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Sample records for hepatic resection technique

  1. Techniques of hepatic resection

    PubMed Central

    Aragon, Robert J.

    2012-01-01

    Liver resections are high risk procedures performed by experienced surgeons. The role of liver resection in malignant disease has changed over the last 100 years with great improvement in morbidity, mortality and long term survival. New understanding in liver anatomy, improved perioperative care, anesthesia techniques, and technological advances has improved this aspect of patient care. With improved techniques, patients previously considered unresectable have an opportunity to undergo curative surgery. This review article describes the various approaches and techniques for liver resection. The relevant anatomy and terminology of hepatic resections is discussed, as well as the role of anatomic vs. nonanatomic resection. Methods of vascular control are examined and the multiple strategies of parenchymal transection are compared, as well as minimally-invasive techniques. Finally, a brief review of the authors’ practice in terms of surgical technique is offered. PMID:22811867

  2. A critical review of the Couinaud technique of hepatic resection.

    PubMed

    Thompson, E C; Grier, J F; Gholson, C F; McDonald, J C

    1995-05-01

    The Couinaud technique of left hepatic lobectomy involves the isolation and division of portal vein, hepatic artery, and biliary tributaries as a unit within the liver parenchyma. It saves time and minimizes blood loss by virtue of the common investment of the portal structures in a thick connective tissue sheath. Right hepatic lobectomy can be performed in a similar manner based on the same assumption that the biliary and vascular tributaries maintain a constant anatomic relationship with one another. We describe a patient who underwent right hepatic lobectomy by the Couinaud technique who (in retrospect) had congenital absence of a left hepatic duct. Because small bile ducts from the left lobe drained into the right hepatic duct deep to the sight of resection, obstructive jaundice resulted postoperatively, necessitating orthotopic liver transplantation. Presently, the patient is doing well 1 year after transplantation. When the Couinaud technique is used in the setting of a biliary anatomic variant, the results can be disastrous. This case illustrates that the Couinaud technique is unsafe unless biliary anatomic variants are excluded prior to hepatic lobectomy.

  3. [Hepatic resections].

    PubMed

    Mercado, M A; Paquet, K J

    1990-07-01

    Liver resection are now accepted as a part of the surgical therapeutic armamentarium. In this review the anatomical and technical aspects, as well as the main indications, are discussed. The new image technique have largely contributed to the early detection of lesions that can be resected. The main indication for these procedures are malignant lesions (primary or metastatic) as well as symptomatic benign lesions. The importance to study, diagnose and treat benign lesions are justified by the possibility to detect and resect a potentially curable malignant disease. Major liver resections are contraindicated in patients with liver cirrhosis, because of a high morbimortality. Operative mortality for major liver resection is about 10% in most centers and the survival of patients with malignant disease treated by this modality is better than that of the patients treated with conservative measures. All patients with space-occupying lesions of the liver deserve the benefit of the doubt to be considered for surgical treatment. The individual features of each patient, with a judicious balance between risk and benefit, indicate or contraindicate these procedures.

  4. Resection Margin and Survival in 2368 Patients Undergoing Hepatic Resection for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Surgical Technique or Biologic Surrogate?

    PubMed Central

    Sadot, Eran; Koerkamp, Bas Groot; Leal, Julie N.; Shia, Jinru; Gonen, Mithat; Allen, Peter J.; DeMatteo, Ronald P.; Kingham, T. Peter; Kemeny, Nancy; Blumgart, Leslie H.; Jarnagin, William R.; D’Angelica, Michael I.

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The impact of margin width on overall survival (OS) in the context of other prognostic factors after resection for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is unclear. We evaluated the relationship between resection margin and OS utilizing high-resolution histologic distance measurements. METHODS A single institution prospectively maintained database was queried for all patients who underwent an initial complete resection of CRLM between 1992–2012. R1 resection was defined as tumor cells at the resection margin (0 mm). R0 resection was further divided into 3 groups: 0.1–0.9 mm, 1–9 mm, ≥ 10mm. RESULTS A total of 4915 liver resections were performed at MSKCC between 1992 and 2012, from which 2368 patients were included in the current study. Half of the patients presented with synchronous disease, 43% had solitary metastasis, and the median tumor size was 3.4cm. With a median follow-up for survivors of 55 months, the median OS of the R1, 0.1–0.9 mm, 1–9 mm, and ≥ 10mm groups were 32, 40, 53, and 56 months, respectively (p < 0.001). Compared to R1 resection, all margin widths, including submillimeter margins correlated with prolonged OS (p < 0.05). The association between the margin width and OS remained significant when adjusted for all other clinicopathologic prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS Resection margin width is independently associated with OS. Wide margins should be attempted whenever possible. However, resection should not be precluded if narrow margins are anticipated, as submillimeter margin clearance is associated with improved survival. The prolonged OS observed with submillimeter margins is likely a microscopic surrogate for the biologic behavior of a tumor rather than the result of surgical technique. PMID:26258316

  5. Hepatic Resection Using a Water Jet Dissector

    PubMed Central

    Stain, S. C.; Guastella, T.; Maddern, G. J.; Blumgart, L. H.

    1993-01-01

    The mortality and morbidity in major hepatic resection is often related to hemorrhage. A high pressure, high velocity water jet has been developed and has been utilized to assist in hepatic parenchymal transection. Sixty-seven major hepatic resections were performed for solid hepatic tumors. The tissue fracture technique was used in 51 patients (76%), and the water jet dissector was used predominantly in 16 patients (24%). The extent of hepatic resection using each technique was similar. The results showed no difference in operative duration (p = .499). The mean estimated blood loss using the water jet was 1386 ml, and tissue fracture technique 2450 ml (p = .217). Transfusion requirements were less in the water jet group (mean 2.0 units) compared to the tissue fracture group (mean 5.2 units); (p = .023). Results obtained with the new water dissector are encouraging. The preliminary results suggest that blood loss may be diminished. PMID:8387808

  6. Simplified technique for 75% and 90% hepatic resection with hemodynamic monitoring in a large white swine model.

    PubMed

    Bucur, Petru; Bekheit, Mohamed; Audebert, Chloe; Vignon-Clementel, Irene; Vibert, Eric

    2017-03-01

    Accurate measuring of the hepatic hemodynamic parameters in humans is inconvenient. Swine has been a favorite surgical model for the study of liver conditions due to many similarities with human livers. However, pigs cannot tolerate pedicle clamping and to reduce bleeding during resection a simplified technique is required. The aim of this study is to present a simplified technique for different percentages of hepatic resection in a porcine model. Twenty-two consecutive large white pigs were operated with 75% and 90% liver resection. Computarized tomography liver volumetry is performed before and after surgery. In both types of surgery, hemodynamic monitoring was performed using a specialized apparatus. Resections were performed in both groups successfully. The residual volume in the planned 75% was 235 ± 77 mL and 118 ± 119 mL in the planned 90% resection. For 75% resection, the portal flow was reduced after resection by 8.13 ± 28%, which might be part of systemic circulatory depression. However, the portal pressure increased by 20.1 ± 51%. The hepatic artery flow decreased by 63.86 ± 26.3% as well as the pressure by 5 ± 28%. The central venous pressure at the start of surgery was 3.34 ± 1.9 mm Hg and 2.8 ± 2.2 mm Hg at the end of surgery. The portacaval pressure gradient was 4.4 ± 2.9 mm Hg at the beginning of surgery and was 5.9 ± 2.8 mm Hg at the end of surgery. For 90% resection, the portal flow decreased by 33.6 ± 12.6% and the pressure increased by 104 ± 58%. The hepatic artery flow decreased by 88 ± 7%, and the pressure decreased by 5 ± 14.8%. The central venous pressure was 3.5 ± 1.7 mm Hg before resection and 3 ± 2.5 mm Hg after resection. The portacaval pressure gradient was 3.8 ± 1.1 mm Hg before resection and 8 ± 3.7 mm Hg after resection. The mean anesthesia time was 6.6 ± 1.05 h and 6.9 ± 0.5 h for 75% and 90% resection, respectively. The mean operative time was 4.6 ± 0.9

  7. New simple technique for hepatic parenchymal resection using a Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator and bipolar cautery equipped with a channel for water dripping.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Y; Ikai, I; Kume, M; Sakai, Y; Yamauchi, A; Shinohara, H; Morimoto, T; Shimahara, Y; Yamamoto, M; Yamaoka, Y

    1999-10-01

    We have developed a new technique to resect hepatic parenchyma without inflow occlusion by using the Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator (CUSA) and bipolar cautery with a saline irrigation system. The significance of this method in hepatectomy was analyzed in comparison with historical control of hepatectomy using Pringle's maneuver. An ordinary bipolar cautery was remodeled with an infusion line to bring saline droplets down the inner surface of one arm of the tweezers through an opening about 1.5 cm proximal to its tip. The optimal flow rate of saline was approximately one drop per second. The power of bipolar cautery was adjusted to 50 watts. When the tweezer blades were approximated to 1 or 2 mm, saline droplets were directed to the tip of tweezers and could be immediately evaporated. After sonicating parenchymal cells, the tissue of small branches of Glisson's tree or small tributaries of the hepatic vein were coagulated by bipolar cautery. The coagulated cords were then easily cut by scissors. The impact of this technique on ordinary liver resections was evaluated by analyzing the postoperative clinical course in relation to the hepatic functional reserve necessary for major hepatectomy, duration of hepatectomy, and intraoperative blood loss. Hepatic resection without vascular occlusion using this technique could decrease the morbidity in patients who have less hepatic functional reserve. It could also decrease intraoperative blood loss. This new technique effectively decreased the surgical load of the remnant liver during parenchymal resection by avoiding ischemic stress. Consequently it extends the safety limits of major hepatectomy.

  8. Hepatic resection for breast cancer metastases.

    PubMed Central

    Okaro, A. C.; Durkin, D. J.; Layer, G. T.; Kissin, M. W.; Karanjia, N. D.

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Hepatic resection is an established modality of treatment for colorectal cancer metastases. Resection of breast cancer liver metastases remains controversial, but has been shown to be an effective treatment in selected cases. This study reports the outcome of 8 patients with liver metastases from breast cancer. PATIENTS & METHODS: 8 patients with liver metastases from previously treated breast cancer were referred for hepatic resection between September 1996 and December 2002. Six were eligible for liver resection. The mean age was 45.8 years. The resections performed included 1 segmentectomy and 5 hemihepatectomies of which one was an extended hemihepatectomy. One patient had a repeat hepatectomy 44 months after the first resection. RESULTS: There were no postoperative deaths or major morbidity. The resectability rate was 75%. Follow-up periods range from 6 to 70 months with a median survival of 31 months following resection. There have been 2 deaths, one died of recurrence in the residual liver at 6 months and one died disease-free from a stroke. Of the remaining 4 patients, 1 has had a further liver resection at 44 months following which she is alive and 'disease-free' at 70 months. The one patient with peritoneal recurrence is alive 49 months after her liver resection with 2 patients remaining disease-free. CONCLUSION: Hepatic resection for breast cancer liver metastases is a safe procedure with low morbidity and mortality. PMID:15901375

  9. Major Hepatic Resection Using Vascular Isolation and Hypothermic Perfusion

    PubMed Central

    Fortner, J. G.; Shiu, M. H.; Kinne, D. W.; Kim, D. K.; Castro, E. B.; Watson, R. C.; Howland, W. S.; Beattie, E. J.

    1974-01-01

    The technique and results of 29 major hepatic resections using the method of complete vascular isolation and hypothermic perfusion of the liver are reported. The method enables the surgeon to perform otherwise difficult or impossible resections through chilled bloodless hepatic parenchyma. Major intrahepatic vascular structures can thus be recognized and controlled readily under clear vision. Direct neoplastic involvement of, or tumor thrombi in the portal vein, hepatic vein or vena cava, can be successfully dealt with by appropriate surgical measures. The operative mortality was 10.3% for this series which included many tumors previously deemed unresectable. The technical detail and intraoperative physiologic monitoring crucial to success in the use of the method are described. It is hoped that with the widened scope of resectability afforded by this technique, and the use of adjuvant chemotherapy, the currently experienced low cure rates for hepatic cancer can be improved. ImagesFig. 2.Fig. 3.Fig. 4.Fig. 5.Fig. 6.Fig. 8. PMID:4414545

  10. Mechanisms of splenic hypertrophy following hepatic resection

    PubMed Central

    Petrovai, Gheorghe; Truant, Stéphanie; Langlois, Carole; Bouras, Ahmed F; Lemaire, Stéphanie; Buob, David; Leteurtre, Emmanuelle; Boleslawski, Emmanuel; Pruvot, François-René

    2013-01-01

    Background Following hepatic resection, liver regeneration has been associated with concurrent splenic hypertrophy. The mechanisms of this phenomenon are unknown, may be multiple and include: splanchnic sequestration caused by a reduction in the hepatic mass; hepatic growth factors that may indirectly act on the spleen, and the redistribution of the total reticuloendothelial system. Methods Seventy-five patients (40 males; median age: 60 years) who underwent minor (16%) or major (84%) hepatectomy between September 2004 and October 2009 were included. Prospective measurements of liver and spleen volumes were obtained preoperatively and postoperatively 1 month after hepatectomy using computed tomography (CT). The future remnant liver volume (RLV) was calculated on preoperative CT and the extent of resection was expressed as the RLV divided by total liver volume (TLV). Liver and spleen hypertrophy were expressed according to the absolute gain or relative increase in the initial volumes (%).The presence of fibrosis >F1, associated extrahepatic resection (except minor resections), and previous hepatectomy (major or minor) within 3 months represented exclusion criteria. Results Mean ± standard deviation (SD) liver volume at 1 month was higher than RLV (1187 ± 286 cm3 versus 764 ± 421 cm3; P < 0.001). Mean ± SD splenic volume increased from 252 ± 100 cm3 preoperatively to 300 ± 111 cm3 at 1 month (P < 0.001). Liver and splenic hypertrophy were significant after major hepatectomies (+100% and +26%, respectively; P < 0.001), but not after minor hepatectomies. Liver hypertrophy was inversely correlated to RLV/TLV (r = −0.687, P < 0.001). Splenic hypertrophy was not correlated to RLV/TLV. Liver and splenic hypertrophy were linearly correlated (r = 0.495, P < 0.001). Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 37), preoperative portal vein embolization (n = 10) and postoperative complications (overall: n = 25; major: n = 10; infectious: n = 6) had no impact on hepatic or splenic

  11. Secure, low-cost technique for laparoscopic hepatic resection using the crush-clamp method with a bipolar sealer.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Takatsugu; Uenishi, Takahiro; Kaneda, Kazuhisa; Okawa, Masato; Tanaka, Shogo; Kubo, Shoji

    2017-02-01

    Laparoscopic hepatectomy is difficult because surgeons must perform the transection using many (four and more) energy devices and without direct manual maneuvers. Here we introduce hepatic transection by the classical method with a few (two or three) energy devices. We performed laparoscopic hepatectomy for 40 patients with hepatic tumor and liver dysfunction. For parenchymal transection, we used bipolar radiofrequency coagulation forceps connected to a voltage-controlled electrosurgical generator and ultrasonic dissector. The demarcation of the liver surface was made by an ultrasonic dissector. Along the demarcation line, the blades of a BiClamp were opened slightly and inserted into the hepatic parenchyma. We clamped slowly, softly, and gradually, and a small amount of hepatic parenchyma was consequently coagulated and fractured. After the crush, the small vessels and intrahepatic bile duct that were sealed were left as atrophic strings, and the strings were divided by an ultrasonic dissector. Large vessels and Glisson's sheaths were left because of the small clamp. Large Glisson's sheaths and hepatic veins were ligated with a titanium clip or autosutures, and cut without bile leakage or bleeding. The mean operation time of the procedure was 196.9 min, mean blood loss was 69.9 mL, and mean postoperative hospitalization was 9.5 days. No blood transfusions were needed. Two cases had perioperative complications-one involving right shoulder pain and the other involving ascites due to liver dysfunction-but there were no serious postoperative complications. The present results appear to demonstrate that this simple and safe method helps decrease intraoperative bleeding and shorten hospital stay. © 2016 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  12. Liver Resection in Children with Hepatic Neoplasms

    PubMed Central

    Randolph, Judson G.; Altman, R. Peter; Arensman, Robert M.; Matlak, Michael E.; Leikin, Sanford L.

    1978-01-01

    In the past ten years, 28 patients with primary tumors of the liver have been treated. There were 11 benign tumors, including four hamartomas, three patients with focal nodular hyperplasia, and two each with congenital cysts and hemangioma. Hamartomas and masses of focal nodular hyperplasia should be excised when possible, but both are benign lesions; therefore life threatening excisions at the porta hepatis should be avoided. Cysts are often resectable, but when occupying all lobes of the liver, they can be successfully managed by marsupialization into the free peritoneal cavity. If resectable, hemangiomas should be removed; when occupying most of the liver as they often do, patients may be subject to platelet trapping or to cardiac failure. In some instances these lesions have been controlled by steroids, radiation therapy or hepatic artery ligation. Of 17 malignant tumors seen, 12 proved to be hepatoblastomas. Nine of the 12 patients underwent liver resection, of whom four are cured, (33%). There were three children with hepatocellular carcinomas and two with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. One child from each of these groups is cured by surgical excision. At present the only known cures in children with primary malignant liver neoplasms have been achieved by operative removal. ImagesFig. 1.Fig. 2.Fig. 3.Fig. 4. PMID:206216

  13. Perioperative chemotherapy and hepatic resection for resectable colorectal liver metastases.

    PubMed

    Beppu, Toru; Sakamoto, Yasuo; Hayashi, Hiromitsu; Baba, Hideo

    2015-02-01

    The role of perioperative chemotherapy in the management of initially resectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is still unclear. The EPOC trial [the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 40983] is an important study that declares perioperative chemotherapy as the standard of care for patients with resectable CRLM, and the strategy is widely accepted in western countries. Compared with surgery alone, perioperative FOLFOX therapy significantly increased progression-free survival (PFS) in eligible patients or those with resected CRLM. Overall survival (OS) data from the EPOC trial were recently published in The Lancet Oncology, 2013. Here, we discussed the findings and recommendations from the EORTC 40983 trial.

  14. Perioperative chemotherapy and hepatic resection for resectable colorectal liver metastases

    PubMed Central

    Sakamoto, Yasuo; Hayashi, Hiromitsu; Baba, Hideo

    2015-01-01

    The role of perioperative chemotherapy in the management of initially resectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is still unclear. The EPOC trial [the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 40983] is an important study that declares perioperative chemotherapy as the standard of care for patients with resectable CRLM, and the strategy is widely accepted in western countries. Compared with surgery alone, perioperative FOLFOX therapy significantly increased progression-free survival (PFS) in eligible patients or those with resected CRLM. Overall survival (OS) data from the EPOC trial were recently published in The Lancet Oncology, 2013. Here, we discussed the findings and recommendations from the EORTC 40983 trial. PMID:25713806

  15. [Complications of elective hepatic resections. Analysis of risk factors].

    PubMed

    Miconi, G; De Luca, S; Scibé, R; Massa, M; Marmorale, C

    1995-01-01

    In the last decades the hepatic surgery has been more and more employed thanks to improvement of the surgical technique and of the post-operative assistance which have brought the peroperative mortality of principal specialistic centres to less of 5%. The main post-operative complications which trouble the hepatic surgery, forming in same cases the cause of the death, are: hepatic insufficiency, haemorrhage, subphrenic abscess and the appearance of biliary fistulas. These complications are often connected and linked to the devitalization of a part of the residual parenchyma. We have made a retrospective study on a series of 214 hepatic resections, executed in election, to estimate the main pre and intra-operative risk factors. The operative mortality has been zero whereas the post-operative one is occurred in 4.2% of the cases with a morbidity of 27.5%. In our experience the meaning full factors to prefigure an operative risk are resulted: the associated pathologies like diabetes, cardiopathies, ipertension and bronchopathies; the length of the operation; the entity of the peroperative haematic loss and of the consequent transfusional therapy and eventually quality the residual parenchyma.

  16. Hepatic resection is associated with reduced postoperative opioid requirement

    PubMed Central

    Moss, Caitlyn Rose; Caldwell, Julia Christine; Afilaka, Babatunde; Iskandarani, Khaled; Chinchilli, Vernon Michael; McQuillan, Patrick; Cooper, Amanda Beth; Gusani, Niraj; Bezinover, Dmitri

    2016-01-01

    Background and Aims: Postoperative pain can significantly affect surgical outcomes. As opioid metabolism is liver-dependent, any reduction in hepatic volume can lead to increased opioid concentrations in the blood. The hypothesis of this retrospective study was that patients undergoing open hepatic resection would require less opioid for pain management than those undergoing open pancreaticoduodenectomy. Material and Methods: Data from 79 adult patients who underwent open liver resection and eighty patients who underwent open pancreaticoduodenectomy at our medical center between January 01, 2010 and June 30, 2013 were analyzed. All patients received both general and neuraxial anesthesia. Postoperatively, patients were managed with a combination of epidural and patient-controlled analgesia. Pain scores and amount of opioids administered (morphine equivalents) were compared. A multivariate lineal regression was performed to determine predictors of opioid requirement. Results: No significant differences in pain scores were found at any time point between groups. Significantly more opioid was administered to patients having pancreaticoduodenectomy than those having a hepatic resection at time points: Intraoperative (P = 0.006), first 48 h postoperatively (P = 0.001), and the entire length of stay (LOS) (P = 0.002). Statistical significance was confirmed after controlling for age, sex, body mass index, and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification (adjusted P = 0.006). Total hospital LOS was significantly longer after pancreaticoduodenectomy (P = 0.03). A multivariate lineal regression demonstrated a lower opioid consumption in the hepatic resection group (P = 0.03), but there was no difference in opioid use based on the type of hepatic resection. Conclusion: Patients undergoing open hepatic resection had a significantly lower opioid requirement in comparison with patients undergoing open pancreaticoduodenectomy. A multicenter prospective

  17. Optimizing treatment of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: Resection or resection plus ablation?

    PubMed

    Chiappa, Antonio; Bertani, Emilio; Zbar, Andrew P; Foschi, Diego; Fazio, Nicola; Zampino, Maria; Belluco, Claudio; Orsi, Franco; Della Vigna, Paolo; Bonomo, Guido; Venturino, Marco; Ferrari, Carlo; Biffi, Roberto

    2016-03-01

    The present study determines the oncologic outcome of the combined resection and ablation strategy for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). Between January 1994 and December 2014, 360 patients underwent surgery for CRLM. There were 280 patients who underwent hepatic resection only (group 1) and 80 hepatic resection plus ablation (group 2). group 2 patients had a higher incidence of multiple metastases than group 1 cases (100% in group 2 vs. 28.2% in group 1; P<0.001) and bilobar involvement (76.5% in group 2 vs. 12.9% in group 1; P<0.001). Perioperative mortality was nil in either group with a higher postoperative complication rate amongst group 1 vs. group 2 cases (18 vs. 0, respectively). The median follow-up was 90 months (range, 1-180) with a 5-year overall survival for group 1 and group 2 of 49 and 80%, respectively (P=0.193). The median disease-free survival for patients with R0 resection was 50, 43 and 34% at 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively, and remained steadily higher (at 50%) in those patients treated with resection combined with ablation up to 5 years (P=0.069). The only intraoperative ablation failure was for a large lesion (≥5 cm). Our data support the use of intraoperative ablation when complete hepatic resection cannot be achieved.

  18. Long-term outcomes following hepatic resection and radiofrequency ablation of colorectal liver metastases.

    PubMed

    McKay, Andrew; Fradette, Katherine; Lipschitz, Jeremy

    2009-01-01

    Recently some have called for randomized controlled trials comparing RFA to hepatic resection, particularly for patients with only a few small metastases. The objectives were to compare local recurrence and survival following RFA and hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastases. This was a retrospective review of open RFA and hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastases between January 1998 and May 2007. All patients who had RFA were considered to have unresectable disease. 58 patients had hepatic resection and 43 had RFA. A 5-year survival after resection was 43% compared to 23% after RFA. For patients with solitary lesions, a 5-year survival was 48% after resection and 15% after RFA. Sixty percent of patients suffered local recurrences after RFA compared to 7% after hepatic resection. RFA is inferior to resection. The results observed in this study support the consensus that RFA cannot be considered an equivalent procedure to hepatic resection.

  19. Preoperative selection of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastasis for hepatic resection

    PubMed Central

    Mattar, Rafif E; Al-alem, Faisal; Simoneau, Eve; Hassanain, Mazen

    2016-01-01

    Surgical resection of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) has a well-documented improvement in survival. To benefit from this intervention, proper selection of patients who would be adequate surgical candidates becomes vital. A combination of imaging techniques may be utilized in the detection of the lesions. The criteria for resection are continuously evolving; currently, the requirements that need be met to undergo resection of CRLM are: the anticipation of attaining a negative margin (R0 resection), whilst maintaining an adequate functioning future liver remnant. The timing of hepatectomy in regards to resection of the primary remains controversial; before, after, or simultaneously. This depends mainly on the tumor burden and symptoms from the primary tumor. The role of chemotherapy differs according to the resectability of the liver lesion(s); no evidence of improved survival was shown in patients with resectable disease who received preoperative chemotherapy. Presence of extrahepatic disease in itself is no longer considered a reason to preclude patients from resection of their CRLM, providing limited extra-hepatic disease, although this currently is an area of active investigations. In conclusion, we review the indications, the adequate selection of patients and perioperative factors to be considered for resection of colorectal liver metastasis. PMID:26811608

  20. Safety of hepatic resections in obese veterans.

    PubMed

    Saunders, John K; Rosman, Alan S; Neihaus, Dena; Gouge, Thomas H; Melis, Marcovalerio

    2012-04-01

    To determine the effects of body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) on outcomes after liver resection performed at Veterans Affairs medical centers. We queried the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program database for liver resections (2005-2008) and grouped the patients into 5 BMI categories: normal weight (BMI 18.5-24.9), overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9), obese class 1 (BMI 30.0-34.9), obese class 2 (BMI 35.0-39.9), and obese class 3 (BMI ≥ 40.0). Differences in risk factors and perioperative complications across groups were analyzed in univariate and multivariate analyses. Of 403 patients who underwent hepatectomy, 106 (26%) were normal weight, 161 (40%) were overweight, 94 (23%) were obese class 1, 31 (8%) were obese class 2, and 11 (3%) were obese class 3. Among these groups, higher BMI was associated with increased rates of hypertension (52%, 61%, 77%, 77%, and 73%, respectively; P = .002) and diabetes (18%, 27%, 36%, 39%, and 45%, respectively; P = .04) and lower incidence of smokers (53%, 35%, 30%, 16%, and 9%, respectively; P < .001). The BMI groups were similar in demographic characteristics and metrics correlating with preexisting liver disease. There were no differences across BMI groups in overall and specific morbidity or in length of stay. Compared with the other groups, obese class 3 patients received more blood transfusions (mean [SD], 4.3 [2.7] in obese class 3 patients vs 1.1 [0.2] in normal-weight patients; P = .02) and had a higher 30-day mortality (27% in obese class 3 patients vs 6% in normal-weight patients; P = .05). Multivariate analyses confirmed obese class 3 as an independent predictor of postoperative mortality. Obesity did not increase postoperative complications after liver resection in veterans. After adjusting for other clinical factors, extreme obesity (BMI ≥ 40.0) was an independent risk factor for increased mortality.

  1. [Robotic-assisted and laparoscopic hepatic resections for nonparasitic cysts of posterior liver segments].

    PubMed

    Berelavichus, S V; Kriger, A G; Starkov, Iu G; Shishin, K V; Gorin, D S; Poliakov, I S

    2013-01-01

    Results of 36 robotic-assisted and laparoscopic hepatic resections for nonparasitic cysts of posterior liver segments were demonstrated. Technical aspects of the procedure, advantages and drawbacks of each method were discussed. Important intra- and postoperative indexes were compared. The study allows to state, that the use of the da Vinci robotic surgical system has certain technical advantages over the standard laparoscopic technique in case of the posterior location of liver cysts.

  2. Immunological techniques in viral hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Rehermann, Barbara; Naoumov, Nikolai V

    2007-03-01

    The need to quantitate and monitor immune responses of large patient cohorts with standardized techniques is increasing due to the growing range of treatment options for hepatitis B and hepatitis C, the development of combination therapies, and candidate experimental vaccines for HCV. In addition, advances in immunological techniques have provided new tools for detailed phenotypic and functional analysis of cellular immune responses. At present, there is substantial variation in laboratory protocols, reagents, controls and analysis and presentation of results. Standardization of immunological assays would therefore allow better comparison of results amongst individual laboratories and patient cohorts. The EASL-sponsored and AASLD-endorsed Monothematic Conference on Clinical Immunology in Viral Hepatitis was held at the University College London, United Kingdom, Oct 7-8, 2006 to bring together investigators with research experience in clinical immunology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections for in-depth discussion, critical evaluation and standardization of immunological assays. This report summarizes the information presented and discussed at the conference, but is not intended to represent a consensus statement. Our aim is to highlight topics and issues that were supported by general agreement and those that were controversial, as well as to provide suggestions for future work.

  3. Superselective transarterial chemoembolization vs hepatic resection for resectable early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with Child-Pugh class a liver function.

    PubMed

    Hsu, Kuo-Feng; Chu, Chi-Hung; Chan, De-Chuan; Yu, Jyh-Cherng; Shih, Ming-Lang; Hsieh, Huan-Fa; Hsieh, Tsai-Yuan; Yu, Chih-Yung; Hsieh, Chung-Bao

    2012-03-01

    In contrast to hepatic resection (HR) for resectable early-stage HCC, the efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is controversial. This study is designed to compare the long-term outcome of TACE using superselective technique with hepatic resection for the treating resectable early-stage HCC and Child-Pugh class A liver function. In total, 185 consecutive patients with resectable early-stage HCC and Child-Pugh class A liver function were included: 73 patients received superselective TACE (group I) and 112 patients underwent HR (group II). We evaluated the therapy-related recurrence and long-term outcome and in both groups. The risk factors of recurrence and mortality were assessed by Cox's model. The mean survival time of group 1 patient was similar to that of group 2 patient (40.8±19.8 vs 46.7±24.6 months respectively, p=0.91). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates after TACE (group I)and HR (group II) were 91%, 66%, and 52% and 93%, 71%, and 57%, respectively (p=0.239). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year recurrence-free survival rates in groups 1 and 2 were 68%, 28%, and 17% and 78%, 55%, and 35%, respectively (p<0.0001). Serum albumin, tumour size, tumour number and recurrence interval were independent risk factors for mortality. Serum albumin level, tumour size, tumour number, and treatment modality of TACE or HR could predict HCC recurrence. TACE is an efficient and safe treatment for resectable early-stage HCC with overall survival rates similar to that of HR. Thus, TACE is indicated in selected patients with resectable early-stage HCC. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Hepatic resection, hepatic arterial infusion pump therapy, and genetic biomarkers in the management of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    McAuliffe, John C; Qadan, Motaz; D'Angelica, Michael I

    2015-12-01

    The liver is the most common site of colorectal cancer metastasis. Fortunately, improvements have been made in the care of patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). Effective management of CRLM requires a multidisciplinary approach that is tailored to individuals in order to achieve long-term survival, and cure. Resection and systemic chemotherapy provides benefit in selected individuals. An adjunct to resection and/or systemic chemotherapy is the use of hepatic arterial infusion pump (HAIP) therapy. Many studies show HAIP provides benefit for select patients with CRLM. Added to the crucible of a multidisciplinary approach to managing CRLM is the ever growing understanding of tumor biology and genetic profiling. In this review, we discuss the outcomes of resection, systemic therapies and HAIP therapy for CRLM. We also discuss the impact of recent advances in genetic profiling and mutational analysis, namely mutation of KRAS and BRAF, for this disease.

  5. Hepatic resection, hepatic arterial infusion pump therapy, and genetic biomarkers in the management of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer

    PubMed Central

    McAuliffe, John C.; Qadan, Motaz

    2015-01-01

    The liver is the most common site of colorectal cancer metastasis. Fortunately, improvements have been made in the care of patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). Effective management of CRLM requires a multidisciplinary approach that is tailored to individuals in order to achieve long-term survival, and cure. Resection and systemic chemotherapy provides benefit in selected individuals. An adjunct to resection and/or systemic chemotherapy is the use of hepatic arterial infusion pump (HAIP) therapy. Many studies show HAIP provides benefit for select patients with CRLM. Added to the crucible of a multidisciplinary approach to managing CRLM is the ever growing understanding of tumor biology and genetic profiling. In this review, we discuss the outcomes of resection, systemic therapies and HAIP therapy for CRLM. We also discuss the impact of recent advances in genetic profiling and mutational analysis, namely mutation of KRAS and BRAF, for this disease. PMID:26697204

  6. Portal Vein Embolization as an Oncosurgical Strategy Prior to Major Hepatic Resection: Anatomic, Surgical, and Technical Considerations

    PubMed Central

    Orcutt, Sonia T.; Kobayashi, Katsuhiro; Sultenfuss, Mark; Hailey, Brian S.; Sparks, Anthony; Satpathy, Bighnesh; Anaya, Daniel A.

    2016-01-01

    Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) is used to extend the indications for major hepatic resection, and it has become the standard of care for selected patients with hepatic malignancies treated at major hepatobiliary centers. To date, various techniques with different embolic materials have been used with similar results in the degree of liver hypertrophy. Regardless of the specific strategy used, both surgeons and interventional radiologists must be familiar with each other’s techniques to be able to create the optimal plan for each individual patient. Knowledge of the segmental anatomy of the liver is paramount to fully understand the liver segments that need to be embolized and resected. Understanding the portal vein anatomy and the branching variations, along with the techniques used to transect the portal vein during hepatic resection, is important because these variables can affect the PVE procedure and the eventual surgical resection. Comprehension of the advantages and disadvantages of approaches to the portal venous system and the various embolic materials used for PVE is essential to best tailor the procedures for each patient and to avoid complications. Before PVE, meticulous assessment of the portal vein branching anatomy is performed with cross-sectional imaging, and embolization strategies are developed based on the patient’s anatomy. The PVE procedure consists of several technical steps, and knowledge of these technical tips, potential complications, and how to avoid the complications in each step is of great importance for safe and successful PVE and ultimately successful hepatectomy. Because PVE is used as an adjunct to planned hepatic resection, priority must always be placed on safety, without compromising the integrity of the future liver remnant, and close collaboration between interventional radiologists and hepatobiliary surgeons is essential to achieve successful outcomes. PMID:27014696

  7. Portal Vein Embolization as an Oncosurgical Strategy Prior to Major Hepatic Resection: Anatomic, Surgical, and Technical Considerations.

    PubMed

    Orcutt, Sonia T; Kobayashi, Katsuhiro; Sultenfuss, Mark; Hailey, Brian S; Sparks, Anthony; Satpathy, Bighnesh; Anaya, Daniel A

    2016-01-01

    Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) is used to extend the indications for major hepatic resection, and it has become the standard of care for selected patients with hepatic malignancies treated at major hepatobiliary centers. To date, various techniques with different embolic materials have been used with similar results in the degree of liver hypertrophy. Regardless of the specific strategy used, both surgeons and interventional radiologists must be familiar with each other's techniques to be able to create the optimal plan for each individual patient. Knowledge of the segmental anatomy of the liver is paramount to fully understand the liver segments that need to be embolized and resected. Understanding the portal vein anatomy and the branching variations, along with the techniques used to transect the portal vein during hepatic resection, is important because these variables can affect the PVE procedure and the eventual surgical resection. Comprehension of the advantages and disadvantages of approaches to the portal venous system and the various embolic materials used for PVE is essential to best tailor the procedures for each patient and to avoid complications. Before PVE, meticulous assessment of the portal vein branching anatomy is performed with cross-sectional imaging, and embolization strategies are developed based on the patient's anatomy. The PVE procedure consists of several technical steps, and knowledge of these technical tips, potential complications, and how to avoid the complications in each step is of great importance for safe and successful PVE and ultimately successful hepatectomy. Because PVE is used as an adjunct to planned hepatic resection, priority must always be placed on safety, without compromising the integrity of the future liver remnant, and close collaboration between interventional radiologists and hepatobiliary surgeons is essential to achieve successful outcomes.

  8. Preoperative imaging for hepatic resection of colorectal cancer metastasis.

    PubMed

    Frankel, Timothy L; Gian, Richard Kinh; Jarnagin, William R

    2012-03-01

    Despite recent advances in chemotherapeutic agents, the prognosis for metastatic colon cancer remains poor. Over the past two decades, hepatic metastasectomy has emerged as a promising technique for improving survival in patients with metastatic colon cancer and in some cases providing long-term cure. To maximize safety and efficacy of metastasectomy, appropriate pre-operative imaging is needed. Advancements in computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) have led to improved detection of occult lesions and better definition of surgical anatomy. While CT, PET and MRI have a comparable sensitivity for detection of large liver metastases, MRI excels at detection of subcentimeter liver metastases compared to CT and FDG-PET, especially with the combination of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and hepatocyte-specific contrast agents. CT may be useful as a screening modality or in preoperative planning such as volumetric estimation of the remnant liver size or in defining preoperative arterial anatomy for hepatic artery infusion pump placement. While technologic advancements have led to unprecedented image quality and clarity, this does not replace the need for a dedicated, competent radiologist with experience in hepatic imaging.

  9. Selection of patients for resection of hepatic metastases: improved detection of extrahepatic disease with FDG pet.

    PubMed

    Zealley, I A; Skehan, S J; Rawlinson, J; Coates, G; Nahmias, C; Somers, S

    2001-10-01

    A rapidly emerging clinical application of positron emission tomography (PET) is the detection of tumor tissue at whole-body studies performed with the glucose analogue 2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG). High rates of recurrence after partial hepatic resection in patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases indicate that current presurgical imaging strategies are failing to show extrahepatic tumor deposits. Although FDG PET cannot match the anatomic resolution of conventional imaging techniques in the liver and the lungs, it is particularly useful for identification and characterization of extrahepatic disease. FDG PET can show foci of metastatic disease that may not be apparent at conventional anatomic imaging and can aid in the characterization of indeterminate soft-tissue masses. Several sources of benign and physiologic increased activity at FDG PET emphasize the need for careful correlation with findings of other imaging studies and clinical findings. FDG PET can improve the selection of patients for partial hepatic resection and thereby reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with inappropriate surgery.

  10. Use of intercostal trocars for laparoscopic resection of subphrenic hepatic tumors.

    PubMed

    Ichida, Hirofumi; Ishizawa, Takeaki; Tanaka, Masayuki; Terasawa, Muga; Watanabe, Genki; Takeda, Yoshinori; Matsuki, Ryota; Matsumura, Masaru; Hata, Taigo; Mise, Yoshinori; Inoue, Yosuke; Takahashi, Yu; Saiura, Akio

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to demonstrate the detailed surgical techniques of laparoscopic hepatectomy using intercostal transthoracic trocars for subcapsular tumors located in segment VII or VIII. Intercostal transthoracic trocars were used in patients undergoing laparoscopic hepatectomy for tumors located in segment VII or VIII. Following establishment of pneumoperitoneum and placement of abdominal trocars, balloon-tipped trocars were inserted into the abdominal cavity from the intercostal space and through the pleural space and diaphragm. Upon placement of the intercostal trocars, the lung edge was confirmed by ultrasonography and laparoscopic examination. Following minimal mobilization of the right liver, hemispherical wedge resection of segment VII or VIII was performed using the intercostal trocars as a camera port or for the forceps of the surgeon's left hand. After the hepatectomy, the holes in the diaphragm were sutured closed. Among the 79 patients who underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy, intercostal trocars were used in 14 patients for resection of tumors located in segment VII (4 nodules) or VIII (10 nodules). The median (range) operation time and amount of blood loss for hepatectomy were 225 (109-477) min and 60 (20-310) mL, respectively. No postoperative complications associated with hepatectomy or the use of intercostal trocars occurred. Use of intercostal transthoracic trocars is safe and effective not only for complicated laparoscopic hepatectomy but also for hemispherical wedge resections of subcapsular hepatic tumors located in segment VII or VIII.

  11. Robotic liver resection: initial experience with three-arm robotic and single-port robotic technique.

    PubMed

    Kandil, Emad; Noureldine, Salem I; Saggi, Bob; Buell, Joseph F

    2013-01-01

    Robotic-assisted surgery offers a solution to fundamental limitations of conventional laparoscopic surgery, and its use is gaining wide popularity. However, the application of this technology has yet to be established in hepatic surgery. A retrospective analysis of our prospectively collected liver surgery database was performed. Over a 6-month period, all consecutive patients who underwent robotic-assisted hepatic resection for a liver neoplasm were included. Demographics, operative time, and morbidity encountered were evaluated. A total of 7 robotic-assisted liver resections were performed, including 2 robotic-assisted single-port access liver resections with the da Vinci-Si Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical Sunnyvalle, Calif.) USA. The mean age was 44.6 years (range, 21-68 years); there were 5 male and 2 female patients. The mean operative time (± SD) was 61.4 ± 26.7 minutes; the mean operative console time (± SD) was 38.2 ± 23 minutes. No conversions were required. The mean blood loss was 100.7 mL (range, 10-200 mL). The mean hospital stay (± SD) was 2 ± 0.4 days. No postoperative morbidity related to the procedure or death was encountered. Our initial experience with robotic liver resection confirms that this technique is both feasible and safe. Robotic-assisted technology appears to improve the precision and ergonomics of single-access surgery while preserving the known benefits of laparoscopic surgery, including cosmesis, minimal morbidity, and faster recovery.

  12. Improved Techniques for Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR) in Colorectal Adenoma

    PubMed Central

    Sold, Moritz; Kähler, Georg

    2014-01-01

    Summary Background Endoscopic therapy of colorectal adenomas and early cancers is a standard method. Besides oncological criteria, the method is limited by polyp location, size, and texture. Method Based on the current literature, technical modifications and developments in endoscopic mucosal resection are described. Results Numerous approaches exist to improve the conditions of resection, including optimisation of mucosal elevation and modification of techniques, tools, and devices. Conclusion Endoscopic therapy of sessile and flat colorectal polyps remains a challenge. Some of the presented modifications can help to address this challenge. PMID:26286120

  13. Same day arterial embolisation followed by hepatic resection for treatment of giant haemangioma.

    PubMed

    Bailey, James; Di Carlo, Sara; Blackwell, James; Gomez, Dhanny

    2016-02-25

    Cavernous haemangiomas are the most common tumour of the liver; they are benign in nature and have an incidence of up to 7.3% at autopsy. Occasionally, they may cause symptoms necessitating intervention. We report the case of a woman who presented with non-specific abdominal pain and evidence of a giant hepatic haemangioma on abdominal imaging. She underwent selective hepatic arteriography with transcatheter arterial embolisation followed by same-day left hemi-hepatectomy, making an uneventful recovery. We discuss the management of giant hepatic haemangiomas and present same day transcatheter arterial embolisation prior to hepatic resection as a safe and viable treatment strategy in selected cases.

  14. Modern reconstructive techniques for abdominal wall defects after oncologic resection.

    PubMed

    Khansa, Ibrahim; Janis, Jeffrey E

    2015-04-01

    Resection of abdominal wall tumors often leaves patients with debilitating soft tissue defects. Modern reconstructive techniques can be used to restore abdominal wall integrity. In this article, we present an overview of preoperative patient evaluation, analysis of the defect, surgical planning, and the spectrum of available surgical techniques, ranging from simple to complex. The established clinical evidence in the field of abdominal wall reconstruction is summarized and a case example is provided.

  15. Resection of Celiac Artery Aneurysm with Bypass Grafting to the Splenic and Common Hepatic Arteries

    PubMed Central

    Pattakos, Gregory; Tolpin, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    Celiac artery aneurysms are rare and typically warrant surgical treatment. Atherosclerosis is their chief cause. Symptomatic patients usually present with abdominal pain. Surgical resection of celiac artery aneurysms is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. We report the case of a patient whose 2.2-cm celiac artery aneurysm we resected, with subsequent saphenous vein bypass grafting from the celiac trunk to the splenic and common hepatic arteries. In addition, we briefly discuss other treatment options. PMID:28265220

  16. Bladder neck resection with preservation of antegrade ejaculation: Basir technique.

    PubMed

    Abdel-Basir Sayed, Mohamed

    2003-03-01

    To evaluate a new method of bladder neck resection and to determine if antegrade ejaculation is preserved thereafter. Two groups of patients were treated for their bladder neck obstruction. Group A, composed of 20 patients, was treated by bladder neck resection with preservation of more than 1 cm proximal to the verumontanum. Group B, also consisting of 20 patients, was treated by the old technique. Patients were evaluated before and after resection by semen volume, sperm count, symptoms, and urodynamic testing. In group A, antegrade ejaculation was maintained in 17 of the 20 patients (85%), while in 2 patients, only a small amount of semen was ejaculated and in 1 patient, complete retrograde ejaculation was reported. In group B, only 4 patients (20%) preserved antegrade ejaculation, and retrograde ejaculation occurred in 16 patients (80%). With preservation of >1 cm of the supramontanal part of the urethra during bladder neck resection, we could avoid the complication of retrograde ejaculation in those young patients who wish to preserve fertility.

  17. Effect of body composition on outcomes after hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Itoh, Shinji; Shirabe, Ken; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Yoshiya, Shohei; Muto, Jun; Harimoto, Norifumi; Yamashita, Yo-Ichi; Ikegami, Toru; Yoshizumi, Tomoharu; Nishie, Akihiro; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2014-09-01

    To evaluate the effect of body composition on outcomes after hepatic resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We performed 190 hepatic resections for HCC and divided the patients into 2 groups on the basis of visceral fat area (VFA), assessed by computed tomographic measurement at the level of the umbilicus, into high VFA (H-VFA) (n = 106) and low VFA (L-VFA) (n = 84) groups. We compared the surgical outcomes between the two groups. L-VFA was significantly correlated with a lower body mass index, sarcopenia, lower serum albumin, and liver cirrhosis. There was no difference in the incidence of postoperative complications and mortality between the 2 groups. Patients in the L-VFA group had a significantly poorer prognosis than those in the H-VFA group in terms of both overall (P = 0.043) and recurrence-free (P = 0.001) survival. The results of multivariate analysis showed that sarcopenia rather than L-VFA was an independent and prognostic indicator after hepatic resection with HCC. Body composition is an important factor affecting cancer outcomes after hepatic resection for HCC in Japan.

  18. Safety of an Enhanced Recovery Pathway for Patients Undergoing Open Hepatic Resection

    PubMed Central

    Clark, Clancy J.; Ali, Shahzad M.; Zaydfudim, Victor; Jacob, Adam K.; Nagorney, David M.

    2016-01-01

    Background Enhanced recovery pathways (ERP) have not been widely implemented for hepatic surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of an ERP for patients undergoing open hepatic resection. Methods A single-surgeon, retrospective observational cohort study was performed comparing the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing open hepatic resection treated before and after implementation of an ERP. Morbidity, mortality, and length of hospital stay (LOS) were compared between pre-ERP and ERP groups. Results 126 patients (pre-ERP n = 73, ERP n = 53) were identified for the study. Patient characteristics and operative details were similar between groups. Overall complication rate was similar between pre-ERP and ERP groups (37% vs. 28%, p = 0.343). Before and after pathway implementation, the median LOS was similar, 5 (IQR 4–7) vs. 5 (IQR 4–6) days, p = 0.708. After adjusting for age, type of liver resection, and ASA, the ERP group had no increased risk of major complication (OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.14–1.02, p = 0.055) or LOS greater than 5 days (OR 1.21, 95% CI 0.56–2.62, p = 0.627). Conclusions Routine use of a multimodal ERP is safe and is not associated with increased postoperative morbidity after open hepatic resection. PMID:26950852

  19. Superselective catheterization technique in hepatic angiography

    SciTech Connect

    Chuang, V.P.; Soo, C.S.; Carrasco, C.H.; Wallace, S.

    1983-10-01

    The techniques for superselective catheterization of hepatic artery are described. The catheters have five major configurations in various sizes: (1) simple curve, (2) reverse curve, (3) double curve, (4) modified double curve, and (5) hepatic and splenic curves. Since the celiac artery may be directed caudad, horizontally, or cephalad, the techniques vary accordingly. The basic approach of the system described is to tailor the catheter to fit the vascular anatomy. These various techniques have produced a 95% success rate in the hepatic artery catheterization of 1000 patients.

  20. The Feasibility of Hepatic Resections Using a Bipolar Radiofrequency Device (Habib®).

    PubMed

    Civil, Osman; Kement, Metin; Okkabaz, Nuri; Haksal, Mustafa; Gezen, Cem; Oncel, Mustafa

    2015-08-01

    The bipolar radiofrequency device (Habib®) has been recently introduced in order to reduce intraoperative bleeding for a safe hepatic resection as an alternative to the conventional tools. However, indications, perioperative findings, and outcome of the device for hepatic resections remain and deserve to be analyzed. The current study aims to analyze the feasibility of the bipolar radiofrequency device (Habib®) for hepatic resections. Information of the patients that underwent hepatic resection using with the Habib® device between 2007 and 2011 was abstracted. Patient, disease, and operation-related findings and perioperative data were investigated. A total of 71 cases (38 [53.5 %] males, mean age was 56.8 ± 11.9) were analyzed. Metastatic disease (n = 55; 77.5 %) was the leading indication followed by primary liver and biliary malignancies (n = 7; 9.9 %), hemangioma (n = 5; 7 %), hydatid disease (n = 3; 2.8 %), and hepatic gunshot trauma (n = 1; 1.4 %). Metastasectomy was the most commonly performed procedure (n = 31; 56.3 %), but in 24 (77.4 %) cases, it was performed in addition to extended resections. Other procedures in the study patients include segmentectomy in 17, bisegmentectomy in 19, trisegmentectomy in 17, right or left hepatectomy in 8, and extended right/left hepatectomy in 3. The mean (±SD) operation time was 241.7 ± 78.2 min. The median amount of bleeding was 300 cc (range 25-2500), and 23 (32.4 %) cases required perioperative transfusion. The median hospitalization period was 5 days (range 1-47). Lengthened drainage (n = 9, 12.7 %) and intraabdominal abscess (n = 8, 11.23 %) were the most common problems. Hepatic resections using the Habib® device seem to be feasible in cases with primary and metastatic hepatic lesions and benign liver masses and even those with hepatic trauma. It may lessen the amount of intraoperative hemorrhage, although lengthened drainage and intraabdominal abscess

  1. Resection-Reconstruction of Aberrant Right Hepatic Artery During Whipple Procedure (Pancreaticoduodenectomy).

    PubMed

    Sayyed, Raza; Rehman, Iffat; Niazi, Imran Khalid; Yusuf, Muhammed Aasim; Syed, Aamir Ali; V, Faisal

    2016-06-01

    Aberrant hepatic arterial anatomy poses a challenge for the surgeon during Whipple procedure. Intraoperative injury to the aberrant vasculature results in hemorrhagic or ischemic complications involving the liver and biliary tree. We report a case of replaced right hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery in a patient with periampullary carcinoma of the pancreas, undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy. The aberrant artery was found to be coursing through the pancreatic parenchyma. This is a rare vascular anomaly. Resection of the arterial segment and end-to-end anastomosis was fashioned. Intrapancreatic course of the replaced right hepatic artery is a rare anomaly and is best managed by preoperative identification on radiology and meticulous intra-operative dissection and preservation. However, for an intrapancreatic course, resection and reconstruction may occasionally be required.

  2. Safety and advantages of combined resection and microwave ablation in patients with bilobar hepatic malignancies.

    PubMed

    Philips, Prejesh; Scoggins, C R; Rostas, J K; McMasters, K M; Martin, R C

    2017-02-01

    The multimodality approach has significantly improved outcomes for hepatic malignancies. Microwave ablation is often used in isolation or succession, and seldom in combination with resection. Potential benefits and pitfalls from combined resection and ablation therapy in patients with complex and extensive bilobar hepatic disease have not been well defined. A review of the University of Louisville prospective Hepato-Pancreatico-Biliary Patients database was performed with multi-focal bilobar disease that underwent microwave ablation with resection or microwave only included. One hundred and eight were treated with microwave only (MWA, n = 108) or combined resection and ablation (CRA, n = 84) and were compared with similar disease-burden patients undergoing resection only (n = 84). The groups were comparable except that the MWA group was older (p = .02) and with higher co-morbidities (diabetes, hepatitis). The resection group had larger tumours (4 vs. 3.2 and 3 cm) but the CRA group had more numerous lesions (4 vs. 3 and 2, p = .002). Short-term outcomes including morbidity (47.6% vs. 43%, p = .0715) were similar between the CRA and resection only groups. Longer operative time (164 vs. 126 min, p = .003) and need for blood transfusion (p = .001) were independent predictors of complications. Survival analyses for colorectal metastasis patients (n = 158) demonstrated better overall survival (OS) (43.9 vs. 37.6 and 30.5 months, p = .035), disease-free survival (DFS) (38 vs. 26.6 and 16.9 months, p = .028) and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) (55.4 vs. 17 and 22.9 months, p < .001) with resection only. The use of microwave ablation in addition to surgical resection did not significantly increase the morbidities or short-term outcomes. In combination with systemic and other local forms of therapy, combined resection and ablation is a safe and effective procedure.

  3. Markers of coagulation activation after hepatic resection for cancer: evidence of sustained upregulation of coagulation.

    PubMed

    Weinberg, L; Scurrah, N; Parker, F C; Dauer, R; Marshall, J; McCall, P; Story, D; Smith, C; McNicol, L

    2011-09-01

    We investigated the possibility that despite postoperative derangements of routine laboratory coagulation tests, markers of coagulation activation and thrombin generation would be normal or increased in patients undergoing hepatic resection for cancer In addition to the conventional coagulation tests prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time, we measured select markers of coagulation activation prothrombin fragments 1 and 2 (PF1 + 2), thrombin-antithrombin complexes and plasma von Willebrand Factor antigen in 21 patients undergoing hepatic resection. The impact of hepatic resection on coagulation and fibrinolysis was studied with thromboelastography. Preoperatively, routine laboratory coagulation and liver function tests were normal in all patients. On the first postoperative day, prothrombin time was prolonged (range 16 to 22 seconds) in eight patients (38%). For these patients, thromboelastography was normal in six (75%), PF1 + 2 was elevated in four (50%), and thrombin-antithrombin complexes and von Willebrand Factor antigen were elevated in all, which was evidence of acute phase reaction, sustained coagulation factor turnover and activation. By the fifth postoperative day, despite normalisation of prothrombin time, markers of increased coagulation activity remained greater than 85% of baseline values. The findings indicate that in patients undergoing liver resection for cancer, there is significant and prolonged postoperative activation of the haemostatic system despite routine coagulation tests being normal or even prolonged. Before considering therapeutic interventions an integrated approach to interpreting haematological data with clinical correlation is essential.

  4. [A case of double cancer of gastric and hepatocellular carcinoma associated with cirrhosis treated by hepatic resection after intra-hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy].

    PubMed

    Une, Y; Nagabuchi, E; Ogasawara, K; Kamiyama, T; Sato, Y; Kawamukai, Y; Sato, N; Nakajima, Y; Uchino, J

    1990-08-01

    A case of double cancer, early gastric cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma, was reported. The patient was diabetic and had liver cirrhosis. After gastrectomy for gastric cancer which was hemorrhagic, he was treated by intra-hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy followed by hepatic resection. Histopathologically, about half of the main tumor showed necrosis, but very viable new cancer cell nests were seen around the main nodule. The patient is in good condition without recurrence of hepatic lesion 1 year after resection. The usefulness of arterial infusion chemotherapy was demonstrated in the case of double cancer, in which it is difficult to resect both cancers simultaneously.

  5. Hepatic resection during cytoreductive surgery for primary or recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer.

    PubMed

    Gasparri, Maria Luisa; Grandi, Giovanni; Bolla, Daniele; Gloor, Beat; Imboden, Sara; Panici, Pierluigi Benedetti; Mueller, Michael D; Papadia, Andrea

    2016-07-01

    Surgical cytoreduction remains a cornerstone in the management of patients with advanced and recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer. Parenchymal liver metastases determine stage VI disease and are commonly considered a major limit in the achievement of an optimal cytoreduction. The purpose of this manuscript was to discuss the rationale of liver resection and the morbidity related to this procedure in advanced and recurrent ovarian cancer. A search of the National Library of Medicine's MEDLINE/PubMed database until March 2015 was performed using the keywords: "ovarian cancer," "hepatic," "liver," and "metastases." In patients with liver metastases, hepatic resection is associated with a similar prognosis as stage IIIC patients. The length of the disease-free interval between primary diagnosis and occurrence of liver metastases, as well as residual disease after resection, is the most important prognostic factors. In addition, the number of liver lesions, resection margins, and the gynecologic oncology group performance status seem to play also an important role in determining outcome. In properly selected patients, liver resections at the time of cytoreduction increase rates of optimal cytoreduction and improve survival in advanced-stage and recurrent ovarian cancer patients.

  6. Portal triad clamping or hepatic vascular exclusion for major liver resection. A controlled study.

    PubMed Central

    Belghiti, J; Noun, R; Zante, E; Ballet, T; Sauvanet, A

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors compared operative course of patients undergoing major liver resections under portal triad clamping (PTC) or under hepatic vascular exclusion (HVE). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Reduced blood loss during liver resection is achieved by PTC or HVE. Specific complications and postoperative hepatocellular injury mediated with two procedures have not been compared. METHODS: Fifty-two noncirrhotic patients undergoing major liver resections were included in a prospective randomized study comparing both the intraoperative and postoperative courses under PTC (n = 24) or under HVE (n = 28). RESULTS: The two groups were similar at entry, but eight patients were crossed over to the other group during resection. In the HVE group, hemodynamic intolerance occurred in four (14%) patients. In the PTC group, pedicular clamping was not efficient in four patients, including three with involvement of the cavohepatic intersection and one with persistent bleeding due to tricuspid insufficiency. Intraoperative blood losses and postoperative enzyme level reflecting hepatocellular injury were similar in the two groups. Mean operative duration and mean clampage duration were significantly increased after HVE. Postoperative abdominal collections and pulmonary complications were 2.5-fold higher after HVE but without statistical significance, whereas the mean length of postoperative hospital stay was longer after HVE. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that both methods of vascular occlusion are equally effective in reducing blood loss in major liver resections. The HVE is associated with unpredictable hemodynamic intolerance, increased postoperative complications with a longer hospital stay, and should be restricted to lesions involving the cavo-hepatic intersection. PMID:8757378

  7. Pyogenic hepatic abscess after pancreatic resection for chronic pancreatitis.

    PubMed

    Ravichandran, D; Carty, N J; Johnson, C D

    1995-01-01

    Seventeen patients underwent surgery for alcohol-induced chronic pancreatitis. Three patients later presented with pyogenic liver abscess. The time interval between surgery and presentation with hepatic abscess varied from 6 weeks to 3.5 years. All patients were diabetic, the presentation was insidious and all made an uneventful recovery, two with percutaneous drainage and one with antibiotics alone. The aetiology of this uncommon complication is discussed.

  8. Predictors of recurrence in hepatitis C virus related hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatic resection: a retrospective cohort study.

    PubMed

    Wahab, Mohamed Abdel; Shehta, Ahmed; Hamed, Hosam; El Nakeeb, Ayman; Salah, Tarek

    2014-02-01

    Egypt is one of the hot spots in the international map of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which is where hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the major risk factor in development of HCC (80%). Due to low organ donation rates and lack of deceased liver transplantation, hepatic resection is the main line of treatment for HCC patients with sufficient liver reserve. We introduce our experience with patients who had HCV related HCC who underwent hepatic re-section to determine various predictors of tumour recurrence in this group. This is the first study to come from a country where chronic HCV hepatitis is endemic. This is a retrospective cohort study of 208 cases of HCC in hepatitis C virus positive patients with cirrhotic livers who underwent first-time liver resection, in Gastroenterology Surgical Centre, Mansoura University, Egypt during the period from January 2002 to December 2011. Shapiro-Wilk test was used to assess normality of data. Predictors of HCC recurrence were assessed by bivariate correlation tests, univariate analysis using the chi-square and t-test and binary logistic regression analysis. A P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Tumour recurrence occurred in 88 patients (42.3%). Most of the recurrences occurred within the first year 55 patients (62.5%). The most common site for recurrence was the liver (n=68, 77.3%). Based on the univariate analysis; significant variables predicting tumor recurrence were alpha feto-protein (AFP), blood transfusion, multi-focality, cut margin, microvascular invasion, lack of capsule, tumour grade and stage. Based on multivariate analysis, the main variables predicting tumor recurrence were blood transfusion, cut margin, tumour capsule and microvascular invasion. Although the predictors of recurrence are the same for both HBV and HCV related HCC, the rate and aggressiveness of recurrence are higher in HCV related HCC.

  9. Telangiectatic variant of hepatic adenoma: clinicopathologic features and correlation between liver needle biopsy and resection.

    PubMed

    Mounajjed, Taofic; Wu, Tsung-Teh

    2011-09-01

    Telangiectatic hepatic adenoma (THA) is a benign neoplasm treated by resection. The role of liver needle biopsy in identifying THA before resection has not been evaluated. We identified 55 patients who have undergone resection for hepatic adenoma (HA), THA, or focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) after needle biopsy. Needle biopsies and resections were evaluated for the following: (1) abortive portal tracts; (2) sinusoidal dilatation; (3) ductular reaction; (4) inflammation; (5) aberrant naked vessels; (6) nodules, fibrous septa, and/or central stellate scar. THA diagnosis was made if the lesion had the first 4 criteria and lacked criterion 6. Most patients (36 of 55), including patients with THA (12 of 16), had multiple lesions (0.2 to 14.4 cm). Patients with THA showed no difference in age, body mass index, prevalence of diabetes or glucose intolerance, or presence of oral contraceptive (OCP) use from patients with HA or FNH, but patients with THA had longer periods of OCP use than patients with HA. Thirty-one percent of THAs had tumor hemorrhage. Of sampled THAs, 27% showed steatosis compared with 76% of sampled HAs (P<0.05). All resected HAs and FNHs were correctly diagnosed on needle biopsy. Of 14 patients with resected THA, 3 histologic patterns were noted on needle biopsy: (1) All THA criteria and naked vessels were present in 6 patients (43%). (2) Consistent with HA: naked vessels only were present in 4 patients (29%). (3) Suggestive of THA: some but not all THA criteria were present in 4 patients (29%). No needle biopsy of a THA was misdiagnosed as FNH. Although evaluation of resection specimens is the gold standard for diagnosis of THA, liver needle biopsy is a useful diagnostic tool that leads to adequate treatment.

  10. Punch resection alaplasty technique in dogs and cats with stenotic nares: 14 cases.

    PubMed

    Trostel, C Todd; Frankel, Daniel J

    2010-01-01

    Punch resection alaplasty is a previously unreported surgical technique for the management of stenotic nares. Nine dogs underwent the procedure in conjunction with soft palate resection and/or laryngeal sacculectomy. Three dogs and two cats were treated with the novel punch resection alaplasty technique alone. Symmetrical resection was achieved, providing excellent cosmesis. Good to excellent results were achieved in all cases, with owners feeling that their pet's overall well being was improved following surgery.

  11. Hepatic resection for primary giant leiomyoma of the liver

    PubMed Central

    Ciciliano, F; lannelli, A; Marano, I

    2001-01-01

    Background Smooth muscle tumours are common in the genito-urinary and gastro-intestinal tracts, but primary leiomyoma of the liver is extremely rare. Only a few cases have been reported to date. Case outline We report a case of giant leiomyoma of the liver in a 67-year-old woman that was treated by an extended right hepatectomy. There was no evidence of leiomyoma elsewhere in the abdomen (including the uterus). Discussion This appears to be the largest hepatic leiomyoma reported in the literature. PMID:18333008

  12. Aberrant right hepatic artery in pancreaticoduodenectomy for adenocarcinoma: impact on resectability and postoperative outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Peter T W; Temple, Sara; Atenafu, Eshetu G; Cleary, Sean P; Moulton, Carol-Anne; McGilvray, Ian D; Gallinger, Steven; Greig, Paul D; Wei, Alice C

    2014-01-01

    Objectives:  An aberrant right hepatic artery (aRHA) may pose technical and oncologic challenges during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) as a result of its proximity to the head of the pancreas. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of an aRHA on resectability, and perioperative and oncologic outcomes after PD for PA. Methods:  An 11-year retrospective cohort study was conducted. A total of 289 patients with PA scheduled for PD with intent for resection were included in the study. Results:  Of 289 patients, 249 underwent PD and 40 were found to have unresectable tumours. Incidences of aRHA in the resectable (14.9%) and unresectable (7.5%) groups were similar (P = 0.2); the main reasons for aborting PD were not directly related to the presence of an aRHA. In patients who underwent resection, complications occurred more frequently in the standard PD group (41.5% versus 24.3%; P = 0.04), but there was no difference in rates of positive margin (R1) resection (10.8% versus 16.0%; P = 0.4) or median overall survival (17 months versus 23 months; P = 0.1) between patients with and without an aRHA. Conclusions:  The presence of an aRHA in patients with PA does not affect resectability. In patients with resectable tumours, the presence of an aRHA does not increase morbidity or R1 resection rates and does not impact on overall survival. PMID:23782313

  13. Safety of hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in obese patients with cirrhosis.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Shogo; Iimuro, Yuji; Hirano, Tadamichi; Hai, Seikan; Suzumura, Kazuhiro; Nakamura, Ikuo; Kondo, Yuichi; Fujimoto, Jiro

    2013-11-01

    This study aimed at investigating the safety of hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in obese patients with cirrhosis in Japan. We reviewed the clinical records of 202 patients with liver cirrhosis, who underwent hepatic resection for HCC between January, 2001 and August, 2011. The patients were divided into three groups according to their body mass index (BMI): the normal body weight (BMI < 24.9 kg/m(2)), obese class I (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m(2)), and obese class II (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) groups. We compared the patient backgrounds, intraoperative factors, and postoperative complications among the three groups. The normal body weight, obese class I, and obese class II groups comprised 138 (68.3 %), 55 (27.2 %), and 9 (4.5 %) patients, respectively. The incidence of non-B non-C cirrhosis was higher in the obese class II group (22 %) than in the normal body weight group (14 %, p = 0.034). Intraoperative blood loss tended to be higher in the obese class II patients than in the other two groups. Postoperative complications and mortality did not differ significantly among the three groups. According to multivariate analysis, obesity was not a risk factor for postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo classification Grade III or higher) or mortality. Hepatic resection for HCC can be performed safely in obese patients with cirrhosis.

  14. Biliary obstruction due to a huge simple hepatic cyst treated with laparoscopic resection.

    PubMed

    Kaneya, Yohei; Yoshida, Hiroshi; Matsutani, Takeshi; Hirakata, Atsushi; Matsushita, Akira; Suzuki, Seiji; Yokoyama, Tadashi; Maruyama, Hiroshi; Sasajima, Koji; Uchida, Eiji

    2011-01-01

    Most hepatic cysts are asymptomatic, but complications occasionally occur. We describe a patient with biliary obstruction due to a huge simple hepatic cyst treated with laparoscopic resection. A 60-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our hospital because of a nontender mass in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. Laboratory tests revealed the following: serum total bilirubin, 0.6 mg/dL; serum aspartate aminotransferase, 100 IU/L; serum alanine aminotransferase, 78 IU/L; serum alkaline phosphatase, 521 IU/L; and serum gamma glutamic transpeptidase, 298 IU/L. Abdominal computed tomography, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography revealed a huge hepatic cyst, 13 cm in diameter, at the hepatic hilum, accompanied by dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct and obstruction of the common bile duct. We diagnosed biliary obstruction due to a huge hepatic cyst at the hepatic hilum, and laparoscopic surgery was performed. A huge hepatic cyst was seen at the hepatic hilum. After needle puncture of the huge cyst, the anterior wall of the cyst was unroofed, and cholecystectomy was done. Intraoperative cholangiography through a cystic duct revealed stenosis of the duct. Subsequent decapsulation of the cyst was performed in front of the common bile duct. After this procedure, cholangiography revealed that the stenosis of the common bile duct had resolved. Histopathological examination of the surgical specimen confirmed the hepatic cyst was benign. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the results of liver function tests normalized. The patient was discharged 7 days after operation. Computed tomography 3 months after operation revealed disappearance of the hepatic cyst and no dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct.

  15. Hepatic resection beyond barcelona clinic liver cancer indication: When and how

    PubMed Central

    Garancini, Mattia; Pinotti, Enrico; Nespoli, Stefano; Romano, Fabrizio; Gianotti, Luca; Giardini, Vittorio

    2016-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the main common primary tumour of the liver and it is usually associated with cirrhosis. The barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) classification has been approved as guidance for HCC treatment algorithms by the European Association for the Study of Liver and the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease. According to this algorithm, hepatic resection should be performed only in patients with small single tumours of 2-3 cm without signs of portal hypertension (PHT) or hyperbilirubinemia. BCLC classification has been criticised and many studies have shown that multiple tumors and large tumors, as wide as those with macrovascular infiltration and PHT, could benefit from liver resection. Consequently, treatment guidelines should be revised and patients with intermediate/advanced stage HCC, when technically resectable, should receive the opportunity to be treated with radical surgical treatment. Nevertheless, the surgical treatment of HCC on cirrhosis is complex: The goal to be oncologically radical has always to be balanced with the necessity to minimize organ damage. The aim of this review was to analyze when and how liver resection could be indicated beyond BCLC indication. In particular, the role of multidisciplinary approach to assure a proper indication, of the intraoperative ultrasound for intra-operative restaging and resection guidance and of laparoscopy to minimize surgical trauma have been enhanced. PMID:27099652

  16. Comparing epidural analgesia and ON-Q infiltrating catheters for pain management after hepatic resection

    PubMed Central

    Gebhardt, Rodolfo; Feng, Lei; Dong, Wenli; Reich, Margaret; Curley, Steven

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives Pain control after hepatic resection presents unique challenges as subcostal incisions, rib retraction, and diaphragmatic irritation can lead to significant pain. Both epidural analgesia and ON-Q catheters have been used for postoperative pain management after hepatic surgery, but to our knowledge have not been directly compared. Methods The records of 143 patient between the ages 18 and 70 were reviewed who underwent hepatic resection by a single surgeon. Patients were categorized according to method of postoperative pain control. Average pain scores for both study groups were collected until POD#3. Results Demographic data and the length of surgery were similar between the groups (all p>0.05). On the day of surgery and POD#1, average pain scores for the epidural group were lower than the ON-Q group (P<0.0001 and P=0.0008 respectively). There was no difference in pain scores on POD #2 (P=.2369) or POD #3 (P=0.2289). Conclusions Epidural analgesia provides superior pain control on the day of surgery and POD#1 when compared to On-Q catheter with IV PCA. There was no difference in pain scores on POD#2 or POD#3. Future prospective randomized trials comparing these analgesic methods will be required to further evaluate enhanced recovery after hepatic surgery. PMID:25580374

  17. Effects of Liver Resection on Hepatic Short-Chain Fatty Acid Metabolism in Humans

    PubMed Central

    Neis, Evelien P. J. G.; Bloemen, Johanne G.; Rensen, Sander S.; van der Vorst, Joost R.; van den Broek, Maartje A.; Venema, Koen; Buurman, Wim A.; Dejong, Cornelis H. C.

    2016-01-01

    Aim To determine whether acute loss of liver tissue affects hepatic short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) clearance. Methods Blood was sampled from the radial artery, portal vein, and hepatic vein before and after hepatic resection in 30 patients undergoing partial liver resection. Plasma SCFA levels were measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. SCFA exchange across gut and liver was calculated from arteriovenous differences and plasma flow. Liver volume was estimated by CT liver volumetry. Results The gut produced significant amounts of acetate, propionate, and butyrate (39.4±13.5, 6.2±1.3, and 9.5±2.6 μmol·kgbw-1·h-1), which did not change after partial hepatectomy (p = 0.67, p = 0.59 and p = 0.24). Hepatic propionate uptake did not differ significantly before and after resection (-6.4±1.4 vs. -8.4±1.5 μmol·kgbw-1·h-1, p = 0.49). Hepatic acetate and butyrate uptake increased significantly upon partial liver resection (acetate: -35.1±13.0 vs. -39.6±9.4 μmol·kgbw-1·h-1, p = 0.0011; butyrate: -9.9±2.7 vs. -11.5±2.4 μmol·kgbw-1·h-1, p = 0.0006). Arterial SCFA concentrations were not different before and after partial liver resection (acetate: 176.9±17.3 vs. 142.3±12.5 μmol/L, p = 0.18; propionate: 7.2±1.4 vs. 5.6±0.6 μmol/L, p = 0.38; butyrate: 4.3±0.7 vs. 3.6±0.6 μmol/L, p = 0.73). Conclusion The liver maintains its capacity to clear acetate, propionate, and butyrate from the portal blood upon acute loss of liver tissue. PMID:27835668

  18. Economic model of observation versus immediate resection of hepatic adenomas.

    PubMed

    Vanounou, Tsafrir; Groeschl, Ryan T; Geller, David A; Marsh, J Wallis; Gamblin, T Clark

    2012-09-15

    For small asymptomatic hepatic adenomas (HA), available data are insufficient to establish the superiority of either observation or surgery. We sought to investigate the cost-effectiveness of two initial management strategies. We performed a comparative analysis of two theoretical cohorts of 100 patients with small (<5 cm), asymptomatic HA. Discounted cash flow (DCF) models compared the net present value (NPV) of both treatment options at year 10 under three distinct progression rate scenarios. A break-even (BE) analysis was used to determine the BE point at which the NPV for observation and immediate surgery intersect. The NPV for immediate surgery was $1,733,955. The NPV for observation varied between $2,065,315-$2,745,631 for computed tomography (CT), $2,264,575-$2,929,541 for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and $802,837-$1,580,413 for ultrasound (US). The BE point was between 6 and 8 years for CT and 5-7 years for MRI. The BE point for US was not reached except in the highest progression rate scenario (12 years). This study highlights the importance of the underlying progression rate and the cost of imaging when following patients with asymptomatic HA. Overall, US surveillance is the most cost-efficient approach to observing small asymptomatic HA. If cross-sectional imaging is utilized, then immediate surgery is the most cost-effective decision at 5-8 years. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Extracorporeal hepatic resection and autotransplantation for primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the liver.

    PubMed

    Mao, L; Chen, J; Liu, Z; Liu, C-J; Tang, M; Qiu, Y-D

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the liver. A 60-year-old woman with a large mass in the liver was asymptomatic with no hepatic virus infection and negative tumor markers. Because the tumor was unresectable by conventional means, we used extracorporeal hepatic resection and autotransplantation (ECHRA) for operation. The pathology showed a gastrointestinal stromal tumor that was diagnosed based on positive immunostaining for c-kit and CD34. Mutation analysis revealed an acquired mutation in exon 11 of c-kit. As we know, this is the eighth case of a primary hepatic extragastrointestinal stromal tumor reported previously in English, and the first case of which that was treated with ECHRA. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Should hepatic metastatic colorectal cancer patients with extrahepatic disease undergo liver resection/ablation?

    PubMed

    Byam, Jerome; Reuter, Nathaniel P; Woodall, Charles E; Scoggins, Charles R; McMasters, Kelly M; Martin, Robert C G

    2009-11-01

    Surgical therapy has been proven to be the mainstay of treatment for hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer (CRM) in the appropriate patient. Previous contraindications were patients with extrahepatic disease (EHD) do not benefit from liver resection or ablation. We hypothesized that the survival of patients with EHD who receive aggressive multimodality care would be the same as those without EHD. A review of our 1305 patient prospective hepato-pancreatico-biliary database from August 1995 to April 2008 identified 383 patients with surgical management of metastatic CRM to the liver. A total of 39 patients with limited EHD underwent liver resection/ablation vs 344 patients without EHD. There were no significant differences in hepatic disease burden (mean clinical risk score of 2.3 and 2.1 in patients with and without EHD, P=.19, and median number of hepatic metastases of 2 in each group, P=.88) or size of the largest lesion (mean 4.6 vs 4.5 cm with and without EHD, P=.84). EHD consisted of lung metastases in 33%, nodal metastases in 21%, peritoneal in 15%, unknown in 15%, and other in 15%. There was no difference in patients with and without EHD undergoing surgical with resection only in 41% vs 48%, ablation only in 31% vs 30%, and combined resection and ablation in 28% vs 22% (P=.61). Overall survival in patients with EHD was not significantly different (median survival 24 vs 33 months, P=.06). A thorough understanding of the biology of disease and appropriate multimodality care can lead to improved survival in patients with EHD, when compared with chemotherapy alone.

  1. [Prevention of gastrostasis after pancreaticoduodenal resection: new technique of gastroenterostomy].

    PubMed

    Skipenko, O G; Bedzhanian, A L; Shatverian, G A; Bagmet, N N; Chardarov, N K

    2015-01-01

    It was performed a retrospective comparative analysis of treatment results of 113 patients with pancreatic head and periampular cancer. The main group consisted of 58 patients in whom pancreaticoduodenal resection was performed according to an original technique of Russian Scientific Center of Surgery. Control group included 55 patients who underwent end-to-side gastrojejunostomy reconstruction. We have analyzed immediate postoperative complications in 2 groups without taking into consideration nosological forms of the disease. Pancreaticojejunostomy failure was diagnosed postoperatively in 5 (8.6%) patients in main group and in 10 (18.2%) patients in control group. There was no hepaticoentero- and gastroenterostomy failure in patients who underwent new technique of gastrojejunostomy while these events were observed in 8 (14.5%) and 3 (5.5%) patients respectively in control group. Mortality was 1.7% (n=1) in main group and 5.5% (n=3) in control group (p=0.29). Mild degree of gastrostasis (A class) was observed in 54 (93.7%) patients of main group and in 34 (61.8%) patients of control group (p=0.0004). There was B class of gastrostasis in 4 (6.9%) patients of main group. Severe gastrostasis (C class) was not revealed in any observation. In control group B class of gastrostasis was diagnosed in 14 (25.5%) patients, severe degree - in 7 (12.7%) patients. Univariant analysis showed hemotransfusion (p=0.037), pancreatic fistula (p=0.001), enteric fistula (p=0.005) and reconstruction technique (p=0.00004) as predictors of gastrostasis. Multivariant analysis defined pancreatic fistula (p=0.01), enteric fistula (p=0.04) and reconstruction technique (p=0.001) as significant predictors of gastrostasis. Thus, our study revealed significant decreasing gastrostasis incidence in case of original technique in comparison with conventional anastomosis, as well as demonstrated effect of anastomoses failure on augmentation of gastrostasis frequency after pancreaticoduodenal resection

  2. Mechanical comparison of iliosacral reconstruction techniques after sarcoma resection.

    PubMed

    Louer, Craig R; Nassif, Nader A; Brodt, Michael D; Leib, Daniel J; Silva, Matthew J; McDonald, Douglas J

    2016-10-01

    Reconstruction of iliosacral defects following oncologic resection is a difficult clinical problem associated with a high incidence of failure. Technical approaches to this problem are heterogeneous and evidence supporting specific techniques is sparse. Maximizing construct stability may improve union rates and functional outcomes. The purpose of this study is to compare construct stiffness, load to failure, and mechanism of failure between two methods of iliosacral reconstruction in an ex-vivo model to determine if either is mechanically superior. Eight third-generation composite pelves reconstructed with a plate-and-screw technique were tested against seven pelves reconstructed with a minimal spinal instrumentation technique using axial loading in a double-leg stance model. The pelves from the plate group demonstrated higher stiffness in the direction of applied load (102.9 vs. 66.8N/mm; p=0.010) and endured a significantly larger maximum force (1416 vs. 1059N; p=0.015) than the rod group prior to failure. Subjectively, the rod-reconstructed pelves were noted to be rotationally unconstrained while pivoting around their single point-of fixation in each segment leading to earlier failure. Plate-reconstruction was mechanically superior to spinal instrumentation in the manner performed in this study. More than one point of fixation in each segment should be achieved to minimize the risk of rotational deformation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Multivariate analysis of a personal series of 247 consecutive patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer. I. Treatment by hepatic resection.

    PubMed

    Fortner, J G; Silva, J S; Golbey, R B; Cox, E B; Maclean, B J

    1984-03-01

    In the United States, there are an estimated 5000 to 6000 new patients annually who might be candidates for major hepatic resection to treat their recurrent colon cancer. Since 1971, the program reported here has evaluated various factors that might influence the curative potential of such an approach. Sixty-five patients had a major hepatic resection from March 1971 through May 1982. Using a stepwise proportional hazard analysis, all data that had been stored in CLINFO (a data analysis system by Bolt, Beranek and Newman; Boston, MA) were evaluated for the effect of multiple variables on the survival of patients with resected hepatic metastases. Twenty-seven had a right hepatic lobectomy; 14 had extended right hepatectomy with one having the caudate lobe also removed; ten had left lobectomy, nine had left lateral segmentectomy; and five had a major hepatic resection with three-dimensional wedge excision of a metastatic deposit in the contralateral lobe. The 30-day operative mortality rate was 7% (4/58) for patients undergoing the standard major hepatic resection. It was 14% for seven patients in whom the isolation-hypothermic perfusion technique was used early in the series. In ten patients, wedge excision only was required to remove the tumor. Stage I disease is defined as tumor confined to the resected portion of the liver without invasion of major intrahepatic vessels or bile ducts. Stage II disease is regional spread and Stage III disease is metastasis to lymph nodes or extraregional sites. The 3-year survival estimate was 66% for the 37 patients with Stage I disease. The 3-year survival estimate for 13 patients with Stage II disease was 58%. Five of the nine patients with Stage III disease are presently alive from 3 to 23 months; one of the other four died at 35 months of disease. The stage of liver disease was the most significant variable in this survival analysis (p = 0.02); Dukes' classification of colorectal primary was significant at p less than 0

  4. Endometrial resection and ablation techniques for heavy menstrual bleeding.

    PubMed

    Lethaby, Anne; Penninx, Josien; Hickey, Martha; Garry, Ray; Marjoribanks, Jane

    2013-08-30

    Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is a significant health problem in premenopausal women; it can reduce their quality of life and cause anaemia. First-line therapy has traditionally been medical therapy but this is frequently ineffective. On the other hand, hysterectomy is obviously 100% effective in stopping bleeding but is more costly and can cause severe complications. Endometrial ablation is less invasive and preserves the uterus, although long-term studies have found that the costs of ablative surgery approach the cost of hysterectomy due to the requirement for repeat procedures. A large number of techniques have been developed to 'ablate' (remove) the lining of the endometrium. The gold standard techniques (laser, transcervical resection of the endometrium and rollerball) require visualisation of the uterus with a hysteroscope and, although safe, require skilled surgeons. A number of newer techniques have recently been developed, most of which are less time consuming. However, hysteroscopy may still be required as part of the ablative techniques and some of these techniques must be considered to be still under development, requiring refinement and investigation. To compare the efficacy, safety and acceptability of of endometrial destruction techniques to reduce heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) in premenopausal women. We searched the Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group Specialised Register of controlled trials, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycInfo, (from inception to June 2013). We also searched trials registers, other sources of unpublished or grey literature and reference lists of retrieved studies, and made contact with experts in the field and pharmaceutical companies that manufacture ablation devices. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different endometrial ablation techniques in women with a complaint of HMB without uterine pathology were eligible. The outcomes included

  5. Hepatic Resection-Related Hypophosphatemia Is of Renal Origin as Manifested by Isolated Hyperphosphaturia

    PubMed Central

    Salem, Ronald R.; Tray, Kory

    2005-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this study was to elucidate and define the pathophysiological mechanism(s) responsible for the clinically relevant phenomenon of posthepatic resection hypophosphatemia. Summary Background Data: Although biochemically significant hypophosphatemia has been described after major hepatic resection, no mechanism or validated scientific explanation exists. The phenomenon is of considerable clinical relevance because numerous patients, after hepatic resection, develop significant hypophosphatemia requiring large doses of phosphate replacement to maintain metabolic homeostasis. This event has previously been empirically ascribed to amplified phosphate utilization of regenerating hepatocytes, although no rigorous data attest to this postulate. Recent data identifying a novel mechanism of phosphaturia in X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets, autosomal-dominant hypophosphatemic rickets, and oncogenic osteomalacia demonstrate that elevated levels of novel circulating phosphaturic factors such as fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) and PHEX are responsible for phosphate wasting. We hypothesize that posthepatectomy hypophosphatemia reflects a derangement of normal hepatorenal messaging and is the result of a disruption of renal phosphate handling consequent on aberrations in the metabolism of an as yet unrecognized chemical messenger(s) responsible for tubular phosphate homeostasis. This postulate has not previously been proposed or examined. Methods: Twenty patients undergoing hepatic resection were studied prospectively with respect to serum phosphate, phosphate requirements, as well as renal phosphate handling. Fractional excretion of phosphate was calculated on a daily basis. To confirm the relationship between phosphate loss and a circulating renal-targeted messenger, the plasma levels of the circulating phosphaturic factor FGF-23 were measured using a c-terminal assay both pre- and postoperatively. Results: All patients developed hypophosphatemia

  6. How Far Can We Go with Laparoscopic Liver Resection for Hepatocellular Carcinoma? Laparoscopic Sectionectomy of the Liver Combined with the Resection of the Major Hepatic Vein Main Trunk

    PubMed Central

    Morise, Zenichi; Kawabe, Norihiko; Tomishige, Hirokazu; Nagata, Hidetoshi; Kawase, Jin; Arakawa, Satoshi; Isetani, Masashi

    2015-01-01

    Although the reports of laparoscopic major liver resection are increasing, hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) close to the liver hilum and/or major hepatic veins are still considered contraindications. There is virtually no report of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for HCC which involves the main trunk of major hepatic veins. We present our method for the procedure. We experienced 6 cases: 3 right anterior, 2 left medial, and 1 right posterior extended sectionectomies with major hepatic vein resection; tumor sizes are within 40–75 (median: 60) mm. The operating time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative hospital stay are within 341–603 (median: 434) min, 100–750 (300) ml, and 8–44 (18) days. There was no mortality and 1 patient developed postoperative pleural effusion. For these procedures, we propose that the steps listed below are useful, taking advantages of the laparoscopy-specific view. (1) The Glissonian pedicle of the section is encircled and clamped. (2) Liver transection on the ischemic line is performed in the caudal to cranial direction. (3) During transection, the clamped Glissonian pedicle and the peripheral part of hepatic vein are divided. (4) The root of hepatic vein is divided in the good view from caudal and dorsal direction. PMID:26448949

  7. Posthepatectomy liver failure after simultaneous versus staged resection of colorectal cancer and synchronous hepatic metastases*

    PubMed Central

    PATRONO, D.; PARALUPPI, G.; PERINO, M.; PALISI, M.; MIGLIARETTI, G.; BERCHIALLA, P.; ROMAGNOLI, R.; SALIZZONI, M.

    2014-01-01

    Background Posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is the third most frequent complication and the major cause of postoperative mortality after resection of colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM). In case of synchronous resectable CRLM, it is still unclear if surgical strategy (simultaneous versus staged resection of colorectal cancer and hepatic metastases) influences the incidence and severity of PHLF. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of surgical strategy on PHLF and on the early and long-term outcome. Patients and Methods Retrospective study on 106 consecutive patients undergoing hepatectomy for synchronous CRLM between 1997 and 2012. Results Of 106 patients, 46 underwent simultaneous resection and 60 had staged hepatectomy. The rate of PHLF was similar between groups (16.7% vs 15.2%; p=1) and subgroup analysis restricted to patients undergoing major hepatectomy confirmed this observation (31.8% vs 23.8%; p=0.56). Propensity-score analysis showed that pre-operative total bilirubin level and the amount of intra-operative blood transfusion were independently associated with an increased risk of PHLF. Nevertheless, the risk of severe PHLF (grade B – C) was increased in patients who underwent simultaneous resection and major hepatectomy (OR: 4.82; p=0.035). No significant differences were observed in severe (Dindo – Clavien 3 – 4) postoperative morbidity (23.9% vs 20.0%; p=0.64) and survival (3 and 5-year survival: 55% and 34% vs 56% and 33%; p=0.83). Conclusions The risk of PHLF is not associated with surgical strategy in the treatment of synchronous CRLM. Nevertheless, the risk of severe PHLF is increased in patients undergoing simultaneous resection and major hepatectomy. PMID:24841686

  8. Hepatic resection for giant haemangioma in a patient with a contemporaneous adult polycystic liver disease.

    PubMed

    Levi Sandri, G B; Lai, Q; Melandro, F; Guglielmo, N; Garofalo, M; Morabito, V; Cirelli, C; Lucatelli, P; Di Laudo, M; Rossi, M; Berloco, P B

    2012-01-01

    Hepatic resection for giant haemangioma in a patient with a contemporaneous adult polycystic liver disease. According to Gigot classification, and to the characteristics of haemangioma surgery in these patients can be considered safe. We report the case of a 55 year-old man affected by an adult polycystic liver disease (PCLD) and a contemporaneous symptomatic haemangioma of the III segment. At the preoperative imaging scans, APCLD was classified in a type II grading according to Gigot classification. The patient underwent surgery: a wedge resection of the III segment with the exportation of the haemangioma and a fenestration of a large cyst placed in the VIII segment were performed. Post-operative course was regular and the patient was discharged uneventfully in post-operative 9th day, with a total regress of the initial symptoms. APCLD and haemangioma are two benign conditions that do not require surgery except if they cause important symptoms, such as pain. The good clinical conditions of the patient, the moderate gravity of the APCLD and the particular exofitic localisation of the cavernous haemangioma gave us the possibility to make a safe surgery for the patient. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case reported in literature in which a liver resection for haemangioma in patient with APCLD was performed. In conclusion, liver resection for haemangioma is not contraindicated, mainly if it is symptomatic, even in the contemporaneous presence of an APCLD.

  9. A novel transurethral resection technique for superficial flat bladder tumor: Grasp and bite technique

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Kyung Jin; Choi, Yoo-Duk; Chung, Ho Suck; Hwang, Eu Chang; Jung, Seung Il; Kwon, Dong Deuk

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) can be a challenging procedure for an inexperienced surgeon. We suggest an easy technique for TURBT, which we have named the "grasp and bite" technique. We describe this technique and compare its effectiveness and safety with that of conventional TURBT. Materials and Methods Monopolar TURBT (24-Fr Karl Storz) was performed in 35 patients who had superficial bladder tumors. After defining the tumor margin, the tumor and surrounding mucosa were grasped by use of a loop electrode and resectoscope sheath. With tight grasping, linear moving resection was performed. The patients' demographic, intraoperative, and postoperative data were analyzed between the conventional and grasp and bite TURBT groups. Results Of 35 patients, 16 patients underwent conventional TURBT (group 1), and the other 19 patients underwent grasp and bite TURBT (group 2). Both groups were similar in age, tumor multiplicity, size, anesthesia method, and location. Grasp and bite TURBT could be performed as safely and effectively as conventional TURBT. There were no significant differences in irrigation duration, urethral catheterization, postoperative hemoglobin drop, or length of hospital stay. No significant side effects such as bladder perforation, severe obturator reflex, or persistent bleeding occurred. There were no significant pathological differences between specimens according to the type of resection technique. Conclusions The grasp and bite TURBT technique was feasible for superficial bladder tumors. It may be a good tool for inexperienced surgeons owing to its convenient and easy manner. PMID:25763127

  10. [Endoscopic modified technique of ureteral resection during nephroureterectomy].

    PubMed

    Aguirre Benites, F; Blanco Carballo, O; Pamplona Casamayor, M; Díaz González, R; Leiva Galvis, O

    2007-01-01

    We show a technical modification of the ureteral endoscopic resection with which we try to avoid comunication between urine and surgical bed in order to prevent tumor local spread of upper urotelial tumor.

  11. A comparison of open and minimally invasive surgery for hepatic and pancreatic resections using the nationwide inpatient sample

    PubMed Central

    Ejaz, Aslam; Sachs, Teviah; He, Jin; Spolverato, Gaya; Hirose, Kenzo; Ahuja, Nita; Wolfgang, Christopher L.; Makary, Martin A.; Weiss, Matthew; Pawlik, Timothy M.

    2015-01-01

    Background The use of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques for pancreatic and liver operations remains ill defined. We sought to compare inpatient outcomes among patients undergoing open versus MIS pancreas and liver operations using a nationally representative cohort. Methods We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database for all major pancreatic and hepatic resections performed between 2000 and 2011. Appropriate International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9) coding modifiers for laparoscopy and robotic assist were used to categorize procedures as MIS. Demographics, comorbidities, and inpatient outcomes were compared between the open and MIS groups. Results A total of 65,033 resections were identified (pancreas, n = 36,195 [55.7%]; liver, n = 28,035 [43.1%]; combined pancreas and liver, n = 803 [1.2%]). The overwhelming majority of operations were performed open (n = 62,192, 95.6%), whereas 4.4% (n = 2,841) were MIS. The overall use of MIS increased from 2.3% in 2000 to 7.5% in 2011. Compared with patients undergoing an open operation, MIS patients were older and had a greater incidence of multiple comorbid conditions. After operation, the incidence of complications for MIS (pancreas, 35.4%; liver, 29.5%) was lower than for open (pancreas, 41.6%; liver, 33%) procedures (all P < .05) resulting in a shorter median length of stay (8 vs 7 days; P = .001) as well as a lower in-hospital mortality (5.1% vs 2.8%; P = .001). Conclusion During the last decade, the number of MIS pancreatic and hepatic operations has increased, with nearly 1 in 13 HPB cases now being performed via an MIS approach. Despite MIS patients tending to have more preoperative medical comorbidities, postoperative morbidity, mortality, and duration of stay compared favorably with open surgery. PMID:25017135

  12. Comparison of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy with or without hepatic arterial infusional chemotherapy after hepatic resection for metastatic colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    House, Michael G; Kemeny, Nancy E; Gönen, Mithat; Fong, Yuman; Allen, Peter J; Paty, Philip B; DeMatteo, Ronald P; Blumgart, Leslie H; Jarnagin, William R; D'Angelica, Michael I

    2011-12-01

    The potential benefit of adjuvant hepatic arterial infusional floxuridine (HAI-FUDR) in addition to modern systemic chemotherapy using oxaliplatin or irinotecan remains unknown for patients with resected liver-confined colorectal metastases (CRLM). The principle aim of this study was to compare outcomes in patients receiving modern systemic chemotherapy with or without HAI-FUDR. Between 2000 and 2005, 125 patients underwent resection of CRLM followed by adjuvant HAI-FUDR plus dexamethasone (Dex) and concurrent systemic chemotherapy including oxaliplatin or irinotecan. These patients were compared retrospectively to 125 consecutive patients who received modern systemic chemotherapy alone after liver resection. The median follow-up for all patients was 43 months. There were no differences in clinical risk score, disease-free interval, size of largest CRLM, number of CRLM, or prehepatectomy CEA level between the 2 groups. Adjuvant HAI-FUDR was associated with an improved overall and liver recurrence-free survival (liver RFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). For the adjuvant HAI-FUDR group, the 5-year liver RFS, overall RFS, and DSS were 75%, 48%, and 79%, respectively, compared to 55%, 25%, and 55% for the systemic alone group (P < 0.01). On multivariate analysis, adjuvant treatment including HAI-FUDR was independently associated with improved liver RFS (HR = 0.34), overall RFS (HR = 0.65), and DSS (HR = 0.39), P < 0.01. Adjuvant HAI-FUDR combined with modern systemic chemotherapy is independently associated with improved survival compared to adjuvant systemic chemotherapy alone. A randomized clinical trial between these 2 regimens is justified.

  13. Extended Resections for Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Neuhaus, Peter; Jonas, Sven; Bechstein, Wolf O.; Lohmann, Rüdiger; Radke, Cornelia; Kling, Norbert; Wex, Cora; Lobeck, Hartmut; Hintze, Rainer

    1999-01-01

    Objective To evaluate different strategies for extended resections of hilar cholangiocarcinomas on radicality and survival. Summary Background Data Surgical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma is the only potentially curative treatment. Resection of central bile duct carcinomas, however, cannot always comply with the general principles of surgical oncology to achieve wide tumor-free margins with no-touch techniques. Methods From 1988 to 1998, 95 patients underwent resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Eighty patients had hilar and hepatic resections and 15 had liver transplantation and partial pancreatoduodenectomy (LTPP;i.e., eradication of the entire biliary tract using a no-touch technique). Results The 60-day death rate was 8%. The overall 1- and 5-year survival rates were 67% and 22%, respectively. Five-year survival rates after R0, R1, and R2 resections were 37%, 9%, and 0%. In a multivariate analysis, surgical radicality was the strongest determinant of survival (p < 0.001). The rate of formally curative resection (R0 resection) was significantly lower in hilar resections (29%) than in liver resections (left hemihepatectomy 59%, right hemihepatectomy 55%, right trisegmentectomy 65%; p < 0.05). The highest rate of R0 resection was observed after LTPP (93%; p < 0.05). Right trisegmentectomies achieved the highest rate of 5-year survival after R0 resection (57%). In a multivariate analysis of patient survival after R0 resection, additional portal vein resection was the only significant factor. The 5-year survival rate after formally curative liver resection with portal vein resection was 65%versus 28% without. Conclusion Extended resections, especially right trisegmentectomies and LTPP, resulted in the highest rate of R0 resection. Right trisegmentectomy together with portal vein resection best represents the principles of surgical oncology and may be regarded as the surgical procedure of choice. Immunosuppression limits the applicability of LTPP. PMID

  14. Tips and tricks of the surgical technique for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: mesenteric approach and modified distal pancreatectomy with en-bloc celiac axis resection.

    PubMed

    Hirono, Seiko; Yamaue, Hiroki

    2015-02-01

    Borderline resectable (BR) pancreatic cancer involves the portal vein and/or superior mesenteric vein (PV/SMV), major arteries including the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) or common hepatic artery (CHA), and sometimes includes the involvement of the celiac axis. We herein describe tips and tricks for a surgical technique with video assistance, which may increase the R0 rates and decrease the mortality and morbidity for BR pancreatic cancer patients. First, we describe the techniques used for the "artery-first" approach for BR pancreatic cancer with involvement of the PV/SMV and/or SMA. Next, we describe the techniques used for distal pancreatectomy with en-bloc celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) and tips for decreasing the delayed gastric emptying (DGE) rates for advanced pancreatic body cancer. The mesenteric approach, followed by the dissection of posterior tissues of the SMV and SMA, is a feasible procedure to obtain R0 rates and decrease the mortality and morbidity, and the combination of this aggressive procedure and adjuvant chemo(radiation) therapy may improve the survival of BR pancreatic cancer patients. The DP-CAR procedure may increase the R0 rates for pancreatic cancer patients with involvement within 10 mm from the root of the splenic artery, as well as the CHA or celiac axis, and preserving the left gastric artery may lead to a decrease in the DGE rates in cases where there is more than 10 mm between the tumor edge and the root of the left gastric artery. The development of safer surgical procedures is necessary to improve the survival of BR pancreatic cancer patients. © 2014 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

  15. Comparison of topical hemostatic agents in elective hepatic resection: a clinical prospective randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Kohno, H; Nagasue, N; Chang, Y C; Taniura, H; Yamanoi, A; Nakamura, T

    1992-01-01

    To compare the difference in efficacy of microcrystalline collagen powder (CL) and fibrin glue (FG) in elective hepatic resection, 62 patients (female 14, male 48) with ages ranging from 51 to 75 years were randomly allocated to receive either CL or FG as a topical agent during hepatectomy. There were no significant differences between the patients treated with CL (n = 31) and those treated with FG (n = 31) regarding sex, age, liver function, coagulation function, platelet counts, type of liver resection, and operative duration. A dry cut surface of the liver was obtained during surgery in 27 (87%) patients and 25 (81%) patients treated with CL and FG, respectively. Both CL and FG showed similar hemostatic effects. The CL and FG groups were not different in terms of postoperative rebleeding, bile leakage, or morbidity and mortality rates (6% vs. 6%, 6% vs. 6%, 45% vs. 39%, and 13% vs. 10%, respectively). Of the 52 patients with a dry cut surface of the liver during surgery, 3 patients in the CL group encountered rebleeding (n = 1) or bile leakage (n = 2) from the cut surface postoperatively, while no such complications were noted in the FG group. The results seem to favor FG for reliability in the postoperative period. The application of CL or FG may be better performed with consideration of the characteristics of each agent.

  16. Digital histology quantification of intra-hepatic fat in patients undergoing liver resection.

    PubMed

    Parkin, E; O'Reilly, D A; Plumb, A A; Manoharan, P; Rao, M; Coe, P; Frystyk, J; Ammori, B; de Liguori Carino, N; Deshpande, R; Sherlock, D J; Renehan, A G

    2015-08-01

    High intra-hepatic fat (IHF) content is associated with insulin resistance, visceral adiposity, and increased morbidity and mortality following liver resection. However, in clinical practice, IHF is assessed indirectly by pre-operative imaging [for example, chemical-shift magnetic resonance (CS-MR)]. We used the opportunity in patients undergoing liver resection to quantify IHF by digital histology (D-IHF) and relate this to CT-derived anthropometrics, insulin-related serum biomarkers, and IHF estimated by CS-MR. A reproducible method for quantification of D-IHF using 7 histology slides (inter- and intra-rater concordance: 0.97 and 0.98) was developed. In 35 patients undergoing resection for colorectal cancer metastases, we measured: CT-derived subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue volumes, Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), fasting serum adiponectin, leptin and fetuin-A. We estimated relative IHF using CS-MR and developed prediction models for IHF using a factor-clustered approach. The multivariate linear regression models showed that D-IHF was best predicted by HOMA-IR (Beta coefficient(per doubling): 2.410, 95% CI: 1.093, 5.313) and adiponectin (β(per doubling): 0.197, 95% CI: 0.058, 0.667), but not by anthropometrics. MR-derived IHF correlated with D-IHF (rho: 0.626; p = 0.0001), but levels of agreement deviated in upper range values (CS-MR over-estimated IHF: regression versus zero, p = 0.009); this could be adjusted for by a correction factor (CF: 0.7816). Our findings show IHF is associated with measures of insulin resistance, but not measures of visceral adiposity. CS-MR over-estimated IHF in the upper range. Larger studies are indicated to test whether a correction of imaging-derived IHF estimates is valid. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Tips and tricks of surgical technique for pancreatic cancer: portal vein resection and reconstruction (with videos).

    PubMed

    Yoshitomi, Hideyuki; Kato, Atsushi; Shimizu, Hiroaki; Ohtsuka, Masayuki; Furukawa, Katsunori; Takayashiki, Tsukasa; Kuboki, Satoshi; Takano, Shigetsugu; Okamura, Daiki; Suzuki, Daisuke; Sakai, Nozomu; Kagawa, Shingo; Miyazaki, Masaru

    2014-09-01

    Surgical resection is the only hope for cure in patients with pancreatic cancer. To improve the resectability and achieve better prognosis of this lethal disease, extended resection for pancreatic cancer has been applied. We have performed portal vein resection aggressively for pancreatic cancer with portal vein invasion. We also established a method of portal vein reconstruction using the left renal vein graft for tumors widely extended to the portal vein. Our data show similar survival between patients with portal vein obstruction and those without invasion. We also show that portal vein reconstruction using the left renal vein graft can be performed safely without severe liver damage. With video, we introduce our surgical technique for portal vein resection and reconstruction, especially focusing on the usage of the left renal vein graft, providing several tips for a safe and successful procedure. © 2014 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

  18. Competing risk analysis on outcome after hepatic resection of hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients

    PubMed Central

    Cucchetti, Alessandro; Sposito, Carlo; Pinna, Antonio Daniele; Citterio, Davide; Cescon, Matteo; Bongini, Marco; Ercolani, Giorgio; Cotsoglou, Christian; Maroni, Lorenzo; Mazzaferro, Vincenzo

    2017-01-01

    AIM To investigate death for liver failure and for tumor recurrence as competing events after hepatectomy of hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS Data from 864 cirrhotic Child-Pugh class A consecutive patients, submitted to curative hepatectomy (1997-2013) at two tertiary referral hospitals, were used for competing-risk analysis through the Fine and Gray method, aimed at assessing in which circumstances the oncological benefit from tumour removal is greater than the risk of dying from hepatic decompensation. To accomplish this task, the average risk of these two competing events, over 5 years of follow-up, was calculated through the integral of each cumulative incidence function, and represented the main comparison parameter. RESULTS Within a median follow-up of 5.6 years, death was attributable to tumor recurrence in 63.5%, and to liver failure in 21.2% of cases. In the first 16 mo, the risk of dying due to liver failure exceeded that of dying due to tumor relapse. Tumor stage only affects death from recurrence; whereas hepatitis C infection, Model for End-stage Liver Disease score, extent of hepatectomy and portal hypertension influence death from liver failure (P < 0.05 in all cases). The combination of these clinical and tumoral features identifies those patients in whom the risk of dying from liver failure did not exceed the tumour-related mortality, representing optimal surgical candidates. It also identifies those clinical circumstances where the oncological benefit would be borderline or even where the surgery would be harmful. CONCLUSION Having knowledge of these competing events can be used to weigh the risks and benefits of hepatic resection in each clinical circumstance, separating optimal from non-optimal surgical candidates. PMID:28293094

  19. Novel technique for relieving anastomotic tension using halo-vest immobilization after tracheal sleeve resection.

    PubMed

    Imai, Kazuhiro; Minamiya, Yoshihiro; Saito, Hajime; Miyakoshi, Naohisa; Hongo, Michio; Kasukawa, Yuji; Ishikawa, Yoshinori; Motoyama, Satoru; Sato, Yusuke; Shimada, Yoichi; Ogawa, Jun-ichi

    2013-07-01

    We describe a novel technique of using halo-vest-enforced immobilization to relieve anastomotic tension after tracheal sleeve resection. Immediately after the tracheal sleeve resection, four halo titanium pins were inserted in the skulls of the patients to secure the halo-vest. All patients fitted with halo-vests were able to eat and drink and their clinical course was good. Bronchoscopy confirmed the absence of anastomotic leaks and stenoses, and there were no complications associated with the halo-vest. We believe that ensuring neck flexion using a halo-vest after tracheal sleeve resection is an excellent way of relieving anastomotic tension that would predispose the wound to dehiscence.

  20. HGF and SDF-1-mediated mobilization of CD133+ BMSC for hepatic regeneration following extensive liver resection.

    PubMed

    Lehwald, Nadja; Duhme, Constanze; Wildner, Marina; Kuhn, Stephanie; Fürst, Günter; Forbes, Stuart J; Jonas, Sven; Robson, Simon C; Knoefel, Wolfram T; Schmelzle, Moritz; Schulte Am Esch, Jan

    2014-01-01

    The molecular mechanisms of haematopoietic stem cells (HSC) mobilization and homing to the liver after partial hepatectomy (PH) remain largely unexplored. Functional liver volume loss and regain was determined by computerized tomography (CT) volumetry in 30 patients following PH. Peripheral HSC mobilization was investigated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analyses and cytokine enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay assays. Migration of purified HSC towards hepatic growth factor (HGF) and stroma-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) gradients was tested in vitro. Mice after 70% PH were examined for HSC mobilization by FACS and cytokine mRNA expression in the liver. FACS-sorted HSC were administered after PH and hepatocyte proliferation was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining for Ki67. Impaired liver function was noted after extended hepatic resection when compared to smaller resections. Patients with large liver resections were characterized by significantly higher levels of peripheral HSC which were positively correlated with the extent of resected liver volume and its regain after 3 weeks. Increased plasma levels of HGF, SDF-1 and insulin like growth factor (IGF-1) were evident within the first 6 hours post resection. Migration assays of human HSC in vitro showed a specific target-demonstrated migration towards recombinant HGF and SDF-1 gradients in a concentration and specific receptor (c-Met and CXCR4) dependent manner. The evaluation of peripheral human alpha foetoprotein expression demonstrated pronounced stemness following increased CD133(+) HSC in the course of liver regeneration following PH. Our human data were further validated in a murine model of PH and furthermore demonstrated increased hepatocyte proliferation subsequent to CD133(+) HSC treatment. HGF and SDF-1 are required for effective HSC mobilization and homing to the liver after hepatic resection. These findings have significant implications for potential therapeutic strategies targeting

  1. A toroidial-shaped HIFU transducer for assisting hepatic resection: a complementary tool for surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    N'Djin, W. A.; Melodelima, D.; Schenone, F.; Rivoire, M.; Chapelon, J. Y.

    2009-04-01

    A toroidial-shaped HIFU medical device with integrated ultrasound imaging was developed for the treatment of colorectal liver metastasis. The HIFU toroidïal-shaped transducer contained 256-elements (working frequency: 3 MHz) and allows creating a single conical lesion of 7 cm3 in 40 seconds (Ifocal = 1700 W.cm-2). Volumes of treatment can then be significantly increase by juxtaposing single lesions. Presented here is the use of this device in an animal model as a complementary tool to improve surgical resection in the liver. A zone of coagulative necrosis before transecting the liver was performed using this device in order to minimize blood loss and dissection time during hepatectomy. Resection assisted by HIFU (RA-HIFU) was compared with classical dissections with clamping (RC) and without clamping (Control). For each technique 14 partial liver resections were performed in seven pigs. Blood loss per dissection surface area was the main outcome parameter. Blood loss during liver transection was significantly lower in RA-HIFU (7.4±3.3 ml.cm-2) than in RC (34%) and Control (47%). The duration of transection in RA-HIFU (13±3 min) was significantly shorter than in RC (44%) and Control (28%). Precoagulation also resulted in the use of significantly fewer clips; the number of clips used per square centimetre was 50% lower in RA-HIFU (0.8±0.2 cm-2) than in the other groups.

  2. An Innovative Technique for Pancreatic Head Resection: The "Uncinate First" Approach.

    PubMed

    Hackert, Thilo; Büchler, Marcus W

    2011-12-01

    The resection in partial pancreatico-duodenectomy as the standard treatment for malignancies of the pancreatic head is commonly performed starting from the hepatoduodenal ligament after division of the bile duct, stomach, or proximal duodenum and pancreatic body. The "Uncinate First" approach is a technical modification with a retrograde dissection of the pancreatic head as a novel surgical procedure. Caudo-cranial resection of the pancreatic head is characterized by starting with the uncinate process after division and mobilization of the first jejunal loop. Transection of the upper gastrointestinal structures (bile duct, stomach or duodenum and pancreas) is performed at the end of the resection. The retrograde Uncinate First technique offers a comfortable and innovative approach for partial pancreatico-duodenectomy. The superior mesenteric artery as well as the portal and superior mesenteric vein can be very accurately dissected and controlled during the resection phase associated with potentially less blood loss and a more radical resection along the medial margin, which is often the site of R1 resections. Future studies are required to evaluate this procedure regarding operative parameters and postoperative outcome compared with the standard resection.

  3. The development of techniques for resection of spinal cord tumors by Harvey W. Cushing.

    PubMed

    Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A; Spencer, Dennis D; Krauss, William E

    2005-01-01

    Harvey Cushing's refinement of Halsted's meticulous surgical techniques facilitated safe resection of intradural spinal tumors. Although Cushing focused his attention on brain tumors at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, his numerous contributions to the treatment of intradural spinal tumors include the description of these tumors' natural histories and their histological classifications. The application of his experienced intracranial techniques to the resection of spinal tumors improved outcomes. The authors review selected operative notes and sketches to demonstrate his technique in the excision of the spinal cord tumors.

  4. Impact of obesity on postoperative outcome of hepatic resection for colorectal metastases.

    PubMed

    Langella, Serena; Russolillo, Nadia; Forchino, Fabio; Lo Tesoriere, Roberto; D'Eletto, Marco; Ferrero, Alessandro

    2015-12-01

    Outcomes in obese patients who underwent liver resection have been analyzed, but series are heterogeneous and data are controversial. The aim of this study was to analyze short-outcome in obese patients undergone hepatectomy for colorectal metastases. A retrospective analysis on 1,021 consecutive hepatectomies between January 2000 and April 2014 for colorectal metastases was carried out. World Health Organization Classification of obesity (body mass index >30 kg/m(2)) was used to identify 140 obese patients. Outcomes were compared among obese and nonobese patients. Obese patients were mainly male (78%) and were associated more frequently with hypertension (51% vs 29%, P < .001), ischemic heart disease (9% vs 3%, P = .007), and diabetes (23% vs 10%, P < .001) compared with nonobese patients. Approximately 30% of patients underwent major hepatectomy in the 2 groups. Associated resections were performed in 36% of obese and 37% of nonobese patients. Median parenchymal transection time (80 ± 64 minutes vs 70 ± 50 minutes, P = .013) and blood loss (300 ± 420 vs 200 ± 282, P = .001) were greater in obese patients. Postoperative mortality was nil in obese patients and 0.6% in nonobese patients. Overall morbidity was greater in obese patients (41% vs 31%, P = .012) mainly related to pulmonary complications (16% vs 9%, P = .012). Reinterventions were more frequent in obese patients (3.6% vs 1.2%, P = .004). Median hospital stay was comparable. At pathologic examination, hepatic steatosis was greater in obese (69% vs 43%, P < .001). At multivariate analysis, age >65 years (odds ratio [OR] 1.43, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.09-1.88), obesity (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.13-2.38), major hepatectomies (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.31-2.33), and associated resections (OR 1.67, I95% CI 1.27-2.20) were independent predictors of overall morbidity (P < .001). Among obese patients, there was a positive correlation between age and severity of complications (R = 0.173, P = .041). Obese patients

  5. 3D haptic modelling for preoperative planning of hepatic resection: A systematic review.

    PubMed

    Soon, David S C; Chae, Michael P; Pilgrim, Charles H C; Rozen, Warren Matthew; Spychal, Robert T; Hunter-Smith, David J

    2016-09-01

    Three dimensional (3D) printing has gained popularity in the medical field because of increased research in the field of haptic 3D modeling. We review the role of 3D printing with specific reference to liver directed applications. A literature search was performed using the scientific databases Medline and PubMed. We performed this in-line with the PRISMA [20] statement. We only included articles in English, available in full text, published about adults, about liver surgery and published between 2005 and 2015. The 3D model of a patient's liver venous vasculature and metastasis was prepared from a CT scan using Osirix software (Pixmeo, Gineva, Switzerland) and printed using our 3D printer (MakerBot Replicator Z18, US). To validate the model, measurements from the inferior vena cava (IVC) were compared between the CT scan and the 3D printed model. A total of six studies were retrieved on 3D printing directly related to a liver application. While stereolithography (STL) remains the gold standard in medical additive manufacturing, Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF), is cheaper and may be more applicable. We found our liver 3D model made by FFF had a 0.1 ± 0.06 mm margin of error (mean ± standard deviation) compared with the CT scans. 3D printing in general surgery is yet to be thoroughly exploited. The most relevant feature of interest with regard to liver surgery is the ability to view the 3D dimensional relationship of the various hepatic and portal veins with respect to tumor deposits when planning hepatic resection. Systematic review registration number: researchregistry1348.

  6. The role of hepatic resection in the treatment of hepatocellular cancer.

    PubMed

    Roayaie, Sasan; Jibara, Ghalib; Tabrizian, Parissa; Park, Joong-Won; Yang, Jijin; Yan, Lunan; Schwartz, Myron; Han, Guohong; Izzo, Francesco; Chen, Mishan; Blanc, Jean-Frédéric; Johnson, Philip; Kudo, Masatoshi; Roberts, Lewis R; Sherman, Morris

    2015-08-01

    Current guidelines recommend surgical resection as the primary treatment for a single hepatocellular cancer (HCC) with Child's A cirrhosis, normal serum bilirubin, and no clinically significant portal hypertension. We determined how frequently guidelines were followed and whether straying from them impacted survival. BRIDGE is a multiregional cohort study including HCC patients diagnosed between January 1, 2005 and June 30, 2011. A total of 8,656 patients from 20 sites were classified into four groups: (A) 718 ideal resection candidates who were resected; (B) 144 ideal resection candidates who were not resected; (C) 1,624 nonideal resection candidates who were resected; and (D) 6,170 nonideal resection candidates who were not resected. Median follow-up was 27 months. Log-rank and Cox's regression analyses were conducted to determine differences between groups and variables associated with survival. Multivariate analysis of all ideal candidates for resection (A+B) revealed a higher risk of mortality with treatments other than resection. For all resected patients (A+C), portal hypertension and bilirubin >1 mg/dL were not associated with mortality. For all patients who were not ideal candidates for resection (C+D), resection was associated with better survival, compared to embolization and "other" treatments, but was inferior to ablation and transplantation. The majority of patients undergoing resection would not be considered ideal candidates based on current guidelines. Not resecting ideal candidates was associated with higher mortality. The study suggests that selection criteria for resection may be modestly expanded without compromising outcomes, and that some nonideal candidates may still potentially benefit from resection over other treatment modalities. © 2015 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

  7. Efficacy of hepatic resection vs transarterial chemoembolization for solitary huge hepatocellular carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Shao-Liang; Zhong, Jian-Hong; Ke, Yang; Ma, Liang; You, Xue-Mei; Li, Le-Qun

    2015-08-28

    To compare the efficacy of hepatic resection (HR) and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for patients with solitary huge (≥ 10 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Records were retrospectively analyzed of 247 patients with solitary huge HCC, comprising 180 treated by HR and 67 by TACE. Long-term overall survival (OS) was compared between the two groups using the Kaplan-Meier method, and independent predictors of survival were identified by multivariate analysis. These analyses were performed using all patients in both groups and/or 61 pairs of propensity score-matched patients from the two groups. OS at 5 years was significantly higher in the HR group than the TACE group, across all patients (P = 0.002) and across propensity score-matched pairs (36.4% vs 18.2%, P = 0.039). The two groups showed similar postoperative mortality and morbidity. Multivariate analysis identified alpha-fetoprotein ≥ 400 ng/mL, presence of vascular invasion and TACE treatment as independent predictors of poor OS. Our findings suggest that HR can be safe and more effective than TACE for patients with solitary huge HCC.

  8. Efficacy of hepatic resection vs transarterial chemoembolization for solitary huge hepatocellular carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Shao-Liang; Zhong, Jian-Hong; Ke, Yang; Ma, Liang; You, Xue-Mei; Li, Le-Qun

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To compare the efficacy of hepatic resection (HR) and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for patients with solitary huge (≥ 10 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Records were retrospectively analyzed of 247 patients with solitary huge HCC, comprising 180 treated by HR and 67 by TACE. Long-term overall survival (OS) was compared between the two groups using the Kaplan-Meier method, and independent predictors of survival were identified by multivariate analysis. These analyses were performed using all patients in both groups and/or 61 pairs of propensity score-matched patients from the two groups. RESULTS: OS at 5 years was significantly higher in the HR group than the TACE group, across all patients (P = 0.002) and across propensity score-matched pairs (36.4% vs 18.2%, P = 0.039). The two groups showed similar postoperative mortality and morbidity. Multivariate analysis identified alpha-fetoprotein ≥ 400 ng/mL, presence of vascular invasion and TACE treatment as independent predictors of poor OS. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that HR can be safe and more effective than TACE for patients with solitary huge HCC. PMID:26327771

  9. [Pull-through resection and peroral resection in early-stage (T1 and T2) tongue and floor of the mouth cancers: a comparison of two techniques].

    PubMed

    Başerer, Nermin; Damar, Murat

    2011-01-01

    To compare oncological, functional, clinical and cosmetic results of peroral resection and pull-through resection in early stage (T1, T2) tongue and floor of the mouth cancers. Forty-nine patients (23 females, 26 males; mean age 54.4 years; range 21 to 87 years) with stage T1 and T2 oral tongue and floor of the mouth cancers primarily treated with peroral resection or pull-through resection techniques between 1998 and 2008 were included in this study. The data obtained during the study (clinical follow-up, tumor stage, type of surgery) were retrospectively evaluated, and the data obtained from patient follow-up (relapse, speaking, eating and drinking function, cosmetic appearance, patient satisfaction) were evaluated prospectively. Twenty-two patients were staged T1 and 27 patients were staged T2. Ten patients with stage T1 underwent pull-through resection, 12 patients with stage T1 underwent peroral resection. Sixteen patients with stage T2 underwent pull-through resection, 11 patients with stage T2 underwent peroral resection. Independent Samples T-test, One Way ANOVA test and Chi-Square test were used to compare these two resection techniques. Cervical lymph node metastases were detected in 13 patients (27%) of 49 patients with early stage T1-T2 during postoperative histopathological evaluation. The difference was statistically significant in terms of recurrence in T2 tumors (p<0.05). The recurrence rate was 26% in patients who underwent peroral resection and 3.8% in patients who underwent pull-through resection with stage T1 and T2. Although there was no significant difference when comparing patient satisfaction, cosmetic appearance and postoperative complications, a significant difference was found for nasogastric tube and prophylactic tracheotomy applications in patients who underwent pull-through resection (p<0.05). Pull-through resection is oncologically safer than peroral resection at the early stage (T1, T2) of floor of the mouth and oral tongue

  10. Comparison between two computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty: gap-balancing versus measured resection technique.

    PubMed

    Tigani, Domenico; Sabbioni, G; Ben Ayad, R; Filanti, M; Rani, N; Del Piccolo, N

    2010-10-01

    Two surgical strategies are possible in total knee arthroplasty (TKA): a measured resection technique, in which bone landmarks are used to guide resections equal to the distal and posterior thickness of the femoral component, or a gap-balancing approach, in which equal collateral ligament tension in flexion and extension is sought before and as a guide to final bone cuts. In this study performed with computer assisted system, we compared the 2 different methods in 126 patients followed prospectively in order to analyze the effect of both the techniques on joint-line (JL) maintenance, axial limb restoration and components position. The gap technique showed a statistical increase in the post-operative value when compared with the measured resection technique, (P = 0.008). When comparing the two groups regarding to the pre-operative deformity, we have found a statistical difference (P = 0.001) in case of moderate pre-operative deformity (less than 10 degrees), and the measured resection technique showed a slight superiority in preserving a joint line more faithful to the pre-operative. We found an ideal alignment for the mechanical axis (180 degrees ± 3 degrees) (95% of cases). In six cases (5%), the mean post-operative value exceeded (varus or valgus) the ideal value by more than 3 degrees. In the frontal plane, a good alignment was observed for both femoral and tibial components without a significant difference between the two techniques. In the sagittal plane was found more alignment variability due to the different implants used and their ideal starting slope, from 7 degrees to 3 degrees. Finally, the surgeon can use the approach with which he has more confidence; however, as the measured resection technique causes less reduction in the post-operative joint-line position, in case of shortening of patellar tendon or patella infera, this technique is preferable.

  11. Liver resection for benign hepatic lesions: A retrospective analysis of 827 consecutive cases

    PubMed Central

    Feng, Zhi-Qiang; Huang, Zhi-Qiang; Xu, Li-Ning; Liu, Rong; Zhang, Ai-Qun; Huang, Xiao-Qiang; Zhang, Wen-Zhi; Dong, Jia-Hong

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the operative and perioperative factors associated with hepatectomy of benign hepatic lesions. METHODS: A total of 827 condecutive cases of benign hepatic lesion undergoing hepatectomy from January 1986 to December 2005 in the Chinese PLA General Hospital were investigated retrospectively according to their medical documentation. RESULTS: The effect of operative and perioperative factors on the outcome of patients were analyzed. Of the 827 cases undergoing hepatectomy for more than 3 liver segments accounted for 22.1%, 316 (38.21%) required transfusion of blood products during operation. The average operating time was 220.59 ± 109.13 min, the average hospital stay after operation was 13.55 ± 9.38 d. Child-Pugh A accounted for 98.13%. The postoperative complication rate was 13.54% and the in-hospital mortality rate was 0.24%. Multivariate analysis showed that operating time (P = 0.004, OR = 1.003) and albumin value (P = 0.040, OR = 0.938) were the independent predictors of morbidity and indicated that operating time, blood transfusion, complication rate, and LOS had a trend to decrease. CONCLUSION: Hepatectomy for benign hepatic lesions can be performed safely with a low morbidity and mortality, provided that it is carried out with optimized perioperative management and an innovative surgical technique. PMID:19084942

  12. The combined microscopic-endoscopic technique for radical resection of cerebellopontine angle tumors.

    PubMed

    Abolfotoh, Mohammad; Bi, Wenya Linda; Hong, Chang-Ki; Almefty, Kaith K; Boskovitz, Abraham; Dunn, Ian F; Al-Mefty, Ossama

    2015-11-01

    The combined microscopic and endoscopic technique has shown significant advantages in the management of various lesions through different approaches. Endoscopic-assisted techniques have frequently been applied to cerebellopontine angle (CPA) surgery in the context of minimally invasive craniotomies. In this paper the authors report on the use of the endoscope in the CPA as a tool to increase the extent of resection, minimize complications, and preserve the function of the delicate CPA structures. They also describe a technique of the simultaneous use of the microscope and endoscope in the CPA and dissection of CPA tumors under tandem endoscopic and microscopic vision to overcome the shortcomings of introducing the endoscope alone in the CPA. The reliability of using the microscope alone in dissecting CPA tumors is evaluated, as is the effectiveness of the combined technique in increasing the resectability of various types of CPA tumors. The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of 50 patients who underwent combined microscopic-endoscopic resection of CPA tumors by the senior author over a period of 3 years (February 2011 to February 2014) at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School. The reliability of the extent of microscopic removal was evaluated with endoscopic exploration. Additional resection was performed with both microscopic and the combined microscopic-endoscopic technique. Endoscopically verified total resection was validated by intraoperative or postoperative MRI. The function of the cranial nerves was evaluated to assess the impact of the combined technique on their function. A tumor remnant was endoscopically identified in 69% of the 26 patients who were believed to have microscopic total resection. The utilization of the endoscopic visualization and dissection increased endoscopically verified total removal to 38 patients, and 82% of these patients had no sign of residual tumor on postoperative imaging. The technique was most

  13. A prospective cohort study of intrathecal versus epidural analgesia for patients undergoing hepatic resection

    PubMed Central

    Kasivisvanathan, Ramanathan; Abbassi-Ghadi, Nima; Prout, Jeremy; Clevenger, Ben; Fusai, Giuseppe K; Mallett, Susan V

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this prospective observational study was to compare peri/post-operative outcomes of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) versus intrathecal morphine and fentanyl patient-controlled analgesia (ITM+fPCA) for patients undergoing a hepatic resection (HR). Method Patients undergoing elective, one-stage, open HR for benign and malignant liver lesions, receiving central neuraxial block as part of the anaesthetic, in a high-volume hepato-pancreato-biliary unit, were included in the study. The primary outcome measure was post-operative length of stay (LoS). Results A total of 73 patients (36 TEA and 37 ITM+fPCA) were included in the study. The median (IQR) post-operative LoS was 13 (11–15) and 11 (9–13) days in the TEA and ITM+fPCA groups, respectively (P = 0.011). There was significantly lower median intra-operative central venous pressure (P < 0.001) and blood loss (P = 0.017) in the TEA group, and a significant reduction in the time until mobilization (P < 0.001), post-operative intra-venous fluid/vasopressor requirement (P < 0.001/P = 0.004) in the ITM+fPCA group. Pain scores were lower at a clinically significant level 12 h post-operatively in the TEA group (P < 0.001); otherwise there were no differences out to day five. There were no differences in quality of recovery or postoperative morbidity/mortality between the two groups. Conclusion ITM+fPCA provides acceptable post-operative outcomes for HR, but may also increase the incidence of intra-operative blood loss in comparison to TEA. PMID:24467320

  14. Advances in surgical techniques for resection of childhood cerebellopontine angle ependymomas are key to survival.

    PubMed

    Sanford, Robert A; Merchant, Thomas E; Zwienenberg-Lee, Marike; Kun, Larry E; Boop, Frederick A

    2009-10-01

    Childhood cerebellopontine angle (CPA) ependymoma is an uncommon anatomical variant of posterior fossa ependymoma. In infants and young children, the tumor often goes undetected until it causes hydrocephalus. As CPA ependymomas grow, they distort the anatomy and encase cranial nerves and vessels, thereby making resection a formidable surgical challenge. The purpose of this paper is to describe the surgical technique used to achieve gross total resection (GTR) of CPA ependymomas and demonstrate improved survival in these patients. Surgical techniques used for GTR in 45 patients with CPA ependymoma treated from 1997 to 2008 are described. Results of those procedures are compared with data from 11 patients who previously underwent surgical resection (1985-1995). We achieved GTR in 43 (95.6%) patients and near-total resection in two (4.4%); the probability of progression-free survival was 53.8%, and that of overall survival was 64%. Our novel surgical techniques greatly improve central nervous system function and survival among pediatric patients with CPA ependymoma.

  15. Endoscopic en bloc resection of an exophytic gastrointestinal stromal tumor with suction excavation technique.

    PubMed

    Choi, Hyuk Soon; Chun, Hoon Jai; Kim, Kyoung-Oh; Kim, Eun Sun; Keum, Bora; Jeen, Yoon-Tae; Lee, Hong Sik; Kim, Chang Duck

    2016-06-21

    Here, we report the first successful endoscopic resection of an exophytic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) using a novel perforation-free suction excavation technique. A 49-year-old woman presented for further management of a gastric subepithelial tumor on the lesser curvature of the lower body, originally detected via routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Abdominal computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound showed a 4-cm extraluminally protruding mass originating from the muscularis propria layer. The patient firmly refused surgical resection owing to potential cardiac problems, and informed consent was obtained for endoscopic removal. Careful dissection and suction of the tumor was repeated until successful extraction was achieved without serosal injury. We named this procedure the suction excavation technique. The tumor's dimensions were 3.5 cm × 2.8 cm × 2.5 cm. The tumor was positive for C-KIT and CD34 by immunohistochemical staining. The mitotic count was 6/50 high-power fields. The patient was followed for 5 years without tumor recurrence. This case demonstrated the use of endoscopic resection of an exophytic GIST using the suction excavation technique as a potential therapy without surgical resection.

  16. (90) Y radiation lobectomy: Outcomes following surgical resection in patients with hepatic tumors and small future liver remnant volumes.

    PubMed

    Lewandowski, Robert J; Donahue, Larry; Chokechanachaisakul, Attasit; Kulik, Laura; Mouli, Samdeep; Caicedo, Juan; Abecassis, Michael; Fryer, Jonathan; Salem, Riad; Baker, Talia

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess operative, post-operative, and long-term outcomes in patients who underwent radiation lobectomy (RL) for tumor control and/or hypertrophy of small future liver remnant (FLR) prior to resection. Right lobar +/- segment 4 radioembolization was performed prior to lobectomy/tri-segmentectomy in patients with hepatic tumor but inadequate FLR. Parenchymal/tumor volumes were calculated from pre/post-RL imaging; FLR/%FLR hypertrophy were determined. Complications were graded by the Clavien-Dindo classification. Thirteen patients (HCC n = 10, cholangiocarcinoma n = 2, mCRC n = 1) underwent RL prior to resection. The median time between RL and post-RL imaging was 40 days (23-190 days); the median time to resection was 86 days (30-210 days). Median FLR increased significantly [pre: 33% (22-43%); post: 43% (29-69%), P < 0.01] to yield a median %FLR hypertrophy of 30% (4-105%). The median hospital stay after resection was 4 days (3-11 days). Transient hepatobiliary toxicities normalized post-operatively. Ninety-two percent of resected tumors had >50% pathologic necrosis. Median follow up time after surgery was 604 days (144-1,416 days); one death occurred. In this preliminary study, radiation lobectomy was a safe and effective method to achieve remnant liver hypertrophy while providing tumor control. This approach may facilitate safe resection and favorable post-operative outcomes.J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;114:99-105. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Tandem intercostal thoracic schwannomas resected using a thoracoscopic nerve-sparing technique: case report.

    PubMed

    Gantwerker, Brian R; Dickman, Curtis A

    2011-07-01

    To describe a novel nerve-sparing technique for the resection of intercostal nerve schwannomas. This case demonstrates that intercostal neuralgia can be caused by intercostal schwannomas and that it can be relieved by their removal. A young woman with schwannomatosis had progressively worsening intercostal neuralgia caused by compression of the intercostal nerve against the rib by tandem intercostal schwannomas. After the tumors were removed, her symptoms were completely relieved. A thoracoscopic technique was used to define the involved fascicles and to facilitate removal of the tumors while sparing the uninvolved nerve. The patient's radicular pain was relieved completely by the tumor resection. Thoracoscopic surgery offers a safe and minimally invasive technique for removal of intercostal schwannomas and is a valid alternative to open thoracotomy. Removal of thoracic schwannomas can relieve intercostal neuralgia.

  18. Hepatic failure and coma after liver resection is reversed by manipulation of gut contents: the role of endotoxin.

    PubMed

    van Leeuwen, P A; Hong, R W; Rounds, J D; Rodrick, M L; Wilmore, D

    1991-08-01

    Despite significant improvements in the surgical care of patients, hepatic failure after extensive liver resection continues to be associated with a high morbidity and death. We postulated that hepatic failure after liver resection was related to gut-derived endotoxemia. Rats were randomized to receive oral gavage twice daily with one of the following preparations: (1) 0.9% saline; (2) neomycin sulfate and cefazolin; (3) cholestyramine; (4) lactulose. After 7 days of gavage, animals underwent either a two-thirds partial hepatectomy or sham operation. At time 0 (preresection), 10, 20, and 30 hours after resection, aortic blood was obtained for determination of ammonia, glutamine, and endotoxin levels. In selected animals, portal vein or inferior caval blood was obtained simultaneously with the aortic sample to evaluate the glutamine and ammonia exchange across the intestine and hind limb. Germ-free rats also underwent a partial hepatectomy or sham operation, and blood was obtained for glutamine and ammonia exchange at 0 and 20 hours after resection. Hepatectomy in the saline-pretreated rats resulted in a sixfold increase in plasma glutamine, increased uptake of glutamine and release of ammonia by the gut, increased release of glutamine by the hind-limb, and a high mortality rate. Pretreatment with agents that altered gut contents reduced the endotoxemia, maintained normal glutamine and ammonia levels, and reduced the mortality rate. Germ-free rats had a similar response to that seen in treated animals. Altering the gut contents in this model reduced the level of endotoxemia, blunted the catabolic response, and enhanced survival.

  19. Histological quality of polyps resected using the cold versus hot biopsy technique.

    PubMed

    Mönkemüller, K E; Fry, L C; Jones, B H; Wells, C; Mikolaenko, I; Eloubeidi, M

    2004-05-01

    The monopolar hot biopsy technique is a widespread method of removing and cauterizing small colonic polyps. Due to the insulated cups of the biopsy forceps, it also allows adequate histological interpretation of the resected specimen. In our experience, polyps removed using the monopolar hot biopsy technique have been less histologically interpretable in comparison with polyps removed using cold biopsy forceps. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the diagnostic quality of polyps obtained using the hot biopsy and cold biopsy techniques. This was a prospective study of consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy with removal of polyps using either hot biopsy or cold biopsy techniques. One experienced endoscopist using the same techniques carried out the biopsies. An experienced gastrointestinal pathologist, blinded to the technique used, evaluated the specimens for diameter, artifacts, cautery damage, tissue fragmentation, and general histological and diagnostic quality. Statistical analysis was carried out using the chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test, and Student's t-test. Forty-three consecutive patients (84 % men; mean age 63.8 +/- 15 years) underwent 88 biopsies (45 hot biopsies and 43 cold biopsies). There were no statistically significant differences between the two study groups with regard to demographic data, indications for colonoscopy, endoscopic findings, or polyp size. Cautery damage, architectural distortion, and tissue fragmentation occurred more frequently in polyps resected using the hot biopsy technique ( P < 0.001). The quality of the specimens removed by cold biopsy was generally better than when using hot biopsy technique. Histological evaluation is more difficult in polyps resected with the hot biopsy technique in comparison with the cold biopsy technique. When the nature of polyps affects the patient's management, a biopsy may be obtained before polyp coagulation.

  20. Long-term Evaluation of a Modified Double Staple Technique for Low Anterior Resection.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, G; Carboni, F; Ceccanei, G; Pacilè, M A; Pizzardi, G; Palumbo, P; Vietri, F

    2014-01-01

    When performing low anterior resection for rectal cancer with the double staple technique, -closing the rectum with a linear stapler in the abdomen can be challenging, especially when dealing with a narrow pelvis. For such instances we proposed to modify this technique by pulling the rectal stump through the anus, doing an extra-anal resection of the tumor and linear suture of the rectal stump, before performing a standard, stapled colorectal anastomosis. The purpose of this study was to assess the adequacy of this modification of the double staple technique. Retrospective review of 108 patients undergoing a stapled, low colorectal or coloanal anastomosis, after -eversion, extra-anal resection of the tumor and linear closure of the rectal stump for colorectal cancer, from January 1990 to December 2012. Operative mortality was 0.9%. Fourteen patients (13%) presented early, surgery-related complications -consisting of 7 anastomotic leaks, 5 wound infections, 1 ureteral lesion, and 1 peristomal abscess. Late complications related to surgery included 5 incisional hernias (4.6%), 4 anastomotic strictures (3.7%), 4 neurogenic bladders (3.7%) and 2 fecal incontinences (1.8%). The incidence of local disease recurrence was 10%. Surgical and oncological results validate the proposed modification of the double staple technique, when facing difficulties in suturing the rectum from the abdomen. Copyright© Acta Chirurgica Belgica.

  1. Feasibility and Technique for Transvaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery Liver Resection: A Porcine Model

    PubMed Central

    Katagiri, Toshio; Horgan, Santiago; Sandler, Bryan J.; Jacobsen, Garth R.; Coker, Alisa M.; Tsuchiya, Masaru; Maeda, Tetsuya; Kaneko, Hironori

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a challenging minimally invasive procedure. Although laparoscopic techniques for liver resection are gaining acceptance worldwide, few studies have investigated NOTES liver resection. We used a porcine model to assess the feasibility and safety of transvaginal NOTES liver resection (TV NOTES LR). Materials and Methods: Nine female pigs underwent TV NOTES LR. A nonsurvival acute porcine model with general anesthesia was used in all cases. Using hybrid NOTES technique, we placed only 1 umbilical 12-mm umbilical trocar in the abdominal wall, which was used to create pneumoperitoneum. A laparoscope was then advanced to obtain intra-abdominal visualization. A 15-mm vaginal trocar was inserted under direct laparoscopic vision, and a flexible endoscope was introduced through the vaginal trocar. A long, flexible grasper and endocavity retractor were used to stably retract the liver. The liver edge was partially transected using energy devices inserted through the umbilical trocar. To transect the left lateral lobe, a flexible linear stapler was inserted alongside the vaginal trocar. A specimen extraction bag was deployed and extracted transvaginally. Blood loss, bile leakage, operative time, and specimen size were evaluated. Necropsy studies were performed after the procedures. Results: Eighteen transvaginal NOTES partial liver resections and 4 transvaginal NOTES left lateral lobectomies were successfully performed on 9 pigs. Mean operative time was 165.8 minutes, and mean estimated blood loss was 76.6 mL. All TV NOTES LRs were performed without complications or deaths. Necropsy showed no bile leakage from remnant liver. Conclusions: Our porcine model suggests that TV NOTES LR is technically feasible and safe and has the potential for clinical use as a minimally invasive alternative to conventional laparoscopic liver resection. PMID:28030435

  2. Radio frequency ablation (RFA)-assisted pericystectomy for hepatic echinococcosis: an alternative technique.

    PubMed

    Papaconstantinou, Ioannis; Kontos, Michael; Prassas, Evangelos; Karavokyros, John; Bakoyiannis, Christos; Pikoulis, Emmanouil; Safioleas, Michael; Giannopoulos, Athanasios; Bastounis, Elias; Felekouras, Evangelos

    2006-10-01

    The aim of this study is to describe an alternative technique, using radio frequency energy to perform pericystectomy for hepatic echinococcosis. We present 3 patients with hepatic echinococcosis who were treated with radio frequency ablation (RFA)-assisted pericystectomy. A Radionics Cooltip Radio Frequency System (Tyco, Greece, Radionics) with a single shaft 15 cm long needle electrode and a 2 cm exposure tip, was used. The needle electrode was inserted in consecutive sites into the "healthy" hepatic parenchyma close to the cyst wall, so that a tissue zone around the cystic cavity was gradually ablated. The complete ablation of a site was followed by sharp division of the parenchyma. The operation completed successfully in all patients. Minor bleeding and/or bile leakage were successfully controlled with RFA coagulation. No other hemostatic method was used. The postoperative course was uneventful. No evidence of recurrent disease, or any other cause of morbidity, has been demonstrated at follow up (2 y). RFA-assisted pericystectomy for hepatic hydatid disease in experienced hands, might be useful to perform a "sterile" resection, eradicating single or multiple cysts and preventing local recurrence, with minimal morbidity.

  3. Obturator Nerve Block in Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor: A Comparative Study by two Techniques

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Deepak; Singh, V. P.; Agarwal, Nidhi; Malhotra, M. K.

    2017-01-01

    Context: Sparing of obturator nerve is a common problem encountered during transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) under spinal anesthesia. Aims: To evaluate and compare obturator nerve block (ONB) by two different techniques during TURBT. Settings and Design: This is prospective observational study. Subjects and Methods: Forty adult male patients from the American Society of Anesthesiologists Class I–IV planned to undergo TURBT under spinal anesthesia were divided into two groups of twenty each. In one group, ONB was performed with nerve locator. In other group, transvesical nerve block was performed with a cystoscope. The primary endpoints of this study were the occurrence of adductor reflex, ability to resect the tumor, and number of surgical interruptions. A number of transfusions required and bladder perforation were the secondary endpoints. Results: There was statistically significant difference between the groups for resection without adductor jerk, resection with a minimal jerk, and unresectable with high-intensity adductor jerk. Bleeding was observed in both groups and one bladder perforation was encountered. Conclusions: We conclude that ONB, when administered along with spinal anesthesia for TURBT, is extremely safe and effective method of anesthesia to overcome adductor contraction. ONB with nerve locator appears to be more effective method compared to the transvesical nerve block. PMID:28298765

  4. Outcomes of simple saline-coupled bipolar electrocautery for hepatic resection

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Jian-Yang; Li, De-Wei; Liao, Rui; Huang, Ping; Kong, Xian-Bing; Wang, Ji-Ming; Wang, Hong-Lin; Luo, Shi-Qiao; Yan, Xiong; Du, Cheng-You

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the application of bipolar coagulation (BIP) in hepatectomy by comparing the efficacy of BIP alone, cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator (CUSA) + BIP and conventional clamp crushing (CLAMP). METHODS: Based on our database of patient records, a total of 380 consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy at our hospital were retrospectively studied for the efficacy of BIP alone, CUSA + BIP and CLAMP. Of all the patients, 75 received saline-coupled BIP (Group A), 53 received CUSA + BIP (Group B), and 252 received CLAMP (Group C). The pre-, mid-, and postoperative clinical manifestations were compared, and the effects of those maneuvers were evaluated. RESULTS: There was no obvious difference among the preoperative indexes between the different groups. The operative time was longer in Groups A and B than in Group C (P < 0.001 for both). The amount of bleeding and the rate of transfusion during the operation were significantly higher in Group C than in Groups A and B (P < 0.001 for all). The incidence of postoperative complications in Group C (46.43%) was higher than that in Groups A (30.67%, P = 0.015) and B (28.30%, P = 0.016). The patients’ liver function recovery and postoperative hospital stay were not significantly different. BIP could decrease intraoperative hemorrhage and postoperative complications compared to CLAMP. CONCLUSION: Simple saline-coupled BIP should be considered a safe and reliable technique for liver resection to decrease intraoperative hemorrhage and postoperative complications. PMID:25024620

  5. [Inovative techniques in partial laparoscopic resection of the kidney for adenocarcinoma].

    PubMed

    Safarík, L; Novák, K; Dvorácek, J; Vik, V

    2006-07-01

    Authors present the first case of laparoscopic partial resection of the kidney for RCC using modern technique of tissue sealing with FloSeal, which was used in this indication for the first time in the Czech Republic. The other most useful innovative point was the usage of tail-clipped sutures from resorbable material "Lahodny", which are suitable for suturing in renal parenchyma. Despite the relatively long time of warm ischemia, the function of rest of the kidney is more than satislying.

  6. Impact of Hepatic Steatosis on Disease-Free Survival in Patients with Non-B Non-C Hepatocellular Carcinoma Undergoing Hepatic Resection.

    PubMed

    Nishio, Takahiro; Hatano, Etsuro; Sakurai, Takaki; Taura, Kojiro; Okuno, Masayuki; Kasai, Yosuke; Seo, Satoru; Yasuchika, Kentaro; Mori, Akira; Kaido, Toshimi; Uemoto, Shinji

    2015-07-01

    Although the prevalence of non-B non-C hepatocellular carcinoma (NBNC HCC) has increased, its clinicopathologic characteristics remain unclear. We retrospectively analyzed 518 HCC patients who underwent hepatic resection. Hepatitis B surface antigen- and hepatitis C antibody-negative patients were categorized into the NBNC HCC group (n = 145); others were categorized into the hepatitis B or C HCC (BC HCC) group (n = 373). We subdivided the etiologies of NBNC HCC according to alcohol intake and presence of steatosis. NBNC HCC was associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) (13.1 %), fatty liver disease with moderate alcohol intake (9.0 %), alcoholic liver disease (ALD) (29.7 %), cryptogenic disease (44.1 %), and other known etiologies (4.1 %). The prevalence of obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension was higher and hepatic function was better in the NBNC HCC group, which had significantly larger tumors than the BC HCC group. The entire NBNC HCC group displayed similar overall and disease-free survival as the BC HCC group. Among the subdivisions, NAFLD-associated HCC patients had significantly better disease-free survival than ALD-associated HCC and BC HCC patients. Microvascular invasion (hazard ratio [HR] 2.30; 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.33-3.96) and steatosis area <5 % of noncancerous region (HR 2.13; 95 % CI 1.21-3.93) were associated with disease-free survival in NBNC HCC patients. The prognosis of NBNC HCC was similar to that of BC HCC. Among NBNC HCC patients, NAFLD-associated HCC patients had a relatively low recurrence risk. Absence of steatosis in hepatic parenchyma had a significant impact on disease-free survival in NBNC HCC patients.

  7. Efficacy of hepatic resection for huge (≥ 10 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma: good prognosis associated with the uninodular subtype.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Shao-Liang; Chen, Jie; Li, Hang; Li, Le-Qun; Zhong, Jian-Hong

    2015-01-01

    The value of hepatic resection (HR) for huge hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) (≥ 10 cm in diameter) remains controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of hepatic resection (HR) for patients with huge HCC. A total of 739 patients with huge HCC (≥ 10 cm in diameter) (huge HCC group, n = 244) or small HCC (< 10 cm in diameter) (small HCC group, n = 495) who received initial HR were retrospectively analyzed. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were obtained using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by Log-Rank test. Prognostic factors of huge HCC were identified based on Cox regression analyses. The hospital mortality of these two groups were similar (P = 0.252). The 5-year OS of huge HCC group and small HCC group were 30.3% and 51.9%, respectively (P < 0.001). Uninodular huge HCC had a significant higher 5-year OS (50.6%) than mutinodular huge HCC (26.9%) (P = 0.016). Multivariate analysis revealed that uninodular huge HCC and absence of PVTT independently predicted better OS for huge HCC patients. HR is a safe and effective approach for the treatment of huge HCC, especially for the uninodular subtype.

  8. Efficacy of hepatic resection for huge (≥ 10 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma: good prognosis associated with the uninodular subtype

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Shao-Liang; Chen, Jie; Li, Hang; Li, Le-Qun; Zhong, Jian-Hong

    2015-01-01

    Background: The value of hepatic resection (HR) for huge hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) (≥ 10 cm in diameter) remains controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of hepatic resection (HR) for patients with huge HCC. Methods: A total of 739 patients with huge HCC (≥ 10 cm in diameter) (huge HCC group, n = 244) or small HCC (< 10 cm in diameter) (small HCC group, n = 495) who received initial HR were retrospectively analyzed. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were obtained using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by Log-Rank test. Prognostic factors of huge HCC were identified based on Cox regression analyses. Results: The hospital mortality of these two groups were similar (P = 0.252). The 5-year OS of huge HCC group and small HCC group were 30.3% and 51.9%, respectively (P < 0.001). Uninodular huge HCC had a significant higher 5-year OS (50.6%) than mutinodular huge HCC (26.9%) (P = 0.016). Multivariate analysis revealed that uninodular huge HCC and absence of PVTT independently predicted better OS for huge HCC patients. Conclusion: HR is a safe and effective approach for the treatment of huge HCC, especially for the uninodular subtype. PMID:26884976

  9. The indications for and techniques and outcomes of ablative procedures of the distal ulna. The Darrach resection, hemiresection, matched resection, and Sauvé-Kapandji procedure.

    PubMed

    Lichtman, D M; Ganocy, T K; Kim, D C

    1998-05-01

    Several ablative procedures exist for the treatment of distal radio-ulnar joint arthritis. This article describes the indications, techniques, pitfalls, and outcomes for the four most popular procedures: Darrach, hemiresection-interposition, Sauvé-Kapandji, and matched ulnar resection. The authors explain their personal algorithm for treatment selection, emphasizing patient requirements versus the physiologic characteristics of each procedure.

  10. Histologic evaluation and treatment outcome after sequential radiofrequency ablation and hepatic resection for primary and metastatic tumors.

    PubMed

    Hoffman, Allen L; Wu, Sandy S; Obaid, Amal K; French, Samuel W; Lois, Juan; McMonigle, Michael; Ramos, Hector C; Sher, Linda S; Lopez, Richard R

    2002-12-01

    Operative manipulation during hepatic resection (HR) causes tumor cell shedding which is a factor in disease recurrence. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) causes coagulative necrosis and was used to destroy the tumor before HR. We evaluated tumor necrosis and recurrence of hepatic malignancies treated by sequential RFA/HR. A retrospective review of patients treated with sequential RFA/HR from April 1999 to January 2002 was performed. A Radionics 500-kW RF generator was used to ablate lesions via H2O-cooled electrodes under ultrasound guidance. Segmental HR was performed after RFA. Resected specimens were reviewed with hematoxylin and eosin staining and for apoptosis. Patient follow-up ranged from 10 to 33 months with evaluation of salient clinical, radiologic, and laboratory parameters. Seven patients (four male and three female) ages 62.1 +/- 10.3 years had sequential RFA/HR. Four patients had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and three had colorectal metastases (CRm). The tumors were unifocal right-lobe lesions measuring 4.1 +/- 0.9 cm with a resection margin of 0.4 to 2.5 cm. Extensive necrosis was noted but intact nests of tumor cells occurred in all specimens with minimal apoptosis. Three of seven patients (two HCC and one CRm) developed pulmonary metastases at 3 to 20 months with one HCC patient developing concurrent liver metastases. Two deaths occurred in the HCC group. Sequential RFA/HR may minimize local recurrence; however, the high incidence of pulmonary metastases raises concern of transvenous migration. The histologic findings demonstrate foci of intact tumor cells after RFA. Controlled study of additional patients with long-term follow-up is necessary to better understand these findings.

  11. Partial resection and omentalization: a new technique for management of prostatic retention cysts in dogs.

    PubMed

    Bray, J P; White, R A; Williams, J M

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the results of a new technique for management of prostatic retention cysts in dogs. A retrospective clinical study. Eighteen client-owned dogs. Dogs with prostatic retention cysts were treated by celiotomy and drainage of the cysts. The majority of the cyst wall was resected and residual cyst cavities were packed with omentum. All dogs were castrated. Long-term resolution of clinical signs was achieved in all dogs, with follow-up periods ranging from 6 to 42 months. Five dogs developed urinary incontinence postoperatively. This persisted in two dogs, but was well controlled with phenylpropanolamine. In the remaining dogs, the incontinence was transient and resolved within 2 months of surgery. Partial cyst resection combined with omentalization and castration was a simple and effective means of managing prostatic retention cysts. The incidence of serious complications, including postoperative urinary incontinence, was low.

  12. Robotic left colon cancer resection: a dual docking technique that maximizes splenic flexure mobilization.

    PubMed

    Bae, Sung Uk; Baek, Se Jin; Hur, Hyuk; Baik, Seung Hyuk; Kim, Nam Kyu; Min, Byung Soh

    2015-06-01

    Techniques for robotic resection of the left colon are not well defined and have not been widely adopted due to limited range of motion of the robotic arms. We have developed a dual docking technique for both the splenic flexure and the pelvis. We report our initial experience of robotic left colectomy using this technique for left-sided colon cancer. The study group comprised 61 patients who underwent robotic left colon cancer resection using our dual docking technique between July 2008 and January 2013. Operations comprised two stages: colon mobilization (stage 1) followed by pelvic dissection (stage 2). After completion of stage 1, the robot arms were undocked and the operating table was rotated 60° counterclockwise until a 45° angle was created between the patient cart and the operating table. All 61 procedures were technically successful without the need for conversion to laparoscopic or open surgery. Median total operation, 1st docking, and 2nd docking times were 227 min (range, 137-653 min), 4 min (range, 3-8 min), and 3 min (range, 3-9 min), respectively. Estimated blood loss was 20 ml (range, 20-2,000 ml). Median time to soft diet was 2 days (range, 2-12 days) and median length of hospital stay was 7 days (range, 4-20 days). Median total number of lymph nodes harvested was 17 (range, 3-61). According to the Clavien-Dindo classification, the numbers of complications for grades 1, 2, 3a, 3b, and 4 were 10, 2, 3, 3, and 1. There was no mortality within 30 days. Robotic left colon cancer resection using our dual docking technique is safe and feasible. This procedure can maximize splenic mobilization in robotic colorectal surgery.

  13. Vasculature segmentation for radio frequency ablation of non-resectable hepatic tumors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hemler, Paul F.; McCreedy, Evan S.; Cheng, Ruida; Wood, Brad; McAuliffe, Matthew J.

    2006-03-01

    In Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA) procedures, hepatic tumor tissue is heated to a temperature where necrosis is insured. Unfortunately, recent results suggest that heating tumor tissue to necrosis is complicated because nearby major blood vessels provide a cooling effect. Therefore, it is fundamentally important for physicians to perform a careful analysis of the spatial relationship of diseased tissue to larger liver blood vessels. The liver contains many of these large vessels, which affect the RFA ablation shape and size. There are many sophisticated vasculature detection and segmentation techniques reported in the literature that identify continuous vessels as the diameter changes size and it transgresses through many bifurcation levels. However, the larger blood vessels near the treatment area are the only vessels required for proper RFA treatment plan formulation and analysis. With physician guidance and interaction, our system can segment those vessels which are most likely to affect the RFA ablations. We have found that our system provides the physician with therapeutic, geometric and spatial information necessary to accurately plan treatment of tumors near large blood vessels. The segmented liver vessels near the treatment region are also necessary for computing isolevel heating profiles used to evaluate different proposed treatment configurations.

  14. Standardized reporting of resection technique during nephron-sparing surgery: the surface-intermediate-base margin score.

    PubMed

    Minervini, Andrea; Carini, Marco; Uzzo, Robert G; Campi, Riccardo; Smaldone, Marc C; Kutikov, Alexander

    2014-11-01

    A standardized reporting system of nephron-sparing surgery resection techniques is lacking. The surface-intermediate-base scoring system represents a formal reporting instrument to assist in interpretation of reported data and to facilitate comparisons in the urologic literature.

  15. Hepatocellular carcinoma with gastric metastasis treated by simultaneous hepatic and gastric resection: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Haruki, Koichiro; Misawa, Takeyuki; Gocho, Takeshi; Saito, Ryota; Shiba, Hiroaki; Akiba, Tadashi; Yanaga, Katsuhiko

    2016-10-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with gastric metastasis is extremely rare. There have been few reports on curative surgical resection for gastric metastasis of HCC. We herein report such a case successfully treated by simultaneous surgical resection. A 73-year-old male was admitted for evaluation and treatment of a liver tumor. Computed tomography showed an exophytic tumor of 170 mm in diameter located in the left lobe of the liver with poor delineation to the gastric wall. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a submucosal tumor with ulceration in the antrum of the stomach. With a diagnosis of HCC with invasion to the gastric wall, an en bloc resection was planned, and the patient underwent laparotomy. The patients underwent left hemihepatectomy with partial resection of the stomach for adhesion and distal gastrectomy for the tumor. Pathological examination of the liver tumor revealed poorly differentiated HCC, and pathological diagnosis of the tumor in the submucosal and muscular layer of the stomach was compatible with metastasis from HCC, which was separate from the liver tumor. Therefore, we diagnosed the tumor as HCC with hematogenous gastric metastasis. The patient remains well with no evidence of tumor recurrence as of 13 months after resection.

  16. TERT promoter mutation in resectable hepatocellular carcinomas: a strong association with hepatitis C infection and absence of hepatitis B infection.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yu-Ling; Jeng, Yung-Ming; Chang, Chih-Ning; Lee, Hsin-Jung; Hsu, Hey-Chi; Lai, Po-Lin; Yuan, Ray-Hwang

    2014-01-01

    Mutation in the core promoter of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene was determined to be a frequent event in malignant melanoma and other cancers. However, the role of TERT promoter mutation in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) remains largely unknown. Genomic DNA samples from the tumor tissue of 195 HCCs were analyzed for TERT promoter mutation at 2 hotspots (-124 and -146 bp from the ATG start site, g.1,295,228 and g.1,295,250, respectively) through direct sequencing. The TERT promoter mutation was identified in 57 of the 195 HCCs (29.2%) and was associated with old age (P = 0.0122), presence of anti-hepatitis C (HCV; P = 0.0048), and absence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg; P = 0.0007). However, the TERT promoter mutation did not correlate with serum α-fetoprotein levels, liver cirrhosis, tumor size, tumor grade, tumor stage, early tumor recurrence, β-catenin mutation or p53 mutation. A multivariate analysis confirmed that the absence of hepatitis B infection is an independent factor associated with TERT promoter mutation. Furthermore, among HCC patients infected with hepatitis C, those with concomitant hepatitis B infection exhibited infrequent TERT promoter mutation (P = 0.0435). Remarkably, patients presenting with TERT promoter mutation-positive and -negative HCCs exhibited similar disease-free and overall survival rates. Our study indicated that the TERT promoter mutation frequently occurred in HCV-associated HCCs. The absence of Hepatitis B infection was significantly associated with the TERT promoter mutation. These findings suggest that various etiological factors may be involved in differing mechanisms to preserve telomeres during the carcinogenesis of HCCs. Copyright © 2014 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Technique of sentinel lymph node biopsy and lymphatic mapping during laparoscopic colon resection for cancer

    PubMed Central

    Bianchi, PP; Andreoni, B; Rottoli, M; Celotti, S; Chiappa, A; Montorsi, M

    2007-01-01

    Background: The utility of lymph node mapping to improve staging in colon cancer is still under evaluation. Laparoscopic colectomy for colon cancer has been validated in multi-centric trials. This study assessed the feasibility and technical aspects of lymph node mapping in laparoscopic colectomy for colon cancer. Methods: A total of 42 patients with histologically proven colon cancer were studied from January 2006 to September 2007. Exclusion criteria were: advanced disease (clinical stage III), rectal cancer, previous colon resection and contraindication to laparoscopy. Lymph-nodal status was assessed preoperatively by computed tomography (CT) scan and intra-operatively with the aid of laparoscopic ultrasound. Before resection, 2–3 ml of Patent Blue V dye was injected sub-serosally around the tumour. Coloured lymph nodes were marked as sentinel (SN) with metal clips or suture and laparoscopic colectomy with lymphadenectomy completed as normal. In case of failure of the intra-operative procedure, an ex vivo SN biopsy was performed on the colectomy specimen after resection. Results: A total number of 904 lymph nodes were examined, with a median number of 22 lymph nodes harvested per patient. The SN detection rate was 100%, an ex vivo lymph node mapping was necessary in four patients. Eleven (26.2%) patients had lymph-nodal metastases and in five (45.5%) of these patients, SN was the only positive lymph node. There were two (18.2%) false-negative SN. In three cases (7.1%) with aberrant lymphatic drainage, lymphadenectomy was extended. The accuracy of SN mapping was 95.2% and negative predictive value was 93.9%. Conclusions: Laparoscopic lymphatic mapping and SN removal is feasible in laparoscopic colectomy for colon cancer. The ex vivo technique is useful as a salvage technique in case of failure of the intra-operative procedure. Prospective studies are justified to determine the real accuracy and false-negative rate of the technique. PMID:22275957

  18. Assessment of the reporting of quality and outcome measures in hepatic resections: a call for 90-day reporting in all hepatectomy series

    PubMed Central

    Egger, Michael E; Ohlendorf, Joanna M; Scoggins, Charles R; McMasters, Kelly M; Martin, Robert C G

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of this paper is to assess the current state of quality and outcomes measures being reported for hepatic resections in the recent literature. Methods Medline and PubMed databases were searched for English language articles published between 1 January 2002 and 30 April 2013. Two examiners reviewed each article and relevant citations for appropriateness of inclusion, which excluded papers of liver donor hepatic resections, repeat hepatectomies or meta-analyses. Data were extracted and summarized by two examiners for analysis. Results Fifty-five studies were identified with suitable reporting to assess peri-operative mortality in hepatic resections. In only 35% (19/55) of the studies was the follow-up time explicitly stated, and in 47% (26/55) of studies peri-operative mortality was limited to in-hospital or 30 days. The time period in which complications were captured was not explicitly stated in 19 out of 28 studies. The remaining studies only captured complications within 30 days of the index operation (8/28). There was a paucity of quality literature addressing truly patient-centred outcomes. Conclusion Quality outcomes after a hepatic resection are inconsistently reported in the literature. Quality outcome studies for a hepatectomy should report mortality and morbidity at a minimum of 90 days after surgery. PMID:26228262

  19. Is hepatic resection absolutely contraindicated for hepatocellular carcinoma in Child-Pugh class C cirrhotic patients?

    PubMed

    Wu, C C; Ho, W L; Lin, M C; Tang, J S; Yeh, D C; Liu, T J; P'eng, F K

    1999-01-01

    Liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Child-Pugh class C cirrhotic patients is considered to be high risk and even contraindicated. This study examined our results of hepatectomy for HCC in such cirrhotic patients. A retrospective review of the clinicopathological features, as well as early and late resection results of Child-Pugh class A (n = 181) and class C patients (n = 13) were compared. The extent of hepatectomy was based on the pre-operative liver function test and indocyanine-green (ICG) clearance rate. The tumor size in class C patients was smaller than that in class A patients. There were no significant differences with regard to operative blood loss, amount of blood transfusion, operative morbidity or mortality. The surgical margins of class C patients were narrower (p = 0.003). The tumors of class C patients had higher incidences of well-formed capsules and absence of satellite nodules. The 5-year disease-free and actuarial survival rates of class A and C patients were 35.4% and 40.7% (p = 0.28), and 48% and 50% (p = 0.13), respectively. Not all HCCs in Child-Pugh class C cirrhotic patients are contraindicated for liver resection. In the absence of uncontrollable ascites, marked jaundice and encephalopathy, surgical resection is still justified in some selected cases, in spite of a narrow surgical margin.

  20. Cosmetic results of wedge resection of nail matrix (Winograd technique) in the treatment of ingrown toenail.

    PubMed

    Kose, Ozkan; Guler, Ferhat; Gurcan, Serkan; Arik, Hasan Onur; Baz, Ali Bulent; Akalin, Serdar

    2012-08-01

    The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the cosmetic results of wedge resection of the nail matrix (Winograd technique) in the treatment of ingrown toenail. This study retrospectively reviewed medical charts of 68 patients with 75 ingrown toenails who underwent surgical correction with the Winograd technique between January, 2008, and December, 2009, at the Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Antalya Education and Research Hospital. For the final follow-up, patients were contacted by telephone and completed a telephone questionnaire. Recurrence, cosmetic results, and satisfaction of the patients were the major outcome measures. There was recurrence in 9 patients (13.2%). The mean recurrence time was 6.7 months (range = 2-12 months). All recurrences involved the lateral border of the toenail. Cosmetic ratings were statistically lower in female patients (P = .005). The reasons for poor and acceptable cosmetic results were proximal-incision scar and narrowing of the nail plate. Wedge resection of nail matrix has a considerably high recurrence rate. Furthermore, narrowing of the nail plate is a disadvantage of this procedure. All patients should be informed about the possibility of recurrence and disfigurement in their toenails (narrow nail plate). Particularly, female patients who care about the cosmesis may be dissatisfied with this surgical technique.

  1. Hepatocellular carcinoma cases with high levels of c-Raf-1 expression may benefit from postoperative adjuvant sorafenib after hepatic resection even with high risk of recurrence

    PubMed Central

    Lei, Jianyong; Zhong, Jinjing; Hao, Jingcheng; Liu, Zhengni; Zhang, Peng; Wu, Lixue; Yan, Lunan; Zhu, Jinqiang; Zeng, Yong; Li, Bo; Wen, Tianfu; Wang, Wentao

    2016-01-01

    Background and Aims Liver resection combined with postoperative sorafenib to prevent recurrence remains a controversial approach for cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), especially cases with a high risk of recurrence. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of liver resection combined with sorafenib for HCC with a high risk of recurrence. Results Most of the cases of HCC were caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (23 cases, 92%). Most of these tumors (21 cases, 84%) were stage III according to the TNM staging system (12 cases with IIIa, 9 cases with IIIb). In the months after hepatic resection, 19 of the 25 cases (76%) were diagnosed with HCC recurrence or metastasis. Based on the tumor histological biomarker grading system, the group with higher expression levels of c-Raf-1 showed significantly longer overall survival than the group with lower expression of c-Raf-1 (P = 0.012). However, the long-term tumor-free survival advantage disappeared (P = 0.061). Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that higher expression of c-Raf-1 was significantly associated with better overall survival (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.842; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.211–2.542; P = 0.031) and tumor-free survival (HR: 1.319; 95% CI: 1.017–1.543; P = 0.046) in HCC patients who underwent radical hepatic resection. Patients and Methods We retrospectively collected 25 HCC cases with a high risk of recurrence who underwent radical liver resection and who took sorafenib postoperatively from Jan 2010 to Dec 2012. Factors that might contribute to tumor recurrence and treatment failure such as clinical factors, tumor features, and molecular biomarkers were included in our analysis. Conclusions HCC patients with a high risk of post-hepatic resection recurrence may benefit from postoperative sorafenib administered as an adjuvant therapy, especially in cases with high levels of c-Raf-1 expression on histological examination. PMID:26981887

  2. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic wedge hepatic resection with a water-jet hybrid knife in a non-survival porcine model

    PubMed Central

    Shi, Hong; Jiang, Sheng-Jun; Li, Bin; Fu, Deng-Ke; Xin, Pei; Wang, Yong-Guang

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To explore the feasibility of a water-jet hybrid knife to facilitate wedge hepatic resection using a natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) approach in a non-survival porcine model. METHODS: The Erbe Jet2 water-jet system allows a needleless, tissue-selective hydro-dissection with a pre-selected pressure. Using this system, wedge hepatic resection was performed through three natural routes (trans-anal, trans-vaginal and trans-umbilical) in three female pigs weighing 35 kg under general anesthesia. Entry into the peritoneal cavity was via a 15-mm incision using a hook knife. The targeted liver segment was marked by an APC probe, followed by wedge hepatic resection performed using a water-jet hybrid knife with the aid of a 4-mm transparent distance soft cap mounted onto the tip of the endoscope for holding up the desired plane. The exposed vascular and ductal structures were clipped with Endoclips. Hemostasis was applied to the bleeding cut edges of the liver parenchyma by electrocautery. After the procedure, the incision site was left open, and the animal was euthanized followed by necropsy. RESULTS: Using the Erbe Jet2 water-jet system, trans-anal and trans-vaginal wedge hepatic resection was successfully performed in two pigs without laparoscopic assistance. Trans-umbilical attempt failed due to an unstable operating platform. The incision for peritoneal entry took 1 min, and about 2 h was spent on excision of the liver tissue. The intra-operative blood loss ranged from 100 to 250 mL. Microscopically, the hydro-dissections were relatively precise and gentle, preserving most vessels. CONCLUSION: The Erbe Jet2 water-jet system can safely accomplish non-anatomic wedge hepatic resection in NOTES, which deserves further studies to shorten the dissection time. PMID:21412502

  3. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic wedge hepatic resection with a water-jet hybrid knife in a non-survival porcine model.

    PubMed

    Shi, Hong; Jiang, Sheng-Jun; Li, Bin; Fu, Deng-Ke; Xin, Pei; Wang, Yong-Guang

    2011-02-21

    To explore the feasibility of a water-jet hybrid knife to facilitate wedge hepatic resection using a natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) approach in a non-survival porcine model. The Erbe Jet2 water-jet system allows a needleless, tissue-selective hydro-dissection with a pre-selected pressure. Using this system, wedge hepatic resection was performed through three natural routes (trans-anal, trans-vaginal and trans-umbilical) in three female pigs weighing 35 kg under general anesthesia. Entry into the peritoneal cavity was via a 15-mm incision using a hook knife. The targeted liver segment was marked by an APC probe, followed by wedge hepatic resection performed using a water-jet hybrid knife with the aid of a 4-mm transparent distance soft cap mounted onto the tip of the endoscope for holding up the desired plane. The exposed vascular and ductal structures were clipped with Endoclips. Hemostasis was applied to the bleeding cut edges of the liver parenchyma by electrocautery. After the procedure, the incision site was left open, and the animal was euthanized followed by necropsy. Using the Erbe Jet2 water-jet system, trans-anal and trans-vaginal wedge hepatic resection was successfully performed in two pigs without laparoscopic assistance. Trans-umbilical attempt failed due to an unstable operating platform. The incision for peritoneal entry took 1 min, and about 2 h was spent on excision of the liver tissue. The intra-operative blood loss ranged from 100 to 250 mL. Microscopically, the hydro-dissections were relatively precise and gentle, preserving most vessels. The Erbe Jet2 water-jet system can safely accomplish non-anatomic wedge hepatic resection in NOTES, which deserves further studies to shorten the dissection time.

  4. Hepatic resection after transarterial chemoembolization increases overall survival in large/multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Qu; Huang, Wensou; Cai, Mingyue; Zhu, Kangshun; Huang, Mingsheng

    2017-01-01

    To investigate the prognosis of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) followed by hepatic resection (HR) in large/multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the medical records of consecutive HCC patients who underwent TACE between January 2006 and December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who received TACE alone comprised the T group (61 patients), while those who received HR after TACE comprised the T+R group (49 patients). All the resections were successfully performed, and only one class V complication occurred. While liver function was altered from baseline within 1 week after HR, it recovered within 1 month. Overall survival (OS) of the T+R and T groups were compared, and sub-group analyses were performed based on baseline α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels, the reduction of AFP, and tumor response before HR. Overall survival (OS) in the T+R group was longer than in the T group (47.00 ± 2.87 vs. 20.00 ± 1.85 months, P < 0.001). OS in the T+R group with AFP reduction was less than 50%, and OS among those with a poor tumor response before HR did not differ from the T group (P > 0.05). These patients may not benefit from the combined treatment. Our findings suggest HR after TACE is safe and effective for large/multifocal HCC, and prolongs OS when compared to TACE alone. PMID:27880724

  5. Preoperative lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio predicts survival in primary hepatitis B virus-positive hepatocellular carcinoma after curative resection

    PubMed Central

    Li, Guang-Jun; Ji, Juan-Juan; Yang, Fang; Xu, Hong-Wei; Bai, Yu

    2017-01-01

    Background Both inflammation and immunity are associated with the development of malignancy. The lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) has been confirmed as a prognostic factor for several malignant diseases. The purpose of our study was to analyze prognostic significance of preoperative LMR in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma after curative resection. Patients and methods A total of 253 patients with primary HBV-positive hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent a curative operation were enrolled in this retrospective study. The relationship between preoperative LMR and survival outcomes was analyzed through Kaplan–Meier curves and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Results Patients with a high LMR had a significantly higher mean overall survival than those with a low LMR (67 months vs 55 months, P=0.023), and high LMR remained significant for longer survival in the multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 0.147; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.085–0.253; P=0.021). Furthermore, patients with a high LMR also had a higher median recurrence-free survival than those with a low LMR in univariate analyses (60 months vs 48 months, P=0.026) and multivariate analyses (hazard ratio, 0.317; 95% CI: 0.042–1.023; P=0.032). However, the survival benefit was limited to patients with advanced cancer. Conclusion LMR was confirmed as an independent prognostic biomarker for primary HBV-positive hepatocellular carcinoma after curative resection. PMID:28260933

  6. Surgical technique of orthotopic liver transplantation in rats: the Kamada technique and a new splint technique for hepatic artery reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Ishii, Eiichi; Shimizu, Akira; Takahashi, Mikiko; Terasaki, Mika; Kunugi, Shinobu; Nagasaka, Shinya; Terasaki, Yasuhiro; Ohashi, Ryuji; Masuda, Yukinari; Fukuda, Yuh

    2013-01-01

    Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in rats is technically feasible and useful for the assessment of clinical liver transplantation and analysis of inflammatory liver diseases. OLT in rats was pioneered by Lee et al. in 1973 using hand-suture techniques of all vessels. This model has not been widely used due to the long operative time and technical demand. The cuff method was introduced by Kamada in 1979, and today, the Kamada technique is the one most commonly used worldwide. However, this technique does not include hepatic artery reconstruction, although this procedure is routinely performed in clinical transplantation. Nevertheless, several techniques for hepatic artery reconstruction in rat OLT have been reported recently, and our group also developed a simple splint technique from recipient right renal artery to donor celiac axis bearing the hepatic artery. In the present article, we describe the Kamada technique, as a standard surgical method for rat OLT. In addition, we also describe our splint technique for hepatic artery reconstruction. Then, we compare the features of Kamada technique and our splint technique for hepatic artery reconstruction and all other surgical techniques currently in use for rat OLT. The widespread use of the rat OLT model should help to provide full assessment of transplant immunology and the mechanism and treatment of inflammatory liver diseases.

  7. Outcomes of Hepatic Resection in Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Patients with Diabetes, Hypertension, and Dyslipidemia: Significance of Routine Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Nishioka, Takayoshi; Kubo, Shoji; Tanaka, Shogo; Wakasa, Kenichi; Takemura, Shigekazu; Kinoshita, Masahiko; Hamano, Genya; Kuwae, Yuko; Shibata, Toshihiko; Suehiro, Shigefumi

    2016-01-01

    Background The outcomes of hepatic resection in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HT), and dyslipidemia (DL) (metabolic components) remain unclear. Methods The outcomes of 43 ICC patients without known risk factors for ICC who underwent hepatic resection were retrospectively reviewed. These patients were divided into three groups: those followed-up for metabolic components at least every 6 months (follow-up group, n=16), those not followed-up for metabolic components (no follow-up group, n=14), and those without metabolic components (control group, n=13). Results In the follow-up group, 13 (81%) patients were further examined for ICC during follow-up because of abnormal screening results, such as elevated serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) concentrations or detection of hepatic tumor on ultrasonography and/or computed tomography, whereas most patients in the other two groups exhibited ICC-related symptoms. No patient in the follow-up group exhibited lymph node metastasis, whereas 43% of those in the no follow-up group and 46% in the control group had lymph node metastasis (p=0.005 and 0.004 vs. the follow-up group, respectively). All 16 patients in the follow-up group were diagnosed as International Union Against Cancer pathologic stage I or II (early stage). There were no significant differences in the incidence of postoperative recurrence between the three groups; however, the incidence of extrahepatic recurrence was lower in the follow-up group than in the no follow-up group and the control group (13% vs. 78% vs. 63%, p=0.0232). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survivalrates in the follow-up group were better than those in the no follow-up and control groups (93/93/66% vs. 77/34/34% and 85/24/0%, p=0.034 and 0.001, respectively). Conclusions Routine measurement of serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and/or CA19-9 levels and imaging examinations every 12 months (or 6

  8. The intentional oblique transection double stapling technique in anterior resection for rectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Kuramoto, Masafumi; Ikeshima, Satoshi; Yamamoto, Kenichiro; Morita, Keisuke; Uchihara, Tomoyuki; Itouyama, Rumi; Yoshimatsu, Shinichi; Shimada, Shinya; Baba, Hideo

    2017-04-01

    The double stapling technique (DST) is an intestinal reconstruction technique that has been widely adopted in anterior resection (AR) for rectal cancer. However, anastomotic leakage (AL) after the operation remains a major concern for colorectal surgeons. The sharp-angled corner of the remnant rectum that is often created by the ordinary DST can be a risk factor for AL. We have developed a new method of performing intentional oblique transection DST (IOT-DST). Using this technique, the anal side of the rectum is intentionally obliquely transected with linear staplers, and the area of the sharp-angled edge is totally punched out with a circular stapler. Between September 2015 and March 2016, we used the IOT-DST technique in the treatment of 15 consecutive rectal cancer patients and experienced no anastomosis-related complications, including leakage and stenosis. IOT-DST is easy to use and less stressful to perform than other techniques. IOT-DST has the potential to become the standard technique for AR in rectal cancer surgery.

  9. Hepatic Artery Reconstruction Using 3-in-1 Segmental Resection in Pediatric Living Donor Liver Transplantation: A Case Report and Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Luo, Y; Zhao, D; Zhang, M; Zhou, T; Qiu, B-J; Zhang, J-J; Xia, Q

    2017-09-01

    We report a transplant of the left lateral liver segments with 3 arteries for a pediatric recipient from a living donor. A 6-month-old female infant was diagnosed with liver cirrhosis secondary to biliary atresia and scheduled for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT; mother as donor). Left lateral hepatectomy was performed at the donor site. The dissection of the left hepatic artery (HA), which was divided immediately after its origin, showed 3 branches for segments II, III, and IV. The arteries for segment II, segment III, and segment IV were anastomosed to the recipient HA. No postoperative complications were observed. The outcome of this case demonstrates that left lateral segments with 3 arteries can be successfully used if proper surgical techniques are applied. From this experience we can recommend "3-in-1 segmental resection" in the donor can be safely done by skilled microvascular surgeons and this technique should be considered for selected cases where multiple tiny arteries supply the graft. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  10. A Risk Model to Predict 90-Day Mortality among Patients Undergoing Hepatic Resection

    PubMed Central

    Hyder, Omar; Pulitano, Carlo; Firoozmand, Amin; Dodson, Rebecca; Wolfgang, Christopher L; Choti, Michael A; Aldrighetti, Luca; Pawlik, Timothy M

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND Reliable criteria to predict mortality after hepatectomy remain poorly defined. We sought to identify factors associated with 90-day mortality, as well as validate the “50-50” and peak bilirubin of >7 mg/dL prediction rules for mortality after liver resection. In addition, we propose a novel integer-based score for 90-day mortality using a large cohort of patients. STUDY DESIGN Data from 2,056 patients who underwent liver resection at 2 major hepatobiliary centers between 1990 and 2011 were identified. Perioperative laboratory data, as well as surgical and postoperative details, were analyzed to identify factors associated with liver-related 90-day death. RESULTS Indications for liver resection included colorectal metastasis (39%), hepatocellular carcinoma (19%), benign mass (17%), or noncolorectal metastasis (14%). Most patients had normal underlying liver parenchyma (71%) and resection involved ≥3 segments (36%). Overall morbidity and mortality were 19% and 2%, respectively. Only 1 patient fulfilled the 50-50 criteria; this patient survived and was discharged on day 8. Twenty patients had a peak bilirubin concentration >7 mg/dL and 5 died within 90 days; the sensitivity and spec-ificity of the >7-mg/dL rule were 25% and 99.3%, respectively, but overall accuracy was poor (area under the curve 0.574). Factors associated with 90-day mortality included international normalized ratio (odds ratio = 11.87), bilirubin (odds ratio = 1.16), and serum creatinine (odds ratio = 1.87) on postoperative day 3, as well as grade of postoperative complications (odds ratio = 5.08; all p < 0.05). Integer values were assigned to each factor to develop a model that predicted 90-day mortality (area under the curve 0.89). A score of ≥11 points had a sensitivity and specificity of 83.3% and 98.8%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The 50-50 and bilirubin >7-mg/dL rules were not accurate in predicting 90-day mortality. Rather, a composite integer-based risk score based on

  11. Free Radical Oxidation in Rat Myocardium after Maximum Permissible Hepatic Resection.

    PubMed

    Ermolaev, P A; Khramykh, T P; Barskaya, L O

    2016-03-01

    Free radical oxidation in rat myocardial homogenate was studied by chemiluminescent assay during the early terms after maximum permissible liver resection. During this period, activation of free radical oxidation was biphasic. The critical terms characterized by dramatic intensification of free radical oxidation in the myocardium are the first hour and the first day after surgery. The period from 3 to 12 h after surgery, in which the indices of chemiluminescence decrease, can be tentatively termed as the period of "putative wellbeing". Normalization of the free radical oxidation processes in the myocardium occurred by day 7 after surgery.

  12. Aseptic colon resection by an invagination technique. Experimental study on dogs.

    PubMed

    Jørgensen, L S; Raundahl, U; Knudsen, L L; Aksglaede, K; Søgaard, P

    1991-07-01

    A new aseptic colon resection by an invagination technique is presented. The bowel to be resected is invaginated down into the healthy intestine, and the anastomosis is sutured in one layer of continuous suture before transection by a diathermy wire, placed in the intestinal lumen via the anus. Sections of bowel that cannot be invaginated, e.g., because of a tumor, are first removed by transection between pairs of cable ties, which close the lumen. Twenty dogs were operated on without receiving prophylactic antibiotics. In 10, the intestine was transected between cable ties. An imprint, taken from the anastomosis and subcutis, was cultured. The bacterial count at the anastomosis exceeded 100 in only three cases; in the subcutis, this was the case in one dog. One wound infection developed. Serial barium enemas at 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks revealed no anastomotic leakage. One early death because of a total anastomotic dehiscence was encountered, and two dogs were killed because of wound dehiscence and anastomotic stricture, respectively. It is concluded that, in dogs, the method is easily and safely performed, but further experimental studies are needed.

  13. Outcomes of a hybrid technique for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) pulmonary resection in a community setting

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Roger H; Takabe, Kazuaki; Lockhart, Charles G

    2010-01-01

    Background Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for pulmonary resection was first described 18 years ago; however, it has yet to gain widespread acceptance in community hospitals in the United States. The majority of surgeons who routinely perform VATS resections work in academic or government institutions. There is little data reporting outcomes of VATS pulmonary resections by community-based surgeons. This article reports the outcomes of a hybrid technique for VATS pulmonary resection in a single-surgeon, community-based practice. Methods A retrospective study was performed on all VATS pulmonary resections performed from January 2000 to March 2008 by a community-based, solo-practice surgeon using a hybrid VATS technique, which utilizes dual access through a thoracoscopy port and a utility incision. Results A total of 1170 VATS pulmonary resections were performed over the study period, which is the largest single-surgeon series on VATS pulmonary resection to our knowledge. Among them, 746 cases were for malignant disease. Mean operative time was 52 minutes (median 48 minutes). Mean length of stay was 7 days (median 4 days). Mean length of ICU stay was 1.4 days, with 83% of patients having no days spent in the ICU. Mean length of chest tube duration was 4.5 days. The morbidity rate was 21.1 %, with neuropraxia as the most frequent complication. Perioperative mortality was 4.3% and overall mortality was 16.4%, with a mean follow-up of 425 days. Conclusions This series shows that our hybrid VATS approach to pulmonary resection is safe and feasible at community hospital-based practices. PMID:22263049

  14. Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (ESD) and Related Techniques as Precursors of "New Notes" Resection Methods for Gastric Neoplasms.

    PubMed

    Goto, Osamu; Takeuchi, Hiroya; Kitagawa, Yuko; Yahagi, Naohisa

    2016-04-01

    Endoscopic full-thickness resection for subepithelial tumors is one of the more attractive proposed methods for less-invasive transluminal surgery but remains challenging in terms of safety and feasibility. Currently, laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery is thought to be a more clinically acceptable approach. In targeting cancers, however, more advanced nonexposure techniques are required to avoid the risk of iatrogenic tumor seeding. By combining these techniques with possible regional lymphadenectomy using sentinel node navigation surgery, an ideal minimally invasive, function-preserving gastric resection can be achieved even in possible node-positive cancers. Further development for this type of advanced endoscopic surgery is expected.

  15. Composite mesh and gluteal fasciocutaneous rotation flap for perineal hernia repair after abdominoperineal resection: a novel technique.

    PubMed

    Papadakis, Marios; Hübner, Gunnar; Bednarek, Marzena; Arafkas, Mohamed

    2017-03-01

    Perineal hernia is an uncommon complication following abdominoperineal rectum resection. Several surgical procedures have been proposed for perineal hernia repair, including perineal, laparoscopic and abdominal approaches. Repair techniques can be classified into primary suture techniques, mesh placements and repairs with autogenous tissue. We report a 68-year-old man with a perineal hernia, who underwent a pelvic floor reconstruction with a transperineal composite mesh and a gluteal fasciocutaneous rotation flap. We conclude that a combined approach with transperineal mesh reconstruction and gluteal fasciocutaneous flap could be an alternative choice in perineal hernia repair after abdominoperineal resection.

  16. Resection of Perihilar Cholangiocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Hartog, Hermien; Ijzermans, Jan N M; van Gulik, Thomas M; Groot Koerkamp, Bas

    2016-04-01

    Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma presents at the biliary and vascular junction of the hepatic hilum with a tendency to extend longitudinally into segmental bile ducts. Most patients show metastatic or unresectable disease at time of presentation or surgical exploration. In patients eligible for surgical resection, challenges are to achieve negative bile duct margins, adequate liver remnant function, and adequate portal and arterial inflow to the liver remnant. Surgical treatment is characterized by high rates of postoperative morbidity and mortality. This article reviews the various strategies and techniques, the role of staging laparoscopy, intraoperative frozen section, caudate lobectomy, and vascular reconstruction.

  17. Factors affecting prognosis of small hepatocellular carcinoma in Taiwanese patients following hepatic resection.

    PubMed

    Ko, Chih-Jan; Chien, Su-Yu; Chou, Chen-Te; Chen, Li-Sheng; Chen, Mei-Ling; Chen, Yao-Li

    2011-09-01

    Small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) affects millions of individuals worldwide. Surveillance of high-risk patients increases the early detection of small HCC. To identify prognostic factors affecting the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of patients with small HCC. The present prospective study enrolled 140 Taiwanese patients with stage I or stage II small HCC. Clinical parameters of interest included operation type, tumour size, tumour histology, Child- Pugh class, presence of hepatitis B surface antigen and liver cirrhosis, hepatitis C status, alpha-fetoprotein, total bilirubin and serum albumin levels, and administration of antiviral and salvage therapies. Tumour size correlated significantly with poorer OS in patients with stage I small HCC (P=0.014); however, patients with stage II small HCC experienced a significantly poorer RFS (P=0.033). OS rates did not differ significantly between patients with stage I and stage II small HCC. Tumour margins, tumour histology and cirrhosis did not significantly affect OS or RFS (P>0.05). Increasing tumour size has generally been associated with poorer prognoses in cases of HCC. The present study verified the relationship between small HCC tumour size and OS; however, a reduction in OS with increasing tumour size was demonstrated for patients with stage I - but not for stage II - small HCC. Patients with stage II small HCC may benefit from aggressive surveillance for tumour recurrence and appropriate salvage treatment. Further studies are needed for additional stratification of stage I patients to identify those at increased risk of death.

  18. Surgical resection of vasoactive intestinal peptideoma with hepatic metastasis aids symptom palliation: A case report

    PubMed Central

    ZHANG, XIAOMEI; ZHOU, LINGLI; LIU, YING; LI, WEI; GAO, HONGKAI; WANG, YUNAN; YAO, BAOTING; JIANG, DAMING; HU, PEIJUN

    2016-01-01

    Vasoactive intestinal peptideoma (VIPoma) is a rare pancreatic endocrine tumor associated with a well-defined clinical syndrome characterized by watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis. In adults, VIPoma is most commonly found in the pancreas, with 80% of the tumors occurring in the body and tail and 20% occurring in the pancreatic head. VIPomas can represent a significant diagnostic challenge due to their nonspecific clinical presentation, which can result in the misdiagnosis of a VIPoma as another condition, such as laxative overdose or a carcinoid secreting tumor. Surgical clearance of the tumor is the first-line treatment, even in cases with metastasis. The present study describes the case of a patient who presented with chronic watery diarrhea and hypokalemia due to a tumor in the pancreatic head, which was confirmed to contain immunoreactive vasoactive intestinal polypeptide via immunohistochemistry. A hepatic metastasis lesion was diagnosed following computed tomography. Stable control of symptoms was achieved after surgery and drug treatment. The study additionally reviews the clinical, histological, radiological and diagnostic features of the condition, as well as the therapeutic modalities that can be used to treat VIPoma in the pancreatic head with hepatic metastasis. PMID:26997993

  19. Improving treatment and survival: a population-based study of current outcomes after a hepatic resection in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Zaydfudim, Victor M; McMurry, Timothy L; Harrigan, Amy M; Friel, Charles M; Stukenborg, George J; Bauer, Todd W; Adams, Reid B; Hedrick, Traci L

    2015-01-01

    Background Population-based studies historically report underutilization of a resection in patients with colorectal metastases to the liver. Recent data suggest limitations of the methods in the historical analysis. The present study examines trends in a hepatic resection and survival among Medicare recipients with hepatic metastases. Methods Medicare recipients with incident colorectal cancer diagnosed between 1991 and 2009 were identified in the SEER(Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results)-Medicare dataset. Patients were stratified into historical (1991–2001) and current (2002–2009) cohorts. Analyses compared treatment, peri-operative outcomes and survival. Results Of 31 574 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer to the liver, 14 859 were in the current cohort treated after 2002 and 16 715 comprised the historical control group. The overall proportion treated with a hepatic resection increased significantly during the study period (P < 0.001) with pre/post change from 6.5% pre-2002 to 7.5% currently (P < 0.001). Over time, haemorrhagic and infectious complications declined (both P ≤ 0.047), but 30-day mortality was similar (3.5% versus 3.9%, P = 0.660). After adjusting for predictors of survival, the use of a hepatic resection [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.40, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.38–0.42, P < 0.001] and treatment after 2002 (HR = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.86–0.90, P < 0.001) were associated with a reduced risk of death. Conclusions Case identification using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9) codes is imperfect; however, comparison of trends over time suggests an improvement in multimodality therapy and survival in patients with colorectal metastases to the liver. PMID:26353888

  20. Validity of Hepatic or Pancreatic Resection for Elderly Patients Aged 85 Years or Older at a Single Community Hospital in Japan.

    PubMed

    Itoh, Shinji; Kohnoe, Shunji; Shirabe, Ken; Yoshida, Daisuke; Kawanaka, Hirofumi; Yoshizumi, Tomoharu; Ikegami, Toru; Yamashita, Yo-Ichi; Kurihara, Takeshi; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2016-08-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of age on the surgical outcomes in hepatic or pancreatic resection. We performed 50 hepatic or pancreatic resections in our community hospital and divided them into 2 groups based on age: patients aged ≥85 years old and patients aged <85 years old. We calculated the Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) score and the Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enumeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM) system and compared the surgical outcome between the two groups. There was no significant difference between the two groups with regard to E-PASS and POSSUM scores. Patients aged ≥85 years had a significantly higher frequency of anti-platelet agents. The incidence of postoperative complications and mortality in patients ≥85 years old were comparable to those in patients aged <85 years old. Hepatic or pancreatic resection for elderly patients aged 85 years or older can be safely performed under a given careful patient selection. Copyright© 2016 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.

  1. Impact of obesity on the surgical outcome following repeat hepatic resection in Japanese patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Utsunomiya, Tohru; Okamoto, Masahiro; Kameyama, Toshihumi; Matsuyama, Ayumi; Yamamoto, Manabu; Fujiwara, Megumu; Mori, Masaki; Aimitsu, Shiomi; Ishida, Teruyoshi

    2008-03-14

    To evaluate the impact of obesity on the posto-perative outcome after hepatic resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Data from 328 consecutive patients with primary HCC and 60 patients with recurrent HCC were studied. We compared the surgical outcomes between the non-obese group (body mass index: BMI < 25 kg/m(2)) and the obese group (BMI > or = 25 kg/m(2)). Following curative hepatectomy in patients with primary HCC, the incidence of postoperative complications and the long-term prognosis in the non-obese group (n = 240) were comparable to those in the obese group (n = 88). Among patients with recurrent HCC, the incidence of postoperative complications after repeat hepatectomy was not significantly different between the non-obese group (n = 44) and the obese group (n = 16). However, patients in the obese group showed a significantly poorer long-term prognosis than those in the non-obese group (P < 0.05, five-year survival rate; 51.9% and 92.0%, respectively). Obesity alone may not have an adverse effect on the surgical outcomes of patients with primary HCC. However, greater caution seems to be required when planning a repeat hepatectomy for obese patients with recurrent HCC.

  2. Two-micron (thulium) laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique: a new method for BPH treatment.

    PubMed

    Xia, Shu-Jie

    2009-05-01

    Two-micron (thulium) laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) is a transurethral procedure that uses a thulium laser fiber to dissect whole prostatic lobes off the surgical capsule, similar to peeling a tangerine. We recently reported the primary results. Here we introduce this procedure in detail. A 70-W, 2-microm (thulium) laser was used in continuous-wave mode. We joined the incision by making a transverse cut from the level of the verumontanum to the bladder neck, making the resection sufficiently deep to reach the surgical capsule, and resected the prostate into small pieces, just like peeling a tangerine. As we resected the prostate, the pieces were vaporized, sufficiently small to be evacuated through the resectoscope sheath, and the use of the mechanical tissue morcellator was not required. The excellent hemostasis of the thulium laser ensured the safety of TmLRP-TT. No patient required blood transfusion. Saline irrigation was used intraoperatively, and no case of transurethral resection syndrome was observed. The bladder outlet obstruction had clearly resolved after catheter removal in all cases. We designed the tangerine technique and proved it to be the most suitable procedure for the use of thulium laser in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This procedure, which takes less operative time than standard techniques, is safe and combines efficient cutting and rapid organic vaporization, thereby showing the great superiority of the thulium fiber laser in the treatment of BPH. It has been proven to be as safe and efficient as transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) during the 1-year follow-up.

  3. Two-micron (thulium) laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique: a new method for BPH treatment

    PubMed Central

    Xia, Shu-Jie

    2009-01-01

    Two-micron (thulium) laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) is a transurethral procedure that uses a thulium laser fiber to dissect whole prostatic lobes off the surgical capsule, similar to peeling a tangerine. We recently reported the primary results. Here we introduce this procedure in detail. A 70-W, 2-μm (thulium) laser was used in continuous-wave mode. We joined the incision by making a transverse cut from the level of the verumontanum to the bladder neck, making the resection sufficiently deep to reach the surgical capsule, and resected the prostate into small pieces, just like peeling a tangerine. As we resected the prostate, the pieces were vaporized, sufficiently small to be evacuated through the resectoscope sheath, and the use of the mechanical tissue morcellator was not required. The excellent hemostasis of the thulium laser ensured the safety of TmLRP-TT. No patient required blood transfusion. Saline irrigation was used intraoperatively, and no case of transurethral resection syndrome was observed. The bladder outlet obstruction had clearly resolved after catheter removal in all cases. We designed the tangerine technique and proved it to be the most suitable procedure for the use of thulium laser in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This procedure, which takes less operative time than standard techniques, is safe and combines efficient cutting and rapid organic vaporization, thereby showing the great superiority of the thulium fiber laser in the treatment of BPH. It has been proven to be as safe and efficient as transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) during the 1-year follow-up. PMID:19398957

  4. A Novel Technique for Duodenal Resection and Primary Anastomosis With Robotic Assistance and OrVil

    PubMed Central

    Salman, Bulent; Nasirov, Mahir; Dogan, Ibrahim

    2017-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Benign duodenal neoplasm is a rare occurrence. Minimally invasive tumor resection and anastomosis formation with an OrVil catheter is a novel approach to treating this disease. In this article, we present a new technique for duodenojejunal anastomosis. This technique was applied in 4 patients with benign distal duodenal tumors who were treated with minimally invasive surgery with robotic assistance. Methods: In 4 patients, after the removal of distal duodenal masses with a robotic technique, an orifice in the duodenum was opened to allow for the passage of a guidewire. The guidewire was removed from the orifice by holding it with forceps during an upper endoscopy. An OrVil catheter was sutured to the guidewire outside to allow 2 catheters to proceed consecutively. After the removal of the anvil, an end-lateral duodenojejunostomy was performed with a circular stapler. Results: The patients included 3 men and 1 woman (average age, 56). The durations of the operations were 215, 175, 180, and 185 minutes. No complications were observed in any of the patients during the postoperative period. The patients began oral intake on the fifth day of the postoperative period, and they were discharged on the sixth postoperative day. Histopathologic analyses indicated that the removed tumors were adenomas in 2 patients and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) in 2 patients. Clear surgical margins were observed in all of the patients. Conclusion: The placement of an OrVil catheter for anastomosis in benign neoplasms with distal duodenum localization and the subsequent achievement of duodenojejunal anastomosis with a circular stapler constitute a novel treatment approach. PMID:28144127

  5. Totally robotic single-position 'flip' arm technique for splenic flexure mobilizations and low anterior resections.

    PubMed

    Obias, Vincent; Sanchez, Caroline; Nam, Arthur; Montenegro, Grace; Makhoul, Rami

    2011-06-01

    Using the da Vinci robot in low anterior resection (LAR) has not been widely adopted due to limited range of motion of the robotic arms and the need to move the robot during operations. Our technique uses all three arms for both the splenic flexure and the pelvis, but with only one docking position. The robot is placed to the left of the patient. The camera port is 3 cm to the right of the umbilicus. Arm 1 is placed in the RLQ. Arm 2 is placed midepigastric. Arm 3 is placed in the LLQ. Arm 3 starts off on the left side of the robot, on the same side as Arm 1 aimed cephalad. During mobilization of colon and splenic flexure, Arms 2 and 3 help retract the colon while Arm 1 dissects. Our pelvic dissection begins with Arm 3 "flipped" to the right side of the robot and redocked to the same left sided port aimed caudally. The robot does not need to be repositioned and the patient does not need to be moved. The pelvic dissection can now be done in the standard fashion. Our early experience includes four patients: two LARs and two left hemicolectomies. Mean operative time = 347 minutes, docking time = 20 minutes, and robotic surgical time = 195 minutes. Two complications occurred: post-operative ileus and high ostomy output. Mean LOS = 5. The robotic "flip" arm technique allows the surgeon to fully utilize all the robotic arms in LAR, which is unique versus other techniques. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Antiplatelet Therapy is Associated with a Better Prognosis for Patients with Hepatitis B Virus-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma after Liver Resection.

    PubMed

    Lee, Pei-Chang; Yeh, Chiu-Mei; Hu, Yu-Wen; Chen, Chun-Chia; Liu, Chia-Jen; Su, Chien-Wei; Huo, Teh-Ia; Huang, Yi-Hsiang; Chao, Yee; Chen, Tzeng-Ji; Lin, Han-Chieh; Wu, Jaw-Ching

    2016-12-01

    Recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with unsatisfactory survival is common after surgical resection. Antiplatelet therapy with aspirin or clopidogrel was recently shown to prevent hepatic carcinogenesis in a murine model, but its effect in humans had not been clarified. This study aimed to investigate the association between antiplatelet therapy and the outcomes for patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC after liver resection. By analyzing data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 9461 HBV-related HCC patients who had undergone liver resection between January 1997 and December 2011 were identified. After one-to-four matching by sex, age, and propensity score, 442 patients with antiplatelet therapy and 1768 patients without antiplatelet therapy were enrolled for the analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method and modified Cox proportional hazards models were used for survival and multivariable, stratified analyses. Recurrence-free survival and overall survival after resection surgery were significantly better after 5 years in the treated cohort than in the untreated cohort (52.8 vs 47.9 %; p = 0.021 and 80.3 vs 65.4 %; p < 0.001, respectively). Besides, antiplatelet therapy reduced the risk of HCC recurrence (hazard ratio [HR] 0.73; p < 0.001) and overall mortality (HR 0.57; p < 0.001) in the multivariable analysis. However, antiplatelet use significantly increased the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (odds ratio [OR] 1.91; p < 0.001). Use of aspirin or clopidogrel was associated with better recurrence-free survival and overall survival among patients with HBV-related HCC after liver resection. However, these agents should be used with caution due to the adverse effects of upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

  7. Endoscopic resection techniques and ablative therapies for Barrett’s neoplasia

    PubMed Central

    Ortiz-Fernández-Sordo, Jacobo; Parra-Blanco, Adolfo; García-Varona, Alejandro; Rodríguez-Peláez, María; Madrigal-Hoyos, Erika; Waxman, Irving; Rodrigo, Luis

    2011-01-01

    Esophageal adenocarcinoma is the most rapidly increasing cancer in western countries. High-grade dysplasia (HGD) arising from Barrett’s esophagus (BE) is the most important risk factor for its development, and when it is present the reported incidence is up to 10% per patient-year. Adenocarcinoma in the setting of BE develops through a well known histological sequence, from non-dysplastic Barrett’s to low grade dysplasia and then HGD and cancer. Endoscopic surveillance programs have been established to detect the presence of neoplasia at a potentially curative stage. Newly developed endoscopic treatments have dramatically changed the therapeutic approach of BE. When neoplasia is confined to the mucosal layer the risk for developing lymph node metastasis is negligible and can be successfully eradicated by an endoscopic approach, offering a curative intention treatment with minimal invasiveness. Endoscopic therapies include resection techniques, also known as tissue-acquiring modalities, and ablation therapies or non-tissue acquiring modalities. The aim of endoscopic treatment is to eradicate the whole Barrett’s segment, since the risk of developing synchronous and metachronous lesions due to the persistence of molecular aberrations in the residual epithelium is well established. PMID:21954414

  8. Resection of Giant Hemangioma of the Tongue Utilizing a Miniature Tourniquet Technique.

    PubMed

    Shuker, Sabri T

    2016-07-01

    With the progress of multidisciplinary vascular anomaly treatment, the use of radiotherapy, cryotherapy, laser therapy and medical treatments, the corticosteroid, sclerotherapy, and many more, the role of surgery has been refined. Surgical treatment has historically been the mainstay of treatment and will maintain.A miniature tourniquet technique applied to the tongue was successfully utilized in reducing bleeding to a minimum during surgical resection of a massive cavernous hemangioma involving the tongue and lower lip without any postoperative complications.Comprehensions of the neurovascular anatomy of the tongue, vasculature, innervations, and muscles physiological functions are very important for selecting the right surgical approach.A 9-year-old girl presented with giant hemangioma resulting in severe protrusions of the anterior and lateral two-thirds of the tongue with an extensive anterior open bite jaw deformity and oral physiological dysfunctions as speech, mastication, and deglutition. Such a presentation is a unique surgical challenge due to the high risk of bleeding, tongue swelling, and airway compromise.Postsurgical results showed oral physiological function improvement and the elimination of interaction effects on anterior open bite.

  9. Portal vein embolization for induction of selective hepatic hypertrophy prior to major hepatectomy: rationale, techniques, outcomes and future directions

    PubMed Central

    Li, David; Madoff, David C.

    2016-01-01

    The ability to modulate the future liver remnant (FLR) is a key component of modern oncologic hepatobiliary surgery practice and has extended surgical candidacy for patients who may have been previously thought unable to survive liver resection. Multiple techniques have been developed to augment the FLR including portal vein embolization (PVE), associating liver partition and portal vein ligation (ALPPS), and the recently reported transhepatic liver venous deprivation (LVD). PVE is a well-established means to improve the safety of liver resection by redirecting blood flow to the FLR in an effort to selectively hypertrophy and ultimately improve functional reserve of the FLR. This article discusses the current practice of PVE with focus on summarizing the large number of published reports from which outcomes based practices have been developed. Both technical aspects of PVE including volumetry, approaches, and embolization agents; and clinical aspects of PVE including data supporting indications, and its role in conjunction with chemotherapy and transarterial embolization will be highlighted. PVE remains an important aspect of oncologic care; in large part due to the substantial foundation of information available demonstrating its clear clinical benefit for hepatic resection candidates with small anticipated FLRs. PMID:28154774

  10. Tie2-Expressing Monocytes Are Associated with Identification and Prognoses of Hepatitis B Virus Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma after Resection

    PubMed Central

    Song, Kang; Sun, Qi-Man; Zhou, Jian

    2015-01-01

    Background Tie2-expressing monocytes (TEMs) are found in various tumors, involved in forming tumor blood vessels and expressing several important proangiogenic factors. The goals of this study were to evaluate the value of TEMs in diagnosing and predicting the prognosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods Flow cytometry was performed to identify and count TEMs in peripheral blood monocytes from HCC patients (n = 84) receiving hepatectomy, HBV cirrhotic patients (n = 21), benign tumors patients (n = 15) and healthy volunteers (n = 23). Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) levels in the plasma were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The distribution of TEMs in tumor tissue was observed by immunofluorescence staining. Then we determined the vascular area as a percentage of tumor area (vascular area/tumor area) by immunohistochemical staining. Finally the prognostic significance of TEMs and other clinicopathologic factors was evaluated. Results Percentage of TEMs in peripheral blood monocytes significantly increased in HCC patients compared with HBV cirrhotic patients and healthy donors (both P< 0.001). However there was no significance in benign liver tumor (P = 0.482). In addition, the percentage of circulating TEMs was positively correlated with plasma Ang-2 concentration (P<0.001, r2 = 0.294) and vascular area/tumor area (P<0.001, r2 = 0.126). Furthermore the percentage of intratumoral TEMs was significantly higher than that of paratumoral TEMs (P<0.001). Increased circulating TEMs was associated with poor overall survival (P = 0.043) and a shorter time to recurrence (P = 0.041). Multivariate Cox analysis also revealed that the percentage of TEMs in peripheral blood was an independent factor for HCC patients’ prognosis. Conclusions TEMs may promote angiogenesis in HCC regarding the angiopoietin/Tie2 signal pathway. Percentage of TEMs in peripheral blood monocytes may be applied as a biomarker for identifying HBV-related HCC

  11. Survival outcomes of hepatic resection compared with transarterial chemoembolization or sorafenib for hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumor thrombosis.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jung Min; Jang, Byoung Kuk; Lee, Yoo Jin; Choi, Wang Yong; Choi, Sei Myong; Chung, Woo Jin; Hwang, Jae Seok; Kang, Koo Jeong; Kim, Young Hwan; Chauhan, Anil Kumar; Park, Soo Young; Tak, Won Young; Kweon, Young Oh; Kim, Byung Seok; Lee, Chang Hyeong

    2016-03-01

    Treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) remains controversial. We compared the outcomes of hepatic resection (HR), transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), and sorafenib therapy as treatments for HCC with PVTT. Patients diagnosed as HCC with PVTT between January 2000 and December 2011 who received treatment with sorafenib, HR, or TACE were included. Patients with main PVTT, superior mesenteric vein tumor thrombosis, or Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class C were excluded. The records of 172 patients were analyzed retrospectively. HR, TACE, and sorafenib treatment were performed is 40, 80, and 52 patients respectively. PVTT was classified as either involving the segmental branch (type I) or extending to involve the right or left portal vein (type II). The median survival time was significantly longer in the HR group (19.9 months) than in the TACE and sorafenib groups (6.6 and 6.2 months, respectively; both p<0.001), and did not differ significantly between the latter two groups (p=0.698). Among patients with CTP class A, type I PVTT or unilobar-involved HCC, the median survival time was longer in the HR group than in the TACE and sorafenib groups (p=0.006). In univariate analyses, the initial treatment method, tumor size, PVTT type, involved lobe, CTP class, and presence of cirrhosis or ascites were correlated with overall survival. The significant prognostic factors for overall survival in Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis were initial treatment method (HR vs. TACE: hazard ratio=1.750, p=0.036; HR vs. sorafenib: hazard ratio=2.262, p=0.006), involved lobe (hazard ratio=1.705, p=0.008), PVTT type (hazard ratio=1.617, p=0.013), and CTP class (hazard ratio=1.712, p=0.012). Compared with TACE or sorafenib, HR may prolong the survival of patients with HCC in cases of CTP class A, type I PVTT or unilobar-involved HCC.

  12. Submucosal endoscopy with mucosal resection (SEMR): a new hybrid technique of endoscopic submucosal balloon dissection in the porcine rectosigmoid colon.

    PubMed

    Takizawa, Kohei; Knipschield, Mary A; Gostout, Christopher J

    2013-12-01

    We developed a technique, submucosal endoscopy with mucosal resection (SEMR) intended to make endoscopic submucosal dissection easier and safer. With this technique, the submucosal layer is balloon dissected in lieu of electrosurgical knife dissection. The aim of this study was to further evaluate SEMR in the porcine rectum and colon. Targeted sites in the rectum and the distal colon were marked by spot coagulation. Submucosal fluid cushions (SFC) were created followed by a circumferential mucosal incision. After isolation of the targeted mucosa, balloon dissection was initiated. The balloon catheter was inserted deep into SFC and the inflated balloon repeatedly pulled back toward the endoscope tip to disrupt the submucosa. Residual strands of submucosa were cut. Dissection difficulty scores (DDS) were used using a visual analogue scale ranging from 0 to 5 (failed). The entire study period was divided into three periods (first period, pigs 1-10; second period, pigs 11-20; third period, pigs 21-30). Sixty lesions in 30 pigs were resected using SEMR. The en block resection rate was 95%. There were three incomplete resections, two as a result of an errant site location and one as a result of a floppy prototype balloon catheter tip. The median resected size, procedure time, and DDS were 6.0 cm, 25 min, and 1. All three failed cases occurred in first period. The procedure time in third period was significantly shorter than the second period (P = 0.0017). The DDS in first period was significantly higher than the second (P = 0.0024) and third (P = 0.0155) periods. Two perforations, one muscularis propria catheter perforation, and one mucosal perforation were observed (3.3%). Large mucosal target sites in the rectum and distal colon could be safely removed en bloc by means of a hybrid technique, SEMR, with blunt submucosal balloon dissection.

  13. Hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in super-elderly patients aged 80 years and older in the first decade of the 21st century.

    PubMed

    Nozawa, Akinori; Kubo, Shoji; Takemura, Shigekazu; Sakata, Chikaharu; Urata, Yorihisa; Nishioka, Takayoshi; Kinoshita, Masahiko; Hamano, Genya; Uenishi, Takahiro; Suehiro, Shigefumi

    2015-07-01

    We evaluated the preoperative and postoperative characteristics and prognosis of super-elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Four hundred and thirty-one patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC were classified into three groups according to their age at the time of surgery: super-elderly (≥80 years; n = 20), elderly (70-80 years; n = 172) and younger (<70 years; n = 239). We compared the clinical characteristics, preoperative and postoperative factors and prognosis among the groups to evaluate whether liver resection is appropriate for super-elderly patients. The liver function was not significantly different among the groups. The proportion of patients with preoperative cardiovascular and respiratory disease and hypertension was higher in the super-elderly group compared to the other groups. The super-elderly group had shorter operations and reduced hemorrhage rates compared to the other groups. Postoperative cardiovascular complications and delirium were more frequently observed in the super-elderly group. The overall and tumor-free survival rates were not significantly different among the groups. Super-elderly patients had a lower rate of liver or HCC-related death and a higher rate of death due to other causes than the other groups. Super-elderly HCC patients who are appropriately evaluated and selected might have a favorable prognosis after undergoing hepatic resection.

  14. Gap balancing versus measured resection technique using a mobile-bearing prosthesis in computer-assisted surgery.

    PubMed

    Sabbioni, G; Rani, N; Del Piccolo, N; Ben Ayad, R; Carubbi, C; Tigani, D

    2011-04-01

    Navigation has been developed to help surgeons install implants more accurately and reproducibly; at the same time, this tool is able to record quantitative information such as joint range of motion, laxity and kinematics intra-operatively. As for standard surgery, two strategies are possible to achieve either femoral component rotation or overall prosthetic alignment: a measured gap resection approach, in which bone landmarks are used to guide resections equal to the distal and posterior thickness of the femoral component, or a gap-balancing technique, in which equal collateral ligament tension in flexion and extension is tried to find before as a guide to final bone cuts. The purpose of this paper is to compare the two different methods in a 67 patients group submitted to the same procedure using mobile-bearing (MB) prosthesis in order to analyse the effect of both techniques on joint line maintenance, axial limb restoration and components position. The gap group (GG) consists of 31 patients in whom the arthroplasty was performed using a navigated gap-balancing technique. The measured group (MG) consists of 36 patients in whom a computer-assisted measured resection technique was used. The results of imaging and the number of outliers were not statistically different (P = 0.56) for the mechanical axis and prosthetic positioning between the two groups. The gap technique showed a statistically significant alteration of the post-operative value when compared with the measured resection technique, (P = 0.036). The mean elevation of the joint line was 4.09 mm for the GG and 3.50 mm in the MG.

  15. Laparoscopic bowel-lifting technique: a novel and standardized technique for laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Kazuteru; Fujii, Shoichi; Watanabe, Jun; Ishibe, Atushi; Ota, Mitsuyoshi; Ichikawa, Yasushi; Kunisaki, Chikara; Endo, Itaru

    2014-04-01

    Although surgeons have tried to reduce the number of ports in order to achieve better cosmesis and less postoperative pain, it may lead to increased risk for complications. Herein, we introduce a technique, "laparoscopic bowel-lifting (LBL) technique," which helps to reduce ports without additional trocars. The mesocolon is pierced near the line of transaction using the pair of dissecting forceps. A 1-0 Vicryl suture is introduced into the abdominal cavity using a grasping needle and passed through the mesocolon. The colon is retracted using the suture and fixed to the abdominal wall using a pair of forceps. Thereafter, traction is placed on the main nutrient artery. Mobilization of the rectum is performed after moving the traction to the cranial side by using a grasping needle. As the rectal tube was pulled toward the cranial side, it is possible to identify the mesorectum with a good visual field. We performed this procedure in 100 consecutive patients with rectal cancer who underwent curative laparoscopic low anterior resection (Lap-LAR) between November 2001 and March 2010. The median duration of follow-up after Lap-LAR was 53.2 months. The tumor was located in the middle rectum in 75 patients and in the lower rectum in 25 patients. The stage grouping on the basis of the TNM classification was as follows: stage 0, 6; stage I, 46; stage II, 18; and stage III, 30. The number of trocars used in the LBL group was 3 or 4. No LBL cases used 5 trocars. No operative complications were attributable to this technique. The overall rates of anastomotic leakage and morbidity were 10.0% and 33.0%, respectively. The 5-year relapse-free and 5-year overall survival rates were stage 0, 100/100; stage I, 93.3/96.8; stage II, 81.5/88.5; and stage III, 74.5/75.7. LBL technique is feasible for performing Lap-LAR. This method reduces the number of ports and might help to introduce a single-incisional surgery.

  16. Different cava reconstruction techniques in liver transplantation: piggyback versus cava resection.

    PubMed

    Schmitz, Volker; Schoening, Wenzel; Jelkmann, Ines; Globke, Brigitta; Pascher, Andreas; Bahra, Marcus; Neuhaus, Peter; Puhl, Gero

    2014-06-01

    Originally, cava reconstruction (CR) in liver transplantation meant complete resection and reinsertion of the donor cava. Alternatively, preservation of the recipients inferior vena cava (IVC) with side-to-side anastomosis (known as "piggyback") can be performed. Here, partial clamping maintains blood flow of the IVC, which may improve cardiovascular stability, reduce blood loss and stabilize kidney function. The aim of this study was to compare both techniques with particular focus on kidney function. A series of 414 patients who had had adult liver transplantations (2006-2009) were included. Among them, 176 (42.5%) patients had piggyback and 238 had classical CR operation, 112 (27.1%) of the patients underwent CR accompanied with veno-venous bypass (CR-B) and 126 (30.4%) without a bypass. The choice of either technique was based on the surgeons' individual preference. Kidney function [serum creatinine, calculated glomerular filtration rate (GFR), RIFLE stages] was assessed over 14 days. Lab-MELD scores were significantly higher in CR-B (22.5+/-11.0) than in CR (17.3+/-9.0) and piggyback (18.8+/-10.0) (P=0.008). Unexpectedly, the incidences of arterial stenoses (P=0.045) and biliary leaks (P=0.042) were significantly increased in piggyback. Preoperative serum creatinine levels were the highest in CR-B [1.45+/-1.17 vs 1.25+/-0.85 (piggyback) and 1.13+/-0.60 mg/dL (CR); P=0.033]. Although a worsening of postoperative kidney function was observed among all groups, this was most pronounced in CR-B [creatinine day 14: 1.67+/-1.40 vs 1.35+/-0.96 (piggyback) and 1.45+/-1.03 mg/dL (CR); P=0.102]. Accordingly, the proportion of patients displaying RIFLE stages ≥2 was the highest in CR/CR-B (26%/19%) when compared to piggyback (18%). Piggyback revealed a shorter warm ischemic time, a reduced blood loss, and a decreased risk of acute kidney failure. Thus, piggyback is a useful technique, which should be applied in standard procedures. When piggyback is unfeasible, cava

  17. A Pentagram Suture Technique for Closing Tumor Resection Sites in the Face

    PubMed Central

    Takeuchi, Masaki; Mori, Satoko; Sakurai, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    Background: Resection of facial skin tumors aims to remove the tumors completely and make the surgical scar unnoticeable as much as possible. By improving the purse string suture method, we developed a new pentagram suture technique that enables simple and safe suturing of small to large defects with early satisfactory esthetic outcomes. The surgical outcomes of a case series were examined in this report. Methods: As in drawing a unicursal star, 5 suture sites were marked at specific intervals around the defect area. A needle with 5-0 polydioxanone suture was passed from the subcutaneous tissue to the superficial dermal layer at one site and then from the superficial dermal layer to the subcutaneous layer at the next site, and the process was repeated until the pentagram was complete. When apposition was not tight enough, a couple of external stitches were added using 6-0 nylon suture. Results: In 13 patients (16 benign or malignant tumors; mean age, 51.1 years) with a mean tumor size of 10.1 ± 5.2 mm and postoperative skin defect diameter of 12.1 ± 8.2 mm, closure did not result in high tension on the suture, and there was reduced mechanical stress at the wound margin. Surgical outcomes were good esthetically at 6 months after surgery without keloid formation or scar contracture. None of the patients had postoperative pain, infection, or tumor recurrence. Conclusions: This simple alternative method for the closure of facial skin defects after skin tumor excision could be performed easily and provided satisfactory surgical outcomes. PMID:26495212

  18. A simple technique for evacuating air bubbles with scum from the bladder dome during transurethral resection of bladder tumor

    PubMed Central

    Moriyama, Shingo; Chiba, Koji; Noro, Akira

    2014-01-01

    Air bubbles floating in the bladder dome during transurethral resection of a bladder tumor can interfere with the resection, causing intravesical explosion and increasing the potential risk of tumor cell reimplantation. We describe a simple and effective technique for evacuating air bubbles from the bladder dome using routine resectoscopes. First, the beak of the resectoscope is positioned near the air bubble in the bladder dome. Second, the drainage channel of the resectoscope is closed. Third, the irrigation tube is detached from the irrigation channel, and then the channel is opened. Subsequently, the air bubble with entangled scum will be retrogradely aspirated from the beak of the resectoscope to the irrigation channel. Reversing the direction of the water stream enables evacuation of the air bubble with the scum under direct vision. This simple and effective technique may assist surgeons and ensure the safety of patients during a transurethral procedure. PMID:25562002

  19. Survival outcomes of hepatic resection compared with transarterial chemoembolization or sorafenib for hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumor thrombosis

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jung Min; Jang, Byoung Kuk; Lee, Yoo Jin; Choi, Wang Yong; Choi, Sei Myong; Chung, Woo Jin; Hwang, Jae Seok; Kang, Koo Jeong; Kim, Young Hwan; Chauhan, Anil Kumar; Park, Soo Young; Tak, Won Young; Kweon, Young Oh; Kim, Byung Seok; Lee, Chang Hyeong

    2016-01-01

    Background/Aims: Treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) remains controversial. We compared the outcomes of hepatic resection (HR), transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), and sorafenib therapy as treatments for HCC with PVTT. Methods: Patients diagnosed as HCC with PVTT between January 2000 and December 2011 who received treatment with sorafenib, HR, or TACE were included. Patients with main PVTT, superior mesenteric vein tumor thrombosis, or Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class C were excluded. The records of 172 patients were analyzed retrospectively. HR, TACE, and sorafenib treatment were performed is 40, 80, and 52 patients respectively. PVTT was classified as either involving the segmental branch (type I) or extending to involve the right or left portal vein (type II). Results: The median survival time was significantly longer in the HR group (19.9 months) than in the TACE and sorafenib groups (6.6 and 6.2 months, respectively; both p<0.001), and did not differ significantly between the latter two groups (p=0.698). Among patients with CTP class A, type I PVTT or unilobar-involved HCC, the median survival time was longer in the HR group than in the TACE and sorafenib groups (p=0.006). In univariate analyses, the initial treatment method, tumor size, PVTT type, involved lobe, CTP class, and presence of cirrhosis or ascites were correlated with overall survival. The significant prognostic factors for overall survival in Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis were initial treatment method (HR vs. TACE: hazard ratio=1.750, p=0.036; HR vs. sorafenib: hazard ratio=2.262, p=0.006), involved lobe (hazard ratio=1.705, p=0.008), PVTT type (hazard ratio=1.617, p=0.013), and CTP class (hazard ratio=1.712, p=0.012). Conclusions: Compared with TACE or sorafenib, HR may prolong the survival of patients with HCC in cases of CTP class A, type I PVTT or unilobar-involved HCC. PMID:27044767

  20. Adjuvant Hepatic Arterial Infusion Chemotherapy After Resection for Pancreatic Cancer Using Coaxial Catheter-Port System Compared with Conventional System.

    PubMed

    Hashimoto, Aya; Tanaka, Toshihiro; Sho, Masayuki; Nishiofuku, Hideyuki; Masada, Tetsuya; Sato, Takeshi; Marugami, Nagaaki; Anai, Hiroshi; Sakaguchi, Hiroshi; Kanno, Masatoshi; Tamamoto, Tetsuro; Hasegawa, Masatoshi; Nakajima, Yoshiyuki; Kichikawa, Kimihiko

    2016-06-01

    Previous reports have shown the effectiveness of adjuvant hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) in pancreatic cancer. However, percutaneous catheter placement is technically difficult after pancreatic surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and outcome of HAIC using a coaxial technique compared with conventional technique for postoperative pancreatic cancer. 93 consecutive patients who received percutaneous catheter-port system placement after pancreatectomy were enrolled. In 58 patients from March 2006 to August 2010 (Group A), a conventional technique with a 5-Fr indwelling catheter was used and in 35 patients from September 2010 to September 2012 (Group B), a coaxial technique with a 2.7-Fr coaxial catheter was used. The overall technical success rates were 97.1 % in Group B and 86.2 % in Group A. In cases with arterial tortuousness and stenosis, the success rate was significantly higher in Group B (91.7 vs. 53.8 %; P = 0.046). Fluoroscopic and total procedure times were significantly shorter in Group B: 14.7 versus 26.7 min (P = 0.001) and 64.8 versus 80.7 min (P = 0.0051), respectively. No differences were seen in the complication rate. The 1 year liver metastasis rates were 9.9 % using the conventional system and 9.1 % using the coaxial system (P = 0.678). The overall median survival time was 44 months. There was no difference in the survival period between two systems (P = 0.312). The coaxial technique is useful for catheter placement after pancreatectomy, achieving a high success rate and reducing fluoroscopic and procedure times, while maintaining the safety and efficacy for adjuvant HAIC in pancreatic cancer.

  1. Block resection of the hepatoduodenal ligament for carcinoma of the bile duct and gallbladder. Surgical technique and a report of 11 cases.

    PubMed

    Mimura, H; Takakura, N; Kim, H; Hamazaki, K; Tsuge, H; Ochiai, Y

    1991-12-01

    Carcinoma of the bile duct and gallbladder often infiltrates the entire hepatoduodenal ligament. Therefore radical resection should include block resection of the hepatoduodenal ligament. Over the last two years, block resection of the hepatoduodenal ligament for carcinoma of the bile duct and gallbladder was performed in 11 patients. When the carcinoma was located in the hilar bile duct, a combination of hemihepatectomy including the caudate lobe and ligamentetomy, "hepato-ligamentectomy", was performed (six cases). When the carcinoma was in the lower bile duct, a combination of pancreatico-duodenectomy and ligamentectomy, "ligamento-pancreatectomy", was performed (three cases). In two extremely advanced cases a combination of both hepatectomy and pancreatectomy with ligamentectomy, "hepato-ligamento-pancreatectomy", was performed. To accomplish these procedures safely, double catheter bypass of the portal circulation, devised by the authors in 1986, proved very effective in maintaining sufficient hepatic circulation and preventing portal congestion during block resection of the hepatoduodenal ligament. Histological evidence of invasion of the carcinoma cells into the hepatoduodenal ligament was detected in 10 cases, and in half of them the hepatic artery or portal vein was involved. As of April 1988, five cases in whom curative resection was performed are still alive, the longest survival period being 18 months. Four cases died in the early postoperative period, three of the deaths being due to sepsis and one to respirator malfunction.

  2. Reconstruction of the lower lip after radical resection for cancer: the "Pharaoh technique".

    PubMed

    Soussaline, M; Kauer, C

    1977-08-01

    For patients affected by far advanced lower lip cancer, with great local tumor destruction but few or no metastases, we advocate radical resection. Here we describe a method for these repairs, using two deltopectoral flaps. It produces a good functional result and satisfactory appearance. No recurrences have been observed in our 5 cases during a two-year follow-up.

  3. A Systematic Review With Consensus Expert Opinion of Best Reconstructive Techniques After Osseous En Bloc Spinal Column Tumor Resection.

    PubMed

    Glennie, R Andrew; Rampersaud, Y Raja; Boriani, Stefano; Reynolds, Jeremy J; Williams, Richard; Gokaslan, Ziya L; Schmidt, Meic H; Varga, Peter P; Fisher, Charles G

    2016-10-15

    Systematic literature review and consensus expert opinion. To provide recommendations on reconstructive constructs for large tumor resections of the spinal column. Four questions were studied: (1) What are the best reconstructive options for single versus multilevel resections? (2) Should short segment fixation be considered in primary tumor reconstruction? (3) How should reconstructive techniques differ at various regions of the spine? (4) Does planned postoperative radiation change the fusion strategy? Primary spinal tumors requiring en bloc resection are rare. Most studies focus on disease-free survival and local recurrence rates. Few studies focus on reconstructive options and outcomes with respect to fusion rates and need for revision. A literature search was performed from January 1990 to December 2013. Data were combined and construct survivorship summarized. A survey was administered to international spine tumor surgeons, evaluating reconstructive preferences. The search yielded 381 articles, 12 included in the final analysis. Revision rates for anterior reconstruction were similar for autogenous strut grafts (10%), cages (7.7%), and allograft strut grafts (8.3%). There were two reports of revision from short to long segment constructs and three reports of broken pedicle screws, one requiring revision. Expert survey results revealed that most surgeons preferred cages packed with morcelized allograft and autograft (75%) for anterior reconstruction of single-level vertebrectomies, and strut bone grafting at the cervicothoracic junction (65%) and when more than one vertebrae was resected in the mid-thoracic spine (75%). Surgeons may alter their fusion technique if postoperative radiation is planned. Posterior reconstruction with at least two vertebral levels above and below is recommended. Cages should be used for single-level defects and structural bone graft alone, or in combination with a cage, should be used when spanning a defect greater than two

  4. Hepatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... CPR: A Real Lifesaver Kids Talk About: Coaches Hepatitis KidsHealth > For Kids > Hepatitis Print A A A ... have liver damage because of it. What Is Hepatitis? Hepatitis is an inflammation (say: in-fluh-MAY- ...

  5. Monosegment ALPPS: A new variant of the techniques for rapid hepatic regeneration. Critical review of the initial results of our series.

    PubMed

    Montalvá Orón, Eva María; Maupoey Ibáñez, Javier; Bañuelos Carrillo, Rómulo; Boscà Robledo, Andrea; Orbis Castellanos, Juan Francisco; Moya Herraiz, Ángel; Ballester Vallés, Carmen; Pérez Rojas, Judith; Aparicio Urtasun, Jorge; López-Andújar, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) is a novel surgical technique that provides fast and effective growth of liver remnant volume, allowing surgical resection of hepatic lesions initially considered unresectable. Short and long-term results and the convenience of carrying out this technique are issues that still remain under debate while waiting for the final outcomes of the multicenter registries with larger number of cases. The aim of this paper is to describe, from a critical point of view, the outcomes of the cases performed at our center (n=8). On the other hand, it is possible to leave only one hepatic segment as a liver remnant and we illustrate this new surgical procedure (ALPPS monosegment) performed in one patient.

  6. Reconstruction of the hepatic artery with the middle colic artery is feasible in distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Suzuki, Hideki; Hosouchi, Yasuo; Sasaki, Shigeru; Araki, Kenichiro; Kubo, Norio; Watanabe, Akira; Kuwano, Hiroyuki

    2013-01-01

    Despite the advance of diagnostic modalities, carcinoma in the body and tail of the pancreas are commonly presented at a late stage. With unresectable lesions, long-term survival is extremely rare, and surgery remains the only curative option for pancreatic cancer. An aggressive approach by applying extended distal pancreatectomy with the resection of the celiac axis may increase the resectability and analgesic effect but great care must be taken with the arterial blood supply to the liver and stomach. Sometimes, accidental injury to the pancreatoduodenal artery compromises collateral blood flow and leads to fatal complications. Therefore, knowledge of any alternative restoration of the compromised collateral flow before surgery is essential. The present case report shows a patient with a pancreatic body cancer in whom the splenic, celiac, and common hepatic arteries were involved with the tumor, which extended almost to the root of the gastroduodenal artery. We modified the procedure by reanastomosis between the proper hepatic artery and middle colic artery without vascular graft. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 19. The patient was immediately free of epigastric and back pain. PMID:23894691

  7. Multiple Tumors Located in the Same Section Are Associated with Better Outcomes After Hepatic Resection for HCC Patients Meeting the Milan Criteria.

    PubMed

    Lv, Tao; Jiang, Li; Yan, Lunan; Yang, Jiayin; Li, Bo; Wen, Tianfu; Zeng, Yong; Wang, Wentao; Xu, Mingqing

    2015-12-01

    The impact of the tumor location on the outcome after hepatic resection (HR) in multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of HR patients with multifocal tumors meeting the Milan criteria and tumors located in the same or different sections. A total of 219 consecutive HR patients with multifocal tumors meeting the Milan criteria were divided into group SS (n = 97; same section) and group DS (n = 122; different sections) according to their anatomical location (Couinaud's segmentation). The prognostic predictors were evaluated, and a subgroup analysis was performed. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were significantly higher in group SS than group DS. The subgroup analysis showed that patients with two tumors in the same section and patients undergoing en bloc resection had better OS and RFS. A multivariate analysis revealed that tumors located in different sections and macrovascular invasion were independent predictors of poor prognosis. In HCC patients with multifocal tumors meeting the Milan criteria, tumors located in the same hepatic section may lead to better long-term survival and lower HCC recurrence rates than tumors in different sections after HR.

  8. Spinal cord mapping as an adjunct for resection of intramedullary tumors: surgical technique with case illustrations.

    PubMed

    Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo; Gulati, Mittul; Lyon, Russell; Gupta, Nalin; Yingling, Charles

    2002-11-01

    Resection of intramedullary spinal cord tumors may result in transient or permanent neurological deficits. Intraoperative somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and motor evoked potentials are commonly used to limit complications. We used both antidromically elicited SSEPs for planning the myelotomy site and direct mapping of spinal cord tracts during tumor resection to reduce the risk of neurological deficits and increase the extent of tumor resection. In two patients, 3 and 12 years of age, with tumors of the thoracic and cervical spinal cord, respectively, antidromically elicited SSEPs were evoked by stimulation of the dorsal columns and were recorded with subdermal electrodes placed at the medial malleoli bilaterally. Intramedullary spinal cord mapping was performed by stimulating the resection cavity with a handheld Ojemann stimulator (Radionics, Burlington, MA). In addition to visual observation, subdermal needle electrodes inserted into the abductor pollicis brevis-flexor digiti minimi manus, tibialis anterior-gastrocnemius, and abductor halluces-abductor digiti minimi pedis muscles bilaterally recorded responses that identified motor pathways. The midline of the spinal cord was anatomically identified by visualizing branches of the dorsal medullary vein penetrating the median sulcus. Antidromic responses were obtained by stimulation at 1-mm intervals on either side of the midline, and the region where no response was elicited was selected for the myelotomy. The anatomic and electrical midlines did not precisely overlap. Stimulation of abnormal tissue within the tumor did not elicit electromyographic activity. Approaching the periphery of the tumor, stimulation at 1 mA elicited an electromyographic response before normal spinal cord was visualized. Restimulation at lower currents by use of 0.25-mA increments identified the descending motor tracts adjacent to the tumor. After tumor resection, the tracts were restimulated to confirm functional integrity. Both

  9. Significance of incorporation of model for end-stage liver disease score with TNM staging in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing hepatic resection.

    PubMed

    Ling, Ching-Hsien; Chau, Gar-Yang; Hsia, Chen-Yuan; King, Kuang-Liang

    2013-01-01

    Currently, the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) system is used in hepatectomy patients for tumor staging of HCC patients. However this can only evaluate the histopathological factor. MELD score is an objective measure for liver function widely used as a severity index for priority on the waiting list for liver transplantation. Here we suggest a modified TNM staging system based on the MELD score and test its relation with post-operative outcome of HCC. We retrospectively collected 922 HCC patients undergoing hepatic resection, with TNM stage I (n=239), stage II (n=375) and stage III (n=308); giving points 0 to 2 for each stage (from I to III). Pre-operative MELD score was calculated and assigned 0 points for MELD <6; 1 for 6-8; 2 for >8. The two scores were added together to form a modified MELD-base TNM stage score and tested the correlation of this new scoring system with outcome after liver resection. The modified MELD-base TNM stage score resulted in score 0 (n=114), score 1 (n=247), score 2 (n=335), score 3 (n=164), and score 4 (n=62). The disease-free survival in each group showed significant difference (p<0.05), the lower the score, the better the outcome. The MELD-based TNM staging system reliably separates patients with HCC into homogeneous groups with respect to post-resectional prognosis. Further prospective validation studies are required to confirm the feasibility of this strategy.

  10. Giant leiomyoma of the gastroesophageal junction: technique and results of endoscopic full-thickness resection

    PubMed Central

    Bona, Davide; Aiolfi, Alberto; Siboni, Stefano; Bernardi, Daniele; Bonavina, Luigi

    2011-01-01

    Four consecutive patients with a giant leiomyoma originating from the posterior aspect of the gastroesophageal junction were treated with full-thickness endoscopic retroflex dissection. A complete removal of the lesion was obtained in all cases. No complications were observed except for some degree of air filtration causing symptomatic pneumoperitoneum in one patient. Retroflex endoscopic full-thickness resection of giant leiomyoma at the gastroesophageal junction is feasible and safe. PMID:22235168

  11. Porous polyethylene implant reconstruction of the orbit after resection of spheno-orbital meningiomas: a novel technique.

    PubMed

    Chambless, Lola B; Mawn, Louise A; Forbes, Jonathan A; Thompson, Reid C

    2012-01-01

    Spheno-orbital meningiomas (SOM) are complex tumors involving the middle cranial fossa and orbit. Following resection of these tumors, reconstruction of the orbit can be challenging. Inadequate reconstruction may lead to cosmetic deformities and functional complications. The development of a technique for orbital reconstruction which is technically straightforward, cost-effective, with an excellent functional and cosmetic outcome. Twelve patients with SOM each underwent a modified orbital-zygomatic craniotomy with osteotomies based on individual tumor location. After tumor resection, the lateral orbit and orbital roof, where necessary, were reconstructed using a 1 mm porous polyethylene sheet, customized to reconstruct the bony anatomy of the lateral and superior orbit and secured with 1.5×4 mm titanium screws into the orbital roof and rim. All patients demonstrated stabilization or improvement of vision and satisfactory cosmetic outcomes. One complication (surgical site infection) was noted. Follow-up imaging was obtained at regular intervals. The resection cavity was easily visualized without interference from the implant in each case. One patient developed tumor recurrence requiring re-operation 20 months after the initial procedure. Use of a 1mm porous polyethylene sheet for reconstruction of the lateral orbit offers an excellent functional and cosmetic outcome, does not interfere with postoperative imaging, is technically straightforward, and is cost-effective. Copyright © 2011 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Hanging Maneuver for Stomach Traction in Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatic Resections: An Original Technique Applied in 218 Patients.

    PubMed

    Dokmak, Safi; Aussilhou, Béatrice; Ftériche, Fadhel Samir; Belghiti, Jacques; Sauvanet, Alain

    2017-01-01

    Stomach traction done to expose the pancreas is still a problem in laparoscopic left pancreatic resections. We developed a simple hanging maneuver to retract the stomach rapidly and effectively. After dividing the gastrocolic ligament, the stomach was encircled with a tape, turned along its horizontal axis and pulled with an epigastric trocar, which was later removed. This technique was used in all patients who underwent laparoscopic left pancreatic resections including 165 distal pancreatectomies (DP), 35 central pancreatectomies (CP) and 18 enucleations (En). Demographics, surgical and postoperative outcome data were recorded. There were no mortalities. The mean operative time for DP, CP and En were 174, 191 and 104 min, respectively. The transfusion (0-4%) and conversion (0-3%) rates were low for all procedures. Morbidity was mainly represented by pancreatic fistula and grades (B + C) for DP, CP and En were observed in 26, 22 and 17%, respectively. No complication related to hanging of the stomach, like gastric perforation, was observed. Re-intervention and the mean hospital stay for DP, CP and En were observed in 5, 11 and 0% and were 16, 22 and 12, respectively. The readmission rate was low (0-9%). Hanging maneuver of the stomach is a simple procedure to rapidly, safely and effectively retract the stomach during left laparoscopic pancreatic resections. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  13. A simplified technique of RFA (radiofrequency assisted) hepatectomy.

    PubMed

    Tepetes, Konstantinos; Spyridakis, Michail; Zaharoulis, Dimitris; Athanasiou, Evangelos; Stamatiou, Georgia; Theodoropoulos, Theodore; Hatzitheofilou, Constantine

    2007-06-01

    A new technique of dividing the hepatic parenchyma in liver resections is presented. Seven liver resections in six patients were carried out, using a modification of the Radiofrequency assisted hepatectomy technique. The transection zone of the liver was coagulated prior to the division of the parenchyma using a transformed cluster cool-tip Radionics electrode. The reported technique resulted in adequate hemostasis of the raw hepatic surface and minimal blood loss. The aforementioned method seems to be quick and safe especially for local hepatic resections or segmentectomies.

  14. Isolated sling suspension during resection of the Spiegel lobe of the liver: a safe alternative technique for difficult cases.

    PubMed

    Shindoh, Junichi; Imamura, Hiroshi; Kokudo, Norihiro

    2010-05-01

    The Spiegel lobe is located deep in the dorsal portion of the liver, and isolated resections of this region are technically demanding, especially in bulky and/or invasive lesions or in hypertrophied cirrhotic livers. Anterior approach using the isolated hanging maneuver of the Spiegel lobe was attempted in patients in whom the conventional method of mobilizing the Spiegel lobe prior to liver transection would have been difficult. Clinical outcomes were compared with the conventional approach performed during the same period. Of 42 consecutive isolated resections of the Spiegel lobe, the presently reported technique was required in 12 patients (28.6%). The median diameter of the tumors was 33 mm, and tumor invasion to the retrohepatic inferior vena cava was observed in four patients. Although minor vascular injury was observed in one patient during retrohepatic dissection, the isolated sling suspension of the Spiegel lobe was successfully conducted in all cases. No remarkable inferiority of the present technique compared with the conventional approach was noted either in operation data or clinical outcomes. Anterior approach using the isolated sling-suspension technique may be a safe alternative surgical option for bulky and/or invasive lesions located in the Spiegel lobe of the liver.

  15. Distal pancreatectomy, splenectomy, and celiac axis resection (DPS-CAR): common hepatic arterial stump pressure should determine the need for arterial reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Mittal, Anubhav; de Reuver, Philip R; Shanbhag, Satya; Staerkle, Ralph F; Neale, Michael; Thoo, Catherine; Hugh, Thomas J; Gill, Anthony J; Samra, Jaswinder S

    2015-04-01

    Tumors arising in the neck and body of the pancreas often invade the common hepatic artery and celiac axis (CA), necessitating distal pancreatectomy, splenectomy, and celiac axis resection (DPS-CAR). In these patients, the need for revascularization of the common hepatic artery (CHA) can be avoided on the basis of the pressure change in the CHA after clamping of the CA. All patients presenting to North Shore Hospital Campus of University of Sydney with advanced pancreatic malignancy of the neck and body between 2007 and 2014 were included in the study. The pressure in the CHA was measured pre- and postclamping of the CA; a decrease of more than 25% in the mean arterial pressure necessitated vascular reconstruction of the CHA. Seven patients underwent a DPS-CAR between 2007 and 2014. Arterial reconstruction was required in 2 patients based on a decrease of >25% mean arterial pressure in the CHA after clamping the CA. There was no in hospital or 90-day mortality, and no patients developed ischemic hepatitis. A single-stage DPS-CAR with selective arterial reconstruction based on the CHA pressure change after clamping the CA is a safe approach. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Supracerebellar infratentorial endoscopically controlled resection of pineal lesions: case series and operative technique.

    PubMed

    Uschold, Timothy; Abla, Adib A; Fusco, David; Bristol, Ruth E; Nakaji, Peter

    2011-12-01

    The heterogeneous clinical manifestations and operative characteristics of pathological entities in the pineal region represent a significant challenge in terms of patient selection and surgical approach. Traditional surgical options have included endoscopic transventricular resection; open supratentorial microsurgical approaches through the midline, choroidal fissure, lateral ventricle, and tentorium; and supracerebellar infratentorial (SCIT) approaches through the posterior fossa. The object of the current study was to review the preoperative characteristics and outcomes for a cohort of patients treated purely via the novel endoscopically controlled SCIT approach. A single-institution series of 9 consecutive patients (4 male and 5 female patients [10 total cases]; mean age 21 years, range 6-37 years) treated via the endoscopically controlled SCIT approach for a pathological entity in the pineal region was retrospectively reviewed. The mean follow-up time was 13.2 months. The endoscopically controlled SCIT approach was successfully used to approach a variety of pineal lesions, including pineal cysts (6 patients), epidermoid tumor, WHO Grade II astrocytoma (initial biopsy and recurrence), and malignant mixed germ cell tumor (1 patient each). Gross-total resection and/or adequate cyst fenestration was achieved in 8 cases. Biopsy with conservative debulking was performed for the single case of low-grade astrocytoma and again at the time of recurrence. The mean preoperative tumor and cyst volumes were 9.9 ± 4.4 and 3.7 ± 3.2 cm(3), respectively. The mean operating times were 212 ± 71 minutes for tumor cases and 177 ± 72 minutes for cysts. Estimated blood loss was less than 150 ml for all cases. A single case (pineal cyst) was converted to an open microsurgical approach to enhance visualization. There were no operative complications, as well as no documented CSF leaks, additional CSF diversion procedures, or air emboli. Seven patients underwent concomitant third

  17. Significance of functional hepatic resection rate calculated using 3D CT/99mTc-galactosyl human serum albumin single-photon emission computed tomography fusion imaging

    PubMed Central

    Tsuruga, Yosuke; Kamiyama, Toshiya; Kamachi, Hirofumi; Shimada, Shingo; Wakayama, Kenji; Orimo, Tatsuya; Kakisaka, Tatsuhiko; Yokoo, Hideki; Taketomi, Akinobu

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the usefulness of the functional hepatic resection rate (FHRR) calculated using 3D computed tomography (CT)/99mTc-galactosyl-human serum albumin (GSA) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) fusion imaging for surgical decision making. METHODS: We enrolled 57 patients who underwent bi- or trisectionectomy at our institution between October 2013 and March 2015. Of these, 26 patients presented with hepatocellular carcinoma, 12 with hilar cholangiocarcinoma, six with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, four with liver metastasis, and nine with other diseases. All patients preoperatively underwent three-phase dynamic multidetector CT and 99mTc-GSA scintigraphy. We compared the parenchymal hepatic resection rate (PHRR) with the FHRR, which was defined as the resection volume counts per total liver volume counts on 3D CT/99mTc-GSA SPECT fusion images. RESULTS: In total, 50 patients underwent bisectionectomy and seven underwent trisectionectomy. Biliary reconstruction was performed in 15 patients, including hepatopancreatoduodenectomy in two. FHRR and PHRR were 38.6 ± 19.9 and 44.5 ± 16.0, respectively; FHRR was strongly correlated with PHRR. The regression coefficient for FHRR on PHRR was 1.16 (P < 0.0001). The ratio of FHRR to PHRR for patients with preoperative therapies (transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, radiation, radiofrequency ablation, etc.), large tumors with a volume of > 1000 mL, and/or macroscopic vascular invasion was significantly smaller than that for patients without these factors (0.73 ± 0.19 vs 0.82 ± 0.18, P < 0.05). Postoperative hyperbilirubinemia was observed in six patients. Major morbidities (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ 3) occurred in 17 patients (29.8%). There was no case of surgery-related death. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that FHRR is an important deciding factor for major hepatectomy, because FHRR and PHRR may be discrepant owing to insufficient hepatic inflow and congestion in patients with preoperative

  18. Significance of functional hepatic resection rate calculated using 3D CT/(99m)Tc-galactosyl human serum albumin single-photon emission computed tomography fusion imaging.

    PubMed

    Tsuruga, Yosuke; Kamiyama, Toshiya; Kamachi, Hirofumi; Shimada, Shingo; Wakayama, Kenji; Orimo, Tatsuya; Kakisaka, Tatsuhiko; Yokoo, Hideki; Taketomi, Akinobu

    2016-05-07

    To evaluate the usefulness of the functional hepatic resection rate (FHRR) calculated using 3D computed tomography (CT)/(99m)Tc-galactosyl-human serum albumin (GSA) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) fusion imaging for surgical decision making. We enrolled 57 patients who underwent bi- or trisectionectomy at our institution between October 2013 and March 2015. Of these, 26 patients presented with hepatocellular carcinoma, 12 with hilar cholangiocarcinoma, six with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, four with liver metastasis, and nine with other diseases. All patients preoperatively underwent three-phase dynamic multidetector CT and (99m)Tc-GSA scintigraphy. We compared the parenchymal hepatic resection rate (PHRR) with the FHRR, which was defined as the resection volume counts per total liver volume counts on 3D CT/(99m)Tc-GSA SPECT fusion images. In total, 50 patients underwent bisectionectomy and seven underwent trisectionectomy. Biliary reconstruction was performed in 15 patients, including hepatopancreatoduodenectomy in two. FHRR and PHRR were 38.6 ± 19.9 and 44.5 ± 16.0, respectively; FHRR was strongly correlated with PHRR. The regression coefficient for FHRR on PHRR was 1.16 (P < 0.0001). The ratio of FHRR to PHRR for patients with preoperative therapies (transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, radiation, radiofrequency ablation, etc.), large tumors with a volume of > 1000 mL, and/or macroscopic vascular invasion was significantly smaller than that for patients without these factors (0.73 ± 0.19 vs 0.82 ± 0.18, P < 0.05). Postoperative hyperbilirubinemia was observed in six patients. Major morbidities (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ 3) occurred in 17 patients (29.8%). There was no case of surgery-related death. Our results suggest that FHRR is an important deciding factor for major hepatectomy, because FHRR and PHRR may be discrepant owing to insufficient hepatic inflow and congestion in patients with preoperative therapies, macroscopic vascular

  19. ["In-situ split" (ISS) liver resection: new aspects of technique and indication].

    PubMed

    Lang, S A; Loss, M; Schlitt, H J

    2014-04-01

    The combination of right portal vein ligation with complete parenchyma dissection ("in-situ split", ISS) for rapid hypertrophy induction of the left-lateral liver lobe is a novel strategy to convert primarily irresectable liver tumours into a resectable stage. Available data so far show a 60-80 % growth induction of the remnant liver within 7(- 9) days. Certainly, a novel concept that comprises two operations within a very short time period raises questions. Based on the very few literature reports that have been published so far, as well as our own experience, we here discuss technical issues such as the use of a plastic sheet on the resection margin, the possibility of laparoscopic dissection and the timing of the second operation. Moreover, aspects of the preoperative diagnostic work-up that is necessary are assessed. Finally, open questions, e.g., concerning the influence of preoperative chemotherapy and the use of ISS in patients with cirrhosis are evaluated. In summary, the assessment of chances and risks of this novel concept with regard to indication and technical issues helps to provide the potentially curative option of the "in-situ split" procedure to more patients with marginal or even irresectable liver tumours. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. Hepatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... clotting problems or chronic liver disease. previous continue Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Although hep A is a ... does — through direct contact with infected body fluids. Hepatitis B and C are even more easily passed in ...

  1. Hepatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... A if they've been vaccinated against it. Hepatitis B Hepatitis B is a more serious infection. It may lead ... of which cause severe illness and even death. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is transmitted from person to person ...

  2. Hepatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... a problem with the liver itself What Is Hepatitis A? Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is contagious, usually spreading to others ... objects contaminated by feces (poop) containing HAV. The hepatitis A vaccine has helped to make the infection rare ...

  3. Distal third rectal cancer: intersphincteric anterior resection with manual anastomosis using the techniques of Parks or Turnbull-Cutait.

    PubMed

    Biondo, Sebastiano; Trenti, Loris; Kreisler, Esther

    2014-03-01

    Rectal ultralow, intersphincteric anterior resection (RIE) can be used in selected cases with the intention of improving the quality of life of patients avoiding permanent colostomy. RIE is indicated for tumors that are located from 1-2 cm above the anorectal ring to the top of the internal anal sphincter without involvement of the pelvic floor, puborrectalis muscle or external anal sphincter. RIE aims to get a free distal margin tumour not less than 1cm. Correct preoperative staging and anatomical tumour location and relation with adjacent structures and organs is fundamental. Intestinal transit reconstruction can be performed manually with a coloanal anastomosis according with Parks and with a lateral ileostomy or, alternatively, by a two-stage coloanal anastomosis technique as Turnbull-Cutait avoiding the stoma protection. Postoperative morbidity and mortality and the rate of local recurrence and overall disease-free survival at 5 years after RIE are comparable to those observed in standard ultra low anterior resection. Postoperative functional alterations of the RIE can affect the quality of life of patients regardless of reconstructive technique. Published studies do not provide sufficient data to establish the most efficient reconstruction method in terms of functional outcomes.

  4. Experience with a simple clamp-crush technique devoid of other devices for liver resections in a surgical oncology practice.

    PubMed

    Schwarz, Roderich E

    2015-03-01

    Parenchyma transection techniques during liver resection (LR) are linked to intraoperative blood loss and postoperative morbidity, with a recent increased use of energy devices over traditional clamp-crush hepatotomy (CCH). Prospectively collected data from 191 consecutive patients undergoing LR with exclusive CCH by a single surgeon were examined. There were 94 men and 97 women, with 25% primary and 59% secondary malignancies or other conditions (16%). Forty-nine percent of LRs were major, 65% anatomic, and 32% included extrahepatic components. Median Pringle time was 23 minutes (9 to 76), blood loss 300 mL (20 to 5,000), and red blood cell transfusion rate 14%. Morbidity rate was 27% with 6 deaths. Significant relationships were observed for blood loss with complex resections, transfusions, major morbidity, and length of stay, but not between Pringle time and any outcomes. A CCH technique as employed in this LR experience without any use of additional devices can yield good postoperative results. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Two Cases of Rectal Neuroendocrine Tumor Resection Combined with Dissection of the Circular Muscle Layer Using the Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection Technique

    PubMed Central

    Honjo, Kumpei; Kure, Kazumasa; Ichikawa, Ryosuke; Ro, Hisashi; Takahashi, Rina; Niwa, Koichiro; Ishiyama, Shun; Sugimoto, Kiichi; Kamiyama, Hirohiko; Takahashi, Makoto; Kojima, Yutaka; Goto, Michitoshi; Tomiki, Yuichi; Sakamoto, Kazuhiro; Fukumura, Yuki; Yao, Takashi

    2016-01-01

    Generally, lesions of rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) 10 mm or smaller are less malignant and are indicated for endoscopic therapy. However, the vertical margin may remain positive after conventional endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) because NETs develop in a way similar to submucosal tumors (SMTs). The usefulness of EMR with a ligation device, which is modified EMR, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was reported, but no standard treatment has been established. We encountered 2 patients in whom rectal NETs were completely resected by combined dissection and resection of the circular muscle layer using the ESD technique. Case 1 was an 8-mm NET of the lower rectum. Case 2 was NET of the lower rectum treated with additional resection for a positive vertical margin after EMR. In both cases, the circular muscle layer was dissected applying the conventional ESD technique, followed by en bloc resection while conserving the longitudinal muscle layer. No problems occurred in the postoperative course in either case. Rectal NETs are observed in the lower rectum in many cases, and it is less likely that intestinal perforation by endoscopic therapy causes peritonitis. The method employed in these cases, namely combined dissection and resection of the circular muscle layer using the ESD technique, can be performed relatively safely, and it is possible to ensure negativity of the vertical margin. In addition, it may also be useful for additional treatment of cases with a positive vertical margin after EMR. PMID:27990103

  6. Simultaneous anterior vertebral column resection-distraction and posterior rod contouring for restoration of sagittal balance: report of a technique

    PubMed Central

    Bhagat, Shaishav; Rai, Am S.

    2016-01-01

    With an increasingly aging population, adult spinal deformity is becoming more common. This can be associated with increased morbidity. Results from multicentre studies of deformity surgery correction confirm complication rates as high as 40 percent. Most often a bad result is associated with inadequate restoration of the sagittal balance. Posterior vertebral body resection has been described as a method to correct significant deformity, but this is a complicated procedure. It is possible to do this in the thoracic spine where nerve roots can be sacrificed, but it is difficult in the lumbar spine due to the significant role of the lumbar nerve roots. We describe a safer technique for correction of deformity using a three stage process. This appears to be a good technique for revision surgery. PMID:27757434

  7. [An alternative dorsal fusion technique after transoral dens resection in basilar impression with atlas assimilation].

    PubMed

    Kaden, B; Schramm, J; Koch, W; Solymosi, L

    1998-01-01

    Current therapy of basilar impression includes transoral dens resection. The essential disadvantage of this procedure is the instability of C1/C2 due to loss of the transverse ligament. We describe two patients in whom this instability was treated by modified screwing. Using MAGERL-screws between C0-C2 an interposition of an iliac graft between the occiput and the arc of C2 was made. Neurological symptoms improved in both patients postoperatively. In both cases stable fusion C0/C2 was achieved with an additional treatment with a HALO-fixateur for eight weeks. In our opinion the combined transoral/dorsal procedure is most suitable and efficient in treatment of basilar impressions. By this approach both, decompression of the myelon as well as stable fusion C0/C2, is achieved.

  8. New technique for feline carbon dioxide laser onychectomy by resection of the redundant epidermis of the ungual crest

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Young, William P.

    2000-05-01

    A new technique for feline carbon dioxide laser onychectomy can further minimize postoperative pain and complications in any age animal. This procedure is accomplished by resection of the redundant epidermis over the ungual crest. Resection of the redundant epidermis allows complete dissection and removal of the claw from a strictly cranio-dorsal approach, thereby minimizing trauma to the surrounding tissues and post- operative complications. The laser setting is preferred at four to six watts continuous power. The epidermis of the ungual crest is resected in a circumferential manner at its most distal edge. This tissue is pushed proximally over the ungual crest. A second circumferential incision is made 3 mm proximal to the first incision. Deeper subcutaneous fascia is also pushed proximally over the ungual crest. An incision of the extensor tendon is made at its insertion on the ungual crest keeping the redundant epidermis proximal to this incision. The incision through the extensor tendon is continued deeper to the synovium of PII and PIII. Gentle traction in a palmar direction will disarticulate the joint space between PII and PIII. Incisions into the lateral and medial collateral ligaments from a cranio-dorsal origin in palmar direction further disarticulate the joint. Care must be exercised to preserve all epidermal tissue lying immediately adjacent to the collateral ligaments. Continual palmar traction will expose the base of PIII and the insertion of the flexor tendon. A dorsal incision is made into the flexor tendon in a palmar direction. Extreme palmar rotation of PIII will allow the dissection of the subcutaneous tissue of the pad from PIII. The redundant epidermal tissue will now cover the majority of the onychectomy site. No sutures or tissue adhesive are advised.

  9. A randomized clinical trial comparing the effect of different haemostatic agents for haemostasis of the liver after hepatic resection.

    PubMed

    Kakaei, Farzad; Seyyed Sadeghi, Mir Salim; Sanei, Behnam; Hashemzadeh, Shahryar; Habibzadeh, Afshin

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Operative blood loss is still a great obstacle to liver resection, and various topical hemostatic agents were introduced to reduce it. The aim of the current study is to evaluate effects of 3 different types of these agents. Methods. In this randomized clinical trial, 45 patients undergoing liver resection were assigned to receive TachoSil, Surgicel, and Glubran 2 for controlling bleeding. Intraoperative and postoperative findings were compared between groups. Results. Postoperative bleeding (0 versus 33.3%, P = 0.04) and drainage volume first day after surgery (281.33 ± 103.98 versus 150.00 ± 60.82 mL, P = 0.02) were significantly higher in Surgicel than in TachoSil group. Postoperative complications included bile leak (3 cases in Surgicel, 1 case in TachoSil and Glubran 2), noninfectious collection (2 cases in TachoSil and Surgicel and 1 case in Glubran 2), perihepatic abscess, and massive hematoma around hepatectomy site both in Surgicel group. There was no death during the study period. Conclusion. Due to higher complications in Surgicel group, its application as hemostatic agent after liver resection is not recommended. Better results in TachoSil in comparison to the other two are indicative of its better efficacy and superiority in controlling hemostasis.

  10. A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Effect of Different Haemostatic Agents for Haemostasis of the Liver after Hepatic Resection

    PubMed Central

    Seyyed Sadeghi, Mir Salim; Sanei, Behnam; Hashemzadeh, Shahryar

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Operative blood loss is still a great obstacle to liver resection, and various topical hemostatic agents were introduced to reduce it. The aim of the current study is to evaluate effects of 3 different types of these agents. Methods. In this randomized clinical trial, 45 patients undergoing liver resection were assigned to receive TachoSil, Surgicel, and Glubran 2 for controlling bleeding. Intraoperative and postoperative findings were compared between groups. Results. Postoperative bleeding (0 versus 33.3%, P = 0.04) and drainage volume first day after surgery (281.33 ± 103.98 versus 150.00 ± 60.82 mL, P = 0.02) were significantly higher in Surgicel than in TachoSil group. Postoperative complications included bile leak (3 cases in Surgicel, 1 case in TachoSil and Glubran 2), noninfectious collection (2 cases in TachoSil and Surgicel and 1 case in Glubran 2), perihepatic abscess, and massive hematoma around hepatectomy site both in Surgicel group. There was no death during the study period. Conclusion. Due to higher complications in Surgicel group, its application as hemostatic agent after liver resection is not recommended. Better results in TachoSil in comparison to the other two are indicative of its better efficacy and superiority in controlling hemostasis. PMID:24159254

  11. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative risk factors for anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic low anterior resection with double stapling technique anastomosis

    PubMed Central

    Kawada, Kenji; Sakai, Yoshiharu

    2016-01-01

    Anastomotic leakage (AL) is one of the most devastating complications after rectal cancer surgery. The double stapling technique has greatly facilitated intestinal reconstruction especially for anastomosis after low anterior resection (LAR). Risk factor analyses for AL after open LAR have been widely reported. However, a few studies have analyzed the risk factors for AL after laparoscopic LAR. Laparoscopic rectal surgery provides an excellent operative field in a narrow pelvic space, and enables total mesorectal excision surgery and preservation of the autonomic nervous system with greater precision. However, rectal transection using a laparoscopic linear stapler is relatively difficult compared with open surgery because of the width and limited performance of the linear stapler. Moreover, laparoscopic LAR exhibits a different postoperative course compared with open LAR, which suggests that the risk factors for AL after laparoscopic LAR may also differ from those after open LAR. In this review, we will discuss the risk factors for AL after laparoscopic LAR. PMID:27433085

  12. Liver abscess caused by toothpick and treated by laparoscopic left hepatic resection: case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Abu-Wasel, Bassam; Eltawil, Karim M; Keough, Valerie; Molinari, Michele

    2012-01-01

    Hepatic abscesses caused by ingested foreign bodies have been reported in the medical literature but represent very uncommon events. Extra-luminal migration of sawing needles and pins is the most common cause of perforation of the gastrointestinal tract associated with liver infections. Other non-metallic sharp objects such as animal bones and toothpicks have been described but are less frequent. The authors present a case of a 45-year-old woman who suffered from sepsis and a liver abscess because of the migration of a toothpick that lodged in the left hepatic lobe. Review of the literature on the pathogenesis and clinical management of liver abscesses caused by ingested foreign is presented. PMID:22969156

  13. Liver abscess caused by toothpick and treated by laparoscopic left hepatic resection: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Abu-Wasel, Bassam; Eltawil, Karim M; Keough, Valerie; Molinari, Michele

    2012-08-08

    Hepatic abscesses caused by ingested foreign bodies have been reported in the medical literature but represent very uncommon events. Extra-luminal migration of sawing needles and pins is the most common cause of perforation of the gastrointestinal tract associated with liver infections. Other non-metallic sharp objects such as animal bones and toothpicks have been described but are less frequent. The authors present a case of a 45-year-old woman who suffered from sepsis and a liver abscess because of the migration of a toothpick that lodged in the left hepatic lobe. Review of the literature on the pathogenesis and clinical management of liver abscesses caused by ingested foreign is presented.

  14. Refinement of the free radial forearm flap reconstructive technique after resection of large oropharyngeal malignancies with excellent functional results.

    PubMed

    Moerman, Mieke; Vermeersch, Hubert; Van Lierde, Kristiane; Fahimi, Hossein; Van Cauwenberge, Paul

    2003-09-01

    Wide resection of oropharyngeal malignancies implicates the risk of velopharyngeal insufficiency, which can cause nasal regurgitation and hypernasality. A meticulous reconstruction is necessary to avoid impairment and handicap in deglutition and speech. In the classic reconstructive techniques for large oropharyngeal defects, functional outcome only regards deglutition. We also focus on nasality, because hypernasality often occurs as a consequence in this type of reconstruction. In four patients, the surgical defect is closed with a free radial forearm flap sutured to the posterior side of the hard palate, thus imitating a caudally based pharyngeal flap. Speech is assessed by an independent speech pathologist, perceptually and acoustically. Deglutition is evaluated by a questionnaire and videofluoroscopy. All patients had normal food intake. They did not report alterations in speech quality or verbal communication. Perceptual evaluation of articulation, voice, and nasality was optimal. Objective measurements with acoustical analysis and nasality scores confirmed the excellent functional outcome. Videofluoroscopy showed an unimpaired bolus transport with a complete velopharyngeal closure and optimal oral and pharyngeal clearance times. This meticulous reconstructive technique ensures an excellent functional outcome. The absence of nasality, in particular, proves the value of this refinement. The technique allows wide surgical margins and complete velopharyngeal closure. Copyright 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 25: 772-777, 2003

  15. Technique advance to avoid hepatic venous outflow obstruction in pediatric living-donor liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Tannuri, Uenis; Tannuri, Ana Cristina A; Santos, Maria M; Miyatani, Helena T

    2015-05-01

    HVOO represents a serious critical complication of pediatric living-donor liver transplantation because open surgical repair is virtually impossible. Currently, despite several technical innovations and the introduction of triangulated anastomosis for hepatic vein reconstruction, the reported incidence of HVOO is still considerable. The aim of this study was to propose a new technique for hepatic venous reconstruction that avoids the original orifice of the recipient hepatic veins. Instead, anastomosis is performed in a newly created wide longitudinal orifice in the anterior wall of the recipient inferior vena cava. A total of 210 living related-donor liver transplantations were performed using two methods for reconstruction of the hepatic vein. Group 1 included 69 patients subjected to direct anastomosis of the orifice of the graft hepatic vein and a wide orifice created in the recipient inferior vena cava by the confluence of the orifices of the right, left, and middle hepatic veins. Group 2 included 141 patients in whom the original orifices of the recipient hepatic veins were closed, the inferior vena cava was widely opened, and a long longitudinal anastomosis was performed using two lines of continuous sutures. Diagnosis of HVOO was suspected based on clinical findings and ultrasound studies and then confirmed by liver biopsy and interventional radiology examinations. Among the 69 recipients in group 1, 16 patients died due to graft problems during the postoperative period and eight of the survivors (15.1%) presented with HVOO. In group 2 (141 patients), 21 patients died, and there were no cases of HVOO. A comparison of the incidence of HVOO between groups revealed a significant difference (p = 0.01). Hepatic venous reconstruction during pediatric living-donor liver transplantation should be performed using a wide longitudinal incision in the anterior wall of the recipient inferior vena cava because this technique eliminated anastomosis complications.

  16. Intraoperative fluorescence-guided resection of high-grade gliomas: a comparison of the present techniques and evolution of future strategies.

    PubMed

    Li, Yiping; Rey-Dios, Roberto; Roberts, David W; Valdés, Pablo A; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2014-01-01

    Fluorescence guidance has a demonstrated potential in maximizing the extent of high-grade glioma resection. Different fluorophores (fluorescent biomarkers), including 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and fluorescein, have been examined with the use of several imaging techniques. Our goal was to review the state of this technology and discuss strategies for more widespread adoption. We performed a Medline search using the key words "fluorescence," "intraoperative fluorescence-guided resection," "intraoperative image-guided resection," and "brain glioma" for articles from 1960 until the present. This initial search revealed 267 articles. Each abstract and article was reviewed and the reference lists from select articles were further evaluated for relevance. A total of 64 articles included information about the role of fluorescence in resection of high-grade gliomas and therefore were selectively included for our analysis. 5-ALA and fluorescein sodium have shown promise as fluorescent markers in detecting residual tumor intraoperatively. These techniques have demonstrated a significant increase in the extent of tumor resection. Regulatory barriers have limited the use of 5-ALA and technological challenges have restricted the use of fluorescein and its derivatives in the United States. Limitations to this technology currently exist, such as the fact that fluorescence at tumor margins is not always reliable for identification of tumor-brain interface. These techniques are safe and effective for increasing gross total resection. The development of more tumor-specific fluorophores is needed to resolve problems with subjective interpretation of fluorescent signal at tumor margins. Techniques such as quantum dots and polymer or iron oxide-based nanoparticles have shown promise as potential future tools. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Review: Research Toward Safer Resection of the Cirrhotic Liver

    PubMed Central

    Moser, M. A. J.; Kneteman, N. M.

    2000-01-01

    Despite recent advances in hepatic surgery, resection of the cirrhotic liver continues to be fraught with high morbidity and mortality rates. As a result, for many patients requiring resection of HCC the postoperative course is complicated and the probability of cure is diminished by coexisting cirrhosis. In this review, we discuss the characteristics of the cirrhotic liver which make it poorly tolerant of resection and the most common complications that follow such surgery. The main purpose of this paper is to review recent attempts to identify interventions that might be beneficial to cirrhotic patients undergoing resection. These interventions include assessment of liver reserve, advances in surgical technique, and improvement in liver function and regeneration. PMID:10674743

  18. The preoperative alkaline phosphatase-to-platelet ratio index is an independent prognostic factor for hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatic resection

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Ya-Qun; Li, Jun; Liao, Yan; Chen, Qian; Liao, Wei-Jia; Huang, Jian

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A simple, inexpensive, and readily available prognostic index is highly needed to accurately predict the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to develop a simple prognostic index using routine laboratory tests, alkaline phosphatase-to-platelet count ratio index (APPRI), to predict the likelihood of postoperative survival in HCC patients. A total of 246 patients with HCC undergoing curative resection were retrospectively analyzed. Cutoff point for APPRI was calculated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, and then the patients were divided into the low-APPRI group (APPRI ≤ 4.0) and the high-APPRI group (APPRI > 4.0). The influences of APPRI on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were tested by the Kaplan–Meier method, and multivariate analysis using Cox regression. Elevated APPRI was associated with age, cirrhosis, and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in HCC. Univariate analysis showed that APPRI > 4.0, tumor size >6 cm, multiple tumors, Barcelona-clinic liver cancer stages B to C, and AST > 40 U/L were significant predictors of worse DFS and OS. A multivariate analysis suggested that APPRI > 4.0 was an independent factor for DFS (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.689; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.139–2.505; P = 0.009) and OS (HR = 1.664; 95% CI, 1.123–2.466; P = 0.011). Preoperative APPRI > 4.0 was a powerful prognostic predictor of adverse DFS and OS in HCC after surgery. The APPRI may be a promising prognostic marker for HCC after surgical resection. PMID:28002346

  19. Prognostic significance of preoperative aspartate aminotransferase to neutrophil ratio index in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatic resection

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Zhiyong; Pang, Hui; Chen, Dubo; Wang, Xiaoping; Ju, Weiqiang; Wang, Dongping; He, Xiaoshun; Hua, Yunpeng; Peng, Baogang

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Various inflammation-based prognostic scores have been associated with poor survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and neutrophils display important roles. However, few studies have illuminated the relationship between preoperative aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to neutrophil ratio index (ANRI) and poor prognosis of HCC. We aimed to clarify the prognostic value of ANRI and evaluate the ability of different inflammation-based prognostic scores such as ANRI, AST to lymphocyte ratio index (ALRI), AST to platelet count ratio index (APRI), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio index (NLR), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio index (PLR). Methods Data were collected retrospectively from 303 patients who underwent curative resection for HCC. Preoperative ANRI, ALRI, APRI, NLR, PLR and clinico-pathological variables were analyzed. Univariate, multivariate and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to identify the predictive value of the above factors for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Results ANRI was correlated with presence of HBsAg, AST, presence of cirrhosis, tumor size, PVTT, cancer of the liver Italian program (CLIP) score, recurrence. Univariate analysis showed ANRI, ALRI, APRI, NLR, PLR were significantly associated with DFS and OS in HCC patients with curative resection. After multivariate analysis, ANRI was demonstrated to be superior to ALRI, APRI, NLR, PLR, which were independently correlated with DFS and OS. Survival analysis showed that preoperative ANRI > 7.8 predicted poor prognosis of patients with HCC after hepatectomy. preoperative ANRI also showed different prognostic value in various subgroups of HCC. Furthermore, the predictive range was expanded by the combination of ANRI and NLR. Conclusions preoperative ANRI is an independent effective predictor of prognosis for patients with HCC, higher levels of ANRI predict poorer outcomes and the combining ANRI and NLR increases the prognostic accuracy of testing. PMID

  20. Adefovir dipivoxil is less expensive than lamivudine and associated with similar prognosis in patients with hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma after radical resection

    PubMed Central

    Zhong, Jian-Hong; Ke, Yang; Zhu, Shao-Liang; Wang, Lin; Luo, Cheng-Piao; Gong, Wen-Feng; You, Xue-Mei; Ma, Liang; Xiang, Bang-De; Li, Le-Qun

    2016-01-01

    Aim Lamivudine (LAM) and adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) are widely used in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but few studies have directly compared their therapeutic efficacy and treatment cost. This study aims to compare LAM with ADV head-to-head in these patients. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 201 patients with HBV-related HCC who underwent radical resection and subsequently received LAM (n=155) or ADV (n=46). The two groups were compared in terms of HBV-DNA levels, liver function, antiviral resistance, recurrence-free, and overall survival, as well as antiviral medication costs. Results Despite significant improvement in HBV-DNA and alanine aminotransferase level in the LAM group after 1 year of antiviral therapy, these parameters did not differ significantly between the two groups over the following 2 years. Incidence of antiviral resistance after 1, 2, and 3 years of antiviral treatment was significantly higher in the LAM group (19.5%, 45.7%, and 56.4%) than in the ADV group (0%, 3.3%, and 14.5%; P<0.001). Overall survival at 1, 2, and 3 years after resection was similar for the LAM group (84.5%, 69.3%, and 64.6%) and the ADV group (84.1%, 77.8%, and 63.4%; P=0.905). Recurrence-free survival at the three follow-up points was also similar for the LAM group (71.7%, 58.3%, and 43.9%) and the ADV group (81.1%, 66.1%, and 53.0%; P=0.452). Cox regression analysis confirmed that both nucleos(t)ide analogues were associated with similar overall and recurrence-free survival. However, the average medication costs after 1, 2, and 3 years of antiviral treatment were significantly higher in the LAM group (€3.0, €4.8, and €5.6 per person per day) than in the ADV group (€2.2, €2.4, and €3.1 per person per day; all P<0.05). Conclusion ADV and LAM are associated with similar survival benefit in patients with HBV-related HCC after radical resection, but ADV is more cost-effective. PMID:27877054

  1. An alternative technique for harvesting marginal liver grafts with a replaced or accessory right hepatic artery.

    PubMed

    Addeo, Pietro; Souche, Regis; Bachellier, Philippe

    2015-07-01

    The presence of a replaced or accessory right hepatic artery (R/A RHA) originating from the superior mesenteric artery represents one of the most common anatomical vascular variants of the hepatic artery and comprises the most frequently injured vessels during liver harvesting. Vascular arterial injuries following liver procurement are associated with decreased patient and graft survival and higher retransplantation rates. We describe an alternative technique for harvesting marginal liver grafts with replaced or accessory right hepatic arteries in the absence of pancreatic procurement. The entire procedure is divided and schematically described in six steps for didactical purposes. This technique has been used in 72 liver harvests over a three-year period with no R/A RHA injury. The technical advantages and limitations of this alternative method are discussed.

  2. Preliminary assessment of utility of radiofrequency ablation technique in treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with hepatic cirrhosis.

    PubMed

    Witczak-Malinowska, Krystyna; Zadrozny, Dariusz; Studniarek, Michał; Szurowska, Edyta; Michalska, Zofia; Stalke, Piotr; Sikorska, Katarzyna; Lakomy, Elzbieta A

    2003-08-01

    Primary hepatocellular carcinoma very often develops in the cirrhotic liver. Surgical treatment of cirrhotic patients is associated with considerable risk. Even partial resection of the liver carries the risk of liver failure in such patients. Therefore, the thermoablation technique used in patients with liver tumors and cirrhosis, arouses considerable interest. The aim of the study was preliminary assessment of the value of radiofrequency (RFA) ablation in the treatment of HCC in patients with hepatic cirrhosis. From April 2001 to April 2002, 14 patients aged 30-79 with cirrhosis and focal lesions of primary liver tumor type (carcinoma hepatocellulare) were treated with transcutaneous thermoablation. Transcutaneous thermoablation with Cool Tip Equipment probe (Radionics) was performed under local anesthesia induced after intravenous sedation, or under general anesthesia with propofol (TIVA). In case of single lesions up to 3 cm in diameter, the exposure to thermal waves lasted 12 min, in case of larger lesions 2 to 4 sessions were used. The effects of RFA were assessed intraoperatively by means of USG, measuring the coagulation area, and then MRI was performed to confirm complete destruction of the lesions. The response to treatment was assessed by CT after 8 weeks. Among 8 patients with single focal lesions complete remission (CR) was obtained in 4, and partial remission (PR) in the remaining 4 cases. One subject with CR died 5 months later because of hemorrhage from esophageal varices. Among 6 patients with more than one HCC focus subjected to RFA, CR was obtained in 1, PR in 3, and one female patient who underwent the procedure in the period of non-compensated liver function, died 1.5 months later because of hepatic failure. Repeated thermoablation is considered in patients with PR. 1. Radiofrequency ablation is a safe method of treatment of HCC in patients with cirrhosis. 2. One of the advantages of RFA is that it can be performed repeatedly. 3. RFA can be

  3. Long-term results following an anatomically based surgical technique for resection of colon cancer: a comparison with results from complete mesocolic excision.

    PubMed

    Bokey, L; Chapuis, P H; Chan, C; Stewart, P; Rickard, M J F X; Keshava, A; Dent, O F

    2016-07-01

    Complete mesocolic excision (CME) has been advocated as likely to improve the long-term oncological outcome of colon cancer resection, although there is a paucity of long-term results in the literature. The aim of this study was to supplement our previously published results on colon cancer resection based on a standardized technique of precise dissection along anatomical planes with high vascular ligation and to compare our long-term results with those of recent European studies of CME. Data were drawn from a prospective hospital registry of consecutive resections for colon cancer between 1996 and 2007, including follow-up to the end of 2012. The principal outcomes from potentially curative resections were 5-year Kaplan-Meier rates of local recurrence, systemic recurrence, overall survival and cancer-specific survival. Secondary outcomes for all resections were postoperative complications, number of lymph nodes retrieved and R0 status. For 779 potentially curative resections the local recurrence rate was 2.1% (95% CI 1.3-3.4), the systemic recurrence rate was 10.2% (95% CI 8.1-12.7), the 5-year overall survival rate was 76.2% (95% CI 73.0-79.0) and the cancer-specific survival rate was 89.8% (95% CI 87.3-91.9). For all 905 resections, rates of 14 surgical complications were low and not dissimilar to those in a comparable study. The median lymph node count was 15 (range 0-113). R0 status was confirmed in 883/905 patients (97.6%; 95% CI 96.4-98.5). For colon cancer, meticulous dissection along anatomical planes together with high vascular ligation results in few complications, a high R0 rate, low recurrence and high survival. Colorectal Disease © 2015 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  4. Hepatitis C virus transmission in hemodialysis units: importance of infection control practices and aseptic technique.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Nicola D; Novak, Ryan T; Datta, Deblina; Cotter, Susanne; Arduino, Matthew J; Patel, Priti R; Williams, Ian T; Bialek, Stephanie R

    2009-09-01

    We investigated 4 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection outbreaks at hemodialysis units to identify practices associated with transmission. Apparent failures to follow recommended infection control precautions resulted in patient-to-patient HCV transmission, through cross-contamination of the environment or intravenous medication vials. Fastidious attention to aseptic technique and infection control precautions are essential to prevent HCV transmission.

  5. Prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients with bile duct tumor thrombus after hepatic resection or liver transplantation in Asian populations: A meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chenglin; Yang, Yu; Sun, Donglin; Jiang, Yong

    2017-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with bile duct tumor thrombus (BDTT) in the clinic is rare, and surgical treatment is currently considered the most effective treatment. However, the influence of BDTT on the prognosis of HCC patients who underwent surgery remains controversial in previous studies. Therefore, this paper uses meta-analysis method to elucidate this controversy. In this study, we conducted a literature search on databases PubMed, Embase and Web of Science from inception until September 2016. Each study was evaluated with Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). The pooled effect was calculated, and the association between BDTT and overall survival (OS) or disease-free survival (DFS) was reevaluated using meta-analysis for hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). A total of 11 studies was included containing 5295 patients. The (HR) for OS and DFS was 3.21 and 1.81, 95%CI was 2.34-4.39 and 1.17-2.78 respectively. The results showed that HCC patients with BDTT had a worse prognosis than those without BDTT after hepatic resection or liver transplantation (LT).

  6. Use of a saline-coupled bipolar sealer open liver resection for hepatic malignancy: Medical resource use and costs

    PubMed Central

    Nichols, Christine I; Vose, Joshua G

    2016-01-01

    AIM To evaluate outcomes associated with use of a saline coupled bipolar sealer during open partial liver resection. METHODS This retrospective analysis utilized the United States Premier™ insurance claims database (2010-2014). Patients were selected with codes for liver malignancy and partial hepatectomy or lobectomy. Cases were defined by use the saline-coupled bipolar sealer; controls had no use. A Propensity Score algorithm was used to match one case to five controls. A deviation-based cost modeling (DBCM) approach provided an estimate of cost-effectiveness. RESULTS One hundred and forty-four cases and 720 controls were available for analysis. Patients in the case cohort received fewer transfusions vs controls (18.1% vs 29.4%, P = 0.007). In DBCM, more patients in the case cohort experienced “on-course” hospitalizations (53.5% vs 41.9%, P = 0.009). The cost calculation showed an average savings in total hospitalization costs of $1027 for cases vs controls. In multivariate analysis, cases had lower odds of receiving a transfusion (OR = 0.44, 95%CI: 0.27-0.71, P = 0.0008). CONCLUSION Use of a saline-coupled bipolar sealer was associated with a greater proportion of patients with an “on course” hospitalization. PMID:28028367

  7. Extracranial ligation of ethmoidal arteries before resection of giant olfactory groove or planum sphenoidale meningiomas: 3 illustrative cases with a review of the literature on surgical techniques.

    PubMed

    Manjila, Sunil; Cox, Efrem M; Smith, Gabriel A; Corriveau, Mark; Chhabra, Nipun; Johnson, Freedom; Geertman, Robert T

    2013-12-01

    There are several surgical techniques for reducing blood loss-open surgical and endoscopic-prior to resection of giant anterior skull base meningiomas, especially when preoperative embolization is risky or not technically feasible. The authors present examples of an institutional experience using surgical ligation of the anterior and posterior ethmoidal arteries producing persistent tumor blush in partially embolized tumors. The authors identified 12 patients who underwent extracranial surgical ligation of ethmoidal arteries through either a transcaruncular or a Lynch approach. Of these, 3 patients had giant olfactory groove or planum sphenoidale meningiomas. After approval from the institution privacy officer, the authors studied the medical records and imaging data of these 3 patients, with special attention to surgical technique and outcome. The variations of ethmoidal artery foramina pertaining to this surgical approach were studied using preserved human skulls from the Hamann-Todd Osteological Collection at the Museum of Natural History, Cleveland, Ohio. The extracranial ligation was performed successfully for control of the ethmoidal arteries prior to resection of hypervascular giant anterior skull base meningiomas. The surgical anatomy and landmarks for ethmoidal arteries were reviewed in anthropology specimens and available literature with reference to described surgical techniques. Extracranial surgical ligation of anterior, and often posterior, ethmoidal arteries prior to resection of large olfactory groove or planum sphenoidale meningiomas provides a safe and feasible option for control of these vessels prior to either open or endoscopic resection of nonembolized or partially embolized tumors.

  8. Preventing Parastomal Hernia Using a Modified Sugarbaker Technique With Composite Mesh During Laparoscopic Abdominoperineal Resection: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    López-Cano, Manuel; Serra-Aracils, Xavier; Mora, Laura; Sánchez-García, José Luis; Jiménez-Gómez, Luis Miguel; Martí, Marc; Vallribera, Francesc; Fraccalvieri, Domenico; Serracant, Anna; Kreisler, Esther; Biondo, Sebastiano; Espín, Eloy; Navarro-Soto, Salvador; Armengol-Carrasco, Manuel

    2016-12-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the reduction in the incidence of parastomal hernia (PH) after placement of prophylactic synthetic mesh using a modified Sugarbaker technique when a permanent end-colostomy is needed. Prevention of PH formation is crucial given the high prevalence of PH and difficulties in the surgical repair of PH. A randomized, prospective, double-blind, and controlled trial. Rectal cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection with permanent colostomy were randomized (1 : 1) to the mesh and nonmesh arms. In the mesh group, a large-pore lightweight composite mesh was placed in the intraperitoneal/onlay fashion using a modified Sugarbaker technique. PH was detected by computed tomography (CT) after a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Analysis was per-protocol. The mesh group included 24 patients and the control group 28. Preoperative data, surgical time, and postoperative morbidity were similar. The median follow-up was 26 months. After CT examination, 6 of 24 PHs (25%) were observed in the mesh group compared with 18 of 28 (64.3%) in the nonmesh group (odds ratio 0.39, 95% confidence interval 0.18-0.82; P = 0.005). The Kaplan-Meier curves showed significant differences in favor of the mesh group (long-rank = 4.21, P = 0.04). The number needed to treat was 2.5, which confirmed the effectiveness of the intervention. Placement of a prosthetic mesh by the laparoscopic approach following the modified Sugarbaker technique is safe and effective in the prevention of PH, reducing significantly the incidence of PH.

  9. Pain management in video assisted thoracic surgery: evaluation of localised partial rib resection. A new technique.

    PubMed

    Richardson, J; Sabanathan, S

    1995-10-01

    We undertook a re-evaluation of acute and chronic pain generation following Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) with regard to chest wall trauma produced by the instruments and their ports. From intercostal space (ICS) measurements made on 40 patients, it was confirmed that both the camera and the staple gun port diameters are too large for insertion without trauma. An instrument was produced (the "Sari" Punch, Bolton Surgical Services, Sheffield, England) which cleanly excises an elipse of the superior aspect of a rib, prior to the introduction of the ports. At the same time, the recommended orbit of the instruments about the surgical focus was abandoned in favour of an alignment along one ICS so that only one nerve was potentially traumatised. These modifications were then combined with balanced, pre-emptive and continuous paravertebral analgesia and the efficacy of this approach was evaluated in nine patients undergoing VATS. Operation of the rib punch was easy in all patients and was carried out without clinical or radiological trauma to the rib. Insertion of the ports was easy and access was good to all intrathoracic structures. Postoperative analgesia was good and the mean hospital stay was 2.7 days (range 2-4). Follow-up two months later confirmed a satisfactory surgical procedure and no patients complained of chest wall pain or numbness. We conclude that pain generation with VATS must be seriously considered if the technique is to become truly successful. Balanced, pre-emptive, paravertebral analgesia will protect the central nervous system while the removal of an elipse of rib and alignment of the instruments along one ICS will reduce the likelihood of peripheral nerve trauma.

  10. Resection of parosteal osteosarcoma of the distal part of the femur: an original reconstruction technique with cement and plate.

    PubMed

    Pezzillo, F; Maccauro, G; Nizegorodcew, T; Rossi, B; Gosheger, G

    2008-01-01

    Parosteal osteosarcoma is a low-grade malignant bone tumor arising from the distal femur and tibia. Wide resection of a parosteal osteosarcoma usually prevents local recurrence. In literature, hemicortical resections of low-grade malignant bone tumors and allograft reconstruction are described. We describe a new method of resection and reconstruction of parosteal osteosarcoma located in the popliteal paraosseous space of the distal part of the femur using cement and plate (LISS-SYNTHES) through dual medial and lateral incisions. The patient did not present infections and fractures and the functional results were good. After one year, no metastases developed and there were no local recurrences.

  11. Resection of Parosteal Osteosarcoma of the Distal Part of the Femur: An Original Reconstruction Technique with Cement and Plate

    PubMed Central

    Pezzillo, F.; Maccauro, G.; Nizegorodcew, T.; Rossi, B.; Gosheger, G.

    2008-01-01

    Parosteal osteosarcoma is a low-grade malignant bone tumor arising from the distal femur and tibia. Wide resection of a parosteal osteosarcoma usually prevents local recurrence. In literature, hemicortical resections of low-grade malignant bone tumors and allograft reconstruction are described. We describe a new method of resection and reconstruction of parosteal osteosarcoma located in the popliteal paraosseous space of the distal part of the femur using cement and plate (LISS-SYNTHES) through dual medial and lateral incisions. The patient did not present infections and fractures and the functional results were good. After one year, no metastases developed and there were no local recurrences. PMID:18949052

  12. Hemostasis and Hepatic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Eeson, Gareth; Karanicolas, Paul J

    2016-04-01

    Operative blood loss is a major source of morbidity and even mortality for patients undergoing hepatic resection. This review discusses strategies to minimize blood loss and the utilization of allogeneic blood transfusion pertaining to oncologic hepatic surgery.

  13. Can contrast-enhanced MRI with gadoxetic acid predict liver failure and other complications after major hepatic resection?

    PubMed

    Costa, A F; Tremblay St-Germain, A; Abdolell, M; Smoot, R L; Cleary, S; Jhaveri, K S

    2017-07-01

    To determine whether a combination of clinical factors, the future liver remnant (FLR) ratio, and hepatic uptake of gadoxetic acid can be used to predict post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) and other major complications (OMC). Sixty-five consecutive patients who underwent pre-hepatectomy gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) between October 2010 and December 2013 were included. The relative liver enhancement (RLE) of gadoxetic acid was calculated from regions of interest on MRI, and FLR ratios were obtained from computed tomography (CT). PHLF and OMC were defined by the International Study Group of Liver Surgery criteria and Clavien-Dindo grade of ≥3, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression modelling was performed to identify predictors of PHLF and OMC, including RLE, FLR ratio, age, sex, chemotherapy history, intra-operative blood loss, and intra-operative transfusion. Nine patients experienced PHLF and another nine patients experienced OMC. RLE was comparable to the FLR ratio in predicting PHLF (areas under the receiver operating characteristic [AUROC] curves, 0.665 and 0.705), but performed poorly in predicting OMCs (AUROCs, 0.556 and 0.702). Combining all clinical and imaging parameters as predictors yielded the best performing predictive models (AUROCs, 0.875 and 0.742 for PHLF and OMC, respectively). A model based on clinical parameters, the FLR ratio, and RLE of gadoxetic acid may improve pre-hepatectomy risk assessment. Copyright © 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Plantar rotational flap technique for panmetatarsal head resection and transmetatarsal amputation: a revision approach for second metatarsal head transfer ulcers in patients with previous partial first ray amputation.

    PubMed

    Boffeli, Troy J; Reinking, Ryan

    2014-01-01

    Transfer ulcers beneath the second metatarsal head are common after diabetes-related partial first ray amputation. Subsequent osteomyelitis of the second ray can further complicate this difficult situation. We present 2 cases depicting our plantar rotational flap technique for revision surgery involving conversion to either panmetatarsal head resection or transmetatarsal amputation (TMA). These cases are presented to demonstrate our indications, procedure selection criteria, flap technique, operative pearls, and staging protocol. The goals of this surgical approach are to excise and close the plantar ulcer beneath the second metatarsal head, remove any infected bone, allow staged surgery if needed, remove all remaining metatarsal heads to decrease the likelihood of repeat transfer ulcers, preserve the toes when practical, avoid excessive shortening of the foot, avoid multiple longitudinal dorsal incisions, and create a functional and cosmetically appealing foot. The flap is equally suited for either panmetatarsal head resection or TMA. The decision to pursue panmetatarsal head resection versus TMA largely depends on the condition of the remaining toes. Involvement of osteomyelitis in the base of the second proximal phalanx, the soft tissue viability of the remaining toes, the presence of a preoperative digital deformity, and the likelihood that saving the lesser toes will be beneficial from a cosmetic or footwear standpoint are factors we consider when deciding between panmetatarsal head resection and TMA. Retrospective chart review identified prompt healing of the flap in both patients. Neither patient experienced recurrent ulcers or required subsequent surgery within the first 12 months postoperatively.

  15. Approaches to laparoscopic liver resection: a meta-analysis of the role of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery and the hybrid technique.

    PubMed

    Hasegawa, Yasushi; Koffron, Alan J; Buell, Joseph F; Wakabayashi, Go

    2015-05-01

    Laparoscopic liver resection has been established as a safe and feasible treatment option. Surgical approaches include pure laparoscopy, hand-assisted laparoscopy (HALS), and the hybrid technique. The role of these three approaches, and their superiority over open laparotomy, is not yet known. A literature review was performed using specific search phrases, relating to hand-assisted or hybrid approaches to laparoscopic liver resection. Surgical results from 18 case series (HALS, nine series; hybrid technique, nine series), each with ≥ 10 patients, were analyzed. Results indicated that HALS was associated with a mean operative time of 82-264.5 min, an estimated blood loss of 82-300 mL, and a complication rate of 3.8-27.1%. Analysis of series involving the hybrid technique indicated a mean operative time of 111-366.5 min, an estimated blood loss of 93-936 mL, and a complication rate of 3.4-23.5%. In conclusion, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that any single approach is superior to the others, although HALS and the hybrid technique are useful when dealing with difficulties associated with pure laparoscopy. Conversely, the need for these two methods, which can function as a bridge to pure laparoscopic liver resection, may be overcome with appropriate training.

  16. Hepatic Resection as a Safe and Effective Treatment for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Involving a Single Large Tumor, Multiple Tumors, or Macrovascular Invasion

    PubMed Central

    Zhong, Jian-Hong; Rodríguez, A. Chapin; Ke, Yang; Wang, Yan-Yan; Wang, Lin; Li, Le-Qun

    2015-01-01

    Abstract This systematic review examined whether the available evidence justifies using hepatic resection (HR) during later stages of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which contravenes treatment guidelines but is current practice at many medical centers. Official guidelines and retrospective studies recommend different roles for HR for patients with large/multinodular HCC or with HCC involving macrovascular invasion (MVI). Several databases were systematically searched for studies examining the safety and efficacy of HR for treating HCC involving a single large tumor (>5 cm) or multiple tumors, or for treating HCC involving MVI. We identified 50 studies involving 14 808 patients that investigated the use of HR to treat large/multinodular HCC, and 24 studies with 4389 patients that investigated HR to treat HCC with MVI. Median in-hospital mortality for patients with either type of HCC was significantly lower in Asian studies (2.7%) than in non-Asian studies (7.3%, P < 0.001). Median overall survival (OS) was significantly higher for all Asian patients with large/multinodular HCC than for all non-Asian patients at both 1 year (81% vs 65%, P < 0.001) and 5 years (42% vs 32%, P < 0.001). Similar results were obtained for median disease-free survival at 1 year (61% vs 50%, P < 0.001) and 5 years (26% vs 24%, P < 0.001). However, median OS was similar for Asian and non-Asian patients with HCC involving MVI at 1 year (50% vs 52%, P = 0.45) and 5 years (18% vs 14%, P = 0.94). There was an upward trend in 5-year OS in patients with either type of HCC. HR is reasonably safe and effective at treating large/multinodular HCC and HCC with MVI. The available evidence argues for expanding the indications for HR in official treatment guidelines. PMID:25621684

  17. An in vitro study comparing two dose regimes of fresh frozen plasma on conventional and thromboelastographic tests of coagulation after major hepatic resection.

    PubMed

    Schofield, N; Sugavanam, A; Henley, M; Thompson, K; Riddell, A; Mallett, S V

    2015-04-01

    After hepatic resection, post-operative increases in international normalised ratio (INR) are frequent, but rarely associated with bleeding complication. Coagulation as assessed by thrombin generation may be normal, despite the increased INR. This study tests the hypothesis that viscoelastic tests (VET) of coagulation remain normal, despite mild elevations in INR, examines the efficacy of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) in reversing prolongation of INR in such patients and determines the effect of FFP on VET. A prospective cohort study of 47 patients undergoing major hepatectomy. In vitro spiking with FFP (7·5 and 15 mL kg(-1)) was carried out if post-operative day 2 (POD2) INR levels were ≥1·5. Thromboelastography (TEG®) and INR were measured before and after FFP spiking. Blood from patients with an INR  ≥ 1·5 on POD2 was spiked with FFP. There was a significant reduction in the INR from 1·94 [standard deviation (SD): 0·59] to 1·46 (SD: 0·27, P = 0·005) and 1·36 (SD: 0·18, P = 0·0007) with FFP 7·5 or 15 mL kg(-1), respectively. At baseline, the TEG R-time [6·17 min (NR, 9-27 min)] and maximum amplitude (MA) [66·9 mm (NR, 44-64 mm)] were hypercoagulable, and remained so on POD2 for the R-time (6·7 min), but fell to within the normal range for the MA (54·0 mm). FFP spiking had no significant effect on TEG variables. Despite the rise in INR after hepatectomy, VET do not show evidence of hypocoagulability. In vitro addition of FFP had no significant effect on TEG parameters. Clinical use of FFP in this situation is questionable. © 2015 British Blood Transfusion Society.

  18. Does video-assisted thoracic surgery provide a safe alternative to conventional techniques in patients with limited pulmonary function who are otherwise suitable for lung resection?

    PubMed

    Oparka, Jonathan; Yan, Tristan D; Ryan, Eilise; Dunning, Joel

    2013-07-01

    A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: does video-assisted thoracic surgery provide a safe alternative to conventional techniques in patients with limited pulmonary function who are otherwise suitable for lung resection? Altogether, more than 280 papers were found using the reported search, of which 7 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. One of the largest studies reviewed was a retrospective review of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. The authors compared 4531 patients who underwent lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) with 8431 patients who had thoracotomy. In patients with a predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 s (ppoFEV1%) of <60, it was demonstrated that thoracotomy patients have markedly increased pulmonary complications when compared with VATS patients (P = 0.023). Another study compared perioperative outcomes in patients with a ppoFEV1% of <40% who underwent thoracoscopic resection with similar patients who underwent open resection. Patients undergoing thoracoscopic resection as opposed to open thoracotomy had a lower incidence of pneumonia (4.3 vs 21.7%, P < 0.05), a shorter intensive care stay (2 vs 4 days, P = 0.05) and a shorter hospital stay (7 vs 10 days, P = 0.058). A similar study compared recurrence and survival in patients with a ppoFEV1% of <40% who underwent resection by VATS or anatomical segmentectomy (study group) with open resection (control group). Relative to the control group, patients in the study group had a shorter length of hospital stay (8 vs 12 days, P = 0.054) and an improved 5-year survival (42 vs 18%, P = 0.02). Analysis suggested that VATS lobectomy was the principal driver of survival benefit in the study group. We conclude that

  19. Hepatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... low because of routine testing of donated blood. Sexual transmission and transmission among family members through close contact ... associated with drinking contaminated water. Hepatitis Viruses ... B Blood, needles, sexual 10% of older children develop chronic infection. 90% ...

  20. Validation of intimate correlation between visceral fat and hepatic steatosis: Quantitative measurement techniques using CT for area of fat and MR for hepatic steatosis.

    PubMed

    Choi, Moon Hyung; Choi, Joon-Il; Park, Michael Yong; Rha, Sung Eun; Oh, Soon Nam; Jung, Seung Eun; Byun, Jae Young; Kannengiesser, Stephan; Son, Yohan

    2016-12-18

    The relationship between obesity and hepatic steatosis is well known, and there are many methods to measure obesity and severity of hepatic steatosis. Because of advances in radiologic techniques, the areas of certain body components can be measured on computed tomography (CT) while the severity of hepatic steatosis can be measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) with high accuracy. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between degree of fatty infiltration of the liver measured by MRS and body composition measured from CT images. We evaluated 95 potential liver donors who underwent abdomen CT and liver MRI (including MRS) between February 2014 and September 2015 in a tertiary university hospital. Body composition analysis was performed on CT images using commercial software. The areas of subcutaneous fat, visceral fat and abdominal circumference were measured automatically and the area of muscle was measured semi-automatically. The degree of hepatic steatosis was measured by MRS. The degree of hepatic steatosis showed a significant correlation with total fat area, visceral fat area, subcutaneous fat area, muscle area, abdominal circumference, BMI, and ratio of visceral fat to total fat. The strongest correlation was between hepatic steatosis and the area of visceral fat in all subjects (r=0.569). Multivariate regression analysis showed that male gender and visceral fat area were significantly associated with hepatic steatosis (P = 0.031, <0.001, respectively). The area of visceral fat has the most intimate correlation to the severity of hepatic steatosis among all significantly correlated parameters associated with body habitus. Accurate and quantitative body composition measurement and degree of hepatic steatosis can be noninvasively performed using advanced radiological techniques. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.

  1. Synchronous resections of hepatic oligometastatic pancreatic cancer: Disputing a principle in a time of safe pancreatic operations in a retrospective multicenter analysis.

    PubMed

    Tachezy, Michael; Gebauer, Florian; Janot, Monika; Uhl, Waldemar; Zerbi, Alessandro; Montorsi, Marco; Perinel, Julie; Adham, Mustapha; Dervenis, Christos; Agalianos, Christos; Malleo, Giuseppe; Maggino, Laura; Stein, Alexander; Izbicki, Jakob R; Bockhorn, Maximilian

    2016-07-01

    The prognosis of patients with liver metastasis is generally considered dismal, and combined resections of the primary tumor and metastasectomies are not recommended. In highly selected patients, however, resections are performed. The evidence for this indication is limited. The aim of the current study was to assess the operative and oncologic outcomes of patients with combined pancreatic and liver resections of synchronous liver metastases. In a retrospective analysis of 6 European pancreas centers, we identified 69 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and synchronous liver metastasis who underwent simultaneous pancreas and liver metastasis resections. Patients receiving exploration without tumor resection served as the control group. Overall survival (OS) appeared to be prolonged in the group of resected patients (median 14 vs 8 months, P < .001). Subgroup analysis revealed that the survival benefit of the resected patients was driven by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas localized in the pancreatic head (median OS 13.6 vs 7 months, P < .001). Body/tail pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas showed no benefit of resection (median OS 14 vs 15 months, P = .312). In the multivariate analysis, tumor resection was the only independent prognosticator for OS (hazard ratio 2.044, 95% confidence interval 1.342-3.114). The data of this retrospective and selective patient cohort suggested a clear survival benefit for patients undergoing synchronous pancreas and liver resections for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, but due to the limitations of this retrospective study and very strong potential for selection bias, a strong conclusion for resection cannot be drawn. Prospective trials must validate these data and investigate the use of combined operative and systemic treatments in case of resectable metastatic pancreatic cancer. Is it time for a multicenter, prospective trial? Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Soft-tissue balancing in total knee arthroplasty: cruciate-retaining versus posterior-stabilised, and measured-resection versus gap technique.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Tomoyuki; Muratsu, Hirotsugu; Kawakami, Yohei; Takayama, Koji; Ishida, Kazunari; Matsushita, Takehiko; Akisue, Toshihiro; Nishida, Kotaro; Kuroda, Ryosuke; Kurosaka, Masahiro

    2014-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to prove the hypothesis that soft tissues are well balanced using the gap technique with a navigation system in cruciate-retaining (CR) and posterior-stabilised (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA), leading to better clinical outcomes compared with the measured-resection technique. One hundred and thirty-five TKAs (90 CR and 45 PS) were performed in patients with varus-type osteoarthritis using the gap technique guided by the offset-type tensor and a navigation system. Soft-tissue balance (joint-component gap and ligament balance) were intraoperatively assessed with the tensor under 40 lb of joint-distraction force. The achievement in the equalised rectangular gap at extension and flexion was assessed and retrospectively compared with the previous series in which the measured-resection technique was used (20 CR and 100 PS TKAs). In addition, clinical outcomes, including range of motion and Knee Society Score were assessed at a minimum two year follow-up. In achieving equalised rectangular gaps at extension and flexion, CR TKAs met criteria in more cases [66.7% (64/90) vs. 44.4% (20/45) of PS TKA] with the gap technique, which was superior to that with the measured-resection technique [50.0% (10/20) of CR TKA and 28.0% (28/100) of PS TKA]. However, clinical outcomes showed no significant differences among groups at minimum two year follow-up. The superiority of CR TKA with the gap technique in achieving equalised rectangular gaps at extension and flexion does not directly reflect two year postoperative clinical outcomes.

  3. Push-back technique facilitates ultra-low anterior resection without nerve injury in total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Yasuhiro; Hiro, Junichiro; Toiyama, Yuji; Tanaka, Koji; Uchida, Keiichi; Miki, Chikao; Kusunoki, Masato

    2011-01-01

    To describe our push-back approach to ultra-low anterior resection using the concept of the mucosal stump. We mobilize the rectum using an abdominal approach, and perform mucosal cutting circumferentially at the dentate line. The mucosal stump is closed, and the internal sphincteric muscle resected partially or totally according to tumor location. Perianal dissection is performed along the medial plane of the external sphincteric muscles, and the hiatal ligament is dissected posteriorly. To resect the entire rectum, the closed rectal stump is pushed back to the abdominal cavity using composed gauze. This prevents injury to the autonomic nerve. We performed colonic J-pouch anal anastomosis using our mucosal stump approach in 58 patients with rectal cancer located <4 cm from the anal verge. According to the Wexner score, 7% of patients were fully continent, 71% had acceptable function with minor continence problems, and 22% were incontinent. No patients required intermittent self-catheterization during follow-up. After a median follow-up of 49 months, there was only 1 case of local recurrence after surgery. Our push-back approach for internal sphincter resection produces satisfactory functional and oncological results in ultra-low anterior rectal cancer. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  4. Two case reports of perineal hernia after laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection with a proposed modification to the operative technique

    PubMed Central

    Ewan, LC; Charleston, PJ

    2014-01-01

    Perineal hernia is a rare complication following laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (APR) for rectal cancer. We present two case reports of perineal hernia following laparoscopic APR and discuss their management. We suggest that they developed because the pelvic peritoneum was left open during laparoscopic APR and propose that closure of the pelvic peritoneum should be routine in this operation. PMID:24780656

  5. Preoperative Diagnostic Angiogram and Endovascular Aortic Stent Placement for Appleby Resection Candidates: A Novel Surgical Technique in the Management of Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Trabulsi, N.; Pelletier, J. S.; Abraham, C.; Vanounou, T.

    2015-01-01

    Background. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma of the body and tail usually presents late and is typically unresectable. The modified Appleby procedure allows resection of pancreatic body carcinoma with celiac axis (CA) invasion. Given that the feasibility of this technique is based on the presence of collateral circulation, it is crucial to confirm the presence of an anatomical and functional collateral system. Methods. We here describe a novel technique used in two patients who were candidates for Appleby resection. We present their clinical scenario, imaging, operative findings, and postoperative course. Results. Both patients had a preoperative angiogram for assessment of anatomical circulation and placement of an endovascular stent to cover the CA. We hypothesize that this new technique allows enhancement of collateral circulation and helps minimize intraoperative blood loss when transecting the CA at its takeoff. Moreover, extra length on the CA margin may be gained, as the artery can be transected at its origin without the need for vascular clamp placement. Conclusion. We propose this novel technique in the preoperative management of patients who are undergoing a modified Appleby procedure. While further experience with this technique is required, we believe that it confers significant advantages to the current standard of care. PMID:26491217

  6. Carinal resection and sleeve pneumonectomy

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Carinal resection (CR) and sleeve pneumonectomy (SP) are one of the challenging issues in thoracic surgery and performed rarely. In spite of the knowledge of the technique, the incidence of postoperative complications is higher compared to standard resections. Adequate patient selection, improved anesthetic management, surgical technique and better postoperative management might reduce the rate of postoperative morbidity and mortality. PMID:27942410

  7. [Rectal cancer within 10 cm. Comparison of the radicality of laparoscopic and open surgical techniques with regard to the circumferential resection margin and the completeness of mesorectal excision].

    PubMed

    Dušek, T; Ferko, A; Orhalmi, J; Chobola, M; Nikolov, D H; Hovorková, E; Cermáková, E

    2013-06-01

    The issue of achieving radical circumferential margin in laparoscopic rectal surgery has not yet been satisfactorily clarified. In this paper we have focused on circumferential margin assessment and the quality of the mesorectal excision, comparing laparoscopic and open resection for cancer of the middle and lower rectum. The results of surgical procedures for middle and low rectal cancer were analysed. All the interventions were performed at the Department of Surgery, Teaching Hospital in Hradec Kralove, during the period from January 2011 to December 2012. The data were prospectively collected and entered in the Rectal Cancer Registry. Age, gender, BMI, tumour localisation and topography, the clinical stage, preoperative chemoradiotherapy and response to it, the type of surgery, distal and circumferential margin characteristics, mesorectal excision quality, pT and pN were compared for laparoscopic and open surgery. A total of 161 patients were operated on for rectal cancer during the abovementioned period. 94 patients were included in the trial following selection. Laparoscopy was used in 40 patients and open surgery in 54 patients. Laparoscopic approach was performed in 33 (82.5%) low anterior resections (including four intersphincteric resections), 6 (15%) abdominoperineal amputations and 1 (2.5%) Hartmanns procedure. Open surgery was used for 26 (48.1%) low anterior resections, 21 (38.9%) APR and 7 (13%) Hartmanns procedures. Complete mesorectal excision was achieved in 45% of the laparoscopic resections vs. 46.3% of open resections. Nearly complete excision was performed in 22.5% and 11.1%, respectively. Finally, incomplete excision was described in 30% vs. 38.9%. No available data for TME was detected in three patients. The differences in TME were not statistically significant. Positive circumferential margin was found in 5 (12.5%) patients in the laparoscopy group; on the contrary, in the group undergoing open surgery, pCRO+ was found in 15 (27.8%) patients

  8. Operative Technique for En Bloc Resection of Upper Cervical Chordomas: Extended Transoral Transmandibular Approach and Multilevel Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Ortega-Porcayo, Luis Alberto; Cabrera-Aldana, Eibar Ernesto; Arriada-Mendicoa, Nicasio; Gómez-Amador, Juan Luis; Granados-García, Martín

    2014-01-01

    Anterior exposure for cervical chordomas remains challenging because of the anatomical complexities and the restoration of the dimensional balance of the atlanto-axial region. In this report, we describe and analyze the transmandibular transoral approach and multilevel spinal reconstruction for upper cervical chordomas. We report two cases of cervical chordomas (C2 and C2-C4) that were treated by marginal en bloc resection with a transmandibular approach and anterior-posterior multilevel spinal reconstruction/fixation. Both patients showed clinical improvement. Postoperative imaging was negative for any residual tumor and revealed adequate reconstruction and stabilization. Marginal resection requires more extensive exposure to allow the surgeon access to the entire pathology, as an inadequate tumor margin is the main factor that negatively affects the prognosis. Anterior and posterior reconstruction provides a rigid reconstruction that protects the medulla and decreases axial pain by properly stabilizing the cervical spine. PMID:25558326

  9. Craniofacial Resection

    PubMed Central

    Ross, Donald A.; Marentette, Lawrence J.; Moore, Charles E.; Switz, Kristin L.

    1999-01-01

    The authors have successfully utilized a modified subcranial approach to the anterior skull base, based upon the procedure first described by Joram Raveh, as an alternative to standard craniofacial resection. The complication rate of this procedure in 31 consecutive cases (28 tumors, 2 congenital malformations, and 1 mucocele) has been 19.4% with no permanent complications, no deaths, no new neurological deficits, no brain injuries, no infections, and no seizures. Minor complications without permanent sequelae included two cases of tension pnenmocephalus, a subdural hygroma, two transient cerebrospinal fluid leaks, and a case of bacterial meningitis secondary to fecal contamination of a lumbar drain in a child. Average length of hospitalization was 7.1 days (range 2 to 16 days). The overall complication rate is considerably below the complication rate for other reported craniofacial procedures. We describe the technique we have used and the results. The subcranial approach as described herein provides wide exposure of the anterior cranial base without brain retraction, does not require prolonged operating times or hospitalization, and has a potentially lower complication rate than reported for other transfrontal transbasal approaches. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4 PMID:17171124

  10. Embolization of Hepatic Arterial Branches to Simplify Hepatic Blood Flow Before Yttrium 90 Radioembolization: A Useful Technique in the Presence of Challenging Anatomy

    SciTech Connect

    Karunanithy, Narayan; Gordon, Fabiana; Hodolic, Marina; Al-Nahhas, Adil; Wasan, Harpreet S.; Habib, Nagy; Tait, Nicholas P.

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: In the presence of variant hepatic arterial anatomy, obtaining whole-liver coverage with yttrium 90 (Y90) radioembolization may be challenging. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a technique whereby variant hepatic arterial branches are embolized and then Y90 is administered selectively into one remaining hepatic arterial branch results in whole-liver coverage and effective therapy. A retrospective comparison of treatment response was made between a group of patients who underwent this technique before Y90 administration and a group of patients who received standard Y90 administration as a single dose into the proper hepatic artery or in divided doses into the immediate hepatic artery branches. The rest of the workup and treatment were identical in both groups, including routine embolization of potential nonhepatic, nontarget vessels (e.g., the gastroduodenal artery). Methods: A total of 32 patients (mean age 56.9 years, range 39-77 years) treated with Y90 between June 2004 and March 2008 were analyzed. The primary malignancy was colorectal in 29, breast in 2, and cholangiocarcinoma in 1. Group 1 comprised 20 patients who had no alterations to their hepatic arterial supply. Group 2 comprised 12 cases who had undergone prior embolization of hepatic arterial branches before administration of Y90. The response to treatment was assessed by comparing standardized uptake value (SUV) on the pre- and postprocedure fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomographic studies of representative lesions within the right and left lobes of the liver. Results: In group 1, significant response (P < 0.001) was seen among right lobe lesions but not among left lobe lesions (P = 0.549). In group 2, there was a significant response among both right (P = 0.028) and left (P = 0.014) lobe lesions. No difference was found in the response of right lobe lesions (P = 0.726) between groups 1 and 2; a significantly greater response was found in group 2 compared to group 1 (P

  11. Lateral supracerebellar infratentorial approach for microsurgical resection of large midline pineal region tumors: techniques to expand the operative corridor.

    PubMed

    Kulwin, Charles; Matsushima, Ken; Malekpour, Mahdi; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2016-01-01

    Pineal region tumors pose certain challenges in regard to their resection: a deep surgical field, associated critical surrounding neurovascular structures, and narrow operative working corridor due to obstruction by the apex of the culmen. The authors describe a lateral supracerebellar infratentorial approach that was successfully used in the treatment of 10 large (> 3 cm) midline pineal region tumors. The patients were placed in a modified lateral decubitus position. A small lateral suboccipital craniotomy exposed the transverse sinus. Tentorial retraction sutures were used to gently rotate and elevate the transverse sinus to expand the lateral supracerebellar operative corridor. This approach placed only unilateral normal structures at risk and minimized vermian venous sacrifice. The surgeon achieved generous exposure of the caudal midline mesencephalon through a "cross-court" oblique trajectory, while avoiding excessive retraction on the culmen. All patients underwent the lateral approach with no approach-related complication. The final pathological diagnoses were consistent with meningioma in 3 cases, pilocytic astrocytoma in 3 cases, intermediate grade pineal region tumor in 2 cases, and pineoblastoma in 2 cases. The entire extent of these tumors was readily reachable through the lateral supracerebellar route. Gross-total resection was achieved in 8 (80%) of the 10 cases; in 2 cases (20%) near-total resection was performed due to adherence of these tumors to deep diencephalic veins. Large midline pineal region tumors can be removed through a unilateral paramedian suboccipital craniotomy. This approach is simple, may spare some of the midline vermian bridging veins, and may be potentially less invasive and more efficient.

  12. Stereotactic Irradiation of the Postoperative Resection Cavity for Brain Metastasis: A Frameless Linear Accelerator-Based Case Series and Review of the Technique

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, Paul J.; Alexander, Brian M.; Hacker, Fred; Marcus, Karen J.; Weiss, Stephanie E.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) is the standard of care after resection of a brain metastasis. However, concern regarding possible neurocognitive effects and the lack of survival benefit with this approach has led to the use of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to the resection cavity in place of WBRT. We report our initial experience using an image-guided linear accelerator-based frameless stereotactic system and review the technical issues in applying this technique. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed the setup accuracy, treatment outcome, and patterns of failure of the first 18 consecutive cases treated at Brigham and Women's Hospital. The target volume was the resection cavity without a margin excluding the surgical track. Results: The median number of brain metastases per patient was 1 (range, 1-3). The median planning target volume was 3.49 mL. The median prescribed dose was 18 Gy (range, 15-18 Gy) with normalization ranging from 68% to 85%. In all cases, 99% of the planning target volume was covered by the prescribed dose. The median conformity index was 1.6 (range, 1.41-1.92). The SRS was delivered with submillimeter accuracy. At a median follow-up of 12.7 months, local control was achieved in 16/18 cavities treated. True local recurrence occurred in 2 patients. No marginal failures occurred. Distant recurrence occurred in 6/17 patients. Median time to any failure was 7.4 months. No Grade 3 or higher toxicity was recorded. A long interval between initial cancer diagnosis and the development of brain metastasis was the only factor that trended toward a significant association with the absence of recurrence (local or distant) (log-rank p = 0.097). Conclusions: Frameless stereotactic irradiation of the resection cavity after surgery for a brain metastasis is a safe and accurate technique that offers durable local control and defers the use of WBRT in select patients. This technique should be tested in larger prospective studies.

  13. [Establishment of a three-dimensional pancreas model for simulating surgical resection of pancreatic tail carcinoma using virtual-reality technique].

    PubMed

    Fang, Chi-Hua; Liu, Yu-Bin; Tang, Yun-Qiang; Pan, Jia-Hui; Peng, Feng-Ping; Lu, Chao-Min; Bao, Su-Su

    2008-06-01

    To assess the feasibility of visual-reality technique for simulating surgical resection of pancreatic tail carcinoma using a 3-dimensional pancreas model reconstructed on the basis of the CT data. The original image data of 64-slice spiral CT was obtained from a patient with pancreatic tail carcinoma. Using adaptive region growing algorithm, the serial CT images were segmented and automatically extracted for 3-dimensional reconstruction of the pancreas and the anatomically related structures with a self-designed program. The model was then processed with Freeform Modeling System for image modification and smoothing. With the assistance of GHST SDK and PHANTOM software systems, preoperative simulation of surgical resection of the carcinoma was performed on the basis of the established pancreatic model. The reconstructed 3-dimensional pancreatic model with the related structures clearly visualized the 3-dimensional structures of the pancreas, the pancreatic tail compromised by the carcinoma, and the adjacent organs, displaying also the distribution, courses and the anatomical relations of the ductal systems including the main pancreatic duct, abdominal aorta, portal vein system, and the biliary tract. During simulated surgery for pancreatic tail carcinoma resection, the GHOST SDK system allowed effective application of the virtual surgical instruments, and the use of PHANTOM software produced a surgical experience with high resemblance of that from an actual operation. The serial CT data-based reconstruction of 3-dimensional pancreas model and simulated operation on this model using virtual-reality technique has great potentials for application in individualized surgical planning and surgical risk assessment in cases of pancreatic tail carcinoma, and also facilitates clinical training of the surgeons.

  14. [Laparoscopic liver resection: lessons learned after 132 resections].

    PubMed

    Robles Campos, Ricardo; Marín Hernández, Caridad; Lopez-Conesa, Asunción; Olivares Ripoll, Vicente; Paredes Quiles, Miriam; Parrilla Paricio, Pascual

    2013-10-01

    After 20 years of experience in laparoscopic liver surgery there is still no clear definition of the best approach (totally laparoscopic [TLS] or hand-assisted [HAS]), the indications for surgery, position, instrumentation, immediate and long-term postoperative results, etc. To report our experience in laparoscopic liver resections (LLRs). Over a period of 10 years we performed 132 LLRs in 129 patients: 112 malignant tumours (90 hepatic metastases; 22 primary malignant tumours) and 20 benign lesions (18 benign tumours; 2 hydatid cysts). Twenty-eight cases received TLS and 104 had HAS. 6 right hepatectomies (2 as the second stage of a two-stage liver resection); 6 left hepatectomies; 9 resections of 3 segments; 42 resections of 2 segments; 64 resections of one segment; and 5 cases of local resections. There was no perioperative mortality, and morbidity was 3%. With TLS the resection was completed in 23/28 cases, whereas with HAS it was completed in all 104 cases. Transfusion: 4,5%; operating time: 150min; and mean length of stay: 3,5 days. The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates for the primary malignant tumours were 100, 86 and 62%, and for colorectal metastases 92, 82 and 52%, respectively. LLR via both TLS and HAS in selected cases are similar to the results of open surgery (similar 5-year morbidity, mortality and survival rates) but with the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. Copyright © 2012 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  15. Better innovate than compromise: a novel hepatic outflow reconstruction technique in pediatric living donor liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Cherian, P Thomas; Mishra, Ashish K; Bangaari, Ashish; Kota, Venugopal; Sathyanarayanan, Mohan; Raya, Ravichandra; Rela, Mohamed

    2015-05-01

    Pediatric LDLT using donors with unfavorable vascular anatomy is challenging in terms of donor safety, and complexity of reconstruction in the recipient. We describe an innovative technique of hepatic venous outflow reconstruction involving the recipient RHV, in the presence of a rudimentary RHV in the donor. The postoperative course of the donor and recipient was uneventful with satisfactory venous outflow in both. This technique avoided the use of prosthetic material, an important consideration given the recipient age and requirement for growth. This shows that donors previously considered unsuitable for donation can be utilized safely as long as principles of vascular anastomosis are adhered to. Moreover, it highlights that innovation is sometimes necessary to avoid compromise in donor safety. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Novel Technique for Hepatic Fiducial Marker Placement for Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Jarraya, Hajer; Chalayer, Chloé; Tresch, Emmanuelle; Bonodeau, Francois; Lacornerie, Thomas; Mirabel, Xavier; Boulanger, Thomas; Taieb, Sophie; Kramar, Andrew; Lartigau, Eric; Ceugnart, Luc

    2014-09-01

    Purpose: To report experience with fiducial marker insertion and describe an advantageous, novel technique for fiducial placement in the liver for stereotactic body radiation therapy with respiratory tracking. Methods and Materials: We implanted 1444 fiducials (single: 834; linked: 610) in 328 patients with 424 hepatic lesions. Two methods of implantation were compared: the standard method (631 single fiducials) performed on 153 patients from May 2007 to May 2010, and the cube method (813 fiducials: 610 linked/203 single) applied to 175 patients from April 2010 to March 2013. The standard method involved implanting a single marker at a time. The novel technique entailed implanting 2 pairs of linked markers when possible in a way to occupy the perpendicular edges of a cube containing the tumor inside. Results: Mean duration of the cube method was shorter than the standard method (46 vs 61 minutes; P<.0001). Median numbers of skin and subcapsular entries were significantly smaller with the cube method (2 vs 4, P<.0001, and 2 vs 4, P<.0001, respectively). The rate of overall complications (total, major, and minor) was significantly lower in the cube method group compared with the standard method group (5.7% vs 13.7%; P=.013). Major complications occurred while using single markers only. The success rate was 98.9% for the cube method and 99.3% for the standard method. Conclusions: We propose a new technique of hepatic fiducial implantation that makes use of linked fiducials and involves fewer skin entries and shorter time of implantation. The technique is less complication-prone and is migration-resistant.

  17. Logistics and Technique for Procurement of Intestinal, Pancreatic, and Hepatic Grafts From the Same Donor

    PubMed Central

    Abu-Elmagd, Kareem; Fung, John; Bueno, Javier; Martin, Dolly; Madariaga, Juan R.; Mazariegos, George; Bond, Geoffrey; Molmenti, Ernesto; Corry, Robert J.; Starzl, Thomas E.; Reyes, Jorge

    2000-01-01

    Objective To assess a technique for simultaneous recovery of the intestine, pancreas, and liver from the same donor. Summary Background Data With the more frequent use of pancreatic and intestinal transplantation, a procurement procedure is needed that permits retrieval of both organs as well as the liver from the same cadaveric donor for transplantation to different recipients. It is believed by many procurement officers and surgeons, however, that this objective is not technically feasible. Methods A technique for simultaneous recovery of the intestine, pancreas, and liver was used in 13 multiorgan cadaver donors during a 26-month period, with transplantation of the organs to 33 recipients. The intestine was removed from 11 donors separately and in continuity with the pancreas in the other 2. Six additional pancreases were excised and transplanted separately. Thirteen livers were retrieved, one of which was discarded because of steahorrhea. Ten of the remaining 12 livers were transplanted intact; the other 2 were split in situ and used as reduced-size hepatic allografts in four recipients. Results None of the 11 intestinal, 6 pancreatic, 2 intestinal–pancreatic, or 14 whole or partial liver allografts sustained serious ischemic injury or were lost as a result of technical complications. One liver recipient died 25 months after surgery of recurrent C virus hepatitis. The other 32 recipients had adequate allograft function with a mean follow-up of 8 months. Conclusion It was possible using the described technique to retrieve intestine, pancreas, and liver allografts safely from the same donor and to transplant these organs to different recipients. PMID:11066140

  18. Resection after preoperative chemotherapy versus synchronous liver resection of colorectal cancer liver metastases

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Chan W.; Lee, Jong L.; Yoon, Yong S.; Park, In J.; Lim, Seok-Byung; Yu, Chang S.; Kim, Tae W.; Kim, Jin C.

    2017-01-01

    Abstract This study aimed to determine the prognostic effects of preoperative chemotherapy for colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CLM). We retrospectively evaluated 2 groups of patients between January 2006 and August 2012. A total of 53 patients who had ≥3 hepatic metastases underwent resection after preoperative chemotherapy (preoperative chemotherapy group), whereas 96 patients who had ≥3 hepatic metastases underwent resection with a curative intent before chemotherapy for CLM (primary resection group). A propensity score (PS) model was used to compare the both groups. The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 31.7% and 20.4% in the preoperative chemotherapy and primary resection groups, respectively (log-rank = 0.015). Analyzing 32 PS matched pairs, we found that the DFS rate was significantly higher in the preoperative chemotherapy group than in the primary resection group (3-year DFS rates were 34.2% and 16.8%, respectively [log-rank = 0.019]). Preoperative chemotherapy group patients had better DFSs than primary resection group patients in various multivariate analyses, including crude, multivariable, average treatment effect with inverse probability of treatment weighting model and PS matching. Responses to chemotherapy are as important as achieving complete resection in cases of multiple hepatic metastases. Preoperative chemotherapy may therefore be preferentially considered for patients who experience difficulty undergoing complete resection for multiple hepatic metastases. PMID:28207557

  19. Application of a Three-Dimensional Reconstruction Technique in Liver Autotransplantation for End-Stage Hepatic Alveolar Echinococcosis.

    PubMed

    He, Yi-Biao; Bai, Lei; Jiang, Yi; Ji, Xue-Wen; Tai, Qin-Wen; Zhao, Jin-Ming; Zhang, Jin-Hui; Liu, Wen-Ya; Wen, Hao

    2015-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical value of three-dimensional (3D) computer reconstruction technology in pre-operative assessment and surgical planning for liver autotransplantation in patients with end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE). Fifteen end-stage HAE patients received surgical treatment in our hospital between May 2011 and July 2014. 3D reconstruction and virtual surgeries were performed on diseased livers using a 3D reconstruction system for liver (IQQA-Liver). The feasibility and safety of liver autotransplantation were assessed for successful implementation of surgery. The results were compared with intraoperative conditions and computed tomography (CT) to verify the accuracy of pre-operative evaluation. Fifteen patients underwent liver resections and liver autotransplantation using surgical strategies consistent with pre-operative surgical planning in 3D reconstruction. Furthermore, there was no significant difference between whole-liver volume (2848.26 ± 798.41 vs. 2598.70 ± 822.45 cm(3), t = -4.635, P > 0.05) and lesion volume (1159.09 ± 789.47 vs. 1213.14 ± 813.76 cm(3), t = -1.959, P > 0.05) measured by 3D and traditional two-dimensional (2D) manual tracing from CT. The remaining liver volumes calculated by 3D and 2D CT were 810.47 ± 214.05 and 892.00 ± 262.36 cm(3) (t = -3.275, P > 0.05), with an average error rate of 6.2 and 16.5%, respectively. The pre-operative remaining liver volumes estimated by the two methods were positively correlated with the actual weight (783.67 ± 217.74 g) after the surgery (r three-dimensional = 0.976, r multislice CT = 0.883, P < 0.01). An individualized liver reconstruction technique can provide comprehensive anatomic information on livers of patients with end-stage HAE. Pre-operative virtual surgery can effectively improve the success rate of liver autotransplantation and reduce the risks of surgery.

  20. Large bowel resection

    MedlinePlus

    ... colectomy; Right hemicolectomy; Left hemicolectomy; Hand assisted bowel surgery; Low anterior resection; Sigmoid colectomy; Subtotal colectomy; Proctocolectomy; Colon resection; Laparoscopic colectomy; Colectomy - partial; Abdominal perineal resection

  1. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepatic and perihepatic abscess drainage: an evolving technique

    PubMed Central

    Changela, Kinesh; Lane, Devin; Anand, Sury; Duddempudi, Sushil

    2014-01-01

    Interventional radiology-guided percutaneous drainage of liver abscesses with concomitant use of antibiotics has been the conventional approach for the treatment of liver abscesses. Hepatic abscesses refractory or not amenable to percutaneous drainage have been treated with surgical drainage, either via laparoscopic or open laparotomy techniques. The aim of this review was to evaluate the technical feasibility and efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage of liver abscesses. A literature review was performed to identify the studies describing the technique. In this review article we have summarized case series or reports describing EUS-guided liver abscess drainage. The indications, techniques, endoprostheses, limitations and complications reported are discussed. A total of seven cases have been described so far in the literature which included patients with failed conventional treatment modalities. The EUS-guided drainage technique involves puncturing the abscess using endosonography to gain access, passing a guidewire followed by tract dilation and placement of an endoprosthesis for drainage. Studies have reported 100% technical and clinical success rates in selected cases. No complications were reported. EUS-guided drainage of liver abscesses can be a safe and effective alternative approach in the management of liver abscesses in selected patients. PMID:24587822

  2. Fat graft-assisted internal auditory canal closure after retrosigmoid transmeatal resection of acoustic neuroma: Technique for prevention of cerebrospinal fluid leakage.

    PubMed

    Azad, Tareq; Mendelson, Zachary S; Wong, Anni; Jyung, Robert W; Liu, James K

    2016-02-01

    The retrosigmoid transmeatal approach remains an important strategy in the surgical management of acoustic neuromas. Gross total resection of acoustic neuromas requires removal of tumor within the cerebellopontine angle as well as tumor involving the internal auditory canal (IAC). Drilling into the petrous bone of the IAC can expose petrous air cells, which can potentially result in a fistulous tract to the nasopharynx manifesting as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. We describe our method of IAC closure using autologous fat graft and assessed the rates of postoperative CSF leakage. We performed a retrospective study of 24 consecutive patients who underwent retrosigmoid transmeatal resection of acoustic neuroma who underwent our method of fat graft-assisted IAC closure. We assessed rates of postoperative CSF leak (incisional leak, rhinorrhea, or otorrhea), pseudomeningocele formation, and occurrence of meningitis. Twenty-four patients (10 males, 14 females) with a mean age of 47 years (range 18-84) underwent fat graft-assisted IAC closure. No lumbar drains were used postoperatively. There were no instances of postoperative CSF leak (incisional leak, rhinorrhea, or otorrhea), pseudomeningocele formation, or occurrence of meningitis. There were no graft site complications. Our results demonstrate that autologous fat grafts provide a safe and effective method of IAC defect closure to prevent postoperative CSF leakage after acoustic tumor removal via a retrosigmoid transmeatal approach. The surgical technique and operative nuances are described.

  3. A Y-shaped vinyl hood that creates pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery (Y-hood method.): a new technique for laparoscopic low anterior resection.

    PubMed

    Fujii, Shoichi; Ota, Mitsuyoshi; Yamagishi, Shigeru; Kunisaki, Chikara; Osada, Shunichi; Suwa, Hirokazu; Ichikawa, Yasushi; Shimada, Hiroshi

    2010-02-01

    Many studies have focused on laparoscopic techniques for the treatment of colon cancer, but such work is more limited for the treatment of rectal cancer, largely because of concerns for safety issues. This report presents an effective method of anal lavage and excision in laparoscopic low anterior resection. The authors developed clamp forceps for intestinal lavage and a Y-shaped vinyl hood that can be operated under pneumoperitoneum for airproof surgery. These devices enabled secure clamping and cleansing of the area and use of automatic suture instruments for open laparotomy through a minilaparotomy wound. The authors called this technique the Y-Hood method and compared its short-term results from May 2005 to October 2008 (n = 28) with those for double-stapling technique surgical cases between September 2000 and October 2008 in which automatic suture instruments were used more than once (n = 107). A multivariate analysis of risk factors for anastomotic leakage also was performed. No difference in background factors such as patient sex, age, and tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging were detected. Anastomotic leakage was found in 12 cases that used multiple stapling for rectal transection (11.2%) and 2 cases that used the Y-Hood (7.1%). The cost for rectectomy was 92,505 yen for multiple stapling and 53,107 yen for the Y-Hood (p < 0.0001). As risk factors for anastomotic leakage, multivariate analysis identified the number of times stapling for rectal transection was performed and the height of the anastomotic region. The Y-Hood method enables operations to be performed within the interior of the pelvis without reducing the number of ports because the instruments can be accessed using minilaparotomy. Because the use of stapling for rectal transection is minimized, this method is effective in avoiding anastomotic leakage and also cost efficient. The Y-Hood method allows for thorough intestinal lavage and safe laparoscopic low anterior resection.

  4. Management of surgical splenorenal shunt-related hepatic myelopathy with endovascular interventional techniques.

    PubMed

    Wang, Mao-Qiang; Liu, Feng-Yong; Duan, Feng

    2012-12-21

    We present a case with hepatic myelopathy (HM) due to a surgical splenorenal shunt that was successfully treated by endovascular interventional techniques. A 39-year-old man presented with progressive spastic paraparesis of his lower limbs 14 mo after a splenorenal shunt. A portal venogram identified a widened patent splenorenal shunt. We used an occlusion balloon catheter initially to occlude the shunt. Further monitoring of the patient revealed a decrease in his serum ammonia level and an improvement in leg strength. We then used an Amplatzer vascular plug (AVP) to enable closure of the shunt. During the follow up period of 7 mo, the patient experienced significant clinical improvement and normalization of blood ammonia, without any complications. Occlusion of a surgically created splenorenal shunt with AVP represents an alternative therapy to surgery or coil embolization that can help to relieve shunt-induced HM symptoms.

  5. An aggressive chondroblastoma of the knee treated with resection arthrodesis and limb lengthening using the Ilizarov technique.

    PubMed

    Tomić, Slavko; Lesić, Aleksandar; Bumbasirević, Marko; Sopta, Jelena; Rakocević, Zoran; Atkinson, Henry D

    2010-07-28

    This case report describes the management of a 15 year old male with a biologically aggressive chondroblastoma of the knee. Following CT, bone scan, angiography and an open biopsy, the diagnosis was confirmed histologically and immunohistochemically. The patient underwent a 13 cm en-bloc excision of the knee, and knee arthrodesis with simultaneous bone transport using an Ilizarov ring fixator. Following 136 days of bone transport, the patient achieved radiological and clinical bony union after a total frame time of 372 days. He then commenced 50% partial weight-bear in a protective knee brace and gradually worked up to full weight-bearing by 4 months. The patient developed superficial pin tract infections around the k-wires on 2 occasions; these settled with a cephalosporin antibiotic spray and local dressings. At 13 years follow-up there are no signs of disease recurrence or failure at the fusion site. The patient is able to fully weight bear and stand independently on the operated leg. Knee arthrodesis with simultaneous limb-lengthening is an effective treatment modality following en-bloc resection of an aggressive chondroblastoma. The case is discussed with reference to the literature.

  6. Efficacy of platelet-rich plasma as a shielding technique after endoscopic mucosal resection in rat and porcine models

    PubMed Central

    Lorenzo-Zúñiga, Vicente; Boix, Jaume; Moreno de Vega, Vicente; Bon, Ignacio; Marín, Ingrid; Bartolí, Ramón

    2016-01-01

    Background and study aims: The aims were to assess the efficacy of endoscopic application of Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to prevent delayed perforation and to induce mucosal healing after endoscopic resections. Patients and methods: Colonic induced lesions were performed in rats (n = 16) and pigs (n = 4). Animals were randomized to receive onto the lesions saline (control) or PRP. Animals underwent endoscopic follow-up. Thermal injury was assessed with a 1 – 4 scale: (1) mucosal necrosis; (2) submucosal necrosis; (3) muscularis propria necrosis; and (4) serosal necrosis Results: Saline treatment showed 50 % of mortality in rats (P = 0.02). Mean ulcerated area after 48 hours and 7 days was significantly smaller with PRP than with saline (0.27 ± 0.02 cm2 and 0.08 ± 0.01 cm2 vs. 0.56 ± 0.1 cm2 and 0.40 ± 0.06 cm2; P < 0.001). The incidence of thermal injury was significantly lower with PRP (1.25 ± 0.46) than in controls (2.25 ± 0.50); P = 0.006. The porcine model showed a trend toward higher mucosal restoration in animals treated with PRP than with saline at weeks 1 and 2 (Median area in cm2: 0.55 and 0.40 vs. 1.32 and 0.79) Conclusions: Application of PRP to colonic mucosal lesions showed strong healing properties in rat and porcine models. PMID:27540573

  7. [Radio-frequency ablation appliance in resection of the liver].

    PubMed

    Fedorov, V D; Vishnevskiĭ, V A; Kubyshkin, V A; Korniak, B S; Ikramov, R Z; Gavrilin, A V; Shchegolev, A I; Sergeeva, O N; Ionkin, D A; Tarasiuk, T I

    2004-01-01

    Pilot experience with "Radionics Cool-Tip RF System" appliance for radio-frequency ablation (RFA) in hepatic resection in the patients with focal lesions of the liver is presented. Advantages of RFA as an alternative method for hemostasis are demonstrated. With this technique bisegmentectomy (II - III) was performed in 4 patients, right-sided hemihepatectomy - in 2 patients. RFA permitted to minimize intraoperative blood loss without increase of surgery time. There were no severe complications during surgery and in early postoperative period. The method permits to perform combined surgeries without a significant increase of surgical risk.

  8. Masseter-to-facial nerve transfer: a highly effective technique for facial reanimation after acoustic neuroma resection.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wei; Yang, Chuan; Li, Qingfeng; Li, Wei; Yang, Xianxian; Zhang, Yi Xin

    2014-09-01

    Masseter-to-facial nerve transfer is a new procedure for patients who acquire a proximal injury to the facial nerve. This article reports that this procedure is effective and associated with minimal morbidities. From November 2010 to February 2013, 16 patients underwent a masseter-to-facial nerve transfer. Their denervation periods varied from 2 to 18 months, with an average of 10.1±4.1 months. Their ages varied from 22 to 70 years, with an average of 34.7±15.4 years. The etiology of denervation was tumor resection in the cerebellopontine angle in all cases. All of the patients were followed up several times. The outcomes of the first follow-up at 3 months postoperatively and the last follow-up at a minimum 12 months postoperatively were documented. Using Terzis' and Metha's scales, the smile outcomes and synkinetic movements as visualized using standardized videos were graded preoperatively and postoperatively. The periods between the operation and the onset of mimetic muscle contraction were documented. A questionnaire was administered to evaluate the donor-site morbidity and the ability to smile without biting. The final outcomes for smile function were as follows: 9 patients (56.3%) had excellent or good function, 5 patients (31.3%) had moderate function, and 2 patients (12.5%) had poor function. There was significant improvement between the preoperative and postoperative time points and between the outcomes at the first and last follow-ups (P<0.05). Additionally, 13 (81.3%) patients had the ability to smile without biting 12 months postoperatively. The onset of muscle motion varied from 56 to 365 days and was positively correlated with age in the group of patients older than 40 years and negatively correlated with the outcome of the first follow-up. Four (25%) patients complained of concavity at the parotideomasseteric region, but none complained of disturbance in food intake. Synkinetic movements were observed in all patients and were rated as mild. The

  9. Radiofrequency-assisted liver resection.

    PubMed

    Delis, Spiros G; Bakoyiannis, Andreas; Tassopoulos, Nikos; Athanasiou, Kostas; Madariaga, Juan; Dervenis, Christos

    2008-08-01

    Surgical resection remains the treatment of choice for primary, secondary liver cancer and a number of benign liver lesions. Complications are mainly related to blood loss. Radiofrequency-assisted liver resection (RF-LR) has been proposed in order to achieve minimal blood loss during parenchymal transection. Between May 2005 and April 2007, 46 consecutive patients with various hepatic lesions underwent RF-LR using Radionics, Cool-Tip System. There were 28 men and 18 women with median age 65 years (range 54-76 years). Twelve major and 34 minor hepatectomies were performed for various diseases: hepatocellular carcinoma (n=19), metastatic carcinoma (n=23), focal nodal hyperplasia (n=2) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) (n=2). Hepatic inflow occlusion was not used. No perioperative death was documented. Median blood loss was 100ml (range 30-300cm(3)). Blood transfusion was required postoperatively in one patient. Median transection time was 35min (15-60min). Three patients developed biliary fistulas, four patients pleural effusions, one patient hyperbilirubinemia, two pneumonia and four wound infection. The median postoperative hospital stay was 6 days (range 4-10 days). In a median 12 month follow-up (range 3-24 months), four patients with colorectal metastases (CRM) and one patient with ICC developed recurrence. Cool-Tip RF device provides a unique, simple and safe method of bloodless liver resections and is indicated in cirrhotic patients with challenging hepatectomies (segment VIII, central resections).

  10. Precise control of caval and hepatic vessels: Surgical technique to treat level III caval thrombus concomitant to renal cell carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Ming; Xu, Bin; Liu, Ning; Jiang, Hua; Wang, Yiduo; Yang, Yu; Zhang, Xiaowen; Sun, Chao; Liu, Jing; Zhu, Weidong; Chen, Shuqiu

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: We investigated the surgical techniques, safety, and prevention of complications of nephrectomy and removal of tumour thrombus for treating level III inferior vena cava (IVC) concomitant to renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We did this by precise controlling IVC and hepatic vessels without a vascular bypass. Methods: In this series, we included 5 patients with level III IVC tumour thrombus below the hepatic vein concomitant to RCC. After precisely controlling the IVC and hepatic vessels, we then removed the thrombus en bloc with the renal vein. Blood loss volume, IVC clamping time, hypotension time, resuscitation, cardiocerebrovascular complications, and postoperative organ dysfunction were observed. Results: Surgery was successfully performed without perioperative death. Blood loss volume was 900 to 1500 mL, operation time was 165 to 250 minutes, vascular clamping time was 8 to 12 minutes, and intraoperative hypotension time was 9 to 12 minutes. Serious perioperative complications were not observed. Local recurrence was not observed during the 9 to 24 months of follow-up. One patient exhibited disease-free survival, 3 developed lung or liver metastasis, and 1 died 11 months after surgery. Conclusion: Precise control of IVC and hepatic pedicle vessels, without vascular bypass, is a safe and effective surgical treatment for level III tumor thrombus below the hepatic vein concomitant to RCC. The procedure was conducted without increased risks of intraoperative hypotensive shock, difficult resuscitation, pulmonary embolism, and multiple organ dysfunctions. PMID:26600890

  11. Novel Totally Laparoscopic Endolumenal Rectal Resection With Transanal Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction (NOSE) Without Rectal Stump Opening: A Modification of Our Recently Published Clean Surgical Technique in a Porcine Model.

    PubMed

    Kvasha, Anton; Hadary, Amram; Biswas, Seema; Szvalb, Sergio; Willenz, Udi; Waksman, Igor

    2015-06-01

    Our group has recently described a novel technique for clean endolumenal bowel resection, in which abdominal and transanal approaches were used. In the current study, 2 modifications of this procedure were tested for feasibility in a porcine model. A laparoscopic approach to the peritoneal cavity was employed in rectal mobilization; this was followed by a transanal rectorectal intussusception and pull-through (IPT). IPT was established in a stepwise fashion. First, the proximal margin of resection was attached to the shaft of the anvil of an end-to-end circular stapler with a ligature around the rectum. Second, this complex was pulled transanally to produce IPT. Once IPT was established, a second ligature was placed around the rectum approximating the proximal and distal resection margins. This was followed by a purse string suture through 2 bowel walls, encircling the shaft of the anvil just proximal to the ligatures. The specimen was resected and extracted by making a full-thickness incision through the 2 bowel walls distal to the previously placed purse string suture and ligatures. The anastomosis was achieved by applying the stapler. The technique was found to be feasible. Peritoneal samples, collected after transanal specimen extraction, did not demonstrate bacterial growth. Although, this is a novel and evolving procedure, its minimally invasive nature, as well as aseptic bowel manipulation during endolumenal rectal resection, has the potential to limit the complications associated with abdominal wall incision and surgical site infection.

  12. Surgical outcomes of laparoscopic versus open liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma for various resection extent

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Junhua; Li, Hongyu; Liu, Fei; Li, Bo; Wei, Yonggang

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Although the number of laparoscopic liver resections (LRRs) has increased, studies of surgical outcomes in comparison with the conventional open approach are limited. The purpose of this study was to analyze the surgical outcomes (safety and efficacy) of LLR versus open liver resection (OLR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We collected data on all patients who received liver resection for HCC between April 2015 and September 2016 in our institution, and retrospectively investigated the demographic and perioperative data, and also surgical outcomes. Laparoscopic liver resection was performed in 225 patients and OLR in 291. In patients who underwent minor hepatectomy, LLR associated with a shorter duration of operation time (200 vs 220 minutes; P < 0.001), less blood loss (100 vs 225 mL; P < 0.001), lower transfusion rate (3.0% vs 12.0%; P = 0.012), and shorter postoperative hospital stay (6 vs 7 days; P < 0.001) compared with OLR. Dietary recovery was relatively fast in the group of LLR, but there were no significant differences in hepatic inflow occlusion rate, complication rate, and transfusion volume. Patients who received major hepatectomy had a longer duration of operation (240 vs 230 minutes; P < 0.001), less blood loss (200 vs 400 mL; P < 0.001), lower transfusion rate (4.8% vs 16.5%; P = 0.002), lower hepatic inflow occlusion rate (68.3% vs 91.7%; P < 0.001), and shorter postoperative hospital stay (6 vs 8 days; P < 0.001). Complication rate (P = 0.366) and transfusion volume (P = 0.308) did not differ between groups. Laparoscopic liver resection is a feasible and safe alternative to OLR for HCC when performed by a surgeon experienced with the relevant surgical techniques, associated with less blood loss, lower transfusion rate, a rapid return to a normal diet, and shorter postoperative hospital stay with no compromise in complications. Further, long-term follow-up should be acquired for

  13. Visualizing the hepatic vascular architecture using superb microvascular imaging in patients with hepatitis C virus: A novel technique.

    PubMed

    Kuroda, Hidekatsu; Abe, Tamami; Kakisaka, Keisuke; Fujiwara, Yudai; Yoshida, Yuichi; Miyasaka, Akio; Ishida, Kazuyuki; Ishida, Hideaki; Sugai, Tamotsu; Takikawa, Yasuhiro

    2016-07-14

    To identify the hepatic vascular architecture of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) using superb microvascular imaging (SMI) and investigate the use of SMI in the evaluation of liver fibrosis. SMI was performed in 100 HCV patients. SMI images were classified into five types according to the vascular pattern, and these patterns were compared with the fibrosis stage. Moreover, the images were analyzed to examine vascularity by integrating the number of SMI signals in the region of interest ROI [number of vascular trees (VT)]. The number of VT, fibrosis stage, serum parameters of liver function, and CD34 expression were investigated. There was a significant difference between SMI distribution pattern and fibrosis stage (P < 0.001). The mean VT values in each of the fibrosis stages were as follows: 26.69 ± 7.08 in F0, 27.72 ± 9.32 in F1, 36.74 ± 9.23 in F2, 37.36 ± 5.32 in F3, and 58.14 ± 14.08 in F4. The VT showed excellent diagnostic ability for F4 [area under the receiver operator characteristic (AUROC): 0.911]. The VT was significantly correlated with the CD34 labeling index (r = 0.617, P < 0.0001). SMI permitted the detailed delineation of the vascular architecture in chronic liver disease. SMI appears to be a reliable tool for noninvasively detecting significant fibrosis or cirrhosis in HCV patients.

  14. Visualizing the hepatic vascular architecture using superb microvascular imaging in patients with hepatitis C virus: A novel technique

    PubMed Central

    Kuroda, Hidekatsu; Abe, Tamami; Kakisaka, Keisuke; Fujiwara, Yudai; Yoshida, Yuichi; Miyasaka, Akio; Ishida, Kazuyuki; Ishida, Hideaki; Sugai, Tamotsu; Takikawa, Yasuhiro

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To identify the hepatic vascular architecture of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) using superb microvascular imaging (SMI) and investigate the use of SMI in the evaluation of liver fibrosis. METHODS: SMI was performed in 100 HCV patients. SMI images were classified into five types according to the vascular pattern, and these patterns were compared with the fibrosis stage. Moreover, the images were analyzed to examine vascularity by integrating the number of SMI signals in the region of interest ROI [number of vascular trees (VT)]. The number of VT, fibrosis stage, serum parameters of liver function, and CD34 expression were investigated. RESULTS: There was a significant difference between SMI distribution pattern and fibrosis stage (P < 0.001). The mean VT values in each of the fibrosis stages were as follows: 26.69 ± 7.08 in F0, 27.72 ± 9.32 in F1, 36.74 ± 9.23 in F2, 37.36 ± 5.32 in F3, and 58.14 ± 14.08 in F4. The VT showed excellent diagnostic ability for F4 [area under the receiver operator characteristic (AUROC): 0.911]. The VT was significantly correlated with the CD34 labeling index (r = 0.617, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: SMI permitted the detailed delineation of the vascular architecture in chronic liver disease. SMI appears to be a reliable tool for noninvasively detecting significant fibrosis or cirrhosis in HCV patients. PMID:27468197

  15. From interventional radiology to laparoscopic liver resection as complementary strategies in the treatment of hepatic abscess caused by ingested foreign bodies.

    PubMed

    Riani, Eliano Bonaccorsi; Tancredi, Ilario; Sempoux, Christine; Hubert, Catherine; Goffette, Pierre; Gigots, Jean-François

    2012-01-01

    Hepatic abscess from orally ingested foreign bodies are uncommon. We report here two cases of such a condition treated by foreign body extraction by interventional radiology in one patient and by laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy after failure of a percutaneous radiological approach in the second. Postoperative course was uneventful and after a clinical follow-up of 11 and 12 months, respectively, both patients were free of symptoms.

  16. Kinematic resection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shevlin, Fergal P.

    1995-01-01

    A new geometric formulation is given for the problem of determining position and orientation of a satellite scanner from error-prone ground control point observations in linear pushbroom imagery. The pushbroom satellite resection problem is significantly more complicated than that of the conventional frame camera because of irregular platform motion throughout the image capture period. Enough ephemeris data are typically available to reconstruct satellite trajectory and hence the interior orientation of the pushbroom imagery. The new approach to resection relies on the use of reconstructed scanner interior orientation to determine the relative orientations of a bundle of image rays. The absolute position and orientation which allows this bundle to minimize its distance from a corresponding set of ground control points may then be found. The interior orientation is represented as a kinematic chain of screw motions, implemented as dual-number quaternions. The motor algebra is used in the analysis since it provides a means of line, point, and motion manipulation. Its moment operator provides a metric of distance between the image ray and the ground control point.

  17. Development of an Electrochemical Sensing Technique for Rapid Genotyping of Hepatitis B Virus

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Jinyuan; Weng, Shaohuang; Chen, Qingqiong; Liu, Ailin; Wang, Fengqing; Chen, Jing; Yi, Qiang; Liu, Qicai; Lin, Xinhua

    2014-01-01

    Objective To develop a convenient; sensitive; accurate; and economical technique for genotyping of hepatitis B viruses (HBVs). Methods The mercapto-modified B1; B2; C1; and C2-specific genotyping probes consisted of two probes for each HBV genotype that served as a double verification system. These probes were fixed on the surface of No. 1; 2; 3; and 4 gold electrodes; respectively; via Au-S bonds. Different charge generated by the binding of RuHex to phosphate groups of the DNA backbone before and after hybridization was used for distinguishing the different genotypes. Results During hybridization with genotype B; the charges detected at the No. 1 and 2 electrodes were significantly increased; while the charge at the No. 3 and 4 electrodes did not change significantly. During hybridization with genotype C; the charges detected at No. 3 and 4 electrodes were significantly increased; while the signals remained unchanged at the No. 1 and 2 electrodes. During hybridization with mixed genotypes (B and C); the charges detected at all four electrodes were significantly increased. The linear range of detection was 10−7 to 10−10 mol/L and the sensitivity for detecting mixed B (10%) or C (10%). Conclusions Rapid genotyping of HBVs based on electrochemical sensing is simple, has good specificity; and can greatly reduce the cost. This method can be used for sensitive detection of mixed B and C HBV genotypes. PMID:24658623

  18. Techniques and short-term outcomes for total minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophageal resection in distal esophageal and gastroesophageal junction cancers: pooled data from six European centers.

    PubMed

    Straatman, Jennifer; van der Wielen, Nicole; Nieuwenhuijzen, Grard A P; Rosman, Camiel; Roig, Josep; Scheepers, Joris J G; Cuesta, Miguel A; Luyer, Misha D P; van Berge Henegouwen, Mark I; van Workum, Frans; Gisbertz, Suzanne S; van der Peet, Donald L

    2017-01-01

    Esophagectomy for cancer can be performed in a two-stage procedure with an intrathoracic anastomosis: the Ivor Lewis esophagectomy. A growing incidence of distal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinomas and increasing use of minimally invasive techniques have prompted interest in this procedure. The aim of this study was to assess short-term results of minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy (MIE-IL). A retrospective cohort study was performed from June 2007 until September 2014, including patients that underwent MIE-IL for distal esophageal and gastroesophageal junction cancer in six different hospitals in the Netherlands and Spain. Data were collected with regard to operative techniques, pathology and postoperative complications. In total, 282 patients underwent MIE-IL, of which 90.2 % received neoadjuvant therapy. Anastomotic leakage was observed in 43 patients (15.2 %), of whom 13 patients (4.6 %) had empyema, necessitating thoracotomy for decortication. With an aggressive treatment of complications, the 30-day and in-hospital mortality rate was 2.1 %. An R0-resection was obtained in 92.5 % of the patients. After neoadjuvant therapy, 20.1 % of patients had a complete response. Minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy for distal esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinomas is an upcoming approach for reducing morbidity caused by laparotomy and thoracotomy. Anastomotic leakage rate is still high possibly due to technical diversity of anastomotic techniques, and a high percentage of patients treated by neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. An aggressive approach to complications leads to a low mortality of 2.1 %. Further improvement and standardization in the anastomotic technique are needed in order to perform a safe intrathoracic anastomosis.

  19. Complications of thermal ablation of hepatic tumours: comparison of radiofrequency and microwave ablative techniques.

    PubMed

    Ding, J; Jing, X; Liu, J; Wang, Y; Wang, F; Wang, Y; Du, Z

    2013-06-01

    To investigate the common complications of thermal ablation of liver tumours using both radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) techniques, and to compare the safety of these two procedures. This retrospective study protocol was approved by the institution's ethics committee to allow investigators to review existing patient medical records. A total of 879 patients with hepatic tumours underwent thermal ablation; 323 patients underwent RFA and 556 underwent MWA. The complications of the RFA and MWA techniques were compared. A total of 1030 thermal ablation sessions was performed in 879 patients with a total of 1652 tumours. Three hundred and twenty-three patients with 562 tumours received a total of 376 RFA sessions with an average of 1.16 ± 0.48 sessions per patient. The other 556 patients with 1090 tumours received a total of 654 MWA with an average 1.18 ± 0.51 sessions per patient. The mortality rates were 0.31% (1/323) and 0.36% (2/556) in RFA and MWA group. In RFA and MWA group, the major complication rates were 3.5% (13/376) and 3.1% (20/654), meanwhile the minor complication rates were 5.9% (22/376) and 5.7% (37/654). There was no statistically significant difference in the mortality rates, major complications, and minor complications between the RFA and MWA groups (p > 0.05). Thermal ablation therapy in the treatment of liver cancers is relatively safe with low mortality and a low incidence of serious complications. The types and incidences of complications caused by RFA and MWA are similar and comparable for safety consideration in clinical settings. Copyright © 2013 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Skull reconstruction after resection of bone tumors in a single surgical time by the association of the techniques of rapid prototyping and surgical navigation.

    PubMed

    Anchieta, M V M; Salles, F A; Cassaro, B D; Quaresma, M M; Santos, B F O

    2016-10-01

    Presentation of a new cranioplasty technique employing a combination of two technologies: rapid prototyping and surgical navigation. This technique allows the reconstruction of the skull cap after the resection of a bone tumor in a single surgical time. The neurosurgeon plans the craniotomy previously on the EximiusMed software, compatible with the Eximius Surgical Navigator, both from the company Artis Tecnologia (Brazil). The navigator imports the planning and guides the surgeon during the craniotomy. The simulation of the bone fault allows the virtual reconstruction of the skull cap and the production of a personalized modelling mold using the Magics-Materialise (Belgium)-software. The mold and a replica of the bone fault are made by rapid prototyping by the company Artis Tecnologia (Brazil) and shipped under sterile conditions to the surgical center. The PMMA prosthesis is produced during the surgical act with the help of a hand press. The total time necessary for the planning and production of the modelling mold is four days. The precision of the mold is submillimetric and accurately reproduces the virtual reconstruction of the prosthesis. The production of the prosthesis during surgery takes until twenty minutes depending on the type of PMMA used. The modelling mold avoids contraction and dissipates the heat generated by the material's exothermic reaction in the polymerization phase. The craniectomy is performed with precision over the drawing made with the help of the Eximius Surgical Navigator, according to the planned measurements. The replica of the bone fault serves to evaluate the adaptation of the prosthesis as a support for the perforations and the placement of screws and fixation plates, as per the surgeon's discretion. This technique allows the adequate oncologic treatment associated with a satisfactory aesthetic result, with precision, in a single surgical time, reducing time and costs.

  1. The use of virtual reality for the functional simulation of hepatic tumors (case control study).

    PubMed

    Chen, Gang; Li, Xue-cheng; Wu, Guo-qing; Wang, Yi; Fang, Bin; Xiong, Xiao-feng; Yang, Ri-gao; Tan, Li-wen; Zhang, Shao-xiang; Dong, Jia-hong

    2010-01-01

    To develop a technique for converting computed tomography (CT) data into a fully three-dimensional (3D) virtual reality (VR) environment. Preoperative simulation in 3D VR facilitates liver resection owing to the ability to view the tumor and its relative vessels. 3D-reconstruction of the liver was restored from spiral CT data by using LiVirtue software and the Dextrobeam (Volume Interactions Pte Ltd, Singapore) was applied to view this 3D model in the VR environment. In order to design a rational plan of operation, the liver and its anatomic structure were reconstructed to illuminate the location of the tumor and its related vessels. In our series of 38 hepatic resections, there was no significant difference between preoperatively calculated volumes of virtual resection part and actual volumes of resected specimen's weight. The LiVirtue can provide accurate and rapid results of individual hepatic volume and the character of anatomy structures. These models can be viewed and manipulated in the VR environment and on a personal computer. This preoperative simulation allowed surgeons to dissect the liver with reduced complications. Preoperative planning and intra-operative navigation based on this technique ensured the safety of liver resection. 3D models of the liver and its detailed structure articulate the possibility of intricate liver resection and the risk of the operation. This preoperative estimation from a 3D model of the liver benefits complicated liver resections greatly. Copyright 2009 Surgical Associates Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Initial experience of surgical microwave tissue precoagulation in liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic liver.

    PubMed

    Abdelraouf, A; Hamdy, H; El Erian, A M; Elsebae, M; Taha, S; Elshafey, H E; Ismail, S; Hassany, M

    2014-08-01

    Surgical hepatic resection has been considered as the first-line treatment which is most effective and radical treatment for HCC, however, HCC is usually associated with poor liver function owing to chronic hepatitis or liver cirrhosis. Techniques that can eradicate the tumor and also preserve liver function are needed. Moreover, hepatic resection, in the presence of cirrhosis, raises special problem of high risk as hemorrhage and liver failure, thus, good clinical results can only be achieved by minimizing operative blood loss, time of the intervention as well as the hepatic reserve. The tremendous progress in microwave technology has recently attracted considerable attention. This study evaluated the feasibility of this new liver transection technique demonstrating the high performance of this procedure, the accuracy in terms of squeeze effect on veins and portal branch and in terms of reducing the intra operative blood loss, and minimizing the operative time for safe hepatectomy. Twenty-six consecutive patients a first-time diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on top of liver cirrhosis were recruited for the study, from August 2011 to January 2013. All patients were subjected to full clinical examination, laboratory investigations, abdomen ultrasound (U/S), triphasic computed tomographic liver scan (CT) and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in some doubtful cases. Inclusion requirements were presence of resectable disease without vascular invasion or extrahepatic spread at imaging, Child-Pugh class A & B (Score 7) liver cirrhosis, (INR) < 1.6 or platelet count) 60 000/mm3 with no previous treatment. Patients were treated by applying pre-coagulation of the liver transection lines using microwave probe positioned in parallel to the line of resection by open approach after intra-operative U/S assessment for localization of the tumor and line of resection. The procedures were performed under general anesthesia. Mobilization of the liver was not

  3. [Long-term clinical study of thulium laser resection of prostate-tangerine technique in the treatment of begin prostatic hyperplasia].

    PubMed

    Sun, Feng; Cui, Di; Wei, Hai-bin; Zhuo, Jian; Han, Bang-min; Zhao, Fu-jun; Sun, Xiao-wen; Xia, Shu-jie

    2013-12-24

    To evaluate the long-term efficacies and complications of thulium laser resection of prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). From November 2004 to December 2009, a total of 348 BPH patients undergoing TmLRP-TT at our hospital were evaluated retrospectively for long-term efficacies and complications. The follow-up data included international prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality of life score (QOL), maximum urinary flow (Qmax) and post void urinary residual (PVR). After 4 years, IPSS decreased 70% (22.7 ± 7.7 vs 6.8 ± 5.1) , QOL decreased 65% (4.3 ± 0.7 vs 1.5 ± 1.0), Qmax increased 212% (6.0 ± 2.6 ml/s vs 18.7 ± 4.6 ml/s) and PVR decreased 83% (104.7 ± 34.3 ml vs 17.7 ± 10.7 ml). Cumulative incidences of long-term complications was 6.0% (n = 21), including a second TmLRP-TT due to BPH recurrence (n = 4, 1.2%), urethral stricture (n = 8, 2.3%) and bladder neck contracture (n = 9, 2.6%). Overall, 93% were satisfied with surgical outcomes. TmLRP-TT has excellent efficacies with a low rate of long-term complications. Most patients are satisfied with surgical outcomes.

  4. A case of gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland type resected by combination of laparoscopic and endoscopic approaches to neoplasia with non-exposure technique (CLEAN-NET).

    PubMed

    Kato, Motohiko; Uraoka, Toshio; Isobe, Yoh; Abe, Keiichiro; Hirata, Tetsu; Takada, Yoshiaki; Wada, Michiko; Takatori, Yusaku; Takabayashi, Kaoru; Fujiyama, Yoichi; Sekiya, Kousuke; Kawaguchi, Yoshiki; Sukeda, Aoi; Shiraishi, Junichi

    2015-12-01

    A male in his eighties attended our hospital for further evaluation of gastric cancer. A gastroscopy revealed a whitish flat elevated lesion (Paris, 0-IIa) of 15 mm in diameter on the greater curvature of the proximal fornix. The preoperative diagnosis was intra-mucosal differentiated gastric cancer, and a novel therapeutic approach, combination of laparoscopic and endoscopic approaches to neoplasia with non-exposure technique (CLEAN-NET) was applied and the lesion was resected in a single piece without any complications. Histopathological findings revealed atypical glandular epithelium proliferated in the mucosa and shallow layer (300 μm) of submucosa. These cells stained positive for pepsinogen-I and the final diagnosis was gastric cancer of fundic gland type (GAFT). There was no lymph-vascular involvement and free horizontal and vertical margins were confirmed. CLEAN-NET could be a therapeutic option for GAFT at low risk of lymph node metastasis because it prevents excess wall defect and exposure of cancer cells into the peritoneal cavity.

  5. Quantifying the improvement of surrogate indices of hepatic insulin resistance using complex measurement techniques.

    PubMed

    Hattersley, John G; Möhlig, Matthias; Roden, Michael; Arafat, Ayman M; Loeffelholz, Christian V; Nowotny, Peter; Machann, Jürgen; Hierholzer, Johannes; Osterhoff, Martin; Khan, Michael; Pfeiffer, Andreas F H; Weickert, Martin O

    2012-01-01

    We evaluated the ability of simple and complex surrogate-indices to identify individuals from an overweight/obese cohort with hepatic insulin-resistance (HEP-IR). Five indices, one previously defined and four newly generated through step-wise linear regression, were created against a single-cohort sample of 77 extensively characterised participants with the metabolic syndrome (age 55.6 ± 1.0 years, BMI 31.5 ± 0.4 kg/m(2); 30 males). HEP-IR was defined by measuring endogenous-glucose-production (EGP) with [6-6(2)H(2)] glucose during fasting and euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamps and expressed as EGP*fasting plasma insulin. Complex measures were incorporated into the model, including various non-standard biomarkers and the measurement of body-fat distribution and liver-fat, to further improve the predictive capability of the index. Validation was performed against a data set of the same subjects after an isoenergetic dietary intervention (4 arms, diets varying in protein and fiber content versus control). All five indices produced comparable prediction of HEP-IR, explaining 39-56% of the variance, depending on regression variable combination. The validation of the regression equations showed little variation between the different proposed indices (r(2) = 27-32%) on a matched dataset. New complex indices encompassing advanced measurement techniques offered an improved correlation (r = 0.75, P<0.001). However, when validated against the alternative dataset all indices performed comparably with the standard homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (r = 0.54, P<0.001). Thus, simple estimates of HEP-IR performed comparable to more complex indices and could be an efficient and cost effective approach in large epidemiological investigations.

  6. Two-micrometer thulium laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy.

    PubMed

    Zhuo, Jian; Wei, Hai-Bin; Zhang, Fei; Liu, Hai-Tao; Zhao, Fu-Jun; Han, Bang-Min; Sun, Xiao-Wen; Xia, Shu-Jie

    2017-01-01

    The 2-μm thulium laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) has been introduced as a minimally invasive treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This study was undertaken to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of TmLRP-TT for the treatment of BPH patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy. A prospective analysis of 51 patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy who underwent surgical treatment using TmLRP-TT was performed from December 2011 to December 2013. Preoperative status, surgical details, and perioperative complications were recorded. The follow-up outcome was evaluated with subjective and objective tests at 1 and 6 months. TmLRP-TT was successfully completed in all patients. Mean prostate volume, operative duration, and catheterization time were 93.3 ± 37.9 ml, 69.5 ± 39.5 min, and 6.5 ± 1.3 days, respectively. The mean International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life score, maximum urinary flow rate, and post-void residual urine volume changed notably at 6-month follow-up (22.5 ± 6.9 vs 6.1 ± 3.2, 4.8 ± 1.3 vs 1.1 ± 0.9, 7.3 ± 4.5 vs 18.9 ± 7.1 ml s-1 , and 148.7 ± 168.7 vs 28.4 ± 17.9 ml). Two (3.9%) patients required blood transfusion perioperatively, while 3 (5.9%) patients experienced transient hematuria postoperatively, and 2 (3.9%) patients received 3 days recatheterization due to clot retention. TmLRP-TT is a safe and effective minimally invasive technique for patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy during the 6-month follow-up. This promising technology may be a feasible surgical method for previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy in the future.

  7. Two-micrometer thulium laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Zhuo, Jian; Wei, Hai-Bin; Zhang, Fei; Liu, Hai-Tao; Zhao, Fu-Jun; Han, Bang-Min; Sun, Xiao-Wen; Jun-Lu; Xia, Shu-Jie

    2017-01-01

    The 2-μm thulium laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) has been introduced as a minimally invasive treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This study was undertaken to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of TmLRP-TT for the treatment of BPH patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy. A prospective analysis of 51 patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy who underwent surgical treatment using TmLRP-TT was performed from December 2011 to December 2013. Preoperative status, surgical details, and perioperative complications were recorded. The follow-up outcome was evaluated with subjective and objective tests at 1 and 6 months. TmLRP-TT was successfully completed in all patients. Mean prostate volume, operative duration, and catheterization time were 93.3 ± 37.9 ml, 69.5 ± 39.5 min, and 6.5 ± 1.3 days, respectively. The mean International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life score, maximum urinary flow rate, and post-void residual urine volume changed notably at 6-month follow-up (22.5 ± 6.9 vs 6.1 ± 3.2, 4.8 ± 1.3 vs 1.1 ± 0.9, 7.3 ± 4.5 vs 18.9 ± 7.1 ml s−1, and 148.7 ± 168.7 vs 28.4 ± 17.9 ml). Two (3.9%) patients required blood transfusion perioperatively, while 3 (5.9%) patients experienced transient hematuria postoperatively, and 2 (3.9%) patients received 3 days recatheterization due to clot retention. TmLRP-TT is a safe and effective minimally invasive technique for patients with previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy during the 6-month follow-up. This promising technology may be a feasible surgical method for previously negative transrectal prostate biopsy in the future. PMID:26732107

  8. Ketamine does not inhibit interleukin-6 synthesis in hepatic resections requiring a temporary porto-arterial occlusion (Pringle manoeuvre): a controlled, prospective, randomized, double-blinded study

    PubMed Central

    Bonofiglio, Francisco Carlos; Molmenti, Ernesto P; de Santibañes, Eduardo

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Previous studies have shown that interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels correlated with mortality in critically ill patients. Goal To determine the effect of ketamine on IL-6 levels in liver resections patients with a temporary porto-arterial occlusion (Pringle manoeuvre). Materials and methods Controlled, prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. One group (n = 21) received ketamine whereas the other group (n = 17) received placebo. IL-6 levels were obtained at baseline, 4, 12, 24 h, 3 and 5 days. Results There were no significant differences in IL-6 levels between the groups (basal P = 089, 4 h P = 0.83, 12 h P = 0.39, 24 h, P = 0.55, 3 days P = 0.80 and 5 days P = 0.45). Both groups had elevated IL-6 levels that became almost undetectable by day 5. There was no major morbidity and no mortality in either group. Conclusions Ketamine does not seem to have an effect on plasma levels of IL-6. This could be interpreted as a potential finding associated with outcome as we did not encounter any deaths or major complications. Further studies will likely be needed to determine the range of IL-6 levels associated with survival and mortality, and whether it could be a predictor of survival. PMID:21929671

  9. Resection Interposition Arthroplasty for Failed Distal Ulna Resections

    PubMed Central

    Papatheodorou, Loukia K.; Rubright, James H.; Kokkalis, Zinon T.; Sotereanos, Dean G.

    2013-01-01

    The major complications of distal ulna resection, the Darrach procedure, are radioulnar impingement and instability. High failure rates have been reported despite published modifications of the Darrach procedure. Several surgical techniques have been developed to treat this difficult problem and to mitigate the symptoms associated with painful convergence and impingement. No technique has demonstrated clinical superiority. Recently, implant arthroplasty of the distal ulna has been endorsed as an option for the management of the symptomatic patient with a failed distal ulna resection. However, there are concerns for implant longevity, especially in young, active adults. Resection interposition arthroplasty relies on interposition of an Achilles tendon allograft between the distal radius and the resected distal ulna. Although this technique does not restore normal mechanics of the distal radioulnar joint, it can prevent painful convergence of the radius on the ulna. Achilles allograft interposition arthroplasty is a safe and highly effective alternative for failed distal ulna resections, especially for young, active patients, in whom an implant or alternative procedure may not be appropriate. PMID:24436784

  10. Endoscopic full-thickness resection: Current status

    PubMed Central

    Schmidt, Arthur; Meier, Benjamin; Caca, Karel

    2015-01-01

    Conventional endoscopic resection techniques such as endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection are powerful tools for treatment of gastrointestinal neoplasms. However, those techniques are restricted to superficial layers of the gastrointestinal wall. Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) is an evolving technique, which is just about to enter clinical routine. It is not only a powerful tool for diagnostic tissue acquisition but also has the potential to spare surgical therapy in selected patients. This review will give an overview about current EFTR techniques and devices. PMID:26309354

  11. An inexpensive and worldwide available digital image analysis technique for histological fibrosis quantification in chronic hepatitis C.

    PubMed

    Campos, C F F; Paiva, D D; Perazzo, H; Moreira, P S; Areco, L F F; Terra, C; Perez, R; Figueiredo, F A F

    2014-03-01

    Hepatic fibrosis staging is based on semiquantitative scores. Digital imaging analysis (DIA) appears more accurate because fibrosis is quantified in a continuous scale. However, high cost, lack of standardization and worldwide unavailability restrict its use in clinical practice. We developed an inexpensive and widely available DIA technique for fibrosis quantification in hepatitis C, and here, we evaluate its reproducibility and correlation with semiquantitative scores, and determine the fibrosis percentage associated with septal fibrosis and cirrhosis. 282 needle biopsies staged by Ishak and METAVIR scores were included. Images of trichrome-stained sections were captured and processed using Adobe(®) Photoshop(®) CS3 and Adobe(®) Bridge(®) softwares. The percentage of fibrosis (fibrosis index) was determined by the ratio between the fibrosis area and the total sample area, expressed in pixels calculated in an automated way. An excellent correlation between DIA fibrosis index and Ishak and METAVIR scores was observed (Spearman's r = 0.95 and 0.92; P < 0.001, respectively). Excellent intra-observer reproducibility was observed in a randomly chosen subset of 39 biopsies with an intraclass correlation index of 0.99 (95% CI, 0.95-0.99). The best cut-offs associated with septal fibrosis and cirrhosis were 6% (AUROC 0.97, 95% CI, 0.95-0.99) and 27% (AUROC 1.0, 95% CI, 0.99-1), respectively. This new DIA technique had high correlation with semiquantitative scores in hepatitis C. This method is reproducible, inexpensive and available worldwide allowing its use in clinical practice. The incorporation of DIA technique provides a more complete evaluation of fibrosis adding the quantification to architectural patterns. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Expanded eggshell procedure combined with closing-opening technique (a modified vertebral column resection) for the treatment of thoracic and thoracolumbar angular kyphosis.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xinyu; Yuan, Suomao; Tian, Yonghao; Wang, Lianlei; Zheng, Yanping; Li, Jianmin

    2015-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a modified vertebral column resection for the treatment of thoracolumbar angular kyphosis. A total of 13 patients (8 male, 5 female) with thoracolumbar kyphosis (kyphotic angle > 60°) were included in this study (Group A). There were 3 patients with failure of spinal formation (Type 1 deformity), 6 patients with old thoracic or lumbar compression fracture, and 4 patients with old spinal tuberculosis (including 1 case of T3-5 vertebral malunion). The average preoperative kyphotic angle was 67.3° (range 62°-75°). Each patient underwent an expanded eggshell procedure combined with the closing-opening technique for the treatment of thoracolumbar angular kyphosis. Sixteen patients who were previously treated with a closing-opening wedge osteotomy in the same spine classification group (kyphotic angle > 60°) were used as a control group (Group B). In Group A, the average (± SD) operative time was 400 ± 60 minutes, and the average blood loss was 960 ± 120 ml. There were no surgery-related complications observed during or after the operations. The average local kyphotic angle was 20.3° (range 18°-24.5°), and the average correction rate was 68.7%. In Group B, the average operative time was 470 ± 90 minutes, and the average blood loss was 2600 ± 1600 ml (range 1200-8200 ml). There were segmental vessels and spinal canal venous plexus injury in 1 case, spinal cord injury in 1 case, dural tearing in 2 cases, pleural rupture in 2 cases, and hemothorax and pneumothorax in 1 case. Each patient had more than 2 years of follow-up. At the latest follow-up examination, the average regional kyphotic angle was 19.9° ± 9.1° (range 19°-34°), and there was no significant loss of correction (p > 0.05). There was greater blood loss and a higher complication rate in Group B than in Group A (p < 0.05). An expanded eggshell procedure combined with the closing-opening technique for the treatment of thoracolumbar

  13. Image-guided multilevel vertebral osteotomies for en bloc resection of giant cell tumor of the thoracic spine: case report and description of operative technique.

    PubMed

    Smitherman, Sheila M; Tatsui, Claudio E; Rao, Ganesh; Walsh, Garrett; Rhines, Laurence D

    2010-06-01

    The use of frameless stereotactic navigation is gaining popularity in spinal surgery. Although initially used in the spine for placement of lumbar pedicle screws, this technology has expanded to facilitate placement of spinal instrumentation at virtually all spinal levels. While previous reports have described the utility of image guidance for placement of spinal instrumentation, its use in assisting with resection of complex spine tumors has not been extensively reported. Here we describe the use of frameless stereotaxy to guide a complex, four-level sagittal vertebral osteotomy for en bloc resection of a giant cell tumor involving the chest wall and thoracic spine.

  14. Image-guided multilevel vertebral osteotomies for en bloc resection of giant cell tumor of the thoracic spine: case report and description of operative technique

    PubMed Central

    Smitherman, Sheila M.; Tatsui, Claudio E.; Rao, Ganesh; Walsh, Garrett

    2010-01-01

    The use of frameless stereotactic navigation is gaining popularity in spinal surgery. Although initially used in the spine for placement of lumbar pedicle screws, this technology has expanded to facilitate placement of spinal instrumentation at virtually all spinal levels. While previous reports have described the utility of image guidance for placement of spinal instrumentation, its use in assisting with resection of complex spine tumors has not been extensively reported. Here we describe the use of frameless stereotaxy to guide a complex, four-level sagittal vertebral osteotomy for en bloc resection of a giant cell tumor involving the chest wall and thoracic spine. PMID:20069317

  15. Ray resection in paediatric population.

    PubMed

    Martínez-Álvarez, S; Maldonado-Morillo, A; Vara-Patudo, I; Martínez-González, C; Miranda-Gorozarri, C

    Evaluation of clinical and functional outcome of ray resection in paediatric population and description of key aspects of surgical technique. We performed a retrospective review of all patients undergoing surgery between 2010-2015. one or more ray resections of the hand and a minimum of one year follow-up. Evaluation of clinical characteristics, functional and cosmetic results, complications, need for psychological support and patient or family satisfaction. Four patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean age at surgery was 5 years (range, 1-14 years). Aetiology was: fibrolipomatous hamartoma, traumatic amputation, radial deficiency and complex syndactyly. Second ray was resected in three patients and third and fourth ray in one. No finger transfer was performed. No immediate post-operative complications were found at the final evaluation. None of them needed psychological support. All the patients showed excellent clinical and functional results with a high grade of satisfaction. Ray resection of the hand has been used as salvage procedure in patients with vascular lesions, tumours, trauma, infections or congenital malformations. There are only a few published studies including small samples in adults or case reports, with no references in the paediatric population. Ray resection of the hand is a useful and safe technique in paediatric population, obtaining excellent cosmetic and functional results in those cases in which it is impossible to preserve one or more fingers. Copyright © 2017 SECOT. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Alternating Systemic and Hepatic Artery Infusion Therapy for Resected Liver Metastases From Colorectal Cancer: A North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG)/ National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) Phase II Intergroup Trial, N9945/CI-66

    PubMed Central

    Alberts, Steven R.; Roh, Mark S.; Mahoney, Michelle R.; O'Connell, Michael J.; Nagorney, David M.; Wagman, Lawrence; Smyrk, Thomas C.; Weiland, Timothy L.; Lai, Lily Lau; Schwarz, Roderich E.; Molina, Roy; Dentchev, Todor; Bolton, John S.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose Prior trials have shown that surgery followed by hepatic artery infusion (HAI) of floxuridine (FUDR) alternating with systemic fluorouracil improves survival rates. Oxaliplatin combined with capecitabine has demonstrated activity in advanced colorectal cancer. Based on this observation a trial was conducted to assess the potential benefit of systemic oxaliplatin and capecitabine alternating with HAI of FUDR. The primary end point was 2-year survival. Patients and Methods Patients with liver-only metastases from colorectal cancer amenable to resection or cryoablation were eligible. HAI and systemic therapy was initiated after metastasectomy. Alternating courses of HAI consisted of 0.2 mg/m2/d FUDR and dexamethasone, day 1 through 14 weeks 1 and 2. Systemic therapy included oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 day 1 with capecitabine at 1,000 mg/m2 twice daily, days 1 through 14, weeks 4 and 5. Two additional 3-week courses of systemic therapy were given. Capecitabine was reduced to 850 mg/m2 twice daily after interim review of toxicity. Results Fifty-five of 76 eligible patients were able to initiate protocol-directed therapy and completed median of six cycles (range, one to six). Three postoperative or treatment-related deaths were reported. Overall, 88% of evaluable patients were alive at 2 years. With a median follow-up of 4.8 years, a total of 30 patients have had disease recurrence, 11 involving the liver. Median disease-free survival was 32.7 months. Conclusion Alternating HAI of FUDR and systemic capecitabine and oxaliplatin met the prespecified end point of higher than 85% survival at 2 years and was clinically tolerable. However, the merits of this approach need to be established with a phase III trial. PMID:20048179

  17. Interventional oncology: new options for interstitial treatments and intravascular approaches: right hepatic vein embolization after right portal vein embolization for inducing hypertrophy of the future liver remnant.

    PubMed

    Ko, Gi-Young; Hwang, Shin; Sung, Kyu-Bo; Gwon, Dong-Il; Lee, Sung-Gyu

    2010-07-01

    Extensive hepatic resection is often associated with post-hepatectomy liver failure. Owing to the regenerative capacity of the liver, preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) has been proposed to increase the functional mass of the non-embolized liver segments that will remain in situ after surgery. However, in some patients, hypertrophy of the non-embolized liver segments following PVE is insufficient to support major hepatectomy. Several studies have demonstrated alternative techniques for inducing hypertrophy of the non-embolized liver segments, including PVE in conjunction with hepatic arterial embolization or hepatic vein embolization in conjunction with PVE. Investigation of new techniques for inducing hypertrophy of the future liver remnant can reasonably be expected to expand the selection criteria for extensive hepatic resection.

  18. Parosteal osteosarcoma of the posterior aspect of the distal part of the femur. Oncological and functional results following a new resection technique.

    PubMed

    Lewis, V O; Gebhardt, M C; Springfield, D S

    2000-08-01

    Parosteal osteosarcoma is a low-grade malignant bone tumor that arises from the surface of the metaphysis of long bones. Parosteal osteosarcoma is usually well differentiated and displays a low propensity to metastasize. Wide resection of a parosteal osteosarcoma has been shown to provide a relatively risk-free method of preventing local recurrence. We propose a new method of resection of parosteal osteosarcomas located in the popliteal paraosseous space of the distal part of the femur. This method involves resection of the mass through separate medial and lateral incisions, which allows for wide margins yet limits the amount of dissection of the soft tissues and the neurovascular bundle. Six patients with parosteal osteosarcoma located on the posterior aspect of the distal part of the femur underwent resection of the lesion and reconstruction with a posterior hemicortical allograft through dual medial and lateral incisions. The patients were evaluated with regard to pain, postoperative function, union of the allograft (osteosynthesis), and the prevalence of local recurrence. The average time until the last follow-up assessment was 4.3 years. No metastases developed, and there were no local recurrences. All patients were free of disease at the last follow-up evaluation. Postoperatively, the average range of motion of the knee was 0 to 122 degrees. Five of the six patients were free of pain at the time of the latest follow-up. Five of the six patients returned to their preoperative active functional status. We recommend resection of a parosteal osteosarcoma located on the posterior surface of the femur through separate medial and lateral incisions. This approach provides minimal dissection of the neurovascular bundle but ample exposure for reconstruction with a hemicortical allograft.

  19. Laparoscopic resection of duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumour

    PubMed Central

    Zioni, Tammy; Dizengof, Vitaliy; Kirshtein, Boris

    2017-01-01

    Only a few studies have revealed using laparoscopic technique with limited resection of gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) of the duodenum. A 68-year-old man was admitted to the hospital due to upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Evaluation revealed an ulcerated, bleeding GI tumour in the second part of the duodenum. After control of bleeding during gastroduodenoscopy, he underwent a laparoscopic wedge resection of the area. During 1.5 years of follow-up, the patient is disease free, eats drinks well, and has regained weight. Surgical resection of duodenal GIST with free margins is the main treatment of this tumour. Various surgical treatment options have been reported. Laparoscopic resection of duodenal GIST is an advanced and challenging procedure requiring experience and good surgical technique. The laparoscopic limited resection of duodenal GIST is feasible and safe, reducing postoperative morbidity without compromising oncologic results. PMID:28281485

  20. Small bowel resection

    MedlinePlus

    Small intestine surgery; Bowel resection - small intestine; Resection of part of the small intestine; Enterectomy ... her hand inside your belly to feel the intestine or remove the diseased segment. Your belly is ...

  1. Hepatic artery reconstruction first for the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma bismuth type IIIB with contralateral arterial invasion: a novel technical strategy

    PubMed Central

    de Santibañes, Eduardo; Ardiles, Victoria; Alvarez, Fernando A; Pekolj, Juan; Brandi, Claudio; Beskow, Axel

    2012-01-01

    Background En-bloc liver resection with the extrahepatic bile duct is mandatory to obtain tumour-free surgical margins and better long-term outcomes in hilar cholangiocarcinoma (CC). One of the most important criteria for irresectability is local extensive invasion to major vessels. As hilar CC Bismuth type IIIB often requires a major left hepatic resection, the invasion of the right hepatic artery (RHA) usually contraindicates this procedure. Methods The authors describe a novel technique that allowed an oncological resection in two patients with hilar CC Bismuth type IIIB and contralateral arterial invasion. Arterial reconstruction between the posterior branch of the RHA and the left hepatic artery (LHA) was performed as the first surgical step. Once arterial vascular flow was restored, a left trisectionectomy with caudate lobe resection and portal vein reconstruction was performed. Results In both patients an R0 resection was achieved. Both patients made a full recovery and were discharged within 14 days of surgery. Both patients remain free of disease at 18 months. Conclusions This new technique allows a R0 resection to be achieved in patients with Bismuth type IIIB hilar CC with contralateral arterial involvement. PMID:22151454

  2. Hepatic artery reconstruction first for the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma bismuth type IIIB with contralateral arterial invasion: a novel technical strategy.

    PubMed

    de Santibañes, Eduardo; Ardiles, Victoria; Alvarez, Fernando A; Pekolj, Juan; Brandi, Claudio; Beskow, Axel

    2012-01-01

    En-bloc liver resection with the extrahepatic bile duct is mandatory to obtain tumour-free surgical margins and better long-term outcomes in hilar cholangiocarcinoma (CC). One of the most important criteria for irresectability is local extensive invasion to major vessels. As hilar CC Bismuth type IIIB often requires a major left hepatic resection, the invasion of the right hepatic artery (RHA) usually contraindicates this procedure. The authors describe a novel technique that allowed an oncological resection in two patients with hilar CC Bismuth type IIIB and contralateral arterial invasion. Arterial reconstruction between the posterior branch of the RHA and the left hepatic artery (LHA) was performed as the first surgical step. Once arterial vascular flow was restored, a left trisectionectomy with caudate lobe resection and portal vein reconstruction was performed. In both patients an R0 resection was achieved. Both patients made a full recovery and were discharged within 14 days of surgery. Both patients remain free of disease at 18 months. This new technique allows a R0 resection to be achieved in patients with Bismuth type IIIB hilar CC with contralateral arterial involvement. © 2011 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.

  3. The Role of the Single Incision Laparoscopic Approach in Liver and Pancreatic Resectional Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Dajani, Khaled; Koong, Jun Kit; Jah, Asif

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has gained increasing support over the last few years. The aim of this narrative review is to analyse the published evidence on the use and potential benefits of SILS in hepatic and pancreatic resectional surgery for benign and malignant pathology. Methods. Pubmed and Embase databases were searched using the search terms “single incision laparoscopic”, “single port laparoscopic”, “liver surgery”, and “pancreas surgery”. Results. Twenty relevant manuscripts for liver and 9 for pancreatic SILS resections were identified. With regard to liver surgery, despite the lack of comparative studies with other minimal invasive techniques, outcomes have been acceptable when certain limitations are taken into account. For pancreatic resections, when compared to the conventional laparoscopic approach, SILS produced comparable results with regard to intra- and postoperative parameters, including length of hospitalisation and complications. Similarly, the results were comparable to robotic pancreatectomies, with the exception of the longer operative time reported with the robotic approach. Discussion. Despite the limitations, the published evidence supports that SILS is safe and feasible for liver and pancreatic resections when performed by experienced teams in the tertiary setting. However, no substantial benefit has been identified yet, especially compared to other minimal invasive techniques. PMID:27891251

  4. Resection of gastrinomas.

    PubMed Central

    Deveney, C W; Deveney, K E; Stark, D; Moss, A; Stein, S; Way, L W

    1983-01-01

    gastrectomy is indicated in a large proportion of patients whose tumors cannot be resected. Total gastrectomy in patients with ZES is also safe using current techniques; our last death following this operation for ZES occurred 15 yrs ago. PMID:6138003

  5. Radical resection of a Shamblin type III carotid body tumour without cerebro-neurological deficit: Improved technique with preoperative embolization and carotid stenting.

    PubMed

    Ong, H S; Fan, X D; Ji, T

    2014-12-01

    The surgical resection of a large unfavourable Shamblin type III carotid body tumour (CBT) can be very challenging technically, with many potential significant complications. Preoperative embolization aids in shrinking the lesion, reducing intraoperative blood loss, and improving visualization of the surgical field. Preoperative internal carotid artery (ICA) stenting aids in reinforcing the arterial wall, thereby providing a better dissection plane. A woman presented to our institution with a large right-sided CBT. Failure of the preoperative temporary balloon occlusion (TBO) test emphasized the importance of intraoperative preservation of the ipsilateral ICA. A combination of both preoperative embolization and carotid stenting allowed a less hazardous radical resection of the CBT. An almost bloodless surgical field permitted meticulous dissection, hence reducing the risk of intraoperative vascular and nerve injury. Embolization and carotid stenting prior to surgical resection should be considered in cases with bilateral CBT or a skull base orientated high CBT, and for those with intracranial extension and patients who have failed the TBO test. Copyright © 2014 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Hepatic mucormycosis with abscess formation.

    PubMed

    Su, Henry; Thompson, George R; Cohen, Stuart H

    2012-06-01

    We describe a case of hepatic mucormycosis with abscess, an uncommon presentation of mucormycetes infection. Our patient was initially treated with transcutaneous pigtail catheter placement, liposomal amphotericin B, and micafungin without improvement. The patient subsequently improved after hepatic segmentectomy and hemidiaphragm resection. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Management of hepatic injury.

    PubMed Central

    Hanna, S. S.; Jirsch, D. W.

    1977-01-01

    Liver injuries may be due to either blunt or penetrating trauma to the thorax or abdomen. Specific treatment depends on the site and extent of hepatic injury. Following resuscitation with intravenous fluids and blood as needed, surgical therapy is directed to provide hemostasis, remove necrotic liver tissue and promote adequate external drainage in the postoperative period. While local measures are usually sufficient, complex hepatic wounds may require extensive resection and vascular ligature or repair. PMID:890631

  8. Liver resection using a water jet.

    PubMed

    Une, Y; Uchino, J; Horie, T; Sato, Y; Ogasawara, K; Kakita, A; Sano, F

    1989-01-01

    The water-jet method has been used during hepatic resection. The instrument cuts the hepatic tissue with the high pressure of the fine water flow, while the exposed elastic intrahepatic vessels are spared injury. A comparative study on the water-jet method with the previously employed conventional methods was undertaken. Hepatic resections were performed on 35 patients using the water-jet method. Cirrhosis of the liver was associated with 10 of the 24 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. An ordinary saline solution was used as the jet, which was projected at a pressure of between 12 kg/cm2 and 20 kg/cm2 through a 0.15/mm-diameter nozzle. A higher jet pressure was needed to cut the fibrotic hepatic parenchyma. In the case of normal liver, the intrahepatic vessels of more than 0.2 mm were well preserved. In most of the cases, the loss of blood when cutting the hepatic parenchyma can be easily reduced with a jet pressure of 15-16 kg/cm2, thus preserving the fine vessels more than 0.2 mm in diameter without injury. When the same pressure was applied in the cutting of a cirrhotic liver, it took much longer time compared to that of a non-cirrhotic normal liver parenchyma. The cut surface was smooth compared to that after using CUSA, although its disadvantages lie in the formation of air bubbles, which obscure the operative field. The controlled projection of a jet of water under optimal pressure may ensure a safe hepatic resection of both normal and cirrhotic livers. Furthermore, because of its uncomplicated form, a wide range of applications can be expected, while the lower cost will also expedite its large-scale use for economic reasons.

  9. Comparison of Two Techniques for Radio-frequency Hepatic Tumor Ablation through Numerical Simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kosturski, N.; Margenov, S.; Vutov, Y.

    2011-11-01

    We simulate the thermal and electrical processes, involved in the radio-frequency ablation procedure. In this study, we take into account the observed fact, that the electrical conductivity of the hepatic tissue varies during the procedure. With the increase of the tissue temperature to a certain level, a sudden drop of the electrical conductivity is observed. This variation was neglected in some previous studies. The mathematical model consists of two parts—electrical and thermal. The energy from the applied AC voltage is determined first, by solving the Laplace equation to find the potential distribution. After that, the electric field intensity and the current density are directly calculated. Finally, the heat transfer equation is solved to determine the temperature distribution. Heat loss due to blood perfusion is also accounted for. The simulations were performed on the IBM Blue Gene/P massively parallel computer.

  10. Liver resection for cancer: New developments in prediction, prevention and management of postresectional liver failure.

    PubMed

    van Mierlo, Kim M C; Schaap, Frank G; Dejong, Cornelis H C; Olde Damink, Steven W M

    2016-12-01

    Hepatic failure is a feared complication that accounts for up to 75% of mortality after extensive liver resection. Despite improved perioperative care, the increasing complexity and extensiveness of surgical interventions, in combination with an expanding number of resections in patients with compromised liver function, still results in an incidence of postresectional liver failure (PLF) of 1-9%. Preventive measures aim to enhance future remnant liver size and function. Numerous non-invasive techniques to assess liver function and predict remnant liver volume are being developed, along with introduction of novel surgical strategies that augment growth of the future remnant liver. Detection of PLF is often too late and treatment is primarily symptomatic. Current therapeutic research focuses on ([bio]artificial) liver function support and regenerative medicine. In this review we discuss the current state and new developments in prediction, prevention and management of PLF, in light of novel insights into the aetiology of this complex syndrome.

  11. [Celiac trunk resection in patients with pancreatic cancer and severe pain syndrome].

    PubMed

    Patyutko, Yu I; Abgaryan, M G; Kudashkin, N E; Kotelnikov, A G

    2016-01-01

    To show the advisability, satisfactory tolerance and good analgesic effect of surgery for pancreatic ductal carcinoma with celiac trunk invasion. Distal subtotal pancreatectomy with resection of celiac trunk and common hepatic artery was made in 21 patients. Early postoperative complications after distal subtotal pancreatectomy with celiac trunk resection occurred in 10 (47.6%) patients. There was no postoperative mortality. Resection edges including retroperitoneal space and pancreas did not contain tumor cells according to histological examination. Complete analgesic effect was obtained in 100% of patients after distal subtotal pancreatectomy with celiac trunk resection and neurodissection. 1- and 2-year survival was 59.1% and 21.5% respectively in patients with locally advanced pancreatic ductal carcinoma who underwent distal subtotal pancreatectomy with celiac trunk resection, median - 13 months, maximum lifetime - 57 months. Distal subtotal pancreatectomy with resection of celiac trunk and common hepatic artery is safe, provides significant analgesic effect, increases resectability and expands the indications for pancreatectomy.

  12. Side-to-side cavocavostomy with an endovascular stapler: Rescue technique for severe hepatic vein and/or inferior vena cava outflow obstruction after liver transplantation using the piggyback technique.

    PubMed

    Quintini, Cristiano; Miller, Charles M; Hashimoto, Koji; Philip, Ding; Uso, Teresa Diago; Aucejo, Federico; Kelly, Dympna; Winans, Charles; Eghtesad, Bijan; Vogt, David; Fung, John

    2009-01-01

    Venous outflow obstruction is a rare but potentially lethal complication after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) with the "piggyback" technique. Therapeutic options include angioplasty with or without stent placement, surgical reconstruction of the venous anastomosis, and retransplantation. Surgical options are technically very challenging and the outcomes discouraging. We describe here two cases of venous outflow obstruction in recipients of piggyback liver grafts, one involving both the vena cava and hepatic veins and the other affecting only hepatic vein outflow. Both patients were treated successfully with side-to-side cavo-cavostomy using an endovascular (endo-GIA) stapler. This novel technique is fast and effective in resolving the outflow obstruction. Copyright 2008 AASLD.

  13. First reported case of per anal endoscopic myectomy (PAEM): A novel endoscopic technique for resection of lesions with severe fibrosis in the rectum

    PubMed Central

    Rahni, David Ozzie; Toyonaga, Takashi; Ohara, Yoshiko; Lombardo, Francesco; Baba, Shinichi; Takihara, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Shinwa; Kawara, Fumiaki; Azuma, Takeshi

    2017-01-01

    Background and study aims A 54-year-old man was diagnosed with a rectal tumor extending through the submucosal layer. The patient refused surgery and therefore endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was pursued. The lesion exhibited the muscle retraction sign. After dissecting circumferentially around the fibrotic area by double tunneling method, a myotomy was performed through the internal circular muscle layer, creating a plane of dissection between the internal circular muscle layer and the external longitudinal muscle layer, and a myectomy was completed. The pathologic specimen verified T1b grade 1 sprouting adenocarcinoma with 4350 µm invasion into the submucosa with negative resection margins. PMID:28337484

  14. Safety and efficacy of venous reconstruction in liver resection using cryopreserved homologous veins.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Masaki; Akamatsu, Nobuhisa; Hayashi, Akimasa; Togashi, Junichi; Sakamoto, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Sumihito; Hasegawa, Kiyoshi; Fukayama, Masashi; Makuuchi, Masatoshi; Kokudo, Norihiro

    2017-09-01

    Only a few studies have reported the resection and reconstruction of major hepatic veins during hepatectomy. Here, we present our strategy and techniques for venous reconstruction with cryopreserved homologous veins, and describe the surgical outcome. Among 2,387 hepatectomy patients, 39 patients who required hepatic venous reconstruction were reviewed retrospectively. Venous reconstruction was performed to secure a non-congested liver remnant volume of at least 40% of the total liver volume. There was no operative mortality, and the severe morbidity rate was 5% in this series. A total of 41 veins were reconstructed; 30 with homologous veins (73.2%) and 11 with autologous veins (26.8%), with the middle hepatic vein being the most frequent (n = 23, 56%). Interposition grafting was performed more often (P = 0.003), the length of the venous resection was longer (P = 0.007), and pathologic wall infiltration of the vein was revealed more often (P = 0.002) in the homologous graft group than in the autologous graft group. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year overall patency of the reconstructed veins was 55.4%, 46.3%, and 46.3%, respectively. Aggressive venous reconstruction during hepatectomy using cryopreserved homologous veins is a feasible option with satisfactory short-term outcomes, and may be warranted to improve operative safety. © 2017 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

  15. Limits of Surgical Resection for Bile Duct Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Bartsch, Fabian; Heinrich, Stefan; Lang, Hauke

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma is the most frequent cholangiocarcinoma and poses difficulties in preoperative evaluation. For its therapy, often major hepatic resections as well as resection and reconstruction of the hepatic artery or the portal vein are necessary. In the last decades, great advances were made in both the surgical procedures and the perioperative anesthetic management. In this article, we describe from our point of view which facts represent the limits for curative (R0) resection in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods Retrospective data of a 6-year period (2008-2014) was collected in an SPSS 22 database and further analyzed with focus on the surgical approach and the postoperative as well as histological results. Results Out of 96 patients in total we were able to intend a curative resection in 73 patients (76%). In 58/73 (79.5%) resections an R0 situation could be reached (R1 n = 14; R2 n = 1). 23 patients were irresectable because of peritoneal carcinosis (n = 8), broad infiltration of major blood vessels (n = 8), bilateral advanced tumor growth to the intrahepatic bile ducts (n = 3), infiltration of the complete liver hilum (n = 2), infiltration of the gallbladder (n = 1), and liver cirrhosis (n = 1). Patients with a T4 stadium were treated with curative intention twice, and in each case an R1 resection was achieved. Most patients with irresectable tumors can be suspected to have a T4 stadium as well. In a T3 situation (n = 6) we could establish five R0 resections and one R1 resection. Conclusion The limit of surgical resection for bile duct cancer is the advanced tumor stage (T stadium). While in a T3 stadium an R0 resection is possible in most cases, we were not able to perform an R0 resection in a T4 stadium. From our point of view, early T stadium cannot usually be estimated through expanded diagnostics but only through surgical exploration. PMID:26468314

  16. Limits of Surgical Resection for Bile Duct Cancer.

    PubMed

    Bartsch, Fabian; Heinrich, Stefan; Lang, Hauke

    2015-06-01

    Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma is the most frequent cholangiocarcinoma and poses difficulties in preoperative evaluation. For its therapy, often major hepatic resections as well as resection and reconstruction of the hepatic artery or the portal vein are necessary. In the last decades, great advances were made in both the surgical procedures and the perioperative anesthetic management. In this article, we describe from our point of view which facts represent the limits for curative (R0) resection in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. Retrospective data of a 6-year period (2008-2014) was collected in an SPSS 22 database and further analyzed with focus on the surgical approach and the postoperative as well as histological results. Out of 96 patients in total we were able to intend a curative resection in 73 patients (76%). In 58/73 (79.5%) resections an R0 situation could be reached (R1 n = 14; R2 n = 1). 23 patients were irresectable because of peritoneal carcinosis (n = 8), broad infiltration of major blood vessels (n = 8), bilateral advanced tumor growth to the intrahepatic bile ducts (n = 3), infiltration of the complete liver hilum (n = 2), infiltration of the gallbladder (n = 1), and liver cirrhosis (n = 1). Patients with a T4 stadium were treated with curative intention twice, and in each case an R1 resection was achieved. Most patients with irresectable tumors can be suspected to have a T4 stadium as well. In a T3 situation (n = 6) we could establish five R0 resections and one R1 resection. The limit of surgical resection for bile duct cancer is the advanced tumor stage (T stadium). While in a T3 stadium an R0 resection is possible in most cases, we were not able to perform an R0 resection in a T4 stadium. From our point of view, early T stadium cannot usually be estimated through expanded diagnostics but only through surgical exploration.

  17. Laparoscopic hepatectomy is theoretically better than open hepatectomy: preparing for the 2nd International Consensus Conference on Laparoscopic Liver Resection.

    PubMed

    Wakabayashi, Go; Cherqui, Daniel; Geller, David A; Han, Ho-Seong; Kaneko, Hironori; Buell, Joseph F

    2014-10-01

    Six years have passed since the first International Consensus Conference on Laparoscopic Liver Resection was held. This comparatively new surgical technique has evolved since then and is rapidly being adopted worldwide. We compared the theoretical differences between open and laparoscopic liver resection, using right hepatectomy as an example. We also searched the Cochrane Library using the keyword "laparoscopic liver resection." The papers retrieved through the search were reviewed, categorized, and applied to the clinical questions that will be discussed at the 2nd Consensus Conference. The laparoscopic hepatectomy procedure is more difficult to master than the open hepatectomy procedure because of the movement restrictions imposed upon us when we operate from outside the body cavity. However, good visibility of the operative field around the liver, which is located beneath the costal arch, and the magnifying provide for neat transection of the hepatic parenchyma. Another theoretical advantage is that pneumoperitoneum pressure reduces hemorrhage from the hepatic vein. The literature search turned up 67 papers, 23 of which we excluded, leaving only 44. Two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are underway, but their results are yet to be published. Most of the studies (n = 15) concerned short-term results, with some addressing long-term results (n = 7), cost (n = 6), energy devices (n = 4), and so on. Laparoscopic hepatectomy is theoretically superior to open hepatectomy in terms of good visibility of the operative field due to the magnifying effect and reduced hemorrhage from the hepatic vein due to pneumoperitoneum pressure. However, there is as yet no evidence from previous studies to back this up in terms of short-term and long-term results. The 2nd International Consensus Conference on Laparoscopic Liver Resection will arrive at a consensus on the basis of the best available evidence, with video presentations focusing on surgical techniques and the publication

  18. Awake craniotomy for tumor resection

    PubMed Central

    Attari, Mohammadali; Salimi, Sohrab

    2013-01-01

    Surgical treatment of brain tumors, especially those located in the eloquent areas such as anterior temporal, frontal lobes, language, memory areas, and near the motor cortex causes high risk of eloquent impairment. Awake craniotomy displays major rule for maximum resection of the tumor with minimum functional impairment of the Central Nervous System. These case reports discuss the use of awake craniotomy during the brain surgery in Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran. A 56-year-old woman with left-sided body hypoesthesia since last 3 months and a 25-year-old with severe headache of 1 month duration were operated under craniotomy for brain tumors resection. An awake craniotomy was planned to allow maximum tumor intraoperative testing for resection and neurologic morbidity avoidance. The method of anesthesia should offer sufficient analgesia, hemodynamic stability, sedation, respiratory function, and also awake and cooperative patient for different neurological test. Airway management is the most important part of anesthesia during awake craniotomy. Tumor surgery with awake craniotomy is a safe technique that allows maximal resection of lesions in close relationship to eloquent cortex and has a low risk of neurological deficit. PMID:24223378

  19. [Multicentre study on hepatic adenomas].

    PubMed

    Ramia, José Manuel; Bernardo, Carmen; Valdivieso, Andrés; Dopazo, Cristina; Jover, José María; Albiol, M Teresa; Pardo, Fernando; Fernandez Aguilar, José Luis; Gutierrez Calvo, Alberto; Serrablo, Alejandro; Diez Valladares, Luis; Pereira, Fernando; Sabater, Luis; Muffak, Karim; Figueras, Joan

    2014-02-01

    Hepatic adenomas (HA) are benign tumours which can present serious complications, and as such, in the past all were resected. It has now been shown that those smaller than 3 cm not expressing β-catenin only result in complications in exceptional cases and therefore the therapeutic strategy has been changed. Retrospective study in 14 HPB units. patients with resected and histologically confirmed HA. 1995-2011. 81 patients underwent surgery. Age: 39.5 years (range: 14-75). Sex: female (75%). Consumption of oestrogen in women: 33%. Size: 8.8 cm (range, 1-20 cm). Only 6 HA (7.4%) were smaller than 3 cm. The HA median was 1 (range: 1-12). Nine patients had adenomatosis (>10HA). A total of 51% of patients displayed symptoms, the most frequent (77%) being abdominal pain. Eight patients (10%) began with acute abdomen due to rupture and/or haemorrhage. A total of 67% of the preoperative diagnoses were correct. Surgery was scheduled for 90% of patients. The techniques employed were: major hepatectomy (22%), minor hepatectomy (77%) and one liver transplantation. A total of 20% were performed laparoscopically. The morbidity rate was 28%. There were no cases of mortality. Three patients had malignisation (3.7%). The follow-up period was 43 months (range 1-192). Two recurrences were detected and resected. Patients with resected HA are normally women with large lesions and oestrogen consumption was lower than expected. Its correct preoperative diagnosis is acceptable (70%). The major hepatectomy rate is 25% and the laparoscopy rate is 20%. There was a low morbidity rate and no mortality. Copyright © 2012 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  20. Root-end resection.

    PubMed

    Blahuta, R; Stanko, P

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the retrospective clinical study was to analyse a complex of patients who underwent a root end resection in the Department of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery, Comenius University, St. Elisabeth Hospital, Bratislava, Slovakia between January 2006 and December 2009 on the small surgery court. A total number of 285 patients who underwent root end resection. Factors examined include sex, patients age structure, total number of resected teeth and their position in upper or lower jaw and the 10 most resected teeth. From 285 patients 103 (36.14 %) were males and 182 (63.86 %) were females. A total number of 378 root end resections was performed, 55 (14.55 %) in the lower jaw and 323 (85.45 %) in the upper jaw. The most resected teeth are from the first and second quadrant. There is a decrease trend by the number of patients who underwent root end resection and teeth which were resected in the timeline between 2006-2009. This process is positive and matches the worldwide trend, by making better and successfull endodontic treatment which results in healing of periapical pathology without the need of root end resection (Tab. 2, Fig. 2, Ref. 20). Full Text in PDF www.elis.sk.

  1. Liver transection using indocyanine green fluorescence imaging and hepatic vein clamping.

    PubMed

    Kawaguchi, Y; Nomura, Y; Nagai, M; Koike, D; Sakuraoka, Y; Ishida, T; Ishizawa, T; Kokudo, N; Tanaka, N

    2017-06-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) imaging has facilitated liver resection with excision of hepatic veins by estimating the liver volume of portal and hepatic venous territories. However, 3D imaging cannot be used for real-time navigation to determine the liver transection line. This study assessed the value of indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging with hepatic vein clamping for navigation during liver transection. Consecutive patients who underwent liver resection with excision of major hepatic veins between 2012 and 2013 were evaluated using ICG fluorescence imaging after clamping veins and injecting ICG. Regional fluorescence intensity (FI) values of non-veno-occlusive regions (FINon ), veno-occlusive regions (FIVO ) and ischaemic regions (FIIS ) were calculated using luminance analysing software. Of the 21 patients, ten, four and seven underwent limited resection, monosegmentectomy/sectionectomy and hemihepatectomy respectively, with excision of major hepatic veins. Median veno-occlusive liver volume was 80 (range 30-458) ml. Fluorescence imaging visualized veno-occlusive regions as territories with lower FI compared with non-veno-occlusive regions, and ischaemic regions as territories with no fluorescence after intravenous ICG injection. Median FIIS /FINon was lower than median FIVO /FINon (0·22 versus 0·59; P = 0·002). There were no deaths in hospital or within 30 days, and only one major complication. ICG fluorescence imaging with hepatic vein clamping visualized non-veno-occlusive, veno-occlusive and ischaemic regions. This technique may guide liver transection by intraoperative navigation, enhancing the safety and accuracy of liver resection. © 2017 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Debakey forceps crushing technique for hepatic parenchymal transection in liver surgery: a review of 100 cases and ergonomic advantages.

    PubMed

    Jain, Sundeep; Sharma, Bharat; Kaushik, Mitesh; Jain, Lokendra

    2014-01-01

    Introduction and Objective. Bleeding is an important complication in liver transections. To determine the safety and efficacy of Debakey forceps for liver parenchymal transection and its ergonomic advantages over clamp crushing method we analysed our data. Methods. We used Debakey crushing technique in 100 liver resections and analysed data for transection time, transfusion rate, morbidity, mortality, hospital stay, influence of different types of liver conditions, and ergonomi features of Debakey forceps. Results. Mean age, transection time and hospital stay of 100 patients were 52.38 ± 17.44 years, 63.36 ± 33.4 minutes, and 10.27 ± 5.7 days. Transection time, and hospital stay in patients with cirrhotic liver (130.4 ± 44.4 mins, 14.6 ± 5.5 days) and cholestatic liver (75.8 ± 19.7 mins, 16.5 ± 5.1 days) were significantly greater than in patients with normal liver (48.1 ± 20.1 mins, 6.7 ± 1.8 days) (P < 0.01). Transection time improved significantly with experience (first fifty versus second fifty cases-70.2 ± 31.1 mins versus 56.5 ± 34.5 mins, P < 0.04). Qualitative evaluation revealed that Debakey forceps had ergonomic advantages over Kelly clamp. Conclusions. Debakey forceps crushing technique is safe and effective for liver parenchymal transection in all kinds of liver. Transection time improves with surgeon's experience. It has ergonomic advantages over Kelly clamp and is a better choice for liver transection.

  3. Debakey Forceps Crushing Technique for Hepatic Parenchymal Transection in Liver Surgery: A Review of 100 Cases and Ergonomic Advantages

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Sundeep; Sharma, Bharat; Kaushik, Mitesh; Jain, Lokendra

    2014-01-01

    Introduction and Objective. Bleeding is an important complication in liver transections. To determine the safety and efficacy of Debakey forceps for liver parenchymal transection and its ergonomic advantages over clamp crushing method we analysed our data. Methods. We used Debakey crushing technique in 100 liver resections and analysed data for transection time, transfusion rate, morbidity, mortality, hospital stay, influence of different types of liver conditions, and ergonomi features of Debakey forceps. Results. Mean age, transection time and hospital stay of 100 patients were 52.38 ± 17.44 years, 63.36 ± 33.4 minutes, and 10.27 ± 5.7 days. Transection time, and hospital stay in patients with cirrhotic liver (130.4 ± 44.4 mins, 14.6 ± 5.5 days) and cholestatic liver (75.8 ± 19.7 mins, 16.5 ± 5.1 days) were significantly greater than in patients with normal liver (48.1 ± 20.1 mins, 6.7 ± 1.8 days) (P < 0.01). Transection time improved significantly with experience (first fifty versus second fifty cases—70.2 ± 31.1 mins versus 56.5 ± 34.5 mins, P < 0.04). Qualitative evaluation revealed that Debakey forceps had ergonomic advantages over Kelly clamp. Conclusions. Debakey forceps crushing technique is safe and effective for liver parenchymal transection in all kinds of liver. Transection time improves with surgeon's experience. It has ergonomic advantages over Kelly clamp and is a better choice for liver transection. PMID:25009367

  4. Primary hepatic carcinoid tumor.

    PubMed

    Gao, Jinbo; Hu, Zhijian; Wu, Junwei; Bai, Lishan; Chai, Xinqun

    2011-11-19

    Primary hepatic carcinoid tumor is rare and poses a challenge for diagnosis and management. We presented a case of primary hepatic carcinoid tumor in a 53-year-old female with a complaint of right upper abdominal pain. Computer tomography scans revealed a hypervascular mass in segment 4 of the liver. An ultrasonography-guided biopsy showed a carcinoid tumor. No other lesions were found by the radiological investigations. Surgery resection was performed and histopathological examination revealed a primary hepatic carcinoid tumor. Three years later, recurrence was found and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization was performed. After transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, the patient has been free of symptom and had no radiological disease progression for over 6 months. Surgical resection combination with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization is effective to offer excellent palliation.

  5. Hybrid resection of duodenal tumors.

    PubMed

    Poultsides, George A; Pappou, Emmanouil P; Bloom, George Peter; Orlando, Rocco

    2011-09-01

    The aim of this study was to review our experience with the hand-assisted laparoscopic management of duodenal tumors with no or low malignant potential and to compare this approach with published case reports of purely laparoscopic local duodenal resection. Eight cases of hand-assisted laparoscopic local duodenal resection performed from 2000 to 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Hand-assistance was utilized for complete duodenal mobilization, and local duodenal resection was accomplished extracorporeally through the hand-access incision. Patient and tumor characteristics, operative time, length of stay, and complications were compared with 18 cases of totally laparoscopic local excision of duodenal tumors published since 1997. Patients with ampullary tumors were excluded. Compared with the purely laparoscopic approach, the hand-assisted technique was associated with shorter operative time (179 versus 131 minutes, P=.03) and was more commonly used for lesions located in the third portion of the duodenum (0% versus 37.5%, P=.02). Tumor size (2.9 cm versus 3.2 cm, P=.61) and length of hospital stay (5.9 versus 5.9 days, P=.96) were similar between the two groups. The rate of complications was also comparable (0% versus 12.5%, P=.31); 1 of 8 patients in the hand-assisted group developed an incisional hernia at the hand-access site. Hand-assisted laparoscopic local duodenal resection is a feasible, safe, and effective alternative to the totally laparoscopic approach. In addition to being associated with comparable length of hospital stay, hand-assistance can shorten operative time by facilitating duodenal mobilization as well as extracorporeal duodenal resection and closure.

  6. Outcome after a liver resection of benign lesions

    PubMed Central

    Hoffmann, Katrin; Unsinn, Michael; Hinz, Ulf; Weiss, Karl Heinz; Waldburger, Nina; Longerich, Thomas; Radeleff, Boris; Schirmacher, Peter; Büchler, Markus W; Schemmer, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Background Benign liver tumours represent a challenge in clinical management. There is considerable controversy with respect to the indications for surgery as the evidence for surgical treatment is variable. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the indication and outcome after resection of benign, solid liver lesions. Methods Data of 79 patients, who underwent liver resection between 2001 and 2012, were analysed for demographic and outcome parameters. Results Thirty-eight patients with focal nodular hyperplasia (48%), 23 patients with haemangioma (29%) and 18 patients with hepatocellular adenoma (23%) underwent a hepatic resection. A major hepatic resection was performed in 23 patients (29%) and a minor resection in 56 patients (71%). The post-operative mortality rate was zero and the 30-day morbidity rate 13.9%. After a median follow-up of 64 months, 75 patients (95%) were alive, and no patient had developed recurrent disease. Fifty-four patients (68%) were pre-operatively symptomatic, of which, 87% had complete or partial relief of symptoms after a liver resection. The incidence of symptoms increased with the lesions' size. Discussion The management of benign liver lesions necessitates an individualized therapy within a multidisciplinary, evidence-based, treatment algorithm. Resection of benign liver lesions can be performed safely in well-selected patients without mortality and low post-operative morbidity. PMID:26456947

  7. Prone-position thoracoscopic resection of posterior mediastinal lymph node metastasis from rectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Shirakawa, Yasuhiro; Noma, Kazuhiro; Koujima, Takeshi; Maeda, Naoaki; Tanabe, Shunsuke; Ohara, Toshiaki; Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi

    2015-02-12

    Mediastinal lymph node metastasis from colorectal cancer is rare, and barely any reports have described resection of this pathology. We report herein a successful thoracoscopic resection of mediastinal lymph node metastasis in a prone position. A 65-year-old man presented with posterior mediastinal lymph node metastasis after resection of the primary rectal cancer and metachronous hepatic metastasis. Metastatic lymph nodes were resected completely using thoracoscopic surgery in the prone position, which provided advantages of minimal invasiveness, good surgical field, and reduced ergonomic burden on the surgeon. Thoracoscopic resection in the prone position was thought to have the potential to become the standard procedure of posterior mediastinal tumors.

  8. LAPAROSCOPIC RESECTION OF GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMORS (GIST)

    PubMed Central

    LOUREIRO, Marcelo de Paula; de ALMEIDA, Rômulo Augusto Andrade; CLAUS, Christiano Marlo Paggi; BONIN, Eduardo Aimoré; CURY-FILHO,, Antônio Moris; DIMBARRE, Daniellson; da COSTA, Marco Aurélio Raeder; VITAL, Marcílio Lisboa

    2016-01-01

    Background Gastrointestinal mesenchymal or stromal tumors (GIST) are lesions originated on digestive tract walls, which are treated by surgical resection. Several laparoscopic techniques, from gastrectomies to segmental resections, have been used successfully. Aim Describe a single center experience on laparoscopic GIST resection. Method Charts of 15 operated patients were retrospectively reviewed. Thirteen had gastric lesions, of which ten were sub epithelial, ranging from 2-8 cm; and three were pure exofitic growing lesions. The remaining two patients had small bowel lesions. Surgical laparoscopic treatment consisted of two distal gastrectomies, 11 wedge gastric resections and two segmental enterectomies. Mechanical suture was used in the majority of patients except on six, which underwent resection and closure using manual absorbable sutures. There were no conversions to open technique. Results Mean operative time was 1h 29 min±92 (40-420 min). Average lenght of hospital stay was three days (2-6 days). There were no leaks, postoperative bleeding or need for reintervention. Mean postoperative follow-up was 38±17 months (6-60 months). Three patients underwent adjuvant Imatinib treatment, one for recurrence five months postoperatively and two for tumors with moderate risk for recurrence . Conclusion Laparoscopic GIST resection, not only for small lesions but also for tumors above 5 cm, is safe and acceptable technique. PMID:27120729

  9. Laparoscopic partial splenic resection.

    PubMed

    Uranüs, S; Pfeifer, J; Schauer, C; Kronberger, L; Rabl, H; Ranftl, G; Hauser, H; Bahadori, K

    1995-04-01

    Twenty domestic pigs with an average weight of 30 kg were subjected to laparoscopic partial splenic resection with the aim of determining the feasibility, reliability, and safety of this procedure. Unlike the human spleen, the pig spleen is perpendicular to the body's long axis, and it is long and slender. The parenchyma was severed through the middle third, where the organ is thickest. An 18-mm trocar with a 60-mm Endopath linear cutter was used for the resection. The tissue was removed with a 33-mm trocar. The operation was successfully concluded in all animals. No capsule tears occurred as a result of applying the stapler. Optimal hemostasis was achieved on the resected edges in all animals. Although these findings cannot be extended to human surgery without reservations, we suggest that diagnostic partial resection and minor cyst resections are ideal initial indications for this minimally invasive approach.

  10. Borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: Definitions and management

    PubMed Central

    Lopez, Nicole E; Prendergast, Cristina; Lowy, Andrew M

    2014-01-01

    Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. While surgical resection remains the only curative option, more than 80% of patients present with unresectable disease. Unfortunately, even among those who undergo resection, the reported median survival is 15-23 mo, with a 5-year survival of approximately 20%. Disappointingly, over the past several decades, despite improvements in diagnostic imaging, surgical technique and chemotherapeutic options, only modest improvements in survival have been realized. Nevertheless, it remains clear that surgical resection is a prerequisite for achieving long-term survival and cure. There is now emerging consensus that a subgroup of patients, previously considered poor candidates for resection because of the relationship of their primary tumor to surrounding vasculature, may benefit from resection, particularly when preceded by neoadjuvant therapy. This stage of disease, termed borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, has become of increasing interest and is now the focus of a multi-institutional clinical trial. Here we outline the history, progress, current treatment recommendations, and future directions for research in borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. PMID:25152577

  11. A New Surgical Technique of Pancreaticoduodenectomy with Splenic Artery Resection for Ductal Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreatic Head and/or Body Invading Splenic Artery: Impact of the Balance between Surgical Radicality and QOL to Avoid Total Pancreatectomy

    PubMed Central

    Desaki, Ryosuke; Mizuno, Shugo; Tanemura, Akihiro; Kishiwada, Masashi; Murata, Yasuhiro; Azumi, Yoshinori; Kuriyama, Naohisa; Usui, Masanobu; Sakurai, Hiroyuki; Tabata, Masami; Isaji, Shuji

    2014-01-01

    For pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) of the head and/or body invading the splenic artery (SA), we developed a new surgical technique of proximal subtotal pancreatectomy with splenic artery and vein resection, so-called pancreaticoduodenectomy with splenic artery resection (PD-SAR). We retrospectively reviewed a total of 84 patients with curative intent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for PDAC of the head and/or body. These 84 patients were classified into the two groups: conventional PD (n = 66) and PD-SAR (n = 18). Most patients were treated by preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Postoperative MDCT clearly demonstrated enhancement of the remnant pancreas at 1 and 6 months in all patients examined. Overall survival rates were very similar between PD and PD-SAR (3-year OS: 23.7% versus 23.1%, P = 0.538), despite the fact that the tumor size and the percentages of UICC-T4 determined before treatment were higher in PD-SAR. Total daily insulin dose was significantly higher in PD-SAR than in PD at 1 month, while showing no significant differences between the two groups thereafter. PD-SAR with preoperative CRT seems to be promising surgical strategy for PDAC of head and/or body with invasion of the splenic artery, in regard to the balance between operative radicality and postoperative QOL. PMID:25013768

  12. A new surgical technique of pancreaticoduodenectomy with splenic artery resection for ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head and/or body invading splenic artery: impact of the balance between surgical radicality and QOL to avoid total pancreatectomy.

    PubMed

    Desaki, Ryosuke; Mizuno, Shugo; Tanemura, Akihiro; Kishiwada, Masashi; Murata, Yasuhiro; Azumi, Yoshinori; Kuriyama, Naohisa; Usui, Masanobu; Sakurai, Hiroyuki; Tabata, Masami; Isaji, Shuji

    2014-01-01

    For pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) of the head and/or body invading the splenic artery (SA), we developed a new surgical technique of proximal subtotal pancreatectomy with splenic artery and vein resection, so-called pancreaticoduodenectomy with splenic artery resection (PD-SAR). We retrospectively reviewed a total of 84 patients with curative intent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for PDAC of the head and/or body. These 84 patients were classified into the two groups: conventional PD (n=66) and PD-SAR (n=18). Most patients were treated by preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Postoperative MDCT clearly demonstrated enhancement of the remnant pancreas at 1 and 6 months in all patients examined. Overall survival rates were very similar between PD and PD-SAR (3-year OS: 23.7% versus 23.1%, P=0.538), despite the fact that the tumor size and the percentages of UICC-T4 determined before treatment were higher in PD-SAR. Total daily insulin dose was significantly higher in PD-SAR than in PD at 1 month, while showing no significant differences between the two groups thereafter. PD-SAR with preoperative CRT seems to be promising surgical strategy for PDAC of head and/or body with invasion of the splenic artery, in regard to the balance between operative radicality and postoperative QOL.

  13. Image fusion for visualization of hepatic vasculature and tumors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chou, Jin-Shin; Chen, Shiuh-Yung J.; Sudakoff, Gary S.; Hoffmann, Kenneth R.; Chen, Chin-Tu; Dachman, Abraham H.

    1995-05-01

    We have developed segmentation and simultaneous display techniques to facilitate the visualization of the three-dimensional spatial relationships between organ structures and organ vasculature. We concentrate on the visualization of the liver based on spiral computed tomography images. Surface-based 3-D rendering and maximal intensity projection algorithms are used for data visualization. To extract the liver in the serial of images accurately and efficiently, we have developed a user-friendly interactive program with a deformable-model segmentation. Surface rendering techniques are used to visualize the extracted structures, adjacent contours are aligned and fitted with a Bezier surface to yield a smooth surface. Visualization of the vascular structures, portal and hepatic veins, is achieved by applying a MIP technique to the extracted liver volume. To integrate the extracted structures they are surface-rendered and their MIP images are aligned and a color table is designed for simultaneous display of the combined liver/tumor and vasculature images. By combining the 3-D surface rendering and MIP techniques, portal veins, hepatic veins, and hepatic tumor can be inspected simultaneously and their spatial relationships can be more easily perceived. The proposed technique will be useful for visualization of both hepatic neoplasm and vasculature in surgical planning for tumor resection or living-donor liver transplantation.

  14. The value of high-resolution MRI technique in patients with rectal carcinoma: pre-operative assessment of mesorectal fascia involvement, circumferential resection margin and local staging.

    PubMed

    Algebally, Ahmed Mohamed; Mohey, Nesreen; Szmigielski, Wojciech; Yousef, Reda Ramadan Hussein; Kohla, Samah

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to identify the accuracy of high-resolution MRI in the pre-operative assessment of mesorectal fascia involvement, circumfrential resection margin (CRM) and local staging in patients with rectal carcinoma. The study included 56 patients: 32 male and 24 female. All patients underwent high-resolution MRI and had confirmed histopathological diagnosis of rectal cancer located within 15 cm from the anal verge, followed by surgery. MRI findings were compared with pathological and surgical results. The overall accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRI-based T-staging were 92.8, 88.8%, 96.5%, 96%, and 90.3%, respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of MRI-based assessment of CRM were 94.6%, 84.6%, 97.6%, 91.4, and 94.6%, respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of MRI-based N-staging were 82.1%, 75%, 67.3%, 60%, and 86.1%, respectively. Preoperative high-resolution rectal MRI is accurate in predicting tumor stage and CRM involvement. MRI is a precise diagnostic tool to select patients who may benefit from neo-adjuvant therapy and to avoid overtreatment in those patients who can proceed directly to surgery.

  15. The Value of High-Resolution MRI Technique in Patients with Rectal Carcinoma: Pre-Operative Assessment of Mesorectal Fascia Involvement, Circumferential Resection Margin and Local Staging

    PubMed Central

    Algebally, Ahmed Mohamed; Mohey, Nesreen; Szmigielski, Wojciech; Yousef, Reda Ramadan Hussein; Kohla, Samah

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background The purpose of the study was to identify the accuracy of high-resolution MRI in the pre-operative assessment of mesorectal fascia involvement, circumfrential resection margin (CRM) and local staging in patients with rectal carcinoma. Material/Methods The study included 56 patients: 32 male and 24 female. All patients underwent high-resolution MRI and had confirmed histopathological diagnosis of rectal cancer located within 15 cm from the anal verge, followed by surgery. MRI findings were compared with pathological and surgical results. Results The overall accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRI-based T-staging were 92.8, 88.8%, 96.5%, 96%, and 90.3%, respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of MRI-based assessment of CRM were 94.6%, 84.6%, 97.6%, 91.4, and 94.6%, respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of MRI-based N-staging were 82.1%, 75%, 67.3%, 60%, and 86.1%, respectively. Conclusions Preoperative high-resolution rectal MRI is accurate in predicting tumor stage and CRM involvement. MRI is a precise diagnostic tool to select patients who may benefit from neo-adjuvant therapy and to avoid overtreatment in those patients who can proceed directly to surgery. PMID:25806096

  16. Vertebral Column Resection for Rigid Spinal Deformity

    PubMed Central

    Laratta, Joseph L.; Petridis, Petros; Shillingford, Jamal N.; Lehman, Ronald A.; Lenke, Lawrence G.

    2017-01-01

    Study Design: Broad narrative review. Objective: To review the evolution, operative technique, outcomes, and complications associated with posterior vertebral column resection. Methods: A literature review of posterior vertebral column resection was performed. The authors’ surgical technique is outlined in detail. The authors’ experience and the literature regarding vertebral column resection are discussed at length. Results: Treatment of severe, rigid coronal and/or sagittal malalignment with posterior vertebral column resection results in approximately 50–70% correction depending on the type of deformity. Surgical site infection rates range from 2.9% to 9.7%. Transient and permanent neurologic injury rates range from 0% to 13.8% and 0% to 6.3%, respectively. Although there are significant variations in EBL throughout the literature, it can be minimized by utilizing tranexamic acid intraoperatively. Conclusion: The ability to correct a rigid deformity in the spine relies on osteotomies. Each osteotomy is associated with a particular magnitude of correction at a single level. Posterior vertebral column resection is the most powerful posterior osteotomy method providing a successful correction of fixed complex deformities. Despite meticulous surgical technique and precision, this robust osteotomy technique can be associated with significant morbidity even in the most experienced hands. PMID:28660112

  17. Vertebral Column Resection for Rigid Spinal Deformity.

    PubMed

    Saifi, Comron; Laratta, Joseph L; Petridis, Petros; Shillingford, Jamal N; Lehman, Ronald A; Lenke, Lawrence G

    2017-05-01

    Broad narrative review. To review the evolution, operative technique, outcomes, and complications associated with posterior vertebral column resection. A literature review of posterior vertebral column resection was performed. The authors' surgical technique is outlined in detail. The authors' experience and the literature regarding vertebral column resection are discussed at length. Treatment of severe, rigid coronal and/or sagittal malalignment with posterior vertebral column resection results in approximately 50-70% correction depending on the type of deformity. Surgical site infection rates range from 2.9% to 9.7%. Transient and permanent neurologic injury rates range from 0% to 13.8% and 0% to 6.3%, respectively. Although there are significant variations in EBL throughout the literature, it can be minimized by utilizing tranexamic acid intraoperatively. The ability to correct a rigid deformity in the spine relies on osteotomies. Each osteotomy is associated with a particular magnitude of correction at a single level. Posterior vertebral column resection is the most powerful posterior osteotomy method providing a successful correction of fixed complex deformities. Despite meticulous surgical technique and precision, this robust osteotomy technique can be associated with significant morbidity even in the most experienced hands.

  18. Colorectal hepatic metastasis: Evolving therapies

    PubMed Central

    Macedo, Francisco Igor B; Makarawo, Tafadzwa

    2014-01-01

    The approach for colorectal hepatic metastasis has advanced tremendously over the past decade. Multidrug chemotherapy regimens have been successfully introduced with improved outcomes. Concurrently, adjunct multimodal therapies have improved survival rates, and increased the number of patients eligible for curative liver resection. Herein, we described major advancements of surgical and oncologic management of such lesions, thereby discussing modern chemotherapeutic regimens, adjunct therapies and surgical aspects of liver resection. PMID:25067997

  19. Laparoscopic Liver Resection Using the Lateral Approach from Intercostal Ports in Segments VI, VII, and VIII.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Yoshihiro; Suzuki, Yusuke; Fujii, Kensuke; Kawaguchi, Nao; Ishii, Masatsugu; Masubuchi, Shinsuke; Yamamoto, Masashi; Hirokawa, Fumitoshi; Hayashi, Michihiro; Uchiyama, Kazuhisa

    2017-07-31

    Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has been developed as a minimally invasive surgery. However, challenges such as difficulty securing visibility and limited control of forceps make it difficult to complete LLR in hepatic segments VI, VII, and VIII. To overcome these challenges, we devised a surgical technique using intercostal ports. We termed this approach the lateral approach. This work describes our experience performing LLR using this approach and discusses the safety and effectiveness of this approach. Between April 2011 and December 2016, data from 91 patients who underwent LLR with or without the intercostal port at a single institution were retrospectively analyzed regarding surgical outcomes, safety, and utility. LLR was performed for 32 patients with the intercostal port and for 59 patients without the intercostal port. The conversion rates to open surgery with and without intercostal ports were 3.1 and 25.4% (P = 0.008). In hepatic segments VII and VIII, the rates of conversion to open surgery were significantly lower for cases involving intercostal ports (6.7 vs. 42.9 and 0 vs. 38.9%; P = 0.035 and 0026, respectively); however, there were no differences in hepatic segment VI (0 vs. 7.4%; P = 0.563). There were no differences in operative time, blood loss volume, surgical margin, curative resection rate, or postoperative complication rate for LLR in all segments (VI, VII, and VIII). No adverse events due to placement of the intercostal port were observed in this set of patients. LLR using the lateral approach and intercostal ports for hepatic segments VII and VIII resulted in a significant decrease in conversion rates to open surgery.

  20. FRZB up-regulation is correlated with hepatic metastasis and poor prognosis in colon carcinoma patients with hepatic metastasis.

    PubMed

    Shen, Yanping; Zhang, Fang; Lan, Huanrong; Chen, Ke; Zhang, Qi; Xie, Guoming; Teng, Lisong; Jin, Ketao

    2015-01-01

    Frizzled-related protein (FRZB) was up-regulated in hepatic metastasis samples compared with primary colon cancer samples in our previous work. However, the clinical relevance of FRZB in colon cancer hepatic metastasis remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of FRZB in patients with colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis after hepatic resection. FRZB expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) primary colon carcinoma and paired hepatic metastasis tissues from 136 patients with liver metastasis from colon carcinoma that underwent hepatic resection. The relation between FRZB expression and clinicopathologic factors and long-term prognosis in these 136 patients was retrospectively examined. The prognostic significance of negative or positive FRZB expression in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis was assessed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank tests. Positive expression of FRZB was correlated with liver metastasis of colon cancer. Univariate analysis indicated significantly worse overall survival (OS) for patients with a positive FRZB expression in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis than for patients with a negative FRZB expression. Multivariate analysis showed positive-FRZB in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis to be an independent prognostic factor for OS after hepatic resection (P = 0.001). Positive expression of FRZB was statistically significantly associated with poor prognosis of patients with colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis. FRZB could be a novel predictor for poor prognosis of patients with colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis after hepatic resection.

  1. Hepatitis A

    MedlinePlus

    Hepatitis A Hepatitis A Hepatitis A is a contagious viral infection that can easily affect children and adults. It is one of the most common types of hepatitis virus. Often when you hear about hepatitis A ...

  2. Prostate resection - minimally invasive

    MedlinePlus

    ... invasive - discharge Transurethral resection of the prostate - discharge Review Date 6/29/2015 Updated by: Jennifer Sobol, ... the Michigan Institute of Urology, West Bloomfield, MI. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by ...

  3. Large bowel resection - discharge

    MedlinePlus

    ... 26. Read More Colon cancer Colostomy Crohn disease Intestinal obstruction Large bowel resection Ulcerative colitis Patient Instructions Bland ... Diseases Colonic Polyps Colorectal Cancer Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis Intestinal Obstruction Ulcerative Colitis Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A. ...

  4. Small bowel resection - discharge

    MedlinePlus

    ... chap 26. Read More Colon cancer Crohn disease Intestinal obstruction Small bowel resection Patient Instructions Bland diet Crohn ... Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Intestinal Cancer Intestinal Obstruction Small Intestine Disorders Browse the Encyclopedia A.D. ...

  5. [Hepatic retransplant and acute Budd Chiari syndrome. Case report].

    PubMed

    Savio-López, Andrés M; Lara-Molina, Evelin E; Soliva-Domínguez, Ramón; Capo-Jorge, José A; Gala-López, Boris; González-Castillo, Fernando

    2005-01-01

    Hepatic retransplant constitutes 10-20% of all orthotopic hepatic transplants. The piggy-back technique was used in hepatectomy with conservation of the retrohepatic vena cava. A side-to-side cavo-cavostomy technique is described in the case of hepatic congestion or acute Budd Chiari syndrome post-transplant. This is an extremely serious condition and can result in death. We present the first case of hepatic retransplant performed in Hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras in a patient who received who received his first transplant due to non-resectable hepatocarcinoma and who required retransplant due to acute rejection and graft dysfunction. During retransplant, the Belghiti side-to-side anastomosis technique was used to resolve the acute Budd Chiari syndrome that presented itself. Post-surgical evolution at 18 months was satisfactory without evidence of complications of the graft. Acute Budd Chiari syndrome post-transplant can satisfactorily be resolved with the Belghiti technique, although it is preferable to take prophylactic measures to avoid it.

  6. Bladder injury secondary to obturator reflex is more common with plasmakinetic transurethral resection than monopolar transurethral resection of bladder cancer

    PubMed Central

    Ozer, Kutan; Gorgel, Sacit Nuri; Ozbek, Emin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Transurethral resection (TUR) is the most common surgical technique for the diagnosis and initial treatment of bladder cancer. In this study, we evaluated two surgical techniques in terms of bladder injury due to obturator reflex in patients that underwent TUR for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Material and methods 93 patients who underwent TUR for bladder cancer were analyzed. Fifty patients underwent monopolar resection and 43 patients underwent plasmakinetic resection. Standard TUR were performed with conventional Storz monopolar resection using a U-shaped cutting loop, 120V cutting/80 V coagulation settings, 5% mannitol fluid was used for irrigation. For bipolar resection, an Olympus ESG-400 plasmakinetic loop bipolar device using a U-shaped cutting loop, 160V cutting/80V coagulation settings and normal saline for irrigation was used. Results In the monopolar resection group; obturator reflex was seen in 4 (8%) patients. Bladder perforation caused by the obturator reflex was seen in 4 (8%) patients, but hemorrhage and other major complications were not seen in this group. In the bipolar resection group; obturator reflex was seen in 15 (34%) patients. Bladder perforation caused by the obturator reflex was seen in 10 (23%) patients. Conclusions Bipolar transurethral resection of bladder tumor was not superior to monopolar resection with respect to obturator reflex and bladder perforation. We conclude that we do not yet have enough experience concerning the long-term complications and major complications associated with bipolar resection of bladder cancer. PMID:26568867

  7. Using MRI to non-invasively and accurately quantify preoperative hepatic steatosis.

    PubMed

    Clarke, Callisia N; Choi, Haesun; Hou, Ping; Davis, Catherine H; Ma, Jingfei; Rashid, Asif; Vauthey, Jean-Nicolas; Aloia, Thomas A

    2017-08-01

    The obesity epidemic has significantly increased the incidence and severity of hepatic steatosis in liver surgery patients and liver donors, potentially impacting postoperative liver regeneration and function. Development of a non-invasive means to quantify hepatic steatosis would facilitate selection of candidates for liver resection and transplant donation. An IRB-approved protocol prospectively enrolled 28 patients with liver tumors requiring hepatic resection. In all patients, fast dual-echo gradient-echo MR images were acquired using 2-Point Dixon technique in 2D and 3D. The degree of steatosis was quantified by percent fat fraction (%FF) from in- and out-of-phase, and water-only and fat-only images. The technique-specific %FFs were compared to intraoperative and histopathological findings. For patients with >30% steatosis by histology, the mean %FF was 22% (SD ± 5.2%) compared to a mean %FF of 5.0% (SD ± 2.1%, p = 0.0001) in patients with <30% steatosis. Using scaled values for the MR-calculated %FF, all patients with >30% pathologic steatosis could be identified preoperatively. Quantitative MRI identified patients with clinically-relevant steatosis with 100% accuracy. These findings could have significant impact on the management of liver resection patients and transplant donors. Copyright © 2017 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Anatomical resection of hepatocellular carcinoma: A critical review of the procedure and its benefits on survival

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Koo Jeong; Ahn, Keun Soo

    2017-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common type of cancer and the third most frequent cause of cancer-related death. Advances in preoperative assessment of HCC (e.g., imaging studies and liver function tests), surgical techniques, and postoperative care have improved the surgical outcomes and survival of patients who undergo hepatic resection for HCC. However, in the last 20 years, the long-term survival after hepatectomy has remained unsatisfactory owing to the high rates of local recurrence and multicentric occurrence. Anatomical liver resection (AR) was introduced in the 1980s. Although several studies have revealed tangible benefits of AR for HCC, these benefits are still debated. Because most HCCs occur in patients with liver cirrhosis and poor hepatic function, there are many factors that affect survival, including the surgical method. Nevertheless, many studies have documented the perioperative and long-term benefits of AR in various conditions. In this article, we review the results of several recently published, well-designed comparative studies of AR, to investigate whether AR provides real benefits on survival outcomes. We also discuss the potential pitfalls associated with this approach. PMID:28275294

  9. Recognition of Intrabiliary Hepatic Metastases From Colorectal Adenocarcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Povoski, Stephen P.; Klimstra, David S.; Brown, Karen T.; Schwartz, Lawrence H.; Kurtz, Robert C.; Jarnagin, William R.; Fong, Yuman

    2000-01-01

    Intrinsic involvement of bile ducts, by metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma growing from within or invading the lumen of bile ducts, is not a well recognized pattern of tumor growth. Clinical, radiographic, operative, and histopathologic aspects of 15 patients with intrabiliary colorectal metastases were described. Fourteen patients were explored for possible hepatic resection. Two had jaundice, two radiographic evidence of an intrabiliary filling defect, 10 intraoperative evidence of intrabiliary tumor, and six microscopic evidence of intrabiliariy tumor. Eleven patients underwent hepatic resection. Five of the resected patients developed hepatic recurrence. Four patients were explored for possible repeat resection. One had jaundice, one radiographic evidence of an intrabiliary filling defect, all had intraoperative evidence of intrabiliary tumor, and three microscopic evidence of intrabiliary tumor. Three patients underwent repeat hepatic resection. All patients with preoperative jaundice and radiographic evidence of an intrabiliary filling defect were unresectable. Overall, actuarial five-year survival is 33% for those patients resected versus 0% for those not resected. Intraoperative recognition of intrabiliary tumor at exploration for hepatic resection was more common than clinical, radiographic, or histopathologic recognition. More diligent examination of resected liver tissue by the surgeon and pathologist may increase identification of bile duct involvement and aid in achieving adequate tumor clearance. PMID:10977117

  10. Hepatic 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 activity in obesity and type 2 diabetes using a novel triple tracer cortisol technique

    PubMed Central

    Dube, Simmi; Norby, Barbara; Pattan, Vishwanath; Lingineni, Ravi K.; Singh, Ravinder J.; Carter, Rickey E.; Basu, Ananda

    2017-01-01

    Aims/hypothesis Dysregulation of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11β-HSD) enzyme activities are implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity and insulin resistance. The aim of the study was to determine whether hepatic 11β-HSD type 1 (11β-HSD-1) enzyme activity differs in people with and without obesity and type 2 diabetes. Methods We measured hepatic 11β-HSD-1 activity in the overnight fasted state in 20 lean non-diabetic participants (LND), 21 overweight/obese non-diabetic participants (OND) and 20 overweight/obese participants with type 2 diabetes (ODM) using a non-invasive approach. One mg doses of [9,12,12-2H3]cortisol (D cortisol) and [4-13C]cortisone ([13C]cortisone) were ingested, while [1,2,6,7-3H]cortisol ([3H] cortisol) was infused intravenously to enable concurrent measurements of first-pass hepatic extraction of ingested D cortisol and hepatic conversion of ingested [13C]cortisone to C13 cortisol derived from the ingested cortisone (a measure of 11β-HSD-1 activity in the liver) using an isotope dilution technique. One-way ANOVA models and Kruskal–Wallis tests were used to test the hypothesis. Results Plasma D cortisol and C13 cortisol concentrations were lower in OND than in LND (p<0.05) over 6 h of the study. There was no difference (p=0.15) in C13 and D cortisol concentrations between OND and ODM and between LND and ODM for the same study period. Hepatic conversion of [13C]cortisone to C13 cortisol was similar between groups. Conclusions/interpretation Hepatic conversion of [13C]cortisone to C13 cortisol did not differ between the groups studied. We conclude that hepatic 11β-HSD-1 activity is similar in individuals who are overweight/obese or who have type 2 diabetes. PMID:24771091

  11. Double triangular resection for a widely prolapsed posterior mitral leaflet†

    PubMed Central

    Sawazaki, Masaru; Tomari, Shiro; Tsunekawa, Tomohiro; Izawa, Naoto

    2013-01-01

    A wide and redundant prolapse of the posterior mitral leaflet in active infective endocarditis cannot be easily repaired. A sliding plasty can be attempted, but the range of annular plication is often too large. Chordal replacement is another option, but is prone to long-term degeneration because the redundant leaflet still exists. Here, we describe a simple resection technique that utilizes only two small triangular resections. The resections are sutured with no need to shorten the annulus. The leaflet tissue between the two triangular resections must be preserved to make an appropriately shaped posterior leaflet. PMID:23223672

  12. [Elective resection of the spleen--overview of resection technics and description of a new technic based on radiofrequency coagulation and dessication].

    PubMed

    Milićević, M; Bulajić, P; Zuvela, M; Raznatović, Z; Obradović, V; Lekić, N; Palibrk, I; Basarić, D

    2002-01-01

    The authors present a short overview of the development of elective splenic resections. Past and present indications are presented. Contemporary hemostatic technique for elective splenic resection are discussed. An original new technique for transsegmental partial splenic resection using RF generator Radionic Cool Tip(without any aditional hemostatic procedures is presented. This technique is inovative and when use properly it is a practically zero blood loos technique. A patient with transsegmental splenic resection using RF generator is presented. Further clinical application of the technique is necessary.

  13. Hepatic artery reinforcement after post pancreatectomy haemorrhage caused by pancreatitis

    PubMed Central

    Merdrignac, Aude; Bergeat, Damien; Levi Sandri, Giovanni Battista; Agus, Marina; Boudjema, Karim; Sulpice, Laurent

    2016-01-01

    Post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage (PPH) is a major complication occurring in 6–8% of patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Arterial bleeding is the most frequent cause. Mortality rate could reach 30% after grade C PPH according to ISGPS classification. Complete interruption of hepatic arterial flow has to be a salvage procedure because of the high risk of intrahepatic abscess following the procedure. We report a technique to perform an artery reinforcement after PPH caused by pancreatitis. A PD according to Whipple’s procedure with child’s reconstruction was performed in a 68-year-old man. At postoperative day 12, the patient presented a sudden violent abdominal pain with arterial hypotension and tachycardia. Computed tomography (CT) with intravenous contrast injection was performed. Arterial and venous phases showed a contrast extravasation on the hepatic artery. Origin of PPH was found as an erosion of hepatic artery caused by pancreatic leak. A peritoneal patch was placed around hepatic artery to reinforce damaged arterial wall. The peritoneal patch was harvested from right hypochondrium with a thin preperitoneal fat layer. The patch was sutured around hepatic artery with musculoaponeurotic face placed on the arterial wall. A CT was performed and hepatic artery was permeable with normal caliber in the portion of peritoneal patch reinforcement. The technique described in the present case consists in reinforcing directly arterial wall after occurrence of PPH. The use of a peritoneal patch during pancreatic surgery has first been described to replace a portion of portal vein after venous resection with the peritoneal layer placed on the intraluminal side of the vein. The present case describes a salvage technique to reinforce damaged artery after PPH in context of pancreatic leak. This simple technique could be useful to avoid complex arterial reconstruction and recurrent bleeding in septic context. PMID:27563565

  14. Physeal bridge resection.

    PubMed

    Khoshhal, Khalid I; Kiefer, Gerhard N

    2005-01-01

    Growth arrest secondary to physeal bridge formation is an uncommon but well-recognized complication of physeal fractures and other injuries. Regardless of the underlying etiology, physeal bridges may cause angular and/or longitudinal growth disturbances, with progression dependent on the remaining physeal growth potential. Physeal bridge resection and insertion of interposition material releases the tethering effect of the bridge. Physeal bridge resection has become an accepted treatment option for patients with existing or developing deformity and for those with at least 2 years or 2 cm of growth remaining. Current experimental research is focused on the use of gene therapy and other factors that enhance chondrocyte proliferation to improve the management of growth arrest. The use of cartilage and cultured chondrocytes as interposition material after physeal bridge resection is an area of active research.

  15. Laparoscopic anatomic liver resection

    PubMed Central

    Vibert, Eric; Kouider, Ali

    2004-01-01

    Background Liver resection is reputed to be one of the most difficult procedures embraced in laparoscopy. This report shows that with adequate training, anatomical liver resection including major hepatectomies can be performed. Methods This is a retrospective study. Results From 1995 to 2004, among 84 laparoscopic liver resections, 46 (54%) anatomical laparoscopic hepatectomies were performed in our institution by laparoscopy. Nine (20%) patients had benign disease while 37 (80%) had malignant lesions. Among those with malignant lesions, 14 patients had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 18 had colorectal metastasis (CRM), while 5 had miscellaneous tumours. For benign disease, minor (two Couinaud's segments or less) and major anatomic hepatectomies were performed in five and four patients, respectively. For malignant lesions, minor and major anatomic hepatectomies were performed in 15 and 22 patients, respectively. Overall, conversion to laparotomy was necessary in 7 (15%) patients. Blood transfusion was required in five (10%) patients. One patient died of cerebral infarction 8 days after a massive peroperative haemorrhage. The overall morbidity rate was 34% whatever the type of resection. Three patients required reoperation, either for haemorrhage (n=1) and/or biliary leak (n=2). For CRM (n=18), overall and disease-free survival at 24 months (mean follow-up of 17 months) were 100% and 56%, respectively. For HCC (n=14), overall and disease-free survival at 36 months (mean follow-up of 29 months) were 91% and 65%, respectively. No port site metastasis occurred in patients with malignancy. Conclusions After a long training with limited liver resection in superficial segments, laparoscopic anatomical minor and major resections are feasible. Short-term carcinological results seem to be similar to those obtained with laparotomy. PMID:18333079

  16. Aggressive surgical resection for concomitant liver and lung metastasis in colorectal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sung Hwan; Kim, Sung Hyun; Lim, Jin Hong; Kim, Sung Hoon; Lee, Jin Gu; Kim, Dae Joon; Choi, Gi Hong; Choi, Jin Sub

    2016-01-01

    Backgrounds/Aims Aggressive surgical resection for hepatic metastasis is validated, however, concomitant liver and lung metastasis in colorectal cancer patients is equivocal. Methods Clinicopathologic data from January 2008 through December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed in 234 patients with colorectal cancer with concomitant liver and lung metastasis. Clinicopathologic factors and survival data were analyzed. Results Of the 234 patients, 129 (55.1%) had synchronous concomitant liver and lung metastasis from colorectal cancer and 36 (15.4%) had metachronous metastasis. Surgical resection was performed in 33 patients (25.6%) with synchronous and 6 (16.7%) with metachronous metastasis. Surgical resection showed better overall survival in both groups (synchronous, p=0.001; metachronous, p=0.028). In the synchronous metastatic group, complete resection of both liver and lung metastatic lesions had better survival outcomes than incomplete resection of two metastatic lesions (p=0.037). The primary site of colorectal cancer and complete resection were significant prognostic factors (p=0.06 and p=0.003, respectively). Conclusions Surgical resection for hepatic and pulmonary metastasis in colorectal cancer can improve complete remission and survival rate in resectable cases. Colorectal cancer with concomitant liver and lung metastasis is not a poor prognostic factor or a contraindication for surgical treatments, hence, an aggressive surgical approach may be recommended in well-selected resectable cases. PMID:27621747

  17. Intestinal adaptation following resection.

    PubMed

    Tappenden, Kelly A

    2014-05-01

    Intestinal adaptation is a natural compensatory process that occurs following extensive intestinal resection, whereby structural and functional changes in the intestine improve nutrient and fluid absorption in the remnant bowel. In animal studies, postresection structural adaptations include bowel lengthening and thickening and increases in villus height and crypt depth. Functional changes include increased nutrient transporter expression, accelerated crypt cell differentiation, and slowed transit time. In adult humans, data regarding adaptive changes are sparse, and the mechanisms underlying intestinal adaptation remain to be fully elucidated. Several factors influence the degree of intestinal adaptation that occurs post resection, including site and extent of resection, luminal stimulation with enteral nutrients, and intestinotrophic factors. Two intestinotrophic growth factors, the glucagon-like peptide 2 analog teduglutide and recombinant growth hormone (somatropin), are now approved for clinical use in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). Both agents enhance fluid absorption and decrease requirements for parenteral nutrition (PN) and/or intravenous fluid. Intestinal adaptation has been thought to be limited to the first 1-2 years following resection in humans. However, recent data suggest that a significant proportion of adult patients with SBS can achieve enteral autonomy, even after many years of PN dependence, particularly with trophic stimulation.

  18. Long-term outcomes after surgical resection for gastric cancer liver metastasis: an analysis of 64 macroscopically complete resections.

    PubMed

    Takemura, Nobuyuki; Saiura, Akio; Koga, Rintaro; Arita, Junichi; Yoshioka, Ryuji; Ono, Yoshihiro; Hiki, Naoki; Sano, Takeshi; Yamamoto, Junji; Kokudo, Norihiro; Yamaguchi, Toshiharu

    2012-08-01

    The indication for hepatectomy in cases of gastric cancer liver metastases (GLM) remains unclear and it remains controversial whether surgical resection is beneficial for GLM. The objective of this retrospective study was to clarify the indications for and benefit of hepatectomy for GLM. Seventy-three patients underwent hepatectomies for GLM from January 1993 to January 2011. Macroscopically complete (R0 or R1) resection was achieved in 64 patients. Among them, 32 patients underwent synchronous hepatectomy with gastrectomy and the remaining 32 patients underwent metachronous hepatectomy. Repeat hepatectomy was done in 14 patients for resectable intrahepatic recurrences. Clinicopathological factors were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses among patients who received macroscopically complete resection for those affecting survival. The overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates after macroscopically complete (R0 or R1) liver resection (n = 64) for GLM were 84, 50, and 37 %, respectively, with a median survival of 34 months. Univariate analysis identified serosal invasion of the primary gastric cancer and blood transfusions during surgery as poor prognosis indicators. By multivariate analysis, serosal invasion of the primary gastric cancer and larger hepatic tumor (>5 cm in diameter) were found to be independent indicators of poor prognosis. GLM patients with the maximum diameter of hepatic tumors of <5 cm and without serosal invasion of the primary gastric cancer are the best candidate for hepatectomy.

  19. Endoscopic Resection of the Tarsal Tunnel Ganglion.

    PubMed

    Lui, Tun Hing

    2016-10-01

    The tarsal tunnel ganglion is a cause of posterior tarsal tunnel syndrome. Open resection of the ganglion calls for release of the flexor retinaculum and dissection around the tibial neurovascular bundle. This can induce fibrosis around the tibial nerve. We report the technique of endoscopic resection of the tarsal tunnel ganglion. It is indicated for tarsal tunnel ganglia arising from the adjacent joints or tendon sheaths and compressing the tibial nerve from its deep side. It is contraindicated if there is other pathology of the tarsal tunnel that demands open surgery; if the ganglion compresses the tibial nerve from its superficial side, which calls for a different endoscopic approach using the ganglion portal; or if an intraneural ganglion of the tibial nerve is present. The purpose of this technical note is to describe a minimally invasive approach for endoscopic resection of the tarsal tunnel ganglion.

  20. [Resection of a laterally spreading tumor by strip biopsy].

    PubMed

    Tarta, C; Teixeira, C R; Chiele-Neto, C; de Barros, S G

    1997-01-01

    A male white patient 58 years-old was submitted to colonoscopy for follow-up of surgical resection of an advanced colorectal carcinoma 33 months ago. Small polyps were observed in the colons and histopathological examination proved to be tubular adenomas with moderate dysplasia. At the hepatic flexure of the transverse colon a large flat-elevated laterally spreading tumor measuring 2.5 cm in diameter was observed. After spraying of methilene-blue 0.1% the margins of the lesion were demarcated and following saline injection under the lesion it was completely resected in one single procedure. Histologically, the lesion was diagnosed as intramucosal adenocarcinoma.

  1. Stress response to laparoscopic liver resection

    PubMed Central

    Ueda, Kazuki; Turner, Patricia

    2004-01-01

    Background: The magnitude of the systemic response is proportional to the degree of surgical trauma. Much has been reported in the literature comparing metabolic and immune responses, analgesia use, or length of hospital stay between laparoscopic and open procedures. In particular, metabolic and immune responses are represented by measuring various chemical mediators as stress responses. Laparoscopic procedures are associated with reduced operative trauma compared with open procedures, resulting in lower systemic response. As a result, laparoscopic procedures are now well accepted for both benign and malignant processes. Laparoscopic liver resection, specifically, is employed for symptomatic and some malignant tumors, following improvements in diagnostic accuracy, laparoscopic devices, and techniques. However, laparoscopic liver resection is still controversial in malignant disease because of complex anatomy, the technical difficulty of the procedure, and questionable indications. There are few reports describing the stress responses associated with laparoscopic liver resection, even though many studies reviewing stress responses have been performed recently in both humans and animal models comparing laparoscopic to conventional open surgery. Although this review examines stress response after laparoscopic liver resection in both an animal and human clinical model, further controlled randomized studies with additional investigations of immunologic parameters are needed to demonstrate the consequences of either minimally invasive surgery or open procedures on perioperative or postoperative stress responses for laparoscopic liver resection. PMID:18333082

  2. Viral Hepatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... with hepatitis? How does a pregnant woman pass hepatitis B virus to her baby? If I have hepatitis B, what does my baby need so that she ... Can I breastfeed my baby if I have hepatitis B? More information on viral hepatitis What is hepatitis? ...

  3. Neuroendoscopic Resection of Intraventricular Tumors: A Systematic Outcomes Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Barber, Sean M.; Baskin, David

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Though traditional microsurgical techniques are the gold standard for intraventricular tumor resection, the morbidity and invasiveness of microsurgical approaches to the ventricular system have galvanized interest in neuroendoscopic resection. We present a systematic review of the literature to provide a better understanding of the virtues and limitations of endoscopic tumor resection. Materials and Methods. 40 articles describing 668 endoscopic tumor resections were selected from the Pubmed database and reviewed. Results. Complete or near-complete resection was achieved in 75.0% of the patients. 9.9% of resected tumors recurred during the follow-up period, and procedure-related complications occurred in 20.8% of the procedures. Tumor size ≤ 2cm (P = 0.00146), the presence of a cystic tumor component (P < 0.0001), and the use of navigation or stereotactic tools during the procedure (P = 0.0003) were each independently associated with a greater likelihood of complete or near-complete tumor resection. Additionally, the complication rate was significantly higher for noncystic masses than for cystic ones (P < 0.0001). Discussion. Neuroendoscopic outcomes for intraventricular tumor resection are significantly better when performed on small, cystic tumors and when neural navigation or stereotaxy is used. Conclusion. Neuroendoscopic resection appears to be a safe and reliable treatment option for patients with intraventricular tumors of a particular morphology. PMID:24191196

  4. Local resection of the stomach for gastric cancer.

    PubMed

    Kinami, Shinichi; Funaki, Hiroshi; Fujita, Hideto; Nakano, Yasuharu; Ueda, Nobuhiko; Kosaka, Takeo

    2017-06-01

    The local resection of the stomach is an ideal method for preventing postoperative symptoms. There are various procedures for performing local resection, such as the laparoscopic lesion lifting method, non-touch lesion lifting method, endoscopic full-thickness resection, and laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery. After the invention and widespread use of endoscopic submucosal dissection, local resection has become outdated as a curative surgical technique for gastric cancer. Nevertheless, local resection of the stomach in the treatment of gastric cancer in now expected to make a comeback with the clinical use of sentinel node navigation surgery. However, there are many issues associated with local resection for gastric cancer, other than the normal indications. These include gastric deformation, functional impairment, ensuring a safe surgical margin, the possibility of inducing peritoneal dissemination, and the associated increase in the risk of metachronous gastric cancer. In view of these issues, there is a tendency to regard local resection as an investigative treatment, to be applied only in carefully selected cases. The ideal model for local resection of the stomach for gastric cancer would be a combination of endoscopic full-thickness resection of the stomach using an ESD device and hand sutured closure using a laparoscope or a surgical robot, for achieving both oncological safety and preserved functions.

  5. Simultaneous resection of primary colorectal cancer and synchronous liver metastases: a population-based study

    PubMed Central

    Nanji, Sulaiman; Mackillop, William J.; Wei, Xuejiao; Booth, Christopher M.

    2017-01-01

    Background Simultaneous resection of primary colorectal cancer (CRC) and synchronous liver metastases (LM) is gaining interest. We describe management and outcomes of patients undergoing simultaneous resection in the general population. Methods All patients with CRC who underwent surgical resection of LM between 2002 and 2009 were identified using the population-based Ontario Cancer Registry and linked electronic treatment records. Synchronous disease was defined as having resection of CRCLM within 12 weeks of surgery for the primary tumour. Results During the study period, 1310 patients underwent resection of CRCLM. Of these, 226 (17%) patients had synchronous disease; 100 (44%) had a simultaneous resection and 126 (56%) had a staged resection. For the simultaneous and the staged groups, the mean number of liver lesions resected was 1.6 and 2.3, respectively (p < 0.001); the mean size of the largest lesion was 3.1 and 4.8 cm, respectively (p < 0.001); and the major hepatic resection rate was 21% and 79%, respectively (p < 0.001). Postoperative mortality for simultaneous cases at 90 days was less than 5%. Five-year overall survival and cancer-specific survival for patients with simultaneous resection was 36% (95% confidence interval [CI] 26%–45%) and 37% (95% CI 25%–50%), respectively. Simultaneous resections are common in the general population. A more conservative approach is being adopted for simultaneous resections by limiting the extent of liver resection. Postoperative mortality and long-term survival in this patient population is similar to that reported in other contemporary series. Conclusion Compared with a staged approach, patients undergoing simultaneous resections had fewer and smaller liver metastases and underwent less aggressive resections. One-third of these patients achieved long-term survival. PMID:28234215

  6. Transurethral marking incision of the bladder neck: a helpful technique in robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy involving post-transurethral resection of the prostate and cancers protruding into the bladder neck.

    PubMed

    Kurokawa, Satoshi; Tozawa, Keiichi; Umemoto, Yukihiro; Yasui, Takahiro; Mizuno, Kentaro; Okada, Atsushi; Kawai, Noriyasu; Hayashi, Yutaro; Kohri, Kenjiro

    2013-08-17

    Bladder neck transection is one of the most difficult procedures for robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP), particularly in patients who have undergone previous transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P), and in those with large median lobes or prostate cancer protruding into the bladder neck. To ensure negative surgical margins and safely preserve the ureteral orifices during bladder neck transection, we propose the use of the transurethral resectoscope for making the incision in the bladder neck before initiating RALP. Thus, we developed a technique for bladder neck transection to facilitate this operation in such patients. Two Japanese men, aged 61 and 63 years, who were diagnosed with prostate cancer, received a transurethral marking incision of the bladder neck before starting RALP; prostate cancer developed in one patient after TUR-P and the other patient had cancer protruding into the bladder neck. A transurethral resectoscope was used to closely observe the ureteral orifices and bladder necks; the bladder necks were marked to indicate the depth from the mucosa to the muscular layer. During the RALP, the bladder necks were dissected to indicate the depth of the marking incision. The surgical margins were negative and perioperative complications did not occur. The Foley catheters were removed on postoperative day 6, according to the usual protocol. No urinary leakage from the anastomosis sites was observed. This technique, involving the use of an ordinary transurethral resectoscope, may be an easy procedure to ensure negative surgical margins, safely preserve the ureteral orifices, avoid increasing the bladder neck diameter, and achieve a good quality vesicourethral anastomosis that prevents the risk of suture-related tissue tears.

  7. Transoesophageal Doppler compared to central venous pressure for perioperative hemodynamic monitoring and fluid guidance in liver resection.

    PubMed

    El Sharkawy, Osama A; Refaat, Emad K; Ibraheem, Abdel Elmoniem M; Mahdy, Wafiya R; Fayed, Nirmeen A; Mourad, Wesam S; Abd Elhafez, Hanaa S; Yassen, Khaled A

    2013-10-01

    Major hepatic resections may result in hemodynamic changes. Aim is to study transesophageal Doppler (TED) monitoring and fluid management in comparison to central venous pressure (CVP) monitoring. A follow-up comparative hospital based study. 59 consecutive cirrhotic patients (CHILD A) undergoing major hepatotomy. CVP monitoring only (CVP group), (n=30) and TED (Doppler group), (n=29) with CVP transduced but not available on the monitor. Exclusion criteria include contra-indication for Doppler probe insertion or bleeding tendency. An attempt to reduce CVP during the resection in both groups with colloid restriction, but crystalloids infusion of 6 ml/kg/h was allowed to replace insensible loss. Post-resection colloids infusion were CVP guided in CVP group (5-10 mmHg) and corrected flow time (FTc) aortic guided in Doppler group (>0.4 s) blood products given according to the laboratory data. Using the FTc to guide Hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 significantly decreased intake in TED versus CVP (1.03 [0.49] versus 1.74 [0.41] Liter; P<0.05). Nausea, vomiting, and chest infection were less in TED with a shorter hospital stay (P<0.05). No correlation between FTc and CVP (r=0.24, P > 0.05). Cardiac index and stroke volume of TED increased post-resection compared to baseline, 3.0 (0.9) versus 3.6 (0.9) L/min/m(2), P<0.05; 67.1 (14.5) versus 76 (13.2) ml, P<0.05, respectively, associated with a decrease in systemic vascular resistance (SVR) 1142.7 (511) versus 835.4 (190.9) dynes.s/cm(5), P<0.05. No significant difference in arterial pressure and CVP between groups at any stage. CVP during resection in TED 6.4 (3.06) mmHg versus 6.1 (1.4) in CVP group, P=0.6. TED placement consumed less time than CVP (7.3 [1.5] min versus 13.2 [2.9], P<0.05). TED in comparison to the CVP monitoring was able to reduced colloids administration post-resection, lower morbidity and shorten hospital stay. TED consumed less time to insert and was also able to present significant hemodynamic changes

  8. Single incision glove port laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection

    PubMed Central

    Joshi, HMN; Gosselink, MP; Adusumilli, S; Hompes, R; Cunningham, C; Lindsey, I

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The advantages of single port surgery remain controversial. This study was designed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of single incision glove port colon resections using a diathermy hook, reusable ports and standard laparoscopic straight instrumentation. Methods Between June 2012 and February 2014, 70 consecutive patients (30 women) underwent a colonic resection using a wound retractor and glove port. Forty patients underwent a right hemicolectomy through the umbilicus and thirty underwent attempted single port resection via an incision in the right rectus sheath (14 high anterior resection, 13 low anterior resection, 3 abdominoperineal resection). Results Sixty-two procedures (89%) were completed without conversion to open or multiport techniques. Four procedures had to be converted and additional ports were needed in four other patients. The postoperative mortality rate was 0%. Complications occurred in six patients (9%). Two cases were R1 while the remainder were R0 with a median nodal harvest of 20 (range: 9–48). The median length of hospital stay was 5 days (range: 3–25 days) (right hemicolectomy: 5 days (range: 3–12 days), left sided resection: 6 days (range: 4–25 days). At a median follow-up of 14 months, no port site hernias were observed. Conclusions Single incision glove port surgery is an appropriate technique for different colorectal cancer resections and has the advantage of being less expensive than surgery with commercial single incision ports. PMID:26263805

  9. Fluid extravasation caused by bladder perforation during bipolar transurethral resection using saline solution -a case report-.

    PubMed

    Park, Sun-Kyung; Cho, Woo-Jin; Choi, Yun-Suk

    2013-08-01

    Transurethral resection of the prostate is the gold standard in the operative management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate using saline solution is a safe technique and reduces the risk of transurethral resection syndrome. This report discusses a rare complication of bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate: the extravasation of 0.9% saline solution into intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal cavities due to bladder perforation, resulting in respiratory difficulties.

  10. ALPPS Procedure for Extended Liver Resections: A Single Centre Experience and a Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Vivarelli, Marco; Vincenzi, Paolo; Montalti, Roberto; Fava, Giammarco; Tavio, Marcello; Coletta, Martina; Vecchi, Andrea; Nicolini, Daniele; Agostini, Andrea; Ali Ahmed, Emad; Giovagnoni, Andrea; Mocchegiani, Federico

    2015-01-01

    Aim To report a single-centre experience with the novel Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) technique and systematically review the related literature. Methods Since January 2013, patients with extended primary or secondary liver tumors whose future liver remnant (FLR) was considered too small to allow hepatic resection were prospectively assessed for the ALPPS procedure. A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane Library Central. Results Until July 2014 ALPPS was completed in 9 patients whose mean age was 60±8 years. Indications for surgical resection were metastases from colorectal cancer in 3 cases, perihilar cholangiocarcinoma in 3 cases, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in 2 cases and hepatocellular carcinoma without chronic liver disease in 1 case. The calculated FLR volume was 289±122 mL (21.1±5.5%) before ALPPS-1 and 528±121 mL (32.2±5.7%) before ALLPS-2 (p<0.001). The increase in FLR between the two procedures was 96±47% (range: 24–160%, p<0.001). Additional interventions were performed in 4 cases: 3 patients underwent Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy, and one case underwent wedge resection of a residual tumor in the FLR. The average time between the first and second step of the procedure was 10.8±2.9 days. The average hospital stay was 24.1±13.3 days. There was 1 postoperative death due to hepatic failure in the oldest patient of this series who had a perihilar cholangiocarcinoma and concomitant liver fibrosis; 11 complications occurred in 6 patients, 4 of whom had grade III or above disease. After a mean follow-up of 17.1±8.5 months, the overall survival was 89% at 3–6 and 12 months. The recurrence-free survival was 100%, 87.5% and 75% at 3-6-12 months respectively. The literature search yielded 148 articles, of which 22 articles published between 2012 and 2015 were included in this systematic review. Conclusion The ALPPS technique effectively increased the

  11. Management of hepatocellular adenoma: comparison of resection, embolization and observation

    PubMed Central

    Karkar, Ami M.; Tang, Laura H.; Kashikar, Nilesh D.; Gonen, Mithat; Solomon, Stephen B.; DeMatteo, Ronald P.; D' Angelica, Michael I.; Correa-Gallego, Camilo; Jarnagin, William R.; Fong, Yuman; Getrajdman, George I.; Allen, Peter; Kingham, T Peter

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Hepatocellular adenoma (HA) is an uncommon benign hepatic tumour with the potential for malignant change or spontaneous haemorrhage. Resection has been the recommended treatment, but outcomes with other approaches are ill defined. Methods Demographic and outcomes data were retrospectively collected on patients diagnosed with HA at a tertiary hepatobiliary centre from 1992–2011 whom underwent resection, bland embolization or observation. Results In total, 52 patients with 100 adenomas were divided into single HA (n = 27), multiple HA (n = 18), and adenomatosis (n = 7) groups. Eighty-seven per cent were female and 37% had a history of hormone use. Median sizes of resected, embolized and observed adenomas were 3.6 cm, 2.6 cm and 1.2 cm, respectively. Forty-eight adenomas were resected as a result of suspicion of malignancy (39%) or large size (39%); 61% of these were solitary. Thirty-seven were embolized for suspicion of malignancy (56%) or hsemorrhage (20%); 92% of these were multifocal. Two out of three resected adenomas with malignancy were ≥10 cm and recurred locally [4%, confidence interval (CI) 1–14%]. Ninety-two per cent of the embolized adenomas were effectively treated; three persisted (8.1%, CI 2–22%). Most observed lesions did not change over time. Conclusions While solitary adenomas are often resected, multifocal HAs are frequently embolized. Small adenomas can safely be observed. Given low recurrence rates, select HAs can be considered for embolization. PMID:23374365

  12. Detecting the replication of the hepatitis B virus using the ImmunoMax technique following treatment with interferon-alpha in children with chronic hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Kasprzak, Aldona; Wysocki, Jacek; Zabel, Maciej; Surdyk-Zasada, Joanna

    2002-01-01

    Children with HBV in Poland are treated with preparations of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha). The continuing lack of complete response to this type of anti-viral therapy remains to be explained. The application of cell biology techniques to identify the viral components in situ makes it possible to clarify the association between the distribution of the virus and morphological injury to the liver, the immune response of the host, and clinical symptoms in the natural course of infection. Our study was intended to evaluate HBV expression in liver biopsies taken an average of two years after completion of IFN-a therapy in 10 children with serological markers of persistent HBV infection. For the immunocytochemical detection of HBcAg and for the hybridocytochemical detection of HBV-DNA, the avidin-biotin-peroxidase (ABC) technique was employed, as well as classical in situ hybridization, both additionally amplified using the ImmunoMax technique. HBcAg and HBV-DNA levels were estimated using a semiquantitative technique. Our study demonstrated persistent active replication of HBV in the liver in all examined children. A mixed pattern of HBcAg localization prevailed (noted in cell nuclei, cytoplasm and cell membranes) with a somewhat lower proportion of involved cells and a more evident membrane localization of HBcAg, as compared to results obtained before treatment. HBV-DNA was observed in the cytoplasm of a fraction of hepatocytes similar to that noted before therapy. The ImmunoMax technique was found to be highly suitable for in situ monitoring of HBV replication after termination of IFN-a treatment. Children with focal distribution of HBcAg and HBV-DNA have the potential for earlier eradication of the virus from their livers.

  13. A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Conventional Technique Versus the No-touch Isolation Technique for Primary Tumor Resection in Patients with Colorectal Cancer: Japan Clinical Oncology Group Study JCOG1006

    PubMed Central

    Takii, Yasumasa; Shimada, Yasuhiro; Moriya, Yoshihiro; Nakamura, Kenichi; Katayama, Hiroshi; Kimura, Aya; Shibata, Taro; Fukuda, Haruhiko

    2014-01-01

    A randomized controlled trial is currently being conducted in Japan to demonstrate the superiority of the no-touch isolation technique over the conventional technique for patients with potentially curative colon and rectosigmoid cancer. The conventional technique procedure gives first priority to mobilization of the tumor-bearing segment of the colon, which is followed by central vascular ligation and ligation of other vasculature. Conversely, the no-touch isolation technique gives first priority to central vascular ligation, which is followed by mobilization of the tumor-bearing segment of the colon. A total of 850 patients will be enrolled in this trial. The primary endpoint is disease-free survival. Secondary endpoints are overall survival, relapse-free survival, liver metastasis-free survival, mode of recurrence, surgical morbidity, adverse events due to postoperative chemotherapy, serious adverse events and short-term clinical outcomes. PMID:24211857

  14. Intraorbital meningioma: resection through modified orbitozygomatic craniotomy.

    PubMed

    Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2012-01-01

    Intraorbital meningiomas are challenging lesions to excise because of their location and the restricted surgical corridor available due to the presence of important neighboring structures. Lesions located in the posterior one-third of the orbit require skull base approaches for their exposure and safe resection. Frontoorbital and modified orbitozygomatic (OZ) craniotomies may facilitate the exposure and resection of masses in the posterior intraorbital space. Specifically, the one-piece modified OZ craniotomy provides many advantages of the "full" OZ craniotomy (which includes a more extensive zygomatic osteotomy). The modified OZ approach minimizes the extent of frontal lobe retraction and provides ample amount of space for the surgeon to exploit all the working angles to resect the tumor. The following video presentation discusses the nuances of technique for resection of an intraorbital meningioma through modified OZ approach and optic nerve decompression. The nuances of technique will be discussed. The video can be found here: http://youtu.be/fP5X2QNr5qk.

  15. Arthroscopically assisted central physeal bar resection.

    PubMed

    Marsh, James S; Polzhofer, Gert K

    2006-01-01

    Thirty-seven central physeal bars were removed with an arthroscopically assisted technique. Thirty children (32 cases) have been followed to maturity or physeal closure. There were 19 boys and 11 girls, aged 4-14 years (mean, 9.5 years). Site of arrest was distal femur (15), proximal tibia (9), distal tibia (6), and distal radius (2). Mean follow-up was 6.5 years (range, 2-12 years). Adequate longitudinal growth was realized in 21 patients (70%) just after bar resection. Five patients (17%) required osteotomy, lengthening, or epiphysiodesis in addition to bar resection. In 4 patients (13%), bar resection failed. Failures occurred in those patients whose source of growth arrest was infection (3) or degree of physeal trauma approached 50% (1 case). This is the first series that studies and documents the efficacy of the arthroscope in central physeal bar resection. It provides the best visualization with minimal morbidity. The technique is described, including a discussion of technical tips and pitfalls.

  16. Parabolic resection for mitral valve repair.

    PubMed

    Drake, Daniel H; Drake, Charles G; Recchia, Dino

    2010-02-01

    Parabolic resection, named for the shape of the cut edges of the excised tissue, expands on a common 'trick' used by experienced mitral surgeons to preserve tissue and increase the probability of successful repair. Our objective was to describe and clinically analyze this simple modification of conventional resection. Thirty-six patients with mitral regurgitation underwent valve repair using parabolic resection in combination with other techniques. Institution specific mitral data, Society of Thoracic Surgeons data and preoperative, post-cardiopulmonary bypass (PCPB) and postoperative echocardiography data were collected and analyzed. Preoperative echocardiography demonstrated mitral regurgitation ranging from moderate to severe. PCPB transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated no regurgitation or mild regurgitation in all patients. Thirty-day surgical mortality was 2.8%. Serial echocardiograms demonstrated excellent repair stability. One patient (2.9%) with rheumatic disease progressed to moderate regurgitation 33 months following surgery. Echocardiography on all others demonstrated no or mild regurgitation at a mean follow-up of 22.8+/-12.8 months. No patient required mitral reintervention. Longitudinal analysis demonstrated 80% freedom from cardiac death, reintervention and greater than moderate regurgitation at four years following repair. Parabolic resection is a simple technique that can be very useful during complex mitral reconstruction. Early and intermediate echocardiographic studies demonstrate excellent results.

  17. Evolving Ablative Therapies for Hepatic Malignancy

    PubMed Central

    Hochwald, Steven N.

    2014-01-01

    The liver is a common site for both primary and secondary malignancy. Hepatic resection and transplantation are the two treatment modalities that have been shown to achieve complete cure, but only 10 to 20% of patients are candidates for these treatments. For the remaining patients, tumor ablation has emerged as the most promising alternative modality. In addition to providing local control and improving survival outcomes, tumor ablation also helps to down stage patients for potential curative treatments, both alone as well as in combination with other treatments. While tumor ablation can be achieved in multiple ways, the introduction of newer ablative techniques has shifted the focus from palliation to potentially curative treatment. Because the long-term safety and survival benefits are not substantive at present, it is important that we strive to evaluate the results from these studies using appropriate comparative outcome methodologies. PMID:24877069

  18. Impact of selective pituitary gland incision or resection on hormonal function after adenoma or cyst resection.

    PubMed

    Barkhoudarian, Garni; Cutler, Aaron R; Yost, Sam; Lobo, Bjorn; Eisenberg, Amalia; Kelly, Daniel F

    2015-12-01

    With the resection of pituitary lesions, the anterior pituitary gland often obstructs transsphenoidal access to the lesion. In such cases, a gland incision and/or partial gland resection may be required to obtain adequate exposure. We investigate this technique and determine the associated risk of post-operative hypopituitarism. All patients who underwent surgical resection of a pituitary adenoma or Rathke cleft cyst (RCC) between July 2007 and January 2013 were analyzed for pre- and post-operative hormone function. The cohort of patients with gland incision/resection were compared to a case-matched control cohort of pituitary surgery patients. Total hypophysectomy patients were excluded from outcome analysis. Of 372 operations over this period, an anterior pituitary gland incision or partial gland resection was performed in 79 cases (21.2 %). These include 53 gland incisions, 12 partial hemi-hypophysectomies and 14 resections of thinned/attenuated anterior gland. Diagnoses included 64 adenomas and 15 RCCs. New permanent hypopituitarism occurred in three patients (3.8 %), including permanent DI (3) and growth hormone deficiency (1). There was no significant difference in the rate of worsening gland dysfunction nor gain of function. Compared to a control cohort, there was a significantly lower incidence of transient DI (1.25 vs. 11.1 %, p = 0.009) but no significant difference in permanent DI (3.8 vs. 4.0 %) in the gland incision group. Selective gland incisions and gland resections were performed in over 20 % of our cases. This technique appears to minimize traction on compressed normal pituitary gland during removal of large lesions and facilitates better visualization and removal of cysts, microadenomas and macroadenomas.

  19. Laparoscopic pancreatic resection.

    PubMed

    Harrell, K N; Kooby, D A

    2015-10-01

    Though initially slow to gain acceptance, the minimally invasive approach to pancreatic resection grew during the last decade and pancreatic operations such as the distal pancreatectomy and pancreatic enucleation are frequently performed laparoscopically. More complex operations such as the pancreaticoduodenectomy may also confer benefits with a minimally invasive approach but are less widely utilized. Though most research to date comparing open and laparoscopic pancreatectomy is retrospective, the current data suggest that compared with open, a laparoscopic procedure may afford postoperative benefits such as less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, and fewer wound complications. Regarding oncologic considerations, despite initial concerns, laparoscopic resection appears to be non-inferior to an open procedure in terms of lymph node retrieval, negative margin rates, and long-term survival. New technologies, such as robotics, are also gaining acceptance. Data show that while the laparoscopic approach incurs higher cost in the operating room, the resulting shorter hospital stay appears to be associated with an equivalent or lower overall cost. The minimally invasive approach to pancreatic resection can be safe and appropriate with significant patient benefits and oncologic non-inferiority based on existing data.

  20. Adjunctive role of preoperative liver magnetic resonance imaging for potentially resectable pancreatic cancer.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hyoung Woo; Lee, Jong-Chan; Paik, Kyu-Hyun; Kang, Jingu; Kim, Young Hoon; Yoon, Yoo-Seok; Han, Ho-Seong; Kim, Jaihwan; Hwang, Jin-Hyeok

    2017-06-01

    The adjunctive role of magnetic resonance imaging of the liver before pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has been unclear. We evaluated whether the combination of hepatic magnetic resonance imaging with multidetector computed tomography using a pancreatic protocol (pCT) could help surgeons select appropriate candidates and decrease the risk of early recurrence. We retrospectively enrolled 167 patients in whom complete resection was achieved without grossly visible residual tumor; 102 patients underwent pCT alone (CT group) and 65 underwent both hepatic magnetic resonance imaging and pCT (magnetic resonance imaging group). By adding hepatic magnetic resonance imaging during preoperative evaluation, hepatic metastases were newly discovered in 3 of 58 patients (5%) without hepatic lesions on pCT and 17 of 53 patients (32%) with indeterminate hepatic lesions on pCT. Patients with borderline resectability, a tumor size >3 cm, or preoperative carbohydrate antigen 19-9 level >1,000 U/mL had a greater rate of hepatic metastasis on subsequent hepatic magnetic resonance imaging. Among 167 patients in whom R0/R1 resection was achieved, the median overall survival was 18.2 vs 24.7 months (P = .020) and the disease-free survival was 8.5 vs 10.0 months (P = .016) in the CT and magnetic resonance imaging groups, respectively (median follow-up, 18.3 months). Recurrence developed in 82 (80%) and 43 (66%) patients in the CT and magnetic resonance imaging groups, respectively. The cumulative hepatic recurrence rate was greater in the CT group than in the magnetic resonance imaging group (P < .001). Preoperative hepatic magnetic resonance imaging should be considered in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, especially those with high tumor burden. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Extralevator abdominoperineal resection in the prone position.

    PubMed

    Flor-Lorente, Blas; Frasson, Matteo; Montilla, Erick

    2014-03-01

    The Miles operation is every day more in the limelight. The abdominoperineal resection compared to anterior resection results in increased rate of circumferential resection margin (CRM) infiltration, increased iatrogenic tumor perforation rate and poorer quality of the mesorectum. These worse results may be caused by excessive dissection between the distal mesorectum and the plane of the levator ani and the consequent "resection waist" or "cone" effect in the specimen. A wider excision of the pelvic floor muscles, known as extraelevator abdominoperineal resection (ELAPE), would provide a "cylindrical" specimen which would hypothetically reduce the risk of tumor perforation and CRM infiltration and local recurrence rate. However, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that the ELAPE is oncologically superior compared to standard abdominoperineal resection. Independently from the surgical technique adopted, another actual point of discussion is the position of the patient during the perineal part of the operation. The position on "prone" provides excellent pelvic exposure, a top-down dissection under direct vision and is very comfortable for the operating surgeons. However, there is no clear scientific evidence of the superiority of prone ELAPE over supine ELAPE in terms of oncologic results, morbidity and mortality. The laparoscopy seems to be the best surgical approach for the abdominal part of the operation, although it has not been validated so far by large prospective studies. Prospective, controlled and randomized trials are necessary to resolve all these issues. The current interest in a more accurate and standardized perineal surgery to obtain a cylindrical specimen, undoubtedly, will improve results. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Española de Cirujanos. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  2. Primary hepatic carcinoid tumor: case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Camargo, Éden Sartor; Viveiros, Marcelo de Melo; Corrêa, Isaac José Felippe; Robles, Laercio; Rezende, Marcelo Bruno

    2014-01-01

    Primary hepatic carcinoid tumors are extremely rare neoplasms derived from hormone-producing neuroendocrine cells. It is difficult to make their diagnosis before biopsy, surgical resection or necropsy. A recent publication described only 94 cases of these tumors. There is no sex predilection and apparently it has no association with cirrhosis or preexisting hepatic disease. The most effective treatment is hepatectomy, and resection is determined by size and location of the lesions. PMID:25628206

  3. The role of radiofrequency ablation for treatment of metachronous isolated hepatic metastasis from colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Lee, Byoung Chul; Lee, Hyun Gu; Park, In Ja; Kim, So Yeon; Kim, Ki-Hun; Lee, Jae Hoon; Kim, Chan Wook; Lee, Jong Lyul; Yoon, Yong Sik; Lim, Seok-Byung; Yu, Chang Sik; Kim, Jin Cheon

    2016-09-01

    We investigated recurrence pattern and oncologic outcomes after treatment of metachronous isolated liver metastases from colorectal cancer according to treatment modality.We retrospectively analyzed 123 patients treated with hepatic resection and 82 patients treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for metachronous isolated hepatic metastasis from colorectal cancer (HMCRC). We compared clinicopathological data, recurrence pattern, and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates after the treatment of hepatic metastasis between patients treated with RFA and resection.The patients in the 2 groups were similar in gender, location of primary tumor, disease-free interval to hepatic metastasis, pathologic stage of primary tumor, and number of hepatic metastasis. The age was older in RFA group but it was not statistically different. The mean diameter of the largest hepatic mass was greater in the resection group than in the RFA group (3.1 vs 1.9 cm, P < 0.001). Chemotherapy after the treatment of hepatic metastasis was more commonly given in hepatic resection group (76.4% vs 62.2%, P = 0.04). Recurrence after the treatment of hepatic metastasis was not significantly different between the 2 groups (54.5% vs 65.9% in the resection and RFA groups). However, intrahepatic recurrence without extra-hepatic metastases was more common in the RFA group than in the resection group (47.5% vs 12.1%, P < 0.001). The RFS rate after the treatment of hepatic metastasis was significantly higher in resection group (48.6% vs 33.7%, P = 0.015). The size and number of hepatic metastasis, primary tumor stage, disease-free interval to hepatic metastasis, and the modality of treatment (RFA vs resection) for hepatic metastasis were confirmed as associated factors with re-recurrence after the treatment of hepatic metastasis. Among patients with solitary hepatic metastases of ≤3 cm, marginal recurrence was higher in the RFA group (3% vs 17.2%) and re-RFA was performed to achieve comparable

  4. The role of radiofrequency ablation for treatment of metachronous isolated hepatic metastasis from colorectal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Byoung Chul; Lee, Hyun Gu; Park, In Ja; Kim, So Yeon; Kim, Ki-Hun; Lee, Jae Hoon; Kim, Chan Wook; Lee, Jong Lyul; Yoon, Yong Sik; Lim, Seok-Byung; Yu, Chang Sik; Kim, Jin Cheon

    2016-01-01

    Abstract We investigated recurrence pattern and oncologic outcomes after treatment of metachronous isolated liver metastases from colorectal cancer according to treatment modality. We retrospectively analyzed 123 patients treated with hepatic resection and 82 patients treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for metachronous isolated hepatic metastasis from colorectal cancer (HMCRC). We compared clinicopathological data, recurrence pattern, and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates after the treatment of hepatic metastasis between patients treated with RFA and resection. The patients in the 2 groups were similar in gender, location of primary tumor, disease-free interval to hepatic metastasis, pathologic stage of primary tumor, and number of hepatic metastasis. The age was older in RFA group but it was not statistically different. The mean diameter of the largest hepatic mass was greater in the resection group than in the RFA group (3.1 vs 1.9 cm, P < 0.001). Chemotherapy after the treatment of hepatic metastasis was more commonly given in hepatic resection group (76.4% vs 62.2%, P = 0.04). Recurrence after the treatment of hepatic metastasis was not significantly different between the 2 groups (54.5% vs 65.9% in the resection and RFA groups). However, intrahepatic recurrence without extra-hepatic metastases was more common in the RFA group than in the resection group (47.5% vs 12.1%, P < 0.001). The RFS rate after the treatment of hepatic metastasis was significantly higher in resection group (48.6% vs 33.7%, P = 0.015). The size and number of hepatic metastasis, primary tumor stage, disease-free interval to hepatic metastasis, and the modality of treatment (RFA vs resection) for hepatic metastasis were confirmed as associated factors with re-recurrence after the treatment of hepatic metastasis. Among patients with solitary hepatic metastases of ≤3 cm, marginal recurrence was higher in the RFA group (3% vs 17.2%) and re-RFA was performed to achieve

  5. Awake operative videothoracoscopic pulmonary resections.

    PubMed

    Pompeo, Eugenio; Mineo, Tommaso C

    2008-08-01

    moderately increasing the depth of sedation while maintaining spontaneous breathing. Finally, as long as the physiologic impact of awake metastasectomy is definitively elucidated, the authors believe this modality should be used for unilateral procedures, while deserving a staged bilateral approach for bilateral lung metastasectomy. Avoidance of general anesthesia results in a faster recovery with immediate return to many daily life activities, including drinking, eating, and walking, and a reduction in hospital stay and procedure-related costs. If confirmed with future studies, these results could advocate earlier resection of peripheral solitary pulmonary nodules, reducing the risk for delaying a diagnosis of unexpected pulmonary malignancy. Furthermore, potential new frontiers of awake thoracoscopic surgery might include assessment of feasibility and safety of anatomic resections in properly selected instances. Ethical and economical concerns push remorselessly for less frequent and less-invasive surgery. Administrators advocate minimal hospitalization and cost-saving treatments, whereas patients ultimately ask for appropriate health care. Thoracic surgeons of the third millennium must accept the challenge of this dynamic and rapidly evolving scenario without loosing the right root, which probably lays just between well-established conventional surgery techniques and newly available advanced technology tools. Awake thoracic surgery will benefit from evidence-based data that are progressively accumulating. Findings will stimulate experts to continue an active clinical investigation in this unpredictably evolving surgical field, which might ultimately lead to a better understanding of cardiorespiratory physiology and effects of the surgical pneumothorax and thoracic epidural anesthesia on perioperative, respiratory function in awake patients. As the Italian architect Renzo Piano recently stated, "Recovering in the past can be reassuring but the future is the only place

  6. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePlus

    ... your doctor may want you to get the hepatitis B vaccine (and maybe the hepatitis A vaccine, too), if you don't already have these viruses. If you have hepatitis C, you are more likely to catch hepatitis A or hepatitis B, which would cause more damage to your liver. ...

  7. Endoscopic resection of gastric submucosal tumors: A comparison of endoscopic nontunneling with tunneling resection and a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Qiang; Wang, Fei; Wei, Gong; Cai, Jian-Qun; Zhi, Fa-Chao; Bai, Yang

    2017-01-01

    Endoscopic tunneling resection is a relatively novel endoscopic technology for removing gastric submucosal tumors. Our study aimed to compare the differences between tunneling and nontunneling resection for gastric submucosal tumors. Resections of gastric submucosal tumors (n = 97) performed from 2010 to 2015 at our endoscopy center were reviewed, and PubMed was searched for clinical studies on gastric submucosal tumor resection by endoscopic nontunneling and tunneling techniques. At our endoscopy center, nontunneling (Group 1) and tunneling resection (Group 2) were performed for 78 and 19 submucosal tumors, respectively; median tumor diameters were 15 and 20 mm (P = 0.086), median procedural times were 50 and 75 min (P = 0.017), successful resection rates were 94.9% (74/78) and 89.5% (17/19) (P = 0.334), and en bloc resection rates were 95.9% (71/74) and 94.1% (16/17) (P = 0.569) in the Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Postoperative fever, delayed hemorrhage and perforation, hospitalization time, and hospitalization expense were statistically similar between the 2 groups. A literature review on gastric submucosal tumor resection suggested that the en bloc resection rates of the two methods for tumors with a median diameter of 15-30 mm were also high, and there were no relapses during the follow-up period. Both endoscopic nontunneling and tunneling resection seem to be effective and safe methods for removing relatively small gastric submucosal tumors. Compared with endoscopic nontunneling, tunneling resection does not seem to have distinct advantages for gastric submucosal tumors, and has a longer mean operative time.

  8. Endoscopic Resection of Gastric Submucosal Tumors: A Comparison of Endoscopic Nontunneling with Tunneling Resection and a Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Qiang; Wang, Fei; Wei, Gong; Cai, Jian-Qun; Zhi, Fa-Chao; Bai, Yang

    2017-01-01

    Background/Aim: Endoscopic tunneling resection is a relatively novel endoscopic technology for removing gastric submucosal tumors. Our study aimed to compare the differences between tunneling and nontunneling resection for gastric submucosal tumors. Materials and Methods: Resections of gastric submucosal tumors (n = 97) performed from 2010 to 2015 at our endoscopy center were reviewed, and PubMed was searched for clinical studies on gastric submucosal tumor resection by endoscopic nontunneling and tunneling techniques. Results: At our endoscopy center, nontunneling (Group 1) and tunneling resection (Group 2) were performed for 78 and 19 submucosal tumors, respectively; median tumor diameters were 15 and 20 mm (P = 0.086), median procedural times were 50 and 75 min (P = 0.017), successful resection rates were 94.9% (74/78) and 89.5% (17/19) (P = 0.334), and en bloc resection rates were 95.9% (71/74) and 94.1% (16/17) (P = 0.569) in the Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Postoperative fever, delayed hemorrhage and perforation, hospitalization time, and hospitalization expense were statistically similar between the 2 groups. A literature review on gastric submucosal tumor resection suggested that the en bloc resection rates of the two methods for tumors with a median diameter of 15–30 mm were also high, and there were no relapses during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Both endoscopic nontunneling and tunneling resection seem to be effective and safe methods for removing relatively small gastric submucosal tumors. Compared with endoscopic nontunneling, tunneling resection does not seem to have distinct advantages for gastric submucosal tumors, and has a longer mean operative time. PMID:28139501

  9. Video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement

    PubMed Central

    Klink, Christian D; Binnebösel, Marcel; Schmeding, Maximilian; van Dam, Ronald M; Dejong, Cornelis H; Junge, Karsten; Neumann, Ulf P

    2015-01-01

    Background Pyogenic liver abscesses are currently treated by either percutaneous computer tomography (CT)-guided drainage or by laparoscopic and a conventional liver resection when conservative treatment fails but may be associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Methods A minimally invasive technique involving debridement of right liver abscesses was employed using a minimally invasive video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement (VAHD) after unsuccessful percutaneous CT-guided drainage. Clinical data, complication rates and outcomes of patients were recorded retrospectively. Results Between 2011 and 2014, VAHD was performed on 10 patients at two centres with no observed recurrence of a liver abscess. The median age of the patients was 57 years (range 42–78) with a median pre-operative size of a liver abscess of 78 mm (range 40–115). The median operation time was 47 min (range 23–75), and the median postoperative hospital stay was 9 days (range 7–69). One patient developed a subcutaneous abscess that required further surgery. No patient died, and there were no major complications related to the VAHD. Conclusions Video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement is a feasible technique that shows promising results for the treatment of a recurrent right liver abscess. PMID:26096195

  10. Video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement.

    PubMed

    Klink, Christian D; Binnebösel, Marcel; Schmeding, Maximilian; van Dam, Ronald M; Dejong, Cornelis H; Junge, Karsten; Neumann, Ulf P

    2015-08-01

    Pyogenic liver abscesses are currently treated by either percutaneous computer tomography (CT)-guided drainage or by laparoscopic and a conventional liver resection when conservative treatment fails but may be associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. A minimally invasive technique involving debridement of right liver abscesses was employed using a minimally invasive video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement (VAHD) after unsuccessful percutaneous CT-guided drainage. Clinical data, complication rates and outcomes of patients were recorded retrospectively. Between 2011 and 2014, VAHD was performed on 10 patients at two centres with no observed recurrence of a liver abscess. The median age of the patients was 57 years (range 42-78) with a median pre-operative size of a liver abscess of 78 mm (range 40-115). The median operation time was 47 min (range 23-75), and the median postoperative hospital stay was 9 days (range 7-69). One patient developed a subcutaneous abscess that required further surgery. No patient died, and there were no major complications related to the VAHD. Video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement is a feasible technique that shows promising results for the treatment of a recurrent right liver abscess. © 2015 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.

  11. Laparoscopic colonic and rectal resection.

    PubMed

    Velez, P M

    1993-12-01

    The technology that has permitted the rapid advance of minimal access surgery has now made it feasible to perform laparoscopically assisted colon resections safely. As the instrumentation improves, specimen removal problems are solved, surgeons' sewing skills improve, and other anastomotic methods are devised, an increasing amount of colonic surgery will be done using laparoscopy. It is clear that the techniques now in use are evolving, and will be substantially different a few years hence. Previously accepted surgical principles may continue to be challenged by new techniques, which must be evaluated under strict protocol before being widely accepted. These operations should be performed by surgeons who are able to achieve the same level of radical operation that they would achieve through a laparotomy. Special training in advanced laparoscopic techniques including microsurgical suturing is a distinct advantage in performing these operations successfully. It may be best for surgeons to start with palliative procedures or operations for benign diseases of the colon, to avoid the risk of jeopardizing an operation for cancer.

  12. [Application of recombinant erythropoietin during preparation for hepatic transplantation operation from the living kindred donor].

    PubMed

    Kotenko, O G; Mazur, A P; Dykhovichnaia, N Iu; Popov, A O; Gusev, A V

    2007-07-01

    First experience of application of the blood autodonorship programme, using recombinant erythropoietin (Eprex) plus preparations containing iron during their preparation for partial hepatic resection, was analyzed. Realization of this programme had permitted to escape the performance of allogenic hemotransfusion in 71.4% of donors, in whom the right or left hepatic lobe was taken out and in 100%--the left lateral section. The erythropoietin dosage regimes in different types of hepatic resections in living kindred donors were proposed.

  13. Liver resection for advanced or aggressive colorectal cancer metastases in the era of effective chemotherapy: a review.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Kuniya; Ichikawa, Yasushi; Endo, Itaru

    2011-10-01

    Liver surgery has been known to cure metastatic colorectal cancer in a small proportion of patients. However, advances in procedural technique and chemotherapy now allow more patients to have safe, potentially curative surgery. Here we review surgery for unresectable colorectal liver metastases using an expert multidisciplinary approach. With multidisciplinary management of patients with effective chemotherapy that can downstage metastases, more patients with previously inoperable disease can benefit from surgery. Portal vein embolization results in hypertrophy of the future liver remnant; on occasions, combining embolization with staged liver resection permits potentially curative surgery for patients previously unable to survive resection. However, increasing use of chemotherapy has raised awareness of potential hepatotoxicity and other deleterious effects of cytotoxic agents. Prolonged prehepatectomy chemotherapy therefore can reduce resectability even using a 2-stage procedure. Suitable timing of surgery for unresectable liver metastases during chemotherapy is critical. Because of advances in chemotherapy, colorectal cancer, like ovarian cancer, can now show survival benefit from maximum surgical debulking. Benefit from such maximum hepatic debulking surgery for metastatic colorectal disease is uncertain, but likely. Surgery in isolation may be approaching technical limits, but is now likely to help more patients because of the success of complementary strategies, particularly newer chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Expert individualized multidisciplinary treatment planning and problem-solving is essential.

  14. A randomized trial comparing multiband mucosectomy and cap-assisted endoscopic resection for endoscopic piecemeal resection of early squamous neoplasia of the esophagus.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yue-Ming; Boerwinkel, David F; Qin, Xiumin; He, Shun; Xue, Liyan; Weusten, Bas L A M; Dawsey, Sanford M; Fleischer, David E; Dou, Li-Zhou; Liu, Yong; Lu, Ning; Bergman, Jacques J G H M; Wang, Gui-Qi

    2016-04-01

    Piecemeal endoscopic resection for esophageal high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN) or early squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is usually performed by cap-assisted endoscopic resection. This requires submucosal lifting and multiple snares. Multiband mucosectomy (MBM) uses a modified variceal band ligator without submucosal lifting. In high-risk areas where ESCC is common and endoscopic expertise is limited, MBM may be a better technique. We aimed to compare MBM to the cap-assisted technique for piecemeal endoscopic resection of esophageal ESCCs. Patients with mucosal HGIN/ESCC (2 - 6 cm, maximum two-thirds of esophageal circumference) were included. Lesions, delineated by 1.25 % Lugol staining, were randomized to MBM or cap-assisted piecemeal resection. Endpoints were procedure time and costs, complete endoscopic resection, adverse events, and absence of HGIN/ESCC at 3-month and 12-month follow-up.  Endoscopic resection was performed in 84 patients (59 men, mean age 60) using MBM (n = 42) or the endoscopic resection cap (n = 42). There were no differences in baseline characteristics. Endoscopic complete resection was achieved in all lesions. Procedure time was significantly shorter with MBM (11 vs. 22 minutes, P < 0.0001). One perforation, seen after using the endoscopic resection cap, was treated conservatively. Total costs of disposables were lower for MBM (€200 vs. €251, P = 0.04). At 3-month and 12-month follow-ups none of the patients had HGIN/ESCC at the resection site. Piecemeal endoscopic resection of esophageal ESCC with MBM is faster and cheaper than with the endoscopic resection cap. Both techniques are highly effective and safe. MBM may have significant advantages over the endoscopic resection cap technique, especially in countries where ESCC is extremely common but limited endoscopic expertise and resources exist. (Netherlands trial register: NTR 3246.). © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  15. Isolated hypoxic hepatic perfusion with tumor necrosis factor-alpha, melphalan, and mitomycin C using balloon catheter techniques: a pharmacokinetic study in pigs.

    PubMed Central

    van Ijken, M G; de Bruijn, E A; de Boeck, G; ten Hagen, T L; van der Sijp, J R; Eggermont, A M

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To validate the methodology of isolated hypoxic hepatic perfusion (IHHP) using balloon catheter techniques and to gain insight into the distribution of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), melphalan, and mitomycin C (MMC) through the regional and systemic blood compartments when applying these techniques. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: There is no standard treatment for unresectable liver tumors. Clinical results of isolated limb perfusion with high-dose TNF and melphalan for the treatment of melanoma and sarcoma have been promising, and attempts have been made to extrapolate this success to the isolated liver perfusion setting. The magnitude and toxicity of the surgical procedure, however, have limited clinical applicability. METHODS: Pigs underwent IHHP with TNF, melphalan, and MMC using balloon catheters or served as controls, receiving equivalent dosages of these agents intravenously. After a 20-minute perfusion, a washout procedure was performed for 10 minutes, after which isolation was terminated. Throughout the procedure and afterward, blood samples were obtained from the hepatic and systemic blood compartments and concentrations of perfused agents were determined. RESULTS: During perfusion, locoregional plasma drug concentrations were 20- to 40-fold higher than systemic concentrations. Compared with systemic concentrations after intravenous administration, regional concentrations during IHHP were up to 10-fold higher. Regional MMC and melphalan levels steadily declined during perfusion, indicating rapid uptake by the liver tissue; minimal systemic concentrations indicated virtually no leakage to the systemic blood compartment. During isolation, concentrations of TNF in the perfusate declined only slightly, indicating limited uptake by the liver tissue; no leakage of TNF to the systemic circulation was observed. After termination of isolation, systemic TNF levels showed only a minor transient elevation, indicating that the washout procedure at the end of

  16. Current role of bloodless liver resection

    PubMed Central

    Delis, Spiros G; Madariaga, Juan; Bakoyiannis, A; Dervenis, Ch

    2007-01-01

    Liver resections are demanding operations which can have life threatening complications although they are performed by experienced liver surgeons. Recently new technologies are applied in the field of liver surgery, having one goal: safer and easier liver operations. The aim of this article is to address the issue of bloodless liver resection using radiofrequency energy. Radionics, Cool-tipTM System and Tissue Link are some of the devices which are using radiofrequency energy. All information included in this article, refers to these devices in which we have personal experience in our unit of liver surgery. These devices take advantage of its unique combination of radiofrequency current and internal electrode cooling to perform sealing of the small vessels and biliary radicals. Dissection is also feasible with the cool-tip probe. For the purposes of this study patient sex, age, type of disease and type of surgical procedure in association with the duration of parenchymal transection, blood loss, length of hospital stay, morbidity and mortality were analyzed. Cool-tip RF device may provide a unique, simple and rather safe method of bloodless liver resections if used properly. It is indicated mostly in cirrhotic patients with challenging hepatectomies (segment VIII, central resections). The total operative time is eliminated and the average blood loss is significantly decreased. It is important to note that this technique should not be applied near the hilum or the vena cava to avoid damage of these structures. PMID:17352009

  17. Current role of bloodless liver resection.

    PubMed

    Delis, Spiros G; Madariaga, Juan; Bakoyiannis, A; Dervenis, Ch

    2007-02-14

    Liver resections are demanding operations which can have life threatening complications although they are performed by experienced liver surgeons. Recently new technologies are applied in the field of liver surgery, having one goal: safer and easier liver operations. The aim of this article is to address the issue of bloodless liver resection using radiofrequency energy. Radionics, Cool-tip System and Tissue Link are some of the devices which are using radiofrequency energy. All information included in this article, refers to these devices in which we have personal experience in our unit of liver surgery. These devices take advantage of its unique combination of radiofrequency current and internal electrode cooling to perform sealing of the small vessels and biliary radicals. Dissection is also feasible with the cool-tip probe. For the purposes of this study patient sex, age, type of disease and type of surgical procedure in association with the duration of parenchymal transection, blood loss, length of hospital stay, morbidity and mortality were analyzed. Cool-tip RF device may provide a unique, simple and rather safe method of bloodless liver resections if used properly. It is indicated mostly in cirrhotic patients with challenging hepatectomies (segment VIII, central resections). The total operative time is eliminated and the average blood loss is significantly decreased. It is important to note that this technique should not be applied near the hilum or the vena cava to avoid damage of these structures.

  18. Laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal benign neurilemmoma

    PubMed Central

    Park, Joon Seong; Kang, Chang Moo; Yoon, Dong Sup; Lee, Woo Jung

    2017-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to verify that laparoscopic resection for treating retroperitoneal benign neurilemmoma (NL) is expected to be favorable for complete resection of tumor with technical feasibility and safety. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 47 operations for retroperitoneal neurogenic tumor at Yonsei University College of Medicine, Severance Hospital and Gangnam Severance Hospital between January 2005 and September 2015. After excluding 21 patients, the remaining 26 were divided into 2 groups: those who underwent open surgery (OS) and those who underwent laparoscopic surgery (LS). We compared clinicopathological features between the 2 groups. Results There was no significant difference in operation time, estimated blood loss, transfusion, complication, recurrence, or follow-up period between 2 groups. Postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter in the LS group versus the OS group (OS vs. LS, 7.00 ± 3.43 days vs. 4.50 ± 2.16 days; P = 0.031). Conclusion We suggest that laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal benign NL is feasible and safe by obtaining complete resection of the tumor. LS for treating retroperitoneal benign NL could be useful with appropriate laparoscopic technique and proper patient selection. PMID:28289669

  19. [Consequences of arthroscopic meniscal resection].

    PubMed

    Faunø, P; Nielsen, A B

    1993-10-18

    The functional and radiological consequences of arthroscopic meniscal resection were assessed in an 8.5 years follow up of 136 patients. Twenty three percent had undergone re-arthroscopy. Function related pain in the operated knee was reported by 44% of the patients. Radiological degenerative changes appeared in significantly more of the operated knees than in the knees not operated. The combination of varus knees and resection of the medial meniscus or valgus knees and lateral resection was associated with significantly more degenerative changes than after resection in knees with normal alignment. Resection of flap tears was associated with more re-operations and more function related knee pain than resection of bucket-handle lesions.

  20. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePlus

    Hepatitis C Overview By Mayo Clinic Staff Hepatitis C is a viral infection that causes liver inflammation, sometimes leading to serious liver damage. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreads through contaminated ...

  1. Hepatitis B

    MedlinePlus

    ... receive the hepatitis B vaccine. Since then, the rate of new hepatitis B infections has gone down ... 1 Asian Americans and African Americans have higher rates of chronic hepatitis B. 2 Many people in ...

  2. Robotic liver resection including the posterosuperior segments: initial experience.

    PubMed

    Nota, Carolijn L M A; Molenaar, I Quintus; van Hillegersberg, Richard; Borel Rinkes, Inne H M; Hagendoorn, Jeroen

    2016-11-01

    Robot-assisted laparoscopy has been introduced to overcome the limitations of conventional laparoscopy. This technique has potential advantages over laparoscopy, such as increased dexterity, three-dimensional view, and a magnified view of the operative field. Therefore, improved dexterity may make a robotic system particularly suited for liver resections, which require nonlinear manipulation, such as curved parenchymal transection, hilar dissection, and resection of posterosuperior segments. Between August 2014 and March 2016, 16 patients underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic liver resection at University Medical Center Utrecht. Fifteen robot-assisted laparoscopic liver resections were performed in a minimally invasive manner. One procedure was converted. In eight patients, we performed a resection of a posterosuperior segment (segment 7 or 8). Median operating time was 146 (60-265) min, and median blood loss was 150 (5-600) mL. Four patients had a Clavien-Dindo grade III complication. Median length of stay was 4 (1-8) days. There was no mortality. This prospective study reporting on our initial experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic liver resection demonstrates that this technique is easily adopted, safe, and feasible for minor hepatectomies in selected patients. Moreover, it shows that the robotic platform also enables fully laparoscopic resections of the posterior segments. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Detection of Hepatitis A Virus by the Nucleic Acid Sequence-Based Amplification Technique and Comparison with Reverse Transcription-PCR

    PubMed Central

    Jean, Julie; Blais, Burton; Darveau, André; Fliss, Ismaïl

    2001-01-01

    A nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) technique for the detection of hepatitis A virus (HAV) in foods was developed and compared to the traditional reverse transcription (RT)-PCR technique. Oligonucleotide primers targeting the VP1 and VP2 genes encoding the major HAV capsid proteins were used for the amplification of viral RNA in an isothermal process resulting in the accumulation of RNA amplicons. Amplicons were detected by hybridization with a digoxigenin-labeled oligonucleotide probe in a dot blot assay format. Using the NASBA, as little as 0.4 ng of target RNA/ml was detected per comparison to 4 ng/ml for RT-PCR. When crude HAV viral lysate was used, a detection limit of 2 PFU (4 × 102 PFU/ml) was obtained with NASBA, compared to 50 PFU (1 × 104 PFU/ml) obtained with RT-PCR. No interference was encountered in the amplification of HAV RNA in the presence of excess nontarget RNA or DNA. The NASBA system successfully detected HAV recovered from experimentally inoculated samples of waste water, lettuce, and blueberries. Compared to RT-PCR and other amplification techniques, the NASBA system offers several advantages in terms of sensitivity, rapidity, and simplicity. This technique should be readily adaptable for detection of other RNA viruses in both foods and clinical samples. PMID:11722911

  4. Biological Extremity Reconstruction after Sarcoma Resection: Past, Present, and Future

    PubMed Central

    Holzer, Lukas A.; Leithner, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    In sarcoma surgery besides a wide local resection, limb salvage became more and more important. Reconstruction of bone and soft tissue defects after sarcoma resection poses a major challenge for surgeons. Nowadays a broad range of reconstructive methods exist to deal with bony defects. Among these are prostheses, bone autografts, or bone allografts. Furthermore a variety of plastic reconstructive techniques exist that allow soft tissue reconstruction or coverage after sarcoma resection. Here we discuss the historical highlights, the present role, and possible future options for biological reconstruction. PMID:23840167

  5. Simultaneous liver resection and double cardiac valve replacement. A case report

    PubMed Central

    Ausania, F.; Hipps, D.; Manas, D.M.; Haugk, B.; Dark, J.H.; Jaques, B.C.

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION We present a rare case in which both a double cardiac valve replacement was performed as well as a hepatic resection. PRESENTATION OF CASE We report the case of a 36 year old patient who presented with intra abdominal bleeding thought to have been caused by a liver haemangioma she also had severe autoimmune cardiac valve disease. She underwent a simultaneous right hepatectomy with cardiac valve replacement. DISCUSSION Management of this challenging case is discussed. CONCLUSION We advocate the possibility of performing combined operations where both valve replacement and hepatic resection is required. PMID:24705636

  6. Endoscopic resection of esthesioneuroblastoma.

    PubMed

    Gallia, Gary L; Reh, Douglas D; Lane, Andrew P; Higgins, Thomas S; Koch, Wayne; Ishii, Masaru

    2012-11-01

    Esthesioneuroblastoma, or olfactory neuroblastoma, is an uncommon malignant tumor arising in the upper nasal cavity. Surgical approaches to this and other sinonasal malignancies involving the anterior skull base have traditionally involved craniofacial resections. Over the past 10 years to 15 years, there have been advances in endoscopic approaches to skull base pathologies, including malignant tumors. In this study, we review our experience with purely endoscopic approaches to esthesioneuroblastomas. Between January 2005 and February 2012, 11 patients (seven men and four women, average age 53.3 years) with esthesioneuroblastoma were treated endoscopically. Nine patients presented with newly diagnosed disease and two were treated for tumor recurrence. The modified Kadish staging was: A, two patients (18.2%); B, two patients (18.2%); C, five patients (45.5%); and D, two patients (18.2%). All patients had a complete resection with negative intraoperative margins. Three patients had 2-deoxy-2-((18)F)fluoro-d-glucose avid neck nodes on their preoperative positron emission tomography-CT scan. These patients underwent neck dissections; two had positive neck nodes. Perioperative complications included an intraoperative hypertensive urgency and pneumocephalus in two different patients. Mean follow-up was over 28 months and all patients were free of disease. This series adds to the growing experience of purely endoscopic surgical approaches in the treatment of skull base tumors including esthesioneuroblastoma. Longer follow-up on larger numbers of patients is required to clarify the utility of purely endoscopic approaches in the management of this malignant tumor.

  7. Preoperative portal vein embolization in liver cancer: indications, techniques and outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Favelier, Sylvain; Chevallier, Olivier; Estivalet, Louis; Genson, Pierre-Yves; Pottecher, Pierre; Gehin, Sophie; Krausé, Denis; Cercueil, Jean-Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Postoperative liver failure is a severe complication of major hepatectomies, in particular in patients with a chronic underlying liver disease. Portal vein embolization (PVE) is an approach that is gaining increasing acceptance in the preoperative treatment of selected patients prior to major hepatic resection. Induction of selective hypertrophy of the non-diseased portion of the liver with PVE in patients with either primary or secondary hepatobiliary, malignancy with small estimated future liver remnants (FLR) may result in fewer complications and shorter hospital stays following resection. Additionally, PVE performed in patients initially considered unsuitable for resection due to lack of sufficient remaining normal parenchyma may add to the pool of candidates for surgical treatment. A thorough knowledge of hepatic segmentation and portal venous anatomy is essential before performing PVE. In addition, the indications and contraindications for PVE, the methods for assessing hepatic lobar hypertrophy, the means of determining optimal timing of resection, and the possible complications of PVE need to be fully understood before undertaking the procedure. Technique may vary among operators, but cyanoacrylate glue seems to be the best embolic agent with the highest expected rate of liver regeneration for PVE. The procedure is usually indicated when the remnant liver accounts for less than 25-40% of the total liver volume. Compensatory hypertrophy of the non-embolized segments is maximal during the first 2 weeks and persists, although to a lesser extent during approximately 6 weeks. Liver resection is performed 2 to 6 weeks after embolization. The goal of this article is to discuss the rationale, indications, techniques and outcomes of PVE before major hepatectomy. PMID:26682142

  8. CT-guided brachytherapy as salvage therapy for intrahepatic recurrence of HCC after surgical resection.

    PubMed

    Schnapauff, Dirk; Collettini, Federico; Hartwig, Kerstin; Wieners, Gero; Chopra, Sascha; Hamm, Bernd; Gebauer, Bernhard

    2015-01-01

    Prevalence of patients with unresectable recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after previous resection is rising. The purpose of this study was to determine survival of patients undergoing computed tomography-guided brachytherapy (CT-HDRBT). Altogether 19 patients with unresectable HCC recurrence were treated with CT-HDRBT at our Institution. Patients underwent single-fraction high-dose irradiation by an iridium-192 source after CT fluoroscopy-guided catheter placement. The median tumor-enclosing target dose was 20 Gy. The median follow-up was 33 months. According to the Kaplan-Meier method, median overall survival after CT-HDRBT was 50 months, and median survival after first hepatic resection was 87 months. The median duration of local tumor control was 32 months and time to disease progression was 20 months. There were no serious complications after CT-HDRBT and no treatment-related deaths. CT-HDRBT is a safe, potentially life prolonging technique in patients with recurrence of HCC who have few therapeutic options. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.

  9. Blood loss during transurethral resection of the prostate.

    PubMed

    Abrams, P H; Shah, P J; Bryning, K; Gaches, C G; Ashken, M H; Green, N A

    1982-01-01

    Blood loss during operation was measured in 106 patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate, using a colorimetric technique. The total blood loss was related to the length of operation and the weight of prostate resected. There was no relationship between blood pressure and the blood loss during operation. However there was a significant reduction in blood loss if the patient received a regional rather than a general anaesthetic. Blood loss was lower in those patients undergoing prostatectomy for carcinomatous disease.

  10. En Bloc Hilar Dissection of the Right Hepatic Artery in Continuity with the Bile Duct: a Technique to Reduce Biliary Complications After Adult Living-Donor Liver Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Abu-Gazala, Samir; Olthoff, Kim M; Goldberg, David S; Shaked, Abraham; Abt, Peter L

    2016-04-01

    Techniques that preserve the right hepatic artery and the common bile duct in continuity during the dissection may be associated with lower rates of biliary complications in living-donor liver transplants. This study sought to determine whether en bloc hilar dissections were associated with fewer biliary complications in living-donor liver transplants. This was a retrospective review of 41 adult LDLTs performed in a single, liver transplant center between February 2007 and September 2014. The primary outcome of interest was the occurrence of at least one of the following biliary complications: anastomotic leak, stricture, or biloma. The primary predictor of interest was the hilar dissection technique: conventional hilar dissection vs. en bloc hilar dissection. A total of 41 LDLTs were identified, 24 had a conventional, and 17 an en bloc hilar biliary dissection. The occurrence of any biliary complication was significantly more common in the conventional hilar dissection group compared to the en bloc hilar dissection group (66.7 vs. 35.3%, respectively, p = 0.047). In particularly, anastomotic strictures were significantly more common in the conventional hilar dissection group compared to the en bloc hilar dissection group (54.2 vs. 23.5%., respectively, p = 0.049). En bloc hilar dissection technique may decrease biliary complication rates in living donor liver transplants.

  11. Evaluation and proposal of novel resectability criteria for pancreatic cancer established by the Japan Pancreas Society.

    PubMed

    Yamada, Suguru; Fujii, Tsutomu; Takami, Hideki; Hayashi, Masamichi; Iwata, Naoki; Kanda, Mitsuro; Tanaka, Chie; Sugimoto, Hiroyuki; Nakayama, Goro; Koike, Masahiko; Fujiwara, Michitaka; Kodera, Yasuhiro

    2017-10-01

    The guidelines for the classification of the resectability of pancreatic cancer established by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network can be difficult to utilize in clinical practice. We evaluated novel criteria proposed by the Japan Pancreas Society. We analyzed 382 patients with pancreatic cancer between 2001 and 2015 for survival differences among subgroups classified according to the Japan Pancreas Society classification. Overall survival and disease-free survival were expressed as median values and compared with data based on the National Comprehensive Cancer Network classification, and differences in initial patterns of recurrence were analyzed. Overall survival times according to the Japan Pancreas Society criteria were 34.2, 29.7, 17.3, 14.3, and 15.8 months for the groups defined as resectable, resectable with portal vein invasion, borderline resectable with portal vein invasion, borderline resectable with arterial invasion, and unresectable by locally advanced disease respectively. The overall survival of the resectable group was better than those of the borderline resectable with portal vein invasion or borderline resectable with arterial invasion groups (P < .0001); however, the borderline resectable with portal vein invasion, borderline resectable with arterial invasion, and unresectable by locally advanced groups showed no differences in overall survival. The resectable group showed a tendency toward better survival than the resectable with portal vein invasion group (P = .058). The median overall survival times according to the classic 2012 National Comprehensive Cancer Network criteria were 30.5, 20.5, 15.8, and 13.8 months for the resectable, portal invasion, common hepatic artery and superior mesenteric artery invasion groups, respectively. Each survival curve was clearly separate. The borderline resectable with arterial invasion and unresectable by locally advanced groups exhibited high local recurrence rates (42.0% and 44

  12. Primary hepatic benign schwannoma

    PubMed Central

    Hayashi, Michihiro; Takeshita, Atsushi; Yamamoto, Kazuhiro; Tanigawa, Nobuhiko

    2012-01-01

    Schwannoma is predominantly a benign neoplasm of the Schwann cells in the neural sheath of the peripheral nerves. Occurrence of schwannoma in parenchymatous organs, such as liver, is extremely rare. A 64-year-old man without neurofibromatosis was observed to have a space-occupying lesion of 23mm diameter in the liver during follow-up examination for a previously resected gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in the small intestine. He underwent lateral segmentectomy of the liver under a provisional diagnosis of hepatic metastatic recurrence of the GIST. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a benign schwannoma, confirmed by characteristic pathological findings and positive immunoreactions with the neurogenic marker S-100 protein, but negative for c-kit, or CD34. The tumor was the smallest among the reported cases. When the primary hepatic schwannoma is small in size, preoperative clinical diagnosis is difficult. Therefore, this disease should be listed as differential diagnosis for liver tumor with clinically benign characteristics. PMID:22530081

  13. 5-aminolevulinic acid guidance during awake craniotomy to maximise extent of safe resection of glioblastoma multiforme.

    PubMed

    Corns, Robert; Mukherjee, Soumya; Johansen, Anja; Sivakumar, Gnanamurthy

    2015-07-15

    Overall survival for patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has been consistently shown to improve when the surgeon achieves a gross total resection of the tumour. It has also been demonstrated that surgical adjuncts such as 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence--which delineates malignant tumour tissue--normal brain tissue margin seen using violet-blue excitation under an operating microscope--helps achieve this. We describe the case of a patient with recurrent left frontal GBM encroaching on Broca's area (eloquent brain). Gross total resection of the tumour was achieved by combining two techniques, awake resection to prevent damage to eloquent brain and 5-ALA fluorescence guidance to maximise the extent of tumour resection.This technique led to gross total resection of all T1-enhancing tumour with the avoidance of neurological deficit. The authors recommend this technique in patients when awake surgery can be tolerated and gross total resection is the aim of surgery.

  14. Biopsy forceps is inadequate for the resection of diminutive polyps.

    PubMed

    Efthymiou, M; Taylor, A C; Desmond, P V; Allen, P B; Chen, R Y

    2011-04-01

    Cold biopsy forceps polypectomy (CBP) is often used for the removal of diminutive polyps. The efficacy of the technique has not been thoroughly assessed. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the efficacy of CBP for removing diminutive polyps. This was a prospective study from St Vincent's Hospital, a tertiary referral hospital in Melbourne, Australia. A total of 143 patients were screened and 52 patients with ≥ 1 diminutive polyps were enrolled. CBP was used to resect diminutive polyps until no polyp tissue was visible. The polyp base was then resected using endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) with a 1 - 2-mm margin. The CBP and EMR samples were compared to assess completeness of the resection. Overall 39 % (21 / 54) of diminutive polyps were completely resected using CBP. After binary logistic regression analysis, polyp histology was found to be predictive of resection, with complete resection of 62 % (13 / 21) for adenomas and 24 % (8 / 33) for hyperplastic polyps (odds ratio 5.1; P = 0.008). The size and number of bites taken with the forceps were not predictive of complete response. Within the limitations of a modest sample size, CBP appears to be inadequate treatment for the removal of diminutive polyps. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  15. Hepatitis B

    MedlinePlus

    ... of the liver), liver cancer, and even death.Hepatitis A can cause varying symptoms, but most often causes fever, tiredness, ... important? The hepatitis B vaccine prevents infection with hepatitis B virus, which causes liver cancer. The hepatitis B virus is 100 ...

  16. Hepatitis A

    MedlinePlus

    ... transaminase enzyme levels Treatment There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A. You should rest when the symptoms are ... and have not had hepatitis A or the hepatitis A vaccine. Common reasons for getting one or both of these treatments include: You live with someone who has hepatitis ...

  17. [Resection margins in conservative breast cancer surgery].

    PubMed

    Medina Fernández, Francisco Javier; Ayllón Terán, María Dolores; Lombardo Galera, María Sagrario; Rioja Torres, Pilar; Bascuñana Estudillo, Guillermo; Rufián Peña, Sebastián

    2013-01-01

    Conservative breast cancer surgery is facing a new problem: the potential tumour involvement of resection margins. This eventuality has been closely and negatively associated with disease-free survival. Various factors may influence the likelihood of margins being affected, mostly related to the characteristics of the tumour, patient or surgical technique. In the last decade, many studies have attempted to find predictive factors for margin involvement. However, it is currently the new techniques used in the study of margins and tumour localisation that are significantly reducing reoperations in conservative breast cancer surgery. Copyright © 2012 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  18. [Laparoscopic resection of a mesenteric cyst].

    PubMed

    Dede, Kristóf; Mersich, Tamás; Faludi, Sándor; Blans, Beáta; Salamon, Ferenc; Jakab, Ferenc

    2010-03-14

    Mesenteric cysts are rare intraabdominal tumors, which cause plain symptoms. Despite the modern imaging techniques, the correct preoperative diagnosis is difficult. The optimal treatment is surgical excision of the cysts with open surgery, laparoscopy, or even retroperitoneoscopy. Surgical excision needs to be considered in case of complaints, growing cyst, or suspicion of malignancy. Indications for urgent surgery treatment are: bleeding, volvulus, torquation or ileus. Most frequently, mesenterial cysts are diagnosed during the operation of an unknown palpable abdominal cystic resistance. We present a case of a 32-year-old female patient with a jejunal mesenteric cyst, treated by laparoscopic resection. Postoperative period was uneventful, and after an early discharge the patient's recovery was free of symptoms. Histopathological examination revealed a benign cyst. We conclude that laparoscopic resection of abdominal cysts with unknown origin is a safe operation and can be recommended.

  19. Deformation-based augmented reality for hepatic surgery.

    PubMed

    Haouchine, Nazim; Dequidt, Jérémie; Berger, Marie-Odile; Cotin, Stéphane

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a method for augmenting the laparoscopic view during hepatic tumor resection. Using augmented reality techniques, vessels, tumors and cutting planes computed from pre-operative data can be overlaid onto the laparoscopic video. Compared to current techniques, which are limited to a rigid registration of the pre-operative liver anatomy with the intra-operative image, we propose a real-time, physics-based, non-rigid registration. The main strength of our approach is that the deformable model can also be used to regularize the data extracted from the computer vision algorithms. We show preliminary results on a video sequence which clearly highlights the interest of using physics-based model for elastic registration.

  20. Congenital hepatic cyst with intracystic hemorrhage

    PubMed Central

    Ni, Qingqiang; Zhang, Minfeng; Yang, Cheng; Cai, Wenchang; Zhao, Qian; Shen, Weifeng; Yang, Jiamei

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: Fast-growing congenital hepatic cysts with intracystic hemorrhage are rare in clinical practice. Additionally, the clinical manifestations of and laboratory and imaging findings for this condition are often nonspecific and are particularly difficult to differentiate from those of hepatobiliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma, thus posing great challenges for diagnosis and treatment. The 2 case reports presented here aim to analyze the diagnosis and treatment of 2 rare cases of congenital hepatic cysts with intracystic hemorrhage in the Chinese Han population to provide an important reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Diagnoses: These 2 case reports present 2 rare cases of congenital hepatic cysts with intracystic hemorrhage. Case 1 involved a 31-year-old patient with a very large, fast-growing hepatic cyst with intracystic hemorrhage and elevated carbohydrate antigen 199. Case 2 involved a patient with intense, paroxysmal right upper abdominal pain; computed tomography suggested a hepatic cyst with intracystic hemorrhage and possibly hepatobiliary cystadenoma. Outcomes: Both patients underwent liver resection. Postoperative follow-up showed that for both patients, the symptoms improved, the laboratory findings returned to normal levels, and the surgical outcomes were satisfactory. Conclusion: Liver resection is an ideal treatment for patients with congenital hepatic cysts with intracystic hemorrhage, and especially those with fast-growing, symptomatic hepatic cysts or hepatic cysts that are difficult to differentiate from hepatobiliary cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma. PMID:27759646

  1. Fulminant herpes hepatitis mimicking hepatic abscesses.

    PubMed

    Wolfsen, H C; Bolen, J W; Bowen, J L; Fenster, L F

    1993-01-01

    Fulminant hepatitis due to herpes simplex virus (HSV) in adults is a rare and deadly disease. We describe a 23-year-old woman with a 20-year history of Crohn's disease (CD) who was hospitalized with an acute febrile illness and diarrhea. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen demonstrated an intramural sigmoid colon abscess and multiple abscesses in the liver. Despite high-dose parenteral corticosteroids and broad-spectrum antibiotics, the patient remained acutely ill, with high fever and markedly elevated serum transaminase levels, but no jaundice. Sigmoid resection and wedge liver biopsy were performed at laparotomy. Histologic examination documented HSV-type intranuclear inclusions and inflammation with necrosis in both the sigmoid colon and liver specimens. The patient subsequently died despite parenteral acyclovir treatment. Although rare, fulminant hepatitis due to HSV simplex virus should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all patients with severe hepatitis. Of special note, the necrotizing liver lesions may be mistaken for pyogenic abscesses on CT scan.

  2. Lung cancer with chest wall invasion: retrospective analysis comparing en-bloc resection and ‘resection in bird cage’

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Invasion of the chest wall per se is not a contraindication for tumor resection in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), provided there is no mediastinal lymph node or vital structure involvement. Although widely known to Brazilian surgeons, the ‘resection in bird cage’ technique has never been widely studied in terms of patient survival. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the postoperative consequences and overall survival of extra-musculoperiosteal resection compared with en-bloc resection in NSCLC patients with invasion of the endothoracic fascia. Methods Between January 1990 and December 2009, 33 NSCLC patients with invasion of the thoracic wall who underwent pulmonary resection were retrospectively analyzed. Of the 33 patients evaluated, 20 patients underwent en-bloc resection and 13 underwent ‘resection in bird cage.’ For each patient, a retrospective case note review was made. Results The median age at surgery, gender, indication, rate of comorbidities, tumor size and the degree of uptake in the costal margin were similar for both groups. The rate of postoperative complications and the duration of hospitalization did not differ between the groups. Regarding the outcome variables, the disease-free interval, rate of local recurrence, metastasis-free time after surgery, overall mortality rate, mortality rate related to metastatic disease, duration following surgery in which deaths occurred, and overall survival were also similar between groups. The cumulative survival curves between the ‘resection in bird cage’ and en-bloc resection and between stages Ia + Ib and IIb + IIIa + IV were not significantly different (p = 0.68 and p = 0.64, respectively). The cumulative metastasis-free survival curves were not significantly different between the two types of surgery (p = 0.38). Conclusions In NSCLC patients with invasion of the endothoracic fascia, ‘resection in bird cage’ is a less aggressive procedure

  3. 3D-printed guiding templates for improved osteosarcoma resection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Limin; Zhou, Ye; Zhu, Ye; Lin, Zefeng; Wang, Yingjun; Zhang, Yu; Xia, Hong; Mao, Chuanbin

    2016-03-01

    Osteosarcoma resection is challenging due to the variable location of tumors and their proximity with surrounding tissues. It also carries a high risk of postoperative complications. To overcome the challenge in precise osteosarcoma resection, computer-aided design (CAD) was used to design patient-specific guiding templates for osteosarcoma resection on the basis of the computer tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the osteosarcoma of human patients. Then 3D printing technique was used to fabricate the guiding templates. The guiding templates were used to guide the osteosarcoma surgery, leading to more precise resection of the tumorous bone and the implantation of the bone implants, less blood loss, shorter operation time and reduced radiation exposure during the operation. Follow-up studies show that the patients recovered well to reach a mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score of 27.125.

  4. 3D-printed guiding templates for improved osteosarcoma resection

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Limin; Zhou, Ye; Zhu, Ye; Lin, Zefeng; Wang, Yingjun; Zhang, Yu; Xia, Hong; Mao, Chuanbin

    2016-01-01

    Osteosarcoma resection is challenging due to the variable location of tumors and their proximity with surrounding tissues. It also carries a high risk of postoperative complications. To overcome the challenge in precise osteosarcoma resection, computer-aided design (CAD) was used to design patient-specific guiding templates for osteosarcoma resection on the basis of the computer tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the osteosarcoma of human patients. Then 3D printing technique was used to fabricate the guiding templates. The guiding templates were used to guide the osteosarcoma surgery, leading to more precise resection of the tumorous bone and the implantation of the bone implants, less blood loss, shorter operation time and reduced radiation exposure during the operation. Follow-up studies show that the patients recovered well to reach a mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score of 27.125. PMID:26997197

  5. 3D-printed guiding templates for improved osteosarcoma resection.

    PubMed

    Ma, Limin; Zhou, Ye; Zhu, Ye; Lin, Zefeng; Wang, Yingjun; Zhang, Yu; Xia, Hong; Mao, Chuanbin

    2016-03-21

    Osteosarcoma resection is challenging due to the variable location of tumors and their proximity with surrounding tissues. It also carries a high risk of postoperative complications. To overcome the challenge in precise osteosarcoma resection, computer-aided design (CAD) was used to design patient-specific guiding templates for osteosarcoma resection on the basis of the computer tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the osteosarcoma of human patients. Then 3D printing technique was used to fabricate the guiding templates. The guiding templates were used to guide the osteosarcoma surgery, leading to more precise resection of the tumorous bone and the implantation of the bone implants, less blood loss, shorter operation time and reduced radiation exposure during the operation. Follow-up studies show that the patients recovered well to reach a mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score of 27.125.

  6. Operative terminology and post-operative management approaches applied to hepatic surgery: Trainee perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Farid, Shahid G; Prasad, K Rajendra; Morris-Stiff, Gareth

    2013-01-01

    Outcomes in hepatic resectional surgery (HRS) have improved as a result of advances in the understanding of hepatic anatomy, improved surgical techniques, and enhanced peri-operative management. Patients are generally cared for in specialist higher-level ward settings with multidisciplinary input during the initial post-operative period, however, greater acceptance and understanding of HRS has meant that care is transferred, usually after 24-48 h, to a standard ward environment. Surgical trainees will be presented with such patients either electively as part of a hepatobiliary firm or whilst covering the service on-call, and it is therefore important to acknowledge the key points in managing HRS patients. Understanding the applied anatomy of the liver is the key to determining the extent of resection to be undertaken. Increasingly, enhanced patient pathways exist in the post-operative setting requiring focus on the delivery of high quality analgesia, careful fluid balance, nutrition and thromboprophlaxis. Complications can occur including liver, renal and respiratory failure, hemorrhage, and sepsis, all of which require prompt recognition and management. We provide an overview of the relevant terminology applied to hepatic surgery, an approach to the post-operative management, and an aid to developing an awareness of complications so as to facilitate better confidence in this complex subgroup of general surgical patients. PMID:23710292

  7. Operative terminology and post-operative management approaches applied to hepatic surgery: Trainee perspectives.

    PubMed

    Farid, Shahid G; Prasad, K Rajendra; Morris-Stiff, Gareth

    2013-05-27

    Outcomes in hepatic resectional surgery (HRS) have improved as a result of advances in the understanding of hepatic anatomy, improved surgical techniques, and enhanced peri-operative management. Patients are generally cared for in specialist higher-level ward settings with multidisciplinary input during the initial post-operative period, however, greater acceptance and understanding of HRS has meant that care is transferred, usually after 24-48 h, to a standard ward environment. Surgical trainees will be presented with such patients either electively as part of a hepatobiliary firm or whilst covering the service on-call, and it is therefore important to acknowledge the key points in managing HRS patients. Understanding the applied anatomy of the liver is the key to determining the extent of resection to be undertaken. Increasingly, enhanced patient pathways exist in the post-operative setting requiring focus on the delivery of high quality analgesia, careful fluid balance, nutrition and thromboprophlaxis. Complications can occur including liver, renal and respiratory failure, hemorrhage, and sepsis, all of which require prompt recognition and management. We provide an overview of the relevant terminology applied to hepatic surgery, an approach to the post-operative management, and an aid to developing an awareness of complications so as to facilitate better confidence in this complex subgroup of general surgical patients.

  8. Resection of colorectal liver metastases following neoadjuvant chemotherapy

    PubMed Central

    Chiappa, A; Bertani, E; Biffi, R; Pace, U; Viale, G; Pruneri, G; Zampino, G; Fazio, N; Orsi, F; Bonomo, G; Monfardini, L; Vigna, P Della; Andreoni, B

    2007-01-01

    Background/aims: Hepatic resection in metastatic disease from colorectal cancer offers the best chance in selected cases for long-term survival. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) has been advocated in some cases initially deemed irresectable, with few reports of the efficacy of such a strategy and the influence of the response to chemotherapy on the outcome of radical hepatic resection. Methodology: Between December 1995 and May 2005, 27 patients with colorectal liver metastases (seven males, 20 females, mean age: 58 ± 8 years; range: 40–75) were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A seven-year survival analysis was performed. Chemotherapy included mainly 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and either oxaliplatin or irinotecan for a median of eight courses. Results: A total of 16 patients (59%) had synchronous and 11 (41%) metachronous metastases. During pre-operative chemotherapy, tumour regression occurred in ten cases (37%), stable disease in a further ten patients (37%) and progressive disease developed in seven cases (26%). The five-year overall survival for NACT responders was 64% and only 15% for non-responders (p=0.044). Conclusions: The response to chemotherapy is likely to be a significant prognostic factor affecting survival after liver resection for cure. PMID:22275956

  9. Irreversible Electroporation of Hepatic and Pancreatic Malignancies: Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez-Beicos, Aldo; Venkat, Shree; Songrug, Tanakorn; Poveda, Julio; Garcia-Buitrago, Monica; Poozhikunnath Mohan, Prasoon; Narayanan, Govindarajan

    2015-09-01

    Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a novel therapy that has shown to be a feasible and promising alternative to conventional ablative techniques when treating tumors near vital structures or blood vessels. The clinical efficacy of IRE has been evaluated using established imaging criteria. This study evaluates the histologic and imaging response of hepatic and pancreatic malignancies that were surgically resected after IRE. In total, 12 lesions ablated with IRE were included, including 3 pancreatic carcinomas, 5 primary tumors of the liver, and 4 metastatic tumors of the liver. The rate of complete response to IRE was 25% based on the histologic evaluation of the resected tumors. Although treatment-related vessel wall changes were noted in several cases in histologic findings, there was no evidence of vascular luminal narrowing or obliteration in any of the specimens. The imaging response to IRE before surgical resection usually resulted in underestimation of disease burden when compared with the histologic response seen on the resected specimens. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Comparison between modified Dixon MRI techniques, MR spectroscopic relaxometry, and different histologic quantification methods in the assessment of hepatic steatosis.

    PubMed

    Kukuk, Guido M; Hittatiya, Kanishka; Sprinkart, Alois M; Eggers, Holger; Gieseke, Jürgen; Block, Wolfgang; Moeller, Philipp; Willinek, Winfried A; Spengler, Ulrich; Trebicka, Jonel; Fischer, Hans-Peter; Schild, Hans H; Träber, Frank

    2015-10-01

    To compare systematically quantitative MRI, MR spectroscopy (MRS), and different histological methods for liver fat quantification in order to identify possible incongruities. Fifty-nine consecutive patients with liver disorders were examined on a 3 T MRI system. Quantitative MRI was performed using a dual- and a six-echo variant of the modified Dixon (mDixon) sequence, calculating proton density fat fraction (PDFF) maps, in addition to single-voxel MRS. Histological fat quantification included estimation of the percentage of hepatocytes containing fat vesicles as well as semi-automatic quantification (qHisto) using tissue quantification software. In 33 of 59 patients, the hepatic fat fraction was >5% as determined by MRS (maximum 45%, mean 17%). Dual-echo mDixon yielded systematically lower PDFF values than six-echo mDixon (mean difference 1.0%; P < 0.001). Six-echo mDixon correlated excellently with MRS, qHisto, and the estimated percentage of hepatocytes containing fat vesicles (R = 0.984, 0.967, 0.941, respectively, all P < 0.001). Mean values obtained by the estimated percentage of hepatocytes containing fat were higher by a factor of 2.5 in comparison to qHisto. Six-echo mDixon and MRS showed the best agreement with values obtained by qHisto. Six-echo mDixon, MRS, and qHisto provide the most robust and congruent results and are therefore most appropriate for reliable quantification of liver fat. • Six-echo mDixon correlates excellently with MRS, qHisto, and the estimated percentage of fat-containing hepatocytes. • Six-echo mDixon, MRS, and qHisto provide the most robust and congruent results. • Dual-echo mDixon yields systematically lower PDFF values than six-echo mDixon. • The percentage of fat-containing hepatocytes is 2.5-fold higher than fat fraction determined by qHisto. • Performance characteristics and systematic differences of the various methods should be considered.

  11. Simultaneous lung resection via a transdiaphragmatic approach in patients undergoing liver resection for synchronous liver and lung metastases

    PubMed Central

    Mise, Yoshihiro; Mehran, Reza J.; Aloia, Thomas A.; Vauthey, Jean-Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    Background For patients with synchronous liver and lung metastases from colorectal cancer, the invasiveness of adding thoracic to abdominal surgery is an obstacle to concurrent liver and lung metastasectomy. We developed a simple technique to resect lung lesions via a transdiaphragmatic approach without thoracic incision in patients undergoing liver metastasectomy. Methods Sixteen patients with synchronous liver and unilateral lung metastases underwent transdiaphragmatic wedge resection of lung lesions simultaneous with liver metastasectomy. Short-term surgical outcomes were compared with those in 102 patients treated with conventional unilateral wedge resection for colorectal lung metastases. Results Twenty peripheral (<3 cm from the pleura) lung lesions from various locations in the lung were resected via transdiaphragmatic approach. No conversions to conventional approach were required. The median tumor number and size were 1 (range, 1–3) and 8 mm (range, 3–30 mm), respectively. Transdiaphragmatic resection reduced median operative blood loss compared with conventional resection (0 mL vs 50 mL [p<0.001]) and reduced median length of hospital stay compared with staged liver and lung resection (6 days vs 11 days [p<0.001]). Surgical duration and rates of lung-related morbidity and positive surgical margin were similar between the transdiaphragmatic and conventional groups (104 min vs 105 min [p=0.61], 13% vs 4% [p=0.15], and 6% vs 5% [p=0.73], respectively). Conclusions Simultaneous transdiaphragmatic resection of peripheral lung lesions is safe in patients undergoing liver resection. The low-invasive transdiaphragmatic approach facilitates aggressive surgical treatment for synchronous liver and lung metastases. PMID:24953274

  12. [Hepatocellular carcinoma originated in the caudate lobe. Surgical strategy for resection. A propos of a case].

    PubMed

    Martínez-Mier, Gustavo; Esquivel-Torres, Sergio; Calzada-Grijalva, José Francisco; Grube-Pagola, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma originating from the caudate lobe has a worse prognosis than other hepatocellular carcinoma in another segment of the liver. An isolated caudate lobe resection of the liver represents a significant technical challenge. Caudate lobe resection can be performed along with a lobectomy or as an isolated liver resection. There are very few reports about isolated caudate lobe liver resection. We report a case of successful isolated resection of hepatocellular carcinoma in the caudate lobe with excellent long-term survival. A 74 years old female with 8cm mass lesion in the caudate lobe without clinical or biochemical evidence of liver cirrhosis, serum alpha-fetoprotein 3.7 U/l, and negative hepatitis serology was evaluated for surgery. Complete resection of the lesion in 270minutes with Pringle maneuver for 13minutes was satisfactorily performed. Patient was discharged ten days after surgery without complications. Patient is currently asymptomatic, without deterioration of liver function and 48 month tumor free survival after the procedure. Isolated caudate lobe resection is an uncommon but technically possible procedure. In order to achieve a successful resection, one must have a detailed knowledge of complete liver anatomy. Tumor free margins must be obtained to provide long survival for these patients who have a malignancy in this anatomic location. Copyright © 2015. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A.

  13. Management of Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)-associated Refractory Hepatic Encephalopathy by Shunt Reduction Using the Parallel Technique: Outcomes of a Retrospective Case Series

    SciTech Connect

    Cookson, Daniel T. Zaman, Zubayr; Gordon-Smith, James; Ireland, Hamish M.; Hayes, Peter C.

    2011-02-15

    Purpose: To investigate the reproducibility and technical and clinical success of the parallel technique of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) reduction in the management of refractory hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Materials and Methods: A 10-mm-diameter self-expanding stent graft and a 5-6-mm-diameter balloon-expandable stent were placed in parallel inside the existing TIPS in 8 patients via a dual unilateral transjugular approach. Changes in portosystemic pressure gradient and HE grade were used as primary end points. Results: TIPS reduction was technically successful in all patients. Mean {+-} standard deviation portosystemic pressure gradient before and after shunt reduction was 4.9 {+-} 3.6 mmHg (range, 0-12 mmHg) and 10.5 {+-} 3.9 mmHg (range, 6-18 mmHg). Duration of follow-up was 137 {+-} 117.8 days (range, 18-326 days). Clinical improvement of HE occurred in 5 patients (62.5%) with resolution of HE in 4 patients (50%). Single episodes of recurrent gastrointestinal hemorrhage occurred in 3 patients (37.5%). These were self-limiting in 2 cases and successfully managed in 1 case by correction of coagulopathy and blood transfusion. Two of these patients (25%) died, one each of renal failure and hepatorenal failure. Conclusion: The parallel technique of TIPS reduction is reproducible and has a high technical success rate. A dual unilateral transjugular approach is advantageous when performing this procedure. The parallel technique allows repeat bidirectional TIPS adjustment and may be of significant clinical benefit in the management of refractory HE.

  14. Endovascular pseudoaneurysm repair after distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection

    PubMed Central

    Sumiyoshi, Tatsuaki; Shima, Yasuo; Noda, Yoshihiro; Hosoki, Shingo; Hata, Yasuhiro; Okabayashi, Takehiro; Kozuki, Akihito; Nakamura, Toshio

    2013-01-01

    Erosive hemorrhage due to pseudoaneurysm is one of the most life-threatening complications after pancreatectomy. Here, we report an extremely rare case of rupture of a pseudoaneurysm of the common hepatic artery (CHA) stump that developed after distal pancreatectomy with en block celiac axis resection (DP-CAR), and was successfully treated through covered stent placement. The patient is a 66-year-old woman who underwent DP-CAR after adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic body cancer. She developed an intra-abdominal abscess around the remnant pancreas head 31 d after the surgery, and computed tomography (CT) showed an occluded portal vein due to the spreading inflammation around the abscess. Her general condition improved after CT-guided drainage of the abscess. However, 19 d later, she presented with melena, and CT showed a pseudoaneurysm arising from the CHA stump. Because the CHA had been resected during the DP-CAR, this artery could not be used as the access route for endovascular treatment, and instead, we placed a covered stent via the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery. After stent placement, cessation of bleeding and anterograde hepatic artery flow were confirmed, and the patient recovered well without any further complications. CT angiography at the 6-mo follow-up indicated the patency of the covered stent with sustained hepatic artery flow. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of endovascular repair of a pseudoaneurysm that developed after DP-CAR. PMID:24363537

  15. Transurethral resection of the prostate

    MedlinePlus

    TURP; Prostate resection - transurethral ... used to remove the inside part of your prostate gland using electricity. ... if you have benign prostatic hyperplasia ( BPH ). The prostate gland often grows larger as men get older. ...

  16. 21 CFR 888.5 - Resurfacing technique.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... techniques, certain joint prostheses require far less bone resection than other devices intended to repair or replace the same joint. The amount of bone resection may or may not affect the safety and effectiveness of...

  17. 21 CFR 888.5 - Resurfacing technique.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... techniques, certain joint prostheses require far less bone resection than other devices intended to repair or replace the same joint. The amount of bone resection may or may not affect the safety and effectiveness of...

  18. 21 CFR 888.5 - Resurfacing technique.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... techniques, certain joint prostheses require far less bone resection than other devices intended to repair or replace the same joint. The amount of bone resection may or may not affect the safety and effectiveness of...

  19. 21 CFR 888.5 - Resurfacing technique.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... techniques, certain joint prostheses require far less bone resection than other devices intended to repair or replace the same joint. The amount of bone resection may or may not affect the safety and effectiveness of...

  20. 21 CFR 888.5 - Resurfacing technique.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... techniques, certain joint prostheses require far less bone resection than other devices intended to repair or replace the same joint. The amount of bone resection may or may not affect the safety and effectiveness of...

  1. Quantitative measurement of essential and not essential metals in muscular, hepatic and renal tissue of horses by means of PIXE technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balzan, S.; Buoso, M. C.; Ceccato, D.; De Poli, M.; Giaccone, V.; Moschini, G.; Novelli, E.; Olabanji, S. O.; Passi, P.; Tepedino, V.

    2004-06-01

    Nowadays, the food safety and the related health risks for humans are a major issue. It has become a priority to ensure the health and well-being of the population through the better scientific understanding of the food intake influence. A frequently found harmful feature of human diet is the simultaneous presence in food stuff of both essential and toxic elements. A significant example of this situation is represented by horse meat. The aim of this survey is to evaluate the elemental content of muscular, hepatic and renal tissues of horses bred in different countries of the East of Europe and slaughtered in Italy. The studied population consisted of about 100 individuals; the sampling period, coinciding with the highest market request, was extended from November to March. Freeze dried tissues were pelletized and carbon coated prior to analysis. The samples were analyzed using Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) technique at the AN2000 van de Graaff accelerator of the INFN-National Laboratories of Legnaro. The accuracy of the results was verified using certified standard reference materials prepared and measured in the same experimental conditions. Results have highlighted the noble nutritional values of horse muscular tissue in terms of iron, zinc and calcium content. Cadmium was staidly identified in horse kidneys, with an average concentration of 257 μg/g on dried matter, while in liver it was sporadically present.

  2. Autoimmune hepatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... them. Causes This form of hepatitis is an autoimmune disease . The body's immune system cannot tell the difference ... inflammation, or hepatitis, may occur along with other autoimmune diseases. These include: Graves disease Inflammatory bowel disease Rheumatoid ...

  3. Hepatitis B

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000279.htm Hepatitis B To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Hepatitis B is irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the ...

  4. Hepatitis B

    MedlinePlus

    ... Financial Report (AFR) Budget Submission Recovery Act Resources Business Congressional Affairs Jobs Benefits Booklet Data & Statistics National ... with hepatitis B need to be on treatment. Choosing the right time for hepatitis B treatment is ...

  5. Hepatitis A

    MedlinePlus

    ... an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis A, is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The disease spreads through contact with ... washed in untreated water Putting into your mouth a finger or object that came into contact with ...

  6. Management of a large mucosal defect after duodenal endoscopic resection

    PubMed Central

    Fujihara, Shintaro; Mori, Hirohito; Kobara, Hideki; Nishiyama, Noriko; Matsunaga, Tae; Ayaki, Maki; Yachida, Tatsuo; Masaki, Tsutomu

    2016-01-01

    Duodenal endoscopic resection is the most difficult type of endoscopic treatment in the gastrointestinal tract (GI) and is technically challenging because of anatomical specificities. In addition to these technical difficulties, this procedure is associated with a significantly higher rate of complication than endoscopic treatment in other parts of the GI tract. Postoperative delayed perforation and bleeding are hazardous complications, and emergency surgical intervention is sometimes required. Therefore, it is urgently necessary to establish a management protocol for preventing serious complications. For instance, the prophylactic closure of large mucosal defects after endoscopic resection may reduce the risk of hazardous complications. However, the size of mucosal defects after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is relatively large compared with the size after endoscopic mucosal resection, making it impossible to achieve complete closure using only conventional clips. The over-the-scope clip and polyglycolic acid sheets with fibrin gel make it possible to close large mucosal defects after duodenal ESD. In addition to the combination of laparoscopic surgery and endoscopic resection, endoscopic full-thickness resection holds therapeutic potential for difficult duodenal lesions and may overcome the disadvantages of endoscopic resection in the near future. This review aims to summarize the complications and closure techniques of large mucosal defects and to highlight some directions for management after duodenal endoscopic treatment. PMID:27547003

  7. Clinical outcomes of Y90 radioembolization for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma following curative resection.

    PubMed

    Ali, Rehan; Riaz, Ahsun; Gabr, Ahmed; Abouchaleh, Nadine; Mora, Ronald; Al Asadi, Ali; Caicedo, Juan Carlos; Abecassis, Michael; Katariya, Nitin; Maddur, Haripriya; Kulik, Laura; Lewandowski, Robert J; Salem, Riad

    2017-08-15

    To assess safety/efficacy of yttrium-90 radioembolization (Y90) in patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following curative surgical resection. With IRB approval, we searched our prospectively acquired database for patients that were treated with Y90 for recurrent disease following resection. Baseline characteristics and bilirubin toxicities following Y90 were evaluated. Intention-to-treat overall survival (OS) and time-to-progression (TTP) from Y90 were assessed. Forty-one patients met study inclusion criteria. Twenty-six (63%) patients had undergone minor (≤3 hepatic segments) resection while 15 (37%) patients underwent major (>3 hepatic segments) resections. Two patients (5%) had biliary-enteric anastomoses created during surgical resection. The median time from HCC resection to the first radioembolization was 17 months (95% CI: 13-37). The median number of Y90 treatment sessions was 1 (range: 1-5). Ten patients received (entire remnant) lobar Y90 treatment while 31 patients received selective (≤2 hepatic segments) treatment. Grades 1/2/3/4 bilirubin toxicity were seen in nine (22%), four (10%), four (10%), and zero (0%) patients following Y90. No differences in bilirubin toxicities were identified when comparing lobar with selective approaches (P = 0.20). No post-Y90 infectious complications were identified. Median TTP and OS were 11.3 (CI: 6.5-15.5) and 22.1 months (CI: 10.3-31.3), respectively. Radioembolization is a safe and effective method for treating recurrent HCC following surgical resection, with prolonged TTP and promising survival outcomes.

  8. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of hepatic tumours: factors affecting technical failure of artificial ascites formation using an angiosheath.

    PubMed

    Kang, T W; Lee, M W; Hye, M J; Song, K D; Lim, S; Rhim, H; Lim, H K; Cha, D I

    2014-12-01

    To evaluate the technical feasibility of artificial ascites formation using an angiosheath before percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatic tumours and to determine predictive factors affecting the technical failure of artificial ascites formation. This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. One hundred and thirteen patients underwent percutaneous RFA of hepatic tumours after trying to make artificial ascites using an angiosheath to avoid collateral thermal damage. The technical success rate of making artificial ascites using an angiosheath and conversion rate to other techniques after initial failure of making artificial ascites were evaluated. The technical success rate for RFA was assessed. In addition, potential factors associated with technical failure including previous history of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) or RFA, type of abdominal surgery, and adjacent perihepatic structures were reviewed. Predictive factors for the technical failure of artificial ascites formation were analysed using multivariate analysis. The technical success rates of artificial ascites formation by angiosheath and that of RFA were 84.1% (95/113) and 97.3% (110/113), respectively. The conversion rate to other techniques after the failure of artificial ascites formation using an angiosheath was 15.9% (18/113). Previous hepatic resection was the sole independent predictive factor affecting the technical failure of artificial ascites formation (p<0.001, odds ratio = 29.03, 95% confidence interval: 4.56-184.69). Making artificial ascites for RFA of hepatic tumours using an angiosheath was technically feasible in most cases. However, history of hepatic resection was a significant predictive factor affecting the technical failure of artificial ascites formation. Copyright © 2014 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Hepatitis C

    MedlinePlus

    ... an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis C, is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It usually spreads through contact with ... childbirth. Most people who are infected with hepatitis C don't have any symptoms for years. If ...

  10. A Lesser-Known Hepatic Anatomical and Surgical Structure: the Rouviere-Gans Incisura (RGI).

    PubMed

    Cîmpeanu, Ionel; Băjenaru, Nicoleta; Puşcaşu, Ana

    2017-01-01

    Rouviere-Gans incisura (RGI) is a relatively frequent hepatic anatomosurgical structure (it appears in 52%-80% of cases), but it is not wellknown in hepatic surgery. The presence of RGI is an important landmark to avoid biliary lesions during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, since it allows the isolation of the right posterior glissonean pedicle in 70% of cases, therefore simplifying the resection of the posterior right hepatic section or its segments (Sg6 and Sg7). While performing a right posterior hepatic resection for living-donor liver transplantation, the presence of the RGI facilitates the dissection of the vasculo-biliary structures in the right posterior glissonean pedicle. Celsius.

  11. Curative resection of hepatocellular carcinoma using modified Glissonean pedicle transection versus the Pringle maneuver: a case control study.

    PubMed

    Ji, Bai; Wang, Yingchao; Wang, Guangyi; Liu, Yahui

    2012-01-01

    The Glissonean pedicle transection method of liver resection has been found to shorten operative time and minimize intraoperative bleeding during liver segmentectomy. We have compared the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of the Glissonean pedicle transection method with the Pringle maneuver in patients undergoing selective curative resection of large hepatocellualr carcinoma (HCC). Eligible patients with large (> 5 cm) nodular HCC (n = 50) were assigned to undergo curative hepatectomy using the Glissonean pedicle transection method (n = 25) or the Pringle maneuver (n = 25). Partial interruption of the infrahepatic inferior vena cava was incorporated to further reduce bleeding from liver transection. The primary outcome measure was postoperative changes in liver function from baseline. Secondary outcomes included operating time, volume of intraoperative blood loss/transfusion, and time to resolution of ascites. The two groups were comparable in age, sex, site and size of the liver tumor, segment or lobe intended to be resected, and liver function reserve, and the results were not significant statistically. All patients underwent successful major hepatectomies using the assigned method, with the extent of major hepatectomy comparable in the two groups (P = 0.832). The Glissonean approach was associated with shorter hepatic inflow interruption (30.0 ± 12.0 min vs. 45.0 ± 13.0 min, P < 0.001), lower volume of blood loss (145.0 ± 20.0 mL vs. 298.0 ± 109.0 mL, P < 0.001), reduced requirement for transfusion (0.0 ± 0.0 mL vs. 200.0 ± 109.0 mL, P < 0.0001), and more rapid resolution of ascites (9.5 ± 1.2 d vs. 15.3 ± 2.4 d, P < 0.001). Postoperative liver function measures were comparable in the two groups, and the results were not significant statistically. The Glissonean pedicle transection method is a feasible, effective, and safe technique for hepatic inflow control during the curative resection of large nodular HCCs.

  12. Lymph road mapping obtained via blue sentinel node detection to avoid middle colic artery resection for highly selected colon cancer cases: proof of a concept?

    PubMed

    Lo Dico, R; Lasser, P; Goérè, D; Malka, D; Boige, V; Pocard, M

    2010-09-01

    In theory, perioperative detection of lymph nodes with the injection of isosulfan blue dye should provide lymph road mapping (LRM) able to direct the resection. However, there is no supporting evidence for this theory in cases of colon cancer. We reanalysed all operative reports using the sentinel lymph node technique with blue dye injection. The retrospective study included 140 patients who underwent the sentinel lymph node (SLN) procedure between February 2001 and November 2007, including 70 cases in which the in vivo technique was used. In 8 cases (11%), LRM was used by the surgeon to determine the extent of resection. In 5 cases, including limited or extended resection, the final pathological stage was II at the end of the follow-up period, and the patients had no recurrent disease. However, findings for 3 cases of stage III cancer were more relevant to the aims of this study. In these 3 patients, one with cancer (T3N1(3/22)) located at the hepatic flexure, and 2 with cancers (T3N2(7/41) and T2N2 (4/15)) at the splenic flexure, the middle colic artery was conserved as a result of LRM information. Of these 3 patients, 1 was alive without disease at 6-year follow-up and 2 at 5-year follow-up. LRM obtained via blue sentinel node detection makes it possible to avoid middle colic artery resection for selected colon cancer cases. LRM seems particularly suitable in cases of colonic flexure location or prior colon surgery.

  13. Laser-assisted parenchyma-sparing pulmonary resection

    SciTech Connect

    LoCicero, J. III; Frederiksen, J.W.; Hartz, R.S.; Michaelis, L.L. )

    1989-05-01

    The neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser is an excellent tool for removing lesions while sparing surrounding normal tissue. Local excision of 32 pulmonary lesions in 26 patients was performed with the Nd:YAG laser. Fourteen patients had moderate to severe impairment of pulmonary function: average forced vital capacity = 2.2 +/- 0.3 L and forced expiratory volume in 1 second = 1.3 +/- 0.3 L. Limited thoracotomy was used in the last 23 patients. The resected lesions included 16 primary malignant tumors: nine adenocarcinomas, five squamous carcinomas, and two large cell carcinomas. Eight of these lesions were classified as T1 N0, seven were T2 N0; and one was T1 N2. There were 10 metastatic lesions: three lymphomas, two adenocarcinomas, two leiomyosarcomas, and one case each of melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and renal cell carcinoma. There were six benign lesions: three granulomas, two hamartomas, and one carcinoid. Twelve lesions were deep seated, could not have been removed by wedge resection or segmentectomy, and would have necessitated lobectomy without this technique. With the laser, the lesion could be precisely excised with minimal loss of lung parenchyma. Mean operating time was 80 +/- 20 minutes; laser resection time was 15 +/- 8 minutes. Resection necessitated 10,000 to 20,000 J. Total blood loss was minimal (less than 100 ml). Chest tubes were always used and remained in place 5 +/- 2 days. The mean hospitalization time was 10 +/- 2 days. Pulmonary function testing, perform 6 weeks to 6 months after discharge, showed no significant difference from preoperative levels. To date, there have been no local recurrences (longest follow-up 2 years). The Nd:YAG laser is an excellent adjunct for pulmonary resection in patients who have marginal pulmonary function or who have deep parenchymal lesions not amenable to wedge resection. The operative technique for laser resection is presented.

  14. Simulation of brain tumor resection in image-guided neurosurgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Xiaoyao; Ji, Songbai; Fontaine, Kathryn; Hartov, Alex; Roberts, David; Paulsen, Keith

    2011-03-01

    Preoperative magnetic resonance images are typically used for neuronavigation in image-guided neurosurgery. However, intraoperative brain deformation (e.g., as a result of gravitation, loss of cerebrospinal fluid, retraction, resection, etc.) significantly degrades the accuracy in image guidance, and must be compensated for in order to maintain sufficient accuracy for navigation. Biomechanical finite element models are effective techniques that assimilate intraoperative data and compute whole-brain deformation from which to generate model-updated MR images (uMR) to improve accuracy in intraoperative guidance. To date, most studies have focused on early surgical stages (i.e., after craniotomy and durotomy), whereas simulation of more complex events at later surgical stages has remained to be a challenge using biomechanical models. We have developed a method to simulate partial or complete tumor resection that incorporates intraoperative volumetric ultrasound (US) and stereovision (SV), and the resulting whole-brain deformation was used to generate uMR. The 3D ultrasound and stereovision systems are complimentary to each other because they capture features deeper in the brain beneath the craniotomy and at the exposed cortical surface, respectively. In this paper, we illustrate the application of the proposed method to simulate brain tumor resection at three temporally distinct surgical stages throughout a clinical surgery case using sparse displacement data obtained from both the US and SV systems. We demonstrate that our technique is feasible to produce uMR that agrees well with intraoperative US and SV images after dural opening, after partial tumor resection, and after complete tumor resection. Currently, the computational cost to simulate tumor resection can be up to 30 min because of the need for re-meshing and the trial-and-error approach to refine the amount of tissue resection. However, this approach introduces minimal interruption to the surgical workflow

  15. Analysis of the extent of resection for adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder.

    PubMed

    D'Angelica, Michael; Dalal, Kimberly Moore; DeMatteo, Ronald P; Fong, Yuman; Blumgart, Leslie H; Jarnagin, William R

    2009-04-01

    Gallbladder cancer has historically been considered an incurable malignancy; although, extended resection has been associated with cure in selected patients. However, the optimal extent of resection is unknown. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the extent of resection for gallbladder adenocarcinoma on disease-specific survival (DSS) and perioperative morbidity. Analysis of a prospective hepatobiliary surgery database identified patients undergoing surgical resection for gallbladder adenocarcinoma from 1990 to 2002. Clinicopathologic factors including extent of resection were analyzed for their association with DSS and perioperative morbidity. Long-term outcome was evaluable in 104 patients. With median follow-up of 58 months for survivors, the actuarial 5-year DSS was 42%. Thirty-six patients (35%) underwent major hepatectomy, but in 15 this was not mandatory to clear all disease. Sixty-eight patients (65%) underwent common bile duct (CBD) excision, but 32 were performed empirically. Twenty-one patients (20%) underwent en bloc resection of adjacent organs other than the liver. The performance of a major hepatectomy or a CBD excision was not associated with other clinicopathologic variables or long-term survival. Resection of adjacent organs were associated with advanced T stage but not with survival. T stage, N stage, histologic differentiation, and CBD involvement were independently associated with survival. Major hepatectomy and CBD excision were significantly associated with perioperative morbidity. We conclude that tumor biology and stage, rather than extent of resection, predict outcome after resection for gallbladder cancer. Major hepatic resections, including major hepatectomy and CBD excision, are appropriate when necessary to clear disease but are not mandatory in all cases.

  16. Safe transanal tumor resection using a harmonic scalpel.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Yuji; Ohki, Takeshi; Nakagawa, Ryousuke; Yamamoto, Masakazu

    2014-01-01

    We performed a safe and simple transanal tumor resection involving total layer resection using a harmonic scalpel as a resecting device. Here we report the results of our experience with this technique between 2005 and 2011. This study involved 32 patients who underwent transanal tumor resection using a harmonic scalpel. The subjects comprised 18 men and 14 women ranging in age from 34 to 87 years (mean: 64.5 years). The tumors measured 8 to 70 mm (mean: 31 mm) in diameter. The operation took 7 to 86 minutes (mean: 29 minutes), and the amount of bleeding was 0 to 165 mL (mean: 16.2 mL). There was no intraoperative blood loss that necessitated hemostatic procedures. Histopathologically, the lesions included hyperplastic polyp in 1 case, adenoma in 9, carcinoma in situ in 7, submucosal invasive cancer in 6, muscularis propria cancer in 4, carcinoid in 1, malignant lymphoma in 1, gastrointestinal stromal tumor in 1, mucosal prolapsed syndrome in 1, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma in 1. With our technique, en bloc resection was achieved in all patients, and the use of a harmonic scalpel enabled us to complete the operation within 30 minutes, on average, without intraoperative bleeding.

  17. Thoracoscopic resection with intraoperative use of methylene blue to localize mediastinal parathyroid adenomas.

    PubMed

    Adachi, Yoshin; Nakamura, Hiroshige; Taniguchi, Yuji; Miwa, Ken; Fujioka, Shinji; Haruki, Tomohiro

    2012-03-01

    We report a case of thoracoscopic resection of mediastinal parathyroid adenomas using methylene blue to localize the tumors during the operation. After methylene blue 4 mg/kg was injected intravenously, we easily identified methylene blue-stained parathyroid glands and successfully resected them with sufficient surgical margins. The use of methylene blue for detection of parathyroid adenoma is a useful technique.

  18. Endoscopic resection of subcutaneous lipoma and tumor-like lesion of the foot.

    PubMed

    Lui, Tun Hing

    2016-03-01

    Open resection is the standard surgical treatment for subcutaneous lipoma. However, it may result in cosmetically non-desirable scars in case of large lesion. Endoscopic resection of subcutaneous lipoma and tumor-like lesions may result in better cosmetic result and patient satisfaction. The basis of the endoscopic technique is described.

  19. Long-term oncologic outcomes for simultaneous resection of synchronous metastatic liver and primary colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Silberhumer, Gerd R; Paty, Philip B; Denton, Brian; Guillem, Jose; Gonen, Mithat; Araujo, Raphael L C; Nash, Garret M; Temple, Larissa K; Allen, Peter J; DeMatteo, Ronald P; Weiser, Martin R; Wong, W Douglas; Jarnagin, William R; D'Angelica, Michael I; Fong, Yuman

    2016-07-01

    Twenty-five percent of patients with colorectal cancer present with simultaneous liver metastasis. Complete resection is the only potential curative treatment. Due to improvements in operative and perioperative management, simultaneous liver and colon resections are an accepted procedure at specialized centers for selected patients. Nevertheless, little is known about the long-term, oncologic results of simultaneous operative procedures compared with those of staged operations. Patients with colorectal cancer and simultaneous liver metastases presenting for complete resection at a tertiary cancer center were identified. Patients who received the primary colon resection at an outside institution were excluded from analysis. Between 1984 and 2008, 429 patients underwent operative treatment for colorectal cancer with simultaneous liver metastasis. Of these, 320 (75%) had simultaneous resection and 109 had staged resection. There was no difference in the distribution of primary tumor locations between the 2 groups. Mean size of the hepatic metastases was significantly greater in the staged group (median 4 cm vs 2.5 cm; P < .01). Neither disease-free nor overall survival differed significantly between the 2 treatment strategies. The extent of the liver procedure (more than 3 segments) was identified as a risk factor for decreased disease-free and overall survival (both P < .01). Simultaneous liver and colorectal resections for metastatic colorectal cancer are associated with similar long-term cancer outcome compared with staged procedures. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Costs of laparoscopic and open liver and pancreatic resection: A systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Limongelli, Paolo; Vitiello, Chiara; Belli, Andrea; Pai, Madhava; Tolone, Salvatore; del Genio, Gianmattia; Brusciano, Luigi; Docimo, Giovanni; Habib, Nagy; Belli, Giulio; Jiao, Long Richard; Docimo, Ludovico

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To study costs of laparoscopic and open liver and pancreatic resections, all the compiled data from available observational studies were systematically reviewed. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed using the Medline, Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane databases to identify all studies published up to 2013 that compared laparoscopic and open liver [laparoscopic hepatic resection (LLR) vs open liver resection (OLR)] and pancreatic [laparoscopic pancreatic resection (LPR) vs open pancreatic resection] resection. The last search was conducted on October 30, 2013. RESULTS: Four studies reported that LLR was associated with lower ward stay cost than OLR (2972 USD vs 5291 USD). The costs related to equipment (3345 USD vs 2207 USD) and theatre (14538 vs 11406) were reported higher for LLR. The total cost was lower in patients managed by LLR (19269 USD) compared to OLR (23419 USD). Four studies reported that LPR was associated with lower ward stay cost than OLR (6755 vs 9826 USD). The costs related to equipment (2496 USD vs 1630 USD) and theatre (5563 vs 4444) were reported higher for LPR. The total cost was lower in the LPR (8825 USD) compared to OLR (13380 USD). CONCLUSION: This systematic review support the economic advantage of laparoscopic over open approach to liver and pancreatic resection. PMID:25516675

  1. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for complex mediastinal mass resections

    PubMed Central

    DeMarchi, Lorenzo; Emerson, Dominic A.; Holzner, Matthew L.

    2015-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgery has changed the way operative procedures are performed in many specialties. As surgeons have become progressively facile with these techniques, the opportunities to use them have expanded. In thoracic surgery, many surgeons now use minimally invasive techniques to resect small, uncomplicated pathologies of the mediastinum as well as to perform thymectomy for myasthenia gravis. Experience with these techniques has allowed new knowledge to be gained and expansion of the use of these techniques for more complicated mediastinal pathology. This keynote address will outline the instrumentation and techniques that we have adopted over a decade of using these techniques for more complicated mediastinal pathology. PMID:26693146

  2. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for complex mediastinal mass resections.

    PubMed

    Marshall, M Blair; DeMarchi, Lorenzo; Emerson, Dominic A; Holzner, Matthew L

    2015-11-01

    Minimally invasive surgery has changed the way operative procedures are performed in many specialties. As surgeons have become progressively facile with these techniques, the opportunities to use them have expanded. In thoracic surgery, many surgeons now use minimally invasive techniques to resect small, uncomplicated pathologies of the mediastinum as well as to perform thymectomy for myasthenia gravis. Experience with these techniques has allowed new knowledge to be gained and expansion of the use of these techniques for more complicated mediastinal pathology. This keynote address will outline the instrumentation and techniques that we have adopted over a decade of using these techniques for more complicated mediastinal pathology.

  3. Intravital Imaging of Neutrophil Recruitment Reveals the Efficacy of FPR1 Blockade in Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.

    PubMed

    Honda, Masaki; Takeichi, Takayuki; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Yoshii, Daiki; Isono, Kaori; Hayashida, Shintaro; Ohya, Yuki; Yamamoto, Hidekazu; Sugawara, Yasuhiko; Inomata, Yukihiro

    2017-02-15

    Neutrophils are considered responsible for the pathophysiological changes resulting from hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, which is a complication of trauma, shock, liver resection, and transplantation. Recently, evidence is accumulating that formyl-peptide receptor (FPR) signaling constitutes an important danger signal that guides neutrophils to sites of inflammation. This study aimed to investigate dynamic neutrophil recruitment using two-photon laser-scanning microscopy (TPLSM) in response to FPR1 blockade during hepatic I/R. LysM-eGFP mice were subjected to partial warm hepatic I/R. They were pretreated with an FPR1 antagonist, cyclosporine H (CsH), or formyl peptide, fMLF. Liver was imaged after hepatic laser irradiation or I/R using the TPLSM technique. CsH treatment alleviated hepatic I/R injury, as evidenced by decreased serum transaminase levels, reduced hepatocyte necrosis/apoptosis, and diminished inflammatory cytokine, chemokine, and oxidative stress. In contrast, systemic administration of fMLF showed few effects. Time-lapse TPLSM showed that FPR1 blockade inhibited the accumulation of neutrophils in the necrotic area induced by laser irradiation in vivo. In the CsH-treated I/R group, the number and crawling velocity of neutrophils in the nonperfused area were lower than those in the control group. Meanwhile, FPR1 blockade did not affect monocyte/macrophage recruitment. Hepatic I/R promoted the retention of neutrophils and their active behavior in the spleen, whereas CsH treatment prevented their changes. Intravital TPLSM revealed that formyl-peptide-FPR1 signaling is responsible for regulating neutrophil chemotaxis to allow migration into the necrotic area in hepatic I/R. Our findings suggest effective approaches for elucidating the mechanisms of immune cell responses in hepatic I/R.

  4. Total Resection of Complex Spinal Cord Lipomas: How, Why, and When to Operate?

    PubMed Central

    PANG, Dachling

    2015-01-01

    This article shows the long-term advantage of total resection of complex spinal cord lipomas over partial resection and over non-surgical treatment for children with asymptomatic lipomas. The classification, embryogenesis, and technique of total resection of complex lipomas are described. The 20-year outcome of 315 patients who had total resection is measured by overall progression-free survival (PFS, Kaplan-Meier), and by subgroup Cox multivariate hazard analysis for the influence of four variables: lipoma type, symptoms, prior surgery, and post-operative cord-sac ratio. These results are compared to 116 patients who underwent partial resection, and to two published series of asymptomatic lipomas followed without surgery. The PFS after total resection for all lipomas is 88.1% over 20 years vs. 34.6% for partial resection at 10.5 years (p < 0.0001). The PFS for total resection of asymptomatic virgin lipomas rose to 98.8% vs. 60% and 67% for non-surgical treatment. Partial resection also compares poorly to non-surgical treatment for asymptomatic lipomas. Multivariate analyses show that a low cord-sac ratio is the only independent variable that predicts good outcome. Pre-operative profiling shows the ideal patient for total resection is a young child with a virgin asymptomatic lipoma, who, with a PFS of 99.2%, is essentially cured. The technique of total resection can be learned by any neurosurgeon. Its long-term protection against symptomatic recurrence is better than partial resection and conservative management. The surgery should be done at diagnosis, except for asymptomatic small infants in whom surgery should be postponed till 6 months to minimize morbidity. PMID:26345666

  5. Use of modelling and simulation techniques to support decision making on the progression of PF-04878691, a TLR7 agonist being developed for hepatitis C.

    PubMed

    Jones, Hannah M; Chan, Phylinda L S; van der Graaf, Piet H; Webster, Robert

    2012-01-01

    To use non-linear mixed effects modelling and simulation techniques to predict whether PF-04878691, a toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist, would produce sufficient antiviral efficacy while maintaining an acceptable side effect profile in a 'proof of concept' (POC) study in chronic hepatitis C (HCV) patients. A population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PKPD) model was developed using available 'proof of pharmacology' (POP) clinical data to describe PF-04878691 pharmacokinetics (PK) and its relationship to 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS; marker of pharmacology) and lymphocyte levels (marker of safety) following multiple doses in healthy subjects. A second model was developed to describe the relationship between change from baseline OAS expressed as fold change and HCV viral RNA concentrations using clinical data available in HCV patients for a separate compound, CPG-10101 (ACTILON™), a TLR9 agonist. Using these models the antiviral efficacy and safety profiles of PF-04878691 were predicted in HCV patients. The population PKPD models described well the clinical data as assessed by visual inspection of diagnostic plots, visual predictive checks and precision of the parameter estimates. Using these relationships, PF-04878691 exposure and HCV viral RNA concentration was simulated in HCV patients receiving twice weekly administration for 4 weeks over a range of doses. The simulations indicated that significant reductions in HCV viral RNA concentrations would be expected at doses > 6 mg. However at these doses grade ≥ 3 lymphopenia was also predicted. The model simulations indicate that PF-04878691 is unlikely to achieve POC criteria and support the discontinuation of this compound for the treatment of HCV. © 2011 The Authors. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology © 2011 The British Pharmacological Society.

  6. Local resection of ampullary tumors.

    PubMed

    Meneghetti, Adam T; Safadi, Bassem; Stewart, Lygia; Way, Lawrence W

    2005-12-01

    There is no consensus on the appropriateness of local resection for ampullary tumors, because malignant recurrence of what were thought to be benign tumors has been reported. This study examined the role of local resection in the management of ampullary tumors. Thirty patients (mean age 66 years) had transduodenal local resections performed at UCSF-Moffitt Hospital or the San Francisco VA Medical Center (February, 1992 to March, 2004). Mean follow-up time was 5.8 years. Preoperative biopsies (obtained in all patients) showed 18 adenomas, four adenomas with dysplasia, five adenomas with atypia, one adenoma with dysplasia and focal adenocarcinoma, and two tumors seen on endoscopy, whose biopsies showed only duodenal mucosa. In comparison with the final pathology findings, the results of frozen section examinations for malignancy in 20 patients, during the operation, were false-negative in three cases. The final pathologic diagnosis was 23 villous adenomas, six adenocarcinomas, and one paraganglioma. On preoperative biopsies, all patients who had high-grade dysplasia and one of five patients with atypia turned out to have invasive adenocarcinoma when the entire specimen was examined postoperatively. Two (33%) adenocarcinomas recurred at a mean of 4 years; both had negative margins at the initial resection. Among the 23 adenomas, three (13%) recurred (all as adenomas) at a mean of 3.2 years; in only one of these cases was the margin positive at the time of resection. Tumor size did not influence recurrence rate. Ampullary tumors with high-grade dysplasia on preoperative biopsy should be treated by pancreaticoduodenectomy because they usually harbor malignancy. Recurrence is too common and unpredictable after local resection of malignant lesions for this to be considered an acceptable alternative to pancreaticoduodenectomy. Ampullary adenomas can be resected locally with good results, but the recurrence rate was 13%, so endoscopic surveillance is indicated

  7. Comminuted fractures of the radial head: resection or prosthesis?

    PubMed

    Lópiz, Yaiza; González, Ana; García-Fernández, Carlos; García-Coiradas, Javier; Marco, Fernando

    2016-09-01

    At present, surgical treatment of comminuted radial head fractures without associated instability continues to be controversial. When anatomical reconstruction is not possible, radial head excision is performed. However, the appearance of long-term complications with this technique, along with the development of new radial head implants situates arthroplasty as a promising surgical alternative. The purpose of the present study was to compare the mid-term functional outcomes of both techniques. A retrospective study was performed between 2002 and 2011 on 25 Mason type-III fractures, 11 patients treated with primary radial head resection and 14 who received treatment of the fracture with metal prosthesis. At the end of follow-up, patients were contacted and outcomes evaluated according to: Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS), the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score (DASH) and strength measurement. Radiographic assessment (proximal migration of the radius, osteoarthritic changes, and signs of prosthesis loosening) was also performed. The average age of the sample was 53.7 years in the resection group, and 54.4 years in the replacement group, with a mean follow-up of 60.3 and 42 months respectively. According to the MEPS scale, there were 6 excellent cases, 3 good and 2 acceptable in the resection group, and 6 excellent cases, 3 good, 3 acceptable, and 2 poor in the prosthesis group. The mean DASH score were 13.5, and 24.8 for the resection and the replacement group respectively. We found one postoperative complication in the resection group (stiffness and valgus instability) and 6 in the replacement group: 3 of joint stiffness, 1 case of prosthesis breakage, and 2 neurological injuries. Although this is a retrospective study, the high complication rate occurring after radial head replacement in comparison with radial head resection, as well as good functional results obtained with this last technique, leads us to recommend it for comminuted radial head

  8. Hepatitis Vaccines

    PubMed Central

    Ogholikhan, Sina; Schwarz, Kathleen B.

    2016-01-01

    Viral hepatitis is a serious health problem all over the world. However, the reduction of the morbidity and mortality due to vaccinations against hepatitis A and hepatitis B has been a major component in the overall reduction in vaccine preventable diseases. We will discuss the epidemiology, vaccine development, and post-vaccination effects of the hepatitis A and B virus. In addition, we discuss attempts to provide hepatitis D vaccine for the 350 million individuals infected with hepatitis B globally. Given the lack of a hepatitis C vaccine, the many challenges facing the production of a hepatitis C vaccine will be shown, along with current and former vaccination trials. As there is no current FDA-approved hepatitis E vaccine, we will present vaccination data that is available in the rest of the world. Finally, we will discuss the existing challenges and questions facing future endeavors for each of the hepatitis viruses, with efforts continuing to focus on dramatically reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with these serious infections of the liver. PMID:26978406

  9. Energy dialogue technique in healing and health: relieving side effects and thyroid dysfunction in a male with hemophilia receiving pegylated interferon and ribavirin treatment for hepatitis C virus--an anecdotal case study.

    PubMed

    Krug, Phyllis; Kramer, Deborah; Bukatman, Rochelle; Gordon, Phyllis; Mermelstein, Pamela

    2013-09-01

    This article describes the use of energy dialogue technique (EDT), a healing intervention that provides awareness of imbalances in the energetic field that affect patients' health and guide the practitioner to sense and direct the frequency, vibration, intention, awareness, or consciousness to correct these imbalances. The authors document the effectiveness of this technique as it was used to treat side effects of the medical intervention for hepatitis C in a male with hemophilia. Following EDT, the client's symptoms of fatigue and pain improved by 30% to 40%; moreover, thyroid function returned to normal. The authors suggest that EDT be studied and explored for inclusion as a treatment modality.

  10. [Postoperative complications of labia minora reduction. Comparative study between wedge and edge resection].

    PubMed

    Ouar, N; Guillier, D; Moris, V; Revol, M; Francois, C; Cristofari, S

    2017-06-01

    Labia minora reduction interventions rise in Europe and in North America. Several techniques are described. The objective of this study was to compare postoperative complications of the two most practiced interventions: wedge resection and edge resection. Primary labia minora reductions realized in our unit between October 2009 and July 2016 have been retrospectively identified. Two techniques were used by two surgeons: edge resection technique and wedge resection technique. The main evaluation criterion was the occurrence and the quantity of wound dehiscence: superior to 50% (total or subtotal) and inferior to 50% (partial). Patients were systematically examined at 1 week, 1 month and 6 months postoperatively. Data analysis between both groups was made with an exact Fisher test. Mean follow-up was 5.3 months after intervention. Sixty-four patients have been included, 42 wedge resections (group C) and 22 edge resections (group L). Global complication rate at 1 month was 13% (n=8). Among wedge resections 14% (n=6) developed complication and 2% (n=9) among edge resection. Seven surgical revisions were necessary: 5 for wound dehiscence (4 in the group C and 1 in the group L) and 2 for hematoma, one in each group. Three (5%) partial wound dehiscence (inferior to 50%) have been identified and let in secondary intention healing: 2 (19%) in the group C and 1 (27%) in the group L. Complication rates between both techniques were not significantly different. Postoperative wound dehiscence is the main labia minora reduction complication. Our global complication rate, 13%, matches with the current literature. A tendency can be shown where wedge resection is more likely to develop wound dehiscence than edge resection. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  11. Minimally-invasive resection of a scapular osteochondroma.

    PubMed

    Pérez, David; Cano, Jose Ramón; Caballero, Jonathan; López, Luis

    2011-11-01

    Osteochondroma of the scapula is a rare benign tumour that produces pain and mechanical dysfunction of the joint when settled on the ventral surface of the scapula. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice in symptomatic cases. Conventional open excision has been the traditional treatment of choice, while published cases involving a minimally-invasive approach are rare and restricted to descriptions of video-assisted procedures. We present a case of video-assisted surgical resection of a large osteochondroma from the ventral surface of the scapula in a young male patient with the snapping scapula syndrome. The technique and the postoperatory outcome are described.

  12. Calcaneonavicular Coalition Resection With Pes Planovalgus Reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Quinn, Emily A; Peterson, Kyle S; Hyer, Christopher F

    2016-01-01

    Calcaneonavicular coalitions can lead to a painful, rigid pes planovalgus deformity. Historical treatment of coalitions recommends resection. A newer concept in coalition treatment includes concomitant flatfoot reconstruction. In the present study, we hoped to demonstrate the ability to reconstruct a flatfoot deformity with concomitant calcaneonavicular coalition resection. We performed a retrospective comparative study of patients undergoing isolated calcaneonavicular bar excision (group A) with those undergoing calcaneonavicular bar excision and concomitant pes planovalgus reconstruction (group B). The radiographic parameters of pes planovalgus correction were measured on the pre- and postoperative radiographs, including talar head uncoverage, calcaneal inclination, and anteroposterior and lateral talo-first metatarsal angle. Calcaneonavicular coalition resection was performed using a standard technique with or without biologic spacers. Associated flatfoot reconstruction included posterior muscle group lengthening, calcaneal osteotomy, and/or midfoot osteotomy. Of the 27 patients, 20 were included in group A and 7 in group B. Their mean age was 18.1 years. Improvement was seen in the radiographic parameters for patients undergoing calcaneonavicular bar excision with concomitant flatfoot procedures, with statistical significance found in the calcaneal inclination (p = .013). Talar head uncoverage improved in both groups (p = .011). No change was found in the radiographic angles in patients undergoing isolated calcaneonavicular bar excision. No patients in either group developed recurrence of the coalition. The results of the present study demonstrated radiographic improvement in patients undergoing calcaneonavicular bar excision with concomitant pes planovalgus reconstruction. Hindfoot reconstruction with joint sparing osteotomies during coalition excision is a reasonable option to improve alignment and avoid arthrodesis. Copyright © 2016 American College of

  13. Hepatic perivascular epithelioid cell tumor

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Da; Wang, Jianmin; Tian, Yuepeng; Li, Qiuguo; Yan, Haixiong; Wang, Biao; Xiong, Li; Li, Qinglong

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Rational: Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm which expresses both myogenic and melanocytic markers. PEComas are found in a variety locations in the body, but up to now only approximately 30 cases about hepatic perivascular epithelioid cell tumor are reported in English language worldwide. Patient concerns: A 32-year-old woman was admitted in our hospital with intermittent right upper quadrant pain for 1 month and recent (1 day) progressive deterioration. Diagnoses: Based on the results of the laboratory examinations and the findings of the computed tomography, the diagnosis of hepatic hamartoma or the hepatocecullar carcinoma with hemorrhage was made. Interventions: The patient underwent a segmentectomy of the liver, and the finally diagnosis of hepatic PEComa was made with immunohistochemical confirmation with HMB-45 and SMA. Outcomes: There is no clinical or radiographic evidence of recurrence 9 months after surgery. Lessons: This kind of tumor is extremely rare and the natural history of PEComa is uncertain, as the treatment protocol for hepatic PEComa has not reached a consensus. But the main treatment of the disease may be surgical resection. Only after long term follow-up can we know whether the tumor is benign or malignant. It appears that longer clinical follow-up is necessary in all patients with hepatic PEComas. PMID:28002331

  14. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in Pregnancy

    MedlinePlus

    ... signs and symptoms of hepatitis C virus infection? Hepatitis C virus infection causes signs and symptoms similar to those of hepatitis B virus infection. It also can cause no symptoms. Unlike hepatitis B virus infection, most ...

  15. Feature Hepatitis: Hepatitis Can Strike Anyone

    MedlinePlus

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Feature Hepatitis Hepatitis Can Strike Anyone Past Issues / Spring 2009 Table ... from all walks of life are affected by hepatitis, especially hepatitis C, the most common form of ...

  16. [Liver resection by water jet].

    PubMed

    Horie, T

    1989-01-01

    Major problem in resecting liver parenchyma is how to control the bleeding. Recently, resection of the liver by water jet has been reported. So, experimental and clinical studies were performed to investigate the usefulness of the water jet equipment. Ten pigs weighing around 17kg were used. The optimal pressure to resect the porcine liver was 7 to 15kg/cm2. By 4 weeks the cut surface was covered with fibrous capsule. Portal angiography showed no abnormality in the resected area. The water jet was also used in 30 human operations. The optimal pressure was 12 to 18kg/cm2 for non cirrhotic liver and 15 to 20kg/cm2 for cirrhotic liver. The surface immediately after jet cutting was more smooth than that of CUSA and histologically there was slight bleeding and necrosis. The volume of blood loss during dissection was not different between water jet group and CUSA group. No significant changes were found in the laboratory data. These results suggest that water jet is as useful as CUSA for cutting the liver parenchyma.

  17. Liver resection in children, using a water-jet.

    PubMed

    Hata, Y; Sasaki, F; Takahashi, H; Ohkawa, Y; Taguchi, K; Une, Y; Uchino, J

    1994-05-01

    The water-jet method has been used during hepatic resection in children. The instrument cuts the hepatic tissue by means of a high-pressure fine water-jet, while the exposed intrahepatic vessels are spared injury. Physiological saline was used for the jet water, and pressure of 12 to 15 kilograms of force per square centimeter (kgf/cm2) through a 0.15-mm-diameter nozzle was found to be optimal for cutting the liver parenchyma. The authors evaluated the usefulness of the water-jet dissector (n = 8) during bisegmentectomy or trisegmentectomy in comparison to the Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator (CUSA) (n = 5). The mean operation time was 4.08 +/- 0.87 hours for the water-jet group and 5.08 +/- 1.33 hours for the CUSA group. The mean blood loss was 602 +/- 659 mL for the water-jet group and 1,036 +/- 521 mL for the CUSA group. Although there were no significant differences with respect to operation time, blood loss, or postoperative complications, the liver parenchyma was dissected more easily using the water-jet. The authors believe that the mechanical simplicity and safety of the water-jet method will lead to its more widespread use in liver resection in children.