Sample records for ii thiosemicarbazone complexes

  1. Synthesis, structural characterization, and pro-apoptotic activity of 1-indanone thiosemicarbazone platinum(II) and palladium(II) complexes: potential as antileukemic agents.

    PubMed

    Gómez, Natalia; Santos, Diego; Vázquez, Ramiro; Suescun, Leopoldo; Mombrú, Alvaro; Vermeulen, Monica; Finkielsztein, Liliana; Shayo, Carina; Moglioni, Albertina; Gambino, Dinorah; Davio, Carlos

    2011-08-01

    In the search for alternative chemotherapeutic strategies against leukemia, various 1-indanone thiosemicarbazones, as well as eight novel platinum(II) and palladium(II) complexes, with the formula [MCl₂(HL)] and [M(HL)(L)]Cl, derived from two 1-indanone thiosemicarbazones were synthesized and tested for antiproliferative activity against the human leukemia U937 cell line. The crystal structure of [Pt(HL1)(L1)]Cl·2MeOH, where L1=1-indanone thiosemicarbazone, was solved by X-ray diffraction. Free thiosemicarbazone ligands showed no antiproliferative effect, but the corresponding platinum(II) and palladium(II) complexes inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis. Platinum(II) complexes also displayed selective apoptotic activity in U937 cells but not in peripheral blood monocytes or the human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cell line used to screen for potential hepatotoxicity. Present findings show that, in U937 cells, 1-indanone thiosemicarbazones coordinated to palladium(II) were more cytotoxic than those complexed with platinum(II), although the latter were found to be more selective for leukemic cells suggesting that they are promising compounds with potential therapeutic application against hematological malignancies. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of Ru(II) complexes of steroidal thiosemicarbazones by multi step reaction: As anti-bacterial agents.

    PubMed

    Khan, Salman A; Asiri, Abdullah M

    2017-08-01

    Ru(II) steroidal metal complexes were synthesized by the reaction of dichlorodicarbonyl ruthenium(II) [Ru(CO) 2 Cl 2 ] n with Steroidal thiosemicarbazones. Coordination via the thionic sulfur and the azomethine nitrogen atom of the thiosemicarbazone to the Ru(II) metal. Steroidal thiosemicarbazone derivatives were obtained by the thiosemicarbazide with steroidal ketones. Structures of the steroidal thiosemicarbazone and their metal complexes were confirmed by the FT-IR, 1 H NMR, 13 C NMR, Fab-Mass spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The antibacterial activity of these compounds were first tested in vitro by the disk diffusion assay against two Gram-positive and two Gram-negative bacteria, and then the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined. The results showed that steroidal Ru(II) complexes are better inhibit growth as compared to steroidal thiosemicarbazones of both types of the bacteria (gram-positive and gram-negative). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Synthesis, spectral, thermal and antimicrobial studies on cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and palladium(II) complexes containing thiosemicarbazone ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Sawaf, Ayman K.; El-Essawy, Farag; Nassar, Amal A.; El-Samanody, El-Sayed A.

    2018-04-01

    The coordination characteristic of new N4-morpholinyl isatin-3-thiosemicarbazone (HL) towards Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Pd(II) has been studies. The structures of the complexes were described by elemental analyses, molar conductivity, magnetic, thermal and spectral (IR, UV-Vis, 1H and 13C NMR and ESR) studies. On the basis of analytical and spectral studies the ligand behaves as monobasic tridentate ONS donor forming two five membered rings towards cobalt, copper and palladium and afforded complexes of the kind [M(L)X], (Mdbnd Co, Cu or Pd; Xdbnd Cl, Br or OAc). Whereas the ligand bound to NiCl2 as neutral tridentate ONS donor and with ZnCl2 as neutral bidentate NS donor. The newly synthesized thiosemicarbazone ligand and some of its complexes were examined for antimicrobial activity against 2 gram negative bacterial strains (Escherichia coli Pseudomonas and aeruginosa), 2 gram positive bacterial strains (Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus)} and two Pathogenic fungi (Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans). All metal complexes possess higher antimicrobial activity comparing with the free thiosemicarbazone ligand. The high potent activities of the complexes may arise from the coordination and chelation, which tends to make metal complexes act as more controlling and potent antimicrobial agents, thus hindering the growing of the microorganisms. The antimicrobial results also show that copper bromide complex is better antimicrobial agent as compared to the Schiff base and its metal complexes.

  4. Spectroscopic evaluation of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes derived from thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Kumar, Anil

    2007-12-01

    Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes were synthesized with thiosemicarbazone (L 1) and semicarbazone (L 2) derived from 2-acetyl furan. These complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moment, mass, IR, electronic and EPR spectral studies. The molar conductance measurement of the complexes in DMSO corresponds to non-electrolytic nature. All the complexes are of high-spin type. On the basis of different spectral studies six coordinated geometry may be assigned for all the complexes except Co(L) 2(SO 4) and Cu(L) 2(SO 4) [where L = L 1 and L 2] which are of five coordinated square pyramidal geometry.

  5. Copper(II) Thiosemicarbazone Complexes and Their Proligands upon UVA Irradiation: An EPR and Spectrophotometric Steady-State Study.

    PubMed

    Hricovíni, Michal; Mazúr, Milan; Sîrbu, Angela; Palamarciuc, Oleg; Arion, Vladimir B; Brezová, Vlasta

    2018-03-21

    X- and Q-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used to characterize polycrystalline Cu(II) complexes that contained sodium 5-sulfonate salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazones possessing a hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, or phenyl substituent at the terminal nitrogen. The ability of thiosemicarbazone proligands to generate superoxide radical anions and hydroxyl radicals upon their exposure to UVA irradiation in aerated aqueous solutions was evidenced by the EPR spin trapping technique. The UVA irradiation of proligands in neutral or alkaline solutions and dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) caused a significant decrease in the absorption bands of aldimine and phenolic chromophores. Mixing of proligand solutions with the equimolar amount of copper(II) ions resulted in the formation of 1:1 Cu(II)-to-ligand complex, with the EPR and UV-Vis spectra fully compatible with those obtained for the dissolved Cu(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes. The formation of the complexes fully inhibited the photoinduced generation of reactive oxygen species, and only subtle changes were found in the electronic absorption spectra of the complexes in aqueous and DMSO solutions upon UVA steady-state irradiation. The dark redox activity of copper(II) complexes and proligand/Cu(II) aqueous solutions towards hydrogen peroxide which resulted in the generation of hydroxyl radicals, was confirmed by spin trapping experiments.

  6. Synthesis and Characterization of New Palladium(II) Thiosemicarbazone Complexes and Their Cytotoxic Activity against Various Human Tumor Cell Lines

    PubMed Central

    Hernández, Wilfredo; Paz, Juan; Carrasco, Fernando; Spodine, Evgenia; Manzur, Jorge; Sieler, Joachim; Blaurock, Steffen; Beyer, Lothar

    2013-01-01

    The palladium(II) bis-chelate complexes of the type [Pd(TSC1-5)2] (6–10), with their corresponding ligands 4-phenyl-1-(acetone)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC1 (1), 4-phenyl-1-(2′-chloro-benzaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC2 (2), 4-phenyl-1-(3′-hydroxy-benzaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC3 (3), 4-phenyl-1-(2′-naphthaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC4 (4), and 4-phenyl-1-(1′-nitro-2′-naphthaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC5 (5), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic techniques (IR and 1H- and 13C-NMR). The molecular structure of HTSC3, HTSC4, and [Pd(TSC1)2] (6) have been determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Complex 6 shows a square planar geometry with two deprotonated ligands coordinated to PdII through the azomethine nitrogen and thione sulfur atoms in a cis arrangement. The in vitro cytotoxic activity measurements indicate that the palladium(II) complexes (IC50 = 0.01–9.87 μM) exhibited higher antiproliferative activity than their free ligands (IC50 = 23.48–70.86 and >250 μM) against different types of human tumor cell lines. Among all the studied palladium(II) complexes, the [Pd(TSC3)2] (8) complex exhibited high antitumor activity on the DU145 prostate carcinoma and K562 chronic myelogenous leukemia cells, with low values of the inhibitory concentration (0.01 and 0.02 μM, resp.). PMID:24391528

  7. Platinum(II) and palladium(II) complexes with 2-acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazone: cytogenetic and antineoplastic effects.

    PubMed

    Lakovidou, Z; Papageorgiou, A; Demertzis, M A; Mioglou, E; Mourelatos, D; Kotsis, A; Yadav, P N; Kovala-Demertzi, D

    2001-01-01

    The effect of three novel complexes of Pt(II) and three complexes of Pd(II) with 2-acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazone (HAcTsc) on sister chromatid exchange (SCE) rates and human lymphocyte proliferation kinetics on a molar basis was studied. Also, the effect of Pt(II) and Pd(II) complexes against leukemia P388 was investigated. Among these compounds, the most effective in inducing antitumor and cytogenetic effects were the complexes [Pt(AcTsc)2] x H2O and [Pd(AcTsc)2] while the rest, i.e. (HAcTsc), [Pt(AcTsc)Cl], [Pt(HAcTsc)2]Cl2 x 2H2O, [Pd(AcTsc)Cl] and [Pd(HAcTsc)2]Cl2, displayed marginal cytogenetic and antitumor effects.

  8. Halo-substituted thiosemicarbazones and their copper(II), nickel(II) complexes: Detailed spectroscopic characterization and study of antitumour activity against HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jagadeesh, M.; Kalangi, Suresh K.; Sivarama Krishna, L.; Reddy, A. Varada

    2014-01-01

    Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of two different halogen substituted thiosemicarbazone ligands were synthesized. The ligands 3,4-difluoroacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (1) and 2-bromo-4'-chloroacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (2) were characterized and confirmed spectroscopically by FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV-vis and fluorescence spectral analysis, while the respective copper(II) complexes [Cu(C9H9N3F2S)2Cl2] (1a), [Cu(C9H9N3ClBrS)2Cl2] (2a) and nickel(II) complexes [Ni(C9H9N3F2S)2] (1b), [Ni(C9H9N3ClBrS)2] (2b) were characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis and electron paramagnetic spectroscopy (EPR). The EPR spectra of the Cu(II) complexes provided the rhombic octahedral and axial symmetry of the complexes 1a and 2a respectively. For the complex 1a, the g values calculated as g1 = 2.1228, g2 = 2.0706 and g3 = 2.001 between 2900 and 3300 G. While for the complex 2a, a set of two resonance absorptions were observed. The synthesized compounds were tested for antitumor activity and showed that the ability to kill liver cancer cells significantly. Out of all the synthesized compounds, copper(II) complexes 1a and 2a showed high cytotoxic effect on liver cancer cells with 67.51% and 42.77% of cytotoxicity respectively at 100 μM.

  9. Synthesis and spectral characterization of mono- and binuclear copper(II) complexes derived from 2-benzoylpyridine-N4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone: Crystal structure of a novel sulfur bridged copper(II) box-dimer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayakumar, K.; Sithambaresan, M.; Aiswarya, N.; Kurup, M. R. Prathapachandra

    2015-03-01

    Mononuclear and binuclear copper(II) complexes of 2-benzoylpyridine-N4-methyl thiosemicarbazone (HL) were prepared and characterized by a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Structural evidence for the novel sulfur bridged copper(II) iodo binuclear complex is obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The complex [Cu2L2I2], a non-centrosymmetric box dimer, crystallizes in monoclinic C2/c space group and it was found to have distorted square pyramidal geometry (Addison parameter, τ = 0.238) with the square basal plane occupied by the thiosemicarbazone moiety and iodine atom whereas the sulfur atom from the other coordinated thiosemicarbazone moiety occupies the apical position. This is the first crystallographically studied system having non-centrosymmetrical entities bridged via thiolate S atoms with Cu(II)sbnd I bond. The tridentate thiosemicarbazone coordinates in mono deprotonated thionic tautomeric form in all complexes except in sulfato complex, [Cu(HL)(SO4)]·H2O (1) where it binds to the metal centre in neutral form. The magnetic moment values and the EPR spectral studies reflect the binuclearity of some of the complexes. The spin Hamiltonian and bonding parameters are calculated based on EPR studies. In all the complexes g|| > g⊥ > 2.0023 and the g values in frozen DMF are consistent with the dx2-y2 ground state. The thermal stabilities of some of the complexes were also determined.

  10. Synthesis and spectral characterization of mono- and binuclear copper(II) complexes derived from 2-benzoylpyridine-N⁴-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone: crystal structure of a novel sulfur bridged copper(II) box-dimer.

    PubMed

    Jayakumar, K; Sithambaresan, M; Aiswarya, N; Kurup, M R Prathapachandra

    2015-03-15

    Mononuclear and binuclear copper(II) complexes of 2-benzoylpyridine-N(4)-methyl thiosemicarbazone (HL) were prepared and characterized by a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Structural evidence for the novel sulfur bridged copper(II) iodo binuclear complex is obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The complex [Cu2L2I2], a non-centrosymmetric box dimer, crystallizes in monoclinic C2/c space group and it was found to have distorted square pyramidal geometry (Addison parameter, τ=0.238) with the square basal plane occupied by the thiosemicarbazone moiety and iodine atom whereas the sulfur atom from the other coordinated thiosemicarbazone moiety occupies the apical position. This is the first crystallographically studied system having non-centrosymmetrical entities bridged via thiolate S atoms with Cu(II)I bond. The tridentate thiosemicarbazone coordinates in mono deprotonated thionic tautomeric form in all complexes except in sulfato complex, [Cu(HL)(SO4)]·H2O (1) where it binds to the metal centre in neutral form. The magnetic moment values and the EPR spectral studies reflect the binuclearity of some of the complexes. The spin Hamiltonian and bonding parameters are calculated based on EPR studies. In all the complexes g||>g⊥>2.0023 and the g values in frozen DMF are consistent with the d(x2-y2) ground state. The thermal stabilities of some of the complexes were also determined. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Crystal structures of copper(II) chloride, copper(II) bromide, and copper(II) nitrate complexes with pyridine-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chumakov, Yu. M.; Tsapkov, V. I.; Jeanneau, E.; Bairac, N. N.; Bocelli, G.; Poirier, D.; Roy, J.; Gulea, A. P.

    2008-09-01

    The crystal structures of chloro-(2-formylpyridinethiosemicarbazono)copper dimethyl sulfoxide solvate ( I), bromo-(2-formylpyridinethiosemicarbazono)copper ( II), and (2-formylpyridinethiosemicarbazono)copper(II) nitrate dimethyl sulfoxide solvate ( III) are determined using X-ray diffraction. In the crystals, complexes I and II form centrosymmetric dimers in which the thiosemicarbazone sulfur atom serves as a bridge and occupies the fifth coordination site of the copper atom of the neighboring complex related to the initial complex through the center of symmetry. In both cases, the coordination polyhedron of the complexing ion is a distorted tetragonal bipyramid. Complex III in the crystal structure forms polymer chains in which the copper atom of one complex forms the coordination bond with the thicarbamide nitrogen atom of the neighboring complex. In this structure, the coordination polyhedron of the central atom is an elongated tetragonal bipyramid. It is established that complexes I III at a concentration of 10-5 mol/l selectively inhibit the growth of 60 to 90 percent of the cancer tumor cells of the human myeloid leukemia (HL-60).

  12. Spectroscopic characterization, antioxidant and antitumour studies of novel bromo substituted thiosemicarbazone and its copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jagadeesh, M.; Lavanya, M.; Kalangi, Suresh K.; Sarala, Y.; Ramachandraiah, C.; Varada Reddy, A.

    2015-01-01

    A new, slightly distorted octahedral complex of copper(II), square planar complexes of nickel(II) and palladium(II) with 2,4‧-dibromoacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (DBAPTSC) are synthesized. The ligand and the complexes are characterized by FT-IR, FT-Raman, powder X-ray diffraction studies. The IR and Raman data are correlated for the presence of the functional groups which specifically helped in the confirmation of the compounds. In addition, the free ligand is unambiguously characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy while the copper(II) complex is characterized by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR). The g values for the same are found to be 2.246 (g1), 2.012 (g2) and 2.005 (g3) which suggested rhombic distortions. The HOMO-LUMO band gap calculations for these compounds are found to be in between 0.5 and 4.0 eV and these compounds are identified as semiconducting materials. The synthesized ligand and its copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes are subjected to antitumour activity against the HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cell lines. Among all the compounds, nickel(II) complex is found to exert better antitumour activity with 57.6% of cytotoxicity.

  13. Synthesis and spectral studies of platinum metal complexes of benzoin thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Offiong, Offiong E.

    1994-11-01

    The platinum metal chelates of benzoin thiosemicarbazone obtained with Ru(III), Rh(III), Ir(III), Pd(II) and Pt(II) were prepared from their corresponding halide salts. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, conductance measurement, IR, Raman, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and UV-visible spectra studies. Various ligand field parameters and nephelauxetic parameters were also calculated. The mode of bonding and the geometry of the ligand environment around the metal ion have been discussed in the light of the available data obtained. Complexes of Ru(III), Rh(III) and Ir(III) are six-coordinate octahedral, while Pd(II) and Pt(II) halide complexes are four-coordinated with halides bridging.

  14. Nickel(II) Complex of Polyhydroxybenzaldehyde N4-Thiosemicarbazone Exhibits Anti-Inflammatory Activity by Inhibiting NF-κB Transactivation

    PubMed Central

    Loh, Sheng Wei; Looi, Chung Yeng; Hassandarvish, Pouya; Phan, Alicia Yi Ling; Wong, Won Fen; Wang, Hao; Paterson, Ian C.; Ea, Chee Kwee; Mustafa, Mohd Rais; Maah, Mohd Jamil

    2014-01-01

    Background The biological properties of thiosemicarbazone have been widely reported. The incorporation of some transition metals such as Fe, Ni and Cu to thiosemicarbazone complexes is known to enhance its biological effects. In this study, we incorporated nickel(II) ions into thiosemicarbazone with N4-substitution groups H3L (H; H3L1, CH3; H3L2, C6H5; H3L3 and C2H5; H3L4) and examined its potential anti-inflammatory activity. Methodology/Principal Findings Four ligands (1–4) and their respective nickel-containing complexes (5–8) were synthesized and characterized. The compounds synthesized were tested for their effects on NF-κB nuclear translocation, pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion and NF-κB transactivation activity. The active compound was further evaluated on its ability to suppress carrageenan-induced acute inflammation in vivo. A potential binding target of the active compound was also predicted by molecular docking analysis. Conclusions/Significance Among all synthesized compounds tested, we found that complex [Ni(H2L1)(PPh3)]Cl (5) (complex 5), potently inhibited IκBα degradation and NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells as well as TNFα-stimulated HeLa S3 cells. In addition, complex 5 significantly down-regulated LPS- or TNFα-induced transcription of NF-κB target genes, including genes that encode the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNFα, IFNβ and IL6. Luciferase reporter assays confirmed that complex 5 inhibited the transactivation activity of NF-κB. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory effect of complex 5 was also supported by its suppressive effect on carrageenan-induced paw edema formation in wild type C57BL/6 mice. Interestingly, molecular docking study showed that complex 5 potentially interact with the active site of IKKβ. Taken together, we suggest complex 5 as a novel NF-κB inhibitor with potent anti-inflammatory effects. PMID:24977407

  15. Synthesis, Characterization, Electrochemical Studies, and In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Novel Thiosemicarbazone and Its Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Salman A.; Asiri, Abdullah M.; Al-Amry, Khalid; Malik, Maqsood Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    Metal complexes were prepared by the reaction of thiosemicarbazone with CuCl2, NiCl2, CoCl2, Cu(OAc)2, Ni(OAc)2, and Co(OAc)2. The thiosemicarbazone coordinates to metal through the thionic sulfur and the azomethine nitrogen. The thiosemicarbazone was obtained by the thiosemicarbazide with 3-acetyl-2,5-dimethylthiophene. The identities of these compounds were elucidated by IR, 1H, 13C-NMR, and GC-MS spectroscopic methods and elemental analyses. The antibacterial activity of these compounds was first tested in vitro by the disc diffusion assay against two Gram-positive and two Gram-negative bacteria, and then the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by using chloramphenicol as reference drug. The results showed that compound 1.1 is better inhibitor of both types of tested bacteria as compared to chloramphenicol. PMID:24523641

  16. Binuclear ruthenium(III) bis(thiosemicarbazone) complexes: Synthesis, spectral, electrochemical studies and catalytic oxidation of alcohol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamed Subarkhan, M.; Ramesh, R.

    2015-03-01

    A new series of binuclear ruthenium(III) thiosemicarbazone complexes of general formula [(EPh3)2(X)2Ru-L-Ru(X)2(EPh3)2] (where E = P or As; X = Cl or Br; L = NS chelating bis(thiosemicarbazone ligands) has been synthesized and characterized by analytical and spectral (FT-IR, UV-Vis and EPR). IR spectra show that the thiosemicarbazones behave as monoanionic bidentate ligands coordinating through the azomethine nitrogen and thiolate sulphur. The electronic spectra of the complexes indicate that the presence of d-d and intense LMCT transitions in the visible region. The complexes are paramagnetic (low spin d5) in nature and all the complexes show rhombic distortion around the ruthenium ion with three different 'g' values (gx ≠ gy ≠ gz) at 77 K. All the complexes are redox active and exhibit an irreversible metal centered redox processes (RuIII-RuIII/RuIV-RuIV; RuIII-RuIII/RuII-RuII) within the potential range of 0.38-0.86 V and -0.39 to -0.66 V respectively, versus Ag/AgCl. Further, the catalytic efficiency of one of the complexes [Ru2Cl2(AsPh3)4(L1)] (4) has been investigated in the case of oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols into their corresponding aldehydes and ketones in the presence of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide(NMO) as co-oxidant. The formation of high valent RuVdbnd O species is proposed as catalytic intermediate for the catalytic cycle.

  17. Interaction of Triapine and related thiosemicarbazones with iron(III)/(II) and gallium(III): a comparative solution equilibrium study†

    PubMed Central

    Enyedy, Éva A.; Primik, Michael F.; Kowol, Christian R.; Arion, Vladimir B.; Kiss, Tamás; Keppler, Bernhard K.

    2012-01-01

    Stoichiometry and stability of GaIII, FeIII, FeII complexes of Triapine and five related α-N heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones with potential antitumor activity have been determined by pH-potentiometry, UV-vis spectrophotometry, 1H NMR spectroscopy, and spectrofluorimetry in aqueous solution (with 30% DMSO), together with the characterization of the proton dissociation processes. Additionally, the redox properties of the iron complexes were studied by cyclic voltammetry at various pH values. Formation of high stability bis-ligand complexes was found in all cases, which are predominant at physiological pH with FeIII/FeII, whilst only at the acidic pH range with GaIII. The results show that among the thiosemicarbazones with various substituents the N-terminal dimethylation does not exert a measurable effect on the redox potential, but has the highest impact on the stability of the complexes as well as the cytotoxicity, especially in the absence of a pyridine-NH2 group in the molecule. In addition the fluorescence properties of the ligands in aqueous solution and their changes caused by GaIII were studied. PMID:21523301

  18. p-halo N4-phenyl substituted thiosemicarbazones: Crystal structure, supramolecular architecture, characterization and bio-assay of their Co(III) and Ni(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kotian, Avinash; Kumara, Karthik; Kamat, Vinayak; Naik, Krishna; Kokare, Dhoolesh G.; Nevrekar, Anupama; Lokanath, Neratur Krishnappagowda; Revankar, Vidyanand K.

    2018-03-01

    In the present work, three potential metal ion chelating ligands, p-halo N4-phenyl substituted thiosemicarbazones are synthesized and characterized. The molecular structure of all (E)-4-(4-halophenyl)-1-(3-hydroxyiminobutan-2-ylidene) thiosemicarbazones (halo = F/Cl/Br) are determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. All the molecules have crystallized in monoclinic crystal system with P21/n space group. The ligands show Csbnd H⋯S and Nsbnd H⋯S intermolecular interactions, which are responsible to form the supramolecular self-assemblies through R22(8), R22(12) and R22(14) ring motifs. Hirshfeld surface analysis is carried out to explore the intermolecular interactions. A series of Co(III) and Ni(II) mononuclear transition metal complexes derived from these ligands have been synthesized and characterized by various spectro-analytical methods. The metal to ligand stoichiometry has been found to be 1:2 in all the complexes. The synthesized compounds have been investigated for their in vitro antimicrobial potencies. The compounds are found to be more active than the standard used, in the case of E. coli and A. niger. Additionally, they are also screened for their in vitro antitubercular activity.

  19. Synthesis, characterization, and anticancer activity of a series of ketone-N(4)-substituted thiosemicarbazones and their ruthenium(II) arene complexes.

    PubMed

    Su, Wei; Qian, Quanquan; Li, Peiyuan; Lei, Xiaolin; Xiao, Qi; Huang, Shan; Huang, Chusheng; Cui, Jianguo

    2013-11-04

    A series of ketone-N(4)-substituted thiosemicarbazone (TSC) compounds (L1-L9) and their corresponding [(η(6)-p-cymene)Ru(II)(TSC)Cl](+/0) complexes (1-9) were synthesized and characterized by NMR, IR, elemental analysis, and HR-ESI-mass spectrometry. The molecular structures of L4, L9, 1-6, and 9 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The compounds were further evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative activities against the SGC-7901 human gastric cancer, BEL-7404 human liver cancer, and HEK-293T noncancerous cell lines. Furthermore, the interactions of the compounds with DNA were followed by electrophoretic mobility spectrometry studies.

  20. Ribonucleotide reductase inhibition by metal complexes of Triapine (3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone): A combined experimental and theoretical study

    PubMed Central

    Popović-Bijelić, Ana; Kowol, Christian R.; Lind, Maria E.S.; Luo, Jinghui; Himo, Fahmi; Enyedy, Éva A.; Arion, Vladimir B.; Gräslund, Astrid

    2012-01-01

    Triapine (3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, 3-AP) is currently the most promising chemotherapeutic compound among the class of α-N-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones. Here we report further insights into the mechanism(s) of anticancer drug activity and inhibition of mouse ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) by Triapine. In addition to the metal-free ligand, its iron(III), gallium(III), zinc(II) and copper (II) complexes were studied, aiming to correlate their cytotoxic activities with their effects on the diferric/tyrosyl radical center of the RNR enzyme in vitro. In this study we propose for the first time a potential specific binding pocket for Triapine on the surface of the mouse R2 RNR protein. In our mechanistic model, interaction with Triapine results in the labilization of the diferric center in the R2 protein. Subsequently the Triapine molecules act as iron chelators. In the absence of external reductants, and in presence of the mouse R2 RNR protein, catalytic amounts of the iron(III)–Triapine are reduced to the iron(II)–Triapine complex. In the presence of an external reductant (dithiothreitol), stoichiometric amounts of the potently reactive iron (II)–Triapine complex are formed. Formation of the iron(II)–Triapine complex, as the essential part of the reaction outcome, promotes further reactions with molecular oxygen, which give rise to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and thereby damage the RNR enzyme. Triapine affects the diferric center of the mouse R2 protein and, unlike hydroxyurea, is not a potent reductant, not likely to act directly on the tyrosyl radical. PMID:21955844

  1. Versatile chelating behavior of benzil bis(thiosemicarbazone) in zinc, cadmium, and nickel complexes.

    PubMed

    López-Torres, Elena; Mendiola, Ma Antonia; Pastor, César J; Pérez, Beatriz Souto

    2004-08-23

    Reactions of benzil bis(thiosemicarbazone), LH(6), with M(NO(3))(2).nH(2)O (M = Zn, Cd, and Ni), in the presence of LiOH.H(2)O, show the versatile behavior of this molecule. The structure of the ligand, with the thiosemicarbazone moieties on opposite sides of the carbon backbone, changes to form complexes by acting as a chelating molecule. Complexes of these metal ions with empirical formula [MLH(4)] were obtained, although they show different molecular structures depending on their coordinating preferences. The zinc complex is the first example of a crystalline coordination polymer in which a bis(thiosemicarbazone) acts as bridging ligand, through a nitrogen atom, giving a 1D polymeric structure. The coordination sphere is formed by the imine nitrogen and sulfur atoms, and the remaining position, in a square-based pyramid, is occupied by an amine group of another ligand. The cadmium derivative shows the same geometry around the metal ion but consists of a dinuclear structure with sulfur atoms acting as a bridge between the metal ions. However, in the nickel complex LH(6) acts as a N(2)S(2) ligand yielding a planar structure for the nickel atom. The ligand and its complexes have been characterized by X-ray crystallography, microanalysis, mass spectrometry, IR, (1)H, and (13)C NMR spectroscopies and for the cadmium complex by (113)Cd NMR in solution and in the solid state.

  2. Preparation and Biodistribution Studies of a Radiogallium-Acetylacetonate Bis (Thiosemicarbazone) Complex in Tumor-Bearing Rodents

    PubMed Central

    Jalilian, Amir Reza; Yousefnia, Hassan; Shafaii, Kamaleddin; Novinrouz, Aytak; Rajamand, Amir Abbas

    2012-01-01

    Various radiometal complexes have been developed for tumor imaging, especially Ga-68 tracer. In the present study, the development of a radiogallium bis-thiosemicarbazone complex has been reported. [67Ga] acetylacetonate bis(thiosemicarbazone) complex ([67Ga] AATS) was prepared starting [67Ga]Gallium acetate and freshly prepared acetylacetonate bis (thiosemicarbazone) (AATS) in 30 min at 90°C. The partition co-efficient and the stability of the tracer were determined in final solution (25°C) and the presence of human serum (37°C) up to 24 h. The biodistribution of the labeled compound in wild-type and fibrosarcoma-bearing rodents were determined up to 72 h. The radiolabled Ga complex was prepared in high radiochemical purity (> 97%, HPLC) followed by initial biodistribution data with the significant tumor accumulation of the tracer in 2 h which is far higher than free Ga-67 cation while the compound wash-out is significantly faster. Above-mentioned pharmacokinetic properties suggest an interesting radiogallium complex while prepared by the PET Ga radioisotope, 68Ga, in accordance with the physical half life, for use in fibrosarcoma tumors, and possibly other malignancies. PMID:24250475

  3. Mononuclear ruthenium(III) complexes containing chelating thiosemicarbazones: Synthesis, characterization and catalytic property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raja, N.; Ramesh, R.

    2010-02-01

    Mononuclear ruthenium(III) complexes of the type [RuX(EPh 3) 2(L)] (E = P or As; X = Cl or Br; L = dibasic terdentate dehydroacetic acid thiosemicarbazones) have been synthesized from the reaction of thiosemicarbazone ligands with ruthenium(III) precursors, [RuX 3(EPh 3) 3] (where E = P, X = Cl; E = As, X = Cl or Br) and [RuBr 3(PPh 3) 2(CH 3OH)] in benzene. The compositions of the complexes have been established by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurement, FT-IR, UV-vis and EPR spectral data. These complexes are paramagnetic and show intense d-d and charge transfer transitions in dichloromethane. The complexes show rhombic EPR spectra at LNT which are typical of low-spin distorted octahedral ruthenium(III) species. All the complexes are redox active and display an irreversible metal centered redox processes. Complex [RuCl(PPh 3) 2(DHA-PTSC)] ( 5) was used as catalyst for transfer hydrogenation of ketones in the presence of isopropanol/KOH and was found to be the active species.

  4. New heteroleptic Zn(II) complexes of thiosemicarbazone and diimine Co-Ligands: Structural analysis and their biological impacts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mathan Kumar, Shanmugaiah; Kesavan, Mookkandi Palsamy; Vinoth Kumar, Gujuluva Gangatharan; Sankarganesh, Murugesan; Chakkaravarthi, Ganesan; Rajagopal, Gurusamy; Rajesh, Jegathalaprathaban

    2018-02-01

    A thiosemicarbazone ligand HL appended new Zn(II) complexes [Zn(L)(bpy)] (1) and [Zn(L)(phen)] (2) (where, HL = {2-(3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide}, bpy = 2, 2‧-bipyridine and phen = 1, 10-phenanthroline) have been synthesized and well characterized using conventional spectroscopic techniques viz.,1H NMR, FTIR and UV-Vis spectra. The crystal structures of complexes 1 and 2 have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Both the complex 1 (τ = 0.5) and 2 (τ = 0.37) possesses square based pyramidally distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry. The ground state electronic structures of complexes 1 and 2 were investigated by DFT/B3LYP theoretical analysis using 6-311G (d,p) and LANL2DZ basis set level. The superior DNA binding ability of complex 2 has been evaluated using absorption and fluorescence spectral titration studies. Antimicrobial evaluation reveals that complex 2 endowed better screening than HL and complex 1 against both bacterial as well as fungal species. Consequently, complex 2 possesses highest antibacterial screening against Staphylococcus aureus (MIC = 3.0 ± 0.23 mM) and antifungal screening against Candida albicans (MIC = 6.0 ± 0.11 mM). Furthermore, the anticancer activity of the ligand HL, complexes 1 and 2 have been examined against the MCF-7 cell line (Human breast cancer cell line) using MTT assay. It is remarkable that complex 2 (12 ± 0.67 μM) show highest anticancer activity than HL (25.0 ± 0.91 μM) and complex 1 (15 ± 0.88 μM) due to the presence of phen ligand moiety.

  5. Synthesis, characterization and binding affinities of rhenium(I) thiosemicarbazone complexes for the estrogen receptor (α/β).

    PubMed

    Núñez-Montenegro, Ara; Carballo, Rosa; Vázquez-López, Ezequiel M

    2014-11-01

    The binding affinities towards estrogen receptors (ERs) α and β of a set of thiosemicarbazone ligands (HL(n)) and their rhenium(I) carbonyl complexes [ReX(HL(n))(CO)3] (X=Cl, Br) were determined by a competitive standard radiometric assay with [(3)H]-estradiol. The ability of the coordinated thiosemicarbazone ligands to undergo deprotonation and the lability of the ReX bond were used as a synthetic strategy to obtain [Re(hpy)(L(n))(CO)3] (hpy=3- or 4-hydroxypyridine). The inclusion of the additional hpy ligand endows the new thiosemicarbazonate complexes with an improved affinity towards the estrogen receptors and, consequently, the values of the inhibition constant (Ki) could be determined for some of them. In general, the values of Ki for both ER subtypes suggest an appreciable selectivity towards ERα. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. DNA binding, antioxidant, cytotoxicity (MTT, lactate dehydrogenase, NO), and cellular uptake studies of structurally different nickel(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes: synthesis, spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and X-ray crystallography.

    PubMed

    Prabhakaran, R; Kalaivani, P; Huang, R; Poornima, P; Vijaya Padma, V; Dallemer, F; Natarajan, K

    2013-02-01

    Three new nickel(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes have been synthesized and characterized by analytical, spectral, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. In complex 1, the ligand 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehydethiosemicarbazone coordinated as a monobasic tridentate donor, whereas in complexes 2 and 3, the ligands salicylaldehyde-4(N)-ethylthiosemicarbazone and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde-4(N)-ethylthiosemicarbazone coordinated as a dibasic tridentate donor. The DNA binding ability of the complexes in calf thymus DNA was explored by absorption and emission titration experiments. The antioxidant property of the new complexes was evaluated to test their free-radical scavenging ability. In vitro cytotoxicity assays were performed for the new complexes in A549 and HepG2 cell lines. The new compounds overcome cisplatin resistance in the A549 cell line and they were also active in the HepG2 cell line. The cellular uptake study showed the accumulation of the complexes in tumor cells depended on the nature of the ligand attached to the nickel ion.

  7. Kinetic studies on the oxidation of oxyhemoglobin by biologically active iron thiosemicarbazone complexes: relevance to iron-chelator-induced methemoglobinemia.

    PubMed

    Basha, Maram T; Rodríguez, Carlos; Richardson, Des R; Martínez, Manuel; Bernhardt, Paul V

    2014-03-01

    The oxidation of oxyhemoglobin to methemoglobin has been found to be facilitated by low molecular weight iron(III) thiosemicarbazone complexes. This deleterious reaction, which produces hemoglobin protein units unable to bind dioxygen and occurs during the administration of iron chelators such as the well-known 3-aminopyridine-2-pyridinecarbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (3-AP; Triapine), has been observed in the reaction with Fe(III) complexes of some members of the 3-AP structurally-related thiosemicarbazone ligands derived from di-2-pyridyl ketone (HDpxxT series). We have studied the kinetics of this oxidation reaction in vitro using human hemoglobin and found that the reaction proceeds with two distinct time-resolved steps. These have been associated with sequential oxidation of the two different oxyheme cofactors in the α and β protein chains. Unexpected steric and hydrogen-bonding effects on the Fe(III) complexes appear to be the responsible for the observed differences in the reaction rate across the series of HDpxxT ligand complexes used in this study.

  8. Vanadium(IV/V) complexes of Triapine and related thiosemicarbazones: Synthesis, solution equilibrium and bioactivity.

    PubMed

    Kowol, Christian R; Nagy, Nóra V; Jakusch, Tamás; Roller, Alexander; Heffeter, Petra; Keppler, Bernhard K; Enyedy, Éva A

    2015-11-01

    The stoichiometry and thermodynamic stability of vanadium(IV/V) complexes of Triapine and two related α(N)-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) with potential antitumor activity have been determined by pH-potentiometry, EPR and (51)V NMR spectroscopy in 30% (w/w) dimethyl sulfoxide/water solvent mixtures. In all cases, mono-ligand complexes in different protonation states were identified. Dimethylation of the terminal amino group resulted in the formation of vanadium(IV/V) complexes with considerably higher stability. Three of the most stable complexes were also synthesized in solid state and comprehensively characterized. The biological evaluation of the synthesized vanadium complexes in comparison to the metal-free ligands in different human cancer cell lines revealed only minimal influence of the metal ion. Thus, in addition the coordination ability of salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (STSC) to vanadium(IV/V) ions was investigated. The exchange of the pyridine nitrogen of the α(N)-heterocyclic TSCs to a phenolate oxygen in STSC significantly increased the stability of the complexes in solution. Finally, this also resulted in increased cytotoxicity activity of a vanadium(V) complex of STSC compared to the metal-free ligand. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Synthesis and Cytotoxic Evaluation of Steroidal Copper (Cu (II)) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Yanmin; Kong, Erbin; Zhan, Junyan; Chen, Shuang; Gan, Chunfang; Liu, Zhiping; Pang, Liping

    2017-01-01

    Using estrone and pregnenolone as starting materials, some steroidal copper complexes were synthesized by the condensation of steroidal ketones with thiosemicarbazide or diazanyl pyridine and then complexation of steroidal thiosemicarbazones or steroidal diazanyl pyridines with Cu (II). The complexes were characterized by IR, NMR, and HRMS. The synthesized compounds were screened for their cytotoxicity against HeLa, Bel-7404, and 293T cell lines in vitro. The results show that all steroidal copper (II) complexes display obvious antiproliferative activity against the tested cancer cells. The IC50 values of complexes 5 and 12 against Bel-7404 (human liver carcinoma) are 5.0 and 7.0 μM. PMID:29180937

  10. Gold(III) complexes with ONS-Tridentate thiosemicarbazones: Toward selective trypanocidal drugs.

    PubMed

    Rettondin, Andressa R; Carneiro, Zumira A; Gonçalves, Ana C R; Ferreira, Vanessa F; Oliveira, Carolina G; Lima, Angélica N; Oliveira, Ronaldo J; de Albuquerque, Sérgio; Deflon, Victor M; Maia, Pedro I S

    2016-09-14

    Tridentate thiosemicarbazone ligands with an ONS donor set, H2L(R) (R = Me and Et) were prepared by reactions of 1-phenyl-1,3-butanedione with 4-R-3-thiosemicarbazides. H2L(R) reacts with Na[AuCl4]·2H2O in MeOH in a 1:1 M ratio under formation of green gold(III) complexes of composition [AuCl(L(R))]. These compounds represent the first examples of gold(III) complexes with ONS chelate-bonded thiosemicarbazones. The in vitro anti-Trypanosoma cruzi activity against both trypomastigote and amastigote forms (IC50try/ama) of CL Brener strains as well as the cytotoxicity against LLC-MK2 cells of the free ligands and complexes was evaluated. The complex [AuCl(L(Me))] was found to be more active and more selective than its precursor ligand and the standard drug benznidazole with a SItry/ama value higher than 200, being considered as a lead candidate for Chagas disease treatment. Moreover the in vitro activity against the replicative amastigote form (IC50ama) of T. cruzi was additionally investigated revealing that [AuCl(L(Me))] was also more potent than benznidazole still with a similar selectivity index. Finally, docking studies showed that free ligands and complexes interact with the same residues of the parasite protease cruzain but with different intensities, suggesting that this protease could be a possible target for the trypanocidal action of the obtained compounds. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  11. Neutral Ni(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II) ONS-pincer complexes of 5-acetylbarbituric-4N-dimethylthiosemicarbazone: synthesis, characterization and properties.

    PubMed

    Castiñeiras, Alfonso; Fernández-Hermida, Nuria; García-Santos, Isabel; Gómez-Rodríguez, Lourdes

    2012-11-21

    Octahedral 1:1 Ni(II) and square-planar 1:1 Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes of formulae [Ni(HAcb4DM)(AcO)(H2O)2]·H2O (1), [Pd(HAcb4DM)Cl]·5H2O (2) and [Pt(HAcb4DM)Cl]·3H2O (3), where H2Acb4DM = 5-acetylbarbituric-4N-dimethylthiosemicarbazone (H2 denoting its two dissociable protons, one enolic and one thiolic), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and by 1H and 13C NMR, UV-vis, and IR spectroscopy. Crystallisation of compounds 1–3 from DMSO afforded complexes of formulae [Ni(HAcb4DM)2]·2H2O (1a), [Pd(Acb4DM)(DMSO)]·DMSO (2a) and [Pt(Acb4DM)(DMSO)]·DMSO (3a), the molecular and crystal structures of which were determined by X-ray diffractometry. The thiosemicarbazone in 1a coordinates to the metal ions in an ONS-tridentate manner in the O-enolate/S-thione form, but in complexes 2a and 3a the thiosemicarbazone binds Pd(II) or Pt(II) as an ONS-pincer ligand in the O-enolate/S-thiolate form. The 195Pt NMR spectrum of 3 shows a signal at −2950 ppm along with two new signals at −3348 and −2731 ppm, indicating the presence of solvolysis products. The catalytic activity of complex 2a has been explored in aryl–aryl Suzuki cross-coupling reactions. H2Acb4DM and complexes 2 and 3 were screened for in vitro cytotoxicity against a human tumour cell line (HeLa-229), with the clinically employed drug cisplatin as a reference.

  12. 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(thiosemicarbazones) zinc complexes: synthesis, structure, and biological activity.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez-Argüelles, M C; Belicchi Ferrari, M; Gasparri Fava, G; Pelizzi, C; Tarasconi, P; Albertini, R; Dall'Aglio, P P; Lunghi, P; Pinelli, S

    1995-05-15

    The reaction of zinc chloride, acetate, or perchlorate with two bis(thiosemicarbazones) of 2,6-diacetylpyridine [H2daptsc = 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(thiosemicarbazone) and H2dapipt = 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(hydrazinopyruvoylthiosemicarbazone)] leads to the formation of four novel complexes that have been characterized by spectroscopic studies (NMR, IR) and biological properties. The crystal structures of the two compounds--[Zn(daptsc)]2.2DMF (1) and [Zn(H2dapipt)(OH2)2](CIO4)2.3H2O (2)--also have been determined by x-ray methods from diffractometer data. Compound (1) is dimeric and the two zinc atoms have a distorted octahedral coordination. The ligand is deprotonated. In compound (2), the coordination geometry about zinc is pentagonal--bipyramidal and the ligand is in the neutral form. The molecular structure of (2) consists of cations [Zn(H2dapipt)(OH2)]2+, CIO4- disordered anions, and three water molecules of solvation. Biological studies have shown that the ligands and the complexes Zn(daptsc).1/2EtOH and Zn(H2daptsc)Cl2 have an effect in vitro on cell proliferation and differentiation (inhibition); both are concentration dependent. [Zn(daptsc)]2.2DMF (1) shows the effects at lower concentration values with respect to other compounds.

  13. Copper(II)-bis(thiosemicarbazonato) complexes as anti-chlamydial agents.

    PubMed

    Marsh, James W; Djoko, Karrera Y; McEwan, Alastair G; Huston, Wilhelmina M

    2017-09-29

    Lipophilic copper (Cu)-containing complexes have shown promising antibacterial activity against a range of bacterial pathogens. To examine the susceptibility of the intracellular human pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis to copper complexes containing bis(thiosemicarbazone) ligands [Cu(btsc)], we tested the in vitro effect of CuII-diacetyl- and CuII-glyoxal-bis[N(4)-methylthiosemicarbazonato] (Cu(atsm) and Cu(gtsm), respectively) on C. trachomatis. Cu(atsm) and to a greater extent, Cu(gtsm), prevented the formation of infectious chlamydial progeny. Impacts on host cell viability and respiration were also observed in addition to the Chlamydia impacts. This work suggests that copper-based complexes may represent a new lead approach for future development of new therapeutics against chlamydial infections, although host cell impacts need to be fully explored. © FEMS 2017. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  14. New potentiometric transducer based on a Mn(II) [2-formylquinoline thiosemicarbazone] complex for static and hydrodynamic assessment of azides.

    PubMed

    Kamel, Ayman H

    2015-11-01

    A new potentiometric transducer for selective recognition of azide is characterized and developed. The PVC plasticized based sensor incorporates Mn(II) [2-formylquinoline thiosemicarbazone] complex in the presence of tri dodecyl methyl ammonium chloride (TDMAC) as a lipophilic cationic additive. The sensor displayed a near-Nernstian response for azide over 1.0×10(-2)-1.0×10(-5) mol L(-1), with an anionic slope of -55.8±0.6 mV decade(-1) and lower limit of detection 0.34 µg mL(-1). The sensor was pH independent in the range 5.5-9 and presented good selectivity features towards several inorganic anions, and it is easily used in a flow injection system and compared with a tubular detector. The intrinsic characteristics of the detector in a low dispersion manifold were determined and compared with data obtained under a hydrodynamic mode of operation. This simple and inexpensive automation, with a good potentiometric detector, enabled the analysis of ~33 samples h(-1) without requiring pre-treatment procedures. The proposed method is also applied to the analysis of trace levels of azide in primer mixtures. Significantly improved accuracy, precision, response time, stability and selectivity were offered by these simple and cost-effective potentiometric sensor compared with other standard techniques. The method has the requisite accuracy, sensitivity and precision to determine azide ions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Comparison of metabolic pathways of different α-N-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Pelivan, Karla; Frensemeier, Lisa M; Karst, Uwe; Koellensperger, Gunda; Heffeter, Petra; Keppler, Bernhard K; Kowol, Christian R

    2018-03-01

    Clinical failure of novel drugs is often related to their rapid metabolism and excretion. This highlights the importance of elucidation of their pharmacokinetic profile already at the preclinical stage of drug development. Triapine, the most prominent representative of α-N-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones, was investigated in more than 30 clinical phase I/II trials, but the results against solid tumors were disappointing. Recent investigations from our group suggested that this is, at least partially, based on the fast metabolism and excretion. In order to establish more detailed structure/activity/metabolism relationships, herein a panel of 10 different Triapine derivatives was investigated for their metabolic pathways. From the biological point of view, the panel consists of terminally dimethylated thiosemicarbazones with nanomolar IC 50 values, derivatives with micromolar cytotoxicities comparable to Triapine and a completely inactive representative. To study the oxidative metabolism, a purely instrumental approach based on electrochemistry/mass spectrometry was applied and the results were compared to the data obtained from microsomal incubations. Overall, the investigated thiosemicarbazones underwent the phase I metabolic reactions dehydrogenation, hydroxylation, oxidative desulfuration (to semicarbazone and amidrazone) and demethylation. Notably, dehydrogenation resulted in a ring-closure reaction with formation of thiadiazoles. Although strong differences between the metabolic pathways of the different thiosemicarbazones were observed, they could not be directly correlated to their cytotoxicities. Finally, the metabolic pathways for the most cytotoxic compound were elucidated also in tissues collected from drug-treated mice, confirming the data obtained by electrochemical oxidation and microsomes. In addition, the in vivo experiments revealed a very fast metabolism and excretion of the compound. Graphical abstract Structure

  16. Synthesis, antiproliferative activity and mechanism of gallium(III)-thiosemicarbazone complexes as potential anti-breast cancer agents.

    PubMed

    Qi, Jinxu; Yao, Qian; Qian, Kun; Tian, Liang; Cheng, Zhen; Yang, Dongmei; Wang, Yihong

    2018-05-14

    Five thiosemicarbazone ligands were synthesized and characterized by condensation with different aldehydes or ketones by 4-phenylthiosemicarbazone. The representative dichlorido[2-(Di-2-pyridinylmethylene)-Nphenylhydrazinecarbothioamide-N,N,S]-gallium(III) (Ga4) was characterized by X-ray single crystal diffraction, which was 1:1 ligand/Ga(III) complexes. The structure-activity relationship of these ligands and Ga (III) complexes have been investigated, and the results demonstrate that the formation of Ga (III) complexes have significant antiproliferative activity over the corresponding ligands. The anticancer mechanism of gallium (III) complexes has been studied in detail, which is typical agents that effect on the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. The ability of gallium (III) complexes to inhibit the cell cycle does not enhanced with the increasing concentrations, whereas the ability to promote apoptosis is concentration-dependent. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. Microwave gallium-68 radiochemistry for kinetically stable bis(thiosemicarbazone) complexes: structural investigations and cellular uptake under hypoxia.

    PubMed

    Alam, Israt S; Arrowsmith, Rory L; Cortezon-Tamarit, Fernando; Twyman, Frazer; Kociok-Köhn, Gabriele; Botchway, Stanley W; Dilworth, Jonathan R; Carroll, Laurence; Aboagye, Eric O; Pascu, Sofia I

    2016-01-07

    We report the microwave synthesis of several bis(thiosemicarbazones) and the rapid gallium-68 incorporation to give the corresponding metal complexes. These proved kinetically stable under 'cold' and 'hot' biological assays and were investigated using laser scanning confocal microscopy, flow cytometry and radioactive cell retention studies under normoxia and hypoxia. (68)Ga complex retention was found to be 34% higher in hypoxic cells than in normoxic cells over 30 min, further increasing to 53% at 120 min. Our data suggests that this class of gallium complexes show hypoxia selectivity suitable for imaging in living cells and in vivo tests by microPET in nude athymic mice showed that they are excreted within 1 h of their administration.

  18. Highly potent anti-proliferative effects of a gallium(III) complex with 7-chloroquinoline thiosemicarbazone as a ligand: synthesis, cytotoxic and antimalarial evaluation.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Kewal; Schniper, Sarah; González-Sarrías, Antonio; Holder, Alvin A; Sanders, Natalie; Sullivan, David; Jarrett, William L; Davis, Krystyn; Bai, Fengwei; Seeram, Navindra P; Kumar, Vipan

    2014-10-30

    A gallium(III) complex with 7-chloroquinoline thiosemicarbazone was synthesized and characterized. The complex proved to be thirty-one times more potent on colon cancer cell line, HCT-116, with considerably less cytotoxicity on non-cancerous colon fibroblast, CCD-18Co, when compared to etoposide. Its anti-malarial potential on 3D7 isolate of Plasmodium falciparum was better than lumefantrine. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  19. Metal complexes of 3-(4-bromophenyl)-1-pyridin-2-ylprop-2-en-1-one thiosemicarbazone: cytotoxic activity and investigation on the mode of action of the gold(III) complex.

    PubMed

    Sâmia, Luciana B P; Parrilha, Gabrieli L; Da Silva, Jeferson G; Ramos, Jonas P; Souza-Fagundes, Elaine M; Castelli, Silvia; Vutey, Venn; Desideri, Alessandro; Beraldo, Heloisa

    2016-06-01

    Complexes [Au(PyCT4BrPh)Cl]Cl (1), [Pt(PyCT4BrPh)Cl]0.5KCl (2), and [Pd(PyCT4BrPh)Cl]KCl (3) were obtained with 3-(4-bromophenyl)-1-pyridin-2-ylprop-2-en-1-one thiosemicarbazone (HPyCT4BrPh). Although complexes (2) and (3) did not exhibit potent cytotoxic activity, HPyCT4BrPh and its gold(III) complex (1) proved to be highly cytotoxic against HL-60 (human promyelocytic leukemia) and THP-1 (human monocytic leukemia) cells, and against MDA-MB 231 and MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma) solid tumor cells. Except for HL-60 cells, upon coordination to gold(III) a 2- to 3-fold increase in the cytotoxic effect was observed. An investigation on the possible biological targets of the gold(III) complex was carried out. Complex (1) but not the free thiosemicarbazone inhibits the enzymatic activity of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR). The affinity of 1 for TrxR suggests metal binding to a selenol residue in the active site of the enzyme. While HPyCT4BrPh was inactive, 1 was able to inhibit topoisomerase IB (Topo IB) activity. Hence, inhibition of TrxR and Topo IB could contribute to the mechanism of cytotoxic action of complex (1).

  20. Copper complexes containing thiosemicarbazones derived from 6-nitropiperonal: Antimicrobial and biophysical properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beckford, Floyd A.; Webb, Kelsey R.

    2017-08-01

    A series of four thiosemicarbazones from 6-nitropiperonal along with the corresponding copper complexes were synthesized. The biophysical characteristics of the complexes were investigated by the binding to DNA and human serum albumin. The binding to DNA is moderate; the binding constants run from (0.49-7.50) × 104 M- 1. In relation to HSA, the complexes interact strongly with binding constants on the order of 105 M- 1. The complexes also display antioxidant behavior as determined by the ability to scavenge diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (dpph) and nitric oxide radicals. The antimicrobial profiles of the compounds, tested against a panel of microbes including five of the ESKAPE pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, MDR, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and two yeasts (Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii), are also described. The compounds contain a core moiety that is similar to oxolinic acid, a quinolone antibiotic that targets DNA gyrase and topoisomerase (IV). The binding interaction between the complexes and these important antibacterial targets were studied by computational methods, chiefly docking studies. The calculated dissociation constants for the interaction with DNA gyrase B (from Staphylococcus aureus) range from 4.32 to 24.65 μM; the binding was much stronger to topoisomerase IV, with dissociation constants ranging from 0.37 to 1.27 μM.

  1. Acenaphthenequinone thiosemicarbazone and its transition metal complexes: synthesis, structure, and biological activity.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez-Argüelles, M C; Belicchi Ferrari, M; Gasparri Fava, G; Pelizzi, C; Pelosi, G; Albertini, R; Bonati, A; Dall'Aglio, P P; Lunghi, P; Pinelli, S

    1997-04-01

    The reaction of iron, nickel, copper, and zinc chlorides or acetates with acenaphthenequinone thiosemicarbazone, Haqtsc leads to the formation of novel complexes that have been characterized by spectroscopic studies (NMR, IR) and biological properties. The crystal structures of the free ligand Haqtsc 1 and of the compound [Ni(aqtsc)2].DMF 2, have also been determined by X-ray methods from diffractometer data. In 1, the conformation of the two nonequivalent molecules is governed by intramolecular hydrogen bonds, while an intermolecular hydrogen bond is responsible for dimer-like groups formation. In 2, the coordination geometry about nickel is distorted octahedral, and the two ligand molecules are terdentate monodeprotonated. Biological studies have shown that, for the first time at least up the used doses, a free ligand is active both in the inhibition of cell proliferation and in the induced differentiation on Friend erythroleukemia cells (FLC).

  2. Investigation into 64Cu-labeled Bis(selenosemicarbazone) and Bis(thiosemicarbazone) complexes as hypoxia imaging agents.

    PubMed

    McQuade, Paul; Martin, Katherine E; Castle, Thomas C; Went, Michael J; Blower, Philip J; Welch, Michael J; Lewis, Jason S

    2005-02-01

    Cu-diacetyl-bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone) [Cu-ATSM], although excellent for oncology applications, may not be suitable for delineating cardiovascular or neurological hypoxia. For this reason, new Cu hypoxia positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agents are being examined to search for a higher selectivity for hypoxic or ischemic tissue at higher oxygen concentrations found in these tissues. Two approaches are to increase alkylation or to replace the sulfur atoms with selenium, resulting in the formation of selenosemicarbazones. Three 64Cu-labeled selenosemicarbazone complexes were synthesized and one was screened for hypoxia selectivity in vitro using EMT-6 mouse mammary carcinoma cells. Rodent biodistribution and small animal PET images were obtained from BALB/c mice implanted with EMT-6 tumors. One alkylated thiosemicarbazone was synthesized and examined. Of the three bis(selenosemicarbazone) ligands synthesized and examined, only 64Cu-diacetyl-bis(selenosemicarbazone) [64Cu-ASSM] was isolated in high-enough radiochemical purity to undertake cell uptake experiments where uptake was shown to be independent of oxygen concentration. The bis(thiosemicarbazone) complex synthesized, 64Cu-diacetyl-bis(N4-ethylthiosemicarbazone) [64Cu-ATSE], showed hypoxia selectivity similar to 64Cu-ATSM although at a higher oxygen concentration. Biodistribution studies for 64Cu-ASSM and 64Cu-ATSE showed high tumor uptake at 20 min (64Cu-ASSM, 10.33+/-0.78% ID/g; 64Cu-ATSE, 7.71+/-0.46% ID/g). PET images of EMT-6 tumor-bearing mice visualized the tumor with 64Cu-ATSE and revealed hypoxia selectivity consistent with the in vitro data. Of the compounds synthesized, only 64Cu-ASSM and 64Cu-ATSE could be examined in vitro and in vivo. Although the stability of bis(selenosemicarbazone) complexes increased upon addition of methyl groups to the diimine backbone, the fully alkylated species, 64Cu-ASSM, demonstrated no hypoxia selectivity. However, the additional alkylation present in Cu

  3. Transglutaminase-mediated conjugation and nitride-technetium-99m labelling of a bis(thiosemicarbazone) bifunctional chelator.

    PubMed

    Salvarese, Nicola; Spolaore, Barbara; Marangoni, Selena; Pasin, Anna; Galenda, Alessandro; Tamburini, Sergio; Cicoria, Gianfranco; Refosco, Fiorenzo; Bolzati, Cristina

    2018-06-01

    An assessment study involving the use of the transglutaminase (TGase) conjugation method and the nitride-technetium-99m labelling on a bis(thiosemicarbazone) (BTS) bifunctional chelating agent is presented. The previously described chelator diacetyl-2-(N 4 -methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone)-3-(N 4 -amino-3-thiosemicarbazone), H 2 ATSM/A, has been functionalized with 6-aminohexanoic acid (ε-Ahx) to generate the bifunctional chelating agent diacetyl-2-(N 4 -methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone)-3-[N 4 -(amino)-(6-aminohexanoic acid)-3-thiosemicarbazone], H 2 ATSM/A-ε-Ahx (1), suitable for conjugation to glutamine (Gln) residues of bioactive molecules via TGase. The feasibility of the TGase reaction in the synthesis of a bioconjugate derivative was investigated using Substance P (SP) as model peptide. Compounds 1 and H 2 ATSM/A-ε-Ahx-SP (2) were labelled with nitride-technetium-99m, obtaining the complexes [ 99m Tc][Tc(N)(ATSM/A-ε-Ahx)] ( 99m Tc1) and [ 99m Tc][Tc(N)(ATSM/A-ε-Ahx-SP)] ( 99m Tc2). The chemical identity of 99m Tc1 and 99m Tc2 was confirmed by radio/UV-RP-HPLC combined with ESI-MS analysis on the respective carrier-added products 99g/99m Tc1 and 99g/99m Tc2. The stability of the radiolabelled complexes after incubation in various environments was investigated. All the results were compared with those obtained for the corresponding 64 Cu-analogues, 64 Cu1 and 64 Cu2. The TGase reaction allows the conjugation of 1 with the peptide, but it is not highly efficient due to instability of the chelator in the required conditions. The SP-conjugated complexes are unstable in mouse and human sera. However, indeed the BTS system can be exploited as nitride-technetium-99m chelator for highly efficient technetium labelling, thus making compound 1 worthy of further investigations for new targeted technetium and copper radiopharmaceuticals encompassing Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography and Positron Emission Tomography imaging. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights

  4. New 1-indanone thiosemicarbazone derivatives active against BVDV.

    PubMed

    Finkielsztein, Liliana M; Castro, Eliana F; Fabián, Lucas E; Moltrasio, Graciela Y; Campos, Rodolfo H; Cavallaro, Lucía V; Moglioni, Albertina G

    2008-08-01

    Identification of new therapeutic agents for the treatment of viral diseases represents an area of active investigation. In an effort to develop new antiviral compounds, a series of 1-indanone thiosemicarbazone derivatives were synthesized. These derivatives were structurally characterized using several spectroscopic techniques and evaluated against bovine viral diarrhoea virus as a surrogate model for hepatitis C virus. Thiosemicarbazone 2m showed potent anti-bovine viral diarrhoea virus activity with a higher selectivity index (SI=80.29) than that of ribavirin (SI=11.64). This result determines the potentiality of these thiosemicarbazones as antiviral agents for the treatment of infections caused by other highly related members of Flaviviridae family, as hepatitis C virus.

  5. Synthesis and biochemical evaluation of benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone analogues as potent and selective inhibitors of cathepsin L

    PubMed Central

    Parker, Erica N.; Song, Jiangli; Kumar, G. D. Kishore; Odutola, Samuel O.; Chavarria, Gustavo E.; Charlton-Sevcik, Amanda K.; Strecker, Tracy E.; Barnes, Ashleigh L.; Sudhan, Dhivya R.; Wittenborn, Thomas R.; Siemann, Dietmar W.; Horsman, Michael R.; Chaplin, David J.; Trawick, Mary Lynn; Pinney, Kevin G.

    2016-01-01

    Upregulation of cathepsin L in a variety of tumors and its ability to promote cancer cell invasion and migration through degradation of the extracellular matrix suggest that cathepsin L is a promising biological target for the development of anti-metastatic agents. Based on encouraging results from studies on benzophenone thiosemicarbazone cathepsin inhibitors, a series of fourteen benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone analogues were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against cathepsins L and B. Thiosemicarbazone inhibitors 3-benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone 1, 1,3-bis(4-fluorobenzoyl)benzene thiosemicarbazone 8, and 1,3-bis(2-fluorobenzoyl)-5-bromobenzene thiosemicarbazone 32 displayed the greatest potency against cathepsin L with low IC50 values of 9.9 nM, 14.4 nM, and 8.1 nM, respectively. The benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone analogues evaluated were selective in their inhibition of cathepsin L compared to cathepsin B. Thiosemicarbazone analogue 32 inhibited invasion through Matrigel of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells by 70% at 10 μM. Thiosemicarbazone analogue 8 significantly inhibited the invasive potential of PC-3ML prostate cancer cells by 92% at 5 μM. The most active cathepsin L inhibitors from this benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone series (1, 8, and 32) displayed low cytotoxicity toward normal primary cells [in this case human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)]. In an initial in vivo study, 3-benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone (1) was well-tolerated in a CDF1 mouse model bearing an implanted C3H mammary carcinoma, and showed efficacy in tumor growth delay. Low cytotoxicity, inhibition of cell invasion, and in vivo tolerability are desirable characteristics for anti-metastatic agents functioning through an inhibition of cathepsin L. Active members of this structurally diverse group of benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone cathepsin L inhibitors show promise as potential anti-metastatic, pre

  6. Gold(III) bis(thiosemicarbazonate) compounds in breast cancer cells: Cytotoxicity and thioredoxin reductase targeting.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Fanjul, Vanessa; López-Torres, Elena; Mendiola, M Antonia; Pizarro, Ana María

    2018-03-25

    Gold(III) compounds have received increasing attention in cancer research. Three gold complexes of general formula [Au III L]Cl, where L is benzil bis(thiosemicarbazonate), compound 1, benzil bis(4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazonate), compound 2, or benzil bis(4-cyclohexyl-3-thiosemicarbazonate), compound 3, have been synthesized and fully characterized, including the X-ray crystal structure of compound 3, confirming square-planar geometry around the gold(III) centre. Compound 1 showed moderate cytotoxicity and accumulation in MCF7 breast cancer cells but did not inhibit thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) activity and did not induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Compound 2, the least cytotoxic, was found to be capable of modestly inhibiting TrxR activity and produced low levels of ROS in the MCF7 cell line. The most cytotoxic compound, 3, had the highest cellular accumulation and its distribution pattern showed a clear preference for the cytosol and mitochondria of MCF7 cells. It readily hampered intracellular TrxR activity leading to a dramatic alteration of the cellular redox state and to the induction of cell death. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Structure-activity relationships of mononuclear metal-thiosemicarbazone complexes endowed with potent antiplasmodial and antiamoebic activities.

    PubMed

    Bahl, Deepa; Athar, Fareeda; Soares, Milena Botelho Pereira; de Sá, Matheus Santos; Moreira, Diogo Rodrigo Magalhães; Srivastava, Rajendra Mohan; Leite, Ana Cristina Lima; Azam, Amir

    2010-09-15

    A useful concept for the rational design of antiparasitic drug candidates is the complexation of bioactive ligands with transition metals. In view of this, an investigation was conducted into a new set of metal complexes as potential antiplasmodium and antiamoebic agents, in order to examine the importance of metallic atoms, as well as the kind of sphere of co-ordination, in these biological properties. Four functionalized furyl-thiosemicarbazones (NT1-4) treated with divalent metals (Cu, Co, Pt, and Pd) to form the mononuclear metallic complexes of formula [M(L)2Cl2] or [M(L)Cl2] were examined. The pharmacological characterization, including assays against Plasmodium falciparum and Entamoeba histolytica, cytotoxicity to mammalian cells, and interaction with pBR 322 plasmid DNA was performed. Structure-activity relationship data revealed that the metallic complexation plays an essential role in antiprotozoal activity, rather than the simple presence of the ligand or metal alone. Important steps towards identification of novel antiplasmodium (NT1Cu, IC50 of 4.6 microM) and antiamoebic (NT2Pd, IC50 of 0.6 microM) drug prototypes were achieved. Of particular relevance to this work, these prototypes were able to reduce the proliferation of these parasites at concentrations that are not cytotoxic to mammalian cells. Copyright (c) 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  8. Ternary complexes of Zn(II) and Cu(II) with 1-((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)methylene)-4-phenylthiosemicarbazide in the presence of heterocyclic bases as auxiliary ligands: Synthesis, spectroscopic and structural characterization and antibacterial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azarkish, Mohammad; Akbari, Alireza; Sedaghat, Tahereh; Simpson, Jim

    2018-03-01

    The new ternary complexes, ZnLL‧ [L = 1-((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)methylene)-4-phenylthiosemicarbazide and L‧ = imidazole (1), 2, 2‧-bipyridine (2) and 2-methyimidazole (3)], Zn2L2L‧ [L‧ = 4, 4‧-bipy (4)] and CuLL‧ [L‧ = 2, 2‧-bipy (5)] have been synthesized by the reaction of a metal(II) acetate salt with the thiosemicarbazone and in presence of heterocyclic bases as auxiliary ligands. The synthesized compounds were investigated by elemental analysis and IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectroscopy and complex 5 was structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. The results indicate the thiosemicarbazone doubly deprotonated and coordinates to metal through the thiolate sulfur, imine nitrogen and phenolic oxygen atoms. The nitrogen atom(s) of the auxiliary ligand complete the coordination sphere. Complex 4 is binuclear with 4, 4‧-bipy acting as a bridging ligand. The structure of 5 is a distorted square pyramid with one of the bipyridine nitrogen atoms in the apical position. This compound creates an inversion dimer in solid state by intermolecular hydrogen bonds of Nsbnd H⋯S type. The in vitro antibacterial activity of the synthesized compounds were evaluated against Gram-positive (B. subtilis and S. aureus) and Gram-negative (P. aeruginosa) bacteria and is compared to that of standard antibacterial drugs. All complexes exhibit good inhibitory effects and are significantly more effective than the parent ligand.

  9. Antineoplastic and cytogenetic effects of complexes of Pd (II) with 4N-substituted derivatives of 2-acetyl-pyridine-thiosemicarbazone.

    PubMed

    Papageorgiou, A; Iakovidou, Z; Mourelatos, D; Mioglou, E; Boutis, L; Kotsis, A; Kovala-Demertzi, D; Domopoulou, A; West, D X; Dermetzis, M A

    1997-01-01

    The effect of novel Pd(II) complexes with derivatives of 2-acetyl-pyridinethisemicarbazone, N4-ethyl (HAc4Et) and 3-hexamethyleneiminylthiosemicarbazone (HAchexim), on Sister Chromatid Exchange (SCE) rates and human lymphocyte proliferation kinetics was studied. Also, the effect of Pd(II) complexes on DNA synthesis of P388 and L1210 cell cultures and against Leukemia P388 was investigated. Among these compounds, the compound Bis(3-hexamethyleneiminyl-2-acetylpyridine-thisemicarbazonato++ +) palladium (II) was found to be distinctly effective against Leukemia P388, in inhibiting incorporation of 3H-thymidine into DNA and in inducing SCEs and cell division delays.

  10. Synthesis, characterization and biological activities of semicarbazones and their copper complexes.

    PubMed

    Venkatachalam, Taracad K; Bernhardt, Paul V; Noble, Chris J; Fletcher, Nicholas; Pierens, Gregory K; Thurecht, Kris J; Reutens, David C

    2016-09-01

    Substituted semicarbazones/thiosemicarbazones and their copper complexes have been prepared and several single crystal structures examined. The copper complexes of these semicarbazone/thiosemicarbazones were prepared and several crystal structures examined. The single crystal X-ray structure of the pyridyl-substituted semicarbazone showed two types of copper complexes, a monomer and a dimer. We also found that the p-nitrophenyl semicarbazone formed a conventional 'magic lantern' acetate-bridged dimer. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) of several of the copper complexes was consistent with the results of single crystal X-ray crystallography. The EPR spectra of the p-nitrophenyl semicarbazone copper complex in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) showed the presence of two species, confirming the structural information. Since thiosemicarbazones and semicarbazones have been reported to exhibit anticancer activity, we examined the anticancer activity of several of the derivatives reported in the present study and interestingly only the thiosemicarbazone showed activity while the semicarbazones were not active indicating that introduction of sulphur atom alters the biological profile of these thiosemicarbazones. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of 3,4-difluoroacetophenone-thiosemicarbazone and its palladium(II) complex: Evaluation of antimicrobial and antitumour activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jagadeesh, M.; Rashmi, H. K.; Subba Rao, Y.; Sreenath Reddy, A.; Prathima, B.; Uma Maheswari Devi, P.; Reddy, A. Varada

    2013-11-01

    A new cis-palladium(II)diaqua(3,4-difluoroacetophenonethiosemicarbazone complex (Pd(II) complex) is synthesized using 3,4-difluoroacetophenonethiosemicarbazone(L). The L and its Pd(II) complex are characterized and confirmed by elemental analyses, electrochemical analyses, FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV-Vis, HRMS and LC-MS techniques. Ligand L is further characterized by 1H, 13C and 19F NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structure of L is unambiguously characterized by single X-ray crystallography. The ligand (L) belongs to monoclinic system with P2(1)/C space group and the unit cell parameters are a(Å) = 9.1144(7), b(Å) = 13.7928(7), c(Å) = 8.4174(5), α(°) = 90, β(°) = 100.715, γ(°) = 90 and volume V(A3) = 1039.73(11). The Raman bands observed for the L and its Pd(II) complex are in good agreement with the FT-IR spectral data. The Pd(II) complex is found to be highly efficient in inhibiting the growth of human pathogens like Salmonella typhimurium and Klebsiella pneumonia with MIC value 10.0 μg/mL whose inhibition zones are almost comparable with the standard antibiotic. The synthesized compounds have shown antiproliferative activity against the human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB231 by intermitting the regular pathway of ribonucleotidereductase.

  12. Synthesis and in vitro antibacterial activity of new steroidal thiosemicarbazone derivatives.

    PubMed

    Khan, Salman Ahmad; Kumar, Praveen; Joshi, Rajkumar; Iqbal, Prince F; Saleem, Kishwar

    2008-09-01

    We investigated the antibacterial activity of some new steroidal thiosemicarbazone derivatives, prepared from the reaction of cholest-5-en-7-one with thiosemicarbazides, in ethanol in the presence of a few drops of HCl at 80 degrees C in high yield. All the compounds have been characterized by means of elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR and mass spectroscopic data, to find an effective antibacterial agent. The antibacterial activity was first tested in vitro by the disk diffusion assay against two Gram-positive and two Gram-negative bacteria, and then the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of compounds was determined. The results showed that the steroidal thiosemicarbazones derivatives inhibit growth of both types of the bacteria (Gram-positive and Gram-negative). The acetoxy and chloro derivatives of cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl amine thiosemicarbazones were found to have more antibacterial activity than the other derivatives.

  13. Synthesis, Spectroscopic, and Antimicrobial Studies on Bivalent Nickel and Copper Complexes of Bis(thiosemicrbazone)

    PubMed Central

    Chandra, Sulekh; Raizada, Smriti; Tyagi, Monika; Gautam, Archana

    2007-01-01

    A series of metal complexes of Cu(II) and Ni(II) having the general composition [M(L)X2] with benzil bis(thiosemicarbazone) has been prepared and characterized by element chemical analysis, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements, and spectral (electronic, IR, EPR, mass) studies. The IR spectral data suggest the involvement of sulphur and azomethane nitrogen in coordination to the central metal ion. On the basis of spectral studies, an octahedral geometry has been assigned for Ni(II) complexes but a tetragonal geometry for Cu(II) complexes. The free ligand and its metal complexes have been tested in vitro against a number of microorganisms in order to assess their antimicrobial properties. PMID:18273385

  14. Complexes of dichloro[2-(dimethylaminomethyl)phenyl-C1,N]gold(III), [Au(damp-C1,N)Cl2], with formylferrocene thiosemicarbazones: synthesis, structure and cytotoxicity.

    PubMed

    Casas, José S; Castaño, María V; Cifuentes, María C; García-Monteagudo, Juán C; Sánchez, Agustín; Sordo, José; Abram, Ulrich

    2004-06-01

    Dichloro[2-(dimethylaminomethyl)phenyl- phenyl-C1,N]gold(III), [Au(damp-C1,N)Cl2], reacts with the formylferrocene thiosemicarbazones derived from 4-methyl-, 4-phenyl-, 4-ethyl- and 4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazides, HFcTSC, to give complexes of general formula [Au(Hdamp-1C)Cl(FcTSC)]Cl. These complexes were isolated and characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectrometry and IR, 1H NMR and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. In some cases, cyclic voltammetric studies were carried out and these showed that the complexation of gold affects the redox behaviour of the ferrocene unit. The in vitro antitumor activity against the HeLa cell line was also determined for the more soluble complexes. The IC(50) values were found to be higher than that of cisplatin but the maximum antiproliferative activity was similar.

  15. [Study of the effect of thiosemicarbazones against Toxoplasma gondii].

    PubMed

    Gomes, Marco Antônio G B; Carreira, Gabriela M; Souza, Daniela P V; Nogueira, Paulo Marcos R; de Melo, Edésio J T; Maria, Edmilson J

    2013-04-01

    Toxoplasmosis is a neglected disease, with an estimated occurrence of one-third of the population worldwide. Research in medicinal chemistry has for some years been pursuing the development of new drugs against toxoplasmosis, because current treatments cause serious side effects in the patient. The use of thiosemicarbazones as an alternative option for the treatment of various diseases has been published in recent years, due to their, among others, anticancer, antimalarial, antitrypanosomal, antibacterial, and antitoxoplasmosis activities, the latter being the subject of this study, which is based upon biological analyses and tests of the response of Toxoplasma gondii in the presence of thiosemicarbazones. Copyright © 2013 Académie des sciences. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. Structural, spectral analysis and DNA studies of heterocyclic thiosemicarbazone ligand and its Cr(III), Fe(III), Co(II) Hg(II), and U(VI) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yousef, T. A.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.; El Morshedy, R. M.

    2013-08-01

    The paper presents a combined experimental and computational study of novel Cr(III), Fe(III), Co(II), Hg(II) and U(VI) complexes of (E)-2-((3-hydroxynaphthalen-2-yl)methylene)-N-(pyridin-2-yl)hydrazinecarbothioamide (H2L). The ligand and its complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, spectral (IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR and 13C NMR), magnetic and thermal studies. IR spectra show that H2L is coordinated to the metal ions in a mononegative bi or tri manner. The structures are suggested to be octahedral for all complexes except Hg(II) complex is tetrahedral. Theoretical calculations have been performed to obtain IR spectra of ligand and its complexes using AM1, MM, Zindo/1, MM+ and PM3, methods. Satisfactory theoretical-experimental agreements were achieved by MM method for the ligand and PM3 for its complexes. DOS calculations carried out by MM (ADF) method for ligand Hg complex from which we concluded that the thiol form of the ligand is more active than thione form and this explains that the most complexation take place in that form. The calculated IR vibrations of the metal complexes, using the PM3 method was the nearest method for the experimental data, and it could be used for all complexes. Also, valuable information are obtained from calculation of molecular parameters for all compounds carried out by the previous methods of calculation (electronegativity of the coordination sites, net dipole moment of the metal complexes, values of heat of formation and binding energy) which approved that the complexes are more stable than ligand. The low value of ΔE could be expected to indicate H2L molecule has high inclination to bind with the metal ions. Furthermore, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different decomposition steps were calculated using the Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Finally, the biochemical studies showed that, complex 2, 4 have powerful and complete degradation effect on DNA. For the foremost majority of cases the

  17. Structural and cytotoxic studies of cationic thiosemicarbazones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sinniah, Saravana Kumar; Sim, Kae Shin; Ng, Seik Weng; Tan, Kong Wai

    2017-06-01

    Schiff bases from the thiosemicarbazones family with variable N4 substituents are known to show enhanced growth inhibitory properties. In view of these facts and as a part of our continuous interest in cationic Schiff bases, we have developed several Schiff base ligands from (3-formyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)methyltriphenylphosphonium (T) in present study. The compounds were characterized by various spectroscopic methods (infrared spectra, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, HRESIMS and X-ray crystallography). Three of the N4 substituents, namely P(tsc)T, FP(tsc)T and EP(tsc)T exerted strong growth inhibitory properties by inhibiting the highly metastasis prostate cancer growth (PC-3). The thiosemicarbazone with ethylphenyl (EP) moiety displayed most potent activity against all cell lines tested. The MTT data obtained from analysis establishes that phenyl substituent enhances the growth inhibitory properties of the compound. The result affirms that EP(tsc)T would serve as a lead scaffold for rational anticancer agent development.

  18. Substitutional impact on biological activity of new water soluble Ni(II) complexes: Preparation, spectral characterization, X-ray crystallography, DNA/protein binding, antibacterial activity and in vitro cytotoxicity.

    PubMed

    Umadevi, C; Kalaivani, P; Puschmann, H; Murugan, S; Mohan, P S; Prabhakaran, R

    2017-02-01

    A series of new water soluble nickel(II) complexes containing triphenylphosphine and 4-methoxysalicylaldehyde-4(N)-substituted thiosemicarbazones were synthesized and characterized. Crystallographic investigations confirmed the structure of the complexes (1-4) having the general structure [Ni(4-Msal-Rtsc)(PPh 3 )] (Where R=H (1); CH 3 (2); C 2 H 5 (3); C 6 H 5 (4)) which showed that thiosemicarbazone ligands coordinated to nickel(II) ion as ONS tridentate bibasic donor. DNA/BSA protein binding ability of the ligands and their new complexes were studied by taking calf-thymus DNA (CT-DNA) and Bovine serum albumin (BSA) through absorption and emission titrations. Ethidium bromide (EB) displacement study showed the intercalative binding trend of the complexes to DNA. From the albumin binding studies, the mechanism of quenching was found as static and the alterations in the secondary structure of BSA by the compounds were confirmed with synchronous spectral studies. The binding affinity of the complexes to CT-DNA and BSA has the order of [Ni(4-Msal-etsc)(PPh 3 )] (3) >[Ni(4-Msal-mtsc)(PPh 3 )] (2) >[Ni(4-Msal-tsc)(PPh 3 )] (1) >[Ni(4-Msal-ptsc)(PPh 3 )] (4). In vitro cytotoxicity of the complexes was tested on human lung cancer cells (A549), human cervical cancer cells (HeLa), human liver carcinoma cells (Hep G2). All the complexes exhibited significant activity against three cancer cells. Among them, complex 4 exhibited almost 2.5 fold activity than cisplatin in A549 and HepG2 cell lines. In HeLa cell line, the complexes exhibited significant activity which is less than cisplatin. While comparing the activity of the complexes in A549 and HepG2 cell lines it falls in the order 4>1>2>3>cisplatin. The results obtained from DNA, protein binding and cytotoxicity studies, it is concluded that the cytotoxicity of the complexes as determined by MTT assay were not unduly influenced by the complexes having different binding efficiency with DNA and protein. The complexes

  19. Intermolecular interaction of thiosemicarbazone derivatives to solvents and a potential Aedes aegypti target

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    da Silva, João Bosco P.; Hallwass, Fernando; da Silva, Aluizio G.; Moreira, Diogo Rodrigo; Ramos, Mozart N.; Espíndola, José Wanderlan P.; de Oliveira, Ana Daura T.; Brondani, Dalci José; Leite, Ana Cristina L.; Merz, Kenneth M.

    2015-08-01

    DFT calculations were used to access information about structure, energy and electronic properties of series of phenyl- and phenoxymethyl-(thio)semicarbazone derivatives with demonstrated activity against the larvae of Aedes aegypti in stage L4. The way as the thiosemicarbazone derivatives can interact with solvents like DMSO and water were analyzed from the comparison between calculated and experimental 1H NMR chemical shifts. The evidences of thiosemicarbazone derivatives making H-bond interaction to solvent have provide us insights on how they can interact with a potential A. aegypti's biological target, the Sterol Carrier Protein-2.

  20. Coordination of different ligands to copper(II) and cobalt(III) metal centers enhances Zika virus and dengue virus loads in both arthropod cells and human keratinocytes.

    PubMed

    Dutta, Shovan; Celestine, Michael J; Khanal, Supreet; Huddleston, Alexis; Simms, Colin; Arca, Jessa Faye; Mitra, Amlan; Heller, Loree; Kraj, Piotr J; Ledizet, Michel; Anderson, John F; Neelakanta, Girish; Holder, Alvin A; Sultana, Hameeda

    2018-01-01

    Trace elements such as copper and cobalt have been associated with virus-host interactions. However, studies to show the effect of conjugation of copper(II) or cobalt(III) metal centers to thiosemicarbazone ligand(s) derived from either food additives or mosquito repellent such as 2-acetylethiazole or citral, respectively, on Zika virus (ZIKV) or dengue virus (serotype 2; DENV2) infections have not been explored. In this study, we show that four compounds comprising of thiosemicarbazone ligand derived from 2-acetylethiazole viz., (E)-N-ethyl-2-[1-(thiazol-2-yl)ethylidene]hydrazinecarbothioamide (acetylethTSC) (compound 1), a copper(II) complex with acetylethTSC as a ligand (compound 2), a thiosemicarbazone ligand-derived from citral (compound 3) and a cobalt(III) complex with a citral-thiosemicarbazone ligand (compound 4) increased DENV2 and ZIKV replication in both mosquito C6/36 cells and human keratinocytes (HaCaT cells). Treatment of both cell lines with compounds 2 or 4 showed increased dengue viral titers at all three tested doses. Enhanced dengue viral plaque formation was also noted at the tested dose of 100μM, suggesting higher production of infectious viral particles. Treatment with the compounds 2 or 4 enhanced ZIKV and DENV2 RNA levels in HeLa cell line and primary cultures of mouse bone marrow derived dendritic cells. Also, pre- or post treatments with conjugated compounds 2 or 4 showed higher loads of ZIKV or DENV2 envelope (E) protein in HaCaT cells. No changes in loads of E-protein were found in ZIKV-infected C6/36 cells, when compounds were treated after infection. In addition, we tested bis(1,10-phenanthroline)copper(II) chloride ([Cu(phen) 2 ]Cl 2 , (compound 5) and tris(1,10-phenanthroline)cobalt(III) chloride ([Co(phen) 3 ]Cl 3 , (compound 6) that also showed enhanced DENV2 loads. Also, we found that copper(II) chloride dehydrate (CuCl 2 ·2H 2 O) or cobalt(II) chloride hexahydrate (CoCl 2 ·6H 2 O) alone had no effects as "free" cations

  1. Synthesis, activity and pharmacophore development for isatin-β-thiosemicarbazones with selective activity towards multidrug resistant cellsa

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Matthew D.; Salam, Noeris K.; Hellawell, Jennifer L.; Fales, Henry M.; Kensler, Caroline B.; Ludwig, Joseph A.; Szakacs, Gergely; Hibbs, David E.; Gottesman, Michael M.

    2009-01-01

    We have recently identified a new class of compounds that selectively kill cells that express P-glycoprotein (P-gp, MDR1), the ATPase efflux pump that confers multidrug resistance on cancer cells. Several isatin-β-thiosemicarbazones from our initial study have been validated, and a range of analogs synthesized and tested. A number demonstrated improved MDR1-selective activity over the lead, NSC73306 (1). Pharmacophores for cytotoxicity and MDR1-selectivity were generated to delineate the structural features required for activity. The MDR1-selective pharmacophore highlights the importance of aromatic/hydrophobic features at the N4 position of the thiosemicarbazone, and the reliance on the isatin moiety as key bioisosteric contributors. Additionally, a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model that yielded a cross-validated correlation coefficient of 0.85 effectively predicts the cytotoxicty of untested thiosemicarbazones. Together, the models serve as effective approaches for predicting structures with MDR1-selective activity, and aid in directing the search for the mechanism of action of 1. PMID:19397322

  2. Iron-targeting antitumor activity of gallium compounds and novel insights into triapine(®)-metal complexes.

    PubMed

    Chitambar, Christopher R; Antholine, William E

    2013-03-10

    Despite advances made in the treatment of cancer, a significant number of patients succumb to this disease every year. Hence, there is a great need to develop new anticancer agents. Emerging data show that malignant cells have a greater requirement for iron than normal cells do and that proteins involved in iron import, export, and storage may be altered in cancer cells. Therefore, strategies to perturb these iron-dependent steps in malignant cells hold promise for the treatment of cancer. Recent studies show that gallium compounds and metal-thiosemicarbazone complexes inhibit tumor cell growth by targeting iron homeostasis, including iron-dependent ribonucleotide reductase. Chemical similarities of gallium(III) with iron(III) enable the former to mimic the latter and interpose itself in critical iron-dependent steps in cellular proliferation. Newer gallium compounds have emerged with additional mechanisms of action. In clinical trials, the first-generation-compound gallium nitrate has exhibited activity against bladder cancer and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, while the thiosemicarbazone Triapine(®) has demonstrated activity against other tumors. Novel gallium compounds with greater cytotoxicity and a broader spectrum of antineoplastic activity than gallium nitrate should continue to be developed. The antineoplastic activity and toxicity of the existing novel gallium compounds and thiosemicarbazone-metal complexes should be tested in animal tumor models and advanced to Phase I and II clinical trials. Future research should identify biologic markers that predict tumor sensitivity to gallium compounds. This will help direct gallium-based therapy to cancer patients who are most likely to benefit from it.

  3. Revisiting the thiosemicarbazonecopper(II) reaction with glutathione. Activity against colorectal carcinoma cell lines.

    PubMed

    García-Tojal, Javier; Gil-García, Rubén; Fouz, Víctor Ivo; Madariaga, Gotzon; Lezama, Luis; Galletero, María S; Borrás, Joaquín; Nollmann, Friederike I; García-Girón, Carlos; Alcaraz, Raquel; Cavia-Saiz, Mónica; Muñiz, Pilar; Palacios, Òscar; Samper, Katia G; Rojo, Teófilo

    2018-03-01

    Thiosemicarbazones (TSCs), and their copper derivatives, have been extensively studied mainly due to the potential applications as antitumor compounds. A part of the biological activity of the TSC-Cu II complexes rests on their reactivity against cell reductants, as glutathione (GSH). The present paper describes the structure of the [Cu(PTSC)(ONO 2 )] n compound (1) (HPTSC=pyridine-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone) and its spectroscopic and magnetic properties. ESI studies performed on the reaction of GSH with 1 and the analogous [{Cu(PTSC*)(ONO 2 )} 2 ] derivative (2, HPTSC*=pyridine-2-carbaldehyde 4N-methylthiosemicarbazone) show the absence of peaks related with TSC-Cu-GSH species. However GSH-Cu ones are detected, in good agreement with the release of Cu I ions after reduction in the experimental conditions. The reactivity of 1 and 2 with cytochrome c and myoglobin and their activities against HT-29 and SW-480 colon carcinoma cell lines are compared with those shown by the free HPTSC and HPTSC* ligands. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Coordination behavior of ligand based on NNS and NNO donors with ruthenium(III) complexes and their catalytic and DNA interaction studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manikandan, R.; Viswnathamurthi, P.

    2012-11-01

    Reactions of 2-acetylpyridine-thiosemicarbazone HL1, 2-acetylpyridine-4-methyl-thiosemicarbazone HL2, 2-acetylpyridine-4-phenyl-thiosemicarbazone HL3 and 2-acetylpyridine-semicarbazone HL4 with ruthenium(III) precursor complexes were studied and the products were characterized by analytical and spectral (FT-IR, electronic, EPR and EI-MS) methods. The ligands coordinated with the ruthenium(III) ion via pyridine nitrogen, azomethine nitrogen and thiolate sulfur/enolate oxygen. An octahedral geometry has been proposed for all the complexes based on the studies. All the complexes are redox active and display an irreversible and quasireversible metal centered redox processes. Further, the catalytic activity of the new complexes has been investigated for the transfer hydrogenation of ketones in the presence of isopropanol/KOH and the Kumada-Corriu coupling of aryl halides with aryl Grignard reagents. The DNA cleavage efficiency of new complexes has also been tested.

  5. Iron-Targeting Antitumor Activity of Gallium Compounds and Novel Insights Into Triapine®-Metal Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Antholine, William E.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Significance: Despite advances made in the treatment of cancer, a significant number of patients succumb to this disease every year. Hence, there is a great need to develop new anticancer agents. Recent Advances: Emerging data show that malignant cells have a greater requirement for iron than normal cells do and that proteins involved in iron import, export, and storage may be altered in cancer cells. Therefore, strategies to perturb these iron-dependent steps in malignant cells hold promise for the treatment of cancer. Recent studies show that gallium compounds and metal-thiosemicarbazone complexes inhibit tumor cell growth by targeting iron homeostasis, including iron-dependent ribonucleotide reductase. Chemical similarities of gallium(III) with iron(III) enable the former to mimic the latter and interpose itself in critical iron-dependent steps in cellular proliferation. Newer gallium compounds have emerged with additional mechanisms of action. In clinical trials, the first-generation-compound gallium nitrate has exhibited activity against bladder cancer and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, while the thiosemicarbazone Triapine® has demonstrated activity against other tumors. Critical Issues: Novel gallium compounds with greater cytotoxicity and a broader spectrum of antineoplastic activity than gallium nitrate should continue to be developed. Future Directions: The antineoplastic activity and toxicity of the existing novel gallium compounds and thiosemicarbazone-metal complexes should be tested in animal tumor models and advanced to Phase I and II clinical trials. Future research should identify biologic markers that predict tumor sensitivity to gallium compounds. This will help direct gallium-based therapy to cancer patients who are most likely to benefit from it. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 00, 000–000. PMID:22900955

  6. Synthesis, biological evaluation and molecular docking of N-phenyl thiosemicarbazones as urease inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Hameed, Abdul; Khan, Khalid Mohammed; Zehra, Syeda Tazeen; Ahmed, Ramasa; Shafiq, Zahid; Bakht, Syeda Mahwish; Yaqub, Muhammad; Hussain, Mazhar; de la Vega de León, Antonio; Furtmann, Norbert; Bajorath, Jürgen; Shad, Hazoor Ahmad; Tahir, Muhammad Nawaz; Iqbal, Jamshed

    2015-08-01

    Urease is an important enzyme which breaks urea into ammonia and carbon dioxide during metabolic processes. However, an elevated activity of urease causes various complications of clinical importance. The inhibition of urease activity with small molecules as inhibitors is an effective strategy for therapeutic intervention. Herein, we have synthesized a series of 19 benzofurane linked N-phenyl semithiocarbazones (3a-3s). All the compounds were screened for enzyme inhibitor activity against Jack bean urease. The synthesized N-phenyl thiosemicarbazones had varying activity levels with IC50 values between 0.077 ± 0.001 and 24.04 ± 0.14 μM compared to standard inhibitor, thiourea (IC50 = 21 ± 0.11 μM). The activities of these compounds may be due to their close resemblance of thiourea. A docking study with Jack bean urease (PDB ID: 4H9M) revealed possible binding modes of N-phenyl thiosemicarbazones. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Rhenium(I) tricarbonyl compounds of bioactive thiosemicarbazones: Synthesis, characterization and activity against Trypanosoma cruzi.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez Arce, Esteban; Machado, Ignacio; Rodríguez, Belén; Lapier, Michel; Zúñiga, María Carolina; Maya, Juan Diego; Olea Azar, Claudio; Otero, Lucía; Gambino, Dinorah

    2017-05-01

    American Trypanosomiasis is a chronic infection discovered and described in 1909 by the Brazilian scientist Carlos Chagas. It is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Although it affects about 10million people in Latin America, the current chemotherapy is still inadequate. The discovery of new drugs is urgently needed. Our group is focused on the development of prospective metal-based drugs mainly based on bioactive ligands and pharmacologically interesting metal ions. In this work three new rhenium(I) tricarbonyl compounds fac-[Re I (CO) 3 Br(HL)] where HL=5-nitrofuryl containing thiosemicarbazones were synthesized and fully characterized in solution and in the solid state. The in vitro evaluation of the compounds on T. cruzi trypomastigotes (Dm28c strain) showed that the Re(I) compounds are 8 to 15 times more active than the reference drug Nifurtimox and show a 4 to 17 fold increase in activity in respect to the free (HL) ligands. Obtained compounds also show good selectivity indexes (IC 50 endothelial cells Ea.hy926 /IC 50 T. cruzi (Dm28c tripomastigotes) ). 1 H NMR and MS studies, performed with time, showed that the fac-[Re(CO) 3 Br(HL)] species convert into the dimers [Re 2 (CO) 6 (L) 2 ] in solution. Crystal structure of [Re I 2 (CO) 6 (L2) 2 ], the product of complexes' dimerization, was solved. Related to the mechanism of action, the studied compounds do not generate radical oxygen species in the parasite (as 5-nitrofuryl derived thiosemicarbazones do) probably due to the unfavorable nitro reduction potential of the generated dimeric species. On the contrary, the compounds produce a decrease of the oxygen consumption rate of the parasites, maybe inhibiting their mitochondrial respiration. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Comparative evaluation of Bis(thiosemicarbazone)- Biotin and Met-ac-TE3A for tumor imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Sweta; Tiwari, Anjani K.; Varshney, Raunak; Mathur, R.; Shukla, Gauri; Bag, N.; Singh, B.; Mishra, Anil K.

    2016-01-01

    2,2‧,2″-(11-(2-((4-mercapto-1-methoxy-1-oxobutan-2-yl)amino)-2-oxoethyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraaza cyclotetradecane-1,4,8-triyl)triacetic acid, Met-ac-TE3A and (E)-N-methyl-2-((E)-3-(2-(2-(5-((3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxohexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl)pentanoyl)hydrazinecarbono-thioyl)hydrazonobutan-2-ylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide, Bis(thiosemicarbazone)- Biotin were synthesized and evaluated for imaging application. The pharmacokinetics of these ligands were determined by tracer methods. In vitro human serum stability of 99mTc Met-ac-TE3A/99mTc Bis(thiosemicarbazone)-Biotin after 24 h was found to be 96.5% and 97.0% respectively. Blood kinetics of both ligands in normal rabbits showed biphasic clearance pattern. Ex vivo biodistribution study revealed significant initial tumor uptake and high tumor/muscles ratio which is a pre-requisite condition for a ligand to work as SPECT-radiopharmaceutical for tumor imaging.

  9. Inhibition of bovine viral diarrhea virus RNA synthesis by thiosemicarbazone derived from 5,6-dimethoxy-1-indanone.

    PubMed

    Castro, Eliana F; Fabian, Lucas E; Caputto, María E; Gagey, Dolores; Finkielsztein, Liliana M; Moltrasio, Graciela Y; Moglioni, Albertina G; Campos, Rodolfo H; Cavallaro, Lucía V

    2011-06-01

    In the present work, we described the activity of the thiosemicarbazone derived from 5,6-dimethoxy-1-indanone (TSC), which we previously characterized as a new compound that inhibits bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection. We showed that TSC acts at a point of time that coincides with the onset of viral RNA synthesis and that it inhibits the activity of BVDV replication complexes (RCs). Moreover, we have selected five BVDV mutants that turned out to be highly resistant to TSC but still susceptible to ribavirin (RBV). Four of these resistant mutants carried an N264D mutation in the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). The remaining mutant showed an A392E mutation within the same protein. Some of these mutants replicated slower than the wild-type (wt) virus in the absence of TSC, whereas others showed a partial reversion to the wt phenotype over several passages in the absence of the compound. The docking of TSC in the crystal structure of the BVDV RdRp revealed a close contact between the indane ring of the compound and several residues within the fingers domain of the enzyme, some hydrophobic contacts, and hydrogen bonds with the thiosemicarbazone group. Finally, in the mutated RdRp from resistant BVDV, these interactions with TSC could not be achieved. Interestingly, TSC inhibited BVDV replication in cell culture synergistically with RBV. In conclusion, TSC emerges as a new nonnucleoside inhibitor of BVDV RdRp that is synergistic with RBV, a feature that turns it into a potential compound to be evaluated against hepatitis C virus (HCV).

  10. Spectroscopic, cyclic voltammetric and biological studies of transition metal complexes with mixed nitrogen-sulphur (NS) donor macrocyclic ligand derived from thiosemicarbazide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Gupta, Lokesh Kumar; Sangeetika

    2005-11-01

    The complexation of new mixed thia-aza-oxa macrocycle viz., 2,12-dithio-5,9,14,18-tetraoxo-7,16-dithia-1,3,4,10,11,13-hexaazacyclooctadecane containing thiosemicarba-zone unit with a series of transition metals Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) has been investigated, by different spectroscopic techniques. The structural features of the ligand have been studied by EI-mass, 1H NMR and IR spectral techniques. Elemental analyses, magnetic moment susceptibility, molar conductance, IR, electronic, and EPR spectral studies characterized the complexes. Electronic absorption and IR spectra of the complexes indicate octahedral geometry for chloro, nitrato, thiocyanato or acetato complexes. The dimeric and neutral nature of the sulphato complexes are confirmed from magnetic susceptibility and low conductance values. Electronic spectra suggests square-planar geometry for all sulphato complexes. The redox behaviour was studied by cyclic voltammetry, show metal-centered reduction processes for all complexes. The complexes of copper show both oxidation and reduction process. The redox potentials depend on the conformation of central atom in the macrocyclic complexes. Newly synthesized macrocyclic ligand and its transition metal complexes show markedly growth inhibitory activity against pathogenic bacterias and plant pathogenic fungi under study. Most of the complexes have higher activity than that of the metal free ligand.

  11. Manganese(II), iron(II), cobalt(II), and copper(II) complexes of an extended inherently chiral tris-bipyridyl cage.

    PubMed

    Perkins, David F; Lindoy, Leonard F; McAuley, Alexander; Meehan, George V; Turner, Peter

    2006-01-17

    Manganese(II), iron(II), cobalt(II), and copper(II) derivatives of two inherently chiral, Tris(bipyridyl) cages (L and L') of type [ML]-(PF(6))(2)(solvent)(n) and [FeL'](ClO(4))(2) are reported, where L is the hexa-tertiary butyl-substituted derivative of L'. These products were obtained by using the free cage and metal template procedures; the latter involved the reductive amination of the respective Tris-dialdehyde precursor complexes of iron(II), cobalt(II), or nickel(II). Electrochemical, EPR, and NMR studies have been used to probe the nature of the individual complexes. X-ray structures of the manganese(II), iron(II), and copper(II) complexes of L and the iron(II) complex of L' are presented; these are compared with the previously reported structures of the corresponding nickel(II) complex and metal-free cage (L). In each complex the metal cation occupies the cage's central cavity and is coordinated to six nitrogens from the three bipyridyl groups. The cations [MnL](2+) and [FeL](2+) are isostructural but both exhibit a different arrangement of the bound cage to that observed in the corresponding nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes. The latter have an exo-exo arrangement of the bridgehead nitrogen lone pairs, with the metal inducing a triple helical twist that extends approximately 22 A along the axial length of each complex. In contrast, [MnL](2+) and [FeL](2+) have their terminal nitrogen lone pairs directed endo, causing a significant change in the configuration of the bound ligand. In [FeL'](2+), the cage has both bridgehead nitrogen lone pairs orientated exo. Semiempirical calculations indicate that the observed endo-endo and exo-exo arrangements are of comparable energy.

  12. Spectral studies, thermal investigation and biological activity of some metal complexes derived from (E)-N‧-(1-(4-aminophenyl)ethylidene)morpholine-4-carbothiohydrazide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Samanody, El-Sayed A.; Polis, Magdy W.; Emara, Esam M.

    2017-09-01

    A new series of biologically active Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes derived from the novel thiosemicarbazone ligand; (E)-N‧-(1-(4-aminophenyl)ethylidene)morpholine-4-carbothiohydrazide (HL) were synthesized. The mode of bonding of the ligand and the geometrical structures of its metal complexes were achieved by different analytical and spectral methods. The ligand coordinated with metal ions in a neutral bidentate fashion through the thione sulfur and azomethine nitrogen atoms. All metal complexes adopted octahedral geometry, except Cu(II) complexes (3, 6, 7) which have a square planar structure. The general thermal decomposition pathways of the ligand along with its metal complexes were explained. The thermal stability of the complexes is controlled by the number of outer and inner sphere water molecules, ionic radii and the steric hindrance. The activation thermodynamic parameters; (activation energy (E*), enthalpy of activation (ΔH*), entropy of activation (ΔS*) and Gibbs free energy (ΔG*)) along with order of reaction (n) were estimated from DTG curves. The ESR spectra of Cu(II) complexes indicated that (dx2-y2)1 is the ground state with covalence character of metal-ligand bonds. The molluscicidal and biochemical effects of the ligand and its Ni(II); Cu(II) complexes (2; 3, 5, 7) along with their combinations with metaldehyde were screened in vitro on the mucous gland of Eobania vermiculata. The tested compounds exhibited a significant toxicity against the tested animals and have almost the same toxic effect of metaldehyde which increases the mucous secretion of the snails and leads to death.

  13. Synthesis, characterization and anti-microbial evaluation of Cu(II), Ni(II), Pt(II) and Pd(II) sulfonylhydrazone complexes; 2D-QSAR analysis of Ni(II) complexes of sulfonylhydrazone derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Özbek, Neslihan; Alyar, Saliha; Alyar, Hamit; Şahin, Ertan; Karacan, Nurcan

    2013-05-01

    Copper(II), nickel(II), platinum(II) and palladium(II) complexes with 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde-N-methylpropanesulfonylhydrazone (nafpsmh) derived from propanesulfonic acid-1-methylhydrazide (psmh) were synthesized, their structure were identified, and antimicrobial activity of the compounds was screened against three Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteria. The results of antimicrobial studies indicate that Pt(II) and Pd(II) complexes showed the most activity against all bacteria. The crystal structure of 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde-N-methylpropanesulfonylhydrazone (nafpsmh) was also investigated by X-ray analysis. A series of Ni(II) sulfonyl hydrazone complexes (1-33) was synthesized and tested in vitro against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Their antimicrobial activities were used in the QSAR analysis. Four-parameter QSAR models revealed that nucleophilic reaction index for Ni and O atoms, and HOMO-LUMO energy gap play key roles in the antimicrobial activity.

  14. Inhibition of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus RNA Synthesis by Thiosemicarbazone Derived from 5,6-Dimethoxy-1-Indanone▿

    PubMed Central

    Castro, Eliana F.; Fabian, Lucas E.; Caputto, María E.; Gagey, Dolores; Finkielsztein, Liliana M.; Moltrasio, Graciela Y.; Moglioni, Albertina G.; Campos, Rodolfo H.; Cavallaro, Lucía V.

    2011-01-01

    In the present work, we described the activity of the thiosemicarbazone derived from 5,6-dimethoxy-1-indanone (TSC), which we previously characterized as a new compound that inhibits bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection. We showed that TSC acts at a point of time that coincides with the onset of viral RNA synthesis and that it inhibits the activity of BVDV replication complexes (RCs). Moreover, we have selected five BVDV mutants that turned out to be highly resistant to TSC but still susceptible to ribavirin (RBV). Four of these resistant mutants carried an N264D mutation in the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). The remaining mutant showed an A392E mutation within the same protein. Some of these mutants replicated slower than the wild-type (wt) virus in the absence of TSC, whereas others showed a partial reversion to the wt phenotype over several passages in the absence of the compound. The docking of TSC in the crystal structure of the BVDV RdRp revealed a close contact between the indane ring of the compound and several residues within the fingers domain of the enzyme, some hydrophobic contacts, and hydrogen bonds with the thiosemicarbazone group. Finally, in the mutated RdRp from resistant BVDV, these interactions with TSC could not be achieved. Interestingly, TSC inhibited BVDV replication in cell culture synergistically with RBV. In conclusion, TSC emerges as a new nonnucleoside inhibitor of BVDV RdRp that is synergistic with RBV, a feature that turns it into a potential compound to be evaluated against hepatitis C virus (HCV). PMID:21430053

  15. Heteroleptic complexes of Zn(II) based on 1-(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-phenylthiosemicarbazide: Synthesis, structural characterization, theoretical studies and antibacterial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azarkish, Mohammad; Akbari, Alireza; Sedaghat, Tahereh; Simpson, Jim

    2017-04-01

    Four new ternary complexes, [ZnL (2,2‧-bipy)] (1), Zn2L2(4,4‧-bipy)] (2), [ZnL(Imd)]·H2O (3) and [ZnL3(MeImd)] (4), have been synthesized from the reaction of Zn(II) acetate with 1-(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-phenylthiosemicarbazide (H2L) in the presence of a heterocyclic base, 2,2‧-bipyridine, 4,4‧-bipyridine, imidazole or 2-methylimidazole, as an auxiliary ligand. The complexes have been investigated by elemental analysis and FT-IR, UV-Vis and 1HNMR spectroscopy. These data show that the thiosemicarbazone acts as a tridentate dianionic ligand and coordinates via the thiol group, imine nitrogen, and phenolic oxygen. The coordination sphere was completed by the nitrogen atom(s) of the secondary ligand. The structure of 1 was also confirmed by X-ray crystallography and shown to be a five coordinate complex with coordination geometry between the square-pyramidal and trigonal-bipyramidal. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations including geometry optimization, vibrational frequencies and electronic absorptions have been performed for 1 with the B3LYP functional at the TZP(6-311G*) basis set using the Gaussian 03 or ADF 2009 packages. The optimization calculation showed that the crystallographically determined geometry parameters can be reproduced with that basis set. Experimental IR frequencies and calculated vibration frequencies also support each other. The in vitro antibacterial activities of the ligand and complexes have been evaluated against Gram-positive (B. subtilis and S. aureus) and Gram-negative (P. aeruginosa) bacteria and compared with the standard antibacterial drugs. The results reveal that all of the complexes show much better activity in comparison to the individual thiosemoicarbazone ligand (H2L), against all bacterial strains used, with complex 3 showing the most promising results.

  16. Synthesis and studies on Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) complexes of Knoevenagel β-diketone ligands.

    PubMed

    Sumathi, S; Tharmaraj, P; Sheela, C D; Anitha, C

    2012-11-01

    Transition metal complexes of various acetylacetone based ligands of the type ML [where M=Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II); L=3-(aryl)-pentane-2,4-dione] have been synthesized. The structural features have been derived from their elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductance, IR, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR, Mass and ESR spectral studies. Conductivity measurements reveal that all the complexes are non-electrolytic in nature. Spectroscopic and other analytical data of the complexes suggest octahedral geometry for other metal(II) complexes. The redox behavior of the copper(II) complexes have been studied by cyclic voltammetry. The free ligands and their metal complexes have been screened for their in vitro biological activities against the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus as well as the fungus Candida albicans by well diffusion method. The zone of inhibition value indicates that the most of the metal(II) complexes are found to possess increased activities compared to those of the free ligands. All synthesized compounds may serve as potential photoactive materials as indicated from their characteristic fluorescence properties. The second harmonic generation (SHG) efficiency of the ligands (L1-L3) was found to be considerable effect than that of urea and KDP (potassium dihydrogen phosphate). Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Synthesis and studies on Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) complexes of Knoevenagel β-diketone ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sumathi, S.; Tharmaraj, P.; Sheela, C. D.; Anitha, C.

    2012-11-01

    Transition metal complexes of various acetylacetone based ligands of the type ML [where M = Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II); L = 3-(aryl)-pentane-2,4-dione] have been synthesized. The structural features have been derived from their elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductance, IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR, Mass and ESR spectral studies. Conductivity measurements reveal that all the complexes are non-electrolytic in nature. Spectroscopic and other analytical data of the complexes suggest octahedral geometry for other metal(II) complexes. The redox behavior of the copper(II) complexes have been studied by cyclic voltammetry. The free ligands and their metal complexes have been screened for their in vitro biological activities against the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus as well as the fungus Candida albicans by well diffusion method. The zone of inhibition value indicates that the most of the metal(II) complexes are found to possess increased activities compared to those of the free ligands. All synthesized compounds may serve as potential photoactive materials as indicated from their characteristic fluorescence properties. The second harmonic generation (SHG) efficiency of the ligands (L1-L3) was found to be considerable effect than that of urea and KDP (potassium dihydrogen phosphate).

  18. Spectroscopic and mycological studies of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with 4-aminoantipyrine derivative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Amit Kumar; Chandra, Sulekh

    2011-10-01

    Complexes of the type [M(L)X 2], where M = Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II), have been synthesized with novel NO-donor Schiff's base ligand, 1,4-diformylpiperazine bis(4-imino-2,3-dimethyl-1-phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one) which is obtained by the acid catalyzed condensation of 1,4-diformylpiperazine with 4-aminoantipyrine. The elemental analyses, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR, UV, NMR, mass and EPR studies of the compounds led to the conclusion that the ligand acts as tetradentate chelate. The Schiff's base ligand forms hexacoordinated complexes having octahedral geometry for Ni(II) and tetragonal geometry for Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes. The mycological studies of the compounds were examined against the several opportunistic pathogens, i.e., Alternaria brassicae, Aspergillus niger and Fusarium oxysporum. The Cu(II) complexes were found to have most fungicidal behavior.

  19. Cd(II) and Pb(II) complexes of the polyether ionophorous antibiotic salinomycin

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background The natural polyether ionophorous antibiotics are used for the treatment of coccidiosis in poultry and ruminants. They are effective agents against infections caused by Gram-positive microorganisms. On the other hand, it was found that some of these compounds selectively bind lead(II) ions in in vivo experiments, despite so far no Pb(II)-containing compounds of defined composition have been isolated and characterized. To assess the potential of polyether ionophores as possible antidotes in the agriculture, a detailed study on their in vitro complexation with toxic metal ions is required. In the present paper we report for the first time the preparation and the structure elucidation of salinomycin complexes with ions of cadmium(II) and lead(II). Results New metal(II) complexes of the polyether ionophorous antibiotic salinomycin with Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions were prepared and structurally characterized by IR, FAB-MS and NMR techniques. The spectroscopic information and elemental analysis data reveal that sodium salinomycin (SalNa) undergoes a reaction with heavy metal(II) ions to form [Cd(Sal)2(H2O)2] (1) and [Pb(Sal)(NO3)] (2), respectively. Abstraction of sodium ions from the cavity of the antibiotic is occurring during the complexation reaction. Salinomycin coordinates with cadmium(II) ions as a bidentate monoanionic ligand through the deprotonated carboxylic moiety and one of the hydroxyl groups to yield 1. Two salinomycin anions occupy the equatorial plane of the Cd(II) center, while two water molecules take the axial positions of the inner coordination sphere of the metal(II) cation. Complex 2 consists of monoanionic salinomycin acting in polydentate coordination mode in a molar ratio of 1: 1 to the metal ion with one nitrate ion for charge compensation. Conclusion The formation of the salinomycin heavy metal(II) complexes indicates a possible antidote activity of the ligand in case of chronic/acute intoxications likely to occur in the stock farming

  20. Thiosemicarbazones and Phthalyl-Thiazoles compounds exert antiviral activity against yellow fever virus and Saint Louis encephalitis virus.

    PubMed

    Pacca, Carolina Colombelli; Marques, Rafael Elias; Espindola, José Wanderlan P; Filho, Gevânio B O Oliveira; Leite, Ana Cristina Lima; Teixeira, Mauro Martins; Nogueira, Mauricio L

    2017-03-01

    Arboviruses, arthropod-borneviruses, are frequency associated to human outbreak and represent a serious health problem. The genus Flavivirus, such as Yellow Fever Virus (YFV) and Saint Louis Encephalitis Virus (SLEV), are important pathogens with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Brazil, YFV is maintained in sylvatic cycle, but many cases are notified annually, despite the efficiency of vaccine. SLEV causes an acute encephalitis and is widely distributed in the Americas. There is no specific antiviral drugs for these viruses, only supporting treatment that can alleviate symptoms and prevent complications. Here, we evaluated the potential anti-YFV and SLEV activity of a series of thiosemicarbazones and phthalyl-thiazoles. Plaque reduction assay, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence and cellular viability were used to test the compounds in vitro. Treated cells showed efficient inhibition of the viral replication at concentrations that presented minimal toxicity to cells. The assays showed that phthalyl-thiazole and phenoxymethyl-thiosemicarbazone reduced 60% of YFV replication and 75% of SLEV replication. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Synthesis, structural, optical band gap and biological studies on iron (III), nickel (II), zinc (II) and mercury (II) complexes of benzyl α-monoxime pyridyl thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bedier, R. A.; Yousef, T. A.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.; El-Gammal, O. A.

    2017-07-01

    New ligand, (E)-2-((E)-2-(hydroxyimino)-1,2-diphenylethylidene)-N-(pyridin-2 yl) hydrazinecarbothioamide (H2DPPT) and its complexes [Fe(DPPT)Cl(H2O)], [Ni(H2DPPT)2Cl2], [Zn(HDPPT)(OAc)] and [Hg(HDPPT)Cl](H2O)4 were isolated and characterized by various of physico-chemical techniques. IR spectra show that H2DPPT coordinates to the metal ions as neutral NN bidentate, mononegative NNS tridentate and binegative NNSN tetradentate, respectively. From the modeling studies, the bond length, bond angle, HOMO, LUMO and dipole moment had been calculated to confirm the geometry of the ligands and their investigated complexes. The thermal studies showed the type of water molecules involved in metal complexes Furthermore, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different decomposition steps were calculated using the Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Also, the optical band gap (Eg) has been calculated to elucidate the conductivity of the isolated complexes. The optical transition energy (Eg) is direct and equals 3.34 and 3.44 ev for Ni and Fe complexes, respectively. The ligand and their metal complexes were screened for antibacterial activity against the following bacterial species, Bacillus thuringiensis, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeuroginosa and Escherichia coli. The results revealed that the metal complexes have more potent antibacterial compared with the ligand. Also, the degradation effect of the investigated compounds was tested showing that, Ni complex exhibited powerful and complete degradation effect on DNA.

  2. Coordination behavior of tetraaza [N4] ligand towards Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cu(I) and Pd(II) complexes: Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and anticancer activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Boraey, Hanaa A.

    2012-11-01

    Novel eight Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cu(I) and Pd(II) complexes with [N4] ligand (L) i.e. 2-amino-N-{2-[(2-aminobenzoyl)amino]ethyl}benzamide have been synthesized and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, spectral, thermal (TG/DTG), magnetic, and molar conductivity measurements. On the basis of IR, mass, electronic and EPR spectral studies an octahedral geometry has been proposed for Co(II), Ni(II) complexes and Cu(II) chloride complex, square-pyramidal for Cu(I) bromide complex. For Cu(II) nitrate complex (6), Pd(II) complex (8) square planar geometry was proposed. The EPR data of Cu(II) complexes in powdered form indicate dx2-y2 ground state of Cu(II) ion. The antitumor activity of the synthesized ligand and some selected metal complexes has been studied. The palladium(II) complex (8) was found to display cytotoxicity (IC50 = 25.6 and 41 μM) against human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and human hepatocarcinoma HEPG2 cell line.

  3. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, thermal analysis and electrical conductivity studies of Mg(II), Ca(II), Sr(II) and Ba(II) vitamin B2 complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Refat, Moamen S.; Moussa, Mohamed A. A.; Mohamed, Soha F.

    2011-05-01

    Riboflavin (RF) complexes of Mg(II), Ca(II), Sr(II) and Ba(II) were successfully synthesized. Structures of metal complexes obtained were confirmed and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, and infrared spectra. DC electrical conductivity measurements indicated that the alkaline earth metal (II) complexes of RF ligand are non-electrolytes. Elemental analysis of chelates suggest that the metal(II) ligand ratio is 1:2 with structure formula as [M(RF) 2( X) 2]· nH 2O. Infrared assignments clearly show that RF ligand coordinated as a bidentate feature through azomethine nitrogen of pyrazine ring and C dbnd O of pyrimidine-2,4-dione. Thermal analyses of Mg(II), Ca(II), Sr(II) and Ba(II) complexes were investigated using (TG/DSC) under atmospheric nitrogen between 30 and 800 °C. The surface morphology of the complexes was studied by SEM. The electrical conductivities of RF and its metal complexes were also measured with DC electrical conductivity in the temperature range from room to 483 K.

  4. Vibrational, NMR and UV-visible spectroscopic investigation and NLO studies on benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone using computational calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moorthy, N.; Prabakar, P. C. Jobe; Ramalingam, S.; Pandian, G. V.; Anbusrinivasan, P.

    2016-04-01

    In order to investigate the vibrational, electronic and NLO characteristics of the compound; benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (BTSC), the XRD, FT-IR, FT-Raman, NMR and UV-visible spectra were recorded and were analysed with the calculated spectra by using HF and B3LYP methods with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The XRD results revealed that the stabilized molecular systems were confined in orthorhombic unit cell system. The cause for the change of chemical and physical properties behind the compound has been discussed makes use of Mulliken charge levels and NBO in detail. The shift of molecular vibrational pattern by the fusing of ligand; thiosemicarbazone group with benzaldehyde has been keenly observed. The occurrence of in phase and out of phase molecular interaction over the frontier molecular orbitals was determined to evaluate the degeneracy of the electronic energy levels. The thermodynamical studies of the temperature region 100-1000 K to detect the thermal stabilization of the crystal phase of the compound were investigated. The NLO properties were evaluated by the determination of the polarizability and hyperpolarizability of the compound in crystal phase. The physical stabilization of the geometry of the compound has been explained by geometry deformation analysis.

  5. Structural characterization and antioxidant properties of Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes derived from dicyandiamide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kertmen, Seda Nur; Gonul, Ilyas; Kose, Muhammet

    2018-01-01

    New Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes derived from dicyandiamide were synthesized and characterised by spectroscopic and analytical methods. Molecular structures of the complexes were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. In the complexes, the Cu(II) or Ni(II) ions are four-coordinate with a slight distorted square planar geometry. The ligands (L-nPen and L-iPen) derived from dicyandiamide formed via nucleophilic addition of alcohol solvent molecule in the presence Cu(II) or Ni(II) ions. Complexes were stabilised by intricate array of hydrogen bonding interactions. Antioxidant activity of the complexes was evaluated by DPPH radical scavenging and CUPRAC methods. The complexes exhibit antioxidant activity, however, their activities were much lower than standard antioxidants (Vitamin C and trolox).

  6. Synthesis, characterization and biological activity of complexes of 2-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylacetophenoneoxime (HDMAOX) with copper(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Bibhesh K.; Jetley, Umesh K.; Sharma, Rakesh K.; Garg, Bhagwan S.

    2007-09-01

    A new series of complexes of 2-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl acetophenone oxime (HDMAOX) with Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Pd(II) have been prepared and characterized by different physical techniques. Infrared spectra of the complexes indicate deprotonation and coordination of the phenolic OH. It also confirms that nitrogen atom of the oximino group contributes to the complexation. Electronic spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal square planar geometry for Cu(II), Ni(II) and Pd(II) complexes and tetrahedral geometry for Co(II) complex. The elemental analyses and mass spectral data have justified the ML 2 composition of complexes. Kinetic and thermodynamic parameters were computed from the thermal decomposition data using Coats and Redfern method. The geometry of the metal complexes has been optimized with the help of molecular modeling. The free ligand (HDMAOX) and its metal complexes have been tested in vitro against Alternarie alternate, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus nidulans and Aspergillus niger fungi and Streptococcus, Staph, Staphylococcus and Escherchia coli bacteria in order to assess their antimicrobial potential. The results indicate that the ligand and its metal complexes possess antimicrobial properties.

  7. Synthesis, characterization and biological activity of complexes of 2-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylacetophenoneoxime (HDMAOX) with copper(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II).

    PubMed

    Singh, Bibhesh K; Jetley, Umesh K; Sharma, Rakesh K; Garg, Bhagwan S

    2007-09-01

    A new series of complexes of 2-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl acetophenone oxime (HDMAOX) with Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Pd(II) have been prepared and characterized by different physical techniques. Infrared spectra of the complexes indicate deprotonation and coordination of the phenolic OH. It also confirms that nitrogen atom of the oximino group contributes to the complexation. Electronic spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal square planar geometry for Cu(II), Ni(II) and Pd(II) complexes and tetrahedral geometry for Co(II) complex. The elemental analyses and mass spectral data have justified the ML(2) composition of complexes. Kinetic and thermodynamic parameters were computed from the thermal decomposition data using Coats and Redfern method. The geometry of the metal complexes has been optimized with the help of molecular modeling. The free ligand (HDMAOX) and its metal complexes have been tested in vitro against Alternarie alternate, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus nidulans and Aspergillus niger fungi and Streptococcus, Staph, Staphylococcus and Escherchia coli bacteria in order to assess their antimicrobial potential. The results indicate that the ligand and its metal complexes possess antimicrobial properties.

  8. Synthesis, characterization and deepening in the comprehension of the biological action mechanisms of a new nickel complex with antiproliferative activity.

    PubMed

    Buschini, Annamaria; Pinelli, Silvana; Pellacani, Claudia; Giordani, Federica; Ferrari, Marisa Belicchi; Bisceglie, Franco; Giannetto, Marco; Pelosi, Giorgio; Tarasconi, Pieralberto

    2009-05-01

    Thiosemicarbazones are versatile organic compounds that present considerable pharmaceutical interest because of a wide range of properties. In our laboratory we synthesised some new metal-complexes with thiosemicarbazones derived from natural aldehydes which showed peculiar biological activities. In particular, a nickel complex [Ni(S-tcitr)(2)] (S-tcitr=S-citronellalthiosemicarbazonate) was observed to induce an antiproliferative effect on U937, a human histiocytic lymphoma cell line, at low concentrations (IC(50)=14.4microM). Therefore, we decided to study the interactions of this molecule with various cellular components and to characterise the induced apoptotic pathway. Results showed that [Ni(S-tcitr)(2)] causes programmed cell death via down-regulation of Bcl-2, alteration of mitochondrial membrane potential and caspase-3 activity, regardless of p53 function. The metal complex is not active on G(0) cells (i.e. fresh leukocytes) but is able to induce perturbation of the cell cycle on stimulated lymphocytes and U937 cells, in which a G(2)/M block was detected. It reaches the nucleus where it induces, at low concentrations (2.5-5.0microM), DNA damage, which could be partially ascribed to oxidative stress. [Ni(S-tcitr)(2)] is moreover able to strongly reduce the telomerase activity. Although the biological target of this metal complex is still unknown, the reported data suggest that [Ni(S-tcitr)(2)] could be a good model for the synthesis of new metal thiosemicarbazones with specific biological activity.

  9. Synthesis, characterization, molecular modeling and biological activity of metal complexes derived from (E)-N'-(furan-2-ylmethylene)morpholine-4-carbothiohydrazide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Samanody, El-Sayed A.; Emam, Sanaa M.; Emara, Esam M.

    2017-10-01

    A new series of some biologically active Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes was synthesized from the novel thiosemicarbazone ligand; (E)-N'-(furan-2-ylmethylene)morpholine-4-carbothiohydrazide (HL). Elemental, spectral, thermal analyses, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity measurements were used to elucidate the structure of separated compounds. The data prove that the ligand reacts with all metal ions in a neutral thione form. The electrolytic tetra-coordinate Cu(II); Zn(II) complexes (5, 6; 10) bind through the thione sulfur, furfural oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms of the ligand (NSO type) to construct fused five membered rings. However, the rest non-electrolyte octahedral complexes chelate via the furfural oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms of the ligand (NO type). Molecular modeling was conducted for the ligand and two representative complexes (1, 5) in order to substantiate their chemical structures. Thermal analyses are compatible with molecular modeling studies to support the proposed thermal decomposition pathways of metal complexes which start with the rupture of the long and weak N-NH bond. The thermal stability of metal complexes varies according to the number of solvents of crystallization, ionic radii and steric effect of anions. The ESR spectra of Cu(II) complexes are compatible with a primarily (dx2-y2)1 ground state with axial symmetry. The ligand and its Co(II); Cu(II); Cd(II) complexes (1; 5, 8; 11) along with their mixtures with metaldehyde were screened in vitro for their molluscicidal activity against Eobania vermiculata. Combination with metaldehyde enhances the toxicity effect of the tested compounds through reducing the period required for mortality and increasing the percentage of mortality after 24 h of treatments. The tested compounds gathered with metaldehyde are strongly affecting on the activity of ACP and ALP enzymes and TP content which are very important factors in the mucous secretion of Eobania

  10. Structural, spectroscopic and thermal characterization of 2-tert-butylaminomethylpyridine-6-carboxylic acid methylester and its Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and UO(2)(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Mohamed, Gehad G; El-Gamel, Nadia E A

    2005-04-01

    Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and UO(2)(II) complexes with the ligand 2-tert-butylaminomethylpyridine-6-carboxylic acid methylester (HL(2)) have been prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, magnetic moment, thermal analysis and spectral data. 1:1 M:HL(2) complexes, with the general formula [M(HL(2))X(2)].nH(2)O (where M = Co(II) (X = Cl, n = 0), Ni(II) (X = Cl, n = 3), Cu(II) (grey colour, X = AcO, n = 1), Cu(II) (yellow colour, X = Cl, n = 0) and Zn(II) (X = Br, n = 0). In addition, the Fe(III) and UO(2)(II) complexes of the type 1:2 M:HL(2) and with the formulae [Fe(L(2))(2)]Cl and [UO(2)(HL(2))(2)](NO(3))(2) are prepared. From the IR data, it is seen that HL(2) ligand behaves as a terdentate ligand coordinated to the metal ions via the pyridyl N, carboxylate O and protonated NH group; except the Fe(III) complex, it coordinates via the deprotonated NH group. This is supported by the molar conductance data, which show that all the complexes are non-electrolytes, while the Fe(III) and UO(2)(II) complexes are 1:1 electrolytes. IR and H1-NMR spectral studies suggest a similar behaviour of the Zn(II) complex in solid and solution states. From the solid reflectance spectral data and magnetic moment measurements, the complexes have a trigonal bipyramidal (Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes) and octahedral (Fe(III), UO(2)(II) complexes) geometrical structures. The thermal behaviour of the complexes is studied and the different dynamic parameters are calculated applying Coats-Redfern equation.

  11. Microwave gallium-68 radiochemistry for kinetically stable bis(thiosemicarbazone) complexes: structural investigations and cellular uptake under hypoxia† †Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. CCDC 1001632–1001634. For ESI and crystallographic data in CIF or other electronic format see DOI: 10.1039/c5dt02537k Click here for additional data file. Click here for additional data file.

    PubMed Central

    Alam, Israt S.; Arrowsmith, Rory L.; Cortezon-Tamarit, Fernando; Twyman, Frazer; Kociok-Köhn, Gabriele; Botchway, Stanley W.; Dilworth, Jonathan R.

    2016-01-01

    We report the microwave synthesis of several bis(thiosemicarbazones) and the rapid gallium-68 incorporation to give the corresponding metal complexes. These proved kinetically stable under ‘cold’ and ‘hot’ biological assays and were investigated using laser scanning confocal microscopy, flow cytometry and radioactive cell retention studies under normoxia and hypoxia. 68Ga complex retention was found to be 34% higher in hypoxic cells than in normoxic cells over 30 min, further increasing to 53% at 120 min. Our data suggests that this class of gallium complexes show hypoxia selectivity suitable for imaging in living cells and in vivo tests by microPET in nude athymic mice showed that they are excreted within 1 h of their administration. PMID:26583314

  12. Characterization and biological studies on Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of carbohydrazones ending by pyridyl ring.

    PubMed

    Abu El-Reash, G M; El-Gammal, O A; Ghazy, S E; Radwan, A H

    2013-03-01

    The chelating behavior of ligands based on carbohydrazone core modified with pyridine end towards Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) ions have been examined. The ligands derived from the condensation of carbohydrazide with 2-acetylpyridine (H(2)APC) and 4-acetylpyridine (H(2)APEC). The (1)H NMR, IR data and the binding energy calculations of H(2)APC revealed the presence of two stereoisomers syn and anti in the solid state and in the solution. The (1)H NMR, IR data and the binding energy calculations confirmed the presence of H(2)APEC in one keto form only in the solid state and in the solution. The spectroscopic data confirmed that H(2)APC behaves as a monobasic pentadentate in Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes and as mononegative tetradentate in Ni(II) complex. On the other hand, H(2)APEC acts as a mononegative tridentate in Co(II) complex, neutral tridentate in Ni(II) complex and neutral bidentate in Cu(II) complex. The electronic spectra and the magnetic measurements of complexes as well as the ESR of the copper complexes suggested the octahedral geometry. The bond length and bond angles were evaluated by DFT method using material studio program. The thermal behavior and the kinetic parameters of degradation were determined using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. The antioxidant (DDPH and ABTS methods), anti-hemolytic and in vitro Ehrlich ascites of the compounds have been screened. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Anticancer, antibacterial and antifungal activity of new ni (ii) and cu (ii) complexes of imidazole-phenanthroline derivatives.

    PubMed

    Moghadam, Mahboube Eslami; Divsalar, Adeleh; Zare, Marziye Shahraki; Gholizadeh, Roghayeh; Mahalleh, Doran; Saghatforosh, Lotfali; Sanati, Soheila

    2017-11-02

    Two new nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes of 2-(Furan-2-yl)-1H-Imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]Phenanthroline (FIP) and 2-(thiophen-2-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline (TIP), imidazophen derivatives were synthesized. The structures of the compounds were determined by UV-visible and FT-IR spectroscopic methods and elemental analysis. The biological activities of Ni and Cu complexes, as anticancer agents, were tested against chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line, K562, at micromolar concentration. The MTT studies showed Cc 50 values are 21 and 160 µM for Cu and Ni(II) complexes, respectively; suggesting that Ni (II) complex has Cc 50 almost seven times of that obtained for cisplatin. Biological activity of the Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes were also assayed against selective microorganisms by disc diffusion method. These results showed that the Cu(II) complex is antifungal agent but Ni(II) complex has antibacterial activity.

  14. Electrochemical studies of DNA interaction and antimicrobial activities of MnII, FeIII, CoII and NiII Schiff base tetraazamacrocyclic complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Anuj; Vashistha, Vinod Kumar; Tevatia, Prashant; Singh, Randhir

    2017-04-01

    Tetraazamacrocyclic complexes of MnII, FeIII, CoII and NiII have been synthesized by template method. These tetraazamacrocycles have been analyzed with various techniques like molar conductance, IR, UV-vis, mass spectral and cyclic voltammetric studies. On the basis of all these studies, octahedral geometry has been assigned to these tetraazamacrocyclic complexes. The DNA binding properties of these macrocyclic complexes have been investigated by electronic absorption spectra, fluorescence spectra, cyclic voltammetric and differential pulse voltammetric studies. The cyclic voltammetric data showed that ipc and ipa were effectively decreased in the presence of calf thymus DNA, which is a strong evidence for the interaction of these macrocyclic complexes with the calf thymus DNA (ct-DNA). The heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant found in the order: KCoII > KNiII > KMnII which indicates that CoII macrocyclic complex has formed a strong intercalated intermediate. The Stern-Volmer quenching constant (KSV) and voltammetric binding constant were found in the order KSV(CoII) > KSV(NiII) > KSV(MnII) and K+(CoII) > K+(NiII) > K+(MnII) which shows that CoII macrocyclic complex exhibits the high interaction affinity towards ct-DNA by the intercalation binding. Biological studies of the macrocyclic complexes compared with the standard drug like Gentamycin, have shown antibacterial activities against E. coli, P. aeruginosa, B. cereus, S. aureus and antifungal activity against C. albicans.

  15. Crystal structure of mitochondrial respiratory membrane protein complex II.

    PubMed

    Sun, Fei; Huo, Xia; Zhai, Yujia; Wang, Aojin; Xu, Jianxing; Su, Dan; Bartlam, Mark; Rao, Zihe

    2005-07-01

    The mitochondrial respiratory Complex II or succinate:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (SQR) is an integral membrane protein complex in both the tricarboxylic acid cycle and aerobic respiration. Here we report the first crystal structure of Complex II from porcine heart at 2.4 A resolution and its complex structure with inhibitors 3-nitropropionate and 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTFA) at 3.5 A resolution. Complex II is comprised of two hydrophilic proteins, flavoprotein (Fp) and iron-sulfur protein (Ip), and two transmembrane proteins (CybL and CybS), as well as prosthetic groups required for electron transfer from succinate to ubiquinone. The structure correlates the protein environments around prosthetic groups with their unique midpoint redox potentials. Two ubiquinone binding sites are discussed and elucidated by TTFA binding. The Complex II structure provides a bona fide model for study of the mitochondrial respiratory system and human mitochondrial diseases related to mutations in this complex.

  16. Fe (III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of schiff bases based-on glycine and phenylalanine: Synthesis, magnetic/thermal properties and antimicrobial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sevgi, Fatih; Bagkesici, Ugur; Kursunlu, Ahmed Nuri; Guler, Ersin

    2018-02-01

    Zinc (II), copper (II), nickel (II), cobalt (II) and iron (III) complexes of Schiff bases (LG, LP) derived from 2-hydroxynaphthaldehyde with glycine and phenylalanine were reported and characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, elemental analyses, melting point, FT-IR, magnetic susceptibility and thermal analyses (TGA). TGA data show that iron and cobalt include to the coordinated water and metal:ligand ratio is 1:2 while the complex stoichiometry for Ni (II), Cu (II) and Zn (II) complexes is 1:1. As expected, Ni (II) and Zn (II) complexes are diamagnetic; Cu (II), Co (II) and Fe (III) complexes are paramagnetic character due to a strong ligand of LG and LP. The LG, LP and their metal complexes were screened for their antimicrobial activities against five Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Bacillus cereus, Streptococcus mutans and Enterococcus faecalis) and three Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and one fungi (Candida albicans) by using broth microdilution techniques. The activity data show that ligands and their metal complexes exhibited moderate to good activity against Gram-positive bacteria and fungi.

  17. Syntheses, structures, and properties of trinuclear complexes [M(bpca)(2)(M'(hfac)(2))(2)], constructed with the complexed bridging ligand [M(bpca)(2)] [M, M' = Ni(II), Mn(II); Cu(II), Mn(II); Fe(II), Mn(II); Ni(II), Fe(II); and Fe(II), Fe(II); Hbpca = Bis(2-pyridylcarbonyl)amine, Hhfac = Hexafluoroacetylacetone].

    PubMed

    Kamiyama, Asako; Noguchi, Tomoko; Kajiwara, Takashi; Ito, Tasuku

    2002-02-11

    Five trinuclear complexes [M(bpca)(2)(M'(hfac)(2))(2)] (where MM'(2) = NiMn(2), CuMn(2), FeMn(2), NiFe(2), and FeFe(2); Hbpca = bis(2-pyridylcarbonyl)amine; and Hhfac = hexafluoroacetylacetone) were synthesized almost quantitatively by the reaction of [M(bpca)(2)] and [M'(hfac)(2)] in 1:2 molar ratio, and their structures and magnetic properties were investigated. Three complexes, with M' = Mn, crystallize in the same space group, Pna2(1), whereas two complexes, with M' = Fe, crystallize in P4(1), and complexes within each set are isostructural to one another. In all complexes, [M(bpca)(2)] acts as a bis-bidentate bridging ligand to form a linear trinuclear complex in which three metal ions are arranged in the manner M'-M-M'. The central metal ion is in a strong ligand field created by the N(6) donor set, and hence the Fe(II) in the [Fe(bpca)(2)] moiety is in a low-spin state. The terminal metal ions (M') are surrounded by O(6) donor sets with a moderate ligand field, which leads to the high-spin configuration of Fe(II). Three metal ions in all complexes are almost collinear, and metal-metal distances are ca. 5.5 A. The magnetic behavior of NiMn(2) and NiFe(2) shows a weak ferromagnetic interaction between the central Ni(II) ion and the terminal Mn(II) or Fe(II) ions. In these complexes, sigma-spin orbitals of the central Ni(II) ion and those of terminal metal ions have different symmetry about a 2-fold rotation axis through the Ni-N(amide)-M'(terminal) atoms, and this results in orthogonality between the neighboring sigma-spin orbitals and thus ferromagnetic interactions.

  18. Free metal ion depletion by "Good's" buffers. III. N-(2-acetamido)iminodiacetic acid, 2:1 complexes with zinc(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), and copper(II); amide deprotonation by Zn(II), Co(II), and Cu(II).

    PubMed

    Lance, E A; Rhodes, C W; Nakon, R

    1983-09-01

    Potentiometric, visible, infrared, electron spin, and nuclear magnetic resonance studies of the complexation of N-(2-acetamido)iminodiacetic acid (H2ADA) by Ca(II), Mg(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) are reported. Ca(II) and Mg(II) were found not to form 2:1 ADA2- to M(II) complexes, while Mn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II), and Co(II) did form 2:1 metal chelates at or below physiological pH values. Co(II) and Zn(II), but not Cu(II), were found to induce stepwise deprotonation of the amide groups to form [M(H-1ADA)4-(2)]. Formation (affinity) constants for the various metal complexes are reported, and the probable structures of the various metal chelates in solution are discussed on the basis of various spectral data.

  19. [Synthesis and biological activity of 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazone analogs. 1. Substitution at the S atom].

    PubMed

    Schulze, W; Gutsche, W; Wohlrabe, K; Fleck, W; Tresselt, D

    1985-08-01

    The synthesis of S-substituted derivatives of 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazone is described. The obtained 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-S-alkyl (resp. aralkyl)-isothiosemicarbazones, in comparison with the unsubstituted standard compound, showed a significantly decreased biological activity against the murine leukemias L 1210 and P 388 as well as against the growth of several kinds of bacteria. Therefore the S-substitution seems not to be useful for reaching a maximum activity.

  20. A New Thiosemicarbazone-Based Fluorescence "Turn-on" Sensor for Zn(2+) Recognition with a Large Stokes Shift and its Application in Live Cell Imaging.

    PubMed

    Tang, Lijun; Huang, Zhenlong; Zheng, Zhuxuan; Zhong, Keli; Bian, Yanjiang

    2016-09-01

    Selective fluorescence turn on Zn(2+) sensor with long-wavelength emission and a large Stokes shift is highly desirable in Zn(2+) sensing area. We reported herein the synthesis and Zn(2+) recognition properties of a new thiosemicarbazone-based fluorescent sensor L. L displays high selectivity and sensitivity toward Zn(2+) over other metal ions in DMSO-H2O (1:1, v/v, HEPES 10 mM, pH = 7.4) solution with a long-wavelength emission at 572 nm and a large Stokes shift of 222 nm. Confocal fluorescence microscopy experiments demonstrate that L is cell-permeable and capable of monitoring intracellular Zn(2+). Graphical Abstract We report a new thiosemicarbazone-based fluorescent sensor (L) for selective recognition of Zn(2+) with a long wavelength emission and a large Stokes shift.

  1. Synthesis, characterization, DFT calculations and biological studies of Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) complexes based on a tetradentate ONNO donor Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel-Rahman, Laila H.; Ismail, Nabawia M.; Ismael, Mohamed; Abu-Dief, Ahmed M.; Ahmed, Ebtehal Abdel-Hameed

    2017-04-01

    This study highlights synthesis and characterization of a tetradentate ONNO Schiff base ligand namely (1, 1‧- (pyridine-2, 3-dimethyliminomethyl) naphthalene-2, 2‧-diol) and hereafter denotes as "HNDAP″ and selected metal complexes including Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) as a central metal. HNDAP was synthesized from 1:2 M ratio condensation of 2, 3-diaminopyridine and 2- hydroxy-1-naphthaldhyde, respectively. The stoichiometric ratios of the prepared complexes were estimated using complementary techniques such as; elemental analyses (-C, H, N), FT-IR, magnetic measurements and molar conductivity. Furthermore, their physicochemical studies were carried out using thermal TGA, DTA and kinetic-thermodynamic studies along with DFT calculations. The results of elemental analyses showed that these complexes are present in a 1:1 metal-to- ligand molar ratio. Moreover, the magnetic susceptibilities values at room temperature revealed that Mn(II), Fe(II) and Co(II) complexes are paramagnetic in nature and have an octahedral (Oh) geometry. In contrast, Cd(II) is diamagnetic and stabilizes in square planar sites. The molar conductivity measurements indicated that all complexes are nonelectrolytes in dimethyl formamide. Spectral data suggested that the ligand is as tetradentate and coordinated with Co(II) ion through two phenolic OH and two azomethine nitrogen. However, for Mn(II), Fe(II) and Cd(II) complexes, the coordination occurred through two phenolic oxygen and two azomethine nitrogen with deprotonation of OH groups. The proposed chemical structures have been validated by quantum mechanics calculations. Antimicrobial activities of both the HNDAP Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes were tested against strains of Gram (-ve) E. coli and Gram (+ve) B. subtilis and S. aureus bacteria and C. albicans, A. flavus and T. rubrum fungi. All the prepared compounds showed good results of inhibition against the selected pathogenic microorganisms. The investigated

  2. Design, syntheses, characterization, and cytotoxicity studies of novel heterobinuclear oxindolimine copper(II)-platinum(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Aranda, Esther Escribano; Matias, Tiago Araújo; Araki, Koiti; Vieira, Adriana Pires; de Mattos, Elaine Andrade; Colepicolo, Pio; Luz, Carolina Portela; Marques, Fábio Luiz Navarro; da Costa Ferreira, Ana Maria

    2016-12-01

    Herein, the design and syntheses of two new mononuclear oxindolimine-copper(II) (1 and 2) and corresponding heterobinuclear oxindolimine Cu(II)Pt(II) complexes (3 and 4), are described. All the isolated complexes were characterized by spectroscopic techniques (UV/Vis, IR, EPR), in addition to elemental analysis and mass spectrometry. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements showed that in all cases, one-electron quasi-reversible waves were observed, and ascribed to the formation of corresponding copper(I) complexes. Additionally, waves related to oxindolimine ligand reduction was verified, and confirmed using analogous oxindolimine-Zn(II) complexes. The Pt(IV/II) reduction, and corresponding oxidation, for complexes 3 and 4 occurred at very close values to those observed for cisplatin. By complementary fluorescence studies, it was shown that glutathione (GSH) cannot reduce any of these complexes, under the experimental conditions (room temperature, phosphate buffer 50mM, pH7.4), using an excess of 20-fold [GSH]. All these complexes showed characteristic EPR spectral profile, with parameters values g ǁ >g ⊥ suggesting an axially distorted environment around the copper(II) center. Interactions with calf thymus-DNA, monitored by circular dichroism (CD), indicated different effects modulated by the ligands. Finally, the cytotoxicity of each complex was tested toward different tumor cells, in comparison to cisplatin, and low values of IC 50 in the range 0.6 to 4.0μM were obtained, after 24 or 48h incubation at 37°C. The obtained results indicate that such complexes can be promising alternative antitumor agents. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, first order nonlinear optical properties and DFT calculations of novel Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with 1,3-diphenyl-4-phenylazo-5-pyrazolone ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel-Latif, Samir A.; Mohamed, Adel A.

    2018-02-01

    Novel Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) metal ions with 1,3-diphenyl-4-phenylazo-5-pyrazolone (L) have been prepared and characterized using different analytical and spectroscopic techniques. 1:1 Complexes of Mn(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) are distorted octahedral whereas Ni(II) complex is square planar and Cu(II) is distorted trigonal bipyramid. 1:2 Complexes of Mn(II), Co(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) are distorted trigonal bipyramid whereas Ni(II) complex is distorted tetrahedral. All complexes behave as non-ionic in dimethyl formamide (DMF). The electronic structure and nonlinear optical parameters (NLO) of the complexes were investigated theoretically at the B3LYP/GEN level of theory. Molecular stability and bond strengths have been investigated by applying natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis. The geometries of the studied complexes are non-planner. DFT calculations have been also carried out to calculate the global properties; hardness (η), global softness (S) and electronegativity (χ). The calculated small energy gap between HOMO and LUMO energies shows that the charge transfer occurs within the complexes. The total static dipole moment (μtot), the mean polarizability (<α>), the anisotropy of the polarizability (Δα) and the mean first-order hyperpolarizability (<β>) were calculated and compared with urea as a reference material. The complexes show implying optical properties.

  4. Electrochemistry of mixed-metal bimetallic complexes containing the pentacyanoferrate(II) or pentaammineruthenium(II) metal center

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Moore, K.J.; Lee, L.; Mabbott, G.A.

    1983-03-30

    The electrochemistry of a series of mixed-metal bimetallic complexes of the type B/sub 5/MLM'B'/sub 5/, where B/sub 5/M = (CNN)/sub 5/Fe/sup II/ or (NH/sub 3/)/sub 5/Ru/sup II/, L = pyrazine, 4,4'-bipyridine, or 4-cyanopyridine, M'B'/sub 5/ = Rh/sup III/(NH/sub 3/)/sub 5/ or Co/sup III/(CN)/sub 5/, is reported. The bimetallic complexes all have metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) bands associated with the M-B unit (d/sub ..pi../M ..-->.. p/sub ..pi../*L). The effect of the remote metal center, M'B'/sub 5/, is to function as a Lewis acid, shifting the MLCT maximum to lower energy and shifting the M/sup III///sup II/ reduction potential more positive with respectmore » to free B/sub 5/ML. The remote metal influence is attenuated by longer bridging ligands and by reduced ..pi..-overlap. A comparison of the electrochemical data of the mixed-valence Fe(II)/Fe(III) and Ru(II)/Ru(III) complexes to the mixed-metal Fe(II)/Co(III) and Ru(II)/Rh(III) complexes has enabled a quantitative measure of the stabilization due to electron delocalization in the mixed-valence complexes. The results show that electron delocalization is greater for the ruthenium complexes than for the iron complexes, is a small contributor to the total stabilization of the mixed-valence state, and even in ruthenium drops off rapidly as the length of the bridge increases.« less

  5. Novel heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones derivatives as colorimetric and "turn on" fluorescent sensors for fluoride anion sensing employing hydrogen bonding.

    PubMed

    Ashok Kumar, S L; Saravana Kumar, M; Sreeja, P B; Sreekanth, A

    2013-09-01

    Two novel heterocyclic thiosemicarbazone derivatives have been synthesized, and characterized, by means of spectroscopic and single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Their chromophoric-fluorogenic response towards anions in competing solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was studied. The receptor shows selective recognition towards fluoride anion. The binding affinity of the receptors with fluoride anion was calculated using UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Synthesis, physicochemical and optical properties of bis-thiosemicarbazone functionalized graphene oxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Santosh; Wani, Mohmmad Y.; Arranja, Claudia T.; Castro, Ricardo A. E.; Paixão, José A.; Sobral, Abilio J. F. N.

    2018-01-01

    Fluorescent materials are important for low-cost opto-electronic and biomedical sensor devices. In this study we present the synthesis and characterization of graphene modified with bis-thiosemicarbazone (BTS). This new material was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) and Raman spectroscopy techniques. Further evaluation by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic-force microscopy (AFM) allowed us to fully characterize the morphology of the fabricated material. The average height of the BTSGO sheet is around 10 nm. Optical properties of BTSGO evaluated by photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy showed red shift at different excitation wavelength compared to graphene oxide or bisthiosemicarbazide alone. These results strongly suggest that BTSGO material could find potential applications in graphene based optoelectronic devices.

  7. Neuroprotective Effects and Mechanisms of Curcumin-Cu(II) and -Zn(II) Complexes Systems and Their Pharmacological Implications.

    PubMed

    Yan, Fa-Shun; Sun, Jian-Long; Xie, Wen-Hai; Shen, Liang; Ji, Hong-Fang

    2017-12-28

    Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the main form of dementia and has a steadily increasing prevalence. As both oxidative stress and metal homeostasis are involved in the pathogenesis of AD, it would be interesting to develop a dual function agent, targeting the two factors. Curcumin, a natural compound isolated from the rhizome of Curcuma longa , is an antioxidant and can also chelate metal ions. Whether the complexes of curcumin with metal ions possess neuroprotective effects has not been evaluated. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the protective effects of the complexes of curcumin with Cu(II) or Zn(II) on hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)-induced injury and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The use of rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells, a widely used neuronal cell model system, was adopted. It was revealed that curcumin-Cu(II) complexes systems possessed enhanced O₂ ·- -scavenging activities compared to unchelated curcumin. In comparison with unchelated curcumin, the protective effects of curcumin-Cu(II) complexes systems were stronger than curcumin-Zn(II) system. Curcumin-Cu(II) or -Zn(II) complexes systems significantly enhanced the superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities and attenuated the increase of malondialdehyde levels and caspase-3 and caspase-9 activities, in a dose-dependent manner. The curcumin-Cu(II) complex system with a 2:1 ratio exhibited the most significant effect. Further mechanistic study demonstrated that curcumin-Cu(II) or -Zn(II) complexes systems inhibited cell apoptosis via downregulating the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway and upregulating Bcl-2/Bax pathway. In summary, the present study found that curcumin-Cu(II) or -Zn(II) complexes systems, especially the former, possess significant neuroprotective effects, which indicates the potential advantage of curcumin as a promising agent against AD and deserves further study.

  8. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and biological activities of N4O2 Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Resayes, Saud I.; Shakir, Mohammad; Abbasi, Ambreen; Amin, Kr. Mohammad Yusuf; Lateef, Abdul

    The Schiff base ligand, bis(indoline-2-one)triethylenetetramine (L) obtained from condensation of triethylenetetramine and isatin was used to synthesize the complexes of type, [ML]Cl2 [M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)]. L was characterized on the basis of the results of elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR, mass spectroscopic studies. The stoichiometry, bonding and stereochemistries of complexes were ascertained on the basis of results of elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility values, molar conductance and various spectroscopic studies. EPR, UV-vis and magnetic moments revealed an octahedral geometry for complexes. L and its Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity. Analgesic activity of Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes was also tested in rats by tail flick method. Both complexes were found to possess good antibacterial and moderate analgesic activity.

  9. Platinum(II) acetate complexes in hydrogenation of unsaturated compounds

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Berenblyum, A.S.; Goranskaya, T.P.; Mund, S.L.

    1979-12-20

    In order to further elucidate the effect of the ligand environment in the complexes of group VIII metals on the activity of H/sub 2/, the catalytic properties of Pt(II) compounds with oxygen-containing acido ligands was studied. The platinum(II) acetate complexes with aniline and triphenylphosphine were synthesized. IR spectral studies indicated that platinum(II) acetate formed complexes with either of the other compounds singly or together. Dimethylformamide(DMF) solutions of platinum acetate and its complexes with aniline and/or triphenylphosphine all absorb H/sub 2/ in the temperature range of 20 to 90/sup 0/C and at a H/sub 2/ pressure of 1 atm. After themore » absorption of H/sub 2/, the DMF solutions of (aniline)(triphenylphosphine)platinum(II)diacetate complex were found to catalyze the hydrogenaton of O/sub 2/ and 1,3-pentadiene.« less

  10. Structural Determination of a Transcribing RNA Polymerase II Complex

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-05-01

    A be extended and evaluated by the solution of pol II cocrystal structures, with the use of the pol II model for molecular replacement. Co- crystals...with TFIIB and TFIIE (78) should reveal the trajectory of DNA in the initial pol - II-promoter complex. Cocrystals containing pol II in the act of...transcription (79) will show the locations of nucleic acids in an elongation complex. Cocrystals with TFIIS (80) may indicate the proposed exit pathway

  11. The Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid - Synthesis and structural studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drzewiecka-Antonik, Aleksandra; Ferenc, Wiesława; Wolska, Anna; Klepka, Marcin T.; Cristóvão, Beata; Sarzyński, Jan; Rejmak, Paweł; Osypiuk, Dariusz

    2017-01-01

    The Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) were synthesized and structurally characterized. The geometry of metal-ligand interaction was refined using XAFS and DFT studies. The Co(2,4-D)2·6H2O and Ni(2,4-D)2·4H2O complexes have octahedral geometry with two carboxylate groups of 2,4-D anions and four water molecules in the coordination sphere. The square planar geometry around metal cations formed by the carboxylate groups from two monodentate ligands and two water molecules, is observed for Cu(2,4-D)2·4H2O complex. In the recrystallized Ni(II) complex dinuclear 'Chinese lantern' structures with bridging carboxylate groups of 2,4-D were observed.

  12. 9-Triptycenecarboxylate-Bridged Diiron(II) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Friedle, Simone; Kodanko, Jeremy J.; Fornace, Kyrstin L.; Lippard, Stephen J.

    2008-01-01

    The synthesis and characterization of diiron(II) complexes supported by 9-triptycenecarboxylate ligands (-O2CTrp) is described. The interlocking nature of the triptycenecarboxylates facilitates formation of quadruply bridged diiron(II) complexes of the type [Fe2(μ-O2CTrp)4(L)2] (L = THF, pyridine or imidazole derivative) with a paddlewheel geometry. A systematic lengthening of the Fe-Fe distance occurs with the increase in steric bulk of the neutral donor L, resulting in values of up to 3 Å without disassembly of the paddlewheel structure. Reactions with an excess of water do not lead to decomposition of the diiron(II) core, indicating that these quadruply bridged complexes are of exceptional stability. The red-colored complexes [Fe2(μ-O2CTrp)4(4-AcPy)2] (10) and [Fe2(μ-O2CTrp)4(4-CNPy)2] (11) exhibit solvent-dependent thermochromism in coordinating solvents that was studied by variable temperature UV-vis spectroscopy. Reaction of [Fe2(μ-O2CTrp)4(THF)2] with N,N,N’,N’-tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA), tetra-n-butyl ammonium thiocyanate, or excess 2-methylimidazole resulted in the formation of mononuclear complexes [Fe(O2CTrp)2(TMEDA)] (13), (n-Bu4N)2[Fe(O2CTrp)2(SCN)2] (14), and [Fe(O2CTrp)2(2-MeIm)2] (15) having an O4/N2 coordination sphere composition. PMID:19915653

  13. Syntheses, structures, and properties of imidazolate-bridged Cu(II)-Cu(II) and Cu(II)-Zn(II) dinuclear complexes of a single macrocyclic ligand with two hydroxyethyl pendants.

    PubMed

    Li, Dongfeng; Li, Shuan; Yang, Dexi; Yu, Jiuhong; Huang, Jin; Li, Yizhi; Tang, Wenxia

    2003-09-22

    The imidazolate-bridged homodinuclear Cu(II)-Cu(II) complex, [(CuimCu)L]ClO(4).0.5H(2)O (1), and heterodinuclear Cu(II)-Zn(II) complex, [(CuimZnL(-)(2H))(CuimZnL(-)(H))](ClO(4))(3) (2), of a single macrocyclic ligand with two hydroxyethyl pendants, L (L = 3,6,9,16,19,22-hexaaza-6,19-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)tricyclo[22,2,2,2(11,14)]triaconta-1,11,13,24,27,29-hexaene), have been synthesized as possible models for copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu(2),Zn(2)-SOD). Their crystal structures analyzed by X-ray diffraction methods have shown that the structures of the two complexes are markedly different. Complex 1 crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, containing an imidazolate-bridged dicopper(II) [Cu-im-Cu](3+) core, in which the two copper(II) ions are pentacoordinated by virtue of an N4O environment with a Cu.Cu distance of 5.999(2) A, adopting the geometry of distorted trigonal bipyramid and tetragonal pyramid, respectively. Complex 2 crystallizes in the triclinic system, containing two similar Cu-im-Zn cores in the asymmetric unit, in which both the Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions are pentacoordinated in a distorted trigonal bipyramid geometry, with the Cu.Zn distance of 5.950(1)/5.939(1) A, respectively. Interestingly, the macrocyclic ligand with two arms possesses a chairlike (anti) conformation in complex 1, but a boatlike (syn) conformation in complex 2. Magnetic measurements and ESR spectroscopy of complex 1 have revealed the presence of an antiferromagnetic exchange interaction between the two Cu(II) ions. The ESR spectrum of the Cu(II)-Zn(II) heterodinuclear complex 2 displayed a typical signal for mononuclear trigonal bipyramidal Cu(II) complexes. From pH-dependent ESR and electronic spectroscopic studies, the imidazolate bridges in the two complexes have been found to be stable over broad pH ranges. The cyclic voltammograms of the two complexes have been investigated. Both of the two complexes can catalyze the dismutation of superoxide and show rather high activity.

  14. Studies on Some Biologically Cobalt(II), Copper(II) and Zinc(II) Complexes With ONO, NNO and SNO Donor Pyrazinoylhydrazine-Derived Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Praveen, Marapaka; Sherazi, Syed K. A.

    1998-01-01

    Biologically active complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with novel ONO, NNO and SNO donor pyrazinoylhydrazine-derived compounds have been prepared and characterized on the basis of analytical data and various physicochemical studies. Distorted octahedral structures for all the complexes have been proposed. The synthesized ligands and their complexes have been screened for their antibacterial activity against bacterial species Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumonae. The activity data show the metal complexes to be more active than the parent free ligands against one or more bacterial species. PMID:18475857

  15. Dinuclear complexes containing linear M-F-M [M = Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II)] bridges: trends in structures, antiferromagnetic superexchange interactions, and spectroscopic properties.

    PubMed

    Reger, Daniel L; Pascui, Andrea E; Smith, Mark D; Jezierska, Julia; Ozarowski, Andrew

    2012-11-05

    The reaction of M(BF(4))(2)·xH(2)O, where M is Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II), with the new ditopic ligand m-bis[bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methyl]benzene (L(m)*) leads to the formation of monofluoride-bridged dinuclear metallacycles of the formula [M(2)(μ-F)(μ-L(m)*)(2)](BF(4))(3). The analogous manganese(II) species, [Mn(2)(μ-F)(μ-L(m)*)(2)](ClO(4))(3), was isolated starting with Mn(ClO(4))(2)·6H(2)O using NaBF(4) as the source of the bridging fluoride. In all of these complexes, the geometry around the metal centers is trigonal bipyramidal, and the fluoride bridges are linear. The (1)H, (13)C, and (19)F NMR spectra of the zinc(II) and cadmium(II) compounds and the (113)Cd NMR of the cadmium(II) compound indicate that the metallacycles retain their structure in acetonitrile and acetone solution. The compounds with M = Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) are antiferromagnetically coupled, although the magnitude of the coupling increases dramatically with the metal as one moves to the right across the periodic table: Mn(II) (-6.7 cm(-1)) < Fe(II) (-16.3 cm(-1)) < Co(II) (-24.1 cm(-1)) < Ni(II) (-39.0 cm(-1)) ≪ Cu(II) (-322 cm(-1)). High-field EPR spectra of the copper(II) complexes were interpreted using the coupled-spin Hamiltonian with g(x) = 2.150, g(y) = 2.329, g(z) = 2.010, D = 0.173 cm(-1), and E = 0.089 cm(-1). Interpretation of the EPR spectra of the iron(II) and manganese(II) complexes required the spin Hamiltonian using the noncoupled spin operators of two metal ions. The values g(x) = 2.26, g(y) = 2.29, g(z) = 1.99, J = -16.0 cm(-1), D(1) = -9.89 cm(-1), and D(12) = -0.065 cm(-1) were obtained for the iron(II) complex and g(x) = g(y) = g(z) = 2.00, D(1) = -0.3254 cm(-1), E(1) = -0.0153, J = -6.7 cm(-1), and D(12) = 0.0302 cm(-1) were found for the manganese(II) complex. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the exchange integrals and the zero-field splitting on manganese(II) and iron(II) ions were performed

  16. Respiratory chain complex II as general sensor for apoptosis.

    PubMed

    Grimm, Stefan

    2013-05-01

    I review here the evidence that complex II of the respiratory chain (RC) constitutes a general sensor for apoptosis induction. This concept emerged from work on neurodegenerative diseases and from recent data on metabolic alterations in cancer cells affecting the RC and in particular on mutations of complex II subunits. It is also supported by experiments with many anticancer compounds that compared the apoptosis sensitivities of complex II-deficient versus WT cells. These results are explained by the mechanistic understanding of how complex II mediates the diverse range of apoptosis signals. This protein aggregate is specifically activated for apoptosis by pH change as a common and early feature of dying cells. This leads to the dissociation of its SDHA and SDHB subunits from the remaining membrane-anchored subunits and the consequent block of it enzymatic SQR activity, while its SDH activity, which is contained in the SDHA/SDHB subcomplex, remains intact. The uncontrolled SDH activity then generates excessive amounts of reactive oxygen species for the demise of the cell. Future studies on these mitochondrial processes will help refine this model, unravel the contribution of mutations in complex II subunits as the cause of degenerative neurological diseases and tumorigenesis, and aid in discovering novel interference options. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Respiratory complex II: Role in cellular physiology and disease. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Physicochemical impact studies of gamma rays on "aspirin" analgesics drug and its metal complexes in solid form: Synthesis, spectroscopic and biological assessment of Ca(II), Mg(II), Sr(II) and Ba(II) aspirinate complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Refat, Moamen S.; Sharshar, T.; Elsabawy, Khaled M.; Heiba, Zein K.

    2013-09-01

    Metal aspirinate complexes, M2(Asp)4, where M is Mg(II), Ca(II), Sr(II) or Ba(II) are formed by refluxed of aspirin (Asp) with divalent non-transition metal ions of group (II) and characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic measurements (infrared, electronic, 1H NMR, Raman, X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy). Elemental analysis of the chelates suggests the stoichiometry is 1:2 (metal:ligand). Infrared spectra of the complexes agree with the coordination to the central metal atom through three donation sites of two oxygen atoms of bridge bidentate carboxylate group and oxygen atom of sbnd Cdbnd O of acetyl group. Infrared spectra coupled with the results of elemental analyzes suggested a distorted octahedral structure for the M(II) aspirinate complexes. Gamma irradiation was tested as a method for stabilization of aspirin as well as their complexes. The effect of gamma irradiation, with dose of 80 Gy, on the properties of aspirinate complexes was studied. The aspirinate chelates have been screened for their in vitro antibacterial activity against four bacteria, gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus) and gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and two strains of fungus (Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans). The metal chelates were shown to possess more antibacterial activity than the free aspirin chelate.

  18. Composition, Characterization and Antibacterial activity of Mn(II), Co(II),Ni(II), Cu(II) Zn(II) and Cd(II) mixed ligand complexes Schiff base derived from Trimethoprim with 8-Hydroxy quinoline

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Numan, Ahmed T.; Atiyah, Eman M.; Al-Shemary, Rehab K.; Ulrazzaq, Sahira S. Abd

    2018-05-01

    New Schiff base ligand 2-((4-amino-5-(3, 4, 5-trimethoxybenzyl) pyrimidin-2-ylimino) (phenyl)methyl)benzoic acid] = [HL] was synthesized using microwave irradiation trimethoprim and 2-benzoyl benzoic acid. Mixed ligand complexes of Mn((II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) are reacted in ethanol with Schiff base ligand [HL] and 8-hydroxyquinoline [HQ] then reacted with metal salts in ethanol as a solvent in (1:1:1) ratio. The ligand [HL] is characterized by FTIR, UV-Vis, melting point, elemental microanalysis (C.H.N), 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and mass spectra. The mixed ligand complexes are characterized by infrared spectra, electronic spectra, (C.H.N), melting point, atomic absorption, molar conductance and magnetic moment measurements. These measurements indicate that the ligand [HL] coordinates with metal (II) ion in a tridentate manner through the oxygen and nitrogen atoms of the ligand, octahedral structures are suggested for these complexes. Antibacterial activity of the ligands [HL], [HQ] and their complexes are studied against (gram positive) and (gram negative) bacteria.

  19. Synthesis and characterization of new complexes of nickel (II), palladium (II) and platinum(II) with derived sulfonamide ligand: Structure, DFT study, antibacterial and cytotoxicity activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouchoucha, Afaf; Zaater, Sihem; Bouacida, Sofiane; Merazig, Hocine; Djabbar, Safia

    2018-06-01

    The synthesis, characterization and biological study of new nickel (II), palladium (II), and platinum (II) complexes with sulfamethoxazole ligand used in pharmaceutical field, were reported. [MLCl2].nH2O is the general formula obtained for Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes. These complexes have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, 1HNMR spectral, magnetic measurements, UV-Visible spectra, and conductivity. The DFT calculation was applied to optimize the geometric structure of the Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes. A new single-crystal X-ray structure of the Ni(II) complex has been determined. It crystallized in monoclinic system with P 21/c space group and Z = 8. The invitro antibacterial activity of ligand and complexes against Escherichia coli, P. aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, S. aureus, Bacillus subtilis species has been carried out and compared using agar-diffusion method. The Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes showed a remarkable inhibition against bacteria tested. The invitro cytotoxicity assay of the complexes against three cell lines chronic myelogenous leukaemia (K562), human colon adenocarcinoma (HT-29) and breast cancer (MCF-7) was also reported.

  20. Structure and magnetism of a Mn(III)-Mn(II)-Mn(II)-Mn(III) chain complex.

    PubMed

    Uhrecký, Róbert; Moncoľ, Ján; Koman, Marian; Titiš, Ján; Boča, Roman

    2013-07-14

    A novel tetranuclear manganese(II/III) complex with anions of pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (dipicolinic acid) has been synthesised and magneto-structurally characterised. The crystal structure of [Mn(II)2Mn(III)2(dipic)6(H2O)4]·2CH3OH·4H2O has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The tetranuclear complex molecule [Mn(II)2Mn(III)2(dipic)6(H2O)4] is centrosymmetric and two manganese(II) and two manganese(III) atoms are bridged by four dipicolinate ligands. The complex molecules and uncoordinated water and methanol molecules are connected through hydrogen bonds and they form a 3D supramolecular hydrogen-bonding network.

  1. Synthesis, antiviral evaluation and molecular docking studies of N4-aryl substituted/unsubstituted thiosemicarbazones derived from 1-indanones as potent anti-bovine viral diarrhea virus agents.

    PubMed

    Soraires Santacruz, María C; Fabiani, Matías; Castro, Eliana F; Cavallaro, Lucía V; Finkielsztein, Liliana M

    2017-08-01

    A series of N 4 -arylsubstituted thiosemicarbazones derived from 1-indanones and a set of compounds lacking such substitution in the N 4 position of the thiosemicarbazone moiety were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) activity. Among these, derivatives 2 and 15 displayed high activity (EC 50 =2.7±0.4 and 0.7±0.1µM, respectively) as inhibitors of BVDV replication. Novel key structural features related to the anti-BVDV activity were identified by structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis. In a previous study, the thiosemicarbazone of 5,6-dimethoxy-1-indanone (5,6-TSC) was characterized as a non-nucleoside inhibitor (NNI) of the BVDV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. In the present work, cross-resistance assays were performed with the most active compounds. Such studies were carried out on 5,6-TSC resistant BVDV (BVDV-TSC r T1) carrying mutations in the viral polymerase. This BVDV mutant was also resistant to compound 15. Molecular docking studies and MM/PBSA calculations were performed to assess the most active derivatives at the 5,6-TSC viral polymerase binding site. The differences in the interaction pattern and the binding affinity of derivative 15 either to the wild type or BVDV-TSC r T1 polymerase were key factors to define the mode of action of this compound. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Induction of Early Autophagic Process on Leishmania amazonensis by Synergistic Effect of Miltefosine and Innovative Semi-synthetic Thiosemicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Scariot, Débora B.; Britta, Elizandra A.; Moreira, Amanda L.; Falzirolli, Hugo; Silva, Cleuza C.; Ueda-Nakamura, Tânia; Dias-Filho, Benedito P.; Nakamura, Celso V.

    2017-01-01

    Drug combination therapy is a current trend to treat complex diseases. Many benefits are expected from this strategy, such as cytotoxicity decrease, retardation of resistant strains development, and activity increment. This study evaluated in vitro combination between an innovative thiosemicarbazone molecule – BZTS with miltefosine, a drug already consolidated in the leishmaniasis treatment, against Leishmania amazonensis. Cytotoxicity effects were also evaluated on macrophages and erythrocytes. Synergistic antileishmania effect and antagonist cytotoxicity were revealed from this combination therapy. Mechanisms of action assays were performed in order to investigate the main cell pathways induced by this treatment. Mitochondrial dysfunction generated a significant increase of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species production, causing severe cell injuries and promoting intense autophagy process and consequent apoptosis cell death. However, this phenomenon was not strong enough to promote dead in mammalian cell, providing the potential selective effect of the tested combination for the protozoa. Thus, the results confirmed that drugs involved in distinct metabolic routes are promising agents for drug combination therapy, promoting a synergistic effect. PMID:28270805

  3. Synthesis, characterization and in vitro antimicrobial studies of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes derived from macrocyclic compartmental ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Gammal, O. A.; Bekheit, M. M.; El-Brashy, S. A.

    2015-02-01

    New Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes derived from tetradentate macrocyclic nitrogen ligand, (1E,4E,8E,12E)-5,8,13,16-tetramethyl-1,4,9,12-tetrazacyclohexadeca-4,8,12,16-tetraene (EDHDH) have been synthesized. The complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, spectral (IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR and ESR (for Cu(II) complex)) mass, and magnetic as well as thermal analysis measurements. The complexes afforded the formulae: [Cu(EDHDH)Cl2]·2EtOH and [M(EDHDH)X2]·nH2O where M = Co(II) and Ni(II), X = Cl- or OH-, n = 1,0, respectively. The data revealed an octahedral arrangement with N4 tetradentate donor sites in addition to two Cl atoms occupying the other two sites. ESR spectrum of Cu2+ complex confirmed the suggested geometry with values of a α2and β2 indicating that the in-plane σ-bonding and in-plane π-bonding are appreciably covalent, and are consistent with very strong σ-in-plane bonding in the complexes. The molecular modeling is drawn and showed the bond length, bond angle, chemical reactivity, energy components (kcal/mol) and binding energy (kcal/mol) for all the title compounds using DFT method. Also, the thermal behavior and the kinetic parameters of degradation were determined using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Moreover, the in vitro antibacterial studies of all compounds screened against pathogenic bacteria (two Gram +ve and two Gram -ve) to assess their inhibiting potential. The assay indicated that the inhibition potential is metal ion dependent. The ligand, EDHDH, Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes exhibited a remarkable antibacterial activity against Streptococcus Pyogenes as Gram +ve and Proteus vulgaris as Gram -ve bacterial strains. On the other hand, Ni(II) complex revealed a moderate antibacterial activity against both Gram +ve organisms and no activity against Gram -ve bacterial strain.

  4. Structure and reactivity of a mononuclear gold(II) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Preiß, Sebastian; Förster, Christoph; Otto, Sven; Bauer, Matthias; Müller, Patrick; Hinderberger, Dariush; Hashemi Haeri, Haleh; Carella, Luca; Heinze, Katja

    2017-12-01

    Mononuclear gold(II) complexes are very rare labile species. Transient gold(II) species have been suggested in homogeneous catalysis and in medical applications, but their geometric and electronic structures have remained essentially unexplored: even fundamental data, such as the ionic radius of gold(II), are unknown. Now, an unprecedentedly stable neutral gold(II) complex of a porphyrin derivative has been isolated, and its structural and spectroscopic features determined. The gold atom adopts a 2+2 coordination mode in between those of gold(III) (four-coordinate square planar) and gold(I) (two-coordinate linear), owing to a second-order Jahn-Teller distortion enabled by the relativistically lowered 6s orbital of gold. The reactivity of this gold(II) complex towards dioxygen, nitrosobenzene and acids is discussed. This study provides insight on the ionic radius of gold(II), and allows it to be placed within the homologous series of nd9 Cu/Ag/Au divalent ions and the 5d8/9/10 Pt/Au/Hg 'relativistic' triad in the periodic table.

  5. Synthesis, characterization, nucleic acid interactions and photoluminescent properties of methaniminium hydrazone Schiff base and its Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sennappan, M.; Murali Krishna, P.; Hosamani, Amar A.; Hari Krishna, R.

    2018-07-01

    An environmental benign and efficient reaction was carried out via amine exchange and condensation reaction in water and methanol mixture (3:1) and absence of catalyst between 1-[3-(2-hydroxy benzylidene)amine)phenyl]ethanone and benzhydrazide yields methaniminium hydrazone Schiff base in high yield. The prepared ligand was structurally characterized by using single crystal XRD, elemental analysis and spectroscopy (UV-Vis, FT-IR, LC-MS and NMR) techniques. The crystal data indicates the ligand crystallizes in orthorhombic system with Pna21 space group. Further, the ligand was used in synthesis of mononuclear Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes and were characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic moment and spectroscopy (UV-Vis, FT-IR and ESR) studies. The spectral data showed that ligand is coordinated to the metal ion through azomethine nitrogen and methaniminium nitrogen. The DNA binding absorption titrations reveals that, ligand, L and its metal complexes, 1-6 are avid binders to CT- DNA. The apparent binding constant values of compounds are in the order of 106 M-1. The nuclease activity of ligand, L and its metal complexes, 1-6 were investigated by gel electrophoresis method using pUC18 DNA. The photoluminescent properties of the methaniminium hydrazone ligand, L and its various metal complexes, 1-6 were investigated. The emission spectra of both ligand (L) and metal complexes (1-6) exhibits emission in the range of blue to red.

  6. Synthesis, characterization, thermal and biological evaluation of Cu (II), Co (II) and Ni (II) complexes of azo dye ligand containing sulfamethaxazole moiety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mallikarjuna, N. M.; Keshavayya, J.; Maliyappa, M. R.; Shoukat Ali, R. A.; Venkatesh, Talavara

    2018-08-01

    A novel bioactive Cu (II), Co (II) and Ni (II) complexes of the azo dye ligand (L) derived from sulfamethoxazole were synthesized. The structures of the newly synthesized compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility, FTIR, UV-visible, 1H NMR, mass, thermal and powder XRD spectral techniques. Molar conductivity measurements in DMSO solution confirmed the non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. All the synthesized metal complexes were found to be monomeric and showed square planar geometry except the Co (II) complex which has six coordinate, octahedral environment. The metal complexes have exhibited potential growth inhibitory effect against tested bacterial strains as compared to the free ligand. The ligand and complexes have also shown significant antioxidant and Calf Thymus DNA cleavage activities. Further, the in silico molecular docking studies were performed to predict the possible binding sites of the ligand (L) and its metal complexes with target receptor Glu-6P.

  7. Nicotianamine forms complexes with Zn(II) in vivo.

    PubMed

    Trampczynska, Aleksandra; Küpper, Hendrik; Meyer-Klaucke, Wolfram; Schmidt, Holger; Clemens, Stephan

    2010-01-01

    The non-proteinogenic amino acid nicotianamine (NA) is a major player in plant metal homeostasis. It is known to form complexes with different transition metals in vitro. Available evidence associates NA with translocation of Fe, and possibly other micronutrients, to and between different plant cells and tissues. To date, however, it is still extremely challenging to detect metal-ligand complexes in vivo because tissue disruption immediately changes the chemical environment and thereby the availability of binding partners. In order to overcome this limitation we used various Schizosaccharomyces pombe strains expressing a plant NAS gene to study formation of metal-NA complexes in vivo. Tolerance, accumulation and competition data clearly indicated formation of Zn(ii)-NA but not of Cu(ii)-NA complexes. Zn(ii)-NA was then identified by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). About half of the cellular Zn was found to be bound by NA in NAS-expressing cells while no NA-like ligands were detected by XAS in control cells not expressing NAS. Given the high conservation of eukaryotic metal homeostasis components, these results strongly suggest the possible existence of Zn(ii)-NA complexes also in planta. Reported observations implicating NA in plant Zn homeostasis would then indeed be attributable to direct interaction of Zn(ii) with NA rather than only indirectly to perturbations in Fe metabolism. Re-evaluation of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra for the Zn hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens showed that NA is as expected not a major storage ligand for Zn. Instead it is hypothesized to be involved in efficient translocation of Zn to above-ground tissues in hyperaccumulators.

  8. Design, synthesis, spectral characterization, DNA interaction and biological activity studies of copper(II), cobalt(II) and nickel(II) complexes of 6-amino benzothiazole derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daravath, Sreenu; Kumar, Marri Pradeep; Rambabu, Aveli; Vamsikrishna, Narendrula; Ganji, Nirmala; Shivaraj

    2017-09-01

    Two novel Schiff bases, L1 = (2-benzo[d]thiazol-6-ylimino)methyl)-4,6-dichlorophenol), L2 = (1-benzo[d]thiazol-6-ylimino)methyl)-6-bromo-4-chlorophenol) and their bivalent transition metal complexes [M(L1)2] and [M(L2)2], where M = Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, NMR, IR, UV-visible, mass, magnetic moments, ESR, TGA, SEM, EDX and powder XRD. Based on the experimental data a square planar geometry around the metal ion is assigned to all the complexes (1a-2c). The interaction of synthesized metal complexes with calf thymus DNA was explored using UV-visible absorption spectra, fluorescence and viscosity measurements. The experimental evidence indicated that all the metal complexes strongly bound to CT-DNA through an intercalation mode. DNA cleavage experiments of metal(II) complexes with supercoiled pBR322 DNA have also been explored by gel electrophoresis in the presence of H2O2 as well as UV light, and it is found that the Cu(II) complexes cleaved DNA more effectively compared to Co(II), Ni(II) complexes. In addition, the ligands and their metal complexes were screened for antimicrobial activity and it is found that all the metal complexes were more potent than free ligands.

  9. Assembly and Properties of Heterobimetallic CoII/III/CaII Complexes with Aquo and Hydroxo Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Lacy, David C.; Park, Young Jun; Ziller, Joseph W.; Yano, Junko; Borovik, A. S.

    2012-01-01

    The use of water as a reagent in redox-driven reactions is advantageous because it is abundant and environmentally compatible. The conversion of water to dioxygen in photosynthesis illustrates one example, in which a redox-inactive CaII ion and four manganese ions are required for function. In this report we describe the stepwise formation of two new heterobimetallic complexes containing CoII/III and CaII ions, and either hydroxo or aquo ligands. The preparation of a 4-coordinate CoII synthon was achieved with the tripodal ligand, N,N′,N″-[2,2′,2″-nitrilotris(ethane-2,1-diyl)]tris(2,4,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonamido, [MST]3−. Water binds to [CoIIMST]− to form the 5-coordinate [CoIIMST(OH2)]− complex that was used to prepare the CoII/CaII complex [CoIIMST(μ-OH2)CaII⊂15-crown-5(OH2)]+ ([CoII(μ-OH2)CaIIOH2]+). [CoII(μ-OH2)CaOH2]+ contained two aquo ligands, one bonded to the CaII ion and one bridging between the two metal ions and thus represents an unusual example of a heterobimetallic complex containing 2 aquo ligands spanning different metal ions. Both aquo ligands formed intramolecular hydrogen bonds with the [MST]3− ligand. [CoIIMST(OH2)]− was oxidized to form [CoIIIMST(OH2)] that was further converted to [CoIIIMST(μ-OH)CaII⊂15-crown-5]+ ([CoIII(μ-OH)CaII]+) in the presence of base and CaIIOTf2/15-crown-5. [CoIII(μ-OH)CaII]+ was also synthesized from the oxidation of [CoIIMST]− with PhIO in the presence of CaIIOTf2/15-crown-5. Allowing [CoIII(μ-OH)CaII]+ to react with diphenylhydrazine afforded [CoII(μ-OH2)CaIIOH2]+ and azobenzene. Additionally, the characterization of [CoIII(μ-OH)CaII]+ provides another formulation for the previously reported CoIV–oxo complex, [(TMG3tren)CoIV(μ-O)ScIII(OTf)3]2+ to one that instead could contain a CoIII–OH unit. PMID:22998407

  10. Antigen-B Cell Receptor Complexes Associate with Intracellular major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class II Molecules*

    PubMed Central

    Barroso, Margarida; Tucker, Heidi; Drake, Lisa; Nichol, Kathleen; Drake, James R.

    2015-01-01

    Antigen processing and MHC class II-restricted antigen presentation by antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells and B cells allows the activation of naïve CD4+ T cells and cognate interactions between B cells and effector CD4+ T cells, respectively. B cells are unique among class II-restricted antigen-presenting cells in that they have a clonally restricted antigen-specific receptor, the B cell receptor (BCR), which allows the cell to recognize and respond to trace amounts of foreign antigen present in a sea of self-antigens. Moreover, engagement of peptide-class II complexes formed via BCR-mediated processing of cognate antigen has been shown to result in a unique pattern of B cell activation. Using a combined biochemical and imaging/FRET approach, we establish that internalized antigen-BCR complexes associate with intracellular class II molecules. We demonstrate that the M1-paired MHC class II conformer, shown previously to be critical for CD4 T cell activation, is incorporated selectively into these complexes and loaded selectively with peptide derived from BCR-internalized cognate antigen. These results demonstrate that, in B cells, internalized antigen-BCR complexes associate with intracellular MHC class II molecules, potentially defining a site of class II peptide acquisition, and reveal a selective role for the M1-paired class II conformer in the presentation of cognate antigen. These findings provide key insights into the molecular mechanisms used by B cells to control the source of peptides charged onto class II molecules, allowing the immune system to mount an antibody response focused on BCR-reactive cognate antigen. PMID:26400081

  11. Syntheses, crystal structures and spectroscopic properties of copper(II)-tetracyanometallate(II) complexes with nicotinamide and isonicotinamide ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sayın, Elvan; Kürkçüoğlu, Güneş Süheyla; Yeşilel, Okan Zafer; Hökelek, Tuncer

    2015-09-01

    Four new one dimensional (1D) cyanide complexes, namely {[Cu(NH3)4(μ-na)][M‧(CN)4]}n and {[Cu(NH3)2(ina)2M‧(μ-CN)2(CN)2]}n (M‧(II) = Pd (1 and 3) or Pt (2 and 4), na:nicotinamide and ina:isonicotinamide) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental, spectral (FT-IR and Raman), and thermal (TG, DTG and DTA) analyses. The crystal structures of complexes 1-3 have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. In complexes 1 and 2, na ligand is coordinated to the adjacent Cu(II) ions as a bridging ligand, giving rise to 1D linear cationic chain and the [M‧(CN)4]2- anionic complex acts as a counter ion. Complexes 3 and 4 are also 1D linear chain in which two cyanide ligands bridged neighboring M‧(II) and Cu(II) ions, while ina ligand is coordinated Cu(II) ion through nitrogen atom of pyridine ring. In the complexes, the Cu(II) ions adopt distorted octahedral geometries, while M‧(II) ions are four coordinated with four carbon atoms from cyanide ligands in square-planar geometries. The adjacent chains are further stacked through intermolecular hydrogen bond, Nsbnd Hṡṡṡπ, Csbnd H⋯M‧ and M‧⋯π interactions to form 3D supramolecular networks. Vibration assignments are given for all the observed bands. In addition, thermal stabilities of the compounds are also discussed.

  12. Development of Novel DNA Cleavage Systems Based on Copper Complexes. Synthesis and Characterisation of Cu(II) Complexes of Hydroxyflavones

    PubMed Central

    el Amrani, F. Ben-Allal; Perelló, L.; Torres, L.

    2000-01-01

    Copper(II) complexes of several hydroxyflavones were prepared and characterised through their physico-chemical properties. The nuclease activity of three synthesised complexes is reported. These copper(II) complexes present more nuclease activity than the ligands and the copper(II) ion. PMID:18475969

  13. Synthesis, characterization and in vitro anticancer activity of 18-membered octaazamacrocyclic complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Sn(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kareem, Abdul; Zafar, Hina; Sherwani, Asif; Mohammad, Owais; Khan, Tahir Ali

    2014-10-01

    An effective series of 18 membered octaazamacrocyclic complexes of the type [MLX2], where X = Cl or NO3 have been synthesized by template condensation reaction of oxalyl dihydrazide with dibenzoylmethane and metal salt in 2:2:1 molar ratio. The formation of macrocyclic framework, stereochemistry and their overall geometry have been characterized by various physico-chemical studies viz., elemental analysis, electron spray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), I.R, UV-Vis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and TGA/DTA studies. These studies suggest formation of octahedral macrocyclic complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Sn(II). The molar conductance values suggest nonelectrolytic nature for all the complexes. Thermogravimatric analysis shows that all the complexes are stable up to 600 °C. All these complexes have been tested against different human cancer cell lines i.e. human hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep3B), human cervical carcinoma (HeLa), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7) and normal cells (PBMC). The newly synthesized 18-membered octaazamacrocyclic complexes during in vitro anticancer evaluation, displayed moderate to good cytotoxicity on liver (Hep3B), cervical (HeLa) and breast (MCF7) cancer cell lines, respectively. The most effective anticancer cadmium complex (C34H28N10CdO10) was found to be active with IC50 values, 2.44 ± 1.500, 3.55 ± 1.600 and 4.82 ± 1.400 in micro-molar on liver, cervical and breast cancer cell lines, respectively.

  14. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, DNA interaction and biological activities of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with [(1H-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylimino)methyl]naphthalene-2-ol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaber, Mohamed; El-Wakiel, Nadia A.; El-Ghamry, Hoda; Fathalla, Shaimaa K.

    2014-11-01

    Manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes of [(1H-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylimino)methyl]naphthalene-2-ol have been synthesized. The structure of complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moment measurements and spectral (IR, 1H NMR, EI-mass, UV-Vis and ESR), and thermal studies. The results showed that the chloro and nitrato Cu(II) complexes have octahedral geometry while Ni(II), Co(II) and Mn(II) complexes in addition to acetato Cu(II) complex have tetrahedral geometry. The possible structures of the metal complexes have been computed using the molecular mechanic calculations using the hyper chem. 8.03 molecular modeling program to confirm the proposed structures. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the thermal decomposition steps were calculated from the TG curves. The binding modes of the complexes with DNA have been investigated by UV-Vis absorption titration. The results showed that the mode of binding of the complexes to DNA is intercalative or non-intercalative binding modes. Schiff base and its metal complexes have been screened for their in vitro antimicrobial activities against Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus), Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pesudomonas aeruginosa), fungi (Asperigllus flavus and Mucer) and yeast (Candida albicans and Malassezia furfur).

  15. Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of new Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, thermal and spectroscopic characterizations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Refat, Moamen S.; El-Sayed, Mohamed Y.; Adam, Abdel Majid A.

    2013-04-01

    Cu(II), Co(II), and Ni(II) complexes were synthesized from 2-[(5-o-chlorophenylazo-2-hydroxybenzylidin)amino]-phenol Schiff base (H2L). Metal ions coordinate in a tetradentate or hexadentate features with these O2N donor ligand, which are characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic moments, infrared, Raman laser, electronic, and 1H NMR spectral studies. The elemental analysis suggests the stoichiometry to be 1:1 (metal:ligand). Reactions with Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II), resulted [Cu(H2L)(H2O)2(Cl)]Cl, [Co(H2L)(H2O)3]Cl2ṡ3H2O and [Ni(H2L)(H2O)2]Cl2ṡ6H2O. The thermal decomposition behavior of H2L complexes has been investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG) at a heating rate of 10 °C min-1 under nitrogen atmosphere. The brightness side in this study is to take advantage for the preparation and characterizations of single phases of CuO, CoO and NiO nanoparticles using H2L complexes as precursors via a solid-state decomposition procedure. The crystalline structures of products using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), morphology of particles by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) were investigated.

  16. Mononuclear nickel (II) and copper (II) coordination complexes supported by bispicen ligand derivatives: Experimental and computational studies

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Singh, Nirupama; Niklas, Jens; Poluektov, Oleg

    2017-01-01

    The synthesis, characterization and density functional theory calculations of mononuclear Ni and Cu complexes supported by the N,N’-Dimethyl-N,N’-bis-(pyridine-2-ylmethyl)-1,2-diaminoethane ligand and its derivatives are reported. The complexes were characterized by X-ray crystallography as well as by UV-visible absorption spectroscopy and EPR spectroscopy. The solid state structure of these coordination complexes revealed that the geometry of the complex depended on the identity of the metal center. Solution phase characterization data are in accord with the solid phase structure, indicating minimal structural changes in solution. Optical spectroscopy revealed that all of the complexes exhibit color owing to d-d transition bands in the visiblemore » region. Magnetic parameters obtained from EPR spectroscopy with other structural data suggest that the Ni(II) complexes are in pseudo-octahedral geometry and Cu(II) complexes are in a distorted square pyramidal geometry. In order to understand in detail how ligand sterics and electronics affect complex topology detailed computational studies were performed. The series of complexes reported in this article will add significant value in the field of coordination chemistry as Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes supported by tetradentate pyridyl based ligands are rather scarce.« less

  17. Crystal and electronic structures of magnesium(II), copper(II), and mixed magnesium(II)-copper(II) complexes of the quinoline half of styrylquinoline-type HIV-1 integrase inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Courcot, B; Firley, D; Fraisse, B; Becker, P; Gillet, J-M; Pattison, P; Chernyshov, D; Sghaier, M; Zouhiri, F; Desmaële, D; d'Angelo, J; Bonhomme, F; Geiger, S; Ghermani, N E

    2007-05-31

    A new target in AIDS therapy development is HIV-1 integrase (IN). It was proven that HIV-1 IN required divalent metal cations to achieve phosphodiester bond cleavage of DNA. Accordingly, all newly investigated potent IN inhibitors contain chemical fragments possessing a high ability to chelate metal cations. One of the promising leads in the polyhydroxylated styrylquinolines (SQLs) series is (E)-8-hydroxy-2-[2-(4,5-dihydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-ethenyl]-7-quinoline carboxylic acid (1). The present study focuses on the quinoline-based progenitor (2), which is actually the most probable chelating part of SQLs. Conventional and synchrotron low-temperature X-ray crystallographic studies were used to investigate the chelating power of progenitor 2. Mg2+ and Cu2+ cations were selected for this purpose, and three types of metal complexes of 2 were obtained: Mg(II) complex (4), Cu(II) complex (5) and mixed Mg(II)-Cu(II) complexes (6 and 7). The analysis of the crystal structure of complex 4 indicates that two tridentate ligands coordinate two Mg2+ cations, both in octahedral geometry. The Mg-Mg distance was found equal to 3.221(1) A, in agreement with the metal-metal distance of 3.9 A encountered in the crystal structure of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I. In 5, the complex is formed by two bidentate ligands coordinating one copper ion in tetrahedral geometry. Both mixed Mg(II)-Cu(II) complexes, 6 and 7 exhibit an original arrangement of four ligands linked to a central heterometallic cluster consisting of three octahedrally coordinated magnesium ions and one tetrahedrally coordinated copper ion. Quantum mechanics calculations were also carried out in order to display the electrostatic potential generated by the dianionic ligand 2 and complex 4 and to quantify the binding energy (BE) during the formation of the magnesium complex of progenitor 2. A comparison of the binding energies of two hypothetical monometallic Mg(II) complexes with that found in the bimetallic magnesium

  18. Magnetic Properties of Mononuclear Co(II) Complexes with Carborane Ligands.

    PubMed

    Alcoba, Diego R; Oña, Ofelia B; Massaccesi, Gustavo E; Torre, Alicia; Lain, Luis; Melo, Juan I; Peralta, Juan E; Oliva-Enrich, Josep M

    2018-06-12

    We analyze the magnetic properties of three mononuclear Co(II) coordination complexes using quantum chemical complete active space self-consistent field and N-electron valence perturbation theory approaches. The complexes are characterized by a distorted tetrahedral geometry in which the central ion is doubly chelated by the icosahedral ligands derived from 1,2-(HS) 2 -1,2-C 2 B 10 H 10 (complex I), from 1,2-(HS) 2 -1,2-C 2 B 10 H 10 and 9,12-(HS) 2 -1,2-C 2 B 10 H 10 (complex II), and from 9,12-(HS) 2 -1,2-C 2 B 10 H 10 (complex III), which are two positional isomers of dithiolated 1,2-dicarba- closo-dodecaborane (complex I). Complex I was realized experimentally recently (Tu, D.; Shao, D.; Yan, H.; Lu, C. Chem. Commun. 2016, 52, 14326) and served to validate the computational protocol employed in this work, while the remaining two proposed complexes can be considered positional isomers of I. Our calculations show that these complexes present different axial and rhombic zero-field splitting anisotropy parameters and different values of the most significant components of the g tensor. The predicted axial anisotropy D = -147.2 cm -1 for complex II is twice that observed experimentally for complex I, D = -72.8 cm -1 , suggesting that this complex may be of interest for practical applications. We also analyze the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility and molar magnetization for these complexes when subject to an external magnetic field. Overall, our results suggest that o-carborane-incorporated Co(II) complexes are worthwhile candidates for experimental exploration as single-ion molecular magnets.

  19. Structural and Biological Behaviour of Co(II), Cu(II) and Ni(II) Metal Complexes of Some Amino Acid Derived Schiff-Bases

    PubMed Central

    Chohan, Zahid H.; Praveen, M.; Ghaffar, A.

    1997-01-01

    Biologically active tridentate amino acid (Alanine, Glycine & Tyrosine) derived Schiff-bases and their Co(II), Cu(II) & Ni(II) complexes have been synthesised and characterised on the basis of their conductance and magnetic measurements, elemental analysis and 13C-NMR, 1H-NMR, IR and electronic spectral data. These Schiff-bases and their complexes have been evaluated for their antibacterial activity against bacterial species such as Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonae, Proteus vulgarus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and this activity data show the metal complexes to be more antibacterial than the Schiff-bases against one or more bacterial species. PMID:18475798

  20. Parametrization of a force field for metals complexed to biomacromolecules: applications to Fe(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    David, Laurent; Amara, Patricia; Field, Martin J.; Major, François

    2002-08-01

    Although techniques for the simulation of biomolecules, such as proteins and RNAs, have greatly advanced in the last decade, modeling complexes of biomolecules with metal ions remains problematic. Precise calculations can be done with quantum mechanical methods but these are prohibitive for systems the size of macromolecules. More qualitative modeling can be done with molecular mechanical potentials but the parametrization of force fields for metals is often difficult, particularly if the bonding between the metal and the groups in its coordination shell has significant covalent character. In this paper we present a method for deriving bond and bond-angle parameters for metal complexes from experimental bond and bond-angle distributions obtained from the Cambridge Structural Database. In conjunction with this method, we also introduce a non-standard energy term of gaussian form that allows us to obtain a stable description of the coordination about a metal center during a simulation. The method was evaluated on Fe(II)-porphyrin complexes, on simple Cu(II) ion complexes and a number of complexes of the Pb(II) ion.

  1. Synthesis, spectroscopic, fluorescence properties and biological evaluation of novel Pd(II) and Cd(II) complexes of NOON tetradentate Schiff bases.

    PubMed

    Ali, Omyma A M

    2014-01-01

    The solid complexes of Pd(II) and Cd(II) with N,N/bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L(1)), and N,N/bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L(2)) have been synthesized and characterized by several techniques using elemental analysis (CHN), FT-IR, (1)H NMR, UV-Vis spectra and thermal analysis. Elemental analysis data proved 1:1 stoichiometry for the reported complexes while spectroscopic data indicated square planar and octahedral geometries for Pd(II) and Cd(II) complexes, respectively. The prepared ligands, Pd(II) and Cd(II) complexes exhibited intraligand (π-π(∗)) fluorescence and can potentially serve as photoactive materials. Thermal behavior of the complexes was studied and kinetic parameters were determined by Coats-Redfern method. Both the ligands and their complexes have been screened for antimicrobial activities. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Synthesis, characterization, antimicrobial activity and DFT studies of 2-(pyrimidin-2-ylamino)naphthalene-1,4-dione and its Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chioma, Festus; Ekennia, Anthony C.; Ibeji, Collins U.; Okafor, Sunday N.; Onwudiwe, Damian C.; Osowole, Aderoju A.; Ujam, Oguejiofo T.

    2018-07-01

    A pyrimidine-based ligand, 2-(pyrimidin-2-ylamino)naphthalene-1,4-dione (L), has been synthesized by the reaction of 2-aminopyrimidine with 2-hydroxy-1,4-napthoquinone. Reaction of the ligand with Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II) and Zn(II) acetate gave the corresponding metal complexes which were characterized by spectroscopic techniques, (infrared, electronic), elemental analysis, room-temperature magnetometry, conductance measurements and thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC) analyses. The room-temperature magnetic data and electronic spectral measurements of the complexes gave evidence of 4-coordinate square planar/tetrahedral geometry. The thermal analyses values obtained indicated the monohydrate complexes. The antimicrobial screening of the compounds showed mild to very good results. The Mn(II) complex showed the best result within in the range of 11.5-29 mm. The electronic, structural and spectroscopic properties of the complexes were further discussed using density functional theory. Molecular docking studies showed significant binding affinity with the drug targets and the metal complexes have potentials to be used as drugs.

  3. Synthesis and Biochemical Evaluation of Thiochromanone Thiosemicarbazone Analogues as Inhibitors of Cathepsin L

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    A series of 36 thiosemicarbazone analogues containing the thiochromanone molecular scaffold functionalized primarily at the C-6 position were prepared by chemical synthesis and evaluated as inhibitors of cathepsins L and B. The most promising inhibitors from this group are selective for cathepsin L and demonstrate IC50 values in the low nanomolar range. In nearly all cases, the thiochromanone sulfide analogues show superior inhibition of cathepsin L as compared to their corresponding thiochromanone sulfone derivatives. Without exception, the compounds evaluated were inactive (IC50 > 10000 nM) against cathepsin B. The most potent inhibitor (IC50 = 46 nM) of cathepsin L proved to be the 6,7-difluoro analogue 4. This small library of compounds significantly expands the structure–activity relationship known for small molecule, nonpeptidic inhibitors of cathepsin L. PMID:24900494

  4. ESI-MS measurements for the equilibrium constants of copper(II)-insulin complexes.

    PubMed

    Gülfen, Mustafa; Özdemir, Abdil; Lin, Jung-Lee; Chen, Chung-Hsuan

    2018-06-01

    Trace elements regulate many biological reactions in the body. Copper(II) is known as one of trace elements and capable of binding to proteins. Insulin is a blood glucose-lowering peptide hormone and it is secreted by the pancreatic β-cells. In this study, Cu(II)-insulin complexes were investigated by using ESI-MS method. Insulin molecule gives ESI-MS peaks at +4, +5, +6 and +7 charged states. Cu(II)-insulin complexes can be monitored and quantified on the ESI-MS spectra as the shifted peaks according to insulin peaks. The solutions of Cu(II)-insulin complexes at different pHs and mole ratios of Cu(II) ions to insulin molecule were measured on the ESI-MS. The highest complex formation ratio for Cu(II)-insulin were found at pH 7. The multiple bindings of Cu(II) ions to insulin molecule was observed. The formation equilibrium constants of Cu(II)-insulin complexes were calculated as Kf 1 : 3.34 × 10 4 , Kf 2 : 2.99 × 10 4 , Kf 3 : 7.00 × 10 3 and Kf 4 :2.86 × 10 3 . The specific binding property of Cu(II) ions was controlled by using different spray ion sources including electrospray and nano-electrospray. The binding property of Cu(II) also investigated by MS/MS fragmentation. It was concluded from the ESI-MS measurements that Cu(II) ion has a high affinity to insulin molecules to form stable complexes. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Antimicrobial and mutagenic activity of some carbono- and thiocarbonohydrazone ligands and their copper(II), iron(II) and zinc(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Bacchi, A; Carcelli, M; Pelagatti, P; Pelizzi, C; Pelizzi, G; Zani, F

    1999-06-15

    Several mono- and bis- carbono- and thiocarbonohydrazone ligands have been synthesised and characterised; the X-ray diffraction analysis of bis(phenyl 2-pyridyl ketone) thiocarbonohydrazone is reported. The coordinating properties of the ligands have been studied towards Cu(II), Fe(II), and Zn(II) salts. The ligands and the metal complexes were tested in vitro against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, yeasts and moulds. In general, the bisthiocarbonohydrazones possess the best antimicrobial properties and Gram positive bacteria are the most sensitive microorganisms. Bis(ethyl 2-pyridyl ketone) thiocarbonohydrazone, bis(butyl 2-pyridyl ketone)thiocarbonohydrazone and Cu(H2nft)Cl2 (H2nft, bis(5-nitrofuraldehyde)thiocarbonohydrazone) reveal a strong activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations of 0.7 microgram ml-1 against Bacillus subtilis and of 3 micrograms ml-1 against Staphylococcus aureus. Cu(II) complexes are more effective than Fe(II) and Zn(II) ones. All bisthiocarbono- and carbonohydrazones are devoid of mutagenic properties, with the exception of the compounds derived from 5-nitrofuraldehyde. On the contrary a weak mutagenicity, that disappears in the copper complexes, is exhibited by monosubstituted thiocarbonohydrazones.

  6. A novel series of thiosemicarbazone drugs: From synthesis to structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebrahimi, Hossein Pasha; Hadi, Jabbar S.; Alsalim, Tahseen A.; Ghali, Thaer S.; Bolandnazar, Zeinab

    2015-02-01

    A new series of thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) and their 1,3,4-thiadiazolines (TDZs) containing acetamide group have been synthesized from thiosemicarbazide compounds by the reaction of TSCs with cyclic ketones as well as aromatic aldehydes. The structures of newly synthesized 1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives obtained by heterocyclization of the TSCs with acetic anhydride were experimentally characterized by spectral methods using IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectroscopic methods. Furthermore, the structural, thermodynamic, and electronic properties of the studied compounds were also studied theoretically by performing Density Functional Theory (DFT) to access reliable results to the experimental values. The molecular geometry, the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) and Mulliken atomic charges of the studied compounds have been calculated at the B3LYP method and standard 6-31+G(d,p) basis set starting from optimized geometry. The theoretical 13C chemical shift results were also calculated using the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) approach and their respective linear correlations were obtained.

  7. [Study on the interaction of hemoglobin and Cu(II)-ARS complex].

    PubMed

    Wu, Xiao-Hua; Miao, Ji-Gen; Miao, Yu-Qing; Chen, Jian-Rong

    2007-06-01

    The reaction of hemoglobin (Hb) with copper(II)-Alizarin red S (ARS) complex was studied in H3PO4-KH2PO4 buffer solution (pH 4. 2) by ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry. The results show that the interaction of Hb and Cu(II)-ARS complex produces red ionic association complex with its maximum absorption peak at 537 nm. At the maximum absorption, the composition of the complex was determined to be n(Hb) : n(Cu(II)) : n(ARS) =1 : 4 : 8, and the apparent molar absorptivity was 1.52 x 10(5) L x mol(-1) x cm(-1). The concentration of Hb is linear with the absorbency in the range of 1.0 x 10(-7)-2.0 x 10(-6) mol x L(-1) and the regression equation was established as A = 0.026 9 + 151 675c (mol x L(-1)) with the coefficient r = 0.997 2. The effects of solution acidity, reagent amount, reaction time, temperature, ionic strength and the added surfactant were examined on the formation of the Hb-Cu(II)-ARS complex. A preliminary investigation was carried out to elucidate the reaction mechanism, and it could be concluded that the Hb and Cu(II)-ARS complex are combined mainly by electrostatic attraction. Further investigation was also undertaken to find out the effects of common amino acids and metallic ions on the formation of Hb-Cu(II)-ARS complex.

  8. Liquid-crystalline dendrimer Cu(II) complexes and Cu(0) nanoclusters based on the Cu(II) complexes: An electron paramagnetic resonance investigation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Domracheva, N. E.; Mirea, A.; Schwoerer, M.; Torre-Lorente, L.; Lattermann, G.

    2007-07-01

    New nanostructured materials, namely, the liquid-crystalline copper(II) complexes that contain poly(propylene imine) dendrimer ligands of the first (ligand 1) and second (ligand 2) generations and which have a columnar mesophase and different copper contents (x = Cu/L), are investigated by EPR spectroscopy. The influence of water molecules and nitrate counterions on the magnetic properties of complex 2 (x = 7.3) is studied. It is demonstrated that water molecules can extract some of the copper ions from dendrimer complexes and form hexaaqua copper complexes with free ions. The dimer spectra of fully hydrated complex 2 (x = 7.3) are observed at temperatures T < 10 K. For this complex, the structure is identified and the distance between the copper ions is determined. It is shown that the nitrate counterion plays the role of a bridge between the hexaaqua copper(II) complex and the dendrimer copper(II) complex. The temperature-induced valence tautomerism attended by electron transport is revealed for the first time in blue dendrimer complexes 1 (x = 1.9) with a dimer structure. The activation energy for electron transport is estimated to be 0.35 meV. The coordination of the copper ion site (NO4) and the structural arrangement of green complexes 1 (x = 1.9) in the columnar mesophase are determined. Complexes of this type form linear chains in which nitrate counterions serve as bridges between copper centers. It is revealed that green complexes 1 (x = 1.9) dissolved in isotropic inert solvents can be oriented in the magnetic field (B 0 = 8000 G). The degree of orientation of these complexes is rather high (S z = 0.76) and close to that of systems with a complete ordering (S z = 1) in the magnetic field. Copper(0) nanoclusters prepared by reduction of complex 2 (x = 7.3) in two reducing agents (NaBH4, N2H4 · H2O) are examined. A model is proposed for a possible location of Cu(0) nanoclusters in a dendrimer matrix.

  9. Synthesis, magnetic, spectral, and antimicrobial studies of Cu(II), Ni(II) Co(II), Fe(III), and UO 2(II) complexes of a new Schiff base hydrazone derived from 7-chloro-4-hydrazinoquinoline

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Behery, Mostafa; El-Twigry, Haifaa

    2007-01-01

    A new hydrazone ligand, HL, was prepared by the reaction of 7-chloro-4-hydrazinoquinoline with o-hydroxybenzaldehyde. The ligand behaves as monoprotic bidentate. This was accounted for as the ligand contains a phenolic group and its hydrogen atom is reluctant to be replaced by a metal ion. The ligand reacted with Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Fe(III), and UO 2(II) ions to yield mononuclear complexes. In the case of Fe(III) ion two complexes, mono- and binuclear complexes, were obtained in the absence and presence of LiOH, respectively. Also, mixed ligand complexes were obtained from the reaction of the metal cations Cu(II), Ni(II) and Fe(III) with the ligand (HL) and 8-hydroxyquinoline (8-OHqu) in the presence of LiOH, in the molar ratio 1:1:1:1. It is clear that 8-OHqu behaves as monoprotic bidentate ligand in such mixed ligand complexes. The ligand, HL, and its metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-vis, mass, and 1H NMR spectra, as well as magnetic moment, conductance measurements, and thermal analyses. All complexes have octahedral configurations except Cu(II) complex which has an extra square-planar geometry, while Ni(II) mixed complex has also formed a tetrahedral configuration and UO 2(II) complex which formed a favorable pentagonal biprymidial geometry. Magnetic moment of the binuclear Fe(III) complex is quite low compared to calculated value for two iron ions complex and thus shows antiferromagnetic interactions between the two adjacent ferric ions. The HL and metal complexes were tested against one stain Gram positive bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus), Gram negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli), and fungi ( Candida albicans). The tested compounds exhibited higher antibacterial acivities.

  10. DNA/RNA binding and anticancer/antimicrobial activities of polymer-copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lakshmipraba, Jagadeesan; Arunachalam, Sankaralingam; Riyasdeen, Anvarbatcha; Dhivya, Rajakumar; Vignesh, Sivanandham; Akbarsha, Mohammad Abdulkader; James, Rathinam Arthur

    2013-05-01

    Water soluble polymer-copper(II) complexes with various degrees of coordination in the polymer chain were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-visible and EPR spectra. The DNA/RNA binding behavior of these polymer-copper(II) complexes was examined by UV-visible absorption, emission and circular dichroism spectroscopic methods, and cyclic voltammetry techniques. The binding of the polymer-copper(II) complexes with DNA/RNA was mainly through intercalation but some amount of electrostatic interaction was also observed. This binding capacity increased with the degree of coordination of the complexes. The polymer-copper(II) complex having the highest degree of coordination was subjected to analysis of cytotoxic and antimicrobial properties. The cytotoxicity study indicated that the polymer-copper(II) complexes affected the viability of MCF-7 mammary carcinoma cells, and the cells responded to the treatment with mostly through apoptosis although a few cells succumbed to necrosis. The antimicrobial screening showed activity against some human pathogens.

  11. Architecture of the RNA polymerase II-Mediator core initiation complex.

    PubMed

    Plaschka, C; Larivière, L; Wenzeck, L; Seizl, M; Hemann, M; Tegunov, D; Petrotchenko, E V; Borchers, C H; Baumeister, W; Herzog, F; Villa, E; Cramer, P

    2015-02-19

    The conserved co-activator complex Mediator enables regulated transcription initiation by RNA polymerase (Pol) II. Here we reconstitute an active 15-subunit core Mediator (cMed) comprising all essential Mediator subunits from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The cryo-electron microscopic structure of cMed bound to a core initiation complex was determined at 9.7 Å resolution. cMed binds Pol II around the Rpb4-Rpb7 stalk near the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD). The Mediator head module binds the Pol II dock and the TFIIB ribbon and stabilizes the initiation complex. The Mediator middle module extends to the Pol II foot with a 'plank' that may influence polymerase conformation. The Mediator subunit Med14 forms a 'beam' between the head and middle modules and connects to the tail module that is predicted to bind transcription activators located on upstream DNA. The Mediator 'arm' and 'hook' domains contribute to a 'cradle' that may position the CTD and TFIIH kinase to stimulate Pol II phosphorylation.

  12. DNA Binding and Antitumor Activity of α-Diimineplatinum(II) and Palladium(II) Dithiocarbamate Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Mansouri-Torshizi, Hassan; Saeidifar, Maryam; Khosravi, Fatemeh; Divsalar, Adeleh; Saboury, Ali Akbar; Hassani, Fatemeh

    2011-01-01

    The two water-soluble designed platinum(II) complex, [Pt(Oct-dtc)(bpy)]NO3 (Oct-dtc = Octyldithiocarbamate and bpy = 2,2′ -bipyridine) and palladium(II) complex, [Pd(Oct-dtc)(bpy)]NO3, have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductivity measurements, IR, 1H NMR, and electronic spectra studies. Studies of antitumor activity of these complexes against human cell tumor lines (K562) have been carried out. They show Ic50 values lower than that of cisplatin. The complexes have been investigated for their interaction with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) by utilizing the electronic absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectra, and ethidium bromide displacement and gel filtration techniques. Both of these water-soluble complexes bound cooperatively and intercalatively to the CT-DNA at very low concentrations. Several binding and thermodynamic parameters are also described. PMID:22110410

  13. Anti-Plasmodial Activity of Aroylhydrazone and Thiosemicarbazone Iron Chelators: Effect on Erythrocyte Membrane Integrity, Parasite Development and the Intracellular Labile Iron Pool

    PubMed Central

    Walcourt, Asikiya; Kurantsin-Mills, Joseph; Kwagyan, John; Adenuga, Babafemi B.; Kalinowski, Danuta S.; Lovejoy, David B.; Lane, Darius J. R.; Richardson, Des R.

    2013-01-01

    Iron chelators inhibit the growth of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, in culture and in animal and human studies. We previously reported the anti-plasmodial activity of the chelators, 2-hydroxy-1-naphthylaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone (311), 2-hydroxy-1-naphthylaldehyde 4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (N4mT), and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthylaldehyde 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (N4pT). In fact, these ligands showed greater growth inhibition of chloroquine-sensitive (3D7) and chloroquine-resistant (7G8) strains of P. falciparum in culture compared to desferrioxamine (DFO). The present study examined the effects of 311, N4mT and N4pT on erythrocyte membrane integrity and asexual parasite development. While the characteristic biconcave disk shape of the erythrocytes was unaffected, the chelators caused very slight hemolysis at IC50 values that inhibited parasite growth. The chelators 311, N4mT and N4pT affected all stages of the intra-erythrocytic development cycle (IDC) of P. falciparum in culture. However, while these ligands primarily affected the ring-stage, DFO inhibited primarily trophozoite and schizont-stages. Ring, trophozoite and schizont-stages of the IDC were inhibited by significantly lower concentrations of 311, N4mT, and N4pT (IC50 = 4.45 ± 1.70, 10.30 ± 4.40, and 3.64 ± 2.00 μM, respectively) than DFO (IC50 = 23.43 ± 3.40 μM). Complexation of 311, N4mT and N4pT with iron reduced their anti-plasmodial activity. Estimation of the intracellular labile iron pool (LIP) in erythrocytes showed that the chelation efficacy of 311, N4mT and N4pT corresponded to their anti-plasmodial activity, suggesting that the LIP may be a potential source of non-heme iron for parasite metabolism within the erythrocyte. This study has implications for malaria chemotherapy that specifically disrupts parasite iron utilization. PMID:24028863

  14. Synthesis, spectral characterization, structural investigation and antimicrobial studies of mononuclear Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes of a new potentially hexadentate N2O4 Schiff base ligand derived from salicylaldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keypour, Hassan; Shayesteh, Maryam; Rezaeivala, Majid; Chalabian, Firoozeh; Elerman, Yalcin; Buyukgungor, Orhan

    2013-01-01

    A new potentially hexadentate N2O4 Schiff base ligand, H2L derived from condensation reaction of an aromatic diamine and salicylaldehyde, and its metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-Vis, EI-MS, 1H and 13C NMR spectra, as well as conductance measurements. It has been originated that the Schiff base ligand with Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions form mononuclear complexes on 1:1 (metal:ligand) stoichiometry. The conductivity data confirm the non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. Also the crystal structures of the complexes [ZnL] and [CoL] have also been determined by using X-ray crystallographic technique. The Zn(II) and Co(II) complexes show a tetrahedral configuration. Electronic absorption spectra of the Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes suggest a square-planar geometry around the central metal ion. The synthesized compounds have antibacterial activity against the three Gram-positive bacteria: Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis and Listeria monocytogenes and also against the three Gram-negative bacteria: Salmonella paraB, Citrobacter freundii and Enterobacter aerogenes. The results showed that in some cases the antibacterial activity of complexes were more than nalidixic acid and amoxicillin as standards.

  15. A series of tetraazalene radical-bridged M2 (M = CrIII, MnII, FeII, CoII) complexes with strong magnetic exchange coupling.

    PubMed

    DeGayner, Jordan A; Jeon, Ie-Rang; Harris, T David

    2015-11-13

    The ability of tetraazalene radical bridging ligands to mediate exceptionally strong magnetic exchange coupling across a range of transition metal complexes is demonstrated. The redox-active bridging ligand N , N ', N '', N '''-tetra(2-methylphenyl)-2,5-diamino-1,4-diiminobenzoquinone ( NMePh LH 2 ) was metalated to give the series of dinuclear complexes [(TPyA) 2 M 2 ( NMePh L 2- )] 2+ (TPyA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine, M = Mn II , Fe II , Co II ). Variable-temperature dc magnetic susceptibility data for these complexes reveal the presence of weak superexchange interactions between metal centers, and fits to the data provide coupling constants of J = -1.64(1) and -2.16(2) cm -1 for M = Mn II and Fe II , respectively. One-electron reduction of the complexes affords the reduced analogues [(TPyA) 2 M 2 ( NMePh L 3- ˙)] + . Following a slightly different synthetic procedure, the related complex [(TPyA) 2 CrIII2( NMePh L 3- ˙)] 3+ was obtained. X-ray diffraction, cyclic voltammetry, and Mössbauer spectroscopy indicate the presence of radical NMePh L 3- ˙ bridging ligands in these complexes. Variable-temperature dc magnetic susceptibility data of the radical-bridged species reveal the presence of strong magnetic interactions between metal centers and ligand radicals, with simulations to data providing exchange constants of J = -626(7), -157(7), -307(9), and -396(16) cm -1 for M = Cr III , Mn II , Fe II , and Co II , respectively. Moreover, the strength of magnetic exchange in the radical-bridged complexes increases linearly with decreasing M-L bond distance in the oxidized analogues. Finally, ac magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal that [(TPyA) 2 Fe 2 ( NMePh L 3- ˙)] + behaves as a single-molecule magnet with a relaxation barrier of U eff = 52(1) cm -1 . These results highlight the ability of redox-active tetraazalene bridging ligands to enable dramatic enhancement of magnetic exchange coupling upon redox chemistry and provide a rare opportunity to examine

  16. DNA cleavage, antibacterial, antifungal and anthelmintic studies of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of coumarin Schiff bases: Synthesis and spectral approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patil, Sangamesh A.; Prabhakara, Chetan T.; Halasangi, Bhimashankar M.; Toragalmath, Shivakumar S.; Badami, Prema S.

    2015-02-01

    The metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) have been synthesized from 6-formyl-7,8-dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarin with o-toluidine/3-aminobenzotrifluoride. The synthesized Schiff bases and their metal complexes were structurally characterized based on IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-visible, ESR, magnetic, thermal, fluorescence, mass and ESI-MS studies. The molar conductance values indicate that complexes are non-electrolytic in nature. Elemental analysis reveals ML2·2H2O [M = Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II)] stoichiometry, where 'L' stands for a singly deprotonated ligand. The presence of co-ordinated water molecules were confirmed by thermal studies. The spectroscopic studies suggest the octahedral geometry. Redox behavior of the complexes were confirmed by cyclic voltammetry. All the synthesized compounds were screened for their antibacterial (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas auregenosa, klebsiella, Proteus, Staphylococcus aureus and salmonella) antifungal (Candida, Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus), anthelmintic (Pheretima posthuma) and DNA cleavage (Calf Thymus DNA) activity.

  17. Synthesis, characterization and biological activity of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes of biopolymeric Schiff bases of salicylaldehydes and chitosan.

    PubMed

    de Araújo, Eliene Leandro; Barbosa, Hellen Franciane Gonçalves; Dockal, Edward Ralph; Cavalheiro, Éder Tadeu Gomes

    2017-02-01

    Schiff bases have been prepared from biopolymer chitosan and salicylaldehyde, 5-methoxysalicylaldehyde, and 5-nitrosalicylaldehyde. Ligands were synthesized in a 1:1.5mol ratio, and their Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes in a 1:1mol ratio (ligand:metal). Ligands were characterized by 1 H NMR and FTIR, resulting in degrees of substitution from 43.7 to 78.7%. Complexes were characterized using FTIR, electronic spectra, XPRD. The compounds were confirmed by the presence of an imine bond stretching in the 1630-1640cm -1 and νMetal-N and νMetal-O at <600cm -1 . Electronic spectra revealed that both Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes present a square plane geometry. The crystallinity values were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction. Thermal behavior of all compounds was evaluated by TGA/DTG and DTA curves with mass losses related to dehydration and decomposition, with characteristic events for ligand and complexes. Schiff base complexes presented lower thermal stability and crystallinity than the starting chitosan. Residues were the metallic oxides as confirmed by XPRD, whose amounts were used in the calculation of the percentage of complexed metal ions. Surface morphologies were analyzed with SEM-EDAX. Preliminary cytotoxicity tests were performed using MTT assay with HeLa cells. Despite the differences in solubility, the free bases presented relatively low toxicity. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Nickel-quinolones interaction. Part 4. Structure and biological evaluation of nickel(II)-enrofloxacin complexes compared to zinc(II) analogues.

    PubMed

    Skyrianou, Kalliopi C; Psycharis, Vassilis; Raptopoulou, Catherine P; Kessissoglou, Dimitris P; Psomas, George

    2011-01-01

    The nickel(II) complexes with the second-generation quinolone antibacterial agent enrofloxacin in the presence or absence of the nitrogen-donor heterocyclic ligands 1,10-phenanthroline, 2,2'-bipyridine or pyridine have been synthesized and characterized. Enrofloxacin acts as bidentate ligand coordinated to Ni(II) ion through the ketone oxygen and a carboxylato oxygen. The crystal structure of (1,10-phenanthroline)bis(enrofloxacinato)nickel(II) has been determined by X-ray crystallography. UV study of the interaction of the complexes with calf-thymus DNA (CT DNA) has shown that they bind to CT DNA and bis(pyridine)bis(enrofloxacinato)nickel(II) exhibits the highest binding constant to CT DNA. The cyclic voltammograms of the complexes have shown that in the presence of CT DNA the complexes can bind to CT DNA by the intercalative binding mode which has also been verified by DNA solution viscosity measurements. Competitive study with ethidium bromide (EB) has shown that the complexes can displace the DNA-bound EB indicating that they bind to DNA in strong competition with EB. The complexes exhibit good binding propensity to human or bovine serum albumin protein having relatively high binding constant values. The biological properties of the complexes have been evaluated in comparison to the corresponding Zn(II) enrofloxacinato complexes as well as Ni(II) complexes with the first-generation quinolone oxolinic acid. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. DNA incision evaluation, binding investigation and biocidal screening of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes with isoxazole Schiff bases.

    PubMed

    Ganji, Nirmala; Chityala, Vijay Kumar; Marri, Pradeep Kumar; Aveli, Rambabu; Narendrula, Vamsikrishna; Daravath, Sreenu; Shivaraj

    2017-10-01

    Two new series of binary metal complexes [M(L 1 ) 2 ] and [M(L 2 ) 2 ] where, M=Cu(II), Ni(II) & Co(II) and L 1 =4-((3,4-dimethylisoxazol-5-ylimino)methyl)benzene-1,3-diol; L 2 =2-((3,4-dimethylisoxazol-5-ylimino)methyl)-5-methoxyphenol were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, 1 H NMR, 13 C NMR, FT-IR, ESI mass, UV-Visible, magnetic moment, ESR, SEM and powder XRD studies. Based on these results, a square planar geometry is assigned for all the metal complexes where the Schiff base acts as uninegatively charged bidentate chelating agent via the hydroxyl oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms. DNA binding studies of all the complexes with calf thymus DNA have been comprehensively investigated using electronic absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence quenching and viscosity studies. The oxidative and photo cleavage affinity of metal complexes towards supercoiled pBR322 DNA has been ascertained by agarose gel electrophoresis assay. From the results, it is observed that all the metal complexes bind effectively to CT-DNA via an intercalative mode of binding and also cleave pBR322 DNA in a promising manner. Further the Cu(II) complexes have shown better binding and cleavage properties towards DNA. The antimicrobial activities of the Schiff bases and their metal complexes were studied on bacterial and fungal strains and the results denoted that the complexes are more potent than their Schiff base ligands. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Synthesis and Ligand Non-Innocence of Thiolate-Ligated (N4S) Iron(II) and Nickel(II) Bis(imino)pyridine Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Widger, Leland R.; Jiang, Yunbo; Siegler, Maxime; Kumar, Devesh; Latifi, Reza; de Visser, Sam P.; Jameson, Guy N.L.; Goldberg, David P.

    2013-01-01

    The known iron(II) complex [FeII(LN3S)(OTf)] (1) was used as starting material to prepare the new biomimetic (N4S(thiolate)) iron(II) complexes [FeII(LN3S)(py)](OTf) (2) and [FeII(LN3S)(DMAP)](OTf) (3), where LN3S is a tetradentate bis(imino)pyridine (BIP) derivative with a covalently tethered phenylthiolate donor. These complexes were characterized by X-ray crystallography, UV-vis, 1H NMR, and Mössbauer spectroscopy, as well as electrochemistry. A nickel(II) analogue, [NiII(LN3S)](BF4) (5), was also synthesized and characterized by structural and spectroscopic methods. Cyclic voltammetric studies showed 1 – 3 and 5 undergo a single reduction process with E1/2 between −0.9 to −1.2 V versus Fc+/Fc. Treatment of 3 with 0.5% Na/Hg amalgam gave the mono-reduced complex [Fe(LN3S)(DMAP)]0 (4), which was characterized by X-ray crystallography, UV-vis, EPR (g = [2.155, 2.057, 2.038]) and Mössbauer (δ = 0.33 mm s−1; ΔEQ = 2.04 mm s−1) spectroscopies. Computational methods (DFT) were employed to model complexes 3 – 5. The combined experimental and computational studies show that 1 – 3 are 5-coordinate, high-spin (S = 2) FeII complexes, whereas 4 is best described as a 5-coordinate, intermediate-spin (S = 1) FeII complex antiferromagnetically coupled to a ligand radical. This unique electronic configuration leads to an overall doublet spin (Stotal = ½) ground state. Complexes 2 and 3 are shown to react with O2 to give S-oxygenated products, as previously reported for 1. In contrast, the mono-reduced 4 appears to react with O2 to give a mixture of S- and Fe-oxygenates. The nickel(II) complex 5 does not react with O2, and even when the mono-reduced nickel complex is produced, it appears to undergo only outer-sphere oxidation with O2. PMID:23992096

  1. Synthesis, characterization and anti-microbial activity of a novel macrocyclic ligand derived from the reaction of 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid with homopiperazine and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soleimani, Esmaiel

    2011-05-01

    The preparation of a novel macrocyclic ligand ( 1), N,N'-diethylhomopiperazinyl,2,6-pyridinedicarboxylate and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) complexes are described. The ligand was prepared in EtOH from the reaction of dipotassium salt of 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid with 1,2-dibromoethane in the presence of homopiperazine. Reaction of macrocyclic ligand ( 1) in EtOH with CoCl 2.6H 2O, NiCl 2.6H 2O, CuCl 2.2H 2O, and ZnCl 2·2H 2O yielded the complexes with the general formula [M(L)Cl 2] {where M = Co(II) ( 2), Ni(II) ( 3), Cu(II) ( 4), Zn ( 5), respectively}. The analysis of IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectral data of macrocyclic ligand ( 1) and its Zn(II) complex ( 5) together with their molar conductivity values, and the magnetic moments of the complexes suggest that the macrocyclic ligand ( 1) is bonded to metal(II) ions through two oxygen atoms of ester moiety and the two nitrogen atoms of homopiperazine ring. The electronic spectral data of these complexes in DMSO are in good agreement with the octahedral coordination of M(II) ions. The ligand field parameters for these complexes, i.e. splitting energy and Racah parameter were calculated to be 14,945 and 673 cm -1 for the Co(II) ( 2), 16,260 and 774 cm -1 for the Ni(II) ( 3) complexes respectively. The spliting energy of 17,262 cm -1 was obtained for the Cu(II) complex ( 4).

  2. Spectroscopic, Elemental and Thermal Analysis, and Positron Annihilation Studies on Ca(II), Sr(II), Ba(II), Pb(II), and Fe(III) Penicillin G Potassium Complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Refat, M. S.; Sharshara, T.

    2015-11-01

    The [Pb(Pin)2] · 3H2O, [M(Pin)(H2O)2(Cl)] · nH2O (M = SrII, CaII or BaII; n = 0-1), and [Fe(Pin)2(Cl)(H2O)] · H2O penicillin G potassium (Pin) complexes were synthesized and characterized using elemental analyses, molar conductivity, thermal analysis and electronic spectroscopy techniques. The positron annihilation lifetime (PAL) and Doppler broadening (DB) techniques have been employed to probe the defects and structural changes of Pin ligand and its complexes. The PAL and DB line-shape parameters were discussed in terms of the structure, molecular weight, ligand-metal molar ratio, and other properties of the Pin complexes.

  3. Synthesis, characterization, DFT calculations and molecular docking studies of metal (II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekennia, Anthony C.; Osowole, Aderoju A.; Olasunkanmi, Lukman O.; Onwudiwe, Damian C.; Olubiyi, Olujide O.; Ebenso, Eno E.

    2017-12-01

    Two novel ligands, 2-methyl-6-[(5-methyl benzothiazol-2-ylimino)-methyl]-2-methoxycyclohexa-1,5-dienol (HL1) and 2-methyl-6-[(5-floro-benzothiazol-2-ylimino)-methyl]-2-methoxycyclohexa-1,5-dienol (HL2) were synthesized from the condensation reaction of 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde with 2-amino-6-methylbenzothiazole and 2-amino-6-florobenzothiazole respectively. Mononuclear Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes of the ligands were synthesized and characterized using elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, thermogravimetric, conductance, infrared and UV-visible spectroscopic measurements. The 1H NMR, 13C NMR, Dept-90 NMR spectroscopy of the ligands was also recorded to establish the formation of the Schiff bases. The analytical data of the complexes showed that the metal to ligand ratio was 1:1 for Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes of HL1 and Cu(II) complexes of HL2, while Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes of HL2 was 1:2. The infrared spectral data showed that the chelation behaviour of the ligands towards transition metal ions was through phenolic oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms. Molar conductivity revealed the non-electrolytic nature of all chelates in DMSO solution. The geometry of the complexes was deduced from thermal, magnetic susceptibility and UV-visible spectroscopic results and was further confirmed with DFT calculations. The compounds were subjected to in-vitro antibacterial screening using agar well diffusion method on some clinically isolated Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria strains. The compounds showed varied antibacterial activities. Molecular docking studies were carried out to study the molecular interaction between the compounds and different enzymes of the bacterial strains. The antioxidant potentials of the compounds were studied using ferrous ion chelating assay and 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay. However, the complexes had better antioxidant potentials compared to the ligands.

  4. Synthesis, characterization, and anti-cancer activity of emodin-Mn(II) metal complex.

    PubMed

    Yang, Li; Tan, Jun; Wang, Bo-Chu; Zhu, Lian-Cai

    2014-12-01

    To synthesize and characterize a novel metal complex of Mn (II) with emodin, and evaluate its anti-cancer activity. The elemental analyses, IR, UV-vis, atomic absorption spectroscopy, TG-DSC, (1)H NMR, and (13)C NMR data were used to characterize the structure of the complex. The cytotoxicity of the complex against the human cancer cell lines HepG2, HeLa, MCF-7, B16, and MDA-MB-231 was tested by the MTT assay and flow cytometry. Emodin was coordinated with Mn(II) through the 9-C=O and 1-OH, and the general formula of the complex was Mn(II) (emodin)2·2H2O. In studies of the cytotoxicity, the complex exhibited significant activity, and the IC50 values of the complex against five cancer cell lines improved approximately three-fold compared with those of emodin. The complex could induce cell morphological changes, decrease the percentage of viability, and induce G0/G1 phase arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells. The coordination of emodin with Mn(II) can improve its anticancer activity, and the complex Mn(II) (emodin)2·2H2O could be studied further as a promising anticancer drug. Copyright © 2014 China Pharmaceutical University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Synthesis, spectroscopic and DNA binding ability of CoII, NiII, CuII and ZnII complexes of Schiff base ligand (E)-1-(((1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)methylimino)methyl)naphthalen-2-ol. X-ray crystal structure determination of cobalt (II) complex.

    PubMed

    Yarkandi, Naeema H; El-Ghamry, Hoda A; Gaber, Mohamed

    2017-06-01

    A novel Schiff base ligand, (E)-1-(((1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)methylimino)methyl)naphthalen-2-ol (HL), has been designed and synthesized in addition to its metal chelates [Co(L) 2 ]·l2H 2 O, [Ni(L)Cl·(H 2 O) 2 ].5H 2 O, [Cu(L)Cl] and [Zn(L)(CH 3 COO)]. The structures of the isolated compounds have been confirmed and identified by means of different spectral and physicochemical techniques including CHN analysis, 1 H & 13 C NMR, mass spectral analysis, molar conductivity measurement, UV-Vis, infrared, magnetic moment in addition to TGA technique. The infrared spectral results ascertained that the ligand acts as monobasic tridentate binding to the metal centers via deprotonated hydroxyl oxygen, azomethine and imidazole nitrogen atoms. The UV-Vis, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity data implied octahedral geometry for Co(II) & Ni(II) complexes, tetrahedral for Zn(II) complex and square planar for Cu(II) complex. X-ray structural analysis of Co(II) complex 1 has been reported and discussed. Moreover, the type of interaction between the ligand & its complexes towards salmon sperm DNA (SS-DNA) has been examined by the measurement of absorption spectra and viscosity which confirmed that the ligand and its complexes interact with DNA via intercalation interaction as concluded from the values of binding constants (K b ). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. DNA cleavage, antibacterial, antifungal and anthelmintic studies of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of coumarin Schiff bases: synthesis and spectral approach.

    PubMed

    Patil, Sangamesh A; Prabhakara, Chetan T; Halasangi, Bhimashankar M; Toragalmath, Shivakumar S; Badami, Prema S

    2015-02-25

    The metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) have been synthesized from 6-formyl-7,8-dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarin with o-toluidine/3-aminobenzotrifluoride. The synthesized Schiff bases and their metal complexes were structurally characterized based on IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, UV-visible, ESR, magnetic, thermal, fluorescence, mass and ESI-MS studies. The molar conductance values indicate that complexes are non-electrolytic in nature. Elemental analysis reveals ML2·2H2O [M = Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II)] stoichiometry, where 'L' stands for a singly deprotonated ligand. The presence of co-ordinated water molecules were confirmed by thermal studies. The spectroscopic studies suggest the octahedral geometry. Redox behavior of the complexes were confirmed by cyclic voltammetry. All the synthesized compounds were screened for their antibacterial (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas auregenosa, klebsiella, Proteus, Staphylococcus aureus and salmonella) antifungal (Candida, Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus), anthelmintic (Pheretima posthuma) and DNA cleavage (Calf Thymus DNA) activity. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Synthetic bioactive novel ether based Schiff bases and their copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shabbir, Muhammad; Akhter, Zareen; Ismail, Hammad; Mirza, Bushra

    2017-10-01

    Novel ether based Schiff bases (HL1- HL4) were synthesized from 5-chloro-2-hydroxy benzaldehyde and primary amines (1-amino-4-phenoxybenzene, 4-(4-aminophenyloxy) biphenyl, 1-(4-aminophenoxy) naphthalene and 2-(4-aminophenoxy) naphthalene). From these Schiff bases copper(II) complexes (Cu(L1)2-Cu(L4)2)) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic (FTIR, NMR) techniques. The synthesized Schiff bases and copper(II) complexes were further assessed for various biological studies. In brine shrimp assay the copper(II) complexes revealed 4-fold higher activity (LD50 3.8 μg/ml) as compared with simple ligands (LD50 12.4 μg/ml). Similar findings were observed in potato disc antitumor assay with higher activities for copper(II) complexes (IC50 range 20.4-24.1 μg/ml) than ligands (IC50 range 40.5-48.3 μg/ml). DPPH assay was performed to determine the antioxidant potential of the compounds. Significant antioxidant activity was shown by the copper(II) complexes whereas simple ligands have shown no activity. In DNA protection assay significant protection behavior was exhibited by simple ligand molecules while copper(II) complexes showed neutral behavior (neither protective nor damaging).

  8. Intercalation of a Zn(II) complex containing ciprofloxacin drug between DNA base pairs.

    PubMed

    Shahabadi, Nahid; Asadian, Ali Ashraf; Mahdavi, Mryam

    2017-11-02

    In this study, an attempt has been made to study the interaction of a Zn(II) complex containing an antibiotic drug, ciprofloxacin, with calf thymus DNA using spectroscopic methods. It was found that Zn(II) complex could bind with DNA via intercalation mode as evidenced by: hyperchromism in UV-Vis spectrum; these spectral characteristics suggest that the Zn(II) complex interacts with DNA most likely through a mode that involves a stacking interaction between the aromatic chromophore and the base pairs of DNA. DNA binding constant (K b = 1.4 × 10 4 M -1 ) from spectrophotometric studies of the interaction of Zn(II) complex with DNA is comparable to those of some DNA intercalative polypyridyl Ru(II) complexes 1.0 -4.8 × 10 4 M -1 . CD study showed stabilization of the right-handed B form of DNA in the presence of Zn(II) complex as observed for the classical intercalator methylene blue. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔH < 0 and ΔS < 0) indicated that hydrogen bond and Van der Waals play main roles in this binding prose. Competitive fluorimetric studies with methylene blue (MB) dye have shown that Zn(II) complex exhibits the ability of this complex to displace with DNA-MB, indicating that it binds to DNA in strong competition with MB for the intercalation.

  9. Zeolite-encapsulated Co(II), Mn(II), Cu(II) and Cr(III) salen complexes as catalysts for efficient selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, F. H.; Bi, H.; Huang, D. X.; Zhang, M.; Song, Y. B.

    2018-01-01

    Co(II), Mn(II), Cu(II) and Cr(III) salen type complexes were synthesized in situ in Y zeolite by the reaction of ion-exchanged metal ions with the flexible ligand molecules that had diffused into the cavities. Data of characterization indicates the formation of metal salen complexes in the pores without affecting the zeolite framework structure, the absence of any extraneous species and the geometry of encapsulated complexes. The catalytic activity results show that Cosalcyen Y exhibited higher catalytic activity in the water phase selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol, which could be attributed to their geometry and the steric environment of the metal actives sites.

  10. Photoisomerization of ruthenium(ii) aquo complexes: mechanistic insights and application development.

    PubMed

    Hirahara, Masanari; Yagi, Masayuki

    2017-03-21

    Ruthenium(ii) complexes with polypyridyl ligands have been extensively studied as promising functional molecules due to their unique photochemical and photophysical properties as well as redox properties. In this context, we report the photoisomerization of distal-[Ru(tpy)(pynp)OH 2 ] 2+ (d-1) (tpy = 2,2';6',2''-terpyridine, pynp = 2-(2-pyridyl)-1,8-naphthyridine) to proximal-[Ru(tpy)(pynp)OH 2 ] 2+ (p-1), which has not been previously characterized for polypyridyl ruthenium(ii) aquo complexes. Herein, we review recent progress made by our group on the mechanistic insights and application developments related to the photoisomerization of polypyridyl ruthenium(ii) aquo complexes. We report a new strategic synthesis of dinuclear ruthenium(ii) complexes that can act as an active water oxidation catalyst, as well as the development of unique visible-light-responsive giant vesicles, both of which were achieved based on photoisomerization.

  11. Synthesis, spectral and theoretical studies of Ni(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes of 5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole-3-imine-2'-hydroxynaphthaline.

    PubMed

    Gaber, Mohamed; El-Ghamry, Hoda; Atlam, Faten; Fathalla, Shaimaa

    2015-02-25

    Ni(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes of 5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole-3-imine-2'-hydroxynaphthaline have been isolated and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, (1)H NMR, EI-mass, UV-vis, molar conductance, magnetic moment measurements and thermogravimetric analysis. The molar conductance values indicated that the complexes are non-electrolytes. The magnetic moment values of the complexes displayed diamagnetic behavior for Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes and tetrahedral geometrical structure for Ni(II) complex. From the bioinorganic applications point of view, the interaction of the ligand and its metal complexes with CT-DNA was investigated using absorption and viscosity titration techniques. The Schiff-base ligand and its metal complexes have also been screened for their antimicrobial and antitumor activities. Also, theoretical investigation of molecular and electronic structures of the studied ligand and its metal complexes has been carried out. Molecular orbital calculations were performed using DFT (density functional theory) at B3LYP level with standard 6-31G(d,p) and LANL2DZ basis sets to access reliable results to the experimental values. The calculations were performed to obtain the optimized molecular geometry, charge density distribution, extent of distortion from regular geometry, the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO), Mulliken atomic charges, reactivity index (ΔE), dipole moment (D), global hardness (η), softness (σ), electrophilicity index (ω), chemical potential and Mulliken electronegativity (χ). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Synthesis, Characterization and Antibacterial Activity of 1,4-di[ aminomethylene carboxyl] phenylene (H2L) and its Complexes Co(II), Cu (II), Zn(II) and Cd (II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sultan, J. S.; Fezea, S. M.; Mousa, F. H.

    2018-05-01

    A binucleating tetradentate Schiff base ligand, 1,4- di[amino methylene carboxylic] phenylene (H2L) and its forth new binuclear complexes [Co(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II)] were prepared via reaction metal (II) chloride with ligand (H2L) using 2:1 (M:L) in ethanol solvent. The new ligand (H2L) and its complexes were characterized by elemental microanalysis (C.H.N), atomic absorption, chloride content, molar conductance’s magnetic susceptibility, FTIR UV- Vis spectral and, 1H, 13 C- NMR (for H2L). The antibacterial activity with bacteria activity with bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus and Esccherichia Coli were studied.

  13. Differential susceptibility of mitochondrial complex II to inhibition by oxaloacetate in brain and heart.

    PubMed

    Stepanova, Anna; Shurubor, Yevgeniya; Valsecchi, Federica; Manfredi, Giovanni; Galkin, Alexander

    2016-09-01

    Mitochondrial Complex II is a key mitochondrial enzyme connecting the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and the electron transport chain. Studies of complex II are clinically important since new roles for this enzyme have recently emerged in cell signalling, cancer biology, immune response and neurodegeneration. Oxaloacetate (OAA) is an intermediate of the TCA cycle and at the same time is an inhibitor of complex II with high affinity (Kd~10(-8)M). Whether or not OAA inhibition of complex II is a physiologically relevant process is a significant, but still controversial topic. We found that complex II from mouse heart and brain tissue has similar affinity to OAA and that only a fraction of the enzyme in isolated mitochondrial membranes (30.2±6.0% and 56.4±5.6% in the heart and brain, respectively) is in the free, active form. Since OAA could bind to complex II during isolation, we established a novel approach to deplete OAA in the homogenates at the early stages of isolation. In heart, this treatment significantly increased the fraction of free enzyme, indicating that OAA binds to complex II during isolation. In brain the OAA-depleting system did not significantly change the amount of free enzyme, indicating that a large fraction of complex II is already in the OAA-bound inactive form. Furthermore, short-term ischemia resulted in a dramatic decline of OAA in tissues, but it did not change the amount of free complex II. Our data show that in brain OAA is an endogenous effector of complex II, potentially capable of modulating the activity of the enzyme. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of copper, cobalt, nickel and iron in foodstuffs and vegetables with a new bis thiosemicarbazone ligand using chemometric approaches.

    PubMed

    Rohani Moghadam, Masoud; Poorakbarian Jahromi, Sayedeh Maria; Darehkordi, Ali

    2016-02-01

    A newly synthesized bis thiosemicarbazone ligand, (2Z,2'Z)-2,2'-((4S,5R)-4,5,6-trihydroxyhexane-1,2-diylidene)bis(N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide), was used to make a complex with Cu(2+), Ni(2+), Co(2+) and Fe(3+) for their simultaneous spectrophotometric determination using chemometric methods. By Job's method, the ratio of metal to ligand in Ni(2+) was found to be 1:2, whereas it was 1:4 for the others. The effect of pH on the sensitivity and selectivity of the formed complexes was studied according to the net analyte signal (NAS). Under optimum conditions, the calibration graphs were linear in the ranges of 0.10-3.83, 0.20-3.83, 0.23-5.23 and 0.32-8.12 mg L(-1) with the detection limits of 2, 3, 4 and 10 μg L(-1) for Cu(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+) and Fe(3+) respectively. The OSC-PLS1 for Cu(2+) and Ni(2+), the PLS1 for Co(2+) and the PC-FFANN for Fe(3+) were selected as the best models. The selected models were successfully applied for the simultaneous determination of elements in some foodstuffs and vegetables. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Spectroscopic and DFT studies of flurbiprofen as dimer and its Cu(II) and Hg(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sagdinc, Seda; Pir, Hacer

    2009-07-01

    The vibrational study in the solid state of flurbiprofen and its Cu(II) and Hg(II) complexes was performed by IR and Raman spectroscopy. The changes observed between the IR and Raman spectra of the ligand and of the complexes allowed us to establish the coordination mode of the metal in both complexes. The comparative vibrational analysis of the free ligand and its complexes gave evidence that flurbiprofen binds metal (II) through the carboxylate oxygen. The fully optimized equilibrium structure of flurbiprofen and its metal complexes was obtained by density functional B3LYP method by using LanL2DZ and 6-31 G(d,p) basis sets. The harmonic vibrational frequencies, infrared intensities and Raman scattering activities of flurbiprofen were calculated by density functional B3LYP methods by using 6-31G(d,p) basis set. The scaled theoretical wavenumbers showed very good agreement with the experimental values. The electronic properties of the free molecule and its complexes were also performed at B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory. Detailed interpretations of the infrared and Raman spectra of flurbiprofen are reported. The UV-vis spectra of flurbiprofen and its metal complexes were also investigated in organic solvents.

  16. Efficient plasmid DNA cleavage by a mononuclear copper(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Sissi, Claudia; Mancin, Fabrizio; Gatos, Maddalena; Palumbo, Manlio; Tecilla, Paolo; Tonellato, Umberto

    2005-04-04

    The Cu(II) complex of the ligand all-cis-2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-trihydroxycyclohexane (TACI) is a very efficient catalyst of the cleavage of plasmid DNA in the absence of any added cofactor. The maximum rate of degradation of the supercoiled plasmid DNA form, obtained at pH 8.1 and 37 degrees C, in the presence of 48 microM TACI.Cu(II), is 2.3 x 10(-3) s(-1), corresponding to a half-life time of only 5 min for the cleavage of form I (supercoiled) to form II (relaxed circular). The dependence of the rate of plasmid DNA cleavage from the TACI.Cu(II) complex concentration follows an unusual and very narrow bell-like profile, which suggests an high DNA affinity of the complexes but also a great tendency to form unreactive dimers. The reactivity of the TACI.Cu(II) complexes is not affected by the presence of several scavengers for reactive oxygen species or when measured under anaerobic conditions. Moreover, no degradation of the radical reporter Rhodamine B is observed in the presence of such complexes. These results are consistent with the operation of a prevailing hydrolytic pathway under the normal conditions used, although the failure to obtain enzymatic religation of the linearized DNA does not allow one to rule out the occurrence of a nonhydrolytic oxygen-independent cleavage. A concurrent oxidative mechanism becomes competitive upon addition of reductants or in the presence of high levels of molecular oxygen: under such conditions, in fact, a remarkable increase in the rate of DNA cleavage is observed.

  17. Eco-Friendly Synthesis of Some Thiosemicarbazones and Their Applications as Intermediates for 5-Arylazothiazole Disperse Dyes.

    PubMed

    Gaffer, Hatem E; Khalifa, Mohamed E

    2015-12-09

    The solid-solid reactions of thiosemicarbazide with 4-formylantipyrine, 2-acetylpyrrole and camphor were performed to afford the thiosemicarbazones 1-3 which underwent hetero-cyclization with phenacyl bromide to furnish the corresponding thiazole derivatives 4-6. The yields of the reactions are quantitative in all cases and the products do not require further purification. A series of 5-arylazo-2-(substituted ylidene-hydrazinyl)-thiazole dyes 7-9 was then prepared by diazo coupling of thiazole derivatives 4-6 with several diazonium chlorides. The synthesized dyes were applied as disperse dyes for dyeing polyester fabric. The dyed fabrics exhibit good washing, perspiration, sublimation and light fastness properties, with little variation in their moderate to good rubbing fastness.

  18. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate-zinc(II) and -copper(II) complexes induce apoptosis in tumor cells by inhibiting the proteasomal activity☆

    PubMed Central

    Milacic, Vesna; Chen, Di; Giovagnini, Lorena; Diez, Alejandro; Fregona, Dolores; Dou, Q. Ping

    2013-01-01

    Zinc and copper are trace elements essential for proper folding, stabilization and catalytic activity of many metalloenzymes in living organisms. However, disturbed zinc and copper homeostasis is reported in many types of cancer. We have previously demonstrated that copper complexes induced proteasome inhibition and apoptosis in cultured human cancer cells. In the current study we hypothesized that zinc complexes could also inhibit the proteasomal chymotrypsin-like activity responsible for subsequent apoptosis induction. We first showed that zinc(II) chloride was able to inhibit the chymotrypsin-like activity of a purified 20S proteasome with an IC50 value of 13.8 μM, which was less potent than copper(II) chloride (IC50 5.3 μM). We then compared the potencies of a pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PyDT)-zinc(II) complex and a PyDT-copper(II) complex to inhibit cellular proteasomal activity, suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis in various human breast and prostate cancer cell lines. Consistently, zinc complex was less potent than copper complex in inhibiting the proteasome and inducing apoptosis. Additionally, zinc and copper complexes appear to use somewhat different mechanisms to kill tumor cells. Zinc complexes were able to activate calpain-, but not caspase-3-dependent pathway, while copper complexes were able to induce activation of both proteases. Furthermore, the potencies of these PyDT-metal complexes depend on the nature of metals and also on the ratio of PyDT to the metal ion within the complex, which probably affects their stability and availability for interacting with and inhibiting the proteasome in tumor cells. PMID:18501397

  19. Structural study of Cu(II) complexes with benzo[b]furancarboxylic acids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalinowska, Diana; Klepka, Marcin T.; Wolska, Anna; Drzewiecka-Antonik, Aleksandra; Ostrowska, Kinga; Struga, Marta

    2017-11-01

    Four Cu(II) complexes with 2- and 3-benzo[b]furancarboxylic acids have been synthesized and characterized using combination of two spectroscopic techniques. These techniques were: (i) FTIR and (ii) XAFS. FTIR analysis confirmed that complexes were formed and gave insight into identification of possible coordinating groups to the metallic center. XANES analysis indicated that the oxidation state of Cu is +2. EXAFS analysis allowed to identify that the first coordination sphere is formed by 4-5 oxygen atoms with the Cu-O distances around 2 Å. Combining these techniques it was possible to structurally describe novel Cu(II) complexes with benzo[b]furancarboxylic acids.

  20. Photochemical redox reactions of copper(II)-alanine complexes in aqueous solutions.

    PubMed

    Lin, Chen-Jui; Hsu, Chao-Sheng; Wang, Po-Yen; Lin, Yi-Liang; Lo, Yu-Shiu; Wu, Chien-Hou

    2014-05-19

    The photochemical redox reactions of Cu(II)/alanine complexes have been studied in deaerated solutions over an extensive range of pH, Cu(II) concentration, and alanine concentration. Under irradiation, the ligand-to-metal charge transfer results in the reduction of Cu(II) to Cu(I) and the concomitant oxidation of alanine, which produces ammonia and acetaldehyde. Molar absorptivities and quantum yields of photoproducts for Cu(II)/alanine complexes at 313 nm are characterized mainly with the equilibrium Cu(II) speciation where the presence of simultaneously existing Cu(II) species is taken into account. By applying regression analysis, individual Cu(I) quantum yields are determined to be 0.094 ± 0.014 for the 1:1 complex (CuL) and 0.064 ± 0.012 for the 1:2 complex (CuL2). Individual quantum yields of ammonia are 0.055 ± 0.007 for CuL and 0.036 ± 0.005 for CuL2. Individual quantum yields of acetaldehyde are 0.030 ± 0.007 for CuL and 0.024 ± 0.007 for CuL2. CuL always has larger quantum yields than CuL2, which can be attributed to the Cu(II) stabilizing effect of the second ligand. For both CuL and CuL2, the individual quantum yields of Cu(I), ammonia, and acetaldehyde are in the ratio of 1.8:1:0.7. A reaction mechanism for the formation of the observed photoproducts is proposed.

  1. DNA Binding, Cleavage and Antibacterial Activity of Mononuclear Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) Complexes Derived from Novel Benzothiazole Schiff Bases.

    PubMed

    Vamsikrishna, Narendrula; Kumar, Marri Pradeep; Tejaswi, Somapangu; Rambabu, Aveli; Shivaraj

    2016-07-01

    A series of novel bivalent metal complexes M(L1)2 and M(L2)2 where M = Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and L1 = 2-((benzo [d] thiazol-6-ylimino)methyl)-4-bromophenol [BTEMBP], L2 = 1-((benzo [d] thiazol-6-ylimino)methyl) naphthalen-2-ol [BTEMNAPP] were synthesized. All the compounds have been characterized by elemental analysis, SEM, Mass, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, UV-Vis, IR, ESR, spectral data and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Based on the analytical and spectral data four-coordinated square planar geometry is assigned to all the complexes. DNA binding properties of these complexes have been investigated by electronic absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence and viscosity measurements. It is observed that these binary complexes strongly bind to calf thymus DNA by an intercalation mode. DNA cleavage efficacy of these complexes was tested in presence of H2O2 and UV light by gel electrophoresis and found that all the complexes showed better nuclease activity. Finally the compounds were screened for antibacterial activity against few pathogens and found that the complexes have potent biocidal activity than their free ligands.

  2. Synthesis, spectral and theoretical studies of Ni(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes of 5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole-3-imine-2‧-hydroxynaphyhaline

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaber, Mohamed; El-Ghamry, Hoda; Atlam, Faten; Fathalla, Shaimaa

    2015-02-01

    Ni(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes of 5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole-3-imine-2‧-hydroxynaphthaline have been isolated and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, EI-mass, UV-vis, molar conductance, magnetic moment measurements and thermogravimetric analysis. The molar conductance values indicated that the complexes are non-electrolytes. The magnetic moment values of the complexes displayed diamagnetic behavior for Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes and tetrahedral geometrical structure for Ni(II) complex. From the bioinorganic applications point of view, the interaction of the ligand and its metal complexes with CT-DNA was investigated using absorption and viscosity titration techniques. The Schiff-base ligand and its metal complexes have also been screened for their antimicrobial and antitumor activities. Also, theoretical investigation of molecular and electronic structures of the studied ligand and its metal complexes has been carried out. Molecular orbital calculations were performed using DFT (density functional theory) at B3LYP level with standard 6-31G(d,p) and LANL2DZ basis sets to access reliable results to the experimental values. The calculations were performed to obtain the optimized molecular geometry, charge density distribution, extent of distortion from regular geometry, the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO), Mulliken atomic charges, reactivity index (ΔE), dipole moment (D), global hardness (η), softness (σ), electrophilicity index (ω), chemical potential and Mulliken electronegativity (χ).

  3. Formation of Hg(II) tetrathiolate complexes with cysteine at neutral pH

    DOE PAGES

    Warner, Thomas; Jalilehvand, Farideh

    2016-01-04

    Mercury(II) ions precipitate from aqueous cysteine (H 2Cys) solutions containing H 2Cys/Hg(II) mole ratio ≥ 2.0 as Hg( S-HCys) 2. In absence of additional cysteine, the precipitate dissolves at pH ~12 with the [Hg( S, N-Cys) 2] 2- complex dominating. With excess cysteine (H 2Cys/Hg(II) mole ratio ≥ 4.0), higher complexes form and the precipitate dissolves at lower pH values. Previously, we found that tetrathiolate [Hg( S-Cys) 4] 6- complexes form at pH = 11.0; in this work we extend the investigation to pH values of physiological interest. We examined two series of Hg(II)-cysteine solutions in which C Hg(II) variedmore » between 8 – 9 mM and 80 – 100 mM, respectively, with H 2Cys/Hg(II) mole ratios from 4 to ~20. The solutions were prepared in the pH range 7.1 – 8.8, at the pH at which the initial Hg( S-HCys) 2 precipitate dissolved. The variations in the Hg(II) speciation were followed by 199Hg NMR, X-ray absorption and Raman spectroscopic techniques. Our results show that in the dilute solutions (C Hg(II) = 8 – 9 mM), mixtures of di-, tri- (major) and tetrathiolate complexes exist at moderate cysteine excess (C H2Cys ~ 0.16 M) at pH 7.1. In the more concentrated solutions (C Hg(II) = 80 – 100 mM) with high cysteine excess (C H2Cys > 0.9 M), tetrathiolate [Hg( S-cysteinate) 4] m-6 ( m = 0 – 4) complexes dominate in the pH range 7.3 – 7.8, with lower charge than for the [Hg( S-Cys) 4] 6- complex due to protonation of some ( m) of the amino groups of the coordinated cysteine ligands. In conclusion, the results of this investigation could provide a key to the mechanism of biosorption and accumulation of Hg(II) ions in biological / environmental systems.« less

  4. Theoretical study of the magnetic behavior of hexanuclear Cu(II) and Ni(II) polysiloxanolato complexes.

    PubMed

    Ruiz, Eliseo; Cano, Joan; Alvarez, Santiago; Caneschi, Andrea; Gatteschi, Dante

    2003-06-04

    A theoretical density functional study of the exchange coupling in hexanuclear polysiloxanolato-bridged complexes of Cu(II) and Ni(II) is presented. By calculating the energies of three different spin configurations, we can obtain estimates of the first-, second-, and third-neighbor exchange coupling constants. The study has been carried out for the complete structures of the Cu pristine cluster and of the chloroenclathrated Ni complex as well as for the hypotethical pristine Ni compound and for magnetically dinuclear analogues M(2)Zn(4) (M = Cu, Ni).

  5. Synthesis of New Five Coordinated Copper(II) and Nickel(II) Complexes of L-Valine and Kinetic Study of Copper(II) with Calf Thymus DNA

    PubMed Central

    Tak, Aijaz Ahmad; Arjmand, Farukh

    2002-01-01

    Five coordinated novel complexes of Cu II and Ni II have been synthesized from benzil and 1,3- diaminopropane- Cu II / Ni II complex and characterized by elemental analysis, i.r., n.m.r., e.p.r, molar conductance and u.v-vis, spectroscopy. The complexes are ionic in nature and exhibit pentaeoordinated geometry around the metal ion. The reaction kinetics of C 25 H 36 N 5 O 2 CuCl with calf thymus DNA was studied by u.v-vis, spectroscopy in aqueous medium. The complex after interaction with calf thymus DNA shows shift in the absorption spectrum and hypochromicity indicating an intercalative binding mode. The K obs values have been calculated under pseudo-first order conditions. The redox behaviour of complex C 25 H 36 N 5 O 2 CuCl in the presence and in the absence of calf thymus DNA in the aqueous solution has been investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The cyclic voitammogram exhibits one quasi-reversible redox wave corresponding to Cu II / Cu I redox couple with E 1 / 2 values of -0.377 and -0.237 V respectively at a scan rate of 0.1V s - 1 .On interaction with calf thymus DNA, the complex C 25 H 36 N 5 O 2 CuCl exhibits shifts in both E p as well as in E 1 / 2 values, indicating strong binding of the complex to the calf thymus DNA. PMID:18475428

  6. Heavy ligand atom induced large magnetic anisotropy in Mn(ii) complexes.

    PubMed

    Chowdhury, Sabyasachi Roy; Mishra, Sabyashachi

    2017-06-28

    In the search for single molecule magnets, metal ions are considered pivotal towards achieving large magnetic anisotropy barriers. In this context, the influence of ligands with heavy elements, showing large spin-orbit coupling, on magnetic anisotropy barriers was investigated using a series of Mn(ii)-based complexes, in which the metal ion did not have any orbital contribution. The mixing of metal and ligand orbitals was achieved by explicitly correlating the metal and ligand valence electrons with CASSCF calculations. The CASSCF wave functions were further used for evaluating spin-orbit coupling and zero-field splitting parameters for these complexes. For Mn(ii) complexes with heavy ligand atoms, such as Br and I, several interesting inter-state mixings occur via the spin-orbit operator, which results in large magnetic anisotropy in these Mn(ii) complexes.

  7. Synthesis, spectral, antitumor, antioxidant and antimicrobial studies on Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes of 4-[(1H-Benzoimidazol-2-ylimino)-methyl]-benzene-1,3-diol.

    PubMed

    El-wakiel, Nadia; El-keiy, Mai; Gaber, Mohamed

    2015-08-05

    A new Schiff base of 2-aminobenzimidazole with 2,4-dihydroybezaldehyde (H₃L), and its Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, thermal analysis (TGA), inductive coupled plasma (ICP), magnetic moment measurements, IR, EI-mass, UV-Vis. and ESR spectral studies. On the basis of spectral studies and analytical data, it is evident that the Schiff base acts as dibasic tridentate ligand coordinating via deprotonated OH, NH and azomethine nitrogen atom. The results showed that Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes have tetrahedral structure while Cu(II) complexes has octahedral geometry. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the thermal decomposition stages have been evaluated. The studied complexes were tested for their in vitro antimicrobial activities against some bacterial strains. The anticancer activity of the ligand and its metal complexes is evaluated against human liver Carcinoma (HEPG2) cell. These compounds exhibited a moderate and weak activity against the tested HEPG2 cell lines with IC₅₀ of 9.08, 18.2 and 19.7 μg/ml for ligand, Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes, respectively. In vitro antioxidant activity of the newly synthesized compounds has also been evaluated. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Homo- and Heterometallic Bis(Pentafluorobenzoyl)Methanide Complexes of Copper(II) and Cobalt(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crowder, Janell M.

    beta-Diketones are well known to form metal complexes with practically every known metal and metalloid. Metal complexes of fluorinated beta-diketones generally exhibit increased volatility and thermal stability compared to the non-fluorinated analogues, and thus are used extensively in various chemical vapor deposition (CVD) processes for the deposition of metal, simple or mixed metal oxides, and fluorine-doped metal oxide thin films. Furthermore, the electron-withdrawing nature of the fluorinated ligand enhances the Lewis acidity of a coordinatively unsaturated metal center which facilitates additional coordination reactions. The physical and structural properties of fluorinated beta-diketonate complexes are discussed in Chapter 1 and a few key application examples are given. The focus of this work is the synthesis and single crystal X-ray structural characterization of unsolvated and coordinatively unsaturated metal complexes of bis(pentafluorobenzoyl)- methanide (L, C6F5COCHCOC 6F5-). In Chapter 2, we present the preparation and isolation of the unsolvated complex [Cu(L)2] in pure crystalline form for the first time. We subsequently investigated the reaction of unsolvated [Cu(L)2] with sodium hexafluoroacetylacetonate [Na(hfac)] in a solvent-free environment. This reaction allowed the isolation of the first heterometallic Na-Cu diketonate [Na2Cu2(L) 4(hfac)2] structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Thermal decomposition of [Na2Cu2(L) 4(hfac)2] was investigated for its potential application in MOCVD processes. In the final chapter, we present the first exploration of the anhydrous synthesis of Co(II) complexed with bis(pentafluorobenzoyl)methanide in order to produce a complex without ligated water. Single crystal X-ray crystallographic investigations revealed the isolation of the ethanol adduct, [Co2(L)4(C2H5OH)2], and following the removal of ethanol, a 1,4-dioxane adduct, [{Co 2(L)4}2(C4H8O2)]. In this work, we have provided the

  9. Synthesis, spectral characterization and catalytic activity of Co(II) complexes of drugs: crystal structure of Co(II)-trimethoprim complex.

    PubMed

    Madhupriya, Selvaraj; Elango, Kuppanagounder P

    2014-01-24

    New Co(II) complexes with drugs such as trimethoprim (TMP), cimetidine (CTD), niacinamide (NAM) and ofloxacin (OFL) as ligands were synthesized. The complexes were characterized by analytical analysis, various spectral techniques such as FT-IR, UV-Vis, magnetic measurements and molar conductivity. The magnetic susceptibility results coupled with the electronic spectra suggested a tetrahedral geometry for the complexes. The coordination mode of trimethoprim ligand and geometry of the complex were confirmed by single crystal X-ray studies. In this complex the metal ion possesses a tetrahedral geometry with two nitrogen atom from two TMP ligands and two chloride ions coordinated to it. The catalytic activity of the complexes in aryl-aryl coupling reaction was screened and the results indicated that among the four complexes [Co(OFL)Cl(H2O)] exhibited excellent catalytic activity. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Heptacopper(II) and dicopper(II)-adenine complexes: synthesis, structural characterization, and magnetic properties

    DOE PAGES

    Leite Ferreira, B. J. M.; Brandão, Paula; Dos Santos, A. M.; ...

    2015-07-13

    The syntheses, crystal structures, and magnetic properties of two new copper(II) complexes with molecular formulas [Cu 7(μ 2-OH 2) 6(μ 3-O) 6(adenine) 6(NO 3) 26H 2O (1) and [Cu 2(μ 2-H 2O) 2(adenine) 2(H 2O) 4](NO 3) 42H 2O (2) are reported. We composed the heptanuclear compound of a central octahedral CuO 6 core sharing edges with six adjacent copper octahedra. In 2, the copper octahedra shares one equatorial edge. In both compounds, these basic copper cluster units are further linked by water bridges and bridging adenine ligands through N3 and N9 donors. All copper(II) centers exhibit Jahn-Teller distorted octahedralmore » coordination characteristic of a d 9 center. Our study of the magnetic properties of the heptacopper complex revealed a dominant ferromagnetic intra-cluster interaction, while the dicopper complex exhibits antiferromagnetic intra-dimer interactions with weakly ferromagnetic inter-dimer interaction.« less

  11. Synthesis and characterization of homoleptic group 10 dithiocarbamate complexes and heteroleptic Ni(II) complexes, and the use of the homoleptic Ni(II) for the preparation of nickel sulphide nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bobinihi, Felicia F.; Onwudiwe, Damian C.; Hosten, Eric C.

    2018-07-01

    A series of new dithiocarbamate complexes of Ni(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II) of the form [NiL2], [PdL2] and [PtL2] (where L = N-ethyl-N-ethanoldithiocarbamate) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The nickel complex was utilized to prepare heteroleptic complexes bearing triphenylphosphino (PPh3) and isothiocyanate (sbnd NCS) or isocyanide (sbnd NC) molecules. Furthermore, the structures of the palladium complex and the heteroleptic nickel with PPh3 and NC molecules have been confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The Pd(II) complex indicated a trans arrangement with a distorted square planar geometry around the Pd atom, while the Ni(II) complex revealed a highly distorted geometry with another molecule of triphenylphosphine moiety, held by hydrogen bonding, within the crystal structure. The thermal stability studies of all the complexes conducted by using thermogravimetric analyser (TGA) showed they all have good stability above 200 °C. The nanoparticles synthesized using the homoleptic nickel complex yielded platelets of pure Heazlewoodite phase of Ni3S2 with average size of 7.60 nm. The optical properties of the nanoparticles studied by using UV-vis spectroscopy showed band gap energy of 4.0 eV (355 nm), which was a blue shift of 1.90 eV compared to the bulk and a consequence of quantum confinement effect.

  12. Novel aldehyde and thiosemicarbazone derivatives: Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, structural studies and molecular docking studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karakurt, Tuncay; Tahtaci, Hakan; Subasi, Nuriye Tuna; Er, Mustafa; Ağar, Erbil

    2016-12-01

    In this study our purpose is that, synthesis and characterization of compounds containing the aldehyde and thiosemicarbazone groups and comparison of the theoretical results with the experimental results. The structures of all synthesized compounds were elucidated by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, elemental analyses techniques. The structure of compound (4) (C9H8N4O2S) was also elucidated by X-ray diffraction analysis. In addition, the theoretical IR spectrum, 1H NMR and 13C NMR chemical shift values, frontier molecular orbital values (FMO) of these molecules were analyzed by using Becke-3- Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP) method with LanL2DZ basis set. Finally, molecular docking studies were performed on synthesized compounds using the 4DKI beta-lactam protein structure to determine the potential binding mode of inhibitors.

  13. Supramolecular complexes of Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) p-hydroxybenzoates with caffeine: Synthesis, spectral characterization and crystal structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taşdemir, Erdal; Özbek, Füreya Elif; Sertçelik, Mustafa; Hökelek, Tuncer; Çelik, Raziye Çatak; Necefoğlu, Hacali

    2016-09-01

    Three novel complexes Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) containing p-hydroxybenzoates and caffeine ligands were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and UV-vis Spectroscopy, molar conductivity and single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. The thermal properties of the synthesized complexes were investigated by TGA/DTA. The general formula of the complexes is [M(HOC6H4COO)2(H2O)4]·2(C8H10N4O2)·8H2O (where: M: Co, Ni and Zn). The IR studies showed that carboxylate groups of p-hydroxybenzoate ligands have monodentate coordination mode. The M2+ ions are octahedrally coordinated by two p-hydroxybenzoate ligands, four water molecules leading to an overall MO6 coordination environment. The medium-strength hydrogen bondings involving the uncoordinated caffeine ligands and water molecules, coordinated and uncoordinated water molecules and p-hydroxybenzoate ligands lead to three-dimensional supramolecular networks in the crystal structures.

  14. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering and DFT investigation of 1,5-diphenylcarbazide and its metal complexes with Ca(II), Mn(II), Fe(III) and Cu(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szabó, László; Herman, Krisztian; Mircescu, Nicoleta Elena; Tódor, István Szabolcs; Simon, Botond Lorand; Boitor, Radu Alex; Leopold, Nicolae; Chiş, Vasile

    2014-09-01

    In recent years, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has become an increasingly viable method for the detection of metal ions, evidenced by the existing studies on metal complexes. In this study, 1,5-diphenylcarbazide (DPC) and its Ca(II), Mn(II), Fe(III) and Cu(II) complexes were investigated by FTIR/ATR, FT-Raman and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopies. The hybrid B3LYP exchange-correlation functional was used for the molecular geometry optimizations, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) distribution and vibrational frequencies calculations of the DPC molecule and its complexes. Based on experimental and theoretical data, we were able to accurately identify unique and representative features for each DPC-metal complex, features that enable the detection of said metal complexes in millimolar concentrations.

  15. Atpenins, potent and specific inhibitors of mitochondrial complex II (succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase)

    PubMed Central

    Miyadera, Hiroko; Shiomi, Kazuro; Ui, Hideaki; Yamaguchi, Yuichi; Masuma, Rokuro; Tomoda, Hiroshi; Miyoshi, Hideto; Osanai, Arihiro; Kita, Kiyoshi; Ōmura, Satoshi

    2003-01-01

    Enzymes in the mitochondrial respiratory chain are involved in various physiological events in addition to their essential role in the production of ATP by oxidative phosphorylation. The use of specific and potent inhibitors of complex I (NADH-ubiquinone reductase) and complex III (ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase), such as rotenone and antimycin, respectively, has allowed determination of the role of these enzymes in physiological processes. However, unlike complexes I, III, and IV (cytochrome c oxidase), there are few potent and specific inhibitors of complex II (succinate-ubiquinone reductase) that have been described. In this article, we report that atpenins potently and specifically inhibit the succinate-ubiquinone reductase activity of mitochondrial complex II. Therefore, atpenins may be useful tools for clarifying the biochemical and structural properties of complex II, as well as for determining its physiological roles in mammalian tissues. PMID:12515859

  16. Reversible Oxygenation of 2,4-Diaminobutanoic Acid-Co(II) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Li, Hui; Yue, Fan; Wen, Hongmei

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces the structural characterization and studies on reversible oxygenation behavior of a new oxygen carrier Co(II)-2,4-diaminobutanoic acid (DABA) complex in aqueous solution. The composition of the oxygenated complex was determined by gas volumetric method, molar ratio method, and mass spectrometry, and the formula of the oxygenated complex was determined to be [Co(DABA)2O2]. In aqueous solution, the complex can continuously uptake and release dioxygen and exhibit excellent reversibility of oxygenation and deoxygenation ability. This complex can maintain 50% of its original oxygenation capacity after 30 cycles in 24 h and retain 5% of the original oxygenation capacity after more than 260 cycles after 72 h. When a ligand analogue was linked to histidine (His), the new complex exhibited as excellent reversible oxygenation property as His-Co(II) complex. Insight into the relationship between structural detail and oxygenation properties will provide valuable suggestion for a new family of oxygen carriers. PMID:27648004

  17. Synthesis, structural and biochemical activity studies of a new hexadentate Schiff base ligand and its Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekmekcioglu, Pinar; Karabocek, Nevin; Karabocek, Serdar; Emirik, Mustafa

    2015-11-01

    A new Schiff base ligand (H2L) and its metal complexes have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic moment and spectral studies. The comparative in-vitro antimicrobial activities against various pathogens with reference to known antibiotics activity under the standard control of different concentrations revealed that the metal complexes (6-8) showed enhanced antimicrobial activities in general as compared to free ligand. As an exception, the free ligand showed better activity against Trichoderma. The antifungal activity experiments were performed in triplicate. The order of biochemical activity for metal complexes were observed as in the following. CuL > CoL > NiL, which is exactly same as the order of stability constants of these complexes. Additionally, we performed DFT and TD-DFT calculation for free ligand and Cu(II) complex to support the experimental data. The geometries of the Cu(II) complex have been optimized using the B3LYP level of theory. The theoretical calculations confirm that the copper (II) center exhibits a distorted square pyramidal geometry which is favored by experimental results.

  18. Synthesis, Characterization, and Handling of Eu(II)-Containing Complexes for Molecular Imaging Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Basal, Lina A.; Allen, Matthew J.

    2018-03-01

    Considerable research effort has focused on the in vivo use of responsive imaging probes that change imaging properties upon reacting with oxygen because hypoxia is relevant to diagnosing, treating, and monitoring diseases. One promising class of compounds for oxygen-responsive imaging is Eu(II)-containing complexes because the Eu(II/III) redox couple enables imaging with multiple modalities including magnetic resonance and photoacoustic imaging. The use of Eu(II) requires care in handling to avoid unintended oxidation during synthesis and characterization. This review describes recent advances in the field of imaging agents based on discrete Eu(II)-containing complexes with specific focus on the synthesis, characterization, and handling of aqueous Eu(II)-containing complexes.

  19. Cationic dirhodium(II,II) complexes for the electrocatalytic reduction of CO 2 to HCOOH

    DOE PAGES

    Witt, Suzanne E.; White, Travis A.; Li, Zhanyong; ...

    2016-09-22

    Two formamidinate bridged dirhodium(II,II) complexes with chelating diimine ligands L, [Rh 2(μ-DTolF) 2(L) 2] 2+, were shown to electrocatalytically reduce CO 2 in the presence of H 2O. Analysis of the reaction mixture and headspace following bulk electrolysis revealed H 2 and HCOOH as the major products. Finally, the variation in relative product formation is discussed.

  20. Living supramolecular polymerization achieved by collaborative assembly of platinum(II) complexes and block copolymers

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Kaka; Yeung, Margaret Ching-Lam; Leung, Sammual Yu-Lut; Yam, Vivian Wing-Wah

    2017-01-01

    An important feature of biological systems to achieve complexity and precision is the involvement of multiple components where each component plays its own role and collaborates with other components. Mimicking this, we report living supramolecular polymerization achieved by collaborative assembly of two structurally dissimilar components, that is, platinum(II) complexes and poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(acrylic acid) (PEG-b-PAA). The PAA blocks neutralize the charges of the platinum(II) complexes, with the noncovalent metal–metal and π–π interactions directing the longitudinal growth of the platinum(II) complexes into 1D crystalline nanostructures, and the PEG blocks inhibiting the transverse growth of the platinum(II) complexes and providing the whole system with excellent solubility. The ends of the 1D crystalline nanostructures have been found to be active during the assembly and remain active after the assembly. One-dimensional segmented nanostructures with heterojunctions have been produced by sequential growth of two types of platinum(II) complexes. The PAA blocks act as adapters at the heterojunctions for lattice matching between chemically and crystallographically different platinum(II) complexes, achieving heterojunctions with a lattice mismatch as large as 21%. PMID:29078381

  1. New Cu (II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of chalcone derivatives: Synthesis, X-ray crystal structure, electrochemical properties and DFT computational studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tabti, Salima; Djedouani, Amel; Aggoun, Djouhra; Warad, Ismail; Rahmouni, Samra; Romdhane, Samir; Fouzi, Hosni

    2018-03-01

    The reaction of nickel(II), copper(II) and cobalt(II) with 4-hydroxy-3-[(2E)-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)prop-2-enoyl]-6-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one (HL) leads to a series of new complexes: Ni(L)2(NH3), Cu(L)2(DMF)2 and Co(L)2(H2O). The crystal structure of the Cu(L)2(DMF)2 complex have been determined by X-ray diffraction methods. The Cu(II) lying on an inversion centre is coordinated to six oxygen atoms forming an octahedral elongated. Additionally, the electrochemical behavior of the metal complexes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry at a glassy carbon electrode (GC) in CH3CN solutions, showing the quasi-reversible redox process ascribed to the reduction of the MII/MI couples. The X-ray single crystal structure data of the complex was matched excellently with the optimized monomer structure of the desired compound; Hirschfeld surface analysis supported the packed crystal lattice 3D network intermolecular forces. HOMO/LUMO energy level and the global reactivity descriptors quantum parameters are also calculated. The electrophilic and nucleophilic potions in the complex surface are theoretically evaluated by molecular electrostatic potential and Mulliken atomic charges analysis.

  2. Metal (II) Complexes Derived from Naphthofuran-2-carbohydrazide and Diacetylmonoxime Schiff Base: Synthesis, Spectroscopic, Electrochemical, and Biological Investigation

    PubMed Central

    Sumathi, R. B.; Halli, M. B.

    2014-01-01

    A new Schiff base and a new series of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) complexes were synthesized by the condensation of naphthofuran-2-carbohydrazide and diacetylmonoxime. Metal complexes of the Schiff base were prepared from their chloride salts of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) in ethanol. The ligand along with its metal complexes have been characterized on the basis of analytical data, IR, electronic, mass, 1HNMR, ESR spectral data, thermal studies, magnetic susceptibility, and molar conductance measurements. The nonelectrolytic behaviour of the complexes was assessed from the measured low conductance data. The elemental analysis of the complexes confirm the stoichiometry of the type CuL2Cl2 and MLCl2 where M = Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) and L = Schiff base. The redox property of the Cu(II) complex was investigated by electrochemical method using cyclic voltammetry. In the light of these results, Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) complexes are assigned octahedral geometry, Cd(II), and Hg(II) complexes tetrahedral geometry. In order to evaluate the effect of metal ions upon chelation, both the ligand and its metal complexes were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. The DNA cleaving capacity of all the complexes was analysed by agarose gel electrophoresis method. PMID:24592203

  3. Homoleptic nickel(II) complexes of redox-tunable pincer-type ligands.

    PubMed

    Hewage, Jeewantha S; Wanniarachchi, Sarath; Morin, Tyler J; Liddle, Brendan J; Banaszynski, Megan; Lindeman, Sergey V; Bennett, Brian; Gardinier, James R

    2014-10-06

    Different synthetic methods have been developed to prepare eight new redox-active pincer-type ligands, H(X,Y), that have pyrazol-1-yl flanking donors attached to an ortho-position of each ring of a diarylamine anchor and that have different groups, X and Y, at the para-aryl positions. Together with four previously known H(X,Y) ligands, a series of 12 Ni(X,Y)2 complexes were prepared in high yields by a simple one-pot reaction. Six of the 12 derivatives were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which showed tetragonally distorted hexacoordinate nickel(II) centers. The nickel(II) complexes exhibit two quasi-reversible one-electron oxidation waves in their cyclic voltammograms, with half-wave potentials that varied over a remarkable 700 mV range with the average of the Hammett σ(p) parameters of the para-aryl X, Y groups. The one- and two-electron oxidized derivatives [Ni(Me,Me)2](BF4)n (n = 1, 2) were prepared synthetically, were characterized by X-band EPR, electronic spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction (for n = 2), and were studied computationally by DFT methods. The dioxidized complex, [Ni(Me,Me)2](BF4)2, is an S = 2 species, with nickel(II) bound to two ligand radicals. The mono-oxidized complex [Ni(Me,Me)2](BF4), prepared by comproportionation, is best described as nickel(II) with one ligand centered radical. Neither the mono- nor the dioxidized derivative shows any substantial electronic coupling between the metal and their bound ligand radicals because of the orthogonal nature of their magnetic orbitals. On the other hand, weak electronic communication occurs between ligands in the mono-oxidized complex as evident from the intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) transition found in the near-IR absorption spectrum. Band shape analysis of the IVCT transition allowed comparisons of the strength of the electronic interaction with that in the related, previously known, Robin-Day class II mixed valence complex, [Ga(Me,Me)2](2+).

  4. Highly preorganized pyrazolate-bridged palladium(II) and nickel(II) complexes in bimetallic norbornene polymerization.

    PubMed

    Sachse, Anna; Demeshko, Serhiy; Dechert, Sebastian; Daebel, Venita; Lange, Adam; Meyer, Franc

    2010-04-28

    New derivatives of pyrazolate-based binucleating ligands HL with appended imine functions have been synthesized to provide a versatile set of ligand systems with different backbone substituents both at the pyrazole-C(4) and the imine-C (H, Me, Ph). These scaffolds have two adjacent coordination compartments akin to the alpha-diimine type. A series of binuclear palladium(II) complexes [LPd(2)Cl(3)] (1-4) and tetranuclear nickel(II) complexes [L(2)Ni(4)Br(6)(solvent)(4)] (5, 6) of the various ligands have been prepared and characterized, including X-ray structural analyses for two representative Pd and the two Ni complexes. Complexes 5 and 6 were found to contain an unusual central mu(4)-bromide. Mononuclear nickel(II) complexes [L(2)Ni] were detected as intermediates in the formation of the tetranuclear complexes and have been characterized by X-ray analyses in two cases (7, 8). The interconversion between 5' and 7 has been investigated by UV/Vis spectroscopy and ESI mass spectrometry, and magnetic coupling in the [L(2)Ni(4)Br(6)(solvent)(4)] complexes has been studied (SQUID). Trans-coupling via the central mu(4)-bromide is suggested to mediate significant antiferromagnetic interaction. The reactivity of such types of Pd and Ni complexes has been tested for the vinyl/addition polymerization of norbornene. In the presence of an excess of cocatalyst methylaluminoxane (MAO) the palladium complexes show high activity up to 5.9 x 10(6) g(PNB) mol(Pd)(-1) h(-1) at 20 degrees C, while activities of the nickel systems are much lower, but strongly solvent dependent. Detailed studies on the dependence of activity on polymerization conditions such as molar ratios of catalyst and cocatalyst, temperature, reaction time and solvent were carried out. All obtained polynorbornenes (PNB) were noncrystalline and insoluble, but have high glass transition temperatures (T(g)). Microstructures were analyzed by IR spectroscopy and solid state (CP/MAS) (13)C NMR, revealing distinct

  5. Synthesis, spectroscopy, and binding constants of ketocatechol-containing iminodiacetic acid and its Fe(III), Cu(II), and Zn(II) complexes and reaction of Cu(II) complex with H₂O₂ in aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Gao, Jiaojiao; Xing, Feifei; Bai, Yueling; Zhu, Shourong

    2014-06-07

    A new neuromelanin-like ketocatechol-containing iminodiacetic acid ligand, (N-(3,4-dihydroxyl)phenacylimino)diacetic acid (H4L), which is also quite similar to compounds found in insect cuticle, has been synthesized and characterized. The X-ray crystal structure of H4L has been successfully determined. Proton binding and coordination with Fe(III), Cu(II), and Zn(II) have been studied by potentiometric titrations and UV-vis spectrophotometry in aqueous solution. UV spectra of H4L in the absence and presence of different metal ions indicate complexes formed with the catechol moiety of H4L in aqueous solution. Visible spectra and NMR reveal that H4L with Fe(III), Cu(II), and Zn(II) can all give stable mono-(ML) and dinuclear complexes [M(ML)]. Fe(III) can also form {Fe(FeL)2} and {Fe(FeL)3} species with sufficient base. The process is accompanied by a drastic color change from light blue to deep-blue to wine-red. The Fe(III)-Cu(II) heteronuclear complex also exists in aqueous solution whose spectra are similar to the homonuclear Fe(III) complex. However, the spectra of {Fe(CuL)} shifted to a longer wavelength and {Fe(CuL)2} and {Fe(CuL)3} shifted to a shorter wavelength. Keto-enol tautomerism was observed in weak basic aqueous solution as indicated by (1)H NMR spectra. The reaction products of Cu(II) complex with H2O2 depend on the H2O2 concentration and pH value. Low concentrations of H2O2 oxidize H4L to a series of semiquinone and quinone compounds with absorption maxima at 314-400 nm, while a high concentration of H2O2 oxidizes H4L to colorless muconic acid derivatives. NaIO4 gives different oxidase products, but no 2,4,5-trihydroxyphenylalanine quinone (TPQ)-like hydroxyquinone can be found.

  6. Complexation facilitated reduction of aromatic N-oxides by aqueous Fe(II)-tiron complex: reaction kinetics and mechanisms.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yiling; Zhang, Huichun

    2013-10-01

    Rapid reduction of carbadox (CDX), olaquindox and several other aromatic N-oxides were investigated in aqueous solution containing Fe(II) and tiron. Consistent with previous work, the 1:2 Fe(II)-tiron complex, FeL2(6-), is the dominant reactive species as its concentration linearly correlates with the observed rate constant kobs under various conditions. The N-oxides without any side chains were much less reactive, suggesting direct reduction of the N-oxides is slow. UV-vis spectra suggest FeL2(6-) likely forms 5- or 7-membered rings with CDX and olaquindox through the N and O atoms on the side chain. The formed inner-sphere complexes significantly facilitated electron transfer from FeL2(6-) to the N-oxides. Reduction products of the N-oxides were identified by HPLC/QToF-MS to be the deoxygenated analogs. QSAR analysis indicated neither the first electron transfer nor N-O bond cleavage is the rate-limiting step. Calculations of the atomic spin densities of the anionic N-oxides confirmed the extensive delocalization between the aromatic ring and the side chain, suggesting complex formation can significantly affect the reduction kinetics. Our results suggest the complexation facilitated N-oxide reduction by Fe(II)-tiron involves a free radical mechanism, and the subsequent deoxygenation might also benefit from the weak complexation of Fe(II) with the N-oxide O atom.

  7. Physicochemical and biological properties of oxovanadium(IV), cobalt(II) and nickel(II) complexes with oxydiacetate anions.

    PubMed

    Wyrzykowski, Dariusz; Kloska, Anna; Pranczk, Joanna; Szczepańska, Aneta; Tesmar, Aleksandra; Jacewicz, Dagmara; Pilarski, Bogusław; Chmurzyński, Lech

    2015-03-01

    The potentiometric and conductometric titration methods have been used to characterize the stability of series of VO(IV)-, Co(II)- and Ni(II)-oxydiacetato complexes in DMSO-water solutions containing 0-50 % (v/v) DMSO. The influence of DMSO as a co-solvent on the stability of the complexes as well as the oxydiacetic acid was evaluated. Furthermore, the reactivity of the complexes towards superoxide free radicals was assessed by employing the nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) assay. The biological properties of the complexes were investigated in relation to their cytoprotective activity against the oxidative damage generated exogenously by using hydrogen peroxide in the Human Dermal Fibroblasts adult (HDFa) cell line as well as to their antimicrobial activity against the bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis). The relationship between physicochemical and biological properties of the complexes was discussed.

  8. Evaluation of cytotoxicity of new trans-palladium(II) complex in human cells in vitro.

    PubMed

    Kontek, Renata; Matławska-Wasowska, Ksenia; Kalinowska-Lis, Urszula; Kontek, Bogdan; Ochocki, Justyn

    2011-01-01

    Studies of cytotoxicity allow to elucidate the mechanisms by which chemical compounds influence cells and tissues. On the basis of the structural analogy between platinum(II) and palladium(II) complexes, a variety of studies on palladium(II) compounds as potential anticancer drugs have been carried out (1, 2). The cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay. Abilities of trans-palladium(II) complex containing diethyl (pyridin-2-ylmethyl)phosphates as non-leaving ligands (trans-[PdCl2(2-pmOpe 2)]) to induce apoptosis and necrosis in normal lymphocytes, A549 cells and HT29 cell lines were performed by use of fluorochrome staining. The obtained results revealed, that the new trans-palladium(II) complex was more cytotoxic against A549 and HT29 tumor cells than on the normal lymphocytes in vitro. The novel complex induces apoptosis in all tested cells, but in lymphocytes to a lesser degree. The compound tested also induced significant amounts of necrotic cells, which exceeded the level of apoptotic cell fractions. The results demonstrate that the trans-Pd(II) complex showed substantial cytotoxic activity against A549 and HT29 tumor cells and indicate that the new trans-palladium(II) complex effectively inhibited cancer cells growth.

  9. Synthesis, characterization, antimicrobial activity and carbonic anhydrase enzyme inhibitor effects of salicilaldehyde-N-methyl p-toluenesulfonylhydrazone and its Palladium(II), Cobalt(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alyar, Saliha; Adem, Şevki

    2014-10-01

    We report the synthesis of the ligand, salicilaldehyde-N-methyl p-toluenesulfonylhydrazone (salptsmh) derived from p-toluenesulfonicacid-1-methylhydrazide (ptsmh) and its Pd(II) and Co(II) metal complexes were synthesized for the first time. The structure of the ligand and their complexes were investigated using elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductance and spectral (IR, NMR and LC-MS) measurements. Salptsmh has also been characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. 1H and 13C shielding tensors for crystal structure were calculated with GIAO/DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) methods in CDCl3. The complexes were found to have general composition [ML2]. The results of elemental analysis showed 1:2 (metal/ligand) stoichiometry for all the complex. Magnetic and spectral data indicate a square planar geometry for Pd(II) complex and a distorted tetrahedral geometry for Co(II) complexes. The ligand and its metal chelates have been screened for their antimicrobial activities using the disk diffusion method against the selected Gram positive bacteria: Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Gram negative bacteria: Eschericha coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia. The inhibition activities of these compounds on carbonic anhydrase II (CA II) and carbonic anhydrase I (CA I) have been investigated by comparing IC50 and Ki values and it has been found that Pd(II) complex have more enzyme inhibition efficiency than salptsmh and Co(II) complex.

  10. Coligand-regulated assembly, fluorescence, and magnetic properties of Co(II) and Cd(II) complexes with a non-coplanar dicarboxylate

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Xin, Ling-Yun; Liu, Guang-Zhen, E-mail: gzliuly@126.com; Ma, Lu-Fang

    A non-coplanar dicarboxylate ndca (H{sub 2}ndca=5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic acid), combining with various dipyridyl-typed tectons, constructs six Cd(II)/Co(II) coordination polymers under hydrothermal conditions, namely [Co(ndca)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1), ([Co(ndca)(bpe)(H{sub 2}O)]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (2), [Co(ndca)(bpa){sub 0.5}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (3), [Cd(ndca)(bpe)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (4), ([Cd(ndca)(bpa)(H{sub 2}O)]·0.5H{sub 2}O){sub n} (5), and ([Cd(ndca)(bpp) (H{sub 2}O)]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (6) (bpe=1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethylene, bpa=1,2-bi(4-pyridyl)ethane, and bpp=1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane). All these compounds contain various metal(II)–carboxylate motifs, including carboxylate binuclear (2, 4, 5), carboxylate chain (1, 6) and carboxylate layer (3), which are further extended by dipyridyl-typed coligands to afford a vast diversity of the structures with 2D pyknotic layers (1, 6), 2D open layermore » (5), 2D→3D interpenetrated networks (2,4), and 3D pillared-layer framework (3), respectively. In addition, fluorescent spectra of Cd(II) complexes and magnetic properties of Co(II) complexes are also given. - Graphical abstract: Six various cadmium(II)/cobalt(II)–organic frameworks were constructed by 5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic acid and different bis(pyridine) rod-like tectons, and Cd (II) complexes exhibit blue–violet emissions, whereas Co (II) complexes show antiferromagnetic behaviours. Display Omitted.« less

  11. Artificial synthetic Mn(IV)Ca-oxido complexes mimic the oxygen-evolving complex in photosystem II.

    PubMed

    Chen, Changhui; Zhang, Chunxi; Dong, Hongxing; Zhao, Jingquan

    2015-03-14

    A novel family of heteronuclear Mn(IV)Ca-oxido complexes containing Mn(IV)Ca-oxido cuboidal moieties and reactive water molecules on Ca(2+) have been synthesized and characterized to mimic the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PSII) in nature.

  12. Preparation, spectroscopic, thermal, antihepatotoxicity, hematological parameters and liver antioxidant capacity characterizations of Cd(II), Hg(II), and Pb(II) mononuclear complexes of paracetamol anti-inflammatory drug

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Megharbel, Samy M.; Hamza, Reham Z.; Refat, Moamen S.

    2014-10-01

    Keeping in view that some metal complexes are found to be more potent than their parent drugs, therefore, our present paper aimed to synthesized Cd(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) complexes of paracetamol (Para) anti-inflammatory drug. Paracetamol complexes with general formula [M(Para)2(H2O)2]·nH2O have been synthesized and characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, conductivity, IR and thermal (TG/DTG), 1H NMR, electronic spectral studies. The conductivity data of these complexes have non-electrolytic nature. Comparative antimicrobial (bacteria and fungi) behaviors and molecular weights of paracetamol with their complexes have been studied. In vivo the antihepatotoxicity effect and some liver function parameters levels (serum total protein, ALT, AST, and LDH) were measured. Hematological parameters and liver antioxidant capacities of both Para and their complexes were performed. The Cd2+ + Para complex was recorded amelioration of antioxidant capacities in liver homogenates compared to other Para complexes treated groups.

  13. C-H activation in Ir(III) and N-demethylation in Pt(II) complexes with mesoionic carbene ligands: examples of monometallic, homobimetallic and heterobimetallic complexes.

    PubMed

    Maity, Ramananda; Tichter, Tim; van der Meer, Margarethe; Sarkar, Biprajit

    2015-11-14

    Mononuclear Pt(II) and the first dinuclear Pt(II) complexes along with a cyclometalated heterobimetallic Ir(III)/Pd(II) complex bearing mesoionic carbene donor ligands are presented starting from the same bis-triazolium salt. The mononuclear Pt(II) complex possesses a free triazole moiety which is generated from the corresponding triazolium salt through an N-demethylation reaction, whereas the mononuclear Ir(III) complex features an unreacted triazolium unit.

  14. Syntheses, structural characterization and spectroscopic studies of cadmium(II)-metal(II) cyanide complexes with 4-(2-aminoethyl)pyridine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karaağaç, Dursun; Kürkçüoğlu, Güneş Süheyla; Şenyel, Mustafa; Hökelek, Tuncer

    2017-02-01

    Three new cadmium(II)-metal(II) cyanide complexes, [Cd(4aepy)2(H2O)2][Ni(CN)4] (1), [Cd(4aepy)2(H2O)2][Pd(CN)4] (2) and [Cd(4aepy)2(H2O)2][Pt(CN)4] (3) [4aepy = 4-(2-aminoethyl)pyridine], have been synthesized and characterized by elemental, thermal, FT-IR and Raman spectral analyses. The crystal structures of 1 and 2 have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction technique, in which they crystallize in the monoclinic system and C2/c space group. The M(II) [M(II) = Ni(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II)] ions are coordinated with the carbon atoms of the four cyanide groups in the square planar geometries and the [M(CN)4]2- ions act as counter ions. The Cd(II) ions display an N4O2 coordination sphere with a distorted octahedral geometry, the nitrogen donors belonging to four molecules of the organic 4aepy that act as unidentate ligands and two oxygen atoms from aqua ligands. 3D supramolecular structures of 1 and 2 were occurred by M⋯π and hydrogen bonding (Nsbnd H⋯N and Osbnd H⋯N) interactions. Vibrational assignments of all the observed bands were given and the spectral properties were also supported the crystal structures of the complexes. A possible decompositions of the complexes were investigated in the temperature range 30-800 °C in the static atmosphere.

  15. Polymeric material prepared from Schiff base based on O-carboxymethyl chitosan and its Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baran, Talat; Menteş, Ayfer

    2016-07-01

    In this study, a new eco-friendly Schiff base based on O-carboxymethyl chitosan ([OCMCS-7a]) and its copper(II) and palladium(II) complexes were synthesized. Characterizations of [OCMCS-7a] and its metal complexes were conducted using FTIR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, TG/DTG, XRD, SEM-EDAX, ICP, UV-VIS, GC-MS, elemental analysis, magnetic moment and molar conductivity measurements. The degree of substitution (DS) of [OCMCS-7a] was determined by elemental analysis to be 0.44. It was shown by the solubility test that [OCMCS-7a] was completely soluble in water. Surface images of chitosan, [OCMCS-7a] and its Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes were investigated using the SEM-EDAX technique. Their thermal behaviors and crystallinities of the synthesized complexes were determined by TG/DTG and X-ray powder diffraction techniques, respectively. The metal contents of the obtained complexes were determined using an ICP-OES instrument. From the analyses, it was noted that the thermal stabilities and crystallinities of [OCMCS-7a] and its complexes decreased compared to chitosan. As a consequence of surface screening, it was also noted that the surface structure of the chitosan was smoother than that of the obtained compounds.

  16. Plant rhamnogalacturonan II complexation of heavy metal cations

    DOEpatents

    O`Neill, M.A.; Pellerin, P.J.M.; Warrenfeltz, D.; Vidal, S.; Darvill, A.G.; Albersheim, P.

    1999-03-02

    The present invention provides rhamnogalacturonan-II (RG-II) and relates to its ability to complex specific multivalent heavy metal cations. In the presence of boric acid, RG-II monomers form dimers that are cross-linked by a borate ester. The yield of such borate ester cross-linked dimers of RG-II is enhanced in the presence of specific heavy metal cations. The present invention further relates to the utility of RG-II in assays for the detection of specific heavy metal contamination; as a reagent useful in the removal of specific heavy metal cations contaminating foods and liquids, for example, fish, wines, etc.; as a pharmaceutical composition useful as an antidote in specific heavy metal cation poisoning; as a treatment for the detoxification of specific heavy metal cations from blood and/or tissues; and in a method of remediation of waters and soils contaminated with specific heavy metal cations. 15 figs.

  17. Plant rhamnogalacturonan II complexation of heavy metal cations

    DOEpatents

    O'Neill, Malcolm A.; Pellerin, Patrice J. M.; Warrenfeltz, Dennis; Vidal, Stephane; Darvill, Alan G.; Albersheim, Peter

    1999-01-01

    The present invention provides rhamnogalacturonan-II (RG-II) and relates to its ability to complex specific multivalent heavy metal cations. In the presence of boric acid, RG-II monomers form dimers that are cross-linked by a borate ester. The yield of such borate ester cross-linked dimers of RG-II is enhanced in the presence of specific heavy metal cations. The present invention further relates to the utility of RG-II in assays for the detection of specific heavy metal contamination; as a reagent useful in the removal of specific heavy metal cations contaminating foods and liquids, for example, fish, wines, etc.; as a pharmaceutical composition useful as an antidote in specific heavy metal cation poisoning; as a treatment for the detoxification of specific heavy metal cations from blood and/or tissues; and in a method of remediation of waters and soils contaminated with specific heavy metal cations.

  18. Synthesis, spectroscopic and thermal studies of Mg(II), Ca(II), Sr(II) and Ba(II) diclofenac sodium complexes as anti-inflammatory drug and their protective effects on renal functions impairment and oxidative stress

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Megharbel, Samy M.; Hamza, Reham Z.; Refat, Moamen S.

    2015-01-01

    The main task of our present study is the preparation of newly complexes of Mg(II), Ca(II), Sr(II) and Ba(II) with diclofenac which succeeded to great extent in alleviating the side effects of diclofenac alone and ameliorating the kidney function parameters and antioxidant capacities with respect to diclofenac treated group alone. The Mg(II), Ca(II), Sr(II) and Ba(II) with diclofenac have been synthesized and characterized using infrared, electronic and 1H NMR spectral, thermogravimetric and conductivity measurements. The diclofenac ligand has been found to act as bidentate chelating agent. Diclofenac complexes coordinate through the oxygen's of the carboxyl group. The molar ratio chelation is 1:2 (M2+-dic) with general formula [M(dic)2(H2O)2]ṡnH2O. Antibacterial screening of the alkaline earth metal complexes against Escherichia coli (Gram - ve), Bacillus subtilis (Gram + ve) and anti-fungal (Asperagillus oryzae, Asperagillus niger, Asperagillus flavus) were investigated. The kidney functions in male albino rats were ameliorated upon treatment with metal complexes of dic, which are represented by decreasing the levels of urea and uric acid to be located within normal values. The other looks bright spot in this article is the assessment of antioxidant defense system including SOD, CAT and MDA with the help of Sr2+, Mg2+ and Ca2+-dic complexes. The hormones related to kidney functions and stresses have been greatly ameliorated in groups treated with dic complexes in comparable with dic treated group.

  19. Pt(II) and Pd(II) complexes with ibuprofen hydrazide: Characterization, theoretical calculations, antibacterial and antitumor assays and studies of interaction with CT-DNA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manzano, Carlos M.; Bergamini, Fernando R. G.; Lustri, Wilton R.; Ruiz, Ana Lúcia T. G.; de Oliveira, Ellen C. S.; Ribeiro, Marcos A.; Formiga, André L. B.; Corbi, Pedro P.

    2018-02-01

    Palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes with a hydrazide derivative of ibuprofen (named HIB) were synthesized and characterized by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Elemental and thermogravimetric analyses, as well as ESI-QTOF-MS studies for both complexes, confirmed a 1:2:2 metal/HIB/Cl- molar ratio. The crystal structure of the palladium(II) complex was solved by single crystal X-ray diffractometric analysis, which permitted identifying the coordination formula [PdCl2(HIB)2]. Crystallographic studies also indicate coordination of HIB to the metal by the NH2 group. Nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopies reinforced the coordination observed in the crystal structure and suggested that the platinum(II) complex presents similar coordination modes and structure when compared with the Pd(II) complex. The complexes had their structures optimized with the aid of DFT methods. In vitro antiproliferative assays showed that the [PdCl2(HIB)2] complex is active over ovarian cancer cell line OVCAR-03, while biophysical studies indicated its capacity to interact with CT-DNA. The complexes were inactive over Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterial strains.

  20. Theoretical Study of Free Energy in Docking Stability of Azurin(II)-Cytochrome c551(II) Complex System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Tetsunori; Nishikawa, Keigo; Sugiyama, Ayumu; Purqon, Acep; Mizukami, Taku; Shimahara, Hideto; Nagao, Hidemi; Nishikawa, Kiyoshi

    2008-02-01

    The docking structure of the Azurin-Cytochrome C551 is presented. We investigate a complex system of Azurin(II)-Cytochrome C551(II) by using molecular dynamics simulation. We estimate some physical properties, such as root-mean-square deviation (RMSD), binding energy between Azurin and Cytochrome C551, distance between Azurin(II) and Cytochrome C551(II) through center of mass and each active site. We also discuss docking stability in relation to the configuration by free energy between Azurin(II)-Cytochrome C551(II) and Azurin(I)-Cytochrome C551(III).

  1. Synthesis, structure and catalytic properties of CNN pincer palladium(II) and ruthenium(II) complexes with N-substituted-2-aminomethyl-6-phenylpyridines.

    PubMed

    Wang, Tao; Hao, Xin-Qi; Zhang, Xiao-Xue; Gong, Jun-Fang; Song, Mao-Ping

    2011-09-21

    N-substituted-2-aminomethyl-6-phenylpyridines 2a-c have been easily prepared from commercially available 6-bromo-2-picolinaldehyde in two steps. Reaction of 2a-c with PdCl(2) in toluene in the presence of triethylamine gave the CNN pincer Pd(II) complexes 3a-c in 18-28% yields. The CNN pincer Ru(II) complex 5 containing a Ru-NHR functionality could be obtained in a 71% yield by treatment of 2c with a Ru(II) precursor instead of PdCl(2). Additionally, the related CNN pincer Ru(II) complex 7 containing a Ru-NH(2) functionality has been synthesized by the reaction of 2-aminomethyl-6-phenylpyridine with the same Ru(II) precursor in a 68% yield. All the new compounds were characterized by elemental analysis (MS for ligands), (1)H, (13)C NMR, (31)P{(1)H} NMR (for Ru complexes) and IR spectra. Molecular structures of Pd complex 3c as well as Ru complexes 5 and 7 have been determined by X-ray single-crystal diffraction. The obtained Pd complexes 3a-c were effective catalysts for the allylation of aldehydes as well as for three-component allylation of aldehydes, arylamines and allyltributyltin and their activity was found to be much higher than a related NCN Pd(II) pincer in the allylation of aldehyde. On the other hand, the two new CNN pincer Ru(II) complexes 5 and 7 displayed excellent catalytic activity in the transfer hydrogenation of ketones in refluxing 2-propanol with the latter being much more active. The final TOF values were up to 4510 h(-1) with 0.01 mol% of 5 and 220,800 h(-1) with 0.005 mol% of 7, respectively. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011

  2. Synthesis, spectroscopic, molecular structure, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antitumor behavior of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of O2N type tridentate chromone-2-carboxaldehyde Schiff's base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ammar, Reda A.; Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.; Zayed, Mohamed E.; Al-Bedair, Lamia A.

    2017-08-01

    Tridentate Schiff's base (HL) ligand was synthesized via condensation of salicylaldehyde and 3-hydroxypyridin-2-yliminomethyl-4H-chromen-4-one and their corresponding Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized. The isolated solid complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, spectral (IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR), magnetic moment, EPR, and thermal measurements. The IR spectra showed that HL was coordinated to the metal ions in tridentate manner with O2N donor sites of the azomethine N, deprotonated phenolic-OH and carbonyl-O. The activation of thermodynamic parameters are calculated using Coast-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger (HM). The octahedral geometry of the complexes is confirmed using DFT method from DMOL3 calculations, UV-Vis and magnetic moment measurements, ESR and ligand field parameters. Antioxidant activities have also been performed for all the compounds. The investigated ligand and metal complexes were screened for their in-vitro antimicrobial activities against different types of fungal and bacterial strains. The resulting data assert on the inspected compounds as a highly promising bactericides and fungicides. The antitumor activities of all inspected compounds were evaluated towards human liver Carcinoma (HepG2) cell line.

  3. Recognition of thymine in DNA bulges by a Zn(II) macrocyclic complex.

    PubMed

    del Mundo, Imee Marie A; Fountain, Matthew A; Morrow, Janet R

    2011-08-14

    A Zn(II) macrocyclic complex with appended quinoline is a bifunctional recognition agent that uses both the Zn(II) center and the pendent aromatic group to bind to thymine in bulges with good selectivity over DNA containing G, C or A bulges. Spectroscopic studies show that the stem containing the bulge stays largely intact in a DNA hairpin with the Zn(II) complex bound to the thymine bulge. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011

  4. Photochemistry of copper(II) complexes with macrocyclic amine ligands

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Muralidharan, S.; Ferraudi, G.

    1981-07-01

    The photochemical properties of Cu(dl-Me/sub 6/(14)aneN/sub 4/)/sup 2 +/ and Cu(rac-Me/sub 6/(14)aneN/sub 4/)/sup 2 +/ in the presence and absence of axially coordinated ligands have been investigated by continuous and flash irradiations. Flash photolysis of the complexes in deaerated aqueous solutions revealed the presence of copper-ligand radical complexes with closed- and open-cycle ligands. Flash photolysis of methanolic solutions of the complexes, in the presence of halides and pseudohalides, shows Cu(III) macrocyclic intermediates. The experimental observations can be explained in terms of two primary photoprocesses with origins in distinctive charge transfer to metal states. These states have been assigned as aminomore » to copper(II) charge-transfer state and acido to copper(II) charge-transfer state.« less

  5. Complex I-complex II ratio strongly differs in various organs of Arabidopsis thaliana.

    PubMed

    Peters, Katrin; Niessen, Markus; Peterhänsel, Christoph; Späth, Bettina; Hölzle, Angela; Binder, Stefan; Marchfelder, Anita; Braun, Hans-Peter

    2012-06-01

    In most studies, amounts of protein complexes of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system in different organs or tissues are quantified on the basis of isolated mitochondrial fractions. However, yield of mitochondrial isolations might differ with respect to tissue type due to varying efficiencies of cell disruption during organelle isolation procedures or due to tissue-specific properties of organelles. Here we report an immunological investigation on the ratio of the OXPHOS complexes in different tissues of Arabidopsis thaliana which is based on total protein fractions isolated from five Arabidopsis organs (leaves, stems, flowers, roots and seeds) and from callus. Antibodies were generated against one surface exposed subunit of each of the five OXPHOS complexes and used for systematic immunoblotting experiments. Amounts of all complexes are highest in flowers (likewise with respect to organ fresh weight or total protein content of the flower fraction). Relative amounts of protein complexes in all other fractions were determined with respect to their amounts in flowers. Our investigation reveals high relative amounts of complex I in green organs (leaves and stems) but much lower amounts in non-green organs (roots, callus tissue). In contrast, complex II only is represented by low relative amounts in green organs but by significantly higher amounts in non-green organs, especially in seeds. In fact, the complex I-complex II ratio differs by factor 37 between callus and leaf, indicating drastic differences in electron entry into the respiratory chain in these two fractions. Variation in amounts concerning complexes III, IV and V was less pronounced in different Arabidopsis tissues (quantification of complex V in leaves was not meaningful due to a cross-reaction of the antibody with the chloroplast form of this enzyme). Analyses were complemented by in gel activity measurements for the protein complexes of the OXPHOS system and comparative 2D blue native/SDS PAGE

  6. Comparative studies on P-vanillin and O-vanillin of 2-hydrazinyl-2-oxo-N-phenylacetamide and their Mn(II) and Co(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yousef, T. A.; El-Reash, G. M. Abu; El-Tabai, M. N.

    2018-05-01

    Synthesis of complexes derived from hydrazones derived from both P-vanillin (H2L1) and its isomer O-vanillin (H2L2) of 2-hydrazinyl-2-oxo-N-phenylacetamide that coordinated with high magnetic metal ions of both Mn(II) and Co(II) were performed and characterized by different physicochemical methods, elemental analysis, (1H NMR, IR, and UV-visible spectra), also thermal analysis (TG and DTG) techniques and magnetic measurements. The molecular structures of the ligands and their Mn(II) and Co(II) complexes were optimized theoretically and the quantum chemical parameters were calculated. IR spectra suggest that the H2L1 behaved in a mononegative bidentate manner with both but H2L2 coordinated as mononegative tridentate with both Mn(II) and Co(II). The electronic spectra of the complexes as well as their magnetic moments suggested octahedral geometries for all the isolated complexes. The calculated values of binding energies indicated the stability of complexes is higher than that of ligand. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different decomposition steps in complexes were calculated using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger equations. Moreover, the prepared ligands and their Mn(II) and Co(II) complexes were individually tested against a panel of gram positive Bacillus Subtilis and negative Escherichia coli microscopic organisms. Additionally cytotoxicity assay of two human tumor cell lines namely; hepatocellular carcinoma (liver) HePG-2, and mammary gland (breast) MCF-7 were tested.

  7. Synthesis, characterization, DNA-binding and cleavage studies of polypyridyl copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gubendran, Ammavasi; Rajesh, Jegathalaprathaban; Anitha, Kandasamy; Athappan, Periyakaruppan

    2014-10-01

    Six new mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes were synthesized namely [Cu(phen)2OAc]ClO4ṡH2O(1), [Cu(bpy)2OAc]ClO4ṡH2O(2), [Cu(o-ampacac)(phen)]ClO4(3), [Cu(o-ampbzac)(phen)]ClO4(4), [Cu(o-ampacac)(bpy)]ClO4(5), and [Cu(o-ampbzac)(bpy)]ClO4(6) (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, bpy = 2, 2‧-bipyridine, o-ampacac = (Z)-4-(2-hydroxylamino)pent-3-ene-2-one,o-ampbzac = (Z)-4-(2-hydroxylamino)-4-phenylbut-3-ene-2-one)and characterized by UV-Vis, IR, EPR and cyclic voltammetry. Ligands were characterized by NMR spectra. Single crystal X-ray studies of the complex 1 shows Cu(II) ions are located in a highly distorted octahedral environment. Absorption spectral studies reveal that the complexes 1-6 exhibit hypochromicity during the interaction with DNA and binding constant values derived from spectral and electrochemical studies indicate that complexes 1, 2 and 3 bind strongly with DNA possibly by an intercalative mode. Electrochemical studies reveal that the complexes 1-4 prefer to bind with DNA in Cu(I) rather than Cu(II) form. The shift in the formal potentials E1/2 and CD spectral studies suggest groove or electrostatic binding mode for the complexes 4-6. Complex 1 can cleave supercoiled (SC) pUC18 DNA efficiently into nicked form II under photolytic conditions and into an open circular form (form II) and linear form (form III) in the presence of H2O2 at pH 8.0 and 37 °C, while the complex 2 does not cleave DNA under similar conditions.

  8. Charge transfer complexes of adenosine-5‧-monophosphate and cytidine-5‧-monophosphate with water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes in aqueous solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boghaei, Davar M.; Gharagozlou, Mehrnaz

    2006-01-01

    Water-soluble cobalt(II) tetradentate Schiff base complexes have been shown to form charge transfer (CT) complexes with a series of nucleoside monophosphates including adenosine-5‧-monophosphate (AMP) and cytidine-5‧-monophosphate (CMP). The investigated water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes are (i) disodium[{bis(5-sulfo-salicylaldehyde)-o-phenylenediiminato}cobalt(II)], Na2[Co(SO3-salophen)] (1); (ii) disodium[{bis(5-sulfo-salicylaldehyde)-4,5-dimethyl-o-phenylenediiminato}cobalt(II)], Na2[Co(SO3-sal-4,5-dmophen)] (2) and (iii) disodium[{bis(4-methoxy-5-sulfo-salicylaldehyde)-4,5-dimethyl-o-phenylenediiminato}cobalt(II)], Na2[Co(SO3-4-meosal-4,5-dmophen)] (3). The formation constant and thermodynamic parameters for charge transfer complex formation of water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes with nucleoside monophosphates were determined spectrophotometrically in aqueous solution at constant ionic strength (I = 0.2 mol dm-3 KNO3) under physiological condition (pH 7.0) and at various temperatures between 288 and 308 K. The stoichiometry has been found to be 1:1 (water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complex: nucleoside monophosphate) in each case. Our spectroscopic and thermodynamic results show that the interaction of water-soluble cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes with the investigated nucleoside monophosphates occurs mainly through the phosphate group. The trend of the interaction according to the cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes due to electronic and steric factors is as follows: Na2[Co(SO3-salophen)] > Na2[Co(SO3-sal-4,5-dmophen)] > Na2[Co(SO3-4-meosal-4,5-dmophen)]. Also the trend of the interaction of a given cobalt(II) Schiff base complex according to the nucleoside monophosphate is as follows: CMP > AMP.

  9. The Chameleonic Nature of Platinum(II) Imidazopyridine Complexes.

    PubMed

    Pinter, Piermaria; Pittkowski, Rebecca; Soellner, Johannes; Strassner, Thomas

    2017-10-12

    The synthesis and characterization of cyclometalated C^C* platinum(II) complexes with unique photophysical properties, aggregation induced enhancement of the quantum yields with a simultaneous decrease of phosphorescence lifetimes, is reported. Additionally, a change of emission color is induced by variation of the excitation wavelength. The aggregation behavior of these complexes is controlled by the steric demand of the substituents. The photophysical properties of these complexes are investigated through emission-excitation matrix analysis (EEM). The monomeric complexes are excellent room temperature phosphorescent blue emitters with emission maxima below 470 nm and quantum yields of up to 93 %. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. Reaction mechanism of Ru(II) piano-stool complexes: umbrella sampling QM/MM MD study.

    PubMed

    Futera, Zdeněk; Burda, Jaroslav V

    2014-07-15

    Biologically relevant interactions of piano-stool ruthenium(II) complexes with ds-DNA are studied in this article by hybrid quantum mechanics-molecular mechanics (QM/MM) computational technique. The whole reaction mechanism is divided into three phases: (i) hydration of the [Ru(II) (η(6) -benzene)(en)Cl](+) complex, (ii) monoadduct formation between the resulting aqua-Ru(II) complex and N7 position of one of the guanines in the ds-DNA oligomer, and (iii) formation of the intrastrand Ru(II) bridge (cross-link) between two adjacent guanines. Free energy profiles of all the reactions are explored by QM/MM MD umbrella sampling approach where the Ru(II) complex and two guanines represent a quantum core, which is described by density functional theory methods. The combined QM/MM scheme is realized by our own software, which was developed to couple several quantum chemical programs (in this study Gaussian 09) and Amber 11 package. Calculated free energy barriers of the both ruthenium hydration and Ru(II)-N7(G) DNA binding process are in good agreement with experimentally measured rate constants. Then, this method was used to study the possibility of cross-link formation. One feasible pathway leading to Ru(II) guanine-guanine cross-link with synchronous releasing of the benzene ligand is predicted. The cross-linking is an exergonic process with the energy barrier lower than for the monoadduct reaction of Ru(II) complex with ds-DNA. Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Antibacterial, antibiofilm and antioxidant screening of copper(II)-complexes with some S-alkyl derivatives of thiosalicylic acid. Crystal structure of the binuclear copper(II)-complex with S-propyl derivative of thiosalicylic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bukonjić, Andriana M.; Tomović, Dušan Lj.; Nikolić, Miloš V.; Mijajlović, Marina Ž.; Jevtić, Verica V.; Ratković, Zoran R.; Novaković, Slađana B.; Bogdanović, Goran A.; Radojević, Ivana D.; Maksimović, Jovana Z.; Vasić, Sava M.; Čomić, Ljiljana R.; Trifunović, Srećko R.; Radić, Gordana P.

    2017-01-01

    The spectroscopically predicted structure of the obtained copper(II)-complex with S-propyl derivative of thiosalicylic acid was confirmed by X-ray structural study. The binuclear copper(II)-complex with S-propyl derivative of thiosalicylic acid crystallized in two polymorphic forms with main structural difference in the orientation of phenyl rings relative to corresponding carboxylate groups. The antibacterial activity was tested determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) by using microdilution method. The influence on bacterial biofilm formation was determined by tissue culture plate method. In general, the copper(II)-complexes manifested a selective and moderate activity. The most sensitive bacteria to the effects of Cu(II)-complexes was a clinical isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For this bacteria MIC and biofilm inhibitory concentration (BIC) values for all tested complexes were in the range or better than the positive control, doxycycline. Also, for the established biofilm of clinical isolate Staphylococcus aureus, BIC values for the copper(II)-complex with S-ethyl derivative of thiosalicylic acid,[Cu2(S-et-thiosal)4(H2O)2] (C3) and copper(II)-complex with S-butyl derivative of thiosalicylic acid, [Cu2(S-bu-thiosal)4(H2O)2] (C5) were in range or better than the positive control. All the complexes acted better against Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923) than Gram-negative bacteria (Proteus mirabilis ATCC 12453, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and P. aeruginosa ATCC 27855). The complexes showed weak antioxidative properties tested by two methods (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and reducing power assay).

  12. Fluconazole and its interaction with metal (II) complexes: SEM, Spectroscopic and antifungal studies.

    PubMed

    Ali, Mohsin; Ahmed, Mansoor; Ahmed, Shakil; Ali, Syed Imran; Perveen, Samina; Mumtaz, Majid; Haider, Syed Moazzam; Nazim, Urooj

    2017-01-01

    The human digestive tract contains some 100 trillion cells and thousands of species of micro-organisms may be present as normal flora of this tract as well as other mucocutaneous junctions of the body. Candida specie is the most common organism residing in these areas and can easily invade the internal tissues in cases of loss of host defenses. Modifications of previously existing antifungal agents may provide new options to fight against these species. Inorganic compounds of different antifungals are under investigations. Present study report six complexes of fluconazole with Cu (II)), Fe(II), Cd(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Mn(II) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV and H-NMR. The elemental analysis and spectroscopic data were found in agreement with the expected values as the metal to ligand value was 1:2 ratios with two chlorides in coordination sphere. The morphology of each complex was studied using scanning electron microscope and compared with fluconazole molecule the flaky-slab rock like particles of pure fluconazole was also observed as reported earlier. However, the complexes of fluconazole were showed different morphology in their micrograph. Fluconazole and its complex derivatives have also been screened in vitro for their antifungal activity against Candida albican and Aspergillus niger by MIC method. The complexes showed varied activity ranging from 2-20%.

  13. Activity of phosphino palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes against HIV-1 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Gama, Ntombenhle H; Elkhadir, Afag Y F; Gordhan, Bhavna G; Kana, Bavesh D; Darkwa, James; Meyer, Debra

    2016-08-01

    Treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is currently complicated by increased prevalence of co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The development of drug candidates that offer the simultaneous management of HIV and tuberculosis (TB) would be of great benefit in the holistic treatment of HIV/AIDS, especially in sub-Saharan Africa which has the highest global prevalence of HIV-TB coinfection. Bis(diphenylphosphino)-2-pyridylpalladium(II) chloride (1), bis(diphenylphosphino)-2-pyridylplatinum(II) chloride (2), bis(diphenylphosphino)-2-ethylpyridylpalladium(II) chloride (3) and bis(diphenylphosphino)-2-ethylpyridylplatinum(II) (4) were investigated for the inhibition of HIV-1 through interactions with the viral protease. The complexes were subsequently assessed for biological potency against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv by determining the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) using broth microdilution. Complex (3) showed the most significant and competitive inhibition of HIV-1 protease (p = 0.014 at 100 µM). Further studies on its in vitro effects on whole virus showed reduced viral infectivity by over 80 % at 63 µM (p < 0.05). In addition, the complex inhibited the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis at an MIC of 5 µM and was non-toxic to host cells at all active concentrations (assessed by tetrazolium dye and real time cell electronic sensing). In vitro evidence is provided here for the possibility of utilizing a single metal-based compound for the treatment of HIV/AIDS and TB.

  14. Isolation and Purification of Complex II from Proteus Mirabilis Strain ATCC 29245

    PubMed Central

    Shabbiri, Khadija; Ahmad, Waqar; Syed, Quratulain; Adnan, Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    A respiratory complex was isolated from plasma membrane of pathogenic Proteus mirabilis strain ATCC 29245. It was identified as complex II consisting of succinate:quinone oxidoreductase (EC 1.3.5.1) containing single heme b. The complex II was purified by ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration. The molecular weight of purified complex was 116.5 kDa and it was composed of three subunits with molecular weights of 19 kDa, 29 kDa and 68.5 kDa. The complex II contained 9.5 nmoles of cytochrome b per mg protein. Heme staining indicated that the 19 kDa subunit was cytochrome b. Its reduced form showed absorptions peaks at 557.0, 524.8 and 424.4 nm. The α-band was shifted from 557.0 nm to 556.8 nm in pyridine ferrohemochrome spectrum. The succinate: quinone oxidoreductase activity was found to be high in this microorganism. PMID:24031557

  15. Surface complexation modeling calculation of Pb(II) adsorption onto the calcined diatomite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Shu-Cui; Zhang, Ji-Lin; Sun, De-Hui; Liu, Gui-Xia

    2015-12-01

    Removal of noxious heavy metal ions (e.g. Pb(II)) by surface adsorption of minerals (e.g. diatomite) is an important means in the environmental aqueous pollution control. Thus, it is very essential to understand the surface adsorptive behavior and mechanism. In this work, the Pb(II) apparent surface complexation reaction equilibrium constants on the calcined diatomite and distributions of Pb(II) surface species were investigated through modeling calculations of Pb(II) based on diffuse double layer model (DLM) with three amphoteric sites. Batch experiments were used to study the adsorption of Pb(II) onto the calcined diatomite as a function of pH (3.0-7.0) and different ionic strengths (0.05 and 0.1 mol L-1 NaCl) under ambient atmosphere. Adsorption of Pb(II) can be well described by Freundlich isotherm models. The apparent surface complexation equilibrium constants (log K) were obtained by fitting the batch experimental data using the PEST 13.0 together with PHREEQC 3.1.2 codes and there is good agreement between measured and predicted data. Distribution of Pb(II) surface species on the diatomite calculated by PHREEQC 3.1.2 program indicates that the impurity cations (e.g. Al3+, Fe3+, etc.) in the diatomite play a leading role in the Pb(II) adsorption and dominant formation of complexes and additional electrostatic interaction are the main adsorption mechanism of Pb(II) on the diatomite under weak acidic conditions.

  16. Hydroxy double salts intercalated with Mn(II) complexes as potential contrast agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Miao; Li, Wanjing; Spillane, Dominic E. M.; Geraldes, Carlos F. G. C.; Williams, Gareth R.; Bligh, S. W. Annie

    2016-03-01

    A series of Mn(II) aminophosphonate complexes were successfully synthesized and intercalated into the hydroxy double salt [Zn5(OH)8]Cl2·yH2O. Complex incorporation led to an increase in the interlayer spacing from 7.8 to 10-12 Å. Infrared spectroscopy showed the presence of the characteristic vibration peaks of the Mn(II) complexes in the intercalates' spectra, indicating successful incorporation. The complex-loaded composites had somewhat lower proton relaxivities than the pure complexes. Nevertheless, these intercalates may have use as MRI contrast agents for patients with poor kidney function, where traditional Gd(III)-based contrast agents cause severe renal failure.

  17. Lead(II) Complex Formation with L-cysteine in Aqueous Solution

    PubMed Central

    Jalilehvand, Farideh; Sisombath, Natalie S.; Schell, Adam C.; Facey, Glenn A.

    2015-01-01

    The lead(II) complexes formed with the multidentate chelator L-cysteine (H2Cys) in alkaline aqueous solution were studied using 207Pb, 13C and 1H NMR, Pb LIII-edge X-ray absorption and UV-vis. spectroscopic techniques, complemented by electro-spray ion mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The H2Cys/Pb(II) mole ratios were varied from 2.1 to 10.0 for two sets of solutions with CPb(II) = 0.01 and 0.1 M, respectively, prepared at pH values (9.1 – 10.4) for which precipitates of Pb(II)-cysteine dissolved. At low H2Cys/Pb(II) mole ratios (2.1 – 3.0) a mixture of the dithiolate [Pb(S,N-Cys)2]2− and [Pb(S,N,O-Cys)(S-HCys)]− complexes with the average Pb-(N/O) and Pb-S distances 2.42 ± 0.04 Å and 2.64 ± 0.04 Å, respectively, was found to dominate. At high concentration of free cysteinate (> 0.7 M) a significant amount converts to the trithiolate [Pb(S,N-Cys)(S-HCys)2]2−, including a minor amount of a PbS3 coordinated [Pb(S-HCys)3]− complex. The coordination mode was evaluated by fitting linear combinations of EXAFS oscillations to the experimental spectra, and by the 207Pb NMR signals in the chemical shift range δPb = 2006 – 2507 ppm, which became increasingly deshielded with increasing free cysteinate concentration. One-pulse magic angle spinning (MAS) 207Pb NMR spectra of crystalline Pb(aet)2 (Haet = 2-aminoethanethiol or cysteamine) with PbS2N2 coordination were measured for comparison (δiso = 2105 ppm). The UV-vis. spectra displayed absorption maxima at 298 – 300 nm (S− → PbII charge transfer) for the dithiolate PbS2N(N/O) species; with increasing ligand excess a shoulder appeared at ∼ 330 nm for the trithiolate PbS3N and PbS3 (minor) complexes. The results provide spectroscopic fingerprints for structural models for Pb(II) coordination modes to proteins and enzymes. PMID:25695880

  18. Lead(II) complex formation with l-cysteine in aqueous solution

    DOE PAGES

    Jalilehvand, Farideh; Sisombath, Natalie S.; Schell, Adam C.; ...

    2015-02-19

    The lead(II) complexes formed with the multidentate chelator l-cysteine (H 2Cys) in an alkaline aqueous solution were studied using 207Pb, 13C, and 1H NMR, Pb L III-edge X-ray absorption, and UV–vis spectroscopic techniques, complemented by electrospray ion mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The H 2Cys/Pb II mole ratios were varied from 2.1 to 10.0 for two sets of solutions with C PbII = 0.01 and 0.1 M, respectively, prepared at pH values (9.1–10.4) for which precipitates of lead(II) cysteine dissolved. At low H 2Cys/Pb II mole ratios (2.1–3.0), a mixture of the dithiolate [Pb(S,N-Cys) 2] 2– and [Pb(S,N,O-Cys)(S-HCys)] – complexes with averagemore » Pb–(N/O) and Pb–S distances of 2.42 ± 0.04 and 2.64 ± 0.04 Å, respectively, was found to dominate. At high concentration of free cysteinate (>0.7 M), a significant amount converts to the trithiolate [Pb(S,N-Cys)(S-HCys) 2] 2–, including a minor amount of a PbS 3-coordinated [Pb(S-HCys) 3] – complex. The coordination mode was evaluated by fitting linear combinations of EXAFS oscillations to the experimental spectra and by examining the 207Pb NMR signals in the chemical shift range δ Pb = 2006–2507 ppm, which became increasingly deshielded with increasing free cysteinate concentration. One-pulse magic-angle-spinning (MAS) 207Pb NMR spectra of crystalline Pb(aet) 2 (Haet = 2-aminoethanethiol or cysteamine) with PbS 2N 2 coordination were measured for comparison (δ iso = 2105 ppm). The UV–vis spectra displayed absorption maxima at 298–300 nm (S – → Pb II charge transfer) for the dithiolate PbS 2N(N/O) species; with increasing ligand excess, a shoulder appeared at ~330 nm for the trithiolate PbS 3N and PbS 3 (minor) complexes. Finally, the results provide spectroscopic fingerprints for structural models for lead(II) coordination modes to proteins and enzymes.« less

  19. Synthesis of thin film containing 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole iron(II) complexes

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Onggo, Djulia, E-mail: djulia@Chem.itb.ac.id

    The Iron(II) complex with 4-amino-1,2,4 triazole (NH{sub 2}-trz) ligand has potential applications as smart material since the compounds show a distinct color change from lilac at low temperature to colorless at high temperature. The lilac color of the complex represent the diamagnetic low spin state while the colorless correspond to the paramagnetic high spin state of iron(II). The transition between the two states could be tuned by changing the anionic group. Generally, the complex was synthesized directly from aqueous solution of iron(II) salt with considerable amounts of NH{sub 2}-trz solution produced solid powder compound. For application as an electronic molecularmore » device, the complex should be obtained as a thin film. The transparent [Fe(NH{sub 2}trz){sub 3}]-Nafion film has been successfully obtained, however, no anion variation can be produced since the nafion is an anionic resin. In this work, the [Fe(NH{sub 2}trz){sub 3}]-complexes with several anions have been synthesized inside nata de coco membrane that commonly used as a medium for deposition metal nano-particles. After drying the membrane containing the complex became a thin film. At room temperature, the film containing iron(II) complexes of sulphate and nitrate salts show lilac color, similar to that of the original complexes in the powder form. On heating, the color of the complex film changed to colorless and this color change was observed reversibly. In contrast, the films containing perchlorate and tetrafluoroborate iron(II) complexes are colorless at room temperature and changed to lilac on cooling. The significant color changing of the iron(II)complexes in the nata de coco film can be used for demonstration thermo chromic effect of smart materials with relatively small amount of the compounds.« less

  20. Investigation on biomolecular interactions of nickel(II) complexes with monoanionic bidentate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayamani, Arumugam; Sethupathi, Murugan; Ojwach, Stephen O.; Sengottuvelan, Nallathambi

    2018-01-01

    Reactions of monoanionic bidentate ligands 5-methylsalicylaldehyde (5-msal), 5-bromosalicylaldehyde (5-brsal), 5-nitrosalicylaldehyde (5-nsal) and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde (2-hnap) with nickel perchlorate hexahydrate produced nickel(II) complexes 1-4, respectively. Single crystal X-ray analyses of complexes 1 and 2 confirmed bidentate mode of the ligands with O˄O coordination to give square planar geometry around nickel atoms. Complexes 1-4 showed one quasi-reversible redox peak at cathodic region (-0.67 to -0.80 V) and one redox peak at anodic region (+1.08 to +1.44 V) assignable to the Ni(II)/Ni(I) and Ni(II)/Ni(III) redox couples, respectively. The complexes exhibited good bovine serum albumin (BSA) binding abilities with a maximum binding constant of 1.96 × 105 M-1. The binding of complexes with calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) showed that the binding affinity is consistent with an increase in steric bulk of the ligands. The nuclease activity of the complexes showed efficient oxidative cleavage in the presence of hydrogen peroxide as an oxidizing agent. The complexes showed higher zone of inhibition when screened for antimicrobial activity against bacteria and human pathogenic fungi.

  1. Glutathione Complex Formation With Mercury(Ii) in Aqueous Solution at Physiological Ph

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Mah, V.; Jalilehvand, F.; /SLAC

    2012-08-23

    The mercury(II) complexes formed in neutral aqueous solution with glutathione (GSH, here denoted AH{sub 3} in its triprotonated form) were studied using Hg L{sub III}-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and {sup 199}Hg NMR spectroscopy, complemented with electrospray ionization mass spectrometric (ESI-MS) analyses. The [Hg(AH){sub 2}]{sup 2-} complex, with the Hg-S bond distances at 2.325 {+-} 0.01 {angstrom} in linear S-Hg-S coordination, and the {sup 199}Hg NMR chemical shift at -984 ppm, dominates except at high excess of glutathione. In a series of solutions with C{sub Hg(II)} {approx} 17 mM and GSH/Hg(II) mole ratios rising from 2.4 to 11.8,more » the gradually increasing mean Hg-S bond distance corresponds to an increasing amount of the [Hg(AH){sub 3}]{sup 4-} complex. ESI-MS peaks appear at -m/z values of 1208 and 1230 corresponding to the [Na{sub 4}Hg(AH){sub 2}(A)]{sup -} and [Na{sub 5}Hg(AH)(A){sub 2}]{sup -} species, respectively. In another series of solutions at pH 7.0 with CHg(II) 50 mM and GSH/Hg(II) ratios from 2.0 to 10.0, the Hg L{sub III}-edge EXAFS and {sup 199}Hg NMR spectra show that at high excess of glutathione (0.35 M) about 70% of the total mercury(II) concentration is present as the [Hg(AH){sub 3}]4- complex, with the average Hg-S bond distance 2.42 {+-} 0.02 {angstrom} in trigonal HgS{sub 3} coordination. The proportions of HgSn species, n = 2, 3, and 4, quantified by fitting linear combinations of model EXAFS oscillations to the experimental EXAFS data in our present and previous studies were used to obtain stability constants for the [Hg(AH){sub 3}]{sup 4-} complex and also for the [Hg(A){sub 4}]{sup 10-} complex that is present at high pH. For Hg(II) in low concentration at physiological conditions (pH 7.4, C{sub GSH} = 2.2 mM), the relative amounts of the HgS{sub 2} species [Hg(AH){sub 2}]{sup 2-}, [Hg(AH)(A)]{sup 3-}, and the HgS{sub 3} complex [Hg(AH){sub 3}]{sup 4-} were calculated to be 95:2:3. Our results are

  2. Structure and Stability of Carboxylate Complexes. 20. Diaqua Bis(methoxyacetato) Complexes of Nickel(II), Copper(II), and Zinc(II): A Structural Study of the Dynamic Pseudo-Jahn-Teller Effect.

    PubMed

    Prout, Keith; Edwards, Alison; Mtetwa, Victor; Murray, Jon; Saunders, John F.; Rossotti, Francis J. C.

    1997-06-18

    The crystal structure of trans-diaquabis(methoxyacetato)copper(II), C(6)H(14)O(8)Cu, has been determined by neutron diffraction at 4.2 K (monoclinic, P2(1)/n, a = 6.88(1), b = 7.19(1), c = 9.77(2) Å, gamma = 95.7(1) degrees, (Z = 2)) and by X-ray diffraction at 125, 165, 205, 240, 265, 295, and 325 K. These measurements show that there is no phase change in the temperature range 4.2-325 K. The copper(II) coordination at 4.2 K is a tetragonally distorted elongated rhombic octahedron (Cu-OOC 1.955(1), Cu-OMe 2.209(1), and Cu-OH(2) 2.031(2) Å). As the temperature increases to 325 K, the Cu-OOC bonds shorten slightly to 1.934(5) Å, the Cu-OMe bonds shorten more markedly to 2.137(4) Å, and Cu-OH(2) lengthens to 2.155(6) Å to give a tetragonally distorted compressed rhombic octahedron. For comparison the structure of the isomorphous nickel(II) complex (monoclinic, P2(1)/n, a = 6.633(1), b = 7.192(1), c = 10.016(2) Å, gamma = 98.30(2) degrees, (Z = 2)) has been redetermined at 295 K and the structure of the analogous zinc(II) complex (orthorhombic, F2dd, a = 7.530(1), b = 13.212(1), c = 21.876(2) Å (Z = 8)) has also been determined. The nickel(II) complex has an almost regular trans (centrosymmetric) octahedral coordination (Ni-OOC 2.022(1), Ni-OMe 2.043(1), and Ni-OH(2) 2.077(2) Å). However, zinc(II) has a very distorted octahedral coordination with the zinc atom on a 2-fold axis with the water molecules and the methoxy ligators cis and the carboxylate ligators trans (Zn-OOC 1.985(1), Zn-OMe 2.304(2), and Zn-OH(2) 2.038(2) Å). The variation in the dimensions of the copper(II) coordination sphere is discussed in terms of static (low temperature) and planar dynamic (high temperature) pseudo-Jahn-Teller effects.

  3. Syntheses, spectroscopic and thermal analyses of cyanide bridged heteronuclear polymeric complexes: [M(L)2Ni(CN)4]n (Ldbnd N-methylethylenediamine or N-ethylethylenediamine; Mdbnd Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) or Cd(II))

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karaağaç, Dursun; Kürkçüoğlu, Güneş Süheyla

    2016-02-01

    Polymeric tetracyanonickelate(II) complexes of the type [M(L)2Ni(CN)4]n (Ldbnd N-methylethylenediamine (men) or N-ethylethylenediamine (neen); Mdbnd Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) or Cd(II)) have been prepared and characterized by FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, thermal and elemental analysis techniques. Additionally, FT-IR and Raman spectral analyses of men and neen have experimentally and theoretically investigated in the range of 4000-250 cm-1. The corresponding vibration assignments of men and neen are performed by using B3LYP density functional theory (DFT) method together with 6-31 G(d) basis set. The spectral features of the complexes suggest that the coordination environment of the M(II) ions are surrounded by the two symmetry related men and neen ligands and the two symmetry related N atom of cyanide groups, whereas the Ni(II) atoms are coordinated with a square-planar to four C atoms of the cyanide groups. Polymeric structures of the complexes consist of one dimensional alternative chains of [M(L)2]2+ and [Ni(CN)4]2- moieties. The thermal decompositions in the temperature range 30-700 °C of the complexes were investigated in the static air atmosphere.

  4. Novel FeII and CoII Complexes of Natural Product Tryptanthrin: Synthesis and Binding with G-Quadruplex DNA

    PubMed Central

    Zhong, Yi-ning; Zhang, Yan; Gu, Yun-qiong; Wu, Shi-yun; Shen, Wen-ying

    2016-01-01

    Tryptanthrin is one of the most important members of indoloquinoline alkaloids. We obtained this alkaloid from Isatis. Two novel FeII and CoII complexes of tryptanthrin were first synthesized. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses show that these complexes display distorted four-coordinated tetrahedron geometry via two heterocyclic nitrogen and oxygen atoms from tryptanthrin ligand. Binding with G-quadruplex DNA properties revealed that both complexes were found to exhibit significant interaction with G-quadruplex DNA. This study may potentially serve as the basis of future rational design of metal-based drugs from natural products that target the G-quadruplex DNA. PMID:27698647

  5. Synthesis of isatin thiosemicarbazones derivatives: in vitro anti-cancer, DNA binding and cleavage activities.

    PubMed

    Ali, Amna Qasem; Teoh, Siang Guan; Salhin, Abdussalam; Eltayeb, Naser Eltaher; Khadeer Ahamed, Mohamed B; Abdul Majid, A M S

    2014-05-05

    New derivatives of thiosemicarbazone Schiff base with isatin moiety were synthesized L1-L6. The structures of these compounds were characterized based on the spectroscopic techniques. Compound L6 was further characterized by XRD single crystal. The interaction of these compounds with calf thymus (CT-DNA) exhibited high intrinsic binding constant (k(b)=5.03-33.00×10(5) M(-1)) for L1-L3 and L5 and (6.14-9.47×10(4) M(-1)) for L4 and L6 which reflect intercalative activity of these compounds toward CT-DNA. This result was also confirmed by the viscosity data. The electrophoresis studies reveal the higher cleavage activity of L1-L3 than L4-L6. The in vitro anti-proliferative activity of these compounds against human colon cancer cell line (HCT 116) revealed that the synthesized compounds (L3, L6 and L2) exhibited good anticancer potency. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Antimicrobial, spectral, magnetic and thermal studies of Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), UO(2)(VI) and Fe(III) complexes of the Schiff base derived from oxalylhydrazide.

    PubMed

    Melha, Khlood Abou

    2008-04-01

    The Schiff base ligand, oxalyl [( 2 - hydroxybenzylidene) hydrazone] [corrected].H(2)L, and its Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), UO(2)(VI) and Fe(III) complexes were prepared and tested as antibacterial agents. The Schiff base acts as a dibasic tetra- or hexadentate ligand with metal cations in molar ratio 1:1 or 2:1 (M:L) to yield either mono- or binuclear complexes, respectively. The ligand and its metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, (1)H NMR, Mass, and UV-Visible spectra and the magnetic moments and electrical conductance of the complexes were also determined. For binuclear complexes, the magnetic moments are quite low compared to the calculated value for two metal ions complexes and this shows antiferromagnetic interactions between the two adjacent metal ions. The ligand and its metal complexes were tested against a Gram + ve bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus), a Gram -ve bacteria (Escherichia coli), and a fungi (Candida albicans). The tested compounds exhibited high antibacterial activities.

  7. Mössbauer study of novel iron(II) complexes synthesized with Schiff bases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Várhelyi, Cs.; Lengyel, A.; Homonnay, Z.; Szalay, R.; Pokol, Gy.; Szilágyi, I.-M.; Huszthy, P.; Papp, J.; Goga, F.; Golban, L.-M.; Várhelyi, M.; Tomoaia-Cotisel, M.; Szőke, Á.; Kuzmann, E.

    2017-11-01

    Novel [Fe(4-benzyl-2-hydroxyphenyl-propylidene)2ethylene-diamine], and [Fe (2,4,6-trihydroxy-benzyl-4-metoxiphenyl-methylidene)2ethylene-diamine] complexes were synthesized by reacting FeII salt with the indicated Schiff-base ligands. The compounds were characterized by57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, FTIR, UV-VIS, TG-DTA-DTG, MS, AFM, XRD, cyclic voltammetry and biological activity measurements. 295 K and 78 K Mössbauer spectra revealed that iron is dominantly in high spin FeII state in both complexes while simultaneously a minor low spin FeII was also present in both complexes, furthermore a minor high spin FeIII was observed in [Fe(2,4,6-trihydroxy-benzyl-4-metoxiphenyl- methylidene) 2ethylene-diamine], too.

  8. BSA binding and antimicrobial studies of branched polyethyleneimine-copper(II)bipyridine/phenanthroline complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vignesh, Gopalaswamy; Arunachalam, Sankaralingam; Vignesh, Sivanandham; James, Rathinam Arthur

    2012-10-01

    The interaction of two water soluble branched polyethyleneimine-copper(II) complexes containing bipyridine/phenanthroline with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied by, UV-Visible absorption, fluorescence, lifetime measurements and circular dichroism spectroscopic techniques. The polymer-copper(II) complexes strongly quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA is the static quenching mechanism through hydrogen bonds and van der Waal's attraction. The distance r, between the BSA and the complexes seems to be less than 2 nm indicating that the energy transfer between the donor and acceptor occurs with high probability. Synchronous fluorescence studies indicate the binding of polymer-copper(II) complexes with BSA mostly changes the polarity around tryptophan residues rather than tyrosine residues. The circular dichroism studies indicate that the binding has induced considerable amount of conformational changes in the protein. The complexes also show some antibacterial and antifungal properties.

  9. Design, synthesis and characterization of macrocyclic ligand based transition metal complexes of Ni(II), Cu(II) and Co(II) with their antimicrobial and antioxidant evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gull, Parveez; Malik, Manzoor Ahmad; Dar, Ovas Ahmad; Hashmi, Athar Adil

    2017-04-01

    Three new complexes Ni(II), Cu(II) and Co(II) were synthesized of macrocyclic ligand derived from 1, 4-dicarbonyl-phenyl-dihydrazide and O-phthalaldehyde in the ratio of 2:2. The synthesized compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements, FTIR, UV-Vis., Mass and 1H NMR spectral studies. The electronic spectra of the metal complexes indicate a six coordinate octahedral geometry of the central metal ion. These metal complexes and the ligand were evaluated for antimicrobial activity against bacteria (E. coli, B. subtilis, S. aureus) and fungi (A. niger, A. flavus, C. albicans) and compared against standard drugs chloramphenicol and nystatin respectively. In addition, the antioxidant activity of the compounds was also investigated through scavenging effect on DPPH radicals.

  10. β-Cyclodextrin hydrogels for the ocular release of antibacterial thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Glisoni, Romina J; García-Fernández, María J; Pino, Marylú; Gutkind, Gabriel; Moglioni, Albertina G; Alvarez-Lorenzo, Carmen; Concheiro, Angel; Sosnik, Alejandro

    2013-04-02

    Two types of hydrophilic networks with conjugated beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD) were developed with the aim of engineering useful platforms for the localized release of an antimicrobial 5,6-dimethoxy-1-indanone N4-allyl thiosemicarbazone (TSC) in the eye and its potential application in ophthalmic diseases. Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) soft contact lenses (SCLs) displaying β-CD, namely pHEMA-co-β-CD, and super-hydrophilic hydrogels (SHHs) of directly cross-linked hydroxypropyl-β-CD were synthesized and characterized regarding their structure (ATR/FT-IR), drug loading capacity, swelling and in vitro release in artificial lacrimal fluid. Incorporation of TSC to the networks was carried out both during polymerization (DP method) and after synthesis (PP method). The first method led to similar drug loads in all the hydrogels, with minor drug loss during the washing steps to remove unreacted monomers, while the second method evidenced the influence of structural parameters on the loading efficiency (proportion of CD units, mesh size, swelling degree). Both systems provided a controlled TSC release for at least two weeks, TSC concentrations (up to 4000μg/g dry hydrogel) being within an optimal therapeutic window for the antimicrobial ocular treatment. Microbiological tests against P. aeruginosa and S. aureus confirmed the ability of TSC-loaded pHEMA-co-β-CD network to inhibit bacterial growth. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Terminal NiII-OH/-OH2 complexes in trigonal bipyramidal geometries derived from H2O.

    PubMed

    Lau, Nathanael; Sano, Yohei; Ziller, Joseph W; Borovik, A S

    2017-03-29

    The preparation and characterization of two Ni II complexes are described, a terminal Ni II -OH complex with the tripodal ligand tris[(N)-tertbutylureaylato)-N-ethyl)]aminato ([H 3 buea] 3- ) and a terminal Ni II -OH 2 complex with the tripodal ligand N , N ', N ″-[2,2',2″-nitrilotris(ethane-2,1-diyl)]tris(2,4,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonamido) ([MST] 3- ). For both complexes, the source of the -OH and -OH 2 ligand is water. The salts K 2 [Ni II H 3 buea(OH)] and NMe 4 [Ni II MST(OH 2 )] were characterized using perpendicular-mode X-band electronic paramagnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared, UV-visible spectroscopies, and its electrochemical properties were evaluated using cyclic voltammetry. The solid state structures of these complexes determined by X-ray diffraction methods reveal that they adopt a distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry, an unusual structure for 5-coordinate Ni II complexes. Moreover, the Ni II -OH and Ni II -OH 2 units form intramolecular hydrogen bonding networks with the [H 3 buea] 3- and [MST] 3- ligands. The oxidation chemistry of these complexes was explored by treating the high-spin Ni II compounds with one-electron oxidants. Species were formed with S = 1/2 spin ground states that are consistent with formation of monomeric Ni III species. While the formation of Ni III -OH complexes cannot be ruled out, the lack of observable O-H vibrations from the putative Ni-OH units suggest the possibility that other high valent Ni species are formed.

  12. N-benzoylated 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane and their copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes: Spectral, magnetic, electrochemical, crystal structure, catalytic and antimicrobial studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nirmala, G.; Rahiman, A. Kalilur; Sreedaran, S.; Jegadeesh, R.; Raaman, N.; Narayanan, V.

    2010-09-01

    A series of N-benzoylated cyclam ligands incorporating three different benzoyl groups 1,4,8,11-tetra-(benzoyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane (L 1), 1,4,8,11-tetra-(2-nitrobenzoyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane (L 2) and 1,4,8,11-tetra-(4-nitrobenzoyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane (L 3) and their nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes are described. Crystal structure of L 1 is also reported. The ligands and complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, electronic, IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectral studies. N-benzoylation causes red shift in the λmax values of the complexes. The cyclic voltammogram of the complexes of ligand L 1 show one-electron, quasi-reversible reduction wave in the region -1.00 to -1.04 V, whereas that of L 2 and L 3 show two quasi-reversible reduction peaks. Nickel complexes show one-electron quasi-reversible oxidation wave at a positive potential in the range +1.05 to +1.15 V. The ESR spectra of the mononuclear copper(II) complexes show four lines, characteristic of square-planar geometry with nuclear hyperfine spin 3/2. All copper(II) complexes show a normal room temperature magnetic moment values μeff 1.70-1.73 BM which is close to the spin-only value of 1.73 BM. Kinetic studies on the oxidation of pyrocatechol to o-quinone using the copper(II) complexes as catalysts and hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenylphosphate using the copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes as catalysts were carried out. All the ligands and their complexes were also screened for antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and human pathogenic fungi.

  13. Derivatization of bichromic cyclometalated Ru(II) complexes with hydrophobic substituents.

    PubMed

    Robson, Kiyoshi C D; Koivisto, Bryan D; Berlinguette, Curtis P

    2012-02-06

    The syntheses and physical properties of cyclometalated Ru(II) complexes containing a triphenylamine (TPA) unit bearing aliphatic groups are reported. Each member of the series consists of an octahedral Ru(II) center coordinated by a tridentate polypyridyl ligand and a tridentate cyclometalating ligand. One of the chelating ligands contains electron-deficient methyl ester groups, while a TPA unit is attached to the central ring of the adjacent chelating ligand through a thiophene bridge. This study builds on our previous work (Inorg. Chem. 2011, 50, 6019-6028; Inorg. Chem. 2011, 50, 5494-5508) by (i) outlining a synthetic protocol for installing aliphatic groups on the TPA substituents, (ii) examining the role that terminal -O-hexyl and -S-hexyl groups situated on the TPA have on the electrochemical properties, and (iii) demonstrating the potential benefit of installing the TPA on the neutral chelating ligand rather than the anionic chelating ligand. The results reported herein provide important synthetic advances for our broader goal of developing bis-tridentate cyclometalated Ru(II) complexes for light-harvesting applications.

  14. High Molecular Weight Forms of Mammalian Respiratory Chain Complex II

    PubMed Central

    Nůsková, Hana; Holzerová, Eliška; Vrbacký, Marek; Pecina, Petr; Hejzlarová, Kateřina; Kľučková, Katarína; Rohlena, Jakub; Neuzil, Jiri; Houštěk, Josef

    2013-01-01

    Mitochondrial respiratory chain is organised into supramolecular structures that can be preserved in mild detergent solubilisates and resolved by native electrophoretic systems. Supercomplexes of respiratory complexes I, III and IV as well as multimeric forms of ATP synthase are well established. However, the involvement of complex II, linking respiratory chain with tricarboxylic acid cycle, in mitochondrial supercomplexes is questionable. Here we show that digitonin-solubilised complex II quantitatively forms high molecular weight structures (CIIhmw) that can be resolved by clear native electrophoresis. CIIhmw structures are enzymatically active and differ in electrophoretic mobility between tissues (500 – over 1000 kDa) and cultured cells (400–670 kDa). While their formation is unaffected by isolated defects in other respiratory chain complexes, they are destabilised in mtDNA-depleted, rho0 cells. Molecular interactions responsible for the assembly of CIIhmw are rather weak with the complexes being more stable in tissues than in cultured cells. While electrophoretic studies and immunoprecipitation experiments of CIIhmw do not indicate specific interactions with the respiratory chain complexes I, III or IV or enzymes of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, they point out to a specific interaction between CII and ATP synthase. PMID:23967256

  15. Solid solutions of platinum(II) and palladium(II) oxalato-complex salt as precursors of nanoalloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zadesenets, A. V.; Asanova, T. I.; Vikulova, E. S.; Filatov, E. Yu.; Plyusnin, P. E.; Baidina, I. A.; Asanov, I. P.; Korenev, S. V.

    2013-03-01

    A solid solution of platinum (II) and palladium (II) oxalato-complex salt, (NH4)2[Pt0.5Pd0.5(C2O4)2]·2H2O, has been synthesized and studied as a precursor for preparing bimetallic PtPd nanoparticles through its thermal decomposition. The smallest homogenous bimetallic PtPd nanoparticles were found to form in hydrogen and helium atmospheres. The annealing temperature and time have low effect on the bimetallic particles size. Comparative analysis of structural and thermal properties of the solid solution and individual Pt, Pd oxalato-complex salts was performed to investigate a mechanism of thermal decomposition of (NH4)2[Pt0.5Pd0.5(C2O4)2]·2H2O. Based on in situ X-ray photoemission spectroscopy investigation it was proposed a mechanism of formation of bimetallic PtPd nanoparticles from the solid-solution oxalato-complex salt during thermal decomposition.

  16. Synthesis and characterization of a series of transition metal complexes with a new symmetrical polyoxaaza macroacyclic Schiff base ligand: X-ray crystal structure of cobalt(II) and nickel(II) complexes and their antibacterial properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keypour, Hassan; Shayesteh, Maryam; Rezaeivala, Majid; Chalabian, Firoozeh; Valencia, Laura

    2013-01-01

    A new symmetrical [N4O2] hexadentate Schiff base ligand, (E)-N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)-2-(3-(2-((E)-pyridin-2-lmethyleneamino)phenoxy)naphthalen-2-yloxy)benzenamine, abbreviated to L, and its complexes of Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Co(II), Cd(II) and Mn(II) have been synthesized in the presence of metal ions. The complexes were structurally characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-Vis, NMR and molar conductivity. The crystal structures of two complexes, [NiL(ONO2)2]·2H2O and [CoLCl2]CH3OH·0.5H2O, have been determined by a single crystal X-ray diffraction study. In these complexes, the ligand is coordinated in a neutral form via pyridine and azomethine nitrogen atoms. The metal ions complete their six coordination with two coordinated nitrate or chloride ions, forming a distorted octahedral geometry. The synthesized compounds have antibacterial activity against the three Gram-positive bacteria: Enterococcus faecalis, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus epid and also against the three Gram-negative bacteria: Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter aerogenes and Salmonella typhi. The activity data show that the complexes are more potent antibacterials than the parent Schiff base.

  17. Comparative study of copper(II)-curcumin complexes as superoxide dismutase mimics and free radical scavengers.

    PubMed

    Barik, Atanu; Mishra, Beena; Kunwar, Amit; Kadam, Ramakant M; Shen, Liang; Dutta, Sabari; Padhye, Subhash; Satpati, Ashis K; Zhang, Hong-Yu; Indira Priyadarsini, K

    2007-04-01

    Two stoichiometrically different copper(II) complexes of curcumin (stoichiometry, 1:1 and 1:2 for copper:curcumin), were examined for their superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, free radical-scavenging ability and antioxidant potential. Both the complexes are soluble in lipids and DMSO. The formation constants of the complexes were determined by voltammetry. EPR spectra of the complexes in DMSO at 77K showed that the 1:2 Cu(II)-curcumin complex is square planar and the 1:1 Cu(II)-curcumin complex is distorted orthorhombic. Cu(II)-curcumin complex (1:1) with larger distortion from square planar structure shows higher SOD activity. These complexes inhibit gamma-radiation induced lipid peroxidation in liposomes and react with DPPH acting as free radical scavengers. One-electron oxidation of the two complexes by radiolytically generated azide radicals in Tx-100 micellar solutions produced phenoxyl radicals, indicating that the phenolic moiety of curcumin in the complexes participates in free radical reactions. Depending on the structure, these two complexes possess different SOD activities, free radical neutralizing abilities and antioxidant potentials. In addition, quantum chemical calculations with density functional theory have been performed to support the experimental observations.

  18. Molecular Models of Ruthenium(II) Organometallic Complexes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, William F.

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the featured molecules for the month of March, which appear in the paper by Ozerov, Fafard, and Hoffman, and which are related to the study of the reactions of a number of "piano stool" complexes of ruthenium(II). The synthesis of compound 2a offers students an alternative to the preparation of ferrocene if they are only…

  19. Cobalt(II) complexes with bis(N-imidazolyl/benzimidazolyl) pyridazine: Structures, photoluminescent and photocatalytic properties

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Li, Jin-Ping; Fan, Jian-Zhong; Wang, Duo-Zhi, E-mail: wangdz@xju.edu.cn

    2016-07-15

    Six new Co{sup II} complexes [Co(L{sup 1}){sub 4}(OH){sub 2}] (1), {[Co(L"1)(H_2O)_4]·2ClO_4}{sub ∞} (2), {[Co(L"1)(H_2O)_4]·SiF_6}{sub ∞} (3), {[Co(L"1)_3]·2ClO_4}{sub ∞} (4), [Co(L{sup 2})Cl{sub 2}]{sub ∞} (5) and {[Co(L"2)_2]·SiF_6}{sub ∞} (6) [L{sup 1}=3,6-bis(N-imidazolyl) pyridazine, L{sup 2}=3,6-bis (N-benzimidazolyl) pyridazine] have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Complex 1 has a mononuclear structure, while complexes 2 and 3 have 1-D chain structures. Considering the Co{sup II} centers were linked by the L{sup 1} ligands, the 3-D framework of complex 4 can be rationalized to be a {4^12.6^3} 6-c topological net with the stoichiometry uninodal net. 5 revealsmore » a coordination 1-D zigzag chain structure consisting of a neutral chain [Co(L{sup 2})Cl{sub 2}]{sub n} with the Co{sup II} centers. Complex 6 has a rhombohedral grid with a (4, 4) topology. The TGA property, fluorescent property and photocatalytic activity of complexes 1–6 have been investigated and discussed. - Graphical abstract: Six Co{sup II} complexes of bis(N-imidazolyl/benzimidazolyl)pyridazine were synthesized and structurally characterized. The fluorescence properties and photocatalytic activity for dye degradation under UV light of all complexes have been investigated and discussed. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Six new Co{sup II} complexes with bis(N-imidazolyl/benzimidazolyl) pyridazine. • Structural analysis of all complexes. • Fluorescent property of all complexes. • Photocatalytic activity for dye degradation under UV light of all complexes.« less

  20. Controlling the oxidation of bis-tridentate cobalt(ii) complexes having bis(2-pyridylalkyl)amines: ligand vs. metal oxidation.

    PubMed

    Anjana, S; Donring, S; Sanjib, P; Varghese, B; Murthy, Narasimha N

    2017-08-22

    Two bis-tridentate chelated cobalt(ii) complexes, which differ in the ligand structure by a methylene group, activate molecular oxygen (O 2 ), and give different oxidation products. The O 2 reaction of [Co II (pepma) 2 ] 2+ (1) with unsymmetrical 2-(2-pyridyl)-N-(2-pyridylmethyl)ethanamine (pepma) results in ligand oxidation, to the corresponding Co(ii) imine complex [Co II (pepmi) 2 ] 2+ (2). Contrastingly, the Co(ii) complex [Co II (bpma) 2 ] 2+ (3) of similar symmetrical bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amine (bpma), undergoes metal oxidation, yielding a cobalt(iii) complex, [Co III (bpma) 2 ] 2+ (4). The reversibility of the amine to imine conversion and the stability of the Co(ii) imine complex (2) are investigated. Furthermore, the solution dynamics of Co(ii) complexes are highlighted with the help of paramagnetic 1 H-NMR spectroscopy.

  1. Surface complexation model for multisite adsorption of copper(II) onto kaolinite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peacock, Caroline L.; Sherman, David M.

    2005-08-01

    We measured the adsorption of Cu(II) onto kaolinite from pH 3-7 at constant ionic strength. EXAFS spectra show that Cu(II) adsorbs as (CuO 4H n) n-6 and binuclear (Cu 2O 6H n) n-8 inner-sphere complexes on variable-charge ≡AlOH sites and as Cu 2+ on ion exchangeable ≡X-H + sites. Sorption isotherms and EXAFS spectra show that surface precipitates have not formed at least up to pH 6.5. Inner-sphere complexes are bound to the kaolinite surface by corner-sharing with two or three edge-sharing Al(O,OH) 6 polyhedra. Our interpretation of the EXAFS data are supported by ab initio (density functional theory) geometries of analog clusters simulating Cu complexes on the {110} and {010} crystal edges and at the ditrigonal cavity sites on the {001}. Having identified the bidentate (≡AlOH) 2Cu(OH) 20, tridentate (≡Al 3O(OH) 2)Cu 2(OH) 30 and ≡X-Cu 2+ surface complexes, the experimental copper(II) adsorption data can be fit to the reactions

  2. Ferromagnetic dinuclear mixed-valence Mn(II)/Mn(III) complexes: building blocks for the higher nuclearity complexes. structure, magnetic properties, and density functional theory calculations.

    PubMed

    Hänninen, Mikko M; Välivaara, Juha; Mota, Antonio J; Colacio, Enrique; Lloret, Francesc; Sillanpää, Reijo

    2013-02-18

    A series of six mixed-valence Mn(II)/Mn(III) dinuclear complexes were synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction. The reactivity of the complexes was surveyed, and structures of three additional trinuclear mixed-valence Mn(III)/Mn(II)/Mn(III) species were resolved. The magnetic properties of the complexes were studied in detail both experimentally and theoretically. All dinuclear complexes show ferromagnetic intramolecular interactions, which were justified on the basis of the electronic structures of the Mn(II) and Mn(III) ions. The large Mn(II)-O-Mn(III) bond angle and small distortion of the Mn(II) cation from the ideal square pyramidal geometry were shown to enhance the ferromagnetic interactions since these geometrical conditions seem to favor the orthogonal arrangement of the magnetic orbitals.

  3. Synthesis and spectral characterization of Schiff base complexes of Cu(II), Co(II), Zn(II) and VO(IV) containing 4-(4-aminophenyl)morpholine derivatives: Antimicrobial evaluation and anticancer studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhahagani, K.; Mathan Kumar, S.; Chakkaravarthi, G.; Anitha, K.; Rajesh, J.; Ramu, A.; Rajagopal, G.

    2014-01-01

    Metal(II) chelates of Schiff bases derived from the condensation of 4-morpholinoaniline with substituted salicylaldehyde have been prepared and characterized by 1H NMR, IR, electronic, EPR, and magnetic measurement studies. The complexes are of the type M(X-MPMP)2 [where M = Cu(II), Co(II)), Zn(II), or VO(IV); MPMP = 2-[(4 morpholinophenyl imino) methyl] 4-X-phenol, X = Cl, (L1H), X = Br (L2H)]. Single crystal X-ray crystallography studies confirm the structure of newly synthesized Schiff bases. The Schiff bases act as bidentate monobasic ligands, coordinating through deprotonated phenolic oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms. The free ligands and metal complexes are screened for their biopotency. Metal complexes exhibit better activity than ligands. Anticancer activity of ligands and their metal complexes are evaluated in human heptocarcinoma(HepG2) cells. The preliminary bioassay indicates that the Schiff base and its zinc complex exhibit inhibitory activity against the human gastric cancer cell lines.

  4. Theoretical Modeling of the Magnetic Behavior of Thiacalix[4]arene Tetranuclear Mn(II)2Gd(III)2 and Co(II)2Eu(III)2 Complexes.

    PubMed

    Aldoshin, Sergey M; Sanina, Nataliya A; Palii, Andrew V; Tsukerblat, Boris S

    2016-04-04

    In view of a wide perspective of 3d-4f complexes in single-molecule magnetism, here we propose an explanation of the magnetic behavior of the two thiacalix[4]arene tetranuclear heterometallic complexes Mn(II)2Gd(III)2 and Co(II)2Eu(III)2. The energy pattern of the Mn(II)2Gd(III)2 complex evaluated in the framework of the isotropic exchange model exhibits a rotational band of the low-lying spin excitations within which the Landé intervals are affected by the biquadratic spin-spin interactions. The nonmonotonic temperature dependence of the χT product observed for the Mn(II)2Gd(III)2 complex is attributed to the competitive influence of the ferromagnetic Mn-Gd and antiferromagnetic Mn-Mn exchange interactions, the latter being stronger (J(Mn, Mn) = -1.6 cm(-1), Js(Mn, Gd) = 0.8 cm(-1), g = 1.97). The model for the Co(II)2Eu(III)2 complex includes uniaxial anisotropy of the seven-coordinate Co(II) ions and an isotropic exchange interaction in the Co(II)2 pair, while the Eu(III) ions are diamagnetic in their ground states. Best-fit analysis of χT versus T showed that the anisotropic contribution (arising from a large zero-field splitting in Co(II) ions) dominates (weak-exchange limit) in the Co(II)2Eu(III)2 complex (D = 20.5 cm(-1), J = -0.4 cm(-1), gCo = 2.22). This complex is concluded to exhibit an easy plane of magnetization (arising from the Co(II) pair). It is shown that the low-lying part of the spectrum can be described by a highly anisotropic effective spin-(1)/2 Hamiltonian that is deduced for the Co(II)2 pair in the weak-exchange limit.

  5. Antibacterial activity of Pd(II) complexes with salicylaldehyde-amino acids Schiff bases ligands.

    PubMed

    Rîmbu, Cristina; Danac, Ramona; Pui, Aurel

    2014-01-01

    Palladium(II) complexes with Schiff bases ligands derived from salicylaldehyde and amino acids (Ala, Gly, Met, Ser, Val) have been synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform (FT)-IR, UV-Vis and (1)H-NMR spectroscopy. The electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS) spectrometry confirms the formation of palladium(II) complexes in 1/2 (M/L) molar ratio. All the Pd(II) complexes 1, [Pd(SalAla)2]Cl2; 2, [Pd(SalGly)2]Cl2; 3, [Pd(SalMet)2]Cl2; 4, [Pd(SalSer)2]Cl2; 5, [Pd(SalVal)2]Cl2; have shown antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli.

  6. Synthesis, characterization, antibacterial activities and carbonic anhydrase enzyme inhibitor effects of new arylsulfonylhydrazone and their Ni(II), Co(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Özdemir, Ümmühan Özmen; Arslan, Fatma; Hamurcu, Fatma

    2010-01-01

    Ethane sulfonic acide hydrazide ( esh: CH 3CH 2SO 2NHNH 2) derivatives as 5-methylsalicyl-aldehydeethanesulfonylhydrazone ( 5msalesh), 5-methyl-2-hydroxyacetophenoneethane sulfonylhydrazone ( 5mafesh) and their Ni(II), Co(II) complexes have been synthesized for the first time. The structure of these compounds has been investigated by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, LC/MS, UV-vis spectrophotometric method, magnetic susceptibility, thermal studies and conductivity measurements. The antibacterial activities of synthesized compounds were studied against Gram positive bacteria; Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus magaterium and Gram negative bacteria; Salmonella enteritidis, Escherichia coli by using the microdilution broth method. The biological activity screening showed that ligands have more activity than complexes against the tested bacteria. The inhibition activities of these compounds on carbonic anhydrase II (CA II) have been investigated by comparing IC 50 and Ki values and it has been found that 5msalesh and its complexes have more enzyme inhibition efficiency than other compounds.

  7. Mononuclear, trinuclear, and hetero-trinuclear supramolecular complexes containing a new tri-sulfonate ligand and cobalt(II)/copper(II)-(1,10-phenanthroline) 2 building blocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Yunfang; Wei, Yongqin; Broer, Ria; Sa, Rongjian; Wu, Kechen

    2008-03-01

    Novel mononuclear, trinuclear, and hetero-trinuclear supermolecular complexes, [Co(phen) 2(H 2O)(HTST)]·2H 2O ( 1), [Co 3(phen) 6(H 2O) 2(TST) 2]·7H 2O ( 2), and [Co 2Cu(phen) 6(H 2O) 2(TST) 2]·10H 2O ( 3), have been synthesized by the reactions of a new tri-sulfonate ligand (2,4,6-tris(4-sulfophenylamino)-1,3,5-triazine, H 3TST) with the M2+ ( M=Co, Cu) and the second ligand 1,10-phenanthroline (phen). Complex 1 contains a cis-Co(II)(phen) 2 building block and an HTST as monodentate ligand; complex 2 consists of two TST as bidentate ligands connecting one trans- and two cis-Co(II)(phen) 2 building blocks; complex 3 is formed by replacing the trans-Co(II)(phen) 2 in 2 with a trans-Cu(II)(phen) 2, which is the first reported hetero-trinuclear supramolecular complex containing both the Co(II)(phen) 2 and Cu(II)(phen) 2 as building blocks. The study shows the flexible multifunctional self-assembly capability of the H 3TST ligands presenting in these supramolecular complexes through coordinative, H-bonding and even π- π stacking interactions. The photoluminescent optical properties of these complexes are also investigated and discussed as well as the second-order nonlinear optical properties of 1.

  8. Mitochondrial Ca2+ influx targets cardiolipin to disintegrate respiratory chain complex II for cell death induction

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, M-S; Schwall, C T; Pazarentzos, E; Datler, C; Alder, N N; Grimm, S

    2014-01-01

    Massive Ca2+ influx into mitochondria is critically involved in cell death induction but it is unknown how this activates the organelle for cell destruction. Using multiple approaches including subcellular fractionation, FRET in intact cells, and in vitro reconstitutions, we show that mitochondrial Ca2+ influx prompts complex II of the respiratory chain to disintegrate, thereby releasing an enzymatically competent sub-complex that generates excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) for cell death induction. This Ca2+-dependent dissociation of complex II is also observed in model membrane systems, but not when cardiolipin is replaced with a lipid devoid of Ca2+ binding. Cardiolipin is known to associate with complex II and upon Ca2+ binding coalesces into separate homotypic clusters. When complex II is deprived of this lipid, it disintegrates for ROS formation and cell death. Our results reveal Ca2+ binding to cardiolipin for complex II disintegration as a pivotal step for oxidative stress and cell death induction. PMID:24948011

  9. Ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes as dual inhibitors of telomerase and topoisomerase.

    PubMed

    Liao, Guoliang; Chen, Xiang; Wu, Jingheng; Qian, Chen; Wang, Yi; Ji, Liangnian; Chao, Hui

    2015-09-14

    One novel ruthenium polypyridyl complex, [Ru(bpy)2(icip)](2+) (1), and two previously reported ruthenium polypyridyl complexes, [Ru(bpy)2(pdppz)](2+) ()2 and [Ru(bpy)2(tactp)](2+) (3) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, icip = 2-(indeno[2,1-b]chromen-6-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline, pdppz = phenanthro[4,5-abc]dipyrido[3,2-h:2',3'-j]phenazine, tactp = 4,5,9,18-tetraazachryseno[9,10-b]-triphenylene), have been synthesised. As expected, these complexes show inhibition towards telomerase by inducing and stabilising the G-quadruplex structure, and behave as topoisomerase I/II poisons at the same time. Additionally, the acute and chronic cytotoxicities of the complexes are considered. Furthermore, cell apoptosis experiments are used to briefly study the mechanism. Because studies involving multi-target inhibition towards topoisomerase and telomerase of Ru(II) complexes have not been reported previously, the present research may help to develop innovative chemical strategies and therapies.

  10. Theoretical investigation, biological evaluation and VEGFR2 kinase studies of metal(II) complexes derived from hydrotris(methimazolyl)borate.

    PubMed

    Jayakumar, S; Mahendiran, D; Srinivasan, T; Mohanraj, G; Kalilur Rahiman, A

    2016-02-01

    The reaction of soft tripodal scorpionate ligand, sodium hydrotris(methimazolyl)borate with M(ClO4)2·6H2O [MMn(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) or Zn(II)] in methanol leads to the cleavage of B-N bond followed by the formation of complexes of the type [M(MeimzH)4](ClO4)2·H2O (1-4), where MeimzH=methimazole. All the complexes were fully characterized by spectro-analytical techniques. The molecular structure of the zinc(II) complex (4) was determined by X-ray crystallography, which supports the observed deboronation reaction in the scorpionate ligand with tetrahedral geometry around zinc(II) ion. The electronic spectra of complexes suggested tetrahedral geometry for manganese(II) and nickel(II) complexes, and square-planar geometry for copper(II) complex. Frontier molecular orbital analysis (HOMO-LUMO) was carried out by B3LYP/6-31G(d) to understand the charge transfer occurring in the molecules. All the complexes exhibit significant antimicrobial activity against Gram (-ve) and Gram (+ve) bacterial as well as fungal strains, which are quite comparable to standard drugs streptomycin and clotrimazole. The copper(II) complex (3) showed excellent free radical scavenging activity against DPPH in all concentration with IC50 value of 30μg/mL, when compared to the other complexes. In the molecular docking studies, all the complexes showed hydrophobic, π-π and hydrogen bonding interactions with BSA. The cytotoxic activity of the complexes against human hepatocellular liver carcinoma (HepG2) cells was assessed by MTT assay, which showed exponential responses toward increasing concentration of complexes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Structural, spectral, DFT and biological studies on macrocyclic mononuclear ruthenium (II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muthukkumar, M.; Kamal, C.; Venkatesh, G.; Kaya, C.; Kaya, S.; Enoch, Israel V. M. V.; Vennila, P.; Rajavel, R.

    2017-11-01

    Macrocyclic mononuclear ruthenium (II) complexes have been synthesized by condensation method [Ru (L1, L2, L3) Cl2] L1 = (C36 H31 N9), L2= (C42H36N8), L3= (C32H32 N8)]. These ruthenium complexes have been established by elemental analyses and spectroscopic techniques (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), 1H- nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), 13C- NMR and Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS)). The coordination mode of the ligand has been confirmed and the octahedral geometry around the ruthenium ion has been revealed. Binding affinity and binding mode of ruthenium (II) complexes with Bovine serum Albumin (BSA) have been characterized by Emission spectra analysis. UV-Visible and fluorescence spectroscopic techniques have also been utilized to examine the interaction between ligand and its complexes L1, L2, & L3 with BSA. Chemical parameters and molecular structure of Ru (II) complexes L1H, L2H, & L3H have been determined by DFT coupled with B3LYP/6-311G** functional in both the gaseous and aqueous phases.

  12. Spectroscopic, thermal, catalytic and biological studies of Cu(II) azo dye complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Sonbati, A. Z.; Diab, M. A.; El-Bindary, A. A.; Shoair, A. F.; Hussein, M. A.; El-Boz, R. A.

    2017-08-01

    New complexes of copper(II) with azo compounds of 5-amino-2-(aryl diazenyl)phenol (HLn) are prepared and investigated by elemental analyses, molar conductance, IR, 1H NMR, UV-Visible, mass, ESR spectra, magnetic susceptibility measurements and thermal analyses. The complexes have a square planar structure and general formula [Cu(Ln)(OAc)]H2O. Study the catalytic activities of Cu(II) complexes toward oxidation of benzyl alcohol derivatives to carbonyl compounds were tested using H2O2 as the oxidant. The intrinsic binding constants (Kb) of the ligands (HLn) and Cu(II) complexes (1-4) with CT-DNA are determined. The formed compounds have been tested for biological activity of antioxidants, antibacterial against Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) bacteria and yeast Candida albicans. Antibiotic (Ampicillin) and antifungal against (Colitrimazole) and cytotoxic compounds HL1, HL2, HL3 and complex (1) showed moderate to good activity against S. aureus, E. coli and Candida albicans, and also to be moderate on antioxidants and toxic substances. Molecular docking is used to predict the binding between the ligands with the receptor of breast cancer (2a91).

  13. The electric and thermoelectric properties of Cu(II)-Schiff base nano-complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ibrahim, E. M. M.; Abdel-Rahman, Laila H.; Abu-Dief, Ahmed M.; Elshafaie, A.; Hamdan, Samar Kamel; Ahmed, A. M.

    2018-05-01

    The physical properties, such as electric and optical properties, of metal-Schiff base complexes have been widely investigated. However, their thermoelectric (TE) properties remain unreported. This work presents Cu(II)-Schiff base complexes as promising materials for TE power generation. Therefore, three Cu(II)-Schiff base complexes (namely, [Cu(C32H22N4O2)].3/2H2O, [Cu(C23H17N4O7Br)], and [Cu(C27H22N4O8)].H2O) have been synthesized in nanosized scale. The electric and TE properties have been studied and comprehensive discussions have been presented to promote the nano-complexes (NCs) practical applications in the field of TE power generation. The electrical measurements confirm that the NCs are semiconductors and the electrical conduction process is governed by intermolecular and intramolecular transfer of the charge carriers. The TE measurements reveal that the Cu(II)-Schiff base NCs are nondegenerate P-type semiconductors. The measured Seebeck coefficient values were higher compared to the values reported in previous works for other organic materials indicating that the complexes under study are promising candidates for theremoelectric applications if the electrical conductivity could be enhanced.

  14. Anionic Palladium(0) and Palladium(II) Ate Complexes.

    PubMed

    Kolter, Marlene; Böck, Katharina; Karaghiosoff, Konstantin; Koszinowski, Konrad

    2017-10-16

    Palladium ate complexes are frequently invoked as important intermediates in Heck and cross-coupling reactions, but so far have largely eluded characterization at the molecular level. Here, we use electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry, electrical conductivity measurements, and NMR spectroscopy to show that the electron-poor catalyst [L 3 Pd] (L=tris[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]phosphine) readily reacts with Br - ions to afford the anionic, zero-valent ate complex [L 3 PdBr] - . In contrast, more-electron-rich Pd catalysts display lower tendencies toward the formation of ate complexes. Combining [L 3 Pd] with LiI and an aryl iodide substrate (ArI) results in the observation of the Pd II ate complex [L 2 Pd(Ar)I 2 ] - . © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Synthesis, crystallographic and spectral studies of homochiral cobalt(II) and nickel(II) complexes of a new terpyridylaminoacid ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xing; Gao, Chang-Qing; Gao, Zhi-Yang; Wu, Ben-Lai; Niu, Yun-Yin

    2018-04-01

    Based on a chiral terpyridylaminoacid ligand, a series of homochiral Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes, namely, [Co(H2L)(HL)]·Cl·(PF6)2·2H2O (1), [Ni(H2L)(HL)]·Cl·(PF6)2 (2), [Co2(L)2(CH3OH)(H2O)]·(PF6)2·CH3OH (3), [Ni2(L)2(CH3OH)2]·(PF6)2·2CH3OH (4), [Co2(L)2(N3)2]·3H2O (5), and [Ni2(L)2(SCN)2]·4H2O (6) have been successfully synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, TGA, spectroscopic methods (IR, CD and electronic absorption spectra) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction structural analysis (HL = (S)-2-((4-([2,2':6‧,2″-terpyridin]-4‧-yl)benzyl)amino)-4-methylpentanoic acid). In the acidic reaction conditions, one protonated (H2L)+ and one zwitterionic HL only used their terpyridyl groups to chelate one metal ion Co(II) or Ni(II), forming chiral mononuclear cationic complexes 1 or 2. But in the basic and hydro(solvo)thermal reaction conditions, deprotonated ligands (L)‒ acting as bridges used their terpyridyl and amino acid groups to link with two Co(II) or Ni(II) ions, fabricating chiral dinuclear metallocyclic complexes 3-6. Those chiral mononuclear and dinuclear complexes whose chirality originates in the homochiral ligand HL further self-assemble into higher-dimensional homochiral supramolecular frameworks through intermolecular hydrogen-bonding and π···π interactions. Notably, the coordination mode, hydrogen-bonding site, and existence form of HL ligand can be controlled by the protonation of its amino group, and the architectural diversity of those supramolecular frameworks is adjusted by pH and counter anions. Very interestingly, the 3D porous supramolecular frameworks built up from the huge chiral mononuclear cationic complexes 1 and 2 have novel helical layers only formed through every right-handed helical chain intertwining with two adjacent same helical chains, and the 2D supramolecular helicate 5 consists of two types of left-handed helical chains.

  16. Synthesis, spectroscopic, thermal and anticancer studies of metal-antibiotic chelations: Ca(II), Fe(III), Pd(II) and Au(III) chloramphenicol complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Khodir, Fatima A. I.; Refat, Moamen S.

    2016-09-01

    Four Ca(II), Fe(III), Pd(II) and Au(III) complexes of chloramphenicol drug have been synthesized and well characterized using elemental analyses, (infrared, electronic, and 1H-NMR) spectra, magnetic susceptibility measurement, and thermal analyses. Infrared spectral data show that the chloramphenicol drug coordinated to Ca(II), Pd(II) and Au(III) metal ions through two hydroxyl groups with 1:1 or 1:2 M ratios, but Fe(III) ions chelated towards chloramphenicol drug via the oxygen and nitrogen atoms of amide group with 1:2 ratio based on presence of keto↔enol form. The X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques were used to identify the nano-size particles of both iron(III) and gold(III) chloramphenicol complexes. The antimicrobial assessments of the chloramphenicol complexes were scanned and collected the results against of some kind of bacteria and fungi. The cytotoxic activity of the gold(III) complex was tested against the human colon carcinoma (HCT-116) and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG-2) tumor cell lines.

  17. Co(II) and Cd(II) Complexes Derived from Heterocyclic Schiff-Bases: Synthesis, Structural Characterisation, and Biological Activity

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Riyadh M.; Yousif, Enaam I.; Al-Jeboori, Mohamad J.

    2013-01-01

    New monomeric cobalt and cadmium complexes with Schiff-bases, namely, N′-[(E)-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]furan-2-carbohydrazide (L1) and N′-[(E)-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]thiophene-2-carbohydrazide (L2) are reported. Schiff-base ligands L1 and L2 were derived from condensation of 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (iso-vanillin) with furan-2-carboxylic acid hydrazide and thiophene-2-carboxylic acid hydrazide, respectively. Complexes of the general formula [M(L)2]Cl2 (where M = Co(II) or Cd(II), L = L1 or L2) have been obtained from the reaction of the corresponding metal chloride with the ligands. The ligands and their metal complexes were characterised by spectroscopic methods (FTIR, UV-Vis, 1H, and 13C NMR spectra), elemental analysis, metal content, magnetic measurement, and conductance. These studies revealed the formation of four-coordinate complexes in which the geometry about metal ion is tetrahedral. Biological activity of the ligands and their metal complexes against gram positive bacterial strain Bacillus (G+) and gram negative bacteria Pseudomonas (G−) revealed that the metal complexes become less resistive to the microbial activities as compared to the free ligands. PMID:24027449

  18. Synthesis, characterization, spectroscopic and theoretical studies of new zinc(II), copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes based on imine ligand containing 2-aminothiophenol moiety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shafaatian, Bita; Mousavi, S. Sedighe; Afshari, Sadegh

    2016-11-01

    New dimer complexes of zinc(II), copper(II) and nickel(II) were synthesized using the Schiff base ligand which was formed by the condensation of 2-aminothiophenol and 2-hydroxy-5-methyl benzaldehyde. This tridentate Schiff base ligand was coordinated to the metal ions through the NSO donor atoms. In order to prevent the oxidation of the thiole group during the formation of Schiff base and its complexes, all of the reactions were carried out under an inert atmosphere of argon. The X-ray structure of the Schiff base ligand showed that in the crystalline form the SH groups were oxidized to produce a disulfide Schiff base as a new double Schiff base ligand. The molar conductivity values of the complexes in dichloromethane implied the presence of non-electrolyte species. The fluorescence properties of the Schiff base ligand and its complexes were also studied in dichloromethane. The products were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis spectroscopies, elemental analysis, and conductometry. The crystal structure of the double Schiff base was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Furthermore, the density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory for the determination of the optimized structures of Schiff base complexes.

  19. Synthesis, characterization, photoluminescence, and electrochemical studies of novel mononuclear Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with the 1-benzylimidazolium ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bibi, Sherino; Mohammad, Sharifah; Manan, Ninie Suhana Abdul; Ahmad, Jimmy; Kamboh, Muhammad Afzal; Khor, Sook Mei; Yamin, Bohari M.; Abdul Halim, Siti Nadiah

    2017-08-01

    Two new mononuclear coordination complexes [Cu(bim)4Cl2]ṡ2H2O (1) and [Zn(bim)2Cl2] (2) containing the 1-benzylimidazole (bim) ligand were successfully synthesized. Both complexes were characterized by IR, UV-vis, and fluorescence spectroscopies, single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction measurements, and thermogravimetric analysis. Self-assembly during the recrystallization process resulted in the formation of octahedral and tetrahedral Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes, respectively. The single crystals obtained are representative of the bulk material, as shown by the powder X-ray diffraction patterns. Cyclic voltammetry measurements showed that complex 1 undergoes a quasi-reversible redox reaction, while complex 2 undergoes reduction alone, and no oxidation peak was observed; this is due to the stability of the reduced form of complex 2.

  20. Architecture of the Yeast RNA Polymerase II Open Complex and Regulation of Activity by TFIIF

    PubMed Central

    Fishburn, James

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the function and architecture of the open complex state of RNA polymerase II (Pol II), Saccharomyces cerevisiae minimal open complexes were assembled by using a series of heteroduplex HIS4 promoters, TATA binding protein (TBP), TFIIB, and Pol II. The yeast system demonstrates great flexibility in the position of active open complexes, spanning 30 to 80 bp downstream from TATA, consistent with the transcription start site scanning behavior of yeast Pol II. TFIIF unexpectedly modulates the activity of the open complexes, either repressing or stimulating initiation. The response to TFIIF was dependent on the sequence of the template strand within the single-stranded bubble. Mutations in the TFIIB reader and linker region, which were inactive on duplex DNA, were suppressed by the heteroduplex templates, showing that a major function of the TFIIB reader and linker is in the initiation or stabilization of single-stranded DNA. Probing of the architecture of the minimal open complexes with TFIIB-FeBABE [TFIIB–p-bromoacetamidobenzyl–EDTA-iron(III)] derivatives showed that the TFIIB core domain is surprisingly positioned away from Pol II, and the addition of TFIIF repositions the TFIIB core domain to the Pol II wall domain. Together, our results show an unexpected architecture of minimal open complexes and the regulation of activity by TFIIF and the TFIIB core domain. PMID:22025674

  1. Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Production by a Nickel(II) Complex with a Phosphinopyridyl Ligand.

    PubMed

    Tatematsu, Ryo; Inomata, Tomohiko; Ozawa, Tomohiro; Masuda, Hideki

    2016-04-18

    A novel nickel(II) complex [Ni(L)2 Cl]Cl with a bidentate phosphinopyridyl ligand 6-((diphenylphosphino)methyl)pyridin-2-amine (L) was synthesized as a metal-complex catalyst for hydrogen production from protons. The ligand can stabilize a low Ni oxidation state and has an amine base as a proton transfer site. The X-ray structure analysis revealed a distorted square-pyramidal Ni(II)  complex with two bidentate L ligands in a trans arrangement in the equatorial plane and a chloride anion at the apex. Electrochemical measurements with the Ni(II) complex in MeCN indicate a higher rate of hydrogen production under weak acid conditions using acetic acid as the proton source. The catalytic current increases with the stepwise addition of protons, and the turnover frequency is 8400 s(-1) in 0.1 m [NBu4 ][ClO4 ]/MeCN in the presence of acetic acid (290 equiv) at an overpotential of circa 590 mV. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical studies of heterometallic manganese(IV)-zinc(II) and manganese(IV)-copper(II) complexes derived from bis(2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde)oxaloyldihydrazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koch, Angira; Phukan, Arnab; Chanu, Oinam B.; Kumar, A.; Lal, R. A.

    2014-02-01

    Five manganese(IV) complexes [Mn(L)(bpy)] (1) and heterobimetallic complexes [MMn(L)Cl2(H2O)4]·1.5H2O (M = ZnII(2), CuII(3)) and [MnM(L)(bpy)Cl2] (M = ZnII(4), CuII(5)] have been synthesized from bis(2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde)oxaloyldihydrazone (H4L) in methanol medium. The composition of the complexes have been established based on the data obtained from analytical, thermoanalytical and mass spectral studies. The structures of the complexes have been discussed in the light of molar conductance, magnetic moment, electronic, EPR, IR, FT-IR spectroscopic studies and transmission electron microscopies. The molar conductance values of these complexes in DMSO suggest their non-electrolytic nature. The μeff value for the complexes (1), (2) and (4) fall in the range 3.82-4.12 BM characteristic of the presence of the manganese(IV) in them. The complex (3) has μeff value of 3.70 BM at RT indicating considerable antiferromagnetic interaction between Mn(IV) and Cu(II). The μeff value of 4.72 BM for complex (5) is slightly lower than 4.90 BM for S = 2 ground state. In the complex (1) to (3), the ligand is coordinated to the metal centres as tetradentate ligand while in the complexes (4) and (5) as hexadentate ligand. Manganese(IV) has distorted octahedral stereochemistry in all complexes. Copper(II) has distorted octahedral and square planar stereochemistry in complexes (3) and (5) while zinc has distorted octahedral and tetrahedral stereochemistry, respectively. EPR studies of the complexes are also reported. The electron transfer reactions of the complexes have also been investigated by cyclic voltammetry.

  3. Mercury(II) Complex Formation With Glutathione in Alkaline Aqueous Solution

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Mah, V.; Jalilehvand, F.

    2009-05-19

    The structure and speciation of the complexes formed between mercury(II) ions and glutathione (GSH = L-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine) have been studied for a series of alkaline aqueous solutions (C{sub Hg{sup 2+}} {approx} 18 mmol dm{sup -3} and C{sub GSH} = 40-200 mmol dm{sup -3} at pH {approx} 10.5) by means of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and {sup 199}Hg NMR spectroscopy at ambient temperature. The dominant complexes are [Hg(GS){sub 2}]{sup 4-} and [Hg(GS){sub 3}]{sup 7-}, with mean Hg-S bond distances of 2.32(1) and 2.42(2) {angstrom} observed in digonal and trigonal Hg-S coordination, respectively. The proportions of the Hg{sup 2+}-glutathione complexes weremore » evaluated by fitting linear combinations of model EXAFS oscillations representing each species to the experimental EXAFS spectra. The [Hg(GS){sub 4}]{sup 10-} complex, with four sulfur atoms coordinated at a mean Hg-S bond distance of 2.52(2) {angstrom}, is present in minor amounts (<30%) in solutions containing a large excess of glutathione (C{sub GSH} {ge} 160 mmol dm{sup -3}). Comparable alkaline mercury(II) cysteine (H{sub 2}Cys) solutions were also investigated and a reduced tendency to form higher complexes was observed, because the deprotonated amino group of Cys{sup 2-} allows the stable [Hg(S,N-Cys){sub 2}]{sup 2-} chelate to form. The effect of temperature on the distribution of the Hg{sup 2+}-glutathione complexes was studied by comparing the EXAFS spectra at ambient temperature and at 25 K of a series of glycerol/water (33/67, v/v) frozen glasses with and C{sub Hg{sup 2+}} {approx} 7 mmol dm{sup -3} and C{sub GSH} = 16-81 mmol dm{sup -3}. Complexes with high Hg-S coordination numbers, [Hg(GS){sub 3}]{sup 7-} and [Hg(GS){sub 4}]{sup 10-}, became strongly favored when just a moderate excess of glutathione (C{sub GSH} {ge} 28 mmol dm{sup -3}) was used in the glassy samples, as expected for a stepwise exothermic bond formation. Addition of glycerol had no effect on the Hg(II

  4. Oxidative demetalation of cyclohexadienyl ruthenium(II) complexes: a net Ru-mediated dearomatization.

    PubMed

    Pigge, F Christopher; Coniglio, John J; Rath, Nigam P

    2003-05-29

    [reaction: see text] An experimentally simple method for the demetalation of spirocyclic cyclohexadienylruthenium(II) complexes has been developed. Treatment of an alkoxy-substituted cyclohexadienyl complex with CuCl(2) affords either azaspiro[4.5]decane derivatives or heavily functionalized tetrahydroisoquinolines. The former reaction manifold completes a net Ru-mediated dearomatization as the organometallic starting materials are prepared from (eta(6)-arene)Ru(II) precursors. Both of these heterocyclic products are well suited for further synthetic elaboration.

  5. Synthesis, spectroscopic, anticancer, antibacterial and antifungal studies of Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with hydrazine carboxamide, 2-[3-methyl-2-thienyl methylene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Vandana; Kumar, Suresh

    2015-01-01

    Schiff's base ligand(L) hydrazine carboxamide, 2-[3-methyl-2-thienyl methylene] and its metal complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, various spectroscopic techniques such as electronic, IR, 1H NMR, mass, EPR. Molar conductance of complexes in DMF solution corresponds to non-electrolyte. Complexes have general composition [M(L)2X2], where M = Ni(II) and Cu(II), X = Cl-, NO3-, CH3COO- and ½SO42-. On the basis of above spectral studies, an octahedral geometry has been assigned for Ni(II) complexes and tetragonal geometry for Cu(II) complexes except [Cu(L)2SO4] which possesses five coordinated trigonal bipyramidal geometry. These metal complexes were also tested for their anticancer, antibacterial and antifungal activities to assess their inhibition potential. Anticancer activity of ligand and its metal complexes were evaluated using SRB fluorometric assay and Adriamycin (ADR) was applied as positive control. Schiff's base ligand and its metal complexes were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, respectively. Kirby-Bauer single disk susceptibility test was used for antibacterial activity and well diffusion method for antifungal activity of the compounds on the used fungi.

  6. Insight into the Structure of Light Harvesting Complex II and its Stabilization in Detergent Solution

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Cardoso, Mateus B; Smolensky, Dmitriy; Heller, William T

    2009-01-01

    The structure of spinach light-harvesting complex II (LHC II), stabilized in a solution of the detergent n-octyl-{beta}-d-glucoside (BOG), was investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). Physicochemical characterization of the isolated complex indicated that it was pure (>95%) and also in its native trimeric state. SANS with contrast variation was used to investigate the properties of the protein-detergent complex at three different H{sub 2}O/D{sub 2}O contrast match points, enabling the scattering properties of the protein and detergent to be investigated independently. The topological shape of LHC II, determined using ab initio shape restoration methods from the SANS data at the contrastmore » match point of BOG, was consistent with the X-ray crystallographic structure of LHC II (Liu et al. Nature 2004 428, 287-292). The interactions of the protein and detergent were investigated at the contrast match point for the protein and also in 100% D{sub 2}O. The data suggested that BOG micelle structure was altered by its interaction with LHC II, but large aggregate structures were not formed. Indirect Fourier transform analysis of the LHC II/BOG scattering curves showed that the increase in the maximum dimension of the protein-detergent complex was consistent with the presence of a monolayer of detergent surrounding the protein. A model of the LHC II/BOG complex was generated to interpret the measurements made in 100% D{sub 2}O. This model adequately reproduced the overall size of the LHC II/BOG complex, but demonstrated that the detergent does not have a highly regular shape that surrounds the hydrophobic periphery of LHC II. In addition to demonstrating that natively structured LHC II can be produced for functional characterization and for use in artificial solar energy applications, the analysis and modeling approaches described here can be used for characterizing detergent-associated {alpha}-helical transmembrane proteins.« less

  7. Halide/pseudohalide complexes of cadmium(II) with benzimidazole: Synthesis, crystal structures and fluorescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Hai-Yan; Yang, Fu-Li; Li, Na; Wang, Xiao-Jing

    2017-11-01

    Two new dinuclear Cd(II) complexes, [CdL1Cl2]2·H2O (1) and [CdL1(N3)2]2·CH3OH (2) and one dicyanamide bridged one-dimensional polynuclear network [CdL1(μ1,5-dca)dca]n (3) of the potentially tridentate NNN-donor Schiff base 2-((1H-benzimidazol-2-yl-ethylimino)-methyl)pyridine (L1) and another dinucler Cd(II) complex [CdL2Cl(dca)]2 (4) of a similar NNN-donor Schiff base ligand 2-((1H-benzimidazol-2-yl-propylimino)-methyl)pyridine (L2), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The ligands L1 and L2 are [1 + 1] condensation products of pyridine-2-carbaldehyde with 2-aminoethyl-1H-benzimidazole and 2-aminopropyl-1H-benzimidazole, respectively. In the complexes 1 and 4 the two Cd(II) centers are held together by the bridged chloride ligands, while in 2 the two Cd(II) centers are bridged by μ1,1-azide ions. Complex 3 has a one-dimensional infinite chain structure in which Cd(II) ions are bridged by single dicyanamide groups in end-to-end fashion. All the metal centers have a distorted octahedral geometry and H-bonding or π⋯π interactions are operative to bind the complex units in the solid state. Furthermore, these complexes have been investigated by thermogravimetric analyses and fluorescence spectra.

  8. Interaction with biomacromolecules and antiproliferative activities of Mn(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) complexes of demethylcantharate and 2,2'-bipyridine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Fan; Lin, Qiu-Yue; Hu, Wan-Li; Song, Wen-Ji; Shen, Shu-Ting; Gui, Pan

    2013-06-01

    Three new transition metal complexes [Mn2(DCA)2(bipy)2]·5H2O (1), [M2(DCA)2(bipy)2(H2O)]·10H2O(M = Ni(II)(2);Zn(II)(3)), (DCA = demethylcantharate, 7-oxabicyclo[2,2,1]heptane-2,3-dicarboxylate, C8H8O5) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, infrared spectra and X-ray diffraction techniques. Each metal ion was six-coordinated in complexes. Complex 1 has a Mn2O2 center. Complexes 2 and 3 have asymmetric binuclear structure. Great amount of intermolecular hydrogen-bonding and π-π* stacking interactions were formed in these complex structures. The DNA-binding properties of complexes were investigated by electronic absorption spectra and viscosity measurements. The DNA binding constants Kb/(L mol-1) were 1.71 × 104 (1), 2.62 × 104 (2) and 1.59 × 104 (3) at 298 K. The complexes could quench the intrinsic fluorescence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) strongly through static quenching. The protein binding constants Ka/(L mol-1) were 7.27 × 104 (1), 4.55 × 104 (2) and 7.87 × 104 L mol-1 (3) and binding site was one. The complexes bind more tightly with DNA and BSA than with ligands. Complexes 1 and 3 had stronger inhibition ratios than Na2(DCA) against human hepatoma cells (SMMC-7721) lines and human gastric cancer cells (MGC80-3) lines in vitro. Complex 3 showed the strongest antiproliferative activity against SMMC-7721 (IC50 = 29.46 ± 2.12 μmol L-1) and MGC80-3 (IC50 = 27.02 ± 2.38 μmol L-1), which shows potential in anti-cancer drug development.

  9. Perspectives of ruthenium(ii) polyazaaromatic photo-oxidizing complexes photoreactive towards tryptophan-containing peptides and derivatives.

    PubMed

    Estalayo-Adrián, S; Garnir, K; Moucheron, C

    2018-01-04

    Ru II polyazaaromatic complexes have been studied with the aim of developing molecular tools for DNA and oligonucleotides. In this context, Ru II -TAP (TAP = 1,4,5,8-tetraazaphenanthrene) complexes have been developed as specific photoreagents targeting the genetic material. The advantage of such compounds is due to the formation of photo-addition products between the Ru-TAP complex and the biomolecule, originating from a photo-induced electron transfer process that takes place between the excited Ru-TAP complex and guanine (G) bases of DNA. This photo-addition has been more recently extended to amino acids in view of applications involving peptides, such as inhibition or photocontrol of proteins. More particularly, tryptophan (Trp) and Trp-containing peptides are also able to be photo-oxidized by Ru II -TAP complexes, leading to the formation of photo-addition products. This mini review focuses on recent advances in the search for Ru II polyazaaromatic photo-oxidizing complexes of interest as molecular tools and photoreagents for Trp-containing peptides and proteins. Different possible future directions in this field are also discussed.

  10. On the positronium spin conversion reactions caused by some macrocyclic Co II complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fantola-Lazzarini, Anna L.; Lazzarini, Ennio

    2002-08-01

    The rate constants, kCR, of ortho- into para-positronium ( o-Ps→ p-Ps) spin conversion reactions, CR, caused by the high-spin [Co IIsep] 2+, [Co IIdinosar] 2+ and [Co IIdiamsar] 2+ macrocyclic complexes and also by high-spin [Co II sen] 2+ tripod complex were measured at several temperatures. The delocalizations, β, of Co II unpaired electrons, promoted by the mentioned ligands, were determined by using the previously established correlations between kCR and the electron delocalization β of unpaired metal electrons. β is given by the ratio between the Racah inter-electronic repulsion parameters of complexes, B, and that of the free ions, B0. The β values are compared with those of the Co II complexes with en (1,2-ethanediamine), pn (1,2 propanediamine) and dien (2,2' diamino diethylamine) ligands. The kCR rate constants are also compared with those of the Ps oxidation reactions, OR, promoted by the corresponding Co III complexes. It is concluded that, unlike OR's, the CR's do not occur by formation of hepta-coordinate adducts with Ps atoms.

  11. Spectroscopic and electrochemical characterization of some Schiff base metal complexes containing benzoin moiety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Shahawi, M. S.; Al-Jahdali, M. S.; Bashammakh, A. S.; Al-Sibaai, A. A.; Nassef, H. M.

    2013-09-01

    The ligation behavior of bis-benzoin ethylenediamine (B2ED) and benzoin thiosemicarbazone (BTS) Schiff bases towards Ru3+, Rh3+, Pd2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+ were determined. The bond length of M-N and spectrochemical parameters (10Dq, β, B and LFSE) of the complexes were evaluated. The redox characteristics of selected complexes were explored by cyclic voltammetry (CV) at Pt working electrode in non aqueous solvents. Au mesh (100 w/in.) optically transparent thin layer electrode (OTTLE) was also used for recording thin layer CV for selected Ru complex. Oxidation of some complexes occurs in a consecutive chemical reaction of an EC type mechanism. The characteristics of electron transfer process of the couples M2+/M3+ and M3+/M4+ (M = Ru3+, Rh3+) and the stability of the complexes towards oxidation and/or reduction were assigned. The nature of the electroactive species and reduction mechanism of selected electrode couples were assigned.

  12. Pharmacologically significant complexes of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) of novel Schiff base ligand, (E)-N-(furan-2-yl methylene) quinolin-8-amine: Synthesis, spectral, XRD, SEM, antimicrobial, antioxidant and in vitro cytotoxic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shakir, M.; Hanif, Summaiya; Sherwani, Mohd. Asif; Mohammad, Owais; Al-Resayes, Saud I.

    2015-07-01

    A novel series of metal complexes of the types, [ML2(H2O)2]Cl2 and [ML2]Cl2 [M = Mn(II), 1; Co(II), 2; Ni(II), 3; Cu(II), 4; and Zn(II), 5] were synthesized by the interaction of ligand, L (E)-N-(furan-2-yl methylene) quinolin-8-amine, derived from the condensation of 2-furaldehyde and 8-aminoquinoline. The synthesized ligand and its metal complexes were characterized on the basis of results obtained from elemental analysis, ESI-MS, XRD, SEM, TGA/DTA, FT-IR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic studies. EPR parameters were recorded in case of complex 4. The comparative in-vitro antimicrobial activities against various pathogens with reference to known antibiotics and antioxidant activity against standard control at variable concentrations revealed that the metal complexes show enhanced antimicrobial and free radical scavenging activities in general as compared to free ligand. However, the complexes 1 and 5 have shown best antioxidant activity among all the metal complexes. Furthermore, comparative in-vitro antiproliferative activity on ligand and its metal chelates performed on MDA-MB-231 (breast carcinoma), KCL22 (blood lymphoid carcinoma), HeLa (cervical carcinoma) cell lines and normal cells (PBMC) revealed that metal chelates show moderate to good activity as compared to ligand where as complex 1 seems to be the most promising one possessing a broad spectrum of activity against all the selected cancer cell lines with IC50 < 2.10 μM.

  13. Synthesis and strong photooxidation power of a supramolecular hybrid comprising a polyoxometalate and Ru(II) polypyridyl complex with zinc(II).

    PubMed

    Ohashi, Kenji; Takeda, Hiroyuki; Koike, Kazuhide; Ishitani, Osamu

    2015-01-01

    A novel method for constructing supramolecular hybrids composed of polyoxometalates and photofunctional metal complexes was developed. A Ru(II) complex with phosphonate groups (RuP) strongly interacted with Zn(II) to afford a 2 : 1 trinuclear metal complex ([(RuP)2Zn](3+)). In dimethylsulfoxide, [(RuP)2Zn](3+) strongly interacted with a Keggin-type heteropolyoxometalate (Si-WPOM) to form a 1 : 1 hybrid ([(RuP)2Zn]-POM). Irradiation of [(RuP)2Zn]-POM in the presence of diethanolamine caused rapid accumulation of the one-electron reduced hybrid with a quantum yield of 0.99.

  14. 2-Deoxyglucose conjugated platinum (II) complexes for targeted therapy: design, synthesis, and antitumor activity.

    PubMed

    Mi, Qian; Ma, Yuru; Gao, Xiangqian; Liu, Ran; Liu, Pengxing; Mi, Yi; Fu, Xuegang; Gao, Qingzhi

    2016-11-01

    Malignant neoplasms exhibit an elevated rate of glycolysis over normal cells. To target the Warburg effect, we designed a new series of 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) conjugated platinum (II) complexes for glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1)-mediated anticancer drug delivery. The potential GLUT1 transportability of the complexes was investigated through a comparative molecular docking analysis utilizing the latest GLUT1 protein crystal structure. The key binding site for 2-DG as GLUT1's substrate was identified with molecular dynamics simulation, and the docking study demonstrated that the 2-DG conjugated platinum (II) complexes can be recognized by the same binding site as potential GLUT1 substrate. The conjugates were synthesized and evaluated for in vitro cytotoxicity study with seven human cancer cell lines. The results of this study revealed that 2-DG conjugated platinum (II) complexes are GLUT1 transportable substrates and exhibit improved cytotoxicities in cancer cell lines that over express GLUT1 when compared to the clinical drug, Oxaliplatin. The correlation between GLUT1 expression and antitumor effects are also confirmed. The study provides fundamental information supporting the potential of the 2-DG conjugated platinum (II) complexes as lead compounds for further pharmaceutical R&D.

  15. Antimicrobial effect of Cu(II) complexes containing oxime ligands.

    PubMed

    Donde, K J; Patil, V R; Malve, S P

    2004-01-01

    The antibacterial, antifungal and antitubercular activity of Cu(II) complexes was studied. All the complexes have been screened against Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Candida albican, Aspergillus niger, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and H37Rv and found to be more toxic than the parent ligand. The activity increased in the order Cu(5-methyl-2,3-hexanedione dioxime)2 < Cu(5-methyl-3-oximino-hexan-2-o-ne-hydrazone)2 < Cu(5-methyl-3-oximino-hexan-2-one-phenylhydrazone)2.

  16. Spectroscopic, structural, electrochemical and computational studies of some new 2-thienyl-containing β-diketonate complexes of cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahumada, Guillermo; Fuentealba, Mauricio; Roisnel, Thierry; Kahlal, Samia; Córdova, Ricardo; Carrillo, David; Saillard, Jean-Yves; Hamon, Jean-René; Manzur, Carolina

    2017-12-01

    In this work, we present the synthesis of the unsymmetrical β-diketone 1-(2-thienyl)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-propane-1,3-dione (HL) and its corresponding Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) bis(β-diketonato) complexes 1-3, respectively. The four new compounds were isolated in good yields (65-70%), and characterized by mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy and, in the case of HL, by 1H, 13C and 19F NMR spectroscopy. In addition, the molecular identities and the geometries of the β-diketone HL and complex 3 were confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis. The dicarbonyl derivative HL does exist as the diketo tautomeric form in DMSO solution and as its keto-enol tautomer in the solid-state with the sbnd OH group adjacent to the 4-fluorophenyl unit. The keto-enol isomer was computed to be more stable by 8.2 kcal/mol in free energy at room temperature. In 3, the Cu(II) center adopts a perfect square-planar geometry. Two reduction processes were observed in the cyclovoltammogram of 3 at -1.30 and -1.80 V vs. Fc/Fc+, with copper deposit on the surface of the electrode. DFT and TD-DFT calculations on HL and complex 3 allow rationalizing their stability, bonding and properties.

  17. Supramolecular interactions in biologically relevant compounds. 2-Pyrazineformamide thiosemicarbazones and some products of their cyclization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castiñeiras, Alfonso; García-Santos, Isabel; Nogueiras, Silvia; Rodríguez-González, Iria; Rodríguez-Riobó, Raúl

    2014-09-01

    Reaction of 2-cyanopyrazine with thiosemicarbazide or N-methylthiosemicarbazide afforded the (Z)-2-(amino(pyrazin-2-yl)methylene)hydrazinecarbothioamide (HPzAm4DH) and (Z)-2-(amino(pyrazin-2-yl)methylene)-N-methylhydrazine carbothioamide (HPzAm4M), respectively. (2Z,N‧E)-N‧-(4-Oxothiazolidin-2-ylidene)pyrazine-2-carbohydrazonamide (HPzAmot, 5) and (2Z,N‧E)-N‧-(3-methyl-4-oxothiazolidin-2-ylidene)pyrazine-2-carbohydrazonamide (MPzAmot, 7) have been synthesized from these thiosemicarbazones with chloroacetic or bromoacetic acids, using a conventional synthetic methodology and microwave-assisted organic reaction enhancement. The crystal structures of the thiosemicarbazones and their solvates [HPzAm4DHṡ1/2 MeOH (1), HPzAm4DHṡH2O (2), HPzAm4M (3), HPzAm4Mṡ2H2O (4)] and the 1,3-thiazolidin-4-ones (5 and 7) have been studied by X-ray diffractometry. All of the compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectrometry, FT-IR and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Several by-products have also been isolated in a crystalline form, namely 3-((Z,E)-N‧-(4-oxothiazolidin-2-ylidene)carbamohydrazonium-yl)pyrazin-1-ium dibromide monohydrate, (H3PzAmot)Br2ṡH2O (6), 2-((5-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)thio)acetic acid, (H2Pz124ttAc) (8), 2-amino-5-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-3-ium chloride monohydrate, (HPz134tda)ClṡH2O (9), and 2-(methylamino)-5-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-3-ium chloride N-methyl-5-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amine solvate, (HMPz134tda)Clṡ(MPz134tda) (10). The structures of these compounds were also analyzed by X-ray diffractometry. The microwave-assisted organic reaction method for synthesis is easy, convenient, and ecofriendly when compared to the traditional synthetic methods. Crystal analysis revealed that the compounds have extended 3D supramolecular networks through high levels of H-bonding and weak molecular interactions between the molecular moieties and solvent molecules. The novel synthons, which are

  18. Structure and spectroscopic investigations of a bi-dentate N‧-[(4-ethylphenyl)methylidene]-4-hydroxybenzohydrazide and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) complexes: Insights relevant to biological properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gopal Reddy, N. B.; Krishna, P. Murali; Shantha Kumar, S. S.; Patil, Yogesh P.; Nethaji, Munirathinam

    2017-06-01

    The present paper describes the synthesis of novel ligand, N‧-[(4-ethylphenyl)methylidene]-4-hydroxy benzohydrazide (HL) and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) complexes. The ligand (HL) crystallizes in orthorhombic lattice in P212121 space group with a = 7.9941 (7) Å, b = 11.6154 (10) Å, c = 15.2278 (13) Å, α = β = γ = 90°. Spectroscopic data gives the strong evidence that ligand is coordinated through azomethine nitrogen and enolic oxygen with metal ion. The DNA binding studies revealed that the complexes bind to CT-DNA via intercalation/electrostatic interaction. All the targeted compounds showed more pronounced DNA cleavage activity in the presence of H2O2 and also inhibit the growth of in vitro antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

  19. Spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H, 13C NMR, UV/VIS), thermogravimetric and antimicrobial studies of Ca(II), Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes of ferulic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalinowska, M.; Piekut, J.; Bruss, A.; Follet, C.; Sienkiewicz-Gromiuk, J.; Świsłocka, R.; Rzączyńska, Z.; Lewandowski, W.

    2014-03-01

    The molecular structure of Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Ca(II) ferulates (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamates) was studied. The selected metal ferulates were synthesized. Their composition was established by means of elementary and thermogravimetric analysis. The following spectroscopic methods were used: infrared (FT-IR), Raman (FT-Raman), nuclear magnetic resonance (13C, 1H NMR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV/VIS). On the basis of obtained results the electronic charge distribution in studied metal complexes in comparison with ferulic acid molecule was discussed. The microbiological study of ferulic acid and ferulates toward Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus vulgaris was done.

  20. New bioactive silver(I) complexes: Synthesis, characterization, anticancer, antibacterial and anticarbonic anhydrase II activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ozdemir, Ummuhan O.; Ozbek, Neslihan; Genc, Zuhal Karagoz; İlbiz, Firdevs; Gündüzalp, Ayla Balaban

    2017-06-01

    Silver(I) complexes of alkyl sulfonic acide hydrazides were newly synthesized as homologous series. Methanesulfonic acide hydrazide (L1), ethanesulfonic acide hydrazide (L2), propanesulfonic acide hydrazide (L3) and butanesulfonic acide hydrazide (L4) were used for complexation with Ag(I) ions. The silver complexes obtained in the mol ratio of 1:2 have the structural formula as Ag(L1)2NO3 (I), Ag(L2)2NO3 (II), Ag(L3)2NO3(III), (Ag(L4)2NO3 (IV). The Ag(I) complexes exhibit distorted linear two-fold coordination in [AgL2]+ cations with uncoordinated nitrates. Ligands are chelated with silver(I) ions through unsubstituted primary nitrogen in hydrazide group. Ag(I) complexes were characterized by using elemental analysis, spectroscopic methods (FT-IR, LC-MS), magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements. Silver(I) complexes were optimized using PBEPBE/LanL2DZ/DEF2SV basic set performed by DFT method with the Gaussian 09 program package. The geometrical parameters, frontier molecular orbitals (HOMOs and LUMOs) and molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) mapped surfaces of the optimized geometries were also determined by this quantum set. The anticancer activities of silver(I) complexes on MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line were investigated by comparing IC50 values. The antibacterial activities of complexes were studied against Gram positive bacteria; S. aureus ATCC 6538, B. subtilis ATCC 6633, B. cereus NRRL-B-3711, E. faecalis ATCC 29212 and Gram negative bacteria; E. coli ATCC 11230, P. aeruginosa ATCC 15442, K. pneumonia ATCC 70063 by using disc diffusion method. The inhibition activities of Ag(I) complexes on carbonic anhydrase II enzyme (hCA II) were also investigated by comparing IC50 and Ki values. The biological activity screening shows that Ag(I) complex of butanesulfonicacidehydrazide (IV) has the highest activity against tested breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, Gram positive/Gram negative bacteria and carbonic anhydrase II (hCA II) isoenzyme.

  1. Mononuclear thiocyanate containing nickel(II) and binuclear azido bridged nickel(II) complexes of N4-coordinate pyrazole based ligand: Syntheses, structures and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solanki, Ankita; Monfort, Montserrat; Kumar, Sujit Baran

    2013-10-01

    Two mononuclear nickel(II) complexes [NiL1(NCS)2] (1) and [NiL2(NCS)2] (2) and two azido bridged binuclear nickel(II) complexes [Ni(()2()2] (3) and [Ni(()2()2] (4), where L1, L2, L1‧ and L2‧ are N,N-diethyl-N‧,N‧-bis((3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine (L1), N,N-bis((1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)-N‧,N‧-diethylethane-1,2-diamine (L2), N,N-diethyl-N‧-((3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine (L1‧) and N-((1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)-N‧,N‧-diethylethane-1,2-diamine (L2‧) have been synthesized and characterized by microanalyses and physico-chemical methods. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that complexes 1 and 2 are mononuclear NCS- containing Ni(II) complex with octahedral geometry and complexes 3 and 4 are end-on (μ-1,1) azido bridged binuclear Ni(II) complexes with distorted octahedral geometry. Variable temperature magnetic studies of the complexes 3 and 4 display ferromagnetic interaction with J values 19 and 32 cm-1, respectively.

  2. A photofunctional bottom-up bis(dipyrrinato)zinc(II) complex nanosheet

    PubMed Central

    Sakamoto, Ryota; Hoshiko, Ken; Liu, Qian; Yagi, Toshiki; Nagayama, Tatsuhiro; Kusaka, Shinpei; Tsuchiya, Mizuho; Kitagawa, Yasutaka; Wong, Wai-Yeung; Nishihara, Hiroshi

    2015-01-01

    Two-dimensional polymeric nanosheets have recently gained much attention, particularly top-down nanosheets such as graphene and metal chalcogenides originating from bulk-layered mother materials. Although molecule-based bottom-up nanosheets manufactured directly from molecular components can exhibit greater structural diversity than top-down nanosheets, the bottom-up nanosheets reported thus far lack useful functionalities. Here we show the design and synthesis of a bottom-up nanosheet featuring a photoactive bis(dipyrrinato)zinc(II) complex motif. A liquid/liquid interfacial synthesis between a three-way dipyrrin ligand and zinc(II) ions results in a multi-layer nanosheet, whereas an air/liquid interfacial reaction produces a single-layer or few-layer nanosheet with domain sizes of >10 μm on one side. The bis(dipyrrinato)zinc(II) metal complex nanosheet is easy to deposit on various substrates using the Langmuir–Schäfer process. The nanosheet deposited on a transparent SnO2 electrode functions as a photoanode in a photoelectric conversion system, and is thus the first photofunctional bottom-up nanosheet. PMID:25831973

  3. Synthesis, characterization of Ag(I), Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes of a triazine-3-thione and their interactions with bovine serum albumin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiuying; Li, Shuyan; Yang, Lin; Fan, Changqing

    2007-11-01

    Ag(I), Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes of 5-methoxy-5,6-diphenyl-4,5-dihydro-2H-[1,2,4]triazine-3-thione (LH 2OCH 3) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, 1H NMR, IR spectra, UV spectra and thermal analysis (TG-DTA). The components of the three complexes are [Ag(C 15H 10N 3S)] 6, Pd(C 15H 10N 3S) 2 and Pt(C 15H 10N 3S) 2·C 3H 6O·2H 2O, respectively. All the complexes are nonelectrolyte and have high thermodynamic stability. The ligand may act as bidentate NS donor for Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes, while it seems to be bidentate NS bridging via sulphur atom for Ag(I) complex. A planar quadrangular structure is proposed for Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes and Ag(I) complex may be a hexanuclear cluster. Their interactions with bovine serum albumin (BSA) are investigated using steady state fluorescence technology. It is observed that all of them can quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA through static quenching procedure. The binding constants ( KA) at different temperatures, thermodynamic parameters enthalpy changes (Δ H) and entropy changes (Δ S) between BSA and the compounds are calculated. Based on the values of Δ H and Δ S, it is judged that the main acting force of PtL 2·C 3H 6O·2H 2O with BSA may be electrostatic interaction, and for the LH 2OCH 3, Ag 6L 6 and PdL 2, hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions may be involved in their binding processes.

  4. Nanomolar pyrophosphate detection and nucleus staining in living cells with simple terpyridine-Zn(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Chao, Duobin; Ni, Shitan

    2016-05-20

    Great efforts have been made to develop fluorescent probes for pyrophosphate (PPi) detection. Nucleus staining with fluorescence microscopy has been also widely investigated. But fluorescent probes for PPi detection with high sensitivity in water medium and nucleus staining with low-cost non-precious metal complexes in living cells are still challenging. Herein, we report simple terpyridine-Zn(II) complexes for selective nanomolar PPi detection over ATP and ADP in water based on aggregation induced emission (AIE) and intramolecular charge transfer (ICT). In addition, these terpyridine-Zn(II) complexes were successfully employed for nucleus staining in living cells. These results demonstrated simply obtained terpyridine-Zn(II) complexes are powerful tool for PPi detection and the development of PPi-related studies.

  5. An in vitro study of interactions between insulin-mimetic zinc(II) complexes and selected plasma components.

    PubMed

    Enyedy, Eva Anna; Horváth, László; Gajda-Schrantz, Krisztina; Galbács, Gábor; Kiss, Tamás

    2006-12-01

    The speciations of some potent insulin-mimetic zinc(II) complexes of bidentate ligands: maltol and 1,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxypyridinone with (O,O) and picolinic acid with (N,O) coordination modes, were studied via solution equilibrium investigations of the ternary complex formation in the presence of small relevant bioligands of the blood serum such as cysteine, histidine and citric acid. Results show that formation of the ternary complexes, especially with cysteine, is favoured at physiological pH range in almost all systems studied. Besides these low molecular mass binders, serum proteins among others albumin and transferrin can bind zinc(II) or its complexes. Accordingly, the distribution of zinc(II) between the small and high molecular mass fractions of the serum was also studied by ultrafiltration. Modelling calculations relating to the distribution of zinc(II), using the stability constants of the ternary complexes studied and those of the serum proteins reported in the literature, confirmed the ultrafiltration results, namely, the primary role of albumin in zinc(II) binding among the low and high molecular mass components of the serum.

  6. A high quantum yield molecule-protein complex fluorophore for near-infrared II imaging

    PubMed Central

    Antaris, Alexander L.; Chen, Hao; Diao, Shuo; Ma, Zhuoran; Zhang, Zhe; Zhu, Shoujun; Wang, Joy; Lozano, Alexander X.; Fan, Quli; Chew, Leila; Zhu, Mark; Cheng, Kai; Hong, Xuechuan; Dai, Hongjie; Cheng, Zhen

    2017-01-01

    Fluorescence imaging in the second near-infrared window (NIR-II) allows visualization of deep anatomical features with an unprecedented degree of clarity. NIR-II fluorophores draw from a broad spectrum of materials spanning semiconducting nanomaterials to organic molecular dyes, yet unfortunately all water-soluble organic molecules with >1,000 nm emission suffer from low quantum yields that have limited temporal resolution and penetration depth. Here, we report tailoring the supramolecular assemblies of protein complexes with a sulfonated NIR-II organic dye (CH-4T) to produce a brilliant 110-fold increase in fluorescence, resulting in the highest quantum yield molecular fluorophore thus far. The bright molecular complex allowed for the fastest video-rate imaging in the second NIR window with ∼50-fold reduced exposure times at a fast 50 frames-per-second (FPS) capable of resolving mouse cardiac cycles. In addition, we demonstrate that the NIR-II molecular complexes are superior to clinically approved ICG for lymph node imaging deep within the mouse body. PMID:28524850

  7. A high quantum yield molecule-protein complex fluorophore for near-infrared II imaging

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Antaris, Alexander L.; Chen, Hao; Diao, Shuo

    Fluorescence imaging in the second near-infrared window (NIR-II) allows visualization of deep anatomical features with an unprecedented degree of clarity. NIR-II fluorophores draw from a broad spectrum of materials spanning semiconducting nanomaterials to organic molecular dyes, yet unfortunately all water-soluble organic molecules with 41,000 nm emission suffer from low quantum yields that have limited temporal resolution and penetration depth. We report tailoring the supramolecular assemblies of protein complexes with a sulfonated NIR-II organic dye (CH-4T) to produce a brilliant 110-fold increase in fluorescence, resulting in the highest quantum yield molecular fluorophore thus far. The bright molecular complex allowed for themore » fastest video-rate imaging in the second NIR window with B50-fold reduced exposure times at a fast 50 frames-per-second (FPS) capable of resolving mouse cardiac cycles. Additionally, we demonstrate that the NIR-II molecular complexes are superior to clinically approved ICG for lymph node imaging deep within the mouse body.« less

  8. A high quantum yield molecule-protein complex fluorophore for near-infrared II imaging

    DOE PAGES

    Antaris, Alexander L.; Chen, Hao; Diao, Shuo; ...

    2017-05-19

    Fluorescence imaging in the second near-infrared window (NIR-II) allows visualization of deep anatomical features with an unprecedented degree of clarity. NIR-II fluorophores draw from a broad spectrum of materials spanning semiconducting nanomaterials to organic molecular dyes, yet unfortunately all water-soluble organic molecules with 41,000 nm emission suffer from low quantum yields that have limited temporal resolution and penetration depth. We report tailoring the supramolecular assemblies of protein complexes with a sulfonated NIR-II organic dye (CH-4T) to produce a brilliant 110-fold increase in fluorescence, resulting in the highest quantum yield molecular fluorophore thus far. The bright molecular complex allowed for themore » fastest video-rate imaging in the second NIR window with B50-fold reduced exposure times at a fast 50 frames-per-second (FPS) capable of resolving mouse cardiac cycles. Additionally, we demonstrate that the NIR-II molecular complexes are superior to clinically approved ICG for lymph node imaging deep within the mouse body.« less

  9. Homo- and Heterobimetallic Ruthenium(II) and Osmium(II) Complexes Based on a Pyrene-Biimidazolate Spacer as Efficient DNA-Binding Probes in the Near-Infrared Domain.

    PubMed

    Mardanya, Sourav; Karmakar, Srikanta; Mondal, Debiprasad; Baitalik, Sujoy

    2016-04-04

    We report in this work a new family of homo- and heterobimetallic complexes of the type [(bpy)2M(Py-Biimz)M'(II)(bpy)2](2+) (M = M' = Ru(II) or Os(II); M = Ru(II) and M' = Os(II)) derived from a pyrenyl-biimidazole-based bridge, 2-imidazolylpyreno[4,5-d]imidazole (Py-BiimzH2). The homobimetallic Ru(II) and Os(II) complexes were found to crystallize in monoclinic form with space group P21/n. All the complexes exhibit strong absorptions throughout the entire UV-vis region and also exhibit luminescence at room temperature. For osmium-containing complexes (2 and 3) both the absorption and emission band stretched up to the NIR region and thus afford more biofriendly conditions for probable applications in infrared imaging and phototherapeutic studies. Detailed luminescence studies indicate that the emission originates from the respective (3)MLCT excited state mainly centered in the [M(bpy)2](2+) moiety of the complexes and is only slightly affected by the pyrene moiety. The bimetallic complexes show two successive one-electron reversible metal-centered oxidations in the positive potential window and several reduction processes in the negative potential window. An efficient intramolecular electronic energy transfer is found to occur from the Ru center to the Os-based component in the heterometallic dyad. The binding studies of the complexes with DNA were thoroughly studied through different spectroscopic techniques such as UV-vis absorption, steady-state and time-resolved emission, circular dichroism, and relative DNA binding study using ethidium bromide. The intercalative mode of binding was suggested to be operative in all cases. Finally, computational studies employing DFT and TD-DFT were also carried out to interpret the experimentally observed absorption and emission bands of the complexes.

  10. DNA binding and biological studies of some novel water-soluble polymer-copper(II)-phenanthroline complexes.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Rajendran Senthil; Arunachalam, Sankaralingam; Periasamy, Vaiyapuri Subbarayan; Preethy, Christo Paul; Riyasdeen, Anvarbatcha; Akbarsha, Mohammad Abdulkader

    2008-10-01

    Some novel water-soluble polymer-copper(II)-phenanthroline complex samples, [Cu(phen)2(BPEI)]Cl(2).4H2O (phen=1,10-phenanthroline, BPEI=branched polyethyleneimine), with different degrees of copper complex content in the polymer chain have been prepared by ligand substitution method in water-ethanol medium and characterized by infrared, UV-visible, EPR spectral and elemental analysis methods. The binding of these complex samples with DNA has been investigated by electronic absorption spectroscopy, emission spectroscopy and gel retardation assay. Electrostatic interactions between DNA molecule and polymer-copper(II) complex molecule containing many high positive charges have been observed. Besides these ionic interactions, van der Waals interactions, hydrogen bonding and other partial intercalation binding modes may also exist in this system. The polymer-copper(II) complex with higher degree of copper complex content was screened for its antimicrobial activity and antitumor activity.

  11. Cytotoxicity of copper(II)-complexes with some S-alkyl derivatives of thiosalicylic acid. Crystal structure of the binuclear copper(II)-complex with S-ethyl derivative of thiosalicylic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nikolić, Miloš V.; Mijajlović, Marina Ž.; Jevtić, Verica V.; Ratković, Zoran R.; Novaković, Slađana B.; Bogdanović, Goran A.; Milovanović, Jelena; Arsenijević, Aleksandar; Stojanović, Bojana; Trifunović, Srećko R.; Radić, Gordana P.

    2016-07-01

    The spectroscopically predicted structure of the obtained copper(II)-complex with S-ethyl derivative of thiosalicylic acid was confirmed by X-ray structural study and compared to previously reported crystal structure of the Cu complex with S-methyl derivative. Single crystals suitable for X-ray measurements were obtained by slow crystallization from a water solution. Cytotoxic effects of S-alkyl (R = benzyl (L1), methyl (L2), ethyl (L3), propyl (L4) and butyl (L5)) derivatives of thiosalicylic acid and the corresponding binuclear copper(II)-complexes on murine colon carcinoma cell lines, CT26 and CT26.CL25 and human colon carcinoma cell line HCT-116 were reported here. The analysis of cancer cell viability showed that all the tested complexes had low cytotoxic effect on murine colon carcinoma cell lines, but several times higher cytotoxicity on normal human colon carcinoma cells.

  12. Structural characterization of 1,8-naphthalimides and in vitro microbiological activity of their Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grabchev, Ivo; Yordanova, Stanislava; Bosch, Paula; Vasileva-Tonkova, Evgenia; Kukeva, Rositsa; Stoyanov, Stanimir; Stoyanova, Radostina

    2017-02-01

    Two new 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives (NI1 and NI2) have been synthesized and characterized. The photophysical properties of the new compounds have been investigated in organic solvents of different polarity. It has been shown that both compounds are solvent depended. Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of NI2 were obtained and characterized by IR-NMR, fluorescence and EPR spectroscopy. The influence of different metal cations on the fluorescence intensity has been investigated in acetonitrile solution. Antimicrobial composite PLA-metal complexes materials have been obtained for the first time. Microbiological activity of both metal complexes has been investigated in vitro against different Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and two yeasts. The various antimicrobial activities and the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of both complexes have been determined. The microbiological activity of composite materials PLA-metal complexes in thin polymeric film has also been investigated. The results suggest that the new metal complexes could find application in designing new antimicrobial preparations to control the spread of infections.

  13. Cyclometalated ruthenium(II) complexes with a bis-carbene CCC-pincer ligand.

    PubMed

    Zhang, You-Ming; Shao, Jiang-Yang; Yao, Chang-Jiang; Zhong, Yu-Wu

    2012-08-21

    The first series of cyclometalated ruthenium complexes with a CCC-pincer bis-carbene ligand have been obtained as bench-stable compounds. Single-crystal X-ray analysis of one of these complexes with 4'-di-p-anisylamino-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine is presented. The Ru(II/III) redox potentials and MLCT absorptions of these complexes can be varied by attaching an electron-donating or -withdrawing group on the noncyclometalating ligand.

  14. Tuning of the ionization potential of paddlewheel diruthenium(II, II) complexes with fluorine atoms on the benzoate ligands.

    PubMed

    Miyasaka, Hitoshi; Motokawa, Natsuko; Atsuumi, Ryo; Kamo, Hiromichi; Asai, Yuichiro; Yamashita, Masahiro

    2011-01-21

    A series of paddlewheel diruthenium(ii, ii) complexes with various fluorine-substituted benzoate ligands were isolated as THF adducts and structurally characterized: [Ru(2)(F(x)PhCO(2))(4)(THF)(2)] (F(x)PhCO(2)(-) = o-fluorobenzoate, o-F; m-fluorobenzoate, m-F; p-fluorobenzoate, p-F; 2,6-difluorobenzoate, 2,6-F(2); 3,4-difluorobenzoate, 3,4-F(2); 3,5-difluorobenzoate, 3,5-F(2); 2,3,4-trifluorobenzoate, 2,3,4-F(3); 2,3,6-trifluorobenzoate, 2,3,6-F(3); 2,4,5-trifluorobenzoate, 2,4,5-F(3); 2,4,6-trifluorobenzoate, 2,4,6-F(3); 3,4,5-trifluorobenzoate, 3,4,5-F(3); 2,3,4,5-tetrafluorobenzoate, 2,3,4,5-F(4); 2,3,5,6-tetrafluorobenzoate, 2,3,5,6-F(4); pentafluorobenzoate, F(5)). By adding fluorine atoms on the benzoate ligands, it was possible to tune the redox potential (E(1/2)) for [Ru(2)(II,II)]/[Ru(2)(II,III)](+) over a wide range of potentials from -40 mV to 350 mV (vs. Ag/Ag(+) in THF). 2,3,6-F(3), 2,3,4,5-F(4), 2,3,5,6-F(4) and F(5) were relatively air-stable compounds even though they are [Ru(2)(II,II)] species. The redox potential in THF was dependent on an electronic effect rather than on a structural (steric) effect of the o-F atoms, although more than one substituent in the m- and p-positions shifted E(1/2) to higher potentials in relation to the general Hammett equation. A quasi-Hammett parameter for an o-F atom (σ(o)) was estimated to be ∼0.2, and a plot of E(1/2)vs. a sum of Hammett parameters including σ(o) was linear. In addition, the HOMO energy levels, which was calculated based on atomic coordinates of solid-state structures, as well as the redox potential were affected by adding F atoms. Nevertheless, a steric contribution stabilizing their static structures in the solid state was present in addition to the electronic effect. On the basis of the electronic effect, the redox potential of these complexes is correlated to the HOMO energy level, and the electronic effect of F atoms is the main factor controlling the ionization potential of the

  15. Synthesis, characterization and properties of some divalent metal(II) complexes: Their electrochemical, catalytic, thermal and antimicrobial activity studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tümer, Mehmet; Ekinci, Duygu; Tümer, Ferhan; Bulut, Akif

    2007-07-01

    In this study, we synthesized the amine compound 2-(2-aminoethyliminomethyl)phenol (H 3A) as the starting material, and then we prepared the polydentate Schiff base ligands from the reactions of the amine compound (H 3A) with phtaldialdehyde (H 2L), 4-methyl-2,6-di-formlyphenol (H 3L 1) and 4- t-butyl-2,6-di-formylphenol (H 3L 2) in the ethanol solution. Moreover, the complexes Cd(II), Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Sn(II) of the ligands H 2L, H 3L 1 and H 3L 2 have been prepared. All compounds have been characterized by the analytical and spectroscopic methods. In addition, the magnetic susceptibility and molar conductance measurements have been made. The catalytic properties of the mono- and binuclear Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes have been studied on the 3,5-di- tert-butylcatechol (3,5-DTBC) and ascorbic acid (aa) as a substrate. The oxidative C-C coupling properties of the Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes have been investigated on the sterically hindered 2,6-di- tert-butylphenol (dtbp). The antimicrobial activity properties of the ligands and their mono- and binuclear complexes have been studied against the bacteria and fungi. The results have been compared to the antibacterial and fungi drugs. The TGA curves show that the decomposition takes place in three steps for all complexes. Electrochemical properties of the complexes Cu(II) and Ni(II) have been investigated for the first time in acetonitrile by cyclic voltammetry.

  16. Cyanide bridged hetero-metallic polymeric complexes: Syntheses, vibrational spectra, thermal analyses and crystal structures of complexes [M(1,2-dmi)2Ni(μ-CN)4]n (M = Zn(II) and Cd(II))

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kürkçüoğlu, Güneş Süheyla; Sayın, Elvan; Şahin, Onur

    2015-12-01

    Two cyanide bridged hetero-metallic complexes of general formula, [M(1,2-dmi)2Ni(μ-CN)4]n (1,2-dmi = 1,2-dimethylimidazole and M = Zn(II) or Cd(II)) have been synthesized and characterized by vibrational (FT-IR and Raman) spectroscopy, single crystal X-ray diffraction, thermal analyses and elemental analyses. The crystallographic analyses reveal that the complexes, [Zn(1,2-dmi)2Ni(μ-CN)4] (1) and [Cd(1,2-dmi)2Ni(μ-CN)4] (2), have polymeric 2D networks. In the complexes, four cyanide groups of [Ni(CN)4]2- coordinated to the adjacent M(II) ions and distorted octahedral geometries of complexes are completed by two nitrogen atoms of trans 1,2-dmi ligands. The structures of 1 and 2 are similar and linked via intermolecular hydrogen bonding, C-H⋯Ni interactions to give rise to 3D networks. Vibration assignments are given for all the observed bands and the spectral features also supported to the crystal structures of heteronuclear complexes. The FT-IR and Raman spectra of the complexes are very much consistent with the structural data presented.

  17. The facile synthesis of a chitosan Cu(II) complex by solution plasma process and evaluation of their antioxidant activities.

    PubMed

    Ma, Fengming; Li, Pu; Zhang, Baiqing; Wang, Zhenyu

    2017-10-01

    Synthesis of chitosan-Cu(II) complex by solution plasma process (SPP) irradiation was investigated. The effects of the distance between the electrodes, initial Cu(II) concentration, and initial pH on the Cu(II) adsorption capacity were evaluated. The results showed that narrower distance between the electrodes, higher initial Cu(II) concentration and higher initial pH (at pH<6) were favourable for the adsorption capacity of Cu(II). Characterization of the chitosan-Cu(II) complex by ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy revealed that the main structure of chitosan was not changed after irradiation. Thermogravimetry (TG) analysis indicated that Cu(II) ions were well incorporated into the chitosan. The antioxidant activity of the chitosan-Cu(II) complex was evaluated by DPPH, ABTS, and reducing power assays. The chitosan-Cu(II) complex exhibited greater antioxidant activity than the original chitosan. Thus, SPP could be used for preparation of chitosan-Cu(II) complexes. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  18. Application of calcium peroxide activated with Fe(II)-EDDS complex in trichloroethylene degradation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiang; Gu, Xiaogang; Lu, Shuguang; Miao, Zhouwei; Xu, Minhui; Fu, Xiaori; Qiu, Zhaofu; Sui, Qian

    2016-10-01

    This study was conducted to assess the application of calcium peroxide (CP) activated with Fe(II) chelated by (S,S)-ethylenediamine-N,N'-disuccinic acid (EDDS) to enhance trichloroethylene (TCE) degradation in aqueous solution. It was indicated that EDDS prevented soluble iron from precipitation, and the optimum molar ratio of Fe(II)/EDDS to accelerate TCE degradation was 1/1. The influences of initial TCE, CP and Fe(II)-EDDS concentration were also investigated. The combination of CP and Fe(II)-EDDS complex rendered the efficient degradation of TCE at near neutral pH range. Chemical probe and scavenger tests identified that TCE degradation mainly owed to the oxidation of HO while O2(-) promoted HO generation. Cl(-), HCO3(-) and humic acid were found to inhibit CP/Fe(II)-EDDS performance on different levels. In conclusion, the application of CP activated with Fe(II)-EDDS complex is a promising technology in chemical remediation of groundwater, while further research in practical implementation is needed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Synthesis, characterization and physicochemical studies of new chelating resin 1, 8-(3, 6-dithiaoctyl)-4-polyvinylbenzenesulphonate (dpvbs) and its metallopolymer Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Fe(III) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khalil, Tarek E.; Elbadawy, Hemmat A.; El-Dissouky, Ali

    2018-02-01

    A new chelating resin, 1,8-(3,6-dithiaoctyl)-4-polyvinylbenzenesulphonate (dpvbs) has been synthesized by coupling Amberlite XAD-16 with (2,2‧-ethylenedithio) diethanol using pyridine/CH2Cl2 mixture as a solvent. The chelating resin and its metallopolymer Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Fe(III) complexes have been synthesized and characterized by EDS, SEM, XPS, elemental analysis, spectral (IR, UV/Vis, EPR). The thermal analysis of the resin and its metallopolymer complexes indicated an endothermic spontaneous sorption mechanism with the liberation of water of hydration of the metal ions and that adsorbed by the free resin. At the solid liquid interface, the degrees of freedom increased during the sorption of the metal ions onto the resin. The surface area of polymer support and its metallopolymer complexes are estimated by (BJH) method. The batch equilibrium method was used for studying the metal sorption and selectivity at different pH values and different contact times at room temperature. ICP-AES was used to estimate the metal capacity of the resin for sorption of Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Fe(III) from aqueous solutions utilizing the batch equilibrium method. The sorption tendency of the metal ions by the resin was found to be: Cu(II) > Fe(III) > Co(II) > Ni(II). Adsorption kinetics was found to be fit the pseudo-second order model.

  20. Divergent Coordination Chemistry: Parallel Synthesis of [2×2] Iron(II) Grid-Complex Tauto-Conformers.

    PubMed

    Schäfer, Bernhard; Greisch, Jean-François; Faus, Isabelle; Bodenstein, Tilmann; Šalitroš, Ivan; Fuhr, Olaf; Fink, Karin; Schünemann, Volker; Kappes, Manfred M; Ruben, Mario

    2016-08-26

    The coordination of iron(II) ions by a homoditopic ligand L with two tridentate chelates leads to the tautomerism-driven emergence of complexity, with isomeric tetramers and trimers as the coordination products. The structures of the two dominant [Fe(II) 4 L4 ](8+) complexes were determined by X-ray diffraction, and the distinctness of the products was confirmed by ion-mobility mass spectrometry. Moreover, these two isomers display contrasting magnetic properties (Fe(II) spin crossover vs. a blocked Fe(II) high-spin state). These results demonstrate how the coordination of a metal ion to a ligand that can undergo tautomerization can increase, at a higher hierarchical level, complexity, here expressed by the formation of isomeric molecular assemblies with distinct physical properties. Such results are of importance for improving our understanding of the emergence of complexity in chemistry and biology. © 2016 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

  1. Gas phase reactions of doubly charged alkaline earth and transition metal(II)-ligand complexes generated by electrospray ionization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohler, Martin; Leary, Julie A.

    1997-03-01

    Doubly charged metal(II)-complexes of [alpha] 1-3, [alpha] 1-6 mannotriose and the conserved trimannosyl core pentasaccharide as well as doubly charged complexes of Co(II), Mn(II), Ca(II) and Sr(II) with acetonitrile generated by electrospray ionization were studied by low energy collision induced dissociation (CID). Two main fragmentation pathways were observed for the metal(II)-oligosaccharide complexes. Regardless of the coordinating metal, loss of a neutral dehydrohexose residue (162 Da) from the doubly charged precursor ion is observed, forming a doubly charged product ion. However, if the oligosaccharide is coordinated to Co(II) or Mn(II), loss of a dehydroxyhexose cation is also observed. Investigation of the low mass region of the mass spectra of the metal coordinated oligosaccharides revealed intense signals corresponding to [metal(II) + (CH3CN)n2+ (where n = 1-6) species which were being formed by the metal(II) ions and the acetonitrile present in the sample. Analysis of these metal(II)-acetonitrile complexes provided further insight into the processes occurring upon low energy CID of doubly charged metal complexes. The metal(II)-acetonitrile system showed neutral loss and ligand cleavage as observed with the oligosaccharide complexes, as well as a series of six different dissociation mechanisms, most notable among them reduction from [metal(II) + (CH3CN)n2+ to the bare [metal(I)]+ species by electron transfer. Depending on the metal and collision gas chosen, one observes electron transfer from the ligand to the metal, electron transfer from the collision gas to the metal, proton transfer between ligands, heterolytic cleavage of the ligands, reactive collisions and loss of neutral ligands.

  2. Laser initiation of Fe(II) complexes of 4-nitro-pyrazolyl substituted tetrazine ligands

    DOE PAGES

    Myers, Thomas Winfield; Brown, Kathryn Elizabeth; Chavez, David E.; ...

    2017-02-01

    Here, the synthesis and characterization of new 1,2,4-triazolyl and 4-nitro-pyrazolyl substituted tetrazine ligands has been achieved. The strongly electron deficient 1,2,4-triazolyl substituted ligands did not coordinate Fe(II) metal centers, while the mildly electron deficient 4-nitro-pyrazolyl substituted ligands did coordinate Fe(II) metal centers in a 2:1 ratio of ligand to metal. The thermal stability and mechanical sensitivity characteristics of the complexes are similar to the conventional explosive pentaerythritol tetranitrate. The complexes had strong absorption in the visible region of the spectrum that extended into the near-infrared. In spite of having improved oxygen balances, increased mechanical sensitivity, and similar absorption of NIRmore » light to recently reported Fe(II) tetrazine complexes, these newly synthesized explosives were more difficult to initiate with Nd:YAG pulsed laser light. More specifically, the complexes required lower densities (0.9 g/cm 3) to initiate at the same threshold utilized to initiate previous materials at higher densities (1.05 g/cm 3).« less

  3. Combining molecular docking and QSAR studies for modeling the anti-tyrosinase activity of aromatic heterocycle thiosemicarbazone analogues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Huanhuan; Liu, Jing; Liu, Xiaoru; Yu, Yanying; Cao, Shuwen

    2018-01-01

    A collection of thirty-six aromatic heterocycle thiosemicarbazone analogues presented a broad span of anti-tyrosinase activities were designed and obtained. A robust and reliable two-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship model, as evidenced by the high q2 and r2 values (0.848 and 0.893, respectively), was gained based on the analogues to predict the quantitative chemical-biological relationship and the new modifier direction. Inhibitory activities of the compounds were found to greatly depend on molecular shape and orbital energy. Substituents brought out large ovality and high highest-occupied molecular orbital energy values helped to improve the activity of these analogues. The molecular docking results provided visual evidence for QSAR analysis and inhibition mechanism. Based on these, two novel tyrosinase inhibitors O04 and O05 with predicted IC50 of 0.5384 and 0.8752 nM were designed and suggested for further research.

  4. Nickel(II) and palladium(II) triphenylphosphine complexes incorporating tridentate Schiff base ligands: Synthesis, characterization and biocidal activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shabbir, Muhammad; Akhter, Zareen; Ashraf, Ahmad Raza; Ismail, Hammad; Habib, Anum; Mirza, Bushra

    2017-12-01

    Nickel(II) and palladium(II) triphenylphosphine complexes incorporating tridentate Schiff bases have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis as well as by spectroscopic techniques (FTIR & NMR). The synthesized compounds were assessed to check their potential biocidal activity by using different biological assays (brine shrimp cytotoxicity, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antitumor and drug-DNA interaction). Results of brine shrimp cytotoxicity assay showed that ligand molecules are more bioactive than metal complexes with LD50 as low as 12.4 μg/mL. The prominent antitumor activity was shown by nickel complexes while the palladium complexes exhibited moderate activity. The synthesized compounds have shown high propensity for DNA binding either through intercalation or groove binding which represents the mechanism of antitumor effect of these compounds. Additionally, ligand molecules and nickel metal complexes showed significant antioxidant activity with IC50 values as low as 3.1 μg/mL and 18.9 μg/mL respectively while palladium complexes exhibited moderate activity. Moreover, in antimicrobial assays H2L1, Ni(L1)PPh3 and H2L3 showed dual inhibition against bacterial and fungal strains while for the rest of the compounds varying degree of activity was recorded against different strains. Overall comparison of results suggests that the synthesized compounds can be promising candidate for drug formulation and development.

  5. N-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)carbamothioyl)furan-2-carboxamide and its Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes: Synthesis, characterization, DFT computations, thermal decomposition, antioxidant and antitumor activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yeşilkaynak, Tuncay; Özpınar, Celal; Emen, Fatih Mehmet; Ateş, Burhan; Kaya, Kerem

    2017-02-01

    N-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)carbamothioyl)furan-2-carboxamide (HL: C11H8ClN3O2S) and its Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR,1H NMR and HR-MS methods. The HL was characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. It crystallizes in the monoclinic system. The HL has the space group P 1 21/c 1, Z = 4, and its unit cell parameters are a = 4.5437(5) Å, b = 22.4550(3) Å, c = 11.8947(14) Å. The ligand coordinates the metal ions as bidentate and thus essentially yields neutral complexes of the [ML2] type. ML2 complex structures were optimized using B97D/TZVP level. Molecular orbitals of both HL ligand were calculated at the same level. Thermal decomposition of the complexes has been investigated by thermogravimetry. The complexes were screened for their anticancer and antioxidant activities. Antioxidant activity of the complexes was determined by using the DPPH and ABTS assays. The anticancer activity of the complexes was studied by using MTT assay in MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

  6. Curcumin-Zn(II) complex for enhanced solubility and stability: an approach for improved delivery and pharmacodynamic effects.

    PubMed

    Sareen, Rashmi; Jain, Nitin; Dhar, K L

    2016-08-01

    The aim of present investigation was to prepare Curcumin-Zn(II) complex in a view to enhance solubility, stability and pharmacodynamic effect in experimentally induced ulcerative colitis. Curcumin-Zn(II) complex was prepared by stirring curcumin with anhydrous zinc chloride at a molar ratio of 1:1. The prepared curcumin metallocomplex was characterized by TLC, FTIR, UV spectroscopy and (1)H NMR. In vitro kinetic degradation and solubility of Curcumin and Curcumin-Zn(II) complex was analyzed spectrophotometrically. Pharmacodynamic evaluation of curcumin and its metal complex was assessed in ulcerative colitis in mice. Curcumin showed chelation with zinc ion as confirmed by the TLC, FTIR, UV spectroscopy and (1)H NMR. The results of TLC [Rf value], IR Spectroscopy [shifting of stretching vibrations of υ(C=C) and υ(C=O)], UV spectra [deconvoluted with absorption band at 432-466.4 nm] of Curcumin-Zn(II) complex compared to curcumin confirmed the formation of metallocomplex. (1)HNMR spectra of Curcumin-Zn(II) showed the upfield shift of Ha and Hb. Kinetic stability studies showed metallocomplex with zinc exhibited good stability. In vivo study revealed significant reduction in severity and extent of colonic damage with Curcumin-Zn(II) which were further confirmed by histopathological study. This study recognizes higher solubility and stability of Curcumin-Zn(II) complex and suggested better pharmacodynamic effects.

  7. Synthesis, investigation and spectroscopic characterization of piroxicam ternary complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with glycine and DL-phenylalanine.

    PubMed

    Mohamed, Gehad G; El-Gamel, Nadia E A

    2004-11-01

    The ternary piroxicam (Pir; 4-hydroxy-2-methyl-N-(2-pyridyl)-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide 1,1-dioxide) complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with various amino acids (AA) such as glycine (Gly) or DL-phenylalanine (PhA) were prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, IR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment, diffuse reflectance and X-ray powder diffraction. The UV-Vis spectra of Pir and the effect of metal chelation on the different interligand transitions are discussed in detailed manner. IR and UV-Vis spectra confirm that Pir behaves as a neutral bidentate ligand coordinated to the metal ions via the pyridine-N and carbonyl group of the amide moiety. Gly molecule acted as a uninegatively monodentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic group, in addition PhA acted as a uninegatively bidentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic and amino groups. All the chelates have octahedral geometrical structures while Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-ternary chelates with PhA have square planar geometrical structures. The molar conductance data reveal that most of these chelates are non electrolytes, while Fe(III)-Pir-Gly, Co(II)-, Ni(II)-, Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-Pir-PhA chelates were 1:1 electrolytes. X-ray powder diffraction is used as a new tool to estimate the crystallinity of chelates as well as to elucidate their geometrical structures.

  8. Synthesis, investigation and spectroscopic characterization of piroxicam ternary complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with glycine and DL-phenylalanine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamed, Gehad G.; El-Gamel, Nadia E. A.

    2004-11-01

    The ternary piroxicam (Pir; 4-hydroxy-2-methyl- N-(2-pyridyl)-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide 1,1-dioxide) complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with various amino acids (AA) such as glycine (Gly) or DL-phenylalanine (PhA) were prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, IR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment, diffuse reflectance and X-ray powder diffraction. The UV-Vis spectra of Pir and the effect of metal chelation on the different interligand transitions are discussed in detailed manner. IR and UV-Vis spectra confirm that Pir behaves as a neutral bidentate ligand coordinated to the metal ions via the pyridine- N and carbonyl group of the amide moiety. Gly molecule acted as a uninegatively monodentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic group, in addition PhA acted as a uninegatively bidentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic and amino groups. All the chelates have octahedral geometrical structures while Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-ternary chelates with PhA have square planar geometrical structures. The molar conductance data reveal that most of these chelates are non electrolytes, while Fe(III)-Pir-Gly, Co(II)-, Ni(II)-, Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-Pir-PhA cheletes were 1:1 electrolytes. X-ray powder diffraction is used as a new tool to estimate the crystallinity of chelates as well as to elucidate their geometrical structures.

  9. Synthesis of N₄ donor macrocyclic Schiff base ligands and their Ru (II), Pd (II), Pt (II) metal complexes for biological studies and catalytic oxidation of didanosine in pharmaceuticals.

    PubMed

    Ravi Krishna, E; Muralidhar Reddy, P; Sarangapani, M; Hanmanthu, G; Geeta, B; Shoba Rani, K; Ravinder, V

    2012-11-01

    A series of tetraaza (N(4) donor) macrocyclic ligands (L(1)-L(4)) were derived from the condensation of o-phthalaldehyde (OPA) with some substituted aromatic amines/azide, and subsequently used to synthesize the metal complexes of Ru(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II). The structures of macrocyclic ligands and their metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, (1)H &(13)C NMR, mass and electronic spectroscopy, thermal, magnetic and conductance measurements. Both the ligands and their complexes were screened for their antibacterial activities against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria by MIC method. Besides, these macrocyclic complexes were investigated as catalysts in the oxidation of pharmaceutical drug didanosine. The oxidized products were further treated with sulphanilic acid to develop the colored products to determine by spectrophotometrically. The current oxidation method is an environmentally friendly, simple to set-up, requires short reaction time, produces high yields and does not require co-oxidant. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Cytotoxic properties of a new organometallic platinum(II) complex and its gold(I) heterobimetallic derivatives.

    PubMed

    Serratrice, Maria; Maiore, Laura; Zucca, Antonio; Stoccoro, Sergio; Landini, Ida; Mini, Enrico; Massai, Lara; Ferraro, Giarita; Merlino, Antonello; Messori, Luigi; Cinellu, Maria Agostina

    2016-01-14

    A novel platinum(ii) organometallic complex, [Pt(pbi)(Me)(DMSO)], bearing the 2-(2'-pyridyl)-benzimidazole (pbiH) ligand, was synthesized and fully characterized. Interestingly, the reaction of this organometallic platinum(ii) complex with two distinct gold(i) phosphane compounds afforded the corresponding heterobimetallic derivatives with the pbi ligand bridging the two metal centers. The antiproliferative properties in vitro of [Pt(pbi)(Me)(DMSO)] and its gold(i) derivatives as well as those of the known coordination platinum(ii) and palladium(ii) complexes with the same ligand, of the general formula [MCl2(pbiH)], were comparatively evaluated against A2780 cancer cells, either sensitive or resistant to cisplatin. A superior biological activity of the organometallic compound clearly emerged compared to the corresponding platinum(ii) complex; the antiproliferative effects are further enhanced upon attaching the gold(i) triphenylphosphine moiety to the organometallic Pt compound. Remarkably, these novel metal species are able to overcome nearly complete resistance to cisplatin. Significant mechanistic insight into the study compounds was gained after investigating their reactions with a few representative biomolecules by electrospray mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography. The obtained results are comprehensively discussed.

  11. Spectroscopic and molecular docking studies on the interaction of human serum albumin with copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guhathakurta, Bhargab; Pradhan, Ankur Bikash; Das, Suman; Bandyopadhyay, Nirmalya; Lu, Liping; Zhu, Miaoli; Naskar, Jnan Prakash

    2017-02-01

    Two osazone based ligands, butane-2,3-dione bis(2‧-pyridylhydrazone) (BDBPH) and hexane-3,4-dione bis(2‧-pyridylhydrazone) (HDBPH), were synthesized out of the 2:1 M Schiff base condensation of 2-hydrazino pyridine respectively with 2,3-butanedione and 3,4-hexanedione. The X-ray crystal structures of both the ligands have been determined. The copper(II) complex of HDBPH has also been synthesized and structurally characterized. HDBPH and its copper(II) complex have thoroughly been characterized through various spectroscopic and analytical techniques. The X-ray crystal structure of the copper complex of HDBPH shows that it is a monomeric Cu(II) complex having 'N4O2' co-ordination chromophore. Interaction of human serum albumin (HSA) with these ligands and their monomeric copper(II) complexes have been studied by various spectroscopic means. The experimental findings show that the ligands as well as their copper complexes are good HSA binders. Molecular docking investigations have also been done to unravel the mode of binding of the species with HSA.

  12. Riboflavin transporter deficiency mimicking mitochondrial myopathy caused by complex II deficiency.

    PubMed

    Nimmo, Graeme A M; Ejaz, Resham; Cordeiro, Dawn; Kannu, Peter; Mercimek-Andrews, Saadet

    2018-02-01

    Biallelic likely pathogenic variants in SLC52A2 and SLC52A3 cause riboflavin transporter deficiency. It is characterized by muscle weakness, ataxia, progressive ponto-bulbar palsy, amyotrophy, and sensorineural hearing loss. Oral riboflavin halts disease progression and may reverse symptoms. We report two new patients whose clinical and biochemical features were mimicking mitochondrial myopathy. Patient 1 is an 8-year-old male with global developmental delay, axial and appendicular hypotonia, ataxia, and sensorineural hearing loss. His muscle biopsy showed complex II deficiency and ragged red fibers consistent with mitochondrial myopathy. Whole exome sequencing revealed a homozygous likely pathogenic variant in SLC52A2 (c.917G>A; p.Gly306Glu). Patient 2 is a 14-month-old boy with global developmental delay, respiratory insufficiency requiring ventilator support within the first year of life. His muscle biopsy revealed combined complex II + III deficiency and ragged red fibers consistent with mitochondrial myopathy. Whole exome sequencing identified a homozygous likely pathogenic variant in SCL52A3 (c.1223G>A; p.Gly408Asp). We report two new patients with riboflavin transporter deficiency, caused by mutations in two different riboflavin transporter genes. Both patients presented with complex II deficiency. This treatable neurometabolic disorder can mimic mitochondrial myopathy. In patients with complex II deficiency, riboflavin transporter deficiency should be included in the differential diagnosis to allow early treatment and improve neurodevelopmental outcome. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Steric Effects on the Binding of Phosphate and Polyphosphate Anions by Zinc(II) and Copper(II) Dinuclear Complexes of m-Xylyl-bis-cyclen.

    PubMed

    Esteves, Catarina V; Esteban-Gómez, David; Platas-Iglesias, Carlos; Tripier, Raphaël; Delgado, Rita

    2018-05-11

    The triethylbenzene-bis-cyclen (cyclen = 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane) compound (tbmce) was designed with an imposed structural rigidity at the m-xylyl spacer to be compared to a less restrained and known parent compound (bmce). The framework of both compounds differs only in the substituents of the m-xylyl spacer. The study was centered in the differences observed in the acid-base reactions of both compounds, their copper(II) and zinc(II) complexation behaviors, as well as in the uptake of phosphate and polyphosphate anions (HPPi 3- , ATP 4- , ADP 3- , AMP 2- , PhPO 4 2- , and HPO 4 2- ). On the one hand, the acid-base reactions showed lower values for the third and fourth protonation constants of tbmce than for bmce, suggesting that the ethyl groups of the spacer in tbmce force the two cyclen units to more conformational restricted positions. On the other hand, the stability constant values for copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes revealed that bmce is a better chelator than tbmce pointing out to additional conformational restraints imposed by the triethylbenzene spacer. The binding studies of phosphates by the dinuclear copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes showed much smaller effective association constants for the dicopper complexes. Single-crystal X-ray and computational (density functional theory) studies suggest that anion binding promotes the formation of tetranuclear entities in which anions are bridging the metal centers. Our studies also revealed the dinuclear zinc(II) complex of bmce as a promising receptor for phosphate anions, with the largest effective association constant of 5.94 log units being observed for the formation of [Zn 2 bmce(HPPi)] + . Accordingly, a colorimetric study via an indicator displacement assay to detect phosphates in aqueous solution found that the [Zn 2 bmce] 4+ complex acts as the best receptor for pyrophosphate displaying a detection limit of 2.5 nM by changes visible to naked eye.

  14. Anti-Leishmania activity of new ruthenium(II) complexes: Effect on parasite-host interaction.

    PubMed

    Costa, Mônica S; Gonçalves, Yasmim G; Nunes, Débora C O; Napolitano, Danielle R; Maia, Pedro I S; Rodrigues, Renata S; Rodrigues, Veridiana M; Von Poelhsitz, Gustavo; Yoneyama, Kelly A G

    2017-10-01

    Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The many complications presented by the current treatment - including high toxicity, high cost and parasite resistance - make the development of new therapeutic agents indispensable. The present study aims to evaluate the anti-Leishmania potential of new ruthenium(II) complexes, cis‑[Ru II (η 2 -O 2 CR)(dppm) 2 ]PF 6 , with dppm=bis(diphenylphosphino)methane and R=4-butylbenzoate (bbato) 1, 4-(methylthio)benzoate (mtbato) 2 and 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoate (hmxbato) 3, in promastigote cytotoxicity and their effect on parasite-host interaction. The cytotoxicity of complexes was analyzed by MTT assay against Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis, Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum promastigotes and the murine macrophage (RAW 264.7). The effect of complexes on parasite-host interaction was evaluated by in vitro infectivity assay performed in the presence of two different concentrations of each complex: the promastigote IC 50 value and the concentration nontoxic to 90% of RAW 264.7 macrophages. Complexes 1-3 exhibited potent cytotoxic activity against all Leishmania species assayed. The IC 50 values ranged from 7.52-12.59μM (complex 1); 0.70-3.28μM (complex 2) and 0.52-1.75μM (complex 3). All complexes significantly inhibited the infectivity index at both tested concentrations. The infectivity inhibitions ranged from 37 to 85%. Interestingly, the infectivity inhibitions due to complex action did not differ significantly at either of the tested concentrations, except for the complex 1 against Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum. The infectivity inhibitions resulted from reductions in both percentage of infected macrophages and number of parasites per macrophage. Taken together the results suggest remarkable leishmanicidal activity in vitro by these new ruthenium(II) complexes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Spectrophotometric complexation of cephalosporins with palladium (II) chloride in aqueous and non-aqueous solvents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bagheri Gh., A.; Yosefi rad, A.; Rezvani, M.; Roshanzamir, S.

    2012-04-01

    The complexation reaction of cephalosporins namely cefotaxime (CTX), cefuroxime (CRX), and cefazolin (CEFAZ) with palladium (II) ions have been studied in water and DMF in 25 °C by the spectrophotometric methods. The method is based on the formation of yellow to yellowish brown complex between palladium (II) chloride and the investigated cephalosporins in the presence of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) as surfactant. The complexation process was optimized in terms of pH, temperature and contact time. The stoichiometry of all the complexes was found to be 2:1 (metal ion/ligand) for CTX, CRX, and 1:2 for CEFAZ. The stoichiometry of palladium (II)-cephalosporins was estimated by mole ratio and continuous variation methods and emphasized by the KINFIT program. These drugs could be determined by measuring the absorbance of each complex at its specific λmax. The results obtained are in good agreement with those obtained using the official methods. The proposed method was successfully applied for the determination of these compounds in their dosage forms.

  16. Structural, thermal and optical characterization of an organic NLO material--benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone monohydrate single crystals.

    PubMed

    Santhakumari, R; Ramamurthi, K

    2011-02-01

    Single crystals of the organic NLO material, benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (BTSC) monohydrate, were grown by slow evaporation method. Solubility of BTSC monohydrate was determined in ethanol at different temperatures. The grown crystals were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis to determine the cell parameters and by FT-IR technique to study the presence of the functional groups. Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses reveal the thermal stability of the crystal. UV-vis-NIR spectrum shows excellent transmission in the region of 200-1100 nm. Theoretical calculations were carried out to determine the linear optical constants such as extinction coefficient and refractive index. Further the optical nonlinearities of BTSC have been investigated by Z-scan technique with He-Ne laser radiation of wavelength 632.8 nm. Mechanical properties of the grown crystal were studied using Vickers microhardness tester. Second harmonic generation efficiency of the powdered BTSC monohydrate was tested using Nd:YAG laser and it is found to be ∼5.3 times that of potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Stereochemical control over Mn(II)-Thio versus Mn(II)-Oxy coordination in adenosine 5 prime -O-(1-thiodiphosphate) complexes at the active site of creatine kinase

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Smithers, G.W.; Sammons, R.D.; Goodhart, P.J.

    1989-02-21

    The stereochemical configurations of the Mn(II) complexes with the resolved epimers of adenosine 5{prime}-O-(1-thiodiphosphate) (ADP{alpha}S), bound at the active site of creatine kinase, have been determined in order to assess the relative strengths of enzymic stereoselectivity versus Lewis acid/base preferences in metal-ligand binding. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) data have been obtained for Mn(II) in anion-stabilized, dead-end (transition-state analogue) complexes, in ternary enzyme-Mn{sup II}ADP{alpha}S complexes, and in the central complexes of the equilibrium mixture. The modes of coordination of Mn(II) at P{sub alpha} in the nitrate-stabilized, dead-end complexes with each epimer of ADP{alpha}S were ascertained by EPR measurements with (R{sub p})-({alpha}-{supmore » 17}O)ADP{alpha}S and (S{sub p})-({alpha}-{sup 17}O)ADP{alpha}S. A reduction in the magnitude of the {sup 55}Mn hyperfine coupling constant in the spectrum for the complex containing (S{sub p})-ADP{alpha}S is indicative of Mn(II)-thio coordination at P{sub alpha}. The results indicate that a strict discrimination for a unique configuration of the metal-nucleotide substrate is expressed upon binding of all of the substrates to form the active complex (or an analogue thereof). This enzymic stereoselectivity provides sufficient binding energy to overcome an intrinsic preference for the hard Lewis acid Mn(II) to coordinate to the hard Lewis base oxygen.« less

  18. Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes of α-keto stabilized sulfur ylide: Synthesis, structural, theoretical and catalytic activity studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sabounchei, Seyyed Javad; Hashemi, Ali; Sedghi, Asieh; Bayat, Mehdi; Akhlaghi Bagherjeri, Fateme; Gable, Robert W.

    2017-05-01

    Reaction of dimethyl sulfide with 2, 3‧-dibromoacetophenone led to formation of sulfonium salt [Me2SCH2C(O)C6H4-m-Br]Br (1). The resulted sulfonium salt was treated with NaOH and gave the α-keto stabilized sulfur ylide Me2SC(H)C(O)C6H4-m-Br (2). This ligand was reacted with [MCl2(cod)] (M = Pd, Pt; cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) to form the new cis- and trans-[MCl2(ylide)2] (M = Pd (cis- and trans-3), Pt (cis- and trans-4)) complexes. Characterization of the obtained compounds was performed by elemental analysis, IR, 1H and 13C NMR. Recrystallization of dichlorobis(ylide) palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes from DMSO solution yielded the crystalline products, which X-ray diffraction data revealed that the both compounds were crystallized as cis-[MCl2(ylide)(DMSO)] (M = Pd (5), Pt (6)) complexes. Also, a theoretical study on structure and nature of the Msbnd C bonding between the Y ligand (ylide) and [MCl2·DMSO] fragments in [YMCl2·DMSO] (M = Pd, Pt) complexes has been reported via NBO and energy-decomposition analysis (EDA). Furthermore, the palladium catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura reaction of various aryl chlorides with arylboronic acids was performed. The results showed that the Pd(II) complexes cis- and trans-3 catalyzed efficiently coupling reactions at low catalyst loading and short reaction time.

  19. Surface Structures Formed by a Copper(II) Complex of Alkyl-Derivatized Indigo

    PubMed Central

    Honda, Akinori; Noda, Keisuke; Tamaki, Yoshinori; Miyamura, Kazuo

    2016-01-01

    Assembled structures of dyes have great influence on their coloring function. For example, metal ions added in the dyeing process are known to prevent fading of color. Thus, we have investigated the influence of an addition of copper(II) ion on the surface structure of alkyl-derivatized indigo. Scanning tunneling microscope (STM) analysis revealed that the copper(II) complexes of indigo formed orderly lamellar structures on a HOPG substrate. These lamellar structures of the complexes are found to be more stable than those of alkyl-derivatized indigos alone. Furthermore, 2D chirality was observed. PMID:28773957

  20. Nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes of N,N-dialkyl-N‧-3-chlorobenzoylthiourea: Synthesis, characterization, crystal structures, Hirshfeld surfaces and antimicrobial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Binzet, Gun; Gumus, Ilkay; Dogen, Aylin; Flörke, Ulrich; Kulcu, Nevzat; Arslan, Hakan

    2018-06-01

    We synthesized four new N,N-dialkyl-N‧-3-chlorobenzoylthiourea ligands (Alkyl: Dimethyl, diethyl, di-n-propyl and di-n-butyl) and their metal complexes with copper and nickel atoms. The structure of all synthesized compounds was fully characterized by physicochemical, spectroscopic and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis techniques. The physical, spectral and analytical data of the newly synthesized metal complexes have shown the formation of 1:2 (metal:ligand) ratio. The benzoylthiourea ligands coordinate with metal atoms through oxygen and sulphur atoms. The metal atoms are in slightly distorted square-planar coordination geometry in Ni(II) or Cu(II) complex. Two oxygen and two sulphur atoms are mutually cis to each other in Ni(II) or Cu(II) complex. The intermolecular contacts in the compounds, which are HL1 and HL3, were examined by Hirshfeld surfaces and fingerprint plots using the data obtained from X-ray single crystal diffraction measurement. Besides these, their antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Enterococcus faecalis) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and anti-yeast activity (Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis and Candida albicans) were investigated. This exhibited some promising results towards testing organism. Among all the compounds, Ni(L1)2 complex showed high activity against Bacillus subtilis with MIC values at 7.81 μg/mL.

  1. pH-Dependent Assembly and Conversions of Six Cadmium(II)-Based Coordination Complexes

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Fang, Hua-Cai; Zhu, Ji-Qin; Zhou, Li-Jiang

    2010-07-07

    Six cadmium(II) complexes containing N2O2 donor tetradentate asymmetrical Schiff base ligand 2-{[2-(dimethylamino)ethylimino]methyl}-6-methoxyphenol (HL5), namely, [(Cd3L52Cl4)2]•CH3OH•H2O (1), [Cd(L5)Cl]2•CH3OH (2), [Cd2(HL5)Cl4]n (3), {[Cd3(H2L5)2Cl8]•2H2O}n (4), [(H2L5)2]2+•[CdCl4]2-•H2O (5), and [(H2L5)2]2+•[CdCl4]2- (6), have been synthesized using cadmium(II) chloride and asymmetrical Schiff base ligand HL5 under different pH conditions at room temperature. The diverse structures show the marked sensitivity of the structural chemistry of the tetradentate asymmetrical Schiff base ligand HL5. Complex 1 formed at pH = 10 exhibits a rare zero- dimensional structure of trinuclear cadmium (II). At pH = 8-9, a dinuclear cadmium (II) complex 2 is formed. The reaction at pH = 5-7more » leads to two one-dimensional structures of 3 and 4. A further decrease of the pH to 3-5 results in a zero-dimensional structure 5. Owing to the departure of lattice water molecules in the crystal, complex 5 at room temperature can gradually undergo single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation to result complex 6. The results further show that conversions of complex 1 to 5 can also be achieved by adjusting the pH value of the reaction solution, 1→2pH=8→5pH=3 and 3→4pH=5. Comparing these experimental results, it is clear that the pH plays a crucial role in the formation of the resulting structures, which simultaneously provide very effective strategies for constructing the CdII compounds with N2O2 donor tetradentate asymmetrical Schiff base ligand. The strong fluorescent emissions of the six compounds (1-6) make them potentially useful photoactive materials. Furthermore, six Schiff base cadmium complexes (1–6), with DPPH (2,2-dipheny1-1-picrylhydrazy1) as a co-oxidant exhibited the stronger scavenging activity.« less

  2. Reactions of Pd(II) and Pt(II) Complexes With Tetraethylthiouram Disulfide

    PubMed Central

    Cervantes, G.; Molins, E.; Miravitlles, C.

    1997-01-01

    The reactions of tetraethylthiouram disulfide (DTS), an inhibitor of the nephrotoxicity of Pt(II) drugs, an efficient agent in the treatment of chronic alcoholism, in the treatment of HIV infections, AIDS and heavy metal toxicity, and a fungicide and herbicide, with K2[PtCl4], in ratio 1:1 and 1:2, gave the compounds [PtCl2DTS] and [Pt(S2CNEt2)2] respectively. The reaction of the complexes K2[PdCl4], Pd(AcO)2 and [PdCl2(PhCN)2], where PhCN = Benzonitrile, with tetraethylthiouram disulfide in ratio 1:1 or 1:2, yielded orange crystals identified as [Pd(S2CNEt2)2]. The crystals were suitable for study by X-ray diffraction. The -S-S- bridge in the tetraethylthiouram disulfude molecule was broken and the two molecules of the thiocarbamate derivative were bound to the Pd(II) by the equivalents sulfur atoms. All the compounds were characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopies. PMID:18475812

  3. Structural basis for bifunctional zinc(II) macrocyclic complex recognition of thymine bulges in DNA.

    PubMed

    del Mundo, Imee Marie A; Siters, Kevin E; Fountain, Matthew A; Morrow, Janet R

    2012-05-07

    The zinc(II) complex of 1-(4-quinoylyl)methyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (cy4q) binds selectively to thymine bulges in DNA and to a uracil bulge in RNA. Binding constants are in the low-micromolar range for thymine bulges in the stems of hairpins, for a thymine bulge in a DNA duplex, and for a uracil bulge in an RNA hairpin. Binding studies of Zn(cy4q) to a series of hairpins containing thymine bulges with different flanking bases showed that the complex had a moderate selectivity for thymine bulges with neighboring purines. The dissociation constants of the most strongly bound Zn(cy4q)-DNA thymine bulge adducts were 100-fold tighter than similar sequences with fully complementary stems or than bulges containing cytosine, guanine, or adenine. In order to probe the role of the pendent group, three additional zinc(II) complexes containing 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (cyclen) with aromatic pendent groups were studied for binding to DNA including 1-(2-quinolyl)methyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (cy2q), 1-(4-biphenyl)methyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (cybp), and 5-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecan-1-ylsulfonyl)-N,N-dimethylnaphthalen-1-amine (dsc). The Zn(cybp) complex binds with moderate affinity but little selectivity to DNA hairpins with thymine bulges and to DNA lacking bulges. Similarly, Zn(dsc) binds weakly both to thymine bulges and hairpins with fully complementary stems. The zinc(II) complex of cy2q has the 2-quinolyl moiety bound to the Zn(II) center, as shown by (1)H NMR spectroscopy and pH-potentiometric titrations. As a consequence, only weak (500 μM) binding is observed to DNA with no appreciable selectivity. An NMR structure of a thymine-bulge-containing hairpin shows that the thymine is extrahelical but rotated toward the major groove. NMR data for Zn(cy4q) bound to DNA containing a thymine bulge is consistent with binding of the zinc(II) complex to the thymine N3(-) and stacking of the quinoline on top of the thymine. The thymine-bulge bound

  4. Synthesis, characterization and extraction studies of some metal (II) complexes containing (hydrazoneoxime and bis-acylhydrazone) moieties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Ne'aimi, Mohammed Mahmmod; Al-Khuder, Mohammed Moudar

    2013-03-01

    In this study, diacetylmonoximebenzoylhydrazone (L1H2) and 1,4-diacetylbenzene bis(benzoyl hydrazone) (L2H2) were synthesized by the condensation of benzohydrazide with diacetyl monoxime and 1,4-diacetylbenzene, respectively. Complexes of these ligands with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) inos were prepared with a metal:ligand ratio of 1:2 for L1H2 ligand, and 1:1 for L2H2 ligand. The ligands and their complexes were elucidated on the basis of elemental analyses CHN, AAS, FT-IR, 1H- and 13C NMR spectra, UV-vis spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Results show the L1H2 ligand act as monoanionic O,N,N-tridentate and coordination takes place in the enol form through the oxime nitrogen, the imine nitrogen and the enolate oxygen atoms with a N4O2 donor environment, while the L2H2 ligand act as a dianionic O,N,N,O-tetradentate and coordination takes place in the enol form through the enolate oxygen and the azomethine nitrogen atoms with a N2O2 donor environment. These results are consistent with the formation of mononuclear metal (II) complexes [M(L1H)2], and binuclear polymeric metal (II) complexes [{M2(L2)}n]. The extraction ability of both ligands were examined in chloroform by the liquid-liquid extraction of selected transition metal [Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+] cations. The effects of pH and contact time on the percentage extraction of metal (II) ions were studied under the optimum extraction conditions. The (L1H2) ligand shows strong binding ability toward copper(II) and lead(II) ions, while the (L2H2) ligand shows strong binding ability toward nickel(II) and zinc(II) ions.

  5. Polymeric Cd(II), trinuclear and mononuclear Ni(II) complexes of 5-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione: Synthesis, structural characterization, thermal behaviour, fluorescence properties and antibacterial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bharty, M. K.; Paswan, S.; Dani, R. K.; Singh, N. K.; Sharma, V. K.; Kharwar, R. N.; Butcher, R. J.

    2017-02-01

    Syntheses of a polymeric Cd(II) complex, [Cd(mptt)2]n (1), a trinuclear Ni(II) complex, [Ni3(μ-mptt)4(μ-H2O)2(H2O)2(ttfa)2]·3H2O (2) and a mononuclear Ni(II) complex [Ni(mptt)2(en)2] (3) have been performed using the ligand 5-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione (Hmptt) and nickel(II)/cadmium(II) salts {ttfa = thenoyltrifluroacetonate). The ligand and the complexes have been characterized by various physicochemical methods in addition to their single crystal X-ray structure. The Cd centre in complex 1 adopts a distorted tetrahedral geometry with one sulfur atom and two mptt ligands provide three nitrogen atoms from three triazole units. The sulfur atom of the ligand binds covalently and overall the ligand acts as uninigative N,S/N,N bidentate moiety. The polymeric structure of complex 1 results from the N atoms of the neighboring triazole units coordinating with the Cd(II) centre. The three Ni(II) centres in the trinuclear Ni(II) complex 2 form a linear arrangement and all have six coordinated arrangements. The middle Ni(II) binds with four deprotonated triazole ring nitrogens and two water molecules form two bridges. The terminal Ni(II) centres bind through two thenoyl oxygens, two triazole nitrogens and water molecules that formed bridges with the middle Ni centre. In complex 3, the nickel(II) centre is covalently bonded through two deprotonated triazole ring nitrogens from two ligand moieties and other four sites are occupied by four nitrogens from two bidentate en ligands. Thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) of the complexes indicated for NiO as the final residue. The bioefficacy of the ligand and complexes 2 and 3 have been examined against the growth of bacteria to evaluate their anti-microbial potential. Complex 2 showed high antibacterial activity as compared to the ligand and complex 3. Complexes 1, 2 and 3 are fluorescent materials with maximum emissions at 425, 421 and 396 nm at an excitation wavelength of 323, 348 and 322 nm, respectively.

  6. Pentacyanoiron(II) as an electron donor group for nonlinear optics: medium-responsive properties and comparisons with related pentaammineruthenium(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Coe, Benjamin J; Harries, Josephine L; Helliwell, Madeleine; Jones, Lathe A; Asselberghs, Inge; Clays, Koen; Brunschwig, Bruce S; Harris, James A; Garín, Javier; Orduna, Jesús

    2006-09-20

    In this article, we describe a series of complex salts in which electron-rich {Fe(II)(CN)(5)}(3)(-) centers are coordinated to pyridyl ligands with electron-accepting N-methyl/aryl-pyridinium substituents. These compounds have been characterized by using various techniques including electronic absorption spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. Molecular quadratic nonlinear optical (NLO) responses have been determined by using hyper-Rayleigh scattering (HRS) at 1064 nm, and also via Stark (electroabsorption) spectroscopic studies on the intense, visible d --> pi* metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) bands. The relatively large static first hyperpolarizabilities, beta(0), increase markedly on moving from aqueous to methanol solutions, accompanied by large red-shifts in the MLCT transitions. Acidification of aqueous solutions allows reversible switching of the linear and NLO properties, as shown via both HRS and Stark experiments. Time-dependent density functional theory and finite field calculations using a polarizable continuum model yield relatively good agreement with the experimental results and confirm the large decrease in beta(0) on protonation. The Stark-derived beta(0) values are generally larger for related {Ru(II)(NH(3))(5)}(2+) complexes than for their {Fe(II)(CN)(5)}(3)(-) analogues, consistent with the HRS data in water. However, the HRS data in methanol show that the stronger solvatochromism of the Fe(II) complexes causes their NLO responses to surpass those of their Ru(II) counterparts upon changing the solvent medium.

  7. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and complex II levels are associated with the outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    WU, JIANHUA; ZHAO, FEI; ZHAO, YUFEI; GUO, ZHANJUN

    2015-01-01

    In the present study, two oxidative stress parameters, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial respiratory complex II, were evaluated in the mitochondria of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells to determine the association between these parameters and the carcinogenesis and clinical outcome of HCC. High levels of ROS and low levels of complex II were found to be associated with reduced post-operative survival in HCC patients using the log-rank test. Furthermore, multivariate analysis confirmed that the levels of ROS [relative risk (RR)=2.867; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.062–7.737; P=0.038] and complex II (RR=5.422; 95% CI, 1.273–23.088; P=0.022) were independent predictors for the survival of patients with HCC. Therefore, the analysis of ROS and complex II levels may provide a useful research and therapeutic tool for the prediction of HCC prognosis and treatment. PMID:26622849

  8. Spectral characterization, cyclic voltammetry, morphology, biological activities and DNA cleaving studies of amino acid Schiff base metal(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neelakantan, M. A.; Rusalraj, F.; Dharmaraja, J.; Johnsonraja, S.; Jeyakumar, T.; Sankaranarayana Pillai, M.

    2008-12-01

    Metal complexes are synthesized with Schiff bases derived from o-phthalaldehyde (opa) and amino acids viz., glycine (gly) L-alanine (ala), L-phenylalanine (pal). Metal ions coordinate in a tetradentate or hexadentate manner with these N 2O 2 donor ligands, which are characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moments, IR, electronic, 1H NMR and EPR spectral studies. The elemental analysis suggests the stoichiometry to be 1:1 (metal:ligand). Based on EPR studies, spin-Hamiltonian and bonding parameters have been calculated. The g-values calculated for copper complexes at 300 K and in frozen DMSO (77 K) indicate the presence of the unpaired electron in the d orbital. The evaluated metal-ligand bonding parameters showed strong in-plane σ- and π-bonding. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron micrography (SEM) analysis provide the crystalline nature and the morphology of the metal complexes. The cyclic voltammograms of the Cu(II)/Mn(II)/VO(II) complexes investigated in DMSO solution exhibit metal centered electroactivity in the potential range -1.5 to +1.5 V. The electrochemical data obtained for Cu(II) complexes explains the change of structural arrangement of the ligand around Cu(II) ions. The biological activity of the complexes has been tested on eight bacteria and three fungi. Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes show an increased activity in comparison to the controls. The metal complexes of opapal Schiff base were evaluated for their DNA cleaving activities with calf-thymus DNA (CT DNA) under aerobic conditions. Cu(II) and VO(II) complexes show more pronounced activity in presence of the oxidant.

  9. An unexpected Schiff base-type Ni(II) complex: Synthesis, crystal structures, fluorescence, electrochemical property and SOD-like activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chai, Lan-Qin; Zhang, Hong-Song; Huang, Jiao-Jiao; Zhang, Yu-Li

    2015-02-01

    An unexpected Schiff base-type Ni(II) complex, [Ni(L2)2]ṡCH3OH (HL2 = 1-(2-{[(E)-3, 5-dibromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene]amino}phenyl)ethanone oxime), has been synthesized via complexation of Ni(II) acetate tetrahydrate with HL1 (2-(3,5-dibromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-methyl-1,2-dihydroquinazoline 3-oxide) originally. HL1 and its corresponding Ni(II) complex were characterized by IR, 1H NMR spectra, as well as by elemental analysis, UV-Vis and emission spectroscopy, respectively. Crystal structures of the ligand and complex have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Each complex links two other molecules into an infinite 1-D chain via intermolecular hydrogen bonding interactions. Moreover, the electrochemical property of the nickle complex was studied by cyclic voltammetry. In addition, SOD-like activities of HL1 and Ni(II) complex were also investigated.

  10. Vibrational spectroscopy (FT-IR and Laser-Raman) investigation, and computational (M06-2X and B3LYP) analysis on the structure of 4-(3-fluorophenyl)-1-(propan-2-ylidene)-thiosemicarbazone.

    PubMed

    Sert, Yusuf; Miroslaw, Barbara; Çırak, Çağrı; Doğan, Hatice; Szulczyk, Daniel; Struga, Marta

    2014-07-15

    In this study, the experimental and theoretical vibrational spectral analysis of 4-(3-fluorophenyl)-1-(propan-2-ylidene)-thiosemicarbazone have been carried out. The experimental FT-IR (4000-400 cm(-1)) and Laser-Raman spectra (4000-100 cm(-1)) have been recorded for the solid state samples. The theoretical vibrational frequencies and the optimized geometric parameters (bond lengths and angles) have been calculated for gas phase using density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP: Becke, 3-parameter, Lee-Yang-Parr) and M06-2X (the highly parametrized, empirical exchange correlation function) quantum chemical methods with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The diversity in molecular geometry of fluorophenyl substituted thiosemicarbazones has been discussed based on the X-ray crystal structure reports and theoretical calculation results from the literature. The assignments of the vibrational frequencies have been done on the basis of potential energy distribution (PED) analysis by using VEDA4 software. A good correlation was found between the computed and experimental geometric and vibrational data. In addition, the highest occupied (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied (LUMO) molecular orbital energy levels and other related molecular energy values of the compound have been determined using the same level of theoretical calculations. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. High-spin ribbons and antiferromagnetic ordering of a Mn(II)-biradical-Mn(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Fatila, Elisabeth M; Clérac, Rodolphe; Rouzières, Mathieu; Soldatov, Dmitriy V; Jennings, Michael; Preuss, Kathryn E

    2013-09-11

    A binuclear metal coordination complex of the first thiazyl-based biradical ligand 1 is reported (1 = 4,6-bis(1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl)pyrimidine; hfac =1,1,1,5,5,5,-hexafluoroacetylacetonato-). The Mn(hfac)2-biradical-Mn(hfac)2 complex 2 is a rare example of a discrete, molecular species employing a neutral bridging biradical ligand. It is soluble in common organic solvents and can be easily sublimed as a crystalline solid. Complex 2 has a spin ground state of S(T) = 4 resulting from antiferromagnetic coupling between the S(birad) = 1 biradical bridging ligand and two S(Mn) = 5/2 Mn(II) ions. Electrostatic contacts between atoms with large spin density promote a ferromagnetic arrangement of the moments of neighboring complexes in ribbon-like arrays. Weak antiferromagnetic coupling between these high-spin ribbons stabilizes an ordered antiferromagnetic ground state below 4.5 K. This is an unusual example of magnetic ordering in a molecular metal-radical complex, wherein the electrostatic contacts that direct the crystal packing are also responsible for providing an efficient exchange coupling pathway between molecules.

  12. Supramolecular architectures in Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes with thiophene-2-carboxylate and 2-amino-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine ligands.

    PubMed

    Karthikeyan, Ammasai; Thomas Muthiah, Packianathan; Perdih, Franc

    2016-05-01

    The coordination chemistry of mixed-ligand complexes continues to be an active area of research since these compounds have a wide range of applications. Many coordination polymers and metal-organic framworks are emerging as novel functional materials. Aminopyrimidine and its derivatives are flexible ligands with versatile binding and coordination modes which have been proven to be useful in the construction of organic-inorganic hybrid materials and coordination polymers. Thiophenecarboxylic acid, its derivatives and their complexes exhibit pharmacological properties. Cobalt(II) and copper(II) complexes of thiophenecarboxylate have many biological applications, for example, as antifungal and antitumor agents. Two new cobalt(II) and copper(II) complexes incorporating thiophene-2-carboxylate (2-TPC) and 2-amino-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine (OMP) ligands have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction studies, namely (2-amino-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine-κN)aquachlorido(thiophene-2-carboxylato-κO)cobalt(II) monohydrate, [Co(C5H3O2S)Cl(C6H9N3O2)(H2O)]·H2O, (I), and catena-poly[copper(II)-tetrakis(μ-thiophene-2-carboxylato-κ(2)O:O')-copper(II)-(μ-2-amino-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine-κ(2)N(1):N(3))], [Cu2(C5H3O2S)4(C6H9N3O2)]n, (II). In (I), the Co(II) ion has a distorted tetrahedral coordination environment involving one O atom from a monodentate 2-TPC ligand, one N atom from an OMP ligand, one chloride ligand and one O atom of a water molecule. An additional water molecule is present in the asymmetric unit. The amino group of the coordinated OMP molecule and the coordinated carboxylate O atom of the 2-TPC ligand form an interligand N-H...O hydrogen bond, generating an S(6) ring motif. The pyrimidine molecules also form a base pair [R2(2)(8) motif] via a pair of N-H...N hydrogen bonds. These interactions, together with O-H...O and O-H...Cl hydrogen bonds and π-π stacking interactions, generate a three-dimensional supramolecular architecture. The one

  13. A fluorescence turn-on sensor for iodide based on a thymine-Hg(II)-thymine complex.

    PubMed

    Ma, Boling; Zeng, Fang; Zheng, Fangyuan; Wu, Shuizhu

    2011-12-23

    Iodide plays a vital role in many biological processes, including neurological activity and thyroid function. Due to its physiological relevance, a method for the rapid, sensitive, and selective detection of iodide in food, pharmaceutical products, and biological samples such as urine is of great importance. Herein, we demonstrate a novel and facile strategy for constructing a fluorescence turn-on sensor for iodide based on a T-Hg(II)-T complex (T=thymine). A fluorescent anthracene-thymine dyad (An-T) was synthesized, the binding of which to a mercury(II) ion lead to the formation of a An-T-Hg(II)-T-An complex, thereby quenching the fluorescent emission of this dyad. In this respect, the dyad An-T constituted a fluorescence turn-off sensor for mercury(II) ions in aqueous media. More importantly, it was found that upon addition of iodide, the mercury(II) ion was extracted from the complex due to the even stronger binding between mercury(II) ions and iodide, leading to the release of the free dyad and restoration of the fluorescence. By virtue of this fluorescence quenching and recovery process, the An-T-Hg(II)-T-An complex constitutes a fluorescence turn-on sensor for iodide with a detection limit of 126 nM. Moreover, this sensor is highly selective for iodide over other common anions, and can be used in the determination of iodide in drinking water and biological samples such as urine. This strategy may provide a new approach for sensing some other anions. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. Functional Analyses of the Plant Photosystem I–Light-Harvesting Complex II Supercomplex Reveal That Light-Harvesting Complex II Loosely Bound to Photosystem II Is a Very Efficient Antenna for Photosystem I in State II[W

    PubMed Central

    Galka, Pierre; Santabarbara, Stefano; Khuong, Thi Thu Huong; Degand, Hervé; Morsomme, Pierre; Jennings, Robert C.; Boekema, Egbert J.; Caffarri, Stefano

    2012-01-01

    State transitions are an important photosynthetic short-term response that allows energy distribution balancing between photosystems I (PSI) and II (PSII). In plants when PSII is preferentially excited compared with PSI (State II), part of the major light-harvesting complex LHCII migrates to PSI to form a PSI-LHCII supercomplex. So far, little is known about this complex, mainly due to purification problems. Here, a stable PSI-LHCII supercomplex is purified from Arabidopsis thaliana and maize (Zea mays) plants. It is demonstrated that LHCIIs loosely bound to PSII in State I are the trimers mainly involved in state transitions and become strongly bound to PSI in State II. Specific Lhcb1-3 isoforms are differently represented in the mobile LHCII compared with S and M trimers. Fluorescence analyses indicate that excitation energy migration from mobile LHCII to PSI is rapid and efficient, and the quantum yield of photochemical conversion of PSI-LHCII is substantially unaffected with respect to PSI, despite a sizable increase of the antenna size. An updated PSI-LHCII structural model suggests that the low-energy chlorophylls 611 and 612 in LHCII interact with the chlorophyll 11145 at the interface of PSI. In contrast with the common opinion, we suggest that the mobile pool of LHCII may be considered an intimate part of the PSI antenna system that is displaced to PSII in State I. PMID:22822202

  15. Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of Benzimidazole-Derived Biocompatible Copper(II) and Zinc(II) Complexes as Anticancer Chemotherapeutics

    PubMed Central

    AlAjmi, Mohamed F.; Hussain, Afzal; Khan, Azmat Ali; Shaikh, Perwez Alam; Khan, Rais Ahmad

    2018-01-01

    Herein, we have synthesized and characterized a new benzimidazole-derived “BnI” ligand and its copper(II) complex, [Cu(BnI)2], 1, and zinc(II) complex, [Zn(BnI)2], 2, using elemental analysis and various spectroscopic techniques. Interaction of complexes 1 and 2 with the biomolecules viz. HSA (human serum albumin) and DNA were studied using absorption titration, fluorescence techniques, and in silico molecular docking studies. The results exhibited the significant binding propensity of both complexes 1 and 2, but complex 1 showed more avid binding to HSA and DNA. Also, the nuclease activity of 1 and 2 was analyzed for pBR322 DNA, and the results obtained confirmed the potential of the complexes to cleave DNA. Moreover, the mechanistic pathway was studied in the presence of various radical scavengers, which revealed that ROS (reactive oxygen species) are responsible for the nuclease activity in complex 1, whereas in complex 2, the possibility of hydrolytic cleavage also exists. Furthermore, the cytotoxicity of the ligand and complexes 1 and 2 were studied on a panel of five different human cancer cells, namely: HepG2, SK-MEL-1, HT018, HeLa, and MDA-MB 231, and compared with the standard drug, cisplatin. The results are quite promising against MDA-MB 231 (breast cancer cell line of 1), with an IC50 value that is nearly the same as the standard drug. Apoptosis was induced by complex 1 on MDA-MB 231 cells predominantly as studied by flow cytometry (FACS). The adhesion and migration of cancer cells were also examined upon treatment of complexes 1 and 2. Furthermore, the in vivo chronic toxicity profile of complexes 1 and 2 was also studied on all of the major organs of the mice, and found them to be less toxic. Thus, the results warrant further investigations of complex 1. PMID:29772746

  16. Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of Benzimidazole-Derived Biocompatible Copper(II) and Zinc(II) Complexes as Anticancer Chemotherapeutics.

    PubMed

    AlAjmi, Mohamed F; Hussain, Afzal; Rehman, Md Tabish; Khan, Azmat Ali; Shaikh, Perwez Alam; Khan, Rais Ahmad

    2018-05-16

    Herein, we have synthesized and characterized a new benzimidazole-derived "BnI" ligand and its copper(II) complex, [Cu(BnI)₂], 1 , and zinc(II) complex, [Zn(BnI)₂], 2 , using elemental analysis and various spectroscopic techniques. Interaction of complexes 1 and 2 with the biomolecules viz. HSA (human serum albumin) and DNA were studied using absorption titration, fluorescence techniques, and in silico molecular docking studies. The results exhibited the significant binding propensity of both complexes 1 and 2 , but complex 1 showed more avid binding to HSA and DNA. Also, the nuclease activity of 1 and 2 was analyzed for pBR322 DNA, and the results obtained confirmed the potential of the complexes to cleave DNA. Moreover, the mechanistic pathway was studied in the presence of various radical scavengers, which revealed that ROS (reactive oxygen species) are responsible for the nuclease activity in complex 1 , whereas in complex 2 , the possibility of hydrolytic cleavage also exists. Furthermore, the cytotoxicity of the ligand and complexes 1 and 2 were studied on a panel of five different human cancer cells, namely: HepG2, SK-MEL-1, HT018, HeLa, and MDA-MB 231, and compared with the standard drug, cisplatin. The results are quite promising against MDA-MB 231 (breast cancer cell line of 1 ), with an IC 50 value that is nearly the same as the standard drug. Apoptosis was induced by complex 1 on MDA-MB 231 cells predominantly as studied by flow cytometry (FACS). The adhesion and migration of cancer cells were also examined upon treatment of complexes 1 and 2 . Furthermore, the in vivo chronic toxicity profile of complexes 1 and 2 was also studied on all of the major organs of the mice, and found them to be less toxic. Thus, the results warrant further investigations of complex 1 .

  17. Tuning Magnetic Anisotropy Through Ligand Substitution in Five-Coordinate Co(II) Complexes.

    PubMed

    Schweinfurth, David; Krzystek, J; Atanasov, Mihail; Klein, Johannes; Hohloch, Stephan; Telser, Joshua; Demeshko, Serhiy; Meyer, Franc; Neese, Frank; Sarkar, Biprajit

    2017-05-01

    Understanding the origin of magnetic anisotropy and having the ability to tune it are essential needs of the rapidly developing field of molecular magnetism. Such attempts at determining the origin of magnetic anisotropy and its tuning are still relatively infrequent. One candidate for such attempts are mononuclear Co(II) complexes, some of which have recently been shown to possess slow relaxation of their magnetization. In this contribution we present four different five-coordinated Co(II) complexes, 1-4, that contain two different "click" derived tetradentate tripodal ligands and either Cl - or NCS - as an additional, axial ligand. The geometric structures of all four complexes are very similar. Despite this, major differences are observed in their electronic structures and hence in their magnetic properties as well. A combination of temperature dependent susceptibility measurements and high-frequency and -field EPR (HFEPR) spectroscopy was used to accurately determine the magnetic properties of these complexes, expressed through the spin Hamiltonian parameters: g-values and zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters D and E. A combination of optical d-d absorption spectra together with ligand field theory was used to determine the B and Dq values of the complexes. Additionally, state of the art quantum chemical calculations were applied to obtain bonding parameters and to determine the origin of magnetic anisotropy in 1-4. This combined approach showed that the D values in these complexes are in the range from -9 to +9 cm -1 . Correlations have been drawn between the bonding nature of the ligands and the magnitude and sign of D. These results will thus have consequences for generating novel Co(II) complexes with tunable magnetic anisotropy and hence contribute to the field of molecular magnetism.

  18. Quantum-chemical, NMR, FT IR, and ESI MS studies of complexes of colchicine with Zn(II).

    PubMed

    Jankowski, Wojciech; Kurek, Joanna; Barczyński, Piotr; Hoffmann, Marcin

    2017-04-01

    Colchicine is a tropolone alkaloid from Colchicinum autumnale. It shows antifibrotic, antimitotic, and anti-inflammatory activities, and is used to treat gout and Mediterranean fever. In this work, complexes of colchicine with zinc(II) nitrate were synthesized and investigated using DFT, 1 H and 13 C NMR, FT IR, and ESI MS. The counterpoise-corrected and uncorrected interaction energies of these complexes were calculated. We also calculated their 1 H, 13 C NMR, and IR spectra and compared them with the corresponding experimentally obtained data. According to the ESI MS mass spectra, colchicine forms stable complexes with zinc(II) nitrate that have various stoichiometries: 2:1, 1:1:1, and 2:1:1 with respect to colchichine, Zn(II), and nitrate ion. All of the complexes were investigated using the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM). The calculated and the measured spectra showed differences before and after the complexation process. Calculated electron densities and bond critical points indicated the presence of bonds between the ligands and the central cation in the investigated complexes that satisfied the quantum theory of atoms in molecules. Graphical Abstract DFT, NMR, FT IR, ESI MS, QTAIM and puckering studies of complexes of colchicine with Zn(II).

  19. Redox chemistry of nickel(II) complexes supported by a series of noninnocent β-diketiminate ligands.

    PubMed

    Takaichi, June; Morimoto, Yuma; Ohkubo, Kei; Shimokawa, Chizu; Hojo, Takayuki; Mori, Seiji; Asahara, Haruyasu; Sugimoto, Hideki; Fujieda, Nobutaka; Nishiwaki, Nagatoshi; Fukuzumi, Shunichi; Itoh, Shinobu

    2014-06-16

    Nickel complexes of a series of β-diketiminate ligands ((R)L(-), deprotonated form of 2-substituted N-[3-(phenylamino)allylidene]aniline derivatives (R)LH, R = Me, H, Br, CN, and NO2) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. One-electron oxidation of the neutral complexes [Ni(II)((R)L(-))2] by AgSbF6 or [Ru(III)(bpy)3](PF6)3 (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) gave the corresponding metastable cationic complexes, which exhibit an EPR spectrum due to a doublet species (S = 1/2) and a characteristic absorption band in near IR region ascribable to a ligand-to-ligand intervalence charge-transfer (LLIVCT) transition. DFT calculations have indicated that the divalent oxidation state of nickel ion (Ni(II)) is retained, whereas one of the β-diketiminate ligands is oxidized to give formally a mixed-valence complex, [Ni(II)((R)L(-))((R)L(•))](+). Thus, the doublet spin state of the oxidized cationic complex can be explained by taking account of the antiferromagnetic interaction between the high-spin nickel(II) ion (S = 1) and the organic radical (S = 1/2) of supporting ligand. A single-crystal structure of one of the cationic complexes (R = H) has been successfully determined to show that both ligands in the cationic complex are structurally equivalent. On the basis of theoretical analysis of the LLIVCT band and DFT calculations as well as the crystal structure, the mixed-valence complexes have been assigned to Robin-Day class III species, where the radical spin is equally delocalized between the two ligands to give the cationic complex, which is best described as [Ni(II)((R)L(0.5•-))2](+). One-electron reduction of the neutral complexes with decamethylcobaltocene gave the anionic complexes when the ligand has the electron-withdrawing substituent (R = CN, NO2, Br). The generated anionic complexes exhibited EPR spectra due to a doublet species (S = 1/2) but showed no LLIVCT band in the near-IR region. Thus, the reduced complexes are best described as the d(9) nickel

  20. Effects of ancillary ligands on selectivity of protein labeling with platinum(II) chloro complexes

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Zhou, Xia-Ying.

    1990-02-01

    Potassium (2,6-pyridinedicarboxylato)chloroplatinate(II) was synthesized. The molecular structure of the complex in (n-Bu){sub 4}N(Pt(dipic)Cl){center dot}0.5H{sub 2}O was determined by x-ray crystallography. The (Pt(dipic)Cl){sup {minus}} is essentially planar and contains a Pt(II) atom, a tridentate dipicolinate dianion ligand, and a unidentate Cl{sup {minus}} ligand. The bis(bidentate) complex trans-(Pt(dipic){sub 2}){sup 2{minus}} was also observed by {sup 1}H NMR. A red gel-like substance was observed when the yellow aqueous solution of K(Pt(dipic)Cl) was cooled or concentrated. The K(Pt(dipic)Cl) molecules form stacks in the solid state and gel-like substance but remain monomeric over a wide range of concentrations and temperatures. The reactivity and selectivity of(Pt(dipic)Cl){supmore » {minus}} toward cytochromes c from horse and tuna were studied. The new transition-metal reagent is specific for methionine residues. Di(2-pyridyl-{beta}-ethyl)sulfidochloroplatinum(II) chloride dihydrate was also synthesized. This complex labels histidine and methionine residues in cytochrome c. The ancillary ligands in these platinum(II) complexes clearly determine the selectivity of protein labeling. 106 refs., 10 figs., 11 tabs.« less

  1. A Bispidol Chelator with a Phosphonate Pendant Arm: Synthesis, Cu(II) Complexation, and 64Cu Labeling.

    PubMed

    Gillet, Raphaël; Roux, Amandine; Brandel, Jérémy; Huclier-Markai, Sandrine; Camerel, Franck; Jeannin, Olivier; Nonat, Aline M; Charbonnière, Loïc J

    2017-10-02

    Here we present the synthesis and characterization of a new bispidine (3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane) ligand with N-methanephosphonate substituents (L 2 ). Its physicochemical properties in water, as well as those of the corresponding Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes, have been evaluated by using UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, potentiometry, 1 H and 31 P NMR, and cyclic voltammetry. Radiolabeling experiments with 64 Cu II have been carried out, showing excellent radiolabeling properties. Quantitative complexation was achieved within 60 min under stoichiometric conditions, at room temperature and in the nanomolar concentration range. It was also demonstrated that the complexation occurred below pH 2. Properties have been compared to those of the analogue bispidol bearing a N-methanecarboxylate substituent (L 1 ). Although both systems meet the required criteria to be used as new chelator for 64/67 Cu in terms of the kinetics of formation, thermodynamic stability, selectivity for Cu(II), and kinetic inertness regarding redox- or acid-assisted decomplexation processes, substitution of the carboxylic acid function by the phosphonic moiety is responsible for a significant increase in the thermodynamic stability of the Cu(II) complex (+2 log units for pCu) and also leads to an increase in the radiochemical yields with 64 Cu II which is quantitative for L 2 .

  2. Design, spectral characterization and biological studies of transition metal(II) complexes with triazole Schiff bases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanif, Muhammad; Chohan, Zahid H.

    2013-03-01

    A new series of three biologically active triazole derived Schiff base ligands L1-L3 have been synthesized in equimolar reaction of 3-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazole with pyrrol-2-carboxaldehyde, 4-bromo-thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde, and 5-iodo-2-hydroxy benzaldehyde. The prepared Schiff bases were used for further complex formation reaction with different metal elements like Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) as chlorides by using a molar ratio of ligand:metal as 2:1. The structure and bonding nature of all the compounds were identified by their physical, spectral and analytical data. All the metal(II) complexes possessed an octahedral geometry except the Cu(II) complexes which showed a distorted octahedral geometry. All the synthesized compounds, were studied for their in vitro antibacterial, and antifungal activities, against four Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Shigella sonnei, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhi) and two Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus) bacterial strains and against six fungal strains (Trichophyton longifusus, Candida albicans, Aspergillus flavus, Microsporum canis, Fusarium solani and Candida glabrata) by using agar-well diffusion method. It has been shown that all the synthesized compounds showed moderate to significant antibacterial activity against one or more bacterial strains. In vitro Brine Shrimp bioassay was also carried out to investigate the cytotoxic properties of these compounds. The data also revealed that the metal complexes showed better activity than the ligands due to chelation/coordination.

  3. Virus inactivation under the photodynamic effect of phthalocyanine zinc(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Remichkova, Mimi; Mukova, Luchia; Nikolaeva-Glomb, Lubomira; Nikolova, Nadya; Doumanova, Lubka; Mantareva, Vanya; Angelov, Ivan; Kussovski, Veselin; Galabov, Angel S

    2017-03-01

    Various metal phthalocyanines have been studied for their capacity for photodynamic effects on viruses. Two newly synthesized water-soluble phthalocyanine Zn(II) complexes with different charges, cationic methylpyridyloxy-substituted Zn(II)- phthalocyanine (ZnPcMe) and anionic sulfophenoxy-substituted Zn(II)-phthalocyanine (ZnPcS), were used for photoinactivation of two DNA-containing enveloped viruses (herpes simplex virus type 1 and vaccinia virus), two RNA-containing enveloped viruses (bovine viral diarrhea virus and Newcastle disease virus) and two nude viruses (the enterovirus Coxsackie B1, a RNA-containing virus, and human adenovirus 5, a DNA virus). These two differently charged phthalocyanine complexes showed an identical marked virucidal effect against herpes simplex virus type 1, which was one and the same at an irradiation lasting 5 or 20 min (Δlog=3.0 and 4.0, respectively). Towards vaccinia virus this effect was lower, Δlog=1.8 under the effect of ZnPcMe and 2.0 for ZnPcS. Bovine viral diarrhea virus manifested a moderate sensitivity to ZnPcMe (Δlog=1.8) and a pronounced one to ZnPcS at 5- and 20-min irradiation (Δlog=5.8 and 5.3, respectively). The complexes were unable to inactivate Newcastle disease virus, Coxsackievirus B1 and human adenovirus type 5.

  4. Synthesis, characterization, computational studies, antimicrobial activities and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor effects of 2-hydroxy acetophenone-N-methyl p-toluenesulfonylhydrazone and its Co(II), Pd(II), Pt(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Özbek, Neslihan; Alyar, Saliha; Memmi, Burcu Koçak; Gündüzalp, Ayla Balaban; Bahçeci, Zafer; Alyar, Hamit

    2017-01-01

    2-Hydroxyacetophenone-N-methyl p-toluenesulfonylhydrazone (afptsmh) derived from p-toluenesulfonicacid-1-methylhydrazide (ptsmh) and its Co(II), Pd(II), Pt(II) complexes were synthesized for the first time. Synthesized compounds were characterized by spectroscopic methods (FT-IR, 1Hsbnd 13C NMR, LC-MS, UV-vis), magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements. 1H and 13C shielding tensors for crystal structure of ligand were calculated with GIAO/DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) methods in CDCl3. The vibrational band assignments were performed at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) theory level combined with scaled quantum mechanics force field (SQMFF) methodology. The antibacterial activities of synthesized compounds were studied against some Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria by using microdilution and disc diffusion methods. In vitro enzyme inhibitory effects of the compounds were measured by UV-vis spectrophotometer. The enzyme activities against human carbonic anhydrase II (hCA II) were evaluated as IC50 (the half maximal inhibitory concentration) values. It was found that afptsmh and its metal complexes have inhibitory effects on hCA II isoenzyme. General esterase activities were determined using alpha and beta naphtyl acetate substrates (α- and β-NAs) of Drosophila melanogaster (D. melanogaster). Activity results show that afptsmh does not strongly affect the bacteria strains and also shows poor inhibitory activity against hCAII isoenzyme whereas all complexes posses higher biological activities.

  5. Spectroscopic and electrochemical characterization of some Schiff base metal complexes containing benzoin moiety.

    PubMed

    El-Shahawi, M S; Al-Jahdali, M S; Bashammakh, A S; Al-Sibaai, A A; Nassef, H M

    2013-09-01

    The ligation behavior of bis-benzoin ethylenediamine (B2ED) and benzoin thiosemicarbazone (BTS) Schiff bases towards Ru(3+), Rh(3+), Pd(2+), Ni(2+) and Cu(2+) were determined. The bond length of M-N and spectrochemical parameters (10Dq, β, B and LFSE) of the complexes were evaluated. The redox characteristics of selected complexes were explored by cyclic voltammetry (CV) at Pt working electrode in non aqueous solvents. Au mesh (100 w/in.) optically transparent thin layer electrode (OTTLE) was also used for recording thin layer CV for selected Ru complex. Oxidation of some complexes occurs in a consecutive chemical reaction of an EC type mechanism. The characteristics of electron transfer process of the couples M(2+)/M(3+) and M(3+)/M(4+) (M=Ru(3+), Rh(3+)) and the stability of the complexes towards oxidation and/or reduction were assigned. The nature of the electroactive species and reduction mechanism of selected electrode couples were assigned. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Synthesis, molecular docking and DNA binding studies of phthalimide-based copper(II) complex: In vitro antibacterial, hemolytic and antioxidant assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arif, Rizwan; Nayab, Pattan Sirajuddin; Ansari, Istikhar A.; Shahid, M.; Irfan, Mohammad; Alam, Shadab; Abid, Mohammad; Rahisuddin

    2018-05-01

    In the present research work, we prepared N-substituted phthalimide, 2-(-(2-(2-(2-(1,3-dioxoisoindoline-2-yl-ethylamino)ethylamino)ethyl)isoindoline-1,3-dione (DEEI) and its copper(II) complex. The ligand (DEEI) and its Cu(II) complex were structurally identified using absorption, FTIR, NMR, electron spin resonance, X-ray diffraction spectral studies, thermogravimetric and elemental analyses. The electronic spectrum and magnetic moment value proposed that Cu(II) complex has square planar geometry. The DNA interaction ability of the ligand (DEEI) and Cu(II) complex was studied by means of absorption and fluorescence spectrophotometer, viscosity measurements, cyclic voltammetery, and circular dichroism methods. The extent of DNA binding (Kb) with Calf thymus (Ct-DNA) follows the order of Cu(II) complex (1.11 × 106 M-1) > DEEI (1.0 × 105 M-1), indicating that Cu(II) complex interact with Ct-DNA through groove binding mode and more sturdily than ligand (DEEI). Interestingly, in silico predictions were corroborated with in vitro DNA binding studies. The antibacterial evaluation of these compounds was screened against a panel of bacterial strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MTCC 2453), Salmonella enterica (MTCC 3224), Streptococcus pneumoniae (MTCC 655), Enterococcus faecalis (MTCC 439), Klebsiella pneumonia and Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922). The results showed that the copper(II) complex has significant antibacterial potential (IC50 = 0.0019 μg/mL) against Salmonella enteric comparable with ligand (DEEI) and standard drug ciprofloxacin. Growth curve study of Cu(II) complex against only three bacterial strains S. enterica, E. faecalis and S. pneumoniae showed its bactericidal nature. Cu(II) complex showed less than 2% hemolysis on human RBCs indicating its non toxic nature. The results of antioxidant assay demonstrated that scavenging activity of Cu(II) complex is higher as compared to ligand and ascorbic acid as standard.

  7. Synthesis, X-ray structure and cytotoxic effect of nickel(II) complexes with pyrazole ligands.

    PubMed

    Sobiesiak, Marta; Lorenz, Ingo-Peter; Mayer, Peter; Woźniczka, Magdalena; Kufelnicki, Aleksander; Krajewska, Urszula; Rozalski, Marek; Budzisz, Elzbieta

    2011-12-01

    Here we present the synthesis of the new Ni(II) complexes with chelating ligands 1-benzothiazol-2-yl-3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazole (a), 5-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-3-methyl-1-(2-pyridylo)-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester (b) and 1-benzothiazol-2-yl-5-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester (c). These ligands a-c create solid complexes with Ni(II). The crystal and molecular structures of two complexes were determined by X-ray diffraction method. Thermal stability of two complexes with ligand c by TG/DTG and DSC methods were also shown. Cytotoxic activity of all the complexes against three tumour cell lines and to normal endothelial cells (HUVEC) was also estimated. Complexes with ligand c exhibited relatively high cytotoxic activity towards HL-60 and NALM-6 leukaemia cells and WM-115 melanoma cells. Cytotoxic effectiveness of one of these complexes against melanoma WM-115 cells was two times higher than that of cisplatin. The protonation constant log K=9.63 of ligand b corresponding to the phenol 2-hydroxy group has been determined in 10% (v/v) DMSO/water solution (25°C). The coordination modes (formation of two monomeric species: NiL and NiL(2)) in the complexes with Ni(II) are discussed for b on the basis of the potentiometric and UV/Vis data. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  8. Palladium(II) complexes with highly basic imidazolin-2-imines and their reactivity toward small bio-molecules.

    PubMed

    Bogojeski, Jovana; Volbeda, Jeroen; Freytag, Matthias; Tamm, Matthias; Bugarčić, Živadin D

    2015-10-21

    A series of novel Pd(ii) complexes with chelating mono(imidazolin-2-imine) and bis(imidazolin-2-imine) ligands were synthesized. The crystal structures of [Pd(DMEAIm(iPr))Cl2] and [Pd(DPENIm(iPr))Cl2] were determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. The reactivity of the six Pd(ii) complexes, namely, [Pd(en)Cl2], [Pd(EAIm(iPr))Cl2], [Pd(DMEAIm(iPr))Cl2], [Pd(DPENIm(iPr))Cl2], [Pd(BL(iPr))Cl2] and [Pd(DACH(Im(iPr))2)Cl2], were investigated. Spectrophotometric acid-base titrations were performed to determine the pKa values of the coordinated water molecules in [Pd(en)(H2O)2](2+), [Pd(EAIm(iPr))(H2O)2](2+), [Pd(DMEAIm(iPr))(H2O)2](2+), [Pd(DPENIm(iPr))(H2O)2](2+), [Pd(BL(iPr))(H2O)2](2+) and [Pd(DACH(Im(iPr))2)(H2O)2](2+). The substitution of the chloride ligands in these complexes by TU, l-Met, l-His and Gly was studied under pseudo-first-order conditions as a function of the nucleophile concentration and temperature using stopped-flow techniques; the sulfur-donor nucleophiles have shown better reactivity than nitrogen-donor nucleophiles. The obtained results indicate that there is a clear correlation between the nature of the imidazolin-2-imine ligands and the acid-base characteristics and reactivity of the resulting Pd(ii) complexes; the order of reactivity of the investigated Pd(ii) complexes is: [Pd(en)Cl2] > [Pd(EAIm(iPr))Cl2] > [Pd(DMEAIm(iPr))Cl2] > [Pd(DPENIm(iPr))Cl2] > [Pd(BL(iPr))Cl2] > [Pd(DACH(Im(iPr))2)Cl2]. The solubility measurements revealed good solubility of the studied imidazolin-2-imine complexes in water, despite the fact that these Pd(ii) complexes are neutral complexes. Based on the performed studies, three unusual features of the novel imidazolin-2-imine Pd(ii) complexes are observed, that is, good solubility in water, very low reactivity and high pKa values. The coordination geometries around the palladium atoms are distorted square-planar; the [Pd(DMEAIm(iPr))Cl2] complex displays Pd-N distances of 2.013(2) and 2.076(2) Å, while the [Pd

  9. Pyrazolate-based copper(II) and nickel(II) [2 x 2] grid complexes: protonation-dependent self-assembly, structures and properties.

    PubMed

    Klingele, Julia; Prikhod'ko, Alexander I; Leibeling, Guido; Demeshko, Serhiy; Dechert, Sebastian; Meyer, Franc

    2007-05-28

    The pyrazole-based diamide ligand N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)pyrazole-3,5-dicarboxamide (H(3)L) has been structurally characterised and successfully employed in the preparation of [2 x 2] grid-type complexes. Thus, the reaction of H(3)L with Cu(ClO(4))2.6H(2)O or Ni(ClO(4))2.6H(2)O in the presence of added base (NaOH) affords the tetranuclear complexes [M(4)(HL(4))].8H(2)O (1: M = Cu, 2: M = Ni). Employment of a mixture of the two metal salts under otherwise identical reaction conditions leads to the formation of the mixed-metal species [Cu(x)Ni(4-x)(HL)(4)].8H(2)O (xComplexes 1-3 have been structurally characterised and found to be isomorphous, with each ligand strand acting as a hybrid N3-NO chelator. The copper ions in 1 are in a distorted square-pyramidal N(4)O coordination environment with rather long M-O(apical) distances. The coordination sphere about the nickel ions in 2 is roughly the same, but with even longer M...O distances, and it is therefore best described as N4 square-planar with low-spin nickel(II) ions. The single crystal X-ray data obtained for the mixed-metal complex 3 gave the best results assuming a statistical distribution of copper and nickel ions. X-Band EPR spectra of 1 and 2 indicate magnetically coupled copper(II) ions and low-spin nickel(II), respectively. EPR spectra of a powdered sample of a complex with the general formulation [Cu(x)Ni(4-x)(HL)4].8H(2)O with a large excess of Ni(2+) (95%) was shown to be characteristic for individual copper(II) ions in the tetranuclear grid system. Magnetic susceptibility data of 1 indicate weak antiferromagnetic spin coupling between the copper ions (J = -8.2 +/- 0.4 cm(-1)), which is explained by the particular spatial arrangement of the magnetic orbitals.

  10. Electron paramagnetic resonance and density-functional theory studies of Cu(II)-bis(oxamato) complexes.

    PubMed

    Bräuer, Björn; Weigend, Florian; Fittipaldi, Maria; Gatteschi, Dante; Reijerse, Edward J; Guerri, Annalisa; Ciattini, Samuele; Salvan, Georgeta; Rüffer, Tobias

    2008-08-04

    In this work we present the investigation of the influence of electronic and structural variations induced by varying the N,N'-bridge on the magnetic properties of Cu(II)- bis(oxamato) complexes. For this study the complexes [Cu(opba)] (2-) ( 1, opba = o-phenylene- bis(oxamato)), [Cu(nabo)] (2-) ( 2, nabo = 2,3-naphthalene- bis(oxamato)), [Cu(acbo)] (2-) ( 3, acbo = 2,3-anthrachinone- bis(oxamato)), [Cu(pba)] (2-) ( 4, pba = propylene- bis(oxamato)), [Cu(obbo)] (2-) ( 5, obbo = o-benzyl- bis(oxamato)), and [Cu(npbo)] (2-) ( 6, npbo = 1,8-naphthalene- bis(oxamato)), and the respective structurally isomorphic Ni(II) complexes ( 8- 13) have been prepared as ( (n)Bu 4N) (+) salts. The new complex ( (n)Bu 4N) 2[Cu(R-bnbo)].2H 2O ( 7, R-bnbo = (R)-1,1'-binaphthalene-2,2'- bis(oxamato)) was synthesized and is the first chiral complex in the series of Cu(II)-bis(oxamato) complexes. The molecular structure of 7 has been determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. The Cu(II) ions of the complexes 1- 7 are eta (4)(kappa (2) N, kappa (2) O) coordinated with a more or less distorted square planar geometry for 1- 6 and a distorted tetrahedral geometry for 7. Using pulsed Electron Nuclear Double Resonance on complex 6, detailed information about the relative orientation of the hyperfine ( A) and nuclear quadrupole tensors ( Q) of the coordinating nitrogens with respect to the g tensor were obtained. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance studies in the X, Q, and W-band at variable temperatures were carried out to extract g and A values of N ligands and Cu ion for 1- 7. The hyperfine values were interpreted in terms of spin population on the corresponding atoms. The obtained trends of the spin population for the monomeric building blocks were shown to correlate to the trends obtained in the dependence of the exchange interaction of the corresponding trinuclear complexes on their geometry.

  11. Three-dimensional structure of photosystem II from Thermosynechococcus elongates in complex with terbutryn

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Gabdulkhakov, A. G., E-mail: azat@vega.protes.ru; Dontsova, M. V.; Saenger, W.

    Photosystem II is a key component of the photosynthetic pathway producing oxygen at the thylakoid membrane of cyanobacteria, green algae, and plants. The three-dimensional structure of photosystem II from the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongates in a complex with herbicide terbutryn (a photosynthesis inhibitor) was determined for the first time by X-ray diffraction and refined at 3.2 Angstrom-Sign resolution (R{sub factor} = 26.9%, R{sub free} = 29.9%, rmsd for bond lengths is 0.013 Angstrom-Sign , and rmsd for bond angles is 2.2 Degree-Sign ). The terbutryn molecule was located in the binding pocket of the mobile plastoquinone. The atomic coordinates of themore » refined structure of photosystem II in a complex with terbutryn were deposited in the Protein Data Bank.« less

  12. Synthesis and antitumor activity of seleno- and thio-purines complexed with cis-diamminoplatinum (II).

    PubMed

    Maeda, M; Abiko, N; Sasaki, T

    1982-02-01

    cis-Diamminoplatinum (II) complexes with selenoguanine, thioguanine, 6-thioxanthine, or 6-mercaptopurine were synthesized by the reaction of stoichiometric amounts of selenopurine or thiopurine with aquated cis-dichlorodimmineplatinum (II) in slightly acidic medium, and their antitumor activity was studied against L1210 cells in mice. These compounds exhibited a medium antitumor activity with very low toxicity. The antitumor activity was dependent on the nature of the purine ligand. These complexes were very stable in various aqueous solvents at 37 degrees C for 10 d but not in the presence of mouse serum. The mechanism of the action effected by the complex is not clear. However, the slow release of an antitumor active purine from the complex, SeG-Pt (NH3)2, was observed.

  13. Synthesis and Characterization of Dimethylbis(2-pyridyl)borate Nickel(II) Complexes: Unimolecular Square-Planar to Square-Planar Rotation around Nickel(II)

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The syntheses of novel dimethylbis(2-pyridyl)borate nickel(II) complexes 4 and 6 are reported. These complexes were unambiguously characterized by X-ray analysis. In dichloromethane solvent, complex 4 undergoes a unique square-planar to square-planar rotation around the nickel(II) center, for which activation parameters of ΔH⧧ = 12.2(1) kcal mol–1 and ΔS⧧ = 0.8(5) eu were measured via NMR inversion recovery experiments. Complex 4 was also observed to isomerize via a relatively slow ring flip: ΔH⧧ = 15.0(2) kcal mol–1; and ΔS⧧ = −4.2(7) eu. DFT studies support the experimentally measured rotation activation energy (cf. calculated ΔH⧧ = 11.1 kcal mol–1) as well as the presence of a high-energy triplet intermediate (ΔH = 8.8 kcal mol–1). PMID:24882919

  14. New copper(II) complexes with dopamine hydrochloride and vanillymandelic acid: Spectroscopic and thermal characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamed, Gehad G.; Nour El-Dien, F. A.; El-Nahas, R. G.

    2011-10-01

    The dopamine derivatives participate in the regulation of wide variety of physiological functions in the human body and in medication life. Increase and/or decrease in the concentration of dopamine in human body reflect an indication for diseases such as Schizophrenia and/or Parkinson diseases. The Cu(II) chelates with coupled products of dopamine hydrochloride (DO.HCl) and vanillymandelic acid (VMA) with 4-aminoantipyrine (4-AAP) are prepared and characterized. Different physico-chemical techniques namely IR, magnetic and UV-vis spectra are used to investigate the structure of these chelates. Cu(II) forms 1:1 (Cu:DO) and 1:2 (Cu:VMA) chelates. DO behave as a uninegative tridentate ligand in binding to the Cu(II) ion while VMA behaves as a uninegative bidentate ligand. IR spectra show that the DO is coordinated to the Cu(II) ion in a tridentate manner with ONO donor sites of the phenolic- OH, -NH and carbonyl- O, while VMA is coordinated with OO donor sites of the phenolic- OH and -NH. Magnetic moment measurements reveal the presence of Cu(II) chelates in octahedral and square planar geometries with DO and VMA, respectively. The thermal decomposition of Cu(II) complexes is studied using thermogravimetric (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) techniques. The activation thermodynamic parameters, such as, energy of activation, enthalpy, entropy and free energy change of the complexes are evaluated and the relative thermal stability of the complexes are discussed.

  15. Synthesis, characterization and extraction studies of some metal (II) complexes containing (hydrazoneoxime and bis-acylhydrazone) moieties.

    PubMed

    Al-Ne'aimi, Mohammed Mahmmod; Al-Khuder, Mohammed Moudar

    2013-03-15

    In this study, diacetylmonoximebenzoylhydrazone (L(1)H(2)) and 1,4-diacetylbenzene bis(benzoyl hydrazone) (L(2)H(2)) were synthesized by the condensation of benzohydrazide with diacetyl monoxime and 1,4-diacetylbenzene, respectively. Complexes of these ligands with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) inos were prepared with a metal:ligand ratio of 1:2 for L(1)H(2) ligand, and 1:1 for L(2)H(2) ligand. The ligands and their complexes were elucidated on the basis of elemental analyses CHN, AAS, FT-IR, (1)H- and (13)C NMR spectra, UV-vis spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Results show the L(1)H(2) ligand act as monoanionic O,N,N-tridentate and coordination takes place in the enol form through the oxime nitrogen, the imine nitrogen and the enolate oxygen atoms with a N(4)O(2) donor environment, while the L(2)H(2) ligand act as a dianionic O,N,N,O-tetradentate and coordination takes place in the enol form through the enolate oxygen and the azomethine nitrogen atoms with a N(2)O(2) donor environment. These results are consistent with the formation of mononuclear metal (II) complexes [M(L(1)H)(2)], and binuclear polymeric metal (II) complexes [{M(2)(L(2))}(n)]. The extraction ability of both ligands were examined in chloroform by the liquid-liquid extraction of selected transition metal [Co(2+), Ni(2+), Cu(2+), Zn(2+) and Pb(2+)] cations. The effects of pH and contact time on the percentage extraction of metal (II) ions were studied under the optimum extraction conditions. The (L(1)H(2)) ligand shows strong binding ability toward copper(II) and lead(II) ions, while the (L(2)H(2)) ligand shows strong binding ability toward nickel(II) and zinc(II) ions. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Polydisulfide Manganese(II) Complexes as Non-Gadolinium Biodegradable Macromolecular MRI Contrast Agents

    PubMed Central

    Ye, Zhen; Jeong, Eun-Kee; Wu, Xueming; Tan, Mingqian; Yin, Shouyu; Lu, Zheng-Rong

    2011-01-01

    Purpose To develop safe and effective manganese(II) based biodegradable macromolecular MRI contrast agents. Materials and Methods In this study, we synthesized and characterized two polydisulfide manganese(II) complexes, Mn-DTPA cystamine copolymers and Mn-EDTA cystamine copolymers, as new biodegradable macromolecular MRI contrast agents. The contrast enhancement of the two manganese based contrast agents were evaluated in mice bearing MDA-MB-231 human breast carcinoma xenografts, in comparison with MnCl2. Results The T1 and T2 relaxivities were 4.74 and 10.38 mM−1s−1 per manganese at 3T for Mn-DTPA cystamine copolymers (Mn=30.50 kDa) and 6.41 and 9.72 mM−1s−1 for Mn-EDTA cystamine copolymers (Mn= 61.80 kDa). Both polydisulfide Mn(II) complexes showed significant liver, myocardium and tumor enhancement. Conclusion The manganese based polydisulfide contrast agents have a potential to be developed as alternative non-gadolinium contrast agents for MR cancer and myocardium imaging. PMID:22031457

  17. Spectroscopic investigation of new water soluble Mn(II)(2) and Mg(II)(2) complexes for the substrate binding models of xylose/glucose isomerases.

    PubMed

    Patra, Ayan; Bera, Manindranath

    2014-01-30

    In methanol, the reaction of stoichiometric amounts of Mn(OAc)(2)·4H(2)O and the ligand H(3)hpnbpda [H(3)hpnbpda=N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-2-hydroxy-1,3-propanediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid] in the presence of NaOH, afforded a new water soluble dinuclear manganese(II) complex, [Mn2(hpnbpda)(μ-OAc)] (1). Similarly, the reaction of Mg(OAc)(2)·4H(2)O and the ligand H3hpnbpda in the presence of NaOH, in methanol, yielded a new water soluble dinuclear magnesium(II) complex, [Mg2(hpnbpda)(μ-OAc)(H2O)2] (2). DFT calculations have been performed for the structural optimization of complexes 1 and 2. The DFT optimized structure of complex 1 shows that two manganese(II) centers are in a distorted square pyramidal geometry, whereas the DFT optimized structure of complex 2 reveals that two magnesium(II) centers adopt a six-coordinate distorted octahedral geometry. To understand the mode of substrate binding and the mechanistic details of the active site metals in xylose/glucose isomerases (XGI), we have investigated the binding interactions of biologically important monosaccharides d-glucose and d-xylose with complexes 1 and 2, in aqueous alkaline solution by a combined approach of FTIR, UV-vis, fluorescence, and (13)C NMR spectroscopic techniques. Fluorescence spectra show the binding-induced gradual decrease in emission of complexes 1 and 2 accompanied by a significant blue shift upon increasing the concentration of sugar substrates. The binding modes of d-glucose and d-xylose with complex 2 are indicated by their characteristic coordination induced shift (CIS) values in (13)C NMR spectra for C1 and C2 carbon atoms. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Synthesis, characterization and biological investigations of novel Schiff base ligands containing imidazoline moiety and their Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Radha, V. P.; Jone Kirubavathy, S.; Chitra, S.

    2018-08-01

    Novel imidazoline based Schiff base ligands L1 and L2 were synthesized from o-phenylenediamine/o-aminophenol with creatinine. The ligands were complexed with Co(II) and Cu(II) by direct reaction with metal salts. The synthesized ligands and the metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR, mass, electronic, thermal analyses, conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The conductivity measurements showed the non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. The thermogravimetric analyses confirmed the presence of lattice and coordinated water molecules in the complexes. The DFT calculations were carried out at B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level for the determination of the optimized structure of the ligands. The synthesized ligands and the metal complexes were screened for their antimicrobial activity against two gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) and two gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and two fungal strains (Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans). The outcomes revealed that the metal complexes showed pronounced activity than the ligands.

  19. Molecular design of cage iron(II) and cobalt(II,III) complexes with a second fluorine-enriched superhydrophobic shell.

    PubMed

    Belov, Alexander S; Zelinskii, Genrikh E; Varzatskii, Oleg A; Belaya, Irina G; Vologzhanina, Anna V; Dolganov, Alexander V; Novikov, Valentin V; Voloshin, Yan Z

    2015-02-28

    Pentafluorophenylboron-capped iron and cobalt(II) hexachloroclathrochelate precursors were obtained by the one-pot template condensation of dichloroglyoxime with pentafluorophenylboronic acid on iron and cobalt(II) ions under vigorous reaction conditions in trifluoroacetic acid media. These reactive precursors easily undergo nucleophilic substitution with (per)fluoroarylthiolate anions, giving (per)fluoroarylsulfide macrobicyclic complexes with encapsulated iron and cobalt(II) ions; nucleophilic substitution of the cobalt(II) hexachloroclathrochelate precursor with a pentafluorophenylsulfide anion gave the target hexasulfide monoclathrochelate and the mixed-valence Co(III)Co(II)Co(III) bis-clathrochelate as a side product. The complexes obtained were characterized using elemental analysis, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, IR, UV-Vis, (57)Fe Mössbauer (for the X-rayed iron complexes), (1)H, (11)B, (13)C and (19)F NMR spectroscopies and by X-ray diffraction; their redox and electrocatalytic behaviors were studied using cyclic voltammetry and gas chromatography. As can be seen from the single-crystal X-ray diffraction data, the second superhydrophobic shell of such caged metal ions is formed by fluorine atoms of both the apical and ribbed (per)fluoroaryl peripheral groups. The main bond distances and chelate N=C-C=N angles in their molecules are similar, but rotational elongation (contraction) along the molecular C3-pseudoaxes, accompanied by changes in the geometry of the corresponding MN6-coordination polyhedra from a trigonal prism to a trigonal antiprism, allowed encapsulating Fe(2+), Co(2+) and Co(3+) ions. The nature of an encapsulated metal ion and its oxidation state affect the M-N bond lengths, and, for cobalt(ii) clathrochelate with an electronic configuration d(7) the Jahn-Teller structural effect is observed as an alternation of the Co-N distances. Pentafluorophenylboron-capped hexachloroclathrochelate precursors, giving stable catalytically active metal

  20. Design, spectral characterization and biological studies of transition metal(II) complexes with triazole Schiff bases.

    PubMed

    Hanif, Muhammad; Chohan, Zahid H

    2013-03-01

    A new series of three biologically active triazole derived Schiff base ligands L(1)-L(3) have been synthesized in equimolar reaction of 3-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazole with pyrrol-2-carboxaldehyde, 4-bromo-thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde, and 5-iodo-2-hydroxy benzaldehyde. The prepared Schiff bases were used for further complex formation reaction with different metal elements like Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) as chlorides by using a molar ratio of ligand:metal as 2:1. The structure and bonding nature of all the compounds were identified by their physical, spectral and analytical data. All the metal(II) complexes possessed an octahedral geometry except the Cu(II) complexes which showed a distorted octahedral geometry. All the synthesized compounds, were studied for their in vitro antibacterial, and antifungal activities, against four Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Shigella sonnei, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhi) and two Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus) bacterial strains and against six fungal strains (Trichophyton longifusus, Candida albicans, Aspergillus flavus, Microsporum canis, Fusarium solani and Candida glabrata) by using agar-well diffusion method. It has been shown that all the synthesized compounds showed moderate to significant antibacterial activity against one or more bacterial strains. In vitro Brine Shrimp bioassay was also carried out to investigate the cytotoxic properties of these compounds. The data also revealed that the metal complexes showed better activity than the ligands due to chelation/coordination. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. High stability and biological activity of the copper(II) complexes of alloferon 1 analogues containing tryptophan.

    PubMed

    Kadej, Agnieszka; Kuczer, Mariola; Czarniewska, Elżbieta; Urbański, Arkadiusz; Rosiński, Grzegorz; Kowalik-Jankowska, Teresa

    2016-10-01

    Copper(II) complex formation processes between the alloferon 1 (Allo1) (HGVSGHGQHGVHG) analogues where the tryptophan residue is introducing in the place His residue H1W, H6W, H9W and H12W have been studied by potentiometric, UV-visible, CD and EPR spectroscopic, and MS methods. For all analogues of alloferon 1 complex speciation have been obtained for a 1:1 metal-to-ligand molar ratio and 2:1 of H1W because of precipitation at higher (2:1, 3:1 and 4:1) ratios. At physiological pH7.4 and a 1:1 metal-to-ligand molar ratio the tryptophan analogues of alloferon 1 form the CuH -1 L and/or CuH -2 L complexes with the 4N binding mode. The introduction of tryptophan in place of histidine residues changes the distribution diagram of the complexes formed with the change of pH and their stability constants compared to the respective substituted alanine analogues of alloferon 1. The CuH -1 L, CuH -2 L and CuH -3 L complexes of the tryptophan analogues are more stable from 1 to 5 log units in comparison to those of the alanine analogues. This stabilization of the complexes may result from cation(Cu(II))-π and indole/imidazole ring interactions. The induction of apoptosis in vivo, in Tenebrio molitor cells by the ligands and their copper(II) complexes at pH7.4 was studied. The biological results show that copper(II) ions in vivo did not cause any apparent apoptotic features. The most active were the H12W peptide and Cu(II)-H12W complex formed at pH7.4. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Mn(II) Oxidation by the Multicopper Oxidase Complex Mnx: A Coordinated Two-Stage Mn(II)/(III) and Mn(III)/(IV) Mechanism.

    PubMed

    Soldatova, Alexandra V; Romano, Christine A; Tao, Lizhi; Stich, Troy A; Casey, William H; Britt, R David; Tebo, Bradley M; Spiro, Thomas G

    2017-08-23

    The bacterial manganese oxidase MnxG of the Mnx protein complex is unique among multicopper oxidases (MCOs) in carrying out a two-electron metal oxidation, converting Mn(II) to MnO 2 nanoparticles. The reaction occurs in two stages: Mn(II) → Mn(III) and Mn(III) → MnO 2 . In a companion study , we show that the electron transfer from Mn(II) to the low-potential type 1 Cu of MnxG requires an activation step, likely forming a hydroxide bridge at a dinuclear Mn(II) site. Here we study the second oxidation step, using pyrophosphate (PP) as a Mn(III) trap. PP chelates Mn(III) produced by the enzyme and subsequently allows it to become a substrate for the second stage of the reaction. EPR spectroscopy confirms the presence of Mn(III) bound to the enzyme. The Mn(III) oxidation step does not involve direct electron transfer to the enzyme from Mn(III), which is shown by kinetic measurements to be excluded from the Mn(II) binding site. Instead, Mn(III) is proposed to disproportionate at an adjacent polynuclear site, thereby allowing indirect oxidation to Mn(IV) and recycling of Mn(II). PP plays a multifaceted role, slowing the reaction by complexing both Mn(II) and Mn(III) in solution, and also inhibiting catalysis, likely through binding at or near the active site. An overall mechanism for Mnx-catalyzed MnO 2 production from Mn(II) is presented.

  3. Structural, physicochemical characterization, theoretical studies of carboxamides and their Cu(II), Zn(II) complexes having antibacterial activities against E. coli

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aktan, Ebru; Gündüzalp, Ayla Balaban; Özmen, Ümmühan Özdemir

    2017-01-01

    The carboxamides; N,N‧-bis(thiophene-2-carboxamido)-1,3-diaminopropanol (L1) and N,N‧-bis(furan-2-carboxamido)-1,3-diaminopropanol (L2) were synthesized and characterized using 1H NMR, 13C NMR, LC-MS and FT-IR spectrum. The molecular geometries of these molecules were optimized by DFT/B3LYP method with 6-311G(d,p) basis set in Gaussian 09 software. The geometrical parameters, frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) and molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) mapped surfaces were calculated by the same basis set. Dinuclear Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes having general formula as [MLCl]2Cl2.nH2O (in which M = Cu(II),Zn(II); n = 0,2) were also synthesized and characterized using LC-MS and FT-IR spectrum, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA/DTA curves), magnetic moments and molar conductivities. Coordination was found to be through carbonyl oxygen and two chlorine atoms as bridging in distorted tetrahedral geometry. The optimized structures, geometrical parameters, frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) and dipole moments of metal complexes were also obtained by DFT/B3LYP method with LanL2DZ basis set. Antibacterial activities of the compounds were screened against E. coli using microdilution method (MIC's in μg/mL). The activity results show that the corresponding compounds exhibit good to moderate antibacterial effects when compared with sulfamethoxazole and sulfisoxazole antibiotics as positive controls. Also, metal complexes have remarkable increase in their activities than parent ligands against E. coli which is mostly effected by [Cu(L2)Cl]2Cl2 complex as potential antibacterial agent.

  4. Surface reaction of SnII on goethite (α-FeOOH): surface complexation, redox reaction, reductive dissolution, and phase transformation.

    PubMed

    Dulnee, Siriwan; Scheinost, Andreas C

    2014-08-19

    To elucidate the potential risk of (126)Sn migration from nuclear waste repositories, we investigated the surface reactions of Sn(II) on goethite as a function of pH and Sn(II) loading under anoxic condition with O2 level < 2 ppmv. Tin redox state and surface structure were investigated by Sn K edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), goethite phase transformations were investigated by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and selected area electron diffraction. The results demonstrate the rapid and complete oxidation of Sn(II) by goethite and formation of Sn(IV) (1)E and (2)C surface complexes. The contribution of (2)C complexes increases with Sn loading. The Sn(II) oxidation leads to a quantitative release of Fe(II) from goethite at low pH, and to the precipitation of magnetite at higher pH. To predict Sn sorption, we applied surface complexation modeling using the charge distribution multisite complexation approach and the XAS-derived surface complexes. Log K values of 15.5 ± 1.4 for the (1)E complex and 19.2 ± 0.6 for the (2)C complex consistently predict Sn sorption across pH 2-12 and for two different Sn loadings and confirm the strong retention of Sn(II) even under anoxic conditions.

  5. Studies on the synthesis, spectra, catalytic and antibacterial activities of binuclear ruthenium(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Krishnamoorthy, P; Sathyadevi, P; Deepa, K; Dharmaraj, N

    2010-09-15

    A new series of stable binuclear ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes of the general formula [{RuX(CO)(EPh(3))(2)}(2)L] (where X=H or Cl; E=P or As and L=dibasic tetradentate diacetyl resorcinol (H(2)-DAR)) have been synthesised by reacting ruthenium(II) starting complexes [RuHX(CO)(EPh(3))(3)] (where X=H or Cl; E=P or As) and 4,6-diacetylresorcinol (H(2)-DAR) ligand in benzene medium. The structure of the new binuclear ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes was established using elemental analysis, spectra (FT-IR, UV-vis and (1)H NMR), electrochemical and thermal studies. In these reactions, the 4,6-diacetylresorcinol (H(2)-DAR) ligand behaves as a binegative tetradentate chelating ligand coordinating through O,O atoms of both the carbonyl and phenolic C-O groups by replacing a molecule of PPh(3)/AsPh(3) and a hydride ion from the starting complexes. Further, all these complexes were also employed as new catalysts for the oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols in the presence of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMO) as a more viable co-oxidant. The free ligand and their metal complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial activity against the growth of gram +ve and gram -ve bacterial cultures. Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Exploring the anti-cancer activity of novel thiosemicarbazones generated through the combination of retro-fragments: dissection of critical structure-activity relationships.

    PubMed

    Serda, Maciej; Kalinowski, Danuta S; Rasko, Nathalie; Potůčková, Eliška; Mrozek-Wilczkiewicz, Anna; Musiol, Robert; Małecki, Jan G; Sajewicz, Mieczysław; Ratuszna, Alicja; Muchowicz, Angelika; Gołąb, Jakub; Simůnek, Tomáš; Richardson, Des R; Polanski, Jaroslaw

    2014-01-01

    Thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) are an interesting class of ligands that show a diverse range of biological activity, including anti-fungal, anti-viral and anti-cancer effects. Our previous studies have demonstrated the potent in vivo anti-tumor activity of novel TSCs and their ability to overcome resistance to clinically used chemotherapeutics. In the current study, 35 novel TSCs of 6 different classes were designed using a combination of retro-fragments that appear in other TSCs. Additionally, di-substitution at the terminal N4 atom, which was previously identified to be critical for potent anti-cancer activity, was preserved through the incorporation of an N4-based piperazine or morpholine ring. The anti-proliferative activity of the novel TSCs were examined in a variety of cancer and normal cell-types. In particular, compounds 1d and 3c demonstrated the greatest promise as anti-cancer agents with potent and selective anti-proliferative activity. Structure-activity relationship studies revealed that the chelators that utilized "soft" donor atoms, such as nitrogen and sulfur, resulted in potent anti-cancer activity. Indeed, the N,N,S donor atom set was crucial for the formation of redox active iron complexes that were able to mediate the oxidation of ascorbate. This further highlights the important role of reactive oxygen species generation in mediating potent anti-cancer activity. Significantly, this study identified the potent and selective anti-cancer activity of 1d and 3c that warrants further examination.

  7. 2-tert-Butyl-5-(2-pyridyl)-2H-tetrazole as a chelating ligand in the direct synthesis of novel Cu(II) and heterobimetallic Cu(II)/Mn(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Mosalkova, Anastasiya P; Voitekhovich, Sergei V; Lyakhov, Alexander S; Ivashkevich, Ludmila S; Lach, Jochen; Kersting, Berthold; Gaponik, Pavel N; Ivashkevich, Oleg A

    2013-02-28

    For the first time, a representative of the 2,5-disubstituted tetrazoles, namely, 2-tert-butyl-5-(2-pyridyl)-2H-tetrazole (L), has been found to participate in oxidative dissolution of copper powder in homometalic systems Cu0–L–NH4X–DMSO (X = Cl, SCN, ClO4) and heterobimetallic ones Cu0–Mn(OAc)2–L–NH4OAc–Solv (Solv = DMSO, DMF), providing the formation of molecular homometallic complexes [CuL2Cl2] (1), [CuL2(SCN)2] (2), and [CuL2(H2O)](ClO4)2 (3), heterobimetallic complex [Cu2MnL2(OAc)6] (4) from DMF solution and its mixture with complex [Cu2MnL2(OAc)6]·2DMSO (5) from DMSO solution. Free ligand L and complexes 1–4 were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermal and X-ray single crystal analyses, whereas complex 5 was characterized by X-ray analysis only. Compounds 1–3 are mononuclear complexes, with chelating coordination mode of L via the tetrazole ring N4 and pyridine ring N7 atoms. Heterobimetallic complexes 4 and 5 possess trinuclear structures, with a linear Cu–Mn–Cu arrangement of the metal atoms, linked by the acetate anions; each copper(II) atom is decorated by a chelating unit of L via the tetrazole ring N1 and pyridine ring N7 atoms in complex 4, and via the N4, N7 atoms in complex 5. Temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements of complex 4 revealed a weak antiferromagnetic coupling between the paramagnetic copper(II) and manganese(II) ions (J = −2.5 cm(−1), g(Cu) = 2.25 and g(Mn) = 2.01), with magnetic exchange through the acetato bridges.

  8. Reaction of Pb(II) and Zn(II) with Ethyl Linoleate To Form Structured Hybrid Inorganic–Organic Complexes: A Model for Degradation in Historic Paint Films

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    MacDonald, Margaret G.; Palmer, Michael R.; Suchomel, Matthew R.

    To investigate soap formation in drying oils in historic paints, the reaction between metal acetates (K +, Zn 2+, Pb 2+) and ethyl linoleate (EL) was studied using optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and electron microscopy. Pb(II) and Zn(II) react rapidly with EL to form highly structured, spherulitic, luminescent crystallites that aggregate. Evidence from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis and high-resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction indicates that these are organic-inorganic hybrid complexes or coordination polymers. FTIR absorbance peaks at ca. 1540 cm -1 for Pb(II) and ca. 1580 cm -1 for Zn(II) are consistentmore » with the formation of carboxylate complexes. The complexes formed offer insight into the degradation processes observed in oil paint films, suggesting that soap formation is rapid when metal ions are solubilized and can occur with unsaturated fatty acids that are present in fresh oils. Finally, these complexes may account for the atypical luminescence observed in lead-containing cured oil paint films.« less

  9. Reaction of Pb(II) and Zn(II) with Ethyl Linoleate To Form Structured Hybrid Inorganic–Organic Complexes: A Model for Degradation in Historic Paint Films

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    MacDonald, Margaret G.; Palmer, Michael R.; Suchomel, Matthew R.

    To investigate soap formation in drying oils in historic paints, the reaction between metal acetates (K +, Zn 2+, Pb 2+) and ethyl linoleate (EL) was studied using optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and electron microscopy. Pb(II) and Zn(II) react rapidly with EL to form highly structured, spherulitic, luminescent crystallites that aggregate. Evidence from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis and high-resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction indicates that these are organic–inorganic hybrid complexes or coordination polymers. FTIR absorbance peaks at ca. 1540 cm –1 for Pb(II) and ca. 1580 cm –1 for Zn(II) are consistentmore » with the formation of carboxylate complexes. The complexes formed offer insight into the degradation processes observed in oil paint films, suggesting that soap formation is rapid when metal ions are solubilized and can occur with unsaturated fatty acids that are present in fresh oils. These complexes may account for the atypical luminescence observed in lead-containing cured oil paint films.« less

  10. Reaction of Pb(II) and Zn(II) with Ethyl Linoleate To Form Structured Hybrid Inorganic–Organic Complexes: A Model for Degradation in Historic Paint Films

    DOE PAGES

    MacDonald, Margaret G.; Palmer, Michael R.; Suchomel, Matthew R.; ...

    2016-09-07

    To investigate soap formation in drying oils in historic paints, the reaction between metal acetates (K +, Zn 2+, Pb 2+) and ethyl linoleate (EL) was studied using optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and electron microscopy. Pb(II) and Zn(II) react rapidly with EL to form highly structured, spherulitic, luminescent crystallites that aggregate. Evidence from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis and high-resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction indicates that these are organic-inorganic hybrid complexes or coordination polymers. FTIR absorbance peaks at ca. 1540 cm -1 for Pb(II) and ca. 1580 cm -1 for Zn(II) are consistentmore » with the formation of carboxylate complexes. The complexes formed offer insight into the degradation processes observed in oil paint films, suggesting that soap formation is rapid when metal ions are solubilized and can occur with unsaturated fatty acids that are present in fresh oils. Finally, these complexes may account for the atypical luminescence observed in lead-containing cured oil paint films.« less

  11. Synthesis, characterization, DFT calculations and antibacterial activity of palladium(II) cyanide complexes with thioamides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmad, Saeed; Nadeem, Shafqat; Anwar, Aneela; Hameed, Abdul; Tirmizi, Syed Ahmed; Zierkiewicz, Wiktor; Abbas, Azhar; Isab, Anvarhusein A.; Alotaibi, Mshari A.

    2017-08-01

    Palladium(II) cyanide complexes of thioamides (or thiones) having the general formula PdL2(CN)2, where L = Thiourea (Tu), Methylthiourea (Metu), N,N‧-Dimethylthiourea (Dmtu), Tetramethylthiourea (Tmtu), 2-Mercaptopyridine (Mpy) and 2-Mercaptopyrimidine (Mpm) were prepared by reacting K2[PdCl4] with potassium cyanide and thioamides in the molar ratio of 1:2:2. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, thermal and spectroscopic methods (IR, 1H and 13C NMR). The structures of three of the complexes were predicted by DFT calculations. The appearance of a band around 2100 cm-1 in IR and resonances around 120-130 ppm in the 13C NMR spectra indicated the coordination of cyanide to palladium(II). More than one resonances were observed for CN- carbon atoms in 13C NMR indicating the existence of equilibrium between different species in solution. DFT calculations revealed that in the case of the palladium(II) complex of Tmtu, the ionic dinuclear [Pd(Tmtu)4][Pd(CN)4] form was more stable than the dimer of mononuclear complex [Pd(Tmtu)2(CN)2] by 0.91 kcal mol-1, while for the complexes of Tu or Mpy ligands, the nonionic [Pd(L)2(CN)2] forms were more stable than the corresponding [Pd(L)4][Pd(CN)4] complexes by 1.26 and 6.49 kcal mol-1 for L = Tu and Mpy, respectively. The complexes were screened for antibacterial effects and some of them showed significant activities against both gram positive as well as gram negative bacteria.

  12. Pharmacological Role of Anions (Sulphate, Nitrate, Oxalate and Acetate) on the Antibacterial Activity of Cobalt(II), Copper(II) and Nickel(II) Complexes With Nicotinoylhydrazine-Derived ONO, NNO and SNO Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Rauf, Abdur

    1996-01-01

    Mixed ligands biologically active complexes of cobalt(II), copper(II) and nickel(II) with nicotinoylhydrazine-derived ONO, NNO and SNO donor schiff-base ligands having the same metal ion but different anions such as sulphate, nitrate, oxalate and acetate have been synthesised and characterised on the basis of their physical, analytical and spectral data. In order to evaluate the role of anions on their bioability, these ligands and their synthesised metal complexes with various anions have been screened against bacterial species such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus and the title studies have proved a definative role of anions in increasing the biological activity PMID:18472896

  13. Phototoxicity of strained Ru(ii) complexes: is it the metal complex or the dissociating ligand?

    PubMed

    Azar, Daniel F; Audi, Hassib; Farhat, Stephanie; El-Sibai, Mirvat; Abi-Habib, Ralph J; Khnayzer, Rony S

    2017-09-12

    A photochemically dissociating ligand in Ru(bpy) 2 (dmphen)Cl 2 [bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine; dmphen = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline] was found to be more cytotoxic on the ML-2 Acute Myeloid Leukemia cell line than Ru(bpy) 2 (H 2 O) 2 2+ and prototypical cisplatin. Our findings illustrate the potential potency of diimine ligands in photoactivatable Ru(ii) complexes.

  14. Analytical methods to determine the comparative DNA binding studies of curcumin-Cu(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rajesh, Jegathalaprathaban; Rajasekaran, Marichamy; Rajagopal, Gurusamy; Athappan, Periakaruppan

    2012-11-01

    DNA interaction studies of two mononuclear [1:1(1); 1:2(2)] copper(II) complexes of curcumin have been studied. The interaction of these complexes with CT-DNA has been explored by physical methods to propose modes of DNA binding of the complexes. Absorption spectral titrations of complex 1 with CT-DNA shows a red-shift of 3 nm with the DNA binding affinity of Kb, 5.21 × 104 M-1 that are higher than that obtained for 2 (red-shift, 2 nm; Kb, 1.73 × 104 M-1) reveal that the binding occurs in grooves as a result of the interaction is via exterior phosphates. The CD spectra of these Cu(II) complexes show a red shift of 3-10 nm in the positive band with increase in intensities. This spectral change of induced CD due to the hydrophobic interaction of copper complexes with DNA is the characteristic of B to A conformational change. The EB displacement assay also reveals the same trend as observed in UV-Vis spectral titration. The addition of complexes 1 and 2 to the DNA bound ethidium bromide (EB) solutions causes an obvious reduction in emission intensities indicating that these complexes competitively bind to DNA with EB. The positive shift of both the Epc and E0' accompanied by reduction of peak currents in differential pulse voltammogram (DPV), upon adding different concentrations of DNA to the metal complexes, are obviously in favor of strong binding to DNA. The super coiled plasmid pUC18 DNA cleavage ability of Cu(II) complexes in the presence of reducing agent reveals the single strand DNA cleavage (ssDNA) is observed. The hydroxyl radical (HOrad ) and the singlet oxygen are believed to be the reactive species responsible for the cleavage.

  15. Synthesis, crystal structure, fluorescence and electrochemical studies of a new tridentate Schiff base ligand and its nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shafaatian, Bita; Soleymanpour, Ahmad; Kholghi Oskouei, Nasim; Notash, Behrouz; Rezvani, Seyyed Ahmad

    2014-07-01

    A new unsymmetrical tridentate Schiff base ligand was derived from the 1:1 M condensation of ortho-vanillin with 2-mercaptoethylamine. Nickel and palladium complexes were obtained by the reaction of the tridentate Schiff base ligand with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate and palladium(II) acetate in 2:1 M ratio. In nickel and palladium complexes the ligand was coordinated to metals via the imine N and enolic O atoms. The S groups of Schiff bases were not coordinated to the metals and S-S coupling was occured. The complexes have been found to possess 1:2 Metal:Ligand stoichiometry and the molar conductance data revealed that the metal complexes were non-electrolytes. The complexes exhibited octahedral coordination geometry. The emission spectra of the ligand and its complexes were studied in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the ligand and its metal complexes were investigated in the CH3CN solvent at the 100 mV s-1 scan rate. The ligand and metal complexes showed both reversible and quasi-reversible processes at this scan rate. The Schiff base and its complexes have been characterized by IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis, elemental analyses and conductometry. The crystal structure of nickel complex has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

  16. DNA as a Target for Anticancer Phen-Imidazole Pd(II) Complexes.

    PubMed

    Heydari, Maryam; Moghadam, Mahboube Eslami; Tarlani, AliAkbar; Farhangian, Hossein

    2017-05-01

    Imidazole ring is a known structure in many natural or synthetic drug molecules and its metal complexes can interact with DNA and do the cleavage. Hence, to study the influence of the structure and size of the ligand on biological behavior of metal complexes, two water-soluble Pd(II) complexes of phen and FIP ligands (where phen is 1,10-phenanthroline and FIP is 2-(Furan-2-yl)-1H-Imidazo[4,5-f][1, 10]phenanthroline) with the formula of [Pd(phen)(FIP)](NO 3 ) 2 and [Pd(FIP) 2 ]Cl 2 , that were activated against chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line, K562, were selected. Also, the interaction of these anticancer Pd(II) complexes with highly polymerized calf thymus DNA was extensively studied by means of electronic absorption, fluorescence, and circular dichroism in Tris-buffer. The results showed that the binding was positive cooperation and [Pd(phen)(FIP)](NO 3 ) 2 (K f  = 127 M -1 G = 1.2) exhibited higher binding constant and number of binding sites than [Pd(FIP) 2 ]Cl 2 (K f  = 13 M -1 G = 1.03) upon binding to DNA. The fluorescence data indicates that quenching effect for [Pd(phen)(FIP)](NO 3 ) 2 (K SV  = 58 mM -1 ) was higher than [Pd(FIP) 2 ]Cl 2 (K SV  = 12 mM -1 ). Also, [Pd(FIP) 2 ]Cl 2 interacts with ethidium bromide-DNA, as non-competitive inhibition, and can bind to DNA via groove binding and [Pd(phen)(FIP)](NO 3 ) 2 can intercalate in DNA. These results were confirmed by circular dichroism spectra. Docking data revealed that longer complexes have higher interaction energy and bind to DNA via groove binding. Graphical Abstract Two anticancer Pd(II) complexes of imidazole derivative have been synthesized and interacted with calf thymus DNA. Modes of binding have been studied by electronic absorption, fluorescence, and CD measurements. [Pd(FIP) 2 ]Cl 2 can bind to DNA via groove binding while intercalation mode of binding is observed for [Pd(phen)(FIP)](NO 3 ) 2 .

  17. Synthesis and synergistic antifungal activities of a pyrazoline based ligand and its copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes with conventional antifungals.

    PubMed

    Ali, Imran; Wani, Waseem A; Khan, Amber; Haque, Ashanul; Ahmad, Aijaz; Saleem, Kishwar; Manzoor, Nikhat

    2012-08-01

    A pyrazoline based ligand; (5-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-phenyl-4, 5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioamide) has been synthesized by Claisen-Schmidt condensation of acetophenone with p-chlorobenzaldehyde, followed by sodium hydroxide assisted cyclization of the resulting chalcone with thiosemicarbazide. Metal ion complexes of the synthesized ligand were prepared with Cu(II) and Ni(II) metal ions, separately and respectively. Ligand and the metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, UV-Vis, (1)HNMR, ESI-MS and (13)CNMR spectroscopic techniques. Molar conductance measurements in DMSO suggested non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. Tetragonally distorted octahedral geometry for copper and octahedral geometry for the nickel complexes was proposed on the basis of UV-Vis spectroscopic studies and magnetic moment measurements. The complexes were investigated for their ability to kill human fungal pathogen Candida by determining MICs (Minimum inhibitory concentrations), inhibition in solid media and ability to produce a possible synergism with conventional most clinically practiced antifungals by disc diffusion assay and FICI (fractional inhibitory concentration index). Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of tridentate ONO donor Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, characterization, thermal, non-isothermal kinetics and DFT calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusmariya, Brajendra S.; Mishra, A. P.

    2017-02-01

    We report here four mononuclear Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) coordination compounds of general formula [M(L)2] {L = dcp; M = CoII, CuII & ZnII} and [M(L)(H2O)]·H2O {L = dcp; M = NiII} derived from tridentate 2,4-dichloro-6-{[(3-chloro-2-hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)imino]methyl}phenol (dcp) ligand. These compounds were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, uv-vis, 1H NMR, molar conductance, magnetic moment, thermal, PXRD and SEM-EDX. The Powder X-ray Diffraction patterns and SEM analyses showed the crystalline nature of synthesized compounds. The peak broadening was explained in terms of crystallite size and the lattice strain using Scherrer and Williamson-Hall method. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed to determine the thermal stability of synthesized compounds under nitrogen atmosphere up to 820 K at 10 Kmin-1 heating rate. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of thermal decomposition were calculated using Coats-Redfern (C-R), Piloyan-Novikova (P-N) and Horowitz-Metzger (H-M) methods assuming first order degradation. The calculated optical band gap values of complexes were found to be in semiconducting range. To support the experimental findings, and derive some fruitful information viz. frequency calculations, HOMO-LUMO, energy gap (ΔE), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), spin density, absorption spectra etc.; theoretical calculations by means of DFT and TD-DFT at B3LYP level were incorporated.

  19. Theoretical, biological and in silico studies of pendant-armed heteroleptic copper(II) phenolate complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arthi, P.; Mahendiran, D.; Shobana, S.; Srinivasan, P.; Rahiman, A. Kalilur

    2018-06-01

    A new series of pendant-armed heteroleptic copper(II) phenolate complexes of the type [CuL1-3(diimine)] (1-6) have been synthesized by the reaction of pendant-armed ligands 2,2'-(benzoyliminodiethylene)bissalicylidene (H2L1), 2,2'-(4-nitrobenzoyliminodiethylene)bissalicylidene (H2L2) or 2,2'-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyliminodiethylene)bissalicylidene (H2L3) with coligands (diimine; 2,2‧-bipyridyl (bpy) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen)) in the presence of copper(II) chloride, and characterized by spectroscopic techniques. The seven coordinated pentagonal-bipyramidal geometry around the copper(II) center was inferred from the electronic spectra of the complexes. The bond length, bond angle and HOMO-LUMO energy gap calculations were carried out by DFT studies, using Gaussian 03 program. Electrochemical studies of the mononuclear complexes evidenced one-electron irreversible reduction wave in the cathodic region (Epc = -0.61 to -0.65 V). Experimental and in silico molecular docking studies support groove mode of binding with DNA. Further, the molecular docking studies of complexes with B-DNA indicate the binding of the guanine-cytosine residues in the minor groove of the DNA. Molecular docking studies also revealed the interaction of complexes with protein ERK2 kinase and significant topoisomerase (Topo-I) inhibitory activity. All the complexes display pronounced cleavage activity against supercoiled pBR322 DNA in the presence of H2O2. In vitro cytotoxicity of the complexes was tested against liver cancer cell line (HepG2) by MTT reduction assay.

  20. Synthesis, Characterization and the Corrosion Inhibition Study of Two Schiff Base Ligands Derived From Urea and Thiourea and Their Complexes with Cu(II) and Hg(II) Ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alwan, Wasan Mohammed

    2018-05-01

    The research includes synthesis of [L1] and [L2] Schiff base ligands by the reaction of vanillin with urea and thiourea respectively in 2:1 mol ratio. The two ligands were reacted with CuII ion in 1:2 mol ratio and HgII ion in 1:1 mol ratio. The prepared compounds have been identified by FTIR, U.V-Vis, 1H-NMR (L1, L2 and HgII complex) spectroscopies, microelemental analysis (C.H.N.S), magnetic susceptibility measurements, atomic absorption, chloride content along with conductivity and melting point measurements. According to applied characterization methods, the proposed general formulas of CuII and HgII complexes were [Cu2LnCl4] and [HgLnCl]Cl, respectively, (where n = 1, 2). The ability of corrosion inhibition with two ligands and their cupper complexes has been studied in diluted hydrochloric acid media.

  1. Synthesis and Characterization of A Coordination Complex of Tetrakis(diphenylamine)copper(II) Sulfate Hexahydrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Syaima, H.; Rahardjo, S. B.; Suciningrum, E.

    2018-03-01

    CuSO4·5H2O with diphenylamine formed a complex compound in 1:4 mole ratio of metal to the ligand in methanol. The forming of the complex was indicated by shifting of UV-Vis spectra of CuSO4·5H2O and the complex from 819 nm to 593 nm. The result of analysis Cu(II) in the complex showed the copper content in the complex was 6.43 % therefore the empirical formula of the complex was Cu(diphenylamine)4SO4(H2O)6. The electrical conductivity of complex showed the charge ratio of cation and anion = 1:1. Therefore, the proposed formula of the complex was [Cu(diphenylamine)4]SO4·6H2O. Based on infrared spectra, it was determined that the functional group of N-H of diphenylamine was coordinated to the center ion Cu2+. The electronic spectral study of the complex showed a transition peak on λ = 593 nm (υ = 16863 cm-1) corresponding to the 2B1g → 2A1g transition. The complex was paramagnetic with effective magnetic moment 1.72 B.M. It was indicated square planar geometry around Cu(II).

  2. Copper (II) and zinc (II) complexes with flavanone derivatives: Identification of potential cholinesterase inhibitors by on-flow assays.

    PubMed

    Sarria, André Lucio Franceschini; Vilela, Adriana Ferreira Lopes; Frugeri, Bárbara Mammana; Fernandes, João Batista; Carlos, Rose Maria; da Silva, Maria Fátima das Graças Fernandes; Cass, Quezia Bezerra; Cardoso, Carmen Lúcia

    2016-11-01

    Metal chelates strongly influence the nature and magnitude of pharmacological activities in flavonoids. In recent years, studies have shown that a promising class of flavanone-metal ion complexes can act as selective cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs), which has led our group to synthesize a new series of flavanone derivatives (hesperidin, hesperetin, naringin, and naringenin) complexed to either copper (II) or zinc (II) and to evaluate their potential use as selective ChEIs. Most of the synthesized complexes exhibited greater inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) than against butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Nine of these complexes constituted potent, reversible, and selective ChEIs with inhibitory potency (IC 50 ) and inhibitory constant (K i ) ranging from 0.02 to 4.5μM. Copper complexes with flavanone-bipyridine derivatives afforded the best inhibitory activity against AChE and BChE. The complex Cu(naringin)(2,2'-bipyridine) (11) gave IC 50 and K i values of 0.012±0.002 and 0.07±0.01μM for huAChE, respectively, which were lower than the inhibitory values obtained for standard galanthamine (IC 50 =206±30.0 and K i =126±18.0μM). Evaluation of the inhibitory activity of this complex against butyrylcholinesterase from human serum (huBChE) gave IC 50 and K i values of 8.0±1.4 and 2.0±0.1μM, respectively. A Liquid Chromatography-Immobilized Capillary Enzyme Reactor by UV detection (LC-ICER-UV) assay allowed us to determine the IC 50 and K i values and the type of mechanism for the best inhibitors. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. A water-soluble and water-coordinated Mn(II) complex: synthesis, characterization and phantom MRI image study.

    PubMed

    Phukan, Bedika; Patel, Anant B; Mukherjee, Chandan

    2015-08-07

    Ligand H4bedik was reacted with MnCl2·4H2O at pH ∼ 6.5 to give a highly water-soluble and water-coordinated Mn(ii) complex (). The complex was found to show r1 = 3.11 mM(-1) s(-1) per Mn(ii) at 1.4 T and 6.26 mM(-1) s(-1) per Mn(ii) at 14.1 T at 25 °C, pH = 7.4. In addition to r1, the r2 at 14.1 T was found to be 132.78 mM(-1) s(-1) per Mn(ii) at 25 °C, pH = 7.4.

  4. Ultrasensitive apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 immunosensing based on self-enhanced electrochemiluminescence of a Ru(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Zhuo, Ying; Liao, Ni; Chai, Ya-Qin; Gui, Guo-Feng; Zhao, Min; Han, Jing; Xiang, Yun; Yuan, Ruo

    2014-01-21

    An alternative "signal on" immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE-1) was designed utilizing the self-enhanced electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of a novel Ru(II) complex functionalized coil-like nanocomposite as signal labels. The desirable self-enhanced ECL luminophore was achieved by combining the coreactant of poly(ethylenimine) (PEI) and the luminophor of bis(2,2'-bipyridine)-5-amino-1,10-phenanthroline ruthenium(II) [Ru(bpy)2(5-NH2-1,10-phen)(2+)] to form one novel Ru(II) complex, which exhibited significantly enhanced ECL efficiency and stability. Moreover, the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were employed as nanocarriers for self-enhanced Ru(II) complex loading via π-π stacking to obtain the coil-like nanocomposite to act as signal probe. Compared with traditional ECL immunoassay, our proposed strategy is simple and sensitive, avoiding the adding of any coreactant into testing solution for signal amplification, and shows a detection limit down to subfemtogram per milliliter level under the optimized experimental condition.

  5. High fat, high sucrose diet causes cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction due in part to oxidative post-translational modification of mitochondrial complex II

    PubMed Central

    Sverdlov, Aaron L.; Elezaby, Aly; Behring, Jessica B.; Bachschmid, Markus M.; Luptak, Ivan; Tu, Vivian H.; Siwik, Deborah A.; Miller, Edward J.; Liesa, Marc; Shirihai, Orian S; Pimentel, David R.; Cohen, Richard A.; Colucci, Wilson S.

    2014-01-01

    Background Diet-induced obesity leads to metabolic heart disease (MHD) characterized by increased oxidative stress that may cause oxidative post-translational modifications (OPTM) of cardiac mitochondrial proteins. The functional consequences of OPTM of cardiac mitochondrial proteins in MHD are unknown. Our objective was to determine whether cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction in MHD due to diet-induced obesity is associated with cysteine OPTM. Methods and results Male C57Bl/6J mice were fed either a high-fat, high-sucrose (HFHS) or control diet for 8 months. Cardiac mitochondria from HFHS-fed mice (vs. control diet) had an increased rate of H2O2 production, a decreased GSH/GSSG ratio, a decreased rate of complex II substrate-driven ATP synthesis and decreased complex II activity. Complex II substrate-driven ATP synthesis and complex II activity were partially restored ex-vivo by reducing conditions. A biotin switch assay showed that HFHS feeding increased cysteine OPTM in complex II subunits A (SDHA) and B (SDHB). Using iodo-TMT multiplex tags we found that HFHS feeding is associated with reversible oxidation of cysteines 89 and 231 in SDHA, and 100, 103 and 115 in SDHB. Conclusions MHD due to consumption of a HFHS “Western” diet causes increased H2O2 production and oxidative stress in cardiac mitochondria associated with decreased ATP synthesis and decreased complex II activity. Impaired complex II activity and ATP production are associated with reversible cysteine OPTM of complex II. Possible sites of reversible cysteine OPTM in SDHA and SDHB were identified by iodo-TMT tag labeling. Mitochondrial ROS may contribute to the pathophysiology of MHD by impairing the function of complex II. PMID:25109264

  6. Synthesis, structural studies and antimicrobial activity of N'-((2Z, 3E)-3-(hydroxyimino)butan-2-ylidene)-2-phenylacetohydrazide and its Co(II), Ni(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karadeniz, Şeyma; Ataol, Cigdem Yuksektepe; Şahin, Onur; İdil, Önder; Bati, Hümeyra

    2018-06-01

    A new aroylhydrazoneoxime, N'-((2Z, 3E)-3-(hydroxyimino)butan-2-ylidene)-2-phenylacetohydrazide ligand (LH2) and its Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes, have been synthesized and characterized by elemental and thermal analyses, IR and UV-vis spectroscopy, magnetic moment and X-ray diffraction. The antimicrobial activities of these compounds were tested by using minimal inhibitory concentration method (MIC). The ligand-containing aroylhydrazone and oxime groups and its Ni complex crystallize in the triclinic system and P 1 - space group, while its Co complex crystallizes in the monoclinic system and the C 2/c space group. X-ray results show that the ligand in the keto form is transformed into enolic form when it forms coordination. From elemental analysis data, the stoichiometry of Co(II) complex was found to be 1:2 (metal/ligand), but 1:1 for Ni(II). IR spectra indicate that the ligand acts as monoanionic NNO- tridentate and coordination takes place form through the oxime nitrogen, imine nitrogen, and enolate oxygen atoms.

  7. Synthesis, structural characterization, fluorescence, antimicrobial, antioxidant and DNA cleavage studies of Cu(II) complexes of formyl chromone Schiff bases.

    PubMed

    Kavitha, P; Saritha, M; Laxma Reddy, K

    2013-02-01

    Cu(II) complexes have been synthesized from different Schiff bases, such as 3-((2-hydroxy phenylimino)methyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (HL(1)), 2-((4-oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylneamino) benzoicacid (HL(2)), 3-((3-hydroxypyridin-2-ylimino)methyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (HL(3)) and 3-((2-mercaptophenylimino)methyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (HL(4)). The complexes were characterized by analytical, molar conductance, IR, electronic, magnetic, ESR, thermal, powder XRD and SEM studies. The analytical data reveal that metal to ligand molar ratio is 1:2 in all the complexes. Molar conductivity data indicates that all the Cu(II) complexes are neutral. On the basis of magnetic and electronic spectral data, distorted octahedral geometry is proposed for all the Cu(II) complexes. Thermal behaviour of the synthesized complexes illustrates the presence of lattice water molecules in the complexes. X-ray diffraction studies reveal that all the ligands and their Cu(II) complexes have triclinic system with different unit cell parameters. Antimicrobial, antioxidant and DNA cleavage activities indicate that metal complexes exhibited greater activity as compared with ligands. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Synthesis, spectroscopic, thermal and structural properties of 4-(2-aminoethyl)pyridinium tetracyanometallate(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karaağaç, Dursun; Kürkçüoğlu, Güneş Süheyla; Şenyel, Mustafa; Şahin, Onur

    2017-05-01

    In this study, three new complexes (4aepyH)2[Ni(CN)4] (1), (4aepyH)2[Pd(CN)4] (2) and (4aepyH)2[Pt(CN)4] (3) [4aepy = 4-(2-aminoethyl)pyridine] have been synthesized and characterized by elemental, thermal, vibrational (FT-IR and Raman) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The crystallographic analyses reveal that the complexes crystallize in the monoclinic system, space group C2/c. The asymmetric units of the complexes contain one M(II) ion, two cyanide ligands and one non-coordinated the 4aepy ligand. Each M(II) ion is four coordinated with four cyanide-carbon atoms in a square planar geometry and the [M(CN)4]2- anions act as a counter ion. The 4aepyH cations in the complexes compose of the protonation of the 4aepy. The vibrational spectral data also supported to the crystal structures of the complexes. Thermal stabilities and decomposition products of the complexes were investigated in the temperature range 40-700 °C in the static air atmosphere.

  9. Iron(II) cage complexes of N-heterocyclic amide and bis(trimethylsilyl)amide ligands: synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Sulway, Scott A; Collison, David; McDouall, Joseph J W; Tuna, Floriana; Layfield, Richard A

    2011-03-21

    Metallation of hexahydropyrimidopyrimidine (hppH) by [Fe{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(2)] (1) produces the trimetallic iron(II) amide cage complex [{(Me(3)Si)(2)NFe}(2)(hpp)(4)Fe] (2), which contains three iron(II) centers, each of which resides in a distorted tetrahedral environment. An alternative, one-pot route that avoids use of the highly air-sensitive complex 1 is described for the synthesis of the iron(II)-lithium complex [{(Me(3)Si)(2)N}(2)Fe{Li(bta)}](2) (3) (where btaH = benzotriazole), in which both iron(II) centers reside in 3-coordinated pyramidal environments. The structure of 3 is also interpreted in terms of the ring laddering principle developed for alkali metal amides. Magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal that both compounds display very weak antiferromagnetic exchange between the iron(II) centers, and that the iron(II) centers in 2 and 3 possess large negative axial zero-field splittings.

  10. The overlooked "nonclassical" functions of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigens in immune and nonimmune cells.

    PubMed

    Altomonte, M; Pucillo, C; Maio, M

    1999-06-01

    Besides their "classical" antigenic peptide-presenting activity, major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigens can activate different cellular functions in immune and nonimmune cells. However, this "nonclassical" role and its functional consequences are still substantially overlooked. In this review, we will focus on these alternative functional properties of MHC class II antigens, to reawaken attention to their present and foreseeable immunobiologic and pathogenetic implications. The main issues that will be addressed concern 1) the role of MHC class II molecules as basic components of exchangeable oligomeric protein complexes with intracellular signaling ability; 2) the nonclassical functions of MHC class II antigens in immune cells; 3) the pathogenetic role of MHC class II antigens in inflammatory/autoimmune and infectious disease; and 4) the functional role of MHC class II antigens in solid malignancies.

  11. Synthesis and characterization of Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of a number of sulfadrug azodyes and their application for wastewater treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Baradie, K.; El-Sharkawy, R.; El-Ghamry, H.; Sakai, K.

    2014-03-01

    The azodye ligand (HL1) was synthesized from the coupling of sulfaguanidine diazonium salt with 2,4-dihydroxy-benzaldehyde while the two ligands, HL2 and HL3, were prepared by the coupling of sulfadiazine diazonium salt with salicylaldehyde (HL2) and 2,4-dihydroxy-benzaldehyde (HL3). The prepared ligands were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and mass spectra. Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of the prepared ligands have been synthesized and characterized by various spectroscopic techniques like IR, UV-Visible as well as magnetic and thermal (TG and DTA) measurements. It was found that all the ligands behave as a monobasic bidentate which coordinated to the metal center through the azo nitrogen and α-hydroxy oxygen atoms in the case of HL1 and HL3. HL2 coordinated to the metal center through sulfonamide oxygen and pyrimidine nitrogen. The applications of the prepared complexes in the oxidative degradation of indigo carmine dye exhibited good catalytic activity in the presence of H2O2 as an oxidant. The reactions followed first-order kinetics and the rate constants were determined. The degradation reaction involved the catalytic action of the azo-dye complexes toward H2O2 decomposition, which can lead to the generation of HOrad radicals as a highly efficient oxidant attacking the target dye. The detailed kinetic studies and the mechanism of these catalytic reactions are under consideration in our group.

  12. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and antimicrobial studies of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with Schiff bases derived from 5-bromo-salicylaldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kursunlu, Ahmed Nuri; Guler, Ersin; Sevgi, Fatih; Ozkalp, Birol

    2013-09-01

    In this study, the new Schiff base ligands derived from condensation of amine and 5-bromo-salicylaldehyde were characterized. All compounds, the Schiff bases and the metal complexes, were characterized by elemental analyzes, FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The synthesized ligands, along with their metal (II) complexes, were screened for their in vitro antibacterial activity against four Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella enteritidis) and four Gram-positive (Streptococcus pyogones, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin-resistant S. aureus) bacterial strains by using disc diffusion and broth microdilution techniques.

  13. Copper(II) hexaaza macrocyclic binuclear complexes obtained from the reaction of their copper(I) derivates and molecular dioxygen.

    PubMed

    Costas, Miquel; Ribas, Xavi; Poater, Albert; López Valbuena, Josep Maria; Xifra, Raül; Company, Anna; Duran, Miquel; Solà, Miquel; Llobet, Antoni; Corbella, Montserrat; Usón, Miguel Angel; Mahía, José; Solans, Xavier; Shan, Xiaopeng; Benet-Buchholz, Jordi

    2006-05-01

    Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been carried out for a series of Cu(I) complexes bearing N-hexadentate macrocyclic dinucleating ligands and for their corresponding peroxo species (1c-8c) generated by their interaction with molecular O2. For complexes 1c-7c, it has been found that the side-on peroxodicopper(II) is the favored structure with regard to the bis(mu-oxo)dicopper(III). For those complexes, the singlet state has also been shown to be more stable than the triplet state. In the case of 8c, the most favored structure is the trans-1,2-peroxodicopper(II) because of the para substitution and the steric encumbrance produced by the methylation of the N atoms. Cu(II) complexes 4e, 5e, and 8e have been obtained by O2 oxidation of their corresponding Cu(I) complexes and structurally and magnetically characterized. X-ray single-crystal structures for those complexes have been solved, and they show three completely different types of Cu(II)2 structures: (a) For 4e, the Cu(II) centers are bridged by a phenolate group and an external hydroxide ligand. The phenolate group is generated from the evolution of 4c via intramolecular arene hydroxylation. (b) For 5e, the two Cu(II) centers are bridged by two hydroxide ligands. (c) For the 8e case, the Cu(II) centers are ligated to terminally bound hydroxide ligands, rare because of its tendency to bridge. The evolution of complexes 1c-8c toward their oxidized species has also been rationalized by DFT calculations based mainly on their structure and electrophilicity. The structural diversity of the oxidized species is also responsible for a variety of magnetic behavior: (a) strong antiferromagnetic (AF) coupling with J = -482.0 cm(-1) (g = 2.30; rho = 0.032; R = 5.6 x 10(-3)) for 4e; (b) AF coupling with J = -286.3 cm(-1) (g = 2.07; rho = 0.064; R = 2.6 x 10(-3)) for 5e; (c) an uncoupled Cu(II)2 complex for 8e.

  14. 1H and 17O NMR relaxometric and computational study on macrocyclic Mn(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Rolla, Gabriele A; Platas-Iglesias, Carlos; Botta, Mauro; Tei, Lorenzo; Helm, Lothar

    2013-03-18

    Herein we report a detailed 1H and 17O relaxometric investigation of Mn(II) complexes with cyclen-based ligands such as 2-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecan-1-yl)acetic acid (DO1A), 2,2'-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4-diyl)diacetic acid (1,4-DO2A), 2,2'-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,7-diyl)diacetic acid (1,7-DO2A), and 2,2',2"-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triyl)triacetic acid (DO3A). The Mn(II) complex with the heptadentate ligand DO3A does not have inner sphere water molecules (q = 0), and therefore, the metal ion is most likely seven-coordinate. The hexadentate DO2A ligand has two isomeric forms: 1,7-DO2A and 1,4-DO2A. The Mn(II) complex with 1,7-DO2A is predominantly six-coordinate (q = 0). In aqueous solutions of [Mn(1,4-DO2A)], a species with one coordinated water molecule (q = 1) prevails largely, whereas a q = 0 form represents only about 10% of the overall population. The Mn(II) complex of the pentadentate ligand DO1A also contains a coordinated water molecule. DFT calculations (B3LYP model) are used to obtain information about the structure of this family of closely related complexes in solution, as well as to determine theoretically the 17O and 1H hyperfine coupling constants responsible for the scalar contribution to 17O and 1H NMR relaxation rates and 17O NMR chemical shifts. These calculations provide 17O A/ħ values of ca. 40 × 10(6) rad s(-1), in good agreement with experimental data. The [Mn(1,4-DO2A)(H2O)] complex is endowed with a relatively fast water exchange rate (k(ex)298 = 11.3 × 10(8) s(-1)) in comparison to the [Mn(EDTA)(H2O)]2- analogue (k(ex)298 = 4.7 × 10(8) s(-1)), but about 5 times lower than that of the [Mn(DO1A)(H2O)]+ complex (k(ex)298 = 60 × 10(8) s(-1)). The water exchange rate measured for the latter complex represents the highest water exchange rate ever measured for a Mn(II) complex.

  15. Preparation, characterisation and study of in vitro biologically active azamacrocyclic Cu(II) dicarboxylate complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antonijević-Nikolić, Mirjana; Antić-Stanković, Jelena; Tanasković, Sladjana B.; Korabik, Maria J.; Gojgić-Cvijović, Gordana; Vučković, Gordana

    2013-12-01

    New cationic Cu(II) complexes with N, N‧, N″, N″‧-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane (tpmc) and aliphatic dicarboxylic acids: pentanedioic (glutaric acid = glutH2), hexanedioic acid (adipic acid = adipH2) and decanedioic acid (sebacic acid = sebH2) of general formula [Cu4(L)(tpmc)2](ClO4)6·xH2O, L = glut, x = 2; L = adip, x = 7; L = seb, x = 6 were isolated. Their composition and charges are proposed based on elemental analyses and molar conductivity measurements. By the comparison of their UV-Vis, reflectance, FTIR and EPR spectral data, CV and SQUID magnetic measurements, with those for the complex with butanedioic acid (succinic acid = succH2) of known molecular structure and analysis of LC/MS spectra, geometry with two [Cu2tpmc]4+ units bridged by dicarboxylate dianion engaging all oxygens is proposed. Within units, Cu(II) ions are also bridged with N portion of cyclam ring. All four complexes were screened to in vitro antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity along with free primary and secondary ligands, Cu(II) salt and solvent controls. Detected antibacterial and cytotoxic activity for the complexes was enhanced in most cases than the corresponding controls.

  16. Reversible double oxidation and protonation of the non-innocent bridge in a nickel(II) salophen complex.

    PubMed

    de Bellefeuille, David; Askari, Mohammad S; Lassalle-Kaiser, Benedikt; Journaux, Yves; Aukauloo, Ally; Orio, Maylis; Thomas, Fabrice; Ottenwaelder, Xavier

    2012-12-03

    Substitution on the aromatic bridge of a nickel(II) salophen complex with electron-donating dimethylamino substituents creates a ligand with three stable, easily and reversibly accessible oxidation states. The one-electron-oxidized product is characterized as a nickel(II) radical complex with the radical bore by the central substituted aromatic ring, in contrast to other nickel(II) salen or salophen complexes that oxidize on the phenolate moieties. The doubly oxidized product, a singlet species, is best described as having an iminobenzoquinone bridge with a vinylogous distribution of bond lengths between the dimethylamino substituents. Protonation of the dimethylamino substituents inhibits these redox processes on the time scale of cyclovoltammetry, but electrolysis and chemical oxidation are consistent with deprotonation occurring concomitantly with electron transfer to yield the mono- and dioxidized species described above.

  17. Mn(II) Oxidation by the Multicopper Oxidase Complex Mnx: A Binuclear Activation Mechanism.

    PubMed

    Soldatova, Alexandra V; Tao, Lizhi; Romano, Christine A; Stich, Troy A; Casey, William H; Britt, R David; Tebo, Bradley M; Spiro, Thomas G

    2017-08-23

    The bacterial protein complex Mnx contains a multicopper oxidase (MCO) MnxG that, unusually, catalyzes the two-electron oxidation of Mn(II) to MnO 2 biomineral, via a Mn(III) intermediate. Although Mn(III)/Mn(II) and Mn(IV)/Mn(III) reduction potentials are expected to be high, we find a low reduction potential, 0.38 V (vs Normal Hydrogen Electrode, pH 7.8), for the MnxG type 1 Cu 2+ , the electron acceptor. Indeed the type 1 Cu 2+ is not reduced by Mn(II) in the absence of molecular oxygen, indicating that substrate oxidation requires an activation step. We have investigated the enzyme mechanism via electronic absorption spectroscopy, using chemometric analysis to separate enzyme-catalyzed MnO 2 formation from MnO 2 nanoparticle aging. The nanoparticle aging time course is characteristic of nucleation and particle growth; rates for these processes followed expected dependencies on Mn(II) concentration and temperature, but exhibited different pH optima. The enzymatic time course is sigmoidal, signaling an activation step, prior to turnover. The Mn(II) concentration and pH dependence of a preceding lag phase indicates weak Mn(II) binding. The activation step is enabled by a pK a > 8.6 deprotonation, which is assigned to Mn(II)-bound H 2 O; it induces a conformation change (consistent with a high activation energy, 106 kJ/mol) that increases Mn(II) affinity. Mnx activation is proposed to decrease the Mn(III/II) reduction potential below that of type 1 Cu(II/I) by formation of a hydroxide-bridged binuclear complex, Mn(II)(μ-OH)Mn(II), at the substrate site. Turnover is found to depend cooperatively on two Mn(II) and is enabled by a pK a 7.6 double deprotonation. It is proposed that turnover produces a Mn(III)(μ-OH) 2 Mn(III) intermediate that proceeds to the enzyme product, likely Mn(IV)(μ-O) 2 Mn(IV) or an oligomer, which subsequently nucleates MnO 2 nanoparticles. We conclude that Mnx exploits manganese polynuclear chemistry in order to facilitate an otherwise

  18. Effective cleavage of phosphodiester promoted by the zinc(II) and copper(II) inclusion complexes of β-cyclodextrin.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Ying-Hua; Chen, Li-Qing; Tao, Jun; Shen, Jun-Li; Gong, Dao-Yu; Yun, Rui-Rui; Cheng, Yong

    2016-10-01

    To construct the model of metallohydrolase, two inclusion complexes [MLCl 2 (β-CD)] (1, M=Zn(II); 2, M=Cu(II); L=N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amantadine; β-CD=β-cyclodextrin) were synthesized by mixing β-CDs with the pre-synthesized complexes G1, [ZnLCl 2 ] and G2, [CuLCl 2 ]. Structures of G1, G2, 1 and 2 were characterized by X-ray crystallography, respectively. In solution, two chloride anions of G1 and G2 underwent ligand exchange with solvent molecules according to ESI-MS analysis. The chemical equilibrium constants were determined by potentiometric pH titration. The kinetics of bis(4-nitrophenyl) phosphate (BNPP) hydrolysis catalyzed by G1, G2, 1 and 2 were examined at pHs ranging from 7.50 to 10.50 at 308±0.1K. The pH profile of rate constant of BNPP hydrolysis catalyzed by 1 exhibited an exponential increase with the second-order rate constant of 2.68×10 -3 M -1 s -1 assigned to the di-hydroxo species, which was approximately an order of magnitude higher than those of reported mono-Zn(II)-hydroxo species. The high reactivity was presumably hydroxyl-rich microenvironment provided by β-CDs, which might effect in stabilizing either the labile zinc-hydroxo species or the catalytic transition state. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Formation of Mixed-Ligand Complexes of Metals(II) with Monoamine Complexones and Amino Acids in Solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pyreu, D. F.; Gridchin, S. N.

    2018-05-01

    The formation of mixed-ligand complexes in the M(II)-Nta, Ida-L (M = Cu(II), Ni, Zn, Co(II), L = Ser, Thr, Asp, Arg, Asn) systems, where Ida and Nta are the residues of iminodiacetic and nitrilotriacetic acids, respectively, is studied using pH measurements, calorimetry and spectrophotometry. The thermodynamic parameters (log K, Δr G 0, Δr H, Δr S) of their formation at 298.15 K and ionic strength I = 0.5 (KNO3) are determined. The most likely scenario of amino acid residue coordination in the composition of mixed complexes is discussed.

  20. High fat, high sucrose diet causes cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction due in part to oxidative post-translational modification of mitochondrial complex II.

    PubMed

    Sverdlov, Aaron L; Elezaby, Aly; Behring, Jessica B; Bachschmid, Markus M; Luptak, Ivan; Tu, Vivian H; Siwik, Deborah A; Miller, Edward J; Liesa, Marc; Shirihai, Orian S; Pimentel, David R; Cohen, Richard A; Colucci, Wilson S

    2015-01-01

    Diet-induced obesity leads to metabolic heart disease (MHD) characterized by increased oxidative stress that may cause oxidative post-translational modifications (OPTM) of cardiac mitochondrial proteins. The functional consequences of OPTM of cardiac mitochondrial proteins in MHD are unknown. Our objective was to determine whether cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction in MHD due to diet-induced obesity is associated with cysteine OPTM. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed either a high-fat, high-sucrose (HFHS) or control diet for 8months. Cardiac mitochondria from HFHS-fed mice (vs. control diet) had an increased rate of H2O2 production, a decreased GSH/GSSG ratio, a decreased rate of complex II substrate-driven ATP synthesis and decreased complex II activity. Complex II substrate-driven ATP synthesis and complex II activity were partially restored ex-vivo by reducing conditions. A biotin switch assay showed that HFHS feeding increased cysteine OPTM in complex II subunits A (SDHA) and B (SDHB). Using iodo-TMT multiplex tags we found that HFHS feeding is associated with reversible oxidation of cysteines 89 and 231 in SDHA, and 100, 103 and 115 in SDHB. MHD due to consumption of a HFHS "Western" diet causes increased H2O2 production and oxidative stress in cardiac mitochondria associated with decreased ATP synthesis and decreased complex II activity. Impaired complex II activity and ATP production are associated with reversible cysteine OPTM of complex II. Possible sites of reversible cysteine OPTM in SDHA and SDHB were identified by iodo-TMT tag labeling. Mitochondrial ROS may contribute to the pathophysiology of MHD by impairing the function of complex II. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Mitochondria: From Basic Mitochondrial Biology to Cardiovascular Disease". Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Asymmetric synthesis of α-amino acids via homologation of Ni(II) complexes of glycine Schiff bases; Part 1: alkyl halide alkylations.

    PubMed

    Sorochinsky, Alexander E; Aceña, José Luis; Moriwaki, Hiroki; Sato, Tatsunori; Soloshonok, Vadim A

    2013-10-01

    Alkylations of chiral or achiral Ni(II) complexes of glycine Schiff bases constitute a landmark in the development of practical methodology for asymmetric synthesis of α-amino acids. Straightforward, easy preparation as well as high reactivity of these Ni(II) complexes render them ready available and inexpensive glycine equivalents for preparing a wide variety of α-amino acids, in particular on a relatively large scale. In the case of Ni(II) complexes containing benzylproline moiety as a chiral auxiliary, their alkylation proceeds with high thermodynamically controlled diastereoselectivity. Similar type of Ni(II) complexes derived from alanine can also be used for alkylation providing convenient access to quaternary, α,α-disubstituted α-amino acids. Achiral type of Ni(II) complexes can be prepared from picolinic acid or via recently developed modular approach using simple secondary or primary amines. These Ni(II) complexes can be easily mono/bis-alkylated under homogeneous or phase-transfer catalysis conditions. Origin of diastereo-/enantioselectivity in the alkylations reactions, aspects of practicality, generality and limitations of this methodology is critically discussed.

  2. Semi- and thiosemicarbazide Mn(II) complexes: Characterization, DFT and biological studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yousef, T. A.; Alduaij, O. K.; Ahmed, Sara F.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.; El-Gammal, O. A.

    2016-09-01

    One NO and two NOS donor ligands have been prepared by addition ethanolic suspension of 2-hydrazino-2-oxo-N-phenyl-acetamide to phenyl isocyanate (H2PAPS), phenyl isothiocyanate (H2PAPT) and benzoyl isothiocyanate (H2PABT). The Mn (II) complexes were prepared from the chloride salt and characterized by conventional techniques. The isolated complexes were assigned the formulaes, [Mn(HPAPS)2], [Mn(HPAPT)Cl] and [Mn(HPABT)Cl(H2O)2], respectively. The IR study of ligands and their complexes shows that H2PAPS behaves as a mononegative tridentate via both CO of hydrazide moiety in keto and deprotonated enol form and CN (azomethine) due to enolization of CO cyanate moiety without deprotonation. H2PAPT behaves as mononegative tridentate via CO of hydrazide moiety, deprotonated thiol CS and NH group. Finally H2PABT behaves as mononegative tridentate via deprotonated enolized CO of hydrazide moiety, CO of benzoyl moiety and NH group. The IR spectra of ligands from DFT calculations are compared with those obtained experimentally. Also, HOMO, LUMO, the bond lengths, bond angles, and dipole moments have been calculated. The calculated HOMO-LUMO energy gap reveals that charge transfer occurs within the molecule. The binding energy values display the high stability of complexes. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters were determined by Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. The antibacterial activities were also tested against Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli bacteria. Finally, the antitumor activities of the Ligands and their Mn(II) complexes have been evaluated against liver (HePG2) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cells.

  3. Comparison of reactivity of Pt(II) center in the mononuclear and binuclear organometallic diimineplatinum complexes toward oxidative addition of methyl iodide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hashemi, Majid

    2016-01-01

    The reactivities of Pt(II) center in a series of organometallic mononuclear Pt(II), binuclear Pt(II) and binuclear mixed-valence Pt(II)-Pt(IV) complexes toward oxidative addition of MeI have been compared from a theoretical point of view. The nucleophilicity index and electron-donation power were calculated for each of these complexes. The energies of HOMO and dZ2 orbital were determined for these complexes. Very good correlations were found between logk2 (k2 is the experimentally determined second order rate constant for the oxidative addition of MeI on these complexes) and nucleophilicity index or electron-donation power for these complexes. The correlation between logk2 and the energy of HOMO or the energy of dZ2 orbital were also very good. The condensed-to-atom Fukui functions for electrophilic attack on these complexes showed that the Pt(II) center is the preferred site for the oxidative addition of MeI. All of these observations are in agreement with the proposed SN2 type mechanism in the oxidative addition of MeI on the Pt(II) center in these complexes.

  4. The ligand effect on the hydrolytic reactivity of Zn(II) complexes toward phosphate diesters.

    PubMed

    Bonfá, Lodovico; Gatos, Maddalena; Mancin, Fabrizio; Tecilla, Paolo; Tonellato, Umberto

    2003-06-16

    The catalytic effects of the Zn(II) complexes of a series of poliaminic ligands in the hydrolysis of the activated phosphodiesters bis-p-nitrophenyl phosphate (BNP) and 2-hydroxypropyl-p-nitrophenyl phosphate (HPNP) have been investigated. The reactions show first-order rate dependency on both substrate and metal ion complex and a pH dependence which is diagnostic of the acid dissociation of the reactive species. The mechanism of the metal catalyzed transesterification of HPNP has been assessed by solvent isotopic kinetic effect studies and involves the intramolecular nucleophilic attack of the substrate alcoholic group, activated by metal ion coordination. The intrinsic reactivity of the different complexes is controlled by the nature and structure of the ligand: complexes of tridentate ligands, particularly if characterized by a facial coordination mode, are more reactive than those of tetradentate ligands which can hardly allow binding sites for the substrate. In the case of tridentate ligands that form complexes with a facial coordination mode, a linear Brønsted correlation between the reaction rate (log k) and the pK(a) of the active nucleophile is obtained. The beta(nuc) values are 0.75 for the HPNP transesterification and 0.20 for the BNP hydrolysis. These values are indicated as the result of the combination of two opposite Lewis acid effects of the Zn(II) ion: the activation of the substrate and the efficiency of the metal coordinated nucleophile. The latter factor apparently prevails in determining the intrinsic reactivity of the Zn(II) complexes.

  5. Polymers containing nickel(II) complexes of Goedken's macrocycle: optimized synthesis and electrochemical characterization.

    PubMed

    Paquette, Joseph A; Sauvé, Ethan R; Gilroy, Joe B

    2015-04-01

    The synthesis and characterization of a new class of nickel-containing polymers is described. The optimized copolymerization of alkyne-bearing nickel(II) complexes of Goedken's macrocycle (4,11-dihydro-5,7,12,14-tetramethyldibenzo[b,i][1,4,8,11]tetraazacyclotetradecine) and brominated 9,9-dihexylfluorene produced polymers with potential application as functional redox-active materials. The title polymers exhibit electrochemically reversible, ligand-centered oxidation events at 0.24 and 0.73 V versus the ferrocene/ferrocenium redox couple. They also display exceptional thermal stability and interesting absorption properties due to the presence of the macrocyclic nickel(II) complexes and π-conjugated units incorporated in their backbones. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Divalent and trivalent gas-phase coordination complexes of californium: evaluating the stability of Cf(II)

    DOE PAGES

    Dau, Phuong D.; Shuh, David K.; Sturzbecher-Hoehne, Manuel; ...

    2016-07-07

    The divalent oxidation state is increasingly stable relative to the trivalent state for the later actinide elements, with californium the first actinide to exhibit divalent chemistry under moderate conditions. Although there is evidence for divalent Cf in solution and solid compounds, there are no reports of discrete complexes in which Cf II is coordinated by anionic ligands. Described here is the divalent Cf methanesulfinate coordination complex, Cf II(CH 3SO 2) 3-, prepared in the gas phase by reductive elimination of CH 3SO 2 from Cf III(CH 3SO 2) 4-. Comparison with synthesis of the corresponding Sm and Cm complexes revealsmore » reduction of CfIII and SmIII, and no evidence for reduction of Cm III. This reflects the comparative 3+/2+ reduction potentials: Cf 3+ (-1.60 V) ≈ Sm 3+ (-1.55 V) >> Cm 3+ (-3.7 V). Association of O 2 to the divalent complexes is attributed to formation of superoxides, with recovery of the trivalent oxidation state. Lastly, the new gas-phase chemistry of californium, now the heaviest element to have been studied in this manner, provides evidence for Cf II coordination complexes and similar chemistry of Cf and Sm.« less

  7. Divalent and trivalent gas-phase coordination complexes of californium: evaluating the stability of Cf(II)

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Dau, Phuong D.; Shuh, David K.; Sturzbecher-Hoehne, Manuel

    The divalent oxidation state is increasingly stable relative to the trivalent state for the later actinide elements, with californium the first actinide to exhibit divalent chemistry under moderate conditions. Although there is evidence for divalent Cf in solution and solid compounds, there are no reports of discrete complexes in which Cf II is coordinated by anionic ligands. Described here is the divalent Cf methanesulfinate coordination complex, Cf II(CH 3SO 2) 3-, prepared in the gas phase by reductive elimination of CH 3SO 2 from Cf III(CH 3SO 2) 4-. Comparison with synthesis of the corresponding Sm and Cm complexes revealsmore » reduction of CfIII and SmIII, and no evidence for reduction of Cm III. This reflects the comparative 3+/2+ reduction potentials: Cf 3+ (-1.60 V) ≈ Sm 3+ (-1.55 V) >> Cm 3+ (-3.7 V). Association of O 2 to the divalent complexes is attributed to formation of superoxides, with recovery of the trivalent oxidation state. Lastly, the new gas-phase chemistry of californium, now the heaviest element to have been studied in this manner, provides evidence for Cf II coordination complexes and similar chemistry of Cf and Sm.« less

  8. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, electrochemistry and biological evaluation of some metal (II) complexes with ONO donor ligand containing benzo[b]thiophene and coumarin moieties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahendra Raj, K.; Mruthyunjayaswamy, B. H. M.

    2014-09-01

    Schiff base ligand 3-chloro-N‧-((7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzo[b]thiophene-2-carbohydrazide and its Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes were synthesized, characterized by elemental analysis and various physico-chemical techniques like, IR, 1H NMR, ESI-mass, UV-Visible, thermogravimetry - differential thermal analysis, magnetic measurements and molar conductance. Spectral analysis indicates octahedral geometry for all the complexes. Cu(II) complex have 1:1 stoichiometry of the type [M(L)(Cl)(H2O)2], whereas Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes have 1:2 stoichiometric ratio of the type [M(L)2]. The bonding sites are the oxygen atom of amide carbonyl, nitrogen of azomethine function and phenolic oxygen of the Schiff base ligand via deprotonation. The thermogravimetry - differential thermal analysis studies gave evidence for the presence of coordinated water molecules in the composition of Cu(II) complex which was further supported by IR measurements. All the complexes were investigated for their electrochemical activity, but only the Cu(II) complex showed the redox property. In order to evaluate the effect of antimicrobial potency of metal ions upon chelation, ligand and its metal complexes along with their respective metal chlorides were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. The results showed that the metal complexes were found to be more active than free ligand. Ligand and its complexes were screened for free radical scavenging activity by DPPH method and DNA cleavage activity using Calf-thymus DNA (Cat. No-105850).

  9. Chitosan-bound pyridinedicarboxylate Ni(II) and Fe(III) complex biopolymer films as waste water decyanidation agents.

    PubMed

    Adewuyi, Sheriff; Jacob, Julianah Modupe; Olaleye, Oluwatoyin Omolola; Abdulraheem, Taofiq Olanrewaju; Tayo, Jubril Ayopo; Oladoyinbo, Fatai Oladipupo

    2016-10-20

    Chitosan is a biopolymer with immense structural advantage for chemical and mechanical modifications to generate novel properties, functions and applications. This work depicts new pyridinedicarboxylicacid (PDC) crosslinked chitosan-metal ion films as veritable material for cyanide ion removal from aqueous solution. The PDC-crosslinked chitosan-metal films (PDC-Chit-Ni(II) and PDC-Chit-Fe(III)) were formed by complexing PDC-crosslinked chitosan film with anhydrous nickel(II) and iron(III) chloride salts respectively. The PDC-Chit and its metal films were characterized employing various analytical and spectroscopic techniques. The FT-IR, UV-vis and the XRD results confirm the presence of the metal ions in the metal coordinated PDC-crosslinked chitosan film. The surface morphological difference of PDC-Chit-Ni(II) film before and after decyanidation was explored with scanning electron microscopy. Furthermore, the quantitative amount of nickel(II) and iron(III) present in the complex were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer as 32.3 and 37.2μg/g respectively which portends the biopolymer film as a good complexing agent. Removal of cyanide from aqueous solution with PDC-Chit, PDC-Chit-Ni(II) and PDC-Chit-Fe(III) films was studied with batch equilibrium experiments. At equilibrium, decyanidation capacity (DC) followed the order PDC-Chit-Ni (II)≈PDC-Chit-Fe(III)>PDC-Chit. PDC-Chit-Ni(II) film gave 100% CN(-) removal within 40min decyanidation owing to favorable coordination geometry. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Synthesis, characterisation and catalytic activity of 4, 5-imidazoledicarboxylate ligated Co(II) and Cd(II) metal-organic coordination complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gangu, Kranthi Kumar; Maddila, Suresh; Mukkamala, Saratchandra Babu; Jonnalagadda, Sreekantha B.

    2017-09-01

    Two mono nuclear coordination complexes, namely, [Co(4,5-Imdc)2 (H2O)2] (1) and [Cd(4,5-Imdc)2(H2O)3]·H2O (2) were constructed using Co(II) and Cd(II) metal salts with 4,5-Imidazoledicarboxylic acid (4,5-Imdc) as organic ligand. Both 1, 2 were structurally characterized by single crystal XRD and the results reveal that 1 belongs to P21/n space group with unit cell parameters [a = 5.0514(3) Å, b = 22.5786(9) Å, c = 6.5377(3) Å, β = 111.5°] whereas, 2 belongs to P21/c space group with unit cell parameters [a = 6.9116(1) Å, b = 17.4579(2) Å, c = 13.8941(2) Å, β = 97.7°]. While Co(II) in 1 exhibited a six coordination geometry with 4,5-Imdc and water molecules, Cd(II) ion in 2 showed a seven coordination with the same ligand and solvent. In both 1 and 2, the hydrogen bond interactions with mononuclear unit generated 3D-supramolecular structures. Both complexes exhibit solid state fluorescent emission at room temperature. The efficacy of both the complexes as heterogeneous catalysts was examined in the green synthesis of six pyrano[2,3,c]pyrazole derivatives with ethanol as solvent via one-pot reaction between four components, a mixture of aromatic aldehyde, malononitrile, hydrazine hydrate and dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate. Both 1 and 2 have produced pyrano [2,3,c]pyrazoles in impressive yields (92-98%) at room temperature in short interval of times (<20 min), with no need for any chromatographic separations. With good stability, ease of preparation and recovery plus reusability up to six cycles, both 1 and 2 prove to be excellent environmental friendly catalysts for the value-added organic transformations using green principles.

  11. Multifrequency Pulsed EPR Studies of Biologically Relevant Manganese(II) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Stich, T. A.; Lahiri, S.; Yeagle, G.; Dicus, M.; Brynda, M.; Gunn, A.; Aznar, C.; DeRose, V. J.; Britt, R. D.

    2011-01-01

    Electron paramagnetic resonance studies at multiple frequencies (MF EPR) can provide detailed electronic structure descriptions of unpaired electrons in organic radicals, inorganic complexes, and metalloenzymes. Analysis of these properties aids in the assignment of the chemical environment surrounding the paramagnet and provides mechanistic insight into the chemical reactions in which these systems take part. Herein, we present results from pulsed EPR studies performed at three different frequencies (9, 31, and 130 GHz) on [Mn(II)(H2O)6]2+, Mn(II) adducts with the nucleotides ATP and GMP, and the Mn(II)-bound form of the hammerhead ribozyme (MnHH). Through line shape analysis and interpretation of the zero-field splitting values derived from successful simulations of the corresponding continuous-wave and field-swept echo-detected spectra, these data are used to exemplify the ability of the MF EPR approach in distinguishing the nature of the first ligand sphere. A survey of recent results from pulsed EPR, as well as pulsed electron-nuclear double resonance and electron spin echo envelope modulation spectroscopic studies applied to Mn(II)-dependent systems, is also presented. PMID:22190766