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Sample records for inconel x750

  1. Improved nickel plating of Inconel X-750

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Farmer, M. E.; Feeney, J. E.; Kuster, C. A.

    1969-01-01

    Electroplating technique with acid pickling provides a method of applying nickel plating on Inconel X-750 tubing to serve as a wetting agent during brazing. Low-stress nickel-plating bath contains no organic wetting agents that cause the nickel to blister at high temperatures.

  2. Effect of cold drawing ratio on γ′ precipitation in Inconel X-750

    SciTech Connect

    Ha, Jeong Won; Research and Development Center, KOS Limited, Yangsan 626-230; Seong, Baek Seok

    2014-10-15

    Inconel X-750 is a Ni-based precipitation-hardened superalloy having large tensile and fracture strengths. In the study, X-750 wires were cold drawn to different extents. Small angle neutron scattering was employed to quantitatively measure the size and volume fraction of the γ′ phase as a function of the cold drawing ratio (DR) and aging temperature. The presence and size of γ′ precipitates were confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. The drawing ratio had an important effect on the volume fraction of the γ′ precipitates. However, the size of the precipitates was independent on the drawing ratio. The specimen with the minimum drawingmore » ratio (DR0) produced the largest volume fraction of γ′ as compared with large drawing ratio (DR) specimens such as DR17 and DR42. The small volume fraction of the γ′ phase for a sizeable drawing ratio was associated with the large amount of nucleation sites for secondary carbides, M{sub 23}C{sub 6}, and the fast diffusion path, i.e., dislocation, needed to form M{sub 23}C{sub 6}. A Cr depletion zone around the secondary carbides raised the solubility of γ′. Therefore, the significant drawing ratio contributing to the large volume fraction of the secondary carbides decreased the volume fraction of the γ′ precipitates in Inconel X-750. - Highlights: • The volume fraction of secondary carbides increased with the drawing ratio. • The volume fraction of γ′ decreased as the drawing ratio increased. • The drawing ratio affected the γ′ volume fraction with no variation of the γ' size. • The volume fraction of γ′ was affected by the secondary carbide volume fraction.« less

  3. Thermal-mechanical fatigue crack growth in Inconel X-750

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marchand, N.; Pelloux, R. M.

    1984-01-01

    Thermal-mechanical fatigue crack growth (TMFCG) was studied in a gamma-gamma' nickel base superalloy Inconel X-750 under controlled load amplitude in the temperature range from 300 to 650 C. In-phase (T sub max at sigma sub max), out-of-phase (T sub min at sigma sub max), and isothermal tests at 650 C were performed on single-edge notch bars under fully reversed cyclic conditions. A dc electrical potential method was used to measure crack length. The electrical potential response obtained for each cycle of a given wave form and R value yields information on crack closure and crack extension per cycle. The macroscopic crack growth rates are reported as a function of delta k and the relative magnitude of the TMFCG are discussed in the light of the potential drop information and of the fractographic observations.

  4. Effects of the aging temperature and stress relaxation conditions on γ‧ precipitation in Inconel X-750

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ha, Jeong Won; Seong, Baek Seok; Jeong, Hi Won; Choi, Yoon Suk; Kang, Namhyun

    2015-02-01

    Inconel X-750 is a Ni-based precipitation-hardened superalloy typically used in springs designed for high-temperature applications such as the hold-down springs in nuclear power plants. γ‧ is a major precipitate in X-750 alloys which affects the strength, creep resistance, and stress relaxation properties of the spring. In this study, a solution-treated X-750 wire coiled into a spring was used that was aged at various temperatures and submitted to stress relaxation tests with and without loading. Small angle neutron scattering was employed to quantify the size and volume fraction of γ‧ phase in the springs as a function of the aging temperature and the application of a load during stress relaxation. The volume fraction of γ‧ precipitates increased in the specimen aged at 732 °C following stress relaxation at 500 °C for 300 h. However, the mean size of the precipitates in the samples was not affected by stress relaxation. The specimen aged at the lower temperature (620 °C) contained a smaller γ‧ volume fraction and gained a smaller fraction of γ‧ during stress relaxation compared with the sample aged at the higher temperature (732 °C). The smaller increase in the γ‧ volume fraction for the sample aged at 620 °C was associated with a larger increase in the M23C6 secondary carbide content during relaxation. The Cr depletion zone around the secondary carbides raises the solubility of γ‧ thereby decreasing the volume fraction of γ‧ precipitates in Inconel X-750. In terms of stress relaxation, a larger increase in the γ‧ volume fraction was measured with loading rather than without. This is probably associated with the dislocation accumulation generated under loading that facilitate the nucleation and growth of heterogeneous γ‧ phase due to enhanced diffusion.

  5. Intergranular fracture in irradiated Inconel X-750 containing very high concentrations of helium and hydrogen

    SciTech Connect

    Judge, Colin D.; Gauquelin, Nicolas; Walters, Lori

    2015-02-01

    In recent years, it has been determined that Inconel X-750 CANDU spacers have lost strength and material ductility following irradiation in reactor. The irradiated fracture behaviour of ex-service material was also found to be entirely intergranular. The heavily thermalized flux spectrum in a CANDU reactor results in transmutation of 58Ni to 59Ni. The 59Ni itself has unusually high thermal neutron reaction cross-sections of the type: (n, γ), (n, p), and (n,α). The latter two reactions, in particular, contribute to a significant enhancement of the atomic displacements in addition to creating high concentrations of hydrogen and helium within the material. Metallographicmore » examinations by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) have confirmed the presence of helium bubbles in the matrix and aligned along grain boundaries and matrix-precipitate interfaces. He bubble size and density are found to be highly dependent on the irradiation temperature and material microstructure; the bubbles are larger within grain boundary precipitates. TEM specimens extracted from fracture surfaces and crack tips give direct evidence linking crack propagation with grain boundary He bubbles.« less

  6. Microstructural evolution of CANDU spacer material Inconel X-750 under in situ ion irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, He Ken; Yao, Zhongwen; Judge, Colin; Griffiths, Malcolm

    2013-11-01

    Work on Inconel®Inconel® is a registered trademark of Special Metals Corporation that refers to a family of austenitic nickel-chromium-based superalloys.1 X-750 spacers removed from CANDU®CANDU® is a registered trademark of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited standing for ''CANada Deuterium Uranium''.2 reactors has shown that they become embrittled and there is development of many small cavities within the metal matrix and along grain boundaries. In order to emulate the neutron irradiation induced microstructural changes, heavy ion irradiations (1 MeV Kr2+ ions) were performed while observing the damage evolution using an intermediate voltage electron microscope (IVEM) operating at 200 kV. The irradiations were carried out at various temperatures 60-400 °C. The principal strengthening phase, γ‧, was disordered at low doses (˜0.06 dpa) during the irradiation. M23C6 carbides were found to be stable up to 5.4 dpa. Lattice defects consisted mostly of stacking fault tetrahedras (SFTs), 1/2<1 1 0> perfect loops and small 1/3<1 1 1> faulted Frank loops. The ratio of SFT number density to loop number density for each irradiation condition was found to be neither temperature nor dose dependent. Under the operation of the ion beam the SFT production was very rapid, with no evidence for further growth once formed, indicating that they probably formed as a result of cascade collapse in a single cascade. The number density of the defects was found to saturate at low dose (˜0.68 dpa). No cavities were observed regardless of the irradiation temperature between 60 °C and 400 °C for doses up to 5.4 dpa. In contrast, cavities have been observed after neutron irradiation in the same material at similar doses and temperatures indicating that helium, produce during neutron irradiation, may be essential for the nucleation and growth of cavities.

  7. Development of a 750x750 pixels CMOS imager sensor for tracking applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larnaudie, Franck; Guardiola, Nicolas; Saint-Pé, Olivier; Vignon, Bruno; Tulet, Michel; Davancens, Robert; Magnan, Pierre; Corbière, Franck; Martin-Gonthier, Philippe; Estribeau, Magali

    2017-11-01

    Solid-state optical sensors are now commonly used in space applications (navigation cameras, astronomy imagers, tracking sensors...). Although the charge-coupled devices are still widely used, the CMOS image sensor (CIS), which performances are continuously improving, is a strong challenger for Guidance, Navigation and Control (GNC) systems. This paper describes a 750x750 pixels CMOS image sensor that has been specially designed and developed for star tracker and tracking sensor applications. Such detector, that is featuring smart architecture enabling very simple and powerful operations, is built using the AMIS 0.5μm CMOS technology. It contains 750x750 rectangular pixels with 20μm pitch. The geometry of the pixel sensitive zone is optimized for applications based on centroiding measurements. The main feature of this device is the on-chip control and timing function that makes the device operation easier by drastically reducing the number of clocks to be applied. This powerful function allows the user to operate the sensor with high flexibility: measurement of dark level from masked lines, direct access to the windows of interest… A temperature probe is also integrated within the CMOS chip allowing a very precise measurement through the video stream. A complete electro-optical characterization of the sensor has been performed. The major parameters have been evaluated: dark current and its uniformity, read-out noise, conversion gain, Fixed Pattern Noise, Photo Response Non Uniformity, quantum efficiency, Modulation Transfer Function, intra-pixel scanning. The characterization tests are detailed in the paper. Co60 and protons irradiation tests have been also carried out on the image sensor and the results are presented. The specific features of the 750x750 image sensor such as low power CMOS design (3.3V, power consumption<100mW), natural windowing (that allows efficient and robust tracking algorithms), simple proximity electronics (because of the on

  8. Oxidation Behaviors of Inconel 740H in Air and Dynamic Steam

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Jintao; Yang, Zhen; Xu, Songqian; Zhao, Haiping; Gu, Y.

    2016-08-01

    Inconel 740H alloy is a candidate material for 700°C advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) coal-fired power plants application as superheater/reheater tube. In this work, oxidation behavior of Inconel 740H alloy was studied in static air at 750°C and 850°C, and in dynamic pure steam at 750°C, respectively. The alloy was oxidized approximately following a parabolic law in three test environment. In the static air, the oxidation rate at 850°C was about 50 times of that at the 750°C. More NiCrMn spinal and TiO2 were detected after oxidation at 850°C. Cr2O3, however, was the main oxidation product at 750°C. In the pure steam, Cr2O3 was still the main oxidation product. The oxidation rate was about 2.6 times of that in static air, but the surface roughness was much smaller and edges of oxide particles were more blurred. There was no evidence of cracks or spallation in three test environments.

  9. High strength kiloampere Bi 2Sr 2CaCu 2O x cables for high-field magnet applications

    DOE PAGES

    Shen, Tengming; Li, Pei; Jiang, Jianyi; ...

    2015-04-17

    Multifilamentary Ag-sheathed Bi 2Sr 2CaCu 2O x (Bi-2212) wire can carry sufficient critical current density J c for the development of powerful superconducting magnets. But, the range of its applications is limited by the low mechanical strength of the Ag/Bi-2212 strand. A potential solution is to cable Ag/Bi-2212 wire with high-strength materials that are compatible with the Bi-2212 heat treatment in an oxygen atmosphere. Past attempts have not always been successful, because the high-strength materials reacted with Bi-2212 wires, significantly reducing their J c. We examined the nature of reactions occurring when Ag/Bi-2212 wires are heat-treated in direct contact withmore » several commonly used high-strength alloys and a new Fe-Cr-Al alloy. INCONEL X750 and INCONEL 600 resulted in significant J c loss, whereas Ni80-Cr caused little or no J c loss; however, all of them formed chromium oxide that subsequently reacted with silver, creating cracks in the silver sheath. We found that Fe-Cr-Al did not show significant reactions with Ag/Bi-2212 strands. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray (EDS) examinations revealed that the Fe-Cr-Al alloy benefits from the formation of a uniform, crack-free, continuous alumina layer on its surface that does not react with Ag and that helps minimize the Cu loss found with INCONEL X750 and INCONEL 600. We then fabricated prototype 6-around-1 cables with six Bi-2212 strands twisted and transposed around an Fe-Cr-Al alloy core coated with TiO 2. After standard 1 bar melt processing, the cable retained 100% of the total current-carrying capability of its strands, and, after a 10 bar overpressure processing, the cable reached a total current of 1025 A at 4.2 K and 10 T. Tensile tests showed that Fe-Cr-Al becomes brittle after being cooled to 4.2 K, whereas INCONEL X750 remains ductile and retains a modulus of 183 GPa. Finally. we proposed new cable designs that take advantage of the chemical compatibility of Fe

  10. Friction and Wear Characteristics of Candidate Foil Bearing Materials from 25 C to 800 C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    DellaCorte, C.; Laskowski, J. A.

    1996-01-01

    The friction and wear behavior of unlubricated metal/metal sliding couples was investigated to screen potential candidates for high temperature foil bearings. The tribo-tests were run in an induction-heated high temperature pin-on-disk tribometer in an air atmosphere at a load of 4.9 N and at a sliding velocity of 1 m/s. The friction and wear properties of several nickel based alloys (Rene'41, Inconel X-750, Inconel 713C), iron based alloys (MA956 and Inconel 909) and a ceramic (Al2O3) were tested at 25, 500, and 800 C. In general, at elevated temperatures the alloys oxidized and formed a tenacious and lubricous oxide surface film or layer. At 800 C, Inconel X-750 versus Rene'41 had the lowest friction coefficient (0.27) and at 500 C, Inconel X-750 versus Inconel 909 the lowest pin wear (2.84 x 10(exp -6)cu mm/N-m). Gouging and severe wear of the softer material occurred whenever a significant difference in hardness existed between the pin and disk specimens.

  11. Diffusion of Hydrogen and Helium in Inconel 625

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Palosz, W.; Gillies, D.; Lehoczky, S.

    2006-01-01

    Diffusion parameters for hydrogen and helium in Inconel 625 were investigated. The dependence of permeability of hydrogen in the temperature range 310 - 750 C is given. Solubility of hydrogen at 1 atm in the range 640 - 860 C was determined and diffusivity of the gas was calculated. Experiments with diffusion and solubility at 0.09 atm suggest a molecular mechanism of solution of hydrogen in the material. Diffusivity of helium was estimated at less than 10(exp -18) sq cm/s (at 1040 C).

  12. Microstructural Changes in Inconel 740 After Long-Term Aging in the Presence and Absence of Stress

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Unocic, K. A.; Shingledecker, J. P.; Tortorelli, P. F.

    2014-12-01

    The Ni-based alloy, Inconel® 740, is being extensively examined for use in advanced ultrasupercritical steam boilers because its precipitation-strengthened microstructure appears to offer the necessary creep strength under the high temperatures and pressures (up to 760°C and 35 MPa) needed for high efficiency power generation. However, because this application requires extremely long lifetimes under these conditions (up to 30 years), long-term microstructure stability is a major concern. In this paper, results from microstructural analyses of Inconel 740 specimens aged at 700 and 750°C in the presence and absence of creep loading for times up to ~31,000 h are presented. The primary focus was on the development of the eta η (Ni3Ti) phase and coarsening of coherent γ'-Ni3(Al,Ti) precipitates and its depletion near eta/matrix interfaces. However, despite these processes, Inconel 740 showed adequate long-term microstructural stability to assure adequate creep strength for the intended application.

  13. Surface chemistry and corrosion behavior of Inconel 625 and 718 in subcritical, supercritical, and ultrasupercritical water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez, David; Merwin, Augustus; Karmiol, Zachary; Chidambaram, Dev

    2017-05-01

    Corrosion behavior of Inconel 625 and 718 in subcritical, supercritical and ultrasupercritical water was studied as a function of temperature and time. The change in the chemistry of the as-received surface film on Inconel 625 and 718 after exposure to subcritical water at 325 °C and supercritical water at 425 °C and 527.5 °C for 2 h was studied. After exposure to 325 °C subcritical water, the CrO42- based film formed; however minor quantities of NiFexCr2-xO4 spinel compounds were observed. The oxide film formed on both alloys when exposed to supercritical water at 425 °C consisted of NiFexCr2-xO4 spinel. The surface films on both alloys were identified as NiFe2O4 when exposed to supercritical water at 527.5 °C. To characterize the fully developed oxide layer, studies were conducted at test solution temperatures of 527.5 and 600 °C. Samples were exposed to these temperatures for 24, 96, and 200 h. Surface chemistry was analyzed using X-ray diffraction, as well as Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies. Inconel 718 exhibited greater mass gain than Inconel 625 for all temperatures and exposure times. The differences in corrosion behavior of the two alloys are attributed to the lower content of chromium and increased iron content of Inconel 718 as compared to Inconel 625.

  14. Microstructural Changes in Inconel ® 740 After Long-Term Aging in the Presence and Absence of Stress

    DOE PAGES

    Unocic, Kinga A.; Shingledecker, John Paul; Tortorelli, Peter F.

    2014-11-18

    The Ni-based alloy, Inconel ® 740, is being extensively examined for use in advanced ultrasupercritical steam boilers because its precipitation-strengthened microstructure appears to offer the necessary creep strength under the high temperatures and pressures (up to 760°C and 35 MPa) needed for high efficiency power generation. However, because this application requires extremely long lifetimes under these conditions (up to 30 years), long-term microstructure stability is a major concern. In this study, results from microstructural analyses of Inconel 740 specimens aged at 700 and 750°C in the presence and absence of creep loading for times up to ~31,000 h are presented.more » The primary focus was on the development of the eta η (Ni 3Ti) phase and coarsening of coherent γ'-Ni 3(Al,Ti) precipitates and its depletion near eta/matrix interfaces. Finally, however, despite these processes, Inconel 740 showed adequate long-term microstructural stability to assure adequate creep strength for the intended application.« less

  15. Infrared Brazing of Ti50Ni50 Shape Memory Alloy and Inconel 600 Alloy with Two Ag-Cu-Ti Active Braze Alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shiue, Ren-Kae; Wu, Shyi-Kaan; Yang, Sheng-Hao

    2017-02-01

    Infrared brazing of Ti50Ni50 SMA and Inconel 600 alloy using Cusil-ABA and Ticusil filler metals has been investigated. The joints were dominated by Ag-Cu eutectic with proeutectic Cu in the Cusil-ABA brazed joint and with proeutectic Ag in the Ticusil one. A continuous curved belt composed of a Ni3Ti layer and a (Cu x Ni1- x )2Ti layer formed in the brazed Ti50Ni50/Ticusil/Inconel 600 joint. On the Ti50Ni50 SMA side, an intermetallic layer of (Cu x Ni1- x )2Ti formed in all joints, with x values around 0.81 and 0.47. Layers of (Cu x Ni1- x )2Ti, Ni3Ti, and mixed Ni3Ti and Ni2Cr intermetallics were observed next to the Inconel 600 substrate in the brazed Ti50Ni50/Cusil-ABA/Inconel 600 joint. The maximum shear strengths of the joints using the Cusil-ABA filler metal and the Ticusil filler metal were 324 and 300 MPa, respectively. In the Cusil-ABA brazed joint, cracks with cleavage-dominated fracture propagated along the (Cu x Ni1- x )2Ti interfacial layer next to the Ti50Ni50 SMA substrate. In the Ticusil brazed joint, ductile dimple fracture occurred in the Ag-rich matrix near the Inconel 600 alloy substrate. The absence of a detrimental Ti-Fe-(Cu) layer on the Inconel 600 substrate side can effectively improve the shear strength of the joint.

  16. Microstructural Evolution of Inconel 625 and Inconel 686CPT Weld Metal for Clad Carbon Steel Linepipe Joints: A Comparator Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maltin, Charles A.; Galloway, Alexander M.; Mweemba, Martin

    2014-07-01

    Microstructural evolution of Inconel 625 and Inconel 686CPT filler metals, used for the fusion welding of clad carbon steel linepipe, has been investigated and compared. The effects of iron dilution from the linepipe parent material on the elemental segregation potential of the filler metal chemistry have been considered. The results obtained provide significant evidence to support the view that, in Inconel 686CPT weld metal, the segregation of tungsten is a function of the level of iron dilution from the parent material. The data presented indicate that the incoherent phase precipitated in the Inconel 686CPT weld metal has a morphology that is dependent on tungsten enrichment and, therefore, iron dilution. Furthermore, in the same weld metal, a continuous network of finer precipitates was observed. The Charpy impact toughness of each filler metal was evaluated, and the results highlighted the superior impact toughness of the Inconel 625 weld metal over that of Inconel 686CPT.

  17. Improved Seals for High Temperature Airframe Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    DeMange, Jeffrey J.; Dunlap, Patrick H.; Steinetz, Bruce M.

    2006-01-01

    Current thermal barrier seals, such as those used on the Space Shuttle, are insufficient to fully meet the demands of future hypersonic vehicles and reentry spacecraft. Previous investigations have demonstrated limited usage temperatures, as evidenced by a decreased ability to maintain sealing effectiveness at high temperatures (i.e., inadequate resiliency). In order to improve resiliency at elevated temperatures, Rene 41 (Allvac) was substituted for Inconel X-750 (Special Metals Corp.) as the spring tube material in the existing seal design. A seal construction incorporating the Rene 41 spring tube was fabricated and tested against the baseline Inconel X-750 spring tube seal. Although resiliency improvements were not as dramatic as in previous tests with the spring tubes alone, seals incorporating the Rene 41 spring tube exhibited an average 20 percent resiliency enhancement up to 1750 F when compared to seals containing the Inconel spring tube. In addition, the seals with the Rene 41 spring tubes showed less reduction in resiliency as temperatures increased above 1200 F. Results also indicated the Saffil (Saffil Ltd.) insulation in the core of the seal contributed more to resiliency than previously thought. Leakage data did not demonstrate an improvement with the seal containing the Rene 41 spring tube. However, based upon resiliency results, one could reasonably expect the Rene 41 version of the seal to track gap openings over a wider range. Therefore it would exhibit lower leakage than the Inconel X-750 version as the seal gap opens during a typical mission.

  18. Corrosion Performance of Inconel 625 in High Sulphate Content

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ismail, Azzura

    2016-05-01

    Inconel 625 (UNS N06625) is a type of nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy with excellent corrosion resistance in a wide range of corrosive media, being especially resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion. However, in aggressive environment, Inconel 625 will suffer corrosion attack like other metals. This research compared the corrosion performance of Inconel 625 when exposed to higher sulphate content compared to real seawater. The results reveal that Inconel 625 is excellent in resist the corrosion attack in seawater. However, at increasing temperature, the corrosion resistance of this metal decrease. The performance is same in seawater with high sulphate content at increasing temperature. It can be concluded that sulphate promote perforation on Inconel 625 and become aggressive agents that accelerate the corrosion attack.

  19. The effect of zinc injection on the increasing of Inconel 600 TT corrosion resistances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Febrianto; Sriyono; Widodo, Surip; Sunaryo, Geni Rina

    2018-02-01

    Many failures were found in reactor pressure vessel head penetration (RPV) head material. Those failures caused by boric acid corrosion, and from visual examination were found a big hole and white deposit crystal of boric acid during shutdown maintenance at David Besse reactor. Zinc Oxide addition in BWR reactor known as Zinc Injection that has purposed to reduce radiation exposure cause of Hydrogen addition. Beside reducing the radiation exposure, Zinc injection also has an effect in reducing material corrosion. The purpose of study is to determine the effect of zinc addition, boric acid, temperature also the effects of Cobalt Nitrate and Zinc Oxide addition to Inconel 600 TT as RPV head penetration material. The result in the BWR reactor experience will be implementated at PWR reactor, weather zinc oxide addition also has an effect in reducing the corrosion of Inconel 600. The method that used in this research is to observe the corrosion rates for Inconel 600 material using Potentiostat. Examination were conducted in 30, 40, 60, 70, 80 and 80 °C using 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500 and 3000 ppm boric acid concentration. The results showed that the corrosion rate for the material were very small, but the highest corrosion rate occurred in 3000 ppm boric acid concentration at 90 °C with Cobalt Nitrate addition, around 5.210 x 10-1 mpy. In the same condition at 3000 ppm boric acid concentration for temperature at 90 °C, Inconel 600 TT corrosion rate is smaller with Zinc oxide addition, around 4.631 x 10-1 mpy.

  20. Magnetic susceptibility of Inconel alloys 718, 625, and 600 at cryogenic temperatures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goldberg, Ira B.; Mitchell, Michael R.; Murphy, Allan R.; Goldfarb, Ronald B.; Loughran, Robert J.

    1990-01-01

    After a hydrogen fuel bleed valve problem on the Discovery Space Shuttle was traced to the strong magnetization of Inconel 718 in the armature of the linear variable differential transformer near liquid hydrogen temperatures, the ac magnetic susceptibility of three samples of Inconel 718 of slightly different compositions, one sample of Inconel 625, and on sample of Inconel 600 were measured as a function of temperature. Inconel 718 alloys are found to exhibit a spin glass state below 16 K. Inconel 600 exhibits three different magnetic phases, the lowest-temperature state (below 6 K) being somewhat similar to that of Inconel 718. The magnetic states of the Inconel alloys and their magnetic susceptibilities appear to be strongly dependent on the exact composition of the alloy.

  1. Control of the kerf size and microstructure in Inconel 738 superalloy by femtosecond laser beam cutting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, J.; Ye, Y.; Sun, Z.; Liu, L.; Zou, G.

    2016-05-01

    Femtosecond laser beam cutting is becoming widely used to meet demands for increasing accuracy in micro-machining. In this paper, the effects of processing parameters in femtosecond laser beam cutting on the kerf size and microstructure in Inconel 738 have been investigated. The defocus, pulse width and scanning speed were selected to study the controllability of the cutting process. Adjusting and matching the processing parameters was a basic enhancement method to acquire well defined kerf size and the high-quality ablation of microstructures, which has contributed to the intensity clamping effect. The morphology and chemical compositions of these microstructures on the cut surface have been characterized by a scanning electron microscopy equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Additionally, the material removal mechanism and oxidation mechanism on the Inconel 738 cut surface have also been discussed on the basis of the femtosecond laser induced normal vaporization or phase explosion, and trapping effect of the dangling bonds.

  2. Baseline Fracture Toughness and CGR testing of alloys X-750 and XM-19 (EPRI Phase I)

    SciTech Connect

    J. H. Jackson; S. P. Teysseyre

    2012-10-01

    The Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) formed an agreement to test representative alloys used as reactor structural materials as a pilot program toward establishing guidelines for future ATR NSUF research programs. This report contains results from the portion of this program established as Phase I (of three phases) that entails baseline fracture toughness, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), and tensile testing of selected materials for comparison to similar tests conducted at GE Global Research. The intent of this Phase I research program is to determine baseline properties for the materials ofmore » interest prior to irradiation, and to ensure comparability between laboratories using similar testing techniques, prior to applying these techniques to the same materials after having been irradiated at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). The materials chosen for this research are the nickel based super alloy X-750, and nitrogen strengthened austenitic stainless steel XM-19. A spare core shroud upper support bracket of alloy X-750 was purchased by EPRI from Southern Co. and a section of XM-19 plate was purchased by EPRI from GE-Hitachi. These materials were sectioned at GE Global Research and provided to INL.« less

  3. Baseline Fracture Toughness and CGR testing of alloys X-750 and XM-19 (EPRI Phase I)

    SciTech Connect

    J. H. Jackson; S. P. Teysseyre

    2012-02-01

    The Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) formed an agreement to test representative alloys used as reactor structural materials as a pilot program toward establishing guidelines for future ATR NSUF research programs. This report contains results from the portion of this program established as Phase I (of three phases) that entails baseline fracture toughness, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), and tensile testing of selected materials for comparison to similar tests conducted at GE Global Research. The intent of this Phase I research program is to determine baseline properties for the materials ofmore » interest prior to irradiation, and to ensure comparability between laboratories using similar testing techniques, prior to applying these techniques to the same materials after having been irradiated at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). The materials chosen for this research are the nickel based super alloy X-750, and nitrogen strengthened austenitic stainless steel XM-19. A spare core shroud upper support bracket of alloy X-750 was purchased by EPRI from Southern Co. and a section of XM-19 plate was purchased by EPRI from GE-Hitachi. These materials were sectioned at GE Global Research and provided to INL.« less

  4. Effect of Sulfur and Chlorine on Fireside Corrosion Behavior of Inconel 740 H Superalloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin-tao, Lu; Yan, Li; Zhen, Yang; Jin-yang, Huang; Ming, Zhu; Gu, Y.

    2018-03-01

    Fireside corrosion behavior of Inconel 740H superalloy was studied at 750 °C in simulated coal ash/flue gas environments by means of XRD, SEM and EDS. The results indicated that the corrosion behavior was strongly related to the SO2 levels and was significantly affected by NaCl additions. In presence of the atmospheres with 0.1 % SO2, the alloy exhibited the highest corrosion resistance due to formation of a stable and dense Cr2O3 film. In presence of the atmosphere with 1.5 % SO2, however, a non-coherent and porous Cr2O3 film was formed. The thickness of film and internal sulfides were substantially increased. The NaCl additions significantly accelerated the corrosion process. A non-protective outer oxide film was formed, composed by multiple layers with serious inner sulfide and spallation. The depths of internal oxidizing and sulfuration zones were significantly increased. The mechanism of ash corrosion formation was also discussed.

  5. Ceramic-to-metal bonding for pressure transducers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mackenzie, J. D.

    1984-01-01

    A solid-state diffusion technique involving the placement of a gold foil between INCONEL X-750 and a machinable glass-ceramic "MACOR" was shown to be successful in bonding these two materials. This technique was selected after an exhaustive literature search on ceramic-metal bonding methods. Small expansion mismatch between the Inconel and the MACOR resulted in fracture of the MACOR when the bonded body was subjected to tensile stress of 535 psi. The bonded parts were submitted to a cyclic loading test in an air atmosphere at 1 Hz from 0 to 60 KPa. Failure was observed after 700,000 cycles at 650 C. Ceramic-Inconel bonding was not achieved with this method for boron nitride and silica glass.

  6. Laser cladding of Inconel 625-based composite coatings reinforced by porous chromium carbide particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janicki, Damian

    2017-09-01

    Inconel 625/Cr3C2 composite coatings were produced via a laser cladding process using Cr3C2 reinforcing particles presenting an open porosity of about 60%. A laser cladding system used consisted of a direct diode laser with a rectangular beam spot and the top-hat beam profile, and an off-axis powder injection nozzle. The microstructural characteristics of the coatings was investigated with the use of scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. A complete infiltration of the porous structure of Cr3C2 reinforcing particles and low degree of their dissolution have been achieved in a very narrow range of processing parameters. Crack-free composite coatings having a uniform distribution of the Cr3C2 particles and their fraction up to 36 vol% were produced. Comparative erosion tests between the Inconel 625/Cr3C2 composite coatings and the metallic Inconel 625 coatings were performed following the ASTM G 76 standard test method. It was found that the composite coatings have a significantly higher erosion resistance to that of metallic coatings for both 30° and 90° impingement angles. Additionally, the erosion performances of composite coatings were similar for both the normal and oblique impact conditions. The erosive wear behaviour of composite coatings is discussed and related to the unique microstructure of these coatings.

  7. Further Investigations of High Temperature Knitted Spring Tubes for Advanced Control Surface Seal Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Taylor, Shawn C.; DeMange, Jeffrey J.; Dunlap, Patrick H., Jr.; Steinetz, Bruce M.

    2006-01-01

    Knitted metallic spring tubes are the structural backbones that provide resiliency in control surface seals for use on current and future reusable space launch vehicles. Control surface seals fill the space between movable control surfaces such as body flaps, rudders and elevons, and the static body structures to which they are attached. These seals must remain in continuous contact with opposing surfaces to prevent the ingestion of damaging hot gases encountered during atmospheric re-entry. The Inconel X-750 (Special Metals Corporation) spring tube utilized in the baseline control surface seal shows significant resiliency loss when compressed at temperatures as low as 1200 F. High temperature compression testing and microstructural analysis show that creep is the dominant deformation mechanism leading to permanent set and resiliency loss in tested spring tube samples. Additional evaluation using a structured design of experiments approach shows that spring tube performance, primarily high temperature resiliency, can be enhanced through material substitution of Rene 41 (Allvac) alloy (for the baseline Inconel X-750 material) when coupled with specialized thermal processing.

  8. Novel microstructural growth in the surface of Inconel 625 by the addition of SiC under electron beam melting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmad, M.; Ali, G.; Ahmed, Ejaz; Haq, M. A.; Akhter, J. I.

    2011-06-01

    Electron beam melting is being used to modify the microstructure of the surfaces of materials due to its ability to cause localized melting and supercooling of the melt. This article presents an experimental study on the surface modification of Ni-based superalloy (Inconel 625) reinforced with SiC ceramic particles under electron beam melting. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction techniques have been applied to characterize the resulted microstructure. The results revealed growth of novel structures like wire, rod, tubular, pyramid, bamboo and tweezers type morphologies in the modified surface. In addition to that fibrous like structure was also observed. Formation of thin carbon sheet has been found at the regions of decomposed SiC. Electron beam modified surface of Inconel 625 alloy has been hardened twice as compared to the as-received samples. Surface hardening effect may be attributed to both the formation of the novel structures as well as the introduction of Si and C atom in the lattice of Inconel 625 alloy.

  9. 40 CFR 750.14 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Record. 750.14 Section 750.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PROCEDURES... Manufacturing Exemptions § 750.14 Record. Section 750.3 shall be applicable with the exception that the words...

  10. 40 CFR 750.14 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Record. 750.14 Section 750.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PROCEDURES... Manufacturing Exemptions § 750.14 Record. Section 750.3 shall be applicable with the exception that the words...

  11. 40 CFR 750.14 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Record. 750.14 Section 750.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PROCEDURES... Manufacturing Exemptions § 750.14 Record. Section 750.3 shall be applicable with the exception that the words...

  12. Evolution of microstructure of Haynes 230 and Inconel 617 under mechanical testing at high temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hrutkay, Kyle

    Haynes 230 and Inconel 617 are austenitic nickel based superalloys, which are candidate structural materials for next generation high temperature nuclear reactors. High temperature deformation behavior of Haynes 230 and Inconel 617 have been investigated at the microstructural level in order to gain a better understanding of mechanical properties. Tensile tests were performed at strain rates ranging from 10-3-10-5 s -1 at room temperature, 600 °C, 800 °C and 950 °C. Subsequent microstructural analysis, including Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy, and X-Ray Diffraction were used to relate the microstructural evolution at high temperatures to that of room temperature samples. Grain sizes and precipitate morphologies were used to determine high temperature behavior and fracture mechanics. Serrated flow was observed at intermediate and high temperatures as a result of discontinuous slip and dynamic recrystallization. The amplitude of serration increased with a decrease in the strain rate and increase in the temperature. Dynamic strain ageing was responsible for serrations at intermediate temperatures by means of a locking and unlocking phenomenon between dislocations and solute atoms. Dynamic recrystallization nucleated by grain and twin bulging resulting in a refinement of grain size. Existing models found in the literature were discussed to explain both of these phenomena.

  13. Corrosion of pre-oxidized nickel alloy X-750 in simulated BWR environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tuzi, Silvia; Lai, Haiping; Göransson, Kenneth; Thuvander, Mattias; Stiller, Krystyna

    2017-04-01

    Samples of pre-oxidized Alloy X-750 were exposed to a simulated boiling water reactor environment in an autoclave at a temperature of 286 °C and a pressure of 80 bar for four weeks. The effect of alloy iron content on corrosion was investigated by comparing samples with 5 and 8 wt% Fe, respectively. In addition, the effect of two different surface pre-treatments was investigated. The microstructure of the formed oxide scales was studied using mainly electron microscopy. The results showed positive effects of an increased Fe content and of removing the deformed surface layer by pickling. After four weeks of exposure the oxide scale consists of oxides formed in three different ways. The oxide formed during pre-oxidization at 700 °C, mainly consisting of chromia, is partly still present. There is also an outer oxide consisting of NiFe2O4 crystals, reaching a maximum size of 3 μm, which has formed by precipitation of dissolved metal ions. Finally, there is an inner nanocrystalline and porous oxide, with a metallic content reflecting the alloy composition, which has formed by corrosion.

  14. Materials data handbook: Inconel alloy 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Muraca, R. F.; Whittick, J. S.

    1972-01-01

    A summary of the materials property information for Inconel alloy 718 is presented. The scope of the information includes physical and mechanical properties at cryogenic, ambient, and elevated temperatures. Information on material procurement, metallurgy of the alloy, corrosion, environmental effects, fabrication, and joining techniques is developed.

  15. 40 CFR 750.20 - Cross-examination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cross-examination. 750.20 Section 750.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT... Manufacturing Exemptions § 750.20 Cross-examination. Section 750.8 shall be applicable. ...

  16. 23 CFR 750.152 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Application. 750.152 Section 750.152 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Directional and Official Signs § 750.152 Application. The following standards apply...

  17. Corrosion fatigue of Inconel 718 and Incoloy 903

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Franklin, D. B.; Nelson, E. E.

    1981-01-01

    Corrosion fatigue tests were conducted on Inconel 718 and Incoloy 903 in distilled water, 500 ppm NaCl, and 3.5% NaCl. Results were compared to the endurance limit in air. For Inconel 718, the corrosion fatigue strength (CFS) IN 3.5% NaCl WAS 328 MPa or 75 percent of the endurance limit. For Incoloy 903, the CFS ranged from 234 MPa in distilled water (68 percent of the endurance limit) to 103 MPa in 3.5% NaCl (30 percent of the endurance limit). Results indicate that, for components which have limited fatigue life, an evaluation of the combined effects of fatigue and the corrosive atmosphere must be considered in projecting useful lifetimes.

  18. 23 CFR 750.702 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Applicability. 750.702 Section 750.702 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.702 Applicability. The provisions of this subpart are applicable to all...

  19. 23 CFR 750.303 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Definitions. 750.303 Section 750.303 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners) § 750.303 Definitions. (a) Sign...

  20. 23 CFR 750.308 - Reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reports. 750.308 Section 750.308 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners) § 750.308 Reports. Periodic...

  1. 50 CFR 600.750 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 12 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Definitions. 600.750 Section 600.750..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS Fishery Negotiation Panels § 600.750 Definitions... concurrence; or (2) agrees upon another specified definition. Fishery negotiation panel (FNP) means an...

  2. 50 CFR 600.750 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 12 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Definitions. 600.750 Section 600.750..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS Fishery Negotiation Panels § 600.750 Definitions... concurrence; or (2) agrees upon another specified definition. Fishery negotiation panel (FNP) means an...

  3. 48 CFR 750.7101 - Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority. 750.7101 Section 750.7101 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... Interests of the United States 750.7101 Authority. Under section 633 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961...

  4. 23 CFR 750.308 - Reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reports. 750.308 Section 750.308 Highways FEDERAL... Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners) § 750.308 Reports. Periodic reports on site acquisitions and actual sign removals shall be submitted on FHWA Form 1424 and as...

  5. 23 CFR 750.308 - Reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reports. 750.308 Section 750.308 Highways FEDERAL... Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners) § 750.308 Reports. Periodic reports on site acquisitions and actual sign removals shall be submitted on FHWA Form 1424 and as...

  6. Effects of tin on microstructure and mechanical behavior of Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dreshfield, R. L.; Johnson, W. A.; Maurer, G. A.

    1984-01-01

    Columbium, for which the United States is 100 percent import reliant, is of strategic importance to the U.S. aerospace industry. A major amount of the Cb is used in Inconel 718. Should Cb sources be disrupted, it may be desired to use a grade of Cb melting stock having greater Sn content then the preferred vacuum rade. Additions of Sn to Inconel 718 were varied from none added to 1 wt %. The Sn additions below 800 ppm had no detrimental effects on 650 C stress rupture behavior; however, 1-wt % Sn severely degraded both life and ductility. Additions of Sn in excess of 200 ppm were slightly detrimental to the 425 C tensile yield strength and ductility. The Sn additions had no effect on the microstructure of Inconel 718 even after stress rupture testing for over 6000 hr at 650 C.

  7. 23 CFR 750.704 - Statutory requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Statutory requirements. 750.704 Section 750.704 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.704 Statutory requirements. (a) 23 U.S.C. 131 provides that... Secretary in subpart B, part 750, chapter I, 23 CFR, National Standards for Directional and Official Signs...

  8. 23 CFR 750.303 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners) § 750.303 Definitions. (a) Sign... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definitions. 750.303 Section 750.303 Highways FEDERAL..., billboard or other thing which is designed, intended of the advertising or informative contents of which is...

  9. 40 CFR 750.30 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Processing and Distribution in Commerce Exemptions § 750.30 Applicability. Sections 750.30-750.41 apply to all rulemakings under authority of section 6(e)(3)(B) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), 15 U.S.C. 2605(e)(3)(B) with respect to petitions for PCB processing and distribution in commerce...

  10. 40 CFR 750.30 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Processing and Distribution in Commerce Exemptions § 750.30 Applicability. Sections 750.30-750.41 apply to all rulemakings under authority of section 6(e)(3)(B) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), 15 U.S.C. 2605(e)(3)(B) with respect to petitions for PCB processing and distribution in commerce...

  11. 40 CFR 750.30 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Processing and Distribution in Commerce Exemptions § 750.30 Applicability. Sections 750.30-750.41 apply to all rulemakings under authority of section 6(e)(3)(B) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), 15 U.S.C. 2605(e)(3)(B) with respect to petitions for PCB processing and distribution in commerce...

  12. 40 CFR 750.30 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Processing and Distribution in Commerce Exemptions § 750.30 Applicability. Sections 750.30-750.41 apply to all rulemakings under authority of section 6(e)(3)(B) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), 15 U.S.C. 2605(e)(3)(B) with respect to petitions for PCB processing and distribution in commerce...

  13. MS212--A Homogeneous Sputtered Solid Lubricant Coating for Use to 800 C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sliney, Harold E.; Waters, William J.; Soltis, Richard

    1997-01-01

    Composite coatings containing chromium carbide, stable fluorides and silver were prepared by magnetron sputtering. The microstructure of the coatings is very homogeneous compared to that of plasma sprayed and sintered versions of the same chemical composition. Friction and wear of MS212-coated and baseline uncoated aluminum and Inconel X-750 are compared. At room temperature, the friction and wear of coated aluminum is dramatically better compared to the baseline. The acceptable load is limited by deformation of the soft aluminum substrate. In the case of the nickel alloy, lower friction is observed for the coated alloy at all temperatures up to the maximum test temperature of 800 C. Pin wear factors for sliding against the coated alloy are lower than the baseline at room temperature and 350 C, and comparable to baseline wear at higher test temperatures. Low baseline wear at high temperatures is due to the lubricious nature of the natural oxides formed on nickel-chromium alloys in a hot, oxidizing atmosphere. No load limit was found for coated Inconel X-750 at loads up to five times the load limit for coated aluminum.

  14. 40 CFR 750.34 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Record. 750.34 Section 750.34... Processing and Distribution in Commerce Exemptions § 750.34 Record. (a) No later than the date of proposal of a rule subject to this subpart, a rulemaking record for that rule will be established. It will...

  15. 40 CFR 750.34 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Record. 750.34 Section 750.34... Processing and Distribution in Commerce Exemptions § 750.34 Record. (a) No later than the date of proposal of a rule subject to this subpart, a rulemaking record for that rule will be established. It will...

  16. 40 CFR 750.34 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Record. 750.34 Section 750.34... Processing and Distribution in Commerce Exemptions § 750.34 Record. (a) No later than the date of proposal of a rule subject to this subpart, a rulemaking record for that rule will be established. It will...

  17. Effect of Powder-Suspended Dielectric on the EDM Characteristics of Inconel 625

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Talla, Gangadharudu; Gangopadhyay, S.; Biswas, C. K.

    2016-02-01

    The current work attempts to establish the criteria for powder material selection by investigating the influence of various powder-suspended dielectrics and machining parameters on various EDM characteristics of Inconel 625 (a nickel-based super alloy) which is nowadays regularly used in aerospace, chemical, and marine industries. The powders include aluminum (Al), graphite, and silicon (Si) that have significant variation in their thermo-physical characteristics. Results showed that powder properties like electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, density, and hardness play a significant role in changing the machining performance and the quality of the machined surface. Among the three powders, highest material removal rate was observed for graphite powder due to its high electrical and thermal conductivities. Best surface finish and least radial overcut (ROC) were attained using Si powder. Maximum microhardness was found for Si due to its low thermal conductivity and high hardness. It is followed by graphite and aluminum powders. Addition of powder to the dielectric has increased the crater diameter due to expansion of plasma channel. Powder-mixed EDM (PMEDM) was also effective in lowering the density of surface cracks with least number of cracks obtained with graphite powder. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated possible formation of metal carbides along with grain growth phenomenon of Inconel 625 after PMEDM.

  18. 23 CFR 750.151 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Purpose. 750.151 Section 750.151 Highways FEDERAL... National Standards for Directional and Official Signs § 750.151 Purpose. (a) In section 131 of title 23 U.S... title 23 U.S.C. [38 FR 16044, June 30, 1973, as amended at 40 FR 21934, May 20, 1975] ...

  19. 40 CFR 750.3 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Record. 750.3 Section 750.3 Protection... Section 6 of the Toxic Substances Control Act § 750.3 Record. (a) No later than the date of proposal of a rule subject to this part, a rulemaking record for that rule shall be established. It shall consist of...

  20. 40 CFR 750.3 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Record. 750.3 Section 750.3 Protection... Section 6 of the Toxic Substances Control Act § 750.3 Record. (a) No later than the date of proposal of a rule subject to this part, a rulemaking record for that rule shall be established. It shall consist of...

  1. 40 CFR 750.3 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Record. 750.3 Section 750.3 Protection... Section 6 of the Toxic Substances Control Act § 750.3 Record. (a) No later than the date of proposal of a rule subject to this part, a rulemaking record for that rule shall be established. It shall consist of...

  2. 23 CFR 750.302 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Policy. 750.302 Section 750.302 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY..., displays, or devices which are lawfully existing under State law, in conformance with the terms of 23 U.S.C... relocation, pursuant to the provisions of 23 CFR § 750.305(a)(2), and which are required to be removed as a...

  3. Modeling the viscoplastic behavior of Inconel 718 at 1200 F

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abdel-Kader, M. S.; Eftis, J.; Jones, D. L.

    1988-01-01

    A large number of tests, including tensile, creep, fatigue, and creep-fatigue were performed to characterize the mechanical properties of Inconel 718 (a nickel based superalloy) at 1200 F, the operating temperature for turbine blades. In addition, a few attempts were made to model the behavior of Inconel 718 at 1200 F using viscoplastic theories. The Chaboche theory of viscoplasticity can model a wide variety of mechanical behavior, including monotonic, sustained, and cyclic responses of homogeneous, initially-isotropic, strain hardening (or softening) materials. It is shown how the Chaboche theory can be used to model the viscoplastic behavior of Inconel 718 at 1200 F. First, an algorithm was developed to systematically determine the material parameters of the Chaboche theory from uniaxial tensile, creep, and cyclic data. The algorithm is general and can be used in conjunction with similar high temperature materials. A sensitivity study was then performed and an optimal set of Chaboche's parameters were obtained. This study has also indicated the role of each parameter in modeling the response to different loading conditions.

  4. Functionally graded Ti6Al4V and Inconel 625 by Laser Metal Deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pulugurtha, Syamala R.

    The objective of the current work was to fabricate a crack-free functionally graded Ti6Al4V and Inconel 625 thin wall structure by Laser Metal Deposition (LMD). One potential application for the current material system is the ability to fabricate a functionally graded alloy that can be used in a space heat exchanger. The two alloys, Inconel 625 and Ti6Al4V are currently used for aerospace applications. They were chosen as candidates for grading because functionally grading those combines the properties of high strength/weight ratio of Ti6Al4V and high temperature oxidation resistance of Inconel 625 into one multifunctional material for the end application. However, there were challenges associated with the presence of Ni-Ti intermetallic phases (IMPs). The study focused on several critical areas such as (1) understanding microstructural evolution, (2) reducing macroscopic cracking, and (3) reducing mixing between graded layers. Finite element analysis (FEA) was performed to understand the effect of process conditions on multilayer claddings for simplified material systems such as SS316L and Inconel 625 where complex microstructures did not form. The thermo-mechanical models were developed using Abaqus(TM) (and some of them experimentally verified) to predict temperature-gradients; remelt layer depths and residual stresses. Microstructure evolution along the functionally graded Ti6Al4V and Inconel 625 was studied under different processing and grading conditions. Thermodynamic modeling using Factsage (v 6.1) was used to construct phase diagrams and predict the possible equilibrium major/minor phases (verified experimentally by XRD) that may be present along the functionally graded Ti6Al4V and Inconel 625 thin wall structures.

  5. Galvanic Corrosion Behavior of Microwave Welded and Post-weld Heat-Treated Inconel-718 Joints

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bansal, Amit; Sharma, Apurbba Kumar; Kumar, Pradeep

    2017-05-01

    In the present study, corrosion behavior of microwave welded Inconel-718 at various conditions was investigated. Welding of Inconel-718 in 980 °C solution-treated condition was performed using microwave hybrid heating technique. The microwave welds were subjected to post-heat treatment for improving its microstructure and mechanical properties by solubilizing the Nb-enriched Laves phase. The microstructural features of the fabricated welds at various conditions were investigated through scanning electron microscopy. The electrochemical testing results revealed that Inconel-718 welds were galvanic corroded when they were anodically polarized in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution at 28 °C. The difference in the corrosion potentials between the base metal (BM) and fusion zone (FZ) in an Inconel-718 weld was the main factor for galvanic corrosion. The highest corrosion was occurred in the as-welded/aged weldments, followed by 980 °C solution-treated and aged weldments, as-welded specimen, and 1080 °C solution-treated and aged (1080STA) weldments. The least galvanic corrosion was occurred in the 1080STA specimens due to almost uniform microstructure developed in the weldment after the treatment. Thus, it was possible to minimize the galvanic corrosion in the microwave welded Inconel-718 by 1080STA treatment which resulted in reducing the difference in corrosion potentials between the BM and the FZ.

  6. Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) to Help Characterize Vespel SP-211 Polyimide Material for Use as a 750 F Valve Seal on the Ares I Upper Stage J-2X Engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wingard, Doug

    2013-01-01

    DuPont (TM) Vespel (R) SP-211 polyimide was selected as the top candidate seal material for use in the Oxidizer Turbine Bypass Valve (OTBV) on NASA's Ares I Upper Stage J-2X engine. In the OTBV, the seal material would get exposed to temperatures up to 750degF for approx 10 minutes at a time. Although the J-2X engine is not reusable, the valve material could be exposed to multiple temperature cycles up to 750 F during engine operation. The Constellation Program that included the Ares I rocket was eventually cancelled, but the J-2X engine was chosen for continued use for development of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS). The SLS is a heavy-lift launch vehicle that will have capability of taking astronauts and hardware to the Moon, Mars and asteroids. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) was one of several test techniques used to characterize Vespel SP-211 to help prove its worthiness for use on the OTBV of the J-2X engine.

  7. Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) to Help Characterize Vespel SP-211 Polyimide Material for Use as a 750 F Valve Seal on the Ares I Upper Stage J-2X Engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wingard, Doug

    2013-01-01

    DuPont(tm) Vespel(R) SP-211 polyimide was selected as the top candidate seal material for use in the Oxidizer Turbine Bypass Valve (OTBV) on NASA's Ares I Upper Stage J-2X engine. In the OTBV, the seal material would get exposed to temperatures up to 750degF for approx 10 minutes at a time. Although the J-2X engine is not reusable, the valve material could be exposed to multiple temperature cycles up to 750degF during engine operation. The Constellation Program that included the Ares I rocket was eventually cancelled, but the J-2X engine was chosen for continued use for development of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS). The SLS is a heavy-lift launch vehicle that will have capability of taking astronauts and hardware to the Moon, Mars and asteroids. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) was one of several test techniques used to characterize Vespel SP-211 to help prove its worthiness for use on the OTBV of the J-2X engine.

  8. 23 CFR 750.155 - State standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false State standards. 750.155 Section 750.155 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Directional and Official Signs § 750.155 State standards. This part does...

  9. 23 CFR 750.705 - Effective control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Effective control. 750.705 Section 750.705 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.705 Effective control. In order to provide effective control of... of applicable control requirements will apply; (h) Develop laws, regulations, and procedures to...

  10. 23 CFR 750.705 - Effective control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Effective control. 750.705 Section 750.705 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.705 Effective control. In order to provide effective control of... of applicable control requirements will apply; (h) Develop laws, regulations, and procedures to...

  11. 23 CFR 750.705 - Effective control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Effective control. 750.705 Section 750.705 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.705 Effective control. In order to provide effective control of... of applicable control requirements will apply; (h) Develop laws, regulations, and procedures to...

  12. 23 CFR 750.705 - Effective control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Effective control. 750.705 Section 750.705 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.705 Effective control. In order to provide effective control of... of applicable control requirements will apply; (h) Develop laws, regulations, and procedures to...

  13. 23 CFR 750.705 - Effective control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Effective control. 750.705 Section 750.705 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.705 Effective control. In order to provide effective control of... of applicable control requirements will apply; (h) Develop laws, regulations, and procedures to...

  14. Effects of Cations on Corrosion of Inconel 625 in Molten Chloride Salts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Ming; Ma, Hongfang; Wang, Mingjing; Wang, Zhihua; Sharif, Adel

    2016-04-01

    Hot corrosion of Inconel 625 in sodium chloride, potassium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium chloride and their mixtures with different compositions is conducted at 900°C to investigate the effects of cations in chloride salts on corrosion behavior of the alloy. XRD, SEM/EDS were used to analyze the compositions, phases, and morphologies of the corrosion products. The results showed that Inconel 625 suffers more severe corrosion in alkaline earth metal chloride molten salts than alkaline metal chloride molten salts. For corrosion in mixture salts, the corrosion rate increased with increasing alkaline earth metal chloride salt content in the mixture. Cations in the chloride molten salts mainly affect the thermal and chemical properties of the salts such as vapor pressure and hydroscopicities, which can affect the basicity of the molten salt. Corrosion of Inconel 625 in alkaline earth metal chloride salts is accelerated with increasing basicity.

  15. 23 CFR 750.110 - State regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false State regulations. 750.110 Section 750.110 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent to the Interstate System Under the 1958 Bonus Program § 750.110 State regulations. A State may elect to prohibit signs...

  16. 23 CFR 750.110 - State regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false State regulations. 750.110 Section 750.110 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent to the Interstate System Under the 1958 Bonus Program § 750.110 State regulations. A State may elect to prohibit signs...

  17. The oxidation of Inconel-690 alloy at 600 K in air

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allen, G. C.; Dyke, J. M.; Harris, S. J.; Morris, A.

    1988-03-01

    The alloy Inconel-690 has been oxidised at 600 K in air for periods varying between 30 s and 120 h and the composition of the oxide layer formed examined by scanning Auger microscopy (SAM), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (SEM/EDAX), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Analysis of the spectra revealed the formation of a layer of essentially α-Cr 2O 3 at room temperature. Oxidation at 600 K resulted in the formation of a duplex oxide film with a thin outer layer of iron(III) oxide. Beneath this was a mixed chromium, iron, nickel oxide. Following 8 h of oxidation at 600 K the oxide was approximately 10 nm thick but this was found to vary with the physical surface of the underlying alloy which also appeared to affect the relative rates of diffusion of the ionic species during film growth.

  18. 30 CFR 750.15 - Coal exploration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Coal exploration. 750.15 Section 750.15 Mineral... PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.15 Coal exploration. Coal exploration operations on Indian lands shall be conducted in accordance with 25 CFR part 216...

  19. 30 CFR 750.15 - Coal exploration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Coal exploration. 750.15 Section 750.15 Mineral... PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.15 Coal exploration. Coal exploration operations on Indian lands shall be conducted in accordance with 25 CFR part 216...

  20. 30 CFR 750.15 - Coal exploration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coal exploration. 750.15 Section 750.15 Mineral... PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.15 Coal exploration. Coal exploration operations on Indian lands shall be conducted in accordance with 25 CFR part 216...

  1. 30 CFR 750.15 - Coal exploration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Coal exploration. 750.15 Section 750.15 Mineral... PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.15 Coal exploration. Coal exploration operations on Indian lands shall be conducted in accordance with 25 CFR part 216...

  2. 30 CFR 750.15 - Coal exploration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Coal exploration. 750.15 Section 750.15 Mineral... PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.15 Coal exploration. Coal exploration operations on Indian lands shall be conducted in accordance with 25 CFR part 216...

  3. 32 CFR 750.36 - Time limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Time limitations. 750.36 Section 750.36 National... Tort Claims Act § 750.36 Time limitations. (a) Administrative claim. Every claim filed against the... the statutory time period, the day of the incident is excluded and the day the claim was presented...

  4. 32 CFR 750.36 - Time limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Time limitations. 750.36 Section 750.36 National... Tort Claims Act § 750.36 Time limitations. (a) Administrative claim. Every claim filed against the... the statutory time period, the day of the incident is excluded and the day the claim was presented...

  5. 32 CFR 750.36 - Time limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Time limitations. 750.36 Section 750.36 National... Tort Claims Act § 750.36 Time limitations. (a) Administrative claim. Every claim filed against the... the statutory time period, the day of the incident is excluded and the day the claim was presented...

  6. 32 CFR 750.36 - Time limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Time limitations. 750.36 Section 750.36 National... Tort Claims Act § 750.36 Time limitations. (a) Administrative claim. Every claim filed against the... the statutory time period, the day of the incident is excluded and the day the claim was presented...

  7. 40 CFR 750.40 - Cross-examination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cross-examination. 750.40 Section 750... Processing and Distribution in Commerce Exemptions § 750.40 Cross-examination. (a) After the close of the... cross-examination. The request must be received by EPA within one week after a full transcript of the...

  8. Microstructure, Fatigue Behavior, and Failure Mechanisms of Direct Laser-Deposited Inconel 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Alex S.; Shao, Shuai; Shamsaei, Nima; Thompson, Scott M.; Bian, Linkan

    2017-03-01

    Inconel 718 is considered to be a superalloy with a series of superior properties such as high strength, creep resistance, and corrosion resistance at room and elevated temperatures. Additive manufacturing (AM) is particularly appealing to Inconel 718 because of its near-net-shape production capability for circumventing the poor machinability of this superalloy. Nevertheless, AM parts are prone to porosity, which is detrimental to their fatigue resistance. Thus, further understanding of their fatigue behavior is required before their widespread use in load-bearing applications. In this work, the microstructure and fatigue properties of AM Inconel 718, produced in a Laser Engineered Net Shaping (LENS™) system and heat treated with a standard heat treatment schedule, are evaluated at room temperature. Fully reversed strain controlled fatigue tests were performed on cylindrical specimens with straight gage sections at strain amplitudes ranging from 0.001 mm/mm to 0.01 mm/mm. The fracture surfaces of fatigue specimens were inspected with a scanning electron microscope. The results indicate that the employed heat treatment allowed the large, elongated grains and dendritic structure of the as-built material to break down into smaller, equiaxed grains, with some dendritic structures remaining between layers. The AM specimens were found to possess lower fatigue resistance than wrought Inconel 718, and this is primarily attributed to the presence of brittle metal-carbide/oxide inclusions or pores near their surface.

  9. 23 CFR 750.301 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Purpose. 750.301 Section 750.301 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION... 23 U.S.C. 131(g). ...

  10. The effect of laser pulse tailored welding of Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mccay, T. Dwayne; Mccay, Mary Helen; Sharp, C. Michael; Womack, Michael G.

    1990-01-01

    Pulse tailored laser welding has been applied to wrought, wrought grain grown, and cast Inconel 718 using a CO2 laser. Prior to welding, the material was characterized metallographically and the solid state transformation regions were identified using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and high temperature x-ray diffraction. Bead on plate welds (restrained and unrestrained) were then produced using a matrix of pulse duty cycles and pulsed average power. Subsequent characterization included heat affected zone width, penetration and underbead width, the presence of cracks, microfissures and porosity, fusion zone curvature, and precipitation and liquated region width. Pedigree welding on three selected processing conditions was shown by microstructural and dye penetrant analysis to produce no microfissures, a result which strongly indicates the viability of pulse tailored welding for microfissure free IN 718.

  11. FLiNaK Compatability Studies with Inconel 600 and Silicon Carbide

    DOE PAGES

    Yoder, Jr, Graydon L.; Heatherly, Dennis Wayne; Wilson, Dane F.; ...

    2016-07-26

    A small liquid fluoride salt test apparatus has been constructed and testing conducted to examine the compatibility of SiC, Inconel 600, and a spiral wound gasket material in FLiNaK salt. These tests were conducted to test materials and sealing systems that would be used in a FLiNaK salt test loop. Three months of testing at 700oC was used to assure that these materials and seals would be acceptable operating under expected test loop conditions. The SiC specimens showed little or no change over the test period while the spiral wound gasket material showed no degradation, except for the possibility ofmore » salt seeping into the outermost spirals of the gasket. The Inconel 600 specimens showed regions of voiding which penetrated the specimen surface to about 250 m in depth. Analysis indicated that the salt had leached chrome from the Inconel surface as was expected for this material. Because the test loop will have a limited working lifetime, it was concluded that these materials would be satisfactory for loop construction.« less

  12. 40 CFR 750.34 - Record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Processing and Distribution in Commerce Exemptions § 750.34 Record. (a) No later than the date of proposal of... consist of a separate identified filing space containing: (1) All documents required by § 750.31(d); (2...

  13. 23 CFR 750.710 - Landmark signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Landmark signs. 750.710 Section 750.710 Highways FEDERAL... Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.710 Landmark signs. (a) 23 U.S.C. 131(c) permits the existence of signs... artistic significance, the preservation of which is consistent with the purpose of 23 U.S.C. 131. (b...

  14. 23 CFR 750.713 - Bonus provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Bonus provisions. 750.713 Section 750.713 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.713 Bonus provisions. 23 U.S.C. 131(j) specifically provides... States are not exempt from the other provisions of 23 U.S.C. 131. If a State elects to comply with both...

  15. 40 CFR 750.8 - Cross-examination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cross-examination. 750.8 Section 750.8... Section 6 of the Toxic Substances Control Act § 750.8 Cross-examination. (a) After the close of the... cross-examination. The request shall be received by EPA within one week after a full transcript of the...

  16. 48 CFR 750.7103 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Definitions. 750.7103 Section 750.7103 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy...

  17. Welding processes for Inconel 718- A brief review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tharappel, Jose Tom; Babu, Jalumedi

    2018-03-01

    Inconel 718 is being extensively used for high-temperature applications, rocket engines, gas turbines, etc. due to its ability to maintain high strength at temperatures range 450-700°C complimented by excellent oxidation and corrosion resistance and its outstanding weldability in either the age hardened or annealed condition. Though alloy 718 is reputed to possess good weldability in the context of their resistance to post weld heat treatment cracking, heat affected zone (HAZ) and weld metal cracking problems persist. This paper presents a brief review on welding processes for Inconel 718 and the weld defects, such as strain cracking during post weld heat treatment, solidification cracking, and liquation cracking. The effect of alloy chemistry, primary and secondary processing on the HAZ cracking susceptibility, influence of post/pre weld heat treatments on precipitation, segregation reactions, and effect of grain size etc. discussed and concluded with future scope for research.

  18. A joint computational and experimental study to evaluate Inconel-sheathed thermocouple performance in flames.

    SciTech Connect

    Brundage, Aaron L.; Nicolette, Vernon F.; Donaldson, A. Burl

    2005-09-01

    A joint experimental and computational study was performed to evaluate the capability of the Sandia Fire Code VULCAN to predict thermocouple response temperature. Thermocouple temperatures recorded by an Inconel-sheathed thermocouple inserted into a near-adiabatic flat flame were predicted by companion VULCAN simulations. The predicted thermocouple temperatures were within 6% of the measured values, with the error primarily attributable to uncertainty in Inconel 600 emissivity and axial conduction losses along the length of the thermocouple assembly. Hence, it is recommended that future thermocouple models (for Inconel-sheathed designs) include a correction for axial conduction. Given the remarkable agreement between experiment and simulation,more » it is recommended that the analysis be repeated for thermocouples in flames with pollutants such as soot.« less

  19. Powder bed binder jet 3D printing of Inconel 718: Densification, microstructural evolution and challenges

    DOE PAGES

    Nandwana, Peeyush; Elliott, Amy M.; Siddel, Derek; ...

    2017-01-03

    Traditional manufacturing of Inconel 718 components from castings and thermomechanical processing routes involve extensive post processing and machining to attain the desired geometry. Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies including direct energy deposition (DED), selective laser melting (SLM), electron beam melting (EBM) and binder jet 3D printing (BJ3DP) can minimize scrap generation and reduce lead times. While there is extensive literature on the use of melting and solidification based AM technologies, there has been limited research on the use of binder jet 3D printing. In this paper, a brief review on binder jet additive manufacturing of Inconel 718 is presented. In addition,more » existing knowledge on sintering of Inconel 718 has been extended to binder jet 3D printing. We found that supersolidus liquid phase sintering (SLPS) is necessary to achieve full densification of Inconel 718. SLPS is sensitive to the feedstock chemistry that has a strong influence on the liquid volume fraction at the processing temperature. Based on these results, we discuss an empirical framework to determine the role of powder particle size and liquid volume fraction on sintering kinetics. In conclusion, the role of powder packing factor and binder saturation on microstructural evolution is discussed. The current challenges in the use of BJ3DP for fabrication of Inconel 718, as well as, extension to other metal systems, are presented.« less

  20. Experimental Study of Direct Laser Deposition of Ti-6Al-4V and Inconel 718 by Using Pulsed Parameters

    PubMed Central

    Shah, Kamran; Haq, Izhar Ul; Shah, Shaukat Ali; Khan, Farid Ullah; Khan, Sikander

    2014-01-01

    Laser direct metal deposition (LDMD) has developed from a prototyping to a single metal manufacturing tool. Its potential for creating multimaterial and functionally graded structures is now beginning to be explored. This work is a first part of a study in which a single layer of Inconel 718 is deposited on Ti-6Al-4V substrate. Single layer tracks were built at a range of powder mass flow rates using a coaxial nozzle and 1.5 kW diode laser operating in both continuous and pulsed beam modes. This part of the study focused on the experimental findings during the deposition of Inconel 718 powder on Ti-6Al-4V substrate. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis were performed for characterization and phase identification. Residual stress measurement had been carried out to ascertain the effects of laser pulse parameters on the crack development during the deposition process. PMID:24592190

  1. Strength Differential Measured in Inconel 718: Effects of Hydrostatic Pressure Studied

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lewandowski, John J.; Wesseling, Paul; Prabhu, Nishad S.; Larose, Joel; Lissenden, Cliff J.; Lerch, Bradley A.

    2003-01-01

    Aeropropulsion components, such as disks, blades, and shafts, are commonly subjected to multiaxial stress states at elevated temperatures. Experimental results from loadings as complex as those experienced in service are needed to help guide the development of accurate viscoplastic, multiaxial deformation models that can be used to improve the design of these components. During a recent study on multiaxial deformation (ref. 1) on a common aerospace material, Inconel 718, it was shown that the material in the aged state exhibits a strength differential effect (SDE), whereby the uniaxial compressive yield and subsequent flow behavior are significantly higher than those in uniaxial tension. Thus, this material cannot be described by a standard von Mises yield formulation. There have been other formulations postulated (ref. 2) that involve other combinations of the stress invariants, including the effect of hydrostatic stress. The question remained as to which invariants are necessary in the flow model. To capture the physical mechanisms occurring during deformation and reflect them in the plasticity formulation, researchers examined the flow of Inconel 718 under various amounts of hydrostatic stress to determine whether or not hydrostatic stress is needed in the formulation. Under NASA Grant NCC3-464, monitored by the NASA Glenn Research Center, a series of tensile tests were conducted at Case Western Reserve University on aged (precipitation hardened) Inconel 718 at 650 C and with superimposed hydrostatic pressure. Dogbone shaped tensile specimens (3-mm-diameter gauge by 16-mm gauge length) and cylindrical compression specimens (3-mm-diameter gauge by 6-mm gauge length) were strain gauged and loaded in a high-pressure testing apparatus. Hydrostatic pressures were obtained with argon and ranged from 210 to 630 MPa. The aged Inconel 718 showed a pronounced difference in the tension and compression yield strength (i.e., an SDE), as previously observed. Also, there were

  2. X-38 Seal Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curry, Donald M.; Lewis, Ronald K.; Hagen, Jeffrey D.

    2002-01-01

    An X-38 Crew Return Vehicle Seal Development is presented. The contents include: 1) X-38 Crew Return Vehicle; 2) X-38 TPS Configuration; 3) X-38 Seal Locations; 4) X-38 Rudder/Fin Seal Assembly; 5) Baseline X-38 Rudder/Fin Seal Design; 6) Rudder/Fin Seal to Bracket Assembly; 7) X-38 Rudder/Fin Vertical Rub Surface Inconel-0.10 inches; 8) X-38 Rudder/Fin Seal Analysis; 9) Seal Analysis Model; and 10) Governing Differential Equations for Equilibrium Thermal Assumption. The X-38 Rudder/Fin Seal temperature and pressure properties are also given.

  3. Fatigue Behavior of Inconel 718 TIG Welds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alexopoulos, Nikolaos D.; Argyriou, Nikolaos; Stergiou, Vasillis; Kourkoulis, Stavros K.

    2014-08-01

    Mechanical behavior of reference and TIG-welded Inconel 718 specimens was examined in the present work. Tensile, constant amplitude fatigue, and fracture toughness tests were performed in ambient temperature for both, reference and welded specimens. Microstructure revealed the presence of coarse and fine-grained heat-affected zones. It has been shown that without any post-weld heat treatment, welded specimens maintained their tensile strength properties while their ductility decreased by more than 40%. It was found that the welded specimens had lower fatigue life and this decrease was a function of the applied fatigue maximum stress. A 30% fatigue life decrease was noticed in the high cycle fatigue regime for the welded specimens while this decrease exceeded 50% in the low cycle fatigue regime. Cyclic stress-strain curves showed that Inconel 718 experiences a short period of hardening followed by softening for all fatigue lives. Cyclic fatigue response of welded specimens' exhibited cyclically stable behavior. Finally, a marginal decrease was noticed in the Mode I fracture toughness of the welded specimens.

  4. Novel perovskite coating of strontium zirconate in Inconel substrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Venkatesh, G.; Blessto, B.; Rao, C. Santhosh Kumar; Subramanian, R.; Berchmans, L. John

    2018-02-01

    Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBC) provides a low thermal conductivity barrier to heat transfer from the hot gas in the engine to the surface of the coated alloy component. SrZrO3 powder are prepared by Sol Gel synthesis method. The synthesized powder sample is characterized by X Ray Diffraction Technique (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) and the results are interpreted. The Polycrystalline nature of SrZrO3 is confirmed and lattice spacing are determined in XRD. SEM shows sub-micron sized particles and a fringed pattern is observed in TEM. The IN718 specimen is Wire Cut and Sand Blasted. A SrZrO3 double layer is coated over the Inconel specimen through a Bond Coat made of NiCoCrAlY by Plasma spraying Process and also characterized. SEM analysis of the Coating shows diffusion of Fe, Sr into the substrate.

  5. 50 CFR 600.750 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Definitions. 600.750 Section 600.750 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION.... Consensus means unanimous concurrence among the members on a Fishery Negotiation Panel established under...

  6. 23 CFR 750.101 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Purpose. 750.101 Section 750.101 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent to the Interstate System Under...

  7. 23 CFR 750.109 - Exclusions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Exclusions. 750.109 Section 750.109 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent to the Interstate System Under...

  8. Corrosion resistance of inconel 690 to borax, boric acid, and boron nitride at 1100{degrees}C

    SciTech Connect

    Imrich, K.J.

    1996-12-12

    Significant general and localized corrosion was observed on Inconel 690 coupons following exposure to borax, boric acid and boron nitride at 1100{degrees}C. Severe localized attack at and below the melt line was observed on coupons exposed to borax. An intergranular attack at and below the melt line was observed on coupons exposed to borax. An intergranular attack (IGA) of the Inconel 690 was also observed. Severe internal void formation and IGA (30 mils penetration after 3 days) was observed in the coupon exposed to boric acid. Both borax and boric acid remove the protective chromium oxide; however, this layer canmore » be reestablished by heating the Inconel 690 to 975 {degrees}C in air for several hours. Inconel 690 in direct contact with boron nitride resulted in the formation of a thick chromium borate layer, a general corrosion rate of 50 to 90 mils per year, and internal void formation of 1 mil per day.« less

  9. 23 CFR 750.701 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Purpose. 750.701 Section 750.701 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION... (FHWA) policies and requirements relating to the effective control of outdoor advertising under 23 U.S.C...

  10. 23 CFR 750.502 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Applicability. 750.502 Section 750.502 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION... to signs adjacent to the Interstate and primary systems which are required to be controlled under 23...

  11. 32 CFR 750.23 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Definitions. 750.23 Section 750.23 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Federal.... These entities operate from self-generated funds, rather than from funds appropriated by Congress...

  12. Hydrogen Permeability of Incoloy 800H, Inconel 617, and Haynes 230 Alloys

    SciTech Connect

    Pattrick Calderoni

    A potential issue in the design of the NGNP reactor and high-temperature components is the permeation of fission generated tritium and hydrogen product from downstream hydrogen generation through high-temperature components. Such permeation can result in the loss of fission-generated tritium to the environment and the potential contamination of the helium coolant by permeation of product hydrogen into the coolant system. The issue will be addressed in the engineering design phase, and requires knowledge of permeation characteristics of the candidate alloys. Of three potential candidates for high-temperature components of the NGNP reactor design, the hydrogen permeability has been documented well onlymore » for Incoloy 800H, but at relatively high partial pressures of hydrogen. Hydrogen permeability data have been published for Inconel 617, but only in two literature reports and for partial pressures of hydrogen greater than one atmosphere, far higher than anticipated in the NGNP reactor. The hydrogen permeability of Haynes 230 has not been published. To support engineering design of the NGNP reactor components, the hydrogen permeability of Inconel 617 and Haynes 230 were determined using a measurement system designed and fabricated at the Idaho National Laboratory. The performance of the system was validated using Incoloy 800H as reference material, for which the permeability has been published in several journal articles. The permeability of Incoloy 800H, Inconel 617 and Haynes 230 was measured in the temperature range 650 to 950 °C and at hydrogen partial pressures of 10-3 and 10-2 atm, substantially lower pressures than used in the published reports. The measured hydrogen permeability of Incoloy 800H and Inconel 617 were in good agreement with published values obtained at higher partial pressures of hydrogen. The hydrogen permeability of Inconel 617 and Haynes 230 were similar, about 50% greater than for Incoloy 800H and with similar temperature dependence.« less

  13. 23 CFR 750.152 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application. 750.152 Section 750.152 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION... and sixty (660) feet of the right-of-way of such systems, outside of urban areas, visible from the...

  14. Microfissuring of Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nunes, A. C., Jr.

    1983-01-01

    A tentative mathematical computer model of the microfissuring process during electron beam welding of Inconel 718 has been constructed. Predictions of the model are compatible with microfissuring tests on eight 0.25-in. thick test plates. The model takes into account weld power and speed, weld loss (efficiency), parameters and material characteristics. Besides the usual material characteristics (thermal and strength properties), a temperature and grain size dependent critical fracture strain is required by the model. The model is based upon fundamental physical theory (i.e., it is not a mere data interpolation system), and can be extended to other metals by suitable parameter changes.

  15. 48 CFR 750.000 - Scope of part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Scope of part. 750.000 Section 750.000 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS 750.000 Scope of part. USAID is not among the agencies named in...

  16. 48 CFR 750.000 - Scope of part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of part. 750.000 Section 750.000 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS 750.000 Scope of part. USAID is not among the agencies named in...

  17. 48 CFR 750.000 - Scope of part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Scope of part. 750.000 Section 750.000 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS 750.000 Scope of part. USAID is not among the agencies named in...

  18. 23 CFR 750.712 - Reclassification of signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reclassification of signs. 750.712 Section 750.712 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.712 Reclassification of signs. Any sign lawfully erected after...

  19. 40 CFR 272.702-272.750 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false [Reserved] 272.702-272.750 Section 272.702-272.750 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Illinois §§ 272.702-272.750 [Reserved] ...

  20. 40 CFR 272.702-272.750 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false [Reserved] 272.702-272.750 Section 272.702-272.750 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Illinois §§ 272.702-272.750 [Reserved] ...

  1. 40 CFR 272.702-272.750 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false [Reserved] 272.702-272.750 Section 272.702-272.750 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Illinois §§ 272.702-272.750 [Reserved] ...

  2. 40 CFR 272.702-272.750 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false [Reserved] 272.702-272.750 Section 272.702-272.750 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Illinois §§ 272.702-272.750 [Reserved] ...

  3. 48 CFR 750.7110-5 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract files. 750.7110-5 Section 750.7110-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... Interests of the United States 750.7110-5 Contract files. The fully executed action memorandum indicating...

  4. 48 CFR 750.7110-5 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract files. 750.7110-5 Section 750.7110-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... Interests of the United States 750.7110-5 Contract files. The fully executed action memorandum indicating...

  5. 48 CFR 750.7110-5 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contract files. 750.7110-5 Section 750.7110-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... Interests of the United States 750.7110-5 Contract files. The fully executed action memorandum indicating...

  6. 48 CFR 750.7110-5 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 750.7110-5 Section 750.7110-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... Interests of the United States 750.7110-5 Contract files. The fully executed action memorandum indicating...

  7. 40 CFR 272.702-272.750 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false [Reserved] 272.702-272.750 Section 272.702-272.750 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Illinois §§ 272.702-272.750 [Reserved] ...

  8. 23 CFR 750.307 - FHWA project approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false FHWA project approval. 750.307 Section 750.307 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners) § 750.307 FHWA project...

  9. 46 CFR 169.750 - Radio call sign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Radio call sign. 169.750 Section 169.750 Shipping COAST... Control, Miscellaneous Systems, and Equipment Markings § 169.750 Radio call sign. Each vessel certificated for exposed or partially protected water service must have its radio call sign permanently displayed...

  10. 32 CFR 750.29 - Investigation and examination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Investigation and examination. 750.29 Section 750.29 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Federal Tort Claims Act § 750.29 Investigation and examination. Subpart A of this part requires an...

  11. 23 CFR 750.501 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Purpose. 750.501 Section 750.501 Highways FEDERAL... pursuant to which a State may, if it desires, seek an exemption from the acquisition requirements of 23 U.S... removed. This exemption may be granted pursuant to the provisions of 23 U.S.C. 131(o). ...

  12. Study of irradiation induced surface pattern and structural changes in Inconel 718 alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wan, Hao; Si, Naichao; Zhao, Zhenjiang; Wang, Jian; Zhang, Yifei

    2018-05-01

    Helium ions irradiation induced surface pattern and structural changes of Inconel 718 alloy were studied with the combined utilization of atomic force microscopy (AFM), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). In addition, SRIM-2013 software was used to calculate the sputtering yield and detailed collision events. The result shows that, irradiation dose play an important role in altering the pattern of the surface. Enhanced irradiation aggravated the surface etching and increased the surface roughness. In ion irradiated layer, large amount of interstitials, vacancies and defect sinks were produced. Moreover, in samples with increasing dose irradiation, the dependence of interplanar spacing variation due to point defects clustering on sink density was discussed.

  13. 23 CFR 750.503 - Exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Exemptions. 750.503 Section 750.503 Highways FEDERAL... (hereinafter called signs) within a defined area from being acquired under the provisions of 23 U.S.C. 131 upon... by 23 U.S.C. 131(o), the State shall establish: (1) Its requirements for the directional content of...

  14. Tensile Properties and Microstructure of Inconel 718 Fabricated with Electron Beam Freeform Fabrication (EBF(sup 3))

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bird, R. Keith; Hibberd, Joshua

    2009-01-01

    Electron beam freeform fabrication (EBF3) direct metal deposition processing was used to fabricate two Inconel 718 single-bead-width wall builds and one multiple-bead-width block build. Specimens were machined to evaluate microstructure and room temperature tensile properties. The tensile strength and yield strength of the as-deposited material from the wall and block builds were greater than those for conventional Inconel 718 castings but were less than those for conventional cold-rolled sheet. Ductility levels for the EBF3 material were similar to those for conventionally-processed sheet and castings. An unexpected result was that the modulus of the EBF3-deposited Inconel 718 was significantly lower than that of the conventional material. This low modulus may be associated with a preferred crystallographic orientation resultant from the deposition and rapid solidification process. A heat treatment with a high solution treatment temperature resulted in a recrystallized microstructure and an increased modulus. However, the modulus was not increased to the level that is expected for Inconel 718.

  15. Cold-Worked Inconel(R) 718 Bars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montano, J. W.

    1988-01-01

    Cold working and double aging yield high strength without sacrifice of resistance to corrosion. Report presents data on mechanical properties and stress-corrosion resistance of triple-melted, solution-treated, work-strengthened, direct-double-aged Inconel(R) 718 alloy. Triple melting consists of vacuum induction melting, electro-slag remelting, and vacuum arm remelting. Data indicate advance in processing of large-diameter bars. New process increases yield strength without reducing the elongation, reduction of area, and grain size.

  16. Fiber laser welding of nickel based superalloy Inconel 625

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janicki, Damian M.

    2013-01-01

    The paper describes the application of single mode high power fiber laser (HPFL) for the welding of nickel based superalloy Inconel 625. Butt joints of Inconel 625 sheets 0,8 mm thick were laser welded without an additional material. The influence of laser welding parameters on weld quality and mechanical properties of test joints was studied. The quality and mechanical properties of the joints were determined by means of tensile and bending tests, and micro hardness tests, and also metallographic examinations. The results showed that a proper selection of laser welding parameters provides non-porous, fully-penetrated welds with the aspect ratio up to 2.0. The minimum heat input required to achieve full penetration butt welded joints with no defect was found to be 6 J/mm. The yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of the joints are essentially equivalent to that for the base material.

  17. Nonlinear acoustics experimental characterization of microstructure evolution in Inconel 617

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Xiaochu; Liu, Yang; Lissenden, Cliff J.

    2014-02-01

    Inconel 617 is a candidate material for the intermediate heat exchanger in a very high temperature reactor for the next generation nuclear power plant. This application will require the material to withstand fatigue-ratcheting interaction at temperatures up to 950°C. Therefore nondestructive evaluation and structural health monitoring are important capabilities. Acoustic nonlinearity (which is quantified in terms of a material parameter, the acoustic nonlinearity parameter, β) has been proven to be sensitive to microstructural changes in material. This research develops a robust experimental procedure to track the evolution of damage precursors in laboratory tested Inconel 617 specimens using ultrasonic bulk waves. The results from the acoustic non-linear tests are compared with stereoscope surface damage results. Therefore, the relationship between acoustic nonlinearity and microstructural evaluation can be clearly demonstrated for the specimens tested.

  18. 48 CFR 750.7105 - Approving authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Approving authorities. 750.7105 Section 750.7105 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign...

  19. 48 CFR 750.7108 - Contractual requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contractual requirements. 750.7108 Section 750.7108 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign...

  20. 32 CFR 750.25 - Scope of liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Scope of liability. 750.25 Section 750.25... Federal Tort Claims Act § 750.25 Scope of liability. (a) Territorial limitations. The FTCA does not apply... 46 U.S.C. 741-752 or 781-790. Claims under the Death on the High Seas Act (46 U.S.C. 761), however...

  1. Surface Integrity of Inconel 718 by Ball Burnishing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sequera, A.; Fu, C. H.; Guo, Y. B.; Wei, X. T.

    2014-09-01

    Inconel 718 has wide applications in manufacturing mechanical components such as turbine blades, turbocharger rotors, and nuclear reactors. Since these components are subject to harsh environments such as high temperature, pressure, and corrosion, it is critical to improve the functionality to prevent catastrophic failure due to fatigue or corrosion. Ball burnishing as a low plastic deformation process is a promising technique to enhance surface integrity for increasing component fatigue and corrosion resistance in service. This study focuses on the experimental study on surface integrity of burnished Inconel 718. The effects of burnishing ball size and pressure on surface integrity factors such as surface topography, roughness, and hardness are investigated. The burnished surfaces are smoother than the as-machined ones. Surface hardness after burnishing is higher than the as-machined surfaces, but become stable over a certain burnishing pressure. There exists an optimal process space of ball sized and burnishing pressure for surface finish. In addition, surface hardness after burnishing is higher than the as-machined surfaces, which is confirmed by statistical analysis.

  2. Structural Performance of Inconel 625 Superalloy Brazed Joints

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jianqiang; Demers, Vincent; Cadotte, Eve-Line; Turner, Daniel; Bocher, Philippe

    2017-02-01

    The purpose of this work was to investigate tensile and fatigue behaviors of Inconel 625 superalloy brazed joints after transient liquid-phase bonding process. Brazing was performed in a vacuum furnace using a nickel-based filler metal in a form of paste to join wrought Inconel 625 plates. Mechanical tests were carried out on single-lap joints under various lap distance-to-thickness ratios. The fatigue crack initiation and crack growth modes were examined via metallographic analysis, and the effect of local stress on fatigue life was assessed by finite element simulations. The fatigue results show that fatigue strength and endurance limit increase with overlap distance, leading to a relatively large scatter of results. Fatigue cracks nucleated in the high-stressed region of the weld fillets from brittle eutectic phases or from internal brazing cavities. The present work proposes to rationalize the results by using the local stress at the brazing fillet. When using this local stress, all fatigue-obtained results find themselves on a single S- N curve, providing a design curve for any joint configuration in fatigue solicitation.

  3. Micro-structure and Mechanical Properties of Nano-TiC Reinforced Inconel 625 Deposited using LAAM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bi, G.; Sun, C. N.; Nai, M. L.; Wei, J.

    In this paper, deposition of Ni-base Inconel 625 mixed with nano-TiC powders using laser aided additive manufacturing (LAAM) was studied. Micro-structure and mechanical properties were intensively investigated. The results showed that nano-size TiC distributed uniformly throughout the Ni- matrix. Inconel 625 can be reinforced by the strengthened grain boundaries with nano-size TiC. Improved micro-hardness and tensile properties were observed.

  4. 48 CFR 750.7106-3 - Mistakes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mistakes. 750.7106-3 Section 750.7106-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy...

  5. 48 CFR 750.7110 - Processing cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Processing cases. 750.7110 Section 750.7110 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy...

  6. 48 CFR 750.7106-1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General. 750.7106-1 Section 750.7106-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy...

  7. 48 CFR 750.7102 - General policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General policy. 750.7102 Section 750.7102 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy...

  8. 49 CFR 236.750 - Interlocking, automatic.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Interlocking, automatic. 236.750 Section 236.750 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION... manually, and which are so interconnected by means of electric circuits that their movements must succeed...

  9. Asbestos and Inconel combined to form hot-gas seal

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wooster, C. W., Jr.

    1968-01-01

    Hot-gas seal prevents warpage tendencies in large flange joints exposed to high temperatures, such as those present in large space vehicle engine exhausts. Two Inconel wire mesh cores are held in place by an asbestos cloth cover that acts as a spacer to form the seal.

  10. Weld microfissuring in Inconel 718 minimized by minor elements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morrison, T. J.; Shira, C. S.; Weisenberg, L. A.

    1968-01-01

    Manganese, silicon, and magnesium markedly reduce the tendency of Inconel 718 to weld microfissuring. By combining a manganese, 0.20 percent by content, with silicon, greater than 0.25 percent content, or by adding 20 ppm of magnesium, the weld microfissuring decreased in the standard alloy.

  11. PPC750 Performance Monitor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meyer, Donald; Uchenik, Igor

    2007-01-01

    The PPC750 Performance Monitor (Perfmon) is a computer program that helps the user to assess the performance characteristics of application programs running under the Wind River VxWorks real-time operating system on a PPC750 computer. Perfmon generates a user-friendly interface and collects performance data by use of performance registers provided by the PPC750 architecture. It processes and presents run-time statistics on a per-task basis over a repeating time interval (typically, several seconds or minutes) specified by the user. When the Perfmon software module is loaded with the user s software modules, it is available for use through Perfmon commands, without any modification of the user s code and at negligible performance penalty. Per-task run-time performance data made available by Perfmon include percentage time, number of instructions executed per unit time, dispatch ratio, stack high water mark, and level-1 instruction and data cache miss rates. The performance data are written to a file specified by the user or to the serial port of the computer

  12. 23 CFR 750.110 - State regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false State regulations. 750.110 Section 750.110 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent to the Interstate...

  13. On the interpretation of a possible ~ 750 GeV particle decaying into γγ

    DOE PAGES

    Ellis, John; Ellis, Sebastian A. R.; Quevillon, Jeremie; ...

    2016-03-25

    We consider interpretations of the recent ~3σ reports by the CMS and ATLAS collaborations of a possible X(~ 750 GeV) state decaying into yy final states. We focus on the possibilities that this is a scalar or pseudoscalar electroweak isoscalar state produced by gluon-gluon fusion mediated by loops of heavy fermions. We consider several models for these fermions, including a single vector-like charge 2/3 T quark, a doublet of vector-like quarks (T;B), and a vector-like generation of quarks, with or without leptons that also contribute to the X → yy decay amplitude. We also consider the possibility that X(750) ismore » a dark matter mediator, with a neutral vector-like dark matter particle. These scenarios are compatible with the present and prospective direct limits on vector-like fermions from LHC Runs 1 and 2, as well as indirect constraints from electroweak precision measurements, and we show that the required Yukawa-like couplings between the X particle and the heavy vector-like fermions are small enough to be perturbative so long as the X particle has dominant decay modes into gg and yy. In conclusion, the decays X → ZZ,Zy and W +W - are interesting prospective signatures that may help distinguish between different vector-like fermion scenarios.« less

  14. Corrosion of inconel in high-temperature borosilicate glass melts containing simulant nuclear waste

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Xianhe; Yuan, Xiaoning; Brigden, Clive T.; Tao, Jun; Hyatt, Neil C.; Miekina, Michal

    2017-10-01

    The corrosion behaviors of Inconel 601 in the borosilicate glass (MW glass) containing 25 wt.% of simulant Magnox waste, and in ZnO, Mn2O3 and Fe2O3 modified Mg/Ca borosilicate glasses (MZMF and CZMF glasses) containing 15 wt.% of simulant POCO waste, were evaluated by dimensional changes, the formation of internal defects and changes in alloy composition near corrosion surfaces. In all three kinds of glass melts, Cr at the inconel surface forms a protective Cr2O3 scale between the metal surface and the glass, and alumina precipitates penetrate from the metal surface or formed in-situ. The corrosion depths of inconel 601 in MW waste glass melt are greater than those in the other two glass melts. In MW glass, the Cr2O3 layer between inconel and glass is fragmented because of the reaction between MgO and Cr2O3, which forms the crystal phase MgCr2O4. In MZMF and CZMF waste glasses the layers are continuous and a thin (Zn, Fe, Ni, B)-containing layer forms on the surface of the chromium oxide layer and prevents Cr2O3 from reacting with MgO or other constituents. MgCr2O4 was observed in the XRD analysis of the bulk MW waste glass after the corrosion test, and ZrSiO4 in the MZMF waste glass, and ZrSiO4 and CaMoO4 in the CZMF waste glass.

  15. 30 CFR 750.10 - Information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Information collection. 750.10 Section 750.10 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN... Information collection. The Office of Management and Budget has determined that the information collection...

  16. 30 CFR 750.10 - Information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Information collection. 750.10 Section 750.10 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN... Information collection. The Office of Management and Budget has determined that the information collection...

  17. 32 CFR 750.43 - Claims payable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Claims payable. 750.43 Section 750.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS... of missiles and weapons, sonic booms, training and field exercises, and maneuvers that include...

  18. 30 CFR 750.10 - Information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information collection. 750.10 Section 750.10 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN... Information collection. The Office of Management and Budget has determined that the information collection...

  19. 32 CFR 750.43 - Claims payable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Claims payable. 750.43 Section 750.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS... of missiles and weapons, sonic booms, training and field exercises, and maneuvers that include...

  20. 32 CFR 750.43 - Claims payable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Claims payable. 750.43 Section 750.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS... of missiles and weapons, sonic booms, training and field exercises, and maneuvers that include...

  1. 32 CFR 750.43 - Claims payable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Claims payable. 750.43 Section 750.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS... of missiles and weapons, sonic booms, training and field exercises, and maneuvers that include...

  2. 32 CFR 750.43 - Claims payable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Claims payable. 750.43 Section 750.43 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS... of missiles and weapons, sonic booms, training and field exercises, and maneuvers that include...

  3. Effect of Double Aging Heat Treatment on the Short-Term Creep Behavior of the Inconel 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caliari, Felipe Rocha; Candioto, Kátia Cristiane Gandolpho; Couto, Antônio Augusto; Nunes, Carlos Ângelo; Reis, Danieli Aparecida Pereira

    2016-06-01

    This research studies the effect of double aging heat treatment on the short-term creep behavior of the superalloy Inconel 718. The superalloy, received in the solution treated state, was subjected to an aging treatment which comprises a solid solution at 1095 °C for 1 h, a first aging step of 955 °C for 1 h, then aged at 720 and 620 °C, 8 h each step. Creep tests at constant load mode, under temperatures of 650, 675, 700 °C and stress of 510, 625 and 700 MPa, were performed before and after heat treatment. The results indicate that after the double aging heat treatment creep resistance is increased, influenced by the presence of precipitates γ' and γ″ and its interaction with the dislocations, by grain size growth (from 8.20 to 7.23 ASTM) and the increase of hardness by approximately 98%. Creep parameters of primary and secondary stages have been determined. There is a breakdown relationship between dot{\\upvarepsilon }_{{s}} and stress at 650 °C of Inconel 718 as received, around 600 MPa. By considering the internal stress values, effective stress exponent, effective activation energy, and TEM images of Inconel 718 double aged, it is suggested that the creep mechanism is controlled by the interaction of dislocations with precipitates. The fracture mechanism of Inconel 718 as received is transgranular (coalescence of dimples) and mixed (transgranular-intergranular), whereas the Inconel 718 double aged condition crept surfaces evidenced the intergranular fracture mechanism.

  4. Acute kidney injury in ELBW infants (<  750 grams) and its associated risk factors.

    PubMed

    Arcinue, R; Kantak, A; Elkhwad, M

    2015-01-01

    The advancement of neonatology over the past 20 years has allowed a greater number of ELBW infants to survive. However, these advancements have contributed to the increased incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) seen in this population. Understanding the risk factors for AKI in this population of ELBW infants is imperative for the successful survival of these infants since the morbidity and mortality rates from this disease are increasing. 1) to determine the prevalence of AKI in ELBW (<  750 grams). 2) to compare the mortality rate of ELBW infants (<  750 grams) with and without AKI; and 3) to identify the associated risk factors of AKI in ELBW infants (<  750 grams). A retrospective chart review of all infants with AKI as defined by AKIN criterias, admitted to the NICU between 1998 and 2008 was conducted. Case-controls were matched for BW, gestational age and date of birth, (SPSS v17.0 software, using Student's t test, X2 test, and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. The prevalence rate of ELBW infants (<  750 grams) with AKI admitted at CHMCA NICU from 1998 to 2008 was 26% . The mortality rate of ELBW infants (<  750 grams) with AKI was 54% , compared to 20% in those ELBW infants who did not have AKI. The associated risk factors of AKI in the ELBW infants (<  750 grams) were as follows: presence of maternal placental abruption/bleeding, grade III or IV IVH, PDA, positive culture/s, NEC, use of steroid, nephrotoxic drugs, and longer use of the ventilator and TPN.

  5. Creep-Fatigue Cracking Near the Welded Interface in Friction Welding Dissimilar Superalloys INCONEL 718 and MAR-M247

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tra, Tran Hung; Okazaki, Masakazu

    2017-08-01

    A forged INCONEL 718 and a cast MAR-M247 alloy were joined by a friction welding process. The creep-fatigue strength of this joint was investigated. The life of the joint was significantly shorter than that of the base alloys. The joint failed near the interface of the INCONEL 718 side, although the life of INCONEL 718 was longer than that of MAR-M247. To understand this behavior, the stress field in the welding was numerically analyzed using a visco-elastic model. The results suggested that triaxiality in the stress state could be promoted near the welded interface and lead to an acceleration of creep-fatigue crack nucleation.

  6. The irradiation-induced microstructural development and the role of γ' on void formation in Ni-based alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kato, Takahiko; Nakata, Kiyotomo; Masaoka, Isao; Takahashi, Heishichiro; Takeyama, Taro; Ohnuki, Soumei; Osanai, Hisashi

    1984-05-01

    The microstructural development for Inconel X-750, N1-13 at%A1, and Ni-11.5 at%Si alloys during irradiation was investigated. These alloys were previously heat-treated at temperatures of 723-1073 K, and γ' precipitates were produced. Irradiation was performed in a high voltage electron microscope (1000 kV) in the temperature range 673-823 K. In the case of solution-treated Inconel, interstitial dislocation loops were formed initially, while voids were nucleated after longer times. When the Inconel specimen containing a high number density of small γ' was irradiated, dislocation loops were formed in both the matrix and precipitate-matrix interface. The loops formed on the interface scarcely grew during irradiation. On the other hand, for the Ni-Al alloy fine γ' nucleated during irradiation, the large γ' precipitated by pre-aging, dissolved. A similar resolution process was also observed in Ni-Si alloy. Furthermore, in the Ni-Si alloy precipitates of γ' formed preferentially at interstitial dislocation loops and both specimen surfaces.

  7. 32 CFR 750.6 - Claims: Presentment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Claims: Presentment. 750.6 Section 750.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS... Claims Act shall be submitted on DD Form 1842. 2 The claim and all other papers requiring the signature...

  8. 32 CFR 750.6 - Claims: Presentment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Claims: Presentment. 750.6 Section 750.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS... Claims Act shall be submitted on DD Form 1842. 2 The claim and all other papers requiring the signature...

  9. 32 CFR 750.6 - Claims: Presentment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Claims: Presentment. 750.6 Section 750.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS... Claims Act shall be submitted on DD Form 1842. 2 The claim and all other papers requiring the signature...

  10. 32 CFR 750.6 - Claims: Presentment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Claims: Presentment. 750.6 Section 750.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS... Claims Act shall be submitted on DD Form 1842. 2 The claim and all other papers requiring the signature...

  11. 23 CFR 750.305 - Federal participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Federal participation. 750.305 Section 750.305 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY... a period of time which makes them ineligible for compensation under 23 U.S.C. 131, or for rights in...

  12. 23 CFR 750.708 - Acceptance of state zoning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Acceptance of state zoning. 750.708 Section 750.708 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.708 Acceptance of state zoning. (a) 23 U.S.C. 131(d) provide...

  13. 23 CFR 750.154 - Standards for directional signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... may be erected along a single route approaching the activity; (iii) Signs located adjacent to the... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Standards for directional signs. 750.154 Section 750.154... BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Directional and Official Signs § 750.154 Standards for directional signs...

  14. 23 CFR 750.154 - Standards for directional signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... may be erected along a single route approaching the activity; (iii) Signs located adjacent to the... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Standards for directional signs. 750.154 Section 750.154... BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Directional and Official Signs § 750.154 Standards for directional signs...

  15. Investigation of Machine-ability of Inconel 800 in EDM with Coated Electrode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karunakaran, K.; Chandrasekaran, M.

    2017-03-01

    The Inconel 800 is a high temperature application alloy which is classified as a nickel based super alloy. It has wide scope in aerospace engineering, gas Turbine etc. The machine-ability studies were found limited on this material. Hence This research focuses on machine-ability studies on EDM of Inconel 800 with Silver Coated Electrolyte Copper Electrode. The purpose of coating on electrode is to reduce tool wear. The factors pulse on Time, Pulse off Time and Peck Current were considered to observe the responses of surface roughness, material removal rate, tool wear rate. Taguchi Full Factorial Design is employed for Design the experiment. Some specific findings were reported and the percentage of contribution of each parameter was furnished

  16. 23 CFR 750.707 - Nonconforming signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Nonconforming signs. 750.707 Section 750.707 Highways... 23 U.S.C. 131. These provisions also apply to nonconforming signs located in commercial and... compensation for the removal of nonconforming lawfully existing signs in accordance with the terms of 23 U.S.C...

  17. 30 CFR 750.16 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Performance standards. 750.16 Section 750.16... Performance standards. After OSM issues a permit under this part, a person conducting surface coal mining... shall adhere to the performance standards of 30 CFR chapter VII, subchapter B. [49 FR 38477, Sept. 28...

  18. 30 CFR 750.16 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Performance standards. 750.16 Section 750.16... Performance standards. After OSM issues a permit under this part, a person conducting surface coal mining... shall adhere to the performance standards of 30 CFR chapter VII, subchapter B. [49 FR 38477, Sept. 28...

  19. 30 CFR 750.16 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Performance standards. 750.16 Section 750.16... Performance standards. After OSM issues a permit under this part, a person conducting surface coal mining... shall adhere to the performance standards of 30 CFR chapter VII, subchapter B. [49 FR 38477, Sept. 28...

  20. 30 CFR 750.16 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Performance standards. 750.16 Section 750.16... Performance standards. After OSM issues a permit under this part, a person conducting surface coal mining... shall adhere to the performance standards of 30 CFR chapter VII, subchapter B. [49 FR 38477, Sept. 28...

  1. 30 CFR 750.16 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Performance standards. 750.16 Section 750.16... Performance standards. After OSM issues a permit under this part, a person conducting surface coal mining... shall adhere to the performance standards of 30 CFR chapter VII, subchapter B. [49 FR 38477, Sept. 28...

  2. 32 CFR 750.13 - Claims: Single service responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Claims: Single service responsibility. 750.13 Section 750.13 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS General Provisions for Claims § 750.13 Claims: Single service responsibility. (a) The Department of Defense has assigned...

  3. Microstructure Development in Electron Beam-Melted Inconel 718 and Associated Tensile Properties

    DOE PAGES

    Kirka, M. M.; Unocic, K. A.; Raghavan, N.; ...

    2016-02-12

    During the electron beam melting (EBM) process, builds occur at temperatures in excess of 800°C for nickel-base superalloys such as Inconel 718. When coupled with the temporal differences between the start and end of a build, a top-to-bottom microstructure gradient forms. Characterized in this study is the microstructure gradient and associated tensile property gradient that are common to all EBM Inconel 718 builds. From the characteristic microstructure elements observed in EBM Inconel 718 material, the microstructure gradient can be classified into three distinct regions. Region 1 (top of a build) and is comprised of a cored dendritic structure that includesmore » carbides and Laves phase within the interdendritic regions. Region 2 is an intermediate transition zone characterized by a diffuse dendritic structure, dissolution of the Laves phase, and precipitation of δ needle networks within the interdendritic regions. The bulk structure (Region 3) is comprised of a columnar grain structure lacking dendritic characteristics with δ networks having precipitated within the grain interiors. Mechanically at both 20°C and 650° C, the yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, and elongation at failure exhibit the general trend of increasing with increasing build height.« less

  4. Ductile Fracture Behaviour of Hot Isostatically Pressed Inconel 690 Superalloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooper, A. J.; Brayshaw, W. J.; Sherry, A. H.

    2018-04-01

    Herein we assess the differences in Charpy impact behavior between Hot Isostatically Pressed and forged Inconel 690 alloy over the temperature range of 300 °C to - 196 °C. The impact toughness of forged 690 exhibited a relatively small temperature dependence, with a maximum difference of ca. 40 J measured between 300 °C and - 196 °C, whereas the HIP'd alloy exhibited a difference of approximately double that of the forged alloy over the same temperature range. We have conducted Charpy impact testing, tensile testing, and metallographic analyses on the as-received materials as well as fractography of the failed Charpy specimens in order to understand the mechanisms that cause the observed differences in material fracture properties. The work supports a recent series of studies which assess differences in fundamental fracture behavior between Hot Isostatically Pressed and forged austenitic stainless steel materials of equivalent grades, and the results obtained in this study are compared to those of the previous stainless steel investigations to paint a more general picture of the comparisons between HIP vs forged material fracture behavior. Inconel 690 was selected in this study since previous studies were unable to completely omit the effects of strain-induced martensitic transformation at the tip of the Chary V-notch from the fracture mechanism; Inconel 690 is unable to undergo strain-induced martensitic transformation due to the alloy's high nickel content, thereby providing a sister study with the omission of any martensitic transformation effects on ductile fracture behavior.

  5. The effects of heat treatment on the chromium depletion, precipitate evolution, and corrosion resistance of INCONEL alloy 690

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kai, J. J.; Yu, G. P.; Tsai, C. H.; Liu, M. N.; Yao, S. C.

    1989-10-01

    A series of heat treatments were performed to study the sensitization and the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) behavior of INCONEL Alloy 690. The microstructural evaluation and the chromium depletion near grain boundaries were carefully studied using analytical electron microscopy (AEM). The measured chromium depletion profiles were matched well to the calculated results from a thermodynamic/kinetic model. The constant extension rate test (CERT) was performed in the solution containing 0.001 M sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3) to study the SCC resistance of this alloy. The Huey test was also performed in a boiling 65 pct HNO3 solution for 48 hours to study the intergranular attack (IGA) resistance of this alloy. Both tests showed that INCONEL 690 has very good corrosion resistance. It is believed that the superior IGA and SCC resistances of this alloy are due to the high chromium concentration (≈30 wt pct). It is concluded in this study that INCONEL 690 may be a better alloy than INCONEL 600 for use as the steam generator (S/G) tubing material for pressurized water reactors (PWR's)

  6. Analysis of phase transformations in Inconel 738C alloy after regenerative heat treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kazantseva, N.; Davidov, D.; Vinogradova, N.; Ezhov, I.; Stepanova, N.

    2018-03-01

    Study is based on the characterization of the chemical composition the phase transformations in Inconel 738C gas turbine blade after standard regenerative heat treatment. The microstructure and chemical composition were examined by scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer. It was found the degradation of microstructure of the blade feather. Redistribution of the chemical elements decreasing the corrosion resistance was observed inside the blade feather. The carbide transformation and sigma phase were found in the structure of the blade feather. It is found that the standard regenerative heat treatment of the IN738 operative gas turbine blade does not effect on carbides transformation, TCP σ-phase dissolution, and thus do not guarantee the full recovery of the IN738 gas turbine blade.

  7. New technique for installing screen wicking into Inconel 718 heat pipe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giriunas, Julius A.; Watson, Gordon K.; Tower, Leonard K.

    1993-01-01

    The creep behavior of superalloys, including Inconel 718, in the presence of liquid sodium is not yet known. To study this problem, the NASA Lewis Research Center has initiated a program with the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) of Rockwell International Corporation to fill with sodium and creep-test three small cylindrical heat pipes of Inconel 718 for a period of 1000 hours each. This report documents the design and the construction methods that were used at NASA Lewis to fabricate these heat pipes. Of particular importance in the heat pipe construction was the installation of the screen wicking by using an expandable mandrel and differential thermal expansion. This installation technique differs from anything known to have been reported in the heat pipe literature and may be of interest to other workers in the heat pipe field.

  8. 48 CFR 750.7100 - Scope of subpart.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Scope of subpart. 750.7100 Section 750.7100 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy...

  9. 48 CFR 750.7100 - Scope of subpart.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Scope of subpart. 750.7100 Section 750.7100 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy...

  10. 48 CFR 750.7100 - Scope of subpart.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of subpart. 750.7100 Section 750.7100 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy...

  11. 48 CFR 750.7104 - Types of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of actions. 750.7104 Section 750.7104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy...

  12. 48 CFR 750.7109-1 - Filing requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Filing requests. 750.7109-1 Section 750.7109-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign...

  13. 48 CFR 750.7106-4 - Informal commitments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Informal commitments. 750.7106-4 Section 750.7106-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign...

  14. Crystal structure study of dielectric oxynitride perovskites La{sub 1−x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 2+x}N{sub 1−x} (x=0, 0.2)

    SciTech Connect

    Habu, Daiki; Masubuchi, Yuji; Torii, Shuki

    As is the case with SrTaO{sub 2}N, both cis-ordering of nitride anions and octahedral titling are also preferable in La{sub 1−x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 2+x}N{sub 1−x} (x=0, 0.2) oxynitride perovskites. A larger dielectric constant of ε{sub r}≈5.0×10{sup 3} was estimated for the pure oxynitride with x=0.2, compared with ε{sub r}≈750 for the product with x=0, by extrapolating the ε{sub r} values obtained from powders mixed with paraffin at various mixing ratios. The crystal structure of x=0.2 with larger tolerance factor than x=0 increased the octahedral tilting, which contributes to the increased dielectric constant. The increased dielectric constant supports the exchange mechanism formore » the dielectric property between two kinds of –Ti–N– helical coils (clockwise and anticlockwise) derived from the above cis-ordering of nitride anions. - Graphical abstract: Very large dielectric constant values were estimated for La{sub 1−x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 2+x}N{sub 1−x}; ε{sub r}≈5.0×10{sup 3} in x=0.2 and ε{sub r}≈750 in x=0. - Highlights: • Cis-configuration of nitride anions was confirmed in La{sub 1−x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 2+x}N{sub 1−x} (x=0, 0.2). • Dielectric constant values were estimated to be 750 for x=0 and 5.0×10{sup 3} for x=0.2, respectively. • The large dielectric property is to the exchange mechanism between clockwise and anticlockwise –Ti–N– coil motifs.« less

  15. Microhardness and microstructure evolution of TiB2 reinforced Inconel 625/TiB2 composite produced by selective laser melting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Baicheng; Bi, Guijun; Nai, Sharon; Sun, Chen-nan; Wei, Jun

    2016-06-01

    In this study, micron-size TiB2 particles were utilized to reinforce Inconel 625 produced by selective laser melting. Exceptional microhardness 600-700 HV0.3 of the composite was obtained. In further investigation, the microstructure and mechanical properties of Inconel 625/TiB2 composite can be significantly influenced by addition of TiB2 particles during SLM. It was found that the long directional columnar grains observed from SLM-processed Inconel 625 were totally changed to fine dendritic matrix due to the addition of TiB2 particles. Moreover, with laser energy density (LED) of 1200 J/m, a Ti, Mo rich interface around TiB2 particles with fine thickness can be observed by FESEM and EDS. The microstructure evolution can be determined by different laser energy density (LED): under 1200 J/m, γ phase in dendrite grains; under 600 J/m, γ phase in combination of dendritic and acicular grains; under 400 J/m, γ phase acicular grains. Under optimized LED 1200 J/m, the dynamic nanohardness (8.62 GPa) and elastic modulus (167 GPa) of SLM-processed Inconel 625/TiB2 composite are higher compared with those of SLM-processed Inconel 625 (3.97 GPa and 135 GPa, respectively).

  16. Hot tensile tests of Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    The physical metallurgy of near-solidus integranular cracking in Inconel 718 welds was investigated. The data, although inconclusive, suggest at least two mechanisms which might explain intergranular cracking (microfissuring) in the heat-affected zone of several high temperature alloys. One theory is based on the separation of intergranular liquid while the other involves mechanical failure of solid ligaments surrounded by intergranular liquid. Both mechanisms concentrate strain in the grain boundaries resulting in low strain (1%) intergranular brittleness. The mechanisms reported might also pertain to the physical metallurgy of casting, powder metallurgy sintering and hot isostatic pressing.

  17. 48 CFR 750.7107 - Limitations upon exercise of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Limitations upon exercise of authority. 750.7107 Section 750.7107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Actions To Protect Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7107 Limitations upon exercise of...

  18. 48 CFR 750.7107 - Limitations upon exercise of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Limitations upon exercise of authority. 750.7107 Section 750.7107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Actions To Protect Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7107 Limitations upon exercise of...

  19. 48 CFR 750.7107 - Limitations upon exercise of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Limitations upon exercise of authority. 750.7107 Section 750.7107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Actions To Protect Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7107 Limitations upon exercise of...

  20. 48 CFR 750.7107 - Limitations upon exercise of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Limitations upon exercise of authority. 750.7107 Section 750.7107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Actions To Protect Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7107 Limitations upon exercise of...

  1. 48 CFR 750.7107 - Limitations upon exercise of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Limitations upon exercise of authority. 750.7107 Section 750.7107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Actions To Protect Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7107 Limitations upon exercise of...

  2. 23 CFR 750.103 - Measurements of distance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Measurements of distance. 750.103 Section 750.103 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent to the Interstate...

  3. Temperature field simulation on Ti6Al4V and Inconel718 heated by continuous infrared laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yanshen; Zhang, Zheng; Feng, Weiwei; Wang, Bo; Gai, Yuxian

    2014-08-01

    Laser assisted machining technology can heat and soften metals, which can be used for improving the machinability of superalloys such as Ti6Al4V and Inconel718. Researches on temperature field simulation of Ti6Al4V and Inconel718 are conducted in this paper. A thermal differential equation is established based on Fourier's law and energy conservation law. Then, a model using ABAQUS for simulating heat transfer process is brought out, which is then experimentally validated. Using the simulation model, detailed investigations on temperature field simulation are carried out in Ti6Al4V and Inconel718. According to simulation, surface temperature of the two superalloys eventually reaches their peak values, and the peak temperature of Ti6Al4V is much higher than that of Inconel718. To further investigate temperature heated by laser, laser parameters such as power, scanning velocity, laser spot radius and inclination angle are set to be variables separately for simulation. Simulation results show that laser power and laser spot radius are predominant factors in heating process compared with the influence of scanning velocity and inclination angle. Simulations in this paper provide valuable references for parameter optimization in the following laser heating experiments, which plays an important role in laser assisted machining.

  4. Hot-cracking studies of Inconel 718 weld- heat-affected zones

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thompson, E. G.

    1969-01-01

    Hot ductility tests, gas-tungsten-arc fillerless fusion tests, and circle patch-weld-restraint tests were conducted on Inconel 718 to better understand and correlate the weldability /resistance to hot cracking/ of the alloy. A correlation of the test results with composition, heat-treat condition, grain size, and microstructure was made.

  5. 30 CFR 750.13 - Small operator assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Small operator assistance. 750.13 Section 750.13 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN LANDS PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS...

  6. Effects of Flux Precoating and Process Parameter on Welding Performance of Inconel 718 Alloy TIG Welds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Hsuan-Liang; Wu, Tong-Min; Cheng, Ching-Min

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of activating flux on the depth-to-width ratio (DWR) and hot cracking susceptibility of Inconel 718 alloy tungsten inert gas (TIG) welds. The Taguchi method is employed to investigate the welding parameters that affect the DWR of weld bead and to achieve optimal conditions in the TIG welds that are coated with activating flux in TIG (A-TIG) process. There are eight single-component fluxes used in the initial experiment to evaluate the penetration capability of A-TIG welds. The experimental results show that the Inconel 718 alloy welds precoated with 50% SiO2 and 50% MoO3 flux were provided with better welding performance such as DWR and hot cracking susceptibility. The experimental procedure of TIG welding process using mixed-component flux and optimal conditions not only produces a significant increase in DWR of weld bead, but also decreases the hot cracking susceptibility of Inconel 718 alloy welds.

  7. Microstructure and mechanical behavior of direct metal laser sintered Inconel alloy 718

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Derek H.; Bicknell, Jonathan; Jorgensen, Luke

    2016-03-15

    In this paper, we investigate microstructure and quasi-static mechanical behavior of the direct metal laser sintered Inconel 718 superalloy as a function of build direction (BD). The printed material was further processed by annealing and double-aging, hot isostatic pressing (HIP), and machining. We characterize porosity fraction and distribution using micro X-ray computed tomography (μXCT), grain structure and crystallographic texture using electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD), and mechanical response in quasi-static tension and compression using standard mechanical testing at room temperature. Analysis of the μXCT imaging shows that majority of porosity develops in the outer layer of the printed material. However, porositymore » inside the material is also present. The EBSD measurements reveal formation of columnar grains, which favor < 001 > fiber texture components along the BD. These measurements also show evidence of coarse-grained microstructure present in the samples treated by HIP. Finally, analysis of grain boundaries reveal that HIP results in a large number of annealing twins compared to that in samples that underwent annealing and double-aging. The yield strength varies with the testing direction by approximately 7%, which is governed by a combination of grain morphology and crystallographic texture. In particular, we determine tension–compression asymmetry in the yield stress as well as anisotropy of the material flow during compression. We find that HIP lowers yield stress but improves ductility relative to the annealed and aged material. These results are discussed and critically compared with the data reported for wrought material in the same condition. - Highlights: • Microstructure and mechanical properties of DMLS Inconel 718 are studied in function of build direction. • Inhomogeneity of microstructure in the material in several conditions is quantified by μXCT and EBSD. • Anisotropy and asymmetry in the mechanical response are

  8. [INVITED] Laser treatment of Inconel 718 alloy and surface characteristics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yilbas, B. S.; Ali, H.; Al-Aqeeli, N.; Karatas, C.

    2016-04-01

    Laser surface texturing of Inconel 718 alloy is carried out under the high pressure nitrogen assisting gas. The combination of evaporation and melting at the irradiated surface is achieved by controlling the laser scanning speed and the laser output power. Morphological and metallurgical changes in the treated surface are analyzed using the analytical tools including optical, electron scanning, and atomic force microscopes, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Microhardnes and friction coefficient of the laser treated surface are measured. Residual stress formed in the surface region is determined from the X-ray diffraction data. Surface hydrophobicity of the laser treated layer is assessed incorporating the sessile drop method. It is found that laser treated surface is free from large size asperities including cracks and the voids. Surface microhardness increases significantly after the laser treatment process, which is attributed to the dense layer formation at the surface under the high cooling rates, dissolution of Laves phase in the surface region, and formation of nitride species at the surface. Residual stress formed is compressive in the laser treated surface and friction coefficient reduces at the surface after the laser treatment process. The combination of evaporation and melting at the irradiated surface results in surface texture composes of micro/nano-poles and pillars, which enhance the surface hydrophobicity.

  9. Supplementary Microstructural Features Induced During Laser Surface Melting of Thermally Sprayed Inconel 625 Coatings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, Nauman; Voisey, K. T.; McCartney, D. G.

    2014-02-01

    Laser surface melting of thermally sprayed coatings has the potential to enhance their corrosion properties by incorporating favorable microstructural changes. Besides homogenizing the as-sprayed structure, laser melting may induce certain microstructural modifications (i.e., supplementary features) in addition to those that directly improve the corrosion performance. Such features, being a direct result of the laser treatment process, are described in this paper which is part of a broader study in which high velocity oxy-fuel sprayed Inconel 625 coatings on mild-steel substrates were treated with a diode laser and the modified microstructure characterized using optical and scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. The laser treated coating features several different zones, including a region with a microstructure in which there is a continuous columnar dendritic structure through a network of retained oxide stringers.

  10. A Comprehensive Pitting Study of High Velocity Oxygen Fuel Inconel 625 Coating by Using Electrochemical Testing Techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niaz, Akbar; Khan, Sajid Ullah

    2016-01-01

    In the present work, Inconel 625 was coated on a mild steel substrate using a high velocity oxygen fuel coating process. The pitting propensity of the coating was tested by using open circuit potential versus time, potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical potentiokinetic reactivation, and scanning electrochemical microscopy. The pitting propensity of the coating was compared with bulk Inconel 625 alloy. The results confirmed that there were regions of different electrochemical activities on the coating which have caused pitting corrosion.

  11. 36 CFR 7.50 - Chickasaw Recreation Area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Chickasaw Recreation Area. 7.50 Section 7.50 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... around the Buckhorn Campground D Loop shoreline. (2) PWC may not be operated at greater than flat wake...

  12. 36 CFR 7.50 - Chickasaw Recreation Area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Chickasaw Recreation Area. 7.50 Section 7.50 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... around the Buckhorn Campground D Loop shoreline. (2) PWC may not be operated at greater than flat wake...

  13. 36 CFR 7.50 - Chickasaw Recreation Area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Chickasaw Recreation Area. 7.50 Section 7.50 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... around the Buckhorn Campground D Loop shoreline. (2) PWC may not be operated at greater than flat wake...

  14. 36 CFR 7.50 - Chickasaw Recreation Area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Chickasaw Recreation Area. 7.50 Section 7.50 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... around the Buckhorn Campground D Loop shoreline. (2) PWC may not be operated at greater than flat wake...

  15. 36 CFR 7.50 - Chickasaw Recreation Area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Chickasaw Recreation Area. 7.50 Section 7.50 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... around the Buckhorn Campground D Loop shoreline. (2) PWC may not be operated at greater than flat wake...

  16. Effect of Orientation on Tensile Properties of Inconel 718 Block Fabricated with Electron Beam Freeform Fabrication (EBF3)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bird, R. Keith; Atherton, Todd S.

    2010-01-01

    Electron beam freeform fabrication (EBF3) direct metal deposition processing was used to fabricate an Inconel 718 bulk block deposit. Room temperature tensile properties were measured as a function of orientation and location within the block build. This study is a follow-on activity to previous work on Inconel 718 EBF3 deposits that were too narrow to allow properties to be measured in more than one orientation

  17. 24 CFR 236.750 - Form of lease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Form of lease. 236.750 Section 236... INSURANCE AND INTEREST REDUCTION PAYMENT FOR RENTAL PROJECTS Rental Assistance Payments § 236.750 Form of lease. (a) Lease form. Eligible tenants shall be required to execute a lease in a form approved by the...

  18. 24 CFR 236.750 - Form of lease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Form of lease. 236.750 Section 236... INSURANCE AND INTEREST REDUCTION PAYMENT FOR RENTAL PROJECTS Rental Assistance Payments § 236.750 Form of lease. (a) Lease form. Eligible tenants shall be required to execute a lease in a form approved by the...

  19. 24 CFR 236.750 - Form of lease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Form of lease. 236.750 Section 236... INSURANCE AND INTEREST REDUCTION PAYMENT FOR RENTAL PROJECTS Rental Assistance Payments § 236.750 Form of lease. (a) Lease form. Eligible tenants shall be required to execute a lease in a form approved by the...

  20. 24 CFR 236.750 - Form of lease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Form of lease. 236.750 Section 236... INSURANCE AND INTEREST REDUCTION PAYMENT FOR RENTAL PROJECTS Rental Assistance Payments § 236.750 Form of lease. (a) Lease form. Eligible tenants shall be required to execute a lease in a form approved by the...

  1. Effect of service exposure on fatigue crack propagation of Inconel 718 turbine disc material at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect

    Jeong, Dae-Ho; Choi, Myung-Je; Goto, Masahiro

    In this study, the fatigue crack propagation behavior of Inconel 718 turbine disc with different service times from 0 to 4229 h was investigated at 738 and 823 K. No notable change in microstructural features, other than the increase in grain size, was observed with increasing service time. With increasing service time from 0 to 4229 h, the fatigue crack propagation rates tended to increase, while the ΔK{sub th} value decreased, in low ΔK regime and lower Paris' regime at both testing temperatures. The fractographic observation using a scanning electron microscope suggested that the elevated temperature fatigue crack propagation mechanismmore » of Inconel 718 changed from crystallographic cleavage mechanism to striation mechanism in the low ΔK regime, depending on the grain size. The fatigue crack propagation mechanism is proposed for the crack propagating through small and large grains in the low ΔK regime, and the fatigue crack propagation behavior of Inconel 718 with different service times at elevated temperatures is discussed. - Highlights: • The specimens were prepared from the Inconel 718 turbine disc used for 0 to 4229 h. • FCP rates were measured at 738 and 823 K. • The ΔK{sub th} values decreased with increasing service time. • The FCP behavior showed a strong correlation with the grain size of used turbine disc.« less

  2. OXIDATION OF INCONEL 718 IN AIR AT TEMPERATURES FROM 973K TO 1620K.

    SciTech Connect

    GREENE,G.A.; FINFROCK,C.C.

    2000-10-01

    As part of the APT project, it was necessary to quantify the release of tungsten from the APT spallation target during postulated accident conditions in order to develop accident source terms for accident consequence characterization. Experiments with tungsten rods at high temperatures in a flowing steam environment characteristic of postulated accidents revealed that considerable vaporization of the tungsten occurred as a result of reactions with the steam and that the aerosols which formed were readily transported away from the tungsten surfaces, thus exposing fresh tungsten to react with more steam. The resulting tungsten release fractions and source terms were undesirablemore » and it was decided to clad the tungsten target with Inconel 718 in order to protect it from contact with steam during an accident and mitigate the accident source term and the consequences. As part of the material selection criteria, experiments were conducted with Inconel 718 at high temperatures to evaluate the rate of oxidation of the proposed clad material over as wide a temperature range as possible, as well as to determine the high-temperature failure limit of the material. Samples of Inconel 718 were inserted into a preheated furnace at temperatures ranging from 973 K to 1620 K and oxidized in air for varying periods of time. After oxidizing in air at a constant temperature for the prescribed time and then being allowed to cool, the samples would be reweighed to determine their weight gain due to the uptake of oxygen. From these weight gain measurements, it was possible to identify three regimes of oxidation for Inconel 718: a low-temperature regime in which the samples became passivated after the initial oxidation, an intermediate-temperature regime in which the rate of oxidation was limited by diffusion and exhibited a constant parabolic rate dependence, and a high-temperature regime in which material deformation and damage accompanied an accelerated oxidation rate above the

  3. 48 CFR 750.7106-2 - Amendments without consideration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amendments without consideration. 750.7106-2 Section 750.7106-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect...

  4. 48 CFR 750.7106 - Standards for deciding cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standards for deciding cases. 750.7106 Section 750.7106 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect...

  5. Investigation on corrosion behavior of Ni-based alloys in molten fluoride salt using synchrotron radiation techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Min; Zheng, Junyi; Lu, Yanling; Li, Zhijun; Zou, Yang; Yu, Xiaohan; Zhou, Xingtai

    2013-09-01

    Ni-based alloys have been selected as the structural materials in molten-salt reactors due to their high corrosion resistance and excellent mechanical properties. In this paper, the corrosion behavior of some Ni-based superalloys including Inconel 600, Hastelloy X and Hastelloy C-276 were investigated in molten fluoride salts at 750 °C. Morphology and microstructure of corroded samples were analyzed using scanning electron microscope (SEM), synchrotron radiation X-ray microbeam fluorescence (μ-XRF) and synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) techniques. Results from μ-XRF and SR-XRD show that the main depleted alloying element of Ni-based alloys in molten fluoride salt is Cr. In addition, the results indicate that Mo can enhance the corrosion resistance in molten FLiNaK salts. Among the above three Ni-based alloys, Hastelloy C-276 exhibits the best corrosion resistance in molten fluoride salts 750 °C. Higher-content Mo and lower-content Cr in Hastelloy C-276 alloy were responsible for the better anti-corrosive performance, compared to the other two alloys.

  6. Investigation on edge joints of Inconel 625 sheets processed with laser welding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caiazzo, F.; Alfieri, V.; Cardaropoli, F.; Sergi, V.

    2017-08-01

    Laser welding of Inconel 625 edge joint beads in square groove configuration was investigated. The use of different weld geometries in new aerospace solutions explains research on edge joints. A structured plan was carried out in order to characterize the process defining the influence of laser power and welding speed and to study possible interactions among the governing factors. As weld pool protection is crucial in order to obtain sound joints when processing superalloys, a special glove box for gas supply was designed to upgrade the welding head. Welded joints were characterized referring to bead profile, microstructure and X-rays. It was found that heat input plays an important role as it affects welding stability, porosity content and bead shape. Results suggest operating with low values of heat input to reduce porosity and guarantee stable bead conformation. Furthermore, a decrease in the grain size has been observed as a consequence of decreasing heat input.

  7. Corrosion evaluation of alloys and MCrAlX coatings in molten carbonates for thermal solar applications

    DOE PAGES

    Gomez-Vidal, Judith C.; Noel, John; Weber, Jacob

    2016-07-30

    Here, stainless steels (SS) 310, 321, 347, Incoloy 800H (In800H), alumina-forming austenitic (AFA-OC6), Ni superalloy Inconel 625 (IN625), and MCrAlX (M: Ni, and/or Co; X: Y, Hf, Si, and/or Ta) coatings were corroded in molten carbonates in N 2 and bone-dry CO 2 atmospheres. Electrochemical tests in molten eutectics K 2CO 3-Na 2CO 3 and Na 2CO 3-K 2CO 3-Li 2CO 3 at temperatures higher than 600 °C were evaluated using an open-circuit potential followed by a potentiodynamic polarization sweep to determine the corrosion rates. Because the best-performing alloys at 750 °C were In800H followed by SS310, these two alloysmore » were selected as the substrate material for the MCrAlX coatings. The coatings were able to mitigate corrosion in molten carbonates environments. The corrosion of substrates SS310 and In800H was reduced from ~2500 um/year to 34 um/year when coated with high-velocity oxyfuel (HVOF) NiCoCrAlHfSiY and pre-oxidized (air, 900 °C, 24 h, 0.5 °C/min) before molten carbonate exposure at 700 °C in bone-dry CO 2 atmosphere. Metallographic characterization of the corroded surfaces showed that the formation of a uniform alumina scale during the pre-oxidation seems to protect the alloy from the molten carbonate attack.« less

  8. Creep-rupture tests of internally pressurized Inconel 702 tubes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gumto, K. H.

    1973-01-01

    Seamless Inconel 702 tubes with 0.375-in. outside diameter and 0.025-in. wall thickness were tested to failure at temperatures from 1390 to 1575 F and internal helium pressures from 700 to 1800 psi. Lifetimes ranged from 29 to 1561 hr. The creep-rupture strength of the tubes was about 70 percent lower than that of sheet specimens. Larson-Miller correlations and photomicrographs of some specimens are presented.

  9. 48 CFR 750.7109-3 - Facts and evidence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Facts and evidence. 750.7109-3 Section 750.7109-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign...

  10. Advances in 750 nm VECSELs (Conference Presentation)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saarinen, Esa J.; Ranta, Sanna; Lyytikäinen, Jari; Saarela, Antti; Sirbu, Alexei; Iakovlev, Vladimir; Kapon, Eli; Guina, Mircea

    2017-03-01

    Lasers operating in the transmission window of tissue at wavelengths between 700 and 800 nm are needed in numerous medical and biomedical applications, including photodynamic therapy and fluorescence microscopy. However, the performance of diode lasers in this spectral range is limited by the lack of appropriate compound semiconductors. Here, we review our recent research on 750 nm VECSELs. Two approaches to reaching the 750 nm wavelength will be discussed. The first approach relies on intra-cavity frequency doubling a wafer-fused 1500 nm VECSEL. The VECSEL gain chip comprises a GaAs-based DBR and an InP-based gain section, which allows for optical pumping with low-cost commercial diodes at 980 nm. With this scheme we have achieved watt-level output powers and tuning of the laser wavelength over a 40 nm band at around 750 nm. The second approach is direct emission at 750 nm using the AlGaAs/GaAs material system. In this approach visible wavelengths are required for optical pumping. However, the consequent higher costs compared to pumping at 980 nm are mitigated by the more compact laser setup and prospects of doubling the frequency to the ultraviolet range.

  11. 23 CFR 750.306 - Documentation for Federal participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Documentation for Federal participation. 750.306 Section 750.306 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners...

  12. 40 CFR 750.2 - Notice of proposed rulemaking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., technological innovation, the environment, and public health. (v) Major impacts of alternatives to the proposed... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Notice of proposed rulemaking. 750.2 Section 750.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES...

  13. 40 CFR 750.2 - Notice of proposed rulemaking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., technological innovation, the environment, and public health. (v) Major impacts of alternatives to the proposed... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Notice of proposed rulemaking. 750.2 Section 750.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES...

  14. 40 CFR 750.2 - Notice of proposed rulemaking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., technological innovation, the environment, and public health. (v) Major impacts of alternatives to the proposed... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Notice of proposed rulemaking. 750.2 Section 750.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES...

  15. 40 CFR 750.2 - Notice of proposed rulemaking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., technological innovation, the environment, and public health. (v) Major impacts of alternatives to the proposed... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notice of proposed rulemaking. 750.2 Section 750.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES...

  16. 40 CFR 750.2 - Notice of proposed rulemaking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., technological innovation, the environment, and public health. (v) Major impacts of alternatives to the proposed... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Notice of proposed rulemaking. 750.2 Section 750.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES...

  17. Pharmacodynamics of 750 mg and 500 mg doses of levofloxacin against ciprofloxacin-resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae.

    PubMed

    Lister, Philip D

    2002-09-01

    An in vitro pharmacokinetic model (IVPM) was used to evaluate the pharmacodynamics of the 750 mg and 500 mg doses of levofloxacin against 4 ciprofloxacin-nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae. Levofloxacin MICs ranged from 1.4 to 3.2 micro g/ml. Log-phase cultures (5 x 10(7) cfu/ml) were inoculated into the IVPM and exposed to the peak free-drug concentrations of levofloxacin achieved in human serum with each dose. Levofloxacin was dosed at 0 and 24 h, elimination pharmacokinetics were simulated, and viable counts were measured over 30 h. The 750 mg dose was rapidly bactericidal against all 4 strains, achieving eradication within 30 h. Against strains with levofloxacin MICs of 1.4 and 1.8 micro g/ml, the 500 mg dose exhibited pharmacodynamics similar to the 750 mg dose. In contrast, against strains with levofloxacin MICs of 2.6 and 3.2 micro g/ml, viable counts never fell below 10(4) cfu/ml. The rapid killing and eradication of these pneumococci by the 750 mg dose warrant the clinical evaluation of this new dose in the treatment of pneumococcal infections.

  18. Inertial Weldment of Rhenium and Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cavender, D. P.; Courtright, Z. S.; Hostetter, G.; Laiman, M.

    2018-01-01

    Inertia welding has been found to be a successful method for joining pure rhenium to Inconel 718, and with additional experimentation, this process may have great potential for rocket nozzle applications. Refractory metals are ideally suited to this application, where high temperatures and oxidizing environment survivability is required, but not all of the thruster must be made of these materials, only the areas that require them. A bolted joint between the two metals is not ideal, especially for small thrusters where the mess of a bolted join will come at a steep price. A welded joint would be preferred for flight thrusters.

  19. Microstructure and Properties of the Ti6Al4V/Inconel 625 Bimetal Obtained by Explosive Joining

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Topolski, Krzysztof; Szulc, Zygmunt; Garbacz, Halina

    2016-08-01

    The study is concerned with the bimetallic plate composed of the Ti6Al4V and Inconel 625 alloys. The alloys were joined together using the explosive method with the aim to produce a bimetallic joint. The structure and the mechanical properties of the as-received raw Ti6Al4V and Inconel 625 alloys, the Ti6Al4V/Inconel 625 joint, and the joint after annealing (600 °C for 1 h) were examined. The samples observations were performed using a light microscope and a scanning electron microscope. The mechanical properties were estimated by microhardness measurements, tensile tests, and three-point bending tests. Moreover, the deformation strengthening of the metals and the strength of the joint were analyzed. The explosive process resulted in a good quality bimetallic joint. Both sheets were deformed plastically and the joint surface between the alloys had a wavy shape. In the area of the joint surface, the hardness was increased. For example, the annealing at 600 °C for 1 h resulted in changes of the microhardness in the entire volume of the samples and in changes of the morphology of the joint surface. In three-point bending tests, the samples were examined in two opposite positions (Ti6Al4V on the top or Inconel 625 on the top). The results indicated to depend on the position in which the sample was tested.

  20. A novel CXCR4-targeted near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe (Peptide R-NIR750) specifically detects CXCR4 expressing tumors.

    PubMed

    Santagata, Sara; Portella, Luigi; Napolitano, Maria; Greco, Adelaide; D'Alterio, Crescenzo; Barone, Maria Vittoria; Luciano, Antonio; Gramanzini, Matteo; Auletta, Luigi; Arra, Claudio; Zannetti, Antonella; Scala, Stefania

    2017-05-31

    C-X-C chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is over-expressed in multiple human cancers and correlates with tumor aggressiveness, poor prognosis and increased risk for distant metastases. Imaging agents for CXCR4 are thus highly desirable. We developed a novel CXCR4-targeted near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe (Peptide R-NIR750) conjugating the new developed CXCR4 peptidic antagonist Peptide R with the NIR fluorescent dye VivoTag-S750. Specific CXCR4 binding was obtained in cells overexpressing human CXCR4 (B16-hCXCR4 and human melanoma cells PES43), but not in CXCR4 low expressing cells (FB-1). Ex vivo evaluation demonstrated that PepR-NIR750 specifically detects B16-hCXCR4-derived subcutaneous tumors and lung metastases. Fluorescence Molecular Tomography (FMT) in vivo imaging was performed on mice carrying subcutaneous CHO and CHO-CXCR4 tumors. PepR-NIR750 accumulates only in CXCR4-positive expressing subcutaneous tumors. Additionally, an intense NIR fluorescence signal was detected in PES43-derived lung metastases of nude mice injected with PepR-NIR750 versus mice injected with VivoTag-S750. With a therapeutic intent, mice bearing PES43-derived lung metastases were treated with Peptide R. A the dramatic reduction in PES43-derived lung metastases was detected through a decrease of the PepR-NIR750 signal. PepR-NIR750 is a specific probe for non-invasive detection of human high CXCR4-expressing tumors and metastatic lesion and thus a valuable tool for cancer molecular imaging.

  1. 21 CFR 7.50 - Public notification of recall.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public notification of recall. 7.50 Section 7.50 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENFORCEMENT POLICY Recalls (Including Product Corrections)-Guidance on Policy, Procedures, and Industry...

  2. 33 CFR 207.750 - Puget Sound Area, Wash.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 207.750 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NAVIGATION REGULATIONS § 207.750 Puget Sound Area, Wash. (a) Waterway connecting Port Townsend and... shall so be identified with the lockmaster. They shall be in compliance with Department of...

  3. 33 CFR 207.750 - Puget Sound Area, Wash.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Section 207.750 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NAVIGATION REGULATIONS § 207.750 Puget Sound Area, Wash. (a) Waterway connecting Port Townsend and... shall so be identified with the lockmaster. They shall be in compliance with Department of...

  4. 33 CFR 207.750 - Puget Sound Area, Wash.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Section 207.750 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NAVIGATION REGULATIONS § 207.750 Puget Sound Area, Wash. (a) Waterway connecting Port Townsend and... shall so be identified with the lockmaster. They shall be in compliance with Department of...

  5. 40 CFR 63.750 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 11 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Test methods and procedures. 63.750...) National Emission Standards for Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities § 63.750 Test methods and... engineering reference texts, or other equivalent methods. (2) The composite vapor pressure of a blended hand...

  6. 32 CFR 750.49 - Delegations of adjudicating authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Delegations of adjudicating authority. 750.49... CLAIMS REGULATIONS Military Claims Act § 750.49 Delegations of adjudicating authority. (a) Settlement...)(3) of this section may delegate all or part of their settlement authority. Such delegation must be...

  7. 32 CFR 750.49 - Delegations of adjudicating authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Delegations of adjudicating authority. 750.49... CLAIMS REGULATIONS Military Claims Act § 750.49 Delegations of adjudicating authority. (a) Settlement...)(3) of this section may delegate all or part of their settlement authority. Such delegation must be...

  8. Considerations on repeated repairing of weldments in Inconel 718 alloy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bayless, E. O.; Lovoy, C. V.; Mcilwain, M. C.; Munafo, P.

    1981-01-01

    The effects of repeated weld repairs on the metallurgical characteristics, high cycle fatigue (HCF), and tensile properties of Inconel 718 butt weld joints were determined. A 1/4 in thick plate and a 1/2 in thick plate were used as well as tungsten inert gas welding, and Inconel 718 filler wire. Weld panels were subjected to 2, 6, and 12 repeated repairs and were made in a highly restrained condition. Post weld heat treatments were also conducted with the welded panel in the highly restrained condition. Results indicate that no significant metallurgical anomaly is evident as a result of up to twelve repeated weld repairs. No degradation in fatigue life is noted for up to twelve repeated repairs. Tensile results from specimens which contained up to twelve repeated weld repairs revealed no significant degradation in UTS and YS. However, a significant decrease in elongation is evident with specimens (solution treated and age hardened after welding) which contained twelve repeated repairs. The elongation loss is attributed to the presence of a severe notch on each side (fusion line) of the repair weld bead reinforcement.

  9. 40 CFR 63.750 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Test methods and procedures. 63.750...) National Emission Standards for Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities § 63.750 Test methods and... period as part of an ambient ozone control program. (1)(i) Determine the total organic HAP weight...

  10. 40 CFR 63.750 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 11 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Test methods and procedures. 63.750...) National Emission Standards for Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities § 63.750 Test methods and... period as part of an ambient ozone control program. (1)(i) Determine the total organic HAP weight...

  11. 40 CFR 63.750 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 11 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Test methods and procedures. 63.750...) National Emission Standards for Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities § 63.750 Test methods and... period as part of an ambient ozone control program. (1)(i) Determine the total organic HAP weight...

  12. 40 CFR 63.750 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Test methods and procedures. 63.750...) National Emission Standards for Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities § 63.750 Test methods and... period as part of an ambient ozone control program. (1)(i) Determine the total organic HAP weight...

  13. Mechanical properties of Inconel 718 and Nickel 201 alloys after thermal histories simulating brazing and high temperature service

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    James, W. F.

    1985-01-01

    An experimental investigation was made to evaluate two nickel base alloys (Nickel-201 and Inconel-718) in three heat treated conditions. These conditions were: (1) annealed; (2) after thermal exposure simulating a braze cycle; and (3) after a thermal exposure simulating a braze cycle plus one operational lifetime of high temperature service. For the Nickel-201, two different braze cycle temperatures were evaluated. A braze cycle utilizing a lower braze temperature resulted in less grain growth for Nickel-201 than the standard braze cycle used for joining Nickel-201 to Inconel-718. It was determined, however, that Nickel-201, was marginal for temperatures investigated due to large grain growth. After the thermal exposures described above, the mechanical properties of Nickel-201 were degraded, whereas similar exposure on Inconel-718 actually strengthened the material compared with the annealed condition. The investigation included tensile tests at both room temperature and elevated temperatures, stress-rupture tests, and metallographic examination.

  14. Interpreting 750 GeV diphoton excess in plain NMSSM

    DOE PAGES

    Badziak, Marcin; Olechowski, Marek; Pokorski, Stefan; ...

    2016-06-29

    NMSSM has enough ingredients to explain the diphoton excess at 750 GeV: singlet-like (pseudo) scalar (a) s and higgsinos as heavy vector-like fermions. We consider the production of the 750 GeV singlet-like pseudo scalar a from a decay of the doublet-like pseudo scalar A, and the subsequent decay of a into two photons via higgsino loop. We demonstrate that this cascade decay of the NMSSM Higgs bosons can explain the diphoton excess at 750 GeV.

  15. Experimental and modeling results of creep fatigue life of Inconel 617 and Haynes 230 at 850 C

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Xiang; Sokolov, Mikhail A; Sham, Sam

    Creep fatigue testing of Ni-based superalloy Inconel 617 and Haynes 230 were conducted in the air at 850 C. Tests were performed with fully reversed axial strain control at a total strain range of 0.5%, 1.0% or 1.5% and hold time at maximum tensile strain for 3, 10 or 30 min. In addition, two creep fatigue life prediction methods, i.e. linear damage summation and frequency-modified tensile hysteresis energy modeling, were evaluated and compared with experimental results. Under all creep fatigue tests, Haynes 230 performed better than Inconel 617. Compared to the low cycle fatigue life, the cycles to failure formore » both materials decreased under creep fatigue test conditions. Longer hold time at maximum tensile strain would cause a further reduction in both material creep fatigue life. The linear damage summation could predict the creep fatigue life of Inconel 617 for limited test conditions, but considerably underestimated the creep fatigue life of Haynes 230. In contrast, frequency-modified tensile hysteresis energy modeling showed promising creep fatigue life prediction results for both materials.« less

  16. Real-time phase evolution of Selective Laser Melted (SLM) Inconel 718 with temperature through synchrotron X-rays

    SciTech Connect

    Sarley, Brooke A.; Manero, Albert; Cotelo, Jose

    2017-01-01

    Selective laser melting (SLM) is an additive manufacturing process that uses laser scanning to achieve melting and solidification of a metal powder bed. This process, when applied to develop high temperature material systems, holds great promise for more efficient manufacturing of turbine components that withstand extreme temperatures, heat fluxes, and high mechanical stresses associated with engine environments. These extreme operational conditions demand stringent tolerances and an understanding of the material evolution under thermal loading. This work presents a real-time approach to elucidating the evolution of precipitate phases in SLM Inconel 718 (IN718) under high temperatures using high-energy synchrotron x-ray diffraction.more » Four representative samples (taken along variable build height) were studied in room temperature conditions. Two samples were studied as-processed (samples 1 and 4) and two samples after different thermal treatments (samples 2 and 3). The as-processed samples were found to contain greater amounts of weakening phase, δ. Precipitation hardening of Sample 2 reduced the detectable volume of δ, while also promoting growth of γ00 in the γ matrix. Inversely, solution treatment of Sample 3 produced an overall decrease in precipitate phases. High-temperature, in-situ synchrotron scans during ramp-up, hold, and cool down of two different thermal cycles show the development of precipitate phases. Sample 1 was held at 870°C and subsequently ramped up to 1100°C, during which the high temperature instability of strengthening precipitate, γ00, was seen. γ00 dissolution occurred after 15 minutes at 870°C and was followed by an increase of δ-phase. Sample 4 was held at 800°C and exhibited growth of γ00 after 20 minutes at this temperature. These experiments use in-situ observations to understand the intrinsic thermal effect of the SLM process and the use of heat treatment to manipulate the phase composition of SLM IN718.« less

  17. 23 CFR 750.154 - Standards for directional signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Standards for directional signs. 750.154 Section 750.154 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY... the State permits the erection of any such signs under section 131(c) of title 23 U.S.C., and this...

  18. Process Capability of High Speed Micro End-Milling of Inconel 718 with Minimum Quantity Lubrication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rahman, Mohamed Abd; Yeakub Ali, Mohammad; Rahman Shah Rosli, Abdul; Banu, Asfana

    2017-03-01

    The demand for micro-parts is expected to grow and micro-machining has been shown to be a viable manufacturing process to produce these products. These micro-products may be produced from hard-to-machine materials such as superalloys under little or no metal cutting fluids to reduce machining cost or drawbacks associated with health and environment. This project aims to investigate the capability of micro end-milling process of Inconel 718 with minimum quantity lubrication (MQL). Microtools DT-110 multi-process micro machine was used to machine 10 micro-channels with MQL and 10 more under dry condition while maintaining the same machining parameters. The width of the micro-channels was measured using digital microscope and used to determine the process capability indices, Cp and Cpk. QI Macros SPC for Excel was used to analyze the resultant machining data. The results indicated that micro end-milling process of Inconel 718 was not capable under both MQL and dry cutting conditions as indicated by the Cp values of less than 1.0. However, the use of MQL helped the process to be more stable and capable. Results obtained showed that the process variation was greatly reduced by using MQL in micro end-milling of Inconel 718.

  19. 23 CFR 750.711 - Structures which have never displayed advertising material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Structures which have never displayed advertising material. 750.711 Section 750.711 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.711 Structures...

  20. Analytical methods to characterize heterogeneous raw material for thermal spray process: cored wire Inconel 625

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lindner, T.; Bonebeau, S.; Drehmann, R.; Grund, T.; Pawlowski, L.; Lampke, T.

    2016-03-01

    In wire arc spraying, the raw material needs to exhibit sufficient formability and ductility in order to be processed. By using an electrically conductive, metallic sheath, it is also possible to handle non-conductive and/or brittle materials such as ceramics. In comparison to massive wire, a cored wire has a heterogeneous material distribution. Due to this fact and the complex thermodynamic processes during wire arc spraying, it is very difficult to predict the resulting chemical composition in the coating with sufficient accuracy. An Inconel 625 cored wire was used to investigate this issue. In a comparative study, the analytical results of the raw material were compared to arc sprayed coatings and droplets, which were remelted in an arc furnace under argon atmosphere. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis were used to determine the chemical composition. The phase determination was performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results were related to the manufacturer specifications and evaluated in respect to differences in the chemical composition. The comparison between the feedstock powder, the remelted droplets and the thermally sprayed coatings allows to evaluate the influence of the processing methods on the resulting chemical and phase composition.

  1. Development of an inconel self powered neutron detector for in-core reactor monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alex, M.; Ghodgaonkar, M. D.

    2007-04-01

    The paper describes the development and testing of an Inconel600 (2 mm diameter×21 cm long) self-powered neutron detector for in-core neutron monitoring. The detector has 3.5 mm overall diameter and 22 cm length and is integrally coupled to a 12 m long mineral insulated cable. The performance of the detector was compared with cobalt and platinum detectors of similar dimensions. Gamma sensitivity measurements performed at the 60Co irradiation facility in 14 MR/h gamma field showed values of -4.4×10 -18 A/R/h/cm (-9.3×10 -24 A/ γ/cm 2-s/cm), -5.2×10 -18 A/R/h/cm (-1.133×10 -23 A/ γ/cm 2-s/cm) and 34×10 -18 A/R/h/cm (7.14×10 -23 A/ γ/cm 2-s/cm) for the Inconel, Co and Pt detectors, respectively. The detectors together with a miniature gamma ion chamber and fission chamber were tested in the in-core Apsara Swimming Pool type reactor. The ion chambers were used to estimate the neutron and gamma fields. With an effective neutron cross-section of 4b, the Inconel detector has a total sensitivity of 6×10 -23 A/nv/cm while the corresponding sensitivities for the platinum and cobalt detectors were 1.69×10 -22 and 2.64×10 -22 A/nv/cm. The linearity of the detector responses at power levels ranging from 100 to 200 kW was within ±5%. The response of the detectors to reactor scram showed that the prompt response of the Inconel detector was 0.95 while it was 0.7 and 0.95 for the platinum and cobalt self-powered detectors, respectively. The detector was also installed in the horizontal flux unit of 540 MW Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR). The neutron flux at the detector location was calculated by Triveni code. The detector response was measured from 0.02% to 0.07% of full power and showed good correlation between power level and detector signals. Long-term tests and the dynamic response of the detector to shut down in PHWR are in progress.

  2. Spectral Emittance of Uncoated and Ceramic-Coated Inconel and Type 321 Stainless Steel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richmond, Joseph C.; Stewart, James E.

    1959-01-01

    The normal spectral emittance of Inconel and type 321 stainless steel with different surface treatments was measured at temperatures of 900, 1,200, 1,500, and 1,800 F over a wavelength range of 1.5 to 15 microns. The measurements involved comparison of the radiant energy emitted by the heated specimen with that emitted by a comparison standard at the same temperature by means of a recording double-beam infrared spectrophotometer. The silicon carbide comparison standard had previously been calibrated against a laboratory black-body furnace. Surface treatments included electropolishing, sandblasting, electro-polishing followed by oxidation in air for 1/2 hour at 1,800 F, sandblasting followed by oxidation in air for 1/2 hour at 1,800 F, application of National Bureau of Standards coating A-418, and application of NBS ceramic coating N-143. The normal spectral emittance of both alloys in the electropolished condition was low and decreased very slightly with increasing wavelength while in the sandblasted condition it was somewhat higher and did not vary appreciably with wavelength. The oxidation treatment greatly increased the normal spectral emittance of both the electropolished and sandblasted type 321 stainless steel specimens and of the electropolished Inconel specimens and introduced some spectral selectivity into the curves. The oxidation increased the normal spectral emittance of the sandblasted Inconel specimens only moderately. Of the specimens to which a coating about 0.002 inch thick was applied, those coated with A-418 had higher emittance at all wavelengths than did those coated with N-143, and the coated specimens of Inconel had higher spectral emittance at all wavelengths than did the corresponding specimens of type 321 stainless steel. Both coatings were found to be partially transparent to the emitted energy at this thickness but essentially opaque at a thickness of 0.005 inch. Coated specimens with 0.005 inch or more of coating did not show the effect

  3. Oxidation of Inconel 625 superalloy upon treatment with oxygen or hydrogen plasma at high temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vesel, Alenka; Drenik, Aleksander; Elersic, Kristina; Mozetic, Miran; Kovac, Janez; Gyergyek, Tomaz; Stockel, Jan; Varju, Jozef; Panek, Radomir; Balat-Pichelin, Marianne

    2014-06-01

    Initial stages of Inconel 625 superalloy (Ni60Cr30Mo10Ni4Nb1) oxidation upon short treatment with gaseous plasma at different temperatures up to about 1600 K were studied. Samples were treated for different periods up to a minute by oxygen or hydrogen plasma created with a microwave discharge in the standing-wave mode at a pressure of 40 Pa and a power 500 W. Simultaneous heating of the samples was realized by focusing concentrated solar radiation from a 5 kW solar furnace directly onto the samples. The morphological changes upon treatment were monitored using scanning electron microscopy, compositional depth profiling was performed using Auger electron spectroscopy, while structural changes were determined by X-ray diffraction. The treatment in oxygen plasma caused formation of metal oxide clusters of three dimensional crystallites initially rich in nickel oxide with the increasing chromium oxide content as the temperature was increasing. At about 1100 K iron and niobium oxides prevailed on the surface causing a drop of the material emissivity at 5 μm. Simultaneously the NiCr2O4 compound started growing at the interface between the oxide film and bulk alloy and the compound persisted up to temperatures close to the Inconel melting point. Intensive migration of minority alloying elements such as Fe and Ti was observed at 1600 K forming mixed surface oxides of sub-micrometer dimensions. The treatment in hydrogen plasma with small admixture of water vapor did not cause much modification unless the temperature was close to the melting point. At such conditions aluminum segregated on the surface and formed well-defined Al2O3 crystals.

  4. 23 CFR 750.304 - State policies and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false State policies and procedures. 750.304 Section 750.304... removal program under State law and complying with 23 U.S.C. 131 and its proposed time schedule for sign... severance damages pursuant to 23 CFR 710.304(h), and the law of the State before Federal participation will...

  5. 20 CFR 670.750 - Who may provide continued services for graduates?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who may provide continued services for graduates? 670.750 Section 670.750 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF....750 Who may provide continued services for graduates? Placement agencies, centers or other agencies...

  6. 20 CFR 670.750 - Who may provide continued services for graduates?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Who may provide continued services for graduates? 670.750 Section 670.750 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF....750 Who may provide continued services for graduates? Placement agencies, centers or other agencies...

  7. Selective laser melting of Inconel super alloy-a review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karia, M. C.; Popat, M. A.; Sangani, K. B.

    2017-07-01

    Additive manufacturing is a relatively young technology that uses the principle of layer by layer addition of material in solid, liquid or powder form to develop a component or product. The quality of additive manufactured part is one of the challenges to be addressed. Researchers are continuously working at various levels of additive manufacturing technologies. One of the significant powder bed processes for met als is Selective Laser Melting (SLM). Laser based processes are finding more attention of researchers and industrial world. The potential of this technique is yet to be fully explored. Due to very high strength and creep resistance Inconel is extensively used nickel based super alloy for manufacturing components for aerospace, automobile and nuclear industries. Due to law content of Aluminum and Titanium, it exhibits good fabricability too. Therefore the alloy is ideally suitable for selective laser melting to manufacture intricate components with high strength requirements. The selection of suitable process for manufacturing for a specific component depends on geometrical complexity, production quantity, and cost and required strength. There are numerous researchers working on various aspects like metallurgical and micro structural investigations and mechanical properties, geometrical accuracy, effects of process parameters and its optimization and mathematical modeling etc. The present paper represents a comprehensive overview of selective laser melting process for Inconel group of alloys.

  8. 48 CFR 750.7109 - Submission of requests by contractors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Submission of requests by contractors. 750.7109 Section 750.7109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect...

  9. 20 CFR 670.750 - Who may provide continued services for graduates?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Who may provide continued services for graduates? 670.750 Section 670.750 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Services § 670.750 Who may provide continued services for graduates? Placement agencies, centers or other...

  10. 20 CFR 670.750 - Who may provide continued services for graduates?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Who may provide continued services for graduates? 670.750 Section 670.750 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Services § 670.750 Who may provide continued services for graduates? Placement agencies, centers or other...

  11. 20 CFR 670.750 - Who may provide continued services for graduates?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Who may provide continued services for graduates? 670.750 Section 670.750 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Services § 670.750 Who may provide continued services for graduates? Placement agencies, centers or other...

  12. Structure and Properties of the Aluminide Coatings on the Inconel 625 Superalloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adamiak, Stanisław; Bochnowski, Wojciech; Dziedzic, Andrzej; Filip, Ryszard; Szeregij, Eugeniusz

    2016-01-01

    The research samples used in this study were based on the Inconel 625 alloy; the examined samples were coated with aluminide films deposited in a low-activity chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process. The samples' microstructure was investigated with optical and electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis. Hardness measurements were performed using Vickers and Berkovich test methods. The adhesion of the aluminide coating was determined by fractography. It was shown that the fracture mechanism was different for the respective zones of the aluminide coating and the substrate material. The outer zone of the aluminide coating is characterized by an intercrystalline fracture, with a small contribution of transcrystalline fracture within individual grains (large crystallites in the bottom of the zone, composed of smaller crystallites, also show an intercrystalline fracture). The substrate material exhibited a ductile intercrystalline fracture. Based on this investigation, an increase of the microhardness of the material occurring at loads below 0.2 N was observed. When determining microhardness of aluminide coating it is necessary to take into account the optimal choice of the indentation tip.

  13. 42 CFR 403.750 - Estimate of expenditures and adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Estimate of expenditures and adjustments. 403.750 Section 403.750 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS Religious Nonmedical Health Care Institutions...

  14. 42 CFR 403.750 - Estimate of expenditures and adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Estimate of expenditures and adjustments. 403.750 Section 403.750 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS Religious Nonmedical Health Care Institutions...

  15. 42 CFR 403.750 - Estimate of expenditures and adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Estimate of expenditures and adjustments. 403.750 Section 403.750 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS Religious Nonmedical Health Care Institutions...

  16. 42 CFR 403.750 - Estimate of expenditures and adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Estimate of expenditures and adjustments. 403.750 Section 403.750 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS Religious Nonmedical Health Care Institutions...

  17. 42 CFR 403.750 - Estimate of expenditures and adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Estimate of expenditures and adjustments. 403.750 Section 403.750 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS Religious Nonmedical Health Care Institutions...

  18. Experimental and modeling results of creep-fatigue life of Inconel 617 and Haynes 230 at 850 °C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xiang; Sokolov, Mikhail A.; Sham, Sam; Erdman, Donald L., III; Busby, Jeremy T.; Mo, Kun; Stubbins, James F.

    2013-01-01

    Creep-fatigue testing of Ni-based superalloy Inconel 617 and Haynes 230 were conducted in the air at 850 °C. Tests were performed with fully reversed axial strain control at a total strain range of 0.5%, 1.0% or 1.5% and hold time at maximum tensile strain for 3, 10 or 30 min. In addition, two creep-fatigue life prediction methods, i.e. linear damage summation and frequency-modified tensile hysteresis energy modeling, were evaluated and compared with experimental results. Under all creep-fatigue tests, Haynes 230 performed better than Inconel 617. Compared to the low cycle fatigue life, the cycles to failure for both materials decreased under creep-fatigue test conditions. Longer hold time at maximum tensile strain would cause a further reduction in both material creep-fatigue life. The linear damage summation could predict the creep-fatigue life of Inconel 617 for limited test conditions, but considerably underestimated the creep-fatigue life of Haynes 230. In contrast, frequency-modified tensile hysteresis energy modeling showed promising creep-fatigue life prediction results for both materials.

  19. 30 CFR 750.1 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.1 Scope. This subchapter provides for the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Indian lands and constitutes the Federal program for Indian lands. ...

  20. 30 CFR 750.1 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.1 Scope. This subchapter provides for the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Indian lands and constitutes the Federal program for Indian lands. ...

  1. 30 CFR 750.1 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.1 Scope. This subchapter provides for the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Indian lands and constitutes the Federal program for Indian lands. ...

  2. 30 CFR 750.1 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.1 Scope. This subchapter provides for the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Indian lands and constitutes the Federal program for Indian lands. ...

  3. 30 CFR 750.1 - Scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.1 Scope. This subchapter provides for the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Indian lands and constitutes the Federal program for Indian lands. ...

  4. Experimental Investigation of Principal Residual Stress and Fatigue Performance for Turned Nickel-Based Superalloy Inconel 718.

    PubMed

    Hua, Yang; Liu, Zhanqiang

    2018-05-24

    Residual stresses of turned Inconel 718 surface along its axial and circumferential directions affect the fatigue performance of machined components. However, it has not been clear that the axial and circumferential directions are the principle residual stress direction. The direction of the maximum principal residual stress is crucial for the machined component service life. The present work aims to focuses on determining the direction and magnitude of principal residual stress and investigating its influence on fatigue performance of turned Inconel 718. The turning experimental results show that the principal residual stress magnitude is much higher than surface residual stress. In addition, both the principal residual stress and surface residual stress increase significantly as the feed rate increases. The fatigue test results show that the direction of the maximum principal residual stress increased by 7.4%, while the fatigue life decreased by 39.4%. The maximum principal residual stress magnitude diminished by 17.9%, whereas the fatigue life increased by 83.6%. The maximum principal residual stress has a preponderant influence on fatigue performance as compared to the surface residual stress. The maximum principal residual stress can be considered as a prime indicator for evaluation of the residual stress influence on fatigue performance of turned Inconel 718.

  5. 20 CFR 404.750 - Evidence of a parent's support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Evidence of a parent's support. 404.750 Section 404.750 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND... parent's support. If you apply for parent's benefits, we will ask you for evidence to show that you...

  6. 32 CFR 750.7 - Claims: Action by receiving command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Claims: Action by receiving command. 750.7... CLAIMS REGULATIONS General Provisions for Claims § 750.7 Claims: Action by receiving command. (a) Record date of receipt. The first command receiving a claim shall stamp or mark the date of receipt on the...

  7. 32 CFR 750.7 - Claims: Action by receiving command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Claims: Action by receiving command. 750.7... CLAIMS REGULATIONS General Provisions for Claims § 750.7 Claims: Action by receiving command. (a) Record date of receipt. The first command receiving a claim shall stamp or mark the date of receipt on the...

  8. 32 CFR 750.7 - Claims: Action by receiving command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Claims: Action by receiving command. 750.7... CLAIMS REGULATIONS General Provisions for Claims § 750.7 Claims: Action by receiving command. (a) Record date of receipt. The first command receiving a claim shall stamp or mark the date of receipt on the...

  9. 32 CFR 750.7 - Claims: Action by receiving command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Claims: Action by receiving command. 750.7... CLAIMS REGULATIONS General Provisions for Claims § 750.7 Claims: Action by receiving command. (a) Record date of receipt. The first command receiving a claim shall stamp or mark the date of receipt on the...

  10. 32 CFR 750.7 - Claims: Action by receiving command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Claims: Action by receiving command. 750.7... CLAIMS REGULATIONS General Provisions for Claims § 750.7 Claims: Action by receiving command. (a) Record date of receipt. The first command receiving a claim shall stamp or mark the date of receipt on the...

  11. 20 CFR 404.750 - Evidence of a parent's support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence for Child's and Parent's Benefits § 404.750 Evidence of a parent's support. If you apply for parent's benefits, we will ask you for evidence to show that you... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Evidence of a parent's support. 404.750...

  12. 20 CFR 404.750 - Evidence of a parent's support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence for Child's and Parent's Benefits § 404.750 Evidence of a parent's support. If you apply for parent's benefits, we will ask you for evidence to show that you... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Evidence of a parent's support. 404.750...

  13. 20 CFR 404.750 - Evidence of a parent's support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence for Child's and Parent's Benefits § 404.750 Evidence of a parent's support. If you apply for parent's benefits, we will ask you for evidence to show that you... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Evidence of a parent's support. 404.750...

  14. 20 CFR 404.750 - Evidence of a parent's support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence for Child's and Parent's Benefits § 404.750 Evidence of a parent's support. If you apply for parent's benefits, we will ask you for evidence to show that you... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Evidence of a parent's support. 404.750...

  15. Nondestructive inspection assessment of eddy current and electrochemical analysis to separate inconel and stainless steel alloys

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, D.G.; Sorensen, N.R.

    1998-02-01

    This report presents a nondestructive inspection assessment of eddy current and electrochemical analysis to separate inconel alloys from stainless steel alloys as well as an evaluation of cleaning techniques to remove a thermal oxide layer on aircraft exhaust components. The results of this assessment are presented in terms of how effective each technique classifies a known exhaust material. Results indicate that either inspection technique can separate inconel and stainless steel alloys. Based on the experiments conducted, the electrochemical spot test is the optimum for use by airframe and powerplant mechanics. A spot test procedure is proposed for incorporation into themore » Federal Aviation Administration Advisory Circular 65-9A Airframe & Powerplant Mechanic - General Handbook. 3 refs., 70 figs., 7 tabs.« less

  16. 12 CFR 750.7 - Applicability in the event of liquidation or conservatorship.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Applicability in the event of liquidation or conservatorship. 750.7 Section 750.7 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS GOLDEN PARACHUTE AND INDEMNIFICATION PAYMENTS § 750.7 Applicability in the event of...

  17. 20 CFR 641.750 - Will there be performance-related incentives?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Will there be performance-related incentives? 641.750 Section 641.750 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... incentive awards. The Department will exercise this authority at its discretion. ...

  18. 21 CFR 556.750 - Virginiamycin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TOLERANCES FOR RESIDUES OF NEW ANIMAL DRUGS IN FOOD Specific Tolerances for Residues of New Animal Drugs § 556.750 Virginiamycin. (a) Acceptable daily intake (ADI). The ADI for total...

  19. 21 CFR 556.750 - Virginiamycin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TOLERANCES FOR RESIDUES OF NEW ANIMAL DRUGS IN FOOD Specific Tolerances for Residues of New Animal Drugs § 556.750 Virginiamycin. (a) Acceptable daily intake (ADI). The ADI for total...

  20. 21 CFR 556.750 - Virginiamycin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TOLERANCES FOR RESIDUES OF NEW ANIMAL DRUGS IN FOOD Specific Tolerances for Residues of New Animal Drugs § 556.750 Virginiamycin. (a) Acceptable daily intake (ADI). The ADI for total...

  1. 27 CFR 7.50 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... THE TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF MALT BEVERAGES Advertising of Malt Beverages § 7.50... outdoor advertisement, or in any other printed or graphic matter, any advertisement of malt beverages, if such advertising is in, or is calculated to induce sales in, interstate or foreign commerce, or is...

  2. 48 CFR 750.7109-2 - Form of requests by contractors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Form of requests by contractors. 750.7109-2 Section 750.7109-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect...

  3. 750 Reasons To Celebrate Chemistry!

    PubMed

    Compton, Neville

    2017-06-12

    Time to reflect: This issue marks the 750th issue of Chemistry-A European Journal. The journal has played a significant role in changing chemistry. Its history has featured top papers from top authors for more than 20 years. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. Liquid Oxygen Rotating Friction Ignition Testing of Aluminum and Titanium with Monel and Inconel for Rocket Engine Propulsion System Contamination Investigation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peralta, S.; Rosales, Keisa R.; Stoltzfus, Joel M.

    2009-01-01

    Metallic contaminant was found in the liquid oxygen (LOX) pre-valve screen of the shuttle main engine propulsion system on two orbiter vehicles. To investigate the potential for an ignition, NASA Johnson Space Center White Sands Test Facility performed (modified) rotating friction ignition testing in LOX. This testing simulated a contaminant particle in the low-pressure oxygen turbo pump (LPOTP) and the high-pressure oxygen turbo pump (HPOTP) of the shuttle main propulsion system. Monel(R) K-500 and Inconel(R) 718 samples represented the LPOTP and HPOTP materials. Aluminum foil tape and titanium foil represented the contaminant particles. In both the Monel(R) and Inconel(R) material configurations, the aluminum foil tape samples did not ignite after 30 s of rubbing. In contrast, all of the titanium foil samples ignited regardless of the rubbing duration or material configuration. However, the titanium foil ignitions did not propagate to the Monel and Inconel materials.

  5. Study of Radiographic Linear Indications and Subsequent Microstructural Features in Gas Tungsten Arc Welds of Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walley, J. L.; Nunes, A. C.; Clounch, J. L.; Russell, C. K.

    2007-01-01

    This study presents examples and considerations for differentiating linear radiographic indications produced by gas tungsten arc welds in a 0.05-in-thick sheet of Inconel 718. A series of welds with different structural features, including the enigma indications and other defect indications such as lack of fusion and penetration, were produced, radiographed, and examined metallographically. The enigma indications were produced by a large columnar grain running along the center of the weld nugget occurring when the weld speed was reduced sufficiently below nominal. Examples of respective indications, including the effect of changing the x-ray source location, are presented as an aid to differentiation. Enigma, nominal, and hot-weld specimens were tensile tested to demonstrate the harmlessness of the enigma indication. Statistical analysis showed that there is no difference between the strengths of these three weld conditions.

  6. 48 CFR 750.7110-2 - Office of General Counsel coordination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Office of General Counsel coordination. 750.7110-2 Section 750.7110-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy Interests of th...

  7. Single-Track Melt-Pool Measurements and Microstructures in Inconel 625

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, Supriyo; Ma, Li; Levine, Lyle E.; Ricker, Richard E.; Stoudt, Mark R.; Heigel, Jarred C.; Guyer, Jonathan E.

    2018-06-01

    We use single-track laser melting experiments and simulations on Inconel 625 to estimate the dimensions and microstructure of the resulting melt pool. Our work is based on a design-of-experiments approach which uses multiple laser power and scan speed combinations. Single-track experiments generated melt pools of certain dimensions that showed reasonable agreement with our finite-element calculations. Phase-field simulations were used to predict the size and segregation of the cellular microstructure that formed along the melt-pool boundaries for the solidification conditions that changed as a function of melt-pool dimensions.

  8. Single-Track Melt-Pool Measurements and Microstructures in Inconel 625

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, Supriyo; Ma, Li; Levine, Lyle E.; Ricker, Richard E.; Stoudt, Mark R.; Heigel, Jarred C.; Guyer, Jonathan E.

    2018-02-01

    We use single-track laser melting experiments and simulations on Inconel 625 to estimate the dimensions and microstructure of the resulting melt pool. Our work is based on a design-of-experiments approach which uses multiple laser power and scan speed combinations. Single-track experiments generated melt pools of certain dimensions that showed reasonable agreement with our finite-element calculations. Phase-field simulations were used to predict the size and segregation of the cellular microstructure that formed along the melt-pool boundaries for the solidification conditions that changed as a function of melt-pool dimensions.

  9. Residual stress determination of direct metal laser sintered (DMLS) inconel specimens and parts

    SciTech Connect

    Watkins, Thomas R.; Unocic, Kinga A.; Maziasz, Philip J.

    Residual stress determinations and microstructural studies were performed on a series of Inconel 718Plus prisms built using Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) at Honeywell Aerospace (hereafter also referred to as Honeywell). The results are being used to validate and improve existing models at Honeywell, and ultimately will expedite the implementation of DMLS throughout various industrial sectors (automotive, biomedical, etc.).

  10. 48 CFR 750.7110-1 - Investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Section 750.7110-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... contracting officer makes a thorough investigation of all facts and issues relevant to each situation. Facts and evidence shall be obtained from contractor and Government personnel and shall include signed...

  11. 48 CFR 750.7110-1 - Investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Section 750.7110-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... contracting officer makes a thorough investigation of all facts and issues relevant to each situation. Facts and evidence shall be obtained from contractor and Government personnel and shall include signed...

  12. 48 CFR 750.7110-1 - Investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Section 750.7110-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... contracting officer makes a thorough investigation of all facts and issues relevant to each situation. Facts and evidence shall be obtained from contractor and Government personnel and shall include signed...

  13. 48 CFR 750.7110-1 - Investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Section 750.7110-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... contracting officer makes a thorough investigation of all facts and issues relevant to each situation. Facts and evidence shall be obtained from contractor and Government personnel and shall include signed...

  14. 750 GeV diphotons: implications for supersymmetric unification

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, Lawrence J.; Harigaya, Keisuke; Nomura, Yasunori

    2016-03-03

    A recent signal of 750 GeV diphotons at the LHC can be explained within the framework of supersymmetric unification by the introduction of vector quarks and leptons with Yukawa couplings to a singlet S that describes the 750 GeV resonance. We study the most general set of theories that allow successful gauge coupling unification, and find that these Yukawa couplings are severely constrained by renormalization group behavior: they are independent of ultraviolet physics and flow to values at the TeV scale that we calculate precisely. As a consequence the vector quarks and leptons must be light; typically in the regionmore » of 375 GeV to 700 GeV, and in certain cases up to 1 TeV. The 750 GeV resonance may have a width less than the experimental resolution; alternatively, with the mass splitting between scalar and pseudoscalar components of S arising from one-loop diagrams involving vector fermions, we compute an apparent width of 10s of GeV.« less

  15. 7 CFR 3560.750 - OMB control number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Unauthorized Assistance § 3560.750 OMB control number..., including time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the...

  16. 7 CFR 3560.750 - OMB control number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Unauthorized Assistance § 3560.750 OMB control number..., including time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the...

  17. 7 CFR 3560.750 - OMB control number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Unauthorized Assistance § 3560.750 OMB control number..., including time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the...

  18. 7 CFR 3560.750 - OMB control number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Unauthorized Assistance § 3560.750 OMB control number..., including time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the...

  19. 7 CFR 3560.750 - OMB control number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Unauthorized Assistance § 3560.750 OMB control number..., including time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the...

  20. Effects of heat input on the pitting resistance of Inconel 625 welds by overlay welding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jun Seok; Park, Young IL; Lee, Hae Woo

    2015-03-01

    The objective of this study was to establish the relationship between the dilution ratio of the weld zone and pitting resistance depending on the heat input to welding of the Inconel alloy. Each specimen was produced by electroslag welding using Inconel 625 as the filler metal. In the weld zone of each specimen, dendrite grains were observed near the fusion line and equiaxed grains were observed on the surface. It was also observed that a melted zone with a high Fe content was formed around the fusion line, which became wider as the welding heat input increased. In order to evaluate the pitting resistance, potentiodynamic polarization tests and CPT tests were conducted. The results of these tests confirmed that there is no difference between the pitting resistances of each specimen, as the structures of the surfaces were identical despite the effect of the differences in the welding heat input for each specimen and the minor dilution effect on the surface.

  1. 23 CFR 750.709 - On-property or on-premise advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false On-property or on-premise advertising. 750.709 Section... exempt from control under 23 U.S.C. 131 if they solely advertise the sale or lease of property on which... signs are subject to regulation (subpart A, part 750, chapter I, 23 CFR) in those States which have...

  2. 48 CFR 750.7110-3 - Submission of cases to the M/OP Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... M/OP Director. 750.7110-3 Section 750.7110-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Actions To Protect Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7110-3 Submission of cases to the M/OP Director. Cases to be submitted for consideration by the M/OAA Director shall be prepared and...

  3. Mechanical behavior of post-processed Inconel 718 manufactured through the electron beam melting process

    SciTech Connect

    Kirka, Michael M.; Medina, Frank; Dehoff, Ryan R.

    Here, the electron beam melting (EBM) process was used to fabricate Inconel 718. The microstructure and tensile properties were characterized in both the as-fabricated and post-processed state transverse (T-orientation) and longitudinal (L-orientation) to the build direction. Post-processing involved both a hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and solution treatment and aging (STA) to homogenize the microstructure. In the as-fabricated state, EBM Inconel 718 exhibits a spatially dependent microstructure that is a function of build height. Spanning the last few layers is a cored dendritic structure comprised of the products (carbides and Laves phase) predicted under equilibrium solidification conditions. With increasing distance frommore » the build's top surface, the cored dendritic structure becomes increasingly homogeneous with complete dissolution of the secondary dendrite arms. Further, temporal phase kinetics are observed to lead to the dissolution of the strengthening γ"γ" and precipitation of networks of fine δ needles that span the grains. Microstructurally, post-processing resulted in dissolution of the δ networks and homogeneous precipitation of γ'"γ'" throughout the height of the build. In the as-fabricated state, the monotonic tensile behavior exhibits a height sensitivity within the T-orientation at both 20 and 650 °C. Along the L-orientation, the tensile behavior exhibits strength values comparable to the reference wrought material in the fully heat-treated state. After post-processing, the yield strength, ultimate strength, and elongation at failure for the EBM Inconel 718 were observed to have beneficially increased compared to the as-fabricated material. Further, as a result of post-processing the spatial variance of the ultimate yield strength and elongation at failure within the transverse direction decreased by 4 and 3× respectively.« less

  4. Mechanical behavior of post-processed Inconel 718 manufactured through the electron beam melting process

    DOE PAGES

    Kirka, Michael M.; Medina, Frank; Dehoff, Ryan R.; ...

    2016-10-21

    Here, the electron beam melting (EBM) process was used to fabricate Inconel 718. The microstructure and tensile properties were characterized in both the as-fabricated and post-processed state transverse (T-orientation) and longitudinal (L-orientation) to the build direction. Post-processing involved both a hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and solution treatment and aging (STA) to homogenize the microstructure. In the as-fabricated state, EBM Inconel 718 exhibits a spatially dependent microstructure that is a function of build height. Spanning the last few layers is a cored dendritic structure comprised of the products (carbides and Laves phase) predicted under equilibrium solidification conditions. With increasing distance frommore » the build's top surface, the cored dendritic structure becomes increasingly homogeneous with complete dissolution of the secondary dendrite arms. Further, temporal phase kinetics are observed to lead to the dissolution of the strengthening γ"γ" and precipitation of networks of fine δ needles that span the grains. Microstructurally, post-processing resulted in dissolution of the δ networks and homogeneous precipitation of γ'"γ'" throughout the height of the build. In the as-fabricated state, the monotonic tensile behavior exhibits a height sensitivity within the T-orientation at both 20 and 650 °C. Along the L-orientation, the tensile behavior exhibits strength values comparable to the reference wrought material in the fully heat-treated state. After post-processing, the yield strength, ultimate strength, and elongation at failure for the EBM Inconel 718 were observed to have beneficially increased compared to the as-fabricated material. Further, as a result of post-processing the spatial variance of the ultimate yield strength and elongation at failure within the transverse direction decreased by 4 and 3× respectively.« less

  5. Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Inconel 718 Alloy at Ultralow Temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, C. G.; Lv, H. J.; Yi, D. Q.; Meng, S.; Xiao, L. R.; Wang, B.

    2018-04-01

    The microstructures and mechanical properties of powder metallurgy Inconel 718 alloy were investigated in the temperatures range between 25 and - 253 °C. Tensile strength increased with the decrease in temperature, while the ductility first increased and then decreased. There was no significant change in impact toughness. When the temperature was - 253 °C, a zigzag stress-strain curve was observed for the alloy, owing to the interaction of dislocation glide and twinning, which effectively maintained the relatively good ductility.

  6. Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Inconel 718 Alloy at Ultralow Temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, C. G.; Lv, H. J.; Yi, D. Q.; Meng, S.; Xiao, L. R.; Wang, B.

    2018-05-01

    The microstructures and mechanical properties of powder metallurgy Inconel 718 alloy were investigated in the temperatures range between 25 and - 253 °C. Tensile strength increased with the decrease in temperature, while the ductility first increased and then decreased. There was no significant change in impact toughness. When the temperature was - 253 °C, a zigzag stress-strain curve was observed for the alloy, owing to the interaction of dislocation glide and twinning, which effectively maintained the relatively good ductility.

  7. A Study on Fretting Behavior in Room Temperature for Inconel Alloy 690

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwon, Jae Do; Chai, Young Suck; Bae, Yong Tak; Choi, Sung Jong

    The initial crack under fretting condition occurs at lower stress amplitude and lower cycles of cyclic loading than that under plain fatigue condition. The fretting damage, for example, can be observed in fossil and nuclear power plant, aircraft, automobile and petroleum chemical plants etc. INCONEL alloy 690 is a high-chromium nickel alloy having excellent resistance to many corrosive aqueous media and high-temperature atmospheres. This alloy is used extensively in the industries of nuclear power, chemicals, heat-treatment and electronics. In this paper, the effect of fretting damage on fatigue behavior for INCONEL alloy 690 was studied. Also, various kinds of tests on mechanical properties such as hardness, tension and plain fatigue tests are performed. Fretting fatigue tests were carried out with flat-flat contact configuration using a bridge type contact pad and plate type specimen. Through these experiments, it is found that the fretting fatigue strength decreased about 43% compared to the plain fatigue strength. In fretting fatigue, the wear debris is observed on the contact surface, and the oblique micro-cracks are initiated at an earlier stage. These results can be used as the basic data in a structural integrity evaluation of heat and corrosion resistant alloy considering fretting damages.

  8. Time-Dependent Fatigue Crack Propagation Behavior of Two Solid-Solution-Strengthened Ni-Based Superalloys—INCONEL 617 and HAYNES 230

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Longzhou; Roy, Shawoon K.; Hasan, Muhammad H.; Pal, Joydeep; Chatterjee, Sudin

    2012-02-01

    The fatigue crack propagation (FCP) as well as the sustained loading crack growth (SLCG) behavior of two solid-solution-strengthened Ni-based superalloys, INCONEL 617 (Special Metals Corporation Family of Companies) and HAYNES 230 (Haynes International, Inc., Kokomo, IN), were studied at increased temperatures in laboratory air under a constant stress-intensity-factor ( K) condition. The crack propagation tests were conducted using a baseline cyclic triangular waveform with a frequency of 1/3 Hz. Various hold times were imposed at the maximum load of a fatigue cycle to study the hold time effect. The results show that a linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) parameter, stress intensity factor ( K), is sufficient to describe the FCP and SLCG behavior at the testing temperatures ranging from 873 K to 1073 K (600 °C to 800 °C). As observed in the precipitation-strengthened superalloys, both INCONEL 617 and HAYNES 230 exhibited the time-dependent FCP, steady SLCG behavior, and existence of a damage zone ahead of crack tip. A thermodynamic equation was adapted to correlate the SLCG rates to determine thermal activation energy. The fracture modes associated with crack propagation behavior were discussed, and the mechanism of time-dependent FCP as well as SLCG was identified. Compared with INCONEL 617, the lower crack propagation rates of HAYNES 230 under the time-dependent condition were ascribed to the different fracture mode and the presence of numerous W-rich M6C-type and Cr-rich M23C6-type carbides. Toward the end, a phenomenological model was employed to correlate the FCP rates at cycle/time-dependent FCP domain. All the results suggest that an environmental factor, the stress assisted grain boundary oxygen embrittlement (SAGBOE) mechanism, is mainly responsible for the accelerated time-dependent FCP rates of INCONEL 617 and HAYNES 230.

  9. Demonstration of SiC Pressure Sensors at 750 C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Okojie, Robert S.; Lukco, Dorothy; Nguyen, Vu; Savrun, Ender

    2014-01-01

    We report the first demonstration of MEMS-based 4H-SiC piezoresistive pressure sensors tested at 750 C and in the process confirmed the existence of strain sensitivity recovery with increasing temperature above 400 C, eventually achieving near or up to 100% of the room temperature values at 750 C. This strain sensitivity recovery phenomenon in 4H-SiC is uncharacteristic of the well-known monotonic decrease in strain sensitivity with increasing temperature in silicon piezoresistors. For the three sensors tested, the room temperature full-scale output (FSO) at 200 psig ranged between 29 and 36 mV. Although the FSO at 400 C dropped by about 60%, full recovery was achieved at 750 C. This result will allow the operation of SiC pressure sensors at higher temperatures, thereby permitting deeper insertion into the engine combustion chamber to improve the accurate quantification of combustor dynamics.

  10. 23 CFR 750.305 - Federal participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners) § 750.305 Federal participation. (a) Federal funds may participate in: (1) Payments made to a sign owner for his right, title and...

  11. Sustained Load Crack Growth in Inconel 718 Under Non-Isothermal Conditions.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    AD- R136 925 SUSTINED LOAD CRCK GROWTH IN INCONEL 7±8 UNDER / NON-ISOTHERM L ONDITIONS(U) IR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF...thermocouples. This unit provides pre-programmed independent control of the four heat- Iing lamps. It also turns the cooling system on and off at the appropri...relationship between them. The microcomputer controls temperature as a function of time. The system is capable of heating and cooling a specimen at a rate of 8C

  12. 23 CFR 750.706 - Sign control in zoned and unzoned commercial and industrial areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sign control in zoned and unzoned commercial and industrial areas. 750.706 Section 750.706 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.706 Sign...

  13. 33 CFR 80.750 - Sanibel Island, FL to St. Petersburg, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanibel Island, FL to St. Petersburg, FL. 80.750 Section 80.750 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... St. Petersburg, FL. (a) A line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge over Blind Pass...

  14. Recyclability study on Inconel 718 and Ti-6Al-4V powders for use in electron beam melting

    DOE PAGES

    Nandwana, Peeyush; Peter, William H.; Lowe, Larry E.; ...

    2015-10-20

    In this study, powder bed based additive manufacturing technologies offer a big advantage in terms of reusability of the powders over multiple cycles that result in cost savings. However, currently there are no standards to determine the factors that govern the powder reuse times. This work presents the results from a recyclability study conducted on Inconel 718 and Ti-6Al-4V powders. It has been found that the Inconel 718 powders are chemically stable over a large number of cycles and their reuse time is limited by physical characteristics of powders such as flowability. Ti-6Al-4V, on the other hand, finds its reusemore » time governed by the oxygen pick up that occurs during and in between build cycles. The detailed results have been presented.« less

  15. Laser post-processing of Inconel 625 made by selective laser melting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Witkin, David; Helvajian, Henry; Steffeney, Lee; Hansen, William

    2016-04-01

    The effect of laser remelting of surfaces of as-built Selective Laser Melted (SLM) Inconel 625 was evaluated for its potential to improve the surface roughness of SLM parts. Many alloys made by SLM have properties similar to their wrought counterparts, but surface roughness of SLM-made parts is much higher than found in standard machine shop operations. This has implications for mechanical properties of SLM materials, such as a large debit in fatigue properties, and in applications of SLM, where surface roughness can alter fluid flow characteristics. Because complexity and netshape fabrication are fundamental advantages of Additive Manufacturing (AM), post-processing by mechanical means to reduce surface roughness detracts from the potential utility of AM. Use of a laser to improve surface roughness by targeted remelting or annealing offers the possibility of in-situ surface polishing of AM surfaces- the same laser used to melt the powder could be amplitude modulated to smooth the part during the build. The effects of remelting the surfaces of SLM Inconel 625 were demonstrated using a CW fiber laser (IPG: 1064 nm, 2-50 W) that is amplitude modulated with a pulse profile to induce remelting without spallation or ablation. The process achieved uniform depth of melting and improved surface roughness. The results show that with an appropriate pulse profile that meters the heat-load, surface features such as partially sintered powder particles and surface connected porosity can be mitigated via a secondary remelting/annealing event.

  16. The effects of ultrasonic nanocrystal surface modification temperature on the mechanical properties and fretting wear resistance of Inconel 690 alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amanov, A.; Umarov, R.

    2018-05-01

    In this study, a combination of local heat treatment (LHT) with (w/) and without (w/o) ultrasonic nanocrystal surface modification (UNSM) technique was applied to Inconel 690 alloy at room and high temperatures (RT and HT). The main purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of LHT w/ and w/o UNSM processing on the mechanical and fretting wear mitigation of Inconel 690 alloy. The surface roughness of the specimens was increased with increasing the LHT temperature w/ and w/o UNSM from RT to HT at 700 °C, while the surface hardness of the RT and HT at 300 °C specimens was increased and softening occurred at HT at 700 °C. The mechanical properties of the specimens were investigated using a tensile stress test. It was found that the stress-strain curve of the UNSM-treated at RT exhibited better mechanical characteristics in comparison with the as-received one. Moreover, the specimens treated at HT at 300 and 700 °C exhibited better results in terms of strain, but there was no significant difference in stress. The UNSM treated specimens at HT of 300 °C had better results in comparison with other specimens. In addition, the fretting wear resistance of those specimens was assessed using a ball-on-disk fretting wear tester at temperatures of 25 and 80 °C. The fretting wear resistance of Inconel 690 alloy was also increased by the combination of LHT + UNSM processing, which may be attributed to the increase in mechanical properties, increase in surface roughness, induced compressive residual stress and the presence of a nanostructured surface layer. Hence, Inconel 690 alloy with the increased mechanical properties and fretting wear resistance by the combination of LHT + UNSM processing could be beneficial for nuclear applications.

  17. Formation of the Ni3Nb δ-Phase in Stress-Relieved Inconel 625 Produced via Laser Powder-Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lass, Eric A.; Stoudt, Mark R.; Williams, Maureen E.; Katz, Michael B.; Levine, Lyle E.; Phan, Thien Q.; Gnaeupel-Herold, Thomas H.; Ng, Daniel S.

    2017-11-01

    The microstructural evolution of laser powder-bed additively manufactured Inconel 625 during a post-build stress-relief anneal of 1 hour at 1143 K (870 °C) is investigated. It is found that this industry-recommended heat treatment promotes the formation of a significant fraction of the orthorhombic D0a Ni3Nb δ-phase. This phase is known to have a deleterious influence on fracture toughness, ductility, and other mechanical properties in conventional, wrought Inconel 625; and is generally considered detrimental to materials' performance in service. The δ-phase platelets are found to precipitate within the inter-dendritic regions of the as-built solidification microstructure. These regions are enriched in solute elements, particularly Nb and Mo, due to the micro-segregation that occurs during solidification. The precipitation of δ-phase at 1073 K (800 °C) is found to require up to 4 hours. This indicates a potential alternative stress-relief processing window that mitigates δ-phase formation in this alloy. Ultimately, a homogenization heat treatment is recommended for additively manufactured Inconel 625 because the increased susceptibility to δ-phase precipitation increases the possibility for significant degradation of materials' properties in service.

  18. Double-blind evaluation of the safety and pharmacokinetics of multiple oral once-daily 750-milligram and 1-gram doses of levofloxacin in healthy volunteers.

    PubMed

    Chien, S C; Wong, F A; Fowler, C L; Callery-D'Amico, S V; Williams, R R; Nayak, R; Chow, A T

    1998-04-01

    The safety and pharmacokinetics of once-daily oral levofloxacin in 16 healthy male volunteers were investigated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Subjects were randomly assigned to the treatment (n = 10) or placebo group (n = 6). In study period 1, 750 mg of levofloxacin or a placebo was administered orally as a single dose on day 1, followed by a washout period on days 2 and 3; dosing resumed for days 4 to 10. Following a 3-day washout period, 1 g of levofloxacin or a placebo was administered in a similar fashion in period 2. Plasma and urine levofloxacin concentrations were measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography. Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated by model-independent methods. Levofloxacin was rapidly absorbed after single and multiple once-daily 750-mg and 1-g doses with an apparently large volume of distribution. Peak plasma levofloxacin concentration (Cmax) values were generally attained within 2 h postdose. The mean values of Cmax and area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h (AUC0-24) following a single 750-mg dose were 7.1 microg/ml and 71.3 microg x h/ml, respectively, compared to 8.6 microg/ml and 90.7 microg x h/ml, respectively, at steady state. Following the single 1-g dose, mean Cmax and AUC0-24 values were 8.9 microg/ml and 95.4 microg x h/ml, respectively; corresponding values at steady state were 11.8 microg/ml and 118 microg x h/ml. These Cmax and AUC0-24 values indicate modest and similar degrees of accumulation upon multiple dosing at the two dose levels. Values of apparent total body clearance (CL/F), apparent volume of distribution (Vss/F), half-life (t1/2), and renal clearance (CL[R]) were similar for the two dose levels and did not vary from single to multiple dosing. Mean steady-state values for CL/F, Vss/F, t1/2, and CL(R) following 750 mg of levofloxacin were 143 ml/min, 100 liters, 8.8 h, and 116 ml/min, respectively; corresponding values for the 1-g dose were 146 ml/min, 105 liters, 8

  19. An experimental assessment on the performance of different lubrication techniques in grinding of Inconel 751.

    PubMed

    Balan, A S S; Vijayaraghavan, L; Krishnamurthy, R; Kuppan, P; Oyyaravelu, R

    2016-09-01

    The application of emulsion for combined heat extraction and lubrication requires continuous monitoring of the quality of emulsion to sustain a desired grinding environment; this is applicable to other grinding fluids as well. Thus to sustain a controlled grinding environment, it is necessary to adopt an effectively lubricated wheel-work interface. The current study was undertaken to assess experimentally the ​ effects of different grinding environments such as dry, minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) and Cryo-MQL on performance, such as grinding force, temperature, surface roughness and chip morphology on Inconel 751, a higher heat resistance material posing thermal problems and wheel loading. The results show that grinding with the combination of both liquid nitrogen (LN2) and MQL lowers temperature, cutting forces, and surface roughness as compared with MQL and dry grinding. Specific cutting energy is widely used as an inverse measure of process efficiency in machining. It is found from the results that specific cutting energy of Cryo-MQL assisted grinding is 50-65% lower than conventional dry grinding. The grindability of Inconel 751 superalloy can be enhanced with Cryo-MQL condition.

  20. Investigating the Effect of Approach Angle and Nose Radius on Surface Quality of Inconel 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Sunil; Singh, Dilbag; Kalsi, Nirmal S.

    2017-11-01

    This experimental work presents a surface quality evaluation of a Nickel-Cr-Fe based Inconel 718 superalloy, which has many applications in the aero engine and turbine components. However, during machining, the early wear of tool leads to decrease in surface quality. The coating on cutting tool plays a significant role in increasing the wear resistance and life of the tool. In this work, the aim is to study the surface quality of Inconel 718 with TiAlN-coated carbide tools. Influence of various geometrical parameters (tool nose radius, approach angle) and machining variables (cutting velocity, feed rate) on the quality of machined surface (surface roughness) was determined by using central composite design (CCD) matrix. The mathematical model of the same was developed. Analysis of variance was used to find the significance of the parameters. Results showed that the tool nose radius and feed were the main active factors. The present experiment accomplished that TiAlN-coated carbide inserts result in better surface quality as compared with uncoated carbide inserts.

  1. Experimental study of surface integrity and fatigue life in the face milling of inconel 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xiangyu; Huang, Chuanzhen; Zou, Bin; Liu, Guoliang; Zhu, Hongtao; Wang, Jun

    2018-06-01

    The Inconel 718 alloy is widely used in the aerospace and power industries. The machining-induced surface integrity and fatigue life of this material are important factors for consideration due to high reliability and safety requirements. In this work, the milling of Inconel 718 was conducted at different cutting speeds and feed rates. Surface integrity and fatigue life were measured directly. The effects of cutting speed and feed rate on surface integrity and their further influences on fatigue life were analyzed. Within the chosen parameter range, the cutting speed barely affected the surface roughness, whereas the feed rate increased the surface roughness through the ideal residual height. The surface hardness increased as the cutting speed and feed rate increased. Tensile residual stress was observed on the machined surface, which showed improvement with the increasing feed rate. The cutting speed was not an influencing factor on fatigue life, but the feed rate affected fatigue life through the surface roughness. The high surface roughness resulting from the high feed rate could result in a high stress concentration factor and lead to a low fatigue life.

  2. 23 CFR 750.710 - Landmark signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.710 Landmark signs. (a) 23 U.S.C. 131(c) permits the existence of signs lawfully in existence on October 22, 1965, determined by the State, subject to the approval of the... artistic significance, the preservation of which is consistent with the purpose of 23 U.S.C. 131. (b...

  3. 23 CFR 750.710 - Landmark signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.710 Landmark signs. (a) 23 U.S.C. 131(c) permits the existence of signs lawfully in existence on October 22, 1965, determined by the State, subject to the approval of the... artistic significance, the preservation of which is consistent with the purpose of 23 U.S.C. 131. (b...

  4. ZNF750 is a p63 Target Gene that Induces KLF4 to Drive Terminal Epidermal Differentiation

    PubMed Central

    Sen, George L.; Boxer, Lisa D.; Webster, Dan E.; Bussat, Rose T.; Qu, Kun; Zarnegar, Brian J.; Johnston, Danielle; Siprashvili, Zurab; Khavari, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    SUMMARY Disrupted epidermal differentiation characterizes numerous diseases that impact >25% of the population. In a search for dominant mediators of differentiation, we defined a requirement for ZNF750 in terminal epidermal differentiation. ZNF750 controlled genes mutated in numerous human skin diseases, including FLG, LOR, LCE3B, ALOXE3, and SPINK5. ZNF750 induced progenitor differentiation via an evolutionarily conserved C2H2 zinc finger motif. The epidermal master regulator, p63, bound the ZNF750 promoter and was necessary for its induction. ZNF750 restored differentiation to p63-deficient tissue, suggesting it acts downstream of p63. A search for functionally important ZNF750 targets via analysis of ZNF750-regulated genes identified KLF4, a transcription factor that activates late epidermal differentiation. ZNF750 binds to KLF4 at multiple sites flanking the transcriptional start site and controls its expression. ZNF750 thus directly links a tissue-specifying factor, p63, to an effector of terminal differentiation, KLF4, and represents a potential future target for disorders of this process. PMID:22364861

  5. 23 CFR 750.107 - Class 3 and 4 signs outside informational sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Class 3 and 4 signs outside informational sites. 750.107 Section 750.107 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent...

  6. 47 CFR 74.750 - Transmission system facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.750 Transmission system facilities. (a) A low power TV, TV translator, or TV booster station shall operate with a transmitter that is either certificated for licensing... rebroadcasting TV booster transmitting equipment using a modulation process must meet the following requirements...

  7. 47 CFR 74.750 - Transmission system facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.750 Transmission system facilities. (a) A low power TV, TV translator, or TV booster station shall operate with a transmitter that is either certificated for licensing... rebroadcasting TV booster transmitting equipment using a modulation process must meet the following requirements...

  8. 47 CFR 74.750 - Transmission system facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.750 Transmission system facilities. (a) A low power TV, TV translator, or TV booster station shall operate with a transmitter that is either certificated for licensing... rebroadcasting TV booster transmitting equipment using a modulation process must meet the following requirements...

  9. 32 CFR 750.3 - Investigations: The report.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... questions of who, what, where, when, why and how? The Navy's best interests are served when the... responsibility: (1) To interview all witnesses to the incident and prepare summaries of their comments. Obtaining... written report of investigation shall contain information answering the questions mentioned in § 750.3(a...

  10. 32 CFR 750.3 - Investigations: The report.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... questions of who, what, where, when, why and how? The Navy's best interests are served when the... responsibility: (1) To interview all witnesses to the incident and prepare summaries of their comments. Obtaining... written report of investigation shall contain information answering the questions mentioned in § 750.3(a...

  11. Experimental Investigation Nano Particles Influence in NPMEDM to Machine Inconel 800 with Electrolyte Copper Electrode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karunakaran, K.; Chandrasekaran, M.

    2017-05-01

    The recent technology of machining hard materials is Powder mix dielectric electrical Discharge Machining (PMEDM). This research investigates nano sized (about 5Nm) powders influence in machining Inconel 800 nickel based super alloy. This work is motivated for a practical need for a manufacturing industry, which processes various kinds of jobs of Inconel 800 material. The conventional EDM machining also considered for investigation for the measure of Nano powders performances. The aluminum, silicon and multi walled Carbon Nano tubes powders were considered in this investigation along with pulse on time, pulse of time and input current to analyze and optimize the responses of Material Removal Rate, Tool Wear Rate and surface roughness. The Taguchi general Full Factorial Design was used to design the experiments. The most advance equipments employed in conducting experiments and measuring equipments to improve the accuracy of the result. The MWCNT powder mix was out performs than other powders which reduce 22% to 50% of the tool wear rate, gives the surface roughness reduction from 29.62% to 41.64% and improved MRR 42.91% to 53.51% than conventional EDM.

  12. 23 CFR 750.107 - Class 3 and 4 signs outside informational sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... areas. (6) Not more than one such sign advertising activities being conducted as a single enterprise or... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Class 3 and 4 signs outside informational sites. 750.107... to the Interstate System Under the 1958 Bonus Program § 750.107 Class 3 and 4 signs outside...

  13. 23 CFR 750.107 - Class 3 and 4 signs outside informational sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... areas. (6) Not more than one such sign advertising activities being conducted as a single enterprise or... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Class 3 and 4 signs outside informational sites. 750.107... to the Interstate System Under the 1958 Bonus Program § 750.107 Class 3 and 4 signs outside...

  14. Effects of Internal and External Hydrogen on Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walter, R. J.; Frandsen, J. D.

    1999-01-01

    Internal hydrogen embrittlement (IHE) and hydrogen environment embrittlement (HEE) tensile and bend crack growth tests were performed on Inconel 718. For the IHE tests, the specimens were precharged to approximately 90 ppm hydrogen by exposure to 34.5 MPa H2 at 650 C. The HEE tests were performed in 34.5 MPa H2. Parameters evaluated were test temperature, strain rate for smooth and notch specimen geometries. The strain rate effect was very significant at ambient temperature for both IHE and HEE and decreased with increasing temperatures. For IHE, the strain rate effect was neglible at 260'C, and for HEE the strain rate effect was neglible at 400 C. At low temperatures, IHE was more severe than HEE, and at high temperatures HEE was more severe than IHE with a cross over temperature about 350 C. At 350 C, the equilibrium hydrogen concentration in Inconel 718 is about 50% lower than the hydrogen content of the precharged IHE specimens. Dislocation hydrogen sweeping of surface absorbed hydrogen was the likely transport mechanism for increasing the hydrogen concentration in the HEE tests sufficiently to produce the same degree of embrittlement as that of the more highly hydrogen charged IHE specimens. The main IHE fracture characteristic was formation of large, brittle flat facets, which decreased with increasing test temperature. The IHE fracture matrix surrounding the large facets ranged between brittle fine faceted to microvoid ductility depending upon strain rate, specimen geometry as well as temperature. The HEE fractures were characteristically fine featured, transgranular and brittle with a significant portion forming a "saw tooth" crystallographic pattern. Both IHE and HEE fractures were predominantly along the {1 1 1) slip and twin boundaries. With respect to embrittlement mechanism, it was postulated that dislocation hydrogen sweeping and hydrogen enhanced localized plasticity were active in HEE and IHE for concentrating hydrogen along (1 1 1) slip and twin

  15. 47 CFR 74.750 - Transmission system facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.750 Transmission system facilities. (a) A low power TV, TV translator, or TV booster station shall operate with a transmitter that is either certificated for licensing... and TV translator transmitters will be certificated by the FCC: (1) The equipment shall be so designed...

  16. 32 CFR 750.48 - Measure of damages in injury or death cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Measure of damages in injury or death cases. 750... GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Military Claims Act § 750.48 Measure of damages in injury or death cases. (a... possessions, determine the measure of damages under the law of the location where the injury arises. (b) Where...

  17. 32 CFR 750.48 - Measure of damages in injury or death cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Measure of damages in injury or death cases. 750... GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Military Claims Act § 750.48 Measure of damages in injury or death cases. (a... possessions, determine the measure of damages under the law of the location where the injury arises. (b) Where...

  18. 32 CFR 750.48 - Measure of damages in injury or death cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Measure of damages in injury or death cases. 750... GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Military Claims Act § 750.48 Measure of damages in injury or death cases. (a... possessions, determine the measure of damages under the law of the location where the injury arises. (b) Where...

  19. 32 CFR 750.48 - Measure of damages in injury or death cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Measure of damages in injury or death cases. 750... GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Military Claims Act § 750.48 Measure of damages in injury or death cases. (a... possessions, determine the measure of damages under the law of the location where the injury arises. (b) Where...

  20. 32 CFR 750.48 - Measure of damages in injury or death cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Measure of damages in injury or death cases. 750... GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Military Claims Act § 750.48 Measure of damages in injury or death cases. (a... possessions, determine the measure of damages under the law of the location where the injury arises. (b) Where...

  1. Advanced High-Power Generator Research Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    lOOx ............. ... 3A-6 3A-3 Carbides in the Inconel are Well Broken Up. No Continuous Networks as in Previous Bonds. Unetched. Magnified 225X.. 3A...7 3A-4 Carbides in the Inconel are Well Broken Uo. No Continuous Networks as in Previous Bonds. Unetched. Magnified 225X.. 3A-7 3A-5 Carbides are Well...3A-9 3A-8 Typical Tensile Rupture. Failure Occurred with Inconel 718 Carbide Precipitation Zone. Magnified 225X

  2. 23 CFR 750.104 - Signs that may not be permitted in protected areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Signs that may not be permitted in protected areas. 750.104 Section 750.104 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor...

  3. 30 CFR 750.14 - Lands designated unsuitable for mining by Act of Congress.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lands designated unsuitable for mining by Act of Congress. 750.14 Section 750.14 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN LANDS PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND...

  4. Clinical implications of 750 mg, 5-day levofloxacin for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia.

    PubMed

    File, Thomas M; Milkovich, Gary; Tennenberg, Alan M; Xiang, Jim X; Khashab, Mohammed M; Zadeikis, Neringa

    2004-09-01

    To evaluate the time to symptom resolution and i.v.-to-p.o. transition in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients treated with 750 mg or 500 mg levofloxacin. A retrospective, subset analysis of a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial comparing 750 mg levofloxacin for 5 days to 500 mg levofloxacin for 10 days for the treatment of CAP. A total of 528 CAP patients were included. Baseline symptoms were re-evaluated on Day 3 of therapy, and time to i.v.-to-p.o. transition was recorded for inpatients. For the overall population, 67.4% of patients receiving 750 mg levofloxacin had resolution of fever by Day 3 of therapy, compared to 54.6% of 500 mg treated patients (P = 0.006). Patients who started on 750 mg levofloxacin i.v. (N = 108) transitioned to p.o. in an average of 2.68 days while those starting on 500 mg i.v. (N = 124) transitioned in 2.95 days (P = 0.144). The median time for i.v.-to-p.o. switch was 2.35 days and 2.75 days for patients receiving 750 mg and 500 mg levofloxacin, respectively (P = 0.098, log rank test). By Day 3 of therapy, 68% of patients receiving the 750 mg dose had transitioned from i.v. to p.o. levofloxacin, compared with 61% of the 500 mg group (P = 0.280). The safety profiles were comparable for the two regimens. The 750 mg levofloxacin dose resulted in a greater proportion of patients with resolution of CAP symptoms by Day 3 when compared with 500 mg therapy. Consequently, the 750 mg regimen trended toward more rapid transition to p.o., potentially resulting in lower overall drug costs. Time to switch from i.v. to p.o. was determined by the investigators' discretion rather than a set protocol. Additionally, length of stay data was not collected in this study, which can significantly impact overall healthcare costs. Further research is required to fully understand the economic impact of the 750 mg, 5-day levofloxacin regimen.

  5. Effect of anisotropy and texture on the low cycle fatigue behavior of Inconel 718 processed via electron beam melting

    SciTech Connect

    Kirka, Michael M.; Greeley, Duncan A.; Hawkins, Charles S.

    Here in this study, the impact of texture (columnar/equiax grain structure) and influence of material orientation on the low cycle fatigue (LCF) behavior of hot isostatic pressed (HIP) and heat-treated Inconel 718 fabricated through electron beam melting (EBM) is investigated. Material was tested both parallel and perpendicular (transverse) to the build direction. In all instances, the EBM HIP and heat-treated Inconel 718 performed similarly or exceeded the LCF life of wrought Inconel 718 plate and bar stock under fully reversed strain-controlled loading at 650 °C. Amongst the textures, the columnar grains oriented parallel to the build direction exhibited the highestmore » life on average compared to the transverse columnar and equiax EBM material. Further, in relation to the reference wrought material the parallel columnar grain material exhibited a greater life. While a negligible life difference was observed in the equiax grained material between the two orientations, a consistently lower accumulated inelastic strain was measured for the material loaded parallel to the build direction than the transverse orientation. Failure of the parallel columnar material occurred in a transgranular manner with cracks emanating from the surface whereas the transverse columnar material failed in a intergranular manner, with crack growth occurring through repeated rupture of oxide at the crack-tip. Finally, in the case of the equiax material, an influence of material orientation was not observed on the failure mechanism with crack propagation occurring through a combination of debonded/cracked carbides and void formation along twin boundaries resulting in a mixture of intergranular and transgranular crack propagation.« less

  6. Effect of anisotropy and texture on the low cycle fatigue behavior of Inconel 718 processed via electron beam melting

    DOE PAGES

    Kirka, Michael M.; Greeley, Duncan A.; Hawkins, Charles S.; ...

    2017-09-11

    Here in this study, the impact of texture (columnar/equiax grain structure) and influence of material orientation on the low cycle fatigue (LCF) behavior of hot isostatic pressed (HIP) and heat-treated Inconel 718 fabricated through electron beam melting (EBM) is investigated. Material was tested both parallel and perpendicular (transverse) to the build direction. In all instances, the EBM HIP and heat-treated Inconel 718 performed similarly or exceeded the LCF life of wrought Inconel 718 plate and bar stock under fully reversed strain-controlled loading at 650 °C. Amongst the textures, the columnar grains oriented parallel to the build direction exhibited the highestmore » life on average compared to the transverse columnar and equiax EBM material. Further, in relation to the reference wrought material the parallel columnar grain material exhibited a greater life. While a negligible life difference was observed in the equiax grained material between the two orientations, a consistently lower accumulated inelastic strain was measured for the material loaded parallel to the build direction than the transverse orientation. Failure of the parallel columnar material occurred in a transgranular manner with cracks emanating from the surface whereas the transverse columnar material failed in a intergranular manner, with crack growth occurring through repeated rupture of oxide at the crack-tip. Finally, in the case of the equiax material, an influence of material orientation was not observed on the failure mechanism with crack propagation occurring through a combination of debonded/cracked carbides and void formation along twin boundaries resulting in a mixture of intergranular and transgranular crack propagation.« less

  7. Actinide Oxidation State and O/M Ratio in Hypostoichiometric Uranium-Plutonium-Americium U0.750Pu0.246Am0.004O2-x Mixed Oxides.

    PubMed

    Vauchy, Romain; Belin, Renaud C; Robisson, Anne-Charlotte; Lebreton, Florent; Aufore, Laurence; Scheinost, Andreas C; Martin, Philippe M

    2016-03-07

    Innovative americium-bearing uranium-plutonium mixed oxides U1-yPuyO2-x are envisioned as nuclear fuel for sodium-cooled fast neutron reactors (SFRs). The oxygen-to-metal (O/M) ratio, directly related to the oxidation state of cations, affects many of the fuel properties. Thus, a thorough knowledge of its variation with the sintering conditions is essential. The aim of this work is to follow the oxidation state of uranium, plutonium, and americium, and so the O/M ratio, in U0.750Pu0.246Am0.004O2-x samples sintered for 4 h at 2023 K in various Ar + 5% H2 + z vpm H2O (z = ∼ 15, ∼ 90, and ∼ 200) gas mixtures. The O/M ratios were determined by gravimetry, XAS, and XRD and evidenced a partial oxidation of the samples at room temperature. Finally, by comparing XANES and EXAFS results to that of a previous study, we demonstrate that the presence of uranium does not influence the interactions between americium and plutonium and that the differences in the O/M ratio between the investigated conditions is controlled by the reduction of plutonium. We also discuss the role of the homogeneity of cation distribution, as determined by EPMA, on the mechanisms involved in the reduction process.

  8. Requirements of Inconel 718 alloy for aeronautical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghiban, Brandusa; Elefterie, Cornelia Florina; Guragata, Constantin; Bran, Dragos

    2018-02-01

    The main requirements imposed by aviation components made from super alloys based on Nickel are presented in present paper. A significant portion of fasteners, locking lugs, blade retainers and inserts are manufactured from Inconel 718 alloy. The thesis describes environmental factors (corrosion), conditions of external aggression (salt air, intense heat, heavy industrial pollution, high condensation, high pressure), mechanical characteristics (tensile strength, creep, density, yield strength, fracture toughness, fatigue resistance) and loadings (tensions, compression loads) that must be satisfied simultaneously by Ni-based super alloy, compared to other classes of aviation alloys (as egg. Titanium alloys, Aluminum alloys). For this alloy the requirements are strength, durability, damage tolerance, fail safety and so on. The corrosion can be an issue, but the fatigue under high-magnitude cyclic tensile loading it what limits the lifetime of the airframe. The excellent malleability and weldability characteristics of the 718 system make the material physical properties tolerant of manufacturing processes. These characteristics additionally continue to provide new opportunities for advanced manufacturing methods.

  9. 40 CFR 7.50 - Specific prohibitions against discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Discrimination Prohibited on the Basis of Handicap § 7.50 Specific prohibitions against discrimination. (a) A... provided to others; (3) Aid or perpetuate discrimination against a qualified handicapped person by... have the effect of subjecting individuals to discrimination because of their handicap, or have the...

  10. 40 CFR 7.50 - Specific prohibitions against discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Discrimination Prohibited on the Basis of Handicap § 7.50 Specific prohibitions against discrimination. (a) A... provided to others; (3) Aid or perpetuate discrimination against a qualified handicapped person by... have the effect of subjecting individuals to discrimination because of their handicap, or have the...

  11. 40 CFR 7.50 - Specific prohibitions against discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Discrimination Prohibited on the Basis of Handicap § 7.50 Specific prohibitions against discrimination. (a) A... provided to others; (3) Aid or perpetuate discrimination against a qualified handicapped person by... have the effect of subjecting individuals to discrimination because of their handicap, or have the...

  12. 40 CFR 7.50 - Specific prohibitions against discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Discrimination Prohibited on the Basis of Handicap § 7.50 Specific prohibitions against discrimination. (a) A... provided to others; (3) Aid or perpetuate discrimination against a qualified handicapped person by... have the effect of subjecting individuals to discrimination because of their handicap, or have the...

  13. 40 CFR 7.50 - Specific prohibitions against discrimination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Discrimination Prohibited on the Basis of Handicap § 7.50 Specific prohibitions against discrimination. (a) A... provided to others; (3) Aid or perpetuate discrimination against a qualified handicapped person by... have the effect of subjecting individuals to discrimination because of their handicap, or have the...

  14. 21 CFR 358.750 - Labeling of drug products for the control of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis. 358.750 Section 358.750 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... Dermatitis, and Psoriasis § 358.750 Labeling of drug products for the control of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis. (a) Statement of identity. The labeling of the product contains the established...

  15. 21 CFR 358.750 - Labeling of drug products for the control of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis. 358.750 Section 358.750 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... Dermatitis, and Psoriasis § 358.750 Labeling of drug products for the control of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis. (a) Statement of identity. The labeling of the product contains the established...

  16. Post-test examination of a pool boiler receiver

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dreshfield, Robert L.; Moore, Thomas J.; Bartolotta, Paul A.

    1992-01-01

    A subscale pool boiler test apparatus to evaluate boiling stability developed a leak after being operated with boiling NaK for 791.4 hr at temperatures from 700 to 750 C. The boiler was constructed using Inconel 625 with a type 304L stainless steel wick for the boiler and type 316 stainless steel for the condenser. The boiler assembly was metallurgically evaluated to determine the cause of the leak and to assess the effects of the NaK on the materials. It was found that the leak was caused by insufficient (about 30 pct.) joint penetration in a butt joint. There was no general corrosion of the construction materials, but the room temperature ductility of the Inconel 625 was only about 6.5 pct. A crack in the heat affected zone of the Inconel 625 near the Inconel 625 to type 316 stainless steel butt joint was probably caused by excessive heat input. The crack was observed to have a zone depleted of iron at the crack surface and porosity below that zone. The mechanism of the iron depletion was not conclusively determined.

  17. The effects of multiple repairs on Inconel 718 weld mechanical properties

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Russell, C. K.; Nunes, A. C., Jr.; Moore, D.

    1991-01-01

    Inconel 718 weldments were repaired 3, 6, 9, and 13 times using the gas tungsten arc welding process. The welded panels were machined into mechanical test specimens, postweld heat treated, and nondestructively tested. Tensile properties and high cycle fatigue life were evaluated and the results compared to unrepaired weld properties. Mechanical property data were analyzed using the statistical methods of difference in means for tensile properties and difference in log means and Weibull analysis for high cycle fatigue properties. Statistical analysis performed on the data did not show a significant decrease in tensile or high cycle fatigue properties due to the repeated repairs. Some degradation was observed in all properties, however, it was minimal.

  18. 23 CFR 750.304 - State policies and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... one company or those located along a single route, all of the signs in a single county or other... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners) § 750.304 State policies and procedures. The State's written policies and operating procedures for implementing its sign...

  19. 23 CFR 750.304 - State policies and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... one company or those located along a single route, all of the signs in a single county or other... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising (Acquisition of Rights of Sign and Sign Site Owners) § 750.304 State policies and procedures. The State's written policies and operating procedures for implementing its sign...

  20. Probabilistic Material Strength Degradation Model for Inconel 718 Components Subjected to High Temperature, Mechanical Fatigue, Creep and Thermal Fatigue Effects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bast, Callie Corinne Scheidt

    1994-01-01

    This thesis presents the on-going development of methodology for a probabilistic material strength degradation model. The probabilistic model, in the form of a postulated randomized multifactor equation, provides for quantification of uncertainty in the lifetime material strength of aerospace propulsion system components subjected to a number of diverse random effects. This model is embodied in the computer program entitled PROMISS, which can include up to eighteen different effects. Presently, the model includes four effects that typically reduce lifetime strength: high temperature, mechanical fatigue, creep, and thermal fatigue. Statistical analysis was conducted on experimental Inconel 718 data obtained from the open literature. This analysis provided regression parameters for use as the model's empirical material constants, thus calibrating the model specifically for Inconel 718. Model calibration was carried out for four variables, namely, high temperature, mechanical fatigue, creep, and thermal fatigue. Methodology to estimate standard deviations of these material constants for input into the probabilistic material strength model was developed. Using the current version of PROMISS, entitled PROMISS93, a sensitivity study for the combined effects of mechanical fatigue, creep, and thermal fatigue was performed. Results, in the form of cumulative distribution functions, illustrated the sensitivity of lifetime strength to any current value of an effect. In addition, verification studies comparing a combination of mechanical fatigue and high temperature effects by model to the combination by experiment were conducted. Thus, for Inconel 718, the basic model assumption of independence between effects was evaluated. Results from this limited verification study strongly supported this assumption.

  1. Ultrasonic Sensor Signals and Optimum Path Forest Classifier for the Microstructural Characterization of Thermally-Aged Inconel 625 Alloy

    PubMed Central

    de Albuquerque, Victor Hugo C.; Barbosa, Cleisson V.; Silva, Cleiton C.; Moura, Elineudo P.; Rebouças Filho, Pedro P.; Papa, João P.; Tavares, João Manuel R. S.

    2015-01-01

    Secondary phases, such as laves and carbides, are formed during the final solidification stages of nickel-based superalloy coatings deposited during the gas tungsten arc welding cold wire process. However, when aged at high temperatures, other phases can precipitate in the microstructure, like the γ” and δ phases. This work presents an evaluation of the powerful optimum path forest (OPF) classifier configured with six distance functions to classify background echo and backscattered ultrasonic signals from samples of the inconel 625 superalloy thermally aged at 650 and 950 °C for 10, 100 and 200 h. The background echo and backscattered ultrasonic signals were acquired using transducers with frequencies of 4 and 5 MHz. The potentiality of ultrasonic sensor signals combined with the OPF to characterize the microstructures of an inconel 625 thermally aged and in the as-welded condition were confirmed by the results. The experimental results revealed that the OPF classifier is sufficiently fast (classification total time of 0.316 ms) and accurate (accuracy of 88.75% and harmonic mean of 89.52) for the application proposed. PMID:26024416

  2. Ultrasonic sensor signals and optimum path forest classifier for the microstructural characterization of thermally-aged inconel 625 alloy.

    PubMed

    de Albuquerque, Victor Hugo C; Barbosa, Cleisson V; Silva, Cleiton C; Moura, Elineudo P; Filho, Pedro P Rebouças; Papa, João P; Tavares, João Manuel R S

    2015-05-27

    Secondary phases, such as laves and carbides, are formed during the final solidification stages of nickel-based superalloy coatings deposited during the gas tungsten arc welding cold wire process. However, when aged at high temperatures, other phases can precipitate in the microstructure, like the γ'' and δ phases. This work presents an evaluation of the powerful optimum path forest (OPF) classifier configured with six distance functions to classify background echo and backscattered ultrasonic signals from samples of the inconel 625 superalloy thermally aged at 650 and 950 °C for 10, 100 and 200 h. The background echo and backscattered ultrasonic signals were acquired using transducers with frequencies of 4 and 5 MHz. The potentiality of ultrasonic sensor signals combined with the OPF to characterize the microstructures of an inconel 625 thermally aged and in the as-welded condition were confirmed by the results. The experimental results revealed that the OPF classifier is sufficiently fast (classification total time of 0.316 ms) and accurate (accuracy of 88.75%" and harmonic mean of 89.52) for the application proposed.

  3. Corrosion Resistance of Laser Clads of Inconel 625 and Metco 41C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Němeček, Stanislav; Fidler, Lukáš; Fišerová, Pavla

    The present paper explores the impact of laser cladding parameters on the corrosion behaviour of the resulting surface. Powders of Inconel 625 and austenitic Metco 41C steel were deposited on steel substrate. It was confirmed that the level of dilution has profound impact on the corrosion resistance and that dilution has to be minimized. However, the chemical composition of the cladding is altered even in the course of the cladding process, a fact which is related to the increase in the substrate temperature. The cladding process was optimized to achieve maximum corrosion resistance. The results were verified and validated using microscopic observation, chemical analysis and corrosion testing.

  4. Brazing Inconel 625 Using the Copper Foil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Wen-Shiang; Wang, Cheng-Yen; Shiue, Ren-Kae

    2013-12-01

    Brazing Inconel 625 (IN-625) using the copper foil has been investigated in this research. The brazed joint is composed of nanosized CrNi3 precipitates and Cr/Mo/Nb/Ni quaternary compound in the Cu/Ni-rich matrix. The copper filler 50 μm in thickness is enough for the joint filling. However, the application of Cu foil 100 μm in thickness has little effect on the shear strength of the brazed joint. The specimen brazed at 1433 K (1160 °C) for 1800 seconds demonstrates the best shear strength of 470 MPa, and its fractograph is dominated by ductile dimple fracture with sliding marks. Decreasing the brazing temperature slightly decreases the shear strength of the brazed joint due to the presence of a few isolated solidification shrinkage voids smaller than 15 μm. Increasing the brazing temperature, especially for the specimen brazed at 1473 K (1200 °C), significantly deteriorates the shear strength of the joint below 260 MPa because of coalescence of isothermal solidification shrinkage voids in the joint. The Cu foil demonstrates potential in brazing IN-625 for industrial application.

  5. SphinX x-ray spectrophotometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kowaliński, Mirosław

    2012-05-01

    This paper presents assumptions to a PhD thesis. The thesis will be based on the construction of Solar Photometer in X-rays (SphinX). SphinX was an instrument developed to detect the soft X-rays from the Sun. It was flown on board the Russian CORONAS-Photon satellite from January 30, 2009 to the end of November, 2009. During 9 months in orbit SphinX provided an excellent and unique set of observations. It revealed about 750 flares and brightenings. The instrument observed in energy range 1.0 - 15.0 keV with resolution below ~0.5 keV. Here, the SphinX instrument objectives, design, performance and operation principle are described. Below results of mechanical and thermal - vacuum tests necessary to qualify the instrument to use in space environment are presented. Also the calibration results of the instrument are discussed. In particular detail it is described the Electrical Ground Support Equipment (EGSE) for SphinX. The EGSE was used for all tests of the instrument. At the end of the paper results obtained from the instrument during operation in orbit are discussed. These results are compared with the other similar measurements performed from the separate spacecraft instruments. It is suggested design changes in future versions of SphinX.

  6. The interaction of reaction-bonded silicon carbide and inconel 600 with a nickel-based brazing alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McDermid, J. R.; Pugh, M. D.; Drew, R. A. L.

    1989-09-01

    The objective of the present research was to join reaction-bonded silicon carbide (RBSC) to INCONEL 600 (a nickel-based superalloy) for use in advanced heat engine applications using either direct brazing or composite interlayer joining. Direct brazing experiments employed American Welding Society (AWS) BNi-5, a commercial nickel-based brazing alloy, as a filler material; composite interlayers consisted of intimate mixtures of α-SiC and BNi-5 powders. Both methods resulted in the liquid filler metal forming a Ni-Si liquid with the free Si in the RBSC, which, in turn, reacted vigorously with the SiC component of the RBSC to form low melting point constituents in both starting materials and Cr carbides at the metal-ceramic interface. Using solution thermodynamics, it was shown that a Ni-Si liquid of greater than 60 at. pct Ni will decompose a-SiC at the experimental brazing temperature of 1200 ‡C; these calculations are consistent with the experimentally observed composition profiles and reaction morphology within the ceramic. It was concluded that the joining of RBSC to INCONEL 600 using a nickel-based brazing alloy is not feasible due to the inevitability of the filler metal reacting with the ceramic, degrading the high-temperature properties of the base materials.

  7. Glass Fiber Reinforced Metal Pressure Vessel Design Guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Landes, R. E.

    1972-01-01

    The Engineering Guide presents curves and general equations for safelife design of lightweight glass fiber reinforced (GFR) metal pressure vessels operating under anticipated Space Shuttle service conditions. The high composite vessel weight efficiency is shown to be relatively insensitive to shape, providing increased flexibility to designers establishing spacecraft configurations. Spheres, oblate speroids, and cylinders constructed of GFR Inconel X-750, 2219-T62 aluminum, and cryoformed 301 stainless steel are covered; design parameters and performance efficiencies for each configuration are compared at ambient and cryogenic temperature for an operating pressure range of 690 to 2760 N/sq cm (1000 to 4000 psi). Design variables are presented as a function of metal shell operating to sizing (proof) stress ratios for use with fracture mechanics data generated under a separate task of this program.

  8. Development of RF sputtered chromium oxide coating for wear application

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bhushan, B.

    1979-01-01

    The radio frequency sputtering technique was used to deposite a hard refractory, chromium oxide coating on an Inconel X-750 foil 0.1 mm thick. Optimized sputtering parameters for a smooth and adherent coating were found to be as follows: target-to-substrate spacing, 41.3 mm; argon pressure, 5-10 mTorr; total power to the sputtering module, 400 W (voltage at the target, 1600 V), and a water-cooled substrate. The coating on the annealed foil was more adherent than that on the heat-treated foil. Substrate biasing during the sputter deposition of Cr2O3 adversely affected adherence by removing naturally occurring interfacial oxide layers. The deposited coatings were amorphous and oxygen deficient. Since amorphous materials are extremely hard, the structure was considered to be desirable.

  9. Effects of silver and group II fluoride solid lubricant additions to plasma-sprayed chromium carbide coatings for foil gas bearings to 650 C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wagner, R. C.; Sliney, Harold E.

    1986-01-01

    A new self-lubricating coating composition of nickel aluminide-bonded chromium carbide formulated with silver and Group II fluorides was developed in a research program on high temperature solid lubricants. One of the proposed applications for this new coating composition is as a wide temperature spectrum solid lubricant for complaint foil gas bearings. Friction and wear properties were obtained using a foil gas bearing start-stop apparatus at temperatures from 25 to 650 C. The journals were Inconel 748. Some were coated with the plasma sprayed experimental coating, others with unmodified nickel aluminide/chromium carbide as a baseline for comparison. The additional components were provided to assist in achieving low friction over the temperature range of interest. Uncoated, preoxidized Inconel X-750 foil bearings were operated against these surfaces. The foils were subjected to repeated start/stop cycles under a 14-kPa (2-Psi) bearing unit loading. Sliding contact occurred during lift-off and coastdown at surface velocities less than 6 m/s (3000 rPm). Testing continued until 9000 start/stop cycles were accumulated or until a rise in starting torque indicated the journal/bearing had failed. Comparison in coating performance as well as discussions of their properties and methods of application are given.

  10. Effects of silver and group 2 fluorides addition to plasma sprayed chromium carbide high temperature solid lubricant for foil gas bearing to 650 deg C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wagner, R. C.; Sliney, H. E.

    1984-01-01

    A new self-lubricating coating composition of nickel aluminide-bonded chromium carbide formulated with silver and Group II fluorides was developed in a research program on high temperature solid lubricants. One of the proposed applications for this new coating composition is as a wide temperature spectrum solid lubricant for complaint foil gas bearings. Friction and wear properties were obtained using a foil gas bearing start/stop apparatus at temperatures from 25 to 650 C. The journals were Inconel 718. Some were coated with the plasma sprayed experimental coating, others with unmodified nickel aluminide/chromium carbide as a baseline for comparison. The addtitional components were provided to assist in achieving low friction over the temperature range of interest. Uncoated, preoxidized Inconel X-750 foil bearings were operated against these surfaces. The foils were subjected to repeated start/stop cycles under a 14-kPa (2-psi) bearing unit loading. Sliding contact occurred during lift-off and coastdown at surface velocities less than 6 m/s (3000 rpm). Testing continued until 9000 start/stop cycles were accumulated or until a rise in starting torque indicated the journal/bearing had failed. Comparison in coating performance as well as discussions of their properties and methods of application are given.

  11. J-resistance curves for Inconel 690 and Incoloy 800 nuclear steam generators tubes at room temperature and at 300 °C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergant, Marcos A.; Yawny, Alejandro A.; Perez Ipiña, Juan E.

    2017-04-01

    The structural integrity of steam generator tubes is a relevant issue concerning nuclear plant safety. In the present work, J-resistance curves of Inconel 690 and Incoloy 800 nuclear steam generator tubes with circumferential and longitudinal through wall cracks were obtained at room temperature and 300 °C using recently developed non-standard specimens' geometries. It was found that Incoloy 800 tubes exhibited higher J-resistance curves than Inconel 690 for both crack orientations. For both materials, circumferential cracks resulted into higher fracture resistance than longitudinal cracks, indicating a certain degree of texture anisotropy introduced by the tube fabrication process. From a practical point of view, temperature effects have found to be negligible in all cases. The results obtained in the present work provide a general framework for further application to structural integrity assessments of cracked tubes in a variety of nuclear steam generator designs.

  12. 38 CFR 3.750 - Entitlement to concurrent receipt of military retired pay and disability compensation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... disability compensation. (a) Definition of military retired pay. For the purposes of this part, military... compensation. A veteran may reelect between benefits covered by this section at any time by submitting a... receipt of military retired pay and disability compensation. 3.750 Section 3.750 Pensions, Bonuses, and...

  13. Reference Specimen for Nondestructive Evaluation: Characterization of the Oxide Layer of a Cold Shot in Inconel 600

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saletes, I.; Filleter, T.; Goldbaum, D.; Chromik, R. R.; Sinclair, A. N.

    2015-02-01

    The presence of a cold shot in an aircraft turbine blade can lead to the catastrophic failure of the blade and ultimately to the failure of the power plant. Currently, no nondestructive evaluation (NDE) method exists to detect this kind of defect. This deficiency is primarily due to the fact that the only known cold shot defects in existence are those found in failed blades. Therefore, in order to develop effective NDE methods, reference specimens are needed which mimic the embedded oxide layer that is a primary distinguishing feature of a cold shot. Here, we present a procedure to synthetically reproduce the features of a real cold shot in Inconel 600 and the precise characterization of this oxide layer as a reference specimen suitable for NDE evaluation. As a first step to develop a suitable NDE technique, high-frequency ultrasound simulations are considered. A theoretical 1-D model is developed in order to quantify the multiple reflection-transmission trajectory of the acoustic wave in the reference specimen. This paper also presents an experimental determination of the density and the Young's modulus of the Inconel 600 oxide, which are required as inputs to calculate the acoustic impedance used in the theoretical model.

  14. Control of microstructure and mechanical properties of laser solid formed Inconel 718 superalloy by electromagnetic stirring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Fencheng; Cheng, Hongmao; Yu, Xiaobin; Yang, Guang; Huang, Chunping; Lin, Xin; Chen, Jing

    2018-02-01

    The coarse columnar grains and special interface in laser solid formed (LSFed) Inconel 718 superalloy workpieces seriously affect their mechanical properties. To improve the microstructure and mechanical properties of LSFed Inconel 718 superalloy, electromagnetic stirring (EMS) was introduced to alter the solidification process of the molten pool during LSF. The results show that EMS could not completely eliminate the epitaxially growing columnar grains, however, the strong convection of liquid metals can effectively influence the solid-liquid interface growing mode. The segregation of alloying elements on the front of solid-liquid interface is inhibited and the degree of constitutional supercooling decreases correspondingly. Comparing the microstructures of samples formed under different process parameters, the size and amount of the γ+Laves eutectic phases formed in interdendritic area decrease along with the increasing magnetic field intensity, resulting in more uniformly distributed alloying elements. The residual stress distribution is proved to be more uniform, which is beneficial to the grain refinement after recrystallilzaiton. Mechanical properties testing results show an improvement of 100 MPa in tensile strength and 22% in elongation was obtained after EMS was used. The high cycle fatigue properties at room temperature was also improved from 4.09 × 104 cycles to 8.21 × 104 cycles for the as-deposited samples, and from 5.45 × 104 cycles to 12.73 × 104 cycles for the heat treated samples respectively.

  15. Inconel 690 is alloy of choice for steam-generator tubing

    SciTech Connect

    Strauss, S.D.

    1996-02-01

    The product of two decades of research and plant application, Inconel 690 promises superior long-term resistance to tube cracking in comparison to alloy 600. Ongoing steam-generator management techniques applied at nuclear pressurized-water-reactor (PWR) plants focus on tube monitoring, inspection, and repair, and on water-chemistry control. Of greatest concern to owner/operators of steam generators (SGs) with recirculating (U-bend) rather than straight through tubes is corrosion of several forms, including pitting, thinning, and cracking. As problems persist and operating and maintenance (O and M) costs become prohibitive, managers must consider the remaining option: complete or partial SG replacement. Although replacement costs canmore » range upward of $100-million, this step restores full-power operation, simplifies inspection, shortens subsequent outages, increases unit availability, and reduces radiation exposure of maintenance personnel. Taken together, these can lead to economies over the long term.« less

  16. Effect of magnesium oxide content on oxidation behavior of some superalloy-base cermets

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zaplatynsky, I.

    1975-01-01

    The effect of increasing magnesium oxide (MgO) content on the cyclic oxidation resistance of hot-pressed cermets of MgO in NiCrAlY, MgO in Hoskins-875, MgO in Inconel-702, and MgO in Hastelloy-X was investigated. The cermets with magnesium oxide levels of 5, 10, 20, and 40 vol percent were examined. The cyclic oxidation behavior of these cermets at 1100 and 1200 C in still air was determined by a thermogravimetric method supplemented by X-ray diffraction analysis and light and electron microscopy. In all instances, MgO prevented grain growth in the metallic phase. No evidence of oxidation along interphase boundaries was detected. Cermets of MgO in NiCrAlY and MgO in Hoskins-875 were superior to cermets of MgO in Inconel-702 and MgO in Hastelloy-X. Their oxidation resistance was degraded only when the MgO content was 40 vol percent. The oxidation behavior of MgO-in-Inconel-702 powder cermets containing 5- and 10-vol percent MgO was approximately similar to that of pure Inconel-702 compacts. The 20- and 40-vol percent MgO content reduced the oxidation resistance of MgO-in-Inconel-702 powder cermets relative to that of pure Inconel-702.

  17. Limited energy study, Buildings 750 and 798, Fort Richardson, Alaska. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECOs) for two motor pool facilities, Buildings 750 and 798, to determine their energy savings potential, economic feasibility, and to document results for possible future funding. Buildings 750 and 798 are heated by steam supplied from a central plant. The central plant uses natural gas as a primary fuel source to produce steam for both heating and electrical energy generation. Since power is produced on the base there is not a demand charge for electrical energy. Two ECOs examined the use of natural gas in conjunction withmore » steam as a method of heating the buildings. Annual baseline energy consumption and cost data for each building is presented. The heating system in Building 750 was found to be severely under capacity. This is the result of the disabling of the under-floor heating system and the roof top MAUs. Building 798 also has had the under-floor heating system disabled. However, baseline simulations show that the remaining system is capable of maintaining thermostat setpoints during all but the coldest days of a typical year.« less

  18. The study on force, surface integrity, tool life and chip on laser assisted machining of inconel 718 using Nd:YAG laser source.

    PubMed

    Venkatesan, K

    2017-07-01

    Inconel 718, a high-temperature alloy, is a promising material for high-performance aerospace gas turbine engines components. However, the machining of the alloy is difficult owing to immense shear strength, rapid work hardening rate during turning, and less thermal conductivity. Hence, like ceramics and composites, the machining of this alloy is considered as difficult-to-turn materials. Laser assisted turning method has become a promising solution in recent years to lessen cutting stress when materials that are considered difficult-to-turn, such as Inconel 718 is employed. This study investigated the influence of input variables of laser assisted machining on the machinability aspect of the Inconel 718. The comparison of machining characteristics has been carried out to analyze the process benefits with the variation of laser machining variables. The laser assisted machining variables are cutting speeds of 60-150 m/min, feed rates of 0.05-0.125 mm/rev with a laser power between 1200 W and 1300 W. The various output characteristics such as force, roughness, tool life and geometrical characteristic of chip are investigated and compared with conventional machining without application of laser power. From experimental results, at a laser power of 1200 W, laser assisted turning outperforms conventional machining by 2.10 times lessening in cutting force, 46% reduction in surface roughness as well as 66% improvement in tool life when compared that of conventional machining. Compared to conventional machining, with the application of laser, the cutting speed of carbide tool has increased to a cutting condition of 150 m/min, 0.125 mm/rev. Microstructural analysis shows that no damage of the subsurface of the workpiece.

  19. Crack-growth behavior in thick welded plates of Inconel 718 at room and cryogenic temperatures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Forman, R. G.

    1974-01-01

    Results of mechanical-properties and axial-load fatigue and fracture tests performed on thick welded plates of Inconel 718 superalloy are presented. The test objectives were to determine the tensile strength properties and the crack-growth behavior in electron-beam, plasma-arc, and gas tungsten are welds for plates 1.90 cm (0.75 in) thick. Base-metal specimens were also tested to determine the flaw-growth behavior. The tests were performed in room-temperature-air and liquid nitrogen environments. The experimental crack-growth-rate data are correlated with theoretical crack-growth-rate predictions for semielliptical surface flaws.

  20. Fatigue Behavior and Deformation Mechanisms in Inconel 718 Superalloy Investigated

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    The nickel-base superalloy Inconel 718 (IN 718) is used as a structural material for a variety of components in the space shuttle main engine (SSME) and accounts for more than half of the total weight of this engine. IN 718 is the bill-of-material for the pressure vessels of nickel-hydrogen batteries for the space station. In the case of the space shuttle main engine, structural components are typically subjected to startup and shutdown load transients and occasional overloads in addition to high-frequency vibratory loads from routine operation. The nickel-hydrogen battery cells are prooftested before service and are subjected to fluctuating pressure loads during operation. In both of these applications, the structural material is subjected to a monotonic load initially, which is subsequently followed by fatigue. To assess the life of these structural components, it is necessary to determine the influence of a prior monotonic load on the subsequent fatigue life of the superalloy. An insight into the underlying deformation and damage mechanisms is also required to properly account for the interaction between the prior monotonic load and the subsequent fatigue loading. An experimental investigation was conducted to establish the effect of prior monotonic straining on the subsequent fatigue behavior of wrought, double-aged, IN 718 at room temperature. First, monotonic strain tests and fully-reversed, strain-controlled fatigue tests were conducted on uniform-gage-section IN 718 specimens. Next, fully reversed fatigue tests were conducted under strain control on specimens that were monotonically strained in tension. Results from this investigation indicated that prior monotonic straining reduced the fatigue resistance of the superalloy particularly at the lowest strain range. Some of the tested specimens were sectioned and examined by transmission electron microscopy to reveal typical microstructures as well as the active deformation and damage mechanisms under each of

  1. 40 CFR 1033.750 - Changing a locomotive's FEL at remanufacture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Changing a locomotive's FEL at... Certification § 1033.750 Changing a locomotive's FEL at remanufacture. Locomotives are generally required to be... revised FEL for the remainder of their service lives, unless it is changed again under this section during...

  2. 40 CFR 1033.750 - Changing a locomotive's FEL at remanufacture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Changing a locomotive's FEL at... Certification § 1033.750 Changing a locomotive's FEL at remanufacture. Locomotives are generally required to be... revised FEL for the remainder of their service lives, unless it is changed again under this section during...

  3. Effect of filler metals on the mechanical properties of Inconel 625 and AISI 904L dissimilar weldments using gas tungsten arc welding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senthur Prabu, S.; Devendranath Ramkumar, K.; Arivazhagan, N.

    2017-11-01

    In the present research work, dissimilar welding between Inconel 625 super alloy and AISI 904L super austenitic stainless steel using manual multi-pass continuous current gas tungsten arc (CCGTA) welding process employed with ERNiCrMo-4 and ERNiCrCoMo-1 fillers were performed to determine the mechanical properties and weldability. Tensile test results corroborated that the fracture had occurred at the parent metal of AISI 904L irrespective of filler used for all the trials. The presence of the macro and micro void coalescence in the fibrous matrix characterised for ductile mode of fracture. The hardness values at the weld interface of Inconel 625 side were observed to be higher for ERNiCrMo-4 filler due to the presence of strengthening elements such as W, Mo, Ni and Cr. The impact test accentuated that the weldments using ERNiCrMo-4 filler offered better impact toughness (41J) at room temperature. Bend test results showed that the weldments using these fillers exhibited good ductility without cracks.

  4. Galvanic coupling between D6AC steel, 6061-T6 aluminum, Inconel 718 and graphite-epoxy composite material: Corrosion occurrence and prevention

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Danford, M. D.; Higgins, R. H.

    1983-01-01

    The effects of galvanic coupling between D6AC steel, 6061-T6 aluminum, Inconel 718, and graphite-epoxy composite material (G/E) in 3.5% NaCl were studied. Measurements of corrosion potentials, galvanic currents and corrosion rates of the bare metals using weight-loss methods served to establish the need for corrosion protection in cases where D6AC steel and 6061-T6 aluminum are galvanically coupled to G/E in salt water while Inconel 718 was shown to be compatible with G/E. Six tests were made to study corrosion protective methods for eliminating galvanic corrosion in the cases of D6AC steel and 6061-T6 aluminum coupled to G/E. These results indicate that, when the G/E is completely coated with paint or a paint/polyurethane resin combination, satisfactory protection of the D6AC steel is achieved with either a coat of zinc-rich primer or a primer/topcoat combination. Likewise, satisfactory corrosion protection of the aluminum is achieved by coating it with an epoxy coating system.

  5. Étude du comportement structural de l'alliage NC 19 Fe Nb (Inconel 718)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slama, C.; Cizeron, G.

    1997-03-01

    In the as-received state (following a double treatment at 720 and 620 °C), the structure of INC 718 consists of a γ matrix, intergranular β precipitates and (Nb,Ti)C carbides; moreover, γ{'} and γ{''} phases have precipitated in the matrix. Using different methods, the structural behaviour was analyzed which led to distinguish the temperature ranges in which occurs precipitation or dissolution of β, γ{'} and γ{''} phases on heating and to define the optimum conditions of homogeneization. Furthermore a CCT diagram for INC 718 has been drawn showing the respective precipitation of γ{'}, γ{''} and β phases as a function of the cooling rate applied from 990 °C. L'étude de l'alliage Inconel 718 (NC 19 Fe Nb) a permis de montrer que sa structure, dans l'état de livraison (après double revenu à 720 puis 620 °C), consiste en une matrice γ avec des précipités β intergranulaires et des carbures du type (Nb,Ti) C ; en outre, la matrice contient des précipités des phases γ{''} et γ{'}. L'analyse du comportement structural de l'alliage à l'aide de différentes méthodes physiques a conduit à délimiter les domaines de température dans lesquels interviennent, au chauffage, la précipitation ou la dissolution des phases β, γ{'}, γ{''} et de définir les conditions optimales d'homogénéisation. Le diagramme T.R.C. de l'Inconel 718 a ensuite été tracé : les intervalles de température dans lesquels interviennent les précipitations respectives des phases γ{'}, γ{''} et β en fonction de la vitesse de refroidissement imposée depuis 990 °C, ont ainsi pu être précisés.

  6. 48 CFR 750.7110-4 - Processing by M/OAA Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Processing by M/OAA... Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7110-4 Processing by M/OAA Director. When the action memorandum has been determined to be as accurate and complete as possible and has been prepared in accordance...

  7. 48 CFR 750.7110-4 - Processing by M/OAA Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Processing by M/OAA... Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7110-4 Processing by M/OAA Director. When the action memorandum has been determined to be as accurate and complete as possible and has been prepared in accordance...

  8. 48 CFR 750.7110-4 - Processing by M/OAA Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Processing by M/OAA... Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7110-4 Processing by M/OAA Director. When the action memorandum has been determined to be as accurate and complete as possible and has been prepared in accordance...

  9. Combination of Ultrasonic Vibration and Cryogenic Cooling for Cutting Performance Improvement of Inconel 718 Turning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, S. Y.; Chung, C. T.; Cheng, Y. Y.

    2011-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to develop a thermo-elastic-plastic coupling model, based on a combination skill of ultrasonically assisted cutting and cryogenic cooling, under large deformation for Inconel 718 alloy machining process. The improvement extent on cutting performance and tool life promotion may be examined from this investigation. The critical value of the strain energy density of the workpiece will be utilized as the chip separation and the discontinuous chip segmentation criteria. The forced convection cooling and a hydrodynamic lubrication model will be considered and formulated in the model. Finite element method will be applied to create a complete numerical solution for this ultrasonic vibration cutting model. During the analysis, the cutting tool is incrementally advanced forward with superimposed ultrasonic vibration in a back and forth step-by-step manner, from an incipient stage of tool-workpiece engagement to a steady state of chip formation, a whole simulation of orthogonal cutting process under plane strain deformation is thus undertaken. High shear strength induces a fluctuation phenomenon of shear angle, high shear strain rate, variation of chip types and chip morphology, tool-chip contact length variation, the temperature distributions within the workpiece, chip and tool, periodic fluctuation in cutting forces can be determined from the developed model. A complete comparison of machining characteristics between some different combinations of ultrasonically assisted cutting and cryogenic cooling with conventional cutting operation can be acquired. Finally, the high-speed turning experiment for Inconel 718 alloy will be taken in the laboratory to validate the accuracy of the model, and the progressive flank wear, crater wear, notching and chipping of the tool edge can also be measured in the experiments.

  10. A randomized controlled clinical trial of levofloxacin 750 mg versus 500 mg intravenous infusion in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Xu; Wu, Ju-Fang; Xiu, Qing-Yu; Wang, Chen; Zhang, De-Ping; Huang, Jian-An; Xie, Can-Mao; Sun, Sheng-Hua; Lv, Xiao-Ju; Si, Bin; Xiao, Zu-Ke; Zhang, Ying-Yuan

    2014-10-01

    The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of levofloxacin 750 mg for 5 days versus 500 mg for 7-14 days intravenous (IV) in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). This clinical trial was the first of its kind conducted in Chinese people and also in Asian population. A total of 241 were enrolled and randomized to 750 mg group (n = 121) or 500 mg (n = 120) group from 10 study centers. The median treatment duration was 5.0 days in 750 mg and 9.0 days in 500 mg group. The median total dose was 3750 mg in 750 mg and 4500 mg in 500 mg group. The bacterial eradication rate was 100% in both groups. The overall efficacy rate in 750 mg group was 86.2% (94/109), and 84.7% (94/111), in 500 mg group of full analysis set visit 4, 95% confidence interval of 1.6% (-7.8-10.9%); the statistical results showed that 750 mg group was non-inferior to 500 mg group. The most common clinical adverse drug reactions were injection site adverse reactions in both 750 mg group and 500 mg group; the other common adverse drug reactions were insomnia, nausea, skin rash, etc. The most common drug-related laboratory abnormalities were neutrophil percentage decreased, decreased white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase elevation in both 750 mg group and 500 mg group. Most of adverse drug reactions were mild in severity and well-tolerated. In summary, the regimen of levofloxacin 750 mg IV for 5 days was at least as effective and well tolerated as 500 mg IV for 7-14 days for the treatment of CAP. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  11. 23 CFR 750.711 - Structures which have never displayed advertising material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Structures which have never displayed advertising... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.711 Structures which have never displayed advertising material. Structures, including poles, which have never displayed...

  12. Incremental Feeding High-Pressure Sliding for Grain Refinement of Large-Scale Sheets: Application to Inconel 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takizawa, Yoichi; Sumikawa, Kosei; Watanabe, Kyohei; Masuda, Takahiro; Yumoto, Manabu; Kanai, Yuta; Otagiri, Yoshiharu; Horita, Zenji

    2018-03-01

    This study updates a process of high-pressure sliding (HPS) recently developed as a severe plastic deformation process under high pressure for grain refinement of sheet samples. The updated version, which we call the incremental feeding HPS (IF-HPS), consists of sliding for SPD and feeding for upsizing the SPD-processed area so that, without increasing the capacity of processing facility, it is possible to cover a much larger area with an SPD-processed ultrafine-grained structure with a grain size of 120 nm. For the IF-HPS processing, anvils with flat surfaces but without grooves are used in an unconstrained condition, and the feeding distance is set equal to the deformed width. A Ni-based superalloy (Inconel 718) is processed by the IF-HPS under 4 GPa at room temperature, and it is possible to obtain an SPD-processed sheet with dimensions of approximately 100 × 100 × 1 mm3. Strain distribution and evolution were examined by hardness measurement and simulation using a finite element method. Tensile tests were conducted using tensile specimens extracted from the IF-HPS-processed sheet. Advent of high strain rate superplasticity with the total elongation of more than 400 pct was confirmed by pulling the tensile specimens with an initial strain rate of 2.0 × 10-2 s-1 at a temperature as low as 1073 K. The formability of the IF-HPS-processed sheet was confirmed by successful cup forming. It was also confirmed that the restoration after the superplastic deformation was feasible by subjecting to conventional heat treatment used for Inconel 718.

  13. Pharmacokinetics of intravenous levofloxacin administered at 750 milligrams in obese adults.

    PubMed

    Cook, Aaron M; Martin, Craig; Adams, Val R; Morehead, R Scott

    2011-07-01

    The physiochemical properties of levofloxacin suggest that it is an agent which may exhibit altered pharmacokinetics in obese individuals. The purpose of this study was to describe the pharmacokinetics of a single 750-mg intravenous dose of levofloxacin in both hospitalized and ambulatory obese individuals. The hypothesis was that a standard dose of levofloxacin in obese individuals would achieve serum concentrations likely to be therapeutic. A single levofloxacin dose of 750 mg was infused over 90 min, and seven serial serum samples were subsequently obtained to evaluate the pharmacokinetics after the first dose. The peak concentrations of levofloxacin were comparable to those seen with normal-weight individuals. However, the area under the concentration-time curve and clearance were quite variable. Accelerated clearance was evident in the ambulatory obese individuals. Further investigation of the effects of obesity on the pharmacokinetics of levofloxacin is necessary to ensure optimal dosing.

  14. 23 CFR 750.709 - On-property or on-premise advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., it shall be considered the business of outdoor advertising and not an on-property sign. (c) A sale or lease sign which also advertises any product or service not conducted upon and unrelated to the business... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false On-property or on-premise advertising. 750.709 Section...

  15. 48 CFR 750.7110-4 - Processing by M/OAA Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Processing by M/OAA... Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7110-4 Processing by M/OAA Director. When the action... with this subpart, M/OAA/E will forward the action memorandum to the M/OAA Director. The M/OAA Director...

  16. 48 CFR 750.7110-4 - Processing by M/OAA Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Processing by M/OAA... Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7110-4 Processing by M/OAA Director. When the action... with this subpart, M/OAA/E will forward the action memorandum to the M/OAA Director. The M/OAA Director...

  17. Investigation of failure to separate an Inconel 718 frangible nut

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoffman, William C., III; Hohmann, Carl

    1994-01-01

    The 2.5-inch frangible nut is used in two places to attach the Space Shuttle Orbiter to the External Tank. It must be capable of sustaining structural loads and must also separate into two pieces upon command. Structural load capability is verified by proof loading each flight nut, while ability to separate is verified on a sample of a production lot. Production lots of frangible nuts beginning in 1987 experienced an inability to reliably separate using one of two redundant explosive boosters. The problems were identified in lot acceptance tests, and the cause of failure has been attributed to differences in the response of the Inconel 718. Subsequent tests performed on the frangible nuts resulted in design modifications to the nuts along with redesign of the explosive booster to reliably separate the frangible nut. The problem history along with the design modifications to both the explosive booster and frangible nut are discussed in this paper. Implications of this failure experience impact any pyrotechnic separation system involving fracture of materials with respect to design margin control and lot acceptance testing.

  18. Friction Freeform Fabrication of Superalloy Inconel 718: Prospects and Problems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dilip, J. J. S.; Janaki Ram, G. D.

    2014-01-01

    Friction Freeform Fabrication is a new solid-state additive manufacturing process. The present investigation reports a detailed study on the prospects of this process for additive part fabrication in superalloy Inconel 718. Using a rotary friction welding machine and employing alloy 718 consumable rods in solution treated condition, cylindrical-shaped multi-layer friction deposits (10 mm diameter) were successfully produced. In the as-deposited condition, the deposits showed very fine grain size with no grain boundary δ phase. The deposits responded well to direct aging and showed satisfactory room-temperature tensile properties. However, their stress rupture performance was unsatisfactory because of their layered microstructure with very fine grain size and no grain boundary δ phase. The problem was overcome by heat treating the deposits first at 1353 K (1080 °C) (for increasing the grain size) and then at 1223 K (950 °C) (for precipitating the δ phase). Overall, the current study shows that Friction Freeform Fabrication is a very useful process for additive part fabrication in alloy 718.

  19. Comparative Thermal Aging Effects on PM-HIP and Forged Inconel 690

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bullens, Alexander L.; Bautista, Esteban; Jaye, Elizabeth H.; Vas, Nathaniel L.; Cain, Nathan B.; Mao, Keyou; Gandy, David W.; Wharry, Janelle P.

    2018-03-01

    This study compares thermal aging effects in Inconel 690 (IN690) produced by forging and powder metallurgy with hot isostatic pressing (PM-HIP). Isothermal aging is carried out over 400-800°C for up to 1000 h and then metallography and nanoindentation are utilized to relate grain microstructure with hardness and yield strength. The PM-HIP IN690 maintains a constant grain size through all aging conditions, while the forged IN690 exhibits limited grain growth at the highest aging temperature and longest aging time. The PM-HIP IN690 exhibits comparable mechanical integrity as the forged material throughout aging: hardness and yield strength are unchanged with 100 h aging, but increase after 1000 h aging at all temperatures. In both the PM-HIP and forged IN690, the Hall-Petch relationship for Ni-based superalloys predicts yield strength for 0-100 h aged specimens, but underestimates yield strength in the 1000 h aged specimens because of thermally induced precipitation.

  20. Reactivity Studies of Inconel 625 with Sodium, and Lunar Regolith Stimulant

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gillies, Donald; Salvail, Pat; Reid, Bob; Colebaugh, James; Easterling, Greg

    2008-01-01

    In the event of the need for nuclear power in exploration, high flux heat pipes will be needed for heat transfer from space nuclear reactors to various energy conversion devices, and to safely dissipate excess heat. Successful habitation will necessitate continuous operation of alkali metal filled heat pipes for 10 or-more years in a hostile environment with little maintenance. They must be chemical and creep resistant in the high vacuum of space (lunar), and they must operate reliably in low gravity conditions with intermittent high radiation fluxes. One candidate material for the heat pipe shell, namely Inconel 625, has been tested to determine its compatibility with liquid sodium. Any reactivity could manifest itself as a problem over the long time periods anticipated. In addition, possible reactions with the lunar regolith will take place, as will evaporation of selected elements at the external surfaces of the heat pipes, and so there is a need for extensive long-term testing under simulated lunar conditions.

  1. Fracture control method for composite tanks with load sharing liners

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bixler, W. D.

    1975-01-01

    The experimental program was based on the premise that the plastic sizing cycle, which each pressure vessel is subjected to prior to operation, acts as an effective proof test of the liner, screening out all flaws or cracks larger than a critical size. In doing so, flaw growth potential is available for cyclic operation at pressures less than the sizing pressure. Static fracture and cyclic life tests, involving laboratory type specimens and filament overwrapped tanks, were conducted on three liner materials: (1) 2219-T62 aluminum, (2) Inconel X750 STA, and (3) cryoformed 301 stainless steel. Variables included material condition, thickness, flaw size, flaw shape, temperature, sizing stress level, operating stress level and minimum-to-maximum operating stress ratio. From the empirical data base obtained, a procedure was established by which the service life of composite tanks with load sharing liners could be guaranteed with a high degree of confidence.

  2. Evaluation of surface integrity of WEDM processed inconel 718 for jet engine application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Priyaranjan; Tripathy, Ashis; Sahoo, Narayan

    2018-03-01

    A unique superalloy, Inconel 718 has been serving for aerospace industries since last two decades. Due to its attractive properties such as high strength at elevated temperature, improved corrosion and oxidation resistance, it is widely employed in the manufacturing of jet engine components. These components require complex shape without affecting the parent material properties. Traditional machining methods seem to be ineffective to fulfil the demand of aircraft industries. Therefore, an advanced feature of wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) has been utilized to improve the surface features of the jet engine components. With the help of trim-offset technology, it became possible to achieve considerable amount of residual stresses, lower peak to valley height, reduced density of craters and micro globules, minimum hardness alteration and negligible recast layer formation.

  3. Effect of cutting fluids and cutting conditions on surface integrity and tool wear in turning of Inconel 713C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hikiji, R.

    2018-01-01

    The trend toward downsizing of engines helps to increase the number of turbochargers around Europe. As for the turbocharger, the temperature of the exhaust gas is so high that the parts made of nickel base super alloy Inconel 713C are used as high temperature strength metals. External turning of Inconel 713C which is used as the actual automotive parts was carried out. The effect of the cutting fluids and cutting conditions on the surface integrity and tool wear was investigated, considering global environment and cost performance. As a result, in the range of the cutting conditions used this time, when the depth of cut was small, the good surface integrity and tool life were obtained. However, in the case of the large corner radius, it was found that the more the cutting length increased, the more the tool wear increased. When the cutting length is so large, the surface integrity and tool life got worse. As for the cutting fluids, it was found that the synthetic type showed better performance in the surface integrity and tool life than the conventional emulsion. However, it was clear that the large corner radius made the surface roughness and tool life good, but it affected the size error etc. in machining the workpiece held in a cantilever style.

  4. Effect of the As-Forged and Heat-Treated Microstructure on the Room Temperature Anisotropic Ductile Fracture of Inconel 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teimouri, Javad; Hosseini, Seyed Rahman; Farmanesh, Khosro

    2018-05-01

    The purpose of the present work was to investigate the effect of primary carbides and the δ-phase on the anisotropic ductile fracture of Inconel 718 in the forging process. Inconel 718 alloys were prepared by VIM + VAR processes with various carbon contents (0.009 and 0.027 wt.%). Then, the alloys were forged and annealed at temperatures of 980 and 1030 °C. The room temperature mechanical anisotropy of the alloys was evaluated at the longitudinal direction (LD) and transverse direction (TD). Tensile and impact tests were used to characterize the mechanical properties of the specimens. The microstructural characterization and the fractography of the alloys were carried out by FE-SEM. The obtained results showed that the fracture strain and the impact energy in the TD were 30-50% lower than the LD. The fracture was accelerated by the δ-phase, leading to the reduction of impact energy in the longitudinal and the lateral directions up to 50%. The low-carbon alloy indicated similar characteristics in both the LD and the TD. Aligned carbides changed the fracture path from a zigzag path in the LD to a fibrous path in the TD, while the δ-phase created a flat fracture path. The shear lip area ratio in the tensile fracture cross section was decreased by reducing ductility.

  5. Effect of the As-Forged and Heat-Treated Microstructure on the Room Temperature Anisotropic Ductile Fracture of Inconel 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teimouri, Javad; Hosseini, Seyed Rahman; Farmanesh, Khosro

    2018-04-01

    The purpose of the present work was to investigate the effect of primary carbides and the δ-phase on the anisotropic ductile fracture of Inconel 718 in the forging process. Inconel 718 alloys were prepared by VIM + VAR processes with various carbon contents (0.009 and 0.027 wt.%). Then, the alloys were forged and annealed at temperatures of 980 and 1030 °C. The room temperature mechanical anisotropy of the alloys was evaluated at the longitudinal direction (LD) and transverse direction (TD). Tensile and impact tests were used to characterize the mechanical properties of the specimens. The microstructural characterization and the fractography of the alloys were carried out by FE-SEM. The obtained results showed that the fracture strain and the impact energy in the TD were 30-50% lower than the LD. The fracture was accelerated by the δ-phase, leading to the reduction of impact energy in the longitudinal and the lateral directions up to 50%. The low-carbon alloy indicated similar characteristics in both the LD and the TD. Aligned carbides changed the fracture path from a zigzag path in the LD to a fibrous path in the TD, while the δ-phase created a flat fracture path. The shear lip area ratio in the tensile fracture cross section was decreased by reducing ductility.

  6. Volatilization of oxides during oxidation of some superalloys at 1200 C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zaplatynsky, I.

    1977-01-01

    Volatilization of oxides during cyclic oxidation of commercial Nichrome, Inconel 750, Rene 41, Stellite 6B, and GE-1541 was studied at 1200 C in static air. Quantitative analysis of oxide vapor deposits revealed that oxides of tungsten, molybdenum, niobium, manganese, and chromium volatilized preferentially from the oxide scales. Aluminum and silicon were not detected in vapor deposits. For all the alloys except GE-1541 chromium was found to be the main metallic element in the oxide scales.

  7. Volatilization of oxides during oxidation of some superalloys at 1200 C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zaplatynsky, I.

    1977-01-01

    Volatilization of oxides during cyclic oxidation of commercial Nichrome, Inconel 750, Rene 41, Stellite 6B, and GE-1541 was studied at 1200 C in static air. Quantitative analysis of oxide vapor deposits revealed that oxides of tungsten, molybdenum, niobium, manganese, and chromium volatilized preferentially from the oxide scales. Aluminum and silicon were not detected in vapor deposits. For all the alloys except GE-1541, chromium was found to be the main metallic element in the oxide scales.

  8. 33 CFR 80.750 - Sanibel Island, FL to St. Petersburg, FL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanibel Island, FL to St... SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Gulf Coast § 80.750 Sanibel Island, FL to..., between Captiva Island and Sanibel Island, and lines drawn across Redfish and Captiva Passes parallel to...

  9. Preliminary study on pressure brazing and diffusion welding of Nb-1Zr to Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moore, T. J.

    1990-01-01

    Future space power systems may include Nb-1Zr/Inconel 718 dissimilar metal joints for operation at 1000 K for 60,000 h. The serviceability of pressure-brazed and diffusion-welded joints was investigated. Ni-based metallic glass foil filler metals were used for brazing. Ni and Fe foils were used as diffusion welding inter-layers. Joint soundness was determined by metallographic examination in the as-brazed and as-welded condition, after aging at 1000 K, and after thermal cycling. Brazed joints thermally cycled in the as-brazed condition and diffusion-welded joints were unsatisfactory because of cracking problems. Brazed joints may meet the service requirements if the joints are aged at 1000 K prior to thermal cycling.

  10. The effect of prolonged exposure to 750 C air on the tribological performance of PM212

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bemis, Kirk; Bogdanski, Michael S.; Dellacorte, Christopher; Sliney, Harold E.

    1994-01-01

    The effect of prolonged exposure to 750 C air on the tribological performance and dimensional stability of PM212, a high temperature, self-lubricating composite, is studied. PM212, by weight, contains 70 percent metal-bonded Cr3C2, 15 percent BaF2/CaF2 eutectic, and 15 percent silver. Rub blocks were fabricated from PM212 by cold isostatic pressing followed by sintering. Prior to tribo-testing, the rub blocks were exposed to 750 C air for periods ranging from 100 to 1000 hours. Then, the rub blocks were slid against nickel-based superalloy disks in a double-rub-block tribometer in air under a 66 N load at temperatures from 25 to 750 C with a sliding velocity of 0.36 m/s. Unexposed rub blocks were tested for baseline comparison. Friction coefficients ranged from 0.24 to 0.37 for the unexposed rub blocks and from 0.32 to 0.56 for the exposed ones. Wear for both the composite blocks and superalloy disks was typically in the moderate to low range of 10(exp -5) to 10(exp -6) mm(exp 3)/N-m. Friction and wear data were similar for the rub blocks exposed for 100, 500, and 1000 hours. Prolonged exposure to 750 C air increased friction and wear of the PM212 rub blocks at room temperature, but their triboperformance remained unaffected at higher temperatures, probably due to the formation of lubricious metal oxides. Dimensional stability of the composite was studied by exposing specimens of varying thicknesses for 500 hours in air at 750 C. Block thicknesses were found to increase with increased exposure time until steady state was reached after 100 hours of exposure, probably due to oxidation.

  11. Efficacy of 750-mg, 5-day levofloxacin in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia caused by atypical pathogens.

    PubMed

    Dunbar, Lala M; Khashab, Mohammed M; Kahn, James B; Zadeikis, Neringa; Xiang, Jim X; Tennenberg, Alan M

    2004-04-01

    Current recommended durations for treatment of atypical community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) range from 10 to 21 days. However, antibiotics such as the fluoroquinolones may allow for effective, short-course regimens. This study evaluated the efficacy of 750 mg levofloxacin for 5 days compared to a 500-mg, 10-day levofloxacin regimen for the treatment of atypical CAP. A randomized, active-controlled, double-blind, multicenter study was conducted within the United States. Of the 528 patients enrolled in the study, 149 were diagnosed with CAP due to Legionella pneumophila, Chlamydia pneumoniae, or Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Patients' baseline symptoms were re-evaluated on Day 3 of therapy. Clinical efficacy and resolution of CAP symptoms were evaluated at the posttherapy visit (7-14 days after the last dose of active drug). This report represents a subgroup analysis of a previous clinical study. Among the 123 clinically evaluable patients diagnosed with atypical CAP (26 patients were unevaluable), the clinical success rates were 95.5% (63 of 66 patients) for the 750-mg group and 96.5% (55 of 57 patients) for the 500-mg group (95% CI for success rate of the 500-mg group minus that of the 750-mg group, -6.8 to 8.8). At the poststudy evaluation (31-38 days after treatment began), relapse occurred in 750-mg therapy resulted in more rapid symptom resolution, with a significantly greater proportion of patients experiencing resolution of fever by Day 3 of therapy (p = 0.031). The 750-mg, 5-day course of levofloxacin was at least as effective as the 500-mg, 10-day regimen for atypical CAP. Additionally, the 750-mg, short-course levofloxacin therapy may reduce total antimicrobial drug usage and more rapidly relieve pneumonia symptoms.

  12. Determination of Material Constitutive Laws for Inconel 718 Superalloy Under Different Strain Rates and Working Temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grzesik, W.; Niesłony, P.; Laskowski, P.

    2017-12-01

    In this paper, a special procedure for the prediction of parameters of the Johnson-Cook constitutive material models is proposed based on the experimental data and specially developed MATLAB scripts which allow advanced modeling of complex 3D response surfaces. Experimental investigations concern two various strain rates of 10-3 and 101 1/s and the testing temperature ranging from the ambient up to 700 °C. As a result, a set of mathematical equations which fit the experimental data is determined. The applicability of the experimentally derived constitutive models to the FEM modeling of real machining processes of Inconel 718 alloy is verified.

  13. Evaluating the Properties of Dissimilar Metal Welding Between Inconel 625 and 316L Stainless Steel by Applying Different Welding Methods and Consumables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kourdani, Ahmad; Derakhshandeh-Haghighi, Reza

    2018-04-01

    The current work was carried out to characterize welding of Inconel 625 superalloy and 316L stainless steel. In the present study, shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) and gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) with two types of filler metals (ERNiCrMo-3 and ERSS316L) and an electrode (ENiCrMo-3) were utilized. This paper describes the selection of the proper welding method and welding consumables in dissimilar metal joining. During solidification of ERNiCrMo-3 filler metal, Nb and Mo leave dendritic cores and are rejected to inter-dendritic regions. However, ERSS316L filler metal has small amounts of elements with a high tendency for segregation. So, occurrence of constitutional super-cooling for changing the solidification mode from cellular to dendritic or equiaxed is less probable. Using GTAW with lower heat input results in higher cooling rate and finer microstructure and less Nb segregation. The interface between weld metal and base metal and also unmixed zones was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. Microhardness measurements, tensile test, and Charpy impact test were performed to see the effect of these parameters on mechanical properties of the joints.

  14. Photons, photon jets, and dark photons at 750 GeV and beyond.

    PubMed

    Dasgupta, Basudeb; Kopp, Joachim; Schwaller, Pedro

    2016-01-01

    In new physics searches involving photons at the LHC, one challenge is to distinguish scenarios with isolated photons from models leading to "photon jets". For instance, in the context of the 750 GeV diphoton excess, it was pointed out that a true diphoton resonance [Formula: see text] can be mimicked by a process of the form [Formula: see text], where S is a new scalar with a mass of 750 GeV and a is a light pseudoscalar decaying to two collinear photons. Photon jets can be distinguished from isolated photons by exploiting the fact that a large fraction of photons convert to an [Formula: see text] pair inside the inner detector. In this note, we quantify this discrimination power, and we study how the sensitivity of future searches differs for photon jets compared to isolated photons. We also investigate how our results depend on the lifetime of the particle(s) decaying to the photon jet. Finally, we discuss the extension to [Formula: see text], where there are no photons at all but the dark photon [Formula: see text] decays to [Formula: see text] pairs. Our results will be useful in future studies of the putative 750 GeV signal, but also more generally in any new physics search involving hard photons.

  15. Pharmacokinetics of Intravenous Levofloxacin Administered at 750 Milligrams in Obese Adults ▿

    PubMed Central

    Cook, Aaron M.; Martin, Craig; Adams, Val R.; Morehead, R. Scott

    2011-01-01

    The physiochemical properties of levofloxacin suggest that it is an agent which may exhibit altered pharmacokinetics in obese individuals. The purpose of this study was to describe the pharmacokinetics of a single 750-mg intravenous dose of levofloxacin in both hospitalized and ambulatory obese individuals. The hypothesis was that a standard dose of levofloxacin in obese individuals would achieve serum concentrations likely to be therapeutic. A single levofloxacin dose of 750 mg was infused over 90 min, and seven serial serum samples were subsequently obtained to evaluate the pharmacokinetics after the first dose. The peak concentrations of levofloxacin were comparable to those seen with normal-weight individuals. However, the area under the concentration-time curve and clearance were quite variable. Accelerated clearance was evident in the ambulatory obese individuals. Further investigation of the effects of obesity on the pharmacokinetics of levofloxacin is necessary to ensure optimal dosing. PMID:21576432

  16. Penetration of levofloxacin into skin tissue after oral administration of multiple 750 mg once-daily doses.

    PubMed

    Chow, A T; Chen, A; Lattime, H; Morgan, N; Wong, F; Fowler, C; Williams, R R

    2002-04-01

    To probe the pharmacokinetic basis for the use of levofloxacin for complicated skin and skin-structure infections (SSSIs) at a once-daily dosage of 750 mg by investigating its penetration into skin tissue. Ten healthy volunteers were administered three oral, once-daily 750 mg doses of levofloxacin, and levofloxacin concentrations were subsequently measured over time (0.5-24 h) in skin-punch biopsy tissue and plasma. Skin tissue concentrations consistently exceeded those in plasma at every time point, with tissue/plasma ratios of 1.37 +/- 0.81 for peak concentration and 1.97 +/- 0.35 for area under the concentration versus time curve. Three of the ten subjects reported treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) that were considered unrelated to treatment. An 11th subject who had enrolled in the study withdrew after AEs of mild severity that were possibly related to the study drug. The results support the clinical usage of levofloxacin 750 mg once-daily for complicated SSSIs.

  17. Hydrostatic Stress Effect On the Yield Behavior of Inconel 100

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allen, Phillip A.; Wilson, Christopher D.

    2002-01-01

    Classical metal plasticity theory assumes that hydrostatic stress has no effect on the yield and postyield behavior of metals. Recent reexaminations of classical theory have revealed a significant effect of hydrostatic stress on the yield behavior of notched geometries. New experiments and nonlinear finite element analyses (FEA) of Inconel 100 (IN 100) equal-arm bend and double-edge notch tension (DENT) test specimens have revealed the effect of internal hydrostatic tensile stresses on yielding. Nonlinear FEA using the von Mises (yielding is independent of hydrostatic stress) and the Drucker-Prager (yielding is linearly dependent on hydrostatic stress) yield functions was performed. In all test cases, the von Mises constitutive model, which is independent of hydrostatic pressure, overestimated the load for a given displacement or strain. Considering the failure displacements or strains, the Drucker-Prager FEMs predicted loads that were 3% to 5% lower than the von Mises values. For the failure loads, the Drucker Prager FEMs predicted strains that were 20% to 35% greater than the von Mises values. The Drucker-Prager yield function seems to more accurately predict the overall specimen response of geometries with significant internal hydrostatic stress influence.

  18. Ultrasonic guided wave inspection of Inconel 625 brazed lap joints

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Comot, Pierre; Bocher, Philippe; Belanger, Pierre

    2016-04-01

    The aerospace industry has been investigating the use of brazing for structural joints, as a mean of reducing cost and weight. There therefore is a need for a rapid, robust, and cost-effective non-destructive testing method for evaluating the structural integrity of the joints. The mechanical strength of brazed joints depends mainly on the amount of brittle phases in their microstructure. Ultrasonic guided waves offer the possibility of detecting brittle phases in joints using spatio-temporal measurements. Moreover, they offer the opportunity to inspect complex shape joints. This study focused on the development of a technique based on ultrasonic guided waves for the inspection of Inconel 625 lap joints brazed with BNi-2 filler metal. A finite element model of a lap joint was used to optimize the inspection parameters and assess the feasibility of detecting the amount of brittle phases in the joint. A finite element parametric study simulating the input signal shape, the center frequency, and the excitation direction was performed. The simulations showed that the ultrasonic guided wave energy transmitted through, and reflected from, the joints was proportional to the amount of brittle phases in the joint.

  19. Effect of electric discharge machining on the fatigue life of Inconel 718

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jeelani, S.; Collins, M. R.

    1988-01-01

    The effect of electric discharge machining on the fatigue life of Inconel 718 alloy at room temperature was investigated. Data were generated in the uniaxial tension fatigue mode at ambient temperature using flat 3.175 mm thick specimens. The specimens were machined on a wire-cut electric discharge machine at cutting speeds ranging from 0.5 to 2 mm per minute. The specimens were fatigued at a selected stress, and the resulting fatigue lives compared with that of the virgin material. The surfaces of the fatigued specimens were examined under optical and scanning electron microscopes, and the roughness of the surfaces was measured using a standard profilometer. From the results of the investigation, it was concluded that the fatigue life of the specimens machined using EDM decreased slightly as compared with that of the virgin material, but remained unchanged as the cutting speed was changed. The results are explained using data produced employing microhardness measurements, profilometry, and optical and scanning microscopy.

  20. From the 750 GeV diphoton resonance to multilepton excesses

    SciTech Connect

    Bae, Kyu Jung; Chen, Chuan-Ren; Hamaguchi, Koichi

    2016-07-01

    Weakly coupled models for the 750 GeV diphoton resonance often invoke new particles carrying both color and/or electric charges to mediate loop-induced couplings of the resonance to two gluons and two photons. The new colored particles may not be stable and could decay into final states containing standard model particles. We consider an electroweak doublet of vectorlike quarks (VLQs) carrying electric charges of 5/3 and 2/3, respectively, which mediate the loop-induced couplings of the 750 GeV resonance. If the VLQ has a mass at around 1 TeV, it naturally gives rise to the observed diphoton signal strength while all couplingsmore » remain perturbative up to a high scale. At the same time, if the charge-5/3 VLQ decays into final states containing top quark and W boson, it would contribute to the multilepton excesses observed in both run 1 and run 2 data. It is also possible to incorporate a dark matter candidate in the decay final states to explain the observed relic density.« less

  1. Diffuse phase ferroelectric vs. Polomska transition in (1-x) BiFeO3-(x) Ba Zr0.025Ti0.975O3 (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) solid solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jha, Pardeep K.; Jha, Priyanka A.; Singh, Vikash; Kumar, Pawan; Asokan, K.; Dwivedi, R. K.

    2015-01-01

    Investigations on the solid solutions (1-x) BiFeO3 - (x) Ba Zr0.025Ti0.975O3 (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) in the temperature range 300-750 K show colossal permittivity behavior and the occurrence of diffuse phase ferroelectric transition along with frequency dependent anomaly which disappears at temperature ˜450 K. For x = 0.3, these anomalies have been verified through differential scanning calorimetry and dielectric/impedance/conductivity measurements. The occurrence of peak in pyrocurrent (dPs/dT) vs. T plots also supports phase transition. With the increasing x, transition temperature decreases and diffusivity increases. This anomaly is absent at high frequencies (>100 kHz) in conductivity plots, indicating Polomska like surface phase transition, which is supported by modulus study.

  2. Magnetic, dielectric properties, and scaling behaviors of Aurivillius compounds Bi6-x/3Fe2Ti3-2x(WCo)xO18 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.15)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zuo, X. Z.; Yang, J.; Yuan, B.; Song, D. P.; Tang, X. W.; Zhang, K. J.; Zhu, X. B.; Song, W. H.; Dai, J. M.; Sun, Y. P.

    2015-03-01

    We investigate the structural, magnetic, dielectric properties, and scaling behaviors of Aurivillius compounds Bi6-x/3Fe2Ti3-2x(WCo)xO18 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.15). The room-temperature weak ferromagnetism is observed for the W/Co co-doped samples. The results of the dielectric constant ɛr, complex impedance Z ″ , the dc conductivity σdc, and hopping frequency fH manifest that the dielectric relaxation of the x = 0 sample and the doped samples in the dielectric anomaly region (450-750 K) can be ascribed to the trap-controlled ac conduction around the doubly ionized oxygen vacancies and the localized hopping process of oxygen vacancies, respectively. The scaling behaviors reveal that the dynamic process of both electrons in the x = 0 sample and oxygen vacancies in the doped samples is temperature independent. The ferroelectric Curie-temperature Tc decreases slightly from 973 K to 947 K with increasing the doping level of W/Co. In addition, the dielectric loss exhibits a dielectric relaxation above 800 K with the rather large activation energies (1.95 eV ≤ Ea ≤ 2.72 eV).

  3. X-33 Base Region Thermal Protection System Design Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lycans, Randal W.

    1998-01-01

    The X-33 is an advanced technology demonstrator for validating critical technologies and systems required for an operational Single-Stage-to-Orbit (SSTO) Reusuable Launch Vehicle (RLV). Currently under development by a unique contractor/government team led by Lockheed- Martin Skunk Works (LMSW), and managed by Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the X-33 will be the prototype of the first new launch system developed by the United States since the advent of the space shuttle. This paper documents a design trade study of the X-33 base region thermal protection system (TPS). Two candidate designs were evaluated for thermal performance and weight. The first candidate was a fully reusable metallic TPS using Inconel honeycomb panels insulated with high temperature fibrous insulation, while the second was an ablator/insulator sprayed on the metallic skin of the vehicle. The TPS configurations and insulation thickness requirements were determined for the predicted main engine plume heating environments and base region entry aerothermal environments. In addition to thermal analysis of the design concepts, sensitivity studies were performed to investigate the effect of variations in key parameters of the base TPS analysis.

  4. Experimental test program for evaluation of solid lubricant coating as applied to compliant foil gas bearings to 315 deg C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wagner, R. C.

    1985-01-01

    An experimental apparatus and test procedure was developed to compare the performance of two solid lubricant coatings for air lubricated compliant foil gas bearings in the temperature range of 25 to 315 C. Polyimide bonded additive (SBGC) were tested extensively for durability and frictional characteristics. A partial arc bearing constructed of Inconel X-750 was coated on the bore with one of these coatings. The foil was subjected to repeated start/stop cycles. Performance comparisons reveal that although both coatings survive thousands of start/stop cycles, only the PBGF coated bearing achieves the specified 9000 start/stops. There is enough wear on the SBGC coated bearing to warrant termination of the test prior to 9000 start/stop cycles due to coating failure. The frictional characteristics of the PBGF are better at the elevated temperatures than at lower temperatures; a marked increase in sliding friction occurs as the temperature decreases. The SBGC maintains relatively constant frictional characteristics independent of operating temperature.

  5. Friction and Wear Characteristics of a Modified Composite Solid Lubricant Plasma Spray Coating

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stanford, M. K.; DellaCorte, C.

    2004-01-01

    LCR304 is a solid lubricant coating composed of Ni-10Cr, Cr2O3, BaF2-CaF2 and Ag and developed for dimensional stability in high temperature air. This coating is a modification of PS304, which differs in that the Ni-Cr constituent contains 20wt% Cr. The tribological characteristics of LCR304 were evaluated by pin-on-disk and foil air bearing rig testing from 25 to 650 C and compared to previous test results with PS304. For both tests, the friction coefficient decreased as temperature increased from 25 to 650 C. Wear generally decreased with increasing temperature for all pin-on-disk tests. LCR304 coated components produced the least wear of Inconel X-750 counterface materials at 427 and 650 C. These results indicate that the LCR304 coating has potential as a replacement for PS304 in, for example, low cycle (minimum wear) applications where dimensional stability is imperative.

  6. Laser Engineered Net Shaping of Nickel-Based Superalloy Inconel 718 Powders onto AISI 4140 Alloy Steel Substrates: Interface Bond and Fracture Failure Mechanism

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Hoyeol; Cong, Weilong; Zhang, Hong-Chao; Liu, Zhichao

    2017-01-01

    As a prospective candidate material for surface coating and repair applications, nickel-based superalloy Inconel 718 (IN718) was deposited on American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) 4140 alloy steel substrate by laser engineered net shaping (LENS) to investigate the compatibility between two dissimilar materials with a focus on interface bonding and fracture behavior of the hybrid specimens. The results show that the interface between the two dissimilar materials exhibits good metallurgical bonding. Through the tensile test, all the fractures occurred in the as-deposited IN718 section rather than the interface or the substrate, implying that the as-deposited interlayer bond strength is weaker than the interfacial bond strength. From the fractography using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy disperse X-ray spectrometry (EDS), three major factors affecting the tensile fracture failure of the as-deposited part are (i) metallurgical defects such as incompletely melted powder particles, lack-of-fusion porosity, and micropores; (ii) elemental segregation and Laves phase, and (iii) oxide formation. The fracture failure mechanism is a combination of all these factors which are detrimental to the mechanical properties and structural integrity by causing premature fracture failure of the as-deposited IN718. PMID:28772702

  7. Laser Engineered Net Shaping of Nickel-Based Superalloy Inconel 718 Powders onto AISI 4140 Alloy Steel Substrates: Interface Bond and Fracture Failure Mechanism.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hoyeol; Cong, Weilong; Zhang, Hong-Chao; Liu, Zhichao

    2017-03-25

    As a prospective candidate material for surface coating and repair applications, nickel-based superalloy Inconel 718 (IN718) was deposited on American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) 4140 alloy steel substrate by laser engineered net shaping (LENS) to investigate the compatibility between two dissimilar materials with a focus on interface bonding and fracture behavior of the hybrid specimens. The results show that the interface between the two dissimilar materials exhibits good metallurgical bonding. Through the tensile test, all the fractures occurred in the as-deposited IN718 section rather than the interface or the substrate, implying that the as-deposited interlayer bond strength is weaker than the interfacial bond strength. From the fractography using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy disperse X-ray spectrometry (EDS), three major factors affecting the tensile fracture failure of the as-deposited part are (i) metallurgical defects such as incompletely melted powder particles, lack-of-fusion porosity, and micropores; (ii) elemental segregation and Laves phase, and (iii) oxide formation. The fracture failure mechanism is a combination of all these factors which are detrimental to the mechanical properties and structural integrity by causing premature fracture failure of the as-deposited IN718.

  8. 7 CFR 782.12 - Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat. 782.12 Section 782.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS END-USE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM Implementation of the End-Use...

  9. 7 CFR 782.12 - Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat. 782.12 Section 782.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS END-USE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM Implementation of the End-Use...

  10. 7 CFR 782.12 - Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat. 782.12 Section 782.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS END-USE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM Implementation of the End-Use...

  11. 7 CFR 782.12 - Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat. 782.12 Section 782.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS END-USE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM Implementation of the End-Use...

  12. 7 CFR 782.12 - Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Filing FSA-750, End-Use Certificate for Wheat. 782.12 Section 782.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS END-USE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM Implementation of the End-Use...

  13. Relationship of mechanical characteristics and microstructural features to the time-dependent edge notch sensitivity of inconel 718 sheet

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, D. J.

    1971-01-01

    Time-dependent notch sensitivity of Inconel 718 sheet was observed at 900 F to 1200 F (482 - 649 C). It occurred when edge-notched specimens were loaded below the yield strength and smooth specimen tests showed that small amounts of creep consumed large rupture life fractions. The severity of the notch sensitivity was reduced by decreasing the solution temperature, increasing the time and/or temperature of aging and increasing the test temperature to 1400 F (760 C). Elimination of time-dependent notch sensitivity correlated with a change in dislocation motion mechanism from shearing to by-passing precipitate particles.

  14. Temperature Measurement and Numerical Prediction in Machining Inconel 718

    PubMed Central

    Tapetado, Alberto; Vázquez, Carmen; Miguélez, Henar

    2017-01-01

    Thermal issues are critical when machining Ni-based superalloy components designed for high temperature applications. The low thermal conductivity and extreme strain hardening of this family of materials results in elevated temperatures around the cutting area. This elevated temperature could lead to machining-induced damage such as phase changes and residual stresses, resulting in reduced service life of the component. Measurement of temperature during machining is crucial in order to control the cutting process, avoiding workpiece damage. On the other hand, the development of predictive tools based on numerical models helps in the definition of machining processes and the obtainment of difficult to measure parameters such as the penetration of the heated layer. However, the validation of numerical models strongly depends on the accurate measurement of physical parameters such as temperature, ensuring the calibration of the model. This paper focuses on the measurement and prediction of temperature during the machining of Ni-based superalloys. The temperature sensor was based on a fiber-optic two-color pyrometer developed for localized temperature measurements in turning of Inconel 718. The sensor is capable of measuring temperature in the range of 250 to 1200 °C. Temperature evolution is recorded in a lathe at different feed rates and cutting speeds. Measurements were used to calibrate a simplified numerical model for prediction of temperature fields during turning. PMID:28665312

  15. Temperature Measurement and Numerical Prediction in Machining Inconel 718.

    PubMed

    Díaz-Álvarez, José; Tapetado, Alberto; Vázquez, Carmen; Miguélez, Henar

    2017-06-30

    Thermal issues are critical when machining Ni-based superalloy components designed for high temperature applications. The low thermal conductivity and extreme strain hardening of this family of materials results in elevated temperatures around the cutting area. This elevated temperature could lead to machining-induced damage such as phase changes and residual stresses, resulting in reduced service life of the component. Measurement of temperature during machining is crucial in order to control the cutting process, avoiding workpiece damage. On the other hand, the development of predictive tools based on numerical models helps in the definition of machining processes and the obtainment of difficult to measure parameters such as the penetration of the heated layer. However, the validation of numerical models strongly depends on the accurate measurement of physical parameters such as temperature, ensuring the calibration of the model. This paper focuses on the measurement and prediction of temperature during the machining of Ni-based superalloys. The temperature sensor was based on a fiber-optic two-color pyrometer developed for localized temperature measurements in turning of Inconel 718. The sensor is capable of measuring temperature in the range of 250 to 1200 °C. Temperature evolution is recorded in a lathe at different feed rates and cutting speeds. Measurements were used to calibrate a simplified numerical model for prediction of temperature fields during turning.

  16. LiAl xCo 1- xO 2 as 4 V cathodes for lithium ion batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Haitao; Rao, G. V. Subba; Chowdari, B. V. R.

    Nominal LiAl xCo 1- xO 2 with x ranging from 0.1 to 0.3 was prepared by heating mixture of Al(OH) 3, Co 3O 4 and LiOH at 750°C in air. The effect of substitution of non-transition metal, Al, in LiCoO 2 is investigated as a 4 V cathode for lithium ion. X-ray diffraction (XRD) indicates formation of a single phase (R3¯m) within this range of substitution. When cycled between 4.5 and 2.5 V vs. Li/Li + at a current density of 1 mA cm -2, the LiAl 0.15Co 0.85O 2 cathode exhibits reversible capacity of 160 mA h g -1 initially. XRD of the cathode made at the end of 10 cycles reveals no significant change on host structure.

  17. 42 CFR 423.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a... Medicare beneficiaries by a Part D plan sponsor. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in...

  18. 42 CFR 423.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a... Medicare beneficiaries by a Part D plan sponsor. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in...

  19. Quality of fresh-cut purple fleshed sweet potatoes after x-ray irradiation treatment and refrigerated storage

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The effect of x-ray irradiation on the quality of fresh-cut, refrigerated purple-fleshed sweetpotato (PFSP) cubes was investigated. Packaged sweetpotato cubes were treated with 0, 250, 500, 750 or 1000 Gy x-ray irradiation and stored at 4 ± 1 ºC for 14 days. After 14 days, total aerobic bacteria cou...

  20. 750 GeV diphoton resonance and inflation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamada, Yuta; Noumi, Toshifumi; Shiu, Gary; Sun, Sichun

    2016-06-01

    We study the possibility of a heavy scalar or pseudoscalar in TeV-scale beyond the Standard Model scenarios being the inflaton of the early universe in light of the recent O (750 ) GeV diphoton excess at the LHC. We consider a scenario in which the new scalar or pseudoscalar couples to the Standard Model gauge bosons at the loop level through new massive Standard Model charged vectorlike fermions with or without dark fermions. We calculate the renormalization group running of both the Standard Model and the new scalar couplings, and present two different models that are perturbative, with a stabilized vacuum up to near the Planck scale. Thus, the Standard Model Higgs and this possible new resonance may still preserve the minimalist features of Higgs inflation.

  1. Surface chemistry, microstructure and friction properties of some ferrous-base metallic glasses at temperatures to 750 C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miyoshi, K.; Buckley, D. H.

    1982-01-01

    X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, transmission electron microscopy, diffraction studies, and sliding friction experiments were conducted with ferrous-base metallic glasses in sliding contact with aluminum oxide at temperatures from room to 750 C in a vacuum of 30 nPa. The results indicate that there is a significant temperature influence on the friction properties, surface chemistry, and microstructure of metallic glasses. The relative concentrations of the various constituents at the surface of the sputtered specimens were very different from the normal bulk compositions. Contaminants can come from the bulk of the material to the surface upon heating and impart boric oxide and silicon oxide at 350 C and boron nitride above 500 C. The coefficient of friction increased with increasing temperature to 350 C. Above 500 C the coefficient of friction decreased rapidly. The segregation of contaminants may be responsible for the friction behavior.

  2. Implications of the 750 GeV γγ Resonance as a Case Study for the International Linear Collider

    SciTech Connect

    Fujii, Keisuke; Grojean, Christophe; Peskin, Michael E.

    If the γγ resonance at 750 GeV suggested by 2015 LHC data turns out to be a real effect, what are the implications for the physics case and upgrade path of the International Linear Collider? Whether or not the resonance is confirmed, this question provides an interesting case study testing the robustness of the ILC physics case. In this note, we address this question with two points: (1) Almost all models proposed for the new 750 GeV particle require additional new particles with electroweak couplings. The key elements of the 500 GeV ILC physics program - precision measurements of themore » Higgs boson, the top quark, and 4-fermion interactions - will powerfully discriminate among these models. This information will be important in conjunction with new LHC data, or alone, if the new particles accompanying the 750 GeV resonance are beyond the mass reach of the LHC. (2) Over a longer term, the energy upgrade of the ILC to 1 TeV already discussed in the ILC TDR will enable experiments in γγ and e +e - collisions to directly produce and study the 750 GeV particle from these unique initial states.« less

  3. 2. OVERVIEW OF STRUCTURES S748, S749 AND S750, FACING NORTHEAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. OVERVIEW OF STRUCTURES S748, S749 AND S750, FACING NORTHEAST (From West End of Tank Farm) - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Bulk Fuel Storage Tank Type, Middle Tank Farm, east of North Road, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  4. 42 CFR 422.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... § 422.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following intermediate... organization. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 422.760. [72 FR 68725, Dec. 5, 2007, as...

  5. 42 CFR 422.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... § 422.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following intermediate... organization. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 422.760. [72 FR 68725, Dec. 5, 2007, as...

  6. The Galvanic Corrosion of Graphite Epoxy Composite Materials Coupled with Alloys

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-12-01

    Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. 17 DISTR:3UTION STATEMENT (of the absatract entered in Block 10, If different from Report) IS...SUPPLEMENTARY NIOTES 1x6Voved for p ,11c elease; IA14 AFR j,90- 17 .~y C. X Capta~4 USAF Dre c tor’ of Xn f’orma Cion 19. K~EY W OS (Continiue an r.overse...acceptability by particular alloy is as follows: Acceptable-Ti-6A1-4V, Ti-6A!-2Sn-4 Zr-2o, Rene 41, Inconel X, Inconel, AFC-77, PH 17 -7, SS-304, Be-Cu, SS

  7. Geometrical quality evaluation in laser cutting of Inconel-718 sheet by using Taguchi based regression analysis and particle swarm optimization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shrivastava, Prashant Kumar; Pandey, Arun Kumar

    2018-03-01

    The Inconel-718 is one of the most demanding advanced engineering materials because of its superior quality. The conventional machining techniques are facing many problems to cut intricate profiles on these materials due to its minimum thermal conductivity, minimum elastic property and maximum chemical affinity at magnified temperature. The laser beam cutting is one of the advanced cutting method that may be used to achieve the geometrical accuracy with more precision by the suitable management of input process parameters. In this research work, the experimental investigation during the pulsed Nd:YAG laser cutting of Inconel-718 has been carried out. The experiments have been conducted by using the well planned orthogonal array L27. The experimentally measured values of different quality characteristics have been used for developing the second order regression models of bottom kerf deviation (KD), bottom kerf width (KW) and kerf taper (KT). The developed models of different quality characteristics have been utilized as a quality function for single-objective optimization by using particle swarm optimization (PSO) method. The optimum results obtained by the proposed hybrid methodology have been compared with experimental results. The comparison of optimized results with the experimental results shows that an individual improvement of 75%, 12.67% and 33.70% in bottom kerf deviation, bottom kerf width, and kerf taper has been observed. The parametric effects of different most significant input process parameters on quality characteristics have also been discussed.

  8. Levofloxacin 750-mg for 5 days for the treatment of hospitalized Fine Risk Class III/IV community-acquired pneumonia patients.

    PubMed

    Shorr, Andrew F; Khashab, Mohammed M; Xiang, Jim X; Tennenberg, Alan M; Kahn, James B

    2006-12-01

    The efficacy and safety of 750-mg, 5-day levofloxacin was recently shown to be comparable to 500-mg, 10-day levofloxacin in a randomized, double-blind, multicentre clinical trial for mild-to-severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). This subgroup analysis attempted to compare the safety and efficacy of a short-course levofloxacin regimen with traditional levofloxacin dosing for PSI Class III/IV patients. This retrospective, subgroup analysis focused on Pneumonia Severity Index Class III and IV patients enrolled in the study. Measurements included clinical and microbiological success rates, adverse events, and symptom resolution by day 3 of therapy. Of the 528 patients in the ITT population, 219 (41.5%) were categorized as PSI Class III/IV and included in this analysis. Among the clinically evaluable patients, 90.8% (69/76) of patients treated with the 750-mg regimen achieved clinical success, compared with 85.5% (71/83) treated with 500-mg levofloxacin (95% CI,-15.9 to 5.4). Eradication rates in the microbiologically evaluable population were comparable for the 750- and 500-mg regimens (88.9% vs 87.5%, respectively; 95% CI,-18.3 to 15.6). Both regimens were well tolerated and had comparable safety profiles. A greater proportion of patients in the 750-mg treatment group experienced resolution of fever (48.4% vs 34.0%; P=.046) and purulent sputum (48.4% vs 27.5%; P=.007) by day 3 of therapy. The 750-mg, 5-day levofloxacin course achieved comparable clinical and microbiologic efficacy to the 500-mg, 10-day regimen. By day 3 of therapy, a greater proportion of patients in the 750-mg group had objective and subjective resolution of fever. Further research is needed to determine the economic significance of short-course levofloxacin therapy.

  9. 42 CFR 422.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following... organization. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 422.760. [72 FR 68725, Dec. 5, 2007, as...

  10. 42 CFR 423.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... Intermediate Sanctions § 423.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following... by a Part D plan sponsor. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 423.760. [72 FR...

  11. 42 CFR 422.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following... organization. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 422.760. [72 FR 68725, Dec. 5, 2007, as...

  12. 40 CFR 60.750 - Applicability, designation of affected facility, and delegation of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 60.750 Applicability, designation of affected facility, and delegation of authority. (a) The provisions of this subpart apply to each municipal solid waste landfill that commenced construction, reconstruction or modification on or after May 30, 1991...

  13. 40 CFR 60.750 - Applicability, designation of affected facility, and delegation of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 60.750 Applicability, designation of affected facility, and delegation of authority. (a) The provisions of this subpart apply to each municipal solid waste landfill that commenced construction, reconstruction or modification on or after May 30, 1991...

  14. Cutting Zone Temperature Identification During Machining of Nickel Alloy Inconel 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Czán, Andrej; Daniš, Igor; Holubják, Jozef; Zaušková, Lucia; Czánová, Tatiana; Mikloš, Matej; Martikáň, Pavol

    2017-12-01

    Quality of machined surface is affected by quality of cutting process. There are many parameters, which influence on the quality of the cutting process. The cutting temperature is one of most important parameters that influence the tool life and the quality of machined surfaces. Its identification and determination is key objective in specialized machining processes such as dry machining of hard-to-machine materials. It is well known that maximum temperature is obtained in the tool rake face at the vicinity of the cutting edge. A moderate level of cutting edge temperature and a low thermal shock reduce the tool wear phenomena, and a low temperature gradient in the machined sublayer reduces the risk of high tensile residual stresses. The thermocouple method was used to measure the temperature directly in the cutting zone. An original thermocouple was specially developed for measuring of temperature in the cutting zone, surface and subsurface layers of machined surface. This paper deals with identification of temperature and temperature gradient during dry peripheral milling of Inconel 718. The measurements were used to identification the temperature gradients and to reconstruct the thermal distribution in cutting zone with various cutting conditions.

  15. Mechanical characterization of an additively manufactured Inconel 718 theta-shaped specimen

    DOE PAGES

    Cakmak, Ercan; Watkins, Thomas R.; Bunn, Jeffrey R.; ...

    2015-11-20

    Two sets of “theta”-shaped specimens were additively manufactured with Inconel 718 powders using an electron beam melting technique with two distinct scan strategies. Light optical microscopy, mechanical testing coupled with a digital image correlation (DIC) technique, finite element modeling, and neutron diffraction with in situ loading characterizations were conducted. The cross-members of the specimens were the focus. Light optical micrographs revealed that different microstructures were formed with different scan strategies. Ex situ mechanical testing revealed each build to be stable under load until ductility was observed on the cross-members before failure. The elastic moduli were determined by forming a correlationmore » between the elastic tensile stresses determined from FEM, and the elastic strains obtained from DIC. The lattice strains were mapped with neutron diffraction during in situ elastic loading; and a good correlation between the average axial lattice strains on the cross-member and those determined from the DIC analysis was found. Lastly, the spatially resolved stresses in the elastic deformation regime are derived from the lattice strains and increased with applied load, showing a consistent distribution along the cross-member.« less

  16. Mechanical characterization of an additively manufactured Inconel 718 theta-shaped specimen

    SciTech Connect

    Cakmak, Ercan; Watkins, Thomas R.; Bunn, Jeffrey R.

    Two sets of “theta”-shaped specimens were additively manufactured with Inconel 718 powders using an electron beam melting technique with two distinct scan strategies. Light optical microscopy, mechanical testing coupled with a digital image correlation (DIC) technique, finite element modeling, and neutron diffraction with in situ loading characterizations were conducted. The cross-members of the specimens were the focus. Light optical micrographs revealed that different microstructures were formed with different scan strategies. Ex situ mechanical testing revealed each build to be stable under load until ductility was observed on the cross-members before failure. The elastic moduli were determined by forming a correlationmore » between the elastic tensile stresses determined from FEM, and the elastic strains obtained from DIC. The lattice strains were mapped with neutron diffraction during in situ elastic loading; and a good correlation between the average axial lattice strains on the cross-member and those determined from the DIC analysis was found. Lastly, the spatially resolved stresses in the elastic deformation regime are derived from the lattice strains and increased with applied load, showing a consistent distribution along the cross-member.« less

  17. Time-dependent edge notch sensitivity of Inconel 718 sheet in the temperature range 900 to 1400 F (482 to 760 C)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, D. J.

    1972-01-01

    Time-dependent notch sensitivity of Inconel 718 sheet occurred at 900 to 1200 F when notched specimens were loaded below the yield strength, and tests on smooth specimens showed that small amounts of creep consumed large fractions of creep-rupture life. The severity of the notch sensitivity decreased with decreasing solution treatment temperature and increasing time and/or temperature of the aging treatment. Elimination of the notch sensitivity was correlated with a change in the dislocation mechanism from shearing to by-passing precipitate particles.

  18. Experimental study of Fe-Mg- and Ca-distribution between coexisting ortho- and clinopyroxenes at P=294 MPa, T=750 and 800° C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fonarev, V. I.; Graphchikov, A. A.

    1982-07-01

    The Fe-Mg-Ca-distribution was investigated in synthesis experiments and with the mineral assemblage orthopyroxene+clinopyroxene+quartz. The phase compositions were identified by X-ray diffraction and, where possible, by electron microprobe. The attainment of equilibrium in the run products was signalled by the compositions from control runs (different solutions) becoming closely similar, by recycling runs, by the attainment of equilibrium from different directions (depending on the composition of starting phases), and by special kinetic experiments. The study produced the following results: (1) the Ca content of the clinopyroxenes decreases with increasing Fe (mol%) from 48.4 at X {Cpx/Fe}=5 to 39.8 at X {Cpx/Fe}=45 (800° C); from 47.6 at X {Cpx/Fe}= 10 to 41.7 at X {Cpx/Fe}=45 (750° C); increasing temperature expands the stability field of the less calcic clinopyroxenes. (2) The Ca content of orthopyroxenes increases slightly with Fe content from 1.8 at X {Opx/Fe}=20.5 to 3.2 at X {Opx/Fe}=75; the temperature effect on the Ca content under the T, P conditions of the experiment was not large. (3) Fe and Mg distribution between the coexisting ortho-and clinopyroxenes is largely temperature-dependent, particularly in the compositional range X {Opx/Fe}=15 75 mol%; as T increases, Fe redistributes from the rhombic to monoclinic mineral. Preliminary estimates of rock formation temperatures using the obtained data show that most of the known two-pyroxene geothermometers overstate the actual values by 50 150° C.

  19. SU-E-I-22: A Comprehensive Investigation of Noise Variations Between the GE Discovery CT750 HD and GE LightSpeed VCT

    SciTech Connect

    Bache, S; Loyer, E; Stauduhar, P

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To quantify and compare the noise properties between two GE CT models-the Discovery CT750 HD (aka HD750) and LightSpeed VCT, with the overall goal of assessing the impact in clinical diagnostic practice. Methods: Daily QC data from a fleet of 9 CT scanners currently in clinical use were investigated – 5 HD750 and 4 VCT (over 600 total acquisitions for each scanner). A standard GE QC phantom was scanned daily using two sets of scan parameters with each scanner over 1 year. Water CT number and standard deviation were recorded from the image of water section of the QCmore » phantom. The standard GE QC scan parameters (Pitch = 0.516, 120kVp, 0.4s, 335mA, Small Body SFOV, 5mm thickness) and an in-house developed protocol (Axial, 120kVp, 1.0s, 240mA, Head SFOV, 5mm thickness) were used, with Standard reconstruction algorithm. Noise was measured as the standard deviation in the center of the water phantom image. Inter-model noise distributions and tube output in mR/mAs were compared to assess any relative differences in noise properties. Results: With the in-house protocols, average noise for the five HD750 scanners was ∼9% higher than the VCT scanners (5.8 vs 5.3). For the GE QC protocol, average noise with the HD750 scanners was ∼11% higher than with the VCT scanners (4.8 vs 4.3). This discrepancy in noise between the two models was found despite the tube output in mR/mAs being comparable with the HD750 scanners only having ∼4% lower output (8.0 vs 8.3 mR/mAs). Conclusion: Using identical scan protocols, average noise in images from the HD750 group was higher than that from the VCT group. This confirms feedback from an institutional radiologist’s feedback regarding grainier patient images from HD750 scanners. Further investigation is warranted to assess the noise texture and distribution, as well as clinical impact.« less

  20. The devitrification of a LAS glass matrix studied by X-ray powder diffraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rocherullé, Jean; Bénard-Rocherullé, Patricia

    2002-06-01

    The crystallisation kinetics of a Li 0.6Al 0.1Si 0.6O 1.65 glass matrix has been performed by means of X-ray powder diffraction. Data diffraction have shown the simultaneous formation of two crystalline phases Li 2SiO 3 and Li 0.6Al 0.6Si 2.4O 6 (so-called virgilite) for heat treatments conducted at 700 and 750 °C. The kinetic parameters of crystallisation have been determined for each phase from several time-dependent X-ray diffraction studies. The two values of the Avrami exponent, close to 1.5, suggest that crystallisation is controlled by a diffusion process, the nucleation being non-existent in the temperature range from 700 to 750 °C. With regard to the activation energy of the overall crystallisation phenomenon, the values obtained, close to 175 kJ mol -1, provide to this glass a relative ability to crystallise compared to others glasses from MSiAlO systems, where M is an alkaline-earth or a rare-earth element. With respect to the Li 0.6Al 0.6Si 2.4O 6 phase, long time heat treatments at 750 °C have revealed a phase transition from the hexagonal symmetry to the tetragonal one. The corresponding value of the Avrami exponent (i.e., 1) suggests a diffusionless transformation with a one-dimensional growth.

  1. 30 CFR 750.21 - Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN LANDS PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.21 Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals...

  2. 30 CFR 750.21 - Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN LANDS PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.21 Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals...

  3. 30 CFR 750.21 - Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN LANDS PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.21 Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals...

  4. 30 CFR 750.21 - Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN LANDS PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.21 Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals...

  5. 30 CFR 750.21 - Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of... ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN LANDS PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.21 Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals...

  6. Probabilistic material strength degradation model for Inconel 718 components subjected to high temperature, high-cycle and low-cycle mechanical fatigue, creep and thermal fatigue effects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bast, Callie C.; Boyce, Lola

    1995-01-01

    This report presents the results of both the fifth and sixth year effort of a research program conducted for NASA-LeRC by The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA). The research included on-going development of methodology for a probabilistic material strength degradation model. The probabilistic model, in the form of a postulated randomized multifactor equation, provides for quantification of uncertainty in the lifetime material strength of aerospace propulsion system components subjected to a number of diverse random effects. This model is embodied in the computer program entitled PROMISS, which can include up to eighteen different effects. Presently, the model includes five effects that typically reduce lifetime strength: high temperature, high-cycle mechanical fatigue, low-cycle mechanical fatigue, creep and thermal fatigue. Statistical analysis was conducted on experimental Inconel 718 data obtained from the open literature. This analysis provided regression parameters for use as the model's empirical material constants, thus calibrating the model specifically for Inconel 718. Model calibration was carried out for five variables, namely, high temperature, high-cycle and low-cycle mechanical fatigue, creep and thermal fatigue. Methodology to estimate standard deviations of these material constants for input into the probabilistic material strength model was developed. Using an updated version of PROMISS, entitled PROMISS93, a sensitivity study for the combined effects of high-cycle mechanical fatigue, creep and thermal fatigue was performed. Then using the current version of PROMISS, entitled PROMISS94, a second sensitivity study including the effect of low-cycle mechanical fatigue, as well as, the three previous effects was performed. Results, in the form of cumulative distribution functions, illustrated the sensitivity of lifetime strength to any current value of an effect. In addition, verification studies comparing a combination of high-cycle mechanical

  7. Multipacting optimization of a 750 MHz rf dipole

    SciTech Connect

    Delayen, Jean R.; Castillo, Alejandro

    2014-12-01

    Crab crossing schemes have been proposed to re-instate luminosity degradation due to crossing angles at the interaction points in next generation colliders to avoid the use of sharp bending magnets and their resulting large synchrotron radiation generation, highly undessirable in the detector region. The rf dipole has been considered for a different set of applications in several machines, both rings and linear colliders. We present in this paper a study of the effects on the multipacting levels and location depending on geometrical variations on the design for a crabbing/deflecting application in a high current (3/0.5 A), high repetition (750 MHz)more » electron/proton collider, as a matter to provide a comparison point for similar applications of rf dipoles.« less

  8. Unassisted Water Splitting Using a GaSb xP (1- x ) Photoanode

    DOE PAGES

    Martinez-Garcia, Alejandro; Russell, Harry B.; Paxton, William; ...

    2018-02-21

    Here in this work, unbiased water splitting with 2% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency under AM 1.5 G illumination using new materials based on GaSb 0.03P 0.97 alloy is reported. Freestanding GaSb xP 1-x is grown using halide vapor phase epitaxy. The native conductivity type of the alloy is modified by silicon doping, resulting in an open-circuit potential (OCP) of 750 mV, photocurrents of 7 mA cm -2 at 10 sun illumination, and corrosion resistance in an aqueous acidic environment. Alloying GaP with Sb at 3 at% improves the absorption of high-energy photons above 2.68 eV compared to pure GaP material. Electrochemical Impedancemore » Spectroscopy and illuminated OCP measurements show that the conduction band of GaSb xP 1-x is at -0.55 V versus RHE irrespective of the Sb concentration, while photocurrent spectroscopy indicates that only radiation with photon energies greater than 2.68 eV generate mobile and extractable charges, thus suggesting that the higher-laying conduction bands in the Γ 1 valley of the alloys are responsible for exciton generation.« less

  9. Unassisted Water Splitting Using a GaSb xP (1- x ) Photoanode

    SciTech Connect

    Martinez-Garcia, Alejandro; Russell, Harry B.; Paxton, William

    Here in this work, unbiased water splitting with 2% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency under AM 1.5 G illumination using new materials based on GaSb 0.03P 0.97 alloy is reported. Freestanding GaSb xP 1-x is grown using halide vapor phase epitaxy. The native conductivity type of the alloy is modified by silicon doping, resulting in an open-circuit potential (OCP) of 750 mV, photocurrents of 7 mA cm -2 at 10 sun illumination, and corrosion resistance in an aqueous acidic environment. Alloying GaP with Sb at 3 at% improves the absorption of high-energy photons above 2.68 eV compared to pure GaP material. Electrochemical Impedancemore » Spectroscopy and illuminated OCP measurements show that the conduction band of GaSb xP 1-x is at -0.55 V versus RHE irrespective of the Sb concentration, while photocurrent spectroscopy indicates that only radiation with photon energies greater than 2.68 eV generate mobile and extractable charges, thus suggesting that the higher-laying conduction bands in the Γ 1 valley of the alloys are responsible for exciton generation.« less

  10. 23 CFR 750.104 - Signs that may not be permitted in protected areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Signs that may not be permitted in protected areas. 750... permitted in protected areas. Erection or maintenance of the following signs may not be permitted in protected areas: (a) Signs advertising activities that are illegal under State or Federal laws or...

  11. Patient stratification in the management of acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis: the role of levofloxacin 750 mg.

    PubMed

    Martinez, F J; Grossman, R F; Zadeikis, N; Fisher, A C; Walker, K; Ambruzs, M E; Tennenberg, A M

    2005-06-01

    This is the first prospective clinical trial in which patients with acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis have been stratified by degree of underlying illness. Uncomplicated patients were randomised to levofloxacin 750 mg once daily (q.d.) for 3 days or azithromycin q.d. for 5 days. Complicated patients were randomised to levofloxacin 750 mg q.d. for 5 days or amoxicillin 875 mg/clavulanate 125 mg twice daily for 10 days. Regardless of therapy, complicated patients demonstrated lower clinical and microbiological success than uncomplicated patients. Clinical success for clinically evaluable patients was similar for levofloxacin and azithromycin (93.0 versus 90.1%, respectively), and levofloxacin and amoxicillin/clavulanate (79.2 versus 81.7%, respectively). For microbiologically evaluable patients, clinical response to levofloxacin for 3 days was superior to azithromycin for 5 days (96.3 versus 87.4%, respectively), and levofloxacin for 5 days was similar to amoxicillin/clavulanate for 10 days (81.4 versus 80.9%, respectively). Microbiological eradication was superior for levofloxacin for 3 days compared with azithromycin for 5 days (93.8 versus 82.8%, respectively), and similar for levofloxacin and amoxicillin/clavulanate for 10 days (81.4 versus 79.8%, respectively). In conclusion, levofloxacin 750 mg for 3 days was comparable to azithromycin for 5 days for uncomplicated patients with acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, while 5 days of 750 mg levofloxacin was comparable to 10 days of amoxicillin/clavulanate for complicated acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis.

  12. 23 CFR 750.104 - Signs that may not be permitted in protected areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Advertising Adjacent to the Interstate System Under the 1958 Bonus Program § 750.104 Signs that may not be... protected areas: (a) Signs advertising activities that are illegal under State or Federal laws or regulations in effect at the location of such signs or at the location of such activities. (b) Obsolete signs...

  13. Thermal Effects on Microstructural Heterogeneity of Inconel 718 Materials Fabricated by Electron Beam Melting

    SciTech Connect

    Sames, William J.; Unocic, Kinga A.; Dehoff, Ryan R.

    2014-07-28

    Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies, also known as 3D printing, have demonstrated the potential to fabricate complex geometrical components, but the resulting microstructures and mechanical properties of these materials are not well understood due to unique and complex thermal cycles observed during processing. The electron beam melting (EBM) process is unique because the powder bed temperature can be elevated and maintained at temperatures over 1000 °C for the duration of the process. This results in three specific stages of microstructural phase evolution: (a) rapid cool down from the melting temperature to the process temperature, (b) extended hold at the process temperature,more » and (c) slow cool down to the room temperature. In this work, the mechanisms for reported microstructural differences in EBM are rationalized for Inconel 718 based on measured thermal cycles, preliminary thermal modeling, and computational thermodynamics models. The relationship between processing parameters, solidification microstructure, interdendritic segregation, and phase precipitation (δ, γ´, and γ´´) are discussed.« less

  14. Texture-Induced Anisotropy in an Inconel 718 Alloy Deposited Using Electron Beam Freeform Fabrication

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tayon, W.; Shenoy, R.; Bird, R.; Hafley, R.; Redding, M.

    2014-01-01

    A test block of Inconel (IN) 718 was fabricated using electron beam freeform fabrication (EBF(sup 3)) to examine how the EBF(sup 3) deposition process affects the microstructure, crystallographic texture, and mechanical properties of IN 718. Tests revealed significant anisotropy in the elastic modulus for the as-deposited IN 718. Subsequent tests were conducted on specimens subjected to a heat treatment designed to decrease the level of anisotropy. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) was used to characterize crystallographic texture in the as-deposited and heat treated conditions. The anisotropy in the as-deposited condition was strongly affected by texture as evidenced by its dependence on orientation relative to the deposition direction. Heat treatment resulted in a significant improvement in modulus of the EBF(sup 3) product to a level nearly equivalent to that for wrought IN 718 with reduced anisotropy; reduction in texture through recrystallization; and production of a more homogeneous microstructure.

  15. The photocatalytic properties of hollow (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x composite nanofibers synthesized by electrospinning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Ding; Zhang, Minglu; Zhuang, Huaijuan; Chen, Xu; Wang, Xianying; Zheng, Xuejun; Yang, Junhe

    2017-02-01

    (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x composite nanofibers with hollow structure were prepared by initial electrospinning, and the subsequent calcination and nitridation. The structure and morphology characteristics of samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The characterization results showed the phase transition from ZnGa2O4 to (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x solid-solution under ammonia atmosphere. The preparation conditions were explored and the optimum nitridation temperature and holding time are 750 °C and 2 h, respectively. The photocatalytic properties of (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x with different Ga:Zn atomic ratios were investigated by degrading Rhodamine B under the visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic activity sequence is (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x (Ga:Zn = 1:2) > (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x (Ga:Zn = 1:3) > ZnO nanofibers > (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x (Ga:Zn = 1:4) > (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x (Ga:Zn = 1:1). The photocatalytic mechanism of the (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x hollow nanofibers was further studied by UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra. The excellent photocatalytic performance of (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x hollow nanofibers was attributed to the narrow band gap and high surface area of porous nanofibers with hollow structure.

  16. High productivity machining of holes in Inconel 718 with SiAlON tools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agirreurreta, Aitor Arruti; Pelegay, Jose Angel; Arrazola, Pedro Jose; Ørskov, Klaus Bonde

    2016-10-01

    Inconel 718 is often employed in aerospace engines and power generation turbines. Numerous researches have proven the enhanced productivity when turning with ceramic tools compared to carbide ones, however there is considerably less information with regard to milling. Moreover, no knowledge has been published about machining holes with this type of tools. Additional research on different machining techniques, like for instance circular ramping, is critical to expand the productivity improvements that ceramics can offer. In this a 3D model of the machining and a number of experiments with SiAlON round inserts have been carried out in order to evaluate the effect of the cutting speed and pitch on the tool wear and chip generation. The results of this analysis show that three different types of chips are generated and also that there are three potential wear zones. Top slice wear is identified as the most critical wear type followed by the notch wear as a secondary wear mechanism. Flank wear and adhesion are also found in most of the tests.

  17. P-V-T equation of state of clinohumite up to 25 GPa and 750 K

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, F.; Wu, X.; Jacobsen, S. D.; Zhang, D.

    2016-12-01

    The dense hydrous magnesium silicate (DHMS) minerals along the brucite-forsterite join have been proposed as the major carriers of water into the Earth's mantle. The natural occurrence of humite-group minerals makes knowledge of their phase relations and crystal chemistry under high pressure and temperature conditions important to geochemical and geophysical studies of volatile cycling between the crust and upper mantle. In natural high-grade metamorphic rocks and carbonates, clinohumite (P21/c) typically contains F at the hydroxyl site and Ti in one of the octahedral sites. Here, we have studied the thermal and compressional behaviors of clinohumite up to 25 GPa and 750 K. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction of single-crystal clinohumite was carried out at the 13 BMC beamline (GSECARS) of the Advanced Photon Source. Our experimental results clearly show that there is no indication of structural phase transition of clinohumite at high P-T conditions relevant to the subducted zone environments. Knowledge of humite-group crystal chemistry at high P-T conditions will also contribute more broadly to the field of mineralogy because of the morphotropic relationship with the minerals olivine and brucite.

  18. Experimental Investigation and Optimization of Response Variables in WEDM of Inconel - 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karidkar, S. S.; Dabade, U. A.

    2016-02-01

    Effective utilisation of Wire Electrical Discharge Machining (WEDM) technology is challenge for modern manufacturing industries. Day by day new materials with high strengths and capabilities are being developed to fulfil the customers need. Inconel - 718 is similar kind of material which is extensively used in aerospace applications, such as gas turbine, rocket motors, and spacecraft as well as in nuclear reactors and pumps etc. This paper deals with the experimental investigation of optimal machining parameters in WEDM for Surface Roughness, Kerf Width and Dimensional Deviation using DoE such as Taguchi methodology, L9 orthogonal array. By keeping peak current constant at 70 A, the effect of other process parameters on above response variables were analysed. Obtained experimental results were statistically analysed using Minitab-16 software. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) shows pulse on time as the most influential parameter followed by wire tension whereas spark gap set voltage is observed to be non-influencing parameter. Multi-objective optimization technique, Grey Relational Analysis (GRA), shows optimal machining parameters such as pulse on time 108 Machine unit, spark gap set voltage 50 V and wire tension 12 gm for optimal response variables considered for the experimental analysis.

  19. Lymphoid irradiation in intractable rheumatoid arthritis. A double-blind, randomized study comparing 750-rad treatment with 2,000-rad treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Hanly, J.G.; Hassan, J.; Moriarty, M.

    1986-01-01

    Twenty patients with intractable rheumatoid arthritis were treated with 750-rad or 2,000-rad lymphoid irradiation in a randomized double-blind comparative study. Over a 12-month followup period, there was a significant improvement in 4 of 7 and 6 of 7 standard parameters of disease activity following treatment with 750 rads and 2,000 rads, respectively. Transient, short-term toxicity was less frequent with the lower dose. In both groups, there was a sustained peripheral blood lymphopenia, a selective depletion of T helper (Leu-3a+) lymphocytes, and reduced in vitro mitogen responses. These changes did not occur, however, in synovial fluid. These results suggest that 750-radmore » lymphoid irradiation is as effective as, but less toxic than, that with 2,000 rads in the management of patients with intractable rheumatoid arthritis.« less

  20. A 750 GeV messenger of dark conformal symmetry breaking

    DOE PAGES

    Davoudiasl, Hooman; Zhang, Cen

    2016-03-03

    The tentative hints for a diphoton resonance at a mass of ~750 GeV from the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC may be interpreted as first contact with a “dark” sector with a spontaneously broken conformal symmetry. The implied TeV scale of the dark sector may be motivated by the interaction strength required to accommodate a viable thermal relic dark matter (DM) candidate. We model the conformal dynamics using a Randall-Sundrum-type five-dimensional geometry whose IR boundary is identified with the dynamics of the composite dark sector, while the Standard Model (SM) matter content resides on the UV boundary, correspondingmore » to “elementary” fields. We allow the gauge fields to reside in the five-dimensional bulk, which can be minimally chosen to be SU(3)c×U(1)Y. The “dark” radion is identified as the putative 750 GeV resonance. Heavy vectorlike fermions, often invoked to explain the diphoton excess, are not explicitly present in our model and are not predicted to appear in the spectrum of TeV scale states. Our minimal setup favors scalar DM of O(TeV) mass. A generic expectation in this scenario, suggested by DM considerations, is the appearance of vector bosons at ~ few TeV, corresponding to the gluon and hypercharge Kaluza-Klein (KK) modes that couple to UV boundary states with strengths that are suppressed uniformly compared to their SM values. Furthermore, our analysis suggests that these KK modes could be within the reach of the LHC in the coming years.« less