percutaneous thrombin injection under ultrasound guidance initially controlled the bleeding, but hematuria subsequently recurred as a result of recanalization of the aneurysm. The case was successfully managed with ultrasound- and fluoroscopic-guided direct injection of cyanoacrylate glue into the pseudoaneurysm.

  3. Percutaneous cyanoacrylate glue injection into the renal pseudoaneurysm to control intractable hematuria after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Lal, Anupam; Kumar, Ajay; Prakash, Mahesh; Singhal, Manphool; Agarwal, Mayank Mohan; Sarkar, Debansu; Khandelwal, Niranjan

    2009-07-01

    We report a case of a 43-year-old man who developed intractable hematuria after percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Angiography detected a pseudoaneurysm arising from the lower polar artery; however, embolization could not be performed because of unfavorable vascular anatomy. A percutaneous thrombin injection under ultrasound guidance initially controlled the bleeding, but hematuria subsequently recurred as a result of recanalization of the aneurysm. The case was successfully managed with ultrasound- and fluoroscopic-guided direct injection of cyanoacrylate glue into the pseudoaneurysm.

  4. Asymptomatic microscopic hematuria as a predictor of neoplasia in the urinary tract.

    PubMed

    Ordell Sundelin, Maria; Jensen, Jørgen Bjerggaard

    2017-06-23

    The Danish hematuria guidelines were revised in January 2016. Before revision, it was recommended that asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in patients more than 40 years old should be routinely urologically investigated. In the revised guidelines, patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria are not recommended to be investigated, irrespective of age. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether asymptomatic microscopic hematuria was predictive of neoplasia of the urinary tract in a referred cohort of patients. All patients older than 40 years referred from primary care to private clinics and public hospitals in the Central Denmark Region for evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in a 2 year period from January 2014 to December 2015 were included retrospectively. All patients had been routinely investigated with computed tomography urography and outpatient flexible cystoscopy. Patients' age and gender were recorded and the final diagnosis after full investigation was retrieved. In total, 1305 patients (492 males and 813 females) were included. Eleven patients (0.8%) were diagnosed with neoplasia in the urinary tract, including non-invasive Ta bladder tumor (n = 6), benign tumors in the kidney (n = 2), invasive bladder cancer (n = 2) and carcinoma in situ in the urinary bladder (n = 1). None of the patients had renal cancer or upper urinary tract tumors as the final diagnosis. A minority of patients with malignancies or non-invasive tumors would have been missed based on the revised Danish hematuria referral pathways.

  5. Evidence of a link between fever and microscopic hematuria in children.

    PubMed

    Schwartz, Rama; Distal, Rotem; Shapiro, Arthur; Waisman, Yehezkel

    2017-06-01

    Despite the common conception that febrile illnesses are associated with microscopic hematuria in children, a review of the literature failed to disclose supportive evidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate this relationship. Background data were collected for a convenience sample of children aged 4-18 years who presented to the emergency department (ED) of a tertiary pediatric medical center. Vital signs were measured and a midstream urine specimen was collected. Specimens positive for the presence of blood (>5 erythrocytes/μl; Combur 10 Test Strips) were examined microscopically. Patients found to have microscopic hematuria (>5 erythrocytes/high power field) were asked to undergo repeated urine testing within 3 weeks or at least 1 week after the fever (if present) resolved. A telephone interview was conducted 9-10 years after the ED visit, for all children with microscopic hematuria. Data were coded and transferred to Microsoft Excel 2007 (Raymond Wa), and then analyzed using SPSS 15 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). Six hundred sixty patients were enrolled in the study; 161 were febrile (mean temperature 39.2 ± .08 °C), and 499 were afebrile (mean temperature 36.7 ± 0.4 °C) (p < 0.001). The febrile group was significantly younger than the afebrile group (mean age 8 ± 3.6 years versus 9.4 ± 3.7 years, respectively, p < 0.001). There was no significant between-group difference in sex distribution (55 and 60% boys, respectively, p = 0.199). Microscopic hematuria was found in 12 children, 9 febrile (5.6%), and 3 afebrile (0.6%) (p < 0.001). All repeated urine tests (n = 12) were negative for microscopic hematuria. The findings suggest that fever is associated with transient microscopic hematuria in children. The study is limited by its single-center setting and relatively small sample. What is known: • It is commonly believed that fever increases the incidence of microscopic hematuria. • However, to the best of our knowledge, this

  6. Correlates of hematuria on glomerular histology and electron microscopy in IgA nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Tewari, Rohit; Nada, Ritambhra; Kaur, Maninder; Dudeja, Puja; Rayat, Charan Singh; Sakhuja, Vinay; Joshi, Kusum

    2016-04-01

    Hematuria is the most important clinical manifestation of IgA nephropathy. This study was undertaken with the objective to describe the spectrum of histological changes with reference to the Oxford classification and the ultrastructural changes in the glomerular basement membrane and to correlate them with hematuria. 66 patients who underwent renal biopsy for IgA nephropathy were evaluated histologically by the Oxford system and also subject to electron microscopic examination for glomerular immune deposits, as well as alterations in the glomerular basement membrane. On comparing the histological scores generated by the Oxford classification with degree of hematuria, it was found that the status of 'endocapillary proliferation' and the status of 'tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis showed a significant correlation. Correlation of hematuria with location of the deposits, i.e. mesangial only, and mesangial with capillary wall deposits (subendothelial and subepithelial) did not show any association. Other alterations of the GBM were seen in 12 cases. The changes included thinning alone in 4 cases, thinning and lamellar splitting in 5 cases, and lamellar splitting alone in 2 cases. At presentation, endocapillary proliferation is one histological parameter which shows close association with hematuria.

  7. Evidence of dipstick superiority over urine microscopy analysis for detection of hematuria.

    PubMed

    Bataille, Aurélien; Wetzstein, Morgane; Hertig, Alexandre; Vimont, Sophie; Rondeau, Eric; Galichon, Pierre

    2016-09-08

    There is an unresolved debate on the best screening method for hematuria as a symptom of glomerulonephritis or urological malignancies. The urinary dipstick is generally considered as an imperfect surrogate for urine microscopy analysis. We designed a study to compare urine microscopy analysis, urinary dipstick and flow cytometry, using controlled dilutions of blood in urine samples from volunteers collected in two different physiologically-relevant conditions (basal state and hyperhydration). We found that although all techniques were 100 % effective in detecting hematuria at basal state, these results were variably reproduced when testing the same final amount of hematuria in urine collected after hyperhydration. Our data shows a variable sensitivity for the detection of hematuria by urine microscopy analysis or flow cytometry, but not by urinary dipstick. Urinary dipstick qualifies as a better screening test for hematuria than urine microscopy analysis or flow cytometry, as it is sensitive and performs better in unstandardized conditions. It is universally available and also faster and cheaper than cytometric techniques.

  8. [Molecular mechanisms of individual platelet reactivity in hematuria secondary to lithotripsy].

    PubMed

    Barinov, E F; Tverdokhleb, T A; Kravchenko, A N; Balykina, A O; Cherkasova, N A

    2016-11-01

    To investigate the mechanisms of individual platelet reactivity to ADP and adrenaline associated with the variability of hematuria after lithotripsy in patients with chronic obstructive pyelonephritis (COPN). The study included 41 COPN patients admitted to the Department of Urology for lithotripsy (LT). The contact ultrasonic LT was performed using the Karl Storz Calcuson Ultrasonic Lithotripsy System. Postoperative hematuria was assessed by microscopic red blood cell count. Platelets were separated from the citrated peripheral blood by centrifugation. Platelet aggregation was measured by Chrono-log aggregometer using agonists (ADP, adrenaline) at a concentration of EC50 and EU10. There were three types of platelet functional response to ADP and adrenaline after LT (increased, unchanged and decreased aggregation), but the predominant type of individual response was increased platelet aggregation. Testing 24 hours after LT revealed 7 platelet phenotypes differing in functional activity of 2-adrenoceptor agonist and purine receptors (R2Y1 and R2Y12). Normal purine receptor activity was associated with the ability of platelets to respond to adrenaline by increasing the functional activity aimed at limiting hematuria. Reduced platelet response to ADP after LT reaching the level of hyporesponsiveness may be viewed as a predictor of severe hematuria after surgery. Individual platelet reactivity, manifested by the interaction of ADP and adrenaline agonist, determines the effectiveness of the increase in pro-aggregation capacity of platelets in developing postoperative hematuria.

  9. An Inexpensive, Point-of-Care Urine Test for Bladder Cancer in Patients Undergoing Hematuria Evaluation.

    PubMed

    Acharya, Abhinav P; Theisen, Kathryn M; Correa, Andres; Meyyappan, Thiagarajan; Apfel, Abraham; Sun, Tao; Tarin, Tatum V; Little, Steven R

    2017-09-08

    Although hematuria (blood in urine) is the most common symptom of bladder cancer, 70-98% of hematuria cases are benign. These hematuria patients unnecessarily undergo costly, invasive, and expensive evaluation for bladder cancer. Therefore, there remains a need for noninvasive office-based tests that can rapidly and reliably rule out bladder cancer in patients undergoing hematuria evaluation. Herein, a clinical assay for matrix metalloproteinases ("Ammps") is presented, which generates a visual signal based on the collagenase activity (in urine of patients) on the Ammps substrates. Ammps substrates are generated by crosslinking gelatin with Fe(II) chelated alginate nanoparticles, which precipitate in urine samples. The cleavage of gelatin-conjugated alginate (Fe(II)) nanoparticles by collagenases generates free-floating alginate (Fe(II)) nanoparticles that participate in Fenton's reaction to generate a visual signal. In a pilot study of 88 patients, Ammps had 100% sensitivity, 85% specificity, and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 100% for diagnosing bladder cancer. This high NPV can be useful in ruling out bladder cancer in patients referred for hematuria evaluation. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. A novel method for evaluating and expressing the degree of macroscopic hematuria.

    PubMed

    Sakuma, Shunji; Fujita, Ryo; Komiya, Hitoshi

    2006-01-01

    We have created a universal and simple scale of evaluation for urine of the connection pipe attached to a urine collection bag. The figure of the Roman numeral II is printed in black in four different sizes (10.5, 18, 36, and 72 points) using the MS Gothic letter configuration of Microsoft Word on white paper. If this paper is, then, placed beneath the connection pipe attached to a urine collection bag, it becomes possible to determine the grade of hematuria by checking whether the gap between the two lines of II can be seen clearly through the hematuria. Furthermore, we are also able to evaluate the grade of hematuria of urine collected in a cup, by pouring the urine into a small clear tube of the same diameter as the connection pipe.

  11. A rare case of recurrent hematuria from right kidney: radiologic diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Venetucci, Pietro; Quarantelli, Mario; Iaccarino, Vittorio

    2011-01-01

    We report the case of a young woman admitted because of several and recurring episodes of macroscopic hematuria beginned after her first pregnancy. Contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography images showed dilated ovarian veins due to a typical pelvic varicocele. We supposed to be a right ovarian vein syndrome, a rare clinical situation characterized by an anomalous compression of the lumbar ureter by the ectasic ovarian vein; this condition may cause a chronic inflammatory stimulus above the urothelial mucosa with a following hematuria. All symptoms were solved by an endovascular treatment through the sclero-embolisation of the pelvic varicocele. After eighteen months the patient didn't present hematuria anymore and she no longer complained about her right side lumbar pain.

  12. A Rare Case of Recurrent Hematuria from Right Kidney: Radiologic Diagnosis and Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Venetucci, Pietro; Quarantelli, Mario; Iaccarino, Vittorio

    2011-01-01

    We report the case of a young woman admitted because of several and recurring episodes of macroscopic hematuria beginned after her first pregnancy. Contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography images showed dilated ovarian veins due to a typical pelvic varicocele. We supposed to be a right ovarian vein syndrome, a rare clinical situation characterized by an anomalous compression of the lumbar ureter by the ectasic ovarian vein; this condition may cause a chronic inflammatory stimulus above the urothelial mucosa with a following hematuria. All symptoms were solved by an endovascular treatment through the sclero-embolisation of the pelvic varicocele. After eighteen months the patient didn't present hematuria anymore and she no longer complained about her right side lumbar pain. PMID:22084790

  13. The accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of superficial bladder tumors in patients presenting with hematuria

    PubMed Central

    Stamatiou, Konstantinos; Papadoliopoulos, Ioannis; Dahanis, Stefanos; Zafiropoulos, Grigoris; Polizois, Konstantinos

    2009-01-01

    Ultrasonography has been proposed as the initial test for detection of bladder carcinomas in patients presenting with hematuria, but the accuracy of transabdominal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of superficial bladder carcinoma has not been assessed. We prospectively evaluated 173 patients presenting to the outpatient department with painless hematuria by transabdominal ultrasound and cystoscopy. The tolerability of cystoscopy was also assessed. Of 148 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 39 with bladder carcinoma were identified by cystoscopy as having bladder carcinoma, while 34 were identified by ultrasonography. For ultrasonography, the sensitivity (87.1%), specificity (98.1%), positive predictive value (94.4%) and negative predictive value (95.4%) were good but not as good as cystoscopy. While the tolerability of cystoscopy is relatively low, it is still superior to ultrasonography in the evaluation of the bladder as a possible source of hematuria. PMID:19318748

  14. The accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of superficial bladder tumors in patients presenting with hematuria.

    PubMed

    Stamatiou, Konstantinos; Papadoliopoulos, Ioannis; Dahanis, Stefano; Zafiropoulos, Grigoris; Polizois, Konstantinos

    2009-01-01

    Ultrasonography has been proposed as the initial test for detection of bladder carcinomas in patients presenting with hematuria, but the accuracy of transabdominal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of superficial bladder carcinoma has not been assessed. We prospectively evaluated 173 patients presenting to the outpatient department with painless hematuria by transabdominal ultrasound and cystoscopy. The tolerability of cystoscopy was also assessed. Of 148 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 39 with bladder carcinoma were identified by cystoscopy as having bladder carcinoma, while 34 were identified by ultrasonography. For ultrasonography, the sensitivity (87.1%), specificity (98.1%), positive predictive value (94.4%) and negative predictive value (95.4%) were good but not as good as cystoscopy. While the tolerability of cystoscopy is relatively low, it is still superior to ultrasonography in the evaluation of the bladder as a possible source of hematuria.

  15. Gross Hematuria and Urinary Retention among Men from a Nationally Representative Survey in Sierra Leone

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Hiten D; Kamara, Thaim B; Kushner, Adam L; Groen, Reinou S; Allaf, Mohamad E

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To estimate the prevalence of gross hematuria and urinary retention among men in Sierra Leone and report on barriers to care and associated disability. Gross hematuria and urinary retention are classic urologic complaints that require medical attention for significant underlying pathology, but their burden has not been quantified in a developing country. Methods A cluster randomized, cross-sectional household survey was administered in Sierra Leone using the Surgeons OverSeas Assessment of Surgical need tool as a verbal head-to-toe examination. A total of 2 respondents in each of 25 households in 75 clusters were surveyed to assess surgical needs. Data on questions related to blood from the penis and the inability to urinate for men >12 years of age were included in the present analysis to determine the period and point prevalence of hematuria and urinary retention. Results From 3645 total respondents, 1054 (28.9%) were men >12 years old included in the analysis. Period and point prevalence of gross hematuria were 21.8 per 1,000 (95%CI 13.0-30.7) and 12.3 per 1,000 (95%CI 5.7-19.0), respectively, and for urinary retention they were 19.9 per 1,000 (95%CI 11.5-28.4) and 4.7 per 1,000 (95%CI 0.5-8.9), respectively. Lack of financial resources was the major barrier to care. Disability assessment showed 19.1% were not able to work as a result of urinary retention and 34.8% felt ashamed of their gross hematuria. Conclusions The results provide a prevalence estimate of gross hematuria and urinary retention for men in Sierra Leone. Accessible medical and surgical care will be critical for early intervention and management. PMID:24726148

  16. Proteinuria and hematuria are associated with acute kidney injury and mortality in critically ill patients: a retrospective observational study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Proteinuria and hematuria are both important health issues; however, the nature of the association between these findings and acute kidney injury (AKI) or mortality remains unresolved in critically ill patients. Methods Proteinuria and hematuria were measured by a dipstick test and scored using a scale ranging from a negative result to 3+ in 1883 patients admitted to the intensive care unit. AKI was defined according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines. The odds ratios (ORs) for AKI and 3-year mortality were calculated after adjustment for multiple covariates according to the degree of proteinuria or hematuria. For evaluating the synergistic effect on mortality among proteinuria, hematuria, and AKI, the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) was used. Results Proteinuria and hematuria increased the ORs for AKI: the ORs of proteinuria were 1.66 (+/−), 1.86 (1+), 2.18 (2+), and 4.74 (3+) compared with non-proteinuria; the ORs of hematuria were 1.31 (+/−), 1.58 (1+), 2.63 (2+), and 2.52 (3+) compared with non-hematuria. The correlations between the mortality risk and proteinuria or hematuria were all significant and graded (Ptrend < 0.001). There was a relative excess risk of mortality when both AKI and proteinuria or hematuria were considered together: the synergy indexes were 1.30 and 1.23 for proteinuria and hematuria, respectively. Conclusions Proteinuria and hematuria are associated with the risks of AKI and mortality in critically ill patients. Additionally, these findings had a synergistic effect with AKI on mortality. PMID:24942179

  17. Nutcracker Syndrome and Sickle Cell Trait: A Perfect Storm for Hematuria.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, Amier; McElwee, Samuel K; Kraemer, Ryan R

    2017-05-01

    We describe the case of a 27-year-old woman with a history of sickle cell trait (SCT) who presented with several months of hematuria and was found to have nutcracker syndrome (NCS). While SCT is a common cause of hematuria resulting from renal papillary necrosis, our patient had concomitant abdominal pain and anemia, prompting further evaluation and the subsequent diagnosis of NCS. Interestingly, the anoxia in the left renal vein from NCS predisposes patients with SCT to sickling. Our case highlights key clinical features of both NCS and SCT and the relationship between the two disease processes.

  18. Endovascular Management of Ureteroarterial Fistula: A Rare Potentially Life Threatening Cause of Hematuria

    PubMed Central

    Copelan, Alexander; Chehab, Monzer; Cash, Charles; Korman, Howard; Dixit, Purushottam

    2014-01-01

    Ureteroarterial fistula is a rare, potentially life-threatening cause of hematuria characterized by an abnormal channel between a ureter and artery. The rarity of this condition, complexity of predisposing risk factors and intermittence of symptoms may delay or obscure its diagnosis. With a high index of suspicion and careful angiographic evaluation, embarking on this condition is not only possible but sets the stage for curative intervention. We report a case of a ureteroarterial fistula presenting with intermittent hematuria, successfully diagnosed at angiography and managed with endovascular stent graft placement. PMID:25426238

  19. Heavy hematuria requiring cystectomy in a patient with hemophilia A: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Washino, Satoshi; Hirai, Masaru; Kobayashi, Yutaka; Saito, Kimitoshi; Miyagawa, Tomoaki

    2015-08-13

    Hemophilia A is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by a deficiency in factor VIII. Hemophilia A affects 1 in 5,000-10,000 males. Hematuria is frequent in hemophilia. Hematuria in hemophilia is generally considered benign and manageable with conservative therapy; however, severe hematuria requiring surgical therapy has rarely been reported. A 60-year-old male with hemophilia A presented with persistent gross hematuria of unknown cause. He was treated with recombinant factor VIII products, followed by several conservative therapies as follows: clot evacuation by vesicoclysis, continuous bladder irrigation with normal saline, and intravesical instillation of aluminum hydroxide/magnesium hydroxide (Maalox); however, these failed to resolve the hemorrhaging. The patient was offered and consented to cystectomy with an ileal conduit. Intraoperative clotting was normal with the infusion of adequate recombinant factor VIII products and transfusion of fresh-frozen plasma, and the procedure was performed safely. After surgery, the patient had blood in his stool several times. No bleeding site was demonstrated in the colon by colonoscopy and (99m)Technetium-human serum albumin-diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid scintigraphy demonstrated that the extravasation of radioactive isotope was detected at the anal side of terminal ileum but not at the oral side. These findings were suspected to be bleeding from the ileoileal anastomosis. However, the bleeding was managed with recombinant factor VIII products. Cystectomy in hemophilia may be safe, if monitored appropriately. Urinary diversion using the intestine may be avoided because anastomotic hemorrhage may become a problem.

  20. Higher rate of microscopic hematuria in elderly patients who take regular doses of aspirin: Result from AHAP Study

    PubMed Central

    Moudi, Emadouddin; Hosseini, Seyed-Reza; Bijani, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Background: Aspirin is the most widely used drug in medicine for cardiovascular and as recently for its role in cancer prevention. Although the risk of bleeding events increased following regular use of aspirin, little is known about the association of aspirin and hematuria. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of regular aspirin use and microscopic hematuria in elderly. Methods: In this study, we have extracted the data of elderly people who participated in Amirkola Health and Aging Project (AHAP) and taking regular doses of aspirin. The prevalence of microscopic hematuria was compared between the elderly who took aspirin regularly and those who did not take it. Results: A total of 1243 individuals (54.22% males, 45.78% females) were entered in to the study. Two hundred and eighty-four (23%) elderly took regular doses of aspirin. Microscopic hematuria was seen in 305 (24.54%) elderly. The prevalence of microscopic hematuria was 27.27% in regular users of aspirin and 23.72% in non-users of aspirin (P=0.126). The prevalence of microscopic hematuria was significantly higher among the regular users of aspirin compared to non-users in multiple logistic regression analysis (P=0.035, OR=1.40, 95%CI: 1.02-1.92). Conclusion: Taking regular doses of aspirin was accompanied with higher rate of microscopic hematuria in the elderly. PMID:27999646

  1. Higher rate of microscopic hematuria in elderly patients who take regular doses of aspirin: Result from AHAP Study.

    PubMed

    Moudi, Emadouddin; Hosseini, Seyed-Reza; Bijani, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Aspirin is the most widely used drug in medicine for cardiovascular and as recently for its role in cancer prevention. Although the risk of bleeding events increased following regular use of aspirin, little is known about the association of aspirin and hematuria. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of regular aspirin use and microscopic hematuria in elderly. In this study, we have extracted the data of elderly people who participated in Amirkola Health and Aging Project (AHAP) and taking regular doses of aspirin. The prevalence of microscopic hematuria was compared between the elderly who took aspirin regularly and those who did not take it. A total of 1243 individuals (54.22% males, 45.78% females) were entered in to the study. Two hundred and eighty-four (23%) elderly took regular doses of aspirin. Microscopic hematuria was seen in 305 (24.54%) elderly. The prevalence of microscopic hematuria was 27.27% in regular users of aspirin and 23.72% in non-users of aspirin (P=0.126). The prevalence of microscopic hematuria was significantly higher among the regular users of aspirin compared to non-users in multiple logistic regression analysis (P=0.035, OR=1.40, 95%CI: 1.02-1.92). Taking regular doses of aspirin was accompanied with higher rate of microscopic hematuria in the elderly.

  2. Macroscopic Hematuria and a Bladder Mass: Eosinophilic Cystitis in a 7-Year-Old Boy

    PubMed Central

    Runge, Stine Bjerrum; Høyer, Søren; Winding, Louise

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of eosinophilic cystitis in a 7-year-old boy with a history of atopic symptoms, with focus on the radiological findings. He presented with hematuria and dysuria and ultrasonography (US) showed irregular bladder wall thickening resembling a bladder mass. CT urography did not characterize the lesion any further and showed no local or distant spread. Biopsies revealed eosinophilic cystitis, a benign inflammatory condition. We found that US characterized the lesion at least as well as CT and should be the first choice of imaging. When staging is considered before biopsy, MRI should be preferred to CT. There are no specific radiological signs of eosinophilic cystitis. On follow-up, US was a safe, cost-effective imaging modality, but findings should be interpreted in a clinical context. In a child with hematuria and a bladder mass, eosinophilic cystitis is a relevant but rare differential diagnosis, especially when there is a known atopic history. PMID:27340584

  3. Hematuria and decreased kidney function as initial signs of acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia.

    PubMed

    Seo-Mayer, Patricia; Kenney, Barton; McNamara, Joseph; Stein, Jeffrey; Moeckel, Gilbert W

    2010-11-01

    We report the case of a 14-year-old boy who presented with hematuria and decreased kidney function as initial manifestations of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Computed tomography of the abdomen showed extensive retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy and bilateral nephromegaly. The patient's kidney biopsy specimen showed a dense monomorphous interstitial infiltrate of small round blue cells with significant nuclear atypia. Immunohistochemical workup showed positive staining for CD20, CD10, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), consistent with ALL. The patient underwent induction chemotherapy, attained remission 4 weeks after induction, and presently is stable in the consolidation phase of chemotherapy. This is an unusual case of ALL involving both kidneys with initial presenting signs of hematuria and decreased kidney function.

  4. Prevalence of hypertension, obesity, hematuria and proteinuria amongst healthy adolescents living in Western Saudi Arabia

    PubMed Central

    Hothan, Kholoud A.; Alasmari, Bashaer A.; Alkhelaiwi, Omniya K.; Althagafi, Khalid M.; Alkhaldi, Abdulaziz A.; Alfityani, Ahmed K.; Aladawi, Mohannad M.; Sharief, Sara N.; Desoky, Sherif El; Kari, Jameela A.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: To determine the prevalence of hypertension, obesity, hematuria, and proteinuria among healthy adolescents and to determine the associated risk factors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 8 intermediate schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between March 2015 and June 2015. Samples were selected randomly and equal proportions from each school for both genders were ensured. Both blood pressure and body mass index were measured and a brief questionnaire was filled out for the specified studied group. Urine dipstick analysis was carried out for 294 children. A second questionnaire was completed for hypertensive and obese subjects in addition to those with hematuria and proteinuria. Results: A total of 401 children (200 males) with a mean (SD) age of 13.87 (1.27) were included. Hypertension was found in 17.2% with a male to female ratio of 1.4:1. Pre-hypertension was found in 4.2% of our sample with a male to female ratio of 2.1:1. Obesity was found in 19.2% with a male to female ratio of 1.5:1. Obesity was found to be the most significant risk factor for hypertension with a related risk: 2.87, 95% and confidence interval: 1.9-4.3. For urine abnormalities, 10.2% of samples were positive for proteinuria, 17% for hematuria, and 3.1% for both. Conclusion: It was found that there is a positive correlation between the incidence of obesity and hypertension in adolescents. Hematuria and proteinuria were also found to be high. Screening and prevention programs are therefore recommended. PMID:27652364

  5. BRODIFACOUM INDUCES EARLY HEMOGLOBINURIA AND LATE HEMATURIA IN RATS: NOVEL RAPID BIOMARKERS OF POISONING

    PubMed Central

    Ware, Kyle M; Feinstein, Douglas L; Rubinstein, Israel; Weinberg, Guy; Rovin, Brad H; Hebert, Lee; Muni, Navin; Cianciolo, Rachel E.; Satoskar, Anjali A; Nadasdy, Tibor; Brodsky, Sergey V

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Brodifacoum (BDF) is a superwarfarin that is used primarily as a rodenticide. There have been increasing number of reports of human cases of accidental or intentional BDF ingestion with high mortality rate. Its broad availability and high lethality suggest that BDF should be considered a potential chemical threat. Currently, there is no biomarker for early detection of BDF ingestion in humans; patients typically present with severe coagulopathy. Since we demonstrated earlier that warfarin can induce acute kidney injury with hematuria, we tested whether BDF would also lead to change in urinary biomarkers. Material and methods BDF was administered to Sprague Dawley rats via oral gavage. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) was given per os in drinking water 24 hours prior to BDF. Urinalysis was performed at different times after BDF administration. Anticoagulation and serum creatinine levels were analyzed in the blood. Results We observed that within a few hours the animals developed BDF-dose-dependent transient hemoglobinuria, which ceased within 24 hours. This was accompanied by a transient decrease in hematocrit, gross hemolysis and an increase in free hemoglobin in the serum. At later times, animals developed true hematuria with red blood cells in the urine, which was associated with BDF anticoagulation. NAC prevented early hemoglobinuria, but not late hematuria associated with BDF. Conclusions We propose that transient early hemoglobinuria (associated with oxidative stress) with consecutive late hematuria (associated with anticoagulation) are novel biomarkers of BDF poisoning and they can be used in clinical setting or in mass-casualty with BDF to identify poisoned patients. PMID:26111556

  6. Giant prostatic hyperplasia: report of a previously asymptomatic man presenting with gross hematuria and hypovolemic shock.

    PubMed

    Wroclawski, Marcelo Langer; Carneiro, Ariê; Tristão, Rodrigo Alves; Sakuramoto, Paulo Kouiti; Youssef, Jorg Daoud Merched; Lopes Neto, Antonio Correa; Santiago, Lucila Heloísa Simardi; Pompeo, Antonio Carlos Lima

    2015-01-01

    Giant prostatic hyperplasia is a rare condition characterized by very high volume benign prostatic enlargement (>500g). Few cases have been reported so far and most of them are associated with severe lower urinary symptoms. We report the first case of asymptomatic giant prostatic hyperplasia in an elderly man who had a 720g prostate adenoma, sudden gross hematuria and hypovolemic shock. The patient was successfully treated with open transvesical prostatectomy and had an uneventful postoperative recovery.

  7. The diagnostic efficiency of ultrasound guided imaging algorithm in evaluation of patients with hematuria.

    PubMed

    Unsal, Alparslan; Calişkan, Eda Kazak; Erol, Haluk; Karaman, Can Zafer

    2011-07-01

    To assess the efficiency of the following imaging algorithm, including intravenous urography (IVU) or computed tomography urography (CTU) based on ultrasonographic (US) selection, in the radiological management of hematuria. One hundred and forty-one patients with hematuria were prospectively evaluated. Group 1 included 106 cases with normal or nearly normal US result and then they were examined with IVU. Group 2 was composed of the remaining 35 cases which had any urinary tract abnormality, and they were directed to CTU. Radiological results were compared with clinical diagnosis. Ultrasonography and IVU results of 97 cases were congruent in group 1. Eight simple cysts were detected with US and 1 non-obstructing ureter stone was detected with IVU in remaining 9 patients. The only discordant case in clinical comparison was found to have urinary bladder cancer on conventional cystoscopy. Ultrasonography and CTU results were congruent in 30 cases. Additional lesions were detected with CTU (3 ureter stones, 1 ureter TCC, 1 advanced RCC) in remaining 5 patients. Ultrasonography+CTU combination results were all concordant with clinical diagnosis. Except 1 case, radio-clinical agreement was achieved. Cross-sectional imaging modalities are preferred in evaluation of hematuria. CTU is the method of choice; however the limitations preclude using CTU as first line or screening test. Ultrasonography is now being accepted as a first line imaging modality with the increased sensitivity in mass detection compared to IVU. The US guided imaging algorithm can be used effectively in radiological approach to hematuria. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Urogenital cytology and surgical decision making. A differential diagnostic approach to hematuria, stranguria, and prostatomegaly.

    PubMed

    Allen, S W

    1989-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to discuss some of the common diagnostic dilemmas in veterinary medicine that relate to the urogenital tract. The problems include hematuria, stranguria, and prostatomegaly. The diagnostic workup is discussed specifically as it relates to cytologic techniques. Case examples are given to illustrate how the suggested diagnostic plan can be followed. Some of the pitfalls that can be encountered in diagnosing and treating these problems are also addressed.

  9. Giant prostatic hyperplasia: report of a previously asymptomatic man presenting with gross hematuria and hypovolemic shock

    PubMed Central

    Wroclawski, Marcelo Langer; Carneiro, Ariê; Tristão, Rodrigo Alves; Sakuramoto, Paulo Kouiti; Youssef, Jorg Daoud Merched; Lopes, Antonio Correa; Santiago, Lucila Heloísa Simardi; Pompeo, Antonio Carlos Lima

    2015-01-01

    Giant prostatic hyperplasia is a rare condition characterized by very high volume benign prostatic enlargement (>500g). Few cases have been reported so far and most of them are associated with severe lower urinary symptoms. We report the first case of asymptomatic giant prostatic hyperplasia in an elderly man who had a 720g prostate adenoma, sudden gross hematuria and hypovolemic shock. The patient was successfully treated with open transvesical prostatectomy and had an uneventful postoperative recovery. PMID:26132361

  10. Protracted, gross hematuria in sickle cell trait: response to multiple doses of 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin.

    PubMed

    Moudgil, A; Kamil, E S

    1996-04-01

    Gross and microscopic hematuria are well-known complications in patients with sickle cell hemoglobinopathy. Most of these episodes of gross hematuria are self limiting, but rarely may be severe and persistent requiring definitive intervention. Before subjecting these patients to surgical management such as partial or total nephrectomy, several medical therapies of variable benefit have been suggested. We report a patient with sickle cell trait who experienced severe, intractable gross hematuria for 5 months and showed a dramatic response to multiple doses of 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) infusion. The remarkable response observed in this patient suggests that treatment with DDAVP infusion may be considered in patients with unremitting gross hematuria associated with sickle cell trait.

  11. Association Between Use of Antithrombotic Medication and Hematuria-Related Complications.

    PubMed

    Wallis, Christopher J D; Juvet, Tristan; Lee, Yuna; Matta, Rano; Herschorn, Sender; Kodama, Ronald; Kulkarni, Girish S; Satkunasivam, Raj; Geerts, William; McLeod, Anne; Narod, Steven A; Nam, Robert K

    2017-10-03

    Antithrombotic medications are among the most commonly prescribed medications. To characterize rates of hematuria-related complications among patients taking antithrombotic medications. Population-based, retrospective cohort study including all citizens in Ontario, Canada, aged 66 years and older between 2002 and 2014. The final follow-up date was December 31, 2014. Receipt of an oral anticoagulant or antiplatelet medication. Hematuria-related complications, defined as emergency department visit, hospitalization, or a urologic procedure to investigate or manage gross hematuria. Among 2 518 064 patients, 808 897 (mean [SD] age, 72.1 [6.8] years; 428 531 [53%] women) received at least 1 prescription for an antithrombotic agent over the study period. Over a median follow-up of 7.3 years, the rates of hematuria-related complications were 123.95 events per 1000 person-years among patients actively exposed to antithrombotic agents vs 80.17 events per 1000 person-years among patients not exposed to these drugs (difference, 43.8; 95% CI, 43.0-44.6; P < .001, and incidence rate ratio [IRR], 1.44; 95% CI, 1.42-1.46). The rates of complications among exposed vs unexposed patients (80.17 events/1000 person-years) were 105.78 for urologic procedures (difference, 33.5; 95% CI, 32.8-34.3; P < .001, and IRR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.36-1.39), 11.12 for hospitalizations (difference, 5.7; 95% CI, 5.5-5.9; P < .001, and IRR, 2.03; 95% CI, 2.00-2.06), and 7.05 for emergency department visits (difference, 4.5; 95% CI, 4.3-4.7; P < .001, and IRR, 2.80; 95% CI, 2.74-2.86). Compared with patients who were unexposed to thrombotic agents, the rates of hematuria-related complications were 191.61 events per 1000 person-years (difference, 117.3; 95% CI, 112.8-121.8) for those exposed to both an anticoagulant and antiplatelet agent (IRR, 10.48; 95% CI, 8.16-13.45), 140.92 (difference, 57.7; 95% CI, 56.9-58.4) for those exposed to anticoagulants (IRR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.52-1.59), and

  12. Characteristics and significant predictors of detecting underlying diseases in adults with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria: a large case series of a Korean population.

    PubMed

    Kang, Minyong; Lee, Sangchul; Jeong, Seong Jin; Hong, Sung Kyu; Byun, Seok-Soo; Lee, Sang Eun; Jeong, Chang Wook

    2015-04-01

    To provide detailed characteristics of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria, as well as to identify the significant predictors of detecting underlying diseases of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria, by evaluating a large Korean population. We obtained data from healthy adults over the age of 20 years who underwent the health-screening program from 2005 to 2010 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, resulting in 56,632 participants included in the analysis. Patients who had microscopic hematuria (five red blood cells/high-power field) were referred to a urological outpatient clinic for further urological evaluation. An underlying disease of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria was predefined as a urinary stone, renal mass, urothelial cancer or other relevant lesions. At the initial urinalysis, 6.2% (3517/56,632) were diagnosed with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria. Of these, 1619 participants underwent repeat urinalysis within 1 year after screening, and 911 (56.3%) participants were detected with microscopic hematuria again. We identified 131 lesions (3.7%) as underlying diseases for asymptomatic microscopic hematuria, with urinary stone as the most common cause. Just six lesions were malignant: three renal cell carcinomas and three bladder cancers. Male sex and diabetes mellitus were significant predictors for detection of underlying diseases of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria. Herein we report the largest screening case series of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria including approximately 60,000 asymptomatic participants studied at a single institution. These findings provide clinical practice information for the management of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in adults. © 2015 The Japanese Urological Association.

  13. Association between arsenic exposure from drinking water and hematuria: Results from the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study

    SciTech Connect

    McClintock, Tyler R.; Chen, Yu; Parvez, Faruque; Makarov, Danil V.; Ge, Wenzhen; Islam, Tariqul; Ahmed, Alauddin; Rakibuz-Zaman, Muhammad; Hasan, Rabiul; Sarwar, Golam; Slavkovich, Vesna; Bjurlin, Marc A.; Graziano, Joseph H.; and others

    2014-04-01

    Arsenic (As) exposure has been associated with both urologic malignancy and renal dysfunction; however, its association with hematuria is unknown. We evaluated the association between drinking water As exposure and hematuria in 7843 men enrolled in the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS). Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data was conducted with As exposure assessed in both well water and urinary As measurements, while hematuria was measured using urine dipstick. Prospective analyses with Cox proportional regression models were based on urinary As and dipstick measurements obtained biannually since baseline up to six years. At baseline, urinary As was significantly related to prevalence of hematuria (P-trend < 0.01), with increasing quintiles of exposure corresponding with respective prevalence odds ratios of 1.00 (reference), 1.29 (95% CI: 1.04–1.59), 1.41 (95% CI: 1.15–1.74), 1.46 (95% CI: 1.19–1.79), and 1.56 (95% CI: 1.27–1.91). Compared to those with relatively little absolute urinary As change during follow-up (− 10.40 to 41.17 μg/l), hazard ratios for hematuria were 0.99 (95% CI: 0.80–1.22) and 0.80 (95% CI: 0.65–0.99) for those whose urinary As decreased by > 47.49 μg/l and 10.87 to 47.49 μg/l since last visit, respectively, and 1.17 (95% CI: 0.94–1.45) and 1.36 (95% CI: 1.10–1.66) for those with between-visit increases of 10.40 to 41.17 μg/l and > 41.17 μg/l, respectively. These data indicate a positive association of As exposure with both prevalence and incidence of dipstick hematuria. This exposure effect appears modifiable by relatively short-term changes in drinking water As. - Highlights: • Hematuria is the most common symptom of urinary tract disease. • Arsenic exposure is associated with renal dysfunction and urologic malignancy. • Water arsenic was positively associated with prevalence and incidence of hematuria. • Reduction in exposure lowered hematuria risk especially in low-to-moderate exposed

  14. Should the presence of a culture positive urinary tract infection exclude patients from rapid evaluation hematuria protocols?

    PubMed

    Vasdev, Nikhil; Thorpe, Andrew C

    2013-08-01

    Current rapid evaluation protocols for patients with hematuria tend to exclude those with urinary tract infection since this is assumed to be evidence of a benign treatable cause. The likelihood of a urinary tract cancer in such patients is, however, uncertain, and we have therefore analyzed a prospective hematuria clinic database to determine risk. A total of 1,740 patients were enrolled prospectively in this study at our unit's one stop fast track hematuria clinic between April 2003 and March 2006. Evaluation of patients consisted of basic demographics, history and examination, urinalysis, urine culture, urine cytology, and serum creatinine. All patients then underwent a renal ultrasound, intravenous urogram, and cystoscopy. A total of 1,067 males and 673 females with a mean (range) age of 60.8 (16-96) years were included in the study. One hundred sixty-one patients had a positive mid-stream urine (MSU) on a specimen collected at the hematuria clinic. Amongst this group 20% (32) patients had a urologic malignancy diagnosed, of whom 12% (4) had metastatic disease at presentation. Only 1% (3) of patients had a urologic malignancy with a previous history of a treated urinary tract infection (UTI) and negative MSU at the clinic. The risk of urologic malignancy was 24% (303) in the remaining 1,249 patients with no history of a UTI prior to presentation and a negative MSU on a specimen collected at the one stop fast track hematuria clinic. Despite selection bias inherent in this analysis, it appears that the presence of UTI does not decrease the likelihood of having a urologic malignancy diagnosed. Hence, there is no indication to delay prompt evaluation in patients with hematuria and a positive urine culture collected at the hematuria clinic. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Gastrocystoplasty and Hematuria-dysuria Syndrome. What Role Plays Helicobacter Pylori? Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Aponte, Hernán A.; Clavijo, Rafael A.; Quiroz, Yesica J.; Dallos, Diego F.; Ruiz, William N.; Ramirez-Troche, Nelson E.; Martin, Oscar Dario

    2015-01-01

    49 years male, who comes to the urology department, complaining of 8 months of lower abdominal pain, burning and oppressive type, of variable intensity reaching 9/10, which is occasionally exacerbated by urination, associated with intermittent gross hematuria, dysuria, refers no fever at any time. Patient with past medical history of bladder and right kidney Tuberculosis (TBC) 25 years ago, treated with a simple right nephrectomy and bladder augmentation with antrum segment of stomach, for low bladder capacity. Never showed any symptom during those 25 years lapsing time PMID:26793505

  16. [48-year-old female patient with Crohn's disease and new hematuria and proteinuria].

    PubMed

    Kündiger, T; Wirths, K; Wegjan, E; Zöpf, T

    2011-08-01

    We report on a 48-year-old patient with Crohn's disease and left abdominal pain, who presented with hematuria and proteinuria. As reason we found a left renal vein thrombosis. This diagnosis was based on magnetic resonance imaging and doppler ultrasound. The incidence of thrombembolic complications in patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease is increased, however renal vein thrombosis is a very rare complication of Crohn's disease. We started a conservative treatment with phenprocoumon. Thereafter the patient remained asymptomatic and the thrombus dissipated during follow-up.

  17. Renal biopsy findings and clinical indicators of patients with hematuria without overt proteinuria.

    PubMed

    Hoshino, Yoshie; Kaga, Toshie; Abe, Yasutomo; Endo, Mariko; Wakai, Sachiko; Tsuchiya, Ken; Nitta, Kosaku

    2015-10-01

    Whether to perform a renal biopsy for isolated hematuria remains a matter of controversy. We performed renal biopsy in hematuria without overt proteinuria patients and reported the proportion of glomerulonephritis, pathological activities, and statistical analysis of indicators associated with glomerulonephritis. Among 203 patients who underwent renal biopsy in Okubo Hospital, Japan, between January 2008 and October 2013, we identified 56 patients who fulfilled the criteria: (1) urine dipstick examination shows equal to or greater than ± blood on three or more visits, (2) proteinuria <0.3 g/day (g/g Cr), (3) eGFR ≧60 ml/min/1.73 m(2), and (4) no current medication for renal disease. We investigated biopsy findings and compared the clinical indicators in the IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and non-IgAN group. The pathological diagnosis was IgAN in 35 cases (62 %), thin basement membrane disease (TBMD) in 7 (13 %), minor glomerular abnormality (MGA) in 6 (11 %), glomerular basement membrane (GBM) abnormality in 5 (9 %), and others in 3 (5 %). The histological grade of IgAN was I in 90 % and II in 10; 31 % of patients had some crescentic lesions. Comparisons between the IgAN and non-IgAN group revealed significant differences in age of onset (26 ± 13 vs. 34 ± 17 years, p = 0.04), serum IgA (340 ± 114 vs. 220 ± 101 mg/dl, p < 0.01), proteinuria (0.08 [0-0.25] vs. 0 [0-0.23] g/day [g/gCr], p < 0.01), and the presence of poikilocytes (40 vs. 10 %, p = 0.02). The proportion of IgAN in hematuria without overt proteinuria was high and the pathological activities were variable. Patients with hematuria without overt proteinuria should continue their medical follow-up and the best timing of biopsy may be controversial for these patients who have multiple risk factors of IgAN.

  18. Computed tomography-urography for upper urinary tract imaging: is it required for all patients who present with hematuria?

    PubMed

    Cauberg, Evelyne C C; Nio, C Y; de la Rosette, Jean M C H; Laguna, M Pilar; de Reijke, Theo M

    2011-11-01

    To define in which patients who present with microscopic or macroscopic hematuria CT urography (CTU) is indicated as an imaging mode for the upper urinary tract (UUT). We conducted a prospective study on consecutive patients who attended a modern protocol-driven hematuria clinic from January 2006 to February 2010. Standard tests (history taking, physical examination, urinalysis via dipstick method, ultrasonography of kidneys and bladder performed by urologists, cystoscopy, and cytology) were directed to all patients, whereas the mode of additional UUT imaging (ultrasonography by a radiologist or four-phase CTU/magnetic resonance (MR) urography (MRU) when CTU was contraindicated) was selected according to a risk factor-based management algorithm. The added value of cross-sectional urography (CTU/MRU) supplementary to ultrasonography (by urologists) to detect renal masses, UUT tumors, and stones was assessed. Univariate and multivariate analysis on predictive factors for cross-sectional urography result were performed. From the total of 841 patients, lesions that might account for hematuria could not be identified in 462 (54.9%), whereas in 250 (29.7%) and 124 (14.7%) patients, hematuria was from benign and malignant disease, respectively. Cross-sectional urography revealed relevant UUT lesions in 73 of 525 (13.9%) patients. Only result of ultrasonography (odds ratio [OR] 7.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.0-14.9), P<0.001) and type of hematuria (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.3-5.1, P=0.01) were significant predictors for cross-sectional urography result. In 44 of 456 (9.6%) patients with no abnormalities on ultrasonography, CTU/MRU revealed that these were false negatives, with most lesions missed being stones. In 253 of 309 (81.9%) patients with macroscopic hematuria, no lesions were detected in the UUT on CTU/MRU, in contrast to 199 of 216 patients (92.1%) with microscopic hematuria. For patients who present with microscopic hematuria, ultrasonography is sufficient to exclude

  19. [Psychogenic purpura with hematuria and sexual pain disorder: a case report].

    PubMed

    Ozyildirim, Ilker; Yücel, Başak; Aktan, Melih

    2010-01-01

    Psychogenic purpura (Gardner-Diamond syndrome) is the occurrence and spontaneous recurrence of painful ecchymosis following emotional stress and minor trauma. Although the exact mechanism of this syndrome remains unknown, apart from skin lesions, different types of hemorrhaging have been reported, such as epistaxis, gastrointestinal bleeding, and bleeding from the ear canals and eyes. We report a psychogenic purpura case that presented with hematuria in addition to skin lesions. Based on the psychiatric evaluation she was diagnosed with major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Additionally, sexual pain disorder accompanied these disorders. With the help of antidepressant and supportive psychotherapy, the patient's ecchymosis and bleeding disappeared. During 8 months of follow-up the symptoms did not return. Vaginismus has not been reported in patients with psychogenic purpura. The presence of vaginismus, which is seen more frequently in eastern cultures and is thought to be related to sociocultural determinants, suggests that some cultural factors may be common to both psychogenic purpura and vaginismus. The aim of this case report was to call attention to a syndrome that is rarely seen and diagnosed, and to discuss its relationship to psychosocial factors. This syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of not only ecchymotic lesions, but also various types of bleeding, including hematuria. Despite the fact that its etiology and treatment are not clearly understood, it should be noted that psychological factors play a role in this disease and therefore, psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic approaches can be effective.

  20. Investigation of the relationship between idiopathic microscopic hematuria (in the first and second trimesters) and major adverse outcomes of pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Shahraki, Azar Danesh; Bardeh, Mahboobeh Esteki; Najarzadegan, Mohammad Reza

    2016-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between idiopathic microscopic hematuria (in the first and second trimesters) and major adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Materials and Methods: Urinalysis was done for 700 pregnant women before 24 weeks of pregnancy. Those who had 3–5 red blood cells per milliliter in urinalysis were considered positive urinalysis. Then, all individuals were examined for blood pressure and other alarm signs of pregnancy complications in each visit. All mothers were followed for the incidence of preeclampsia, preterm delivery, and pregnancy outcome until the end of pregnancy. Results: The results of this study showed that no significant difference in terms of incident of pregnancy complications between the pregnant women with and without hematuria and the only abortions and neonatal deaths differed between the two groups. Conclusion: These results suggest that further studies are needed to determine whether idiopathic microscopic hematuria can be a predictive value for pregnancy complications or not. PMID:28028526

  1. Ureteroarterial fistula: a rare cause of hematuria managed in the cardiac cath lab.

    PubMed

    Pappy, Reji; Abu-Fadel, Mazen; Hennebry, Thomas

    2008-05-01

    Ureteroarterial fistulae (UAFs) are rare but potentially life-threatening entities that require a high degree of suspicion for diagnosis followed by prompt intervention. This case report describes the successful management of the oldest woman to-date presenting with intermittent hematuria, secondary to a fistula between the ureter and internal iliac artery, which was subsequently resolved by coil embolization. Morbidity and mortality associated with UAFs can be decreased by increasing awareness of this rare but fatal complication. Our review of the medical literature indicates that this is the oldest woman reported to have developed a UAF after radiation therapy and chronic ureteral stent exchange, as well as the first reported management of a UAF by interventional cardiologists.

  2. CT evaluation of the upper urinary tract in adults younger than 50 years with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria: is IV contrast enhancement needed?

    PubMed

    Lisanti, Christopher J; Toffoli, Thomas J; Stringer, Matthew T; DeWitt, Robert M; Schwope, Ryan B

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare CT urography (CTU) with unenhanced CT in the evaluation of upper urinary tracts in adults younger than 50 years with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria. In this study, 1516 CTU examinations were reviewed in adults younger than 50 years. Inclusion criteria were no significant prior urologic disease and asymptomatic microscopic hematuria with at least one urinalysis with greater than or equal to 3 RBCs/high-power field and less than or equal to 50 RBCs/high-power field. Upper urinary tract findings on CTU were classified as malignancy-related or non-malignancy-related hematuria and incidental non-hematuria-related findings. A blinded radiologist reviewed the unenhanced images, recording upper urinary tract findings and recommendations for further contrast-enhanced imaging. The modified Wald equation at a 95% CI, the "Rule of Threes" equation, and binomial distribution were used for malignancy-related findings. Four hundred forty-five examinations in 442 patients met inclusion criteria. CTU reports showed zero malignancy-related hematuria findings, 64 non-malignancy-related hematuria findings (62 renal calculi and two others), and 138 incidental non-hematuria-related findings. Unenhanced CT interpretation had a sensitivity of 100% (64/64) and a specificity of 89.2% (337/378). The theoretic risk of an upper urinary tract malignancy is 0-1.1%. CTU added no additional diagnostic benefit versus unenhanced CT in evaluating the upper urinary tracts of adults younger than 50 years with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria. Using only unenhanced CT can reduce radiation and minimize contrast agent-associated risk, with a less than 1.0% risk of missing upper urinary tract hematuria-related malignancy.

  3. Association between arsenic exposure from drinking water and hematuria: results from the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study

    PubMed Central

    McClintock, Tyler R.; Chen, Yu; Parvez, Faruque; Makarov, Danil V.; Ge, Wenzhen; Islam, Tariqul; Ahmed, Alauddin; Rakibuz-Zaman, Muhammad; Hasan, Rabiul; Sarwar, Golam; Slavkovich, Vesna; Bjurlin, Marc A.; Graziano, Joseph H.; Ahsan, Habibul

    2014-01-01

    Arsenic (As) exposure has been associated with both urologic malignancy and renal dysfunction; however, its association with hematuria is unknown. We evaluated the association between drinking water As exposure and hematuria in 7,843 men enrolled in the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS). Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data was conducted with As exposure assessed in both well water and urinary As measurements, while hematuria was measured using urine dipstick. Prospective analyses with Cox proportional regression models were based on urinary As and dipstick measurements obtained biannually since baseline up to six years. At baseline, urinary As was significantly related to prevalence of hematuria (P-trend < 0.01), with increasing quintiles of exposure corresponding with respective prevalence odds ratios of 1.00 (reference), 1.29 (95% CI: 1.04–1.59), 1.41 (95% CI: 1.15–1.74), 1.46 (95% CI: 1.19–1.79), and 1.56 (95% CI: 1.27–1.91). Compared to those with relatively little absolute urinary As change during follow-up (−10.40 to 41.17 μg/l), hazard ratios for hematuria were 0.99 (95% CI: 0.80–1.22) and 0.80 (95% CI: 0.65–0.99) for those whose urinary As decreased by >47.49 μg/l and 10.87 to 47.49 μg/l since last visit, respectively, and 1.17 (95% CI: 0.94–1.45) and 1.36 (95% CI: 1.10–1.66) for those with between-visit increases of 10.40 to 41.17 μg/l and >41.17 μg/l, respectively. These data indicate a positive association of As exposure with both prevalence and incidence of dipstick hematuria. This exposure effect appears modifiable by short-term changes in drinking water As. PMID:24486435

  4. Association between arsenic exposure from drinking water and hematuria: results from the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study.

    PubMed

    McClintock, Tyler R; Chen, Yu; Parvez, Faruque; Makarov, Danil V; Ge, Wenzhen; Islam, Tariqul; Ahmed, Alauddin; Rakibuz-Zaman, Muhammad; Hasan, Rabiul; Sarwar, Golam; Slavkovich, Vesna; Bjurlin, Marc A; Graziano, Joseph H; Ahsan, Habibul

    2014-04-01

    Arsenic (As) exposure has been associated with both urologic malignancy and renal dysfunction; however, its association with hematuria is unknown. We evaluated the association between drinking water As exposure and hematuria in 7843 men enrolled in the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS). Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data was conducted with As exposure assessed in both well water and urinary As measurements, while hematuria was measured using urine dipstick. Prospective analyses with Cox proportional regression models were based on urinary As and dipstick measurements obtained biannually since baseline up to six years. At baseline, urinary As was significantly related to prevalence of hematuria (P-trend<0.01), with increasing quintiles of exposure corresponding with respective prevalence odds ratios of 1.00 (reference), 1.29 (95% CI: 1.04-1.59), 1.41 (95% CI: 1.15-1.74), 1.46 (95% CI: 1.19-1.79), and 1.56 (95% CI: 1.27-1.91). Compared to those with relatively little absolute urinary As change during follow-up (-10.40 to 41.17 μg/l), hazard ratios for hematuria were 0.99 (95% CI: 0.80-1.22) and 0.80 (95% CI: 0.65-0.99) for those whose urinary As decreased by >47.49 μg/l and 10.87 to 47.49 μg/l since last visit, respectively, and 1.17 (95% CI: 0.94-1.45) and 1.36 (95% CI: 1.10-1.66) for those with between-visit increases of 10.40 to 41.17 μg/l and >41.17 μg/l, respectively. These data indicate a positive association of As exposure with both prevalence and incidence of dipstick hematuria. This exposure effect appears modifiable by relatively short-term changes in drinking water As. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Hematuria and rectal bleeding in the child with Klippel and Trenaunay syndrome.

    PubMed Central

    Servelle, M; Bastin, R; Loygue, J; Montagnani, A; Bacour, F; Soulie, J; Andrieux, J B

    1976-01-01

    We have operated upon 588 patients with Klippel and Trenaunay syndrome. The underlying factor is a congenital malformation of the deep veins: agenesis, atresia or compression by fibrovascular bands of the popliteal, femoral or iliac veins. Of these 588 patients, 6 children between 15 months and 4 years of age had severe rectal bleeding and hematuria. One of these children died from massive bleeding of the rectum with septicemia. Another boy was saved by rectal resection and the last one by subtotal cystectomy. The important venogram shows an absence of the anterior venous pathway (superficial femoral vein) compensated by the abnormal development of 2 venous groups, the vein of the sciatic nerve and large veins along the external aspect of the inferior limb. These 2 venous groups penetrate into the pelvis by the sciatic and gluteal notches and terminate in the internal iliac vein which becomes enormous and has a very high flow. This overflow hinders drainage of the venous collateral from the rectum, the bladder and the vagina. The retro adductor vein, prolongated by the deep femoral vein, represents an anastomosis between the sciatic nerve vein and the common femoral vein. The surgeon must try to widen this pathway. Images Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. Fig. 5. Fig. 6. Fig. 8. Fig. 9. Fig. 10. Fig. 11. Fig. 12. Fig. 13. Fig. 14. PMID:178278

  6. Histopathologic Findings of Potential Kidney Donors With Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria: Impact on Donation.

    PubMed

    Hassan, E A; Ali, T Z; Abdulbaki, A; Ibrahim, I A; Almanae, H M; Aleid, H A

    2017-10-01

    Isolated microscopic hematuria (IMH) is not uncommon in potential kidney donors. The aim was to study the kidney biopsy findings of potential kidney donors with IMH and the impact of the histopathologic diagnoses on the decision to accept or decline such donors from kidney donation. In this retrospective study, all the potential kidney donors with IMH were identified from the medical records of patients who underwent kidney biopsies between January 2010 and December 2016. Forty-five such individuals were identified. The mean age of these potential donors was 32.6 years and 76% were male. All of them had normal blood pressure and no significant proteinuria. Seventeen (38%) biopsies showed histopathologic abnormalities; thin basement membrane disease (n = 13; 28%) was the most common cause followed by immunoglobulin (Ig)A nephropathy (n = 4; 9%). Donors with abnormal biopsy findings were excluded from donation. However, 62% of the potential donors had normal kidney biopsy findings and were accepted for kidney donation. IMH justifies extensive work-up including kidney biopsy to identify donors who may have underlying significant glomerular pathology excluding them from kidney donation. On the other hand, kidney biopsy also helps in accepting the donors if it does not show significant abnormality. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Plasma and urine DNA levels are related to microscopic hematuria in patients with bladder urothelial carcinoma.

    PubMed

    de Almeida, Eduardo Ferreira Pedroso; Abdalla, Tomás Elias; Arrym, Tiago Pedromonico; de Oliveira Delgado, Pamela; Wroclawski, Marcelo Langer; da Costa Aguiar Alves, Beatriz; de S Gehrke, Flávia; Azzalis, Ligia Ajaime; Alves, Sarah; Tobias-Machado, Marcos; de Lima Pompeo, Antonio Carlos; Fonseca, Fernando Luiz Affonso

    2016-11-01

    a) Objective: An increase in cell-free DNA was observed in the plasma of many cancer patients. This major biomarker can be used to differentiate patients with malignant neoplasms from those with benign neoplasms or healthy patients. Depending on the characteristic of the tumor, there are qualitative variations in the circulating cell-free DNA. Today, studies on the concentration of fragments of circulating cell-free DNA and their respective sizes in patients with bladder cancer are not plentiful in the literature. A 100% effective plasma tumor marker, which would help in the diagnosis and follow-up of bladder cancer, is yet to be developed; therefore, cell-free DNA levels in the plasma may represent a valuable biomarker for the diagnosis, prognosis and follow-up of patients with this type of tumor. b) Design and methods: In this study we analyze the kinetics of plasma and urine DNA concentrations in patients with bladder cancer, relating them to the other clinical laboratory variables. c) Results: Patients with hematuria showed a positive correlation with urine DNA. d) Conclusion: An increase in plasma and urine DNA was unprecedentedly reported over time, a fact that may come in handy in the prognosis of patients. Furthermore, microscopic haematuria is correlated with plasma and urinary DNA levels.

  8. Evidence that NPHS2-R229Q predisposes to proteinuria and renal failure in familial hematuria.

    PubMed

    Voskarides, Konstantinos; Arsali, Maria; Athanasiou, Yiannis; Elia, Avraam; Pierides, Alkis; Deltas, Constantinos

    2012-04-01

    Familial hematuria (FH) is associated with at least two pathological entities: thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN), caused by heterozygous COL4A3/COL4A4 mutations, and C3 nephropathy caused by CFHR5 mutations. It is now known that TBMN patients develop proteinuria and changes of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis when biopsied. End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is observed in 20% of carriers, at ages 50-70. A similar progression is observed in CFHR5 nephropathy. Recent evidence suggests that NPHS2-R229Q, a podocin polymorphism, may contribute to proteinuria in TBMN and to micro-albuminuria in the general population. NPHS2-R229Q was screened in a Cypriot FH cohort. 102 TBMN patients with three known COL4 mutations and 45 CFHR5 male patients with a single mutation were categorized as "Mild" or "Severe", based on the presence of microhematuria only, or proteinuria and chronic kidney disease. Nine R229Q carriers were found in the "Severe" category and none in the "Mild" (p=0.010 for genotypic association; p=0.043 for allelic association, adjusted for patients' relatedness), thus supporting the possible contribution of 229Q allele in disease progress. Our results offer more evidence that in patients with FH, NPHS2-R229Q predisposes to proteinuria and ESKD. R229Q may be a good prognostic marker for young hematuric patients.

  9. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of renal pelvis presenting with iterative hematuria and abdominal pain: A case report

    PubMed Central

    WU, SHUIQING; XU, RAN; ZHAO, HUASHENG; ZHU, XUAN; ZHANG, LEI; ZHAO, XIAOKUN

    2015-01-01

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare type of mesenchymal tumor, which may affect various organs. The preferential site for IMT in the genitourinary system is the urinary bladder, while the presence of IMT in the kidney, and particularly in the renal pelvis, is rare. In the present report, the case of a 43-year-old man who was admitted to the Department of Urology of The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (Changsha, China) in July 2012, with complaints of iterative gross hematuria and abdominal pain unresponsive to antibiotics is described. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging indicated a slightly enhanced mass in the left renal pelvis of 1.5 cm in diameter. On request of the patient, a left nephrectomy was then performed, based on a suspected diagnosis of renal pelvic carcinoma. However, analysis of the intraoperative fast-frozen section exhibited proliferation of compact spindle cells, suggesting IMT. Therefore, further ureterectomy was avoided, and the patient remained in healthy condition thereafter. PMID:26788220

  10. A report of renal artery embolization for hematuria facilitating neoadjuvant chemotherapy in an unresectable malignant renal rhabdoid tumor.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Ruchika; Kitchen, Brenda J; Mody, Rajen; Chamdin, Aghiad; Bruch, Steven; Jasty, Rama

    2013-05-01

    Malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) of the kidney is a rare pediatric tumor characterized by its aggressive nature and chemoresistance. Our patient had MRT of the right kidney with tumor thrombus in the renal vein, inferior vena cava, and right atrium. He developed transfusion-resistant hematuria. This was successfully controlled with right renal artery embolization allowing completion of his neoadjuvant chemotherapy. He then underwent complete resection of the tumor and thrombus avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass.

  11. Effects of lateral funiculus sparing, spinal lesion level, and gender on recovery of bladder voiding reflexes and hematuria in rats.

    PubMed

    Ferrero, Sunny L; Brady, Tiffany D; Dugan, Victoria P; Armstrong, James E; Hubscher, Charles H; Johnson, Richard D

    2015-02-01

    Deficits in bladder function are complications following spinal cord injury (SCI), severely affecting quality of life. Normal voiding function requires coordinated contraction of bladder and urethral sphincter muscles dependent upon intact lumbosacral reflex arcs and integration of descending and ascending spinal pathways. We previously reported, in electrophysiological recordings, that segmental reflex circuit neurons in anesthetized male rats were modulated by a bilateral spino-bulbo-spinal pathway in the mid-thoracic lateral funiculus. In the present study, behavioral measures of bladder voiding reflexes and hematuria (hemorrhagic cystitis) were obtained to assess the correlation of plasticity-dependent recovery to the degree of lateral funiculus sparing and mid-thoracic lesion level. Adult rats received mid-thoracic-level lesions at one of the following severities: complete spinal transection; bilateral dorsal column lesion; unilateral hemisection; bilateral dorsal hemisection; a bilateral lesion of the lateral funiculi and dorsal columns; or a severe contusion. Voiding function and hematuria were evaluated by determining whether the bladder was areflexic (requiring manual expression, i.e., "crede maneuver"), reflexive (voiding initiated by perineal stroking), or "automatic" (spontaneous voiding without caretaker assistance). Rats with one or both lateral funiculi spared (i.e., bilateral dorsal column lesion or unilateral hemisection) recovered significantly faster than animals with bilateral lateral funiculus lesions, severe contusion, or complete transection. Bladder reflex recovery time was significantly slower the closer a transection lesion was to T10, suggesting that proximity to the segmental sensory and sympathetic innervation of the upper urinary tract (kidney, ureter) should be avoided in the choice of lesion level for SCI studies of micturition pathways. In addition, hematuria duration was significantly longer in males, compared to females, despite

  12. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding, hematuria and splenic hemangiomas in Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Kocaman, Orhan; Alponat, Ahmet; Aygün, Cem; Gürbüz, Yeşim; Sarisoy, H Tahsin; Celebi, Altay; Sentürk, Omer; Hülagü, Sadettin

    2009-03-01

    Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome is a congenital vascular anomaly characterized by a triad of varicose veins, cutaneous capillary malformation, and hypertrophy of bone and soft tissue. Gastrointestinal and genitourinary vascular malformations in Klippel- Trenaunay syndrome may present with lower gastrointestinal bleeding and hematuria. The majority of patients with splenic hemangiomatosis are asymptomatic. We herein report a case admitted to the Gastroenterology Clinic with life-threatening hematochezia and symptomatic iron deficiency anemia. The patient's history was remarkable for subtotal cystectomy and enterocystoplasty in December 2002 for vascular malformation, located in the bladder, which presented with hematuria. Although the patient was also diagnosed with colonic varices and splenic hemangiomas at that time, due to the asymptomatic mild intermittent hematochezia and splenic hemangiomas, the patient did not seek any help for rectal bleeding until her admittance to our department for evaluation of massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy revealed vascular malformations starting from the transitional zone in the rectum extending up to the descending colon. Due to this extensive involvement of the rectum and sigmoid colon, no interventional endoscopic procedure was attempted and she was referred to surgery. A very low anterior resection with double stapling technique was done. Postoperative follow-up has been uneventful for six months since the operation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome case presenting with lower gastrointestinal bleeding, hematuria and splenic hemangiomas. The literature on the evaluation and management of lower gastrointestinal and genitourinary bleeding in Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome is reviewed.

  13. Cost-effectiveness of Common Diagnostic Approaches for Evaluation of Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria.

    PubMed

    Halpern, Joshua A; Chughtai, Bilal; Ghomrawi, Hassan

    2017-06-01

    Asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (AMH) is highly prevalent and may signal occult genitourinary (GU) malignant abnormality. Common diagnostic approaches differ in their costs and effectiveness in detecting cancer. Given the low prevalence of GU malignant abnormality among patients with AMH, it is important to quantify the cost implications of detecting cancer for each approach. To estimate the effectiveness, costs, and incremental cost per cancer detected (ICCD) for 4 common diagnostic approaches evaluating AMH. A decision-analytic model-based cost-effectiveness analysis using inputs from the medical literature. PubMed searches were performed to identify relevant literature for all key model inputs, each of which was derived from the clinical study with the most robust data and greatest applicability. Analysis included adult patients with AMH on routine urinalysis with subgroups of high-risk patients (males, smokers, age ≥50 years) seen in the primary care or urologic referral setting. Four diagnostic approaches were evaluated relative to the reference case of no evaluation: (1) computed tomography (CT) alone; (2) cystoscopy alone; (3) CT and cystoscopy combined; and (4) renal ultrasound and cystoscopy combined. At termination of the diagnostic period, cancers detected, costs (payer perspective), and ICCD per 10 000 patients evaluated for AMH. Of the 4 diagnostic approaches analyzed, CT alone was dominated by all other strategies, detecting 221 cancers at a cost of $9 300 000. Ultrasound and cystoscopy detected 245 cancers and was most cost-effective with an ICCD of $53 810. Replacing ultrasound with CT detected just 1 additional cancer at an ICCD of $6 480 484. Ultrasound and cystoscopy remained the most cost-effective approach in subgroup analysis. The model was not sensitive to any inputs within the proposed ranges. Using probabilistic sensitivity analysis, ultrasound and cystoscopy was the dominant strategy in 100% of simulations. The combination

  14. Detection of Ptaquilosides in different phenologic stages of Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum) and analysis of milk samples in farms with hematuria in Tolima, Colombia

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Bracken fern or “Helecho Macho” (Pteridium aquilinum) is one of the most common weeds in the meadows of the mountain ranges of Colombia. Consumption of this palatable plant by bovines causes a disease known as bovine enzootic hematuria and esophageal neoplasia. The toxic effect of the plant in bovin...

  15. IgA1 Protease Treatment Reverses Mesangial Deposits and Hematuria in a Model of IgA Nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Lechner, Sebastian M; Abbad, Lilia; Boedec, Erwan; Papista, Christina; Le Stang, Marie-Bénédicte; Moal, Christelle; Maillard, Julien; Jamin, Agnès; Bex-Coudrat, Julie; Wang, Yong; Li, Aiqun; Martini, Paolo G V; Monteiro, Renato C; Berthelot, Laureline

    2016-09-01

    IgA nephropathy (IgAN), characterized by mesangial IgA1 deposits, is a leading cause of renal failure worldwide. IgAN pathogenesis involves circulating hypogalactosylated IgA1 complexed with soluble IgA Fc receptor I (sCD89) and/or anti-hypogalactosylated-IgA1 autoantibodies, but no specific treatment is available for IgAN. The absence of IgA1 and CD89 homologs in the mouse has precluded in vivo proof-of-concept studies of specific therapies targeting IgA1. However, the α1KI‑CD89Tg mouse model of IgAN, which expresses human IgA1 and human CD89, allows in vivo testing of recombinant IgA1 protease (IgA1‑P), a bacterial protein that selectively cleaves human IgA1. Mice injected with IgA1‑P (1-10 mg/kg) had Fc fragments of IgA1 in both serum and urine, associated with a decrease in IgA1-sCD89 complexes. Levels of mesangial IgA1 deposits and the binding partners of these deposits (sCD89, transferrin receptor, and transglutaminase 2) decreased markedly 1 week after treatment, as did the levels of C3 deposition, CD11b(+) infiltrating cells, and fibronectin. Antiprotease antibodies did not significantly alter IgA1‑P activity. Moreover, hematuria consistently decreased after treatment. In conclusion, IgA1‑P strongly diminishes human IgA1 mesangial deposits and reduces inflammation, fibrosis, and hematuria in a mouse IgAN model, and therefore may be a plausible treatment for patients with IgAN. Copyright © 2016 by the American Society of Nephrology.

  16. The environmental and human effects of ptaquiloside-induced enzootic bovine hematuria: a tumorous disease of cattle.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Rinku; Bhat, Tej K; Sharma, Om P

    2013-01-01

    In this review, we address the major aspects of enzootic bovine hematuria and have placed special emphasis on describing the etiology, human health implications, and advanced molecular diagnosis of the disease.Enzootic bovine hematuria (EBH) is a bovine disease characterized by the intermittent presence of blood in the urine and is caused by malignant lesions in the urinary bladder. This incurable disease is a serious malady in several countries across many continents. Accurate early-stage diagnosis of the disease is possible by applying advanced molecular techniques, e.g., detection of genetic mutations in the urine of cows from endemic areas. Use of such diagnostic approaches may help create an effective therapy against the disease.There is a consensus that EBH is caused primarily by animals consuming bracken fern (P. aquilinum) as they graze. The putative carcinogen in bracken is ptaquiloside(PT), a glycoside. However, other bracken constituents like quercetin, isoquercetin,ptesculentoside, caudatoside, astragalin, and tannins may also be carcinogenic.Studies are needed to identify the role of other metabolites in inducing urinary bladder carcinogenesis.The bovine papilloma virus is also thought to be an associated etiology in causing EBH in cattle. There is growing alarm that these fern toxins and their metabolites reach and contaminate the soil and water environment and that the carcinogen (PT)is transmitted via cow's milk to the human food chain, where it may now pose a threat to human health. An increased incidence of gastric and esophageal cancer has been recorded in humans consuming bracken ferns, and among those living for long periods in areas infested with bracken ferns.Although preliminary therapeutic vaccine trials with inactivated BPV-2 against EBH have been performed, further work is needed to standardize and validate vaccine doses for animals.

  17. Acquired hemophilia presenting as profound hematuria: evaluation, diagnosis, and management of elusive cause of bleeding in the emergency department setting.

    PubMed

    Shander, Aryeh; Walsh, Christopher; Bailey, Heatherlee; Cromwell, Caroline

    2013-07-01

    There are numerous causes of bleeding that may present to the Emergency Department (ED). Although rare, acquired hemophilia is a potentially life-threatening bleeding disorder, with reported mortality rates ranging from 6% to 8% among patients who received proper diagnosis and treatment. Approximately two thirds of patients with this condition will present with major bleeding, the magnitude of which may necessitate urgent evaluation and care. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the evaluation, differential diagnosis, and management of acquired hemophilia for the emergency physician. A case report of a patient who presented to the ED with gross hematuria secondary to undiagnosed acquired hemophilia is described to facilitate a review of the laboratory evaluation, differential diagnosis, and treatment of acquired hemophilia. Patients with acquired hemophilia-related bleeding may present to the ED for care, given the often serious nature of their bleeding. Delayed diagnosis may postpone the initiation of targeted, effective treatments for achieving hemostasis, with potentially catastrophic consequences, particularly in patients who require emergent invasive procedures. Recognition of the potential for an underlying bleeding disorder and subsequent consultation with a hematologist are critical first steps in effectively identifying and managing a patient with acquired hemophilia who presents with bleeding. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Blood in Urine (Hematuria)

    MedlinePlus

    ... the glomeruli of the kidneys. Kidney injury. A blow or other injury to your kidneys from an ... exam. Ultrasound uses a combination of high-frequency sound waves and computer processing to produce images of ...

  19. Molecular analysis of the fragile histidine triad (FHIT) tumor suppressor gene in vesical tumors of cattle with chronic enzootic hematuria (CEH).

    PubMed

    Guidi, E; Uboldi, C; Ferretti, L

    2008-01-01

    The FHIT (fragile histidine triad) gene is a tumor suppressor gene known to be inactivated in many tumors including bladder tumors and is spanning FRA3B, a very active common fragile site in the human genome. We have recently isolated the bovine gene, and the aim of this study was to test whether FHIT presents altered expression patterns in vesical tumors of cattle with CEH (chronic enzootic hematuria). CEH is a common syndrome affecting Mediterranean cattle: clastogenic, mutagenic and cancerogenic substances released by the bracken fern (Pteridium spp) grazed by animals induce the formation of neoplastic lesions, among which bladder tumors have a high incidence. We analysed FHIT in 23 bladder tumors of CEH cattle looking at: 1) the methylation status of the CpG island comprising the promoter and part of exon 1; 2) the presence of altered FHIT transcripts; 3) the mRNA expression levels measured with a quantitative real time PCR (QRT-PCR) approach. Our results suggest that unlike in human tumors, FHIT in vesical tumors of CEH cattle is largely unmethylated. Furthermore, the same mRNA isoforms of FHIT were detected in tumors and in healthy tissues, including a novel isoform that was found in this study. Finally, QRT-PCR data did not reveal significantly altered expression profiles of FHIT transcripts. Further studies and larger sets of cases will be useful to confirm this finding, but the data seem to suggest that epigenetic modifications of FHIT and altered expression profiles are not a hallmark of bovine vesical tumors like they are in human tumors.

  20. Blood in the Urine (Hematuria)

    MedlinePlus

    ... imbalances in the urine, like too much calcium kidney stones kidney diseases taking certain medicines, like some over- ... is a sign of something more serious — like kidney stones or a specific kidney disease — doctors will treat ...

  1. Blood in the Urine (Hematuria) (For Parents)

    MedlinePlus

    ... more common causes are: bladder or kidney infections kidney stones high levels of calcium and other minerals in ... Bladder) Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR) Kidney Diseases in Childhood Kidney Stones Glomerulonephritis High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Recurrent Urinary Tract ...

  2. Unique Presentation of Hematuria in a Patient with Arterioureteral Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Priddy, Erin; Harris, John J.; Poulos, Eric

    2016-01-01

    Active extravasation via an arterioureteral fistula (AUF) is a rare and life-threatening emergency that requires efficient algorithms to save a patient's life. Unfortunately, physicians may not be aware of its presence until the patient is in extremis. An AUF typically develops in a patient with multiple pelvic and aortoiliac vascular surgeries, prior radiation therapy for pelvic tumors, and chronic indwelling ureteral stents. We present a patient with a left internal iliac arterial-ureteral fistula and describe the evolution of management and treatment algorithms based on review of the literature. PMID:27293944

  3. [Mono-symptomatic hematuria: first symptom of metastatic pulmonary carcinoma].

    PubMed

    Di Mauro, A; Lozzi, C; Annoscia, S; Geraci, E; Leva, G; Montefiore, F; Boccafoschi, C

    1991-03-01

    The occurrence of secondary bladder neoplasms is very uncommon, especially when the bladder is the only site of metastasis. The Authors report on one case of bladder metastasis from primary small cell carcinoma of the lung.

  4. [Hematuria, dysuria, pollakiuria and general malaise, in a patient treated with BCG instillations].

    PubMed

    Medina Pérez, M; Sánchez González, M; Espino Montoro, A

    1998-05-01

    To report a case of granulomatous cystitis in a patient receiving bacillus Calmette-Guerin intravesical therapy for urothelial carcinoma in situ. A 58-year-old man undergoing BCG intravesical therapy for urothelial carcinoma in situ presented symptoms of intense cystitis. Cystoscopy was performed and several bladder cold biopsies were obtained. Histopathological analysis demonstrated epithelioid granulomas. Cystitis arising from BCG therapy is defined as drug-induced or BCG-induced cystitis. Intense cystitis and malaise are a serious complication since it is not possible to distinguish patients with a simple uncomplicated local reaction from those who will develop progressive systemic infection. Cystoscopy and biopsy can be helpful in determining the nature of the condition and are recommended.

  5. [Proteus syndrome: Case report of bladder vascular malformation causing massive hematuria].

    PubMed

    Abbo, O; Bouali, O; Galinier, P; Moscovici, J

    2012-02-01

    Proteus syndrome is a rare, sporadic disorder consisting of disproportionate overgrowth of multiple tissues, vascular malformations, and connective tissue or epidermal nevi. Due to mosaic pattern of distribution, the phenotypes are variable and diverse. Vascular malformations are part of the major criteria used to define and diagnose this syndrome. It can involve the gastrointestinal tract, spleen, or the urinary tract but bladder malformations are rare. We report here a case of bladder vascular malformation in a 12-year-old boy known to have Proteus syndrome and review the literature on bladder malformations or tumors in this syndrome. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  6. Dyschromias: A Series of Five Interesting Cases from India

    PubMed Central

    Namitha, Prabhu; Sacchidanand, S

    2015-01-01

    Dyschromatosis is a pigmentary genodermatosis which presents with hyper and hypopigmented skin lesions giving a mottled appearance. It is a rare entity in India reported mainly in the East Asian population. Classically, two forms have been described; dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria (DUH) and dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria. Here we report four cases of DUH and one case of dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria from India. PMID:26677297

  7. Microhematuria after renal transplantation in children.

    PubMed

    Butani, Lavjay; Berg, Gerre; Makker, Sudesh P

    2002-12-01

    The renal transplant (Tx) recipient is at risk for developing various complications including urolithiasis, the only manifestation of which may be hematuria. However, there are no data on the prevalence of microscopic hematuria in renal Tx recipients. The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence of microhematuria in our pediatric Tx patients and to investigate the causes of microhematuria. Records of all pediatric renal Tx recipients followed at our center from September 1999 to September 2000 were retrospectively reviewed; of the 21 patients, seven (33%) had persistent microscopic hematuria that was first noted 2.9 years post-Tx. Patients with and without hematuria had similar baseline characteristics. Only one patient had pre-existing hematuria that continued post-Tx. The etiology of hematuria in the other six patients was: recurrent IgA nephropathy (one patient), CMV nephritis (one patient), and unexplained (four patients). None had renal calculi or hypercalciuria. Three of the four patients with unexplained hematuria have chronic allograft nephropathy, and the fourth (original disease dysplasia) has hypocomplementemia. At their last follow-up, 5.3 years after onset of hematuria, all patients are alive with stable allograft function. In conclusion, microscopic hematuria is not uncommon in pediatric renal Tx recipients. While causes of post-Tx hematuria are diverse, stones are not commonly seen. Whether chronic allograft nephropathy per se can be implicated as a cause of hematuria remains to be determined. Renal biopsies should be considered at the onset of hematuria if proteinuria and/or deterioration in renal function are seen concomitantly, to look for recurrent or de novo glomerulonephritis.

  8. Analysis of Novel Prostate Cancer Biomarkers and their Predictive Utility in an Active Surveillance Protocol

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-01

    urine (hematuria) in adults. UpToDate 19.3. October 14, 2011. Report of Scholarship Peer Reviewed Publications in print or other media: Research...Uro-Oncology. Oxford, UK: Wiley; 2011. p. 68-85. 5. Feldman AS, Hsu C, Kurtz M, Cho KC. Etiology and evaluation of hematuria in adults. In: UpToDate

  9. Dietary Fat and Vitamin E in Prostate Cancer Risk Among African Americans and Africans: A Case-Control Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-01

    in patients with positive biopsy (48ngs/ml), compared to men with negative biopsy (21.4ng/ml). 6(11.5%) developed mild hematuria and/or blood stained...stool, while 1(1.9%) patient with aplastic anemia presented with severe hematuria requiring admission and blood transfusion. 14

  10. Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

    PubMed Central

    Grantham, Jared J.

    2010-01-01

    Shortly after being elbowed in the flank during a pickup basketball game, a 35-year-old healthy man has severe, colicky abdominal pain followed by gross hematuria. He is hospitalized, and a renal ultrasound scan reveals bilateral polycystic kidneys and liver cysts, previously unknown to the patient. The blood pressure is 160/100 mm Hg. The serum creatinine concentration is 0.9 mg per deciliter (80 μmol per liter). The pain subsides in 2 days with analgesics, rest, and fluids; the gross hematuria resolves in 4 days, although microscopic hematuria persists. How should his case be further evaluated and managed? PMID:20009161

  11. Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Bladder: 2 Rare Cases Managed with Laparoscopic Partial Cystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Oliveira, Rita; Ferrito, Fernando; Gomes, Carrasquinho

    2016-01-01

    Two cases of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the bladder are reported here. Both patients were male and presented with macroscopic hematuria; in the first case terminal hematuria was associated with irritative voiding symptoms. The second case was a smoker with hematuria unresponsive to medical treatment and anemia. Clinical presentation, pathological features, treatment, and prognosis are discussed. Due to rarity of this pathological condition, there are no guidelines concerning treatment and follow-up. We present our follow-up scheme and highlight the use of laparoscopic partial cystectomy as a successful treatment approach. PMID:27974989

  12. Bracken fern poisoning

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum) is found throughout the world and enzootic hematuria, bright blindness, and bracken staggers. This chapter reviews the plant, the various poisoning syndrome that it produces, the current strategies to prevent poisoning, and recommended treatments....

  13. Bracken fern poisoning

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum) has worldwide distribution and in some areas dominated plant communities replacing desirable forages. Poisoning is identified as enzootic hematuria, bright blindness, and bracken staggers. This chapter reviews updates new information on the plant, the various poi...

  14. Renal cirsoid arteriovenous malformation masquerading as neoplasia.

    PubMed

    Silverthorn, K; George, D

    1988-12-01

    A woman with renal colic and microscopic hematuria had filling defects in the left renal collecting system detected on excretory urography. A nephrectomy, performed because of suspected malignancy, might have been averted by renal angiography.

  15. Penile Curvature (Peyronie's Disease)

    MedlinePlus

    ... Causes Diagnosis Treatment Eating, Diet, & Nutrition Clinical Trials Erectile Dysfunction Hematuria: Blood in the Urine Interstitial Cystitis (Painful ... researchers thought Peyronie’s disease was a form of impotence, now called erectile dysfunction (ED). ED happens when ...

  16. [IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease) in children].

    PubMed

    Velásquez-Jones, L; Sánchez-Aguilar, J R; Ramòn-Garcia, G; Rosado-Tun, M A; Romero-Navarro, B; Gómez-Chico, R; Muñoz-Arizpe, R

    1992-12-01

    IgA nephropathy, also called Berger's disease, is characterized by recurrent gross hematuria or persistent microscopic hematuria, together with mesangial glomerular deposits of IgA found in the renal biopsy. Seven children with IgA nephropathy were studied. Most of them presented initially with recurrent macroscopic hematuria and low or moderate-grade proteinuria, without hypertension or renal function impairment. Only one patient presented with a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Four patients did not receive any treatment; one of them is in remission, one has improved and two remain with moderate proteinuria and hematuria. One patient with significant proteinuria improved after prednisone and azathioprine treatment. The patient with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis improved his renal function after oral prednisone and intravenous boluses of methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide.

  17. Glomerulonephritis (For Parents)

    MedlinePlus

    ... Chronic Kidney Disease Kidneys and Urinary Tract Kidney Stones Ultrasound: Renal (Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder) When Your Child ... Blood in the Urine (Hematuria) Kidney Disease Kidney Stones Kidney Transplant Kidneys and Urinary Tract Dialysis Lupus ...

  18. Postpyelolithotomy Renal Artery Pseudoaneurysm Management with Percutaneous Thrombin Injection: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Vivek Galwa, Ramprakash; Khandelwal, N.; Bapuraj, J. R.

    2008-03-15

    Renal artery pseudoaneurysm leading to life-threatening hematuria can occur after a surgical procedure such as pyelolithotomy, albeit rarely. With recent advances in transarterial embolization techniques, this minimally invasive procedure has become the treatment of choice, replacing surgery. We present a case of massive hematuria due to renal artery pseudoaneurysm developing after pyelolithotomy that was managed with percutaneus thrombin injection directly into the pseudoaneurysm.

  19. A pediatric case of factitious disorder with unexplained bleeding symptoms.

    PubMed

    Uzuner, Selcuk; Bahali, Kayhan; Kurban, Sema; Erenberk, Ufuk; Cakir, Erkan

    2013-01-01

    Factitious disorder is characterized by deliberate production or imitation of physical or psychological symptoms in order to adopt the sick role. The disorder can be seen as factitious bleeding. Factitious bleeding is a rare disorder in pediatric population. The concomitant appearance of hemoptysis and hematuria in the same patient has not been previously reported. In this case report, we present a pediatric case of factitious disorder with both hemoptysis and hematuria.

  20. Henoch–Schonlein purpura presenting sequentially as nodular rash, erythema nodosum, and palpable purpura

    PubMed Central

    Balamurugesan, Kandan; Viswanathan, Stalin

    2014-01-01

    We describe a 26-year-old woman who presented with a nodular rash on the elbows following an insect bite. Two days later, she developed erythema nodosum. Both these lesions were treated symptomatically. One week later, she had purpura, abdominal pain, hematuria, and arthralgias, following which steroids were administered. Her investigations revealed only microscopic hematuria that disappeared with therapy. This pattern of sequential appearance of rash and a nodular morphology are both unique features not previously reported. PMID:24696039

  1. Agreement among Four Prevalence Metrics for Urogenital Schistosomiasis in the Eastern Region of Ghana

    PubMed Central

    Kulinkina, Alexandra V.; Tybor, David; Osabutey, Dickson; Bosompem, Kwabena M.; Naumova, Elena N.

    2016-01-01

    Few studies assess agreement among Schistosoma haematobium eggs, measured hematuria, and self-reported metrics. We assessed agreement among four metrics at a single time point and analyzed the stability of infection across two time points with a single metric. We used data from the Eastern Region of Ghana and constructed logistic regression models. Girls reporting macrohematuria were 4.1 times more likely to have measured hematuria than girls not reporting macrohematuria (CI95%: 2.1–7.9); girls who swim were 3.6 times more likely to have measured hematuria than nonswimmers (CI95%: 1.6–7.9). For boys, neither self-reported metric was predictive. Girls with measured hematuria in 2010 were 3.3 times more likely to be positive in 2012 (CI95%: 1.01–10.5), but boys showed no association. Boys with measured hematuria in 2008 were 6.0 times more likely to have measured hematuria in 2009 (CI95%: 1.5–23.9) and those with eggs in urine in 2008 were 4.8 times more likely to have eggs in urine in 2009 (CI95%: 1.2–18.8). For girls, measured hematuria in 2008 predicted a positive test in 2009 (OR = 2.8; CI95%: 1.1–6.8), but egg status did not. Agreement between dipstick results and eggs suggests continued dipstick used is appropriate. Self-reported swimming should be further examined. For effective disease monitoring, we recommend annual dipstick testing. PMID:28078300

  2. [Berger's disease in children: its form of presentation, pathological anatomy and evolution in 22 cases].

    PubMed

    Cabot Dalmau, A; Callis, L; Lara, E; Carreras, M

    1993-09-01

    We have reviewed 22 cases of Berger's disease in children (glomerular nephritis with mesangial IgA deposits), all of which were diagnosed by renal biopsy between 1976 and the present time. We describe the clinical and pathological findings in these patients. In addition, we put special emphasis on the evolution of the disease in relationship to some of the parameters that have been reported in the literature as being related to a bad prognosis of glomerular function such as, massive proteinuria at the onset of the disease, histological classification, presence of deposits of IgM or fibrinogen derivatives and glomerular sclerosis. All of the patients started with hematuria, 21 of which had gross hematuria (95%). Fourteen patients (63%) showed proteinuria (2 of which also had a temporary nephrotic syndrome). Five children showed some transient decrease in glomerular filtration rate and another patient rapidly developed renal failure and then end stage renal disease. We were able to follow 15 children for 3 years: 8 (53%) still showed outbreaks of gross hematuria, 5 (33%) only had microhematuria and 2 (14%) showed no signs of hematuria. Four children (27%) still had proteinuria. The glomerular filtration rate was still normal in all but two children (one with rapid evolution to end stage renal disease and another with a glomerular filtration decrease of 20%). Ten children were followed for 6 to 13 years. After 6 years, 2 (20%) still showed outbreaks of gross hematuria, 1 (10%) still had proteinuria.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  3. Impetigo—Bacteriologic Features and Renal Involvement

    PubMed Central

    Shuler, Stanton E.

    1966-01-01

    One hundred children with impetigo were studied with particular emphasis upon the organism causing the infection and associated renal complications. In 50 per cent of cases, Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus grew on cultures of material from the lesions, and evidence of recent infection with this organism as shown by an elevation of antistreptolysin O titer was present in an additional 17 per cent of cases. Acute glomerulonephritis developed in three of the 66 children with bacteriologic or serologic evidence of streptococcal infection. Four other children in this group and nine children with staphylococcal impetigo had unexplained microscopic hematuria. All children with nephritis already had evidence of the disease when first seen. In most of those with unexplained hematuria, this condition was detected at the first visit. Hematuria developed in others while they were receiving systemic antibiotics. The significance of isolated microscopic hematuria is uncertain, but is seen often in association with cutaneous infection with both staphylococcus and streptococcus. Microscopic hematuria as defined is apparently not prevented by antibiotic therapy. If acute glomerulonephritis that follows streptococcal cutaneous infection is to be prevented, streptococcal impetigo will have to be treated promptly after onset. PMID:5946549

  4. [Neuropsychological alterations are frequent in rolandic epilepsy and its atypical developments].

    PubMed

    Pesantez-Rios, G; Martinez-Bermejo, A; Pesantez-Cuesta, G

    2016-08-01

    Introduccion. La epilepsia rolandica o epilepsia benigna de la infancia con puntas centrotemporales se denomina benigna debido a lo favorables que suelen ser sus crisis y a la espontanea normalizacion del electroencefalograma al llegar a la pubertad, aunque se ha demostrado el impacto sobre el desarrollo cognitivo con la presencia de deficits cognitivos heterogeneos, relacionados especialmente con las descargas intercriticas persistentes durante el sueño no REM. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar las redes epileptogenas involucradas en los trastornos neuropsicologicos de esta patologia. Desarrollo. Las evoluciones atipicas tienen en comun una actividad epileptica persistente durante el sueño lento, que desempeña un papel importante en el desarrollo de los deficits neurocognitivos que se asocian a esta patologia. Factores como la edad de inicio de la epilepsia, el inicio de la evolucion atipica, la localizacion de las descargas interictales y la actividad epileptica continua durante el sueño que persista durante mas de dos años pueden provocar cambios en el funcionamiento de las redes neurocognitivas, con los consecuentes deficits en las funciones neuropsicologicas, que incluso pueden resultar irreversibles. Conclusiones. Es necesario un seguimiento cercano tanto clinico como electroencefalografico; ademas, deben realizarse estudios neuropsicologicos formales desde el inicio de la epilepsia benigna de la infancia con puntas centrotemporales y mas en los casos que es evidente una evolucion atipica para detectar y prevenir los deficits neuropsicologicos antes de que se instauren definitivamente.

  5. [Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of kidney : a case report].

    PubMed

    Tsutsumi, Naofumi; Sumiyoshi, Takayuki; Okamura, Motohiro; Nakashima, Yoshiharu; Iwamura, Hiroshi; Mitsumori, Kenji; Nishimura, Kazuo; Shintaku, Masayuki; Koyama, Takashi; Matsui, Yusuke; Watanabe, Mitsumasa

    2013-06-01

    A 16-year-old man was referred to our hospital for asymptomatic gross hematuria. The findings of abdominal ultrasonography were normal. A month later, gross hematuria disappeared, and he was not followed after that. A month later, the patient was taken to our hospital in an ambulance for severe back pain and recurring gross hematuria. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a large right renal tumor with tumor thrombus penetrating inside the inferior vena cava. The patient underwent radical nephrectomy and embolectomy. The pathological diagnosis of the tumor was diagnosed as primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) of kidney by immunostaining and gene analysis. We started adjuvant chemotherapy soon after the operation. However, at 10 months after, multiple pulmonary metastases were detected. The patient was treated with salvage chemotherapy, surgery and irradiation therapy as combined modality therapy. Nevertheless, he died 18 months after the diagnosis.

  6. Active and chronic phases of Berger's disease (IgA nephropathy).

    PubMed

    Feltis, J T; Churg, J; Holley, K M; Feiner, H; Gallo, G; Ackad, A S

    1984-03-01

    Berger's disease, or IgA nephropathy, is generally considered as pursuing a chronic course, often with recurrent attacks of gross hematuria or persistent microscopic hematuria. However, little attention has been paid to the acute changes that may accompany this nephropathy, and there are few reports of follow-up renal biopsy studies in these patients. We have had the opportunity to study two patients with Berger's disease (IgA nephropathy) in whom initial and follow-up renal biopsy studies were available. Both of these patients presented clinically with gross hematuria and moderately heavy proteinuria. In both cases, the initial renal biopsy disclosed diffuse mesangial proliferation associated with crescent formation, while follow-up biopsy disclosed only mild mesangial proliferation and no crescents. In one case electron microscopy revealed prominent subendothelial and small mesangial deposits in the initial biopsy, which became almost solely large mesangial in the second biopsy. The other case demonstrated only mesangial deposits in both biopsies.

  7. Possible health effects of living in proximity to mining sites near Potosí, Bolivia.

    PubMed

    Farag, Sara; Das, Riva; Strosnider, William H J; Wilson, Robin Taylor

    2015-05-01

    The goal of this study was to determine the health effects of living downstream from mines in the Potosí region of Bolivia. Histories, physical examinations, and urinalyses were completed on adults recruited from mining and nonmining villages in Bolivia. Blood concentrations of Cd, Hg, and Pb were determined in a subset of participants. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Mining region participants had significantly higher frequencies of hypertension, hematuria, and ketonuria. Hematuria was significantly elevated among those watering livestock downstream from mines and eating grains from their own farm (odds ratio = 4.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 17.7). Significantly higher blood concentrations of Pb were observed in a subsample of participants with hematuria (4.80 μg/dL vs 10.91 μg/dL; P = 0.026). Efforts to abate environmental exposure to toxic metals seem warranted.

  8. Lupus vulgaris with tubercular lymphadenitis and IgA nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Khaira, Ambar; Rathi, Om P; Mahajan, Sandeep; Sharma, Alok; Dinda, Amit K; Tiwari, Suresh C

    2008-02-01

    A 14-year-old girl presented with a 10-year history of a large crusted plaque over the right thigh for 10 years and small reddish plaque over the left upper back for 3 months. On routine evaluation, she was found to have hematuria. Skin biopsy from the lesion was suggestive of skin tuberculosis (lupus vulgaris), and kidney biopsy showed features of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Fine-needle aspiration from the inguinal lymph node was consistent with granulomatous disease. The patient has been on anti-tubercular treatment, and the hematuria has subsided.

  9. Medullary sponge kidney in childhood

    SciTech Connect

    Patriquin, H.B.; O'Regan, S.

    1985-08-01

    Medullary sponge kidney is reported in six children aged 2-18 years. One child was asymptomatic; the others had hematuria or a urine-concentrating defect. Renal function and size were otherwise normal, as was liver function. The diagnosis was made at excretory urography according to criteria established in adults. Sonography revealed hyperechogenic pyramids, at first at the periphery, later generalized. Computed tomography is very sensitive to the pyramidal nephrocalcinosis that complicates this disease and explains the frequent presenting symptom of hematuria in these children.

  10. Transitional cell bladder carcinoma with presentation mimicking ovarian carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Erickson, D R; Dabbs, D J; Olt, G J

    1996-05-01

    In the case described here, the patient's initial presentation suggested ovarian carcinoma. She had recurrent ascites, a pelvic mass, elevated CA-125, and extensive peritoneal carcinomatosis with transitional cell histology. The presence of hematuria prompted a cystoscopy, which revealed the true site of origin to be the urinary bladder rather than ovaries. This presentation is extremely rare for bladder cancer. Since transitional cell tumors from the bladder have a much worse prognosis than those of ovarian origin, it is important to identify the primary site correctly. Therefore, cystoscopy is essential for patients with hematuria, and should be considered in cases of apparent primary peritoneal carcinoma with transitional cell histology.

  11. [Ultrastructural alterations in renal biopsy leading to the diagnosis of HIV infection].

    PubMed

    Vega, Jorge; Barthel, M Elizabeth; Méndez, Gonzalo P

    2016-09-01

    HIV infection has different clinical presentations. We report a 21-year-old male with longstanding isolated microscopic hematuria attributed to thin glomerular basement membrane disease, who after 15 years of follow-up presented with significant proteinuria. A kidney biopsy was performed, revealing the presence of tubulo-reticular inclusions in the glomerular endothelial cells. This finding led to suspect an HIV infection, which was verified. Antiretroviral therapy, angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin II receptor blockers were prescribed. At 6 years of diagnosis the patient is asymptomatic and has normal kidney function. Microscopic hematuria and low level proteinuria persists.

  12. [Berger's disease. Study of eleven cases (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    García García, L; Giménez Llort, A; Camacho Díaz, J A; Cusí Sánchez, M V; López Cacho, F

    1982-03-01

    Among 39 patients with recurrent hematuria, 11 accomplished criteria of Berger's disease. The frequent association between recurrent hematuria and upper respiratory tract infections as well as constant elevation of serum IgA are emphasized. Their finding as well as the deposition of IgA on the mesangium and C'3 without C1q and C'4 suggest an alternative activation of the complement system which could explain the role of the IgA in the pathogenesis of Berger's disease. The disease can begin as acute glomerulonephritis and occasionally as a nephrotic syndrome, and its' prognosis is generally good in most instances.

  13. Diagnosis and treatment of arterial-ureteric fistula.

    PubMed

    Bietz, Gabriel; House, Aaron; Erickson, Deborah; Endean, Eric D

    2014-06-01

    A 45-year-old woman presented with gross hematuria. She had previously undergone an aortobifemoral bypass that subsequently became infected. The infected graft was removed and replaced with homograft. An arterioureteric fistula was identified with angiography and the patient was treated with an iCast stent graft. Diagnosis of arterioureteric fistula should be suspected in patients with gross hematuria and associated risk factors. We would recommend angiography for diagnosis and simultaneous treatment with a stent graft, although the long-term durability and outcome is unknown.

  14. Use of Recombinant Factor VIIa in a Pediatric Patient With Initial Presentation of Refractory Acute Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura and Severe Bleeding

    PubMed Central

    Gurion, Reut; Siu, Anita; Weiss, Aaron R.; Masterson, Margaret

    2012-01-01

    Severe bleeding in acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is rare but can cause significant complications to the patient. Here we report the case of a pediatric patient with acute ITP and hematuria refractory to anti-D immune globulin, high dose intravenous immunoglobulin G, and high dose steroids. Her hematuria was successfully treated with recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa). While further investigation on the use of rFVIIa in ITP is warranted, this case report contributes to the pediatric literature for its use during the course of an initial presentation of ITP with hemorrhagic complications. PMID:23258971

  15. Extensive Renal Arteriovenous Malformations Treated by Transcatheter Arterial Embolization

    PubMed Central

    Tajirika, Hironao; Yoshigi, Jun; Kobayashi, Kazuki

    2017-01-01

    An 84-year-old woman was referred to our department due to gross hematuria. Enhanced computed tomography revealed early enhancement of the right renal vein and multiple tortuous vessels around the right renal hilus, part of which had invaded into the renal parenchyma and renal calix. We diagnosed her with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and performed transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). Angiography showed extensive and complex AVMs located in the central and peripheral areas of her kidney. After TAE, the hematuria resolved and she became hemodynamically stable. PMID:28326220

  16. Endometrial polyps in 2 African pygmy hedgehogs.

    PubMed

    Phillips, Irene D; Taylor, Jacqueline J; Allen, Andrew L

    2005-06-01

    Reports of spontaneously occurring endometrial polyps in animals are rare and have only involved a few species. This report is intended to advise veterinarians that older African pygmy hedgehogs may develop endometrial polyps and that these lesions can be a cause of bloody vaginal discharge, sometimes interpreted as hematuria.

  17. Scutellaria baicalensis alleviates cantharidin-induced rat hemorrhagic cystitis through inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 overexpression.

    PubMed

    Huan, Steven Kuan-Hua; Wang, Kun-Teng; Yeh, Shauh-Der; Lee, Chia-Jung; Lin, Li-Chun; Liu, Der-Zen; Wang, Ching-Chiung

    2012-05-25

    Cantharidin, an active component in mylabris, is used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat scabies and hepatoma, but accompanied by hemorrhagic cystitis. Evidence shows that cantharidin induces human bladder carcinoma cell death through COX-2 overexpression in vitro. In TCM, Scutellaria baicalensis is usually used to cure mylabris-induced hematuria. This work was undertaken to determine the mechanisms of cantharidin-induced rat hemorrhagic cystitis and explore the uroprotective effect of S. baicalensis. In vitro results showed cantharidin could induce cytotoxicity through prostaglandin (PG)E₂ overproduction of T24 cells. Boiling-water extract of S. baicalensis (SB-WE) could significantly inhibit PGE₂ production and COX-2 expression in lipo-polysaccharide-induced RAW 264.7 cells, indicating obvious anti-inflammatory abilities. In vivo results indicated that cantharidin caused rat hemorrhagic cystitis with hematuria via c-Fos and COX-2 overexpression. SB-WE was given orally to cantharidin-treated rats, whereby hematuria level, elevated PGE₂ and COX-2 protein overexpression were significantly and dose-dependently inhibited by SB-WE. The anti-inflammatory components of SB-WE are baicalin and wogonin, whose contents were 200.95 ± 2.00 and 31.93 ± 0.26 μg/mg, respectively. In conclusion, cantharidin induces rat cystitis through c-Fos and COX-2 over-expression and S. baicalensis can prevent the resulting hematuria because of its anti-inflammatory effects.

  18. Analysis of Novel Prostate Cancer Biomarkers and their Predictive Utility in an Active Surveillance Protocol

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    Patient information: Blood in the urine (hematuria) in adults. UpToDate 19.3. October 14, 2011. Report of Scholarship Peer Reviewed... UpToDate 19.2. June 17, 2011. 12. Psutka SP, Daha A, McGovern FM, McDougal WS, Mueller PR, Gervais D, Feldman AS. Complication rates increase with

  19. Carcinoid tumor with bilateral renal involvement in a child.

    PubMed

    Warrier, Raj P; Varma, Aditi Vian; Chauhan, Aman; Ward, Ken; Craver, Randal

    2011-12-01

    Carcinoid tumors are uncommon in children. Kidneys are rarely involved as they do not possess neuro-endocrine cells. Work up of painless hematuria after abdominal trauma in a 10-year-old boy revealed primary carcinoid tumors with metastasis to both kidneys. We were unable to find any previous reports of renal involvement by carcinoid tumor in children.

  20. Idiopathic erythrocytosis in IgA nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Mahesh, E; Madhyastha, P R; Kalashetty, M; Gurudev, K C; Bande, S; John, M M

    2017-01-01

    We report a case of idiopathic erythrocytosis in a 31-year-old male who was incidentally detected to have hypertension during his preemployment checkup. Urine routine showed proteinuria and hematuria. Biochemical parameters revealed raised serum creatinine, and histological findings of the renal biopsy showed IgAN.

  1. Idiopathic erythrocytosis in IgA nephropathy

    PubMed Central

    Mahesh, E.; Madhyastha, P. R.; Kalashetty, M.; Gurudev, K. C.; Bande, S.; John, M. M.

    2017-01-01

    We report a case of idiopathic erythrocytosis in a 31-year-old male who was incidentally detected to have hypertension during his preemployment checkup. Urine routine showed proteinuria and hematuria. Biochemical parameters revealed raised serum creatinine, and histological findings of the renal biopsy showed IgAN. PMID:28182057

  2. Evaluation of Immunological Disorders of T Lymphocytes and Endocrinological Disorders as Pathogen Factors in Patients With Metaplasia of Urinary Bladder

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2014-03-19

    The Follow-up Duration Was 1-8 Years.; The Main Reasons Behind Visiting the Hospital Were Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection,; Urinary Urgencies, Pollakiuria, Difficulty in Initiating Micturition, Pain in Hypogastrium,; Night Wetting and Day Wetting, Menstruation's Disorders, Urolithiasis, Defects of Urinary; System and Hematuria.

  3. [Idiopathic renal arteriovenous fistula].

    PubMed

    Bennani, S; Ait Bolbarod, A; el Mrini, M; Kadiri, R; Benjelloun, S

    1996-06-01

    The authors report a case of idiopathic renal arteriovenous fistula. The diagnosis was established angiographically in a 24 year old man presenting gross hematuria. Embolization of the fistula was performed. Efficiency of this treatment was appreciated clinically and by duplex renal ultrasonography. The characteristics of renal arteriovenous fistulas are reviewed.

  4. Medullary sponge kidney associated with congenital hemihypertrophy.

    PubMed

    Indridason, O S; Thomas, L; Berkoben, M

    1996-08-01

    Medullary sponge kidney is a developmental disorder characterized by ectatic and cystic malformation of the collecting ducts and tubules. Clinical manifestations include urinary tract infections, renal stones, and hematuria. It can be associated with other developmental disorders. A case of medullary sponge kidney associated with congenital hemihypertrophy, complicated by nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis, is reported here.

  5. Synchronous Renal Neoplasm: Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma and Papillary Urothelial Carcinoma in the Same Kidney.

    PubMed

    Benavides-Huerto, Miguel Armando; Chávez-Valencia, Venice; Lagunas-Rangel, Francisco Alejandro

    2017-02-01

    Abdominal computed tomography in a 64 year-old male presenting hematuria showed two malignant tumors in the left kidney, thus radical nephrectomy was realized. In histological preparations a clear cell renal cell carcinoma and a papillary urothelial carcinoma were identified occurring synchronously, which is a rare occurrence having only about 50 cases reported in the literature.

  6. Comparison of PCR, enzyme immunoassay and conventional culture for adenovirus detection in bone marrow transplant patients with hemorrhagic cystitis.

    PubMed

    Raboni, S M; Siqueira, M M; Portes, S R; Pasquini, R

    2003-08-01

    Adenovirus-associated hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) has become a recognized sequel of immunosuppression. The diagnosis of viral infection is usually determined by viral cultures. Analysis of different diagnostic methods for adenovirus (AdV) detection in bone marrow transplant patients with hemorrhagic cystitis. We describe a prospective study for AdV detection in the urine of patients with hematuria in the first 100 days after bone marrow transplant (BMT), comparing different laboratory techniques, PCR, enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and conventional culture. A total of 143 urine samples were analyzed, 75 collected in the pre-transplant period with and without hematuria and 68 post-transplant, only with microscopic or macroscopic hematuria. After BMT, hematuria occurred in 38.9% of patients, being more frequent in unrelated donor transplants. AdV was isolated in one pre-transplant patient without symptoms and in three post-transplant patients with HC grades 3 and 4 (severe), who were in month 2 or 3 post-transplant. Compared to culture as the gold standard, the accuracy, specificity and sensitivity of EIA were 95, 30 and 100% and for PCR were 63, 100 and 60%, respectively. We concluded that despite technical difficulties and the long time that elapsed before results were obtained, cell culture still remains the best method for adenovirus detection in the urine of patients with hemorrhagic cystitis.

  7. Hand-assisted laparoscopic removal of a nephroblastoma in a horse

    PubMed Central

    Romero, Alfredo; Rodgerson, Dwayne H.; Fontaine, Genevieve L.

    2010-01-01

    A 3-year-old Thoroughbred was presented for evaluation of hematuria post exercise. On physical examination, an enlarged kidney was identified, as well as serum biochemical abnormalities such as an elevated creatine kinase (CK) and hypoalbuminemia. The kidney was removed laparoscopically and a nephroblastoma was identified. PMID:20808577

  8. A novel case report of sickle cell disease-associated immunoglobulin A nephropathy: the diagnostic value of erythrocyte dysmorphism evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Silva, Gyl EB; Teixeira, André C; Vergna, José GG; Salgado-Filho, Natalino; Crivellentti, Leandro Z; Costa, Roberto S; Dantas, Márcio

    2014-01-01

    Sickle cell disease is a severe disease with a genetic pattern; it may cause anemia, vaso-occlusive phenomena, and multiorgan injury. It may damage any renal compartment, thereby causing tubular abnormalities, papillary necrosis, or glomerulopathies such as focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis and membranoproliferative pattern. The clinical consequences are hematuria and proteinuria. Hematuria associated with SCD is characteristically isomorphic (non-glomerular). This case report describes a novel case of a patient with sickle cell disease who presented with proteinuria and microscopic dysmorphic (glomerular) hematuria. A renal biopsy revealed immunoglobulin A nephropathy. Despite the fact that immunoglobulin A nephropathy is the most commonly diagnosed glomerulonephritis worldwide, an association between this entity and sickle cell disease has not yet been reported, probably because all cases of hematuria in patients with sickle cell disease have been regarded as secondary to sickle cell disease. Thus, new approaches are necessary to differentiate these conditions, such as evaluation of urinary erythrocyte dysmorphism, even more so because these two entities have different therapeutic options, morbidity, and mortality rates. PMID:25035790

  9. Dissolution of infection-induced struvite bladder stones by using a noncalculolytic diet and antibiotic therapy

    PubMed Central

    2004-01-01

    Abstract An 8-year-old, female spayed miniature schnauzer was presented for pollakiuria and gross hematuria. Infection-induced struvite urolithiasis with concurrent bacterial urinary tract infection was diagnosed. The treatment is described, followed by a brief discussion of struvite stones and their medical management. PMID:15532883

  10. Transcatheter Embolization of a Large Symptomatic Pelvic Arteriovenous Malformation with Glubran 2 Acrylic Glue

    SciTech Connect

    Gandini, R.; Angelopoulos, G. Konda, D.; Messina, M.; Chiocchi, M.; Perretta, T.; Simonetti, G.

    2008-09-15

    A young patient affected by a pelvic arteriovenous malformation (pAVM) with recurrent episodes of hematuria following exercise, underwent transcatheter embolization using Glubran 2 acrylic glue (GEM, Viareggio, Italy). All branches of the pAVM were successfully occluded. The patient showed prompt resolution of symptoms and persistent occlusion of the pAVM at the 6 month follow-up.

  11. Endometrial polyps in 2 African pygmy hedgehogs

    PubMed Central

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Reports of spontaneously occurring endometrial polyps in animals are rare and have only involved a few species. This report is intended to advise veterinarians that older African pygmy hedgehogs may develop endometrial polyps and that these lesions can be a cause of bloody vaginal discharge, sometimes interpreted as hematuria. PMID:16048013

  12. [Renal complications due to desensitization].

    PubMed

    Drouet, M; Sabbah, A; Bonneau, J C; Le Sellin, J

    1986-04-01

    Two observations with induction of renal complications during immunotherapy are reported. For the first patient proteinuria and infections complications happened immediately after a rush immunotherapy with Yellow Jacket Venom Extract. For the second patient an "half-rush" immunotherapy with light doses of phleole extract (cumulative dose: 7 PNU) induced an immediate reaction with rhinitis, conjunctivitis and after 24 hours a macroscopic hematuria.

  13. Case Report: Red Urine After Day Care Strabismus Surgery.

    PubMed

    Caroline, Pregardien; Marie-Cécile, Nassogne; Demet, Yuksel; Francis, Veyckemans

    2017-02-15

    In the absence of surgery on the urinary tract, the emission of red urine after anesthesia should be considered as a diagnostic emergency because it can be a sign of hematuria, hemoglobinuria, blood transfusion reaction, significant myoglobinuria, or porphyria.This case describes the management of a 12-year-old boy who presented red urine at the day care unit after strabismus surgery.

  14. Long-standing spontaneous clinical remission and glomerular improvement in primary IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease).

    PubMed

    Costa, R S; Droz, D; Noel, L H

    1987-01-01

    Of the 244 cases of IgA nephropathy diagnosed at Necker Hospital before 1981, 9 patients (3.7%) developed spontaneous clinical remission of long duration. Three of these 9 patients presented with gross hematuria, while in the others the disease was discovered by the finding of proteinuria at routine urinalysis. During the disease course 5 patients had recurrent episodes of gross hematuria, lasting several years in 4. At the time of the first biopsy all patients had hematuria and permanent proteinuria. In 1 patient, renal biopsy showed only an increase in mesangial matrix while in the others segmentary lesions were observed, affecting less than 30% of the glomeruli in 6. Diffuse mesangial deposits of IgA were present in all. During the follow-up, proteinuria and microscopic hematuria gradually decreased and completely disappeared within 4-14 years after the onset of the disease. A repeat biopsy performed during remission in 4 patients showed, in 3, an improvement of glomerular lesions and a significant decrease in IgA mesangial deposits in parallel with clinical recovery. As in other types of 'primary' glomerulonephritis, these data indicate that the initial disorder in IgA nephropathy may be spontaneously reversible even after a long course of the disease.

  15. [Relationship between repeating tonsillitis and Berger's disease. Report of A case and review of the literature].

    PubMed

    Pino Rivero, V; González Palomino, A; Pantoja Hernández, C G; Marcos García, M; Trinidad Ruíz, G; Marqués Rebollo, L; Blasco Huelva, A

    2006-01-01

    Berger's disease, so called IgA nephropathy, is a mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis characterized by recurrent episodes of gross hematuria in relation with ENT infections like tonsillitis. We report a clinical case which presented that association and make a review of the literature about the possible advantages of tonsillectomy on the evolutive course and prognosis of the nephropathy.

  16. IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease) - a clinicopathologic study in children.

    PubMed

    Kher, K K; Makker, S P; Moorthy, B

    1983-03-01

    Clinicopathologic features and follow up of 21 children with IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease) is discussed. The disease predominantly affected males. Although no definite prediction for any age group was observed, a majority (71.5%) of patient were six years or older. Macroscopic hematuria was the presenting feature in 71.5%, while as 28.5% had microscopic hematuria. Isolated proteinuria was not observed in any. 81% of the patients continue to have recurrent episodes of macroscopic hematuria, and 76% of the patients have microscopic hematuria during the symptom free intervals. Hypertension, azotemia and nephrotic syndrome were absent in all patients at the time of onset of the disease, and have not developed in any patient during follow up (mean 5.4 yrs). Serum IgA level elevated in only one (7.7%) of the thirteen patients in whom this was tested, and did not appear to be a diagnostic test of IgA nephropathy in children. The histologic features of renal biopsy did not correlate with known duration of the disease, extent of proteinuria at the time of biopsy or the degree of IgA deposits in the renal tissues. During childhood. IgA nephropathy appears to have an excellent prognosis, but longterm outlook can be projected only by following these children into adulthood.

  17. Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder in a pediatric patient

    PubMed Central

    Mau, Elke E.; Leonard, Michael P.

    2016-01-01

    Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder in children and adolescents is rare. The World Health Organization database has recorded approximately 80 patients under age 16 that have been diagnosed with papillary bladder tumour since 1968.1 We are reporting on our case of urothelial carcinoma diagnosed in a 14-year-old male who presented with painless gross hematuria. PMID:28255421

  18. Endovascular treatment of arterio-ureteral fistulae with covered stents: Case series and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Patel, Dhruv; Kumar, Abhishek; Ranganath, Praveen; Contractor, Sohail

    2014-01-01

    Arterio-ureteral fistulae are abnormal connections between an artery and the ureter and carry a high mortality. We present two cases of arterio-ureteral fistulae that presented with life-threatening hematuria. Both patients were treated with endovascular covered stent placement.

  19. Unusual case of foreign body-induced struvite urolithiasis in a dog.

    PubMed Central

    Houston, D M; Eaglesome, H

    1999-01-01

    A 6-year-old, castrated male dog was presented because of inappropriate urination and hematuria. Radiographs indicated a bladder stone with a sewing needle at its center. The urolith was removed and diagnosed as predominantly struvite, most likely a result of the foreign body and a urinary tract infection. Images Figure 1. Figure 2. PMID:10065322

  20. Ulcerative cystitis associated with phenylbutazone administration in two horses.

    PubMed

    Aleman, Monica; Nieto, Jorge E; Higgins, Jamie K

    2011-08-15

    A 15-year-old Quarter Horse gelding and a 26-year-old Thoroughbred gelding were evaluated because of hematuria of 4 to 6 days' duration following prolonged oral administration of phenylbutazone. The horses had received either treatment with phenylbutazone for 3 months or intermittent long-term phenylbutazone treatment prior to development of hematuria. Each horse was systemically stable but had orthopedic or neurologic problems. Clinicopathologic findings included normochromic normocytic anemia in both horses and hypoalbuminemia and high BUN concentration in 1 horse. In both horses, urinalysis revealed proteinuria and RBCs, but no evidence of WBCs or bacteria. Ulceration and hemorrhage of the urinary bladder with no evidence of uroliths were observed via cystoscopy. Gastric ulceration along the margo plicatus was observed via gastroscopy. For each horse, phenylbutazone treatment was discontinued and a synthetic prostaglandin (misoprostol) was administered. The hematuria resolved, and results of a follow-up CBC, serum biochemical analysis, urinalysis, and cystoscopy 25 or 30 days after cessation of phenylbutazone treatment were unremarkable in both cases. Given the known adverse effects of NSAID treatment in several species, phenylbutazone and its metabolites were suspected to have caused ulceration of the urinary bladder, resulting in hematuria, in the 2 horses. A definitive cause of urinary bladder ulceration was not confirmed in these cases; however, resolution of ulceration after discontinuation of phenylbutazone treatment and administration of synthetic prostaglandins and exclusion of other causes suggested an association between phenylbutazone administration and ulcerative cystitis in these horses.

  1. An Overlapping Case of Alport Syndrome and Thin Basement Membrane Disease.

    PubMed

    Alganabi, Mashriq; Eter, Ahmad

    2016-10-01

    We report a case of a 48-year-old male who presented with hematuria of at least 10 years, and has a daughter with hematuria as well. The patient has a history of degenerative hearing loss, decreased vision and cataract formation, but no diabetes, hypertension or proteinuria. A full serology and urology workup was negative for any abnormality. A kidney biopsy for the patient revealed a diagnosis of Alport syndrome but was unable to rule out thin basement membrane disease. The biopsy was inconclusive in making the diagnosis but the patient's clinical presentation led to the diagnosis of Alport syndrome. The patient's 10-year-old daughter also has hematuria with no clear etiology but now can subsequently be anticipatorily managed for Alport syndrome progression. Due to the rarity of the disease, diagnosis is often missed or delayed by primary care providers especially when no associated proteinuria has yet developed. This can lead to confusion and misdiagnosis with thin basement membrane disease, a generally benign hematuria without kidney failure progression. Additionally, biopsy can be inconclusive in these patients, relying on the physician's history and physical examination findings to diagnose. It is important to appropriately diagnose Alport syndrome not only to manage the patient's rate of kidney failure progression but also allow for a higher degree of suspicion, screening and intervention in the patient's family members. Both the inconclusive nature of kidney biopsies and the usefulness of diagnosis for family member screening are often overlooked in medical literature but are explored in this case.

  2. Coexistence of medullary sponge kidney and renal AA amyloidosis in a patient with nephrotic range proteinuria.

    PubMed

    Akoglu, Hadim; Dede, Fatih; Gonul, Ipek Isik; Piskinpasa, Serhan; Odabas, Ali Riza

    2010-03-01

    We report a patient with medullary sponge kidney (MSK) who presented with hematuria and nephrotic-range proteinuria. Renal biopsy revealed a diagnosis of renal AA amyloidosis. No secondary factors contributing to renal amyloidosis were demonstrated. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case that demonstrates the coexistence of MSK and renal AA amyloidosis.

  3. Urethral diverticulum with massive lithiasis presenting as a scrotal mass.

    PubMed

    Labanaris, Apostolos P; Zugor, Vahudin; Witt, Jorn H; Nützel, Reinhold; Kühn, Reinhard

    2011-01-01

    Urethral diverticula in men are uncommon clinical entities. Their clinical manifestations include urinary tract infection, hematuria, irritative or obstructive voiding symptoms, ventral bulging and displacement of the penile shaft. Male urethral diverticulum with massive lithiasis presenting as a scrotal mass with stress urinary incontinence as the main symptom is extremely rare. Herein, we present such a case. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  4. Disseminated aspergillosis attributable to Aspergillus deflectus in a springer spaniel.

    PubMed

    Kahler, J S; Leach, M W; Jang, S; Wong, A

    1990-10-01

    Disseminated aspergillosis attributable to Aspergillus deflectus was diagnosed in a Springer Spaniel with lethargy, lameness, anorexia, weight loss, pyrexia, lymphadenopathy, hematuria, and urinary incontinence. Necropsy revealed granulomatous inflammation and numerous fungal hyphae in many organs. The conidial heads of the fungus have a characteristic briar-pipe appearance in culture.

  5. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy ameliorates cyclophosphamide-induced rat acute interstitial cystitis though inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stress-in vitro and in vivo experiment studies

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Yen-Ta; Yang, Chih-Chao; Sun, Cheuk-Kwan; Chiang, Hsin-Ju; Chen, Yi-Ling; Sung, Pei-Hsun; Zhen, Yen-Yi; Huang, Tein-Hung; Chang, Chia-Lo; Chen, Hong-Hwa; Chang, Hsueh-Wen; Yip, Hon-Kan

    2014-01-01

    Background: We investigated whether extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) therapy can attenuate cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced acute interstitial cystitis (AIC) in rats. Methods and Results: Eighteen male-adult Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into group 1 (sham control), group 2 (AIC induced by 150 mg/kg CYP by intra-peritoneal injection) and group 3 (AIC + ECSW 200 impulses at 0.11 mJ/mm2 to the urinary bladder at 3 and 24 h after CYP treatment). Smooth-muscle cells co-culture with menadione (25 µM) with and without ECSW treatment was performed. Western-blot results demonstrated that ECSW significant attenuated oxidative stress and inflammatory reactions in this in-vitro studies (all p < 0.001). 24-hour urine amount and microscopic findings of red-blood-cell count (i.e., hematuria) were higher in group 2 than in groups 1 and 3, and significantly higher in group 3 than in group 1 (all p < 0.001). The urine levels of albumin and interleukin-6 showed an identical pattern of hematuria among all three groups (all p < 0.001). The cellular and mRNA expressions of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF)+, CD74+, CD68+, substance p+, and Cox-2+ cells in the bladder tissue exhibited an identical pattern of hematuria among all groups (all p < 0.0001). The integrity of epithelial layer and collagen-deposition area as stained by Sirius red displayed an opposite pattern of hematuria among the three groups (p < 0.0001). The protein expression of IL-12, iNOS, TNF-α, NF-κB, MMP-9, NOX-1, NOX-2, RANTES, and Oxyblot displayed an identical pattern of hematuria among all groups (all p < 0.01). Conclusion: ECSW therapy markedly attenuated CYP-induced AIC through inhibitions of the inflammation and oxidative stress. PMID:25628776

  6. Safety of 12 core transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy in patients on aspirin

    PubMed Central

    Vasudeva, Pawan; Kumar, Niraj; Kumar, Anup; Singh, Harbinder; Kumar, Gaurav

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: To prospectively assess safety outcome of TRUS guided prostate biopsy in patients taking low dose aspirin. Materials and methods: Consecutive patients, who were planned for 12 core TRUS guided prostate biopsy and satisfied eligibility criteria, were included in the study and divided into two Groups: Group A: patients on aspirin during biopsy, Group B: patients not on aspirin during biopsy, including patients in whom aspirin was stopped prior to the biopsy. Parameters included for statistical analysis were: age, serum prostate specific antigen (PSA), prostate volume, hemoglobin (Hb %), number of hematuria episodes, number of patient reporting hematuria, hematuria requiring intervention, number of patient reporting hematospermia and number of patient reporting rectal bleeding. Results: Of 681 eligible patients, Group A and B had 191 and 490 patients respectively. The mean age, prostate volume, serum PSA and pre-biopsy hemoglobin were similar in both Groups with no significant differences noted between them. None of the post-biopsy complications, including number of hematuria episodes (p=0.83), number of patients reporting hematuria (p=0.55), number of patients reporting hematospermia (p=0.36) and number of patients reporting rectal bleeding (p=0.65), were significantly different between Groups A and B respectively. None of the hemorrhagic complication in either group required intervention and were self limiting. Conclusion: Continuing low dose aspirin during TRUS guided prostate biopsy neither alters the minor bleeding episodes nor causes major bleeding complication. So, discontinuation of low dose aspirin prior to TRUS guided prostate biopsy is not required. PMID:26742966

  7. Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome: incidence and treatment of genitourinary sequelae.

    PubMed

    Husmann, D A; Rathburn, S R; Driscoll, D J

    2007-04-01

    Prior reviews regarding genitourinary manifestations of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome used data acquired from diverse specialty specific articles to define the incidence and sequelae of its genitourinary manifestations. We believe that this resulted in erroneous conclusions regarding the urological complications of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. Data on genitourinary manifestations in patients with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome treated at 1 institution from 1970 through 2005 were acquired. Of 218 patients with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome 30% (66 of 218) had genitourinary involvement, including 7% (15) with cutaneous genital abnormalities, 7% (15) with visceral genitourinary involvement and 16% (36) with each type. Intermittent bleeding from cutaneous genital abnormalities developed in 65% of patients (33 of 51). Conservative treatment with compression and/or cauterization was attempted in all 33 patients and it was successful in 64% (21 of 33). Intractable hemorrhage resulted in excision of the cutaneous bleeding site in 36% of cases (12 of 33). A total of 39 hospitalizations for gross hematuria occurred in 9% of the patients (19 of 218). Hematuria developed from the bladder in 11 cases, the urethra in 4 and the kidney in 4. Conservative therapy resolved gross hematuria in 21% of the patients (4 of 19). Refractory hematuria was successfully treated with cauterization in 37% of the patients (7 of 19) and by angiographic embolization in 10% (2 of 19). Intractable gross hematuria resulted in open surgical excision of the bleeding site in 32% of the patients (6 of 19). The incidence of genitourinary manifestations of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome is 30%, which is triple the previously reported incidence of 9%. Unlike prior reports stating that the genitourinary abnormalities rarely caused problems, 52% of the patients (34 of 66) with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome who had urological manifestations eventually required interventional therapy for genitourinary complications.

  8. Acquired Porphyria Cutanea Tarda

    PubMed Central

    Koval, Andrew; Danby, C. W. E.; Petermann, H.

    1965-01-01

    Currently, the porphyrias are classified in four main groups: congenital porphyria, acute intermittent porphyria, porphyria cutanea tarda hereditaria, and porphyria cutanea tarda symptomatica. The acquired form of porphyria (porphyria cutanea tarda symptomatica) occurs in older males and is nearly always associated with chronic alcoholism and hepatic cirrhosis. The main clinical changes are dermatological, with excessive skin fragility and photosensitivity resulting in erosions and bullae. Biochemically, high levels of uroporphyrin are found in the urine and stools. Treatment to date has been symptomatic and usually unsuccessful. A case of porphyria cutanea tarda symptomatica is presented showing dramatic improvement of both the skin lesions and porphyrin levels in urine and blood following repeated phlebotomy. Possible mechanisms of action of phlebotomy on porphyria cutanea tarda symptomatica are discussed. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2 PMID:14341652

  9. Vohwinkel syndrome, ichthyosiform variant - by Camisa - Case report*

    PubMed Central

    Corte, Liliam Dalla; da Silva, Mariana Vale Scribel; de Oliveira, Carina Flores; Vetoratto, Gerson; Steglich, Raquel Bissacotti; Borges, Josiane

    2013-01-01

    Vohwinkel syndrome or keratoderma hereditaria mutilans is a rare autosomal dominant palmoplantar keratosis, which manifests in infants and becomes more evident in adulthood. Its mode of inheritance is autosomal dominant with mutation in loricrin and Connexin 26 genes. Patients with this mutation present hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles, constricting bands of the digits, usually on the fifth, and starfish-shaped hyperkeratosis on the dorsal aspects of the hands and feet. The disease mostly occurs in white women, where constricting fibrous bands appear on the digits and can lead to progressive strangulation and auto-amputation (pseudo-ainhum).The authors report a rare case of a patient with a clinical ichthyosiform variant of Vohwinkel syndrome. PMID:24346921

  10. Melanocytes and Their Diseases

    PubMed Central

    Yamaguchi, Yuji; Hearing, Vincent J.

    2014-01-01

    Human melanocytes are distributed not only in the epidermis and in hair follicles but also in mucosa, cochlea (ear), iris (eye), and mesencephalon (brain) among other tissues. Melanocytes, which are derived from the neural crest, are unique in that they produce eu-/pheo-melanin pigments in unique membrane-bound organelles termed melanosomes, which can be divided into four stages depending on their degree of maturation. Pigmentation production is determined by three distinct elements: enzymes involved in melanin synthesis, proteins required for melanosome structure, and proteins required for their trafficking and distribution. Many genes are involved in regulating pigmentation at various levels, and mutations in many of them cause pigmentary disorders, which can be classified into three types: hyperpigmentation (including melasma), hypopigmentation (including oculocutaneous albinism [OCA]), and mixed hyper-/hypopigmentation (including dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria). We briefly review vitiligo as a representative of an acquired hypopigmentation disorder. PMID:24789876

  11. [Experience in molecular diagnostic in hereditary neuropathies in a pediatric tertiary hospital].

    PubMed

    Fernández-Ramos, Joaquín A; López-Laso, Eduardo; Camino-León, Rafael; Gascón-Jiménez, Francisco J; Jiménez-González, M Dolores

    2015-12-01

    Introduccion. La enfermedad de Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) es la neuropatia hereditaria sensitivomotora mas frecuente. Avances en el diagnostico molecular han incrementado las posibilidades diagnosticas de estos pacientes. Pacientes y metodos. Estudio retrospectivo de 36 casos pediatricos diagnosticados de CMT en un centro terciario en el periodo 2003-2015. Resultados. Se identificaron 16 pacientes con CMT1A por una duplicacion en PMP22; dos casos se diagnosticaron de neuropatia hereditaria con predisposicion a paralisis por presion, uno de ellos con una mutacion puntual en PMP22; un varon con un fenotipo leve desmielinizante se diagnostico de CMTX1 por mutacion en GJB1; un paciente con una hipotonia paralitica en el nacimiento y un patron axonal por mutacion en MFN2; un paciente de origen rumano se diagnostico de CMT4D por una mutacion en el gen NDRG1; una paciente con una atrofia muscular espinal congenita distal con neuropatia axonal leve asociada por mutacion en el gen TRPV4; tres niñas de una familia consanguinea de etnia gitana se diagnosticaron de CMT axonal con descargas neuromiotonicas por una mutacion en el gen HINT1; 12 pacientes no tienen diagnostico molecular actualmente, cuatro de ellos de etnia gitana. Conclusiones. CMT1A predomino en nuestra serie (44%), como corresponde a la bibliografia. Destacamos la descripcion de una paciente con una mutacion en TRPV4 recientemente descrita como causa de CMT2C y tres casos de una misma familia consanguinea gitana con la misma mutacion en el gen HINT1 recientemente publicada como causa de neuropatia axonal con neuromiotonia autosomica recesiva (AR-CMT2). El porcentaje de casos sin diagnostico molecular es similar al de grandes series europeas.

  12. [Clinical and pathological study of 47 cases with Alport syndrome].

    PubMed

    He, Xu; Liu, Guang-ling; Xia, Zheng-kun; Ren, Xian-guo; Gao, Yuan-fu; Fan, Zhong-min; Fu, Yuan-feng; Fu, Jie; Gao, Chun-lin; Mao, Song; Chen, Rong

    2008-12-01

    To analyze the clinical and pathological features of children with Alport syndrome (AS). A series of 47 patients with AS from unrelated families hospitalized from Jan. 1990 to Jan. 2007 were involved in this study. The clinical and histopathological data were collected and analyzed. Of the 47 cases, 32 were male and 15 female, M/F: 2.1:1. The patient's age ranged from 15 months to 13 years, mean 9 years. Thirty-nine of the 47 cases had positive family history, X-linked dominant inheritance AS was diagnosed in 37 cases, autosomal recessive inheritance AS in 2 cases. Gross hematuria or microscopic hematuria were found in 59.3% of the cases as the first manifestations, while 29.8% showed edema or proteinuria. The major clinical manifestations were isolated hematuria (23.4%), hematuria and proteinuria (36.2%), nephrotic syndrome (29.8%), and renal failure (10.6%). Hematuria and proteinuria existed in all the cases, while only 7 to 13 years children had nephrotic syndrome and renal failure. Of the 47 patients, 33 (70.2%) showed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN) under the light microscope, 13 (27.6%) focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), 1 (2.1%) membrane proliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). For immunofluorescence, there was IgM (40.4%) as the dominant deposition in 19 patients, IgA in 9 (19.1%), IgG in 9 (19.1%), and 10 (21.4%) were negative. Thirty-nine cases showed typical glomerular basement membrane (GBM) pathological changes under electron microscope, while thin basement membrane in 8 cases; 46 showed abnormal skin and/or renal alpha-chain distribution. For Alport syndrome, number of male patients was higher than that of female patients. There was a significant difference among different age groups. Hematuria might be present throughout the course, while urine protein increases gradually. MsPGN was the dominant pathological change. The GBM pathological changes in younger children is not typical, so the immunofluorescence test of alpha

  13. Ossifying renal tumor of infancy: findings at ultrasound, CT and MRI.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sang Hwan; Choi, Young Hun; Kim, Woo Sun; Cheon, Jung-Eun; Moon, Kyung Chul

    2014-05-01

    A 4-month-old boy presented with persistent gross hematuria. At ultrasonography, a 3.5-cm echogenic mass with posterior shadowing and tumor vascularity was detected within the right renal pelvis. Precontrast CT showed a slightly hyperattenuating mass in the renal pelvis. At MRI the mass was heterogeneously hypointense on T2-weighted images and isointense on T1-weighted images. Contrast-enhanced CT and MRI both revealed peripheral enhancement of the mass. A histological diagnosis of ossifying renal tumor of infancy was made after open pyelostomy and tumor enucleation. We suggest that ossifying renal tumor of infancy should be considered when a mass with posterior acoustic shadowing and tumor vascularity on US, hyperattenuation on precontrast CT and hypointensity on T2-weighted MRI is seen within the renal pelvis of an infant with hematuria.

  14. Urinalysis: case presentations for the primary care physician.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Victoria J; Lee, Daniel K; Askeland, Eric J

    2014-10-15

    Urinalysis is useful in diagnosing systemic and genitourinary conditions. In patients with suspected microscopic hematuria, urine dipstick testing may suggest the presence of blood, but results should be confirmed with a microscopic examination. In the absence of obvious causes, the evaluation of microscopic hematuria should include renal function testing, urinary tract imaging, and cystoscopy. In a patient with a ureteral stent, urinalysis alone cannot establish the diagnosis of urinary tract infection. Plain radiography of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder can identify a stent and is preferred over computed tomography. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is the isolation of bacteria in an appropriately collected urine specimen obtained from a person without symptoms of a urinary tract infection. Treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria is not recommended in nonpregnant adults, including those with prolonged urinary catheter use.

  15. Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Associated with IgA Nephropathy

    PubMed Central

    Harada, Yukinori; Sakai, Kei; Asaka, Shiho; Nakayama, Kazutaka

    2017-01-01

    Few cases of IgA nephropathy with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) have been reported. We herein present the case of a 79-year-old Japanese man with AITL and IgA nephropathy. The patient presented with generalized edema, fatigue, and fever. Laboratory investigations revealed polyclonal gammopathy with a high level of IgA, microscopic hematuria, proteinuria, and some other immunological abnormalities. Computed tomography revealed generalized lymphadenopathy. A diagnosis of AITL and IgA nephropathy was made based on inguinal lymph node and renal biopsies. Following chemotherapy for AITL, the patient's edema, microscopic hematuria, and proteinuria were alleviated. These findings indicate that IgA nephropathy may occur in AITL patients. PMID:28050005

  16. Clinical features and outcomes of diffuse endocapillary proliferation Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis in children

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Haidong; Mao, Jianhua; Xu, Yanping; Gu, Weizhong; Zhu, Xiujuan; Liu, Aimin

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of childhood diffuse endocapillary proliferation Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (DEP-HSPN) in response to early diagnosis and prompt treatment. METHODS: Eleven cases of DEP-HSPN in children were investigated in comparison to HSPN without diffuse endocapillary proliferation (non-DEP-HSPN). RESULTS: DEP-HSPN had a higher prevalence of nephrotic syndrome but a lower prevalence of hematuria compared to non-DEP-HSPN. IgA, IgG and IgM antibody deposition was found in DEP-HSPN by histopathological examination. Proteinuria cleared in all 11 cases through treatment with steroids and/or immunosuppressive drugs. However, half of the DEP-HSPN patients continuously had hematuria after treatment. CONCLUSION: The early diagnosis and prompt initiation of immunosuppressive treatment based on renal biopsy are important for achieving favorable outcomes. PMID:27652838

  17. My Personal Journey With Ovarian Cancer Treatment: Caring and Chemotherapy Tips.

    PubMed

    Decker, Kim A

    2016-12-01

    Six years ago, I was diagnosed with stage IIIA ovarian low malignant cell potential cancer. It was the most shocking situation I have ever experienced. I didn't realize I had any symptoms, except occasional back pain, which I attributed to starting a new workout program. I had scheduled an abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan for recurrent microscopic hematuria, which my internist wanted to check. I was told I would hear the results in two days. Two hours after my CT scan, while I was eating ice cream and watching television, an on-call genitourinary doctor (who I did not personally know) called to tell me the good news-that I had kidney stones, thus the microscopic hematuria. However, the bad news was that I had ovarian cancer that had spread to my omentum. He said he would call my gynecologist right away.

  18. Clinical effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for BK-virus-associated hemorrhagic cystitis after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Savva-Bordalo, J; Pinho Vaz, C; Sousa, M; Branca, R; Campilho, F; Resende, R; Baldaque, I; Camacho, O; Campos, A

    2012-08-01

    Late-onset hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been associated with BK virus (BKV). Antiviral drugs are of limited efficacy and the optimal treatment for HC has not yet been established. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) may benefit these patients. We, therefore, retrospectively evaluated the effectiveness of HBO therapy in 16 patients with HC after allogeneic HSCT. All 16 patients had macroscopic hematuria and BKV infection. Patients received 100% oxygen in a hyperbaric chamber at 2.1 atmospheres for 90 min, 5 days per week, with a median 13 treatments (range, 4-84). Fifteen patients (94%) showed complete resolution of hematuria. Median urinary DNA BKV titers declined after HBO (P<0.05). Patients started on HBO earlier after diagnosis of HC responded sooner (P<0.05). HBO was generally well tolerated and proved to be a reliable option for this difficult to manage condition.

  19. Clinico-radiological correlation of nutcracker syndrome: a single centre experience.

    PubMed

    Taktak, Aysel; Hakan Demirkan, Tulin; Acar, Banu; Gu R, Gökçe; Köksoy, Adem; Uncu, Nermin; Çaycı, Fatma Ş; Çakar, Nilgu N

    2017-04-01

    The term nutcracker syndrome (NS) refers to the compression of left renal vein between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) causing renal venous hypertension. The symptoms vary from asymptomatic hematuria to severe pelvic congestion. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with NS and the correlation between clinical and laboratory findings with Doppler sonographic measurements. Sixty-three patients were evaluated (19 boys and 44 girls) since January 2004 to January 2014. The mean age of the patients was 12.21 ± 3.21 years (range 7-17). Hematuria and proteinuria disappeared during the follow up of 9/63 patients. These nine patients showed statistically significant difference in upright SMA angles (p= 0.035). Doppler sonographic evaluation is a non-invasive method for diagnosis NS. Upright SMA angle measurement is more efficient than supine SMA angle measurement on clinicoradiological correlation.

  20. Congenital Renal Fusion and Ectopia in the Trauma Patient

    PubMed Central

    Ditchek, Jordan J.; Kiffin, Chauniqua; Carrillo, Eddy H.

    2016-01-01

    We present two separate cases of young male patients with congenital kidney anomalies (horseshoe and crossed fused renal ectopia) identified following blunt abdominal trauma. Despite being rare, ectopic and fusion anomalies of the kidneys are occasionally noted in a trauma patient during imaging or upon exploration of the abdomen. Incidental renal findings may influence the management of traumatic injuries to preserve and protect the patient's renal function. Renal anomalies may be asymptomatic or present with hematuria, flank or abdominal pain, hypotension, or shock, even following minor blunt trauma or low velocity impact. It is important for the trauma clinician to recognize that this group of congenital anomalies may contribute to unusual symptoms such as gross hematuria after minor trauma, are readily identifiable during CT imaging, and may affect operative management. These patients should be informed of their anatomical findings and encouraged to return for long-term follow-up. PMID:27895945

  1. Atypical Plasmacytic Proliferation in a Case of C3 Glomerulopathy

    PubMed Central

    Elfituri, Osama; Aardsma, Nathan; Setty, Suman; Behm, Frederick; Czech, Kimberly

    2017-01-01

    An 11-year-old Hispanic female underwent evaluation of asymptomatic proteinuria and hematuria. The patient denied fever, edema, and gross hematuria. Urinalysis showed mild proteinuria, and a urine microscopic examination revealed red blood cells. Screening tests for glomerulonephritis revealed a low C3 and negative ANA, ASO, DNAse-B, and ANCA. Histological examination of a renal biopsy specimen showed glomeruli with endocapillary proliferation, a predominant C3 deposition in the capillary loops by immunofluorescence, and electron dense deposits in the mesangium, paramesangium, and capillary walls by electron microscopy consistent with a diagnosis of C3 glomerulopathy. An interstitial plasmacytosis was also present with focal clustering of plasma cells, which were found to be kappa light chain restricted by in situ hybridization suggestive of a clonal proliferation. One can speculate that these plasma cells may be directly responsible for the renal pathology that was seen. PMID:28210641

  2. Urinary schistosomiasis among school children in Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Amole, B O; Jinadu, M K

    1994-09-01

    A study of urinary schistosomiasis among 553 randomly selected primary and secondary school children in Ile-Ife township in 1988 shows that nearly half (48.5%) of the school children were infected. There was a sharp increase in both the prevalence and intensity of the infection up to age 13 years which then declined slightly by age 14. About 50% of the infected school children had gross hematuria. There was an association between the intensity of the infection and the presence of hematuria. The main strategies recommended for the control of the infection were regular disinfection of ponds and streams in the town and adequate treatment of infected school children, backed up with school health education programme.

  3. An unusual electrical burn caused by alkaline batteries.

    PubMed

    Roan, Tyng-Luen; Yeong, Eng-Kean; Tang, Yueh-Bih

    2015-02-01

    Electrical burns caused by low-voltage batteries are rarely reported. We recently encountered a male patient who suffered from a superficial second-degree burn over his left elbow and back. The total body surface area of the burn was estimated to be 6%. After interviewing the patient, the cause was suspected to be related to the explosion of a music player on the left-side of his waist, carried on his belt while he was painting a bathroom wall. Elevated creatine kinase levels and hematuria indicated rhabdomyolysis and suggested an electrical burn. Initial treatment was done in the burn intensive care unit with fluid challenge and wound care. The creatine kinase level decreased gradually and the hematuria was gone after 4 days in the intensive care unit. He was then transferred to the general ward for further wound management and discharged from our burn center after a total of 11 days without surgical intervention.

  4. Bladder cavernous hemangioma. Case report.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez Collar, Tomás Lázaro; Casa de Valle Castro, Midalys; Báez Sarría, Felix; Trujillo Fernández, Reinerio

    2014-07-01

    To report a case of a bladder cavernous hemangioma, as well as the main features of its diagnosis and treatment. A 74 year old patient, regular smoker, presented with total macroscopic hematuria of moderate intensity with large rounded clots. On physical examination the patient's mucous membranes color was normal, and digital rectal examination showed a normal size prostate with fibroelastic consistency. An abdominal ultrasound was performed showing a slight bladder bottom thickening in addition to free clots and a homogeneous and normal prostate. Cystoscopy confirmed the presence of a sessile violet-colored rounded retrotrigonal tumor, 2 cm in diameter and 0.5 in height; it was immediately resected. The pathological study reported cavernous hemangioma. Patient's evolution has been satisfactory. Bladder cavernous hemangioma is a rare cause of hematuria, and transurethral resection of the small size lesions constitutes an effective option as a definitive surgical treatment.

  5. Migrated Mesh Plug Masquerading as a Bladder Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Dajani, Daoud; Aron, Monish

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: The purpose of this case presentation is to demonstrate how erosion of mesh into the bladder can initially present with the same symptoms as bladder malignancy. Case Presentation: A 62-year-old Hispanic male presented with 2 years of hematuria along with imaging concerning for a bladder tumor. The patient underwent cystoscopy with biopsy of a lesion at the anterior bladder. It was ultimately determined that a mesh plug from a prior hernia repair had migrated into the bladder. The mesh plug was excised using the Da Vinci Si robot, which allowed for efficient mobilization of the bladder and other anatomic structures, as well as rapid recovery. Conclusion: Our case demonstrates the need to consider mesh erosion as a cause of hematuria and, furthermore, shows how the robotic approach can help facilitate excision of migrated mesh into the bladder. PMID:28164159

  6. Innovative use of intravesical tacrolimus for hemorrhagic radiation cystitis.

    PubMed

    Dave, Chirag N; Chaus, Fahad; Chancellor, Michael B; Lajness, Michelle; Peters, Kenneth M

    2015-10-01

    Hemorrhagic cystitis is a rare and severe late complication of pelvic radiation, and there is no regulatory-approved drug treatment. We present an 81-year-old man with a history of localized prostate cancer, which was treated with external beam radiation therapy and subsequently developed severe hemorrhagic radiation cystitis for which he has failed several treatments. We present the novel use of intravesical tacrolimus for the treatment of refractory radiation cystitis and gross hematuria. The patient tolerated the treatment well, and it resulted in the resolution of his gross hematuria without further consideration for formalin instillation or cystectomy and diversion. Intravesical tacrolimus is a safe, minimally invasive, and promising treatment option for radiation hemorrhagic cystitis.

  7. Violent injuries to the upper ureter.

    PubMed

    Evans, R A; Smith, M J

    1976-07-01

    Frequently traumatic injury to the renal pelvis or upper ureter is overshadowed by multiple associated injuries. The diagnosis may be particularly difficult, due to the lack of hematuria and absence of pathognomonic findings. All too frequently the delayed manifestations of urinary wound drainage, retroperitoneal mass, or urinary ascites and sepsis first draw attention to the ureteral injury. A review of the problem and our experience with 16 such injuries is presented. As with other infrequent injuries the single and most important diagnostic factor is the prepared mind of the examiner. We feel all patients who have penetrating abdominal trauma, have fractured lumbar processes, or are involved in accidents where deceleration or extension occur should have infusion pyelography even in the absence of hematuria.

  8. [Travel related urinary schistosomiasis: case report].

    PubMed

    Özvatan, Tülay Şener; Koçak, Cengiz; Alver, Oktay; Mıstık, Reşit; Aslan, Emel

    2011-01-01

    Schistosomiasis is the second most frequent parasitic infection worldwide after malaria and is a major public health problem in various countries of the world. In our country due to the increasingf travel to endemic regions, the number of cases is also rising. We report herein a case of schistosomiasis who resided in Africa five years earlier and was referred to hospital with hematuria. Direct microscopic examination of the urine specimen revealed Schistosoma haematobium eggs. Epidemiology and clinical significance of schistosomiasis are also discussed.

  9. [The development and clinical applications of automatic negative pressure gun for biopsy].

    PubMed

    Chen, Jian; Chen, Xin-min; Xie, Fu-an; Gao, Xinxiang; Zhuang, Yongze; Yu, Yinghao; Yu, Zihua; Zheng, Zhiyong; Ma, Jimin

    2002-01-01

    Using the new negative pressure biopsy technology, the automatic negative pressure gun and the specific puncture needle for the biopsy have been developed. Renal biopsies were conducted in 1136 cases, with the success rate being 99.9%, and 29 cases gross hematuria while the hepatic biopsies were conducted in 16 cases, mass biopsies in 3 cases with the success rates being 100% respectively. The biopsy gun has the advantages of easy manipulation, higher success rate and lower incidence of complications.

  10. [Vesical schistosomiasis, case report and Spanish literature review].

    PubMed

    Donate Moreno, M J; Pastor Navarro, H; Giménez Bachs, J M; Carrión López, P; Segura Martín, M; Salinas Sánchez, A S; Virseda Rodríguez, J A

    2006-01-01

    Urinary schistosomiasis is an infection caused by parasite, Schistosoma haematobium. Squistosomiasis is an endemic disease in Africa and Middle East. We are presenting a case of a young immigrant male from Mali that came to our clinic with hematuria and miccional irritative syndrome during a year. Parasitological study reported Schimosoma's eggs and ecography showed a possible vesical newformation. After RTU, anatomopatological study confirms the presence of a vesical esquistosomiasis. Now pacient is asyntomatic after he was treated with Praziquantel.

  11. Investigation of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever and Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome in Greece

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-10-12

    nasal bleeding, hematuria and gross gastrointestinal bleeding. K-- F -6- Up todate 41 HFRS cases have been serologically diagnosed in Greece. The...CCHF in Greece up until April 1987, was discussed and the conclusions drawn are reported. 4 pA. : -3- B. HORAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROKE (HilS) B1...level. Two house rats (Rattus rattus) captured in a slaughter house in Thessaloniki were found to be seropositive (Table 2). _ _ I -9-. Todate

  12. Transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder in a 14-year-old dog

    PubMed Central

    Caswell, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    A 14-year-old spayed female poodle-pekinese dog with a history of hematuria was tentatively diagnosed with non-radiopaque uroliths or urinary bladder neoplasia following temporary resolution of clinical signs after several rounds of antibiotic treatments, normal abdominal radiographs and no growth on urine culture. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a mass in the trigone area of the urinary bladder which was confirmed to be an invasive transitional cell carcinoma by histopathology following euthanasia. PMID:22131588

  13. Unusual redo mitral valve replacement for bleeding in Glanzmann thrombasthenia.

    PubMed

    Garcia-Villarreal, Ovidio A; Fernández-Ceseña, Ernesto; Solano-Ricardi, Mercedes; Aguilar-García, Alma L; Vega-Hernández, Raquel; Del Angel-Soto, Gustavo

    2016-01-01

    We report the case of 23-year-old man with mitral valve regurgitation and Glanzmann thrombasthenia, who underwent mechanical mitral valve replacement. Warfarin therapy was devastating, causing bilateral hemothorax, pericardial effusion, gastrointestinal bleeding, and hematuria. Redo mitral valve replacement with a biological prosthesis was required to resolve this critical situation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of mitral valve replacement in Glanzmann thrombasthenia, highlighting the danger of oral anticoagulation in this pathology.

  14. An Overlapping Case of Alport Syndrome and Thin Basement Membrane Disease

    PubMed Central

    Alganabi, Mashriq; Eter, Ahmad

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of a 48-year-old male who presented with hematuria of at least 10 years, and has a daughter with hematuria as well. The patient has a history of degenerative hearing loss, decreased vision and cataract formation, but no diabetes, hypertension or proteinuria. A full serology and urology workup was negative for any abnormality. A kidney biopsy for the patient revealed a diagnosis of Alport syndrome but was unable to rule out thin basement membrane disease. The biopsy was inconclusive in making the diagnosis but the patient’s clinical presentation led to the diagnosis of Alport syndrome. The patient’s 10-year-old daughter also has hematuria with no clear etiology but now can subsequently be anticipatorily managed for Alport syndrome progression. Due to the rarity of the disease, diagnosis is often missed or delayed by primary care providers especially when no associated proteinuria has yet developed. This can lead to confusion and misdiagnosis with thin basement membrane disease, a generally benign hematuria without kidney failure progression. Additionally, biopsy can be inconclusive in these patients, relying on the physician’s history and physical examination findings to diagnose. It is important to appropriately diagnose Alport syndrome not only to manage the patient’s rate of kidney failure progression but also allow for a higher degree of suspicion, screening and intervention in the patient’s family members. Both the inconclusive nature of kidney biopsies and the usefulness of diagnosis for family member screening are often overlooked in medical literature but are explored in this case. PMID:27635185

  15. Hepatic-associated immunoglobulin-A nephropathy in a child with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension.

    PubMed

    Alghamdi, Sharifa A; Saadah, Omar I; Almatury, Nesreen; Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah

    2012-01-01

    Hepatic-associated immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy is a relatively common condition that occurs in adults with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. However, it is rare in children. This condition is characterized by the deposition of IgA in the renal glomeruli. The present report describes a 14-year-old boy with cryptogenic liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension who presented with hematuria and proteinuria associated with histological changes of IgA nephropathy.

  16. Hepatic-Associated Immunoglobulin-A Nephropathy in a Child with Liver Cirrhosis and Portal Hypertension

    PubMed Central

    Alghamdi, Sharifa A.; Saadah, Omar I.; Almatury, Nesreen; Al-Maghrabi, Jaudah

    2012-01-01

    Hepatic-associated immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy is a relatively common condition that occurs in adults with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. However, it is rare in children. This condition is characterized by the deposition of IgA in the renal glomeruli. The present report describes a 14-year-old boy with cryptogenic liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension who presented with hematuria and proteinuria associated with histological changes of IgA nephropathy. PMID:22626802

  17. Transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder in a 14-year-old dog.

    PubMed

    Caswell, Melissa

    2011-06-01

    A 14-year-old spayed female poodle-pekinese dog with a history of hematuria was tentatively diagnosed with non-radiopaque uroliths or urinary bladder neoplasia following temporary resolution of clinical signs after several rounds of antibiotic treatments, normal abdominal radiographs and no growth on urine culture. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a mass in the trigone area of the urinary bladder which was confirmed to be an invasive transitional cell carcinoma by histopathology following euthanasia.

  18. A case of bilateral testicular calcifications in a bicycle motocross rider accompanied by bulbar urethral injury.

    PubMed

    Izumi, Kouji; Konaka, Hiroyuki; Seto, Chikashi; Komatsu, Kazuto; Yokoyama, Osamu; Namiki, Mikio

    2006-05-01

    A 21-year-old Japanese man who was a professional bicycle motocross rider injured his perineum during a competition. Chief complaints were gross hematuria, perineal pain, and subcutaneous ecchymosis of the scrotum. Urethrocystography revealed a torn bulbar urethra and extravasation in the same region. Scrotal ultrasonography revealed small calcifications in the bilateral testes. Here, we report a case of bilateral testicular calcifications caused by the continuous shock and vibration of the saddle in an off-road bicycle rider.

  19. Matrix Metalloproteinases as a Therapeutic Target to Improve Neurologic Recovery after Spinal Cord Injury

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    opposed to the planned month 4. 1c. Order 10 purpose bred dogs (month 4) Beagle -like dogs were obtained through the TAMU comparative...measurements will be utilized to calculate residual bladder volume as has been previously described in dogs with IVDH. Ten healthy beagle ...ultrasound was obtained in 10 Beagle -like dogs with few complications. In 2/10 dogs, hematuria was present following cystometry, but resolved within 24

  20. Signalment, clinical features, and outcome for male horses with urethral rents following perineal urethrotomy or corpus spongiotomy: 33 cases (1989-2013).

    PubMed

    Glass, Kati G; Arnold, Carolyn E; Varner, Dickson D; Chaffin, M Keith; Schumacher, James

    2016-12-15

    OBJECTIVE To describe the signalment, clinical features, and outcome for male horses with urethral rents following perineal urethrotomy (PU) or corpus spongiotomy (CS). DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 33 horses. PROCEDURES Medical records of male horses examined because of hematuria or hemospermia caused by urethral rents that underwent PU or CS at a referral hospital between 1989 and 2013 were reviewed. Data regarding signalment, clinical features, urethroscopic findings, surgical treatment, and outcome were recorded. Long-term follow-up information was obtained by telephone interviews. RESULTS Age of the study population ranged from 3 to 18 years. Nineteen geldings and 1 stallion were examined because of hematuria, of which 13 and 7 underwent PU and CS, respectively, at a mean of 56 days after onset of clinical signs. Thirteen stallions were examined because of hemospermia, of which 7 and 6 underwent PU and CS, respectively, at a mean of 193 days after onset of clinical signs. Hematuria resolved following 1 surgical procedure in all 17 horses for which long-term information was available. Of the 12 stallions for which long-term information was available, 7 had resolution of hemospermia after 1 PU or CS and 5 developed recurrent hemospermia that required additional PUs or CSs (n = 3) or primary closure of the urethral rent (2). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results indicated that PU and CS were reliable treatments for resolution of hematuria in male horses with urethral rents; stallions with urethral rents may require multiple PUs or CSs or primary closure of the rent for resolution of hemospermia.

  1. Mortality Predictors in Patients with Severe Dengue in the State of Amazonas, Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Pinto, Rosemary Costa; de Castro, Daniel Barros; de Albuquerque, Bernardino Cláudio; Sampaio, Vanderson de Souza; dos Passos, Ricardo Augusto; da Costa, Cristiano Fernandes; Sadahiro, Megumi; Braga, José Ueleres

    2016-01-01

    Dengue is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. There is a lack of information on the risk factors for death due to severe dengue fever in developing countries, including Brazil where the state of Amazonas is located. This knowledge is important for decision making and the implementation of effective measures for patient care. This study aimed to identify factors associated with death among patients with severe dengue, in Amazonas from 2001 to 2013. We conducted a retrospective cohort study based on secondary data from the epidemiological surveillance of dengue provided by the Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas, FVS (Health Surveillance Foundation) of the Secretaria de Saúde do Amazonas, SUSAM (Health Secretariat of the State of Amazonas). Data on dengue cases were obtained from the SINAN (Notifiable Diseases Information System) and SIM (Mortality Information System) databases. We selected cases of severe dengue with laboratory confirmation, including dengue-related deaths of residents in the state of Amazonas from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2013. The explanatory variables analyzed were sex, age, level of education, spontaneous hemorrhagic manifestations, plasma extravasation and platelet count. Patients who died due to severe dengue had more hematuria, gastrointestinal bleeding, and thrombocytopenia than the survivors. Considering the simultaneous effects of demographic and clinical characteristics with a multiple logistic regression model, it was observed that the factors associated with death were age >55 years (odds ratio [OR] 4.98), gastrointestinal bleeding (OR 10.26), hematuria (OR 5.07), and thrombocytopenia (OR 2.55). Gastrointestinal bleeding was the clinical sign most strongly associated with death, followed by hematuria and age >55 years. The study results showed that the best predictor of death from severe dengue is based on the characteristic of age >55 years, together with the clinical signs of

  2. Long-term Results of Endovascular Stent Graft Placement of Ureteroarterial Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Okada, Takuya Yamaguchi, Masato; Muradi, Akhmadu Nomura, Yoshikatsu; Uotani, Kensuke; Idoguchi, Koji; Miyamoto, Naokazu Kawasaki, Ryota; Taniguchi, Takanori; Okita, Yutaka; Sugimoto, Koji

    2013-08-01

    PurposeTo evaluate the safety, efficacy, and long-term results of endovascular stent graft placement for ureteroarterial fistula (UAF).MethodsWe retrospectively analyzed stent graft placement for UAF performed at our institution from 2004 to 2012. Fistula location was assessed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and angiography, and freedom from hematuria recurrence and mortality rates were estimated.ResultsStent graft placement for 11 UAFs was performed (4 men, mean age 72.8 {+-} 11.6 years). Some risk factors were present, including long-term ureteral stenting in 10 (91 %), pelvic surgery in 8 (73 %), and pelvic radiation in 5 (45 %). Contrast-enhanced CT and/or angiography revealed fistula or encasement of the artery in 6 cases (55 %). In the remaining 5 (45 %), angiography revealed no abnormality, and the suspected fistula site was at the crossing area between urinary tract and artery. All procedures were successful. However, one patient died of urosepsis 37 days after the procedure. At a mean follow-up of 548 (range 35-1,386) days, 4 patients (36 %) had recurrent hematuria, and two of them underwent additional treatment with secondary stent graft placement and surgical reconstruction. The hematuria recurrence-free rates at 1 and 2 years were 76.2 and 40.6 %, respectively. The freedom from UAF-related and overall mortality rates at 2 years were 85.7 and 54.9 %, respectively.ConclusionEndovascular stent graft placement for UAF is a safe and effective method to manage acute events. However, the hematuria recurrence rate remains high. A further study of long-term results in larger number of patients is necessary.

  3. [IgG4 associated nephritis and recurrent hemoptysis: Case report].

    PubMed

    Erlij, Daniel; Rivera, Ángela; Maya, Juan Carlos; Cuellar, Carolina; Correa, Gonzalo; Michalland, Susana; Méndez, Gonzalo P

    2017-01-01

    IgG4 disease is a multi-systemic condition involving pancreas, salivary glands and lymph nodes. Less frequently, it causes interstitial nephritis and involves the lungs. We report a 58 years old male with a four years history of hemoptysis and renal dysfunction characterized by hematuria and proteinuria, responsive to steroidal therapy. The renal biopsy established the diagnosis of IgG4 associated interstitial nephritis. Lung involvement was considered secondary to the same systemic disease.

  4. Genetic Modeling of Radiation Injury in Prostate Cancer Patients Treated with Radiotherapy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-01

    provide the statistical power necessary to identify additional loci missed by analysis of the individual GWASs. We also proposed that analysis of...SNP array. We have checked, cleaned and formatted the clinical and toxicity data for each of these studies. Table 1 reports summary statistics for...symptoms. c. Completed statistical analysis of urinary frequency, hematuria, and rectal bleeding using all cohorts and decreased urinary stream among

  5. [Treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis caused by cyclophosphamide using intravesical instillation of potassium alum. Apropos of 5 cases].

    PubMed

    Gattegno, B; Guillemenot, F; Fiatte, P; Cohen, L; Becker, A; Gluckman, E; Thibault, P

    1990-01-01

    Five patients with malignant hemopathies, including four treated by bone marrow transplantation, developed cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis that failed to respond to the usual treatments. Each was treated by continuous irrigation of the bladder with potassium alum. Hematuria ceased in three patients followed up for 5 to 10 months. A review of the literature confirmed the 75% success rate of this treatment. No local side effects were recorded, but one patient had a single seizure.

  6. Urologic manifestations of the iliacus hematoma syndrome.

    PubMed

    Colapinto, V; Comisarow, R H

    1979-08-01

    Anticoagulated patients may have a characteristic syndrome of femoral neuropathy from an iliacus muscle hematoma. They may present with urologic signs and symptoms, including groin, flank and thigh pain, groin tenderness, an iliac fossa mass and hematuria. Urography may reveal an enlarged psoas shadow and hydronephrosis from ureteral obstruction. Prompt diagnosis is essential so that early operative decompression of the femoral nerve can be done. The urologist has an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of this syndrome.

  7. Hemorrhagic urethritis in female-to-male transsexual. Possible androgen-related phenomena.

    PubMed

    Cohen, M S; Sanchez, R L

    1987-12-01

    This article describes a case of hematuria and urethritis related to androgen stimulation in a female-to-male transsexual receiving testosterone cypionate. Biopsy of the affected urethral tissue revealed periurethral glands which demonstrated a strong positive reaction with immunoperoxidase staining for prostatic specific antigen. When the androgen stimulus was reduced, the patient's symptoms resolved. This report gives evidence for possible androgen-induced pathology in the female urethra.

  8. Tumors of the kidney, ureter, and bladder.

    PubMed Central

    See, W. A.; Williams, R. D.

    1992-01-01

    Neoplastic diseases of the kidneys and urinary collecting system are relatively common, but when detected early, they have an excellent prognosis. Because gross or microscopic hematuria may be an early harbinger of genitourinary pathology, the primary care physician and internist play an integral role in diagnosing these diseases. A high index of suspicion together with a thorough history, physical examination, and appropriate diagnostic studies will enable the correct diagnosis and improved patient management in most cases. Images PMID:1595278

  9. Ureteroscopic surgery: changing times and perspectives.

    PubMed

    Bagley, Demetrius H

    2004-02-01

    Ureteroscopy developed as an extension of cystoscopic techniques into the upper urinary tract with smaller, rigid, and flexible endoscopes. Smaller working instruments have made therapeutic procedures possible. Ureteroscopy has become the technique of choice to diagnose and treat benign essential hematuria and has a major role in treating ureteropelvic junction obstruction, upper tract neoplasms, and calculi. Finally, there is a need for smaller and more effective endoscopes and working devices.

  10. [Diagnosis and treatment of bladder schistosomiasis from penitentiary primary care: case report].

    PubMed

    Bedoya del Campillo, A; Martínez-Carpio, P A; Leal, M J; Lleopart, N

    2012-01-01

    We describe a case of a patient from Senegal with voiding symptoms and microscopic hematuria diagnosed and treated for bladder schistosomiasis in the medical services of the Youth Prison in Barcelona. According to our information in the Medline database no bladder schistosomiasis cases have been seen in primary care outside endemic areas. Patients can be diagnosed and treated before referral to specialized care for further study of possible complications.

  11. Analysis of 4931 renal biopsy data in central China from 1994 to 2014.

    PubMed

    Xu, Xiu; Ning, Yong; Shang, Weifeng; Li, Menglan; Ku, Ming; Li, Qing; Li, Yueqiang; Dai, Wei; Shao, Jufang; Zeng, Rui; Han, Min; He, Xiaofeng; Yao, Ying; Lv, Yongman; Liu, Xiaocheng; Ge, Shuwang; Xu, Gang

    2016-08-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the changing spectrum and clinicopathologic correlation of biopsy-proven renal diseases in central China. We retrospectively analyzed data of 4931 patients who underwent renal biopsy in ten hospitals between September 1994 and December 2014. Among them, 81.55% were primary glomerular diseases (GD), and 13.02% were secondary GD. IgA nephropathy (IgAN) was the most common primary GD (43.45%), followed by focal glomerulonephritis (16.79%), mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN, 14.35%), and membranous nephropathy (MN, 13.28%). IgAN was leading primary GD in patients under 60 years old, while MN was the leading one over 60 years old. The most frequent secondary GD was lupus nephritis (LN) (47.35%). The prevalence of IgAN, MN and minimal change disease was found to increase significantly (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p < 0.01, respectively), while that of MsPGN, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis and LN decreased significantly (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p < 0.05, respectively). The main indication for renal biopsy was proteinuria and hematuria (49.03%), followed by nephrotic syndrome (NS, 20.36%). IgAN was the most common cause in patients with proteinuria and hematuria, chronic-progressive kidney injury, hematuria and acute kidney injury; and MN was the leading cause of NS. Primary GD remained the predominant renal disease in central China. IgAN and LN were the most prevalent histopathologic lesions of primary and secondary GD, respectively. The spectrum of biopsy-proven renal disease had a great change in the past two decades. Proteinuria and hematuria was the main indication for renal biopsy.

  12. Primary malignant lymphoma of urinary bladder.

    PubMed

    Aigen, A B; Phillips, M

    1986-09-01

    A case of primary malignant lymphoma of the urinary bladder is described. The classic presentation of gross hematuria and dysuria with a benign clinical course is illustrated. From a review of the literature and our experience, we conclude that localized primary lymphoma of the bladder, especially those with favorable histologic findings, often does not require medical or surgical intervention. Persistent irritative bladder symptoms can be palliated adequately with external beam radiotherapy, while surgical intervention is rarely indicated.

  13. Diagnostic pathways for exclusion and diagnosis of kidney diseases.

    PubMed

    Hofmann, Walter; Ehrich, Jochen H H; Guder, Walter G; Keller, Frieder; Scherberich, Jürgen E

    2012-01-01

    In 2006, the German Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine together with the Society of Nephrology founded a working group with the aim to develop diagnostic pathways for the detection and differentiation of renal diseases. Based on existing recommendations, these pathways may be structured to be a basis for implementation into hospital and laboratory information systems. The present paper describes the contents of these pathways regarding glomerular filtration rate, hematuria, leukocyturia and proteinuria.

  14. Hyperoxaluria and Genitourinary Disorders in Children Ingesting Almond Milk Products.

    PubMed

    Ellis, Demetrius; Lieb, Jessica

    2015-11-01

    We describe 3 children presenting with hematuria, dysuria or kidney stones, and hyperoxaluria believed to be related to ingestion of excessive amounts of almond milk products. Our investigation of the oxalate content of several popular plant-based milk substitutes indicates that almond milk products are a particularly rich source of dietary oxalate. All genitourinary and urinary metabolic disturbances resolved after discontinuation of almond milk ingestion. Therefore, pediatricians should be aware of this potential link.

  15. Matrix Metalloproteinases as a Therapeutic Target to Improve Neurologic Recovery After Spinal Cord Injury

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    voiding pressure will be classified as having reflex dyssynergia. Voided volume and voiding efficiency will be calculated. Bladder ultrasound will be...without manual assistance. Immediately following voiding, an ultrasound machine will be used to measure transverse depth, transverse width...measures and post-voiding bladder ultrasound was obtained in 10 Beagle-like dogs with few complications. In 2/10 dogs, hematuria was present following

  16. Renal Infarction Caused by Spontaneous Renal Artery Dissection: Treatment with Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis and Stenting

    SciTech Connect

    Jeon, Yong Sun Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Ki Cheon

    2009-03-15

    Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is rare and presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. We report a case of a 36-year-old man who had an SRAD-complicated renal infarction. The patient experienced severe unilateral flank pain. Enhanced abdominal computed axial tomography scan showed renal infarction, and urinalysis showed no hematuria. Selective renal angiography was essential to evaluate the extent of dissection and suitability for repair. The patient was treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis and frenal artery stenting.

  17. Complications of initial prostate biopsy in a European randomized screening trial

    PubMed Central

    van den Heuvel, Suzanne; Loeb, Stacy; Zhu, Xiaoye; Verhagen, Paul CMS; Schröder, Fritz H; Bangma, Chris H; Roobol, Monique J

    2013-01-01

    Background: Transrectal prostate needle biopsy (PNB) is a standard procedure for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. We recently found an increasing frequency of hospitalization with infectious complications associated with PNB over time. Objective: To perform an updated analysis of overall complication rates in a large screening population over the past 18 years and to examine possible predictors of complications on initial PNB. Design, Setting and Participants: From 1993-2011, 7216 men underwent initial lateralized sextant PNB in European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC) Rotterdam. After 2 weeks a questionnaire was administered to 6962 men regarding PNB-related complications. Outcome Measurements & Statistical Analysis: Overall complication rates as well as specific complications (hematuria for >3 days, hematospermia, significant pain after biopsy, fever, and hospitalizations) were prospectively recorded. Multivariable logistic regression models were performed to assess the relationship between age, comorbidities, and prostate volume with specific complications. Results and Limitations: A total of 4674 (67.1%) men reported any sequelae after initial PNB, with hematospermia as the most frequent (53.8%), followed by hematuria (24.3%). Significant pain (4.8%), fever (4.1%), and hospital admission (0.7%) were reported less frequently. Hematospermia was significantly more likely in younger men with fewer comorbidities and smaller prostate volume; whereas hematuria was significantly more frequent among men with increasing comorbidities and prostate volume. In addition, pain was inversely associated with age and was also reported less frequently during later years of biopsy. Limitations of our study include the use of sextant biopsies and a relatively healthy population, while strengths include the large sample size and data on patient-specific covariates. Conclusion: Many men experience minor complications after initial PNB, although the

  18. [Possible correlations of Berger's disease and Schonlein-Henoch purpura].

    PubMed

    Maffei, S; Stefanelli, M; Germini, G; Bragetti, P; Riommi, R; Cesarini, A R; Rufini, S; Castellucci, G

    1989-01-01

    A case of IgA nephropathy is described. The patient had only an attack of Henoch-Schonlein purpura without renal involvement when she was 7 years old. After 6 years of normal urinalysis she developed repeated bouts of gross hematuria and proteinuria. In renal biopsy typical features of Berger's disease were found. This particular case permits to debate whether the two diseases suffered by our patient were related or quite different.

  19. Idiopathic membranous nephropathy associated with polycystic kidney disease.

    PubMed

    Kengne-Wafo, Severin; Massella, Laura; Diomedi-Camassei, Francesca; Emma, Francesco

    2010-05-01

    Membranous nephropathy (MN) and polycystic kidney disease are both relatively rare diseases in children. On rare exceptions, these two conditions have been associated in adults. We report here the first case of a pediatric patient with this association. This 6-year-old child presented with gross hematuria, nephrotic syndrome, and mild renal failure. A renal ultrasound subsequently revealed that the patient also had polycystic kidney disease.

  20. Mortality Predictors in Patients with Severe Dengue in the State of Amazonas, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Pinto, Rosemary Costa; Castro, Daniel Barros de; Albuquerque, Bernardino Cláudio de; Sampaio, Vanderson de Souza; Passos, Ricardo Augusto Dos; Costa, Cristiano Fernandes da; Sadahiro, Megumi; Braga, José Ueleres

    2016-01-01

    Dengue is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. There is a lack of information on the risk factors for death due to severe dengue fever in developing countries, including Brazil where the state of Amazonas is located. This knowledge is important for decision making and the implementation of effective measures for patient care. This study aimed to identify factors associated with death among patients with severe dengue, in Amazonas from 2001 to 2013. We conducted a retrospective cohort study based on secondary data from the epidemiological surveillance of dengue provided by the Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas, FVS (Health Surveillance Foundation) of the Secretaria de Saúde do Amazonas, SUSAM (Health Secretariat of the State of Amazonas). Data on dengue cases were obtained from the SINAN (Notifiable Diseases Information System) and SIM (Mortality Information System) databases. We selected cases of severe dengue with laboratory confirmation, including dengue-related deaths of residents in the state of Amazonas from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2013. The explanatory variables analyzed were sex, age, level of education, spontaneous hemorrhagic manifestations, plasma extravasation and platelet count. Patients who died due to severe dengue had more hematuria, gastrointestinal bleeding, and thrombocytopenia than the survivors. Considering the simultaneous effects of demographic and clinical characteristics with a multiple logistic regression model, it was observed that the factors associated with death were age >55 years (odds ratio [OR] 4.98), gastrointestinal bleeding (OR 10.26), hematuria (OR 5.07), and thrombocytopenia (OR 2.55). Gastrointestinal bleeding was the clinical sign most strongly associated with death, followed by hematuria and age >55 years. The study results showed that the best predictor of death from severe dengue is based on the characteristic of age >55 years, together with the clinical signs of

  1. Leber's congenital amaurosis with associated nephronophthisis.

    PubMed

    Roizenblatt, J; Peduti Cunha, L A

    1980-01-01

    The authors present a case of a 15-year-old girl with Leber's congenital amaurosis with associated nephronophthisis. The main findings in this case are: congenital blindness; enophthalmos; photophobia; nystagmus; keratoconus; cataracts; pigmentary degeneration in the fundus of both eyes; progressive uremia with absence of hematuria, proteinuria, pyuria, and glycosuria; low urinary density, normal lipidic profile; osteoporosis; absence of edema; polydipsia; polyuria; and a history of consanguinity between her parents. Tranmission of this entity allows an autosomal recessive pattern.

  2. Renal hemangiopericytoma: case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Vetorazzo, José Eduardo; Bahia, Leandro Augusto Costa; Esteves, Paulo Ebert; Maron, Paulo Eduardo Goulart; Vedovato, Bruno César; Fernandes, Roni de Carvalho; Perez, Marjo Deninson Cardenuto

    2015-01-01

    Hemangioperycytoma is a rare perivascular tumor that seldom involves the urogenital system. This tumor often appears with an unspecific clinical picture, and sometimes is associated with hematuria or hypertension. Diagnosis is based on a combination of histological and immunohistological findings. We report a case of a 52-year-old patient with renal hemangiopericytoma who underwent surgical treatment at our service. This report also includes a literature review on the subject. PMID:25946050

  3. Delayed Diagnosis of Iatrogenic Bladder Perforation in a Neonate

    PubMed Central

    Perez, Jose A.; Rich, Mark A.; Swana, Hubert S.

    2016-01-01

    Iatrogenic bladder injuries have been reported in the neonate during umbilical artery/vein catheterization, voiding cystourethrogram, urinary catheterizations, and overwhelming hypoxic conditions. Patients with iatrogenic bladder perforations can present with acute abdomen indicating urinary peritonitis, septic-uremic shock, or subtle symptoms like abdominal distension, pain, hematuria, uremia, electrolyte imbalances, and/or difficulty urinating. The following neonatal case report of perforated bladder includes a review of the signs, symptoms, diagnostic tools, and management of bladder injury in neonates. PMID:27747129

  4. Assessing the WHO 50% Prevalence Threshold in School-Aged Children as Indication for Treatment of Urogenital Schistosomiasis in Adults in Central Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Evans, Darin S.; King, Jonathan D.; Eigege, Abel; Umaru, John; Adamani, William; Alphonsus, Kal; Sambo, Yohanna; Miri, Emmanual S.; Goshit, Danjuma; Ogah, Gladys; Richards, Frank O.

    2013-01-01

    Preventive chemotherapy with praziquantel is recommended in adults by the World Health Organization when prevalence of schistosomiasis in school-aged children (SAC) is ≥ 50%. This study ascertained the value of this threshold in predicting prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma hematobium (SH) infection in adults in central Nigeria. We evaluated urogenital schistosomiasis prevalence in 1,164 adults: 659 adults in 12 communities where mean hematuria among SAC in 2008 was 26.6% and 505 adults in 7 communities where the mean hematuria among SAC in 2008 was 70.4%. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups of adults in prevalence of hematuria, prevalence of SH eggs, or intensity of infections. We conclude that, in this setting, the SAC threshold is not useful for treatment decisions in adults. Given the increased risk of subtle morbidity or urogenital schistosomiasis as a risk factor for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), more liberal treatment of adults with praziquantel is warranted. PMID:23382170

  5. Glucocorticoid-induced laminitis with hepatopathy in a Thoroughbred filly.

    PubMed

    Ryu, Seung Ho; Kim, Byung Sun; Lee, Chang Woo; Yoon, Junghee; Lee, Yonghoon Lyon

    2004-09-01

    A 3-year-old Thoroughbred filly was referred to the Equine Hospital, Korea Racing Association for evaluation of hematuria, inappetite, weight loss and depression. From 25 days prior to admission, the horse was treated for right carpal lameness with 20 mg intramuscular administration of triamcinolone acetonide per day for consecutive 10 days by a local veterinarian. Clinical and laboratory findings included vaginal hyperemia, flare in bladder wall, neutrophilia, lymphopenia, polyuria, polydipsia and laminitis in the end. High activities of aspartate transaminase and gamma glutamyltransferase and high concentration of total bilirubin indicated hepatopathy. Further hematology, serum biochemistry and urinalysis did not reveal any abnormalities. Medical history, physical and clinicopathologic findings suggest that the laminitis and hepatopathy in this horse were most likely induced by repeated administration of exogenous corticosteroid. However, guarded prognosis of treating laminitis undermined the benefit of improvement of hematuria following electroacupuncture stimulation. The combined stimulation of kidney related acupoints (Shen Peng, Shen Shu), lumber related acupoints (Yao Qian, Yao Zhong) and associate acupoints (Guan Yuan Shu, Bai Hui) at 5Hz, 1-2V, for 40 minutes was of value in the treatment of hematuria. This case shows that horses under steroids may exhibit laminitis and steroid hepatopathy. Early recognition and good management of laminitis are important in the limitation of complications.

  6. Urinary screening for asymptomatic renal disorders in pre-school children in Enugu metropolis, South-east Nigeria: Useful or useless.

    PubMed

    Odetunde, Odutola Israel; Odetunde, Oluwatoyin Arinola; Neboh, Emeka Ernest; Okafor, Henrietta Uche; Njeze, Ngozi Rosemary; Azubuike, Jonathan Chukwuemeka

    2015-11-01

    To evaluate the usefulness of simple screening tests such as urinalysis and blood pressure measurement in the early detection of renal disorders in pre-School children, we used a multi-staged random sampling method to select subjects from registered nursery schools within Enugu metropolis in south-east Nigeria. We selected 630 children for this cohort study. There was a prevalence of 2.7%, 0% and 1.9% for asymptomatic proteinuria, hematuria and hypertension, respectively. There was no age, gender or social class preponderance (P = 0.44). Hypertension seemed to be limited to children close to the age group of five years (P <0.001). No correlations could be documented between asymptomatic proteinuria, hematuria or hypertension. The prevalence of persistent proteinuria was found to be 1.6% and the mean urinary protein excretion estimation (spot urine protein/creatinine) was 1.88 g/mg ± 0.53, with a mean glomerular filtration rate of 78.7 ± 12.6 mL/min/1.73 m³ . Renal ultrasonography revealed abnormal findings in 30% of the children with persistent proteinuria. Asymptomatic persistent proteinuria with or without hematuria and hypertension could be a presumptive evidence of an underlying renal parenchymal disease and should be properly investigated and followed-up.

  7. Schistosoma haematobium Infection That Mimics Bladder Cancer in a 66-Year-Old Ethnic Egyptian Man.

    PubMed

    Zepeda, Celenne Morfin; Coffey, Kristen H

    2015-01-01

    66-year-old ethnic Egyptian man. Hematuria. The patient had a history of multiple episodes of gross hematuria for the past 5 years. Because the hematuria usually resolved on its own, he did not seek medical attention during that time. Bladder cancer was suspected. The patient had a history of coronary artery disease, hypertension, nephrolithiasis, congestive heart failure, lifelong smoking, and ischemic cardiomyopathy. He has been taking the anticoagulants clopidogrel (Plavix) and warfarin (Coumadin). The patient is originally from Egypt and has been living in the United States for the past 10 years. A complete blood count showed a hemoglobin of 13.0 g per dL (reference range, 14.0 to 18.0 g per dL), hematocrit 40% (40% to 54%), red blood cell count (RBC) 4.65 × 10(9) per L (4.60 to 6.00), and platelet count 179 × 10(9) per L (150 to 450). The urinalysis results showed 3+ protein, 4+ blood, and urine RBC of greater than 100 per high power field (hpf). The urinalysis results did not indicate the presence of parasitic ova or adult parasites. Based on these results, the physician ordered cystoscopic testing, suspecting bladder cancer. Analysis of the bladder tissue showed inflammation (Image 1) and several ova that were consistent with developing Schistosoma (Image 2). Many of the ova were calcified and surrounded by severely inflamed tissue (Image 3). Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP).

  8. Paraneoplastic leukocytosis in a dog with a renal carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Petterino, Claudio; Luzio, Elisabetta; Baracchini, Luca; Ferrari, Angelo; Ratto, Alessandra

    2011-03-01

    A 7-year-old male German Shepherd dog in poor body condition had a 3-month history of intermittent hematuria. Nonregenerative anemia, mild leukocytosis, marked hypoalbuminemia, and hematuria were observed. Subsequently, marked neutrophilia and moderate monocytosis were noted; anemia, hypoalbuminemia, and hematuria persisted; and the dog developed disseminated intravascular coagulation. Ultrasonographic examination of the abdomen revealed the presence of an enlarged and irregularly shaped right kidney with a large area of cavitation, and a nephrectomy was performed 30 days after initial examination. Cytologic examination of fine-needle aspirates and imprints of the right kidney revealed a neoplastic cell population suggestive of renal carcinoma. The histopathologic diagnosis was chromophobic cystic-papillary renal carcinoma. The tumor cells expressed granulocytic/macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), detected by immunohistochemical staining, and elaboration of GM-CSF by the tumor may have mediated the leukocytosis in this dog. Following excision of the tumor, neutrophil and monocyte counts were only mildly increased. The dog died 135 days after initial presentation, and a necropsy was not permitted. Paraneoplastic neutrophilic leukocytosis is an uncommon finding and may be caused by elaboration of CSF by neoplastic cells. ©2011 American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology.

  9. Screening for kidney disease in children on World Kidney Day in Jalisco, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Koshy, Susan M; Garcia-Garcia, Guillermo; Pamplona, Jacob Sandoval; Renoirte-Lopez, Karina; Perez-Cortes, Gustavo; Gutierrez, Ma Luisa Salazar; Hemmelgarn, Brenda; Lloyd, Anita; Tonelli, Marcello

    2009-06-01

    World Kidney Day (WKD) is intended to raise awareness and increase detection of chronic kidney disease (CKD), but most emphasis is placed on adults rather than children. We examined yield of screening for CKD and hypertension among poor children in Mexico. On WKD (2006, 2007), children (age < 18 years) without known CKD were invited to participate at two screening stations. We measured body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and serum creatinine, and performed dipstick urinalysis. The Schwartz equation was used to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR; reduced GFR defined as < 60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)). Proteinuria and hematuria were defined by a reading of >or= 1+ protein or blood on dipstick. Hypertension was defined by gender, age, and height-specific norms. In total, 240 children were screened (mean age 8.9 +/- 4.1 years; 44.2% male). Proteinuria and hematuria were detected in 38 (16.1%) and 41 (17.5%), respectively; 15% had BMI > 95th percentile for age. Reduced GFR was detected in four (1.7%) individuals. Systolic hypertension was more prevalent in younger children (age 0-8 years, 19.6%; age 9-13 years, 7.1%; age 14-17 years, 5.3%) suggesting a possible white-coat effect. Hematuria, proteinuria, hypertension and obesity were frequently detected among children in a community based screening program in Mexico. This form of screening might be useful in identifying children with CKD and hypertension in developing nations.

  10. Biological characteristics of pediatric renal cell carcinoma associated with Xp11.2 translocations/TFE3 gene fusions.

    PubMed

    Song, Hong Cheng; Sun, Ning; Zhang, Wei Ping; He, LeJian; Fu, Libing; Huang, ChengRu

    2014-04-01

    To investigate the clinical features of pediatric Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC). A retrospective review of 22 cases over 35 years. Xp11.2 translocation RCCs were identified in 13 boys and 9 girls with a median age of 10.5 years (range: 2.5-16 years). RCC presented with hematuria in 17, abdominal mass in 1, abdominal masses with hematuria in 2, abdominal pain with hematuria in 1, and as an incidental finding in 1 patient. Ten patients were classified stage I, 10 were stage III, and two were stage IV. Of the 10 patients with stage I RCCs, 3 patients with tumor measuring less than 7 cm had nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) and 17 patients underwent simple nephrectomy. A 15-cm tumor was incompletely removed in one patient and another patient with a 25-cm × 18-cm × 15-cm tumor had gross residual. Of the 15 patients followed up between 6 months and 35 years, 13 were still living and 2 had died after surgery. Xp11.2 translocation RCC is the predominant form of pediatric RCC, associated with advanced stage at presentation. Nephrectomy is the usual treatment for RCC but NSS is an option for patients with tumors measuring<7 cm. Patients with N+M0 maintained a favorable prognosis following surgery alone. © 2014.

  11. Modelling the Impact of Fractionation on Late Urinary Toxicity After Postprostatectomy Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Fiorino, Claudio; Cozzarini, Cesare; Rancati, Tiziana; Briganti, Alberto; Cattaneo, Giovanni Mauro; Mangili, Paola; Di Muzio, Nadia Gisella; Calandrino, Riccardo

    2014-12-01

    Purpose: To fit urinary toxicity data of patients treated with postprostatectomy radiation therapy with the linear quadratic (LQ) model with/without introducing a time factor. Methods and Materials: Between 1993 and 2010, 1176 patients were treated with conventional fractionation (1.8 Gy per fraction, median 70.2 Gy, n=929) or hypofractionation (2.35-2.90 Gy per fraction, n=247). Data referred to 2004-2010 (when all schemes were in use, n=563; conventional fractionation: 316; hypofractionation: 247) were fitted as a logit function of biological equivalent dose (BED), according to the LQ model with/without including a time factor γ (fixing α/β = 5 Gy). The 3-year risks of severe urethral stenosis, incontinence, and hematuria were considered as endpoints. Best-fit parameters were derived, and the resulting BEDs were taken in multivariable backward logistic models, including relevant clinical variables, considering the whole population. Results: The 3-year incidences of severe stenosis, incontinence, and hematuria were, respectively, 6.6%, 4.8%, and 3.3% in the group treated in 2004-2010. The best-fitted α/β values were 0.81 Gy and 0.74 Gy for incontinence and hematuria, respectively, with the classic LQ formula. When fixing α/β = 5 Gy, best-fit values for γ were, respectively, 0.66 Gy/d and 0.85 Gy/d. Sensitivity analyses showed reasonable values for γ (0.6-1.0 Gy/d), with comparable goodness of fit for α/β values between 3.5 and 6.5 Gy. Likelihood ratio tests showed that the fits with/without including γ were equivalent. The resulting multivariable backward logistic models in the whole population included BED, pT4, and use of antihypertensives (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.72) for incontinence and BED, pT4, and year of surgery (AUC = 0.80) for hematuria. Stenosis data could not be fitted: a 4-variable model including only clinical factors (acute urinary toxicity, pT4, year of surgery, and use of antihypertensives) was suggested (AUC

  12. Berger's disease in children. Natural history and outcome.

    PubMed

    Lévy, M; Gonzalez-Burchard, G; Broyer, M; Dommergues, J P; Foulard, M; Sorez, J P; Habib, R

    1985-05-01

    The clinical course and outcome of 91 children less than 15 years of age at onset and followed for at least 1 year have been retrospectively analyzed. The course has been characterized by recurrent macroscopic hematuria in 74 patients, by proteinuria-microscopic hematuria and a single episode of macroscopic hematuria occurring either at onset or a few months later in 8, by proteinuria-microscopic hematuria in 7, and by proteinuria only in 1. Lastly, one patient showed rapidly progressive renal failure. Four groups were identified by light microscopy: minimal glomerular changes (26), focal and segmental glomerulonephritis (41), pure mesangial proliferation (3) and proliferative glomerulonephritis with crescents (21). A good correlation was found between the glomerular lesions observed by light microscopy and the outcome. In this series we have not observed a dramatic clinical deterioration suggesting a transformation from one histologic type to another, as reported by others. None of the 70 patients belonging to the first three groups has impaired renal function but two with focal and segmental glomerulonephritis have developed hypertension. Although the clinical course is benign, many patients have, at the last observation, an abnormal urinalysis characterized by microscopic hematuria and/or mild proteinuria; the proteinuria is over 1 g/24 h in six patients with focal and segmental glomerulonephritis. Ten patients remained in clinical remission for several years, but mesangial IgA deposits were still present in the only patient who had a repeat biopsy while in remission. In contrast, none of the patients with proliferative glomerulonephritis with crescents has had a prolonged remission. Six patients developed terminal renal failure 0.7, 0.11, 2, 4, 8 and 10 years after onset. Two additional patients are in moderate chronic renal failure with hypertension 10 and 12 years after onset. Most children show a persistent nephropathy, (in five proteinuria is over 1 g/24 h

  13. Nonoperative management of penetrating kidney injuries: a prospective audit.

    PubMed

    Moolman, C; Navsaria, P H; Lazarus, J; Pontin, A; Nicol, A J

    2012-07-01

    The role of nonoperative management for penetrating kidney injuries is unknown. Therefore, we review the management and outcome of penetrating kidney injuries at a center with a high incidence of penetrating trauma. Data from all patients presenting with hematuria and/or kidney injury discovered on imaging or at surgery admitted to the trauma center at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa during a 19-month period (January 2007 to July 2008) were prospectively collected and reviewed. These data were analyzed for demographics, injury mechanism, perioperative management, nephrectomy rate and nonoperative success. Patients presenting with hematuria and with an acute abdomen underwent a single shot excretory urogram. Those presenting with hematuria without an indication for laparotomy underwent computerized tomography with contrast material. A total of 92 patients presented with hematuria following penetrating abdominal trauma. There were 75 (80.4%) proven renal injuries. Of the patients 84 were men and the median age was 26 years (range 14 to 51). There were 50 stab wounds and 42 gunshot renal injuries. Imaging modalities included computerized tomography in 60 cases and single shot excretory urography in 18. There were 9 patients brought directly to the operating room without further imaging. A total of 47 patients with 49 proven renal injuries were treated nonoperatively. In this group 4 patients presented with delayed hematuria, of whom 1 had a normal angiogram and 3 underwent successful angioembolization of arteriovenous fistula (2) and false aneurysm (1). All nonoperatively managed renal injuries were successfully treated without surgery. There were 18 nephrectomies performed for uncontrollable bleeding (11), hilar injuries (2) and shattered kidney (3). Post-nephrectomy complications included 1 infected renal bed hematoma requiring percutaneous drainage. Of the injuries found at laparotomy 12 were not explored, 2 were drained and 5 were treated with

  14. PubMed

    Burgos Peláez, Rosa; Virgili Casas, María Nuria; Cuerda Compés, María Cristina; Moreno Villares, José Manuel; Olveira, Gabriel; Luengo Pérez, Luis Miguel; Wanden-Berghe Lozano, Carmina; Muñoz Cuadrado, Álvaro; Torres González, Covadonga; Casado Gómez, Miguel Ángel

    2017-03-30

    Introducción: la nutrición parenteral domiciliaria (NPD) mejora la calidad de vida de los pacientes permitiéndoles recibir nutrición en su domicilio y facilitando su integración social y laboral.Objetivo: analizar el coste de la NPD en España.Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de los Registros de NPD en España (años 2007-2014), elaborados por el Grupo NADYA-SENPE. Se analizó la evolución de: pacientes que requerían NPD, episodios/paciente por los que se administró NPD, duración media de los episodios, vías de acceso y tasa de complicaciones. Se estimó el consumo y coste de la NPD. Los pacientes fueron agrupados según patología: benigna o maligna. Los costes directos (€, 2015) incluidos fueron: bolsas administradas, vías de acceso y complicaciones.Resultados: el número de pacientes que recibió NPD aumentó a lo largo de los años (2007: 133 pacientes; 2014: 220 pacientes). El número medio de episodios/paciente osciló entre 1-2 episodios/año y su duración media disminuyó (2007: 323 días; 2014: 202,8 días). Las vías de acceso más utilizadas fueron los catéteres tunelizados y las complicaciones sépticas fueron las más comunes. El coste directo anual medio por paciente se estimó en 8.393,30 € y 9.261,60 € para patología benigna y maligna, respectivamente. Considerando que, en 2014, 220 pacientes requirieron NPD, el coste anual fue 1.846.524,96 € (1.389.910,55 € debidos a la fórmula de NPD) y 2.037.551,90 € (1.580.937,50 € debidos a la fórmula de NPD) para patología benigna y maligna respectivamente.Conclusiones: estos resultados sirven de base para futuros análisis económicos de la NPD y para establecer estrategias de priorización eficiente de recursos disponibles.

  15. [X-linked hereditary spastic paraplegia due to mutation in the L1CAM gene: three cases reports of CRASH syndrome].

    PubMed

    Muñoz, Abián; Cabrera-López, José C; Santana-Rodríguez, Alfredo; Toledo-Bravo de Laguna, Laura; Santana-Artiles, Alexandre; Sebastián-García, Irma

    2016-03-01

    Introduccion. La paraplejia espastica hereditaria (PEH) representa un conjunto de cuadros clinicos neurodegenerativos que se caracteriza por perdida progresiva de fuerza en los miembros inferiores con espasticidad. Esto se debe a una lesion axonal en los haces corticoespinales. La de tipo 1, conocida como SPG1, es la forma mas comun de PEH ligada al cromosoma X. Esta se produce por una mutacion en el gen de la molecula de adhesion celular L1 (L1CAM). La SPG1 se manifiesta con el sindrome CRASH (corpus callosum hypoplasia, retardation, adducted thumbs, spasticity and hydrocephalus). Casos clinicos. Tres varones, dos hermanos y un primo (materno), con un cuadro clinico de discapacidad intelectual, paraparesia espastica, piramidalismo, dismorfias faciales y pulgares en aduccion. La neuroimagen mostro agenesia del cuerpo calloso y ventriculomegalia en los tres. Los estudios neurofisiologico y metabolico fueron normales. El estudio genetico evidencio en todos ellos una mutacion concreta en el gen L1CAM (Xq28). Conclusion. Se describen los hallazgos clinicorradiologicos de tres varones afectos de sindrome CRASH por mutacion c.516G>A en el exon 5 del gen L1CAM. Estos parecen ser los primeros casos descritos en España segun la bibliografia actual. Recomendamos sospechar este sindrome cuando se asocian paraparesia espastica, discapacidad intelectual y pulgares aductos.

  16. [Hypothyroidism incidence and thyrotropin serum levels in newborns].

    PubMed

    Topete-González, Luz Rosalba; Ramirez-Garcia, Sergio Alberto; Macías-López, Griselda Guadalupe; Troyo-Sanromán, Rogelio; Ramos-Ramírez, Irma Mirella; Elizondo-Rueda, María Elizabeth Margarita; Dávalos-Rodríguez, Nory; González-Gamez, Jaime Guillermo; Cabrera-Pivaral, Carlos Enrique

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: el hipotiroidismo congénito ocupa el tercer lugar de las enfermedades hereditarias subclínicas en México. Los neonatos con hipofunción total o parcial de la glándula tiroides presentan concentraciones altas de la tirotropina, lo que permite identificar los casos probables con riesgo para desarrollar hipotiroidismo mediante las pruebas de tamiz. El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la incidencia de hipotiroidismo congénito neonatal en los recién nacidos y establecer el valor de corte en el ensayo de la prueba de tamiz. Métodos: se procesaron 4049 muestras de sangre de cordón umbilical de recién nacidos. Se cuantificó la hormona estimulante de la tiroides mediante ELISA. A los niños con valores elevados se les realizó la prueba confirmatoria mediante ensayo inmunoenzimático de micropartículas. Resultados: se identificó una incidencia de hipotiroidismo de 1.2 por cada 1000 recién nacidos. El valor de corte para la hormona estimulante de la tiroides fue de 26.63 mUI/L en la prueba de tamiz. Conclusiones: los valores de la hormona estimulante de la tiroides mostraron una distribución diferente a los de otras investigaciones en población mexicana, así como una incidencia más elevada de hipotiroidismo.

  17. [Acute optic neuropathy: differential diagnoses].

    PubMed

    Buompadre, María Celeste

    2013-09-06

    Introduccion. La alteracion funcional del nervio optico se caracteriza por un deficit en la agudeza visual, en la vision cromatica y en el campo visual, defecto pupilar aferente y, en algunos casos, edema del nervio o atrofia y palidez. Objetivo. Describir el espectro de neuropatias opticas agudas, su clinica, diagnostico y tratamiento, con mayor interes en aquellas de presentacion en la edad pediatrica. Desarrollo. La neuritis optica puede ser monofasica, recurrente o el componente de un cuadro desmielinizante polisintomatico. El objetivo del tratamiento es reducir el numero y la gravedad de los ataques y prevenir discapacidad. La infecciosa es secundaria a diferentes microorganismos (bacterias, virus, hongos y protozoos). El tratamiento depende de la etiologia. La isquemica anterior no arteritica o idiopatica es la forma mas frecuente y es secundaria a enfermedad de pequeños vasos (ciliares posteriores). La neuropatia optica hereditaria o de Leber representa una causa importante de afectacion visual cronica y se caracteriza por la afectacion selectiva de las celulas ganglionares de la retina. Hasta el momento, la terapia solo es de apoyo. En el papiledema asociado a hipertension endocraneal, la agudeza visual generalmente se conserva pero existe aumento de la mancha ciega. El tratamiento se basa en disminuir la hipertension y el factor etiologico si existe. Conclusiones. Las neuropatias opticas agudas constituyen un amplio grupo de entidades, de etiologia diversa y con un pronostico visual variable. La presencia de signos del examen neurologico, fondo de ojo y neuroimagenes pueden orientar hacia el diagnostico y tratamiento oportuno.

  18. Up-regulation of CX3CR1 on tonsillar CD8-positive cells in patients with IgA nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Otaka, Ryuki; Takahara, Miki; Ueda, Seigo; Nagato, Toshihiro; Kishibe, Kan; Nomura, Kenichiro; Katada, Akihiro; Hayashi, Tatsuya; Harabuchi, Yasuaki

    2017-04-01

    Although tonsillectomy are used as therapeutic options to prevent chronic renal failure in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients, the relationship between IgAN and tonsils is not fully proved by basic research. Recently, circulating CX3CR1-positive cells were reportedly involved in promoting hematuria in patients with IgAN. In this study, we focused on the expression of CX3CR1 in tonsillar mononuclear cells in IgAN patients. Immunohistological analysis revealed greater distribution of CX3CR1-positive cells in the inter-follicular area of tonsils in IgAN patients than in non-IgAN patients. CX3CR1-positive cells were also found in the affected renal glomerulus of IgAN patients. Flow cytometric analysis revealed the expression of CX3CR1 on tonsillar CD8-positive cells to be significantly higher in IgAN patients. CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides enhanced the expression in IgAN patients. The chemotactic response of tonsillar mononuclear cells to fractalkine was significantly higher in IgAN patients. Expression of CX3CR1 on peripheral blood CD8-positive cells in IgAN patients was significantly higher, and decreased after tonsillectomy, along with the disappearance of hematuria. These results suggest that hyper-immune response to microbial DNA enhanced the expression of CX3CR1 on tonsillar CD8-positive cells in IgAN patients, followed by the migration of the cells to renal lesions via blood circulation, resulting in the development of hematuria.

  19. [Analysis of 94 cases of IgA nephropathy in children].

    PubMed

    Mao, Hua-Xiong; Yi, Zhu-Wen; Liang, Li; He, Yi-Wei; Dang, Xi-Qiang; Wu, Xiao-Chun; He, Xiao-Jie; Mo, Shuang-Hong

    2007-02-01

    To evaluate the clinical and pathological features of 94 children suffering from IgA nephropathy (IgAN) while estimating the prevalent situation in Hunan province. To summarize the annual number of hospitalized children, those with kidney diseases, those accepted biopsy, and those confirmed as IgAN in both Xiangya Hospital and Second Xiangya Hospital undertaking kidney biopsy in Hunan province during 1995 and 2004. In the past 10 years, as the hospitalized population in both hospitals accrued to 9.98% each year. The rate of 7.5% was seen in those with kidney diseases. Among whom 56.3% accepted kidney biopsy and 94 of them were confirmed as IgAN. Hematuria was the main clinical presentation, seen in 71 cases, accounting to 76%, and even to 98% after excluding those with nephrotic syndrome and isolating proteinuria type of IgAN. Inflammation infiltration (91%), renal tubule degeneration (81%), and renal interstitial fibrosis (31%) were the major pathological features of 94 children, especially in nephrotic syndrome IgAN. The number of children with IgAN synchronously accrues as hospitalized population, those with kidney diseases, and those by kidney biopsy. Hematuria is the major symptom. To routinely perform urine analysis and kidney biopsy in asymptomatic hematuria may improve the diagnosis. Inflammation infiltration, renal tubule degeneration, and renal interstitial fibrosis are the major pathological features in IgAN children, especially in nephrotic syndrome IgAN, probably relating to continuous proteinuria. Early control of proteinuria may delay or decrease renal tubule fibrosis.

  20. Factors affecting response to medical management in patients of filarial chyluria: A prospective study.

    PubMed

    Goyal, Neeraj Kumar; Goel, Apul; Sankhwar, Satyanarayan; Singh, Vishwajeet; Ali, Wahid; Natu, S M; Singh, Bhupendra Pal; Sinha, Rahul Janak; Dalela, Divakar

    2014-01-01

    Filarial chyluria is a common problem in filarial endemic countries. Its management begins with medical therapy but some patients progress to require surgery. The present study aimed to determine factors affecting response to medical management in patients of filarial chyluria. This prospective study conducted between August 2008 and November 2012, included conservatively managed patients of chyluria. Demographic profile, clinical presentation, treatment history and urinary triglycerides (TGs) and cholesterol levels at baseline were compared between the responders and non-responders. Apart from the clinical grade of chyluria, hematuria was evaluated as an independent risk factor. Out of the 222 patients (mean age, 37.99 ± 13.29 years, 129 males), 31 patients failed to respond while 35 had a recurrence after initial response; the overall success rate being 70.3% at a mean follow-up of 25 months. No difference was observed in demographics, clinical presentation, presence of hematuria, disease duration and mean urinary TGs loss between responders and non-responders. On multivariate analysis, patients with treatment failure were found to have a higher-grade disease (14.3% Grade-I, 36.6% Grades-II and 60% Grade-III), higher number of pretreatment courses (1.59 ± 1.08 vs. 1.02 ± 0.79) and heavier cholesterol (26.54 ± 23.46 vs. 8.81 ± 8.55 mg/dl) loss at baseline compared with responders (P < 0.05). Conservative management has a success rate in excess of 70%, not affected by the disease chronicity, previous episodes and recurrent nature. However, higher-grade disease, extensive pre-treatment with drugs and higher urinary cholesterol loss at baseline are the predictors of poor response. Hematuria is not an independent poor risk factor for conservative management.

  1. Clinical characteristics and long-term observation of simple renal cysts in a healthy Korean population.

    PubMed

    Choi, Jae Duck

    2016-03-01

    Although simple renal cysts are common in older patients, little is known concerning their development and natural history. We investigated the characteristics of simple renal cysts and risk factors for their development in healthy Korean adults. The medical records of 10,261 subjects who participated in a multiphase health screening program at our institution in 2002 were reviewed. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine various risk factors for renal cyst formation including sex, age, BMI, serum creatinine, estimated GFR, proteinuria, microscopic hematuria, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus. In 65 patients and 79 simple renal cysts with annual follow-up for 10 years, sequential changes in size and risk factors related to cyst growth rate were analyzed. The prevalence of simple renal cysts was 5.43 %. Age (p < 0.001), BMI (p < 0.001), proteinuria (p = 0.011), microscopic hematuria (p < 0.001), estimated GFR (p < 0.001), and hypertension (p < 0.001) had a significant influence on the occurrence of simple renal cysts. The average growth rates of simple renal cysts over the 10-year follow-up period were 1.43 mm (6.5 %) per year. Age <50 years was the only significant predictor of growth rates of renal cysts in the multivariate analysis (β = 2.37; 95 % CI 0.52, 4.22; p = 0.013). Age, BMI, renal dysfunction, proteinuria, microscopic hematuria, and hypertension were found to be risk factors for the presence of simple renal cysts. Simple renal cysts in younger patients (<50 years) tend to have a more rapid increase in size, but generally do not progress to aggressive disease.

  2. Renal abnormalities in sickle cell disease.

    PubMed

    Ataga, K I; Orringer, E P

    2000-04-01

    Sickle cell anemia and the related hemoglobinopathies are associated with a large spectrum of renal abnormalities. The patients have impaired urinary concentrating ability, defects in urinary acidification and potassium excretion, and supranormal proximal tubular function. The latter is manifest by increased secretion of creatinine and by reabsorption of phosphorus and beta(2)-microglobulin. Young patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) have supranormal renal hemodynamics with elevations in both effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). These parameters decrease with age as well as following the administration of prostaglandin inhibitors. Proteinuria, a common finding in adults with sickle cell disease, may progress to the nephrotic syndrome. Proteinuria, hypertension, and increasing anemia predict end-stage renal disease (ESRD). While ESRD can be managed by dialysis and/or renal transplantation, there may be an increased rate of complications in renal transplant recipients with SCD. Hematuria is seen in individuals with all of the SCDs as well as with sickle cell trait. In most cases the etiology of the hematuria turns out to be benign. However, there does appear to be an increased association between SCD and renal medullary carcinoma. Therefore, those SCD patients who present with hematuria should initially undergo a thorough evaluation in order to exclude this aggressive neoplasm. Papillary necrosis may occur due to medullary ischemia and infarction. Erythropoietin levels are usually lower than expected for their degree of anemia and decrease further as renal function deteriorates. An abnormal balance of renal prostaglandins may be responsible for some of the changes in sickle cell nephropathy. Acute renal failure is a component of the acute multiorgan failure syndrome (MOFS). Finally, progression of sickle cell nephropathy to ESRD may be slowed by adequate control of hypertension and proteinuria. However, the prevention of the

  3. Renal biopsy in the management of lupus nephritis during pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Chen, T K; Gelber, A C; Witter, F R; Petri, M; Fine, D M

    2015-02-01

    The differential diagnosis of proteinuria and hematuria in pregnancy is broad and includes active lupus nephritis. Identification of the correct diagnosis often has a profound therapeutic impact on not only the mother but also the fetus. To date, relatively few reports exist on the role of renal biopsy during pregnancy among women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We present a case series of 11 pregnant women with SLE who underwent a renal biopsy to evaluate a presumptive flare of lupus nephritis. The electronic medical record was retrospectively analyzed for pre-biopsy serum creatinine, proteinuria, hematuria, antinuclear antibodies (ANA), and antibodies to double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA); histologic findings on renal biopsy; and the clinical course of each mother and fetus. From 2001 to 2012, 11 pregnant women with SLE flares during pregnancy underwent a renal biopsy at an academic tertiary medical center. At the time of biopsy, median gestational age was 16 weeks (range 9 to 27), median serum creatinine was 0.6 mg/dl (interquartile range 0.5 to 0.9), six (55%) had hematuria, and all had proteinuria >500 mg/24 hours. Proliferative lupus nephritis was found in 10 (91%) of 11 biopsies (five with ISN/RPS Class III; five with ISN/RPS Class IV). All but one individual underwent a change in management guided by information gleaned from renal biopsy. No apparent biopsy-related complications occurred to mother or fetus. Three women elected to terminate their pregnancy; although many factors were involved, the findings on renal biopsy informed the decision-making process. Among the remaining cases, there were three pre-term deliveries, one fetus with complete heart block, one in utero demise, and one maternal death. Renal biopsy is helpful at informing the management of patients with lupus nephritis during pregnancy.

  4. Chronic renal failure and shortened lifespan in COL4A3+/- mice: an animal model for thin basement membrane nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Beirowski, Bogdan; Weber, Manfred; Gross, Oliver

    2006-07-01

    A heterozygous mutation in autosomal Alport genes COL4A3 and COL4A4 can be found in 20 to 50% of individuals with familial benign hematuria and diffuse glomerular basement membrane thinning (thin basement membrane nephropathy [TBMN]). Approximately 1% of humans are heterozygous carriers of mutations in the autosomal Alport genes and at risk for developing renal failure as a result of TBMN. The incidence and pathogenesis of renal failure in heterozygous COL4A3/4 mutation carriers is still unclear and was examined further in this study using COL4A3 knockout mice. In heterozygous COL4A3(+/-) mice lifespan, hematuria and renal function (serum urea and proteinuria) were monitored during a period of 3 yr, and renal tissue was examined by light and electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot. Lifespan of COL4A3(+/-) mice was found to be significantly shorter than in healthy controls (21.7 versus 30.3 mo). Persistent glomerular hematuria was detected starting in week 9; proteinuria of > 0.1 g/L started after 3 mo of life and increased to > 3 g/L after 24 mo. The glomerular basement membrane was significantly thinned (167 versus 200 nm in wild type) in 30-wk-old mice, coinciding with focal glomerulosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and increased levels of TGF-beta and connective tissue growth factor. The renal phenotype in COL4A3(+/-) mice resembled the clinical and histopathologic phenotype of human cases of TBMN with concomitant progression to chronic renal failure. Therefore, the COL4A3(+/-) mouse model will help in the understanding of the pathogenesis of TBMN in humans and in the evaluation of potential therapies.

  5. Urinary tract infection-like symptom is associated with worse bladder cancer outcomes in the Medicare population: Implications for sex disparities.

    PubMed

    Richards, Kyle A; Ham, Sandra; Cohn, Joshua A; Steinberg, Gary D

    2016-01-01

    To determine the time to bladder cancer diagnosis from initial infection-like symptoms and its impact on cancer outcomes. Using Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare, we designed a retrospective cohort study identifying beneficiaries aged ≥ 66 years diagnosed with bladder cancer from 2007 to 2009. Patients were required to have a hematuria or urinary tract infection claim within 1 year of bladder cancer diagnosis (n = 21 216), and have 2 years of prior Medicare data (n = 18 956) without any precedent hematuria, bladder cancer or urinary tract infection claims (n = 12 195). The number of days to bladder cancer diagnosis was measured, as well as the impact of sex and presenting symptom on time to diagnosis, pathology, and oncological outcomes. The mean time to bladder cancer diagnosis was 72.2 days in women versus 58.9 days in men (P < 0.001). A logistic regression model identified the greatest predictors of ≥ pT2 pathology were both women (odds ratio 2.08, 95% confidence interval 1.70-2.55) and men (odds ratio 1.71, 95% confidence interval 1.49-1.97) presenting with urinary tract infection. Cox proportional hazards analysis identified an increased risk of mortality from bladder cancer and all causes in women presenting with urinary tract infection (hazard ratio 1.37, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.71, and hazard ratio 1.47, 95% confidence interval 1.28-1.69) compared with women with hematuria. Women have a longer interval from urinary tract infection to diagnosis of bladder cancer. Urinary tract infection presentation can adversely affect time to diagnosis, pathology and survival. Time to diagnosis seems not to be an independent predictor of bladder cancer outcomes. © 2015 The Japanese Urological Association.

  6. [DISSEMINATED CARCINOMATOSIS OF THE BONE MARROW WITH UROTHELIAL CARCINOMA].

    PubMed

    Kohno, Mitsuru; Miyama, Ken; Gohbara, Ayako; Onuki, Tatsuaki; Sugiura, Shinpei; Ikeda, Ichiro

    2015-04-01

    Disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow with urothelial carcinoma in a 75-year-old man: A case study. A 75-year-old-man had first medical examination due to gross hematuria. The imaging study and cystoscopy revealed left ureteral and bladder tumor. The patient was referred for a laparoscopic assisted left nephroureterectomy and transurethral resection of a bladder tumor (TUR-Bt). Pathological findings included urothelial carcinoma, high grade, both a pT3 ureteral tumor and a pTa bladder tumor. The patient received 2 courses of gemcitabine and cisplatin and 1 course of methotrexate, epirubicin and nedaplatin as adjuvant chemotherapy. TUR-Bt was performed twice due to recurrence in the bladder and similar pathological findings. The patient received intravesical instillation of pirarubicin (THP 30 mg in 30 mL of saline) to prevent recurrence in the bladder, but discontinued in the 3rd time because of gross hematuria. The patient was then admitted to our hospital due to gross hematuria, general fatigue, and abnormal findings in the blood analysis. On admission, pancytopenia was detected and the serum ALP level had increased to 30,266 IU/L. A biopsy and bone marrow aspiration were performed because a super bone scan image was obtained using a bone scintigram. Diffuse bone marrow metastasis of the urothelial carcinoma was observed in the pathological evaluations. Therefore, our diagnosis was urothelial carcinoma with disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow. Although treatment with zoledronic acid and blood transfusion were performed, the patient died 20 days after the admission. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow with urothelial carcinoma.

  7. Renal papillary necrosis in patients with sickle cell disease: How to recognize this 'forgotten' diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Henderickx, Michaël M E L; Brits, Tim; De Baets, Karen; Seghers, Mattias; Maes, Philip; Trouet, Dominique; De Wachter, Stefan; De Win, Gunter

    2017-06-01

    Renal papillary necrosis is not commonly seen in daily practice, but can have severe consequences when it is not diagnosed in time. It is known to be associated with sickle cell hemoglobinopathies; however a wide range of etiologies are possible, and it is therefore not the first diagnosis clinicians consider in patients with sickle cell disease who present with hematuria. A literature search was performed to summarize the current knowledge about renal papillary necrosis associated with sickle cell disease. These findings are illustrated with a case of a 9-year old girl with sickle cell disease who was referred with painless gross hematuria. Typical radiologic signs for renal papillary necrosis are necrotic cavities that fill with contrast, small collections of contrast peripheral to the calyces in the papillary region (ball-on-tee sign), calcification of the papillary defect, filling defects, hydronephrosis, blunted papillary tip, clefts in the renal medulla filled with contrast, hyperattenuated medullary calcifications, non-enhanced lesions surrounded by rings of excreted contrast, and clubbed calyces. This study focuses on the pathophysiology of renal papillary necrosis associated with sickle cell disease, the possible symptoms, as well as the diagnostic steps, with a special interest in particular presentation on old (retrograde pyelography) and new (computed tomography) gold standard in radiologic imaging, and the management for this pathology. This study aims to remind clinicians of this "forgotten" diagnosis and what signs to look for in pediatric patients with sickle cell disease who present with hematuria. In pediatric cases radiation protection is important, therefore knowing what radiologic signs can be found on retrograde pyelography can lead to early identification of this pathology without having to proceed to computed tomography. Copyright © 2017 Journal of Pediatric Urology Company. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. [Wegener's granulomatosis with clinical manifestations of temporal arteritis].

    PubMed

    Astudillo, L; Pugnet, G; Bidegain, F; Delsol, M; Fortenfant, F; Arlet-Suau, E

    2008-10-01

    A 51-year-old woman presented with crusting rhinitis, bilateral serous otitis, inflammatory arthralgias, fever, weight loss and signs of temporal arteritis. Temporal arteries were increased in size, painful, with inflammatory signs. There was microscopic hematuria and inflammatory parameters were increased. The renal function was normal. Anticytoplasmic neutrophils antibodies were detected (anti-PR3). Temporal artery biopsy did not show signs of giant cell arteritis. A diagnostic of Wegener's granulomatosis was established and steroid treatment allowed disappearance of clinical and biologic features.

  9. [Rare cases of bladder stones].

    PubMed

    Sampalmieri, Gregorio; Moretti, Antonello; Sampalmieri, Matteo

    2014-01-01

    We present here two special cases of urolithiasis. The first one shows a giant bladder lithiasis resulting in severe renal insufficiency in a 63-year-old patient, who had previously had nicturia (2-3 times), occasional episodes of urinary frequency and burning micturition, in the absence of renal colic, hematuria or interrupted urination. The second case referes to an 85-year-old man suffering from prostatic enlargement and bladder stones, hospitalized to undergo intervention of trans-vesical prostatic adenomectomy, during which two star-shaped stones were found without obvious symptoms.

  10. Spontaneous proliferative lesions and tumors of the uterus of captive African hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris).

    PubMed

    Mikaelian, Igor; Reavill, Drury R; Practice, Avian

    2004-06-01

    Fifteen captive female African hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris), 3- to 5-yr-old, were diagnosed with proliferative uterine lesions (n = 28). Lesions were associated with vaginal bleeding in all cases, hematuria in 11 of 13 cases, and weight loss in 7 of 12 cases. Lesions were multiple in eight cases and single in seven cases. The lesions identified were 13 adenosarcomas, 7 endometrial stromal sarcomas, 6 endometrial polyps, 1 adenoleiomyosarcoma, and 1 adenoleiomyoma. In one animal with adenosarcoma, peritoneal seeding was detected at the time of hysterectomy. Mean survival time was 303 days (n = 10). Ovariohysterectomy allows prolonged survival of hedgehogs with uterine tumors.

  11. Malabsorption syndrome as a rare cause of nephrocalcinosis.

    PubMed

    Abreu, Rui; Bento, Cláudia; Oliveira, Luís; Morgado, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Nephrocalcinosis is characterized by calcification of kidney parenchyma and can be caused by an increased amount of calcium, phosphate or oxalate in urinary excretion. We report a 35-year-old female with nephrocalcinosis. She had fitful steatorrhea since last year. Physical examination was normal. Analytic exams found normal renal function and ionogram. Primary hyperparathyroidism, renal tubular acidosis and sarcoidosis were excluded. Urinalysis showed mild hematuria, without proteinuria and 24-hour urine collection exhibited hyperoxaluria. Patient was submitted to an endoscopy and duodenal biopsy whose histology sustained the diagnosis of celiac disease. Fluid intake increase and gluten and oxalate free diet were initiated.

  12. Imaging of Renal Medullary Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Faiella, Eliodoro; Santucci, Domiziana; Mallio, Carlo Augusto; Nezzo, Marco; Quattrocchi, Carlo Cosimo; Beomonte Zobel, Bruno; Grasso, Rosario Francesco

    2017-01-01

    Renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) is a rare, highly aggressive tumor recognized as an independent pathological entity. African-descent adolescents and young adults with sickle cell hemoglobinopathy are the most affected groups. This rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma has its own morphogenetic and pathological characteristics. The major clinical manifestations include gross hematuria, abdominal or flank pain, and weight loss. The prognosis is very poor, with 95% of cases diagnosed at an advanced stage of the disease. In this review, we summarize the morphologic and dynamic characteristics of RMC under various imaging modalities such as ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance. Differential diagnosis and management strategies are also discussed. PMID:28405543

  13. Automatic spring-loaded biopsy gun with ultrasonic control for renal transplant biopsy.

    PubMed

    McDonald, M W; Sosnowski, J T; Mahin, E J; Willard, D A; Lamm, D L

    1993-11-01

    The automatic spring-loaded biopsy gun with 18-gauge needle was used to perform 20 renal transplant biopsies. A total of 35 needle passes were used during the 20 biopsies to obtain 31 cores of renal tissue (ratio of successful cores to passes 0.88). Nineteen of 20 biopsies (95%) resulted in renal tissue sufficient for diagnosis. One patient experienced gross hematuria that required blood transfusion and resulted in temporary ureteral clot obstruction. We believe the automatic spring-loaded biopsy gun with ultrasonic control allows rapid, accurate, and safe histologic assessment of the renal allograft, and we recommend this system for routine use.

  14. [Vesical hemangioma].

    PubMed

    Martín Martín, S; Muller Arteaga, C; Gonzalo Rodríguez, V; García Lagarto, E; Egea Camacho, J; Fernández del Busto, E

    2007-01-01

    Bladder hemangiomas are mesenquimal tumors, generally benign and of difficult diagnosis, representing only 0.6% primary bladder tumors. Fundamental diagnosis is histological, since imaging test can't differenciate this from other bladder tumors. We present a case of a 60-year-old male who came to our service with macroscopic hematuria. RTU of one blue mass in the bladder was performed and the histological examination showed to be cavernous hemangioma. A review of literature was realized, commenting on the most typical clinical aspects, the diagnostic methods and the last therapeutic techniques in this type of lesions.

  15. [Interpretation of basic urinalysis in athletes].

    PubMed

    Manzanares, J

    2015-10-01

    Basic urinalysis is a quick and easy method to obtain diagnostic information on diseases that primarily affect the urinary system. However, performing intense physical exercise by healthy individuals can cause changes in various organs, particularly in the urinary tract. Hematuria and proteinuria are abnormalities commonly found after sports activity, This phenomenon can occur in non-contact sports as well as in contact sports. It is important to differentiate between benign alterations in sports practice and true pathological conditions, excluding misdiagnosis of kidney or lower urinary tract disease.

  16. Multimodality imaging of primary ureteral hemangiosarcoma with thoracic metastasis in an adult dog.

    PubMed

    Troiano, Daniele; Zarelli, Micaela

    2017-07-27

    A 12-year-old spayed female standard Poodle was presented for investigation of severe hematuria. Abdominal ultrasound and thoracic and abdominal computed tomography identified severe hydronephrosis due to an obstructive ureteral mass with no evidence of metastasis. Histological examination after nephrectomy and ureterectomy confirmed an obstructive ureteral hemangiosarcoma. Forty days after surgery, the dog was presented with severe dyspnea. Survey radiographs of the thorax revealed a severe diffuse nodular interstitial pattern. Postmortem histological examination revealed pulmonary metastasis of hemangiosarcoma. © 2017 American College of Veterinary Radiology.

  17. Congenital megacalycosis with IgA nephropathy: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Turkmen, Ercan; Yildirim, Tolga; Ciftci, Turkmen; Altindal, Mahmut; Akinci, Devrim; Baydar, Dilek Ertoy; Bilen, Cenk Yucel; Arici, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    Congenital megacalycosis is a rare renal disease characterized by calyceal dilatation without pelvic or ureteral obstruction. If not accompanied by nephrolithiasis and urinary tract infection, this disease is completely benign and does not cause renal dysfunction. We present a case of congenital megacalycosis that was diagnosed at the age of 41 (oldest case in the literature) after admitting with hematuria and acute renal dysfunction. IgA nephropathy was also diagnosed in this patient. Since renal dysfunction is not likely in these patients, if encountered; renal biopsy should be performed although technically difficult to diagnose the cause of this dysfunction.

  18. IgA nephropathy associated with portal hypertension in liver cirrhosis due to non-alcoholic and non-A, non-B, non-C hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Nakamura, M; Ohishi, A; Watanabe, R; Kaneko, K; Aosaki, N; Iigaya, T; Monma, T; Sugiura, H; Miyoshi, Y; Hamaguchi, K

    1994-08-01

    A 69-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of leg edema, proteinuria (2.1 g/day), and gross hematuria. She had non-alcoholic liver cirrhosis of unknown etiology. Esophageal varices also were found. Examination of the renal biopsy specimen revealed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis with IgA deposits. Propranolol was administered orally to reduce portal hypertension, resulting in a progressive decrease in urinary microalbumin excretion. This case suggests that portal hypertension is involved in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy in liver cirrhosis.

  19. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis as the sole renal lesion in Wegener's granulomatosis.

    PubMed

    Ibrahim, Salwa

    2010-11-01

    Wegener's granulomatosis usually presents with focal necrotizing glomerulonephritis with crescents. We present here a 45-year old man who was treated for tuberculosis and later presented with bilateral ankle swelling. His serum creatinine was 2.4 mg/dL and urine analysis revealed hematuria and proteinuria. His 24-hour urine protein excretion was 1.9 g. Anti neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) test was positive with cytoplasmic florescence pattern. Renal biopsy revealed focal segmental sclerosis with no active vasculitis and lung biopsy revealed extensive breakdown with cavitations and scattered granulomas.

  20. Penile amputation and scrotal urethrostomy followed by chemotherapy in a dog with penile hemangiosarcoma.

    PubMed

    Bolfer, Luiz; Schmit, Joanna M; McNeill, Amy L; Ragetly, Chantal A; Bennett, R Avery; McMichael, Maureen

    2015-01-01

    A 7 yr old castrated male standard poodle weighing 25 kg was presented with a 5 day history of hematuria, dysuria, and the presence of a 2.5 cm, firm swelling within the prepuce. Abdominal radiographs revealed a soft-tissue mass on the distal prepuce and lysis of the cranial margin of the os penis. The patient was sedated and an ulcerated hemorrhagic mass was identified at the tip of the penis. The mass was diagnosed as hemangiosarcoma via incisional biopsy. A penile amputation with scrotal urethrostomy was performed followed by chemotherapy with doxorubicin.

  1. Renal Angiomyolipoma in Pregnancy: Surgical Management with Fetal Preservation - Approach in a Developing Setting

    PubMed Central

    Ugwumba, Fred O.; Nnakenyi, Emeka F.; Okafor, Okechukwu C.; Onuh, Augustine C.; Ezechukwu, Paschalina C.; Urube, Sunday

    2016-01-01

    Renal angiomyolipomas (RAML) are uncommon benign renal tumours that are associated with a tendency to rupture resulting in sometimes-torrential retroperitoneal hemorrhage as the Wunderlich syndrome or as severe potentially exsanguinating hematuria. When hemorrhage from RAML occurs in pregnancy it presents a unique challenge requiring timely and appropriately adapted intervention with the goal of preventing fatality, preserving renal function as well as preventing fetal loss if possible. We report the management of severe bleeding from RAML in pregnancy and highlight the need to adopt a management strategy that suits the practice environment and offers the patient standard and enduring care. PMID:28176962

  2. Intrarenal artery pseudoaneurysm after blunt abdominal trauma: a case report of successful superselective angioembolization

    PubMed Central

    Antunes-Lopes, T; Pinto, R; Morgado, P; Madaleno, P; Silva, J; Silva, C; Cruz, F

    2014-01-01

    Renal artery pseudoaneurysm is a very rare complication after blunt trauma injury. We report on a case of a 54-year-old man admitted to our hospital for right flank pain and gross hematuria, 5 days after blunt abdominal trauma. The diagnosis of interlobar renal pseudoaneurysm was established by a computed tomography scan and confirmed by angiography. Successful superselective angioembolization was performed. This radiographic intervention is an effective and minimally invasive technique to stop active bleeding from renal artery pseudoaneurysms, when patients are hemodynamically stable and where technically feasible. A review of the literature was carried out. PMID:24809039

  3. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Radiation-Induced Cystitis and Proctitis

    SciTech Connect

    Oliai, Caspian; Fisher, Brandon; Jani, Ashish; Wong, Michael; Poli, Jaganmohan; Brady, Luther W.; Komarnicky, Lydia T.

    2012-11-01

    Purpose: To provide a retrospective analysis of the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for treating hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) and proctitis secondary to pelvic- and prostate-only radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: Nineteen patients were treated with HBOT for radiation-induced HC and proctitis. The median age at treatment was 66 years (range, 15-84 years). The range of external-beam radiation delivered was 50.0-75.6 Gy. Bleeding must have been refractory to other therapies. Patients received 100% oxygen at 2.0 atmospheres absolute pressure for 90-120 min per treatment in a monoplace chamber. Symptoms were retrospectively scored according to the Late Effects of Normal Tissues-Subjective, Objective, Management, Analytic (LENT-SOMA) scale to evaluate short-term efficacy. Recurrence of hematuria/hematochezia was used to assess long-term efficacy. Results: Four of the 19 patients were lost to follow-up. Fifteen patients were evaluated and received a mean of 29.8 dives: 11 developed HC and 4 proctitis. All patients experienced a reduction in their LENT-SOMA score. After completion of HBOT, the mean LENT-SOMA score was reduced from 0.78 to 0.20 in patients with HC and from 0.66 to 0.26 in patients with proctitis. Median follow-up was 39 months (range, 7-70 months). No cases of hematuria were refractory to HBOT. Complete resolution of hematuria was seen in 81% (n = 9) and partial response in 18% (n = 2). Recurrence of hematuria occurred in 36% (n = 4) after a median of 10 months. Complete resolution of hematochezia was seen in 50% (n = 2), partial response in 25% (n = 1), and refractory bleeding in 25% (n = 1). Conclusions: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is appropriate for radiation-induced HC once less time-consuming therapies have failed to resolve the bleeding. In these conditions, HBOT is efficacious in the short and long term, with minimal side effects.

  4. Renal changes in selenium-exposed fish

    SciTech Connect

    Sorensen, E.M.; Harlan, C.W.; Bell, J.S.

    1982-06-01

    A group of green sunfish was collected from a selenium-rich lake and compared with a similar group collected from a control lake upstream in the same drainage system in east Texas. Since the level of selenium in kidneys of these fish was relatively high (averaging 11 ppm on a fresh weight basis), histopathological and ultrastructural data were collected. Kidneys from fish from the selenium-rich lake showed proliferative glomerulonephritis and hematuria as well as vacuolation and necrosis of cells of the convoluted tubules.

  5. A bulbar artery pseudoaneurysm following traumatic urethral catheterization

    PubMed Central

    Bettez, Mathieu; Aubé, Melanie; Sherbiny, Mohamed El; Cabrera, Tatiana; Jednak, Roman

    2017-01-01

    Traumatic urethral catheterization may result in a number of serious complications. A rare occurrence is the development of a urethral pseudoaneurysm. We report the case of a 13-year-old male who required placement of a Foley catheter for an orthopedic surgical procedure. The Foley was misplaced in the bulbourethra, resulting in the development of a bulbar artery pseudoaneurysm. Profuse bleeding via the urethra was noted after removal of the catheter, and the patient experienced severe intermittent hematuria during the postoperative period. Cystoscopy revealed a pulsatile mass within the bulbourethra. Angiography confirmed a bulbar artery pseudoaneurysm, which was successfully embolized with resolution of bleeding. PMID:28163815

  6. Concomitant severe normocytic and normochromic anemia in poststreptococcal acute glomerulonephritis.

    PubMed

    Asano, Takeshi; Sudoh, Mariko; Watanabe, Makoto; Fujino, Osamu

    2009-10-01

    Although anemia frequently occurs in poststreptococcal acute glomerulonephritis (PSAGN), severe anemia is rare. We report severe normocytic, normochromic anemia (hematocrit, 19.8%) in PSAGN in a 6-year-old girl with edema, macrohematuria, and proteinuria for 1 month. The potential causes of severe anemia found in this case were: 1) longer duration of massive hematuria from onset of macrohemauria to treatment, 2) a level of erythropoietin much lower than that in cases of iron deficiency anemia, and 3) hemodilution. We speculate that these factors combined to cause an unusual case of severe anemia in PSAGN.

  7. Kartagener syndrome with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.

    PubMed

    Momeni, Ali; Doroushi, Behzad; Taheri, Nadia

    2013-11-01

    Primary ciliary dyskinesia is characterized by congenital impairment of mucociliary clearance. Kartagener syndrome (KS) is a clinical variant of primary ciliary dyskinesia which is involved in situs inversus associated with chronic respiratory infections. In addition, glomerular disease in KS syndrome is rare and reported cases are limited. We had a 27-year-old female patient with KS who presented with proteinuria, hematuria, normal kidney function, and a family history of systemic lupus erythematosus. Kidney biopsy showed segmental scar with adhesion to Bowman capsule, which was indicative of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.

  8. Coagulopathy induced by saw palmetto: a case report.

    PubMed

    Villanueva, Salvador; González, Jenniffer

    2009-01-01

    Saw palmetto is the most popular herbal supplement used to treat symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The safety and efficacy of saw palmetto has been established in the literature. While the majority of studies document the efficacy and safety of saw palmetto, some studies document the adverse side effects, including increased risk of bleeding. There are no reports in the literature about increased prothombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT) or international normalized ratio (INR) while using saw palmetto. We present a case of hematuria and coagulopathy in a patient who was using saw palmetto.

  9. Re-recognition of Age-dependent Reference Range for the Serum Creatinine Level in Teenagers - A Case of Slowly Progressive Tubulointerstitial Nephritis which Occurred in an Adolescent.

    PubMed

    Ono, Hiroyuki; Nagai, Kojiro; Shibata, Eriko; Matsuura, Motokazu; Kishi, Seiji; Inagaki, Taizo; Minato, Masanori; Yoshimoto, Sakiya; Ueda, Sayo; Obata, Fumiaki; Nishimura, Kenji; Tamaki, Masanori; Kishi, Fumi; Murakami, Taichi; Abe, Hideharu; Kinoshita, Yukiko; Urushihara, Maki; Kagami, Shoji; Doi, Toshio

    2017-08-15

    For the first time, a 15-year-old boy was found to have a slight degree of proteinuria and microscopic hematuria during annual school urinalysis screening. His kidney function had already severely deteriorated. A kidney biopsy revealed tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) with diffuse inflammatory cell infiltration. His medical records showed his serum creatinine level to be 0.98 mg/dL two years ago, which was abnormally high considering his age. Although the etiology of slowly progressive TIN was unclear, glucocorticoid and immunosuppressant therapy improved his kidney function. This case report suggests that all doctors should recognize the reference range for the serum creatinine level in teenagers.

  10. Can urine dipstick predict an elevated serum creatinine?

    PubMed

    Shah, Kaushal; Kilian, Barbara; Hsieh, Wei-Jen; Kyrillou, Emily; Hedge, Vishal; Newman, David H

    2010-06-01

    Chart review studies have suggested that point-of-care urine dipstick testing may accurately predict an elevation in serum creatinine (Cr). We aimed to prospectively evaluate the test characteristics of proteinuria/hematuria in predicting elevated serum Cr. A prospective, observational study was conducted between March 2007 and June 2008 at 2 affiliated, urban hospitals with an annual emergency department census of 150,000. Patients undergoing laboratory urinalysis, point-of-care urine dipstick, and a serum chemistry panel were enrolled. Trained research assistants collected data on consecutive patients 18 hours per day using preformatted data forms and entry into an anonymized Access (Microsoft, Seattle, Wash) database. Demographic baseline variables including age, sex, chief complaint, vital signs, and source of sample (catheter vs "clean catch") were also collected. An elevated Cr level was defined as greater than 1.3 based on the laboratory reference range. Standard statistical methods were used to calculate diagnostic test operating characteristics of proteinuria or hematuria as a predictor of elevated serum Cr. Five thousand four hundred sixteen subjects were enrolled with 28.3% male and a mean age of 50.2 years. Elevated serum Cr greater than 1.3 mg/dL was found in 13.9% (755/5416) of subjects. The sensitivity of either proteinuria or hematuria for elevated Cr was 82.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 80%-85%) and specificity was 34.4% (95% CI, 33%-36%). Positive predictive value was 16.9% (95% CI, 16%-18%) and negative predictive value was 92.4% (95% CI, 91-94%). The likelihood ratio for a positive test was 1.3 (95% CI, 1.1-1.5), and the likelihood ratio for a negative test was 0.5 (95% CI, 0.3-0.8). Although negative predictive value was high, the presence of proteinuria/hematuria was only moderately predictive of elevated serum Cr level. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Herbal remedies of street vendors for some urino-genital diseases.

    PubMed

    Sinha, R K

    1992-01-01

    The herbal vendors are the mobile tribal medicinement seen on the busy streets of many Indian cities selling crude medicinal plants and their products. They prescribe herbal treatment for several diseases, a skill they inherited from their forefathers through several generations of experience. They claim to have specific herbal remedies for the complete cure of some urino - genital disorders such as dysuria, hematuria, syphilis and gonorrhea. Cocculus villosus, pedalium murex, Tribulus terrestris, Tinospora cordifolia, Withania Somnifera, Asparagus racemosus and Curculigo orchoides are the herbal drugs of choice used in the treatment.

  12. Effects of bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum L Kuhn) feeding during the development of female rats and their offspring.

    PubMed

    Gerenutti, M; Spinosa, H de S; Bernardi, M M

    1992-08-01

    Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum L Kuhn), is widely food in many parts of the world; the toxic effects have been demonstrated on many species of animals, and both carcinogenicity and enzootic hematuria has been studied. We investigated the effects of feeding bracken fern on the development of female rats and their offspring. The plant was fed as 30% of the normal diet on an ad libitum basis. Bracken fern did not modify the weight gain of the female rats during development, nor affect estrus cycle duration or milk production, the plant did reduce female fertility and weight gain during pregnancy. It also adversely affected physical and neurobehavioral development in the offspring.

  13. [Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney].

    PubMed

    Jorge Adad, S; Estevão Barbosa, M; Fácio Luíz, J M; Furlan Rodrigues, M C; Iwamoto, S

    1996-01-01

    A 48-year-old male had autosomic dominant polycystic kidneys with dimensions, to the best of our knowledge, never previously reported; the right kidney weighed 15,100 g and measured 53 x 33 x 9cm and the left one 10.200 g and 46 x 21 x 7cm, with cysts measuring up to 14cm in diameter. Nephrectomy was done to control persistent hematuria and to relief disconfort caused by the large kidneys. The renal function is stable four years after transplantation.

  14. Marked congenital fissure masquerading as splenic laceration: report of a case

    SciTech Connect

    Hansen, R.M.; Spiegelhoff, D.R.

    1981-02-01

    A 26-year-old white woman fell from a ladder striking her back. Clinical evaluation indicated a left renal contusion with microscopic hematuria, and a liver-spleen scan suggested a splenic laceration. The patient was initially stable but evidence of ongoing blood loss forced exploratory laparotomy on the third hospital day. A large, retroperitoneal perirenal hematoma was found but the spleen was intact, with multiple marked congenital fissures. The problem of congenital fissures as a cause of abnormal spleen scan is discussed.

  15. Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma with sarcomatoid transformation.

    PubMed

    Abrahams, Neil A; Ayala, Alberto G; Czerniak, Bogdan

    2003-10-01

    We present a rare case of a chromophobe renal cell carcinoma that progressed to a high-grade spindle cell sarcoma. The tumor affected a 50-year-old man who had presented with right upper quadrant discomfort and hematuria and subsequently underwent a right radical nephrectomy. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of two distinct components, a chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and a sarcomatoid component. The sarcomatoid component had exhibited aggressive behavior by spreading to a regional lymph node. This case report shows that chromophobe carcinoma can develop a sarcomatoid transformation with a high propensity for invasive growth and metastasis.

  16. Bladder Diverticulitis: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Silberman, Michael; Jeanmonod, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Bladder diverticulum, an outpouching of the mucosa through the muscular wall of the bladder, is a multifactorial disease process that can be either acquired or congenital. Although small diverticuli are usually asymptomatic, a large diverticulum may result in hematuria, urinary tract infection, acute abdomen due to its rupture, acute urinary retention, or neoplasm formation. We describe the case of an elderly gentleman who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and was ultimately diagnosed with bladder diverticulitis, a disease not previously described in the literature. PMID:23326691

  17. Gold nephropathy in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

    PubMed

    Husserl, F E; Shuler, S E

    1979-01-01

    A 2-year-old girl was treated with gold salts for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment had to be discontinued when persistent proteinuria was detected. As this case report indicates, close monitoring of the urine is mandatory during treatment with gold salts to detect early signs of toxicity: hematuria followed by casts and then proteinuria as therapy is continued. Histologic examination with electron microscopy will help to differentiate the different forms of gold toxicity. When the findings are consistent with gold-induced renal involvement, therapy should be discontinued. The gold nephropathy usually resolves in time, with no permanent renal damage.

  18. [Renal artery calcified aneurysm in a female patient with solitary kidney, rare pathology].

    PubMed

    Rodríguez Corchero, J; Martín Calero, J; Martínez Rodríguez, J; Huesa Martínez, I; García Matilla, F

    2004-10-01

    Renal artery aneurysm are uncommon. The true prevalence of renal aneurysms in the general population is unknown (less than 0.4%). Because of more widespread use of Angiography and CT as well as improved imaging techniques, they are diagnosed more frecuently. Fibromuscular dysplasia and arteriosclerotic occlusion of the renal artery are believed to be the most frecuent causes. In general, there are no pathognomonic signs and symptoms of renal aneurysm. Nonspecific complaints include flank pain, hematuria, hypertension and hypotension (suspect rupture of aneurysm). We report a case of a woman with a renal artery calcified aneurysm in a solitary kidney.

  19. Metastasis of prostate adenocarcinoma to the frontal and ethmoid sinus

    PubMed Central

    Akdemir, Fatih; Aldemir, Mustafa; Çakar, Hasan; Güler, Gülnur

    2016-01-01

    Intracranial metastasis of prostate cancer is rarely seen, and there are few studies in this regard in the literature. Most of these studies in the literature comprise the metastasis of prostate cancer to the sphenoid sinus, and metastasis to the frontal and ethmoid sinus is a much rare entity. Association of visual symptoms, epistaxis, headache, and hematuria may indicate a urologic malignancy in terms of the origin of the primary tumor. This study was aimed to present the prostate cancer case of a 73-year-old patient whose paranasal sinus tomograms revealed the presence of frontal and ethmoid sinus metastasis. PMID:27909626

  20. A case of polypoid and papillary cystitis mimicking an advanced bladder carcinoma with invasion of perivesical fat.

    PubMed

    Ozaki, Kumi; Kitagawa, Kiyohide; Gabata, Toshifumi; Matsui, Osamu

    2014-01-01

    A rare case of polypoid and papillary cystitis without a history of catheterization is reported. A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of pain during urination and gross hematuria. The cystscopic and imaging findings including ultrasound, CT, and MR image showed an irregular wall thickening and stranding in the perivesical fat, which indicated an advanced bladder carcinoma, but histopathological findings obtained by transurethral resection revealed polypoid and papillary cystitis. Such benign lesions need to be discussed in the differential diagnosis of patients with bladder tumor to avoid excessive resection.

  1. A case of polypoid and papillary cystitis mimicking an advanced bladder carcinoma with invasion of perivesical fat

    PubMed Central

    Ozaki, Kumi; Kitagawa, Kiyohide; Gabata, Toshifumi; Matsui, Osamu

    2014-01-01

    A rare case of polypoid and papillary cystitis without a history of catheterization is reported. A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of pain during urination and gross hematuria. The cystscopic and imaging findings including ultrasound, CT, and MR image showed an irregular wall thickening and stranding in the perivesical fat, which indicated an advanced bladder carcinoma, but histopathological findings obtained by transurethral resection revealed polypoid and papillary cystitis. Such benign lesions need to be discussed in the differential diagnosis of patients with bladder tumor to avoid excessive resection. PMID:24669128

  2. A rare case of plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma of bladder: Diagnostic dilemmas and clinical implications

    PubMed Central

    Rahman, Khaliqur; Menon, Santosh; Patil, Asawari; Bakshi, Ganesh; Desai, Sangeeta

    2011-01-01

    Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma is an uncommon and aggressive variant of urothelial carcinoma associated with late presentation and poor prognosis. We discuss here the first reported case from India of a 54-year-old male who presented with hematuria. Cystoscopy showed edematous and ulcerated mucosa throughout the bladder. A transurethral biopsy revealed urothelial carcinoma with plasmacytoid appearance. He underwent a radial cystectomy which on histopathology showed plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma of the bladder of high stage with involvement up to bladder serosa and adventitial walls of the ureter. The diagnostic dilemmas of this unusual variant of urothelial malignancy and its clinical impact are discussed. PMID:21716882

  3. Transcatheter Embolization of High-flow Renal Arteriovenous Fistula Using N-butyl Cyanoacrylate Accompanied by Delayed Hydronephrosis

    PubMed Central

    Mizuno, Atsushi; Morita, Yuka; Fuwa, Sokun; Arioka, Hiroko; Harano, Yumi; Niwa, Koichiro; Saida, Yukihisa

    2016-01-01

    Renal arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an uncommon anomaly characterized by the communication between renal arteries and veins. Renal AVFs are often asymptomatic but are occasionally accompanied by hematuria or heart failure. Transcatheter closure with embolization is a safe and effective treatment for renal AVF. We herein report an 87-year-old patient with heart failure due to renal AVF who was treated by transcatheter embolization. She developed bacteremia with hydronephrosis, which is a rare complication following the embolization of renal AVF. PMID:27904109

  4. Unusual complication of aluminum phosphide poisoning: Development of hemolysis and methemoglobinemia and its successful treatment

    PubMed Central

    Soltaninejad, Kambiz; Nelson, Leiws S.; Khodakarim, Nastaran; Dadvar, Zohreh; Shadnia, Shahin

    2011-01-01

    Methemoglobinemia and hemolysis are rare findings following phosphine poisoning. In this paper, a case of aluminum phosphide (AlP) poisoning complicated by methemoglobinemia and hemolysis with a successful treatment is reported. A 28-year-old male patient presented following intentional ingestion of an AlP tablet. In this case, hematuria, hemolysis and methemoglobinemia were significant events. A methemoglobin level of 46% was detected by CO-oximetry. The patient was treated with ascorbic acid and methylene blue and he also received supportive care. Two weeks after admission, the patient was discharged from the hospital. Hemolysis and methemoglobinemia may complicate the course of phosphine poisoning. PMID:21814377

  5. Unusual complication of aluminum phosphide poisoning: Development of hemolysis and methemoglobinemia and its successful treatment.

    PubMed

    Soltaninejad, Kambiz; Nelson, Leiws S; Khodakarim, Nastaran; Dadvar, Zohreh; Shadnia, Shahin

    2011-04-01

    Methemoglobinemia and hemolysis are rare findings following phosphine poisoning. In this paper, a case of aluminum phosphide (AlP) poisoning complicated by methemoglobinemia and hemolysis with a successful treatment is reported. A 28-year-old male patient presented following intentional ingestion of an AlP tablet. In this case, hematuria, hemolysis and methemoglobinemia were significant events. A methemoglobin level of 46% was detected by CO-oximetry. The patient was treated with ascorbic acid and methylene blue and he also received supportive care. Two weeks after admission, the patient was discharged from the hospital. Hemolysis and methemoglobinemia may complicate the course of phosphine poisoning.

  6. [Rare renal anomalies in childhood].

    PubMed

    Arambasić, Jadranka; Puseljić, Silvija; Angebrandt, Snjezana; Puseljić, Ivo

    2003-01-01

    Three patients with megacalycosis, a rare ren anomaly which includes dilatation of all ren calices, are presented. The symptoms of acute uroinfection were present in all three patients. The patients underwent clinical observation, laboratory testing, and renal ultrasound. Ultrasound revealed unilateral hydronephrosis in all three patients. Additional examinations included static and dynamic renal scintigraphy, voiding cystourethrography, and intravenous urography which pointed to unilateral megacalycosis. The symptoms of acute uroinfection were probably triggered by urinary stasis in dilated calices. Surgical intervention is not indicated in megacalycosis. The increasing incidence of uroinfection, urolithiasis and hematuria imposed the need of continuous follow-up in these patients.

  7. Urolithiasis in an Adult with Primary Obstructive Megaureter: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Al-Marhoon, Mohammed S.; Venkiteswaran, Khrishna P.; Shareef, Omar W.

    2013-01-01

    This is a rare case of adult primary obstructive megaureter complicated by combined uric acid-oxalate lithiasis of the ureter and renal stones. A 24-year-old male patient presented with frank hematuria on exercise of 4 years duration. The patient had an open surgery in the form of excision of stenotic segment of ureter and left ureteric re-implantation with removal of ureteric and renal stones. Congenital megaureter is a diagnosis that urologists and radiologists need to consider in the setting of isolated distal ureteral dilation, as the diagnosis of adult megaureter may require more involved surgical measures to prevent recurrence of adverse symptoms. PMID:24044065

  8. Unilateral ureteric stone associated with gross hydronephrosis and kidney shrinkage: a cadaveric report

    PubMed Central

    Tay, Ern-Wei; Bay, Boon-Huat

    2014-01-01

    Ureteric stones are a common cause of obstruction of the urinary tract, usually presenting with characteristic signs and symptoms, such as acute ureteric colic and hematuria. Occasionally, stones may present with non-specific symptoms such as low back pain and remain unidentified, leading to stone growth, chronic ureteric obstruction and complications such as hydronephrosis and renal damage. Here, we report a large ureteric stone in a cadaver with complete obstruction at the left ureterovesical junction, resulting in severe dilatation of the left ureter and renal pelvis. PMID:25548725

  9. Renal cell carcinoma presenting with Melena from direct invasion into the duodenum: a case report and a review of literature.

    PubMed

    Street, Ryan; Brady, Jordan; Slobodav, Gennady

    2013-12-01

    Today the classic triad of flank pain, hematuria and a palpable abdominal mass is rarely present at initial diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma due to the growing number of cases diagnosed incidentally on imaging studies. We report a case of a 58-year-old female who presented with melena where a subsequent esophagogastroduodenoscopy demonstrated a bleeding duodenal lesion. Pathologic study of a biopsy revealed Clear Cell RCC and an ensuing abdominal CT revealed the direct duodenal invasion of a primary renal mass. We also provide a brief review of nephrectomy in the face of metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

  10. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage caused by segmental arterial mediolysis.

    PubMed

    Phillips, Courtney K; Lepor, Herbert

    2006-01-01

    Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a rare clinical entity; signs and symptoms include pain, hematuria, and shock. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage can be caused by tumors, such as renal cell carcinoma and angiomyolipoma; polyarteritis nodosa; and nephritis. The least common cause is segmental arterial mediolysis. Although computed tomography is used for the diagnosis of spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage, it can miss segmental arterial mediolysis as the cause of the hemorrhage. The diagnosis of segmental arterial mediolysis as a cause of spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage requires angiography, with pathologic confirmation for a definitive diagnosis.

  11. Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage Caused by Segmental Arterial Mediolysis

    PubMed Central

    Phillips, Courtney K; Lepor, Herbert

    2006-01-01

    Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a rare clinical entity; signs and symptoms include pain, hematuria, and shock. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage can be caused by tumors, such as renal cell carcinoma and angiomyolipoma; polyarteritis nodosa; and nephritis. The least common cause is segmental arterial mediolysis. Although computed tomography is used for the diagnosis of spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage, it can miss segmental arterial mediolysis as the cause of the hemorrhage. The diagnosis of segmental arterial mediolysis as a cause of spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage requires angiography, with pathologic confirmation for a definitive diagnosis. PMID:16985559

  12. Disseminated tuberculosis following the placement of ureteral stents: a case repot.

    PubMed

    Salem, Bashar

    2008-12-10

    Miliary tuberculosis occurs as a result of hematogenous dissemination of Mycobacerium tuberculosis. This can occur due to progressive primary infection, reactivation of latent focus with subsequent spread, or rarely via iatrogenic origin. This is a case of 21 year-old woman presented with hydronephrosis and hematuria due to unrecognized renal tuberculosis. She underwent bilateral ureteral stent placement which lead to dissemination of the Mycobateria through the blood causing pulmonary tuberculosis and multiple tuberculous abscesses in the paraspinous muscles, pleural space and skin. Disseminated tuberculosis due to Mycobacteremia after surgical intervention is a rare complication. Mycobacteria should be considered among other more common microorganisms that can cause post operative bacteremia.

  13. [Case of mid-ureteral fibroepithelial polyps in a child].

    PubMed

    Fukui, Shinji; Watanabe, Masato; Yoshino, Kaoru

    2011-11-01

    A 11-year-old boy showed gross hematuria and left flank pain. Ultrasonography and CT revealed left hydroureteronephrosis, and he was referred to us for the further evaluation. MRI revealed left hydroureteronephrosis with filling defect at the distal end of the dilated ureter suggesting ureteral polyp. Open surgery was performed with the diagnosis of mid-ureteral obstruction. In the operative findings, multiple stalks of ureteral polyps arose from the entire ureteral wall over 5 cm in length at the site of ureteral obstruction. Mid-ureter with polyps was completely resected, and end-to-end anastomosis was performed. The pathological diagnosis was fibroepithelial polyp of the ureter.

  14. [Renal angiomyolipoma complicated by retroperitoneal hematoma].

    PubMed

    Rabii, R; Fekak, H; Moufid, K; Joual, A; Benjelloun, S; Khaleq, K; Idali, B; Harti, A; Barrou, L

    2002-07-01

    Renal angiomyolipoma (AML) is a benign tumor, they are generally asymptomatic or can manifested by abdominal pain, palpable mass or hematuria. We report an uncommoun case of 65 years old women who consulted for retroperitoneal hemorrhage by spontaneous rupture of renal AML with palpable mass. The ultrasound and CT abdominopelvic scan were performed in the preoperative diagnosis and showed a typical right renal AML with retroperitoneal hematoma. The right nephrectomy by transperitoneal approach was performed with a good follow-up. The histological examination confirmed the diagnosis for renal AML. About this case, the authors discuses the diagnosis and the management for AML with retroperitoneal hemorrhage.

  15. [Diagnostic and therapeutic problems of an atypical cyst of the kidney].

    PubMed

    Rabii, R; Rais, H; Joual, A; Moussaoui, A E; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1999-01-01

    Atypical renal cyst raises diagnostic and therapeutic problems. The authors report a case of atypical renal cyst which raised numerous diagnostic and therapeutic problems. The authors discuss theses problems in the light of this case. A farmer consulted for right lumbar pain without hematuria and hydaturia. Hydatic serology was negative. Ultrasonography and CT scan showed atypical cyst in favour of hydatic cyst. Surgical investigations showed a necrotico-hemorragic cyst, and cystectomy was performed. Histological examination revealed a chronic inflammatory process without malignancy. One year after the operation, clinical and radiological examination were normal.

  16. A RARE CASE OF SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA IN URINARY BLADDER DIVERTICULUM SUCCESSFULLY TREATED BY BLADDER-SPARING SURGERY.

    PubMed

    Štimac, Goran; Knežević, Matej; Grubišić, Igor; Soipi, Soip; Tomas, Davor; Krušlin, Božo

    2015-09-01

    The aim is to report a rare case of squamous cell carcinoma arising in a urinary bladder diverticulum and present recent literature overview of treatment options. A 56-year-old man presented with intermittent hematuria. Ultrasound examination indicated primary carcinoma in the urinary bladder diverticulum. Diagnosis was confirmed with cystoscopy and computed tomography. Transvesical diverticulectomy with regional lymphadenectomy was undertaken. Two years after initial treatment, the patient was well without evidence of tumor relapse. This report implicates that although aggressive surgical approach is recommended in the majority of bladder diverticulum tumors, simple diverticulectomy may be indicated in selected, confined cases.

  17. Posterior urethral polyp with type I posterior urethral valves: a rare association in a neonate.

    PubMed

    Kesan, Krushnakumar V; Gupta, Rahul Kumar; Kothari, Paras; Gupta, Abhaya; Mudkhedkar, Kedar; Kamble, Ravikiran; Dikshit, K Vishesh

    2014-06-01

    Urethral polyp is a rare cause of bladder outlet obstruction, voiding dysfunction, and hematuria in the pediatric age group. Urethral polyps are rarely associated with other congenital urinary tract anomalies. In this study, we report a case of solitary posterior urethral polyp with type I posterior urethral valve in a 7-day-old neonate presented with urinary retention and deranged renal function. The polyp was diagnosed on cystoscopy. Transurethral resection of the polyp with posterior urethral valve fulguration was performed. Pathologic assessment revealed a fibroepithelial lesion, which was consistent with congenital posterior urethral polyp.

  18. Renal masses presenting 25 and 50 years following blunt renal trauma.

    PubMed

    Pruthi, R S; Issa, M M; Kabalin, J N; Terris, M K

    1998-10-01

    The long-term consequences of blunt renal trauma are not well described. We report on 2 patients with a history of blunt renal trauma who presented with radiographically detected renal masses suspicious for renal tumor. Both patients suffered blows to the kidney during boxing matches followed by flank pain and hematuria. The injuries occurred 25 and 50 years prior to the detection of renal masses. Subsequent nephrectomy and histopathological evaluation revealed benign dystrophic renal tissue. These presentations represent probable long-term sequelae of blunt renal trauma.

  19. Hemorrhagic cystitis with massive bleeding from nontyphoidal Salmonella infection: A case report.

    PubMed

    Na, Sun-Kyung; Jung, Hye-Kyung; Kim, Young Shin; Yun, Hye-Won; Chung, Jung-Wha; Jung, Ka-Young; Shim, Ki-Nam; Jung, Sung-Ae

    2013-06-01

    Hemorrhagic cystitis is defined by lower urinary tract symptoms that include dysuria, hematuria, and hemorrhage and is caused by viral or bacterial infection or chemotherapeutic agents. Reports of hemorrhagic cystitis caused by non-typhoidal salmonella (NTS) are extremely rare. We report a case of a 41-year-old man with hemorrhagic cystitis from NTS that caused massive bleeding and shock. The patient was hospitalized for uncontrolled diabetes and obstructive uropathy related to severe cystitis. A urine culture was positive for group D NTS. This case demonstrated that hemorrhagic cystitis in a patient with a risk factor such as diabetes can be a manifestation of local extra-intestinal NTS infection.

  20. IgA nephropathy factors that predict and accelerate progression to end-stage renal disease.

    PubMed

    Huang, Lan; Guo, Feng-Ling; Zhou, Jin; Zhao, Ya-Juan

    2014-04-01

    IgA nephropathy (IgAN) or Berger's disease is a slowly progressing disease that leads to end-stage renal disease in 50 % of the patients within 25 years of the disease. However, several factors are associated with the accelerated progression of this disease causing early development of end-stage disease. Persistent proteinuria or hematuria, poorly controlled hypertension, elevated serum creatinine and prevalent glomerulosclerosis are some of the risk factors that expedite the deteriorative effects of IgAN. Thus, the progression of the disease can be delayed if the associated risk factors are handled and addressed in the nick of time.

  1. Palliative Radiation Therapy for Symptomatic Control of Inoperable Renal Cell Carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Nikolaev, Anatoly; Benda, Rashmi

    2016-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is traditionally considered to be resistant to conventional low dose radiation therapy (RT). The emergence of image-guided stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) made it possible to deliver much higher doses of radiation. Recent clinical trials of SBRT for RCC showed improvement in local control rates and acceptable toxicity. Here we report a case of inoperable symptomatic RCC that was managed with SBRT. Strikingly, the presenting symptoms of gross hematuria and severe anemia were completely resolved following a course of SBRT. Thus, our case report highlights the potential benefit of this technique for patients with inoperable RCC.

  2. Palliative Radiation Therapy for Symptomatic Control of Inoperable Renal Cell Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Nikolaev, Anatoly; Benda, Rashmi

    2015-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is traditionally considered to be resistant to conventional low dose radiation therapy (RT). The emergence of image-guided stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) made it possible to deliver much higher doses of radiation. Recent clinical trials of SBRT for RCC showed improvement in local control rates and acceptable toxicity. Here we report a case of inoperable symptomatic RCC that was managed with SBRT. Strikingly, the presenting symptoms of gross hematuria and severe anemia were completely resolved following a course of SBRT. Thus, our case report highlights the potential benefit of this technique for patients with inoperable RCC. PMID:26793580

  3. [Severe loxoscelism with lethal outcome. Report of one case].

    PubMed

    Zambrano, Alcides; González, Jorge; Callejas, Guillermo

    2005-02-01

    Loxoscelism, is caused by the bite of Loxosceles laeta spiders. It has two clinical forms: cutaneous loxoscelism (CL) and viscerocutaneous loxoscelism (VCL). VCL is characterized by hematuria, hemoglobinuria, jaundice, fever and sensorial involvement. In severe cases there is massive hemolysis and renal failure, with high lethality. We report a 71 year-old man, brought to the hospital five days after suffering a spider bite. The patient was admitted with a severe kidney failure, hemolysis, metabolic acidosis and clotting disorder. The patient was managed with adrenal steroids and dialisys but died five weeks after hospital admission. This particular patient consulted late and had multiple factors of poor prognosis.

  4. [Management of High-Risk Prostate Cancer and Left Ectopic Ureter Inserting into Seminal Vesicle with Ipsilateral Hypoplastic Kidney of a Young Patient : A Case Report].

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Teppei; Koie, Takuya; Soma, Osamu; Kusaka, Ayumu; Hosogoe, Shogo; Hamano, Itsuto; Imai, Atsushi; Hatakeyama, Shingo; Yoneyama, Takahiro; Hashimoto, Yasuhiro; Ohyama, Chikara

    2016-06-01

    A 44-year-old male patient visited our hospital with a chief complaint of macroscopic hematuria. Prostate biopsies were performed due to prostate specific antigen (PSA) 11.6 ng/ml, and he was diagnosed with Gleason score 5+4 prostate cancer. Computed tomography showed a left hypoplastic kidney. T2- weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed the left ureter stump with ectopic insertion into the dilated left seminal vesicle. He was diagnosed with high-risk prostate cancer and left ectopic ureter inserting into the seminal vesicle with ipsilateral hypoplastic kidney. Laparoscopic left nephroureterectomy and open radical prostatectomy were performed.

  5. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia during adalimumab treatment for plaque psoriasis.

    PubMed

    Harada, Yukinori; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Sato, Midori; Kodaira, Mutsuki; Kono, Tsunesuke

    2015-01-01

    Adalimumab is commonly used to treat autoimmune diseases with few reported hematological adverse reactions. We herein describe the case of an 85-year-old Japanese man with plaque psoriasis who developed autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) after 3 years of adalimumab treatment. The patient suddenly developed hematuria and dyspnea on exertion while receiving adalimumab treatment. Laboratory data showed low hemoglobin levels and slightly increased reticulocyte counts, while direct and indirect antiglobulin tests were positive. The patient was diagnosed with AIHA which resolved after replacing the adalimumab treatment with prednisolone therapy. The findings from this case indicate that AIHA may be caused by long-term adalimumab treatment.

  6. Membranous nephropathy that first presented in pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Aoshima, Yumie; Iyoda, Masayuki; Nakazawa, Ai; Yamaguchi, Yutaka; Kuroki, Aki; Shibata, Takanori; Akizawa, Tadao

    2013-01-01

    A 37-year-old woman at 17 weeks of gestation who was first noted to have proteinuria and microscopic hematuria at 13 weeks of gestation was admitted to our hospital with proteinuria that progressed to nephrotic syndrome (NS). Despite the treatment with prednisolone, including methylprednisolone pulse therapy, the NS worsened. The patient underwent an elective abortion at 21 weeks of gestation, and the NS then went into partial remission. A renal biopsy revealed membranous nephropathy (MN). There was no evidence of secondary MN. This is the first reported case of subclinical idiopathic MN that first developed in pregnancy.

  7. An unusual case of anti-glomerular basement membrane disease presenting with nephrotic syndrome.

    PubMed

    Okafor, Chidi C; Balogun, Rasheed A; Bourne, David T; Alhussain, Turki O; Abdel-Rahman, E M

    2011-12-01

    Anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is a vasculitic disease characterized by acute kidney injury, oliguria, hematuria and proteinuria. Proteinuria is rarely in the nephrotic range. A case of anti-GBM disease with proteinuria of 22.5 g/day is discussed. Immunofluorescence showed strong linear IgG deposits while electron microscopy showed widespread visceral epithelial cell foot cell process effacement. No electron dense immune complex-type deposits were identified. Pathology findings were not suggestive of simultaneous presentation of anti-GBM disease and other diseases associated with nephrotic range proteinuria. Anti-GBM disease should be considered in a comprehensive differential diagnosis of severe proteinuria.

  8. Bladder diverticulitis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Silberman, Michael; Jeanmonod, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Bladder diverticulum, an outpouching of the mucosa through the muscular wall of the bladder, is a multifactorial disease process that can be either acquired or congenital. Although small diverticuli are usually asymptomatic, a large diverticulum may result in hematuria, urinary tract infection, acute abdomen due to its rupture, acute urinary retention, or neoplasm formation. We describe the case of an elderly gentleman who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and was ultimately diagnosed with bladder diverticulitis, a disease not previously described in the literature.

  9. HYPOTHALAMIC DYSFUNCTION—A Review of Experimental and Clinical Observations of Cardiac and Renal Aspects

    PubMed Central

    Weinberg, S. J.

    1952-01-01

    The nuclear cell masses of the hypothalamus act as autonomic regulators for visceromotor function. Through the correlation of impulses arising in or about the hypothalamus with the changes in cellular chemistry, there is provided, by mediation of the endocrines, a balanced control of water metabolism, renal function and cardiac action. Derangement of hypothalamic regulation causes specific clinical syndromes described by the general term “diencephalohypophyseal dystrophy.” Cardiac abnormalities attributable to hypothalamic dysfunction include alterations in rate and various arrhythmias. Alteration in renal function includes hematuria, polyuria or relative anuria, and specific effects on electrolyte and nitrogen output. PMID:13009469

  10. Malabsorption syndrome as a rare cause of nephrocalcinosis

    PubMed Central

    Abreu, Rui; Bento, Cláudia; Oliveira, Luís; Morgado, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Summary Nephrocalcinosis is characterized by calcification of kidney parenchyma and can be caused by an increased amount of calcium, phosphate or oxalate in urinary excretion. We report a 35-year-old female with nephrocalcinosis. She had fitful steatorrhea since last year. Physical examination was normal. Analytic exams found normal renal function and ionogram. Primary hyperparathyroidism, renal tubular acidosis and sarcoidosis were excluded. Urinalysis showed mild hematuria, without proteinuria and 24-hour urine collection exhibited hyperoxaluria. Patient was submitted to an endoscopy and duodenal biopsy whose histology sustained the diagnosis of celiac disease. Fluid intake increase and gluten and oxalate free diet were initiated. PMID:28228792

  11. [Biodegradable catheters for fistula prevention in hypospadias. Experimental preliminary study].

    PubMed

    Ramos, J L; Aldazabal, P; Zuza, E; Sarasúa, J R; Arrieta, A; Villanueva, A; Eizaguirre, I

    2013-04-01

    Continuous technical innovations are not enough to resolve the high incidence of fistula after hypospadias repair. A urethral catheter-tutor made of reabsorbable polymeric biomaterial (RPB) which could be left in situ long enough could reduce the complications. To investigate in an animal model differents RPB to be used in urology. CRL Wistar rats, males, divided into 5 equal groups according to the used polymers: polylactide; lactic-coprolactone copolymer; lactic-glycolic copolymer; simulated; control silicones. Three individuals were sacrificed per group at 4th, 10th and 16th week. In all animals (exceptuating the simulated group), biomaterial was fixed to the bladder wall bylaparotomy. Animals remained in individual housing and kept under daily control of hematuria during the first 15 days and weekly weight and urine control for pH and lactate. After being slaughtered, remaining polymer was collected for chemical analysis and bladder tissue for hystologic study. There was no mortality, hematuria nor other clinical signs. The bladder wall showed a mild foreign body reaction. The values of lactate and pH in urine did not reach toxic levels. Lactic-glycolic was totally reabsorbed by the 10th week and had the lowest degree of calcification. Polylactide and lactic-coprolactone remained intact. The model of urinary bladder has proven useful for studying the degradation of bioresorbable polymers. The analyzed polymers have spent long time to be reabsorbed, so we will have to study new others.

  12. Primary ureteral carcinoma. Experience in a general surgical service.

    PubMed

    Alessi, G; Giuliani, A; Fiori, E; Mauro, L; Cavallaro, A

    1985-01-01

    Five cases (3M, 2F) of ureteral transitional cell carcinoma are reported. they have been observed in the last two years in a general surgical service. All the patients have been treated surgically. Gross hematuria was present in all the patients. Three cases had multicentric tumor sites. Three tumors were located in the distal ureter. Four cases showed a non functioning kidney at IVP. In two, because of obstruction, retrograde pyelography was unsuccessful. Ultrasound was able to demonstrate hydronephrosis. In the two cases submitted to angio-CT the spread of the tumor was correctly diagnosed. Frequency, etiology, clinical, diagnostic findings and surgical therapy as well have all been taken into account, based on the literature. Histopathologic aspects, grade and stage, are considered too. The authors emphasize the necessity to find and understand the cause of an unexplained hematuria, since ureteral carcinoma is not as rare as previously thought. Being grade and stage closely related to prognosis, the diagnostic delay must be reduced.

  13. Cytomegalovirus infection of the graft duodenum and urinary bladder after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation.

    PubMed

    Jang, H J; Kim, S C; Cho, Y P; Kim, Y H; Han, M S; Han, D J

    2004-09-01

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an important cause of morbidity after solid organ transplantation. We report a case of CMV infection involving the transplanted duodenum that developed after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation. The patient, a 30-year-old woman with insulin-dependent diabetes undergoing hemodialysis due to chronic renal failure, received a simultaneous cadaveric pancreas-kidney transplantation. The exocrine secretion was diverted using bladder drainage. Immunosuppression was maintained by a combination of tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroids together with OKT3 induction. Both the donor and the recipient were serologically positive for CMV IgG CMV prophylaxis consisted of a short course of parenteral gancyclovir. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 39 with normal pancreas and kidney function. She presented 2 months after transplantation with hematuria. Cystoscopic pancreas allograft biopsy specimens showed evidence of tissue invasive CMV infection in the graft duodenum and bladder. The CMV antigenemia test was positive. At 4 months after transplantation, the patient underwent surgery with the diagnosis of acute abdomen. The surgical findings consisted of a diffuse acute purulent peritonitis due to perforation of the duodenal graft. We sutured the perforation with nonreabsorbable material. The CMV antigenemia test was negative. Eight days later, the patient developed massive hematuria. At surgery, the graft was removed. The patient was discharged from the hospital with normal renal function. Pathological study of the removed graft showed the duodenal segment to have multiple wide ulcers with CMV inclusions in epithelial cells.

  14. A prolonged course of Group A streptococcus-associated nephritis: a mild case of dense deposit disease (DDD)?

    PubMed

    Sawanobori, E; Umino, A; Kanai, H; Matsushita, K; Iwasa, S; Kitamura, H; Oda, T; Yoshizawa, N; Sugita, K; Higashida, K

    2009-06-01

    We herein report the case of a 12-year-old boy with dense deposit disease (DDD) evoked by streptococcal infection. He had been diagnosed to have asymptomatic hematuria syndrome at the age of 6 during school screening. At 12 years of age, he was found to have macrohematuria and overt proteinuria with hypocomplementemia 2 months after streptococcal pharyngitis. Renal biopsy showed endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis with double contours of the glomerular basement membrane. Hypocomplementemia and proteinuria were sustained for over 8 weeks. He was suspected to have dense deposit disease due to intramembranous deposits in the first and the second biopsies. 1 month after treatment with methylprednisolone pulse therapy, proteinuria decreased to a normal level. Microscopic hematuria disappeared 2 years later, but mild hypocomplementemia persisted for more than 7 years. Nephritis-associated plasmin receptor (NAPlr), a nephritic antigen for acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, was found to be positive in the glomeruli for more than 8 weeks. DDD is suggested to be caused by dysgeneration of the alternative pathway due to C3NeF and impaired Factor H activity. A persistent deposition of NAPlr might be one of the factors which lead to complement dysgeneration. A close relationship was suggested to exist between the streptococcal infection and dense deposit disease in this case.

  15. Nutcracker syndrome in a child with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) disease: renal ultrastructural features.

    PubMed

    Ozcan, Ayhan; Gonul, Ipek Isik; Sakallioglu, Onur; Oztas, Emin

    2009-12-01

    Renal nutcracker syndrome is an uncommon clinical condition caused by compression of the left renal vein. It is usually accompanied by hematuria and/or orthostatic proteinuria. To date, the pathogenic mechanism of proteinuria and its ultrastructural features have not been clearly identified. Here, we present the glomerular ultrastructural features of nutcracker syndrome and our attempt to analyze the relationship between proteinuria and ultrastructural features. Two months prior to admission, a 11-year-old girl with familial Mediterranean fever who was treated with colchicine was found to have proteinuria. Accompanying hematuria was not identified, and laboratory findings were otherwise normal. Doppler ultrasonography and computerized tomography angiography revealed an entrapment of the left renal vein. A kidney biopsy was performed due to the persistent proteinuria. Light microscopy revealed segmental, minimal increases in the mesangial cells and matrix. No amyloid deposition was present. Neither immunofluorescence nor electron microscopy showed immunoglobulin deposition. Increased thickness of the glomerular basement membrane due to the unequivocal radiolucent widening of the lamina rara interna was the most striking ultrastructural finding. At high magnification, there were no amyloidal fibrils. It has been proposed that hemodynamic alterations and structural changes in glomerular basement membrane glycosaminoglycans may play a role in the pathogenesis of proteinuria. Radiolucent expansion of the lamina rara interna of the glomerular basement membrane in the presenting case would seem to support these data.

  16. Imaging characteristics of indinavir calculi.

    PubMed

    Schwartz, B F; Schenkman, N; Armenakas, N A; Stoller, M L

    1999-04-01

    Indinavir sulfate is an effective protease inhibitor of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Use is associated with a significant incidence of crystallization and stone formation in the urinary tract, and these calculi are not visible on plain radiographs. Previously all urinary stones, including uric acid and matrix, were believed to be radiodense on computerized tomography (CT). We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the radiographic appearance of indinavir calculi. Retrospective chart review of 36 patients taking indinavir sulfate and presenting with renal colic was performed with attention to presentation, urinalysis, radiographic evaluation and management. Specifically, imaging characteristics on CT were addressed. All patients complained of ipsilateral flank pain and 35 had nausea and/or vomiting. Of 30 patients with dysuria or urgency the majority had hematuria, and most had pyuria and/or proteinuria. No stones were visualized on abdominal radiography. Diagnosis was confirmed on 1 of 13 excretory urograms and 4 of 11 renal ultrasounds. None of 12 CT scans was diagnostic of renal lithiasis. Indinavir sulfate is a protease inhibitor with poor solubility and significant urinary excretion. Crystallization and stone formation are demonstrated in as many as 20% of patients taking the medication. Most patients present with flank pain, nausea or vomiting and hematuria. Previously CT was thought to identify all urinary calculi with clarity but it cannot reliably confirm the presence of indinavir calculi.

  17. [Immune complex glomerulonephritis associated with pulmonary tuberculosis].

    PubMed

    Villar, I; Hernández, E; Cozzi, J; Paletta, C; Mathurín, S

    1994-01-01

    A 32 year old man was admitted for dyspnea, hemoptysis, macroscopic hematuria, hypertension (140/100), peripheral edema and hemodynamic decompensation. Lung Xrays revealed pulmonary edema and a cavity in the left apex. Laboratory determinations revealed an altered renal function with increased creatinine and urea levels and nephrotic syndrome. There was leucocyturia, hematuria and cylindruria. The sputum showed a large number of acid-fast bacilli. The patient began anti-tuberculosis treatment with three drugs (isoniacid, rifampicin, pirazinamide). On ultrasonography, both kidneys revealed ecogenic lesions with size, shape and cortico-medular relationship preserved. The patient persisted with altered renal function, steady levels of urea nitrogen, creatinine and potassium, preserved diuresis and hypertension. Bidimensional echocardiogram: LVDD 55 mm, hypoquinetic septum, pericardic effusion, thickened pericardium, pleural effusion, shortening fraction decreased. He received treatment for this congestive cardiac failure and hypertension with enalapril, nifedipine and fursemide. A percutaneous renal biopsy was performed with anatomopathologic diagnosis of diffuse encocapillar proliferative glomerulonephritis with crescents (15%) and total glomerular sclerosis (33%). Immunofluorescence: positive, immune-complexes with IgM and C3. The patient gradually recovered his normal renal function, improved his pleural effusions and normalized his cardiac function. He was discharged in good clinical condition on the 69th day of anti-tuberculosis treatment. An association between pulmonary tuberculosis and glomerulonephritis is discussed. It is proposed that renal lesions might be the consequence of the tuberculosis due to the sedimentation of circulating immune-complexes.

  18. Hereditary xanthinuria and urolithiasis in a domestic shorthair cat.

    PubMed

    Furman, E; Hooijberg, E H; Leidinger, E; Zedinger, C; Giger, U; Leidinger, J

    2015-11-01

    A 2-year-old domestic shorthair cat was presented with a history of hematuria, stranguria and intermittent urethral obstruction. Urine sediment showed hematuria, pyuria, and yellow-brown, amorphous and spherical crystals. Upon surgical correction of the obstructed urethra by perineal urethrostomy, many dark yellow to grey, irregular, gravel-like to millet grain-sized uroliths, consisting of 100% xanthine by crystallography were found. The urinary xanthine concentration was high. The cat subsequently developed bilateral nephroliths, recurrent urinary tract infection, and chronic kidney failure. Dietary management with a low-purine diet failed in part due to poor compliance, and the cat was euthanized at 6 years of age. Xanthinuria is rare inborn error of metabolism in cats and other species but should be considered as a differential diagnosis in cases of feline urolithiasis. No associated molecular genetic defect has been elucidated, and management of these cases is difficult. In the absence of calculi for analysis, measuring urinary xanthine concentration can help in diagnosing this metabolic defect.

  19. Virtual cystoscopy, computed tomography urography and optical cystoscopy for the detection and follow-up for bladder cancer.

    PubMed

    Ibáñez Muñoz, D; Quintana Martínez, I; Fernández Militino, A; Sánchez Zalabardo, D; Sarria Octavio de Toledo, L; Cozcolluela Cabrejas, R

    To evaluate the utility of virtual cystoscopy (VC) performed with CT urography in patients being studied under gross hematuria or patients being followed-up after a previous bladder cancer and compare the results with those obtained with gold standard technique (optical cystoscopy). Retrospective study of 117 patients who were referred for VC by the Urology Department between May 2014 and May 2015. Those patients presented with gross hematuria or they were previously treated patients from bladder cancer being followed up. These patients were evaluated with MDCT and virtual cystoscopy after distending the bladder with air. The results were compared with those obtained with optical cystoscopy which was performed no more than a week after. The global sensitivity and specificity of VC were 81,8 and 92,1%. Aditional findings detected in CT urography were an aortic dissection, urinary lithiasis and colonic metastasis. VC seems an useful technique in the diagnosis and follow-up for bladder cancer with a good correlation with OC. The main limitations are the impossibility of biopsy during the procedure and the detection of erythematous lesions. Collateral findings can be detected performed with CT urography although the high radiation exposure does not recommend their combined use. Copyright © 2017 SERAM. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. [Steroid pulse therapy combined with tonsillectomy in a patient with IgA nephropathy complicated with tuberculous pleurisy].

    PubMed

    Koike, Kiyomi; Tamaki, Kiyoshi; Takeda, Kazuhito; Sugawara, Kouji; Wakasugi, Daisuke; Okuda, Seiya

    2005-01-01

    We report a case of IgA nephropathy with tuberculous pleurisy that was treated with steroid pulse therapy combined with tonsillectomy. A 27-year-old female was referred to our hospital because of hematuria and proteinuria. Her urinalysis showed mild proteinuria (0.7 to 0.9 g/day) with dysmorphic red blood cells and cellular casts. Her serum creatinine level was within the normal range. Renal biopsy specimens revealed mild mesangial proliferation with cellular crescent and adhesion of glomeruli to the Bowman's capsule. Tubulointerstitial changes including mononuclear cell infiltration and tubular atrophy were also observed. Immunohistochemical staining of IgA and C3 was detected in the mesangial area, leading to the diagnosis of IgA nephropathy. She had a past history of tuberculous pleurisy at 13 years of age and had taken antituberculosis drug for one and a half year. Although treatment with angiotensin receptor antagonist was started, the amount of proteinuria was not changed. Steroid pulse therapy with tonsillectomy followed by oral prednisolone 20 mg/day was conducted. Proteinuria and hematuria gradually decreased. Her respiratory status and chest X-ray had been closely followed up by her respiratory physician. After one and a half years of treatment with low-dose prednisolone, her urinalysis became almost normal. Recurrence of tuberculosis was not observed during the follow-up period. The successful outcome of this case encouraged us to treat IgA nephropathy with a past history of tuberculosis using interventions including steroid pulse therapy.

  1. [The use of NMP22 Bladder-Chek for the diagnosis and follow-up bladder cancer].

    PubMed

    Gonzalo Rodríguez, Victoria; Sanz Justo, Lourdes; de Miguel Santamaría, Isabel; Martínez de Iturrate, Javier; Fernández del Busto, Ernesto

    2008-04-01

    The goal of this work is to evaluate the usefulness of NMP22 BladderChek in the diagnosis and follow-up of bladder cancer, comparing it with cystoscopy and urine cytology. Group 1: 109 asymptomatic patients on follow up for bladder cancer underwent cystoscopy, cytology and NMP22 BladderChek. Group 2:15 patients with history of hematuria underwent cystoscopy and NMP22 BladderChek. Group 1: 9 patients had tumor relapse. Sensitivity was 25% for NMP22 test, 50% for citology and 100% for cystoscopy Specificity was 91.1%, 94.1% and 95% respectively. Group 2: 12 patients had bladder cancer. The sensitivity was of 83.3% for NMP22 BladderChek and 100% for cystoscopy. The specificity was of 100% for NMP22 BladderChek and 66.7% for cystoscopy. The low sensitivity of NMP22 Bladder-Chek invalidates it as alternative method to cystoscopy in the follow-up of bladder cancer. But it can be recommended for screening in patients without history of bladder cancer but with an increased risk (smokers, patients with dysuria and hematuria).

  2. Hemangioma of the prostate - an unusual cause of lower urinary tract symptoms: Case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Hemangioma of the prostate gland is extremely rare and only a few cases have been reported. There have been several cases of hemangioma of posterior urethra, urinary bladder and periprostatic plexus in the literature, all presenting with hematuria or hematospermia. Diagnosis of prostatic hemangioma is difficult due to its rarity and unspecific symptoms such as hematuria, hematospermia or lower urinary tract symptoms. It cannot be detected by conventional examinations such as cystoscopy or standard rectal ultrasonography. Case presentation We present a case of prostatic hemangioma in an 84-year old male presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms. Bleeding has not been a feature in our case and diagnosis was not made until after operation. The patient was treated as a case of bladder neck outflow obstruction with transurethral resection of prostate gland and simultaneous bladder neck incisions. A period of self-catheterization was instituted due to postoperative urinary retention as the result of detrusor insufficiency. Conclusion Hemangioma of prostate gland is extremely rare and symptomatic prostatic hemangioma should be treated either by transurethral resection of prostate or laser evaporation. PMID:21486499

  3. Myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated crescentic glomerulonephritis in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is an inherited disorder that is characterized by the development of cysts in the kidneys and other organs. Urinary protein excretion is usually less than 1 g/day, and ADPKD is rarely associated with nephrotic syndrome or rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN). To date, myeloperoxidase (MPO)-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated crescentic glomerulonephritis (CrGN) has not been reported in a patient with ADPKD. Case presentations We report two cases of MPO-ANCA positive ADPKD. A 60-year-old Japanese woman (case 1) and a 54-year-old Japanese woman (case 2) presented with RPGN featuring severe proteinuria and microscopic hematuria. In both patients percutaneous needle biopsy of the kidney revealed MPO-ANCA-associated CrGN with a paucity of glomerular immunoglobulin staining. Each patient received intravenous methylprednisolone for 3 days, followed by oral prednisolone. Case 1 showed gradual improvement and has not progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), but case 2 developed ESRD requiring hemodialysis within one month despite treatment. Conclusion These are the first two reported cases of MPO-ANCA-associated CrGN in patients with ADPKD. Our experience suggests that serial measurement of the ANCA titer and renal biopsy should be considered for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment of ADPKD patients who present with proteinuria, hematuria, and rapid decline of renal function. PMID:23617397

  4. Mechanistic relationship of all-terrain vehicles and pediatric renal trauma.

    PubMed

    Hale, Nathan; Brown, Aaron

    2013-01-01

    To identify and discuss the mechanistic risk factors associated with genitourinary (GU) trauma in pediatric all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accidents. A retrospective analysis of all pediatric trauma admissions to a level 1 trauma center from 2005 to August 2011 was performed. We identified all pediatric patients who presented with GU trauma related to an ATV accident. The demographics, injury data, mechanism of injury, and treatment records of these children were investigated. A total of 304 pediatric patients were admitted with ATV-related injuries during the study period. Of these 304 patients, 10 (3.2%) had experienced GU injuries. An analysis of the mechanism revealed that 9 of the 10 had been thrown from the ATV; 1 event was described as a rollover accident. All 10 patients sustained renal trauma: 9 renal lacerations of various grades and 1 renal pedicle injury. Hematuria was observed in all cases. Spleen and liver lacerations were commonly associated injuries (40% and 30%, respectively). Pediatric ATV-related GU injuries remain an uncommon, yet serious, problem. Renal trauma is the most commonly encountered GU injury and can be suspected by the presence of hematuria. Analysis of the mechanism of injury suggests that ejection from the ATV places pediatric patients at the greatest risk of renal injury. Additional research is recommended concerning the mechanistic relationship of ATV-related GU trauma. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Intrarenal post-traumatic pseudoaneurysm-USG colour Doppler diagnosis: a case report with review of literature.

    PubMed

    Rashid, Muddassir; Abbas, S Zafar; Haque, Faisal; Rizvi, S Aijaz Abbas; Ali, Wasif Mohammad

    2007-09-01

    Renal artery pseudoaneurysm, although a well-known complication in patients after penetrating trauma or iatrogenic injury, has rarely been described after blunt torso trauma. A 22-year-old man suffered an accident while on a motorcycle. Upon arrival in the Emergency Room, the patient was unconscious, hypotensive and had hematuria. Initial investigations revealed a fractured shaft of the right femur, multiple rib fractures with hemothorax, extradural haematoma on the right side and a laceration in the right kidney. After the evacuation of intracranial bleed, the patient was managed conservatively. The patient recovered well and was discharged on the 15th post-trauma day. The patient was again present in the emergency room after 6 weeks with 1-week history of gross hematuria. Ultrasonography revealed an anechoic lesion in the right kidney with pulsatile flow on colour Doppler. Further investigation with computed tomography renal angiography was done, which confirmed the pseudoaneurysm of a branch of renal artery. The patient was referred to a higher centre where he was successfully managed with selective arterial coil embolisation.

  6. Clinical Course and Long-Term Outcome of Hantavirus-Associated Nephropathia Epidemica, Germany

    PubMed Central

    Latus, Joerg; Schwab, Matthias; Tacconelli, Evelina; Pieper, Friedrich-Michael; Wegener, Daniel; Dippon, Juergen; Müller, Simon; Zakim, David; Segerer, Stephan; Kitterer, Daniel; Priwitzer, Martin; Mezger, Barbara; Walter-Frank, Birgit; Corea, Angela; Wiedenmann, Albrecht; Brockmann, Stefan; Pöhlmann, Christoph; Alscher, M. Dominik

    2015-01-01

    Human infection with Puumala virus (PUUV), the most common hantavirus in Central Europe, causes nephropathia epidemica (NE), a disease characterized by acute kidney injury and thrombocytopenia. To determine the clinical phenotype of hantavirus-infected patients and their long-term outcome and humoral immunity to PUUV, we conducted a cross-sectional prospective survey of 456 patients in Germany with clinically and serologically confirmed hantavirus-associated NE during 2001–2012. Prominent clinical findings during acute NE were fever and back/limb pain, and 88% of the patients had acute kidney injury. At follow-up (7–35 mo), all patients had detectable hantavirus-specific IgG; 8.5% had persistent IgM; 25% had hematuria; 23% had hypertension (new diagnosis for 67%); and 7% had proteinuria. NE-associated hypertension and proteinuria do not appear to have long-term consequences, but NE-associated hematuria may. All patients in this study had hantavirus-specific IgG up to years after the infection. PMID:25533268

  7. Clinical course and long-term outcome of hantavirus-associated nephropathia epidemica, Germany.

    PubMed

    Latus, Joerg; Schwab, Matthias; Tacconelli, Evelina; Pieper, Friedrich-Michael; Wegener, Daniel; Dippon, Juergen; Müller, Simon; Zakim, David; Segerer, Stephan; Kitterer, Daniel; Priwitzer, Martin; Mezger, Barbara; Walter-Frank, Birgit; Corea, Angela; Wiedenmann, Albrecht; Brockmann, Stefan; Pöhlmann, Christoph; Alscher, M Dominik; Braun, Niko

    2015-01-01

    Human infection with Puumala virus (PUUV), the most common hantavirus in Central Europe, causes nephropathia epidemica (NE), a disease characterized by acute kidney injury and thrombocytopenia. To determine the clinical phenotype of hantavirus-infected patients and their long-term outcome and humoral immunity to PUUV, we conducted a cross-sectional prospective survey of 456 patients in Germany with clinically and serologically confirmed hantavirus-associated NE during 2001-2012. Prominent clinical findings during acute NE were fever and back/limb pain, and 88% of the patients had acute kidney injury. At follow-up (7-35 mo), all patients had detectable hantavirus-specific IgG; 8.5% had persistent IgM; 25% had hematuria; 23% had hypertension (new diagnosis for 67%); and 7% had proteinuria. NE-associated hypertension and proteinuria do not appear to have long-term consequences, but NE-associated hematuria may. All patients in this study had hantavirus-specific IgG up to years after the infection.

  8. Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome and IgA nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Sugimoto, Keisuke; Fujita, Shinsuke; Miyazawa, Tomoki; Okada, Mitsuru; Takemura, Tsukasa

    2013-01-01

    A syndrome of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA), as well as immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), may be caused by autoimmune reactivity nephropathy. A 10-year-old boy presented with periodic fever, exudative tonsillitis, oral aphthous ulcer, and cervical lymph node inflammation. These conditions had occurred at intervals of about 2-6 weeks since the age of 3 years. Microscopic hematuria, first detected at age 8 years, worsened during episodes of PFAPA-related fever; since 10 years of age, the hematuria was accompanied by sustained proteinuria. Examination of a kidney biopsy specimen led to a diagnosis of IgAN. In the kidney specimen, fractalkine immunoreactivity and heavy macrophage infiltration were prominent. Multi-drug cocktail therapy improved the urinalysis findings, and subsequent tonsillectomy succeeded in controlling recurrences of PFAPA and IgAN. In a post-treatment renal biopsy specimen, mesangial proliferation was decreased, and fractalkine immunoreactivity was absent. Immunologic reactions against certain antigens in local mucosa, including tonsils, may be impaired in PFAPA and IgAN, as evidenced by the suppression of both diseases in our patient by tonsillectomy. Accordingly, the concurrence of PFAPA and IgAN in our patient appeared to be a consequence of shared autoimmune mechanisms and systemic and local increases in cytokine concentrations, rather than coincidence.

  9. Transposition of the left renal vein for the treatment of nutcracker syndrome in children: a short-term experience.

    PubMed

    Ullery, Brant W; Itoga, Nathan K; Mell, Matthew W

    2014-11-01

    Nutcracker syndrome is caused by compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. Invasive surgical intervention for this pathologic entity is controversial, particularly in the pediatric population. We aim to describe our early clinical and operative experience with such patients. We report 3 cases of pediatric patients undergoing successful left renal vein transposition for the treatment of nutcracker syndrome. All 3 patients were female (age 9-17 years) and presented with a mean of 11.7 months of abdominal or left flank pain requiring chronic narcotic analgesia. Initial clinical presentations were associated with either hematuria or proteinuria. Diagnosis of nutcracker syndrome was supported in each case by an elevated renocaval pressure gradient and/or axial imaging demonstrating mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein. All patients underwent open surgical repair, which included left renal vein transposition, liberation of the ligament of Treitz and associated adhesions, as well as excision of periaortic nodal tissue (mean hospital length of stay 5.7 days). After mean follow-up of 13 months, all patients report complete resolution of symptoms and hematuria/proteinuria. Transposition of the left renal vein is a safe and effective treatment for nutcracker syndrome in appropriately selected pediatric patients. Further experience and long-term follow-up are warranted to better evaluate the sustained efficacy of this procedure in this unique patient population. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Enzyme replacement therapy in a patient of heterozygous Fabry disease: clinical and pathological evaluations by repeat kidney biopsy and a successful pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Iwafuchi, Yoichi; Maruyama, Hiroki; Morioka, Tetsuo; Noda, Seiko; Nagata, Hiroshi; Oyama, Yuko; Narita, Ichiei

    2017-10-10

    Fabry disease is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder of glycosphingolipid catabolism caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal hydrolase alpha-galactosidase A (ɑ-Gal A). A 20-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of proteinuria and persistent macroscopic hematuria. Based on the typical renal pathological findings, deficient activity of the ɑ-Gal A, and heterozygous mutation in the ɑ-Gal A gene, she was diagnosed with Fabry disease. After 1 year of enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase alfa at 0.2 mg/kg every other week, the patient's proteinuria and hematuria were disappeared. In our patient, enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase alfa was observed to be safe and well-tolerated during her pregnancy, with no significant negative effects on her or her child. Here, we report clinical and pathological evaluations of a patient through repeat kidney biopsy after 6 years of enzyme replacement therapy. Furthermore, we discussed the appropriate enzyme replacement therapy and its safety in pregnant women with Fabry disease.

  11. Urology patients in the nephrology practice.

    PubMed

    Chi, Amanda C; Flury, Sarah C

    2013-09-01

    Urologists and nephrologists provide care to many mutual patients. This review addresses the initial management of upper urinary tract issues commonly seen in nephrology practice. Patients with hematuria without clear benign causes should be referred to urologists for workup to rule out urologic malignancies. Asymptomatic microscopic hematuria after negative workup should be followed with annual urinalysis with repeat urologic evaluation if it persists after 5 years. Hydronephrosis is another commonly encountered diagnosis. Functional urinary obstruction should be excluded using a diuretic nuclear renography in the appropriate population. Asymptomatic, stable hydronephrosis can be observed, but those with acute, symptomatic obstruction, or patients with suspected obstruction with signs of infection, should seek urologic care for intervention. Hydronephrosis is common in pregnant women; symptomatic patients merit intervention similar to nonpregnant patients. The management of patients with an acute stone episode is similar to that for those with hydronephrosis. Patients with first stone episodes need evaluation for risk factors for stone formation, whereas patients with identified risk factors or recurrent stones need comprehensive metabolic workup. Patients with incidentally found kidney masses should be referred to urology for possible intervention when they have solid kidney masses or cystic masses that need further evaluation.

  12. Intraneobladder Hem-o-Lok Migration with Stone Formation after Orthotopic Neobladder Cystectomy.

    PubMed

    Shu-Xiong, Zeng; Zhen-Sheng, Zhang; Xiao-Wen, Yu; Hui-Zhen, Li; Xin, Lu; Ying-Hao, Sun; Chuan-Liang, Xu

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery are widely performed in urology field, so Hem-o-Lok clips are thus extensively used in the laparoscopic procedures. We describe the first case of Hem-o-Lok clip which migrated into the neobladder with calculus formation 26 months after laparoscopic orthotopic neobladder cystectomy, which causes symptoms of gross hematuria and frequent urination. Case Presentation. A 57-year-old man with T2a muscle invasive bladder cancer underwent laparoscopic orthotopic sigmoid neobladder reconstruction after cystectomy which was complicated by intestinal anastomosis leak and peritoneal abscess requiring transverse colostomy and drainage 15 days postoperatively. Twenty-six months after cystectomy, he complained of gross hematuria and frequent urination. Computerized tomography and plain pelvic X-ray revealed a stone measuring approximately 2.8 cm in diameter in the neobladder. During cystoscopy, a closed whitish Hem-o-Lok clip was seen in the center of the calculi. No anastomotic leak or neoplasm was found during cystoscopy. Conclusion. Hem-o-Lok clip migration into the bladder after laparoscopic orthotopic neobladder cystectomy is a rare complication; the first reported case in the literature. To prevent Hem-o-Lok clip migration, it is recommended to avoid extensive use of Hem-o-Lok clip close to anastomosis site, and any loose Hem-o-Lok clip should be retrieved before closure.

  13. Double Coaxial Microcatheter Technique for Glue Embolization of Renal Arteriovenous Malformations.

    PubMed

    Uchikawa, Yoko; Mori, Kensaku; Shiigai, Masanari; Konishi, Takahiro; Hoshiai, Sodai; Ishigro, Toshitaka; Hiyama, Takashi; Nakai, Yasunobu; Minami, Manabu

    2015-10-01

    To demonstrate the technical benefit of the double coaxial microcatheter technique for embolization of renal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with n-butyl cyanoacrylate and iodized oil (glue). Six consecutive patients (1 man and 5 women; mean age 61 years; range 44-77 years) with renal AVMs were included. Five patients had hematuria, and one had a risk of heart failure due to a large intrarenal arteriovenous shunt. All patients underwent transarterial embolization using glue and the double coaxial microcatheter technique with outer 2.6F and inner 1.9F microcatheters. After glue injection, the inner microcatheter was retracted, while the outer microcatheter was retained. We assessed the complications and clinical outcomes of this technique. Technical success was achieved in all patients. In 9 sessions, 34 feeding arteries were embolized with glue using the double coaxial microcatheter technique, 1 was embolized with glue using a single microcatheter, and 2 were embolized with coils. The double coaxial microcatheter technique was useful for selecting small tortuous feeding arteries, preventing glue reflux to the proximal arteries, and approaching multiple feeding arteries without complete retraction of the microcatheters. As a minor complication, glue migrated into the venous system in four patients without any sequelae. In all patients, favorable clinical outcomes, including hematuria cessation in five patients and improvement of the large intrarenal arteriovenous shunt in one patient, were obtained without deterioration of renal function. Glue embolization with the double coaxial microcatheter technique was useful for treating renal AVMs with multiple tortuous feeding arteries.

  14. Renal diseases in the elderly underwent to percutaneous biopsy of native kidneys.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Claudine Maria Jorge; Costa, Roberto Silva; Vieira Neto, Osvaldo Merege; Dantas, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti; Moysés Neto, Miguel; Romão, Elen Almeida; Barros-Silva, Gyl Eanes; Coelho, Eduardo Barbosa; Dantas, Márcio

    2010-12-01

    The elderly population is growing and aging in better clinical conditions than in the past. However, the distribution and course of kidney diseases in elderly patients are not well known partially due to reluctance to indicate renal biopsies in those patients. To evaluate the distribution, clinical features, and outcomes of nephropathies diagnosed by biopsy in the elderly. Seventy-one patients (47 males, 24 females) aged 60 years or older (67.3 ± 6.5 years), undergoing biopsy from January 1990 to December 2006, were evaluated. They were grouped according to their clinical syndromes. Nephrotic syndrome was observed in 35 patients (49.3%), mainly associated with membranous nephropathy (17 patients), followed by amyloidosis and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (seven patients each). Acute kidney injury (AKI) was diagnosed in 19 patients, and the main histopathological diagnoses were acute tubular necrosis (six patients) and cast nephropathy (three patients). Of those 19 patients, only two had a favorable course, while the others died early or progressed toward advanced chronic kidney disease. Twelve patients undergoing biopsy because of asymptomatic hematuria or proteinuria had different diagnoses, but most of them already had significant chronic nephropathy. In five patients with nephritic syndrome, the biopsies also showed several diagnoses. Nephrotic syndrome was the major indication for renal biopsy, and membranous nephropathy was the most frequent diagnosis. Among patients with AKI and asymptomatic hematuria or proteinuria, different diagnoses were found with high levels of advanced chronic nephropathy.

  15. A simultaneous liver-kidney transplant recipient with IgA nephropathy limited to native kidneys and BK virus nephropathy limited to the transplant kidney.

    PubMed

    Ujire, Manasa P; Curry, Michael P; Stillman, Isaac E; Hanto, Douglas W; Mandelbrot, Didier A

    2013-08-01

    Immunoglobulin A (IgA) deposition in the native kidneys of patients with liver disease is well described. Secondary IgA nephropathy usually is thought to be benign, but hematuria, proteinuria, and loss of kidney function have been reported in this context. BK virus nephropathy is an important cause of kidney transplant loss; however, BK virus nephropathy is rare in the native kidneys of patients who underwent transplantation of other organs. We report the case of a patient with alcohol-related end-stage liver disease and chronic kidney disease with hematuria who underwent simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation. His kidney function decreased over the course of several weeks posttransplantation. Biopsy of the transplant kidney showed BK virus nephropathy, but no IgA deposits. In contrast, biopsy of the native kidneys showed IgA deposits, but no BK virus nephropathy. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation wherein both the native and transplant kidneys were biopsied posttransplantation and showed exclusively different pathologies. These findings confirm the predilection of BK virus nephropathy for transplant rather than native kidneys. Copyright © 2013 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. [Atypical metastatic site of lung adenocarcinoma].

    PubMed

    Sakhri, L; Mennecier, B; Jacqmin, D; Di Marco, A; Schumacher, C; Chenard, M-P; Bergmann, E; Quoix, E

    2011-12-01

    The case concerns a 40 years old smoker male, treated for an adenocarcinoma of the left upper lobe, metastatic in muscle extended to the right femur cortex. The patient had first a surgical excision of the mass of the thigh, an intramedullary femoral nailing, and six courses of chemotherapy (cisplatin-vinorelbine) with concurrent thoracic radiotherapy. This treatment led to disease stability. One year later, hematuria revealed a bladder tumor. Cystoscopy with biopsy concluded to an adenocarcinoma pulmonary origin. The PET-scanner showed an uptake of the bladder mass, a hypermetabolic right adrenal gland and subcutaneous left shoulder nodule. The patient had a partial cystectomy associated with enterocystoplasty and left ureteral reimplantation, plus excision of the subcutaneous nodule located in the left shoulder and a right adrenalectomy during the same time. All of the sites were metastasis from adenocarcinoma of pulmonary origin. A salvage chemotherapy was initiated. In the vast majority of cases, bladder metastasis as primary bladder tumours is revealed by hematuria, cystitis or sometimes vague pelvic pain. Our case is a very unusual bladder metastatic site from lung cancer. We will discuss the different procedures and the therapeutic strategies on the basis of the published data.

  17. [Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in a 68-year-old man].

    PubMed

    Rubio, E; Acevedo, M

    2004-01-01

    A 68-year-old male with macroscopic hematuria and constitutional symptoms as fever and weight loss. There was nothing interesting in the anamnesis or in the physical exploration. The laboratory test had an elevation of creatinine of 4 mg/dL and ten days before it had been 1.4 mg/dL. In the urine analysis: proteinuria of 1.5 G/24 h, and hematuria. On the second day we made a renal biopsy where we could seen segmental glomerular necrosis and crescent fromation in 80% of the glomeruli. In the immune study c-ANCA anti-PR3 was positive. In the complementary studies we didn't find other organs affected. With the diagnosis of pauci-immune glomerulonephritis limited to the kidney we began treatment with corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide. As the renal function was severely affected the patient needed one dialysis session. We began with 1 g intravenous methylprednisolone daily for 3 days followed by oral prednisone 60 mg daily tapering to 10 mg daily by 3 months. This was combined with 150 mg oral cyclophosphamide daily. Seven plasma exchanges were performed. At the beginning of treatment creatinine was 7 mg/dL, it was decreasing rapidly and three week after cretinine was 3 mg/Dl and he was asymptomatic. One year after treatment, creatinine is 1.4 mg/dL and the urine analysis is normal, C-ANCA are negative.

  18. [Chronic kidney disease in 5 708 people receiving physical examination].

    PubMed

    Xu, Guo; Chen, Zhiheng; Zhang, Hao; Gong, Ni; Wang, Yan

    2014-04-01

    To investigate chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its risk factors in people receiving physical examination. This retrospective study included people over 20 years old who had physical examination in the Health Management Center of Third Xiangya Hospital from Janurary 2008 to June 2011. CKD and its risk factors as well as questionnaire were recorded. The risk factors were analyzed by multivariate logistic analysis. CKD was defined by kidney damage (microalbuminuria≥30 mg/L) and/or hematuria and/or reduced kidney function [evaluate glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60 mL/(min.1.73 m2)]. We counted eGFR according to the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD). A total of 5 708 physical examination reports were included. The detection rate of albuminuria, reduced renal function and hematuria was 25.0%, 1.7% and 1.1%. The detection rate of CKD was 25.6%, and detection rate of CKD stage 1-5 was 17.8%, 6.7%, 1.1%, 0 and 0, respectively. Multivariate logistic analysis indicated that diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, male, age, and smoking were the risk factors for CKD. Increasing physical activity was the protective factor against CKD. High prevalence of CKD in people receiving physical examination is found in Changsha, especially stage 1 and 2 CKD. Physical examination is important to screen CKD. Stopping smoking, control of blood glucose, blood pressure, blood lipids and increasing physical activity may help reduce the prevalence of CKD.

  19. Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Presenting as a Paranasal Sinus Mass: The Importance of Differential Diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Altissimi, Giancarlo; Turchetta, Rosaria; Rigante, Mario

    2017-01-01

    Metastases in the paranasal sinuses are rare; renal cell carcinoma is the most common cancer that metastasizes to this region. We present the case of a patient with a 4-month history of a rapidly growing mass of the nasal pyramid following a nasal trauma, associated with spontaneous epistaxis and multiple episodes of hematuria. Cranial CT scan and MRI showed an ethmoid mass extending to the choanal region, the right orbit, and the right frontal sinus with an initial intracranial extension. Patient underwent surgery with a trans-sinusal frontal approach using a bicoronal incision combined with an anterior midfacial degloving; histological exam was compatible with a metastasis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Following histological findings, a total body CT scan showed a solitary 6 cm mass in the upper posterior pole of the left kidney identified as the primary tumor. Although rare, metastatic renal cell carcinoma should always be suspected in patients with nasal or paranasal masses, especially if associated with symptoms suggestive of a systemic involvement such as hematuria. A correct early-stage diagnosis of metastatic RCC can considerably improve survival rate in these patients; preoperative differential diagnosis with contrast-enhanced imaging is fundamental for the correct treatment and follow-up strategy. PMID:28168075

  20. Acute abrin poisoning treated with continuous renal replacement therapy and hemoperfusion successfully: A case report.

    PubMed

    Huang, Jiliang; Zhang, Wenbin; Li, Xin; Feng, Shufen; Ye, Gang; Wei, Hongcheng; Gong, Xiaobing

    2017-07-01

    Abrin is a highly toxic protein obtained from the seeds of Abrus precatorius, but poisoning due to ingestion of A precatorius is extremely rare in China. A 16-year-old girl, perfectly healthy before, was admitted to the department of gastroenterology owing to intentional ingestion of 10 crushed A precatorius seeds, with multiple episodes of somnolent and anxious mental status, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, hematochezia, and hematuria. Acute abrin poisoning. We immediately took effective measures including gastric lavage, purgation, gastric acid suppression by proton pump inhibitor (PPI), liver protection, hemostasis, blood volume and electrolytes resuscitation, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), and hemoperfusion (HP). Her unwell mental status was improved to the point at which she became conscious and relaxed. The symptoms of vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, hematochezia, and hematuria disappeared gradually. The girl eventually made an excellent recovery with no complications at her 3-month follow-up. The combination of CRRT and HP is an efficient measure in the treatment of abrin poisoning for which there is no specific antidote. This is the first reported case of an abrin poisoning patient successfully treated by CRRT plus HP. Our experience will be useful to other physicians in managing patients of acute abrin poisoning in the future.

  1. Use of magnetic resonance urography.

    PubMed

    Klein, L T; Frager, D; Subramanium, A; Lowe, F C

    1998-10-01

    Magnetic resonance urography (MRU) is a new technique that uses heavily weighted T2 coronal images with fat suppression pulse. Urine appears white on MRU, resembling an intravenous urogram (IVU). Contrast agents are not necessary. This study describes the use of MRU in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with hematuria. One hundred six patients with microscopic or gross hematuria and 6 normal volunteers underwent MRU between 1992 and 1995. A modified, heavily weighted T2 technique with intravenous administration of furosemide and ureteral compression was used. Thirty-two patients had other imaging techniques as well for comparison. MRU provided high-resolution images in almost all cases; 73 (69%) had a normal MRU. Significant findings in the 33 patients with abnormalities included renal cysts in 17 (51%), renal cell carcinoma in 6 (18%), transitional cell carcinoma in 5 (15%), ureteropelvic junction obstruction in 3 (9%), and stones causing obstruction in 6 (18%). Five patients with renal failure also had good visualization of the entire urinary tract. MRU was comparable to other imaging modalities except in identifying nonobstructing calculi. MRU provides an alternative to conventional imaging of the urinary tract, especially in those patients who have contraindications to ionizing radiation and contrast agents. Improvements in resolution, technique, and cost have to be addressed before it can be used regularly in urologic practice.

  2. Kidney disease among children in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Tallman, Jacob E.; Chu, Emily Y.; Fitzgerald, Daniel W.; Pain, Kevin J.; Peck, Robert N.

    2015-01-01

    The global burden of kidney disease is increasing, and several etiologies first begin in childhood. Risk factors for pediatric kidney disease are common in Africa, but data regarding its prevalence are lacking. We completed a systematic review of community-based studies describing the prevalence of proteinuria, hematuria, abnormal imaging, or kidney dysfunction among children in sub-Saharan Africa. Medline and Embase were searched. Five hundred twenty-three references were reviewed. Thirty-two references from 9 countries in sub-Saharan Africa were included in the qualitative synthesis. The degree of kidney damage and abnormal imaging varied widely: proteinuria 32.5% (2.2%-56.0%); hematuria 31.1% (0.6%-67.0%); hydronephrosis 11.3% (0.0%-38.0%), hydroureter 7.5% (0.0%-26.4%), major kidney abnormalities 0.1% (0.0%-0.8%). Serum creatinine was reported in four studies with insufficient detail to identify the prevalence renal dysfunction. A majority of the studies were performed in Schistosoma haematobium endemic areas. A lower prevalence of kidney disease was observed in the few studies from non-endemic areas. Published data on pediatric kidney disease in sub-Saharan Africa is highly variable and dependent on S. haematobium prevalence. More community-based studies are needed to describe the burden of pediatric kidney disease, particularly in regions where S. haematobium infection is non-endemic. PMID:25420180

  3. [Urogenital tuberculosis today].

    PubMed

    Zhukova, I I; Kul'chavenia, E V; Kholtobin, D P; Brizhatiuk, E V; Khomiakov, V T; Osadchiĭ, A V

    2013-01-01

    In order to analyze the structure of urogenital tuberculosis, retrospective analysis of medical records of 131 patients with newly diagnosed urogenital tuberculosis observed in the Novosibirsk Regional TB Dispensary from 2009 to 2011 was performed. The renal tuberculosis is main form in the structure is urotuberculosis, detected in 75% of patients, and widespread destructive forms of the disease were diagnosed in more than half of cases. Isolated nephrotuberculosis was more often diagnosed in women--56.8%. 15.9% of patients had asymptomatic nephrotuberculosis; one-third of patients complained of pain in the lumbar region and frequent painful urination (35.2 and 39.8%, respectively); symptoms of intoxication were present in 17% of patients, renal colic--in 9.1%, and gross hematuria--in 7.9% of patients. Mycobacteriuria in isolated nephrotuberculosis was detected in 31.8% of cases. Acute tuberculous orchiepididymitis developed in 35.7% of patients, hemospermia was observed in 7.1% of patients, dysuria was in 35.7% of patients. The pain in the perineum, frequent painful urination (both by 31.6%), hemospermia (26.3%) were main complaints in prostate tuberculosis. Mycobacteria was detected in 10.5% of cases. It was found that urogenital tuberculosis has no pathognomonic symptoms; the most alarming manifestations include long-term dysuria, hematuria, hemospermia.

  4. [Berger's disease in childhood. The clinical, laboratory and histological aspects. A collaborative multicenter study of the Pediatric Nephrology Section of the Portuguese Society of Pediatrics].

    PubMed

    Stone, R; Sá, G

    1993-10-01

    After a multicentric questionnaire, a clinicopathological study was performed retrospectively in 35 children with Berger's Disease. The sex ratio was 2.8/1 (M/F) and the mean age of onset was 8.5 years. Gross hematuria was the presenting sign in all the patients, being isolated in 20 and associated with proteinuria in the others. 2.3 was mean number of episodes per year and they lasted from 1 to 4 days in 14 patients and from 5 to 15 in the remaining. In 32 patients the episodes were related to a previous respiratory infection and in the meantime 34 patients had persistent microscopic hematuria. Seric IgA was raised in 67% of the patients during the episodes and in 45% between them. The histopathological studies demonstrated, by immunofluorescence microscopy, besides mesangial deposits of IgA in all the patients, C3 deposits in 17, IgG in 9 and IgM in 5 and by optic microscopy 31 cases had mesangial hypercellularity (2 with crescents in less than 50% of the glomeruli) and 4 minimal lesions. None of the 35 patients developed renal failure (4.6 years mean follow-up).

  5. [IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease). Our experience in 78 cases].

    PubMed

    Jara, A; Vial, S; Rosenberg, H; Cisternas, H; Becker, J; Vaccarezza, A; Flores, J C

    1990-09-01

    We studied 78 patients with a diagnosis of IgA nephropathy. Renal biopsy was indicated in 69 patients by the presence of macroscopic hematuria (52%), microhematuria or proteinuria (22%), nephrotic syndrome (10%), severe hypertension with microhematuria or renal failure (14%) or nephritic syndrome (1%). Nine were healthy subjects being studied as live kidney donors. An association with IgG and/or IgM was present in 92% of patients. Serum IgA was elevated in 36% of patients. Hypertension was present in 30% and decreased renal function in 29%. Patients with serum creatinine above 1.5 mg/dl tended to be older (33.8 vs 28.7 years) and to have hypertension (52% vs 19%). Among 25 patients followed for more than 12 months renal function remained stable in 44%, deteriorated in 20% and 36% developed renal failure. The latter was associated to older age, hypertension, absence of macroscopic hematuria and nephrotic syndrome. The 9 live donors had no clinical manifestations of renal disease. Thus, IgA nephropathy is a highly variable clinical entity, both in its manifestations and its prognosis. An asymptomatic course is demonstrated in some subjects.

  6. Cluster analysis of antinuclear autoantibodies in the prognosis of SLE nephropathy: are anti-extractable nuclear antibodies protective?

    PubMed

    Tápanes, F J; Vásquez, M; Ramírez, R; Matheus, C; Rodríguez, M A; Bianco, N

    2000-01-01

    To investigate the possible role of anti-ENA autoantibodies in the pathogenesis of SLE nephropathy, we performed a cross sectional clustering study of 91 SLE patients using 75 clinical and laboratory variables examining the presence of anti-dsDNA and ENA autoantibodies by ELISA and Western blot. We applied principal component, hierarchical cluster, multiple correspondence and logistical regression analysis. Two polar forms of SLE nephropathy and five clinical groups were identified: group 1 without overt nephropathy (n = 37), group 2 with nephropathy and only proteinuria (n = 19), group 3 nephropathy and only hematuria (n = 11), group 4 with hematuria and proteinuria (n = 14) and group 5 on renal failure (n = 10). When analyzed individually, levels of anti-dsDNA and single anti-ENA antibodies did not allow us to differentiate between renal and non-renal groups. However, when the anti-ENA autoantibodies were analyzed as a cluster, a high predictive value for clinical nephropathy was obtained. Thus, the absence of ENA antibodies (ENA ve or Venezuelan cluster) increased eleven-fold the odds ratio to develop SLE nephropathy. We suggested that the ENA ve cluster may predict development of the most severe forms of renal lupus while the ENA Sm/RNP and the ENA Ro/La/Sm/RNP clusters could be associated with the absence and the most benign form of SLE nephropathy. It must be interesting to apply similar cluster methodology in an SLE population with different ethnic background.

  7. Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis with pulmonary edema presenting as respiratory distress.

    PubMed

    Chiu, Chih-Yung; Huang, Yhu-Chering; Wong, Kin-Sun; Hsia, Shao-Hsuan; Lin, Chi-Jen; Lin, Tzou-Yien

    2004-11-01

    Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis(PSGN) is characterized by an abrupt onset of edema,hypertension, and hematuria. Although the association of pulmonary edema with acute glomerulonephritis has been established, it is uncommon for children with PSGN to present with respiratory distress due to pulmonary edema. We encountered six such patients, aged 6-10 years, during a 10-month period. The demographic data, clinical manifestations, laboratory data, radiographic pictures, and clinical courses were collected. All patients presented to the primary pediatricians with dyspnea and alveolar infiltrates with bilateral pleural effusions on plain chest radiographs that were misinterpreted as pneumonia initially. The diagnosis of PSGN was de-layed until the awareness of the presence of pulmonary edema complicating PSGN. Subsequent urinalysis and blood pressure measurement all showed microscopic hematuria and hypertension. Elevated serum antistreptolysin 0 titers and depressed serum complement C3 levels confirmed the diagnosis of PSGN. Two patients progressed to respiratory failure because of a delayed diagnosis of PSGN. All patients recovered without sequelae following appropriate diuresis and antihypertensive therapy. We conclude that in preschool and school-age children who present with dyspneic respirations and a chest radiograph showing radiographic features of pulmonary edema, proper evaluation including blood pressure recording and urinalysis should be performed immediately. Prompt diagnosis and early therapy of PSGNmay avoid mortality and unnecessary therapeutic intervention.

  8. Eosinophilic cystitis with recurrent urinary retention: case report

    PubMed Central

    Park, Hongzoo

    2017-01-01

    Eosinophilic cystitis is a rare inflammatory disease of the bladder whose origin, pathogenesis, and treatment are unknown. Frequency, dysuria, and hematuria are frequent symptoms. Here, we report a rare occurrence of recurrent urinary retention and repetitive catheterization. A 67-year-old male presented with acute urinary retention and intermittent gross hematuria of 2 weeks duration. Urethral catheterization followed by a trial without catheter, was successful. Complete blood count showed presence of eosinophils (eosinophilia) and computed tomography of kidneys, ureter and bladder with contrast showed thickened bladder wall and small prostate. Cystoscopy revealed an erythematous lesion over the anterior wall. The rest of the mucosa was normal. Transurethral biopsies of the lesion were performed and histologic examination showed features of eosinophilic cystitis. Despite multiple medication regimens containing corticosteroids and antihistamines, he presented with recurrent urinary retention, approximately once every month. After 6 months, he was started on bethanechol, which led to no catheterization for up to 2 years. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the successful use of bethanechol as a treatment for eosinophilic cystitis with recurrent urinary retention. PMID:28357204

  9. Transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract: spectrum of imaging findings.

    PubMed

    Browne, Ronan F J; Meehan, Conor P; Colville, Jane; Power, Raymond; Torreggiani, William C

    2005-01-01

    Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) accounts for up to 10% of neoplasms of the upper urinary tract and usually manifests as hematuria. Imaging plays an important role in assessment of upper tract disease, unlike in bladder TCC, diagnosis of which is usually made at cystoscopy. Traditional imaging modalities, such as excretory urography, retrograde pyelography, and ultrasonography, still play pivotal roles in diagnosis of upper tract TCC, in combination with endourologic techniques. The multicentric nature of TCC makes assessment of the entire urothelium essential before treatment. The advent of minimally invasive surgery, which allows renal preservation in selected patients, makes accurate tumor staging mandatory to determine the appropriate therapy; staging is usually performed with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Vigilant urologic and radiologic follow-up is warranted to assess for metachronous lesions and recurrence. The emerging technique of CT urography allows detection of urinary tract tumors and calculi, assessment of perirenal tissues, and staging of lesions; it may offer the opportunity for one-stop evaluation in the initial assessment of hematuria and in follow-up of TCC. Similar MR imaging protocols can be used in patients who are not candidates for CT urography, although detection of urinary tract calcifications may be suboptimal.

  10. Disseminated adenoviral infection masquerading as lower urinary tract voiding dysfunction in a kidney transplant recipient.

    PubMed

    Aboumohamed, Ahmed; Flechner, Stuart M; Chiesa-Vottero, Andres; Srinivas, Titte R; Mossad, Sherif B

    2014-11-01

    Viral infections continue to cause significant morbidity in immunosuppressed kidney transplant patients. Although cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus and polyoma "BK" virus are more frequently encountered, the Adenovirus can cause multi-organ system infections, and may be difficult to diagnose because it is not often considered in the initial work up in kidney transplant recipients. We present an unusual case of a kidney recipient 1 year post-transplant with disseminated adenoviral infection, who had an initial presentation of lower urinary tract voiding dysfunction with hematuria and sterile pyuria. This progressed to a severe tubulointerstitial nephritis and acute kidney injury that improved with reduction of immunosuppression. Serial blood viral loads are useful for monitoring the course of infection. Urinary adenoviral infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis whenever a kidney transplant recipient presents with unexplained lower tract voiding dysfunction, hematuria, and sterile pyuria. The allograft kidney and bladder can be targets of viral proliferation. Early diagnosis with reduction of immunosuppressive therapy is essential to clear the virus and maintain allograft function.

  11. Penile metastasis from primary transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder sparing the urethra

    PubMed Central

    Oake, Justin D.; Drover, Douglas N.

    2016-01-01

    Metastatic involvement of the penis is relatively infrequent. Metastasis of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is extremely rare. We report a case of bladder TCC with metastases to the penis that spares the urethra — a finding that, to the best of our knowledge, has not been previously reported. Of the documented mechanisms of metastatic transmission to the penis, we suspect the cause was retrograde lymphatic spread. In our case, a 59-year-old male presented to our clinic initially with phimosis and later developed gross hematuria. Subsequent cystoscopy noted the appearance of tumour extending into the prostate, as well as the appearance of extensive TCC throughout the bladder. Following transurethral resection of prostate and bladder tissue, which demonstrated high-grade urothelial carcinoma, the patient underwent a radical cystoprostatectomy. A year later, he developed worsening gross hematuria and we noted the appearance of primary penile squamous cell malignancy. He then underwent a partial penectomy. The histopathology evaluation result from the partial penectomy revealed infiltration of TCC in the glans penis, as well as invasion into the corpus spongiosum, with sparing of the urethra. PMID:28096925

  12. Giant Intradiverticular Bladder Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Noh, Mohamad Syafeeq Faeez Md; Aziz, Ahmad Fuad Abdul; Ghani, Khairul Asri Mohd; Siang, Christopher Lee Kheng; Yunus, Rosna; Yusof, Mubarak Mohd

    2017-01-01

    Patient: Male, 74 Final Diagnosis: Giant intradiverticular bladder tumor with metastasis Symptoms: Hematuria Medication:— Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Urology Objective: Rare disease Background: Intradiverticular bladder tumors are rare. This renders diagnosis of an intradiverticular bladder tumor difficult. Imaging plays a vital role in achieving the diagnosis, and subsequently staging of the disease. Case Report: A 74-year-old male presented to our center with a few months history of constitutional symptoms. Upon further history, he reported hematuria two months prior to presentation, which stopped temporarily, only to recur a few days prior to coming to the hospital. The patient admitted to having lower urinary tract symptoms. However, there was no dysuria, no sandy urine, and no fever. Palpation of his abdomen revealed a vague mass at the suprapubic region, which was non tender. In view of his history and the clinical examination findings, an ultrasound of the abdomen and computed tomography (CT) was arranged. These investigations revealed a giant tumor that seemed to be arising from a bladder diverticulum, with a mass effect and hydronephrosis. He later underwent operative intervention. Conclusions: Intradiverticular bladder tumors may present a challenge to the treating physician in an atypical presentation; thus requiring a high index of suspicion and knowledge of tumor pathophysiology. As illustrated in our case, CT with its wide availability and multiplanar imaging capabilities offers a useful means for diagnosis, disease staging, operative planning, and follow-up. PMID:28246375

  13. Sonography in acute ureteric colic: an experience in Dhulikhel Hospital.

    PubMed

    Joshi, K S; Karki, S; Regmi, S; Joshi, H N; Adhikari, S P

    2014-01-01

    Computed tomography is considered as an imaging modality of choice in acute ureteric colic. However due to concerns regarding radiation exposure, sonograms are re-emerging as imaging methods in such situations. To evaluate the role of sonography in detection of calculus in acute ureteric colic. Total 384 patients were enrolled. Hydronephrosis was graded as mild, moderate or severe. Calculus was detected as an intraluminal echogenic focus with distal shadowing with twinkling artifact. Number, size and position of the calculi were assessed. Patients were categorized into four groups:I. ureteric colic only II. ureteric colic with hematuria III. ureteric colic with hydronephrosis and IV. ureteric colic with hematuria and hydronephrosis and then the possibility of detection of calculi has been compared among these groups. Out of 384 patients, 254 were found to have calculi ranging between 2.7-27 mm. Nineteen had in the pelvis/ pelviureteric junction, 64 in proximal ureter, 125 in distal ureter, 6 at iliac crossing and 40 at vesicoureteric junction. Two hundred forty one had single and 14 had multiple calculi. Calculus detection is easier in category III and IV patients. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography were 87.98% and 93.07%. Degree of hydronephrosis is strongly correlated with the number of calculi but weakly correlated with the size of the calculus. Sonogram can be used in all cases of acute ureteric colic. Hydronephrosis is the most important finding because it paves the way out for the detection of calculus.

  14. Photoselective vaporization of the prostate: outcomes and adverse events of 220 consecutive patients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robson, C.; Mueller, E. J.

    2010-02-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the short term outcomes of 220 consecutive patients who underwent the 532 nm KTP photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) procedure and to evaluate and categorize the complications of the procedure. Materials and Methods: A total of 220 patients with symptomatic benign prostatic obstruction were treated with KTP photoselective vaporization of the prostate. Evaluation measures included the AUA Symptom Score (AUASS)/Quality of Life Score (QOL), peak urinary flow rate (Qmax), post void residual urine (PVR) and adverse events. Results: Symptoms were evaluated at 3 months and adverse events at 1 and 3 months. 181 patients returned for their 1 month visit and 152 returned for their 3 month visit. The American Urological Association Symptom Score (AUASS) decreased from 21.8 to 6.7. The Quality of Life Score (QOL) decreased from 3.8 to 0.7. The peak urinary flow rate (Qmax) increased from 10.7 cc/sec to 22.7 cc/sec. And the post void residual urine (PVR) decreased from 262 cc to 105 cc. Most common adverse events lasting more than 10 days were mild hematuria in 45%, dysuria in 32%, and urgency/frequency in31%. Conclusion: These results confirm that photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) is a safe and effective therapy for benign prostatic obstruction. However, there is frequent, but mild, hematuria and irritative voiding symptoms during the early postoperative period.

  15. Dioctophyma renale (Goeze, 1782) Infection in a Domestic Dog from Hamedan, Western Iran

    PubMed Central

    ZOLHAVARIEH, Seyed Masoud; NORIAN, Alireza; YAVARI, Morteza

    2016-01-01

    Dioctophyma renale infection is found in a wide range of mammalian species, typically in temperate areas of the world. Here, we report for the first time, the parasitism of a domestic dog by D. renale in Hamedan, Iran, a mountainous cold region, lacking significant amounts of rainfall, high humidity and temperature. A 2.5 yr old male mixed breed dog was presented with a two months history of progressive hematuria and muscle weakness. Complete blood count and serum biochemistry were performed with results indicating impaired renal function. Urinalysis, showed hematuria as well as parasitic eggs, suggestive of D. renale infection. Urinary system ultrasonography revealed a hypoecogenic tubular structure in the right kidney. The animal was treated with fenbendazole (45 mg/kg, PO, QD - five days) and ivermectin (0.02 mg/kg, SC, single dose). One week later, repeated laboratory examination confirmed presence of at least one alive worm in the affected kidney. A unilateral nephrectomy was performed; one female (60 × 5 cm) and one male (30 × 3.8 cm) live worm were taken out of the extremely thin walled right kidney. One month later, due to failure of the remained kidney and poor condition, the patient deceased. We conclude that dioctophymosis can be found in cold and or relatively dry area. Moreover, the results showed that the worm was not affected with common anthelmintic drugs. PMID:27095981

  16. Outpatient renal needle biopsy of the transplanted kidney: safety profile.

    PubMed

    Petrone, H; Frapiccini, M G; Skare, R; Baran, M

    2011-11-01

    Since May 2005, we began performing renal graft biopsies as outpatient procedures when the patient's condition did not require hospitalization. To evaluate the safety profile of the 137 procedures performed in 111 patients, we performed a retrospective analysis of complications after all biopsies between 4 May 2005 and 6 January 6, 2011. The analysis focused on types of complications as well as needs for hospitalization with length of stay, for blood transfusion or for a further intervention. There were complications in 10.9% of procedures (n = 15) with 8% requiring hospitalization (n = 11). The complications were: gross hematuria (n = 10) including blockage of urinary flow (n = 2) with one subject requiring urologic intervention, and one patient experienced severe pain at the puncture site. Neither renal graft nor patient survival was threatened; there was no hemodynamic decompensation needing blood transfusions. The average hospital stay was 2.27 days (range = 1-8). Outpatient renal biopsies in 111 patients (137 procedures) had an 8% incidence of complications requiring admission and an average length of hospitalization of 2.27 days. Gross hematuria the most frequent problem, in no way compromised patient or graft survival showing it to be a safe outpatient procedure.

  17. Renal vein thrombosis mimicking urinary calculus: a dilemma of diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yimin; Chen, Shanwen; Wang, Wei; Liu, Jianyong; Jin, Baiye

    2015-07-02

    Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) with flank pain, and hematuria, is often mistaken with renal colic originating from ureteric or renal calculus. Especially in young and otherwise healthy patients, clinicians are easily misled by clinical presentation and calcified RVT. A 38-year-old woman presented with flank pain and hematuria suggestive of renal calculus on ultrasound. She underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy that failed, leading to the recommendation that percutaneous lithotomy was necessary to remove the renal calculus. In preoperative view of the unusual shape of the calculus without hydronephrosis, noncontrast computed tomography was taken and demonstrated left ureteric calculus. However computed tomography angiography revealed, to our surprise, a calcified RVT that was initially thought to be a urinary calculus. This case shows that a calcified RVT might mimic a urinary calculus on conventional ultrasonography and ureteric calculus on noncontrast computed tomography. Subsequent computed tomography angiography disclosed that a calcified RVT caused the imaging findings, thus creating a potentially dangerous clinical pitfall. Hence, it is suggested that the possibility of a RVT needs to be considered in the differential diagnosis whenever one detects an uncommon shape for a urinary calculus.

  18. Processing of IgA aggregates in a rat model of chronic liver disease.

    PubMed

    Amore, A; Roccatello, D; Picciotto, G; Emancipator, S N; Ropolo, R; Cacace, G; Suriani, A; Gianoglio, B; Sena, L M; Cirina, P; Mazzucco, G; Alfieri, V; Piccoli, G; Coppo, R; De Filippi, P G

    1997-08-01

    Heavy alcohol intake and/or lipotrope-deficient diet induced hepatocellular injury and mesangial deposition of IgA and often IgG in Lewis rats. The experimental animals showing more severe urinary abnormalities and histologic damage in the glomeruli had increased levels of IgA antibodies to dietary antigens and altered intestinal permeability. Based on human studies, the prolonged circulation of IgA-containing complexes associated with the liver disease could be envisaged as important for the development of mesangial IgA deposits. In order to verify this hypothesis, four groups (G) of Lewis rats were studied: G1 received thrice a weak an intragastric infusion of 1.5 ml/100 g body wt of whiskey; G2 rats were nourished with lipotrope-deficient diet; G3 rats were given both whiskey and LD diet; G4 rats were nourished with regular chow. After 12 weeks, heat-aggregated rat monomeric IgA was labeled with 133I and intravenously injected. Three control subgroups of rats, one given whiskey, one nourished with LD diet, and one with regular chow, were injected with radiolabeled heat-aggregated rat IgG. A large field-of-view digital gamma camera, equipped with an ultra-high-resolution collimator and interfaced to a dedicated computer, was used to analyze tracer kinetics and fate. The liver was the main organ involved in clearance of both test probes. The hepatic mean transit (MTT) was 11.4 +/- 11 min in G1 (proteinuria of 6.9 +/- 1.41 mg/day and hematuria +/+2), 221 +/- 19 min in G2 (proteinuria 9.1 +/- 0.64 mg/day and hematuria +2/+3), and 230 +/- 15 min in G3 (proteinuria 9.5 +/- 0.58 mg/day and hematuria +2/+3). In each case MTT value was found to be significantly prolonged compared to G4 (85 +/- 4 min). The multiple regression analysis showed that MTT values, proteinuria, and hematuria were significantly correlated (P < 0.01). Controls had trace amount proteinuria (0.82 +/- 0.17 mg/day, significantly lower than for each study group, P < 0.08) and undetectable hematuria

  19. [Not Available].

    PubMed

    San Mauro Martin, Ismael; Mendive Dubourdieu, Paula; Paredes Barato, Víctor; Garicano Vilar, Elena

    2016-07-19

    Introducción: la tradición de la comida picante desempeña un papel muy importante en el gusto por este tipo de comida y su tolerancia. Las preferencias alimentarias muestran influencia genética y ambiental.Objetivos: estudiar la tolerancia y el gusto por el picante de tres poblaciones, y la influencia hereditaria y del ambiente.Métodos:se realizó una encuesta a 522 sujetos, de tres continentes (Asia, Europa y Latinoamérica) en tres idiomas (español, inglés y chino) a través de Internet. Se realizaron preguntas acerca de la tolerancia al picante, el gusto por los alimentos picantes, su uso, la edad de comienzo de consumo, el gusto del padre y de la madre y si ella lo consumía durante el embarazo y/o lactancia.Resultados: existe diferencia entre el gusto por el picante del hijo y el sexo (p < 0,001), la tolerancia (p < 0,001) y, solo en el sexo femenino, el gusto de la madre por el picante (p < 0,001), su consumo durante el embarazo (p < 0,001) y la lactancia (p = 0,005) y el gusto del padre por el picante (p = 0,003). Existe correlación entre el continente de residencia (p = 0,007) y de nacimiento (p = 0,012) y la tolerancia a los alimentos picantes.Conclusión: la influencia de los progenitores, el género y la composición corporal se relacionaron con gustos y tolerancias diferentes.

  20. [Cognitive and emotional alterations in chronic insomnia].

    PubMed

    Medrano-Martínez, Pablo; Ramos-Platón, María J

    2016-02-16

    Introduccion. Las alteraciones cognitivas y emocionales asociadas al insomnio cronico son poco conocidas. Desarrollo. Tras revisar la etiologia y fisiopatologia del insomnio cronico, considerando la vulnerabilidad a este y su heredabilidad, se describe el estado actual de conocimientos acerca de los deficits cognitivos y las alteraciones emocionales observados en el insomnio cronico. Conclusiones. La mayoria de los modelos etiologicos incluye factores que predisponen al insomnio, que lo precipitan y que lo mantienen. Los factores predisponentes pueden ser de tipo biologico o psicosocial. Un factor predisponente que desempeña un importante papel es la vulnerabilidad al insomnio, que se relaciona con un modo no adaptativo de afrontar el estres (centrado en la emocion en vez de en el problema) y la internalizacion de las emociones negativas, lo cual favorece un estado de hiperactivacion fisiologica, cognitiva y emocional que altera el sueño y puede desembocar en insomnio. Esta vulnerabilidad es en gran parte hereditaria. Se han descrito dos fenotipos, basados en la duracion objetiva del sueño, que difieren en la gravedad del trastorno. Los insomnes con duracion objetiva del sueño menor de seis horas presentan deficits cognitivos significativos. Estos se manifiestan en tareas que requieren gran cantidad de recursos cognitivos, tareas de atencion complejas, cambio de foco de atencion, proceso de consolidacion de la memoria durante el sueño y memoria operativa. Estos datos sugieren la existencia de una disfuncion prefrontal. Se da una alta comorbilidad entre insomnio y ansiedad-depresion. La ansiedad-depresion provocada por la internalizacion de las emociones predispone al insomnio, y este, a su vez, intensifica la depresion.

  1. Hemorrhagic cystitis following radiotherapy for stage Ib cancer of the cervix.

    PubMed

    Levenback, C; Eifel, P J; Burke, T W; Morris, M; Gershenson, D M

    1994-11-01

    Our purpose was to study the incidence, severity, timing, clinical management, and outcome for patients who developed hemorrhagic cystitis following pelvic radiotherapy for stage Ib cancer of the cervix. A total of 1784 patients with stage Ib cancer of the cervix were treated with pelvic radiotherapy at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center between 1960 and 1989. The majority received a combination of external-beam and intracavitary treatments. Patients with hemorrhagic cystitis were identified through retrospective review of their medical records, and a grade was assigned to each occurrence. A total of 116 (6.5%) patients with hemorrhagic cystitis were identified. The initial occurrence was grade 1 (minor occurrence) in 59%, grade 2 (repeated minor bleeding) in 23%, and grade 3 (hospitalization for medical management) in 18%. The median interval from the beginning of radiotherapy to the onset of hematuria was 35.5 months (mean 58 months). The median time to initial grade 3 occurrences was 37.5 months (mean 84 months). Actuarial life table analysis revealed that the risk of hematuria is 5.8% at 5 years, 7.4% at 10 years, and 9.6% at 20 years. The risk for a grade 3, 4 (requiring surgical intervention), or 5 (death) complication is 1.0, 1.4 and 2.3% at 5, 10, and 20 years, respectively. Approximately one-third of the patients with a grade 3 occurrence were rehospitalized for management of bladder complications a median of 3.5 months following the first grade 3 occurrence, although some of these readmissions occurred many years later. Associated urinary-tract infection was common. In no case did a cystoscopic bladder biopsy reveal recurrent tumor or a second primary tumor when visual inspection revealed typical radiation changes. The incidence of severe hemorrhagic cystitis following radiation for stage Ib cancer of the cervix is low and can occur many years following treatment. Minor episodes of hematuria are managed by empiric antibiotic therapy

  2. Hepatitis C virus-related kidney disease: various histological patterns.

    PubMed

    Sumida, K; Ubara, Y; Hoshino, J; Suwabe, T; Nakanishi, S; Hiramatsu, R; Hasegawa, E; Hayami, N; Yamanouchi, M; Sawa, N; Takemoto, F; Takaichi, K; Oohashi, K

    2010-12-01

    Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is known to be associated with Type 2 cryoglobulinemic glomerulopathy (CG), only a few reports about other types of nephropathy have been published. 68 HCV antibody positive patients in whom renal biopsy had been performed for persistent proteinuria, hematuria, and/or renal dysfunction between 1992 and 2008 at our institute were included. The histological, clinical and laboratory characteristics including the age, gender, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, liver histology (chronic hepatitis or liver cirrhosis), HCV-RNA, HCV genotype, splenomegaly, gastroesophageal varices, serum creatinine, hemoglobin, platelet count, rheumatoid factor, cryoglobulin, IgG, IgA, IgM, CH50, C3, C4, creatinine clearance, 24-h protein excretion, and hematuria, between their nephropathy with and without immune deposition were compared. Nephropathy was classified into two groups based on the detection of immune deposits by immunofluorescence microscopy: i.e., a positive group (n = 39) and a negative group (n = 29). The former group was further classified into three types of nephropathy: IgG dominant group (n = 10) (including membranous nephropathy (MN)), IgA dominant group (n = 20) (including IgA nephropathy (IgAN)), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) (IgA type)), and IgM dominant group (n = 9) (MPGN apart from the IgA type). The latter group included diabetic nephropathy (n = 13), focal glomerular sclerosis (n = 4), and benign nephrosclerosis (n = 3), malignant nephrosclerosis (n = 1), tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) (n = 2), minimal change nephrotic syndrome (n = 1), cast nephropathy (n = 1), granulomatous TIN (n = 1), and others (n = 3). An increased serum IgM level, hypocomplementemia, splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia, liver cirrhosis, hematuria, and a high HCV RNA level were features of patients with MPGN of IgM dominant group (consistent with "CG"). Our results showed various histological patterns of HCV-related kidney disease

  3. Outcomes of angioembolization and nephrectomy for renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex: a real-world US national study.

    PubMed

    Sun, Peter; Liu, Jamae; Charles, Hearns; Hulbert, John; Bissler, John

    2017-05-01

    To examine outcomes of clinical procedures for renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) based on US national health claims databases. This retrospective cohort study selected two cohorts of TSC patients, who underwent either embolization or nephrectomy (either partial or complete) for renal angiomyolipoma in the years from 2000 through 2011. Based on claims diagnosis codes, we estimated the prevalence rates of 10 angiomyolipoma-related conditions and 50 embolization- or nephrectomy-related conditions in the pre- and post-baseline periods respectively, and made cross-year and cross-period comparison of these rates with repeated measures analysis methods. The embolization cohort (N = 4280) and the nephrectomy cohort (N = 3842) had mean baseline ages of 50.7 and 51.7 years with 52.5% and 51.3% males, respectively. After the intervention, the embolization cohort had statistically significant reductions (all p < .05) in gross hematuria (-27.7%), retroperitoneal hemorrhage (-8.4%), and abdominal mass (-6.9%), and increases in hypertension (15.5%), renal mass or unspecified disorder of kidney and ureter (13.8%), anemia (5.1%), and renal insufficiency (3.3%). Similarly, the nephrectomy cohort saw statistically significant reductions (all p < .05) in gross hematuria (-30.6%), flank pain (-7.5%), and abdominal mass (-6.4%), but increases in hypertension (11.9%), renal insufficiency (10.4%), and anemia (7.6%). Embolization was associated with post-procedure increases in renal mass or unspecified kidney/ureter disorder (13.9%), other disorders of kidney and ureter (3.4%), non-acute renal insufficiency (3.1%), flank pain (3.7%), renal insufficiency (3.2%), etc. (all p < .05). Nephrectomy was associated with post-procedure increases in postoperative ileus (5.3%), pain and headache (4.8%), paralytic ileus (3.6%), etc. (all p < .05). Both embolization and nephrectomy were effective, but associated with increases in certain

  4. Evolution from open surgical to endovascular treatment of ureteral-iliac artery fistula

    PubMed Central

    Malgor, Rafael D.; Oderich, Gustavo S.; Andrews, James C.; McKusick, Michael; Kalra, Manju; Misra, Sanjay; Gloviczki, Peter; Bower, Thomas C.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To review the indications and results of open surgical and endovascular treatment for ureteral-iliac artery fistula (UIAF). Methods We reviewed the clinical data of 20 consecutive patients treated for 21 UIAFs between 1996 and 2010. Since 2004, iliac artery stent grafts were the primary treatment except for complex fistulas with enteric contamination or abscess. Endpoints were early morbidity and mortality, patient survival, vessel or graft patency, freedom from vascular or stent graft/graft infection, and freedom from recurrent bleeding. Results There were 20 patients, 15 females, and five males, with mean age of 63 ± 13 years. Predisposing factors for UIAF were prior tumor resection in 18 patients, radiation in 15, ureteral stents in 15, ileal conduits in four, and ileofemoral grafts in three. All patients presented with hematuria, which was massive in 10. Treatment included iliac stent grafts in 11 patients/12 fistulas (55%), with internal iliac artery (IAA) exclusion in nine, femoral crossover graft with IAA exclusion in five, direct arterial repair in three, and ureteral exclusion with percutaneous nephrostomy and no arterial repair in one. There were no early deaths. Five of eight patients treated by open surgical repair developed complications, which included enterocutaneous fistula in three and superficial wound infection in two. Four patients (36%) treated by iliac stent grafts had complications, including pneumonia, non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, buttock claudication, and early stent occlusion in one each. After a median follow-up of 26 months, no one had recurrent massive hematuria, but minor bleeding was reported in three. Patient survival at 5 years was 42% compared with 93% for the general population (P < .001). Freedom from any recurrent bleeding at 3 years was 76%. In the stent graft group, primary and secondary patency rates and freedom from stent graft infection at 3 years were 81%, 92%, and 100%. Conclusions UIAF is a

  5. Secondary bladder amyloidosis with familial Mediterranean fever in a living donor kidney transplant recipient: a case report.

    PubMed

    Imamura, Sentaro; Narita, Shintaro; Nishikomori, Ryuta; Tsuruta, Hiroshi; Numakura, Kazuyuki; Maeno, Atsushi; Saito, Mitsuru; Inoue, Takamitsu; Tsuchiya, Norihiko; Nanjo, Hiroshi; Heike, Toshio; Satoh, Shigeru; Habuchi, Tomonori

    2016-10-19

    Secondary bladder amyloidosis is an extremely rare disease, resulting from a chronic systematic inflammatory disorder associated with amyloid deposits. Although uncommon in Japan, familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of fever of short duration and serositis and is frequently associated with systemic amyloidosis. Here, we present a case of a Japanese patient complaining of fever and macroscopic hematuria after a living donor renal transplantation. Consequently, he was diagnosed with secondary bladder amyloidosis with FMF. A 64-year-old Japanese male received a living ABO-incompatible kidney transplant from his wife. The postoperative clinical course was normal, and the patient was discharged 21 days after the transplantation with a serum creatinine level of 0.78 mg/dl. The patient frequently complained of general fatigue and fever of unknown origin. Six months later, the patient presented with continuous general fatigue, macroscopic hematuria, and fever. Cystoscopic examination of the bladder showed an edematous region with bleeding, and a transurethral biopsy revealed amyloid deposits. His wife stated that the patient had a recurrent high fever since the age of 40 years and that his younger brother was suspected to have a familial autoinflammatory syndrome; thus, the patient was also suspected to have a familial autoinflammatory syndrome. Based on his brother's medical history and the genetic tests, which showed a homozygous mutation (M694V/M694V) for the Mediterranean fever protein, he was diagnosed with FMF. Although colchicine treatment for FMF was planned, the patient had an untimely death due to heart failure. We re-evaluated the pathological findings of the various tissue biopsies obtained during the treatment after the renal transplantation. Immunohistochemistry revealed amyloid deposits in the bladder region, renal allograft, and myocardium and the condition was diagnosed as AA

  6. [Benign myoclonic epilepsy in infancy: natural history and behavioral and cognitive outcome].

    PubMed

    Domínguez-Carral, Jana; García-Peñas, Juan José; Pérez-Jiménez, M Ángeles; Fournier-Del Castillo, M Concepción; Carreras-Sáez, Inmaculada; Jiménez-Echevarría, Saioa

    2014-02-01

    Introduccion. La epilepsia mioclonica benigna del lactante (EMBL) es un sindrome electroclinico de caracteristicas homogeneas y bien definidas, considerado clasicamente de buen pronostico. Sin embargo, en los ultimos años se han publicado estudios con resultados variables en cuanto a evolucion neuropsicologica. Objetivo. Analizar la evolucion natural y el pronostico neurocognitivo y conductual de los pacientes con EMBL. Pacientes y metodos. Estudio retrospectivo de 10 pacientes con EMBL, con un periodo de seguimiento de mas de cinco años, durante los cuales se realizo una evaluacion neurocognitiva y conductual. Resultados. En el 60% de los pacientes las crisis se controlaron con acido valproico en monoterapia, y el 80% no presento nuevas crisis durante su seguimiento. El cociente intelectual de la cohorte se situo entre 74 y 93; tres pacientes tuvieron un cociente intelectual en rango de inteligencia limite, y seis, en rango de inteligencia media-baja. Nueve pacientes cumplieron criterios de trastorno por deficit de atencion/hiperactividad y dos asociaban otro trastorno del aprendizaje, uno de ellos trastorno de aprendizaje no verbal, y el otro, trastorno especifico de la lectoescritura. Todos los pacientes presentaron datos de pobre coordinacion motriz y visuoespacial, y tres fueron diagnosticados de trastorno de conducta. Conclusiones. El termino 'benigno' en la EMBL debe utilizarse con precaucion en cuanto a su pronostico neurocognitivo y conductual. El inicio precoz y un peor control de las crisis podrian suponer factores de riesgo de evolucion neuropsicologica desfavorable.

  7. Diseases of the male nipple and areola.

    PubMed

    Krause, Walter

    2011-12-01

    The male nipple-areola-complex (NAC) is a residual organ without physiologic functions in the male. It possesses similar hormone sensitivity and sexual sensitivity as the female organ. The location of the NAC on the chest wall with respect to other surface features is relevant for the male appearance. All known disseminated skin diseases may involve the nipple and areola. A number of specific localized diseases have been described in the literature, such as mammillary eczema, demodicidosis, lymphadenosis cutis benigna, nevoid hyperkeratosis, and thelalgia. Special attention is required if nipple discharge is observed. Areolar sebaceous hyperplasia and nearly all kinds of benign cutaneous tumors occur on the nipple and areola. Malignant tumors such as basal cell carcinoma, melanoma, Paget disease and other forms of breast cancer may also be found. In addition, aberrant mammary tissue may occur with a broad clinical spectrum, while absence of the nipple is an unusual observation and occurs in rare syndromes. The association of aberrant mammary tissue with urinary tract malformations has not been confirmed.

  8. Charting unknown waters—On the role of surprise in flood risk assessment and management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merz, B.; Vorogushyn, S.; Lall, U.; Viglione, A.; Blöschl, G.

    2015-08-01

    Unexpected incidents, failures, and disasters are abundant in the history of flooding events. In this paper, we introduce the metaphors of terra incognita and terra maligna to illustrate unknown and wicked flood situations, respectively. We argue that surprise is a neglected element in flood risk assessment and management. Two sources of surprise are identified: (1) the complexity of flood risk systems, represented by nonlinearities, interdependencies, and nonstationarities and (2) cognitive biases in human perception and decision making. Flood risk assessment and management are particularly prone to cognitive biases due to the rarity and uniqueness of extremes, and the nature of human risk perception. We reflect on possible approaches to better understanding and reducing the potential for surprise and its adverse consequences which may be supported by conceptually charting maps that separate terra incognita from terra cognita, and terra maligna from terra benigna. We conclude that flood risk assessment and management should account for the potential for surprise and devastating consequences which will require a shift in thinking.

  9. [Apocrine hidrocystoma associated with gouty tophi of the pinna].

    PubMed

    Gracia-Cazaña, Tamara; Pastushenko, Ievgenia; Lorda, Marta; Padgett, Esteban; Morales-Moya, Ana Luisa

    2016-01-01

    Introducción: los hidrocistomas apocrinos, también conocidos como cistoadenomas apocrinos, son lesiones quísticas benignas derivadas de la porción secretora de las glándulas apocrinas. Caso clínico: remiten al servicio de Dermatología a una mujer de 78 años para valorar una lesión asintomática translúcida, bien definida, localizada en la porción superior del hélix. Los hallazgos histológicos fueron compatibles con un hidrocistoma apocrino asociado a tofo gotoso. Conclusiones: reportamos el segundo caso de hidrocistoma apocrino localizado en el pabellón auricular externo y el primer caso asociado a tofo gotoso. Es difícil de conocer qué lesión se estableció primero, y si el tofo gotoso pudo provocar una obstrucción ductal con la subsiguiente retención quística.

  10. Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica.

    PubMed

    Silveira, Mara Graziele Maciel; Castellano, Maria Vera Cruz de Oliveira; Fuzi, Clarice Emiko; Coletta, Ester Nei Aparecida Martins; Spinosa, Guilherme Nogueira

    2017-01-01

    Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica is a rare benign disease, of unknown cause, characterized by numerous sessile, cartilaginous, or bony submucosal nodules distributed throughout the anterolateral walls, projecting into the laryngotracheobronchial lumen. In general, tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica is diagnosed incidentally during bronchoscopy or autopsy and is not associated with a specific disease. We report the case of a male patient who was diagnosed with tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica via bronchoscopy and biopsy. RESUMO A traqueobroncopatia osteocondroplástica é uma doença benigna rara, de causa desconhecida, caracterizada por numerosos nódulos submucosos sésseis, cartilaginosos e/ou ósseos, distribuídos pelas paredes anterolaterais da traqueia, projetando-se no lúmen laringotraqueobrônquico. Em geral, a traqueobroncopatia osteocondroplástica é descoberta acidentalmente durante broncoscopias ou em necropsias e não é associada a uma doença específica. Relatamos o caso de um paciente que foi diagnosticado com traqueobroncopatia osteocondroplástica por broncoscopia e biópsia.

  11. Rare case of isolated osteochondroma of the zygomatic bone: an endoscopic-assisted approach.

    PubMed

    Romano, Antonio; Dell'Aversana, Giovanni; Corvino, Raffaele; Abbate, Vincenzo; Iaconetta, Giorgio; Califano, Luigi

    2015-11-03

    L’osteocondroma è una neoplasia benigna che nel distretto cranio-facciale colpisce spesso il corpo ed il ramo mandibolare e soltanto di rado può interessare il processo coronoide e l’arco zygomatico. In questo articolo descriviamo un raro caso di osteocondroma isolato dell’osso zygomatico trattato mediante approccio chirurgico intraorale endoscopicamente assistito ed in letteratura non sono riportati altri casi di questa patologia trattati con procedure endoscopicamente assistite. Una donna caucasica di cinquantadue anni, è stata osservata nel nostro reparto nel mese di marzo del 2012, la paziente lamentava dolore in regione zygomatica destra. La tomografia computerizzata (TC) del distretto osseo interessato mostrava una lesione sessile non definita. Il sospetto diagnostico è stato di osteocondroma. L’intervento è stato realizzato in anestesia generale mediante approccio intraorale endoscopicamente assistito. All’esame istologico del campione operatorio è stata confermata la diagnosi di osteocondroma. Nell’immediato post operatorio la paziente non ha presentato edema, dolore o febbre. L’uso dell’endoscopia nel trattamento chirurgico di questa patologia quindi ha consentito di ottenere una maggiore precisione e una maggiore rispetto delle strutture anatomiche. L’approccio intraorale ci garantisce l’assenza di cicatrici visibili e l’ausilio dell’endoscopia ci consente di avere una migliore visione di tutte le strutture anatomiche, una buona gestione della patologia riducendo quindi il rischio di complicanze intraoperatorie quali: fratture patologiche e lesioni del VII nervo cranico.

  12. [The essence of essential tremor: neurochemical bases].

    PubMed

    Gironell, A; Marin-Lahoz, J

    2016-06-01

    Introduccion. El temblor esencial es el trastorno del movimiento mas frecuente en el adulto. Se ha considerado una enfermedad benigna, pero puede ocasionar una importante discapacidad fisica y psicosocial. El tratamiento farmacologico sigue siendo poco satisfactorio. Su etiologia, fisiopatologia y anatomia siguen sin conocerse del todo. Objetivo. El conocimiento de las bases neuroquimicas es fundamental para el desarrollo de terapias mas eficaces. Se revisan los conocimientos actuales en este campo a fin de incentivar nuevas investigaciones e ideas que permitan mejorar la comprension de la enfermedad y que fomenten el desarrollo de nuevas terapias farmacologicas. Desarrollo. Se revisan los trabajos realizados hasta la fecha en humanos y en modelos animales de neurotransmisores (acido gamma-aminobutirico, glutamato, noradrenalina, serotonina, adenosina), proteinas y otros fenomenos neuroquimicos, como los canales de calcio de tipo T en el temblor esencial. Conclusiones. Se han descrito cuatro disfunciones neuroquimicas que acontecerian basicamente en el cerebelo y el nucleo olivar inferior: alteracion del sistema gabergico, aumento del rebote postinhibitorio mediante corrientes de calcio de tipo T, disminucion de los mecanismos de inhibicion neuronal y aumento de la actividad de los neurotransmisores excitatorios. Estas disfunciones neuroquimicas comportarian un aumento de la actividad de las neuronas profundas cerebelosas con actividad oscilatoria, que se trasladaria al nucleo del talamo y a la corteza motora, y comportarian la aparicion del temblor. Son necesarios nuevos estudios para poder confirmar estas hipotesis y seguir avanzando para conseguir tratamientos farmacologicos mas eficaces para los pacientes con temblor esencial.

  13. [Myelopathy secondary to an aneurysmal bone cyst of thoracic spine].

    PubMed

    Navas-García, Marta; Penanes, Juan Ramón; Fraga, Javier; Sola, Rafael G

    2016-02-01

    Introduccion. Los quistes oseos aneurismaticos espinales son lesiones osteoliticas benignas muy infrecuentes constituidas por cavidades hematicas limitadas por septos osteoconectivos y celulas gigantes tipo osteoclastos. Clinicamente se manifiestan con dolor local, sintomas neurologicos secundarios a compresion medular, asi como fracturas, deformidades e inestabilidad vertebral. Presentamos un caso de quiste oseo aneurismatico espinal dorsal con sintomatologia neurologica, tratado mediante una reseccion microquirurgica completa, sin secuelas neurologicas asociadas. Caso clinico. Mujer de 47 años, sin antecedentes traumaticos previos, valorada por presentar un cuadro de parestesias de los miembros inferiores de semanas de evolucion. El estudio radiologico de resonancia magnetica dorsal demostro la existencia de una lesion litica de bordes bien delimitados y esclerosis marginal en D4, con afectacion de los elementos posteriores vertebrales y compresion del cordon medular subyacente. La lesion fue extirpada en su totalidad, con desaparicion de la clinica sensitiva tras la intervencion. El diagnostico anatomopatologico definitivo fue quiste oseo aneurismatico espinal. Conclusion. A pesar de su baja incidencia, los quistes oseos aneurismaticos espinales deben considerarse, en el diagnostico diferencial de los tumores oseos espinales, como una posible causa de mielopatia compresiva subaguda o cronica. La reseccion tumoral completa se considera el tratamiento de eleccion, el cual con frecuencia es curativo y asocia un buen pronostico del paciente a largo plazo.

  14. [Surgical adrenal approaches: learned experiences].

    PubMed

    Bravo-Lázaro, Santos; Hernandis-Villalba, Juan; Meroño-Carbajosa, Emilio; Navío-Perales, Juan; Marzal-Felici, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes: la cirugía laparoscópica se ha implantado como técnica quirúrgica de elección en la patología quirúrgica suprarrenal. No obstante, el resto de los abordajes quirúrgicos sigue teniendo su indicación. Objetivos: exponer nuestra experiencia en los diferentes abordajes quirúrgicos y las lecciones aprendidas. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo de 40 pacientes, análisis de datos demográficos y resultados de los diferentes accesos. Resultados: se intervinieron 32 pacientes por padecer enfermedades benignas, y 8 por afecciones malignas. La vía de laparotomía se utilizó de entrada en 7 casos de malignidad, y en 4 pacientes con tumores benignos de gran tamaño. La vía de Young se utilizó en 4. La vía laparoscópica se indicó de entrada en 25 pacientes, y 7 requirieron la conversión a laparotomía. La tasa de conversión fue de 28%. Conclusiones: la técnica laparoscópica es la de elección en la mayoría de los pacientes. Es preciso establecer indicaciones adecuadas, sin olvidar los abordajes abiertos.

  15. Congenital urethrovaginal fistula with imperforate hymen: a first case report.

    PubMed

    Dhabalia, Jayesh V; Nelivigi, Girish G; Satia, Meena N; Kakkattil, Shal; Kumar, Vikash

    2009-07-01

    Congenital urethrovaginal fistulas are rare, and all five reported cases have been associated with urogenital abnormalities. We describe a case of congenital urethrovaginal fistula with an imperforate hymen and no other urogenital abnormalities. A 25-year-old female sought medical advice regarding cyclical hematuria, dyspareunia, and infertility of four years' duration. Investigations disclosed a urethrovaginal fistula with an imperforate hymen. The patient was successfully treated with excision of the hymen and closure of the urethrovaginal fistula. In this instance, the diagnosis of congenital urethrovaginal fistula was delayed until adulthood because the presence of urinary incontinence, the usual presentation of a urethrovaginal fistula, was concealed by the imperforate hymen. We could find no previously reported case of urethrovaginal fistula with imperforate hymen.

  16. Cystolithiasis in a Syrian hamster: a different outcome

    PubMed Central

    Petrini, D.; Di Giuseppe, M.; Deli, G.; De Caro Carella, C.

    2016-01-01

    A 14-month-old intact male Syrian hamster was admitted for lethargy and hematuria. A total body radiographic image and abdominal ultrasonography showed the presence of a vesical calculus. During cystotomy, a sterile urine sample was obtained and sent to the diagnostic laboratory along with the urolith for analysis. Urine culture was found negative for bacterial growth, and the urolith was identified as a calcium-oxalate stone. Diet supplementation with palmitoylethanolamide, glucosamine and hesperidin was adopted the day after discharge. One year follow up revealed no presence of vesical calculi. Although this is the report of a single clinical case, this outcome differs from the results reported in the literature characterized by recurrences after few months. Considering the positive outcome and the beneficial properties of palmitoylethanolamide, glucosamine, and hesperidin, these nutritional elements in Syrian hamsters, are recommended to reduce recurrence after surgical treatment of urolithiasis. PMID:27540515

  17. [Intrinsic ureteral endometriosis: description of a striking instance].

    PubMed

    Antonelli, Alessandro; Finotto, Elena; Zambolin, Tiziano; Fisogni, Simona; Simeone, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    Intrinsic ureteral endometriosis is a very rare condition. A 41 y. o. woman with right hydroureteronephrosis and other aspecific symptoms came to our attention. The CT scan showed an ureteral obstacle causing the hydroureteronephrosis. She underwent ureterorenoscopy with biopsies of the lesion that did not result to be diriment. Suspecting a ureteral neoplasm, the patient then underwent ureteral resection and ureterocystoneostomy, and the extemporary histological examination resulted as endometriosis. The abdominal exploration showed a parametrial and a peritoneal growth - both compatible with the extemporary histological examination - that were also excised. The post-operative course was uneventful. The definitive hystological examination confirmed the perioperatory diagnosis. Intrinsic ureteral endometriosis is confirmed as a rare pathology with an indefinite clinical presentation; its typical presentation, namely cyclic hematuria, seems to be an anecdotal feature. Therefore the diagnostics of intrinsic ureteral endometriosis is still difficult even despite such a striking presentation.

  18. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the urinary bladder during pregnancy: A case report.

    PubMed

    Ren, Xiaolei; Xia, Haibo; Gao, Zhiming

    2015-05-01

    A 31 year-old pregnant female who had not menstruated for 31 weeks presented to The Affiliated Hospital of Chifeng College (Chifeng, China) with painless gross hematuria, which had been present for 10 days. A computed tomography scan revealed a tumor of 5.8×6.3 cm in diameter. A biopsy was not obtained prior to surgery. Following the initial workup, the patient underwent a cesarean section and partial cystectomy of bladder. Pathological examination revealed inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). An initial cytoscope examination was performed one year after surgery, with subsequent follow-up cystoscope examinations performed every three months, and at the time of writing the patient was alive, with no evidence of tumor recurrence. IMT of the urinary bladder is a rare benign lesion and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case describing IMT of the urinary bladder during pregnancy. This study describes the process of diagnosis and management of the patient.

  19. Simultaneous development of renal cell carcinoma and multifocal urothelial carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Chuang, Heng-Chang; Chuang, Cheng-Keng; Ng, Kwai-Fong

    2008-01-01

    Simultaneous occurrence of multifocal urothelial carcinoma (UC) and ipsilateral renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is rare. We report a 67-year-old woman with multifocal, infiltrating urothelial carcinoma and unilateral renal cell carcinoma. She was referred to our department because of painless gross hematuria. Cystoscopy, computed tomography and retrograde pyelography studies revealed bladder, bilateral renal and ureter UC. She was treated with transurethral resection of the bladder tumor followed by bilateral nephroureterectomy. The pathological diagnosis was high-grade UC over the bladder and both renal pelves and ureters. A second tumor in the upper pole of the right kidney was reported as clear cell RCC. The patient was alive and still under careful surveillance at this writing.

  20. Should cystoscopy be routinely performed after laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy?

    PubMed

    Ko, Ma-Lee; Lin, Hui-Wen; Chen, Su-Chee; Pan, Hun-Shan

    2008-01-01

    This study was undertaken to determine the usefulness of routine intra-operative cystoscopy in documenting ureteral patency after laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH). There were eighty patients who underwent LAVH for benign tumors of the uterus (adenomyosis and myoma), uterine prolapse, persistent intraepithelial neoplasm of the cervix (CIN3) and cervical carcinoma in situ (CIS). Intra-operative cystoscopy with ureteral stenting was performed at the time of LAVH to evaluate the urinary tract. From among the 80 patients who underwent LAVH, 52 had myoma, 19 had adenomyosis, six patients had uterine prolapse, one had CIS and seven patients were diagnosed to have CIN3. Cystoscopy discovered one unsuspected bladder injury. Hematuria was the immediate complication caused by intraoperative cystoscopy. It was observed in ten patients. Urinary tract evaluation, including cystoscopy and ureteral stenting at the time of complex gynecologic surgery such as LAVH could be incorporated in the whole surgical procedure. It decreases morbidity associated with unrecognized injury.

  1. Tubulovillous Adenoma in the Bladder in a Dual Pancreas-Kidney Transplant Patient

    PubMed Central

    Remondini, Taylor; Van Zyl, Stephan; Bismar, Tarek A.; Yilmaz, Serdar

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: A rare report of a tubulovillous adenoma arising in the setting of a dual pancreas-kidney transplant patient. Case Presentation: This adenoma was discovered in a 60-year-old male with a dual pancreas-kidney transplant that presented with urinary retention and gross hematuria. Management of this patient required both transurethral resection of the tumor as well as a laparotomy after recurrence. Follow-up with cystoscopy has shown no further recurrence of the tumor. Conclusion: This case adds to the few cases documented of adenomas arising in bladders augmented with gastrointestinal tract tissue. The tumor may reflect growth from donor duodenal graft tissue, however, the metaplasia of urothelial tissue cannot be fully ruled out. Based on this case, our understanding of these rare tumors and their clinical course is deepened. PMID:28265591

  2. [Eosinophilic polypoid cystitis with flat carcinoma in situ of the overlying epithelium].

    PubMed

    Spitale, L; Deangelis, J J; Bosio, M V

    1989-10-01

    A case of eosinophilic polypoid cystitis with flat carcinoma in situ of the overlying epithelium is described. This is the first case with such an association encountered in our series comprised of 26 bladder surgical specimens and represents an incidence rate of 0.38%. The clinical case described herein is that of a 62-year-old male patient with a clinical picture of hematuria, frequency and urgency. Patient cystoscopic evaluation revealed a congestive and edematous mucosa at the level of the trigone and sessile polyps. Microscopic examination revealed flat urothelium with anisokaryosis, hyperchromatic nuclei, atypical mitosis, and loss of polarity; chorion with diffuse, dense inflammatory infiltrate comprised of eosinophils accounting for greater than 90% of the cell population, plasma cells, mastocytes, edema and vascular congestion. Epithelial erosion and capillary thrombosis were also observed. We discuss the etiology, clinical features and treatment reported elsewhere.

  3. Unusual isolated tubercolous epididymitis. Case report.

    PubMed

    Dell'Atti, L

    2014-01-01

    We present an unusual case of tuberculous epididymitis in a 33-year-old African patient, who was referred to our Department of Urology with a right intrascrotal mass. There was no evidence of fever, hematuria, dysuria or symptoms from the lower urinary tract. The patient did not demonstrate any laboratory signs of inflammation (white blood cells, C reactive protein). Scrotal sonography revealed a solid heterogeneous, hypoecoic lesion between the epididymal head and the upper testis pole, with disruption of the architecture of the testicular parenchyma. Strong ultrasound suspicion of tuberculous etiology was confirmed by epididymectomy and partial orchiectomy. The patient started an antitubercular treatment. Although rare, epididymal TB may be the only clinically evident location of infection. Clinical suspicion and prompt diagnosis are important because earlier treatment can prevent complications and lead to clinical improvement.

  4. Aorta-Left Renal Vein Fistula Complicating an Aortic Aneurysm: Preoperative and Postoperative Multislice CT Findings

    SciTech Connect

    Barrier, Pierre Otal, Philippe; Garcia, Olivier; Vahdat, Olivier; Domenech, Brice; Lannareix, Valerie; Joffre, Francis; Rousseau, Herve

    2007-06-15

    Fistulas complicating an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) are rare, and fistulas involving the left renal vein are particularly uncommon. We highlight here a fistula between an infrarenal aortic aneurysm and a retroaortic left renal vein, revealed by left flank pain associated with hematuria and acute renal failure. The multislice CT angiography performed in this 68-year-old patient revealed communication and equal enhancement between the aorta and the left gonadic vein, suggesting the presence of a fistula. The three-dimensional VRT reconstructions presented in this case were of great value in the preoperative planning, enabling immediate visualization of this unusual feature. Alternative diagnoses to consider when encountering this clinical presentation are reviewed.

  5. Scanning electron microscopy of glomerular and non glomerular red blood cells.

    PubMed

    Fassett, R G; Horgan, B; Gove, D; Mathew, T H

    1983-07-01

    Phase contrast microscopic examination of the urine has been recently shown to be of value in predicting whether hematuria is due to glomerulonephritis or lesions of the lower urinary tract. Glomerular red cells show variations in size and shape and have distorted surfaces. Non glomerular red cells are uniform in size and shape and have smooth surfaces. Scanning electron microscopy was performed on urine sediment containing either glomerular or non glomerular red cells to better define their surface characteristics. Glomerular red cells exhibited a variety of forms, most cells having lumpy projections from the surface, some showing fragmentation of the membrane and others showing gross distortion. In contrast non glomerular red cells show smooth surfaces and usually maintain the normal biconcave disc shape of peripheral red blood cells. Scanning electron microscopy can better define surface structural abnormalities of urinary glomerular and non glomerular red blood cells.

  6. Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome in a 5-year-old Iranian boy

    PubMed Central

    Goudarzipour, K.; Zavvar, N.; Behnam, B.; Ahmadi, M. A.

    2016-01-01

    Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome (IGS) is a rare syndrome characterized by clinical symptoms and signs of Vitamin B12 deficiency and proteinuria. Our patient was a 5-year-old boy with pallor, lack of appetite, and low weight gain. Laboratory studies showed severe macrocytic anemia, normal reticulocyte count, negative direct coombs test, normal osmotic fragility, and autohemolysis test. He has had intermittent proteinuria since 3 years ago despite normal creatinine level and absence of hematuria or hypertension. Finally, based on low level of serum B12 vitamin and normal folate level accompanied by asymptomatic proteinuria, the diagnosis of IGS was made. Furthermore, his sister has had laboratory abnormalities without any symptoms. IGS responded to B12 replacement therapy dramatically but intermittent proteinuria persisted even after appropriate therapy. PMID:27942180

  7. Unusual Spread of Renal Cell Carcinoma to the Clivus with Cranial Nerve Deficit

    PubMed Central

    Okudo, Jerome; Anusim, Nwabundo

    2016-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has unusual presentation affecting elderly males with a smoking history. The incidence of RCC varies while the incidence of spread of RCC to the clivus is rare. The typicality of RCC presentation includes hematuria, flank pain, and a palpable flank mass; however, RCC can also present with clival metastasis. The unique path of the abducens nerve in the clivus makes it susceptible to damage in metastasis. We report a case of a 54-year-old African American female that was evaluated for back pain, weakness, numbness, and tingling of bilateral lower extremities and subsequently disconjugate gaze and diplopia. Brain MRI confirmed metastasis to the clivus. She was started on radiotherapy and was planned for chemotherapy and transfer to a nursing home. When a patient presents with sudden unusual cranial nerve pathology, the possibility of metastatic RCC should be sought. PMID:27110412

  8. Adenomatous Metaplasia Arising in a Horse-Shoe Kidney - A Rare Entity.

    PubMed

    Kaur, Sukhpreet; Hasan, Shariq Ul

    2015-09-01

    Urinary adenomatous metaplasia (nephrogenic adenomas) is uncommon, benign, apparently metaplastic response of the urothelium to chronic inflammation, trauma, surgery, urolithiasis, long-term indwelling urethral catheterization, and immunosuppressive therapy instillation. Gross or microscopic hematuria and some irritable urinary tract symptoms are often observed. A diagnosis is primarily based on the histopathological examination. We are reporting this case because adenomatous metaplasia is very rarely reported in the kidney especially in a horse shoe kidney with a large renal stone and these lesions could be mistakenly diagnosed as malignancy. In our knowledge this is the very first case of its kind. An awareness of this entity is critical to prevent over-diagnosis of cancer and to avoid unnecessary treatment.

  9. Appearance of lung metastasis from osteosarcoma 21 years after initial treatment.

    PubMed

    Maeda, Ryo; Isowa, Noritaka; Onuma, Hideyuki; Miura, Hiroshi; Touge, Hirokazu; Kawasaki, Yuji

    2008-12-01

    This report describes a case of metastasis to the lung 21 years after the initial treatment of primary osteosarcoma in a 79-year-old man. The osteosarcoma was in the right femur and had resulted in amputation. The patient presented with painless hematuria, and a workup revealed a squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder with invasion into the perivesicular fat. The patient received radiation therapy. Follow-up computed tomography of the chest revealed a nodule measuring 21x14 mm in the right upper lobe of the lung. Repeated transbronchial lung biopsies and needle biopsies were unsuccessful, so wedge resection of the right upper nodule was performed by video-assisted thoracic surgery to obtain a definitive diagnosis. The final pathological diagnosis was consistent with metastasis from the primary osteosarcoma removed 21 years earlier.

  10. Kidney abnormalities in sickle cell disease.

    PubMed

    López Revuelta, K; Ricard Andrés, M P

    2011-01-01

    Patients with sickle cell disease exhibits numerous kidney structural and functional abnormalities, changes that are seen along the entire length of the nephron. Changes are most marked in patients with homozygous sickle cell anemia, but are also seen in those with compound heterozygous states and the sickle cell trait. The renal features of sickle cell disease include some of the most common reasons for referral to nephrologists, such as hematuria, proteinuria, tubular disturbances and chronic kidney disease. Therapy of these conditions requires specialized knowledge of their distinct pathogenic mechanisms. Spanish Haemathology and Hemotherapy Association has recently publicated their Clinical Practice Guidelines of SCD management. Renal chapter is reproduced in this article for Nefrología difussion.

  11. A case of TURBT after penile prosthesis implantation.

    PubMed

    Senda, Motohiro; Otani, Toshikazu; Ito, Yuichi

    2006-08-01

    The patient was a 66-year-old man who had undergone implantation of a penile prosthesis for organic erectile dysfunction 7 years prior to consulting our hospital with a complaint of gross hematuria. Since a pedunculated, superficial tumor 1 cm in diameter was noted lateral to the left ureteral orifice, transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT) was performed. In this patient, we were able to insert the sheath with no difficulty, and the surgical procedure was done smoothly, resulting in complete resection of the tumor. However, the location of the tumor in the anterior or posterior wall of the bladder predicted difficulty of the tumor resection. Therefore, we consider it important to sufficiently evaluate the feasibility of complete TURBT before surgery and to thoroughly examine the patient for benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder cancer, which can cause difficulty with post-implantation ransurethral procedures, and to perform transurethral surgery before implantation, if prosthesis implantation is planned.

  12. Acute renal failure after ingestion of guaifenesin and dextromethorphan.

    PubMed

    Small, Evan; Sandefur, Benjamin J

    2014-07-01

    Guaifenesin is a common nonprescription medication that has been implicated in drug-induced nephrolithiasis. Dextromethorphan, a nonprescription antitussive found in some guaifenesin-containing preparations, is increasingly recognized as a substance of abuse by many youth and young adults. Renally excreted medications known to have poor solubility in urine have the potential to precipitate when ingested in large quantity, leading to acute obstruction of the ureters and renal failure. We describe the case of a 22-year-old male who developed severe bilateral flank pain, hematuria, and oliguria after an isolated recreational ingestion of guaifenesin and dextromethorphan. The patient was found to have bilateral ureteral obstruction and acute renal failure, suspected to be secondary to precipitation of medication metabolites in the urine. This case highlights the potential for acute renal failure secondary to guaifenesin and dextromethorphan abuse. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. [Effective dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) occlusive dressing technique for amyloidosis of the urinary bladder].

    PubMed

    Hasegawa, Yoshihiro; Kanda, Hideki; Miki, Manabu; Masui, Satoru; Yoshio, Yuko; Yamada, Yasushi; Soga, Norihito; Arima, Kiminobu; Sugimura, Yoshiki

    2013-10-01

    A 48-year-old married woman complaining of macroscopic hematuria and cystitis symptom was admitted to our institute. Flexible cystoscopy revealed many yellowish, nodular masses at the paries posterior of the urinary bladder, and cold-punch biopsy proved it to be amyloidosis. Serum amyloid protein A (SAA) was high, and suggested systemic amyloidosis. Renal biopsy and colon fiberscopy did not reveal any abnormalities. We therefore diagnosed a primary localized amyloidosis of the urinary bladder. Transurethral resection and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) infusion therapy are used to treat amyloidosis of the urinary bladder. However there is no definite cure for amyloidosis of the urinary bladder. Therefore we selected DMSO occlusive dressing technique therapy. After 5 years of therapy, there was no evidence of a recurrence of amyloidosis.

  14. External Beam Radiation and Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer: Is It a Possible Trigger of Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder?

    PubMed

    Zakaria, Ali; Al Share, Bayan; Kollepara, Sri; Vakhariya, Cynthia

    2017-01-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors commonly involve the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. Primary genitourinary neuroendocrine tumors are rare, accounting for less than 1% of all bladder carcinomas. Four histopathologic subtypes have been described. Among those, large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is the least common, is more aggressive, and generally presents in an advanced stage with poor prognosis compared to transitional cell bladder carcinoma. There is no standardized treatment regimen because of the rarity of the disease. Herein, we present a case of 72-year-old male patient with previously treated prostate cancer, who received external beam radiation therapy and high dose brachytherapy, presenting with intermittent hematuria. Cystoscopy and transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) were performed. The histopathology and immunohistochemistry were consistent with large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). Further studies are required to proof the higher risk of neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder in patients treated with external beam radiation therapy and brachytherapy for prostate cancer.

  15. [Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome with minimal glomerular lesions in children (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Scharer, K; Gilli, G

    1975-01-01

    Minimal glomerular changes were found in 80% of the cases of nephrotic sindromes in children. 5 groups can be separated under light microscopy. Electron microscopy always shows foot processes fusion. 80% of the children show edema, one third has transient hematuria, proteinuria is selective for small molecules, plasma B 1 C globuline levels are normal. According with the International Study of kidney disease in children, prednisone therapy gives positive results in 84% of all cases (Early responders) but many of them relapse (Frequent relapsers); the long-term prognosis with steroid is poor in the majority of cases. Cyclophosphamide therapy (2,5-3 mg/kg/die for 6 week and for a maximum of 60-80 days) gives better results and lesser relapses, but caution is needed because of an higher toxicity.

  16. Nephron sparing endoscopic treatment for primary carcinoma of the renal calyx: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    WANG, QI; OU, TONG-WEN; XU, JIA-WEI; LI, JIN; BORAZJANI, ALI; JIA, CHUN-SONG; WANG, XU; YAN, HAO

    2016-01-01

    Primary carcinoma of the renal calyx is extremely rare. The present study reported nephron sparing endoscopic treatment for primary carcinoma of the renal calyx. An 81-year-old female presented with a 1-year history of intermittent painless gross hematuria. Computed tomography and X-ray of the urinary tract were unable to definitively identify any lesion. Flexible ureteroscopic examination revealed a tumor with epicenter in the lower calyx of the right kidney, with additional involvement around the calyx. Biopsies were obtained and pathology revealed low-grade urothelial carcinoma. Considering additional co-morbidities, the patient elected to undergo endoscopic management with thulium laser. The present report described the feasibility of flexible ureteroscopic thulium laser resection for the treatment of renal calyx carcinoma. PMID:27330785

  17. Recurrence of childhood nephrogenic adenoma in urinary bladder developed four years after previous surgery despite intravesical sodium hyaluronate therapy

    PubMed Central

    Özçift, Burak; Kaçar, Ayper; Tiryaki, Hüseyin Tuğrul

    2016-01-01

    Nephrogenic adenoma (NA) is a rarely seen benign metaplastic lesion of the urinary tract. Its etiology is uncertain, but induced by chronic inflammation, irritation, and trauma. NA is located in the urinary tract, most commonly in the bladder. NA usually presents with hematuria and lower urinary tract symptoms. In the literature it is mostly seen in adults but about 30 cases of NA’s have been reported in children. Treatment of intravesical lesions consists of transurethral resection (TUR) and fulguration and rarely partial or total cystectomy may be required in ineffective TUR. Recurrence rate is high during long-term follow-up. The intravesical application of sodium hyaluronate produces a protective effect on the glycosaminoglycan layer and delays or prevents its recurrence. We report a case of recurrent NA of the bladder in a pediatric male patient who was presented four years after previous surgery despite intravesical sodium hyaluronate therapy. PMID:27909627

  18. [A pheochromocytoma of urinary bladder treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy].

    PubMed

    Ibuki, Naokazu; Komura, Kazumasa; Koyama, Kouhei; Inamoto, Teruo; Segawa, Naoki; Tanimoto, Keiji; Tuji, Motomu; Azuma, Haruhito; Katsuoka, Yoji

    2009-12-01

    A 69-year-old female presented with hypertension and a solid mass in the bladder on ultrasonography. Cystoscopy revealed a submucosal tumor in the right lateral wall of the bladder. A transurethral resection was performed. Histologically, pathologic examination revealed a malignant pheochromocytoma. She refused surgical therapy and radiation therapy. She had no treatment for two years. She suddenly complained of gross hematuria. T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed a bladder tumor of high intensity and extra-bladder invasion. She was treated with chemotherapy (CVD) for 26 cycles. Since the tumor size was reduced, she was referred to our hospital for operative indication. Partial cystectomy was performed. Histologically, the tumor was a pheochromocytoma of the urinary bladder. Ten months after the operation, she has no clinical evidence of recurrence.

  19. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Nephropathy Associated with Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease without Extrarenal Involvement

    PubMed Central

    Ishida, Ryo; Shimizu, Akira; Kitani, Takashi; Nakata, Mayumi; Ota, Noriyoshi; Kado, Hiroshi; Shiotsu, Yayoi; Ishida, Mami; Tamagaki, Keiichi

    2016-01-01

    A 30-year-old woman with myelodysplastic syndrome underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) derived from her HLA-matched sister six years previously. She received preconditioning total body irradiation with renal shielding and was subsequently administered cyclosporin A (CyA) as prophylaxis against graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Four months after HSCT, asymptomatic proteinuria and glomerular hematuria developed during CyA tapering without obvious extrarenal involvements of GVHD, and persisted for six years. A renal biopsy revealed endothelial injury in the glomeruli, and the deposition of C4d was detected diffusely on glomerular capillaries and focally on peritubular capillaries, suggesting that nephropathy involved antibody- or complement-associated immune reactions. PMID:27725545

  20. [Report of a case of congenital vesico-uterine fistula with vaginal atresia associated with an exterior uterine cervix and agenesis of the right kidney].

    PubMed

    Daskalov, I; Sahpazov, M

    1982-01-01

    In a 27-year-old patient with cyclic hematuria a complex congenital malformation was diagnosed: the atresia of the upper third of the vagina and the external uterine cervix, a vesico-uterine fistula, and agenesis of the right kidney. The patient was treated surgically in two phases: first, the vesico-uterine fistula was closed abdominally and then, vaginally, the cervix was lowered down to its normal anatomic site and the external cervical orifice was opened. The postoperative course was normal and the patient was discharged from hospital 20 days after surgery. After 2 months the findings of the follow-up examination were normal, and so were the menstrual cycle and urination.

  1. Association of liver cirrhosis related IgA nephropathy with portal hypertension

    PubMed Central

    Kalambokis, Georgios; Christou, Leonidas; Stefanou, Dimitrios; Arkoumani, Evdokia; Tsianos, Epameinondas V

    2007-01-01

    A high incidence of IgA nephropathy has been reported in patients with liver cirrhosis, though, clinically evident nephrotic syndrome is very uncommon. Impaired hepatic clearance of circulating IgA immune complexes and subsequent deposition in renal glomeruli has been considered principally in the pathogenesis of liver cirrhosis associated IgA nephropathy. Here we report on a patient with cryptogenic liver cirrhosis and splenic vein thrombosis, who presented with nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsy showed findings consistent with IgA nephropathy. Lower endoscopy showed features of portal hypertensive colopathy. Following initiation of propranolol and anticoagulant treatment to reduce portal pressure, a gradual decrease of proteinuria and hematuria to normal range was noted. The potential pathogenetic role of portal hypertension in the development of IgA nephropathy in cirrhotic patients is discussed. PMID:17963311

  2. Association of liver cirrhosis related IgA nephropathy with portal hypertension.

    PubMed

    Kalambokis, Georgios; Christou, Leonidas; Stefanou, Dimitrios; Arkoumani, Evdokia; Tsianos, Epameinondas V

    2007-11-21

    A high incidence of IgA nephropathy has been reported in patients with liver cirrhosis, though, clinically evident nephrotic syndrome is very uncommon. Impaired hepatic clearance of circulating IgA immune complexes and subsequent deposition in renal glomeruli has been considered principally in the pathogenesis of liver cirrhosis associated IgA nephropathy. Here we report on a patient with cryptogenic liver cirrhosis and splenic vein thrombosis, who presented with nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsy showed findings consistent with IgA nephropathy. Lower endoscopy showed features of portal hypertensive colopathy. Following initiation of propranolol and anticoagulant treatment to reduce portal pressure, a gradual decrease of proteinuria and hematuria to normal range was noted. The potential pathogenetic role of portal hypertension in the development of IgA nephropathy in cirrhotic patients is discussed.

  3. Anti-glomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis with subsequent pulmonary hemorrhage in the course of pulmonary tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Hsieh, Yao-Peng; Wen, Yao-Ko

    2012-01-01

    A 66-year-old man with uremia and on hemodialysis was referred to our hospital because of hemoptysis. A chest radiograph showed diffuse infiltration in the right lung field. Laboratory data were remarkable for renal failure accompanied by hematuria and proteinuria. A kidney biopsy revealed diffuse crescentic glomerulonephritis with linear staining of IgG along the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). Circulating IgG anti-GBM antibody was not detected. Because the findings of renal biopsy suggested anti-GBM disease, the patient was treated with plasmapheresis and pulse steroid therapy, which resulted in a rapid resolution of his pulmonary symptoms and chest radiograph abnormalities. However, sputum culture submitted on admission yielded Mycobacterium tuberculosis 3 weeks later. Therefore, immunosuppressive agents were discontinued and antituberculous agents were administrated. No relapse of pulmonary hemorrhage occurred during the next 1-year period of follow-up, but the patient did not regain renal function and remained on hemodialysis.

  4. Pulmonary hemorrhage complicating Goodpasture's disease in the course of pulmonary tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Wen, Yao-Ko; Wen, Kai-I

    2013-12-01

    A 72-year-old man with ESRD on hemodialysis was referred to the hospital because of hemoptysis. A chest radiograph showed diffuse infiltration in the right lung field. Laboratory data showed hematuria and proteinuria. A kidney biopsy revealed diffuse crescentic glomerulonephritis with linear staining of IgG along the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). However, circulating IgG anti-GBM antibodies were not detected. Because the findings of renal biopsy suggested Goodpasture's disease, the patient was treated with plasmapheresis and pulse steroid therapy, which resulted in a rapid resolution of his pulmonary symptoms and chest radiograph abnormalities. However, sputum culture on admission yielded Mycobacterium tuberculosis 3 weeks later. Therefore, immuosuppressive agents were discontinued and antituberculous agents were administered. There was no relapse of pulmonary hemorrhage during the next 1-year period of follow-up, but the patient did not regain renal function and remained on hemodialysis.

  5. [A case of anaphylactoid purpura associated with nephrosis followed by pulmonary tuberculosis].

    PubMed

    Isobe, Zen; Suga, Tatsuo; Aoki, Yasuhiro; Aoki, Fumiaki; Ikeda, Kana; Ueno, Manabu; Maeno, Toshitaka; Kurabayashi, Masahiko

    2008-08-01

    A 54-year old man was admitted to our hospital because of high fever, productive cough and purpura in both legs in June 2005. Urinalysis showed microscopic hematuria and proteinuria. Chest radiograph showed consolidation of right upper field. Because acid-fast bacilli and polymerase chain reaction test for Mycobacterium tuberculosis were positive in bronchial lavage fluid, we made a diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis, and prescribed antituberculosis therapy with isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol and pyrazinamide. In addition, anaphylactoid purpura was diagnosed by skin biopsy. In July 2005, renal function was deteriorated and nephrosis appeared. We treated with corticosteroid in addition to antituberculosis therapy. His symptoms and renal dysfunction improved. We report a rare case of an anaphylactoid purpura following occurence of pulmonary tuberculosis.

  6. A case of Henoch-Schönlein purpura in disseminated tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Han, B G; Choi, S O; Shin, S J; Kim, H Y; Jung, S H; Lee, K H

    1995-01-01

    Tuberculosis is still a common disease, even in some parts of developing countries. Although its major impact is pulmonary, the tuberculosis is actually a disseminated disease. An unusual form of renal involvement of tuberculosis is glomerulonephritis, as a part of systemic vasculitis, Henoch-Schoenlein Purpura (HSP). A 41-year-old man, being treated with antituberculous agents for pulmonary tuberculosis, was transferred to our hospital because of newly developed generalized purpura and pretibial edema. Renal manifestations were proteinuria and hematuria. Renal biopsy disclosed interstitial chronic granulomatous inflammation with caseous necrosis and strong nodular mesangial Ig A deposit, along with trace granular Ig G deposition and perivascular C3 deposit. Skin lesions were non-thrombocytopenic palpable purpurae, proved leukocytoclastic vasculitis by skin biopsy. All clinical symptoms and signs were relieved by antituberculous medication. We concluded that disseminated tuberculosis might be a cause of HSP, an immune complex mediated disease.

  7. A Case of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura in Disseminated Tuberculosis

    PubMed Central

    Han, Byoung Geun; Choi, Seung Ok; Shin, Seung Joon; Kim, Hyo Youl; Jung, Soon Hee; Lee, Kwang Hoon

    1995-01-01

    Tuberculosis is still a common disease, even in some parts of developing countries. Although its major impact is pulmonary, the tuberculosis is actually a disseminated disease. An unusual form of renal involvement of tuberculosis is glomerulonephritis, as a part of systemic vasculitis, Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP). A 41-year-old man, being treated with antituberculous agents for pulmonary tuberculosis, was transferred to our hospital because of newly developed generalized purpura and pretibial edema. Renal manifestations were proteinuria and hematuria. Renal biopsy disclosed interstitial chronic granulomatous inflammation with caseous necrosis and strong nodular mesangial Ig A deposit, along with trace granular Ig G deposition and perivascular C3 deposit. Skin lesions were nonthrombocytopenic palpable purpurae, proved leukocy toclastic vasculitis by skin biopsy. All clinical symptoms and signs were relieved by antituberculous medication. We concluded that disseminated tuberculosis might be a cause of HSP, an immune complex mediated disease. PMID:7626558

  8. A Rare Case of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma with Urinary Bladder Metastasis

    PubMed Central

    Saad, Rahoma E.; Denning, Krista; Pacioles, Toni O.

    2017-01-01

    Metastatic esophageal adenocarcinoma to the urinary bladder is extremely rare. We describe a previously healthy 49-year-old female with recent diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction with metastatic disease to the liver. Biopsy was positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH). She received six cycles of Cisplatin, 5-Fluorouracil, and Herceptin and subsequently developed symptomatic anemia and hematuria. Cystoscopy with retroflexion was performed and she received a transurethral resection of bladder tumor with fulguration. Pathology of the bladder tumor revealed similar morphology to her liver metastasis and immunohistochemical stains were consistent with metastatic esophageal cancer. Three weeks after being diagnosed with metachronous urinary bladder metastasis from esophageal adenocarcinoma primary, she expired. She only received her first cycle of palliative chemotherapy with Ramucirumab and Paclitaxel. PMID:28642830

  9. Robotic trans-abdominal transplant nephrectomy for a failed renal allograft.

    PubMed

    Mulloy, M R; Tan, M; Wolf, J H; D'Annunzio, S H; Pollinger, H S

    2014-12-01

    Minimally invasive surgery for removal of a failed renal allograft has not previously been reported. Herein, we report the first robotic trans-abdominal transplant nephrectomy (TN). A 34-year-old male with Alport's syndrome lost function of his deceased donor allograft after 12 years and presented with fever, pain over his allograft and hematuria. The operation was performed intra-abdominally using the Da Vinci Robotic Surgical System with four trocars. The total operative time was 235 min and the estimated blood loss was less than 25 cm(3). There were no peri-operative complications observed and the patient was discharged to home less than 24 h postoperatively. The utilization of robotic technology facilitated the successful performance of a minimally invasive, trans-abdominal TN.

  10. Nephrogenic adenoma of the urinary bladder and urethra.

    PubMed

    Bhagavan, B S; Tiamson, E M; Wenk, R E; Berger, B W; Hamamoto, G; Eggleston, J C

    1981-10-01

    The histologic and ultrastructural features of nephrogenic adenomas of the urinary bladder and urethra were studied in multiple specimens obtained from eight patients. Three of these were studied by indirect immunofluorescence for Tamm-Horsfall uromucoprotein. The lesions are uncommon benign metaplastic proliferations of urothelium, occurring most frequently in males as small cystic, papillary, or nodular masses and most often presenting with hematuria. Typically the metaplastic tubules resemble nephronic tubules. A florid atypical and pseudoinfiltrative proliferation of these tubules may led to an erroneous diagnosis of adenocarcinoma. Ultrastructural features of proximal convoluted tubules were identified in some of the tubules, but resemblance to specific segments of distal tubules was less certain. The ultrastructural features combined with the absence of Tamm-Horsfall protein in tubular lumina or cells suggest a mesonephric rather than metanephric homology. The lesions are appropriately treated by transurethral resection or fulguration, but persistent lesions were present in three patients up to 18 yeas after initial treatment.

  11. [Malignant lymphoma of the ureter: a case report].

    PubMed

    Kawashima, Atsunari; Shiotsuka, Youichi; Nin, Mikio; Kokado, Yukito

    2005-04-01

    We report a case of malignant lymphoma (ML) of the ureter. A 71-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with the chief complaint of macroscopic hematuria. IVP showed the dilation of left ureter and renal pelvis. Retrograde pyelography showed a 2cm filling defect in the right middle ureter. From the data given, a right ureteral tumor was suspected, and we performed tumor biopsy under an ureteral scope. Since it was diagnosed not as transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of ureter but as ML with strong inflammation, partial ureterectomy and uretero-uretero anastomosis were done. Histological diagnosis was B cell follicular center lymphoma. Because Ga-scintigraphy revealed no evidence of other involement, it was diagnosed as ML originating from ureter. ML secondarily invading the urinary tract organs is commonly found, but ML originating from the urinary tract is rare. Especially, in regards to ML originating from ureter, only 16 cases have been reported in Japan.

  12. A case of IgA nephropathy in three sisters with thin basement membrane disease.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, K; Suzuki, J; Suzuki, S; Kume, K; Suzuki, H; Hujiki, T

    1998-01-01

    IgA nephropathy associated with thin basement membrane disease is reported in a 9-year-old female. The diagnosis of IgA nephropathy was made by means of an immunofluorescence investigation, which showed generalized diffuse mesangial deposits. Thin basement membrane disease was identified by electron-microscopic investigations, which disclosed thinning of the basement membrane of several capillary loops and prominence of the lamina densa. Her father, elder sister and younger sister were also found to have hematuria and her sisters were diagnosed as having thin basement membrane disease by renal biopsy. Patients with IgA nephropathy have focal thinning of the glomerular basement membrane, but we consider that urinalysis of the family needs to be done for the diagnosis of familial thin basement membrane disease, when diffuse thinning of the glomerular basement membrane is detected in such patients.

  13. Transient IgA nephropathy with acute kidney injury in a patient with dengue fever.

    PubMed

    Upadhaya, Bala Krishna; Sharma, Alok; Khaira, Ambar; Dinda, Amit K; Agarwal, Sanjay K; Tiwari, Suresh C

    2010-05-01

    Dengue virus infection can clinically manifest as dengue fever, dengue shock syndrome and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Acute kidney injury as a result of dengue virus infection can occur due to various reasons including hypotension, rhabdomyolysis, sepsis and rarely immune complex mediated glomerular injury. However, glomerulonephritis associated with IgA Nephropathy in dengue virus infection has not been reported previously. We report a case of 15-year-old boy who was admitted with dengue fever and dialysis dependant acute kidney injury. Urine examination showed microscopic glomerular hematuria and proteinuria. Kidney biopsy showed mesangial proliferation with mesangial IgA dominant immune complex deposits and acute tubular necrosis. A repeated kidney biopsy 6 weeks after clinical recovery showed reversal of glomerular changes as well as resolution of mesangial IgA deposits.

  14. An unusual case of IgA-dominant postinfectious glomerulonephritis: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Wagrowska-Danilewicz, M; Danilewicz, M; Fisiak, I; Piskorska, J

    2016-06-01

    We report a case of IgA-dominant postinfectious glomerulonephritis in a 49-year-old man presenting with acute kidney injury, nephrotic range proteinuria and hematuria. He suffered from ischemic heart disease, cardiac insufficiency, mitral regurgitation, tricuspid insufficiency, septal aneurysm and hypertension. Renal biopsy revealed segmental and focal endocapillary and mesangial hypercellularity, and thickening of the glomerular capillary wall. Immunofluorescence showed co-dominant strong coarse granular immunostaining of IgA, IgG and C3 mainly along the glomerular capillary wall. On electron microscopy some large subepithelial hump-shaped deposits were present. In summary, this case demonstrates the presence of a broad spectrum of glomerular histological findings in postinfectious glomerulonephritis.

  15. Superior vena cava syndrome caused by supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Sakura, Mizuaki; Tsujii, Toshihiko; Yamauchi, Akimasa; Tadokoro, Manabu; Tsukamoto, Tetsuro; Kawakami, Satoru; Yonese, Junji; Fukui, Iwao

    2007-10-01

    A 65-year-old woman presented with gross hematuria in February 1997. Left renal tumor was revealed and radical nephrectomy was performed. Pathological examination revealed papillary renal cell carcinoma, pT3aN1M1 (ipsilateral adrenal gland). Interferon-alpha was administered for 1 year. Two years after the nephrectomy, metastasis to the left supraclavicular lymph node appeared. Seven years after the nephrectomy, the metastatic tumor invaded the brachiocephalic vein and extended to the superior vena cava (SVC), compatible with SVC syndrome. Although interferon-alpha and external-beam radiotherapy was performed, she died in February 2005. Autopsy revealed a left supraclavicular lymph node metastasis invading the thyroid gland, mediastinum, and brachiocephalic vein. The tumor thrombus descended via the SVC into the right atrium. The right lung artery was obstructed by tumor thrombus. There were no visceral metastases and no local recurrence.

  16. [A clinical study on gentamicin in the field of surgery].

    PubMed

    Fujimoto, M; Ueda, T; Hirao, S; Sakai, K

    1976-03-01

    Gentamicin (GM), one of the amino-glucosides, was administered intramuscularly to 27 patients with Pseudomonas and/or other antibiotics resistant infections. The clinical evaluation of the results obtained was classified excellent in 1 case good 6, fair 8, none 11 and indeterminate 1, the effectiveness accounting for 57.7 percent. Satisfactory results were noted in wound infections, peritonitis and urinary tract infections. Among untoward side effects, an elevation in GOT and GPT values was observed in 6 cases, an elevation of BUN value in 1, proteinuria in 1 and hematuria in 1. However, it is difficult to conclude that those side effects were attributable to GM itself because blood transfusion or combined therapy with anti-cancer agents was conducted in these cases during the GM therapy.

  17. Spontaneous rupture of the kidney in the patients with synchronous renal hemangioma and nephrogenic hypertension

    PubMed Central

    Memmedoğlu, Akif; Musayev, Jamal

    2015-01-01

    Most renal neoplasms in adults are epithelial in origin and mesenchymal tumors are rarely encountered. Vascular tumors and tumor-like lesions account for a very small subset. Hemangioma of the kidney is a rarely seen benign vascular neoplasm that probably arises from angioblastic cells. Its general sign is macroscopic hematuria with or without pain. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult or impossible. Previously, spontaneous rupture of the kidney caused by renal hemangioma was not reported in the English literature. In this study, two cases with a history of nephrogenic hypertension who presented with spontaneous renal rupture are presented. There wasn’t any trauma history in the background of our patients. A long-standing nephrogenic hypertension was present in both patients. Patients underwent radical nephrectomy due to rupture of the renal tumor. In histopathological examination, capillary hemangioma was detected in the renal medulla in both cases. Patients didn’t need antihypertensive therapy during the postoperative period. PMID:26623154

  18. Two-year-old girl with impacted ureteral stone successfully treated with a single session of combined percutaneous nephrostomy and ureteroscopy.

    PubMed

    Sugino, Teruaki; Hamamoto, Shuzo; Unno, Rei; Moritoki, Yoshinobu; Hamakawa, Takashi; Naiki, Taku; Ando, Ryosuke; Okada, Atsushi; Yasui, Takahiro

    2017-03-14

    Impacted stones frequently cause changes in the ureter, including edema of the ureteral wall, stone embedding in the ureteral mucosa or ureteral bending, which often preclude spontaneous passing of the stone and increase the risk of complications during surgery. When stone impaction is suspected preoperatively, management should be adapted accordingly. However, surgical treatment strategies remain controversial in pediatric patients because of the scarcity of cases reported. We describe the case of a 2-year-old girl with a right impacted ureteral stone who presented with gross hematuria and pyuria, but no metabolic risk factors or hematological abnormalities. Ureteroscopy was carried out in the presence of a percutaneous nephrostomy catheter. At the 7-month follow up, hydronephrosis had improved from grade 3 to grade 1, and the ureter was free from residual or recurrent stones. No complications were noted. We believe that percutaneous nephrostomy before the lithotripsy facilitates treatment for impacted stones in pediatric patients.

  19. Urachal Tumor: A Case Report of an Extremely Rare Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Peixoto, Carlos

    2017-01-01

    The urachus is a tubular structure that connects the bladder to the allantois in the embryonic development, involuting after the third trimester. The urachus carcinoma is an extremely rare tumor that accounts for <1% of all bladder cancers. We report a case of a 46-year-old woman, with no past medical history, complaining of hematuria with 6-month duration and a physical exam and an abdominal computed topographic scan revealing an exophytic mass of 6.8 cm longer axis that grew depending on the anterior bladder wall, invading the anterior abdominal wall. Cystoscopy detected mucosal erosion. The biopsy showed structures of adenocarcinoma of enteric type. The surgical specimen showed urachus adenocarcinoma of enteric type with stage IVA in the Sheldon system and stage III in the Mayo system. This case has a 3-year follow-up without disease recurrence. PMID:28321354

  20. Giant idiopathic renal arteriovenous fistula managed by coils and amplatzer device: Case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Nagpal, Prashant; Bathla, Girish; Saboo, Sachin S; Khandelwal, Ashish; Goyal, Abhishek; Rybicki, Frank J; Steigner, Michael L

    2016-01-01

    An idiopathic renal arteriovenous (AV) fistula is a rare malformation of the kidney that may present insidiously with heart failure or hematuria. The treatment may be challenging due to large fistula size that may limit endovascular management. The authors report a case of an 85-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with acute heart failure and was found to have a right renal AV fistula. Since she had no prior history of renal intervention or trauma, a diagnosis of idiopathic renal AV fistula was made. She was managed by endoluminal occlusion using multiple stainless steel coils and Amplatzer vascular plug II device. The follow-up computed tomography showed complete occlusion of the fistula. This report highlights the late presentation of this rare disease and presents the utility of the combination of coils and Amplatzer device for management of a large fistula. It also reiterates that even if large, these fistulas can be managed by endovascular occlusion. PMID:27900325

  1. Fever of unknown origin in a very old patient: beware of the kidney!

    PubMed

    Giua, Renato; Pedone, Claudio; Onetti Muda, Andrea; Antonelli Incalzi, Raffaele

    2014-10-01

    ANCA-associated vasculitis affects more than 20 per million of the population per year and prevails in the elderly. Renal involvement, either isolated or in the context of systemic vasculitis, is common. We report the case of an 86-year-old patient who presented with a histologically proven renal limited vasculitis and with fever and fatigue but with normal renal function and urine analysis. Serum creatinine increased and microscopic hematuria became evident only 3 weeks after symptoms onset, whereas ANCA positivity was the only early key to the diagnosis. This case shows that in the elderly an ANCA-related pauci-immune glomerulonephritis in its earliest stages should be suspected in the presence of a fever of unknown origin even if serum and urine analyses are normal.

  2. Morphological keys in the differential diagnosis of bladder inverted papilloma. Study of two types, trabecular and glandular.

    PubMed

    Sabater Marco, Vicente; Navalón Verdejo, Pedro; Morera Faet, Arturo

    2012-09-01

    Inverted papilloma of the urinary bladder is an uncommon urothelial neoplasm that may be specially difficult to distinguish from urothelial carcinoma. Two patients with obstructive symptoms and hematuria have been studied. In the transurethral resection, accidentally, one showed a papillary lesion in the context of nodular hyperplasia of the prostate, where as the other showed a polypoid tumor of the urinary bladder Histologically, in both cases, a bladder inverted papilloma was demonstrated, originating from the surface transitional epithelium. Basal cells exhibited peripheral palisading pattern in the trabecular form. In the glandular type, Dogiel or umbrella cells into the gland-like structures, were recognized. Immunohistochemical stains for p53 and Ki-67 were negative. Umbrella cells were positive for cytokeratin 20. Two cases of bladder inverted papilloma with relevant morphological aspects are presented, which we consider useful for the differential diagnosis with urothelial carcinoma.

  3. Implementation of the first wellness-fitness evaluation for the Dallas Fire-Rescue Department

    PubMed Central

    Seals, Norman; Martin, JoAnn; Russell, Bryan

    2010-01-01

    More than 100 firefighters lose their lives in the line of duty each year; many of these deaths are caused by cardiovascular events and underlying coronary heart disease. In addition, firefighters are at higher-than-normal risk of developing certain types of cancer. To improve health and fitness among its firefighters, the Dallas Fire-Rescue Department developed and implemented an annual wellness-fitness program in 2008. The program detected and addressed medical issues including coronary disease, hypertension, high triglyceride levels, high cholesterol, high blood glucose levels, and hematuria. Prostate, thyroid, breast, kidney, and bladder cancers were also detected. By identifying these issues, engaging the firefighters' personal physicians, and recommending individualized treatment plans, this program may have extended lives and improved the quality of life for the firefighters. PMID:20671818

  4. Renal tuberculosis: a case report

    PubMed Central

    TOCCACELI, S.; STELLA, L. PERSICO; DIANA, M.; TACCONE, A.; GIULIANI, G.; DE PAOLA, L.; VALVANO, M.; DE PADUA, C.; DI BIASIO, G.; RANUCCI, C.; ORSI, E.; LA TORRE, F.

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculosis or TB (tubercle bacillus) remains a major public health problem in developing countries. Over the last decades extra-pulmonary locations of the disease have become more frequent due to the increased prevalence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome and the increase number of organ transplants. The urogenital localization represents about 27% of all extra-pulmonary localizations of TB and may be due either to a disseminated infection or to a primitive genitourinary localization. The majority of patients, has pyuria, sometimes with hematuria. The diagnosis of urinary tuberculosis is based on the finding of pyuria in the absence of infection by common bacteria. The initial medical treatment includes isoniazide, rifampicin, pyrazinami-de, ethambutol and streptomycin. This disease should be suspected in patients with unexplained urinary tract infections, especially if immunocompromised and/or coming from endemic areas. PMID:26017107

  5. Renal stone associated with the ketogenic diet in a 5-year old girl with intractable epilepsy.

    PubMed

    Choi, Ji Na; Song, Ji Eun; Shin, Jae Il; Kim, Heung Dong; Kim, Myung Joon; Lee, Jae Seung

    2010-05-01

    In this paper, we report on a 5-year-old girl who developed a renal stone while following the ketogenic diet to treat refractory seizure disorder. Three months after initiating the ketogenic diet, she developed severe abdominal pain and vomiting. The spot urine calcium-to-creatinine (Ca/Cr) ratio and 24-hour urine evaluation showed hypercalciuria. Computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed a stone in the right ureteropelvic junction, resulting in hydronephrosis of the right kidney. The renal stone disappeared 5 days after conservative treatment; the patient's microscopic hematuria resolved concurrently. In light of this case report, we recommend regularly monitoring the urine Ca/Cr ratio with ultrasonography for further development of renal stones in patients following the ketogenic diet. If these patients exhibit evidence of symptomatic hypercalciuria or cyristalluria, liberalization of fluid restriction and urine alkalization using oral potassium citrate should be considered.

  6. Complete endoscopic management of a retained bullet in the bladder.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Ariella A; Trinh, Quoc-Dien; Kaul, Sanjeev; Bhandari, Akshay

    2013-01-01

    A 25-year-old male gunshot victim presented at our institution with gross hematuria following Foley catheter insertion. Computed tomography and cystogram did not show a bladder perforation, but were notable for a left ischial fracture and the presence of a bullet within the bladder. After failed attempts at retrieving the bullet with a resectoscope and loop, as well as a cystoscope and stone crusher, a 26 French nephroscope was inserted transurethrally, and the bullet was successfully engaged and removed using a Perc NCircle (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN) grasper. The extra-peritoneal injury was managed conservatively with catheter drainage. To our knowledge, this represents the first case of successful transurethral management of a retained intravesical bullet. Such an approach may benefit patients with retained intravesical bullets or other challenging intravesical foreign bodies and may be helpful in select circumstances to spare patients from more extensive surgeries.

  7. [A case of urachal actinomycosis with bone formation].

    PubMed

    Kobori, Yoshitomo; Matsui, Futoshi; Amano, Toshiyasu; Takemae, Katsuro

    2004-10-01

    We report a case of urachal actinomycosis with bone formation. A 76-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of gross hematuria. Cystoscopy revealed bleeding from the dome of the bladder wall. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass extending from the dome of the bladder to just below the umbilicus. A urachal tumor was clinically suspected, and the mass was resected together with urachal remnant and part of the bladder wall. Pathological diagnosis of the specimen was actinomycosis. The bone tissue was found in the abcess. Actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative infection caused by Actinomyces israelii. Although urachal actinomycosis is a rare desease, it is important to recognize this uncommon intrapelvic infection as the differential diagnosis of any intrapelvic mass.

  8. Hepatoid Adenocarcinoma of the Urachus

    PubMed Central

    Jimenez, Carlos Andrés; Carrascal, Edwin

    2016-01-01

    Hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the urachus is a rare condition. We present the case of a 51-year-old female who developed abdominal pain and hematuria. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reported an urachal mass with invasion to the bladder that was resected by partial cystectomy. On light microscopy the tumor resembled liver architecture, with polygonal atypical cells in nest formation and trabecular structures. Immunochemistry was positive for alfa-fetoprotein (AFP) and serum AFP was elevated. Hepatoid adenocarcinomas have been reported in multiple organs, being most commonly found in the stomach and the ovaries. Bladder compromise has been rarely described in the literature, and it has been associated with poor prognosis, low remission rates, and early metastasis. PMID:27803830

  9. Surgical pathology of schistosomiasis.

    PubMed Central

    Mohammed, Aminu Z.; Edino, Steven T.; Samaila, Adamu A.

    2007-01-01

    Schistosomiasis remains an important health problem in many tropical countries and is being seen with increasing frequency in immigrant populations and tourists in developed countries. The pattern of organ involvement and clinical presentation of schistosomiasis in 80 patients (male: female, 9:1) during a five-year period (2001-2005) was examined from archival histopathology records. The urinary bladder was the most common organ affected [50 (62.5%)]. Gastrointestinal, male and female genital schistosomiasis were detected in 12 (15%), eight (10%) and five (6.1%) cases, respectively. Hematuria was the most common presenting symptom [34 (42.5%)], and bladder cancer was the only malignancy found to be associated with the infection. A high clinical index of suspicion usually allows for a preoperative diagnosis where indicated and avoidance of radical surgery. While research for the development of an effective vaccine continues, a plea is made for the expansion of multinational control programs in sub-Saharan Africa. PMID:17534016

  10. Two Cases of Proteinase 3-Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (PR3-ANCA)-related Nephritis in Infectious Endocarditis

    PubMed Central

    Hirai, Kazuya; Miura, Naoto; Yoshino, Masabumi; Miyamoto, Kanyu; Nobata, Hironobu; Nagai, Takuhito; Suzuki, Keisuke; Banno, Shogo; Imai, Hirokazu

    2016-01-01

    We herein report two cases of proteinase 3-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (PR3-ANCA)-related nephritis in infectious endocarditis. In both cases, the patients were middle-aged men with proteinuria and hematuria, hypoalbuminemia, decreased kidney function, anemia, elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and PR3-ANCA positivity. Each had bacteremia, due to Enterococcus faecium in one and Streptococcus bovis in the other. One patient received aortic valve replacement therapy for aortic regurgitation with vegetation, and the other underwent tricuspid valve replacement therapy and closure of a ventricular septic defect to treat tricuspid regurgitation with vegetation. These patients' urinary abnormalities and PR3-ANCA titers improved at 6 months after surgery following antibiotic treatment without steroid therapy. PMID:27904114

  11. [A case of Wegener's granulomatosis with seronegative for PR-3 ANCA and seropositive for MPO-ANCA].

    PubMed

    Narita, Yusuke; Yamaguchi, Tetsuo; Tanaka, Kensuke; Urushiyama, Hirokazu; Zaima, Mika; Kohno, Chiyoko; Yamada, Yoshihito; Murota, Yoshihiro; Takemura, Tamiko

    2009-07-01

    A 60-year-old woman was admitted with low fever, dry cough and occult hematuria with abnormality on her chest X-ray film showing patchy shadows in the apices of both lungs. The patient was seronegative for PR-3 ANCA and seropositive for MPO-ANCA and transbronchial lung biopsy showed inflammatory granulation tissue. We performed an open lung biopsy to achieve a definitive diagnosis. The lung specimen showed the typical findings of Wegener's granulomatosis. Renal biopsy revealed necrotizing glomerulonephiritis. A systemic form of Wegener's granulomatosis was diagnosed. Initilal treatment combined oral prednisolone at 30 mg daily with oral cyclophosphamide at 50 mg daily improved not only the clinical course, but also the radiographic findings. Finally, she became seronegative for MPO-ANCA.

  12. Surgical repair of an atrial septal defect in a juvenile Sumatran orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus sumatraensis).

    PubMed

    Greenberg, M J; Janssen, D L; Jamieson, S W; Rothman, A; Frankville, D D; Cooper, S D; Kriett, J M; Adsit, P K; Shima, A L; Morris, P J; Sutherland-Smith, M

    1999-06-01

    A systolic heart murmur was auscultated in a 2-yr-old female Sumatran orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus sumatraensis) with a slower than expected growth rate. Cardiac ultrasound revealed an 11-mm atrial septal defect. Cardiac catheterization confirmed the diagnosis. Surgical repair was performed during cardiopulmonary bypass using a pericardial patch. The bypass pump was primed with human albumin and donor orangutan whole blood of a compatible type. Hematuria occurred shortly after the initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass. Successful repair was immediately confirmed with transesophageal ultrasonography. The animal was extubated shortly after returning to spontaneous ventilation but had to be reintubated 4 hr later due to tachypnea and decreased SpO2. Additional extubation attempts failed, necessitating continuous positive pressure ventilation, monitoring, and intensive care environment. Thoracic radiographs suggested adult respiratory distress syndrome. The animal required 14 days of intensive care before extubation of the trachea was successful. After 4 wk of isolation, the orangutan was successfully reintroduced to its family group.

  13. Endoscopic Treatment of Stump Leakage Related to the Ileal Conduit

    PubMed Central

    Odemis, Bulent; Oztas, Erkin; Akpinar, Muhammet Yener; Olcucuoglu, Erkan; Kayacetin, Ertugrul

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Ileal conduit with leakage from either the anastomotic site or the stump is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. The standard treatment of stump leakage is surgery. Case Presentation: A 60-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital with complaint of hematuria and bladder carcinoma was diagnosed. After performing radical cystectomy and ileal conduit, he developed fever with abdominal pain within the first week of surgery. Stump leakage was diagnosed by endoscopic examination performed through a gastroscope. After two over-the-scope clips (OTSCs) were applied to the stump, vinyl mesh was inserted into the space between the OTSCs. Later, cyanoacrylat and lipiodol were repelled on the OTSCs and vinyl mesh. Subsequently, stump leakage was resolved. Conclusion: This is the first case of stump leakage related to ileal conduit that has been treated endoscopically, according to the current literature. PMID:27579432

  14. Laparoscopic gastrocystoplasty for tuberculous contracted bladder

    PubMed Central

    Ramalingam, Manickam; Senthil, Kallappan; Balashanmugam, T. S.

    2017-01-01

    The stomach is the preferred augmentation option for a contracted bladder in a patient with renal failure. A 49-year-old female presented with right solitary functioning kidney with tuberculous lower ureteric stricture and contracted bladder. Her creatinine was 2.8 mg%. By laparoscopic approach, right gastroepiploic artery based gastric flap was isolated using staplers and used for augmentation and ureteric replacement. At 6-month follow-up, her creatinine was 1.9 mg%, and bladder capacity was 250 ml. She had mild hematuria, which settled with proton pump inhibitors. Laparoscopic gastrocystoplasty is feasible and effective augmentation option in those with renal failure, giving the benefits of minimally invasive approach. PMID:28197034

  15. Medical and Surgical Treatment Modalities for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in the Male Patient Secondary to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Review.

    PubMed

    Macey, Matthew Ryan; Raynor, Mathew C

    2016-09-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is one of the most common ailments affecting aging men. Symptoms typically associated with BPH include weak stream, hesitancy, urgency, frequency, and nocturia. More serious complications of BPH include urinary retention, gross hematuria, bladder calculi, recurrent urinary tract infection, obstructive uropathy, and renal failure. Evaluation of BPH includes a detailed history, objective assessment of urinary symptoms with validated questionnaires, and measurement of bladder function parameters, including uroflowmetry and postvoid residual. In general, treatment of LUTS associated with BPH is based on the effect of the symptoms on quality of life (QOL) and include medical therapy aimed at reducing outlet obstruction or decreasing the size of the prostate. If medical therapy fails or is contraindicated, various surgical options exist. As the elderly population continues to grow, the management of BPH will become more common and important in maintaining patient's QOL.

  16. [Bladder augmentation in children: experience with 15 cases].

    PubMed

    Nortes, L; Zambudio, G A

    1996-07-01

    From 1993 to 1995 bladder augmentation was performed in 11 female and 4 male patients from 1 to 13 years old (average age 6.7 years). Indications included neurogenic bladder, extrophy and epispadias with small bladder. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt had been performed in 6 patients for hydrocephalus. We used 22 segments since 5 patients had 2 segments. Segments included sigmoid in 12 cases, stomach in 5, small bowel in 1, cecum and appendix in 2. We have used the AMS-800 artificial urinary sphincter in 7 patients. Upper tracts and renal function have remained stable in these patients. Continence was achieved in 7 of 9 cases with augmentation, and in 6 of those patients with artificial urinary sphincter. The most common complication was leaks and the hematuria-dysuria syndrome when stomach was used.

  17. A Bloody Mess: An Unusual Case of Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage Because of Warfarin Overdose.

    PubMed

    Heffler, Enrico; Campisi, Raffaele; Ferri, Sebastian; Crimi, Nunzio

    2016-01-01

    We herein present the case of a patient with frank hemoptysis and hematuria, dyspnea, and cough. The patient was known to be affected by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and dilated cardiomyopathy with atrial fibrillation. For this latter condition, he was supposed to take 1.25 mg warfarin daily. Laboratory findings revealed very high levels of International Normalized Ratio (INR) (16), and the patient referred that he self-increased warfarin dose to 5 mg daily since 8 days before the onset of symptoms. Computed tomography scan revealed diffuse bilateral signs of alveolar hemorrhage with hydroaerial levels within emphysematous cysts. Wafarin was immediately stopped and changed with 220 mg dabigatran daily, and he was properly treated to restore a normal coagulation status. We concluded for a case of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage because of warfarin overdose.

  18. [Primary Carcinoid Tumor of the Urinary Bladder: A Case Report and Questionnaire Survey on the Reported Cases in Japan].

    PubMed

    Ueda, Norichika; Arai, Hiroki; Honda, Masahito; Yoshida, Kyotaro

    2015-11-01

    An 83-year-old man presented with asymptomatic macroscopic hematuria while being treated for prostate cancer with hormonal therapy in January 2009. Cystoscopy revealed a 5 mm surface-smooth non pedunculated tumor lateral to the left ureteral orifice. Transurethral resection was carried out to examine the histology of the tumor. Histopathologic examination revealed the tumor arranged in a pseudoglandular pattern covered with erosive urothelial cells. The tumor had inconspicuous nucleoli, and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. An immunohistochemical study showed the tumor cells were positively stained for chromogranin A, synaptophysin, CD56, and NSE. Ki67 index of the tumor was below 2 %, indicating that the tumor was a carcinoid tumor. He showed no carcinoid syndrome, and neither recurrence nor metastasis has been detected for 66 months.

  19. [Renal carcinoid tumor presenting as bladder tamponade: a case report and review of the Japanese cases].

    PubMed

    Kajita, Yoichiro; Megumi, Yuzuru; Okabe, Tatsushiro

    2005-07-01

    A 65-year-old man presented with sudden onset of gross hematuria and urinary retention. Computed tomographic scan (CT) showed a cystic multilocular enhancing lesion (9 cm in diameter) at the left renal hilum causing thinning and lateral displacement of the left renal parenchyma. Left hydronephrosis and a renal calculi were observed. We performed radical nephrectomy suspecting a cystic renal cell carcinoma. Microscopic examination and immunohistochemical studies confirmed the diagnosis of the carcinoid tumor. The tumor cells were fully positive for neuron-specific enolase and keratin, and partially positive for chromogranin-A. One of the resected lymph nodes was positive for metastasis. Additional gastrointestinal tract examinations for carcinoid tumor were negative. However, he was concurrently diagnosed with poorly differentiated prostate cancer and hormonal therapy was started. He is free of recurrent carcinoid tumor nine months postoperatively. This case is the 31st report of renal carcinoid tumors in Japan.

  20. [Spinal cord infarction following radical nephrectomy using extracorporeal circulation for renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava and right atrium: a case report].

    PubMed

    Sumino, Yasuhiro; Sato, Fuminori; Mimata, Hiromitsu

    2010-07-01

    A 51 year-old man admitted to our hospital for macroscopic hematuria and right abdominal mass. CT demonstrated a large hypervascular mass and tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava and right atrium. We diagnosed right renal cancer (stage III), and he underwent radical nephrectomy and resection of tumor thrombus with extracorporeal circulation. Operative time was 9 hours. Time for extracorporeal circulation was 119 minutes, and it took 60 minutes for intraoperative balloon occlusion of descending aorta in order to arrest hemorrhage. Pathological diagnosis was clear cell carcinoma of the kidney (pT3c, N0, M0). Four days after surgery, paraplegia was evident, and a diagnosis of spinal cord infarction was made based on neurologic examination and MRI findings. In cases with such a surgery requiring extracorporeal circulation, preoperative meeting with cardiologists and anesthetists is indispensable in order to fully understand the possible complications. Especially, to keep a careful watch and prepare for spinal cord ischemia is mandatory.

  1. A functional variant in NEPH3 gene confers high risk of renal failure in primary hematuric glomerulopathies. Evidence for predisposition to microalbuminuria in the general population

    PubMed Central

    Voskarides, Konstantinos; Stefanou, Charalambos; Pieri, Myrtani; Demosthenous, Panayiota; Felekkis, Kyriakos; Arsali, Maria; Athanasiou, Yiannis; Xydakis, Dimitris; Stylianou, Kostas; Daphnis, Eugenios; Goulielmos, Giorgos; Loizou, Petros; Savige, Judith; Höhne, Martin; Völker, Linus A.; Benzing, Thomas; Maxwell, Patrick H.; Gale, Daniel P.; Gorski, Mathias; Böger, Carsten; Kollerits, Barbara; Kronenberg, Florian; Paulweber, Bernhard; Zavros, Michalis; Pierides, Alkis; Deltas, Constantinos

    2017-01-01

    Background Recent data emphasize that thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) should not be viewed as a form of benign familial hematuria since chronic renal failure (CRF) and even end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is a possible development for a subset of patients on long-term follow-up, through the onset of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). We hypothesize that genetic modifiers may explain this variability of symptoms. Methods We looked in silico for potentially deleterious functional SNPs, using very strict criteria, in all the genes significantly expressed in the slit diaphragm (SD). Two variants were genotyped in a cohort of well-studied adult TBMN patients from 19 Greek-Cypriot families, with a homogeneous genetic background. Patients were categorized as “Severe” or “Mild”, based on the presence or not of proteinuria, CRF and ESRD. A larger pooled cohort (HEMATURIA) of 524 patients, including IgA nephropathy patients, was used for verification. Additionally, three large general population cohorts [Framingham Heart Study (FHS), KORAF4 and SAPHIR] were used to investigate if the NEPH3-V353M variant has any renal effect in the general population. Results and conclusions Genotyping for two high-scored variants in 103 TBMN adult patients with founder mutations who were classified as mildly or severely affected, pointed to an association with variant NEPH3-V353M (filtrin). This promising result prompted testing in the larger pooled cohort (HEMATURIA), indicating an association of the 353M variant with disease severity under the dominant model (p = 3.0x10-3, OR = 6.64 adjusting for gender/age; allelic association: p = 4.2x10-3 adjusting for patients’ kinships). Subsequently, genotyping 6,531 subjects of the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) revealed an association of the homozygous 353M/M genotype with microalbuminuria (p = 1.0x10-3). Two further general population cohorts, KORAF4 and SAPHIR confirmed the association, and a meta-analysis of all

  2. [Role of electrohydraulic extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (Dornier HM 4) in the treatment of caliceal diverticulum lithiasis].

    PubMed

    Torrecilla Ortiz, C; Marco Pérez, L; Contreras García, J; Ponce Campuzano, A; Ruíz-Lluch López, R; Roig Sanz, M; Serrallach Mila, N

    1998-10-01

    Caliceal diverticula may be congenital or acquired malformations of the collecting system, normally asymptomatic and discovered during an IVP. Indications for treatment included chronic vague flank pain, acute renal colic, urinary tract infection and hematuria. We present the results of 29 patients with symptomatic calculi in caliceal diverticula who were managed by ESWL monotherapy. All treatments were performed with electrohydraulic machine (Dornier HM 4) in ambulatory form. The average followup was 42 months. 12 patients (40%) had passed successfully all of the stone fragments, while 2 patients (7%) had passed more than half and 4 (13.5%) had passed less than half of the fragments. 66 per cent of patients had been rendered free of symptoms. The possibility of producing a satisfactory result (66% free of symptoms and 40% stone free by X ray) and the low morbidity of ESWL suggest that this treatment may be appropriate for majority of calculi in calicea diverticula.

  3. Classical factor X deficiency. Report of a further case.

    PubMed

    Girolami, A; Coser, P; Brunetti, A; Prinoth, O

    1975-01-01

    A case of classical factor X deficiency is reported. The propositus is a 28-year-old male who presented easy bruising, epistaxis, hematomas, hematuria and occasional hemartrosis since early childhood. The severely prolonged prothrombin time was corrected by normal serum but not by adsorbed normal plasma. The abnormality was not corrected by the plasma of a patient with factor X deficiency, but by the plasma of patients with factor II or VII deficiencies. Partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin consumption and the thromboplastin generation test were abnormal. The thromboelastogram showed a prolonged 'K' and 'r' together with a normal 'ma'. Factor X was very low (smaller than 1%). Platelet tests were normal. No factor X band or precipitates were seen on electroimmunoassay and on the cross-over electrophoresis. The non-consanguineous parents and several other members of the family were found to be heterozygotes.

  4. [Urolithiasis in children: diagnostic difficulties].

    PubMed

    La Manna, Angela; Apicella, Andrea; Cangiano, Giovanni; Polito, Cesare

    2013-01-01

    The incidence of urolithiasis in children has been steadily increasing in developed countries mainly due to changes in dietary habits. The occurrence of symptoms suggestive of urolithiasis in children with urinary solute abnormalities predisposing to stone formation but with normal renal ultrasound and X-ray plain film is approximately 9 times higher than the occurrence of overt stone disease. This discrepancy may depend on several factors, for example: the limited sensitivity of these methods of imaging, the presence of urinary crystals that, while not detectable with imaging, injure bladder epithelium, in addition to imaging studies performed after the passage of calculi giving negative results. Correct technique during urine collection is also essential for diagnosis. Urolithiasis must be suspected in the face of abdominal pain even central or diffuse pain in younger children when there is a positive family history even though specific urinary symptoms such hematuria and dysuria may be lacking.

  5. Clinical manifestations and etiology of renal stones in children less than 14 years age.

    PubMed

    Sepahi, Mohsen Akhavan; Heidari, Akram; Shajari, Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    Urolithiasis is one of the commonest problems in pediatric nephrology. Prevalence of urolithiasis in pediatric patients is increasing. The purpose was to properly diagnose and treat with the special attention to the risk factors. This study is case-series and was performed on 100 pediatric patients for evaluation of clinical manifestation and etiology of renal stone in Qom. Hundred Children, fewer than 14 years old with mean age of 3.32 years, were included (54% male). Etiology of urolithiasis in 5% was unclear. Metabolic disorders found in patients were mainly: Hypocitraturia in 54, hyperoxaluria in 14, hyperuricosuria in 25, cystinuria in 6, hypercalciuria in 28 and phosphaturia in 8 patients. The main clinical presentation was fever, pain, irritability, dysuria and hematuria. Family history of urolithiasis was found in 23% of patients and 54% presented with urinary tract infection (UTI). We conclude that majority of patients were symptomatic and hypocitraturia was the commenest risk factor among others.

  6. Urolithiasis and primary parathyroid adenoma: report of one case.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jing-Sheng; Lau, Beng-Huat; Yeh, Ming-Lun; Lee, Chin-Cheng

    2003-01-01

    A 12-year-old girl was admitted to ward because of persistent left flank pain, vomiting, and hematuria. A stone was located at the ureteropelvic junction of the left kidney, as determined by means of abdominal sonography. Metabolic investigation for a renal stone revealed that she had hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia, and hypercalciuria. Hyperparathyroidism was diagnosed based on the hypercalcemia and inappropriately elevated serum parathyroid hormone level. A parathyroid adenoma was successfully diagnosed by using thallium/technetium subtraction parathyroid scanning. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy was performed to treat the renal stone, and the parathyroid adenoma was successfully removed. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. This case is presented because urolithiasis and hyperparathyroidism are rare in children. Metabolic evaluation is mandatory in children with a renal stone. Further investigation for the hyperparathyroidism should be performed if hypercalcemia associated with hypercalciuria is documented.

  7. Pseudomembranous trigonitis in a male with Klinefelter syndrome: a case report and evidence of a hormonal etiology.

    PubMed

    Lian, Derrick W Q; Li, Fay X; Ong, Caroline C P; Kuick, C H; Chang, Kenneth T E

    2014-01-01

    Klinefelter syndrome is a clinical syndrome with a distinct 47, XXY karyotype. Patients are characterized by a tall eunuchoid stature, small testes, hypergonotrophic hypogonadism, gynecomastia, learning difficulties and infertility. These patients have also been found to have raised estrogen levels. We report a 16 year old boy with Klinefelter syndrome presenting to our institution with gross hematuria. Cystoscopy and biopsy revealed the diagnosis of pseudomembranous trigonitis. Immunohistochemical stains showed an increase in estrogen and progesterone receptors in the trigone area but not in the rest of the bladder. In view of the patient's mildly raised estrogen levels and the histological findings, we postulate that estrogen is the driver of the development of pseudomembranous trigonitis. This is the first reported case of pseudomembranous trigonitis seen in association with Klinefelter syndrome, and also the first case of pseudomembranous trigonitis occurring within the male adolescent age group.

  8. Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Eclipta prostrata L. by LC/MS

    PubMed Central

    Han, Lifeng; Liu, Erwei; Kojo, Agyemang; Zhao, Jing; Li, Wei; Zhang, Yi; Wang, Tao; Gao, Xiumei

    2015-01-01

    Eclipta prostrata L. is one of the Chinese medicinal tonics which are usually used for treating loose teeth, dizziness, tinnitus, hemoptysis, hematuria, and uterine bleeding. However, quality control of this herbal medicine has been not satisfactory. This study reported its qualitative and quantitative analyses based on LC/MS method. UHPLC-DAD-Q-TOF-MS fingerprinting and MS fragmentation cleavage pathway were investigated for qualitative analysis. Furthermore, a method for simultaneous quantitative determination of nine compounds, luteolin 7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, ecliptasaponin C, luteolin, eclalbasaponin IV, apigenin, ecliptasaponin A, echinocystic acid 28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, echinocystic acid, and 3-oxo-16α-hydroxy-olean-12-en-28-oic acid in E. prostrata, was established. The method was validated for samples of E. prostrata from different habitats. The results showed good linear correlation, precision, accuracy, and repeatability that could be used for contents determination of the nine compounds in E. prostrata from different habitats. PMID:25667939

  9. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of Eclipta prostrata L. by LC/MS.

    PubMed

    Han, Lifeng; Liu, Erwei; Kojo, Agyemang; Zhao, Jing; Li, Wei; Zhang, Yi; Wang, Tao; Gao, Xiumei

    2015-01-01

    Eclipta prostrata L. is one of the Chinese medicinal tonics which are usually used for treating loose teeth, dizziness, tinnitus, hemoptysis, hematuria, and uterine bleeding. However, quality control of this herbal medicine has been not satisfactory. This study reported its qualitative and quantitative analyses based on LC/MS method. UHPLC-DAD-Q-TOF-MS fingerprinting and MS fragmentation cleavage pathway were investigated for qualitative analysis. Furthermore, a method for simultaneous quantitative determination of nine compounds, luteolin 7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, ecliptasaponin C, luteolin, eclalbasaponin IV, apigenin, ecliptasaponin A, echinocystic acid 28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, echinocystic acid, and 3-oxo-16α-hydroxy-olean-12-en-28-oic acid in E. prostrata, was established. The method was validated for samples of E. prostrata from different habitats. The results showed good linear correlation, precision, accuracy, and repeatability that could be used for contents determination of the nine compounds in E. prostrata from different habitats.

  10. Medullary Sponge Kidney and Urinary Calculi Aeromedical Concerns

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Jeffrey A.; Cherian, Sebastian F.; Barr, Yael R.; Stocco, Amber

    2008-01-01

    Medullary Sponge Kidney (MSK) is a benign disorder associated with renal stones in 60% of patients. Patients frequently have episodic painless hematuria but are otherwise asymptomatic unless renal calculi or infections complicate the disease. Nephrolithiasis is a relative, but frequently enforced, contraindication to space or other high performance flight. Two case reports of asymptomatic NASA flight crew with MSK and three cases of military aviators diagnosed with MSK are reviewed, all cases resulted in waiver and return to flight status after treatment and a vigorous follow up and prophylaxis protocol. MSK in aviation and space flight necessitates a highly case-by-case dependent evaluation and treatment process to rule out other potential confounding factors that might also contribute to stone formation and in order to re-qualify the aviator for flight duties.

  11. [Vesico-uterine fistulas. Analysis of 19 cases].

    PubMed

    el Moussaoui, A; Aboutaieb, R; Bennani, S; Elmrini, M; Meziane, F; Benjelloun, S

    1994-01-01

    Over a 15 year period (1977-1992), the authors have collected 19 cases of vesico-uterine fistulas. These vesico-uterine fistulas rank in third place of genito-urinary fistulas and occur in young patients (mean age is 30 years). Obstetrical etiology is recognised in .95% of cases (cesarean section and dystocic delivery). Leak of urine is present in 95% of cases, and is isolated in 47% or associated with intermittent hematuria in 48%. Diagnosis of this affection is based upon clinical examination with methylene blue test. Communication between bladder and uterus is proved by the issue of methylene blue through the uterus cervix. This communication may be confirmed by opacification (urography and hysterography). Perfect continence is obtained by surgical treatment. Fertility of these patients is often affected.

  12. Isolated urachal malakoplakia mimicking malignancy

    PubMed Central

    Pakalapati, Saisriharsha; Parachuri, Sanjay; Kakarla, Venkateshwara Rao; Byrappa, Mahesh Babu

    2017-01-01

    Malakoplakia is an unusual inflammatory disease with uncertain pathogenesis affecting any organ in the body, but predominantly genitourinary tract, with specific predilection to the bladder. We report a rare case of isolated malakoplakia of the urachus in a 29-year-old male patient who presented with lower urinary tract symptoms without any hematuria. Investigations revealed sterile pyuria with no bacterial growth in urine. Radiological investigations revealed a mass in the urachal region. The patient underwent cystoscopy with biopsy followed by pelvic lymph node dissection and partial cystectomy with excision of the urachal mass. Histopathological examination of the mass revealed malakoplakia. Postoperative course was uneventful. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first ever case report of isolated urachal malakoplakia without any concomitant malignancy or bladder involvement reported in our country and one of the very few reported worldwide. PMID:28216941

  13. High-grade invasive urothelial carcinoma of the ureter with systematic lymph node metastasis successfully treated by nephroureterectomy followed by chemotherapy

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Zhu-Qing; Zhang, Xi; Xu, Qing

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of high-grade invasive urothelial carcinoma with squamous differentiation of the urinary tract. A 72-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of asymptomatic gross hematuria. A right-sided laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff removal and right-sided pelvic lymphadenectomy were performed at our institution. Postoperative pathological examination showed high-grade urothelial carcinoma with squamous differentiation. Five months later, CT scan of the neck diagnosed it as lymph nodes metastasis. Following the laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy, chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin or nedaplatin was carried out. After several cycles’ chemotherapy, nearly all the enlarged lymph node disappeared. Seven years and five years passed, urothelial carcinoma has not recurred after the surgery and all the lymph node disappeared respectively. PMID:25932275

  14. Bladder Involvement in Stage I Endometriosis.

    PubMed

    Brady, Paula C; Missmer, Stacey A; Laufer, Marc R

    2017-08-01

    Endometriosis-the ectopic implantation of endometrial-like tissue-affects 10% of adolescent females and adults. Bladder involvement, causing dysuria and hematuria, occurs in a very small number of endometriosis patients. The patient presented at age 12 years with dysuria and pelvic pain. Laparoscopy revealed stage I endometriosis. Postoperatively, she reported persistent dysuria and passage of tissue in her urine. Cystoscopy showed diffuse erythema; urine cytology revealed glandular and spindle cells suggestive of endometriosis. She was transitioned from oral contraceptives to an intranasal gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, with symptom resolution. Intravesicular endometriosis coinciding with stage I disease supports a mechanism of endometriosis dissemination other than direct bladder infiltration. Patients with endometriosis who complain of urinary symptoms warrant assessment, because intravesicular bladder involvement cannot be excluded using pelviscopy. Copyright © 2017 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Retroperitoneal fibrosis in three siblings with the sickle cell trait

    PubMed Central

    Phills, James A.; Geggie, Peter; Hidvegi, Robert I.; Oliva, Luis A.

    1973-01-01

    Three West-Indian black siblings with the sickle cell trait developed retroperitoneal fibrosis, a previously unreported association. Other well known renal manifestations associated with the sickle cell trait were also present in some of these cases and included renal medullary necrosis and spontaneous hematuria. It is postulated that the sickling of the erythrocytes in the periureteral vessels resulted in thrombosis, ischemia, reactive scarring and progressive fibrosis indistinguishable from the known histological picture of retroperitoneal fibrosis. The finding of fibrin thrombi in the small veins of the fibrotic tissue of one of these patients would support this explanation. ImagesFIG. 1AFIG. 1BFIG. 2FIG. 3AFIG. 3BFIG. 4AFIG. 4BFIG. 4C PMID:4699274

  16. Spontaneous arterial hemorrhage as a complication of dengue

    PubMed Central

    Rao, Shoma Vinay; Jacob, Gijoe George; Raju, Nithin Abraham; Ancheri, Sneha Ann

    2016-01-01

    Bleeding complications of dengue hemorrhagic fever such as epistaxis, gum bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding, hypermenorrhea, hematuria, and thrombocytopenia have been documented. A 49-year-old female presented with complaints of intermittent high-grade fever for the past 4 days, lower abdominal pain and altered sensorium for 1 day. Laboratory investigations revealed severe anemia, mild thrombocytopenia, hypofibrinogenemia, and positive dengue serology. Emergency ultrasound examination of the abdomen revealed a possible rapidly expanding hematoma from the inferior epigastric artery and suggested urgent computed tomography (CT) angiogram for confirmation of the same. CT angiogram was confirmatory, and patient underwent emergency embolization of the right inferior epigastric artery. We report the first case of inferior epigastric hemorrhage and rectus sheath hematoma as a consequence of dengue. PMID:27275081

  17. [Hemolytic anemias in adults].

    PubMed

    Müller, A; Zimmermann, R; Krause, S W

    2011-11-01

    The erythrocyte lifespan in haemolytic anemia is shortened while erythropoesis is increased. Important labaratory findings are increased reticulocytes, LDH, indirect bilirubin and a decreased haptoglobin level. The most important diagnostic tool for further work up of hemolytic anemia is the direct antiglobulin test (DAT, Coombs test) to differentiate autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) from other causes. Another important group are fragmentation syndroms (hemolytic uremic syndrome and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura). In these forms of haemolytic anemia fragmented red blood cells can be found in the blood smear together with thrombocytopenia. A severe problem in paroxysmal nocturnal hematuria is the incidence of thrombosis. The following review describes the most important forms of hemolytic anemia in the adult and the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

  18. [Teratogenicity study of sodium chlorite in rats by oral administration].

    PubMed

    Sakemi, K; Usami, M; Kurebayashi, H; Ohno, Y

    1999-01-01

    The teratogenicity of sodium chlorite (NaClO2) was assessed in Wistar rats (Crj: Wistar). Sodium chlorite dissolved in distilled water was given to pregnant Wistar rats by gavage once a day from day 6 through 15 of pregnancy at doses of 0, 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg/day. The pregnant rats were sacrificed on day 20 of pregnancy, and their fetuses were examined for malformations. Sodium chlorite caused decreased food consumption, anemia, sedation, hematuria, and death in the pregnant rats at 100 mg/kg, but no fetal effects, such as malformations or growth retardation, were observed even at 100 mg/kg. It was concluded that sodium chlorite has no teratogenicity in rats when administered orally. The no-observed-adverse-effect level was 50 mg/kg/day for pregnant rats and 100 mg/kg/day or more for rat fetuses.

  19. [Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder in adolescents: a diagnosis to bear in mind].

    PubMed

    Ruiz, Eduardo; Alarcón Caba, Martín; Toselli, Luzia; Moldes, Juan; Ormaechea, María; de Badiola, Francisco; Christiansen, Silvia

    2009-02-01

    Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder has a high incidence in adults, but it is uncommon in children and adolescents. Hematuria is the most common symptom of presentation and vesical ecography the preferred diagnostic method. The diagnosis and treatment is performed with cystoscopy and endoscopic resection. We describe two patients: an 18 years old male, who presented with a pediculated tumor on the posterior bladder wall and a 15 years old female with a 1 cm long tumor on the posterior wall too; both were removed under endoscopic control. In both patients superficial transitional cell carcinoma was the final diagnosis and are disease free 3 and 5 years later. A review of the available literature was performed to clarify if this type of tumors must be considered malignant and try to define how long and by which way these patients must be controlled.

  20. Renal angiomyoadenomatous tumour.

    PubMed

    Jayalakshmy, P S; Jose, Merin; Feroze, M; Kumar, Rajesh K

    2017-09-01

    Renal angiomyoadenomatous tumour is a newly described rare neoplasm. This tumour is characterised microscopically by admixture of three components- epithelial cells arranged in tubules and nests, angiomyomatous stroma and capillary sized interconnecting vascular channels in close association with the epithelial cell clusters. Microscopically it has wide range of differential diagnoses which include mixed epithelial and stromal tumour of kidney, angiomyolipoma and clear cell renal cell carcinoma with angiomyolipomatous/angiomyoadenomatous areas. Renal angiomyoadenomatous tumour should be differentiated from these tumours. Till now, only 10 cases have been reported in English medical literature. Here, we are reporting a case of renal angiomyoadenomatous tumour in a 29 year- old female patient who presented with hematuria and low backache and describing its main features so as to differentiate this entity from other renal tumours. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case to be reported from India.

  1. [Late effects following curative radiotherapy for prostate cancer].

    PubMed

    Fokdal, Lars U; Høyer, Morten

    2005-09-12

    In this study we report late bladder, gastrointestinal and sexual dysfunctions in 23 patients following radical radiotherapy (66Gy-70Gy/33-35fx, 5 fx/week) for prostate cancer. We interviewed the subjects by telephone and compared the results with those of 45 healthy population controls. In general, the patients' bladder function was well preserved. However, compared with the population controls, significantly more patients reported dysuria and hematuria. Twenty-six percent of the patients reported moderate distress from the gastrointestinal tract. Fecal urgency, incontinence and the use of sanitary pads, as well as diarrhoea, and blood and mucous were significantly more common among the patients. Thirty-nine percent of the patients reported moderate or worse distress upon sexual activity, and significantly more patients suffered from erectile impotence.

  2. Henoch-Schönlein purpura due to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia from central venous catheterization.

    PubMed

    Uggeri, Simona; Fabbian, Fabio; Catizone, Luigi

    2008-06-01

    A 69-year-old Caucasian man was admitted to our hospital because of myocardial infarction. A central venous catheter (CVC) for infusive therapy was inserted. After two weeks he developed fever, purpura, and knee arthralgia. Hemoculture yielded methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. Subsequently, oliguric renal failure, hematuria, and nephrotic range proteinuria were recorded. Renal biopsy showed mesangial proliferation and crescent formation. In an immunofluorescence study, IgA, IgG, and C3 deposition in the mesangium and along arteriolar walls were observed. A diagnosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura associated with infection caused by CVC was made. After administration of antibiotic and steroid therapy, proteinuria was markedly reduced, renal function improved, and purpura disappeared. The association of HSP with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has frequently been reported in the literature. We present here a case of HSP in association with MSSA bacteremia from central venous catheterization, a finding not reported previously.

  3. Visceral leishmaniasis in a patient with sicca syndrome and nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Kaaroud, H; Mhibik, S; B Ji, S; Moussa, F Ben; Abdallah, T Ben; Maiz, H Ben

    2003-01-01

    A 63-year-old woman presented with severe volume depletion and pre-renal azotemia. She had xerostomia, xerophthalmia and cervical lymhadenopathy. Urine examination revealed proteinuria, hematuria and glycosuria. Laboratory studies, after volume repletion, revealed hyper-gammaglobulinemia. Renal biopsy showed interstitial nephropathy and salivary-gland biopsy showed glandular atrophy and diffuse fibrosis. Diagnosis of leishmaniasis was established by bone marrow examination and serology. The patient was treated with pentavalent antimonial (Glucantime) with an excellent response. The treatment, however, had to be interrupted because of transient nephrotoxicity. After a break of four weeks, the antimonial was reinstituted with no more side effects. Both the sicca syndrome and the nephropathy responded very well to the treatment at nine months follow-up. In this case the presentation of visceral leishmaniasis was atypical, probably because of the partially suppressed immunity. The clue to the diagnosis was the polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia.

  4. [Emphysematous pyelonephritis. Two cases].

    PubMed

    Cherif, Lotfi; Khiari, Karima; Ben Abdallah, Néjib; Kourda, Nédia; Kaaroud, Hayet; Ali, Inçaf Hadj; Lakhoua, Youssef; Ben Hmida, Fethi; El Younsi, Fethi; Friaa, Slaheddine; Sfaxi, Mohamed; Ben Moussa, Fatma; Ben Jilani, Sarrah; Ayed, Mohsen; Ben Maïz, Hédi

    2005-10-01

    The emphysematous pyelonephritis is a rare and severe renal infection characterized by the presence of gas in renal parenchyma and its perirenal spaces. We report two cases of emphysematous pyelonephritis in two diabetic women (53 and 50 years old respectively). In the first case, the treatment was based on nephrectomy because of the presence of a septic shock and three risk factors, which are acute renal failure, hematuria and thrombopenia. In the second case, the treatment was only medical. The evolution was favorable in the two cases. We insist in this article that this diagnosis should be considered in every female diabetic patient having severe acute pyelonephritis resistant to a well-conducted medical treatment.

  5. A Novel Mutation in a Japanese Family with X-linked Alport Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Abe, Yoshifusa; Iyoda, Masayuki; Nozu, Kandai; Hibino, Satoshi; Hihara, Kei; Yamaguchi, Yutaka; Yamamura, Tomohiko; Minamikawa, Shogo; Iijima, Kazumoto; Shibata, Takanori; Itabashi, Kazuo

    2016-01-01

    We herein report a novel mutation in a Japanese family with an X-linked Alport syndrome (AS) mutation in COL4A5. Patient 1 was a 2-year-old Japanese girl. She and her mother (patient 2) had a history of proteinuria and hematuria without renal dysfunction, deafness, or ocular abnormalities. Pathological findings were consistent with AS, and a genetic analysis revealed that both patients had a heterozygous mutation (c.2767G>C) in exon 32. In summary, the identification of mutations and characteristic pathological findings was useful in making a diagnosis of AS. For a close long-term follow-up, the early detection and treatment of women with X-linked AS are important. PMID:27725546

  6. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the kidney: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Inflammatory pseudotumors, also known as inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors, are uncommon benign tumors of unknown etiology which may develop at several anatomical sites. In the urogenital tract, inflammatory pseudotumor usually affects the urinary bladder or the prostate. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the kidney is very rare. It is considered as a reactive inflammatory lesion that features very good prognosis. Case presentation We present the case of a 57-year-old Moroccan man who presented with a two-month history of gross hematuria and left lumbar pain. Imaging investigations revealed a left kidney mass and pathological examination of the nephrectomy specimen showed an inflammatory pseudotumor. Conclusion As the preoperative definitive diagnosis of such a tumor is not possible, surgery is advised because only pathological examination of the nephrectomy specimen can establish the diagnosis with certainty. From one case report and literature review, the authors suggest a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for the management of this rare tumor. PMID:21864369

  7. Tumefactive intramural gossypiboma of the urinary bladder mimicking an invasive adnexal malignancy

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Shivi; Verma, Ashish; Jain, Madhu; Trivedi, Sameer; Shukla, Ram C; Srivastava, Arvind

    2015-01-01

    A surgical swab retained in the body after surgery is known as ‘Gossypiboma’. The purpose of this report is to highlight an intramural vesical gossypiboma mimicking an invasive adnexal malignancy. A 28-year-old multiparous, with open-tubal ligation three years ago, presented with painless hematuria and a nontender mass on vaginal examination. USG suggested ‘pelvic endometriosis’ infiltrating into the bladder and cystoscopy showed no intraluminal extension of the mass. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) misdiagnosed it as invasive malignancy of the fallopian tube. Exploratory laparotomy found it to be an intramural vesical gossypiboma. A pelvic gossypiboma infiltrating into the wall of the urinary bladder may easily be misinterpreted as an invasive pelvic malignancy on imaging and may make one consider unwarranted radical surgery. PMID:25969644

  8. IgA nephropathy in adults: immunohistologic findings and clinical course

    PubMed Central

    Parai, Sushil Kumar; Ghose, Tarunendu

    1985-01-01

    Laboratory examination of specimens from 123 consecutive renal biopsies performed at Victoria General Hospital, Halifax revealed six cases of mesangial deposition, predominantly of IgA, unassociated with systemic disorders. Immunohistologic examination showed deposits of only IgA in one specimen, IgA and IgG in two and IgA, IgG and IgM in three. Glomerular deposits of C3 were seen in five of the specimens, and properdin was seen in three. Glomeruli in all the specimens showed increased matrix and increased numbers of cells in the mesangium. Electron microscopy revealed deposits in the mesangium or capillary wall in all five of the specimens so studied. All six patients had proteinuria, four had microscopic hematuria, and three had hypertension; in one patient the disease progressed to renal failure. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2 PMID:3891058

  9. Fibrillary glomerulonephritis presenting as crescentic glomerulonephritis

    PubMed Central

    Shah, H. H.; Thakkar, J.; Pullman, J. M.; Mathew, A. T.

    2017-01-01

    Fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) is a rare primary glomerular disease that commonly presents clinically with hypertension, proteinuria, microscopic hematuria, and varying degree of renal insufficiency. Histologically, FGN can present with different patterns of glomerular injury, more commonly mesangioproliferative, membranoproliferative, and membranous nephropathy. While crescent formation has been described in some kidney biopsy series of FGN, crescentic glomerulonephritis pattern of glomerular injury has been rarely described. Optimal therapy and outcomes in FGN presenting with crescentic GN is not currently known. We report an adult patient who presented with massive proteinuria and severe renal failure. The kidney biopsy revealed crescentic FGN (C-FGN). The patient remained dialysis dependent despite immunosuppressive therapy. We also briefly review FGN, and the few reported cases of C-FGN that presented as rapidly progressive or advanced renal failure in the literature. PMID:28356674

  10. Papillary thyroid carcinoma-like tumor of the kidney: a case report.

    PubMed

    Khoja, Hatim A; Almutawa, Abdulmonem; Binmahfooz, Ali; Aslam, Muhammad; Ghazi, Abdullah A; Almaiman, Sara

    2012-08-01

    Thyroid carcinoma-like tumor of the kidney is an extremely rare variant of renal cell carcinoma. Most previously reported cases were incidental finding; and none of them showed papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) nuclear features. This study reports the first case of PTC (follicular variant)-like tumor of the kidney in which a female patient presented with hematuria, weight loss, and flank pain. Imaging studies revealed a left renal mass with enlarged hilar lymph nodes. Histologically, the renal tumor had a striking resemblance to follicular variant of PTC. However, no radiological abnormalities were found in the thyroid, mediastinum, or pelvis. Tumor cells were negative for thyroid markers (thyroglobulin and TTF1). According to the authors, this is the first case of PTC (follicular variant)-like tumor of the kidney.

  11. Thoracic vertebral hemangioma causing paraplegia in Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome: case report.

    PubMed

    Okutan, Ozerk; Yildirim, Timur; Isik, Serdar; Gokce, Berna; Saygili, Barıs; Konakli, Ethem Bes

    2013-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas are the most common tumours of the vertebral column. Generally, these tumours are asymptomatic but some patients complain of back pain and develop neurologic symptoms due to extraosseous extension. Vertebral hemangiomas can extend extradurally causing neurological impairment as a result of compression of the spinal cord and nerve roots. Vertebral hemangiomas may be multiple and detectable as a component of the Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome. Although this syndrome consists of deep venous thrombosis, lymphatic anomalies, cutaneous capillary malformations, and hypertrophy of soft tissue and bone on extremities, its clinical presentation may be very variable. We present a unique case of vertebral hemangioma causing spinal cord compression due to the extradural extension that also had deep venous thrombosis, hematuria, hypophyseal cyst and ventricle asymmetry, diagnosed as the Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome.

  12. Hypoplasia renum: a comparative study of diagnosis, clinical course and management.

    PubMed

    Cieśliński, S; Miekoś, E

    1975-01-01

    Twenty patients with hypoplastic kidney (12 men and 8 women, left kidney in 13 cases, right kidney in 7 cases) were observed between 1961 and 1971. The age of the patients ranged from 14 to 60 years. The anomaly predominated (65% of the patients) in the third and fourth decades of life; in this age the diagnosis of the true nature of the condition was often due to complications requiring examination. Carefully taken history and complete radiological survey are essential for the recognition. The value and characteristic features yielded by particular investigation are discussed. In 8 patients clincial diganosis was confirmed at operation. Most common complications of hypoplastic kidney included hypertension, lithiasis, hydronephrosis, pyelonephritis and periodic hematuria. In 9 pateints (4 women and 5 men) renal hypoplasia was associated with other anomalies of the genitourinary tract.

  13. Sister Mary Joseph nodule as the presenting sign of disseminated prostate carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Deb, Prabal; Rai, Radhey Shyam; Rai, Rahul; Gupta, Ekawali; Chander, Yogesh

    2009-01-01

    Sister Mary Joseph's nodule is referred to as metastasis of visceral malignancy to the umbilicus. Most common primaries are in the gastrointestinal or genital tract, while other locations are rare. We recently encountered a 76-year-old male who was referred to the surgery clinic with an erythematous nodule in the umbilicus measuring 6 cm in diameter with complaints of painless profuse hematuria. History revealed severe obstructive voiding symptoms of 2-year duration, along with significant loss of weight and difficulty in walking. A detailed examination showed hard nodular hepatomegaly, along with grade IV prostatomegaly. Serum prostate-specific antigen was 3069 ng/ml. A pelvic radiograph displayed multiple osteolytic lesions, while ultrasonography showed multiple iso- and hypoechoic lesions in both lobes of the liver, suggestive of metastasis. Histopathology of a Tru-cut biopsy of the prostate confirmed an adenocarcinoma (Gleason score 9) with umbilical metastasis. The patient was on regular follow-up and died 3 months later.

  14. Vesical varices and telangiectasias in a patient with ataxia telangiectasia.

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Koichi; Tsugawa, Koji; Oki, Eishin; Morio, Tomohiro; Ito, Etsuro; Tanaka, Hiroshi

    2008-06-01

    A Japanese boy with ataxia telangiectasia (AT) developed severe gross hematuria and recurrent bladder tamponade, requiring an extensive blood transfusion. He had received intermittent intravenous cyclophosphamide pulse therapy (cumulative dose of 1.3 g) for refractory steroid-resistant and intravenous immunoglobulin-resistant severe autoimmune thrombocytopenia 3 years previously. A cystoscopy revealed multiple varices and severe telangiectasias in the bladder wall. The intensive treatment, such as repeatedly selective embolization of the vesical arteries, proved to be partially effective. Finally, a surgical cystotomy resulted in a gradual improvement in clinical symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with AT who developed refractory bladder hemorrhage caused by widespread vesical telangiectasias.

  15. A unique case of kidney’s collecting system MALT lymphoma

    PubMed Central

    Asgari, Seyed Alaeddin; Aval, Hamidreza Baghani; Asgari, Seyed Ali; Kheradmand, Keyvan

    2014-01-01

    Low-grade B cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphomas) are mostly seen in the gastrointestinal tract. MALT lymphomas involving kidney are extremely rare. We report on a case of MALT lymphomas of the kidney. A 74-year-old woman presented with an episode of gross hematuria and right flank pain. In renal sonography, we found a hypoecho lesion measuring 61 × 58 × 44 mm in the lower pole of right kidney. A computed tomography scan revealed an enlarged hypodense soft tissue measuring 62 × 42 × 37 mm within the pelvic brim of the right kidney, with extension to the proximal portion of the ipsilateral ureter and engulfed it. The patient underwent a right radical nephrectomy. The pathology specimen indicated a lymphoprolifrative disorder involving the kidney and ureter. To obtain a definitive diagnosis, we used an immunohistochemistry, which confirmed the diagnosis of a MALT lymphoma. PMID:24678358

  16. A unique case of kidney's collecting system MALT lymphoma.

    PubMed

    Asgari, Seyed Alaeddin; Aval, Hamidreza Baghani; Asgari, Seyed Ali; Kheradmand, Keyvan

    2014-01-01

    Low-grade B cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphomas) are mostly seen in the gastrointestinal tract. MALT lymphomas involving kidney are extremely rare. We report on a case of MALT lymphomas of the kidney. A 74-year-old woman presented with an episode of gross hematuria and right flank pain. In renal sonography, we found a hypoecho lesion measuring 61 × 58 × 44 mm in the lower pole of right kidney. A computed tomography scan revealed an enlarged hypodense soft tissue measuring 62 × 42 × 37 mm within the pelvic brim of the right kidney, with extension to the proximal portion of the ipsilateral ureter and engulfed it. The patient underwent a right radical nephrectomy. The pathology specimen indicated a lymphoprolifrative disorder involving the kidney and ureter. To obtain a definitive diagnosis, we used an immunohistochemistry, which confirmed the diagnosis of a MALT lymphoma.

  17. Positive Impact of Eculizumab Therapy on Surgery for Budd-Chiari Syndrome in a Patient with Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria and a Long-Term History of Thrombosis

    PubMed Central

    De-la-Iglesia, Silvia; Luzardo, Hugo; Lemes, Angelina; Torres, Melissa; Gómez-Casares, Maria Teresa; Cruz, Naylen; Molero, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is associated with severe end-organ damage and a high risk of thrombosis. Budd-Chiari syndrome, which develops after thrombotic occlusion of major hepatic blood vessels, is relatively common in PNH and has been associated with increased mortality. We report the case of a 46-year-old male with PNH who presented with Budd-Chiari syndrome associated with portal cavernoma, portal hypertension and hypersplenism. In September 2010, the patient suffered gastrointestinal bleeding, hematuria, and elevated plasma lactate dehydrogenase; he started eculizumab therapy with a good response. In October 2012, he developed upper gastrointestinal variceal bleeding and a splenorenal shunt was placed. At the time of writing, the patient remains stable and eculizumab continues to be effective. There is limited data on the use of eculizumab for prevention of hemolysis and its consequences in PNH patients undergoing surgery. Our findings provide evidence for the efficacy and safety of eculizumab in this setting. PMID:27757214

  18. Deep pelvic endometriosis: a radiologist's guide to key imaging features with clinical and histopathologic review.

    PubMed

    Darvishzadeh, Ayeh; McEachern, Wendaline; Lee, Thomas K; Bhosale, Priya; Shirkhoda, Ali; Menias, Christine; Lall, Chandana

    2016-12-01

    While endometriosis typically affects the ovaries, deep infiltrating endometriosis can affect the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, and deep pelvis, awareness of which is important for radiologists. Symptoms are nonspecific and can range from chronic abdominal and deep pelvic pain to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, hematuria, and rectal bleeding. Ultrasound and computed tomography may show nonspecific soft-tissue density masses causing bowel obstruction and hydronephrosis. This constellation of presenting symptoms and imaging evidence is easily mistaken for other pathologies including infectious gastroenteritis, diverticulitis, appendicitis, and malignancy, which may lead to unnecessary surgery or mismanagement. With this, deep pelvic endometriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis in a female patient of reproductive age who presents with such atypical symptoms, and further work up with magnetic resonance imaging is imperative for accurate diagnosis, treatment selection, and preoperative planning.

  19. Micropapillary carcinoma of the urinary bladder: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Trabelsi, Amel; Stita, Wided; Soumaya, Rammeh; Mestiri, Sarra; Jaidene, Mehdi; Mokni, Moncef; Korbi, Sadok

    2008-10-01

    Micropapillary carcinoma is an uncommon variant of urothelial carcinoma with high metastatic potential. The presence of micropapillary carcinoma component in bladder biopsies should alert urologists to its aggressive behaviour. We report the case of a 70-year-old man who presented with macroscopic hematuria lasting 2 weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a bladder tumour in the dome area extended to perivascular adipose. The transurethral biopsy showed a high-grade micropapillary carcinoma with muscle invasion. Radical cystectomy with lymph node dissection was then performed. The pathological examination revealed a high-grade purely micropapillary carcinoma invading the perivesical adipose. No tumour recurrence or metastasis were reported at the 6-month follow-up.

  20. Primary Carcinoid Tumor of the Ileal Efferent Limb of an Ileovesicostomy: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Mellis, Adamantios M.; Parker, Daniel C.; Buethe, David D.; Slobodov, Gennady

    2011-01-01

    We report on the evaluation and management of a 47-year-old white male found to have primary carcinoid tumor of the ileal segment of his diverting ileovesicostomy thirty-five months after initial creation. Subsequent to presentation with intermittent gross hematuria, CT urogram highlights an 8 mm enhancing lesion near the enterovesical junction of urinary diversion. Office cystoscopy confirms presence of a lesion that was later endoscopically resected and found to be a well-differentiated carcinoid tumor. Evaluation with serum markers, direct visualization utilizing endoscopy, and imaging was without finding of alternate primary or metastatic lesions. The patient ultimately had the proximal ileal portion of his ileovesicostomy excised and the distal portion converted into an ileal conduit. After briefly discussing the carcinoid tumor and the carcinoid syndrome it may cause, we review the literature on the incidence of carcinoid tumors in a population requiring the use of intestine in the urinary tract. PMID:22606607

  1. Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma in Ectopic Pelvic Kidney.

    PubMed

    Halalsheh, Omar; Ghawanmeh, Hamzeh M; Alshammari, Ahmed; Sahawneh, Firas; Al-Okour, Radwan; Al Karasneh, Anas; Ghawanmeh, Malik

    2017-02-01

    Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UC) is an uncommon tumor. Ectopic kidney is also a rare entity. The combination of these two conditions is very rare. A 49-year-old male complained of right flank pain with hematuria. On CT scan he was found to have a malrotated right kidney with soft tissue seen in the upper calyceal group and a normal left kidney. Diagnostic cystoscopy was unremarkable. Radical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision was performed. Pathology report revealed low grade urothelial carcinoma. Patient's symptoms disappeared postoperatively. Follow up showed no recurrence during the first two years in the bladder and upper tract in the contralateral kidney. Isolated UC of ectopic kidney is rare disease three cases were reported in literature. Although treatment of this tumor can be challenging due to its complex blood supply and position inside the pelvis, treatment strategy is still similar as for orthotopic kidneys.

  2. A rare case of malignant paraganglioma of urinary bladder.

    PubMed

    Shah, Vinaya B; Bhandare, Amit T

    2015-01-01

    Paraganglioma of the urinary bladder is a rare pathologic entity with no definitive histological, immunohistochemical or molecular features to determine its malignant potential. Malignancy is essentially determined by the presence of deep local invasion, invasion of adjacent structures and lymph node or distant metastases. So far, up to 180 cases of paraganglioma have been reported, with <30 being malignant. A 50-year-old male presented with painless hematuria for 6 months. Cystoscopic biopsy of the bladder mass was given as invasive urothelial carcinoma. Patient underwent radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy. The gross morphological brown discoloration of mass on formalin fixation was suspicious of paraganglioma and was confirmed on immunohistochemistry. The diagnosis of malignant paraganglioma was made based on regional lymph node metastases. We describe a rare case of a patient with malignant urinary bladder paraganglioma with main differential diagnostic considerations on the histomorphology.

  3. Metastatic malignant melanoma of the urinary bladder: A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Topal, Cumhur Selcuk; Kır, Gözde; Daş, Taner; Sarbay, Billur; Tosun, Muzaffer İlkay

    2016-01-01

    Metastatic bladder tumors constitute <5% of all bladder tumors and metastatic malignant melanoma of the urinary bladder is very rare. We present a case report of a metastatic malignant melanoma of the urinary bladder. A 70-year-old woman without any apparent significant clinical history was admitted to the Department of Urology for gross hematuria. Microscopic findings of the transurethral resection specimen revealed fascicles, sheets, and diffuse areas composed of oval and fusiform cells with focal pigmentation. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the tumor cells were positive for human melanoma black-45, Melan-A, and S100, and negative for pancytokeratin. Subsequently, we contacted the patient and learned that she was admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology for painless and progressive visual field loss 15 years ago. She had been diagnosed with a primary ocular (uveal) melanoma. A detailed patient history coupled with histological and immunohistochemical findings were necessary to make the final diagnosis of metastatic melanoma.

  4. Bladder tumours in children: An interesting case report of TCC with a partial inverted growth pattern.

    PubMed

    El Rahman, Davide Abed; Salvo, Giuseppe; Palumbo, Carlotta; Rocco, Bernardo; Rocco, Francesco

    2014-09-30

    Bladder urothelial carcinoma is typically a disease of older individuals and rarely occurs below the age of 40 years. There is debate and uncertainty in the literature regarding the clinicopathologic and prognostic characteristics of bladder urothelial neoplasms in younger patients compared with older patients, although no consistent age criteria have been used to define "younger" age group categories. We report on a 16 years old girl with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with a partial inverted growth pattern who presented with gross hematuria. Ultrasonography revealed a papillary lesion in the bladder; cystoscopic evaluation showed a 15 mm papillary lesion with a thick stalk located in the left bladder wall. Pathologic evaluation of the specimen was reported as "low grade transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with a partial inverted growth pattern".

  5. Clinical and Radiological Evaluation of Turmeric Powder as a Pulpotomy Medicament in Primary Teeth: An in vivo Study

    PubMed Central

    Bhatt, Manohar; Purohit, Kanchan; Acharya, Jitendra; Kumar, Rajesh; Garg, Rakesh

    2017-01-01

    Many plants with biological and antimicrobiological properties have been studied since there has been a relevant increase in the incidence of antibiotic overuse and misuse. In dentistry, phytomedicines have been used as anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, analgesic, and sedative agents. Turmeric is used extensively in foods for its flavor and color, as well as having a long tradition of use in the Chinese and Ayurvedic systems of medicine, particularly as an anti-inflammatory and for the treatment of flatulence, jaundice, menstrual difficulties, hematuria, hemorrhage, and colic. This article studies ahead with a new idea of using powdered turmeric as a material of pulpotomy procedure in primary teeth. How to cite this article Purohit RN, Bhatt M, Purohit K, Acharya J, Kumar R, Garg R. Clinical and Radiological Evaluation of Turmeric Powder as a Pulpotomy Medicament in Primary Teeth: An in vivo Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):37-40. PMID:28377653

  6. [First case of primary IgA glomerulonephritis (Berger's disease) in Senegal].

    PubMed

    Diouf, B; Diao, M; Niang, A; Ka, E F; Moreira Diop, T

    1999-01-01

    Berger's disease or IgA glomerulonephritis is the most common glomerular nephropathy in Europe and represent a rare event in blacks. Here, we describe the case of a 43 years old black Senegalese whose disease was discovered while investigating a persistent proteinuria with high blood pressure and chronic renal failure, but without hematuria. We point out the uncommon feature of this clinical presentation and the importance of bad prognostic factors presented by this patient. We obtained a good outcome by means of converting enzyme inhibitors and corticosteroid therapies: regression of renal failure and normalization of blood pressure. The generalization of renal biopsy practice would lead to a better knowledge of the incidence of this disease among Senegalese people. Indeed, renal biopsy is the main tool to diagnose glomerulonephritis and subsequently adapt the therapy aimed at preventing the possible evolution to end stage renal disease.

  7. IgA nephropathy: Henoch-Schönlein purpura and Berger's disease in one patient.

    PubMed

    Thorner, P S; Farine, M; Arbus, G S; Poucell, S; Baumal, R

    1986-01-01

    A patient is described who had an attack of Henoch-Schönlein purpura with no renal dysfunction at 4 years of age. She recovered with conservative management. There were no further episodes of Henoch-Schönlein purpura and her urinalysis remained normal for the next 11 years. At age 15, she developed repeated bouts of gross hematuria and proteinuria, and a renal biopsy was performed 3 years later. Light microscopy showed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis with granular, mesangial deposits of IgA by immunofluorescence and numerous, electron-dense deposits in mesangial regions by electron microscopy. These findings were consistent with a diagnosis of Berger's disease. The occurrence of Henoch-Schönlein purpura at 4 years and Berger's disease at 15 years in the same patient suggests that these two conditions are related.

  8. [A case of chronic schistosomiasis four years after infestation].

    PubMed

    Pedalino, M; Vercesi, E; Manini, C; Piras, D; Di Primio, O G; Vella, R; Marino, G

    2010-01-01

    Authors present a case of bilharziosis incidentally diagnosed in a patient undergoing TURB for suspected bladder cancer. The patient, who in 2005 had gone to Malaysia, had been suffering from recurrent hemorrhagic cystitis since 2007, which were treated with antibiotic therapy. In November 2009 he presented to our observation for persistent hematuria, underwent ultrasound examination, fibroscopy and TURB diagnostics for suspicious lesions. The histopathology diagnosis found granulomatous lesions with typical parasites eggs due to schistosomiasis eggs. As a consequence of that, the patient underwent medical therapy. The pathologist's role becomes nullifying not only for the diagnosis of parasitic infections but also for the exclusion or evidence of urothelial squamous neoplasia. The low incidence of this rare parasitic disease in European tourists and the presence of immigrants in our country require to spread the knowledge of these parasites and the most simple tests for early detection.

  9. Oncocytoma of the adrenal gland medulla.

    PubMed

    Chisté, Marcela; Poppiti, Robert J; Bianco, Fernando J

    2013-02-01

    We report an unprecedented case of an oncocytoma of the adrenal gland medulla in a 61-year-old woman. The patient presented with right flank pain and hematuria. Computed tomographic studies revealed a right adrenal gland mass that measured 2 cm, which was subsequently excised laparoscopically. Grossly, the tumor in the medulla measured 1.9 × 1.2 cm, weighed 5 g, and had a solid tan-brown cut surface. Histologically, it consisted of large tumor cells containing eosinophilic granular cytoplasm arranged in trabecular and nodular patterns. Electron microscopy revealed closely packed mitochondria in the cytoplasm of almost all tumor cells. The tumor cells were immunohistochemically positive for vimentin. The patient resumed usual activities 2 weeks after surgery, and at 6-month follow-up, she is doing well. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis: rapidly progressive necrotizing glomerulonephritis in a pediatric patient

    PubMed Central

    Luna, Mariana; Bocanegra, Victoria; Vallés, Patricia G

    2014-01-01

    Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is associated with a broad range of clinical manifestations including renal disease. It is a systemic vasculitis that is rarely encountered in children. We present a 14-year-old girl who suffered from pharyngitis 1 week before admittance to hospital. She was admitted for macroscopic hematuria and oliguria, under the possibility of nephritic syndrome. Renal failure with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis occurred within 24 hours. Immunologic tests showed the presence of type-C anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (c-ANCA with antiproteinase 3 specificity) and renal biopsy revealed pauci-immune crescentic focal necrotizing glomerulonephritis. Treatment including methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide intravenous pulses allowed renal recovery after 3 weeks. The clinical, hematological, and biochemical parameters improved substantially, achieving remission. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis, although rare in children, should be considered in the above clinical scenario. This case underlines that knowledge of renal histology diagnosis and early aggressive immunosuppressive therapy are essential for the management of these patients. PMID:24790466

  11. Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome: a rare entity with a rare presentation in need of multidisciplinary management

    PubMed Central

    Aw, Lin Da; Zain, Murizah M.; Esteves, Sandro C.; Humaidan, Peter

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Main findings: A typical male looking adolescent with a legal female gender assignment presented with haematuria. Investigations led to the diagnosis of Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome. The condition is indeed a rare entity that needs a multidisciplinary team management. Case hypothesis: A case of Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome undiagnosed at birth because karyotyping was defaulted, thus resulting in a significant impact on the legal gender assignment and psychosocial aspects. Promising future implications: The reporting of this case is important to create awareness due to its rarity coupled with the rare presentation with hematuria as a possible masquerade to menstruation. There were not only medical implications, but also psychosocial and legal connotations requiring a holistic multidisciplinary management. PMID:27532119

  12. Unusual Presentation of Bladder Paraganglioma: Comparison of (131)I MIBG SPECT/CT and (68)Ga DOTANOC PET/CT.

    PubMed

    Jain, Tarun Kumar; Basher, Rajender Kumar; Gupta, Nitin; Shukla, Jaya; Singh, Shrawan Kumar; Mittal, Bhagwant Rai

    2016-01-01

    Extraadrenal chromaffin cell-related tumors or paragangliomas are rare, especially in the bladder, accounting for less than 1% of cases. We report a 16-year-old boy who presented with hematuria and paroxysmal headache and was found to have a prostatic growth infiltrating the urinary bladder on anatomical imaging. Iodine-131 ((131)I) metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) whole-body scanning and subsequently gallium-68 ((68)Ga) DOTANOC positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) were performed. The MIBG scan revealed a non-tracer-avid soft-tissue mass, while DOTANOC PET/CT revealed a tracer-avid primary soft-tissue mass involving the urinary bladder and prostate with metastasis to the iliac lymph nodes. He underwent surgical management; histopathology of the surgical specimen revealed a bladder paraganglioma, whereas the prostate was found to be free of tumor.

  13. Seminoma presenting as a polypoid bladder mass: a case report.

    PubMed

    Alsolamı, Afaf; Alotaıbı, Mohammed; Bazarbashı, Shouki; Almutawa, Abdulmonem; Akhtar, Mohammed

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of extragonadal seminoma presenting as a polypoid mass in the urinary bladder. The patient presented with two months history of hematuria. Evaluation by CT scan and cystoscopic examination revealed a polypoid mass in the base of the bladder. Biopsy of the mass revealed a classical type of seminoma. The diagnosis of seminoma was supported by strong immunostaining of the tumor cells for C-Kit and placental alkaline phosphatase. Thorough physical examination and radiologic imaging of other organ systems failed to reveal any other tumor. Both testes were found to be normal on examination and on ultrasound imaging. Patient responded well to chemotherapy. This case is unique because to the best of our knowledge there are no previously reported cases in the literature with seminoma presenting as a bladder mass.

  14. Spontaneous, idiopathic urinary bladder perforation--case report.

    PubMed

    Wieloch, Maria; Bazylińska, Kamila; Ziemniak, Piotr

    2013-12-01

    Spontaneous, idiopathic urinary bladder rupture is a very rare disease entity, which may face the problem of proper preoperative diagnosis. In many cases the medical history, physical examination, and additional tests raise false suspicion of gastrointestinal perforation. The study presented a case of a female patient with spontaneous urinary bladder perforation, paying particular attention to the diagnostic difficulties associated with the above-mentioned pathology. The aim of the study was to analyse the presence of symptoms and imaging and laboratory results observed in case of spontaneous urinary bladder rupture, as well as differentiate the above-mentioned pathology with gastrointestinal perforation. Whenever diagnosing a patient with acute peritonitis symptoms, in whom the predominating symptoms include sudden abdominal pain, peritoneal cavity fluid presence, hematuria, oliguria, and coexisting increased urea, creatinine, and potassium levels, one should consider the possibility of urinary bladder rupture.

  15. Pediatric urologic emergencies and urgencies.

    PubMed

    Leslie, Jeffrey A; Cain, Mark P

    2006-06-01

    The more common urologic problems seen in infancy and childhood that require urgent or emergent pediatric urologic referral are discussed, including a brief description of the usual presenting signs or symptoms, differential diagnoses, proper diagnostic work-up recommended before or at the time of referral, and the usual therapeutic course of management after evaluation by the urologist. These conditions include the acutely swollen scrotum, scrotal masses, penile swelling and erythema, exstrophy, hematuria, urinary retention, abdominal masses, and various genital abnormalities including interlabial masses, hypospadias with any degree of cryptorchidism, and ambiguous genitalia. This article is designed to provide the primary care practitioner with a focused review and a useful resource for managing children who have genitourinary abnormalities in the hospital or clinic setting.

  16. The role of ultrasonography for diagnosis the renal masses in children. Pictorial essay.

    PubMed

    Fufezan, Otilia; Asavoaie, Carmen; Blag, Cristina; Popa, Gheorge

    2011-03-01

    In children abdominal masses usually arises from the kidney and urinary tract. The reasons for patient's presentation may be abdominal pain, palpable abdominal mass (usually discovered during the physical exam) and hematuria. Ultrasonography should be the first imaging investigation performed in children with an abdominal mass. It can be performed safely regardless of the clinical status of the patient, it is noninvasive and painless, requires no radiological contrast media and it is a relatively inexpensive. Ultrasonography is usually able to give an accurate localization of the lesion to a specific area or organ of the abdomen and provides good differentiation of solid from fluid or blood-filled masses. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to demonstrate the ultrasonographic features of the most frequently encountered reno-urinary masses in children.

  17. [Hybrid management of an infectious pseudoaneurysm. Report of one case].

    PubMed

    Sagüés C, Rodrigo; Soto G, Sebastián

    2011-08-01

    We report a 61-year-old male with a four months history of progressive back pain, fever, weight loss and hematuria. A CAT scan showed a spondylitis with destruction of L1 and L2 vertebral bodies and a big pseudoaneurysm of the posterior wall of the visceral aorta. A hybrid approach was used to repair the lesion in two stages; a surgical superior mesenteric artery revascularization followed by the placement of an endovascular stent graft in the affected segment of the aorta 48 hours later, excluding the lesion from circulation. In the postoperative period, no evidence of mesenteric vascular insufficiency was detected but the patient developed a systemic inflammatory response that was managed adequately. A CAT scan performed one month later confirmed the exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm. One year after surgery, the patient is able to walk and without evidences of infection or pseudoaneurysm.

  18. Bladder tear during revision total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Grauer, Jonathan N; Halim, Andrea; Keggi, Kristaps J

    2014-08-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) and revision total hip arthroplasty are among the most commonly performed orthopedic procedures. There are many reported complications of THA, but intrapelvic complications are a rare subset. Bladder injuries have infrequently been described in association with this common procedure. We present an unusual case of a bladder tear occurring intraoperatively during a revision THA. It is suspected that the patient's history of multiple prior hip procedures caused adhesions of the bladder to the pelvic floor and predisposed the bladder to injury during acetabular revision. Previous reports of bladder injury relating to THA have described thermal necrosis, component migration, and occasional direct perforation. There are no prior case reports describing bladder tears related to adhesions occurring intraoperatively during revision THA. This case report highlights the importance of surgeon awareness of an unusual complication. In this case, intraoperative and postoperative recognition of a hematuria diagnosis led to the appropriate treatment, and this patient had an acceptable outcome.

  19. Left renocaval venous bypass with autologous great saphenous vein for nutcracker syndrome.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yang; Sun, Yan; Jin, Xing

    2012-05-01

    Nutcracker syndrome results from left renal vein compression by the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. The consecutively increased renal venous pressure results in hematuria, proteinuria, flank pain, left-sided varicocele, pelvic congestion, and others. We report a 25-year-old man with nutcracker syndrome who underwent successful left renocaval venous bypass with autologous great saphenous vein. The patient's condition clearly improved, with no clinical relapse after treatment. Ultrasound imaging showed patency of the venous bypass and decreased venous hypertension. This technique is a feasible choice for surgical treatment of nutcracker syndrome, with a low incidence of complications and satisfactory results. Copyright © 2012 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Low flow veno-venous ECMO: an experimental study.

    PubMed

    Calderón, M; Verdín, R; Galván, J; Gonzalez, M; Cárdenas, H; Campos, R; Vidrio, H; Amezcua, J

    1994-01-01

    Clinical use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and carbon dioxide removal (ECCO 2R) have become well established techniques for the treatment of severe respiratory failure; however they require full cardiopulmonary bypass, representing major procedures with high morbidity. We theorized the possibility of an efficient low flow veno-venous extracorporeal membrane gas exchange method. Four mongrel 12 kg dogs were submitted to veno-venous extracorporeal membrane gas exchange via a jugular dialysis catheter using a low flow (10 ml/min) roller pump and a membrane oxygenator for a period of four hours. Respiratory rate was set at 4 breaths/min with a FiO 2 of 21% and ventilatory dead space was increased. Adequate gas exchange was obtained (pO 2139, pCO 224, Sat 99.4%), without major hemodynamic changes or hematuria. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of a low flow, less aggressive system. Further research should be considered.