Science.gov

Sample records for hplc

  1. HPLC: Early and Recent Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karger, Barry L.

    1997-01-01

    Provides a perspective on what it was like in the early days of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and several of the key developments. Focuses on the advances in HPLC generally, and more specifically for the biological sciences, that were necessary for the method to reach the preeminent stage of today. Contains 20 references. (JRH)

  2. ANALYSIS OF VITAMIN E BY HPLC

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    HPLC (High-performance liquid chromatography) is the most comon technique for identifying and measuring vitamin E concentrations. A variety of good HPLC methods are available for vitamin E analysis. Reliable and sensitive methods have been developed using reversed-phased and normal-phase HPLC column...

  3. HPLC for Undergraduate Introductory Laboratories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Arman, Scott A.; Thomsen, Marcus W.

    1997-01-01

    Undergraduate laboratories continue increasing the use of instrumentation in teaching. One technique that is growing in popularity is HPLC. We have designed a set of simple HPLC separations as part of an introductory set of projects that serve as an introduction to chromatography early in the organic course. We have introduced quantitative analysis to the common separation of analgesics so that students may identify the composition of an unknown commercial tablet. Derived from this system is a Ån adaptation of the well known separation of nucleosides by reversed-phase HPLC such that students can quantitatively identify the components of an unknown "RNA digest." Students must determine retention times and an instrumental response factor for each component. For both separations all components elute in × 6 min. and baseline separation is excellent. From the retention times of standard individual component samples the identity of each component in the sample can be ascertained. From the instrumental response factors of standard individual component samples the percent composition of each component can be calculated.

  4. HPLC for quality control of polyimides

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Young, P. R.; Sykes, G. F.

    1979-01-01

    High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) as a quality control tool for polyimide resins and prepregs are presented. A data base to help establish accept/reject criteria for these materials was developed. This work is intended to supplement, not replace, standard quality control tests normally conducted on incoming resins and prepregs. To help achieve these objectives, the HPLC separation of LARC-160 polyimide precursor resin was characterized. Room temperature resin aging effects were studied. Graphite reinforced composites made from fresh and aged resin were fabricated and tested to determine if changes observed by HPLC were significant.

  5. Determination of zinc pyrithione in shampoos by HPLC and HPLC-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Gu, Yu-Xiang; Wang, Qing-He; Zhou, Ze-Lin; Lv, Qing; Mai, Cheng-Hua

    2014-01-01

    Methods have been developed for the determination of zinc pyrithione (ZPT) in shampoos using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Samples were washed by water first to remove surfactant and water-soluble impurities, then ultrasonic-extracted by acetonitrile-methanol for 30 min, and finally analyzed by MG C18 column (250 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 μm) or RP-18e (100 mm x 3 mm, 2 μm) plus APCI-MS/MS. Limits of detection were determined as 0.015% (HPLC) and 0.003% (HPLC-MS/MS), with a limit of quantization of 0.05% and 0.01%, respectively. The recoveries were 85.8-104% (HPLC) and 87.6-107% (HPLC-MS/MS). A good linear relationship was obtained from 3.20 μg·ml(-1) to 200 μg·ml(-1) (HPLC) and 1.00 μg·ml(-1) to 200 μg·ml(-1) (HPLC-MS/MS). The proposed methods have been successfully applied to the analysis of ZPT in many shampoos. The established two methods were rapid and reproducible with low interference.

  6. Improved HPLC determination of urinary neopterin.

    PubMed

    Dewitte, J D; Berthou, F; Dreano, Y; Floch, H H

    1987-01-01

    In order to improve the urinary neopterin measurement, the reversed-phase HPLC method has been reevaluated. The parameters which influence the chromatographic behavior of 12 pteridines were studied: nature of buffer, pH, ionic strength, addition of organic modifier to the mobile phase. Accordingly, an isocratic HPLC method is described which offers a good compromise between specificity and analysis time. This method is well-suited to automation in routine clinical laboratory use. Using this HPLC method, urinary neopterin related to creatinine was determined in lung diseases (neoplasm, sarcoïdosis and bronchial asthma) and in kidney allografts. This method was shown to be useful in the diagnosis and in the monitoring of treatment of rejection episodes.

  7. Determination of CMPO using HPLC -UV

    SciTech Connect

    Gracy Elias; Gary S. Groenewold; Bruce J. Mincher; Stephen P. Mezyk

    2012-06-01

    Octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide (CMPO) is an extractant proposed for selective separation of radionuclide metals from used nuclear fuel solutions using solvent extraction. Radiolysis reactions can degrade CMPO and reduce separation performance and hence methods for measuring concentration of CMPO and identifying degradation products are needed. A novel high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method employing ultraviolet detection (UV) was developed to detect and quantitate CMPO in dodecane. Some radiolysis products in gamma and alpha irradiated CMPO solutions were identified using HPLC/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Validation data indicated that the HPLC-UV method for CMPO determination provided good linearity, sensitivity, procedure accuracy and system precision. CMPO-nitric acid complexes were also identified, that account for the apparent loss of CMPO in acidic environment, independent of irradiation.

  8. [HPLC-FPS establishment of Iris japonica Thunb].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jin-zhuan; Luo, Ai-qin; Liu, Li-wen; Fang, Min; Deng, Yu-lin

    2006-09-01

    Samples extracted from the root of Iris japonica Thunb were analyzed and the optimal HPLC chromatographic conditions was confirmed. Through analyzing the chromatography, the HPLC-FPS of Iris japonica Thunb was established.

  9. Measurement of Menadione in urine by HPLC

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Menadione may be an important metabolite of vitamin K that is excreted in urine. A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with a C30 column, fluorescence detection and post-column zinc reduction was developed to measure menadione in urine. The mobile phase was composed of 95% methanol...

  10. An Inexpensive Digital Gradient Controller for HPLC.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, James E.; Carr, Peter W.

    1983-01-01

    Use of gradient elution techniques in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is often essential for direct separation of complex mixtures. Since most commercial controllers have features that are of marginal value for instructional purposes, a low-cost controller capable of illustrating essential features of gradient elution was developed.…

  11. HPLC-DAD and HPLC-ESI-MS analyses of Tiliae flos and its preparations.

    PubMed

    Karioti, A; Chiarabini, L; Alachkar, A; Fawaz Chehna, M; Vincieri, F F; Bilia, A R

    2014-11-01

    In the present study extensive HPLC-DAD, HPLC-ESI-MS and NMR analyses were undertaken in the aqueous preparations (decoctions, infusions) and tinctures of Tilia platyphyllos Scop inflorescences. The aim of this work was to examine in depth the qualitative and quantitative profile of the investigated preparations, which find until today wide applications in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry, and to propose a validated method for their quality control. An HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS method was developed and optimised for the quantitative determination of the constituents. Marker constituents of Tiliae flos are the flavonoids, while the volatile content is also used for the quality control. However, the analyses of the non-volatile fraction gave complex chromatographic fingerprints containing simple phenolics and low molecular weight procyanidins. The use of different HPLC columns permitted a good separation of the constituents and enabled their quantitation, while HPLC-MS analyses permitted the detection of procyanidin oligomers. Overall, 31 constituents were detected and identified. Extensive preparative chromatographic investigations and 2D-NMR analyses allowed the characterisation of procyanidins as epicatechin derivatives. Finally, the HPLC method was validated and complied with ICH guidelines. This is the first report of detailed analysis of the chemical composition of Tiliae flos.

  12. HPLC Determination of Taurine in Sports Drinks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orth, Dale L.

    2001-06-01

    The amino acid taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is present as a nutritional supplement in many sports drinks. An experiment, suitable for a junior-senior level instrumental analysis course, is described to measure the amount of taurine in these sports drinks. A pre-column derivatization with Sanger's reagent, 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene, is followed by an HPLC separation utilizing a gradient elution, and detection at 360 nm.

  13. Retinoid quantification by HPLC/MS(n)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McCaffery, Peter; Evans, James; Koul, Omanand; Volpert, Amy; Reid, Kevin; Ullman, M. David

    2002-01-01

    Retinoic acid (RA) mediates most of the biological effects of vitamin A that are essential for vertebrate survival. It acts through binding to receptors that belong to the nuclear receptor transcription factor superfamily (Mangelsdorf et al. 1994). It is also a highly potent vertebrate teratogen. To determine the function and effects of endogenous and exogenous RA, it is important to have a highly specific, sensitive, accurate, and precise analytical procedure. Current analyses of RA and other retinoids are labor intensive, of poor sensitivity, have limited specificity, or require compatibility with RA reporter cell lines (Chen et al. 1995. BIOCHEM: Pharmacol. 50: 1257-1264; Creech Kraft et al. 1994. BIOCHEM: J. 301: 111-119; Lanvers et al. 1996. J. Chromatogr. B Biomed. Appl. 685: 233-240; Maden et al. 1998. DEVELOPMENT: 125: 4133-4144; Wagner et al. 1992. DEVELOPMENT: 116: 55-66). This paper describes an HPLC/mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry product ion scan (HPLC/MS(n)) procedure for the analysis of retinoids that employs atmospheric pressure chemical ionization MS. The retinoids are separated by normal-phase column chromatography with a linear hexane-isopropanol-dioxane gradient. Each retinoid is detected by a unique series of MS(n) functions set at optimal collision-induced dissociation energy (30% to 32%) for all MS(n) steps. The scan events are divided into three segments, based on HPLC elution order, to maximize the mass spectrometer duty cycle. The all-trans, 9-cis, and 13-cis RA isomers are separated, if desired, by an isocratic hexane-dioxane-isopropanol mobile phase. This paper describes an HPLC/MS(n) procedure possessing high sensitivity and specificity for retinoids.

  14. An Investigation Into HPLC Data Quality Problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hooker, Stanford B.; VanHeukelem, Laurie

    2011-01-01

    This report summarizes the analyses and results produced by a five-member investigative team of Government, university, and industry experts, established by NASA HQ. The team examined data quality problems associated with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses of pigment concentrations in seawater samples produced by the San Diego State University (SDSU) Center for Hydro-Optics and Remote Sensing (CHORS). This report shows CHORS did not validate the methods used before placing them into service to analyze field samples for NASA principal investigators (PIs), even though the HPLC literature contained easily accessible method validation procedures, and the importance of implementing them, more than a decade ago. In addition, there were so many sources of significant variance in the CHORS methodologies, that the HPLC system rarely operated within performance criteria capable of producing the requisite data quality. It is the recommendation of the investigative team to a) not correct the data, b) make all the data that was temporarily sequestered available for scientific use, and c) label the affected data with an appropriate warning, e.g., "These data are not validated and should not be used as the sole basis for a scientific result, conclusion, or hypothesis--independent corroborating evidence is required."

  15. Analysis of Trichothecene Mycotoxins by Combined HPLC/MS.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-15

    The development of HPLC/MS assays for the analysis of selected trichothecene mycotoxins in urine is the goal of this program. T-2 toxin has been the initial target of this investigation. Three important issues have been addressed before proceeding with the actual HPLC/MS experiments: the synthesis of isotopically labelled internal standards, efficient recovery of the target compounds from the urine matrix, and determination of HPLC conditions for their separation. Keywords: Mass spectrometry, High performance liquid chromatography , Phytotoxins.

  16. Lignin Analysis by HPLC and FTIR.

    PubMed

    Reyes-Rivera, Jorge; Terrazas, Teresa

    2017-01-01

    Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) is a simple non-destructive technique which allows the user to obtain quick and accurate information about the structure of the constituents of wood. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is an analytical technique useful to determine the ratio of the lignin monomers obtained by the alkaline nitrobenzene oxidation method. Furthermore, lignin content has been commonly determined by wet chemical methods; Klason lignin determination is a quick and accessible method. Here, we detail the procedures for chemical analysis of the wood lignin using these techniques.

  17. HPLC determination of tolperisone in human plasma.

    PubMed

    Bae, Jung-Woo; Park, Young-Seo; Sohn, Uy-Dong; Myung, Chang-Sun; Ryu, Byung-Kwon; Jang, Choon-Gon; Lee, Seok-Yong

    2006-04-01

    A simple high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed for the determination of tolperisone in human plasma. Tolperisone and internal standard (chlorphenesin) were isolated from 1 mL of plasma using 8 mL of dichlormethane. The organic phase was collected and evaporated under nitrogen gas. The residue was then reconstituted with 300 mL aliquot of mobile phase and a 100 mL aliquot was injected onto the C18 reverse-phased column. The mobile phase, 45% methanol containing 1% glacial acetic acid and 0.05% 1-hexanesulfonic acid was run at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. The column effluent was monitored using UV detector at 260 nm. The retention times for tolperisone and the internal standard were approximately 7.1 and 8.4 min, respectively. The standard curve was linear with minimal intra-day and inter-day variability. The quantification limit of tolperisone in human plasma was 10 ng/ mL. The proposed method has been applied to the determination of pharmacokinetic profile of tolperisone in Koreans. The Tmax of tolperisone in Koreans (0.94 +/- 0.42 h) was not significantly differ from that reported in Europeans (0.5-1 h), but the mean half-life in Koreans (1.14 +/- 0.27 h) was shorter than that in Europeans (2.56 +/- 0.2 h). The proposed HPLC method is simple, accurate, reproducible and suitable for pharmacokinetic study of tolperisone.

  18. Analyses of procyanidins in foods using Diol phase HPLC

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Separation of procyanidins using silica-based HPLC suffered from poor resolution for higher oligomers and low sensitivity due to the fluorescence quenching effects of methylene chloride in the mobile phase. Optimization of a published Diol-phase HPLC method resulted in near baseline separation for p...

  19. Optimizing Chromatographic Separation: An Experiment Using an HPLC Simulator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shalliker, R. A.; Kayillo, S.; Dennis, G. R.

    2008-01-01

    Optimization of a chromatographic separation within the time constraints of a laboratory session is practically impossible. However, by employing a HPLC simulator, experiments can be designed that allow students to develop an appreciation of the complexities involved in optimization procedures. In the present exercise, a HPLC simulator from "JCE…

  20. Polarization modulation polarimeter for an HPLC detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shindo, Yohji; Yazawa, Masanori; Izuka, Mituharu; Aoyama, Hideki; Kinnbara, Masao; Maeda, Shiro

    1997-04-01

    A polarization modulation polarimeter for a HPLC detector has been designed and constructed based on a principle, the electrical null-point detection method, which is entirely different from that of a commercially available polarimeters, the optical null-point detection method. The Mueller matrix method is used to analyze and evaluate important factors determining its performance. It is revealed that a crystal quartz Rochon prism must be used as a polarizer, and should be mounted on a rotatable stage equipped with a mechanism for precise adjustment to set its azimuth angle at 0 degrees as precisely as possible. Furthermore, all optical components used should have the least amount of the residual static birefringence. The total performance of our polarimeter is found to be equivalent to that of commercially available polarimeters.

  1. HPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS findings in fatality involving (Z)-cis-clopenthixol (zuclopenthixol).

    PubMed

    Tracqui, A; Kintz, P; Cirimele, V; Berthault, F; Mangin, P; Ludes, B

    1997-01-01

    A fatality that was due to massive ingestion of the thioxanthene neuroleptic (Z)-cis-clopenthixol (zuclopenthixol, Z-CPT) is described. The total toxicological screening and the quantitation of both the ingested drugs and its inactive isomer (E)-trans-clopenthixol (E-CPT, produced by in vivo isomerization) in postmortem fluids and viscerae were produced by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-diode array detection. Drug confirmation was carried out by HPLC-mass spectrometry with an ionspray interface. Although death occurred 40 h after the drug intake, postmortem blood concentrations were 391 and 275 mg/mL for Z-CPT and E-CPT, respectively (50 to 100 times the usual therapeutic values). The cause of death was suicide, and the manner was acute neuroleptic overdosage.

  2. HPLC and HPLC/MS analysis of red ink on counterfeit 100-yuan notes.

    PubMed

    Xu, Ying-jian; Zhou, Xin-xin; Shi, Xiao-fan

    2016-02-01

    Counterfeiting is a significant problem for most major currencies and has high social and economic costs. Chemical and physical identifiers that are unique to counterfeit currency are critical to forensic analysis. The 100-yuan Chinese note is mostly red. Here, we analyzed the red ink used in 100-yuan Chinese notes and developed a method to extract and analyze these dyes via high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and HPLC/mass spectrometry (MS). We used this approach to analyze the chemical structures of the adulterated colorants from 46 counterfeit 100-yuan notes seized from different locations. The results showed that a variety of inks were found among the seized counterfeit notes from different sources. The chromatographic data signature could be used to clearly discriminate authentic from counterfeit notes, but could also potentially be used to trace the notes to the counterfeiter. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to use HPLC/MS to profile red dyes in Chinese currency with important implications for the forensics and law enforcement communities.

  3. Comprehensive quality evaluation of Chishao by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Zaiyou, Jian; Wenquan, Wang; Guifang, Xu; Li, Meng; Junling, Hou

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo: El propósito de este artículo es la evaluación cualitativa extensa de Chishao. Métodos: En el experimento de este trabajo, se establecen los espectros de identificación de Chishao en todas las localizaciones mediante RP-HPLC y el método del análisis de componentes principales con las áreas pico de RPHPLC. Resultados: La calidad de Chishao en el norte de China o del procedente de Paeonia lactiflora es mejor que la de otras localizaciones o procedente de P. obovata, P. mairei y P. anomala. Los resultados son congruentes con la impresión tradicional de la calidad de esta planta. Estos resultados indican que el análisis de los componentes principales (ACP) puede utilizarse como método eficaz y económico para evaluar la calidad de Chishao y podría aplicarse a otras plantas medicinales chinas. Conclusiones: Dada la complicada base de la eficacia de la Medicina tradicional china (MTC), un método como el ACP para diversos componentes químicos parece ser más adecuado para la evaluación de la calidad de la MTC en comparación con la determinación de un único o unos pocos agentes químicos.

  4. Analysis of munitions constituents in IMX formulations by HPLC and HPLC-MS.

    PubMed

    Russell, A L; Seiter, J M; Coleman, J G; Winstead, B; Bednar, A J

    2014-10-01

    The use of Insensitive Munitions eXplosives (IMX) is increasing as the Army seeks to replace certain conventional munitions constituents, such as 2,4,6-trinitrotolene (TNT), for improved safety. The IMX formulations are more stable and therefore less prone to accidental detonation while designed to match the performance of legacy materials. Two formulations, IMX 101 and 104 are being investigated as a replacement for TNT in artillery rounds and composition B Army mortars, respectively. The chemical formulations of IMX-101 and 104 are comprised of four constituents;2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN), 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (NTO), 1-nitroguanidine (NQ), and Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) which are mixed in various ratios to achieve the desired performance. The current work details the analysis of the IMX constituents by single column HPLC-UV-ESI-MS. Detection limits determined are in agreement with similar HPLC analysis of compounds, ranging from 7 to 9μg/L. Gradient mobile phases are used to allow separation of the 4 target compounds in more complex mixture of other concomitant compounds. Mass spectra are used to confirm analyte identity with chromatographic retention time.

  5. Analysis of limette and bergamot distilled essential oils by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Buiarelli, Francesca; Cartoni, Giampaolo; Coccioli, Franco; Jasionowska, Renata; Mazzarino, Monica

    2002-04-01

    This work examines the distilled essential oils of limette and bergamot in order to assess the presence of low volatile substances such as coumarins (bergapten) which, being toxic, must be eliminated before using these oils in the food industry. The quantitative determination of coumarins was carried out by spectrofluorimetric detection. The substances present in the chromatograms, obtained by HPLC with UV detection at 254 nm, were then identified. Moreover, a new coumarin that is present in small quantities was identified using HPLC-MS.

  6. A new HPLC method to determine Donepezil hydrochloride in tablets.

    PubMed

    Pappa, Horacio; Farrú, Romina; Vilanova, Paula Otaño; Palacios, Marcelo; Pizzorno, María Teresa

    2002-01-01

    A HPLC stability-indicating assay for Donepezil hydrochloride in tablets was developed and validated. Donepezil hydrochloride is a reversible inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer's type. The HPLC method was performed with a reversed phase C18 column, detection at 268 nm and a mixture of methanol, phosphate buffer 0.02 M and triethylamine (50:50:0.5) as mobile phase. Typical retention time for Donepezil was 9 min. The method was statistically validated for linearity, accuracy, precision and selectivity following ICH recommendations. Due to its simplicity and accuracy, the method can be used for routine quality control analysis.

  7. HPLC-fluorescence determination of chlorocresol and chloroxylenol in pharmaceuticals.

    PubMed

    Gatti, R; Roveri, P; Bonazzi, D; Cavrini, V

    1997-11-01

    The use of 2-chloro-6,7-dimethoxy-3-quinolinecarboxaldehyde as a fluorogenic labelling reagent in pre-column derivatization for the HPLC separation of chlorophenols has been investigated. The compound reacts (50 min at 110 degrees C) with 2- and 4-chlorophenols to give fluorescent ethers that can be separated by reversed-phase HPLC and detected at lambda exc = 360 nm, lambda em = 500 nm. The experimental conditions for derivatization and chromatographic separation are discussed. Applications for the determination of chlorocresol (4-chloro-3-cresol) and chloroxylenol (4-chloro-3,5-xylenol) in pharmaceutical formulations (creams, ointments) are described.

  8. Identification and quantification of coumarins in Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) Koch by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-DAD-MS.

    PubMed

    Vogl, Sylvia; Zehl, Martin; Picker, Paolo; Urban, Ernst; Wawrosch, Christoph; Reznicek, Gottfried; Saukel, Johannes; Kopp, Brigitte

    2011-05-11

    The rhizomes of Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) Koch (masterwort) are traditionally used in the alpine region as ingredient of liqueurs and bitters, and as a herbal drug. A sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography-diode-array detection-mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-MS) method has been developed for the simultaneous identification and quantification of its main coumarins, oxypeucedanin hydrate, oxypeucedanin, ostruthol, imperatorin, osthole, isoimperatorin, and ostruthin. Fast HPLC separation could be achieved on an Acclaim C18 column (150 mm × 2.1 mm i.d., 3 μm) using a mobile phase gradient of acetonitrile-water modified with 0.01% acetic acid. The quantification by HPLC-DAD was performed with imperatorin as external standard and validated to demonstrate selectivity, linearity, precision, and accuracy. The content of the main coumarins was quantitated in various batches of commercial and field-collected rhizomes of Peucedanum ostruthium, as well as in beverages prepared thereof.

  9. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of tocopherols in toothpastes and gingival tissue employing HPLC NMR and HPLC MS coupling.

    PubMed

    Lienau, Annette; Glaser, Tobias; Krucker, Manfred; Zeeb, Daniel; Ley, Fritz; Curro, Frederick; Albert, Klaus

    2002-10-15

    Gingival samples treated with toothpastes containing tocopherols (vitamin E) were investigated employing HPLC chromatography. The aim was to verify that vitamin E is actually enriched in the tissue, which could have beneficial effects on oral health. After determination of the tocopherols available in the toothpastes, control samples from healthy test persons and subjects suffering from gingivitis were analyzed. Subsequently, gingival tissues from diseased test persons who treated their teeth with the toothpastes containing tocopherols using various kinds of concentrations or applications were investigated. The first step of the analysis was a fast and careful extraction employing matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD). Afterward, the separation of the different tocopherol homologues existing was performed by HPLC chromatography on highly selective C30 RP phases. The identification of the tocopherol homologues was performed using the on-line coupling of HPLC with NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry.

  10. Chemical fingerprinting and quantitative analysis of a Panax notoginseng preparation using HPLC-UV and HPLC-MS

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Xuesaitong (XST) injection, consisting of total saponins from Panax notoginseng, was widely used for the treatment of cardio- and cerebro-vascular diseases in China. This study develops a simple and global quality evaluation method for the quality control of XST. Methods High performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) was used to identify and quantify the chromatographic fingerprints of the XST injection. Characteristic common peaks were identified using HPLC with photo diode array detection/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-PDA/ESI-MSn). Results Representative fingerprints from ten batches of samples showed 27 'common saponins' all of which were identified and quantified using ten reference saponins. Conclusion Chemical fingerprinting and quantitative analysis identified most of the common saponins for the quality control of P. notoginseng products such as the XST injection. PMID:21349173

  11. Chemometric determination of naproxen sodium and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride in tablets by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Dinç, Erdal; Ozdemir, Abdil; Aksoy, Halil; Ustündağ, Ozgür; Baleanu, Dumitru

    2006-04-01

    A new chemometric determination by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array (PDA) detection was implemented for the simultaneous determination of naproxen sodium and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride in tablets. Three chemometric calibration techniques, classical least squares (CLS), principle component regression (PCR) and partial least squares (PLS) were applied to the peak area at multiwavelength PDA detector responses. The combinations of HPLC with chemometric calibration techniques were called HPLC-CLS, HPLC-PCR and HPLC-PLS. For comparison purposes the HPLC method called the classic HPLC method was used to confirm the results obtained from combined HPLC-chemometric calibration techniques. A good chromatographic separation between two drugs with losartan potassium as an internal standard was achieved using a Waters Symmetry C18 Column 5 microm 4.6+/-250 mm and a mobile phase containing 0.2 M acetate buffer and acetonitrile (v/v, 40:60). The multiwavelength PDA detection was measured at five different wavelengths. The chromatograms were recorded as a training set in the mobile phase. Three HPLC-chemometric calibrations and the classic-HPLC method were used to test the synthetic mixtures of naproxen sodium and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride in the presence of the internal standard. The HPLC-chemometric approaches were applied to real samples containing drugs of interest. The experimental results obtained from HPLC-chemometric calibrations were compared with those obtained by a classic HPLC method.

  12. Current HPLC Methods for Assay of Nano Drug Delivery Systems.

    PubMed

    Tekkeli, Serife Evrim Kepekci; Kiziltas, Mustafa Volkan

    2016-12-22

    In nano drug formulations the mechanism of release is a critical process to recognize controlled and targeted drug delivery systems. In order to gain high bioavailability and specificity from the drug to reach its therapeutic goal, the active substance must be loaded into the nanoparticles efficiently. Therefore, the amount in biological fluids or tissues and the remaining amount in nano carriers are very important parameters to understand the potential of the nano drug delivery systems. For this aim, suitable and validated quantitation methods are required to determine released drug concentrations from nano pharmaceutical formulations. HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromatography) is one of the most common techniques used for determination of released drug content out of nano drug formulations, in different physical conditions, over different periods of time. Since there are many types of HPLC methods depending on detector and column types, it is a challenge for the researchers to choose a suitable method that is simple, fast and validated HPLC techniques for their nano drug delivery systems. This review's goal is to compare HPLC methods that are currently used in different nano drug delivery systems in order to provide detailed and useful information for researchers.

  13. A New HPLC Purine Assay for Quantifying Microbial Flow

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A HPLC method was developed to quantify the purines adenine and guanine and their metabolites xanthine and hypoxanthine in hydrolysates of isolated bacteria and omasal digesta and to assess the effect of using either purines only, or purines plus metabolites, as microbial markers for estimating micr...

  14. Separation of kafirins on surface porous RP-HPLC columns

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Surface porous HPLC columns were investigated for the separation of kafarins, storage proteins of grain sorghum. Kafirins were successfully separated using C3, C8 and C18 surface porous stationary phases in less than 17 min. Separations using a monolithic C18 stationary phase were also developed ...

  15. HPLC ANALYSIS OF VINCLOZOLIN AND ITS METABOLITES IN SERUM

    EPA Science Inventory


    HPLC ANALYSIS OF VINCLOZOLIN AND ITS METABOLITES IN SERUM. A Sierra-Santoyo1,2, H A Barton1 and M F Hughes1. 1US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, ETD, RTP, NC; 2Toxicology Section, CINVESTAV-IPN, Mexico City, Mexico.

    The fungicide vinclozolin (V) is used predominantly for treatment...

  16. Methods and applications of HPLC-AMS (WBio 5)

    SciTech Connect

    Bucholz, B A; Clifford, A J; Duecker, S R; Lin, Y; Vogel, J S

    1999-09-29

    Pharmacokinetics of physiologic doses of nutrients, pesticides, and herbicides can easily be traced in humans using a {sup 14}C-labelled compound. Basic kinetics can be monitored in blood or urine by measuring the elevation in the {sup 14}C content above the control predose tissue and converting to equivalents of the parent compound. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is an excellent method for the chemical separation of complex mixtures whose profiles afford estimation of biochemical pathways of metabolism. Compounds elute from the HPLC systems with characteristic retention times and can be collected in fractions that can then be graphitized for AMS measurement. Unknowns are identified by coelution with known standards and chemical tests that reveal functional groupings. Metabolites are quantified with the {sup 14}C signal. Thoroughly accounting for the carbon inventory in the LC solvents, ion-pairing agents, samples, and carriers adds some complexity to the analysis. In most cases the total carbon inventory is dominated by carrier. Baseline background and stability need to be carefully monitored. Limits of quantitation near 10 amol of {sup 14}C per HPLC fraction are typically achieved. Baselines are maintained by limiting injected {sup 14}C activity <0.17 Bq (4.5 pCi) on the HPLC column.

  17. Recent developments in the HPLC separation of phenolic compounds.

    PubMed

    Kalili, Kathithileni M; de Villiers, André

    2011-04-01

    Phenolic compounds represent a class of highly complex naturally occurring molecules that possess a range of beneficial health properties. As a result, considerable attention has been devoted to the analysis of phenolics in a variety of samples. HPLC is the workhorse method for phenolic separation. However, conventional HPLC methods provide insufficient resolving power when faced with the complexity of real-world phenolic fractions. This limitation has been traditionally circumvented by extensive sample fractionation, multiple analysis methods and/or selective detection strategies. On the other hand, there is an increasing demand for improved throughput and resolving power from the chromatographic methods used for phenolic analyses. Fortunately, during the last decade, a number of important technological advances in LC have demonstrated significant gains in terms of both speed and resolution. These include ultra high-pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC), high-temperature liquid chromatography (HTLC), multi-dimensional separations as well as various new stationary phase chemistries and morphologies. In recent years, these technologies have also found increasing application for phenolic analysis. This review seeks to provide an updated overview of the application of recent advances in HPLC to phenolic separation, with the emphasis on how these methodologies can contribute to improve performance in HPLC analysis of phenolics.

  18. Correlation of Two Anthocyanin Quantification Methods: HPLC and Spectrophotometric Methods

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The pH differential method and HPLC are methods that are commonly used by researchers and the food industry for quantifying anthocyanins in a sample. This study was conducted to establish a relationship between the two analytical methods. Seven juice samples containing an array of different individu...

  19. Lipid analysis via HPLC with a charged aerosol detector

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Most lipid extracts are a mixture of saturated and unsaturated molecules. Therefore, the most successful HPLC detectors for the quantitative analysis of lipids have involved the use of “universal” or “mass” detectors such as flame ionization detectors (FID) and evaporative light scattering detectors...

  20. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the diuretic component ergone in Polyporus umbellatus by HPLC with fluorescence detection and HPLC-APCI-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Ying-Yong; Zhao, Ye; Zhang, Yong-Min; Lin, Rui-Chao; Sun, Wen-Ji

    2009-06-01

    Polyporus umbellatus is a widely used anti-aldosteronic diuretic in Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). A new, sensitive and selective high-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detector (HPLC-FLD) and high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry (HPLC-APCI-MS/MS) method for quantitative and qualitative determination of ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one(ergone), which is the main diuretic component, was provided for quality control of P. umbellatus crude drug. The ergone in the ethanolic extract of P. umbellatus was unambiguously characterized by HPLC-APCI, and further confirmed by comparing with a standard compound. The trace ergone was detected by the sensitive and selective HPLC-FLD. Linearity (r2 > 0.9998) and recoveries of low, medium and high concentration (100.5%, 100.2% and 100.4%) were consistent with the experimental criteria. The limit of detection (LOD) of ergone was around 0.2 microg/mL. Our results indicated that the content of ergone in P. umbellatus varied significantly from habitat to habitat with contents ranging from 2.13 +/- 0.02 to 59.17 +/- 0.05 microg/g. Comparison among HPLC-FLD and HPLC-UV or HPLC-APCI-MS/MS demonstrated that the HPLC-FLD and HPLC-APCI-MS/MS methods gave similar quantitative results for the selected herb samples, the HPLC-UV methods gave lower quantitative results than HPLC-FLD and HPLC-APCI-MS/MS methods. The established new HPLC-FLD method has the advantages of being rapid, simple, selective and sensitive, and could be used for the routine analysis of P. umbellatus crude drug.

  1. Analysis of benzalkonium chloride and its homologs: HPLC versus HPCE.

    PubMed

    Prince, S J; McLaury, H J; Allen, L V; McLaury, P

    1999-05-01

    Benzalkonium chloride (BAK) is a mixture of alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride homologs with n-C,2H25, n-C,4H29, and n-C16H33 comprising a major portion of the alkyl groups present. An analytical method for BAK must differentiate and quantitate the homologs in the BAK mixture. Reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separates compounds based on their affinity for a nonpolar column, which is a direct correlation to the compounds' polarity. High performance capillary electrophoresis (HPCE), however, separates compounds in an electric field according to their charge and size. The BAK homologs are suitable for separation by either of these methods because their polarity and sizes differ significantly. The HPLC method employed a mobile phase of 60% acetonitrile and 40% 0.1 M sodium acetate buffer pH 5 pumped at 1.0 ml min(-1), a 4.6 x 250 mm cyano column with 5 microm packing, and UV detection at 254 nm. The HPCE method utilized a run buffer of 30% acetonitrile and 70% 0.05 M sodium phosphate pH 3.06, a 50 microm x 20 cm open silica capillary, 7.5 kV electric field and UV detection at 214 nm. Both HPLC and HPCE demonstrated good linearity in the range of 0.025 to 0.8 mg ml(-1) with r2 values of approximately 0.99. The HPLC method produced good separation of the homolog peaks with a total analysis time of 25 min. HPCE run time was less than 5 min and demonstrated good separation of the three homologs. The HPLC method, however, was superior to HPCE in the areas of sensitivity and precision. The HPLC has been extensively used in the routine quantitation and qualitation of benzalkonium chloride concentrations in various products; however, long analysis times make this method inefficient. The HPCE method produced comparable results to the HPLC method but with much shorter analysis times. An HPCE analysis method, as presented here, may prove to be a much more useful and efficient method for the analysis of benzalkonium chloride and its homologs.

  2. Extraction, Separation, and Identification of Phenolic Compounds in Virgin Olive Oil by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS.

    PubMed

    Tasioula-Margari, Maria; Tsabolatidou, Eleftheria

    2015-08-13

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the recovery of individual phenolic compounds extracted from virgin olive oil (VOO), from different Greek olive varieties. Sufficient recoveries (90%) of all individual phenolic compounds were obtained using methanol as an extraction solvent, acetonitrile for residue solubilization, and two washing steps with hexane. Moreover, in order to elucidate structural characteristics of phenolic compounds in VOO, high performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) at 280 and 340 nm and HPLC coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS) in the negative-ion mode were performed. The most abundant phenolic compounds were oleuropein derivatives with m/z 319 and 377 and ligstroside derivatives with m/z 303, 361. Lignans, such as 1-acetoxypinoresinol and pinoresinol were also present in substantial quantities in the phenolic fraction. However, pinoresinol was co-eluted with dialdehydic form of ligstroside aglycone (DAFLA) and it was not possible to be quantified separately. The phenolic extracts, obtained from different VOO samples, yielded similar HPLC profiles. Differences, however, were observed in the last part of the chromatogram, corresponding to isomers of the aldehydic form of ligstroside aglycone. Oxidized phenolic products, originating from secoiridoids, were also detected.

  3. Selenium speciation analysis of Misgurnus anguillicaudatus selenoprotein by HPLC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS/MS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Analytical methods for selenium (Se) speciation were developed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to either inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) or electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). Separations of selenomethionine (Se-Met) and sel...

  4. Extraction, Separation, and Identification of Phenolic Compounds in Virgin Olive Oil by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS

    PubMed Central

    Tasioula-Margari, Maria; Tsabolatidou, Eleftheria

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the recovery of individual phenolic compounds extracted from virgin olive oil (VOO), from different Greek olive varieties. Sufficient recoveries (90%) of all individual phenolic compounds were obtained using methanol as an extraction solvent, acetonitrile for residue solubilization, and two washing steps with hexane. Moreover, in order to elucidate structural characteristics of phenolic compounds in VOO, high performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) at 280 and 340 nm and HPLC coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS) in the negative-ion mode were performed. The most abundant phenolic compounds were oleuropein derivatives with m/z 319 and 377 and ligstroside derivatives with m/z 303, 361. Lignans, such as 1-acetoxypinoresinol and pinoresinol were also present in substantial quantities in the phenolic fraction. However, pinoresinol was co-eluted with dialdehydic form of ligstroside aglycone (DAFLA) and it was not possible to be quantified separately. The phenolic extracts, obtained from different VOO samples, yielded similar HPLC profiles. Differences, however, were observed in the last part of the chromatogram, corresponding to isomers of the aldehydic form of ligstroside aglycone. Oxidized phenolic products, originating from secoiridoids, were also detected. PMID:26783843

  5. Chemical profiling (HPLC-NMR & HPLC-MS), isolation, and identification of bioactive meroditerpenoids from the southern Australian marine brown alga Sargassum paradoxum.

    PubMed

    Brkljača, Robert; Urban, Sylvia

    2014-12-29

    A phytochemical investigation of a southern Australian marine brown alga, Sargassum paradoxum, resulted in the isolation and identification of four new (5, 9, 10, and 15) and nine previously reported (1, 2, 6-8, and 11-14) bioactive meroditerpenoids. HPLC-NMR and HPLC-MS were central to the identification of a new unstable compound, sargahydroquinal (9), and pivotal in the deconvolution of eight (1, 2, 5-7, and 10-12) other meroditerpenoids. In particular, the complete characterization and identification of the two main constituents (1 and 2) in the crude dichloromethane extract was achieved using stop-flow HPLC-NMR and HPLC-MS. This study resulted in the first acquisition of gHMBCAD NMR spectra in the stop-flow HPLC-NMR mode for a system solely equipped with a 60 μL HPLC-NMR flow cell without the use of a cold probe, microcoil, or any pre-concentration.

  6. Analysis of Biomass Sugars Using a Novel HPLC Method

    SciTech Connect

    Agblevor, F. A.; Hames, B. R.; Schell, D.; Chum, H. L.

    2007-01-01

    The precise quantitative analysis of biomass sugars is a very important step in the conversion of biomass feedstocks to fuels and chemicals. However, the most accurate method of biomass sugar analysis is based on the gas chromatography analysis of derivatized sugars either as alditol acetates or trimethylsilanes. The derivatization method is time consuming but the alternative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method cannot resolve most sugars found in biomass hydrolysates. We have demonstrated for the first time that by careful manipulation of the HPLC mobile phase, biomass monomeric sugars (arabinose, xylose, fructose, glucose, mannose, and galactose) can be analyzed quantitatively and there is excellent baseline resolution of all the sugars. This method was demonstrated for standard sugars, pretreated corn stover liquid and solid fractions. Our method can also be used to analyze dimeric sugars (cellobiose and sucrose).

  7. The rapid detection of cefotaxime-resistant Enterobacteriaceae by HPLC

    PubMed Central

    Robinson, Andrew M; Medlicott, Natalie J; Ussher, James E

    2016-01-01

    Aim: Antibiotic resistance mediated by extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) and AmpC β-lactamases is widespread and increasingly common, often rendering empiric antibiotic therapy ineffective. In septicemia, delays in initiating effective antibiotic therapy are associated with worse clinical outcomes. With current phenotypic antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods, there is often a delay of 18–24 h before the susceptibility of an isolate is known. Results: Using an HPLC assay, breakdown of the third-generation cephalosporin cefotaxime by ESBL- and AmpC- β-lactamase-producing organisms could be detected within 90 min with 86.4% sensitivity and 100% specificity; sensitivity for ESBL detection was 100%. Conclusion: This assay could be readily established in any clinical laboratory with an HPLC to rapidly detect ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae. PMID:28116124

  8. Application of HPLC with diode array detection in tribology

    SciTech Connect

    Lehotay, J.; Oktavec, D. . Dept. of Analytical Chemistry)

    1994-01-01

    A strategy for the analysis of engine oils is described based on the correlation between previously developed methods and HPLC. The areas of some chromatographic peaks of oil samples were linearly correlated to: covered kilometers, the kinematic viscosity, the amount of insoluble compounds in heptane, Conradson's carbonized residue, the number of alkalinity and the carbonyl number. The detection is performed by a diode array detector, simultaneously providing structural information and quantitative data. The results are compared with other analytical methods, which are used for the evaluation of the oil quality. The main aim of this work was to investigate a number of parameters to find correlation between HPLC results and another parameters that characterized the properties of oil wear.

  9. Dipeptide Sequence Determination: Analyzing Phenylthiohydantoin Amino Acids by HPLC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barton, Janice S.; Tang, Chung-Fei; Reed, Steven S.

    2000-02-01

    Amino acid composition and sequence determination, important techniques for characterizing peptides and proteins, are essential for predicting conformation and studying sequence alignment. This experiment presents improved, fundamental methods of sequence analysis for an upper-division biochemistry laboratory. Working in pairs, students use the Edman reagent to prepare phenylthiohydantoin derivatives of amino acids for determination of the sequence of an unknown dipeptide. With a single HPLC technique, students identify both the N-terminal amino acid and the composition of the dipeptide. This method yields good precision of retention times and allows use of a broad range of amino acids as components of the dipeptide. Students learn fundamental principles and techniques of sequence analysis and HPLC.

  10. Gradient Scouting in Reversed-Phase HPLC Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alcazar, A.; Jurado, J. M.; Gonzalez, A. G.

    2011-01-01

    Gradient scouting is the best way to decide the most suitable elution mode in reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). A simple rule for this decision involves the evaluation of the ratio [delta]t/t[subscript G] (where [delta]t is the difference in the retention time between the last and the first peak and t[subscript G] is…

  11. [Quantitative determination of niphensamide by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)].

    PubMed

    Long, C; Chen, S; Shi, T

    1998-01-01

    An HPLC method for the quantitative determination of Niphensamide in pesticide powder was developed. Column:Micropak-CH 5 microns (300 mm x 4.0 mm i.d.), mobile phase: CH3OH-H2O(1:1), detector: UV 254 nm, flow rate: 0.7 mL/min, column temperature: 25 degrees C. Under the above conditions, Niphensamide and other components were separated from each other. The method is simple, rapid, sensitive and accurate.

  12. The Use of HPLC for the Characterization of Phytoplankton Pigments.

    PubMed

    Garrido, José L; Roy, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    HPLC is still the technique of choice for the analysis and characterization of phytoplankton pigments. In this chapter we describe procedures for sample preparation and pigment extraction, and the use of octyl silica columns and pyridine-containing mobile phases to separate chlorophylls and carotenoids. The identification of pigments on the basis of their retention times and visible spectra, the preparation of pigment standards, and the quantitative analysis by either external or internal standard procedures are also described.

  13. Surface confined ionic liquid as a stationary phase for HPLC

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Qian; Baker, Gary A; Baker, Sheila N; Colon, Luis

    2006-01-01

    Trimethoxysilane ionosilane derivatives of room temperature ionic liquids based on alkylimidazolium bromides were synthesized for attachment to silica support material. The derivatives 1-methyl-3-(trimethoxysilylpropyl)imidazolium bromide and 1-butyl-3-(trimethoxysilylpropyl)imidazolium bromide were used to modify the surface of 3 {micro}m diameter silica particles to act as the stationary phase for HPLC. The modified particles were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and {sup 13}C and {sup 29}Si NMR spectroscopies. The surface modification procedure rendered particles with a surface coverage of 0.84 {micro}mol m{sup -2} for the alkylimidazolium bromide. The ionic liquid moiety was predominantly attached to the silica surface through two siloxane bonds of the ionosilane derivative (63%). Columns packed with the modified silica material were tested under HPLC conditions. Preliminary evaluation of the stationary phase for HPLC was performed using aromatic carboxylic acids as model compounds. The separation mechanism appears to involve multiple interactions including ion exchange, hydrophobic interaction, and other electrostatic interactions.

  14. [Simple analysis of maleic hydrazide in agricultural products by HPLC].

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Maki; Nagayama, Toshihiro; Takano, Ichiro; Tamura, Yasuhiro; Tateishi, Yukinari; Tomizawa, Sanae; Kimura, Naoko; Kitayama, Kyoko; Saito, Kazuo

    2002-12-01

    A simplified HPLC determination method for maleic hydrazide in agricultural products was developed, and commercial agricultural crops were investigated. The homogenate of agricultural products was extracted with water. The crude extract was purified on an ACCUCAT Bond Elut extraction cartridge using water. Maleic hydrazide was analyzed by HPLC with UV detection (303 nm). The HPLC separation was performed on a ZORBAX SB-Aq column with acetonitrile-water-phosphoric acid(5:95:0.01) as the mobile phase. Recoveries of maleic hydrazide from 15 agricultural products fortified at 1.0 and 10 micrograms/g were in the ranges of 92.6-104.9% and 94.2-101.3%, respectively. The limit of detection was 0.5 microgram/g in samples. The proposed method was applied to the determination of 242 commercial vegetables and fruits. Maleic hydrazide was detected in 2 samples of imported onion at the levels of 4.9 and 7.2 micrograms/g.

  15. Resonance Rayleigh scattering for detection of proteins in HPLC.

    PubMed

    Lu, Xin; Luo, Zhihui; Liu, Chengwei; Zhao, Shulin

    2008-09-01

    An HPLC-resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS) (HPLC-RRS) detection system is described for separation and detection of proteins. This system is based on the modification of a commercial HPLC instrument involving the addition of a pump and a T-shaped interface, and a common fluorescence detector was used for detection. The detection principle is based on the change of RRS intensity of the ion-association complex formed from biebrich scarlet (BS) and protein. The RRS signal was detected at lambdaex=lambdaem=376 nm. The utility of the presented method was demonstrated by the separation and determination of four proteins involving cytochrome (Cyt-c), lysozyme (Lys), HSA, and gamma-globulin (gamma-Glo). An LOD of 0.2-1.0 microg/mL was reached and a linear range was found between peak area and concentration in the range of 0.20-3.0 microg/mL for Cyt-c, 0.25-2.5 microg/mL for Lys, 1.5-10 microg/mL for HSA, and 2.0-15 microg/mL for gamma-Glo, with linear regression coefficients all above 0.99. The method presented has been applied to determine HSA and gamma-Glo in human serum samples synchronously.

  16. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of chemical constituents of Centipeda minima by HPLC-QTOF-MS & HPLC-DAD.

    PubMed

    Chan, Chi-On; Jin, Deng-Ping; Dong, Nai-Ping; Chen, Si-Bao; Mok, Daniel Kam Wah

    2016-06-05

    A high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOF-MS) method in both positive and negative ion modes was established to investigate the major constituents in the ethanolic extract of Centipeda minima (EBSC). Twelve common components including flavones and their glycosides, phenolic and polyphenolic acids, and sesquiterpene lactone were identified in ten batches of samples based on comparison with the retention time and accurate mass of external standards (mass accuracy within 3ppm) or the fragmentation patterns of tandem MS. Meanwhile, a simple, accurate and reliable HPLC-DAD method was also developed to determine the content of 10 chemical markers simultaneously. Results obtained from method validations including linearity, accuracy and precision showed that this new method is reliable and robust. Isochlorogenic acid A and brevilin A were found to be the most abundant in the ethanol extract of EBSC and could be served as markers for quality control of EBSC.

  17. Determination of Selected Colored Smokes on Glass Fiber Discs by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-01

    High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) F F_ n.ipl’prifl. Alan R...GROUP SUB-GROUP High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Analytical IMethod, 1,4-diamino-2,3-dihydroanthraquinone, 2-(2 - _ quinolinyl)-1,3...weights, low vapor pressures and low thermal stability. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) appears to be the analytical method of choice

  18. Coral Pigments: Quantification Using HPLC and Detection by Remote Sensing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cottone, Mary C.

    1995-01-01

    Widespread coral bleaching (loss of pigments of symbiotic dinoflagellates), and the corresponding decline in coral reef health worldwide, mandates the monitoring of coral pigmentation. Samples of the corals Porites compressa and P. lobata were collected from a healthy reef at Puako, Hawaii, and chlorophyll (chl) a, peridinin, and Beta-carotene (Beta-car) were quantified using reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Detailed procedures are presented for the extraction of the coral pigments in 90% acetone, and the separation, identification, and quantification of the major zooxanthellar pigments using spectrophotometry and a modification of the HPLC system described by Mantoura and Llewellyn (1983). Beta-apo-8-carotenal was found to be inadequate as in internal standard, due to coelution with chl b and/or chl a allomer in the sample extracts. Improvements are suggested, which may result in better resolution of the major pigments and greater accuracy in quantification. Average concentrations of peridinin, chl a, and Beta-car in corals on the reef were 5.01, 8.59, and 0.29, micro-grams/cm(exp 2), respectively. Average concentrations of peridinin and Beta-car did not differ significantly between the two coral species sampled; however, the mean chl a concentration in P. compressa specimens (7.81 ,micro-grams/cm(exp 2) was significantly lower than that in P. lobata specimens (9.96 11g/cm2). Chl a concentrations determined spectrophotometrically were significantly higher than those generated through HPLC, suggesting that spectrophotometry overestimates chl a concentrations. The average ratio of chl a-to-peridinin concentrations was 1.90, with a large (53%) coefficient of variation and a significant difference between the two species sampled. Additional data are needed before conclusions can be drawn regarding average pigment concentrations in healthy corals and the consistency of the chl a/peridinin ratio. The HPLC pigment concentration values

  19. Boron doped diamond microelectrodes arrays for electrochemical detection in HPLC.

    PubMed

    Mahé, Eric; Devilliers, Didier; Dardoize, François

    2015-01-01

    Boron doped diamond microelectrodes arrays (MEA) have been prepared in order to be used as new amperometric sensors in electrochemical cells for HPLC detectors. The following parameters were studied: number and diameter (15-40 µm) of the electrodes, distance between them (50-240 µm), and effect of the flow rate (0.1-3 mL/min). It was thus possible to find the optimum value of the parameters which give a good signal/noise ratio in the chronoamperometric responses, with a size of the electrochemical sensors as small as possible.

  20. [HPLC fingerprint of glycyrrhizea radix et rhizoma praeparata cum melle].

    PubMed

    Sun, Lei; Jin, Yong; Liu, Xiao-Qing; Qiao, Shan-Yi; Gao, Song; Che, Yan-Zhong

    2014-06-01

    The chromatographic fingerprint was established by eluting with the mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile and 0.2% formic acid water on an Agilent TC-C18 (2) column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm). Six chromatographic peaks were identified by HPLC-MS/MS method. Ten batches of Glycyrrhizea Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle were determined, and the similarity was arranged from 0.72 to 0.99. Good precision, stability and repeatability were obtained, and this study provides a reference for the quality control of Glycyrrhizea Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle.

  1. HPLC-Diode Array Detector Fingerprints of Various Mentha Species.

    PubMed

    Hawrył, Mirosław A

    2014-01-01

    Gradient elution HPLC was applied to develop fingerprints of 12 extracts obtained from selected mint species. The gradient was optimized by use of Merck ChromSword computer software on the basis of retention data of some standard compounds occurring in the investigated plant material. Two column types (RP18 and pentafluorophenyl) and two mobile phases (methanol-water and acetonitrile-water) were used during the experiments. Fingerprints of all extracts were generated, and on the basis of the fingerprints identification of the mints was possible.

  2. Determination of Sinomenine in Cubosome Nanoparticles by HPLC Technique

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Yanfang; Guo, Chunlian; Chen, Hongying; Zhang, Yudai; Peng, Xinsheng; Zhu, Ping

    2015-01-01

    We applied HPLC technique to quantitatively analyze sinomenine in cubosome nanoparticles. The chromatographic method was performed by using an isocratic system. The mobile phase was composed of methanol-PBS(pH6.8)-triethylamine (50 : 50 : 0.1%) with a flow rate of 1 mL/min; the detection wavelength was at 265 nm. Sinomenine can be successfully separated with good linearity (the regression equation is A = 10835C + 1058; R2 = 1.0) and perfect recovery (102.2%). The chromatograph technique was proper for quality control of sinomenine in cubosome nanoparticles. PMID:25734024

  3. HPLC analysis of nitroaromatic and nitroamine explosive residues

    SciTech Connect

    Reid, T.S.

    1995-12-31

    Recent closings of military installations have increased the demand for fast and reliable analysis of nitroaromatic and nitroamine explosives residues in soil, water, and sediment matrices. The compounds being analyzed are either used in the synthesis of explosives or are degradation products of compounds used for that purpose. A reversed phase, HPLC column was developed to allow the quantitation of a large number of explosive compounds in a single, isocratic analysis. The stationary phan is a modification of the commonly used octadecylsilyl (C18) ligand, and gives unique selectivity for nitroaromatics. The column is specifically tested for explosive analysis and is suitable for use with EPA method 8330.

  4. HPLC-DAD-MS identification of bioactive secondary metabolites from Ferula communis roots.

    PubMed

    Arnoldi, Lolita; Ballero, Mauro; Fuzzati, Nicola; Maxia, Andrea; Mercalli, Enrico; Pagni, Luca

    2004-06-01

    A simple HPLC method was developed to distinguish between 'poisonous' and 'non-poisonous' chemotypes of Ferula communis. The method was performed on a C8 reverse phase analytical column using a binary eluent (aqueous TFA 0.01%-TFA 0.01% in acetonitrile) under gradient condition. The two chemotypes showed different fingerprints. The identification of five coumarins and eleven daucane derivatives by HPLC-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and HPLC-MS is described. A coumarin, not yet described, was detected.

  5. Separation and quantitative analysis of alkyl sulfate ethoxymers by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Morvan, Julien; Hubert-Roux, Marie; Agasse, Valérie; Cardinael, Pascal; Barbot, Florence; Decock, Gautier; Bouillon, Jean-Philippe

    2008-01-01

    Separation of alkyl sulfate ethoxymers is investigated on various high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) stationary phases: Acclaim C18 Surfactant, Surfactant C8, and Hypercarb. For a fixed alkyl chain length, ethoxymers are eluted in the order of increasing number of ethoxylated units on Acclaim C18 Surfactant, whereas a reversed elution order is observed on Surfactant C8 and Hypercarb. Moreover, on an Acclaim C18 Surfactant column, non-ethoxylated compounds are eluted in their ethoxymers distribution and the use of sodium acetate additive in mobile phase leads to a co-elution of ethoxymers. HPLC stationary phases dedicated to surfactants analysis are evaluated by means of the Tanaka test. Surfactant C8 presents a great silanol activity whereas Acclaim C18 Surfactant shows a high steric selectivity. For alkyl sulfates, linearity of the calibration curve and limits of detection and quantitation are evaluated. The amount of sodium laureth sulfate raw material found in commercial body product is in agreement with the specification of the manufacturer.

  6. Pungency Quantitation of Hot Pepper Sauces Using HPLC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Betts, Thomas A.

    1999-02-01

    A class of compounds known as capsaicinoids are responsible for the "heat" of hot peppers. To determine the pungency of a particular pepper or pepper product, one may quantify the capsaicinoids and relate those concentrations to the perceived heat. The format of the laboratory described here allows students to collectively develop an HPLC method for the quantitation of the two predominant capsaicinoids (capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin) in hot-pepper products. Each small group of students investigated one of the following aspects of the method: detector wavelength, mobile-phase composition, extraction of capsaicinoids, calibration, and quantitation. The format of the lab forced students to communicate and cooperate to develop this method. The resulting HPLC method involves extraction with acetonitrile followed by solid-phase extraction clean-up, an isocratic 80:20 methanol-water mobile phase, a 4.6 mm by 25 cm C-18 column, and UV absorbance detection at 284 nm. The method developed by the students was then applied to the quantitation of capsaicinoids in a variety of hot pepper sauces. Editor's Note on Hazards in our April 2000 issue addresses the above.

  7. HPLC-fluorescence assay for acyclovir in children.

    PubMed

    Zeng, L; Nath, C E; Shaw, P J; Earl, J W; McLachlan, A J

    2008-08-01

    A simple, accurate, reliable and sensitive HPLC method was developed and validated for quantitating acyclovir in human plasma. Sample (100 microL) preparation involved addition of guanosine (internal standard) and protein precipitation with 7% perchloric acid and centrifugation. Supernatant (20 microL) was injected onto a C18 HPLC column with a mobile phase of 0.05 m sodium phosphate buffer-acetonitrile (pH 2.35, 992:8, v/v) with 25 microL of 0.4 m tetrabutylammonium hydroxide titrant and fluorescence detection (excitation, 260 nm; emission, 375 nm). Analyte recovery was 101% and the assay response was linear over the acyclovir concentration range of 0.1-20 mg/L. Intra- and inter-day accuracy and precision were less than 7%. The limit of detection and limit of quantitation were 0.033 and 0.1 mg/L, respectively. In five paediatric oncology patients administered intravenous acyclovir, concentrations ranged from 0.24 to 43.65 mg/L. This method can be used to measure acyclovir concentrations in paediatric patients.

  8. Selenite biotransformation during brewing. Evaluation by HPLC-ICP-MS.

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Martínez, Maria; da Silva, Erik Galvão P; Pérez-Corona, Teresa; Cámara, Carmen; Ferreira, Sergio L C; Madrid, Yolanda

    2012-01-15

    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and lactic bacteria have shown their ability to accumulate and transform inorganic selenium into organo Se compounds. The objective of this work was to evaluate selenium biotransformation during brewing by using S. cerevisiae and Saccharomyces uvarum for Ale and Lager fermentation, respectively. Se-enriched beer was produced by the addition of sodium selenite (0, 0.2, 1.0, 2.0, 10.0, 20.0 μg Se mL(-1), respectively) to the fermentation media composed of yeast, malt extract and water. The alcoholic fermentation process was not affected by the presence of selenium regardless of the type of Saccharomyces being used. The percentage of selenium incorporated into beer, added between 1.0 and 10 μg mL(-1) was 55-60% of the selenium initially present. Se-compounds in post-fermentation (beer and yeast) products were investigated by using an analytical methodology based on HPLC-ICP-MS. For this purpose, several sample treatments, including ultrasonic-assisted enzymatic hydrolysis, in conjunction with different separation mechanisms like dialysis and anion exchange HPLC chromatography were applied for unambiguously identifying Se-species that produce during brewing. Selenomethionine was the main selenium compound identified in beer and yeast, being this species in the only case of the former not associated to peptides or proteins.

  9. Evaluation of TEGDMA leaching from four resin cements by HPLC

    PubMed Central

    Altintas, Subutay Han; Usumez, Aslihan

    2012-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the elution of TEGDMA from dual cured resin cements, used for bonding of ceramic restoration by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Methods: Forty freshly extracted caries and restoration free molar teeth used in this study. Standardized Class I preparations were prepared in all teeth. Ceramic inlays were cemented with one of the dual cured resin cements (Variolink II, Rely X ARC, Rely X Unicem and Resilute). After cementation, specimens were stored in 75% ethanol solution. HPLC was used to analyze the amounts of TEGDMA in different time intervals. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests were used to evaluate the results (P<.05). Results: The amount of TEGDMA eluted from Resilute was the highest and the amount of TEG-DMA eluted from Rely X Unicem was the lowest (P<.05). The total amount of monomers was the highest after 21 days (P<.05). Conclusion: In the case of resin cements, elution of TEGDMA was the highest in Resilute and lowest in Rely X Unicem. The amount of TEGDMA eluted from resin cements was influenced by the time. PMID:22904653

  10. HPLC assisted Raman spectroscopic studies on bladder cancer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zha, W. L.; Cheng, Y.; Yu, W.; Zhang, X. B.; Shen, A. G.; Hu, J. M.

    2015-04-01

    We applied confocal Raman spectroscopy to investigate 12 normal bladder tissues and 30 tumor tissues, and then depicted the spectral differences between the normal and the tumor tissues and the potential canceration mechanism with the aid of the high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) technique. Normal tissues were demonstrated to contain higher tryptophan, cholesterol and lipid content, while bladder tumor tissues were rich in nucleic acids, collagen and carotenoids. In particular, β-carotene, one of the major types of carotenoids, was found through HPLC analysis of the extract of bladder tissues. The statistical software SPSS was applied to classify the spectra of the two types of tissues according to their differences. The sensitivity and specificity of 96.7 and 66.7% were obtained, respectively. In addition, different layers of the bladder wall including mucosa (lumps), muscle and adipose bladder tissue were analyzed by Raman mapping technique in response to previous Raman studies of bladder tissues. All of these will play an important role as a directive tool for the future diagnosis of bladder cancer in vivo.

  11. Determination of RS,E/Z-tocotrienols by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Drotleff, A M; Ternes, W

    2001-02-16

    Synthetic alpha-tocotrienol was separated into four geometrical E/Z side chain isomers by preparative HPLC (permethylated beta-cyclodextrin phase). The isolated isomers were resolved in ethylene glycol dimethyl ether, converted into the corresponding methyl ether using dimethyl sulfate, and the tocotrienol methyl ethers were extracted with n-hexane. A subsequent HPLC separation on a chiral phase (adsorbent cellulose derivated with 3,5-dimethyl phenyl carbamate) discriminates between the enantiomers of each E/Z side chain isomer, achieving the complete resolution of the eight occurring synthetic RS,E/Z-alpha-tocotrienols. The method can be shortened by omitting the preparative separation of the E/Z tocotrienol isomers prior to the chromatography on the chiral dimethyl phenyl carbamate phase. The simplified method achieved the following separation: RS,E/Z-alpha-tocotrienol separated into five peaks, RS,E/Z-beta-tocotrienol into eight, RS,E/Z-gamma-tocotrienol into six and RS,E/Z-delta-tocotrienol into eight peaks. The naturally occurring R,E-E-tocotrienol isomer could be identified within the synthetic RS,E/Z-isomers by co-chromatography with tocotrienol methyl ethers derived from natural sources, respectively.

  12. Characterization and quantitation of anthocyanins in purple-fleshed sweet potatoes cultivated in Korea by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Lee, Mi Jin; Park, Jeong Seob; Choi, Dong Seong; Jung, Mun Yhung

    2013-03-27

    The characterization and quantitative analysis of anthocyanins in four purple-fleshed sweet potato varieties (Borami, Mokpo 62, Shinzami, and Zami) cultivated in Korea were carried out by HPLC/diode array detector (DAD), HPLC-TOF/MS, and HPLC-MS/MS analyses. For the identification of anthocyanins, molecular formulas were first calculated by using the exact mass data of the molecular ions ([M](+)). The patterns of isotope ions of M(+) were also monitored to confirm the assignment of the molecular formulas. HPLC-MS(2) analysis was further conducted for elucidating their molecular structures. Twenty-seven different anthocyanins were tentatively identified in the sweet potatoes. Six of them are the first reported in sweet potatoes roots. The quantity and profiles of anthocyanins in sweet potatoes varied greatly with variety. Borami was found, for the first time, to be a rare sweet potato variety with an exceptionally high quantity of pelargonidin-based anthocyanins.

  13. Identification and determination of major flavonoids in rat urine by HPLC-UV and HPLC-MS methods following oral administration of Dalbergia odorifera extract.

    PubMed

    Liu, Rongxia; Wang, Wei; Wang, Qiao; Bi, Kaishun; Guo, Dean

    2006-01-01

    Flavonoids are the main active constituents of Dalbergia odorifera. The excretion of the major flavonoids in rat urine after oral administration of D. odorifera extract was investigated by HPLC-UV and HPLC-MS methods. Utilizing the HPLC-MS technique, 18 flavonoids, including five isoflavones, four isoflavanones, four neoflavones, two flavanones, two chalcones and one isoflavanonol were identified in free form in a urine sample based on the direct comparison of the corresponding tR, UV maximum absorbance (lambda(max)) values and MS data with the authentic standards. The amounts of the prominent flavonoids, (3R)-4'-methoxy-2',3,7-trihydroxyisoflavanone and vestitone, were determined by HPLC-UV with the internal standard method, and the validation procedure confirmed that it afforded reliable analysis of these two analytes in urine after oral administration of D. odorifera extract.

  14. Quantification of the molecular species of tetraacylglycerols in lesquerella (Physaria fendleri) Oil by HPLC and MS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Thirteen molecular species of tetraacylglycerols in the seed oil of Physaria fendleri were recently identified. We report here the quantification of these tetraacylglycerols using HPLC with evaporative light scattering detector and the MS of the HPLC fractions. Ion signal intensities of MS1 from th...

  15. Size exclusion HPLC of proteins for evaluation of durum wheat quality

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The present research aimed to assess size exclusion HPLC (SE-HPLC) in protein molecular weight distribution determination for quality evaluation of durum semolina. Semolina samples were milled from 13 durum genotypes grown at 7 locations in 2009 and 2010 in ND. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) buffer ...

  16. Determination of the rodenticides warfarin, diphenadione and chlorophacinone in soil samples by HPLC-DAD.

    PubMed

    Medvedovici, A; David, F; Sandra, P

    1997-09-01

    A HPLC-DAD method is described for the analysis of the rodenticides warfarin, diphenadione and chlorophacinone, together with the phenylurea herbicides isoproturon and diuron, in soil samples. The HPLC parameters have been optimised to provide baseline separation with symmetrical peakshapes in short analysis times. The sample preparation consists of Soxhlet extraction followed by SPE clean-up on cyanopropyl silica.

  17. Chemical Profiling (HPLC-NMR & HPLC-MS), Isolation, and Identification of Bioactive Meroditerpenoids from the Southern Australian Marine Brown Alga Sargassum paradoxum

    PubMed Central

    Brkljača, Robert; Urban, Sylvia

    2014-01-01

    A phytochemical investigation of a southern Australian marine brown alga, Sargassum paradoxum, resulted in the isolation and identification of four new (5, 9, 10, and 15) and nine previously reported (1, 2, 6–8, and 11–14) bioactive meroditerpenoids. HPLC-NMR and HPLC-MS were central to the identification of a new unstable compound, sargahydroquinal (9), and pivotal in the deconvolution of eight (1, 2, 5–7, and 10–12) other meroditerpenoids. In particular, the complete characterization and identification of the two main constituents (1 and 2) in the crude dichloromethane extract was achieved using stop-flow HPLC-NMR and HPLC-MS. This study resulted in the first acquisition of gHMBCAD NMR spectra in the stop-flow HPLC-NMR mode for a system solely equipped with a 60 μL HPLC-NMR flow cell without the use of a cold probe, microcoil, or any pre-concentration. PMID:25551779

  18. HPLC method for quantification and characterization of cholesterol and its oxidation products in eggs.

    PubMed

    Mazalli, Mônica R; Sawaya, Alexandra C H F; Eberlin, Marcos N; Bragagnolo, Neura

    2006-06-01

    A new method was developed for the simultaneous determination of cholesterol and its oxidation products in eggs, using HPLC with UV and refractive index (RI) detectors, and HPLC interfaced with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization coupled to MS (HPLC-APCI-MS). The best conditions for direct saponification of the sample and extraction of the non-saponifiable material were defined using complete factorial designs with central points. The method showed accuracy and precision with a detection limit between 0.002 and 0.079 microg/g. The oxides cholest-5-ene-3beta,20alpha-diol and cholest-5-ene-3beta,25-diol identified by HPLC-UV-RI were not confirmed by HPLC-APCI-MS.

  19. Characterization of nutraceuticals and functional foods by innovative HPLC methods.

    PubMed

    Corradini, Claudio; Galanti, Roberta; Nicoletti, Isabella

    2002-04-01

    In recent years there is a growing interest in food and food ingredient which may provide health benefits. Food as well as food ingredients containing health-preserving components, are not considered conventional food, but can be defined as functional food. To characterise such foods, as well as nutraceuticals specific, high sensitive and reproducible analytical methodologies are needed. In light of this importance we set out to develop innovative HPLC methods employing reversed phase narrow bore column and high-performance anion-exchange chromatographic methods coupled with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD), which are specific for carbohydrate analysis. The developed methods were applied for the separation and quantification of citrus flavonoids and to characterize fructooligosaccharide (FOS) and fructans added to functional foods and nutraceuticals.

  20. Quantitative analysis of PMR-15 polyimide resin by HPLC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roberts, Gary D.; Lauver, Richard W.

    1987-01-01

    The concentration of individual components and of total solids of 50 wt pct PMR-15 resin solutions was determined using reverse-phase HPLC to within + or - 8 percent accuracy. Acid impurities, the major source of impurities in 3,3', 4,4'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic acid (BTDE), were eliminated by recrystallizing the BTDE prior to esterification. Triester formation was not a problem because of the high rate of esterification of the anhydride relative to that of the carboxylic acid. Aging of PMR-15 resin solutions resulted in gradual formation of the mononadimide and bisnadimide of 4,4'-methylenedianiline, with the BTDE concentration remaining constant. Similar chemical reactions occurred at a reduced rate in dried films of PMR-15 resin.

  1. [Study on HPLC fingerprint chromatograms of Arisaematis Rhizoma].

    PubMed

    Luo, Fen; Lu, Dan; Chi, Yumei; Wu, Hao; Yu, Hongli

    2011-12-01

    The fingerprint chromatograms of Arisaematis Rhizoma were established by HPLC. The analysis was performed on a Lichrospher C18 (4.6 mm x 200 mm, 5 microm) column with acetonitrile-water (containing 0.1% acetic acid) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The detection wavelength was set at 270 nm, and the column temperature was 30 degrees C. The similarities of the fingerprint chromatograms were calculated over 0.9 between 11 batches of Arisaematis Rhizoma samples by analyzing 14 common peaks with adenosine as reference substance. However, their fingerprint chromatograms were significantly different from those of Pinellia pedatisecta and P. ternate. Adenine, hypoxanthine, xanthine, uridine, guanosine, adenosine, schaftoside, and isoschaftoside were identified by comparing the retention times and their ultraviolet spectra. The method is repeatable, exclusive and can be used for identification and evaluation of Arisaematis Rhizoma.

  2. HPLC Analysis of Colorants Migrated from Children's Modeling Clays.

    PubMed

    Kishi, Eri; Ozaki, Asako; Ooshima, Tomoko; Yamano, Tetsuo

    2016-01-01

    A method using high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) was developed for the identification of colorants migrated from colored modeling clays, which are popular toys for children. Twelve permitted dyes and 25 non-permitted dyes were analyzed in 20 clays (10 wheat clays, 2 rice clays, 2 corn clays, 3 paper clays and 3 resin clays). As a result, 13 products which were labeled for children's use (under 6 years old) met the specifications of the Japanese Food Sanitation Law, while non-permitted colorants were eluted from 2 products. In additon, unknown colorants were eluted from 3 products for people over 6 years old, although these are not covered by the Japanese regulation. It was suggested that some type of clays contained pigments, which are generally used in printing ink and plastics.

  3. Isomeric separation of methamphetamine by HPLC chiral column.

    PubMed

    Lekskulchai, V

    2001-11-01

    Methamphetamine and its active metabolite, amphetamine, are optically active compounds which, based upon synthetic routes, can be found in two forms; pure d-form and racemic mixture. Analysis of their isomers can help to identify which precursor is currently spreading widely in a given region. Since there are many drugs that can be metabolized to amphetamine/methamphetamine, isomeric separation can be a useful tool for evaluation of these drugs, as well. Indirect method by using N-trifluoroacetyl-1-prolyl chloride (1-TPC) was found to have limited accuracy due to the contribution effect. In this presentation a direct method using HPLC Chirex chiral column 3022 was studied. Although the method gave no base-line separation of two different isomer peaks, it gave good sensitivity, reliability, and linearity. No contribution effect was found in the method presented. It also gave excellent correlation with the 1-TPC method.

  4. [Detection of trehalose in transgenic tobacco by HPLC with ELSD].

    PubMed

    Zhou, J; Yang, B; Dai, X

    2001-06-01

    The E. coli trehase synthalose gene(otsA) was transferred into Nicotiana tabacum mediated by Agrobacterium, but the method for detecting low concentration of trehalose in transgenic plant was not available. The high performance liquid chromatograph(HPLC) with evaporative light-scatting detector(ELSD) using water: methyl cyanide(1:2.6 v/v) as mobile phase was established in this work. An ODS column Zorbax RX-SIL was employed. the trehalose detection limits of ELSD was 5 mg/L. From the linear relationship between the logarithm of trehalose concentration and the logarithm of peak area, it was shown there was 14.7 micrograms.(g FW)-1 in transgenic plant. The data strongly confirmed that trehalose was responsible for the improved stress tolerance of the tobacco.

  5. In vitro monitoring of ciprofloxacin antacids interactions by UV & HPLC.

    PubMed

    Sultana, Najma; Arayne, M Saeed; Hussain, Fida

    2005-10-01

    Ciprofloxacin or 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-7-(1-piperazinyl]-3-quinoline carboxylic acid is a fluorinated quinolone antibacterial agent extensively used worldwide. There are number of drug interactions reported for this antibacterial agent. In present studies, in vitro release of ciprofloxacin hydrochloride in presence of various antacids like sodium bicarbonate, calcium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium carbonate, magnesium trisilicate and magaldrate has been studied on BP 2002 dissolution test apparatus. Drug in each case was analyzed either by measuring the absorbance of aliquots at 278 and 316 nm on a UV/VIS spectrophotometer, or by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method. These studies were carried out in simulated gastric and intestinal juices for three hours at 37 degrees C. The availability of ciprofloxacin was found to be markedly retarded in presence of all the antacids studied.

  6. Quality control of roots of Eleutherococcus senticosus by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Apers, Sandra; Naessens, Tania; Van Miert, Sabine; Pieters, Luc; Vlietinck, Arnold

    2005-01-01

    An HPLC method based on several known methods for the determination of eleutherosides B and E was developed, optimised and validated in terms of linearity, precision (repeatability and intermediate precision on different days and at different concentration levels) and accuracy (recovery). The extraction procedure, the extraction solvent and the extraction yield were evaluated and optimised. A reversed-phase RP-18 column gradient eluted with a two-phase system consisting of phosphoric acid:water (0.5:99.5) and acetonitrile was used to evaluate the samples; detection was at 220 nm. Although eleutherosides B and E are commercially available, they are very costly, and therefore ferulic acid was chosen as external standard. The correction factors for the response of ferulic acid against both eleutherosides were determined and validated. This method, accepted by the European Pharmacopoeia Commission, will be included in the monograph on Eleutherococcus senticosus roots to assay the content of eleutherosides B and E.

  7. [HPLC-MS identification of degradation products of levofloxacin].

    PubMed

    Wang, Wei-Jian; Li, Tao; Li, Jun; Liu, Qi; Xie, Yuan-Chao

    2012-04-01

    The study aims to identify the degradation products of levofloxacin by HPLC-MS. The degradation products of levofloxacin were chromatographed on Agilent Zorbax Extend-C18 column (250 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 microm). The mobile phase was 0.1% ammonium acetate solution (using methanoic acid to adjust to pH 3.5)-acetonitrile at the flow rate of 0.5 mL x min(-1) (gradient elution), the column temperature was 40 degrees C. Descarboxyl levofloxacin, desmethyl levofloxacin and levofloxacin N-oxide were identified through comparing with the standard spectrum and the results of mass spectrometry, i.e. m/z 318.2 was descarboxyl levofloxacin, m/z 348.2 was desmethyl levofloxacin, m/z 378.1 was levofloxacin-N-oxide. This method is simple, fast, accurate and suitable for the identification of degradation products of levofloxacin.

  8. [HPLC determination of the related substances in erdosteine].

    PubMed

    Ma, Li; Zhang, Ling-di; Wang, Wen-na; Yao, Tong-wei

    2012-08-01

    An HPLC method was established for the determination of the related substance in erdosteine. Waters ODS-SunFire (250 mm x 4.6 mm ID, 5 microm) column was used, the mobile phase was composed of methanol-acetonitrile-0.01 mol x L(-1) citric acid (20:4:76, the pH value was adjusted by triethylamine to 2.5). The flow rate was 1 mL x min(-1). The detection wavelength was 254 nm. The related substances in the sample of erdosteine taken were calculated by self control with or without the response factor of impurity relative to that of erdosteine. Under the chromatographic condition developed, the impurities in erdosteine were isolated well. The detection limit was 0.2 microg x mL(-1) (signal/noise = 3) by principal component calculated. The method can be adopted to control the related substances in erdosteine.

  9. A simple, rapid method for HPLC analysis of lycopene isomers.

    PubMed

    Ishida, B K; Ma, J; Chan, B

    2001-01-01

    A rapid method for the extraction, separation and quantification of the geometric isomers of lycopene and beta-carotene from tomato fruit is described. Carotenoids in tomato were separated and eluted using a reversed-phase HPLC with a C30 column and a mobile phase consisting of methyl-t-butyl ether, methanol and ethyl acetate. The system provided sharp resolution of cis- and trans-isomers of lycopene within approximately 23 min in contrast to the longer and more complex gradient procedures required by previously described methods. Experiments indicate that the stability of extracts of fresh tomato may be improved if stored at -20 degrees C, and that the presence of the antioxidant BHA has no apparent effect on stability.

  10. Systematic Approach to Links between Separations in MEKC and Reversed-Phase HPLC.

    PubMed

    Ferguson, P D; Goodall, D M; Loran, J S

    1998-10-01

    Retention factors and partition coefficients in micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) are compared for a series of alkylbenzenes and substituted phenols. In both techniques, separations are based on partitioning between an aqueous phase and an alkyl phase. In MEKC, this was an SDS (C12) micellar pseudostationary phase, and in RP-HPLC an ODS 2 (C18) stationary phase. A nonporous silica (Micra 1.5-μm NPS), which has a low carbon loading, was used rather than a standard porous silica to avoid excessive retention in HPLC and to allow identical mobile phase conditions to be used in both separation modes. The average ratio of analyte retention factors, k(MEKC):k(HPLC), was found to be equal to the ratio β(MEKC):β(HPLC), where β is the phase ratio. This implies that partition coefficients, P, are similar in both MEKC and HPLC, since P = k/β, and that the dominant contribution to stability within each alkyl phase arises from hydrophobic interactions which are common to both separation media. Since partition coefficients are similar in MEKC and HPLC under aqueous buffer conditions, information on retention in one technique may be transferred to the other, provided that the phase ratios are known. In MEKC and HPLC, linear correlations of log octanol-water partition coefficients, K(ow), vs log k for the test compounds were transformed, knowing the phase ratio, to give log P values as a function of log K(ow). This allows quantitative links between MEKC and HPLC to be extended to include octanol-water partitioning. The addition of acetonitrile as an organic modifier over the concentration range 0-20% (v/v) was found to have a greater effect on k in HPLC than in MEKC. This could be a result of a decrease in the MEKC phase ratio due to an increase in the critical micelle concentration.

  11. Identification of Rhodiola species by using RP-HPLC*

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Qiang; Ruan, Xiao; Jin, Zhi-hua; Yan, Qi-chuan; Tu, Shan-jun

    2005-01-01

    An approach was established using RP-HPLC (reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography) to identify ten species of Rhodiola, R. coccinea A. Bor, R. junggarica C.Y. Yang et N.R. Cui spn., R. heterodonta A. Bor, R. linearifolia A. Bor, R. pamiro alaiucm A. Bor, R. kaschgarica A. Bor, R. litwinowii A. Bor, R. gelida schrenk, R. rosea L. and R. quadrifide Fisch et Mey collected from the Tianshan Mountains areas of China. Chromatograms of alcohol-soluble proteins, generated from these ten Rhodiola spp. were compared. Each chromatogram of alcohol-soluble proteins came from a single seed of one wild species only. The results showed that when using a Waters Delta Pak. C18, 5 μm particle size reversed phase column (150 mm×3.9 mm), a linear gradient of 22%–55% solvent B with a flow rate of 1 ml/min and a run time of 67 min, the chromatography gave optimum separation of Rhodiola alcohol-soluble proteins. Chromatogram of each species was different and could be used to identify those species. Cluster analysis of genetic similarity coefficients of 37% to 60% showed a medium degree of genetic diversity among the species in these eco-areas. Cluster analysis showed that the ten species of Rhodiola can be divided into four clusters and yielded the general and unique biochemical markers of these species. RP-HPLC was shown to be a rapid, repeatable and reliable method for Rhodiola species identification and analysis of genetic diversity. PMID:15909330

  12. Determination of Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO), Ethanol (ETOH), Formamide (F) and Glycerol/Formal (GF) by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-30

    HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC...Classification) (U) Determination of Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO), Ethanol, (ETOH), Formamide (F), and Glycerol/ Formal (GF) by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC...and 5). High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was the analytical method of choice for analyzing DMSO, ethanol, formamide and

  13. Validated HPLC and Ultra-HPLC Methods for Determination of Dronedarone and Amiodarone Application for Counterfeit Drug Analysis.

    PubMed

    El-Bagary, Ramzia I; Elkady, Ehab F; Mowaka, Shereen; Attallah, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Two simple, accurate, and precise chromatographic methods have been developed and validated for the determination of dronedarone (DRO) HCl and amiodarone (AMI) HCl either alone or in binary mixtures due to the possibility of using AMI as a counterfeit of DRO because of its lower price. First, an RP-HPLC method is described for the simultaneous determination of DRO and AMI. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a BDS Hypersil C18 column (150×4.6 mm, 5 μm). Isocratic elution based on potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer with 0.1% triethylamine pH 6-methanol (10+90, v/v) at a flow rate of 2 mL/min with UV detection at 254 nm was performed. The second method is RP ultra-HPLC in which the chromatographic separation was achieved on an AcclaimTM RSLC 120 C18 column (100×2.1 mm, 2.2 μm) using isocratic elution with potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer with 0.1% triethylamine pH 6-methanol (5+95, v/v) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min with UV detection at 254 nm. Linearity, accuracy, and precision of the two methods were found to be acceptable over the concentration ranges of 5-80 μg/mL for both DRO and AMI. The results were statistically compared using one-way analysis of variance. The optimized methods were validated and proved to be specific, robust, precise, and accurate for the QC of the drugs in their pharmaceutical preparations.

  14. [Quality assessment for sustained release pharmaceutical preparations by dissolution test using microdialysis-HPLC method].

    PubMed

    Nagai, Noriaki; Murao, Takatoshi; Inubuse, Rino; Konishi, Nahoko; Ito, Yoshimasa

    2011-04-01

    Dissolution testing is a core performance test in pharmaceutical development and quality control. The conventional HPLC dissolution method (batch-sampling method) has many steps such as the filtration, collection and replenishment of sample solutions. We previously reported the dissolution test by using microdialysis methods (microdialysis-HPLC method) that can omit many steps. In this study, we investigated whether the microdialysis-HPLC method can be applied to quality assessment for sustained release preparations by a dissolution test. Calcium-channel blockers nifedipine tablets (20 mg) were used, and the test solution used was 0.2 M hydrogen phosphate-citric acid buffer (pH 6.8) with or without 1% sodium lauryl sulfate. In both test solutions, the microdialysis-HPLC method is able to accomplish continuous sampling of sample solutions, and the dissolution behaviors of original nifedipine tablets by the microdialysis-HPLC method were similar to that of the batch-sampling method. In contrast, the dissolution behaviors by the microdialysis-HPLC method were different between original nifedipine tablets and generic products, and the dissolution behaviors in the microdialysis-HPLC method tend to reflect the pharmaceutical design in comparison with the batch-sampling method. In addition, standard deviation in the microdialysis-HPLC method was lower than that of the batch-sampling method. We found that the recovery rate of nifedipine by the microdialysis-HPLC method was increased with the decrease in flow rate through dialysis probe. These findings provide significant information that can be used in pharmaceutical development and quality assessment for original and generic pharmaceutical products, which are sustained release preparations.

  15. Electrochemically Pretreated Carbon Microfiber Electrodes as Sensitive HPLC-EC Detectors

    PubMed Central

    Bartosova, Zdenka; Riman, Daniel; Jakubec, Petr; Halouzka, Vladimir; Hrbac, Jan; Jirovsky, David

    2012-01-01

    The paper focuses on the analysis and detection of electroactive compounds using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with electrochemical detection (EC). The fabrication and utilization of electrochemically treated carbon fiber microelectrodes (CFMs) as highly sensitive amperometric detectors in HPLC are described. The applied pretreatment procedure is beneficial for analytical characteristics of the sensor as demonstrated by analysis of the model set of phenolic acids. The combination of CFM with separation power of HPLC technique allows for improved detection limits due to unique electrochemical properties of carbon fibers. The CFM proved to be a promising tool for amperometric detection in liquid chromatography. PMID:22654586

  16. Dissipation of hexythiozox on beans pods by HPLC-DAD.

    PubMed

    Abd-Alrahman, Sherif H

    2013-04-01

    An effective analytical method for the residue analysis of a novel acaricide hexythiozox and its dissipation in beans pods were studied. Hexythiozox residues were extracted from beans pods samples and the extract was cleaned up according to QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe) method and determined by high-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detector (HPLC-DAD). At fortification levels of 0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 mg kg(-1) in Beans Pods, it was shown that recoveries ranged from 82.4 % to 89.6 % with relative standard deviation (RSD) of 6 %-9 %. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were found to be 0.02 and 0.06 mg kg(-1), respectively. The dissipation half-life time of hexythiozox residues in beans pods was 12.04 days. According to maximum residue limit (MRL) 0.5 mg kg(-1), the preharvest interval (PHI) of hexythiozox on beans pods was 10 days after the treatment. Based on the results of this study and the relevant residue regulation, hexythiozox residue levels will be acceptable when applied to beans pods in Egypt.

  17. Simultaneous determination of synthetic colorants in yogurt by HPLC.

    PubMed

    de Araújo Siqueira Bento, Waleska; Lima, Bruno Parente; Paim, Ana Paula S

    2015-09-15

    This article reports on a method to determine synthetic dyes in yogurts and milk drinks. Initially a method for extraction of artificial dyes was developed to pretreat samples in order to extract most of the artificial colorants. Then, the colorants were analyzed by HPLC-PAD using gradient elutions. The method was linear in the range of 0.5-25mgL(-1) colorants (0.9991

  18. Parvaquone and buparvaquone: HPLC analysis and comparative pharmacokinetics in cattle.

    PubMed

    Kinabo, L D; Bogan, J A

    1988-03-01

    A high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the determination of the antitheilerial drugs parvaquone and buparvaquone in plasma was developed. Both compounds were extracted from plasma with ether. After evaporating the extracts to dryness the residue was dissolved in methanol and an aliquot was injected onto a column (10 cm X 5 mm, i.d.) of ODS-Hypersil (5 mu) with a mobile phase of 0.05 M-Na acetate buffer (pH 3.6)-methanol (15:85, v/v). Detection was at 252 nm. The mean recovery for both compounds was about 92%. This method was used to elucidate their pharmacokinetics in 6 calves after intramuscular administration. The maximum plasma concentration for parvaquone was 6.36 +/- 0.58 micrograms/ml after 0.84 +/- 0.08 h. The corresponding values for buparvaquone were 0.102 +/- 0.030 microgram/ml and 3.17 +/- 0.39 h, respectively. The decay in plasma concentrations for the two drugs was biexponential and the terminal elimination half lives were 11.12 +/- 1.63 h and 26.44 +/- 2.81 h for parvaquone and buparvaquone, respectively.

  19. New validated method for piracetam HPLC determination in human plasma.

    PubMed

    Curticapean, Augustin; Imre, Silvia

    2007-01-10

    The new method for HPLC determination of piracetam in human plasma was developed and validated by a new approach. The simple determination by UV detection was performed on supernatant, obtained from plasma, after proteins precipitation with perchloric acid. The chromatographic separation of piracetam under a gradient elution was achieved at room temperature with a RP-18 LiChroSpher 100 column and aqueous mobile phase containing acetonitrile and methanol. The quantitative determination of piracetam was performed at 200 nm with a lower limit of quantification LLQ=2 microg/ml. For this limit, the calculated values of the coefficient of variation and difference between mean and the nominal concentration are CV%=9.7 and bias%=0.9 for the intra-day assay, and CV%=19.1 and bias%=-7.45 for the between-days assay. For precision, the range was CV%=1.8/11.6 in the intra-day and between-days assay, and for accuracy, the range was bias%=2.3/14.9 in the intra-day and between-days assay. In addition, the stability of piracetam in different conditions was verified. Piracetam proved to be stable in plasma during 4 weeks at -20 degrees C and for 36 h at 20 degrees C in the supernatant after protein precipitation. The new proposed method was used for a bioequivalence study of two medicines containing 800 mg piracetam.

  20. Strong cation exchange monoliths for HPLC by Reactive Gelation.

    PubMed

    Brand, Bastian; Krättli, Martin; Storti, Giuseppe; Morbidelli, Massimo

    2011-08-01

    Polymeric monolithic stationary phases for HPLC can be produced by Reactive Gelation. Unlike the conventional method of using porogens, such novel process consists of a number of separate steps, thus enabling a better control of the quality of the final material. A suspension of polymer nanoparticles in water is produced and subsequently swollen with hydrophobic monomers. The particles are then destabilised (usually by salt addition) to make them aggregate into a large percolating structure, the so-called monolith. Finally, the added monomer can then be polymerised to harden the structure. In this work, a polystyrene latex is used as the base material and functionalised by introduction of epoxide groups on the surface and subsequent reaction to sulphonic acid groups, yielding a SO3(-) density of 0.7 mmol/g dry material. Morphological investigations show 54% porosity made of 300 nm large pores. Van Deemter measurements of a large protein show no practical influence of diffusion limitations on the plate number. Finally, a preliminary separation of a test protein mixture is shown, demonstrating the potential of using ion-exchange chromatography on Reactive Gelation monoliths.

  1. HPLC determination of extractable and unextractable proanthocyanidins in plant materials.

    PubMed

    Hellström, Jarkko K; Mattila, Pirjo H

    2008-09-10

    This study developed a method for the determination of extractable and unextractable proanthocyanidins. Extractable proanthocyanidins were separated according to their degree of polymerization using normal phase HPLC. Unextractable proanthocyanidins were measured after acid-catalyzed depolymerization as flavan-3-ols (terminal units) and benzylthioethers (external units). Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was used for the identification of proanthocyanidins in the samples. Hubaux-Vos detection limits were 0.01-0.15 ng/injection for extractable proanthocyanidins, with recovery rates from 69 to 91%. Detection limits for unextractable proanthocyanidin derivatives were 0.002-0.035 ng/injection with 80% recovery. The developed method was applied to the analysis of several fruit and berry samples. Results showed great variation in the proportion of unextractable proanthocyanidins in total proanthocyanidin content between samples, being highest in the green variety of table grape (63%) and lowest in the apple cultivar 'Valkeakuulas' (4.1%). The method reported herein is reliable and gives valuable information on the nature of proanthocyanidins in plant-derived foods.

  2. New HPLC method for separation of blood plasma phospholipids.

    PubMed

    Suchocka, Zofia; Gronostajska, Dorota; Suchocki, Piotr; Pachecka, Jan

    2003-08-08

    The aim of the present work was to develop a new HPLC method for separation of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI) and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) from small-volume samples of blood plasma. Human plasma glycerophospholipids were separated by liquid-liquid extraction method followed by solid phase extraction (SPE) on aminopropyl columns. Reversed-phase Sephasil C8 column (10 cm x 2.1 mm, I.D. 5 microm) and micropreparative chromatograph "SMART" were used for separation of PC, PE, LPC and PI from SPE phospholipids extract. Binary-step gradient of eluent A: acetonitrile-methanol (130:5, v/v) and B (0.01% trifluoroacetic acid) provided good, fast and reproducible resolution of investigated phospholipids classes in 12 min at 30 degrees C. Eluted phospholipids were detected at wavelengths lambda=235 and 254 nm. This method made it possible to determine quantitatively: 5 microg ml(-1) PC, 1 microg ml(-1) LPC, 4 microg ml(-1) PE and 3 microg ml(-1) PI in blood plasma samples.

  3. Determination of dehydrodiisoeugenol in rat tissues using HPLC method.

    PubMed

    Li, Fei; Yang, Xiu-Wei

    2008-11-01

    Dehydrodiisoeugenol (DDIE) is a bioactive neolignan from the seeds of Myristica fragrans Houtt., which exhibits good anti-inflammatory activity. A rapid and simple high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method has been developed for the determination of DDIE in rat tissues after intravenous administration. The tissue samples were processed by liquid-liquid extraction. The analyses were successfully carried out on a Diamonsiltrade mark ODS C18 column (250 x 4.6 mm i.d., 5 microm) equipped with a C18 guard column (8 x 4.6 mm i.d., 5 microm). The mobile phase was the system of methanol-water (4:1, v/v). The UV detection was set at 270 nm. The calibration curves were linear from 0.4 to 200.0 microg/g with the correlation coefficients (r(2)) greater than 0.998. The intra- and inter-day precisions in quality control samples were less than 10% and the accuracies were in the range 85.4-110.3%. The average recoveries from all the tissues were between 84.4 and 106.0%. This assay method has been successfully used to study the tissues distribution of DDIE in rats after intravenous administration. The result suggests that DDIE is distributed to rat tissues rapidly with possibly greater initial concentrations in liver and brain than in other tissues.

  4. Exclusion and retention of compensatory kosmotropes by HPLC columns.

    PubMed

    Lever, M

    1998-09-16

    With water as the elution solvent, zwitterionic solutes and polyols were retained on HPLC columns, more than was water, by totally hydrophobic packing materials. Relative retentions were systematically affected by oxygen functional groups in the packing material, explicable as specific retention of water. Reproducible elution sequences of 20 solutes at a variety of hydrophobic surfaces (aromatic and both long- and short-alkyl aliphatic surfaces) showed there is a general process, consistent with interactions with hydration water at the surface having solvent properties distinct from bulk water. Early eluting solutes included glycine, sarcosine and taurine. Glycine betaine followed both these and N,N-dimethylglycine. The natural betaines propionobetaine and dimethylsulfoniopropionate also preceded glycine betaine. Dimethylsulfoxide was strongly retained, as (to a lesser extent) was proline betaine. Polyols eluted in the sequence sorbitol, trehalose, glycerol. Changes in the chemical nature of the surface or base material affected relative retentions of water and solutes. The presence of hydrogen-bonding functions increased retention of polyols, as well as water, relative to zwitterionic solutes. Specific effects retention, constraining models based on the formation of low-density water.

  5. HPLC-Fingerprints and Antioxidant Constituents of Phyla nodiflora

    PubMed Central

    Yen, Feng-Lin; Chen, Pei-Chun; Wang, Moo-Chin; Lin, Chun-Nan; Lee, Chiang-Wen; Ko, Horng-Huey

    2014-01-01

    Phyla nodiflora is a creeping perennial herb, widely distributed in the most tropical and subtropical regions. It has been used as a folk medicine, herbal beverage, or folk cosmetic. For these usages, the development of a chemical quality control method of this plant is necessary. In the present study, ten compounds, namely, 3,7,4′,5′-tetrahydroxy-3′-methoxyflavone (1), nodifloretin (2), 4′-hydroxywogonin (3), onopordin (4), cirsiliol (5), 5,7,8,4′-tetrahydroxy-3′-methoxyflavone (6), eupafolin (7), hispidulin (8), larycitrin (9), and β-sitosterol were isolated from the methanolic extract of the aerial part of P. nodiflora (PNM) and their structures were identified by 1D-NMR comparing their spectra with the literature. The antioxidant activities of these compounds were evaluated by free radical scavenging activity and tyrosinase inhibitory effect in cell-free systems. Compounds 4, 5, and 7 showed strong antioxidant activity. To control the quality of P. nodiflora, a simple and reliable method of high-performance liquid chromatography combined with ultraviolet detector (HPLC-UV) was established for both the fingerprint analysis and the quantitative determination of two selected active compounds, onopordin (4) and eupafolin (7). Statistical analysis of the obtained data demonstrated that our method achieved the desired linearity, precision, and accuracy. The results indicated that the developed method can be used as a quality evaluation method for PNM. PMID:25140335

  6. Determination of paraquat in vegetables using HPLC-MS-MS.

    PubMed

    Zou, Tingting; He, Pingli; Cao, Jingjing; Li, Zhen

    2015-02-01

    A simple, sensitive, reliable and economical method was developed for the determination of paraquat (a widely used herbicide) in four edible vegetables (cabbage, lettuce, spinach and Chinese cabbage) using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS-MS). The samples were extracted with water under sonication and cleaned up by weak cation exchange solid-phase extraction. Chromatographic separation of paraquat was achieved on a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography column (2.1 × 100 mm, 3 µm) with a gradient program using 10 mM ammonium acetate in 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile as mobile phase. The low salt concentration used in the eluting buffer ensured extended LC-MS analysis of paraquat in different matrices without the necessity of frequent source cleaning. The validity of the developed method was evaluated by spiking paraquat in four edible vegetables at 50 and 500 ng g(-1). Recovery ranged from 43.6 to 73.5%. The limit of detection is 0.94 ng g(-1). With the developed method, the kinetic of paraquat entering plant tissue was also evaluated.

  7. HPLC retention thermodynamics of grape and wine tannins.

    PubMed

    Barak, Jennifer A; Kennedy, James A

    2013-05-08

    The effect of grape and wine tannin structure on retention thermodynamics under reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography conditions on a polystyrene divinylbenzene column was investigated. On the basis of retention response to temperature, an alternative retention factor was developed to approximate the combined temperature response of the complex, unresolvable tannin mixture. This alternative retention factor was based upon relative tannin peak areas separated by an abrupt change in solvent gradient. Using this alternative retention factor, retention thermodynamics were calculated. Van't Hoff relationships of the natural log of the alternative retention factor against temperature followed Kirchoff's relationship. An inverse quadratic equation was fit to the data, and from this the thermodynamic parameters for tannin retention were calculated. All tannin fractions exhibited exothermic, spontaneous interaction, with enthalpy-entropy compensation observed. Normalizing for tannin size, distinct tannin compositional effects on thermodynamic parameters were observed. The results of this study indicate that HPLC can be valuable for measuring the thermodynamics of tannin interaction with a hydrophobic surface and provides a potentially valuable alternative to calorimetry. Furthermore, the information gathered may provide insight into understanding red wine astringency quality.

  8. HPLC-ELSD analysis of spectinomycin dihydrochloride and its impurities.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Junyi; Zhang, Lin; Wang, Yan; Yan, Chao

    2011-08-01

    A simple, rapid and reliable reversed-phase ion-pair chromatography method by HPLC coupled to an evaporative light scattering detector (ELSD) has been developed to simultaneously determine chloride, spectinomycin and its related substances in a sample. The column was a TSKgel ODS-100V. The mobile phase was ACN/aqueous solution of 15 mM ammonium acetate adjusted with TFA to pH 3.0 (2:98 v/v), in an isocratic mode. The drift tube temperature was set at 50°C and the nebulizing gas flow rate of air was 3.5 L/min for ELSD detection. Almost all of the reported degradation compounds of spectinomycin such as actinamine, actinospectinoic acid and biosynthesis intermediates such as dihydrospectinomycin diastereoisomers were baseline separated. MS was utilized for the identification of spectinomycin and its seven related substances. The method for the assay of spectinomycin was successfully validated with respect to accuracy, precision (RSD less than 2%), linearity (throughout the linear range 0.025-3 mg/mL, r=0.9993), sensitivity (LOD: 100 ng on column) and robustness. The experimental results demonstrated that the simultaneous determination of chloride, spectinomycin and related substances is feasible in a single run, which suggests applicability in routine assays.

  9. A Microfluidics-HPLC/Differential Mobility Spectrometer Macromolecular Detection System for Human and Robotic Missions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coy, S. L.; Killeen, K.; Han, J.; Eiceman, G. A.; Kanik, I.; Kidd, R. D.

    2011-03-01

    Our goal is to develop a unique, miniaturized, solute analyzer based on microfluidics technology. The analyzer consists of an integrated microfluidics High Performance Liquid Chromatographic chip/Differential Mobility Spectrometer (HPLC-chip/DMS) detection system.

  10. HPLC SEPARATION OF CHIRAL ORGANOPHOSPHORUS PESTICIDES ON POLYSACCHARIDE CHIRAL STATIONARY PHASES

    EPA Science Inventory

    High-performance liquid chromatographic separation of the individual enantiomers of 12 organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) were obtained on polysaccharide chiral HPLC columns using an alkane-alcohol mobile phase. The OP pesticides were crotoxyphos, dialifor, dyfonate, fenamiphos, ...

  11. Multielemental speciation analysis by advanced hyphenated technique - HPLC/ICP-MS: A review.

    PubMed

    Marcinkowska, Monika; Barałkiewicz, Danuta

    2016-12-01

    Speciation analysis has become an invaluable tool in human health risk assessment, environmental monitoring or food quality control. Another step is to develop reliable multielemental speciation methodologies, to reduce costs, waste and time needed for the analysis. Separation and detection of species of several elements in a single analytical run can be accomplished by high performance liquid chromatography hyphenated to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC/ICP-MS). Our review assembles articles concerning multielemental speciation determination of: As, Se, Cr, Sb, I, Br, Pb, Hg, V, Mo, Te, Tl, Cd and W in environmental, biological, food and clinical samples analyzed with HPLC/ICP-MS. It addresses the procedures in terms of following issues: sample collection and pretreatment, selection of optimal conditions for elements species separation by HPLC and determination using ICP-MS as well as metrological approach. The presented work is the first review article concerning multielemental speciation analysis by advanced hyphenated technique HPLC/ICP-MS.

  12. Quantification of Free Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Plasma or Serum Using HPLC/MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Scott, David; Heese, Bryce; Garg, Uttam

    2016-01-01

    Acylcarnitines are formed by esterification between fatty acids CoA or organic acids CoA molecules and carnitine. In various fatty acids oxidation defects and organic acidurias, there is increased concentration of corresponding acylcarnitines. Abnormalities in specific acylcarnitines are used in the diagnosis of fatty acids oxidation defects and organic acidurias. Most commonly used method for the assay of acylcarnitines is HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS/MS). A HPLC/MS/MS method is described for the quantification of number of acylcarnitines. The method involves butylation of carnitine/acylcarnitines using acidified butanol, HPLC flow injection, and measurement of acylcarnitines using precursor ion scan and multiple reactions monitoring (MRM).

  13. Spectroscopic characterization and quantitative determination of atorvastatin calcium impurities by novel HPLC method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gupta, Lokesh Kumar

    2012-11-01

    Seven process related impurities were identified by LC-MS in the atorvastatin calcium drug substance. These impurities were identified by LC-MS. The structure of impurities was confirmed by modern spectroscopic techniques like 1H NMR and IR and physicochemical studies conducted by using synthesized authentic reference compounds. The synthesized reference samples of the impurity compounds were used for the quantitative HPLC determination. These impurities were detected by newly developed gradient, reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. The system suitability of HPLC analysis established the validity of the separation. The analytical method was validated according to International Conference of Harmonization (ICH) with respect to specificity, precision, accuracy, linearity, robustness and stability of analytical solutions to demonstrate the power of newly developed HPLC method.

  14. Spectroscopic characterization and quantitative determination of atorvastatin calcium impurities by novel HPLC method.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Lokesh Kumar

    2012-11-01

    Seven process related impurities were identified by LC-MS in the atorvastatin calcium drug substance. These impurities were identified by LC-MS. The structure of impurities was confirmed by modern spectroscopic techniques like (1)H NMR and IR and physicochemical studies conducted by using synthesized authentic reference compounds. The synthesized reference samples of the impurity compounds were used for the quantitative HPLC determination. These impurities were detected by newly developed gradient, reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. The system suitability of HPLC analysis established the validity of the separation. The analytical method was validated according to International Conference of Harmonization (ICH) with respect to specificity, precision, accuracy, linearity, robustness and stability of analytical solutions to demonstrate the power of newly developed HPLC method.

  15. HPLC-Orbitrap analysis for identification of organic molecules in complex material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gautier, T.; Schmitz-Afonso, I.; Carrasco, N.; Touboul, D.; Szopa, C.; Buch, A.; Pernot, P.

    2015-10-01

    We performed High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) coupled to Orbitrap High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (OHR MS) analysis of Titan's tholins. This analysis allowed us to determine the exact composition and structure of some of the major components of tholins.

  16. HPLC profiling and quantification of active principles in leaves of Hedera helix L.

    PubMed

    Demirci, B; Goppel, M; Demirci, F; Franz, G

    2004-10-01

    Ivy (Hedera helix L., Araliaceae), is an evergreen medicinal and ornamental plant. Depending on leaf polymorphism different shaped ivy leaves were extracted and subsequently analyzed by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Quantitative determination of its most prominent saponins hederacoside C (1) and alpha-hederin (2) from different ivy leaf extracts were detected, validated and optimized for quick profiling. The linearity of response, repeatability and reproducibility of the applied RP-HPLC method are reported.

  17. HPLC-DAD determination of benzo(a) pyrene in waste gas

    SciTech Connect

    Lehotay, J.; Halmo, F.; Brandsteterova, E.; Oktavec, D. )

    1993-01-01

    Diode array detection (DAD) was used in HPLC trace determination of benzo(a)pyrene in gas emission. The linearity and detection limit was calculated. It was found that DAD - HPLC combination is selective and sensitive enough to be used for the monitoring of the benzo(a)pyrene concentration in gas emission where its presence is presumed. The limit of the determination of the suggested method is 1/[mu]g/m[sup 3].

  18. Cluster analysis of historical and modern hard red spring wheat cultivars based on parentage and HPLC analysis of gluten forming proteins

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In this study, 30 hard red spring (HRS) wheat cultivars released between 1910 and 2013 were analyzed to determine how they cluster in terms of parentage and protein data, analyzed by reverse-phase HPLC (RP-HPLC) of gliadins, and size-exclusion HPLC (SE-HPLC) of unreduced proteins. Dwarfing genes in...

  19. HPLC determination of chlorate metabolism in bovine ruminal fluid.

    PubMed

    Beier, Ross C; Hume, Michael E; Anderson, Robin C; Oliver, Christy E; Callaway, Todd R; Edrington, Thomas S; Nisbet, David J

    2007-08-01

    Salmonella and Escherichia coli are two bacteria that are important causes of human and animal disease worldwide. Chlorate is converted in the cell to chlorite, which is lethal to these bacteria. An HPLC procedure was developed for the rapid analysis of chlorate (ClO(3)(-)), nitrate (NO(3)(-)), and nitrite (NO(2)(-)) ions in bovine ruminal fluid samples. Standard curves for chlorite, nitrite, nitrate, and chlorate were well defined linear curves with R(2) values of 0.99846, 0.99106, 0.99854, and 0.99138, respectively. Concentrations of chlorite could not be accurately determined in bovine ruminal fluid because chlorite reacts with or binds a component(s) or is reduced to chloride in bovine ruminal fluid resulting in low chlorite measurements. A standard curve ranging from 25 to 150 ppm ClO(3)(-) ion was used to measure chlorate fortified into ruminal fluid. The concentration of chlorate was more rapidly lowered (P < 0.01) under anaerobic compared to aerobic incubation conditions. Chlorate alone or chlorate supplemented with the reductants sodium lactate or glycerol were bactericidal in anaerobic incubations. In anaerobic culture, the addition of sodium formate to chlorate-fortified ruminal fluid appeared to decrease chlorate concentrations; however, formate also appeared to moderate the bactericidal effect of chlorate against E. coli. Addition of the reductants, glycerol or lactate, to chlorate-fortified ruminal fluid did not increase the killing of E. coli at 24 h, but may be useful when the reducing equivalents are limiting as in waste holding reservoirs or composting systems required for intense animal production.

  20. Identifying Phytoplankton Classes In California Reservoirs Using HPLC Pigment Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siddiqui, S.; Peacock, M. B.; Kudela, R. M.; Negrey, K.

    2014-12-01

    Few bodies of water are routinely monitored for phytoplankton composition due to monetary and time constraints, especially the less accessible bodies of water in central and southern California. These lakes and estuaries are important for economic reasons such as tourism and fishing. This project investigated the composition of phytoplankton present using pigment analysis to identify dominant phytoplankton groups. A total of 28 different sites with a wide range of salinity (0 - 60) in central and southern California were examined. These included 13 different bodies of water in central California: 6 in the Sierras, 7 in the San Francisco Bay Estuary, and 15 from southern California. The samples were analyzed using high-performance liquid-chromatography (HPLC) to quantify the pigments present (using retention time and the spectral thumbprint). Diagnostic pigments were used to indicate the phytoplankton class composition, focusing on diatoms, dinoflagellates, cryptophytes, and cyanobacteria - all key phytoplankton groups indicative of the health of the sampled reservoir. Our results indicated that cyanobacteria dominated four of the seven bodies of central California water (Mono Lake, Bridgeport Reservoir, Steamboat Slough, and Pinto Lake); cryptophytes and nannoflagellates dominated two of the central California bodies of water (Mare Island Strait and Topaz Lake); and diatoms and dinoflagellates dominated one central California body of water, Oakland Inner Harbor, comprising more than 70% of the phytoplankton present. We expect the bodies of water from Southern California to be as disparate. Though this data is only a snapshot, it has significant implications in comparing different ecosystems across California, and it has the potential to provide valuable insight into the composition of phytoplankton communities.

  1. Development and application of HPLC-RI and HPLC-MS/MS based methods for quantification of residual deoxycholate levels in pneumococcal polysaccharides.

    PubMed

    Gairola, Sunil; Gautam, Manish; Patil, Dada; Manoj Kumar, Krishna; Shinde, Pravin; Jana, S K; Dhere, Rajeev; Jadhav, Suresh

    2016-11-01

    The analysis of residual sodium deoxycholate (DOC); a detergent of biological origin used in manufacturing of polysaccharide vaccines is challenging due to complex sample matrices and the lack of suitable methods. Here we report, rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography-refractive index (HPLC-RI) and tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) methods for estimation of residual DOC in pneumococcal polysaccharides. For HPLC-RI method, separation was achieved using Luna C18 column and mobile phase compositions of acetonitrile: methanol: 20 mM sodium acetate (60:05:35% v/v). For HPLC-MS/MS method, separation was achieved using a Hypersil BDS C18 column with gradient elution of methanol and water (0.1% formic acid). MS/MS method showed linearity (r(2) = 0.997) over the range of 10-320 ng/mL with limits of detection (LOD) and lower limit of quantitation (LOQ) of 3 and 10 ng/mL respectively. Precision (% RSD) and accuracy (% recovery) for both methods were in the range of 0.74-8.29% and 82.33-117.86% respectively. Sample matrices interferences were addressed following novel sample clean-up method based on liquid-liquid extraction. Both methods enabled traceable quantitation of DOC in intermediate and purified pneumococcal polysaccharides of serotypes: 1, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 19A, 19F and 23F.

  2. Separation, identification, quantification, and method validation of anthocyanins in botanical supplement raw materials by HPLC and HPLC-MS.

    PubMed

    Chandra, A; Rana, J; Li, Y

    2001-08-01

    A method has been established and validated for identification and quantification of individual, as well as total, anthocyanins by HPLC and LC/ES-MS in botanical raw materials used in the herbal supplement industry. The anthocyanins were separated and identified on the basis of their respective M(+) (cation) using LC/ES-MS. Separated anthocyanins were individually calculated against one commercially available anthocyanin external standard (cyanidin-3-glucoside chloride) and expressed as its equivalents. Amounts of each anthocyanin calculated as external standard equivalent were then multiplied by a molecular-weight correction factor to afford their specific quantities. Experimental procedures and use of a molecular-weight correction factors are substantiated and validated using Balaton tart cherry and elderberry as templates. Cyanidin-3-glucoside chloride has been widely used in the botanical industry to calculate total anthocyanins. In our studies on tart cherry and elderberry, its use as external standard followed by use of molecular-weight correction factors should provide relatively accurate results for total anthocyanins, because of the presence of cyanidin as their major anthocyanidin backbone. The method proposed here is simple and has a direct sample preparation procedure without any solid-phase extraction. It enables selection and use of commercially available anthocyanins as external standards for quantification of specific anthocyanins in the sample matrix irrespective of their commercial availability as analytical standards. It can be used as a template and applied for similar quantification in several anthocyanin-containing raw materials for routine quality control procedures, thus providing consistency in analytical testing of botanical raw materials used for manufacturing efficacious and true-to-the-label nutritional supplements.

  3. Combined HPLC-CUPRAC (cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity) assay of parsley, celery leaves, and nettle.

    PubMed

    Yildiz, Leyla; Başkan, Kevser Sözgen; Tütem, Esma; Apak, Reşat

    2008-10-19

    This study aims to identify the essential antioxidant compounds present in parsley (Petroselinum sativum) and celery (Apium graveolens) leaves belonging to the Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) family, and in stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) belonging to Urticaceae family, to measure the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of these compounds with CUPRAC (cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity) and ABTS spectrophotometric methods, and to correlate the TAC with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) findings. The CUPRAC spectrophotometric method of TAC assay using copper(II)-neocuproine (2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline) as the chromogenic oxidant was developed in our laboratories. The individual antioxidant constituents of plant extracts were identified and quantified by HPLC on a C18 column using a modified mobile phase of gradient elution comprised of MeOH-0.2% o-phosphoric acid and UV detection for polyphenols at 280 nm. The TAC values of HPLC-quantified antioxidant constituents were found, and compared for the first time with those found by CUPRAC. The TAC of HPLC-quantified compounds accounted for a relatively high percentage of the observed CUPRAC capacities of plant extracts, namely 81% of nettle, 60-77% of parsley (in different hydrolyzates of extract and solid sample), and 41-57% of celery leaves (in different hydrolyzates). The CUPRAC total capacities of the 70% MeOH extracts of studied plants (in the units of mmol trolox g(-1)plant) were in the order: celery leaves>nettle>parsley. The TAC calculated with the aid of HPLC-spectrophotometry did not compensate for 100% of the CUPRAC total capacities, because all flavonoid glycosides subjected to hydrolysis were either not detectable with HPLC, or not converted to the corresponding aglycons (i.e., easily detectable and quantifiable with HPLC) during the hydrolysis step.

  4. [Development of novel fluorescence-derivatization-HPLC methods enabling highly sensitive and selective analysis of biological compounds].

    PubMed

    Todoroki, Kenichiro

    2011-01-01

    Fluorescence-derivatization-HPLC methods are powerful tools for performing the analysis of bioactive compounds with high sensitivity and selectivity. In this paper, the author reviews the development of the following four types of novel fluorescence-derivatization-HPLC analytical systems: (1) simultaneous HPLC analysis of melatonin and its related compounds through post-column electrochemical demethylation and fluorescence derivatization, (2) HPLC analysis of 5-hydroxyindoles based on fluorescence derivatization by online pre-column photocatalytic oxidation with benzylamine, (3) reagent peak-free HPLC analysis for aliphatic amines and amino acids using F-trap pyrene as a fluorous tag-bound fluorescence derivatization reagent, and (4) reagent peak-free HPLC analysis for carboxylic acids using a fluorous scavenging-derivatization method. The authors have also successfully applied these systems to biological and pharmaceutical analyses.

  5. Towards interference free HPLC-SERS for the trace analysis of drug metabolites in biological fluids.

    PubMed

    Hassanain, Waleed A; Izake, Emad L; Sivanesan, Arumugam; Ayoko, Godwin A

    2017-03-20

    Sofosbuvir metabolite, 2'-deoxy-2'-fluoro-2'-C-methyluridine (PSI-6206) was studied for the first time by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) using the paper-based SERS substrate. The quantification limit of PSI-6206 by SERS was found to be 13ngL(-1) (R(2) value=0.959, RSD=5.23%). For the structural and quantitative analysis of PSI-6206 in blood plasma, an interference-free HPLC-SERS method was developed and compared to HPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS methods. The SERS quantification of the drug by the paper substrate was 4 orders of magnitude more sensitive than that by the diode array detector. In addition, the SERS detection provided unique structural identification of the drug in blood plasma, similar to Mass spectroscopy detector. Due to the disposable nature of the SERS substrate, the new method does not suffer from the known "memory effect" which is known to lead to false positive identification in traditional HPLC-SERS methods. Therefore, the presented HPLC-paper SERS platform holds great potential for the sensitive and cost effective determination of drugs and their metabolites in biological fluids.

  6. Quantification and comparison of extraction methods for alkaloids in Aegle marmelos leaves by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Karmase, Aniket; Prasanna, K; Rasabattula, Sruti; Bhutani, Kamlesh K

    2014-07-01

    The leaves of Aegle marmelos are reported to contain multi-bioactive classes of compounds including coumarins, furanocoumarins and alkaloids. HPLC analysis of the crude extract was challenging due to low concentrations of the compounds in the leaves. Five compounds visible in the HPLC chromatogram were separated and identified by HPLC and further elaborated for quantification as marker compounds of A. marmelos leaves using a C18 column with detection at 275 nm. A gradient mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water was used. The developed HPLC method showed good linearity (r2 > 0.994), high precision (RSD<5%), and good recovery (99.27-99.98%) of the compounds. The lowest detection limit was 5 ng and the method was found to be robust. All the validation parameters were within the permissible limits. Therefore, the developed method is accurate and reliable for the quality control of A. marmelos. This is the first report of extensive quantitative HPLC analysis of marker compounds in A. marmelos leaves and method validation.

  7. [Determination of ethychlozate and its degradation product in fruits by HPLC and LC/MS].

    PubMed

    Takatsuki, Satoshi; Nemoto, Satoru; Sasaki, Kumiko; Toyoda, Masatake

    2002-02-01

    A method was developed for the analysis of ethychlozate (CIE) and its decomposition compound, 5-chloro-3(1H)-indazolylacetic acid (CIA) in fruits by HPLC and LC/MS. The sample was homogenized with 1 mol/L HC1, and CIE and CIA were extracted with 5 mol/L HCl and acetone. They were extracted from the acetone extract with diethylether-n-hexane (2:1). CIE was hydrolyzed to CIA with methanol-4 mol/L KOH (1:1). The solution was made acidic, and CIA was extracted with diethylether-n-hexane (2:1). The extract was cleaned up on a silica gel column. CIA was determined by HPLC-UV and LC/MS (Scan or SIR). Four fruits were spiked with CIE or CIA at 0.5 microgram/g and analyzed by the proposed method with HPLC. The average recoveries were 77.2-83.2% for CIE and 71.2-89.2% for CIA. The concentrations determined by LC/MS were 10-25% higher than the values by HPLC. The limit of detection (LOD) of CIA standard solution by HPLC corresponds to 0.015 microgram/g of CIE in the sample. In the same way, the LOD of CIA by LC/MS (SIR) corresponds to 0.009 microgram/g of CIE in the sample.

  8. Improved Method for HPLC Analysis of Polyamines, Agmatine and Aromatic Monoamines in Plant Tissue

    PubMed Central

    Slocum, Robert D.; Flores, Hector E.; Galston, Arthur W.; Weinstein, Leonard H.

    1989-01-01

    The high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method of Flores and Galston (1982 Plant Physiol 69: 701) for the separation and quantitation of benzoylated polyamines in plant tissues has been widely adopted by other workers. However, due to previously unrecognized problems associated with the derivatization of agmatine, this important intermediate in plant polyamine metabolism cannot be quantitated using this method. Also, two polyamines, putrescine and diaminopropane, also are not well resolved using this method. A simple modification of the original HPLC procedure greatly improves the separation and quantitation of these amines, and further allows the simulation analysis of phenethylamine and tyramine, which are major monoamine constituents of tobacco and other plant tissues. We have used this modified HPLC method to characterize amine titers in suspension cultured carrot (Daucus carota L.) cells and tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) leaf tissues. Images Figure 4 Figure 5 PMID:11537449

  9. Chemical fingerprint analysis for quality control and identification of Ziyang green tea by HPLC.

    PubMed

    He, Xiaoye; Li, Jianke; Zhao, Wei; Liu, Run; Zhang, Lin; Kong, Xianghong

    2015-03-15

    A simple and reliable HPLC fingerprint method was developed and validated for the quality control and identification of Ziyang green tea. Ten batches of Ziyang green tea collected from different plantations in Shaanxi Ziyang of China were used to establish the fingerprint. The feasibility and advantages of the used HPLC fingerprint were verified for its similarity evaluation by systematically comparing chromatograms with professional analytical software recommended by State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) of China. The similarities of the fingerprints of 10 batches of tea samples were all more than 0.981. Additionally, simultaneous quantification of 10 major bioactive ingredients in the tea samples was conducted to interpret the consistency of the quality test. The results indicated that the HPLC fingerprint as a characteristic distinguishing method combining similarity evaluation and quantification analysis can be successfully used to assess the quality and to identify the authenticity of Ziyang green tea.

  10. Improved method for HPLC analysis of polyamines, agmatine and aromatic monoamines in plant tissue

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Slocum, R. D.; Flores, H. E.; Galston, A. W.; Weinstein, L. H.

    1989-01-01

    The high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method of Flores and Galston (1982 Plant Physiol 69: 701) for the separation and quantitation of benzoylated polyamines in plant tissues has been widely adopted by other workers. However, due to previously unrecognized problems associated with the derivatization of agmatine, this important intermediate in plant polyamine metabolism cannot be quantitated using this method. Also, two polyamines, putrescine and diaminopropane, also are not well resolved using this method. A simple modification of the original HPLC procedure greatly improves the separation and quantitation of these amines, and further allows the simulation analysis of phenethylamine and tyramine, which are major monoamine constituents of tobacco and other plant tissues. We have used this modified HPLC method to characterize amine titers in suspension cultured carrot (Daucas carota L.) cells and tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) leaf tissues.

  11. Novel assay of antibacterial components in manuka honey using lucigenin-chemiluminescence-HPLC.

    PubMed

    Karasawa, Koji; Haraya, Shiomi; Okubo, Sachie; Arakawa, Hidetoshi

    2017-02-15

    Five components (hydrogen peroxide, methylglyoxal, dihydroxyacetone, fructose and glucose) of New Zealand manuka honey (Leptospermum scoparium) were analyzed using lucigenin chemiluminescence high-performance liquid chromatography (lucigenin-CL-HPLC). We focused on active oxygen species produced from the components in order to easily detect these five components contained in manuka honey. H2O2 and O2(-) generated from these components were identified by lucigenin-CL and electron spin resonance (ESR), and the bactericidal effect of ROS was confirmed using E. coli. The previously reported assays for Manuka honey components have low specificities and require complicated preprocessing methods. As our results, the detection and identification of these components were possible within 30 min in lucigenin-CL-HPLC system, without any special treatment. It is considered that lucigenin-CL-HPLC is useful for the quality control and the analysis of various honey.

  12. Determination of diarylheptanoids from Alpinia officinarum (Lesser Galangal) by HPLC with photodiode array and electrochemical detection.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhihua; Sang, Shengmin; Hartman, Thomas G; Ho, Chi-Tang; Rosen, Robert T

    2005-01-01

    Normal-phase column chromatography followed by semi-preparative reversed-phase HPLC has been used to isolate, from the rhizomes of Alpinia officinarum, five diarylheptanoids identified as 5-hydroxy-7-(4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone, 5-methoxy-7-(4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone, 7-(4"-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenylhept-4-en-3-one, 7-(4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-hept-4-en-3-one, 1,7-diphenylhept-4-en-3-one. The levels of these five diarylheptanoids in root material were determined quantitatively by HPLC with UV detection and the assay methods so developed were simple, rapid and accurate. Four of the diarylheptanoids could also be detected by HPLC with electrochemical detection (ECD) in the oxidative mode, and ECD was found to have a higher sensitivity than photodiode array detection.

  13. Monitoring of monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, ethanol and glycerol during wort fermentation by biosensors, HPLC and spectrophotometry.

    PubMed

    Monošík, Rastislav; Magdolen, Peter; Stredanský, Miroslav; Šturdík, Ernest

    2013-05-01

    The aim of the present study was to analyze sugar levels (namely maltose, maltotriose, glucose and fructose) and alcohols (ethanol and glycerol) during the fermentation process in wort samples by amperometric enzymatic biosensors developed by our research group for industrial application, HPLC and spectrophotometry, and to compare the suitability of the presented methods for determination of individual analytes. We can conclude that for the specific monitoring of maltose or maltotriose only the HPLC method was suitable. On the other hand, biosensors and spectrophotometry reflected a decrease in total sugar concentration better and were able to detect both glucose and fructose in the later stages of fermentation, while HPLC was not. This can be attributed to the low detection limits and good sensitivity of the proposed methods. For the ethanol and glycerol analysis all methods proved to be suitable. However, concerning the cost expenses and time analysis, biosensors represented the best option.

  14. Enantioselective isolation of methyl jasmonate using permethyl-beta-cyclodextrin HPLC.

    PubMed

    Blanch, Gracia Patricia; Flores, Gema; Del Mar Caja, Maria; Ruiz Del Castillo, Maria Luisa

    2009-01-01

    A method based on the use of HPLC for the enantioselective resolution of the four stereoisomers of methyl jasmonate (MJ) with no need for the previous formation of the diastereoisomers is developed. To that end, a Nucleodex-beta-PM column as well as an optimization process considering different flow rates and mobile phase compositions were required. As a result, 0.8 mL/min and 55:45 methanol/water composition were the conditions selected to carry out the separation of the stereoisomers. Isolation of pure (-)- and (+)-MJ was accomplished by collecting the HPLC fractions corresponding to their elution time. SPE was subsequently used to concentrate and change the solvent of the HPLC fractions collected. Chiral GC and polarimetry were additionally employed to evaluate the purity and optical rotation, respectively, of the enantiomers separated. The results found in this study are particularly relevant considering that MJ stereoisomers are not commercially available.

  15. A uHPLC-MS mathematical modeling approach to dry powder inhaler single agglomerate analysis.

    PubMed

    Pennington, Justin; Lena, John; Medendorp, Joseph; Ewing, Gary

    2011-10-01

    Demonstration of content uniformity (CU) is critical toward the successful development of dry powder inhalers (DPIs). Methods for unit dose CU determination for DPI products are well-established within the field of respiratory science. Recent advances in the area include a uHPLC-MS method for high-throughput uniformity analysis, which allows for a greater understanding of blending operations as the industry transitions to a quality-by-design approach to development. Further enhancements to this uHPLC-MS method now enable it to determine CU and sample weight at the single agglomerate level, which is roughly 50× smaller than a unit dose. When coupled with optical microscopy-based agglomerate sizing, the enhanced uHPLC-MS method can also predict the density and porosity of individual agglomerates. Expanding analytical capabilities to the single agglomerate level provides greater insights and confidence in the DPI manufacturing process.

  16. Spectrum of Hemoglobinopathies in West Bengal, India: A CE-HPLC Study on 10407 Subjects.

    PubMed

    Mukhopadhyay, Debasis; Saha, Kaushik; Sengupta, Moumita; Mitra, Sumit; Datta, Chhanda; Mitra, Pradip Kumar

    2015-03-01

    Hemoglobinopathies are common genetic disorders of haemoglobin. Identification of these disorders is immensely important epidemiologically and they can be prevented by population screening. The present study was carried out to evaluate the spectrum of hemoglobinopathies in the state of West Bengal by the cation-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography (CE-HPLC). A retrospective, single-center, cross-sectional study was conducted on consecutive 10,407 participants. Out of 10,407 subjects, 8,898 (85.5 %) were diagnosed as normal, 579 (5.6 %) were as β-thalassemia trait (BTT) and 522 (5.0 %) were detected as HbE carrier on HPLC study. Apart from BTT and HbE carrier ten additional variants were encountered. The present study showed that CE-HPLC is a convenient, high-throughput, labour-saving and objective screening tool for early detection and management of hemoglobinopathies.

  17. Nonanthocyanin secondary metabolites of black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis L.) fruits: identification by HPLC-DAD, NMR, HPLC-ESI-MS, and ESI-MS/MS analyses.

    PubMed

    Paudel, Liladhar; Wyzgoski, Faith J; Scheerens, Joseph C; Chanon, Ann M; Reese, R Neil; Smiljanic, Danijela; Wesdemiotis, Chrys; Blakeslee, Joshua J; Riedl, Kenneth M; Rinaldi, Peter L

    2013-12-11

    Nonanthocyanin secondary metabolites potentially contributing to the antiproliferative bioactivity of black raspberry ( Rubus occidentalis L.) fruits were extracted in ethyl acetate and isolated by semipreparative and analytical HPLC and analyzed by NMR, HPLC-ESI-MS, and ESI-MS/MS techniques. Here we present complete and partial structures of a variety of the chemical entities such as quercetin 3-glucoside, quercetin 3-rutinoside, myricetin glucoside, dihydrokaempferol glucoside, benzoic acid β-d-glucopyranosyl ester, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, epicatechin, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, p-coumaryl glucoside, p-coumaryl sugar ester, ellagic acid, methyl ellagic acid acetylpentose, methyl ellagic acid valerylpentose, trans-piceid, phloretin glucoside (phloridzin), dihydrosinapic acid, salicylic acid β-d-glucopyranosyl ester, a salicylic acid derivative without attached sugar, p-alkylphenyl glucoside, and a citric acid derivative. To our knowledge, 15 of these compounds were not previously reported in black raspberry fruits.

  18. [Identification of seeds of Cuscuta australis and C. chinensis by TLC and HPLC].

    PubMed

    Ye, M; Zhou, P; Yan, Y; Li, Y; Liu, H

    2001-02-01

    Identification of seeds of Cuscuta australis R. Br. and C. chinensis Lam. was carried out by TLC and HPLC. Polyamide membrane was used as stationary phase, MeOH-HOAc-H2O and CHCl3-MeOH-HOAc were used as mobile phase for TLC. For HPLC, Hypersil-ODS column was used; the mobile phase was MeOH-0.025 M H3PO4; the flow rate was 1.0 ml.min-1; detection wavelength was 360 nm; and column temperature was 40 degrees C. Both methods represented significant identification characteristics, and were simple, accurate and reproducible.

  19. Pharmacokinetic study of arctigenin in rat plasma and organ tissue by RP-HPLC method.

    PubMed

    He, Fan; Dou, De-Qiang; Hou, Qiang; Sun, Yu; Kang, Ting-Guo

    2013-01-01

    A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique was developed for the determination of arctigenin in plasma and various organs of rats after the oral administration of 30, 50 and 70 mgkg(-1) of arctigenin to the Sprague-Dawley rats. Results showed that the validated HPLC method was simple, fast, reproducible and suitable to the determination of arctigenin in rat plasma and organ tissue and one-compartmental model with zero-order absorption process can well describe the changes of arctigenin concentration in the plasma. The concentration of compound was highest in the spleen, less in the liver and the least in the lung.

  20. [Analysis of components in natural food additive "grapefruit seed extract" by HPLC and LC/MS].

    PubMed

    Sakamoto, S; Sato, K; Maitani, T; Yamada, T

    1996-01-01

    The components in a commercial natural food additive "Grapefruit seed extract" and the ethanol extract of grapefruit seeds were analyzed by HPLC and LC/MS. The HPLC chromatogram of the commercial grapefruit seed extract was quite different from that of the ethanol extract of grapefruit seeds. Three main peaks were observed in the chromatogram of the commercial grapefruit seed extract. By comparison of the retention times and the absorption spectra with those of authentic samples, two peaks were ascribed to methyl-p-hydroxybenzoate and 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenylether (triclosan). Triclosan was also identified by LC/MS by using the negative electrospray ionization method.

  1. A thin film degradation study of a fluorinated polyether liquid lubricant using an HPLC method

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morales, W.

    1986-01-01

    A High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) separation method was developed to study and analyze a fluorinated polyether fluid which is promising liquid lubricant for future applications. This HPLC separation method was used in a preliminary study investigating the catalytic effect of various metal, metal alloy, and ceramic engineering materials on the degradation of this fluid in a dry air atmosphere at 345 C. Using a 440 C stainless steel as a reference catalytic material it was found that a titanium alloy and a chromium plated material degraded the fluorinated polyether fluid substantially more than the reference material.

  2. The removal of Cremophor EL from paclitaxel for quantitative analysis by HPLC-UV.

    PubMed

    Perdue, James D; Seaton, Pamela J; Tyrell, John A; DeVido, Daniel R

    2006-04-11

    A novel method for analysis of hydrophobic drug molecules in matrices that contain Cremophor EL (CrEL) is presented. The method utilized a precipitation technique involving mercuric chloride in a reaction with CrEL to form an insoluble complex in an ethanol matrix. The hydrophobic drug molecule was then analyzed by HPLC-UV without interference from CrEL. Nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopy indicated that the mechanism of precipitation involves the reaction of mercuric chloride with the ether bond of CrEL. Analysis by HPLC with UV detection of paclitaxel and related substances was used to verify that the reaction is specific toward CrEL.

  3. Efficient application of monolithic silica column to determination of illicit heroin street sample by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Macchia, Marco; Bertini, Simone; Mori, Claudio; Orlando, Caterina; Papi, Chiara; Placanica, Giorgio

    2004-03-01

    In this paper, an HPLC method is proposed for a routine, rapid and simple analysis of heroin samples confiscated from the illicit market, based on a new type of packing for HPLC columns (monolithic silica). Acetonitrile and pH 3.5 phosphate buffer solution were used under both isocratic and gradient conditions. Under our analytical conditions, all the components of a typical mixture of an illicit heroin sample proved to be fully separated into well-resolved peaks in 7 min. Analytical linearity and accuracy of the method were also studied for all analytes using tetracaine hydrochloride as the internal standard.

  4. Combined HPLC-MS and HPLC-NMR on-line coupling for the separation and determination of lutein and zeaxanthin stereoisomers in spinach and in retina.

    PubMed

    Dachtler, M; Glaser, T; Kohler, K; Albert, K

    2001-02-01

    The determination and unambiguous identification of carotenoid stereoisomers from biological tissues, avoiding isomerization and oxidation due to the extraction process, is still a major challenge. Particularly, the analysis of lutein and zeaxanthin stereoisomers is of great importance, as these are the main constituents of the macula lutea, the central part of the human retina, and act as possible agents in the prevention and treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). By combining a mild and quick extraction technique such as matrix solid-phase dispersion together with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the extremely light and oxygen sensitive lutein and zeaxanthin stereoisomers are extracted, enriched, and separated directly from the solid plant or tissue samples, excluding preparation of artifacts. HPLC separations are performed with C30 phases due to their enhanced shape selectivity compared to C18 phases and on-line coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. By using HPLC-MS with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization, the lutein stereoisomers can be distinguished from the zeaxanthin stereoisomers within one chromatographic run in the upper picogram range, whereas HPLC-NMR coupling allows the unequivocal identification of each stereoisomer with a concentration in the upper nanogram range. This article provides an analytical method for the artifact-free determination of lutein and zeaxanthin stereoisomers directly from the solid biological tissue spinach as a source of carotenoids and retina as the sphere of activity for AMD. In addition, the structures of these stereoisomers were unambiguously elucidated by employing hyphenated analytical techniques.

  5. The chiral bioconversion and preclinical pharmacokinetic analysis of (R)-(+)-rabeprazole in beagle dogs by HPLC and HPLC-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Gao, Yan-hui; Xu, Jia-xing; Su, Zhong-xue; Song, Li; Lou, Hong-xiang

    2013-11-01

    In order to accurately investigate the preclinical pharmacokinetics of (R)-(+)-rabeprazole sodium injection, a reliable high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed using a Chiral-AGP column to prove that there is no chiral bioconversion of (R)-(+)-rabeprazole to (S)-(-)-rabeprazole in beagle dogs after single intravenous administration of (R)-(+)-rabeprazole sodium injection. An HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method for analysis of (R)-(+)-rabeprazole was developed and validated, and used to acquire the pharmacokinetic parameters in beagle dogs. (R)-(+)-Rabeprazole and internal standard omeprazole were extracted from plasma samples by protein precipitation and separated on a C18 column using methanol-5 mm ammonium acetate as mobile phase. Detection was performed using a turbo-spray ionization source and mass spectrometric positive multi-reaction monitoring mode. The linear relationship was achieved in the range from 2.5 to 5000 ng/mL. The method also afforded satisfactory results in terms of sensitivity, specificity, precision, accuracy and recovery as well as the stability of the analyte under various conditions, and was successfully applied to a preclinical pharmacokinetic study in beagle dogs after single intravenous administrations of (R)-(+)-rabeprazole sodium injection at 0.33, 2 and 6 mg/kg.

  6. HPLC and HPLC/MS/MS Studies on Stress, Accelerated and Intermediate Degradation Tests of Antivirally Active Tricyclic Analog of Acyclovir.

    PubMed

    Lesniewska, Monika A; Dereziński, Paweł; Klupczyńska, Agnieszka; Kokot, Zenon J; Ostrowski, Tomasz; Zeidler, Joanna; Muszalska, Izabela

    2015-01-01

    The degradation behavior of a tricyclic analog of acyclovir [6-(4-MeOPh)-TACV] was determined in accordance with International Conference on Harmonization guidelines for good clinical practice under different stress conditions (neutral hydrolysis, strong acid/base degradation, oxidative decomposition, photodegradation, and thermal degradation). Accelerated [40±2°C/75%±5% relative humidity (RH)] and intermediate (30±2°C/65%±5% RH) stability tests were also performed. For observation of the degradation of the tested compound the RP-HPLC was used, whereas for the analysis of its degradation products HPLC/MS/MS was used. Degradation of the tested substance allowed its classification as unstable in neutral environment, acidic/alkaline medium, and in the presence of oxidizing agent. The tested compound was also light sensitive and was classified as photolabile both in solution and in the solid phase. However, the observed photodegradation in the solid phase was at a much lower level than in the case of photodegradation in solution. The study showed that both air temperature and RH had no significant effect on the stability of the tested substance during storage for 1 month at 100°C (dry heat) as well as during accelerated and intermediate tests. Based on the HPLC/MS/MS analysis, it can be concluded that acyclovir was formed as a degradation product of 6-(4-MeOPh)-TACV.

  7. Screening and Analysis of the Potential Bioactive Components of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf by HPLC and HPLC-MS(n) with the Aid of Chemometrics.

    PubMed

    Wu, Ling-Fang; Wang, Kun-Feng; Mao, Xin; Liang, Wen-Yi; Chen, Wen-Jing; Li, Shi; Qi, Qi; Cui, Ya-Ping; Zhang, Lan-Zhen

    2016-02-18

    The aim of the present study was to establish a new method based on Similarity Analysis (SA), Cluster Analysis (CA) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to determine the quality of different samples of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf obtained from Yunnan, Hubei, Guizhou, Fujian, Henan, Guangxi, Anhui and Sichuan in China. For this purpose 15 samples from the different habitats were analyzed by HPLC-PAD and HPLC-MS(n). Twenty-three compounds were detected by HPLC-MS(n), of which twenty compounds were tentatively identified by comparing their retention times and mass spectrometry data with that of reference compounds and reviewing the literature. The characteristic fragmentations were summarized. 3-epi-Dehydrotumulosic acid (F13), 3-oxo-16α,25-dihydroxylanosta-7,9(11),24(31)-trien-21-oic acid (F4), 3-oxo-6,16α-dihydroxylanosta-7,9(11),24(31)-trien-21-oic acid (F7) and dehydropachymic acid (F15) were deemed to be suitable marker compounds to distinguish between samples of different quality according to CA and PCA. This study provides helpful chemical information for further anti-tumor activity and active mechanism research on P. cocos. The results proved that fingerprint combined with a chemometric approach is a simple, rapid and effective method for the quality discrimination of P. cocos.

  8. Analysis of nitroguanidine in Aqueous Solutions by HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromatography) with electrochemical Detection and Voltammetry

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-01

    The nitroguanidine was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical detection at a hanging miercury drop electrode...previously reported on the application of solid sorbent collection techniques to the analysis of several explosives in water by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC

  9. Determination of 5-Bromo-2’-Deoxyuridine (BrdU) in Well Water by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-09-01

    HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC...Securrty Classification) Determination of 5-Bromo-2’-Deoxyuridine (BrdU) in Well Water by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (hPLC) 12. PERSONAL...PLOT OF BrdU STABILITY VERSUS TIME ....................... 10 ii DETERMINATION OF 5-BROMO-2’-DEOXY-URIDINE (BrdU) IN WELL WATER BY HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY

  10. Competitive Nitration of Benzene-Fluorobenzene and Benzene-Toluene Mixtures: Orientation and Reactivity Studies Using HPLC

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankespoor, Ronald L.; Hogendoorn, Stephanie; Pearson, Andrea

    2007-01-01

    The reactivity and orientation effects of a substituent are analyzed by using HPLC to determine the competitive nitration of the benzene-toluene and benzene-fluorobenzene mixtures. The results have shown that HPLC is an excellent instrumental method to use in analyzing these mixtures.

  11. Quantification of the molecular species of diacylglycerols,triacylglycerols and tetraacylglycerols in lesquerella (Physaria fendleri) oil by HPLC and MS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Ten diacylglycerols (DAG), 74 triacylglycerols (TAG) and 13 tetraacylglycerols in the seed oil of Physaria fendleri were recently identified by HPLC and MS. These acylglycerols (AG) were quantified by HPLC with evaporative light scattering detector and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of th...

  12. HPLC method to characterize cyanogen bromide collagen fractions containing pyridinoline groups.

    PubMed

    Bruno, R; Mazza, R; Calafiori, A R; Covello, C; Falbo, L; Martino, G; Marotta, M

    1997-01-01

    The HPLC method here described allows to separate CNBr collagen peptides within 2.5 h by reversed phase and gradient elution. The method is useful to determine both peptide bond and pyridinoline groups by absorbance spectophotometry. The fractions can be recovered and then submitted to other characterization techniques.

  13. The Mysterious Death: An HPLC Lab Experiment. An Undergraduate Forensic Lab

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beussman, Douglas J.

    2007-01-01

    A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) laboratory experiment based on the separation of four prescription drugs (disopyramide, lidocaine, procainamide, and quinidine) is presented. The experiment is set within the forensic science context of the discovery of a patient's mysterious death where a drug overdose is suspected. Each lab group…

  14. Lab-chip HPLC with integrated droplet-based microfluidics for separation and high frequency compartmentalisation.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jin-Young; Cho, Soong-Won; Kang, Dong-Ku; Edel, Joshua B; Chang, Soo-Ik; deMello, Andrew J; O'Hare, Danny

    2012-09-21

    We demonstrate the integration of a droplet-based microfluidic device with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in a monolithic format. Sequential operations of separation, compartmentalisation and concentration counter were conducted on a monolithic chip. This describes the use of droplet-based microfluidics for the preservation of chromatographic separations, and its potential application as a high frequency fraction collector.

  15. HPLC study of oxidation products of hydroethidine in chemical and biological systems: Ramifications in superoxide measurements

    PubMed Central

    Zielonka, Jacek; Hardy, Micael; Kalyanaraman, B.

    2012-01-01

    Methods for detection and quantitation of hydroethidine (HE) and its oxidation products by HPLC analysis are described. Synthetic methods for preparations of authentic standards (2-hydroxyethidium and diethidium) are provided. Potential applications of the HPLC methods to chemical and biological systems are discussed. Specific examples of chromatograms obtained using UV-Vis absorption, fluorescence, electrochemical and mass spectrometry detectors are provided. The development of a dual electrochemical and fluorescence detection methodology and its applications are described. The HPLC-based method enables analyses of HE and its oxidation products such as ethidium and the dimeric products of HE. Ramifications of HPLC measurements of HE and its oxidation products in the detection and quantitation of 2-hydroxyethidium, the diagnostic marker product of superoxide and HE, in the intracellular milieu are discussed. Similarly, mitochondria-targeted HE conjugated to a triphenylphosphonium group (Mito-HE or Mito-SOX) also forms oxidation products (dimers of Mito-HE and Mito-E+) that can affect the detection and quantitation of 2-hydroxy-mito-ethidium, the diagnostic marker product of Mito-HE and superoxide in mitochondria. PMID:19026738

  16. Determination of Trace Level Triclosan in Water by Online Preconcentration and HPLC-UV Diode Array

    EPA Science Inventory

    An online high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the detection and quantification of trace levels of triclosan in water is discussed. Triclosan, an anti-bacterial agent, and related compounds have been shown to reach municipal waste waters through the disposal ...

  17. Extraction and Purification of Glucoraphanin by Preparative High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Iris; Boyce, Mary C.

    2011-01-01

    A student activity that focuses on the isolation of glucoraphanin from broccoli using preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is presented here. Glucoraphanin is a glucosinolate, whose byproducts are known to possess anticancer properties. It is present naturally at high levels in broccoli and other "Brassica" vegetables. This…

  18. Melanin determination by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for K. marxianus

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Ultraviolet light (UV) mutated K. marxianus was found to turn dark brown during a growth assay. This brown color was hypothesized to be melanin overproduction influenced by the UV exposure. Cell cultures were oxidized and HPLC analyzed to determine melanin concentrations. The resulting melanin con...

  19. Simultaneous analysis of 17 diuretics in dietary supplements by HPLC and LC-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Woo, H; Kim, J W; Han, K M; Lee, J H; Hwang, I S; Lee, J H; Kim, J; Kweon, S J; Cho, S; Chae, K R; Han, S Y; Kim, J

    2013-01-01

    In order to test health foods for illegally added diuretics for weight loss, we developed simple, rapid, selective, and sensitive methods using HPLC and LC-MS/MS for the simultaneous analysis of 17 diuretics in dietary supplements. HPLC conditions were set with a Capcell-pak C18, using a mobile phase consisting of gradient conditions, UV detection at 254 nm and validated for linearity (r(2)> 0.999), precision (CV ≤ 3%), recoveries (90.4-102.8%) and reproducibility. Identification and quantification of 17 diuretics were accomplished by ion-spray LC-MS/MS using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The chromatographic separation was carried out under the reversed-phase mechanism on an HSS-T3 column. The LC-MS/MS method was validated for linearity (r(2)> 0.99) and precision (CV < 13%). Sixteen dietary supplements were tested with the developed methods. Diuretics were not detected in all samples. Extraction recovery was also investigated and the extraction recoveries in different formulations were from 88% to 110% and from 81% to 116% using HPLC and LC-MS/MS, respectively. There was no significant difference in recoveries in the type of dietary supplements. Based on this result, the developed methods to monitor illegal drug adulterations in dietary supplements using HPLC and LC-MS/MS are simple, fast and reliable. Therefore, it is applicable to routine drug-adulteration screening.

  20. A NEW HPLC METHOD FOR SEPARATION OF PHYTOPLANKTON PIGMENTS IN NATURAL SAMPLES

    EPA Science Inventory

    A new high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed to analyze, in a single run, most polar and non-polar chlorophylls and carotenoids from marine phytoplankton. The method is based on a reverse-phase amide C16 (RP-amide C16) column and an elution gradient o...

  1. Using HPLC-Mass Spectrometry to Teach Proteomics Concepts with Problem-Based Techniques

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Short, Michael; Short, Anne; Vankempen, Rachel; Seymour, Michael; Burnatowska-Hledin, Maria

    2010-01-01

    Practical instruction of proteomics concepts was provided using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a mass selective detection system (HPLC-MS) for the analysis of simulated protein digests. The samples were prepared from selected dipeptides in order to facilitate the mass spectral identification. As part of the prelaboratory…

  2. Hyphenation of capillary HPLC to microcoil (1)H NMR spectroscopy for the determination of tocopherol homologues.

    PubMed

    Krucker, Manfred; Lienau, Annette; Putzbach, Karsten; Grynbaum, Marc David; Schuler, Paul; Albert, Klaus

    2004-05-01

    Highly selective reversed phases (C(30) phases) are self-packed in 250 microm inner diameter fused-silica capillaries and employed for capillary HPLC separation of shape-constrained natural compounds (tocopherol homologues, vitamin E). Miniaturized hyphenated systems such as capillary HPLC-ESI-MS (positive ionization mode) and, with special emphasis, continuous-flow capillary HPLC- NMR are used for structural determination of the separated compounds. Despite the small amount of sample available (1.33 microg of each tocopherol), the authors have been able to monitor the capillary HPLC separation under continuous-flow (1)H NMR conditions, thus allowing an immediate peak identification. Further structural assignment was carried out in the stopped-flow NMR mode as shown, for example, by a 2D (1)H,(1)H COSY NMR spectrum of alpha-tocopherol. We demonstrate in this paper the considerable potential of hyphenated capillary separations coupled to MS and NMR for the investigation of restricted amounts of sample.

  3. SEPARATION OF OCTYLPHENOL POLYETHER ALCOHOLS SURFACTANTS BY CAPILLARY COLUMN SFC AND HPLC

    EPA Science Inventory

    Separation of nonionic octylphenol polyether alcohols (OPA) by supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) and HPLC is described. Using a density programming and a 50-μm i.d. capillary column, a total of 18 group oligomers was separated. The effects of the operating parameters, such...

  4. Evaluation of Haemagglutinin Content by RP-HPLC to Generate Pandemic Influenza Vaccine

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Hyunkyung; Roh, Hang Sik; Song, Hyemin; Lee, Kwangmoon; Chung, Seung-Tae; Ban, Sang-ja; Mo, In Pil; An, Beum-Soo; Ahn, Chi-Young

    2016-01-01

    The potency of influenza vaccine is determined based on its hemagglutinin (HA) content. In general, single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) assay has been utilized as the standard method to measure HA content. However, preparation of reagents for SRID such as antigen and antibody takes approximately 2~3 months, which causes delays in the development of influenza vaccine. Therefore, quantification of HA content by other alternative methods is required. In this study, we measured HA contents of H1N1 antigen and H1N1 influenza vaccine by reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) methods. The presence of HA1 and HA2 was investigated by silver staining and Western blot assay. In addition, accuracy and repeatability of HA measurement by RP-HPLC were evaluated. Comparison of HA concentration by SRID and RP-HPLC revealed a precise correlation between the two methods. Our results suggest that RP-HPLC assay can replace SRID in the event of a pandemic flu outbreak for rapid vaccine development. PMID:27818728

  5. Trace level determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in river water with automated pretreatment HPLC.

    PubMed

    Watabe, Yoshiyuki; Kubo, Takuya; Tanigawa, Tetsuya; Hayakawa, Yoshihiro; Otsuka, Koji; Hosoya, Ken

    2013-03-01

    A novel on-line pretreatment pump-injection HPLC system for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is proposed. We report novel pump-injection HPLC-based on-line SPE with a specially designed pretreatment column for the determination of trace amounts of chemical substances in surface water. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are well known for strong carcinogenicity and thus a severe concentration control is required for drinking water and/or river water, which is the main resource of tap water. We found it possible to detect ng/L levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by using pump-injection column switching HPLC with fluorescence detection. To avoid the phenomenon, in which polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons can be often adsorbed on the surface of flow lines of HPLC by their highly hydrophobicity especially resin-made parts in sample delivery pump, we employed "autodilution" device that provides reliable recovery and repeatability. Additionally, real water samples were collected and then the spiked polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were determined at ng/L levels.

  6. PHYTOPLANKTON PIGMENT ANALYSIS BY HPLC FOR ASSESSING COMMUNITY COMPOSITION IN THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES

    EPA Science Inventory

    A technique to rapidly assess phytoplankton dynamics is being evaluated for its utility in the Great Lakes. Comparison to traditional microscopic techniques and to more recent in-situ FluoroProbe technology will allow us to determine if HPLC pigment analysis can provide unique a...

  7. A SIMPLE HPLC METHOD FOR DETECTING CARBARYL AND 1-NAPHTHOL IN BIOLOGICAL TISSUES.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Carbamates are a class of pesticide used in both agricultural and residential applications. A simple HPLC method for detecting Carb and its metabolite 1-naphthol (Naph) in tissues was developed to try to correlate tissue levels of carbaryl (Carb) (a prototypical carbamate) with c...

  8. [New cardioactive drugs II, detection and isolation of cardiotonic amines with ionpair-HPLC].

    PubMed

    Wagner, H; Grevel, J

    1982-01-01

    An ionpair-HPLC-technic using a reversed-phase column was developed to screen plant extracts for cardiotonic amines and to isolate them in a preparative scale for direct MS and pharmacological investigations. By this method the positive inotropic tyramine could be isolated from Selenicereus grandiflorus (L.) Britt et Rose (Cactus grandiflorus).

  9. [Identification and quantitative determination of baclofen in human blood by HPLC with mass spectrometry detection].

    PubMed

    Dukova, O A; Kotlovsky, M Yu; Pokrovsky, A A; Suvorova, E V; Shivrina, T G; Krasnov, E A; Efremov, A A

    2016-03-01

    A method of identification and quantitative determination of baclofen in blood by HPLC with mass spectrometry detection has been developed. It is characterized by high sensitivity, specificity, linearity, accuracy, reproducibility, and a low detection for quantitative determination. The method has been used for diagnostics of acute baclofen poisoning in patients.

  10. Retention of [(18)F]fluoride on reversed phase HPLC columns.

    PubMed

    Ory, Dieter; Van den Brande, Jeroen; de Groot, Tjibbe; Serdons, Kim; Bex, Marva; Declercq, Lieven; Cleeren, Frederik; Ooms, Maarten; Van Laere, Koen; Verbruggen, Alfons; Bormans, Guy

    2015-01-01

    As [(18)F]fluoride is a starting reagent in the radiosynthesis of most fluorine-18 labeled positron emission tomography (PET) tracers, its chromatographic behavior on reversed phase (RP) HPLC columns is important for the purification performance and accuracy of RP HPLC quality control methods. We have investigated the chromatographic behavior and recovery of [(18)F]fluoride as a function of the type and brand of RP HPLC column, the pH and the composition of the mobile phase. Elution and elution profile of [(18)F]fluoride from six RP-HPLC columns (Waters XBridge C18 3 mm × 100 mm 3.5 μm; Grace Platinum EPS C18 4.6 mm × 100 mm, 3 μm; Waters XTerra C18 4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm; Phenomenex C18 4.6 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm; Hamilton PRP-1 column 4.1 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm; Merck KGaA Chromolith Performance C18 3 mm × 100 mm) eluted with mobile phase composed of phosphate or acetate buffers (pH 2, 3, 4, 5, 7.3 and 9) and acetonitrile or ethanol as organic modifier were characterized. The elution profile was determined by on-line radioactivity measurement in the column eluate and recovery was calculated by comparison of radioactivity eluted with the HPLC column present or absent in the chromatographic flow path. Interestingly, [(18)F]fluoride recovery increased with increasing pH. At pH 3 all packed silica-based columns showed significant retention of fluorine-18, whereas almost no retention was observed on a polymeric PRP-1 column. However at pH 5, [(18)F]fluoride recovery was above 90% for each tested column. In addition, small differences were observed when changing the composition of the mobile phase. We therefore recommend to use a mobile phase with pH > 5 for silica based C18 columns for both quality control and semi-preparative HPLC of fluorine-18 labeled PET radiopharmaceuticals. If required a lower pH can be used in combination with a polymer based HPLC column.

  11. Validation of creatinine assays utilizing HPLC and IDMS traceable standards in sera of children.

    PubMed

    Schwartz, George J; Kwong, Tai; Erway, Brian; Warady, Bradley; Sokoll, Lori; Hellerstein, Stanley; Dharnidharka, Vikas; Furth, Susan; Muñoz, Alvaro

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to validate serum creatinine (SCr) concentrations assayed in the Central Biochemistry Laboratory of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) study utilizing an enzymatic assay (Siemens Advia 2400) against a method traceable to reference isotope dilution mass spectroscopy (IDMS) developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) measured SCr after external validation utilizing IDMS-based standard reference materials. Sera from the first 201 subjects enrolled in CKiD were analyzed and compared for creatinine concentration by enzymatic and HPLC methods. Fifty "normal" pediatric sera were subsequently analyzed. Finally, a "pediatric" reference standard was prepared and examined for accuracy and precision. Enzymatic SCr concentrations (median 1.4 mg/dl) of CKiD subjects were well correlated with HPLC (r = 0.984) but were slightly higher (+7%; p < 0.001). Agreement was poorer at lower SCr (median 0.4 mg/dl) when using samples from normal children and the "pediatric" reference standard. However, the Roche enzymatic assay was comparable with HPLC in accuracy and precision. Referring physicians should be aware of the accuracy and reproducibility of their laboratory's SCr assay. Our enzymatic assay agreed well with HPLC in CKiD subjects with elevated SCr. We suggest that NIST develop a pediatric SCr standard reference material for use by assay manufacturers to improve accuracy and precision of assays at the low SCr levels observed in most pediatric patients.

  12. Chemical fingerprint and metabolic profile analysis of Citrus reticulate 'Chachi' decoction by HPLC-PDA-IT-MS(n) and HPLC-Quadrupole-Orbitrap-MS method.

    PubMed

    Ye, Xiaolan; Cao, Di; Zhao, Xin; Song, Fenyun; Huang, Qinghua; Fan, Guorong; Wu, Fuhai

    2014-11-01

    A method incorporating HPLC-PDA-IT-MS(n) with HPLC-Quadrupole-Orbitrap-MS was developed for the investigation of chemical fingerprint of Citrus reticulate 'Chachi' decoction (CRCD) and metabolic profile of SD rat plasma sample after oral administration of CRCD (1.5 g herb/kg). A total of 27 chemical constituents of CRCD were identified from their MW, UV spectra, MS(n) data and retention behavior by comparing the results with those of the reference standards or literature. And 43 compounds were detected in dosed SD rat plasma samples, including 9 prototypes which were identified as hesperetin, isosinensetin, sinensetin, tetramethyl-O-isoscutellarein, nobiletin, tetramethyl-O-scutellarein, HMF (3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone), tangeretin and 5-demethylnobiletin and 34 metabolites underwent metabolic process of demethylation, glucuronide conjugation, sulfate conjugation or mixed modes. This is the first research for the metabolic profile of CRCD in SD rats, which could lay a foundation for the further studies of CRC or its formulation.

  13. Measurement of methyl mercury (I) and mercury (II) in fish tissues and sediments by HPLC-ICPMS and HPLC-HGAAS.

    PubMed

    Jagtap, Rajani; Krikowa, Frank; Maher, William; Foster, Simon; Ellwood, Michael

    2011-07-15

    A procedure for the extraction and determination of methyl mercury and mercury (II) in fish muscle tissues and sediment samples is presented. The procedure involves extraction with 5% (v/v) 2-mercaptoethanol, separation and determination of mercury species by HPLC-ICPMS using a Perkin-Elmer 3 μm C8 (33 mm×3 mm) column and a mobile phase 3 containing 0.5% (v/v) 2-mercaptoethanol and 5% (v/v) CH(3)OH (pH 5.5) at a flow rate 1.5 ml min(-1) and a temperature of 25°C. Calibration curves for methyl mercury (I) and mercury (II) standards were linear in the range of 0-100 μgl(-1) (r(2)=0.9990 and r(2)=0.9995 respectively). The lowest measurable mercury was 0.4 μgl(-1) which corresponds to 0.01 μgg(-1) in fish tissues and sediments. Methyl mercury concentrations measured in biological certified reference materials, NRCC DORM - 2 Dogfish muscle (4.4±0.8 μgg(-1)), NRCC Dolt - 3 Dogfish liver (1.55±0.09 μgg(-1)), NIST RM 50 Albacore Tuna (0.89±0.08 μgg(-1)) and IRMM IMEP-20 Tuna fish (3.6±0.6 μgg(-1)) were in agreement with the certified value (4.47±0.32μgg(-1), 1.59±0.12 μgg(-1), 0.87±0.03 μgg(-1), 4.24±0.27 μgg(-1) respectively). For the sediment reference material ERM CC 580, a methyl mercury concentration of 0.070±0.002 μgg(-1) was measured which corresponds to an extraction efficiency of 92±3% of certified values (0.076±0.04 μgg(-1)) but within the range of published values (0.040-0.084 μgg(-1); mean±s.d.: 0.073±0.05 μgg(-1), n=40) for this material. The extraction procedure for the fish tissues was also compared against an enzymatic extraction using Protease type XIV that has been previously published and similar results were obtained. The use of HPLC-HGAAS with a Phenomenox 5 μm Luna C18 (250 mm×4.6 mm) column and a mobile phase containing 0.06 moll(-1) ammonium acetate (Merck Pty Limited, Australia) in 5% (v/v) methanol and 0.1% (w/v) l-cysteine at 25°C was evaluated as a complementary alternative to HPLC-ICPMS for the measurement of

  14. Establishment of HPLC-DAD-MS fingerprint of fresh Houttuynia cordata.

    PubMed

    Meng, Jiang; Leung, Kelvin Sze-Yin; Jiang, Zhihong; Dong, Xiaoping; Zhao, Zhongzhen; Xu, Li-Jia

    2005-12-01

    A HPLC-DAD-MS fingerprint method of fresh Houttuynia cordata THUNB. was developed basing on the consistent chromatographic features among 11 batches of authentic samples. Major chemical components including phenolic compounds, flavones and alkaloids were simultaneously analyzed. Eleven common peaks in the fingerprint were chosen and identified by comparing their UV and ESI-MS data with the authentic compounds. The unique properties of this HPLC-DAD-MS fingerprint were successfully applied to analyze and differentiate samples from different geographical origins, processing methods and various medicinal parts of H. cordata. The results showed that these variations will give rise to differences in identities and/or abundance of chemical compounds, indicating that a comprehensive quality evaluation of those major ingredients in H. cordata is critical to assess and represent its overall quality.

  15. GlycoBase and autoGU: resources for interpreting HPLC-glycan data.

    PubMed

    Campbell, Matthew P; Royle, Lousie; Rudd, Pauline M

    2015-01-01

    The biological relevance of protein glycosylation has made glycomics, the comprehensive study to identify all glycans in an organism, indispensable in many research fields. Determining the structure and functional relationship of glycoproteins requires the comprehensive characterization of glycan structures by a range of analytical methods. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a well-established technology commonly used for the complete structural elucidation of N- and O-linked glycans; however, the analysis of data is a major bottleneck and robust bioinformatic solutions are required. This chapter describes the availability of databases and tools, GlycoBase and autoGU developed in conjunction with the EUROCarbDB initiative, to assist the interpretation of HPLC-glycan data collections.

  16. Effect of oxotremorine, physostigmine, and scopolamine on brain acetylcholine synthesis: a study using HPLC

    SciTech Connect

    Bertrand, N.; Beley, A. )

    1990-11-01

    The synthesis rate of brain acetylcholine (ACh) was estimated in mice following i.v. administration of ({sup 3}H)choline (Ch). The measurements were performed 1 min after the tracer injection, using the ({sup 3}H)ACh/({sup 3}H)Ch specific radioactivity ratio as an index of ACh synthesis rate. Endogenous and labeled Ch and ACh were quantified using HPLC methodology. Oxotremorine and physostigmine (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) increased the steady state concentration of brain ACh by + 130% and 84%, respectively and of Ch by + 60% (oxotremorine); they decreased ACh synthesis by 62 and 55%, respectively. By contrast, scopolamine (0.7 mg/kg, i.p.) decreased the cerebral content of Ch by - 26% and of ACh by - 23% without enhancing the synthesis of ACh. The results show the utility of HPLC methodology in the investigation of ACh turnover.

  17. Determination of triclosan in personal health care products by liquid chromatography (HPLC).

    PubMed

    Piccoli, A; Fiori, J; Andrisano, V; Orioli, M

    2002-05-01

    An isocratic reversed-phase liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method is proposed for the practical and reliable determination of triclosan, an antimicrobic agent incorporated into a variety of personal heath care products. Chromatographic separations were performed on a C-18 column using acetonitrile-TEA phosphate (70 mM; pH 3.5) 55:45 (v/v) as mobile phase and UV detection at 230 and 280 nm. The selectivity of the method was assured by the on-line photodiode array detector. The identity of the triclosan peak was also confirmed by HPLC MS. The method was successfully applied to the determination of triclosan in commercially available health care products (deodorant stick, dentifrice gel, mouthrinse, toothpaste and handwash). All the products displayed triclosan concentrations in compliance with the EEC directive (< or = 0.3%,).

  18. A rapid and efficient preparation of [123I]radiopharmaceuticals using a small HPLC (Rocket) column.

    PubMed

    Katsifis, Andrew; Papazian, Vahan; Jackson, Timothy; Loc'h, Christian

    2006-01-01

    A simplified method for the rapid and efficient preparation of [(123)I]radiopharmaceuticals is described. Three radiopharmaceuticals, [(123)I]beta-CIT, [(123)I]MIBG and [(123)I]clioquinol, were synthesised and purified as model compounds. The radiotracers were labelled with iodine-123 using electrophilic oxidative conditions and purified by a compact semi-preparative reverse phase column (C-18, 3 microm, 7 x 53 mm, Alltima Rocket, Alltech) using aqueous-ethanol as HPLC solvents that were directly used for radiopharmaceutical formulation. The radiochemical purity of the radioiodinated tracers as assessed by analytical HPLC was higher than 99% with specific activity higher than 3 GBq/nmol. The total preparation time of a radiotracer ranged from 40 to 60 min and, starting from 3.7 GBq of iodine-123, more than 2.5 GBq of formulated radiopharmaceuticals were available for clinical investigations.

  19. Quantitative determination of histamine in tears during conjunctivitis by a novel HPLC method.

    PubMed

    Venza, Isabella; Visalli, Maria; Ceci, Guglielmo; Teti, Diana

    2004-01-01

    The histamine content of tears of healthy sex- and age-matched subjects and patients affected by allergic or nonallergic inflammatory ocular diseases was determined through a new competitive reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. Tear samples from 50 healthy subjects, 30 patients affected by seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, 12 patients with bacterial conjunctivitis associated with Haemophilus influenzae and 8 patients with bacterial conjunctivitis associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae were analyzed for histamine concentration by O-phthaldialdehyde precolumn derivatization-based HPLC. In physiological conditions, the tear histamine content was low (2.26 ng/ml) and did not vary in relation to age and sex. Histamine levels were significantly higher in all the patients studied, to a greater extent in those affected by allergic (23.61 ng/ml) or Haemophilus influenzae-associated (21.53 ng/ml) conjunctivitis.

  20. Quantitative HPLC analysis of sunscreens and caffeine during in vitro percutaneous penetration studies.

    PubMed

    Potard, G; Laugel, C; Baillet, A; Schaefer, H; Marty, J P

    1999-11-05

    This report describes rapid analytical HPLC for the quantification of five UV filters (octyl methoxycinnamate, benzophenone-3, benzophenone-4, octyl triazone and octocrylene) and of caffeine in various skin layers (stratum corneum, dermis, epidermis and receptor fluid) and in cosmetic preparations. The predominant purpose of the study was to establish standard operating procedures for rapid analysis of the compounds in various skin samples. Particular attention was paid to the preparation of biological samples whose natural constitution could interfere with the quantitative analysis. Our methods used the isocratic chromatographic mode in an RP-HPLC with UV detection and did not involve centrifugation or evaporation. Our results were validated in terms of specificity, linearity, precision, accuracy and limits of detection and quantification. The first results, obtained after in vitro experiments, are presented in this report.

  1. Determination of catecholamines in plasma by HPLC and amperometric detection. Comparison with a radioenzymatic method.

    PubMed

    Bauersfeld, W; Ratge, D; Knoll, E; Wisser, H

    1986-03-01

    The determination of norepinephrine and epinephrine in plasma by HPLC with amperometric detection was modified, giving detection limits of 25 ng/l for norepinephrine and epinephrine, respectively, using 1 ml plasma. In order to achieve this sensitivity, it was necessary to minimize the background noise by modification of instrumentation and specimen handling. Particularly important was the extra purification of the reagents, the application of micro-bore HPLC, the enzymatic cleavage of uric acid and temperature control of the amperometric cell and the amplifier. Comparison of the present method with the radioenzymatic determination of catecholamines resulted in coefficients of correlation of r = 0.924 and 0.919 for norepinephrine and epinephrine, resp. (n = 38). The concentrations of the 38 different samples used for the comparison were in the physiological range.

  2. [Validation of the HPLC method in the determination of dioxopromethazine and phenylephrine in eye drops].

    PubMed

    Hudecová, T; Hatrík, S; Zimová, N; Havránek, E

    2002-03-01

    The present paper introduces a rapid HPLC method for the determination of dioxopromethazine and phenylephrine in eye drops. The method uses a modified C18 stationary phase optimized for the separation of basic compounds and a methanol/1.5 mM phosphoric acid (60/40 v/v, pH 3.02) mobile phase. The flow rate is set to 2 ml/min, sample volume 20 microliters, and compounds are detected at 275 nm. Prior to analysis, the eye drops are diluted with water in a ratio of 1:50. The elaborated HPLC method and the chromatographic system were validated according to the procedure for the validation of chromatographic systems and methods.

  3. [Preparation of ferulic acid, senkyunolide I and senkyunolide H from Ligusticum chuanxiong by preparative HPLC].

    PubMed

    Xiong, Yao-Kun; Liang, Shuang; Hong, Yan-Long; Yang, Xiu-Juan; Shen, Lan; Du, Yan; Feng, Yi

    2013-06-01

    Preparative HPLC was used to prepare ferulic acid, senkyunolide I and senkyunolide H from Ligusticum chuanxiong. The separation was conducted on a Shim-Pack Prep-ODS (20.0 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) column with the mobile phase of methanol-0.2% glacial acetic acid (50:50)at the flow rate of 5 mL x min(-1). The detection wavelength was 278 nm, and the purity of each compound was detected by HPLC analysis. Spectral data analyses including UV, ESI-MS and NMR were used to identify their structures. This method is simple, fast, which is suitable for preparation of standard reference of ferulic acid, senkyunolide I and senkyunolide H from L. chuanxiong and can meet the requirement of new drug research and development.

  4. Determination of salicylic acid by HPLC in plasma and saliva from children with juvenile chronic arthritis.

    PubMed

    Legaz, M E; Acitores, E; Valverde, F

    1992-12-01

    A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed for measuring salicylic acid in the plasma and saliva of children with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA). Samples were extracted with diethyl ether and, after drying, redissolved in methanol to be chromatographed. Quantitation of salicylic acid was performed by reverse phase HPLC on a spherisorb ODS-2 column, using methanol: water: acetic acid as mobile phase. Phenolic was monitored by absorbance at 237 nm. Linearity between the amount of mass injected and the response in the detector was determined. This method was applied to compare concentrations of salivary and plasma salicylic acid. The method also permitted the quantitation of salivary salicylate as a non-invasive, indirect method for monitoring the concentration of plasma salicylate in patients with JCA.

  5. SPME-HPLC: a new approach to the analysis of explosives.

    PubMed

    Gaurav; Kaur, Varinder; Kumar, Ashwini; Malik, Ashok Kumar; Rai, P K

    2007-08-25

    Methods developed for the analysis of explosives by SPME coupled to HPLC are reviewed with special emphasis on determination and monitoring in environmental samples such as soil and water. Analysis of explosives by using SPME-HPLC as analytical technique is comparatively a new method on which a special attention is focused nowadays. It saves time, avoid use of hazardous extraction solvents, disposal costs and consequently improve the detection limits. The application of SPME is also widened for explosives by using modified 10-port interface and a C-8 refocusing unit combined with two pumps. Several parameters have been optimized to ensure quantitative results such as high concentration of salt and less acetonitrile:water ratio. CW/PDMS/DVB coatings were found to be superior over PA in terms of sensitivity.

  6. HPLC/atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectroscopy of eight regulated sulfonamides.

    PubMed

    Combs, M T; Ashraf-Khorassani, M; Taylor, L T

    1999-03-01

    Reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography coupled with on-line atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry, HPLC,APCI-MS, has been applied to a mixture of eight sulfonamides. In full scan mode, extracted ion chromatograms produced minimum detectable quantities (MDQ) of 0.8 ng on column, for six of the eight regulated sulfonamides investigated. Selected ion monitoring yielded a 50 pg MDQ for sulfamerazine, sulfadiazine and sulfamethazine, while, the other compounds presented higher values. Analysis of supercritical fluid extracts of chicken liver containing sulfadimethoxine were found to be easily detected by HPLC/APCI-MS. In extracts of chicken liver spiked with 25 microg/kg(-1) (25 ppb) of sulfadimethoxine this compound could be detected in selected ion mode, while 100 pg/microl(-1) was detectable in either full scan or single ion modes. The analysis method for extracted sulfadimethoxine also demonstrated good linearity and reproducibility in both single ion and scan mode.

  7. Ultratraces of carotenes in tomato purées: HPLC-TLS study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luterotti, S.; Marković, K.; Franko, M.; Bicanic, D.; Vahčić, N.; Doka, O.

    2003-01-01

    The present study was designed to provide information about (i) the profile of carotene pigments and (ii) trace quantities of lycopene and β-carotene left in tomato purées. The ultrasensitive method comprising HPLC and thermal lens spectrometric (TLS) detection enabled us to detect as low as 0.3 and 1.1 ng ml-1 lycopene and β-carotene in purée extracts, respectively. Total concentration of β-carotene and lycopene (varying from 3 to 170 ng g-1) in the examined tomato purées may serve as an indicator of the carotene-specific antioxidative capacity of these products. Although conventional spectrophotometry can be used to rapidly assess the quality of products derived from tomatoes, a highly sensitive and selective method such as HPLC-TLS is needed for reliable analyses of samples such as, for example, those subjected to inappropriate storage and/or handling.

  8. Quantitative metabolite profiling of edible onion species by NMR and HPLC-MS.

    PubMed

    Soininen, Tuula H; Jukarainen, Niko; Auriola, Seppo O K; Julkunen-Tiitto, Riitta; Karjalainen, Reijo; Vepsäläinen, Jouko J

    2014-12-15

    Allium genus is a treasure trove of valuable bioactive compounds with potentially therapeutically important properties. This work utilises HPLC-MS and a constrained total-line-shape (CTLS) approach applied to (1)H NMR spectra to quantify metabolites present in onion species to reveal important inter-species differences. Extensive differences were detected between the sugar concentrations in onion species. Yellow onion contained the highest and red onion the lowest amounts of amino acids. The main flavonol-glucosides were quercetin 3,4'-diglucoside and quercetin 4'-glucoside. In general, the levels of flavonols were, higher in yellow onions than in red onions, and garlic and leek contained a lower amount of flavonols than the other Allium species. Our results highlight how (1)H NMR together with HPLC-MS can be useful in the quantification and the identification of the most abundant metabolites, representing an efficient means to pinpoint important functional food ingredients from Allium species.

  9. HPLC quantification of alkaloids from Haplophyllum extracts and comparison with their cytotoxic properties.

    PubMed

    Fiot, Julien; Jansen, Olivia; Akhmedjanova, Valentina; Angenot, Luc; Balansard, Guy; Ollivier, Evelyne

    2006-01-01

    An efficient system for the analysis of total alkaloids extracted from the aerial parts from different species of genus Haplophyllum (Rutaceae) by HPLC on a reversed-phase column is described. The HPLC method described was validated for its specificity, linearity and precision using external standards (haplopine, skimmianine and haplamine). The chromatographic conditions allowed the separation of alkaloids and the quantification of haplopine, skimmianine and haplamine in different samples of species of Haplophyllum collected in Uzbekistan. The alkaloidal contents of samples were compared with their in vitro cytotoxic properties against two cancer cell lines (HeLa and HCT-116). The cytotoxicity of extracts was correlated with the concentration of haplopine, skimmianine or haplamine in aerial parts of species of Haplophyllum.

  10. Determination of ergosterol levels in barley and malt varieties in the Czech Republic via HPLC.

    PubMed

    Jedlicková, Lenka; Gadas, David; Havlová, Pavla; Havel, Josef

    2008-06-11

    Ergosterol is considered to be a suitable indicator of mold infestation in barley and malt. In this study ergosterol levels in different varieties of barley and malt produced in the Czech Republic were determined. A modified high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was statistically processed, validated (Effivalidation program), and applied to 124 samples of barley and malt. Ergosterol was isolated by extraction and saponification, and the quantification was performed using HPLC with diode array detection. The content of ergosterol ranged between the limit of detection (LOD) and 36.3 mg/kg in barley and between the LOD and 131.1 mg/kg in malt. Ergosterol is presumably connected with metabolites generated when barley grain is attacked by pathogens, and such barley often shows a high overfoaming (gushing) value. However, it was found that the content of ergosterol does not correlate with the degree of beer gushing.

  11. Isolation, Identification, and Characterization of One Degradation Product in Ambroxol by HPLC-Hyphenated Techniques

    PubMed Central

    Thummala, Veera Raghava Raju; Ivaturi, Mrutyunjaya Rao; Nittala, Someswara Rao

    2014-01-01

    This study details the isolation, identification, and characterization of ambroxol’s unknown impurity. One unknown impurity of ambroxol was formed in the formulated drug under stress conditions [40°C /75% relative humidity (RH) for 6 months] with the relative retention time (RRT) 0.68 in RP-HPLC. The impurity was enriched by exposing it to heat and it was isolated by using preparative HPLC. The enriched impurity was purified and characterized using the following sophisticated techniques: 2D NMR (gDQ-COSY, gHSQC, and gHMBC), FTIR, and LC-MS/MS. On the basis of the spectral data, the impurity was characterized as trans-4-(6,8-dibromoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl)cyclohexanol. PMID:24959402

  12. Validation of Simultaneous Volumetric and HPLC Methods for the Determination of Pridinol Mesylate in Raw Material

    PubMed Central

    Simionato, Laura D.; Ferello, Leonardo; Stamer, Sebastián; Zubata, Patricia D.; Segall, Adriana I.

    2013-01-01

    Simple, sensitive, and economical simultaneous volumetric and HPLC methods for the determination of pridinol mesylate in raw material have been developed. The volumetric method is based on the reaction of pridinol with sodium lauryl sulphate in diluted sulphuric acid. Dimethyl yellow was used as indicator to detect the end point of the titration in aqueous/organic layer. The HPLC method for the determination of pridinol mesylate employs a reverse phase C18 column at ambient temperature with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile: 0.05 M potassium dihydrogen phosphate, pH adjusted to 5.0 (1 : 2, v/v). The flow rate was 0.8 mL/min. Quantitation was achieved with UV detection at 258 nm based on peak area. Both methods were found to be suitable for the quality control of pridinol mesylate in raw material. PMID:24224103

  13. Chemical fingerprint and quantitative analysis for quality control of polyphenols extracted from pomegranate peel by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Li, Jianke; He, Xiaoye; Li, Mengying; Zhao, Wei; Liu, Liu; Kong, Xianghong

    2015-06-01

    A simple and efficient HPLC fingerprint method was developed and validated for quality control of the polyphenols extracted from pomegranate peel (PPPs). Ten batches of pomegranate collected from different orchards in Shaanxi Lintong of China were used to establish the fingerprint. For the fingerprint analysis, 15 characteristic peaks were selected to evaluate the similarities of 10 batches of the PPPs. The similarities of the PPPs samples were all more than 0.968, indicating that the samples from different areas of Lintong were consistent. Additionally, simultaneous quantification of eight monophenols (including gallic acid, punicalagin, catechin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, epicatechin, rutin, and ellagic acid) in the PPPs was conducted to interpret the consistency of the quality test. The results demonstrated that the HPLC fingerprint as a characteristic distinguishing method combining similarity evaluation and quantitative analysis can be successfully used to assess the quality and to identify the authenticity of the PPPs.

  14. Development of an HPLC post-column antioxidant assay for Solidago canadensis radical scavengers.

    PubMed

    Marksa, Mindaugas; Radušienė, Jolita; Jakštas, Valdas; Ivanauskas, Liudas; Marksienė, Rūta

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this work was to modify and validate the post-column high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-ABTS and DPPH methods for evaluating the antioxidant activity of the methanolic extracts of Solidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) leaves and flowers. Separation of the analytes was performed via the HPLC-PDA method on a YMC analytical column using a gradient elution program. Three compounds with antioxidant properties - chlorogenic acid, rutin and isoquercitrin - and two unidentified antioxidants were established. The research showed that the coil temperature regimes and loop length combinations influence the optimised post-column assay method for detecting the antioxidant activity of goldenrod radical scavengers. Investigations established that the temperature in the reaction coil was a substantial factor contributing to the signal strength of the analytes after reacting with the DPPH and ABTS radicals.

  15. Calculation procedures and HPLC method for analysis of the lipophilicity of acyclovir esters.

    PubMed

    Lesniewska, Monika A; Gdaniec, Zofia; Muszalska, Izabela

    2015-04-01

    Acyclovir (ACV) belongs to a class of drugs with low bioavailability. Selected ACV esters including acetyl (Ac-), isobutyryl (iBut-), pivaloyl (Piv-), ethoxycarbonyl (Etc-) and nicotinoyl (Nic-) were synthesized, and their lipophilicity was determined by the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) RP method. Statistical analyses of the comparative values of log P and clog P were carried out using computational methods. It was proved that the AC log P algorithm can be useful for the analysis of these compounds and has a statistically justified application in the assessment of the quantitative structure-activity relationship. Moreover, the lipophilicity determined by the HPLC method appears as follows: ACV < Ac- < Nic- < Etc- < iBut- < Piv-.

  16. Analysis of the monosaccharide composition of fucoidan by precolumn derivation HPLC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jingjing; Zhang, Quanbin; Wang, Jing; Shi, Xuelian; Zhang, Zhongshan

    2009-09-01

    We developed an HPLC method for analysis of the monosaccharide composition of fucoidans. The fucoidan was hydrolyzed into monosaccharides with 2 mol/L trifluoroacetic acid. Using ribose as the internal standard, the monosaccharide derivatives, obtained with 1-Phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (PMP), were separated by reverse-phase HPLC using a gradient elution process, and monitored by ultraviolet detection at 245 nm. In the concentration range of 0.1-2.0 mmol/L, the peak area of each monosaccharide had a good linear relationship with its concentration ( r 2>0.998). The average recoveries of mannose, rhamnose, glucuronic acid, glucose, galactose, xylose, and fucose were 86.2%, 95.1%, 62.5%, 102.0%, 94.8%, 66.6%, and 105.1%, respectively. This method was accurate and had good reproducibility and could be used to determine the monosaccharide contents of fucoidans.

  17. Fingerprint analysis of polysaccharides from different Ganoderma by HPLC combined with chemometrics methods.

    PubMed

    Sun, Xiaomei; Wang, Haohao; Han, Xiaofeng; Chen, Shangwei; Zhu, Song; Dai, Jun

    2014-12-19

    A fingerprint analysis method has been developed for characterization and discrimination of polysaccharides from different Ganoderma by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with chemometrics means. The polysaccharides were extracted under ultrasonic-assisted condition, and then partly hydrolyzed with trifluoroacetic acid. Monosaccharides and oligosaccharides in the hydrolyzates were subjected to pre-column derivatization with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone and HPLC analysis, which will generate unique fingerprint information related to chemical composition and structure of polysaccharides. The peak data were imported to professional software in order to obtain standard fingerprint profiles and evaluate similarity of different samples. Meanwhile, the data were further processed by hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis. Polysaccharides from different parts or species of Ganoderma or polysaccharides from the same parts of Ganoderma but from different geographical regions or different strains could be differentiated clearly. This fingerprint analysis method can be applied to identification and quality control of different Ganoderma and their products.

  18. Determination of acequinocyl and hydroxyacequinocyl on fruits and vegetables by HPLC-DAD.

    PubMed

    Caboni, Pierluigi; Sarais, Giorgia; Melis, Marinella; Cabras, Marco; Cabras, Paolo

    2004-11-03

    A method for determining residues of the new reduced-risk pesticide acequinocyl and its deacetylated derivative hydroxyacequinocyl on fruits and vegetables (grapes, lemons, pears, and tomatoes) by HPLC is described. The pesticides were extracted from the fruits and vegetables with hexane and ethyl acetate solution (1:1, v/v), determined by HPLC-DAD at 250 nm and confirmed by LC/MS. No cleanup was necessary. This method is characterized by recoveries (0.01-4 mg/kg) > 77%, while the coefficient of variation was determined to be less than 11%. The limit of quantitation for both acequinocyl and hydroxyacequinocyl was 0.01 mg/kg for all matrixes.

  19. Separation of mAbs molecular variants by analytical hydrophobic interaction chromatography HPLC: overview and applications.

    PubMed

    Haverick, Mark; Mengisen, Selina; Shameem, Mohammed; Ambrogelly, Alexandre

    2014-01-01

    Hydrophobic interaction chromatography-high performance liquid chromatography (HIC-HPLC) is a powerful analytical method used for the separation of molecular variants of therapeutic proteins. The method has been employed for monitoring various post-translational modifications, including proteolytic fragments and domain misfolding in etanercept (Enbrel®); tryptophan oxidation, aspartic acid isomerization, the formation of cyclic imide, and α amidated carboxy terminus in recombinant therapeutic monoclonal antibodies; and carboxy terminal heterogeneity and serine fucosylation in Fc and Fab fragments. HIC-HPLC is also a powerful analytical technique for the analysis of antibody-drug conjugates. Most current analytical columns, methods, and applications are described, and critical method parameters and suitability for operation in regulated environment are discussed, in this review.

  20. HPLC method for amino acids profile in biological fluids and inborn metabolic disorders of aminoacidopathies.

    PubMed

    Babu, S V Suresh; Shareef, M M; Shetty, A Pavan Kumar; Shetty, K Taranath

    2002-07-01

    Quantification of total and individual amino acids in biological fluids such as plasma, urine and cerebrospinal fluid has an important diagnostic implication in laboratory medicine. The present paper describes protocols for the assay of total amino acids by modified method based on dinitrophenyl and HPLC profile involving pre-column derivatization with o-pthalaldehyde (OPA) derivatization, respectively. The method, based on the alkylation of-SH groups prior to OPA derivatization of amino acids followed by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography, provide a comprehensive profile of more than twenty amino acids (including-SH group containing) in a single run lasting about 45 minutes. The present study, apart from establishing the normal profile of amino acids in plasma of Indian sub population, also presents HPLC profile for some of the rare amino acidopathies.

  1. Fingerprint analysis of anti-tumor active polypeptides from Arca subcrenata by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Ren, Sheng-fang; Song, Li-yan; Yan, Chun-yan; Li, Ting-fei; Zhao, Yu; Yu, Rong-min

    2008-08-01

    RP-HPLC was applied to analyze active polypeptides in Arca subcrenata, and the optimal condition for separation was also set up: temperature: 30 degrees C; wavelength: 280 nm; flow rate: 1.0 ml/min; Solvent A consisted of 80% acetonitrile and 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) and solvent B contained 0.1% TFA. In this condition, ten samples' fingerprints were gained, in one of which the genuine fraction exhibited fourteen "common peaks" representing the characteristics of the constituents.

  2. Optimization in the formaldehyde determination at sub-ppm level from acetals by HPLC-DAD

    SciTech Connect

    Medvedovici, A.; David, V.; David, F.; Sandra, P.

    1999-02-01

    Carbonylic compounds are mainly monitored as atmospheric pollutants, due to their major contribution to the formation of free radicals and ozone, by means of photolysis. Determination of formaldehyde at sub-ppm level as impurity in acetals using HPLC-DAD is described. Automated on-line precolumn derivatization reaction with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine has been used. Breakdown rates of some industrial scale used acetals (Methylal, Ethylal) to formaldehyde by hydrolysis in aqueous media, according to pH, are described.

  3. Comparison of UHPLC and HPLC in Benzodiazepines Analysis of Postmortem Samples

    PubMed Central

    Behnoush, Behnam; Sheikhazadi, Ardeshir; Bazmi, Elham; Fattahi, Akbar; Sheikhazadi, Elham; Saberi Anary, Seyed Hossein

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The aim of this study was to compare system efficiency and analysis duration regarding the solvent consumption and system maintenance in high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultra high-pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC). In a case–control study, standard solutions of 7 benzodiazepines (BZs) and 73 biological samples such as urine, tissue, stomach content, and bile that screened positive for BZs were analyzed by HPLC and UHPLC in laboratory of forensic toxicology during 2012 to 2013. HPLC analysis was performed using a Knauer by 100-5 C-18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm) and Knauer photodiode array detector (PAD). UHPLC analysis was performed using Knauer PAD detector with cooling autosampler and Eurospher II 100-3 C-18 column (100 mm × 3 mm) and also 2 pumps. The mean retention time, standard deviation, flow rate, and repeatability of analytical results were compared by using 2 methods. Routine runtimes in HPLC and UHPLC took 40 and 15 minutes, respectively. Changes in mobile phase composition of the 2 methods were not required. Flow rate and solvent consumption in UHPLC decreased. Diazepam and flurazepam were detected more frequently in biological samples. In UHPLC, small particle size and short length of column cause effective separation of BZs in a very short time. Reduced flow rate, solvent consumption, and injection volume cause more efficiency and less analysis costs. Thus, in the detection of BZs, UHPLC is an accurate, sensitive, and fast method with less cost of analysis. PMID:25860209

  4. HPLC fucoxanthin profiles of a microalga, a macroalga and a pure fucoxanthin standard.

    PubMed

    Foo, Su Chern; Yusoff, Fatimah Md; Ismail, Maznah; Basri, Mahiran; Yau, Sook Kun; Khong, Nicholas M H; Chan, Kim Wei; Ebrahimi, Mahdi

    2017-02-01

    Data in this article illustrate representative fucoxanthin chromatograms of a microalga, Chaetoceros calcitrans; a macroalga, Saccharina japonica and; a pure fucoxanthin standard. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) eluted fucoxanthin at the 7.008±0.024th min. This data article refers to the research article ''Antioxidant capacities of fucoxanthin-producing algae as influenced by their carotenoid and phenolic contents'' Foo et al. [1]; where a more comprehensive data interpretation and analysis is explained.

  5. Aqueous Reversed-Phase HPLC/FT-IR Using Diffuse Reflectance Detections

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalasinsky, Victor F.; Pai, T. H.; Kenton, R. C.; Kalasinsky, Kathryn S.

    1989-12-01

    Solvent-elimination HPLC/FT-IR has become a viable combination of two important techniques, and we have been developing a system which is adaptable to both normal and reversed-phase liquid chromatography. The interface involves the deposition of HPLC eluites onto a KCI-laden train with subsequent analysis via diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, and with minor modifications, the system can be used with microbore and analytical columns. With aqueous solvents, the water is converted to methanol and acetone in a post-column reaction with 2,2-dimethoxypropane before the eluites are deposited. A number of different samples have been used to demonstrate the interface and its flexibility. Steroids, analgesics, and other pharmaceutical preparations have been separated with reverse-phase solvents and identified by their infrared spectra. For some of the compounds studied, different infrared spectra of a given compound have been found to exhibit intensity variations, which arise from different crystalline states. The differences can be concentration dependent and may be useful in obtaining semi-quantitative information from the infrared spectra. Applications involving both gradient elution and isocratic separations have been successful. The former provides the same advantages for HPLC/FT-IR as one finds in conventional HPLC. More recent work has been applied to the use of buffers such as those frequently used in bioanalytical separations. In trying to simplify the post-column reaction with water, we have immobilized dehydration reagents onto silica particles and packed these materials into a column which is inserted in-line after the analytical column. Of the reagents utilized to date, 3,3-dimethoxypropyltrimethoxysilane has been found to perform most efficiently. It has advantages over the simpler reagents because it can be regenerated in the reaction column. Results and the efficiency of the dehydration process and its relation to the type of reagent and its coverage will be

  6. Characterization of triacylglycerol enantiomers using chiral HPLC/APCI-MS and synthesis of enantiomeric triacylglycerols.

    PubMed

    Lísa, Miroslav; Holčapek, Michal

    2013-02-05

    In this work, the first systematic characterization of triacylglycerol (TG) enantiomers in real samples using chiral high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (APCI-MS) is performed. Our chiral HPLC/APCI-MS method is based on the use of two cellulose-tris-(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) columns connected in series using a gradient of hexane-2-propanol mobile phase. All TG enantiomers containing 1-8 DBs and different fatty acyl chain lengths are separated using our chiral HPLC method except for TGs having a combination of saturated and di- or triunsaturated fatty acyls in sn-1 and sn-3 positions. In our work, the randomization reaction of monoacyl TG standards is used for the preparation of all TG enantiomers and regioisomers in a mixture, while the stereospecific esterification of 1,2- or 2,3-isopropylidene-sn-glycerols by selected fatty acids is used for the synthesis of TG enantiomers. The composition of TG enantiomers and regioisomers in hazelnut oil and human plasma samples is determined. Unsaturated fatty acids are preferentially esterified in sn-2 position in hazelnut oil, while no significant preference of saturated or unsaturated fatty acyls is observed in case of human plasma sample. Fatty acids with the higher number of DBs are preferred in sn-1 position of TG enantiomers in hazelnut oil unlike to moderate sn-3 preference in human plasma. The characterization of cholesteryl esters from TG fraction of human plasma sample using our chiral HPLC/APCI-MS method is presented as well.

  7. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Measurements of Phytoplankton Pigment Distributions of Ocean Waters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-11-01

    coccolithophorids 19. ABSTRACT (CanMyw on rviosfe Inhcesway aM den*t byblock nmber) Until the application of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to... phycocyanin , has a maximum 0 01 absorption peak. The spectra for the 008 chlorophyll degradation products (chlo- 0.06 rophyllides, phaeophorbides and...phaeo- phytins) which are not shown in Figure z I have similar absorption maxima as their associated chlorophylls, 002 , Until the application of high

  8. The Quantification of Glycosaminoglycans: A Comparison of HPLC, Carbazole, and Alcian Blue Methods

    PubMed Central

    Frazier, Sarah B.; Roodhouse, Kevin A.; Hourcade, Dennis E.; Zhang, Lijuan

    2010-01-01

    Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are linear polysaccharides that are found in the extracellular matrix and biological fluids of animals where they interact with hundreds of proteins and perform a variety of critical roles. There are five classes of animal GAGs: heparan sulfate (HS), chondroitin sulfate (CS), dermatan sulfate (DS), keratan sulfate (KS), and hyaluronan (HA). Many biological functions can be monitored directly by their impact on GAG quantity. Thus, simple, sensitive, and robust GAG quantification methods are needed for the development of biomarkers. We have systematically compared three available GAG quantification assays including an HPLC-based assay, a simplified Alcian Blue assay, and a miniaturized carbazole assay. The carbazole and Alcian Blue assays were reproducible and simple to perform in general lab settings, but had important limitations: The carbazole assay could not detect KS and it overestimated GAGs that were contaminated with salts or dissolved in PBS. The Alcian Blue assay detected only those GAGs that were sulfated. In contrast, while the HPLC method was time-consuming, it was a robust and sensitive assay that not only detected all GAGs but also quantified glucosamine-GAGs and galactosamine-GAGs simultaneously. The HPLC assay was not affected by salt or level of GAG sulfation and it yielded reproducible values for all types of GAGs tested. These results suggest that an automated HPLC assay would be generally useful for the routine measurement of a panel of GAG-based biomarkers while the carbazole assay and the Alcian Blue assays could prove valuable for more specific purposes. PMID:20640171

  9. [Determination of arbutin in the herbs of Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. by RP-HPLC].

    PubMed

    Sun, H; Wang, X; Huang, R; Yuan, C

    1997-09-01

    Determination of arbutin in the herbs of Vaccinium vitis-idaea has been carried out by RP-HPLC, using Inertsil-ODS column (4.6 mm x 250 mm) and mobile phase of methanol and water (15:85), and detecting at 280 nm wavelength. The average content of arbutin is 4.44%, RSD = 2.93%; the recovery rate is 100.7%, RSD = 2.85%.

  10. Incorporation and/or adduction of formic acid with DNA in vivo studied by HPLC-AMS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Jiadan; Cheng, Yan; Sun, Hongfang; Wang, Haifang; Li, Yuankai; Liu, Yuanfang; Ding, Xingfang; Fu, Dongpo; Liu, Kexin; Wang, Deqing; Deng, Xiaoyong

    2010-04-01

    The contribution of incorporation and/or adduction of formic acid with liver DNA in mouse was investigated using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) associated with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Four kinds of 5'-formylated adducts, which were prepared by the reaction of formic acid and deoxyribonucleosides in vitro, were used as references for the HPLC-AMS analysis of in vivo adduction. After the administration of sodium 14C-formate to mice, the liver DNA pellets were isolated and enzymatically digested to deoxyribonucleosides. A precise analysis of the hydrolysate by HPLC-AMS indicates that a majority of formic acid incorporates directly into DNA, whereas less than 1.5% might form instable formylated DNA adducts in vivo. The results greatly support the important perspective that formic acid is not carcinogenic. Moreover, this study demonstrates that a combination of HPLC with AMS is an essential means for the evaluation of DNA adduction.

  11. [Determination method of ultra-high-intensity sweetener, advantame, in processed foods by HPLC and LC-MS/MS].

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Miki; Terada, Hisaya; Nakajima, Masahiro

    2015-01-01

    A simple method using HPLC and LC-MS/MS was developed for the determination of ultra-high-intensity sweetener, advantame, in processed foods. Advantame was extracted by dialysis, and cleaned up on a Sep-Pak Plus C18 cartridge, then determined by HPLC and LC-MS/MS. The recoveries from 5 kinds of processed foods fortified at the levels of 0.001 g/kg and 0.01 g/kg were 64.1-89.9% (RSD 0.9-6.9%) by HPLC and 68.8-99.9% (RSD 0.8-4.9%) by LC-MS/MS. The quantitation limit was 0.0004 g/kg by HPLC and 0.00004 g/kg by LC-MS/MS.

  12. A validated HPLC method for the analysis of herbal teas from three chemotypes of Brazilian Lippia alba.

    PubMed

    Timóteo, Patrícia; Karioti, Anastasia; Leitão, Suzana G; Vincieri, Franco Francesco; Bilia, Anna Rita

    2015-05-15

    Infusions and decoctions of three chemotypes of Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Brown (Verbenaceae) were investigated for their quantitative profiles by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS analyses. An RP-HPLC method was developed which permitted the quality control of the preparations. The correct choice of the column allowed the detailed characterization of the constituents in a total analysis time of 35 min. The HPLC method was accordingly validated for linearity range, LOD, LOQ, accuracy and precision. For the quantitative analysis the three major phytochemical groups were taken into consideration, namely iridoids, phenylpropanoids and flavonoids. Comparative quantitative analyses revealed significant differences among the chemotypes that should be taken into account in the uses of the herbal teas. The developed HPLC-UV assay proved to be an efficient and alternative method for the discrimination of the three chemotypes. This is the first report of detailed analysis of the chemical composition of the constituents of L. alba chemotypes' teas.

  13. Development of an Automated All-Teflon HPLC System for the Analysis of Precious Geological and Extraterrestrial Materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ireland, T. J.; Dauphas, N.; Tissot, F. L. H.

    2012-03-01

    We outline the development and progress toward building an automated all-Teflon HPLC system for the analysis of precious geological and extraterrestrial samples. Our system has several traits that distinguish it from traditional column setups.

  14. A new validated HPLC method for the determination of quercetin: Application to study pharmacokinetics in rats.

    PubMed

    Abdelkawy, Khaled S; Balyshev, Mark E; Elbarbry, Fawzy

    2017-03-01

    A simple, accurate, and reproducible high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed and validated for the quantification of quercetin (QR) in rat plasma. The method involves a simple protein precipitation procedure to extract both QR and thymoquinone (TQ), the internal standard. The chromatographic analysis was achieved on a Shimadzu LC 20 A HPLC system equipped with a Supelcosil LC-18 T C18 column and an isocratic mobile phase consisting of 0.3% trichloroacetic acid in water and acetonitrile HPLC-grade (50:50, v/v) run at a flow rate of 0.9 mL/min for 13 min. The UV detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. The method exhibited good linearity (R(2)  > 0.994) over the assayed concentration range (0.10-25 μg/mL) and demonstrated good intra-day and inter-day precision and accuracy (relative standard deviations and the deviation from predicted values were <20%). This method was also successfully applied for studying the pharmacokinetics of QR in rats following a single oral dose of QR to evaluate its pharmacokinetic parameters in rats.

  15. Simultaneous Speciation of Arsenic, Selenium, and Chromium by HPLC-ICP-MS

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wolf, Ruth E.; Morman, Suzette A.; Morrison, Jean M.; Lamothe, Paul J.

    2008-01-01

    An adaptation of an analytical method developed for chromium speciation has been utilized for the simultaneous determination of As(III), As(V), Se(IV), Se(VI), Cr(III), and Cr(VI) species using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation with ICP-MS detection. Reduction of interferences for the determination of As, Se, and Cr by ICP-MS is a major consideration for this method. Toward this end, a Dynamic Reaction Cell (DRC) ICP-MS system was used to detect the species eluted from the chromatographic column. A variety of reaction cell gases and conditions may be utilized, and the advantages and limitations of the gases tested to date will be presented and discussed. The separation and detection of the As, Se, and Cr species of interest can be achieved using the same chromatographic conditions in less than 2 minutes by complexing the Cr(III) with EDTA prior to injection on the HPLC column. Practical aspects of simultaneous speciation analysis will be presented and discussed, including issues with HPLC sample vial contamination, standard and sample contamination, species stability, and considerations regarding sample collection and preservation methods. The results of testing to determine the method's robustness to common concomitant element and anion effects will also be discussed. Finally, results will be presented using the method for the analysis of a variety of environmental and geological samples including waters, soil leachates and simulated bio-fluid leachates.

  16. Traceable phosphorus measurements by ICP-OES and HPLC for the quantitation of DNA.

    PubMed

    Holden, Marcia J; Rabb, Savelas A; Tewari, Yadu B; Winchester, Michael R

    2007-02-15

    Measurement of the phosphorus content of nucleotides and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) offers an approach to the quantitation of nucleic acids that is traceable to the SI. Such measurements can be an alternative to the commonly used spectroscopic tools that are not traceable. Phosphorus measurements of thymidine 5'-monophosphate (TMP) and acid-digested plasmid and genomic DNA preparations were made using high-performance inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (HP-ICP-OES) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and compared for bias and uncertainty. A prerequisite for quality measurement is the purity of the materials. Quantitation with the two platforms was comparable for the TMP. However, the HPLC values had larger uncertainties and were all statistically different from the gravimetric values at the 95% confidence level. When using ICP-OES, the digestion of the nucleotide monophosphate can be eliminated, thus simplifying the procedure. The differences between the results obtained by using the two platforms, when measuring genomic or plasmid DNA, were dependent on the mass fraction of the digest. ICP-OES measurement of phosphorus provides a highly accurate quantitation for both nucleotide monophosphates and DNA with expanded uncertainties of less than 0.1%. Currently, ICP-OES requires a significant sample size restricting its usefulness for the quantitation of DNA but represents a valuable tool for certification of reference materials. HPLC requires smaller amounts of material to perform the analysis but is less useful for certification of reference materials because of lower accuracy and 10-fold higher expanded uncertainties.

  17. A nitromethane-based HPLC system alternative to acetonitrile for carotenoid analysis of fruit and vegetables.

    PubMed

    Sandmann, Gerhard

    2010-01-01

    Acetonitrile-based HPLC systems are the most commonly used for carotenoid analysis from different plant tissues. Because of the acetonitrile shortage, an HPLC system for the separation of carotenoids on C(18) reversed-phase columns was developed in which an acetonitrile-alcohol-based mobile phase was replaced by nitromethane. This solvent comes closest to acetonitrile with respect to its elutrophic property. Our criterion was to obtain similar separation and retention times for a range of differently structured carotenoids. This was achieved by further increase in the lipophilicity with ethylacetate. For all the carotenoids which we tested, we found co-elution only of β-cryptoxanthin and lycopene. By addition of 1% of water, separation of this pair of carotenoids was also achieved. The final recommended mobile phase consisted of nitromethane : 2-propanol : ethyl acetate : water (79 : 10 : 10 : 1, by volume). On Nucleosil C(18) columns and related ones like Hypersil C(18), we obtained separation of carotenes, hydroxyl, epoxy and keto derivatives, which resembles the excellent separation properties of acetonitrile-based mobile phases on C(18) reversed phase columns. We successfully applied the newly developed HPLC system to the separation of carotenoids from different vegetables and fruit.

  18. Sensitive HPLC-APCI-MS method for the determination of cyclovirobuxine D in human plasma.

    PubMed

    Ding, Li; Hu, Jingjing; Jiang, Meng; Xiong, Ningning

    2006-10-20

    A sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation-mass spectrometry (HPLC-APCI-MS) assay for determination of cyclovirobuxine D (CVB-D) in human plasma using mirtazapine as internal standard (I.S.) was established. After adjustment to a basic pH with sodium hydroxide, plasma was extracted by ethyl acetate and separated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on a reversed-phase C(18) column with a mobile phase of 30 mM ammonium acetate buffer solution containing 1% formic acid-methanol (48:52, v/v). CVB-D was determined with atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation-mass spectrometry (APCI-MS). HPLC-APCI-MS was performed in the selected-ion monitoring (SIM) mode using target ions at [M+H](+)m/z 403.4 for CVB-D and [M+H](+)m/z 266.2 for I.S. Calibration curves were linear over the range 10.11-4044 pg/ml. The lower limit of quantification was 10.11 pg/ml. The intra- and inter-run variability values were less than 9.5 and 12.4%, respectively. The mean plasma extraction recovery of CVB-D was in the range of 85.3-92.8%. The method was successfully applied to determine the plasma concentrations of CVB-D in Chinese volunteers.

  19. Use of an electronic tongue and HPLC with electrochemical detection to differentiate molds in culture media.

    PubMed

    Söderström, C; Borén, H; Krantz-Rülcker, C

    2005-01-01

    A study was conducted to further evaluate an electronic tongue, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical (EC) and UV detection as a reference method. The electronic tongue consisted of four working electrodes made of different metals and arranged in a standard three-electrode configuration. Pulses of voltage were applied to the metals, and the current responses were sampled and collected in a data matrix. The objectives of the present investigation were to examine the ability of the electronic tongue to distinguish between two mold species growing in three different media, and to obtain support for the hypothesis that the device actually discriminates between different redox-active metabolites produced by the molds. Peak areas in EC and UV HPLC chromatograms were collected in a data matrix. The electronic tongue data and the EC and UV data were then subjected to principal component analysis (PCA). A number of peaks in the HPLC-EC chromatograms indicated that the growth media contained redox-active metabolites. Moreover, PCA of peak areas in EC chromatograms revealed differences between the distribution of redox-active metabolites produced by the two species and between the three culture media. The same pattern was apparent in a PCA score plot of electronic tongue data. The peaks in the UV and EC chromatograms differed, and these were also shown by the PCA score plots.

  20. Use of ANN modelling in structure--retention relationships of diuretics in RP-HPLC.

    PubMed

    Agatonovic-Kustrin, S; Zecevic, M; Zivanovic, L

    1999-10-01

    Structure retention relationship study, conducted by RP HPLC, was used to investigate physical chemical parameters related to the RP retention times of amiloride, hydrochlorothiazide and methyldopa in order to predict the separation of amiloride and methylclothiazide from Lometazid tablets. Retention data were obtained with an ODS column using a mobile phase methanol water (pH adjusted with phosphoric acid). Physical chemical properties were calculated directly from the molecular structure. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) were used to correlate chromatograms retention times with mobile phase composition and pH, and with physical chemical properties of amiloride, hydrochlorothiazide and methyldopa and to predict separation of amiloride and methylclothiazide from Lometazid tablets. Sensitivity analysis was performed to interpret the meaning of the descriptors included in the models. Results confirmed the dominant role of the polar modifier in such chromatographic systems. Within a series of solutes chromatographed under identical conditions, the retention parameters could be approximated by a non-linear combination of logP, logD, pKa, surface tension, parachor, molar volume and to minor extend by polarisability, reetractivity index and density. This study has demonstrated that the use ANNs techniques can result in much more efficient use of experimental information. As HPLC is the most popular analytical technique, improvements in HPLC methods development can yield significant gains in the overall analytical effort. The ANNs extension presented could be the method of choice in some advanced research settings and serves as an indication of the broad potential of neural networks in chromatography analysis.

  1. Simultaneous determination of zidovudine and lamivudine in human serum using HPLC with tandem mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Kenney, K B; Wring, S A; Carr, R M; Wells, G N; Dunn, J A

    2000-07-01

    A method employing high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with tandem mass spectrometry (MS) has been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of clinically relevant levels of zidovudine (AZT) and lamivudine (3TC) in human serum. The method incorporates a fully automated ultrafiltration sample preparation step that replaces the solid-phase extraction step typically used for HPLC with UV detection. The calibration range of the dual-analyte LC-MS/MS method is 2.5-2,500 and 2.5-5,000 ng ml-1 for AZT and 3TC, respectively, using 0.25 ml of human serum. The lower limit of quantification was 2.5 ng ml-1 for each analyte, with a chromatographic run time of approximately 6 min. Overall accuracy, expressed as bias, and inter- and intra-assay precision are < +/- 7 and < 10% for AZT, and < +/- 5 and < 12.1% for 3TC over the full concentration ranges. A cross-validation study demonstrated that the LC-MS/MS method afforded equivalent results to established methods consisting of a radioimmuno-assay for AZT and an HPLC-UV method for 3TC. Moreover, the LC-MS/MS was more sensitive, allowed markedly higher-throughput, and required smaller sample volumes (for 3TC only). The validated method has been used to support post-marketing clinical studies for Combivir a combination tablet containing AZT and 3TC.

  2. A microcoil NMR probe for coupling microscale HPLC with on-line NMR spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Subramanian, R; Kelley, W P; Floyd, P D; Tan, Z J; Webb, A G; Sweedler, J V

    1999-12-01

    An HPLC NMR system is presented that integrates a commercial microbore HPLC system using a 0.5-mm column with a 500-MHz proton NMR spectrometer using a custom NMR probe with an observe volume of 1.1 microL and a coil fill factor of 68%. Careful attention to capillary connections and NMR flow cell design allows on-line NMR detection with no significant loss in separation efficiency when compared with a UV chromatogram. HPLC NMR is performed on mixtures of amino acids and small peptides with analyte injection amounts as small as 750 ng; the separations are accomplished in less than 10 min and individual NMR spectra are acquired with 12 s time resolution. Stopped-flow NMR is achieved by diversion of the chromatographic flow after observation of the beginning of the analyte band within the NMR flow cell. Isolation of the compound of interest within the NMR detection cell allows multidimensional experiments to be performed. A stopped-flow COSY spectrum of the peptide Phe-Ala is acquired in 3.5 h with an injected amount of 5 micrograms.

  3. Evaluation of proposed sulphoxidation pathways of carbocysteine in man by HPLC quantification.

    PubMed

    Brockmöller, J; Staffeldt, B; Roots, I

    1991-01-01

    A quantitative study has been made of the metabolism of S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine (CMC) and its sulphoxides in volunteers by HPLC. Precolumn derivatization was applied prior to gradient reversed phase HPLC separation and fluorescence detection. For CMC and its metabolites containing a primary amino group the reagent 9-fluorenylmethylchloroformate was used. The other metabolites of CMC were derivatized at their carboxylic group with 1-pyrenyldiazomethane to give stable fluorescent products. Urine samples were collected for 8 h after oral administration of 1.125 g CMC to 33 healthy volunteers. Elimination of CMC in urine as sulphoxides did not account for more than 1% of the dose in any of the volunteers. Thus, CMC-sulphoxide metabolites are not quantitatively important. Recovery of the original substance in 8-hour urines ranged from 10 to 30% and a further 2 to 20% was recovered as the metabolite thiodiglycolic acid. Oral doses of 0.19, 1.125, and 2.25 g CMC in a second group of 12 healthy volunteers did not reveal dose dependence of the urinary excretion of the sulphoxides or of thiodiglycolic acid. Serum concentration-time-curves of CMC, (S)- and (R)-CMC sulphoxide were measured in a group of 9 healthy volunteers. The CMC sulphoxides in serum reached 1.5% of the parent substance after 4 hours. The ratio of CMC to its sulphoxide metabolites was similar in serum and urine. Pharmacogenetic polymorphism of sulphoxidation was not confirmed by the specific HPLC methods used.

  4. Detection of enzyme inhibitors in crude natural extracts using droplet-based microfluidics coupled to HPLC.

    PubMed

    Ochoa, Abraham; Álvarez-Bohórquez, Enrique; Castillero, Eduardo; Olguin, Luis F

    2017-04-04

    Natural product screening for new bioactive compounds can greatly benefit from low reagents consumption and high throughput capacity of droplet-based microfluidic systems. However, the creation of large droplet libraries in which each droplet carries a different compound is a challenging task. A possible solution is to use an HPLC coupled to a droplet generating microfluidic device to sequentially encapsulate the eluting compounds. In this work we demonstrate the feasibility of carrying out enzyme inhibiting assays inside nano-liter droplets with the different components of a natural crude extract after being separated by a coupled HPLC column. In the droplet formation zone, the eluted components are mixed with an enzyme and a fluorogenic substrate that permits to follow the enzymatic reaction in the presence of each chromatographic peak and identify those inhibiting the enzyme activity. Using a fractal shape channel design and automated image analysis we were able to identify inhibitors of Clostridium perfringens neuraminidase present in a root extract of the Pelargonium sidoides plant. This work demonstrates the feasibility of bioprofiling a natural crude extract after being separated in HPLC using microfluidic droplets on-line and represents an advance in the miniaturization of natural products screening.

  5. Seradyn quantitative microsphere system lamotrigine immunoassay on a Hitachi 911 analyzer compared with HPLC-UV.

    PubMed

    Westley, Ian S; Morris, Raymond G

    2008-10-01

    Lamotrigine (LTG) is used currently as monotherapy or, more frequently, as add-on therapy with other antiepileptic drugs. It demonstrates efficacy against partial seizures, primary and secondary tonic clonic seizures, absence seizures, and drop attacks. LTG pharmacokinetics is complicated by coadministration with other antiepileptic drugs such as valproic acid, phenytoin, or carbamazepine. The wide interpatient variability in LTG dosage required to attain therapeutic plasma LTG concentrations for seizure control suggests that LTG is a good candidate for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). In this study, we compared the quantitative microsphere system (QMS) LTG immunoassay with the LTG high-performance liquid chromatography-ultra violet (HPLC-UV) assay routinely employed for TDM in our laboratory. Samples tested by these methods were patient samples presented for TDM and from a quality assurance program. Quality control material demonstrated within- and between-run (n = 6) coefficient of variation and biases of less than 10%. Patient samples demonstrated a Deming regression of QMS = 1.09 HPLC-UV - 0.17 and quality assurance program samples had a Deming regression of QMS = 1.03 HPLC-UV - 0.11. Patient samples demonstrated a mean bias of 6.1% and quality assurance program samples had a mean bias of 0.2%. The QMS LTG assay had a clinically small but significant overestimation of plasma LTG concentrations. It may be useful as a convenient alternative method that would provide TDM guidance if a chromatographic assay was not available.

  6. Identification of a Panax ginseng fruit fingerprint by HPLC-ESI-MS.

    PubMed

    Zhao, H F; Xu, F F; Guo, Y T; Mi, H

    2016-03-11

    Over many years, parts of Panax ginseng (root and rhizome) have been identified and applied for medical purposes as traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Recently, research has indicated that ginseng fruit also contains similar compounds and is as rich as the other parts of the ginseng. This discovery may dramatically improve the efficient of outputs derived from ginseng products. Here, a new technique combining high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was employed to identify the fingerprint of P. ginseng fruit. Using HPLC, compounds that are important for medical purposes were extracted and purified. Combined with ESI-MS, the characteristic peaks (nine common peaks) of those compounds were identified, and the accuracy was confirmed by analysis using the Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System (2004A edition). Overall, 15 batches of ginseng fruit had a similarity of more than 0.80, 13 batches of samples had a similarity between 0.97 and 0.99, and two batches had a similarity less than 0.90. The test solution and mobile phase selection was discussed. The HPLC-ESI-MS method can produce repeatable and reliable results and can be applied in the quality control of P. ginseng fruit.

  7. Size-exclusion HPLC as a sensitive and calibrationless method for complex peptide mixtures quantification.

    PubMed

    Bodin, Alice; Framboisier, Xavier; Alonso, Dominique; Marc, Ivan; Kapel, Romain

    2015-12-01

    This work describes an original methodology to quantify complex peptide mixtures by size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography (SE-HPLC). The methodology was first tested on simulated elutions of peptide mixtures. For this set of experiments, a good estimation of the total peptide concentration was observed (error less than 10 %). Then 30 fractions obtained by ultrafiltration of hydrolysates from two different sources were titrated by Kjeldahl or BCA analysis and analysed by SE-HPLC for an experimental validation of the methodology. Very good matchs between methods were obtained. The linear working range depends on the hydrolysate but is generally between 0.2 and 4gL(-1) (i.e. between 10 and 200μg). Moreover, the presence of organic solvents or salts in samples does not impact the accuracy of the methodology contrary to common quantification methods. Hence, the findings of this study show that total concentration of complex peptide mixture can be efficiently determinate by the proposed methodology using simple SE-HPLC analysis.

  8. The cytology, isozyme, HPLC fingerprint, and interspecific hybridization studies of genus epimedium (berberidaceae).

    PubMed

    Wang, Lin-Jiao; Sheng, Mao-Yin

    2013-01-01

    104 samples from 27 accessions belonging to 12 species of genus Epimedium were studied on the basis of cytology observation, POD (i.e., peroxide) isozyme, high performance liquid chromatography (i.e., HPLC) fingerprint, and interspecific hybridization. The cytology observation showed karyotypes of twelve species studied; all are 2A symmetry type of Stebbins standard and similar to each other, and except for karyotype of E. leptorrhizum which is 2n = 2x = 8m (2SAT) + 4sm, the rest are 2n = 2x = 6m (2SAT) + 6sm. Chromosomes C-banding of barrenwort species varies, with 15 to 22 bands, consisting of centromeric bands, intercalary bands, terminal bands, and middle satellite bands. Results of POD isozyme showed that the zymographs vary greatly and sixteen bands were detected in the eleven species, and each species has its own characteristic bands different from the others. Studies on the HPLC fingerprint showed that the HPLC fingerprint of different species has characteristic peaks, divided into two regions (retention time < 10 min and retention time > 10 min). Results of interspecific hybridization showed that crosses of any combination among seven species studied are successful and the rates of grain set vary greatly. Based on these results, the system and phylogeny of this genus were inferred.

  9. The Cytology, Isozyme, HPLC Fingerprint, and Interspecific Hybridization Studies of Genus Epimedium (Berberidaceae)

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Lin-Jiao; Sheng, Mao-Yin

    2013-01-01

    104 samples from 27 accessions belonging to 12 species of genus Epimedium were studied on the basis of cytology observation, POD (i.e., peroxide) isozyme, high performance liquid chromatography (i.e., HPLC) fingerprint, and interspecific hybridization. The cytology observation showed karyotypes of twelve species studied; all are 2A symmetry type of Stebbins standard and similar to each other, and except for karyotype of E. leptorrhizum which is 2n = 2x = 8m (2SAT) + 4sm, the rest are 2n = 2x = 6m (2SAT) + 6sm. Chromosomes C-banding of barrenwort species varies, with 15 to 22 bands, consisting of centromeric bands, intercalary bands, terminal bands, and middle satellite bands. Results of POD isozyme showed that the zymographs vary greatly and sixteen bands were detected in the eleven species, and each species has its own characteristic bands different from the others. Studies on the HPLC fingerprint showed that the HPLC fingerprint of different species has characteristic peaks, divided into two regions (retention time < 10 min and retention time > 10 min). Results of interspecific hybridization showed that crosses of any combination among seven species studied are successful and the rates of grain set vary greatly. Based on these results, the system and phylogeny of this genus were inferred. PMID:24349794

  10. Determination of saponins in the kernel cake of Balanites aegyptiaca by HPLC-ESI/MS.

    PubMed

    Chapagain, Bishnu P; Wiesman, Zeev

    2007-01-01

    The kernel cake produced from Balanites aegyptiaca fruit of Israeli origin was analysed for its saponin constituents using high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). The HPLC was equipped with a reversed-phase C18 column and a refractive index detector (RID), and elution was isocratic with methanol and water (70:30). The MS system was equipped with electrospray ionisation (ESI). Nine compounds were chromatographically separated, their masses were determined in the negative ion mode and subsequent fragmentation of each component was carried out. From the nine components, six saponins with molecular masses of 1196, 1064, 1210, 1224, 1078 and 1046 Da were identified, with the compound of mass 1210 Da being the main saponin (ca. 36%). Saponins with masses of 1224 and 1046 Da have not been previously reported in B. aegyptiaca. In all saponins, diosgenin was found to be the sole aglycone. This study shows that HPLC-ESI/MS is a quick and reliable technique for characterizing the saponins from kernel cake of B. aegyptiaca.

  11. Quantitative analysis of eugenol in clove extract by a validated HPLC method.

    PubMed

    Yun, So-Mi; Lee, Myoung-Heon; Lee, Kwang-Jick; Ku, Hyun-Ok; Son, Seong-Wan; Joo, Yi-Seok

    2010-01-01

    Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) is a well-known medicinal plant used for diarrhea, digestive disorders, or in antiseptics in Korea. Eugenol is the main active ingredient of clove and has been chosen as a marker compound for the chemical evaluation or QC of clove. This paper reports the development and validation of an HPLC-diode array detection (DAD) method for the determination of eugenol in clove. HPLC separation was accomplished on an XTerra RP18 column (250 x 4.6 mm id, 5 microm) with an isocratic mobile phase of 60% methanol and DAD at 280 nm. Calibration graphs were linear with very good correlation coefficients (r2 > 0.9999) from 12.5 to 1000 ng/mL. The LOD was 0.81 and the LOQ was 2.47 ng/mL. The method showed good intraday precision (%RSD 0.08-0.27%) and interday precision (%RSD 0.32-1.19%). The method was applied to the analysis of eugenol from clove cultivated in various countries (Indonesia, Singapore, and China). Quantitative analysis of the 15 clove samples showed that the content of eugenol varied significantly, ranging from 163 to 1049 ppb. The method of determination of eugenol by HPLC is accurate to evaluate the quality and safety assurance of clove, based on the results of this study.

  12. On-line MSPD-SPE-HPLC/FLD analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in bovine tissues.

    PubMed

    Gutiérrez-Valencia, Tania M; García de Llasera, Martha P

    2017-05-15

    A fast method was optimized and validated for simultaneous trace determination of four polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: benzo[a]anthracene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene and benzo[a]pyrene in bovine tissues. The determination was performed by matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) coupled on-line to solid phase extraction (SPE) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection (FLD). The sample was dispersed on C18 silica sorbent and then the on-line MSPD-SPE-HPLC/FLD method was applied. Several parameters were optimized: cleaning and elution sequences applied to the MSPD cartridge, the flow rate and dilution of extract used for SPE loading. The on-line method was validated over a concentration range of 0.1-0.6ngg(-1) obtaining good linearity (r⩾0.998) and precision (RSD)⩽10%. Recovery ranged from 96 to 99% and the limits of detection were 0.012ngg(-1). This methodology was applied to liver samples from unhealthy animals. The results demonstrate that MSDP-SPE-HPLC/FLD method provides reliable, sensitive, accurate and fast data to the food control.

  13. Quality assessment of cortex cinnamomi by HPLC chemical fingerprint, principle component analysis and cluster analysis.

    PubMed

    Yang, Jie; Chen, Li-Hong; Zhang, Qin; Lai, Mao-Xiang; Wang, Qiang

    2007-06-01

    HPLC fingerprint analysis, principle component analysis (PCA), and cluster analysis were introduced for quality assessment of Cortex cinnamomi (CC). The fingerprint of CC was developed and validated by analyzing 30 samples of CC from different species and geographic locations. Seventeen chromatographic peaks were selected as characteristic peaks and their relative peak areas (RPA) were calculated for quantitative expression of the HPLC fingerprints. The correlation coefficients of similarity in chromatograms were higher than 0.95 for the same species while much lower than 0.6 for different species. Besides, two principal components (PCs) have been extracted by PCA. PC1 separated Cinnamomum cassia from other species, capturing 56.75% of variance while PC2 contributed for their further separation, capturing 19.08% variance. The scores of the samples showed that the samples could be clustered reasonably into different groups corresponding to different species and different regions. The scores and loading plots together revealed different chemical properties of each group clearly. The cluster analysis confirmed the results of PCA analysis. Therefore, HPLC fingerprint in combination with chemometric techniques provide a very flexible and reliable method for quality assessment of traditional Chinese medicines.

  14. Determination of methenamine, methenamine mandelate and methenamine hippurate in pharmaceutical preparations using ion-exchange HPLC.

    PubMed

    Pavitrapok, Chiravi; Williams, David A

    2006-03-18

    An ion-exchange column high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed for the determination of methenamine in methenamine and methenamine hippurate pharmaceutical preparations. The HPLC method uses a Zorbax SCX-300 column with acetonitrile-0.1M sodium perchlorate monohydrate (pH 5.8) (70:30, v/v) as the mobile phase at the flow rate of 1 mL/min. UV-detection was at 212 nm. The linear concentration plots for methenamine were linear over the concentration range of 0.25-50mM for methenamine and methenamine mandelate standards. The intra-day RSD precision was <1.25%, and for inter-day, <1.85%. The peaks for mandelic acid, hippuric acid and the other ingredients from placebo tablets do not interfere with the analysis for methenamine. The accuracy of this method was shown to be 99-101% by measuring the recovery of methenamine from spiked placebo tablets. The assay of methenamine from methenamine hippurate tablets and from a urinary antiseptic tablet containing methenamine were in the range of 98-102%. This HPLC method is a fast, simple and straightforward method for the analysis of methenamine in pharmaceutical preparations.

  15. Quantification of lipoic acid from skin samples by HPLC using ultraviolet, electrochemical and evaporative light scattering detectors.

    PubMed

    Campos, Patrícia Mazureki; Praça, Fabíola Silva Garcia; Bentley, Maria Vitória Lopes Badra

    2016-04-15

    Lipoic acid (LA) is an endogenous organosulfur compound with potent antioxidant property. LA is often used as a drug for the treatment of skin disorders. For the accomplishment of topical applications of LA appropriate drug quantification methods are essential. Thus far, no HPLC methods have been reported for the measurement of LA extracted from skin. In this article we report on the development and validation of three sensitive and specific HPLC methods for LA and dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA) using ultraviolet (UV), electrochemical (EC) or evaporative light scattering (ELS) detection. These methods demonstrate different linearity ranges. The chromatographic separations were performed by RP-HPLC (250 × 4 mm, 5 μm) with isocratic elution using an acidic mobile phase for the three detection techniques. The lower limits of detection and quantification were 0.04 and 0.08 ng LA, respectively, for HPLC coupled to ELS, an innovative detector for LA with high sensitivity. The extraction of LA from skin samples showed recoveries greater than 71%. The recovered LA concentrations from stratum corneum and epidermis+dermis layers were: 5.41 ± 0.56 and 4.92 ± 0.33 μg/mL, respectively for HPLC/UV and 6.52 ± 0.49 and 5.01 ± 0.41 μg/mL, respectively, for HPLC/EC for the added LA concentration (6.67 μg/mL), and 8.88 ± 0.46 and 8.95 ± 0.08 μg/mL, respectively, for HPLC/ELS for the added LA concentration (10 μg/mL). These three optimized HPLC methods allowed for a simple, rapid and reliable determination of LA in human skin. They should be useful for the development of drug delivery systems for topical applications of LA.

  16. Comparative evaluation of an ISO 3632 method and an HPLC-DAD method for safranal quantity determination in saffron.

    PubMed

    García-Rodríguez, M Valle; López-Córcoles, Horacio; Alonso, Gonzalo L; Pappas, Christos S; Polissiou, Moschos G; Tarantilis, Petros A

    2017-04-15

    The aim of this work was a comparison of the ISO 3632 (2011) method and an HPLC-DAD method for safranal quantity determination in saffron. Samples from different origins were analysed by UV-vis according to ISO 3632 (2011) and by HPLC-DAD. Both methods were compared, and there was no correlation between the safranal content obtained by UV-vis and HPLC-DAD. An over-estimation in the UV-vis experiment was observed, which was related to the cis-crocetin esters content, as well as other compounds. The results demonstrated that there was no relationship between ISO quality categories and safranal content using HPLC-DAD. Therefore, HPLC-DAD might be preferable to UV-vis for determining the safranal content and the classification of saffron for commercial purposes. In addition, HPLC-DAD was adequate for determining the three foremost parameters that define the quality of saffron (crocetin esters, picrocrocin and safranal); therefore, this approach could be included in the ISO 3632 method (2011).

  17. Optical spectroscopic and reverse-phase HPLC analyses of Hg(II) binding to phytochelatins.

    PubMed Central

    Mehra, R K; Miclat, J; Kodati, V R; Abdullah, R; Hunter, T C; Mulchandani, P

    1996-01-01

    Optical spectroscopy and reverse-phase HPLC were used to investigate the binding of Hg(II) to plant metal-binding peptides (phytochelatins) with the structure (gammaGlu-Cys)2Gly, (gammaGlu-Cys)3Gly and (gammaGlu-Cys)4Gly. Glutathione-mediated transfer of Hg(II) into phytochelatins and the transfer of the metal ion from one phytochelatin to another was also studied using reverse-phase HPLC. The saturation of Hg(II)-induced bands in the UV/visible and CD spectra of (gammaGlu-Cys)2Gly suggested the formation of a single Hg(II)-binding species of this peptide with a stoichiometry of one metal ion per peptide molecule. The separation of apo-(gammaGlu-Cys)2Gly from its Hg(II) derivative on a C18 reverse-phase column also indicated the same metal-binding stoichiometry. The UV/visible spectra of both (gammaGlu-Cys)3Gly and (gammaGlu-Cys)4Gly at pH 7.4 showed distinct shoulders in the ligand-to-metal charge-transfer region at 280-290 mm. Two distinct Hg(II)-binding species, occurring at metal-binding stoichiometries of around 1.25 and 2.0 Hg(II) ions per peptide molecule, were observed for (gammaGlu-Cys)3Gly. These species exhibited specific spectral features in the charge-transfer region and were separable by HPLC. Similarly, two main Hg(II)-binding species of (gammaGlu-Cys)4Gly were observed by UV/visible and CD spectroscopy at metal-binding stoichiometries of around 1.25 and 2.5 respectively. Only a single peak of Hg(II)-(gammaGlu-Cys)4Gly complexes was resolved under the conditions used for HPLC. The overall Hg(II)-binding stoichiometries of phytochelatins were similar at pH 2.0 and at pH 7.4, indicating that pH did not influence the final Hg(II)-binding capacity of these peptides. The reverse-phase HPLC assays indicated a rapid transfer of Hg(II) from glutathione to phytochelatins. These assays also demonstrated a facile transfer of the metal ion from shorter- to longer-chain phytochelatins. The strength of Hg(II) binding to glutathione and phytochelatins followed the

  18. Simultaneous determination of DTPA, EDTA, and NTA by UV-visible spectrometry and HPLC.

    PubMed

    Laine, Pirita; Matilainen, Rose

    2005-08-01

    In this study, UV-visible spectrophotometry (UV-Vis) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used for simultaneous analysis of chelating agents diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), and nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), as their metal chelates in dishwashing detergents, natural waters, and pulp mill water. The total amounts of the chelating agents in dishwashing detergents were verified by potentiometric titration with Fe(III) solution. Nickel(II) chelates were determined by UV-Vis and iron(III)chelates by HPLC and titration. Recoveries of DTPA, EDTA, and NTA from a standard mixture of analytes by UV-Vis were 107+/-7, 101+/-12 and 94+/-13%, respectively, and the recovery of the total amount of complexing agents was 99+/-4%. The limits of detection for DTPA, EDTA, and NTA were 667, 324, and 739 micromol L(-1), respectively. In HPLC measurements the optimized mobile phase contained 0.03 mol L(-1) sodium acetate, 0.002 mol L(-1) tetrabutylammonium bromide, and 5% methanol at pH 3.15 and the detection was by UV-Vis detection at 254 nm. All three complexing agents could be separated from each other in a simultaneous analysis in less than 5 min. The limits of detection were 0.34, 0.27, and 0.62 micromol L(-1) for DTPA, EDTA, and NTA, respectively. The total amounts of the analytes measured in the dishwashing detergents by the three techniques were found to be highly comparable (ANOVA: F=0.04, P=0.96). R(2) values were 0.99 for EDTA, 0.99 for NTA, and 0.99 for all the results when UV-Vis and HPLC determinations were compared using regression lines. The UV-Vis and HPLC methods were proved to be viable also for analyses of natural and pulp mill waters. The absence of matrix interferences was verified by the standard addition technique.

  19. Exploring the in vitro formation of trimethylarsine sulfide from dimethylthioarsinic acid in anaerobic microflora of mouse cecum using HPLC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS

    SciTech Connect

    Kubachka, Kevin M.; Kohan, Michael C.; Herbin-Davis, Karen; Creed, John T. Thomas, David J.

    2009-09-01

    Although metabolism of arsenicals to form methylated oxoarsenical species has been extensively studied, less is known about the formation of thiolated arsenical species that have recently been detected as urinary metabolites. Indeed, their presence suggests that the metabolism of ingested arsenic is more complex than previously thought. Recent reports have shown that thiolated arsenicals can be produced by the anaerobic microflora of the mouse cecum, suggesting that metabolism prior to systemic absorption may be a significant determinant of the pattern and extent of exposure to various arsenic-containing species. Here, we examined the metabolism of {sup 34}S labeled dimethylthioarsinic acid ({sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V}) by the anaerobic microflora of the mouse cecum using HPLC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS/MS to monitor for the presence of various oxo- and thioarsenicals. The use of isotopically enriched {sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V} made it possible to differentiate among potential metabolic pathways for production of the trimethylarsine sulfide (TMAS{sup V}). Upon in vitro incubation in an assay containing anaerobic microflora of mouse cecum, {sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V} underwent several transformations. Labile {sup 34}S was exchanged with more abundant {sup 32}S to produce {sup 32}S-DMTA{sup V}, a thiol group was added to yield DMDTA{sup V}, and a methyl group was added to yield {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V}. Because incubation of {sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V} resulted in the formation of {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V}, the pathway for its formation must preserve the arsenic-sulfur bond. The alternative metabolic pathway postulated for formation of TMAS{sup V} from dimethylarsinic acid (DMA{sup V}) would proceed via a dimethylarsinous acid (DMA{sup III}) intermediate and would necessitate the loss of {sup 34}S label. Structural confirmation of the metabolic product was achieved using HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. The data presented support the direct methylation of DMTA{sup V} to TMAS{sup V}. Additionally, the detection of

  20. Screening and Identifying Antioxidative Components in Ginkgo biloba Pollen by DPPH-HPLC-PAD Coupled with HPLC-ESI-MS2.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Jiying; Chen, Xiangyan; Netrusov, A I; Zhou, Qingxin; Guo, Danyang; Liu, Xiaoyong; He, Hailun; Xin, Xue; Wang, Yifen; Chen, Leilei

    2017-01-01

    The Ginkgo biloba is one of ancient trees that exists from billions of years ago, its leaf and nut are used as herbs and foods in China, while so far its pollen does not have any application except pollination. In order to evaluate the antioxidant activity of Ginkgo biloba pollen, and rapidly screen its antioxidative components, the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging ability, total flavonoid, total phenol, and proanthocyanidin of Ginkgo biloba pollen were determined and compared with those of Ginkgo biloba leaf and nut, and the off-line DPPH-HPLC-PAD and HPLC-ESI-MS2 were applied for screening and identifying the antioxidant flavonoids in Ginkgo biloba pollen. The results showed that the DPPH scavenging ability of Ginkgo biloba pollen was much higher than Ginkgo biloba nut, but lower than Ginkgo biloba leaf, while the total content of flavonoid in Ginkgo biloba pollen was approximately 4.37 times higher than in Ginkgo biloba leaf. Further studies found that the major flavonol aglycone in Ginkgo biloba pollen was kaempferol, which accounted for 96.71% of the total aglycones (includes quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin), and the main flavonoid components in Ginkgo biloba pollen were flavonoid glycosides. Finally, ten antioxidant peaks were screened and identified to be flavonoids (including kaempferol and nine flavonoid glycosides), so flavonoids were likely to be the main antioxidant components in GP, and among them, three novel kaempferol glycosides (peaks 1, 2, and 3) were found in Ginkgo biloba pollen for the first time, which had never been found in Ginkgo biloba.

  1. Screening and Identifying Antioxidative Components in Ginkgo biloba Pollen by DPPH-HPLC-PAD Coupled with HPLC-ESI-MS2

    PubMed Central

    Netrusov, A. I.; Zhou, Qingxin; Guo, Danyang; Liu, Xiaoyong; He, Hailun; Xin, Xue; Wang, Yifen; Chen, Leilei

    2017-01-01

    The Ginkgo biloba is one of ancient trees that exists from billions of years ago, its leaf and nut are used as herbs and foods in China, while so far its pollen does not have any application except pollination. In order to evaluate the antioxidant activity of Ginkgo biloba pollen, and rapidly screen its antioxidative components, the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging ability, total flavonoid, total phenol, and proanthocyanidin of Ginkgo biloba pollen were determined and compared with those of Ginkgo biloba leaf and nut, and the off-line DPPH-HPLC-PAD and HPLC-ESI-MS2 were applied for screening and identifying the antioxidant flavonoids in Ginkgo biloba pollen. The results showed that the DPPH scavenging ability of Ginkgo biloba pollen was much higher than Ginkgo biloba nut, but lower than Ginkgo biloba leaf, while the total content of flavonoid in Ginkgo biloba pollen was approximately 4.37 times higher than in Ginkgo biloba leaf. Further studies found that the major flavonol aglycone in Ginkgo biloba pollen was kaempferol, which accounted for 96.71% of the total aglycones (includes quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin), and the main flavonoid components in Ginkgo biloba pollen were flavonoid glycosides. Finally, ten antioxidant peaks were screened and identified to be flavonoids (including kaempferol and nine flavonoid glycosides), so flavonoids were likely to be the main antioxidant components in GP, and among them, three novel kaempferol glycosides (peaks 1, 2, and 3) were found in Ginkgo biloba pollen for the first time, which had never been found in Ginkgo biloba. PMID:28095510

  2. The metabolism of 4-bromoaniline in the bile-cannulated rat: application of ICPMS (79/81Br), HPLC-ICPMS & HPLC-oaTOFMS

    PubMed Central

    Duckett, Catherine; McCullagh, Michael; Smith, Christopher; Wilson, Ian D

    2015-01-01

    Abstract 1. An excretion balance study was performed following i.p. administration of 4-bromoaniline (50 mg kg−1) to bile-cannulated rats, using bromine-detected (79/81Br) ICPMS for quantification. Approximately 90% of the dose was recovered in urine (68.9 ± 3.6%) and bile (21.4 ± 1.4%) by 48 h post-administration. 2. HPLC-ICPMS (79/81Br) was used to selectively detect and profile the major urinary and biliary-excreted metabolites and determined that the 0–12 h urine contained at least 21 brominated metabolites with 19 bromine-containing peaks observed in the 6–12 h bile samples. 3. The urinary and biliary metabolites were subsequently profiled using HPLC-oaTOFMS. By exploiting the distinctive bromine isotope pattern ca. 60 brominated metabolites were detected in the urine in negative electrospray ionisation (ESI) mode while bile contained ca. 21. 4. While a large number of bromine-containing metabolites were detected, the profiles were dominated by a few major components with the bulk of the 4-bromoaniline-related material in urine accounted for by 4-bromoanaline O-sulfate (∼75% of the total by ICPMS, 84% by TOFMS). In bile a hydroxylated N-acetyl compound was the major metabolite detected, forming some ∼65% of the 4-bromoaniline-related material by ICPMS (37% by TOFMS). PMID:25837688

  3. A rapid and reliable technique for N-nitrosodimethylamine analysis in reclaimed water by HPLC-photochemical reaction-chemiluminescence.

    PubMed

    Fujioka, Takahiro; Takeuchi, Haruka; Tanaka, Hiroaki; Nghiem, Long D; Ishida, Kenneth P; Kodamatani, Hitoshi

    2016-10-01

    A fast and reliable analytical technique was evaluated and validated for determination of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) formation and rejection by reverse osmosis (RO) membranes in potable water reuse applications. The analytical instrument used in this study is high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), photochemical reaction (PR) and chemiluminescence (CL) - namely HPLC-PR-CL. Results reported here show that HPLC-PR-CL can be used to measure NDMA with a similar level of accuracy compared to conventional and more time-consuming techniques using gas chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry detection in combination with solid phase extraction. Among key residual chemicals (i.e. monochloramine, hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorite) in reclaimed wastewater, hypochlorite was the only constituent that interfered with the determination of NDMA by HPLC-PR-CL. However, hypochlorite interference was eliminated by adding ascorbic acid as a reducing agent. Direct injection of ultrafiltration (UF)-treated wastewater samples into HPLC-PR-CL also resulted in an underestimation of the NDMA concentration possibly due to interference by organic substances in the UF-treated wastewater. Accurate determination of NDMA concentrations in UF-treated wastewater was achieved by reducing the sample injection volume from 200 to 20 μL, though this increased the method detection limit from 0.2 to 2 ng/L. In contrast, no interference was observed with RO permeate. These results suggest that RO membranes could remove part of substances that interfere with the NDMA analysis by HPLC-PR-CL. In addition, RO treatment experiments demonstrated that HPLC-PR-CL was capable of evaluating near real-time variation in NDMA rejection by RO.

  4. Aflatoxins contamination in Pakistani brown rice: a comparison of TLC, HPLC, LC-MS/MS and ELISA techniques.

    PubMed

    Iqbal, Javed; Asghar, Muhammad Asif; Ahmed, Aftab; Khan, Mobeen Ahmed; Jamil, Khalid

    2014-12-01

    Advancement in the field of analytical food-chemistry has explored various experimental techniques for aflatoxins (AFs) quantification. The present study was aimed to compare four different techniques; thin-layer chromatography (TLC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the analysis of aflatoxin B₁ (AFB₁), B₂ (AFB₂), G₁ (AFG₁) and G₂ (AFG₂) in brown rice (n = 120) being collected from Karachi, Pakistan. All the four assays provide precised, accurate and comparable results. However, some differences were observed. For instance, TLC, HPLC and LC-MS/MS methodologies offered the advantage of the quantification of individual toxins in contrast to ELISA technique. The contamination ranges of AFB₁/AFB₂ as determined by TLC, HPLC and LC-MS/MS were 1.18-9.97/0.59-1.52, 0.16-10.54/0.26-1.35 and 0.11-10.88/0.38-1.48 µg/kg, respectively. However, AFG₁ and AFG₂ were not detected in any tested samples. Furthermore, owing to low-detection limit and sensitivity, HPLC and LC-MS/MS methodologies have identified greater number of contaminated samples in comparison to TLC and ELISA techniques. The overall average results of total AFs as provided by HPLC (3.79 µg/kg) and LC-MS/MS (3.89 µg/kg) were found higher in comparison to TLC (3.68 µg/kg) and ELISA (3.70 µg/kg). On the basis of achieved results, it was concluded that TLC, HPLC, LC-MS/MS and ELISA techniques are valuable tool for the quantification of AFs in cereals and grains. Furthermore, HPLC and LC-MS/MS techniques offer an added advantage for the detection of AFs in diminutive levels.

  5. Mixed-mode reversed-phase and ion-exchange monolithic columns for micro-HPLC.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Zhengjin; Smith, Norman W; Ferguson, Paul D; Taylor, Mark R

    2008-08-01

    This paper describes the fabrication of RP/ion-exchange mixed-mode monolithic materials for capillary LC. Following deactivation of the capillary surface with 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate (gamma-MAPS), monoliths were formed by copolymerisation of pentaerythritol diacrylate monostearate (PEDAS), 2-sulphoethyl methacrylate (SEMA) with/without ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA) within 100 microm id capillaries. In order to investigate the porous properties of the monoliths prepared in our laboratory, mercury intrusion porosimetry, SEM and micro-HPLC were used to measure the monolithic structures. The monolithic columns prepared without EDMA showed bad mechanical stability at high pressure, which is undesirable for micro-HPLC applications. However, it was observed that the small amount (5% w/w) of EDMA clearly improved the mechanical stability of the monoliths. In order to evaluate their application for micro-HPLC, a range of neutral, acidic and basic compounds was separated with these capillaries and satisfactory separations were obtained. In order to further investigate the separation mechanism of these monolithic columns, comparative studies were carried out on the poly(PEDAS-co-SEMA) monolithic column and two other monoliths, poly(PEDAS) and poly(PEDAS-co-2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl-trimethylammonium methylsulphate (METAM)). As expected, different selectivities were observed for the separation of basic compounds on all three monolithic columns using the same separation conditions. The mobile phase pH also showed clear influence on the retention time of basic compounds. This could be explained by ion-exchange interaction between positively charged analytes and the negatively charged sulphate group.

  6. Determination and validation of six sunscreen agents in suncare products by UPLC and HPLC.

    PubMed

    Lee, So-Mi; Jeong, Hye-Jin; Chang, Ih Seop

    2008-01-01

    Methylene bis-benzotriazolyl tetramethyl butylphenol and bis-ethylhexyloxy phenol methoxyphenyl triazine are sunscreen agents that have hydrophobic behaviors in common. They were not normally assayed with the following four sunscreen agents that have hydrophilic behaviors in a single chromatographic run: ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, isoamyl p-methoxycinnamate, ethylhexyl salicylate, and ethylhexyl triazone. For that reason, methylene bis-benzotriazolyl tetramethyl butylphenol and bis-ethylhexyloxy phenol methoxyphenyl triazine require much time in order to assay products with those materials. A rapid, selective, and reproducible determination method needs to be developed for the simultaneous examination of methylene bis-benzotriazolyl tetramethyl butylphenol and bis-ethylhexyloxy phenol methoxyphenyl triazine with the sunscreen agents, ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, isoamyl p-methoxycinnamate, ethylhexyl salicylate, and ethylhexyl triazone. This new technique could reduce time in examining the sunscreen agents and be effective for quality control of suncare products. In this paper, the HPLC and UPLC system is used for developing the determination of the sunscreen agents. Several evaluations of some mixtures of eluents and columns were obtained for the optimal condition of separation. In HPLC, the optimal peak resolution was obtained through ethanol-water gradient elution and a 75-mm C18 column with a 3.5-microm-sized particle on a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. In UPLC, the most distinctive peak resolution was obtained through methanol-water gradient elution and a 50-mm C18 column with a 1.7-microm-sized particle on a flow rate 0.4 ml/min. Both of those chromatographic determination methods could be used in the examination of six types of sunscreen agents without any interference from other product excipients in the agents. The proposed determination methods were validated for specificity, linearity, repeatability, system stability, intermediate precision, and accuracy

  7. The Second SeaWiFS HPLC Analysis Round-Robin Experiment (SeaHARRE-2)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Eight international laboratories specializing in the determination of marine pigment concentrations using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were intercompared using in situ samples and a variety of laboratory standards. The field samples were collected primarily from eutrophic waters, although mesotrophic waters were also sampled to create a dynamic range in chlorophyll concentration spanning approximately two orders of magnitude (0.3 25.8 mg m-3). The intercomparisons were used to establish the following: a) the uncertainties in quantitating individual pigments and higher-order variables (sums, ratios, and indices); b) an evaluation of spectrophotometric versus HPLC uncertainties in the determination of total chlorophyll a; and c) the reduction in uncertainties as a result of applying quality assurance (QA) procedures associated with extraction, separation, injection, degradation, detection, calibration, and reporting (particularly limits of detection and quantitation). In addition, the remote sensing requirements for the in situ determination of total chlorophyll a were investigated to determine whether or not the average uncertainty for this measurement is being satisfied. The culmination of the activity was a validation of the round-robin methodology plus the development of the requirements for validating an individual HPLC method. The validation process includes the measurements required to initially demonstrate a pigment is validated, and the measurements that must be made during sample analysis to confirm a method remains validated. The so-called performance-based metrics developed here describe a set of thresholds for a variety of easily-measured parameters with a corresponding set of performance categories. The aggregate set of performance parameters and categories establish a) the overall performance capability of the method, and b) whether or not the capability is consistent with the required accuracy objectives.

  8. A lectin HPLC method to enrich selectively-glycosylated peptides from complex biological samples.

    PubMed

    Johansen, Eric; Schilling, Birgit; Lerch, Michael; Niles, Richard K; Liu, Haichuan; Li, Bensheng; Allen, Simon; Hall, Steven C; Witkowska, H Ewa; Regnier, Fred E; Gibson, Bradford W; Fisher, Susan J; Drake, Penelope M

    2009-10-01

    Glycans are an important class of post-translational modifications. Typically found on secreted and extracellular molecules, glycan structures signal the internal status of the cell. Glycans on tumor cells tend to have abundant sialic acid and fucose moieties. We propose that these cancer-associated glycan variants be exploited for biomarker development aimed at diagnosing early-stage disease. Accordingly, we developed a mass spectrometry-based workflow that incorporates chromatography on affinity matrices formed from lectins, proteins that bind specific glycan structures. The lectins Sambucus nigra (SNA) and Aleuria aurantia (AAL), which bind sialic acid and fucose, respectively, were covalently coupled to POROS beads (Applied Biosystems) and packed into PEEK columns for high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). Briefly, plasma was depleted of the fourteen most abundant proteins using a multiple affinity removal system (MARS-14; Agilent). Depleted plasma was trypsin-digested and separated into flow-through and bound fractions by SNA or AAL HPLC. The fractions were treated with PNGaseF to remove N-linked glycans, and analyzed by LC-MS/MS on a QStar Elite. Data were analyzed using Mascot software. The experimental design included positive controls-fucosylated and sialylated human lactoferrin glycopeptides-and negative controls-high mannose glycopeptides from Saccharomyces cerevisiae-that were used to monitor the specificity of lectin capture. Key features of this workflow include the reproducibility derived from the HPLC format, the positive identification of the captured and PNGaseF-treated glycopeptides from their deamidated Asn-Xxx-Ser/Thr motifs, and quality assessment using glycoprotein standards. Protocol optimization also included determining the appropriate ratio of starting material to column capacity, identifying the most efficient capture and elution buffers, and monitoring the PNGaseF-treatment to ensure full deglycosylation. Future directions include

  9. Gradient HPLC-DAD determination of paracetamol, phenylephrine hydrochloride, cetirizine in tablet formulation.

    PubMed

    Dewani, A P; Shelke, P G; Bakal, R L; Jaybhaye, S S; Chandewar, A V; Patra, S

    2014-05-01

    Present work describes the development and validation of a simple and reliable high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) procedure for the analysis of phenylephrine hydrochloride (PHE), paracetamol (PAR) and cetirizine dihydrochloride (CET), in pharmaceutical mixture. The method was applied successfully on tablet dosage form. Effective chromatographic separation of PHE, PAR and CET was achieved using a Kinetex-C18 (4.6, 150 mm, 5 mm) column with gradient elution of the mobile phase composed of 10 mM phosphate buffer (pH 3.3) and acetonitrile. The elution was a 3 step gradient elution program step-1 started initially with 2% (by volume) acetonitrile and 98% phosphate buffer (pH 3.3) for first 2 min. In step-2 acetonitrile concentration changed linearly to 20% upto 12 min the analysis was concluded by step-3 changing acetonitrile to 2% upto 20 min. The reliability and analytical performance of the proposed HPLC procedure were statistically validated with respect to linearity, ranges, precision, accuracy, selectivity and robustness. Calibration curves were linear in the ranges 5-15, 250-750 and 2.5-7.5 μg/ml for PHE, PAR and CET, with correlation coefficients >0.9996. The validated HPLC method was applied to a pharmaceutical mixture of a marketed preparation tablet in which the analytes were successfully quantified with good recovery values with no interfering peaks from the excipents.

  10. Identification of chemical markers in Cordyceps sinensis by HPLC-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Hu, Hankun; Xiao, Ling; Zheng, Baogen; Wei, Xin; Ellis, Alexis; Liu, Yi-Ming

    2015-10-01

    Authentication and quality assessment of Cordyceps sinensis, a precious and pricey natural product that offers a variety of health benefits, is highly significant. To identify effective chemical markers, authentic C. sinensis was thoroughly screened by using HPLC-MS/MS. In addition to many previously reported ingredients, two glycosides, i.e., cyclo-Ala-Leu-rhamnose and Phe-o-glucose, were detected for the first time in this material. Six ingredients detected, including cordycepin, D-mannitol, Phe, Phe-o-glucose, cyclo-Gly-Pro, and cyclo-Ala-Leu-rhamnose, were selected as a collection of chemical markers. An HPLC-MS/MS method was developed to simultaneously quantify them with sensitivity and specificity. The method had limits of detection ranging from 0.008 μg mL(-1) for cordycepin to 0.75 μg mL(-1) for cyclo-Gly-Pro. Recovery was found between 96 and 103 % in all tests. To evaluate the effectiveness of the marker collection proposed, five authentic C. sinensis samples and five samples of its substitutes were analyzed. Cordycepin, D-mannitol, and Phe were found present in all samples. The contents ranged from 0.0076 to 0.029 % (w/w) for cordycepin, 0.33 to 18.9 % for mannitol, and 0.0013 to 0.642 % for Phe. Interestingly, the two glycosides, Phe-o-glucose and cyclo-Ala-Leu-rhamnose, were detected only in authentic C. sinensis samples. These results indicated that the proposed protocol based on HPLC-MS/MS quantification of the markers might have a great potential in authentication and quality assessment of C. sinensis. Graphical abstract Chemical markers of C. sinensis identified in this work.

  11. Determination of log P values of new cyclen based antimalarial drug leads using RP-HPLC.

    PubMed

    Rudraraju, A V; Amoyaw, P N A; Hubin, T J; Khan, M O F

    2014-09-01

    Lipophilicity, expressed by log P, is an important physicochemical property of drugs that affects many biological processes, including drug absorption and distribution. The main purpose of this study to determine the log P values of newly discovered drug leads using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The reference standards, with varying polarity ranges, were dissolved in methanol and analyzed by RP-HPLC using a C18 column. The mobile phase consisted of a mixture of acetonitrile, methanol and water in a gradient elution mode. A calibration curve was plotted between the experimental log P values and obtained log k values of the reference standard compounds and a best fit line was obtained. The log k values of the new drug leads were determined in the same solvent system and were used to calculate the respective log P values by using the best fit equation. The log P vs. log k data gave a best fit linear curve that had an R2 of 0.9786 with Pvalues of the intercept and slope of 1.19 x 10(-6) and 1.56 x 10(-10), respectively, at 0.05 level of significance. Log P values of 15 new drug leads and related compounds, all of which are derivatives of macrocyclic polyamines and their metal complexes, were determined. The values obtained are closely related to the calculated log P (Clog P) values using ChemDraw Ultra 12.0. This experiment provided efficient, fast and reasonable estimates of log P values of the new drug leads by using RP-HPLC.

  12. Atropisomeric determination of chiral hydroxylated metabolites of polychlorinated biphenyls using HPLC-MS

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a group of environmental persistent organic pollutants, which can be metabolized into a series of metabolites, including hydroxylated metabolites (OH-PCBs) in biota. Nineteen of 209 PCB congeners can form chiral stable isomers. However, atropisomeric determination of the hydroxylated metabolites of these chiral PCBs has never been reported by LC methods. In this work, a novel HPLC-MS method was developed to detect five chiral OH-PCBs (4OH-PCB91, 5OH-PCB91, 4OH-PCB95, 5OH-PCB95 and 5OH-PCB149) using HPLC-MS without a derivatization step. Results The influences of column-type, column temperature, flow rate and ratio of the mobile phase on the atropisomeric separation were investigated in detail. In the final method, calibration curves, based on peak areas against concentration, were linear in a range of 1–100 ng mL-1 of five chiral OH-PCBs with correlation coefficients ranging from 0.9996 to 0.9999 for all atropisomers of OH-PCBs. The relative standard deviations measured at the 10.0 ng mL-1 level for atropisomers of five chiral OH-PCBs were in the range of 0.60-7.55% (n = 5). Calculated detection limits (S/N = 3) of five chiral OH-PCBs were between 0.31 and 0.60 ng mL-1 for all OH-PCB atropisomers. Conclusion This HPLC-MS method was developed to detect chiral OH-PCBs and further successfully applied to measure OH-PCB atropisomer levels and enantiomeric fractions (EFs) in rat liver microsomal samples. The results from LC-MS method were highly consistent with those from GC-ECD method. It is the first time to report these OH-PCB atropisomers detected in microsomes by HPLC-MS. The proposed method might be applied also to detect chiral OH-PCBs in environmental samples and for metabolites of PCBs in vivo. PMID:24360245

  13. Design and Prototype of an Automated Column-Switching HPLC System for Radiometabolite Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Vasdev, Neil; Collier, Thomas Lee

    2016-01-01

    Column-switching high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is extensively used for the critical analysis of radiolabeled ligands and their metabolites in plasma. However, the lack of streamlined apparatus and consequently varying protocols remain as a challenge among positron emission tomography laboratories. We report here the prototype apparatus and implementation of a fully automated and simplified column-switching procedure to allow for the easy and automated determination of radioligands and their metabolites in up to 5 mL of plasma. The system has been used with conventional UV and coincidence radiation detectors, as well as with a single quadrupole mass spectrometer. PMID:27548189

  14. Hydrocarbon groups type analysis of petroleum products by HPLC on specific stationary phases

    SciTech Connect

    Felix, G.; Thoumazeau, E.; Colin, J.M.; Vion, G.

    1987-01-01

    The hydrocarbon group types analysis of a large number of petroleum products by HPLC equipped with columns of suitable selectivity is described. An effective approach to the factors influencing the specificity of the columns was developed and stationary phases were synthetised in function of the products to be separated. All new phases were characterized by elemental, /sup 29/Si and /sup 13/C NMR analyses. The potentialities of these phases were illustrated by analysis of selected samples either of fundamental or of industrial interest.

  15. Determination of the design space of the HPLC analysis of water-soluble vitamins.

    PubMed

    Wagdy, Hebatallah A; Hanafi, Rasha S; El-Nashar, Rasha M; Aboul-Enein, Hassan Y

    2013-06-01

    Analysis of water-soluble vitamins has been tremendously approached through the last decades. A multitude of HPLC methods have been reported with a variety of advantages/shortcomings, yet, the design space of HPLC analysis of these vitamins was not defined in any of these reports. As per the food and drug administration (FDA), implementing the quality by design approach for the analysis of commercially available mixtures is hypothesized to enhance the pharmaceutical industry via facilitating the process of analytical method development and approval. This work illustrates a multifactorial optimization of three measured plus seven calculated influential HPLC parameters on the analysis of a mixture containing seven common water-soluble vitamins (B1, B2, B6, B12, C, PABA, and PP). These three measured parameters are gradient time, temperature, and ternary eluent composition (B1/B2) and the seven calculated parameters are flow rate, column length, column internal diameter, dwell volume, extracolumn volume, %B (start), and %B (end). The design is based on 12 experiments in which, examining of the multifactorial effects of these 3 + 7 parameters on the critical resolution and selectivity, was carried out by systematical variation of all these parameters simultaneously. The 12 basic runs were based on two different gradient time each at two different temperatures, repeated at three different ternary eluent compositions (methanol or acetonitrile or a mixture of both). Multidimensional robust regions of high critical R(s) were defined and graphically verified. The optimum method was selected based on the best resolution separation in the shortest run time for a synthetic mixture, followed by application on two pharmaceutical preparations available in the market. The predicted retention times of all peaks were found to be in good match with the virtual ones. In conclusion, the presented report offers an accurate determination of the design space for critical resolution in the

  16. Regularities of Anthocyanins Retention in RP HPLC for “Water–Acetonitrile–Phosphoric Acid” Mobile Phases

    PubMed Central

    Deineka, V. I.; Deineka, L. A.; Saenko, I. I.

    2015-01-01

    The influence of exchange of HCOOH (System 2) by phosphoric acid (System 1) for acidification of the “acetonitrile–water” mobile phases for reversed-phase HPLC of anthocyanins was investigated in the framework of relative retention analysis. The differences and similarities of anthocyanins separation were revealed. It has been shown that some common features of the quantitative relationships may be used for preliminary anthocyanins structure differentiation, according to the number of OH-groups in anthocyanidin backbone as well as to a number of saccharide molecules in glycoside radicals in position 3 of the anthocyanin without MS detection. PMID:25692073

  17. Tannin analysis of chestnut bark samples (Castanea sativa Mill.) by HPLC-DAD-MS.

    PubMed

    Comandini, Patrizia; Lerma-García, María Jesús; Simó-Alfonso, Ernesto Francisco; Toschi, Tullia Gallina

    2014-08-15

    In the present investigation, an HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS method for the complete analysis of tannins and other phenolic compounds of different commercial chestnut bark samples was developed. A total of seven compounds (vescalin, castalin, gallic acid, vescalagin, 1-O-galloyl castalagin, castalagin and ellagic acid) were separated and quantified, being 1-O-galloyl castalagin tentatively identified and found for the first time in chestnut bark samples. Thus, this method provided information regarding the composition and quality of chestnut bark samples, which is required since these samples are commercialised due to their biochemical properties as ingredients of food supplements.

  18. HPLC-UV determination of metformin in human plasma for application in pharmacokinetics and bioequivalence studies.

    PubMed

    Porta, Valentina; Schramm, Simone Grigoleto; Kano, Eunice Kazue; Koono, Eunice Emiko; Armando, Yara Popst; Fukuda, Kazuo; Serra, Cristina Helena Dos Reis

    2008-01-07

    In this study, a simple, rapid and sensitive HPLC method with UV detection is described for determination of metformin in plasma samples from bioequivalence assays. Sample preparation was accomplished through protein precipitation with acetonitrile and chromatographic separation was performed on a reversed-phase phenyl column at 40 degrees C. Mobile phase consisted of a mixture of phosphate buffer and acetonitrile at flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. Wavelength was set at 236 nm. The method was applied to a bioequivalence study of two drug products containing metformin, and allowed determination of metformin at low concentrations with a higher throughput than previously described methods.

  19. A comparative study for PSP toxins quantification by using MBA and HPLC official methods in shellfish.

    PubMed

    Ben-Gigirey, B; Rodríguez-Velasco, M L; Otero, A; Vieites, J M; Cabado, A G

    2012-10-01

    Commission Regulation (EC) N° 2074/2005 recognises the biological method as the reference method for Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) toxins detection in molluscs. It was amended by Commission Regulation (EC) N° 1664/2006 that accepted the so-called Lawrence method as an alternative to the reference method. The goal of this study was to compare AOAC Official Methods of Analysis 959.08 (Biological method) and 2005.06 (Prechromatographic Oxidation and Liquid Chromatography with fluorescence detection) in samples with different toxin profiles. The influence of extraction solvent in the total samples toxicity was also evaluated. A total of 40 samples including mussels, clams, scallops, razor-clams, cockles, oysters and barnacles were analysed by both official methods. Samples were selected with Alexandrium and Gymnodinium toxic profiles, from different origin and including several presentations: fresh, frozen, canned and boiled. Acetic and hydrochloric acid extractions were performed in all samples and the extracts were simultaneously analysed by both methods. Most samples were naturally contaminated and two samples were spiked. Comparison of both official methods, mouse bioassay (MBA) with HCl extraction and Liquid Chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) with acetic acid extraction, led to an 85% of consistent results regarding compliance with legal limit, including samples below and above it. The linear correlation coefficient was r² = 0.69 and the paired t test (two tails, α = 0.05) indicated that there were not significant differences among both sets of data. Nevertheless, toxicity differences were found in several samples. In 15 out of 18 shellfish with a Gymnodinium toxic profile, higher toxicity levels were obtained by MBA. This fact was more evident in 7 samples, partially related to the lack of standards and the impossibility of analysing dc-NEO, C1, 2 and GTX6 at the beginning of the study. However, other factors concerning the extraction

  20. HPLC-DAD determination of CNS-acting drugs in human blood, plasma, and serum.

    PubMed

    Moreno, Ana María Jiménez; Navas, María José; Asuero, Agustín G

    2014-01-01

    This is a review of the literature regarding high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) procedures for the detection and determination of several categories of central nervous system-acting drugs in blood, plasma, or serum samples. Psychiatric and neurological drugs, such as antidepressants, benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, antiepileptics, and antiparkinsonians, have been included because of their relevance to therapeutic drug monitoring and systematic toxicological analysis. Articles published between 2000 and January 2012 have been taken into consideration. This review has focused on methodological approaches, sample pretreatment techniques, and other practical aspects.

  1. Measurement of oxidized and methylated DNA bases by HPLC with electrochemical detection.

    PubMed

    Kaur, H; Halliwell, B

    1996-08-15

    Oxidative DNA damage is thought to be an important contributor to cancer development and to be affected by dietary constituents, so its accurate measurement is important. DNA methylation is recognized as an important mechanism affecting gene expression. In the present paper we describe an HPLC-with-electrochemical-detection procedure that allows rapid and sensitive measurement of four oxidized (2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-formamidopyrimidine, 5-hydroxyuracil, 8-hydroxyguanine, 8-hydroxyadenine) and three methylated (7-methylguanine, 1-methylguanine, O6-methylguanine) bases in acid hydrolysates of DNA. Guanine was also detected, but was clearly separated from the other bases.

  2. Reversed-phase HPLC method for the estimation of acetaminophen, ibuprofen and chlorzoxazone in formulations.

    PubMed

    Ravisankar, S; Vasudevan, M; Gandhimathi, M; Suresh, B

    1998-08-01

    A simple, precise and rapid reversed-phase HPLC method was developed for the simultaneous estimation of acetaminophen, ibuprofen and chlorzoxazone in formulations. The method was carried out on a Kromasil(R) C(8) column using a mixture of 0.2% triethylamine:acetonitrile (adjusted to pH 3.2 using dilute orthophosphoric acid), and detection was carried out at 215 nm using ketoprofen as internal standard. All these drugs showed linearity in the range of 2-10 mug ml(-1), and limits of quantification was found to be 10, 50 and 20 ng ml(-1) for acetaminophen, ibuprofen and chlorzoxazone, respectively.

  3. Design and Prototype of an Automated Column-Switching HPLC System for Radiometabolite Analysis.

    PubMed

    Vasdev, Neil; Collier, Thomas Lee

    2016-08-17

    Column-switching high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is extensively used for the critical analysis of radiolabeled ligands and their metabolites in plasma. However, the lack of streamlined apparatus and consequently varying protocols remain as a challenge among positron emission tomography laboratories. We report here the prototype apparatus and implementation of a fully automated and simplified column-switching procedure to allow for the easy and automated determination of radioligands and their metabolites in up to 5 mL of plasma. The system has been used with conventional UV and coincidence radiation detectors, as well as with a single quadrupole mass spectrometer.

  4. Determination of the Scoville Heat Value for Hot Sauces and Chilies: An HPLC Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batchelor, James D.; Jones, Bradley T.

    2000-02-01

    A laboratory experiment for a junior- or senior-level college instrumental analysis course has been designed and tested. The student will isolate the capsainoids from commercial food products (chilies and sauces) using a simple extraction technique. The identity and concentration of the capsainoids are determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The concentrations are then used to determine the pungency (Scoville heat value) of the foods. Taste tests can be used to verify the relative pungency of the products. The experiment is designed to be completed in less than four hours. A letter from Paul Vorndam in our April 2000 issue addresses the above.

  5. Application of HPLC for determination of phytic acid in the colonic epithelial Caco-2 cells.

    PubMed

    Weglarz, Ludmiła; Parfiniewicz, Beata; Bat, Beata; Orchel, Arkadiusz; Dzierzewicz, Zofia; Wilczok, Tadeusz

    2004-12-01

    Phytic acid (myo-inositol hexaphosphate, IP6) is currently receiving a considerable interest because of its anticancer (preventive and therapeutic) potential against colon tumors and the need for methods of its determination. The aim of this study was to analyze the uptake of IP6 by human colon adenocarcinoma cells (Caco-2 cell line) and to evaluate the method of its intracellular quantification with the use of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique. Chromatographic analysis revealed a rapid uptake of IP6 by cells. The intracellular accumulation of IP6 was saturable at 0.5 h and it did not change with the prolongation of incubation up to 72 h.

  6. Trace analysis of volatile organic compounds in water by GC and HPLC

    SciTech Connect

    Ogawa, I.A.

    1986-08-01

    Low-molecular weight aldehydes and ketones were concentrated by a hydrophobic zeolite, ZSM-5. The carbonyl compounds (100 ppB) were desorbed with a small volume of acetonitrile and converted to the 2,4-dinitrophenyl-hydrazones. The derivatized analytes were recovered by solvent extraction (pentane) followed by microdistillation. The 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones were analyzed by reversed phase HPLC on a C/sub 18/ column at 254 nm. Good recoveries were obtained for the model compounds, except formaldehyde. The method was applied to the analysis of drinking water from Ames, IA (no aldehydes or ketones) and from Des Moines, IA (1.6 ppB butanone).

  7. HPLC-ESI-MS/MS determination of zuclopenthixol in a fatal intoxication during psychiatric therapy.

    PubMed

    Kollroser, M; Henning, G; Gatternig, R; Schober, C

    2001-12-01

    The first non-suicidal fatality due to intramuscular administration of Cisordinol (zuclopenthixol, ZPT) is described. A new, rapid, and sensitive method for the determination of ZPT in postmortem specimens has been developed. High performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) was employed for drug confirmation and quantitation. Sample clean up was performed using a simple liquid-liquid extraction procedure. The postmortem concentration of ZPT in heart blood was 0.68 microg/ml. Furthermore, zotepine, carbamazepine, and chlorprotixene were detected in body fluids. The proposed method enables the unambiguous identification and quantitation of ZPT and other neuroleptic drugs in clinical and forensic specimens.

  8. Screening of Panamanian Plant Extracts for Pesticidal Properties and HPLC-Based Identification of Active Compounds

    PubMed Central

    Guldbrandsen, Niels; De Mieri, Maria; Gupta, Mahabir; Seiser, Tobias; Wiebe, Christine; Dickhaut, Joachim; Reingruber, Rüdiger; Sorgenfrei, Oliver; Hamburger, Matthias

    2015-01-01

    A library of 600 taxonomically diverse Panamanian plant extracts was screened for fungicidal, insecticidal, and herbicidal activities. A total of 19 active extracts were submitted to HPLC-based activity profiling, and extracts of Bocconia frutescens, Miconia affinis, Myrcia splendens, Combretum aff. laxum, and Erythroxylum macrophyllum were selected for the isolation of compounds. Chelerythrine (2), macarpine (3), dihydrosanguinarine (5), and arjunolic acid (8) showed moderate-to-good fungicidal activity. Myricetin-3-O-(6’’-O-galloyl)-β-galactopyranoside (13) showed moderate insecticidal activity, but no compound with herbicidal activity was identified. PMID:26839818

  9. Analytics of the therapeutic peptide aviptadil by sheathless CE-MS and comparison with nanoRP-HPLC-MS.

    PubMed

    Gross, Peter C; Burkart, Sonja C; Müller, Rolf

    2014-01-01

    Purification and quality control of therapeutic peptides is often performed by one single method, RP-HPLC. As usage of an orthogonal technique is highly advisable for quality assurance, capillary electrophoresis (CE) employing a coated capillary coupled via a sheathless interface to a mass spectrometer was applied in parallel. The basic therapeutic peptide aviptadil served as a model substance to study the impurity profiles revealing 15 detectable impurities using CE-MS, two were detected by an appropriate nanoRP-HPLC-MS method. None of the impurities detected by CE were observed in LC and vice versa. The LOD in CE-MS was determined in the base peak electropherogram at ∼1fmol, a value 2500 times smaller than the LOD found in nanoRP-HPLC-MS (3pmol). In nanoRP-HPLC-MS only 0.2% of the extrapolated CE-MS signal for a 25ng aviptadil load was observed. We conclude that both, the LOD as well as the impurity profile of aviptadil, as analyzed by nanoRP-HPLC are influenced by both, the ligand-derivatized silica matrix and the flow-rate. Peptides may disappear completely and their variable emergence may lead to the determination of incorrect ratios as present in the sample.

  10. Quantitative lipopolysaccharide analysis using HPLC/MS/MS and its combination with the limulus amebocyte lysate assay[S

    PubMed Central

    Pais de Barros, Jean-Paul; Gautier, Thomas; Sali, Wahib; Adrie, Christophe; Choubley, Hélène; Charron, Emilie; Lalande, Caroline; Le Guern, Naig; Deckert, Valérie; Monchi, Mehran; Quenot, Jean-Pierre; Lagrost, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    Quantitation of plasma lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) might be used to document Gram-negative bacterial infection. In the present work, LPS-derived 3-hydroxymyristate was extracted from plasma samples with an organic solvent, separated by reversed phase HPLC, and quantitated by MS/MS. This mass assay was combined with the limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) bioassay to monitor neutralization of LPS activity in biological samples. The described HPLC/MS/MS method is a reliable, practical, accurate, and sensitive tool to quantitate LPS. The combination of the LAL and HPLC/MS/MS analyses provided new evidence for the intrinsic capacity of plasma lipoproteins and phospholipid transfer protein to neutralize the activity of LPS. In a subset of patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome, with documented infection but with a negative plasma LAL test, significant amounts of LPS were measured by the HPLC/MS/MS method. Patients with the highest plasma LPS concentration were more severely ill. HPLC/MS/MS is a relevant method to quantitate endotoxin in a sample, to assess the efficacy of LPS neutralization, and to evaluate the proinflammatory potential of LPS in vivo. PMID:26023073

  11. Stability Indicating HPLC Method for the Determination of Fulvestrant in Pharmaceutical Formulation in Comparison with Linear Sweep Voltammetric Method.

    PubMed

    Atila, Alptug; Yilmaz, Bilal; Kadioglu, Yucel

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes two rapid, sensitive and specific methods for the determination of fulvestrant in pharmaceutical preparations by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). HPLC method was used to study the degradation behaviour. Fulvestrant was subjected to degradation under the conditions of hydrolysis (acid and alkali), oxidation (30% H2O2). The linearity was established over the concentration range of 5-50 m g mL(-1) for LSV and 0.5-20 m g mL(-1) for HPLC method. The intra- and inter-day relative standard deviation (RSD) was less than 3.96 and 3.07% for LSV and HPLC, respectively. Limits of quantification were determined as 5.0 and 0.50 m g mL(-1) for LSV and HPLC, respectively. No interference was found from tablet excipients at the selected assay conditions. The methods were applied for the quality control of commercial fulvestrant dosage form to quantify the drug and to check the formulation content uniformity.

  12. Design-of-experiment approach for HPLC analysis of 25-hydroxyvitamin D: a comparative assay with ELISA.

    PubMed

    Abu el Maaty, Mohamed Abdulla; Hanafi, Rasha Sayed; Aboul-Enein, Hassan Y; Gad, Mohamed Zakaria

    2015-01-01

    Although high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) is adopted as the method of choice for the determination of vitamin D and its metabolites in plasma, yet the unavailability of this expensive detection technique in many clinical laboratories makes ultraviolet (UV) detection the alternative of choice in many places worldwide. In this regard, determination of parameters affecting HPLC separation of vitamins D2, D3 and their hydroxyl metabolites in plasma in a systematic way would put an end to irrelevant trials for more optimization. A new robust HPLC-UV was developed, optimized using DryLab(®)2000 and validated for the determination of vitamins D2 and D3 and their 25-hydroxyl metabolites in plasma to achieve best resolution and least runtime where the metabolites elute in <10 min, where vitamin D2 is considered a feasible internal standard. Chromatographic parameters affecting resolution of the four peaks were specifically defined by a two-dimensional resolution map. Forty-six plasma samples were analyzed by the optimized method as well as by an ELISA kit to compare results and to judge validity of ELISA as a technique of clinical importance. Statistical analyses proved that the investigated assays were incomparable. Variation among subjects was detected by HPLC but not ELISA, concluding that HPLC-UV is the better tool in determining vitamin D status than ELISA.

  13. Stability Indicating HPLC Method for the Determination of Fulvestrant in Pharmaceutical Formulation in Comparison with Linear Sweep Voltammetric Method

    PubMed Central

    Atila, Alptug; Yilmaz, Bilal; Kadioglu, Yucel

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes two rapid, sensitive and specific methods for the determination of fulvestrant in pharmaceutical preparations by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). HPLC method was used to study the degradation behaviour. Fulvestrant was subjected to degradation under the conditions of hydrolysis (acid and alkali), oxidation (30% H2O2). The linearity was established over the concentration range of 5-50 m g mL-1 for LSV and 0.5-20 m g mL-1 for HPLC method. The intra- and inter-day relative standard deviation (RSD) was less than 3.96 and 3.07% for LSV and HPLC, respectively. Limits of quantification were determined as 5.0 and 0.50 m g mL-1 for LSV and HPLC, respectively. No interference was found from tablet excipients at the selected assay conditions. The methods were applied for the quality control of commercial fulvestrant dosage form to quantify the drug and to check the formulation content uniformity. PMID:27980572

  14. Structural characterization of low level degradants in aztreonam injection and an innovative approach to aid HPLC method validation.

    PubMed

    Ye, Qingmei; Ding, Wei; Rinaldi, Frank; Huang, Yande; Miller, Scott A; Bolgar, Mark

    2016-05-30

    Three new degradants have been identified from drug product and active pharmaceutical ingredient stability samples of aztreonam, a marketed synthetic monocyclic beta-lactam antibiotic. The degradants were detected following the implementation of a new, more selective HPLC method for the determination of impurities and degradants. The new method was developed in response to changes in the regulatory requirement for mature products. Two of the new unknown Degradants (I and II) were observed in chromatograms from stability samples of aztreonam injection. The third new Degradant (III) was observed during a stability study of the aztreonam active pharmaceutical ingredient. These degradants were structurally characterized. A small amount (ca. 1-3mg) of each degradant was isolated via preparative HPLC for structure elucidation using accurate MS, one and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. The small amount of each NMR sample was then reused as a standard for HPLC purity/impurity method validation. Their exact concentrations were determined using quantitative NMR which enabled the execution of the quantitative elements of the HPLC method validation. This innovative approach eliminated the need to isolate or synthesize larger quantities of markers for HPLC/UV method validation, thus saving significant time and reducing costs.

  15. Efficient HPLC separation of N-p-nitrophenylglycosylamines derived from complex oligosaccharide mixtures. Human orosomucoid as a model.

    PubMed

    Kurth, H; Lehmann, J

    1986-04-01

    With human orosomucoid as model compound, a new method was developed to separate neutral oligosaccharides as N-p-nitro-phenylglycosylamines. Asialo orosomucoid was prepared by treatment with neuraminidase and purified by size exclusion HPLC on TSK 2000 SW. Oligosaccharides were isolated by reversed phase HPLC on Hamilton PRP-1 after hydrazinolysis and re-N-acetylation. Glycosylamination was performed with p-nitroaniline in DMSO-formic acid-water, where the whole mixture of oligosaccharide derivatives was isolated by reversed phase HPLC on Hamilton PRP-1 and separated into single glycosylamines on Shandon Hypersil ODS. The purified glycosylamines could be methylated by a new rapid method with sodium hydroxide and methyl iodide in DMSO, isolation and purification were carried out on Hamilton PRP-1 and Spherisorb ODS 2, respectively, as described for the glycosylamines. Preparative scale HPLC separations were performed on analytical columns using repetitive collection mode and automatic sample loading by means of a peristaltic pump operated by the HPLC controller. The purified glycosylamines can be used for sugar analyses or, after permethylation, for methylation analyses or related procedures.

  16. Determination of the cis-trans isomerization barriers of L-alanyl-L-proline in aqueous solutions and at water/hydrophobic interfaces by on-line temperature-jump relaxation HPLC and dynamic on-column reaction HPLC.

    PubMed

    Shibukawa, Masami; Miyake, Ayaka; Eda, Sayaka; Saito, Shingo

    2015-09-15

    Proline cis-trans isomerization is known to play a key role in the rate-determining steps of protein folding. It is thus very important to understand the influence of environments, not only bulk solutions but also microenvironments such as interfaces, on the isomerization reaction of proline peptides. Here we present two HPLC methods for measurements of kinetic and equilibrium parameters for the isomerization reactions in bulk solutions and at liquid/solid interfaces. On-line temperature-jump relaxation HPLC (T-jump HPLC) allows the determination of forward and reverse rate constants of the isomerization in a bulk solution by monitoring the whole time course of conversion of pure isomers from both sides of the reaction, in contrast to other HPLC and capillary zone electrophoresis as well as spectrometric and calorimetric methods, which use a mixture of the isomers. We can then determine cis-trans isomerization barriers of the peptide at liquid/solid interfaces from the kinetic data obtained by dynamic on-column reaction HPLC and T-jump HPLC. We observed that the interconversion around the peptide bond for l-alanyl-l-proline (Ala-Pro) in water is accelerated at the surfaces of an alkyl-bonded silica and a poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) copolymer resin, and this is caused by a remarkable decrease in the enthalpy of activation. The molecular structures of the cis and trans forms of Ala-Pro estimated by quantum mechanics calculation reveal that an equilibrium shift toward the cis form as well as the rapid isomerization of Ala-Pro at the water/hydrophobic interfaces can be attributed to the lower polarity of the interfacial water at the surfaces of the hydrophobic materials compared to that of bulk water.

  17. Validation of AN Hplc-Dad Method for the Classification of Green Teas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Jingbo; Ye, Nengsheng; Gu, Xuexin; Liu, Ni

    A reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) separation coupled with diode array detection (DAD) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometer (ESI/MS) was developed and optimized for the classification of green teas. Five catechins [epigallocatechin (EGC), epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epicatechin (EC), gallocatechin gallate (GCG), epicatechin gallate (ECG)] had been identified and quantified by the HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS/MS method. The limit of detection (LOD) of five catechins was within the range of 1.25-15 ng. All the analytes exhibited good linearity up to 2500 ng. These compounds were considered as chemical descriptors to define groups of green teas. Chemometric methods including principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were applied for the purpose. Twelve green tea samples originating from different regions were subjected to reveal the natural groups. The results showed that the analyzed green teas were differentiated mainly by provenance; HCA afforded an excellent performance in terms of recognition and prediction abilities. This method was accurate and reproducible, providing a potential approach for authentication of green teas.

  18. Determination of cytotoxic compounds of Thai traditional medicine called Benjakul using HPLC.

    PubMed

    Itharat, Arunporn; Sakpakdeejaroen, Intouch

    2010-12-01

    Benjakul is a Thai traditional medicine preparation, used for balanced health. From selective interviews of folk doctors in southern Thailand, it was used as the adaptogen drug for cancer patients. In our previous study, the ethanolic extract of Benjakul preparation exhibited high cytotoxic activity against lung cancer cell lines (COR-L23). Piperine has been identified as the main compound in the extract. In addition, plumbagin was found as the most cytotoxic compound. In this study, a reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for quality control such as chemical fingerprint, quantification and stability of the ethanolic extract of Benjakul preparation was developed. The reversed-phase HPLC was performed with a gradient mobile phase composed of water and acetronitrile, and peaks were detected at 256 nm. Based on validation results, this analytical method is precise, accurate and stable for quantitative determination of piperine and plumbagin which are cytotoxic compounds isolated from the ethanolic extract of Benjakul preparation. This method could be suitable for analysis of Benjakul extract.

  19. Validation of an HPLC-MS/MS and wipe procedure for mitomycin C contamination.

    PubMed

    B'Hymer, Clayton; Connor, Thomas; Stinson, Derek; Pretty, Jack

    2015-04-01

    A high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (HPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for the determination of mitomycin C, an anticancer drug, from contamination on various surfaces. Mitomycin C is often used in various forms of intraperitoneal chemotherapy, and operating room healthcare worker exposure to this drug is possible. The surface testing method consisted of a wiping procedure utilizing a solution of 20/45/35 (v/v/v) of acetonitrile-isopropanol-water made 0.01 M in ammonium citrate (apparent pH 7.0). The wipe solutions were analyzed by means of HPLC-MS/MS using a reversed-phase gradient system and electrospray ionization in positive ion mode with a triple-quadrupole MS detector. Accuracy and precision of this method were demonstrated by a series of recovery studies of both spiked solutions and extracted wipes from various surfaces (stainless steel, vinyl and Formica(®)) spiked with known levels of mitomycin C. Recoveries of spiked solutions containing the analyte demonstrate mean recoveries (accuracy) ranged from 93 to 105%. Precision as measured by the relative standard deviation (% RSD) of multiple samples (n= 10) at each concentration level demonstrated values of 7.5% or less. The recoveries from spiked surfaces varied from 30 to 99%. The limit of detection for this methodology is ∼2 ng/100 cm(2) equivalent surface area, and the limit of quantitation is ∼6 ng/100 cm(2).

  20. Validation of an HPLC-MS/MS and Wipe Procedure for Mitomycin C Contamination

    PubMed Central

    B’Hymer, C.; Connor, T.H.; Stinson, D.; Pretty, J.R.

    2015-01-01

    A high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (HPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for the determination of mitomycin C, an anticancer drug, from contamination on various surfaces. Mitomycin C is often used in various forms of intraperitoneal chemotherapy, and operating room healthcare worker exposure to this drug is possible. The surface testing method consisted of a wiping procedure utilizing a solution of 20/45/35 (v/v/v) of acetonitrile-isopropanol-water made 0.01 M in ammonium citrate (apparent pH 7.0). The wipe solutions were analyzed by means of HPLC-MS/MS using a reversed-phase gradient system and electrospray ionization in positive ion-mode with a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometric detector. Accuracy and precision of this method were demonstrated by a series of recovery studies of both spiked solutions and extracted wipes from various surfaces (stainless steel, vinyl and Formica®) spiked with known levels of mitomycin C. Recoveries of spiked solutions containing the analyte demonstrate mean recoveries (accuracy) ranged from 93 to 105%. Precision as measured by the relative standard deviation (%RSD) of multiple samples (n=10) at each concentration level demonstrated values of 7.5% or less. The recoveries from spiked surfaces varied from 30 to 99%. The limit of detection (LOD) for this methodology is approximately 2 ng/100 cm2 equivalent surface area, and the limit of quantitation (LOQ) is approximately 6 ng/100 cm2. PMID:25129062

  1. HPLC/PDA/ESI-MS evaluation of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) adulteration.

    PubMed

    Sabatino, Leonardo; Scordino, Monica; Gargano, Maria; Belligno, Adalgisa; Traulo, Pasqualino; Gagliano, Giacomo

    2011-12-01

    The present study evaluated the reliability of the ISO/TS 3632-2 UV-Vis spectrometric method for saffron classification, making experiments on saffron samples to which were added increasing concentrations of common saffron spice adulterants (safflower, marigold and turmeric). The results showed that the ISO/TS 3632-2 method is not able to detect addition of up to 10-20%, w/w, of saffron adulterants. For additions from 20 to 50%, w/w, of the three adulterants, saffron was classified in a wrong category; addition of higher than 50%, w/w, determined variations in the investigated parameters that did not allow identification of the product as "saffron". In all cases, the method did not permit the recognition of the nature of the adulterant. On the contrary, the specificity of the HPLC/PDA/MS technique allowed the unequivocal identification of adulterant characteristic marker molecules that could be recognized by the values of absorbance and mass. The selection of characteristic ions of each marker molecule has revealed concentrations of up to 5%, w/w, for safflower and marigold and up to 2% for turmeric. In addition, the high dyeing power of turmeric allowed the determination of 2%, w/w, addition using exclusively the HPLC/PDA technique.

  2. Determination of daminozide residues in apple pulp using HPLC-DAD-UV.

    PubMed

    Bicchi, C; Cordero, C; Rubiolo, P; Occelli, A

    2001-08-01

    This paper reports an HPLC-UV method to determine daminozide residues in apple pulps adopting the recently introduced EU limit of 0.01 mg/kg for baby food preparation (Commission Directive 1999/39/CE). The method is based on alkaline hydrolysis of daminozide to N',N'-dimethylhydrazine (UDMH), which is recovered by distillation and subsequently derivatizated with salicyl aldehyde to salicyl aldehyde-N,N-dimethylhydrazone under strongly basic conditions. The resulting solution was cleaned up with Extrelut 20 NT and dichloromethane as eluent, then analyzed by HPLC with a C18 column and a mobile phase programmed from 50:50 AcCN/H(2)O to 100% AcCN. The salicyl aldehyde-N,N-dimethylhydrazone was selectively detected through two diagnostic UV absorption maxima at 295 and 325 nm, which have strong molar absorbivities. Recoveries of daminozide at 0.01 mg/kg were above 80%. The limits of detection (LODs) of salicyl aldehyde-N,N-dimethylhydrazone expressed as daminozide concentration were 100 pg/microL at 295 nm and 150 pg/microL at 325 nm, and the limits of quantitation (LOQs) of daminozide were 0.0013 mg/kg at 295 nm and 0.0022 mg/kg at 325 nm.

  3. Structural elucidation of potential impurities in Azilsartan bulk drug by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Wentao; Zhou, Yuxia; Sun, Lili; Zou, Qiaogen; Wei, Ping; Ouyang, Pingkai

    2014-01-01

    During the synthesis of Azilsartan (AZS), it was speculated that 15 potential impurities would arise. This study investigated the possible mechanism for the formation of 14 of them, and their structures were characterized and confirmed by IR, NMR, and MS techniques. In addition, an efficient chromatographic method was developed to separate and quantify these impurities, using an Inertsil ODS-3 column (250 x 4.6 mm, 5 pm) in gradient mode with a mixture of acetonitrile and the potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate buffer (10 mM, pH adjusted to 3.0 with phosphoric acid). The HPLC method was validated for specificity, precision, accuracy, and sensitivity. LOQ of impurities were in the range of 1.04-2.20 ng. Correlation coefficient values of linearity were >0.9996 for AZS and its impurities. The mean recoveries of all impurities in AZS were between 93.0 and 109.7%. Thus, the validated HPLC method is suitable for the separation and quantification of all potential impurities in AZS.

  4. Determination of neurotransmitter levels in models of Parkinson's disease by HPLC-ECD.

    PubMed

    Yang, Lichuan; Beal, M Flint

    2011-01-01

    Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder caused by progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal area of the brain. The decrease in dopamine (DA) neurotransmitter levels in the striatum and substantia nigra pars compacta is a neurochemistry hallmark of PD. Therefore, determination of dopamine and its metabolites levels in biological samples provides an important key to understanding the neurochemistry profile of PD. This chapter describes the use of reversed-phase HPLC with electrochemical detection (ECD) for simultaneously measuring monoamine neurotransmitters, including dopamine and its metabolites, norepinephrine as well as serotonin and its metabolite. ECD provides an ultrasensitive measurement, which detects at the picogram level. One run for each sample finishes within 18 min, shows clear chromatographic peaks and a complete separation, and produces excellent precision and reproducibility. Once set up, HPLC-ECD is economic and efficient for analyzing a large number of samples. This method has been broadly used for analyzing a variety of biological samples, such as cerebrospinal fluids, plasma, microdialysis elutes, tissues, and cultured cells. In recent days, it has been reported to be able to detect the dopamine level in a single drosophila head.

  5. Simple and effective HPLC method development and its validation for Clindipine in human drug free plasma.

    PubMed

    Muralidharan, Selvadurai; Kumar, Jaya raja; Dhanaraj, Sokkalingam Arumugam

    2015-01-01

    Simple and effective high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed for estimation of Clindipine in drug free human drug free blank plasma. The internal standard used as Nifidipine (IS). The current method was used protein precipitating extraction of Clindipine from blank plasma. Separation was achieved on reversed-phase c18 column (25cm × 4.6mm, 5μ) and the detection was monitored by UV detector at 260 nm. The optimized mobile phase was used acetonitrile: 5mM potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate (pH 4.5), in the ratio of 60:40% v/v at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. This linearity was achieved in this method range of 10.0-125.0 ng/ml with regression coefficient range is 0.99. The present method is suitable in terms of precise, accurate and specific during the study. The simplicity of the method allows for application in laboratories that lack sophisticated analytical instruments such as LC-MS/MS or GC-MS/MS that are complicated, costly and time consuming rather than a simple HPLC-UV method. The present method was successfully applied for pharmacokinetic studies.

  6. HPLC analysis of polyphenols in the fruits of Rubus idaeus L. (Rosaceae).

    PubMed

    Sparzak, B; Merino-Arevalo, M; Vander Heyden, Y; Krauze-Baranowska, M; Majdan, M; Fecka, I; Głód, D; Bączek, T

    2010-11-01

    The separation of anthocyanins present in the fruits of 11 varieties of red raspberries (Rubus idaeus L.) was performed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with a diode-array detector and evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD). The ELSD parameters--drift tube temperature, nebulising gas flow rate and gain value--were optimised to get the best detection and identification of the anthocyanins. The varieties Heritage and Willamette had the simplest anthocyanin sets consisting of only two predominant anthocyanins--cyanidin-3-O-sophoroside (1) and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (3), while in the other varieties two other predominant compounds were also present, cyanidin-3-O-rutinoside (4) and cyanidin-3-O-(2(G)-O-glucosylrutinoside) (2). Moreover, using ELSD, simultaneous analysis of anthocyanins and sanguiin H-6 (5), an ellagitannin, was performed. The contents of anthocyanins and sanguiin H-6 (5) were estimated by HPLC with ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) light detection. The determined concentrations of anthocyanins varied from 76.22 to 277.06 mg per 100 g of dry weight (d.w.). The content of sanguiin H-6 (5) was in the range from 135.04 to 547.48 mg per 100 g of d.w.

  7. Direct UV Spectrophotometry and HPLC Determination of Triton X-100 in Split Virus Influenza Vaccine.

    PubMed

    Pavlović, Bojana; Cvijetić, Nataša; Dragačević, Luka; Ivković, Branka; Vujić, Zorica; Kuntić, Vesna

    2016-01-01

    One of the most commonly used surfactants in the production of split virus influenza vaccine is nonionic surfactant Triton X-100. After splitting of the virus is accomplished, Triton X-100 is removed from the vaccine by subsequent production steps. Because of toxicity of Triton X-100, which remains in the vaccine in residual amounts, a sufficiently sensitive method for its detection and quantification needs to be defined. Two methods for determination of Triton X-100 residuals were developed: the UV-spectrophotometry and HPLC methods. For both methods, preparation of vaccine samples and removal of proteins and virus particles were crucial: samples were treated with methanol (1:1) and then centrifuged at 25 000 × g for 30 min. After such treatment, the majority of vaccine components that interfered in the UV region were removed, and diluted samples could be directly measured. The chromatographic system included C18 column, step methanol gradient, and detection at 225 nm with a single peak of Triton X-100 at 12.6 min. Both methods were validated and gave satisfactory results for accuracy, precision, specificity, linearity, and robustness. LOQ was slightly lower for the HPLC method. Hence, it was shown that both methods are suitable for analysis of residual amounts of Triton X-100, with the advantages of the UV method being its simplicity and availability in most laboratories.

  8. An HPLC-ECD method for monoamines and metabolites quantification in cuttlefish (cephalopod) brain tissue.

    PubMed

    Bidel, Flavie; Corvaisier, Sophie; Jozet-Alves, Christelle; Pottier, Ivannah; Dauphin, François; Naud, Nadège; Bellanger, Cécile

    2016-08-01

    The cuttlefish belongs to the mollusk class Cephalopoda, considered as the most advanced marine invertebrates and thus widely used as models to study the biology of complex behaviors and cognition, as well as their related neurochemical mechanisms. Surprisingly, methods to quantify the biogenic monoamines and their metabolites in cuttlefish brain remain sparse and measure a limited number of analytes. This work aims to validate an HPLC-ECD method for the simultaneous quantification of dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine and their main metabolites in cuttlefish brain. In comparison and in order to develop a method suitable to answer both ecological and biomedical questions, the validation was also carried out on a phylogenetically remote species: mouse (mammals). The method was shown to be accurate, precise, selective, repeatable and sensitive over a wide range of concentrations for 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid, serotonin, dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and norepinephrine in the both extracts of cuttlefish and mouse brain, though with low precision and recovery for 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylethylene glycol. Homovanillic acid, accurately studied in rodents, was not detectable in the brain of cuttlefish. Overall, we described here the first fully validated HPLC method for the routine measurement of both monoamines and metabolites in cuttlefish brain. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. Absolute peptide quantification by lutetium labeling and nanoHPLC-ICPMS with isotope dilution analysis.

    PubMed

    Rappel, Christina; Schaumlöffel, Dirk

    2009-01-01

    The need of analytical methods for absolute quantitative protein analysis spurred research on new developments in recent years. In this work, a novel approach was developed for accurate absolute peptide quantification based on metal labeling with lutetium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Lu-DTPA) and nanoflow high-performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma isotope dilution mass spectrometry (nanoHPLC-ICP-IDMS). In a two-step procedure peptides were derivatized at amino groups with diethylenetriamine pentaacetic anhydride (DTPAA) followed by chelation of lutetium. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI MS) of the reaction product demonstrated highly specific peptide labeling. Under optimized nanoHPLC conditions the labeled peptides were baseline-separated, and the excess labeling reagent did not interfere. A 176Lu-labeled spike was continuously added to the column effluent for quantification by ICP-IDMS. The recovery of a Lu-DTPA-labeled standard peptide was close to 100% indicating high labeling efficiency and accurate absolute quantification. The precision of the entire method was 4.9%. The detection limit for Lu-DTPA-tagged peptides was 179 amol demonstrating that lutetium-specific peptide quantification was by 4 orders of magnitude more sensitive than detection by natural sulfur atoms present in cysteine or methionine residues. Furthermore, the application to peptides in insulin tryptic digest allowed the identification of interfering reagents decreasing the labeling efficiency. An additional advantage of this novel approach is the analysis of peptides, which do not naturally feature ICPMS-detectable elements.

  10. Reversed phase-HPLC for rapid determination of polyphenols in flowers of rose species.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Neeraj; Bhandari, Pamita; Singh, Bikram; Gupta, Ajai P; Kaul, Vijay K

    2008-02-01

    A rapid, simple, sensitive, robust, and improved HPLC method was developed and validated for determination of 10 polyphenols, namely gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin, rutin, m-coumaric acid, quercitrin, myricetin, quercetin, apigenin, and kaempferol in fresh flowers of Rosa bourboniana and R. brunonii and in both fresh flowers and marc (left after industrial distillation of rose oil) of R. damascena. Six polyphenols, gallic acid, rutin, quercitrin, myricetin, quercetin, and kaempferol, were detected and quantified in all extracts. The chromatographic separation of 10 polyphenols was achieved in less than 16 min by RP-HPLC (Phenomenex, Luna C18 (2) column, 5 microm, 250 mm x 4.6 mm) using linear gradient elution of water and acetonitrile (0.02% trifluroacetic acid) with a flow rate of 1 mL/min at lambda 280 nm. Standard calibration curves were linear in the range of 0.39-500 microg/mL. Good results were achieved with respect to repeatability (RSD <3%) and recovery (98.6-100.8%). The method was validated for linearity, accuracy, repeatability, LOD, and LOQ.

  11. Isolation and quantification of a new tuliposide (tuliposide D) by HPLC in Alstroemeria.

    PubMed

    Christensen, L P; Kristiansen, K

    1995-09-01

    From aqueous extracts of flowers, stems and leaves of 1 Brazilian and 15 Chilean Alstroemeria species, the content of a new tuliposide, named tuliposide D, was determined by isocratic reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), using distilled water:methanol (80:20) as mobile phase. The compound was detected by a UV-detector at 208 nm. Tuliposide D was found in almost all Alstroemeria species investigated, although in very different amounts. Most species contained relatively small amounts of tuliposide D, especially in the leaves. However, A. hookeri ssp. cummingiana, A. presliana ssp. presliana, A. pseudospathulata and A. revoluta contained large amounts of tuliposide D in all plant parts. Tuliposide D was identified as 1,6-di-(4-hydroxy-2-methylenebutanoate)-beta-D-glucopyranose by UV, FAB-MS, 1H- and 13C-NMR. The content of the allergens 6-tuliposide A and tulipalin A was also determined by RP-HPLC and the possibility that tuliposide D is a further causative agent of allergic contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria is discussed.

  12. HPLC analysis of in vivo intestinal absorption and oxidative metabolism of salicylic acid in the rat.

    PubMed

    Kuzma, Mónika; Nyúl, Eszter; Mayer, Mátyás; Fischer, Emil; Perjési, Pál

    2016-12-01

    In vivo absorption and oxidative metabolism of salicylic acid in rat small intestine was studied by luminal perfusion experiment. Perfusion through the lumen of proximal jejunum with isotonic medium containing 250 μm sodium salicylate was carried out. Absorption of salicylate was measured by a validated HPLC-DAD method which was evaluated for a number of validation characteristics (specificity, repeatability and intermediate precision, limit of detection, limit of quantification, linearity and accuracy). The method was linear over the concentration range 0.5-50 μg/mL. After liquid-liquid extraction of the perfusion samples oxidative biotransformation of salicylate was also investigated by HPLC-MS. The method was linear over the concentration range 0.25-5.0 μg/mL. Two hydroxylated metabolites of salicylic acid (2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid and 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid) were detected and identified. The mean recovery of extraction was 72.4% for 2,3-DHB, 72.5% for 2,5-DHB and 50.1% for salicylic acid, respectively. The methods were successfully applied to investigate jejunal absorption and oxidative metabolism of sodium salicylate in experimental animals. The methods provide analytical background for further metabolic studies of salycilates under modified physiological conditions.

  13. HPLC method validation for Digitalis and its analogue by pulsed amperometric detection.

    PubMed

    Kwon, Ha-Jeong; Sim, Hee-Jung; Lee, Sa-im; Lee, Yong-Moon; Park, Yong-Duk; Hong, Seon-Pyo

    2011-01-05

    We developed a highly sensitive and selective reversed-phase HPLC-pulsed amperometric detection (RP-HPLC-PAD) method for cardiac glycoside detection. Eight cardiac glycosides were completely separated within 45 min on a reversed-phase column using a water-acetonitrile gradient, and were detected using a PAD under NaOH alkaline conditions. The detection (S/N=3) and quantification (S/N=10) limits for the cardiac glycosides were 0.1-0.3 and 0.3-0.8 ng, respectively. The linear regression coefficient was 0.9962-0.9998 for concentrations of 1-25 μg/mL. Cardiac glycosides in the Digitalis purpurea leaf displayed intra- and inter-day precisions (RSDs) of <9.30% and average recoveries of 98.63-99.94%. The contents of gitoxin, digitonin, and digitoxin in the D. purpurea were 0.197, 0.11, and 0.379 mg/g for leaf dried at 60 °C, 0.058, 0.11, and 0.090 mg/g for leaf dried at ambient temperature, and N.D. (not detected), and 18.379 mg/g, N.D. for seed, respectively. We conclude that our method shows good precision and accuracy.

  14. HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS Analysis of Flavonoids from Leaves of Different Cultivars of Sweet Osmanthus.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yiguang; Fu, Jianxin; Zhang, Chao; Zhao, Hongbo

    2016-09-14

    Osmanthus fragrans Lour. has traditionally been a popular ornamental plant in China. In this study, ethanol extracts of the leaves of four cultivar groups of O. fragrans were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and high-performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization and mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS). The results suggest that variation in flavonoids among O. fragrans cultivars is quantitative, rather than qualitative. Fifteen components were detected and separated, among which, the structures of 11 flavonoids and two coumarins were identified or tentatively identified. According to principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) based on the abundance of these components (expressed as rutin equivalents), 22 selected cultivars were classified into four clusters. The seven cultivars from Cluster III ('Xiaoye Sugui', 'Boye Jingui', 'Wuyi Dangui', 'Yingye Dangui', 'Danzhuang', 'Foding Zhu', and 'Tianxiang Taige'), which are enriched in rutin and total flavonoids, and 'Sijigui' from Cluster II which contained the highest amounts of kaempferol glycosides and apigenin 7-O-glucoside, could be selected as potential pharmaceutical resources. However, the chemotaxonomy in this paper does not correlate with the distribution of the existing cultivar groups, demonstrating that the distribution of flavonoids in O. fragrans leaves does not provide an effective means of classification for O. fragrans cultivars based on flower color.

  15. Carotenoids from Foods of Plant, Animal and Marine Origin: An Efficient HPLC-DAD Separation Method

    PubMed Central

    Strati, Irini F.; Sinanoglou, Vassilia J.; Kora, Lintita; Miniadis-Meimaroglou, Sofia; Oreopoulou, Vassiliki

    2012-01-01

    Carotenoids are important antioxidant compounds, present in many foods of plant, animal and marine origin. The aim of the present study was to describe the carotenoid composition of tomato waste, prawn muscle and cephalothorax and avian (duck and goose) egg yolks through the use of a modified gradient elution HPLC method with a C30 reversed-phase column for the efficient separation and analysis of carotenoids and their cis-isomers. Elution time was reduced from 60 to 45 min without affecting the separation efficiency. All-trans lycopene predominated in tomato waste, followed by all-trans-β-carotene, 13-cis-lutein and all-trans lutein, while minor amounts of 9-cis-lutein, 13-cis-β-carotene and 9-cis-β-carotene were also detected. Considering the above findings, tomato waste is confirmed to be an excellent source of recovering carotenoids, especially all-trans lycopene, for commercial use. Xanthophylls were the major carotenoids of avian egg yolks, all-trans lutein and all-trans zeaxanthin in duck and goose egg yolk, respectively. In the Penaeus kerathurus prawn, several carotenoids (zeaxanthin, all-trans-lutein, canthaxanthin, cryptoxanthin, optical and geometrical astaxanthin isomers) were identified in considerable amounts by the same method. A major advantage of this HPLC method was the efficient separation of carotenoids and their cis-isomers, originating from a wide range of matrices. PMID:28239091

  16. Identification and determination of flavonoids, carotenoids and chlorophyll concentration in Cynodon dactylon (L.) by HPLC analysis.

    PubMed

    Muthukrishnan, Saradha Devi; Kaliyaperumal, Ashokkumar; Subramaniyan, Annapoorani

    2015-01-01

    Cynodon dactylon (L.) is a potent medicinal plant in the traditional and current Indian medicinal systems. The objective of this research was to find out the levels of flavonoids, carotenoids and chlorophyll b in C. dactylon leaves by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with a diode array detector. HPLC analysis revealed that total carotenoid and total flavonoid concentration were 62 mg/100 g and 249.1 μg/g, respectively. The mean chlorophyll b was 85.1 mg/100 g in C. dactylon. Among the flavonoids, quercetin (164.7 μg/g) was the major flavonoid followed by kaempferol (48.2 μg/g), rutin (18.4 μg/g), catechin (12.1 μg/g) and myricetin (5.7 μg/g). Of the carotenoids, β-carotene (35.2 mg/100 g) was predominant followed by lutein (17.0 mg/100 g), violaxanthin (5.8 mg/100 g) and zeaxanthin (4.2 mg/100 g). Chlorophyll b concentration was 85.1 mg/100 g in C. dactylon. The results of this investigation should be useful information for further pharmacological studies.

  17. Determination of Carvedilol Enantiomers in Pharmaceutical Dosages by SBSE-HPLC Based on Diastereomer Formation.

    PubMed

    Taraji, Maryam; Talebpour, Zahra; Adib, Nuoshin; Karimi, Shima; Haghighi, Farideh; Aboul-Enein, Hassan Y

    2015-09-01

    A sensitive, selective and simple method for the simultaneous determination of carvedilol enantiomers in aqueous solution has been developed using stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) followed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultraviolet (UV) detection. This method is based on the reaction of carvedilol enantiomers with (-)-menthyl chloroformate (MCF) after extraction by the SBSE method to produce diastereomeric derivatives. The separation was achieved by use of a C18 analytical column and the influence of mobile phase composition on the enantioseparation of carvedilol was studied. The applicability of two sorptive phases, poly(methyl methacrylate/ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate) (PA-EG) and polydimethylsiloxane, were tested for extraction of carvedilol enantiomers from aqueous samples. The obtained results showed excellent linear dynamic ranges and precisions for each of them. The least limit of detection for (S)- and (R)-carvedilol obtained 8 and 11 µg L(-1), respectively, using the PA-EG sorptive phase. Inter- and intra-mean recoveries were also satisfactory, ranging from 98 to 103%, with coefficient of variation in the range of 1-5% at three fortified levels using a PA-EG coated stir bar. The proposed SBSE (PA-EG)-MCF derivatization-HPLC-UV method was successfully applied to enantioselective analysis of carvedilol in water and pharmaceutical dosages, confirming the application of this method.

  18. Simultaneous determination of prenylflavonoid and hop bitter acid in beer lee by HPLC-DAD-MS.

    PubMed

    Kao, T H; Wu, G Y

    2013-11-15

    An HPLC-DAD-MS method with high accuracy and precision was developed for determination of prenylflavonoids and hop bitter acids in beer lee, a by-product from beer brewing process. Four prenylflavonoids and nine hop bitter acids can be simultaneously separated in 29 min using a Thermo HyPURITY C18 column in combination with diode array dectector and mass spectrometer with HPLC solvent gradient system of phosphoric acid aqueous solution at pH 1.6 and acetonitrile at a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min and detection wavelength at 314 nm. Beer lee is found to contain isoxanthohumol (36.2 μg/g), xanthohumol (29.6 μg/g), 8-prenylnaringenin (7.84 μg/g), 6-prenylnaringenin (19.2 μg/g), cohumulone (44.7 μg/g), humulone (123 μg/g), adhumulone (21.8 μg/g), colupulone (44.2 μg/g), lupulone (33.2 μg/g), and adlupulone (5.76 μg/g).

  19. Simultaneous determination of cortisol, cortisone, 6β-hydroxycortisol and 6β-hydroxycortisone by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Liyun; Luo, Xi; Zhu, Lijun; Xie, Wenzhao; Liu, Shikun; Cheng, Zeneng

    2015-04-01

    A specific and sensitive method based on high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet absorbance detection (HPLC-UV) was developed for the simultaneous determination of urinary cortisol (F), cortisone (E), 6β-hydroxycortisol (6β-OHF) and 6β-hydroxycortisone (6β-OHE) using dexamethasone as the internal standard. The method involved solid-phase extraction of the five compounds from urine using Oasis HLB Waters cartridges with an elution solvent of ethyl acetate-diethyl ether (5 mL; 4:1, v/v), followed by 1 mol/L of NaOH (1 mL) and 1.0% acetic acid (1 mL). Separation of the five analytes was achieved within 31 min by using a reversed-phase C18 analytical column (200 × 4.6 mm, 5 µm, Agilent). A UV detector operated at 245 nm was used. According to the method validation, inter-run and intra-run precision was below 9.45% and accuracy ranged from 98.16 to 115.50%. The lower limits of quantitation were 5 ng/mL for four analytes. This is the first HPLC method that can simultaneously determine F, E, 6β-OHF and 6β-OHE in human urine. The assay was applied to research the ratio of (6β-OHF + 6β-OHE)/(F + E) as a non-invasive biomarker for the metabolism of tacrolimus.

  20. HPLC analysis of 5H-benzo[a]carbazole with antifungal activity.

    PubMed

    Segall, A I; Vitale, M F; Perez, V L; Pizzorno, M T

    2003-04-01

    A sensitive and simple high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the assay of 6,11-dihydro-2-methoxy-5H-benzo[a]carbazole (1) and 6,11-dihydro-2-methoxy-11-[2-(1-piperidinyl)]ethyl-5H-benzo[a]carbazole (2) was developed. The procedure is based on the use of the reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method with UV detector. Each analysis required no longer than 11 min. A linear relationship between the concentration of both the drugs and the UV absorbance at 254 nm was obtained. This linearity was maintained over the concentration ranged from 5 to 80 microg/ml. The detection limits were found to be 1.6 and 0.7 ng for compounds 1 and 2. The quantitation limits were found to be 5.3 and 2.5 ng for compounds 1 and 2, respectively. For recovery studies, several determinations were carried out. Recovery values ranged from 98 to 102.1% for compound 1 and from 98.4 to 101.6% for compound 2. Method precision was also evaluated and RSD% found was less than 2%. This method was applied without any interference from degradation products.

  1. UPLC and HPLC of caffeoyl esters in wild and cultivated Arctium lappa L.

    PubMed

    Haghi, Ghasem; Hatami, Alireza; Mehran, Mehdi

    2013-05-01

    Analytical methods including ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array (PDA) detector were developed for the analysis of caffeoylquinic acid derivatives in seeds, leaves and roots of Arctium lappa L. Separation was performed on C(18) column utilising 5% (v/v) acetic acid in water and acetonitrile at 330 nm. Both methodologies were validated in terms of linearity, precision, and recovery. The results showed that the major advantages of UPLC, over HPLC were the fast analysis, narrow peaks, high sensitivity, and reduction of solvent consumption. Subsequently the methods were applied for the identification and quantification of chlorogenic acid (5-CQA) and 1,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (1,5-DCQA) as main compounds in samples. The total phenolic content of samples ranged from 3.93 to 14.13 g of 5-CQA equivalent/100g dry weight (DW). There was a significant variability from 89 to 571 mg/100g for 5-CQA and 48 to 486 mg/100g for 1,5-DCQA in dry material.

  2. Determination of fructooligosaccharides in burdock using HPLC and microwave-assisted extraction.

    PubMed

    Li, Jing; Liu, Xiaomei; Zhou, Bin; Zhao, Jing; Li, Shaoping

    2013-06-19

    The root of burdock ( Arctium lappa L.) is a commonly used vegetable in Asia. Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are usually considered as its main bioactive components. Thus, quantitative analysis of these components is very important for the quality control of burdock. In this study, an HPLC-ELSD and microwave-assisted extraction method was developed for the simultaneous determination of seven FOS with degrees of polymerization (DP) between 3 and 9, as well as fructose, glucose, and sucrose in burdock from different regions. The separation was performed on a Waters XBridge Amide column (4.6 × 250 mm i.d., 3.5 μm) with gradient elution. All calibration curves for investigated analytes showed good linear regression (r > 0.9990). Their LODs and LOQs were lower than 3.63 and 24.82 μg/mL, respectively. The recoveries ranged from 99.2 to 102.6%. The developed method was successfully applied to determination of ten sugars in burdock from different locations of Asia. The results showed that the contents of FOS in different samples of burdock collected at appropriate times were similar, and the developed HPLC-ELSD with microwave-assisted extraction method is helpful to control the quality of burdock.

  3. Investigation of contribution of individual constituents to antioxidant activity in herbal drugs using postcolumn HPLC method.

    PubMed

    Raudonis, Raimondas; Jakstas, Valdas; Burdulis, Deividas; Benetis, Raimondas; Janulis, Valdimaras

    2009-01-01

    The most important attention is paid to the search of natural antioxidants and their evaluation in medicinal and food raw materials of plant origin. A number of plants, their extracts, food products, and medicinal preparations appear to be the objects of scientific research. Effectiveness and informative character of research, undoubtedly, depend on relevance, sensitivity, and efficiency of the methods chosen. The aim of this work was to develop and validate the postcolumn high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-DPPH method as well as its application in the evaluation of antioxidant activity of known and unknown compounds scavenging free radicals and existing in medicinal plant raw materials. HPLC-separated compounds were identified at the wavelength of 275 nm, and then the mobile phase with analytes flowed through a mixing tee to the reaction coil, where DPPH reagent solution was supplied. The solution flow rate was 0.4 mL/min. The reaction coil was connected with UV/VIS type detector, which measured absorption of flowing solution at the wavelength of 520 nm. It was determined that vitexin rhamnoside, the dominant compound in the leaves of Crataegus monogyna, was not a significant radical scavenger. The most active antioxidant in the leaves and flowers of Crataegus monogyna was chlorogenic acid. The most active antioxidant in Origanum vulgare raw material was rosmarinic acid. Identified analytes in the extracts of Achillea millefolium that possessed radical-scavenging properties were chlorogenic acid, luteolin-7-O-glucoside, rutin, and luteolin.

  4. Determination of Prometryne in water and soil by HPLC-UV using cloud-point extraction.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Jihai; Chen, Jiandong; Cheng, Yanhong; Li, Daming; Hu, Feng; Li, Huixin

    2009-07-15

    A CPE-HPLC (UV) method has been developed for the determination of Prometryne. In this method, non-ionic surfactant Triton X-114 was first used to extract and pre-concentrate Prometryne from water and soil samples. The separation and determination of Prometryne were then carried out in an HPLC-UV system with isocratic elution using a detector set at 254 nm wavelength. The parameters and variables that affected the extraction were also investigated and the optimal conditions were found to be 0.5% of Triton X-114 (w/v), 3% of NaCl (w/v) and heat-assisted at 50 degrees C for 30 min. Using these conditions, the recovery rates of Prometryne ranged from 92.84% to 99.23% in water and 85.48% to 93.67% in soil, respectively, with all the relative standard deviations less than 3.05%. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were 3.5 microg L(-1) and 11.0 microg L(-1) in water and 4.0 microg kg(-1) and 13.0 microg kg(-1) in soil, respectively. Thus, we developed a method that has proven to be an efficient, green, rapid and inexpensive approach for extraction and determination of Prometryne from soil samples.

  5. Extraction and Determination of Cyproheptadine in Human Urine by DLLME-HPLC Method.

    PubMed

    Maham, Mehdi; Kiarostami, Vahid; Waqif-Husain, Syed; Abroomand-Azar, Parviz; Tehrani, Mohammad Saber; Khoeini Sharifabadi, Malihe; Afrouzi, Hossein; Shapouri, Mahmoudreza; Karami-Osboo, Rouhollah

    2013-01-01

    Novel dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME), coupled with high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (HPLC-DAD) has been applied for the extraction and determination of cyproheptadine (CPH), an antihistamine, in human urine samples. In this method, 0.6 mL of acetonitrile (disperser solvent) containing 30 μL of carbon tetrachloride (extraction solvent) was rapidly injected by a syringe into 5 mL urine sample. After centrifugation, the sedimented phase containing enriched analyte was dissolved in acetonitrile and an aliquot of this solution injected into the HPLC system for analysis. Development of DLLME procedure includes optimization of some important parameters such as kind and volume of extraction and disperser solvent, pH and salt addition. The proposed method has good linearity in the range of 0.02-4.5 μg mL(-1) and low detection limit (13.1 ng mL(-1)). The repeatability of the method, expressed as relative standard deviation was 4.9% (n = 3). This method has also been applied to the analysis of real urine samples with satisfactory relative recoveries in the range of 91.6-101.0%.

  6. HPLC and chemometric methods for the simultaneous determination of cyproheptadine hydrochloride, multivitamins, and sorbic acid.

    PubMed

    el-Gindy, Alaa; el-Yazby, Fawzy; Mostafa, Ahmed; Maher, Moustafa M

    2004-06-29

    Three methods are presented for the simultaneous determination of cyproheptadine hydrochloride (CP), thiamine hydrochloride (B1), riboflavin-5-phosphate sodium dihydrate (B2), nicotinamide (B3), pyridoxine hydrochloride (B6), and sorbic acid (SO). The chromatographic method depends on a high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) separation on a reversed-phase, RP 18 column. Elution was carried out with 0.1% methanolic hexane sulphonic acid sodium salt (solvent A) and 0.01 M phosphate buffer containing 0.1% hexane sulphonic acid sodium salt, adjusted to an apparent pH of 2.7 (solvent B). Gradient HPLC was used with the solvent ratio changed from 20:80 to 70:30 (over 9 min), then to 80:20 (over 11 min) for solvent A:B, respectively. Quantitation was achieved with UV detection at 220 and 288 nm based on peak area. The other two chemometric methods applied were principal component regression (PCR) and partial least squares (PLS). These approaches were successfully applied to quantify each drug in the mixture using the information included in the UV absorption spectra of appropriate solutions in the range 250-290 nm with the intervals Deltalambda = 0.4 nm at 100 wavelengths. The chemometric methods do not require any separation step. The three methods were successfully applied to a pharmaceutical formulation and the results were compared with each other.

  7. Impurity profiling of carbocisteine by HPLC-CAD, qNMR and UV/vis spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Wahl, Oliver; Holzgrabe, Ulrike

    2014-07-01

    For the impurity profiling of the mucolytic and anti-inflammatory drug carbocisteine a high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method using corona charged aerosol detection (CAD) was developed and fully validated following the ICH guideline Q2(R1). The response was linear (R²>0.995) over a small concentration range (0.05-0.25 or 0.10-0.60% respectively) and a detection limit of at least 0.03% was registered. The separation was achieved on a mixed mode column combining hydrophobic C18 and strong cation exchange retention mechanisms using a mass spectrometer compatible volatile mobile phase consisting of trifluoroacetic acid 10 mM and acetonitrile 12% (V/V). Impurities, not assessable by HPLC-CAD such as the volatile chloroacetic acid and the unstable cysteine, were determined by quantitative NMR (qNMR) with maleic acid as internal standard and UV/vis spectroscopy after reaction with Ellman's reagent, respectively. Six batches of three different manufacturers were tested by means of those methods. The purity varied from below 99.0 to higher than 99.8 per cent. The major impurities of all batches were the starting material cystine and N,S-dicarboxymethylcysteine being a synthesis by-product.

  8. A Simple HPLC-UV Method for the Determination of Glutathione in PC-12 Cells

    PubMed Central

    Appala, Raju N.; Appala, Raju V. V. S. S.

    2016-01-01

    A highly sensitive and simple HPLC-UV method was developed and validated for the assay of glutathione (GSH) in PC-12 cells. Glutathione is a major intracellular antioxidant having multiple biological effects, best known for its cytoprotective effects against cell damage from reactive oxygen species and toxic reactive metabolites and regulating the cellular redox homeostasis. Due to its own sulfhydryl (SH) group, GSH readily reacts with Ellman's reagent to form a stable dimer which allows for quantitative estimation of GSH in biological systems by UV detection. The separation was achieved using a C8 column with a mobile phase consisting of phosphate buffer adjusted to pH 2.5 (mobile phase A) and acetonitrile (mobile phase B), running in a segmented gradient manner at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min, and UV detection was performed at 280 nm. The developed HPLC-UV method was validated with respect to precision, accuracy, robustness, and linearity within a range of 1–20 μg/mL. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were 0.05 and 0.1 μg/mL, respectively. Furthermore, the method shows the applicability for monitoring the oxidative stress in PC-12 cells. PMID:27127683

  9. HPLC determination and pharmacokinetics of sustained-release bupropion tablets in dogs.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dandan; Yuan, Bo; Qiao, Mingxi; Li, Famei

    2003-09-19

    The pharmacokinetics and bioequivalency of a newly developed sustained-release bupropion tablet was studied in six dogs after single oral administration and compared with a regular tablet (RT) in randomized two-period crossover design. A sensitive and rapid HPLC method was developed and validated for the quantitative determination of bupropion in dog plasma. The compound and the internal standard (I.S.) (hydroxyethylfludiazepam) were extracted from the plasma samples by liquid-liquid extraction. The extracts were analyzed by a reversed-phase HPLC with 50 mmol/l phosphate buffer (pH 5.5)-methanol (45:55, v/v) as the eluent. The assay was specific for bupropion. The calibration curves were linear in the range between 1 and 750 ng/ml. The validated lower limit of quantification was 1 ng/ml. The overall precision (expressed as R.S.D.) of quality controls were within 15%. The method was successfully applied to the bioequivalency study of bupropion in the two formulations. The Cmax of sustained-release tablet (ST) was significantly lower than that of the RT and the Tmax was significantly longer than that of the RT (P<0.05). The relative bioavailability of the ST was (99.1+/-1.51)%, the results of ANOVA and two one sided tests indicated that the new ST exhibited good sustained release properties and was bioequivalent to the RT.

  10. A validated bioanalytical HPLC method for pharmacokinetic evaluation of 2-deoxyglucose in human plasma.

    PubMed

    Gounder, Murugesan K; Lin, Hongxia; Stein, Mark; Goodin, Susan; Bertino, Joseph R; Kong, Ah-Ng Tony; DiPaola, Robert S

    2012-05-01

    2-Deoxyglucose (2-DG), an analog of glucose, is widely used to interfere with glycolysis in tumor cells and studied as a therapeutic approach in clinical trials. To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of 2-DG, we describe the development and validation of a sensitive HPLC fluorescent method for the quantitation of 2-DG in plasma. Plasma samples were deproteinized with methanol and the supernatant was dried at 45°C. The residues were dissolved in methanolic sodium acetate-boric acid solution. 2-DG and other monosaccharides were derivatized to 2-aminobenzoic acid derivatives in a single step in the presence of sodium cyanoborohydride at 80°C for 45 min. The analytes were separated on a YMC ODS C₁₈ reversed-phase column using gradient elution. The excitation and emission wavelengths were set at 360 and 425 nm. The 2-DG calibration curves were linear over the range of 0.63-300 µg/mL with a limit of detection of 0.5 µg/mL. The assay provided satisfactory intra-day and inter-day precision with RSD less than 9.8%, and the accuracy ranged from 86.8 to 110.0%. The HPLC method is reproducible and suitable for the quantitation of 2-DG in plasma. The method was successfully applied to characterize the pharmacokinetics profile of 2-DG in patients with advanced solid tumors.

  11. HPLC profiles and biomarker contents of Australian-grown Salvia miltiorrhiza f. alba roots.

    PubMed

    Li, Chun Guang; Sheng, Shu Jun; Pang, Edwin C K; May, Brian; Xue, Charlie Chang Li

    2009-07-01

    Salvia miltiorrhiza f. alba (Baihua Danshen) is a Chinese medicinal herb commonly used for treating cardiovascular disease. It has been grown in Australia, although the quality of its main medicinal part (dried root) has not been assessed. In this study, we investigated HPLC profiles and biomarker contents of Australian-grown S. miltiorrhiza f. alba roots. Patterns of HPLC profiles were established in MeOH, and aqueous extracts in terms of number of common characteristic peaks and their relative retention times. The contents of three tanshinone biomarkers (cryptotanshinone (3), tanshinone I (1), and tanshinone IIA (2)) were significantly higher (p<0.05) in the roots of one-year-old plants than those of two-year-old plants. In contrast, salvianolic acid B (4) content was significantly higher in the roots of two-year-old plants than in those of one-year-old plants. The findings suggest that the biomarker contents in Australian-grown S. miltiorrhiza f. alba roots vary with the growth periods of the plants, which may be important in determining the optimal harvest time for the plant roots with targeted levels of tanshinones and salvianolic acid B (4).

  12. A single extraction and HPLC procedure for simultaneous analysis of phytosterols, tocopherols and lutein in soybeans.

    PubMed

    Slavin, Margaret; Yu, Liangli Lucy

    2012-12-15

    A saponification/extraction procedure and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis method were developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of phytosterols, tocopherols and lutein (a carotenoid) in soybeans. Separation was achieved on a phenyl column with a ternary, isocratic solvent system of acetonitrile, methanol and water (48:22.5:29.5, v/v/v). Evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD) was used to quantify β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, and α-, δ- and γ-tocopherols, while lutein was quantified with visible light absorption at 450 nm. Peak identification was verified by retention times and spikes with external standards. Standard curves were constructed (R(2)>0.99) to allow for sample quantification. Recovery of the saponification and extraction was demonstrated via analysis of spiked samples. Also, the accuracy of results of four soybeans using the described saponification and HPLC analytical method was validated against existing methods. This method offers a more efficient alternative to individual methods for quantifying lutein, tocopherols and sterols in soybeans.

  13. [Influence of combination on the specific chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza in sini decoctions by HPLC].

    PubMed

    Zhao, Huai-Bin; Hong, Yan-Long; Wang, You-Jie; Shen, Lan; Wu, Fei; Feng, Yi; Ruan, Ke-Feng

    2012-04-01

    The paper is to report the establishment of an HPLC specific chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza in Sini decoctions and the influence of combination on the specific chromatogram. The RP-HPLC method was used with a Phenomenex Gemini C18 column (250 mm x 4.6 mm ID, 5 microm), and acetonitrile-0.05% trifluoroacetic acid (gradient elution) as mobile phase. Flow rate was 0.8 mL x min(-1) and the detection wavelength was set at 232 nm. The temperature of column was 30 degrees C. The method is stable and reliable with a good reproducibility, it can be used to determine the specific chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza in Sini Decoctions. Twenty peaks were selected as specific peaks in Sini Decoction with liquiritin peak as the reference peak. Six of them were from Glycyrrhiza and the other 6 peaks were from both Glycyrrhiza and Ganjiangfuzi Decoction. The areas of specific peaks of Sini Decoctions were smaller than those in the chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza. The specific chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza in Sini Decoctions is markedly influenced by Radix Aconiti Carmichaeli and Rhizoma Zingiberis. The areas of the specific peaks in Sini Decoctions were reduced obviously. The method is stable and reliable with a good reproducibility, it can be used to determine the specific chromatogram of Glycyrrhiza in Sini Decoctions.

  14. Development and validation of RP-HPLC method for estimation of Cefotaxime sodium in marketed formulations.

    PubMed

    Lalitha, N; Pai, Pn Sanjay

    2009-12-01

    A RP-HPLC assay method has been developed and validated for cefotaxime. An isocratic RP-HPLC was developed on a SS Wakosil II- C8 column (250 mm ˜4.6 mm i.d., 5 μm) utilizing a mobile phase of ammonium acetate buffer (pH 6.8) and acetonitrile (85:15 v/v) with UV detection at wavelength 252 nm at the flow rate 0 .8 ml/min. The proposed method was validated for sensitivity, selectivity, linearity, accuracy, precision, ruggedness, robustness and solution stability. The response of the drug was linear in the concentration range of 10-70 μg/ml. Limit of detection and Limit of quantification was found to be 0.3 μg/ml and 0.6 μg/ml respectively. The % recovery ranged within 97-102 %. Method, system, interday and intraday precision was found to be within the limits of acceptance criteria. Method was found to be rugged when analysis was carried out by different analyst. The method was found to be sensitive and efficient with 2216 theoretical plates, 0.1128 mm HETP and tailing factor 1. The method was suitable for the quality control of cefotaxime in injection formulations.

  15. Enantiomeric resolution of ibuprofen and flurbiprofen in human plasma by SPE-chiral HPLC methods.

    PubMed

    Ali, Imran; Hussain, Iqbal; Saleem, Kishwar; Aboul-Enein, Hassan Y

    2012-07-01

    Chiral analysis of profens in human plasma is an important area of research due to different pharmaceutical activities of their enantiomers. The solid phase extraction of ibuprofen and flurbiprofen from human plasma was carried out on C18 cartridges by using phosphate buffer (50 mM, pH 6.0) followed by elution with methanol. Chiral-HPLC was performed on AmyCoat RP (150 mm x 46 mm, 3 μm particle size) column by using different combinations of water-acetonitrile-trifluoro acetic acid at 1.5 mLmin-1 flow rate. The detection was achieved at 236 and 254 nm for ibuprofen and flurbiprofen, respectively with 27±1°C as working temperature. The chromatographic parameters i.e. retention (k), separation (α) and resolution (Rs) factors ranged from 4.54-14.42, 1.10-1.30 and 1.01-1.49, respectively. The binding differences of enantiomers of ibuprofen and flurbiprofen were 4.4 and 5.2, respectively. These values suggest that S-(+)- enantiomer of flurbiprofen is more active than ibuprofen due to low enantiomeric difference of the later drug. The developed SPE-Chiral HPLC methods were validated, which are selective, efficient and reproducible.

  16. Antioxidant capacity and phenolic compounds of Lonicerae macranthoides by HPLC-DAD-QTOF-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Hu, Xin; Chen, Lin; Shi, Shuyun; Cai, Ping; Liang, Xuejuan; Zhang, Shuihan

    2016-05-30

    Lonicerae macranthoides with strong antioxidant activity is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and folk tea/beverage. However, detailed information about its antioxidant activity and bioactive compounds is limited. Then at first, we comparatively evaluated total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and antioxidant activities of water extract, petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions of L. macranthoides. Ethyl acetate fraction exhibited the highest level of TPC (207.38 mg GAE/g DW), TFC (53.06 mg RE/g DW) and the best DPPH scavenge activity and reducing power. n-Butanol fraction showed the best ABTS(+) and O2(-) scavenging activities. Interestingly, water extract, ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions showed stronger antioxidant activities than positive control, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). After that, thirty-one antioxidant phenolic compounds, including twenty-two phenolic acids and nine flavonoids, were screened by DPPH-HPLC experiment and then identified using HPLC-DAD-QTOF-MS/MS. It is noted that twenty-one compounds (1, 3-4, 6-17, 19, 23, 26, 28-29, and 31), as far as was known, were discovered from L. macranthoide for the first time, and eleven of them (3-4, 10-17, and 23) were reported in Lonicera species for the first time. Results indicated that L. macranthoides could serve as promising source of rich antioxidants in foods, beverages and medicines for health promotion.

  17. Cell extraction combined with off-line HPLC for screening active compounds from Coptis chinensis.

    PubMed

    Tang, Cheng; Wu, Xiao-Dan; Yu, Ya-Ming; Duan, Hongquan; Zhou, Jing; Xu, Liang

    2016-04-01

    Cell membrane chromatography is a useful tool for screening active compounds from natural products. As the reason of separation mechanism, traditional cell membrane chromatography could not be used for screening the active compounds absorbed through the cell membrane and influencing the cell signal transduction pathway. In this work, we establish a new method named cell extraction combined with off-line HPLC for screening the compounds penetrating the cell membrane. This is the first time 3 T3-L1 adipocyte culture has been combined with HPLC technology. Compared with other cell membrane chromatography methods, there is good resolution and no further analysis by other chromatographic steps is required. On co-incubating crude extracts of Coptis chinensis with cells and analyzing the compounds extracted by the cells, active compounds such as berberine were detected. Glucose consumption tests showed that berberine could increase glucose consumption by insulin-resistant 3 T3-L1 adipocytes. The levels of intracellular berberine correlated with its activity. The results indicate that the developed method could be an alternative method for screening active compounds from natural products.

  18. Quantitative HPLC Analysis of an Analgesic/Caffeine Formulation: Determination of Caffeine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferguson, Glenda K.

    1998-04-01

    A modern high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) laboratory experiment which entails the separation of acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine and the quantitative assay of caffeine in commercial mixtures of these compounds has been developed. Our HPLC protocol resolves these compounds in only three minutes with a straightforward chromatographic apparatus which consists of a C-18 column, an isocratic mobile phase, UV detection at 254 nm, and an integrator; an expensive, sophisticated system is not required. The separation is both repeatable and rapid. Moreover, the experiment can be completed in a single three-hour period. The experiment is appropriate for any chemistry student who has completed a minimum of one year of general chemistry and is ideal for an analytical or instrumental analysis course. The experiment detailed herein involves the determination of caffeine in Goody's Extra Strength Headache Powders, a commercially available medication which contains acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine as active ingredients. However, the separation scheme is not limited to this brand of medication nor is it limited to caffeine as the analyte. With only minor procedural modifications, students can simultaneously quantitate all of these compounds in a commercial mixture. In our procedure, students prepare a series of four caffeine standard solutions as well as a solution from a pharmaceutical analgesic/caffeine mixture, chromatographically analyze each solution in quadruplicate, and plot relative average caffeine standard peak area versus concentration. From the mathematical relationship that results, the concentration of caffeine in the commercial formulation is obtained. Finally, the absolute standard deviation of the mean concentration is calculated.

  19. Simple, rapid, and inexpensive cleanup method for quantitation of aflatoxins in important agricultural products by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Sobolev, Victor S

    2007-03-21

    A chemical cleanup procedure for low-level quantitative determination of aflatoxins in major economically important agricultural commodities using HPLC has been developed. Aflatoxins were extracted from a ground sample with MeOH/H2O (80:20, v/v), and after a cleanup step on a minicolumn packed with Florisil, aflatoxins were quantified by HPLC equipped with a C18 column, a photochemical reactor, and a fluorescence detector. Water/MeOH (63:37, v/v) served as the mobile phase. Recoveries of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, and G2 from peanuts spiked at 5, 1.7, 5, and 1.7 ng/g were 89.5+/-2.2, 94.7+/-2.5, 90.4+/-1.0, and 98.2+/-1.1, respectively (mean+/-SD, %, n=3). Similar recoveries, precision, and accuracy were achieved for corn, brown and white rice, cottonseed, almonds, Brazil nuts, pistachios, walnuts, and hazelnuts. The quantitation limits for aflatoxins in peanuts were 50 pg/g for aflatoxin B1 and 17 pg/g for aflatoxin B2. The minimal cost of the minicolumn allows for substantial savings compared with available commercial aflatoxin cleanup devices.

  20. The identification of markers for Geoforensic HPLC profiling at close proximity sites.

    PubMed

    McCulloch, G; Dawson, L A; Brewer, M J; Morgan, R M

    2017-03-01

    Soil is a highly transferable source of trace physical material that is both persistent in the environment and varied in composition. This inherent variability can provide useful information to determine the geographical origin of a questioned sample or when comparing and excluding samples, since the composition of soil is dependent on geographical factors such as climate, bedrock geology and land use. Previous studies have limited forensic relevance due to the requirement for large sample amounts and unrealistic differences between the land use and geographical location of the sample sites. In addition the philosophical differences between the disciplines of earth sciences, for which most analytical techniques have been designed, and forensic sciences, particularly with regard to sample preparation and data interpretation have not been fully considered. This study presents an enhanced technique for the analysis of organic components of geoforensic samples by improving the sample preparation and data analysis strategies used in previous research into the analysis of soil samples by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This study provides two alternative sets of marker peaks to generate HPLC profiles which allow both easy visual comparison of samples and the correct assignment of 100% of the samples to their location of origin when discriminating between locations of interest in multivariate statistical analyses. This technique thereby offers an independent form of analysis that is complementary to inorganic geoforensic techniques and offers an easily accessible method for discriminating between close proximity forensically relevant locations.

  1. Local round robin test for determination of aromatics in diesel fuels by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Segudović, Nikola; Tomić, Tatjana; Skrobonja, Liviana; Kontić, Ljubica

    2004-01-01

    Determination of aromatics in diesel fuels by HPLC is covered by European Standard EN 12916 (April 2000). The Standard is based on former standards IP 391/90 and IP 391/95. The method used for measurements is NP HPLC and separation is performed on silica or modified silica columns with RI detection. The precision of the method was checked by determining the repeatability and reproducibility. The content of aromatics was measured in a number of commercial samples. The measurements have been performed in three different laboratories and under different working and instrumental conditions. Satisfactory agreement was established for repeatability and was slightly poorer for reproducibility. The content of polyaromatics is within the tolerance range (IP 590/99) and the content of tricyclic and higher aromatics (tri+) is close to the limit of quantitition in some samples. Clear differences in the content of polycyclic aromatics in domestic diesel and eurodiesel fuels were observed. The results have confirmed the ruggedness and robustness of the measuring method.

  2. Application of Statistical Thermodynamics To Predict the Adsorption Properties of Polypeptides in Reversed-Phase HPLC.

    PubMed

    Tarasova, Irina A; Goloborodko, Anton A; Perlova, Tatyana Y; Pridatchenko, Marina L; Gorshkov, Alexander V; Evreinov, Victor V; Ivanov, Alexander R; Gorshkov, Mikhail V

    2015-07-07

    The theory of critical chromatography for biomacromolecules (BioLCCC) describes polypeptide retention in reversed-phase HPLC using the basic principles of statistical thermodynamics. However, whether this theory correctly depicts a variety of empirical observations and laws introduced for peptide chromatography over the last decades remains to be determined. In this study, by comparing theoretical results with experimental data, we demonstrate that the BioLCCC: (1) fits the empirical dependence of the polypeptide retention on the amino acid sequence length with R(2) > 0.99 and allows in silico determination of the linear regression coefficients of the log-length correction in the additive model for arbitrary sequences and lengths and (2) predicts the distribution coefficients of polypeptides with an accuracy from 0.98 to 0.99 R(2). The latter enables direct calculation of the retention factors for given solvent compositions and modeling of the migration dynamics of polypeptides separated under isocratic or gradient conditions. The obtained results demonstrate that the suggested theory correctly relates the main aspects of polypeptide separation in reversed-phase HPLC.

  3. A new technique for the separation and analysis of organomercury compounds: HPLC-PCO-CVAAS

    SciTech Connect

    Engelhart, W.G.

    1994-12-31

    While methodologies and instrumentation for mercury are well established, a simple, reliable technique for quantifying organomercury compounds has not emerged. The environmental impact of organomercurials cannot be accurately assessed without data from reliable, standardized analytical procedures. AOAC methods do exist for the analysis of methylmercury in fish tissue and are used for compliance monitoring of the FDA`s 1 ppm action level. However, these gas chromatographic based methods exhibit poor selectivity for organomercury compounds and limited sensitivity due to the small injection volumes used. Virtually all other publications in the field are feasibility studies reporting results obtained using modified, experimental instrumentation. Difficulties in interfacing the instruments required for separation with the instruments performing the quantitation function have hindered adoption of these experimental approaches as routine analytical methods. A new technique for the separation and analysis of organomercury compounds that overcomes the limitations of other techniques has recently been demonstrated. This technique termed HPLC-PCO-CVAAS combines high performance liquid chromatography with a post column oxidation step by followed by cold vapor atomic absorption spectroscopy. The underlying principles of the HPLC-PCO-CVAAS technique will be discussed and contrasted with other techniques. Analytical results obtained with methyl, phenyl and ethyl mercury species, and inorganic mercury (II) will be reported.

  4. Simultaneous determination of olanzapine and fluoxetine hydrochloride in capsules by spectrophotometry, TLC-spectrodensitometry and HPLC.

    PubMed

    Tantawy, Mahmoud A; Hassan, Nagiba Y; Elragehy, Nariman A; Abdelkawy, Mohamed

    2013-03-01

    This paper describes sensitive, accurate and precise spectrophotometric, TLC-spectrodensitometric and high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) methods for simultaneous determination of olanzapine and fluoxetine HCl. Two spectrophotometric methods were developed, namely; first derivative (D (1)) and derivative ratio (DD (1)) methods. The TLC method employed aluminum TLC plates precoated with silica gel GF254 as the stationary phase and methanol:toluene:ammonia (7:3:0.1, by volume) as the mobile phase, where the chromatogram was scanned at 235 nm. The developed HPLC method used a reversed phase C18 column with isocratic elution. The mobile phase composed of phosphate buffer pH 4.0:acetonitrile:triethylamine (53:47:0.03, by volume) at flow rate of 1.0 mL min(-1). Quantitation was achieved with UV detection at 235 nm. The methods were validated according to the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines. The selectivity of the proposed methods was tested using laboratory-prepared mixtures. The developed methods were successfully applied for the determination of olanzapine and fluoxetine HCl in bulk powder and combined capsule dosage form.

  5. A method for the measurement of atmospheric HONO based on DNPH derivatization and HPLC analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, X.; Qiao, H.; Deng, G.; Civerolo, K.

    1999-10-15

    A simple measurement technique was developed for atmospheric HONO based on aqueous scrubbing using a coil sampler followed by 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) derivatization and high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analysis. Quantitative sampling efficiency was obtained using a 1 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, as the scrubbing solution at a gas sampling flow rate of 2 L min{sup {minus}1} and a liquid flow rate of 0.24 mL min{sup {minus}1}. Derivation of the scrubbed nitrous acid by DNPH was fast and was completed within 5 min in a derivatization medium containing 300 {micro}M DNPH and 8 mM HCI at 45 C. The azide derivative was separated from DNPH reagent and carbonyl derivatives by reverse-phase HPLC and was detected with an UV detector at 309 nm. The detection limit is {le}5 pptv and may be lowered to 1 pptv with further DNPH purification. Interferences from NO, NO{sub 2} PAN, O{sub 3}, HNO{sub 3}, and HCHO were studied and found to be negligible. Ambient HONO concentration was measured simultaneously in downtown Albany, NY, by this method and by an ion chromatographic technique after sampling using a fritted bubbler. The results, from 70 pptv during the day to 1.7 ppbv in the early morning, were in very good agreement from the two techniques, within {+-} 20%.

  6. Detection of non-sterol isoprenoids by HPLC-MS/MS

    PubMed Central

    Henneman, Linda; van Cruchten, Arno G.; Denis, Simone W.; Amolins, Michael W.; Placzek, Andrew T.; Gibbs, Richard A.; Kulik, Willem; Waterham, Hans R.

    2012-01-01

    Isoprenoids constitute an important class of biomolecules that participate in many different cellular processes. Most available detection methods only allow the identification of one or two specific non-sterol isoprenoid intermediates following radioactive or fluorescent labeling. We here report a rapid, non-radioactive and sensitive procedure for the simultaneous detection and quantification of the 8 main non-sterol intermediates of the isoprenoid biosynthesis pathway by means of tandem mass spectrometry. Intermediates were analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS in the multiple reaction monitoring mode using a silica-based C18 HPLC column. For quantification, their stable-isotope-labeled analogues were used as internal standards. HepG2 cells were used to validate the method. Mevalonate, phosphomevalonate and the 6 subsequent isoprenoid-pyrophosphates were readily determined with detection limits ranging from 0.03 to 1.0 μmol/L. The intra- and interassay variations for HepG2 cell homogenates supplemented with isoprenoid intermediates were 3.6–10.9% and 4.4–11.9%, respectively. Under normal culturing conditions, isoprenoid intermediates in HepG2 cells were below detection limits. However, incubation of the cells with pamidronate, an inhibitor of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase, resulted in increased levels of MVA, IPP/DMAPP and GPP. This method will be suitable to measure profiles of isoprenoid intermediates in cells with compromised isoprenoid biosynthesis, and to determine the specificity of potential inhibitors of the pathway. PMID:18782552

  7. Quantitative HPLC Analysis of a Psychotherapeutic Medication: Simultaneous Determination of Amitriptyline Hydrochloride and Perphenazine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferguson, Glenda K.

    1998-12-01

    A quantitative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) laboratory experiment which entails the isocratic separation and simultaneous determination of the two active components of a commercial antipsychotic tablet has been developed. The prescription formulation used in this experiment contains amitriptyline hydrochloride (a tricyclic antidepressant) and perphenazine (a tranquilizer). Our experiment makes use of a straightforward HPLC separation on a cyanopropyl-packed column with an acetonitrile:methanol:aqueous monopotassium phosphate mobile phase pumped at a flow rate of 2.0 mL/min. Analytes are detected by UV absorbance at 215 nm. These conditions yield highly symmetrical and well-resolved peaks in less than 5 min after the injection of a mixture. In the experiment, students are given amitriptyline hydrochloride-perphenazine tablets without the manufacturer's labeled composition claim and a stock solution mixture with known concentrations of amitriptyline hydrochloride and perphenazine. They prepare four standards and a pharmaceutical sample of unknown concentration, assay each solution in quadruplicate, and plot average peak areas of the concentrations of the known solutions in the construction of a standard curve. From the mathematical relationships that result, the average masses of amitriptyline hydrochloride and perphenazine in the prescription tablet are determined. Finally, the standard deviations of the mean masses are calculated. The entire laboratory procedure and statistical data analysis can be completed in a single 3-hour period.

  8. Extraction and Determination of Cyproheptadine in Human Urine by DLLME-HPLC Method

    PubMed Central

    Maham, Mehdi; Kiarostami, Vahid; Waqif-Husain, Syed; Abroomand-Azar, Parviz; Tehrani, Mohammad Saber; Khoeini Sharifabadi, Malihe; Afrouzi, Hossein; Shapouri, MahmoudReza; Karami-Osboo, Rouhollah

    2013-01-01

    Novel dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME), coupled with high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (HPLC-DAD) has been applied for the extraction and determination of cyproheptadine (CPH), an antihistamine, in human urine samples. In this method, 0.6 mL of acetonitrile (disperser solvent) containing 30 μL of carbon tetrachloride (extraction solvent) was rapidly injected by a syringe into 5 mL urine sample. After centrifugation, the sedimented phase containing enriched analyte was dissolved in acetonitrile and an aliquot of this solution injected into the HPLC system for analysis. Development of DLLME procedure includes optimization of some important parameters such as kind and volume of extraction and disperser solvent, pH and salt addition. The proposed method has good linearity in the range of 0.02-4.5 μg mL-1 and low detection limit (13.1 ng mL-1). The repeatability of the method, expressed as relative standard deviation was 4.9% (n = 3). This method has also been applied to the analysis of real urine samples with satisfactory relative recoveries in the range of 91.6-101.0%. PMID:24250605

  9. HPLC Analysis, Optimization of Extraction Conditions and Biological Evaluation of Corylopsis coreana Uyeki Flos.

    PubMed

    Seo, Ji-Hye; Kim, Jung-Eun; Shim, Jung-Hyun; Yoon, Goo; Bang, Mi-Ae; Bae, Chun-Sik; Lee, Kyung-Jin; Park, Dae-Hun; Cho, Seung-Sik

    2016-01-15

    A method for the separation and quantification of three flavonoids and one isocoumarin by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has been developed and validated. Four constituents present in a crude ethanolic extract of the flowers of Coryloposis coreana Uyeki, were analyzed. Bergenin, quercetin, quercitrin and isosalipurposide were used as calibration standards. In the present study, an excellent linearity was obtained with an r² higher than 0.999. The chromatographic peaks showed good resolution. In combination with other validation data, including precision, specificity, and accuracy, this method demonstrated good reliability and sensitivity, and can be conveniently used for the quantification of bergenin, quercetin, quercitrin and isosalipurposide in the crude ethanolic extract of C. coreana Uyeki flos. Furthermore, the plant extracts were analyzed with HPLC to determine the four constituents and compositional differences in the extracts obtained under different extraction conditions. Several extracts of them which was dependent on the ethanol percentage of solvent were also analyzed for their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. One hundred % ethanolic extract from C. coreana Uyeki flos showed the best antimicrobial activity against the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain. Eighty % ethanolic extract showed the best antioxidant activity and phenolic content. Taken of all, these results suggest that the flower of C. coreana Uyeki flos may be a useful source for the cure and/or prevention of septic arthritis, and the validated method was useful for the quality control of C. coreana Uyeki.

  10. [Simultaneous determination of five organic acids in Kudiezi injection by HPLC].

    PubMed

    Liu, Rui; Sun, Lu; Zhao, Wen; Li, Yu-Bo; Zhang, Yan-Jun

    2013-10-01

    The aim was to develop a high performance liquid chromatography method for simultaneous determination of five organic acids in Kudiezi injection. The Diamonsil C18 column (4.6 mm x 200 mm, 5 microm) was adopted with acetonitrile and water as the mobile phase at a gradient mode program. The flow rate was 1.0 mL min-1 , detection wavelength was 325 nm, and column temperature was 35 degree C. The linear range of monocaffeyltartaric acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, and chicoric acid were 0. 64-81.60 (r =0. 999 9),0.09-11. 10 (r =0.999 8) ,0.09-11.30 (r =0. 999 8),0.10-12.80 (r =0.999 9),0.43-55. 50 mg L-1 (r = 0.999 8) , respectively. The average recoveries were 101.8% ,100. 9% ,99. 24% ,99. 83% ,101.9%, respectively, with RSD of less than 2.0%. The developed HPLC method was simple, sensitive and accurate with good repeatability. This work provided helpful information for comprehensive quality control of Kudiezi injection. [Key words] Kudiezi injection; organic acids; content determination; HPLC

  11. [Study on HPLC-eLSD fingerprint of total steroid saponins in herbs of Dioscorea zingiberensis].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xin-Xin; Liang, Jin-Ru; Zhao, Ye; Sun, Wen-Ji

    2013-10-01

    To establish a HPLC-ELSD fingerprint for total steroid saponins in herbs of Dioscorea zingiberensis. Welchrom C,8 (4. 6 mm x 250 mm,5 microm) chromatographic column was adopted and eluted with the mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-water (B) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL min-1. The column temperature was room temperature. The ELSD conditions were as follows: the temperature of drift tube was 90.0 degreeC, the flow rate of carrier gas (N2) was 2. 8 L min-1, and the injection volume was 10 microL. After the detection of 10 batches of samples,the common mode of HPLC-ELSD fingerprint for total steroid saponins in herbs of D. zingiberensis was established for the first time,and 25 common peaks were determined. Among them, 10 peaks were identified by comparing with reference substances. The similarities of 10 batches of herbs were evaluated in the common mode. All of them were higher than 0. 80. This method is so accurate, reliable and highly repeatable that it can provide scientific basis for evaluating and controlling the quality of total steroid saponins in herbs of D. zingiberensis.

  12. UV and circular dichroism thermal lens microscope for integrated chemical systems and HPLC on microchip

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mawatari, Kazuma; Kitamori, Takehiko

    2005-09-01

    Thermal lens microscope (TLM) is our original sensitive detector for non-fluorescent molecules in microspace. The principle is based on absorption of light followed by photothermal process. TLM has been successfully applied tosensitive detection on microchip, and TLM enabled various applications combined with microchip technologies. We are now developing HPLC microchips as one of the important separation techniques for analysis and synthesis. For HPLC microchip systems, direct and sensitive UV detection on microchip becomes key technology. Therefore, we extended applicability of TLM from visible to UV light absorbing samples by pulse UV laser excitation (UV-TLM). Quasi- continuous wave (QCW) method was applied for lock-in amplifier detection. By applying UV-TLM for biomolecules separation and detection, about two orders of higher sensitivity was achieved compared with UV spectrophotometer. For synthesis on microchip, recognition and detection of chiral samples become important in pharmaceutical field. Therefore, function of TLM was extended for selective detection of chiral samples by utilizing polarization modulation of excitation beam and resultant circular dichroism of sample (CD-TLM). The chirality of samples was detected selectively on microchip with two orders higher sensitivity than CD spectrophotometer. Finally, we explained the instrumentation using fiber optics and micro lens technology for achieving a miniaturized practical device.

  13. Simple HPLC method for detection of trace ephedrine and pseudoephedrine in high-purity methamphetamine.

    PubMed

    Makino, Yukiko

    2012-03-01

    A simple and sensitive HPLC technique was developed for the qualitative determination of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine (ephedrines), used as precursors of clandestine d-methamphetamine hydrochloride of high purity. Good separation of ephedrines from bulk d-methamphetamine was achieved, without any extraction or derivatization procedure on a CAPCELLPACK C18 MGII (250 × 4.6 mm) column. The mobile phase consisted of 50 mM KH2 PO4-acetonitrile (94:6 v/v %) using an isocratic pump system within 20 min for detecting two analytes. One run took about 50 min as it was necessary to wash out overloaded methamphetamine for column conditioning. The analytes were detected by UV absorbance measurement at 210 nm. A sample (20 mg) was simply dissolved in 1 mL of water, and a 50 μL aliquot of the solution was injected into the HPLC. The detection limits for ephedrine and pseudoephedrine in bulk d-methamphetamine were as low as 3 ppm each. This analytical separation technique made it possible to detect ephedrine and/or pseudoephedrine in seven samples of high-purity d-methamphetamine hydrochloride seized in Japan. The presence of trace ephedrines in illicit methamphetamine may strongly indicate a synthetic route via ephedrine in methamphetamine profiling. This method is simple and sensitive, requiring only commonly available equipment, and should be useful for high-purity methamphetamine profiling.

  14. HPLC/Fluorometric Detection of Carvedilol in Real Human Plasma Samples Using Liquid-Liquid Extraction.

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, Bilal; Arslan, Sakir

    2016-03-01

    A simple, rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed to quantify carvedilol in human plasma using an isocratic system with fluorescence detection. The method included a single-step liquid-liquid extraction with diethylether and ethylacetate mixture (3 : 1, v/v). HPLC separation was carried out by reversed-phase chromatography with a mobile phase composed of 20 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7)-acetonitrile (65 : 35, v/v), pumped at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. Fluorescence detection was performed at 240 nm (excitation) and 330 nm (emission). The calibration curve for carvedilol was linear from 10 to 250 ng/mL. Intra- and interday precision values for carvedilol in human plasma were <4.93%, and accuracy (relative error) was better than 4.71%. The analytical recovery of carvedilol from human plasma averaged out to 91.8%. The limits of detection and quantification of carvedilol were 3.0 and 10 ng/mL, respectively. Also, the method was successfully applied to three patients with hypertension who had been given an oral tablet of 25 mg carvedilol.

  15. Determination of memantine in plasma and vitreous humour by HPLC with precolumn derivatization and fluorescence detection.

    PubMed

    Puente, Belen; Hernandez, Esther; Perez, Susana; Pablo, Luis; Prieto, Esther; Garcia, Maria Angeles; Bregante, Miguel Angel

    2011-01-01

    A new HPLC procedure with precolumn derivatization and rimantadine as the internal standard for determining memantine, a candidate agent for the treatment of glaucoma in plasma and vitreous humour, has been developed and validated. Precolumn derivatization was performed with 9-fluorenylmethyl-chloroformate-chloride (FMOC-Cl) as the derivatization reagent and followed by a liquid-liquid extraction with n-hexane. Optimal conditions for derivatization were an FMOC-Cl concentration of 1.5 mM, a reaction time of 20 min, the temperature at 30°C, the borate buffer pH 8.5, and a borate buffer-acetonitrile ratio of 1:1. The derivatives were analyzed by isocratic HPLC with the fluorescence detector λex 260 nm λem 315 nm on a Novapack C(18) reversed-phase column with a mobile phase of acetonitrile-water (73:27, v/v), 40°C, and a flow rate of 1.2 mL/min. The linear range was 10-1000 ng/mL with a quantification limit of ∼ 10 ng/mL for both types of samples. This analytical method may be suitable for using in ocular availability studies.

  16. Analysis of bioactivities and chemical composition of Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. using HPLC-DAD.

    PubMed

    Brito, Sharlene M O; Coutinho, Henrique D M; Talvani, Andre; Coronel, Cathia; Barbosa, Andreza G R; Vega, Celeste; Figueredo, Fernando G; Tintino, Saulo R; Lima, Luciene F; Boligon, Aline A; Athayde, Margareth L; Menezes, Irwin R A

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical profile and antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiparasitic activities of the hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. (HELZJ). The antioxidant DPPH and FRAP assays and chemical profile were determined by colorimetric methods and HPLC/DAD. The antiparasitic, antibiotic and antibiotic-modifying activity were evaluated by microdilution assays. The HPLC-DAD assay showed the presence of mostly tannins and flavonoids, such as caffeic acid and quercetin. The levels of polyphenols and flavonoids were 183.136 mg/g extract and 7.37 mg/g extract, respectively. DPPH and FRAP showed low antioxidant activity for the extract. The antibacterial and antifungal activities were not of clinical relevance, showing MIC>1024 μg/mL. However, synergism was observed between HELZJ and the antibiotics amikacin and gentamicin, which resulted in decreased bacterial drug resistance. EHFZJ showed low toxicity in fibroblasts in vitro, while antiparasitic results against Trypnosoma cruzi, Leishmania braziliensis and Leishmania infantum were not clinically relevant. Thus, our results indicate that Z. joazeiro Mart. (HELZJ) could be a source of plant-derived natural products that could lead to the development of promising new antibiotic compounds for infectious diseases.

  17. HPLC-Based Method to Evaluate Kinetics of Glucosinolate Hydrolysis by Sinapis alba Myrosinase1

    PubMed Central

    Vastenhout, Kayla J.; Tornberg, Ruthellen H.; Johnson, Amanda L.; Amolins, Michael W.; Mays, Jared R.

    2014-01-01

    Isothiocyanates (ITCs) are one of several hydrolysis products of glucosinolates, plant secondary metabolites which are substrates for the thioglucohydrolase myrosinase. Recent pursuits toward the development of synthetic, non-natural ITCs have consequently led to an exploration of generating these compounds from non-natural glucosinolate precursors. Evaluation of the myrosinase-dependent conversion of select non-natural glucosinolates to non-natural ITCs cannot be accomplished using established UV-Vis spectroscopic methods. To overcome this limitation, an alternative HPLC-based analytical approach was developed where initial reaction velocities were generated from non-linear reaction progress curves. Validation of this HPLC method was accomplished through parallel evaluation of three glucosinolates with UV-Vis methodology. The results of this study demonstrate that kinetic data is consistent between both analytical methods and that the tested glucosinolates respond similarly to both Michaelis–Menten and specific activity analyses. Consequently, this work resulted in the complete kinetic characterization of three glucosinolates with Sinapis alba myrosinase, with results that were consistent with previous reports. PMID:25068719

  18. A global seasonal surface ocean climatology of phytoplankton types based on CHEMTAX analysis of HPLC pigments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Swan, Chantal M.; Vogt, Meike; Gruber, Nicolas; Laufkoetter, Charlotte

    2016-03-01

    Much advancement has been made in recent years in field data assimilation, remote sensing and ecosystem modeling, yet our global view of phytoplankton biogeography beyond chlorophyll biomass is still a cursory taxonomic picture with vast areas of the open ocean requiring field validations. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) pigment data combined with inverse methods offer an advantage over many other phytoplankton quantification measures by way of providing an immediate perspective of the whole phytoplankton community in a sample as a function of chlorophyll biomass. Historically, such chemotaxonomic analysis has been conducted mainly at local spatial and temporal scales in the ocean. Here, we apply a widely tested inverse approach, CHEMTAX, to a global climatology of pigment observations from HPLC. This study marks the first systematic and objective global application of CHEMTAX, yielding a seasonal climatology comprised of ~1500 1°×1° global grid points of the major phytoplankton pigment types in the ocean characterizing cyanobacteria, haptophytes, chlorophytes, cryptophytes, dinoflagellates, and diatoms, with results validated against prior regional studies where possible. Key findings from this new global view of specific phytoplankton abundances from pigments are a) the large global proportion of marine haptophytes (comprising 32±5% of total chlorophyll), whose biogeochemical functional roles are relatively unknown, and b) the contrasting spatial scales of complexity in global community structure that can be explained in part by regional oceanographic conditions. The results are publically accessible via

  19. Development and Validation of a HPLC and an UV Spectrophotometric Methods for Determination of Dexibuprofen in Pharmaceutical Preparations.

    PubMed

    Muralidharan, Selvadurai; Meyyanathan, Subramania Nainar

    2011-01-01

    A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) and a ultraviolet (UV) methods were developed and validated for the quantitative determination of Dexibuprofen (DI) in pharmaceutical dosage form. HPLC was carried out by reversed phase technique on a RP-18 column with a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile and 0.5% triethylamine (pH 7.5 adjusted with orthophosphoric acid (30 : 70, v/v)). UV method was performed with the λ max at 222.0 nm. Both the methods showed good linearity, reproducibility and precision. No spectral or chromatographic interferences from the tablet excipients were found in UV and HPLC. The method was successfully applied to commercial DEXIFEN tablets. Validation parameters such as linearity, precision, accuracy, and specificity were determined. The proposed method could be applicable for routine analysis of DI and monitoring of the quality of marketed drugs.

  20. Rapid, cost-effective and accurate quantification of Yucca schidigera Roezl. steroidal saponins using HPLC-ELSD method.

    PubMed

    Tenon, Mathieu; Feuillère, Nicolas; Roller, Marc; Birtić, Simona

    2017-04-15

    Yucca GRAS-labelled saponins have been and are increasingly used in food/feed, pharmaceutical or cosmetic industries. Existing techniques presently used for Yucca steroidal saponin quantification remain either inaccurate and misleading or accurate but time consuming and cost prohibitive. The method reported here addresses all of the above challenges. HPLC/ELSD technique is an accurate and reliable method that yields results of appropriate repeatability and reproducibility. This method does not over- or under-estimate levels of steroidal saponins. HPLC/ELSD method does not require each and every pure standard of saponins, to quantify the group of steroidal saponins. The method is a time- and cost-effective technique that is suitable for routine industrial analyses. HPLC/ELSD methods yield a saponin fingerprints specific to the plant species. As the method is capable of distinguishing saponin profiles from taxonomically distant species, it can unravel plant adulteration issues.

  1. HPLC method for the quantification of procyanidins in cocoa and chocolate samples and correlation to total antioxidant capacity.

    PubMed

    Adamson, G E; Lazarus, S A; Mitchell, A E; Prior, R L; Cao, G; Jacobs, P H; Kremers, B G; Hammerstone, J F; Rucker, R B; Ritter, K A; Schmitz, H H

    1999-10-01

    Monomeric and oligomeric procyanidins present in cocoa liquors and chocolates were separated and quantified in four different laboratories using a normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with fluorescence detection. Procyanidin standards through decamers were obtained by extraction from cocoa beans, enrichment by Sephadex LH-20 gel permeation chromatography, and final purification by preparative normal-phase HPLC. The purity of each oligomeric fraction was assessed using HPLC coupled to mass spectrometry. A composite standard was then prepared, and calibration curves were generated for each oligomeric class using a quadratic fit of area sum versus concentration. Results obtained by each of the laboratories were in close agreement, which suggests this method is reliable and reproducible for quantification of procyanidins. Furthermore, the procyanidin content of the samples was correlated to the antioxidant capacity measured using the ORAC assay as an indicator for potential biological activity.

  2. Analyses of polyphenols in cacao liquor, cocoa, and chocolate by normal-phase and reversed-phase HPLC.

    PubMed

    Natsume, M; Osakabe, N; Yamagishi, M; Takizawa, T; Nakamura, T; Miyatake, H; Hatano, T; Yoshida, T

    2000-12-01

    The antioxidant polyphenols in cacao liquor, a major ingredient of chocolate and cocoa, have been characterized as flavan-3-ols and proanthocyanidin oligomers. In this study, various cacao products were analyzed by normal-phase HPLC, and the profiles and quantities of the polyphenols present, grouped by molecular size (monomers to approximately oligomers), were compared. Individual cacao polyphenols, flavan-3-ols (catechin and epicatechin), and dimeric (procyanidin B2), trimeric (procyanidin C1), and tetrameric (cinnamtannin A2) proanthocyanidins, and galactopyranosyl-ent-(-)-epicatechin (2alpha-->7, 4alpha-->8)-(-)-epicatechin (Gal-EC-EC), were analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC and/or HPLC/MS. The profile of monomers (catechins) and proanthocyanidin in dark chocolate was similar to that of cacao liquor, while the ratio of flavan-3-ols to the total amount of monomeric and oligomeric polyphenols in the case of pure cocoa powder was higher than that in the case of cacao liquor or chocolate.

  3. Comparison between HPLC and HPTLC-densitometry for the determination of harpagoside from Harpagophytum procumbens CO(2)-extracts.

    PubMed

    Günther, M; Schmidt, P C

    2005-04-01

    Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) extracts of the secondary roots of Harpagophytum procumbens were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC). An isocratic HPLC method was used for the quantification of the iridoid glucoside harpagoside at 278 nm. A HPTLC assay was developed for the determination of harpagoside after coloration at 509 nm. The diode array detection of both analytical assays were used to examine the purity of harpagoside peaks and compared with the standards, respectively. The assays provide good accuracy, reproducibility and selectivity for the quantitative analysis of harpagoside. The harpagoside contents of 15 different CO(2)-extracts were compared by HPLC and HPTLC-densitometry. The quantitative results of both analytical methods did not show any statistical significance between each other, although a trend to slightly lower mean values could be found for the HPTLC method.

  4. Development of HPLC fingerprints for Mallotus species extracts and evaluation of the peaks responsible for their antioxidant activity.

    PubMed

    Nguyen Hoai, N; Dejaegher, B; Tistaert, C; Nguyen Thi Hong, V; Rivière, C; Chataigné, G; Phan Van, K; Chau Van, M; Quetin-Leclercq, J; Vander Heyden, Y

    2009-12-05

    Some Mallotus species are used in traditional medicine in Vietnam. To use certain species in Western medicines or as food supplements, they should be identified and quality control should be more strict, for instance, to avoid the erroneous switching of species. In species with interesting activities, the compounds responsible for them should be identified. For these identifications, HPLC fingerprint methodology can be used. In this paper, HPLC fingerprints of different lengths were developed for a number of Mallotus species. Secondly, a multivariate regression model was constructed to model the antioxidant activity of the Mallotus samples from the HPLC fingerprints with the aim to indicate peaks possibly responsible for this activity. For this purpose, after data pretreatment, the calibration technique partial least squares (PLS) was applied.

  5. A rapid and simple assay for lamotrigine in serum/plasma by HPLC, and comparison with an immunoassay.

    PubMed

    Morgan, Phillip E; Fisher, Danielle S; Evers, Richard; Flanagan, Robert J

    2011-07-01

    Monitoring serum/plasma concentrations of lamotrigine may be useful under certain circumstances. An HPLC column packed with strong cation-exchange (SCX)-modified microparticulate silica together with a 100% methanol eluent containing an ionic modifier permits direct injection of sample extracts. An HPLC-UV method developed using this principle for the measurement of serum/plasma lamotrigine is simple, sensitive and selective. The analysis time is less than 5 min. Intra- and inter-assay precision and accuracy meet acceptance criteria, and sample stability, and potential interferences from other compounds have been evaluated. There was good agreement with consensus mean results from external quality assessment samples (n = 32). Analysis of patient samples (n = 115) using the HPLC method and the Seradyn QMS® Lamotrigine immunoassay showed that the immunoassay over-estimated lamotrigine by 21% on average.

  6. Comparison of HPLC, UV spectrophotometry and potentiometric titration methods for the determination of lumefantrine in pharmaceutical products.

    PubMed

    da Costa César, Isabela; Nogueira, Fernando Henrique Andrade; Pianetti, Gérson Antônio

    2008-09-10

    This paper describes the development and evaluation of a HPLC, UV spectrophotometry and potentiometric titration methods to quantify lumefantrine in raw materials and tablets. HPLC analyses were carried out using a Symmetry C(18) column and a mobile phase composed of methanol and 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid (80:20), with a flow rate of 1.0ml/min and UV detection at 335nm. For the spectrophotometric analyses, methanol was used as solvent and the wavelength of 335nm was selected for the detection. Non-aqueous titration of lumefantrine was carried out using perchloric acid as titrant and glacial acetic acid/acetic anhydride as solvent. The end point was potentiometrically determined. The three evaluated methods showed to be adequate to quantify lumefantrine in raw materials, while HPLC and UV methods presented the most reliable results for the analyses of tablets.

  7. Genetic, epigenetic, and HPLC fingerprint differentiation between natural and ex situ populations of Rhodiola sachalinensis from Changbai Mountain, China.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Wei; Shi, Xiaozheng; Li, Jiangnan; Guo, Wei; Liu, Chengbai; Chen, Xia

    2014-01-01

    Rhodiola sachalinensis is an endangered species with important medicinal value. We used inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism (MSAP) markers to analyze genetic and epigenetic differentiation in different populations of R. sachalinensis, including three natural populations and an ex situ population. Chromatographic fingerprint was used to reveal HPLC fingerprint differentiation. According to our results, the ex situ population of R. sachalinensis has higher level genetic diversity and greater HPLC fingerprint variation than natural populations, but shows lower epigenetic diversity. Most genetic variation (54.88%) was found to be distributed within populations, and epigenetic variation was primarily distributed among populations (63.87%). UPGMA cluster analysis of ISSR and MSAP data showed identical results, with individuals from each given population grouping together. The results of UPGMA cluster analysis of HPLC fingerprint patterns was significantly different from results obtained from ISSR and MSAP data. Correlation analysis revealed close relationships among altitude, genetic structure, epigenetic structure, and HPLC fingerprint patterns (R2 = 0.98 for genetic and epigenetic distance; R2 = 0.90 for DNA methylation level and altitude; R2 = -0.95 for HPLC fingerprint and altitude). Taken together, our results indicate that ex situ population of R. sachalinensis show significantly different genetic and epigenetic population structures and HPLC fingerprint patterns. Along with other potential explanations, these findings suggest that the ex situ environmental factors caused by different altitude play an important role in keeping hereditary characteristic of R. sachalinensis.

  8. Genetic, Epigenetic, and HPLC Fingerprint Differentiation between Natural and Ex Situ Populations of Rhodiola sachalinensis from Changbai Mountain, China

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Wei; Shi, Xiaozheng; Li, Jiangnan; Guo, Wei; Liu, Chengbai; Chen, Xia

    2014-01-01

    Rhodiola sachalinensis is an endangered species with important medicinal value. We used inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism (MSAP) markers to analyze genetic and epigenetic differentiation in different populations of R. sachalinensis, including three natural populations and an ex situ population. Chromatographic fingerprint was used to reveal HPLC fingerprint differentiation. According to our results, the ex situ population of R. sachalinensis has higher level genetic diversity and greater HPLC fingerprint variation than natural populations, but shows lower epigenetic diversity. Most genetic variation (54.88%) was found to be distributed within populations, and epigenetic variation was primarily distributed among populations (63.87%). UPGMA cluster analysis of ISSR and MSAP data showed identical results, with individuals from each given population grouping together. The results of UPGMA cluster analysis of HPLC fingerprint patterns was significantly different from results obtained from ISSR and MSAP data. Correlation analysis revealed close relationships among altitude, genetic structure, epigenetic structure, and HPLC fingerprint patterns (R2 = 0.98 for genetic and epigenetic distance; R2 = 0.90 for DNA methylation level and altitude; R2 = –0.95 for HPLC fingerprint and altitude). Taken together, our results indicate that ex situ population of R. sachalinensis show significantly different genetic and epigenetic population structures and HPLC fingerprint patterns. Along with other potential explanations, these findings suggest that the ex situ environmental factors caused by different altitude play an important role in keeping hereditary characteristic of R. sachalinensis. PMID:25386983

  9. Determination of Carbonyl Compounds in Cork Agglomerates by GDME-HPLC-UV: Identification of the Extracted Compounds by HPLC-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Brandão, Pedro Francisco; Ramos, Rui Miguel; Almeida, Paulo Joaquim; Rodrigues, José António

    2017-02-08

    A new approach is proposed for the extraction and determination of carbonyl compounds in solid samples, such as wood or cork materials. Cork products are used as building materials due to their singular characteristics; however, little is known about its aldehyde emission potential and content. Sample preparation was done by using a gas-diffusion microextraction (GDME) device for the direct extraction of volatile aldehydes and derivatization with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine. Analytical determination of the extracts was done by HPLC-UV, with detection at 360 nm. The developed methodology proved to be a reliable tool for aldehyde determination in cork agglomerate samples with suitable method features. Mass spectrometry studies were performed for each sample, which enabled the identification, in the extracts, of the derivatization products of a total of 13 aldehydes (formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, furfural, propanal, 5-methylfurfural, butanal, benzaldehyde, pentanal, hexanal, trans-2-heptenal, heptanal, octanal, and trans-2-nonenal) and 4 ketones (3-hydroxy-2-butanone, acetone, cyclohexanone, and acetophenone). This new analytical methodology simultaneously proved to be consistent for the identification and determination of aldehydes in cork agglomerates and a very simple and straightforward procedure.

  10. HPLC/APCI Mass Spectrometry of Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbons by Using Hydrocarbon Solvents as the APCI Reagent and HPLC Mobile Phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Jinshan; Owen, Benjamin C.; Borton, David J.; Jin, Zhicheng; Kenttämaa, Hilkka I.

    2012-05-01

    Saturated and unsaturated, linear, branched, and cyclic hydrocarbons, as well as polyaromatic and heteroaromatic hydrocarbons, were successfully ionized by atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) using small hydrocarbons as reagents in a linear quadrupole ion trap (LQIT) mass spectrometer. Pentane was proved to be the best reagent among the hydrocarbon reagents studied. This ionization method generated different types of abundant ions (i.e., [M + H]+, M+•, [M - H]+ and [M - 2H]+ •), with little or no fragmentation. The radical cations can be differentiated from the even-electron ions by using dimethyl disulfide, thus facilitating molecular weight (MW) determination. While some steroids and lignin monomer model compounds, such as androsterone and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde, also formed abundant M+• and [M + H]+ ions, this was not true for all of them. Analysis of two known mixtures as well as a base oil sample demonstrated that each component of the known mixtures could be observed and that a correct MW distribution was obtained for the base oil. The feasibility of using this ionization method on the chromatographic time scale was demonstrated by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with hexane as the mobile phase (and APCI reagent) to separate an artificial mixture prior to mass spectrometric analysis.

  11. HPLC/APCI mass spectrometry of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons by using hydrocarbon solvents as the APCI reagent and HPLC mobile phase.

    PubMed

    Gao, Jinshan; Owen, Benjamin C; Borton, David J; Jin, Zhicheng; Kenttämaa, Hilkka I

    2012-05-01

    Saturated and unsaturated, linear, branched, and cyclic hydrocarbons, as well as polyaromatic and heteroaromatic hydrocarbons, were successfully ionized by atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) using small hydrocarbons as reagents in a linear quadrupole ion trap (LQIT) mass spectrometer. Pentane was proved to be the best reagent among the hydrocarbon reagents studied. This ionization method generated different types of abundant ions (i.e., [M + H](+), M(+•), [M - H](+) and [M - 2H](+ •)), with little or no fragmentation. The radical cations can be differentiated from the even-electron ions by using dimethyl disulfide, thus facilitating molecular weight (MW) determination. While some steroids and lignin monomer model compounds, such as androsterone and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde, also formed abundant M(+•) and [M + H](+) ions, this was not true for all of them. Analysis of two known mixtures as well as a base oil sample demonstrated that each component of the known mixtures could be observed and that a correct MW distribution was obtained for the base oil. The feasibility of using this ionization method on the chromatographic time scale was demonstrated by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with hexane as the mobile phase (and APCI reagent) to separate an artificial mixture prior to mass spectrometric analysis.

  12. Semi-preparative HPLC separation followed by HPLC/UV and tandem mass spectrometric analysis of phorbol esters in Jatropha seed.

    PubMed

    Kongmany, Santi; Hoa, Truong Thi; Hanh, Le Thi Ngoc; Imamura, Kiyoshi; Maeda, Yasuaki; Boi, Luu Van

    2016-12-01

    Phorbol esters (PEs) are well known as the main toxic compounds in Jatropha curcas Linnaeus (JCL), the seed oil of which has been considered as a major feedstock for the production of biodiesel. In the present study, we investigated a series of PEs extracted from JCL seed kernels with methanol (MeOH), and identified more than seven components contained in the PEs. The isolation of main five components of a series of PEs was revised using a semi-preparative reversed phase HPLC analysis of ODS-3 column. The five peaks of components were successfully isolated, and peaks of J2, J3, J5, and J7 were assigned to be Jatropha factors C1, C2, C3, and C4/5, but J6 was a mixture of Jatropha factor C6 and its isomer based on the data of UV and LC-MS/MS, and J2 was identified using (1)H NMR analysis. By characterization using LC-MS/MS analysis, all components of a series of PEs were elucidated to be the 12-deoxy-16-hydroxyphorbol esters composed of isomeric form of dicarboxylic groups with same m/z value of 380.

  13. Detection of isorhamnetin glycosides in extracts of apples (Malus domestica cv. "Brettacher") by HPLC-PDA and HPLC-APCI-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Schieber, Andreas; Keller, Petra; Streker, Petra; Klaiber, Iris; Carle, Reinhold

    2002-01-01

    Extracts of apple fruits (Malus domestica cv. "Brettacher") were analysed by HPLC with photodiode array detection. An unknown peak was monitored displaying the same retention time as isorhamnetin 3-O-glucoside. Preliminary identification of the isorhamnetin aglycone was performed by comparison of UV spectral data of the unknown compound with a reference substance. Using atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry in the negative ion mode, the presence of an isorhamnetin glycoside was supported by loss of 162 amu from the pseudomolecular ion (m/z 477). MS2 product ion analysis of the parent ion m/z 477 provided a fragmentation pattern identical to the reference. Collision-induced dissociation of the aglycone (m/z 315) in the MS3 product ion analysis allowed the differentiation of rhamnetin and isorhamnetin, and unambiguous assignment by comparison with standard compounds. A second isorhamnetin glycoside eluting prior to the glucoside was tentatively identified as isorhamnetin 3-O-galactoside. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of isorhamnetin glycosides in apple fruit extracts. Results are discussed with respect to chemotaxonomic relevance within the genera Malus and Pyrus, and especially in consideration of the control of the authenticity of apple products.

  14. Ibuprofen metabolite profiling using a combination of SPE/column-trapping and HPLC-micro-coil NMR.

    PubMed

    Djukovic, Danijel; Appiah-Amponsah, Emmanuel; Shanaiah, Narasimhamurthy; Gowda, G A Nagana; Henry, Ian; Everly, Mike; Tobias, Brian; Raftery, Daniel

    2008-06-09

    Solid-phase extraction and column-trapping preconcentration are combined to enhance HPLC-nuclear magnetic resonance (HPLC-NMR) and applied to metabolite profiling in biological samples. Combining the two signal enhancement techniques improved the NMR signal substantially such that we were able to identify 2-hydroxyibuprofen, carboxyibuprofen, and unmetabolized ibuprofen molecules from a small urine sample after a therapeutic dose of ibuprofen. The hyphenated SPE/column-trapping method resulted in an excellent overall signal enhancement of up to 90-fold.

  15. HPLC method development for evolving applications in the pharmaceutical industry and nanoscale chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castiglione, Steven Louis

    As scientific research trends towards trace levels and smaller architectures, the analytical chemist is often faced with the challenge of quantitating said species in a variety of matricies. The challenge is heightened when the analytes prove to be potentially toxic or possess physical or chemical properties that make traditional analytical methods problematic. In such cases, the successful development of an acceptable quantitative method plays a critical role in the ability to further develop the species under study. This is particularly true for pharmaceutical impurities and nanoparticles (NP). The first portion of the research focuses on the development of a part-per-billion level HPLC method for a substituted phenazine-class pharmaceutical impurity. The development of this method was required due to the need for a rapid methodology to quantitatively determine levels of a potentially toxic phenazine moiety in order to ensure patient safety. As the synthetic pathway for the active ingredient was continuously refined to produce progressively lower amounts of the phenazine impurity, the approach for increasingly sensitive quantitative methods was required. The approaches evolved across four discrete methods, each employing a unique scheme for analyte detection. All developed methods were evaluated with regards to accuracy, precision and linear adherence as well as ancillary benefits and detriments -- e.g., one method in this evolution demonstrated the ability to resolve and detect other species from the phenazine class. The second portion of the research focuses on the development of an HPLC method for the quantitative determination of NP size distributions. The current methodology for the determination of NP sizes employs tunneling electron microscopy (TEM), which requires sample drying without particle size alteration and which, in many cases, may prove infeasible due to cost or availability. The feasibility of an HPLC method for NP size characterizations evolved

  16. Determination of telaprevir in plasma of HCV-infected patients by HPLC-UV.

    PubMed

    Tempestilli, Massimo; Milano, Elisa; D'Offizi, Gianpiero; Montalbano, Marzia; D'Avolio, Antonio; Gasperi, Tecla; Narciso, Pasquale; Ascenzi, Paolo; Pucillo, Leopoldo P

    2013-09-01

    Telaprevir is a direct acting antiviral agent, used with pegylated interferon and ribavirin for the management of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection, in patients not responding to therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin only. Although 75% of patients achieve a sustained virological response after treatment with telaprevir, adverse drug-drug interactions and undesirable events often occur. Therefore, telaprevir monitoring is pivotal to improve the management of HCV infection. Here, the first High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Ultraviolet (HPLC-UV) method to quantify telaprevir in human plasma of HCV-genotype 1-infected patients is reported. The volume of the plasma sample was 700 μL. This method involved automated solid-phase extraction with Oasis HLB Cartridge 1 cc (divinylbenzene and N-vinylpyrrolidone). The extracted samples were reconstituted with 150 μL of 60/40 water/acetonitrile. Thirty microliters of these samples was injected into a HPLC-UV system, and the analytes were eluted on a X Terra(®) RP18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm i.d.) with a particle size of 5 μm. The mobile phase (ammonium acetate buffer, 150 mM, pH 8.0, and methanol:acetonitrile 50:50) was delivered at 1.0 mL/min with linear gradient elution. The total run time for a single analysis was 16 min; telaprevir was detected by UV at 276 and 286 nm. The calibration curve was linear from 312.5 to 20,000 ng/mL (r(2) > 0.996). The absolute recovery of telaprevir ranged between 89 and 93% at concentrations of quality control samples of 800, 4,000, 8,000, and 16,000 ng/mL. Both precision and accuracy were always <15%. The HPLC-UV method reported here: (i) has been validated, (ii) is currently applied to monitor telaprevir in plasma of HCV-infected patients, and (iii) appears useful in a routine laboratory. ,

  17. Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant Activity and HPLC Fingerprinting Profiles of Three Pyrola Species from Different Regions

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Dongmei; He, Fengyuan; Lv, Zhenjiang; Li, Dengwu

    2014-01-01

    The present study was performed to investigate the variation of phytochemical composition, antioxidant activity and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) fingerprinting profiles of three Pyrola species. Thirteen samples (eight P. decorata, three P. calliantha and two P. renifolia) were collected from different regions in China. The tannin, hyperoside and quercetin contents of all samples were determined by reverse-phase HPLC and varied within the range 9.77–34.75, 0.34–2.16 and 0.062–0.147 mg/g dry weigh, respectively. Total flavonoid content was evaluated and varied within the range 16.22–37.82 mg/g dry weight. Antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH assay, with IC50 ranging from 7.96 to 50.33 µg/ml, ABTS•+ and FRAP assay, within the range 612.66–1021.05 and 219.64–398.12 µmol equiv. Trolox/g, respectively. These results revealed that there were significant variations in phytochemical profiles and antioxidant activity among all samples. Due to the higher phytochemical content and significant antioxidant activity, P. calliantha was selected as the most valuable species, and the P. calliantha sample from Left banner of Alxa even possessed the strongest antioxidant activity among all the thirteen samples. Futhermore, Emei Mountain was proved to be the most suitable region for producing P. decorata. Moreover, in order to further evaluate the diversities and quality of Pyrola, HPLC fingerprint analysis coupled with hierarchical cluster and discrimination analyses were introduced to establish a simple, rapid and effective method for accurate identification, classification and quality assessment of Pyrola. Thirteen samples were divided into three groups consistent with their morphological classification. Two types of discriminant functions were generated and the ratio of discrimination was 100%. This method can identify different species of Pyrola and the same species from different regions of origin. Also, it can be used to compare and

  18. Isolation, Cytotoxicity Evaluation and HPLC-Quantification of the Chemical Constituents from Prangos pabularia

    PubMed Central

    Farooq, Saleem; Shakeel-u-Rehman; Dangroo, Nisar Ahmad; Priya, Dev; Banday, Javid Ahmad; Sangwan, Pyare Lal; Qurishi, Mushtaq Ahmad; Koul, Surrinder; Saxena, Ajit Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Phytochemical analysis of the dichloromethane:methanol (1∶1) extract of root parts of Prangos pabularia led to the isolation of twelve cytotoxic constituents, viz., 6-hydroxycoumarin (1), 7-hydroxycoumarin (2), heraclenol-glycoside (3), xanthotoxol (4), heraclenol (5), oxypeucedanin hydrate (6), 8-((3,3-dimethyloxiran-2-yl)methyl)-7-methoxy-2H-chromen-2-one (7), oxypeucedanin hydrate monoacetate (8), xanthotoxin (9), 4-((2-hydroxy-3-methylbut-3-en-1-yl)oxy)-7H-furo[3,2-g]chromen-7-one (10), imperatorin (11) and osthol (12). The isolates were identified using spectral techniques in the light of literature. 3-(4,5-dimethyl thiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) cytotoxicity screening of the isolated constituents was carried out against six human cancer cell lines including lung (A549 and NCI-H322), epidermoid carcinoma (A431), melanoma (A375), prostate (PC-3) and Colon (HCT-116) cell lines. Osthol (12) exhibited the highest cytotoxicity with IC50 values of 3.2, 6.2, 10.9, 14.5, 24.8, and 30.2 µM against epidermoid carcinoma (A431), melanoma (A375), lung (NCI-H322), lung (A549), prostate (PC-3) and colon (HCT-116) cell lines respectively. Epidermoid carcinoma cell line A431 was sensitive to most of the compounds followed by lung (A549) cancer cell line. Finally a simple and reliable HPLC method was developed (RP-HPLC-DAD) and validated for the simultaneous quantification of these cytotoxic constituents in Prangos pabularia. The extract was analyzed using a reversed-phase Agilent ZORBAX eclipse plus column C18 (4.6×250 mm, 5 µm) at 250 nm wavelength using a gradient water-methanol solvent system at a flow rate of 0.8 ml/min. The RP-HPLC method is validated in terms of recovery, linearity, accuracy and precision (intra and inter-day validation). This method, because of shorter analysis time, makes it valuable for the commercial quality control of Prangos pabularia extracts and its future pharmaceutical preparations. PMID:25314269

  19. HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS screening of bioactive components from Rhus coriaria L. (Sumac) fruits.

    PubMed

    Abu-Reidah, Ibrahim M; Ali-Shtayeh, Mohammed S; Jamous, Rana M; Arráez-Román, David; Segura-Carretero, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Rhus coriaria L. (sumac) is an important crop widely used in the Mediterranean basin as a food spice, and also in folk medicine, due to its health-promoting properties. Phytochemicals present in plant foods are in part responsible for these consequent health benefits. Nevertheless, detailed information on these bioactive compounds is still scarce. Therefore, the present work was aimed at investigating the phytochemical components of sumac fruit epicarp using HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS in two different ionisation modes. The proposed method provided tentative identification of 211 phenolic and other phyto-constituents, most of which have not been described so far in R. coriaria fruits. More than 180 phytochemicals (tannins, (iso)flavonoids, terpenoids, etc.) are reported herein in sumac fruits for the first time. The obtained results highlight the importance of R. coriaria as a promising source of functional ingredients, and boost its potential use in the food and nutraceutical industries.

  20. Extraction and identification of flavonoids from parsley extracts by HPLC analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stan, M.; Soran, M. L.; Varodi, C.; Lung, I.

    2012-02-01

    Flavonoids are phenolic compounds isolated from a wide variety of plants, and are valuable for their multiple properties, including antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. In the present work, parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) extracts were obtained by three different extraction techniques: maceration, ultrasonic-assisted and microwave-assisted solvent extractions. The extractions were performed with ethanol-water mixtures in various ratios. From these extracts, flavonoids like the flavones apigenin and luteolin, and the flavonols quercetin and kaempferol were identified using an HPLC Shimadzu apparatus equipped with PDA and MS detectors. The separation method involved a gradient step. The mobile phase consisted of two solvents: acetonitrile and distilled water with 0.1% formic acid. The separation was performed on a RP-C18 column.

  1. Resonance light scattering determination of 6-mercaptopurine coupled with HPLC technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Ai Ping; Peng, Jing Dong; Zhou, MingQiong; Zhang, Jin

    2016-02-01

    A simple, fast, costless, sensitive and selective method of resonance light scattering coupled with HPLC was established for the determination of 6-mercaptopurine in human urine sample. In a Britton-Robinson buffer solution of pH 5.5, the formation of coordination complex between 6-mercaptopurine and metal palladium (II) led to enhance the RLS intensity of the system. The RLS signal was detected by fluorescence detector at λex = λem = 315 nm. The analytical parameters were provided by the coupled system, the linear of 6-mercaptopurine response from 0.0615 to 2.40 μg L- 1 and the limit of detection (S/N = 3) was 0.05 μg L- 1. The presented method has been applied to determine 6-mercaptopurine in human urine samples which obtained satisfactory results. Moreover, the reaction mechanism and possible reasons for enhancement of RLS were fully discussed.

  2. Determination of some polyphenolic compounds from Allium species by HPLC-UV-MS.

    PubMed

    Parvu, Marcel; Toiu, Anca; Vlase, Laurian; Alina Parvu, Elena

    2010-09-01

    Five Allium species (Allium obliquum L., A. senescens L. subsp. montanum (Fries) Holub, A. schoenoprasum L. subsp. schoenoprasum, A. fistulosum L. and A. ursinum L.) were analysed in order to determine the presence of 19 polyphenolic compounds through an HPLC method coupled with UV and mass spectrometry detection. The pattern of phenol carboxylic acids indicates the presence of p-coumaric and ferulic acids in all species. Isoquercitrin was found in A. obliquum, A. schoenoprasum and A. fistulosum, rutin in A. senescens subsp. montanum and A. schoenoprasum, whereas quercitrin was found only in A. fistulosum, so they represent potential taxonomic markers that differentiate the four plants. Luteolin and apigenin were identified before and after hydrolysis only in A. obliquum. The amounts of all polyphenols were higher in hydrolysed samples, suggesting that these substances are present both as unbonded and bonded glycosides and/or esters. Our study showed large differences between the five Allium species, both qualitative and quantitative.

  3. Identification and quantification of carotenoids, by HPLC-PDA-MS/MS, from Amazonian fruits.

    PubMed

    de Rosso, Veridiana V; Mercadante, Adriana Z

    2007-06-27

    The major and minor carotenoids from six fruits, buriti (Mauritia vinifera), mamey (Mammea americana), marimari (Geoffrola striata), peach palm (Bactrys gasipaes), physalis (Physalis angulata), and tucuma (Astrocaryum aculeatum), all native to the Amazonia region, were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array detector-mass spectrometry detector (HPLC-PDA-MS/MS), fulfilling the recommended criteria for identification. A total of 60 different carotenoids were separated on a C30 column, all-trans-beta-carotene being the major carotenoid found in all fruits. The presence of apo-10'-beta-carotenol, found in mamey, was not previously reported in foods. In addition, this is the first time that the identification of beta-zeacarotene in natural sources is supported by MS data. The total carotenoid content ranged from 38 microg/g in marimari to 514 microg/g in buriti. All fruits analyzed can be considered good sources of provitamin A, especially buriti, with 7280 RE/100 g.

  4. Structural Analysis and Quantitative Determination of Clevidipine Butyrate Impurities Using an Advanced RP-HPLC Method.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Yuxia; Zhou, Fan; Yan, Fei; Yang, Feng; Yao, Yuxian; Zou, Qiaogen

    2016-03-01

    Eleven potential impurities, including process-related compounds and degradation products, have been analyzed by comprehensive studies on the manufacturing process of clevidipine butyrate. Possible formation mechanisms could also be devised. MS and NMR techniques have been used for the structural characterization of three previously unreported impurities (Imp-3, Imp-5 and Imp-11). To separate and quantify the potential impurities in a simultaneous fashion, an efficient and advanced RP-HPLC method has been developed. In doing so, four major degradation products (Imp-2, Imp-4, Imp-8 and Imp-10) can be observed under varying stress conditions. This analytical method has been validated according to ICH guidelines with respect to specificity, accuracy, linearity, robustness and stability. The method described has been demonstrated to be applicable in routine quality control processes and stability evaluation studies of clevidipine butyrate.

  5. HPLC method for identification and quantification of benzimidazole derivatives in antiparasitic drugs.

    PubMed

    Kulik, Anna; Białecka, Wanda; Podolska, Marzena; Kwiatkowska-Puchniarz, Barbara; Mazurek, Aleksander

    2011-01-01

    The subject of the study was to develop a versatile HPLC system for identification and determination of four benzimidazole derivatives in the antiparasitic drugs. The tests covered: Zentel, Panacur, Vermox tablets and Systamex suspension. A satisfactory separation was obtained using the Nucleosil C8 column in the gradient system composed of mobile phase A: 85% orthophosphoric acid / water / acetonitrile in 0.05:75:25, v/v/v ratio, and mobile phase B: 85% orthophosphoric acid / water / acetonitrile in 0.05:50:50, v/v/v ratio. Both phases were adjusted to pH = 4.5 with 15% sodium hydroxide solution. A detection at 288 nm for oxfendazole and 254 nm for albendazole, fenbendazole and mebendazole was applied. The correlation coefficients in the range 0,9997 - 0,9999 proved that the calibration curves were linear. The method was validated in terms of selectivity, accuracy and precision.

  6. Histaminol: identification and HPLC analysis of a novel compound in wine.

    PubMed

    Bordiga, Matteo; Travaglia, Fabiano; Locatelli, Monica; Arlorio, Marco; Coïsson, Jean Daniel

    2010-09-22

    Histaminol, a minor histamine metabolite originating from imidazole acetaldehyde, has been detected in a food matrix as complex as wine. The standard molecule was synthesized, and subsequently the chemical structure was confirmed by ESI-MS and NMR measurements. The development, optimization, and in-house validation of a HPLC-DAD chromatographic method for the quantitative determination of histaminol in wine are described and discussed. The expanded uncertainty (U(k=2)) of the procedure was estimated as 11.06%. Twenty commercial Italian wine samples were selected. All samples (16 red and 4 white wines) were analyzed after a C-18 SPE cartridge fractionation procedure. The content of this alcohol was in the range of 0.289-1.094 mg/L (minimum and maximum values were obtained for Nero d'Avola vintage 2007 and Barolo vintage 1969, respectively).

  7. Exhaled breath condensate analysis from intubated newborns by nano-HPLC coupled to high resolution MS.

    PubMed

    Kononikhin, A S; Starodubtseva, N L; Chagovets, V V; Ryndin, A Y; Burov, A A; Popov, I A; Bugrova, A E; Dautov, R A; Tokareva, A O; Podurovskaya, Y L; Ionov, O V; Frankevich, V E; Nikolaev, E N; Sukhikh, G T

    2017-03-15

    Invasiveness of examination and therapy methods is a serious problem for intensive care and nursing of premature infants. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is the most attractive biofluid for non-invasive methods development in neonatology for monitoring the status of intubated infants. The aim of the study was to propose an approach for EBC sampling and analysis from mechanically ventilated neonates. EBC collection system with good reproducibility of sampling was demonstrated. Discovery-based proteomic and metabolomic studies were performed using nano-HPLC coupled to high resolution MS. Label-free semi-quantitative data were compared for intubated neonates with congenital pneumonia (12 infants) and left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (12 infants) in order to define disease-specific features. Totally 119 proteins and 164 metabolites were found. A number of proteins and metabolites that can act as potential biomarkers of respiratory diseases were proposed and require further validation.

  8. Resonance light scattering determination of 6-mercaptopurine coupled with HPLC technique.

    PubMed

    Li, Ai Ping; Peng, Jing Dong; Zhou, MingQiong; Zhang, Jin

    2016-02-05

    A simple, fast, costless, sensitive and selective method of resonance light scattering coupled with HPLC was established for the determination of 6-mercaptopurine in human urine sample. In a Britton-Robinson buffer solution of pH5.5, the formation of coordination complex between 6-mercaptopurine and metal palladium (II) led to enhance the RLS intensity of the system. The RLS signal was detected by fluorescence detector at λ(ex)=λ(em)=315 nm. The analytical parameters were provided by the coupled system, the linear of 6-mercaptopurine response from 0.0615 to 2.40 μg L(-1) and the limit of detection (S/N=3) was 0.05 μg L(-1). The presented method has been applied to determine 6-mercaptopurine in human urine samples which obtained satisfactory results. Moreover, the reaction mechanism and possible reasons for enhancement of RLS were fully discussed.

  9. HPLC Quantification of Phenolic Acids from Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash and Its Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity

    PubMed Central

    Prajna, Jha; Richa, Jindal; Dipjyoti, Chakraborty

    2013-01-01

    Extraction procedure was standardized and for the soluble, glycoside, and wall-bound fractions of phenolic acids from Vetiveria zizanioides. The water soluble alkaline extract which represents the cell wall-bound fraction contained the highest amount of phenolic acids (2.62 ± 1.2 μM/g fwt GA equivalents). Increased phenolic content in the cell wall indicates more lignin deposition which has an important role in plant defense and stress mitigation. Antioxidant property expressed as percentage TEAC value obtained by ABTS assay was correlated with the amount of phenolic acids and showed a Pearson's coefficient 0.988 (significant at 0.01 level). The compounds p-coumaric acid, p-dihydroxybenzoic acid, and ferulic acid were detected in the acidic extracts by HPLC analysis. The plant extracts exhibited considerable antimicrobial activity against tested bacterial and fungal strains. PMID:26555971

  10. Speciation of nickel by HPLC-UV/MS in pea nodules.

    PubMed

    Cacho, C; Brito, B; Palacios, J; Pérez-Conde, C; Cámara, C

    2010-11-15

    A new and sensitive methodology based on normal phase HPLC has been developed for the speciation of nickel in low-complexity plant extracts. The method combines a silica stationary phase column, a 9:1 (v/v) hexane:ethanol mixture as mobile phase, and the detection of nickel complexes by either UV or MS. The developed methodology was applied to the speciation of nickel complexes in the cytoplasm of pea root nodules. Results obtained indicate that nickel citrate and nickel malate accounts for 99% of nickel present in pea nodule cytoplasm fraction. The low detection limit of the method (<0.2 nM) enables nickel speciation in non-hyperaccumulator plants.

  11. Analysis of peptides using an integrated microchip HPLC-MS/MS system.

    SciTech Connect

    Kirby, Brian J.; Chirica, Gabriela S.; Reichmuth, David S.

    2004-06-01

    Hyphendated LC-MS techniques are quickly becoming the standard tool for protemic analyses. For large homogeneous samples, bulk processing methods and capillary injection and separation techniques are suitable. However, for analysis of small or heterogeneous samples, techniques that can manipulate picoliter samples without dilution are required or samples will be lost or corrupted; further, static nanospray-type flowrates are required to maximize SNR. Microchip-level integration of sample injection with separation and mass spectrometry allow small-volume analytes to be processed on chip and immediately injected without dilution for analysis. An on-chip HPLC was fabricated using in situ polymerization of both fixed and mobile polymer monoliths. Integration of the chip with a nanospray MS emitter enables identification of peptides by the use of tandem MS. The chip is capable of analyzing of very small sample volumes (< 200 pl) in short times (< 3 min).

  12. Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN) Surveillance by HPLC-MS: Instrumental Parameters Development

    SciTech Connect

    Harvey, C A; Meissner, R

    2005-11-04

    Surveillance of PETN Homologs in the stockpile here at LLNL is currently carried out by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultra violet (UV) detection. Identification of unknown chromatographic peaks with this detection scheme is severely limited. The design agency is aware of the limitations of this methodology and ordered this study to develop instrumental parameters for the use of a currently owned mass spectrometer (MS) as the detection system. The resulting procedure would be a ''drop-in'' replacement for the current surveillance method (ERD04-524). The addition of quadrupole mass spectrometry provides qualitative identification of PETN and its homologs (Petrin, DiPEHN, TriPEON, and TetraPEDN) using a LLNL generated database, while providing mass clues to the identity of unknown chromatographic peaks.

  13. Characterization of triterpenic acids in fruits of ziziphus species by HPLC-ELSD-MS.

    PubMed

    Guo, Sheng; Duan, Jin-Ao; Tang, Yu-Ping; Yang, Nian-Yun; Qian, Da-Wei; Su, Shu-Lan; Shang, Er-Xin

    2010-05-26

    The fruits of Ziziphus species have been utilized as food as well as crude drugs for their health benefits in China for thousands of years. This paper reported a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the simultaneous characterization and quantitation of 11 triterpenic acids in chloroform extracts of jujube fruits by using an evaporative light scattering detector (ELSD) and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The results showed that the contents of triterpenic acids in the fruits of Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa were higher than those in the fruits of Z. jujuba, especially for the compound pomonic acid. Differences were also found among the different parts of Z. jujuba var. spinosa fruits with the sarcocarp having a higher amount of triterpenic acids than the seed and hard core.

  14. Microwave-assisted extraction of green coffee oil and quantification of diterpenes by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Tsukui, A; Santos Júnior, H M; Oigman, S S; de Souza, R O M A; Bizzo, H R; Rezende, C M

    2014-12-01

    The microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of 13 different green coffee beans (Coffea arabica L.) was compared to Soxhlet extraction for oil obtention. The full factorial design applied to the microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), related to time and temperature parameters, allowed to develop a powerful fast and smooth methodology (10 min at 45°C) compared to a 4h Soxhlet extraction. The quantification of cafestol and kahweol diterpenes present in the coffee oil was monitored by HPLC/UV and showed satisfactory linearity (R(2)=0.9979), precision (CV 3.7%), recovery (<93%), limit of detection (0.0130 mg/mL), and limit of quantification (0.0406 mg/mL). The space-time yield calculated on the diterpenes content for sample AT1 (Arabica green coffee) showed a six times higher value compared to the traditional Soxhlet method.

  15. Screening and HPLC-Based Activity Profiling for New Antiprotozoal Leads from European Plants

    PubMed Central

    Zimmermann, Stefanie; Thomi, Semira; Kaiser, Marcel; Hamburger, Matthias; Adams, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Based on a survey of remedies used in Renaissance Europe to treat malaria, we prepared and screened a library of 254 extracts from 61 plants for antiplasmodial activity in vitro. HPLC-based activity profiling was performed for targeted identification of active constituents in extracts. One of the most remarkable results was the identification of onopordopicrin, a germacranolide sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Arctium nemorosum as a potent inhibitor of P. falciparum with an IC50 of 6.9 μM. It was tested similarly against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, the parasite which causes African sleeping sickness. With an IC50 of 0.37 μM, onopordopicrin was one of the most potent natural products reported so far. Cytotoxicity was determined against rat myoblast L6 cells (IC50: 3.06). PMID:22396915

  16. On-site comprehensive analysis of explosives using HPLC-UV-PAED

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marple, Ronita L.; LaCourse, William R.

    2004-03-01

    High-performance liquid chromatography with ultra violet and photo-assisted electrochemical detection (HPLC-UV-PAED) has been developed for the sensitive and selective detection of explosives in ground water and soil extracts. Fractionation and preconcentration of explosives is accomplished with on-line solid phase extraction (SPE), which minimizes sample pretreatment and enables faster and more accurate on-site assessment of a contaminated site. Detection limits are equivalent or superior (i.e., <1 part-per-trillion for HMX) to those achieved using the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Method 8330. This approach is more broadly applicable, as it is capable of determining a wider range of organic nitro compounds. Soil samples are extracted using pressurized fluid extraction (PFE), and this technique is automatable, field-compatible, and environmentally friendly, adding to the overall efficiency of the methodology.

  17. Quantification of Caffeoylquinic Acids in Coffee Brews by HPLC-DAD

    PubMed Central

    Moeenfard, Marzieh; Rocha, Lígia; Alves, Arminda

    2014-01-01

    The influence of different brewing conditions on the concentration of the main caffeoylquinic acids (3-caffeoylquinic acid (3-CQA), 4-caffeoylquinic acid (4-CQA), and 5-caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA)) was investigated. For this purpose, twenty-four coffee brews were extracted and analyzed using HPLC-DAD at 325 nm. Our findings demonstrate the great impact of brewing techniques on the caffeoylquinic acids (CQAs) content. The major isomer was 3-CQA, accounting for about 50% of the total CQAs, followed by 5-CQA and 4-CQA, accounting for about 24–36% for each one. The total content of CQAs was in the range of 45.79 to 1662.01 mg/L, found in iced cappuccino and pod espresso, respectively. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that coffee brews, in particular those prepared using pressurized methods, can be considered as the potential sources of antioxidants such as CQAs. PMID:25587489

  18. Quantitative determination of Zn protoporphyrin IX, heme and protoporphyrin IX in Parma ham by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Wakamatsu, Jun-Ichi; Odagiri, Hiroko; Nishimura, Takanori; Hattori, Akihito

    2009-05-01

    We measured the contents of Zn protoporphyrin IX (ZPP), heme and protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) in Parma ham by simultaneous analysis using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Extraction with ethyl acetate-acetic acid (4:1) was suitable for the quantitative analysis of ZPP. The contents of heme, ZPP and PPIX in Parma ham were 15.0-29.9, 27.7-47.0 and 0.4-1.1μg/g, respectively, and total content of porphyrin was 43.7-76.6μg/g. The amount of ZPP in Parma ham was larger than that of heme, and ZPP accounted for 60-70% of all porphyrins.

  19. Rapid identification of acylated flavonol tetraglycosides in oolong teas using HPLC-MSn.

    PubMed

    Dou, Jianpeng; Lee, Viola S Y; Tzen, Jason T C; Lee, Maw-Rong

    2008-01-01

    A method was developed to separate and identify acylated flavonol tetraglycosides (AFTGs) by combining isocratic HPLC with electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry. Better separation was obtained for oolong tea infusion using a manually packed Sephadex LH-20 mini-column than with an ACCUBOND ODS solid-phase column. Seven unknown and one known AFTGs were found in oolong teas prepared by various semi-fermentation processes and their structures were identified by mass spectrometry. According to the analyses of diverse oolong teas including Dongding Oolong, Tieguanyin, Wuyi Oolong, Fenghuang Oolong, Gaoshan Shibi, Laocong Shuixian and Baihao Oolong, AFTGs seemed to be universally present, and each oolong tea could be classified into one of three groups (Dongding Oolong, Tieguanyin and Wuyi Oolong) on the basis of its AFTGs profile. The results suggest that the developed method is rapid and sensitive for identifying natural compounds.

  20. Simultaneous determination of ibuprofen and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) using HPLC and evaporative light scattering detection.

    PubMed

    Whelan, Madelaine R; Ford, James L; Powell, Mark W

    2002-11-07

    Ibuprofen may be crystallised in the presence of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) to improve its physical properties. This, however, creates problems with the simultaneous analysis of each ingredient. The analytical method developed utilised high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with a stationary phase designed for carbohydrate separation (GylcoSep N) and a mobile phase comprising methanol and water. Evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD) proved a suitable method for the analysis of both HPMC and ibuprofen. Data showed that HPMC and ibuprofen could be quantified in each other's presence. Validation studies indicated that the method was adequately accurate and precise. Baseline resolution was achieved between the two components. HPMC (1.1% w/w) was retained in ibuprofen crystals obtained from alcoholic HPMC suspensions.

  1. Recent advances in nonpolar and polar organic monoliths for HPLC and CEC

    PubMed Central

    Jonnada, Murthy; Rathnasekara, Renuka; Rassi, Ziad El

    2015-01-01

    This article is aimed at providing a review of the progress made in the field over the period 2011 to present in order to expand in parts on two previous reviews (S. Karenga and Z. El Rassi, Electrophoresis, 2011, 32, 90-104; D. Gunasena and Z. El Rassi, Electrophoresis, 2012, 33, 251-261). In brief, this review article describes progress made in nonpolar and polar monoliths used in reversed phase HPLC and CEC (RPC/RP-CEC) and in hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography/CEC (HILIC/HI-CEC), respectively. This article is by no means an exhaustive review of the literature; it is rather a survey of the recent progress made in the field with 69 references published on nonpolar and polar polymeric monoliths. PMID:25266173

  2. Acrylamide in Romanian food using HPLC-UV and a health risk assessment.

    PubMed

    Oroian, Mircea; Amariei, Sonia; Gutt, Gheorghe

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the level of acrylamide from coffee, potato chips and French fries in Romanian food. According to the European Food Safety Authority, coffee beans, potato chips and French fries have the highest levels of acrylamide. For this survey, 50 samples of coffee beans, 50 samples of potato chips and 25 samples of French fries were purchased from different producers from the Romanian market. Acrylamide levels have been quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) method, using water as mobile phase. Health risk assessment was achieved by computing the average daily intake, hazard quotient, cumulative risk, carcinogenic risk and cancer risk. For coffee, potato chips and French fries, acrylamide was not shown to pose a health risk in Romanian food.

  3. Improved HPLC determination of phenolic compounds in cv. golden delicious apples using a monolithic column.

    PubMed

    Chinnici, Fabio; Gaiani, Anna; Natali, Nadia; Riponi, Claudio; Galassi, Sergio

    2004-01-14

    A rapid HPLC-DAD determination of phenols in apple using an RP monolithic column is reported. Because of the hydrodynamic advantages offered by this kind of column and the use of acidified acetonitrile as eluent, assays of apple extracts can be performed in <21 min. Assays of pulp and peel extracts were carried out without the need for time-consuming sample pretreatment except filtration. Several flavanols, hydroxycinnamic acids, dihydrochalcones, and six quercetin glycosides were identified and quantified. A seventh quercetin derivative, two chalcone-related compounds, and three hydroxycinnamic derivatives were also found. Peels proved to be richer in phenols than pulps, the former being composed mainly of (-)-epicatechin, procyanidin B2, chlorogenic acid, phloridzin, hyperin, and avicularin. In pulps, where the chlorogenic acid was the principal phenolic compound, quercetin glycosides were found in very low amounts.

  4. Determination of some phenolic compounds in red wine by RP-HPLC: method development and validation.

    PubMed

    Burin, Vívian Maria; Arcari, Stefany Grützmann; Costa, Léa Luzia Freitas; Bordignon-Luiz, Marilde T

    2011-09-01

    A methodology employing reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of five phenolic compounds in red wine. The chromatographic separation was carried out in a C(18) column with water acidify with acetic acid (pH 2.6) (solvent A) and 20% solvent A and 80% acetonitrile (solvent B) as the mobile phase. The validation parameters included: selectivity, linearity, range, limits of detection and quantitation, precision and accuracy, using an internal standard. All calibration curves were linear (R(2) > 0.999) within the range, and good precision (RSD < 2.6%) and recovery (80-120%) was obtained for all compounds. This method was applied to quantify phenolics in red wine samples from Santa Catarina State, Brazil, and good separation peaks for phenolic compounds in these wines were observed.

  5. Geographical characterization by MAE-HPLC and NIR methodologies and carbonic anhydrase inhibition of Saffron components.

    PubMed

    Nescatelli, Riccardo; Carradori, Simone; Marini, Federico; Caponigro, Vicky; Bucci, Remo; De Monte, Celeste; Mollica, Adriano; Mannina, Luisa; Ceruso, Mariangela; Supuran, Claudiu T; Secci, Daniela

    2017-04-15

    A microwave-assisted extraction method was optimised for the recovery of bioactive compounds from Crocus sativus L. stigmas with the use of water/ethanol mixture. HPLC-DAD was employed to evaluate the extraction parameters, in particular, solvent type and volume, and the duration of the procedure. Microwave-assisted extraction enhanced the recovery of the active principles, limiting extraction time and solvent waste. Moreover, NIR experiments were performed in order to compare spectra in pseudo-absorbance of Saffron samples with different geographical origins through the application of the chemometric techniques. Moreover, the biological evaluation of crocin 1, safranal and its semisynthetic derivatives as selective inhibitors of five isoforms of human carbonic anhydrase was also explored.

  6. Laboratory Detection and Analysis of Organic Compounds in Rocks Using HPLC and XRD Methods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dragoi, D.; Kanik, I.; Bar-Cohen, Y.; Sherrit, S.; Tsapin, A.; Kulleck, J.

    2004-01-01

    In this work we describe an analytical method for determining the presence of organic compounds in rocks, limestone, and other composite materials. Our preliminary laboratory experiments on different rocks/limestone show that the organic component in mineralogical matrices is a minor phase on order of hundreds of ppm and can be better detected using high precision liquid chromatography (HPLC). The matrix, which is the major phase, plays an important role in embedding and protecting the organic molecules from the harsh Martian environment. Some rocks bear significant amounts of amino acids therefore, it is possible to identify these phases using powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) by crystallizing the organic. The method of detection/analysis of organics, in particular amino acids, that have been associated with life will be shown in the next section.

  7. Comparative HPLC-MSn analysis of canine and human meibomian lipidomes: many similarities, a few differences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Butovich, Igor A.; Borowiak, Anna M.; Eule, J. Corinna

    2011-06-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the lipidome of meibomian gland secretions in canines (cMGS) - a common pet and laboratory animal - and to compare it with that of human MGS (hMGS), to determine whether canines could be used as a valid experimental animal model in studies of the biochemistry and physiology of the human ocular surface in general, and of the Meibomian glands in particular. The MGS of both species were evaluated using HPLC in combination with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization ion trap mass spectrometry. The main lipid classes found in cMGS were very long chain cholesteryl esters, wax esters, (O-acyl)-omega-hydroxy fatty acids (OAHFA), and cholesteryl esters of OAHFA. The lipidomes of cMGS and hMGS were found to be qualitatively similar, which implies similar biosynthetic and biodegradation pathways in canines and humans. However, some quantitative differences between the two were observed.

  8. Evaluation of an automatic HPLC analyser for thalassemia and haemoglobin variants screening

    PubMed Central

    Barella, S.; Gasperini, D.; Perseu, L.; Paglietti, E.; Sollaino, C.; Paderi, L.; Pirroni, M. G.; Maccioni, L.; Mosca, A.

    1995-01-01

    In this paper the authors report the evolution of a new automatic HPLC analyser for screening haemoglobinopathies. HbA2 and F determinations are accurate and reproducible. The analysis time is short (6.5 min) and there is a good separation between the HbA2 values of β-thalassemia carriers from normals and α-thalassemia carriers, with no overlap between these groups. In addition, the system is also able to detect and quantitate most of the haemoglobin variants, particularly those (HbS, HbC, HbE and Hb Lepore) able to interact with β-thalassemia and could make haemoglobin electrophoresis unnecessary in all samples. The ease of operation and the limited technical work make this system especially suitable for laboratories with a high workload and allow the cost of screening to be reduced. PMID:18925016

  9. Discrimination of red and white rice bran from Indonesia using HPLC fingerprint analysis combined with chemometrics.

    PubMed

    Sabir, Aryani; Rafi, Mohamad; Darusman, Latifah K

    2017-04-15

    HPLC fingerprint analysis combined with chemometrics was developed to discriminate between the red and the white rice bran grown in Indonesia. The major component in rice bran is γ-oryzanol which consisted of 4 main compounds, namely cycloartenol ferulate, cyclobranol ferulate, campesterol ferulate and β-sitosterol ferulate. Separation of these four compounds along with other compounds was performed using C18 and methanol-acetonitrile with gradient elution system. By using these intensity variations, principal component and discriminant analysis were performed to discriminate the two samples. Discriminant analysis was successfully discriminated the red from the white rice bran with predictive ability of the model showed a satisfactory classification for the test samples. The results of this study indicated that the developed method was suitable as quality control method for rice bran in terms of identification and discrimination of the red and the white rice bran.

  10. Geographical classification of Epimedium based on HPLC fingerprint analysis combined with multi-ingredients quantitative analysis.

    PubMed

    Xu, Ning; Zhou, Guofu; Li, Xiaojuan; Lu, Heng; Meng, Fanyun; Zhai, Huaqiang

    2017-05-01

    A reliable and comprehensive method for identifying the origin and assessing the quality of Epimedium has been developed. The method is based on analysis of HPLC fingerprints, combined with similarity analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), principal component analysis (PCA) and multi-ingredient quantitative analysis. Nineteen batches of Epimedium, collected from different areas in the western regions of China, were used to establish the fingerprints and 18 peaks were selected for the analysis. Similarity analysis, HCA and PCA all classified the 19 areas into three groups. Simultaneous quantification of the five major bioactive ingredients in the Epimedium samples was also carried out to confirm the consistency of the quality tests. These methods were successfully used to identify the geographical origin of the Epimedium samples and to evaluate their quality.

  11. Chiral HPLC analysis of milnacipran and its FMOC-derivative on cellulose-based stationary phases.

    PubMed

    Patti, Angela; Pedotti, Sonia; Sanfilippo, Claudia

    2008-02-01

    The HPLC enantioseparation of the last generation antidepressive drug milnacipran (+/-)-1 was investigated on different cellulose-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs). On carbamate-type columns, Chiralcel OD and OD-H (+/-)-1 could be separated with alpha value about 1.20 but the resolution was quite low because of the tailing of the peaks. Direct determination of (+/-)-1 with high selectivity and resolution was obtained on Chiralcel OJ in normal phase mode elution. Precolumn derivatization of milnacipran with Fmoc-Cl gave compound (+/-)-2 which was enantioseparated on all the investigated CSPs and allowed enhanced UV or fluorimetric detection. The Chiralpak IB, that could be considered the immobilized version of Chiralcel OD-H, was found completely ineffective in the chiral recognition of (+/-)-1 and moderately efficient in the separation of (+/-)-2.

  12. A54145, a new lipopeptide antibiotic complex: discovery, taxonomy, fermentation and HPLC.

    PubMed

    Boeck, L D; Papiska, H R; Wetzel, R W; Mynderse, J S; Fukuda, D S; Mertz, F P; Berry, D M

    1990-06-01

    A54145 is a complex of new lipopeptide antibiotics that inhibits Gram-positive bacteria and acts as a growth promotant for broiler chicks. Eight factors; A, B, C, D, E, F, A1 and B1; have been isolated and characterized. They contain four similar peptide nuclei, each of which is acylated with either an 2-decanoyl, n-decanoyl, or undecanoyl side chain. Taxonomic studies ascertained that the producing microorganism was a strain of Streptomyces fradiae. Fermentation studies determined that superior antibiotic yields were obtained in stirred bioreactors in a soybean flour-molasses medium employing a continuous glucose feed. These findings, interwoven with the selection of hyper-productive mutants, increased fermentation yields from less than 50 micrograms/ml to more than 1 mg/ml. An analytical HPLC system was developed for the identification and subsequent quantitation of each factor of the A54145 complex.

  13. HPLC analysis of ballpoint pen inks stored at different light conditions.

    PubMed

    Andrasko, J

    2001-01-01

    A method for comparison of ink entries on documents stored in different light conditions is presented. Various blue inks were exposed to light, both daylight and artificial light from fluorescent tubes. Inks were then extracted from the document and analyzed by HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography). Significant changes in composition were noted on exposure to light. These changes were followed by using ternary diagrams constructed for dyes generally present in blue-colored inks--Crystal Violet, Methyl Violet, and Tetramethyl Para Rosaniline. Also, the amount of the various compounds formed by decomposition of these dyes on exposure to light was measured and employed for comparison of inks. An example of the use of the proposed method in casework is given.

  14. HPLC-Profiles of Tocopherols, Sugars, and Organic Acids in Three Medicinal Plants Consumed as Infusions

    PubMed Central

    Roriz, Custódio Lobo; Barros, Lillian; Carvalho, Ana Maria; Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.

    2014-01-01

    Pterospartum tridentatum (L.) Willk, Gomphrena globosa L., and Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf are medicinal plants that require a more detailed chemical characterization, given the importance of their consumption as infusions. Therefore, the individual profiles in tocopherols, free sugars, and organic acids were obtained by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to different detectors (fluorescence, refraction index, and photodiode array, resp.). C. citratus revealed the highest content of α-, and total tocopherols, glucose, sucrose, succinic, and ascorbic acids. P. tridentatum presented the highest fructose and total sugars content. Otherwise, G. globosa showed the highest organic acids concentration. As far as we know, this is the first study reporting the mentioned chemical compounds in G. globosa and C. citratus. PMID:26904623

  15. Determination of Lutein from Fruit and Vegetables Through an Alkaline Hydrolysis Extraction Method and HPLC Analysis.

    PubMed

    Fratianni, Alessandra; Mignogna, Rossella; Niro, Serena; Panfili, Gianfranco

    2015-12-01

    A simple and rapid analytical method for the determination of lutein content, successfully used for cereal matrices, was evaluated in fruit and vegetables. The method involved the determination of lutein after an alkaline hydrolysis of the sample matrix, followed by extraction with solvents and analysis by normal phase HPLC. The optimized method was simple, precise, and accurate and it was characterized by few steps that could prevent loss of lutein and its degradation. The optimized method was used to evaluate the lutein amounts in several fruit and vegetables. Rich sources of lutein were confirmed to be green vegetables such as parsley, spinach, chicory, chard, broccoli, courgette, and peas, even if in a range of variability. Taking into account the suggested reference values these vegetables can be stated as good sources of lutein.

  16. Comparative HPLC-MSn analysis of canine and human meibomian lipidomes: many similarities, a few differences

    PubMed Central

    Butovich, Igor A.; Borowiak, Anna M.; Eule, J. Corinna

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the lipidome of meibomian gland secretions in canines (cMGS) – a common pet and laboratory animal – and to compare it with that of human MGS (hMGS), to determine whether canines could be used as a valid experimental animal model in studies of the biochemistry and physiology of the human ocular surface in general, and of the Meibomian glands in particular. The MGS of both species were evaluated using HPLC in combination with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization ion trap mass spectrometry. The main lipid classes found in cMGS were very long chain cholesteryl esters, wax esters, (O-acyl)-omega-hydroxy fatty acids (OAHFA), and cholesteryl esters of OAHFA. The lipidomes of cMGS and hMGS were found to be qualitatively similar, which implies similar biosynthetic and biodegradation pathways in canines and humans. However, some quantitative differences between the two were observed. PMID:22355543

  17. HPLC-DPPH Screening Method for Evaluation of Antioxidant Compounds in Corylus Species.

    PubMed

    Riethmüller, Eszter; Könczöl, Arpad; Szakál, Dorottya; Végh, Krisztina; Balogh, György T; Kéry, Ágnes

    2016-05-01

    Corylus avellana L., C. colurna L. and C. maxima Mill. have been used in traditional medicine for a long time for the treatment of various diseases, such as phlebitis, varicose veins, haemorrhoidal symptoms and eczema. Our previous studies indicated the presence of flavonol-3-O-glycosides, diarylheptanoids and caffeic acid derivatives in the bark and leaf extracts of the three species mentioned above. Comparison of in vitro DPPH scavenging activity of the Corylus extracts prepared with ethyl acetate and methanol to those of well-known antioxidant phenolics was performed. The contribution of certain compounds to the total antioxidant activity of the extracts was investigated by developing a HPLC method coupled to the DPPH radical scavenging assay.

  18. [HPLC-MS determination of 2-ethyl-6-methyl-3-oxypyridine].

    PubMed

    Baranov, P A; Appolonova, S A; Dikunets, M A; Rodchenkov, G M; Sariev, A K; Zherdev, V P

    2009-01-01

    An HPLC-ESI-MS method has been developed for determining 2-ethyl-6-methyl-3-oxypyridine (EMO) in human urine upon peroral administration of this substance in form ofmexidol. Various sample preparation (extraction) procedures were tested and compared for evaluating the recovery and matrix effect. Solid-phase extraction procedure followed by derivation with dansyl chloride is proposed as a method of choice. The recovery of analyte was 48.1 +/- 3.4%, and the matrix effect was 99.4 +/- 4.1%. The MS and MS/MS spectra of EMO and its dansyl derivatives are presented and interpreted. The analyses were performed using a mass spectrometer of the ion trap type with electrospray ionization at atmospheric pressure, operating in the regime of positive ion detection.

  19. HPLC determination of pheophorbide a and pyropheophorbide a in dried laver product implicated in food poisoning.

    PubMed

    Hwang, Deng-Fwu; Tsai, Yu-Shia; Chou, Shin-Shoug; Liu, Shiu-Mei; Wu, Jiunn-Tzong; Lin, Shin-Jung; Tu, Wei-Chun

    2005-04-01

    In an outbreak of food poisoning involving a dried purple laver product (called nori), four persons had allergic-like symptoms such as inflammation and red rash on their face, mouth and belly. The causative nori was extracted and smeared on the arm-skin of five volunteers. Three out of five volunteers had a slight allergic reaction after 5 to 30 min when they were exposed to sunlight. The levels of the chlorophyll derivatives, pheophorbide a and pyropheophorbide a, measured by HPLC were 851-906 and 5,460-5,624 microg/g, respectively, in the causative samples. Judging from the high contents of pyropheophorbide a and pheophorbide a and the symptoms of patients and volunteers, the causative agents were concluded to be the photosensitizers pyropheophorbide a and pheophorbide a.

  20. Detection of citrinin in ochratoxin A-containing products by a new HPLC method.

    PubMed

    Meister, U

    2003-03-01

    A new method for citrinin was developed and validated, which is based on solid phase extraction with polyamide columns and HPLC with fluorescence detection. Sufficient skill with the method given, precise results, i.e. variation coefficients <10%, will be achieved. The mean recovery rates were in the range 74 - 90%. The detection limits of the method determined according to DIN 32645, at good precision, were 1 µg/kg for wheat, rye, barley, maize, and oats. The analysis of several samples containing ochratoxin A (OTA) showed that citrinin is present in brans, wheatings and shorts containing a higher ratio of the outer layers of the grain kernel; both OTA and citrinin were found in in cocoa shells and raisins. Citrinin was detected in 14 OTA-containing samples (1-8 µg/kg). Furthermore, it was demonstrated that citrinin also can be determined in red mold rice according to the new method.

  1. Determination of barnidipine in human serum and dog plasma by HPLC with electrochemical detection.

    PubMed

    Takamura, K; Abdel-Wadood, H M; Kusu, F; Rafaat, I H; Saleh, G A; el-Rabbat, N A; Otagiri, M

    1995-10-01

    Barnidipine is a 1,4-dihydropyridine calcium antagonist. HPLC was conducted on a polybutadiene coated alumina column using an alkaline mobile phase and an electrochemical detector to determine the content of this drug in serum and plasma. A good linear relationship between barnidipine concentration and peak height was found in 5-500 ng/ml with a correlation coefficient of 0.998. The detection limit was 1 ng/ml. The within-day and day-to-day variations were examined for control human serum. Relative standard deviation of within-day assay for serum spiked with 10 ng/ml barnidipine.HCl was 6.9% and the recovery was 104%. A pharmacokinetic study was made in which the time course of barnidipine in dog plasma was followed.

  2. Development and validation of stability-indicating HPLC method for determination of cefpirome sulfate.

    PubMed

    Zalewski, Przemysław; Skibiński, Robert; Cielecka-Piontek, Judyta; Bednarek-Rajewska, Katarzyna

    2014-01-01

    The stability-indicating LC assay method was developed and validated for quantitative determination of cefpirome sulfate (CPS) in the presence of degradation products formed during the forced degradation studies. An isocratic HPLC method was developed with Lichrospher RP-18 column, 5 μm particle size, 125 mm x 4 mm column and 12 mM ammonium acetate-acetonitrile (90 : 10 v/v) as a mobile phase. The flow rate of the mobile phase was 1.0 mL/min. Detection wavelength was 270 nm and temperature was 30 degrees C. Cefpirome sulfate as other cephalosporins was subjected to stress conditions of degradation in aqueous solutions including hydrolysis, oxidation, photolysis and thermal degradation. The developed method was validated with regard to linearity, accuracy, precision, selectivity and robustness. The method was applied successfully for identification and determination of cefpirome sulfate in pharmaceuticals and during kinetic studies.

  3. A Stability Indicating HPLC Method for the Determination of Nitisinone in Capsules

    PubMed Central

    Souri, Effat; Lahiji, Farnaz R.; Nourhashemi, Tannaz; Jalalizadeh, H.

    2015-01-01

    In this study a simple and efficient stability-indicating HPLC method with short run time was developed for the determination of nitisinone. The stress degradation of nitisinone was studied in different acidic, basic, oxidative, thermal and photolytic conditions. The chromatographic separation was achieved on a Nova-Pak C18 column using a mixture of 50 mM NaH2PO4 (pH 2.5) and acetonitrile (45:55, v/v) as mobile phase. UV detection was performed at 280 nm. Good linearity was observed over the concentration range of 0.5-50 μg/ml with r2>0.999. The within-day and between-day precision values were less than 2%. The proposed method could be used for the determination of nitisinone in the presence of its degradation products and also dosage form excipients for the quality control purposes. PMID:26180282

  4. Antineoplastic drugs determination by HPLC-HRMS(n) to monitor occupational exposure.

    PubMed

    Dal Bello, Federica; Santoro, Valentina; Scarpino, Valentina; Martano, Chiara; Aigotti, Riccardo; Chiappa, Alberta; Davoli, Enrico; Medana, Claudio

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a simple, direct, multiresidue highly specific procedure to evaluate the possible surface contamination of selected antineoplastic drugs in several hospital environment sites by using wipe test sampling. 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), carboplatin (C-Pt), cyclophosphamide (CYC), cytarabine (CYT), doxorubicin (DOX), gemcitabine (GEM), ifosfamide (IFO), methotrexate (MET), and mitomycin C (MIT) belong to very different chemical classes but show good ionization properties under electrospray ionization (ESI) conditions (negative ion mode for 5-FU and positive ion mode in all other cases). HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) coupled with HRMS (high resolution mass spectrometry) appears to be the best technique for direct analysis of these analytes, because neither derivatization nor complex extraction procedure for polar compounds in samples is requested prior the analysis. Sample preparation was limited to washing wipes with appropriate solvents. Chromatographic separation was achieved on C18 reversed phase columns. The HPLC-HRMS/MS method was validated in order to obtain robustness, sensitivity and selectivity. LLOQ (lower limit of quantitation) values provided a sensitivity good enough to evidence the presence of the drugs in a very low concentration range (<1 pg/cm(2) ). The method was applied for a study of real wipe tests coming from many areas from a hospital showing some positive samples. The low quantitation limits and the high specificity due to the high resolution approach of the developed method allowed an accurate description of the working environment that can be used to define procedural rules to limit working place contamination to a minimum. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  5. Biodistribution study of free and microencapsulated 6-methylcoumarin in Wistar rats by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Hernández, Aura Rocío; Ospina, Luis Fernando; Aragón, Diana Marcela

    2015-02-01

    A sensitive, specific and reproducible HPLC method has been developed and validated for the quantitative determination of 6-methylcoumarin (6MC) in plasma and other tissues in Wistar rats. A C18 column was used with UV detection at 321 nm and a gradient system consisting of methanol-deionized water was used as mobile phase. The retention time for 6MC was 14.921 min and no interfering peaks were observed for any of the matrices. Linear relationships (r(2)  > 0.997) were obtained between the peak height ratios and the corresponding biological sample concentrations over the range 0.4-12.8 µg/mL. Precision and accuracy were evaluated; the coefficient of variation and the relative error for all of the organs were <2 and 7%, respectively. The limit of quantitation was 0.20 µg/mL for the heart and 0.30 µg/mL for the other tissues evaluated. This HPLC method was successfully used in the determination of 6MC in the biodistribution study after administration of 200 mg/kg of both 6MC-free and 6MC-loaded polymeric microparticles. In this study, extensive 6MC was found, in both free and microencapsulated forms, in all the organs tested. The 6MC-free showed a range of between 1.7 and 11.5 µg/g, while the microencapsulated 6MC showed concentrations of between 6.35 and 17.7 µg/g, suggesting that 6MC improved absorption rate.

  6. Comparison of HPLC-MS interfaces in the determination of heterocyclic polycyclic aromatic compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, D.; Sim, P.G.; Benoit, F.M.

    1995-12-31

    Polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) are generally regarded as one of the most widely disseminated groups of chemical carcinogens. In this work, the authors are interested in the determination of some of the heteroatom substituted PACs, particularly those containing nitrogen (PANHs) or sulfur (PASHs) in the aromatic ring structure. The reason for interest in these compounds is the extreme carcinogenicity of many of them. Further, the relative carcinogenicity can vary markedly between different members of a set of isomeric compounds. Any reliable assessment of the hazards associated with exposure to mixtures of PACs must, therefore, include analysis of the levels of these compounds in the mixture. The analytical technique used must also yield information about the relative amounts of different isomeric compounds. The sample chosen for this study is an extract of PACs from the Sydney Tar Ponds, Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada. The Tar Ponds represent the end result of approximately 80 years of the uncontrolled discharge of effluent from an industrial coking operation into a tidal lagoon. It is thus a rich source of PAC mixtures. In the present work, the authors have applied two HPLC-MS methods to the characterization of the PASH content of tar pond sample fractions. The methods differed in the nature of the interface between the HPLC and the MS, and in the ionization process. The two techniques studied were the moving belt with EI ionization, and the heated nebulizer with APCI. Comparison was made on the basis of a number of criteria, including ease of use (and of automation), quality of mass spectra provided, preservation of chromatographic integrity, and sensitivity.

  7. Novel integrated paired emitter-detector diode (PEDD) as a miniaturized photometric detector in HPLC.

    PubMed

    O'Toole, Martina; Lau, King-Tong; Shazmann, Benjamin; Shepherd, Roderick; Nesterenko, Pavel N; Paull, Brett; Diamond, Dermot

    2006-08-01

    A novel low power, low cost, highly sensitive, miniaturized light emitting diode (LED) based flow detector has been used as optical detector for the detection of sample components in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This colorimetric detector employs two LEDs, one operating in normal mode as a light source and the other is reverse biased to work as a light detector. Instead of measuring the photocurrent directly, a simple timer circuit is used to measure the time taken for the photocurrent generated by the emitter LED (lambda(max) 500 nm) to discharge the detector LED (lambda(max) 621 nm) from 5 V (logic 1) to 1.7 V (logic 0) to give digital output directly without using an A/D converter. Employing a post-column reagent method, a Nucleosil 100-7 column (functionalized with iminodiacetic acid (IDA) groups) was used to separate a mixture of transition metal complexes, manganese(II) and cobalt(II) in 4-(2-pyridylazo)-resorcinol (PAR). All optical measurements were taken by using both the in-built HPLC variable wavelength detector and the proposed paired-emitter-detector-diode (PEDD) optical detector configured in-line for data comparison. The concentration range investigated using the PEDD was found to give a linear response to the Mn(II) and Co(II) PAR complexes. The effects of flow rate and emitter LED light source intensity were investigated. Under optimised conditions the PEDD detector offered a linear range of 0.9-100 microM and LOD of 0.09 microM for Mn-PAR complex. A linear range of 0.2-100 microM and LOD of 0.09 microM for Co-PAR complex was achieved.

  8. Intra-specific genetic relationship analyses of Elaeagnus angustifolia based on RP-HPLC biochemical markers.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qiang; Ruan, Xiao; Huang, Jun-hua; Xu, Ning-yi; Yan, Qi-chuan

    2006-04-01

    Elaeagnus angustifolia Linn. has various ecological, medicinal and economical uses. An approach was established using RP-HPLC (reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography) to classify and analyse the intra-specific genetic relationships of seventeen populations of E. angustifolia, collected from the Xinjiang areas of China. Chromatograms of alcohol-soluble proteins produced by seventeen populations of E. angustifolia, were compared. Each chromatogram of alcohol-soluble proteins came from a single seed of one wild plant only. The results showed that when using a Waters Delta Pak. C18, 5 microm particle size reversed phase column (150 mm x 3.9 mm), a linear gradient of 25%-60% solvent B with flow rate of 1 ml/min and run time of 67 min, the chromatography yielded optimum separation of E. angustifolia alcohol-soluble proteins. Representative peaks in each population were chosen according to peak area and occurrence in every seed. The converted data on the elution peaks of each population were different and could be used to represent those populations. GSC (genetic similarity coefficients) of 41% to 62% showed a medium degree of genetic diversity among the populations in these eco-areas. Cluster analysis showed that the seventeen populations of E. angustifolia could be divided into six clusters at the GSC=0.535 level and indicated the general and unique biochemical markers of these clusters. We suggest that E. angustifolia distribution in these eco-areas could be classified into six variable species. RP-HPLC was shown to be a rapid, repeatable and reliable method for E. angustifolia classification and identification and for analysis of genetic diversity.

  9. Systematic toxicological analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD).

    PubMed

    Pragst, Fritz; Herzler, Matthias; Erxleben, Björn-Thoralf

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, photodiode array detectors (DADs) have been much improved with respect to wavelength accuracy and resolution, sensitivity, linearity and software operation. UV spectra of drugs measured with up-to-date DADs from different manufacturers are in excellent agreement, have the same quality as measured by a conventional UV spectrometer and are highly reproducible. The calculation of similarity parameters by the DAD software includes the entire range of the spectra compared and allows recognition of very small differences. It was shown in a systematic study of more than 2500 toxicologically relevant substances that UV spectra have a very high specificity with respect to substance structure. Therefore, HPLC-DAD in combination with a comprehensive database of UV spectra and retention parameters is one of the most efficient techniques used in systematic toxicological analysis (STA). Furthermore, the method is advantageous for the identification of metabolites, since in many cases they have the same or very similar UV spectra compared with their respective parent substances and their retention times on reversed-phase columns are shifted in a manner typical of the particular biotransformation reaction. Beside these general aspects, practical applications of HPLC-DAD for STA are reviewed with respect to sample preparation and chromatographic conditions. The efficiency of the method is demonstrated for an example of a routine procedure using liquid-liquid extraction with CH 2 Cl 2 and protein precipitation for sample preparation, a system of three isocratic mobile phases with different acetonitrile/phosphate buffer ratios and RP8 columns for chromatography and a database of 2682 UV spectra and relative retention times for substance identification.

  10. Determination of biflavonoids in four Mexican species of Selaginella by HPLC.

    PubMed

    Aguilar, María Isabel; Mejía, Itzel A; Menchaca, César; Vázquez, Iraís; Navarrete, Andrés; Chávez, María Isabel; Reyes-García, Alberto; Rios-Gómez, Ramiro

    2013-01-01

    The genus Selaginella comprises several species, some of which grow on the American continent. Among these species, S. nothohybrida Valdespino, S. lepidophylla Hook et Grev, S. pallescens (Presl) Spring, and S. reflexa Underw. are found in several states of the Mexican Republic. The aforementioned three species are used medicinally, typically to treat renal disorders. This paper describes the development of an HPLC-UV method for the determination of amentoflavone (1), robustaflavone (2), and (2S)-2,3-dihydrorobustaflavone (3) as major components of the above-mentioned species of Selaginella. Components 1, 2, and 3 were quantitatively determined using an XBridge Waters C18 5 microm column, with a gradient system consisting of mixtures of acetonitrile and water with 0.4% acetic acid. The flow rate was 0.4 mL/min, with UV detection at 367 nm. LOD and LOQ values were in the range of 0.025 to 0.216 microg/mL. Compounds 1, 2, and 3 showed good linearity in the 1.2 to 18 microg/mL range; recovery was within 98.2 and 101.9% for all three cases. Compounds 1 and 2 were detected in all eight samples; their concentration ranged from 0.35 to 1.79 mg/g of plant. Thus, compounds 1 and 2 could be used as markers for S. nothohybrida, S. lepidophylla, S. pallescens, and S. reflexa. In addition, trehalose was detected in all samples as two peaks at 1.5 and 2.0 min. The HPLC method described here was shown to be reliable, reproducible, and accurate and can be used for QC of Selaginella medicinal materials.

  11. Phosphorus speciation by coupled HPLC-ICPMS: low level determination of reduced phosphorus in natural materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Atlas, Zachary; Pasek, Matthew; Sampson, Jacqueline

    2015-04-01

    Phosphorus is a geologically important minor element in the Earth's crust commonly found as relatively insoluble apatite. This constraint causes phosphorus to be a key limiting nutrient in biologic processes. Despite this, phosphorus plays a direct role in the formation of DNA, RNA and other cellular materials. Recent works suggest that since reduced phosphorus is considerably more soluble than oxidized phosphorus that it was integrally involved in the development of life on the early Earth and may continue to play a role in biologic productivity to this day. This work examines a new method for quantification and identification of reduced phosphorus as well as applications to the speciation of organo-phosphates separated by coupled HPLC - ICP-MS. We show that reduced phosphorus species (P1+, P3+ and P5+) are cleanly separated in the HPLC and coupled with the ICPMS reaction cell, using oxygen as a reaction gas to effectively convert elemental P to P-O. Analysis at M/Z= 47 producing lower background and flatter baseline chromatography than analyses performed at M/Z = 31. Results suggest very low detection limits (0.05 μM) for P species analyzed as P-O. Additionally we show that this technique has potential to speciate at least 5 other forms of phosphorus compounds. We verified the efficacy of method on numerous materials including leached Archean rocks, suburban retention pond waters, blood and urine samples and most samples show small but detectible levels of reduced phosphorus and or organo-phaospates. This finding in nearly all substances analyzed supports the assumption that the redox processing of phosphorus has played a significant role throughout the history of the Earth and it's presence in the present environment is nearly ubiquitous with the reduced oxidation state phosphorus compounds, phosphite and hypophosphite, potentially acting as significant constituents in the anaerobic environment.

  12. Solid-phase extraction and HPLC assay of nicotine and cotinine in plasma and brain.

    PubMed

    Dawson, Ralph; Messina, S M; Stokes, C; Salyani, S; Alcalay, N; De Fiebre, N C; De Fiebre, C M

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a simple and reliable assay for nicotine (NIC) and its major metabolite, cotinine (COT), in plasma and brain. A method was developed that uses an extraction method compatible with reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation and ultraviolet (UV) detection. Sequential solid-phase extraction on silica columns followed by extraction using octadecyl (C18) columns resulted in mean percent recovery (n = 5) of 51 +/- 5, 64 +/- 10, and 52 +/- 10% for NIC, COT, and phenylimidazole (PI), respectively, in spiked 1-mL serum samples. Recovery (mean +/- SEM) of the internal standard (PI) from spiked samples of nicotine-injected rats averaged 64.1 +/- 1.5% (n = 138) from plasma, and 20.7+/-0.8% (n = 128) from brain. The limits of detection of NIC in plasma samples were approximately 8 ng per mL, and of COT, 13.6 ng per mL. Further optimization of our extraction method, using slower flow rates and solid-phase extraction on silica columns, followed by C18 column extraction, yielded somewhat better recoveries (38 +/-3%) for 1-mL brain homogenates. Interassay precision (coefficient of variation) was determined on the basis of daily calibrations for 2 months and was found to be 7%, 9%, and 9% for NIC, COT, and PI, respectively, whereas intra-assay variability was 3.9% for both NIC and COT. Limited studies were performed on analytical columns for comparison of retention, resolution, asymmetry, and column capacity. We concluded that a simple two-step solid-phase extraction method, coupled with HPLC separation and UV detection, can be used routinely to measure NIC and COT in biological fluids and tissues.

  13. Enantioselective quantification of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine by HPLC in wastewater effluents.

    PubMed

    Ribeiro, Ana R; Maia, Alexandra S; Moreira, Irina S; Afonso, Carlos M; Castro, Paula M L; Tiritan, Maria E

    2014-01-01

    Microbial degradation is the most important process to remove organic pollutants in Waste Water Treatment Plants. Regarding chiral compounds this process is normally enantioselective and needs the suitable analytical methodology to follow the removal of both enantiomers in an accurate way. Thus, this paper describes the development and validation of an enantioselective High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detection (HPLC-FD) method for simultaneous analysis of fluoxetine (FLX) and norfluoxetine (NFLX) in wastewater effluents. Briefly, this method preconcentrated a small volume of wastewater samples (50 mL) on 500 mg Oasis MCX cartridges and used HPLC-FD with a vancomycin-based chiral stationary phase under reversed mode for analyses. The optimized mobile phase was EtOH/aqueous ammonium acetate buffer (92.5/7.5, v/v) at pH 6.8. The effect of EtOH percentage, buffer concentration, pH, column oven temperature and flow rate on chromatographic parameters was systematically investigated. The developed method was validated within the wastewater effluent used in microcosms laboratory assays. Linearity (R(2)>0.99), selectivity and sensitivity were achieved in the range of 4.0-60 ng mL(-1) for enantiomers of FLX and 2.0-30 ng mL(-1) for enantiomers of NFLX. The limits of detection were between 0.8 and 2.0 ng mL(-1) and the limits of quantification were between 2.0 and 4.0 ng mL(-1) for both enantiomers of FLX and the enantiomers of its demethylated metabolite NFLX. The validated method was successfully applied and proved to be robust to follow the degradation of both enantiomers of FLX in wastewater samples, during 46 days.

  14. CE versus HPLC for the dissolution test in a pharmaceutical formulation containing acetaminophen, phenylephrine and chlorpheniramine.

    PubMed

    Marín, A; Barbas, C

    2004-06-29

    A new polar reverse phase stationary phase has permitted our group to develop and validate an isocratic HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of acetaminophen, phenylephrine and chlorpheniramine in capsules as pharmaceutical formulation after their dissolution test. Final optimised chromatographic conditions employed a Supelco Discovery HS PEG column (polyethylene glycol), 5 microm, 15 cm x 0.46 cm. The mobile phase was 20 mM phosphate buffer at pH 7.0/acetonitrile 80:20 (v/v) at a flow rate of 1 ml/min. UV detection was performed at 210 nm for phenylephrine and chlorpheniramine and at 305 nm for acetaminophen. On the other hand, to evaluate the capability of CE to work in a routine analytical method fulfilling the pharmaceutical requirements and to study the behaviour of the technique with these compounds, we developed a CE method with the same objective. Normal and reverted polarity, the pH and concentration of the buffer, and the presence and concentration of surfactants were assayed. Forty millimolar phosphate buffer at pH 6.20 with 0.5 mM SDS at 30k V in an uncoated silica capillary provided a runtime of 4.5 min to separate the three analytes and the excipients. Moreover, parameters affecting precision in CE, such as the injection of buffer after the sample to refill the capillary were also tested. After development, the validation was performed in parallel for HPLC and CE with the same standards and samples to avoid differences due to the manipulation. The validation parameters of both techniques were adequate for the intended purpose.

  15. Stability-indicating HPLC Method for Simultaneous Determination of Terbutaline Sulphate, Bromhexine Hydrochloride and Guaifenesin

    PubMed Central

    Porel, A.; Haty, Sanjukta; Kundu, A.

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present study was the development and subsequent validation of a simple, precise and stability-indicating reversed phase HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of guaifenesin, terbutaline sulphate and bromhexine hydrochloride in the presence of their potential impurities in a single run. The photolytic as well as hydrolytic impurities were detected as 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3,5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, 1-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-[(1,1-dimethylethyl) amino]-ethanone from terbutaline, 2-methoxyphenol and an unknown impurity identified as (2RS)-3-(2-hydroxyphenoxy)-propane-1,2-diol from guaifenesin. The chromatographic separation of all the three active components and their impurities was achieved on Wakosil II column, using phosphate buffer (pH 3.0) and acetonitrile as mobile phase which was delivered initially in the ratio of 80:20 (v/v) for 18 min, then changed to 60:40 (v/v) for next 12 min, and finally equilibrated back to 80:20 (v/v) for 10 min. Other HPLC parameters were: Flow rate at 1.0 ml/min, detection wavelengths 248 and 280 nm, injection volume 10 μl. The calibration graphs plotted with five concentrations of each component were linear with a regression coefficient R2 >0.9999. The limit of detection and limit of quantitation were estimated for all the five impurities. The established method was then validated for linearity, precision, accuracy, and specificity and demonstrated to be applicable to the determination of the active ingredients in commercial and model cough syrup. No interference from the formulation excipients was observed. These results suggest that this LC method can be used for the determination of multiple active ingredients and their impurities in a cough and cold syrup. PMID:22131621

  16. Aqueous Organometal Speciation by GC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ICP-MS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hannigan, R.

    2005-12-01

    Organometals, specifically organomercury, organotin and organolead, may only account for a small fraction of the total metal load in aquatic systems. Despite their lower relative abundance, organometal species may have a larger impact on the environment. Although biogeochemical studies of mercury, tin, and to a lesser degree lead, have been done, little is known about the transport and transformation of these organometals in the water column and, more specifically, at the sediment-water interface. Our knowledge is limited, in part, by the lack of instrumental techniques that provide simultaneous highly precise data about the metal species and binding ligand. We have developed a series of hyphenated techniques that allow for precise quantification of the elemental and organic forms of these metals. Most importantly these methods remove sample pre-treatment from the methods though headspace trap desorption, split injection and sequential chromatography with split detection providing detailed information about the metals and organics in stream water samples. Our data show that using headspace trap GC-ICP-MS it is possible to by-pass chromatographic separation of the species and detect elemental, dimethyl and methyl mercury in a single sample from a single injection. Additional research shows that GC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ICP-MS speciation of organotins provide differential speciation data with GC-ICP-MS detecting, at very low concentrations, butylins and HPLC-ICP-MS detecting, at very low concentrations, ethyltins. Integration of these techniques into a single system will eventually lead to a system which provides simultaneous detection of metals and organic binding ligands in a single sample.

  17. An HPLC-UV method for determining plasma dimethylacetamide concentrations in patients receiving intravenous busulfan.

    PubMed

    Cendana, Mildred; Lee, Samiuela; Upadhyay, Parth J; Byrne, Jennifer A; Shaw, Peter J; Earl, John; Nath, Christa E

    2016-12-07

    Dimethylacetamide (DMA) is a solvent used in the preparation of intravenous busulfan, an alkylating agent used in blood or marrow transplantation. DMA may contribute to hepatic toxicity, so it is important to monitor its clearance. The aim of this study was to develop an HPLC-UV assay for measurement of DMA in human plasma. After precipitation of plasma proteins with acetonitrile followed by dilution (1:4) with water, the extract was injected onto the HPLC and detected at 195 nm. Separation was performed using a Cogent-HPS 5 μm C18 column (250 × 4.6 mm) preceded by a Brownlee 7 μm RP18 , pre-column (1.5 cm × 3.2 mm). The mobile phase was 25 mm sodium phosphate buffer (pH 3), containing 2.5% (v/v) acetonitrile and 0.0005% (v/v) sodium-octyl-sulfonate. Using a flow rate of 1 mL/min, the retention times of DMA and the internal standard (IS), 2-chloroacetamide, were 9.5 and 3.5 min, respectively. Peak area ratio (DMA:IS) was a linear function of concentration from 1 to 1000 μg/mL. There was excellent intraday precision (<5% for 5-700 μg/mL DMA), accuracy (<3% deviation from the true concentration) and recovery (74-98%). The limits of detection and quantification were 1 and 5 μg/mL, respectively. In eight children who received intravenous busulfan, DMA concentrations ranged from 110 to 438 μg/mL.

  18. Combinative Method Using Multi-components Quantitation and HPLC Fingerprint for Comprehensive Evaluation of Gentiana crassicaulis

    PubMed Central

    Song, Jiuhua; Chen, Fengzheng; Liu, Jiang; Zou, Yuanfeng; Luo, Yun; Yi, Xiaoyan; Meng, Jie; Chen, Xingfu

    2017-01-01

    Background: Gentiana crassicaulis () is an important traditional Chinese herb. Like other herbs, its chemical compounds vary greatly by the environmental and genetic factors, as a result, the quality is always different even from the same region, and therefore, the quality evaluation is necessary for its safety and effective use. In this study, a comprehensive method including HPLC quantitative analysis and fingerprints was developed to evaluate the quality of Cujingqinjiao and to classify the samples collected from Lijiang City of Yunnan province. A total of 30 common peaks including four identified peaks, were found, and were involved for further characterization and quality control of Cujingqinjiao. Twenty-one batches of samples from Lijiang City of Yunnan Province were evaluated by similarity analysis (SA), hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), principal component analysis (PCA) and factor analysis (FA) according to the characteristic of common peaks. Results: The obtained data showed good stability and repeatability of the chromatographic fingerprint, similarity values were all more than 0.90. This study demonstrated that a combination of the chromatographic quantitative analysis and fingerprint offered an efficient way to quality consistency evaluation of Cujingqinjiao. Consistent results were obtained to show that samples from a same origin could be successfully classified into two groups. Conclusion: This study revealed that the combinative method was reliable, simple and sensitive for fingerprint analysis, moreover, for quality control and pattern recognition of Cujingqinjiao. SUMMARY HPLC quantitative analysis and fingerprints was developed to evaluate the quality of Gentiana crassicaulisSimilarity analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, principal component analysis and factor analysis were employed to analysis the chromatographic dataset.The results of multi-components quantitation analysis, similarity analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, principal

  19. Simultaneous separation and determination of fructose, sorbitol, glucose and sucrose in fruits by HPLC-ELSD.

    PubMed

    Ma, Chunmei; Sun, Zhen; Chen, Changbao; Zhang, Lili; Zhu, Shuhua

    2014-02-15

    A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD) was optimised for simultaneous determination of fructose, sorbitol, glucose and sucrose in fruits. The analysis was carried out on a Phenomenex Luna 5u NH₂ 100A column (250 mm × 4.60mm, 5 micron) with isocratic elution of acetonitrile:water (82.5:17.5, v/v). Drift tube temperature of the ELSD system was set to 82 °C and nitrogen flow rate was 2.0 L min⁻¹. The regression equation revealed good linear relationship (R = 0.9967-0.9989) within test ranges. The limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) for four analytes (peach, apple, watermelon, and cherry fruits) were in the range of 0.07-0.27 and 0.22-0.91 mg L⁻¹, respectively. The proposed HPLC-ELSD method was validated for quantification of sugars in peach, apple, watermelon, and cherry fruits, and the results were satisfactory. The results showed that the contents of the four sugars varied among fruits. While fructose (5.79-104.01 mg g⁻¹) and glucose (9.25-99.62 mg g⁻¹) emerged as common sugars in the four fruits, sorbitol (8.70-19.13 mg g⁻¹) were only found in peach, apple and cherry fruits, and sucrose (15.82-106.39 mg g⁻¹) were in peach, apple and watermelon. There was not detectable sorbitol in watermelon and sucrose in cherry fruits, respectively.

  20. The Fourth SeaWiFS HPLC Analysis Round-Robin Experiment (SeaHARRE-4)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hooker, Stanford B.; Thomas, Crystal S.; van Heukelem, Laurie; Schlueter, louise; Russ, Mary E.; Ras, Josephine; Claustre, Herve; Clementson, Lesley; Canuti, Elisabetta; Berthon, Jean-Francois; Perl, Jason; Normandeau, Claire; Cullen, John; Kienast, Markus; Pinckney, James L.

    2010-01-01

    Ten international laboratories specializing in the determination of marine pigment concentrations using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were intercompared using in situ samples and a mixed pigment sample. Although prior Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Round-Robin Experiment (SeaHARRE) activities conducted in open-ocean waters covered a wide dynamic range in productivity, and some of the samples were collected in the coastal zone, none of the activities involved exclusively coastal samples. Consequently, SeaHARRE-4 was organized and executed as a strictly coastal activity and the field samples were collected from primarily eutrophic waters within the coastal zone of Denmark. The more restrictive perspective limited the dynamic range in chlorophyll concentration to approximately one and a half orders of magnitude (previous activities covered more than two orders of magnitude). The method intercomparisons were used for the following objectives: a) estimate the uncertainties in quantitating individual pigments and higher-order variables formed from sums and ratios; b) confirm if the chlorophyll a accuracy requirements for ocean color validation activities (approximately 25%, although 15% would allow for algorithm refinement) can be met in coastal waters; c) establish the reduction in uncertainties as a result of applying QA procedures; d) show the importance of establishing a properly defined referencing system in the computation of uncertainties; e) quantify the analytical benefits of performance metrics, and f) demonstrate the utility of a laboratory mix in understanding method performance. In addition, the remote sensing requirements for the in situ determination of total chlorophyll a were investigated to determine whether or not the average uncertainty for this measurement is being satisfied.

  1. Predicting retention time shifts associated with variation of the gradient slope in peptide RP-HPLC.

    PubMed

    Spicer, Vic; Grigoryan, Marine; Gotfrid, Alexander; Standing, Kenneth G; Krokhin, Oleg V

    2010-12-01

    We have developed a sequence-specific model for predicting slopes (S) in the fundamental equation of linear solvent strength theory for the reversed-phase HPLC separation of tryptic peptides detected in a typical bottom-up-proteomics experiment. These slopes control the variation in the separation selectivity observed when the physical parameters of chromatographic separation, such as gradient slope, flow rate, and column size are altered. For example, with the use of an arbitrarily chosen set of tryptic peptides with a 4-times difference in the gradient slope between two experiments, the R(2)-value of correlation between the observed retention times of identical species decreases to ~0.993-0.996 (compared to a theoretical value of ~1.00). The observed retention time shifts associated with variations of the gradient slope can be predicted a priori using the approach described here. The proposed model is based on our findings for a set of synthetic species (Vu, H.; Spicer, V.; Gotfrid, A.; Krokhin, O. V. J. Chromatogr., A, 2010, 1217, 489-497), which postulate that slopes S can be predicted taking into account simultaneously peptide length, charge, and hydrophobicity. Here we extend this approach using an extensive set of real tryptic peptides. We developed the procedure to accurately measure S-values in nano-RP HPLC MS experiments and introduced sequence-specific corrections for a more accurate prediction of the slopes S. A correlation of ~0.95 R(2)-value between the predicted and experimental S-values was demonstrated. Predicting S-values and calculating the expected retention time shifts when the physical parameters of separation like gradient slope are altered will facilitate a more accurate application of peptide retention prediction protocols, aid in the transfer of scheduled MRM (SRM) procedures between LC systems, and increase the efficiency of interlaboratory data collection and comparison.

  2. Stability-indicating HPLC Method for Simultaneous Determination of Terbutaline Sulphate, Bromhexine Hydrochloride and Guaifenesin.

    PubMed

    Porel, A; Haty, Sanjukta; Kundu, A

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present study was the development and subsequent validation of a simple, precise and stability-indicating reversed phase HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of guaifenesin, terbutaline sulphate and bromhexine hydrochloride in the presence of their potential impurities in a single run. The photolytic as well as hydrolytic impurities were detected as 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3,5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, 1-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-[(1,1-dimethylethyl) amino]-ethanone from terbutaline, 2-methoxyphenol and an unknown impurity identified as (2RS)-3-(2-hydroxyphenoxy)-propane-1,2-diol from guaifenesin. The chromatographic separation of all the three active components and their impurities was achieved on Wakosil II column, using phosphate buffer (pH 3.0) and acetonitrile as mobile phase which was delivered initially in the ratio of 80:20 (v/v) for 18 min, then changed to 60:40 (v/v) for next 12 min, and finally equilibrated back to 80:20 (v/v) for 10 min. Other HPLC parameters were: Flow rate at 1.0 ml/min, detection wavelengths 248 and 280 nm, injection volume 10 μl. The calibration graphs plotted with five concentrations of each component were linear with a regression coefficient R(2) >0.9999. The limit of detection and limit of quantitation were estimated for all the five impurities. The established method was then validated for linearity, precision, accuracy, and specificity and demonstrated to be applicable to the determination of the active ingredients in commercial and model cough syrup. No interference from the formulation excipients was observed. These results suggest that this LC method can be used for the determination of multiple active ingredients and their impurities in a cough and cold syrup.

  3. Direct measurement of lipid-soluble arsenic species in biological samples with HPLC-ICPMS.

    PubMed

    Schmeisser, Ernst; Goessler, Walter; Kienzl, Norbert; Francesconi, Kevin A

    2005-06-01

    Lipid-soluble arsenicals (arsenolipids) occur in a wide range of biological samples where they may play a key role in the biosynthesis of organoarsenic compounds from inorganic arsenic. The study of these compounds has been hindered, however, by the lack of a suitable analytical technique able to separate and measure the various lipid species. As a source of arsenolipids, we used 10 crude fish oils from various regions of the world. Total arsenic analyses on the fish oils, performed with ICPMS following acid digestion with microwave-assisted heating, gave concentrations from 4.3 to 10.5 mg As kg(-1). All of the arsenic was soluble in non-polar solvents such as hexane. Analysis of the fish oils for arsenolipids was performed by normal phase HPLC-ICPMS with various mixtures of organic solvents as mobile phases. Inherent problems of instability associated with the introduction of organic solvents to the plasma were overcome by the use of reduced column flow, a chilled spray chamber, and the addition of oxygen directly to the plasma. All ten fish oils appeared to contain the same 4-6 major arsenolipids, but in varying amounts depending on the origin of the fish. Further chromatography with both normal phase and reversed-phase conditions on some of the oils indicated the presence of many more minor arsenolipids. Quantification was achieved by external calibration against triphenylarsine oxide or triphenylarsine sulfide, and the sum of species following HPLC of the oils matched well the total arsenic results (92-107%). The method was applied to samples of food supplements (fish oil capsules) and a packaged food product (cod liver) whereby arsenolipids were measured and found to be significant arsenic constituents. This study represents the first attempt to directly measure intact arsenolipids and, with appropriate sample preparation, may be suitable for quantitative measurement of these arsenicals in a range of biological samples, including foodstuffs.

  4. Simultaneous determination of paracetamol and lornoxicam by RP-HPLC in bulk and tablet formulation

    PubMed Central

    Attimarad, Mahesh

    2011-01-01

    Aim: The objective of the study was to develop simple RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of paracetamol and lornoxicam without prior separation. Materials and Methods: In this method, Kromasil C8 (250 mm, 4.6 mm, 5 μm) column was used. The mobile phase used was methanol:phosphate buffer (60:40, v/v, pH 6.4), at flow rate of 1 ml min-1. UV detection was monitored at 302 nm. Results: Calibration graphs were established in the range of 1-150 μg ml-1 and 0.5-100 μg ml-1 for paracetamol and lornoxicam, respectively. The average retention time for paracetamol and lornoxicam was found to be 3.15 ± 0.03 min and 5.25 ± 0.06 min, respectively. The detection limit and quantitation limit for paracetamol are 0.19 μg ml-1 and 0.59 μg ml-1 and for lornoxicam 0.10 μg ml-1 and 0.31 μg mL-1, respectively. The intraday and interday precision expressed as percent relative standard deviation were below 2%. The mean recovery of paracetamol and lornoxicam was found to be in the range of 99.03-101.2%. Conclusion: The validated HPLC method was found to be rapid, precise and accurate and can be readily utilized for analysis of paracetamol and lornoxicam in bulk and in pharmaceutical formulations. PMID:23781432

  5. Analysis of triclosan and triclocarban in soil and biosolids using molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction coupled with HPLC-UV.

    PubMed

    Verma, Kusum S; Xia, Kang

    2010-01-01

    A molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) able to selectively bind triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC), commonly used antibacterial agents in many consumer products, was prepared using noncovalent molecular imprinting methods. The prepared MIP was evaluated as a selective sorbent in SPE for sample cleanup before HPLC-UV analysis of TCS and TCC in soil and biosolid samples. The MIP was also compared with commercially available C18 SPE sorbent. The molecularly imprinted SPE (MISPE) developed in this study was more efficient than C18 SPE for the cleanup of extracts of soil and biosolid samples prior to the analysis of TCC and TCS using HPLC-UV. The LOQ values for both TCC and TCS in the soil samples were determined to be 40 microg/kg; in the biosolid samples, the LOQ values were 100 and 300 microg/kg for TCC and TCS, respectively. Compared to C18 SPE, using MISPE for sample cleanup may result in a significant reduction of analytical cost, because one MIP can be reused up to 35 times and HPLC-UV instead of HPLC/MS can be used for instrumental analysis following sample cleanup by MISPE.

  6. Regularities of the sorption of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline derivatives under conditions of reversed phase HPLC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nekrasova, N. A.; Kurbatova, S. V.; Zemtsova, M. N.

    2016-12-01

    Regularities of the sorption of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline derivatives on octadecylsilyl silica gel and porous graphitic carbon from aqueous acetonitrile solutions were investigated. The effect the molecular structure and physicochemical parameters of the sorbates have on their retention characteristics under conditions of reversed phase HPLC are analyzed.

  7. GlycoExtractor: a web-based interface for high throughput processing of HPLC-glycan data.

    PubMed

    Artemenko, Natalia V; Campbell, Matthew P; Rudd, Pauline M

    2010-04-05

    Recently, an automated high-throughput HPLC platform has been developed that can be used to fully sequence and quantify low concentrations of N-linked sugars released from glycoproteins, supported by an experimental database (GlycoBase) and analytical tools (autoGU). However, commercial packages that support the operation of HPLC instruments and data storage lack platforms for the extraction of large volumes of data. The lack of resources and agreed formats in glycomics is now a major limiting factor that restricts the development of bioinformatic tools and automated workflows for high-throughput HPLC data analysis. GlycoExtractor is a web-based tool that interfaces with a commercial HPLC database/software solution to facilitate the extraction of large volumes of processed glycan profile data (peak number, peak areas, and glucose unit values). The tool allows the user to export a series of sample sets to a set of file formats (XML, JSON, and CSV) rather than a collection of disconnected files. This approach not only reduces the amount of manual refinement required to export data into a suitable format for data analysis but also opens the field to new approaches for high-throughput data interpretation and storage, including biomarker discovery and validation and monitoring of online bioprocessing conditions for next generation biotherapeutics.

  8. A simple HPLC method for the isolation and quantification of the allergens tuliposide A and tulipalin A in Alstroemeria.

    PubMed

    Christensen, L P; Kristiansen, K

    1995-04-01

    A practical, rapid, reliable and sensitive method for the isolation and determination of the allergens tuliposide A and alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone (tulipalin A), by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), has been developed in order to select Alstroemeria species for breeding purposes. From the aqueous extracts of flowers, stems and leaves, of several Alstroemeria species, the contents of 6-tuliposide A and tulipalin A were determined by isocratic RP-HPLC, using distilled water as mobile phase. The compounds were detected by an UV detector at 208 nm. Differences in 6-tuliposide A and tulipalin A content were found among the species investigated, with the highest concentrations in stems and flowers. The absence of other tuliposides (e.g., 1-tuliposide A, 1- and 6-tuliposide B) in extracts was proven by TLC, RP-HPLC, 1H- and 13C-NMR. 6-Tuliposide A and tulipalin A were identified by 1H- and 13C-NMR and comparison with authentic material, respectively. With this HPLC method, it is possible to investigate a large number of plants for their contents of tuliposide A and tulipalin A, within a minimum of time, and to isolate them directly from aqueous extracts.

  9. Analysis of Piperaceae germplasm by HPLC and LCMS: a method for isolating and identifying unsaturated amides from Piper spp extracts.

    PubMed

    Scott, Ian M; Puniani, Evaloni; Jensen, Helen; Livesey, John F; Poveda, Luis; Sanchez-Vindas, Pablo; Durst, Tony; Arnason, John T

    2005-03-23

    A method for extraction and high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer (HPLC-MS) analysis of the medicinally important genus Piper (Piperaceae) was developed. This allows for a rapid and accurate measure of unsaturated amides, or piperamides, in black pepper, Piper nigrum L., and in wild species from Central America. Reflux extraction provided the highest recovery of piperine (>80%) from leaf and peppercorn material. HPLC analysis using a binary gradient of acetonitrile and water separated the major amide peaks between 5 and 12 min. Atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI)-MS improved the detection limit to 0.2 ng, 10-fold below the 2 ng limit of the HPLC-diode array detector (DAD) based on linear standard curves between 0.1 and 250 microg/mL (R2 = 0.999). The HPLC-MS method identified pellitorine, piperylin, 4,5-dihydropiperlonguminine, piperlonguminine, 4,5-dihydropiperine, piperine, and pipercide. The biological activity of six Costa Rican Piper species assessed by mosquito larval bioassays correlated well with piperamide content.

  10. Quantification of Arsenolipids in the Certified Reference Material NMIJ 7405-a (Hijiki) using HPLC/Mass Spectrometry after Chemical Derivatization

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Arsenic-containing lipids (arsenolipids) are novel natural products recently shown to be widespread in marine animals and algae. Research interest in these arsenic compounds lies in their possible role in the membrane chemistry of organisms and, because they occur in many popular seafoods, their human metabolism and toxicology. Progress has been restricted, however, by the lack of standard arsenolipids and of a quantitative method for their analysis. We report that the certified reference material CRM 7405-a (Hijiki) is a rich source of arsenolipids, and we describe a method based on HPLC-ICPMS/ESMS to quantitatively measure seven of the major arsenolipids present. Sample preparation involved extraction with DCM/methanol, a cleanup step with silica, and conversion of the (oxo)arsenolipids originally present to thio analogues by brief treatment with H2S. Compared to their oxo analogues, the thioarsenolipids showed much sharper peaks on reversed-phase HPLC, which facilitated their resolution and quantification. The compounds were determined by HPLC-ICPMS and HPLC-ESMS, which provided both arsenic-selective detection and high resolution molecular mass detection of the arsenolipids. In this way, the concentrations of two arsenic-containing hydrocarbons and five arsenosugar phospholipids are reported in the CRM Hijiki. This material may serve as a convenient source of characterized arsenolipids to delineate the presence of these compounds in seafoods and to facilitate research in a new era of arsenic biochemistry. PMID:25241916

  11. Quantification of arsenolipids in the certified reference material NMIJ 7405-a (Hijiki) using HPLC/mass spectrometry after chemical derivatization.

    PubMed

    Glabonjat, Ronald A; Raber, Georg; Jensen, Kenneth B; Ehgartner, Josef; Francesconi, Kevin A

    2014-10-21

    Arsenic-containing lipids (arsenolipids) are novel natural products recently shown to be widespread in marine animals and algae. Research interest in these arsenic compounds lies in their possible role in the membrane chemistry of organisms and, because they occur in many popular seafoods, their human metabolism and toxicology. Progress has been restricted, however, by the lack of standard arsenolipids and of a quantitative method for their analysis. We report that the certified reference material CRM 7405-a (Hijiki) is a rich source of arsenolipids, and we describe a method based on HPLC-ICPMS/ESMS to quantitatively measure seven of the major arsenolipids present. Sample preparation involved extraction with DCM/methanol, a cleanup step with silica, and conversion of the (oxo)arsenolipids originally present to thio analogues by brief treatment with H2S. Compared to their oxo analogues, the thioarsenolipids showed much sharper peaks on reversed-phase HPLC, which facilitated their resolution and quantification. The compounds were determined by HPLC-ICPMS and HPLC-ESMS, which provided both arsenic-selective detection and high resolution molecular mass detection of the arsenolipids. In this way, the concentrations of two arsenic-containing hydrocarbons and five arsenosugar phospholipids are reported in the CRM Hijiki. This material may serve as a convenient source of characterized arsenolipids to delineate the presence of these compounds in seafoods and to facilitate research in a new era of arsenic biochemistry.

  12. Quantitative HPLC Analysis of Rosmarinic Acid in Extracts of "Melissa officinalis" and Spectrophotometric Measurement of Their Antioxidant Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canelas, Vera; da Costa, Cristina Teixeira

    2007-01-01

    The students prepare tea samples using different quantities of lemon balm leaves ("Melissa officinalis") and measure the rosmarinic acid contents by an HPLC-DAD method. The antioxidant properties of the tea samples are evaluated by a spectrophotometric method using a radical-scavenging assay with DPPH. (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl). Finally the…

  13. Arsenic speciation in marine product samples: comparison of extraction-HPLC method and digestion-cryogenic trap method.

    PubMed

    Geng, Wenhua; Komine, Rieko; Ohta, Toshiharu; Nakajima, Tsunenori; Takanashi, Hirokazu; Ohki, Akira

    2009-07-15

    For the arsenic speciation in marine product samples, two types of pretreatment-analysis combination were compared. One is the combination of solvent extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) followed by a highly sensitive arsenic detection, while the other is the combination of alkaline digestion and cryogenic trap (CT) method followed by a highly sensitive arsenic detection. For six certified reference materials (CRMs) of marine animal samples, the concentrations of arsenobetaine (AsB) obtained from the extraction-HPLC method were very consistent with those of trimethylated arsenic species measured by the digestion-CT method. For four seaweed samples, the determination of three arsenosugars (Sugar-1, Sugar-2, and Sugar-3) was favorably carried out by the extraction-HPLC method. Those seaweed samples were also subjected to the digestion-CT method, and the amounts of dimethylated arsenic species measured by the method were approximately equal to the sum of the amounts of dimethylarsinic acid (DMAA) and three arsenosugars (Sugar-1+Sugar-2+Sugar-3) obtained from the extraction-HPLC method.

  14. Analysis of alkylresorcinols in wheat germ oil and barley germ oil via HPLC and flourescence detection: Cochromatography with tocols

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Alkylresorcinols are long chain phenolic compounds that have been reported to be localized in the outer layers of the kernels of wheat, rye, barley and other grains. A sensitive HPLC method with fluorescence detection was recently reported for the quantitative analysis of alkylresorcinols in cereal...

  15. HPLC Determination and MS Confirmation of Malachite Green, Gentian Violet, and Their Leuco Metabolites in Catfish Muscle

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Residues of malachite green (MG), gentian violet (GV), and their leuco metabolites in catfish muscle were individually determined by HPLC using visible and fluorescence detectors. This detection scheme obviated a PbO2 column that converts leuco forms to chromatic forms for visible detection, thus el...

  16. RP-HPLC Determination of Phenylalkanoids and Monoterpenoids in Rhodiola rosea and Identification by LC-ESI-TOF

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    An HPLC method permitting the simultaneous determination of fourteen compounds (phenylalkanoids and monoterpenoids) from the roots of Rhodiola rosea was developed. A separation was achieved within 35 minutes by using C-18 column material, a water/acetonitrile mobile phase, both containing 0.05% phos...

  17. Analytical methods for determination of alkaloids and saponins from roots of Caulophyllum thalictroids (L) Michx using UPLC HPLC and HPTLC

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A comparison study of analytical methods including HPLC, UPLC and HPTLC are presented in this paper for the determination of major alkaloid and triterpene saponins from the roots of Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx. (blue cohosh) and dietary supplements claiming to contain blue cohosh. The meth...

  18. Preparation and Characterization of a Polymeric Monolithic Column for Use in High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bindis, Michael P.; Bretz, Stacey Lowery; Danielson, Neil D.

    2011-01-01

    The high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) experiment, most often done in the undergraduate analytical instrumentation laboratory course, generally illustrates reversed-phase chromatography using a commercial C[subscript]18 silica column. To avoid the expense of periodic column replacement and introduce a choice of columns with different…

  19. Application of SPE-HPLC-DAD and SPE-TLC-DAD to the determination of pesticides in real water samples.

    PubMed

    Tuzimski, Tomasz

    2008-10-01

    Planar chromatography with diode array scanning (TLC-DAD) and high-performance chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) were used to screen water samples for pesticides. Pesticides were enriched from lake water samples by SPE on C18/SDB-1, C18, C18 Polar Plus and cyanopropyl (CN) cartridges. The recovery rates were high for all extraction materials except for all pesticides on CN cartridges, for which the values were lower. SPE was used not only for preconcentration of analytes but also for their fractionation. The analytes were eluted first with methanol and then with dichloromethane. Methanol eluates were analysed by HPLC-DAD, the dichloromethane eluates with TLC-DAD. The method was validated for precision, repeatability and accuracy. The calibration plots were linear between 0.1 and 50.0 microg/mL for all pesticides, the correlation coefficients, r, were between 0.9992 and 1.000 as determined by HPLC-DAD. In the TLC experiments, the best fit for the calibration lines was found when the calibration data were analysed using a second-degree polynomial regression. Calibration plots lay between 0.1 and 17 microg/spot for all pesticides, the correlation coefficients, r, were between 0.9974 and 0.9997 determined by TLC-DAD. The LOD was between 0.04 and 0.65 microg/spot (TLC-DAD) and between 0.02 and 3.68 microg/mL (HPLC-DAD).

  20. HPLC Analysis and Cytotoxicity of n-Butanol Extract from Glyphaea brevis Roots Against C6 Glioma Cells

    PubMed Central

    Konan, Koffi Marcel; Mamyrbekova-Bekro, Janat Akhanovna; Bakalara, Norbert; Virieux, David; Pirat, Jean-Luc; Bekro, Yves-Alain

    2014-01-01

    The n-butanol extract of the roots of Glyphaea brevis was analysed. HPLC analysis suggested the presence of phenolic compounds like protocatechuic acid (PCA). The extract showed moderate cytotoxic activity against C6 glioma cells (EC50 > 1 mg/ml). PMID:24634849

  1. A Validated Stability-Indicating HPLC Method for Simultaneous Determination of Amoxicillin and Enrofloxacin Combination in an Injectable Suspension.

    PubMed

    Batrawi, Nidal; Wahdan, Shorouq; Al-Rimawi, Fuad

    2017-02-16

    The combination of amoxicillin and enrofloxacin is a well-known mixture of veterinary drugs; it is used for the treatment of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. In the scientific literature, there is no high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-UV method for the simultaneous determination of this combination. The objective of this work is to develop and validate an HPLC method for the determination of this combination. In this regard, a new, simple and efficient reversed-phase HPLC method for simultaneous qualitative and quantitative determination of amoxicillin and enrofloxacin, in an injectable preparation with a mixture of inactive excipients, has been developed and validated. The HPLC separation method was performed using a reversed-phase (RP)-C18e (250 mm × 4.0 mm, 5 μm) column at room temperature, with a gradient mobile phase of acetonitrile and phosphate buffer containing methanol at pH 5.0, a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min and ultraviolet detection at 267 nm. This method was validated in accordance with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) guidelines and showed excellent linearity, accuracy, precision, specificity, robustness, ruggedness, and system suitability results within the acceptance criteria. A stability-indicating study was also carried out and indicated that this method can also be used for purity and degradation evaluation of these formulations.

  2. Automated solid-phase extraction coupled online with HPLC-FLD for the quantification of zearalenone in edible oil.

    PubMed

    Drzymala, Sarah S; Weiz, Stefan; Heinze, Julia; Marten, Silvia; Prinz, Carsten; Zimathies, Annett; Garbe, Leif-Alexander; Koch, Matthias

    2015-05-01

    Established maximum levels for the mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEN) in edible oil require monitoring by reliable analytical methods. Therefore, an automated SPE-HPLC online system based on dynamic covalent hydrazine chemistry has been developed. The SPE step comprises a reversible hydrazone formation by ZEN and a hydrazine moiety covalently attached to a solid phase. Seven hydrazine materials with different properties regarding the resin backbone, pore size, particle size, specific surface area, and loading have been evaluated. As a result, a hydrazine-functionalized silica gel was chosen. The final automated online method was validated and applied to the analysis of three maize germ oil samples including a provisionally certified reference material. Important performance criteria for the recovery (70-120 %) and precision (RSDr <25 %) as set by the Commission Regulation EC 401/2006 were fulfilled: The mean recovery was 78 % and RSDr did not exceed 8 %. The results of the SPE-HPLC online method were further compared to results obtained by liquid-liquid extraction with stable isotope dilution analysis LC-MS/MS and found to be in good agreement. The developed SPE-HPLC online system with fluorescence detection allows a reliable, accurate, and sensitive quantification (limit of quantification, 30 μg/kg) of ZEN in edible oils while significantly reducing the workload. To our knowledge, this is the first report on an automated SPE-HPLC method based on a covalent SPE approach.

  3. Rapid, Potentially Automatable, Method Extract Biomarkers for HPLC/ESI/MS/MS to Detect and Identify BW Agents

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-11-01

    status can sometimes be reflected in the infectious potential or drug resistance of those pathogens. For example, in Mycobacterium tuberculosis ... Mycobacterium tuberculosis , its antibiotic resistance and prediction of pathogenicity amongst Mycobacterium spp. based on signature lipid biomarkers ...TITLE AND SUBTITLE Rapid, Potentially Automatable, Method Extract Biomarkers for HPLC/ESI/MS/MS to Detect and Identify BW Agents 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b

  4. HPLC-FLD and spectrofluorometer apparatus: How to best detect fluorescent probe-loaded niosomes in biological samples.

    PubMed

    Primavera, Rosita; Di Francesco, Martina; De Cola, Antonella; De Laurenzi, Vincenzo; Paolino, Donatella; Ciancaioni, Matteo; Carafa, Maria; Celia, Christian; Di Ilio, Carmine; Di Stefano, Antonio; Fresta, Massimo; Locatelli, Marcello; Di Marzio, Luisa

    2015-11-01

    The analytical tools allow the detection of bioactive compounds, diagnostic agents and chemotherapeutics. Recently, new methods have been developed to analyze pharmaceutical samples and ingredients. In this attempt, analytical parameters, e.g., the lack of trueness, robustness and sensitivity, play a pivotal role to quantify and analyze molecules, both for diagnostic applications as well as therapeutic treatments. Spectrophotometers and spectrofluorometers are apparatus for easy and rapid quantification of molecular probes and chemotherapeutics into cells, plasma and tissues. However, they lack accuracy and precision. Conversely, HPLC provides the maximum resolution to detect and separate fluorescent probes and chemotherapeutics after their incubation in cells, plasma and tissues. The aim of this work was to develop an HPLC method that easily detects molecular and fluorescent probes, e.g., Nile Red, in biological samples. To improve the robustness of the method, Nile Red was analyzed before and after loading into niosomes made from Tween 20 and 21, respectively. A significant difference was further obtained by comparing the entrapment efficacy percentage of niosomes made from Tween 21 (42.23%) and Tween 20 (53.25%). The comparison between HPLC and spectrofluorometer assays showed differences between the two methods in terms of limit of detection, linearity and accuracy. The resulting data demonstrated that the HPLC-FLD provides a limit of detection for Nile Red of 0.1 ng/mL, and a good linearity up to 62.5 ng/mL. The HPLC-FLD analysis showed a limit of quantification value for a total mass of Nile Red 1200-folds better than data previously reported in studies; and 312-folds better than the spectrofluorometer analysis. Additionally, results show that the HPLC-FLD increases the sensitivity for biological samples compared to the spectrofluorometer. The Nile Red-loaded niosomes were also incubated at different times with HEK-293 cells. In vitro results demonstrated

  5. Surface-enhanced Raman detection of RNA and DNA bases following flow-injection analysis or HPLC separation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cotton, Therese M.; Sheng, Rong-Sheng; Ni, Fan

    1990-11-01

    The goal of this study is to develop Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) detection methods for flow injection analysis (FIA) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Nucleic acid bases have been chosen for analysis because of their importance in life processes. The advantages to the use of SERS-based detection include its sensitivity, specificity and versatility. With the development of improved methodology, the detection limits should be comparable to UV spectroscopy. However, the specificity is considerably superior to that obtained with electronic spectroscopy in that the Raman spectrum provides a molecular fingerprint of the individual analytes. Raman spectroscopy is very versatile: aqueous samples, gases and solids can be analyzed with equal facility. The results presented here demonstrate that SERS can be used as a detection method for both FIA and HPLC detection. In the following experiments Ag sols have been used as the active substrate. The effect of various parameters such as temperature, pH, flow rate, and the nature of the interface between the HPLC system and the Raman spectrometer have been examined. One of the most significant findings is that the temperature of the Ag sol/HPLC effluent mixture has a dramatic effect on the SERS intensities. This effect is a result of increased colloid aggregation at higher temperatures. Aggregation is known to produce greater enhancement in SERS and proceeds much more rapidly at elevated temperatures. An increase in the temperature of the Ag sol enables SERS detection under flowing conditions and in real time. This is a substantial improvement over many of the previous attempts to interface SERS detection to FIA or HPLC. In most of the previous studies, it was necessary to stop the flow as the analyte eluted from the chromatogram and measure the SERS spectra under static conditions.

  6. Analysis of natural red dyes (cochineal) in textiles of historical importance using HPLC and multivariate data analysis.

    PubMed

    Serrano, Ana; Sousa, Micaela M; Hallett, Jessica; Lopes, João A; Oliveira, M Conceição

    2011-08-01

    A new analytical approach based on high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) and multivariate data analysis was applied and assessed for analyzing the red dye extracted from cochineal insects, used in precious historical textiles. The most widely used method of analysis involves quantification of specific minor compounds (markers), using HPLC-DAD. However, variation in the cochineal markers concentration, use of aggressive dye extraction methods and poor resolution of HPLC chromatograms can compromise the identification of the precise insect species used in the textiles. In this study, a soft extraction method combined with a new dye recovery treatment was developed, capable of yielding HPLC chromatograms with good resolution, for the first time, for historical cochineal-dyed textiles. After principal components analysis (PCA) and mass spectrometry (MS), it was possible to identify the cochineal species used in these textiles, in contrast to the accepted method of analysis. In order to compare both methodologies, 7 cochineal species and 63 historical cochineal insect specimens were analyzed using the two approaches, and then compared with the results for 15 historical textiles in order to assess their applicability to real complex samples. The methodology developed here was shown to provide more accurate and consistent information than the traditional method. Almost all of the historical textiles were dyed with Porphyrophora sp. insects. These results emphasize the importance of adopting the proposed methodology for future research on cochineal (and related red dyes). Mild extraction methods and HPLC-DAD/MS(n) analysis yield distinctive profiles, which, in combination with a PCA reference database, are a powerful tool for identifying red insect dyes.

  7. Compared use of HPLC and FZCE for cluster analysis of Triticum spp and for the identification of T. durum adulteration.

    PubMed

    Bonetti, Alessandra; Marotti, Ilaria; Catizone, Pietro; Dinelli, Giovanni; Maietti, Annalisa; Tedeschi, Paola; Brandolini, Vincenzo

    2004-06-30

    Wheat quality criteria continually evolve in response to market pressure and consumer preference. Characterization of cereal cultivars for quality and agronomic properties, have widely shown the importance of the protein content to ensure good quality products. The aim of this work is a comparison of reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and free zone capillary electrophoresis (FZCE) in the identification of Italian wheat cultivars and detection of durum wheat flour adulteration. Mainly alcohol soluble (gliadins) and water soluble (albumins) proteins were extracted from 14 common wheat cultivars and from 9 durum wheat cultivars. In RP-HPLC chromatograms, wheat albumins and gliadins eluted between 3 and 9 min and between 10 and 42 min, respectively. Even if the chosen chromatographic conditions (reversed phase) did not permit a complete resolution of hydrophilic proteins such as albumins, a good reproducibility was observed for both albumins and gliadins. In FZCE electropherograms, wheat albumins and gliadins migrated between 8 and 14 min and 16-25 min, respectively. A good reproducibility was found for wheat albumins, while the relatively poor reproducibility of gliadin fractions was a consequence of the selected separation conditions aimed to separate in the same run either hydrophilic (albumins) and alcohol-soluble (gliadins) proteins. The principal component analysis (PCA) of HPLC and FZCE data evidenced that both techniques allowed the univocal identification of the great proportion of investigated wheat cultivars. Three peaks were exclusively detected in RP-HPLC chromatograms of common wheat cultivars, while three unique peaks were found in FZCE electropherograms of common wheat cultivars. These peaks were investigated as a basis for detecting and estimating the adulteration of durum wheat flour with flour from common wheat. The direct relationship between the area of the peaks and adulteration level enabled standard curves to be

  8. [Study on limit detection of flavones in diterpene ginkgolides meglumine injection materials by LC-MS and HPLC-DAD].

    PubMed

    Bi, Sen; Li, Yan-jing; Huang, Wen-zhe; Kang, Dan-yu; Ding, Gang; Xiao, Wei

    2015-08-01

    Limit test of flavones in diterpene ginkgolides meglumine injection materials by UV-Vis and HPLC-DAD method was studied in this essay. The HPLC-DAD method has lower LOD (about 1% of the UV-Vis), that is, the sensitivity is higher than UV-Vis method. Through the analysis of the kinds of flavonoids ingredients in the samples by LC-MS, the three compounds with highest contents are kaempferol, quercetin and isorhamnetin. Kaempferol, quercetin and isorhamnetin were chosen as reference compounds for HPLC analysis, and the HPLC separation analysis was carried on an Agilent Eclipse plus C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 μm) with methanol and water containing 0.4% phosphoric acid (50: 50) as mobile phase, and the flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1). The detection wavelength was set at 360 nm. This method has good specificity, precision and reproducibility. The LODs of quercetin, kaempferide and isorhamnetin were 27.6, 22.3, 29.5 μg x L(-1). The average recovery was 87.9% (RSD 3.3%), 91.7% (RSD 3.1%), 88.3 (RSD 1.3%) for quercetin, kaempferide and isorhamnetin, respectively. Based on the 10 batches of sample results and sensitivity of different HPLC, the content of total flavonoids ingredients of diterpene ginkgolides meglumine injection materials was limited no more than 2 x 10(-5). This method is simple, quick and has good maneuverability, and could be used to the limit test of flavonoids in the diterpene ginkgolides meglumine injection materials.

  9. Retention of ionizable compounds on HPLC. 4. Mobile-phase pH measurement in methanol/water

    PubMed

    Canals; Portal; Bosch; Roses

    2000-04-15

    The different procedures used in HPLC to measure the pH of a mobile phase are evaluated in terms of the rigorous IUPAC definition of pH. The three procedures evaluated are as follows: measurement of the pH of the aqueous HPLC buffer before mixing it with the organic modifier, measurement of the pH of the HPLC buffer after mixing it with the organic modifier using a pH electrode system calibrated with aqueous buffers, and measurement of the pH of the HPLC buffer after mixing it with the organic modifier but calibrating the electrode system with reference buffers prepared in the same mixed solvent used as mobile phase. Following IUPAC definitions and recommendations, the three pH values can be related with the pH scales: w(w)pH, s(w)pH, and s(s)pH, respectively. The relationships between these three pH scales are also presented. The retention of several compounds with acid/base behavior in a C-18 and a polymeric column with buffered methanol/water as mobile phase is related to the mobile phase pH value measured in the three pH scales. It is demonstrated that the s(w)pH and s(s)pH scales give better relationships than the w(w)pH scale (pH measured in the aqueous buffer before mixing it with the organic modifier), commonly used on HPLC. The s(w)pH scale is specially recommended because of its simplicity of measurement: the pH is measured after mixing the aqueous buffer with the organic modifier, but the pH calibration is performed with the common aqueous reference buffers.

  10. Stability-Indicating Related Substances HPLC Method for Droxidopa and Characterization of Related Substances Using LC-MS and NMR.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Thangarathinam; Ramya, Mohandass; Arockiasamy Xavier, S J

    2016-11-01

    Stress degradation studies using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was performed and validated for Droxidopa (L-DOPS). Droxidopa was susceptible to acid hydrolysis (0.1 N HCl), alkaline hydrolysis (0.15 N NaOH) and thermal degradation (105°C). It was found to be resistant to white light, oxidation and UV light exposure (72 h). The thermal, acid and alkali degradation impurities were detected with the retention time (RT) of 12.7, 19.25 and 22.95 min. Our HPLC method detected process impurities (2R,3R)-2-amino-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-hydroxypropionic acid (Impurity H), N-Hydroxypthalimide (Impurity N), (2R,3S)-2-amino-3-(benzo[d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)-3-hydroxypropionic acid (Impurity L) and L-threo n-phthaloyl-3-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl)-serine (Intermediate) with RTs of 3.48, 15.5, 25.76 and 28.0 min. The related substances were further characterized and confirmed by liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy (LC-MS), and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis. Our HPLC method detected up to 0.05 µg/mL of Droxidopa with S/N > 3.0 and quantified up to 0.10 µg /mL of Droxidopa with S/N ratio > 10.0. Droxidopa was highly stable for 12 h after its preparation for HPLC analysis. Our newly developed HPLC method was highly precise, specific, reliable and accurate for the analysis of Droxidopa and its related substances.

  11. The effect of re-dissolution solvents and HPLC columns on the analysis of mycosporine-like amino acids in the eulittoral macroalgae Prasiola crispa and Porphyra umbilicalis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karsten, Ulf; Escoubeyrou, Karine; Charles, François

    2009-09-01

    Many macroalgal species that are regularly exposed to high solar radiation such as the eulittoral green alga Prasiola crispa and the red alga Porphyra umbilicalis synthesize and accumulate high concentrations of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) as UV-sunscreen compounds. These substances are typically extracted with a widely used standard protocol following quantification by various high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) techniques. However, further preparation steps prior to HPLC analysis as well as different HPLC column types have not been systematically checked regarding separation quality and reproducibility. Therefore pure methanol, distilled water and HPLC eluent were evaluated as re-dissolution solvent for dried Prasiola and Porphyra extracts, which were subsequently analyzed on three reversed-phase C8 and C18 HPLC columns. The data indicate that distilled water and the HPLC eluent gave almost identical peak patterns and MAA contents on the C8 and C18 columns. In contrast, the application of the widely used methanol led to double peaks or even the loss of specific peaks as well as to a strong decline in total MAA amounts ranging from about 35% of the maximum in P. crispa to 80% of the maximum in P. umbilicalis. Consequently, methanol should be avoided as re-dissolution solvent for the HPLC sample preparation. An improved protocol for the MAA analysis in macroalgae in combination with a reliable C18 column is suggested.

  12. A simple analytical procedure to replace HPLC for monitoring treatment concentrations of chloramine-T on fish culture facilities

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dawson, Verdel K.; Meinertz, Jeffery R.; Schmidt, Larry J.; Gingerich, William H.

    2003-01-01

    Concentrations of chloramine-T must be monitored during experimental treatments of fish when studying the effectiveness of the drug for controlling bacterial gill disease. A surrogate analytical method for analysis of chloramine-T to replace the existing high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method is described. A surrogate method was needed because the existing HPLC method is expensive, requires a specialist to use, and is not generally available at fish hatcheries. Criteria for selection of a replacement method included ease of use, analysis time, cost, safety, sensitivity, accuracy, and precision. The most promising approach was to use the determination of chlorine concentrations as an indicator of chloramine-T. Of the currently available methods for analysis of chlorine, the DPD (N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine) colorimetric method best fit the established criteria. The surrogate method was evaluated under a variety of water quality conditions. Regression analysis of all DPD colorimetric analyses with the HPLC values produced a linear model (Y=0.9602 X+0.1259) with an r2 value of 0.9960. The average accuracy (percent recovery) of the DPD method relative to the HPLC method for the combined set of water quality data was 101.5%. The surrogate method was also evaluated with chloramine-T solutions that contained various concentrations of fish feed or selected densities of rainbow trout. When samples were analyzed within 2 h, the results of the surrogate method were consistent with those of the HPLC method. When samples with high concentrations of organic material were allowed to age more than 2 h before being analyzed, the DPD method seemed to be susceptible to interference, possibly from the development of other chloramine compounds. However, even after aging samples 6 h, the accuracy of the surrogate DPD method relative to the HPLC method was within the range of 80–120%. Based on the data comparing the two methods, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration

  13. A simple analytical procedure to replace HPLC for monitoring treatment concentrations of chloramine-T on fish culture facilities

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dawson, V.K.; Meinertz, J.R.; Schmidt, L.J.; Gingerich, W.H.

    2003-01-01

    Concentrations of chloramine-T must be monitored during experimental treatments of fish when studying the effectiveness of the drug for controlling bacterial gill disease. A surrogate analytical method for analysis of chloramine-T to replace the existing high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method is described. A surrogate method was needed because the existing HPLC method is expensive, requires a specialist to use, and is not generally available at fish hatcheries. Criteria for selection of a replacement method included ease of use, analysis time, cost, safety, sensitivity, accuracy, and precision. The most promising approach was to use the determination of chlorine concentrations as an indicator of chloramine-T. Of the currently available methods for analysis of chlorine, the DPD (N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine) colorimetric method best fit the established criteria. The surrogate method was evaluated under a variety of water quality conditions. Regression analysis of all DPD colorimetric analyses with the HPLC values produced a linear model (Y=0.9602 X+0.1259) with an r2 value of 0.9960. The average accuracy (percent recovery) of the DPD method relative to the HPLC method for the combined set of water quality data was 101.5%. The surrogate method was also evaluated with chloramine-T solutions that contained various concentrations of fish feed or selected densities of rainbow trout. When samples were analyzed within 2 h, the results of the surrogate method were consistent with those of the HPLC method. When samples with high concentrations of organic material were allowed to age more than 2 h before being analyzed, the DPD method seemed to be susceptible to interference, possibly from the development of other chloramine compounds. However, even after aging samples 6 h, the accuracy of the surrogate DPD method relative to the HPLC method was within the range of 80-120%. Based on the data comparing the two methods, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has

  14. Formation of DNA adducts from oil-derived products analyzed by 32P-HPLC.

    PubMed

    Akkineni, L K; Zeisig, M; Baranczewski, P; Ekström, L G; Möller, L

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the genotoxic potential of DNA adducts and to compare DNA adduct levels and patterns in petroleum vacuum distillates, coal tar distillate, bitumen fume condensates, and related substances that have a wide range of boiling temperatures. An in vitro assay was used for DNA adduct analysis with human and rat S-9 liver extract metabolic activation followed by 32P-postlabeling and 32P-high-performance liquid chromatography (32p-HPLC). For petroleum distillates originating from one crude oil there was a correlation between in vitro DNA adduct formation and mutagenic index, which showed an increase with a distillation temperature of 250 degrees C and a peak around a distillation point of approximately 400 degrees C. At higher temperatures, the genotoxicity (DNA adducts and mutagenicity) rapidly declined to very low levels. Different petroleum products showed a more than 100-fold range in DNA adduct formation, with severely hydrotreated base oil and bitumen fume condensates being lowest. Coal tar distillates showed ten times higher levels of DNA adduct formation than the most potent petroleum distillate. A clustered DNA adduct pattern was seen over a wide distillation range after metabolic activation with liver extracts of rat or human origin. These clusters were eluted in a region where alkylated aromatic hydrocarbons could be expected. The DNA adduct patterns were similar for base oil and bitumen fume condensates, whereas coal tar distillates had a wider retention time range of the DNA adducts formed. Reference substances were tested in the same in vitro assay. Two- and three-ringed nonalkylated aromatics were rather low in genotoxicity, but some of the three- to four-ringed alkylated aromatics were very potent inducers of DNA adducts. Compounds with an amino functional group showed a 270-fold higher level of DNA adduct formation than the same structures with a nitro functional group. The most potent DNA adduct inducers of the 16

  15. A Simple Sample Preparation with HPLC-UV Method for Estimation of Clomipramine from Plasma

    PubMed Central

    Mostafavi, Sayed Abolfazl; Tahvilian, Reza; Dehghani Poudeh, Masoumeh; Rafeepour, Zeinab

    2010-01-01

    Clomipramine is a tricyclic antidepressant. Different methods for determination of clomipramine hydrochloride in plasma have been described. Most of these procedures favor the use of acidic back-extraction in extraction procedure and HPLC as the analytical technique. In this study, the clomipramine extraction procedure was modified and a direct injection to the column was performed to shorten the time of sample preparation considerably. Furthermore, the method was applied in bioequivalence study of new formulations of clomipramine in comparison with reference tablets. The drug and internal standard were extracted from plasma with heptan : isoamyl alcohol (95:5) and re-extracted with 200 μL of orthophosphoric acid (0.3% v/v). The organic layer was discharged and analysis was performed on C8 reverse phase ODS2 HPLC column with a mobile phase, acetonitrile : water (75:25) and UV detection set at 215 nm. Additionally, a single dose study was carried out with a two-sequence, crossover block-randomized design for bioequivalence study. Clomipramine tablets (3 × 25 mg) of either formulations (reference or test products) were administered separately in two occasions to 12 fasting healthy male volunteers. Blood samples were taken prior to and at 9 points within 48 h after dose administration. The retention time of internal standard (cisapride), clomipramine, and desmethyl clomipramine were 5.6 ± 0.2, 10.3 ± 0.3, and 9.5 ± 0.3 min, respectively. The standard curve covering the concentration ranges of 2.5-120 ng/mL was linear (r2 = 0.9950 and 0.9979) for clomipramine and desmethyl clomipramine. The co-efficient of variation for intra-day and inter-day accuracy and precision was less than 18.3%. The pharmacokinetic parameters Cmax and Tmax were obtained directly from plasma clomipramine concentrations. Kel was estimated by log-linear regression and AUC was calculated by the linear trapezoidal rule. The pharmacokinetic parameters AUC and Cmax were tested for equivalence

  16. Development and validation of HPLC analytical method for nepafenac in ophthalmic dosage form (suspension).

    PubMed

    Usman, Shahnaz; Akram, Muhammad; Aziz, Asif; Ramesh, Venkat; Sarheed, Omar Abdulraheem

    2014-09-01

    The aim of the present study was to develop and validate an analytical method for the estimation of nepafenac as a raw material as well as in dosage form (suspension) by using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC). The target was to obtain an easy, rapid, reproducible as well as a rugged method. The HPLC system that was used in the proposed study was LC-20AD liquid chromatograph equipped with SPD-20A UV-VIS detector. The separation was performed on C18 column which was attached with loop 20 β l. Elution was done at ambient temperature with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile: Water (40: 60v/v) at a flow rate of 1ml/min and at a wavelength of 254 nm. The proposed method was validated as per the ICH guidelines. The retention time for nepafenac was 7.49 minutes (% CV=0.0076). The percentage coefficient variation (CV) of six consecutive peak areas of injections was 0.34% with tailing factor 1.76. The peak area responses were linear within the concentration range of 0.078-20.0 βg/ml (R(2)=0.9993). The sensitivity of the method could be evaluated by limits of detection (LOD) (0.0195 β g/ml) and limits of quantitation (LOQ) (0.039 β g/ml). Nepafenac drug is s in its diluent that could see by intra-day (% CV =0.45-1.96) and inter-day variation (%CV=0.173-1.898%). The accuracy and recovery results of 80%, 100% and 120% were 97.40% to 102.10% with % CV of 0.3201% to 1.3496%. The robustness and ruggedness of the method are significantly broader and is reproducible. It could be used as a more convenient, efficient, easy and time saving method for the analysis of drug in raw material as well as in dosage form (ophthalmic suspension).

  17. Determination of Ephedrine Alkaloids in Botanicals and Dietary Supplements by HPLC-UV

    PubMed Central

    Roman, Mark C.; Gray, D.; Luo, G.; McClanahan, R.; Perez, R.; Roper, C.; Roscoe, V.; Shevchuk, C.; Suen, E.; Sullivan, D.; Walther, H.J.

    2008-01-01

    An international collaborative study was conducted of a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-UV method for the determination of the major (ephedrine [EP] and pseudoephedrine [PS]) and minor (norephedrine [NE], norpseudoephedrine [NP], methylephedrine [ME], and methylpseudoephedrine [MP]) alkaloids in selected dietary supplements representative of the commercially available products. Ten collaborating laboratories determined the ephedrine-type alkaloid content in 8 blind replicate samples. Five products contained ephedra ground herb or ephedra extract. These 5 products included ground botanical raw material of Ephedra sinica, a common powdered extract of Ephedra sinica, a finished product containing only Ephedra sinica ground botanical raw material, a complex multicomponent dietary supplement containing Ma Huang, and a high-protein chocolate flavored drink mix containing Ma Huang extract. In addition, collaborating laboratories received a negative control and negative control spiked with ephedrine alkaloids at high and low levels for recovery studies. Test extracts were treated to solid-phase extraction using a strong-cation exchange column to help remove interferences. The HPLC analyses were performed on a polar-embedded phenyl column using UV detection at 210 nm. Repeatability relative standard deviations (RSDr) ranged from 0.64–3.0% for EP and 2.0–6.6% for PS, excluding the high protein drink mix. Reproducibility relative standard deviations (RSDR) ranged from 2.1–6.6% for EP and 9.0–11.4% for PS, excluding the high protein drink mix. Recoveries ranged from 84.7–87.2% for EP and 84.6–98.2% for PS. The data developed for the minor alkaloids are more variable with generally unsatisfactory HORRATS(i.e., >2). However, since these alkaloids generally add little to the total alkaloid content of the products, the method gives satisfactory results in measuring total alkaloid content (RSDr 0.85–3.13%; RSDR 2.03–10.97%, HORRAT 0.69–3

  18. Analysis of gemcitabine liposome injection by HPLC with evaporative light scattering detection.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Qinmei; Liu, Liucheng; Zhang, Dengshan; Fan, XingFeng

    2012-12-01

    Gemcitabine liposome injection (i.e., stealth liposomes) has facilitated the targeting of gemcitabine for cancer treatment. We systemically reviewed liposome-based drug-delivery systems, which can improve pharmacokinetics, reduce side effects, and potentially increase tumor uptake, for pancreatic cancer therapy. A novel liposomal formulation, which allows for higher tumor-targeting efficiencies and can be used in current clinical trials to treat this challenging disease, has gained great popularity and attention. In this work, a simple, rapid high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of N-(carbonyl-methoxypolyethylene glycol 2000)-1, 2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine sodium salt and neutral colipids cholesterol and hydrogenated soy phosphatidylcholine or distearoyl phosphatidylcholine. Because of the poor ultraviolet absorbance of the lipids, evaporative light-scattering detection (ELSD) was used to monitor the separation. The separation was carried out on a YMC-Pack column (YMC Co., Ltd., Kyoto, Japan). Lipids were eluted using binary linear gradients starting from a mixture of 80% A and 20% B to 100% B in 10 minutes, followed by a 6-minute plateau at 100% B, where A is chloroform/isopropyl alcohol/diethylamine/trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) (50:50:0.01:0.0025) and B is chloroform/isopropyl alcohol/H₂O/diethylamine/TFA (41:50:9:0.01:0.0025). The mobile phase composition was then changed back to initial solvent mixture in 1 minute, and the column was equilibrated for 13 minutes before every subsequent run. Then, 0.025% (v/v) TFA was added into the mobile phase to enhance the retaining of the stealth lipids. This newly developed method enabled direct analysis of liposomes without solvent lipid extraction and was validated to be linear, precise, accurate, specific, and sensitive. The method has been successfully employed in a wide range of lipid-based formulation screening, process development, and

  19. A rapid HPLC procedure for analysis of analgesic pharmaceutical mixtures for quality assurance and drug diversion testing.

    PubMed

    Wolf, Carl E; Poklis, Alphonse

    2005-10-01

    A simple high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method that allows for the rapid identification and quantification of analgesic and anesthetic solutions typically used in surgical procedures or patient controlled analgesia is presented. The separation of bupivacaine, clonidine, fentanyl, hydromorphone, midazolam, and morphine is complete in less than 20 min. The method allows test solutions to be either directly injected or diluted prior to injection into the HPLC system. The method is useful from the standpoint that pharmaceutical preparations are usually submitted with the known drug of interest and expected concentration. The method is also useful for initial screening of solutions submitted that are either unknown or of questionable identity. The method has been successfully applied as part of hospital-based quality control and quality assurance programs to detect not only errors in the preparation of solutions of scheduled drugs, but also to uncover illegal diversion of drugs of abuse by medical personnel.

  20. Simultaneous Determination of Five Active Components in the Chinese Patent Medicine Niuhuang Jiangya Pill by HPLC-MS/MS.

    PubMed

    Xiong, Shan; Lei, Shanshan

    2016-12-16

    Niuhuang Jiangya (NHJY) pill is one of the well-known Chinese patent medicines in China used in the treatment of high blood pressure. The primary purpose of this study was to establish and validate a method using HPLC with tandem MS for the quality evaluation of NHJY pill through simultaneous determination of the following five active components: baicalin, paeoniflorin, astragaloside IV, ferulic acid, and emodin. Chromatographic separation was carried out on a Hypersil GOLD HPLC C18 column (50 × 4.6 mm, 3 μm) with acetonitrile and water as mobile phase and gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The method established in this study was selective, linear, precise, and accurate and was successfully applied to evaluate five active components in NHJY pill collected from different production batches, which could be considered a good approach to control the quality of NHJY pill and other related botanical drugs.

  1. HPLC determination of (+)-pseudoephedrine and (-)-ephedrine in Japanese herbal medicines containing Ephedra herb using solid-phase extraction.

    PubMed

    Ichikawa, Makoto; Udayama, Manabu; Imamura, Kazuhiko; Shiraishi, Sumihiro; Matsuura, Hiromichi

    2003-06-01

    We developed a rapid and simple HPLC method combined with solid-phase extraction (SPE) for quantitative analysis of (+)-pseudoephedrine (PEP) and (-)-ephedrine (EP) in Japanese herbal (Kampo) medicines such as Kakkon-to, Sho-seiryu-to, Goshaku-san and Bofu-tsusho-san. SPE was performed on TOYOPAK IC-SP M containing propylsulfonic groups. Determination of PEP and EP was carried out using ion-pair reversed-phase HPLC with sodium dodecyl sulfate. N-Benzyldiethylamine was used as an internal standard. The analytical procedure was validated with regard to specificity, linearity, accuracy, and precision. These data suggest that the analytical method developed in this study is useful for quantitative analysis of PEP and EP in various formulations of Kampo medicine containing Ephedra herb.

  2. Simultaneous quantitative determination of cinnamaldehyde and methyl eugenol from stem bark of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume using RP-HPLC.

    PubMed

    Gursale, Atish; Dighe, Vidya; Parekh, Guarang

    2010-01-01

    A simple, sensitive, and precise reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method has been developed, validated and used for simultaneous quantitative determination of cinnamaldehyde and methyl eugenol from the methanolic extract of dried bark powder of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (family Lauraceae). The ultrasonic extraction method was used for the extraction of these compounds. The reversed-phase HPLC analysis was carried out using a Intersil ODS-3V-C(18) (150 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 microm) column and a mobile phase comprising of methanol-acetonitrile-water in the volume ratio of 35:20:45, delivered at a flow rate of 1.0 cm(3)/min. The detection and quantitation of both the compounds was carried out at 221 nm.

  3. HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS analysis of phenolic compounds during ripening in exocarp and mesocarp of tomato fruit.

    PubMed

    Carrillo-López, Armando; Yahia, Elhadi

    2013-12-01

    Identification of phenolic compounds was done by means of liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) using the electrospray ionization interface (ESI). Quantification of phenolic compounds was carried out by using HPLC with diode array detector (DAD) in exocarp and mesocarp of tomato fruit at 6 different ripeness stages (mature-green, breakers, turning, pink, light-red, and red). Several phenolic compounds were identified including chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, and rutin and some combined phenolic acids were tentatively identified, mainly glycosides, such as caffeoyl hexose I, caffeoyl hexose II, caffeoylquinic acid isomer, dicaffeoylquinic acid, p-coumaroyl hexose I, p-coumaroyl hexose II, feruloyl hexose I, feruloyl hexose II, siringyl hexose, and caffeoyl deoxyhexose hexose. Fruit exocarp had higher quantities of total soluble phenolics (TSP) compared to mesocarp. During ripening, TSP increased in both exocarp and mesocarp, mainly in exocarp. While rutin increased, chlorogenic acid decreased in both tissues: exocarp and mesocarp.

  4. Simple and fast HPLC method for simultaneous determination of retinol, tocopherols, coenzyme Q(10) and carotenoids in complex samples.

    PubMed

    Gleize, Béatrice; Steib, Marlène; André, Marc; Reboul, Emmanuelle

    2012-10-15

    The effects of fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A and E) and lipid microconstituents (such as carotenoids) on human health are now well established. However, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods able to detect these molecules in simultaneous runs are often difficult to set up. We report here a 35-min reversed-phase HPLC method using a single C30 column kept at 35°C with a gradient system of methanol, methyl-tert-butyl ether and water at a flow-rate of 1 mL/min. This method resolves 11 carotenoids, retinol, α- and γ-tocopherol from complex matrixes such as food samples, human plasma and human adipose tissue within 35 min. The method is also able to separate coenzyme Q(10). The intra-day and inter-day coefficients of variation are suitable for routine clinical and scientific applications for the determination of lipid micronutrients from various sample types.

  5. Simultaneous determination of seven bioactive components in Oolong tea Camellia sinensis: quality control by chemical composition and HPLC fingerprints.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yixiang; Li, Qing; Wang, Qian; Li, Yujiao; Ling, Junhong; Liu, Lili; Chen, Xiaohui; Bi, Kaishun

    2012-01-11

    A simple and reliable method of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed for the quality control of oolong tea (the dry leaves of Camellia sinensis ): the quality control included the HPLC fingerprint and the quantitative determination of seven bioactive compounds chemicals, namely, (-)-gallocatechin, (-)-epigallocatechin, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, caffeine, (-)-epicatechin, gallocatechin gallate, and (-)-epicatechin gallate. The developed analyses of the chemicals excelled in quantifying the chemicals in oolong tea. The chemical fingerprint of oolong tea was established using the raw materials of three main production sites in China, that is, Fujian (southern and northern parts), Taiwan, and Guangdong. The fingerprints from different cultivated sources were analyzed by hierarchical cluster analysis, similarity analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), analysis of variance (ANOVA), and discriminant analysis. The results indicated that the combination of chromatographic fingerprint and quantification analysEs could be used for the quality assessment of oolong tea and its derived products.

  6. Characterization of nonstarch polysaccharides content from different edible organs of some vegetables, determined by GC and HPLC: comparative study.

    PubMed

    Villanueva-Suárez, M J; Redondo-Cuenca, A; Rodríguez-Sevilla, M D; de las Heras Martínez, M

    2003-09-24

    Content and composition of dietary fiber as nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP) was determined in vegetables belonging to different types of edible organs, using GC and HPLC. Samples analyzed were subterranean organs (radish and leek), leaves (celery, swiss chard, and lettuce), stalks (celery, swiss chard, and asparagus), inflorescence (broccoli), and fruits (tomato, green pepper, and marrow). The results indicate that though the monomeric profile is similar in all these samples quantitative differences were found for neutral sugars and uronic acids among samples of the same type of vegetal organ. The NSP values determined using CG method were in good agreement with HPLC method (R(2) = 0.9005). However, arabinose, mannose, and galactose plus rhamnose are more influenced by the analytical method used than the rest of the monomers in nearly all the samples analyzed. Final values of NSP depend on the method used in celery stalks, broccoli, and green pepper.

  7. Study on the Alkaloids in Tibetan Medicine Aconitum pendulum Busch by HPLC-MSn Combined with Column Chromatography.

    PubMed

    Wang, Beibei; Dong, Jie; Ji, Jiaojiao; Yuan, Jiang; Wang, Jiali; Wu, Jiarui; Tan, Peng; Liu, Yonggang

    2016-01-01

    A rapid, convenient and effective identification method of alkaloids was established and an attempt on isolating and analyzing the alkaloids in Aconitum pendulum Busch was conducted successfully. In this article, four high-content components including deoxyaconitine, benzoylaconine, aconine and neoline were isolated by using column chromatography. HPLC-MS(n)was employed to deduce the regulations of fragmentation of diterpenoid alkaloids which displayed a characteristic behavior of loss of CO(28u), CH3COOH(60u), CH3OH(32u), H2O(18u) and C6H5COOH(122u). Then, according to fragmentation regulation of mass spectrometry, 42 alkaloids were found inA. pendulum Among them, 38 compounds were identified and 29 alkaloids were reported for the first time for this herb. Therefore, this means that HPLC-MS(n)combined with column chromatography could work as an effective and reliable tool for rapid identification of the chemical components of herbal medicine.

  8. 'Click Chemistry' in the preparation of porous polymer-basedparticulate stationary phases for mu-HPLC separation of peptides andproteins

    SciTech Connect

    Slater, Michael; Snauko, Marian; Svec, Frantisek; Frechet, JeanM.J.

    2006-01-02

    With the use of the copper(I)-catalyzed (3 + 2) azide-alkynecycloaddition, an element of "click chemistry," stationary phasescarrying long alkyl chains or soybean trypsin inhibitor have beenprepared for use in HPLC separations in the reversed-phase and affinitymodes, respectively. The ligands were attached via a triazole ring tosize monodisperse porous beads containing either alkyne or azide pendantfunctionalities. Alkyne-containing beads prepared by directcopolymerization of propargyl acrylate with ethylene dimethacrylate wereallowed to react with azidooctadecane to give a reversed-phase sorbent.Azide-functionalized beads were prepared by chemical modification ofglycidyl methacrylate particles. Subsequent reaction with a terminalaliphatic alkyne produced a reversed-phase sorbent similar to thatobtained from the alkyne beads. Soybean trypsin inhibitor wasfunctionalized with N-(4-pentynoyloxy) succinimide to carry alkyne groupsand then allowed to react with the azide-containing beads to produce anaffinity sorbent for trypsin. The performance of these stationary phaseswas demonstrated with the HPLC separations of a variety of peptides andproteins.

  9. Validated HPLC method for simultaneous estimation of khellol glucoside, khellin and visnagin in Ammi visnaga L. fruits and pharmaceutical preparations.

    PubMed

    Badr, Jihan M; Hadad, Ghada M; Nahriry, Khaled; Hassanean, Hashem A

    2015-01-01

    Tea bags including fruits of Ammi visnaga L. are used in Egypt as remedy for the treatment of kidney stones. Our study focuses on developing simple and rapid method utilising HPLC for quantitative estimation of khellol glucoside (KG), khellin (KH) and visnagin (VS) simultaneously. Their concentrations were determined in A. visnaga L. fruits at different developmental stages and in pharmaceutical formulations together with following up them during shelf life. Separation was accomplished using HPLC. Perfect resolution between KG, KH and VS was possible through using a mobile phase consisting of water:methanol:tetrahydrofuran (50:45:5, v/v/v). Peaks were detected at 245 nm. The suggested method for the determination of KG, KH and VS was successful in determining the analytes of interest without any interference of other compounds and matrix. All validation parameters were satisfactory and the procedure was relatively easy and fast as extracts are evaluated without previous steps of purification.

  10. Identification of phenolic compounds in red wine extract samples and zebrafish embryos by HPLC-ESI-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS.

    PubMed

    Vallverdú-Queralt, Anna; Boix, Nuria; Piqué, Ester; Gómez-Catalan, Jesús; Medina-Remon, Alexander; Sasot, Gemma; Mercader-Martí, Mercè; Llobet, Juan M; Lamuela-Raventos, Rosa M

    2015-08-15

    The zebrafish embryo is a highly interesting biological model with applications in different scientific fields, such as biomedicine, pharmacology and toxicology. In this study, we used liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation-linear ion trap quadrupole-Orbitrap-mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS) to identify the polyphenol compounds in a red wine extract and zebrafish embryos. Phenolic compounds and anthocyanin metabolites were determined in zebrafish embryos previously exposed to the red wine extract. Compounds were identified by injection in a high-resolution system (LTQ-Orbitrap) using accurate mass measurements in MS, MS(2) and MS(3) modes. To our knowledge, this research constitutes the first comprehensive identification of phenolic compounds in zebrafish by HPLC coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry.

  11. [Determination of magnesium stearate in pharmaceutical preparations using derivatization with 2-nitrophenylhydrazine and HPLC].

    PubMed

    Arai, Takashi; Hosoi, Yasue

    2005-03-01

    In general, spectrophotometric methods (inductively coupled plasma or atomic absorption spectrophotometry) are used for the assay of magnesium stearate (Mg-St). In this study, a new rapid, selective assay method was developed for Mg-St in pharmaceutical formulations. The method was based on isocratic reverse-phase liquid chromatography using a mobile phase of acetonitrile-water (80:20, v/v) after precolumn derivatization with 2-nitrophenyl hydrazine for sensitive UV detection. Margaric acid was used as an internal standard and the substances were detectable at 230 nm or 400 nm. Using a short (2 cm) HPLC column reduced the analytical time to 5 min. Validation of the newly developed method was performed in accordance with the International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. The linearity range for Mg-St was 0.00-0.04 mg/ml (as the concentration of injected sample solution) and their correlation factor was 0.9998. The determination and detection limits for Mg-St were 6 microg and 2 microg, respectively. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of trace amounts of Mg-St in commercially available tablets with a high recovery percentage, good accuracy, and precision.

  12. Staphylococcus aureus methicillin resistance detected by HPLC-MS/MS targeted metabolic profiling.

    PubMed

    Schelli, Katie; Rutowski, Joshua; Roubidoux, Julia; Zhu, Jiangjiang

    2017-03-15

    Recently, novel bioanalytical methods, such as NMR and mass spectrometry based metabolomics approaches, have started to show promise in providing rapid, sensitive and reproducible detection of Staphylococcus aureus antibiotic resistance. Here we performed a proof-of-concept study focused on the application of HPLC-MS/MS based targeted metabolic profiling for detecting and monitoring the bacterial metabolic profile changes in response to sub-lethal levels of methicillin exposure. One hundred seventy-seven targeted metabolites from over 20 metabolic pathways were specifically screened and one hundred and thirty metabolites from in vitro bacterial tests were confidently detected from both methicillin susceptible and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA and MRSA, respectively). The metabolic profiles can be used to distinguish the isogenic pairs of MSSA strains from MRSA strains, without or with sub-lethal levels of methicillin exposure. In addition, better separation between MSSA and MRSA strains can be achieved in the latter case using principal component analysis (PCA). Metabolite data from isogenic pairs of MSSA and MRSA strains were further compared without and with sub-lethal levels of methicillin exposure, with metabolic pathway analyses additionally performed. Both analyses suggested that the metabolic activities of MSSA strains were more susceptible to the perturbation of the sub-lethal levels of methicillin exposure compared to the MRSA strains.

  13. A validated HPLC method for the determination of octocrylene in solid lipid nanoparticle systems.

    PubMed

    Berkman, M S; Yazan, Y

    2011-02-01

    UV filters are traditionally classified as chemical absorbers and physical blockers depending on their mechanism of action. In this study, one of the most important chemical UVB absorber, octocrylene, was incorporated into Solid Lipid Nanoparticle (SLN) systems which themselves have UV blocking potential similar to physical blockers. Determination of octocrylene in the formulations was performed by HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromatography) using a new validated method based on ICH harmonised tripartite guideline "validation of analytical procedures Q2(R1)". Determination and validation studies were carried out on a 4.6 x 250 mm, 5 microm C18 ACE column using an optimized mobile phase of acetonitrile:water (75:25, v/v) at a flow rate of 1.5 mL x min(-1). UV detection was performed at 210 nm and the column temperature was adjusted to 50 degrees C. Cyclosporine A was used as an internal standard (IS). The specified working range was derived from linearity studies and kept in the concentration range of 2.5 x -5.5 x 10(-5) M. Good correlation and accuracy were obtained. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQ) values were determined to be 1.64 x 10(-6) M and 4.97 x 10-6 M, respectively. Octocrylene recovery % results of the SLN formulations stored at 25 degrees C, 4 degrees C and 40 degrees C for 360 days were investigated and compared to the freshly prepared samples.

  14. HPLC and ELISA analyses of larval bile acids from Pacific and western brook lampreys

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Yun, S.-S.; Scott, A.P.; Bayer, J.M.; Seelye, J.G.; Close, D.A.; Li, W.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative studies were performed on two native lamprey species, Pacific lamprey (Lampetra tridentata) and western brook lamprey (Lampetra richardsoni) from the Pacific coast along with sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) from the Great Lakes, to investigate their bile acid production and release. HPLC and ELISA analyses of the gall bladders and liver extract revealed that the major bile acid compound from Pacific and western brook larval lampreys was petromyzonol sulfate (PZS), previously identified as a migratory pheromone in larval sea lamprey. An ELISA for PZS has been developed in a working range of 20pg-10ng per well. The tissue concentrations of PZS in gall bladder were 127.40, 145.86, and 276.96??g/g body mass in sea lamprey, Pacific lamprey, and western brook lamprey, respectively. Releasing rates for PZS in the three species were measured using ELISA to find that western brook and sea lamprey released PZS 20 times higher than Pacific lamprey did. Further studies are required to determine whether PZS is a chemical cue in Pacific and western brook lampreys. ?? 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Submerged fermentation production and characterization of intracellular triterpenoids from Ganoderma lucidum using HPLC-ESI-MS*

    PubMed Central

    Cui, Mei-lin; Yang, Huan-yi; He, Guo-qing

    2015-01-01

    As the main bioactive metabolites of Ganoderma lucidum, triterpenoids have various pharmacological effects. In this paper, the nutritional requirements and culture conditions of a submerged culture of G. lucidum were optimized using the response surface methodology; maximum mycelia biomass and intracellular triterpenoid production reached 1.87 g/100 ml and 93.21 mg/100 ml, respectively, for a culture consisting of wort 4.10% (0.041 g/ml) and yeast extract 1.89% (0.0189 g/ml), pH 5.40. For the first time, we established that wort, which is cheap and abundant, can replace the more commonly used glucose as the sole source of carbohydrate. Using high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS), 10 major ganoderic acids were tentatively identified based on the predominant fragmentation pathways with the elimination of H2O and CO2, as well as cleavage of the D-ring. PMID:26642183

  16. Isocratic RP-HPLC method for rutin determination in solid oral dosage forms.

    PubMed

    Kuntić, Vesna; Pejić, Natasa; Ivković, Branka; Vujić, Zorica; Ilić, Katarina; Mićić, Svetlana; Vukojević, Vladana

    2007-01-17

    A rapid and sensitive assay for quantitative determination of rutin in oral dosage forms based on isocratic reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) was developed and validated. Using a C(18) reverse-phase analytical column, the following conditions were chosen as optimal: mobile phase methanol-water 1:1 (v/v), pH 2.8 (adjusted with phosphoric acid), flow rate=1 mL min(-1) and temperature T=40.0 degrees C. Linearity was observed in the concentration range 8-120 microg mL(-1) with a correlation coefficient of 0.99982 and the limit of detection (LOD)=2.6 microg mL(-1), and limit of quantification (LOQ)=8.0 microg mL(-1). Intra- and inter-day precision were within acceptable limits. Robustness test indicated that the mobile phase composition and pH influence mainly the separation. The proposed method allowed direct determination of rutin in pharmaceutical dosage forms in the presence of excipients, but is not suitable for preparations where compounds structurally/chemically related to rutin may be present.

  17. Measurements of Gaseous Carbonyls Using an Automated HPLC system during the BAQS-MET Field Study.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nuaaman, I.; McLaren, R.; Ng, A.; Kornilova, A.; Moukhtar, S.

    2008-12-01

    Measurements of gaseous carbonyls were made using an automated HPLC system, which utilizes the DNPH derivitization method, during the Border Air Quality and Meteorology Study (BAQS-MET). The BAQS-MET field campaign was conducted to investigate the effects of transport and lake breezes on pollutant levels in southwestern Ontario, as well as to determine the sources of these pollutants. The measurements took place in Ridgetown, ON from Jun 21st to July 10, 2007. Ridgetown is a rural area in close proximity to the United States, as well as Lake Erie and Lake St. Clair, rendering it an ideal location for the objectives of this field campaign. The levels of nine carbonyls (C1-C7) including methylglyoxal and o-tolualdehyde were measured on a 2-hour cycle time throughout the study. The median levels of the most abundant carbonyls were: 1.8 ppb for acetone, 1.7 ppb for formaldehyde and 0.92 ppb for acetaldehyde. These levels were significantly elevated during enhanced smog events that occurred during periods with south to southwesterly flow. The carbonyl data set is also being analyzed in conjunction with NMHC data collected at the same site via Suma canisters and GC-FID analysis, to determine the sources of carbonyls measured at the site and the photochemical age of the air masses.

  18. HPLC immunoaffinity purification of rabies virus glycoprotein using immobilized antipeptide antibodies.

    PubMed

    Santucci, A; Rustici, M; Bracci, L; Lozzi, L; Soldani, P; Neri, P

    1990-02-20

    It has been reported that the acetylcholine receptor may be used by the rabies virus to concentrate at sites in proximal to peripheral nerves. It has also been reported that the binding site for the receptor is located within the 190-203 region of the virus glycoprotein on the basis of its structural homology with the toxic center of snake neurotoxins, which are well known cholinergic ligands. We prepared monoclonal antibodies against the synthetic tetradecapeptide having the same sequence as the putative binding site of the rabies virus. One of three antibodies (clone 2PV 36-74) was able to recognize both the whole virus and its peplomeric glycoprotein and could bind acetylcholine. It was also able to inhibit the binding both of alpha-bungarotoxin and rabies virus glycoprotein to the acetylcholine receptor. We have covalently bound 2PV 36-74 to an HPLC affinity column and utilized it for specific purification of rabies virus glycoprotein. The immunoaffinity chromatographic method we describe is very sensitive and highly specific. Moreover this procedure does not denature the sample and is vary rapid and efficient.

  19. Plasma mitomycin C concentrations determined by HPLC coupled to solid-phase extraction.

    PubMed

    Paroni, R; Arcelloni, C; De Vecchi, E; Fermo, I; Mauri, D; Colombo, R

    1997-04-01

    The aim of this study was to set up a method for quantification of plasma mitomycin C (MMC) concentrations during intravesical chemotherapy delivered in the presence of local bladder hyperthermia (HT). In comparison with existing methods, this assay, characterized by relative simplicity and efficiency, resulted in the facilitation of performance with nondedicated instrumentation or nonspecialized staff. Purification from plasma matrix was carried out by solid-phase extraction under vaccuum. The purified drug was then collected directly into the vials of the HPLC autosampler. Chromatographic analysis was performed on a reversed-phase C18 column with water:acetonitrile (85:15 by vol) as the mobile phase and the UV detector set at 365 nm. The use of porfiromycin as internal standard provided a method with good within-day precision (CV 6.0% at 5 micrograms/L, n = 6), linearity (0.5-50 micrograms/L), and specificity. The lower limit of detection (< or = 0.5 microgram/L) proved to be suitable for plasma pharmacokinetics monitoring in two tested patients treated with MMC + HT for superficial bladder cancer.

  20. A novel fluorescence derivatization method combined with HPLC for determining the activities of endogenous caspase.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jiachi; Lu, Ye; Liang, Jianying

    2012-11-07

    A novel fluorescence derivatization method combined with HPLC was developed to detect the activity of caspase-3 and -8 in two cell lines (Hela cells and A549 cells) which were activated by low temperature-assisted ultraviolet irradiation (LT-UV), mitomycin C (MMC) and camptothecin during the apoptosis, respectively. Two peptide substrates for either caspase-3 or -8 were designed, of which peptide fragments were obtained by enzymatic modification, followed by fluorescence derivatization. A single fluorescent product was formed when a peptide was heated at 120 °C for 10 min in a neutral aqueous medium (pH 7.0) containing catechol, sodium periodate and sodium borate. Commercial kits for detecting the activity of caspase-3 and -8 were used as a control. The relative activity of the caspases detected by fluorescence derivatization was similar to that obtained by commercial kits, which indicated that the novel method is reliable. The activity assays of recombinant human caspases showed that the novel method provided higher selectivity than that of commercial kits, which proved it to be more accurate for determining the activity of caspases in apoptosis.

  1. Multiple component quantitative analysis for the pattern recognition and quality evaluation of Kalopanacis Cortex using HPLC.

    PubMed

    Men, Chu Van; Jang, Yu Seon; Lee, Kwan Jun; Lee, Jae Hyun; Quang, Tran Hong; Long, Nguyen Van; Luong, Hoang Van; Kim, Young Ho; Kang, Jong Seong

    2011-12-01

    A quantitative and pattern recognition analyses were conducted for quality evaluation of Kalopanacis Cortex (KC) using HPLC. For quantitative analysis, four bioactive compounds, liriodendrin, pinoresinol O-β-D-glucopyranoside, acanthoside B and kalopanaxin B, were determined. The analysis method was optimized and validated using ODS column with mobile phase of methanol and aqueous phosphoric acid. The validation gave acceptable linearities (r > 0.9995), recoveries (98.4% to 101.9%) and precisions (RSD < 2.20). The limit of detection of compounds ranged from 0.4 to 0.9 μg/mL. Among the four compounds, liriodendrin was recommended as a marker compound for the quality control of KC. The pattern analysis was successfully carried out by analyzing thirty two samples from four species, and the authentic KC samples were completely discriminated from other inauthentic species by linear discriminant analysis. The results indicated that the method was suitable for the quantitative analysis of liriodendrin and the quality evaluation of KC.

  2. Development and application of a HPLC method for eight sunscreen agents in suncare products.

    PubMed

    Peruchi, L M; Rath, S

    2012-06-01

    This work describes the development, validation and application of a simple and fast high-performance liquid chromatography-with diode array dectection (HPLC-DAD) method for the determination of eight sunscreen agents: benzophenone-3, octocrylene, ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, ethylhexyl salicylate, homosalate (used in two isomeric forms), butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, 4-methylbenzylidene camphor and ethylhexyl dimethyl PABA in sunscreen formulations. The separation of the eight sunscreen compounds was achieved using an ACE C18 column (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm), with a column temperature 20°C, and a mobile phase of 88 : 12 (v/v) methanol-water with isocratic elution. Column temperature strongly influences the retention time and resolution of the compounds. The flow rate was 1.0 mL min(-1) and quantitation was performed by external calibration at the maximum wavelength of each compound. The sample preparation was simple and consisted basically of sample dilution with methanol, centrifugation and filtration in syringe filters before quantitation. Total run time was 18 min. The method was validated according to the parameters: linear range, linearity, selectivity, intra-day and inter-day precision and accuracy. Ten samples of sunscreen emulsions commercially available in Brazil (SPF 30) from different manufacturers were analysed using the proposed method. The number of the sunscreen agents varied between one and five in a single sample. The concentrations of all compounds were in the range of 0.9-10% (w/w) and were in accordance with the current Brazilian legislation.

  3. Quantification of protein thiols using ThioGlo 1 fluorescent derivatives and HPLC separation.

    PubMed

    Hoff, Signe; Larsen, Flemming H; Andersen, Mogens L; Lund, Marianne N

    2013-04-07

    A method for quantification of total soluble protein-derived thiols in beer was developed based on the formation of fluorescent adducts with the maleimide compound ThioGlo 1. The problem of interference from fluorescent adducts of sulfite and ThioGlo 1 was solved by HPLC separation of the adducts followed by fluorescence detection. Using standard addition of GSH, a detection limit of 0.028 μM thiols was achieved. The application and validation of the method was demonstrated for beers with different color intensities, and the application range is in principle for any biological system containing thiols. However, the quantification of cysteine was complicated by a lower fluorescence response of its ThioGlo 1 adducts. Based on the studies of the responses of a series of cysteine-derived thiols and (1)H NMR studies of the structures of ThioGlo 1 adducts with GSH and cysteine, it was concluded that thiols with a neighboring free amino group yield ThioGlo 1 adducts with a reduced fluorescence intensity.

  4. HPLC-UV method validation for the identification and quantification of bioactive amines in commercial eggs.

    PubMed

    de Figueiredo, Tadeu Chaves; de Assis, Débora Cristina Sampaio; Menezes, Liliane Denize Miranda; da Silva, Guilherme Resende; Lanza, Isabela Pereira; Heneine, Luiz Guilherme Dias; Cançado, Silvana de Vasconcelos

    2015-09-01

    A quantitative and confirmatory high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) method for the determination of bioactive amines in the albumen and yolk of commercial eggs was developed, optimized and validated by analyte extraction with trichloroacetic acid and pre-column derivatization with dansyl chloride. Phenylethylamine, putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, tyramine, spermidine and spermine standards were used to evaluate the following performance parameters: limit of detection (LoD), limit of quantification (LoQ), selectivity, linearity, precision, recovery and ruggedness. The LoD of the method was defined from 0.2 to 0.3 mg kg(-1) for the yolk matrix and from 0.2 to 0.4 mg kg(-1) for the albumen matrix; the LoQ was from 0.7 to 1.0 mg kg(-1) for the yolk matrix and from 0.7 to 1.1 mg kg(-1) for the albumen matrix. The validated method exhibited excellent selectivity and separation of all amines with coefficients of determination higher than 0.99. The obtained recovery values were from 90.5% to 108.3%, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) was lower than 10% under repeatability conditions for the studied analytes. The performance parameters show the validated method to be adequate for the determination of bioactive amines in egg albumen and yolk.

  5. Patterns of microbial community biomass, composition and HPLC diagnostic pigments in the Costa Rica upwelling dome

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, Andrew G.; Landry, Michael R.; Freibott, Alexandra; Selph, Karen E.; Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Andrés

    2016-01-01

    We investigated biomass, size-structure, composition, depth distributions and spatial variability of the phytoplankton community in the Costa Rica Dome (CRD) in June–July 2010. Euphotic zone profiles were sampled daily during Lagrangian experiments in and out of the dome region, and the community was analyzed using a combination of digital epifluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and HPLC pigments. The mean depth-integrated biomass of phytoplankton ranged 2-fold, from 1089 to 1858 mg C m−2 (mean ± SE = 1378 ± 112 mg C m−2), among 4 water parcels tracked for 4 days. Corresponding mean (±SE) integrated values for total chlorophyll a (Chl a) and the ratio of autotrophic carbon to Chl a were 24.1 ± 1.5 mg Chl a m−2 and 57.5 ± 3.4, respectively. Absolute and relative contributions of picophytoplankton (∼60%), Synechococcus (>33%) and Prochlorococcus (17%) to phytoplankton community biomass were highest in the central dome region, while >20 µm phytoplankton accounted for ≤10%, and diatoms <2%, of biomass in all areas. Nonetheless, autotrophic flagellates, dominated by dinoflagellates, exceeded biomass contributions of Synechococcus at all locations. Order-of-magnitude discrepancies in the relative contributions of diatoms (overestimated) and dinoflagellates (underestimated) based on diagnostic pigments relative to microscopy highlight potential significant biases associated with making community inferences from pigments. PMID:27275024

  6. A validated method for halquinol extraction from chicken liver matrix for residual HPLC studies.

    PubMed

    Mushigeri, Sadanand; Ganesh, M; Radhakrishna, P M

    2006-01-01

    Extraction is the key step in the analysis of food samples, from either plant or animal sources for residues of veterinary drugs and pesticides. Such residues pose an unacceptable risk to the consumer and information is insufficient to allow a full assessment. This paper presents a method for extracting and determining Halquinol, a veterinary drug in liver of chicken. The first step of the study was to establish and validate a method for determination of Halquinol, which was achieved using HPLC equipped with a C18 reversed-phase, monomeric column and a MWD-UV detector. In the second step, we extracted and purified the liver samples. Liver samples were homogenized in buffer, extracted with ethyl acetate, and cleaned up using a solid-phase extraction column. The limit of quantification of the method was 0.1 microg/l mL, and detection limit was 0.01 microg/l mL. Mean recoveries in chicken liver ranged from 57% to 91%.

  7. Genetic and alkaloid analysis of Menispermum dauricum DC. by RAPD and HPLC.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Jue; Qu, Fan; Nan, Rui

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the present work was to determine whether dauricine could be used as a taxonomic marker for Menispermum dauricum DC., and to explore the correlation among RAPD, ecological markers and chemical markers. To this end, the chemical and genetic differences of 173 individual samples of M. dauricum from nine different sources were studied based on the relevant ecological factors including longitude, latitude, annual precipitation, mean temperature, annual accumulated temperature and mean sea level. The contents of dauricine in the sample rhizomes were assayed by HPLC with photodiode array detection. The leaves from the same sample were assayed using randomly amplified polymorphism DNA (RAPD). The genetic distances were then compared. Hierarchical cluster analysis and multiple linear stepwise regression analysis were used in the statistical analysis. The results indicated that the contents of dauricine were respectively correlated with the genetic distance (r = 1.000), longitude (r = 0.849), latitude (r = 0.861), annual precipitation (r = 0.903), mean temperature(r = 0.912), annual accumulated temperature (r = 0.919) and mean sea level (r = 0.925). It is concluded that the content of dauricine in M. dauricum is significantly correlated with genetic distance and ecological factors, and may be used as the taxonomic marker.

  8. Profiling the chlorogenic acids of aster by HPLC-MS(n).

    PubMed

    Clifford, Michael N; Zheng, Wang; Kuhnert, Nikolai

    2006-01-01

    Using HPLC-MS(n), 33 chlorogenic acids were identified in an aqueous-alcoholic extract of Aster ageratoides Turcz. flower buds. These were three isomers each of p-coumaroylquinic acid, caffeoylquinic acid, feruloylquinic acid, dicaffeoylquinic acid and diferuloylquinic acid, and six isomers each of p-coumaroyl-caffeoylquinic acid, p-coumaroyl-feruloylquinic acid and caffeoyl-feruloylquinic acid. Only the caffeoylquinic acids and dicaffeoylquinic acids have been reported previously in Asteraceae. Three of the six p-coumaroyl-feruloylquinic acids (3-feruloyl-4-p-coumaroylquinic acid, '3-feruloyl-5-p-coumaroylquinic acid and 4-feruloyl-5-p-coumaroylquinic acid) have not been observed previously in nature. Cis-5-p-coumaroylquinic acid was identified at a concentration ca 25% that of the more common trans isomer. The feruloylquinic acids and diferuloylquinic acids dominated the mono- and di-acyl chlorogenic acid fractions, respectively, making this plant material a useful source of these commercially non-available substances. These 33 chlorogenic acids were not detected in the leaves or stem of A. ageratoides Turcz., or in the flower buds of A. ageratoides Turcz. var. Gerla or A. kalimeris indica (L) Sch. Bip. Only the feruloylquinic acids were detected in the root of A. ageratoides Turcz. It was not possible to detect any 1-acyl chlorogenic acids, any chlorogenic acids with a succinic acid substituent, or any chlorogenic acids based on muco-quinic acid.

  9. Comparative peptide mapping of adrenergic and cholinergic neutrotransmitter receptors by reverse-HPLC

    SciTech Connect

    Kerlavage, A.R.; Fraser, C.M.; Venter, J.C.; Shreeve, S.M.

    1986-05-01

    The authors have developed a methodology for unambiguously identifying neutrotransmitter receptor proteins and comparing structural features of related receptors as well as those in different classes. These techniques have been applied to the study of the ..cap alpha..- and ..beta..-adrenergic receptors as well as the muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic receptors. The method involves comparative peptide mapping of total proteolytic digests of receptor proteins by microbore reverse-phase HPLC in conjunction with covalent modification by specific receptor ligands or (/sup 125/I)-labeling. Femtomole amounts of receptor can be analyzed. The maps of all the (/sup 125/I)-labeled receptors contain between 20 and 25 peaks and each receptor has a unique profile although all are similar in the very hydrophobic region of the map. The ..cap alpha../sub 2/-adrenergic receptor from human platelets has a higher total percentage of hydrophilic peaks than either the guinea pig lung ..beta../sub 2/-adrenergic receptor or the porcine atria muscarinic receptor. Two forms of the muscarinic receptor have very similar but clearly distinct profiles. The nicotinic receptor subunits show a higher degree of homology by this method than was revealed by previous mapping studies which utilized SDS-PAGE or thin-layer techniques.

  10. HPLC purification of RNA aptamers up to 59 nucleotides with single-nucleotide resolution.

    PubMed

    Huang, Zhen; Lin, Chi-Yen; Jaremko, William; Niu, Li

    2015-01-01

    An RNA sample is usually heterogeneous. RNA heterogeneity refers to difference in length or size (i.e., number of nucleotides [nt]), sequence, or alternative but coexisting conformations. Separation and purification of RNA is generally required for investigating the structure and function of RNA, such as RNA catalysis and RNA structure determination by nuclear magnetic resonance or crystallography. Separation and purification of RNA is also required for using RNAs as functional probes and therapeutics as well as building blocks for RNA nanoparticles. Previously established protocols are limited in separating RNAs longer than 25 nt by single-nucleotide resolution. When the length of RNAs becomes longer, single-nucleotide separation of RNAs becomes more challenging. Here we describe protocols, by the use of ion-pair, reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), to extend our ability to separate regular RNAs up to 59 nt with single-nucleotide resolution. For chemically modified RNAs at 2' positions on the ribose, we can resolve RNAs of similar sizes even with a 26 Da difference. This is much less than 320 Da, an average single-nucleotide molecular weight difference.

  11. Separation of bacteriochlorophyll homologues from green photosynthetic sulfur bacteria by reversed-phase HPLC.

    PubMed

    Borrego, C M; Garcia-Gil, L J

    1994-07-01

    A reversed-phase High Performance Liquid Cromatography (HPLC) method has been developed to accurately separate bacteriochlorophyllsc, d ande homologues in a reasonably short run time of 60 minutes. By using this method, two well-defined groups of bacteriochlorophyll homologue peaks can be discriminated. The first one consists of 4 peaks (min 24 to 30), which corresponds to the four main farnesyl homologues. The second peak subset is formed by a cluster of up to 10 minor peaks (min 33 to 40). These peaks can be related with series of several alcohol esters of the different chlorosome chlorophylls. The number of homologues was, however, quite variable depending on both, the bacteriochlorophyll and the bacterial species. The method hereby described, also provides a good separation of other photosynthetic pigments, either bacterial (Bacteriochlorophylla, chlorobactene, isorenieratene and okenone) or algal ones (Chlorophylla, Pheophytina and β-carotene). A preliminary screening of the homologue composition of several green photosynthetic bacterial species and isolates, has revealed different relative quantitative patterns. These differences seem to be related to physiological aspects rather than to taxonomic ones. The application of the method to the study of natural populations avoids the typical drawbacks on the pigment identification of overlapping eukaryotic and prokaryotic phototrophic microorganisms, giving further information about their physiological status.

  12. Rapid Analysis of Glibenclamide Using an Environmentally Benign Stability-Indicating RP-HPLC Method

    PubMed Central

    Haq, Nazrul; Alanazi, Fars Kaed; Alsarra, Ibrahim Abdullah; Shakeel, Faiyaz

    2014-01-01

    An environmentally benign RP-HPLC approach for rapid analysis of glibenclamide in pure form, developed nanoemulsion and commercial tablets was developed and validated in present investigation. The green chromatographic identification was performed on Lichrosphere 250 X 4.0 mm RP C8 column having a 5 μm packing as a stationary phase using a combination of ethanol: methanol (50:50 % v/v) as a mobile phase, at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min with UV detection at 245 nm. The proposed method was validated for linearity, selectivity, accuracy, precision, robustness, sensitivity and specificity as per international conference on harmonization (ICH) guidelines. The utility of proposed method was verified by assay of glibenclamide in developed nanoemulsion and commercial tablets. The proposed method was found to be satisfactory in terms of selectivity, precision, accuracy, robustness, sensitivity and specificity. The content of glibenclamide in developed nanoemulsion and commercial tablets was found to be 100.50 % and 99.15 % respectively. The proposed method successfully resoled glibenclamide peak in the presence of its all type of degradation products which indicated stability-indicating property of the proposed method. These results indicated that the green chromatographic method could be successfully employed for routine analysis of glibenclamide in pure drug and various commercial formulations. PMID:25276186

  13. HPLC-MSn identification and quantification of flavonol glycosides in 28 wild and cultivated berry species.

    PubMed

    Mikulic-Petkovsek, Maja; Slatnar, Ana; Stampar, Franci; Veberic, Robert

    2012-12-15

    Berries and red fruits are rich dietary sources of polyphenols with reported health benefits. More than 50 different flavonols (glycosides of quercetin, myricetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, syringetin and laricitrin) have been detected and quantified with HPLC-MS(n) in fruits of blueberry, bilberry, cranberry, lingonberry, eastern shadbush, Japanese wineberry, black mulberry, chokeberry, red, black and white currants, jostaberry, red and white gooseberry, hardy kiwifruit, goji berry, rowan, dog rose, Chinese and midland hawthorn, wild and cultivated species of blackberry, raspberry, strawberry and elderberry. The phenolic constituents and contents varied considerably among the analyzed berry species. Elderberry contained the highest amount of total flavonols (450-568 mgkg(-1) FW), followed by berry species, containing more than 200 mgkg(-1) FW of total: chokeberry (267mgkg(-1)), eastern shadbush (261 mgkg(-1)), wild grown blackberry (260 mgkg(-1)), rowanberry (232 mgkg(-1)), american cranberry (213 mgkg(-1)) and blackcurrants (204 mgkg(-1)). Strawberry (10.5 mgkg(-1)) and white currants (4.5 mgkg(-1)) contained the lowest amount of total flavonols. Quercetins represent the highest percentage (46-100%) among flavonols in most analyzed berries. In wild strawberry and gooseberry the prevailing flavonols belong to the group of isorhamnetins (50-62%) and kaempferols, which represent the major part of flavonols in currants (49-66%). Myricetin glycosides could only be detected in chokeberry, rowanberry and species from the Grossulariaceae, and Adoxaceae family and Vaccinium genus. Wild strawberry and blackberry contained from 3- to 5-fold higher total flavonols than the cultivated one.

  14. [Study on the determination of N-methylcarbamate insecticides in milk by HPLC].

    PubMed

    Li, Y; Wang, X

    1997-07-01

    A high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method using ultraviolet detector (210nm) for simultaneous determination of 5 carbamate insecticides in milk has been developed. Five carbamate insecticides aldicarb, MTMC, carbofuran, carbaryl and MIPC were separated on a reverse phase column (ODS) using methanol-water (45:55) mobile phase, and the resolution was higher than 2.23. The linearity for NMCs standards was good (r = 0.9944-0.9963) and the detection limits of 5 carbamate insecticides were 0.75-3.00 ng. Samples of milk were extracted with acetone. The extraction and partition were combined into one step by saturating the extraction solvent with NaCl and at the same time driving away the water by dichloromethane. The extract was cleaned up by gel permeation (Bio-Beads S-X3). The conditions of Bio-Beads S-X3 column for NMCs multiresidues analysis were studied. The elution solvent was ethyl acetate-cyclohexane (1: 1). The average recoveries of 5 NMCs in samples of milk were above 80%.

  15. Determination of aflatoxins in nuts of Tabriz confectionaries by ELISA and HPLC methods

    PubMed Central

    siahi Shadbad, mohammad reza; Ansarin, masoud; Tahavori, Ali; Ghaderi, Faranak; Nemati, Mahboob

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Aflatoxins (AFs) are a group of mycotoxins and secondary metabolites of various species of Aspergillus. There are various forms of aflatoxins including B1, B2, G1, G2, M1 and M2 types. Aflatoxins cause important health problems and have high potential effect on liver cancer. Therefore, numerous investigations have been conducted during last three decades. The aim of this work is to determine the contamination levels of nuts used by the confectionaries in Tabriz. Method: A total of 142 samples including 35 almond , 26 walnut, 4 seeds of apricot, 6 sunflower seeds kernel, 6 sesame seed, 6 peanuts , 32 pistachio,13 hazelnuts and 14 cashews samples were collected from Tabriz confectionaries. The ELISA method was employed for the screening of total aflatoxins. Result: In 13 cases (28.1% of pistachios, 5.1% of walnuts and 7.1% of cashews) contamination rate of higher than 15 ppb were observed. The HPLC method was applied for the confirmation of ELISA results. Aflatoxin B1 was the highest detected AFs. Conclusion: The overall results of the tested samples indicated that the rate of contamination of pistachios is higher than the other tested samples. PMID:24312781

  16. A stability-indicating HPLC method for simultaneous determination of morphine and naltrexone.

    PubMed

    Jafari-Nodoushan, Milad; Barzin, Jalal; Mobedi, Hamid

    2016-02-01

    This study developed a stability-indicating reversed-phase HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of morphine sulfate and naltrexone hydrochloride content in bulk, Solid dosage forms and in-vitro dissolution samples to support product development and quality control efforts. Chromatographic separation of the pharmaceutical compound was achieved on a perfectSil™ MZ C18 column (250×4.6mm, 5μm) with an isocratic mobile phase composed of a mixture of acetate buffer (10mM, pH 4, containing 0.1% of 1-heptanesulfonic acid sodium salt) and acetonitrile with 80/20 at a flow rate of 1.5mlmin(-1). Both analytes were quantified using a photodiode array detector set at a wavelength of 280nm and column temperature was set to 30°C. naltrexone, morphine and a mixture of the two were subjected to thermal, peroxide, acid, base and photolytic degradation and their peak homogeneity was obtained using a photodiode array detector, demonstrating the specificity of method. These pharmaceuticals were spiked in biological fluid to examine method selectivity. The method was validated for system suitability, linearity, accuracy, precision, detection and quantification limits and robustness and was found it is acceptable in range of 2-250μgml(-1) for morphine and 4-100μgml(-1) for naltrexone.

  17. Quantitative analysis of phosphatidylcholine molecular species using HPLC and light scattering detection.

    PubMed

    Brouwers, J F; Gadella, B M; van Golde, L M; Tielens, A G

    1998-02-01

    A number of HPLC chromatographic procedures can be used to separate intact molecular species of phosphatidylcholine (PC), but on-line quantification has remained problematic due to insensitivity of UV-detection for saturated species. Here, a new method is presented, separating all major PC molecular species from a variety of biological samples in intact form using a single, short and isocratic run. Species were separated on two RP18 reverse-phase columns in series and all species displayed an exponential relation between retention time and the percentage of acetonitrile or triethylamine in the mobile phase, allowing optimization of the mobile phase on a theoretical base, rather than on time-consuming test-runs. The use of triethylamine as a volatile additive instead of choline chloride allowed the use of light scattering detection. On a molar base, the response of the detector was invariant between species and allowed quantification of as little as 50 pmoles. The method was tested using phosphatidylcholines with widely different molecular species patterns, such a PC from rat liver, porcine pulmonary surfactant, bovine heart, boar sperm cells, and the parasite Schistosoma mansoni. As only volatile components are present in the solvents, individual molecular species can easily be recovered in pure form from the column effluent, enabling their further analysis (e.g., scintillation counting).

  18. Quantification of ergovaline using HPLC and mass spectrometry in Iranian Neotyphodium infected tall fescue

    PubMed Central

    Najafabadi, A. Sobhani; Mofid, M.R.; Mohammadi, R.; Moghim, S.

    2010-01-01

    Ergovaline, the main ergopeptine alkaloid produced in tall fescue (Fescue arundinacea Schreb.) infected with endophyte (Neotyphodium coenophialum Morgan- Jones & Gams), is known to cause tall fescue toxicosis. This study was conducted to examine the presence of fungal endophytes in five populations of tall fescue collected from various regions of Iran. The existence of Neotyphodium mycelia in the tissues of the samples was confirmed by microscopic examination, and the isolation was performed from leaf tissues of the hosts on potato dextrose agar. All isolates were confirmed as the Neotyphodium species by PCR, using specific primers. Mass detection and determination of ergovaline were performed by HPLC at three plant growth stages. Ergovaline was detected in all isolates, with the mean concentrations of 0.24 to 3.48 μg/g dry matter of different populations for the whole three plant growth stages. The differences in ergovaline content between plant populations and sampling time were statistically significant. This is the first report of ergovaline content in endophyte infected Fescue arundinacea from natural grasslands in Iran. PMID:22049272

  19. Simultaneous determination of abacavir and zidovudine from rat tissues using HPLC with ultraviolet detection.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Summer R; White, Catherine A; Bartlett, Michael G

    2007-05-01

    A simple high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of abacavir and zidovudine (AZT) in rat plasma, amniotic fluid, fetal, and placental tissues. Extraction of abacavir, AZT, and the internal standard, azidouridine (AZDU) in amniotic fluid was carried out by protein precipitation. Extraction from plasma, fetal and placental homogenates was achieved by using a salting out technique. Chromatographic separation was performed using a C8 column (150 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 microm). The mobile phase consisted of 12% acetonitrile in 25 mM sodium phosphate buffer (adjusted to pH 7 with sodium hydroxide) for the fetus, placenta, plasma and amniotic fluid samples at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. The method was validated over the range from 0.05 to 50 microg/mL for both abacavir and AZT in the four biological matrices. The absolute recovery of abacavir ranged from 79 to 94%, while AZT recoveries ranged from 79 to 90% in the different biological matrices. The internal standard recovery ranged from 90 to 92%. Acceptable intra- and inter-day assay precision (<10% R.S.D.) and accuracy (<10% error) were observed over 0.05-50 microg/mL for all four matrices.

  20. Sensitive determination of ranitidine in rabbit plasma by HPLC with fluorescence detection.

    PubMed

    Khedr, Alaa

    2008-02-01

    A sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method for determination of ranitidine (RAN) in rabbit plasma is described. The method is based on liquid-liquid extraction, labeling with dansyl chloride and monitoring with fluorescence detector at 338nm (ex)/523nm (em). Plasma samples were extracted with diethyl ether alkalinized with 1M sodium hydroxide. Ephedrine HCl (EPH-HCl) was used as internal standard. Both, RAN and EPH were completely derivatized after heating at 60 degrees C for 10min in sodium bicarbonate solution (pH 9.5). The derivatized samples were analyzed by HPLC using Agilent Zorbax Extended C18 column (150mmx4.6mm i.d.) and mobile phase consists of 48% acetonitrile and 52% sodium acetate solution (0.02M, pH 4.6). The linearity of the method was in the range of 0.025-10microg/ml. The limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were 7.5+/-0.18 and 22.5+/-0.12ng/ml, respectively. Ranitidine recovery was 97.5+/-1.1% (n=6; R.S.D.=1.8%). The method was applied on plasma collected from rabbits at different time intervals after oral administration of 5mg/kg ranitidine HCl.