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Sample records for indonesian governmental hospital

  1. HOSPITAL VENTILATION STANDARDS AND ENERGY CONSERVATION: A REVIEW OF GOVERNMENTAL AND PRIVATE AGENCY ENERGY CONSERVATION INITIATIVES

    SciTech Connect

    Banks, Robert S.; Rainer, David

    1980-03-01

    This report presents the results of a recent research project originally concerned with review of governmental initiatives for changes to hospital design and operation standards at both the federal and state levels. However. it quickly became apparent that concern with energy conservation was not impacting hospital environmental standards, especially at the state level, irrespective of the energy implications. Consequently, the study was redirected to consider all energy conservation initiatives directed toward design and operating practices unique to the hospital environment. The scope was limited to agency programs (i.e., not undertaken at the initiative of individual hospitals), applicable to non-federal public and private hospitals.

  2. Pressure ulcers in four Indonesian hospitals: prevalence, patient characteristics, ulcer characteristics, prevention and treatment.

    PubMed

    Amir, Yufitriana; Lohrmann, Christa; Halfens, Ruud Jg; Schols, Jos Mga

    2017-02-01

    The objective of this article was to study characteristics of pressure ulcer patients and their ulcers, pressure ulcer preventive and treatment measures in four Indonesian general hospitals. A multicentre cross-sectional design was applied to assess pressure ulcers and pressure ulcer care in adult patients in medical, surgical, specialised and intensive care units. Ninety-one of the 1132 patients had a total of 142 ulcers. Half (44·0%) already had pressure ulcers before admission. The overall prevalence of category I-IV pressure ulcers was 8·0% (95% CI 6·4-9·6), and the overall nosocomial pressure ulcer prevalence was 4·5% (95% CI 3·3-5·7). Most pressure ulcer patients had friction and shear problems, were bedfast, had diabetes and had more bedridden days. Most ulcers (42·3%) were category III and IV. One third of the patients had both pressure ulcers and moisture lesions (36·3%) and suffered from pain (45·1%). The most frequently used prevention measures were repositioning (61·5%), skin moisturising (47·3%), patient education (36·3%) and massage (35·2%). Most pressure ulcer dressings involved saline-impregnated or antimicrobial gauzes. This study shows the complexities of pressure ulcers in Indonesian general hospitals and reveals that the quality of pressure ulcer care (prevention and treatment) could be improved by implementing the recent evidence-based international guideline.

  3. Hospital information system institutionalization processes in indonesian public, government-owned and privately owned hospitals.

    PubMed

    Handayani, P W; Hidayanto, A N; Ayuningtyas, Dumilah; Budi, Indra

    2016-11-01

    The Hospital Information System (HIS) could help hospitals as a public entity to provide optimal health services. One of the main challenges of HIS implementation is an institutional change. Using institutional theory as the analytical lens, this study aims to explain the institutionalization of HIS as an instance of e-health initiatives in Indonesia. Furthermore, this paper aims for hospital management and researchers to improve the understanding of the social forces that influence hospital personnel's HIS acceptance within an organizational context. We use case studies from four public, government-owned hospitals and four privately owned (public and specialty) hospitals to explain the HIS institutionalization process by exploring the three concepts of institutional theory: institutional isomorphism, institutional logic, and institutional entrepreneurship. This study reveals that differences exist between public, government-owned and private hospitals with regard to the institutionalization process: public, government-owned hospitals' management is more motivated to implement HIS to comply with the regulations, while private hospitals' management views HIS as an urgent requirement that must be achieved. The study findings also reveal that various institutional isomorphism mechanisms and forms of institutional logic emerge during the process. Finally, three factors-self-efficacy, social influence, and management support-have a significant influence on the individual acceptance of HIS.

  4. Cases of hydatidosis in patients referred to Governmental hospitals for cyst removal in Sana'a City, Republic of Yemen.

    PubMed

    Al-Shibani, Latifa A N; Al-Eryani, Samira M A; Azazy, Ahmed A; Al-Mekhlafi, Abdulsalam M

    2012-03-01

    Hydatidosis is a parasitic infestation caused by Echinococcus granulosus. This disease is endemic in many countries including Yemen. The present review article aims to have a glimpse at the present status of hydatidosis in Yemen. This is the first descriptive study, investigating recorded cases of hydatidosis from the five main governmental hospitals in the capital Sana'a city, over a longer period starting from 2001 and ending in 2008. A total of 796 medical records of patients referred to the five main governmental hospitals in Sana'a city for cyst removal, were studied. Of these cases 482 were females and 314 were males. Their mean age was 30.0 ± 16.9 years. Information regarding the location of the cyst in the body, age, sex and residence of each patient was recorded. A higher infection rate was found in females than males (60.6% and 39.4%, respectively). Single organ involvement was observed in 98.6% cases, among which, the most frequent localizations were the liver (60.8%) followed by the lung (24.7%). Cases of hydatidosis appeared to increase during the period 2001-2008, with the lowest number (n=26) and the highest number (n=140) recorded in 2001 and 2007, respectively. We conclude that the risk of hydatidosis is still high in Yemen, where street or stray dogs move freely down town and the population should be aware about the role of dogs in the transmission of this disease. Hospital records provide a useful indication of infection expressed as annual rate of hospital cases. Finally, the collaboration of Public Health Authorities, the Veterinary Medical Authorities and the Environmental Affairs Authorities is a must to control this disease.

  5. Adoption and Barriers to Adoption of Electronic Health Records by Nurses in Three Governmental Hospitals in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

    PubMed Central

    Mahalli, Azza El.

    2015-01-01

    Although electronic health records (EHRs) have been implemented in many hospitals and healthcare providers benefit from their effective and efficient data processing, their evaluation from nurses has received little attention. This project aimed to assess the adoption and barriers to the use of an EHR system by nurses at three governmental hospitals implementing the same EHR software and functionalities in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. The study was a cross-sectional, paper-based questionnaire study. SPSS version 20 was used for data entry and analysis, and descriptive statistics were calculated. The study found underutilization of almost all functionalities among all hospitals and no utilization of any communication tools with patients. In addition, there were no instances of “allowing patients to use the Internet to access parts of their health records.” The most frequently cited barrier among all hospitals was “loss of access to medical records transiently if computer crashes or power fails” (88.6 percent). This was followed by “lack of continuous training/ support from information technology staff in hospital” (85.9 percent), “additional time required for data entry” (84.9 percent), and “system hanging up problem” (83.8 percent). Complexity of technology (81.6 percent) and lack of system customizability (81.1 percent) were also frequently reported problems. The formation of an EHR committee to discuss problems with the system in Saudi hospitals is recommended. PMID:26604875

  6. Personal hygiene and safety of governmental hospital staff in Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran.

    PubMed

    Askarian, M; Khalooee, A; Emroodi, N N

    2006-11-01

    Complying with infection control standards is essential to prevent nosocomial infections. We aimed to determine health workers' hygiene practices and compliance with recommended instructions for personal hygiene among staff in all 30 hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The results showed that physicians and nurses were less compliant with personal hygiene practices than cleaners. Availability of protective measures was better in teaching hospitals than nonteaching hospitals as were vaccination rates among staff (hepatitis B and tetanus/diphtheria) with physicians scoring highest. Measures are needed to improve health workers' compliance.

  7. The relationship between transformational leadership and work engagement in governmental hospitals nurses: a survey study.

    PubMed

    Hayati, Davood; Charkhabi, Morteza; Naami, Abdolzahra

    2014-01-14

    The aim of this study was to determine the effects of transformational leadership and its components on work engagement among hospital nurses. There are a few set of researches that have focused on the effects of transformational leadership on work engagement in nurses. A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design was used. In this study, 240 nurses have been chosen by stratified random sampling method which filled related self-reported scales include multifactor leadership questionnaire (MLQ) and work engagement scale. Data analysis has been exerted according to the statistical method of simple and multiple correlation coefficients. Findings indicated that the effect of this type of leadership on work engagement and its facets is positive and significant. In addition, the research illustrates that transformational leaders transfer their enthusiasm and high power to their subordinates by the way of modeling. This manner can increase the power as a component of work engagement in workers. Idealized influence among these leaders can result in forming a specific belief among employees toward those leaders and leaders can easily transmit their inspirational motivation to them. Consequently, it leads to make a positive vision by which, and by setting high standards, challenges the employees and establishes zeal along with optimism for attaining success in works. regarding to the results we will expand leadership and work engagement literature in hospital nurses. Also, we conclude with theoretical and practical implications and propose a clear horizon for future researches.

  8. Indonesian coal mining

    SciTech Connect

    2008-11-15

    The article examines the opportunities and challenges facing the Indonesian coal mining industry and how the coal producers, government and wider Indonesian society are working to overcome them. 2 figs., 1 tab.

  9. Global Governmental Investment in Nanotechnologies

    PubMed Central

    Jia, Lee

    2009-01-01

    Nanotechnologies seem to have huge potential to bring benefits in areas as diverse as drug development, water decontamination, information and communication infrastructures, and the production of stronger, lighter and perfect nanomaterials. This potential attracts global investment from governments and private sectors in nanotechnologies with the hopes that R&D and commercial applications of nanomaterials, nanodevices, nanoparticles and nanodrugs will provide new impetus, after the ebb-tides of biotechnology and dotcom, to turn faltering economies around. The global governmental funding has been actively promoting industrial and academic cooperation to realize big prosperity from the nanotechnologies. This article summarizes historic trends and status of global governmental supports for nanotechnologies. PMID:19865495

  10. 37 CFR 3.58 - Governmental registers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Governmental registers. 3.58... Governmental registers. (a) The Office will maintain a Departmental Register to record governmental interests required to be recorded by Executive Order 9424. This Departmental Register will not be open to...

  11. 37 CFR 3.58 - Governmental registers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Governmental registers. 3.58... Governmental registers. (a) The Office will maintain a Departmental Register to record governmental interests required to be recorded by Executive Order 9424. This Departmental Register will not be open to...

  12. 37 CFR 3.58 - Governmental registers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Governmental registers. 3.58... Governmental registers. (a) The Office will maintain a Departmental Register to record governmental interests required to be recorded by Executive Order 9424. This Departmental Register will not be open to...

  13. 37 CFR 3.58 - Governmental registers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Governmental registers. 3.58... Governmental registers. (a) The Office will maintain a Departmental Register to record governmental interests required to be recorded by Executive Order 9424. This Departmental Register will not be open to...

  14. 37 CFR 3.58 - Governmental registers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Governmental registers. 3.58... Governmental registers. (a) The Office will maintain a Departmental Register to record governmental interests required to be recorded by Executive Order 9424. This Departmental Register will not be open to...

  15. National and Governmental Advisory Committees: Meetings

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Meetings and Teleconference Information for the National Advisory Committee and Governmental Advisory Committee to the United States Representative to the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation,

  16. A DESCRIPTIVE INDONESIAN GRAMMAR--PRELIMINARY EDITION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DYEN, ISIDORE

    THIS PRELIMINARY EDITION COMPRISES A DESCRIPTIVE GRAMMAR OF INDONESIAN (BAHASA INDONESIA), THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA. THE THREE SECTIONS--PHONOLOGY, SYNTAX, AND MORPHOLOGY--PRESENT A COMPREHENSIVE LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF INDONESIAN, WITH OCCASIONAL CONTRASTIVE REFERENCE TO MALAY, JAVANESE, SUNDANESE, AND SUMATRAN. THIS…

  17. Indonesian Basic Course: The Djakarta Dialect.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.

    Seven everyday topics are discussed in Basa Djarkarta, a dialect of Malay spoken in Djarkarta by over three million people. The purpose of the reading text, part of the basic course in Indonesian for official United States military personnel, is to acquaint students with this increasingly popular dialect in addition to Bahasa Indonesian, the…

  18. Ambivalences: Voices of Indonesian Academic Discourse Gatekeepers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basthomi, Yazid

    2012-01-01

    This article presents voices of academic discourse gatekeepers in the Indonesian context. It reports on results of an attempt to re-read (re-analyze and re-interpret) the transcripts of interviews with Indonesian journal editors/reviewers in the area of English Language Teaching (ELT). The interviews were made with five editors/reviewers of two…

  19. Governmental Surveillance of Three Progressive Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Murry R.; Singleton, H. Wells

    Governmental interference with academic freedom is illustrated by F.B.I. surveillance of and unauthorized distribution of information about progressive educators John Dewey, George Counts, and Harold Rugg. These three educators attracted the attention of governmental agencies and special interest groups during the 1930s and 1940s because they…

  20. Governmentality--Neoliberalism--Education: The Risk Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kašcák, Ondrej; Pupala, Branislav

    2011-01-01

    This paper understands the basic elements of neoliberalism in education and governmentality to be the technologies for the neoliberal government of education. It outlines Foucault's methodology for analysing governmentality and shows how neoliberalism is a discursive formation which homogenises apparently unrelated language games and…

  1. Engaging Education Policies through Governmentality Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brass, Jory

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a brief introduction to governmentality studies and the conceptual tools that it provides to help English educators recognise the ideas and practices that education policies mobilise to steer our professions towards particular values, norms and outcomes. After a short overview of governmentality, it offers a short discussion of…

  2. Managed competition, governmentality and institutional response in the United Kingdom.

    PubMed

    Light, D W

    2001-04-01

    This article traces the use of managed competition policy to transform the NHS from an administered public service to a set of interlocking markets and contracts. It reviews the overlooked origins of managed competition in the new managerialism and explains the relationship between managed competition and the cost crisis of the NHS by extending Foucault's concept of governmentality to revise the concept of the state. The paper then describes how the government structured health care markets, using managed competition as an instrument of governmentality. It summarises institutional responses by health authorities, hospital trusts, and GP fundholders. The terms "master institution", "dictated competition" and "coercive partnering" are introduced as new concepts for economic sociology and as strategies of governmentality. Implementation, however, led to resistance, opposition and eventual abandonment of managed competition as too disruptive and costly. Yet, this analysis contends, managed competition has left an enduring legacy of accountability to purchasers in economic terms such as efficiency, transaction costs, and cost effectiveness. The policies of the new government are based on coercive partnering and doctor-based "commissioning". This and the Internet imply revolutionary changes for the health professions and the delivery of health care services through networks of moebius-strip organisations interacting in flexible sequences and subject to communitarian pressures.

  3. Neogene history of the Indonesian Throughflow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuhnt, Wolfgang; Holbourn, Ann; Hall, Robert; Zuvela, Maja; Käse, Rolf

    The Indonesian Throughflow acts as a major switchboard in the global thermohaline circulation, and its variability is strongly related to tropical climate dynamics on shorter and longer timescales. During the Holocene and Pleistocene, fluctuating sea surface temperature and salinity patterns in the Western Pacific Warm Water Pool and Indonesian Seas and variations in East Asian monsoon strength mainly controlled the intensity and hydrological characteristics of the throughflow. Additionally, glacial/deglacial sea-level change strongly influenced throughflow volume in shallow sections of many passages (i.e. the southern part of the Timor passage on the NW Australian shallow shelf) thus altering the related heat transfer between oceans. The tectonic history of the Indonesian Gateway ultimately controlled the long-term evolution of the throughflow. During the Pliocene, changes in the position and geometry of the inflow passages (Mindanao Passage to the North and Halmahera Passage to the south) in relation to the tropical Pacific front significantly modified the climatic role of the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans, resulting in reduced atmospheric heat transport from the tropics to high latitudes. However, the precise timing of major restriction in the surface and thermocline water flow is difficult to ascertain. The early evolution of the Indonesian Gateway was characterized by tectonic restriction of the deep water pathway between the Pacific and Indian Oceans at approximately 25 Ma. By the early Miocene, the Indonesian Gateway was already closed as a deep water pathway between the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

  4. Indonesian EFL Students' Perspective on Writing Process: A Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hermilinda Abas, Imelda; Aziz, Noor Hashima Abd

    2016-01-01

    The study was aimed at understanding the EFL Indonesian students' perspective on the writing process. The pilot study involved two male Indonesian postgraduate students in Universiti Utara Malaysia. The Indonesian students were selected based on the following criteria: (1) had enough knowledge in English writing, indicated by the completion of…

  5. Indonesian Basic Course: Volume XIII. Outline of Geography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.

    This 8-unit volume written in Bahasa Indonesian is intended to acquaint United States military personnel studying Bahasa Indonesian with Indonesian geography and geographic terminology. The text, used in the third phase of the Basic Course, aims to: (1) relate significant content about the area, (2) expand the student's vocabulary, and (3) develop…

  6. Lactose intolerance in Indonesian children.

    PubMed

    Hegar, Badriul; Widodo, Ariani

    2015-01-01

    "Lactose intolerance (LI)" is considered a common problem in Asians, and in many parts of the world. Its prevalence and age of manifestation varies between by Asian country, for possible genetic or cultural reasons. Studies in Indonesian children 3-15 years old (y) are available within the past two decades, using a pure lactose tolerance test. The prevalences of lactose malabsorption (LM) in pre-elementary (3-5 y), elementary (6-11 y), and junior high (12-14 y) school-children were 21.3%, 57.8%, and 73%, respectively. An increasing trend for LM prevalence was seen within the pre-elementary group, from 9.1% at 3 y to 28.6% at 5 y. The most frequent symptoms of LI in junior high school (JHS) group were abdominal pain (64.1%), abdominal distention (22.6%), nausea (15.1%), flatulence (5.7%), and diarrhea (1.9%), mostly within one hour of lactose ingestion. In children with regular and irregular milk drinking, LM occurred in 81.2% and 69.6%; LI was found in 56.2% and 52.1%, respectively. Most JHS children with dairy-associated recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) symptoms proved to be malabsorbers. Dairy products most related to RAP were milk and yogurt. LI was found in 81% of RAP children with abdominal pain most frequently, followed by nausea, bloating, diarrhea, borborygmi, and flatulence. Symp-tom onset occurred 30 minutes after lactose ingestion, especially nausea, bloating, and abdominal pain. In RAP children LI symptoms mostly found in breath hydrogen concentration>20 ppm. More LI symptoms were found in lactose malabsorbers, but symptoms were mild and generally disappeared in 7 hours, and in most by 15 hours.

  7. A Genre-Based Analysis on Discussion Section of Research Articles in Indonesian Written by Indonesian Speakers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arsyad, Safnil

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the genre of research article (RA) discussion section written in Indonesian by Indonesian writer aiming at exploring how Indonesian writers discuss their research findings in their RAs. The corpus for this study consists of 47 selected RAs published mainly in university-based journals in Indonesia from social science and…

  8. Aerospace management techniques: Commercial and governmental applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Milliken, J. G.; Morrison, E. J.

    1971-01-01

    A guidebook for managers and administrators is presented as a source of useful information on new management methods in business, industry, and government. The major topics discussed include: actual and potential applications of aerospace management techniques to commercial and governmental organizations; aerospace management techniques and their use within the aerospace sector; and the aerospace sector's application of innovative management techniques.

  9. 76 FR 69188 - Indian Tribal Governmental Plans

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ... in advance of issuing a notice of proposed rulemaking. In light of the interaction of the... governmental and commercial activities. Application of the Controlled Group Rules to ITG Plans These proposed..., and 416, all employees of all corporations that are members of a controlled group of corporations...

  10. Governmentality of Youth: Managing Risky Subjects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Besley, Tina A. C.

    2010-01-01

    This article poses the question: How do understandings of governmentality play out in discourses of youth? In the twenty-first-century neoliberal contexts of consumer capitalist societies, discourses of youth need now to move beyond the valuable earlier understandings based on psychological and cultural/subcultural studies to harness Foucault's…

  11. English Code Switching in Indonesian Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setiawan, Dedy

    2016-01-01

    There is a growing phenomenon, worldwide, of inserting English words, phrases or expressions, into the local language: this is part of the acceptance of English as current world language. Indonesia is experiencing the use of this mixture of language when using either their own Indonesian or local language; English words, phrases and expressions…

  12. An Indonesian Model of Successful School Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raihani

    2008-01-01

    Purpose--This paper seeks to explore principals leadership in successful Indonesian secondary schools from the perspectives of multiple sources of data. Design/methodology/approach--Inspired by the ISSPP, three schools which met the set criteria of successful schools were selected to be the cases for this study. Within each, individual or group…

  13. Question/Response Patterns in Indonesian Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grow-Maienza, Janice

    A study of question and response patterns in middle and secondary schools in Indonesia is presented. The study examines questioning from the point of view of several previous studies. Interactions in 12 classes in English and in Bahasa Indonesian were videotaped in three middle schools and three secondary schools. Analysis of the data revealed…

  14. Indonesian Youth Looking towards the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nilan, Pam; Parker, Lynette; Bennett, Linda; Robinson, Kathryn

    2011-01-01

    Selected survey data on future aspirations and expectations from 3565 young Indonesians are presented in this study. Muslim-majority Indonesia is an Asian economic success story. The economy has seen solid growth, leading to an expansion of the private sector. The upward credentialling of the labour market and the rapid growth of the middle class…

  15. Guidelines for the Analysis of Responsibility in Governmental Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gouran, Dennis S.

    This paper discusses specific issues involving governmental conduct in communication with the public, outlines a set of conditions that frequently stimulate social interest in governmental responsibility, and develops a corresponding set of guidelines for use in the evaluation of instances of questionable governmental conduct in communication.…

  16. A Discussion on Governmental Research Grants.

    PubMed

    Fang, Hui

    2015-10-01

    Governmental research grants are financially supported by taxpayers to meet financial requirements of research, particularly research that is unlikely to be supported by private funds. Researchers reward donors by producing knowledge. Publishing research results in an academic journal reflects achievement by researchers; however, receiving a grant award does not. The latter only provides the researcher with the capacity to perform his/her research. Applicants may receive more financial support than they actually need because there is no strict audit on the amount of money requested by each research proposal. There are fewer opportunities to apply for a governmental grant than there are for publishing an academic article, and the application process for governmental grants is not flexible. Some potentially innovative research may be impeded by the intense competition among scientific researchers applying for financial support. Researchers face stiffer competition at this stage than at the stage of publishing results. This paper suggests that scientific foundations can improve their efficiency by giving funding preference to economic proposals. Methods for estimating the efficiency of grants are proposed. The practice followed by the Small Grants for Exploratory Research programme of the National Science Foundation validates my analysis and recommendations.

  17. Seasonal Variation of the Indonesian Throughflow in Makassar Strait

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-01

    salinity in the Indian Ocean as well as in the Indonesian seas . The ITF also contributes to maintaining upper-ocean circulations in the Indo-Pacific...Indonesian seas until recently. Hence, the total ITF transport was estimated based on limited measurements made at several key ITF passages for...structure and variability at the major inflow and outflow passages in the Indonesian seas simulta- neously (Sprintall et al. 2004). The comprehensive

  18. Status of Indonesian women in physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raharti, Monika; Kartini, Evvy

    2015-12-01

    This paper reports on the current situation of women in physics in Indonesia. Statistics show that there is an imbalance in the number of male and female physicists in Indonesia. An overview by one of the very few female professors in physics in Indonesia also shows how women struggle in their careers. A Women in Physics organization will be established under the Indonesian Physical Society in October 2014.

  19. The case for transforming governmental public health.

    PubMed

    Salinsky, Eileen; Gursky, Elin A

    2006-01-01

    Changing threats to the public's health necessitate a profound transformation of the public health enterprise. Despite recent attention to the biodefense role of public health, policymakers have not developed a clear, realistic vision for the structure and functionality of the governmental public health system. Lack of leadership and organizational disconnects across levels of government have prevented strategic alignment of resources and undermined momentum for meaningful change. A transformed public health system is needed to address the demands of emergency preparedness and health protection. Such transformation should include focused, risk-based resource allocation; regional planning; technological upgrades; workforce restructuring; improved integration of private-sector assets; and better performance monitoring.

  20. Introduction in Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities Research Articles: How Indonesian Writers Justify Their Research Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arsyad, Safnil; Wardhana, Dian Eka Chandra

    2014-01-01

    The introductory part of a research article (RA) is very important because in this section writers must argue about the importance of their research topic and project so that they can attract their readers' attention to read the whole article. This study analyzes RA introductions written by Indonesian writers in social sciences and humanities…

  1. The Way Deans Run Their Faculties in Indonesian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngo, Jenny; de Boer, Harry; Enders, Jurgen

    2014-01-01

    Using the theory of reasoned action in combination with the Competing Values Framework of organizational leadership, our study examines how deans at Indonesian universities lead and manage their faculties. Based on a large-scale survey with responses from more than 200 Indonesian deans, the study empirically identifies a number of deanship styles:…

  2. A Phenomenological Study of an Indonesian Cohort Group's Transformative Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Budiraharjo, Markus

    2013-01-01

    This study was set to investigate how a cohort of ten Indonesian teachers experienced transformations in their teaching professionalism upon receiving an assignment of instructional leadership training to other school leaders. These ten teachers, who came from three different Indonesian Jesuit high schools and one archdiocese-based educational…

  3. Teachers' Perceptions of Educational Technology Integration in an Indonesian Polytechnic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marwan, Ardi; Sweeney, Trudy

    2010-01-01

    Educational technology is becoming more pervasive in Indonesian vocational higher institutions, yet there is limited research available about Indonesian teachers' perceptions of this innovation. This paper sets out to contribute to this gap in the research literature and reports on a study that investigated the factors which supported and…

  4. The Education and Training of Indonesian Librarians: Problems and Prospects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trimo, Soejono

    The education and training of Indonesian librarians is presented in the context of the Indonesian society; specifically, the relation with the educational aspects and programs of the nation. Only after these aspects are understood can well-balanced educational programs for the training of librarians be set up. It is shown that while there are…

  5. Conceptual Representation Changes in Indonesian-English Bilinguals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartanto, Andree; Suárez, Lidia

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated conceptual representations changes in bilinguals. Participants were Indonesian-English bilinguals (dominant in Indonesian, with different levels of English proficiency) and a control group composed of English-dominant bilinguals. All completed a gender decision task, in which participants decided whether English words…

  6. A STUDENT'S REFERENCE GRAMMAR OF MODERN FORMAL INDONESIAN.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MACDONALD, R. ROSS; SOENJONO, DARJOWIDJOJO

    THE INDONESIAN DESCRIBED IN THIS GRAMMAR IS THE FORMAL LANGUAGE USED IN PUBLISHED TEXTS RATHER THAN THE COLLOQUIAL LANGUAGE. ALL OF THE TEXTS USED WERE PUBLISHED BETWEEN 1945 AND 1966 AND THEY INCLUDE POLITICAL SPEECHES, LEGAL DOCUMENTS, AND TEXTBOOKS. SINCE THIS BOOK WAS DESIGNED PRIMARILY FOR GENERAL STUDENTS OF THE INDONESIAN LANGUAGE AND ONLY…

  7. Affective Meaning, Concreteness, and Subjective Frequency Norms for Indonesian Words

    PubMed Central

    Sianipar, Agnes; van Groenestijn, Pieter; Dijkstra, Ton

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the lexical-semantic space organized by the semantic and affective features of Indonesian words and their relationship with gender and cultural aspects. We recruited 1,402 participants who were native speakers of Indonesian to rate affective and lexico-semantic properties of 1,490 Indonesian words. Valence, Arousal, Dominance, Predictability, Subjective Frequency, and Concreteness ratings were collected for each word from at least 52 people. We explored cultural differences between American English ANEW (affective norms for English words), Spanish ANEW, and the new Indonesian inventory [called CEFI (concreteness, emotion, and subjective frequency norms for Indonesian words)]. We found functional relationships between the affective dimensions that were similar across languages, but also cultural differences dependent on gender. PMID:27999556

  8. Indonesian men's perceptions of violence against women.

    PubMed

    Nilan, Pam; Demartoto, Argyo; Broom, Alex; Germov, John

    2014-07-01

    This article explores male perceptions and attitudes toward violence against women in Indonesia. It analyzes interview data from Indonesian men collected as part of a large multimethod Australian government-funded project on masculinities and violence in two Asian countries. Reluctance to talk about violence against women was evident, and the accounts of those men who did respond referred to three justificatory discourses: denial, blaming the victim, and exonerating the male perpetrator. The findings support continuation of government and nongovernmental organization (NGO) projects aimed at both empowering women and reeducating men.

  9. Curriculum of EFL Teacher Education and Indonesian Qualification Framework: A Blip of the Future Direction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Susilo

    2015-01-01

    Indonesian Qualification Framework (IQF) is a description of qualification levels for all Indonesian learning outcomes or certificate statements in Indonesian schooling from year 9 to higher education. The IQF holds a legal endorsement in the form of Presidential Decree no. 8/2012. This IQF will specify equivalencies between Indonesian and foreign…

  10. Group identification in Indonesian stock market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nurriyadi Suparno, Ervano; Jo, Sung Kyun; Lim, Kyuseong; Purqon, Acep; Kim, Soo Yong

    2016-08-01

    The characteristic of Indonesian stock market is interesting especially because it represents developing countries. We investigate the dynamics and structures by using Random Matrix Theory (RMT). Here, we analyze the cross-correlation of the fluctuations of the daily closing price of stocks from the Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX) between January 1, 2007, and October 28, 2014. The eigenvalue distribution of the correlation matrix consists of noise which is filtered out using the random matrix as a control. The bulk of the eigenvalue distribution conforms to the random matrix, allowing the separation of random noise from original data which is the deviating eigenvalues. From the deviating eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenvectors, we identify the intrinsic normal modes of the system and interpret their meaning based on qualitative and quantitative approach. The results show that the largest eigenvector represents the market-wide effect which has a predominantly common influence toward all stocks. The other eigenvectors represent highly correlated groups within the system. Furthermore, identification of the largest components of the eigenvectors shows the sector or background of the correlated groups. Interestingly, the result shows that there are mainly two clusters within IDX, natural and non-natural resource companies. We then decompose the correlation matrix to investigate the contribution of the correlated groups to the total correlation, and we find that IDX is still driven mainly by the market-wide effect.

  11. Governmentality and the Study of Education Policy in South Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tikly, Leon

    2003-01-01

    Applies Foucault's idea of governmentality to an understanding of education policy in South Africa. Argues that studying policy through the lens of governmentality theory allows for the consideration of the autonomous effects of rationalities of government on shaping the possibilities of policy. Also argues that educational change can be…

  12. 7 CFR 1205.337 - Influencing governmental action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Influencing governmental action. 1205.337 Section... RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Research and Promotion Order Expenses and Assessments § 1205.337 Influencing governmental action. No funds collected by the Board under this subpart shall in any manner be used for...

  13. 7 CFR 1250.351 - Influencing governmental action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Influencing governmental action. 1250.351 Section... RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Egg Research and Promotion Order Expenses and Assessments § 1250.351 Influencing governmental action. No funds collected by the Board under this subpart shall in any manner be used for...

  14. 7 CFR 1215.53 - Influencing governmental action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Influencing governmental action. 1215.53 Section 1215... PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Expenses and Assessments § 1215.53 Influencing governmental action. No funds received by the Board...

  15. 7 CFR 1207.360 - Influencing governmental action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Influencing governmental action. 1207.360 Section... RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.360 Influencing governmental action. No funds collected by the Board under this plan shall in any matter be used for...

  16. 77 FR 13996 - Determination of Governmental Plan Status; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BG43 Determination of Governmental Plan Status; Correction... governmental plans. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Concerning the proposed regulations, Pamela Kinard at...

  17. 77 FR 5442 - Determination of Governmental Plan Status

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BG43 Determination of Governmental Plan Status AGENCY..., (REG-157714-06) relating to the determination of governmental plans. This notice supersedes the...

  18. 76 FR 76633 - Indian Tribal Governmental Plans; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    ... [REG-133223-08] RIN 1545-BI19 Indian Tribal Governmental Plans; Correction AGENCY: Internal Revenue... a plan of an Indian Tribal government is a governmental plan within the meaning of section 414(d... be treated as a qualified cash or deferred arrangement if it is part of a plan maintained by a...

  19. [Sick house syndrome: governmental actions and challenges].

    PubMed

    Hasegawa, Tomonori; Kigawa, Mika

    2009-05-01

    Since the 1980s, sick house syndrome has become one of the major challenges in environmental health. In Japan in 1980, first governmental measures were taken to limit formaldehyde release from building materials. In 2003, the Building Standards Law and the Community Health Law were revised, and these laws clarified the responsibility of building companies, local governments and health officers in preventing sick house syndrome. Telephone survey results demonstrated the decrease in the prevalence of sick house syndrome between 2002 and 2006 in Tokyo and Sapporo. Knowledge about sick house syndrome enabling patients to better deal with the syndrome and stricter regulations seem to have contributed to the decrease in the prevalence of the syndrome. Questionnaire surveys carried out through regional health centers demonstrated that the number of possible sick house syndrome patients visiting regional health centers varied, possibly reflecting different local prevalences and needs. Most of the regional health centers had staff members who were able to measure in-house environments, but their ability to discuss on health-related issues was limited, and cooperation between the centers and healthcare organizations was not sufficient. Information about healthcare organizations that can treat patients with sick house syndrome and simple self-diagnostic tools were among the most often cited useful support needs. Establishment of a hub regional health center to construct a comprehensive consultation and referral system that can meet local needs in dealing with sick house syndrome is recommended.

  20. Perceived uncivil behaviour in Indonesian nursing education.

    PubMed

    Eka, Ni Gusti Ayu; Chambers, Derek; Narayanasamy, Aru

    2016-09-01

    Uncivil behaviour is a phenomenon that has attracted a growing number of investigations, particularly in Western based nurse education. Unlike the West, uncivil behaviour is a relatively new field of study to Indonesia. However, with the incidence of incivility becoming a growing problem within Indonesian nurse education it is one that warrants investigation. This study investigated; the construct of uncivil behaviour and how it is perceived by students and faculty within the Indonesia context. The impact that socio economic status may play in its manifestation is also explored. The study was conducted in two faculties of nursing in the west of Indonesia. Findings suggest that religion is strongly implicated in the way that uncivil behaviour is perceived.

  1. Indonesian Throughflow dynamics of the last 25 kyr: New Uranium Series results from the Indonesian Seas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muller, J.; McManus, J.; Opdyke, B.

    2007-12-01

    In the modern ocean the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) is a key component of thermohaline circulation (THC) that transports large amounts of heat from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean and is the only tropical connection between major ocean basins. This oceanographic system is known to influence a number of climatic conditions, one significant example being El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Undoubtedly, the Indonesian seas are important for climate, yet we have only a modest understanding of how this region operated in the past. During the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) the Indonesian Seas experienced significant sea level regression with consequent changes in boundary conditions (De Deckker et al., 2002). Previous paleo-studies within the Indonesian Seas implied a weakening of the ITF during the LGM (Müller and Opdyke, 2000; Gingele et al., 2001). These interpretations focus on paleoproductivity and sedimentology proxies rather than proxies that more directly measure paleocirculation. In addition, previous interpretations of paleoproductivity may require clarification due to possible post depositional sediment focusing in this region. We present two down core records from the Timor (MD-982167) and Flores Seas (VM33-80) that span back ~25 kyr. We use 231Pa/230Th as a more direct paleocirculation tracer and apply 230Th normalized fluxes and biogenic opal in order to look at paleoproductivity during the LGM, through the deglaciation and into the Holocene. These records extend on current paleooceanographic knowledge from the equatorial realm of the climate system. More specifically the records aim to better understand an important segment of the THC, namely the ITF, and how its strength has interacted with climates of the past. De Deckker P., Tapper N. J., and van der Kaars S. (2002) The status of the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool and adjacent land at the Last Glacial Maximum Global and Planetary Change 35, 25-35. Gingele F. X., De Deckker P., and Hillenbrand C. D. (2001) Clay

  2. Indonesian Christian Teachers' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Professional Development Programs Offered by ACSI-I and Indonesian National Department of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwani, Amy

    2014-01-01

    This is a study to examine Indonesian Christian Teachers' Perceptions of the effectiveness of professional development programs offered by the Association of Christian Schools International Indonesia (ACSI-I) and by the Indonesian National Department of Education. The study was focused on how Indonesian Christian teachers perceived the…

  3. Conceptual Representation Changes in Indonesian-English Bilinguals.

    PubMed

    Hartanto, Andree; Suárez, Lidia

    2016-10-01

    This study investigated conceptual representations changes in bilinguals. Participants were Indonesian-English bilinguals (dominant in Indonesian, with different levels of English proficiency) and a control group composed of English-dominant bilinguals. All completed a gender decision task, in which participants decided whether English words referred to a male or female person or animal. In order to explore conceptual representations, we divided the words into gender-specific and gender-ambiguous words. Gender-specific words were words in which conceptual representations contained gender as a defining feature, in both English and Indonesian (e.g., uncle). In contrast, gender-ambiguous words were words in which gender was a defining feature in English but not a necessary feature in Indonesian (e.g., nephew and niece are both subsumed under the same word, keponakan, in Indonesian). The experiment was conducted exclusively in English. Indonesian-English bilinguals responded faster to gender-specific words than gender-ambiguous words, but the difference was smaller for the most proficient bilinguals. As expected, English-dominant speakers' response latencies were similar across these two types of words. The results suggest that English concepts are dynamic and that proficiency leads to native-like conceptual representations.

  4. National and Governmental Advisory Committee Advice Letters for 2015

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Advice Letters produced for and/or by the National Advisory Committee and Governmental Advisory Committee to the United States Representative to the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  5. National and Governmental Advisory Committee Advice Letters for 2016

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Advice Letters and produced by the National Advisory Committee and Governmental Advisory Committee to the United States Representative to the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation, and EPA responses

  6. National and Governmental Advisory Committee Advice Letters for 2014

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Advice Letters produced for and/or by the National Advisory Committee and Governmental Advisory Committee to the United States Representative to the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  7. 77 FR 3202 - Determination of Governmental Plan Status

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-23

    ...-06] RIN 1545-BG43 Determination of Governmental Plan Status AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS... plans. DATES: The public hearing is scheduled for Tuesday, June 5, 2012, at 10 a.m. in the auditorium...

  8. National and Governmental Advisory Committee Meetings Documents for 2015

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Meetings materials,Teleconference Information produced for and/or by the National Advisory Committee and Governmental Advisory Committee to the United States Representative to the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  9. National and Governmental Advisory Committee Meetings Documents for 2016

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Meetings materials,Teleconference Information produced for and/or by the National Advisory Committee and Governmental Advisory Committee to the United States Representative to the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation

  10. Destruction of public and governmental experiments of GMO in Europe.

    PubMed

    Kuntz, Marcel

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to compile the destruction of GMO trials from academic or governmental research institutes in Europe, in a factual manner and to highlight their main characteristics. About 80 acts of vandalism against academic or governmental research on GMOs are identified, mainly in 4 countries; namely France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Switzerland. Examples are also provided for Italy and Belgium. The general conclusions that can be drawn from these acts are also discussed.

  11. Enhancing the effectiveness of governmental and non-governmental partnership in natural resources management

    SciTech Connect

    McKay, K.L.; Gow, D.; Brown, C.; Christophersen, K.; Gaylord, E.

    1990-08-01

    The African sub-continent (Sub-Saharan Africa) is a vast continent of mangroves and deserts, rainforests, mountains and, miles upon thousands of miles of flat wooded plains. It is a continent whose people rely directly on its basic natural resources--land, water, soils, animals and vegetation--for their day-to-day subsistence and development. The effects of environmental degradation have taught bilateral and multilateral agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and national governments harsh lessons about the critical importance of natural resources management to food security and development. The report examines the role of NGO's as resource stewards and explores the relationship between NGO's and donors in the environmental field, with particular reference to experiences from the Natural Resources Management Support Project for Africa and from the literature. Practical guidelines for enhancing the effectiveness of donor- collaboration are suggested. Annexes present case studies of Cameroon, Madagascar, and Mali.

  12. Marketing issues for the hospital industry.

    PubMed

    Godiwalla, Yezdi H; Godiwalla, Shirley Y

    2002-01-01

    The controls on payments by insurance companies and governmental agencies (Medicare, Medicaid, Title 19) to hospitals have led to restricted hospital services for patients. This situation has caused over-capacity in hospitals. Also, there is a surplus of both hospital capacity and doctors. However, there are frequent shortages of nurses and many other trained technical personnel. This situation has behavioral implications which are discussed in this paper.

  13. Indonesian petroleum systems and exploration efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Howes, J.V.C.; Tisnawijaya, S. )

    1996-01-01

    The Republic of Indonesia has over 40 productive petroleum systems and more than 100 speculative petroleum systems. Since the first oil discoveries in the 1880's, cumulative discovered ultimately recoverable petroleum resources in Indonesia have reached 50 billion barrels of oil equivalent. There are eight principal producing areas and nearly 1,000 oil and gas fields. Most of these resources have been found in the last 50 years. Successful exploration continues; at least two discoveries per year are made which exceed 50 million barrels of oil equivalent reserves. Productive petroleum system source types are split almost equally between marine and deltaic-lacustrine facies. The majority of source rocks are Tertiary in age; Mesozoic source rocks are restricted to Eastern Indonesia. Discovery process analysis indicates generally high exploration efficiency in Indonesia. An upwardly convex discovery process curve typifies many systems, reflecting both exploration efficiency and maturity; this pattern is well displayed in areas such as Central Sumatra and Salawati. A much more random or straight line process curve, as seen in West Natuna, occurs where more complex petroleum systems have inhibited exploration efficiency. An inverted, or concave upward curve, seen in some Java petroleum systems, is probably economically driven, related to development of domestic Indonesian gas markets. Several curves, such as those for the North Sumatra:Bampo-Peutu and East Kalimantan:Tanjung systems are dominated by single fields. Different exploration phases can be recognized in many systems, each phase having its own specific exploration statistics.

  14. Indonesian petroleum systems and exploration efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Howes, J.V.C.; Tisnawijaya, S.

    1996-12-31

    The Republic of Indonesia has over 40 productive petroleum systems and more than 100 speculative petroleum systems. Since the first oil discoveries in the 1880`s, cumulative discovered ultimately recoverable petroleum resources in Indonesia have reached 50 billion barrels of oil equivalent. There are eight principal producing areas and nearly 1,000 oil and gas fields. Most of these resources have been found in the last 50 years. Successful exploration continues; at least two discoveries per year are made which exceed 50 million barrels of oil equivalent reserves. Productive/petroleum system source types are split almost equally between marine and deltaic-lacustrine facies. The majority of source rocks are Tertiary in age; Mesozoic source rocks are restricted to Eastern Indonesia. Discovery process analysis indicates generally high exploration efficiency in Indonesia. An upwardly convex discovery process curve typifies many systems, reflecting both exploration efficiency and maturity; this pattern is well displayed in areas such as Central Sumatra and Salawati. A much more random or straight line process curve, as seen in West Natuna, occurs where more complex petroleum systems have inhibited exploration efficiency. An inverted, or concave upward curve, seen in some Java petroleum systems, is probably economically driven, related to development of domestic Indonesian gas markets. Several curves, such as those for the North Sumatra:Bampo-Peutu and East Kalimantan:Tanjung systems are dominated by single fields. Different exploration phases can be recognized in many systems, each phase having its own specific exploration statistics.

  15. Indonesian Throughflow variability in CMIP5 models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santoso, Agus; England, Matthew; Kajtar, Jules; Cai, Wenju

    2015-04-01

    The Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) is an integral component of the Earth's climate. The state of ocean and atmospheric circulations, and thus climate variability, is dependent upon changes in the ITF which impact on heat and salt balance across the Indo-Pacific oceans. Understanding its variability and link with major drivers of Indo-Pacific climate variability however remains elusive due to limited direct observational data. A multi-model ensemble approach is needed to help bridge this gap. Using 20 models that participated in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project fifth instalment (CMIP5), and an ocean reanalysis as a reference, we find that local processes in the Indian Ocean side play a more dominant role on ITF variability than the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO). This is corroborated by the high inter-model correlation between the variability amplitude of the ITF and that of the zonal winds south of the Maritime Continent, but not with ENSO amplitude. The Indian Ocean forcing is associated with surface-intensified transport anomaly, while the ENSO forcing primarily with anomalous subsurface transport. These links are substantiated by the mean state change under greenhouse warming in that the projected weakening of the ITF is found robust only at subsurface, consistent with the lack of inter-model consensus in the change of the Indian Ocean local wind forcing.

  16. Family responses to a child with schizophrenia: An Indonesian experience.

    PubMed

    Wiguna, Tjhin; Ismail, Raden Irawati; Noorhana, Setyawati R; Kaligis, Fransiska; Aji, Arundhati Nugrahaning; Belfer, Myron L

    2015-12-01

    Indonesian culture puts a high value on family bonding. Therefore, support and encouragement for each family member is high that any problems are the responsibility of the whole family. This paper explores the implications of the phenomena whether is a schizophrenic child in the family affected the parental relationship in Indonesian family and trying to find out the implication of parental relationship on medication adherence. This was a cross-sectional study which involved 180 parents of children with schizophrenia and parents with aged matched non-schizophrenic children as a control group; consisting of 45 parents of children with schizophrenia and 135 parents of non-schizophrenic children. The parental relationship was examined by using the Indonesian version of Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale IV (Indonesian version of FACES IV). Our study revealed that 75.6% parents of children with schizophrenia experienced a healthy parental relationship compared to 94.80% in the parents of non-schizophrenic children group. The most prevalent of unhealthy relationship among parents of children with schizophrenia was chaotic disengagement. Parental adherence to give medication for their child with schizophrenia was better if they had a healthy parental relationship. In conclusion, a small number of Indonesian parents with schizophrenic children experienced an unhealthy parental relationship. Therefore, psycho-education and supportive psychotherapy still needed to facilitate those families to express their emotion adapt and cope.

  17. Participation in the 1996 Arlindo Cruise to the Indonesian Seas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marra, John

    1997-01-01

    The objective of Arlindo-Productivity is to understand the factors responsible for regional differences in the response of phytoplankton and zooplankton to the SE and NW Monsoons in Indonesia. The hypothesis is that an interplay between circulation and shoaling of the nutricline, as a response to the monsoons, regulates productivity in the Indonesian Seas. My o@jective for the cruise in 1996 was to continue our collaboration with Indonesian scientists by conducting a set of hydrographic, primary production and spectral irradiance observations in the Indonesian Seas. This grant paid for shipping, travel and incidental costs associated with participation in the cruise in December, 1996. Ship costs were borne by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences as part of the collaborative effort. A plan for Arlindo in 1996 was agreed upon in March, 1996, by Indonesian scientists together with Arnold Gordon. The plan called for a 20-day physical oceanography and mooring cruise in November, 1996, followed by a 5-day bio-optical cruise. The bio-optical cruise departed from, and returned to, Ambon, and sampled in the Banda Sea. We completed a series of chlorophyll analyses, both a sampling of surface variability and depth profiles in the Banda Sea. We also completed three MER profiles for depth profiles of spectral irradiance. These data have a useful by-product in that they can be used for vicarious calibration of the OCTS sensor aboard the ADEOS satellite. As such, the data has been transmitted to NASDA in Japan for their use.

  18. Indonesian Basic Course: Volume XVII. Readings in Social and Political Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.

    This 7-unit reader written in Bahasa Indonesian deals with national issues in Indonesia and is used by official United States military personnel after 40 weeks of instruction in Bahasa Indonesian. The topics discussed are: (1) Nationalism in Indonesia, (2) The Chinese Minority, (3) The Military and Politics in Indonesia, (4) The Indonesian Farmer,…

  19. Factors associated with obesity in Indonesian adolescents.

    PubMed

    Collins, Allison E; Pakiz, Bilge; Rock, Cheryl L

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. To investigate adolescent eating, activity, and behavioral patterns, and attitudes and their associations with obesity in selected communities in Indonesia. DESIGN. A cross-sectional questionnaire and physical measurement-based study in three communities of varying modernization levels in Indonesia (Yogyakarta, Kuta, and Jakarta). Subjects. 1758 middle school students (aged 12-15 years) recruited at six different schools: one public and one private school in each of the three target communities. MEASUREMENTS. The questionnaire collected data on demographic characteristics (age, gender, ethnicity, estimated household income); fast food eating habits (frequency, types of food/restaurant, general beliefs about fast foods); television, computer, and Play Station usage; physical activity (hrs/wk of participation in physical activity, transportation means for attending school); and eating habits (frequency of consuming selected foods and beverages). Student's height and weights were obtained, body mass index (BMI: weight [kg]/height [m(2)]) was calculated, and obesity was defined as ≥95%, using the BMI-for-age cut-offs from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) charts. RESULTS. Chi-square analysis revealed associations between obesity and community setting, family income, use of a computer or Play Station, type of transportation to school, and beliefs about fast foods (P<0.01). According to the logistic regression analysis, adolescents from families with incomes over Rp 2 mil were three times as likely to be obese (95% CI 1.9, 4.9) and boys were 2.6 times more likely to be obese (95% CI 1.5, 4.5). CONCLUSION. Greater likelihood of obesity among Indonesian adolescents who spend greater amounts of time using a computer or Play Station suggests that such sedentary activities may be replacing physical activity, promoting an energy imbalance, and subsequently, an increased risk for obesity.

  20. Reducing governmental interventions in families by licensing parents.

    PubMed

    Westman, J C

    1997-01-01

    Government has played an increasing role in family life because too many parents have not fulfilled their childrearing responsibilities. The misuse of parental power in child abuse and the abdication of parental responsibilities in child neglect have necessitated governmental interventions in order to protect children. A parent license would validate parental rights, establish parental responsibility, and provide a basis for the societal support of parenting in the form of financial benefits, parent education and training, and protective services for children when necessary. By generally increasing competent parenting, it would substantially reduce the need for governmental interventions in families.

  1. Schoolchildren, Governmentality and National E-Safety Policy Discourse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hope, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    The introduction of widespread school Internet access in industrialised countries has been accompanied by the materialisation of what can be labelled as a national school e-safety agenda. Drawing upon Foucault's notions of discourse and governmentality, this paper explores how e-safety policy documents serve to constrain the conceptual…

  2. 47 CFR 76.1505 - Public, educational and governmental access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1505 Public, educational and governmental access. (a) An open video system operator shall be subject to public, educational and... video system operator must ensure that all subscribers receive any public, educational and...

  3. 47 CFR 76.1505 - Public, educational and governmental access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1505 Public, educational and governmental access. (a) An open video system operator shall be subject to public, educational and... video system operator must ensure that all subscribers receive any public, educational and...

  4. Governmentality as a Genealogical Toolbox in Historical Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersson, Janicke

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to show how governmentality may be used to analyze historical events and discourses, and how this historical analysis can be used as a perspective to problematize contemporary discourses. The example used in this article is from my research on life-extension handbooks published in Sweden 1700-1930, and by this I stress…

  5. Governmental, Political and Pedagogic Subjectivation: Foucault "with" Ranciere

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simons, Maarten; Masschelein, Jan

    2010-01-01

    Starting from a Foucaultian perspective, the article draws attention to current developments that neutralise democracy through the "governmentalisation of democracy" and processes of "governmental subjectivation". Here, ideas of Ranciere are introduced in order to clarify how democracy takes place through the paradoxical process of "political…

  6. Developing Governmentality: Conduct [to the third power] and Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillies, Donald

    2008-01-01

    This article examines education policy and the policy process in the light of two key concepts. The first is the concept of "governmentality" from the work of Michel Foucault (1991). The second is the concept of "political spectacle" from the work of Murray Edelman (1985, 1988). Taking note, further, of recent work by…

  7. 29 CFR 503.3 - Coordination among Governmental agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Coordination among Governmental agencies. 503.3 Section 503.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... SECTION 214(c)(1) OF THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT General Provisions § 503.3 Coordination...

  8. 7 CFR 1150.154 - Influencing governmental action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Influencing governmental action. 1150.154 Section 1150.154 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PROMOTION PROGRAM...

  9. Global governmentality: Biosecurity in the era of infectious diseases.

    PubMed

    Jappah, Jlateh Vincent; Smith, Danielle Taana

    2015-01-01

    This paper uses Foucault's concept of governmentality to examine relationships between globalisation, the threat of infectious diseases and biosecurity. It draws attention to forms of calculated practices which Foucault notes as technologies of power that aim to foster positive demographic and economic trends in societies through the apparatus of security. These practices are employed at the global level with similar ambitions; hence, we adopt the term global governmentality. We discuss the applications of global governmentality by actors in the global core through the apparatus of security and (neo)liberal economic practices. We then provide examples of resistance/contestation from actors mainly in the global periphery through discussions of viral sovereignty; access to essential medicines, including HIV drugs; and health for all as a human right. We conclude that despite the core-periphery power asymmetry and competing paradigms, these developments tend to complement and/or regulate the phenomenon termed global governmentality, which is made evident by the tremendous successes in global health.

  10. The Neoliberal Racial Project: The Tiger Mother and Governmentality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhee, Jeong-eun

    2013-01-01

    Combining the conceptual approach of racial formation and racial projects with the Foucauldian concept of governmentality, Jeong-eun Rhee theorizes the "neoliberal racial project" (NRP) and examines contemporary meanings and operations of race and racism in relation to neoliberalism. She analyzes Amy Chua's popular parenting memoir,…

  11. Higher Education and the Unholy Crusade Against Governmental Regulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Harry T.

    Issues pertaining to increasing government regulation of higher education, monetary and nonmonetary costs of such regulation, and court cases and legislation that illustrate the academic autonomy versus governmental interference conflict are considered in this book by a circuit judge. It is suggested that although colleges and universities have…

  12. Governmental Immunity: Legal Basis and Implications for Public Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connors, Eugene T.

    The concept of sovereign immunity in English law originated in both early canon law and the feudal system, became formalized in case law under King Henry II, and as the royal prerogative, became established into statutory law under King Henry VIII. This concept of governmental immunity was adopted by the states when the union was founded. The case…

  13. Governmental Immunity for Public Education: A Shield of Legal Protection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aitken, Joan E.

    The American tradition of sovereign immunity and the Eleventh Amendment of the United States Constitution have provided certain legal protection to government personnel, including leaders of public elementary, secondary, and post-secondary institutions, but the concept of governmental immunity may be difficult to understand as it applies to…

  14. Washback of English National Examination in the Indonesian Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furaidah; Saukah, Ali; Widiati, Utami

    2015-01-01

    This study examines how teachers teach English to prepare students for high-stakes English national examination in the Indonesian context. Data were collected from two high-achieving and three low-achieving schools with eleven teachers as the subjects of in-depth interviews and non-participatory classroom observations. The findings reveal that…

  15. The Design of Lexical Database for Indonesian Language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gunawan, D.; Amalia, A.

    2017-03-01

    Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI), an official dictionary for Indonesian language, provides lists of words with their meaning. The online version can be accessed via Internet network. Another online dictionary is Kateglo. KBBI online and Kateglo only provides an interface for human. A machine cannot retrieve data from the dictionary easily without using advanced techniques. Whereas, lexical of words is required in research or application development which related to natural language processing, text mining, information retrieval or sentiment analysis. To address this requirement, we need to build a lexical database which provides well-defined structured information about words. A well-known lexical database is WordNet, which provides the relation among words in English. This paper proposes the design of a lexical database for Indonesian language based on the combination of KBBI 4th edition, Kateglo and WordNet structure. Knowledge representation by utilizing semantic networks depict the relation among words and provide the new structure of lexical database for Indonesian language. The result of this design can be used as the foundation to build the lexical database for Indonesian language.

  16. MHC class I characterization of Indonesian cynomolgus macaques

    PubMed Central

    Pendley, Chad J.; Becker, Ericka A.; Karl, Julie A.; Blasky, Alex J.; Wiseman, Roger W.; Hughes, Austin L.; O’Connor, Shelby L.; O’Connor, David H.

    2008-01-01

    Cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) are quickly becoming a useful model for infectious disease and transplantation research. Even though cynomolgus macaques from different geographic regions are used for these studies, there has been limited characterization of full-length Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) Class I immunogenetics of distinct geographic populations. Here, we identified 48 MHC class I cDNA nucleotide sequences in eleven Indonesian cynomolgus macaques, including 41 novel Mafa-A and Mafa-B sequences. We found seven MHC class I sequences in Indonesian macaques that were identical to MHC class I sequences identified in Malaysian or Mauritian macaques. Sharing of nucleotide sequences between these geographically distinct populations is also consistent with the hypothesis that Indonesia was a source of the Mauritian macaque population. In addition, we found that the Indonesian cDNA sequence Mafa-B*7601 is identical throughout its peptide binding domain to Mamu-B*03, an allele that has been associated with control of SIV viremia in Indian rhesus macaques. Overall, a better understanding of the MHC class I alleles present in Indonesian cynomolgus macaques improves their value as a model for disease research and it better defines the biogeography of cynomolgus macaques throughout Southeast Asia. PMID:18504574

  17. Indonesian Basic Course: Volume III, Lessons 17-24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

    This field-test edition of the revised "Indonesian Basic Course" was prepared by the Defense Language Institute. Lessons include materials on: (1) location, question words, and classifiers; (2) negative requests and time words; (3) duration; (4) nouns; (5) relative pronouns and adjectives; (6) disbelief or amazement; and (7) reduplication of…

  18. About Categories of Tense and Aspect in Indonesian/Malay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alieva, Natalia F.

    This paper examines whether there is a grammatical category of tense in the Indonesian/Malay language (IML), suggesting that IML has a syntactical category of tense that serves to grammaticize time relations in a clause predicate which is not necessarily verbal. The discussion takes a systemic view of grammatical categories in an analytical…

  19. Indonesian Basic Course: Volume XIV. Outline of History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.

    This 10-unit volume dealing with historical events in Indonesia is used in the advanced phase of the Indonesian Basic Course for United States military personnel. The objectives of the course are: (1) to relate the significant history of the area, (2) to expand the student's vocabulary, and (3) to develop the student's linguistic skills. The ten…

  20. Reading for Meaning: Problematizing Inclusion in Indonesian Civic Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fearnley-Sander, Mary; Moss, Julianne; Harbon, Lesley

    2004-01-01

    This paper reports on the use of the "Index for Inclusion" in five socioeconomically different primary school contexts in Indonesia. The research was designed and developed through Australian and Indonesian teachers and teacher educators collaborative efforts over a year. The work took place during the post-Suharto reform period and…

  1. Hedging and Boosting in English and Indonesian Research Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanjaya, I Nyoman Suka

    2013-01-01

    The present cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary study was aimed at exploring the similarities and differences between English and Indonesian research articles from the disciplines of applied linguistics and chemistry in terms of frequency of usage of hedges (e.g. "perhaps," "may") and boosters (e.g. "clearly,"…

  2. Cyberbully, Cybervictim, and Forgiveness among Indonesian High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Safaria, Triantoro; Tentama, Fatwa; Suyono, Hadi

    2016-01-01

    Cyberbullying has been commonplace practice among Indonesian teenagers engaging in on-line space. However, this phenomenon has not been extensively researched in the context of Indonesia. This present study aims to examine the extent to which level of forgiveness contribute to varying degrees of cyberbullying. It is a quantitative in which the…

  3. Performance Indicators in Indonesian Universities: The Perception of Academics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaus, Nurdiana; Hall, David

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the perceptions of Indonesian academics towards the implementation of Performance Indicators (PIs) on teaching and research. The study was a case study using semi-structured interviews, conducted with 30 academics in three state universities in Indonesia. The results of the study revealed academics believed that outcome…

  4. Cultural Studies of Education: Filming Fluid Subjectivities in Indonesian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logli, Chiara

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on the Indonesian film "Cin(T)a," which features the interfaith and multiethnic love between two college students. I apply intergroup contact theory, critical pedagogy and grounded cosmopolitanism to the reading of the movie in order to demonstrate two key points. First, higher education is a contact zone, where…

  5. Lesson Study as Practice: An Indonesian Elementary School Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suratno, Tatang

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the "practice architectures"; and "ecologies of practice" of LS (lesson study) in an Indonesian private elementary school. It aims at drawing on LS as a form of professional learning from the perspective of contemporary practice theory (Kemmis, Wilkinson, Hardy, & Edwards-Groves, 2009; Kemmis, 2009a,…

  6. Islamic and Indonesianic Characters Perspective of Higher Education of Muhammadiyah

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tobroni; Purwojuwono, Ribut

    2016-01-01

    The study aims to describe the educational model of Islamic and Indonesianic character in Muhammadiyah, perspective of phenomenological studies at School of Higher Education Teaching (STKIP) of Muhammadiyah Sorong of Papua Province Indonesia. The study is done by using qualitative approach with phenomenological paradigm. The main data was obtained…

  7. Modernization of Indonesian Islamic Schools' Curricula, 1945-2003

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuhdi, Muhammad

    2006-01-01

    As the most populous Muslim country in the world, Indonesia has a unique experience in dealing with Islamic education, a system that was established years before the country's independence. This paper summarizes the development of Indonesian Islamic schools with special reference to their changing curricula. Using the social constructionist…

  8. Degree and Gender Distinctions among Indonesian Graduate Officials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmier, Leslie

    1986-01-01

    The results of a study of patterns in the awarding of Indonesian higher education degrees are reported. The study looked at sex and age of graduates as it related to their type and level of degree, type of institution, area of study, and employment and promotion patterns. (Author/MSE)

  9. The development of indonesian online game addiction questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Jap, Tjibeng; Tiatri, Sri; Jaya, Edo Sebastian; Suteja, Mekar Sari

    2013-01-01

    Online game is an increasingly popular source of entertainment for all ages, with relatively prevalent negative consequences. Addiction is a problem that has received much attention. This research aims to develop a measure of online game addiction for Indonesian children and adolescents. The Indonesian Online Game Addiction Questionnaire draws from earlier theories and research on the internet and game addiction. Its construction is further enriched by including findings from qualitative interviews and field observation to ensure appropriate expression of the items. The measure consists of 7 items with a 5-point Likert Scale. It is validated by testing 1,477 Indonesian junior and senior high school students from several schools in Manado, Medan, Pontianak, and Yogyakarta. The validation evidence is shown by item-total correlation and criterion validity. The Indonesian Online Game Addiction Questionnaire has good item-total correlation (ranging from 0.29 to 0.55) and acceptable reliability (α = 0.73). It is also moderately correlated with the participant's longest time record to play online games (r = 0.39; p<0.01), average days per week in playing online games (ρ = 0.43; p<0.01), average hours per days in playing online games (ρ = 0.41; p<0.01), and monthly expenditure for online games (ρ = 0.30; p<0.01). Furthermore, we created a clinical cut-off estimate by combining criteria and population norm. The clinical cut-off estimate showed that the score of 14 to 21 may indicate mild online game addiction, and the score of 22 and above may indicate online game addiction. Overall, the result shows that Indonesian Online Game Addiction Questionnaire has sufficient psychometric property for research use, as well as limited clinical application.

  10. The impact of the Indonesian Throughflow and tidal mixing on the summertime sea surface temperature in the western Indonesian Seas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kida, Shinichiro; Wijffels, Susan

    2012-09-01

    A numerical model is used to investigate how the Indonesian Throughflow and tidal mixing are affecting the seasonal cycle of the sea surface temperature (SST) in the Indonesian Seas. The SST in these seas is considered to play a major role on the development of the Australian Summer Monsoon. Based on a quantitative assessment of the heat budget, the Indonesian Throughflow is found to affect the SST in the western Indonesian Seas primarily during Austral summer. The Throughflow advects the warm water from the Pacific and maintains the warm SST when the Northwestern Monsoonal wind induces coastal upwelling along the northern side of the Nusa Tenggara and cools the SST. Such balance is supported by observations. The hydrographic sections show the isotherms tilting upward toward the northern coast of the Nusa Tenggara when satellite observations show slight decrease of the SST in the region. Tidal mixing is found to cool the SST during summer the most. This is because the Northwest Monsoonal wind induces coastal upwelling near where strong tidal mixing above seamount occurs and brings the tidally well-mixed upper thermocline water to the surface. The surface Ekman flow also spreads this cool water around the Banda Sea where tidal mixing does not occur. The impact of tidal mixing on the SST is also found to come largely from that occurring above seamounts. The impact of tidal mixing on the continental shelves is limited to shelf-breaks because cold subsurface water is necessary for enhanced vertical mixing to cool the SST.

  11. Ethical concerns for telemental health therapy amidst governmental surveillance.

    PubMed

    Lustgarten, Samuel D; Colbow, Alexander J

    2017-01-01

    Technology, infrastructure, governmental support, and interest in mental health accessibility have led to a burgeoning field of telemental health therapy (TMHT). Psychologists can now provide therapy via computers at great distances and little cost for parties involved. Growth of TMHT within the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and among psychologists surveyed by the American Psychological Association (APA) suggests optimism in this provision of services (Godleski, Darkins, & Peters, 2012; Jacobsen & Kohout, 2010). Despite these advances, psychologists using technology must keep abreast of potential limitations to privacy and confidentiality. However, no scholarly articles have appraised the ramifications of recent government surveillance disclosures (e.g., "The NSA Files"; Greenwald, 2013) and how they might affect TMHT usage within the field of psychology. This article reviews the current state of TMHT in psychology, APA's guidelines, current governmental threats to client privacy, and other ethical ramifications that might result. Best practices for the field of psychology are proposed. (PsycINFO Database Record

  12. Non-Governmental Religious Schools in Germany--Increasing Demand by Decreasing Religiosity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheunpflug, Annette

    2015-01-01

    This paper addresses the situation of non-governmental religious schools in Germany. The available empirical data demonstrate an increasing demand for these schools in recent decades. In this paper, possible causes of this development are discussed. First, the given constitutional framework for religion in governmental and non-governmental schools…

  13. Police and pastoral power: governmentality and correctional forensic psychiatric nursing.

    PubMed

    Holmes, Dave

    2002-06-01

    Police and pastoral power: governmentality and correctional forensic psychiatric nursing Since 1978, the federal inmates of Canada have had access to a full range of psychiatric care within the penitentiary system. Several psychiatric units are now integrated into the correctional services of Canada. This paper presents the results of a grounded theory doctoral study undertaken in a multilevel secured psychiatric ward within the Canadian federal penitentiary system. The author describes and discusses the results of qualitative data that emerged from his fieldwork. The concept of governmentality, as defined by the late French philosopher Michel Foucault, constitutes one of the major theoretical tools that were helpful in analyzing these data. Police and pastoral power, two dimensions of the security apparatus of governmentality, were found to be useful in understanding and characterizing nursing practice caught between the penal and the psychiatric dispositifs. A Foucauldian perspective allows one to understand the manner in which forensic psychiatric nursing is involved in the governance of mentally ill inmates through three forms of power - sovereign, disciplinary and pastoral - which have posited nursing practice as a strategic tool of the correctional services. This research consists of a study of nursing practice in an extreme setting that deserves a radical analysis.

  14. Conceptualizing Poverty: A Look Inside the Indonesian Household

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-10-01

    As a result of the recent crisis in Indonesia, the question of how to conceptualize poverty is on the forefront of the nation’s social and political...agenda. Through an in-depth look inside the Indonesian household, this paper explores the continual tension in the poverty literature between the...reductionists’ who confine poverty to a limited set of variables, and the generalists’ who believe that poverty is a broader, more complex phenomena

  15. A Model for Effective Performance in the Indonesian Navy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-06-01

    CODES 1 8 SUBECT TERMS (Continue on reverie , neceuar, and ,denmr.y by block number) : t Tmanagement competencies, ECHO, AMA Model, Indonesian Navy, U.S...than 1,800 "real managers" over a five year period, by using standard of performance for each manager’s job, and produced a criterion-validated model...methods that are not tied to the standard of performance for real managers. 13 0_o , AMA defines competencies as generic knowledge, motives, traits

  16. Indonesian Politics in the 1980s: Pressure and Counterpressure,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-04-01

    341945 generation " has naturally reduced the number of men able to use for political ends divisional comradeships forged during the revolution. • -4...of politically operational disillusionment among officers with experience in that theater. As for generations of classmates, it is hard to identify...AD-AO 5 78 DEPARTMENT OF STATE WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF EXTERNAL-ETC F/6 5/4 INDONESIAN POLITICS IN THE 198OS: PRESSURE AND COUNTERPRESSURE,(U) APR 81

  17. The Indonesian Throughflow and the Global Climate System.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schneider, Niklas

    1998-04-01

    The role of the Indonesian Throughflow in the global climate system is investigated with a coupled ocean-atmosphere model by contrasting simulations with realistic throughflow and closed Indonesian passages.The Indonesian Throughflow affects the oceanic circulation and thermocline depth around Australia and in the Indian Ocean as described in previous studies and explained by Sverdrup transports. An open throughflow thereby increases surface temperatures in the eastern Indian ocean, reduces temperatures in the equatorial Pacific, and shifts the warm pool and centers of deep convection in the atmosphere to the west. This control on sea surface temperature and deep convection affects atmospheric pressure in the entire Tropics and, via atmospheric teleconnections, in the midlatitudes. As a result, surface wind stress in the entire Tropics changes and meridional and zonal gradients of the tropical thermocline and associated currents increase in the Pacific and decrease in the Indian Ocean. The response includes an acceleration of the equatorial undercurrent in the Pacific, and a deceleration in the Indian Ocean. Thus the Indonesian Throughflow exerts significant control over the global climate in general and the tropical climate in particular.Changes of surface fluxes in the Pacific warm pool region are consistent with the notion that shading by clouds, rather than increases of evaporation, limit highest surface temperatures in the open ocean of the western Pacific. In the marginal seas of the Pacific and in the Indian Ocean no such relationship is found. The feedback of the throughflow transport and its wind forcing is negative and suggests that this interplay cannot excite growing solution or lead to self-sustained oscillations of the ocean-atmosphere system.

  18. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of Indonesian ethnomedical plants.

    PubMed

    Goun, E; Cunningham, G; Chu, D; Nguyen, C; Miles, D

    2003-09-01

    Methylene chloride and methanol extracts of 20 Indonesian plants with ethnomedical uses have been assessed for in vitro antibacterial and antifungal properties by disk diffusion method. Extracts of the six plants: Terminalia catappa, Swietenia mahagoni Jacq., Phyllanthus acuminatus, Ipomoea spp., Tylophora asthmatica and Hyptis brevipes demonstrated high activity in this bioassay system. These findings should stimulate the search for novel, natural product such as new antibacterial and antifungal agents.

  19. Indonesian regional welfare development, 1900-1990: new anthropometric evidence.

    PubMed

    Foldvari, Peter; van Leeuwen, Bas; Marks, Daan; Gall, Jozsef

    2013-01-01

    The study of heights provides a promising approach to a better understanding of the biological welfare of countries and regions for which conventional economic data are relatively sparse. This paper is based on a dataset previously unexploited: the individual records of nearly 10,000 Indonesian men conscripted into the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL) used together with individual data on another 10,000 Indonesians, recorded as part of the Indonesian Family Life Surveys (IFLS). These two sets of records provide the height and place of birth of members of birth cohorts spanning nearly the entire 20th century. Our aim in this paper is to trace the development of average height in Indonesia over the course of the twentieth century. Whereas both average height and average income increased during the second half of the century, we find that this was only after they had diverged in the first half: a divergence similar to the one (frequently discussed in the literature) that had occurred in several other countries toward the end of the 19th century. Using a newly developed "height accounting" method, we estimate that in Indonesia increasing income inequality accounts for about half of this divergence, which gradually disappeared after the Second World War, as income inequality decreased and average height increased until it was rising in tandem with average income.

  20. Overview of Recent and Future Indonesian Throughflow Tasks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sprintall, J.

    2014-12-01

    The tropical Indonesian seas play a central role in the climate system. They lie at the climatological center of the atmospheric deep convection associated with the ascending branch of the Walker Circulation. They also provide an oceanic pathway for the Pacific and Indian inter-ocean exchange, known as the Indonesian throughflow (ITF). The ITF is the only tropical pathway in the global thermohaline circulation. As such, the volume of heat and fresh water carried by the ITF is known to impact the state of the Pacific and Indian oceans as well as air-sea exchange, which modulates the climate system on a variety of timescales. Still, many fundamental questions about the structure and variability of the ITF on climate time scales remain unanswered. Longer time series are needed to understand the links of the vertical ITF transport profile to the IOD and ENSO phenomena and decadal variability, and their implications for climate variations, such as known impacts on precipitation in the Australasian region. This talk will highlight some recent scientific studies of the maritime Indonesian continent, and also discuss a co-ordinated international observational and modeling effort targeted towards identifying the urgent gaps that would lead to an improved understanding of the ITF variability. The ultimate goal of this ITF-Task Team is to provide a scientific basis for developing and evaluating a cost-effective strategy for sustained monitoring of the ITF heat and mass transport over the long term for use in climate models and future predictions.

  1. Isolation of the anaerobic intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira pilosicoli from long-term residents and Indonesian visitors to Perth, Western Australia.

    PubMed

    Margawani, K Rini; Robertson, Ian D; Hampson, David J

    2009-02-01

    Brachyspira pilosicoli is an anaerobic spirochaete that colonizes the large intestine of humans and various species of animals and birds. The spirochaete is an important enteric pathogen of pigs and poultry, but its pathogenic potential in humans is less clear. In the current study, the occurrence of B. pilosicoli in faecal samples from 766 individuals in two different population groups in Perth, Western Australia, was investigated by selective anaerobic culture. Of 586 individuals who were long-term residents of Perth, including children, elderly patients in care and in hospital and individuals with gastrointestinal disease, only one was culture positive. This person had a history of diverticulitis. In comparison, faeces from 17 of 180 (9.4 %) Indonesians who were short- or medium-term visitors to Perth were positive for B. pilosicoli. The culture-positive individuals had been in the city for between 10 days and 4.5 years (median 5 months). Resampling of subsets of the Indonesians indicated that all negative people remained negative and that some positive individuals remained positive after 5 months. Two individuals had pairs of isolates recovered after 4 and 5 months that had the same PFGE types, whilst another individual had isolates with two different PFGE types that were identified 2 months apart. Individuals who were culture-positive were likely to have been either colonized in Indonesia before arriving in Perth or infected in Perth following contact with other culture-positive Indonesians with whom they socialized. Colonization with B. pilosicoli was not significantly associated with clinical signs at the time the individuals were tested, although faeces with wet-clay consistency were 1.5 times more likely (confidence interval 0.55-4.6) than normal faeces to contain B. pilosicoli.

  2. Water mass transformation along the Indonesian throughflow in an OGCM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koch-Larrouy, Ariane; Madec, Gurvan; Blanke, Bruno; Molcard, Robert

    2008-11-01

    The oceanic pathways connecting the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean are described using a quantitative Lagrangian method applied to Eulerian fields from an ocean general circulation model simulation of the Indonesian seas. The main routes diagnosed are in good agreement with those inferred from observations. The secondary routes and the Pacific recirculation are also quantified. The model reproduces the observed salt penetration of subtropical waters from the South Pacific, the homohaline stratification in the southern Indonesian basins, and the cold fresh tongue which exits into the Indian Ocean. These particular water mass characteristics, close to those observed, are obtained when a tidal mixing parameterization is introduced into the model. Trajectories are obtained which link the water masses at the entrance and at the exit of the Indonesian throughflow (ITF), and the mixing along each trajectory is quantified. Both the ITF and the Pacific recirculation are transformed, suggesting that the Indonesian transformation affects both the Indian and Pacific stratification. A recipe to form Indonesian water masses is proposed. We present three major features of the circulation that revisit the classical picture of the ITF and its associated water mass transformation, while still being in agreement with observations. Firstly, the homohaline layer is not a result of pure isopycnal mixing of the North Pacific Intermediate Water and South Pacific Subtropical Water (SPSW) within the Banda Sea, as previously thought. Instead, the observed homohaline layer is reproduced by the model, but it is caused by both isopycnal mixing with the SPSW and a dominant vertical mixing before the Banda Sea with the NPSW. This new mechanism could be real since the model reproduces the SPSW penetration as observed. Secondly, the model explains why the Banda Sea thermocline water is so fresh compared to the SPSW. Until now, the only explanation was a recirculation of the freshwater from the

  3. Summarizing green practices in U.S. hospitals.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Sherryl W

    2010-01-01

    The author used an Internet search to locate hospitals presently practicing green policies. She also included results from a Practice Greenhealth survey. Governmental antecedents and benefits of the green movement were also included. With limited documentation of the green movement in hospitals, the primary goal was to provide a compilation of policies and procedures that may be useful to hospitals considering the implementation of green practices. To that end, approximately 10 case hospitals were highlighted, along with a team of hospitals that collaborated on environmental and patient initiatives. The Practice Greenhealth survey of over 700 member hospitals highlighted additional progress that hospitals have achieved in the green movement.

  4. French colonial medicine in Cambodia: reflections of governmentality.

    PubMed

    Trankell, Ing-Britt; Ovesen, Jan

    2004-04-01

    Studies of colonial medicine, mostly from former British colonies, have shown that colonial medical interventions mostly benefited the European colonisers and often had very little positive effects on the health of the native populations at large. A common assumption is that this was also the case for French colonial medicine in general, and for colonial medicine in Cambodia in particular, and that the unsatisfactory contemporary state of the medical services in the country may be partly explained by its colonial past. As a way to test this assumption, this paper presents an ethnography of colonial medicine in Cambodia in the first decades of the twentieth century. Documents in the Cambodian National Archives provided the primary sources, and their significance was assessed against the background of the authors' experience of medical anthropological research in contemporary Cambodia. Michel Foucault's concept of governmentality is used as the interpretative frame. Elements of colonial governmentality in the medical field included the promotion of modern medicine through the free dispensing of medicines and medical treatment and rudimentary medical training of members of the local population, as well as compulsory vaccinations and surveillance of the colonial subjects. It is concluded that both the idea of medicine as a 'tool of empire' and that of the colonial physician as a humanitarian hero are equally incomplete as general descriptions, and that specific ethnographies of medical policies and practices should be undertaken for particular colonial settings. This paper provides the first anthropological account of colonial medicine in Cambodia.

  5. Integrated care: the impact of governmental behaviour on collaborative networks.

    PubMed

    Mur-Veeman, I; van Raak, A; Paulus, A

    1999-11-01

    Integration of care is necessary to secure the most appropriate match of the individual demands and the organisational and professional supply. Although this is a basic assumption of all the people involved in health and social care, the magnitude and persistence of obstacles to integration is a common problem in most European countries. In this article, we will explore the role of the Dutch government in the complex interplay of forces around the development of integrated care, within networks of collaborating health and social care agencies. By analysing the behaviour of the Dutch government, we will argue that, in principle, the authorities can play a facilitating role here. For several reasons, however, the government appears not to be able to adequately stimulate the establishment of integrated care arrangements. Examples of such ineffective governmental behaviour are measures with contradictory effects and the adoption of a traditional public finance perspective of comprehensive planning. Our conclusion is that, where local networks play a dominant role in integrated care delivery, the most effective governmental steering should be tailored steering, including a mix of specific steering measures suitable to specific local circumstances, combined with more general steering measures, like financial stimuli, based on legislation.

  6. Nah, Baca! Authentic Indonesian Readings. Volume 2: Teachers' Edition [and] Student Workbook [and] Reading Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rafferty, Ellen; Collins, James T.; Barnard, Erlin Susanti; Hiple, David

    The selection of reading texts for second language learners of Indonesian for this volume were based on the desire to provide level-appropriate material, to reflect the diversity of contemporary Indonesian society, and to pique the interest of university students. Included materials are from government publications, Jakarta newspapers, provincial…

  7. Developing Metacognitive and Discursive Activities in the Indonesian Mathematics Education. Results of a Feasibility Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaune, Christa; Cohors-Fresenborg, Elmar; Nowinska, Edyta; Marpaung, Yansen; Handayani, Novi

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on the findings of a German-Indonesian feasibility study, which has been conducted to examine whether a more extensive pilot study could be successful. The objective of the pilot study is to enhance the mathematical skills of Indonesian students in the 7th class by increasing the number of students who can really understand…

  8. Redefining Disability in the Context of "Masyarakat Madani," an Indonesian Model of Inclusive Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agustian, Hendra Y.

    2016-01-01

    The Indonesian model of inclusive society "masyarakat madani" is arguably based on a one-view perspective of Islamic intellectuals. Although it was intended to embrace the whole of society in general, its implications might not reach and permeate the entire society. The unique features of Indonesian society have, to a certain degree,…

  9. Upon the Prevalence of English on Billboard Advertisements: Analyzing the Role of English in Indonesian Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    da Silva, Anna Marietta

    2014-01-01

    Looking at the frequently used English words on billboard ads in Jakarta main streets, one may have a presumptive thought that English will dominate Indonesian language. The assumption, though, has led to the analysis of the role of both languages on billboard ads and the possibility of English control over Indonesian. The study presented…

  10. Set of Frequent Word Item sets as Feature Representation for Text with Indonesian Slang

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sa’adillah Maylawati, Dian; Putri Saptawati, G. A.

    2017-01-01

    Indonesian slang are commonly used in social media. Due to their unstructured syntax, it is difficult to extract their features based on Indonesian grammar for text mining. To do so, we propose Set of Frequent Word Item sets (SFWI) as text representation which is considered match for Indonesian slang. Besides, SFWI is able to keep the meaning of Indonesian slang with regard to the order of appearance sentence. We use FP-Growth algorithm with adding separation sentence function into the algorithm to extract the feature of SFWI. The experiments is done with text data from social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and personal website. The result of experiments shows that Indonesian slang were more correctly interpreted based on SFWI.

  11. Pathways of intraseasonal variability in the Indonesian Throughflow region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schiller, A.; Wijffels, S. E.; Sprintall, J.; Molcard, R.; Oke, P. R.

    2010-08-01

    The recent INSTANT measurements in the Indonesian archipelago revealed a broad spectrum of time scales that influence Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) variability, from intraseasonal (20-90 days) to interannual. The different time scales are visible in all transport and property fluxes and are the result of remote forcing by both the Pacific and Indian Ocean winds, and local forcing generated within the regional Indonesian seas. This study focuses on the time-dependent three-dimensional intraseasonal variability (ISV) in the ITF region, in particular at the locations of the INSTANT moorings at the Straits of Lombok, Ombai and Timor. Observations from the INSTANT program in combination with output from the Bluelink ocean reanalysis provide a comprehensive picture about the propagation of ISV in the ITF region. The reanalysis assimilates remotely sensed and in situ ocean observations into an ocean general circulation model to create a hindcast of ocean conditions. Data from the reanalysis and observations from the INSTANT program reveal that deep-reaching subsurface ISV in the eastern Indian Ocean and ITF is closely linked with equatorial wind stress anomalies in the central Indian Ocean. Having traveled more than 5000 km in about 14 days, the associated Kelvin waves can be detected as far east as the Banda Sea. ISV near the Straits of Ombai and Timor is also significantly influenced by local wind forcing from within the ITF region. At the INSTANT mooring sites the ocean reanalysis agrees reasonably well with the observations. Intraseasonal amplitudes are about ±1.0 °C and ±0.5 m/s for potential temperature and velocity anomalies. Associated phases of ISV are very similar in observations and the reanalysis. Where differences exist they can be traced back to likely deficits in the reanalysis, namely the lack of tidal dissipation, insufficient spatial resolution of fine-scale bathymetry in the model in narrow straits or errors in surface forcing.

  12. Indonesian Throughflow variability over the last glacial cycle (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holbourn, A. E.; Kuhnt, W.; Regenberg, M.; Xu, J.; Hendrizan, M.; Schröder, J.

    2013-12-01

    The transfer of surface and intermediate waters from the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean through the Indonesian archipelago (Indonesian Throughflow: ITF) strongly influences the heat and freshwater budgets of tropical water masses, in turn affecting global climate. Key areas for monitoring past ITF variations through this critical gateway are the narrow passages through the Makassar Strait and Flores Sea and the main outflow area within the Timor Sea. Here, we integrate high-resolution sea surface temperature and salinity reconstructions (based on paired planktic foraminiferal Mg/Ca and δ18O) with X-ray fluorescence runoff data and benthic isotopes from marine sediment cores retrieved in these regions during several cruises with RV'Sonne' and RV'Marion Dufresne'. Our results show that high latitude climate variability strongly influenced ITF intensity on millennial to centennial timescales as well as on longer glacial-interglacial timescales. Marked declines in ITF strength occurred during Heinrich events and the Younger Dryas, most likely related to slowdown of the global thermohaline circulation during colder northern hemisphere climate spells, when deep water production decreased and the deep ocean became more stratified. Additionally, the surface component of the ITF strongly reflects regional windstress and rainfall patterns, and thus the spatial extent and intensity of the tropical convection over the Indonesian archipelago. Our runoff and salinity estimates reveal that the development of the tropical convection was intricately linked to the latitudinal migration of the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). In particular, our data show that the Australian monsoon intensified during the major deglacial atmospheric CO2 rise through the Younger Dryas and earliest Holocene (12.9-10 ka). This massive intensification of the Australian monsoon coincided with a southward shift of the ITCZ, linked to southern hemisphere warming and enhanced greenhouse forcing

  13. Novel Adociaquinone Derivatives from the Indonesian Sponge Xestospongia sp.

    PubMed Central

    He, Fei; Mai, Linh H.; Longeon, Arlette; Copp, Brent R.; Loaëc, Nadège; Bescond, Amandine; Meijer, Laurent; Bourguet-Kondracki, Marie-Lise

    2015-01-01

    Seven new adociaquinone derivatives, xestoadociaquinones A (1a), B (1b), 14-carboxy-xestoquinol sulfate (2) and xestoadociaminals A–D (3a, 3c, 4a, 4c), together with seven known compounds (5–11) were isolated from an Indonesian marine sponge Xestospongia sp. Their structures were elucidated by extensive 1D and 2D NMR and mass spectrometric data. All the compounds were evaluated for their potential inhibitory activity against eight different protein kinases involved in cell proliferation, cancer, diabetes and neurodegenerative disorders as well as for their antioxidant and antibacterial activities. PMID:25927661

  14. Sustainable Energy in Remote Indonesian Grids. Accelerating Project Development

    SciTech Connect

    Hirsch, Brian; Burman, Kari; Davidson, Carolyn; Elchinger, Michael; Hardison, R.; Karsiwulan, D.; Castermans, B.

    2015-06-30

    Sustainable Energy for Remote Indonesian Grids (SERIG) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded initiative to support Indonesia’s efforts to develop clean energy and increase access to electricity in remote locations throughout the country. With DOE support, the SERIG implementation team consists of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Winrock International’s Jakarta, Indonesia office. Through technical assistance that includes techno-economic feasibility evaluation for selected projects, government-to-government coordination, infrastructure assessment, stakeholder outreach, and policy analysis, SERIG seeks to provide opportunities for individual project development and a collective framework for national replication office.

  15. Selected Organizational Factors Affecting Performance of Professional Nurses in North West Bank Governmental Hospitals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thulth, Ahida Saleem; Sayej, Sumaya

    2015-01-01

    Background: Organizational factors are considered to be the cornerstone in achieving psychological and professional security at work, which in turn are positively reflected in job performance both quantitatively and qualitatively. Aim of the Study: The study aimed to assess of selected organizational factors (workload, available recourses and…

  16. Healthcare Personnel's Use of E-Information Sources in Riyadh Governmental Hospitals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khudair, Ahmad A.; Cooke, Louise

    2008-01-01

    ICT has enabled a wide dissemination of information and a sharp increase in the magnitude of electronic information sources. The use of e-information sources by healthcare personnel within Saudi Arabia has received little research attention. This paper discusses the use of e-information sources by healthcare personnel in the kingdom. A…

  17. 31 CFR 315.87 - Payment to governmental agencies, units, or their officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Private Organizations (Corporations, Associations, Partnerships, etc.) and Governmental Agencies, Units... Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC...

  18. 31 CFR 315.87 - Payment to governmental agencies, units, or their officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Private Organizations (Corporations, Associations, Partnerships, etc.) and Governmental Agencies, Units... Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC...

  19. Challenges and Innovations in Surveying the Governmental Public Health Workforce.

    PubMed

    Leider, Jonathon P; Shah, Gulzar; Rider, Nikki; Beck, Angela; Castrucci, Brian C; Harris, Jenine K; Sellers, Katie; Varda, Danielle; Ye, Jiali; Erwin, Paul C; Brownson, Ross C

    2016-11-01

    Surveying governmental public health practitioners is a critical means of collecting data about public health organizations, their staff, and their partners. A greater focus on evidence-based practices, practice-based systems research, and evaluation has resulted in practitioners consistently receiving requests to participate in myriad surveys. This can result in a substantial survey burden for practitioners and declining response rates for researchers. This is potentially damaging to practitioners and researchers as well as the field of public health more broadly. We have examined recent developments in survey research, especially issues highly relevant for public health practice. We have also proposed a process by which researchers can engage with practitioners and practitioner groups on research questions of mutual interest.

  20. Comparative institutional response to economic policy managed competition and governmentality.

    PubMed

    Light, D W

    2001-04-01

    This article provides a comparative conceptual framework for understanding why so many governments found economic policies based on managed competition attractive and yet dangerous to implement. The framework conceptualizes governments as a kind of organizational complex and thus governments as an international population of organizations, each embedded in a state that tries to harness and direct behaviour through what Foucault called "governmentality". This nascent concept is made more robust here and joined with Fligstein's historical research on the response of leading organizations when fundamental change threatens a population of organizations, by embracing a new conception of control that allows them to re-establish their control and pre-eminence. Fligstein studied corporations, but his model can be fruitfully extended to governments. Economic sociology has not to date been able to do much comparative research on institutional responses to economic policy; but this set of case studies and conceptual framework provide such an opportunity.

  1. The revival of death: expression, expertise and governmentality.

    PubMed

    Arnason, Arnar; Hafsteinsson, Sigurjón Baldur

    2003-03-01

    This paper discusses Walter's (1994) assertion that death in the West has recently undergone a revival. In particular it focuses on his claim that this revival is composed of two different strands: a late modern strand and a postmodern strand. The former, according to Walter, is driven by experts who seek to control death, the latter by ordinary people who seek to express their emotions freely. Describing the history and work of Cruse Bereavement Care, the largest bereavement counselling organization in the UK, we question Walter's distinction. We then problematize Walter's suggestion that the revival of death is caused by general social transformations. In contrast we evoke Rose's (1996) work on 'subjectification' and seek to link recent changes in the management of death and grief to permutations in governmental rationality.

  2. Challenges and Innovations in Surveying the Governmental Public Health Workforce

    PubMed Central

    Shah, Gulzar; Rider, Nikki; Beck, Angela; Castrucci, Brian C.; Harris, Jenine K.; Sellers, Katie; Varda, Danielle; Ye, Jiali; Erwin, Paul C.; Brownson, Ross C.

    2016-01-01

    Surveying governmental public health practitioners is a critical means of collecting data about public health organizations, their staff, and their partners. A greater focus on evidence-based practices, practice-based systems research, and evaluation has resulted in practitioners consistently receiving requests to participate in myriad surveys. This can result in a substantial survey burden for practitioners and declining response rates for researchers. This is potentially damaging to practitioners and researchers as well as the field of public health more broadly. We have examined recent developments in survey research, especially issues highly relevant for public health practice. We have also proposed a process by which researchers can engage with practitioners and practitioner groups on research questions of mutual interest. PMID:27715307

  3. Investigation of Indonesian Traditional Houses through CFD Simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suhendri; Koerniawan, M. D.

    2017-03-01

    Modern buildings in Indonesia rely mostly on artificial lighting, heating, cooling and ventilation. It means more energy is used to drive mechanical appliances, and presumably not sustainable. Meanwhile modern buildings consume much energy, traditional architectures are known as the source of knowledge for sustainable, energy efficient and climate responsive design. Noticeably, one of the differences between modern and traditional buildings in Indonesia is shown in their strategy to provide thermal comfort to the user. Traditional buildings use natural ventilation, but modern buildings use mechanical air conditioning. By focusing on wind-driven ventilation, the study aims to investigate natural ventilation strategy of Indonesian traditional house, and their potential improvement to be used in modern Indonesian buildings. Three traditional houses are studied in this research, representing west, central, and east Indonesia. The houses are Lampung traditional house, Javanese traditional house, and Toraja traditional house. CFD simulation is conducted to simulate wind-driven ventilation behaviour and the temperature of the buildings. Concisely, the wind-natural ventilation of case study houses is potential to provide thermal comfort inside the houses. However, the strategy still can be optimized by adding some other passive design strategies: sun-shading; vegetation; or buildings arrangement in the traditional dwelling. Consideration about the roof’s shape and windows position to the roof is important as well to create a uniform air distribution.

  4. Two new stingrays (Chondrichthyes: Dasyatidae) from the eastern Indonesian Archipelago.

    PubMed

    Last, Peter R; White, William T

    2013-01-01

    Two new stingrays, Dasyatis longicauda sp. nov. and Himanturajavaensis sp. nov., are described from material collected in the eastern Indonesian Archipelago. These species, which are both relatively small stingrays (both probably smaller than 40 cm DW), have been confused with closest relatives in the region. Dasyatis longicauda sp. nov., known from West Papua, differs from its congener, the Australian endemic D. fluviorum, in having a slightly lower vertebral count, lower pectoral-radial count, a longer tail, larger and less numerous thorns along the mid-disc and tail, as well as a different CO1 Barcode. Himantura javaensis sp. nov., known only from southern Java (near Cilacap), belongs to a complex of small whiprays which also includes another Indonesian species, H. walga. Apart from major differences in squamation and a different CO1 Barcode, Himantura javaensis is more brownish in coloration, has more vertebrae, a longer tail, smaller eye and orbit, more posteriorly positioned sting, shorter adult claspers, shorter pelvic fin, and differs in various measurements around the head.

  5. Adaptive regulation or governmentality: patient safety and the changing regulation of medicine.

    PubMed

    Waring, Justin

    2007-03-01

    This paper explores how current 'patient safety' reforms offer to change the regulation of medicine. Drawing on existing literature, it is argued that this policy agenda represents a new frontier in medical/managerial relations, introducing a disciplinary expertise within the health service that provides managers with the knowledge and legitimacy to survey and scrutinise medical performance, made real through procedures for incident reporting and root-cause analysis. The extent of regulatory change is investigated, drawing on an ethnographic case study of one hospital. It is shown that, as with other organisational and managerial reforms, doctors are resisting managerial prerogatives through seeking to subvert and 'capture' components of reform. I describe this as 'adaptive regulation' to account for how doctors seek to maintain their regulatory monopoly and limit managerial encroachment. It is speculated, however, that this process could signal the future 'modernisation' of medical professionalism where emerging managerial discourses, within the wider context of public sector reform, are increasingly internalised with medical practice and culture. This leads to new and rearticulated forms of self-surveillance, self-management or 'governmentality', ultimately negating the need for external groups to explicitly manage or regulate professional practice.

  6. Silencing the Subaltern: Nation-State/Colonial Governmentality and Bilingual Education in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Nelson

    2013-01-01

    This article introduces the concept of "nation-state/colonial governmentality" as a framework for analyzing the ways current language ideologies marginalize the language practices of subaltern populations. Specifically, the article focuses on the innate limitations of re-appropriating nation-state/colonial governmentality in an attempt…

  7. Genealogies of Governmentality: Producing and Managing Young Children and Their Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ailwood, Jo

    2004-01-01

    Genealogies, or histories of the present, create critical spaces to remind us of the non-necessity of that which we consider necessary to our lives (Burchell 1993). Further, genealogies of governmentality attempt to create this space with a focus on how conduct is conducted. In this paper I suggest that genealogies of governmentality are one way…

  8. "Languaging the Worker: Globalized Governmentalities in/of Language in Peripheral Spaces"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dlaske, Kati; Barakos, Elisabeth; Motobayashi, Kyoko; McLaughlin, Mireille

    2016-01-01

    In the introduction to the special issue "Languaging the worker: globalized governmentalities in/of language in peripheral spaces", we take up the notion of governmentality as a means to interrogate the complex relationship between language, labor, power, and subjectivity in peripheral multilingual spaces. Our aim here is to argue for…

  9. A Regulatory Model of Governmental Coordinating Activities in the Higher Education Sector.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Fred; Zumeta, William

    1981-01-01

    Compares governmental coordinating activities in the higher education sector with regulatory governmental activities in other industries. Findings indicated that a great percentage of regulatory policies in higher education are based on industrial organization theory-based prescriptive models. The inappropriateness of these policies for higher…

  10. [Prevention of cervical and breast cancer in health services and non-governmental organizations in the city of Buenos Aires].

    PubMed

    Ponce, Marisa

    2013-08-01

    The article analyzes actions for the prevention of cervical and breast cancer in public, private, and employment-based health services and in non-governmental organizations in the city of Buenos Aires. The article seeks to reflect on the reach and limitations of the approaches implemented in the three subsectors of the health care system and the community to prevent women from suffering or eventually dying as a consequence of these diseases, in the fragmented context of a health system with great heterogeneity in access and deep social inequalities in the use of preventive actions. The study utilizes a broad definition of prevention which integrates education, awareness-building and early detection of pre-carcinogenic and carcinogenic lesions, among other medical and non-medical components. The results were obtained using semi-structured interviews with subjects from public hospitals, employment-based health care services, private medical companies and non-governmental organizations with work in cancer prevention. These results show that contrary to a comprehensive approach, each institution limits its actions to only one aspect of prevention, implementing predominately isolated or disconnected actions inadequate to generate an autonomous and well-informed demand for treatment and health care among women.

  11. Genome resource for the Indonesian coelacanth, Latimeria menadoensis.

    PubMed

    Danke, Joshua; Miyake, Tsutomu; Powers, Thomas; Schein, Jacqueline; Shin, Heesun; Bosdet, Ian; Erdmann, Mark; Caldwell, Roy; Amemiya, Chris T

    2004-03-01

    We have generated a BAC library from the Indonesian coelacanth, Latimeria menadoensis. This library was generated using genomic DNA of nuclei isolated from heart tissue, and has an average insert size of 171 kb. There are a total of 288 384-well microtiter dishes in the library (110,592 clones) and its genomic representation is estimated to encompass > or = 7X coverage based on the amount of DNA presumably cloned in the library as well as via hybridization with probes to a small set of single copy genes. This genomic resource has been made available to the public and should prove useful to the scientific community for many applications, including comparative genomics, molecular evolution and conservation genetics.

  12. Friendship and the religiosity of Indonesian Muslim adolescents.

    PubMed

    French, Doran C; Purwono, Urip; Triwahyuni, Airin

    2011-12-01

    Adolescents' religious involvement occurs within a social context, an understudied aspect of which is relationships with peers. This longitudinal study assessed changes in religiosity over 1 year and explored the extent to which these were associated with their friends' religiosity and problem behavior. The first year sample included 1,010 (52.5% female) Muslim 13 and 15 year old Indonesian adolescents; 890 of these were assessed 1 year later. Adolescents were similar to their friends in religiosity. Changes in religiosity from year one to two were associated with friends' religiosity such that adolescents with religious friends were more religious at year two than those with less religious friends. Reductions in religiosity were also associated with the presence of problem behavior, consistent with the inverse relationship between these. Peers may play an important role in the development of adolescent religiousness and exploring these influences deserves further study.

  13. Ornament Problem Suppression in Indonesian License Plate Recognition Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahatmaputra Tedjojuwono, Samuel

    2017-03-01

    Based on the original work of fast performance algorithm in detecting Indonesian license plate, the proposed work will solve the error found in the license plate localization process caused by plate like pattern within the image, which was called the ornament problem. Although not in all cases, this problem could exist when a car has banner, regular pattern, car’s front grill, that could miss understood by the system as license plate letters. The proposed work will implement filtering systems instead of machine learning approach. The filtering methods will follows three steps: detection filter based on the number of elements in the vector, based on the letter proportion of a license plate number, and based on the distance between detected letters. This approach will maintain the fast properties of the original algorithm and will increase the accuracy of localizing the license plate within the given image.

  14. On the Indonesian Throughflow in the OCCAM model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wannasingha, U.; Webb, D. J.; de Cuevas, B. A.; Coward, A. C.

    2003-04-01

    The poster reports on the Indonesian Throughflow as seen in the 1/4-degree version of the OCCAM Global Ocean Model. The model allows us to study the time variation of the flow, its variation with depth and the partition of the flow between the different passages. As expected, most of the transport above 500m is through the Makassar Strait, with deeper transports through the Molucca Sea. However the model also generates significant near surface transport through the Halmahera Sea. The time variation in the total transport is dominated by the annual signal. But in the north, the transport through the individual deep passages shows strong irregular fluctuations with periods between one and two months. In the Molucca and Halmahera Straits this regularly leads to reversal in the total transport.

  15. Current variability at the Pacific entrance of the Indonesian Throughflow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kashino, Yuji; Watanabe, Hidetoshi; Herunadi, Bambang; Aoyama, Michio; Hartoyo, Djoko

    1999-05-01

    Current variability at the Pacific entrance of the Indonesian Throughflow is investigated using direct current and hydrographic measurements. Two moorings with three current meters (depths of 350, 550, and 1050 m) and one conductivity-temperature-depth profiler (260 m) were deployed at 4°1'N, 127°31'E and 3°11'N, 128°27'E between Talaud Islands and Morotai Island (Indonesia) from February 1994 to June 1995. Data from four hydrographic surveys conducted mainly between Mindanao and New Guinea from 1994 to 1996 are also used. The onset of a strong northwestward flow was observed at the southern mooring during boreal winter. In contrast, a southwestward flow containing salty South Pacific water was observed there during boreal summer. This current pattern change matched monsoon change around the mooring sites, suggesting that this variability is a seasonal signal in this region. This current change may occur because of the meridional shift of the Halmahera Eddy associated with an enlargement/diminishment of the Mindanao Dome. Our observation result during summer (the southwestward flow with the South Pacific water at the southern mooring) suggests that the Maluku Sea is one of the eastern routes of the Indonesian Throughflow. The current data also revealed that intraseasonal variability occurs in 50-day oscillations. Because the coherence between wind variability in the tropics with a period of 40-50 days (Madden-Julian Oscillation) and current variability with this period are >0.4, it is possible that the 50-day oscillation in the ocean current is induced by wind variability associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation. The ocean eddy activity with an intrinsic period in this region may also be related to this 50-day oscillation.

  16. Professional Identity, Curriculum and Teaching "Intercultural Communication": An Indonesian Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gandana, Isti; Parr, Graham

    2013-01-01

    Influenced by contemporary research into the interconnectedness of language and culture, many Indonesian teacher education courses have introduced "new" subjects such as "Intercultural Communication" and "Cross-Cultural Understanding", hoping to unsettle their students' traditional assumptions that language is merely…

  17. The Analysis of Social Insurance Benefits Provided for the Indonesian Military Personnel.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-06-01

    RD-RI52 *15 THE ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL INSURANCE BENEFITS PROVIDED FOR in1 THE INDONESIAN MILITARY PERSONNEL(U) NAYAL POSTGRADUATE UNCLSSIIEDSCHOOL...PERIOD COVERED The Analvsis of Social Insurance "aster’s Thesis Benefits Provided for the Indonesian June 1053L 6. PERFORMING ORG. REPORT...It noctomrv and Ienettv by block numbe,) Actuarial Calculation, Benefits , Burial Compensation, rareer Pattern, Contributions, Tndonesian Militarv

  18. Risk Factors of Typhoid Infection in the Indonesian Archipelago

    PubMed Central

    Alba, Sandra; Bakker, Mirjam I.; Hatta, Mochammad; Scheelbeek, Pauline F. D.; Dwiyanti, Ressy; Usman, Romi; Sultan, Andi R.; Sabir, Muhammad; Tandirogang, Nataniel; Amir, Masyhudi; Yasir, Yadi; Pastoor, Rob; van Beers, Stella; Smits, Henk L.

    2016-01-01

    Background Knowledge of risk factors and their relative importance in different settings is essential to develop effective health education material for the prevention of typhoid. In this study, we examine the effect of household level and individual behavioural risk factors on the risk of typhoid in three Indonesian islands (Sulawesi, Kalimantan and Papua) in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago encompassing rural, peri-urban and urban areas. Methods We enrolled 933 patients above 10 years of age in a health facility-based case-control study between June 2010 and June 2011. Individuals suspected of typhoid were tested using the typhoid IgM lateral flow assay for the serodiagnosis of typhoid fever followed by blood culture testing. Cases and controls were defined post-recruitment: cases were individuals with a culture or serology positive result (n = 449); controls were individuals negative to both serology and culture, with or without a diagnosis other than typhoid (n = 484). Logistic regression was used to examine the effect of household level and individual level behavioural risk factors and we calculated the population attributable fraction (PAF) of removing each risk significant independent behavioural risk factor. Results Washing hands at critical moments of the day and washing hands with soap were strong independent protective factors for typhoid (OR = 0.38 95% CI 0.25 to 0.58 for each unit increase in hand washing frequency score with values between 0 = Never and 3 = Always; OR = 3.16 95% CI = 2.09 to 4.79 comparing washing hands with soap sometimes/never vs. often). These effects were independent of levels of access to water and sanitation. Up to two thirds of cases could be prevented by compliance to these practices (hand washing PAF = 66.8 95% CI 61.4 to 71.5; use of soap PAF = 61.9 95%CI 56.7 to 66.5). Eating food out in food stalls or restaurant was an important risk factor (OR = 6.9 95%CI 4.41 to 10.8 for every unit increase in frequency score

  19. 31 CFR 353.87 - Payment to governmental agencies, units, or their officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEFINITIVE UNITED STATES SAVINGS BONDS, SERIES EE AND HH Private Organizations (Corporations, Associations, Partnerships, et cetera) and Governmental Agencies, Units and Officers §...

  20. 31 CFR 353.87 - Payment to governmental agencies, units, or their officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEFINITIVE UNITED STATES SAVINGS BONDS, SERIES EE AND HH Private Organizations (Corporations, Associations, Partnerships, et cetera) and Governmental Agencies, Units and Officers §...

  1. Governmental policies of the County of Lassen toward the utilization of geothermal resources

    SciTech Connect

    Totten, M.A.

    1981-05-01

    The interim geothermal policy adopted is presented. The environmental impacts of the Honey Lake hybrid geothermal power plant are discussed. A partial listing of the governmental organizations which must have input into geothermal decisions is given.

  2. 40 CFR 35.917-6 - Acceptance by implementing governmental units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.917-6 Acceptance by implementing governmental units. A facilities plan submitted...

  3. Norovirus - hospital

    MedlinePlus

    Gastroenteritis - norovirus; Colitis - norovirus; Hospital acquired infection - norovirus ... fluids ( dehydration ). Anyone can become infected with norovirus. Hospital patients who are very old, very young, or ...

  4. Pacar and Tamu: Indonesian women sex workers' relationships with men.

    PubMed

    Wolffers, I; Triyoga, R S; Basuki, E; Yudhi, D; Deville, W; Hargono, R

    1999-01-01

    This article reports on research on the multiple identities and behavior of female prostitutes in Indonesia as they relate to different players in their lives. It is introduced with a review of the literature, which reveals an underlying research bias that prostitutes are a hazard to society and a lack of attention to how they negotiate various aspects of their daily lives. The next sections review the various degrees to which Indonesian women engage in sex work and the concept of multiple identities. The prostitutes support their moves from one identity to another (mother, lover, daughter, sister, sex worker) with various rituals and codes that govern degrees of emotional involvement. The description of the study methodology notes that sex workers from Jakarta (486), Bandung (342), and Surabaya (658) were studied using a variety of means and that this report draws mainly on qualitative findings. The report then discusses why the women begin sex work, the problems that arise when the women attempt to keep their disparate roles discreet, relationships with casual clients and rituals performed with casual clients to enhance cleanliness and prevent disease, relationships with regular clients, relationships with boyfriends, and relationships of older women with men who consider them their "secret wives." The study concludes that the different roles and expected behaviors of these women must be understood to expose their sexual identities. Furthermore, programs to prevent disease must recognize that women who sell sex have complex identities and various types of relationships with men.

  5. Indonesian students' participation in an interprofessional learning workshop.

    PubMed

    Ernawati, Desak Ketut; Lee, Ya Ping; Hughes, Jeffery

    2015-01-01

    Interprofessional learning activities, such as workshops allow students to learn from, with and about each other. This study assessed the impact on Indonesian health students' attitudes towards interprofessional education (IPE) from participating in a workshop on medication safety. The students attended a two-day IPE workshop on medication safety. Thirty-five (48.6%) students completed pre-/post-workshop surveys using a modified Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) survey. The post-workshop survey also had a series of open-ended questions. Students' responses to each RIPLS statement pre-/post-workshop were compared, whilst their responses to open-ended questions in post-workshop survey were thematically analysed. Students reported positive attitudinal changes on statements of shared learning and teamwork sub-scale (Wilcoxon p value <0.05). Analysis of the open-ended questions indicated that students perceived the workshop as having improved their understanding on the importance of teamwork and communication skills. This study found that learning with other health students through an IPE workshop improved medical, nursing and pharmacy students' attitudes towards the importance of shared learning, teamwork and communication in healthcare service.

  6. Contribution of peat fires to the 2015 Indonesian fires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaiser, Johannes W.; Heil, Angelika; Wooster, Martin J.; van der Werf, Guido R.

    2016-04-01

    Indonesia experienced widespread fires and severe air quality degradation due to smoke during September and October 2015. The fires are thought to have originated from the combination of El-Niño-induced drought and human activities. Fires ignited for land clearing escaped into drained peatlands and burned until the onset of the monsoonal rain. In addition to the health impact, these fires are thought to have emitted large amounts of greenhouse gases, e.g. more than Japan over the entire year. The Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) has detected and quantified the fires with the Global Fire Assimilation System (GFAS) and the smoke dispersion with the Chemistry-Integrated Forecasting System (C-IFS) in near real time. GFAS and C-IFS are constrained by satellite-based observations of fire and smoke constituents, respectively. The distinction between peat and above-ground fires is a crucial and difficult step in fire emission estimation as it introduces errors of up to one order of magnitude. Here, we quantify the contribution of peat fires to the total emission flux of the 2015 Indonesian fires by (1) using an improved peat map in GFAS and (2) analysing the observed diurnal cycle of the fire activity as represented in a new development for GFAS. Furthermore, we link the fires occurrence to economic activity by analysing the coincidence with concessions for palm oil plantations and other industrial forest uses.

  7. Hoxc8 early enhancer of the Indonesian coelacanth, Latimeria menadoensis.

    PubMed

    Shashikant, Cooduvalli; Bolanowski, Stacey A; Danke, Joshua; Amemiya, Chris T

    2004-11-15

    Hoxc8 early enhancer controls the initiation and establishment phase of Hoxc8 expression in the mouse. Comparative studies indicate the presence of Hoxc8 early enhancer sequences in different vertebrate clades including mammals, birds and fish. Previous studies have shown differences between teleost and mammalian Hoxc8 early enhancers with respect to sequence and organization of protein binding elements. This raises the question of when the Hoxc8 early enhancer arose and how it has become modified in different vertebrate lineages. Here, we describe Hoxc8 early enhancer from the Indonesian coelacanth, Latimeria menadoensis. Coelacanths are the only extant lobefinned fish whose genome is tractable to genome analysis. The Latimeria Hoxc8 early enhancer sequence more closely resembles that of the mouse than that of Fugu or zebrafish. When assayed for enhancer activity by reporter gene analysis in transgenic mouse embryos, Latimeria Hoxc8 early enhancer directs expression to the posterior neural tube and mesoderm similar to that of the mouse enhancer. These observations support a close relationship between coelacanths and tetrapods and place the origin of a common Hoxc8 early enhancer sequence within the sarcopterygian lineage. The divergence of teleost (actinopterygii) Hoxc8 early enhancer may reflect a case of relaxed selection or other forms of instability induced by genome duplication events.

  8. Spongiapyridine and Related Spongians Isolated from an Indonesian Spongia sp.

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    New compounds 18-nor-3,17-dihydroxyspongia-3,13(16),14-trien-2-one (1), 18-nor-3,5,17-trihydroxyspongia-3,13(16),14-trien-2-one (2), and spongiapyridine (3) and the known compound 17-hydroxy-4-epi-spongialactone A (4) were isolated from an Indonesian sponge of the genus Spongia. The structures of 1–3 were deduced by analyses of physical and spectroscopic data. Diterpene 3 is unusual, as the D-ring is a pyridyl ring system rather than the standard δ-lactone. The structure elucidation of this compound was complicated by facile exchange of the axial proton at the C-11 methylene with deuterium from methanol-d4. The isolated compounds were tested for biological activity in a battery of in vitro assays (TNF-α-induced NFκB, LPS-induced iNOS, RXR stimulation, quinone reductase 1 induction, aromatase inhibition, TRPM7 ion channels, and aspartic protease BACE1 inhibition). Norditerpene 2 modestly inhibited aromatase with an IC50 of 34 μM and induced quinone reductase 1 activity with a CD (the concentration needed to double the enzymatic response) of 11.2 μM. The remaining isolates were inactive. PMID:24992702

  9. Allele frequency of CODIS 13 in Indonesian population.

    PubMed

    Untoro, Evi; Atmadja, Djaja Surya; Pu, Chang-En; Wu, Fang-Chi

    2009-04-01

    Since the first application of DNA technology in 1985 in forensic cases, and the acceptance of this technology in 1988 at court, the DNA typing is widely used in personal identification, parentage cases and tracing the source of biological samples found in the crime scene. The FBI on 1990 had recommended the forensic labs to used 13 loci of Short Tandem Repeats (STR), known as CODIS 13, as the loci of choice for forensic use. The research on the population DNA database on these loci is extremely important for calculating the Paternity Index as well as Matching Probability for forensic application of DNA technology. As many as 402 unrelated persons, consisted of 322 from western part of Indonesia and 80 from eastern part of Indonesia, were chosen as the respondents of this research, after signing the informed consent. The peripheral blood sample was taken using sterile lancets and dropped onto FTA classic cards. The DNA was extracted by FTA purification solution (3x) and TE(-1) (2x), and amplified by PCR mix, either Cofiler or Profiler Plus (Perkin Elmers), followed by sequencing using ABI Prism type 3100 Avant Genetic Analyzer. The analysis showed that the alleles frequencies of Indonesian is specific, different with the other Asian populations with some specific alleles and microvariant were found.

  10. Evidence for Indonesian Throughflow slowdown during Heinrich events 3-5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zuraida, Rina; Holbourn, Ann; Nürnberg, Dirk; Kuhnt, Wolfgang; Dürkop, Anke; Erichsen, A.

    2009-06-01

    We present sea surface and upper thermocline temperature records (60-100 year temporal resolution) spanning marine isotope stage 3 (˜24-62 ka B.P.) from International Marine Global Change Study core MD01-2378 (121°47.27'E and 13°04.95'S; 1783 m water depth) located in the outflow area of the Indonesian Throughflow within the Timor Sea. Stable isotopes and Mg/Ca of the near-surface-dwelling planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides ruber (white) and the upper thermocline-dwelling Pulleniatina obliquiloculata reveal rapid changes in the thermal structure of the upper ocean during Heinrich events. Thermocline warming and increased δ18Oseawater (P. obliquiloculata record) during Heinrich events 3, 4, and 5 reflect weakening of the relatively cool and fresh thermocline flow and reduced export of less saline water from the North Pacific and Indonesian Seas to the tropical Indian Ocean. Three main factors influenced Indonesian Throughflow variability during marine isotope stage 3: (1) global slowdown in thermohaline circulation during Heinrich events triggered by Northern Hemisphere cooling, (2) increased freshwater export from the Java Sea into the Indonesian Throughflow controlled by rising sea level from ˜60 to 47 ka, and (3) insolation-related changes in the Australasian monsoon with associated migration of hydrological fronts between Indian Ocean- and Indonesian Throughflow-derived water masses at ˜46-40 ka.

  11. Potential Problematic Rhetorical Style Transfer from First Language to Foreign Language: A Case of Indonesian Authors Writing Research Article Introductions in English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arsyad, Safnil; Arono

    2016-01-01

    Rhetorical style transfer from first language to a foreign language can be serious problems in academic writing, such as Research Articles (RAs). This study is aimed at analyzing the rhetorical style of Indonesian RA introductions in multiple disciplines written by Indonesian authors and published in Indonesian research journals especially on the…

  12. Developing an Instrument for Measuring Teachers' Mathematics Content Knowledge on Ratio and Proportion: A Case of Indonesian Primary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ekawati, Rooselyna; Lin, Fou-Lai; Yang, Kai-Lin

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we developed an instrument for assessing teachers' mathematics content knowledge (MCK) on ratio and proportion and examined the profile of Indonesian primary teacher's MCK on this topic. The MCK items were administered to 271 Indonesian in-service primary teachers with a variety of educational backgrounds and teaching experiences.…

  13. Declarative Sentence Pattern in "Laskar Pelangi" and "The Rainbow Troops": A Translation Study of Indonesian to English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuswoyo, Heri

    2014-01-01

    This study is entitled "declarative sentence pattern in 'Laskar Pelangi' and 'The Rainbow Troops': A Translation Study of Indonesian to English". In this study, the present writer discusses about the differences & similarities of declarative sentence between Indonesian novel and English translation novel. Further, the data were taken…

  14. The Role and the Use of Indonesian Language in the Teaching and Learning English as a Foreign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arung, Fernandes

    2015-01-01

    Mostly learners and even teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) are still not able to speak grammatically and fluently just because they lack of the Indonesian language proficiency and comprehension. This research was done to investigate how the Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) can assist the teachers and learners of EFL in improving their…

  15. The Implementation of Contextual Approach in Solving Problems Understanding Syntax: "Sentence" Indonesian at Universities in Surakarta, Indonesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wahyuni, Tutik; Suwandi, Sarwiji; Slamet, St. Y.; Andayani

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to: (1) assess the charge textbooks Syntax: "Sentence" bahasa Indonesia is based on a needs analysis; (2) analyzing the breakdown of understanding Syntax: "Sentence" Indonesian with contextual approach; (3) test the effectiveness of understanding Syntax: "Sentence" Indonesian with kontekstua approach.…

  16. Beyond the Classroom: Religious Stressors and Adjustment among Indonesian Muslim Graduate Students in an American Graduate School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukminin, Amirul; Yanto, Fridi; Yanto, Hadi

    2013-01-01

    This paper was to report some of findings from a larger phenomenological study on the lived experience of Indonesian graduate students in a US higher education. Particularly, this paper was to discuss the Indonesian Muslim graduate students' religious life experiences attending an American graduate school. The primary data sources were a…

  17. An Analysis of Indonesian and Japanese Students' Understandings of Macroscopic and Submicroscopic Levels of Representing Matter and Its Changes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahayu, Sri; Kita, Masakazu

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated Indonesian and Japanese students' understandings of macroscopic and submicroscopic levels of representing matter and its changes and the difficulties they have with these concepts. A multiple-choice questionnaire was constructed and delivered to 447 Indonesian and 446 Japanese public senior high school students. The data…

  18. Utilization of natural indicators for borax identification in the Indonesian tofu

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Purbaningtias, Tri Esti; Lestari, Intan Dwi; Wiyantoko, Bayu; Kurniawati, Puji; Sriadryani, Devi

    2017-03-01

    Borax has been found in food products i.e. on the Indonesian Tofu that is often consumed by people. Generally, the identification of borax in food products hard to do by the public. Indicators of natural materials will allow the public to identify the presence of borax in food easier. Qualitative test for borax on Indonesian Tofu showed purple cabbage and sappanwood are the effective natural indicators. The result of determining borax on Indonesian Tofu indicated natural indicator from purple cabbage had the smallest correction factor (with conventional indicators PP) about 4.8%. The results of the validation method for purple cabbage indicator in acid-base titration showed that the purple cabbage indicator is homogenous but unstable. The natural indicators of purple cabbage could not be used again after three days of extraction time based on the results of control chart.

  19. Radiocesium monitoring in Indonesian waters of the Indian Ocean after the Fukushima nuclear accident.

    PubMed

    Suseno, Heny; Wahono, Ikhsan Budi; Muslim

    2015-08-15

    As data on anthropogenic radionuclide concentrations (i.e., (134)Cs and (137)Cs) in Indonesian marine environments including the Indian Ocean are scarce, offshore monitoring has been performed in the West Sumatra and South Java Seas. The activity concentration of (137)Cs ranges from below minimum detectable activity (MDA) to 0.13Bqm(-3) in the surface seawater of the South Java Sea and from lower than MDA to 0.28Bqm(-3) in the surface seawater of the West Sumatra Sea. The concentrations of (137)Cs in the surface seawater of the West Sumatra and South Java Seas are lower than the estimation of (137)Cs concentration in the subsurface waters owing to the input of the North Pacific Ocean via the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF). The concentrations of (134)Cs in the sampling locations were lower than MDA. These results have indicated that these Indonesian marine waters have not yet been influenced by the Fukushima radioactive release.

  20. Using SAR Data for a Numerical Assessment of the Indonesian Coastal Environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gade, Martin; Mayer, Bernhard; Pohlmann, Thomas; Putri, Mutiara; Setiawan, Agus

    2016-08-01

    Within the German-Indonesian pilot study IndoNACE (Indonesian Seas Numerical Assessment of the Coastal Environment) a wealth of SAR data of two dedicated regions in Indonesian waters are being analysed with respect to the imaging of marine oil pollution. Numerical tracer studies using a regional 3-d numerical model are used to aide those analyses and to help understanding the observed seasonal variations in marine oil pollution. Our first results are based on 130 ENVISAT ASAR images of each of the two regions of interest, the 'Western Java Sea' and the 'Makassar Strait' and indicate that most pollution was found in areas of high ship traffic and of intense oil production.

  1. On the transformation of Pacific Water into Indonesian Throughflow Water by internal tidal mixing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koch-Larrouy, Ariane; Madec, Gurvan; Bouruet-Aubertot, Pascale; Gerkema, Theo; Bessières, Laurent; Molcard, Robert

    2007-02-01

    The Indonesian archipelago is characterized by strong internal tides, which are trapped in the different semi-enclosed seas of the archipelago. Using tidal model results a parameterization of the associated 3d tidal mixing is developed. The resulting average vertical diffusivity is 1.5 cm2/s, which independently agrees with the estimates inferred from observations. Introduced in a regional OGCM, the parameterization improves the water mass characteristics in the different Indonesian seas, suggesting that the horizontal and vertical distributions of the mixing are adequately prescribed. In particular, the salinity maximum of the inflow water is reduced along the main route, mainly in the Dewakang sill area. But also it is erased in the Halmahera and Seram seas, the entrance of the eastern route, so that salty waters doesn't penetrate the Banda Sea. As a result the simulated Indonesian Throughflow Water are in good agreement with observations.

  2. Hox gene clusters in the Indonesian coelacanth, Latimeria menadoensis.

    PubMed

    Koh, Esther G L; Lam, Kevin; Christoffels, Alan; Erdmann, Mark V; Brenner, Sydney; Venkatesh, Byrappa

    2003-02-04

    The Hox genes encode transcription factors that play a key role in specifying body plans of metazoans. They are organized into clusters that contain up to 13 paralogue group members. The complex morphology of vertebrates has been attributed to the duplication of Hox clusters during vertebrate evolution. In contrast to the single Hox cluster in the amphioxus (Branchiostoma floridae), an invertebrate-chordate, mammals have four clusters containing 39 Hox genes. Ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii) such as zebrafish and fugu possess more than four Hox clusters. The coelacanth occupies a basal phylogenetic position among lobe-finned fishes (Sarcopterygii), which gave rise to the tetrapod lineage. The lobe fins of sarcopterygians are considered to be the evolutionary precursors of tetrapod limbs. Thus, the characterization of Hox genes in the coelacanth should provide insights into the origin of tetrapod limbs. We have cloned the complete second exon of 33 Hox genes from the Indonesian coelacanth, Latimeria menadoensis, by extensive PCR survey and genome walking. Phylogenetic analysis shows that 32 of these genes have orthologs in the four mammalian HOX clusters, including three genes (HoxA6, D1, and D8) that are absent in ray-finned fishes. The remaining coelacanth gene is an ortholog of hoxc1 found in zebrafish but absent in mammals. Our results suggest that coelacanths have four Hox clusters bearing a gene complement more similar to mammals than to ray-finned fishes, but with an additional gene, HoxC1, which has been lost during the evolution of mammals from lobe-finned fishes.

  3. Highly divergent mussel lineages in isolated Indonesian marine lakes

    PubMed Central

    de Leeuw, Christiaan A.; Knegt, Bram; Maas, Diede L.; de Voogd, Nicole J.; Abdunnur; Suyatna, Iwan; Peijnenburg, Katja T.C.A.

    2016-01-01

    Marine lakes, with populations in landlocked seawater and clearly delineated contours, have the potential to provide a unique model to study early stages of evolution in coastal marine taxa. Here we ask whether populations of the mussel Brachidontes from marine lakes in Berau, East Kalimantan (Indonesia) are isolated from each other and from the coastal mangrove systems. We analyzed sequence data of one mitochondrial marker (Cytochrome Oxidase I (COI)), and two nuclear markers (18S and 28S). In addition, we examined shell shape using a geometric morphometric approach. The Indonesian populations of Brachidontes spp. harbored four deeply diverged lineages (14–75% COI corrected net sequence divergence), two of which correspond to previously recorded lineages from marine lakes in Palau, 1,900 km away. These four lineages also showed significant differences in shell shape and constitute a species complex of at least four undescribed species. Each lake harbored a different lineage despite the fact that the lakes are separated from each other by only 2–6 km, while the two mangrove populations, at 20 km distance from each other, harbored the same lineage and shared haplotypes. Marine lakes thus represent isolated habitats. As each lake contained unique within lineage diversity (0.1–0.2%), we suggest that this may have resulted from in situdivergence due to isolation of founder populations after the formation of the lakes (6,000–12,000 years before present). Combined effects of stochastic processes, local adaptation and increased evolutionary rates could produce high levels of differentiation in small populations such as in marine lake environments. Such short-term isolation at small spatial scales may be an important contributing factor to the high marine biodiversity that is found in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. PMID:27761314

  4. Interactions between tides and other frequencies in the Indonesian seas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robertson, Robin

    2011-01-01

    Interactions of tidal constituents and the transfer of energy from the tidal frequencies to other frequencies are investigated using 3-D tidal simulations for the Indonesian seas, focusing on an area of active internal tides. Semidiurnal tides strongly affect diurnal tides; however, semidiurnal tides are essentially unaffected by diurnal tides. The semidiurnal and diurnal constituents interact with each other through non-linear interference, both destructive and constructive. Semidiurnal tides generate harmonics at nearly the diurnal frequency and higher vertical wavenumbers. In Ombai Strait, these harmonics are out of phase with the diurnal tides and interact destructively with the diurnal tides, effectively negating the diurnal response in some locations. However, this is not a general response, and interactions differ between locations. Energy is also transferred from both semidiurnal and diurnal tides to other frequencies across the spectrum, with more energy originating from semidiurnal tides. These energy transfers are not homogeneous, and the spectral responses differ between the Makassar and Ombai Straits, with the region east of Ombai showing a more active surface response compared to a more intense benthic response in Makassar. In deep water away from topography, velocity spectra generally follow the Garrett-Munk (GM) relation. However, in areas of internal tide generation, spectral density levels exceed GM levels, particularly between 4 and 8 cycles per day (cpd), indicating increased non-linear interactions and energy transfer through resonant interactions. The model indicates strong surface trapping of internal tides, with surface velocity spectra having significantly higher energy between 4 and 8 cpd even 100 km away from the prominent sill generating the internal tides.

  5. Highly divergent mussel lineages in isolated Indonesian marine lakes.

    PubMed

    Becking, Leontine E; de Leeuw, Christiaan A; Knegt, Bram; Maas, Diede L; de Voogd, Nicole J; Abdunnur; Suyatna, Iwan; Peijnenburg, Katja T C A

    2016-01-01

    Marine lakes, with populations in landlocked seawater and clearly delineated contours, have the potential to provide a unique model to study early stages of evolution in coastal marine taxa. Here we ask whether populations of the mussel Brachidontes from marine lakes in Berau, East Kalimantan (Indonesia) are isolated from each other and from the coastal mangrove systems. We analyzed sequence data of one mitochondrial marker (Cytochrome Oxidase I (COI)), and two nuclear markers (18S and 28S). In addition, we examined shell shape using a geometric morphometric approach. The Indonesian populations of Brachidontes spp. harbored four deeply diverged lineages (14-75% COI corrected net sequence divergence), two of which correspond to previously recorded lineages from marine lakes in Palau, 1,900 km away. These four lineages also showed significant differences in shell shape and constitute a species complex of at least four undescribed species. Each lake harbored a different lineage despite the fact that the lakes are separated from each other by only 2-6 km, while the two mangrove populations, at 20 km distance from each other, harbored the same lineage and shared haplotypes. Marine lakes thus represent isolated habitats. As each lake contained unique within lineage diversity (0.1-0.2%), we suggest that this may have resulted from in situdivergence due to isolation of founder populations after the formation of the lakes (6,000-12,000 years before present). Combined effects of stochastic processes, local adaptation and increased evolutionary rates could produce high levels of differentiation in small populations such as in marine lake environments. Such short-term isolation at small spatial scales may be an important contributing factor to the high marine biodiversity that is found in the Indo-Australian Archipelago.

  6. Validation of a regional Indonesian Seas model based on a comparison between model and INSTANT transports

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosenfield, D.; Kamenkovich, V.; O'Driscoll, K.; Sprintall, J.

    2010-08-01

    The International Nusantara Stratification and Transport (INSTANT) program measured currents through multiple Indonesian Seas passages simultaneously over a three-year period (from January 2004 to December 2006). The Indonesian Seas region has presented numerous challenges for numerical modelers — the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) must pass over shallow sills, into deep basins, and through narrow constrictions on its way from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean. As an important region in the global climate puzzle, a number of models have been used to try and best simulate this throughflow. In an attempt to validate our model, we present a comparison between the transports calculated from our model and those calculated from the INSTANT in situ measurements at five passages within the Indonesian Seas (Labani Channel, Lifamatola Passage, Lombok Strait, Ombai Strait, and Timor Passage). Our Princeton Ocean Model (POM) based regional Indonesian Seas model was originally developed to analyze the influence of bottom topography on the temperature and salinity distributions in the Indonesian seas region, to disclose the path of the South Pacific Water from the continuation of the New Guinea Coastal Current entering the region of interest up to the Lifamatola Passage, and to assess the role of the pressure head in driving the ITF and in determining its total transport. Previous studies found that this model reasonably represents the general long-term flow (seasons) through this region. The INSTANT transports were compared to the results of this regional model over multiple timescales. Overall trends are somewhat represented but changes on timescales shorter than seasonal (three months) and longer than annual were not considered in our model. Normal velocities through each passage during every season are plotted. Daily volume transports and transport-weighted temperature and salinity are plotted and seasonal averages are tabulated.

  7. Proxy Records of the Indonesian Low and the El Ni{tilde n}o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) from Stable Isotope Measurements of Indonesian Reef Corals

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, M.D.

    1995-12-31

    The Earth`s largest atmospheric convective center is the Indonesian Low. It generates the Australasian monsoon, drives the zonal tropospheric Walker Circulation, and is implicated in the genesis of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The long-term variability of the Indonesian Low is poorly characterized, yet such information is crucial for evaluating whether changes in the strength and frequency of ENSO events are a possible manifestation of global warming. Stable oxygen isotope ratios ({delta}{sup 18}O) in shallow-water reef coral skeletons track topical convective activity over hundreds of years because the input of isotopically-depleted rainwater dilutes seawater {delta}{sup 18}O. Corals also impose a temperature-dependent fractionation on {delta}{sup 18}O, but where annual rainfall is high and sea surface temperature (SST) variability is low the freshwater flux effect dominates.

  8. Understanding hospitality.

    PubMed

    Patten, C S

    1994-03-01

    Bridging patient/"customer" issues and business aspects can be aided through developing a specific nursing basis for hospitality. The ancient practice of hospitality has evolved into three distinct levels: public, personal and therapeutic. Understanding these levels is helpful in integrating various dimensions of guest relations programs in hospitals into a more comprehensive vision. Hospitality issues must become a greater part of today's nursing management.

  9. Consideration of environmental noise effects in transportation planning by governmental entities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mayo, L. H.

    1975-01-01

    Environmental concerns are reviewed with respect to major transportation systems: the interstate highway system and commercial air transportation. The type of planning that was done for interstate highway systems is described, and the shift in social value emphasis that has become apparent since the interstate system was authorized is considered. Other topics discussed include the constitutional framework for the allocation of governmental power with respect to transportation systems planning, governmental assessment of the aircraft noise problem, and evaluating the social benefit of noise abatement.

  10. Language as "Soft Power" in Bilateral Relations: The Case of Indonesian Language in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, David T.

    2016-01-01

    Since Joseph Nye introduced the concept of "Soft power" in his 1991 book, "Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power", analysts have discussed states' efforts to exercise their influence by attracting and co-opting rather than coercing or using force. This paper will examine enrolments trends in Indonesian language…

  11. The Indonesian's Road Transportations as the Contexts to Support Primary School Students Learning Number Operation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kairuddin; Darmawijoyo

    2011-01-01

    This paper highlights the Indonesian's road transportation contexts, namely, angkot, that used in learning and teaching of addition and subtraction in first grade and second grade MIN-2 Palembang. PMRI approach that adopt from RME [Realistic Mathematics Education] was used in this design research. From teaching experiment was founded that the…

  12. Bali: So Many Faces--Short Stories and Other Literary Excerpts in Indonesian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cork, Vern, Comp.

    This collection of 25 short stories (in Indonesian) by Balinese writers aims to give Bali's writers a wider public. Some of the stories in the collection are distinctly and uniquely Balinese, while others are more universal in their approach and are self-contained. But according to the collection's foreword, in all of the stories, experiences of…

  13. The Oceanic, Atmospheric and Vegetation Response to Pliocene Closing of the Indonesian Passages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krebs-Kanzow, U.; Park, W.; Schneider, B.

    2010-12-01

    Tectonic changes of the Early- to Mid-Pliocene largely modified the Indonesian Passages by constricting and shallowing southerly passages between todays New Guinea and Sulawesi. While nowadays the Indonesian throughflow (ITF) of upper ocean waters from the tropical Pacific to the Indian Ocean primarily occurs through the Makassar Strait, these deepened and widened southerly passages might have been an important alternative pathway which might have influenced the ITF and its water masses and eventually climate of the Indo-Pacific. We study the climate response to changes in the geometry of the Indonesian Passages by using a global climate model (GCM). We compare control experiments using the present day topography (constricted set-up) with experiments using a topography resembling the early Pliocene situation (widened set-up). We find that circulation through the Indonesian Archipelago is considerably changed down to a depth of 1000 meters. In the constricted setting the ITF is weakened while the strength of the Pacific western boundary currents increases. Consistent with recent proxy evidence this results in cooling subsurface waters in the Indian Ocean while surface waters of the Pacific warm pool area exhibit a slight local increase in temperature. We observe strong changes in precipitation of the Indo-Pacific which is related to Sea surface temperature anomalies that do not exceed 1 °C. In particular the Australian continent experiences a pronounced aridification. Using an uncouple vegetation model we demonstrate that the simulated climate change might explain the observed Miocene to Pleistocene desertification of Australia

  14. Purposes of Transnational Higher Education Programs: Lessons from Two Indonesian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutrisno, Agustian; Pillay, Hitendra

    2013-01-01

    While intended to facilitate knowledge transfer from international universities and develop Indonesian universities' capacity, transnational higher education programs (TEPs) in Indonesia have been criticised for operating merely as an international trade in education -- implying discrepancy between the rhetoric and reality surrounding the key…

  15. Indonesian EFL Teachers' Familiarity with and Opinion on the Internet-Based Teaching of Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahyono, Bambang Yudi; Mutiaraningrum, Ira

    2016-01-01

    The use of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) especially the Internet has been a common practice in education. However, research studies show that the Internet has not been frequently used in the teaching of English as a foreign language (EFL) writing, especially in the Indonesian context. This study aimed to find out whether or…

  16. The Teaching of English Pronunciation: Perceptions of Indonesian School Teachers and University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moedjito

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to explore teachers' and students' perception of pronunciation teaching in Indonesian EFL classrooms, particularly on (1) the difficulty of English pronunciation, (2) the reasons for the difficulty, (3) the inclusion of pronunciation in EFL classrooms, (4) the goal of pronunciation teaching, (5) priorities in pronunciation…

  17. Exploring the Writing Process of Indonesian EFL Students: The Effectiveness of Think-Aloud Protocol

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abas, Imelda Hermilinda; Aziz, Noor Hashima Abd

    2016-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to explore the writing process of the Indonesian English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students and to find out the effectiveness of using think-aloud protocol to understand the writing process. The data were obtained from six proficient EFL students who were doing Postgraduate English Language Studies Program in…

  18. Misconceptions about Density of Decimals: Insights from Indonesian Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Widjaja, Wanty; Stacey, Kaye; Steinle, Vicki

    2008-01-01

    Extensive studies have documented various difficulties with, and misconceptions about, decimal numeration across different levels of education. This paper reports on pre-service teachers' misconceptions about the density of decimals. Written test data from 140 Indonesian pre-service teachers, observation of group and classroom discussions provided…

  19. Political Education through the Mass Media? A Survey Of Indonesian University Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamad, Ibnu; Ichtiat, Helmi Qodrat; Zulham

    2001-01-01

    Surveys Indonesian university students to determine how effective the mass media was as an agent of political education in influencing the students' political activities. Notes that the relationship between media consumption and political participation was low. Suggests that several decades of government suppression of so-called "practical…

  20. Topic Mastery and Flow of Thought of Indonesian Students Learning Psycholingustics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indah, Rohmani Nur

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on evaluating students' topic mastery and flow of thought in their Psycholinguistics project paper. Assessing these two aspects means a lot since it will be helpful as a planning tool to approach future better instruction. It was conducted with Indonesian students taking Psycholinguistics course at Humanities Faculty of UIN…

  1. The C677T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene among the Indonesian Javanese population.

    PubMed

    Sadewa, Ahmad Hamim; Sunarti; Sutomo, Retno; Hayashi, Chiyo; Lee, Myeong Jin; Ayaki, Hitoshi; Sofro, Abdul Salam M; Matsuo, Masafumi; Nishio, Hisahide

    2002-12-01

    The presence of the C677T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene has been regarded as a genetic risk factor for coronary artery diseases and neural tube defects. Although the prevalence of this mutation has been reported from various ethnic populations, few data concerning Indonesian populations are available. We have investigated the frequency of the mutation in 68 Indonesian Javanese (residents of Java Island) and compared it with the data from 244 Japanese (residents of Honshu Island). The frequencies of the three genotypes in Javanese were C/C 0.84, C/T 0.16 and T/T 0.00, whereas those in Japanese were C/C 0.39, C/T 0.48 and T/T 0.13. The rarity of the T/T genotype in the Indonesian Javanese population may be due to malnutrition in pregnant women, because insufficient intake of folate is considered to be a survival disadvantage for fetuses with the T/T genotype. In conclusion, homozygosity for the C677T mutation in the MTHFR gene does not constitute a genetic risk factor for coronary artery diseases and neural tube defects in the Indonesian Javanese population.

  2. Motivation and Confidence of Indonesian Teachers to Use English as a Medium of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aritonang, Mangasa

    2014-01-01

    This research paper investigates the motivation and confidence of Indonesian teachers of non-English to learn English and to use it as a medium of instruction resulting from their participation in a blended learning course. The purpose of the English learning for this particular group of teachers was to enable them to create English-speaking…

  3. Personality Differences and Sex Similarities in American and Indonesian College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadiyono, Johana E. P.; Kahn, Marvin W.

    To determine if personality characteristics reflect influences of culture, while sex differences remain similar across cultures, 100 Indonesian and 100 American college students completed the Cattell Clinical Analysis Questionnaire, in the appropriate language. An analysis of the results showed that females in both cultures were higher than males…

  4. Knowledge Transfer through a Transnational Program Partnership between Indonesian and Australian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutrisno, Agustian; Pillay, Hitendra

    2015-01-01

    As transnational programs are often advocated as a knowledge transfer opportunity between the partner universities, this case study investigated the knowledge transfer (KT) processes between Indonesian and Australian universities through an undergraduate transnational program partnership (TPP). An inter-organisational KT theoretical framework from…

  5. Indonesian Adolescents' Spiritual and Religious Experiences and Their Longitudinal Relations with Socioemotional Functioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sallquist, Julie; Eisenberg, Nancy; French, Doran C.; Purwono, Urip; Suryanti, Telie A.

    2010-01-01

    The spirituality and religiosity of Indonesian Muslim adolescents were examined longitudinally as were the relations of spirituality and religiosity with (mal)adjustment. At Time 1 (T1), 959 seventh-grade Muslim adolescents were screened for selection of a sample; at Time 2 (T2), 183 eighth-grade adolescents participated; and at Time 3 (T3), 300…

  6. Indonesian Muslim Adolescents' Use of Tobacco and Alcohol: Associations with Use by Friends and Network Affiliates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    French, Doran C.; Purwono, Urip; Rodkin, Philip

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this longitudinal study were to predict the tobacco and alcohol use of Indonesian Muslim adolescents from their religiosity and the substance use of friends and network affiliates. At Year 1, there were 996 participants from eighth grade (n = 507, age = 13.4 years) and 10th grade (n = 489, age = 15.4); 875 were followed into the…

  7. Religious Involvement and the Social Competence and Adjustment of Indonesian Muslim Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    French, Doran C.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Vaughan, Julie; Purwono, Urip; Suryanti, Telie A.

    2008-01-01

    This study assessed the relation between religious involvement and multiple indices of competence in 183 eighth- and ninth-grade Indonesian Muslim adolescents (M = 13.3 years). The authors assessed spirituality and religiosity using both parent and adolescent reports, and social competence and adjustment using multiple measures and data sources.…

  8. Assessing the Number Knowledge of Children in the First and Second Grade of an Indonesian School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rumiati, Rumi; Wright, Robert

    2010-01-01

    An assessment approach from Mathematics Recovery was used to document the number knowledge of 20 first-graders and 20 second-graders in an Indonesian school. Sixteen first-graders were at the advanced-counting-by-ones stage and fourteen second-graders were facile. As well, fifteen first-graders and eleven second-graders were at the level of an…

  9. A Genre-Based Analysis on the Introductions of Research Articles Written by Indonesian Academics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Safnil

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to search for the occurrence of communicative and subcommunicative units and to identify the linguistic features commonly used by the authors to realize the communicative and subcommunicative units. Three groups of English RAs [research articles] by Indonesian speakers were chosen for this study: 10 RAs from…

  10. Instructional Leadership in Indonesian School Reform: Overcoming the Problems to Move Forward

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sofo, Francesco; Fitzgerald, Robert; Jawas, Umiati

    2012-01-01

    The paper reviews the research on instructional leadership and, through identifying problems emerging in Indonesian school reform, suggests some sustainable solutions. There are some discrepancies in the processes of Indonesia's school reform, and the objectives of the national education reform do not seem to have been reflected in the actual…

  11. A Genre-Based Analysis on the Introductions of Research Articles Written by Indonesian Academics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arsyad, Safnil

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to search for the occurrence of communicative and subcommunicative units and to identify the linguistic features commonly used by the authors to realize the communicative and subcommunicative units. Three groups of English RAs by Indonesian speakers were chosen for this study: 10 RAs from engineering science, ten…

  12. Effects of Prereading Strategies on EFL Reading by Indonesian College Students Having Different Characteristics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diptoadi, Veronica L.

    An Indonesian study on prereading strategies for reading in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) is reported. Three areas were examined: (1) differences in the reading achievement of groups receiving AO ("advance organizer" or meaningful verbal learning, based on the learning theory of David Ausubel) techniques or "Daftar Kata-Kata…

  13. Individual Variation in L2 Study-Abroad Outcomes: A Case Study from Indonesian Pragmatics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassall, Timothy

    2015-01-01

    This is a study of two Australian learners of Indonesian during a short stay abroad. It examines their contrasting success in acquiring L2 address terms, in tandem with their contrasting experiences of the L2 culture setting. It thereby helps explain the persistent finding of great individual variation in L2 gains--and in particular pragmatic…

  14. Indonesian EFL Students' Anxiety in Speech Production: Possible Causes and Remedy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anandari, Christina Lhaksmita

    2015-01-01

    This research examined what causes speech-production-related foreign-language anxiety among Indonesian students majoring in English Language Education. Furthermore, it also looks into whether and how self-reflective activities are able to help these students reduce their anxiety. The data were gathered from a qualitative research conducted on a…

  15. Strategies of Learning Speaking Skill by Indonesian Learners of English and Their Contribution to Speaking Proficiency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mistar, Junaidi; Umamah, Atik

    2014-01-01

    This paper was a subset report of a research project on skill-based English learning strategies by Indonesian EFL learners. It focusses on the attempts to reveal: (1) the differences in the use of strategies of learning speaking skill by male and female learners, and (2) the contribution of strategies of learning speaking skill on the learners'…

  16. The Indonesian Digital Library Network Is Born To Struggle with the Digital Divide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fahmi, Ismail

    2002-01-01

    Describes the Indonesian Digital Library Network that is designed to develop Indonesia as a knowledge-based society. Highlights include the digital divide; problems in a developing country, including Internet accessibility, bandwidth capacity, and network delays; gathering information about national assets; information infrastructure; data…

  17. Indonesian EFL Teachers Professional Knowledge Development during Their Participation in TSG: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munifatullah, Feni; Musthafa, Bachrudin; Sundayana, Wachyu

    2016-01-01

    The study examines three new EFL teachers professional knowledge development through discussion in a "Teacher Study Group" ("TSG") in Indonesian (Asian) context. These three participants have less than five year-teaching experience and teach junior high schools in Bandarlampung in the time of the study. The data were collected…

  18. Loneliness of Indonesian and Chinese Adolescents as Predicted by Relationships with Friends and Parents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Junsheng; Li, Dan; Purwono, Urip; Chen, Xinyin; French, Doran C.

    2015-01-01

    This study explored the extent to which loneliness of Indonesian and Chinese adolescents was predicted by their intimacy and conflict with friends and parents. The total sample included 1,833 thirteen- and fifteen-year-old adolescents recruited from urban schools. Boys reported more loneliness than girls, and Chinese boys reported more loneliness…

  19. Development of taste sensor system for differentiation of Indonesian herbal medicines

    SciTech Connect

    Kaltsum, U.; Triyana, K. Siswanta, D.

    2014-09-25

    In Indonesia, herbal medicines are usually produced by small and medium enterprises which are relatively low in quality control. The purpose of this paper is to report that we have developed a taste sensor system with global selectivity, i.e., electronic tongue (e-tongue) for differentiation of Indonesian herbal medicines. The e-tongue was composed of five kinds of ion selective electrodes as working electrodes, data acquisition system, and pattern recognition system. Each ion selective electrode (ISE) was built by attaching lipid/polymer membrane. For this purpose, the five kinds of membranes were built by mixing lipid, plasticizer (nitrophenyl octyl ether/NPOE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and tetrahydrofuran (THF). In this study, we employed five kinds of lipid, namely oleic acid (OA), dioctyl phosphate (DOP), decyl alcohol (DA), dodecylamine (DDC), and trioctyl methyl ammonium chloride (TOMA). In this case, the membranes transform information of taste substances into electric signal. The five kinds of Indonesian herbal medicine were purchased from local supermarket in Yogyakarta, i.e., kunyit asam (made from turmeric and tamarind), beras kencur (made from rice and kencur), jahe wangi (made from ginger and fragrance), sirih wangi (made from betel leaf), and temulawak (made from Javanese ginger). Prior to detecting the taste from the Indonesian herbal medicine samples, each ion selective electrode was tested with five basic taste samples, i.e., for saltiness, sweetness, umami, bitterness, and sourness. All ISEs showed global selectivity to all samples. Furthermore, the array of ISEs showed specific response pattern to each Indonesian herbal medicine. For pattern recognition system, we employed principle component analysis (PCA). As a result, the e-tongue was able to differentiate five kinds of Indonesian herbal medicines, proven by the total variance of first and second principle components is about 93%. For the future, the e-tongue may be developed for quality

  20. Development of taste sensor system for differentiation of Indonesian herbal medicines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaltsum, U.; Triyana, K.; Siswanta, D.

    2014-09-01

    In Indonesia, herbal medicines are usually produced by small and medium enterprises which are relatively low in quality control. The purpose of this paper is to report that we have developed a taste sensor system with global selectivity, i.e., electronic tongue (e-tongue) for differentiation of Indonesian herbal medicines. The e-tongue was composed of five kinds of ion selective electrodes as working electrodes, data acquisition system, and pattern recognition system. Each ion selective electrode (ISE) was built by attaching lipid/polymer membrane. For this purpose, the five kinds of membranes were built by mixing lipid, plasticizer (nitrophenyl octyl ether/NPOE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and tetrahydrofuran (THF). In this study, we employed five kinds of lipid, namely oleic acid (OA), dioctyl phosphate (DOP), decyl alcohol (DA), dodecylamine (DDC), and trioctyl methyl ammonium chloride (TOMA). In this case, the membranes transform information of taste substances into electric signal. The five kinds of Indonesian herbal medicine were purchased from local supermarket in Yogyakarta, i.e., kunyit asam (made from turmeric and tamarind), beras kencur (made from rice and kencur), jahe wangi (made from ginger and fragrance), sirih wangi (made from betel leaf), and temulawak (made from Javanese ginger). Prior to detecting the taste from the Indonesian herbal medicine samples, each ion selective electrode was tested with five basic taste samples, i.e., for saltiness, sweetness, umami, bitterness, and sourness. All ISEs showed global selectivity to all samples. Furthermore, the array of ISEs showed specific response pattern to each Indonesian herbal medicine. For pattern recognition system, we employed principle component analysis (PCA). As a result, the e-tongue was able to differentiate five kinds of Indonesian herbal medicines, proven by the total variance of first and second principle components is about 93%. For the future, the e-tongue may be developed for quality

  1. Multimorbidity prevalence and pattern in Indonesian adults: an exploratory study using national survey data

    PubMed Central

    Hussain, Mohammad Akhtar; Huxley, Rachel R; Al Mamun, Abdullah

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To estimate the prevalence and pattern of multimorbidity in the Indonesian adult population. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Community-based survey. The sampling frame was based on households in 13 of the 27 Indonesian provinces, representing about 83% of the Indonesian population. Participants 9438 Indonesian adults aged 40 years and above. Main outcome measures Prevalence and pattern of multimorbidity by age, gender and socioeconomic status. Results The mean number of morbidities in the sample was 1.27 (SE±0.01). The overall age and sex standardised prevalence of multimorbidity was 35.7% (34.8% to 36.7%), with women having significantly higher prevalence of multimorbidity than men (41.5% vs 29.5%; p<0.001). Of those with multimorbidity, 64.6% (62.8% to 66.3%) were aged less than 60 years. Prevalence of multimorbidity was positively associated with age (p for trend <0.001) and affluence (p for trend <0.001) and significantly greater in women at all ages compared with men. For each 5-year increment in age there was an approximate 20% greater risk of multimorbidity in both sexes (18% in women 95% CI 1.14 to 1.22 and 22% in men 95% CI 1.18 to 1.26). Increasing age, female gender, non-Javanese ethnicity, and high per-capital expenditure were all significantly associated with higher odds of multimorbidity. The combination of hypertension with cardiac diseases, hypercholesterolemia, arthritis, and uric acid/gout were the most commonly occurring disease pairs in both sexes. Conclusions More than one-third of the Indonesian adult population are living with multimorbidity with women and the more wealthy being particularly affected. Of especial concern was the high prevalence of multimorbidity among younger individuals. Hypertension was the most frequently occurring condition common to most individuals with multimorbidity. PMID:26656028

  2. Seasonal water mass distribution in the Indonesian throughflow entering the Indian Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coatanoan, C.; Metzl, N.; Fieux, M.; Coste, B.

    1999-09-01

    A multiparametric approach is used to analyze the seasonal properties of water masses in the eastern Indian Ocean. The data were measured during two cruises of the Java Australia Dynamic Experiment (JADE) program carried out during two opposite seasons: August 1989 (SE monsoon) and February-March 1992 (NW monsoon). These cruises took place at the end of a La Niña event and during an El Niño episode, respectively. Seven sources have been identified in the studied region for the 200-800 m layer: the Subtropical Indian Water, the Indian Central Water, the modified Antarctic Intermediate Water, the Indonesian Subsurface Water, the Indonesian Intermediate Water, the Arabian Sea-Persian Gulf Water (AS-PGW), and the Arabian Sea-Red Sea Water (AS-RSW). The selected tracers are potential temperature, salinity and oxygen with mass conservation and positive mixing coefficients as constraints. The analysis indicates the proportion of each water source along the Australia-Bali section and into the Indonesian channels. Although no large changes are observed for Indonesian waters, significant seasonal variations are found for the southern and northern Indian Ocean water. During the NW monsoon, the contribution of the AS-RSW increases at the entrance of the Indonesian archipelago whereas the contribution of the south Indian waters decreases in the northwest Australia basin. In a complementary study, nutrients are introduced into the multiparametric analysis in order to more clearly separate the signature of the north Indian waters (AS-PGW, AS-RSW) and to provide supplementary information on the biological history of the water masses, which is compared to large-scale primary production estimates.

  3. 27 CFR 479.104 - Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities. 479.104 Section 479.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE...

  4. 27 CFR 479.104 - Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities. 479.104 Section 479.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND...

  5. 27 CFR 479.104 - Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities. 479.104 Section 479.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND...

  6. 27 CFR 479.104 - Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities. 479.104 Section 479.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND...

  7. 27 CFR 479.104 - Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities. 479.104 Section 479.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE...

  8. 75 FR 51812 - The Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau Seeks Comment on the Commission's Policies and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ...] The Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau Seeks Comment on the Commission's Policies and Practices... their programs and activities accessible to people with disabilities. This document seeks comment on the... seeks comment on the overall accessibility of the Commission's activities and programs. This...

  9. Governmentality and "Fearless Speech": Framing the Education of Asylum Seeker and Refugee Children in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christie, Pam; Sidhu, Ravinder

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers the educational provision for, and general treatment of, refugee and asylum seeker children in Australia, using a framework of governmentality. The paper describes the regimes of practices which govern refugees and asylum seekers in Australia, including mandatory detention and a complex set of visa categorisations, and…

  10. Governmentality in Environmental Education Policy Discourses: A Qualitative Study of Teachers in Botswana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ketlhoilwe, M. J.

    2013-01-01

    International environmental education policy discourses have influenced policy construction in Botswana and how teachers conduct themselves and teaching in environmental learning. The researcher uses Foucault's notion of governmentality to understand the effects of power/knowledge relations in policy. The analysis is taken further through a…

  11. The Structures of Centralized Governmental Privacy Protection: Approaches, Models, and Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaeger, Paul T.; McClure, Charles R.; Fraser, Bruce T.

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the federal government should adopt a centralized governmental structure for the privacy protection of personal information and data. Discusses the roles of federal law, federal agencies, and the judiciary; the concept of information privacy; the impact of current technologies; and models of centralized government structures for…

  12. Role of Non-Governmental Organizations for the Development of Basic Education in Punjab, Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iqbal, Javed

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the general working structure of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and to examine the services and facilities provided by NGOs for basic education in Punjab, Pakistan. The population comprised 112 NGOs working for the promotion of basic education in Punjab, 3980 teachers working in basic education…

  13. The Intractability of Information: Non-Governmental Development Organizations and the Uses of Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiter, Jordan

    2006-01-01

    The globalization of information has led to increased optimism about the increasing role of global civil society. However, the underdeveloped have been left out of this information explosion. Through development, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) seek to empower the poor so that they have the resources and abilities to join the rest of the…

  14. 16 CFR 802.52 - Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental corporations. 802.52 Section 802.52 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION...

  15. 16 CFR 802.52 - Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental entities. 802.52 Section 802.52 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION...

  16. 16 CFR 802.52 - Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental entities. 802.52 Section 802.52 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION...

  17. 16 CFR 802.52 - Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental entities. 802.52 Section 802.52 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION...

  18. 16 CFR 802.52 - Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Acquisitions by or from foreign governmental corporations. 802.52 Section 802.52 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION...

  19. Is There Scientific Consensus on Acid Rain? -- Excerpts from Six Governmental Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environmental Education Report and Newsletter, 1986

    1986-01-01

    Compiles a series of direct quotations from six governmental reports that reflect a scientific consensus on major aspects of acid deposition. Presents the statements in a question and answer format. Also reviews the sources, extent, and effects of acid rain. (ML)

  20. 29 CFR 510.24 - Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINIMUM WAGE PROVISIONS OF THE 1989 AMENDMENTS TO THE... eligible for minimum wage phase-in. (a) The Commonwealth government of Puerto Rico has been determined...

  1. 29 CFR 510.24 - Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINIMUM WAGE PROVISIONS OF THE 1989 AMENDMENTS TO THE... eligible for minimum wage phase-in. (a) The Commonwealth government of Puerto Rico has been determined...

  2. 29 CFR 510.24 - Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINIMUM WAGE PROVISIONS OF THE 1989 AMENDMENTS TO THE... eligible for minimum wage phase-in. (a) The Commonwealth government of Puerto Rico has been determined...

  3. 29 CFR 510.24 - Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINIMUM WAGE PROVISIONS OF THE 1989 AMENDMENTS TO THE... eligible for minimum wage phase-in. (a) The Commonwealth government of Puerto Rico has been determined...

  4. 29 CFR 510.24 - Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINIMUM WAGE PROVISIONS OF THE 1989 AMENDMENTS TO THE... eligible for minimum wage phase-in. (a) The Commonwealth government of Puerto Rico has been determined...

  5. Critiquing the Educational Present: The (Limited) Usefulness to Educational Research of the Foucauldian Approach to Governmentality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goddard, Roy

    2010-01-01

    The claim may be made that the Foucauldian analytics of power, in its detailed attention to the question of how modern societies are rendered governable, has superseded classical and radical analyses. This paper points to problems occasioned by Foucauldian governmentality's reliance on Foucault's flawed conception of the subject. These problems…

  6. Weighing in on NBC's "The Biggest Loser": Governmentality and Self-Concept on the Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Readdy, Tucker; Ebbeck, Vicki

    2012-01-01

    Previous analyses (i.e., Bernstein & St. John, 2006; Sender & Sullivan, 2008) of the television show "The Biggest Loser" have detailed its negative presentation of the obese body, potential consequences for viewers, and its role as a technology of governmentality. However, there has been little exploration of how audience members…

  7. Quality Management in Hungarian Higher Education: Organisational Responses to Governmental Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Csizmadia, Tibor; Enders, Jurgen; Westerheijden, Don F.

    2008-01-01

    This article focuses on responses of higher education institutions to governmental policy. We investigate the influence of organisational characteristics on the implementation of quality management in Hungarian higher education institutions. Our theoretical framework is based on organisational theories (resource dependency and…

  8. 36 CFR 1275.50 - Restriction of materials related to abuses of governmental power.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... § 1275.50 Restriction of materials related to abuses of governmental power. (a) The Archivist will... power, as defined in § 1275.16(c), when: (1) The Archivist, in accordance with § 1275.44, is in the... right or privilege; or (2) The Archivist, in accordance with § 1275.44, is in the process of...

  9. From Governing through Data to Governmentality through Data: Artefacts, Strategies and the Digital Turn

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Souto-Otero, Manuel; Beneito-Montagut, Roser

    2016-01-01

    The article argues that current discussions about governance through data in education can be fruitfully extended through: (1) the establishment of connections with wider debates about the role of commensuration processes and governmentality in the recreation of education systems; (2) greater emphasis on the "artefacts" through which…

  10. 36 CFR 1275.50 - Restriction of materials related to abuses of governmental power.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Restriction of materials related to abuses of governmental power. 1275.50 Section 1275.50 Parks, Forests, and Public Property... or has determined the validity of a petition by any person of the need to protect an...

  11. 9 CFR 329.4 - Notification of governmental authorities having jurisdiction over article or livestock detained...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... authorities having jurisdiction over article or livestock detained; form of written notification. 329.4... governmental authorities having jurisdiction over article or livestock detained; form of written notification. Within 48 hours after the detention of any livestock or article pursuant to this part, an...

  12. 44 CFR 64.4 - Effect on community eligibility resulting from boundary changes, governmental reorganization, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Effect on community... HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program COMMUNITIES ELIGIBLE FOR THE SALE OF INSURANCE § 64.4 Effect on community eligibility resulting from boundary changes, governmental reorganization, etc....

  13. 44 CFR 64.4 - Effect on community eligibility resulting from boundary changes, governmental reorganization, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Effect on community... HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program COMMUNITIES ELIGIBLE FOR THE SALE OF INSURANCE § 64.4 Effect on community eligibility resulting from boundary changes, governmental reorganization, etc....

  14. 44 CFR 64.4 - Effect on community eligibility resulting from boundary changes, governmental reorganization, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Effect on community... HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program COMMUNITIES ELIGIBLE FOR THE SALE OF INSURANCE § 64.4 Effect on community eligibility resulting from boundary changes, governmental reorganization, etc....

  15. 44 CFR 64.4 - Effect on community eligibility resulting from boundary changes, governmental reorganization, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect on community... HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program COMMUNITIES ELIGIBLE FOR THE SALE OF INSURANCE § 64.4 Effect on community eligibility resulting from boundary changes, governmental reorganization, etc....

  16. 10 CFR 51.123 - Charges for environmental documents; distribution to public; distribution to governmental agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... public; distribution to governmental agencies. 51.123 Section 51.123 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION... National Environmental Policy Act-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Public Notice of and Access to..., U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, e-mail DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov, and...

  17. 10 CFR 51.123 - Charges for environmental documents; distribution to public; distribution to governmental agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... public; distribution to governmental agencies. 51.123 Section 51.123 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION... National Environmental Policy Act-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Public Notice of and Access to..., U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, e-mail DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov, and...

  18. 10 CFR 51.123 - Charges for environmental documents; distribution to public; distribution to governmental agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... public; distribution to governmental agencies. 51.123 Section 51.123 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION... National Environmental Policy Act-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Public Notice of and Access to..., U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, e-mail DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov, and...

  19. 10 CFR 51.123 - Charges for environmental documents; distribution to public; distribution to governmental agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... public; distribution to governmental agencies. 51.123 Section 51.123 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION... National Environmental Policy Act-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Public Notice of and Access to..., U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, e-mail DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov, and...

  20. 10 CFR 51.123 - Charges for environmental documents; distribution to public; distribution to governmental agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... public; distribution to governmental agencies. 51.123 Section 51.123 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION... National Environmental Policy Act-Regulations Implementing Section 102(2) Public Notice of and Access to..., U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, e-mail DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov, and...

  1. Metaphors of Teacher Candidates' Regarding the Concept of "Non-Governmental Organizations" (NGOs)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selanik-Ay, Tugba

    2016-01-01

    In this study, a learning area in social studies curriculum called "Groups, institutions and social organizations" was used. It can be seen that an important role for teachers in a social studies programme is to benefit from non-governmental organizations. The aim of this study is to investigate primary school teacher candidates' social…

  2. Perspectives in Higher Education: Background Papers on Governmental and Economic Affairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Univ., Little Rock.

    Three papers are presented from a conference on governmental and economic affairs held at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. In "Federal Legislation and Higher Education," John P. Mallan pointed out that the major portion of funds is channeled through student aid programs, and research and development funds are concentrated in a…

  3. Inter-Institutional Relations in the Governance of England's National Parks: A Governmentality Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Nicola

    2005-01-01

    Using Foucault's governmentality approach this paper analyses recent developments in power relations between different levels of government. Taking as its empirical focus the relationship between England's National Park Authorities (NPAs) and the UK government, the paper argues that there are two competing imperatives at work in the governance of…

  4. 45 CFR 146.180 - Treatment of non-Federal governmental plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... for health information about Individual A, that one of Individual A's parents has Huntington's Disease... plan enrollees of the non-Federal governmental employer(s) with a valid election under this section are... plan sponsor's rules, including any public hearing requirements. (iii) Specify the beginning and...

  5. 45 CFR 146.180 - Treatment of non-Federal governmental plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... for health information about Individual A, that one of Individual A's parents has Huntington's Disease... plan enrollees of the non-Federal governmental employer(s) with a valid election under this section are... plan sponsor's rules, including any public hearing requirements. (iii) Specify the beginning and...

  6. In the Name of Liberation: Notes on Governmentality, Entrepreneurial Education, and Lifelong Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dahlstedt, Magnus; Hertzberg, Fredrik

    2014-01-01

    The focus of this article is the growing importance of entrepreneurship in the context of Swedish education policy. Departing from Foucault's concept of governmentality, this article analyzes some of the main ideas in the discourse on entrepreneurship education in Sweden and points out its specifics, as an instance of the broader educational and…

  7. 45 CFR 146.180 - Treatment of non-Federal governmental plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... governmental employer and reports to work on August 6. The individual has diabetes. Under the terms of the plan... diabetes. He submits the required form, which reflects that condition. The plan also receives information... diabetes. CMS resolves the complaint in favor of the plan on the basis that the plan permissibly...

  8. Training Needs of Governmental Schools' Principals Hosting Kindergartens Classes: The Case for Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashraah, Mamdouh M.; Al-Olaimat, Ali M.; Takash, Hanan M.

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed at identifying the training needs of governmental schools' principals with kindergarten classes. The sample of the study consisted of a random sample of (62) female principal. The instrument of the study was developed by the researchers and included 60 items distributed on four domains (planning, organizing, guidance, and…

  9. 22 CFR 140.9 - Other non-governmental entities and individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... Section 140.9 applies to private voluntary agencies, educational institutions, for-profit firms, other non.... and foreign non-governmental entities. Examples: (1) A $100,000 grant to a covered U.S. university for...) as part of the agency's approval process. (2) A $100,000 grant to a covered foreign private...

  10. 45 CFR 146.180 - Treatment of non-Federal governmental plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... governmental employer and reports to work on August 6. The individual has diabetes. Under the terms of the plan... diabetes. He submits the required form, which reflects that condition. The plan also receives information... diabetes. CMS resolves the complaint in favor of the plan on the basis that the plan permissibly...

  11. Working with or against the Stores?: A Non-Governmental Organization Working with Alcohol Purchase Attempts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geidne, Susanna; Eriksson, Charli

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse the implementation by a non-governmental organization (NGO) of an intervention with two different strategies--one employing confrontational approaches, the other cooperative ones--aiming to reduce the rate of successful purchase attempts (PAs) of medium-strength beer in Sweden.…

  12. 17 CFR 140.735-3 - Non-governmental employment and other outside activity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Non-governmental employment and other outside activity. 140.735-3 Section 140.735-3 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY... merchant, floor broker, commodity trading advisor, commodity pool operator or any person required to...

  13. 17 CFR 140.735-3 - Non-governmental employment and other outside activity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Non-governmental employment and other outside activity. 140.735-3 Section 140.735-3 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY... merchant, floor broker, commodity trading advisor, commodity pool operator or any person required to...

  14. Governmental Reform and Education for the Gifted in Japan: A Current Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bugaj, Stephen J.

    2009-01-01

    Though targeted for governmental reform since 2002, services envisioned for gifted and talented students have not materialized in Japan. From the perspective of his personal experience as a Japan Fulbright Memorial Fund participant in 2005 and an extensive review of available literature and contacts with the Japanese Ministry of Education,…

  15. The Governmentality of Childhood Obesity: Coca-Cola, Public Health and Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Darren; Gard, Michael

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the emergence of what might seem an unexpected policy outcome--a large multinational corporation, frequently blamed for exacerbating childhood obesity, operating as an officially sanctioned driver of anti-obesity initiatives in primary schools across the globe. We draw on Foucault's notion of governmentality to examine…

  16. What Can International Comparisons Teach Us about School Choice and Non-Governmental Schools in Europe?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dronkers, Jaap; Avram, Silvia

    2015-01-01

    All European states have a primary obligation to establish and maintain governmental schools everywhere, but as the result of political struggle and constitutional guarantees, they have also allowed and often financed non-state schools based on special pedagogical, religious or philosophical ideas. Depending on the level of state grants for…

  17. A Regulatory Model of Governmental Coordinating Activities in the Higher Education Sector.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Fred; Zumeta, William

    1981-01-01

    Models of regulatory policy based on industrial organization theory can be applied to governmental coordination in higher education. They show that the relationship between costs and enrollment depends on student demand. When demand is stable or decreasing, governments should promote competition and keep costs down by reducing regulation. (RW)

  18. Governmentality, European Politics and the Neo-Liberal Reconstruction of German Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liesner, Andrea

    2007-01-01

    This article deals with the governmental strategies basic to the construction of the European Higher Education Area within the Bologna Process. With regard to the actual reconstruction of German universities, these strategies are verified on a structural level, in individual and collective subject relations and also in the subject matter which is…

  19. Education for Sustainability: The Contribution and Potential of a Non-Governmental Organisation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Joy A.; Birch, Joanna C.

    2003-01-01

    This article reports some of the findings of a recent comprehensive review of the education provision of The Wildlife Trusts UK, one of the UK's leading non-governmental organisations (NGOs) concerned with nature conservation. These findings are set within the context of current thinking on responsibility for education for sustainability. It…

  20. Young People, Education and Unlawful Non-Citizenship: Spectral Sovereignty and Governmentality in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasmussen, Mary Lou; Harwood, Valerie

    2009-01-01

    This paper considers Judith Butler's discussion of the intersections between governmentality and sovereign power in "Precarious life: the powers of mourning and violence." We consider this interrelationship with a view to considering how this might enable us to expand our understanding of contemporary discourses governing young people…

  1. Schooling Entrepreneurs: Entrepreneurship, Governmentality and Education Policy in Sweden at the Turn of the Millennium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dahlstedt, Magnus; Hertzberg, Fredrik

    2012-01-01

    Departing from Michel Foucault's concept of governmentality, the focus of this article is the introduction of entrepreneurial education in Swedish education policy at the turn of the millennium. We analyze the various meanings attached to the concepts of "entrepreneur" and "entrepreneurship" in education policy documents, as…

  2. Governmentality in Higher Education: A Critical Analysis of the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorman, Bonnie B.

    2012-01-01

    In this dissertation, the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) serves as a nodal point through which to examine the power relations shaping the direction and practices of higher education in the twenty-first century. Theoretically, my analysis is informed by Foucault's concept of governmentality, briefly defined as a technology of power…

  3. My Brother as "Problem": Neoliberal Governmentality and Interventions for Black Young Men and Boys

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dumas, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the author argues that the Obama Administration's My Brother's Keeper (MBK) initiative serves as an exemplar of neoliberal governmentality, in which Black young men and boys are constructed as essentially damaged, as problems in need of a technocratic public--private solution. More than simply an ideological imposition from above…

  4. The Governmentality of Reconciliation: Adult Education as a Community Relations Technique in Northern Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smala, Simone

    2012-01-01

    Despite a successfully negotiated peace agreement in Belfast in 1998, tensions between different community groups continue to exist in Northern Ireland. This situation creates a governmental need to find solutions to problems such as segregation, inter- and intra-group violence and other forms of sectarian antagonisms. On the one hand, this is…

  5. Neo-Liberal "Governmentality" in the English and Japanese Higher Education Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yokoyama, Keiko

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to identify common patterns in central authorities' steering of universities and the institutional power in neo-liberal higher education regimes. The paper examines the regulatory mechanisms of England and Japan through Foucault's idea of "governmentality" and utilises the concept of autonomy to identify the…

  6. Neoliberal Governmentality, Schooling and the City: Conceptual and Empirical Notes on and from the Global South

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulson, Kalervo N.; Fataar, Aslam

    2011-01-01

    This paper applies ideas that emanate from the Global North, concerning neoliberalism and neoliberal governmentality, to the case of marketisation in South Africa. It also attends to the limits of Northern ideas that are both intellectual undertakings and policy manifestations. In the first part of the paper, we identify how rationales for school…

  7. PREVALENCE OF METHICILLIN RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS FROM NOSE AND THROAT OF PATIENTS ON ADMISSION TO MEDICAL WARDS OF DR SOETOMO HOSPITAL, SURABAYA, INDONESIA.

    PubMed

    Kuntaman, K; Hadi, Usman; Setiawan, Firman; Koendori, Eko Budi; Rusli, Musofa; Santosaningsih, Dewi; Severin, Juliette; Verbrugh, Henri A

    2016-01-01

    Epidemiological data of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage in Indonesian hospitals are still scarce. These data are required for health management of infectious diseases in order to control hospital MRSA. The carriage rate of MRSA in nose and throat of patients on admission to Dr Soetomo Hospital Surabaya, Indonesia was 8.1% of 643 patients, 5.4% from throat, 3.9% from nose and 1.2% from both sites. Prevalence of MRSA among patients admitted to surgical and non-surgical ward was not different (8.2% and 8.0%, respectively). Although MRSA prevalence in Indonesian hospitals is low compared to many other countries worldwide, appropriate health strategies will be needed to be implemented if this infection is to be controlled.

  8. A Legal Analysis of Litigation against Oklahoma Educators and School Districts under the Oklahoma Governmental Tort Claims Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lacefield, Kevin Lee

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation analyzed public court decisions in cases against Oklahoma school districts and their employees involving sovereign immunity claims filed under Oklahoma's Governmental Tort Claims Act. The questions addressed were: (1) How have the Oklahoma courts interpreted the Governmental Tort Claims Act, (Okla. Stat. tit. 51 Section 151 et…

  9. Filling the Gaps: The Role and Impact of International Non-Governmental Organisations in "Education for All"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tota, Pasqua Marina

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the involvement of international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) in transnational education policy-making, with particular reference to the global initiative Education for All (EFA). EFA is a policy process carried out by international governmental organisations (IGOs) with the main aim to achieve basic education for…

  10. [Experience of the Baby Friendly Hospital initiative].

    PubMed

    Lamounier, J A

    1998-01-01

    In the study is analyzed and described the initiative called "Initiative Baby Friendly Hospitals", a program which started in Brazil, 1992. This initiative intends to support, to protect and to promote the breastfeeding as proposed in a meeting in 1990 in Florence, Italy, which was promoted by WHO and UNICEF. The basic goal of this initiative is to mobilize health professionals and hospital or maternity workers for changing their routines and conducts aiming to prevent the early wean. The health establishments are evaluated based on the "ten steps for success of breastfeeding, a group of goals created in the same meeting. In Brazil, the evaluation is coordinated by the Federal Government through the PNIAM (Programa Nacional de Incentivo ao Aleitamento Materno). A baby friendly hospital, if approved, receives from the Minister of Health, a Federal Governmental Agency (SUS) a differential payment for childbirth assistance and prenatal accompaniment, 10% and 40%, more respectively. Until 1998 year there were 103 baby friendly hospitals in Brazil, with the majority of them located in the northeast area (68.1%). However, taking in accounting the number of 5650 hospitals linked to SUS in the country, less than 2.0% are baby friendly hospitals. On the basis of the experience and according with PNIAM data the implementation of the ten steps and the incentive to breastfeeding through baby friendly hospitals have resulted in a significant increase of breastfeeding incidence and duration in Brazil.

  11. An alternate approach to hospital cost control: the Rochester project.

    PubMed Central

    Sorensen, A A; Saward, E W

    1978-01-01

    The rapid escalation in health care costs has demonstrated a need to control costs in general and hospital costs in particular. In New York State, efforts at control have followed one of several paths, including reduction of Medicaid program expenditures, elimination of hospital beds, and prospective reimbursement of hospital costs. Although some success has been achieved in each of these areas, hospital costs containment has not been as successful as had been hoped. A new project called MAXICAP, being developed in the Rochester region, seeks to link payment with regional hospital planning. MAXICAP represents a voluntary attempt by hospitals, third party payers, planners, consumers, and governmental agencies to devise a prospective hospital payment system. Under this system community hospital plans in the Rochester region would be integrated and a cap imposed on both revenues and expenses for acute hospital care. The principal advantage of the MAXICAP is that it offers a mechanism for linking hospital planning with payment functions on a regional basis. The principal disadvantage is that the success of the MAXICAP depends upon the voluntary cooperation of the vast majority of the acute care hospitals in the area--hospitals that may be scattered throughout a relatively large region. PMID:98805

  12. The origin of Indonesian cattle and conservation genetics of the Bali cattle breed.

    PubMed

    Mohamad, K; Olsson, M; Andersson, G; Purwantara, B; van Tol, H T A; Rodriguez-Martinez, H; Colenbrander, B; Lenstra, J A

    2012-01-01

    Both Bos indicus (zebu) and Bos javanicus (banteng) contribute to the Indonesian indigenous livestock, which is supposedly of a mixed species origin, not by direct breeding but by secondary cross-breeding. Here, the analysis of mitochondrial, Y-chromosomal and microsatellite DNA showed banteng introgression of 10-16% in Indonesian zebu breeds with East-Javanese Madura and Galekan cattle having higher levels of autosomal banteng introgression (20-30%) and combine a zebu paternal lineage with a predominant (Madura) or even complete (Galekan) maternal banteng origin. Two Madura bulls carried taurine Y-chromosomal haplotypes, presumably of French Limousin origin. There was no evidence for zebu introgression in five populations of the Bali cattle, a domestic form of the banteng.

  13. Association of CD209 polymorphisms with tuberculosis in an Indonesian population.

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Kyosuke; Yuliwulandari, Rika; Yanai, Hideki; Lien, Luu Thi; Hang, Nguyen Thi Le; Hijikata, Minako; Keicho, Naoto; Tokunaga, Katsushi

    2011-09-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Thus far, many candidate genes have been investigated for their possible association with TB. Dendritic cell-specific ICAM-3 grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN) encoded by CD209 is the major receptor of M tuberculosis on human dendritic cells. Previous studies reported inconsistent results on the association between CD209 polymorphisms and TB. We examined whether 9 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CD209 are associated with TB in 2 southeast Asian populations (Indonesian and Vietnamese) by Fisher's exact test. The SNP at -939 in the promoter region exhibited a significant association with TB in Indonesian (GG vs GA + AA, p = 0.0051, odds ratio [OR] = 0.68, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.52-0.89) but not in Vietnamese populations. Further extensive studies are required to confirm the contribution of CD209 polymorphisms to TB susceptibility.

  14. Comparison between BIDE, PrefixSpan, and TRuleGrowth for Mining of Indonesian Text

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sa’adillah Maylawati, Dian; Irfan, Mohamad; Budiawan Zulfikar, Wildan

    2017-01-01

    Mining proscess for Indonesian language still be an interesting research. Multiple of words representation was claimed can keep the meaning of text better than bag of words. In this paper, we compare several sequential pattern algortihm, among others BIDE (BIDirectional Extention), PrefixSpan, and TRuleGrowth. All of those algorithm produce frequent word sequence to keep the meaning of text. However, the experiment result, with 14.006 of Indonesian tweet from Twitter, shows that BIDE can produce more efficient frequent word sequence than PrefixSpan and TRuleGrowth without missing the meaning of text. Then, the average of time process of PrefixSpan is faster than BIDE and TRuleGrowth. In the other hand, PrefixSpan and TRuleGrowth is more efficient in using memory than BIDE.

  15. Geochemical and analytical implications of extensive sulfur retention in ash from Indonesian peats

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kane, Jean S.; Neuzil, Sandra G.

    1993-01-01

    Sulfur is an analyte of considerable importance to the complete major element analysis of ash from low-sulfur, low-ash Indonesian peats. Most analytical schemes for major element peat- and coal-ash analyses, including the inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry method used in this work, do not permit measurement of sulfur in the ash. As a result, oxide totals cannot be used as a check on accuracy of analysis. Alternative quality control checks verify the accuracy of the cation analyses. Cation and sulfur correlations with percent ash yield suggest that silicon and titanium, and to a lesser extent, aluminum, generally originate as minerals, whereas magnesium and sulfur generally originate from organic matter. Cation correlations with oxide totals indicate that, for these Indonesian peats, magnesium dominates sulfur fixation during ashing because it is considerably more abundant in the ash than calcium, the next most important cation in sulfur fixation.

  16. Satellite and ground-based study of optical properties of 1997 Indonesian Forest Fire aerosols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakajima, Teruyuki; Higurashi, Akiko; Takeuchi, Nobuo; Herman, Jay R.

    Optical properties of biomass burning aerosols in the event of Indonesian forest fires in 1997 were studied by groundbased sky radiometry and satellite remote sensing with AVHRR and TOMS radiometers. The AVHRR-derived optical thickness distribution agreed with the distribution of TOMS-derived UV-absorbing aerosol index and with the optical thickness measured by sky radiometry and sunphotometry. The single scattering albedo of aerosols was fairly constant as 0.9 in the September-October period. Relationship between Ångström turbidity factor and exponent supported the polydispersion consisted of aged small particles. This observation was consistent with the fact that the retrieved volume size distribution by sky radiometry has a distinct accumulation mode with a peak radius of 0.25 µm. Those optical properties of smoke aerosols seem to reflect the specific chemical structure of Indonesian forest fire aerosols, i.e., a mixture of carbonaceous and sulfate particles.

  17. Distribution of dicarboxylic acids and carbon isotopic compositions in aerosols from 1997 Indonesian forest fires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narukawa, M.; Kawamura, K.; Takeuchi, N.; Nakajima, T.

    Fine aerosol particles collected in Southeast Asia during 1997 Indonesian forest fires were studied for the concentrations of total carbon (TC), water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) and low molecular weight dicarboxylic acids (C2-C12) as well as carbon isotopic ratios of TC (δ13CTC). TC and WSOC showed a large increase during the heavy forest fire event. At the same period, dicarboxylic acids, dominated by oxalic (C2) followed by succinic (C4) and malonic (C3) acids, also showed a concentration increase. Furthermore, the δ13CTC showed a decrease from ca. -25.5 to -27.5‰ during an intensified forest fire event, suggesting an addition of organic aerosols derived from C3 plants whose δ13C are lighter. These results indicate that the aerosol particles in Southeast Asia were significantly affected by the combustion processes of vegetations during the 1997 Indonesian forest fires that were extensively induced by El Ninõ event.

  18. Regulation of sexuality in Indonesian discourse: normative gender, criminal law and shifting strategies of control.

    PubMed

    Blackwood, Evelyn

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines changes in the regulation of sexuality in Indonesia in the period since 1980 as seen through state, religious and lesbian and gay activist discourses on sexuality. Three different eras during that period of Indonesian history are compared. Under the New Order regime of Suharto, the Indonesian state sought to control sexuality through a deployment of gender. During the 1990s, state Islamic discourses of sexuality shifted in response to international pressures to support same-sex marriage and sexual rights. During the third period following the end of the Suharto regime in 1998, a conservative Islamic minority pushed for more restrictive laws in the State Penal Code, initiating intense public debate on the role of the state in questions of sexuality and morality. Over this time period, the dominant discourse on sexuality moved from strategically linking normative gender with heterosexuality and marriage to direct attempts to legislate heterosexual marriage by criminalizing a wide range of sexual practices.

  19. Extraction of Curcumin Pigment from Indonesian Local Turmeric with Its Infrared Spectra and Thermal Decomposition Properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nandiyanto, A. B. D.; Wiryani, A. S.; Rusli, A.; Purnamasari, A.; Abdullah, A. G.; Ana; Widiaty, I.; Hurriyati, R.

    2017-03-01

    Curcumin is one of the pigments which is used as a spice in Asian cuisine, traditional cosmetic, and medicine. Therefore, process for getting curcumin has been widely studied. Here, the purpose of this study was to demonstrate the simple method for extracting curcumin from Indonesian local turmeric and investigate the infrared spectra and thermal decomposition properties. In the experimental procedure, the washed turmeric was dissolved into an ethanol solution, and then put into a rotary evaporator to enrich curcumin concentration. The result showed that the present method is effective to isolate curcumin compound from Indonesian local turmeric. Since the process is very simple, this method can be used for home industrial application. Further, understanding the thermal decomposition properties of curcumin give information, specifically relating to the selection of treatment when curcumin must face the thermal-related process.

  20. Investigation of mental health in Indonesian health workers immigrating to Japan under the Economic Partnership Agreement.

    PubMed

    Sato, Fumiko; Hayakawa, Kazuo; Kamide, Kei

    2016-09-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the mental health status of Indonesian nurses and care workers who immigrated to Japan after the Economic Partnership Agreement was signed by the governments of Japan and Indonesia in 2008. From November 2012 to March 2013, questionnaires were mailed to 206 workers in 87 medical and caregiving facilities that openly accept Indonesian EPA immigrant workers. Responses were received from 71 workers in 35 facilities. Responses from 22.5% of workers suggested that they were at risk of developing mental health problems, and "gender" and "acquisition state of national qualifications" were the main factors influencing their mental health status. The results suggest that support after obtaining national qualifications is inadequate and that mid and long-term support systems that focus on the needs of immigrant healthcare workers after passing national examinations are necessary.

  1. Indonesian throughflow nutrient fluxes and their potential impact on Indian Ocean productivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ayers, Jennifer M.; Strutton, Peter G.; Coles, Victoria J.; Hood, Raleigh R.; Matear, Richard J.

    2014-07-01

    The Indonesian throughflow (ITF) is a chokepoint in the upper ocean thermohaline circulation, carrying Pacific waters through the strongly mixed Indonesian Seas and into the Indian Ocean. Yet the influence of the ITF on biogeochemical fluxes into the Indian Ocean is largely unknown. This study determines the first depth- and time-resolved nitrate, phosphate, and silicate fluxes at the three main exit passages of the ITF: Lombok Strait, Ombai Strait, and Timor Passage. Nutrient flux as well as its variability with depth and time differs greatly between the passages. We estimate the effective flux of nutrients into the Indian Ocean by accounting for existing nutrients in the basin and find it largest in the upper 300-400 m. This suggests that the majority of ITF nutrient supply to the Indian Ocean is to thermocline waters, where it is likely to support new production and significantly impact Indian Ocean biogeochemical cycling.

  2. Impact of Night Shift and Training Development Factors on Performance of Professional Nurses in North West Bank Governmental Hospitals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayed, Ahmad; Thulth, Ahida Saleem; Sayej, Sumaya

    2015-01-01

    Background: Organizational factors are considered to be the cornerstone in achieving psychological and professional security at work, which in turn are positively reflected in job performance both quantitatively and qualitatively. Aim of the Study: The study aimed to assess night shift and education/training developmental factors on performance of…

  3. Weighing in on NBC's The Biggest Loser: governmentality and self-concept on the scale.

    PubMed

    Readdy, Tucker; Ebbeck, Vicki

    2012-12-01

    Previous analyses (i.e., Bernstein & St. John, 2006; Sender & Sullivan, 2008) of the television show The Biggest Loser have detailed its negative presentation of the obese body, potential consequences for viewers, and its role as a technology of governmentality. However there has been little exploration of how audience members conceptualize and enact the messages communicated in the show within these intricate frameworks. The current research used information from semistructured interviews with 40 dedicated viewers to capture the salient meanings they ascribed to The Biggest Loser within the themes of governmentality and self-concept. Overall, the group experienced the program as a transformative, entertaining, and inspirational event that produced little change in their exercise behavior. Thus, the role of reality television in creating healthy behavior change is potentially limited.

  4. Navigating the profits and pitfalls of governmental partnerships: the ICRC and intergovernmental relief, 1918-23.

    PubMed

    Lowe, Kimberly A

    2015-10-01

    The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is today a staunch proponent of the need for humanitarian organisations to remain independent of state interests, yet it deliberately solicited intergovernmental intervention in international relief after the First World War of 1914-18. This paper examines why an organisation committed to upholding the independence and impartiality of humanitarian action might still choose to partner with governmental bodies. It also highlights the historical beginnings of a linkage between international aid and geopolitics. To secure governmental funding for refugee relief during the 1920s, the ICRC argued that the humanitarian crises of the post-war years were a threat to the political and social stability of Europe. While this has become axiomatic, the interwar history of the ICRC demonstrates that the perceived connection between relief and geopolitical stability is historically constructed, and that it must continue to be asserted persuasively to be effective.

  5. The impact of Indonesian peatland degradation on downstream marine ecosystems and the global carbon cycle.

    PubMed

    Abrams, Jesse F; Hohn, Sönke; Rixen, Tim; Baum, Antje; Merico, Agostino

    2016-01-01

    Tropical peatlands are among the most space-efficient stores of carbon on Earth containing approximately 89 Gt C. Of this, 57 Gt (65%) are stored in Indonesian peatlands. Large-scale exploitation of land, including deforestation and drainage for the establishment of oil palm plantations, is changing the carbon balance of Indonesian peatlands, turning them from a natural sink to a source via outgassing of CO2 to the atmosphere and leakage of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) into the coastal ocean. The impacts of this perturbation to the coastal environment and at the global scale are largely unknown. Here, we evaluate the downstream effects of released Indonesian peat carbon on coastal ecosystems and on the global carbon cycle. We use a biogeochemical box model in combination with novel and literature observations to investigate the impact of different carbon emission scenarios on the combined ocean-atmosphere system. The release of all carbon stored in the Indonesian peat pool, considered as a worst-case scenario, will increase atmospheric pCO2 by 8 ppm to 15 ppm within the next 200 years. The expected impact on the Java Sea ecosystems is most significant on the short term (over a few hundred years) and is characterized by an increase of 3.3% in phytoplankton, 32% in seagrass biomass, and 5% decrease in coral biomass. On the long term, however, the coastal ecosystems will recover to reach near pre-excursion conditions. Our results suggest that the ultimate fate of the peat carbon is in the deep ocean with 69% of it landing in the deep DIC pool after 1000 years, but the effects on the global ocean carbonate chemistry will be marginal.

  6. The 1993 Indonesian Family Life Survey: Appendix B, Community-Facility Questionnaires and Interviewer Manual. Revised.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-04-01

    Labor and Population Program RAND Demographic Institute Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia The 1993 Indonesian Family Life Survey... Indonesia (LD-FEUI) conducts research and training in the fields of demography, economics, and public policy, with an emphasis on population issues...TEL: 310.393.0411 FAX: 310.393.4818 Ill - PREFACE The 1993 Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) provides data at the individual and family level

  7. Assessment of the GNSS-derived Path Delay (GPD) wet tropospheric correction in the Indonesian Seas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuli Handoko, Eko; Joana Fernandes, Maria; Lázaro, Clara

    2015-04-01

    Due to its high temporal and spatial variability, the wet tropospheric correction is one of the major error sources in coastal altimetry. GNSS-derived path delay (GPD) is an algorithm to estimate the wet tropospheric correction which combines zenith wet delays (ZWD) derived from GNSS, valid microwave radiometer (MWR) measurements and atmospheric models (Fernandes, et al., 2010). Global GPD solutions have been derived by University of Porto for the main altimetry missions (ERS-1, ERS-2, Envisat, TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, Jason-2, CryoSat-2 and SARAL/AltiKa) using more than 400 GNSS stations in coastal and island regions. In particular, a local network of near 30 GNSS stations, located mostly along of the Sumatera Island, has been used to improve the GNSS coverage in the Indonesian region. A set of GNSS stations not used in the GPD computations has been reserved for validation purposes. The focus of this study is the assessment of the GPD wet tropospheric corrections in the Indonesian region by comparing GNSS-derived wet path delays at the Indonesian stations not used in the GPD computations with the various available wet tropospheric corrections: GPD, microwave radiometer (MWR) and atmospheric model (ERA Interim). In addition to the direct comparison of the wet path delays, sea level anomaly (SLA) variance analysis using the various wet tropospheric corrections has also been performed. The results show the significant impact of the GPD corrections on the improvement of sea level estimation in the Indonesian region, particularly noticeable for the missions possessing a two-band radiometer: all ESA missions and SARAL/AltiKa.

  8. Modification of the Stratification and Velocity Profile within the Straits and Seas of the Indonesian Archipelago

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-30

    the Halmahera Sea, Maluku Sea, the Seram Sea and the northern Banda Sea (Spice Islands). Besides the monsoonal forcing there is an abundance of...and Halmahera Retroflections (Eddies); localized winds blowing through the gaps between the islands composing the “Spice Island” configuration...the Science of the Halmahera Sea, entitled: “Oceanography of the Indonesian Seas; the Challenge of the (spicy) Halmahera and Seram Seas ”. This

  9. Governmentality and Social Capital in Tribal/Federal Relations Regarding Heritage Consultation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-08

    NUMBER(S) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) ARO 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON 19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER...discourse, in spite of overlapping goals. Using practice and agency theories and the concept of social capital (i.e., valued relations with others), we...Distribution Unlimited UU UU UU UU 08-04-2016 1-Jun-2012 31-Aug-2015 Final Report: Governmentality and Social Capital in Tribal/Federal Relations Regarding

  10. Simulation of the Indonesian land gravity data using a digital terrain model data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heliani, L. S.; Fukuda, Y.; Takemoto, S.

    2004-01-01

    The Indonesian gravity field is neither accurately nor comprehensively determined, especially due to inadequacy of land gravity data. This study deals with determination of Indonesian land gravity and proposes the solution to data unavailability by means of a simulation technique. The simulation was carried out by combining short wavelength topographic effects from GTOPO30 and long wavelength information from EGM96\\@. The simulated result was then compared with the observed gravity data. Over Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi islands, using three methods commonly used on the computation of topographic effect; topography, isostatic and RTM (Residual Terrain Model), it was estimated that error propagation by the GTOPO30 into the simulated gravity is about 4.5 to 11.7 mgal, with the RTM method was affected less than others. It was also shown that the simulated gravity from the RTM method gave the best agreement with STD (Standard Deviation) differences of 17 to 42 mgal compared to the observed data. This result was achieved after applying optimal RTM parameters over the Indonesian area: a reference field of 25'-27.5' and density of 2-2.2 gr/cm3. Compared to STD differences between EGM96 and observed data, that between the simulated gravity and observed data improved by 2.5-7 mgal, and gave more detailed gravity features, especially over areas of high topography.

  11. Adaptation to Pronunciation Variations in Indonesian Spoken Query-Based Information Retrieval

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lestari, Dessi Puji; Furui, Sadaoki

    Recognition errors of proper nouns and foreign words significantly decrease the performance of ASR-based speech applications such as voice dialing systems, speech summarization, spoken document retrieval, and spoken query-based information retrieval (IR). The reason is that proper nouns and words that come from other languages are usually the most important key words. The loss of such words due to misrecognition in turn leads to a loss of significant information from the speech source. This paper focuses on how to improve the performance of Indonesian ASR by alleviating the problem of pronunciation variation of proper nouns and foreign words (English words in particular). To improve the proper noun recognition accuracy, proper-noun specific acoustic models are created by supervised adaptation using maximum likelihood linear regression (MLLR). To improve English word recognition, the pronunciation of English words contained in the lexicon is fixed by using rule-based English-to-Indonesian phoneme mapping. The effectiveness of the proposed method was confirmed through spoken query based Indonesian IR. We used Inference Network-based (IN-based) IR and compared its results with those of the classical Vector Space Model (VSM) IR, both using a tf-idf weighting schema. Experimental results show that IN-based IR outperforms VSM IR.

  12. Redesign of Indonesian-made osteosynthesis plates to enhance their mechanical behavior.

    PubMed

    Dewo, P; van der Houwen, E B; Suyitno; Marius, R; Magetsari, R; Verkerke, G J

    2015-02-01

    Mechanical properties determined by fatigue strength, ductility, and toughness are important measures for osteosynthesis plates in order to tolerate some load-bearing situations caused by muscle contractions and weight-bearing effects. Previous study indicated that Indonesian-made plates showed lower mechanical strength compared to the European AO standard plate. High stress under load-bearing situations often starts from surface of the plate; we therefore refined the grain size of the surface by using shot peening and surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT). Single cycle bending tests showed that shot-peened and SMAT-treated plates had significantly higher load limit and bending stress compared to the original plates (p<0.05). Weibull analysis confirmed the improvement of proportional load limit of SMAT-treated plates. Fatigue limit also increased upon shot-peening and SMAT treatment (improvement ratio 18% and 27%, respectively). Significant improvement ratio of fatigue tests can be observed in SMAT-treated plates compared to the untreated and shot-peened plates. Fatigue performance demonstrated equivalent results between SMAT-treated and standard plate. These designated that mechanical properties of Indonesian-made plates can be improved upon SMAT treatment leading to significant enhancement of mechanical strength thus is comparable to the standard plate. Our findings highlight the benefits of SMAT treatment to improve mechanical strength of Indonesian-made osteosynthesis plates.

  13. Effectiveness of indonesian honey on the acceleration of cutaneous wound healing: an experimental study in mice.

    PubMed

    Haryanto, Haryanto; Urai, Tamae; Mukai, Kanae; Gontijo Filho, Paulo P; Suriadi, Suriadi; Sugama, Junko; Nakatani, Toshio

    2012-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Indonesian honey in wound healing compared to Tegaderm hydrocolloid dressing and Manuka honey. Three groups of male mice were treated to produce 2 circular, full-thickness skin wounds on the dorsum. They were then randomly allocated to receive daily Indonesian honey, Manuka honey, or hydrocolloid (control). Macroscopic findings were observed from day 0 to 14 after wounding. Microscopic findings on days 3, 7, 11, and 14 after wounding were obtained. The ratios of wound areas for honey groups on day 3 were smaller than those of the control group. Wound areas of honey groups gradually decreased to almost the same wound area as the control group on day 14, while the control group wound area peaked on day 5 and rapidly decreased until day 14. On day 3, myofibroblasts and new blood capillaries in wound tissue of honey groups were observed, but were not seen in the control group. After day 7, microscopic findings were almost the same among the 3 groups. These results indicate that Indonesian honey is almost as effective for wound healing as Manuka honey and hydrocolloid dressing. .

  14. The Influence of Medication Attitudes on Utilization of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in Indonesian Prisons.

    PubMed

    Culbert, Gabriel J; Bazazi, Alexander R; Waluyo, Agung; Murni, Astia; Muchransyah, Azalia P; Iriyanti, Mariska; Finnahari; Polonsky, Maxim; Levy, Judith; Altice, Frederick L

    2016-05-01

    Negative attitudes toward HIV medications may restrict utilization of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Indonesian prisons where many people living with HIV (PLH) are diagnosed and first offered ART. This mixed-method study examines the influence of medication attitudes on ART utilization among HIV-infected Indonesian prisoners. Randomly-selected HIV-infected male prisoners (n = 102) completed face-to-face in-depth interviews and structured surveys assessing ART attitudes. Results show that although half of participants utilized ART, a quarter of those meeting ART eligibility guidelines did not. Participants not utilizing ART endorsed greater concerns about ART efficacy, safety, and adverse effects, and more certainty that ART should be deferred in PLH who feel healthy. In multivariate analyses, ART utilization was independently associated with more positive ART attitudes (AOR = 1.09, 95 % CI 1.03-1.16, p = 0.002) and higher internalized HIV stigma (AOR = 1.03, 95 % CI 1.00-1.07, p = 0.016). Social marketing of ART is needed to counteract negative ART attitudes that limit ART utilization among Indonesian prisoners.

  15. Climate change influenced female population sizes through time across the Indonesian archipelago.

    PubMed

    Guillot, Elsa G; Tumonggor, Meryanne K; Lansing, J Stephen; Sudoyo, Herawati; Cox, Murray P

    2013-01-01

    Lying at the crossroads of Asia and the Pacific world, the Indonesian archipelago hosts one of the world's richest accumulations of cultural, linguistic, and genetic variation. While the role of human migration into and around the archipelago is now known in some detail, other aspects of Indonesia's complex history are less understood. Here, we focus on population size changes from the first settlement of Indonesia nearly 50 kya up to the historic era. We reconstructed the past effective population sizes of Indonesian women using mitochondrial DNA sequences from 2,104 individuals in 55 village communities on four islands spanning the Indonesian archipelago (Bali, Flores, Sumba, and Timor). We found little evidence for large fluctuations in effective population size. Most communities grew slowly during the late Pleistocene, peaked 15-20 kya, and subsequently declined slowly into the Holocene. This unexpected pattern may reflect population declines caused by the flooding of lowland hunter/gatherer habitat during sea-level rises following the last glacial maximum.

  16. Incidence and mutation analysis of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in eastern Indonesian populations.

    PubMed

    Tantular, Indah S; Matsuoka, Hiroyuki; Kasahara, Yuichi; Pusarawati, Suhintam; Kanbe, Toshio; Tuda, Josef S B; Kido, Yasutoshi; Dachlan, Yoes P; Kawamoto, Fumihiko

    2010-12-01

    We conducted a field survey of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenese (G6PD) deficiency in the eastern Indonesian islands, and analyzed G6PD variants molecularly. The incidence of G6PD deficiency in 5 ethnic groups (Manggarai, Bajawa, Nage-Keo, Larantuka, and Palue) on the Flores and Palue Islands was lower than that of another native group, Sikka, or a nonnative group, Riung. Molecular analysis of G6PD variants indicated that 19 cases in Sikka had a frequency distribution of G6PD variants similar to those in our previous studies, while 8 cases in Riung had a different frequency distribution of G6PD variants. On the other hand, from field surveys in another 8 ethnic groups (Timorese, Sumbanese, Savunese, Kendari, Buton, Muna, Minahasa, and Sangirese) on the islands of West Timor, Sumba, Sulawesi, Muna and Bangka, a total of 49 deficient cases were detected. Thirty-nine of these 49 cases had G6PD Vanua Lava (383T>C) of Melanesian origin. In our previous studies, many cases of G6PD Vanua Lava were found on other eastern Indonesian islands. Taken together, these findings may indicate that G6PD Vanua Lava is the most common variant in eastern Indonesian populations, except for Sikka.

  17. Termite-Susceptible Species of Wood for Inclusion as a Reference in Indonesian Standardized Laboratory Testing.

    PubMed

    Arinana; Tsunoda, Kunio; Herliyana, Elis N; Hadi, Yusuf S

    2012-03-28

    Standardized laboratory testing of wood and wood-based products against subterranean termites in Indonesia (SNI 01.7207-2006) (SNI) has no requirement for the inclusion of a comparative reference species of wood (reference control). This is considered a weakness of the Indonesian standard. Consequently, a study was undertaken to identify a suitable Indonesian species of community wood that could be used as a reference control. Four candidate species of community woods: Acacia mangium, Hevea brasiliensis, Paraserianthes falcataria and Pinus merkusii were selected for testing their susceptibility to feeding by Coptotermes formosanus. Two testing methods (SNI and the Japanese standard method JIS K 1571-2004) were used to compare the susceptibility of each species of wood. Included in the study was Cryptomeria japonica, the reference control specified in the Japanese standard. The results of the study indicated that P. merkusii is a suitable reference species of wood for inclusion in laboratory tests against subterranean termites, conducted in accordance with the Indonesian standard (SNI 01.7207-2006).

  18. Tracking Indonesian Outflow Variability in the Timor Sea Over the Last 450 ky

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuhnt, W.; Holbourn, A. E.; Xu, J.; Kawamura, H.; Andersen, N.; Röhl, U.

    2005-12-01

    Multi-proxy records (multispecies foraminiferal δ13C, δ18O, Mg/Ca, planktonic and benthic assemblages, X-ray fluorescence scanning and color reflectance data, TOC, chlorins and palynomorphs) from the easternmost Indian Ocean (IMAGES Cruise WEPAMA and Sonne Cruise 185 VITAL) allow to closely track changes in sea surface temperature, depth of thermocline, paleoproductivity and land-derived flux in the two main outflow passages of the Indonesian Throughflow. Spectral analysis of productivity and terrigenous flux proxies indicates spectral power concentrated in the 23 ky and 19 ky (precessional) and in the 100 ky (glacial-interglacial) periods. The phase relationships of productivity proxies, terrigenous flux, δ18O and austral summer insolation over the Australian continent suggest that local monsoonal wind patterns and vertical mixing of the upper ocean layer predominantly drive productivity on a precessional timescale. On a glacial-interglacial (100ky) timescale, sea-level related variations in Indonesian Throughflow intensity exert a major control on the thermocline structure in the Timor Sea. A centennial resolution study of Termination II reveals a two-stepped postglacial intensification of the Indonesian Throughflow: an initial increase in the outflow of warm surface water is followed by the onset of a modern-type outflow with a strong component of relatively cool low salinity thermocline waters.

  19. Health impacts of large-scale floods: governmental decision-making and resilience of the citizens.

    PubMed

    Fundter, Dick Q P; Jonkman, Bas; Beerman, Steve; Goemans, Corsmas L P M; Briggs, Rosanna; Coumans, Frits; Lahaye, Jan Willem; Bierens, Joost

    2008-01-01

    During the 15th World Congress on Disaster and Emergency Medicine in Amsterdam, May 2007 (15WCDEM), a targeted agenda program (TAP) about the public health aspects of large-scale floods was organized. The main goal of the TAP was the establishment of an overview of issues that would help governmental decision-makers to develop policies to increase the resilience of the citizens during floods. During the meetings, it became clear that citizens have a natural resistance to evacuations. This results in death due to drowning and injuries. Recently, communication and education programs have been developed that may increase awareness that timely evacuation is important and can be life-saving. After a flood, health problems persist over prolonged periods, including increased death rates during the first year after a flood and a higher incidence of chronic illnesses that last for decades after the flood recedes. Population-based resilience (bottom-up) and governmental responsibility (top-down) must be combined to prepare regions for the health impact of evacuations and floods. More research data are needed to become better informed about the health impact and consequences of translocation of health infrastructures after evacuations. A better understanding of the consequences of floods will support governmental decision-making to mitigate the health impact. A top-10 priority action list was formulated.

  20. The double helix of cultural assimilationism and neo-liberalism: citizenship in contemporary governmentality.

    PubMed

    Schinkel, Willem; Van Houdt, Friso

    2010-12-01

    In this article the recent transformations of citizenship in the Netherlands are analysed in relation to a developing form of governmentality. We regard citizenship as a state regulated technique of in- and exclusion and a crucial instrument in the management of populations. Taking the Dutch contexts of immigration and integration as our case, we argue that cultural assimilationism and neo-liberalism appear in a double helix: they combine to form a new governmental strategy we call neo-liberal communitarianism. Neo-liberal communitarianism is the underlying rationale of a population management that operates both in an individualizing (citizenship as individual participation and responsibility) and a de-individualizing way ('community' at various aggregate and localized levels as frame of 'integration'). It thus combines a communitarian care of a Dutch culturally grounded national community - conceived as traditionally'enlightened' and 'liberal'- with a neo-liberal emphasis on the individual's responsibility to achieve membership of that community. 'Community' is thereby selectively seen as mobilized and present (when immigrant integration is concerned) or as latently present and still in need of mobilization (when indigenous Dutch are concerned). Concomitantly, a repressive responsibilization and a facilitative responsibilization are aimed at these two governmentally differentiated populations.

  1. A cooperated P2P GIS for loose coupled governmental application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Chenyu; Xie, Kunqing; Ma, Xiujun; Cai, Cuo; Sun, Yanfeng

    2007-06-01

    Current governmental applications are of large scale and always compute-intensive and data-intensive, and we focus on introducing P2P computing to facilitate loose coupled governmental applications in this paper. As GIS data is always deposited in locationally distributed nodes, which are probably administrated under spatial databases, the global range is divided into regions to eliminate complicated consistency maintenance and unnecessary message exchanging, and hierarchical spatial indexes are designed for efficient locating spatial resources and low control cost. When executing, a user submitted global spatial query are firstly parsed to sequential subtasks refer to distributed spatial index, and then dynamically passed to appropriate nodes and cooperatively accomplished. Nodes intercommunicate by cooperating messages, which are sent directly to the destination. Besides collaboration process of sequential execution, a dynamic alternative participant approach for failure handling of the sequential execution is provided, which saves the expensive rollback or abort. And this paper also designed and implemented a p2p based loose governmental application prototype, in which nodes intercommunicate via p2p network sub layer, also a user interface is implemented to manage the request from user and eventually reply a result.

  2. Hospital marketing.

    PubMed

    Carter, Tony

    2003-01-01

    This article looks at a prescribed academic framework for various criteria that serve as a checklist for marketing performance that can be applied to hospital marketing organizations. These guidelines are drawn from some of Dr. Noel Capon of Columbia University's book Marketing Management in the 21st Century and applied to actual practices of hospital marketing organizations. In many ways this checklist can act as a "marketing" balanced scorecard to verify performance effectiveness and develop opportunities for innovation.

  3. Hospital philanthropy.

    PubMed

    Smith, Dean G; Clement, Jan P

    2013-01-01

    It remains an open question whether hospital spending on fundraising efforts to garner philanthropy is a good use of funds. Research and industry reports provide conflicting results. We describe the accounting and data challenges in analysis of hospital philanthropy, which include measurement of donations, measurement of fundraising expenses, and finding the relationships among organizations where these cash flows occur. With these challenges, finding conflicting results is not a surprise.

  4. Unusually high prevalence of panton-valentine leukocidin genes among methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus strains carried in the Indonesian population.

    PubMed

    Severin, Juliëtte A; Lestari, Endang Sri; Kuntaman, Kuntaman; Melles, Damian C; Pastink, Martijn; Peeters, Justine K; Snijders, Susan V; Hadi, Usman; Duerink, D Offra; van Belkum, Alex; Verbrugh, Henri A

    2008-06-01

    Few data on the molecular characteristics and epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus from Indonesia are available. The purpose of the present study was to define S. aureus reservoirs in both the Indonesian community and hospital using a collection of 329 nasal carriage isolates obtained during a survey of 3,995 healthy individuals and patients from Java, Indonesia. Only one strain (0.3%) was identified as methicillin-resistant S. aureus by mecA gene PCR. The Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) genes were detected in 35 methicillin-sensitive S. aureus strains (10.6%). Molecular typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of the 329 isolates showed extensive genetic diversity among both PVL-positive and PVL-negative strains. In Surabaya, Indonesia, however, a cluster was identified that was strongly associated with the presence of the PVL locus (P < 0.0001). As determined by high-throughput amplified fragment length polymorphism, PVL-positive strains occurred throughout all major AFLP clusters (I to IV). Multilocus sequence typing of a subset of isolates showed that most PVL-positive strains belonged to sequence type (ST) 188, while most PVL-negative isolates belonged to ST45. The high prevalence of PVL-positive S. aureus strains in certain regions of Indonesia is of concern since these strains may cause severe infections in the community and in hospitals.

  5. Genetic diversity of Japanese encephalitis virus isolates obtained from the Indonesian archipelago between 1974 and 1987.

    PubMed

    Schuh, Amy J; Guzman, Hilda; Tesh, Robert B; Barrett, Alan D T

    2013-07-01

    Five genotypes (GI-V) of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) have been identified, all of which have distinct geographical distributions and epidemiologies. It is thought that JEV originated in the Indonesia-Malaysia region from an ancestral virus. From that ancestral virus GV diverged, followed by GIV, GIII, GII, and GI. Genotype IV appears to be confined to the Indonesia-Malaysia region, as GIV has been isolated in Indonesia from mosquitoes only, while GV has been isolated on three occasions only from a human in Malaysia and mosquitoes in China and South Korea. In contrast, GI-III viruses have been isolated throughout Asia and Australasia from a variety of hosts. Prior to this study only 13 JEV isolates collected from the Indonesian archipelago had been studied genetically. Therefore the sequences of the envelope (E) gene of 24 additional Indonesian JEV isolates, collected throughout the archipelago between 1974 and 1987, were determined and a series of molecular adaptation analyses were performed. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that over a 14-year time span three genotypes of JEV circulated throughout Indonesia, and a statistically significant association between the year of virus collection and genotype was revealed: isolates collected between 1974 and 1980 belonged to GII, isolates collected between 1980 and 1981 belonged to GIV, and isolates collected in 1987 belonged to GIII. Interestingly, three of the GII Indonesian isolates grouped with an isolate that was collected during the JE outbreak that occurred in Australia in 1995, two of the GIII Indonesian isolates were closely related to a Japanese isolate collected 40 years previously, and two Javanese GIV isolates possessed six amino acid substitutions within the E protein when compared to a previously sequenced GIV isolate collected in Flores. Several amino acids within the E protein of the Indonesian isolates were found to be under directional evolution and/or co-evolution. Conceivably, the tropical climate

  6. Genetic Diversity of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Isolates Obtained from the Indonesian Archipelago Between 1974 and 1987

    PubMed Central

    Schuh, Amy J.; Guzman, Hilda; Tesh, Robert B.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Five genotypes (GI–V) of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) have been identified, all of which have distinct geographical distributions and epidemiologies. It is thought that JEV originated in the Indonesia-Malaysia region from an ancestral virus. From that ancestral virus GV diverged, followed by GIV, GIII, GII, and GI. Genotype IV appears to be confined to the Indonesia-Malaysia region, as GIV has been isolated in Indonesia from mosquitoes only, while GV has been isolated on three occasions only from a human in Malaysia and mosquitoes in China and South Korea. In contrast, GI–III viruses have been isolated throughout Asia and Australasia from a variety of hosts. Prior to this study only 13 JEV isolates collected from the Indonesian archipelago had been studied genetically. Therefore the sequences of the envelope (E) gene of 24 additional Indonesian JEV isolates, collected throughout the archipelago between 1974 and 1987, were determined and a series of molecular adaptation analyses were performed. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that over a 14-year time span three genotypes of JEV circulated throughout Indonesia, and a statistically significant association between the year of virus collection and genotype was revealed: isolates collected between 1974 and 1980 belonged to GII, isolates collected between 1980 and 1981 belonged to GIV, and isolates collected in 1987 belonged to GIII. Interestingly, three of the GII Indonesian isolates grouped with an isolate that was collected during the JE outbreak that occurred in Australia in 1995, two of the GIII Indonesian isolates were closely related to a Japanese isolate collected 40 years previously, and two Javanese GIV isolates possessed six amino acid substitutions within the E protein when compared to a previously sequenced GIV isolate collected in Flores. Several amino acids within the E protein of the Indonesian isolates were found to be under directional evolution and/or co-evolution. Conceivably, the

  7. The German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) - Past, Present and Future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rudloff, A.; Lauterjung, J.; Gitews Project Team (Awi, Bgr, Dlr, Gfz, Gkss, Gtz, Ifm-Geomar, Kdm, Unu-Ehs)

    2010-12-01

    The German initiative to design and construct a Tsunami Early Warning System for the Indian Ocean got underway immediately after the 26 December 2004 tsunami in the region. First seismic instruments as well as ocean monitoring sensors were already deployed a few months later between spring and autumn 2005. A significant success and important mile stone for the whole system, which incorporates seismological and GPS sensors, tide gauges, ocean surface and bottom monitoring tools, as well as a tsunami simulation system and a decision support system, was its relevance during the 12 September 2007 Bengkulu earthquake sequence off coast Southern Sumatra. On this occasion, for the first time ever, BMKG - the Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climate and Geophysics launched its own tsunami alarm after 4:40 minutes. During the complete phase of installation, joint German-Indonesian academic and training workshops were held, in addition to training courses for maintenance proficiency. Moreover, capacity building and capacity development measures were carried out at different stages, starting with a PhD programme in Germany, institutional consulting at national, regional and local levels and intensive discussion and knowledge exchange with local communities and administrations in the three pilot regions, Padang (Sumatra), Cilacap (Java) and Kuta (Bali). More than five years after commencement of this pioneering initiative which included a number of official acts, meeting presentations and peer-reviewed publications, a number of measures still remain to be taken. One important step integrates the handing over of the technical system to the Indonesian government. This phase will be accompanied by a subsidiary Indonesian-German company, established through the Indonesian and German partner institutions, which will be responsible for sustainable maintenance and support during the process,. In March 2011, when the German project funding will reach an end, the actual natural

  8. Impact of the Indonesian Throughflow on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Bars, Dewi; Dijkstra, Henk

    2014-05-01

    Understanding the mechanisms controlling the strength and variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is one of the main topics of climate science and in particular physical oceanography. Current simple representations of the global ocean overturning separates the surface return flow to the Atlantic basin into a cold water path through the Drake Passage and a warm water path through the Indonesian Throughflow and Agulhas leakage. The relative importance of these two paths has been investigated in non-eddying ocean models. In these models the Agulhas retroflection cannot be modelled properly, which leads to an important overestimation of the Agulhas leakage. Furthermore, it seems that the in these models the relation between the meridional density gradient and the overturning strength is greatly simplified and changes significantly when eddies are resolved (Den Toom et al. 2013). As a result, the impact of the Pacific-Indian Oceans exchange through the Indonesian Throughflow on the AMOC is still unknown. To investigate this question we run a state-of-the-art ocean model, the Parallel Ocean Program (POP), globally, at eddy resolving resolution (0.1º). Using climatological forcing from the CORE dataset we perform two simulations of 110 years, a control experiment with realistic coastlines and one in which the Indonesian Passages are closed. Results show that, for a closed Indonesian Throughflow, the Indian Ocean cools down but its salinity increases. The Agulhas leakage reduces also by 3Sv (Le Bars et al. 2013) and the net effect on the south Atlantic is a cooling down and decrease salinity. The anomalies propagate slowly northward and a significant decrease of the AMOC is found at 26ºN after 50 years. This decrease AMOC also leads to reduced northward heat flux in the Atlantic. These processes are investigated with a detailed analysis of the heat and freshwater balances in the Atlantic-Arctic region and in the region south of 34ºS where

  9. 36 CFR 1275.52 - Restriction of materials of general historical significance unrelated to abuses of governmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... abuses of governmental power. (a) The Archivist will restrict access to materials determined during the..., under one or more of the circumstances specified in § 1275.50(a). (b) The Archivist will restrict...

  10. 77 FR 18807 - National and Governmental Advisory Committees to the U.S. Representative to the Commission for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ... Environmental Cooperation AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY... the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC). The National and Governmental... Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act, Public Law...

  11. 75 FR 63470 - National and Governmental Advisory Committees to the U.S. Representative to the Commission for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ... Environmental Cooperation AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY... the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC). The National and Governmental... Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act, Public Law...

  12. 76 FR 15308 - National and Governmental Advisory Committees to the U.S. Representative to the Commission for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-21

    ... Environmental Cooperation AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY... the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC). The National and Governmental... Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act, Public Law...

  13. 76 FR 61100 - National and Governmental Advisory Committees to the U.S. Representative to the Commission for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-03

    ... Environmental Cooperation AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY... the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC). The National and Governmental... Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act,Public Law...

  14. 36 CFR 1275.52 - Restriction of materials of general historical significance unrelated to abuses of governmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... processing period to be of general historical significance, but not related to abuses of governmental power..., when the release of these materials would: (1) Disclose trade secrets and commercial or...

  15. From East to West: A Phenomenological Study of Indonesian Graduate Students' Experiences on the Acculturation Process at an American Public Research University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukminin, Amirul

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this inquiry was to describe and understand the lived experiences of the acculturative process of the Indonesian graduate students at an American public university. The primary focus here was on better understanding how some events or changes become sources of difficulties, problems, or culture shock in Indonesian graduate students'…

  16. The role of non-governmental organizations in the social and the health system.

    PubMed

    Piotrowicz, Maria; Cianciara, Dorota

    2013-01-01

    The article presents the definitions, objectives, fields and tasks of non-governmental organizations in social life, health system and health policy. In addition, the article addresses the issue of effectiveness and quality of NGOs' activity. The term "NGOs" (Non-governmental Organizations) includes different categories of entities that operate not to obtain financial gain, and also do not belong to the government sector. Non-governmental Organizations' fields of activity were described in the International Classification of Non-Profit Organizations (ICNPO). NGOs are an integral part of a democratic society. Sociological sciences emphasize their importance in enhancing social integration, implementation of the principle of subsidiarity, building civil society, social dialogue and participatory democracy. The main tasks of NGOs in the health system are providing services and health advocacy. Provision of services includes medical, social and psychological services as well as, integration activities, care and nursing, material and financial support, educational and information services and training. Health advocacy is a combination of individual and social actions designed to gain political commitment, policy support, social acceptance and systems support for a particular health goal or program. An important task carried out by NGOs is participation in the formation of health policy. The increasing role of NGOs in providing social services and the participation in political processes, result in the need to confirm the validity and credibility of their operation. One of the ways could be to introduce the mechanisms to assess quality and efficiency, such as registration as a part of a legal system, self-regulatory activities (card rules, codes of ethics), certification, participation in networks, monitoring and audit.

  17. Hospitality Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College of the Canyons, Valencia, CA.

    A project was conducted at College of the Canyons (Valencia, California) to initiate a new 2-year hospitality program with career options in hotel or restaurant management. A mail and telephone survey of area employers in the restaurant and hotel field demonstrated a need for, interest in, and willingness to provide internships for such a program.…

  18. Hospital finance.

    PubMed

    Herman, M J

    1998-01-01

    This article summarizes key areas of focus for the analysis of risk in the hospital segment of the health care industry. The article is written from a commercial bank lending perspective. Both for-profit (C-corporations) and 501 (c)(3) not-for-profit segments are addressed.

  19. Academic Hospitality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phipps, Alison; Barnett, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    Academic hospitality is a feature of academic life. It takes many forms. It takes material form in the hosting of academics giving papers. It takes epistemological form in the welcome of new ideas. It takes linguistic form in the translation of academic work into other languages, and it takes touristic form through the welcome and generosity with…

  20. Smoking among doctors: governmentality, embodiment, and the diversion of blame in contemporary China.

    PubMed

    Kohrman, Matthew

    2008-01-01

    How and to what effect have physicians in China become frequent cigarette smokers and blamed as engines of nationwide tobacco-induced suffering? Building on governmentality heuristics, I argue that multilevel interactions of biopolitics and male embodiment have been especially significant in shaping these phenomena. Of the effects gleaned in my fieldwork ongoing since 2003, the most important is a deflection of responsibility for tobacco-induced death away from incoherent leadership decisions--some aimed at protecting Chinese citizens from tobacco, others at facilitating trillions of cigarettes being sold annually in the PRC--made over recent years in and outside the country.

  1. The Economic Burden of Self-Reported and Undiagnosed Cardiovascular Diseases and Diabetes on Indonesian Households

    PubMed Central

    Finkelstein, Eric A.; Chay, Junxing; Bajpai, Shailendra

    2014-01-01

    Objectives The goal of this study is: (1) to estimate the current direct out-of-pocket (OOP) and indirect non-communicable diseases (NCD) burden on Indonesian households and (2) to project NCD prevalence and burden in 2020 focusing specifically on hypertension, diabetes, heart problems and stroke. Methods This study relies on econometric analyses based on four waves of the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS). Results In aggregate, of the NCDs studied, heart problems exert the greatest economic burden on households, costing Int$1.56 billion in OOP and indirect burden in 2010. This was followed by hypertension (Int$1.36 billion), diabetes (Int$0.81 billion) and stroke (Int$0.29 billion). The OOP and indirect burden of these conditions is estimated to be Int$4.02 billion. Diabetes and stroke are expected to have the largest proportional increases in burden by 2020; 56.0% for diabetes and 56.9% for stroke to total Int$1.27 billion and Int$0.45 billion respectively. The burden of heart problems in 2020 is expected to increase by 34.4% to total Int$2.09 billion and hypertension burden will increase by 46.1% to Int$1.99 billion. In 2020, these conditions are expected to impose an economic burden of Int$5.80 billion. Conclusion In conclusion, this study demonstrates the significant burden of 4 primary NCDs on Indonesian households. In addition to the indirect burden, hypertension, diabetes, heart problems and stroke account for 8% of the nation's OOP healthcare expenditure, and due to rising disease prevalence and an aging population, this figure is expected to increase to 12% by 2020 without a significant health intervention. PMID:24915510

  2. Mollamides B and C, Cyclic hexapeptides from the indonesian tunicate Didemnum molle.

    PubMed

    Donia, Marwa S; Wang, Bin; Dunbar, Daniel C; Desai, Prashant V; Patny, Akshay; Avery, Mitchell; Hamann, Mark T

    2008-06-01

    Two new cyclic hexapeptides, mollamides B (1) and C (2), were isolated from the Indonesian tunicate Didemnum molle along with the known peptide keenamide A (3). The structures were established using 1D and 2D NMR experiments. The relative configuration of mollamide B at the thiazoline moiety was determined using molecular modeling coupled with NMR-derived restraints. Their absolute configuration was determined using Marfey's method. The new peptides have been evaluated for their antimicrobial, antimalarial, anticancer, anti-HIV-1, anti-Mtb, and anti-inflammatory activities. Keenamide A and mollamide B show cytotoxicity against several cancer cell lines.

  3. The Influence of the United States Army on the Development of the Indonesian Army.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-10

    Javanese Culture",in Claire Holt,eds.,Culture and Politics in Indonesia ,(Ithaca: Cornell University Press,1972). pp.1-69. The figure of the jago was very... Javanese Culture". in Claire Holt,ed. Culture and Politics in Indonesia . Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1972. Anderson,David Charles. "The...8217~ a ~ ~%"P~j %~ N N N N N Nj’- N N V N N V N N ABSTRACT 4. Ir p The Indonesian Army (Tentara Nasional Indonesia ) is,and has long been,the focus of

  4. Gaps in the Family Networks of Older People in Three Indonesian Communities

    PubMed Central

    Schröder-Butterfill, E.

    2007-01-01

    Family networks are widely assumed to be a key source of support for older people in Indonesia and Southeast Asia more generally, although empirical study of their composition and functioning is in its infancy. This paper draws on ethnographic and survey data collected in longitudinal research of ageing in three rural Indonesian communities, in order to identify demographic and social factors limiting the size of elders’ networks. Gaps in networks commonly emerge as a result of childlessness, migration and alienation, but their implications for older people’s vulnerability are shaped by socio-economic status, reputation and cultural norms. PMID:17072765

  5. In-Situ Estimates of tidal mixing in the Indonesian archipelago from multidisciplinary data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koch-Larrouy, Ariane; Atmadipoera, Agus; van Beek, Pieter; Madec, Gurvan; Aucan, Jerome; Lyard, Florent; Grelet, Jacques; Souhaut, Marc

    2015-04-01

    The Indonesian Mixing program (INDOMIX) was designed to quantify the very strong mixing that transforms Pacific waters into homohaline Indonesian Waters in the Indonesian archipelago. The turbulent dissipation rates and associated mixing were estimated and analyzed using a multidisciplinary approach that combines physical and geochemical observations: 1) direct measurements of the dissipation using a microstructure profiler, 2) use of density-based fine-scale methods, and 3) study of the vertical distribution of natural radionuclides (radium isotopes and actinium-227). Data were collected at five contrasting stations within the Indonesian archipelago. Strong instabilities, inversions of the density profiles and a very strong water mass transformation were observed. A wide range of values is obtained for dissipation within [10-10, 10-4] W.kg-1 with spots of higher dissipation in the ocean interior correlated with a strong internal tide signal. Both Fine-scale and micro-scale methods allow us to identify very strong dissipation energy levels above the straits, ranging within [10-7, 10-4] W.kg-1, in contrast to lower values at stations far from generation sites. However, the dissipation in the interior water column for the station located in the center of Halmahera [10-9, 10-8] W.kg-1 is stronger than for the Banda station [10-11, 10-10] W.kg-1, which is further away from generation sites. The three approaches agree relatively well and provide Kz values ranging between 5 10-4 and 5 10-1 m2.s-1, except in the Banda Sea where values are similar to the ones found in the open ocean (10-6 m2.s-1). Kz values mainly increase toward the bottom, where stratification decreases. Surface mixing, at the base of the mixed layer is found to be still very strong with values within [10-4, 10-3 m2.s-1]. These results confirm the results of modelling studies, in which hypothesis of intensified subsurface mixing were made, a mixing that strongly modifies the whole tropical mean state and

  6. Cytotoxic bibenzyls, and germacrane- and pinguisane-type sesquiterpenoids from Indonesian, Tahitian and Japanese liverworts.

    PubMed

    Komala, Ismiarni; Ito, Takuya; Nagashima, Fumihiro; Yagi, Yasuyuki; Asakawa, Yoshinori

    2011-03-01

    Cytotoxic bibenzyls, and germacrane- and pinguisane-type sesquiterpenoids have been isolated from unidentified Indonesian and Tahitian Frullania sp. and Japanese Porella perrottetiana by using a combination of chromatographic methods. The structure activity relationship (SAR) study showed that the presence of a phthalide group in bibenzyls, an alpha-methylene-gamma-lactone in germacrane-type sesquiterpenoids, and beta-hydroxycarbonyl in pinguisane-type sesquiterpenoids play an important role in providing cytotoxic activity against both human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) and human pharyngeal squamous carcinoma (KB) cell lines. The structure of each isolated compound was elucidated by using spectroscopic methods and the cytotoxicity was determined by using the WST-8 colorimetric assay.

  7. Governmentality, the iconography of sexual disease and 'duties' of the STI clinic.

    PubMed

    Pryce, A

    2001-09-01

    Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have come to occupy a different social space over the last hundred years, where the iconography of disease has moved from purity to consumption of desire, and where the regulation of disease has moved from moral proscription to governmentality. These processes are represented through health promotion campaigns where the medico-moral discourses appropriated both the iconography of pathology and the construction of the family as the site of moral surveillance and governmentality. This paper will consider how the 'duties' of STD clinics have been defined and mark a paradigmatic statement of the panoptic role of medicine in the mapping of the social and psychological spaces between individuals. Sexual health medicine, together with health promotion ideologies, has claimed privileged status through the deployment of expert, clinical knowledge and rationalities, to penetrate the sexual praxis of populations. In so doing, it also underscored the individual's roles and responsibilities in the ideological work of the changing constructions of sexual citizenship, from moral purity to ars erotica, as well as the increasing intervention of the state in reproduction and control of sexualities.

  8. Occupational disease among non-governmental employees in Malaysia: 2002-2006.

    PubMed

    Abas, Adinegara Bin Lutfi; Said, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd; Mohammed, Mohammed Azman Bin Aziz; Sathiakumar, Nalini

    2008-01-01

    In the absence of systematic occupational disease surveillance, other data collected by governmental agencies or industry is useful in the identification of occupational diseases and their control. We examined data on occupational diseases reported by non-governmental employees to the national workers' social security organization in Malaysia, 2002-2006. The overall incidence rate of occupational disease was 2.8 per 100,000 workers. There was an increase in the annual number and rates of occupational disease over time. The most frequently reported conditions were hearing impairment (32%) and musculoskeletal disorders (28%). Workers in the non-metallic manufacturing industry had the highest average incidence rate of hearing impairment (12.7 per 100,000 workers) and musculoskeletal disorders (3.5 per 100,000 workers), compared to all other industries. Preventive measures should focus on safety education, engineering control and workplace ergonomics. Enforcing workplace standards and incorporating an ongoing surveillance system will facilitate the control and reduction of occupational disease.

  9. Analysis of governmental Web sites on food safety issues: a global perspective.

    PubMed

    Namkung, Young; Almanza, Barbara A

    2006-10-01

    Despite a growing concern over food safety issues, as well as a growing dependence on the Internet as a source of information, little research has been done to examine the presence and relevance of food safety-related information on Web sites. The study reported here conducted Web site analysis in order to examine the current operational status of governmental Web sites on food safety issues. The study also evaluated Web site usability, especially information dimensionalities such as utility, currency, and relevance of content, from the perspective of the English-speaking consumer. Results showed that out of 192 World Health Organization members, 111 countries operated governmental Web sites that provide information about food safety issues. Among 171 searchable Web sites from the 111 countries, 123 Web sites (71.9 percent) were accessible, and 81 of those 123 (65.9 percent) were available in English. The majority of Web sites offered search engine tools and related links for more information, but their availability and utility was limited. In terms of content, 69.9 percent of Web sites offered information on foodborne-disease outbreaks, compared with 31.5 percent that had travel- and health-related information.

  10. Improving Indonesian peatland C stock estimates using ground penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity imaging (ERI)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Terry, N.; Comas, X.; Slater, L. D.; Warren, M.; Kolka, R. K.; Kristijono, A.; Sudiana, N.; Nurjaman, D.; Darusman, T.

    2014-12-01

    Tropical peatlands sequester an estimated 15% of the carbon pool from peatlands worldwide. Indonesian peatlands account for approximately 65% of all tropical peat, and are believed to be the largest global source of carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere from degrading peat. However, there is great uncertainty in these estimates due to insufficient data regarding the thickness of organic peat soils and their carbon content. Meanwhile, Indonesian peatlands are threatened by heightening pressure to drain and develop. Indirect geophysical methods have garnered interest for their potential to non-invasively estimate peat depth and gas content in boreal peatlands. Drawing from these techniques, we employed ground penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) in tandem with direct methods (core sampling) to evaluate the potential of these methods for tropical peatland mapping at 2 distinct study sites on West Kalimantan (Indonesia). We find that: [1] West Kalimantan peatland thicknesses estimated from GPR and ERI in intermediate/shallow peat can vary substantially over short distances (for example, > 2% over less than 0.02° surface topography gradient), [2] despite having less vertical resolution, ERI is able to better resolve peatland thickness in deep peat, and [3] GPR provides useful data regarding peat matrix attributes (such as the presence of wood layers). These results indicate GPR and ERI could help reduce uncertainty in carbon stocks and aid in responsible land management decisions in Indonesia.

  11. Numerical simulations examining the possible role of anthropogenic and volcanic emissions during the 1997 Indonesian fires.

    PubMed

    Pfeffer, Melissa Anne; Langmann, Bärbel; Heil, Angelika; Graf, Hans-F

    2012-09-01

    The regional atmospheric chemistry and climate model REMOTE has been used to conduct numerical simulations of the atmosphere during the catastrophic Indonesian fires of 1997. These simulations represent one possible scenario of the event, utilizing the RETRO wildland fire emission database. Emissions from the fires dominate the atmospheric concentrations of O(3), CO, NO(2), and SO(2) creating many possible exceedances of the Indonesian air quality standards. The scenario described here suggests that urban anthropogenic emissions contributed to the poor air quality due primarily to the fires. The urban air pollution may have increased the total number of people exposed to exceedances of the O(3) 1-h standard by 17%. Secondary O(3) from anthropogenic emissions enhanced the conversion of SO(2) released by the fires to [Formula: see text], demonstrating that the urban pollution actively altered the atmospheric behavior and lifetime of the fire emissions. Under the conditions present during the fires, volcanic SO(2) emissions had a negligible influence on surface pollution.

  12. The potential of Indonesian mangrove forests for global climate change mitigation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdiyarso, Daniel; Purbopuspito, Joko; Kauffman, J. Boone; Warren, Matthew W.; Sasmito, Sigit D.; Donato, Daniel C.; Manuri, Solichin; Krisnawati, Haruni; Taberima, Sartji; Kurnianto, Sofyan

    2015-12-01

    Mangroves provide a wide range of ecosystem services, including nutrient cycling, soil formation, wood production, fish spawning grounds, ecotourism and carbon (C) storage. High rates of tree and plant growth, coupled with anaerobic, water-logged soils that slow decomposition, result in large long-term C storage. Given their global significance as large sinks of C, preventing mangrove loss would be an effective climate change adaptation and mitigation strategy. It has been reported that C stocks in the Indo-Pacific region contain on average 1,023 MgC ha-1 (ref. ). Here, we estimate that Indonesian mangrove C stocks are 1,083 +/- 378 MgC ha-1. Scaled up to the country-level mangrove extent of 2.9 Mha (ref. ), Indonesia’s mangroves contained on average 3.14 PgC. In three decades Indonesia has lost 40% of its mangroves, mainly as a result of aquaculture development. This has resulted in annual emissions of 0.07-0.21 Pg CO2e. Annual mangrove deforestation in Indonesia is only 6% of its total forest loss; however, if this were halted, total emissions would be reduced by an amount equal to 10-31% of estimated annual emissions from land-use sectors at present. Conservation of carbon-rich mangroves in the Indonesian archipelago should be a high-priority component of strategies to mitigate climate change.

  13. Freshening anomalies in the Indonesian throughflow and impacts on the Leeuwin Current during 2010-2011

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Ming; Benthuysen, Jessica; Zhang, Ningning; Slawinski, Dirk

    2015-10-01

    During the 2010-2011 La Niña and Ningaloo Niño, excessive precipitations in the Maritime Continent and Indonesian-Australian Basin caused surface waters to freshen by 0.3 practical salinity unit in the southeast Indian Ocean. The low-salinity anomalies are observed to be carried westward by the Indonesian throughflow and the South Equatorial Current and transmitted into the poleward flowing eastern boundary current, the Leeuwin Current, along the Western Australian coast. Low-salinity anomalies contribute to about 30% of the anomalous increase of the southward Leeuwin Current transport during the evolution of the 2010-2011 Ningaloo Niño, resulting in unprecedented warming off the coast of Western Australia. Episodical freshening of the Leeuwin Current has been observed at the Rottnest coastal reference station of Western Australia during extended La Niña conditions over the past several decades; low-salinity anomalies at the station during the 2010-2011 Ningaloo Niño are comparable with strong historical events.

  14. Onset of clinical immunity to Plasmodium falciparum among Javanese migrants to Indonesian Papua.

    PubMed

    Baird, J K; Krisin; Barcus, M J; Elyazar, I R F; Bangs, M J; Maguire, J D; Fryauff, D J; Richie, T L; Sekartuti; Kalalo, W

    2003-09-01

    Onset of clinical immunity to Plasmodium falciparum occurred among Javanese migrants to Indonesian Papua. Surveillance of the 243 migrants investigated began on the day of their arrival in Indonesian Papua and continued for 33 months. Asexual parasitaemia without fever constituted objective evidence of clinical immunity. Compared with first infection, the odds ratio (OR) for not having fever at the fourth infection within 24 months was 3.2 [95% confidence interval (CI)=1.03-10.2; P=0.02]. The corresponding OR with fewer infections within 24 months was not distinguishable from 1.0. The level of the fourth parasitaemia within 24 months (N=58) was classified as 'high' or 'low' in relation to the median count at first infection (840 parasites/microl; N=187). Fourth parasitaemias that were low-but not those that were high (OR=1.8; CI=0.6-5.4; P=0.35)-were associated with dramatic protection from fever (OR=31; CI=3.5-1348; P=0.0001). Among the adult subjects, the risk of fever with low parasitaemia was significantly higher at the first infection than at the fourth (OR=12.6; CI=1.7-530; P=0.005), indicating the development of clinical immunity. A similar but less marked pattern appeared among the children investigated (OR=6.5; CI=0.8-285; P=0.06).

  15. The mesiodistal crown diameters of primary dentition in Indonesian Javanese children.

    PubMed

    Kuswandari, Sri; Nishino, Mizuho

    2004-03-01

    Dentition analysis of primary teeth is necessary for recognising and correcting occlusal problems in every stage of dental development to enable normal adult occlusion. To do this, normative data of mesiodistal tooth crown diameters from the same ethnic population are needed. The aims of this study were to gather normative data of mesiodistal crown diameters of primary dentition in Indonesian Javanese children and to compare this normative data with published data of other ethnic populations. Dental casts of 160 males and 137 females with acceptable occlusion, aged 3.25-6.58 years, were taken in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Mesiodistal diameter was measured as the distance between the anatomic contact points using calipers with accuracy to within 0.05 mm. Each measurement was taken twice on different occasions. The results indicated that the magnitude of asymmetry between right and left teeth was larger in distal teeth within a tooth field, larger in males than females, and larger in mandibular than maxillary teeth. The stability of mesiodistal tooth crown diameters was less in males than in females, and was most prominent in the mandibular central incisor. Sexual dimorphisms were found in, the lateral incisor and first molar in the maxilla, and the canine, first and second molars in the mandible. Compared with other ethnic populations, Indonesian Javanese falls between Hong Kong Chinese and Australian Aboriginal.

  16. Allele frequency data for 15 autosomal STR loci in eight Indonesian subpopulations.

    PubMed

    Venables, Samantha J; Daniel, Runa; Sarre, Stephen D; Soedarsono, Nurtami; Sudoyo, Herawati; Suryadi, Helena; van Oorschot, Roland A H; Walsh, Simon J; Widodo, Putut T; McNevin, Dennis

    2016-01-01

    Evolutionary and cultural history can affect the genetic characteristics of a population and influences the frequency of different variants at a particular genetic marker (allele frequency). These characteristics directly influence the strength of forensic DNA evidence and make the availability of suitable allele frequency information for every discrete country or jurisdiction highly relevant. Population sub-structure within Indonesia has not been well characterised but should be expected given the complex geographical, linguistic and cultural architecture of the Indonesian population. Here we use forensic short tandem repeat (STR) markers to identify a number of distinct genetic subpopulations within Indonesia and calculate appropriate population sub-structure correction factors. This data represents the most comprehensive investigation of population sub-structure within Indonesia to date using these markers. The results demonstrate that significant sub-structure is present within the Indonesian population and must be accounted for using island specific allele frequencies and corresponding sub-structure correction factors in the calculation of forensic DNA match statistics.

  17. Spatio-temporal characteristics of temperature and precipitation extremes in Indonesian Borneo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Supari, Tangang, Fredolin; Juneng, Liew; Aldrian, Edvin

    2016-11-01

    This study aims to investigate the characteristics of temperature and precipitation extremes in Indonesian Borneo both in space and time. Using daily data of 15 weather stations, a subset of 12 climate extreme indices has been calculated to clarify whether the frequency, intensity and duration of temperature and precipitation extremes have changed over the last three decades. Results show that the island has clearly warmed up for the last three decades. The annual average of maximum temperature (TXmean) and minimum temperature (TNmean) increased significantly by 0.22 (0.36) °C per 10 years during the studied period. The annual number of warm days (TX90p) and warm nights (TN90p) significantly increased while the number of cool days (TX10p) and cool nights (TN10p) decreased significantly. In contrast, the trends of precipitation extremes were not clearly observed. The changes in the extreme rainfall events are generally less consistent between the different stations. However, the tendency of the island to be wetter was observed as reflected by the frequency of heavy precipitation days (R20mm), the annual maxima of daily rainfall (RX1day) and the average intensity of daily rainfall (SDII). For SDII, the regional index shows a significant increasing trend by 0.3 mm/day per decade. This study fills information gaps of how climate extremes are changing in Indonesian Borneo.

  18. Gender Development in Indonesian Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disorders of Sex Development.

    PubMed

    Ediati, Annastasia; Juniarto, Achmad Zulfa; Birnie, Erwin; Drop, Stenvert L S; Faradz, Sultana M H; Dessens, Arianne B

    2015-07-01

    In most Western countries, clinical management of disorders of sex development (DSD), including ambiguous genitalia, begins at diagnosis soon after birth. For many Indonesian patients born with ambiguous genitalia, limited medical treatment is available. Consequently, affected individuals are raised with ambiguous genitalia and atypical secondary sex characteristics. We investigated gender identity and gender role behavior in 118 Indonesian subjects (77 males, 41 females) with different types of DSD in comparison with 118 healthy controls matched for gender, age, and residential setting (rural, suburban, or urban). In Study 1, we report on methodological aspects of the investigation, including scale adaptation, pilot testing, and determining reliability and validity of measures. In Study 2, we report on gender development in 60 children (42 boys, 18 girls), 24 adolescents (15 boys, 9 girls), and 34 adults (19 men, 15 women) with DSD. The majority of participants with DSD never received any medical or surgical treatment prior to this study. We observed a gender change in all age groups, with the greatest incidence in adults. Among patients who changed, most changed from female to male, possessed a 46,XY karyotype, and had experienced significant masculinization during life. Gender identity confusion and cross-gender behavior was more frequently observed in children with DSD raised as girls compared to boys. Puberty and associated masculinization were related to gender problems in individuals with 46,XY DSD raised female. An integrated clinical and psychological follow-up on gender outcome is necessary prior to puberty and adulthood.

  19. The South Indian Ocean Countercurrent: a return pathway of the Indonesian Throughflow?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambert, Erwin; leBars, Dewi; de Ruijter, Will

    2014-05-01

    The South Indian Ocean Counter Current (SICC) is associated with a thermal front embedded in a broad eastward flow across the subtropical Indian Ocean and feeds into the poleward Leeuwin Current (LC). Previous studies have shown that the LC and SICC are sensitive to variations of the inflow of Pacific water through the Indonesian Passages (ITF). These subtropical countercurrents, of which the SICC is an example, are characterized by high eddy activity and theoretical work has shown the non-linear nature of their dynamics. That has motivated us to investigate the inertial response to the ITF of the IO circulaion. Analysis of two global eddy resolving model runs with the Indonesian Passages open and closed showed that the full 15 Sv of the ITF flows through the Mozambique Channel but only 10 Sv ends up in the Agulhas Current. This suggests that the SICC-LC system forms part of the return pathway of the ITF to the Pacific. Using the Hallberg Isopycnal Model we have investigated the combined effect of ITF, wind- and buoyancy forcing on the Indian Ocean circulation in the inertial boundary layer regime.

  20. Dengue virus infection-enhancing antibody activities against Indonesian strains in inhabitants of central Thailand.

    PubMed

    Yamanaka, Atsushi; Oddgun, Duangjai; Chantawat, Nantarat; Okabayashi, Tamaki; Ramasoota, Pongrama; Churrotin, Siti; Kotaki, Tomohiro; Kameoka, Masanori; Soegijanto, Soegeng; Konishi, Eiji

    2016-04-01

    Dengue virus (DENV) infection-enhancing antibodies are a hypothetic factor to increase the dengue disease severity. In this study, we investigated the enhancing antibodies against Indonesian strains of DENV-1-4 in 50 healthy inhabitants of central Thailand (Bangkok and Uthai Thani). Indonesia and Thailand have seen the highest dengue incidence in Southeast Asia. The infection history of each subject was estimated by comparing his/her neutralizing antibody titers against prototype DENV-1-4 strains. To resolve the difficulty in obtaining foreign live viruses for use as assay antigens, we used a recombinant system to prepare single-round infectious dengue viral particles based on viral sequence information. Irrespective of the previously infecting serotype(s), most serum samples showed significantly higher enhancement titers against Indonesian DENV-2 strains than against Thai DENV-2 strains, whereas the opposite effect was observed for the DENV-3 strains. Equivalent enhancing activities were observed against both DENV-1 and DENV-4. These results suggest that the genotype has an impact on enhancing antibody activities against DENV-2 and DENV-3, because the predominant circulating genotypes of each serotype differ between Indonesia and Thailand.

  1. Tectonic development of the Indonesian archipelago and its bearing on the occurrence of hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect

    Simanjuntak, T.O. )

    1994-07-01

    The present geological and tectonic configuration of the Indonesian archipelago may represent a typical triple junction plate convergence, which has developed since Neogene times due to the northward-moving Indo-Australian plate, the westward-moving Pacific plate, and the south-southeastward-moving Eurasian Craton. The occurrence of a number of microcontinents in eastern Indonesia makes the geology and tectonics of the region more complex. The archipelago is one of the most complicated regions from the plate tectonics point of view. The geological evolution of the Indonesian archipelago is recorded by the occurrence of both tectonic convergence and tectonic divergence. Various types of plate convergences include a Cordilleran type subduction, which has been reoccurring since Paleozoic until present times in western Indonesia; a Neogene Tethyan type collision in the Banda region; and a double-arc collision in northern Maluku, central Indonesia. Tectonic divergence, which was preceded by rifting due to thermal doming and magma rise in the northern margins of the Australian Craton and followed by the detachment and west-northwestward displacement of continental fragments in Mesozoic, gave rise to the development of the microcontinents in eastern Indonesia.

  2. Indonesian railway accidents--utilizing Human Factors Analysis and Classification System in determining potential contributing factors.

    PubMed

    Iridiastadi, Hardianto; Ikatrinasari, Zulfa Fitri

    2012-01-01

    The prevalence of Indonesian railway accidents has not been declining, with hundreds of fatalities reported in the past decade. As an effort to help the National Transportation Safety Committee (NTSC), this study was conducted that aimed at understanding factors that might have contributed to the accidents. Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) was utilized for this purpose. A total of nine accident reports (provided by the Indonesian NTSC) involving fatalities were studied using the technique. Results of this study indicated 72 factors that were closely related to the accidents. Of these, roughly 22% were considered as operator acts while about 39% were related to preconditions for operator acts. Supervisory represented 14% of the factors, and the remaining (about 25%) were associated with organizational factors. It was concluded that, while train drivers indeed played an important role in the accidents, interventions solely directed toward train drivers may not be adequate. A more comprehensive approach in minimizing the accidents should be conducted that addresses all the four aspects of HFACS.

  3. Technical skills requirement of Indonesian construction labors to work in Malaysia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adi, Henny Pratiwi

    2017-03-01

    Labors skills is an important part of construction projects implementation. Suitability between the skills possessed by labors with the skills needed by user is required to increase employment opportunities. Malaysia is a country that using construction labors from Indonesia. This study aims to get the kind of technical skills required by users of Indonesian constructian labors in Malaysia and also the importance level of technical skills. Data collecting in this research was conducted through interviews and questionnaires on contractors in Malaysia. The next stage was determine the importance level of technical skills in work field of carpenter, bricklayer, plumber and painters. The importance level of technical skills analyzed using the Relative Importance Index (RII). The results showed that mastering the operation of both instruments either manually or electrically is the most importance in the technical skills. Therefore, an understanding of the types of equipment for work field and the manner of operation is need to had by Indonesian construction labors who will work in Malaysia.

  4. A genome wide association study of pulmonary tuberculosis susceptibility in Indonesians

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background There is reason to expect strong genetic influences on the risk of developing active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) among latently infected individuals. Many of the genome wide linkage and association studies (GWAS) to date have been conducted on African populations. In order to identify additional targets in genetically dissimilar populations, and to enhance our understanding of this disease, we performed a multi-stage GWAS in a Southeast Asian cohort from Indonesia. Methods In stage 1, we used the Affymetrix 100 K SNP GeneChip marker set to genotype 259 Indonesian samples. After quality control filtering, 108 cases and 115 controls were analyzed for association of 95,207 SNPs. In stage 2, we attempted validation of 2,453 SNPs with promising associations from the first stage, in 1,189 individuals from the same Indonesian cohort, and finally in stage 3 we selected 251 SNPs from this stage to test TB association in an independent Caucasian cohort (n = 3,760) from Russia. Results Our study suggests evidence of association (P = 0.0004-0.0067) for 8 independent loci (nominal significance P < 0.05), which are located within or near the following genes involved in immune signaling: JAG1, DYNLRB2, EBF1, TMEFF2, CCL17, HAUS6, PENK and TXNDC4. Conclusions Mechanisms of immune defense suggested by some of the identified genes exhibit biological plausibility and may suggest novel pathways involved in the host containment of infection with TB. PMID:22239941

  5. The dynamic connection of the Indonesian Throughflow, South Indian Ocean Countercurrent and the Leeuwin Current

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambert, E.; Le Bars, D.; de Ruijter, W. P. M.

    2015-09-01

    East of Madagascar, wind and surface buoyancy fluxes reinforce each other, leading to frontogenesis, outcrop and an eastward along-front flow: the South Indian Ocean Countercurrent (SICC). In the east the Leeuwin Current (LC) is a unique eastern boundary current which flows poleward along Australia. It is often described as a regional coastal current forced by an off-shore meridional density gradient or a sea surface slope, yet little is known of the forcing and dynamics that control these open ocean meridional gadients. To complete this understanding, we make use of both an ocean general circulation model and a conceptual two-layer model. The SICC impinges on west Australia and adds to a sea level slope and a southward geostrophic coastal jet: the Leeuwin Current. The SICC and the LC are thus dynamically connected. An observed transport maximum of the LC around 22° S is directly related to this impingement of the SICC. The circulation of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) through the Indian Ocean appears to be partly trapped in the upper layer north of the outcrop line and is redirected along this outcrop line to join the eastward flow of the SICC. Shutdown of the ITF in both models strongly decreases the Leeuwin Current transport and breaks the connection between the LC and SICC. In this case, most of the SICC was found to reconnect to the internal gyre circulation in the Indian Ocean. The Indonesian Throughflow, South Indian Ocean Countercurrent and the Leeuwin Current are thus dynamically coupled.

  6. Characteristics and variability of the Indonesian throughflow water at the outflow straits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Atmadipoera, Agus; Molcard, Robert; Madec, Gurvan; Wijffels, Susan; Sprintall, Janet; Koch-Larrouy, Ariane; Jaya, Indra; Supangat, Agus

    2009-11-01

    Property structure and variability of the Indonesian Throughflow Water in the major outflow straits (Lombok, Ombai and Timor) are revised from newly available data sets and output from a numerical model. Emphasis is put on the upper layers of the Indonesian Throughflow that impacts the heat and freshwater fluxes of the South Equatorial Current in the Indian Ocean. During the April-June monsoon transition the salinity maximum signature of the North Pacific thermocline water is strongly attenuated. This freshening of the thermocline layer is more intense in Ombai and is related to the supply of fresh near-surface Java Sea water that is drawn eastward by surface monsoon currents and subject to strong diapycnal mixing. The freshwater exits to the Indian Ocean first through Lombok Strait and later through Ombai and Timor, with an advective phase lag of between one and five months. Because of these phase lags, the fresher surface and thermocline water is found in the southeast Indian Ocean from the beginning of the monsoon transition period in April through until the end of the southeast monsoon in September, a much longer time period than previously estimated.

  7. Legislation affecting governmental assistance for children of parents with substance use: a policy analysis of social justice.

    PubMed

    Raynor, Phyllis; Williams, Pamela Holtzclaw

    2012-11-01

    There is legislation that withdraws governmental assistance where parents are using drugs. Social justice is an important consideration in any policy that modifies governmental assistance that benefits vulnerable children. The purpose of this policy analysis is to analyze identified legislation that effect governmental assistance for children in response to parents' substance misuse. A selective review of data-driven studies examined findings describing actual or potential effects on children of legislation targeting parental substance misuse. Challenges in design, processes, and implementation contribute to poor child outcomes. Identifiable constructs of social justice were missing in the reviewed legislation. Social injustice is a potential outcome for children when legislative intent focuses solely on addressing parental drug behaviors. Legislative alternatives to withdrawing support can address substance abuse while maintaining health promotion for these vulnerable children.

  8. An Ideal Indonesian in an Increasingly Competitive World: Personal Character and Values Required to Realise a Projected 2045 "Golden Indonesia"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malihah, Elly

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this article is to examine the way character education and multicultural values' education can contribute to a perfect and transformed Indonesia by 2045. At this time (i.e. 2045), the Republic of Indonesia will be 100 years old. The presence of an ideal Indonesian will contribute to high national growth and development. This will…

  9. Diversity of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor genes in Indonesian populations of Java, Kalimantan, Timor and Irian Jaya.

    PubMed

    Velickovic, M; Velickovic, Z; Panigoro, R; Dunckley, H

    2009-01-01

    Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) regulate the activity of natural killer and T cells through interactions with specific human leucocyte antigen class I molecules on target cells. Population studies performed over the last several years have established that KIR gene frequencies (GFs) and genotype content vary considerably among different ethnic groups, indicating the extent of KIR diversity, some of which have also shown the effect of the presence or absence of specific KIR genes in human disease. We have determined the frequencies of 16 KIR genes and pseudogenes and genotypes in 193 Indonesian individuals from Java, East Timor, Irian Jaya (western half of the island of New Guinea) and Kalimantan provinces of Indonesian Borneo. All 16 KIR genes were observed in all four populations. Variation in GFs between populations was observed, except for KIR2DL4, KIR3DL2, KIR3DL3, KIR2DP1 and KIR3DP1 genes, which were present in every individual tested. When comparing KIR GFs between populations, both principal component analysis and a phylogenetic tree showed close clustering of the Kalimantan and Javanese populations, while Irianese populations were clearly separated from the other three populations. Our results indicate a high level of KIR polymorphism in Indonesian populations that probably reflects the large geographical spread of the Indonesian archipelago and the complex evolutionary history and population migration in this region.

  10. "What Is My Problem?" A Case Study of an Adult Indonesian E.S.L. Learner in Australia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoven, Debra

    A case study investigated the linguistic and social contexts of an adult Indonesian learner of English as a second language (ESL) in Australia, and how these factors affected his language learning progress. The learner, raised in Indonesia, was a young adult of Chinese descent. The discrepancy between the learner's perceptions of his own language…

  11. International Graduate Students' Cross-Cultural Academic Engagement: Stories of Indonesian Doctoral Students on an American Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukminin, Amirul; McMahon, Brenda J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of academic engagement of twelve Indonesian doctoral students attending an American graduate school during their first term and over time through demographic background surveys and semi-structured in-depth interviews. The research design was qualitative in the phenomenological approach…

  12. The Relations of Majority-Minority Group Status and Having an Other-Religion Friend to Indonesian Youths' Socioemotional Functioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Sallquist, Julie; French, Doran C.; Purwono, Urip; Suryanti, Telie Ari; Pidada, Sri

    2009-01-01

    In this study, the authors examined the relations of Indonesian adolescents' socioemotional functioning to their majority-minority status and the presence of cross-religion friendships and whether sex moderated these relations. At Time 1, 1,254 7th graders and their peers in Bandung, Indonesia, reported on their friendships, prosocial behavior,…

  13. What Do You Want to Be When You Grow Up? Self-Construction in Indonesian Street Children's Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dewayani, Sophie

    2013-01-01

    The "Education for All policy" is one of the Indonesian government's solutions to return children who work in the street to formal schooling. Unfortunately, access to higher education, which can enable vertical mobility for these children, is constrained by many factors, including financial opportunities. This study examines the…

  14. Visual effects of the first ladies’ Kebaya clothing on the image of Indonesian women’s appearances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suciati

    2016-04-01

    The image of Indonesian women on international level is partly influenced by the appearance of the First Lady. The role and position of the First Lady is the representation of Indonesian women, because basically the First Lady, as the wife who accompanies the President (head of state), has a strong background of cultural grip, high intellectuality and good personality in her daily lifestyle, including in wearing clothes, and as an ambassador of culture and design. Fashion style of the First Lady always draws praise and criticism from the public. The purpose of this study is to reveal the visualization effects of Indonesian First Ladies’ kebaya clothing style in various state occasions on the image of Indonesian women’s appearances. This study is a qualitative research of visual data that emphasizes the discussion of Kebaya Clothing using semiological study (connotation and denotation meaning) that bring out self-image. The results showed that the style the First Ladies’ Kebaya clothing in every presidency period of their husbands had characteristics both in the style of clothing or hairstyle, indicating self-image. The conclusion of this study reveals that the First Ladies’ Kebaya Clothing (National Clothing) is interpreted as having implied messages because clothing can be observed visually. Implication was done on the construction of learning patterns of clothing, national fashion design and Nusantara ethnic clothing design.

  15. The Indonesian School Principal: Broadening Responsibility. Educational Policy and Planning Project. A Government of Indonesia-USAID Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummings, William K.; And Others

    The Indonesian school principal is a highly respected individual who serves as the critical link between the school and the community as well as local and national authorities. While most principals are well educated and capable, their positions are too limited. Most principals simply implement educational policy whereas they could and should be…

  16. The Impact of "Jalan Sesama" on the Educational and Healthy Development of Indonesian Preschool Children: An Experimental Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borzekowski, Dina L. G.; Henry, Holly K.

    2011-01-01

    "Jalan Sesama" was developed to address the developmental needs of Indonesian children ages 3 to 6 years. Using a randomized experimental research study design, this study examined the effect of a 14-week intervention on 160 children in the Pandeglang District in Indonesia's Banten Province. Results offer solid evidence that early…

  17. A Group of Indonesian Adult EFL Students' Mastery of Tenses and Aspects: Investigating the Internal and External Factors of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muhlisin; Salikin, Hairus

    2015-01-01

    The study aimed, firstly, to assess a group of Indonesian adult EFL students' mastery of tenses and aspects as part of their mastery of English grammar and, secondly, to identify if their experience of going through the instructional processes, their perceptions of and habits in studying English grammar shaped their mastery of tenses and aspects.…

  18. Comparing Hedges Used By English and Indonesian Scholars in Published Research Articles: A Corpus-Based Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanjaya, I. Nyoman Suka; Sitawati, Anak Agung Raka; Suciani, Ni Ketut

    2015-01-01

    The study examines whether English and Indonesian research articles written by their respective native speaker scholars are significantly different from each other in terms of the number of hedges used. Hedges are rhetorical features (e.g. "may", "perhaps", "suggest") used to withhold complete commitment to the…

  19. A new mode of organizing in health care? Governmentality and managed networks in cancer services in England.

    PubMed

    Ferlie, Ewan; McGivern, Gerry; Fitzgerald, Louise

    2012-02-01

    We explore the argument that a new mode of health care organizing is emerging which moves beyond the established professional dominance versus New Public Management (NPM) debate. We review Foucault's work on 'governmentality', as applied to health care organizations. We specify two specific Foucauldian themes (the power/knowledge nexus in Evidence Based Medicine (EBM); and the technologies of the clinical managerial self) to analyse organizing in the English cancer services field. We introduce two qualitative case studies of Managed Cancer Networks. We suggest their governance can be fruitfully seen through a 'governmentality' lens. We consider implications for developing Foucauldian analysis of health care organizations.

  20. [Health promotion-related duties and rules--the acceptance of governmental authorities in the private sphere of health].

    PubMed

    Altgeld, T

    2010-01-01

    The acceptance of governmental authorities in the private sphere of health is increasing, even if the regulated behaviour patterns concern only small groups of a population. The tobacco and alcohol control policies in Germany are a good example for the different acceptance within the population of structural prevention strategies. The scope of action for a sustainable health policy, along side the health care sector and the framework for health professionals, is only limited. The responsibility for health seems to be a personal topic. Furthermore, the interests of the producers of harmful products hinder an effective governmental regulation.

  1. Ways of Doing: Restorative Practices, Governmentality, and Provider Conduct in Post-Apartheid Health Care.

    PubMed

    Harris, Bronwyn; Eyles, John; Goudge, Jane

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we consider the conduct of post-apartheid health care in a policy context directed toward entrenching democracy, ensuring treatment-adherent patients, and creating a healthy populace actively responsible for their own health. We ask how tuberculosis treatment, antiretroviral therapy, and maternal services are delivered within South Africa's health system, an institutional site of colonial and apartheid injustice, and democratic reform. Using Foucauldian and post-Foucauldian notions of governmentality, we explore provider ways of doing to, for, and with patients in three health subdistricts. Although restorative provider engagements are expected in policy, older authoritarian and paternalistic norms persist in practice. These challenge and reshape, even 'undo' democratic assertions of citizenship, while producing compliant, self-responsible patients. Alongside the need to address pervasive structural barriers to health care, a restorative approach requires community participation, provider accountability, and a health system that does with providers as much as providers who do with patients.

  2. Negotiating mothering against the odds: gastrostomy tube feeding, stigma, governmentality and disabled children.

    PubMed

    Craig, Gillian M; Scambler, Graham

    2006-03-01

    Using the findings of a small-scale qualitative investigation based on in-depth interviews with mothers attending a tertiary paediatric referral centre in London, this paper explores professional and parental discourses in relation to gastrostomy tube feeding and disabled children. Detailed accounts are given of women's struggles to negotiate their identities, and those of their children, within dominant discourses of mothering and child-centredness. Constructions of feeding practices as coercive conflict with normative expectations of 'good mothering' and the 'idealised autonomous' child. Although notions of 'stigmatised identities' featured in women's accounts of feeding children, both orally and by tube, stigma fails to explain why mothers are rendered culpable within expert discourses. Prevailing theories of stigma and coping are interrogated and judged to be more descriptive than explanatory. Felt stigma is posited as an aspect of governmentality.

  3. The role of nursing in governmentality, biopower and population health: family health nursing.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Lee

    2008-03-01

    The shift in health care focus towards an emphasis on population health gains via health promotion is now well established. One of the strategies that has been promoted as a means of better addressing the shortcomings in delivering health care that attends more specifically to preventative and promotion activities has been the description and piloting of a new nursing role, the family health nurse. This paper examines the ways in which this new nursing role is enmeshed in practices of governmentality and biopower. The role has the potential to elicit 'health gain' by means of the highly interventive nature of parts of the role. But this very intensity also raises questions about the ways in which coercive power and individual liberties are negotiated.

  4. Governmentality, discourse and space in the New Zealand health care system, 1991-2003.

    PubMed

    Prince, Russell; Kearns, Robin; Craig, David

    2006-09-01

    This paper considers recent health care reform in New Zealand in the context of the continuing evolution of the 'neoliberal project'. It advocates the adoption of a Foucauldian governmentality approach to analysis as a productive way to extricate the changing understandings of space within evolving New Zealand health discourses. We analyse two policy documents released 9 years apart which, when examined together, encapsulate the changing discourses of the health care system in the 1990s. We note that through the 1990s the central governing rationality has shifted from competition towards cooperation in health care delivery. While place was held to be subservient to the market at the beginning of the decade, health care has been increasingly re-territorialised through 'community' and its associated constructions.

  5. The rise of the cosmetic nation: plastic governmentality and hybrid medical practices in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Jarrin, Alvaro E

    2012-01-01

    In this article, I trace the historical and sociopolitical construction of plastic surgery as a basic health need in Brazil. I argue that plastic surgeons deploy "plastic governmentality" in order to portray their work in public settings as humanitarian in nature, while simultaneously using poor patients as experimental subjects to train new surgeons and develop new techniques. This seemingly contradictory positioning is only possible because aesthetic surgeries are relabeled as reconstructive surgeries, producing a pliable form of statecraft that uses statistics and medical discourse to reinforce the support of the state and civil society for the practice. The form of governance I describe elucidates how the state can become instrumentalized in the benefit of private interests under neoliberalism, and how unprofitable public health needs are rendered invisible by the very biopolitical forms of governance that claim to address those needs.

  6. Non-fatal occupational injuries among non-governmental employees in Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Abas, Adinegara Bin Lutfi; Said, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd; Mohammed, Mohammed Azman Bin Aziz; Sathiakumar, Nalini

    2011-01-01

    We analyzed data on non-fatal occupational injuries reported to Malaysia's social security organization from 2002 to 2006. There was a decrease in both the absolute number and the incidence rates of these injuries over time. About 40% of cases occurred in the manufacturing sector followed by the service (17%) and trading (17%) sectors. The agriculture sector reported the highest incidence rate (24.1/1,000), followed by the manufacturing sector subcategories of wood-product manufacturing (22.1/1,000) and non-metallic industries (20.8/1,000). Men age 40 to 59 and persons of Indian ethnicity had a greater tendency to sustain injuries. Government and non-governmental organizations should strive to develop strategies to reduce the occupational injuries targeting vulnerable groups. Enforcement of safety measures will further play an important role to ensure that both employees and employers take special precautions to address workplace hazards.

  7. Non-fatal Occupational Injuries among Non-governmental Employees in Malaysia

    PubMed Central

    ABAS, ADINEGARA BIN LUTFI; SAID, ABDUL RAZZAK BIN MOHD; MOHAMMED, MOHAMMED AZMAN BIN AZIZ; SATHIAKUMAR, NALINI

    2011-01-01

    We analyzed data on non-fatal occupational injuries reported to Malaysia’s social security organization from 2002 to 2006. There was a decrease in both the absolute number and the incidence rates of these injuries over time. About 40% of cases occurred in the manufacturing sector followed by the service (17%) and trading (17%) sectors. The agriculture sector reported the highest incidence rate (24.1/1,000), followed by the manufacturing sector subcategories of wood-product manufacturing (22.1/1,000) and non-metallic industries (20.8/1,000). Men age 40 to 59 and persons of Indian ethnicity had a greater tendency to sustain injuries. Government and non-governmental organizations should strive to develop strategies to reduce the occupational injuries targeting vulnerable groups. Enforcement of safety measures will further play an important role to ensure that both employees and employers take special precautions to address workplace hazards. PMID:21344818

  8. Hospitals face loss of federal tax-exempt status.

    PubMed

    Nauert, R C; Sanborn, A B; MacKelvie, C F; Harvitt, J L

    1988-09-01

    Because of governmental challenges, not-for-profit hospitals can no longer take for granted their right to be tax exempt. The Internal Revenue Service is auditing nearly 1,500 tax-exempt healthcare organizations to determine how accurately they are reporting unrelated business income. At greatest risk are those hospital systems that have become overly acquisitive or have strayed from the charitable mission that originally entitled them to tax exemption. To protect their tax-exempt status, currently exempt healthcare institutions must be careful that any activities, such as joint ventures and affiliate corporations, conform to their charitable mission. In the face of tougher legislation and Federal scrutiny, hospitals must make sure they are devoted to and performing a charitable purpose if they want to keep their tax-exempt status.

  9. Diversity of the var gene family of Indonesian Plasmodium falciparum isolates

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The large polymorphic protein PfEMP1 is encoded by the var gene family. PfEMP1 has been shown to play an important role as cytoadherence ligand on the surface of infected erythrocytes and thereby contributes to the distinct pathogenesis of malaria. The study explored the diversity of the DBL1α and DBL2β-C2 domains of the protein from Indonesian Plasmodium falciparum field isolates. Methods Samples of patients with severe and uncomplicated malaria from two different malaria-endemic areas in Indonesia were collected and DNA directly extracted. Dried blood on filter paper was prepared for RNA extraction. PCR amplicons were either cloned and subsequently sequenced or directly sequenced for analysis on nucleotide and amino acid level. Recently published as well as self-designed primers were used for amplification. Results Blood from eight patients was finally used for analysis. Seventy-one different sequences out of over 500 DBL1α sequenced clones were observed, resulting in an average of 8.9 different DBL1α sequences per isolate. The average DBL1α sequence similarity within isolates was similar to between isolates. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated no clustering of sequences regarding strain or geographical origin. The DBL1α sequences were analysed by distribution of semi-conserved features (cysteine/PoLV1-4 grouping) and classified into six sequence groups. The DBL1α cys2 type was observed in all expressed sequences in vivo. Expression of certain DBL sequences implied potential involvement in the pathogenesis. As expected, the DBL2β-C2 domains showed high to moderate homology among each other. Conclusion The DBL1α domains of PfEMP1 from clinical Indonesian isolates showed high divergence among same isolates and some similarities with other Asia-Pacific strains. Further investigations of important var gene domains with a larger sample size are required to confirm with statistical significance observed associations with severe malaria in Indonesian

  10. Preliminary results of teleseismic double-difference relocation of earthquakes around Indonesian archipelago region

    SciTech Connect

    Nugraha, Andri Dian Widiyantoro, Sri; Shiddiqi, Hasbi Ash; Ramdhan, Mohamad; Wandono,; Sutiyono,; Handayani, Titi; Nugroho, Hendro

    2015-04-24

    Indonesian archipelago region is located in active tectonic setting and high seismicity zone. During the last decade, Indonesian was experienced with destructive major earthquakes causing damage and victims. The information of precise earthquake location parameters are very important in partular for earthquake early warning to the society and for advance seismic studies. In this study, we attempted to improve hypocenter location compiled by BMKG for time periods of April, 2009 up to June, 2014 for about 22,000 earthquake events around Indonesian region. For the firts time, we applied teleseismic double-difference relocation algorithm (teletomoDD) to improve hypocenter region in Indonesia region combining regional and teleseismic stations. Hypocenter relocation was performed utilizing local, regional, and teleseismic P-wave arrival time data. Our relocation result show that travel-time RMS errors were greatly reduced compared to the BMKG catalog. Seismicity at shallower depth (less than 50 km) shows significantly improvement especially in depth, and refined shallow geological structures, e.g. trench and major strike slip faults. Clustered seismicity is also detected beneath volcanic region, and probably related volcano activities and also major faults nearby. In the Sunda arc region, seismicity at shallower depth centered at two major distributions parallel to the trench strike direction, i.e. around fore-arc and in mainland that related to major fault, e.g. the Sumatran fault, and volcanic fronts. Below Central Java region, relocated hypocenter result showed double seismic zone pattern. A seismic gap is detected around the Sunda-Banda transition zone where transition between oceanic subduction to continental crust collision of Australian plate occurs. In Eastern Indonesia region, shallow earthquakes are observed related to major strike slip faults, e.g. Sorong and Palu-Koro fault, volcanism, and shallow part of subduction and collision zones. We also compare our

  11. The Indonesian throughflow during 2004-2006 as observed by the INSTANT program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gordon, A. L.; Sprintall, J.; Van Aken, H. M.; Susanto, D.; Wijffels, S.; Molcard, R.; Ffield, A.; Pranowo, W.; Wirasantosa, S.

    2010-08-01

    The Indonesian seas provide a sea link between the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans. The connection is not simple, not a single gap in a 'wall', but rather composed of the intricate patterns of passages and seas of varied dimensions. The velocity and temperature/salinity profiles Indonesian throughflow (ITF) are altered en route from the Pacific into the Indian Ocean by sea-air buoyancy and momentum fluxes, as well as diapycnal mixing due to topographic boundary effects and dissipation of tidal energy. The INSTANT program measured the ITF in key channels from 2004 to 2006, providing the first simultaneous view of the main ITF pathways. The along-channel speeds vary markedly with passage; the Makassar and Timor flow is relatively steady in comparison to the seasonal and intraseasonal fluctuations observed in Lombok and Ombai Straits. The flow through Lifamatola Passage is strongly bottom intensified, defining the overflow into the deep Indonesian basins to the south. The 3-year mean ITF transport recorded by INSTANT into the Indian Ocean is 15 × 10 6 m 3/s, about 30% greater than the values of non-simultaneous measurements made prior to 2000. The INSTANT 3-year mean inflow transport is nearly 13 × 10 6 m 3/s. The 2 × 10 6 m 3/s difference between INSTANT measured inflow and outflow is attributed to unresolved surface layer transport in Lifamatola Passage and other channels, such as Karimata Strait. Introducing inflow within the upper 200 m to zero the water column net convergence still requires upwelling within the intervening seas, notably the Banda Sea. A layer of minimum upwelling near 600 m separates upwelling within the thermocline from a deep water upwelling pattern driven by the deep overflow in Lifamatola Passage. For a steady state condition upwelling thermocline water is off-set by a 3-year mean sea to air heat flux of 80 W/m 2 (after taking into account the shoaling of thermocline isotherms between the inflow and outflow portals), which agrees with

  12. Persistently strong Indonesian Throughflow during marine isotope stage 3: evidence from radiogenic isotopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stumpf, Roland; Kraft, Steffanie; Frank, Martin; Haley, Brian; Holbourn, Ann; Kuhnt, Wolfgang

    2015-03-01

    The Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) connects the western Pacific Ocean with the eastern Indian Ocean, thus forming one of the major near surface current systems of the global thermohaline circulation. The intensity of the ITF has been found to be sensitive to changes in global ocean circulation, fluctuations in sea level, as well as to the prevailing monsoonal conditions of the Indonesian Archipelago and NW Australia. This study presents the first reconstruction of ITF dynamics combining radiogenic isotope compositions of neodymium (Nd), strontium (Sr), and lead (Pb) of the clay-size detrital fraction to investigate changes in sediment provenance, and paleo seawater Nd signatures extracted from the planktonic foraminifera and authigenic Fe-Mn oxyhydroxide coatings of the marine sediments focussing on marine isotope stage 3 (MIS3). Sediment core MD01-2378 was recovered within the framework of the International Marine Global Change Study (IMAGES) and is located in the area of the ITF outflow in the western Timor Sea (Scott Plateau, 13° 04.95‧ S and 121° 47.27‧ E, 1783 m water depth). In order to produce reliable seawater signatures, several extraction methods were tested against each other. The results of the study show that at this core location the extraction of surface water Nd isotope compositions from planktonic foraminifera is complicated by incomplete removal of contributions from Fe-Mn oxyhydroxides carrying ambient bottom water signatures. The bottom water Nd isotope signatures reliably obtained from the sediment coatings (average ɛNd = -5.0) document an essentially invariable water mass composition similar to today throughout the entire MIS3. The radiogenic Nd, Sr, and Pb isotope records of the clay-sized detrital fraction suggest that the Indonesian Archipelago rather than NW Australia was the main particle source at the location of core MD01-2378, and thus indicating a persistently strong ITF during MIS3. Furthermore, the variations of the detrital

  13. Preliminary results of teleseismic double-difference relocation of earthquakes around Indonesian archipelago region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nugraha, Andri Dian; Shiddiqi, Hasbi Ash; Widiyantoro, Sri; Ramdhan, Mohamad; Wandono, Sutiyono, Handayani, Titi; Nugroho, Hendro

    2015-04-01

    Indonesian archipelago region is located in active tectonic setting and high seismicity zone. During the last decade, Indonesian was experienced with destructive major earthquakes causing damage and victims. The information of precise earthquake location parameters are very important in partular for earthquake early warning to the society and for advance seismic studies. In this study, we attempted to improve hypocenter location compiled by BMKG for time periods of April, 2009 up to June, 2014 for about 22,000 earthquake events around Indonesian region. For the firts time, we applied teleseismic double-difference relocation algorithm (teletomoDD) to improve hypocenter region in Indonesia region combining regional and teleseismic stations. Hypocenter relocation was performed utilizing local, regional, and teleseismic P-wave arrival time data. Our relocation result show that travel-time RMS errors were greatly reduced compared to the BMKG catalog. Seismicity at shallower depth (less than 50 km) shows significantly improvement especially in depth, and refined shallow geological structures, e.g. trench and major strike slip faults. Clustered seismicity is also detected beneath volcanic region, and probably related volcano activities and also major faults nearby. In the Sunda arc region, seismicity at shallower depth centered at two major distributions parallel to the trench strike direction, i.e. around fore-arc and in mainland that related to major fault, e.g. the Sumatran fault, and volcanic fronts. Below Central Java region, relocated hypocenter result showed double seismic zone pattern. A seismic gap is detected around the Sunda-Banda transition zone where transition between oceanic subduction to continental crust collision of Australian plate occurs. In Eastern Indonesia region, shallow earthquakes are observed related to major strike slip faults, e.g. Sorong and Palu-Koro fault, volcanism, and shallow part of subduction and collision zones. We also compare our

  14. Vertical structure of Indonesian throughflow in a large-scale model1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Potemra, James T.; Hautala, Susan L.; Sprintall, Janet

    2003-07-01

    The vertical structure of the exchange of water between the Pacific and Indian Oceans via the Indonesian throughflow and its temporal variability are examined. Since there are no simultaneous, direct observations of transport variations with depth at the inflow straits (Makassar, Maluku, and Halmahera) and outflow straits (Lombok, Ombai, and Timor), numerical model results are used. Analysis of depth-integrated transport through the model straits indicates differences in the vertical structure of the flow between the inflow and outflow straits. Generally speaking, local winds affect flow in a layer above the thermocline, while remote forcing, e.g., ENSO or coastal Kelvin waves, affect flow in a subsurface layer. On the outflow side, transport occurs primarily in two vertical modes. The dominant mode is characterized by a surface intensification that decays to zero around 400 m. The second mode is characterized by flow in the upper 100 m that is of opposite direction to flow from 100 to 400 m. The vertical decomposition of transport through the model's inflow straits varies between the straits. At Makassar, the western-most inflow passage, the dominant mode is similar to the outflow straits, with a surface intensification of southward transport that decays to zero at 800 m. At Halmahera, the eastern-most inflow strait, the dominant mode is two-layer, with surface to 200 m transport in the opposite direction of transport from 200 to 700 m, similar to the second mode at the outflow straits. At Maluku, the center inflow passage, the dominant vertical mode is three-layer. At this strait, there is a layer from about 100 to 800 m within which flow is in the opposite direction to flow in a surface layer above 100 m and in a deeper layer below 800 m. Phase lags on the annual cycle suggest that during April-October, peaking in May, there is a convergence of mass in the upper 100 m of the Indonesian seas. This convergence is balanced by a mass divergence from 100 to 710 m

  15. 75 FR 70168 - Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau Seeks To Refresh the Record on Notices of Proposed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 79 Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau Seeks To Refresh the Record on Notices of... (Bureau), seeks to refresh the record on issues pertaining to closed captioning that were raised in... to disclosure. Synopsis In DA 10-2050, the Bureau seeks to refresh the record on issues pertaining...

  16. Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy, Integration, and the Likelihood of Managerial Retention in Governmental Agencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Shari

    2009-01-01

    Results based on responses from 679 managers in three governmental agencies confirmed that career-related organizational practices and relationships impacted their staying in the organization. Specifically, managers who scored higher in career decision-making self efficacy, a relatively new variable to the turnover literature, career integration,…

  17. A Conceptual Model for Supporting Para-Teacher Learning in an Indian Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raval, Harini; McKenney, Susan; Pieters, Jules

    2010-01-01

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are being recognized globally for their influential role in realizing the UN Millennium Development Goal of education for all in developing countries. NGOs mostly employ untrained para-educators for grassroots activities. The professional development of these teachers is critical for NGO effectiveness, yet…

  18. The Role of International Non-Governmental Organisations in Promoting Adult Education for Social Change: A Research Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, Lutz; Hickling-Hudson, Anne

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the role of International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs) in adult education as one instrument of global civil society to effect social change. Postcolonial theory is utilized to explore the complex relationships between the concepts of "globalisation", "global civil, society", and "adult education for social change". In…

  19. Fragmentation in Australian Commonwealth and South Australian State policy on mental health and older people: A governmentality analysis.

    PubMed

    Oster, Candice; Henderson, Julie; Lawn, Sharon; Reed, Richard; Dawson, Suzanne; Muir-Cochrane, Eimear; Fuller, Jeffrey

    2016-05-04

    Mental health care for older people is a significant and growing issue in Australia and internationally. This article describes how older people's mental health is governed through policy discourse by examining Australian Commonwealth and South Australian State government policy documents, and commentaries from professional groups, advocacy groups and non-governmental organisations. Documents published between 2009 and 2014 were analysed using a governmentality approach, informed by Foucault. Discourses of 'risk', 'ageing as decline/dependence' and 'healthy ageing' were identified. Through these discourses, different neo-liberal governmental strategies are applied to 'target' groups according to varying risk judgements. Three policy approaches were identified where older people are (1) absent from policy, (2) governed as responsible, active citizens or (3) governed as passive recipients of health care. This fragmented policy response to older people's mental health reflects fragmentation in the Australian policy environment. It constructs an ambiguous place for older people within neo-liberal governmental rationality, with significant effects on the health system, older people and their carers.

  20. An Appropriate Education for Handicapped Children of Limited English Proficiency. Special Education in America: Its Legal and Governmental Foundations Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baca, Leonard; Bransford, Jim

    Part of a series on the legal and governmental foundations governing education of handicapped and gifted children, the booklet focuses on bilingual special education. A review of the literature covers studies which have been conducted in a variety of bilingual program settings in the United States and several other countries. Cited among findings…

  1. AIDS Education: Reaching Populations at Higher Risk. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.

    At the request of the United States Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs, the General Accounting Office (GAO) assessed ways in which education might help to prevent Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) among three populations at relatively high risk: intravenous drug users, minority communities, and youth. GAO identified lessons learned…

  2. Interest of Grade Ten Students toward Physics among Other Science Subjects, Case of Wolaita Soddo Town Governmental Secondary Schools, Ethiopia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamelo, Shewangzaw

    2016-01-01

    This paper has proposed to investigate the interest in students towards physics among other science subjects. The investigation was carried out with 490 samples of grade ten students in Wolaita Soddo town governmental schools. Thus, overall result indicates that the interest in students towards physics is low and students hate to learn physics in…

  3. Are We Validating More But Publishing Less? [The Impact of Governmental Regulation on Published Validation Research--An Exploratory Investigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boehm, Virginia R.

    1982-01-01

    Examined criterion-related validity studies published in the Journal of Applied Psychology and Personnel Psychology. The major changes are a decline in the volume of reported validation research, and a de-emphasis of aptitude tests as predictors. Changes are interpreted in terms of increasing governmental intervention in employment selection.…

  4. 77 FR 62236 - National and Governmental Advisory Committees to the U.S. Representative to the Commission for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-12

    ... Advisory Committees to the U.S. Representative to the Commission for Environmental Cooperation AGENCY... Environmental Cooperation (CEC). The National and Governmental Advisory Committees advise the EPA Administrator... Articles 17 and 18 of the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), North...

  5. Fragmentation in Australian Commonwealth and South Australian State policy on mental health and older people: A governmentality analysis

    PubMed Central

    Oster, Candice; Henderson, Julie; Lawn, Sharon; Reed, Richard; Dawson, Suzanne; Muir-Cochrane, Eimear; Fuller, Jeffrey

    2016-01-01

    Mental health care for older people is a significant and growing issue in Australia and internationally. This article describes how older people’s mental health is governed through policy discourse by examining Australian Commonwealth and South Australian State government policy documents, and commentaries from professional groups, advocacy groups and non-governmental organisations. Documents published between 2009 and 2014 were analysed using a governmentality approach, informed by Foucault. Discourses of ‘risk’, ‘ageing as decline/dependence’ and ‘healthy ageing’ were identified. Through these discourses, different neo-liberal governmental strategies are applied to ‘target’ groups according to varying risk judgements. Three policy approaches were identified where older people are (1) absent from policy, (2) governed as responsible, active citizens or (3) governed as passive recipients of health care. This fragmented policy response to older people’s mental health reflects fragmentation in the Australian policy environment. It constructs an ambiguous place for older people within neo-liberal governmental rationality, with significant effects on the health system, older people and their carers. PMID:27147440

  6. The New Zealand Experiment: Assessment-Driven Curriculum--Managing Standards, Competition and Performance to Strengthen Governmentality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neill, Anne-Marie

    2015-01-01

    Following the Tomorrow's Schools administrative restructuring, a second wave of educational change installed globalised discourses as governmentality policies in Aotearoa New Zealand. Drawing on Foucault's "toolkit", this genealogical policy chronology traces the transformation of curriculum and assessment into a specific political…

  7. The role of non-governmental organizations in the prevention and reduction of drug abuse: the Philippine experience.

    PubMed

    Quejas, S Q

    1983-01-01

    A wide range of non-governmental organizations are involved in the prevention and reduction of drug abuse in the Philippines. The numerous activities and substantive achievements of non-governmental organizations in combating the problems of drug abuse are manifestations of their commitment to and involvement in an avowed partnership with the Government to promote care for young people and quality of life in general. The Dangerous Drugs Board, the Government's policy-making and co-ordinating body, has facilitated and encouraged the development of existing approaches and strategies and, in co-operation with non-governmental organizations, has made drug-abuse prevention programmes more viable and relevant. This co-operation strengthened agency relationships, encouraged resource-sharing and generated a more balanced approach towards programme planning and implementation. The various government services, in co-operation with non-governmental organizations, have adopted the models and strategies that are action-oriented activities, primarily intended to promote positive values, attitudes, self-development, creative productivity and skills of young people.

  8. Bacterial mutagenicity of terasi and antimutagenicity of Indonesian jasmine tea against terasi.

    PubMed

    Surono, I S; Hosono, A

    1996-09-01

    Terasi, a traditional fermented product of Indonesia was evaluated by Salmonella mutagenesis assay. The higher the heating temperature and the longer the heating time, the more mutagenicity observed in both terasi and its starter, and the highest mutagenic activity was shown by heating each of them at 100 degrees C for 60 min. Terasi starter has stronger mutagenic properties as compared to terasi. Indonesian jasmine tea, which is a yellow tea, was examined for its antimutagenic properties against mutagenic terasi. Tea component presented in fraction C (water soluble, chloroform and ethyl acetate insoluble fraction) as well as in fraction D (water soluble, chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol insoluble fraction) were found to suppress the mutagenicities exerted by heated terasi and heated terasi starter. Yet, the tea components presented in fraction E (chloroform soluble fraction) were found to enhance the mutagenicity of terasi.

  9. Virtual Screening of Indonesian Herbal Database as HIV-1 Protease Inhibitor

    PubMed Central

    Yanuar, Arry; Suhartanto, Heru; Mun׳im, Abdul; Anugraha, Bram Hik; Syahdi, Rezi Riadhi

    2014-01-01

    HIV-1 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1)׳s infection is considered as one of most harmful disease known by human, the survivability rate of the host reduced significantly when it developed into AIDS. HIV drug resistance is one of the main problems of its treatment and several drug designs have been done to find new leads compound as the cure. In this study, in silico virtual screening approach was used to find lead molecules from the library or database of natural compounds as HIV-1 protease inhibitor. Virtual screening against Indonesian Herbal Database with AutoDock was performed on HIV-1 protease. From the virtual screening, top ten compounds obtained were 8-Hydroxyapigenin 8-(2",4"-disulfatoglucuronide), Isoscutellarein 4'-methyl ether, Amaranthin, Torvanol A, Ursonic acid, 5-Carboxypyranocyanidin 3-O-(6"-O-malonyl-beta-glucopyranoside), Oleoside, Jacoumaric acid, Platanic acid and 5-Carboxypyranocyanidin 3-O-beta-glucopyranoside. PMID:24616554

  10. Climatology and variability of the Indonesian Throughflow in an eddy-permitting oceanic GCM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Hailong; Li, Wei; Zhang, Xuehong

    2005-07-01

    A quasi-global eddy permitting oceanic GCM, LICOM1.0, is run with the forcing of ERA40 daily wind stress from 1958 to 2001. The modelled Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) is reasonable in the aspects of both its water source and major pathways. Compared with the observation, the simulated annual mean and seasonal cycle of the ITF transport are fairly realistic. The interannual variation of the tropical Pacific Ocean plays a more important role in the interannual variability of the ITF transport. The relationship between the ITF and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) also reflects the influence of ENSO. However, the relationship between the ITF transport and the interannual anomalies in the Pacific and Indian Oceans vary with time. During some years, (e.g., 1994), the effect of a strong IOD on the ITF transport is more than that from ENSO.

  11. Virtual screening of Indonesian flavonoid as neuraminidase inhibitor of influenza a subtype H5N1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parikesit, A. A.; Ardiansah, B.; Handayani, D. M.; Tambunan, U. S. F.; Kerami, D.

    2016-02-01

    Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N1 poses a significant threat to animal and human health worldwide. The number of H5N1 infection in Indonesia is the highest during 2005-2013, with a mortality rate up to 83%. A mutation that occurred in H5N1 strain made it resistant to commercial antiviral agents such as oseltamivir and zanamivir, so the more potent antiviral agent is needed. In this study, virtual screening of Indonesian flavonoid as neuraminidase inhibitor of H5N1 was conducted. Total 491 flavonoid compound obtained from HerbalDB were screened. Molecular docking was performed using MOE 2008.10. This research resulted in Guajavin B as the best ligand.

  12. Indonesia against the trend? Ageing and inter-generational wealth flows in two Indonesian communities

    PubMed Central

    Kreager, Philip; Schröder-Butterfill, Elisabeth

    2013-01-01

    Indonesian family systems do not conform to the prevailing image of Asian families, the predominant arrangements being nuclear and bilateral, with an important matrilineal minority. This paper considers the strength of family ties in two communities, focussing particularly on inter-generational flows of support to and from older members. Data are drawn from a longitudinal anthropological demography that combines ethnographic and panel survey methods. Several sources of variation in family ties are detailed, particularly the heterogeneity of support flows – balanced, upward, and downward – that co-exist in both communities. Different norms in each locale give sharply contrasting valuations of these flows. The ability of families to observe norms is influenced by the effectiveness of networks and by socio-economic status. PMID:23750113

  13. The Longitudinal Relations of Regulation and Emotionality to Quality of Indonesian Children’s Socioemotional Functioning

    PubMed Central

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Liew, Jeffrey; Pidada, Sri Untari

    2005-01-01

    Data regarding individual differences in children’s regulation, emotionality, quality of socioemotional functioning, and shyness were obtained from teachers and peers for 112 Indonesian 6th graders. Similar data (plus parents’ reports) also were collected when these children were in 3rd grade. For boys, regulation and low negative emotionality generally predicted positive socioemotional functioning (e.g., social skills, adjustment, prosocial tendencies and peer liking, sympathy) within and across time and across reporters, even at the follow-up when initial levels of regulation or negative emotionality were controlled. For girls, relations were obtained primarily for concurrent teacher reports, probably because girls tended to be fairly well regulated and socially competent and variability in their scores was relatively low. Shyness for both sexes tended to be associated with concurrent measures of low regulation, high negative emotionality, and low quality of social competence. PMID:15355166

  14. Observed strengthening of interbasin exchange via the Indonesian seas due to rainfall intensification

    PubMed Central

    Sprintall, Janet

    2017-01-01

    Abstract A proxy of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) transport, developed using in situ hydrographic measurements along with assimilations, shows a significant strengthening trend during the past decade. This trend is due to a freshening and subsequent increase in the halosteric component of the ITF transport associated with enhanced rainfall over the Maritime Continent over the same period. The strengthening of the ITF transport leads to a significant change in heat and freshwater exchange between the Pacific and Indian Oceans and contributes to the warming and freshening of the eastern Indian Ocean. The combined effect of the ITF transport of mass and freshwater along with tropical rainfall plays a very important role in the climate system.

  15. Land-use choices follow profitability at the expense of ecological functions in Indonesian smallholder landscapes.

    PubMed

    Clough, Yann; Krishna, Vijesh V; Corre, Marife D; Darras, Kevin; Denmead, Lisa H; Meijide, Ana; Moser, Stefan; Musshoff, Oliver; Steinebach, Stefanie; Veldkamp, Edzo; Allen, Kara; Barnes, Andrew D; Breidenbach, Natalie; Brose, Ulrich; Buchori, Damayanti; Daniel, Rolf; Finkeldey, Reiner; Harahap, Idham; Hertel, Dietrich; Holtkamp, A Mareike; Hörandl, Elvira; Irawan, Bambang; Jaya, I Nengah Surati; Jochum, Malte; Klarner, Bernhard; Knohl, Alexander; Kotowska, Martyna M; Krashevska, Valentyna; Kreft, Holger; Kurniawan, Syahrul; Leuschner, Christoph; Maraun, Mark; Melati, Dian Nuraini; Opfermann, Nicole; Pérez-Cruzado, César; Prabowo, Walesa Edho; Rembold, Katja; Rizali, Akhmad; Rubiana, Ratna; Schneider, Dominik; Tjitrosoedirdjo, Sri Sudarmiyati; Tjoa, Aiyen; Tscharntke, Teja; Scheu, Stefan

    2016-10-11

    Smallholder-dominated agricultural mosaic landscapes are highlighted as model production systems that deliver both economic and ecological goods in tropical agricultural landscapes, but trade-offs underlying current land-use dynamics are poorly known. Here, using the most comprehensive quantification of land-use change and associated bundles of ecosystem functions, services and economic benefits to date, we show that Indonesian smallholders predominantly choose farm portfolios with high economic productivity but low ecological value. The more profitable oil palm and rubber monocultures replace forests and agroforests critical for maintaining above- and below-ground ecological functions and the diversity of most taxa. Between the monocultures, the higher economic performance of oil palm over rubber comes with the reliance on fertilizer inputs and with increased nutrient leaching losses. Strategies to achieve an ecological-economic balance and a sustainable management of tropical smallholder landscapes must be prioritized to avoid further environmental degradation.

  16. A Framework for Sentiment Analysis Implementation of Indonesian Language Tweet on Twitter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asniar; Aditya, B. R.

    2017-01-01

    Sentiment analysis is the process of understanding, extracting, and processing the textual data automatically to obtain information. Sentiment analysis can be used to see opinion on an issue and identify a response to something. Millions of digital data are still not used to be able to provide any information that has usefulness, especially for government. Sentiment analysis in government is used to monitor the work programs of the government such as the Government of Bandung City through social media data. The analysis can be used quickly as a tool to see the public response to the work programs, so the next strategic steps can be taken. This paper adopts Support Vector Machine as a supervised algorithm for sentiment analysis. It presents a framework for sentiment analysis implementation of Indonesian language tweet on twitter for Work Programs of Government of Bandung City. The results of this paper can be a reference for decision making in local government.

  17. Tidal mixing signatures in the Indonesian seas from high-resolution sea surface temperature data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ray, Richard D.; Susanto, R. Dwi

    2016-08-01

    The presence of significant tidal mixing in the Indonesian seas is well established from both observations and numerical modeling. One indicator is a clear spring-neap cycle in satellite sea surface temperature (SST) measurements, as first shown by Ffield and Gordon. Their early results are here updated with SST data of considerably higher spatial and temporal resolution. The largest fortnightly signals are found to be localized to relatively small straits, channels, and sills, while the deep basin of the Banda Sea displays little significant signal. A broader region of somewhat enhanced signal surrounds the Seram Sea. The high resolution of the modern SST data is especially critical for mapping the complex fortnightly signals that arise in, and especially south of, the major straits of the Lesser Sunda Island chain.

  18. The Salman Mosque: Achmad Noe’man’s Critique of Indonesian Conventional Mosque Architecture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holik, A. A. R.; Aryanti, T.

    2017-03-01

    The Salman Mosque, designed by Achmad Noe’man, was a striking Islamic architectural design in the 1960s when it was built. Unlike the conventional mosques, particularly in Indonesia, it has no dome. Instead, the roof was made of prestressed concrete and resembles a canoe. Using data drawn from field observations, this paper explores the architectural characteristics of the Salman Mosque as a product of Modern architecture. It argues that the domeless mosque, the simple minaret, the wooden wall panels and floor, the women’s balcony, and the roof demonstrate architectural modernism, as opposed to the conventional mosque typology that flourished in Indonesia at the time. This paper further argues that the Salman Mosque is Noe’man’s critique of the Indonesian conventional mosque architecture. It concludes that the architectural features of the Salman Mosque reflects Noe’man’s modern vision of Islam and Islamic architecture.

  19. Parent-adolescent relationships, religiosity, and the social adjustment of Indonesian Muslim adolescents.

    PubMed

    French, Doran C; Eisenberg, Nancy; Sallquist, Julie; Purwono, Urip; Lu, Ting; Christ, Sharon

    2013-06-01

    Parent-adolescent relationships invariably occur within a complex cultural context that in some populations include strong religious influences. Using data from multiple sources that were analyzed using structural equation modeling, we found that parental warmth and parental religiosity predicted adolescent religiosity in a sample of 296 Indonesian 15-year-old adolescents. The significant interaction of parental warmth and parent religiosity indicated that parental warmth moderated the relation between parent religiosity and adolescent religiosity. We expanded this model to predict externalizing and prosocial behavior where direct paths from adolescent religiosity to outcomes were significant for prosocial but not antisocial behavior; parental warmth, parent religiosity, and their interaction did not predict either outcome. Adolescent religiosity was found to be a mediator of these relations between predictor and outcomes for prosocial but not antisocial behavior. These results suggest that, in Indonesia and perhaps other highly religious cultures, parent-adolescent relationships and social competence may be interconnected with religion.

  20. Religious involvement and the social competence and adjustment of Indonesian Muslim adolescents.

    PubMed

    French, Doran C; Eisenberg, Nancy; Vaughan, Julie; Purwono, Urip; Suryanti, Telie A

    2008-03-01

    This study assessed the relation between religious involvement and multiple indices of competence in 183 eighth- and ninth-grade Indonesian Muslim adolescents (M = 13.3 years). The authors assessed spirituality and religiosity using both parent and adolescent reports, and social competence and adjustment using multiple measures and data sources. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed that parent and adolescent reports of religiosity and spirituality yielded a single religious involvement latent variable that was related to peer group status, academic achievement, emotional regulation, prosocial behavior, antisocial/problem behavior, internalizing behavior, and self-esteem. The consistency of relations between religious involvement and competence may be in part attributable to the collectivist context of religion in West Java, Indonesia, within which people exhibit strong beliefs in Islam and religion permeates daily life.

  1. Trajectories of Indonesian adolescents' religiosity, problem behavior, and friends' religiosity: covariation and sequences.

    PubMed

    French, Doran C; Christ, Sharon; Lu, Ting; Purwono, Urip

    2014-01-01

    Changes in religiosity, problem behavior, and their friends' religiosity over a 2-year period were assessed in a sample of five hundred and fifty-nine 15-year-old Indonesian Muslim adolescents. Adolescents self-reported their religiosity, problem behavior, and friendships; the religiosity of mutual friends came from friends' self-reports. A parallel process analysis of growth curves showed that adolescents' religiosity trajectories covaried with both problem behavior and friends' religiosity. Using a cross-lagged model in which prior levels were controlled, religiosity at 10th and 11th grades predicted friends' religiosity 1 year later, suggesting that adolescents select friends of similar religiosity. This study provides evidence that religion is intertwined with other aspects of adolescent development and illustrates the importance of contextualizing adolescent religiosity within an ecological framework.

  2. Study of catalytic upgrading of biomass tars using Indonesian iron ore

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wicakso, Doni Rahmat; Sutijan, Rochmadi, Budiman, Arief

    2017-03-01

    Catalytic decomposition is a promising way for chemical upgrading process of low quality oil such as biomass tars. In this experiment, catalytic decomposition of biomass tars was performed over Indonesian low grade iron ore catalyst. This process is carried out in a fixed bedreactor which is equipped with preheater to convert the tars into vapor form. The reaction was studied at the temperature range of 500 - 700°C. The kinetic study of catalytic decomposition of biomass tars is represented using first order reaction. The results show that value of constant of chemical reaction is in range 0.2514 - 0.9642 cm3.gr-1.min-1 with value of the frequency factor (A) and the activation energy (E) are 48.98 min-1 and 5724.94 cal.mol-1, respectively.

  3. Plant essential oils potency as natural antibiotic in Indonesian medicinal herb of “jamu”

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soetjipto, H.; Martono, Y.

    2017-02-01

    The main purposes of this study are to compile antibacterial activity data of essential oils from Indonesian’s plants in order which can be used as a natural antibiotic in “jamu” to increase potential Indonesian medicinal herb. By using Agar Diffusing method, Bioautography and Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrum, respectively, antibacterial activity and chemical compounds of 12 plants essential oils were studied in the Natural Product Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Satya Wacana Christian University, Salatiga since 2007 until 2015. The results of this studies showed that all of the essential oils have a medium to a strong antibacterial activity which are in the range of 30 – 2,500 μg and 80-5,000 μg. Further on, the essential oils analyzed by GCMS showed that each essential oils have different dominant compounds. These data can be used as basic doses in the usage of essential oils as natural antibiotics.

  4. Local aerosol concentrations and optical characteristics influenced by the Indonesian forest fire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ru, Jianfei; Minomura, Mitsuo; Kuze, Hiroaki; Takeuchi, Nobuo

    1998-08-01

    Indonesian forest fire took place on Kalimantan and Sumatera islands in 1997 and continuously influenced the atmospheric conditions of South-East Asia nearly throughout the last half of that year. The color composed images of visible, near IR and IR channels from NOAA AVHRR daily data, arbitrarily assigned to red, green and blue respectively, were synthesized for distinguishing the smoke area. The data of three periods, the beginning, mid, and ending parts of the fire, were collected and analyzed in order to show the variation of atmosphere with the development of fire. A retrieval algorithm was established by use of Mie theory calculation and the radiative transfer codes. Local aerosol concentrations and properties over ocean parts between the two islands were derived. It is found that the aerosol optical thickness increased in accordance with the exacerbation of the fires. The changes of angstrom exponents show that smaller particle amounts were raised by the effects of burning.

  5. Observed strengthening of interbasin exchange via the Indonesian seas due to rainfall intensification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Shijian; Sprintall, Janet

    2017-02-01

    A proxy of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) transport, developed using in situ hydrographic measurements along with assimilations, shows a significant strengthening trend during the past decade. This trend is due to a freshening and subsequent increase in the halosteric component of the ITF transport associated with enhanced rainfall over the Maritime Continent over the same period. The strengthening of the ITF transport leads to a significant change in heat and freshwater exchange between the Pacific and Indian Oceans and contributes to the warming and freshening of the eastern Indian Ocean. The combined effect of the ITF transport of mass and freshwater along with tropical rainfall plays a very important role in the climate system.

  6. Estimates of tidal mixing in the Indonesian archipelago from multidisciplinary INDOMIX in-situ data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koch-Larrouy, Ariane; Atmadipoera, Agus; van Beek, Pieter; Madec, Gurvan; Aucan, Jérôme; Lyard, Florent; Grelet, Jacques; Souhaut, Marc

    2015-12-01

    The Indonesian Mixing program (INDOMIX) was designed to quantify the very strong mixing that transforms Pacific waters into isohaline Indonesian Waters in the Indonesian archipelago. The turbulent dissipation rates and associated mixing were estimated and analyzed using a multidisciplinary approach that combines physical and geochemical in-situ observations: (1) direct measurements of the dissipation using a microstructure profiler, (2) use of density-based fine-scale methods applied to CTD and XCTD data, and (3) study of the vertical distribution of natural radionuclides (radium isotopes and actinium-227). Data were collected at five contrasting stations within the Indonesian archipelago, found above energetic straits or in relatively quiescent large basins. Strong instabilities, inversions of the density profiles and a very strong water mass transformation were observed. A wide range of dissipation values were obtained (between [10-10, 10-4] W kg-1) with spots of higher dissipation in the ocean interior correlated with a strong internal tide signal. Both the fine-scale and micro-scale methods allow us to identify very strong energy dissipation levels above the straits, ranging between [10-7, 10-4] W kg-1, in contrast to lower values at stations further away from the generation sites. The dissipation for the station located in the center of the Halmahera Sea ([10-9, 10-8] W kg-1) is stronger than for the Banda station ([10-11, 10-10] W kg-1), which is even further away from the generation sites. The three approaches agree relatively well and provide vertical eddy diffusivities values ranging between 5×10-4 and 5×10-1 m2 s-1, except in the Banda Sea where values are similar to the ones found in the open ocean (10-6 m2 s-1). CTD and XCTD profilers (deployed between stations) give estimates of dissipation all along the transit. It is found that enhanced mixing occurs preferentially above rough topography, such as in the Ombai Strait, the Halmahera Sea's northern

  7. Land-use choices follow profitability at the expense of ecological functions in Indonesian smallholder landscapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clough, Yann; Krishna, Vijesh V.; Corre, Marife D.; Darras, Kevin; Denmead, Lisa H.; Meijide, Ana; Moser, Stefan; Musshoff, Oliver; Steinebach, Stefanie; Veldkamp, Edzo; Allen, Kara; Barnes, Andrew D.; Breidenbach, Natalie; Brose, Ulrich; Buchori, Damayanti; Daniel, Rolf; Finkeldey, Reiner; Harahap, Idham; Hertel, Dietrich; Holtkamp, A. Mareike; Hörandl, Elvira; Irawan, Bambang; Jaya, I. Nengah Surati; Jochum, Malte; Klarner, Bernhard; Knohl, Alexander; Kotowska, Martyna M.; Krashevska, Valentyna; Kreft, Holger; Kurniawan, Syahrul; Leuschner, Christoph; Maraun, Mark; Melati, Dian Nuraini; Opfermann, Nicole; Pérez-Cruzado, César; Prabowo, Walesa Edho; Rembold, Katja; Rizali, Akhmad; Rubiana, Ratna; Schneider, Dominik; Tjitrosoedirdjo, Sri Sudarmiyati; Tjoa, Aiyen; Tscharntke, Teja; Scheu, Stefan

    2016-10-01

    Smallholder-dominated agricultural mosaic landscapes are highlighted as model production systems that deliver both economic and ecological goods in tropical agricultural landscapes, but trade-offs underlying current land-use dynamics are poorly known. Here, using the most comprehensive quantification of land-use change and associated bundles of ecosystem functions, services and economic benefits to date, we show that Indonesian smallholders predominantly choose farm portfolios with high economic productivity but low ecological value. The more profitable oil palm and rubber monocultures replace forests and agroforests critical for maintaining above- and below-ground ecological functions and the diversity of most taxa. Between the monocultures, the higher economic performance of oil palm over rubber comes with the reliance on fertilizer inputs and with increased nutrient leaching losses. Strategies to achieve an ecological-economic balance and a sustainable management of tropical smallholder landscapes must be prioritized to avoid further environmental degradation.

  8. Prevalence of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae in an urban Indonesian cat population.

    PubMed

    Marston, E L; Finkel, B; Regnery, R L; Winoto, I L; Graham, R R; Wignal, S; Simanjuntak, G; Olson, J G

    1999-01-01

    We studied evidence of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae infection in 54 cats living in Jakarta, Indonesia. By using an indirect immunofluorescence assay, we found immunoglobulin G antibody to B. henselae in 40 of 74 cats (54%). The blood of 14 feral cats was cultured on rabbit blood agar plates for 28 days. Bartonella-like colonies were identified as B. henselae or B. clarridgeiae by using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing of the PCR amplicons. Of the cats sampled in the study, 6 of 14 (43%; all feral) were culture positive for B. henselae; 3 of 14 (21%; 2 feral and 1 pet) culture positive for B. clarridgeiae. This is the first report that documents B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae infections in Indonesian cats.

  9. Land-use choices follow profitability at the expense of ecological functions in Indonesian smallholder landscapes

    PubMed Central

    Clough, Yann; Krishna, Vijesh V.; Corre, Marife D.; Darras, Kevin; Denmead, Lisa H.; Meijide, Ana; Moser, Stefan; Musshoff, Oliver; Steinebach, Stefanie; Veldkamp, Edzo; Allen, Kara; Barnes, Andrew D.; Breidenbach, Natalie; Brose, Ulrich; Buchori, Damayanti; Daniel, Rolf; Finkeldey, Reiner; Harahap, Idham; Hertel, Dietrich; Holtkamp, A. Mareike; Hörandl, Elvira; Irawan, Bambang; Jaya, I. Nengah Surati; Jochum, Malte; Klarner, Bernhard; Knohl, Alexander; Kotowska, Martyna M.; Krashevska, Valentyna; Kreft, Holger; Kurniawan, Syahrul; Leuschner, Christoph; Maraun, Mark; Melati, Dian Nuraini; Opfermann, Nicole; Pérez-Cruzado, César; Prabowo, Walesa Edho; Rembold, Katja; Rizali, Akhmad; Rubiana, Ratna; Schneider, Dominik; Tjitrosoedirdjo, Sri Sudarmiyati; Tjoa, Aiyen; Tscharntke, Teja; Scheu, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    Smallholder-dominated agricultural mosaic landscapes are highlighted as model production systems that deliver both economic and ecological goods in tropical agricultural landscapes, but trade-offs underlying current land-use dynamics are poorly known. Here, using the most comprehensive quantification of land-use change and associated bundles of ecosystem functions, services and economic benefits to date, we show that Indonesian smallholders predominantly choose farm portfolios with high economic productivity but low ecological value. The more profitable oil palm and rubber monocultures replace forests and agroforests critical for maintaining above- and below-ground ecological functions and the diversity of most taxa. Between the monocultures, the higher economic performance of oil palm over rubber comes with the reliance on fertilizer inputs and with increased nutrient leaching losses. Strategies to achieve an ecological-economic balance and a sustainable management of tropical smallholder landscapes must be prioritized to avoid further environmental degradation. PMID:27725673

  10. RNA secondary structures in the proximal 3'UTR of Indonesian Dengue 1 virus strains.

    PubMed

    Koraka, Penelope; Williams, Marisol M; Djamiatun, Kis; Setiati, Tatty E; van Batenburg, F H D; Stittelaar, Koert J; Osterhaus, Albert D M E; Martina, Byron E E

    2009-06-01

    The characteristics of DENV-1 viruses, isolated during the 2001-2002 outbreak in Indonesia were studied. The secondary structure of the 3'UTR of different DENV-1 strains derived from Indonesian patients was compared with the 3'UTR of previously described DENV-1 sequences. The complete 3'UTR of DENV-1 was sequenced from 13 patients suffering from the severe form of dengue virus infection (dengue hemorrhagic fever). Prediction of RNA secondary structure of the 3'UTR revealed some previously unidentified conserved structures in the proximal region of the 3'UTR, the role of which in viral replication is still unknown. In addition our data suggest that some structural elements previously described in the distal part of the 3'UTR are partly dependent on the proximal part of the UTR. Our data support the existence of previously unidentified conserved secondary structures in the proximal part of the 3'UTR and their roles need to be further investigated.

  11. Comprehensive laboratory measurements of biomass-burning emissions: 1. Emissions from Indonesian, African, and other fuels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Christian, T. J.; Kleiss, B.; Yokelson, R. J.; Holzinger, R.; Crutzen, P. J.; Hao, W. M.; Saharjo, B. H.; Ward, D. E.

    2003-12-01

    Trace gas and particle emissions were measured from 47 laboratory fires burning 16 regionally to globally significant fuel types. Instrumentation included the following: open-path Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry; filter sampling with subsequent analysis of particles with diameter <2.5 μm for organic and elemental carbon and other elements; and canister sampling with subsequent analysis by gas chromatography (GC)/flame ionization detector, GC/electron capture detector, and GC/mass spectrometry. The emissions of 26 compounds are reported by fuel type. The results include the first detailed measurements of the emissions from Indonesian fuels. Carbon dioxide, CO, CH4, NH3, HCN, methanol, and acetic acid were the seven most abundant emissions (in order) from burning Indonesian peat. Acetol (hydroxyacetone) was a major, previously unobserved emission from burning rice straw (21-34 g/kg). The emission factors for our simulated African fires are consistent with field data for African fires for compounds measured in both the laboratory and the field. However, the higher concentrations and more extensive instrumentation in this work allowed quantification of at least 10 species not previously quantified for African field fires (in order of abundance): acetaldehyde, phenol, acetol, glycolaldehyde, methylvinylether, furan, acetone, acetonitrile, propenenitrile, and propanenitrile. Most of these new compounds are oxygenated organic compounds, which further reinforces the importance of these reactive compounds as initial emissions from global biomass burning. A few high-combustion-efficiency fires emitted very high levels of elemental (black) carbon, suggesting that biomass burning may produce more elemental carbon than previously estimated.

  12. Maternal agency influences the prevalence of diarrhea and acute respiratory tract infections among young Indonesian children.

    PubMed

    Agustina, Rina; Shankar, Anita V; Ayuningtyas, Azalea; Achadi, Endang L; Shankar, Anuraj H

    2015-05-01

    To examine the relationship between measures of mother's caretaking, practice and individual agency on acute diarrhea and respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) of Indonesian children. Using population-based household data from the Indonesian Demographic Health Surveys for 2002-2003 (n = 9,151 children) and 2007 (n = 9,714 children), we selected 28 indicators related to mother' caretaking, and applied principal component analysis to derive indices for access to care, practice and experience, and agency. The association between index quartiles (level 1-4) and the prevalence of diarrhea and ARTIs in the youngest child <5 years of age was assessed with multivariate logistic regression adjusting for socioeconomic status, residence type, mother's age and education, family size, child's age and sex, immunization status and received vitamin A supplementation. Moderate levels (level 3) of practice and experience were associated with decreased diarrheal risk (adjusted OR 0.86, 95 % CI 0.75-0.98), but not for ARTIs. Children of mothers with higher levels (level 4) of agency were protected against both diarrhea (adjusted OR 0.68, 95 % CI 0.60-0.77) and ARTIs (adjusted OR 0.77, 95 % CI 0.66-0.91). Stratified analyses with child's age and mother's education, and tests of interaction, showed that agency had a stronger effect on diarrhea and ARTIs prevalence in children <2 years of age. Maternal caretaking, especially agency, is strongly associated with lower prevalence of diarrhea and ARTIs in younger children. Interventions specifically designed to promote maternal autonomy and decision-making may lead to improved child health.

  13. Lyzenga multispectral bathymetry formula for Indonesian shallow coral reef: evaluation and proposed generalized coefficient

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manessa, Masita Dwi Mandini; Kanno, Ariyo; Sekine, Masahiko; Haidar, Muhammad; Nurdin, Nurjannah

    2016-10-01

    Until now, Indonesia only had a single large-scale bathymetry map (1:250.000) for the entire nation and detailed maps (1:50.000 or 1:25.000) of a few locations. A straightforward and cost-efficient bathymetry mapping of the Indonesian coral reef is urgently needed. To address this problem, we present a generalized multispectral bathymetry estimation formula that requires few field measurement data to adjust coefficients. The simulation dataset corresponding to the Indonesian coral reef and Worldview-2 Imagery spectral response was built to extract the coefficient. Then, the formula was validated using real Worldview- 2 images from three shallow coral reef sites: the Gili Mantra islands, Menjangan Island, and Gondol Beach in Indonesia. During the evaluation of the dataset simulation, the formulated equation was tested; it achieved an adjusted R2 of 0.93 and an RMSR (Root Mean Square Residual) of 0.9 m. Such results show the good quality of our generalized bathymetry formula. Moreover, we tested the described formula using the imagery. The Gili islands shows that the best estimations of the depth corresponded to 0.62 and 1.5 m for R2 and RMSR, respectively. In the shallow areas, the depth estimation was accurate, but the error gradually increased with depth. The depth estimation for the Menjangan and Gondol sites failed (R2 <= 0.1), mostly because of a high image noise. In conclusion, the formula was able to estimate the depth accurately in a shallow water area using the least noisy image, but its error increased with depth.

  14. Prevalence of factors related to active reproductive health behavior: a cross-sectional study Indonesian adolescent

    PubMed Central

    Kimura, Rumiko; Tsuda, Akiko; Tabuchi, Noriko

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES Complex and diverse factors are related to reproductive health (RH) behavior among adolescents according to the social and cultural context of each countries. This study examined the prevalence of active RH and factors related to active RH behavior among Indonesian adolescents. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,040 of students who were selected through a multi-stage random sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was developed, including the World Health Organization Illustrative Questionnaire for Interview-Surveys with Young People, pubertal development scale, and sexual activity scale, modified in accordance to the Indonesian context. The data were analyzed using descriptive and comparative statistics, as well as logistic regression analyses. RESULTS The prevalence of active RH behavior were more higher in boys (56.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 50.6% to 62.6%) than in girls (43.7%; 95% CI, 37.6% to 49.8%). Negative attitudes towards RH were a factor related to active RH behavior in both boys and girls. Smoking and kind relationship envisioned before marriage (pacaran [courtship] and nikah siri [non-registered marriage]) were factors related to active RH behavior in boys; whereas the absence of access to information on substance abuse was an additional factor in girls. Moreover, an interaction was found between access to information on development and smoking (boys) and attitudes on RH (girls) as independent variables associated with active RH behavior. CONCLUSIONS Sex education for adolescents in Indonesia, particularly in the context of a health promotion program, should be developed based on prevalent social, cultural, and religious values to prevent active RH behavior. Such programs should focus on the kind of relationship envisioned before marriage and smoking for boys and access to information on subtance abuse for girls. PMID:27866406

  15. Annual variations of carbonaceous PM2.5 in Malaysia: influence by Indonesian peatland fires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujii, Y.; Tohno, S.; Amil, N.; Latif, M. T.; Oda, M.; Matsumoto, J.; Mizohata, A.

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we quantified carbonaceous PM2.5 in Malaysia through annual observations of PM2.5, focusing on organic compounds derived from biomass burning. We determined organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon and concentrations of solvent-extractable organic compounds (biomarkers derived from biomass burning sources and n-alkanes). We observed seasonal variations in the concentrations of pyrolyzed OC (OP), levoglucosan (LG), mannosan (MN), galactosan, syringaldehyde, vanillic acid (VA) and cholesterol. The average concentrations of OP, LG, MN, galactosan, VA and cholesterol were higher during the southwestern monsoon season (June-September) than during the northeastern monsoon season (December-March), and these differences were statistically significant. Conversely, the syringaldehyde concentration during the southwestern monsoon season was lower. The PM2.5 OP / OC4 mass ratio allowed distinguishing the seven samples, which have been affected by the Indonesian peatland fires (IPFs). In addition, we observed significant differences in the concentrations between the Indonesian peatland fire (IPF) and other samples of many chemical species. Thus, the chemical characteristics of PM2.5 in Malaysia appeared to be significantly influenced by IPFs during the southwestern monsoon season. Furthermore, we evaluated two indicators, the vanillic acid / syringic acid (VA / SA) and LG / MN mass ratios, which have been suggested as indicators of IPFs. The LG / MN mass ratio ranged from 14 to 22 in the IPF samples and from 11 to 31 in the other samples. Thus, the respective variation ranges partially overlapped. Consequently, this ratio did not satisfactorily reflect the effects of IPFs in Malaysia. In contrast, the VA / SA mass ratio may serve as a good indicator, since it significantly differed between the IPF and other samples. However, the OP / OC4 mass ratio provided more remarkable differences than the VA / SA mass ratio, offering an even better indicator. Finally, we

  16. Abrupt increase in east Indonesian rainfall from flooding of the Sunda Shelf ˜9500 years ago

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Griffiths, Michael L.; Drysdale, Russell N.; Gagan, Michael K.; Zhao, Jian-xin; Hellstrom, John C.; Ayliffe, Linda K.; Hantoro, Wahyoe S.

    2013-08-01

    We present a precisely dated, multi-proxy stalagmite record from Liang Luar Cave, Flores (southeast Indonesia) that reveals a rapid increase in Indonesian monsoon rainfall at ˜9.5 ka. A "ramp-fitting" method for detecting statistically significant inflections in a time-series was applied to the stalagmite δ18O, Mg/Ca, and Sr/Ca profiles to quantify the precise timing and magnitude of an abrupt increase in monsoon strength over a period of ˜350 years. Previously published lake-level records from the monsoon-affected Australian interior show a sudden intensification of the Australian monsoon at ˜14 ka. However, our records indicate that monsoon intensification in Flores occured ˜4-5 kyr later. The timing of the monsoon shift in Flores is synchronous with the rapid expansion of rainforest in northeast Australia and regional freshening of the southern Makassar Strait which, under present-day conditions, is sensitive to monsoon variability. The freshening of southern Makassar was coeval with an abrupt ˜1.5 °C cooling in the upper thermocline of the Timor Sea ˜9.5 ka, indicative of reduced surface heat transport by the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) when the Java Sea opened during postglacial sea-level rise. This suggests that the abrupt increase in monsoon rainfall on Flores was not due to a change in the ITF - because a decrease in rainfall would be expected to accompany cooler local sea surface temperatures (SSTs) - but rather by the sudden increase in ocean surface area and/or temperature in the monsoon source region as the Sunda Shelf flooded during deglaciation. We propose that it was the abrupt intensification of the monsoon through the late deglaciation that maintained the subsequent structure of the ITF following the flooding of the Sunda Shelf at ˜9.5 ka.

  17. The connection of the Indonesian Throughflow, South Indian Ocean Countercurrent and the Leeuwin Current

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambert, Erwin; Le Bars, Dewi; de Ruijter, Wilhelmus P. M.

    2016-06-01

    East of Madagascar, the shallow "South Indian Ocean Counter Current (SICC)" flows from west to east across the Indian Ocean against the direction of the wind-driven circulation. The SICC impinges on west Australia and enhances the sea level slope, strengthening the alongshore coastal jet: the Leeuwin Current (LC), which flows poleward along Australia. An observed transport maximum of the LC around 22° S can likely be attributed to this impingement of the SICC. The LC is often described as a regional coastal current that is forced by an offshore meridional density gradient or sea surface slope. However, little is known about the controls of these open-ocean gradients. The regional circulation system is embedded in the subtropical "super gyre" that connects the Indo-Pacific via the Tasman Gateway and the Indonesian passages. The Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) circulates through the Indian Ocean back into the Pacific south of Australia. This return pathway appears to be partly trapped in the upper layer north of an outcrop line. It is redirected along this outcrop line and joins the eastward flow of the SICC. To study the connection of the basin-scale and the inter-ocean-scale dynamics, we apply both an ocean general circulation model and a conceptual two-layer model. Shutdown of the ITF in the models leads to a large decrease in Leeuwin Current transport. Most of the SICC was found to then reconnect to the internal gyre circulation in the Indian Ocean. ITF, SICC and LC thus appear to be dynamically connected.

  18. Concentrations and isotopic compositions of neodymium in the eastern Indian Ocean and Indonesian straits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeandel, Catherine; Thouron, Danièle; Fieux, Michèle

    1998-08-01

    Four profiles of Nd concentration and isotopic composition were determined at two stations in the eastern Indian Ocean along a north/south section between Bali and Port-Hedland and at two others in the Timor and Sumba straits. Neodymium concentrations increase with depth, between 7.2 pmol/L at the surface to 41.7 pmol/L close to the bottom. The ɛ Nd of the different water masses along the section are -7.2 ± 0.2 for the Indian Bottom Waters and -6.1 ± 0.2 for the Indian Deep Waters. The intermediate and thermocline waters are less radiogenic at st-10 than at st-20 (-5.3 ± 0.3 and -3.6 ± 0.2, respectively). In the Timor Passage and Sumba Strait, ɛ Nd of the Indonesian waters is -4.1 ± 0.2 and that of the North Indian Intermediate Waters is -2.6 ± 0.3. These distinct isotopic signals constrain the origins of the different water masses sampled in the eastern Indian Ocean. They fix the limit of the nonradiogenic Antarctic and Indian contributions to the southern part of the section whereas the northern part is influenced by radiogenic Indonesian flows. In addition, the neodymium isotopic composition suggests that in the north, deep waters are influenced by a radiogenic component originating from the Sunda Arch Slope flowing deeper than 1200 m, which was not documented previously. Mixing calculations assess the conservativity of ɛ Nd on the scale of an oceanic basin. The origin of the surprising radiogenic signal of the NIIW is discussed and could result from a remobilization of Nd sediment-hosted on the Java shelf, requiring important dissolved/particulate exchange processes. Such processes, occurring in specific areas, could play an important role in the world ocean Nd budget.

  19. The role of the Indonesian Throughflow in equatorial Pacific thermocline ventilation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodgers, Keith B.; Cane, Mark A.; Naik, Naomi H.; Schrag, Daniel P.

    1999-09-01

    The role of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) in the thermocline circulation of the low-latitude Pacific Ocean is explored using a high-resolution primitive equation ocean circulation model. Seasonally forced runs for a domain with an open Indonesian passage are compared with seasonally forced runs for a closed Pacific domain. Three cases are considered: one with no throughflow, one with 10 Sv of imposed ITF transport, and one with 20 Sv of ITF transport. Two idealized tracers, one that tags northern component subtropical water and another that tags southern component subtropical water, are used to diagnose the mixing ratio of northern and southern component waters in the equatorial thermocline. It is found that the mixing ratio of north/south component waters in the equatorial thermocline is highly sensitive to whether the model accounts for an ITF. Without an ITF, the source of equatorial undercurrent water is primarily of North Pacific origin, with the ratio of northern to southern component water being approximately 2.75 to 1. The ratio of northern to southern component water in the Equatorial Undercurrent with 10 Sv of ITF is approximately 1.4 to 1, and the ratio with 20 Sv of imposed ITF is 1 to 1.25. Estimates from data suggest a mean mixing ratio of northern to southern component water of less than 1 to 1. Assuming that the mixing ratio changes approximately linearly as the ITF transport varies between 10 and 20 Sv, an approximate balance between northern and southern component water is reached when the ITF transport is approximately 16 Sv. It is also shown that for the isopycnal surfaces within the core of the equatorial undercurrent, a 2°C temperature front exists across the equator in the western equatorial Pacific, beneath the warm pool. The implications of the model results and the temperature data for the heat budget of the equatorial Pacific are considered.

  20. Finescale parameterization of turbulent mixing and internal tides in the Indonesian Throughflow from INDOMIX experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouruet-Aubertot, P.; Cuypers, Y.; Ferron, B.; Dausse, D.; Menage, O.; Atmadipoera, A.; Jaya, I.

    2012-12-01

    The Indonesian Throughflow is the only passage at low latitude between the Pacific and the Indian oceans. As such it constitutes a key region of the thermohaline circulation where water mass properties are strongly modified as a result of a strong turbulent mixing. As the Indonesian seas are one region of the strongest internal tide generation these waves are expected to play a major role in driving this mixing. The INDOMIX cruise aimed to characterize small-scale turbulence and its relationship with the larger scale internal tide signal. To this aim measurements were focused on one of the most energetic sections for internal tides through Halmahera sea and Ombai strait. For comparison an additional station was performed in Banda Sea in the deep ocean far from boundaries. Classical fine-scale measurements have been performed together with microstructure measurements with repeated profiles over 24 hours. A strong internal tide signal was evidenced with currents up to 50 cm/s and solitary waves leading to isopycnal displacements of the order of 50m in Halmahera sea and Ombai strait whereas the internal tidal signal is weaker and focused in the surface layer in Banda Sea. Consistently high values of energy fluxes up to 80kW/m were obtained with various propagation directions. The latter reveals the complex pattern of internal tide generation occurring both along the shelf edge and within passages. Spots of high energy dissipation were characterized within and below the pycnocline where the strongest internal tide signal is observed as well as above the bottom topography. Eventually a set of fine-scale parameterizations was tested against our turbulence measurements and a refined parameterization proposed that depends on turbulence intensity.;

  1. Optimizing Ship-to-Shore Movement for Hospital Ship Humanitarian Assistance Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    Programming – The Global Search.” (2007). ———. Xpress -MP Release 2007 www.dashoptimization.com (accessed March 21, 2008). Department of the Navy...of personnel between T-AH and watercraft. The T-AH HAT model is implemented in Xpress -MP, with a supporting MS- Access database. Our optimized...Governmental Organization (NGO) partners. It has been noted hospital ships may be viewed as offensive participants in the so-called Global War on

  2. The Effects of Governmental Protected Areas and Social Initiatives for Land Protection on the Conservation of Mexican Amphibians

    PubMed Central

    Ochoa-Ochoa, Leticia; Urbina-Cardona, J. Nicolás; Vázquez, Luis-Bernardo; Flores-Villela, Oscar; Bezaury-Creel, Juan

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally, biodiversity conservation gap analyses have been focused on governmental protected areas (PAs). However, an increasing number of social initiatives in conservation (SICs) are promoting a new perspective for analysis. SICs include all of the efforts that society implements to conserve biodiversity, such as land protection, from private reserves to community zoning plans some of which have generated community-protected areas. This is the first attempt to analyze the status of conservation in Latin America when some of these social initiatives are included. The analyses were focused on amphibians because they are one of the most threatened groups worldwide. Mexico is not an exception, where more than 60% of its amphibians are endemic. We used a niche model approach to map the potential and real geographical distribution (extracting the transformed areas) of the endemic amphibians. Based on remnant distribution, all the species have suffered some degree of loss, but 36 species have lost more than 50% of their potential distribution. For 50 micro-endemic species we could not model their potential distribution range due to the small number of records per species, therefore the analyses were performed using these records directly. We then evaluated the efficiency of the existing set of governmental protected areas and established the contribution of social initiatives (private and community) for land protection for amphibian conservation. We found that most of the species have some proportion of their potential ecological niche distribution protected, but 20% are not protected at all within governmental PAs. 73% of endemic and 26% of micro-endemic amphibians are represented within SICs. However, 30 micro-endemic species are not represented within either governmental PAs or SICs. This study shows how the role of land conservation through social initiatives is therefore becoming a crucial element for an important number of species not protected by

  3. The effects of governmental protected areas and social initiatives for land protection on the conservation of Mexican amphibians.

    PubMed

    Ochoa-Ochoa, Leticia; Urbina-Cardona, J Nicolás; Vázquez, Luis-Bernardo; Flores-Villela, Oscar; Bezaury-Creel, Juan

    2009-09-01

    Traditionally, biodiversity conservation gap analyses have been focused on governmental protected areas (PAs). However, an increasing number of social initiatives in conservation (SICs) are promoting a new perspective for analysis. SICs include all of the efforts that society implements to conserve biodiversity, such as land protection, from private reserves to community zoning plans some of which have generated community-protected areas. This is the first attempt to analyze the status of conservation in Latin America when some of these social initiatives are included. The analyses were focused on amphibians because they are one of the most threatened groups worldwide. Mexico is not an exception, where more than 60% of its amphibians are endemic. We used a niche model approach to map the potential and real geographical distribution (extracting the transformed areas) of the endemic amphibians. Based on remnant distribution, all the species have suffered some degree of loss, but 36 species have lost more than 50% of their potential distribution. For 50 micro-endemic species we could not model their potential distribution range due to the small number of records per species, therefore the analyses were performed using these records directly. We then evaluated the efficiency of the existing set of governmental protected areas and established the contribution of social initiatives (private and community) for land protection for amphibian conservation. We found that most of the species have some proportion of their potential ecological niche distribution protected, but 20% are not protected at all within governmental PAs. 73% of endemic and 26% of micro-endemic amphibians are represented within SICs. However, 30 micro-endemic species are not represented within either governmental PAs or SICs. This study shows how the role of land conservation through social initiatives is therefore becoming a crucial element for an important number of species not protected by

  4. Final Technical Report. Sault Tribe Building Efficiency Audits of Tribally-Owned Governmental Buildings and Residential Tribal Housing

    SciTech Connect

    Holt, Jeffrey W.

    2015-03-27

    The Tribe is working to reduce energy consumption and expense in Tribally-owned governmental buildings and low income housing sites. In 2009, the Tribe applied to the U. S. Department of Energy for funding to conduct energy audits of Tribally-owned governmental buildings. Findings from the energy audits would define the extent and types of energy efficiency improvements needed, establish a basis for energy priorities, strategies and action plans, and provide a benchmark for measuring improvements from energy efficiency implementations. In 2010, the DOE awarded a grant in the amount of $95,238 to the Tribe to fund the energy audits of nine governmental buildings and to pay for travel expenses associated with attendance and participation at the DOE annual program reviews. In 2011, the Tribe applied for and was awarded a DOE grant in the amount of $75,509 to conduct energy audits of the remaining 30 Tribally-owned governmental buildings. Repeating mobilization steps performed during the first DOE energy audits grant, the Tribe initiated the second round of governmental building energy audits by completing energy auditor procurement. The selected energy auditor successfully passed DOE debarment and Sault Tribe background clearances. The energy audits contract was awarded to U. P. Engineers and Architects, Inc. of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. The Tribe continued mobilizing for the energy audits by providing the energy auditor with one year of electric, gas and water utility invoice copies per building, as well as supplemental building information, such as operating hours. The Tribe also contacted building occupants to coordinate scheduling for the on-site energy audit inspections and arranged for facilities management personnel to guide the energy auditor through the buildings and answer questions regarding building systems.

  5. Governmental responses and smallholders' adaptations to climatic variability in southeastern Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mardero Jimenez, Silvia Sofia; Schmook, Birgit; Christman, Zachary; Radel, Claudia

    2016-04-01

    Maize agriculture comprises a third of the area under cultivation in Mexico (75 million hectares), with only a quarter of this crop irrigated artificially. With the great dependence of the country's dominant crop on natural rainfall, there is potential for major losses in maize production due to climatic events, such as irregular rainfalls, droughts, and hurricanes. In 2012, droughts alone caused losses of 16 billion Mexican pesos nationwide in the agricultural sector. Over the last decades, political and economic pressures in the agrarian sector have further stressed Mexican smallholder farmers, as they have to respond to a combination of economic and climatic factors. This interdisciplinary study first documents local climate changes and then explores smallholder farmers' adaptations and governmental policy responses to the variable and changing precipitation and temperature patterns across southeastern Mexico. To assess local climate changes, we analyzed precipitation and temperature data from the land-based weather station network of CONAGUA for the 1973-2012 period. Precipitation anomalies were estimated to evaluate the annual and seasonal stability, deficit, or surplus; and linear regressions used to evaluate precipitation and temperature trends. Climatic analysis demonstrated, 1) a considerable increase in temperature across the study area; 2) a decline in precipitation across a sub-section; 3) increased drought frequency; and 4) an increase in negative anomalies in recent years. We then combine findings from our previous research (Mardero et al. 2014 and Mardero et al. 2015), based on interviews with 150 swidden maize smallholders in 10 communities, to new data from in-depth interviews with managers of local and regional agricultural associations and with members of governmental institutions in charge of climate policy implementation (n=19). The new data allow us to explore governmental responses to climatic variability in the agricultural sector in direct

  6. Epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus Harboring the mecA or Panton-Valentine Leukocidin Genes in Hospitals in Java and Bali, Indonesia

    PubMed Central

    Santosaningsih, Dewi; Santoso, Sanarto; Budayanti, Nyoman S.; Kuntaman, Kuntaman; Lestari, Endang S.; Farida, Helmia; Hapsari, Rebriarina; Hadi, Purnomo; Winarto, Winarto; Milheiriço, Catarina; Maquelin, Kees; Willemse-Erix, Diana; van Belkum, Alex; Severin, Juliëtte A.; Verbrugh, Henri A.

    2014-01-01

    Data of Staphylococcus aureus carriage in Indonesian hospitals are scarce. Therefore, the epidemiology of S. aureus among surgery patients in three academic hospitals in Indonesia was studied. In total, 366 of 1,502 (24.4%) patients carried S. aureus. The methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) carriage rate was 4.3%, whereas 1.5% of the patients carried Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-positive methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA). Semarang and Malang city (odds ratio [OR] 9.4 and OR 9.0), being male (OR 2.4), hospitalization for more than 5 days (OR 11.708), and antibiotic therapy during hospitalization (OR 2.6) were independent determinants for MRSA carriage, whereas prior hospitalization (OR 2.5) was the only one risk factor for PVL-positive MSSA carriage. Typing of MRSA strains by Raman spectroscopy showed three large clusters assigned type 21, 24, and 38, all corresponding to ST239-MRSA-SCCmec type III. In conclusion, MRSA and PVL-positive MSSA are present among patients in surgical wards in Indonesian academic hospitals. PMID:24567320

  7. Epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus harboring the mecA or Panton-Valentine leukocidin genes in hospitals in Java and Bali, Indonesia.

    PubMed

    Santosaningsih, Dewi; Santoso, Sanarto; Budayanti, Nyoman S; Kuntaman, Kuntaman; Lestari, Endang S; Farida, Helmia; Hapsari, Rebriarina; Hadi, Purnomo; Winarto, Winarto; Milheiriço, Catarina; Maquelin, Kees; Willemse-Erix, Diana; van Belkum, Alex; Severin, Juliëtte A; Verbrugh, Henri A

    2014-04-01

    Data of Staphylococcus aureus carriage in Indonesian hospitals are scarce. Therefore, the epidemiology of S. aureus among surgery patients in three academic hospitals in Indonesia was studied. In total, 366 of 1,502 (24.4%) patients carried S. aureus. The methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) carriage rate was 4.3%, whereas 1.5% of the patients carried Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-positive methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA). Semarang and Malang city (odds ratio [OR] 9.4 and OR 9.0), being male (OR 2.4), hospitalization for more than 5 days (OR 11.708), and antibiotic therapy during hospitalization (OR 2.6) were independent determinants for MRSA carriage, whereas prior hospitalization (OR 2.5) was the only one risk factor for PVL-positive MSSA carriage. Typing of MRSA strains by Raman spectroscopy showed three large clusters assigned type 21, 24, and 38, all corresponding to ST239-MRSA-SCCmec type III. In conclusion, MRSA and PVL-positive MSSA are present among patients in surgical wards in Indonesian academic hospitals.

  8. Can hospitals compete on quality? Hospital competition.

    PubMed

    Sadat, Somayeh; Abouee-Mehrizi, Hossein; Carter, Michael W

    2015-09-01

    In this paper, we consider two hospitals with different perceived quality of care competing to capture a fraction of the total market demand. Patients select the hospital that provides the highest utility, which is a function of price and the patient's perceived quality of life during their life expectancy. We consider a market with a single class of patients and show that depending on the market demand and perceived quality of care of the hospitals, patients may enjoy a positive utility. Moreover, hospitals share the market demand based on their perceived quality of care and capacity. We also show that in a monopoly market (a market with a single hospital) the optimal demand captured by the hospital is independent of the perceived quality of care. We investigate the effects of different parameters including the market demand, hospitals' capacities, and perceived quality of care on the fraction of the demand that each hospital captures using some numerical examples.

  9. Contributions of non-governmental organizations to WHO targets for control of soil-transmitted helminthiases.

    PubMed

    Gallo, Kerry; Mikhailov, Alexei; Hailemeskal, Meklit Berhan; Koporc, Kim; Mbabazi, Pamela Sabina; Addiss, David

    2013-12-01

    Soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH) may affect up to 1 billion children globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends regular preventive chemotherapy for at-risk individuals. The WHO Preventive Chemotherapy (PCT) Databank tracks annual treatments reported by national Ministries of Health (MOHs) to evaluate progress to coverage goals. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) deliver STH treatments; the extent to which they are included in MOH reports to the WHO is unclear. The Global NGO Deworming Inventory solicited treatment reports from NGOs to compare with the PCT Databank. In 2010, NGOs delivered 65.4 million STH treatments, which is an estimated 25.1% of the total delivered. Of these treatments, 23.3 million (35.6%) were not reported to the WHO; 22.3 million (95.7%) were from countries that had not submitted STH treatment reports to the WHO. Reporting from NGOs to MOHs and from MOHs to the WHO should be strengthened to ensure that progress to WHO treatment goals is monitored with better completeness and assessed accurately.

  10. The role of non-governmental organizations in the mental health area: differences in understanding

    PubMed Central

    Pahor, Majda

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction The contribution’s aim is highlighting the differences in understanding non-governmental organizations’ (NGOs) role in the mental health area within the public support network for patients with mental health problems from various viewpoints, in order to achieve progress in supporting patients with mental health problems in local communities. Methods Qualitative data gathered as a part of a cross-sectional study of NGOs in the support network for patients with mental health problems in two Slovenian health regions (56 local communities), carried out in 2013 and 2014, were used. Qualitative analysis of interviews, focus groups and answers to an open survey question was performed. Results There are differences in understanding NGOs’ role in the support network for patients with mental health problems, which stem from the roles of stakeholders (local community officials, experts, care providers, and patients) within this system and their experience. Discussion and conclusion The actual differences need to be addressed and overcome in order to provide integrated community care. The importance of knowing the current state of NGOs in their life cycle and the socio-chronological context of the local community support network is evident. PMID:27703545

  11. The role of space related non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in capacity building

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lukaszczyk, A.; Williamson, R.

    2010-02-01

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play a unique role in international affairs, providing access to resources, expertise, and assistance to supplement State resources. Sometimes the diplomatic skills and unofficial access of NGOs to policymakers through Track Two diplomacy can move a previously stalled critical issue forward and assist policymakers from different countries to find common ground outside official channels. Because they work outside of official channels, they are not bound by State policy that may inhibit negotiations between States. Some also have a convening power that sometimes makes it possible for State representatives to meet discipline experts and each other for informal discussions on issues of mutual interest. Finally, NGOs can draw attention to issues that may be overlooked or avoided by State organizations. This paper examines the ways in which NGOs can assist in building scientific, technical, educational, and legal and policy expertise related to space and Earth science, technology and governance of space activities. In particular, it will explore and analyze the ways in which organizations such as the Space Generation Advisory Council, EURISY, the Planetary Society and Secure World Foundation contribute to building capacity in developing countries.

  12. Exploring Fragility: Industrial Delocalization, Occupational and Environmental Risks, and Non-Governmental Organizations

    PubMed Central

    Rigotto, Raquel Maria

    2009-01-01

    What is the role of non-governmental organizations – NGOs – in the process of industrial delocalization and socio-spatial redistribution of occupational and environmental risks? In an attempt to contribute to this debate, this study approaches the issue in a very specific socio-historical context, marked by recent accelerated industrialization in a small town in Northeast Brazil. Based on semi-structured interviews with leaders of four local NGOs, the way they perceive and value the risks introduced into the area and relations between industrialization and local development are analyzed. Findings show a strong adherence to the industrial plan by workers’ trade unions, whilst other NGOs are highly critical with regard thereto, but undertake no social or political activity regarding the issues they identify. This phenomenon is discussed in terms of the modus operandi of ideology and its strategies for symbolic construction, enabling a comprehensive reinterpretation of how capital also benefits, in its mobility, from local society’s fragility in organizing and protecting quality of life and public health. PMID:19440428

  13. An evaluability assessment of a West Africa based Non-Governmental Organization's (NGO) progressive evaluation strategy.

    PubMed

    D'Ostie-Racine, Léna; Dagenais, Christian; Ridde, Valéry

    2013-02-01

    While program evaluations are increasingly valued by international organizations to inform practices and public policies, actual evaluation use (EU) in such contexts is inconsistent. Moreover, empirical literature on EU in the context of humanitarian Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) is very limited. The current article focuses on the evaluability assessment (EA) of a West-Africa based humanitarian NGO's progressive evaluation strategy. Since 2007, the NGO has established an evaluation strategy to inform its maternal and child health care user-fee exemption intervention. Using Wholey's (2004) framework, the current EA enabled us to clarify with the NGO's evaluation partners the intent of their evaluation strategy and to design its program logic model. The EA ascertained the plausibility of the evaluation strategy's objectives, the accessibility of relevant data, and the utility for intended users of evaluating both the evaluation strategy and the conditions that foster EU. Hence, key evaluability conditions for an EU study were assured. This article provides an example of EA procedures when such guidance is scant in the literature. It also offers an opportunity to analyze critically the use of EAs in the context of a humanitarian NGO's collaboration with evaluators and political actors.

  14. Changing hospital payments: implications for teaching hospitals.

    PubMed

    Bentley, J D

    1983-09-01

    Hospitals cannot continue to view themselves only as social institutions whose performance will be assessed on the good they do. Teaching hospitals, in particular, cannot view themselves simply as distinctive combinations of social and educational institutions. Under Medicare's prospective pricing system, the hospital's role as production system is enhanced, and all hospitals must learn to balance the new economic realities as they work with their medical staff to adapt to a changed future.

  15. Going to the Hospital

    MedlinePlus

    ... Happens in the Operating Room? Going to the Hospital KidsHealth > For Kids > Going to the Hospital Print ... you flowers, balloons, or other treats! previous continue Hospital People You'll meet lots of people in ...

  16. Values, achievement goals, and individual-oriented and social-oriented achievement motivations among Chinese and Indonesian secondary school students.

    PubMed

    Liem, Arief Darmanegara; Nie, Youyan

    2008-10-01

    This study examined how values related to achievement goals and individual-oriented and social-oriented achievement motivations among secondary school students in China (N = 355) and Indonesia (N = 356). Statistical comparisons showed the Chinese students endorsed more strongly than the Indonesian students on self-direction and hedonism values, individual-oriented achievement motivation, and mastery-approach goals. Conversely, the Indonesian students endorsed more strongly than their Chinese counterparts on security, conformity, tradition, universalism and achievement values, social-oriented achievement motivation, and performance-approach and mastery-avoidance goals. Values explained a significant amount of the variance in almost all of the dimensions of motivation. Etic and emic relationships between values and achievement motivations were found.

  17. Analysis prediction of Indonesian banks (BCA, BNI, MANDIRI) using adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and investment strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trianto, Andriantama Budi; Hadi, I. M.; Liong, The Houw; Purqon, Acep

    2015-09-01

    Indonesian economical development is growing well. It has effect for their invesment in Banks and the stock market. In this study, we perform prediction for the three blue chips of Indonesian bank i.e. BCA, BNI, and MANDIRI by using the method of Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) with Takagi-Sugeno rules and Generalized bell (Gbell) as the membership function. Our results show that ANFIS perform good prediction with RMSE for BCA of 27, BNI of 5.29, and MANDIRI of 13.41, respectively. Furthermore, we develop an active strategy to gain more benefit. We compare between passive strategy versus active strategy. Our results shows that for the passive strategy gains 13 million rupiah, while for the active strategy gains 47 million rupiah in one year. The active investment strategy significantly shows gaining multiple benefit than the passive one.

  18. Primary structure of mature SAG1 gene of an Indonesian Toxoplasma gondii and comparison with other strains.

    PubMed

    Hartati, Sri; Kusumawati, Asmarani; Wuryastuti, Hastari; Widada, J Sri

    2006-09-01

    Toxoplasma gondii is a persistent protozoan parasite capable of infecting almost any warm-blooded vertebrates. SAG1 (p30) is the prototypic member of a superfamily of surface antigens called SRS (SAG1-related sequence). It constitutes the most abundant and predominant antigen. In this paper the primary structure of mature SAG1 gene of an Indonesian T. gondii isolate is described and sequence comparison is made with published sequence data of 7 other strains or isolates. Sequence comparison indicated that SAG1 is highly conserved through evolution and despite parasite spreading world-wide. Sequences may be divided into two major families, independent of the strain/isolate geographic origin. Variations were mainly localized at the C-terminal half or domain 2 and some clustered in restricted areas. Sequence comparison allowed us to define the Indonesian isolate as genuine virulent RH strain. A phylogenetic tree of Toxoplasma strains/isolates was constructed based on SAG1.

  19. An Approach to the Design of a Management Information System: Development Procedure for the Indonesian Defense Logistics Staff.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-01

    DEVELOPMENT PROCEDURE FOR THENMINDONESIAN EFENSE LOGISTICS STAFF E. Sudaryanto Wreksomindojo Major, Indonesia Army LSSR 61-83 DTICELECTE >.. NOV 8 1983 C...PROCEDURE FOR THE INDONESIAN DEFENSE LOGISTICS STAFF E. Sudaryanto Wreksomindojo -Major, Indonesia Army LSSR 61-83 Apprr ’-;,, .; e 1. . ,: ;r...PERFORMING O0G. REPORT NUMBER 1. AUTHOR(*) 8. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBER(s) E. Sudaryanto Wreksomindojo " " Major, Indonesia Army _ -." -** PERFORMING 10

  20. Intake of essential fatty acids in Indonesian children: secondary analysis of data from a nationally representative survey.

    PubMed

    Neufingerl, Nicole; Djuwita, Ratna; Otten-Hofman, Anke; Nurdiani, Reisi; Garczarek, Ursula; Sulaeman, Ahmad; Zock, Peter L; Eilander, Ans

    2016-02-28

    Essential fatty acids (EFA) such as α-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA) are needed for healthy growth and development of children. Worldwide, reliable intake data of EFA are often lacking. The objective of this study was to investigate dietary intake of EFA in Indonesian children. Dietary intake data of 4-12-year-old children (n 45,821) from a nationally representative Indonesian survey were used to estimate median intake and distribution of population fatty acid intake. Missing data on individual fatty acids in the Indonesian food composition table were complemented through chemical analyses of national representative food samples and imputation of data from the US nutrient database. Nutrient adequacy ratios were calculated as a percentage of FAO/WHO intake recommendations. The medians of total fat intake of the children was 26·7 (10th-90th percentile 11·2-40·0) percentage of total daily energy (%E). Intakes of fatty acids were 4·05 (10th-90th percentile 1·83-7·22) %E for total PUFA, 3·36 (10th-90th percentile 1·14-6·29) %E for LA and 0·20 (10th-90th percentile 0·07-0·66) %E for ALA. Median intake of PUFA was 67 % and that of ALA 40 % of the minimum amounts recommended by FAO/WHO. These data indicate that a majority of Indonesian children has intakes of PUFA and specifically ALA that are lower than recommended intake levels. Total fat and LA intakes may be suboptimal for a smaller yet considerable proportion of children. Public health initiatives should provide practical guidelines to promote consumption of PUFA-rich foods.

  1. Simulated and Observed Circulation in the Indonesian Seas: 1/12 deg Global HYCOM and the INSTANT Observations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-14

    flow) and the upper ocean flow of the global thermohaline circulation . Impediments within the Indonesian Seas that may reduce the throughflow...Atlantic deep water formation in an OGCM’s ventilation and thermohaline circulation . J. Phys. Oceanogr., 28:1759-1785. Gordon, A.L., 2005...Schmitz, W.J., Jr., 1995. On the interbasin-scale thermohaline circulation . Rev. Geophys., 33:151-173. Shriver, J.F., Hurlburt, H.E., 1997. The

  2. Simulated and Observed Circulation in the Indonesian Seas: 1/12 degree Global HYCOM and the INSTANT Observations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    the upper ocean flow of the global thermohaline circulation . Impediments within the Indonesian Seas that may reduce the throughflow transport include...1998. The role of North Atlantic deep water formation in an OGCM’s ventilation and thermohaline circulation . J. Phys. Oceanogr. 28, 1759-1785...L03611, doi: 10.1029/2006GL028363. Schmitz Jr., W.J., 1995. On the interbasin-scale thermohaline circulation . Rev. Geophys. 33,151-173. Shriver

  3. The effects of model resolution and friction on the propagation of an Indian Ocean Kelvin wave through the Indonesian arcipelego.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Blanc, J.-L.; Wells, N. C.

    2003-04-01

    A reduced-gravity 21/2 layer model was used to investigate the influence of friction and model resolution on the propagation of a single Kelvin wave through the Indonesian Seas. A set of experiments with different eddy viscosities, ranging from 50 m2/s to 10 000 m2/s, and different grid resolutions, ranging from 1/4th of a degree to 1/12th of a degree, has been performed. Application was made on the propagation of a single Indian Ocean equatorial Kelvin wave through the Indonesian Seas. Results using no-slip boundary condition and a 1/4th of a degree grid size show that for a eddy viscosity higher than 1000 m2/s, more than 70% of the initial Kelvin wave's energy is dissipated namely along the coasts. The use of a 1/12th of a degree model resolution does not change these results significantly. Consequently, one may conclude that the major Indonesian straits, namely the Lombok Strait, the Ombai Strait and the Timor Passage, are well resolved with a 1/4th of a degree model resolution. The choice of the eddy viscosity remains mainly arbitrary. Depending on the eddy viscosity that is used, the amount of energy that propagates through the numerous Indonesian islands and that reaches the Pacific Ocean varies from 6% of the initial Kelvin wave's energy, down to 0.5%, for eddy viscosities s ranging from 50 m2/s to 10 000 m2/s respectively.

  4. Critical Access Hospitals (CAH)

    MedlinePlus

    ... use requirements for Critical Access Hospitals related to Electronic Health Records (EHRs)? Critical Access Hospital (CAH) are eligible for Electronic Health Record (EHR) incentive payments and can receive ...

  5. Identification of a novel nonsense mutation in RP1 that causes autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa in an Indonesian family

    PubMed Central

    Siemiatkowska, Anna M.; Astuti, Galuh D.N.; Arimadyo, Kentar; den Hollander, Anneke I.; Faradz, Sultana M.H.; Cremers, Frans P.M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify the underlying molecular genetic defect in an Indonesian family with three affected individuals who had received a diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Methods Clinical evaluation of the family members included measuring visual acuity and fundoscopy, and assessing visual field and color vision. Genomic DNA of the three affected individuals was analyzed with Illumina 700k single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays, and homozygous regions were identified using PLINK software. Mutation analysis was performed with sequence analysis of the retinitis pigmentosa 1 (RP1) gene that resided in one of the homozygous regions. The frequency of the identified mutation in the Indonesian population was determined with TaqI restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Results A novel homozygous nonsense mutation in exon 4 of the RP1 gene, c.1012C>T (p.R338*), was identified in the proband and her two affected sisters. Unaffected family members either carried two wild-type alleles or were heterozygous carriers of the mutation. The mutation was not present in 184 Indonesian control samples. Conclusions Most of the previously reported RP1 mutations are inherited in an autosomal dominant mode, and appear to cluster in exon 4. Here, we identified a novel homozygous p.R338* mutation in exon 4 of RP1, and speculate on the mutational mechanisms of different RP1 mutations underlying dominant and recessive RP. PMID:23077400

  6. The Influence of the 2006 Indonesian Biomass Burning Aerosols on Tropical Dynamics Studied with the GEOS-5 AGCM

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ott, Lesley; Duncan, Bryan; Pawson, Steven; Colarco, Peter; Chin, Mian; Randles, Cynthia; Diehl, Thomas; Nielsen, Eric

    2009-01-01

    The direct and semi-direct effects of aerosols produced by Indonesian biomass burning (BB) during August November 2006 on tropical dynamics have been examined using NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System, Version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM). The AGCM includes CO, which is transported by resolved and sub-grid processes and subject to a linearized chemical loss rate. Simulations were driven by two sets of aerosol forcing fields calculated offline, one that included Indonesian BB aerosol emissions and one that did not. In order to separate the influence of the aerosols from internal model variability, the means of two ten-member ensembles were compared. Diabatic heating from BB aerosols increased temperatures over Indonesia between 150 and 400 hPa. The higher temperatures resulted in strong increases in upward grid-scale vertical motion, which increased water vapor and CO over Indonesia. In October, the largest increases in water vapor were found in the mid-troposphere (25%) while the largest increases in CO occurred just below the tropopause (80 ppbv or 50%). Diabatic heating from the Indonesian BB aerosols caused CO to increase by 9% throughout the tropical tropopause layer in November and 5% in the lower stratosphere in December. The results demonstrate that aerosol heating plays an important role in the transport of BB pollution and troposphere-to-stratosphere transport. Changes in vertical motion and cloudiness induced by aerosol heating can also alter the transport and phase of water vapor in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere.

  7. Orbitally-paced paleoproductivity variations in the Timor Sea and Indonesian Throughflow variability during the last 460-ky

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuhnt, W.; Holbourn, A.; Kawamura, H.; Jian, Z.; Grootes, P.; Erlenkeuser, H.; Xu, J.

    2004-12-01

    A high-resolution ( ˜ 1-2 ky) multi-proxy record from the Timor Sea in the easternmost Indian Ocean (IMAGES Core MD01-2378, Lat. 13 ° 04.95' S, Long. 12 ° 47.27' E, 1783 m water depth) closely tracks changes in intermediate water ventilation and paleoproductivity over the last 460 ky within one of the main outflow passages of the Indonesian Throughflow. Spectral analysis of five different types of flux-based productivity proxies indicates spectral power concentrated in the 100 ky (glacial-interglacial) and 23 ky and 19 ky (precessional) periods. The productivity indicators are coherent and in phase with the precession controlled equatorial winter insolation and generally lead the benthic δ 18O record by 2-3 ky. At terminations, rising sea-level (driven by high latitude forcing) and decreasing NW monsoon (driven by precessional forcing) probably triggered an intensification of the Indonesian Throughflow, stabilizing the upper water column and prohibiting vertical mixing. Thus, productivity fluctuations in the Timor Sea over the last 460 ky were strongly influenced by monsoonal flow patterns in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean (23 and 19 ky) and were also modulated by the intensity of the Indonesian Throughflow (100 ky).

  8. Diagnosing the mean strength of the Indonesian Throughflow in an ocean general circulation model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Godfrey, J. S.; Masumoto, Y.

    1999-04-01

    We have tested a rigorous version of the Island Rule for the long-term mean magnitude of the Indonesian Throughflow, in a Bryan-Cox model of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. We assign specific causes, in definite locations, to departures from the original version of the rule. Some of these causes can be tested observationally. If Australasia's northern tip is taken at the equator, then in the original version of the rule the throughflow magnitude can be calculated as follows. (1) Everywhere along the standard Island Rule path from Chile to Australasia's southern tip, via the equatorial Pacific, the long-path gradient ∂ P/∂ l of depth-integrated steric height (DISH) P is given by the long-path wind stress τl divided by density ρ and gravitational acceleration g. (2) The Indonesian Throughflow is the sum of the geostrophic flow balancing the resulting DISH difference ΔP between Chile and southern Australasia and the northward Ekman transport between Chile and Australasia. (Corrections for the pressure difference across New Zealand; for flows through Bass, Torres, and Bering Straits; for pressure gradients at the sill depth; and for the Pacific-wide vertical transport W through the sill depth are all treated here as effects omitted from the original version, as are all nonlinear and frictional contributions.) In the model, Torres and Bering Straits were closed and Tasmania was submerged, so the flows through minor straits were all zero. Local balance of wind stress by the DISH gradient worked well along the South American coast and along the western coast of Australasia north of 20°S. In particular, no large frictional components developed near the eastern side of the narrow Indonesian gap. Lateral friction and nonlinearity introduced quite large contributions across the equatorial Pacific, though they largely cancelled one another. However, major departures from the balance assumed in the Island Rule (relative to the sill depth, 629 m in our model) occurred

  9. The effects of local culture on hospital administration in West Sumatra, Indonesia.

    PubMed

    Semiarty, Rima; Fanany, Rebecca

    2017-02-06

    Purpose Problems in health-care leadership are serious in West Sumatra, Indonesia, especially in hospitals, which are controlled locally. The purpose of this paper is to present the experience of three hospitals in balancing the conflicting demands of the national health-care system and the traditional model of leadership in the local community. Design/methodology/approach Three case studies of the hospital leadership dynamic in West Sumatra were developed from in-depth interviews with directors, senior administrators and a representative selection of employees in various professional categories. Findings An analysis of findings shows that traditional views about leadership remain strong in the community and color the expectations of hospital staff. Hospital directors, however, are bound by the modern management practices of the national system. This conflict has intensified since regional autonomy which emphasizes the local culture much more than in the past. Research limitations/implications The research was carried out in one Indonesian province and was limited to three hospitals of different types. Practical implications The findings elucidate a potential underlying cause of problems in hospital management in Indonesia and may inform culturally appropriate ways of addressing them. Originality/value The social and cultural contexts of management have not been rigorously studied in Indonesia. The relationship between local and national culture reported here likely has a similar effect in other parts of the country.

  10. Soft System Methodology as a Tool to Understand Issues of Governmental Affordable Housing Programme of India: A Case Study Approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, Sukanya; Roy, Souvanic; Sanyal, Manas Kumar

    2016-09-01

    With the help of a case study, the article has explored current practices of implementation of governmental affordable housing programme for urban poor in a slum of India. This work shows that the issues associated with the problems of governmental affordable housing programme has to be addressed to with a suitable methodology as complexities are not only dealing with quantitative data but qualitative data also. The Hard System Methodologies (HSM), which is conventionally applied to address the issues, deals with real and known problems which can be directly solved. Since most of the issues of affordable housing programme as found in the case study are subjective and complex in nature, Soft System Methodology (SSM) has been tried for better representation from subjective points of views. The article explored drawing of Rich Picture as an SSM approach for better understanding and analysing complex issues and constraints of affordable housing programme so that further exploration of the issues is possible.

  11. Physical Climatology of Indonesian Maritime Continent: An Overview of Observational Studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamanaka, M. D.

    2014-12-01

    The Indonesian maritime continent (IMC) is a miniature of our land-sea coexisting planet Earth. Firstly, without interior activity, the Earth becomes an even-surfaced "aqua-planet" with both atmosphere and ocean flowing almost zonally, and solar differential heating generates (global thermal tides and) Hadley's meridional circulations with ITCZ along the equator as observed actually over open (Indian and Pacific) oceans in the both sides of IMC. ITCZ involves intraseasonal variations or super cloud clusters moving eastward. Secondly, the lands and seas over the actual Earth have been keeping the area ratio of 3:7 (similar to that of islands and inland/surrounding seas in IMC), but their displacements have produced IMC near the equator, which turns equatorial Pacific easterly current northward (Kuroshio) and reflects equatorial oceanic waves inducing coupled ocean-atmosphere interannual variations such as ENSO and IOD, or displacements of Walker's zonal circulations. Thirdly, because IMC consists of many large/small islands with very long coastlines, many narrow straits become a dam for the global (Pacific to Indian) ocean circulation, and the land-sea heat capacity contrasts along the coastlines generate the world's largest rainfall with diurnal cycles (sea-land breeze circulations). The diurnal cycles are dominant in the rainy season (austral summer in Jawa and Bali), because rainfall-induced sprinkler-like land cooling reverses the trans-coastal temperature gradient before sunrise, and subsequent clear sky on land until around noon provides solar heating dependent on season. These processes lead to rapid land/hydrosphere-atmosphere water exchange, local air pollutant washout, and transequatorial boreal winter monsoon (cold surge). In El Niño years the cooler sea-surface temperature suppresses the morning coastal-sea rainfall, and induces often serious smog over IMC. Lastly, high-resolution observations/models covering both over islands and seas are necessary. A

  12. Measurement of Plasmodium falciparum transmission intensity using serological cohort data from Indonesian schoolchildren

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background As malaria transmission intensity approaches zero, measuring it becomes progressively more difficult and inefficient because parasite-positive individuals are hard to detect. This situation may arise shortly before achieving local elimination, or during surveillance post-elimination to prevent reintroduction. Antibody responses against the parasite last longer than the infections themselves. This “footprint” of infection may thus be used for assessing transmission intensity. A statistical approach is presented for measuring the seroconversion rate (SCR), a correlate of the force of infection, from individual-level longitudinal data on antibody titres in an area of low Plasmodium falciparum transmission. Methods Blood samples were collected from 160 Indonesian schoolchildren every month for six months. Titres of antibodies against AMA-1 and MSP-119 antigens of P. falciparum were measured using ELISA. The distribution of antibody titres among seronegative and -positive individuals, respectively, was estimated by comparing the titres from the study data (a mixture of both seropositive and -negative individuals) with titres from a (unexposed) negative control group of Indonesian individuals. Two Markov-Chain models for the transition of individuals between serological states were fitted to individual anti-PfAMA-1 or anti-PfMSP-1 titre time series using Bayesian Markov-Chain-Monte-Carlo (MCMC). This yielded estimates of SCR as well as of the duration of seropositivity. Results A posterior median SCR of 0.02 (Pf AMA-1) and 0.09 (PfMSP-1) person-1 year-1 was estimated, with credible intervals ranging from 1E-4 to 0.2 person-1 year-1. This level of transmission intensity is at the lower range of what can reliably be measured with the present study size. A Bayesian test for seroconversion of an individual between two observations is presented and used to identify the subjects who have most likely experienced an infection. Furthermore, the theoretical limits

  13. Evidence for Shifts in Indo-Pacific Hydrology over the Last Two Millennia from Indonesian Speleothems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Griffiths, M. L.; Gagan, M. K.; Drysdale, R.; Kimbrough, A. K.; Johnson, K. R.; Cole, J. E.; Zhao, J.; Ayliffe, L. K.; Hellstrom, J.; Hantoro, W. S.

    2012-12-01

    A suite of climate proxy records from the tropical Pacific have provided detailed information on the behaviour of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation and associated Pacific Walker Circulation (PWC) over the past millennium. However, there is still disagreement as to the precise evolution of this phenomenon, because some records have indicated that the PWC was stronger during the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA; ~950-1250 A.D. as defined in northern midlatitudes) and weaker during the Little Ice Age (LIA; 1450-1750 A.D.), whilst other records have suggested quite the opposite. These conflicting hypotheses are partly due to the lack of well-dated and continuous reconstructions of tropical Pacific climate, with the resolution capable of resolving the interannual ENSO and related decadal variability. Here we address these shortcomings by constructing an annually resolved record of Indonesian monsoon (IM) variability over the past two millennia from 18O/16O in speleothems situated within the ascending branch of the PWC in south-central Indonesia. Our replicated 18O/16O record reveals that the IM was substantially weaker (relative to modern) between ~950 and 1350 A.D., and became stronger immediately thereafter between ~1350 and 1700 A.D. These patterns, which are synchronous with other proxy records from the Indo-Pacific, are anti-phased with records of Indian and East Asian summer monsoon variability, suggesting that the latitudinal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone may have been responsible for the observed phase relationships between the northern- and southern-hemisphere low latitude regions. However, comparison of our IM record with hydrological records from the central/eastern equatorial Pacific shows marked anti-phasing between these regions too. Hence, zonal changes in the PWC may also explain the observed hydrologic shifts in Indonesia. Evidence for a weaker PWC during the MCA is provided by a time-space wavelet transform of our 18O/16O profile which

  14. Physical climatology of Indonesian maritime continent: An outline to comprehend observational studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamanaka, Manabu D.

    2016-09-01

    The Indonesian maritime continent (IMC) is a miniature of our land-sea coexisting planet Earth. Firstly, without interior activity, the Earth becomes an even-surfaced "aqua-planet" with both atmosphere and ocean flowing almost zonally, and solar differential heating generates (global thermal tides and) Hadley's meridional circulations with the inter-tropical convergence zone (ITCZ) along the equator as observed actually over the open (Indian and Pacific) oceans on the both sides of the IMC. The ITCZ involves intraseasonal variations or super cloud clusters moving eastward with hierarchical substructures moving also westward. Secondly, the lands and seas over the actual Earth have been keeping the area ratio of 3:7 (similar to that of islands and inland/surrounding seas in the IMC), but their displacements have produced the IMC near the equator, which turns equatorial Pacific easterly ocean current northward (Kuroshio) and reflects equatorial oceanic waves that affect coupled ocean-atmosphere interannual variations such as ENSO and IOD, or displacements of Walker's zonal circulations. Thirdly, because the IMC consists of many large/small islands with very long coastlines, many narrow straits control the global (Pacific to Indian) ocean circulation, and the land-sea heat capacity contrasts along the coastlines generate the world's largest rainfall with diurnal cycles (sea-land breeze circulations). The diurnal cycles are dominant even in the rainy season (austral summer in Jawa and Bali), because rainfall-induced sprinkler-like land cooling reverses the trans-coastal temperature gradient before sunrise, and subsequent clear sky on land until around noon provides solar heating dependent on season. These processes lead to rapid land/hydrosphere-atmosphere water exchange, local air pollutant washout, and transequatorial boreal winter monsoon (cold surge). In El Niño years, for example, the cooler sea-surface temperature suppresses the morning coastal-sea rainfall, and

  15. Seasonal-to-interannual effects of the Indonesian throughflow on the tropical Indo-Pacific Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murtugudde, Ragu; Busalacchi, Antonio J.; Beauchamp, James

    1998-09-01

    The effects of the Indonesian throughflow (ITF) are studied in a reduced gravity, primitive equation, sigma coordinate model. The model domain includes the flow south of Australia. Unlike previous studies, this model includes a completely interactive upper ocean hydrology and the surface heat fluxes are provided by coupling the ocean general circulation model (GCM) to an advective atmospheric mixed layer model. It is shown that model simulation of the ITF on seasonal and interannual (1980-1995) timescales is in very good agreement with available estimates and other model studies. Effects of increased mixing in the Indonesian seas are also presented. There is an El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) related signal in the ITF, but the correlation with the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) is only -0.31. When the winds over the Indian Ocean are held to climatology, this correlation jumps to -0.65 indicating that the non-ENSO signal in the ITF is caused by the downstream winds. On interannual timescales the ITF can be explained in terms of sea level differences between the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans when appropriate representative locations are chosen as demonstrated in both model and TOPEX data. It is shown that the main climatological effect of the ITF is to warm the Indian Ocean and to cool the Pacific. Spreading of the thermocline due to ITF in the Indian Ocean leads to reduced cooling of SST due to upwelling along the coasts of Java, western Australia, and Somalia. The seasonal cycle of sea surface temperature (SST) are shifted in the eastern equatorial Pacific and in the Leeuwin Current region and large-scale dynamic effects of the ITF are also seen. Over the period 1980-1995, the effect of the ITF has interannual variability. While the main ENSO indices, NINO3 and NINO4, are almost identical with and without the ITF, the total SSTs show significant ENSO dependence. SSTs in the central Indian Ocean linked previously to rainfall deficit in the western

  16. Retrospect on the tsunami simulation efforts for the German-Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rakowsky, Natalja; Androsov, Alexey; Harig, Sven; Immerz, Antonia; Behrens, Jörn; Danilov, Sergey; Hiller, Wolfgang; Schröter, Jens

    2014-05-01

    Starting in 2005, the GITEWS project (German-Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System) established from scratch a fully operational tsunami warning system at BMKG in Jakarta. GITEWS was succeeded in 2011 by the smaller project PROTECTS for training the Indonesian staff and consolidating the technical system. With the official end in March 2014, it is time to draw a balance and evaluate the approach. This presentation focuses on the contribution of the tsunami modelling group at the Alfred Wegener Institute. We will give a short overview on the developments of the numerical tsunami simulation model TsunAWI, of the scenario database built with TsunAWI, and of the simulation module SIM that interfaces the database to the decision support system. Some distinctive experiences will be highlighted. Topics include the modeling part as well as the matching process after the database is already set up. On the modeling side, unstructured mesh generation with focus on local bathymetric features and inclusion of precise coastline position as well as numerical parametrization and post processing are covered. The matching of pre calculated scenarios with incoming data in case of a tsunamigenic earthquake is performed in the simulation system SIM, which processes the data of multiple sensors and employs various metrics to limit the choice of possible scenarios from the database. One challenge was that the development of the matching algorithm had to start without having access to real sensor data except seismic information on epicenter and magnitude. Therefore, the algorithm is designed with robustness in mind. Still, the conservative approach allows to narrow down the scenario selection even with limited sensor information. Given more experience in the typical behaviour of sensor data in real events, the algorithm parameters can easily be calibrated towards a more restrictive scenario selection. Another challenge was to ensure the quality control of the data products derived from

  17. Indonesian Throughflow and Australasian Monsoon Variability Over the Last two Glacial Cycles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuhnt, W.; Holbourn, A.; Xu, J.; Nuernberg, D.; Bolliet, T.; Duerkop, A.; Zuraida, R.; Kawamura, H.

    2007-12-01

    The climate and hydrography of the tropical Indian Ocean are strongly influenced by the intensity and vertical profile of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) and seasonal changes in wind direction associated with the southward migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) during austral summer. We use a multiproxy approach to reconstruct monsoonal wind and circulation patterns along the NW Australian continental margin as well as changes in the vertical profile of the Indonesian Throughflow on glacial, precessional and suborbital timescales. Our records from the Timor Passage and Timor Sea (Sonne 185 and IMAGES WEPAMA cruises) closely track changes in the structure of the upper water column within one of the main outflow passages of the ITF. We use (1) XRF scanning records to reconstruct continental runoff and eolian dust transport, (2) paleoproductivity proxy data related to vertical mixing of the upper water column by monsoonal winds, (3) SST, SSS and mixed layer thickness estimates from combined oxygen isotope and Mg/Ca analyses of surface and thermocline dwelling planktonic foraminifers. XRF-scanner derived terrigenous flux and paleoproductivity fluctuations over the last 460 ky were strongly influenced by monsoonal wind patterns offshore NW Australia (23 and 19 ky), the position of the ITCZ (southward shift during precession minima) and were also modulated by sea-level related variations in the intensity of the ITF (100 ky). Our results indicate that the intensity of the Australian summer monsoon over the last two glacial cycles was controlled both by summer insolation over NW Australia and by the strength of the boreal winter monsoon, as the southward migration of the ITCZ is closely linked to northern hemisphere cooling. A comparison of water mass properties within the main outflow in the Timor Strait and within the mixing zone between ITF and eastern Indian Ocean waters reveals a higher thermocline temperature gradient between the eastern Indian Ocean

  18. Specialty hospitals: can general hospitals compete?

    PubMed

    Dummit, Laura A

    2005-07-13

    The rapid increase in specialty cardiac, surgical, and orthopedic hospitals has captured the attention of general hospitals and policymakers. Although the number of specialty hospitals remains small in absolute terms, their entry into certain health care markets has fueled arguments about the rules of "fair" competition among health care providers. To allow the smoke to clear, Congress effectively stalled the growth in new specialty hospitals by temporarily prohibiting physicians from referring Medicare or Medicaid patients to specialty hospitals in which they had an ownership interest. During this 18-month moratorium, which expired June 8, 2005, two mandated studies of specialty hospitals provided information to help assess their potential effect on health care delivery. This issue brief discusses the research on specialty hospitals, including their payments under Medicare's hospital inpatient payment system, the quality and cost of care they deliver, their effect on general hospitals and on overall health care delivery, and the regulatory and legal environment in which they have proliferated. It concludes with open issues concerning physician self-referral and the role of general hospitals in providing a range of health care services.

  19. Measuring Rural Hospital Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moscovice, Ira; Wholey, Douglas R.; Klingner, Jill; Knott, Astrid

    2004-01-01

    Increased interest in the measurement of hospital quality has been stimulated by accrediting bodies, purchaser coalitions, government agencies, and other entities. This paper examines quality measurement for hospitals in rural settings. We seek to identify rural hospital quality measures that reflect quality in all hospitals and that are sensitive…

  20. Hospital marketing revisited.

    PubMed

    Costello, M M

    1987-05-01

    With more hospitals embracing the marketing function in their organizational management over the past decade, hospital marketing can no longer be considered a fad. However, a review of hospital marketing efforts as reported in the professional literature indicates that hospitals must pay greater attention to the marketing mix elements of service, price and distribution channels as their programs mature.

  1. Competition among hospitals.

    PubMed

    Noether, M

    1988-09-01

    The traditional view of hospital competition has posited that hospitals compete primarily along 'quality' dimensions, in the form of fancy equipment to attract admitting physicians and pleasant surroundings to entice patients. Price competition among hospitals is thought to be non-existent. This paper estimates the effects of various hospital market characteristics on hospital prices and expenses in an attempt to determine the form of hospital competition. The results suggest that both price and quality competition are greater in markets that are less concentrated, although the net effect of the two on prices is insignificant. It appears, therefore, that, despite important distortions, hospital markets are not immune to standard competitive forces.

  2. Community-based wastewater treatment systems and water quality of an Indonesian village.

    PubMed

    Lim, H S; Lee, L Y; Bramono, S E

    2014-03-01

    This paper examines the impact of community-based water treatment systems on water quality in a peri-urban village in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Water samples were taken from the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), irrigation canals, paddy fields and wells during the dry and wet seasons. The samples were tested for biological and chemical oxygen demand, nutrients (ammonia, nitrate, total nitrogen and total phosphorus) and Escherichia coli. Water quality in this village is affected by the presence of active septic tanks, WWTP effluent discharge, small-scale tempe industries and external sources. We found that the WWTPs remove oxygen-demanding wastes effectively but discharged nutrients, such as nitrate and ammonia, into irrigation canals. Irrigation canals had high levels of E. coli as well as oxygen-demanding wastes. Well samples had high E. coli, nitrate and total nitrogen levels. Rainfall tended to increase concentrations of biological and chemical oxygen demand and some nutrients. All our samples fell within the drinking water standards for nitrate but failed the international and Indonesian standards for E. coli. Water quality in this village can be improved by improving the WWTP treatment of nutrients, encouraging more villagers to be connected to WWTPs and controlling hotspot contamination areas in the village.

  3. Tropical Tropospheric Ozone and Smoke Interactions: Satellite Observations During the 1997 Indonesian Fires

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thompson, A. M.; Witte, J. C.; Herman, J. R.; Hudson, R. D.; Frolov, A. D.; Kochhar, A. K.; Fujiwara, M.; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Biomass burning generates hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide that lead to tropospheric ozone pollution. Other combustion products form soot and various aerosol particles that make up smoke. Since early 1997 smoke and tropospheric ozone have been monitored in real-time from TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) at toms.gsfc.nasa.gov (smoke aerosol) and metosrv2.umd.edu/-tropo (tropospheric ozone). The striking increase in smoke and tropospheric ozone observed during the 1997 Indonesian fires was the first extreme episode observed. During the August-November period, plumes of excess ozone and smoke coincided at times but were decoupled at other times, a phenomenon followed with trajectories. Thus, trans-boundary evolution of smoke and ozone differed greatly. The second discovery of the 1997 TOMS record was a dynamical interaction of ozone with the strong El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) that led to a jump in tropospheric ozone in March 1997 over the entire Indian Ocean, well ahead of the intense burning period. A climatology of smoke and tropospheric ozone from a 1980's TOMS instrument shows offsets in the timing of these pollutants - further evidence that factors other than biomass burning exert a strong influence on tropical tropospheric ozone.

  4. Indonesian low rank coal oxidation: The effect of H2O2 concentration and oxidation temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rahayu, S. S.; Findiati, F.; Aprilia, F.

    2016-11-01

    Extraction of Indonesian low rank coals by alkaline solution has been performed to isolate the humic substances. Pretreatments of the coals by oxidation using H2O2 prior to extraction are required to have higher yield of humic substances. In the previous research, only the extraction process was considered. Therefore, the effects of reaction temperature and residence time on coal oxidation and composition of extract residues are also investigated in this research. The oxidation temperatures studied were 40°C, 50°C, and 70°C and the H2O2 concentrations studied were 5%, 15%, 20 %, and 30 %. All the oxidation variables were studied for 90 minutes. The results show that the higher the concentration of H2O2 used, the less oxidized coal produced. The same trend was obtained by using higher oxidation temperature. The effect of H2O2 concentration, oxidation temperature and reaction time to the yield of humic substances extraction have positive trends.

  5. Green synthesis of some novel dioxolane compounds from Indonesian essential oils as potential biogreases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi; Kurniawan, Yehezkiel Steven

    2017-03-01

    Greases are mostly prepared from petroleum base stocks that make it toxic to the environment. The demand for green greases has led to in depth research of other renewable resources. Vegetable oils are promising candidates due to their renewability and low toxicity. However, it has poor oxidation stability and high total acid number. One way to solve this problem is chemical modification of its fatty acid structure. We report some novel dioxolane compounds from oleic acid and benzaldehyde derivates from some Indonesian essential oils via several steps, i.e: hydroxylation, esterification and acetalization. The esterification and acetalization reaction was carried out by green procedure using sonochemical method and montmorillonite KSF as a catalyst. Hydroxylation of Oleic acid was performed by KMnO4 to give 9,10-dihydroxyoctadecanoic (DHOA) in 47% yield. The esterification was done using methanol yielded methyl 9,10-dihydroxyoctadecanoate (MDHO) as white powder in 94%. Acetalization of the ester MDO with various benzaldehyde derivatives was carried out to give the dioxolan derivatives in the range of 17 - 60% yield. All of the structure was confirmed by FT-IR and GC-MS, meanwhile their physicochemical properties were determined using ASTM methods. From physicochemical properties, i.e: -TAN, TBN and IV-, it can be concluded that these novel compounds have the potential to be developed into biogrease.

  6. An Investigation of Science Teaching Practices in Indonesian Rural Secondary Schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wahyudi; Treagust, David F.

    2004-08-01

    This study reports on teaching practices in science classrooms of Indonesian lower secondary schools in rural areas. Using six schools from three districts in the province of Kalimantan Selatan as the sample, this study found that most teaching practices in science classrooms in rural schools were teacher-centred with students copying notes. However, the study also found unique teaching practices of an exemplary science teacher whose teaching style can be described as both student-centred and teacher-centred, with students encouraged to be active learners. Four features of exemplary teaching practices were identified: The teacher managed the classroom effectively; used a variety of questioning techniques; employed various teaching approaches instead of traditional methods; and created a favourable learning environment. Data from classroom observations, interviews with teachers, and students responses to a questionnaire were used to compare the exemplary teacher and his colleagues. This study identified internal factors that may affect teaching practices such as a teachers content knowledge and beliefs about teaching. Compared to the other teachers, the exemplary teacher possessed more content knowledge and had a relatively stronger belief in his ability to teach.

  7. Implementation of Self Organizing Map (SOM) as decision support: Indonesian telematics services MSMEs empowerment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tosida, E. T.; Maryana, S.; Thaheer, H.; Hardiani

    2017-01-01

    Information technology and communication (telematics) is one of the most rapidly developing business sectors in Indonesia. It has strategic position in its contribution towards planning and implementation of developmental, economics, social, politics and defence strategies in business, communication and education. Aid absorption for the national telecommunication SMEs is relatively low; therefore, improvement is needed using analysis on business support cluster of which basis is types of business. In the study, the business support cluster analysis is specifically implemented for Indonesian telecommunication service. The data for the business are obtained from the National Census of Economic (Susenas 2006). The method used to develop cluster model is an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) system called Self-Organizing Maps (SOM) algorithm. Based on Index of Davies Bouldin (IDB), the accuracy level of the cluster model is 0.37 or can be categorized as good. The cluster model is developed to find out telecommunication business clusters that has influence towards the national economy so that it is easier for the government to supervise telecommunication business.

  8. Effects of RET and NRG1 polymorphisms in Indonesian patients with Hirschsprung disease

    PubMed Central

    Gunadi; Kapoor, Ashish; Ling, Albee Yun; Rochadi; Makhmudi, Akhmad; Herini, Elisabeth Siti; Sosa, Maria X.; Chatterjee, Sumantra; Chakravarti, Aravinda

    2014-01-01

    Background Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a neurocristopathy characterized by absence of intramural ganglion cells along variable lengths of the gastrointestinal tract in neonates. Three polymorphisms, rs2435357, within a conserved transcriptional enhancer of RET, and, rs7835688 and rs16879552, within intron 1 of NRG1, have been shown to be associated with isolated forms of HSCR. We wished to replicate these findings, and study the interactions between these variants, in Indonesian HSCR patients. Methods Sixty isolated HSCR patients and 124 controls were ascertained for this study. The three genetic markers were examined using TaqMan Genotyping Assays in genomic DNA for association studies. Results RET rs2435357 showed the strongest association with HSCR both by case–control analysis (p = 2.5 × 10−8) and transmission disequilibrium test (p = 4.2 × 10−6). NRG1 rs7835688 was modestly associated with HSCR only by case–control analysis (p = 4.3 × 10−3), whereas rs16879552 demonstrated no association (p > 0.097). Two locus analyses of variants showed significant interactions with increased and decreased disease risks of HSCR at NRG1 but conditional on rs2435357 genotype. Conclusions RET and NRG1 variants are common susceptibility factors for HSCR in Indonesia. These common variants demonstrate that development of HSCR requires joint effects of RET and NRG1 early in gut development. PMID:25475805

  9. Migration, social structure and old-age support networks: a comparison of three Indonesian communities

    PubMed Central

    KREAGER, PHILIP

    2007-01-01

    Contemporary trends in population ageing and urbanisation in the developing world imply that the extensive out-migration of young people from rural areas coincides with, and is likely to exacerbate, a rise in the older share of the rural population. This paper examines the impact of migration on vulnerability at older ages by drawing on the results of anthropological and demographic field studies in three Indonesian communities. The methodology for identifying vulnerable older people has a progressively sharper focus, beginning first with important differences between the communities, then examining variations by socio-economic strata, and finally the variability of older people's family networks. Comparative analysis indicates considerable heterogeneity in past and present migration patterns, both within and between villages. The migrants' contributions are a normal and important component of older people's support, often in combination with those of local family members. Higher status families are commonly able to reinforce their position by making better use of migration opportunities than the less advantaged. Although family networks in the poorer strata may effect some redistribution of the children's incomes, their social networks are smaller and insufficient to overcome their marked disadvantages. Vulnerability thus arises where several factors, including migration histories, result in unusually small networks, and when the migrations are within rural areas. PMID:23750063

  10. Physical sexual and intimate relationship concerns among Indonesian cervical cancer survivors: A phenomenological study.

    PubMed

    Afiyanti, Yati; Milanti, Ariesta

    2013-06-01

    Cervical cancer often leads to sexuality and intimacy concerns for the affected woman within a marital relationship.This study aimed to explore physical sexual concerns and their impact on the intimate partner relationships experienced by cervical cancer survivors. Using a descriptive phenomenological approach, data were collected through in-depth interviews with Indonesian women survivors of cervical cancer. Two themes and five sub-themes were constructed from the thematic analysis. The first theme was the physical sexual concerns following cervical cancer treatment, with the subthemes: red spotting and massive vaginal discharge after having sexual intercourse; narrower, smaller and less lubricated vagina; pain during sexual intercourse; feeling of shortened vagina as if it had been cut. The second theme of impact of sexual concerns on intimate partner had five subthemes of: looking for reasons to refuse sexual intercourse; prejudice towards the spouse; feeling forced to fulfil husband's sexual needs; accepting spouse's anger; willingness to let the spouse marry another woman. The findings provide nurses with a greater understanding on how women adapt to their altered sexuality and intimacy with their partner following cancer treatments.

  11. The trends of transport of South China Sea Throughflow and Indonesian Throughflow and their relationship

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Haiying; Wang, Yonggang

    2013-04-01

    The South China Sea Throughflow (SCSTF) plays an important role in climate variability of the Indo-Pacific region by inhibiting the surface warm water from flowing southward of the Makassar Strait Throughflow which is the primary pathway of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF). The trends of volumn transport of SCSTF and ITF are studied based on the monthly data available from 1871 to 2010 through the SODA retrospective analysis model version 2.0.2-4. SCSTF shows weakening trend in the recent 140 years because of the decreasing transport of the Luzon Strait which is the only entrance from tropical Pacific Ocean to SCS. Corresponding to this, the Makassar Strait Throughflow shows an increasing trend as 0.02Sv annual growth rate similar to the decline rate of SCSTF. The trend of ITF also shows an increasing trend but the growth rate is a little higher than Makassar Strait Throughflow indicating the other branches effects. It is suggested that the trend of the north moving of the bifurcation of the North equatorial current in the Pacific, the Kuroshio may be stronger and leak less water to SCS under the stronger inertia effect. As a part of cascade of events, SCSTF becomes weaker and Makasar Strait Throughflow becomes stronger, which may have a significant impact on volumn as well as the heat transport between the Indo-Pacific region.

  12. 'Desa SIAGA', the 'Alert Village': the evolution of an iconic brand in Indonesian public health strategies.

    PubMed

    Hill, Peter S; Goeman, Lieve; Sofiarini, Rahmi; Djara, Maddi M

    2014-07-01

    In 1999, the Ministry of Women's Empowerment in Indonesia worked with advertisers in Jakarta and international technical advisors to develop the concept of 'Suami SIAGA', the 'Alert Husband', confronting Indonesian males with their responsibilities to be aware of their wives' needs and ensure early access if needed to trained obstetrics care. The model was rapidly expanded to apply to the 'Desa SIAGA', the 'Alert Village', with communities assuming the responsibility for awareness of the risks of pregnancy and childbirth, and supporting registered pregnant mothers with funding and transportation for emergency obstetric assistance, and identified blood donors. Based on the participant observation, interviews and documentary analysis, this article uses a systems perspective to trace the evolution of that iconic 'brand' as new national and international actors further developed the concept and its application in provincial and national programmes. In 2010, it underwent a further transformation to become 'Desa Siaga Aktif', a national programme with responsibilities expanded to include the provision of basic health services at village level, and the surveillance of communicable disease, monitoring of lifestyle activities and disaster preparedness, in addition to the management of obstetric emergencies. By tracking the use of this single 'brand', the study provides insights into the complex adaptive system of policy and programme development with its rich interactions between multiple international, national, provincial and sectoral stakeholders, the unpredictable responses to feedback from these actors and their activities and the resultant emergence of new policy elements, new programmes and new levels of operation within the system.

  13. Genome size, GC percentage and 5mC level in the Indonesian coelacanth Latimeria menadoensis.

    PubMed

    Makapedua, Daisy Monica; Barucca, Marco; Forconi, Mariko; Antonucci, Niki; Bizzaro, Davide; Amici, Adolfo; Carradori, Maria Rita; Olmo, Ettore; Canapa, Adriana

    2011-09-01

    The living fossil Latimeria menadoensis is important to understand sarcopterygian evolution. To gain further insights into this fish species we studied its genome size, GC% and 5mC level. The genome size and the GC% of the Indonesian coelacanth seem to be very similar to those of the African coelacanth. Moreover the GC%, the CpG frequency and the 5mC level of L. menadoensis are more similar to those of fish and amphibians than to those of mammals, birds and reptiles and this is in line with the hypothesis that two different DNA methylation and CpG shortage equilibria arose during vertebrate evolution. Our results suggest that the genome of L. menadoensis has remained unchanged for several million years, maybe since the origin of the lineage which from lobe-finned fish led to tetrapods. These data fit a conservative evolutionary landscape and suggest that the genome of the extant crossopterygians may be a sort of evolutionarily frozen genome.

  14. Pornography consumption and non-marital sexual behaviour in a sample of young Indonesian university students.

    PubMed

    Hald, Gert Martin; Mulya, Teguh Wijaya

    2013-01-01

    Using a sample of Indonesian university students and a cross sectional design, this study investigated prevalence rates and patterns of pornography consumption in Indonesia, a religious, sexually conservative, Muslim-majority nation with strict anti-pornography laws. Further, the association between pornography consumption and common non-marital sexual behaviours was explored. The study found that in this sample, pornography is as widely and readily consumed as in comparable international studies predominantly utilising Western background samples from more sexually liberal and less religious countries with very few laws on pornography. Gender differences in patterns of pornography consumption were pronounced and comparable with findings in international counterpart studies. For men only, pornography consumption was found to significantly predict common sexual behaviours in non-marital relations. The study is the first to provide insights into prevalence rates and patterns of pornography consumption and its association with common non-marital sexual behaviours in a sexually conservative, Muslim-majority nation with strict anti-pornography laws.

  15. Identification of Elaiophylin Skeletal Variants from the Indonesian Streptomyces sp. ICBB 9297.

    PubMed

    Sheng, Yan; Lam, Phillip W; Shahab, Salmah; Santosa, Dwi Andreas; Proteau, Philip J; Zabriskie, T Mark; Mahmud, Taifo

    2015-11-25

    Four new elaiophylin macrolides (1-4), together with five known elaiophylins (5-9), have been isolated from cultures of the Indonesian soil bacterium Streptomyces sp. ICBB 9297. The new compounds have macrocyclic skeletons distinct from those of the known dimeric elaiophylins in that one or both of the polyketide chains contain(s) an additional pendant methyl group. Further investigations revealed that 1 and 2 were derived from 3 and 4, respectively, during isolation processes. Compounds 1-3 showed comparable antibacterial activity to elaiophylin against Staphylococcus aureus. However, interestingly, only compounds 1 and 3, which contain a pendant methyl group at C-2, showed activity against Mycobacterium smegmatis, whereas compound 2, which has two pendant methyl groups at C-2 and C-2', and the known elaiophylin analogues (5-7), which lack pendant methyl groups at C-2 and/or C-2', showed no activity. The production of 3 and 4 in strain ICBB 9297 indicates that one of the acyltransferase (AT) domains in the elaiophylin polyketide synthases (PKSs) can recruit both malonyl-CoA and methylmalonyl-CoA as substrates. Bioinformatic analysis of the AT domains of the elaiophylin PKSs revealed that the ela_AT7 domain contains atypical active site amino acid residues, distinct from those conserved in malonyl-CoA- or methylmalonyl-CoA-specific ATs.

  16. The Contribution of the Mesoscale Convective Complexes (MCCs) to total rainfall over Indonesian Maritime Continent

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trismidianto; Yulihastin, E.; Satyawardhana, H.; Nugroho, J. T.; Ishida, S.

    2017-01-01

    The MCCs contribution is expressed as the ratio of MCCs precipitation to the total rainfall at each grid point where MCCs identified by using infrared satellite imagery. The rainfall obtained from the Real-Time Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission’s (TRMM) data. This study found that MCCs contribute to total rainfall during 15-years over Indonesian Maritime Continent up to 20% where the greatest contribution concentrated over Central Kalimantan, South China Sea, Indian Ocean and Papua Island. The contribution of the MCCs is slightly increased in seasonally and monthly up to 24% and 30%, respectively. The greatest contribution is more existence over continent than the ocean in each season and month, except in July. The greatest contribution of the oceanic MCC concentrated in the Indian Ocean almost in each season and month. The contribution of the MCCs over Java Island is almost small in each season and month, but the contribution a slight increase during JJA. The MCC not only contribute to rainfall in the MCC area but the MCC give a contribution to its surrounding area. The frequency distribution of MCCs contribution to the total rainfall is very similar and consistent with the geographic distribution of the MCCs over the IMC during 15-years.

  17. A Stalagmite record of Holocene Indonesian-Australian summer monsoon variability from the Australian tropics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denniston, Rhawn F.; Wyrwoll, Karl-Heinz; Polyak, Victor J.; Brown, Josephine R.; Asmerom, Yemane; Wanamaker, Alan D.; LaPointe, Zachary; Ellerbroek, Rebecca; Barthelmes, Michael; Cleary, Daniel; Cugley, John; Woods, David; Humphreys, William F.

    2013-10-01

    Oxygen isotopic data from a suite of calcite and aragonite stalagmites from cave KNI-51, located in the eastern Kimberley region of tropical Western Australia, represent the first absolute-dated, high-resolution speleothem record of the Holocene Indonesian-Australian summer monsoon (IASM) from the Australian tropics. Stalagmite oxygen isotopic values track monsoon intensity via amount effects in precipitation and reveal a dynamic Holocene IASM which strengthened in the early Holocene, decreased in strength by 4 ka, with a further decrease from ˜2 to 1 ka, before strengthening again at 1 ka to years to levels similar to those between 4 and 2 ka. The relationships between the KNI-51 IASM reconstruction and those from published speleothem time series from Flores and Borneo, in combination with other data sets, appear largely inconsistent with changes in the position and/or organization of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Instead, we argue that the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) may have played a dominant role in driving IASM variability since at least the middle Holocene. Given the muted modern monsoon rainfall responses to most El Niño events in the Kimberley, an impact of ENSO on regional monsoon precipitation over northwestern Australia would suggest non-stationarity in the long-term relationship between ENSO forcing and IASM rainfall, possibly due to changes in the mean state of the tropical Pacific over the Holocene.

  18. Indonesian adolescents' spiritual and religious experiences and their longitudinal relations with socioemotional functioning.

    PubMed

    Sallquist, Julie; Eisenberg, Nancy; French, Doran C; Purwono, Urip; Suryanti, Telie A

    2010-05-01

    The spirituality and religiosity of Indonesian Muslim adolescents were examined longitudinally as were the relations of spirituality and religiosity with (mal)adjustment. At Time 1 (T1), 959 seventh-grade Muslim adolescents were screened for selection of a sample; at Time 2 (T2), 183 eighth-grade adolescents participated; and at Time 3 (T3), 300 ninth-grade adolescents (164 new participants) participated. At T1, adolescents' peer likeability was assessed; at T2, adolescents' global and cognitive esteem were measured; and at T2 and T3, adolescents' (mal)adjustment, spirituality, and religiosity were assessed. Adolescents and parents rated aspects of (mal)adjustment, spirituality, and religiosity. Teachers also rated adolescents' (mal)adjustment. In general, we found that T2 spirituality and religiosity were positively related to T3 adjustment and negatively related to T3 maladjustment, although in panel models, support for prediction of outcomes from spirituality and religiosity was found only for loneliness and socially appropriate behavior. In addition, there was some evidence in the models that certain aspects of (mal)adjustment (self-esteem and social competence, and to a marginal degree, parent-rated internalizing problems and teacher-rated prosociality) predicted spirituality and religiosity longitudinally.

  19. Diapycnal mixing in the Banda Sea: Results of the first microstructure measurements in the Indonesian Throughflow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alford, Matthew H.; Gregg, Michael C.; Ilyas, Muhammed

    Models involving basin-averaged T/S properties [Ffield and Gordon, 1992; Hautala et al., 1996] and barotropic/baroclinic tidal energy conversion [Sjöberg and Stigebrandt, 1992] suggest that the Indonesian archipelago is a site of active mixing. This paper describes the first microstructure measurements made in the region. Aboard the R/V Baruna Jaya IV, we repeated 18 km legs centered on (6.5°S, 128°E), in the central Banda Sea, for two weeks during Oct/Nov 1998. With the Modular Microstructure Profiler, we gathered 519 profiles of potential temperature, salinity, potential density, pressure and kinetic energy dissipation rate. The cruise-mean diapycnal diffusivity from 20-300 m is Kρ¯=(9.2±0.55)×10-6m2s-1, similar to “open ocean” [Garrett and Munk, 1975] values (Kρ = 5.1 × 10-6 m²s-1), and an order of magnitude below basin- and time-averaged values obtained from the Ffield and Gordon [1992] and Hautala et al. [1996] models (Kρ ≥ 1 × 10-4 m²s-1). Sea-surface temperature displays some evidence of a fortnightly modulation, interpreted by Ffield and Gordon [1996] as evidence for tidal mixing, but is uncorrelated with the dissipation rate just below the mixed layer.

  20. A sensitivity simulation of tropospheric ozone changes due to the 1997 Indonesian fire emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hauglustaine, D. A.; Brasseur, G. P.; Levine, J. S.

    A global chemical transport model, called MOZART, is used to investigate the photochemical impact of the 1997 Indonesian fires on tropospheric ozone and its precursors in the tropics. Due to the high release of carbon monoxide by peat fires, CO increases by up to 1000 ppbv in the free troposphere over Indonesia. As a consequence of increased photochemical production, ozone is significantly perturbed over source regions (Sumatra and Kalimantan). The tropospheric O3 column increases by 20-25 DU and the ozone mixing ratio reaches 50 ppbv in the mid-troposphere in November. South of the source region, low ozone mixing ratios of 20-25 ppbv are calculated in the boundary layer due to marine air influence and reduced photochemical activity in presence of biomass burning aerosols. The particular transport regime prevailing during the 1997 El Niño event is not considered in our calculations. This limitation precludes any definitive conclusion regarding the relative role played by photochemistry and transport processes on the distribution of species during the 1997 fires.