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Sample records for high energy spin

  1. Spin structure in high energy processes: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    DePorcel, L.; Dunwoodie, C.

    1994-12-01

    This report contains papers as the following topics: Spin, Mass, and Symmetry; physics with polarized Z{sup 0}s; spin and precision electroweak physics; polarized electron sources; polarization phenomena in quantum chromodynamics; polarized lepton-nucleon scattering; polarized targets in high energy physics; spin dynamics in storage rings and linear accelerators; spin formalism and applications to new physics searches; precision electroweak physics at LEP; recent results on heavy flavor physics from LEP experiments using 1990--1992 data; precise measurement of the left-right cross section asymmetry in Z boson production by electron-positron collisions; preliminary results on heavy flavor physics at SLD; QCD tests with SLD and polarized beams; recent results from TRISTAN at KEK; recent B physics results from CLEO; searching for the H dibaryon at Brookhaven; recent results from the compton observatory; the spin structure of the deuteron; spin structure of the neutron ({sup 3}HE) and the Bjoerken sum rule; a consumer`s guide to lattice QCD results; top ten models constrained by b {yields} sy; a review of the Fermilab fixed target program; results from the D0 experiment; results from CDF at FNAL; quantum-mechanical suppression of bremsstrahlung; report from the ZEUS collaboration at HERA; physics from the first year of H1 at HERA, and hard diffraction. These papers have been cataloged separately elsewhere.

  2. SLAC workshop on high energy electroproduction and spin physics

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    These Proceedings contain copies of the transparencies presented at the Workshop on High Energy Electroproduction and Spin Physics held at SLAC on February 5--8, 1992. The purpose of this Workshop was to bring people together to discuss the possibilities for new experiments using the SLAC high intensity electron and photon beams and the facilities of End Station A.

  3. SLAC workshop on high energy electroproduction and spin physics

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-04-01

    These Proceedings contain copies of the transparencies presented at the Workshop on High Energy Electroproduction and Spin Physics held at SLAC on February 5--8, 1992. The purpose of this Workshop was to bring people together to discuss the possibilities for new experiments using the SLAC high intensity electron and photon beams and the facilities of End Station A.

  4. XVI Workshop on High Energy Spin Physics (D-SPIN2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lednicky, Richard

    2016-02-01

    Dear Colleagues, Ladies and Gentlemen, on behalf of the Directorate of Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) it is a pleasure for me to welcome you here to Dubna for the 16th International Workshop on High Energy Spin Physics. It provides an opportunity to present and discuss the news accumulated during last year. Another important feature of this series of workshops has always been the participation of a large number of physicists from the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries, for which long trips have previously been limited by financial (and earlier also by bureaucratic) reasons. It thus represents an important addition to the series of large International Symposia on spin physics held in even-numbered years in different countries, including the Symposium held in Dubna in 2012. JINR has a long-lasting tradition of experimental and theoretical studies of spin phenomena. The workshops on high energy spin physics started in Dubna in 1981 due to the initiative of L. Lapidus, an outstanding theoretical physicist. Since then, these meetings have been held in Dubna in every odd year and have become regular thanks to Anatoly Vasilievich Efremov, the chairman for many years. Recent years have brought a lot of new experimental results, and above all the discovery and determination of quantum characteristics of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider.

  5. Summary of the 9th international symposium on high energy spin-physics

    SciTech Connect

    Prescott, C.Y.

    1990-11-01

    Summarizing an international conference in high energy spin physics is never an easy task, because of the wide-ranging subjects in physics and technology that are involved. I have chosen to organize the topics of this conference into three broad categories relating to spin; intrinsic spin; composite spin; and spin, the experimental tool. In the first category, I will briefly revisit some historical and recent developments to set a background. In the second category, composite spin, I will discuss the status and developments in several areas, including magnetic moments of baryons, hyperon polarization in high energy high p {perpendicular} production, transverse polarization and asymmetries from transversely polarized targets in high p {perpendicular} scattering, spin structure of the proton, and the Bjorken sum rule. In the third category, I will discuss the steady, and at times rapid, progress in spin technology. In this part I include recent progress in high energy facilities, and comment on the highlights of the Workshops.

  6. High-spin research with HERA (High Energy-Resolution Array)

    SciTech Connect

    Diamond, R.M.

    1987-06-01

    The topic of this report is high spin research with the High Energy Resolution Array (HERA) at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. This is a 21 Ge detector system, the first with bismuth germanate (BGO) Compton suppression. The array is described briefly and some of the results obtained during the past year using this detector facility are discussed. Two types of studies are described: observation of superdeformation in the light Nd isotopes, and rotational damping at high spin and excitation energy in the continuum gamma ray spectrum.

  7. Design and performance of a spin-polarized electron energy loss spectrometer with high momentum resolution

    SciTech Connect

    Vasilyev, D.; Kirschner, J.

    2016-08-15

    We describe a new “complete” spin-polarized electron energy loss spectrometer comprising a spin-polarized primary electron source, an imaging electron analyzer, and a spin analyzer of the “spin-polarizing mirror” type. Unlike previous instruments, we have a high momentum resolution of less than 0.04 Å{sup −1}, at an energy resolution of 90-130 meV. Unlike all previous studies which reported rather broad featureless data in both energy and angle dependence, we find richly structured spectra depending sensitively on small changes of the primary energy, the kinetic energy after scattering, and of the angle of incidence. The key factor is the momentum resolution.

  8. The Spin Contribution to the pp-TOTAL Cross-Section at High Energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andreeva, E. A.; Strikhanov, M. N.; Nurushev, S. B.

    The experimental data on the pp-total cross-sections including the spin-dependent parts are analyzed with the goal to determine the contribution of spin interactions at high energies. Based on the Regge model with cuts, the energy dependencies of such contributions are estimated for two spin-dependent terms: (1) the total spin dependent term, σ1 and (2) the spin projection dependent term, σ2. The estimates show that their contributions to the unpolarized total cross section, σ0, decrease with energy from several % around 2 GeV/c to 10-2% around 200 GeV/c. The assumption σ1= -σ2 does not seem to be correct, while the hypothesis 3 σ1=-σ2 is more preferable, especially in the measured energy interval 2-6 GeV. There is a clear indication that the spin effects are sensitive to the pomeron intercept at - t=0 (GeV/c)2. In order to pin down such effects the spin dependent total cross-sections must be measured with precisions better than 10 μb at 200 GeV/c.

  9. High-order moments of spin-orbit energy in a multielectron configuration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Na, Xieyu; Poirier, M.

    2016-07-01

    In order to analyze the energy-level distribution in complex ions such as those found in warm dense plasmas, this paper provides values for high-order moments of the spin-orbit energy in a multielectron configuration. Using second-quantization results and standard angular algebra or fully analytical expressions, explicit values are given for moments up to 10th order for the spin-orbit energy. Two analytical methods are proposed, using the uncoupled or coupled orbital and spin angular momenta. The case of multiple open subshells is considered with the help of cumulants. The proposed expressions for spin-orbit energy moments are compared to numerical computations from Cowan's code and agree with them. The convergence of the Gram-Charlier expansion involving these spin-orbit moments is analyzed. While a spectrum with infinitely thin components cannot be adequately represented by such an expansion, a suitable convolution procedure ensures the convergence of the Gram-Charlier series provided high-order terms are accounted for. A corrected analytical formula for the third-order moment involving both spin-orbit and electron-electron interactions turns out to be in fair agreement with Cowan's numerical computations.

  10. Universality, maximum radiation, and absorption in high-energy collisions of black holes with spin.

    PubMed

    Sperhake, Ulrich; Berti, Emanuele; Cardoso, Vitor; Pretorius, Frans

    2013-07-26

    We explore the impact of black hole spins on the dynamics of high-energy black hole collisions. We report results from numerical simulations with γ factors up to 2.49 and dimensionless spin parameter χ=+0.85, +0.6, 0, -0.6, -0.85. We find that the scattering threshold becomes independent of spin at large center-of-mass energies, confirming previous conjectures that structure does not matter in ultrarelativistic collisions. It has further been argued that in this limit all of the kinetic energy of the system may be radiated by fine tuning the impact parameter to threshold. On the contrary, we find that only about 60% of the kinetic energy is radiated for γ=2.49. By monitoring apparent horizons before and after scattering events we show that the "missing energy" is absorbed by the individual black holes in the encounter, and moreover the individual black-hole spins change significantly. We support this conclusion with perturbative calculations. An extrapolation of our results to the limit γ→∞ suggests that about half of the center-of-mass energy of the system can be emitted in gravitational radiation, while the rest must be converted into rest-mass and spin energy.

  11. Spin-spin correlations in proton-proton collisions at high energy and threshold enhancements

    SciTech Connect

    de Teramond, G.F.

    1988-05-01

    The striking effects in the spin structure observed in elastic proton collisions and the Nuclear Transparency phenomenon recently discovered at BNL are described in terms of heavy quark threshold enhancements. The deviations from scaling laws and the broadening of the angular distributions at resonance are also consistent with the introduction of new degrees of freedom in the pp system. This implies new s-channel physics. Predictions are given for the spin effects in pp collisions near 18.5 GeV/c at large p/sub T//sup 2/ where new measurements are planned. 9 refs., 4 figs.

  12. Effects of Spin on High-energy Radiation from Accreting Black Holes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O' Riordan, Michael; Pe'er, Asaf; McKinney, Jonathan C.

    2016-11-01

    Observations of jets in X-ray binaries show a correlation between radio power and black hole spin. This correlation, if confirmed, points toward the idea that relativistic jets may be powered by the rotational energy of black holes. In order to examine this further, we perform general relativistic radiative transport calculations on magnetically arrested accretion flows, which are known to produce powerful jets via the Blandford-Znajek (BZ) mechanism. We find that the X-ray and γ-ray emission strongly depend on spin and inclination angle. Surprisingly, the high-energy power does not show the same dependence on spin as the BZ jet power, but instead can be understood as a redshift effect. In particular, photons observed perpendicular to the spin axis suffer little net redshift until originating from close to the horizon. Such observers see deeper into the hot, dense, highly magnetized inner disk region. This effect is largest for rapidly rotating black holes due to a combination of frame dragging and decreasing horizon radius. While the X-ray emission is dominated by the near horizon region, the near-infrared (NIR) radiation originates at larger radii. Therefore, the ratio of X-ray to NIR power is an observational signature of black hole spin.

  13. Dawn of High Energy Spin Physics — In Memory of Michel Borghini

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Masaike, Akira

    2016-02-01

    High energy spin physics with the polarized proton target in 1960s is shown. The dynamic polarization in which the electronic polarization is transferred to protons in paramagnetic material by means of magnetic coupling was proposed at the beginning of 1960s. The first N-N experiment using a polarized proton target was performed with the crystal of La2Mg3 (NO3)1224H2O at CEN-Saclay and Berkeley in 1962, followed by π-p experiments in several laboratories. Protons in organic materials were found to be polarized up to 80% in 3He cryostats in 1969. It was helpful for large background experiments. High proton polarization was interpreted in the spin temperature theory. Spin frozen targets were constructed in early 1970s and used for experiments which require wide access angle. Michel Borghini was a main player for almost all the above works.

  14. PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP CIRCUM-PAN-PACIFIC RIKEN SYMPOSIUM ON HIGH ENERGY SPIN PHYSICS, VOLUME 25

    SciTech Connect

    KUMANO,S.; SHIBATA,T.A.; YAZAKI,K.

    2000-06-28

    The Circum-Pan-Pacific Riken Symposium on High Energy Spin Physics was held at Oukouchi Memorial Hall in Riken from November 3 through 6, 1999. It was held as a joint meeting of the 2nd Circum-Pan-Pacific Symposium on High Energy Spin Physics and the 3rd of the series of Riken Symposia related to the RHIC-SPIN. The 1st Circum-Pan-Pacific Symposium on High Energy Spin Physics was held at Kobe in 1996 and the RHIC-SPIN Riken Symposia had been held every two years since 1995. As Prof. Ozaki mentioned in his talk at the beginning of this meeting, the RHIC was ready for the first beam, physics experiments scheduled in 2000, and the RHIC-SPIN would start in 2001. It was therefore considered to be very timely for the researchers in the field of high energy spin physics to get together, clarifying the present status of the field and discussing interesting and important topics as well as experimental subjects to be pursued. It is especially important for the success of the RHIC-SPIN project that the researchers in the neighboring countries surrounding the Pacific are actively involved in it. This is why the above two series were joined in this. symposium. The subjects discussed in the symposium include: Hard processes probing spin-structure functions, polarization mechanisms in high energy reactions, lattice studies of polarized structure functions, theoretical models for the nucleon and its spin structure, RHIC and RHIC-SPIN projects, results and future projects of existing experimental facilities. Totally 73 scientists participated in the symposium, 27 from abroad and 46 from Japan. it consisted of 13 main sessions, with 33 invited and contributed talks, and 4 discussion sessions covering recent experimental and theoretical developments and important topics in high energy spin physics and closely related fields.

  15. High-energy spin-density-wave correlated fluctuations in paramagnetic Cr + 5 at. % V

    SciTech Connect

    Werner, S.A.; Fawcett, E.; Elmiger, M.W.; Shirane, G.

    1992-11-01

    Measurements of the magnetic fluctuations, termed spin-density-wave (SDW) paramagnons, in the nearly antiferromagnetic alloy Cr + 5 at.%V are extended up in energy to about 80 MeV. These fluctuating spin-spin correlations occur at incommensurate positions, corresponding to the SDW wavevector Q. Their characteristic energy is at least an order of magnitude larger than that of the magnetic fluctuations seen in the paramagnetic phase of pure Cr, but their intensity is more than two orders of magnitude smaller. We find that the dynamic susceptibility decreases by about 50% between temperature T = 10K and 300K.

  16. High-energy spin-density-wave correlated fluctuations in paramagnetic Cr + 5 at. % V

    SciTech Connect

    Werner, S.A. . Dept. of Physics); Fawcett, E. . Dept. of Physics); Elmiger, M.W.; Shirane, G. )

    1992-01-01

    Measurements of the magnetic fluctuations, termed spin-density-wave (SDW) paramagnons, in the nearly antiferromagnetic alloy Cr + 5 at.%V are extended up in energy to about 80 MeV. These fluctuating spin-spin correlations occur at incommensurate positions, corresponding to the SDW wavevector Q. Their characteristic energy is at least an order of magnitude larger than that of the magnetic fluctuations seen in the paramagnetic phase of pure Cr, but their intensity is more than two orders of magnitude smaller. We find that the dynamic susceptibility decreases by about 50% between temperature T = 10K and 300K.

  17. IceCube constraints on fast-spinning pulsars as high-energy neutrino sources

    SciTech Connect

    Fang, Ke; Kotera, Kumiko; Murase, Kohta; Olinto, Angela V. E-mail: kotera@iap.fr E-mail: olinto@kicp.uchicago.edu

    2016-04-01

    Relativistic winds of fast-spinning pulsars have been proposed as a potential site for cosmic-ray acceleration from very high energies (VHE) to ultrahigh energies (UHE). We re-examine conditions for high-energy neutrino production, considering the interaction of accelerated particles with baryons of the expanding supernova ejecta and the radiation fields in the wind nebula. We make use of the current IceCube sensitivity in diffusive high-energy neutrino background, in order to constrain the parameter space of the most extreme neutron stars as sources of VHE and UHE cosmic rays. We demonstrate that the current non-observation of 10{sup 18} eV neutrinos put stringent constraints on the pulsar scenario. For a given model, birthrates, ejecta mass and acceleration efficiency of the magnetar sources can be constrained. When we assume a proton cosmic ray composition and spherical supernovae ejecta, we find that the IceCube limits almost exclude their significant contribution to the observed UHE cosmic-ray flux. Furthermore, we consider scenarios where a fraction of cosmic rays can escape from jet-like structures piercing the ejecta, without significant interactions. Such scenarios would enable the production of UHE cosmic rays and help remove the tension between their EeV neutrino production and the observational data.

  18. IceCube constraints on fast-spinning pulsars as high-energy neutrino sources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang, Ke; Kotera, Kumiko; Murase, Kohta; Olinto, Angela V.

    2016-04-01

    Relativistic winds of fast-spinning pulsars have been proposed as a potential site for cosmic-ray acceleration from very high energies (VHE) to ultrahigh energies (UHE). We re-examine conditions for high-energy neutrino production, considering the interaction of accelerated particles with baryons of the expanding supernova ejecta and the radiation fields in the wind nebula. We make use of the current IceCube sensitivity in diffusive high-energy neutrino background, in order to constrain the parameter space of the most extreme neutron stars as sources of VHE and UHE cosmic rays. We demonstrate that the current non-observation of 1018 eV neutrinos put stringent constraints on the pulsar scenario. For a given model, birthrates, ejecta mass and acceleration efficiency of the magnetar sources can be constrained. When we assume a proton cosmic ray composition and spherical supernovae ejecta, we find that the IceCube limits almost exclude their significant contribution to the observed UHE cosmic-ray flux. Furthermore, we consider scenarios where a fraction of cosmic rays can escape from jet-like structures piercing the ejecta, without significant interactions. Such scenarios would enable the production of UHE cosmic rays and help remove the tension between their EeV neutrino production and the observational data.

  19. Spin-polarized high-energy scattering of charged leptons on nucleons

    SciTech Connect

    Burkardt, Matthias; Nowak, Wolf-Dieter; MILLER, A.

    2009-01-01

    The proton is a composite object with spin one-half, understood to contain highly relativistic spin one-half quarks exchanging spin-one gluons, each possibly with significant orbital angular momenta. While their fundamental interactions are well described by Quantum ChromoDynamics (QCD), our standard theory of the strong interaction, nonperturbative calculations of the internal structure of the proton based directly on QCD are beginning to provide reliable results. Most of our present knowledge of the structure of the proton is based on experimental measurements interpreted within the rich framework of QCD. An area presently attracting intense interest, both experimental and theoretical, is the relationship between the spin of the proton and the spins and orbital angular momenta of its constituents. While remarkable progress has been made, especially in the last decade, the discovery and investigation of new concepts have revealed that much more remains to be learned. This progress i

  20. High-Precision Calibration of Electron Beam Energy from the Hefei Light Source Using Spin Resonant Depolarization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lan, Jie-Qin; Xu, Hong-Liang

    2014-12-01

    The electron beam energy at the Hefei Light Source (HLS) in the National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory is highly precisely calibrated by using the method of spin resonant depolarization for the first time. The spin tune and the beam energy are determined by sweeping the frequency of a radial rf stripline oscillating magnetic field to artificially excite a spin resonance and depolarize the beam. The resonance signal is recognized by observing the sudden change of the Touschek loss counting rate of the beam. The possible systematic errors of the experiment are presented and the accuracy of the calibrated energy is shown to be about 10-4. A series of measurements show that the energy stability of the machine is of the order of 9 × 10-3.

  1. Spin-charge coupling and the high-energy magnetodielectric effect in hexagonal HoMnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rai, R. C.; Cao, J.; Musfeldt, J. L.; Kim, S. B.; Cheong, S.-W.; Wei, X.

    2007-05-01

    We investigate the optical and magneto-optical properties of HoMnO3 in order to elucidate the spin-charge coupling and high-energy magnetodielectric effect. We find that the Mnd to d excitations are sensitive to the cascade of low-temperature magnetic transitions involving the Mn3+ moment, direct evidence for spin-charge coupling. An applied magnetic field also modifies the on-site excitations. The high-energy magnetodielectric contrast ( ˜8% at 20T near 1.8eV ) derives from the substantial mixing in this multiferroic system.

  2. Nuclear energy surfaces at high-spin in the A{approximately}180 mass region

    SciTech Connect

    Chasman, R.R.; Egido, J.L.; Robledo, L.M.

    1995-08-01

    We are studying nuclear energy surfaces at high spin, with an emphasis on very deformed shapes using two complementary methods: (1) the Strutinsky method for making surveys of mass regions and (2) Hartree-Fock calculations using a Gogny interaction to study specific nuclei that appear to be particularly interesting from the Strutinsky method calculations. The great advantage of the Strutinsky method is that one can study the energy surfaces of many nuclides ({approximately}300) with a single set of calculations. Although the Hartree-Fock calculations are quite time-consuming relative to the Strutinsky calculations, they determine the shape at a minimum without being limited to a few deformation modes. We completed a study of {sup 182}Os using both approaches. In our cranked Strutinsky calculations, which incorporate a necking mode deformation in addition to quadrupole and hexadecapole deformations, we found three well-separated, deep, strongly deformed minima. The first is characterized by nuclear shapes with axis ratios of 1.5:1; the second by axis ratios of 2.2:1 and the third by axis ratios of 2.9:1. We also studied this nuclide with the density-dependent Gogny interaction at I = 60 using the Hartree-Fock method and found minima characterized by shapes with axis ratios of 1.5:1 and 2.2:1. A comparison of the shapes at these minima, generated in the two calculations, shows that the necking mode of deformation is extremely useful for generating nuclear shapes at large deformation that minimize the energy. The Hartree-Fock calculations are being extended to larger deformations in order to further explore the energy surface in the region of the 2.9:1 minimum.

  3. Development of spin-polarized positron source using high energy proton beam

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maekawa, M.; Fukaya, Y.; Yabuuchi, Y.; Kawasuso, A.

    2011-01-01

    To obtain a highly spin polarized positron beam, 68Ge isotope have been produced using a nuclear reaction of 69Ga(p,2n)68Ge. As target materials, we examined a metal form 69Ga stable isotope and a GaN substrate. By 20 MeV proton irradiation, the production of 68Ge source was confirmed in both targets. The production rates of 68Ge were 0.16 and 0.53 MBq/μA/h for the metal Ga and GaN target, respectively. The spin polarizations of positrons emitted from 68Ge was estimated to be approximately 50 to 70%.

  4. Pairing Correlations at High Spins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Hai-Liang; Dong, Bao-Guo; Zhang, Yan; Fan, Ping; Yuan, Da-Qing; Zhu, Shen-Yun; Zhang, Huan-Qiao; Petrache, C. M.; Ragnarsson, I.; Carlsson, B. G.

    The pairing correcting energies at high spins in 161Lu and 138Nd are studied by comparing the results of the cranked-Nilsson-Strutinsky (CNS) and cranked-Nilsson-Strutinsky-Bogoliubov (CNSB) models. It is concluded that the Coriolis effect rather than the rotational alignment effect plays a major role in the reduction of the pairing correlations in the high spin region. Then we proposed an average pairing correction method which not only better reproduces the experimental data comparing with the CNS model but also enables a clean-cut tracing of the configurations thus the full-spin-range discussion on the various rotating bands.

  5. Enhanced spin polarization in graphene with spin energy gap induced by spin-orbit coupling and strain

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Zheng-Fang; Wu, Qing-Ping E-mail: aixichen@ecjtu.jx.cn; Chen, Ai-Xi E-mail: aixichen@ecjtu.jx.cn; Xiao, Xian-Bo; Liu, Nian-Hua

    2014-05-28

    We investigate the possibility of spin polarization in graphene. The result shows that a spin energy gap can be opened in the presence of both spin-orbit coupling and strain. We find that high spin polarization with large spin-polarized current is achieved in the spin energy gap. However, only one of the two modulations is present, no spin polarization can be generated. So the combination of the two modulations provides a way to design tunable spin polarization without need for a magnetic element or an external magnetic field.

  6. Transverse double-spin asymmetries for electroweak gauge-boson production in high-energy polarized p-> + p-> collisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Surrow, Bernd; Soffer, Jacques; Bourrely, Claude

    2016-09-01

    The collision of high-energy polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory provides a powerful way to gain a deeper insight into the spin structure and dynamics of the proton such as the study of the helicity distributions of gluons and quarks / antiquarks based on well established high-energy QCD and W boson processes, respectively. Several studies have been suggested in the past to gain a better understanding of the transversity distribution, in particular the measurement of the transverse double-spin asymmetries (ATT) for Drell-Yan production. Prior NLO calculations for Drell-Yan γ / Z exchange have been used to evaluate ATT for Z production using maximal bounds for the transversity distribution. The transverse double-spin asymmetry for W production is expected to be zero. The status of ATT NLO calculations specifically for γ / Z exchange will be discussed using maximal bounds of transversity distributions within the framework by Bourrely and Soffer.

  7. Low energy nuclear spin excitations in Ho metal investigated by high resolution neutron spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Chatterji, Tapan; Jalarvo, Niina

    2013-04-17

    We have investigated the low energy excitations in metallic Ho by high resolution neutron spectroscopy. We found at T = 3 K clear inelastic peaks in the energy loss and energy gain sides, along with the central elastic peak. The energy of this low energy excitation, which is 26.59 ± 0.02 μeV at T = 3 K, decreased continuously and became zero at TN ≈ 130 K. By fitting the data in the temperature range 100-127.5 K with a power law we obtained the power-law exponent β = 0.37 ± 0.02, which agrees with the expected value β = 0.367 for a three-dimensional Heisenberg model. Thus the energy of the low energy excitations can be associated with the order parameter.

  8. The Quest for Spinning Glue in High-Energy Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions at RHIC

    SciTech Connect

    Surrow, Bernd

    2007-10-26

    The STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is carrying out a spin physics program colliding transverse or longitudinal polarized proton beams at {radical}(s) = 200-500 GeV to gain a deeper insight into the spin structure and dynamics of the proton. These studies provide fundamental tests of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD).One of the main objectives of the STAR spin physics program is the determination of the polarized gluon distribution function through a measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry, A{sub LL}, for various processes. Recent results will be shown on the measurement of A{sub LL} for inclusive jet production, neutral pion production and charged pion production at {radical}(s) = 200 GeV.

  9. The Quest for Spinning Glue in High-Energy Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions at RHIC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Surrow, Bernd

    2007-10-01

    The STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is carrying out a spin physics program colliding transverse or longitudinal polarized proton beams at √s = 200-500 GeV to gain a deeper insight into the spin structure and dynamics of the proton. These studies provide fundamental tests of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). One of the main objectives of the STAR spin physics program is the determination of the polarized gluon distribution function through a measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry, ALL, for various processes. Recent results will be shown on the measurement of ALL for inclusive jet production, neutral pion production and charged pion production at √s = 200 GeV.

  10. The quest for spinning glue in high-energy polarized proton-proton collisions at RHIC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Surrow, B.

    2008-05-01

    The STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is carrying out a spin physics program colliding transverse or longitudinal polarized proton beams at s√ = 200 - 500 GeV to gain a deeper insight into the spin structure and dynamics of the proton. These studies provide fundamental tests of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). One of the main objectives of the STAR spin physics program is the determination of the polarized gluon distribution function through a measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry, ALL, for various processes. Recent results will be shown on the measurement of ALL for inclusive jet production, neutral pion production and charged pion production at s√ = 200 GeV.

  11. High spin isomer beam line at RIKEN

    SciTech Connect

    Kishida, T.; Ideguchi, E.; Wu, H.Y.

    1996-12-31

    Nuclear high spin states have been the subject of extensive experimental and theoretical studies. For the production of high spin states, fusion reactions are usually used. The orbital angular momentum brought in the reaction is changed into the nuclear spin of the compound nucleus. However, the maximum induced angular momentum is limited in this mechanism by the maximum impact parameter of the fusion reaction and by the competition with fission reactions. It is, therefore, difficult to populate very high spin states, and as a result, large {gamma}-detector arrays have been developed in order to detect subtle signals from such very high spin states. The use of high spin isomers in the fusion reactions can break this limitation because the high spin isomers have their intrinsic angular momentum, which can bring the additional angular momentum without increasing the excitation energy. There are two methods to use the high spin isomers for secondary reactions: the use of the high spin isomers as a target and that as a beam. A high spin isomer target has already been developed and used for several experiments. But this method has an inevitable shortcoming that only {open_quotes}long-lived{close_quotes} isomers can be used for a target: {sup 178}Hf{sup m2} (16{sup +}) with a half-life of 31 years in the present case. By developing a high spin isomer beam, the authors can utilize various short-lived isomers with a short half-life around 1 {mu}s. The high spin isomer beam line of RIKEN Accelerator Facility is a unique apparatus in the world which provides a high spin isomer as a secondary beam. The combination of fusion-evaporation reaction and inverse kinematics are used to produce high spin isomer beams; in particular, the adoption of `inverse kinematics` is essential to use short-lived isomers as a beam.

  12. The structure of the high-energy spin excitations in YBa2Cu3O6+x

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayden, Stephen

    2005-03-01

    The most obvious feature in the magnetic excitations of high-Tc superconductors is the so-called `resonance-mode'. This mode is strongly coupled to the superconductivity, however, it has not been found in the La2-x(Ba,Sr)xCuO4 family and is not universally present in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ. Here we use inelastic neutron scattering to characterize other excitations at higher energies which may be relevant to the superconductive pairing in YBa2Cu3O6.6. We observe a square-shaped continuum of excitations in reciprocal space [1]. These excitations have energies greater than the superconducting pairing energy, are present at Tc, and have spectral weight far exceeding that of the `resonance'. The discovery of similar excitations in La2-xBaxCuO4 [2] suggests that they are a general property of the copper oxides, and a candidate for mediating the electron pairing. Our data show that the high-energy magnetic excitations in the high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O6.6 consists of a continuum of scattering bounded by a square and peaked at wavevector positions Qɛ =(1/2±ɛ,1/2±ɛ) and (1/2±ɛ,1/2ɛ). A similar structure is observed in the high-energy magnetic excitations of the magnetically ordered but weakly superconducting compound La1.85Ba0.125CuO4 [2]. This suggests there is universality, both in the low-energy and the high-energy spin dynamics between two very different classes of high-Tc superconductor. [1] S.M. Hayden, H.A. Mook, P.C. Dai, T.G. Perring, and F. Dogan, Nature 429, 531-534 (2004) [2] J.M. Tranquada, H. Woo, T.G. Perring, H. Goka, G.D. Gu , G. Xu, M. Fujita, K.Yamada K, Nature 429, 534-538 (2004).

  13. Inelastic Neutron Scattering Studies of High-Energy Spin Excitations in Superconducting BaFe1.9Ni0.1As2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Mengshu; Abernathy, Douglas; Zhao, Jun; Wang, Meng; Zhang, Chenglin; Wang, Miaoyin; Dai, Pengcheng

    2010-03-01

    Understanding how the spin fluctuations evolve with doping in iron pnictide superconductors is important because spin fluctuations may mediate electron pairing for superconductivity in these materials. Upon doping, the spin fluctuation persists long after the long-range antiferromagnetism is destroyed. More importantly, spin excitations are coupled to superconductivity in the appearance of a neutron magnetic resonance and a superconductivity-induced spin gap. However, all current neutron scattering results in iron based superconductors are confined to low energy excitations except for the ``11'' FeTe1-xSex system, which shows incommensurate excitations that are not found in other iron pnictide systems. Therefore, how the spin waves in parent compounds of the ``122'' (AFe2As2, A = Ca, Sr, Ba) system will evolve when the system becomes an optimal superconductor is still an open question. We use time-of-flight spectroscopy to determine S (Q,φ) at energy regions not accessed before. We compare spin fluctuations of iron arsenide superconductors with those of high-Tc copper oxides and discuss their role in the superconductivity of these materials.

  14. Spin rotation and depolarization of high-energy particles in crystals at LHC and FCC energies. The possibility to measure the anomalous magnetic moments of short-lived particles and quadrupole moment of Ω -hyperon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baryshevsky, V. G.

    2017-07-01

    The phenomena of spin rotation and depolarization of high-energy particles in crystals in the range of high energies that will be available at Hadron Collider (LHC) and Future Circular Collider (FCC) provides a unique possibility of measuring the anomalous magnetic moment of charged and neutral charm and beauty hyperons and quadrupole moment of Ω -hyperon. Crystals with polarized nuclei give opportunities for measuring spin-dependent interactions of short lived particles with nuclei and measurement of a particle polarization.

  15. Spin-Orbit Coupling and Potential Energy Functions of Ar2(+) and Kr2(+) by High-Resolution Photoelectron Spectroscopy and ab Initio Quantum Chemistry.

    PubMed

    Mastalerz, R; Zehnder, O; Reiher, M; Merkt, F

    2012-10-09

    The dependence of the spin-orbit-coupling constant of the six low-lying electronic states of Ar2(+) and Kr2(+) on the internuclear distance R has been calculated ab initio. The spin-orbit-coupling constant varies by about 10% over the range of internuclear distances relevant for the interpretation of the high-resolution photoelectron spectra of Ar2 and Kr2 and can be accurately represented by a Morse-type function for the states of ungerade electronic symmetry and by an exponentially decreasing function for the states of gerade symmetry. The spin-orbit-coupling constant is larger than the asymptotic value (at R → ∞) for the gerade states and smaller for the ungerade states. The calculated R-dependent spin-orbit-coupling constants were used to derive a new set of potential energy functions for the low-lying electronic states of Ar2(+) and Kr2(+) and to quantify the errors resulting from the widely used approach consisting of approximating the spin-orbit-coupling constant by its asymptotic value. The effects of the R dependence on the potential energy functions of the six low-lying electronic states of the homonuclear rare-gas dimer ions are found to be very small for Ar2(+) (and by inference also for Ne2(+)) but significant for Kr2(+). The shifts arising in calculations of the potential energy functions from a neglect of the R dependence of the spin-orbit-coupling constant are the result of the interplay between the differences between the binding energies of the relevant (2)Π and (2)Σ(+) states, the magnitude of the spin-orbit-coupling constant, and the magnitude and sign of the deviations between the R-dependent spin-orbit-coupling constant and its asymptotic value at large internuclear distances.

  16. High spin spectroscopy near the N=Z line: Channel selection and excitation energy systematics

    SciTech Connect

    Svensson, C.E.; Cameron, J.A.; Flibotte, S.

    1996-12-31

    The total {gamma}-ray and charged-particle energies emitted in fusion-evaporation reactions leading to N=Z compound systems in the A = 50-70 mass region have been measured with the 8{pi} {gamma}-ray spectrometer and the miniball charged-particle detector array. A new method of channel selection has been developed which combines particle identification with these total energy measurements and greatly improves upon the selectivity possible with particle detection alone. In addition, the event by event measurement of total {gamma}-ray energies using the BGO ball of the 8{pi} spectrometer has allowed a determination of excitation energies following particle evaporation for a large number of channels in several different reactions. The new channel selection procedure and excitation energy systematics are illustrated with data from the reaction of {sup 24}Mg on {sup 40}Ca at E{sub lab} = 80MeV.

  17. Spin-dependent energy bands and spin polarization in two-dimensional spin-orbit lateral superlattices.

    PubMed

    Zhang, R L; Qi, D X; Wang, D L; Li, J; Peng, R W; Huang, R S; Wang, Mu

    2013-02-01

    In this work, we theoretically investigate the spin-split energy bands of electrons and spin-polarized transport in two-dimensional (2D) spin-orbit lateral superlattices (SOLSLs), where the square rods with Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) are distributed periodically by applying gate voltages on the semiconductor. Within the Landauer framework of ballistic transport, the energy bands, the electrical conductance, the spin polarization and the spin-dependent electronic charge distributions have been calculated. It is found that the energy minibands are formed and the energy levels are split up by the Rashba SOC. As a result, the spin-polarized conductance is obtained even in the absence of external magnetic fields and magnetic materials. Meanwhile, the spin polarization can approach high values in the SOLSLs by manipulating the strength of SOC. Furthermore, the spin-dependent electronic charge distributions have been obtained, which present a clear picture of spin-polarized conductance. Our investigations have the potential applications in spin-based quantum devices and semiconductor spintronics.

  18. Simulations of Polarization Levels and Spin Tune Biases in High Energy Leptons Storage Rings

    SciTech Connect

    Gianfelice, E.

    2016-01-01

    The use of resonant depolarization has been suggested for precise beam energy measurements in the 100 km long Future Circular Collider e+e-. The principle behind resonant depolarization is that a vertically polarized beam excited through an oscillating horizontal magnetic field gets depolarized when the excitation frequency is in a given relationship with the beam energy. In this paper the possibility of self- polarized leptons at 45 GeV (Z resonance) and 80 GeV (WW in presence of quadrupole vertical misalignment is investigated.

  19. (A neutron scattering experiment to study the high-energy spin dynamics of the itinerant antiferromagnet Mn sub 90 Cu sub 10 )

    SciTech Connect

    Fernandez-Baca, J.A.

    1990-10-26

    The traveler performed a neutron scattering experiment to study the high-energy spin dynamics of the itinerant antiferromagnet. This experiment was conducted at a unique instrument located at the hot-neutron source at the ILL. The traveler also held various scientific discussions with ILL research staff members and visiting scientists.

  20. Optical diagnostics for the highly populated tail of an electron energy distribution function in very-high-frequency capacitively coupled plasma using spin- and dipole-forbidden lines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roh, Hyun-Joon; Kim, Nam-Kyun; Ryu, Sangwon; Jang, Yunchang; Kim, Gon-Ho

    2017-06-01

    A novel method is proposed to determine an electron energy distribution function (EEDF) that includes the highly populated tail originated by energetic beam-like electrons (>20 eV), which often occur in narrow gap, very-high-frequency capacitively coupled plasma (VHF-CCP). This method combines conventional Langmuir probe analysis to represent the EEDF in the low-energy regime and the line-ratio method taken from the optical emission spectrum to represent the highly populated tail of the EEDF. Here the emission lines are chosen with consideration of the excitation rates, which are a function of the shape of the cross-section of the spin- and dipole-forbidden states of an argon atom and the EEDF at corresponding energy. In this method, the analytical EEDF model is chosen for the composition of the Maxwellian for low-energy (bulk) electrons, and Schulze’s time-averaged form of the shifted Maxwellian (Schulze et al 2008 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41 042003) is chosen for the highly populated tail of the EEDF. The variables of the time-averaged form of the shifted Maxwellian, the fraction and mean energy of the beam-like electrons, are determined using an emission model of line-intensity ratios, which describes the line-intensities as a function of the EEDF. This method is advantageous for the diagnostics of a time-averaged EEDF with a highly populated tail, especially where this is due to beam-like electrons that originate from stochastic heating, compared to a two-temperature EEDF.

  1. Anomalous High-Energy Waterfall-Like Electronic Structure in 5 d Transition Metal Oxide Sr2IrO4 with a Strong Spin-Orbit Coupling.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yan; Yu, Li; Jia, Xiaowen; Zhao, Jianzhou; Weng, Hongming; Peng, Yingying; Chen, Chaoyu; Xie, Zhuojin; Mou, Daixiang; He, Junfeng; Liu, Xu; Feng, Ya; Yi, Hemian; Zhao, Lin; Liu, Guodong; He, Shaolong; Dong, Xiaoli; Zhang, Jun; Xu, Zuyan; Chen, Chuangtian; Cao, Gang; Dai, Xi; Fang, Zhong; Zhou, X J

    2015-08-12

    The low energy electronic structure of Sr2IrO4 has been well studied and understood in terms of an effective Jeff = 1/2 Mott insulator model. However, little work has been done in studying its high energy electronic behaviors. Here we report a new observation of the anomalous high energy electronic structure in Sr2IrO4. By taking high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission measurements on Sr2IrO4 over a wide energy range, we have revealed for the first time that the high energy electronic structures show unusual nearly-vertical bands that extend over a large energy range. Such anomalous high energy behaviors resemble the high energy waterfall features observed in the cuprate superconductors. While strong electron correlation plays an important role in producing high energy waterfall features in the cuprate superconductors, the revelation of the high energy anomalies in Sr2IrO4, which exhibits strong spin-orbit coupling and a moderate electron correlation, points to an unknown and novel route in generating exotic electronic excitations.

  2. Anomalous High-Energy Waterfall-Like Electronic Structure in 5 d Transition Metal Oxide Sr2IrO4 with a Strong Spin-Orbit Coupling

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Yan; Yu, Li; Jia, Xiaowen; Zhao, Jianzhou; Weng, Hongming; Peng, Yingying; Chen, Chaoyu; Xie, Zhuojin; Mou, Daixiang; He, Junfeng; Liu, Xu; Feng, Ya; Yi, Hemian; Zhao, Lin; Liu, Guodong; He, Shaolong; Dong, Xiaoli; Zhang, Jun; Xu, Zuyan; Chen, Chuangtian; Cao, Gang; Dai, Xi; Fang, Zhong; Zhou, X. J.

    2015-01-01

    The low energy electronic structure of Sr2IrO4 has been well studied and understood in terms of an effective Jeff = 1/2 Mott insulator model. However, little work has been done in studying its high energy electronic behaviors. Here we report a new observation of the anomalous high energy electronic structure in Sr2IrO4. By taking high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission measurements on Sr2IrO4 over a wide energy range, we have revealed for the first time that the high energy electronic structures show unusual nearly-vertical bands that extend over a large energy range. Such anomalous high energy behaviors resemble the high energy waterfall features observed in the cuprate superconductors. While strong electron correlation plays an important role in producing high energy waterfall features in the cuprate superconductors, the revelation of the high energy anomalies in Sr2IrO4, which exhibits strong spin-orbit coupling and a moderate electron correlation, points to an unknown and novel route in generating exotic electronic excitations. PMID:26267653

  3. Anomalous High-Energy Waterfall-Like Electronic Structure in 5 d Transition Metal Oxide Sr2IrO4 with a Strong Spin-Orbit Coupling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Yan; Yu, Li; Jia, Xiaowen; Zhao, Jianzhou; Weng, Hongming; Peng, Yingying; Chen, Chaoyu; Xie, Zhuojin; Mou, Daixiang; He, Junfeng; Liu, Xu; Feng, Ya; Yi, Hemian; Zhao, Lin; Liu, Guodong; He, Shaolong; Dong, Xiaoli; Zhang, Jun; Xu, Zuyan; Chen, Chuangtian; Cao, Gang; Dai, Xi; Fang, Zhong; Zhou, X. J.

    2015-08-01

    The low energy electronic structure of Sr2IrO4 has been well studied and understood in terms of an effective Jeff = 1/2 Mott insulator model. However, little work has been done in studying its high energy electronic behaviors. Here we report a new observation of the anomalous high energy electronic structure in Sr2IrO4. By taking high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission measurements on Sr2IrO4 over a wide energy range, we have revealed for the first time that the high energy electronic structures show unusual nearly-vertical bands that extend over a large energy range. Such anomalous high energy behaviors resemble the high energy waterfall features observed in the cuprate superconductors. While strong electron correlation plays an important role in producing high energy waterfall features in the cuprate superconductors, the revelation of the high energy anomalies in Sr2IrO4, which exhibits strong spin-orbit coupling and a moderate electron correlation, points to an unknown and novel route in generating exotic electronic excitations.

  4. Centrifugal Spinning and Its Energy Storage Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Lu

    -/micro-fiber production method to substitute electrospinning in industrial production. Recently, centrifugal spinning has gained researchers' attention. The centrifugal spinning method avoids the use of high voltage supply and can work with concentrated solutions, and most importantly, it can increase the production rate of nano-/micro-fibers to at least two orders or magnitude higher than that of electrospinning. This novel fiber fabrication approach is mostly used in tissue engineering field, and it can be potentially applied in preparing electrodes for SIBs and EDLCs. In the present work, we firstly study the influence of solution intrinsic properties and operational parameters using polyacrylonitrile as an example, and establish the processing-structure relationships for this spinning technique. We then use this novel spinning method to prepare porous carbon nanofibers (PCNFs), SnO2 microfibers and lithium-substituted sodium layered transition metal oxide fibers and use them as electrodes for EDLCs and SIBs. The as-prepared PCNFs, SnO2 microfibers and lithiumsubstituted sodium layered transition metal oxide fibers exhibit good electrochemical performance. It is therefore demonstrated that centrifugal spinning can be a promising nano- /micro-fiber preparation approach for mass production of electrode materials used in energy storage applications.

  5. High-spin states of ZXRh

    SciTech Connect

    Piel W.F. Jr.; Scharff-Goldhaber, G.; Lister, C.J.; Varley, B.J.

    1986-02-01

    High-spin states of ZXRh up to J = ((31/2)) and an excitation energy of 7.1 MeV were established by means of the WNi(UCa,3pel)ZXRh reaction. The states are found to decay through two separate el-ray cascades with the assignments for the lower-spin states being in agreement with previous work. No strong evidence has been found for the existence of collectivity induced by intruder states. The empirical excitation energies are compared to those found recently for the nearby even-A isotones ZWRu and ZYPd, and the systematics of the N = 52 nuclides are discussed.

  6. A revolutionary rotatable electron energy analyzer for advanced high-resolution spin-polarized photoemission studies. Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Waddill, G. D.; Willis, R. F.

    1999-10-01

    This report details the construction and testing of a unique analyzer for spin-polarized photoemission studies of magnetic materials. This report details the progress of this project for the period from 9/1/96 through 8/31/99. Progress can be divided into two distinct areas. These are the fabrication, construction, and initial testing of the instrumentation, and the concurrent program of preliminary investigations into materials and experiments appropriate for future studies using the instrumentation developed. The analyzer complete with special input electron optics and Mott detector has been assembled in a special design UHV chamber equipped with all the capabilities needed to perform the described programs of research. These include a sophisticated five motorized axis sample manipulator with low and high temperature capability and rapid temperature cycling (acquired in collaboration with Dr. J.G. Tobin of LLNL), vacuum leak detection and gauging, in situ thin film growth instrumentation, and sample cleaning and magnetizing capabilities, The initial testing of the analyzer has been completed with successful data acquisition using both the multichannel detector mode, and spin-dependent using the Mott detector channeltrons. The data collected using the Mott detector were not truly spin dependent (see below), but demonstrate the operation of the lens and detector design. Acquisition of truly spin-dependent data await use of the EPU. Preliminary indications suggest that the analyzer performs at or above the original design parameters. In the second area of progress, we have conducted a number of preliminary studies toward the ends of identifying appropriate initial systems for investigation, and to further explore new experiments that the new instrumentation will help to pioneer. More detailed descriptions of all of these advances are given.

  7. High spin states of [sup 84]Sr

    SciTech Connect

    Garcia Bermudez, G.; Baktash, C.; Abenante, V.; Griffin, H.C.; Halbert, M.L.; Hensley, D.C.; Johnson, N.R.; Lee, I.Y.; McGowan, F.K.; Riley, M.A.; Sarantites, D.G.; Semkow, T.M.; Stracener, D.W.; Virtanen, A. Joint Institute for Heavy-Ion Research, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 Departamento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, 1429 Buenos Aires Department of Chemistry, Washington University, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130 Department of chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104 )

    1994-06-01

    High spin states of [sup 84]Sr nucleus excited through the [sup 52]Cr([sup 36]S,2[ital p]2[ital n]) reaction at 130 MeV energy were studied utilizing the Oak Ridge Compton-Suppression Spectrometer System. The level scheme has been extended up to probably [ital I][sup [pi

  8. Highly efficient spin-conversion effect leading to energy up-converted electroluminescence in singlet fission photovoltaics

    PubMed Central

    Pandey, Ajay K.

    2015-01-01

    Free charge generation in donor-acceptor (D-A) based organic photovoltaic diodes (OPV) progresses through formation of charge-transfer (CT) and charge-separated (CS) states and excitation decay to the triplet level is considered as a terminal loss. On the other hand a direct excitation decay to the triplet state is beneficial for multiexciton harvesting in singlet fission photovoltaics (SF-PV) and the formation of CT-state is considered as a limiting factor for multiple triplet harvesting. These two extremes when present in a D-A system are expected to provide important insights into the mechanism of free charge generation and spin-character of bimolecular recombination in OPVs. Herein, we present the complete cycle of events linked to spin conversion in the model OPV system of rubrene/C60. By tracking the spectral evolution of photocurrent generation at short-circuit and close to open-circuit conditions we are able to capture spectral changes to photocurrent that reveal the triplet character of CT-state. Furthermore, we unveil an energy up-conversion effect that sets in as a consequence of triplet population build-up where triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA) process effectively regenerates the singlet excitation. This detailed balance is shown to enable a rare event of photon emission just above the open-circuit voltage (VOC) in OPVs. PMID:25585937

  9. Highly efficient spin-conversion effect leading to energy up-converted electroluminescence in singlet fission photovoltaics.

    PubMed

    Pandey, Ajay K

    2015-01-14

    Free charge generation in donor-acceptor (D-A) based organic photovoltaic diodes (OPV) progresses through formation of charge-transfer (CT) and charge-separated (CS) states and excitation decay to the triplet level is considered as a terminal loss. On the other hand a direct excitation decay to the triplet state is beneficial for multiexciton harvesting in singlet fission photovoltaics (SF-PV) and the formation of CT-state is considered as a limiting factor for multiple triplet harvesting. These two extremes when present in a D-A system are expected to provide important insights into the mechanism of free charge generation and spin-character of bimolecular recombination in OPVs. Herein, we present the complete cycle of events linked to spin conversion in the model OPV system of rubrene/C60. By tracking the spectral evolution of photocurrent generation at short-circuit and close to open-circuit conditions we are able to capture spectral changes to photocurrent that reveal the triplet character of CT-state. Furthermore, we unveil an energy up-conversion effect that sets in as a consequence of triplet population build-up where triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA) process effectively regenerates the singlet excitation. This detailed balance is shown to enable a rare event of photon emission just above the open-circuit voltage (V(OC)) in OPVs.

  10. Direct observation of low energy nuclear spin excitations in HoCrO3 by high resolution neutron spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Chatterji, T; Jalarvo, N; Kumar, C M N; Xiao, Y; Brückel, Th

    2013-07-17

    We have investigated low energy nuclear spin excitations in the strongly correlated electron compound HoCrO3. We observe clear inelastic peaks at E = 22.18 ± 0.04 μeV in both energy loss and gain sides. The energy of the inelastic peaks remains constant in the temperature range 1.5-40 K at which they are observed. The intensity of the inelastic peak increases at first with increasing temperature and then decreases at higher temperatures. The temperature dependence of the energy and intensity of the inelastic peaks is very unusual compared to that observed in other Nd, Co, V and also simple Ho compounds. Huge quasielastic scattering appears at higher temperatures presumably due to the fluctuating electronic moments of the Ho ions that get increasingly disordered at higher temperatures. The strong quasielastic scattering may also originate in the first Ho crystal-field excitations at about 1.5 meV.

  11. High-Spin Cobalt Hydrides for Catalysis

    SciTech Connect

    Holland, Patrick L.

    2013-08-29

    Organometallic chemists have traditionally used catalysts with strong-field ligands that give low-spin complexes. However, complexes with a weak ligand field have weaker bonds and lower barriers to geometric changes, suggesting that they may lead to more rapid catalytic reactions. Developing our understanding of high-spin complexes requires the use of a broader range of spectroscopic techniques, but has the promise of changing the mechanism and/or selectivity of known catalytic reactions. These changes may enable the more efficient utilization of chemical resources. A special advantage of cobalt and iron catalysts is that the metals are more abundant and cheaper than those currently used for major industrial processes that convert unsaturated organic molecules and biofeedstocks into useful chemicals. This project specifically evaluated the potential of high-spin cobalt complexes for small-molecule reactions for bond rearrangement and cleavage reactions relevant to hydrocarbon transformations. We have learned that many of these reactions proceed through crossing to different spin states: for example, high-spin complexes can flip one electron spin to access a lower-energy reaction pathway for beta-hydride elimination. This reaction enables new, selective olefin isomerization catalysis. The high-spin cobalt complexes also cleave the C-O bond of CO2 and the C-F bonds of fluoroarenes. In each case, the detailed mechanism of the reaction has been determined. Importantly, we have discovered that the cobalt catalysts described here give distinctive selectivities that are better than known catalysts. These selectivities come from a synergy between supporting ligand design and electronic control of the spin-state crossing in the reactions.

  12. Pairing correlations in high-spin isomers

    SciTech Connect

    Odahara, A.; Gono, Y.; Fukuchi, T.; Wakabayashi, Y.; Sagawa, H.; Satula, W.; Nazarewicz, W.

    2005-12-15

    High-spin isomers with J{sup {pi}}=49/2{sup +} and 27{sup +} have been systematically observed in a number of N=83 isotones with 60{<=}Z{<=}67 at excitation energies {approx}9 MeV. Based on experimental excitation energies, an odd-even binding energy staggering has been extracted for the first time for these multi-quasiparticle states. Surprisingly, the magnitude of the odd-even effect in high-spin isomers turned out to be very close to that in ground states, thus challenging conventional wisdom that pairing correlations are reduced in highly excited states. Theoretical analysis based on mean-field theory explains the observed proton number dependence of the odd-even effect as a manifestation of strong pairing correlations in the highly excited states. Mean-field effects and the proton-neutron residual interaction on the odd-even staggering are also examined.

  13. Interface energies in ising spin glasses.

    PubMed

    Aspelmeier, T; Moore, M A; Young, A P

    2003-03-28

    The replica method has been used to calculate the interface free energy associated with the change from periodic to antiperiodic boundary conditions in finite-dimensional spin glasses. At mean-field level the interface free energy vanishes, but after allowing for fluctuation effects, a nonzero interface free energy is obtained which is significantly different from numerical expectations.

  14. High spin states in {sup 139}Pm

    SciTech Connect

    Dhal, A.; Sinha, R. K.; Chaturvedi, L.; Agarwal, P.; Kumar, S.; Jain, A. K.; Kumar, R.; Govil, I. M.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Chakraborty, A.; Krishichayan; Ray, S.; Ghugre, S. S.; Sinha, A. K.; Kumar, R.; Singh, R. P.; Muralithar, S.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Pancholi, S. C.; Gupta, J. B.

    2009-07-15

    The odd mass nucleus {sup 139}Pm has been studied to high spins through the {sup 116}Cd({sup 27}Al,4n){sup 139}Pm reaction at an incident beam energy of 120 MeV. The de-exciting {gamma}-rays were detected using an array of 12 Compton suppressed Ge detectors. A total of 46 new levels have been proposed in the present work as a result of the observation of 60 new {gamma}-rays. Four new bands including a {delta}J=1 sequence have been identified and all the earlier reported bands, other than the yrast band, have been extended to higher spins and excitation energy. The spin assignments for most of the newly reported levels have been made using the observed coincidence angular anisotropy. Tilted axis cranking calculations support the interpretation of two of the observed magnetic dipole sequences as examples of magnetic rotational bands.

  15. Surface spin canting in F e3O4 and CoF e2O4 nanoparticles probed by high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Negi, D. S.; Sharona, H.; Bhat, U.; Palchoudhury, S.; Gupta, A.; Datta, R.

    2017-05-01

    High-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HR-EELS) is utilized to probe the surface spin canting in nanoparticles of two technologically important magnetic materials, i.e. F e3O4 and CoF e2O4 (CFO). A soft experimental technique has been developed that is capable of extracting EELS spectra with single atomic plane resolution recorded in a single frame. The technique yields information at different depths of the nanoparticle from the surface to the core regions with high signal-to-noise ratio and without beam damage. This enables comparing the fine structures between the surface and core regions of the nanoparticles. The results confirm earlier observations of uniformly oriented spin canting structure for CFO and provide additional information regarding atom site-selective spin canting information. In the case of F e3O4 , preferred canting orientation forming core and shell structure is deduced. Unlike earlier reports based on polarized spin-flip neutron scattering measurement, it is possible from the experimental spectra combined with the first principle-based calculations considering noncollinear magnetism to narrow down the canting angles for F e3O4 (Td,Oh tilts 40°, 40°) and CFO (Td,Oh tilts 17°, 17°). In addition, the role of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in stabilizing the spin canting at the nanoparticle surface is discussed. The results demonstrate that HR-EELS can be a powerful technique to probe the magnetic structure in nanodimensional systems and has advantages over neutron-based techniques in terms of superior spatial resolution, site-specific information, and ease of sample preparation.

  16. High-spin nuclear spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Diamond, R.M.

    1986-07-01

    High-spin spectroscopy is the study of the changes in nuclear structure, properties, and behavior with increasing angular momentum. It involves the complex interplay between collective and single-particle motion, between shape and deformation changes, particle alignments, and changes in the pairing correlations. A review of progress in theory, experimentation, and instrumentation in this field is given. (DWL)

  17. High-spin states in ^88Kr

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fotiades, N.; Lisetskiy, A. F.; Cizewski, J. A.; Krücken, R.; Clark, R. M.; Fallon, P.; Lee, I. Y.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Becker, J. A.; Younes, W.

    2007-10-01

    High-spin states in ^88Kr have been studied following the fission of the ^226Th compound nucleus formed in a fusion-evaporation reaction (^18O at 91 MeV on ^208Pb). The Gammasphere array was used to detect γ-ray coincidences. High-spin states up to spin (14^+) and ˜8 MeV excitation energy have been established. The level scheme reported for ^88Kr in the spontaneous fission of ^248Cm [1] has been enriched and extended to higher spin and excitation energies. Differences between the level scheme reported in [1] and that obtained in the present work will be discussed. The observed experimental states are also compared with theoretical shell-model and interacting-boson-model-2 calculations. This work has been supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contracts No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 (LANL), W-7405-ENG-48 (LLNL) and AC03-76SF00098 (LBNL) and by the National Science Foundation (Rutgers). [1] T. Rzaca-Urban et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 9, 165 (2000).

  18. High-spin structure in 40K

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Söderström, P.-A.; Recchia, F.; Nyberg, J.; Gadea, A.; Lenzi, S. M.; Poves, A.; Ataç, A.; Aydin, S.; Bazzacco, D.; Bednarczyk, P.; Bellato, M.; Birkenbach, B.; Bortolato, D.; Boston, A. J.; Boston, H. C.; Bruyneel, B.; Bucurescu, D.; Calore, E.; Cederwall, B.; Charles, L.; Chavas, J.; Colosimo, S.; Crespi, F. C. L.; Cullen, D. M.; de Angelis, G.; Désesquelles, P.; Dosme, N.; Duchêne, G.; Eberth, J.; Farnea, E.; Filmer, F.; Görgen, A.; Gottardo, A.; Grębosz, J.; Gulmini, M.; Hess, H.; Hughes, T. A.; Jaworski, G.; Jolie, J.; Joshi, P.; Judson, D. S.; Jungclaus, A.; Karkour, N.; Karolak, M.; Kempley, R. S.; Khaplanov, A.; Korten, W.; Ljungvall, J.; Lunardi, S.; Maj, A.; Maron, G.; Męczyński, W.; Menegazzo, R.; Mengoni, D.; Michelagnoli, C.; Molini, P.; Napoli, D. R.; Nolan, P. J.; Norman, M.; Obertelli, A.; Podolyak, Zs.; Pullia, A.; Quintana, B.; Redon, N.; Regan, P. H.; Reiter, P.; Robinson, A. P.; Şahin, E.; Simpson, J.; Salsac, M. D.; Smith, J. F.; Stézowski, O.; Theisen, Ch.; Tonev, D.; Unsworth, C.; Ur, C. A.; Valiente-Dobón, J. J.; Wiens, A.

    2012-11-01

    High-spin states of 40K have been populated in the fusion-evaporation reaction 12C(30Si,np)40K and studied by means of γ-ray spectroscopy techniques using one triple-cluster detector of the Advanced Gamma Tracking Array at the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro. Several states with excitation energy up to 8 MeV and spin up to 10- have been discovered. These states are discussed in terms of J=3 and T=0 neutron-proton hole pairs. Shell-model calculations in a large model space have shown good agreement with the experimental data for most of the energy levels. The evolution of the structure of this nucleus is here studied as a function of excitation energy and angular momentum.

  19. High-energy spin dynamics in La1.69Sr0.31NiO4.

    PubMed

    Bourges, P; Sidis, Y; Braden, M; Nakajima, K; Tranquada, J M

    2003-04-11

    To test the prediction that the dispersion of the magnetic resonance in superconducting YBa2Cu3O(6+x) is similar to magnons in an incommensurate antiferromagnet, we have mapped out the spin dynamics in a stripe-ordered nickelate, La(2-x)SrxNiO4, with x approximately equal to 0.31, using inelastic neutron scattering. We observe spin-wave excitations up to 80 meV emerging from the incommensurate magnetic peaks with a surprisingly large and almost isotropic spin velocity: variant Planck's over 2 pi c(s) approximately 0.32 eV A. A comparison indicates that the inferred spin-excitation spectrum is not, by itself, an adequate model for the magnetic resonance feature of the superconductor.

  20. High-spin structure of 134Xe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogt, A.; Birkenbach, B.; Reiter, P.; Blazhev, A.; Siciliano, M.; Valiente-Dobón, J. J.; Wheldon, C.; Bazzacco, D.; Bowry, M.; Bracco, A.; Bruyneel, B.; Chakrawarthy, R. S.; Chapman, R.; Cline, D.; Corradi, L.; Crespi, F. C. L.; Cromaz, M.; de Angelis, G.; Eberth, J.; Fallon, P.; Farnea, E.; Fioretto, E.; Freeman, S. J.; Gadea, A.; Geibel, K.; Gelletly, W.; Gengelbach, A.; Giaz, A.; Görgen, A.; Gottardo, A.; Hayes, A. B.; Hess, H.; Hua, H.; John, P. R.; Jolie, J.; Jungclaus, A.; Korten, W.; Lee, I. Y.; Leoni, S.; Liang, X.; Lunardi, S.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Menegazzo, R.; Mengoni, D.; Michelagnoli, C.; Mijatović, T.; Montagnoli, G.; Montanari, D.; Napoli, D.; Pearson, C. J.; Pellegri, L.; Podolyák, Zs.; Pollarolo, G.; Pullia, A.; Radeck, F.; Recchia, F.; Regan, P. H.; Şahin, E.; Scarlassara, F.; Sletten, G.; Smith, J. F.; Söderström, P.-A.; Stefanini, A. M.; Steinbach, T.; Stezowski, O.; Szilner, S.; Szpak, B.; Teng, R.; Ur, C.; Vandone, V.; Ward, D.; Warner, D. D.; Wiens, A.; Wu, C. Y.

    2016-05-01

    Detailed spectroscopic information on the N ˜82 nuclei is necessary to benchmark shell-model calculations in the region. The nuclear structure above long-lived isomers in 134Xe is investigated after multinucleon transfer (MNT) and actinide fission. Xenon-134 was populated as (i) a transfer product in 238U+ 136Xe and 208Pb+ 136Xe MNT reactions and (ii) as a fission product in the 238U+ 136Xe reaction employing the high-resolution Advanced Gamma Tracking Array (AGATA). Trajectory reconstruction has been applied for the complete identification of beamlike transfer products with the magnetic spectrometer PRISMA. The 198Pt 136Xe MNT reaction was studied with the γ -ray spectrometer GAMMASPHERE in combination with the gas detector array Compact Heavy Ion Counter (CHICO). Several high-spin states in 134Xe on top of the two long-lived isomers are discovered based on γ γ -coincidence relationships and information on the γ -ray angular distributions as well as excitation energies from the total kinetic energy loss and fission fragments. The revised level scheme of 134Xe is extended up to an excitation energy of 5.832 MeV with tentative spin-parity assignments up to 16+. Previous assignments of states above the 7- isomer are revised. Latest shell-model calculations employing two different effective interactions reproduce the experimental findings and support the new spin and parity assignments.

  1. The First Transverse Single Spin Measurement in High Energy Polarized Proton-Nucleus Collision at the PHENIX experiment at RHIC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakagawa, I.

    2016-08-01

    Large single spin asymmetries in very forward neutron production seen using the PHENIX zero-degree calorimeters are a long established feature of transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at RHIC. Neutron production near zero degrees is well described by the one-pion exchange framework. The absorptive correction to the OPE generates the asymmetry as a consequence of a phase shift between the spin flip and non-spin flip amplitudes. However, the amplitude predicted by the OPE is too small to explain the large observed asymmetries. A model introducing interference of pion and a 1-Reggeon exchanges has been successful in reproducing the experimental data. During the RHIC experiment in year 2015, RHIC delivered polarized proton collisions with Au and Al nuclei for the first time, enabling the exploration of the mechanism of transverse single-spin asymmetries with nuclear collisions. The observed asymmetries showed surprisingly strong A-dependence in the inclusive forward neutron production, while the existing framework which was successfull in p+p only predicts moderate A- dependence. Thus the observed data are absolutely unexpected and unpredicted. In this report, experimental and theoretical efforts are discussed to disentangle the observed A-dependence using somewhat semi-inclusive type measurements and Monte-Carlo study, respectively.

  2. High-spin structure of 104Pd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sohler, D.; Kuti, I.; Timár, J.; Joshi, P.; Molnár, J.; Paul, E. S.; Starosta, K.; Wadsworth, R.; Algora, A.; Bednarczyk, P.; Curien, D.; Dombrádi, Zs.; Duchene, G.; Fossan, D. B.; Gál, J.; Gizon, A.; Gizon, J.; Jenkins, D. G.; Juhász, K.; Kalinka, G.; Koike, T.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Nyakó, B. M.; Raddon, P. M.; Rainovski, G.; Scheurer, J. N.; Simons, A. J.; Vaman, C.; Wilkinson, A. R.; Zolnai, L.

    2012-04-01

    The high-spin structure of the nucleus 104Pd was studied through the 96Zr(13C,5n) reaction at incident energies of 51 and 58 MeV, using the Euroball IV γ-ray spectrometer in conjunction with the DIAMANT charged-particle array. Several new medium- and high-spin bands were revealed. The already known positive-parity yrast and the negative-parity cascades were extended up to Ex˜13, ˜11, and ˜9 MeV with Iπ=(26+), Iπ=(23-), and (20-), respectively. The deduced band structures were compared with Woods-Saxon total Routhian surface (TRS) calculations. In addition, non-yrast low-lying positive-parity bands were identified, which were assigned to soft γ-vibrational excitations.

  3. High resolution spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy for 3D spin vectorial analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okuda, Taichi; Miyamoto, Koji; Kimura, Akio; Namatame, Hirofumi; Taniguchi, Masaki

    2013-03-01

    Spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (SARPES) is the excellent tool which can directly observe the band structure of crystals with separating spin-up and -down states. Recent findings of new class of materials possessing strong spin orbit interaction such as Rashba spin splitting systems or topological insulators stimulate to develop new SARPES apparatuses and many sophisticated techniques have been reported recently. Here we report our newly developed a SARPES apparatus for spin vectorial analysis with high precision at Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center. Highly efficient spin polarimeter utilizing very low energy electron diffraction (VLEED) makes high resolution (ΔE < 10 meV, Δθ ~ +/- 0.2 °) compatible with the SARPES measurement. By placing two VLEED spin detectors orthogonally we have realized the polarization measurement of all spin components (x, y and z) with the high resolution. Some examples of the three-dimensional spin observation will be presented. This work is supported by KAKENHI (23244066), Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

  4. Spin polarized low-energy positron source

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petrov, V. N.; Samarin, S. N.; Sudarshan, K.; Pravica, L.; Guagliardo, P.; Williams, J. F.

    2015-06-01

    This paper presents an investigation of spin polarization of positrons from a source based on the decay of 22Na isotopes. Positrons are moderated by transmission through a tungsten film and electrostatically focussed and transported through a 90 deg deflector to produce a slow positron beam with polarization vector normal to the linear momentum. The polarization of the beam was determined to be about 10% by comparison with polarized electron scattering asymmetries from a thin Fe film on W(110) at 10-10 Torr. Low energy electron emission from Fe layer on W(100) surfaces under positron impact is explored. It is shown that the intensity asymmetry of the electron emission as a function of the incident positron energy can be used to estimate the polarization of the positron beam. Also several materials with long mean free paths for spin relaxation are considered as possible moderators with increased polarization of the emergent positrons.

  5. High spin spectroscopy of 201Tl

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Das Gupta, S.; Bhattacharyya, S.; Pai, H.; Mukherjee, G.; Bhattacharya, Soumik; Palit, R.; Shrivastava, A.; Chatterjee, A.; Chanda, S.; Nanal, V.; Pandit, S. K.; Saha, S.; Sethi, J.; Thakur, S.

    2013-10-01

    The high spin structure of 201Tl has been studied by γ-ray spectroscopic method using the 198Pt(7Li,4n)201Tl reaction at 45 MeV beam energy. The level scheme of 201Tl has been considerably extended through the observation of 31 new transitions. Several new band structures have been established. The 9/2- oblate band has been significantly extended beyond the particle alignment frequencies. The band structures and the other excited states have been compared with the neighboring odd-A Tl isotopes and with the even-even core nucleus 200Hg. The total Routhian surface calculations have been performed to study the deformation and shape changes as a function of spin in this nucleus.

  6. Spin effects in pion-nucleon and nucleon-nucleon scattering at high energies and fixed angles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chavleishvili, M. P.

    1989-05-01

    Based on the study of the general structure of helicity amplitudes, obligatory kinematic factors are separated and the so-called dynamic amplitudes are introduced. These factors make conservation laws fulfill and contain all the kinematic singularities of helicity amplitudes. Via the dynamic amplitudes, the observable quantities are expressed in a simple form. Kinematic factors play the role of weighting functions. At high energies and fixed angles these factors turn into small parameters which suppress contributions of some helicity amplitudes, and enhance contributions of others. So we get the kinematic hierarchy for binary processes. As an example we consider πN- and NN-scattering. Predictions are given for some asymmetry parameters which do not coincide with the helicity conservation rules, predicted by QCD.

  7. High Spin-Chern Insulators with Magnetic Order

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ezawa, Motohiko

    2013-12-01

    As a topological insulator, the quantum Hall (QH) effect is indexed by the Chern and spin-Chern numbers and . We have only in conventional QH systems. We investigate QH effects in generic monolayer honeycomb systems. We search for spin-resolved characteristic patterns by exploring Hofstadter's butterfly diagrams in the lattice theory and fan diagrams in the low-energy Dirac theory. It is shown that the spin-Chern number can takes an arbitrary high value for certain QH systems. This is a new type of topological insulators, which we may call high spin-Chern insulators. Samples may be provided by graphene on the SiC substrate with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal dichalcogenides with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal oxide with antiferromagnetic order and silicene with ferromagnetic order. Actually high spin-Chern insulators are ubiquitous in any systems with magnetic order. Nevertheless, the honeycomb system would provide us with unique materials for practical materialization.

  8. High Spin-Chern Insulators with Magnetic Order

    PubMed Central

    Ezawa, Motohiko

    2013-01-01

    As a topological insulator, the quantum Hall (QH) effect is indexed by the Chern and spin-Chern numbers and . We have only in conventional QH systems. We investigate QH effects in generic monolayer honeycomb systems. We search for spin-resolved characteristic patterns by exploring Hofstadter's butterfly diagrams in the lattice theory and fan diagrams in the low-energy Dirac theory. It is shown that the spin-Chern number can takes an arbitrary high value for certain QH systems. This is a new type of topological insulators, which we may call high spin-Chern insulators. Samples may be provided by graphene on the SiC substrate with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal dichalcogenides with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal oxide with antiferromagnetic order and silicene with ferromagnetic order. Actually high spin-Chern insulators are ubiquitous in any systems with magnetic order. Nevertheless, the honeycomb system would provide us with unique materials for practical materialization. PMID:24310394

  9. Intermediate energy spin physics. Appendix 6

    SciTech Connect

    Igo, G.

    1983-01-01

    Topics include nuclear information from proton spin observables in elastic scattering, nuclear information from proton spin observables in inelastic scattering, recent measurements at the HRS utilizing a focal plane polarimeter, proton spin observables in natural parity transitions, and proton spin transfer observables in unnatural parity transitions. 47 references.

  10. High spins in gamma-soft nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Leander, G.A.; Frauendorf, S.; May, F.R.

    1982-01-01

    Nuclei which are soft with respect to the ..gamma.. shape degree of freedom are expected to have many different structures coexisting in the near-yrast regime. In particular, the lowest rotational quasi-particle in a high-j shell exerts a strong polarizing effect on ..gamma... The ..gamma.. to which it drives is found to vary smoothly over a 180/sup 0/ range as the position of the Fermi level varies. This simple rule is seen to have a direct connection with the energy staggering of alternate spin states in rotational bands. A diagram is presented which provides a general theoretical reference for experimental tests of the relation between ..gamma.., spin staggering, configuration, and nucleon number. In a quasicontinuum spectrum, the coexistence of different structures are expected to make several unrelated features appear within any one slice of sum energy and multiplicity. However, it is also seen that the in-band moment of inertia may be similar for many bands of different ..gamma...

  11. Lifetimes of high-spin states in 74Kr

    SciTech Connect

    Valiente-Dobon, J. J.; Svensson, C. E.; Grinyer, G. F.; Hyland, B.; Phillips, A. A.; Schumaker, M. A.; Steinhardt, T.; Eberth, J.; Stefanescu, I.; Thelen, O.; Afanasjev, A. V.; Ragnarsson, I.; Andreoiu, C.; Austin, R. A. E.; Carpenter, M. P.; Freeman, S. J.; Moore, F.; Mukherjee, G.; Seweryniak, D.; Dashdorj, D.

    2006-04-26

    High-spin states in {sub 36}{sup 74}Kr{sub 38} were studied using the 40Ca(40Ca,{alpha}2p)74Kr fusion evaporation reaction at a beam energy of 165 MeV with GAMMASPHERE and MICROBALL and at a beam energy of 185 MeV with EUROBALL and ISIS multi-detector arrays. Lifetimes of the high-spin states for the ground-state band and the favoured negative-parity band have been determined using the Doppler-shift attenuation method. The deduced transition quadrupole moments show a marginal decrease as a function of spin, suggesting that the rotational bands do not terminate at the maximum spin Imax.

  12. Spin transport in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions as a probe of in-medium spin-orbit interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Yin; Xu, Jun; Li, Bao-An; Shen, Wen-Qing

    2016-11-01

    The spin up-down splitting of collective flows in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions as a result of the nuclear spin-orbit interaction is investigated within a spin- and isospin-dependent Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport model SIBUU12. Using a Skyrme-type spin-orbit coupling quadratic in momentum, we found that the spin splittings of the directed flow and elliptic flow are largest in peripheral Au+Au collisions at beam energies of about 100-200 MeV/nucleon, and the effect is considerable even in smaller systems especially for nucleons with high transverse momenta. The collective flows of light clusters of different spin states are also investigated using an improved dynamical coalescence model with spin. Our study can be important in understanding the properties of in-medium nuclear spin-orbit interactions once the spin-dependent observables proposed in this work can be measured.

  13. High-spin states in the 96Tc nucleus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bucurescu, D.; Căta-Danil, Gh.; Căta-Danil, I.; Ivaşcu, M.; Mărginean, N.; Rusu, C.; Stroe, L.; Ur, C. A.; Gizon, A.; Gizon, J.; Nyakó, B.; Timár, J.; Zolnai, L.; Boston, A. J.; Joss, D. T.; Paul, E. S.; Semple, A. T.; Parry, C. M.

    High-spin states in the 96Tc nucleus have been studied with the reactions 82Se(19F,5nγ) at 68 MeV and Zn(36S,αpxn) at 130 MeV. Two γ-ray cascades (irregular bandlike structures) have been observed up to an excitation energy of about 10 MeV and spin 21-22?.

  14. High-spin states in the 97Tc nucleus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bucurescu, D.; Gadea, A.; Căta-Danil, Ghe.; Căta-Danil, I.; Ivaşcu, M.; Mărginean, N.; Rusu, C.; Stroe, L.; Ur, C. A.

    High-spin states in the 97Tc nucleus have been studied by in-beam γ-ray spectroscopy with the reaction 82Se(19F,4nγ) at 68 MeV incident energy. Excited states have been observed up to about 8 MeV excitation and spin 43/2ℎ. The observed level scheme is compared with results of shell model calculations.

  15. Electronic Quasiparticle Renormalization on the Spin Wave Energy Scale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schäfer, J.; Schrupp, D.; Rotenberg, Eli; Rossnagel, K.; Koh, H.; Blaha, P.; Claessen, R.

    2004-03-01

    High-resolution photoemission data of the (110) iron surface reveal the existence of well-defined metallic surface resonances in good correspondence to band calculations. Close to the Fermi level, their dispersion and momentum broadening display anomalies characteristic of quasiparticle renormalization due to coupling to bosonic excitations. Its energy scale exceeds that of phonons by far, and is in striking coincidence with that of the spin wave spectrum in iron. The self-energy behavior thus gives spectroscopic evidence of a quasiparticle mass enhancement due to electron-magnon coupling.

  16. Nuclear spin isospin responses for low-energy neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ejiri, H.

    2000-11-01

    Nuclear spin isospin responses for low-energy neutrinos of current astroparticle physics interests are briefly reviewed. Neutrinos are key particles for new particle physics beyond the standard electro-weak theory, and sensitive probes for studying stellar evolution and astronuclear processes. Low-energy neutrinos with energies of Eν~=0.1-50MeV have been studied extensively by using nuclei as micro-laboratories. Nuclear weak processes involved are vector and axial-vector weak interactions. Accordingly, nuclear isospin and spin isospin responses for neutrinos are crucial for studying neutrinos through nuclear weak processes. Nuclei show spin isospin responses characteristic of nuclear spin isospin structures. Nuclear spin isospin responses are investigated by relevant electromagnetic and hadronic processes. Subjects discussed include nuclear spin isospin responses for neutrinos and spin isospin giant resonances, hadronic charge-exchange spin-flip and non spin-flip reactions used for studying nuclear spin isospin responses, nuclear responses for neutrinos associated with double beta decays, nuclear spin isospin responses for solar neutrinos, and nuclear responses for supernova and accelerator-based neutrinos.

  17. High field electron spin resonance experiments on spin - Peierls compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palme, W.; Schmidt, S.; Lüthi, B.; Boucher, J. P.; Weiden, M.; Hauptmann, R.; Geibel, C.; Revcolevschi, A.; Dhalenne, G.

    1998-05-01

    The spin-Peierls (SP) transition is still one of the most challenging effects in quasi-one-dimensional magnetism. A few years ago the first inorganic spin-Peierls compound CuGeO 3 with TSP=14.3 K was discovered, and recently α‧-NaV 2O 5 was found to be another inorganic SP system with the highest transition temperature so far observed: TSP=35 K. Electron spin resonance (ESR) is the only direct way to probe electron spin dynamics in magnetic fields higher than 12 T, where a transition to an incommensurate magnetic phase can occur. We present ESR results on single crystals of pure and Si-doped CuGeO 3 and pure α‧-NaV 2O 5. Our experiments were done in a wide frequency range 35-440 GHz in magnetic fields up to 16 T, covering a large temperature range 1.5-100 K. The temperature dependence of the ESR absorption in the D-phase in α‧-NaV 2O 5 points to transitions among triplet states, which are separated from the singlet ground state by an energy gap Δ≈85 K for T →0 . In contrast to χ( T) the ESR absorption does not stay finite for T →0 . In the incommensurate phase of slightly Si-doped CuGeO 3 (0.2% Si) ESR signals were observed, but their behaviour is much different from the ones in the pure compound.

  18. Magnetic circular dichroism of symmetry and spin forbidden transitions of high-spin metal ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oganesyan, Vasily S.; Thomson, Andrew J.

    2000-09-01

    Recently we have developed a general method of analyzing magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) spectra and magnetization curves of high-spin metal ions for spin-allowed transitions [Oganesyan et al., J. Chem. Phys. 110, 762 (1999)]. In the present article this approach is extended to cover the cases of spin- and symmetry-forbidden transitions. At high ligand fields many low-energy ligand field transitions become spin-forbidden. Extraction of information content about the electronic structure of the ground state can be obtained through the analysis and correlation of the positions, signs, and intensities of the MCD bands and magnetization curves of these transitions. The casting of the theory in terms of the irreducible tensor method allows full advantage to be taken of any symmetry elements and simplifies multielectron calculations. The theory is valid over the entire range of magnetic field strength and, therefore, allows the information content of spectra over the full field and temperature range to be exploited. The method is applied to the analysis of the recorded MCD spectra and magnetization curves of the lowest energy spin-forbidden ligand field transitions of pseudo-tetrahedral high-spin Fe(III), S=5/2, in the protein rubredoxin from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum (strain Marburg). The predicted signs, intensities, and magnetization curves for these transitions are in excellent agreement with experimental data. We also show that when the anisotropy of the ground state is larger than the Zeeman splitting the MCD of both spin-forbidden and allowed transitions can become comparable in magnitude. Hence caution is needed in order to avoid the misinterpretation of experimental results.

  19. High-spin states in 127I

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ding, B.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhou, X. H.; Dong, G. X.; Xu, F. R.; Liu, M. L.; Li, G. S.; Zhang, N. T.; Wang, H. X.; Zhou, H. B.; Ma, Y. J.; Sasakiz, Y.; Yamada, K.; Ohshima, H.; Yokose, S.; Ishizuka, M.; Komatsubara, T.; Furuno, K.

    2012-04-01

    In-beam γ spectroscopy of the stable nucleus 127I has been studied experimentally using the 124Sn(7Li, 4nγ)127I reaction at a beam energy of 32 MeV. The high-spin level scheme of 127I is extended significantly. Negative-parity levels built on the 11/2-, πh11/2 particle state are observed up to (35/2-) and described as a decoupled band, extending our knowledge of decoupled structures to the most neutron-rich stable iodine isotope. Two ΔI=2 yrast positive-parity sequences are proposed to be associated with the πg7/2 configuration due to observations of several strong interband transitions, and two weakly populated ΔI=2 positive-parity bands are newly identified and interpreted as arising mainly from the πd5/2 configuration. Three-quasiparticle configurations are assigned to the Iπ=15/2+ and 23/2+ states according to the existing knowledge in neighboring nuclei; irregular noncollective and regular collective excitations built on these two (15/2+ and 23/2+) states are observed to coexist at similar energies. The observed three-quasiparticle band structures are further interpreted with the aid of configuration-constrained potential energy surface calculations.

  20. Pressure and temperature induced high spin-low spin phase transition: Macroscopic and microscopic consideration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levchenko, G.; Khristov, A.; Kuznetsova, V.; Shelest, V.

    2014-08-01

    The behavior under pressure of the high spin-low spin phase transition in the coordination compounds containing 3d ions is analyzed using thermodynamic and microscopic approaches. For thermodynamic approach the mean field model with interactions between spin-crossover molecules is considered. Microscopic model takes into account the interaction of d electrons of the transition metal ions with full symmetric distortions of the ligands. The relationship of the thermodynamic interaction parameters with microscopic ones is installed and shown how the quantum-mechanical interactions form the cooperativity of the system. Within the microscopic model the temperature and pressure dependences of the high spin fraction in 2-D compounds {Fe(3-Fpy)2[M(CN)4]} (M=Pd, Pt) are simulated and microscopic parameters are evaluated. It is concluded that different experimental behaviors of the temperature and pressure induced spin transitions are determined by different variations of the inelastic and elastic energies under pressure, and vibrational component of the free energy drives the ST equally with electronic part.

  1. High Energy Spin Excitations in Electron-Doped Superconducting Pr0.88LaCe0.12CuO4-δ with Tc=21 K

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, Stephen D.; Li, Shiliang; Woo, H.; Dai, Pengcheng; Mook Jr, Herbert A; Frost, C.; Komiya, S.; Ando, Y.

    2006-01-01

    We use high-resolution inelastic neutron scattering to study the low-temperature magnetic excitations of the electron-doping superconductor Pr{sub 0.88}LaCe{sub 0.12}CuO{sub 4-{delta}} (T{sub c} = 21 {+-} 1 K) over a wide energy range (4 meV {le} {le} {omega} {le} 330 meV). The effect of electron doping is to cause a wave vector (Q) broadening in the low-energy ({omega} {le} 80 meV) commensurate spin fluctuations at (0.5, 0.5) and to suppress the intensity of spin-wave-like excitations at high energies ({omega} {ge} 100 meV). This leads to a substantial redistribution in the spectrum of the local dynamical spin susceptibility {chi}{sup -}({omega}), and reveals a new energy scale similar to that of the lightly hole-doped YB{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.353} (T{sub c} = 18 K).

  2. Properties of the low-spin high-spin interface during the relaxation of spin-crossover materials, investigated through an electro-elastic model

    SciTech Connect

    Slimani, A.; Boukheddaden, K. Varret, F.; Nishino, M.; Miyashita, S.

    2013-11-21

    The present work is devoted to the spatio-temporal investigations of spin-crossover lattices during their thermal relaxation from high- to low-spin state. The analysis is performed using Monte Carlo simulations on a distortable 2D lattice the sites of which are occupied by high-spin (HS) or low-spin (LS) atoms. The lattice is circular in shape and the HS to LS transformation results in single domain nucleation followed by growth and propagation processes. The evolution of the LS:HS interface is monitored during the relaxation process, through the mapping of spin states, displacement fields, local stresses, and elastic energy. The results show a curved interface, the curvature of which is reversed at the mid-transformation. The local stresses and elastic energy peak at the vicinity of the HS:LS interface, with sizeable dependence upon the position along the front line which evidences the edge effects.

  3. Observation of a single spin by transferring its coherence to a high level macroscopic pure state

    SciTech Connect

    Kawamura, Minaru

    2014-12-04

    We discuss about quantum measurement of a single spin in a superconducting RF resonator, where amplification of coherence of the spin is enabled by transferring its coherence to the harmonic oscillator in an non-coherent state with high energy level. This quantum amplification allows that a single spin can induce macroscopic current to permits observation of a single spin state in the number and phase uncertainty relation.

  4. Systematics of high spin to low spin crossovers across the RCoO3 family

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Topsakal, M.; Shukla, G.; Wentzcovitch, R. M.

    2016-12-01

    Using density functional theory plus self-consistent Hubbard U (DFT+Usc ) calculations, we have investigated the spin crossover phenomenon observed in rare-earth cobaltites RCoO3 (R = Pr - Lu). Previous DFT studies of this series focused on structural and electronic structure variations across the RCoO3 series in which all Co3+ ions are kept in low-spin (LS) state (S=0). Here we manage to stabilize Co3+ ions in the high-spin (HS) state and perform thermodynamics calculations to predict their HS to LS phase diagrams. We show that the early stage of thermally induced spin crossover in RCoO 3 can be successfully described by introducing a carefully and legitimately chosen Hubbard U for the HS Co3+. The spin excitation energy (ΔE), as the energy difference of HS and LS states, is calculated across the series. Our calculations show that ΔE increases from PrCoO3 to LuCoO3 in agreement with the increase of spin-state transition temperature observed in experiments. We also observed that the Co3+ octahedral volume (or Co-O bond lengths) significantly increases upon excitation into the HS state and we also relate this volume change to ΔE. The octahedral volume expansion (ΔV) increases from PrCoO3 to LuCoO3 : the larger the volume expansion to accommodate HS, the larger the energy required to excite from LS to HS. Furthermore, the Hubbard U parameters presented in this work allow more accurate predictive DFT+U studies on RCoO3 perovskites, especially their magnetic properties.

  5. Spin resolved bandstructure imaging with a high resolution momentum microscope.

    PubMed

    Tusche, Christian; Krasyuk, Alexander; Kirschner, Jürgen

    2015-12-01

    We present a spin resolving "momentum microscope" for the high resolution imaging of the momentum distribution of photoelectrons. Measurements of the band structure of a Au(111) single crystal surface demonstrate an energy resolution of ΔE=12 meV and a momentum resolution of Δk∥=0.0049 Å(-1), measured at the line-width of the spin-orbit split Shockley surface state. The relative accuracy of the k∥ measurement in the order of 10(-4) Å(-1) reveals a deviation from the ideal two-dimensional free electron gas model of the Shockley surface state, manifested in a threefold radial symmetry. Spin resolution in the full momentum image is obtained by an imaging spin-filter based on low-energy electron diffraction at a Au passivated Ir(100) single crystal. Using working points at 10.5 eV and 11.5 eV scattering energy with a completely reversed asymmetry of ±60% we demonstrate the efficient mapping of the spin texture of the Au(111) surface state.

  6. Triaxiality and Exotic Rotations at High Spins in 134Ce

    DOE PAGES

    Petrache, C. M.; Guo, S.; Ayangeakaa, A. D.; ...

    2016-06-06

    High-spin states in Ce-134 have been investigated using the Cd-116(Ne-22,4n) reaction and the Gammasphere array. The level scheme has been extended to an excitation energy of similar to 30 MeV and spin similar to 54 (h) over bar. Two new dipole bands and four new sequences of quadrupole transitions were identified. Several new transitions have been added to a number of known bands. One of the strongly populated dipole bands was revised and placed differently in the level scheme, resolving a discrepancy between experiment and model calculations reported previously. Configurations are assigned to the observed bands based on cranked Nilsson-Strutinskymore » calculations. A coherent understanding of the various excitations, both at low and high spins, is thus obtained, supporting an interpretation in terms of coexistence of stable triaxial, highly deformed, and superdeformed shapes up to very high spins. Rotations around different axes of the triaxial nucleus, and sudden changes of the rotation axis in specific configurations, are identified, further elucidating the nature of high-spin collective excitations in the A = 130 mass region.« less

  7. Energy efficient hybrid computing systems using spin devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharad, Mrigank

    Emerging spin-devices like magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ's), spin-valves and domain wall magnets (DWM) have opened new avenues for spin-based logic design. This work explored potential computing applications which can exploit such devices for higher energy-efficiency and performance. The proposed applications involve hybrid design schemes, where charge-based devices supplement the spin-devices, to gain large benefits at the system level. As an example, lateral spin valves (LSV) involve switching of nanomagnets using spin-polarized current injection through a metallic channel such as Cu. Such spin-torque based devices possess several interesting properties that can be exploited for ultra-low power computation. Analog characteristic of spin current facilitate non-Boolean computation like majority evaluation that can be used to model a neuron. The magneto-metallic neurons can operate at ultra-low terminal voltage of ˜20mV, thereby resulting in small computation power. Moreover, since nano-magnets inherently act as memory elements, these devices can facilitate integration of logic and memory in interesting ways. The spin based neurons can be integrated with CMOS and other emerging devices leading to different classes of neuromorphic/non-Von-Neumann architectures. The spin-based designs involve `mixed-mode' processing and hence can provide very compact and ultra-low energy solutions for complex computation blocks, both digital as well as analog. Such low-power, hybrid designs can be suitable for various data processing applications like cognitive computing, associative memory, and currentmode on-chip global interconnects. Simulation results for these applications based on device-circuit co-simulation framework predict more than ˜100x improvement in computation energy as compared to state of the art CMOS design, for optimal spin-device parameters.

  8. Toroidal high-spin isomers in the nucleus 304120

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Staszczak, A.; Wong, Cheuk-Yin; Kosior, A.

    2017-05-01

    Background: Strongly deformed oblate superheavy nuclei form an intriguing region where the toroidal nuclear structures may bifurcate from the oblate spheroidal shape. The bifurcation may be facilitated when the nucleus is endowed with a large angular moment about the symmetry axis with I =Iz . The toroidal high-K isomeric states at their local energy minima can be theoretically predicted using the cranked self-consistent Skyrme-Hartree-Fock method. Purpose: We use the cranked Skyrme-Hartree-Fock method to predict the properties of the toroidal high-spin isomers in the superheavy nucleus 120304184. Method: Our method consists of three steps: First, we use the deformation-constrained Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach to search for the nuclear density distributions with toroidal shapes. Next, using these toroidal distributions as starting configurations, we apply an additional cranking constraint of a large angular momentum I =Iz about the symmetry z axis and search for the energy minima of the system as a function of the deformation. In the last step, if a local energy minimum with I =Iz is found, we perform at this point the cranked symmetry- and deformation-unconstrained Skyrme-Hartree-Fock calculations to locate a stable toroidal high-spin isomeric state in free convergence. Results: We have theoretically located two toroidal high-spin isomeric states of 120304184 with an angular momentum I =Iz=81 ℏ (proton 2p-2h, neutron 4p-4h excitation) and I =Iz=208 ℏ (proton 5p-5h, neutron 8p-8h) at the quadrupole moment deformations Q20=-297.7 b and Q20=-300.8 b with energies 79.2 and 101.6 MeV above the spherical ground state, respectively. The nuclear density distributions of the toroidal high-spin isomers 120304184(Iz=81 ℏ and 208 ℏ ) have the maximum density close to the nuclear matter density, 0.16 fm-3, and a torus major to minor radius aspect ratio R /d =3.25 . Conclusions: We demonstrate that aligned angular momenta of Iz=81 ℏ and 208 ℏ arising from

  9. Gross shell structure at high spin in heavy nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Deleplanque, Marie-Agnes; Frauendorf, Stefan; Pashkevich, Vitaly V.; Chu, S.Y.; Unzhakova, Anja

    2003-10-07

    Experimental nuclear moments of inertia at high spins along the yrast line have been determined systematically and found to differ from the rigid-body values. The difference is attributed to shell effect and these have been calculated microscopically. The data and quantal calculations are interpreted by means of the semiclassical Periodic Orbit Theory. From this new perspective, features in the moments of inertia as a function of neutron number and spin, as well as their relation to the shell energies can be understood. Gross shell effects persist up to the highest angular momenta observed.

  10. Spin-bag mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schrieffer, J. R.; Wen, X.-G.; Zhang, S.-C.

    1988-01-01

    A new approach to the theory of high-temperature superconductivity is proposed, based on the two-dimensional antiferromagnetic spin correlations observed in these materials over distances large compared to the lattice spacing. The spin ordering produces an electronic pseudogap which is locally suppressed by the addition of a hole. This suppression forms a bag inside which the hole is self-consistently trapped. Two holes are attracted by sharing a common bag. The resulting pairing interaction leads to a superconducting energy gap which is nodeless over the Femri surface.

  11. Lifetimes of High-Spin States in 76Kr

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valiente-Dobon, J. J.; Svensson, C. E.; O'Leary, C. D.; Ragnarsson, I.; Andreoiu, C.; Austin, R. A. E.; Carpenter, M. P.; Dashdorj, D.; Finlay, P.; Freeman, S. J.; Garrett, P. E.; Goergen, A.; Greene, J.; Grinyer, G. F.; Hyland, B.; Jenkins, D.; Johnston-Theasby, F.; Joshi, P.; Kelsall, N. S.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Moore, F.; Mukherjee, G.; Phillips, A. A.; Reviol, W.; Sarantites, D.; Schumaker, M. A.; Seweryniak, D.; Smith, M. B.; Wadsworth, R.; Ward, D.

    2005-04-01

    High-spin states in 7636Kr40 have been populated in the 40Ca(40Ca,4p)76Kr fusion-evaporation reaction at a beam energy of 165 MeV, and studied using the GAMMASPHERE and MICROBALL multi-detector arrays. The ground-state band and two signature-split negative-parity bands of 76Kr have been extended to ˜ 30hbar. Lifetime measurements using the Doppler-shift attenuation method indicate that the transition quadrupole moment of these three bands decrease as they approach their maximum-spin states.

  12. High-spin rotational structures in {sup 76}Kr

    SciTech Connect

    Valiente-Dobon, J.J.; Svensson, C.E.; Finlay, P.; Grinyer, G.F.; Hyland, B.; Phillips, A.A.; Schumaker, M.A.; O'Leary, C.D.; Jenkins, D.; Johnston-Theasby, F.; Joshi, P.; Kelsall, N.S.; Wadsworth, R.; Ragnarsson, I.; Andreoiu, C.; Appelbe, D.E.; Austin, R.A.E.; Cameron, J.A.; Waddington, J.C.; Ball, G.C.

    2005-03-01

    High-spin states in {sup 36}{sub 76}Kr{sub 40} have been populated in the {sup 40}Ca({sup 40}Ca,4p){sup 76}Kr fusion-evaporation reaction at a beam energy of 165 MeV and studied using the Gammasphere and Microball multidetector arrays. The ground-state band and two signature-split negative parity bands of {sup 76}Kr have been extended to {approx}30({Dirac_h}/2{pi}). Lifetime measurements using the Doppler-shift attenuation method show that the transition quadrupole moment of these three bands decrease as they approach their maximum-spin states. Two signatures of a new rotational structure with remarkably rigid rotational behavior have been identified. The high-spin properties of these rotational bands are analyzed within the framework of configuration-dependent cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations.

  13. High-spin rotational structures in 76Kr

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valiente-Dobón, J. J.; Svensson, C. E.; O'Leary, C. D.; Ragnarsson, I.; Andreoiu, C.; Appelbe, D. E.; Austin, R. A.; Ball, G. C.; Cameron, J. A.; Carpenter, M. P.; Clark, R. M.; Cromaz, M.; Dashdorj, D.; Fallon, P.; Finlay, P.; Freeman, S. J.; Garrett, P. E.; Görgen, A.; Grinyer, G. F.; Hodgson, D. F.; Hyland, B.; Jenkins, D.; Johnston-Theasby, F.; Joshi, P.; Kelsall, N. S.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Moore, F.; Mukherjee, G.; Phillips, A. A.; Reviol, W.; Sarantites, D.; Schumaker, M. A.; Seweryniak, D.; Smith, M. B.; Waddington, J. C.; Wadsworth, R.; Ward, D.; Williams, S. J.

    2005-03-01

    High-spin states in Kr40 have been populated in the 40Ca(40Ca,4p)76Kr fusion-evaporation reaction at a beam energy of 165 MeV and studied using the Gammasphere and Microball multidetector arrays. The ground-state band and two signature-split negative parity bands of 76Kr have been extended to ~30ℏ. Lifetime measurements using the Doppler-shift attenuation method show that the transition quadrupole moment of these three bands decrease as they approach their maximum-spin states. Two signatures of a new rotational structure with remarkably rigid rotational behavior have been identified. The high-spin properties of these rotational bands are analyzed within the framework of configuration-dependent cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations.

  14. Optically tunable spin-exchange energy at donor:acceptor interfaces in organic solar cells

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Mingxing; Wang, Hongfeng; He, Lei; Zang, Huidong; Xu, Hengxing; Hu, Bin

    2014-07-14

    Spin-exchange energy is a critical parameter in controlling spin-dependent optic, electronic, and magnetic properties in organic materials. This article reports optically tunable spin-exchange energy by studying the line-shape characteristics in magnetic field effect of photocurrent developed from intermolecular charge-transfer states based on donor:acceptor (P3HT:PCBM) system. Specifically, we divide magnetic field effect of photocurrent into hyperfine (at low field < 10 mT) and spin-exchange (at high field > 10 mT) regimes. We observe that increasing photoexcitation intensity can lead to a significant line-shape narrowing in magnetic field effect of photocurrent occurring at the spin-exchange regime. We analyze that the line-shape characteristics is essentially determined by the changing rate of magnetic field-dependent singlet/triplet ratio when a magnetic field perturbs the singlet-triplet transition through spin mixing. Based on our analysis, the line-shape narrowing results indicate that the spin-exchange energy at D:A interfaces can be optically changed by changing photoexcitation intensity through the interactions between intermolecular charge-transfer states. Therefore, our experimental results demonstrate an optical approach to change the spin-exchange energy through the interactions between intermolecular charge-transfer states at donor:acceptor interface in organic materials.

  15. Optically tunable spin-exchange energy at donor:acceptor interfaces in organic solar cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Mingxing; Wang, Hongfeng; He, Lei; Zang, Huidong; Xu, Hengxing; Hu, Bin

    2014-07-01

    Spin-exchange energy is a critical parameter in controlling spin-dependent optic, electronic, and magnetic properties in organic materials. This article reports optically tunable spin-exchange energy by studying the line-shape characteristics in magnetic field effect of photocurrent developed from intermolecular charge-transfer states based on donor:acceptor (P3HT:PCBM) system. Specifically, we divide magnetic field effect of photocurrent into hyperfine (at low field < 10 mT) and spin-exchange (at high field > 10 mT) regimes. We observe that increasing photoexcitation intensity can lead to a significant line-shape narrowing in magnetic field effect of photocurrent occurring at the spin-exchange regime. We analyze that the line-shape characteristics is essentially determined by the changing rate of magnetic field-dependent singlet/triplet ratio when a magnetic field perturbs the singlet-triplet transition through spin mixing. Based on our analysis, the line-shape narrowing results indicate that the spin-exchange energy at D:A interfaces can be optically changed by changing photoexcitation intensity through the interactions between intermolecular charge-transfer states. Therefore, our experimental results demonstrate an optical approach to change the spin-exchange energy through the interactions between intermolecular charge-transfer states at donor:acceptor interface in organic materials.

  16. High spin rate magnetic controller for nanosatellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slavinskis, A.; Kvell, U.; Kulu, E.; Sünter, I.; Kuuste, H.; Lätt, S.; Voormansik, K.; Noorma, M.

    2014-02-01

    This paper presents a study of a high rate closed-loop spin controller that uses only electromagnetic coils as actuators. The controller is able to perform spin rate control and simultaneously align the spin axis with the Earth's inertial reference frame. It is implemented, optimised and simulated for a 1-unit CubeSat ESTCube-1 to fulfil its mission requirements: spin the satellite up to 360 deg s-1 around the z-axis and align its spin axis with the Earth's polar axis with a pointing error of less than 3°. The attitude of the satellite is determined using a magnetic field vector, a Sun vector and angular velocity. It is estimated using an Unscented Kalman Filter and controlled using three electromagnetic coils. The algorithm is tested in a simulation environment that includes models of space environment and environmental disturbances, sensor and actuator emulation, attitude estimation, and a model to simulate the time delay caused by on-board calculations. In addition to the normal operation mode, analyses of reduced satellite functionality are performed: significant errors of attitude estimation due to non-operational Sun sensors; and limited actuator functionality due to two non-operational coils. A hardware-in-the-loop test is also performed to verify on-board software.

  17. High-Spin Structure of 102Ru

    SciTech Connect

    Sohler, D.; Timar, J.; Molnar, J.; Algora, A.; Dombradi, Zs.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Zolnai, L.; Rainovski, G.; Joshi, P.; Wadsworth, R.; Jenkins, D.G.; Raddon, P.M.; Simons, A.J.; Wilkinson, A.R.; Starosta, K.; Fossan, D.B.; Bednarczyk, P.; Curien, D.; Duchene, G.; Gizon, A.

    2005-11-21

    High-spin states in the nucleus 102Ru have been studied through the 96Zr(13C,{alpha}3n) reaction using the EUROBALL IV {gamma}-ray spectrometer accompanied by the DIAMANT array for the detection of charged particles. All previously known bands have been extended to higher spins and additional bands have been found. Comparing the experimental Routhians and aligned angular momenta to the predictions of Woods-Saxon TRS calculations, vh11/2(d5/2,g7/2) configurations have been assigned to the observed negative-parity bands.

  18. Development of a high altitude Spin Parachute

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Silbert, M. N.

    1981-01-01

    A specially configured 16.6 foot (5.1 meter) Disc Gap Band (DGB) Spin Parachute has been designed, developed, integrated with a sounding rocket, and qualified by flight testing. Design requirements include (1) stable parachute should successfully deploy in the altitude region of 260,000 feet (80 kilometers) from a Super Arcas launch vehicle; (2) after deployment, parachute and payload spin rate should be greater than three rpm; (3) four electric field sensors should be mounted on parachute shroud lines and have provisions to be electrically connected to the suspended payload; and (4) time above 100,000 feet (30 kilometers) should exceed five minutes. The successful meeting of these requirements provided the first known high-altitude deployment of a Spin Parachute.

  19. High spin-Chern insulators with magnetic order.

    PubMed

    Ezawa, Motohiko

    2013-12-06

    As a topological insulator, the quantum Hall (QH) effect is indexed by the Chern and spin-Chern numbers C and Cspin. We have only Cspin = 0 or ± 1/2 in conventional QH systems. We investigate QH effects in generic monolayer honeycomb systems. We search for spin-resolved characteristic patterns by exploring Hofstadter's butterfly diagrams in the lattice theory and fan diagrams in the low-energy Dirac theory. It is shown that the spin-Chern number can takes an arbitrary high value for certain QH systems. This is a new type of topological insulators, which we may call high spin-Chern insulators. Samples may be provided by graphene on the SiC substrate with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal dichalcogenides with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal oxide with antiferromagnetic order and silicene with ferromagnetic order. Actually high spin-Chern insulators are ubiquitous in any systems with magnetic order. Nevertheless, the honeycomb system would provide us with unique materials for practical materialization.

  20. Triaxial superdeformed and normal-deformed high-spin band structures in {sup 170}Hf

    SciTech Connect

    Neusser-Neffgen, A.; Huebel, H.; Bringel, P.; Domscheit, J.; Mergel, E.; Nenoff, N.; Singh, A.K.; Hagemann, G.B.; Jensen, D.R.; Bhattacharya, S.; Curien, D.; Dorvaux, O.; Hannachi, F.; Lopez-Martens, A.

    2006-03-15

    The high-spin structure of {sup 170}Hf was investigated using the EUROBALL spectrometer. The previously known level scheme was extended in the low-spin region as well as to higher spins, and several new bands were discovered. In particular, two bands were identified which show the characteristics of triaxial superdeformation. One of these bands is strongly populated, and its excitation energy and spins are established. Configuration assignments are made to the normal-deformed bands based on comparisons of their properties with cranked shell model calculations. The results for the very high spin states provide important input for such calculations.

  1. Rolling friction and energy dissipation in a spinning disc

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Daolin; Liu, Caishan; Zhao, Zhen; Zhang, Hongjian

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the results of both experimental and theoretical investigations for the dynamics of a steel disc spinning on a horizontal rough surface. With a pair of high-speed cameras, a stereoscopic vision method is adopted to perform omnidirectional measurements for the temporal evolution of the disc's motion. The experiment data allow us to detail the dynamics of the disc, and consequently to quantify its energy. From our experimental observations, it is confirmed that rolling friction is a primary factor responsible for the dissipation of the energy. Furthermore, a mathematical model, in which the rolling friction is characterized by a resistance torque proportional to the square of precession rate, is also proposed. By employing the model, we perform qualitative analysis and numerical simulations. Both of them provide results that precisely agree with our experimental findings. PMID:25197246

  2. Rolling friction and energy dissipation in a spinning disc.

    PubMed

    Ma, Daolin; Liu, Caishan; Zhao, Zhen; Zhang, Hongjian

    2014-09-08

    This paper presents the results of both experimental and theoretical investigations for the dynamics of a steel disc spinning on a horizontal rough surface. With a pair of high-speed cameras, a stereoscopic vision method is adopted to perform omnidirectional measurements for the temporal evolution of the disc's motion. The experiment data allow us to detail the dynamics of the disc, and consequently to quantify its energy. From our experimental observations, it is confirmed that rolling friction is a primary factor responsible for the dissipation of the energy. Furthermore, a mathematical model, in which the rolling friction is characterized by a resistance torque proportional to the square of precession rate, is also proposed. By employing the model, we perform qualitative analysis and numerical simulations. Both of them provide results that precisely agree with our experimental findings.

  3. Free-Energy Bounds for Hierarchical Spin Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castellana, Michele; Barra, Adriano; Guerra, Francesco

    2014-04-01

    In this paper we study two non-mean-field (NMF) spin models built on a hierarchical lattice: the hierarchical Edward-Anderson model (HEA) of a spin glass, and Dyson's hierarchical model (DHM) of a ferromagnet. For the HEA, we prove the existence of the thermodynamic limit of the free energy and the replica-symmetry-breaking (RSB) free-energy bounds previously derived for the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model of a spin glass. These RSB mean-field bounds are exact only if the order-parameter fluctuations (OPF) vanish: given that such fluctuations are not negligible in NMF models, we develop a novel strategy to tackle part of OPF in hierarchical models. The method is based on absorbing part of OPF of a block of spins into an effective Hamiltonian of the underlying spin blocks. We illustrate this method for DHM and show that, compared to the mean-field bound for the free energy, it provides a tighter NMF bound, with a critical temperature closer to the exact one. To extend this method to the HEA model, a suitable generalization of Griffith's correlation inequalities for Ising ferromagnets is needed: since correlation inequalities for spin glasses are still an open topic, we leave the extension of this method to hierarchical spin glasses as a future perspective.

  4. On the spin excitation energy of the nucleon in the Skyrme model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adam, C.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

    2016-11-01

    In the Skyrme model of nucleons and nuclei, the spin excitation energy of the nucleon is traditionally calculated by a fit of the rigid rotor quantization of spin/isospin of the fundamental Skyrmion (the hedgehog) to the masses of the nucleon and the Delta resonance. The resulting, quite large spin excitation energy of the nucleon of about 73MeV is, however, rather difficult to reconcile with the small binding energies of physical nuclei, among other problems. Here, we argue that a more reliable interval of values for the spin excitation energy of the nucleon, compatible with many physical constraints is between 15MeV and 30MeV. The fit of the rigid rotor to the Delta, on the other hand, is problematic in any case, because it implies the use of a nonrelativistic method for a highly relativistic system.

  5. Spin reorientation of a nonsymmetric body with energy dissipation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cenker, R. J.

    1973-01-01

    Stable rotating semi-rigid bodies were demonstrated analytically, and verified in flights such as Explorer 1 and ATS-5 satellites. The problem arises from the two potential orientations which the final spin vector can take after large angle reorientation from minor to major axis, i.e., along the positive or negative axis of the maximum inertia. Reorientation of a satellite initially spinning about the minor axis using an energy dissipation device may require that the final spin orientation be controlled. Examples of possible applications are the Apogee Motor Assembly with Paired Satellites (AMAPS) configuration, where proper orientation of the thruster is required; and reorientation of ATS-5, where the spin sensitive nature of the despin device (yo-yo mechanism) requires that the final spin vector point is a specified direction.

  6. Air-bearing spin facility for measuring energy dissipation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peterson, R. L.

    1976-01-01

    The air-bearing spin facility was developed to determine experimentally the effect of energy dissipation upon the motion of spinning spacecraft. The facility consists of an air-bearing spin table, a telemetry system, a command system, and a ground control station. The air-bearing spin table was designed to operate in a vacuum chamber. Tests were run on spacecraft components such as fuel tanks, nutation dampers, reaction wheels, and active nutation damper systems. Each of these items affected the attitude of a spinning spacecraft. An experimental approach to determine these effects was required because the dissipation of these components could not be adequately analyzed. The results of these experiments have been used, with excellent results, to predict spacecraft motion.

  7. High-spin molecular resonances in 12C + 12C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uegaki, E.; Abe, Y.

    2016-05-01

    Resonances observed in the 12C + 12C collisions are studied with a molecular model. At high spins J = 10-18, a stable dinuclear configuration is found to be an equator-equator touching one. Firstly, normal modes have been solved around the equilibrium, with spin J and K-quantum number being specified for rotation of the whole system. Secondly, with respect to large centrifugal energy, Coriolis coupling has been diagonalized among low-lying 11 states of normal-mode excitations, which brings K-mixing. The analyses of decay widths and excitation functions have been done. The molecular ground state exhibits alignments of the orbital angular momentum and the 12C spins, while some of the molecular excited states exhibit disalignments with small widths. Those results are surprisingly in good agreement with the experiments, which will light up a new physical picture of the highspin 12C + 12C resonances.

  8. Generation of full polarization in ferromagnetic graphene with spin energy gap

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Qing-Ping; Liu, Zheng-Fang E-mail: aixichen@ecjtu.edu.cn; Liu, Zhi-Min; Chen, Ai-Xi E-mail: aixichen@ecjtu.edu.cn; Xiao, Xian-Bo

    2014-12-22

    We propose a workable scheme for the generation of full spin polarization in ferromagnetic graphene system with strain or Rashba spin-orbit interaction. A spin energy gap can be opened in ferromagnetic graphene system in the presence of strain or Rashba spin-orbit interaction, leading to the full polarization in the spin energy gap. In addition, under the combined modulation of strain and Rashba spin-orbit interaction, the ferromagnetic graphene system can generate significantly large spin-polarized current with a full polarization in the spin energy gap. It is anticipated to apply such a phenomenon to design the electron spin devices based on the graphene.

  9. Doping dependence of spin excitations and its correlations with high-temperature superconductivity in iron pnictides

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Meng; Zhang, Chenglin; Lu, Xingye; Tan, Guotai; Luo, Huiqian; Song, Yu; Wang, Miaoyin; Zhang, Xiaotian; Goremychkin, E.A.; Perring, T.G.; Maier, T.A.; Yin, Zhiping; Haule, Kristjan; Kotliar, Gabriel; Dai, Pengcheng

    2013-01-01

    High-temperature superconductivity in iron pnictides occurs when electrons and holes are doped into their antiferromagnetic parent compounds. Since spin excitations may be responsible for electron pairing and superconductivity, it is important to determine their electron/hole-doping evolution and connection with superconductivity. Here we use inelastic neutron scattering to show that while electron doping to the antiferromagnetic BaFe2As2 parent compound modifies the low-energy spin excitations and their correlation with superconductivity (<50 meV) without affecting the high-energy spin excitations (>100 meV), hole-doping suppresses the high-energy spin excitations and shifts the magnetic spectral weight to low-energies. In addition, our absolute spin susceptibility measurements for the optimally hole-doped iron pnictide reveal that the change in magnetic exchange energy below and above Tc can account for the superconducting condensation energy. These results suggest that high-Tc superconductivity in iron pnictides is associated with both the presence of high-energy spin excitations and a coupling between low-energy spin excitations and itinerant electrons. PMID:24301219

  10. Doping dependence of spin excitations and its correlations with high-temperature superconductivity in iron pnictides.

    PubMed

    Wang, Meng; Zhang, Chenglin; Lu, Xingye; Tan, Guotai; Luo, Huiqian; Song, Yu; Wang, Miaoyin; Zhang, Xiaotian; Goremychkin, E A; Perring, T G; Maier, T A; Yin, Zhiping; Haule, Kristjan; Kotliar, Gabriel; Dai, Pengcheng

    2013-01-01

    High-temperature superconductivity in iron pnictides occurs when electrons and holes are doped into their antiferromagnetic parent compounds. Since spin excitations may be responsible for electron pairing and superconductivity, it is important to determine their electron/hole-doping evolution and connection with superconductivity. Here we use inelastic neutron scattering to show that while electron doping to the antiferromagnetic BaFe₂As₂ parent compound modifies the low-energy spin excitations and their correlation with superconductivity (<50 meV) without affecting the high-energy spin excitations (>100 meV), hole-doping suppresses the high-energy spin excitations and shifts the magnetic spectral weight to low-energies. In addition, our absolute spin susceptibility measurements for the optimally hole-doped iron pnictide reveal that the change in magnetic exchange energy below and above T(c) can account for the superconducting condensation energy. These results suggest that high-T(c) superconductivity in iron pnictides is associated with both the presence of high-energy spin excitations and a coupling between low-energy spin excitations and itinerant electrons.

  11. Spin drift in highly doped n-type Si

    SciTech Connect

    Kameno, Makoto; Ando, Yuichiro; Shinjo, Teruya; Koike, Hayato; Sasaki, Tomoyuki; Oikawa, Tohru; Suzuki, Toshio; Shiraishi, Masashi

    2014-03-03

    A quantitative estimation of spin drift velocity in highly doped n-type silicon (Si) at 8 K is presented in this letter. A local two-terminal Hanle measurement enables the detection of a modulation of spin signals from the Si as a function of an external electric field, and this modulation is analyzed by using a spin drift-diffusion equation and an analytical solution of the Hanle-type spin precession. The analyses reveal that the spin drift velocity is linearly proportional to the electric field. The contribution of the spin drift effect to the spin signals is crosschecked by introducing a modified nonlocal four-terminal method.

  12. The spin bag mechanism of high temperature superconductivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schrieffer, J. R.; Wen, X.-G.; Zhang, S.-C.

    1989-01-01

    In oxide superconductors the local suppression of antiferromagnetic correlations in the vicinity of a hole lowers the energy of the system. This quasi two-dimensional bag of weakened spin order follows the hole in its motion. In addition, holes prefer to share a bag, leading to a strong pairing attraction and a high Tc superconductivity. There are many experimental consequences of this mechanism for both the superconducting and normal phases.

  13. High-spin spectroscopy of 140Nd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leguillon, R.; Petrache, C. M.; Zerrouki, T.; Konstantinopoulos, T.; Hauschild, K.; Korichi, A.; Lopez-Martens, A.; Frauendorf, S.; Ragnarsson, I.; Greenlees, P. T.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Leino, M.; Nieminen, P.; Nyman, M.; Peura, P.; Rahkila, P.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Sandzelius, M.; Saren, J.; Scholey, C.; Sorri, J.; Uusitalo, J.; Hübel, H.; Neußer-Neffgen, A.; Al-Khatib, A.; Bürger, A.; Nenoff, N.; Singh, A. K.; Curien, D.; Hagemann, G. B.; Herskind, B.; Sletten, G.; Fallon, P.; Görgen, A.; Bednarczyk, P.; Cullen, D. M.

    2013-07-01

    The population of the high-spin states in 140Nd was investigated using the reaction 96Zr(48Ca,4n). The results from two experiments, one with the EUROBALL array and one with the JUROGAM II+RITU+GREAT setup employing the recoil decay tagging technique, have been combined to develop a very detailed level scheme for 140Nd. Twelve bands of quadrupole transitions and eleven bands of dipole transitions were identified and their connections to low-lying states were established. Calculations using the cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky and the tilted axis cranking models were used to interpret the observed structures. The overall good agreement between the experimental results and the calculations assuming a triaxial shape of the nucleus strongly support the existence of a stable triaxial shape at high spins in this mass region.

  14. High-spin states in 208Rn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Triggs, W. J.; Poletti, A. R.; Dracoulis, G. D.; Fahlander, C.; Byrne, A. P.

    1983-03-01

    The yrast decay scheme of 208Rn has been investigated up to spin ≈ 20 h̵ and an excitation energy of ≈ 6 MeV. Several different γ-ray spectroscopic techniques were used to determine the properties of excited states and transitions in the nucleus. Significant changes to the previously established level scheme are proposed, based on the existence of an unobserved 3.1 keV transition. Simple empirical shell-model calculations of level energies aided in the assignment of shell-model configurations to excited states and the decay scheme is discussed in terms of these configurations. The energy level systematics for the even radon isotopes, from A = 206 to 212 are discussed, as are core polarization effects in the even radon isotopes ( A = 204 to 210) and polonium isotopes ( A = 202-208).

  15. Future directions for high-spin studies

    SciTech Connect

    Stephens, F.S.

    1982-11-01

    Some future directions for experimental high-spin studies are discussed, concentrating mainly on the region above I -- 30h, where the ..gamma..-ray spectra are currently unresolvable. The 4..pi.. NaI balls offer a means to exploit the temperature effects recently shown to exist in such spectra. Large arrays of Compton-suppressed Ge detectors, on the other and, lead to higher effective resolution as it becomes possible to study triple and quadruple coincident events.

  16. On the opposite-spin to same-spin ratio of absolute and interaction MP2 correlation energy in parameter-free spin-opposite-scaled double hybrids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alipour, Mojtaba

    2017-09-01

    In this report, applicability of the two types of opposite-spin to same-spin ratio of second-order Møller-Plesset correlation energy, namely the ratio of opposite-spin to same-spin of the absolute correlation energy and the most recently proposed ratio of opposite-spin to same-spin of the interaction correlation energy, in spin-opposite-scaled parameter-free double-hybrid density functionals has been evaluated. Considering the interaction energies and hydrogen transfer barrier heights benchmark sets and comparing various functionals, it is shown that using the ratio related to the absolute correlation energy in double-hybrid calculations provides lower deviations than that of the same ratio for the interaction correlation energy.

  17. Aging, memory, and nonhierarchical energy landscape of spin jam.

    PubMed

    Samarakoon, Anjana; Sato, Taku J; Chen, Tianran; Chern, Gai-Wei; Yang, Junjie; Klich, Israel; Sinclair, Ryan; Zhou, Haidong; Lee, Seung-Hun

    2016-10-18

    The notion of complex energy landscape underpins the intriguing dynamical behaviors in many complex systems ranging from polymers, to brain activity, to social networks and glass transitions. The spin glass state found in dilute magnetic alloys has been an exceptionally convenient laboratory frame for studying complex dynamics resulting from a hierarchical energy landscape with rugged funnels. Here, we show, by a bulk susceptibility and Monte Carlo simulation study, that densely populated frustrated magnets in a spin jam state exhibit much weaker memory effects than spin glasses, and the characteristic properties can be reproduced by a nonhierarchical landscape with a wide and nearly flat but rough bottom. Our results illustrate that the memory effects can be used to probe different slow dynamics of glassy materials, hence opening a window to explore their distinct energy landscapes.

  18. Aging, memory, and nonhierarchical energy landscape of spin jam

    PubMed Central

    Samarakoon, Anjana; Sato, Taku J.; Chen, Tianran; Chern, Gai-Wei; Yang, Junjie; Klich, Israel; Sinclair, Ryan; Zhou, Haidong; Lee, Seung-Hun

    2016-01-01

    The notion of complex energy landscape underpins the intriguing dynamical behaviors in many complex systems ranging from polymers, to brain activity, to social networks and glass transitions. The spin glass state found in dilute magnetic alloys has been an exceptionally convenient laboratory frame for studying complex dynamics resulting from a hierarchical energy landscape with rugged funnels. Here, we show, by a bulk susceptibility and Monte Carlo simulation study, that densely populated frustrated magnets in a spin jam state exhibit much weaker memory effects than spin glasses, and the characteristic properties can be reproduced by a nonhierarchical landscape with a wide and nearly flat but rough bottom. Our results illustrate that the memory effects can be used to probe different slow dynamics of glassy materials, hence opening a window to explore their distinct energy landscapes. PMID:27698141

  19. Aging, memory, and nonhierarchical energy landscape of spin jam

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samarakoon, Anjana; Sato, Taku J.; Chen, Tianran; Chern, Gai-Wei; Yang, Junjie; Klich, Israel; Sinclair, Ryan; Zhou, Haidong; Lee, Seung-Hun

    2016-10-01

    The notion of complex energy landscape underpins the intriguing dynamical behaviors in many complex systems ranging from polymers, to brain activity, to social networks and glass transitions. The spin glass state found in dilute magnetic alloys has been an exceptionally convenient laboratory frame for studying complex dynamics resulting from a hierarchical energy landscape with rugged funnels. Here, we show, by a bulk susceptibility and Monte Carlo simulation study, that densely populated frustrated magnets in a spin jam state exhibit much weaker memory effects than spin glasses, and the characteristic properties can be reproduced by a nonhierarchical landscape with a wide and nearly flat but rough bottom. Our results illustrate that the memory effects can be used to probe different slow dynamics of glassy materials, hence opening a window to explore their distinct energy landscapes.

  20. Spin Hall magnetoresistance at high temperatures

    SciTech Connect

    Uchida, Ken-ichi; Qiu, Zhiyong; Kikkawa, Takashi; Iguchi, Ryo; Saitoh, Eiji

    2015-02-02

    The temperature dependence of spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) in Pt/Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} (YIG) bilayer films has been investigated in a high temperature range from room temperature to near the Curie temperature of YIG. The experimental results show that the magnitude of the magnetoresistance ratio induced by the SMR monotonically decreases with increasing the temperature and almost disappears near the Curie temperature. We found that, near the Curie temperature, the temperature dependence of the SMR in the Pt/YIG film is steeper than that of a magnetization curve of the YIG; the critical exponent of the magnetoresistance ratio is estimated to be 0.9. This critical behavior of the SMR is attributed mainly to the temperature dependence of the spin-mixing conductance at the Pt/YIG interface.

  1. Spin-neurons: A possible path to energy-efficient neuromorphic computers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharad, Mrigank; Fan, Deliang; Roy, Kaushik

    2013-12-01

    Recent years have witnessed growing interest in the field of brain-inspired computing based on neural-network architectures. In order to translate the related algorithmic models into powerful, yet energy-efficient cognitive-computing hardware, computing-devices beyond CMOS may need to be explored. The suitability of such devices to this field of computing would strongly depend upon how closely their physical characteristics match with the essential computing primitives employed in such models. In this work, we discuss the rationale of applying emerging spin-torque devices for bio-inspired computing. Recent spin-torque experiments have shown the path to low-current, low-voltage, and high-speed magnetization switching in nano-scale magnetic devices. Such magneto-metallic, current-mode spin-torque switches can mimic the analog summing and "thresholding" operation of an artificial neuron with high energy-efficiency. Comparison with CMOS-based analog circuit-model of a neuron shows that "spin-neurons" (spin based circuit model of neurons) can achieve more than two orders of magnitude lower energy and beyond three orders of magnitude reduction in energy-delay product. The application of spin-neurons can therefore be an attractive option for neuromorphic computers of future.

  2. Spin-neurons: A possible path to energy-efficient neuromorphic computers

    SciTech Connect

    Sharad, Mrigank; Fan, Deliang; Roy, Kaushik

    2013-12-21

    Recent years have witnessed growing interest in the field of brain-inspired computing based on neural-network architectures. In order to translate the related algorithmic models into powerful, yet energy-efficient cognitive-computing hardware, computing-devices beyond CMOS may need to be explored. The suitability of such devices to this field of computing would strongly depend upon how closely their physical characteristics match with the essential computing primitives employed in such models. In this work, we discuss the rationale of applying emerging spin-torque devices for bio-inspired computing. Recent spin-torque experiments have shown the path to low-current, low-voltage, and high-speed magnetization switching in nano-scale magnetic devices. Such magneto-metallic, current-mode spin-torque switches can mimic the analog summing and “thresholding” operation of an artificial neuron with high energy-efficiency. Comparison with CMOS-based analog circuit-model of a neuron shows that “spin-neurons” (spin based circuit model of neurons) can achieve more than two orders of magnitude lower energy and beyond three orders of magnitude reduction in energy-delay product. The application of spin-neurons can therefore be an attractive option for neuromorphic computers of future.

  3. Thomas precession and spin interaction energy in very special relativity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganjitabar, Hassan; Shojai, Ali

    2014-08-01

    Very Special Relativity (VSR), proposed by Cohen and Glashow, considers one of the subgroups of Poincaré group as the symmetry of spacetime. This paper investigates the transformations of electromagnetic fields under boosts of VSR, and by the aid of them studies the interaction energy between spin of an electron and external electromagnetic fields. Here, we argue that Thomas precession, one of the consequences of Special Relativity (SR), does not exist in HOM(2) avatar of VSR. The predictions of SR and VSR about the spin interaction energy in a certain case are compared, and despite the absence of Thomas precession in VSR, no noticeable departure is seen.

  4. Nuclear moments of inertia at high spin

    SciTech Connect

    Deleplanque, M.A.

    1982-10-01

    The competition between collective motion and alignment at high spin can be evaluated by measuring two complementary dynamic moments of inertia. The first, I band, measured in ..gamma..-..gamma.. correlation experiments, relates to the collective properties of the nucleus. A new moment of inertia I/sub eff/ is defined here, which contains both collective and alignment effects. Both of these can be measured in continuum ..gamma..-ray spectra of rotational nuclei up to high frequencies. The evolution of ..gamma..-ray spectra for Er nuclei from mass 160 to 154 shows that shell effects can directly be observed in the spectra of the lighter nuclei.

  5. The dynamics of He + ion neutralization at a xenon film: Energy- and spin-resolved studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kontur, F. J.; Lancaster, J. C.; Dunning, F. B.

    2006-06-01

    The neutralization of He + ions with energies in the range 10-500 eV at an adsorbed xenon layer is examined both by analyzing the energy distribution of electrons ejected from the surface and by use of spin-labeling techniques, specifically the use of electron-spin-polarized He + ions coupled with measurement of the ejected electron polarization. The data indicate that neutralization proceeds via an Auger process similar to that which occurs at a clean high-work-function metal surface. At the higher ion energies, however, kinetic ejection becomes important and provides an increasing contribution to the total electron yield.

  6. High spin-filter efficiency and Seebeck effect through spin-crossover iron-benzene complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Qiang; Zhou, Liping; Cheng, Jue-Fei; Wen, Zhongqian; Han, Qin; Wang, Xue-Feng

    2016-04-01

    Electronic structures and coherent quantum transport properties are explored for spin-crossover molecule iron-benzene Fe(Bz)2 using density functional theory combined with non-equilibrium Green's function. High- and low-spin states are investigated for two different lead-molecule junctions. It is found that the asymmetrical T-shaped contact junction in the high-spin state behaves as an efficient spin filter while it has a smaller conductivity than that in the low-spin state. Large spin Seebeck effect is also observed in asymmetrical T-shaped junction. Spin-polarized properties are absent in the symmetrical H-shaped junction. These findings strongly suggest that both the electronic and contact configurations play significant roles in molecular devices and metal-benzene complexes are promising materials for spintronics and thermo-spintronics.

  7. High spin-filter efficiency and Seebeck effect through spin-crossover iron-benzene complex.

    PubMed

    Yan, Qiang; Zhou, Liping; Cheng, Jue-Fei; Wen, Zhongqian; Han, Qin; Wang, Xue-Feng

    2016-04-21

    Electronic structures and coherent quantum transport properties are explored for spin-crossover molecule iron-benzene Fe(Bz)2 using density functional theory combined with non-equilibrium Green's function. High- and low-spin states are investigated for two different lead-molecule junctions. It is found that the asymmetrical T-shaped contact junction in the high-spin state behaves as an efficient spin filter while it has a smaller conductivity than that in the low-spin state. Large spin Seebeck effect is also observed in asymmetrical T-shaped junction. Spin-polarized properties are absent in the symmetrical H-shaped junction. These findings strongly suggest that both the electronic and contact configurations play significant roles in molecular devices and metal-benzene complexes are promising materials for spintronics and thermo-spintronics.

  8. High spin polarization and spin splitting in equiatomic quaternary CoFeCrAl Heusler alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bainsla, Lakhan; Mallick, A. I.; Coelho, A. A.; Nigam, A. K.; Varaprasad, B. S. D. Ch. S.; Takahashi, Y. K.; Alam, Aftab; Suresh, K. G.; Hono, K.

    2015-11-01

    In this paper, we investigate CoFeCrAl alloy by means of ab-initio electronic structure calculations and various experimental techniques. The alloy is found to exist in the B2-type cubic Heusler structure, which is very similar to Y-type (or LiMgPdSn prototype) structure with space group F-43m (#216). Saturation magnetization (MS) of about 2 μB/f.u. is observed at 8 K under ambient pressure, which is in good agreement with the Slater-Pauling rule. MS values are found to be independent of pressure, which is a prerequisite for half-metals. The ab-initio electronic structure calculations predict half-metallicity for the alloy with a spin slitting energy of 0.31 eV. Importantly, this system shows a high current spin polarization value of 0.67±0.02, as deduced from the point contact Andreev reflection measurements. Linear dependence of electrical resistivity with temperature indicates the possibility of reasonably high spin polarization at elevated temperatures (~150 K) as well. All these suggest that CoFeCrAl is a promising material for the spintronic devices.

  9. Effect of Nematic Order on the Low-Energy Spin Fluctuations in Detwinned BaFe_{1.935}Ni_{0.065}As_{2}.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wenliang; Park, J T; Lu, Xingye; Wei, Yuan; Ma, Xiaoyan; Hao, Lijie; Dai, Pengcheng; Meng, Zi Yang; Yang, Yi-Feng; Luo, Huiqian; Li, Shiliang

    2016-11-25

    The origin of nematic order remains one of the major debates in iron-based superconductors. In theories based on spin nematicity, one major prediction is that the spin-spin correlation length at (0,π) should decrease with decreasing temperature below the structural transition temperature T_{s}. Here, we report inelastic neutron scattering studies on the low-energy spin fluctuations in BaFe_{1.935}Ni_{0.065}As_{2} under uniaxial pressure. Both intensity and spin-spin correlation start to show anisotropic behavior at high temperature, while the reduction of the spin-spin correlation length at (0,π) happens just below T_{s}, suggesting the strong effect of nematic order on low-energy spin fluctuations. Our results favor the idea that treats the spin degree of freedom as the driving force of the electronic nematic order.

  10. Toroidal high-spin isomers in the nucleus 120304

    DOE PAGES

    Staszczak, A.; Wong, Cheuk-Yin; Kosior, A.

    2017-05-22

    Strongly deformed oblate superheavy nuclei form an intriguing region where the toroidal nuclear structures may bifurcate from the oblate spheroidal shape. The bifurcation may be facilitated when the nucleus is endowed with a large angular moment about the symmetry axis withmore » $$I=I_{z}$$. The toroidal high-$K$ isomeric states at their local energy minima can be theoretically predicted using the cranked self-consistent Skyrme-Hartree-Fock method. We use the cranked Skyrme-Hartree-Fock method to predict the properties of the toroidal high-spin isomers in the superheavy nucleus $$^{304}{120}_{184}$$. This method consists of three steps: first, we use the deformation-constrained Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach to search for the nuclear density distributions with toroidal shapes. Next, using these toroidal distributions as starting configurations we apply an additional cranking constraint of a large angular momentum $$I=I_{z}$$ about the symmetry $z$-axis and search for the energy minima of the system as a function of the deformation. In the last step, if a local energy minimum with $$I=I_{z}$$ is found, we perform at this point the cranked symmetry- and deformation-unconstrained Skyrme-Hartree-Fock calculations to locate a stable toroidal high-spin isomeric state in free convergence. Furthemore, we have theoretically located two toroidal high-spin isomeric states of $$^{304}{120}_{184}$$ with an angular momentum $I$=$$I_z$$=81$$\\hbar$$ (proton 2p-2h, neutron 4p-4h excitation) and $I$=$$I_z$$=208$$\\hbar$$ (proton 5p-5h, neutron 8p-8h) at the quadrupole moment deformations $$Q_{20}=-297.7$$~b and $$Q_{20}=-300.8$$~b with energies 79.2 MeV and 101.6 MeV above the spherical ground state, respectively. The nuclear density distributions of the toroidal high-spin isomers $$^{304}{120}_{184}(I_z$$=81$$\\hbar$$ and 208$$\\hbar$$) have the maximum density close to the nuclear matter density, 0.16 fm$$^{-3}$$, and a torus major to minor radius aspect ratio $R/d=3

  11. Deformed band structures at high spin in 200Tl

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhattacharya, Soumik; Bhattacharyya, S.; Das Gupta, S.; Pai, H.; Mukherjee, G.; Palit, R.; Xu, F. R.; Wu, Q.; Shrivastava, A.; Asgar, Md. A.; Banik, R.; Bhattacharjee, T.; Chanda, S.; Chatterjee, A.; Goswami, A.; Nanal, V.; Pandit, S. K.; Saha, S.; Sethi, J.; Roy, T.; Thakur, S.

    2017-01-01

    High-spin band structures of 200Tl have been studied by γ -ray spectroscopic methods using the 198Pt(7Li,5 n )200Tl reaction at 45 MeV of beam energy. The level scheme of 200Tl has been extended significantly and several new band structures have been established with the observation of 60 new transitions. The π h9 /2⊗ν i13 /2 oblate band has been extended beyond the particle alignment frequencies. The band structures and the other excited states have been compared with the neighboring odd-odd Tl isotopes. Total Routhian surface calculations have been performed to study the deformation and shape changes as a function of spin in this nucleus. These calculations could reproduce the particle alignment frequency and suggest that the neutron pair alignment in ν i13 /2 orbital induces γ softness in 200Tl.

  12. High spin spectroscopy and shears mechanism in {sup 107}In

    SciTech Connect

    Negi, D.; Mohanto, G.; Kumar, R.; Singh, R. P.; Muralithar, S.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Trivedi, T.; Dhal, A.; Kumar, S.; Kumar, V.; Roy, S.; Raju, M. K.; Appannababu, S.; Kaur, J.; Bhati, A. K.; Sinha, R. K.; Pancholi, S. C.

    2010-05-15

    High spin states of {sup 107}In have been investigated using the reaction {sup 94}Mo({sup 16}O,p2n){sup 107}In at a beam energy of 70 MeV. A total of 62 new gamma transitions have been placed in the level scheme and several DELTAI=1 sequences and one DELTAI=2 sequence have been found. Lifetime measurements using the Doppler-shift attenuation method (DSAM) have been carried out for band states of DELTAI=1 and DELTAI=2. A decreasing trend of B(M1) strengths with increasing spin deduced for the DELTAI=1 band indicates the presence of a shears mechanism. The experimental data for this band are compared with the tilted axis cranking (TAC) calculations. The DELTAI=2 band has been found to be a deformed band with beta{sub 2}approx0.2.

  13. High-spin level scheme of {sup 194}Pb

    SciTech Connect

    Kutsarova, T.; Stefanova, E. A.; Minkova, A.; Lalkovski, S.; Korichi, A.; Lopez-Martens, A.; Hannachi, F.; Huebel, H.; Goergen, A.; Jansen, A.; Schoenwasser, G.; Khoo, T. L.; Herskind, B.; Bergstroem, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Podolyak, Z.

    2009-01-15

    High-spin states in {sup 194}Pb have been populated in the {sup 168}Er({sup 30}Si,4n) reaction at 142 MeV. The emitted {gamma} rays were detected by the EUROBALL III multidetector array. The level scheme was considerably extended and many previously observed {gamma}-ray transitions were reordered. Four new magnetic rotational bands were observed. The energies and spins of the bandheads of all previously observed magnetic rotational bands were corrected based on the observation of new transitions. From nine observed bands, only one could not be connected to the lower lying states. Based on comparison systematics with neighboring Pb isotopes and tilted-axis cranking model calculations previously reported, configuration assignments to the observed bands have been made.

  14. Magnetic Field Dependence of Spin Glass Free Energy Barriers.

    PubMed

    Guchhait, Samaresh; Orbach, Raymond L

    2017-04-14

    We measure the field dependence of spin glass free energy barriers in a thin amorphous Ge:Mn film through the time dependence of the magnetization. After the correlation length ξ(t,T) has reached the film thickness L=155  Å so that the dynamics are activated, we change the initial magnetic field by δH. In agreement with the scaling behavior exhibited in a companion Letter [M. Baity-Jesi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 157202 (2017)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.118.157202], we find that the activation energy is increased when δH<0. The change is proportional to (δH)^{2} with the addition of a small (δH)^{4} term. The magnitude of the change of the spin glass free energy barriers is in near quantitative agreement with the prediction of a barrier model.

  15. Energy spectra of a spin-½ XY spin molecule interacting with a single mode field cavity: Numerical study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tonchev, H.; Donkov, A. A.; Chamati, H.

    2016-10-01

    In a previous paper [J.Phys.: Conf. Ser. 682 (2016) 012032] we studied analytically the energy spectra of a finite-size spin ½ XY chain (molecule) coupled at an arbitrary spin site to a single mode of an electromagnetic field via the Jaynes-Cummings model. We considered spin rings and open spin molecules with up to 4 spins and an interaction restricted to nearest-neighbours. Here we extend our investigation, addressing numerically the energy spectra of molecules of up to 10 spins with nearest-neighbour or long- range interaction. Furthermore we analyze the behaviour of an invariant operator, constructed by combining the magnetization of the spin-chain and the total number of photons in the system. We found a strong dependence on the number (even or odd) of sites in the molecules. This study is aimed at finding the appropriate combination of the physical parameters that could make the system suitable for use in quantum computations.

  16. High-spin structure of {sup 102}Ru

    SciTech Connect

    Sohler, D.; Timar, J.; Molnar, J.; Dombradi, Zs.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Zolnai, L.; Rainovski, G.; Joshi, P.; Wadsworth, R.; Jenkins, D.G.; Raddon, P.M.; Simons, A.J.; Wilkinson, A.R.; Starosta, K.; Fossan, D.B.; Koike, T.; Vaman, C.; Algora, A.; Bednarczyk, P.; Curien, D.

    2005-06-01

    High-spin states in the nucleus {sup 102}Ru have been investigated via the {sup 96}Zr({sup 13}C,{alpha}3n) reaction at beam energies of 51 and 58 MeV, using the euroball IV {gamma}-ray spectrometer and the diamant charged particle array. Several new high-spin bands have been established. The ground-state band has been extended up to E{sub x}{approx}12 MeV with I{sup {pi}}=(26{sup +}); the previously published negative-parity bands have been extended up to E{sub x}{approx}11 and {approx} 9 MeV with I{sup {pi}}=(23{sup -}) and (20{sup -}), respectively. The deduced high-spin structure has been compared with Woods-Saxon total Routhian surface calculations and, on the basis of the measured Routhians, aligned angular momenta, and B(M1)/B(E2) ratios, {nu}h{sub 11/2}(g{sub 7/2},d{sub 5/2}) configurations are suggested for the negative-parity structures.

  17. Composite Fermion Spin Polarization Energy with Finite Layer Thickness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shayegan, Mansour; Liu, Yang; Hasdemir, Sukret; Pfeiffer, Loren; West, Ken; Baldwin, Kirk

    2014-03-01

    We study the spin polarization transitions of fractional quantum Hall (FQH) states in the filling range 1 < ν < 2 in symmetric quantum wells (QWs), as a function of density. Our results reveal a strong well-width dependence of the critical density nC and ratio between the Zeeman energy (EZ) normalized to the Coulomb energy (e2 / 4 πɛlB), above which a certain FQH state becomes spin polarized. For example, the ν = 7 / 5 FQH state becomes spin polarized at about 3 times higher density or 1.7 times larger EZ in the 31-nm-wide QW than in the 65-nm-wide QW. This well-width dependence of the spin polarization stems from by the finite electron layer thickness in these QWs and the resulting softening of the Coulomb interaction. We acknowledge support through the DOE BES (DE-FG02-00-ER45841) for measurements, and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (Grant GBMF2719), Keck Foundation, and the NSF (DMR-0904117, DMR-1305691 and MRSEC DMR-0819860) for sample fabrication. Work at Arg.

  18. Spin-dependent effects in high-order above-threshold ionization: spin-orbit interaction and exchange effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milošević, D. B.

    2017-08-01

    Spin-dependent effects in atomic processes can be caused by the spin-orbit interaction or/and by the requirement that the wave function of identical electrons is antisymmetric. Such effects are usually neglected in strong-field physics. We show two examples, supported by theoretical results and numerical calculations, in which these effects are important. The first one is based on strong-field ionization of Xe atoms by a bicircular field. The corresponding momentum distribution of spin-polarized electrons emitted in the above-threshold ionization process exhibits wavelength-dependent fast oscillations. For longer wavelengths and small electron emission angle there is a wide photoelectron kinetic energy region in which the spin asymmetry parameter changes continuously from large positive to large negative values. In addition, the emission time of such electrons in high-order above-threshold ionization is determined on the attosecond time scale. The second process considered is high-order above-threshold ionization of excited Li+ ions. We have found that in this case, even in the absence of spin-orbit coupling, the photoelectron momentum distribution strongly depends on the initial spin state. In the singlet state we have characteristic minima, which are caused by the destructive interference of the direct and exchange rescattering amplitudes. Such minima are absent in the triplet state.

  19. Low energy spin dynamics in the spin ice, Ho2Sn2O7

    SciTech Connect

    Ehlers, Georg; Huq, Ashfia; Diallo, Souleymane Omar; Adriano, Cris; Rule, K; Cornelius, A. L.; Fouquet, Peter; Pagliuso, P G; Gardner, Jason

    2012-01-01

    The magnetic properties of Ho{sub 2}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} have been investigated and compared to other spin ice compounds. Although the lattice has expanded by 3% relative to the better studied Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} spin ice, no significant changes were observed in the high temperature properties, T {approx}> 20 K. As the temperature is lowered and correlations develop, Ho{sub 2}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} enters its quantum phase at a slightly higher temperature than Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} and is more antiferromagnetic in character. Below 80 K a weak inelastic mode associated with the holmium nuclear spin system has been measured. The hyperfine field at the holmium nucleus was found to be {approx}700 T.

  20. Energy Scaling of Spin Tune due to RHIC Snakes

    SciTech Connect

    MacKay,W.W.

    2009-01-02

    For a ring like RHIC with two full Siberian snakes on opposite sides of the ring, the spin tune for a flat orbit will be 1/2 if the snake rotation axes are perpendicular, {Delta}{phi} = {phi}{sub 9}-{phi}{sub 3} = {pi}/2. Here {phi}{sup 9} and {phi}{sub 3} are respectively the direction of the rotation axes of the 9 o'clock and 3 o'clock snakes relative to the design trajectory as shown in Figure 1. If the two snakes are slightly detuned by the same amount such that the rotation axes are no longer perpendicular, then the deviation of the closed-orbit spin tune {nu}{sub 0} from 1/2 is given by {Delta}{nu}{sub 0} {approx_equal} ({Delta}{mu}){sup 2}/4{pi} cosG{gamma}{pi} - 2{Delta}{phi}/{pi} {approx_equal} 2{Delta}{phi}/180{sup o} with G{gamma} at a half integer, and where {Delta}{mu} is the deviation of snake rotation angle from 180{sup o}. It should be noted that there is a sign ambiguity in {Delta}{mu}{sub 0} since a spin tune of 0.495 is also a spin tune of 0.505, depending on the direction taken along the stable spin axis. In order to understand the effect of energy scaling on the snake axis direction, I have integrated the trajectory and spin rotation through a model of a RHIC snake (bi9-snk7) and found the energy (U) dependence of the snake axis angle {phi}{sub 9} and rotation angle {mu} as shown. A {approx_equal} p{sup -2} scaling of errors is typical in helical snakes. To first order, the orbit excursion drops as p{sup -1} and the spin precessions about transverse fields increase as {gamma} giving an approximate cancellation with energy, so we do not expect much change during the field ramp. The next order term which comes in is primarily proportional to p{sup -2}; although naively one might expect a slight effect inversely proportional to the velocity since {gamma}/p {proportional_to} c/{nu} {approx_equal} 1 + 1/2{gamma}{sup 2}.

  1. High spin states in 78Sr

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gross, C. J.; Heese, J.; Lieb, K. P.; Lister, C. J.; Varley, B. J.; Chishti, A. A.; McNeill, J. H.; Gelletly, W.

    1989-05-01

    78Sr was produced in the reaction 58Ni(24Mg, 2p2n) with a relative cross section of less than 2.5% of the total fusion cross section at 110 MeV, but high spin states up to 16ħ were firmly identified. Fifteen neutron detectors and fifteen Compton suppressed Ge detectors were used in a large solid angle arrangement. 2nγγ and nγγ coincidences were recorded. A small irregularity in the dynamic moment of inertia J(2)/ħ2 is evidence for a strongly mixed band crossing at ħω~=0.55 MeV in agreement with what is observed in 80,82Sr.

  2. Minimum energy trap states of dual-spin spacecraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollars, M. G.

    1980-01-01

    The general solution to the bearing axis motor torque required to escape a minimum energy trap state is presented for oblate dual-spin spacecraft. A simplified, reduced order analysis of the bearing torque is then obtained for the case of small static imbalances, dynamic imbalances, and asymmetries on the rotor and the stator. This analysis is extended to include large asymmetry on one of the bodies. The results are applied to the design of the Galileo spacecraft.

  3. Fluctuation Bounds For Interface Free Energies in Spin Glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arguin, L.-P.; Newman, C. M.; Stein, D. L.; Wehr, J.

    2014-07-01

    We consider the free energy difference restricted to a finite volume for certain pairs of incongruent thermodynamic states (if they exist) in the Edwards-Anderson Ising spin glass at nonzero temperature. We prove that the variance of this quantity with respect to the couplings grows proportionally to the volume in any dimension greater than or equal to two. As an illustration of potential applications, we use this result to restrict the possible structure of Gibbs states in two dimensions.

  4. High energy neutron radiography

    SciTech Connect

    Gavron, A.; Morley, K.; Morris, C.; Seestrom, S.; Ullmann, J.; Yates, G.; Zumbro, J.

    1996-06-01

    High-energy spallation neutron sources are now being considered in the US and elsewhere as a replacement for neutron beams produced by reactors. High-energy and high intensity neutron beams, produced by unmoderated spallation sources, open potential new vistas of neutron radiography. The authors discuss the basic advantages and disadvantages of high-energy neutron radiography, and consider some experimental results obtained at the Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) facility at Los Alamos.

  5. Experimental investigation of shell-model excitations of 89Zr up to high spin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saha, S.; Palit, R.; Sethi, J.; Trivedi, T.; Srivastava, P. C.; Kumar, S.; Naidu, B. S.; Donthi, R.; Jadhav, S.; Biswas, D. C.; Garg, U.; Goswami, A.; Jain, H. C.; Joshi, P. K.; Mukherjee, G.; Naik, Z.; Nag, S.; Nanal, V.; Pillay, R. G.; Saha, S.; Singh, A. K.

    2012-09-01

    Near yrast states in 89Zr were investigated up to high spin using the fusion evaporation reaction 80Se(13C, 4n) at an incident beam energy of 50 MeV. Excited levels of 89Zr have been observed up to ˜10 MeV excitation energy and spin ˜37/2ℏ using the prompt gamma spectroscopy technique with the Indian National Gamma Array (INGA). The angular distribution, directional correlation, and polarization measurements were carried out to assign the spin and parity of the newly reported states. The structures of both the positive and negative parity states up to highest spin observed in the present experiment have been compared with shell-model calculations using two recently developed residual interactions, JUN45 and jj44b. The role of proton excitations from p3/2 and f5/2 orbitals to the g9/2 orbital for the higher spin states has been discussed.

  6. Structure of odd-odd 136La at high spin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhattacharjee, Tumpa; Chanda, Somen; Bhattacharyya, Sarmishtha; Basu, Swapan Kumar; Bhowmik, R. K.; Muralithar, S.; Singh, R. P.; Pattabiraman, N. S.; Ghugre, S. S.; Datta Pramanik, U.; Bhattacharya, S.

    2005-04-01

    The high spin states in the N=79 odd-odd 136La nucleus have been investigated by in-beam γ-spectroscopic techniques following the 130Te( 11B, 5 n) 136La reaction at E=52 MeV using an array, consisting of eight Compton-suppressed clover germanium detectors. Thirty nine new γ rays have been assigned to 136La on the basis of γ ray singles and γγ-coincidence data. The level scheme of 136La has been extended above the known 115 ms isomer upto an excitation energy of 4.6 MeV and spin 18 ℏ. Thirty one new levels have been proposed and spin-parity assignments for most of the newly proposed levels have been made on the basis of the deduced asymmetry ratios and polarisation information for the de-exciting transitions. The observed positive parity yrast band has been compared with the theoretical calculation, done within the framework of particle rotor coupling model (PRM) where the two odd quasi-particles are coupled to an axially symmetric core. The level structure has been discussed in the light of the known systematics of the neighbouring N=79 isotonic nuclei.

  7. Dipole-Dipole Interactions of High-spin Paramagnetic Centers in Disordered Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Maryasov, Alexander G.; Bowman, Michael K.; Tsvetkov, Yuri D.

    2007-09-13

    Dipole-dipole interactions between distant paramagnetic centers (PCs) where at least one PC has spin S>1/2 are examined. The results provide a basis for the application of pulsed DEER or PELDOR methods to the measurement of distances between PC involving high-spin species. A projection operator technique based on spectral decomposition of the secular Hamiltonian is used to calculate EPR line splitting caused by the dipole coupling. This allows calculation of operators projecting arbitrary wavefunction onto high PC eigenstates when the eigenvectors of the Hamiltonian are not known. The effective spin vectors-that is, the expectation values for vector spin operators in the PC eigenstates-are calculated. The dependence of these effective spin vectors on the external magnetic field is calculated. There is a qualitative difference between pairs having at least one integer spin (non Karmers PC) and pairs of two half-integer (Kramers PC) spins. With the help of these effective spin vectors, the dipolar lineshape of EPR lines is calculated. Analytical relations are obtained for PCs with spin S=1/2 and 1. The dependence of Pake patterns on variations of zero field splitting, Zeeman energy, temperature and dipolar coupling are illustrated.

  8. Spin-orbit coupling and surface magnetism coexisting in spin-dependent low-energy He+-ion surface scattering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, T. T.; Sakai, O.

    2017-04-01

    Surface magnetism is analyzed by spin-dependent He+-ion neutralization (the Auger neutralization) in the vicinity of a surface using an electron spin-polarized low-energy He+-ion beam [spin-polarized ion scattering spectroscopy (SP-ISS)]. Recently, spin-orbit coupling (SOC) has been found to act as another mechanism of spin-dependent low-energy He+-ion scattering. Thus, it is crucial for surface magnetism analyses by SP-ISS to separate those two mechanisms. In the present study, we investigated the spin-induced asymmetry in scattering of low-energy He+ ions on ultrathin Au and Sn films as well as the oxygen adsorbate on a magnetized-Fe(100) surface where these two mechanisms may coexist. We found that the Fe surface magnetism immediately disappeared with the growth of those overlayers. On the other hand, we observed no induced spin polarization in the Au and Sn thin films even in the very initial stage of the growth. We also observed that the spin asymmetry of the O adsorbate was induced by the magnetism of the underlying Fe substrate. The present study demonstrates that the two mechanisms of the spin-asymmetric He+-ion scattering (the ion neutralization and SOC) can be separated by an azimuthal-angle-resolved SP-ISS measurement.

  9. High-Tc spin superfluidity in antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Bunkov, Yu M; Alakshin, E M; Gazizulin, R R; Klochkov, A V; Kuzmin, V V; L'vov, V S; Tagirov, M S

    2012-04-27

    We report the observation of the unusual behavior of induction decay signals in antiferromagnetic monocrystals with Suhl-Nakamura interactions. The signals show the formation of the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of magnons and the existence of spin supercurrent, in complete analogy with the spin superfluidity in the superfluid (3)He and the atomic BEC of quantum gases. In the experiments described here, the temperature of the magnon BEC is a thousand times larger than in the superfluid (3)He. It opens a possibility to apply the spin supercurrent for various magnetic spintronics applications.

  10. Defect energy of infinite-component vector spin glasses.

    PubMed

    Lee, L W; Young, A P

    2005-09-01

    We compute numerically the zero-temperature defect energy DeltaE of the vector spin glass in the limit of an infinite number of spin components m , for a range of dimensions 2< or d < or =5 . Fitting to DeltaE approximately L(theta) , where L is the system size, we obtain: theta similar to-1.54 (d=2) , theta similar to-1.04 (d=3) , theta similar to -0.67 (d=4) , and theta similar to -0.37 (d=5) . These results show that the lower critical dimension dl (the dimension where theta changes sign) is significantly higher for m=infinity than for finite m (where 2< dl <3 ).

  11. Micromagnetism in (001) magnetite by spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy.

    PubMed

    de la Figuera, Juan; Vergara, Lucía; N'diaye, Alpha T; Quesada, Adrian; Schmid, Andreas K

    2013-07-01

    Spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy was used to image a magnetite crystal with (001) surface orientation. Sets of spin-dependent images of magnetic domain patterns observed in this surface were used to map the direction of the magnetization vector with high spatial and angular resolution. We find that domains are magnetized along the surface <110> directions, and domain wall structures include 90° and 180° walls. A type of unusually curved domain walls are interpreted as Néel-capped surface terminations of 180° Bloch walls.

  12. High-spin yrast structure of {sup 159}Ho

    SciTech Connect

    Ollier, J.; Simpson, J.; Riley, M. A.; Wang, X.; Aguilar, A.; Teal, C.; Paul, E. S.; Nolan, P. J.; Petri, M.; Rigby, S. V.; Thomson, J.; Unsworth, C.; Carpenter, M. P.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Lauritsen, T.; Zhu, S.; Darby, I. G.; Hartley, D. J.; Kondev, F. G.

    2011-08-15

    An investigation of the yrast structure of the odd-Z {sup 159}Ho nucleus to high spin has been performed. The {sup 159}Ho nucleus was populated by the reaction {sup 116}Cd({sup 48}Ca,p4n{gamma}) at a beam energy of 215 MeV, and resulting {gamma} decays were detected by the Gammasphere spectrometer. The h{sub 11/2} yrast band has been significantly extended up to I{sup {pi}=}75/2{sup -} (tentatively 79/2{sup -}). A lower frequency limit for the second (h{sub 11/2}){sup 2} proton alignment was extracted consistent with the systematics of this alignment frequency, indicating an increased deformation with neutron number in the Ho isotopes. The energy-level splitting between the signature partners in the h{sub 11/2} structures of the Ho isotopes and the neighboring N=92 isotones is discussed.

  13. High Energy Missile Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    hypervelocity missile concept has been investigated. This research and development project called High Energy Missile (HEMi) technology...currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 00 DEC 2004 2. REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE High Energy

  14. Nucleon spin-polarisabilities from polarisation observables in low-energy deuteron Compton scattering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grießhammer, H. W.; Shukla, D.

    2010-11-01

    We investigate the dependence of polarisation observables in elastic deuteron Compton scattering below the pion production threshold on the spin-independent and spin-dependent iso-scalar dipole polarisabilities of the nucleon. The calculation uses Chiral Effective Field Theory ( χ EFT) with dynamical Δ(1232) degrees of freedom in the Small Scale Expansion (SSE) at next-to-leading order. Resummation of the NN intermediate rescattering states and including the Δ induces sizeable effects. The analysis considers cross-sections and the analysing power of linearly polarised photons on an unpolarised target, and cross-section differences and asymmetries of linearly and circularly polarised beams on a vector-polarised deuteron. An intuitive argument helps one to identify kinematics in which one or several polarisabilities do not contribute. Some double-polarised observables are only sensitive to linear combinations of two of the spin-polarisabilities, simplifying a multipole analysis of the data. Spin-polarisabilities can be extracted at photon energies ≳ 100 MeV, after measurements at lower energies of lesssim 70 MeV provide high-accuracy determinations of the spin-independent ones. An interactive Mathematica 7.0 notebook of our findings is available from hgrie@gwu.edu.

  15. Spin observables in inelastic proton-nucleus scattering at intermediate energy

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, R.D.

    1984-01-01

    This dissertation is a study of spin observables in inelastic proton-nucleus reactions for incident proton energies near 1 GeV. At this energy, the dominant reaction mechanisms are (1) quasi-free knockout of one or more nucleons, and (2) pion production through the resonance. The cross section due to quasi-free knockout can be reasonably well understood theoretically in a multiple scattering picture, which uses measured NN amplitudes as input. Calculations of this sort were carried out in reference (10) using scalar NN amplitudes parameterized as Gaussians. The author has extended this picture to include spin dependent NN amplitudes. This allows calculation of all the spin observables, Ay, DLL, DSS, DNN, DLS, and DSL, as well as the cross section dsigma/dOmegadp due to quasi-free knockout of one or more particles. The cross section and polarization Ay have been measured at the LAMPF High Resolution Spectrometer at T/sub L/ = 800 MeV on SC. The theoretical results agree well with the data in the quasi-free region. The results for the remaining spin observables provide predictions for experiments which can be performed at LAMPF. By comparing the calculations with the data, it may be possible to separate the contribution due to a quasi-free knockout, and see a signature of quasi-free production in the spin observables.

  16. New candidates for high spin isomeric targets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tonchev, A. P.; Gangrsky, Yu. P.; Belov, A. G.

    1999-02-01

    Experimental results of the accumulation and study of reaction mechanism of the de-excitation of high spin isomeric targets 108mAg ( Jπ=6 +), 166mHo ( Jπ=7 -) and 180mTa ( Jπ=9 -) are discussed. Together with other isomers, such as 178m2Hf ( Jπ=16 +), 186mRe ( Jπ=8 +), 242m Am ( Jπ=5 -), which can be produced by neutron-capture reactions or in reactions involving heavy ions, they can possibly be used for new experiments in nuclear physics. The large integral cross section for neutron capture (usually some barns) and enough cooling time allows the ground state of these isomers to completely decay due to their short half-life. The large integral de-excitation cross section (more 10 mb MeV) in inelastic γ-quanta scattering allows for a successful measurement on a small number of atoms (<10 15) and makes them candidates for γ-laser on the nuclear levels.

  17. Nanoscale Magnetic Materials for Energy-Efficient Spin Based Transistors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Incorvia, Jean Anne Currivan

    In this dissertation, I study the physical behavior of nanoscale magnetic materials and build spin-based transistors that encode information in magnetic domain walls. It can be argued that energy dissipation is the most serious problem in modern electronics, and one that has been resistant to a breakthrough. Wasted heat during computing both wastes energy and hinders further technology scaling. This is an opportunity for physicists and engineers to come up with creative solutions for more energy-efficient computing. I present the device we have designed, called domain wall logic (DW-Logic). Information is stored in the position of a magnetic domain wall in a ferromagnetic wire and read out using a magnetic tunnel junction. This hybrid design uses electrical current as the input and output, keeping the device compatible with charge- based transistors. I build an iterative model to predict both the micromagnetic and circuit behavior of DW- Logic, showing a single device can operate as a universal gate. The model shows we can build complex circuits including an 18-gate Full Adder, and allows us to predict the device switching energy compared to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) transistors. Comparing ?15 nm feature nodes, I find DW-Logic made with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy materials, and utilizing both spin torque transfer and the Spin Hall effect, could operate with 1000x reduced switching energy compared to CMOS. I fabricate DW-Logic device prototypes and show in experiment they can act as AND and NAND gates. I demonstrate that one device can drive two subsequent devices, showing gain, which is a necessary requirement for fanout. I also build a clocked ring oscillator circuit to demonstrate successful bit propagation in a DW-Logic circuit and show that properly scaled devices can have improved operation. Through building the devices, I develop a novel fabrication method for patterning sub-25 nm magnetic wires with very low (˜ 2 nm) average edge

  18. In-beam spectroscopy of medium- and high-spin states in 133Ce

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ayangeakaa, A. D.; Garg, U.; Petrache, C. M.; Guo, S.; Zhao, P. W.; Matta, J. T.; Nayak, B. K.; Patel, D.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Kondev, F. G.; Lauritsen, T.; Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S.; Ghugre, S. S.; Palit, R.

    2016-05-01

    Medium and high-spin states in 133Ce were investigated using the 116Cd(22Ne, 5 n ) reaction and the Gammasphere array. The level scheme was extended up to an excitation energy of ˜22.8 MeV and spin 93/2 ℏ . Eleven bands of quadrupole transitions and two new dipole bands are identified. The connections to low-lying states of the previously known, high-spin triaxial bands were firmly established, thus fixing the excitation energy and, in many cases, the spin parity of the levels. Based on comparisons with cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations and tilted axis cranking covariant density functional theory, it is shown that all observed bands are characterized by pronounced triaxiality. Competing multiquasiparticle configurations are found to contribute to a rich variety of collective phenomena in this nucleus.

  19. Production dynamics and high p/sub T/ spin effects

    SciTech Connect

    Soffer, J.

    1988-08-01

    We will emphasize the importance of spin for our understanding of production dynamics at high p/sub T/. Within the framework of perturbative QCD several predictions for interesting spin observables are presented for various reactions. They are crucial tests accessible to existing or future experimental programs. 17 refs., 10 figs.

  20. High-spin states in the 94Nb nucleus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mărginean, N.; Bucurescu, D.; Căta-Danil, Ghe.; Căta-Danil, I.; Ivaşcu, M.; Ur, C. A.

    2000-09-01

    High-spin states have been studied for the first time in the 94Nb nucleus with the reaction 82Se(19F,α3nγ) at 68 MeV. A cascade of transitions has been observed, based on the (6)+ ground state and extending up to 6.5 MeV excitation and spin of about 19.

  1. High Spin Isomers and Super Heavy Elements (SHE) Synthesis

    SciTech Connect

    Popescu, Domitian G.

    2010-04-30

    To get closer to the SHE-Island the new radioactive beams are proposed for future fusion reaction. We suggest something different: to use the advantage of High Spin Isomer States, by tacking into account the importance of the G (spin-isospin cupling) suggested by Ripka 1.

  2. Spin polarization in electromagnetic physics at intermediate energies

    SciTech Connect

    Burkert, V.D.

    1994-10-26

    Aspects of the spin responses functions of protons and neutrons at low and intermediate momentum transfers and energy transfers are discussed, with emphasis on the region of the nucleon resonances. Experiments at CEBAF will use polarization to measure inclusive asymmetries A{sub l}{sup p}, A{sub 2}{sup p} and A{sub 1}{sup n} in a large Q{sup 2} and W range, the electric formfactor of the neutron, and resonance excitations in pion and vector meson production.

  3. High-spin binary black hole mergers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marronetti, Pedro; Tichy, Wolfgang; Brügmann, Bernd; González, Jose; Sperhake, Ulrich

    2008-03-01

    We study identical mass black hole binaries with spins perpendicular to the binary’s orbital plane. These binaries have individual spins ranging from s/m2=-0.90 to 0.90, (s1=s2 in all cases) which is near the limit possible with standard Bowen-York puncture initial data. The extreme cases correspond to the largest initial spin simulations to date. Our results expand the parameter space covered by Rezzolla et al., and when combining both data sets, we obtain estimations for the minimum and maximum values for the intrinsic angular momenta of the remnant of binary black hole mergers of J/M2=0.341±0.004 and 0.951±0.004, respectively. Note, however, that these values are reached through extrapolation to the singular cases |s1|=|s2|=1 and thus remain as estimates until full-fledged numerical simulations provide confirmation.

  4. High-spin binary black hole mergers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marronetti, Pedro; Tichy, Wolfgang; Brügmann, Bernd; Sperhake, Ulrich; González, José

    2008-04-01

    We study identical mass black hole binaries with spins perpendicular to the binary's orbital plane. These binaries have individual spins ranging from s/m^2=-0.90 to 0.90, (s1= s2 in all cases) which is near the limit possible with standard Bowen-York puncture initial data. The extreme cases correspond to the largest initial spin simulations to date. Our results expand the parameter space covered by Rezzolla et al. and, when combining both data sets, we obtain estimations for the minimum and maximum values for the intrinsic angular momenta of the remnant of binary black hole mergers of J/M^2=0.341(4) and 0.951(4) respectively.

  5. High-spin nuclear structure studies with radioactive ion beams

    SciTech Connect

    Baktash, C.

    1992-12-31

    Two important developments in the sixties, namely the advent of heavy-ion accelerators and fabrication of Ge detectors, opened the way for the experimental studies of nuclear properties at high angular momentum. Addition of a new degree of freedom, namely spin, made it possible to observe such fascinating phenomena as occurrences and coexistence of a variety of novel shapes, rise, fall and occasionally rebirth of nuclear collectivity, and disappearance of pairing correlations. Today, with the promise of development of radioactive ion beams (RIB) and construction of the third-generation Ge-detection systems (GAMMASPHERE and EUROBALL), the authors are poised to explore new and equally fascinating phenomena that have been hitherto inaccessible. With the addition of yet another dimension, namely the isospin, they will be able to observe and verify predictions for exotic shapes as varied as rigid triaxiality, hyperdeformation and triaxial octupole shapes, or to investigate the T = 0 pairing correlations. In this paper, they shall review, separately for neutron-deficient and neutron-rich nuclei, these and a few other new high-spin physics opportunities that may be realized with RIB. Following this discussion, they shall present a list of the beam species, intensities and energies that are needed to fulfill these goals. The paper will conclude with a description of the experimental techniques and instrumentations that are required for these studies.

  6. SU(2s+1) symmetry and nonlinear dynamics of high spin magnets

    SciTech Connect

    Kovalevsky, M.Y. Glushchenko, A.V.

    2014-10-15

    The article is devoted to the description of dynamics of magnets with arbitrary spin on the basis of the Hamiltonian formalism. The relationship of quantum states and magnetic degrees of freedom has been considered. Subalgebras of Poisson bracket of magnetic values for spin s=1/2; 1; 3/2 have been established. We have obtained non-linear dynamic equations for the normal and degenerate non-equilibrium states of high-spin magnets with the SO(3), SU(4), SU(2)×SU(2), SU(3), SO(4), SO(5) symmetries of exchange interaction. The connection between models of magnetic exchange energy and the Casimir invariants has been discussed.

  7. High energy colliders

    SciTech Connect

    Palmer, R.B.; Gallardo, J.C.

    1997-02-01

    The authors consider the high energy physics advantages, disadvantages and luminosity requirements of hadron (pp, p{anti p}), lepton (e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}, {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup {minus}}) and photon-photon colliders. Technical problems in obtaining increased energy in each type of machine are presented. The machines relative size are also discussed.

  8. Inorganic High Energy Oxidisers,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    properties may contribute significantly to the energy of the whole system. A book entitled ’Inorganic High - Energy Oxidisers’ by E.W. Lawless and I.C. Smith is the subject of this Essay Review by W.E. Batty.

  9. Designing magnetic organic lattices from high-spin polycyclic units.

    PubMed

    Trinquier, Georges; Suaud, Nicolas; Guihéry, Nathalie; Malrieu, Jean-Paul

    2011-11-18

    This work addresses the conception of purely organic magnetic materials by properly bridging high-spin polycyclic hydrocarbons A and B, through covalent ligands L. The strategy varies two degrees of freedom that govern the magnetic character of the A-L--B sequence, namely, the bridge response to spin polarization and the relative signs of spin density on carbon atoms to which the bridge is attached. Topological prescriptions based on Ovchinnikov's rule are proposed to predict ground-state spin multiplicities of various A-L-B sets. The relevance of these guiding principles is essentially confirmed through DFT calculations on dimers connected by conjugated bridges. The transferability of interunit magnetic couplings to larger assemblies is further checked, the building blocks tending to maintain their high-spin character whatever the environment. Such local designs open the way to periodic lattices of ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic, or paramagnetic materials.

  10. Seismic Signature of the High-Spin to Low-Spin Transition in Magnesiowustite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Gironcoli, S.; da Silva, C.; Tsuchiya, T.; Wentzcovitch, R. M.

    2005-12-01

    It has been reported that the high to low-spin spin transition in iron in magnesiowustite (Mw) is accompanied by considerable volume reduction. This changes considerably the elastic properties of Mw across this transition as well. Using a newly developed LDA+U method with consistently calculated Hubbard U, we investigate the elastic signature of this transition. We find large and temperature sensitive contrast in elasticity across this transition. Research supported by NSF/ITR 0428774, VLab, Ehime Univ Project Fund

  11. Synthesis and electrochemical properties of spin-capable carbon nanotube sheet/MnO(x) composites for high-performance energy storage devices.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jae-Hak; Lee, Kyung H; Overzet, Lawrence J; Lee, Gil S

    2011-07-13

    Inspired by the high specific capacitances found using ultrathin films or nanoparticles of manganese oxides (MnO(x)), we have electrodeposited MnO(x) nanoparticles onto sheets of carbon nanotubes (CNT sheets). The resulting composites have high specific capacitances (C(sp) ≤ 1250 F/g), high charge/discharge rate capabilities, and excellent cyclic stability. Both the C(sp) and rate capabilities are controlled by the average size of the MnO(x) nanoparticles on the CNTs. They are independent of the number of layers of CNT sheets used to form an electrode. The high-performance composites result from a synergistic combination of large surface area and good electron-transport capabilities of the MnO(x) nanoparticles with the good conductivity of the CNT sheets. Such composites can be used as electrodes for lithium batteries and supercapacitors.

  12. High-spin organic molecules with dominant spin-orbit contribution and unprecedentedly large magnetic anisotropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Misochko, Eugenii Ya.; Akimov, Alexander V.; Masitov, Artem A.; Korchagin, Denis V.; Yakushchenko, Igor K.; Chapyshev, Sergei V.

    2012-08-01

    High-spin organic molecules with dominant spin-orbit contribution to magnetic anisotropy are reported. Quintet 4-azido-3,5-dibromopyridyl-2,6-dinitrene (Q-1), quintet 2-azido-3,5-dibromopyridyl-4,6-dinitrene (Q-2), and septet 3,5-dibromopyridyl-2,4,6-trinitrene (S-1) were generated in solid argon matrices by ultraviolet irradiation of 2,4,6-triazido-3,5-dibromopyridine. The zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters, derived from electron spin resonance spectra, show unprecedentedly large magnitudes of the parameters D: |DQ1| = 0.289, |DQ2| = 0.373, and |DS1| = 0.297 cm-1. The experimental ZFS parameters were successfully reproduced by density functional theory calculations, confirming that magnetic anisotropy of high-spin organic molecules can considerably be enhanced by the "heavy atom effect." In bromine-containing high-spin nitrenes, the spin-orbit term is dominant and governs both the magnitude and the sign of magnetic anisotropy. The largest negative value of D among septet trinitrenes is predicted for 1,3,5-trinitrenobenzene bearing three heavy atoms (Br) in positions 2, 4, and 6 of the benzene ring.

  13. Energy at high altitude.

    PubMed

    Hill, N E; Stacey, M J; Woods, D R

    2011-03-01

    For the military doctor, an understanding of the metabolic effects of high altitude (HA) exposure is highly relevant. This review examines the acute metabolic challenge and subsequent changes in nutritional homeostasis that occur when troops deploy rapidly to HA. Key factors that impact on metabolism include the hypoxic-hypobaric environment, physical exercise and diet. Expected metabolic changes include augmentation of basal metabolic rate (BMR), decreased availability of oxygen in peripheral metabolic tissues, reduction in VO2 max, increased glucose dependency and lactate accumulation during exercise. The metabolic demands of exercise at HA are crucial. Equivalent activity requires greater effort and more energy than it does at sea level. Soldiers working at HA show high energy expenditure and this may exceed energy intake significantly. Energy intake at HA is affected adversely by reduced availability, reduced appetite and changes in endocrine parameters. Energy imbalance and loss of body water result in weight loss, which is extremely common at HA. Loss of fat predominates over loss of fat-free mass. This state resembles starvation and the preferential primary fuel source shifts from carbohydrate towards fat, reducing performance efficiency. However, these adverse effects can be mitigated by increasing energy intake in association with a high carbohydrate ration. Commanders must ensure that individuals are motivated, educated, strongly encouraged and empowered to meet their energy needs in order to maximise mission-effectiveness.

  14. ACCELERATING POLARIZED PROTONS TO HIGH ENERGY.

    SciTech Connect

    BAI, M.; AHRENS, L.; ALEKSEEV, I.G.; ALESSI, J.; BEEBE-WANG, J.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; BRAVAR, A.; BRENNAN, J.M.; BRUNO, D.; BUNCE, G.; ET AL.

    2006-10-02

    The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is designed to provide collisions of high energy polarized protons for the quest of understanding the proton spin structure. Polarized proton collisions at a beam energy of 100 GeV have been achieved in RHIC since 2001. Recently, polarized proton beam was accelerated to 250 GeV in RHIC for the first time. Unlike accelerating unpolarized protons, the challenge for achieving high energy polarized protons is to fight the various mechanisms in an accelerator that can lead to partial or total polarization loss due to the interaction of the spin vector with the magnetic fields. We report on the progress of the RHIC polarized proton program. We also present the strategies of how to preserve the polarization through the entire acceleration chain, i.e. a 200 MeV linear accelerator, the Booster, the AGS and RHIC.

  15. High-energy detector

    DOEpatents

    Bolotnikov, Aleksey E [South Setauket, NY; Camarda, Giuseppe [Farmingville, NY; Cui, Yonggang [Upton, NY; James, Ralph B [Ridge, NY

    2011-11-22

    The preferred embodiments are directed to a high-energy detector that is electrically shielded using an anode, a cathode, and a conducting shield to substantially reduce or eliminate electrically unshielded area. The anode and the cathode are disposed at opposite ends of the detector and the conducting shield substantially surrounds at least a portion of the longitudinal surface of the detector. The conducting shield extends longitudinally to the anode end of the detector and substantially surrounds at least a portion of the detector. Signals read from one or more of the anode, cathode, and conducting shield can be used to determine the number of electrons that are liberated as a result of high-energy particles impinge on the detector. A correction technique can be implemented to correct for liberated electron that become trapped to improve the energy resolution of the high-energy detectors disclosed herein.

  16. Excellent spin transport in spin valves based on the conjugated polymer with high carrier mobility

    PubMed Central

    Li, Feng; Li, Tian; Chen, Feng; Zhang, Fapei

    2015-01-01

    Organic semiconductors (OSCs) are characteristic of long spin-relaxation lifetime due to weak spin-orbit interaction and hyperfine interaction. However, short spin diffusion length and weak magnetoresistance (MR) effect at room temperature (RT) was commonly found on spin valves (SVs) using an organic spacer, which should be correlated with low carrier mobility of the OSCs. Here, N-type semiconducting polymer P(NDI2OD-T2) with high carrier mobility is employed as the spacer in the SV devices. Exceedingly high MR ratio of 90.0% at 4.2 K and of 6.8% at RT are achieved, respectively, via improving the interface structure between the polymer interlayer and top cobalt electrode as well as optimal annealing of manganite bottom electrode. Furthermore, we observe spin dependent transport through the polymeric interlayer and a large spin diffusion length with a weak temperature dependence. The results indicate that this polymer material can be used as a good medium for spintronic devices. PMID:25797862

  17. Transverse spinning of particles in highly focused vector vortex beams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Manman; Yan, Shaohui; Liang, Yansheng; Zhang, Peng; Yao, Baoli

    2017-05-01

    Transverse spin angular momentum, which appears locally in the structured optical fields, has attracted much attention, owing to its extraordinary properties and potential applications. We show theoretically that, by highly focusing a vector vortex beam with azimuthally varied polarization, it is possible to trap multiple particles simultaneously and manipulate the particles' spin along the azimuthal direction. Both the direction and the magnitude of the spin angular momentum, so the spin torque on the particle, can be varied by changing the state of the input beams. Moreover, the magnitude of the spin torque can be manipulated further by changing the characteristics of the particles. Such results may be exploited in practical optical manipulation, especially for optically induced rotations.

  18. Toward high-frequency operation of spin lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Junior, Paulo E. Faria; Xu, Gaofeng; Lee, Jeongsu; Gerhardt, Nils C.; Sipahi, Guilherme M.; Žutić, Igor

    2015-08-01

    Injecting spin-polarized carriers into semiconductor lasers provides important opportunities to extend what is known about spintronic devices, as well as to overcome many limitations of conventional (spin-unpolarized) lasers. By developing a microscopic model of spin-dependent optical gain derived from an accurate electronic structure in a quantum-well-based laser, we study how its operation properties can be modified by spin-polarized carriers, carrier density, and resonant cavity design. We reveal that by applying a uniaxial strain, it is possible to attain a large birefringence. While such birefringence is viewed as detrimental in conventional lasers, it could enable fast polarization oscillations of the emitted light in spin lasers, which can be exploited for optical communication and high-performance interconnects. The resulting oscillation frequency (>200 GHz) would significantly exceed the frequency range possible in conventional lasers.

  19. Effects of Exchange Energy and Spin-Orbit Coupling on Bond Energies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Derek W.

    2004-01-01

    Since chemical reactions involve the breaking and making of bonds, understanding the relative strengths of bonds is of paramount importance in the study, teaching, and practice of chemistry. Further, it is showed that free atoms having p(super n) configuration with n = 2,3, or 4 are stabilized by exchange energy, and by spin-orbit coupling for n =…

  20. Effects of Exchange Energy and Spin-Orbit Coupling on Bond Energies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Derek W.

    2004-01-01

    Since chemical reactions involve the breaking and making of bonds, understanding the relative strengths of bonds is of paramount importance in the study, teaching, and practice of chemistry. Further, it is showed that free atoms having p(super n) configuration with n = 2,3, or 4 are stabilized by exchange energy, and by spin-orbit coupling for n =…

  1. Properties of nuclei at high spins. [A = 160 to 166

    SciTech Connect

    Stephens, F.S.

    1982-10-01

    Nuclei generate high spins by two methods, alignment of single particle angular momentum and collective rotation. The competition of these two modes is discussed for the highest spins 40 less than or equal to I less than or equal to 65 h bar. Evidence is presented that alignment of the h/sub 9/2/ and i/sub 13/2/ proton orbitals from the next higher major shell produces large affects at high spins in rotational nuclei in the A = 160-166 region. It is suggested that such major shell effects produce the still larger irregularities known to occur in the lighter nuclei of this region.

  2. Upper bounds of spin-density wave energies in the homogeneous electron gas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Delyon, F.; Bernu, B.; Baguet, L.; Holzmann, M.

    2015-12-01

    Studying the jellium model in the Hartree-Fock approximation, Overhauser has shown that spin-density waves (SDWs) can lower the energy of the Fermi gas, but it is still unknown whether these SDWs are actually relevant for the phase diagram. In this paper, we give a more complete description of SDW states. We show that a modification of the Overhauser ansatz explains the behavior of the jellium at high density compatibly with previous Hartree-Fock simulations.

  3. Isospin symmetry breaking at high spin in the mirror nuclei Ar35 and Cl35

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vedova, F. Della; Lenzi, S. M.; Ionescu-Bujor, M.; Mărginean, N.; Axiotis, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Bizzeti-Sona, A. M.; Bizzeti, P. G.; Bracco, A.; Brandolini, F.; Bucurescu, D.; Farnea, E.; Iordachescu, A.; Lunardi, S.; Martínez, T.; Mason, P.; Menegazzo, R.; Million, B.; Napoli, D. R.; Nespolo, M.; Pavan, P.; Alvarez, C. Rossi; Ur, C. A.; Venturelli, R.; Zuker, A. P.

    2007-03-01

    High-spin states in Ar35 and Cl35 have been populated in the Mg24(O16, αn) and Mg24(O16, αp) reactions, respectively, at a beam energy of 70 MeV. The comparison between the level schemes of these mirror nuclei shows a striking asymmetry in the population yield of high-spin analog states of positive parity, which indicates different intensities of E1 transitions connecting positive- and negative-parity structures in both nuclei. Large energy differences are observed between analog states of negative parity with configurations of dominant pure single-particle character. This results from the comparison with large-scale shell-model calculations in the s1/2d3/2f7/2p3/2 valence space. It is shown that important contributions to the energy differences arise from the multipole Coulomb and the relativistic electromagnetic spin-orbit interactions.

  4. High-spin resonances in heavy-ion collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Betts, R.R.; Saini, S.

    1982-01-01

    Excitation functions for elastic scattering and reactions of /sup 28/Si + /sup 28/Si show evidence for the existence of narrow (GAMMA = 100 to 200 keV) high-spin (J approx. = 40 ..pi..) resonances. The interpretation of these resonances as high-spin fissioning shape isomers is discussed with reference to data for the /sup 28/Si + /sup 30/Si and /sup 30/Si + /sup 30/Si systems.

  5. High energy beam lines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marchetto, M.; Laxdal, R. E.

    2014-01-01

    The ISAC post accelerator comprises an RFQ, DTL and SC-linac. The high energy beam lines connect the linear accelerators as well as deliver the accelerated beams to two different experimental areas. The medium energy beam transport (MEBT) line connects the RFQ to the DTL. The high energy beam transport (HEBT) line connects the DTL to the ISAC-I experimental stations (DRAGON, TUDA-I, GPS). The DTL to superconducting beam (DSB) transport line connects the ISAC-I and ISAC-II linacs. The superconducting energy beam transport (SEBT) line connects the SC linac to the ISAC-II experimental station (TUDA-II, HERACLES, TIGRESS, EMMA and GPS). All these lines have the function of transporting and matching the beams to the downstream sections by manipulating the transverse and longitudinal phase space. They also contain diagnostic devices to measure the beam properties.

  6. An overview of spin physics

    SciTech Connect

    Prescott, C.Y.

    1991-07-01

    Spin physics is playing an increasingly important role in high energy experiments and theory. This review looks at selected topics in high energy spin physics that were discussed at the 9th International Symposium on High Energy Spin Physics at Bonn in September 1990.

  7. Polarized targets in high energy physics

    SciTech Connect

    Cates, G.D. Jr.

    1994-12-01

    Various approaches are discussed for producing polarized nuclear targets for high energy physics experiments. As a unifying theme, examples are drawn from experiments to measure spin dependent structure functions of nucleons in deep inelastic scattering. This single physics goal has, over roughly two decades, been a driving force in advances in target technology. Actual or planned approaches have included solid targets polarized by dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP), several types of internal targets for use in storage rings, and gaseous {sup 3}He targets polarized by spin-exchange optical pumping. This last approach is the type of target adopted for SLAC E-142, an experiment to measure the spin structure function of the neutron, and is described in detail.

  8. The integrated spintronic functionalities of an individual high-spin state spin-crossover molecule between graphene nanoribbon electrodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, L.; Zou, F.; Gao, J. H.; Fu, Y. S.; Gao, G. Y.; Fu, H. H.; Wu, M. H.; Lü, J. T.; Yao, K. L.

    2015-08-01

    The spin-polarized transport properties of a high-spin-state spin-crossover molecular junction with zigzag-edge graphene nanoribbon electrodes have been studied using density functional theory combined with the nonequilibrium Green’s-function formalism. The molecular junction presents integrated spintronic functionalities such as negative differential resistance behavior, spin filter and the spin rectifying effect, associated with the giant magnetoresistance effect by tuning the external magnetic field. Furthermore, the transport properties are almost unaffected by the electrode temperature. The microscopic mechanism of these functionalities is discussed. These results represent a step toward multifunctional molecular spintronic devices on the level of the individual spin-crossover molecule.

  9. Graph's Topology and Free Energy of a Spin Model on the Graph

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Jeong-Mo; Gilson, Amy I.; Shakhnovich, Eugene I.

    2017-02-01

    In this Letter we investigate a direct relationship between a graph's topology and the free energy of a spin system on the graph. We develop a method of separating topological and energetic contributions to the free energy, and find that considering the topology is sufficient to qualitatively compare the free energies of different graph systems at high temperature, even when the energetics are not fully known. This method was applied to the metal lattice system with defects, and we found that it partially explains why point defects are more stable than high-dimensional defects. Given the energetics, we can even quantitatively compare free energies of different graph structures via a closed form of linear graph contributions. The closed form is applied to predict the sequence-space free energy of lattice proteins, which is a key factor determining the designability of a protein structure.

  10. High Energy Astrophysics Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    This report reviews activities performed by members of the USRA (Universities Space Research Association) contract team during the six months during the reporting period (10/95 - 3/96) and projected activities during the coming six months. Activities take place at the Goddard Space Flight Center, within the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics. Developments concern instrumentation, observation, data analysis, and theoretical work in Astrophysics. Missions supported include: Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA), X-ray Timing Experiment (XTE), X-ray Spectrometer (XRS), Astro-E, High Energy Astrophysics Science, Archive Research Center (HEASARC), and others.

  11. High Energy Astrophysics Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    This report reviews activities performed-by members of the USRA contract team during the six months of the reporting period and projected activities during the coming six months. Activities take place at the Goddard Space Flight Center, visiting the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics. Developments concern instrumentation, observation, data analysis, and theoretical work in Astrophysics. Missions supported include: Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA); X-ray Timing Experiment (XTE); X-ray Spectrometer (XRS); Astro-E; High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC), and others.

  12. Puncture Initial Data and Evolution of Black Hole Binaries with High Speed and High Spin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruchlin, Ian

    This dissertation explores numerical models of the orbit, inspiral, and merger phases of black hole binaries. We focus on the astrophysically realistic case of black holes with nearly extremal spins, and on high energy black hole collisions. To study the evolution of such systems, we form puncture initial data by solving the four general relativity constraint equations using pseudospectral methods on a compactified collocation point domain. The solutions to these coupled, nonlinear, elliptic differential equations represent the desired configuration at an initial moment. They are then propagated forward through time using a set of hyperbolic evolution equations with the moving punctures approach in the BSSNOK and CCZ4 formalisms. To generate realistic initial data with reduced spurious gravitational wave content, the background ansatz is taken to be a conformal superposition of Schwarzschild or Kerr spatial metrics. We track the punctures during evolution, measure their horizon properties, extract the gravitational waveforms, and examine the merger remnant. These new initial data are compared with the well known Bowen-York solutions, producing up to an order of magnitude reduction in the initial unphysical gravitational radiation signature. We perform a collision from rest of two black holes with spins near to the extremal value, in a region of parameter space inaccessible to Bowen-York initial data. We simulate nonspinning black holes in quasi-circular orbits, and perform high energy head-on collisions of nonspinning black holes to estimate the magnitude of the radiated gravitational energy in the limit of infinite momentum. We also evolve spinning black holes in quasi-circular orbits with unequal masses and different spin orientations. These models provide insight into the dynamics and signals generated by compact binary systems. This is crucial to our understanding of many astrophysical phenomena, especially to the interpretation of gravitational waves, which

  13. Spin fluctuations and high-temperature superconductivity in cuprates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plakida, Nikolay M.

    2016-12-01

    To describe the cuprate superconductors, models of strongly correlated electronic systems, such as the Hubbard or t - J models, are commonly employed. To study these models, projected (Hubbard) operators have to be used. Due to the unconventional commutation relations for the Hubbard operators, a specific kinematical interaction of electrons with spin and charge fluctuations emerges. The interaction is induced by the intraband hopping with a coupling parameter of the order of the kinetic energy of electrons W which is much larger than the antiferromagnetic exchange interaction J induced by the interband hopping. This review presents a consistent microscopic theory of spin excitations and superconductivity for cuprates where these interactions are taken into account within the Hubbard operator technique. The low-energy spin excitations are considered for the t-J model, while the electronic properties are studied using the two-subband extended Hubbard model where the intersite Coulomb repulsion V and electron-phonon interaction are taken into account.

  14. Low-energy properties of aperiodic quantum spin chains.

    PubMed

    Vieira, André P

    2005-02-25

    We investigate the low-energy properties of antiferromagnetic quantum XXZ spin chains with couplings following two-letter aperiodic sequences, by an adaptation of the Ma-Dasgupta-Hu renormalization-group method. For a given aperiodic sequence, we argue that, in the easy-plane anisotropy regime, intermediate between the XX and Heisenberg limits, the general scaling form of the thermodynamic properties is essentially given by the exactly known XX behavior, providing a classification of the effects of aperiodicity on XXZ chains. As representative illustrations, we present analytical and numerical results for the low-temperature thermodynamics and the ground-state correlations for couplings following the Fibonacci quasiperiodic structure and a binary Rudin-Shapiro sequence, whose geometrical fluctuations are similar to those induced by randomness.

  15. Low-Energy Properties of Aperiodic Quantum Spin Chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vieira, André P.

    2005-02-01

    We investigate the low-energy properties of antiferromagnetic quantum XXZ spin chains with couplings following two-letter aperiodic sequences, by an adaptation of the Ma-Dasgupta-Hu renormalization-group method. For a given aperiodic sequence, we argue that, in the easy-plane anisotropy regime, intermediate between the XX and Heisenberg limits, the general scaling form of the thermodynamic properties is essentially given by the exactly known XX behavior, providing a classification of the effects of aperiodicity on XXZ chains. As representative illustrations, we present analytical and numerical results for the low-temperature thermodynamics and the ground-state correlations for couplings following the Fibonacci quasiperiodic structure and a binary Rudin-Shapiro sequence, whose geometrical fluctuations are similar to those induced by randomness.

  16. Ground-state energies of the nonlinear sigma model and the Heisenberg spin chains

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zhang, Shoucheng; Schulz, H. J.; Ziman, Timothy

    1989-01-01

    A theorem on the O(3) nonlinear sigma model with the topological theta term is proved, which states that the ground-state energy at theta = pi is always higher than the ground-state energy at theta = 0, for the same value of the coupling constant g. Provided that the nonlinear sigma model gives the correct description for the Heisenberg spin chains in the large-s limit, this theorem makes a definite prediction relating the ground-state energies of the half-integer and the integer spin chains. The ground-state energies obtained from the exact Bethe ansatz solution for the spin-1/2 chain and the numerical diagonalization on the spin-1, spin-3/2, and spin-2 chains support this prediction.

  17. Ground-state energies of the nonlinear sigma model and the Heisenberg spin chains

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zhang, Shoucheng; Schulz, H. J.; Ziman, Timothy

    1989-01-01

    A theorem on the O(3) nonlinear sigma model with the topological theta term is proved, which states that the ground-state energy at theta = pi is always higher than the ground-state energy at theta = 0, for the same value of the coupling constant g. Provided that the nonlinear sigma model gives the correct description for the Heisenberg spin chains in the large-s limit, this theorem makes a definite prediction relating the ground-state energies of the half-integer and the integer spin chains. The ground-state energies obtained from the exact Bethe ansatz solution for the spin-1/2 chain and the numerical diagonalization on the spin-1, spin-3/2, and spin-2 chains support this prediction.

  18. Efficiency of free-energy calculations of spin lattices by spectral quantum algorithms

    SciTech Connect

    Master, Cyrus P.; Yamaguchi, Fumiko; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa

    2003-03-01

    Ensemble quantum algorithms are well suited to calculate estimates of the energy spectra for spin-lattice systems. Based on the phase estimation algorithm, these algorithms efficiently estimate discrete Fourier coefficients of the density of states. Their efficiency in calculating the free energy per spin of general spin lattices to bounded error is examined. We find that the number of Fourier components required to bound the error in the free energy due to the broadening of the density of states scales polynomially with the number of spins in the lattice. However, the precision with which the Fourier components must be calculated is found to be an exponential function of the system size.

  19. High Energy Exoplanet Transits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Llama, Joe; Shkolnik, Evgenya L.

    2017-10-01

    X-ray and ultraviolet transits of exoplanets allow us to probe the atmospheres of these worlds. High energy transits have been shown to be deeper but also more variable than in the optical. By simulating exoplanet transits using high-energy observations of the Sun, we can test the limits of our ability to accurately measure the properties of these planets in the presence of stellar activity. We use both disk-resolved images of the Solar disk spanning soft X-rays, the ultraviolet, and the optical and also disk-integrated Sun-as-a-star observations of the Lyα irradiance to simulate transits over a wide wavelength range. We find that for stars with activity levels similar to the Sun, the planet-to-star radius ratio can be overestimated by up to 50% if the planet occults an active region at high energies. We also compare our simulations to high energy transits of WASP-12b, HD 189733, 55 Cnc b, and GJ 436b.

  20. High energy particle astronomy.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buffington, A.; Muller, R. A.; Smith, L. H.; Smoot, G. F.

    1972-01-01

    Discussion of techniques currently used in high energy particle astronomy for measuring charged and neutral cosmic rays and their isotope and momentum distribution. Derived from methods developed for accelerator experiments in particle physics, these techniques help perform important particle astronomy experiments pertaining to nuclear cosmic ray and gamma ray research, electron and position probes, and antimatter searches.

  1. High energy particle astronomy.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buffington, A.; Muller, R. A.; Smith, L. H.; Smoot, G. F.

    1972-01-01

    Discussion of techniques currently used in high energy particle astronomy for measuring charged and neutral cosmic rays and their isotope and momentum distribution. Derived from methods developed for accelerator experiments in particle physics, these techniques help perform important particle astronomy experiments pertaining to nuclear cosmic ray and gamma ray research, electron and position probes, and antimatter searches.

  2. High Energy Astronomy Observatory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    An overview of the High Energy Astronomy Observatory 2 contributions to X-ray astronomy is presented along with a brief description of the satellite and onboard telescope. Observations relating to galaxies and galactic clusters, black holes, supernova remnants, quasars, and cosmology are discussed.

  3. Steps Towards Large Scale Production of High-Spin Hafnium Isomers by Spallation Reactions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-25

    production and accumulation of the nuclear isomer 178m2 Hafnium by spallation of hafnium targets with high-energy protons. The Hafnium yield will be...E.P. SHABALIN , Production of long–lived hafnium isomers in reactor irradiations, High Energy Density Physics 2 (2006) 48; [25] M.B. CHADWICK AND P.G...YOUNG, Calculations of the production cross–sections of high–spin isomeric states in Hafnium , Nuclear Science and Engineering 108 (1991) 117; [26

  4. New high spin states and isomers in the {sup 208}Pb and {sup 207}Pb nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Broda, R.; Wrzesinski, J.; Pawlat, T.

    1996-12-31

    The two most prominent examples of the heavy doubly closed shell (DCS) nuclei, {sup 208}Pb and {sup 132}Sn, are not accessible by conventional heavy-ion fusion processes populating high-spin states. This experimental difficulty obscured for a long time the investigation of yrast high-spin states in both DCS and neighboring nuclei and consequently restricted the study of the shell model in its most attractive regions. Recent technical development of multidetector gamma arrays opened new ways to exploit more complex nuclear processes which populate the nuclei of interest with suitable yields for gamma spectroscopy and involve population of moderately high spin states. This new possibility extended the range of accessible spin values and is a promising way to reach new yrast states. Some of these states are expected to be of high configurational purity and can be a source of important shell model parameters which possibly can be used later to check the validity of the spherical shell model description at yet higher spin and higher excitation energy. The nuclei in the closest vicinity of {sup 132}Sn are produced in spontaneous fission and states with spin values up to I=14 can be reached in fission gamma spectroscopy studies with the presently achieved sensitivity of gamma arrays. New results on yrast states in the {sup 134}Te and {sup 135}I nuclei populated in fission of the {sup 248}Cm presented at this conference illustrate such application of the resolving power offered by modern gamma techniques.

  5. Thermodynamic limit and boundary energy of the su(3) spin chain with non-diagonal boundary fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wen, Fakai; Yang, Tao; Yang, Zhanying; Cao, Junpeng; Hao, Kun; Yang, Wen-Li

    2017-02-01

    We investigate the thermodynamic limit of the su (n)-invariant spin chain models with unparallel boundary fields. It is found that the contribution of the inhomogeneous term in the associated T-Q relation to the ground state energy does vanish in the thermodynamic limit. This fact allows us to calculate the boundary energy of the system. Taking the su (2) (or the XXX) spin chain and the su (3) spin chain as concrete examples, we have studied the corresponding boundary energies of the models. The method used in this paper can be generalized to study the thermodynamic properties and boundary energy of other high rank models with non-diagonal boundary fields.

  6. Theoretical High Energy Physics

    SciTech Connect

    Christ, Norman H.; Weinberg, Erick J.

    2014-07-14

    we provide reports from each of the six faculty supported by the Department of Energy High Energy Physics Theory grant at Columbia University. Each is followed by a bibliography of the references cited. A complete list of all of the publications in the 12/1/2010-04/30/2014 period resulting from research supported by this grant is provided in the following section. The final section lists the Ph.D. dissertations based on research supported by the grant that were submitted during this period.

  7. Inflation in Einstein-Cartan theory with energy-momentum tensor with spin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fennelly, A. J.; Bradas, James C.; Smalley, Larry L.

    1988-01-01

    Generalized, or power-law, inflation is shown to necessarily exist for a simple, anisotropic (Bianchi Type I) cosmology in the Einstein-Cartan gravitational theory with the Ray-Smalley (RS) improved energy-momentum tensor with spin. Formal solution of the EC field equations with the fluid equations of motion explicitly shows inflation caused by the RS spin angular kinetic energy density.

  8. Spin-Multiplet Components and Energy Splittings by Multistate Density Functional Theory.

    PubMed

    Grofe, Adam; Chen, Xin; Liu, Wenjian; Gao, Jiali

    2017-09-15

    Kohn-Sham Density functional theory has been tremendously successful in chemistry and physics. Yet, it is unable to describe the energy degeneracy of spin-multiplet components with any approximate functional. This work features two contributions. (1) We present a multistate density functional theory (MSDFT) to represent spin-multiplet components and to determine multiplet energies. MSDFT is a hybrid approach, taking advantage of both wave function theory and density functional theory. Thus, the wave functions, electron densities and energies for ground and excited states and for different components are treated on the same footing. The method is illustrated on valence excitations of atoms and molecules. (2) Importantly, a key result is that for cases in which the high-spin components can be determined separately by Kohn-Sham density functional theory, the transition density functional in MSDFT (which describes electronic coupling) can be defined rigorously. The numerical results may be explored to design and optimize transition density functionals for configuration coupling in multiconfigurational DFT.

  9. High energy reactor neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raper, Neill

    We present the first measurement of a nonzero reactor neutrino flux with energies above 8 MeV. Measurements are taken with the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiments detectors, using the Guangdong Nuclear Power Station as a source. Disagreement between data and theory regarding rate and shape of reactor neutrino spectra have made the need for direct measurement clear. Data are especially useful at high energies, where far fewer isotopes contribute. Neutrino candidates are correlated to reactor power and reactor power is extrapolated to zero in order to separate neutrino events from background. We find evidence of reactor neutrinos up to ˜12.5 MeV at 1.92 sigma above 0 and include a survey of isotopes likely to be contributing neutrinos in this energy range.

  10. Spin-wave singularities: Free energy and equation of state in O(n) spin models near Tc

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weichman, Peter B.; Kim, Kihong

    1990-12-01

    We give a detailed derivation of the thermodynamics of O(n) spin models, correct to O(ɛ=4-d), using a generalization of the renormalization-group trajectory integral and noncritical matching technique first introduced by Rudnick and Nelson. The results are valid throughout the critical region, both with and without external magnetic field. We especially emphasize the coexistence-curve behavior for spins with a continuous symmetry (n>=2), deriving detailed expressions for the renormalized spin-wave stiffness (superfluid density) and longitudinal susceptibility. We generalize the parametric representation for the equation of state to include spin-wave singularities, yielding corrections to the so-called ``linear model.'' Our expression for the free energy differs in some details from that given previously by Nicoll and Chang, necessitating minor corrections to previous applications to the weakly interacting Bose gas at constant density.

  11. Rashba-Zeeman-effect-induced spin filtering energy windows in a quantum wire

    SciTech Connect

    Xiao, Xianbo Nie, Wenjie; Chen, Zhaoxia; Zhou, Guanghui; Li, Fei

    2014-06-14

    We perform a numerical study on the spin-resolved transport in a quantum wire (QW) under the modulation of both Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and a perpendicular magnetic field by using the developed Usuki transfer-matrix method in combination with the Landauer-Büttiker formalism. Wide spin filtering energy windows can be achieved in this system for unpolarized spin injection. In addition, both the width of energy window and the magnitude of spin conductance within these energy windows can be tuned by varying Rashba SOC strength, which can be apprehended by analyzing the energy dispersions and spin-polarized density distributions inside the QW, respectively. Further study also demonstrates that these Rashba-SOC-controlled spin filtering energy windows show a strong robustness against disorders. These findings may not only benefit to further understand the spin-dependent transport properties of a QW in the presence of external fields but also provide a theoretical instruction to design a spin filter device.

  12. High energy transients

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woosley, S. E.

    1984-01-01

    A meeting was convened on the campus of the University of California at Santa Cruz during the two-week interval July 11 through July 22, 1983. Roughly 100 participants were chosen so as to give broad representation to all aspects of high energy transients. Ten morning review sessions were held in which invited speakers discussed the current status of observations and theory of the above subjects. Afternoon workshops were also held, usually more than one per day, to informally review various technical aspects of transients, confront shortcomings in theoretical models, and to propose productive courses for future research. Special attention was also given to the instrumentation used to study high energy transient and the characteristics and goals of a dedicated space mission to study transients in the next decade were determined. A listing of articles written by various members of the workshop is included.

  13. High energy from space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Margon, Bruce; Canizares, Claude; Catura, Richard C.; Clark, George W.; Fichtel, Carl E.; Friedman, Herbert; Giacconi, Riccardo; Grindlay, Jonathan E.; Helfand, David J.; Holt, Stephen S.

    1991-01-01

    The following subject areas are covered: (1) important scientific problems for high energy astrophysics (stellar activity, the interstellar medium in galaxies, supernovae and endpoints of stellar evolution, nucleosynthesis, relativistic plasmas and matter under extreme conditions, nature of gamma-bursts, identification of black holes, active nuclei, accretion physics, large-scale structures, intracluster medium, nature of dark matter, and the X- and gamma-ray background); (2) the existing experimental programs (Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF), Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO), X-Ray Timing Explorer (XTE), High Energy Transient Experiment (HETE), U.S. participation in foreign missions, and attached Shuttle and Space Station Freedom payloads); (3) major missions for the 1990's; (4) a new program of moderate missions; (5) new opportunities for small missions; (6) technology development issues; and (7) policy issues.

  14. Shape evolution at high spin states in Kr and Br isotopes

    SciTech Connect

    Trivedi, T.; Palit, R.; Naik, Z.; Jain, H. C.; Negi, D.; Kumar, R.; Singh, R. P.; Muralithar, S.; Pancholi, S. C.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Yang, Y.-C.; Sun, Y.; Sheikh, J. A.; Raja, M. K.; Kumar, S.; Choudhury, D.; Jain, A. K.; Mehrotra, I.

    2014-08-14

    The high spin states in A = 75, Kr and Br isotopes have been populated via fusion-evaporation reaction at an incident beam energy of 90 MeV. The de-exciting γ-rays were detected utilizing the Indian National Gamma Array (INGA). Lifetime of these excited high spin states were determined by Doppler-shift attenuation method. Experimental results obtained from lifetime measurement are interpreted in the frame work of projected shell-model to get better insight into the evolution of collectivity. Comparison of the calculations of the model with transitional quadrupole moments Q{sub t} of the positive and negative parity bands firmly established their configurations.

  15. IBFA description of high-spin positive-parity states in Rh isotopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bucurescu, D.; Cǎta, G.; Cutoiu, D.; Constantinescu, G.; Ivascu, M.; Zamfir, N. V.

    1985-09-01

    Properties of the odd-mass Rh isotopes are investigated in the framework of the interacting boson-fermion approximation (IBFA) model in which the odd proton movea in the 1 g{9}/{2} and 2 d{5}/{2} orbitals. Lifetimes of some high-spin positive-parity states in 99Rh obtained by the recoil-distance method with the 88Sr( 14N, 3n) reaction are also reported. Calculated excitation energies and electromagnetic properties of the high-spin positive-parity states are compared with experiment and an acceptable agreement is obtained.

  16. RHIC SPIN FLIPPER

    SciTech Connect

    BAI,M.; ROSER, T.

    2007-06-25

    This paper proposes a new design of spin flipper for RHIC to obtain full spin flip with the spin tune staying at half integer. The traditional technique of using an rf dipole or solenoid as spin flipper to achieve full spin flip in the presence of full Siberian snake requires one to change the snake configuration to move the spin tune away from half integer. This is not practical for an operational high energy polarized proton collider like RHIC where beam lifetime is sensitive to small betatron tune change. The design of the new spin flipper as well as numerical simulations are presented.

  17. Formation and stability of high-spin alkali clusters.

    PubMed

    Schulz, C P; Claas, P; Schumacher, D; Stienkemeier, F

    2004-01-09

    Helium nanodroplet isolation has been applied to agglomerate alkali clusters at temperatures of 380 mK. The very weak binding to the surface of the droplets allows a selection of only weakly bound, high-spin states. Here we show that larger clusters of alkali atoms in high-spin states can be formed. The lack of strong bonds from pairing electrons makes these systems nonmetallic, van der Waals-like complexes of metal atoms. We find that sodium and potassium readily form such clusters containing up to 25 atoms. In contrast, this process is suppressed for rubidium and cesium. Apparently, for these heavy alkalis, larger high-spin aggregates are not stable and depolarize spontaneously upon cluster formation.

  18. Formation and Stability of High-Spin Alkali Clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schulz, C. P.; Claas, P.; Schumacher, D.; Stienkemeier, F.

    2004-01-01

    Helium nanodroplet isolation has been applied to agglomerate alkali clusters at temperatures of 380mK. The very weak binding to the surface of the droplets allows a selection of only weakly bound, high-spin states. Here we show that larger clusters of alkali atoms in high-spin states can be formed. The lack of strong bonds from pairing electrons makes these systems nonmetallic, vanderWaals like complexes of metal atoms. We find that sodium and potassium readily form such clusters containing up to 25atoms. In contrast, this process is suppressed for rubidium and cesium. Apparently, for these heavy alkalis, larger high-spin aggregates are not stable and depolarize spontaneously upon cluster formation.

  19. Applications of highly spin-polarized xenon in NMR

    SciTech Connect

    Long, Henry W.

    1993-09-01

    The main goal of the work presented in this thesis is produce highly spin-polarized xenon to create much greater signal intensities (up to 54,000 times greater) so as to allow studies to be made on systems with low surface area and long spin-lattice relaxation times. The spin-exchange optical pumping technique used to create high nuclear spin polarization is described in detail in chapter two. This technique is initially applied to some multiple-pulse optically detected NMR experiments in low magnetic field (50G) that allow the study of quadrupoler interactions with a surface of only a few square centimeters. In chapter three the apparatus used to allow high field 129Xe NMR studies to be performed with extremely high sensitivity is described and applied to experiments on diamagnetic susceptibility effects in thin (~2000 layers) films of frozen xenon. Preliminary surface investigations of laser polarized 129Xe adsorbed an a variety of materials (salts, molecular crystals, amorphous carbon, graphite) are then discussed. A full detailed study of the surface of a particular polymer, poly(acrylic acid), is presented in chapter four which shows the kind of detailed information that can be obtained from this technique. Along with preliminary results for several similar polymers, a summary is given of xenon studies of a novel ultra-high surface area polymer, poly(triarylcarbinol). Finally in chapter five the exciting possibility of transferring the high spin order of the laser polarized xenon has been used to transfer nuclear spin order to 13CO2 in a xenon matrix and to protons on poly(triarylcarbinol).

  20. Mass-number and excitation-energy dependence of the spin cutoff parameter

    SciTech Connect

    Grimes, S. M.; Voinov, A. V.; Massey, T. N.

    2016-07-12

    Here, the spin cutoff parameter determining the nuclear level density spin distribution ρ(J) is defined through the spin projection as < J2z > 1/2 or equivalently for spherical nuclei, (< J(J+1) >/3)1/2. It is needed to divide the total level density into levels as a function of J. To obtain the total level density at the neutron binding energy from the s-wave resonance count, the spin cutoff parameter is also needed. The spin cutoff parameter has been calculated as a function of excitation energy and mass with a super-conducting Hamiltonian. Calculations have been compared with two commonly used semiempirical formulas. A need for further measurements is also observed. Some complications for deformed nuclei are discussed. The quality of spin cut off parameter data derived from isomeric ratio measurement is examined.

  1. Mass-number and excitation-energy dependence of the spin cutoff parameter

    SciTech Connect

    Grimes, S. M.; Voinov, A. V.; Massey, T. N.

    2016-07-12

    Here, the spin cutoff parameter determining the nuclear level density spin distribution ρ(J) is defined through the spin projection as < J2z > 1/2 or equivalently for spherical nuclei, (< J(J+1) >/3)1/2. It is needed to divide the total level density into levels as a function of J. To obtain the total level density at the neutron binding energy from the s-wave resonance count, the spin cutoff parameter is also needed. The spin cutoff parameter has been calculated as a function of excitation energy and mass with a super-conducting Hamiltonian. Calculations have been compared with two commonly used semiempirical formulas. A need for further measurements is also observed. Some complications for deformed nuclei are discussed. The quality of spin cut off parameter data derived from isomeric ratio measurement is examined.

  2. Mass-number and excitation-energy dependence of the spin cutoff parameter

    DOE PAGES

    Grimes, S. M.; Voinov, A. V.; Massey, T. N.

    2016-07-12

    Here, the spin cutoff parameter determining the nuclear level density spin distribution ρ(J) is defined through the spin projection as < J2z > 1/2 or equivalently for spherical nuclei, (< J(J+1) >/3)1/2. It is needed to divide the total level density into levels as a function of J. To obtain the total level density at the neutron binding energy from the s-wave resonance count, the spin cutoff parameter is also needed. The spin cutoff parameter has been calculated as a function of excitation energy and mass with a super-conducting Hamiltonian. Calculations have been compared with two commonly used semiempirical formulas.more » A need for further measurements is also observed. Some complications for deformed nuclei are discussed. The quality of spin cut off parameter data derived from isomeric ratio measurement is examined.« less

  3. Loss of collectivity in the transitional {sup 156}Er nucleus at high spin

    SciTech Connect

    Paul, E. S.; Rigby, S. V.; Choy, P. T. W.; Evans, A. O.; Nolan, P. J.; Riley, M. A.; Campbell, D. B.; Pipidis, A.; Simpson, J.; Appelbe, D. E.; Joss, D. T.; Clark, R. M.; Cromaz, M.; Fallon, P.; Goergen, A.; Lee, I. Y.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Ward, D.; Ragnarsson, I.

    2009-04-15

    The {sup 114}Cd({sup 48}Ca,6n{gamma}) reaction at 215 MeV has been investigated using the Gammasphere spectrometer to study the high-spin structure of the nucleus {sub 68}{sup 156}Er{sub 88}. Many new transitions have been established along with definitive spin-parity level assignments from a high-fold angular-distribution analysis. In addition, absolute B(M1) and B(E1) strengths have been inferred from measured {gamma}-ray branching ratios. Strong B(E1) strength (10{sup -3} W.u.) is discussed in terms of possible octupole collectivity at low spin. At high spin, this nucleus undergoes a Coriolis-induced shape transition from a prolate state of collective rotation to a noncollective, triaxial-oblate configuration. The yrast positive-parity structure ultimately terminates in an energetically favored oblate state at I{sup {pi}}=42{sup +}. Several weak high-energy {gamma}-ray transitions have been discovered that feed this favored state. State-of-the-art cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations are used to interpret the high-spin behavior of {sup 156}Er and comparisons are made with other N=88 isotones.

  4. Triaxiality and Exotic Rotations at High Spins in 134Ce

    SciTech Connect

    Petrache, C. M.; Garg, U.; Matta, J. T.; Nayak, B. K.; Patel, D.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Kondev, F. G.; Lauritsen, T.; Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S.; Ghugre, S. S.; Palit, R.

    2016-06-06

    High-spin states in Ce-134 have been investigated using the Cd-116(Ne-22,4n) reaction and the Gammasphere array. The level scheme has been extended to an excitation energy of similar to 30 MeV and spin similar to 54 (h) over bar. Two new dipole bands and four new sequences of quadrupole transitions were identified. Several new transitions have been added to a number of known bands. One of the strongly populated dipole bands was revised and placed differently in the level scheme, resolving a discrepancy between experiment and model calculations reported previously. Configurations are assigned to the observed bands based on cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations. A coherent understanding of the various excitations, both at low and high spins, is thus obtained, supporting an interpretation in terms of coexistence of stable triaxial, highly deformed, and superdeformed shapes up to very high spins. Rotations around different axes of the triaxial nucleus, and sudden changes of the rotation axis in specific configurations, are identified, further elucidating the nature of high-spin collective excitations in the A = 130 mass region.

  5. Triaxiality and Exotic Rotations at High Spins in 134Ce

    SciTech Connect

    Petrache, C. M.; Garg, U.; Matta, J. T.; Nayak, B. K.; Patel, D.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Kondev, F. G.; Lauritsen, T.; Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S.; Ghugre, S. S.; Palit, R.

    2016-06-06

    High-spin states in Ce-134 have been investigated using the Cd-116(Ne-22,4n) reaction and the Gammasphere array. The level scheme has been extended to an excitation energy of similar to 30 MeV and spin similar to 54 (h) over bar. Two new dipole bands and four new sequences of quadrupole transitions were identified. Several new transitions have been added to a number of known bands. One of the strongly populated dipole bands was revised and placed differently in the level scheme, resolving a discrepancy between experiment and model calculations reported previously. Configurations are assigned to the observed bands based on cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations. A coherent understanding of the various excitations, both at low and high spins, is thus obtained, supporting an interpretation in terms of coexistence of stable triaxial, highly deformed, and superdeformed shapes up to very high spins. Rotations around different axes of the triaxial nucleus, and sudden changes of the rotation axis in specific configurations, are identified, further elucidating the nature of high-spin collective excitations in the A = 130 mass region.

  6. Unique electron polarimeter analyzing power comparison and precision spin-based energy measurement

    SciTech Connect

    Joseph Grames; Charles Sinclair; Joseph Mitchell; Eugene Chudakov; Howard Fenker; Arne Freyberger; Douglas Higinbotham; B. Poelker; Michael Steigerwald; Michael Tiefenback; Christian Cavata; Stephanie Escoffier; Frederic Marie; Thierry Pussieux; Pascal Vernin; Samuel Danagoulian; Kahanawita Dharmawardane; Renee Fatemi; Kyungseon Joo; Markus Zeier; Viktor Gorbenko; Rakhsha Nasseripour; Brian Raue; Riad Suleiman; Benedikt Zihlmann

    2004-03-01

    Precision measurements of the relative analyzing powers of five electron beam polarimeters, based on Compton, Moller, and Mott scattering, have been performed using the CEBAF accelerator at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Laboratory). A Wien filter in the 100 keV beamline of the injector was used to vary the electron spin orientation exiting the injector. High statistical precision measurements of the scattering asymmetry as a function of the spin orientation were made with each polarimeter. Since each polarimeter receives beam with the same magnitude of polarization, these asymmetry measurements permit a high statistical precision comparison of the relative analyzing powers of the five polarimeters. This is the first time a precise comparison of the analyzing powers of Compton, Moller, and Mott scattering polarimeters has been made. Statistically significant disagreements among the values of the beam polarization calculated from the asymmetry measurements made with each polarimeter reveal either errors in the values of the analyzing power, or failure to correctly include all systematic effects. The measurements reported here represent a first step toward understanding the systematic effects of these electron polarimeters. Such studies are necessary to realize high absolute accuracy (ca. 1%) electron polarization measurements, as required for some parity violation measurements planned at Jefferson Laboratory. Finally, a comparison of the value of the spin orientation exiting the injector that provides maximum longitudinal polarization in each experimental hall leads to an independent and very precise (better than 10-4) absolute measurement of the final electron beam energy.

  7. High energy electron cooling

    SciTech Connect

    Parkhomchuk, V.

    1997-09-01

    High energy electron cooling requires a very cold electron beam. The questions of using electron cooling with and without a magnetic field are presented for discussion at this workshop. The electron cooling method was suggested by G. Budker in the middle sixties. The original idea of the electron cooling was published in 1966. The design activities for the NAP-M project was started in November 1971 and the first run using a proton beam occurred in September 1973. The first experiment with both electron and proton beams was started in May 1974. In this experiment good result was achieved very close to theoretical prediction for a usual two component plasma heat exchange.

  8. Design and commissioning of an aberration-corrected ultrafast spin-polarized low energy electron microscope with multiple electron sources.

    PubMed

    Wan, Weishi; Yu, Lei; Zhu, Lin; Yang, Xiaodong; Wei, Zheng; Liu, Jefferson Zhe; Feng, Jun; Kunze, Kai; Schaff, Oliver; Tromp, Ruud; Tang, Wen-Xin

    2016-12-27

    We describe the design and commissioning of a novel aberration-corrected low energy electron microscope (AC-LEEM). A third magnetic prism array (MPA) is added to the standard AC-LEEM with two prism arrays, allowing the incorporation of an ultrafast spin-polarized electron source alongside the standard cold field emission electron source, without degrading spatial resolution. The high degree of symmetries of the AC-LEEM are utilized while we design the electron optics of the ultrafast spin-polarized electron source, so as to minimize the deleterious effect of time broadening, while maintaining full control of electron spin. A spatial resolution of 2nm and temporal resolution of 10ps (ps) are expected in the future time resolved aberration-corrected spin-polarized LEEM (TR-AC-SPLEEM). The commissioning of the three-prism AC-LEEM has been successfully finished with the cold field emission source, with a spatial resolution below 2nm.

  9. spin pumping occurred under nonlinear spin precession

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Hengan; Fan, Xiaolong; Ma, Li; Zhou, Shiming; Xue, Desheng

    Spin pumping occurs when a pure-spin current is injected into a normal metal thin layer by an adjacent ferromagnetic metal layer undergoing ferromagnetic resonance, which can be understood as the inverse effect of spin torque, and gives access to the physics of magnetization dynamics and damping. An interesting question is that whether spin pumping occurring under nonlinear spin dynamics would differ from linear case. It is known that nonlinear spin dynamics differ distinctly from linear response, a variety of amplitude dependent nonlinear effect would present. It has been found that for spin precession angle above a few degrees, nonlinear damping term would present and dominated the dynamic energy/spin-moment dissipation. Since spin pumping are closely related to the damping process, it is interesting to ask whether the nonlinear damping term could be involved in spin pumping process. We studied the spin pumping effect occurring under nonlinear spin precession. A device which is a Pt/YIG microstrip coupled with coplanar waveguide was used. High power excitation resulted in spin precession entering in a nonlinear regime. Foldover resonance lineshape and nonlinear damping have been observed. Based on those nonlinear effects, we determined the values of the precession cone angles, and the maximum cone angle can reach a values as high as 21.5 degrees. We found that even in nonlinear regime, spin pumping is still linear, which means the nonlinear damping and foldover would not affect spin pumping process.

  10. Prospects at high energies

    SciTech Connect

    Quigg, C.

    1988-11-01

    I discuss some possibilities for neutrino experiments in the fixed-target environment of the SPS, Tevatron, and UNK, with their primary proton beams of 0.4, 0.9, and 3.0 TeV. The emphasis is on unfinished business: issues that have been recognized for some time, but not yet resolved. Then I turn to prospects for proton-proton colliders to explore the 1-TeV scale. I review the motivation for new physics in the neighborhood of 1 TeV and mention some discovery possibilities for high-energy, high-luminosity hadron colliders and the implications they would have for neutrino physics. I raise the possibility of the direct study of neutrino interactions in hadron colliders. I close with a report on the status of the SSC project. 38 refs., 17 figs.

  11. Observation of high-spin oblate band structures in {sup 141}Pm

    SciTech Connect

    Gu, L.; Zhu, S. J.; Wang, J. G.; Yeoh, E. Y.; Xiao, Z. G.; Zhang, M.; Liu, Y.; Ding, H. B.; Xu, Q.; Zhang, S. Q.; Meng, J.; Zhu, L. H.; Wu, X. G.; He, C. Y.; Li, G. S.; Wang, L. L.; Zheng, Y.; Zhang, B.

    2011-06-15

    The high-spin states of {sup 141}Pm have been investigated through the reaction {sup 126}Te({sup 19}F,4n) at a beam energy of 90 MeV. A previous level scheme has been updated with spins up to 49/2({h_bar}/2{pi}). Six collective bands at high spins are newly observed. Based on the systematic comparison, one band is proposed as a decoupled band; two bands with strong {Delta}I=1 M1 transitions inside the bands are suggested as the oblate bands with {gamma} {approx}-60 deg.; three other bands with large signature splitting have been proposed with the oblate-triaxial deformation with {gamma}{approx} -90 deg. The triaxial n-particle-n-hole particle rotor model calculations for one of the oblate bands in {sup 141}Pm are in good agreement with the experimental data. The other characteristics for these bands have been discussed.

  12. The surface magnetization study of Cr2O3 by spin polarized low energy electron microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Shi; Wu, Ning; Zhang, Xin; N'diaye, Alpha; Chen, Gong; Schmid, Andreas; Echtenkamp, Will; Lauter, Valeria; Binek, Christian; Dowben, Peter

    2014-03-01

    The boundary magnetization at the surface of a Cr2O3 single crystal has been demonstrated by using spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy (SPLEEM), indicating net surface spin polarization. This work shows that the placement of Cr2O3 single crystal in the single domain state, will result in net Cr2O3 spin polarization at the boundary, even in the presence of a gold overlayer. There are indications that the spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy (SPLEEM) contrast for the two polarizations states is different. In addition, the boundary magnetization protected by the symmetry exists despite of the surface roughness/softness which was studied by the non-spin neutron reflectometry and low energy electron diffraction. Unoccupied surface oxygen sites and chromium sites are possible mechanism contributing to the surface ``softness,'' which will be discussed.

  13. Observations of high spin states in {sup 179}Au

    SciTech Connect

    Carpenter, M.P.; Ahmad, I.; Blumenthal, D.J.

    1995-08-01

    As part of a current study on the properties of the {pi} i{sub 13/2} intruder state in the A = 175-190 region, we conducted an experiment at ATLAS to observe high spin states in {sup 179}Au utilizing the reaction {sup 144}Sm({sup 40}Ar,p4n) at beam energies of 207 MeV and 215 MeV. To aid in the identification of {sup 179}Au, and to filter out the large amount of events from fission by-products, the Fragment Mass Analyzer was utilized in conjunction with ten Compton-suppression germanium detectors. In total, 11 x 10{sup 6} {gamma}-{gamma} and 4 x 10{sup 5} {gamma}-recoil events were collected. By comparing {gamma}-rays in coincidence with an A = 179 recoil mass gate and {gamma}-rays in coincidence with Au K{alpha} and K{beta} X-rays, ten {gamma}-rays were identified as belonging to {sup 179}Au. Based on {gamma}-ray coincidence relationships and on comparisons with neighboring odd-A Au nuclei, we constructed a tentative level scheme and assigned a rotational-like sequence to the {pi} i{sub 13/2} proton configuration.

  14. High-spin level scheme of doubly odd 128I

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ding, B.; Wang, H. X.; Jiang, H.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhou, X. H.; Zhao, Y. M.; Wang, S. T.; Liu, M. L.; Li, G. S.; Zheng, Y.; Zhang, N. T.; Zhou, H. B.; Ma, Y. J.; Sasakiz, Y.; Yamada, K.; Ohshima, H.; Yokose, S.; Ishizuka, M.; Komatsubara, T.; Furuno, K.

    2012-09-01

    High-spin states in the odd-odd 128I have been studied experimentally using the 124Sn(7Li, 3nγ)128I reaction at beam energies of 28 and 32 MeV. A level scheme built on the known T1/2=175 ns, (6-) isomer has been established. The low-lying states in the level scheme have been proposed to be associated with the πd5/2⊗νh11/2 and πg7/2⊗νh11/2 two-quasiparticle excitations. The strongly populated negative-parity states, forming a bandlike structure, have been assigned to be based on the πg7/2⊗νh11/2 configuration. The πh11/2⊗νh11/2 multiplet 9+, 10+, and 11+ members have been identified according to the systematics of the corresponding level structures observed in the lighter odd-odd iodine isotopes. The two-quasiparticle configuration assignments are supported by the nucleon pair approximation and empirical shell-model calculations.

  15. A new high-spin isomer in 195Bi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roy, T.; Mukherjee, G.; Madhavan, N.; Rana, T. K.; Bhattacharya, Soumik; Asgar, Md. A.; Bala, I.; Basu, K.; Bhattacharjee, S. S.; Bhattacharya, C.; Bhattacharya, S.; Bhattacharyya, S.; Gehlot, J.; Ghugre, S. S.; Gurjar, R. K.; Jhingan, A.; Kumar, R.; Muralithar, S.; Nath, S.; Pai, H.; Palit, R.; Raut, R.; Singh, R. P.; Sinha, A. K.; Varughese, T.

    2015-11-01

    A new high-spin isomer has been identified in 195Bi at the focal plane of the HYbrid Recoil mass Analyser (HYRA) used in the gas-filled mode. The fusion evaporation reactions 169Tm (30Si, x n) 193, 195Bi were used with the beam energies on targets of 168 and 146MeV for 6n and 4n channels, respectively. The evaporation residues, separated from the fission fragments, and their decays were detected at the focal plane of HYRA using MWPC, Si-Pad and clover HPGe detectors. The half-life of the new isomer in 195Bi has been measured to be 1.6(1)μs. The configuration of the new isomer has been proposed and compared with the other isomers in this region. The Total Routhian Surface (TRS) calculations for the three-quasiparticle configurations corresponding to the new isomer suggest an oblate deformation for this isomeric state. The same calculations for different configurations in 195Bi and for the even-even 194Pb core indicate that the proton i 13/2 orbital has a large shape driving effect towards oblate shape in these nuclei.

  16. Study of High Spin States in ^192Au

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gurdal, G.; Beausang, C. W.; Balabanski, D.; Novak, J. R.; Hecht, A. A.; Caprio, M.; Cooper, J. R.; Krücken, R.; Casten, R. F.; Zamfir, N. V.; Berant, Z.; Barton, C. J.; Pietralla, N.; Erduran, M. N.; Akkus, B.; Erturk, S.; Yigitoglu, I.; Oktem, Y.; Hartley, D. J.; Gjongolov, M.; Goon, J.

    2001-10-01

    Doubly odd nuclei in the A ~190 mass region are predicted to be good candidates to search for evidence of chiral symmetry breaking. Indeed evidence for a pair of chiral twin bands has recently been reported in ^188Ir [1]. To search for additional examples of this phenomenon we studied the high spin structures in the neighboring nuclei. ^192Au and ^190Ir were populated using the ^186W(^11B,5n) and ^186W(^11B,α3n) reactions at a beam energy of 68 MeV. Gamma-ray coincidence measurements were performed using the YRAST Ball at WNSL, Yale University. Analysis is in progress and preliminary results will be presented. This work is supported by the U.S. D.O.E under Grant Numbers DE-FG02-91ER-40609, DE-FG02-88ER-40417, DE-FG02-96ER-40983 and by the DFG under Grant Number Pi 393/1-1 and by the Research Fund of The University of Istanbul under Grant Number 1582/19032001 . [1] D. Balabanski et al, to be published.

  17. Ultra-High Spin Spectroscopy In Er Nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Simpson, J.

    2008-11-11

    The discoveries observed in the ongoing conflict between collective and single-particle nuclear behaviour with increasing angular momentum have driven the field of nuclear spectroscopy for many decades and have given rise to new nuclear phenomena. Recently a new frontier of {gamma} spectroscopy at ultra-high spin has been opened in the rare-earth region with rotational bands that bypass the classic band-terminating states that appear at spin 45({Dirac_h}/2{pi}) in the N 90 Er nuclei. These weakly populated rotational structures have characteristics of triaxial strongly-deformed bands. Such structures have been observed in {sup 157,158,160}Er, following a series of experiments using the Gammasphere spectrometer. These observations herald a return to collective excitations at spins of about 50 to 65({Dirac_h}/2{pi}). This talk reviews the status of the spectroscopy and understanding of the observed structures in these Er and neighbouring nuclei.

  18. Lifetimes of high-spin states in {sup 162}Yb

    SciTech Connect

    Carpenter, M.P.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Henry, R.G.

    1995-08-01

    A measurement on lifetimes of high-spin states in the yrast and near-yrast rotational bands in {sup 162}Yb was carried out at ATLAS in order to determine the evolution of collectivity as a function of angular momentum using the {sup 126}Te({sup 40}Ar,4n){sup 162}Yb reaction at 170 MeV. Previous lifetime measurements in the {sup 164,166,168}Yb isotopes showed a dramatic decrease in the transition quadrupole moment Q{sub t} with increasing spin. It was suggested that this decrease in Q{sub t} is brought about by the rotationally-induced deoccupation of high-j configurations, mainly i{sub 13/2} neutrons. If this interpretation is correct, the heavier isotopes should have a larger decrease in Q{sub t} than the lighter mass nuclides due to the position of the Fermi surface in the i{sub 13/2} subshell. Indeed, {sup 160}Yb does not show a clear decrease in Q{sub t} at high spin. No high spin lifetime information exists for {sup 162}Yb, thus this experiment fills the gap of measured Q{sub t}`s in the light Yb series. The data is currently being analyzed.

  19. High-spin states in110Cd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Juutinen, S.; Julin, R.; Ahonen, P.; Fahlander, C.; Hattula, J.; Kumpulainen, J.; Lampinen, A.; Lönnroth, T.; Müller, D.; Nyberg, J.; Pakkanen, A.; Piiparinen, M.; Thorslund, I.; Törmänen, S.; Virtanen, A.

    1990-12-01

    Levels of110Cd have been investigated via the96Zr(18O,4n)110Cd reaction by employing the NORD-BALL array of 17 Compton- suppressed Ge detectors. The yrast band has been observed up to I=28 ħ and 14.2 MeV excitation energy with band crossing at ħωc=0.35 MeV. At least three side bands have been constructed. The negative parity bands experience band crossings at ħωc ≈ 0.45 MeV.

  20. High-energy kink in high-temperature superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Peter; Valla, Tonica; Kidd, Tim; Yin, W. G.; Gu, Genda; Pan, Z.-H.; Fedorov, Alexei

    2007-03-01

    Photoemission studies show the presence of a high energy anomaly in the observed band dispersion for two families of cuprate superconductors, Bi2Sr2CaCu2O4+δand La2-xBaxCuO4. The anomaly, which occurs at a binding energy of approximately 340 meV, is found to be doping and momentum independent. The magnitude of the effect is momentum dependent. Scattering from short range or nearest neighbour spin excitations is found to supply an adequate description of the observed phenomena.

  1. High Efficiency Spin Flipper for the n3He Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayes, Christopher; n3He Collaboration

    2015-10-01

    The n3He experiment, constructed on the Fundamental Neutron Physics Beamline (FnPB) at the Spallation Neutron Source, is designed to measure the parity violating (PV) proton asymmetry Ap in the capture reaction n +3 He -->3 H + p + 765 keV The asymmetry has an estimated value Ap ~ - 1 ×10-7 and is directly related to the weak isospin conserved couplings hρ0 and ωρ0 which are of fundamental interest in the verification of the meson exchange model of low energy NN intereactions. Data production for the n3He experiment began in February 2015 and is scheduled to continue thru December 2015 - reaching a statistical sensitivity δAp ~10-8 or better. I will discuss the spin flipper which is designed using the theory of double cosine-theta coils, and capable of flipping neutron spins with an efficiency approaching its maximum value ɛsf = 1 . I will also discuss the theory of Spin Magnetic Resonance (SMR) and how it is employed by the spin flipper to flip 60 Hz pulses of cold neutrons over a range of wavelengths.

  2. Black hole monster in a spin releases energy!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2001-11-01

    the black hole itself is rotating. According to the team, one model fits the XMM-Newton data well. It corresponds to a theory proposed over 25 years ago by two Cambridge University astronomers. Roger Blandford and Roman Znajek had suggested that rotational energy could escape from a black hole when it is in a strong magnetic field which exerts a braking effect. This theory fits the physical laws of thermodynamics which state that energy released should be absorbed by the surrounding gas. "We have probably seen this electric dynamo effect for the very first time. Energy is being extracted from the black hole's spin and is conveyed into the innermost parts of the accretion disc, making it hotter and brighter in X-rays," says Jörn Wilms. Co-investigator Dr. Christopher Reynolds at the University of Maryland and other American members of the team contributed greatly to the theoretical interpretation of the data. "Never before have we seen energy extracted from black holes. We always see energy going in, not out," says Reynolds, who performed much of the analysis whilst at the University of Colorado. Other scientists involved in this work are James Reeves of Leicester University, United Kingdom, and Silvano Molendi of the Instituto di Fisica Cosmica "G. Occhialini", Milan, Italy. The team's conclusion that a magnetodynamic process is involved is already provoking intense debate. "We recognise that more observations are required to confirm our work," says Jörn Wilms. "But there is no disputing the presence of this exceptionally strong iron line in the spectrum of MCG-6-30-15. It is extremely puzzling and an explanation must be found." One thing is sure: only a couple of years ago, before operations with the European X-ray observatory began, no one would have dared propose such interpretations. Sufficiently detailed spectra of the kind today provided by XMM-Newton were just not available. REFERENCE "XMM-EPIC observation of MCG-6-30-15: Direct evidence for the extraction of

  3. High Energy Astrophysics Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, Nicholas E.; Ormes, Jonathan F. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    The nature of gravity and its relationship to the other three forces and to quantum theory is one of the major challenges facing us as we begin the new century. In order to make progress we must challenge the current theories by observing the effects of gravity under the most extreme conditions possible. Black holes represent one extreme, where the laws of physics as we understand them break down. The Universe as whole is another extreme, where its evolution and fate is dominated by the gravitational influence of dark matter and the nature of the Cosmological constant. The early universe represents a third extreme, where it is thought that gravity may somehow be unified with the other forces. NASA's "Cosmic Journeys" program is part of a NASA/NSF/DoE tri-agency initiative designed to observe the extremes of gravity throughout the universe. This program will probe the nature of black holes, ultimately obtaining a direct image of the event horizon. It will investigate the large scale structure of the Universe to constrain the location and nature of dark matter and the nature of the cosmological constant. Finally it will search for and study the highest energy processes, that approach those found in the early universe. I will outline the High Energy Astrophysics part of this program.

  4. High Energy Astrophysics Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, Nicholas E.; Ormes, Jonathan F. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    The nature of gravity and its relationship to the other three forces and to quantum theory is one of the major challenges facing us as we begin the new century. In order to make progress we must challenge the current theories by observing the effects of gravity under the most extreme conditions possible. Black holes represent one extreme, where the laws of physics as we understand them break down. The Universe as whole is another extreme, where its evolution and fate is dominated by the gravitational influence of dark matter and the nature of the Cosmological constant. The early universe represents a third extreme, where it is thought that gravity may somehow be unified with the other forces. NASA's "Cosmic Journeys" program is part of a NASA/NSF/DoE tri-agency initiative designed to observe the extremes of gravity throughout the universe. This program will probe the nature of black holes, ultimately obtaining a direct image of the event horizon. It will investigate the large scale structure of the Universe to constrain the location and nature of dark matter and the nature of the cosmological constant. Finally it will search for and study the highest energy processes, that approach those found in the early universe. I will outline the High Energy Astrophysics part of this program.

  5. High energy physics

    SciTech Connect

    Kernan, A.; Shen, B.C.; Ma, E.

    1997-07-01

    This proposal is for the continuation of the High Energy Physics program at the University of California at Riverside. In hadron collider physics the authors will complete their transition from experiment UA1 at CERN to the DZERO experiment at Fermilab. On experiment UA1 their effort will concentrate on data analysis at Riverside. At Fermilab they will coordinate the high voltage system for all detector elements. They will also carry out hardware/software development for the D0 muon detector. The TPC/Two-Gamma experiment has completed its present phase of data-taking after accumulating 160 pb{sup {minus}}1 of luminosity. The UC Riverside group will continue data and physics analysis and make minor hardware improvement for the high luminosity run. The UC Riverside group is participating in design and implementation of the data acquisition system for the OPAL experiment at LEP. Mechanical and electronics construction of the OPAL hadron calorimeter strip readout system is proceeding on schedule. Data analysis and Monte Carlo detector simulation efforts are proceeding in preparation for the first physics run when IEP operation comenses in fall 1989.

  6. Mildly Recycled Pulsars at High-Energies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pellizzoni, A.

    2011-08-01

    Mildly recyled pulsars (MRP), conventionally defined as neutron star having spin period in the 20-100 ms range and surface magnetic field <1011 Gauss, probably rise from binary systems (disrupted or not) with an intermediate or an high mass companion. Despite their relatively low spin-down energies compared to the ``fully'' recycled millisecond pulsars (arising from common low mass X-ray binaries), nearby MRPs can be detected by deep X-ray observations and by timing analysis of the very long data span provided by gamma-ray space detectors. The discovery of peculiar timing and spectral properties, possibly transitional, of the MRPs can be of the utmost importance to link different classes of neutron stars and study their evolution.

  7. Electron magnetic resonance data on high-spin Mn(III; S=2) ions in porphyrinic and salen complexes modeled by microscopic spin Hamiltonian approach.

    PubMed

    Tadyszak, Krzysztof; Rudowicz, Czesław; Ohta, Hitoshi; Sakurai, Takahiro

    2017-10-01

    The spin Hamiltonian (SH) parameters experimentally determined by EMR (EPR) may be corroborated or otherwise using various theoretical modeling approaches. To this end semiempirical modeling is carried out for high-spin (S=2) manganese (III) 3d(4) ions in complex of tetraphenylporphyrinato manganese (III) chloride (MnTPPCl). This modeling utilizes the microscopic spin Hamiltonians (MSH) approach developed for the 3d(4) and 3d(6) ions with spin S=2 at orthorhombic and tetragonal symmetry sites in crystals, which exhibit an orbital singlet ground state. Calculations of the zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters and the Zeeman electronic (Ze) factors (g||=gz, g⊥=gx=gy) are carried out for wide ranges of values of the microscopic parameters using the MSH/VBA package. This enables to examine the dependence of the theoretically determined ZFS parameters bk(q) (in the Stevens notation) and the Zeeman factors gi on the spin-orbit (λ), spin-spin (ρ) coupling constant, and the ligand-field energy levels (Δi) within the (5)D multiplet. The results are presented in suitable tables and graphs. The values of λ, ρ, and Δi best describing Mn(III) ions in MnTPPCl are determined by matching the theoretical second-rank ZFSP b2(0)(D) parameter and the experimental one. The fourth-rank ZFS parameters (b4(0), b4(4)) and the ρ (spin-spin)-related contributions, which have been omitted in previous studies, are considered for the first time here and are found important. Semiempirical modeling results are compared with those obtained recently by the density functional theory (DFT) and/or ab initio methods. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Low-Energy Charge and Spin Dynamics in Quantum Confined Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rice, William D.

    Condensed matter systems exhibit a variety of dynamical phenomena at low energy scales, from gigahertz (GHz) to terahertz (THz) frequencies in particular, arising from complex interplay between charge, spin, and lattice. A large number of collective and elementary excitations in solids occur in this frequency range, which are further modified and enriched by scattering, interactions, and disorder. Recent advancements in spectroscopic methods for probing low-energy dynamics allow us to investigate novel aspects of charge and spin dynamics in solids. In this dissertation work, we used direct current (DC) conductivity, GHz, THz, and mid-infrared (MIR) techniques to provide significant new insights into interaction and disorder effects in low-dimensional systems. Specifically, we have studied temperature-dependent magnetoresistance (MR) and electron spin resonance (ESR) in single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), intra-exciton scattering in InGaAs quantum wells, and high-field MIR-induced band gaps in graphene. Temperature-dependent resistance and MR were measured in an ensemble of SWCNTs from 0.3 to 350 K. The resistance temperature behavior followed a 3D variable range hopping (VRH) behavior from 0.3 to ˜100 K. A positive MR was observed at temperatures above 25 K and could be fit with a spin-dependent VRH model; negative MR was seen at low temperatures. In the GHz regime, the ESR linewidth for SWCNTs was observed to narrow by as much as 50% as the temperature was increased from 3 to 300 K, a phenomenon known as motional narrowing, suggesting that we are detecting the ESR of hopping spins. From the linewidth change versus temperature, we find the hopping frequency to be 285 GHz. For excitons in InGaAs quantum wells, we demonstrate the manipulation of intra-excitonic populations using intense, narrow-band THz pulses. The THz radiation temporarily quenches the 1s emission, which is then followed by an enhancement and subsequent decay of 2s emission. After the quenching

  9. High-spin states and shell structure of the odd-odd nucleus {sup 90}Nb

    SciTech Connect

    Cui, X.Z.; Zhang, Z.L.; Meng, R.; Yang, C.X.; Zhu, L.H.; Wu, X.G.; Wang, Z.M.; He, C.Y.; Li, G.S.; Wen, S.X.; Ma, R.G.; Liu, Y.; Luo, P.; Zheng, Y.; Ndontchueng, M.M.; Huo, J.D.

    2005-10-01

    The high-spin states of the odd-odd nucleus {sup 90}Nb have been investigated with in-beam {gamma}-spectroscopic techniques via the {sup 76}Ge({sup 19}F,5n){sup 90}Nb reaction at a beam energy of 80 MeV. {gamma}-{gamma} coincidences were measured using a {gamma}-ray detector array. Twenty new {gamma} rays have been assigned to {sup 90}Nb and the level scheme has been extended up to an excitation energy of 8.095 MeV at spin 18({Dirac_h}/2{pi}). The level structure of {sup 90}Nb at high spin states has been well reproduced using semiempirical shell-model calculations in the model space {pi}(1p{sub 1/2},0f{sub 5/2},0g{sub 9/2}){nu}(0g{sub 9/2}). The results show that the excitation of protons plays an important role in generating the high-spin states of {sup 90}Nb.

  10. High-Energy Symmetries of String Theory.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Jen-Chi

    1990-01-01

    We study the high-energy symmetry structure of string theory corresponding to the massive excitations of the string. These enlarged gauge symmetries are closely related to the existence of zero-norm states in the string spectrum. We have derived these symmetries in the framework of the Hamiltonian version of the first-quantized generalized sigma-model formalism. It is conjectured that these infinite space-time symmetry structures could shed light on the finiteness of string perturbation theory. Two interesting phenomena were discovered for these massive states symmetries. One is the inter-"spin" symmetry for the different "spin" states at each fixed mass level. Specifically, the four physical propagating states with "spins" up to six of the second massive level of the closed bosonic string are found to form a large gauge multiplet. This is demonstrated by the existence of gauge transformations induced by the type II zero-norm states at this mass level. It is argued that this is a sigma-model three loop result for the second massive level and is a general feature for higher massive levels at each fixed mass. The other one is the decoupling of some degenerate positive-norm states. As an example, we explicitly demonstrate that the "spin" two and scalar physical propagating fields of the third massive level of the open bosonic string are mere gauge artifacts of the higher "spin" fields at the same mass level. It is conjectured that this phenomenon comes from the well -known ambiguity in defining the positive-norm states due to the existence of zero-norm states in the same Young representation. The conditions to preserve worldsheet superconformal symmetry for the Heterotic string on a flat background are also discussed. The Schwinger terms and the associated anomalous seagull terms of the super-Virasoro algebra are calculated directly from the Lorentz and super-Weyl anomalies using the (1,0) superspace formalism.

  11. Dry spinning approach to continuous graphene fibers with high toughness.

    PubMed

    Tian, Qishi; Xu, Zhen; Liu, Yingjun; Fang, Bo; Peng, Li; Xi, Jiabin; Li, Zheng; Gao, Chao

    2017-08-31

    Graphene fiber (GF) has emerged as a new carbonaceous fiber species since graphene-based liquid crystals were discovered. The growing performances of GFs in terms of their mechanical performance and their functionalities have assured their extensive applications in structural materials and functional textiles. To date, many spinning strategies utilizing coagulation baths have been applied in GF, which necessitates a complicated washing process. Dry spinning is a more convenient and green method for use with fibers in the chemical fiber industry, and should be a good option for GFs; however, this technique has never been used in a system of GF. In this research, first the dry spinning technique was used to fabricate continuous GFs and the dry spun GFs showed good toughness and flexibility. The dry spinnability of graphene oxide liquid crystals was achieved by choosing dispersive solvents with low surface tension and high volatility. The dry spun neat GFs possessed high toughness up to 19.12 MJ m(-3), outperforming the wet spun neat GFs. This dry spinning methodology facilitates the green fabrication of fibers of graphene and graphene-beyond two-dimensional nanomaterials, and it may also be extended to other printing technologies for complex graphene architectures.

  12. Observing bulk diamond spin coherence in high-purity nanodiamonds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knowles, Helena S.; Kara, Dhiren M.; Atatüre, Mete

    2014-01-01

    Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres in diamond are attractive for research straddling quantum information science, nanoscale magnetometry and thermometry. Whereas ultrapure bulk diamond NVs sustain the longest spin coherence times among optically accessible spins, nanodiamond NVs exhibit persistently poor spin coherence. Here we introduce high-purity nanodiamonds accommodating record-long NV coherence times, >60 μs, observed through universal dynamical decoupling. We show that the main contribution to decoherence comes from nearby nitrogen impurities rather than surface states. We protect the NV spin free precession, essential to d.c. magnetometry, by driving solely these impurities into the motional narrowing regime. This extends the NV free induction decay time from 440 ns, longer than that in type Ib bulk diamond, to 1.27 μs, which is comparable to that in type IIa (impurity-free) diamond. These properties allow the simultaneous exploitation of both high sensitivity and nanometre resolution in diamond-based emergent quantum technologies.

  13. Spin-polarization energies of 3d impurities in metals and alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoshino, T.; Zeller, R.; Dederichs, P. H.; Asada, T.

    1996-05-01

    The spin-polarization energies (SPEs) of 3d impurities in metals are calculated systematically using the impurity LSD-KKR-Green's function method. We show the importance of magnetism for two kinds of experimental results: (1) the interaction energies of 3d impurities with an In-PAC probe in Ag and Pd; and (2) the effect of environment for Mn spin-flip in NiMn and NiMnFe alloys.

  14. FSU High Energy Physics

    SciTech Connect

    Prosper, Harrison B.; Adams, Todd; Askew, Andrew; Berg, Bernd; Blessing, Susan K.; Okui, Takemichi; Owens, Joseph F.; Reina, Laura; Wahl, Horst D.

    2014-12-01

    The High Energy Physics group at Florida State University (FSU), which was established in 1958, is engaged in the study of the fundamental constituents of matter and the laws by which they interact. The group comprises theoretical and experimental physicists, who sometimes collaborate on projects of mutual interest. The report highlights the main recent achievements of the group. Significant, recent, achievements of the group’s theoretical physicists include progress in making precise predictions in the theory of the Higgs boson and its associated processes, and in the theoretical understanding of mathematical quantities called parton distribution functions that are related to the structure of composite particles such as the proton. These functions are needed to compare data from particle collisions, such as the proton-proton collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), with theoretical predictions. The report also describes the progress in providing analogous functions for heavy nuclei, which find application in neutrino physics. The report highlights progress in understanding quantum field theory on a lattice of points in space and time (an area of study called lattice field theory), the progress in constructing several theories of potential new physics that can be tested at the LHC, and interesting new ideas in the theory of the inflationary expansion of the very early universe. The focus of the experimental physicists is the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at CERN. The report, however, also includes results from the D0 experiment at Fermilab to which the group made numerous contributions over a period of many years. The experimental group is particularly interested in looking for new physics at the LHC that may provide the necessary insight to extend the standard model (SM) of particle physics. Indeed, the search for new physics is the primary task of contemporary particle physics, one motivated by the need to explain certain facts, such as the

  15. Kondo effect and spin quenching in high-spin molecules on metal substrates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacob, D.; Soriano, M.; Palacios, J. J.

    2013-10-01

    Using a state-of-the art combination of density functional theory and impurity solver techniques, we present a complete and parameter-free picture of the Kondo effect in the high-spin (S=3/2) coordination complex known as manganese phthalocyanine adsorbed on the Pb(111) surface. We calculate the correlated electronic structure and corresponding tunnel spectrum and find an asymmetric Kondo resonance, as recently observed in experiments. Contrary to previous claims, the Kondo resonance stems from only one of three possible Kondo channels with origin in the Mn 3d orbitals, its peculiar asymmetric shape arising from the modulation of the hybridization due to a strong coupling to the organic ligand. The spectral signature of the second Kondo channel is strongly suppressed as the screening occurs via the formation of a many-body singlet with the organic part of the molecule. Finally, a spin-1/2 in the 3d shell remains completely unscreened due to the lack of hybridization of the corresponding orbital with the substrate, hence leading to a spin-3/2 underscreened Kondo effect.

  16. Persistent nonequilibrium dynamics of the thermal energies in the spin and phonon systems of an antiferromagnet

    PubMed Central

    von Reppert, A.; Pudell, J.; Koc, A.; Reinhardt, M.; Leitenberger, W.; Dumesnil, K.; Zamponi, F.; Bargheer, M.

    2016-01-01

    We present a temperature and fluence dependent Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction study of a laser-heated antiferromagnetic dysprosium thin film. The loss of antiferromagnetic order is evidenced by a pronounced lattice contraction. We devise a method to determine the energy flow between the phonon and spin system from calibrated Bragg peak positions in thermal equilibrium. Reestablishing the magnetic order is much slower than the cooling of the lattice, especially around the Néel temperature. Despite the pronounced magnetostriction, the transfer of energy from the spin system to the phonons in Dy is slow after the spin-order is lost. PMID:27679803

  17. Persistent nonequilibrium dynamics of the thermal energies in the spin and phonon systems of an antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    von Reppert, A; Pudell, J; Koc, A; Reinhardt, M; Leitenberger, W; Dumesnil, K; Zamponi, F; Bargheer, M

    2016-09-01

    We present a temperature and fluence dependent Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction study of a laser-heated antiferromagnetic dysprosium thin film. The loss of antiferromagnetic order is evidenced by a pronounced lattice contraction. We devise a method to determine the energy flow between the phonon and spin system from calibrated Bragg peak positions in thermal equilibrium. Reestablishing the magnetic order is much slower than the cooling of the lattice, especially around the Néel temperature. Despite the pronounced magnetostriction, the transfer of energy from the spin system to the phonons in Dy is slow after the spin-order is lost.

  18. Evaluation of Energy-Sink Stability Criteria for Dual-Spin Spacecraft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-01

    of Dual-Spin Spacecraft," Journal of Spacecro•f and Rockets, Vol. 4, No. 12, Dec. 1967, pp . 1638-1643. 3Mingori, D. L., "Effects of Energy...Dissipation on the Attitude Stability of Dual-Spin Satellites," AIAA Journal, Vol. 7, 1969, pp . 20-27. 4Ross, I. M., "Nutational Stability and Core Energy of a...Acquisition from an Arbitrary Spinning or Tumbling State," Journal of Guidance and Control, Vol. 4, No. 2, Mar.-Apr. 1981, pp . 164-170. 6Hughes, P. C

  19. Energy levels and exchange interactions of spin clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belorizky, E.

    1993-02-01

    We first describe a simple method for diagonalizing the isotropic exchange Hamiltonian of a cluster of N spins in the most general case where all the exchange constants are different. The technique, based on the rotation invariance of the system, leads to a considerable reduction of the total matrix. Simple expressions of the magnetization and susceptibility are provided and an example of the determination of the exchange constants of a complex with five Cu^{2+} ions is given. It is also shown that for a large variety of spin configurations occuring in metal complexes, it is possible to diagonalize the dominant isotropic exchange spin hamiltonian in a straightforward way by using recoupling techniques. This allows to solve problems up to a nine spin cluster with spins having different g values. This survey is pursued by the theoretical approach of the magnetic properties of interacting spins on a finite ring with a detailed study of an oligonuclear metal nitroxide complex formed by six Mn^{2+}(S = 5/2) and six free radicals (s = 1/2). The temperature behaviour of the susceptibility is interpreted with a semi-classical model of a cyclic alternate finite chain. Finally we give a procedure for determining the three exchange constants of three spin 1/2 coupled by isotropic exchange constants in the unsolved case where these constants are all dilferent. Nous décrivons d'abord une méthode simple pour diagonaliser l'Hamiltonien d'échange isotrope d'un cluster de N spins dans le cas le plus général où toutes les constantes d'échange sont différentes. La technique, basée sur l'invariance rotationnelle du système, conduit à une réduction considérable de la matrice totale. On donne des expressions simples de l'aimantation et de la susceptibilité et la méthode est appliquée à la détermination des interactions d'échange d'un complexe comprenant cinq ions Cu^{2+}. On montre également que pour une assez grande variété de configurations de spins pr

  20. Spin Polarization in High Density Quark Matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bohr, Henrik; Panda, Prafulla K.; Providência, Constança; da Providência, João

    2013-04-01

    We investigate the occurrence of a ferromagnetic phase transition in high density hadronic matter (e.g., in the interior of a neutron star). This could be induced by a four-fermion interaction analogous to the one which is responsible for chiral symmetry breaking in the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model, to which it is related through a Fierz transformation. Flavor SU(2) and flavor SU(3) quark matter are considered. A second-order phase transition is predicted at densities about 5 times the normal nuclear matter density. It is also found that in flavor SU(3) quark matter, a first-order transition from the so-called 2 flavor super-conducting phase to the ferromagnetic phase arises. The color-flavor-locked phase may be completely hidden by the FP.

  1. A high-efficiency spin-resolved photoemission spectrometer combining time-of-flight spectroscopy with exchange-scattering polarimetry

    SciTech Connect

    Jozwiak, Chris M.; Graff, Jeff; Lebedev, Gennadi; Andresen, Nord; Schmid, Andreas; Fedorov, Alexei; El Gabaly, Farid; Wan, Weishi; Lanzara, Alessandra; Hussain, Zahid

    2010-04-13

    We describe a spin-resolved electron spectrometer capable of uniquely efficient and high energy resolution measurements. Spin analysis is obtained through polarimetry based on low-energy exchange scattering from a ferromagnetic thin-film target. This approach can achieve a similar analyzing power (Sherman function) as state-of-the-art Mott scattering polarimeters, but with as much as 100 times improved efficiency due to increased reflectivity. Performance is further enhanced by integrating the polarimeter into a time-of-flight (TOF) based energy analysis scheme with a precise and flexible electrostatic lens system. The parallel acquisition of a range of electron kinetic energies afforded by the TOF approach results in an order of magnitude (or more) increase in efficiency compared to hemispherical analyzers. The lens system additionally features a 90 degrees bandpass filter, which by removing unwanted parts of the photoelectron distribution allows the TOF technique to be performed at low electron drift energy and high energy resolution within a wide range of experimental parameters. The spectrometer is ideally suited for high-resolution spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (spin-ARPES), and initial results are shown. The TOF approach makes the spectrometer especially ideal for time-resolved spin-ARPES experiments.

  2. Spin-current phenomena at high magnetic fields and high temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uchida, Ken-Ichi

    In the field of spintronics, many experimental and theoretical studies have been focused on spin-transport phenomena in paramagnet/ferromagnet junction systems, where a spin current plays a central role. After the first demonstration of spin transport in insulator-based systems, a Pt/YIG junction system becomes one of the prototype samples. In this system, itinerant spins in Pt and localized magnetic moments in YIG interact with each other via the interface s-d interaction, i.e., the spin-mixing conductance; this interaction is the basic mechanism underlying various spin-current-related phenomena, such as the spin pumping, the spin Seebeck effect, and the recently-discovered spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR). In this talk, we report the observation of the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE) and the SMR in Pt/YIG systems at high magnetic fields and high temperatures. The LSSE measurements in a high magnetic field range confirm that the observed voltage in the Pt/YIG systems is of magnon origin, providing a useful way to distinguish the LSSE from the anomalous Nernst effect induced by proximity ferromagnetism in Pt. The LSSE and SMR at high temperatures highlight the importance of the temperature dependence of the spin-mixing conductance at the Pt/YIG interface. These results will be helpful for obtaining full understanding of the mechanism of the LSSE and SMR. We thank E. Saitoh, S. Maekawa, G. E. W. Bauer, H. Adachi, Y. Ohnuma, T. Kikkawa, S. Daimon, Y. Shiomi, and J. Shiomi for their support and valuable discussions.

  3. Symmetry-adapted perturbation theory utilizing density functional description of monomers for high-spin open-shell complexes.

    PubMed

    Zuchowski, Piotr S; Podeszwa, Rafał; Moszyński, Robert; Jeziorski, Bogumił; Szalewicz, Krzysztof

    2008-08-28

    We present an implementation of symmetry-adapted perturbation theory (SAPT) to interactions of high-spin open-shell monomers forming high-spin dimers. The monomer spin-orbitals used in the expressions for the electrostatic and exchange contributions to the interaction energy are obtained from density functional theory using a spin-restricted formulation of the open-shell Kohn-Sham (ROKS) method. The dispersion and induction energies are expressed through the density-density response functions predicted by the time-dependent ROKS theory. The method was applied to several systems: NH...He, CN...Ne, H2O...HO2, and NH...NH. It provides accuracy comparable to that of the best previously available methods such as the open-shell coupled-cluster method with single, double, and noniterative triple excitations, RCCSD(T), with a significantly reduced computational cost.

  4. Competing decay modes of a high-spin isomer in the proton-unbound nucleus ¹⁵⁸Ta*

    SciTech Connect

    Carroll, R. J.; Page, R. D.; Joss, D. T.; Uusitalo, J.; Darby, I. G.; Andgren, K.; Cederwall, B.; Eeckhaudt, S.; Grahn, T.; Gray-Jones, C.; Greenlees, P. T.; Hadinia, B.; Jones, P. M.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Leino, M.; Leppänen, A. -P.; Nyman, M.; O'Donnell, D.; Pakarinen, J.; Rahkila, P.; Sandzelius, M.; Sarén, J.; Scholey, C.; Seweryniak, D.; Simpson, J.

    2015-01-01

    An isomeric state at high spin and excitation energy was recently observed in the proton-unbound nucleus 158Ta. This state was observed to decay by both α and γ decay modes. The large spin change required to decay via γ-ray emission incurs a lifetime long enough for α decay to compete. The α decay has an energy of 8644(11) keV, which is among the highest observed in the region, a partial half-life of 440(70) μs and changes the spin by 11ℏ. In this study, additional evidence supporting the assignment of this α decay to the high-spin isomer in 158Ta will be presented.

  5. Competing decay modes of a high-spin isomer in the proton-unbound nucleus ¹⁵⁸Ta*

    DOE PAGES

    Carroll, R. J.; Page, R. D.; Joss, D. T.; ...

    2015-01-01

    An isomeric state at high spin and excitation energy was recently observed in the proton-unbound nucleus 158Ta. This state was observed to decay by both α and γ decay modes. The large spin change required to decay via γ-ray emission incurs a lifetime long enough for α decay to compete. The α decay has an energy of 8644(11) keV, which is among the highest observed in the region, a partial half-life of 440(70) μs and changes the spin by 11ℏ. In this study, additional evidence supporting the assignment of this α decay to the high-spin isomer in 158Ta will bemore » presented.« less

  6. Spin-on-carbon-hardmask with high wiggling resistance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Someya, Yasunobu; Shinjo, Tetsuya; Hashimoto, Keisuke; Nishimaki, Hirokazu; Karasawa, Ryo; Sakamoto, Rikimaru; Matsumoto, Takashi

    2012-03-01

    For the mass production of the advanced semiconductor device, the multi-layer process has been used for the essential technique {photoresist/ silicon contained hard mask (Si-HM)/ spin-on-carbon-hardmask (SOC)}. Spin -on-Carbon material plays a very important role during the etching process of substrates. The substrate etching process induces severe pattern deformations (called wiggling) especially with fine line/space patterns. Therefore, both the high etching resistances and the high wiggling resistance are demanded for SOC materials. In this study, we investigated the etching performances with several SOC materials. We found that the relationships between SOC properties and the resistance for wiggling generation. We will discuss the material design of novel SOC for high wiggling resistance.

  7. High energy physics

    SciTech Connect

    Kernan, A.; Shen, B.C.; Ma, E.

    1997-07-01

    This proposal is for the continuation of the High Energy Physics Program at the University of California, Riverside. In 1990, we will concentrate on analysis of LEP data from the OPAL detector. We expect to record 10{sup 5} Z`s by the end of 1989 and 10{sup 6} in 1990. This data will be used to measure the number of quark-lepton families in the universe. In the second half of 1990 we will also be occupied with the installation of the D-Zero detector in the Tevatron Collider and the preparation of software for the 1991 run. A new initiative made possible by generous university support is a laboratory for detector development at UCR. The focus will be on silicon strip tracking detectors both for the D-Zero upgrade and for SSC physics. The theory program will pursue further various mass-generating radiative mechanisms for understanding small quark and lepton masses as well as some novel phenomenological aspects of supersymmetry.

  8. Energy dependence of hadron polarization in e+e-→h X at high energies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Kai-bao; Yang, Wei-hua; Zhou, Ya-jin; Liang, Zuo-tang

    2017-02-01

    The longitudinal polarization of a hyperon in e+e- annihilation at high energies depends on the longitudinal polarization of the quark produced at the e+e- annihilation vertex, whereas the spin alignment of vector mesons is independent of it. They exhibit very different energy dependences. We use the longitudinal polarization of the Lambda hyperon and the spin alignment of K* as representative examples to present numerical results of energy dependences and demonstrate such distinct differences. We present the results at the leading twist with perturbative QCD evolutions of fragmentation functions at the leading order.

  9. Unconventional normal-state spin dynamics in underdoped high-Tc cuprates as a fingerprint of spiral correlations of localized spins and dual localized/itinerant nature of spin fluctuations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Onufrieva, F.

    2017-03-01

    The paper is motivated by the observation of unusual and not well understood spin dynamics in low- and moderately doped high-Tc cuprates as well as by the discovery in these materials of a static incommensurate order for doping exceeding the insulator-metal boundary in the phase diagram. We develop a microscopic approach that allows us to treat accurately the quantum fluctuations in the spiral state developing upon doping the Mott-Neel insulator. We show that the spiral order of localized spins induces an off-diagonal order of mobile charges and a gap Δ ∝|Q | in their spectrum (Q is the spiral incommensurability wave vector defined with respect to QAF). Due to the dynamic spin-charge interaction the latter gap produces a feedback effect consisting in the appearence of a gap in the coherent spin excitation spectrum. As a result, the characteristic energy ωc=Δ appears, in the spin excitation spectra. It separates two components with qualitatively different behavior-above ωc, spin excitations are magnonlike and have an upward dispersion, below it, they are of the relaxation type and have a slight downward dispersion. The form of the dispersion is close to the form observed experimentally (by inelastic neutron scattering), which can be characterized as OPEN-hour-glass shaped or Y -shaped. There is no qualitative difference between the spin dynamics in the normal and SC states as far as doping is relatively low. There is no resonance. Other important features, including the incommensurability and uniaxial anisotropy of the low-energy spin excitations and the doping dependencies of the characteristic energy and wave vectors, are also close to those observed experimentally in low-doped cuprates. We show that the static spiral state becomes unstable at the critical doping nc. We show also that adopting the hypothesis about the presence of finite-energy spiral correlations in the paramagnetic state above nc and based on the results obtained for the static spiral state

  10. High Energy Density Capacitors

    SciTech Connect

    2010-07-01

    BEEST Project: Recapping is developing a capacitor that could rival the energy storage potential and price of today’s best EV batteries. When power is needed, the capacitor rapidly releases its stored energy, similar to lightning being discharged from a cloud. Capacitors are an ideal substitute for batteries if their energy storage capacity can be improved. Recapping is addressing storage capacity by experimenting with the material that separates the positive and negative electrodes of its capacitors. These separators could significantly improve the energy density of electrochemical devices.

  11. Electron ejection by He + ion impact at rare-gas films: Energy- and spin-resolved studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kontur, F. J.; Lancaster, J. C.; Dunning, F. B.

    2007-05-01

    The electron ejection processes operative when He+ ions with energies in the range 10-500 eV impact adsorbed rare-gas layers are examined both by analyzing the energy distribution of electrons ejected from the surface and by use of spin-labeling techniques, specifically the use of electron-spin-polarized He+ ions coupled with measurement of the ejected electron polarization. The data for xenon films indicate that at low ion energies electron ejection is associated primarily with an Auger neutralization process similar to that seen at clean high-work-function metal surfaces. At the higher ion energies, however, kinetic ejection becomes important and provides an increasing contribution to the total electron yield. For krypton films kinetic ejection is the dominant ejection mechanism although a small signal associated with Auger neutralization is also seen. In the case of argon only kinetic ejection occurs.

  12. Bonding with parallel spins: high-spin clusters of monovalent metal atoms.

    PubMed

    Danovich, David; Shaik, Sason

    2014-02-18

    Bonding is a glue of chemical matter and is also a useful concept for designing new molecules. Despite the fact that electron pairing remains the bonding mechanism in the great majority of molecules, in the past few decades scientists have had a growing interest in discovering novel bonding motifs. As this Account shows, monovalent metallic atoms having exclusively parallel spins, such as (11)Li10, (11)Au10, and (11)Cu10, can nevertheless form strongly bound clusters, without having even one traditional bond due to electron pairing. These clusters, which also can be made chiral, have high magnetic moments. We refer to this type as no-pair ferromagnetic (NPFM) bonding, which characterizes the (n+1)Mn clusters, which were all predicted by theoretical computations. The small NPFM alkali clusters that have been "synthesized" to date, using cold-atom techniques, support the computational predictions. In this Account, we describe the origins of NPFM bonding using a valence bond (VB) analysis, which shows that this bonding motif arises from bound triplet electron pairs that spread over all the close neighbors of a given atom in the cluster. The bound triplet pair owes its stabilization to the resonance energy provided by the mixing of the local ionic configurations, [(3)M(↑↑)(-)]M(+) and M(+)[(3)M(↑↑)(-)], and the various excited covalent configurations (involving pz and dz(2) atomic orbitals) into the repulsive covalent structure (3)(M↑↑M) with the s(1)s(1) electronic configuration. The NPFM bond of the bound triplet is described by a resonating wave function with "in-out" and "out-in" pointing hybrids. The VB model accounts for the tendency of NPFM clusters to assume polyhedral shapes with rather high symmetry. In addition, this model explains the very steep rise of the bonding energy per atom (De/n), which starts out small in the (3)M2 dimer (<1 kcal/mol) and reaches 12-19 kcal/mol for clusters with 10 atoms. The model further predicts that usage of

  13. Equation-of-motion coupled cluster method for high spin double electron attachment calculations

    SciTech Connect

    Musiał, Monika Lupa, Łukasz; Kucharski, Stanisław A.

    2014-03-21

    The new formulation of the equation-of-motion (EOM) coupled cluster (CC) approach applicable to the calculations of the double electron attachment (DEA) states for the high spin components is proposed. The new EOM equations are derived for the high spin triplet and quintet states. In both cases the new equations are easier to solve but the substantial simplification is observed in the case of quintets. Out of 21 diagrammatic terms contributing to the standard DEA-EOM-CCSDT equations for the R{sub 2} and R{sub 3} amplitudes only four terms survive contributing to the R{sub 3} part. The implemented method has been applied to the calculations of the excited states (singlets, triplets, and quintets) energies of the carbon and silicon atoms and potential energy curves for selected states of the Na{sub 2} (triplets) and B{sub 2} (quintets) molecules.

  14. Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, surface anisotropy energy, and spin pumping at spin orbit coupled Ir/Co interface

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Nam-Hui; Jung, Jinyong; Cho, Jaehun; Han, Dong-Soo; Yin, Yuxiang; Kim, June-Seo Swagten, Henk J. M.; You, Chun-Yeol

    2016-04-04

    The interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (iDMI), surface anisotropy energy, and spin pumping at the Ir/Co interface are experimentally investigated by performing Brillouin light scattering. Contrary to previous reports, we suggest that the sign of the iDMI at the Ir/Co interface is the same as in the case of the Pt/Co interface. We also find that the magnitude of the iDMI energy density is relatively smaller than in the case of the Pt/Co interface, despite the large strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) of Ir. The saturation magnetization and the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) energy are significantly improved due to a strong SOC. Our findings suggest that an SOC in an Ir/Co system behaves in different ways for iDMI and PMA. Finally, we determine the spin pumping effect at the Ir/Co interface, and it increases the Gilbert damping constant from 0.012 to 0.024 for 1.5 nm-thick Co.

  15. Possible enhancements of AFM spin-fluctuations in high-TC cuprates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarlborg, Thomas

    2009-03-01

    Ab-initio band calculations for high-TC cuprates, together with modelling based of a free electron like band, show a strong interaction between anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) spin waves and periodic lattice distortions as for phonons, even though this type of spin-phonon coupling (SPC) is underestimated in calculations using the local density approximation. The SPC has a direct influence on the properties of the HTC cuprates and it can explain many observations. The strongest effects are seen for modulated waves in the CuO bond direction, and a band gap is formed near the X,Y points, but unusal band dispersion (like ``waterfalls'') might also be induced below the Fermi energy (EF) in the diagonal direction. The band results are used to propose different ways of increasing AFM spin-fluctuations locally, and to have a higher density-of-states (DOS) at EF. Static potential modulations, via periodic distribution of dopants or lattice distortions, can be tuned to increase the DOS. This opens for possibilities to enhance coupling for spin fluctuations (λsf) and superconductivity. The exchange enhancement is in general increased near a surface, which suggests a tendency towards static spin configurations. The sensivity of the band results to corrections of the local density potential are discussed.

  16. Lifetime measurement of high spin states in (75) Kr

    SciTech Connect

    Sheikh, Javid; Trivedi, T.; Maurya, K.; Mehrotra, I.; Palit, R.; Naik, Z.; Jain, H. C.; Negi, D.; Mahanto, G.; Kumar, R.; Singh, R.P.; Muralithar, S.; Pancholi, S.C.; Bhowmik, R.K.; Yang, Y-C; Sun, Y.; Dahl, A.; Raju, M.K.; Appannababu, S.; Kumar, S.; Choudhury, D.; Jain, A. K.

    2010-01-01

    The lifetimes of high spin states of {sup 75}Kr have been determined via {sup 50}Cr ({sup 28}Si, 2pn) {sup 75}Kr reaction in positive parity band using the Doppler-shift attenuation method. The transition quadrupole moments Q deduced from lifetime measurements have been compared with {sup 75}Br. Experimental results obtained from lifetime measurement are interpreted in the framework of projected shell model.

  17. High-resolution three-dimensional spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectrometer using vacuum ultraviolet laser light

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yaji, Koichiro; Harasawa, Ayumi; Kuroda, Kenta; Toyohisa, Sogen; Nakayama, Mitsuhiro; Ishida, Yukiaki; Fukushima, Akiko; Watanabe, Shuntaro; Chen, Chuangtian; Komori, Fumio; Shin, Shik

    2016-05-01

    We describe a spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (SARPES) apparatus with a vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) laser (hν = 6.994 eV) developed at the Laser and Synchrotron Research Center at the Institute for Solid State Physics, The University of Tokyo. The spectrometer consists of a hemispherical photoelectron analyzer equipped with an electron deflector function and twin very-low-energy-electron-diffraction-type spin detectors, which allows us to analyze the spin vector of a photoelectron three-dimensionally with both high energy and angular resolutions. The combination of the high-performance spectrometer and the high-photon-flux VUV laser can achieve an energy resolution of 1.7 meV for SARPES. We demonstrate that the present laser-SARPES machine realizes a quick SARPES on the spin-split band structure of a Bi(111) film even with 7 meV energy and 0.7∘ angular resolutions along the entrance-slit direction. This laser-SARPES machine is applicable to the investigation of spin-dependent electronic states on an energy scale of a few meV.

  18. High-resolution three-dimensional spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectrometer using vacuum ultraviolet laser light

    SciTech Connect

    Yaji, Koichiro Harasawa, Ayumi; Kuroda, Kenta; Toyohisa, Sogen; Nakayama, Mitsuhiro; Ishida, Yukiaki; Fukushima, Akiko; Komori, Fumio; Shin, Shik; Watanabe, Shuntaro; Chen, Chuangtian

    2016-05-15

    We describe a spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (SARPES) apparatus with a vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) laser (hν = 6.994 eV) developed at the Laser and Synchrotron Research Center at the Institute for Solid State Physics, The University of Tokyo. The spectrometer consists of a hemispherical photoelectron analyzer equipped with an electron deflector function and twin very-low-energy-electron-diffraction-type spin detectors, which allows us to analyze the spin vector of a photoelectron three-dimensionally with both high energy and angular resolutions. The combination of the high-performance spectrometer and the high-photon-flux VUV laser can achieve an energy resolution of 1.7 meV for SARPES. We demonstrate that the present laser-SARPES machine realizes a quick SARPES on the spin-split band structure of a Bi(111) film even with 7 meV energy and 0.7{sup ∘} angular resolutions along the entrance-slit direction. This laser-SARPES machine is applicable to the investigation of spin-dependent electronic states on an energy scale of a few meV.

  19. High Energy Colliders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palmer, R. B.; Gallardo, J. C.

    INTRODUCTION PHYSICS CONSIDERATIONS GENERAL REQUIRED LUMINOSITY FOR LEPTON COLLIDERS THE EFFECTIVE PHYSICS ENERGIES OF HADRON COLLIDERS HADRON-HADRON MACHINES LUMINOSITY SIZE AND COST CIRCULAR e^{+}e^- MACHINES LUMINOSITY SIZE AND COST e^{+}e^- LINEAR COLLIDERS LUMINOSITY CONVENTIONAL RF SUPERCONDUCTING RF AT HIGHER ENERGIES γ - γ COLLIDERS μ ^{+} μ^- COLLIDERS ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES DESIGN STUDIES STATUS AND REQUIRED R AND D COMPARISION OF MACHINES CONCLUSIONS DISCUSSION

  20. High-mobility ultrathin semiconducting films prepared by spin coating.

    PubMed

    Mitzi, David B; Kosbar, Laura L; Murray, Conal E; Copel, Matthew; Afzali, Ali

    2004-03-18

    The ability to deposit and tailor reliable semiconducting films (with a particular recent emphasis on ultrathin systems) is indispensable for contemporary solid-state electronics. The search for thin-film semiconductors that provide simultaneously high carrier mobility and convenient solution-based deposition is also an important research direction, with the resulting expectations of new technologies (such as flexible or wearable computers, large-area high-resolution displays and electronic paper) and lower-cost device fabrication. Here we demonstrate a technique for spin coating ultrathin (approximately 50 A), crystalline and continuous metal chalcogenide films, based on the low-temperature decomposition of highly soluble hydrazinium precursors. We fabricate thin-film field-effect transistors (TFTs) based on semiconducting SnS(2-x)Se(x) films, which exhibit n-type transport, large current densities (>10(5) A cm(-2)) and mobilities greater than 10 cm2 V(-1) s(-1)--an order of magnitude higher than previously reported values for spin-coated semiconductors. The spin-coating technique is expected to be applicable to a range of metal chalcogenides, particularly those based on main group metals, as well as for the fabrication of a variety of thin-film-based devices (for example, solar cells, thermoelectrics and memory devices).

  1. High-mobility ultrathin semiconducting films prepared by spin coating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitzi, David B.; Kosbar, Laura L.; Murray, Conal E.; Copel, Matthew; Afzali, Ali

    2004-03-01

    The ability to deposit and tailor reliable semiconducting films (with a particular recent emphasis on ultrathin systems) is indispensable for contemporary solid-state electronics. The search for thin-film semiconductors that provide simultaneously high carrier mobility and convenient solution-based deposition is also an important research direction, with the resulting expectations of new technologies (such as flexible or wearable computers, large-area high-resolution displays and electronic paper) and lower-cost device fabrication. Here we demonstrate a technique for spin coating ultrathin (~50Å), crystalline and continuous metal chalcogenide films, based on the low-temperature decomposition of highly soluble hydrazinium precursors. We fabricate thin-film field-effect transistors (TFTs) based on semiconducting SnS2-xSex films, which exhibit n-type transport, large current densities (>105Acm-2) and mobilities greater than 10cm2V-1s-1-an order of magnitude higher than previously reported values for spin-coated semiconductors. The spin-coating technique is expected to be applicable to a range of metal chalcogenides, particularly those based on main group metals, as well as for the fabrication of a variety of thin-film-based devices (for example, solar cells, thermoelectrics and memory devices).

  2. Control of spin ambiguity during reorientation of an energy dissipating body

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaplan, M. H.; Cenker, R. J.

    1973-01-01

    A quasi-rigid body initially spinning about its minor principal axis and experiencing energy dissipation will enter a tumbling mode and eventually reorient itself such that stable spin about its major principal axis is achieved. However, in this final state the body may be spinning in a positive or negative sense with respect to its major axis and aligned in a positive or negative sense with the inertially fixed angular momentum vector. This ambiguity can be controlled only through an active system. The associated dynamical formulations and simulations of uncontrolled reorientations are presented. Three control schemes are discussed and results offered for specific examples. These schemes include displacement of internal masses, spinning up of internal inertia, and reaction jets, all of which have demonstrated the ability to control spin ambiguity.

  3. A new architecture for high spin organics based on Baird's rule of 4n electron triplet aromatics.

    PubMed

    Mauksch, Michael; Tsogoeva, Svetlana B

    2017-02-08

    Due to the absence of open subshells (unlike transition metal compounds), stable high spin organic molecules are rare and are mostly limited to states of low multiplicity. As an alternative to high multiplicity polyradicals and polycarbenes, with their small energetic separation of different spin isomers, it is demonstrated that Baird's rule of 4n electron aromaticity in the triplet electronic state allows, in principle, the design of polycyclic high spin organics with high spin multiplicity in the electronic ground state and a large energetic separation for other spin states. Energy spacing between spin isomers is dictated here by the aromaticity or antiaromaticity of individual cycles (taking into account all π electrons), rather than by a spin Hamiltonian alone (accounting only for unpaired spin electrons). As a proof of concept, dyads of the cyclopentadienyl cation (which has been reported to possess a triplet ground state) have been computationally found to possess a quintet electronic ground state with two ferromagnetically coupled Baird aromatic rings (with SCF-GIAO NICS(0) = -4.6 and -4.4, respectively; "NICS" is "nucleus independent chemical shift") at the CASMP2(8,10)/6-311G*//CASSCF(8,10)/6-311G* level, which is 48.3 kcal mol(-1) lower in energy than the C2 open shell singlet with two antiaromatic rings (with NICS = +17.4), and 19.7 kcal mol(-1) below the triplet which has one aromatic and one antiaromatic ring, with NICS = -4.8 and +45.0, respectively. Triads of the cyclopentadienyl cation in linear and branched topologies are also proposed to be ground states of maximum spin multiplicity by computations at the DFT and CCSD(T)/6-31G//UB3LYP/6-311G* levels.

  4. Comparison of density functionals for energy and structural differences between the high- [5T2g: (t2g)4(eg)2] and low- [1A1g: (t2g)6(eg)0] spin states of the hexaquoferrous cation [Fe(H2O)6]2+.

    PubMed

    Fouqueau, Antony; Mer, Sébastien; Casida, Mark E; Lawson Daku, Latevi Max; Hauser, Andreas; Mineva, Tsonka; Neese, Frank

    2004-05-22

    A comparison of density functionals is made for the calculation of energy and geometry differences for the high- [(5)T(2g): (t(2g))(4)(e(g))(2)] and low- [(1)A(1g): (t(2g))(6)(e(g))(0)] spin states of the hexaquoferrous cation [Fe(H(2)O)(6)](2+). Since very little experimental results are available (except for crystal structures involving the cation in its high-spin state), the primary comparison is with our own complete active-space self-consistent field (CASSCF), second-order perturbation theory-corrected complete active-space self-consistent field (CASPT2), and spectroscopy-oriented configuration interaction (SORCI) calculations. We find that generalized gradient approximations (GGAs) and the B3LYP hybrid functional provide geometries in good agreement with experiment and with our CASSCF calculations provided sufficiently extended basis sets are used (i.e., polarization functions on the iron and polarization and diffuse functions on the water molecules). In contrast, CASPT2 calculations of the low-spin-high-spin energy difference DeltaE(LH)=E(LS)-E(HS) appear to be significantly overestimated due to basis set limitations in the sense that the energy difference of the atomic asymptotes ((5)D-->(1)I excitation of Fe(2+)) are overestimated by about 3000 cm(-1). An empirical shift of the molecular DeltaE(LH) based upon atomic calculations provides a best estimate of 12 000-13 000 cm(-1). Our unshifted SORCI result is 13 300 cm(-1), consistent with previous comparisons between SORCI and experimental excitation energies which suggest that no such empirical shift is needed in conjunction with this method. In contrast, after estimation of incomplete basis set effects, GGAs with one exception underestimate this value by 3000-4000 cm(-1) while the B3LYP functional underestimates it by only about 1000 cm(-1). The exception is the GGA functional RPBE which appears to perform as well as or better than the B3LYP functional for the properties studied here. In order to obtain a

  5. Energy- and momentum-resolved exchange and spin-orbit interaction in cobalt film by spin-polarized two-electron spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Samarin, S; Artamonov, O M; Sergeant, A D; Stamps, R; Williams, J F

    2006-09-01

    Spontaneous ordering of electronic spins in ferromagnetic materials is one of the best known and most studied examples of quantum correlations. Exchange correlations are responsible for long range spin order and the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) can create preferred crystalline directions for the spins, i.e., magnetic anisotropy. Presented experimental data illustrate how novel spin-polarized two-electron spectroscopy in-reflection mode allows observation of the localization of spin-dependent interactions in energy-momentum space. Comparison of spin-orbit asymmetries in spectra of Co film and clean W(110) may indicate the presence of interface specific proximity effects providing important clues to the formation of preferred orientations for the magnetic moment of the Co film. These results may help to understand the microscopic origin of interface magnetic anisotropy.

  6. Bismuthene on a SiC substrate: A candidate for a high-temperature quantum spin Hall material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reis, F.; Li, G.; Dudy, L.; Bauernfeind, M.; Glass, S.; Hanke, W.; Thomale, R.; Schäfer, J.; Claessen, R.

    2017-07-01

    Quantum spin Hall materials hold the promise of revolutionary devices with dissipationless spin currents but have required cryogenic temperatures owing to small energy gaps. Here we show theoretically that a room-temperature regime with a large energy gap may be achievable within a paradigm that exploits the atomic spin-orbit coupling. The concept is based on a substrate-supported monolayer of a high-atomic number element and is experimentally realized as a bismuth honeycomb lattice on top of the insulating silicon carbide substrate SiC(0001). Using scanning tunneling spectroscopy, we detect a gap of ~0.8 electron volt and conductive edge states consistent with theory. Our combined theoretical and experimental results demonstrate a concept for a quantum spin Hall wide-gap scenario, where the chemical potential resides in the global system gap, ensuring robust edge conductance.

  7. (High energy physics)

    SciTech Connect

    Bonner, B.E.; Roberts, J.B. Jr.

    1991-09-01

    An intense analysis effort on the data we obtained in a seven month run on E704 last year has produced a flood of new results on polarization effects in particle production at 200 GeV/c. We are fortunate to be able to report in detail on those results. Our other Fermilab experiment, E683 (photoproduction of jets) has been delayed an unbelievable amount of time by Fermilab schedule slippages. It was scheduled and ready for beam two years ago As this report is being written, we have been running for two months and are expecting four months of production data taking. In this report we show some of our preliminary results. In addition we are near the end of a six month run on our CERN experiment, NA47 (SMC) which will measure the spin dependent structure functions for the proton and neutron. It is with a sense of relief, mixed with pride, that we report that all the equipment which we constructed for that experiment is currently working as designed. The random coincidence of accelerator schedules has left us slightly dazed, but all experiments are getting done and analyzed in a timely fashion. As members of the Solenoidal Detector Collaboration, we have been preparing for the only currently approved experiment at the SSC. Here we report on our scintillating fiber tracker design and simulation activities. In addition we report the results of our investigation of the detector response to heavy Z particles. Since our last report, we have joined the D0 collaboration with the primary aim of contributing to the D0 upgrade over the next few years. It is also important for us to gain experience in collider physics during the period leading up to the SDC turn-on.

  8. High Frequency QPOs due to Black Hole Spin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kazanas, Demos; Fukumura, K.

    2009-01-01

    We present detailed computations of photon orbits emitted by flares at the innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO) of accretion disks around rotating black holes. We show that for sufficiently large spin parameter, i.e. a > 0.94 M, flare a sufficient number of photons arrive at an observer after multiple orbits around the black hole, to produce an "photon echo" of constant lag, i.e. independent of the relative phase between the black hole and the observer, of T approximates 14 M. This constant time delay, then, leads to a power spectrum with a QPO at a frequency nu approximates 1/14M, even for a totally random ensemble of such flares. Observation of such a QPO will provide incontrovertible evidence for the high spin of the black hole and a very accurate, independent, measurement of its mass.

  9. High-spin study of rotational structures in 72 Br

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Leary, C. D.; Wadsworth, R.; Fallon, P.; Svensson, C. E.; Ragnarsson, I.; Appelbe, D. E.; Austin, R. A.; Ball, G. C.; Cameron, J. A.; Carpenter, M. P.; Clark, R. M.; Cromaz, M.; Deleplanque, M. A.; Diamond, R. M.; Hodgson, D. F.; Janssens, R. V.; Jenkins, D. G.; Kelsall, N. S.; Lane, G. J.; Lister, C. J.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Sarantites, D.; Stephens, F. S.; Seweryniak, D.; Vetter, K.; Waddington, J. C.; Ward, D.

    2004-03-01

    High-spin states in 72 35 Br 37 were studied using the 40 Ca ( 36 Ar ,3pn ) reaction. The existing level scheme has been significantly modified and extended. Evidence has been found for a spin reassignment of -1ℏ to the previously observed negative-parity band, which carries implications for the interpretation of a signature inversion in this structure. One signature of the previously assigned positive-parity band is interpreted as negative parity and has been extended to Iπ = ( 22- ) and its signature partner has been observed up to Iπ = ( 19- ) for the first time. The remaining positive-parity band has been extended to Iπ = ( 29+ ) . A sequence of states observed to Iπ = ( 22+ ) may be the signature partner of this structure. Configurations have been assigned to each of these three structures through comparisons to cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations.

  10. High spin structure and intruder configurations in 31P

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ionescu-Bujor, M.; Iordachescu, A.; Napoli, D. R.; Lenzi, S. M.; Mărginean, N.; Otsuka, T.; Utsuno, Y.; Ribas, R. V.; Axiotis, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Bizzeti-Sona, A. M.; Bizzeti, P. G.; Brandolini, F.; Bucurescu, D.; Cardona, M. A.; De Angelis, G.; De Poli, M.; Della Vedova, F.; Farnea, E.; Gadea, A.; Hojman, D.; Kalfas, C. A.; Kröll, Th.; Lunardi, S.; Martínez, T.; Mason, P.; Pavan, P.; Quintana, B.; Alvarez, C. Rossi; Ur, C. A.; Vlastou, R.; Zilio, S.

    2006-02-01

    The nucleus 31P has been studied in the 24Mg(16O,2αp) reaction with a 70-MeV 16O beam. A complex level scheme extended up to spins 17/2+ and 15/2-, on positive and negative parity, respectively, has been established. Lifetimes for the new states have been investigated by the Doppler shift attenuation method. Two shell-model calculations have been performed to describe the experimental data, one by using the code ANTOINE in a valence space restricted to the sd shell, and the other by applying the Monte Carlo shell model in a valence space including the sd-fp shells. The latter calculation indicates that intruder excitations, involving the promotion of a T=0 proton-neutron pair to the fp shell, play a dominant role in the structure of the positive-parity high-spin states of 31P.

  11. High Frequency QPOs due to Black Hole Spin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kazanas, Demos; Fukumura, K.

    2009-01-01

    We present detailed computations of photon orbits emitted by flares at the innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO) of accretion disks around rotating black holes. We show that for sufficiently large spin parameter, i.e. a > 0.94 M, flare a sufficient number of photons arrive at an observer after multiple orbits around the black hole, to produce an "photon echo" of constant lag, i.e. independent of the relative phase between the black hole and the observer, of T approximates 14 M. This constant time delay, then, leads to a power spectrum with a QPO at a frequency nu approximates 1/14M, even for a totally random ensemble of such flares. Observation of such a QPO will provide incontrovertible evidence for the high spin of the black hole and a very accurate, independent, measurement of its mass.

  12. Collectivity of high spin states in {sup 84}Zr

    SciTech Connect

    Lister, C.J.; Blumenthal, D.; Crowell, B.

    1995-08-01

    {sup 84}Zr is one of the most extensively studied of the A {approximately} 80 rotors, both from theoretical and experimental approaches. It was predicted to be a good candidate to support superdeformation, and to show interesting spectroscopic properties including saturation of its shell-model space at lower spin. We performed an experiment using Gammasphere in its early implementation phase. The reaction of {sup 29}Si on {sup 58}Ni was used to strongly populate {sup 84}Zr at high spin. Thin and thick targets were used to allow the extraction of transitional matrix elements at very high spin, and to allow a sensitive search for superdeformed states. Data analysis is in progress. The large data set allowed us to extend the previously known bands considerably. Candidates for a staggered M1-band, found previously {sup 86}Zr, were located. To date, no evidence for superdeformed bands was found. Analysis was slowed by the relocation of all the participants in this experiment, but we hope to complete the lifetime analysis this year. This analysis has become especially topical, due to reported measurements of superdeformation in this region.

  13. Recent advances in the study of hyperdeformation at high spin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abusara, Hazem; Afanasjev, A. V.

    2008-10-01

    The systematic investigation of hyperdeforation (HD) at high spin in the Z=40-58 part of nuclear chart has been performed in the framework of the cranked relativistic mean field theory. The properties of the HD bands such as quadrupole transition moments Qt, dynamic J^(2) and kinematic J^(1) moments of inertia have been studied. These observables are affected by centrifugal stretching. Our self-consistent calculations suggest that necking degree of freedom should play an important role in some nuclei at hyperdeformation. It is especially pronounced in the proton density distribution due to the repulsive Coulomb force. The density of the HD bands is high in the spin range where they are yrast or close to yrast in the majority of cases. In these cases the observation of discrete HD bands will most likely be impossible because the feeding intensity will be redistributed among many bands, thus, dropping below the observational limit of the experimental facilities. The calculations indicate Cd isotopes as the best candidates for a search of discrete HD bands. The HD configurations become yrast at lower spins in neutron-deficient nuclei than in the ones of the valley of β-stability. [1] W.Koepf and P.Ring, Nucl. Phys. A511, 279(1990), [2] A.V.Afanasjev and H.Abusara (submitted to Physical Review C)

  14. Probing Spin Frustration in High-symmetry Magnetic Nanomolecules by Inelastic Neutron Scattering

    SciTech Connect

    Garlea, Vasile O; Nagler, Stephen E; Zarestky, Jerel L; Stassis, C.; Vaknin, D.; Kogerler, P.; McMorrow, D. F.; Niedermayer, C.; Tennant, D. A.; Lake, B.; Qiu, Y.; Exler, M.; Schnack, J.; Luban, M.

    2006-01-01

    Low temperature inelastic neutron scattering studies have been performed to characterize the low energy magnetic excitation spectrum of the magnetic nanomolecule {l_brace}Mo{sub 72}Fe{sub 30}{r_brace}. This unique highly symmetric cluster features spin frustration and is one of the largest discrete magnetic molecules studied to date by inelastic neutron scattering. The 30 s=5/2 Fe{sup III} ions, embedded in a spherical polyoxomolybdate molecule, occupy the vertices of an icosidodecahedron and are coupled via nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic interactions. The overall energy scale of the excitation and the gross features of the temperature dependence of the observed neutron scattering are explained by a quantum model of the frustrated spin cluster. However, no satisfactory theoretical explanation is yet available for the observed magnetic field dependence.

  15. One-dimensional spinon spin currents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirobe, Daichi; Sato, Masahiro; Kawamata, Takayuki; Shiomi, Yuki; Uchida, Ken-Ichi; Iguchi, Ryo; Koike, Yoji; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saitoh, Eiji

    2017-01-01

    Quantum spin fluctuation in a low-dimensional or frustrated magnet breaks magnetic ordering while keeping spin correlation. Such fluctuation has been a central topic in magnetism because of its relevance to high-Tc superconductivity and topological states. However, utilizing such spin states has been quite difficult. In a one-dimensional spin-1/2 chain, a particle-like excitation called a spinon is known to be responsible for spin fluctuation in a paramagnetic state. Spinons behave as a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid at low energy, and the spin system is often called a quantum spin chain. Here we show that a quantum spin chain generates and carries spin current, which is attributed to spinon spin current. This is demonstrated by observing an anisotropic negative spin Seebeck effect along the spin chains in Sr2CuO3. The results show that spin current can flow even in an atomic channel owing to long-range spin fluctuation.

  16. Gamow-Teller strength and the spin-isospin coupling constants of the Skyrme energy functional

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bender, M.; Dobaczewski, J.; Engel, J.; Nazarewicz, W.

    2002-05-01

    We investigate the effects of the spin-isospin channel of the Skyrme energy functional on predictions for Gamow-Teller distributions and superdeformed rotational bands. We use the generalized Skyrme interaction SkO' to describe even-even ground states and then analyze the effects of time-odd spin-isospin couplings, first term by term and then together via linear regression. Some terms affect the strength and energy of the Gamow-Teller resonance in finite nuclei without altering the Landau parameter g'0 that to leading order determines spin-isospin properties of nuclear matter. Though the existing data are not sufficient to uniquely determine all the spin-isospin couplings, we are able to fit them locally. Altering these coupling constants does not change the quality with which the Skyrme functional describes rotational bands.

  17. Characteristics of persistent spin current components in a quasi-periodic Fibonacci ring with spin-orbit interactions: Prediction of spin-orbit coupling and on-site energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patra, Moumita; Maiti, Santanu K.

    2016-12-01

    In the present work we investigate the behavior of all three components of persistent spin current in a quasi-periodic Fibonacci ring subjected to Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions. Analogous to persistent charge current in a conducting ring where electrons gain a Berry phase in presence of magnetic flux, spin Berry phase is associated during the motion of electrons in presence of a spin-orbit field which is responsible for the generation of spin current. The interplay between two spin-orbit fields along with quasi-periodic Fibonacci sequence on persistent spin current is described elaborately, and from our analysis, we can estimate the strength of any one of two spin-orbit couplings together with on-site energy, provided the other is known.

  18. The spin polaron theory as a mechanism for high temperature superconductivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yanga, Danilo M.

    2017-08-01

    I summarize in this paper our previous works on the spin polaron theory as a mechanism for high temperature superconductivity in the finite temperature (Matsubara) Green's function method. In this formulation, some bulk thermodynamic properties of high-Tc materials like entropy and specific heat are treated. The hole spectral function is likewise derived. Single-particle tunneling current is calculated for normal metal-superconductor and superconductor-superconductor junctions. With an effective Hamiltonian derived from this theory, the Josephson tunneling current between two high temperature superconductors is obtained. Current problems like mobility of holes, calculation of energy gap function, the triplet pairing mechanism, among others, are also discussed in this paper, all using the spin polaron formulation.

  19. Observation of high-spin bands with large moments of inertia in Xe124

    DOE PAGES

    Nag, Somnath; Singh, A. K.; Hagemann, G. B.; ...

    2016-09-07

    In this paper, high-spin states in 124Xe have been populated using the 80Se(48Ca, 4n) reaction at a beam energy of 207 MeV and high-multiplicity, γ-ray coincidence events were measured using the Gammasphere spectrometer. Six high-spin rotational bands with moments of inertia similar to those observed in neighboring nuclei have been observed. The experimental results are compared with calculations within the framework of the Cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky model. Finally, it is suggested that the configurations of the bands involve excitations of protons across the Z = 50 shell gap coupled to neutrons within the N = 50 - 82 shell or excitedmore » across the N = 82 shell closure.« less

  20. Observation of high-spin bands with large moments of inertia in 124Xe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nag, Somnath; Singh, A. K.; Hagemann, G. B.; Sletten, G.; Herskind, B.; Døssing, T.; Ragnarsson, I.; Hübel, H.; Bürger, A.; Chmel, S.; Wilson, A. N.; Rogers, J.; Carpenter, M. P.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Kondev, F. G.; Lauritsen, T.; Zhu, S.; Korichi, A.; Stefanova, E. A.; Fallon, P.; Nyakó, B. M.; Timár, J.; Juhász, K.

    2016-09-01

    High-spin states in 124Xe have been populated using the 80Se(48Ca,4 n ) reaction at a beam energy of 207 MeV and high-multiplicity, γ -ray coincidence events were measured using the Gammasphere spectrometer. Six high-spin bands with large moments of inertia, similar to those observed in neighboring nuclei, have been observed. The experimental results are compared with calculations within the framework of the cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky model. It is suggested that the configurations of the bands involve excitations of protons across the Z =50 shell gap coupled to neutrons within the N =50 -82 shell or excited across the N =82 shell closure.

  1. Mapping between the Heisenberg XX Spin Chain and Low-Energy QCD

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pérez-García, David; Tierz, Miguel

    2014-04-01

    By using random matrix models, we uncover a connection between the low-energy sector of four-dimensional QCD at finite volume and the Heisenberg XX model in a 1D spin chain. This connection allows us to relate crucial properties of QCD with physically meaningful properties of the spin chain, establishing a dictionary between both worlds. For the spin chain, we predict a third-order phase transition and a Tracy-Widom law in the transition region. We also comment on possible numerical implications of the connection as well as on possible experimental implementations.

  2. Corrections to the energy levels of a spin-zero particle bound in a strong field

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, R. N.; Milstein, A. I.; Karshenboim, S. G.

    2006-01-15

    Formulas for the corrections to the energy levels and wave functions of a spin-zero particle bound in a strong field are derived. The general case of the sum of a Lorentz-scalar potential and zero component of a Lorentz-vector potential is considered. The forms of the corrections differ essentially from those for spin-(1/2) particles. As an example of application of our results, we evaluated the electric polarizability of a ground state of a spin-zero particle bound in a strong Coulomb field.

  3. The free energy in a class of quantum spin systems and interchange processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Björnberg, J. E.

    2016-07-01

    We study a class of quantum spin systems in the mean-field setting of the complete graph. For spin S = 1/2, the model is the Heisenberg ferromagnet, and for general spin S ∈ 1/2 N, it has a probabilistic representation as a cycle-weighted interchange process. We determine the free energy and the critical temperature (recovering results by Tóth and by Penrose when S = 1/2). The critical temperature is shown to coincide (as a function of S) with that of the q = 2S + 1 state classical Potts model, and the phase transition is discontinuous when S ≥ 1.

  4. Spin superfluidity and coherent spin precession

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bunkov, Yuriy M.

    2009-04-01

    The spontaneous phase coherent precession of the magnetization in superfluid 3He-B was discovered experimentally in 1984 at the Institute for Physical Problems, Moscow by Borovik-Romanov, Bunkov, Dmitriev and Mukharsky and simultaneously explained theoretically by Fomin (Institut Landau, Moscow). Its formation is a direct manifestation of spin superfluidity. The latter is the magnetic counterpart of mass superfluidity and superconductivity. It is also an example of the Bose-Einstein condensation of spin-wave excitations (magnons). The coherent spin precession opened the way for investigations of spin supercurrent magnetization transport and other related phenomena, such as spin-current Josephson effect, process of phase slippage at a critical value of spin supercurrent, spin-current vortices, non-topological solitons (analogous to Q-balls in high energy physics) etc. New measuring techniques based on coherent spin precession made the investigation of mass counterflow and mass vortices possible owing to the spin-mass interaction. New phenomena were observed: mass-spin vortices, the Goldstone mode of the mass vortex with non-axisymmetric core, superfluid density anisotropy etc. Different types of coherent spin precession were later found in superfluid 3He-A and 3He-B confined in anisotropic aerogel, in the states with counterflow and in 3He with reduced magnetization. Finally, spin superfluidity investigations developed the basis for a modern investigation of electron spin supercurrent and spintronics.

  5. Numerical relativity and high energy physics: Recent developments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berti, Emanuele; Cardoso, Vitor; Crispino, Luis C. B.; Gualtieri, Leonardo; Herdeiro, Carlos; Sperhake, Ulrich

    2016-07-01

    We review recent progress in the application of numerical relativity techniques to astrophysics and high-energy physics. We focus on recent developments regarding the spin evolution in black hole binaries, high-energy black hole collisions, compact object solutions in scalar-tensor gravity, superradiant instabilities, hairy black hole solutions in Einstein’s gravity coupled to fundamental fields, and the possibility to gain insight into these phenomena using analog gravity models.

  6. Flare physics at high energies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramaty, R.

    1990-01-01

    High-energy processes, involving a rich variety of accelerated particle phenomena, lie at the core of the solar flare problem. The most direct manifestation of these processes are high-energy radiations, gamma rays, hard X-rays and neutrons, as well as the accelerated particles themselves, which can be detected in interplanetary space. In the study of astrophysics from the moon, the understanding of these processes should have great importance. The inner solar system environment is strongly influenced by activity on the sun; the physics of solar flares is of great intrinsic interest; and much high-energy astrophysics can be learned from investigations of flare physics at high energies.

  7. Excitations for lattice ferromagnetic classical spin systems at high temperature: noneven single-spin distributions

    PubMed

    Schor; O'Carroll

    2000-06-01

    We consider general d-dimensional lattice ferromagnetic spin systems with nearest neighbor interactions in the high temperature region (beta<1). Each model is characterized by a single-site a priori spin probability distribution taken to be noneven. We state our results in terms of the parameter alpha=(<&smacr; (4)>-3<&smacr; (2)>(2)-<&smacr; (3)>(2)<&smacr; (2)>(-1))/(<&smacr; (4)>-<&smacr; (2)>(2)-<&smacr; (3)>(2)<&smacr; (2)>(-1)), where &smacr;=s-, and denotes the kth moment of the single-site distribution. Associated with the model is a lattice quantum field theory which is known to contain a particle of mass m approximately ln beta. Assuming <&smacr;(3)> not equal0 we show that for alpha>0, beta small, there exists a bound state with mass below the two-particle threshold 2m. For alpha<0 bound states do not exist. These results are obtained using a Bethe-Salpeter (BS) equation in the ladder approximation in conjunction with a representation for the inverse of the two-point function designed to analyze the spectrum below but close to 2m.

  8. HIGH ENERGY RATE EXTRUSION.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    Thin structural shapes can now be produced by high velocity extrusion equipment. Tooling, dies, die coatings, lubricants and general processing...degrees was important in reducing the initial peak stresses to a controllable level and tooling failures were reduced by using high strength (Rc 55-60...the high inertial forces present) can be lessened and eliminated in many cases by the selection of low reduction ratios (15:1 or below) and low impact speeds. (Author)

  9. Energy spectra of high energy atmospheric neutrinos

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mitsui, K.; Minorikawa, Y.

    1985-01-01

    Focusing on high energy neutrinos ( or = 1 TeV), a new calculation of atmospheric neutrino intensities was carried out taking into account EMC effects observed in P-A collisions by accelerator, recent measurement of primary cosmic ray spectrum and results of cosmic ray muon spectrum and charge ratio. Other features of the present calculation are (1) taking into account kinematics of three body decays of kaons and charm particles in diffusion equations and (2) taking into account energy dependence of kaon production.

  10. High energy forming facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ciurlionis, B.

    1967-01-01

    Watertight, high-explosive forming facility, 25 feet in diameter and 15 feet deep, withstands repeated explosions of 10 pounds of TNT equivalent. The shell is fabricated of high strength steel and allows various structural elements to deform or move elastically and independently while retaining structural integrity.

  11. High Energy Polarized e+e- Beams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shatunov, Yu.; Koop, I.; Otboev, A.; Mane, S.

    2016-02-01

    Recently, the wide discussion about Higgs-factory design again returns to problem of high energy polarized electrons and positrons. It’s good known the radiative beam polarization at LEP-collider. It was obtained after spin resonance suppression at Z0 pick, but didn’t appear at energies above 70 GeV due to an enhancement of unavoidable depolarization effects. We examine in this paper various ideas for radiative polarization at TLEP/FCC-ee and formulate some estimates for the polarization buildup time and the asymptotic polarization. Using wigglers, a useful degree of polarization (for energy calibration), with a time constant of about 1 h, may be possible up to the threshold of W pair production. At higher energies such as the threshold of Higgs production, attaining a useful level of polarization may be difficult in a planar ring. With Siberian Snakes, wigglers and some imagination, polarization of reasonable magnitude, with a reasonable time constant (of not more than about 1 h), may be achievable at very high energies.

  12. Pressure-driven high to low spin transition in the bimetallic quantum magnet [Ru2(O2CMe)4]3[Cr(CN)6

    SciTech Connect

    O'Neal, K. R.; Liu, Z.; Miller, Joel S.; Fishman, Randy Scott; Musfeldt, J. L.

    2014-01-01

    Synchrotron-based infrared and Raman spectroscopies were brought together with diamond anvil cell techniques and an analysis of the magnetic properties to investigate the pressure-induced high low spin transition in [Ru2(O2CMe)4]3[Cr(CN)6]. The extended nature of the diruthenium wavefunction combined with coupling to chromium-related local lattice distortions changes the relative energies of the and orbitals and drives the high low spin transition on the mixed-valence diruthenium complex. This is a rare example of an externally controlled metamagnetic transition in which both spin-orbit and spin-lattice interactions contribute to the mechanism.

  13. High-spin states in {sup 205}Rn: A new shears band structure?

    SciTech Connect

    Novak, J.R.; Beausang, C.W.; Casten, R.F.; Cata Danil, G.; Cooper, J.R.; Juutinen, S.; Kruecken, R.; Liu, B.; Socci, T.; Thomas, J.T.; Zamfir, N.V.; Zhang, J.; Amzal, N.; Greenlees, P.T.; Cata Danil, G.; Zamfir, N.V.; Cocks, J.F.; Greenlees, P.T.; Helariutta, K.; Jones, P.; Julin, R.; Kankaanpaeae, H.; Kettunen, H.; Kuusiniemi, P.; Leino, M.; Muikku, M.; Savelius, A.; Hannachi, F.; Zamfir, N.V.; Zhang, J.; Frauendorf, S.

    1999-06-01

    The high-spin structure of {sup 205}Rn has been investigated for the first time following the {sup 170}Er({sup 40}Ar,5n) and {sup 197}Au({sup 14}N,6n) reactions at beam energies of 183 MeV and 90{endash}110 MeV, respectively, using the Jurosphere and YRAST Ball arrays. Two new cascades have been identified which dominate the high-spin decay. One of these, consisting of ten stretched M1 transitions with unobserved E2 crossover transitions, is interpreted as a shears structure based on the {nu}i{sub 13/2}{sup {minus}1}{circle_times}{pi}i{sub 13/2}{sup 2} (or {nu}i{sub 13/2}{sup {minus}1}{circle_times}{pi}h{sub 9/2}i{sub 13/2}) configuration. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

  14. Ultra-high energy probes of classicalization

    SciTech Connect

    Dvali, Gia; Gomez, Cesar E-mail: cesar.gomez@uam.es

    2012-07-01

    Classicalizing theories are characterized by a rapid growth of the scattering cross section. This growth converts these sort of theories in interesting probes for ultra-high energy experiments even at relatively low luminosity, such as cosmic rays or Plasma Wakefield accelerators. The microscopic reason behind this growth is the production of N-particle states, classicalons, that represent self-sustained lumps of soft Bosons. For spin-2 theories this is the quantum portrait of what in the classical limit are known as black holes. We emphasize the importance of this quantum picture which liberates us from the artifacts of the classical geometric limit and allows to scan a much wider landscape of experimentally-interesting quantum theories. We identify a phenomenologically-viable class of spin-2 theories for which the growth of classicalon production cross section can be as efficient as to compete with QCD cross section already at 100TeV energy, signaling production of quantum black holes with graviton occupation number N ∼ 10{sup 4}.

  15. High resolution imaging systems for spin-stabilized Probe spacecraft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Danielson, G. E.; Malin, M. C.; Delamere, W. A.

    1981-01-01

    A novel design for a high-resolution imaging system which includes on-board data editing and optical navigation, suggests high quality images can be acquired from spin-stabilized spacecraft oriented towards high velocity, short duration planetary missions ('Probes'). The approach to designing imaging systems requires that mission objectives be met within the physical and fiscal constraints imposed by the spacecraft and mission design. Severe constraints imposed on a Comet Halley probe (for example, 57 km/sec encounter velocity with a small, 10 km diameter, object) coupled with a great uncertainty in encounter time and distance, were overcome by innovative use of existing technology. Such designs suggest that 3-axis stabilization or nonspinning platforms are not necessary to acquire high resolution, high quality planetary images.

  16. A 3D-printed high power nuclear spin polarizer.

    PubMed

    Nikolaou, Panayiotis; Coffey, Aaron M; Walkup, Laura L; Gust, Brogan M; LaPierre, Cristen D; Koehnemann, Edward; Barlow, Michael J; Rosen, Matthew S; Goodson, Boyd M; Chekmenev, Eduard Y

    2014-01-29

    Three-dimensional printing with high-temperature plastic is used to enable spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP) and hyperpolarization of xenon-129 gas. The use of 3D printed structures increases the simplicity of integration of the following key components with a variable temperature SEOP probe: (i) in situ NMR circuit operating at 84 kHz (Larmor frequencies of (129)Xe and (1)H nuclear spins), (ii) <0.3 nm narrowed 200 W laser source, (iii) in situ high-resolution near-IR spectroscopy, (iv) thermoelectric temperature control, (v) retroreflection optics, and (vi) optomechanical alignment system. The rapid prototyping endowed by 3D printing dramatically reduces production time and expenses while allowing reproducibility and integration of "off-the-shelf" components and enables the concept of printing on demand. The utility of this SEOP setup is demonstrated here to obtain near-unity (129)Xe polarization values in a 0.5 L optical pumping cell, including ∼74 ± 7% at 1000 Torr xenon partial pressure, a record value at such high Xe density. Values for the (129)Xe polarization exponential build-up rate [(3.63 ± 0.15) × 10(-2) min(-1)] and in-cell (129)Xe spin-lattice relaxation time (T1 = 2.19 ± 0.06 h) for 1000 Torr Xe were in excellent agreement with the ratio of the gas-phase polarizations for (129)Xe and Rb (PRb ∼ 96%). Hyperpolarization-enhanced (129)Xe gas imaging was demonstrated with a spherical phantom following automated gas transfer from the polarizer. Taken together, these results support the development of a wide range of chemical, biochemical, material science, and biomedical applications.

  17. Analytic energy gradients in closed-shell coupled-cluster theory with spin-orbit coupling.

    PubMed

    Wang, Fan; Gauss, Jürgen

    2008-11-07

    Gradients in closed-shell coupled-cluster (CC) theory with spin-orbit coupling included in the post Hartree-Fock treatment have been implemented at the CC singles and doubles (CCSD) level and at the CCSD level augmented by a perturbative treatment of triple excitations [CCSD(T)]. The additional computational effort required in analytic energy-gradient calculations is roughly the same as that for ground-state energy calculations in the case of CCSD, and it is about twice in the case of CCSD(T) calculations. The structures, harmonic frequencies, and dipole moments of some heavy-element compounds have been calculated using the present analytic energy-gradient techniques including spin-orbit coupling. The results show that spin-orbit coupling can have a significant influence on both the equilibrium structure and the harmonic vibrational frequencies and that its inclusion is essential to obtain reliable and accurate estimates for geometrical parameters of heavy-element compounds.

  18. Rapid high-resolution spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy with pulsed laser source and time-of-flight spectrometer

    SciTech Connect

    Gotlieb, K.; Hussain, Z.; Bostwick, A.; Jozwiak, C.; Lanzara, A.

    2013-09-15

    A high-efficiency spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (spin-ARPES) spectrometer is coupled with a laboratory-based laser for rapid high-resolution measurements. The spectrometer combines time-of-flight (TOF) energy measurements with low-energy exchange scattering spin polarimetry for high detection efficiencies. Samples are irradiated with fourth harmonic photons generated from a cavity-dumped Ti:sapphire laser that provides high photon flux in a narrow bandwidth, with a pulse timing structure ideally matched to the needs of the TOF spectrometer. The overall efficiency of the combined system results in near-E{sub F} spin-resolved ARPES measurements with an unprecedented combination of energy resolution and acquisition speed. This allows high-resolution spin measurements with a large number of data points spanning multiple dimensions of interest (energy, momentum, photon polarization, etc.) and thus enables experiments not otherwise possible. The system is demonstrated with spin-resolved energy and momentum mapping of the L-gap Au(111) surface states, a prototypical Rashba system. The successful integration of the spectrometer with the pulsed laser system demonstrates its potential for simultaneous spin- and time-resolved ARPES with pump-probe based measurements.

  19. Interpolation between low and high temperatures of the specific heat for spin systems.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, Heinz-Jürgen; Hauser, Andreas; Lohmann, Andre; Richter, Johannes

    2017-04-01

    The high temperature expansion (HTE) of the specific heat of a spin system fails at low temperatures, even if it is combined with a Padé approximation. On the other hand, we often have information about the low-temperature asymptotics (LTA) of the system. Interpolation methods combine both kind of information, HTE and LTA, in order to obtain an approximation of the specific heat that holds for the whole temperature range. Here we revisit the entropy method that has been previously published and propose two variants that better cope with problems of the entropy method for gapped systems. We compare all three methods applied to the antiferromagnetic Haldane spin-one chain and especially apply the second variant, called log Z method, to the cuboctahedron for different spin quantum numbers. In particular, we demonstrate that the interpolation method is able to detect an extra low-temperature maximum in the specific heat that may appear if a separation of two energy scales is present in the considered system. Finally, we illustrate how interpolation also works for classical spin systems.

  20. Mn5: high-spin structures and energetics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reveles, J. U.; Shillady, D. D.; Trindle, C.

    2016-12-01

    We characterize the geometry and electronic structure of isomers of the five atom Manganese cluster for its highest spin state, multiplicity 26. DFT calculations with various functionals and basis sets. The lowest energy form is either a D3h symmetric trigonal bipyramid or disphenoid C2v structure which can be considered a distorted trigonal bipyramid. The regular pentagon (D5h) is higher in energy but occupies a shallow relative minimum on the potential surface. The lowest energy square pyramid (C4v) is a saddle point; it spontaneously rearranges to the bisphenoid structure or the trigonal bipyramid very similar in energy. Analysis of the wave functions shows that the clusters can be considered distinct and weakly bound atoms with stabilization derived from interatomic charge-transfer interactions. Dispersion attraction seem to play a lesser role. The clusters have moderate static polarizabilities α but large first hyperpolarizabilities β, comparable with the reference system para-nitro aniline. Dynamic polarizabilities for an exciting frequency of 0.1 atomic units (wavelength 450 nm) are higher still.

  1. High-spin states and band terminations in 49V

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues, D.; Hojman, D.; Lenzi, S. M.; Cardona, M. A.; Farnea, E.; Axiotis, M.; Beck, C.; Bednarczyk, P.; Bizzetti, P. G.; Bizzetti-Sona, A. M.; Della Vedova, F.; Grebosz, J.; Haas, F.; Kmiecik, M.; Maj, A.; Meczyński, W.; Napoli, D. R.; Nespolo, M.; Papka, P.; Zafra, A. Sánchez i.; Styczen, J.; Thummerer, S.; Ziebliński, M.

    2015-08-01

    High-spin states in 49V have been studied through the 28Si(28Si,α 3 p ) reaction using the EUROBALL γ -ray detector array. The 49V level scheme has been extended up to 13.1 MeV including 21 new states. Both negative and positive parity states have been interpreted in the framework of the shell model. The 27 /2- and the 31/2 + band-termination states have been observed in agreement with theoretical predictions.

  2. Microcoil high-resolution magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Janssen, Hans; Brinkmann, Andreas; van Eck, Ernst R H; van Bentum, P Jan M; Kentgens, Arno P M

    2006-07-12

    We report the construction of a dual-channel microcoil nuclear magnetic resonance probehead allowing magic-angle spinning for mass-limited samples. With coils down to 235 mum inner diameter, this allows high-resolution solid-state NMR spectra to be obtained for amounts of materials of a few nanoliters. This is demonstrated by the carbon-13 spectrum of a tripeptide and a single silk rod, prepared from the silk gland of the Bombyx mori silkworm. Furthermore, the microcoil allows for radio frequency field strengths well beyond current probe technology, aiding in getting the highest possible resolution by efficiently decoupling the observed nuclei from the abundantly present proton nuclei.

  3. High energy fuel compositions

    SciTech Connect

    Fisher, D.H.

    1983-07-19

    A high density liquid hydrocarbon fuel composition is disclosed, singularly suited for propelling turbojet limited volume missile systems designed for shipborne deployment. The contemplated fuels are basically composed of the saturated analogues of dimers of methyl cyclopentadiene and of dicyclopentadiene and optionally include the saturated analogues of the co-trimers of said dienes or the trimers of cyclopentadiene. The various dimers and trimers are combined in a relative relationship to provide optimal performing fuels for the indicated purpose.

  4. Inevitable inflation in Einstein-Cartan theory with improved energy-momentum tensor with spin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fennelly, A. J.; Bradas, James C.; Smalley, Larry L.

    1988-01-01

    Generalized, or power-law, inflation is shown to necessarily exist for a simple, anisotropic, (Bianchi Type-1) cosmology in the Einstein-Cartan gravitational theory with the Ray-Smalley improved energy momentum tensor with spin. Formal solution of the EC field equations with the fluid equations of motion explicitly shows inflation caused by the RS spin angular kinetic energy density. Shear is not effective in preventing inflation in the ECRS model. The relation between fluid vorticity, torsion, reference axis rotation, and shear ellipsoid precession shows through clearly.

  5. Tunnel spin polarization versus energy for clean and doped Al2O3 barriers.

    PubMed

    Park, B G; Banerjee, T; Lodder, J C; Jansen, R

    2007-11-23

    The variation of the tunnel spin-polarization (TSP) with energy is determined using a magnetic tunnel transistor, allowing quantification of the energy dependent TSP separately for both ferromagnet/insulator interfaces and direct correlation with the tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) measured in the same device. The intrinsic TSP is reduced below the Fermi level, and more strongly so for tunneling into empty states above the Fermi level. For artificially doped barriers, the low bias TMR decreases due to defect-assisted tunneling. Yet, this mechanism becomes ineffective at large bias, where instead inelastic spin scattering causes a strong TMR decay.

  6. Coexistence of perfect spin filtering for entangled electron pairs and high magnetic storage efficiency in one setup

    PubMed Central

    Ji, T. T.; Bu, N.; Chen, F. J.; Tao, Y. C.; Wang, J.

    2016-01-01

    For Entangled electron pairs superconducting spintronics, there exist two drawbacks in existing proposals of generating entangled electron pairs. One is that the two kinds of different spin entangled electron pairs mix with each other. And the other is a low efficiency of entanglement production. Herein, we report the spin entanglement state of the ferromagnetic insulator (FI)/s-wave superconductor/FI structure on a narrow quantum spin Hall insulator strip. It is shown that not only the high production of entangled electron pairs in wider energy range, but also the perfect spin filtering of entangled electron pairs in the context of no highly spin-polarized electrons, can be obtained. Moreover, the currents for the left and right leads in the antiferromagnetic alignment both can be zero, indicating 100% tunnelling magnetoresistance with highly magnetic storage efficiency. Therefore, the spin filtering for entangled electron pairs and magnetic storage with high efficiencies coexist in one setup. The results may be experimentally demonstrated by measuring the tunnelling conductance and the noise power. PMID:27074893

  7. High energy cosmic ray composition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seo, E. S.

    Cosmic rays are understood to result from energetic processes in the galaxy, probably from supernova explosions. However, cosmic ray energies extend several orders of magnitude beyond the limit thought possible for supernova blast waves. Over the past decade several ground-based and space-based investigations were initiated to look for evidence of a limit to supernova acceleration in the cosmic-ray chemical composition at high energies. These high-energy measurements are difficult because of the very low particle fluxes in the most interesting regions. The space-based detectors must be large enough to collect adequate statistics, yet stay within the weight limit for space flight. Innovative approaches now promise high quality measurements over an energy range that was not previously possible. The current status of high energy cosmic-ray composition measurements and planned future missions are discussed in this paper.

  8. HDice, Highly-Polarized Low-Background Frozen-Spin HD Targets for CLAS experiments at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect

    Wei, Xiangdong; Bass, Christopher; D'Angelo, Annalisa; Deur, Alexandre P.; Dezern, Gary L.; Ho, Dao Hoang; Kageya, Tsuneo; Khandaker, Mahbubul A,; Kashy, David H.; Laine, Vivien Eric; Lowry, Michael M.; O'Connell, Thomas Robert; Sandorfi, Andrew M.; Teachey, II, Robert W.; Whisnant, Charles Steven; Zarecky, Michael R.

    2012-12-01

    Large, portable frozen-spin HD (Deuterium-Hydride) targets have been developed for studying nucleon spin properties with low backgrounds. Protons and Deuterons in HD are polarized at low temperatures (~10mK) inside a vertical dilution refrigerator (Oxford Kelvinox-1000) containing a high magnetic field (up to 17T). The targets reach a frozen-spin state within a few months, after which they can be cold transferred to an In-Beam Cryostat (IBC). The IBC, a thin-walled dilution refrigerator operating either horizontally or vertically, is use with quasi-4{pi} detector systems in open geometries with minimal energy loss for exiting reaction products in nucleon structure experiments. The first application of this advanced target system has been used for Spin Sum Rule experiments at the LEGS facility in Brookhaven National Laboratory. An improved target production and handling system has been developed at Jefferson Lab for experiments with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer, CLAS.

  9. Low temperature and high field regimes of connected kagome artificial spin ice: the role of domain wall topology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeissler, Katharina; Chadha, Megha; Lovell, Edmund; Cohen, Lesley F.; Branford, Will R.

    2016-07-01

    Artificial spin ices are frustrated magnetic nanostructures where single domain nanobars act as macrosized spins. In connected kagome artificial spin ice arrays, reversal occurs along one-dimensional chains by propagation of ferromagnetic domain walls through Y-shaped vertices. Both the vertices and the walls are complex chiral objects with well-defined topological edge-charges. At room temperature, it is established that the topological edge-charges determine the exact switching reversal path taken. However, magnetic reversal at low temperatures has received much less attention and how these chiral objects interact at reduced temperature is unknown. In this study we use magnetic force microscopy to image the magnetic reversal process at low temperatures revealing the formation of quite remarkable high energy remanence states and a change in the dynamics of the reversal process. The implication is the breakdown of the artificial spin ice regime in these connected structures at low temperatures.

  10. Low temperature and high field regimes of connected kagome artificial spin ice: the role of domain wall topology.

    PubMed

    Zeissler, Katharina; Chadha, Megha; Lovell, Edmund; Cohen, Lesley F; Branford, Will R

    2016-07-22

    Artificial spin ices are frustrated magnetic nanostructures where single domain nanobars act as macrosized spins. In connected kagome artificial spin ice arrays, reversal occurs along one-dimensional chains by propagation of ferromagnetic domain walls through Y-shaped vertices. Both the vertices and the walls are complex chiral objects with well-defined topological edge-charges. At room temperature, it is established that the topological edge-charges determine the exact switching reversal path taken. However, magnetic reversal at low temperatures has received much less attention and how these chiral objects interact at reduced temperature is unknown. In this study we use magnetic force microscopy to image the magnetic reversal process at low temperatures revealing the formation of quite remarkable high energy remanence states and a change in the dynamics of the reversal process. The implication is the breakdown of the artificial spin ice regime in these connected structures at low temperatures.

  11. Low temperature and high field regimes of connected kagome artificial spin ice: the role of domain wall topology

    PubMed Central

    Zeissler, Katharina; Chadha, Megha; Lovell, Edmund; Cohen, Lesley F.; Branford, Will R.

    2016-01-01

    Artificial spin ices are frustrated magnetic nanostructures where single domain nanobars act as macrosized spins. In connected kagome artificial spin ice arrays, reversal occurs along one-dimensional chains by propagation of ferromagnetic domain walls through Y-shaped vertices. Both the vertices and the walls are complex chiral objects with well-defined topological edge-charges. At room temperature, it is established that the topological edge-charges determine the exact switching reversal path taken. However, magnetic reversal at low temperatures has received much less attention and how these chiral objects interact at reduced temperature is unknown. In this study we use magnetic force microscopy to image the magnetic reversal process at low temperatures revealing the formation of quite remarkable high energy remanence states and a change in the dynamics of the reversal process. The implication is the breakdown of the artificial spin ice regime in these connected structures at low temperatures. PMID:27443523

  12. Nucleon structure and the high energy interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Selyugin, O. V.

    2015-06-01

    On the basis of the representation of the generalized structure of nucleons a new model of the hadron interaction at high energies is presented. A new t dependence of the generalized parton distributions is obtained from the comparative analysis of different sets of the parton distribution functions, based on the description of the entire set of experimental data for the electromagnetic form factors of the proton and neutron. Taking into account the different moments of the generalized parton distributions of the hadron, quantitative descriptions of all existing experimental data of the proton-proton and proton-antiproton elastic scatterings from √{s }=9.8 GeV to 8 TeV, including the Coulomb range and large momentum transfers up to -t =15 GeV2 , are obtained with a few free high-energy fitting parameters. The real part of the hadronic elastic scattering amplitude is determined only through the complex s that satisfies the dispersion relations. The negligible contributions of the hard Pomeron and the presence of the non-small contributions of the maximal Odderon are obtained. The non-dying form of the spin-flip amplitude is examined as well. The structures of the Born term and unitarized scattering amplitude are analyzed. It is shown that the black disk limit for the elastic scattering amplitude is not reached at LHC energies. Predictions for LHC energies are made.

  13. High Energy Flywheel Containment Evaluation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colozza, Anthony J.; Trase, Larry (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    A flywheel testing facility is being constructed at the NASA Glenn Research Center. This facility is to be used for life cycle testing of various flywheel rotors. The lifecycle testing consists of spinning a rotor from a low rpm (approx. 20,000 ) to a high rpm (approx. 60,000) and then back to the low rpm. This spin cycle will model that which the rotor will see during use. To simulate the lifetime of the rotor, the spin cycle will be performed tens of thousands of times. A typical life cycle spin test is expected to last six months. During this time the rotor will be spun through a cycle every five minutes. The test will run continuously for the six month period barring a flywheel failure. Since it is not reasonable to have the surrounding area evacuated of personnel for the duration of the testing, the flywheel facility has to be designed to withstand a flywheel rotor failure and insure that there is no danger to any personnel in the adjacent buildings or surrounding areas. In order to determine if the facility can safely contain a flywheel rotor failure an analysis of the facility in conjunction with possible flywheel failure modes was performed. This analysis is intended as a worst case evaluation of the burst liner and vacuum tank's ability to contain a failure. The test chamber consists of a cylindrical stainless steel vacuum tank, two outer steel containment rings, and a stainless steel burst liner. The stainless steel used is annealed 302, which has an ultimate strength of 620 MPa (90,000 psi). A diagram of the vacuum tank configuration is shown. The vacuum tank and air turbine will be located below ground in a pit. The tank is secured in the pit with 0.3 m (12 in.) of cement along the base and the remaining portion of the tank is surrounded by gravel up to the access ports. A 590 kg (1300 lb.) bulkhead is placed on top of the pit during operation and the complete facility is housed within a concrete structure which has 7.5 cm (3 in.) thick walls. A cutaway

  14. Formation of quantum spin Hall state on Si surface and energy gap scaling with strength of spin orbit coupling

    DOE PAGES

    Zhou, Miao; Ming, Wenmei; Liu, Zheng; ...

    2014-11-19

    For potential applications in spintronics and quantum computing, it is desirable to place a quantum spin Hall insulator [i.e., a 2D topological insulator (TI)] on a substrate while maintaining a large energy gap. Here, we demonstrate a unique approach to create the large-gap 2D TI state on a semiconductor surface, based on first-principles calculations and effective Hamiltonian analysis. We show that when heavy elements with strong spin orbit coupling (SOC) such as Bi and Pb atoms are deposited on a patterned H-Si(111) surface into a hexagonal lattice, they exhibit a 2D TI state with a large energy gap of ≥0.5more » eV. The TI state arises from an intriguing substrate orbital filtering effect that selects a suitable orbital composition around the Fermi level, so that the system can be matched onto a four-band effective model Hamiltonian. Furthermore, it is found that within this model, the SOC gap does not increase monotonically with the increasing strength of SOC. These interesting results may shed new light in future design and fabrication of large-gap topological quantum states.« less

  15. Formation of quantum spin Hall state on Si surface and energy gap scaling with strength of spin orbit coupling

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Miao; Ming, Wenmei; Liu, Zheng; Wang, Zhengfei; Yao, Yugui; Liu, Feng

    2014-01-01

    For potential applications in spintronics and quantum computing, it is desirable to place a quantum spin Hall insulator [i.e., a 2D topological insulator (TI)] on a substrate while maintaining a large energy gap. Here, we demonstrate a unique approach to create the large-gap 2D TI state on a semiconductor surface, based on first-principles calculations and effective Hamiltonian analysis. We show that when heavy elements with strong spin orbit coupling (SOC) such as Bi and Pb atoms are deposited on a patterned H-Si(111) surface into a hexagonal lattice, they exhibit a 2D TI state with a large energy gap of ≥0.5 eV. The TI state arises from an intriguing substrate orbital filtering effect that selects a suitable orbital composition around the Fermi level, so that the system can be matched onto a four-band effective model Hamiltonian. Furthermore, it is found that within this model, the SOC gap does not increase monotonically with the increasing strength of SOC. These interesting results may shed new light in future design and fabrication of large-gap topological quantum states. PMID:25407432

  16. Formation of quantum spin Hall state on Si surface and energy gap scaling with strength of spin orbit coupling

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Miao; Ming, Wenmei; Liu, Zheng; Wang, Zhengfei; Yao, Yugui; Liu, Feng

    2014-11-19

    For potential applications in spintronics and quantum computing, it is desirable to place a quantum spin Hall insulator [i.e., a 2D topological insulator (TI)] on a substrate while maintaining a large energy gap. Here, we demonstrate a unique approach to create the large-gap 2D TI state on a semiconductor surface, based on first-principles calculations and effective Hamiltonian analysis. We show that when heavy elements with strong spin orbit coupling (SOC) such as Bi and Pb atoms are deposited on a patterned H-Si(111) surface into a hexagonal lattice, they exhibit a 2D TI state with a large energy gap of ≥0.5 eV. The TI state arises from an intriguing substrate orbital filtering effect that selects a suitable orbital composition around the Fermi level, so that the system can be matched onto a four-band effective model Hamiltonian. Furthermore, it is found that within this model, the SOC gap does not increase monotonically with the increasing strength of SOC. These interesting results may shed new light in future design and fabrication of large-gap topological quantum states.

  17. Control in Highly Focused Top-Spinning. Brief Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkson, Gershon

    1998-01-01

    Three studies analyzed stimulus feedback and the concept of control with three children and two adults having autism. The first study explored feedback from spinning tops, while the second and third emphasized control of various stimuli including spinning tops. Results indicate that autistic individuals' common interest in spinning tops is…

  18. High energy physics

    SciTech Connect

    Kernan, A.; Shen, B.C.; Ma, E.

    1997-07-01

    Hadron collider studies will focus on: (i) the search for the top quark with the newly installed D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider, (ii) the upgrade of the D0 detector to match the new main injector luminosity and (iii) R&D on silicon microstrip tracking devices for the SSC. High statistics studies of Z{sup 0} decay will continue with the OPAL detector at LEP. These studies will include a direct measurement of Z decay to neutrinos, the search for Higgs and heavy quark decays of Z. Preparations for the Large Scintillation Neutrino Detector (LSND) to measure neutrino oscillations at LAMPF will focus on data acquisition and testing of photomultiplier tubes. In the theoretical area E. Ma will concentrate on mass-generating radiative mechanisms for light quarks and leptons in renormalizable gauge field theories. J. Wudka`s program includes a detailed investigation of the magnetic-flip approach to the solar neutrino.

  19. High-spin study of the shell model nucleus 88Y49

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bunce, M.; Regan, P. H.; Werner, V.; Beausang, C. W.; Anagnostatou, V.; Bowry, M.; Casperson, R. J.; Chen, D.; Cooper, N.; Goddard, P. M.; Hughes, R. O.; Ilie, G.; Mason, P. J. R.; Pauerstein, B.; Reed, M. W.; Ross, T. J.; Simpson, E. C.

    2013-04-01

    The near-yrast structure of the near-magic, odd-odd nucleus, 3988Y49, has been studied into the high-spin regime. Investigations were performed at the Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, using the 74Ge(18O,p3n) and 76Ge(18O,p5n) fusion-evaporation reactions at beam energies of 60 and 90 MeV, respectively. Gamma-ray energy coincidence analyses using both double (γ2) and triple (γ3) fold coincidences, together with angular correlation measurements, have been used to extend the previously reported level scheme to an excitation energy of 8.6 MeV and a spin and parity of 19(-). The presented level scheme is compared with predictions of a truncated valence space shell-model calculation, which assumes an inert 56Ni core with proton and neutron excitations allowed within the f5/2, p3/2, p1/2, and g9/2 single-particle states. The shell-model calculations show a reasonable comparison with the experimental data for the yrast, positive-parity states up to spin 18 ℏ, with larger variations evident for negative-parity states with spins greater than 16 ℏ. In spite of a significant increase in angular momentum input associated with the thin target 76Ge(18O,p5n) reaction channel, as compared to the backed target data using the 74Ge target, no additional discrete states were identified in the former data set, suggesting that the level scheme for this nucleus fragments significantly above the observed states, possibly indicating cross-shell excitations becoming dominant for I>19 ℏ.

  20. Nonuniqueness of magnetic fields and energy derivatives in spin-polarized density functional theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gál, T.; Ayers, P. W.; De Proft, F.; Geerlings, P.

    2009-10-01

    The effect of the recently uncovered nonuniqueness of the external magnetic field B(r⃑) corresponding to a given pair of density n(r⃑) and spin density ns(r⃑) on the derivative of the energy functional of spin-polarized density functional theory, and its implications for the definition of chemical reactivity descriptors, is examined. For ground states, the nonuniqueness of B(r⃑) implies the nondifferentiability of the energy functional Ev,B[n,ns] with respect to ns(r⃑). It is shown, on the other hand, that this nonuniqueness allows the existence of the one-sided derivatives of Ev,B[n,ns] with respect to ns(r⃑). Although the N-electron ground state can always be obtained from the minimization of Ev,B[n,ns] without any constraint on the spin number Ns=∫ns(r⃑)dr⃑, the Lagrange multiplier μs associated with the fixation of Ns does not vanish even for ground states. μs is identified as the left- or right-side derivative of the total energy with respect to Ns, which justifies the interpretation of μs as a (spin) chemical potential. This is relevant not only for the spin-polarized generalization of conceptual density functional theory, the spin chemical potential being one of the elementary reactivity descriptors, but also for the extension of the thermodynamical analogy of density functional theory for the spin-polarized case. For higher-order reactivity indices, B(r⃑)'s nonuniqueness has similar implications as for μs, leading to a split of the indices with respect to Ns into one-sided reactivity descriptors.

  1. Nonuniqueness of magnetic fields and energy derivatives in spin-polarized density functional theory.

    PubMed

    Gál, T; Ayers, P W; De Proft, F; Geerlings, P

    2009-10-21

    The effect of the recently uncovered nonuniqueness of the external magnetic field B(r) corresponding to a given pair of density n(r) and spin density n(s)(r) on the derivative of the energy functional of spin-polarized density functional theory, and its implications for the definition of chemical reactivity descriptors, is examined. For ground states, the nonuniqueness of B(r) implies the nondifferentiability of the energy functional E(v,B)[n,n(s)] with respect to n(s)(r). It is shown, on the other hand, that this nonuniqueness allows the existence of the one-sided derivatives of E(v,B)[n,n(s)] with respect to n(s)(r). Although the N-electron ground state can always be obtained from the minimization of E(v,B)[n,n(s)] without any constraint on the spin number N(s)=integraln(s)(r)dr, the Lagrange multiplier mu(s) associated with the fixation of N(s) does not vanish even for ground states. Mu(s) is identified as the left- or right-side derivative of the total energy with respect to N(s), which justifies the interpretation of mu(s) as a (spin) chemical potential. This is relevant not only for the spin-polarized generalization of conceptual density functional theory, the spin chemical potential being one of the elementary reactivity descriptors, but also for the extension of the thermodynamical analogy of density functional theory for the spin-polarized case. For higher-order reactivity indices, B(r)'s nonuniqueness has similar implications as for mu(s), leading to a split of the indices with respect to N(s) into one-sided reactivity descriptors.

  2. Superdeformed band at very high spin in {sup 140}Nd

    SciTech Connect

    Neusser, A.; Huebel, H.; Al-Khatib, A.; Bringel, P.; Buerger, A.; Nenoff, N.; Schoenwasser, G.; Singh, A.K.; Petrache, C.M.; Lo Bianco, G.; Ragnarsson, I.; Hagemann, G.B.; Herskind, B.; Jensen, D.R.; Sletten, G.; Fallon, P.; Goergen, A.; Bednarczyk, P.; Curien, D.; Gangopadhyay, G.

    2004-12-01

    A new high-spin superdeformed band has been discovered in {sub 60}{sup 140}Nd{sub 80}. It was populated in the {sup 96}Zr({sup 48}Ca,4n) reaction and investigated using the EUROBALL {gamma}-ray spectrometer array. The band is observed in the approximate spin range of I=36 to 66. It is associated with shell gaps around Z=60 and at N=80 at large deformation. These gaps produce a pronounced minimum in the calculated total Routhian surfaces at a quadrupole deformation of {epsilon}{sub 2}=0.45. The new band which lies between the high-deformation bands in the A{approx_equal}130 region and the superdeformed bands in A{approx_equal}150 nuclei provides insight into the development of the deformation between these two regions. Two possible configurations are suggested involving four neutrons of i{sub 13/2} origin ({nu}6{sup 4}) and either six protons of h{sub 11/2}/h{sub 9/2} origin ({pi}5{sup 6}) or five protons of h{sub 11/2}/h{sub 9/2} and one of i{sub 13/2} origin ({pi}5{sup 5}6{sup 1})

  3. 63Cu nuclear magnetic resonance study of Pr(1.85)Ce(0.15)Cu(1-x)Ni(x)O(4): Ni-induced spin density oscillation and modification of the low energy spin fluctuations.

    PubMed

    Williams, G V M; Jurkutat, M; Rybicki, D; Haase, J

    2011-02-23

    We report the results from a (63)Cu nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study of the electron-doped high temperature superconducting cuprate (HTSC) Pr(1.85)Ce(0.15)Cu(1-x)Ni(x)O(4). We find that Ni induces a magnetic broadening of the (63)Cu NMR spectra that can be interpreted in terms of an induced spin density oscillation about the Ni site, similar to that reported from (63)Cu NMR measurements on the hole-doped HTSCs when Zn is partially substituted for Cu. There is also an additional temperature-dependent contribution to the (63)Cu spin-lattice relaxation rate that can be interpreted in terms of an Ni-induced modification of the low energy spin fluctuations. Furthermore, the spin fluctuations are intrinsically spatially inhomogeneous and additional inhomogeneities are induced by Ni.

  4. Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with rotary echo on an electron spin probe

    DOE PAGES

    Mkhitaryan, V. V.; Jelezko, F.; Dobrovitski, V. V.

    2015-10-26

    We consider an electronic spin, such as a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond, weakly coupled to a large number of nuclear spins, and subjected to the Rabi driving with a periodically alternating phase. We show that by switching the driving phase synchronously with the precession of a given nuclear spin, the interaction to this spin is selectively enhanced, while the rest of the bath remains decoupled. The enhancement is of resonant character. The key feature of the suggested scheme is that the width of the resonance is adjustable, and can be greatly decreased by increasing the driving strength. Thus, the resonancemore » can be significantly narrowed, by a factor of 10–100 in comparison with the existing detection methods. Significant improvement in selectivity is explained analytically and confirmed by direct numerical many-spin simulations. As a result, the method can be applied to a wide range of solid-state systems.« less

  5. Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with rotary echo on an electron spin probe

    SciTech Connect

    Mkhitaryan, V. V.; Jelezko, F.; Dobrovitski, V. V.

    2015-10-26

    We consider an electronic spin, such as a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond, weakly coupled to a large number of nuclear spins, and subjected to the Rabi driving with a periodically alternating phase. We show that by switching the driving phase synchronously with the precession of a given nuclear spin, the interaction to this spin is selectively enhanced, while the rest of the bath remains decoupled. The enhancement is of resonant character. The key feature of the suggested scheme is that the width of the resonance is adjustable, and can be greatly decreased by increasing the driving strength. Thus, the resonance can be significantly narrowed, by a factor of 10–100 in comparison with the existing detection methods. Significant improvement in selectivity is explained analytically and confirmed by direct numerical many-spin simulations. As a result, the method can be applied to a wide range of solid-state systems.

  6. Highly selective detection of individual nuclear spins with rotary echo on an electron spin probe.

    PubMed

    Mkhitaryan, V V; Jelezko, F; Dobrovitski, V V

    2015-10-26

    We consider an electronic spin, such as a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond, weakly coupled to a large number of nuclear spins, and subjected to the Rabi driving with a periodically alternating phase. We show that by switching the driving phase synchronously with the precession of a given nuclear spin, the interaction to this spin is selectively enhanced, while the rest of the bath remains decoupled. The enhancement is of resonant character. The key feature of the suggested scheme is that the width of the resonance is adjustable, and can be greatly decreased by increasing the driving strength. Thus, the resonance can be significantly narrowed, by a factor of 10-100 in comparison with the existing detection methods. Significant improvement in selectivity is explained analytically and confirmed by direct numerical many-spin simulations. The method can be applied to a wide range of solid-state systems.

  7. High energy physics

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-04-10

    The Counter Group continues to work on data analysis for Fermilab Experiment E653. Altogether, they expect several thousand reconstructed charm events and approximately 25 B pair events of which 12 have been observed thus far. Preparation continue for Fermilab Experiment E781, a high statistics study of charm baryon production. In the Theory Group, Cutkosky and collaborators study hadron phenomenology and non-perturbative QCD calculations. Levine has a long standing program in computational QED to obtain improved theoretical values for g-2 of the electron. Wolfenstein, Li, and their collaborators have worked on areas of weak interaction phenomenology that may yield insights beyond the standard model, e.g. CP violation and non-zero neutrino masses. Holman has been concerned with phase transitions in gauge theories relevant to cosmological problems. During 1991 most of the group effort was concentrated on the L3 experiment at CERN. Highlights of the results from the analysis of the Z[degrees] resonance include (a) a measurement of the strong coupling constant [alpha][sub s] for b quarks (b) a precision measurement of the average time of B hadrons and (c) a direct determination of the number of light neutrino faculties from the reaction e[sup +]e[sup [minus

  8. Spin-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy using femtosecond extreme ultraviolet light pulses from high-order harmonic generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plötzing, M.; Adam, R.; Weier, C.; Plucinski, L.; Eich, S.; Emmerich, S.; Rollinger, M.; Aeschlimann, M.; Mathias, S.; Schneider, C. M.

    2016-04-01

    The fundamental mechanism responsible for optically induced magnetization dynamics in ferromagnetic thin films has been under intense debate since almost two decades. Currently, numerous competing theoretical models are in strong need for a decisive experimental confirmation such as monitoring the triggered changes in the spin-dependent band structure on ultrashort time scales. Our approach explores the possibility of observing femtosecond band structure dynamics by giving access to extended parts of the Brillouin zone in a simultaneously time-, energy- and spin-resolved photoemission experiment. For this purpose, our setup uses a state-of-the-art, highly efficient spin detector and ultrashort, extreme ultraviolet light pulses created by laser-based high-order harmonic generation. In this paper, we present the setup and first spin-resolved spectra obtained with our experiment within an acquisition time short enough to allow pump-probe studies. Further, we characterize the influence of the excitation with femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by comparing the results with data acquired using a continuous wave light source with similar photon energy. In addition, changes in the spectra induced by vacuum space-charge effects due to both the extreme ultraviolet probe- and near-infrared pump-pulses are studied by analyzing the resulting spectral distortions. The combination of energy resolution and electron count rate achieved in our setup confirms its suitability for spin-resolved studies of the band structure on ultrashort time scales.

  9. Spin-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy using femtosecond extreme ultraviolet light pulses from high-order harmonic generation

    SciTech Connect

    Plötzing, M.; Adam, R. Weier, C.; Plucinski, L.; Schneider, C. M.; Eich, S.; Emmerich, S.; Rollinger, M.; Aeschlimann, M.; Mathias, S.

    2016-04-15

    The fundamental mechanism responsible for optically induced magnetization dynamics in ferromagnetic thin films has been under intense debate since almost two decades. Currently, numerous competing theoretical models are in strong need for a decisive experimental confirmation such as monitoring the triggered changes in the spin-dependent band structure on ultrashort time scales. Our approach explores the possibility of observing femtosecond band structure dynamics by giving access to extended parts of the Brillouin zone in a simultaneously time-, energy- and spin-resolved photoemission experiment. For this purpose, our setup uses a state-of-the-art, highly efficient spin detector and ultrashort, extreme ultraviolet light pulses created by laser-based high-order harmonic generation. In this paper, we present the setup and first spin-resolved spectra obtained with our experiment within an acquisition time short enough to allow pump-probe studies. Further, we characterize the influence of the excitation with femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by comparing the results with data acquired using a continuous wave light source with similar photon energy. In addition, changes in the spectra induced by vacuum space-charge effects due to both the extreme ultraviolet probe- and near-infrared pump-pulses are studied by analyzing the resulting spectral distortions. The combination of energy resolution and electron count rate achieved in our setup confirms its suitability for spin-resolved studies of the band structure on ultrashort time scales.

  10. Study of Low Energy Electron Inelastic Scattering Mechanisms Using Spin Sensitive Techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsu, Hongbing

    1995-01-01

    Spin sensitive electron spectroscopies were used to study low energy electron inelastic scattering from metal surfaces and thin films. In these experiments, a beam of spin polarized electrons from a GaAs source is directed on the sample surface, and the spin polarization and intensity are measured as a function of energy loss and scattering angle by a Mott electron polarimeter coupled with a concentric hemispherical energy analyzer. Systematic studies of the angular dependence of inelastically scattered electrons were conducted on a Cu(100) surface, and Mo/Cu(100), non-magnetized Fe/Cu(100), and Co/Cu(100) films. The polarization and intensity of scattered electrons were measured as function of energy loss and scattering angle. Further studies were also conducted on Ag(100) surface and amorphous Cu/Ag(100) films. From the experimental results, the angular distributions of dipole and impact scattered electrons can be determined individually and both are found to peak in the specular scattering direction. Preliminary studies were conducted on magnetized Co/Cu(100) films. The spin dependent scattering intensity asymmetry was measured, with a clearly observable peak at energy loss of ~1 eV, which coincides with the band splitting. The polarizations of secondary electrons produced by an unpolarized primary beam were also measured. The polarizations can be related to the band polarization of magnetized cobalt films.

  11. Rhenium-phthalocyanine molecular nanojunction with high magnetic anisotropy and high spin filtering efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Li, J.; Hu, J.; Wang, H.; Wu, R. Q.

    2015-07-20

    Using the density functional and non-equilibrium Green's function approaches, we studied the magnetic anisotropy and spin-filtering properties of various transition metal-Phthalocyanine molecular junctions across two Au electrodes. Our important finding is that the Au-RePc-Au junction has both large spin filtering efficiency (>80%) and large magnetic anisotropy energy, which makes it suitable for device applications. To provide insights for the further experimental work, we discussed the correlation between the transport property, magnetic anisotropy, and wave function features of the RePc molecule, and we also illustrated the possibility of controlling its magnetic state.

  12. High-energy spectroscopic astrophysics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Güdel, Manuel; Walter, Roland

    After three decades of intense research in X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy, the time was ripe to summarize basic knowledge on X-ray and gamma-ray spectroscopy for interested students and researchers ready to become involved in new high-energy missions. This volume exposes both the scientific basics and modern methods of high-energy spectroscopic astrophysics. The emphasis is on physical principles and observing methods rather than a discussion of particular classes of high-energy objects, but many examples and new results are included in the three chapters as well.

  13. Experimental High Energy Neutrino Astrophysics

    SciTech Connect

    Distefano, Carla

    2005-10-12

    Neutrinos are considered promising probes for high energy astrophysics. More than four decades after deep water Cerenkov technique was proposed to detect high energy neutrinos. Two detectors of this type are successfully taking data: BAIKAL and AMANDA. They have demonstrated the feasibility of the high energy neutrino detection and have set first constraints on TeV neutrino production astrophysical models. The quest for the construction of km3 size detectors have already started: in the South Pole, the IceCube neutrino telescope is under construction; the ANTARES, NEMO and NESTOR Collaborations are working towards the installation of a neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea.

  14. High energy physics

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-04-10

    The Counter Group continues to work on data analysis for Fermilab Experiment E653. Altogether, they expect several thousand reconstructed charm events and approximately 25 B pair events of which 12 have been observed thus far. Preparation continue for Fermilab Experiment E781, a high statistics study of charm baryon production. In the Theory Group, Cutkosky and collaborators study hadron phenomenology and non-perturbative QCD calculations. Levine has a long standing program in computational QED to obtain improved theoretical values for g-2 of the electron. Wolfenstein, Li, and their collaborators have worked on areas of weak interaction phenomenology that may yield insights beyond the standard model, e.g. CP violation and non-zero neutrino masses. Holman has been concerned with phase transitions in gauge theories relevant to cosmological problems. During 1991 most of the group effort was concentrated on the L3 experiment at CERN. Highlights of the results from the analysis of the Z{degrees} resonance include (a) a measurement of the strong coupling constant {alpha}{sub s} for b quarks (b) a precision measurement of the average time of B hadrons and (c) a direct determination of the number of light neutrino faculties from the reaction e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{bar {nu}}{gamma}. We also began a major upgrade of the L3 luminosity monitor by replacing PWC chamber by a Si strip system in front of the BGO calorimeters. Finally we have continued our SSC R&D work on BaF{sub 2} by joining the GEM collaboration.

  15. Future of high energy physics

    SciTech Connect

    Panofsky, W.K.H.

    1984-06-01

    A rough overview is given of the expectations for the extension of high energy colliders and accelerators into the xtremely high energy range. It appears likely that the SSC or something like it will be the last gasp of the conventional method of producing high energy proton-proton collisions using synchrotron rings with superconducting magnets. It is likely that LEP will be the highest energy e+e/sup -/ colliding beam storage ring built. The future beyond that depends on the successful demonstrations of new technologies. The linear collider offers hope in this respect for some extension in energy for electrons, and maybe even for protons, but is too early to judge whether, by how much, or when such an extension will indeed take place.

  16. Low-energy electrodynamics of novel spin excitations in the quantum spin ice Yb₂Ti₂O₇.

    PubMed

    Pan, LiDong; Kim, Se Kwon; Ghosh, A; Morris, Christopher M; Ross, Kate A; Kermarrec, Edwin; Gaulin, Bruce D; Koohpayeh, S M; Tchernyshyov, Oleg; Armitage, N P

    2014-09-18

    In condensed matter systems, formation of long-range order (LRO) is often accompanied by new excitations. However, in many geometrically frustrated magnetic systems, conventional LRO is suppressed, while non-trivial spin correlations are still observed. A natural question to ask is then what is the nature of the excitations in this highly correlated state without broken symmetry? Frequently, applying a symmetry breaking field stabilizes excitations whose properties reflect certain aspects of the anomalous state without LRO. Here we report a THz spectroscopy study of novel excitations in quantum spin ice Yb2Ti2O7 under a <001> directed magnetic field. At large positive fields, both right- and left-handed magnon and two-magnon-like excitations are observed. The g-factors of these excitations are dramatically enhanced in the low-field limit, showing a crossover of these states into features consistent with the quantum string-like excitations proposed to exist in quantum spin ice in small <001> fields.

  17. Quantum corrections to energy of short spinning string in AdS{sub 5}

    SciTech Connect

    Tirziu, A.; Tseytlin, A. A.

    2008-09-15

    Motivated by a desire to shed light on the strong-coupling behavior of dimensions of short gauge-theory operators, we consider the famous example of folded spinning string in AdS{sub 5} in the limit of small semiclassical spin parameter S=(S/{radical}({lambda})). In this limit the string becomes short and is moving in a near-flat central region of AdS{sub 5}. Its energy scales with spin as E={radical}(2S)[a{sub 0}+a{sub 1}S+a{sub 2}S{sup 2}+...]. We explicitly compute the leading 1-loop quantum AdS{sub 5}xS{sup 5} superstring correction to the short string energy and show that the coefficient a{sub 0} is not renormalized from its classical value while a{sub 1} receives a nontrivial contribution containing {zeta}(3)

  18. HIGH ENERGY CRYSTALLINE LASER MATERIALS.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    The object of this research is to obtain improved laser materials for high energy lasers. During the third quarter of this contract, the study of... energy transfer from Cr to Nd in GdAlO3 and YAlG continued. In order to study the Nd fluorescence arising via transfer from Cr, the material was excited

  19. Potential energy-driven spin manipulation via a controllable hydrogen ligand.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Peter; Muenks, Matthias; Laskin, Gennadii; Brovko, Oleg; Stepanyuk, Valeri; Ternes, Markus; Kern, Klaus

    2017-04-01

    Spin-bearing molecules can be stabilized on surfaces and in junctions with desirable properties, such as a net spin that can be adjusted by external stimuli. Using scanning probes, initial and final spin states can be deduced from topographic or spectroscopic data, but how the system transitions between these states is largely unknown. We address this question by manipulating the total spin of magnetic cobalt hydride complexes on a corrugated boron nitride surface with a hydrogen-functionalized scanning probe tip by simultaneously tracking force and conductance. When the additional hydrogen ligand is brought close to the cobalt monohydride, switching between a correlated S = (1)/2 Kondo state, where host electrons screen the magnetic moment, and an S = 1 state with magnetocrystalline anisotropy is observed. We show that the total spin changes when the system is transferred onto a new potential energy surface that is defined by the position of the hydrogen in the junction. These results show how and why chemically functionalized tips are an effective tool to manipulate adatoms and molecules and a promising new method to selectively tune spin systems.

  20. Orbital mapping of energy bands and the truncated spin polarization in three-dimensional Rashba semiconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Qihang; Zhang, Xiuwen; Waugh, J. A.; Dessau, D. S.; Zunger, Alex

    2016-09-01

    Associated with spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and inversion symmetry breaking, Rashba spin polarization opens an avenue for spintronic applications that was previously limited to ordinary magnets. However, spin-polarization effects in actual Rashba systems are far more complicated than what conventional single-orbital models would suggest. By studying via density functional theory and a multiorbital k .p model a three-dimensional bulk Rashba system (free of complications by surface effects), BiTeI, we find that the physical origin of the leading spin-polarization effects is SOC-induced hybridization between spin and multiple orbitals, especially those with nonzero orbital angular momenta. In this framework we establish a general understanding of the orbital mapping, common to the surface of topological insulators and the Rashba system. Consequently, the intrinsic mechanism of various spin-polarization effects—which pertain to all Rashba systems, even those with global inversion symmetry—is understood as a manifestation of the orbital textures. This finding suggests a route for designing high-spin-polarization materials by considering the atomic-orbital content.

  1. Band structures extending to very high spin in {sup 126}Xe

    SciTech Connect

    Roenn Hansen, C.; Sletten, G.; Hagemann, G. B.; Herskind, B.; Jensen, D. R.; Bringel, P.; Engelhardt, C.; Huebel, H.; Neusser-Neffgen, A.; Singh, A. K.; Carpenter, M. P.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Lauritsen, T.; Bednarczyk, P.; Byrski, T.; Curien, D.; Benzoni, G.; Bracco, A.; Camera, F.

    2007-09-15

    High-spin states in {sup 126}Xe have been populated in the {sup 82}Se({sup 48}Ca,4n){sup 126}Xe reaction in two experiments, one at the VIVITRON accelerator in Strasbourg using the Euroball detector array, and a subsequent one with ATLAS at Argonne using the Gammasphere Ge-detector array. Levels and assignments made previously for {sup 126}Xe up to I=20 have been confirmed and extended. Four regular bands extending to a spin of almost I=60, which are interpreted as two pairs of signature partners with opposite parity, are identified for the first time. The {alpha} = 0 partner of each pair is connected to the lower-lying levels, whereas the two {alpha} = 1 partners remain floating. A fractional Doppler shift analysis of transitions in the strongest populated ({pi},{alpha})=(-,0) band provides a value of 5.2{sub 0.5}{sup 0.4} b for the transition quadrupole moment, which can be related to a minimum in the potential-energy surface calculated by the ULTIMATE CRANKER cranked shell-model code at {epsilon}{approx_equal}0.35 and {gamma}{approx_equal}5 deg. The four lowest bands calculated for this minimum compare well with the two signature pairs experimentally observed over a wide spin range. A sharp upbend at ({Dirac_h}/2{pi}){omega}{approx}1170 keV is interpreted as a crossing with a band involving the j{sub 15/2} neutron orbital, for which pairing correlations are expected to be totally quenched. The four long bands extend to within {approx}5 spin units of a crossing with an yrast line defined by calculated hyperdeformed transitions and will serve as important stepping stones into the spin region beyond 60h for future experiments.

  2. High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1979-01-01

    Managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and built by TRW, the third High Energy Astronomy Observatory was launched September 20, 1979. HEAO-3 was designed to study gamma-rays and cosmic ray particles.

  3. High spin γ -ray spectroscopy in 41Ca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhattacharjee, R.; Samanta, S.; Das, S.; Bhattacharjee, S. S.; Raut, R.; Ghugre, S. S.; Sinha, A. K.; Garg, U.; Chakrabarti, R.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Dhal, A.; Singh, R. P.; Madhavan, N.; Muralithar, S.

    2016-11-01

    High spin states in 41Ca have been investigated by using γ -ray spectroscopic techniques following the 27Al(16O,p n )41Ca fusion-evaporation reaction. Around twelve new transitions belonging to 41Ca have been observed and placed in the level scheme, which now has been extended up to Ex˜9 MeV. The spin-parity assignments for the observed levels were arrived at following the analysis of both the coincidence intensity anisotropies and linear polarization measurements. The established 5p-4h band was extended up to Jπ=19 /2- . The observations of Doppler shape and shifts facilitated the estimation of the level lifetimes by using the Doppler shift attenuation method. The lifetimes were validated with respect to previous measurements and lifetime of a few levels has been arrived at for the first time. Shell-model calculations were carried out to explain the observed level structure of the nucleus and are indicative of both single-particle and collective degrees of freedom in this N ˜Z ˜20 nucleus.

  4. High-to-low spin transition in magnesiumwustite under pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsuchiya, T.; Wentzcovitch, R. M.; de Gironcoli, S.

    2005-12-01

    High resolution X-ray spectroscopy has recently demonstrated that iron in the major lower mantle (LM) minerals undergo a high-to-low spin transition at LM pressures (23-135 GPa). Previous failures of standard DFT and "LDA+U" approaches to describe this phenomenon have hindered its investigation and consequences of fundamental importance to geophysics, such as heat transport in Earth's mantle. Here, using the latest rotationally invariant first principles formulation of LDA+U with optimized effective U, we report the first successful study of this transition in low solute concentration (Mg1-xFEx)O, magnesiumwustite. This is believed to be the second most abundant phase of Earth's LM. This encouraging result appears to open for exploration a new class of problems of enormous significance to deep Earth geophysics. Research supported by JSPS, NSF/ITR 0428774, VLab, Ehime U Project Fund

  5. High-spin states with the (p,π) reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacobs, W. W.

    1986-06-01

    Data from systematic studies of the A(p,π-)A+1 reaction leading to discrete and continuous nuclear final states have revealed both expected and unexpected signatures of the dominance of a two nucleon mechanism (TNM—NN → NNπ inside the nucleus) in near-threshold pion production. A distinctive manifestation of this dominance is the systematic and selective excitation by TNM (p,π-) of high-spin 2p-1h states on target nuclei throughout the periodic table, representing a universal and fundamental response of the nucleus to this high momentum transfer probe. Questions as to whether TNM is also dominant in A(p,π+)A+1, what are the corresponding implications for high-spin excitations, and to what extent is the overall observed (p,π+) behavior related to what is known about fundamental NN → NNπ+ processes are addressed through investigation of the 13C(p,π±) reactions populating the mirror nuclei 14C and 14O. In the course of these studies, comparative (p,π+) vs. (p,π-) data were used to suggest a Jπ=5- assignment for a previously unobserved state near EX=15 MeV in the (p,π+) spectra. Also of interest is a strong and sharp (p,π+) transition at relatively high excitation (EX ≂ 23.2 MeV) in 14C. While we find most observed features in the (p,π±) spectra are consistent with TNM expectations, one possible explanation for the latter state's unique behavior involves the anomalous enhancement of normally weak free NN → NNπ isospin channels when immersed in the nuclear medium.

  6. Energy structure of non-hydrogen-like impurities in quantum wells without spin-orbit coupling

    SciTech Connect

    Romanov, K. S. Averkiev, N. S.

    2012-06-15

    Hole states localized at an acceptor in a quantum well formed of a semiconductor with cubic symmetry without spin-orbit coupling (the symmetry {Gamma}{sub 15}) are considered. It is shown that the triply degenerate level is split, and the energies of the levels are calculated as functions of the well width.

  7. Neutron Spin Structure Studies and Low-Energy Tests of the Standard Model at JLab

    SciTech Connect

    Jager, Kees de

    2008-10-13

    The most recent results on the spin structure of the neutron from Hall A are presented and discussed. Then, an overview is given of various experiments planned with the 12 GeV upgrade at Jefferson Lab to provide sensitive tests of the Standard Model at relatively low energies.

  8. Excitation energies and spins of the yrast superdeformed band in {sup 191}Hg

    SciTech Connect

    Siem, S.; Reiter, P.; Khoo, T.L.; Lauritsen, T.; Carpenter, M.P.; Ahmad, I.; Calderin, I.J.; Duguet, T.; Fischer, S.M.; Gassmann, D.; Hackman, G.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Nisius, D.; Heenen, P.-H.; Amro, H.; Moore, E.F.; Doessing, T.; Garg, U.; Kharraja, B.; Hannachi, F.

    2004-07-01

    The excitation energies and spins of the levels in the yrast superdeformed band of {sup 191}Hg have been determined from two single-step {gamma} transitions and the quasicontinuum spectrum connecting the superdeformed and normal-deformed states. The results are compared with those from theoretical mean-field calculations with different interactions. A discussion of pairing in superdeformed states is also included.

  9. Ground state spin and excitation energies in half-filled Lieb lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ţolea, M.; Niţǎ, M.

    2016-10-01

    We present detailed spectral calculations for small Lieb lattices having up to N =4 number of cells, in the regime of half-filling, an instance of particular relevance for the nanomagnetism of discrete systems such as quantum dot arrays, due to the degenerate levels at midspectrum. While for the Hubbard interaction model—and even number of sites—the ground state spin is given by the Lieb theorem, the inclusion of long-range interaction—or odd number of sites—makes the spin state not known a priori, which justifies our approach. We calculate also the excitation energies, which are of experimental importance, and find significant variation induced by the interaction potential. One obtains insights on the mechanisms involved that impose as ground state the Lieb state with lower spin rather than the Hund one with maximum spin for the degenerate levels, showing this in the first and second orders of the interaction potential for the smaller lattices. The analytical results agree with the numerical ones, which are performed by exact diagonalization calculations or by a combined mean-field and configuration interaction method. While the Lieb state is always lower in energy than the Hund state, for strong long-range interaction, when possible, another minimal spin state is imposed as ground state.

  10. Spin angular momentum and tunable polarization in high-harmonic generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fleischer, Avner; Kfir, Ofer; Diskin, Tzvi; Sidorenko, Pavel; Cohen, Oren

    2014-07-01

    The roles of energy, momentum and orbital angular momentum conservation in high-harmonic generation were studied in the past. Here, we explore the role of spin angular momentum in high-harmonic generation by experimentally generating high harmonics of bichromatic elliptically polarized pump beams that interact with isotropic media. We explain qualitatively many observed intricate selection rules with a model that includes spin conservation in the conversion of many pump photons into a single photon. However, we also observe unequivocal deviations from this model, indicating that emission of an elliptically polarized high-energy photon is accompanied by an additional excitation (radiative or electronic). The presented results are also important for applications, because our system exhibits full control over the polarization of the harmonics, from circular through elliptical to linear polarization, without compromising the efficiency of the process. This work paves the way for a broad range of applications with high-harmonic generation, including ultrafast circular dichroism of molecules and magnetic materials.

  11. Spin relaxation length for medium-energy electrons in palladium thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pavlov, A. V.; Ustinov, A. B.; Petrov, V. N.

    2016-11-01

    The development of spintronics (the field of science that examines the behavior of systems, based not only on charge transfer, but on magnetic properties of nano-objects as well) requires study of various magnetic and electrical properties of nanoscale systems. To create a new device it is often important to know a length of spin relaxation not only for electrons with energies close to the Fermi surface, but also with energy of several hundred eV. In this study we measured such lengths in palladium at room temperature. Results obtained by secondary electron spectroscopy show that spin relaxation length for energy 100 eV is 11,9±1,6Å and for energy 500 eV is 27,1±10,5Å.

  12. High-Spin States in PALLADIUM-107, PALLADIUM-108 and SILVER-109.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pohl, Kenneth R.

    1995-01-01

    High-spin states in ^{107,108 }Pd and ^{109}Ag have been studied by charged-particle-gamma , gamma-gamma , and charged-particle-gamma -gamma coincidence measurements of heavy-ion fusion-evaporation reactions. Charged-particle -gamma measurements of gamma -ray spectra, angular distributions, and excitation functions were performed using an ^{18 }O beam with an enriched ^{96 }Zr target at beam energies of 56, 63, 72, and 80 MeV. Background measurements were performed using a ^{rm nat}Zr target. Charged -particle-gamma-gamma measurements using the same reaction at beam energies of 70 and 60 MeV were used to measure gamma -gamma coincidences, coincidence intensities, and gated angular distributions. A gamma-gamma measurement using the reaction ^{100}Mo( ^{13}C,p3n)^ {109}Ag at E_{BEAM } = 65 MeV was performed to measure a low-energy transition in ^{109}Ag. Partial level schemes of ^{107,108 }Pd and ^{109}Ag were constructed from the gamma- gamma coincidence measurements. These levels schemes significantly extend the known high-spin decay patterns of ^{107}Pd and ^{108}Pd. The ^{109}Ag results represent the first measurement of high-spin states in that nuclide. New collective bands have been discovered in all three nuclides. The principal bands in each exhibit the general property of back-bends corresponding to the rotational alignment of a pair of h_{11over2 } quasi-neutrons. Rotational alignments and Routhians have been compared to predictions of the cranked shell model and total Routhian surface calculations. Transition properties in ^{107}Pd and ^{109}Ag have been compared to predictions of a geometrical model in the context of the cranked shell model.

  13. Domain wall spin structures in mesoscopic Fe rings probed by high resolution SEMPA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krautscheid, Pascal; Reeve, Robert M.; Lauf, Maike; Krüger, Benjamin; Kläui, Mathias

    2016-10-01

    We present a combined theoretical and experimental study of the energetic stability and accessibility of different domain wall spin configurations in mesoscopic magnetic iron rings. The evolution is investigated as a function of the width and thickness in a regime of relevance to devices, while Fe is chosen as a material due to its simple growth in combination with attractive magnetic properties including high saturation magnetization and low intrinsic anisotropy. Micromagnetic simulations are performed to predict the lowest energy states of the domain walls, which can be either the transverse or vortex wall spin structure, in good agreement with analytical models, with further simulations revealing the expected low temperature configurations observable on relaxation of the magnetic structure from saturation in an external field. In the latter case, following the domain wall nucleation process, transverse domain walls are found at larger widths and thicknesses than would be expected by just comparing the competing energy terms demonstrating the importance of metastability of the states. The simulations are compared to high spatial resolution experimental images of the magnetization using scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis to provide a phase diagram of the various spin configurations. In addition to the vortex and simple symmetric transverse domain wall, a significant range of geometries are found to exhibit highly asymmetric transverse domain walls with properties distinct from the symmetric transverse wall. Simulations of the asymmetric walls reveal an evolution of the domain wall tilting angle with ring thickness which can be understood from the thickness dependencies of the contributing energy terms. Analysis of all the data reveals that in addition to the geometry, the influence of materials properties, defects and thermal activation all need to be taken into account in order to understand and reliably control the experimentally accessible

  14. Spin observables for the isovector spin-dipole giant resonance excited in (p,n) reactions at medium energies.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watson, J. W.

    1996-10-01

    For charge-exchange reactions at medium energies, one of the dominant features of small-angle spectra is the excitation of the ΔT = 1, ΔL = 1, ΔS = 1 isovector "spin-dipole" resonance (SDR). We describe how polarization-transfer measurements can be used to identify the overlapping J^π = 0^-, 1^-, and 2^- components of the SDR. Results for ^16O(p,n) and ^40Ca(p,n) using data (J. W. Watson et al.), Nucl. Phys. A577, 79c (1994). (J. W. Watson et al.), Nucl. Phys. A599, 211c (1996). for the transverse polarization-transfer coefficient D_NN' are presented and compared with distorted-wave impulse approximation (DWIA) calculations with theory of finite Fermi systems (TFFS) wavefunctions. (F. A. Gareev et al.), Sov. J. Part. Nucl. 19, 373 (1988). Future experiments will utilize complete sets of polarization-transfer data to extract the longitudinal and transverse spin responses,(M. Ichimura and K. Kawahigashi, Phys. Rev. C45), 1822 (1992). which will provide a more definitive separation of the different J^πs in the SDR. footnote Supported by NSF PHY 94-09265

  15. High-pressure magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoyt, David W.; Turcu, Romulus V. F.; Sears, Jesse A.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Burton, Sarah D.; Felmy, Andrew R.; Hu, Jian Zhi

    2011-10-01

    A high-pressure magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR capability, consisting of a reusable high-pressure MAS rotor, a high-pressure rotor loading/reaction chamber for in situ sealing and re-opening of the high-pressure MAS rotor, and a MAS probe with a localized RF coil for background signal suppression, is reported. The unusual technical challenges associated with development of a reusable high-pressure MAS rotor are addressed in part by modifying standard ceramics for the rotor sleeve by abrading the internal surface at both ends of the cylinder. In this way, not only is the advantage of ceramic cylinders for withstanding very high-pressure utilized, but also plastic bushings can be glued tightly in place so that other removable plastic sealing mechanisms/components and O-rings can be mounted to create the desired high-pressure seal. Using this strategy, sealed internal pressures exceeding 150 bars have been achieved and sustained under ambient external pressure with minimal loss of pressure for 72 h. As an application example, in situ13C MAS NMR studies of mineral carbonation reaction intermediates and final products of forsterite (Mg 2SiO 4) reacted with supercritical CO 2 and H 2O at 150 bar and 50 °C are reported, with relevance to geological sequestration of carbon dioxide.

  16. High-pressure magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance.

    PubMed

    Hoyt, David W; Turcu, Romulus V F; Sears, Jesse A; Rosso, Kevin M; Burton, Sarah D; Felmy, Andrew R; Hu, Jian Zhi

    2011-10-01

    A high-pressure magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR capability, consisting of a reusable high-pressure MAS rotor, a high-pressure rotor loading/reaction chamber for in situ sealing and re-opening of the high-pressure MAS rotor, and a MAS probe with a localized RF coil for background signal suppression, is reported. The unusual technical challenges associated with development of a reusable high-pressure MAS rotor are addressed in part by modifying standard ceramics for the rotor sleeve by abrading the internal surface at both ends of the cylinder. In this way, not only is the advantage of ceramic cylinders for withstanding very high-pressure utilized, but also plastic bushings can be glued tightly in place so that other removable plastic sealing mechanisms/components and O-rings can be mounted to create the desired high-pressure seal. Using this strategy, sealed internal pressures exceeding 150 bars have been achieved and sustained under ambient external pressure with minimal loss of pressure for 72 h. As an application example, in situ(13)C MAS NMR studies of mineral carbonation reaction intermediates and final products of forsterite (Mg(2)SiO(4)) reacted with supercritical CO(2) and H(2)O at 150 bar and 50°C are reported, with relevance to geological sequestration of carbon dioxide.

  17. High-pressure magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance

    SciTech Connect

    Hoyt, David W.; Turcu, Romulus V. F.; Sears, Jesse A.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Burton, Sarah D.; Felmy, Andrew R.; Hu, Jian Zhi

    2011-10-01

    A high-pressure magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR capability, consisting of a reusable high-pressure MAS rotor, a high-pressure rotor loading/reaction chamber for in situ sealing and re-opening of the high-pressure MAS rotor, and a MAS probe with a localized RF coil for background signal suppression, is reported. The unusual technical challenges associated with development of a reusable high-pressure MAS rotor are addressed in part by modifying standard ceramics for the rotor sleeve by abrading the internal surface at both ends of the cylinder. In this way, not only is the advantage of ceramic cylinders for withstanding very high-pressure utilized, but also plastic bushings can be glued tightly in place so that other removable plastic sealing mechanisms/components and O-rings can be mounted to create the desired high-pressure seal. Using this strategy, sealed internal pressures exceeding 150 bars have been achieved and sustained under ambient external pressure with minimal loss of pressure for 72 h. Finally, as an application example, in situ13C MAS NMR studies of mineral carbonation reaction intermediates and final products of forsterite (Mg2SiO4) reacted with supercritical CO2 and H2O at 150 bar and 50 °C are reported, with relevance to geological sequestration of carbon dioxide.

  18. A 3D-Printed High Power Nuclear Spin Polarizer

    PubMed Central

    Nikolaou, Panayiotis; Coffey, Aaron M.; Walkup, Laura L.; Gust, Brogan M.; LaPierre, Cristen D.; Koehnemann, Edward; Barlow, Michael J.; Rosen, Matthew S.; Goodson, Boyd M.; Chekmenev, Eduard Y.

    2015-01-01

    Three-dimensional printing with high-temperature plastic is used to enable spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP) and hyperpolarization of xenon-129 gas. The use of 3D printed structures increases the simplicity of integration of the following key components with a variable temperature SEOP probe: (i) in situ NMR circuit operating at 84 kHz (Larmor frequencies of 129Xe and 1H nuclear spins), (ii) <0.3 nm narrowed 200 W laser source, (iii) in situ high-resolution near-IR spectroscopy, (iv) thermoelectric temperature control, (v) retroreflection optics, and (vi) optomechanical alignment system. The rapid prototyping endowed by 3D printing dramatically reduces production time and expenses while allowing reproducibility and integration of “off-the-shelf” components and enables the concept of printing on demand. The utility of this SEOP setup is demonstrated here to obtain near-unity 129Xe polarization values in a 0.5 L optical pumping cell, including ~74 ± 7% at 1000 Torr xenon partial pressure, a record value at such high Xe density. Values for the 129Xe polarization exponential build-up rate [(3.63 ± 0.15) × 10−2 min−1] and in-cell 129Xe spin−lattice relaxation time (T1 = 2.19 ± 0.06 h) for 1000 Torr Xe were in excellent agreement with the ratio of the gas-phase polarizations for 129Xe and Rb (PRb ~ 96%). Hyperpolarization-enhanced 129Xe gas imaging was demonstrated with a spherical phantom following automated gas transfer from the polarizer. Taken together, these results support the development of a wide range of chemical, biochemical, material science, and biomedical applications. PMID:24400919

  19. Polarization measurements and high-spin states in 8638Sr48

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Naveen; Kumar, Suresh; Kumar, V.; Mandal, S. K.; Palit, R.; Saha, S.; Sethi, J.; Trivedi, T.; Pancholi, S. C.; Srivastava, P. C.

    2016-11-01

    The high-spin states in 86Sr nucleus were populated using the 76Ge(13C, 3n) reaction at a beam energy of 45 MeV. The γ-γ and γ-γ-γ coincidence measurements were used to establish the level scheme up to 10.9 MeV excitation energy and spin Iπ =19+. In our preliminary results reported earlier, a positive-parity dipole (ΔI = 1) band based on the 6878-keV level having M1 γ-ray transitions was identified. In the present work, the γ-rays and their sequence have been established for this band. The band may have a magnetic rotational character. The spin-parity of the levels were assigned by measuring the Directional Correlations of the Oriented (DCO) nuclei and the polarization asymmetry. The polarization measurements were performed for the first time for the γ-ray transitions in this nucleus. The experimental band structures were compared with the shell-model calculations using two recent effective interactions, JUN45 and jj44b in the 1p3/2, 0f5/2, 1p1/2, 0g9/2 model space. From the Tilted-Axis Cranking (TAC) calculations, the 4-qp π(g9/2) 2 ⊗ ν(g9/2) - 2 configuration is suggested for the lower-part of the (ΔI = 1) band up to spin Iπ =16+ and the 6-qp π [(g9/2) 2(f5/2) 1(p1/2) 1 ] ⊗ ν(g9/2) - 2 configuration for the upper-part of the band.

  20. Energy transfer enhancement by oxygen perturbation of spin-forbidden electronic transitions in aromatic systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monguzzi, A.; Tubino, R.; Salamone, M. M.; Meinardi, F.

    2010-09-01

    Triplet-triplet energy transfer in multicomponent organic systems is usually entirely ascribed to a Dexter-type mechanism involving only short-range donor/acceptor interactions. We demonstrate that the presence of molecular oxygen introduces a perturbation to the electronic structure of one of the involved moieties which can induce a large increase in the spin-forbidden transition oscillator strength so that the otherwise negligible Förster contribution dominates the overall energy transfer rate.

  1. Ab initio charge, spin and orbital energy scales in LaMnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tyer, R.; Temmerman, W. M.; Szotek, Z.; Banach, G.; Svane, A.; Petit, L.; Gehring, G. A.

    2004-02-01

    The first-principles SIC-LSD theory is utilized to study electronic, magnetic and orbital phenomena in LaMnO3. The correct ground state is found, which is antiferro orbitally ordered with the spin magnetic moments antiferromagnetically aligned. Jahn-Teller energies are found to be the largest energy scale. In addition, it is the Jahn-Teller interaction which is the dominant effect in realizing orbital order, and the electronic effects alone do not suffice.

  2. High precision measurements of the neutron spin structure in Hall A at Jlab

    SciTech Connect

    Annand, R M; Cates, G; Cisbani, E; Franklin, G B; Liyanage, N; Puckett, A; Rosner, G; Wojtsekhowski, B; Zheng, X

    2012-04-01

    Conclusions of this presentation are: (1) JLab energy upgrade will offer new exciting opportunities to study the nucleon (spin) structure such as high precision, unexplored phase space, flavor decomposition; (2) Large technological efforts is in progress to optimally exploit these opportunities; (3) HallA will be the first hall to get the new beam, first experiment expected to run in 2014; (4) A1n likely one of the first experiments to take data in the new 12 GeV era; and (5) SIDIS exp. will follow in couple of years.

  3. Energies and damping rates of elementary excitations in spin-1 Bose-Einstein-condensed gases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szirmai, Gergely; Szépfalusy, Péter; Kis-Szabó, Krisztián

    2003-08-01

    The finite temperature Green’s function technique is used to calculate the energies and damping rates of the elementary excitations of homogeneous, dilute, spin-1 Bose gases below the Bose-Einstein condensation temperature in both the density and spin channels. For this purpose a self-consistent dynamical Hartree-Fock model is formulated, which takes into account the direct and exchange processes on equal footing by summing up certain classes of Feynman diagrams. The model is shown to satisfy the Goldstone theorem and to exhibit the hybridization of one-particle and collective excitations correctly. The results are applied to gases of 23Na and 87Rb atoms.

  4. Correlations between the dynamics of parallel tempering and the free-energy landscape in spin glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yucesoy, Burcu; Machta, Jonathan; Katzgraber, Helmut G.

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of a large-scale numerical study of the equilibrium three-dimensional Edwards-Anderson Ising spin glass with Gaussian disorder. Using parallel tempering (replica exchange) Monte Carlo we measure various static, as well as dynamical quantities, such as the autocorrelation times and round-trip times for the parallel tempering Monte Carlo method. The correlation between static and dynamic observables for 5000 disorder realizations and up to 1000 spins down to temperatures at 20% of the critical temperature is examined. Our results show that autocorrelation times are directly correlated with the roughness of the free-energy landscape.

  5. Multiplicities in high energy interactions

    SciTech Connect

    Derrick, M.

    1985-05-13

    This paper reviews the data on multiplicities in high energy interactions. Results from e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation, from neutrino interactions, and from hadronic collisions, both diffractive and nondiffractive, are compared and contrasted. The energy dependence of the mean charged multiplicity, , as well as the rapidity density at Y = 0 are presented. For hadronic collisions, the data on neutral pion production shows a strong correlation with . The heavy particle fractions increase with ..sqrt..s up to the highest energies. The charged particle multiplicity distributions for each type of reaction show a scaling behavior when expressed in terms of the mean. Attempts to understand this behavior, which was first predicted by Koba, Nielsen, and Olesen, are discussed. The multiplicity correlations and the energy variation of the shape of the KNO scaling distribution provide important constraints on models. Some extrapolations to the energies of the Superconducting Super Collider are made. 51 refs., 27 figs.

  6. Spin observables in deuteron proton radiative capture at intermediate energies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mehmandoost-Khajeh-Dad, A. A.; Amir-Ahmadi, H. R.; Bacelar, J. C. S.; van den Berg, A. M.; Castelijns, R.; Deltuva, A.; van Garderen, E. D.; Glöckle, W.; Golak, J.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kamada, H.; Kiš, M.; Koohi-Fayegh-Dehkordi, R.; Löhner, H.; Mahjour-Shafiei, M.; Mardanpour, H.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Nogga, A.; Sauer, P.; Shende, S. V.; Skibinski, R.; Witała, H.; Wörtche, H. J.

    2005-06-01

    A radiative deuteron-proton capture experiment was carried out at KVI using polarized-deuteron beams at incident energies of 55, 66.5, and 90 MeV/nucleon. Vector and tensor-analyzing powers were obtained for a large angular range. The results are interpreted with the help of Faddeev calculations, which are based on modern two- and three-nucleon potentials. Our data are described well by the calculations, and disagree significantly with the observed tensor anomaly at RCNP.

  7. High flux solar energy transformation

    DOEpatents

    Winston, Roland; Gleckman, Philip L.; O'Gallagher, Joseph J.

    1991-04-09

    Disclosed are multi-stage systems for high flux transformation of solar energy allowing for uniform solar intensification by a factor of 60,000 suns or more. Preferred systems employ a focusing mirror as a primary concentrative device and a non-imaging concentrator as a secondary concentrative device with concentrative capacities of primary and secondary stages selected to provide for net solar flux intensification of greater than 2000 over 95 percent of the concentration area. Systems of the invention are readily applied as energy sources for laser pumping and in other photothermal energy utilization processes.

  8. High flux solar energy transformation

    DOEpatents

    Winston, R.; Gleckman, P.L.; O'Gallagher, J.J.

    1991-04-09

    Disclosed are multi-stage systems for high flux transformation of solar energy allowing for uniform solar intensification by a factor of 60,000 suns or more. Preferred systems employ a focusing mirror as a primary concentrative device and a non-imaging concentrator as a secondary concentrative device with concentrative capacities of primary and secondary stages selected to provide for net solar flux intensification of greater than 2000 over 95 percent of the concentration area. Systems of the invention are readily applied as energy sources for laser pumping and in other photothermal energy utilization processes. 7 figures.

  9. High-energy neutrino astrophysics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Halzen, Francis

    2017-03-01

    The chargeless, weakly interacting neutrinos are ideal astronomical messengers as they travel through space without scattering, absorption or deflection. But this weak interaction also makes them notoriously di cult to detect, leading to neutrino observatories requiring large-scale detectors. A few years ago, the IceCube experiment discovered neutrinos originating beyond the Sun with energies bracketed by those of the highest energy gamma rays and cosmic rays. I discuss how these high-energy neutrinos can be detected and what they can tell us about the origins of cosmic rays and about dark matter.

  10. Puncture initial data for black-hole binaries with high spins and high boosts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruchlin, Ian; Healy, James; Lousto, Carlos O.; Zlochower, Yosef

    2017-01-01

    We solve the Hamiltonian and momentum constraints of general relativity for two black holes with nearly extremal spins and relativistic boosts in the puncture formalism. We use a non-conformally-flat ansatz with an attenuated superposition of two Lorentz-boosted, conformally Kerr or conformally Schwarzschild 3-metrics and their corresponding extrinsic curvatures. We compare evolutions of these data with the standard Bowen-York conformally flat ansatz (technically limited to intrinsic spins χ =S /MADM2=0.928 and boosts P /MADM=0.897 ), finding, typically, an order of magnitude smaller burst of spurious radiation and agreement with inspiral and merger. As a first case study, we evolve two equal-mass black holes from rest with an initial separation of d =12 M and spins χi=Si/mi2=0.99 , compute the waveforms produced by the collision, the energy and angular momentum radiated, and the recoil of the final remnant black hole. We find that the black-hole trajectories curve at close separations, leading to the radiation of angular momentum. We also study orbiting nonspinning and moderate-spin black-hole binaries and compare these with standard Bowen-York data. We find a substantial reduction in the nonphysical initial burst of radiation which leads to cleaner waveforms. Finally, we study the case of orbiting binary black-hole systems with spin magnitude χi=0.95 in an aligned configuration and compare waveform and final remnant results with those of the SXS Collaboration [54 A. H. Mroue et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 241104 (2013)., 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.241104], finding excellent agreement. This represents the first moving puncture evolution of orbiting and spinning black holes exceeding the Bowen-York limit. Finally, we study different choices of the initial lapse and lapse evolution equation in the moving puncture approach to improve the accuracy and efficiency of the simulations.

  11. Domain-wall free energy of spin-glass models: numerical method and boundary conditions.

    PubMed

    Hukushima, K

    1999-10-01

    An efficient Monte Carlo method is extended to evaluate directly domain-wall free energy for randomly frustrated spin systems. Using the method, critical phenomena of spin-glass phase transition are investigated in the 4d+/-J Ising model under the replica boundary condition. Our values of the critical temperature and exponent, obtained by finite-size scaling, are in good agreement with those of the standard Monte Carlo and the series expansion studies. In addition, two exponents, the stiffness exponent and the fractal dimension of the domain wall, which characterize the ordered phase, are obtained. The latter value is larger than d-1, indicating that the domain wall is really rough in the 4d Ising spin-glass phase.

  12. Towards the improvement of spin-isospin properties in nuclear energy density functionals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roca-Maza, X.; Colò, G.; Liang, H. Z.; Meng, J.; Ring, P.; Sagawa, H.; Zhao, P. W.

    2016-06-01

    We address the problem of improving existing nuclear Energy Density Functionals (EDFs) in the spin-isospin channel. For that, we propose two different ways. The first one is to carefully take into account in the fitting protocol some of the key ground state properties for an accurate description of the most studied spin-isospin resonances: the Gamow-Teller Resonance (GTR) [1]. The second consists in providing a strategy to build local covariant EDF keeping the main features from their non-local counterparts [2]. The RHF model based on a Lagrangian where heavy mesons carry the nuclear effective interaction have been shown to be successful in the description of spin-isospin resonances [3].

  13. Spin clusters and low-energy excitations in rare earth kagome systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoch, M. J. R.

    2017-01-01

    The rare earth kagome systems R3Ga5SiO14 (R = Nd or Pr), which are weakly frustrated antiferromagnets, do not exhibit long-range order at temperatures down to 40 mK as revealed by neutron scattering. The neutron experiments provide evidence for the emergence at low temperatures of correlated spins in nanoscale cluster regions with magnetic field-dependent correlation lengths. A variety of techniques have been used to determine the magnetic and thermal properties of these systems. In particular, high-field electron spin resonance (ESR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and muon spin resonance (μSR) experiments have established that dynamic correlation of spins remains significant at temperatures well above 1 K. ESR provides evidence for spin wave excitations in spin clusters and the spectra have been interpreted using a Heisenberg model approach. While Nd3+ (J = 9/2) is a Kramers ion Pr3+ (J = 4) is not. This difference leads to contrasts in the magnetic properties of the two systems. This review surveys the information that has been obtained on the properties of these kagome materials over the past decade.

  14. Variational Energy Decomposition Analysis of Chemical Bonding. 1. Spin-Pure Analysis of Single Bonds.

    PubMed

    Levine, Daniel S; Horn, Paul R; Mao, Yuezhi; Head-Gordon, Martin

    2016-10-11

    We have designed an energy decomposition analysis (EDA) to gain a deeper understanding of single chemical bonds, that is, those in which the interacting fragments are doublet open-shell systems but the supersystem is closed-shell. The method is a spin-pure extension of the absolutely localized molecular orbital (ALMO) EDA to the one-pair perfect pairing energy (equivalently to an active space of two electrons in two orbitals). The total interaction energy is broken up into four terms: frozen interactions, spin-coupling, polarization, and charge-transfer. A variety of single bonds are analyzed and, in addition, we use this method to show how solvation changes the nature of bonds, producing different results in the gas-phase and with explicit solvent molecules.

  15. Measuring free energy in spin-lattice models using parallel tempering Monte Carlo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Wenlong

    2015-05-01

    An efficient and simple approach of measuring the absolute free energy as a function of temperature for spin lattice models using a two-stage parallel tempering Monte Carlo and the free energy perturbation method is discussed and the results are compared with those of population annealing Monte Carlo using the three-dimensional Edwards-Anderson Ising spin glass model as benchmark tests. This approach requires little modification of regular parallel tempering Monte Carlo codes with also little overhead. Numerical results show that parallel tempering, even though using a much less number of temperatures than population annealing, can nevertheless equally efficiently measure the absolute free energy by simulating each temperature for longer times.

  16. Quantum spin Hall insulator in halogenated arsenene films with sizable energy gaps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Dongchao; Chen, Li; Shi, Changmin; Wang, Xiaoli; Cui, Guangliang; Zhang, Pinhua; Chen, Yeqing

    2016-06-01

    Based on first-principles calculations, the electronic and topological properties of halogenated (F-, Cl-, Br- and I-) arsenene are investigated in detail. It is found that the halogenated arsenene sheets show Dirac type characteristic in the absence of spin-orbital coupling (SOC), whereas energy gap will be induced by SOC with the values ranging from 0.194 eV for F-arsenene to 0.255 eV for I-arsenene. Noticeably, these four newly proposed two-dimensional (2D) systems are verified to be quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulators by calculating the edge states with obvious linear cross inside bulk energy gap. It should be pointed out that the large energy gap in these 2D materials consisted of commonly used element is quite promising for practical applications of QSH insulators at room temperature.

  17. Quantum spin Hall insulator in halogenated arsenene films with sizable energy gaps

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Dongchao; Chen, Li; Shi, Changmin; Wang, Xiaoli; Cui, Guangliang; Zhang, Pinhua; Chen, Yeqing

    2016-01-01

    Based on first-principles calculations, the electronic and topological properties of halogenated (F-, Cl-, Br- and I-) arsenene are investigated in detail. It is found that the halogenated arsenene sheets show Dirac type characteristic in the absence of spin-orbital coupling (SOC), whereas energy gap will be induced by SOC with the values ranging from 0.194 eV for F-arsenene to 0.255 eV for I-arsenene. Noticeably, these four newly proposed two-dimensional (2D) systems are verified to be quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulators by calculating the edge states with obvious linear cross inside bulk energy gap. It should be pointed out that the large energy gap in these 2D materials consisted of commonly used element is quite promising for practical applications of QSH insulators at room temperature. PMID:27340091

  18. A Spin-Boson Screening approach for unraveling dominant vibrational energy transfer pathways in molecular materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chuntonov, Lev; Peskin, Uri

    2017-01-01

    Vibrational energy transfer driven by anharmonicity is the major mechanism of energy dissipation in polyatomic molecules and in molecules embedded in condensed phase environment. Energy transfer pathways are sensitive to the particular intra-molecular structure as well as to specific interactions between the molecule and its environment, and their identification is a challenging many-body problem. This work introduces a theoretical approach which enables to identify the dominant pathways for specified initial excitations, by screening the different possible relaxation channels. For each channel, the many-body Hamiltonian is mapped onto a respective all-vibrational Spin-Boson Hamiltonian, expressed in terms of the harmonic frequencies and the anharmonic coupling parameters obtained from the electronic structure of the molecule in its environment. A focus is given on the formulation of the relaxation rates when different limits of perturbation theory apply. In these cases the proposed Spin-Boson Screening approach becomes especially powerful.

  19. Spin-dependent gradient correction for more accurate atomization energies of molecules.

    PubMed

    Constantin, Lucian A; Fabiano, Eduardo; Della Sala, Fabio

    2012-11-21

    We discuss, simplify, and improve the spin-dependent correction of Constantin et al. [Phys. Rev. B 84, 233103 (2011)] for atomization energies, and develop a density parameter of the form v ∝ |∇n|/n(10/9), found from the statistical ensemble of one-electron densities. The here constructed exchange-correlation generalized gradient approximations (GGAs), named zvPBEsol and zvPBEint, show a broad applicability, and a good accuracy for many applications, because these corrected functionals significantly improve the atomization and binding energies of molecular systems, without worsening the behavior of the original functionals (PBEsol and PBEint) for other properties. This spin-dependent correction is also applied to meta-GGA dynamical correlation functionals combined with exact-exchange; in this case a significant (about 30%) improvement in atomization energies of small molecules is found.

  20. Driven energy transfer between coupled modes in spin-torque oscillators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebrun, R.; Grollier, J.; Abreu Araujo, F.; Bortolotti, P.; Cros, V.; Hamadeh, A.; de Milly, X.; Li, Y.; de Loubens, G.; Klein, O.; Tsunegi, S.; Kubota, H.; Yakushiji, K.; Fukushima, A.; Yuasa, S.

    2017-04-01

    The mutual interaction between the different eigenmodes of a spin-torque oscillator can lead to a large variety of physical mechanisms from mode hopping to multimode generation, that usually reduce their performances as radio-frequency devices. To tackle this issue for the future applications, we investigate the properties of a model spin-torque oscillator that is composed of two coupled vortices with one vortex in each of the two magnetic layers of the oscillator. In such double-vortex system, the remarkable properties of energy transfer between the coupled modes, one being excited by spin transfer torque while the second one being damped, result into an alteration of the damping parameters. As a consequence, the oscillator nonlinear behavior is concomitantly drastically impacted. This efficient coupling mechanism, driven mainly by the dynamic dipolar field generated by the spin transfer torque induced motion of the vortices, gives rise to an unusual dynamical regime of self-resonance excitation. These results show that mode coupling can be leveraged for controlling the synchronization process as well as the frequency tunability of spin-torque oscillators.

  1. Extraterrestrial high energy neutrino fluxes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stecker, F. W.

    1979-01-01

    Using the most recent cosmic ray spectra up to 2x10 to the 20th power eV, production spectra of high energy neutrinos from cosmic ray interactions with interstellar gas and extragalactic interactions of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays with 3K universal background photons are presented and discussed. Estimates of the fluxes from cosmic diffuse sources and the nearby quasar 3C273 are made using the generic relationship between secondary neutrinos and gammas and using recent gamma ray satellite data. These gamma ray data provide important upper limits on cosmological neutrinos. Quantitative estimates of the observability of high energy neutrinos from the inner galaxy and 3C273 above atmospheric background for a DUMAND type detector are discussed in the context of the Weinberg-Salam model with sq sin theta omega = 0.2 and including the atmospheric background from the decay of charmed mesons. Constraints on cosmological high energy neutrino production models are also discussed. It appears that important high energy neutrino astronomy may be possible with DUMAND, but very long observing times are required.

  2. Complete protocol for slow-spinning high-resolution magic-angle spinning NMR analysis of fragile tissues.

    PubMed

    André, Marion; Dumez, Jean-Nicolas; Rezig, Lamya; Shintu, Laetitia; Piotto, Martial; Caldarelli, Stefano

    2014-11-04

    High-resolution magic-angle spinning (HR-MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is an essential tool to characterize a variety of semisolid systems, including biological tissues, with virtually no sample preparation. The "non-destructive" nature of NMR is typically compromised, however, by the extreme centrifugal forces experienced under conventional HR-MAS frequencies of several kilohertz. These features limit the usefulness of current HR-MAS approaches for fragile samples. Here, we introduce a full protocol for acquiring high-quality HR-MAS NMR spectra of biological tissues at low spinning rates (down to a few hundred hertz). The protocol first consists of a carefully designed sample preparation, which yields spectra without significant spinning sidebands at low spinning frequency for several types of sample holders, including the standard disposable inserts classically used in HR-MAS NMR-based metabolomics. Suppression of broad spectral features is then achieved using a modified version of the recently introduced PROJECT experiment with added water suppression and rotor synchronization, which deposits limited power in the sample and which can be suitably rotor-synchronized at low spinning rates. The performance of the slow HR-MAS NMR procedure is demonstrated on conventional (liver tissue) and very delicate (fish eggs) samples, for which the slow-spinning conditions are shown to preserve the structural integrity and to minimize intercompartmental leaks of metabolites. Taken together, these results expand the applicability and reliability of HR-MAS NMR spectroscopy. These results have been obtained at 400 and 600 MHz and suggest that high-quality slow HR-MAS spectra can be expected at higher magnetic fields using the described protocol.

  3. Spin-density-functional theory for imbalanced interacting Fermi gases in highly elongated harmonic traps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao Xianlong; Asgari, Reza

    2008-03-01

    We numerically study imbalanced two component Fermi gases with attractive interactions in highly elongated harmonic traps. An accurate parametrization formula for the ground state energy is presented for a spin-polarized attractive Gaudin-Yang model. Our studies are based on an accurate microscopic spin-density-functional theory through the Kohn-Sham scheme which employs the one-dimensional homogeneous Gaudin-Yang model with a Luther-Emery-liquid ground-state correlation as a reference system. A Thomas-Fermi approximation is examined incorporating the exchange-correlation interaction. By studying the charge and spin density profiles of the system based on these methods, we gain a quantitative understanding of the role of attractive interactions and polarization on the formation of the two-shell structure, with the coexisted Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov-type phase in the center of the trap and either the BCS superfluid phase or the normal phase at the edges of the trap. Our results are in good agreement with the recent theoretical consequences.

  4. Progress in Neutron Scattering Studies of Spin Excitations in High-Tc Cuprates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujita, Masaki; Hiraka, Haruhiro; Matsuda, Masaaki; Matsuura, Masato; Tranquada, John M.; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Xu, Guangyong; Yamada, Kazuyoshi

    2012-01-01

    Neutron scattering experiments continue to improve our knowledge of spin fluctuations in layered cuprates, excitations that are symptomatic of the electronic correlations underlying high-temperature superconductivity. Time-of-flight spectrometers, together with new and varied single crystal samples, have provided a more complete characterization of the magnetic energy spectrum and its variation with carrier concentration. While the spin excitations appear anomalous in comparison with simple model systems, there is clear consistency among a variety of cuprate families. Focusing initially on hole-doped systems, we review the nature of the magnetic spectrum, and variations in magnetic spectral weight with doping. We consider connections with the phenomena of charge and spin stripe order, and the potential generality of such correlations as suggested by studies of magnetic-field and impurity induced order. We contrast the behavior of the hole-doped systems with the trends found in the electron-doped superconductors. Returning to hole-doped cuprates, studies of translation-symmetry-preserving magnetic order are discussed, along with efforts to explore new systems. We conclude with a discussion of future challenges.

  5. Progress in Neutron Scattering Studies of Spin Excitations in High-T(c) Cuprates

    SciTech Connect

    Fujita M.; Tranquada J.; Hiraka, H.; Matsuda, M.; Matsuura, M.; Wakimoto, S.; Xu, G.; Yamada, K.

    2012-01-01

    Neutron scattering experiments continue to improve our knowledge of spin fluctuations in layered cuprates, excitations that are symptomatic of the electronic correlations underlying high-temperature superconductivity. Time-of-flight spectrometers, together with new and varied single crystal samples, have provided a more complete characterization of the magnetic energy spectrum and its variation with carrier concentration. While the spin excitations appear anomalous in comparison with simple model systems, there is clear consistency among a variety of cuprate families. Focusing initially on hole-doped systems, we review the nature of the magnetic spectrum, and variations in magnetic spectral weight with doping. We consider connections with the phenomena of charge and spin stripe order, and the potential generality of such correlations as suggested by studies of magnetic-field and impurity induced order. We contrast the behavior of the hole-doped systems with the trends found in the electron-doped superconductors. Returning to hole-doped cuprates, studies of translation-symmetry-preserving magnetic order are discussed, along with efforts to explore new systems. We conclude with a discussion of future challenges.

  6. High-pressure EPR reveals conformational equilibria and volumetric properties of spin-labeled proteins

    PubMed Central

    McCoy, John; Hubbell, Wayne L.

    2011-01-01

    Identifying equilibrium conformational exchange and characterizing conformational substates is essential for elucidating mechanisms of function in proteins. Site-directed spin labeling has previously been employed to detect conformational changes triggered by some event, but verifying conformational exchange at equilibrium is more challenging. Conformational exchange (microsecond–millisecond) is slow on the EPR time scale, and this proves to be an advantage in directly revealing the presence of multiple substates as distinguishable components in the EPR spectrum, allowing the direct determination of equilibrium constants and free energy differences. However, rotameric exchange of the spin label side chain can also give rise to multiple components in the EPR spectrum. Using spin-labeled mutants of T4 lysozyme, it is shown that high-pressure EPR can be used to: (i) demonstrate equilibrium between spectrally resolved states, (ii) aid in distinguishing conformational from rotameric exchange as the origin of the resolved states, and (iii) determine the relative partial molar volume () and isothermal compressibility () of conformational substates in two-component equilibria from the pressure dependence of the equilibrium constant. These volumetric properties provide insight into the structure of the substates. Finally, the pressure dependence of internal side-chain motion is interpreted in terms of volume fluctuations on the nanosecond time scale, the magnitude of which may reflect local backbone flexibility. PMID:21205903

  7. Transient Loschmidt Echo and Orthogonality Catastrophe in highly excited Quantum Ising Spin Chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schiro, Marco; Lupo, Carla

    We study the response to sudden local perturbations of highly excited Quantum Ising Spin Chains. The key quantity encoding this response is the overlap between time-dependent wave functions, which we write as a transient Loschmidt echo. We compute the Echo perturbatively in the case of a weak local quench and study its asymptotics at long times, which contains crucial information about the structure of the highly excited non-equilibrium environment induced by the quench. Our results reveal that the Echo decays exponentially, rather than power law as in the low-energy Orthogonality Catastrophe, a further example of quench-induced decoherence. The emerging decoherence scale is set by the strenght of the local potential and the bulk excitation energy. In addition, the transient evolution features aging behavior at the Ising quantum critical point.

  8. Yaw and spin effects on high intensity sound generation and on drag of training projectiles with ring cavities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parthasarathy, S. P.; Cho, Y. I.; Kwack, E. Y.; Back, L. H.

    1986-01-01

    Projectiles containing axisymmetric ring cavities constitute aeroacoustic sources. These produce high intensity tones which are used for coding in the SAWE (Simulation of Area Weapons Effects) system. Experimental data obtained in a free jet facility are presented describing the effects of yaw, spin and geometric projectile parameters on sound pressure and drag. In general, the sound pressure decreases with increasing yaw angle whereas the drag increases. Spin tends to increase sound pressure levels because of a reduction in asymmetry of flow. Drag increases at zero yaw approximately as the 1.5 power of sound wavelength. A significant part of the drag increase appears to be due to energy loss by sound radiation.

  9. Yaw and spin effects on high intensity sound generation and on drag of training projectiles with ring cavities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parthasarathy, S. P.; Cho, Y. I.; Kwack, E. Y.; Back, L. H.

    1986-01-01

    Projectiles containing axisymmetric ring cavities constitute aeroacoustic sources. These produce high intensity tones which are used for coding in the SAWE (Simulation of Area Weapons Effects) system. Experimental data obtained in a free jet facility are presented describing the effects of yaw, spin and geometric projectile parameters on sound pressure and drag. In general, the sound pressure decreases with increasing yaw angle whereas the drag increases. Spin tends to increase sound pressure levels because of a reduction in asymmetry of flow. Drag increases at zero yaw approximately as the 1.5 power of sound wavelength. A significant part of the drag increase appears to be due to energy loss by sound radiation.

  10. Ground-state energy and entropy of the two-dimensional Edwards-Anderson spin-glass model with different bond distributions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perez-Morelo, D. J.; Ramirez-Pastor, A. J.; Romá, F.

    2012-02-01

    We study the two-dimensional Edwards-Anderson spin-glass model using a parallel tempering Monte Carlo algorithm. The ground-state energy and entropy are calculated for different bond distributions. In particular, the entropy is obtained by using a thermodynamic integration technique and an appropriate reference state, which is determined with the method of high-temperature expansion. This strategy provides accurate values of this quantity for finite-size lattices. By extrapolating to the thermodynamic limit, the ground-state energy and entropy of the different versions of the spin-glass model are determined.

  11. High-spin states in 29Al and 27Mg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dungan, R.; Tabor, S. L.; Lubna, R. S.; Volya, A.; Tripathi, Vandana; Abromeit, B.; Caussyn, D. D.; Kravvaris, K.; Tai, P.-L.

    2016-12-01

    The structure of 29Al and 27Mg was investigated using the reactions 18O(14C,p 2 n ) and 18O(14C,α n ) at 40 MeV. The charged particles were detected and identified with a Δ E -E telescope in coincidence with γ radiation detected in the Florida State University Compton suppressed γ detector array. The level and decay schemes of both nuclei have been expanded at higher spins and excitation energies. The positive-parity states up to 3.5-4.5 MeV agree well with shell model calculations using the USDA interaction. The negative-parity states in 27Mg are reproduced relatively well by one-particle-one-hole calculations with the WBP-a interaction. Three 27Mg states unbound by 0.4-1.4 MeV to neutron decay were observed to decay radiatively. One of these states had been previously observed to γ decay in a (d ,p γ ) experiment along with a surprising 16 other neutron unbound states. The competition between neutron and γ decay in these states is discussed in terms of angular momentum barriers and spectroscopic factors.

  12. Spectroscopy and high-spin structure of {sup 209}Fr

    SciTech Connect

    Dracoulis, G. D.; Davidson, P. M.; Lane, G. J.; Kibedi, T.; Nieminen, P.; Watanabe, H.; Byrne, A. P.; Wilson, A. N.

    2009-05-15

    Excited states in {sup 209}Fr have been studied using the {sup 197}Au({sup 16}O,4n){sup 209}Fr reaction with pulsed beams and {gamma}-ray and electron spectroscopy. A comprehensive scheme has been established up to an excitation energy of about 6 MeV and spins of about 49/2({Dirac_h}/2{pi}). Several isomers have been identified including a J{sup {pi}}=25/2{sup +}, {tau}=48(3) ns state at 2130 keV and a 606(26) ns, 45/2{sup -} state at 4660 keV. The latter state decays via an enhanced E3 transition with a strength of 28.8(12) W.u. It can be identified with a similar isomer in the heavier odd isotopes {sup 211}Fr and {sup 213}Fr, arising from the maximal coupling of the five valence protons in the {pi}h{sub 9/2}{sup 3}i{sub 13/2}{sup 2} configuration. The systematics of the yrast states in the odd-A isotopes are discussed, including the presence of states arising from the main proton configurations coupled to the p{sub 1/2}, f{sub 5/2}, and i{sub 13/2} neutron holes. Shell-model configurations are assigned to many of the observed states. The isotopic assignment differs from earlier work, which is shown to be erroneous.

  13. High-fidelity gates in quantum dot spin qubits

    PubMed Central

    Koh, Teck Seng; Coppersmith, S. N.; Friesen, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Several logical qubits and quantum gates have been proposed for semiconductor quantum dots controlled by voltages applied to top gates. The different schemes can be difficult to compare meaningfully. Here we develop a theoretical framework to evaluate disparate qubit-gating schemes on an equal footing. We apply the procedure to two types of double-dot qubits: the singlet–triplet and the semiconducting quantum dot hybrid qubit. We investigate three quantum gates that flip the qubit state: a DC pulsed gate, an AC gate based on logical qubit resonance, and a gate-like process known as stimulated Raman adiabatic passage. These gates are all mediated by an exchange interaction that is controlled experimentally using the interdot tunnel coupling g and the detuning ϵ, which sets the energy difference between the dots. Our procedure has two steps. First, we optimize the gate fidelity (f) for fixed g as a function of the other control parameters; this yields an that is universal for different types of gates. Next, we identify physical constraints on the control parameters; this yields an upper bound that is specific to the qubit-gate combination. We show that similar gate fidelities should be attainable for singlet-triplet qubits in isotopically purified Si, and for hybrid qubits in natural Si. Considerably lower fidelities are obtained for GaAs devices, due to the fluctuating magnetic fields ΔB produced by nuclear spins. PMID:24255105

  14. High Energy Astrophysics Program (HEAP)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Angelini, Lorella; Corcoran, Michael; Drake, Stephen; McGlynn, Thomas A.; Snowden, Stephen; Mukai, Koji; Cannizzo, John; Lochner, James; Rots, Arnold; Christian, Eric; hide

    1998-01-01

    This report reviews activities performed by the members of the USRA contract team during the 6 months of the reporting period and projected activities during the coming 6 months. Activities take place at the Goddard Space Flight Center, within the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics. Developments concern instrumentation, observation, data analysis, and theoretical work in astrophysics. Supported missions include advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA), X-Ray Timing Experiment (XTE), X-Ray Spectrometer (XRS), Astro-E, High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC) and others.

  15. High Energy Astrophysics Program (HEAP)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Angelini, L.

    1998-01-01

    This report reviews activities performed by members of the USRA contract team during the six months of the reporting period and projected activities during the coming six months. Activities take place at the Goddard Space Flight Center, within the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics. Developments concern instrumentation, observation, data analysis, and theoretical work in Astrophysics Missions supported include: Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA), X-ray Timing Experiment (XTE), X-ray Spectrometer (XRS), Astro-E, High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC), and others.

  16. Spin-spin relaxation of protons in ferrofluids characterized with a high-Tc superconducting quantum interference device-detected magnetometer in microtesla fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liao, Shu-Hsien; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Yang, Hong-Chang; Chen, Hsin-Hsien; Chen, Ming-Jye; Chen, Kuen-Lin; Horng, Herng-Er; Wang, Li-Min; Yang, Shieh-Yueh

    2012-06-01

    In this work, the spin-spin relaxation of protons in ferrofluids is characterized using a high-Tc SQUID-based detector in microtesla fields. We found that spin-spin relaxation rate is enhanced in the presence of superparamagnetic nanoparticles. The enhanced relaxation rates are attributed to the microscopic field gradients from magnetic nanoparticles that dephase protons' spins nearby. The relaxation rates decrease when temperatures increase. Additionally, the alternating current magnetic susceptibility was inversely proportional to temperature. Those characteristics explained the enhanced Brownian motion of nanoparticles at high temperatures. Characterizing the relaxation will be helpful for assaying bio-molecules and magnetic resonance imaging in microtesla fields.

  17. High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1975-01-01

    The family of High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO) instruments consisted of three unmarned scientific observatories capable of detecting the x-rays emitted by the celestial bodies with high sensitivity and high resolution. The celestial gamma-ray and cosmic-ray fluxes were also collected and studied to learn more about the mysteries of the universe. High-Energy rays cannot be studied by Earth-based observatories because of the obscuring effects of the atmosphere that prevent the rays from reaching the Earth's surface. They had been observed initially by sounding rockets and balloons, and by small satellites that do not possess the needed instrumentation capabilities required for high data resolution and sensitivity. The HEAO carried the instrumentation necessary for this capability. In this photograph, an artist's concept of three HEAO spacecraft is shown: HEAO-1, launched on August 12, 1977; HEAO-2, launched on November 13, 1978; and HEAO-3, launched on September 20. 1979.

  18. Perpendicular spin transfer torque magnetic random access memories with high spin torque efficiency and thermal stability for embedded applications (invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Luc; Jan, Guenole; Zhu, Jian; Liu, Huanlong; Lee, Yuan-Jen; Le, Son; Tong, Ru-Ying; Pi, Keyu; Wang, Yu-Jen; Shen, Dongna; He, Renren; Haq, Jesmin; Teng, Jeffrey; Lam, Vinh; Huang, Kenlin; Zhong, Tom; Torng, Terry; Wang, Po-Kang

    2014-05-01

    Magnetic random access memories based on the spin transfer torque phenomenon (STT-MRAMs) have become one of the leading candidates for next generation memory applications. Among the many attractive features of this technology are its potential for high speed and endurance, read signal margin, low power consumption, scalability, and non-volatility. In this paper, we discuss our recent results on perpendicular STT-MRAM stack designs that show STT efficiency higher than 5 kBT/μA, energy barriers higher than 100 kBT at room temperature for sub-40 nm diameter devices, and tunnel magnetoresistance higher than 150%. We use both single device data and results from 8 Mb array to demonstrate data retention sufficient for automotive applications. Moreover, we also demonstrate for the first time thermal stability up to 400 °C exceeding the requirement of Si CMOS back-end processing, thus opening the realm of non-volatile embedded memory to STT-MRAM technology.

  19. Spinning gas clouds: III. Solutions of minimal energy with precession

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaffet, B.

    2003-05-01

    We consider the model of rotating and expanding gas cloud originally proposed by Ovsiannikov (1956 Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 111 47) and Dyson (1968 J. Math. Mech. 18 91). Under the restricting assumptions of an adiabatic index gamma = 5/3 and of vorticity-free motion, this has been shown (Gaffet 2001 J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 34 2097) to be a Liouville integrable Hamiltonian system. In the present work, we consider the precessing solutions where the cloud does not retain a fixed rotation axis. Choosing for definiteness a particular set of constants of motion (which corresponds to a minimum of the energy), we show that a separation of variables occurs, and that the equations of motion are reducible to the form of a Riccati equation, whose integration merely involves an elliptic integral.

  20. Analytic model for low energy excitation states and phase transitions in spin-ice systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    López-Bara, F. I.; López-Aguilar, F.

    2017-04-01

    Low energy excitation states in magnetic structures of the so-called spin-ices are produced via spin flips among contiguous tetrahedra of their crystal structure. These spin flips generate entities which mimic magnetic dipoles in every two tetrahedra according to the dumbbell model. When the temperature increases, the spin-flip processes are transmitted in the lattice, generating so-called Dirac strings, which constitute structural entities that can present mimetic behavior similar to that of magnetic monopoles. In recent studies of both specific heat and ac magnetic susceptibility, two (even possibly three) phases have been shown to vary the temperature. The first of these phases presents a sharp peak in the specific heat and another phase transition occurs for increasing temperature whose peak is broader than that of the former phase. The sharp peak occurs when there are no free individual magnetic charges and temperature of the second phase transition coincides with the maximum proliferation of free deconfined magnetic charges. In the present paper, we propose a model for analyzing the low energy excitation many-body states of these spin-ice systems. We give analytical formulas for the internal energy, specific heat, entropy and their temperature evolution. We study the description of the possible global states via the nature and structure of their one-body components by means of the thermodynamic functions. Below 0.37 K, the Coulomb-like magnetic charge interaction can generate a phase transition to a condensation of pole–antipole pairs, possibly having Bose–Einstein structure which is responsible for the sharp peak of the first phase transition. When there are sufficient free positive and negative charges, the system tends to behave as a magnetic plasma, which implies the broader peak in the specific heat appearing at higher temperature than the sharper experimental peak.

  1. Analytic model for low energy excitation states and phase transitions in spin-ice systems.

    PubMed

    López-Bara, F I; López-Aguilar, F

    2017-04-20

    Low energy excitation states in magnetic structures of the so-called spin-ices are produced via spin flips among contiguous tetrahedra of their crystal structure. These spin flips generate entities which mimic magnetic dipoles in every two tetrahedra according to the dumbbell model. When the temperature increases, the spin-flip processes are transmitted in the lattice, generating so-called Dirac strings, which constitute structural entities that can present mimetic behavior similar to that of magnetic monopoles. In recent studies of both specific heat and ac magnetic susceptibility, two (even possibly three) phases have been shown to vary the temperature. The first of these phases presents a sharp peak in the specific heat and another phase transition occurs for increasing temperature whose peak is broader than that of the former phase. The sharp peak occurs when there are no free individual magnetic charges and temperature of the second phase transition coincides with the maximum proliferation of free deconfined magnetic charges. In the present paper, we propose a model for analyzing the low energy excitation many-body states of these spin-ice systems. We give analytical formulas for the internal energy, specific heat, entropy and their temperature evolution. We study the description of the possible global states via the nature and structure of their one-body components by means of the thermodynamic functions. Below 0.37 K, the Coulomb-like magnetic charge interaction can generate a phase transition to a condensation of pole-antipole pairs, possibly having Bose-Einstein structure which is responsible for the sharp peak of the first phase transition. When there are sufficient free positive and negative charges, the system tends to behave as a magnetic plasma, which implies the broader peak in the specific heat appearing at higher temperature than the sharper experimental peak.

  2. Electrically detected electron spin resonance in a high-mobility silicon quantum well.

    PubMed

    Matsunami, Junya; Ooya, Mitsuaki; Okamoto, Tohru

    2006-08-11

    The resistivity change due to electron spin resonance (ESR) absorption is investigated in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system formed in a Si/SiGe heterostructure. Results for a specific Landau level configuration demonstrate that the primary cause of the ESR signal is a reduction of the spin polarization, not the effect of electron heating. The longitudinal spin relaxation time T1 is obtained to be of the order of 1 ms in an in-plane magnetic field of 3.55 T. The suppression of the effect of the Rashba fields due to high-frequency spin precession explains the very long T1.

  3. High-spin lifetime measurements in the N=Z nucleus {sup 72}Kr

    SciTech Connect

    Andreoiu, C.; Svensson, C. E.; Finlay, P.; Garrett, P. E.; Grinyer, G. F.; Hyland, B.; Phillips, A. A.; Schumaker, M. A.; Valiente-Dobon, J. J.; Afanasjev, A. V.; Austin, R. A. E.; Carpenter, M. P.; Freeman, S. J.; Greene, J.; Moore, F.; Mukherjee, G.; Seweryniak, D.; Dashdorj, D.; Goergen, A.

    2007-04-15

    High-spin states in the N=Z nucleus {sup 72}Kr have been populated in the {sup 40}Ca({sup 40}Ca, 2{alpha}){sup 72}Kr fusion-evaporation reaction at a beam energy of 165 MeV using the Gammasphere array for {gamma}-ray detection coupled to the Microball array for charged particle detection. The previously observed bands in {sup 72}Kr were extended to an excitation energy of {approx}24 MeV and angular momentum of 30({Dirac_h}/2{pi}). Using the Doppler shift attenuation method the lifetimes of high-spin states were measured for the first time. Excellent agreement between the results of calculations within the isovector mean field theory and experiment is observed both for rotational and deformation properties. No enhancement of quadrupole deformation expected in the presence of isoscalar t=0 np pairing is observed. Current data do not show any evidence for the existence of the isoscalar np pairing.

  4. Some observations on spin detector response during Galileo high gain antenna deployment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peng, Chia-Yen; Smith, Kenneth S.

    1992-01-01

    This paper summarizes a dynamic analysis conducted in support of the investigation of the anomalous deployment of the Galileo High Gain Antenna on April 11, 1991. The work was focused on modeling the spacecraft spin dynamics to predict and compare the spin detector telemetry during the antenna deployment for possible cause scenarios. The effects of analog and digital low-pass filtering, digitization, and telemetry on the reported spin rate were studied as well. The high frequency phenomena in the spin detector response are masked by the filtering and sampling of the telemetry data. However, the observed spin detector telemetery is consistent with a single rib popping free, and is most likely associated with a rib near the spin detector, or 180 deg opposite.

  5. High energy density electrochemical cell

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Byrne, J. J.; Williams, D. L.

    1970-01-01

    Primary cell has an anode of lithium, a cathode containing dihaloisocyanuric acid, and a nonaqueous electrolyte comprised of a solution of lithium perchlorate in methyl formate. It produces an energy density of 213 watt hrs/lb and can achieve a high current density.

  6. Mexican High Energy Physics Network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Olivo, J. C.; Napsuciale, M.; Pérez-Angón, M. A.

    2016-10-01

    The Mexican High Energy Physics Network is one of CONACYT's thematic research networks, created with the aim of increasing the communication and cooperation of the scientific and technology communities of Mexico in strategic areas. In this report we review the evolution, challenges, achievements and opportunities faced by the network.

  7. High energy gamma ray astronomy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fichtel, Carl E.

    1987-01-01

    High energy gamma ray astronomy has evolved with the space age. Nonexistent twenty-five years ago, there is now a general sketch of the gamma ray sky which should develop into a detailed picture with the results expected to be forthcoming over the next decade. The galactic plane is the dominant feature of the gamma ray sky, the longitude and latitude distribution being generally correlated with galactic structural features including the spiral arms. Two molecular clouds were already seen. Two of the three strongest gamma ray sources are pulsars. The highly variable X-ray source Cygnus X-3 was seen at one time, but not another in the 100 MeV region, and it was also observed at very high energies. Beyond the Milky Way Galaxy, there is seen a diffuse radiation, whose origin remains uncertain, as well as at least one quasar, 3C 273. Looking to the future, the satellite opportunities for high energy gamma ray astronomy in the near term are the GAMMA-I planned to be launched in late 1987 and the Gamma Ray Observatory, scheduled for launch in 1990. The Gamma Ray Observatory will carry a total of four instruments covering the entire energy range from 30,000 eV to 3 x 10 to the 10th eV with over an order of magnitude increase in sensitivity relative to previous satellite instruments.

  8. High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1978-01-01

    Managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and built by TRW, the second High Energy Astronomy Observatory was launched November 13, 1978. The observatory carried the largest X-ray telescope ever built and was renamed the Einstein Observatory after achieving orbit.

  9. High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1977-01-01

    Managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and designed by TRW, the first High Energy Astronomy Observatory was launched August 12, 1977 aboard an Atlas Centaur rocket. HEAO-1, devoted to the study of X-rays in space, carried four instruments all used primarily in a scarning mode. The mission lasted seventeen months.

  10. High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1977-08-01

    This picture is of an Atlas/Centaur launch vehicle, carrying the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-1, on Launch Complex 36 at the Air Force Eastern Test Range prior to launch on August 12, 1977. The Kennedy Space Center managed the launch operations that included a pre-aunch checkout, launch, and flight, up through the observatory separation in orbit.

  11. Birefringent vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers: toward high-speed spin-lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gerhardt, Nils C.; Lindemann, Markus; Pusch, Tobias; Michalzik, Rainer; Hofmann, Martin R.

    2016-04-01

    Spin-polarized vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (spin-VCSELs) provide novel opportunities to overcome several limitations of conventional, purely charge-based semiconductor lasers. Presumably the highest potential lies in the spin-VCSEL's capability for ultrafast spin and polarization dynamics which can be significantly faster than the intensity dynamics in conventional devices. By injecting spin-polarized carriers, these coupled spin-photon dynamics can be controlled and utilized for high-speed applications. While relaxation oscillations provide insights in the speed and direct modulation bandwidth of conventional devices, resonance oscillations in the circular polarization degree step in for the spin and polarization dynamics in spin-VCSELs. These polarization oscillations can be generated using pulsed spin injection and achieve much higher frequencies than the conventional intensity relaxation oscillations in these devices. Furthermore polarization oscillations can be switched on and off and it is possible to generate short polarization pulses, which may represent an information unit in polarization-based optical communication. The frequency of polarization oscillations is mainly determined by the birefringence-induced mode splitting between both orthogonal linearly polarized laser modes. Thus the polarization modulation bandwidth of spin-VCSELs can be increased by adding a high amount of birefringence to the cavity, for example by incorporating mechanical strain. Using this technique, we could demonstrate tunable polarization oscillations from 10 to 40 GHz in AlGaAs-based 850nm VCSELs recently. Furthermore a birefringence-induced mode splitting of more than 250 GHz could be demonstrated experimentally. Provided that this potential for ultrafast dynamics can be fully exploited, birefringent spin-VCSELs are ideal devices for fast short-haul optical interconnects. In this paper we review our recent progress on polarization dynamics of birefringent spin

  12. High intrinsic barriers against spin-state relaxation in iron(II)-complex solutions.

    PubMed

    Stock, Philipp; Pędziński, Tomasz; Spintig, Nicole; Grohmann, Andreas; Hörner, Gerald

    2013-01-14

    Slow relaxation: Exergonic high-spin→low-spin relaxation after photoexcitation has been found to be exceedingly slow in a class of iron(II) complexes with hexadentate imine ligands. The thermal activation barriers that arise between the quintet- and singlet-spin manifolds are the highest ever recorded for spin crossover of isolated molecules in free solution (see figure). Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Free-energy analysis of spin models on hyperbolic lattice geometries.

    PubMed

    Serina, Marcel; Genzor, Jozef; Lee, Yoju; Gendiar, Andrej

    2016-04-01

    We investigate relations between spatial properties of the free energy and the radius of Gaussian curvature of the underlying curved lattice geometries. For this purpose we derive recurrence relations for the analysis of the free energy normalized per lattice site of various multistate spin models in the thermal equilibrium on distinct non-Euclidean surface lattices of the infinite sizes. Whereas the free energy is calculated numerically by means of the corner transfer matrix renormalization group algorithm, the radius of curvature has an analytic expression. Two tasks are considered in this work. First, we search for such a lattice geometry, which minimizes the free energy per site. We conjecture that the only Euclidean flat geometry results in the minimal free energy per site regardless of the spin model. Second, the relations among the free energy, the radius of curvature, and the phase transition temperatures are analyzed. We found out that both the free energy and the phase transition temperature inherit the structure of the lattice geometry and asymptotically approach the profile of the Gaussian radius of curvature. This achievement opens new perspectives in the AdS-CFT correspondence theories.

  14. Energy input and HI spin temperatures in low pressure regions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Corbelli, E.; Salpeter, E. E.

    1990-01-01

    Two recent (unpublished) HI emission/absorption studies carried out with good sensitivity using the Arecibo 21 cm beam are discussed. One study (Colgan, Salpeter and Terzian) looked for high velocity clouds of our own Galaxy in absorption in the directions of 63 of the brightest continuum sources reachable with the Arecibo telescope. HI emission mapping in the neighborhood of these directions was also carried out. The other study (Corbelli and Schneider) looked for absorption along lines of sight to about 50 weaker sources which pass within a few diameters of nearby disk galaxies. Neither study detected any absorption.

  15. Validity of the Spin-Wave Approximation for the Free Energy of the Heisenberg Ferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Correggi, Michele; Giuliani, Alessandro; Seiringer, Robert

    2015-10-01

    We consider the quantum ferromagnetic Heisenberg model in three dimensions, for all spins S ≥ 1/2. We rigorously prove the validity of the spin-wave approximation for the excitation spectrum, at the level of the first non-trivial contribution to the free energy at low temperatures. Our proof comes with explicit, constructive upper and lower bounds on the error term. It uses in an essential way the bosonic formulation of the model in terms of the Holstein-Primakoff representation. In this language, the model describes interacting bosons with a hard-core on-site repulsion and a nearest-neighbor attraction. This attractive interaction makes the lower bound on the free energy particularly tricky: the key idea there is to prove a differential inequality for the two-particle density, which is thereby shown to be smaller than the probability density of a suitably weighted two-particle random process on the lattice.

  16. Energy current and its statistics in the nonequilibrium spin-boson model: Majorana fermion representation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agarwalla, Bijay Kumar; Segal, Dvira

    2017-04-01

    We study the statistics of thermal energy transfer in the nonequilibrium (two-bath) spin-boson model. This quantum many-body impurity system serves as a canonical model for quantum energy transport. Our method makes use of the Majorana fermion representation for the spin operators, in combination with the Keldysh nonequilibrium Green's function approach. We derive an analytical expression for the cumulant generating function of the model in the steady state limit, and show that it satisfies the Gallavotti-Cohen fluctuation symmetry. We obtain analytical expressions for the heat current and its noise, valid beyond the sequential and the co-tunneling regimes. Our results satisfy the quantum mechanical bound for heat current in interacting nanojunctions. Results are compared with other approximate theories, as well as with a non-interacting model, a fully harmonic thermal junction.

  17. CRYSTALLINE BEAMS AT HIGH ENERGIES.

    SciTech Connect

    WEI, J.; OKAMOTO, H.; YURI, Y.; SESSLER, A.; MACHIDA, S.

    2006-06-23

    Previously it was shown that by crystallizing each of the two counter-circulating beams, a much larger beam-beam tune shift can be tolerated during the beam-beam collisions; thus a higher luminosity can be reached for colliding beams [1]. On the other hand, crystalline beams can only be formed at energies below the transition energy ({gamma}{sub T}) of the accelerators [2]. In this paper, we investigate the formation of crystals in a high-{gamma}{sub T} lattice that also satisfies the maintenance condition for a crystalline beam [3].

  18. Effect of transverse vibrations of fissile nuclei on the angular and spin distributions of low-energy fission fragments

    SciTech Connect

    Bunakov, V. E.; Kadmensky, S. G.; Lyubashevsky, D. E.

    2016-05-15

    It is shown that A. Bohr’s classic theory of angular distributions of fragments originating from low-energy fission should be supplemented with quantum corrections based on the involvement of a superposition of a very large number of angular momenta L{sub m} in the description of the relative motion of fragments flying apart along the straight line coincidentwith the symmetry axis. It is revealed that quantum zero-point wriggling-type vibrations of the fissile system in the vicinity of its scission point are a source of these angular momenta and of high fragment spins observed experimentally.

  19. Isospin Symmetry at High Spin Studied via Nucleon Knockout from Isomeric States.

    PubMed

    Milne, S A; Bentley, M A; Simpson, E C; Baugher, T; Bazin, D; Berryman, J S; Bruce, A M; Davies, P J; Diget, C Aa; Gade, A; Henry, T W; Iwasaki, H; Lemasson, A; Lenzi, S M; McDaniel, S; Napoli, D R; Nichols, A J; Ratkiewicz, A; Scruton, L; Stroberg, S R; Tostevin, J A; Weisshaar, D; Wimmer, K; Winkler, R

    2016-08-19

    One-neutron knockout reactions have been performed on a beam of radioactive ^{53}Co in a high-spin isomeric state. The analysis is shown to yield a highly selective population of high-spin states in an exotic nucleus with a significant cross section, and hence represents a technique that is applicable to the planned new generation of fragmentation-based radioactive beam facilities. Additionally, the relative cross sections among the excited states can be predicted to a high level of accuracy when reliable shell-model input is available. The work has resulted in a new level scheme, up to the 11^{+} band-termination state, of the proton-rich nucleus ^{52}Co (Z=27, N=25). This has in turn enabled a study of mirror energy differences in the A=52 odd-odd mirror nuclei, interpreted in terms of isospin-nonconserving (INC) forces in nuclei. The analysis demonstrates the importance of using a full set of J-dependent INC terms to explain the experimental observations.

  20. Isospin Symmetry at High Spin Studied via Nucleon Knockout from Isomeric States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milne, S. A.; Bentley, M. A.; Simpson, E. C.; Baugher, T.; Bazin, D.; Berryman, J. S.; Bruce, A. M.; Davies, P. J.; Diget, C. Aa.; Gade, A.; Henry, T. W.; Iwasaki, H.; Lemasson, A.; Lenzi, S. M.; McDaniel, S.; Napoli, D. R.; Nichols, A. J.; Ratkiewicz, A.; Scruton, L.; Stroberg, S. R.; Tostevin, J. A.; Weisshaar, D.; Wimmer, K.; Winkler, R.

    2016-08-01

    One-neutron knockout reactions have been performed on a beam of radioactive 53Co in a high-spin isomeric state. The analysis is shown to yield a highly selective population of high-spin states in an exotic nucleus with a significant cross section, and hence represents a technique that is applicable to the planned new generation of fragmentation-based radioactive beam facilities. Additionally, the relative cross sections among the excited states can be predicted to a high level of accuracy when reliable shell-model input is available. The work has resulted in a new level scheme, up to the 1 1+ band-termination state, of the proton-rich nucleus 52Co (Z =27 , N =25 ). This has in turn enabled a study of mirror energy differences in the A =52 odd-odd mirror nuclei, interpreted in terms of isospin-nonconserving (INC) forces in nuclei. The analysis demonstrates the importance of using a full set of J -dependent INC terms to explain the experimental observations.

  1. High temperature spin dynamics in linear magnetic chains, molecular rings, and segments by nuclear magnetic resonance

    SciTech Connect

    Adelnia, Fatemeh; Lascialfari, Alessandro; Mariani, Manuel; Ammannato, Luca; Caneschi, Andrea; Rovai, Donella; Winpenny, Richard; Timco, Grigore; Corti, Maurizio Borsa, Ferdinando

    2015-05-07

    We present the room temperature proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate (NSLR) results in two 1D spin chains: the Heisenberg antiferromagnetic (AFM) Eu(hfac){sub 3}NITEt and the magnetically frustrated Gd(hfac){sub 3}NITEt. The NSLR as a function of external magnetic field can be interpreted very well in terms of high temperature spin dynamics dominated by a long time persistence of the decay of the two-spin correlation function due to the conservation of the total spin value for isotropic Heisenberg chains. The high temperature spin dynamics are also investigated in Heisenberg AFM molecular rings. In both Cr{sub 8} closed ring and in Cr{sub 7}Cd and Cr{sub 8}Zn open rings, i.e., model systems for a finite spin segment, an enhancement of the low frequency spectral density is found consistent with spin diffusion but the high cut-off frequency due to intermolecular anisotropic interactions prevents a detailed analysis of the spin diffusion regime.

  2. Computer simulation for time optimal or energy optimal attitude control of spin-stabilized spacecraft.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woolley, R. D.; Werking, R. D.

    1973-01-01

    An original technique for determining the optimal magnetic torque strategy for control of the attitude of spin stabilized spacecraft is presented. By employing Lagrange multipliers and the Calculus of Variations, optimal control equations are derived which define minimum time and minimum energy attitude maneuvers. Computer program algorithms to numerically solve these optimal control equations are also described. The performance of this technique is compared with a commonly employed planning method.

  3. Low-power decoupling at high spinning frequencies in high static fields.

    PubMed

    Weingarth, Markus; Bodenhausen, Geoffrey; Tekely, Piotr

    2009-08-01

    We demonstrate that heteronuclear decoupling using a Phase-Inverted Supercycled Sequence for Attenuation of Rotary ResOnance (PISSARRO) is very efficient at high spinning frequencies (nu(rot)=60kHz) and high magnetic fields (900MHz for protons at 21T) even with moderate radio-frequency decoupling amplitudes (nu(1)(I)=15kHz), despite the wide range of isotropic chemical shifts of the protons and the increased effect of their chemical shift anisotropy.

  4. Neutron scattering studies of spin-phonon hybridization and superconducting spin gaps in the high-temperature superconductor La2-x(Sr,Ba)xCuO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagman, J. J.; Carlo, J. P.; Gaudet, J.; Van Gastel, G.; Abernathy, D. L.; Stone, M. B.; Granroth, G. E.; Kolesnikov, A. I.; Savici, A. T.; Kim, Y. J.; Zhang, H.; Ellis, D.; Zhao, Y.; Clark, L.; Kallin, A. B.; Mazurek, E.; Dabkowska, H. A.; Gaulin, B. D.

    2016-03-01

    We present time-of-flight neutron scattering measurements on single crystals of La2-xBaxCuO4 (LBCO) with 0 ≤x ≤0.095 and La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) with x =0.08 and 0.11. This range of dopings spans much of the phase diagram relevant to high-temperature cuprate superconductivity, ranging from insulating, three-dimensional commensurate long-range antiferromagnetic order, for x ≤0.02 , to two-dimensional (2D) incommensurate antiferromagnetism coexisting with superconductivity for x ≥0.05 . Previous work on lightly doped LBCO with x =0.035 showed a clear enhancement of the inelastic scattering coincident with the low-energy crossings of the highly dispersive spin excitations and quasi-2D optic phonons. The present work extends these measurements across the phase diagram and shows this enhancement to be a common feature to this family of layered quantum magnets. Furthermore, we show that the low-temperature, low-energy magnetic spectral weight is substantially larger for samples with nonsuperconducting ground states relative to any of the samples with superconducting ground states. Spin gaps, suppression of low-energy magnetic spectral weight as a function of decreasing temperature, are observed in both superconducting LBCO and LSCO samples, consistent with previous observations for superconducting LSCO.

  5. Neutron scattering studies of spin-phonon hybridization and superconducting spin gaps in the high temperature superconductor La2-x(Sr;Ba)xCuO4

    DOE PAGES

    Wagman, J. J.; Carlo, Jeremy P.; Gaudet, J.; ...

    2016-03-14

    We present time-of-flight neutron-scattering measurements on single crystals of La2-xBaxCuO4 (LBCO) with 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.095 and La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) with x = 0.08 and 0.11. This range of dopings spans much of the phase diagram relevant to high temperature cuprate superconductivity, ranging from insulating, three dimensional commensurate long range antiferromagnetic order for x ≤ 0.02 to two dimensional (2D) incommensurate antiferromagnetism co-existing with superconductivity for x ≥ 0.05. Previous work on lightly doped LBCO with x = 0.035 showed a clear resonant enhancement of the inelastic scattering coincident with the low energy crossings of the highly dispersive spin excitationsmore » and quasi-2D optic phonons. The present work extends these measurements across the phase diagram and shows this enhancement to be a common feature to this family of layered quantum magnets. Furthermore we show that the low temperature, low energy magnetic spectral weight is substantially larger for samples with non-superconducting ground states relative to any of the samples with superconducting ground states. Lastly spin gaps, suppression of low energy magnetic spectral weight, are observed in both superconducting LBCO and LSCO samples, consistent with previous observations for superconducting LSCO« less

  6. Energy consumption analysis of graphene based all spin logic device with voltage controlled magnetic anisotropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Zhizhong; Zhang, Yue; Zheng, Zhenyi; Wang, Guanda; Su, Li; Zhang, Youguang; Zhao, Weisheng

    2017-05-01

    All spin logic device (ASLD) is a promising option to realize the ultra-low power computing systems. However, the low spin transport efficiency and the non-local switching of the detector have become two key challenges of the ASLD. In this paper, we analyze the energy consumption of a graphene based ASLD with the ferromagnetic layer switching assistance by voltage control magnetic anisotropy (VCMA) effect. This structure has significant potential towards ultra-low power consumption: the applied voltage can not only shorten switching time of the ferromagnetic layer, but also decreases the critical injection current; the graphene channel enhances greatly the spin transport efficiency. By applying the approximate circuit model, the impact of material configurations, interfaces and geometry can be synthetically studied. An accurate physic model was also developed, based on which, we carry out the micro-magnetic simulations to analyze the magnetization dynamics. Combining these electrical and magnetic investigations, the energy consumption of the proposed ASLD can be estimated. With the optimizing parameters, the energy consumption can be reduced to 2.5 pJ for a logic operation.

  7. Frequency tuning of polarization oscillations: Toward high-speed spin-lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Lindemann, Markus Gerhardt, Nils C.; Hofmann, Martin R.; Pusch, Tobias; Michalzik, Rainer

    2016-01-25

    Spin-controlled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (spin-VCSELs) offer a high potential to overcome several limitations of conventional purely charged-based laser devices. Presumably, the highest potential of spin-VCSELs lies in their ultrafast spin and polarization dynamics, which can be significantly faster than the intensity dynamics in conventional devices. Here, we experimentally demonstrate polarization oscillations in spin-VCSELs with frequencies up to 44 GHz. The results show that the oscillation frequency mainly depends on the cavity birefringence, which can be tuned by applying mechanical strain to the VCSEL structure. A tuning range of about 34 GHz is demonstrated. By measuring the polarization oscillation frequency and the birefringence governed mode splitting as a function of the applied strain simultaneously, we are able to investigate the correlation between birefringence and polarization oscillations in detail. The experimental findings are compared to numerical calculations based on the spin-flip model.

  8. High-fidelity adiabatic inversion of a {sup 31}P electron spin qubit in natural silicon

    SciTech Connect

    Laucht, Arne Kalra, Rachpon; Muhonen, Juha T.; Dehollain, Juan P.; Mohiyaddin, Fahd A.; Hudson, Fay; Dzurak, Andrew S.; Morello, Andrea; McCallum, Jeffrey C.; Jamieson, David N.

    2014-03-03

    The main limitation to the high-fidelity quantum control of spins in semiconductors is the presence of strongly fluctuating fields arising from the nuclear spin bath of the host material. We demonstrate here a substantial improvement in single-qubit inversion fidelities for an electron spin qubit bound to a {sup 31}P atom in natural silicon, by applying adiabatic sweeps instead of narrow-band pulses. We achieve an inversion fidelity of 97%, and we observe signatures in the spin resonance spectra and the spin coherence time that are consistent with the presence of an additional exchange-coupled donor. This work highlights the effectiveness of simple adiabatic inversion techniques for spin control in fluctuating environments.

  9. High-resolution NMR of anisotropic samples with spinning away from the magic angle

    SciTech Connect

    Sakellariou, Dimitris; Meriles, Carlos A.; Martin, Rachel W.; Pines, Alexander

    2003-03-31

    High-resolution NMR of samples in the solid state is typically performed under mechanical sample spinning around an axis that makes an angle, called the magic angle, of 54.7 degrees with the static magnetic field. There are many cases in which geometrical and engineering constraints prevent spinning at this specific angle. Implementations of in-situ and ex-situ magic angle field spinning might be extremely demanding because of the power requirements or an inconvenient sample size or geometry. Here we present a methodology based on switched angle spinning between two angles, none of which is the magic angle, which provide both isotropic and anisotropic information. Using this method, named Projected Magic Angle Spinning, we were able to obtain resolved isotropic chemical shifts in spinning samples where the broadening is mostly inhomogeneous.

  10. High performance current and spin diode of atomic carbon chain between transversely symmetric ribbon electrodes

    PubMed Central

    Dong, Yao-Jun; Wang, Xue-Feng; Yang, Shuo-Wang; Wu, Xue-Mei

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate that giant current and high spin rectification ratios can be achieved in atomic carbon chain devices connected between two symmetric ferromagnetic zigzag-graphene-nanoribbon electrodes. The spin dependent transport simulation is carried out by density functional theory combined with the non-equilibrium Green's function method. It is found that the transverse symmetries of the electronic wave functions in the nanoribbons and the carbon chain are critical to the spin transport modes. In the parallel magnetization configuration of two electrodes, pure spin current is observed in both linear and nonlinear regions. However, in the antiparallel configuration, the spin-up (down) current is prohibited under the positive (negative) voltage bias, which results in a spin rectification ratio of order 104. When edge carbon atoms are substituted with boron atoms to suppress the edge magnetization in one of the electrodes, we obtain a diode with current rectification ratio over 106. PMID:25142376

  11. Direct observation of a highly spin-polarized organic spinterface at room temperature

    PubMed Central

    Djeghloul, F.; Ibrahim, F.; Cantoni, M.; Bowen, M.; Joly, L.; Boukari, S.; Ohresser, P.; Bertran, F.; Le Fèvre, P.; Thakur, P.; Scheurer, F.; Miyamachi, T.; Mattana, R.; Seneor, P.; Jaafar, A.; Rinaldi, C.; Javaid, S.; Arabski, J.; Kappler, J. -P; Wulfhekel, W.; Brookes, N. B.; Bertacco, R.; Taleb-Ibrahimi, A.; Alouani, M.; Beaurepaire, E.; Weber, W.

    2013-01-01

    Organic semiconductors constitute promising candidates toward large-scale electronic circuits that are entirely spintronics-driven. Toward this goal, tunneling magnetoresistance values above 300% at low temperature suggested the presence of highly spin-polarized device interfaces. However, such spinterfaces have not been observed directly, let alone at room temperature. Thanks to experiments and theory on the model spinterface between phthalocyanine molecules and a Co single crystal surface, we clearly evidence a highly efficient spinterface. Spin-polarised direct and inverse photoemission experiments reveal a high degree of spin polarisation at room temperature at this interface. We measured a magnetic moment on the molecule's nitrogen π orbitals, which substantiates an ab-initio theoretical description of highly spin-polarised charge conduction across the interface due to differing spinterface formation mechanisms in each spin channel. We propose, through this example, a recipe to engineer simple organic-inorganic interfaces with remarkable spintronic properties that can endure well above room temperature. PMID:23412079

  12. (Evolution of nuclear collectivity at high spins and temperatures)

    SciTech Connect

    Baktash, C.

    1989-09-28

    The traveler attended and presented an invited talk entitled Evolution of nuclear collectivity at high spins and temperatures'' at the XII Workshop on Nuclear Physics at Iguazu Falls, Argentina. Following the conference, the traveler visited the TANDAR Laboratory in Buenos Aires, Argentina, for two weeks. This trip was the first by one of the principal investigators of an ORNL-TANDAR exchange program that was recently approved and funded by the NSF. The results of the extensive consultations that the traveler had with his Argentine collaborators, A. J. Kreiner and G. Garcia-Bermudez, can be summarized as follows: (1) discussed the spectroscopy work on several nuclei of common interest that are being studied at the two laboratories, (2) agreed on the first joint experiments to be performed at the Holifield and TANDAR facilities, (3) developed a tentative timetable for the future visits by both groups, and (4) continued with the analysis of data on {sup 82}Sr taken earlier at ORNL in collaboration with Dr. Garcia-Bermudez.

  13. Highly reliable spin-coated titanium dioxide dielectric

    SciTech Connect

    Mondal, Sandip Kumar, Arvind; Rao, K. S. R. Koteswara; Venkataraman, V.

    2016-05-23

    Dielectric degradation as low as 0.3 % has been observed for a highly reliable Titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) film after constant voltage stressing (CVS) with – 4 V for 10{sup 5} second at room temperature (300 K). The film was fabricated by sol –gel spin – coating method on a lightly doped p-Si (~10{sup 15} cm{sup −3}) substrate. The equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) is 7 nm with a dielectric constant 33 (at 1 MHz). Metal – Oxide – Semiconductor (MOS) capacitors have been fabricated with an optimum annealing temperature of 800°C for one hour in a preheated furnace. The dielectric degradation is annealing temperature dependent. A degradation of 1.4 %, 1.2 % and 1.1 % has been observed for 400°C, 600°C and 1000°C temperature annealed MOS respectively. The dielectric degradation increases below or above the optimum temperature of annealing.

  14. High-spin band structure of 192Tl

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kreiner, A. J.; Filevich, A.; García Bermúdez, G.; Mariscotti, M. A. J.; Baktash, C.; der Mateosian, E.; Thieberger, P.

    1980-03-01

    High-spin states in 192Tl, excited through the 181Ta(18O,7n) and 181Ta(16O,5n) reactions, were studied using in-beam γ-ray spectroscopic techniques. Excitation functions, activity spectra, γ-ray angular distributions, and multidimensional coincidences were measured. The strongly Coríolis-distorted π~h92×ν~i132 two-quasiparticle band already known in the heavier 194,196,198Tl isotopes has also been found in this case based on an Iπ=8- isomeric state at 250.6 keV above the known long-lived 7+ level. Trends already noted in the other Tl isotopes and also predicted by two-quasiparticle plus-rotor model calculations are confirmed thus reinforcing such a theoretical description. NUCLEAR REACTIONS 181Ta(18O,xnγ), E=105-125 MeV; 181Ta(16O,xnγ), E=95-105 MeV; measured Eγ, Iγ, σ(E, Eγ, θγ), γ-γ coin.; 192Tl levels deduced, J, π, T12. Natural target. Ge(Li) detectors.

  15. Spin-orbit contributions in high-spin nitrenes/carbenes: a hybrid CASSCF/MRMP2 study of zero-field splitting tensors.

    PubMed

    Sugisaki, Kenji; Toyota, Kazuo; Sato, Kazunobu; Shiomi, Daisuke; Kitagawa, Masahiro; Takui, Takeji

    2010-10-04

    Zero-field splitting (ZFS) tensors (D tensors) of organic high-spin oligonitrenes/oligocarbenes up to spin-septet are quantitatively determined on the basis of quantum chemical calculations. The spin-orbit contributions, D(SO) tensors are calculated in terms of a hybrid CASSCF/MRMP2 approach, which was recently proposed by us. The spin-spin counterparts, D(SS) tensors are computed based on McWeeny-Mizuno's equation in conjunction with the RODFT spin densities. The present calculations show that more than 10% of ZFS arises from spin-orbit interactions in the high-spin nitrenes under study. Contributions of spin-bearing site-site interactions are estimated with the aid of a semi-empirical model for the D tensors and found to be ca. 5% of the D(SO) tensor. The analysis of intermediate states reveal that the largest contributions to the calculated D(SO) tensors are attributed to intra-site spin flip excitations and delocalized π and π* orbitals play an important role in the inter-site spin-orbit interactions.

  16. Magnetic field tunability of spin-polarized excitations in a high-temperature magnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holinsworth, B. S.; Sims, H.; Cherian, J. G.; Mazumdar, D.; Harms, N. C.; Chapman, B. C. L.; Gupta, A.; McGill, S. A.; Musfeldt, J. L.

    2017-09-01

    We bring together magnetic circular dichroism, photoconductivity, and complementary first-principles calculations in order to unravel spin-charge interactions in the high Curie temperature magnet NiFe2O4 . Analysis uncovers a massive set of well-isolated spin-down states, a metamagnetic transition involving spin on the Ni center that switches the electronic structure of this system, and photoconductivity that depends on the magnetic field. These findings open the door for the creation and control of spin-polarized excitations from minority channel charge transfer in spinel ferrites.

  17. Energy Band and Josephson Dynamics of Spin-Orbit Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xin; Yu, Zi-Fa; Xue, Ju-Kui

    2015-10-01

    We theoretically investigate the energy band structure and Josephson dynamics of a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate in a double-well potential. We study the energy band structure and the corresponding tunneling dynamics of the system by properly adjusting the SO coupling, Raman coupling, Zeeman field and atomic interactions. The coupled effects of SO coupling, Raman coupling, Zeeman field and atomic interactions lead to the appearance of complex energy band structure including the loop structure. Particularly, the emergence of the loop structure in energy band also depends on SO coupling, Raman coupling, Zeeman field and atomic interactions. Correspondingly, the Josephson dynamics of the system are strongly related to the energy band structure. Especially, the emergence of the loop structure results in complex tunneling dynamics, including suppression-revival transitions and self-trapping of atoms transfer between two spin states and two wells. This engineering provides a possible means for studying energy level and corresponding dynamics of two-species SO coupled BECs. Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 11274255 and 11305132, by Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China under Grant No. 20136203110001, by the Natural Science Foundation of Gansu province under Grant No. 2011GS04358, and by Creation of Science and Technology of Northwest Normal University under Grant Nos. NWNU-KJCXGC-03-48, NWNU-LKQN-12-12

  18. High-energy neutrino astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montaruli, Teresa

    2012-07-01

    Neutrino astronomy, conceptually conceived four decades ago, has entered an exciting phase for providing results on the quest for the sources of the observed highest energy particles. IceCube and ANTARES are now completed and are scanning in space and time possible signals of high energy neutrinos indicating the existence of such sources. DeepCore, inside IceCube, is a playground for vetoed neutrino measurement with better potential below 1 TeV. A larger and denser detector is now being discussed. ARA, now in test phase, will be composed by radio stations that could cover up to ~ 100 km2 and aims at the highest energy region of cosmogenic neutrinos. The non observation of cosmic events is on one side a source of disappointment, on the other it represents by itself an important result. If seen in the context of a multi-messenger science, the combination of photon and cosmic ray experiment results brings invaluable information. The experimental upper bounds of the cubic-kilometer telescope IceCube are now below the theoretical upper bounds for extragalactic fluxes of neutrinos from optically thin sources. These are responsible for accelerating the extragalactic cosmic rays. Such limits constrain the role of gamma-ray bursts, described by the fireball picture, as sources of ultra-high energy cosmic rays. Neutrino telescopes are exciting running multi-task experiments that produce astrophysics and particle physics results some of which have been illustrated at this conference and are summarized in this report.

  19. High-energy magnon dispersion and multimagnon continuum in the two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Sandvik, A W; Singh, R R

    2001-01-15

    We use quantum Monte Carlo simulations and numerical analytic continuation to study high-energy spin excitations in the two-dimensional S = 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet at low temperature. We present results for both the transverse (x) and longitudinal (z) dynamic spin structure factors Sx,z(q,omega) at q = (pi,0) and (pi/2, pi/2). Linear spin-wave theory predicts no dispersion on the line connecting these momenta. Our calculations show that in fact the magnon energy at (pi,0) is 10% lower than at (pi/2, pi/2). We also discuss the transverse and longitudinal multimagnon continua and their relevance to neutron scattering experiments.

  20. High energy density aluminum battery

    DOEpatents

    Brown, Gilbert M.; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans; Dai, Sheng; Dudney, Nancy J.; Manthiram, Arumugan; McIntyre, Timothy J.; Sun, Xiao-Guang; Liu, Hansan

    2016-10-11

    Compositions and methods of making are provided for a high energy density aluminum battery. The battery comprises an anode comprising aluminum metal. The battery further comprises a cathode comprising a material capable of intercalating aluminum or lithium ions during a discharge cycle and deintercalating the aluminum or lithium ions during a charge cycle. The battery further comprises an electrolyte capable of supporting reversible deposition and stripping of aluminum at the anode, and reversible intercalation and deintercalation of aluminum or lithium at the cathode.

  1. Cosmology for high energy physicists

    SciTech Connect

    Albrecht, A.

    1987-11-01

    The standard big bang model of cosmology is presented. Although not perfect, its many successes make it a good starting point for most discussions of cosmology. Places are indicated where well understood laboratory physics is incorporated into the big bang, leading to successful predictions. Much less established aspects of high energy physics and some of the new ideas they have introduced into the field of cosmology are discussed, such as string theory, inflation and monopoles. 49 refs., 5 figs.

  2. A high energy physics perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Marciano, W.J.

    1997-01-13

    The status of the Standard model and role of symmetry in its development are reviewed. Some outstanding problems are surveyed and possible solutions in the form of additional {open_quotes}Hidden Symmetries {close_quotes} are discussed. Experimental approaches to uncover {open_quotes}New Physics{close_quotes} associated with those symmetries are described with emphasis on high energy colliders. An outlook for the future is given.

  3. High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1970-01-01

    This schematic details the third High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-3. The HEAO-3's mission was to survey and map the celestial sphere for gamma-ray flux and make detailed measurements of cosmic-ray particles. It carried three scientific experiments: a gamma-ray spectrometer, a cosmic-ray isotope experiment, and a heavy cosmic-ray nuclei experiment. The HEAO-3 was originally identified as HEAO-C but the designation was changed once the spacecraft achieved orbit.

  4. High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1978-11-13

    The launch of an Atlas/Centaur launch vehicle is shown in this photograph. The Atlas/Centaur, launched on November 13, 1978, carried the High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO)-2 into the required orbit. The second observatory, the HEAO-2 (nicknamed the Einstein Observatory in honor of the centernial of the birth of Albert Einstein) carried the first telescope capable of producing actual photographs of x-ray objects.

  5. Isolated Spin Qubits in SiC with a High-Fidelity Infrared Spin-to-Photon Interface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Christle, David J.; Klimov, Paul V.; de las Casas, Charles F.; Szász, Krisztián; Ivády, Viktor; Jokubavicius, Valdas; Ul Hassan, Jawad; Syväjärvi, Mikael; Koehl, William F.; Ohshima, Takeshi; Son, Nguyen T.; Janzén, Erik; Gali, Ádám; Awschalom, David D.

    2017-04-01

    The divacancies in SiC are a family of paramagnetic defects that show promise for quantum communication technologies due to their long-lived electron spin coherence and their optical addressability at near-telecom wavelengths. Nonetheless, a high-fidelity spin-photon interface, which is a crucial prerequisite for such technologies, has not yet been demonstrated. Here, we demonstrate that such an interface exists in isolated divacancies in epitaxial films of 3C-SiC and 4H-SiC. Our data show that divacancies in 4H-SiC have minimal undesirable spin mixing, and that the optical linewidths in our current sample are already similar to those of recent remote entanglement demonstrations in other systems. Moreover, we find that 3C-SiC divacancies have a millisecond Hahn-echo spin coherence time, which is among the longest measured in a naturally isotopic solid. The presence of defects with these properties in a commercial semiconductor that can be heteroepitaxially grown as a thin film on Si shows promise for future quantum networks based on SiC defects.

  6. Spin currents injected electrically and thermally from highly spin polarized Co{sub 2}MnSi

    SciTech Connect

    Pfeiffer, Alexander; Reeve, Robert M.; Kronenberg, Alexander; Jourdan, Martin; Kläui, Mathias; Hu, Shaojie; Kimura, Takashi

    2015-08-24

    We demonstrate the injection and detection of electrically and thermally generated spin currents probed in Co{sub 2}MnSi/Cu lateral spin valves. Devices with different electrode separations are patterned to measure the non-local signal as a function of the electrode spacing and we determine a relatively high effective spin polarization α of Co{sub 2}MnSi to be 0.63 and the spin diffusion length of Cu to be 500 nm at room temperature. The electrically generated non-local signal is measured as a function of temperature and a maximum signal is observed for a temperature of 80 K. The thermally generated non-local signal is measured as a function of current density and temperature in a second harmonic measurement detection scheme. We find different temperature dependences for the electrically and thermally generated non-local signals, which allows us to conclude that the temperature dependence of the signals is not just dominated by the transport in the Cu wire, but there is a crucial contribution from the different generation mechanisms, which has been largely disregarded till date.

  7. Energy spectrum and critical exponents of the free parafermion Z N spin chain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alcaraz, Francisco C.; Batchelor, Murray T.; Liu, Zi-Zhong

    2017-04-01

    Results are given for the ground state energy and excitation spectrum of a simple N-state Z N spin chain described by free parafermions. The model is non-Hermitian for N≥slant 3 with a real ground state energy and a complex excitation spectrum. Although having a simpler Hamiltonian than the superintegrable chiral Potts model, the model is seen to share some properties with it, e.g. the specific heat exponent α =1-2/N and the anisotropic correlation length exponents {ν\\parallel}=1 and {ν\\bot}=2/N .

  8. Finite-energy spin fluctuations as a pairing glue in systems with coexisting electron and hole bands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakata, Masahiro; Ogura, Daisuke; Usui, Hidetomo; Kuroki, Kazuhiko

    2017-06-01

    We study, within the fluctuation-exchange approximation, the spin-fluctuation-mediated superconductivity in Hubbard-type models possessing electron and hole bands, and compare them with a model on a square lattice with a large Fermi surface. In the large Fermi surface model, superconductivity is more enhanced for better nesting for a fixed band filling. By contrast, in the models with electron and hole bands, superconductivity is optimized when the Fermi surface nesting is degraded to some extent, where finite-energy spin fluctuations around the nesting vector develop. The difference lies in the robustness of the nesting vector, namely, in models with electron and hole bands, the wave vector at which the spin susceptibility is maximized is fixed even when the nesting is degraded, whereas when the Fermi surface is large, the nesting vector varies with the deformation of the Fermi surface. We also discuss the possibility of realizing in actual materials the bilayer Hubbard model, which is a simple model with electron and hole bands, and is expected to have a very high Tc.

  9. High energy overcurrent protective device

    DOEpatents

    Praeg, Walter F.

    1982-01-01

    Electrical loads connected to capacitance elements in high voltage direct current systems are protected from damage by capacitance discharge overcurrents by connecting between the capacitance element and the load, a longitudinal inductor comprising a bifilar winding wound about a magnetic core, which forms an incomplete magnetic circuit. A diode is connected across a portion of the bifilar winding which conducts a unidirectional current only. Energy discharged from the capacitance element is stored in the inductor and then dissipated in an L-R circuit including the diode and the coil winding. Multiple high voltage circuits having capacitance elements may be connected to loads through bifilar windings all wound about the aforementioned magnetic core.

  10. Nuclear shape transitions and some properties of aligned-particle configurations at high spin

    SciTech Connect

    Koo, T.L.; Chowdhury, P.; Emling, H.

    1982-01-01

    Two topics are addressed in this paper. First, we discuss the variation of shapes with spin and neutron number for nuclei in the N approx. = 88 transitional region. Second, we present comments on the feeding times of very high spin single-particle yrast states.

  11. Low Energy Building for High Energy People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School and University, 1982

    1982-01-01

    The Huston Huffman Center at the University of Oklahoma's Norman campus has a jogging track as well as facilities for exercise and court games that are fully accessible to the handicapped. The building is set eight feet in the ground both to reduce its bulk and to conserve energy. (Author/MLF)

  12. Low Energy Building for High Energy People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School and University, 1982

    1982-01-01

    The Huston Huffman Center at the University of Oklahoma's Norman campus has a jogging track as well as facilities for exercise and court games that are fully accessible to the handicapped. The building is set eight feet in the ground both to reduce its bulk and to conserve energy. (Author/MLF)

  13. High Energy Density Extended Solids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoo, Choong-Shik

    2009-06-01

    Application of high pressure significantly alters the interatomic distance and, thus, the nature of intermolecular interaction, chemical bonding, molecular configuration, crystal structure, and stability of solid. With modern advances in high-pressure technologies, it is feasible to achieve a large (often up to a several-fold) compression of lattice, at which condition material can be easily forced into a new physical and chemical configuration. The high-pressure thus offers enhanced opportunities to discover new phases, both stable and metastable ones, and to tune novel properties in a wide-range of atomistic length scale, substantially greater than (often being several orders of) those achieved by other thermal (varying temperatures) and chemical (varying composition or making alloys) means. Over the past decade or two, a large number of new materials and novel phenomena have been discovered and predicted at extreme pressure-temperature conditions. Commonly observed under extreme conditions is the transformation of solids into more compact structures with itinerant electrons such as metallic and nonmetallic extended phases. Nonmolecular extended solids, particularly made of low Z elements such as hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine, constitute a new class of high energy density solids, which can store a large sum of energy in their three-dimensional network structure (˜ several eV/bond). Yet, a large cohesive energy of singly bonded (or sp3 hybridized) electrons gives rise to an extremely stiff lattice and novel electronic and optical properties. Broadly speaking, these molecular-to-nonmolecular transitions occur due to electron delocalization manifested as a rapid increase in electron kinetic energy at high density, but there are many outstanding questions as well regarding the exact nature of chemical bonding, phase stability, chemical mechanisms, and so on. These questions constitute fundamental chemistry unique to extreme pressure

  14. Entanglement of two qubits coupled to an XY spin chain: Role of energy current

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Ben-Qiong; Shao, Bin; Zou, Jian

    2009-12-01

    We investigate the entanglement dynamics of a two-qubit system which interacts with a Heisenberg XY spin chain constrained to carry an energy current. We show an explicit connection between the decoherence factor and entanglement, and numerically and analytically study the dynamical process of entanglement in both weak- and strong-coupling cases for two initial states, the general pure state and the mixed Werner state. We provide results that the entanglement evolution depends not only on the energy current, the anisotropy parameter and the system-environment couplings but also on the size of degrees of freedom of environment. In particular, our results imply that entanglement will be strongly suppressed by the introduction of energy current on the environmental spin chain in the weak-coupling region while it is not sensitive to the energy current in the strong-coupling region. We also observe the sudden death of entanglement in the system and show how the energy current affects the phenomenon.

  15. Entanglement of two qubits coupled to an XY spin chain: Role of energy current

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Benqiong; Shao Bin; Zou Jian

    2009-12-15

    We investigate the entanglement dynamics of a two-qubit system which interacts with a Heisenberg XY spin chain constrained to carry an energy current. We show an explicit connection between the decoherence factor and entanglement, and numerically and analytically study the dynamical process of entanglement in both weak- and strong-coupling cases for two initial states, the general pure state and the mixed Werner state. We provide results that the entanglement evolution depends not only on the energy current, the anisotropy parameter and the system-environment couplings but also on the size of degrees of freedom of environment. In particular, our results imply that entanglement will be strongly suppressed by the introduction of energy current on the environmental spin chain in the weak-coupling region while it is not sensitive to the energy current in the strong-coupling region. We also observe the sudden death of entanglement in the system and show how the energy current affects the phenomenon.

  16. High-spin states in the five-valence-particle nucleus {sup 213}Po

    SciTech Connect

    Astier, Alain; Porquet, Marie-Genevieve

    2011-03-15

    Excited states in {sup 213}Po have been populated using the {sup 18}O+ {sup 208}Pb reaction at 85 MeV beam energy and studied with the Euroball IV {gamma} multidetector array. The level scheme has been built up to {approx}2.0 MeV excitation energy and spin I{approx}25/2({h_bar}/2{pi}) from the triple {gamma} coincidence data. Spin and parity values of several yrast states have been assigned from the {gamma} angular properties. The configurations of the yrast states are discussed using results of empirical shell-model calculations and by analogy with the neighboring nuclei. The spin and parity values of several low-spin states of {sup 213}Po previously identified from the {beta} decay of {sup 213}Bi are revised.

  17. A density functional theory study of the zero-field splitting in high-spin nitrenes.

    PubMed

    Misochko, Eugenii Ya; Korchagin, Denis V; Bozhenko, Konstantin V; Chapyshev, Sergei V; Aldoshin, Sergei M

    2010-08-14

    This work presents a detailed evaluation of the performance of density functional theory (DFT) for the prediction of zero-field splittings (ZFSs) in high-spin nitrenes. A number of well experimentally characterized triplet mononitrenes, quartet nitrenoradicals, quintet dinitrenes, and septet trinitrenes have been considered. Several DFT-based approaches for the prediction of ZFSs have been compared. It is shown that the unrestricted Kohn-Sham and the Pederson-Khanna approaches are the most successful for the estimation of the direct spin-spin (SS) interaction and the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) parts, respectively, to the final ZFS parameters. The most accurate theoretical predictions (within 10%) are achieved by using the PBE density functional in combination with the DZ, EPR-II, and TZV basis sets. For high-spin nitrenes constituted from light atoms, the contribution of the SOC part to ZFS parameters is quite small (7%-12%). By contrast, for chlorine-substituted septet trinitrenes, the contribution of the SOC part is small only to D value but, in the case of E value, it is as large as the SS part and has opposite sign. Due to this partial cancellation of two different contributions, SS and SOC, the resulting values of E in heavy molecules are almost two times smaller than those predicted by analysis of the widely used semiempirical one-center spin-spin interaction model. The decomposition of D(SS) into n-center (n=1-4) interactions shows that the major contribution to D(SS) results from the one-center spin-spin interactions. This fact indicates that the semiempirical SS interaction model accurately predicts the ZFS parameters for all types of high-spin nitrenes with total spin S=2 and 3, if their molecules are constructed from the first-row atoms.

  18. A density functional theory study of the zero-field splitting in high-spin nitrenes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Misochko, Eugenii Ya.; Korchagin, Denis V.; Bozhenko, Konstantin V.; Chapyshev, Sergei V.; Aldoshin, Sergei M.

    2010-08-01

    This work presents a detailed evaluation of the performance of density functional theory (DFT) for the prediction of zero-field splittings (ZFSs) in high-spin nitrenes. A number of well experimentally characterized triplet mononitrenes, quartet nitrenoradicals, quintet dinitrenes, and septet trinitrenes have been considered. Several DFT-based approaches for the prediction of ZFSs have been compared. It is shown that the unrestricted Kohn-Sham and the Pederson-Khanna approaches are the most successful for the estimation of the direct spin-spin (SS) interaction and the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) parts, respectively, to the final ZFS parameters. The most accurate theoretical predictions (within 10%) are achieved by using the PBE density functional in combination with the DZ, EPR-II, and TZV basis sets. For high-spin nitrenes constituted from light atoms, the contribution of the SOC part to ZFS parameters is quite small (7%-12%). By contrast, for chlorine-substituted septet trinitrenes, the contribution of the SOC part is small only to D value but, in the case of E value, it is as large as the SS part and has opposite sign. Due to this partial cancellation of two different contributions, SS and SOC, the resulting values of E in heavy molecules are almost two times smaller than those predicted by analysis of the widely used semiempirical one-center spin-spin interaction model. The decomposition of DSS into n-center (n =1-4) interactions shows that the major contribution to DSS results from the one-center spin-spin interactions. This fact indicates that the semiempirical SS interaction model accurately predicts the ZFS parameters for all types of high-spin nitrenes with total spin S =2 and 3, if their molecules are constructed from the first-row atoms.

  19. High spin polarization and the origin of unique ferromagnetic ground state in CuFeSb

    SciTech Connect

    Sirohi, Anshu; Saha, Preetha; Gayen, Sirshendu; Gaurav, Abhishek; Jyotsna, Shubhra; Sheet, Goutam; Singh, Chandan K.; Kabir, Mukul; Thakur, Gohil S.; Haque, Zeba; Gupta, L. C.; Ganguli, Ashok K.

    2016-06-13

    CuFeSb is isostructural to the ferro-pnictide and chalcogenide superconductors and it is one of the few materials in the family that are known to stabilize in a ferromagnetic ground state. Majority of the members of this family are either superconductors or antiferromagnets. Therefore, CuFeSb may be used as an ideal source of spin polarized current in spin-transport devices involving pnictide and the chalcogenide superconductors. However, for that the Fermi surface of CuFeSb needs to be sufficiently spin polarized. In this paper we report direct measurement of transport spin polarization in CuFeSb by spin-resolved Andreev reflection spectroscopy. From a number of measurements using multiple superconducting tips we found that the intrinsic transport spin polarization in CuFeSb is high (∼47%). In order to understand the unique ground state of CuFeSb and the origin of large spin polarization at the Fermi level, we have evaluated the spin-polarized band structure of CuFeSb through first principles calculations. Apart from supporting the observed 47% transport spin polarization, such calculations also indicate that the Sb-Fe-Sb angles and the height of Sb from the Fe plane are strikingly different for CuFeSb than the equivalent parameters in other members of the same family thereby explaining the origin of the unique ground state of CuFeSb.

  20. A new Skyrme energy density functional for a better description of spin-isospin resonances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roca-Maza, X.; Colò, G.; Cao, Li-Gang; Sagawa, H.

    2015-10-01

    A correct determination of the isospin and spin-isospin properties of the nuclear effective interaction should lead to an accurate description of the Gamow-Teller resonance (GT), the Spin Dipole Resonance (SDR), the Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) or the Antianalog Giant Dipole Resonance (AGDR), among others. A new Skyrme energy density functional named SAMi is introduced with the aim of going a step forward in setting the bases for a more precise description of spin-isospin resonances [1, 2]. In addition, we will discuss some new features of our analysis on the AGDR in 208Pb [3] as compared with available experimental data on this resonance [4, 5, 6], and on the GDR [7]. Such study, guided by a simple yet physical pocket formula, has been developed by employing the so called SAMi-J family of systematically varied interactions. This set of interactions is compatible with experimental data for values of the symmetry energy at saturation J and slope parameter L falling in the ranges 31-33 MeV and 75-95 MeV, respectively.

  1. A new Skyrme energy density functional for a better description of spin-isospin resonances

    SciTech Connect

    Roca-Maza, X.; Colò, G.; Cao, Li-Gang; Sagawa, H.

    2015-10-15

    A correct determination of the isospin and spin-isospin properties of the nuclear effective interaction should lead to an accurate description of the Gamow-Teller resonance (GT), the Spin Dipole Resonance (SDR), the Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) or the Antianalog Giant Dipole Resonance (AGDR), among others. A new Skyrme energy density functional named SAMi is introduced with the aim of going a step forward in setting the bases for a more precise description of spin-isospin resonances [1, 2]. In addition, we will discuss some new features of our analysis on the AGDR in {sup 208}Pb [3] as compared with available experimental data on this resonance [4, 5, 6], and on the GDR [7]. Such study, guided by a simple yet physical pocket formula, has been developed by employing the so called SAMi-J family of systematically varied interactions. This set of interactions is compatible with experimental data for values of the symmetry energy at saturation J and slope parameter L falling in the ranges 31−33 MeV and 75−95 MeV, respectively.

  2. Relation between the Co-O bond lengths and the spin state of Co in layered Cobaltates: a high-pressure study.

    PubMed

    Chin, Yi-Ying; Lin, Hong-Ji; Hu, Zhiwei; Kuo, Chang-Yang; Mikhailova, Daria; Lee, Jenn-Min; Haw, Shu-Chih; Chen, Shin-An; Schnelle, Walter; Ishii, Hirofumi; Hiraoka, Nozomu; Liao, Yen-Fa; Tsuei, Ku-Ding; Tanaka, Arata; Hao Tjeng, Liu; Chen, Chien-Te; Chen, Jin-Ming

    2017-06-16

    The pressure-response of the Co-O bond lengths and the spin state of Co ions in a hybrid 3d-5d solid-state oxide Sr2Co0.5Ir0.5O4 with a layered K2NiF4-type structure was studied by using hard X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies. The Co-K and the Ir-L 3 X-ray absorption spectra demonstrate that the Ir(5+) and the Co(3+) valence states at ambient conditions are not affected by pressure. The Co Kβ emission spectra, on the other hand, revealed a gradual spin state transition of Co(3+) ions from a high-spin (S = 2) state at ambient pressure to a complete low-spin state (S = 0) at 40 GPa without crossing the intermediate spin state (S = 1). This can be well understood from our calculated phase diagram in which we consider the energies of the low spin, intermediate spin and high spin states of Co(3+) ions as a function of the anisotropic distortion of the octahedral local coordination in the layered oxide. We infer that a short in-plane Co-O bond length (<1.90 Å) as well as a very large ratio of Co-Oapex/Co-Oin-plane is needed to stabilize the IS Co(3+), a situation which is rarely met in reality.

  3. High-Fidelity Microwave Control of Single-Atom Spin Qubits in Silicon

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-08

    Spin energy levels and transitions of the electron-nuclear system . . . . . . . . . 13 1.4 Magnetic resonance driving a spin rotation...relevant in the following chapters. 1.1 Motivation: Building a quantum computer In the early 1980s the myriad of potential applications for computers...information processor comes from the use quantum bits or qubits [2], consisting of a quantum two- level system. Quantum two- level systems have two

  4. Average magnetic moments of pre-yrast high spin states in {sup 166,165}Hf

    SciTech Connect

    Weissman, L.; Hass, M.; Broude, C.

    1996-01-01

    The average magnetic moments of high spin states in Hf isotopes were determined in a transient field measurement at the 14 MV Koffler accelerator of the Weizmann Institute. The reaction {sup 130}Te({sup 40}Ca,{ital xn}){sup 166,165}Hf at beam energies from 167 to 182.5 MeV was used to populate different high spin regions and provide the recoiling Hf nuclei with sufficient velocity to traverse the 2.9 mg/cm{sup 2} Gd ferromagnetic layer. Standard double ratios and angular distributions for various low level transitions were measured to determine precession angles. These carry information regarding the average {ital g} factor of unobservable transitions at medium excitation. To obtain a more quantitative analysis regarding the time-decay history of the {gamma} cascade, Monte Carlo simulations of the cascade were carried out. The significance of the results for understanding the single particle nature of these pre-yrast levels is discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  5. Pion exchange at high energies

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, L.M.

    1980-07-01

    The state of Regge pion exchange calculations for high-energy reactions is reviewed. Experimental evidence is summarized to show that (i) the pion trajectory has a slope similar to that of other trajectories; (ii) the pion exchange contribution can dominate contributions of higher trajectories up to quite a large energy; (iii) many two-body cross sections with large pion contributions can be fit only by models which allow for kinematical conspiracy at t=0. The theory of kinematic conspiracy is reviewed for two-body amplitudes, and calculations of the conspiring pion--Pomeron cut discussed. The author then summarizes recent work on pion exchange in Reggeized Deck models for multiparticle final states, with emphasis on the predictions of various models (with and without resonances) for phases of the partial wave amplitudes.

  6. Study of spin-temperature effects using energy-ordered gamma-ray spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Baktash, C.

    1990-01-01

    We investigated a new continuum {gamma}-ray spectroscopy technique which is based on the detection of all emitted {gamma} rays in a 4{pi} detector system, and ordering them according to their energies on an event-by-event basis. The technique allows determination of growth strength functions, and rotational damping width as a function of spin and temperature. Thus, it opens up the possibility of studying the onset of motional narrowing and the mapping of the evolution of nuclear collectivity with spin and temperature. Application of the technique for preferential entry-state population, exit-channel selection, and feeding of the discrete states via selective pathways will be discussed. 19 refs., 6 figs.

  7. Manipulating energy and spin currents in non-equilibrium systems of interacting qubits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Popkov, V.; Livi, R.

    2013-02-01

    We consider a generic interacting chain of qubits, which are coupled at the edges to baths of fixed polarizations. We can determine the non-equilibrium steady states, described by the fixed point of the Lindblad master equation. Under rather general assumptions about local pumping and interactions, symmetries of the reduced density matrix are revealed. The symmetries drastically restrict the form of the steady density matrices in such a way that an exponentially large subset of one-point and many-point correlation functions are found to vanish. As an example we show how in a Heisenberg spin chain a suitable choice of the baths can completely switch off either the spin or the energy current, or both of them, despite the presence of large boundary gradients.

  8. Quantitative prediction and interpretation of spin energy gaps in polyradicals: the virtual magnetic balance.

    PubMed

    Barone, Vincenzo; Cacelli, Ivo; Ferretti, Alessandro; Prampolini, Giacomo

    2017-03-29

    Open-shell organic molecules possessing more than two unpaired electrons and sufficient stability even at room temperature are very unusual, but few were recently synthesized that promise a number of fascinating applications. Unfortunately, reliable structural information is not available and only lower limits can be estimated for energy splittings between the different spin states. On these grounds, we introduce here an effective 'virtual magnetic balance', a robust and user-friendly tool purposely tailored for polyradicals and devised to be used in parallel with experimental studies. The main objective of this tool is to provide reliable structures and quantitative splittings of spin states of large, complex molecules. We achieved this objective with reasonable computation times and in a theoretical framework that allows disentanglement of different stereo-electronic effects contributing to the overall experimental result. A recently synthesized tetraradical with remarkable chemical stability was used as a case study.

  9. Renormalized Stress-Energy Tensor of an Evaporating Spinning Black Hole.

    PubMed

    Levi, Adam; Eilon, Ehud; Ori, Amos; van de Meent, Maarten

    2017-04-07

    We provide the first calculation of the renormalized stress-energy tensor (RSET) of a quantum field in Kerr spacetime (describing a stationary spinning black hole). More specifically, we employ a recently developed mode-sum regularization method to compute the RSET of a minimally coupled massless scalar field in the Unruh vacuum state, the quantum state corresponding to an evaporating black hole. The computation is done here for the case a=0.7M, using two different variants of the method: t splitting and φ splitting, yielding good agreement between the two (in the domain where both are applicable). We briefly discuss possible implications of the results for computing semiclassical corrections to certain quantities, and also for simulating dynamical evaporation of a spinning black hole.

  10. Pioneer spacecraft operation at low and high spin rates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    The feasibility of executing major changes upward or downward from the nominal spin rate for which the Pioneer F&G spacecraft was designed was investigated along with the extent of system and subsystem modifications required to implement these mode changes in future spacecraft evolving from the baseline Pioneer F and G. Results of a previous study are re-examined and updated for an extended range of spin rate variations for missions that include outer planet orbiters, outer planet flyby and outer planet probe delivery. However, in the interest of design simplicity and cost economy, major modifications of the baseline Pioneer system and subsystem concept were avoided.

  11. On numerical nonlinear analysis of highly flexible spinning cantilevers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Utku, S.; El-Essawi, M.; Salama, M.

    1981-01-01

    The general nonlinear discretized equations of motion of spinning elastic solids and structures are derived as a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations for the case when the strain-displacement and velocity-displacement relations are nonlinear up to the second order. It is shown that the cost of generation of such equations is proportional to the fourth power of the number of degrees of freedom. A computer program is written to automatically generate the equations for the case of spinning cantilevers with initial imperfections. The types and the number of the coordinate functions used in the trial solution are parameters of the program.

  12. Problems and Progress in Covariant High Spin Description

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirchbach, Mariana; Banda Guzmán, Víctor Miguel

    2016-10-01

    A universal description of particles with spins j > 1, transforming in (j, 0) ⊕ (0, j), is developed by means of representation specific second order differential wave equations without auxiliary conditions and in covariant bases such as Lorentz tensors for bosons, Lorentz-tensors with Dirac spinor components for fermions, or, within the basis of the more fundamental Weyl- Van-der-Waerden sl(2,C) spinor-tensors. At the root of the method, which is free from the pathologies suffered by the traditional approaches, are projectors constructed from the Casimir invariants of the spin-Lorentz group, and the group of translations in the Minkowski space time.

  13. Absence of high-temperature ballistic transport in the spin-1/2 XXX chain within the grand-canonical ensemble

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carmelo, J. M. P.; Prosen, T.

    2017-01-01

    Whether in the thermodynamic limit, vanishing magnetic field h → 0, and nonzero temperature the spin stiffness of the spin-1/2 XXX Heisenberg chain is finite or vanishes within the grand-canonical ensemble remains an unsolved and controversial issue, as different approaches yield contradictory results. Here we provide an upper bound on the stiffness and show that within that ensemble it vanishes for h → 0 in the thermodynamic limit of chain length L → ∞, at high temperatures T → ∞. Our approach uses a representation in terms of the L physical spins 1/2. For all configurations that generate the exact spin-S energy and momentum eigenstates such a configuration involves a number 2S of unpaired spins 1/2 in multiplet configurations and L - 2 S spins 1/2 that are paired within Msp = L / 2 - S spin-singlet pairs. The Bethe-ansatz strings of length n = 1 and n > 1 describe a single unbound spin-singlet pair and a configuration within which n pairs are bound, respectively. In the case of n > 1 pairs this holds both for ideal and deformed strings associated with n complex rapidities with the same real part. The use of such a spin 1/2 representation provides useful physical information on the problem under investigation in contrast to often less controllable numerical studies. Our results provide strong evidence for the absence of ballistic transport in the spin-1/2 XXX Heisenberg chain in the thermodynamic limit, for high temperatures T → ∞, vanishing magnetic field h → 0 and within the grand-canonical ensemble.

  14. Excess energy and decoherence factor of a qubit coupled to a one-dimensional periodically driven spin chain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nag, Tanay

    2016-06-01

    We take a central spin model (CSM), consisting of a one-dimensional environmental Ising spin chain and a single qubit connected globally to all the spins of the environment, to study the excess energy (EE) of the environment and the logarithm of decoherence factor namely, generalized fidelity susceptibility per site (GFSS), associated with the qubit under a periodic driving of the transverse field term of environment across its critical point using the Floquet theory. The coupling to the qubit, prepared in a pure state, with the transverse field of the spin chain yields two sets of EE corresponding to the two species of Floquet operators. In the limit of weak coupling, we derive an approximated expression of GFSS after an infinite number of driving period which can successfully estimate the low- and intermediate-frequency behavior of GFSS obtained numerically with a large number of time periods. Our main focus is to analytically investigate the effect of system-environment coupling strength on the EEs and GFSS and relate the behavior of GFSS to EEs as a function of frequency by plausible analytical arguments. We explicitly show that the low-frequency beatinglike pattern of GFSS is an outcome of two frequencies, causing the oscillations in the two branches of EEs, that are dependent on the coupling strength. In the intermediate frequency regime, dip structure observed in GFSS can be justified by the resonance peaks of EEs at those coupling parameter-dependent frequencies; high-frequency saturation behavior of EEs and GFSS are controlled by the same static Hamiltonian and the associated saturation values are related to the coupling strength.

  15. Spin-Relaxation Dynamics of E' Centers at High Density in SiO2 Thin Films for Single-Spin Tunneling Force Microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ambal, K.; Payne, A.; Waters, D. P.; Williams, C. C.; Boehme, C.

    2015-08-01

    The suitability of the spin dynamics of paramagnetic silicon dangling bonds (E' centers) in high-E'-density amorphous silicon dioxide (SiO2 ) as probe spins for single-spin tunneling force microscopy (SSTFM) is studied. SSTFM is a spin-selection-rule-based scanning-probe single-spin readout concept. Following the synthesis of SiO2 thin films on (111)-oriented crystalline-silicon substrates with room-temperature stable densities of [E'] >5 ×1018 cm-3 throughout the 60-nm thin film, pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy is conducted on the E' centers at temperatures between T =5 K and T =70 K . The measurements reveal that the spin coherence (the transverse spin-relaxation time T2) of these centers is significantly shortened compared to low-E'-density SiO2 films and within error margins not dependent on temperature. In contrast, the spin-flip times (the longitudinal relaxation times T1) are dependent on the temperature but with much weaker dependence than low-density SiO2 , with the greatest deviations from low-density SiO2 seen for T =5 K . These results, discussed in the context of the spin-relaxation dynamics of dangling-bond states of other silicon-based disordered solids, indicate the suitability of E' centers in high-density SiO2 as probe spins for SSTFM.

  16. Nanosecond-Timescale Low Energy Switching of In-Plane Magnetic Tunnel Junctions through Dynamic Oersted-Field-Assisted Spin Hall Effect.

    PubMed

    Aradhya, S V; Rowlands, G E; Oh, J; Ralph, D C; Buhrman, R A

    2016-10-12

    We investigate fast-pulse switching of in-plane-magnetized magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) within 3-terminal devices in which spin-transfer torque is applied to the MTJ by the giant spin Hall effect. We measure reliable switching, with write error rates down to 10(-5), using current pulses as short as just 2 ns in duration. This represents the fastest reliable switching reported to date for any spin-torque-driven magnetic memory geometry and corresponds to a characteristic time scale that is significantly shorter than predicted possible within a macrospin model for in-plane MTJs subject to thermal fluctuations at room temperature. Using micromagnetic simulations, we show that in the three-terminal spin-Hall devices the Oersted magnetic field generated by the pulse current strongly modifies the magnetic dynamics excited by the spin-Hall torque, enabling this unanticipated performance improvement. Our results suggest that in-plane MTJs controlled by Oersted-field-assisted spin-Hall torque are a promising candidate for both cache memory applications requiring high speed and for cryogenic memories requiring low write energies.

  17. Nutation and precession control of the High Energy Solar Physics (HESP) satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jayaraman, C. P.; Robertson, B. P.

    1993-01-01

    The High Energy Solar Physics (HESP) spacecraft is an intermediate class satellite proposed by NASA to study solar high-energy phenomena during the next cycle of high solar activity in the 1998 to 2005 time frame. The HESP spacecraft is a spinning satellite which points to the sun with stringent pointing requirements. The natural dynamics of a spinning satellite includes an undesirable effect: nutation, which is due to the presence of disturbances and offsets of the spin axis from the angular momentum vector. The proposed Attitude Control System (ACS) attenuates nutation with reaction wheels. Precessing the spacecraft to track the sun in the north-south and east-west directions is accomplished with the use of torques from magnetic torquer bars. In this paper, the basic dynamics of a spinning spacecraft are derived, control algorithms to meet HESP science requirements are discussed and simulation results to demonstrate feasibility of the ACS concept are presented.

  18. Nutation and precession control of the High Energy Solar Physics (HESP) satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jayaraman, C. P.; Robertson, B. P.

    1993-01-01

    The High Energy Solar Physics (HESP) spacecraft is an intermediate class satellite proposed by NASA to study solar high-energy phenomena during the next cycle of high solar activity in the 1998 to 2005 time frame. The HESP spacecraft is a spinning satellite which points to the sun with stringent pointing requirements. The natural dynamics of a spinning satellite includes an undesirable effect: nutation, which is due to the presence of disturbances and offsets of the spin axis from the angular momentum vector. The proposed Attitude Control System (ACS) attenuates nutation with reaction wheels. Precessing the spacecraft to track the sun in the north-south and east-west directions is accomplished with the use of torques from magnetic torquer bars. In this paper, the basic dynamics of a spinning spacecraft are derived, control algorithms to meet HESP science requirements are discussed and simulation results to demonstrate feasibility of the ACS concept are presented.

  19. Theoretical studies of possible toroidal high-spin isomers in the light-mass region

    DOE PAGES

    Staszczak, A.; Wong, Cheuk-Yin

    2016-05-11

    We review our theoretical knowledge of possible toroidal high-spin isomers in the light mass region in 28≤A≤52 obtained previously in cranked Skyrme-Hartree-Fock calculations. We report additional toroidal high-spin isomers in 56Ni with I=114ℏ and 140ℏ, which follow the same (multi-particle) (multi-hole) systematics as other toroidal high-spin isomers. We examine the production of these exotic nuclei by fusion of various projectiles on 20Ne or 28Si as an active target in time-projection-chamber (TPC) experiments.

  20. Theoretical studies of possible toroidal high-spin isomers in the light-mass region

    SciTech Connect

    Staszczak, A.; Wong, Cheuk-Yin

    2016-05-11

    We review our theoretical knowledge of possible toroidal high-spin isomers in the light mass region in 28≤A≤52 obtained previously in cranked Skyrme-Hartree-Fock calculations. We report additional toroidal high-spin isomers in 56Ni with I=114ℏ and 140ℏ, which follow the same (multi-particle) (multi-hole) systematics as other toroidal high-spin isomers. We examine the production of these exotic nuclei by fusion of various projectiles on 20Ne or 28Si as an active target in time-projection-chamber (TPC) experiments.