Sample records for hiina teel sotsialistlikku

  1. Derivation of temporary emergency exposure limits (TEELs).


    Craig, D K; Davis, J S; Hansen, D J; Petrocchi, A J; Powell, T J; Tuccinardi, T E


    Short-term chemical concentration limits are used in a variety of applications, including emergency planning and response, hazard assessment and safety analysis. Development of emergency response planning guidelines (ERPGs) and acute exposure guidance levels (AEGLs) are predicated on this need. Unfortunately, the development of peer-reviewed community exposure limits for emergency planning cannot be done rapidly (relatively few ERPGs or AEGLs are published each year). To be protective of Department of Energy (DOE) workers, on-site personnel and the adjacent general public, the DOE Subcommittee on Consequence Assessment and Protective Actions (SCAPA) has developed a methodology for deriving temporary emergency exposure limits (TEELs) to serve as temporary guidance until ERPGs or AEGLs can be developed. These TEELs are approximations to ERPGs to be used until peer-reviewed toxicology-based ERPGs, AEGL or equivalents can be developed. Originally, the TEEL method used only hierarchies of published concentration limits (e.g. PEL- or TLV-TWAs, -STELs or -Cs, and IDLHs) to provide estimated values approximating ERPGs. Published toxicity data (e.g. lc(50), lc(LO), ld(50) and ld(LO) for TEEL-3, and tc(LO) and td(LO) for TEEL-2) are included in the expanded method for deriving TEELs presented in this paper. The addition here of published toxicity data (in addition to the exposure limit hierarchy) enables TEELs to be developed for a much wider range of chemicals than before. Hierarchy-based values take precedence over toxicity-based values, and human toxicity data are used in preference to animal toxicity data. Subsequently, default assumptions based on statistical correlations of ERPGs at different levels (e.g. ratios of ERPG-3s to ERPG-2s) are used to calculate TEELs where there are gaps in the data. Most required input data are available in the literature and on CD ROMs, so the required TEELs for a new chemical can be developed quickly. The new TEEL hierarchy

  2. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (81st, Baltimore, Maryland, August 5-8, 1998). International--Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The International--Part II section of the Proceedings contains the following 20 papers: "An Economic Imperative: Privatization as Reflected in Business Reporting in the Middle East. Egypt as a Case Study" (Leonard Ray Teel, Hussein Amin, Shirley Biagi, and Carolyn Crimmins); "Broadcasting in South Africa: The Politics of Educational Radio" (Paul…

  3. Focus on Evaluation and Measurement. Proceedings of the National Research Symposium on Limited English Proficient Student Issues (Washington, D.C., September 1991). Volumes 1 and 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center


    This document is comprised of a two-volume conference proceedings. The first volume includes the following papers: "Application of Multiple Intelligences: Research in Alternative Assessment" (Joseph Walters) Discussants: Vera John-Steiner, Sue Teele; "Improving Bilingual Education Programs through Evaluation" (Alan L. Ginsburg); "Language Testing…

  4. Shifting Gears: From Coercion to Respect in Residential Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Leslie T.


    Charles Hall Youth Services (CHYS), a residential foster-care provider in Bismarck, North Dakota, desired to move from an adult-centered, punitive program model to a strength-based model with an emphasis on teaching critical life skills and behaviors to young clients. Through a partnership with the Teel Institute of Kansas City, Missouri, the…

  5. Consults for conflict: the history of ethics consultation

    PubMed Central


    The very existence of ethics consultation reflects both the increasing complexity of modern medicine's ethical questions and our discomfort with the prospect of answering them alone. Two developments in the past century were instrumental in driving the development of ethics consultation—organ replacement therapy and intensive care. With the proliferation of extreme life-prolonging measures came the thorny difficulties in the withdrawal of such services or rationing when resources were poor. Insofar as “someone must,” lamented Dr. Karen Teel (a pioneer of ethics consultation), the physician “is charged with the responsibility of making ethical judgments which we are sometimes ill-equipped to make.” More than anything, ethics consultation has come to best satisfy a central desire of American health care—sharing the responsibility for tough decisions. PMID:24082425

  6. A spectral reflectance study (0.4-2.5 μm) of selected playa evaporite mineral deposits and related geochemical processes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Crowley, James K.


    Playa evaporite mineral deposits show major compositional variations related to differences in lithology, hydrology, and groundwater geochemistry. The use of visible and near-infrared (VNIR) spectral reflectance measurements as a technique for investigating the mineralogy of playa efflorescent crusts is examined. Samples of efflorescent crust were collected from 4 playa: Bristol Dry Lake, Saline Valley, Teels Marsh, and Rhodes Marsh--all located in eastern California and western Nevada. Laboratory and field spectral analyses coupled with X-ray diffraction analyses of the crusts yielded the following observations: VNIR spectra of unweathered salt crusts can be used to infer the general chemistry of near-surface brines; VNIR spectra are very sensitive for detecting minor hydrate mineral phases contained in mixtures with anhydrous, spectrally featureless, minerals such as halite (NaCl) and thernardite (Na2So4); borate minerals exhibit particularly strong VNIR spectral features that permit small amounts of borate to be detected in efflorescent salt crusts; remote sensing spectral measurements of playa efflorescent crusts may have applications in global studies of playa brines and minerals.

  7. Prediction and discovery of new geothermal resources in the Great Basin: Multiple evidence of a large undiscovered resource base

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Coolbaugh, M.F.; Raines, G.L.; Zehner, R.E.; Shevenell, L.; Williams, C.F.


    ???150??C have been identified on the Pyramid Lake Paiute Reservation in west-central Nevada. Evidence of three blind geothermal systems has recently been uncovered near the borate-bearing playas at Rhodes, Teels, and Columbus Marshes in southwestern Nevada. Recent gold exploration drilling has resulted in at least four new geothermal discoveries, including the McGinness Hills geothermal system with an estimated reservoir temperature of roughly 200??C. All of this evidence suggests that the potential for expansion of geothermal power production in Nevada is significant.

  8. Using Geowall to Promote Undergraduate Research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scec EIT Intern Team; Perry, S.; Jordan, T.


    Gordon, Nitin Gupta, Vipin Gupta, Jeff Hoeft, Shalini Jhatakia, Leonard Jimenez, Gideon Juve, Douglas Lam, Jed Link, Gavin Locke, Deepak Mehtani, Bill Paetzke, Nick Palmer, Brandee Pierce, Ryan Prose, Nitin Sharma, Ghunghroo Sinha, Jeremie Smith, Brandon Teel, Robert Weekly, Channing Wong, Jeremy Zechar.

  9. Structural Inventory of Great Basin Geothermal Systems and Definition of Favorable Structural Settings

    DOE Data Explorer

    Faulds, James E.


    Over the course of the entire project, field visits were made to 117 geothermal systems in the Great Basin region. Major field excursions, incorporating visits to large groups of systems, were conducted in western Nevada, central Nevada, northwestern Nevada, northeastern Nevada, east‐central Nevada, eastern California, southern Oregon, and western Utah. For example, field excursions to the following areas included visits of multiple geothermal systems: - Northwestern Nevada: Baltazor Hot Spring, Blue Mountain, Bog Hot Spring, Dyke Hot Springs, Howard Hot Spring, MacFarlane Hot Spring, McGee Mountain, and Pinto Hot Springs in northwest Nevada. - North‐central to northeastern Nevada: Beowawe, Crescent Valley (Hot Springs Point), Dann Ranch (Hand‐me‐Down Hot Springs), Golconda, and Pumpernickel Valley (Tipton Hot Springs) in north‐central to northeast Nevada. - Eastern Nevada: Ash Springs, Chimney Hot Spring, Duckwater, Hiko Hot Spring, Hot Creek Butte, Iverson Spring, Moon River Hot Spring, Moorman Spring, Railroad Valley, and Williams Hot Spring in eastern Nevada. - Southwestern Nevada‐eastern California: Walley’s Hot Spring, Antelope Valley, Fales Hot Springs, Buckeye Hot Springs, Travertine Hot Springs, Teels Marsh, Rhodes Marsh, Columbus Marsh, Alum‐Silver Peak, Fish Lake Valley, Gabbs Valley, Wild Rose, Rawhide‐ Wedell Hot Springs, Alkali Hot Springs, and Baileys/Hicks/Burrell Hot Springs. - Southern Oregon: Alvord Hot Spring, Antelope Hot Spring‐Hart Mountain, Borax Lake, Crump Geyser, and Mickey Hot Spring in southern Oregon. - Western Utah: Newcastle, Veyo Hot Spring, Dixie Hot Spring, Thermo, Roosevelt, Cove Fort, Red Hill Hot Spring, Joseph Hot Spring, Hatton Hot Spring, and Abraham‐Baker Hot Springs. Structural controls of 426 geothermal systems were analyzed with literature research, air photos, google‐Earth imagery, and/or field reviews (Figures 1 and 2). Of the systems analyzed, we were able to determine the structural settings

  10. Modification of a High-Throughput Automatic Microbial Cell Enumeration System for Shipboard Analyses.


    Bennke, Christin M; Reintjes, Greta; Schattenhofer, Martha; Ellrott, Andreas; Wulf, Jörg; Zeder, Michael; Fuchs, Bernhard M


    counted bacteria on board within a few hours after the retrieval of water samples. The imaging and counting system described here has been successfully applied to a number of laboratory-based studies and allowed the quantification of thousands of samples and FISH preparations (see, e.g., H. Teeling, B. M. Fuchs, D. Becher, C. Klockow, A. Gardebrecht, C. M. Bennke, M. Kassabgy, S. Huang, A. J. Mann, J. Waldmann, M. Weber, A. Klindworth, A. Otto, J. Lange, J. Bernhardt, C. Reinsch, M. Hecker, J. Peplies, F. D. Bockelmann, U. Callies, G. Gerdts, A. Wichels, K. H. Wiltshire, F. O. Glöckner, T. Schweder, and R. Amann, Science 336:608-611, 2012, We adjusted the standard image acquisition software to withstand ship movements. This system will allow for more targeted sampling of the microbial community, leading to a better understanding of the role of microorganisms in the global oceans. PMID:27016562