Science.gov

Sample records for induced bygyrodactylus salaris

  1. Salaries of Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Statistics Quarterly, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Examines changes in teacher salaries from 1971 to 1998 among teachers in different age groups. Also compares teacher salaries with the salaries of all bachelor's degree recipients. The annual median salaries (in constant 1998 dollars) of full-time teachers decreased between 1971 and 1998 by about $500-$700 per year on average in each age group.…

  2. Summer Staff Salaries Studied.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Karla; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Reports 1987 camp staff salaries, based on survey of 500 randomly selected camps. Analyzes average weekly and seasonal salaries according to staff position and number of camps with position. Staff salaries are consistent nationally with private independent camps paying higher salaries for some positions than agency or church camps. (CS)

  3. Salaries in histology.

    PubMed

    Buesa, René J

    2008-04-01

    An analysis of histology salaries from the last 4 national surveys conducted by the American Society of Clinical Pathologists is presented. The regional variations within and between years for histology salaries presented in the last 4 national surveys of medical laboratory specialties are not statistically significant. Local variations greater than the national variations reflect the preponderant effect of local supply and demand over regional characteristics. Salaries by hospitals are significantly different only between 2 size categories and the supervisors' salary. There is no correlation between the salary increase for any histology position in any one year and the vacancy level in the previous year. On the other hand, the correlation between histotechnicians' salaries and both the cost of living and the median income are significant, as well as between the latter and the supervisors' salary. The histotechnologists' salaries are significantly correlated with the consumer price index but not with the inflation rate. A survey of histology salaries in foreign countries was also undertaken and compared with salaries in the United States. National salaries rank close to the general average for 10 foreign countries when expressed as ratios with the personal gross domestic product or with the countries' minimum wage. For the midpoint salary ranges, the United States ranks fourth after Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia, the latter 3 countries with structured pay rates adjusted to local costs of living in contrast with United States' salary characteristics. Histology salaries rest on negotiations within each employer's salary structure and fluctuate according to license level, documented studies, special training(s), years of experience, references, and the ability to negotiate, where each side tries to take advantage of the other. The result is a heterogeneous and chaotic salary situation driven by personal and local needs, where the histology worker usually

  4. Focus on Teacher Salaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines, Gale F.

    This report presents teacher salary data from the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB). There is a gap between SREB states' average teacher salaries and the national average. Over the last 5 years, SREB teacher salaries increased by an average of 14.4 percent; the national increase was nearly 2 percentage points lower. Georgia and North…

  5. Faculty Salaries in Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hexter, Holly

    1990-01-01

    This research brief highlights data on faculty salaries in colleges and universities, outlines recent trends and their implications, and identifies major sources of data on the subject. Tables provide data on average faculty salaries for 1988-89 by academic rank and institution type (public, church, independent); by gender and academic rank; and…

  6. Provider-Induced Demand in the Treatment of Carotid Artery Stenosis: Variation in Treatment Decisions Between Private Sector Fee-for-Service vs Salary-Based Military Physicians.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Louis L; Smith, Ann D; Scully, Rebecca E; Jiang, Wei; Learn, Peter A; Lipsitz, Stuart R; Weissman, Joel S; Helmchen, Lorens A; Koehlmoos, Tracey; Hoburg, Andrew; Kimsey, Linda G

    2017-06-01

    Although many factors influence the management of carotid artery stenosis, it is not well understood whether a preference toward procedural management exists when procedural volume and physician compensation are linked in the fee-for-service environment. To explore evidence for provider-induced demand in the management of carotid artery stenosis. The Department of Defense Military Health System Data Repository was queried for individuals diagnosed with carotid artery stenosis between October 1, 2006, and September 30, 2010. A hierarchical multivariable model evaluated the association of the treatment system (fee-for-service physicians in the private sector vs salary-based military physicians) with the odds of procedural intervention (carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery stenting) compared with medical management. Subanalysis was performed by symptom status at the time of presentation. The association of treatment system and of management strategy with clinical outcomes, including stroke and death, was also evaluated. Data analysis was conducted from August 15, 2015, to August 2, 2016. The odds of procedural intervention based on treatment system was the primary outcome used to indicate the presence and effect of provider-induced demand. Of 10 579 individuals with a diagnosis of carotid artery stenosis (4615 women and 5964 men; mean [SD] age, 65.6 [11.4] years), 1307 (12.4%) underwent at least 1 procedure. After adjusting for demographic and clinical factors, the odds of undergoing procedural management were significantly higher for patients in the fee-for-service system compared with those in the salary-based setting (odds ratio, 1.629; 95% CI, 1.285-2.063; P < .001). This finding remained true when patients were stratified by symptom status at presentation (symptomatic: odds ratio, 2.074; 95% CI, 1.302-3.303; P = .002; and asymptomatic: odds ratio, 1.534; 95% CI, 1.186-1.984; P = .001). Individuals treated in a fee-for-service system were

  7. Principals' Salaries, 2005-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Alicia R.

    2006-01-01

    How do salaries of elementary and middle school principals compare with those of other administrators and classroom teachers? Are increases in salaries of principals keeping pace with increases in salaries of classroom teachers? How have principals' salaries fared over the years when the cost of living is taken into account? To provide answers to…

  8. Principals' Salaries, 2006-2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooke, Willa D.; Licciardi, Chris

    2007-01-01

    How do salaries of elementary and middle school principals compare with those of other administrators and classroom teachers? Are increases in salaries of principals keeping pace with increases in salaries of classroom teachers? And how have principals' salaries fared over the years when the cost of living is taken into account? This article…

  9. FY 89 Faculty Salary Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ott, Mary Diederich

    The University of Maryland at College Park is committed to ensuring that faculty salaries are based solely upon the contributions and accomplishments of the individual faculty members. The relationship between male and female faculty salaries is carefully monitored. The 1989 female faculty salary reviews (done in relation to the salaries of…

  10. Principals' Salaries, 2007-2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooke, Willa D.; Licciardi, Chris

    2008-01-01

    How do salaries of elementary and middle school principals compare with those of other administrators and classroom teachers? Are increases in salaries of principals keeping pace with increases in salaries of classroom teachers? And how have principals' salaries fared over the years when the cost of living is taken into account? There are reliable…

  11. Salary Survey: Chemists' Salaries Move Higher This Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Presents in tabular form chemists' salaries. Reviews salaries of chemists with B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees, chemical engineers, college faculty, industrial chemists, women, and employment status of chemists surveyed. Indicates relatively low unemployment and that medial salary for chemists has increased 11% between March 1980 and March 1981. (JN)

  12. State of salaries.

    PubMed

    Lloyd, Philippa

    2016-11-02

    When you start as a band 5 nurse you need to live in a cheap flat-share. But many nurses are mature students with families to support. The issue is the cost of housing in cities, not the salaries of staff.

  13. Negotiating Salaries, Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Service Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This volume discusses specific strategy and tactics that can be employed in the effort to reach an agreement on salaries at the bargaining table. Although strategies and situations may vary from case to case, this report focuses on those principles and approaches that are essential to any good bargaining procedure. The discussion covers public vs.…

  14. 1987 Salaries: Society Membership Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kellman, Dawn; Skelton, W. Keith

    Nationwide data are provided on the 1987 salaries of members of each of the American Institute of Physics' 10 member societies. Of the approximately 13,600 society members who were mailed a questionnaire, 61% responded. Data are presented by: degree level, type of employer, gender, salaries for PhDs by geographic location, PhD salaries by…

  15. SLA Triennial Salary Survey, 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Special Libraries Association, Washington, DC.

    The objectives of the 8th triennial salary survey of Special Library Association (SLA) members were to: (1) obtain systematic accurate information about the salaries of special librarians and information personnel; (2) establish a data bank from which inquiries about salaries can be answered for members of the SLA, persons engaged in personnel and…

  16. Salary Study, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feagans, Laura

    This report details a study of trends in the salaries of Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and other personnel at member agencies of the Child Welfare League of America (CWLA). Responding to the study's mail survey were 437 out of 977 CEOs (44.7 percent) and 337 out of 825 CWLA member agencies (40.8 percent). The bulk of the report is comprised of…

  17. Stereotype threat in salary negotiations is mediated by reservation salary.

    PubMed

    Tellhed, Una; Björklund, Fredrik

    2011-04-01

    Women are stereotypically perceived as worse negotiators than men, which may make them ask for less salary than men when under stereotype threat (Kray et al., 2001). However, the mechanisms of stereotype threat are not yet properly understood. The current study investigated whether stereotype threat effects in salary negotiations can be explained by motivational factors. A total of 116 business students negotiated salary with a confederate and were either told that this was diagnostic of negotiating ability (threat manipulation) or not. Measures of minimum (reservation) and ideal (aspiration) salary goals and regulatory focus were collected. The finding (Kray et al., 2001) that women make lower salary requests than men when under stereotype threat was replicated. Women in the threat condition further reported lower aspiration salary, marginally significantly lower reservation salary and less eagerness/more vigilance than men. Reservation salary mediated the stereotype threat effect, and there was a trend for regulatory focus to mediate the effect. Thus, reservation salary partly explains why women ask for less salary than men under stereotype threat. Female negotiators may benefit from learning that stereotype threat causes sex-differences in motivation. © 2010 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology © 2010 The Scandinavian Psychological Associations.

  18. Placements & Salaries Survey 2010: Stagnant Salaries, Rising Unemployment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maatta, Stephanie L.

    2010-01-01

    "Library Journal's annual Placements & Salaries Survey, with 1,996 respondents representing 38.7% of the approximately 5160 2009 LIS graduates, found an uptick in starting salaries, but bigger bumps in part-time and temporary jobs, an expanding gender gap, setbacks for minority graduates, and a drop in the number of total graduates. On the up…

  19. Salary Compression in the Association of Research Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seaman, Scott

    2005-01-01

    Using salary data from the "ARL Annual Salary Survey," this paper analyzes 2003-2004 salary data for evidence of salary compression. It reviews the concept of salary compression to explain its relationship to market salary rates and salary dispersion within an organization. The analysis utilizes comparison ratios between salaries and years of…

  20. Finance salaries. Account the cost.

    PubMed

    Robling, Andy

    2003-02-06

    Post-qualification salaries have increased by 4-7 per cent, a slowdown on last year's figures when increases were often more than 10 per cent. The highest increases this year tended to be in medium-sized trusts where newly qualified accountants' salaries rose 8.2 per cent. Directors of finance in large trusts earn about 20 per cent more than in medium trusts and about 40 per cent more than in small ones. Newly qualified accountants in large trusts earn 5 per cent more than in medium-sized trusts and 13 per cent more than in small ones. The survey is based on an analysis of salaries from Hays' jobs database, and salaries of registered candidates.

  1. 7 CFR 400.129 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Salary offset. 400.129 Section 400.129 Agriculture... Years § 400.129 Salary offset. (a) Debt collection by salary offset is feasible if: the cost to the Government of collection by salary offset does not exceed the amount of the debt; there are no legal...

  2. Sex Segregation and Salary Structure in Academia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Mary Frank

    1981-01-01

    Do high proportions of women depress men's salary levels in academic departments? Are women's salary levels higher in male-dominated departments? Are men salary-compensated for working with women? This study demonstrated instead that the sex-salary relationship rests upon the connection between department composition and sex-related achievement…

  3. Head Start Salaries: 1989-90 Staff Salary Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Raymond C.

    A nationwide survey was conducted to determine the staff salaries of local Head Start programs during the first 2 months of 1990. Survey questions elicited: (1) background data on the Head Start agency, such as type of program, enrollment, budget, and number of staff; (2) information on the education component, including number of teachers, length…

  4. Projection of Teachers' Salaries for Contract Negotiations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ott, Jack P.

    1982-01-01

    Lists and explains a computer program written in BASIC which calculates teacher salaries using a salary index. Modification of this payroll program is suggested as a student project in schools which teach computer programing. (JJD)

  5. Placements and Salaries 1979: Wider Horizons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learmont, Carol L.

    1980-01-01

    Reports placements and salaries of graduates of ALA-accredited library school programs. Salaries and opportunities appear to be strongest in the category of "Other Libraries and Library Agencies." (RAA)

  6. ALA Salary Survey: Personal Members

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Libraries, 1971

    1971-01-01

    A survey of the members of the American Library Association revealed that the principal salary determinants are academic degree, type of employer and sex. The obvious differences in the earnings of men and women is not only found in the early experience years but any narrowing which does take place in the wage gap seems to take place at the…

  7. Moral Orientation, Gender, and Salary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Roger W.

    A study examined the relationship among gender, moral orientation, and pay. Although the participants were about equal in terms of gender, 48 males and 53 females, males tended to hold higher degrees. The researcher hypothesized that salaries would be differentiated based on gender and moral orientation. Assumptions were that care-oriented males…

  8. Education Quality and Teacher Salary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Land, Arthur J.

    In view of the emphasis on money as a motivator mentioned in reports examining theoretical notions about teacher motivation, this paper focuses on the efficacy of using salary to attract quality teacher candidates. Although standarized testing and internship programs often supplement inadequate certification requirements, critics question the…

  9. Focus on Teacher Salaries: What Teacher Salary Averages Don't Show.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines, Gale

    Traditional comparisons of teacher salary averages fail to consider factors beyond pay raises that affect those averages. Salary averages do not show: regional and national variations among states' average salaries; the variation of salaries within an individual state; variations in the cost of living; the highest degree earned by teachers and the…

  10. 5 CFR 9901.312 - Maximum rates of base salary and adjusted salary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maximum rates of base salary and adjusted salary. 9901.312 Section 9901.312 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HUMAN RESOURCES....312 Maximum rates of base salary and adjusted salary. (a) Subject to § 9901.105, the Secretary may...

  11. Withering Heights: 21st Annual Salary Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schettler, Joel

    2002-01-01

    This report on an annual salary survey of trainers shows that, although training professionals' base salaries increased 7.1 percent over last year, their raises (3.9 percent) were not equal to those of the general public (4.5 percent). Tables depict salaries by region, gender, job category, industry, gross sales/assets, education, and experience.…

  12. 12 CFR 313.55 - Salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Salary adjustments. 313.55 Section 313.55 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE PROCEDURES FOR CORPORATE DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 313.55 Salary adjustments. Any negative adjustment to pay arising...

  13. 28 CFR 11.7 - Salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Salary adjustments. 11.7 Section 11.7 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEBT COLLECTION Administration of Debt Collection § 11.7 Salary adjustments. The following debts shall not be subject to the salary offset procedures of § 11.8...

  14. The Madness of Weighted Mean Faculty Salaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Micceri, Theodore

    2009-01-01

    Higher education frequently uses weighted mean faculty salaries to compare either across institutions, or to evaluate an institution's salary growth over time. Unfortunately, faculty salaries are an extraordinarily complex phenomenon that cannot be legitimately reduced to a single number any more than the academic construct of skills, knowledge,…

  15. ARL Annual Salary Survey 2005-06

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp.; Young, Mark, Comp.

    2006-01-01

    The "ARL Annual Salary Survey 2005-06" reports salary data for all professional staff working in Association of Research Libraries (ARL) libraries. It is the most comprehensive and thorough guide to current salaries in large U.S. and Canadian academic and research libraries, and is a valuable management and research tool. Data for 9,655…

  16. ARL Annual Salary Survey 2003-04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp.; Young, Mark, Comp.

    2004-01-01

    The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) Annual Salary Survey 2003-04 reports salary data for all professional staff working in Association of Research Libraries (ARL) libraries. It is the most comprehensive and thorough guide to current salaries in large U.S. and Canadian academic and research libraries, and is a valuable management and…

  17. ARL Annual Salary Survey 2007-2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp; Young, Mar, Comp.; Barber, Jason, Comp.

    2008-01-01

    The "ARL Annual Salary Survey 2007-2008" reports salary data for all professional staff working in Association of Research Libraries (ARL) libraries. It is the most comprehensive and thorough guide to current salaries in large U.S. and Canadian academic and research libraries, and is a valuable management and research tool. Data for 9,983…

  18. Predictors of Accounting Salaries: A Comparison of Bachelor Degree Graduate Salaries with Associate Degree Graduate Salaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tickell, Geoffrey

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on an investigation comparing the employment salary of bachelor degree in accounting graduates with associate degree in accounting graduates two years after their graduation. Using hierarchical regression analyses, this study shows the predictive strength of participants' academic qualifications, age, gender, GPA, professional…

  19. Ninth Triennial Toxicology Salary Survey.

    PubMed

    Gad, Shayne Cox; Sullivan, Dexter Wayne

    2016-01-01

    This survey serves as the ninth in a series of toxicology salary surveys conducted at 3-year intervals and beginning in 1988. An electronic survey instrument was distributed to 5919 individuals including members of the Society of Toxicology, American College of Toxicology, and 23 additional professional organizations. Question items inquired about gender, age, degree, years of experience, certifications held, areas of specialization, society membership, employment and income. Overall, 1293 responses were received (response rate 21.8%). The results of the 2014 survey provide insight into the job market and career path for current and future toxicologists. © The Author(s) 2016.

  20. Eighth triennial toxicology salary survey.

    PubMed

    Gad, Shayne Cox; Sullivan, Dexter Wayne

    2013-01-01

    This survey serves as the eighth in a series of toxicology salary surveys conducted at 3-year intervals and beginning in 1988. An electronic survey instrument was distributed to 5800 individuals including members of the Society of Toxicology, American College of Toxicology, and 23 additional professional organizations. Question items inquired about gender, age, degree, years of experience, certifications held, areas of specialization, society membership, employment and income. Overall, 2057 responses were received (response rate 35.5%). The results of the 2012 survey provide insight into the job market and career path for current and future toxicologists.

  1. 5 CFR 1639.27 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1639.27... Salary Offset § 1639.27 Procedures for salary offset. (a) The Board will coordinate salary deductions... pay and will implement the salary offset. (c) Deductions will begin within three official pay periods...

  2. Salary Equity: Detecting Sex Bias in Salaries among College and University Professors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pezzullo, Thomas R., Ed.; Brittingham, Barbara E., Ed.

    Sex bias in college faculty salaries is examined in this book. Part 1 contains the following four chapters on the use of multiple regression to detect and estimate sex bias in salaries: "The Assessment of Salary Equity: A Methodology, Alternatives, and a Dilemma" (Thomas R. Pezzullo and Barbara E. Brittingham); "Detection of Sex-Related Salary…

  3. Managing Salary Equity. AIR Forum 1981 Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prather, James E.; Posey, Ellen I.

    Technical considerations in the development of a salary equity model based upon regression analysis are reviewed, and a simplified salary prediction equation is examined. Application and communication of the results of the analysis within the existing operational context of a postsecondary institution are also addressed. The literature is…

  4. 28 CFR 11.8 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... office of the salary offset coordination official within 15 days after the employee's receipt of the... offset coordination officer will notify the employee of the location and time when the employee may... records, due to geographical or other constraints, the salary offset coordination officer shall arrange to...

  5. 28 CFR 11.8 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... office of the salary offset coordination official within 15 days after the employee's receipt of the... offset coordination officer will notify the employee of the location and time when the employee may... records, due to geographical or other constraints, the salary offset coordination officer shall arrange to...

  6. 28 CFR 11.8 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... office of the salary offset coordination official within 15 days after the employee's receipt of the... offset coordination officer will notify the employee of the location and time when the employee may... records, due to geographical or other constraints, the salary offset coordination officer shall arrange to...

  7. 28 CFR 11.8 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... office of the salary offset coordination official within 15 days after the employee's receipt of the... offset coordination officer will notify the employee of the location and time when the employee may... records, due to geographical or other constraints, the salary offset coordination officer shall arrange to...

  8. 29 CFR 541.602 - Salary basis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... salary for time actually worked. For example, if an employee who normally works 40 hours per week uses... exempt employee must receive the full salary for any week in which the employee performs any work without... due for that particular week without loss of the exemption. (4) Deductions from pay of exempt...

  9. 19 CFR 201.205 - Salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Salary adjustments. 201.205 Section 201.205 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.205 Salary adjustments. Any negative adjustment to pay arising out of an employee's election...

  10. 19 CFR 201.204 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Salary offset. 201.204 Section 201.204 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.204 Salary offset. (a) Notice requirements before offset where the Commission is the creditor...

  11. 19 CFR 201.205 - Salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Salary adjustments. 201.205 Section 201.205 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.205 Salary adjustments. Any negative adjustment to pay arising out of an employee's election...

  12. 19 CFR 201.204 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Salary offset. 201.204 Section 201.204 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.204 Salary offset. (a) Notice requirements before offset where the Commission is the creditor...

  13. 19 CFR 201.204 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Salary offset. 201.204 Section 201.204 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.204 Salary offset. (a) Notice requirements before offset where the Commission is the creditor...

  14. 19 CFR 201.205 - Salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Salary adjustments. 201.205 Section 201.205 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.205 Salary adjustments. Any negative adjustment to pay arising out of an employee's election...

  15. 19 CFR 201.205 - Salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Salary adjustments. 201.205 Section 201.205 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.205 Salary adjustments. Any negative adjustment to pay arising out of an employee's election...

  16. 19 CFR 201.204 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Salary offset. 201.204 Section 201.204 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.204 Salary offset. (a) Notice requirements before offset where the Commission is the creditor...

  17. 19 CFR 201.205 - Salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Salary adjustments. 201.205 Section 201.205 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.205 Salary adjustments. Any negative adjustment to pay arising out of an employee's election...

  18. A Salary Recession for School Administrators?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schachter, Ron

    2010-01-01

    Almost every day, it seems, school districts coping with budget shortfalls are announcing freezes or cuts to administrative salaries and benefits as part of the solution, a trend that began during the past school year and is becoming more prevalent around the country. Salaries, which account for more than 70 percent of some school budgets, have…

  19. Opportunities and Pitfalls in Faculty Salary Comparisons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cliff, Rosemary

    The benefits and problems of comparing faculty salaries are evaluated. The primary source of information for this evaluation is the American Association of University Professors' (AAUP's) summer Bulletin. The problems listed include: (1) institutional variations in the methodology of data collection; (2) the conversion of 12-month salaries to a…

  20. 29 CFR 548.301 - Salaried employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... then be computed by dividing the $154 salary by 11 working days of 8 hours each, or 88 hours. The basic... the salary of $154 by 80 working hours, or 10 days of 8 hours each. The basic rate would therefore be... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS...

  1. The Computer-Job Salary Picture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basta, Nicholas

    1987-01-01

    Discusses starting salaries for graduates with various degrees in computer science and electrical engineering. Summarizes the results of a recent study by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) which provides salary estimates for graduates in different specialties and in different geographical locations. (TW)

  2. Medical School Salary Study, 1971-72.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

    The Association of American Medical Colleges presents the results of their Annual Salary Questionnaire for medical school faculties for the fiscal year 1971-72. Ninety-five schools submitted returns and salaries of 4,930 basic scientists and 11,941 clinical scientists are reported in the survey. The areas covered include strict full-time faculty…

  3. Medical School Salary Study, 1970-71.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

    The Association of American Medical Colleges conducted a survey by means of a questionnaire in 1970-71 to determine the salaries of medical school faculties. Ninety-three schools submitted returns; salaries for 4,366 basic scientists and 12,701 clinical scientists are reported. The areas covered include strict full-time faculty by department, and…

  4. Medical School Salary Study, 1972-73.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC.

    The Association of American Medical Colleges presents the results of their Annual Salary Questionnaire for medical school faculties for the fiscal year 1972-73. One hundred five schools submitted returns and salaries of 4,925 basic scientists and 11,567 clinical scientists are reported in the survey. The areas covered include strict full-time…

  5. ARL Annual Salary Survey, 2009-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp.; Bland, Les, Comp.

    2010-01-01

    The "ARL Annual Salary Survey 2009-2010" reports salary data for all professional staff working in ARL libraries. The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) represents the interests of libraries that serve major North American research institutions. Data for 10,207 professional staff members were reported this year for the 114 ARL…

  6. ARL Annual Salary Survey, 2008-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp.; Bland, Les, Comp.

    2009-01-01

    The "ARL Annual Salary Survey, 2008-2009" reports salary data for all professional staff working in ARL libraries. The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) represents the interests of libraries that serve major North American research institutions. Data for 10,148 professional staff members were reported this year for the 113 ARL…

  7. 31 CFR 285.7 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements of the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988, 5 U.S.C. 552a, as amended, for... known as centralized salary offset computer matching, identify Federal employees who owe delinquent nontax debt to the United States. Centralized salary offset computer matching is the computerized...

  8. 31 CFR 285.7 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Secretary, has waived certain requirements of the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988, 5 U... process known as centralized salary offset computer matching, identify Federal employees who owe delinquent nontax debt to the United States. Centralized salary offset computer matching is the computerized...

  9. 31 CFR 285.7 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... requirements of the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988, 5 U.S.C. 552a, as amended, for... known as centralized salary offset computer matching, identify Federal employees who owe delinquent nontax debt to the United States. Centralized salary offset computer matching is the computerized...

  10. 31 CFR 285.7 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... requirements of the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988, 5 U.S.C. 552a, as amended, for... known as centralized salary offset computer matching, identify Federal employees who owe delinquent nontax debt to the United States. Centralized salary offset computer matching is the computerized...

  11. 31 CFR 285.7 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... requirements of the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988, 5 U.S.C. 552a, as amended, for... known as centralized salary offset computer matching, identify Federal employees who owe delinquent nontax debt to the United States. Centralized salary offset computer matching is the computerized...

  12. State Teacher Salary Schedules. Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffith, Michael

    2016-01-01

    In the United States most teacher compensation issues are decided at the school district level. However, a group of states have chosen to play a role in teacher pay decisions by instituting statewide teacher salary schedules. Education Commission of the States has found that 17 states currently make use of teacher salary schedules. This education…

  13. Analyzing Faculty Salaries When Statistics Fail.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, William A.

    The role played by nonstatistical procedures, in contrast to multivariant statistical approaches, in analyzing faculty salaries is discussed. Multivariant statistical methods are usually used to establish or defend against prima facia cases of gender and ethnic discrimination with respect to faculty salaries. These techniques are not applicable,…

  14. A salaried compensation model for postanesthesia nurses.

    PubMed

    Mushala, M E; Henderson, M A

    1995-08-01

    Health care organizations involved in innovative and creative work redesign projects may find traditional pay structures inadequate to meet the needs of the changing environment. The idea of salaried compensation for registered nurses is not unprecedented. However, few salaried compensation models for nurses are described in the literature. This article presents a model that we believe will be of particular interest to nurses in PACUs, because its design allows for adequate call coverage plus flexibility in scheduling. In addition, this compensation model eliminates incidental overtime, thus allowing for a more predictable salary budget.

  15. Geoscience salaries up by 10.8%

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, Peter M.

    According to a recent salary survey of over 4000 scientists in all fields by Research and Development (March 1984) geoscientists ranked fourth place for 1984. Mathematics, aeronautical engineering, and metallurgy had higher median salaries, but the discipline of geoscience had a higher median salary than that of physics, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, ceramics, chemistry, industrial engineering, biology, and other fields of research and development. The 1984 median salary for geoscientists was $40,950, up from the median value by 10.8%. In 1983, geoscience was ranked in ninth place.The geoscientist profile for 1984 was not unusual. The median age was 47.5 years, and the median years of experience was 18. Geoscientists are the best educated. Eighty-two percent of the geoscientists polled had advanced degrees beyond the bachelor's degree. Fifty-six percent of the geoscientists had the Ph.D. degree.

  16. 29 CFR 541.602 - Salary basis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... written policy prohibiting sexual harassment. Similarly, an employer may suspend an exempt employee... violence. (6) An employer is not required to pay the full salary in the initial or terminal week of...

  17. 29 CFR 541.602 - Salary basis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... written policy prohibiting sexual harassment. Similarly, an employer may suspend an exempt employee... violence. (6) An employer is not required to pay the full salary in the initial or terminal week of...

  18. 29 CFR 541.602 - Salary basis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... written policy prohibiting sexual harassment. Similarly, an employer may suspend an exempt employee... violence. (6) An employer is not required to pay the full salary in the initial or terminal week of...

  19. Salaries of Head Coaches Are Rising, Survey Shows.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naughton, Jim

    1998-01-01

    Salaries of head coaches in college sports are rising, but a large salary gap remains between coaches of men's and women's teams. In a national ranking of institutions by salary averages, men's coaches at the median institution made 43% more than women's coaches. Some institutions provide more salary equity than others. The Justice Department is…

  20. 41 CFR 105-56.018 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Salary offset. 105-56... Administration 56-SALARY OFFSET FOR INDEBTEDNESS OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES TO THE UNITED STATES Centralized Salary Offset (CSO) Procedures-GSA as Creditor Agency § 105-56.018 Salary offset. When a match occurs and all...

  1. 45 CFR 708.10 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 708.10 Section 708... COLLECTION BY SALARY OFFSET FROM INDEBTED CURRENT AND FORMER EMPLOYEES § 708.10 Procedures for salary offset... to final salary payment, retired pay, or lump sum leave, etc. as of the date of separation to the...

  2. 41 CFR 105-56.028 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Salary offset. 105-56... Administration 56-SALARY OFFSET FOR INDEBTEDNESS OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES TO THE UNITED STATES Centralized Salary Offset (CSO) Procedures-GSA as Paying Agency § 105-56.028 Salary offset. When a match occurs and all...

  3. 22 CFR 1007.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Procedures for salary offset. 1007.8 Section 1007.8 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.8 Procedures for salary offset... final salary or leave payments in accordance with 31 U.S.C. 3716. ...

  4. 5 CFR 1215.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1215.8... MANAGEMENT Salary Offset § 1215.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's... payment due to a separated employee including but not limited to final salary payment or leave in...

  5. 12 CFR 608.839 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 608.839 Section... OWED THE UNITED STATES Offset Against Salary § 608.839 Procedures for salary offset. (a) The Chairman... Intent to Collect by Salary Offset. (c)(1) If the amount of the debt is equal to or is less than 15...

  6. 5 CFR 179.211 - Notice of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of salary offset. 179.211 Section... COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.211 Notice of salary offset. (a) Upon receipt of proper... certification as the debtor, a written notice of salary offset. Such notice shall, at a minimum: (1) State that...

  7. 22 CFR 309.17 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Procedures for salary offset. 309.17 Section 309.17 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 309.17 Procedures for salary offset. Unless otherwise provided by statute or contract, the following procedures apply to salary offset: (a...

  8. 12 CFR 1408.39 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1408.39 Section... STATES Offset Against Salary § 1408.39 Procedures for salary offset. (a) The Chairman, or designee of the... periods following the date of mailing or delivery of the Notice of Intent to Collect by Salary Offset. (c...

  9. 5 CFR 179.212 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 179.212... COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.212 Procedures for salary offset. (a) The Director or his or her designee shall coordinate salary deductions under this subpart. (b) OPM payroll office shall determine the...

  10. 45 CFR 73.735-1005 - Salary from two sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Salary from two sources. 73.735-1005 Section 73... CONDUCT Provisions Relating to Experts, Consultants and Advisory Committee Members § 73.735-1005 Salary... employees from receiving any salary, or supplementation of Government salary, from a private source as a...

  11. Faculty Salary Survey. California Community Colleges. 1973-74.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

    Data collected in a 1973-74 survey of faculty salaries and fringe benefits for California Community Colleges are provided in three schedules: (1) full-time faculty salary schedule, (2) distribution of salaries for full-time faculty, and (3) fringe benefits for full-time faculty and administrative personnel. The salary schedule for full-time…

  12. Federal White-Collar Employee Salary Reform

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-21

    Richard L. Fogel Assistant Comptroller General for General Government Programs GAO strongly endorses actions to reform federal white-collar employee pay...compensation levels for the employees who manage and operate the programs . -" - CONSIDERATION OP PERFORMANCE LEVELS IN MAKING SALARY ADJUSTMENTS In our...Best Available Copy "AD-A280 667 Uupted S&awe Gener.) AmumgM Ofie eA CNGAO Testimony Pot Release Pederi1 Whit--Collar Employee Salary Reform on

  13. The Safety Pharmacology Society salary survey.

    PubMed

    Pugsley, Michael K; Authier, Simon; Brabham, Tiffini; Soloviev, Maxim; Markgraf, Carrie G; Correll, Krystle; Traebert, Martin; Greiter-Wilke, Andrea; Valentin, Jean-Pierre; Vargas, Hugo; Botchway, Alfred; Leishman, Derek J; Curtis, Michael J

    2017-11-01

    Safety pharmacology is a growing discipline with scientists broadly distributed across international geographical regions. This electronic salary survey is the first to be distributed amongst the entire Safety Pharmacology Society (SPS) membership. An electronic survey was sent to all members of the Society. Categorical survey questions assessed membership employment types, annual incomes, and professional certifications, along with other associated career attributes. This survey was distributed to the SPS membership that is comprised of safety pharmacologists, toxicologists and pharmacologists working globally in the pharmaceutical industry, at contract research organizations (CRO), regulatory agencies, and academia or within the technology provider industry. The survey was open for responses from December 2015 to March 2016. The survey response rate was 28% (129/453). North America (68%) was the region with the largest number of respondents followed by Europe (28%). A preponderance of respondents (77%) had 12years of industry experience or more. 52% of responders earned annually between $40,000 and $120,000. As expected, salary was generally positively correlated with the number of years of experience in the industry or the educational background but there was no correlation between salary and the number of employee's directly supervised. The median salary was higher for male vs female respondents, but so was median age, indicative of no gender 'salary gap'. Our 2016 SPS salary survey results showcased significant diversity regarding factors that can influence salary compensation within this discipline. These data provided insights into the complex global job market trends. They also revealed the level of scientific specialization embedded within the organization, presently uniquely positioned to support the dynamic career paths of current and future safety pharmacologists. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Gender-Based Salary Inequity in Social Work: Mediators of Gender's Effect on Salary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koeske, Gary F.; Krowinski, William J.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the direct effect of gender, controlling for years of experience, job role, and other variables, in a sample of 359 Pennsylvania social workers. Men social workers received significantly more yearly salary (an estimated $3,665 more) than women social workers. A path analysis suggested that the salary advantage for men that was…

  15. Faculty Salary as a Predictor of Student Outgoing Salaries from MBA Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamlen, Karla R.; Hamlen, William A.

    2016-01-01

    The authors' purpose was to investigate the predictive value of faculty salaries on outgoing salaries of master of business administration (MBA) students when controlling for other student and program variables. Data were collected on 976 MBA programs using Barron's "Guide to Graduate Business Schools" over the years 1988-2005 and the…

  16. Gender-based salary inequity in social work: mediators of gender's effect on salary.

    PubMed

    Koeske, Gary F; Krowinski, William J

    2004-04-01

    This study examined the direct effect of gender, controlling for years of experience, job role, and other variables, in a sample of 359 Pennsylvania social workers. Men social workers received significantly more yearly salary (an estimated 3,665 dollars more) than women social workers. A path analysis suggested that the salary advantage for men that was attributable to their acquiring more experience and management positions was slightly larger than the direct effect of gender. The ability of merit variables to explain salary was somewhat greater for men than women. Other variables that mediated the effect of gender on salary were MSW specialization, working in a social work or a related area, and practice area (children and youths, health, mental health, or other area). The results suggest that substantial gender disparity continues to exist in social worker salaries.

  17. Gender differences in nurse practitioner salaries.

    PubMed

    Greene, Jessica; El-Banna, Majeda M; Briggs, Linda A; Park, Jeongyoung

    2017-11-01

    While male nurses have been shown to earn considerably more than female nurses, there is less evidence on gender disparities in salary among nurse practitioners (NPs). This study examines whether the gender gap in NP salaries persists after controlling for differences in work setting and demographic factors. We analyzed the relationship between gender and salary (2011 pretax earnings) among 6591 NPs working as NPs at least 35 h per week, using the 2012 National Sample Survey of Nurse Practitioners. We first conducted bivariate regression analyses examining the relationship between gender and earnings, and then developed a multivariate model that controlled for individual differences in demographic and work characteristics. Male NPs earned $12,859 more than female NPs, after adjusting for individual differences in demographics and work characteristics. The gender gap was $7405 for recent NP graduates, and grew over time. Male NPs earned significantly more than female NPs across all clinical specialty areas. The gender disparities in NP salaries documented here regardless of professional seniority or clinical area should spark healthcare organizations to conduct pay equity assessments of their employees' salaries to identify and ameliorate pay inequality. ©2017 American Association of Nurse Practitioners.

  18. When salaries aren't secret.

    PubMed

    Case, J

    2001-05-01

    No one seemed to think Treece McDavitt was a malevolent employee. "Just mischievous," one person said. Whatever her motivation, the day before Treece was to leave RightNow!, an off-price women's fashion retailer, the 26-year-old computer wizard accessed HR's files and e-mailed employees' salaries to the entire staff. Now everyone knows what everyone else is making; they are either infuriated that they are making too little or embarrassed that they are making too much. Salary disparities are out there for everyone to see, and CEO Hank Adamson has to do something to smooth things over. Hank's trusted advisers talk extensively with the CEO about his options, ultimately coming down on two sides. Charlie Herald, vice president of human resources, takes a "You get a lemon, you make lemonade" approach: keep making the salaries public to ensure fairness and to push employees to higher performance, he advises. Meanwhile, CFO Harriet Duval sees the need for damage control: apologize, clean up the company's compensation system, and continue to keep--or at least try to keep--salaries private, she says. Should Hank side with Charlie or Harriet? Or perhaps find a compromise between their two views? What should he do about this serious salary debacle? Four commentators offer their advice on the problem presented in this fictional case study.

  19. Results of the 2015 Perfusionist Salary Study

    PubMed Central

    Lewis, Doreen M.; Dove, Steven; Jordan, Ralph E.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: Presently, there exists no published valid and reliable salary study of clinical perfusionists. The objective of the 2015 Perfusionist Salary Study was to gather verifiable employee information to determine current compensation market rates (salary averages) of clinical perfusionists working in the United States. A salary survey was conducted between April 2015 and March 2016. The survey required perfusionists to answer questions about work volume, scheduling, and employer-paid compensation including benefits. Participants were also required to submit a de-identified pay stub to validate the income they reported. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all survey questions (e.g., percentages, means, and ranges). The study procured 481 responses, of which 287 were validated (i.e., respondents provided income verification that matched reported earnings). Variables that were examined within the validated sample population include job title, type of institution of employment, education level, years of experience, and geographic region, among others. Additional forms of compensation which may affect base compensation rates were also calculated including benefits, call time, bonuses, and pay for ancillary services (e.g., extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and ventricular assist device). In conclusion, in 2015, the average salary for all perfusionists is $127,600 with 19 years' experience. This research explores the average salary within subpopulations based on other factors such as position role, employer type, and geography. Information from this study is presented to guide employer compensation programs and suggests the need for further study in consideration of attrition rates and generational changes (i.e., perfusionists reaching retirement age) occurring alongside the present perfusionist staffing shortage affecting many parts of the country. PMID:27994258

  20. Results of the 2015 Perfusionist Salary Study.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Doreen M; Dove, Steven; Jordan, Ralph E

    2016-12-01

    Presently, there exists no published valid and reliable salary study of clinical perfusionists. The objective of the 2015 Perfusionist Salary Study was to gather verifiable employee information to determine current compensation market rates (salary averages) of clinical perfusionists working in the United States. A salary survey was conducted between April 2015 and March 2016. The survey required perfusionists to answer questions about work volume, scheduling, and employer-paid compensation including benefits. Participants were also required to submit a de-identified pay stub to validate the income they reported. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all survey questions (e.g., percentages, means, and ranges). The study procured 481 responses, of which 287 were validated (i.e., respondents provided income verification that matched reported earnings). Variables that were examined within the validated sample population include job title, type of institution of employment, education level, years of experience, and geographic region, among others. Additional forms of compensation which may affect base compensation rates were also calculated including benefits, call time, bonuses, and pay for ancillary services (e.g., extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and ventricular assist device). In conclusion, in 2015, the average salary for all perfusionists is $127,600 with 19 years' experience. This research explores the average salary within subpopulations based on other factors such as position role, employer type, and geography. Information from this study is presented to guide employer compensation programs and suggests the need for further study in consideration of attrition rates and generational changes (i.e., perfusionists reaching retirement age) occurring alongside the present perfusionist staffing shortage affecting many parts of the country.

  1. An Analytical Approach to Salary Evaluation for Educational Personnel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruno, James Edward

    1969-01-01

    "In this study a linear programming model for determining an 'optimal' salary schedule was derived then applied to an educational salary structure. The validity of the model and the effectiveness of the approach were established. (Author)

  2. Faculty Salary Equity: Issues and Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Julie K.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    An approach to identifying and correcting college faculty salary inequities based on gender is presented. Steps include determining whether a problem exists using an objective, legally sound procedure; developing feasible adjustment strategies; and implementing correction and a monitoring process consistent with institutional culture and values.…

  3. Focus on Wage and Salary Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Risher, Howard W.

    1989-01-01

    Budget pressures, tightening labor markets, and increasing public interest should prompt colleges and universities to review their wage and salary programs. Many administrators have never been exposed to practices other than those common to higher education, and trustees with corporate experience may provide some insight. (Author/MSE)

  4. Managerial Perceptions Regarding Salary Increase Criteria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyer, Lee; And Others

    1976-01-01

    Results of study indicate that managers feel job performance should be most important determinant of salary increases for themselves and for subordinates; that organizations do not place sufficient emphasis on this criterion; and that job satisfaction is affected to some degree by this perception. (RW)

  5. From the Floor: Raising Child Care Salaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitebook, Marcy; And Others

    The comprehensive National Child Care Staffing Study confirmed that American children are in jeopardy because their teachers are poorly compensated and minimally trained. An increasing number of local and state efforts have begun to face this crisis head-on. This booklet reviews these efforts, focusing primarily on strategies for raising salaries.…

  6. The Wage Gap and Administrative Salaries Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beyer, Kirk D.

    1992-01-01

    Analysis of national data on college administrator salaries by gender, minority/nonminority status, years of service, and institution type found that wage gaps related to gender and minority status persisted in 1991-92 but that interaction of length of service with other study variables explained a significant amount of this gap. (MSE)

  7. Is Your Salary Schedule up to Speed?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    1994-01-01

    Presents four key questions for day-care center administrators to consider when evaluating their salary schedules: (1) what are we paying for?; (2) is our pay equitable?; (3) should we offer annual increases?; and (4) should we offer merit raises? Considers various issues raised by these questions, based upon an analysis of over 100 salary…

  8. AIP Report, 1989 Salaries: Society Membership Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kellman, Dawn; Scholz, Catherine

    This report examines the variations in salaries by degree level, employment sector, geographic location, and work activity among members of the scientific labor force and educational system. The data are based on a stratified random sample of one-sixth of the U.S. membership of the American Institute of Physics Member Societies; approximately…

  9. Report on Staffing and Salaries, Fall 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

    This report presents fall 1989 demographic, staffing, salary, and workload information on California community college employees, based on data collected from 70 of the 71 districts in the state. First, tables present the total number of district employees by primary occupational activity; the number of full-time equivalent (FTE) employees by…

  10. Salaries of Teachers. Indicator of the Month.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.

    This report lists percentage distribution and annual median salaries (in constant 1998 dollars) of full-time elementary and secondary school teachers, by age for 1971-98. As a wave of younger teachers hired in the mid-1970s has aged, a demographic shift in the age of teachers has occurred. The percentage of full-time teachers 45 years or older has…

  11. Report on Staffing and Salaries, Fall 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shymoniak, Leonard; And Others

    Tenth in a series of annual reports, this report presents fall 1990 demographic, staffing, salary, and workload information on California community college employees, based on data collected from all 71 California community college districts. Section I presents data on primary occupational activity, full-time equivalency, and type of assignment…

  12. Report on Staffing and Salaries, Fall 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

    Thirteenth in a series of annual reports, this document presents fall 1993 demographic, staffing, salary, and workload information on California community college employees, based on data collected from all 71 California community college districts. Section I presents data on primary occupational activity, full-time equivalency, and type of…

  13. Maintenance Workers Top Operators in Salary Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadeed, S. J.

    1978-01-01

    Analyzed are data generated by a salary survey of water pollution control facilities personnel. Although there are some geographical differences, the major contributing factors appear to be level of job skills, plant complexity, personnel availability, and area cost of living. (CS)

  14. ARL Annual Salary Survey, 2001-02.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp.; Young, Mark, Comp.

    This document reports the 2001-2002 salary data for all professional staff working in ARL (Association of Research Libraries) libraries. Data for 9,198 professional staff members were reported for the 1,130 ARL university libraries, including their law and medical libraries (859 staff members reported by 69 medical libraries and 724 staff members…

  15. ARL Annual Salary Survey, 2000-2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp.; Wetzel, Karen, Comp.

    This document reports the 2000-2001 salary data for all professional staff working in ARL (Association of Research Libraries) libraries. Data for 8,882 professional staff members were reported for the 112 ARL university libraries, including their law and medical libraries (811 staff members reported by 68 medical libraries and 708 staff members…

  16. ARL Annual Salary Survey, 1999-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp.; O'Connor, Michael, Comp.

    This document reports 1999-2000 salary data for all professional staff working in ARL (Association of Research Libraries) libraries. Data for 8,595 professional staff members were reported for the 111 ARL university libraries, including their law and medical libraries (814 staff members reported by 69 medical libraries and 660 staff members…

  17. ARL Annual Salary Survey, 2002-2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp.; Young, Mark, Comp.

    This document reports the 2001-2002 salary data for all professional staff working in ARL (Association of Research Libraries) libraries. Data for 9,469 professional staff members were reported for the 124 ARL university libraries, including their law and medical libraries (909 staff members reported by 69 medical libraries and 726 staff members…

  18. The Decline of Australian Educational Salaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zappala, Jon; Lombard, Marc

    1991-01-01

    A 20-year study indicated that educational salaries at all levels have continuously declined relative to the average weekly earnings in Australia. Possible explanations are the role of government, the national teachers' union policy toward different payment systems, and the cultural attitude toward intellectual endeavor. (JOW)

  19. 19 CFR 201.204 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Salary offset. 201.204 Section 201.204 Customs... offset is initiated. The Notice of Intent shall state: (1) That the Director has reviewed the records... accumulated interest is paid in full; (3) The amount of the debt and the facts giving rise to the debt; (4) A...

  20. The Salaried, Credited Internship in Environmental Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schultz, Judith M.

    1981-01-01

    If carefully designed and arranged, the credited, salaried internship can serve as a transition to the real world of environmental problem-solving, performance evaluation, and ability to work with peers and supervisors. Presented are guidelines for operating such programs and samples of the internship agreement, responsibilities, and evaluation…

  1. 1983 Salaries. Society Membership Survey. AIP Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skelton, W. Keith; And Others

    Variation and changes in the salaries of members of the American Institute of Physics are examined. Graphics highlighting some of the patterns are presented, along with detailed tables and brief summary text. The data are based on a sample survey of the United Statess members conducted in spring 1983. The overall response rate was 69%, Tables…

  2. Administrative Compensation: An Investigation of Factors Accounting for Salary Differentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tracy, Saundra J.; Sheehan, Robert

    A study was done to determine whether administrator salaries in 14 Ohio school districts were a reflection of administrator responsibilities or of length of service, and to find what factors accounted for salary differentials. Although previous research suggests factors for assigning value to administrative positions, traditional salary structures…

  3. Male/Female Salary Disparity for Professors of Educational Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pounder, Diana G.

    The earnings gap between male and female workers across all occupational groups has been well documented; full-time women workers earn, on average, approximately 65 percent of men's salaries. Although male/female salary disparity is largest across occupational groups, salary disparity within occupational groups still prevails. For example, the…

  4. Faculty and Civil Service Salaries, Fiscal Year 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This report provides data on fiscal year (FY) 1996 average 9-month faculty and civil service salaries (excluding fringe benefits) and information on those salaries since FY 1980 for full-time employees at Illinois colleges and universities and the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy. The report provides data comparing salaries with economic…

  5. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by the method and in the amount stated in the...

  6. Placements & Salary Survey 2008: Jobs and Pay Both up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maatta, Stephanie

    2008-01-01

    Despite a difficult economy and tightening budgets, both jobs and salaries rose for 2007 graduates. Echoing the previous year's growth, reported annual salaries increased approximately 3.1%, from $41,014 in 2006 to $42,361. The picture was most positive for graduates in the Southeast, whose average annual starting salary surged past the $40,000…

  7. SLA Annual Salary Survey and Workplace Study, 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latham, John, Comp.

    2008-01-01

    The Special Libraries' Association (SLA) has conducted salary surveys since 1967, triennially from 1967 to 1990, biennially from 1990 to 1996 and annually from 1997 forward. The objectives of the annual Salary Survey are to: (1) Collect and analyze systematic, accurate information about the salaries of special librarians and information…

  8. SLA Annual Salary Survey and Workplace Study, 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latham, John, Comp.

    2007-01-01

    The Special Libraries' Association (SLA) has conducted salary surveys since 1967, triennially from 1967 to 1990, biennially from 1990 to 1996 and annually from 1997 forward. The objectives of the annual Salary Survey are to: (1) Collect and analyze systematic, accurate information about the salaries of special librarians and information…

  9. Racial and ethnic differences in physician assistant salaries.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Cardell K; Smith, Darron T

    2015-06-01

    Two recent reports using different data sets concluded that female physician assistants (PAs) earn substantially less than male PAs. Similar data comparing the effect of race and ethnicity on salary have not been compiled. This article examines the possibility of racial and ethnic salary disparities in PA salaries using data from the 2009 survey of members of the American Academy of Physician Assistants.

  10. 5 CFR 9901.323 - Eligibility for general salary increase.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligibility for general salary increase... NATIONAL SECURITY PERSONNEL SYSTEM (NSPS) Pay and Pay Administration Rate Ranges and General Salary Increases § 9901.323 Eligibility for general salary increase. (a) Employees with a current rating of record...

  11. 22 CFR 213.21 - Employee salary offset-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employee salary offset-general. 213.21 Section... § 213.21 Employee salary offset—general. (a) Purpose. This section establishes USAID's policies and... account of an employee. (b) Scope. The provisions of this section apply to collection by salary offset...

  12. 48 CFR 352.231-70 - Salary rate limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Salary rate limitation... Salary rate limitation. As prescribed in 331.101-70, the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Salary Rate Limitation (January 2010) (a) Pursuant to the current and applicable prior HHS...

  13. 17 CFR 141.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 141.8 Section 141.8 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION SALARY OFFSET § 141.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by...

  14. 32 CFR 1697.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1697.8 Section 1697.8 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM SALARY OFFSET § 1697.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by...

  15. 38 CFR 1.992 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1.992 Section 1.992 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Salary Offset Provisions § 1.992 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Types of collection...

  16. 48 CFR 331.101-70 - Salary rate limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Salary rate limitation... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Applicability 331.101-70 Salary rate... used to pay the direct salary of an individual at a rate in excess of the Federal Executive Schedule...

  17. 45 CFR 33.10 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 33.10 Section 33.10 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.10 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Method and source of deductions. Unless the employee and the Secretary have...

  18. 10 CFR 16.15 - Procedures for internal salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for internal salary offset. 16.15 Section 16.15 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION SALARY OFFSET PROCEDURES FOR COLLECTING DEBTS OWED BY FEDERAL EMPLOYEES TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT § 16.15 Procedures for internal salary offset. (a) Deductions to...

  19. 10 CFR 1015.215 - Federal salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal salary offset. 1015.215 Section 1015.215 Energy... Administrative Collection of Claims § 1015.215 Federal salary offset. (a) DOE may authorize Treasury to offset a Federal salary to satisfy delinquent debt in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 5514, Installment Deduction for...

  20. 27 CFR 70.242 - Wages, salary and other income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Wages, salary and other... Collection of Excise and Special (Occupational) Tax Limitations § 70.242 Wages, salary and other income. (a... as wages, salary or other income are exempt from levy. This section described the income of a...

  1. 16 CFR 1027.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1027.8 Section 1027.8 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL SALARY OFFSET § 1027.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by the method and in the...

  2. 22 CFR 34.16 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 34.16 Section 34.16 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CLAIMS AND STOLEN PROPERTY DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 34.16 Procedures for salary offset. Unless otherwise provided by statute or contract, the following...

  3. Disparities in Salaries: Metropolitan versus Nonmetropolitan Community College Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glover, Louis C.; Simpson, Lynn A.; Waller, Lee Rusty

    2009-01-01

    This article explores disparities in faculty salaries between metropolitan and nonmetropolitan Texas community colleges. The analysis reveals a significant difference in faculty salaries for the 2000 and 2005 academic years respectively. The study found no significant difference in the rate of change in faculty salaries from 2000 to 2005.…

  4. 40 CFR 13.21 - Employee salary offset-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employee salary offset-general. 13.21... STANDARDS Administrative Offset § 13.21 Employee salary offset—general. (a) Purpose. This section... collection by salary offset under 5 U.S.C. 5514 of debts owed EPA and debts owed to other Federal agencies by...

  5. 29 CFR 778.113 - Salaried employees-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... dividing the monthly salary by the number of working days in the month and then by the number of hours of... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL... number of hours which the salary is intended to compensate. If an employee is hired at a salary of $182...

  6. 45 CFR 1179.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1179.8 Section 1179.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET § 1179.8 Procedures for salary...

  7. 45 CFR 1179.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1179.8 Section 1179.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET § 1179.8 Procedures for salary...

  8. Results of the 2013 CASE Europe Salary Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paradise, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    CASE has conducted salary surveys to track trends in the profession and to help members benchmark salaries since 1982. Following CASE's major overhaul of the survey instrument and data collection system, CASE Europe fielded a European version of the salary survey for the second time in October 2012. All individual CASE Europe members at colleges,…

  9. ARL Annual Salary Survey, 2006-07. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyrillidou, Martha, Comp.; Young, Mark, Comp.

    2007-01-01

    The "ARL Annual Salary Survey 2006-07" reports salary data for all professional staff working in Association of Research Libraries (ARL) libraries. It is the most comprehensive and thorough guide to current salaries in large U.S. and Canadian academic and research libraries, and is a valuable management and research tool. Data for 9,824…

  10. Fiscal Year 1995 Faculty and Civil Service Salaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This report provides information on the status of fiscal year 1995 faculty and civil service salaries at Illinois colleges and universities and the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy along with trend analysis based on data beginning in 1980. The report compares salaries with economic indicators to determine how well salaries have kept pace…

  11. 26 CFR 509.113 - Government wages, salaries, and pensions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 19 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Government wages, salaries, and pensions. 509...) REGULATIONS UNDER TAX CONVENTIONS SWITZERLAND General Income Tax § 509.113 Government wages, salaries, and pensions. (a) General. Under Article XI of the convention any wage, salary, or similar compensation, or any...

  12. 17 CFR 256.920 - Salaries and wages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Salaries and wages. 256.920... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.920 Salaries and wages. (a) This account shall include salaries, wages, bonuses and other consideration for services, with the exception of director's fees paid directly...

  13. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by...

  14. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by...

  15. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by...

  16. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by...

  17. Salary and Ranking and Teacher Turnover: A Statewide Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Cynthia Martinez; Slate, John R.; Delgado, Carmen Tejeda

    2009-01-01

    This study examined three years of data obtained from the Academic Excellence Indicator System of the State of Texas regarding teacher turnover rate and teacher salary. Across all public school districts, teacher salary was consistently negatively related to teacher turnover; that is, where salary was lower, turnover rate was higher When data were…

  18. Focus on Teacher Salaries: An Update on Average Salaries and Recent Legislative Actions in the SREB States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines, Gale F.

    Focused state efforts have helped teacher salaries in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) states move toward the national average. Preliminary 2000-01 estimates put SREB's average teacher salary at its highest point in 22 years compared to the national average. The SREB average teacher salary is approximately 90 percent of the national…

  19. Changes in Faculty Salaries: 1970 to 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, John B.

    College faculty purchasing power was at an all-time high in 1972-73, but then dropped during the 1970s. In the early 1980s, it began to rise and then leveled off in the past few years with the onset of another drop from the 1988-89 high. Twenty years of full-time college and university faculty members' salaries are compared with annual measures of…

  20. 1994 Entry-Level Athletic Training Salaries

    PubMed Central

    Moss, Crayton L.

    1996-01-01

    In this study, I examined salaries for entry-level positions in athletic training during the year 1994. An entry-level position was defined as a position to be filled with an athletic trainer certified by the NATA, with no full-time paid employment experience. According to the “Placement Vacancy Notice” (NATA, Dallas, TX) and “BYLINE” (Athletic Trainer Services, Inc, Mt Pleasant, MI), there were 432 entry-level vacancies in hospital/clinics, college/universities, and high school settings. A total of 271 surveys (63%) were returned. Overall, beginning salaries for entry-level athletic training positions were $23,228 (±$3,177) for a bachelor's degree and $25,362 (±$3,883) for a master's degree. A stipend ($4,216 ± $2,039) was included in 86% of the high school positions. The term of contract for high school was usually a 10-month position (10.0 ± .9 months), hospital/clinic, 12-months (11.7 ± .7 months), while the college/university varied from 9 to 12 months (10.5 ± 1.2 months). Also included in the study was fringe benefit information: pension (other than Social Security), life, medical, dental, and vision insurance. Continued studies are recommended to establish salary norms and trends for entry-level positions so that athletic trainers will understand what monetary compensation to expect for their services. PMID:16558367

  1. Accepting Lower Salaries for Meaningful Work

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Jing; Hirsh, Jacob B.

    2017-01-01

    A growing literature indicates that people are increasingly motivated to experience a sense of meaning in their work lives. Little is known, however, about how perceptions of work meaningfulness influence job choice decisions. Although much of the research on job choice has focused on the importance of financial compensation, the subjective meanings attached to a job should also play a role. The current set of studies explored the hypothesis that people are willing to accept lower salaries for more meaningful work. In Study 1, participants reported lower minimum acceptable salaries when comparing jobs that they considered to be personally meaningful with those that they considered to be meaningless. In Study 2, an experimental enhancement of a job’s apparent meaningfulness lowered the minimum acceptable salary that participants required for the position. In two large-scale cross-national samples of full-time employees in 2005 and 2015, Study 3 found that participants who experienced more meaningful work lives were more likely to turn down higher-paying job offers elsewhere. The strength of this effect also increased significantly over this time period. Study 4 replicated these findings in an online sample, such that participants who reported having more meaningful work were less willing to leave their current jobs and organizations for higher paying opportunities. These patterns of results remained significant when controlling for demographic factors and differences in job characteristics. PMID:29085310

  2. A real options approach to clinical faculty salary structure.

    PubMed

    Kahn, Marc J; Long, Hugh W

    2012-01-01

    One can use the option theory model originally developed to price financial opportunities in security markets to analyze many other economic arrangements such as the salary structures of clinical faculty in an academic medical center practice plan. If one views the underlying asset to be the portion (labeled "salary") of the economic value of the collections made for the care provided patients by the physician, then a salary guarantee can be considered a put option provided the physician, the guarantee having value to the physician only when the actual salary earned is less than the salary guarantee. Similarly, within an incentive plan, a salary cap can be thought of as a call option provided to the practice plan since a salary cap only has value to the practice plan when a physician's earnings exceed the cap. Further, based on analysis of prior earnings, the Black-Scholes options pricing model can be used both to price each option and to determine a financially neutral balance between a salary guarantee and a salary cap by equating the prices of the implied put and call options. We suggest that such analysis is superior to empirical methods for setting clinical faculty salary structure in the academic practice plan setting.

  3. Rapid rise predicted for geologist salaries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The number of geologists entering the earth science profession and their average salary will increase faster than for other natural and physical sciences during the next 2 decades, according to A.G. Unklesbay, executive director of the American Geological Institute (AGI). He is drafting for the National Academy of Sciences' Geological Sciences Board (Eos, 62, p. 107, March 17) a chapter on manpower needs in geology.‘AGI studies trends in geoscience education, and our records show that majors have doubled in the decade 1971-1980,’ Unklesbay said. ‘These studies are ongoing and the data for 1981 show this trend continuing.’

  4. Below the Salary Line: Employee Engagement of Non-Salaried Employees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuck, Brad; Albornoz, Carlos

    2007-01-01

    This exploratory empirical phenomological study looks at employee engagement using Kahn (1990) and Maslow's (1970) motivational theories to understand the experience of non-salaried employees. This study finds four themes that seem to affect employee engagement: work environment, employee's supervisor, individual characteristics of the employee,…

  5. Salary Compression: A Time-Series Ratio Analysis of ARL Position Classifications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seaman, Scott

    2007-01-01

    Although salary compression has previously been identified in such professional schools as engineering, business, and computer science, there is now evidence of salary compression among Association of Research Libraries members. Using salary data from the "ARL Annual Salary Survey", this study analyzes average annual salaries from 1994-1995…

  6. [Higher salary as an incentive for scientific activity?].

    PubMed

    Gulsvik, Amund; Aasland, Olaf Gjerløw

    2007-08-23

    Few publications are available on how salaries are established for physicians with science as their main occupation. The results of a questionnaire survey to medical doctors are reported. A questionnaire was sent to members of The Norwegian Medical Association's branch for doctors in academic medicine in spring 2005. Questions concerned how they thought scientific qualifications and production affected their present salary and what they considered to be a reasonable salary for a researcher with their qualifications and production. 304 of 487 (62%) doctors answered. The study included 128 full-time professors, 101 associate professors or post-doctoral scientists with a PhD, 44 scientists without a PhD and 31 PhD-students. The average age was 52 years, and 28% were women. 71% had a university as their main employer. The median number of peer-reviewed scientific publications was 19 per physician-scientist for the last 5 years. The average annual salary was 498,000 NOK, and the average increase in salary considered to be reasonable was 279,000 NOK. A reasonable salary for evaluating a PhD-thesis was considered to be 18,700 NOK and that for giving a 45-minute lecture was 3,200 NOK. In a multiple linear regression analysis on actual salary, the significant predictors were employer, scientific qualifications, age, and sex. Predictors for the difference between reasonable and actual salary was scientific production and employer. Age, employer or scientific qualifications could not predict who considered a doubling of the present salary (for a 45-minute lecture and evaluating a PhD) to be appropriate. Universities should be aware of the large gap between salaries to physician-scientists employed by universities and to those employed by other institutions. Scientific production should be more emphasized in future negotiations on salaries.

  7. 29 CFR 778.306 - Salary reductions in short workweeks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... employee is hired at a fixed salary of $200 for a 40-hour week, his hourly rate is $5. When he works only...” from the salary for hours not worked in short weeks will be considered strong, if not conclusive....306 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR...

  8. Sex Differences in Faculty Salaries: A Cohort Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perna, Laura Walter

    This study examined sex differences in faculty salaries, exploring how lower salaries for women varied across different rank/experience cohorts. Data came from the 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty. Six cohorts were defined: assistant professors with 1-2 years experience, 3-6 years experience, 7-12 years experience, or 13-20 years…

  9. Education and Six-Figure Salaries. The Iconoclast.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMurtry, John

    1996-01-01

    Criticizes the recent trend of six-figure-plus salaries for higher education administrators in Canada. Maintains that these salaries reflect neither market value nor individual performance but rather result from aggressive self-promotion and institutional chicanery. Argues that those individuals motivated primarily by money should work in the…

  10. The "Big Bang" in Public and Private Faculty Salaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rippner, Jennifer A.; Toutkoushian, Robert K.

    2015-01-01

    The gap between average faculty salaries at public and private institutions has been growing wider over the past 40 years, yet little is known about the nature and causes of the gap. This study uses data on more than 1,000 institutions to examine institutional average faculty salaries and how they have changed for public and private institutions.…

  11. How Much Are You Worth? 20th Annual Salary Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbian, Jeff

    2001-01-01

    This report on an annual salary survey of trainers (n=2,673) indicates that people at the top are most satisfied with their remuneration. Tables depict salaries by region, gender, and the following categories: executives, managers, classroom instructors, instructional designers, career specialists, and personnel directors. (JOW)

  12. Gender Salary Differences in Economics Departments in Japan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takahashi, Ana Maria; Takahashi, Shingo

    2011-01-01

    By using unique survey data, we conduct a detailed study of the gender salary gap within economics departments in Japan. Despite the presence of rigid pay scales emphasizing age and experience, there is a 7% gender salary gap after controlling for rank and detailed personal, job, institutional and human capital characteristics. This gender salary…

  13. School Leaders Target Salary Reform toward Newer Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawchuk, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    Leaders in a handful of school districts are pondering the idea of "front-loading" teacher compensation by paying novices more than they would typically earn under traditional salary schedules. Boosting new teachers' salaries, officials in Denver, the District of Columbia, and New York City contend, would increase the applicant pool and…

  14. International Comparisons of Teachers' Salaries: An Exploratory Study. Survey Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barro, Steven M.; Suter, Larry

    This paper, the final product of a study, "International Comparison of Teachers' Salaries," on an exploratory effort to compare salaries of elementary and secondary school teachers in the United States with those in other economically advanced countries. Data was obtained from Canada, Denmark, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Japan,…

  15. An Examination of Superintendent Salaries and Compensation Packages in Kentucky

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Lisa M.

    2014-01-01

    The salaries and compensation packages of women in the United States fall short of those to men holding similar employment positions. This study will look specifically at the salaries and compensation packages of current Kentucky school superintendents and investigate whether or not there exists discrepencies among them along gender lines. The…

  16. 11 CFR 116.6 - Salary payments owed to employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Salary payments owed to employees. 116.6 Section 116.6 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION GENERAL DEBTS OWED BY CANDIDATES AND POLITICAL COMMITTEES § 116.6 Salary payments owed to employees. (a) Treatment as debts or volunteer services. If a...

  17. 5 CFR 551.203 - Salary-based nonexemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Salary-based nonexemption. 551.203 Section 551.203 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Exemptions and Exclusions § 551.203 Salary-based nonexemption...

  18. Teacher Salaries and Teacher Aptitude: An Analysis Using Quantile Regressions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilpin, Gregory A.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between salaries and scholastic aptitude for full-time public high school humanities and mathematics/sciences teachers. For identification, we rely on variation in salaries between adjacent school districts within the same state. The results indicate that teacher aptitude is positively correlated with…

  19. Overview: 2017 Professionals in Higher Education Salary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bichsel, Jacqueline; McChesney, Jasper

    2017-01-01

    The "Faculty in Higher Education Survey" collects data from approximately 700 higher education institutions on nearly 250,000 full-time faculty (tenure track and non-tenure track), as well as academic department heads and adjunct (pay-per-course) faculty. Data collected for full-time faculty include: salary, supplemental salary and…

  20. 2016 AASA Superintendent Salary & Benefits Study: Non-Member Version

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finnan, Leslie A.; McCord, Robert S.

    2017-01-01

    The 2016 AASA Superintendent Salary & Benefits Study marks the fifth edition of this study. This survey tracks the demographics, salary, benefits, and other elements of the employment contracts of school superintendents throughout the country. This year's study is based on 1,392 responses (15 percent response rate). The survey was distributed…

  1. Accountability of Teacher Performance Through Merit Salaries and Other Devices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDowell, Stirling

    The document offers two definitions of accountability, a narrow one in which the teacher's salary must be based entirely upon a measurement of his teaching competence, and a broader one in which salary is related only partly to a measurement of competence. The major points for and against merit ratings are summarized, followed by a description of…

  2. Research Administrator Salary: Association with Education, Experience, Credentials and Gender

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shambrook, Jennifer; Roberts, Thomas J.; Triscari, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The 2010 Research Administrators Stress Perception Survey (2010 RASPerS) collected data from 1,131 research administrators on salary, years experience, educational level, Certified Research Administrator (CRA) status, and gender. Using these data, comparisons were made to show how salary levels are associated with each of these variables. Using…

  3. Predictions: From Public School Teacher Salaries to Student Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murgo, Nicholas J.; Walsh, Tammy King

    A study of 28 school districts in Rhode Island was done in 1992 to examine the hypothesis that there is a positive correlation between teacher salaries and state aid. The study was originally designed to gather information about teacher salaries and the variables related to them, but was expanded to cover student outcomes and variables related to…

  4. The Effects of AACSB Accreditation on Faculty Salaries and Productivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedrick, David W.; Henson, Steven E.; Krieg, John M.; Wassell, Charles S.

    2010-01-01

    The authors explored differences between salaries and productivity of business faculty in Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB)-accredited business programs and those without AACSB accreditation. Empirical evidence is scarce regarding these differences, yet understanding the impact of AACSB accreditation on salaries and…

  5. 1985 Salaries: Society Membership Survey. American Institute of Physics Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skelton, W. Keith; And Others

    Variation in the salaries of U.S. and Canadian members of the American Institute of Physics are examined, based on a spring 1985 survey. Graphics highlighting some of the patterns are presented, along with detailed tables and brief summary text. The overall response rate was 65%. Tables cover salaries and geographic location for Ph.D.s salaries…

  6. Labor Market Structure and Salary Determination among Professional Basketball Players.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Michael

    1988-01-01

    The author investigates the labor market structure and determinants of salaries for professional basketball players. An expanded version of the resource perspective is used. A three-tiered model of labor market segmentation is revealed for professional basketball players, but other variables also are important in salary determination. (Author/CH)

  7. Sex Differences in Physician Salary in US Public Medical Schools.

    PubMed

    Jena, Anupam B; Olenski, Andrew R; Blumenthal, Daniel M

    2016-09-01

    Limited evidence exists on salary differences between male and female academic physicians, largely owing to difficulty obtaining data on salary and factors influencing salary. Existing studies have been limited by reliance on survey-based approaches to measuring sex differences in earnings, lack of contemporary data, small sample sizes, or limited geographic representation. To analyze sex differences in earnings among US academic physicians. Freedom of Information laws mandate release of salary information of public university employees in several states. In 12 states with salary information published online, salary data were extracted on 10 241 academic physicians at 24 public medical schools. These data were linked to a unique physician database with detailed information on sex, age, years of experience, faculty rank, specialty, scientific authorship, National Institutes of Health funding, clinical trial participation, and Medicare reimbursements (proxy for clinical revenue). Sex differences in salary were estimated after adjusting for these factors. Physician sex. Annual salary. Among 10 241 physicians, female physicians (n = 3549) had lower mean (SD) unadjusted salaries than male physicians ($206 641 [$88 238] vs $257 957 [$137 202]; absolute difference, $51 315 [95% CI, $46 330-$56 301]). Sex differences persisted after multivariable adjustment ($227 783 [95% CI, $224 117-$231 448] vs $247 661 [95% CI, $245 065-$250 258] with an absolute difference of $19 878 [95% CI, $15 261-$24 495]). Sex differences in salary varied across specialties, institutions, and faculty ranks. For example, adjusted salaries of female full professors ($250 971 [95% CI, $242 307-$259 635]) were comparable to those of male associate professors ($247 212 [95% CI, $241 850-$252 575]). Among specialties, adjusted salaries were highest in orthopedic surgery ($358 093 [95% CI, $344 354-$371 831]), surgical subspecialties ($318 760 [95

  8. Do higher salaries lower physician migration?

    PubMed

    Okeke, Edward N

    2014-08-01

    It is believed that low wages are an important reason why doctors and nurses in developing countries migrate, and this has led to a call for higher wages for health professionals in developing countries. In this paper, we provide some of the first estimates of the impact of raising health workers' salaries on migration. Using aggregate panel data on the stock of foreign doctors in 16 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries, we explore the effect of a wage increase programme in Ghana on physician migration. We find evidence that 6 years after the implementation of this programme, the foreign stock of Ghanaian doctors abroad had fallen by approximately 10% relative to the estimated counterfactual. This result should be interpreted with caution, however, given the sensitivity of the results to changes in model specification. Published by Oxford University Press in association with The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine © The Author 2013; all rights reserved.

  9. Salary Surveys: How to Conduct One in Your Community and Child Care Staff Salary and Working Conditions Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellm, Dan; Whitebook, Marcy

    Intended for use by child care advocates, this booklet describes ways to gather local information about existing salaries, benefits, and working conditions among child care workers for the purpose of coordinating efforts to upgrade the field. The booklet begins by presenting the rationale behind conducting salary surveys, noting that surveys can…

  10. The role of gender in MPH graduates' salaries.

    PubMed

    Bradley, E H; White, W; Anderson, E; Mattocks, K; Pistell, A

    2000-01-01

    Several studies have demonstrated that workforce roles and salaries differ substantially between men and women in administrative positions within the health care industry. Recent studies of graduates with masters of business administration (MBA) and masters of health administration (MHA) degrees have indicated that women tend to experience lower salaries, given like responsibilities. However, the impact of gender on salary has been less studied among masters of public health (MPH) graduates in the health care field. Our objective was to assess the impact of gender on salary among MPH degree graduates. Using a cross-sectional survey of all graduates from the MPH program at Yale University between 1991-1997 (n = 201, response rate = 51%), we ascertained graduates' reported salary in the first job post-graduation and reported salary in their current position. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess the unadjusted and adjusted associations between gender and salary. Salaries in both the first job post-graduation and in the current job differed significantly by gender, with women earning less than men (p-values < .05). Moreover, these differences persisted after controlling for a set of human capital measures including pre-MPH work experience, age at graduation, years since graduation, area of specialization within the MPH degree, and type of work site (governmental or nonprofit versus for-profit). Unlike studies of MBA and MHA graduates, however, this study did not find evidence that the gender-related salary gap widened as the years since graduation increased, although the sample size did not allow comprehensive testing of this trend.

  11. Implementation of a salaried compensation program for registered nurses.

    PubMed

    Sills, L R

    1993-01-01

    Compensation is a key variable in recruitment and retention of registered nurses. A 6-month trial of an exempt/salaried wage program for registered nurses, based on normative change theory, was implemented in the adult critical care division of a 491-bed community hospital. A total of 58 registered nurses participated in the trial. At the end of 6 months on salary, 94% (53) of the nurses voted to remain salaried. The staff perceived that the new wage program increased flexibility in work schedules and promoted teamwork and professional autonomy.

  12. 2010 Critical Care Transport Workplace and Salary Survey.

    PubMed

    Greene, Michael J

    2010-01-01

    Critical care transport (CCT) leaders and managers from 300 organizations were invited to participate in an online survey (participation rate, 34%) with approximately 150 questions covering a broad base of CCT organizational, workplace, personnel, and salary matters. In addition to medical team composition, recruitment and retention, training, education, and benefits, the survey presents CCT crew salary data by job class by Bowley's seven-figure summary, as well as average, minimum, and maximum hourly rates. Salaries are reported in a national aggregate and by Association of Air Medical Services region. Copyright (c) 2010 Air Medical Journal Associates. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Women Likely to Face Salary Discrimination in Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Ron; Hovland, Roxanne

    1989-01-01

    Reports a survey of 163 advertising graduates of a large university. Finds that women in advertising earn significantly less than males. Recommends addressing the issue of salary discrimination in research, teaching, and career advising. (SR)

  14. A Rationale for Relating Salaries to Learner Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benedict, Gary C.; Gerardi, Robert J.

    1985-01-01

    Presents a formula for relating teacher salaries to student achievement. Discusses the problems inherent in measuring student achievement and the importance of the principal's administrative training. Includes a chart and diagrams. (MD)

  15. 12 CFR 1408.41 - Requesting current paying agency to offset salary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... salary. 1408.41 Section 1408.41 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES Offset Against Salary § 1408.41 Requesting current paying agency to offset salary. (a) To request a paying agency to impose a salary offset against amounts owed to the debtor, the...

  16. 5 CFR 179.213 - Coordinating salary offset with other agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Coordinating salary offset with other... REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.213 Coordinating salary offset with other agencies... intent of this regulation. (2) The designated salary offset coordinator will be responsible for: (i...

  17. 5 CFR 1639.28 - Coordinating salary offset with other agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Coordinating salary offset with other... CLAIMS COLLECTION Salary Offset § 1639.28 Coordinating salary offset with other agencies. (a... employee is in the process of separating and has not received a final salary check or other final payment(s...

  18. 7 CFR 3.80 - Written agreement to repay debts as alternative to salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... salary offset. 3.80 Section 3.80 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Federal Salary Offset § 3.80 Written agreement to repay debts as alternative to salary offset. (a) Notification by employee. The employee may propose, in response to a Notice of Intent to Offset Salary, a...

  19. 12 CFR 608.841 - Requesting current paying agency to offset salary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... salary. 608.841 Section 608.841 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES Offset Against Salary § 608.841 Requesting current paying agency to offset salary. (a) To request a paying agency to impose a salary offset against amounts owed to...

  20. 27 CFR 70.162 - Levy and distraint on salary and wages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... salary and wages. 70.162 Section 70.162 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX... § 70.162 Levy and distraint on salary and wages. (a) Notice of intent to levy. Levy may be made for any... salary or wages. A levy on salary or wages is continuous from the time of the levy until the liability...

  1. 45 CFR 33.8 - Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary... SALARY OFFSET § 33.8 Voluntary repayment agreement in lieu of salary offset. (a)(1) In response to the... notice of intent to offset. An employee who wishes to repay the debt without salary offset shall also...

  2. 36 CFR 1201.32 - What are NARA's procedures for salary offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for salary offset? 1201.32 Section 1201.32 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES COLLECTION OF CLAIMS Salary Offset § 1201.32 What are NARA's procedures for salary offset? (a) NARA will coordinate salary deductions under this subpart as appropriate...

  3. 45 CFR 2506.32 - What are the Corporation's procedures for salary offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What are the Corporation's procedures for salary...) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE COLLECTION OF DEBTS Salary Offset § 2506.32 What are the Corporation's procedures for salary offset? (a) The Corporation will coordinate salary deductions under this...

  4. 12 CFR 313.46 - Notice of salary offset where FDIC is the paying agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of salary offset where FDIC is the... AND RULES OF PRACTICE PROCEDURES FOR CORPORATE DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 313.46 Notice of salary... shall send the employee a written notice of salary offset. Such notice shall advise the employee: (1...

  5. 12 CFR 313.49 - Coordinating salary offset with other agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Coordinating salary offset with other agencies... PRACTICE PROCEDURES FOR CORPORATE DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 313.49 Coordinating salary offset with... employee has consented to the salary offset in writing or has signed a statement acknowledging receipt of...

  6. 22 CFR 213.23 - Salary offset when USAID is not the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is not the creditor... Administrative Offset § 213.23 Salary offset when USAID is not the creditor agency. (a) USAID will use salary... installment, if a date other than the next established pay period. (b) Requests for salary offset must be sent...

  7. 18 CFR 367.9200 - Account 920, Administrative and general salaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., Administrative and general salaries. 367.9200 Section 367.9200 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL... and general salaries. (a) This account must include salaries, wages, bonuses and other consideration... detailed records subdividing salaries and wages by departments or other functional organization units. ...

  8. 7 CFR 3.81 - Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may... Salary Offset § 3.81 Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin. (a) Deductions to liquidate... Offset Salary to collect from the employee's current pay. (b) If the employee filed a petition for a...

  9. 22 CFR 309.18 - Voluntary repayment agreements as an alternative to salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... to salary offset. 309.18 Section 309.18 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 309.18 Voluntary repayment agreements as an alternative to salary offset. (a) In response to a notice of intent, an employee may propose a written agreement to repay the debt as an alternative to salary...

  10. Cross-Regional Differences in Meeting the Challenge of Teacher Salary Increase

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Derkachev, P. V.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of studies on the correlations of teacher pay to regional economics and to regional factors affecting the size of teacher salaries. It describes the basic pay indicators for teachers in the regions: absolute salary, teacher pay level as compared to the average regional salary, and ratio of salary to the cost of a…

  11. Wage and Salary Stabilization in a National Security Emergency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-10-01

    Arkansas Houston, Texas Eldorado, AR Bryan, TX Fayetteville, AR Lufkin, TX 2-8 Wage and Salary 2 - 9 . Region VI cont. Fort Smith, AR Waco, TX Jonesboro , AR ...applied to: financial and monetary systems: wages, salaries, and benefits; prices; rents; and rationing of essential goods. These measures are ...in terms of a number of conditions. They are : CONDITION I: Peacetime CONDITION II: National emergency (Threat of war) CONDITION ILIA: Mobilization

  12. Testimony. Federal White-Collar Employee Salary Reform

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-14

    each locality. GAO also points out that private sector companies often grant salary increases to individual employees based on their job performance...by private sector employers for similar jobs. The comparability principle holds that the private sector will determine the "going rates" for jobs...established to maintain salary comparability with the private sector has not been followed for many years. Every year, beginning in 1978, Presidents have

  13. Profile of English salaried GPs: labour mobility and practice performance.

    PubMed

    Ding, Alexander; Hann, Mark; Sibbald, Bonnie

    2008-01-01

    Recent national policy changes have provided greater flexibility in GPs' contracts. One such policy is salaried employment, which offers reduced hours and freedom from out-of-hours and administrative responsibilities, aimed at improving recruitment and retention in a labour market facing regional shortages. To profile salaried GPs and assess their mobility within the labour market. Serial cross-sectional study. All GPs practising in England during the years 1996/1997, 2000/2001, and 2004/2005. Descriptive analyses, logistic regression. Salaried GPs tended to be either younger (<35 years) or older (> or =65 years), female, or overseas-qualified; they favoured part-time working and personal medical services contracts. Salaried GPs were more mobile than GP principals, and have become increasingly so, despite a trend towards reduced overall mobility in the GP workforce. Practices with salaried GPs scored more Quality and Outcomes Framework points and were located in slightly more affluent areas. Salaried status appears to have reduced limitations in the labour market, leading to better workforce deployment from a GP's perspective. However, there is no evidence to suggest it has relieved inequalities in GP distribution.

  14. Examining gender salary disparities: an analysis of the 2003 multistate salary survey.

    PubMed

    Brown, Lawrence M; Schommer, Jon C; Mott, Dave; Gaither, Caroline A; Doucette, William R; Zgarrick, Dave P; Droege, Marcus

    2006-09-01

    Pharmacist salary and wage surveys have been conducted at the state and national level for more than 20 years; however, it is not known to what extent, if any, wage disparities due to gender still exist. The overall objective of this study was to determine if wage disparities exist among male and female pharmacists at the multistate and individual state level for each of 6 states studied. A secondary objective was to explore the effect of various demographic variables on the hourly wages of pharmacists. Data were collected from 1,688 pharmacists in 6 states during 2003 using a cross-sectional descriptive survey design. A multiple regression analysis on hourly wage testing the effects of state of practice, practice setting, position, terminal degree, and years in practice was conducted. Subsequent multiple regression analyses were conducted individually for each of the 6 states to test the effects of the above variables on hourly wage for both male and female pharmacists, followed by state-level analyses for male and female pharmacists, respectively. For the pooled data, all variables were found to be significant predictors of hourly wage, except for earning a PharmD degree without a residency or graduate degree. Gender was not a significant predictor of wage disparities in the state-level analyses. Position was the only significant predictor of wage disparities in all states (except Tennessee) such that pharmacists in management positions make significantly higher salaries than those in staff positions. The results of these analyses suggest that wage disparities due to gender do not exist at the state level for the 6 states surveyed, when controlling for practice setting, position, terminal degree, and years in practice. The larger number of men in management positions may explain lower wages for female pharmacists.

  15. Salary differences of male and female physician assistant educators.

    PubMed

    Coombs, Jennifer; Valentin, Virginia

    2014-01-01

    The Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA) annual report has shown substantial salary differences between male and female physician assistant (PA) faculty. Despite this published difference between the salaries, very little research has been conducted on the subject. The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a significant difference between male and female PA faculty salaries. The researchers set out to determine if these differences could be further distinguished by education level, rank, or position. In addition, any difference between the percentages of male and female faculty promoted to higher ranks and in leadership positions was also explored. Salary, gender, degree, rank, and position were obtained and deidentified from the 25th PAEA annual report. SPSS Version 20 was used to analyze the data. Statistical analysis included descriptive measures and an independent t test. Data from only those PA educators who reported full-time employment were used. The final analysis included 477 PA faculty salaries. Female PA educators showed statistically significant lower annual incomes than their male counterparts. The income disparity persisted when differentiated by education, rank, and position. Higher percentages of male PA faculty members were found in higher ranks and in leadership positions. This study confirms previous reports that female PA faculty earn less than their male counterparts. With increasing numbers of female PAs entering academia, the lack of women in leadership positions and the wage disparity are concerning.

  16. Salary Equity Issues in Higher Education: Where Do We Stand? AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Currents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koch, James V.

    1982-01-01

    Salary equity issues in higher education are examined with reference to sex discrimination in faculty salaries, the law and its application, judicial deference toward higher education, and the nature of salary equity evidence. The basis for most salary equity studies has been the simple observation that salaries of male professors are generally…

  17. Salary survey of the Medical Library Group of Southern California and Arizona.

    PubMed Central

    Smith, J L; Connolly, B F; Davis, M; Graham, E; Wheeler, S

    1984-01-01

    The 1982 salary survey of the Medical Library Group of Southern California and Arizona (MLGSCA) indicates that 211 health sciences librarians in Southern California and Arizona earned a mean annual salary of $20,910 for 1982. Data analysis shows a positive correlation between salary and educational level. Other factors found to affect salary were job history, number of positions held, MLA certification, and professional responsibility. Age, gender, and MLA certification did not have a consistent positive correlation with salary. Results indicate that the salaries of hospital librarians are, on the average, roughly comparable to those of academic librarians in Southern California and Arizona. PMID:6743878

  18. Salary discrepancies between practicing male and female physician assistants.

    PubMed

    Coplan, Bettie; Essary, Alison C; Virden, Thomas B; Cawley, James; Stoehr, James D

    2012-01-01

    Salary discrepancies between male and female physicians are well documented; however, gender-based salary differences among clinically practicing physician assistants (PAs) have not been studied since 1992 (Willis, 1992). Therefore, the objectives of the current study are to evaluate the presence of salary discrepancies between clinically practicing male and female PAs and to analyze the effect of gender on income and practice characteristics. Using data from the 2009 American Academy of Physician Assistants' (AAPA) Annual Census Survey, we evaluated the salaries of PAs across multiple specialties. Differences between men and women were compared for practice characteristics (specialty, experience, etc) and salary (total pay, base pay, on-call pay, etc) in orthopedic surgery, emergency medicine, and family practice. Men reported working more years as a PA in their current specialty, working more hours per month on-call, providing more direct care to patients, and more funding available from their employers for professional development (p < .001, all comparisons). In addition, men reported a higher total income, base pay, overtime pay, administrative pay, on-call pay, and incentive pay based on productivity and performance (p < .001, all comparisons). Multivariate analysis of covariance and analysis of variance revealed that men reported higher total income (p < .0001) and base pay (p = .001) in orthopedic surgery, higher total income (p = .011) and base pay (p = .005) in emergency medicine, and higher base pay in family practice (p < .001), independent of clinical experience or workload. These results suggest that certain salary discrepancies remain between employed male and female PAs regardless of specialty, experience, or other practice characteristics. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  19. Gender differences in the salaries of physician researchers.

    PubMed

    Jagsi, Reshma; Griffith, Kent A; Stewart, Abigail; Sambuco, Dana; DeCastro, Rochelle; Ubel, Peter A

    2012-06-13

    It is unclear whether male and female physician researchers who perform similar work are currently paid equally. To determine whether salaries differ by gender in a relatively homogeneous cohort of physician researchers and, if so, to determine if these differences are explained by differences in specialization, productivity, or other factors. A US nationwide postal survey was sent in 2009-2010 to assess the salary and other characteristics of a relatively homogeneous population of physicians. From all 1853 recipients of National Institutes of Health (NIH) K08 and K23 awards in 2000-2003, we contacted the 1729 who were alive and for whom we could identify a mailing address. The survey achieved a 71% response rate. Eligibility for the present analysis was limited to the 800 physicians who continued to practice at US academic institutions and reported their current annual salary. A linear regression model of self-reported current annual salary was constructed considering the following characteristics: gender, age, race, marital status, parental status, additional graduate degree, academic rank, leadership position, specialty, institution type, region, institution NIH funding rank, change of institution since K award, K award type, K award funding institute, years since K award, grant funding, publications, work hours, and time spent in research. The mean salary within our cohort was $167,669 (95% CI, $158,417-$176,922) for women and $200,433 (95% CI, $194,249-$206,617) for men. Male gender was associated with higher salary (+$13,399; P = .001) even after adjustment in the final model for specialty, academic rank, leadership positions, publications, and research time. Peters-Belson analysis (use of coefficients derived from regression model for men applied to women) indicated that the expected mean salary for women, if they retained their other measured characteristics but their gender was male, would be $12,194 higher than observed. Gender differences in salary exist

  20. Woman Professors Pressing to Close Salary Gap; Some Colleges Adjust Pay, Others Face Lawsuits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMillen, Liz

    1987-01-01

    The institutions making efforts to study and change faculty salary disparities for men and women are finding that determining what constitutes a fair salary review and adjustment is difficult. Other institutions are resisting making changes. (MSE)

  1. ERS Survey: 2008-09 Salaries of School Business Officials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Licciardi, Chris; Protheroe, Nancy

    2009-01-01

    How much were school business officials being paid during the 2008-09 school year? How do their salaries compare with those of other administrators, with those of classroom teachers, and with increases in the cost of living? In this article, the authors provide school business officials with information to address these and related questions. The…

  2. Gender Equity in Teachers' Salaries: A Multilevel Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Valerie E.; Smith, Julia B.

    1990-01-01

    Gender differences related to salaries were studied using 4,802 male and 4,092 female secondary school teachers in 377 high schools involved in the Administrator and Teacher Survey of the High School and Beyond study. Data analyses covered Catholic schools, other private schools, qualification differences, market conditions, merit pay, and faculty…

  3. Placements & Salaries Survey 2009: Jobs and Pay Take a Hit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library Journal, 2009

    2009-01-01

    "It's a recession, baby!" was the common refrain among the Library and Information Science (LIS) graduates of the class of 2008. This was a record year for the number of graduates participating in "Library Journal"'s annual Placements & Salaries survey, and they had stories to tell, providing evidence of both hard times in the job market, and some…

  4. 29 CFR 778.114 - Fixed salary for fluctuating hours.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... in the workweek. If during the course of 4 weeks this employee works 40, 44, 50, and 48 hours, his... hours of work do not customarily follow a regular schedule but vary from week to week, whose overtime work is never in excess of 50 hours in a workweek, and whose salary of $250 a week is paid with the...

  5. Library/Information Science Education, Placement, and Salaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Darlena; Gregory, Vicki L.; Wohlmuth, Sonia Ramirez

    2001-01-01

    Includes five articles: a guide to employment sources in the library and information professions, including the Internet, library joblines, specialized associations, state agencies, and overseas exchange programs; placements and salaries in 1999; accredited master's programs in library and information studies; library scholarship sources; and…

  6. Mathematical Content of Curricula and Beginning Salaries of Graduating Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, B. Brian; Lee, Jungsun

    2009-01-01

    The authors examined an association between mathematical content in college-level curricula and beginning salaries of graduating students on the basis of data collected from a public university in the southern region of the United States. The authors classified the mathematical content requirements of the curricula into the following 5 groups…

  7. Focus on Teacher Salaries: Update for 1998-99.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines, Gale F.

    For the third consecutive year, Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) states narrowed the gap between national average teacher salaries and the region's average. The regional average for 1998-99 was 88.2 percent of the national average. A year earlier, it was 87.3 percent of the national average. The average increase for SREB states was 4…

  8. Extended Year, Extended Contracts: Increasing Teacher Salary Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gandara, Patricia

    1992-01-01

    Reports on an attempt to raise teacher salaries through an extended contract made possible through year-round school schedules. Teacher satisfaction with the 1987 experiment in three California schools (the Orchard Plan) has been high. Elements that have contributed to job satisfaction are discussed. (SLD)

  9. Salary Structure Effects and the Gender Pay Gap in Academia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbezat, Debra A.; Hughes, James W.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents estimates of the gender salary gap and discrimination based on the most recent national faculty survey data. New estimates for 1999 indicate that male faculty members still earn 20.7% more than comparable female colleagues. Depending upon which decomposition technique is employed, the portion of this gap attributable to…

  10. Effects of Present Salary on Resume Evaluations: Sex Discrimination?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Thomas; Henning, Jane

    Despite legislative and judicial attempts to remedy sex discrimination in the workplace, women continue to earn 60% less than their male counterparts. One factor that could influence an employer's evaluation of an applicant is the knowledge of that applicant's salary on his or her present job. A study was conducted to determine the influence of an…

  11. Centralized Negotiations of Salaries of Professional Staff in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, LeRoy J.

    This document reports on a study conducted in six European countries -- Denmark, England, France, Norway, Scotland, and Sweden -- and suggests ways to implement Statewide negotiations in the United States. The author first provides an overview of negotiations in the United States and then gives a country-by-country analysis of salary negotiations.…

  12. Faculty Salaries and the Personnel Structure of Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sagen, H. Bradley

    Internal determinants of college faculty salary levels are discussed. It is argued that the task of maintaining faculty compensation at an adequate level is affected considerably by the nature of the faculty personnel systems, particularly the system of faculty rank and its relationship to pay. The basic dilemma lies in the way the faculty is…

  13. Salary Negotiation Patterns between Women and Men in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silva, Elise; Galbraith, Quinn

    2018-01-01

    Due to persistent wage gaps between men and women nationally, and in the field of academic librarianship, researchers wished to study possible issues that contribute to the phenomenon. This study examines the tendency for men and women to negotiate salaries in academic libraries upon hire. Researchers surveyed professional librarians employed in…

  14. From Equal to Equivalent Pay: Salary Discrimination in Academia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenfield, Ester

    1977-01-01

    Examines the federal statutes barring sex discrimination in employment and argues that the work of any two professors is comparable but not equal. Suggests using regression analysis to prove salary discrimination and discusses the legal justification for adopting regression analysis and the standard of comparable pay for comparable work.…

  15. Teaching in the States: Salary and beyond Rankings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchant, Gregory J.; McCreary, John J.

    2018-01-01

    This report investigates factors relevant to choosing locations conducive to both attainment and maintenance of a teaching career. In addition to salary and cost of living, the investigators compiled and ranked variables related to family, such as parental income and education, and differences in political structures that affect careers in…

  16. Beyond Salaries: Employee Benefits for Teachers in the SREB States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines, Gale F.

    This report summarizes teachers' and employers' contribution rates to retirement, Social Security and Medicare, and major medical plans. Several Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) states have adopted multi-year goals to raise teacher pay, which involves additional costs for benefits tied to those salary increases. These benefits can add…

  17. Measure of the Market Factors in University Faculty Salaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prather, James E.; And Others

    The faculty labor markets within a southern and a western state university were analyzed by discipline and compared with the national labor market. Data were obtained for 1978-1979 to 1981-1982 from two large universities, and selected comparisons were made with results of the Faculty Salary Survey by Discipline of Institutions Belonging to the…

  18. Faculty Status, Longevity, and Salaries among Librarians in LIBRAS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lauer, Jonathan D.; And Others

    A survey of librarians in LIBRAS, a consortium comprising 16 Chicago-area liberal arts college libraries, tested two hypotheses: (1) the salary level of the group with faculty status is significantly greater than that of the group without faculty status; and (2) there is a statistically significant correlation between the amount of professional…

  19. ERS Survey: 2009-10 Salaries of School Business Officials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Licciardi, Chris; Protheroe, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    How much were school business officials being paid during the 2009-2010 school year? How do their salaries compare with those of other administrators, with those of classroom teachers, and with increases in the cost of living? In this article, the authors provide school business officials with information to address these and related questions.…

  20. Salaries of School Business Officials, 2010-2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Licciardi, Chris; Protheroe, Nancy

    2011-01-01

    How much were school business officials paid during school year 2010-2011? How do their salaries compare with those of other administrators, with those of classroom teachers, and with increases in the cost of living? In this article, the authors provide school business officials with information to address these and related questions. The data…

  1. 1982 Salaries. Society Membership Survey. American Institute of Physics Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skelton, W. Keith; And Others

    Variation and changes in the salaries of members of the American Institute of Physics are examined. Graphics highlighting some of the patterns are presented, along with detailed tables and brief summary text. The data are based on a sample survey of the U.S. members conducted in spring 1982. The overall response rate was 67 percent. Tables cover…

  2. 25 CFR 513.30 - When may the Commission use salary offset to collect debts?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When may the Commission use salary offset to collect... GENERAL PROVISIONS DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 513.30 When may the Commission use salary offset to... salary offset under the authority of: 5 U.S.C. 5514; 31 U.S.C. 3716; 5 CFR part 550, subpart K; 31 CFR...

  3. Measuring Changes in Salaries and Wages in Public Schools. 1984 Edition. ERS School Management Reference Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.

    The Composite Indicator of Changes (CIC) in average salaries and wages paid by public school systems is designed to reflect overall changes, to compare salary trends among various categories of personnel, and to analyze salary trends in an individual school system and among groups of school systems. Annual updates of the CIC are computed from data…

  4. Faculty Salary Equity: Issues in Regression Model Selection. AIR 1992 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Nelle

    This paper discusses the determination of college faculty salary inequity and identifies the areas in which human judgment must be used in order to conduct a statistical analysis of salary equity. In addition, it provides some informed guidelines for making those judgments. The paper provides a framework for selecting salary equity models, based…

  5. National Faculty Salary Survey by Discipline and Rank in Private Colleges and Universities, 1985-86.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appalachian State Univ., Boone, NC.

    Salary data for full-time faculty in 46 selected disciplines at 440 private colleges and universities are presented based on the 1985-86 National Faculty Salary Survey by Discipline and Rank in Private Colleges and Universities. Information was collected on salaries for 38,890 faculty members employed at 440 private colleges and universities.…

  6. National Faculty Salary Survey by Discipline and Rank in State Colleges and Universities, 1985-86.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appalachian State Univ., Boone, NC.

    Salary data for full-time faculty in 46 selected disciplines at 262 state colleges and universities are presented based on the 1985-86 National Faculty Salary Survey by Discipline and Rank in State Colleges and Universities. Information was collected on salaries for 63,623 faculty members employed at 262 state colleges and universities.…

  7. Full-time Faculty and Civil Service Salaries at Illinois Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This report presents an analysis of weighted average salaries for full-time faculty and civil service employees at Illinois public and independent colleges and universities, and the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy. The report includes average salaries for fiscal years 1985, 1990, and 1996-98 and compares salaries with select economic…

  8. Cost of Living and Taxation Adjustments in Salary Comparisons. AIR 1993 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeglen, Marie E.; Tesfagiorgis, Gebre

    This study examined faculty salaries at 50 higher education institutions using methods to adjust salaries for geographic differences, cost of living, and tax burdens so that comparisons were based on real rather than nominal value of salaries. The study sample consisted of one public doctorate granting institution from each state and used salary…

  9. Rank-Order Distribution of Administrative Salaries Paid, 1985-86. Nineteenth Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville. Office of Institutional Research.

    Results of a survey of salaries of full-time administrators at public, doctoral-granting institutions for 1985-1986 are presented. Rank order distributions of 12-month administrative salaries are provided for 156 state universities in 49 states and 33 university systems in 27 states. Salary data for 151 universities in 47 states are also arranged…

  10. Rank-Order Distribution of Administrative Salaries Paid, 1986-87. Twentieth Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville. Office of Institutional Research.

    Results of a survey of salaries of full-time administrators at public, doctoral-granting institutions for 1986-1987 are presented. Rank order distributions of 12-month administrative salaries are provided for 151 state universities in 49 states and 29 university systems in 23 states. Salary data for 151 universities are also arranged into the nine…

  11. Salaries in Universities and Colleges in 1920. Bulletin, 1920, No. 20

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior, 1920

    1920-01-01

    Undoubtedly the most critical question now before the university and college public is the question of salaries. The avowed purpose of many of the drives for additional funds for the support of the higher institutions is the increasing of the salaries of college officers and teachers. It is well known that the general level of such salaries is far…

  12. Faculty Salaries in Washington Public Higher Education, 1977-79. Report No. 78-11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Council for Postsecondary Education, Olympia.

    This report on faculty salaries in Washington public higher education is divided into two parts: a status report and a commentary dealing with the questions emanating from an analysis of faculty salaries and fringe benefits. The status report provides background information on faculty salary recommendations made by the Council for Postsecondary…

  13. Employment, Salary, and Placement Information Related to Career Programs at Johnson County Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conklin, Karen A.

    This report contains employment, salary, and placement information related to career programs at Johnson County Community College (JCCC, Kansas) as of December 1998. Employment and salary projections for the greater Kansas City area, the state of Kansas, and the nation, as well as salary and placement information for JCCC program completers, are…

  14. How Large Is the Gap in Salaries of Male and Female Engineers? SRS Issue Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lal, Bhavya; Yoon, Sam; Carlson, Ken

    This issue brief examines the gender salary gap in engineering, an occupation in which women held 10% of the jobs in 1995. Using multivariate regression analysis, various potential explanations for the salary gap in this field are explored. It was concluded that the salary gap is primarily explained by the fact that female engineers, on average,…

  15. 20 CFR 361.10 - Written agreement to repay debt as alternative to salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... alternative to salary offset. 361.10 Section 361.10 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD INTERNAL... EMPLOYEES § 361.10 Written agreement to repay debt as alternative to salary offset. (a) Notification by... debt as an alternative to salary offset. Any employee who wishes to do this must submit a proposed...

  16. The Influence of Performance-Based Accountability on the Distribution of Teacher Salary Increases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bifulco, Robert

    2010-01-01

    This study examines how aspects of a district's institutional and policy environment influence the distribution of teacher salary increases. The primary hypothesis tested is that statewide performance-based accountability policies influence the extent to which districts backload teacher salary increases. I use data on teacher salaries from the…

  17. 5 CFR 179.209 - Voluntary repayment agreement as alternative to salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... alternative to salary offset. 179.209 Section 179.209 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.209 Voluntary repayment agreement as alternative to salary offset. (a)(1) In response to a notice of intent, an employee may propose...

  18. 29 CFR 778.325 - Effect on salary covering more than 40 hours' pay.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect on salary covering more than 40 hours' pay. 778.325... COMPENSATION Special Problems Reduction in Workweek Schedule with No Change in Pay § 778.325 Effect on salary covering more than 40 hours' pay. The same reasoning applies to salary covering straight time pay for a...

  19. 24 CFR 17.134 - Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin. 17.134 Section 17.134 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department... Government Salary Offset Provisions § 17.134 Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin. (a...

  20. 45 CFR 2506.33 - How will the Corporation coordinate salary offsets with other agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How will the Corporation coordinate salary offsets... (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE COLLECTION OF DEBTS Salary Offset § 2506.33 How will the Corporation coordinate salary offsets with other agencies? (a) Responsibilities of the...

  1. Rethinking High School Principal Compensation Practices: An Analysis of Salaries in South Carolina and Theoretical Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Tim A.

    2012-01-01

    This study described the current state of principal salaries in South Carolina and compared the salaries of similar size schools by specific report card performance and demographic variables. Based on the findings, theoretical models were proposed, and comparisons were made with current salary data. School boards, human resource personnel and…

  2. 40 CFR 13.22 - Salary offset when EPA is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Salary offset when EPA is the creditor... COLLECTION STANDARDS Administrative Offset § 13.22 Salary offset when EPA is the creditor agency. (a... through salary offset, EPA will first provide the employee with the opportunity to pay in full the amount...

  3. 38 CFR 1.991 - Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedures for salary offset: when deductions may begin. 1.991 Section 1.991 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Salary Offset Provisions § 1.991 Procedures for salary offset...

  4. 48 CFR 731.205-71 - Salary supplements for Host Government employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Salary supplements for... Contracts With Commercial Organizations 731.205-71 Salary supplements for Host Government employees. (a... fifty percent of its financial support from the government. (b) General. Salary supplement occurs when...

  5. 24 CFR 17.135 - Procedures for salary offset: types of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset: types of collection. 17.135 Section 17.135 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary... the Government Salary Offset Provisions § 17.135 Procedures for salary offset: types of collection. A...

  6. Teacher Salary and National Achievement: A Cross-National Analysis of 30 Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akiba, Motoko; Chiu, Yu-Lun; Shimizu, Kazuhiko; Liang, Guodong

    2012-01-01

    Using national teacher salary data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and student achievement data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), this study compared secondary school teacher salary in 30 countries and examined the relationship between average teacher salary and national…

  7. 5 CFR 838.622 - Cost-of-living and salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost-of-living and salary adjustments....622 Cost-of-living and salary adjustments. (a)(1) A court order that awards adjustments to a former... such as “salary adjustments” or “pay adjustments” occurring after the date of the decree provides...

  8. 7 CFR 3.82 - Procedures for salary offset: types of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset: types of collection. 3.82 Section 3.82 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Federal Salary Offset § 3.82 Procedures for salary offset: types of collection. A debt will be collected in a lump-sum...

  9. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency... Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process requirements... through salary offset, USAID will first provide the employee with the opportunity to pay in full the...

  10. 40 CFR 13.23 - Salary offset when EPA is not the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Salary offset when EPA is not the... CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Administrative Offset § 13.23 Salary offset when EPA is not the creditor... period. (4) Unless the employee has consented in writing to the salary deductions or signed a statement...

  11. 12 CFR 1704.29 - Coordinating salary offset with other agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Coordinating salary offset with other agencies... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT OFHEO ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 1704.29 Coordinating salary offset with other agencies. (a) Responsibility of OFHEO as the creditor agency. (1) OFHEO...

  12. 26 CFR 301.6334-2 - Wages, salary, and other income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Wages, salary, and other income. 301.6334-2....6334-2 Wages, salary, and other income. (a) In general. Under section 6334 (a)(9) and (d) certain amounts payable to or received by a taxpayer as wages, salary, or other income are exempt from levy. This...

  13. 7 CFR 400.136 - Procedures for salary offset; when deductions may begin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset; when deductions may... Management-Regulations for the 1986 and Succeeding Crop Years § 400.136 Procedures for salary offset; when... amount outlined in the Notice of Intent to collect from the employee's salary, as provided for in § 400...

  14. Faculty Salaries at California's Public Universities, 2007-08. Commission Report 07-15

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2007

    2007-01-01

    To prepare this report, the Commission examined faculty salary data supplied by the University of California (UC) and the California State University (CSU) systems. This report compares faculty salaries at California's public universities with faculty salaries at comparable institutions of higher education. Based on five-year trend projections,…

  15. 20 CFR 361.11 - Procedures for salary offset: When deductions may begin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset: When deductions... § 361.11 Procedures for salary offset: When deductions may begin. (a) Deductions to liquidate an... a debt is completed, offset shall be made from subsequent payments of any nature (e.g., final salary...

  16. 7 CFR 3.83 - Procedures for salary offset: methods of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset: methods of collection. 3.83 Section 3.83 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Federal Salary Offset § 3.83 Procedures for salary offset: methods of collection. (a) General. A debt will be collected...

  17. 24 CFR 17.137 - Procedures for salary offset: imposition of interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset: imposition of interest. 17.137 Section 17.137 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary... the Government Salary Offset Provisions § 17.137 Procedures for salary offset: imposition of interest...

  18. 36 CFR 1201.33 - How will NARA coordinate salary offsets with other agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... salary offsets with other agencies? 1201.33 Section 1201.33 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES COLLECTION OF CLAIMS Salary Offset § 1201.33 How will NARA coordinate salary offsets with other agencies? (a) Responsibilities of NARA as the creditor agency...

  19. 12 CFR 1704.27 - Notice of salary offset where OFHEO is the paying agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of salary offset where OFHEO is the..., DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT OFHEO ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 1704.27 Notice of salary offset where OFHEO is the paying agency. (a) Notice. Upon issuance of a proper...

  20. 26 CFR 1.280C-1 - Disallowance of certain deductions for wage or salary expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... salary expenses. 1.280C-1 Section 1.280C-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... certain deductions for wage or salary expenses. If an employer elects to claim the targeted jobs credit... deduction for wage or salary expenses paid or incurred in the year the credit is earned by the amount...

  1. 38 CFR 1.990 - Written agreement to repay debt as alternative to salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... repay debt as alternative to salary offset. 1.990 Section 1.990 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Salary Offset Provisions § 1.990 Written agreement to repay debt as alternative to salary offset. (a) Notification by employee. The employee may propose, in...

  2. 24 CFR 17.136 - Procedures for salary offset: methods of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset: methods of collection. 17.136 Section 17.136 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary... the Government Salary Offset Provisions § 17.136 Procedures for salary offset: methods of collection...

  3. 24 CFR 17.133 - Written agreement to repay debt as alternative to salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... alternative to salary offset. 17.133 Section 17.133 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary... the Government Salary Offset Provisions § 17.133 Written agreement to repay debt as alternative to salary offset. (a) Notification by employee. The employee may propose, in response to a Notice of Intent...

  4. 29 CFR 778.323 - Effect if salary is for variable workweek.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect if salary is for variable workweek. 778.323 Section... Special Problems Reduction in Workweek Schedule with No Change in Pay § 778.323 Effect if salary is for... employees hired on a salary basis, the regular rate depends in part on the agreement of the parties as to...

  5. Instructional Support Costs Related to Faculty Salary Costs. Report No. 79-02.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hample, Stephen R.

    Nonfaculty salary (instructional support) costs for Montana State University (MSU) are examined with specific reference to the adequacy of the 25 percent nonfaculty salary allowance for other costs. Two concepts are examined: nonfaculty salary expenses within the instruction program (direct instructional support costs) and both direct support…

  6. Variation in Teacher Salaries in Georgia: Does the Property Tax Base Matter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, John V.

    2009-01-01

    There is a great deal of variation in teacher salaries across school districts. This is important because districts that pay low salaries are likely to have greater trouble recruiting and retaining quality teachers. Regression analysis reveals that local supplements--payments exceeding the state minimum salary schedule--are affected by a number of…

  7. The Masculinity of Money: Automatic Stereotypes Predict Gender Differences in Estimated Salaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Melissa J.; Paluck, Elizabeth Levy; Spencer-Rodgers, Julie

    2010-01-01

    We present the first empirical investigation of why men are assumed to earn higher salaries than women (the "salary estimation effect"). Although this phenomenon is typically attributed to conscious consideration of the national wage gap (i.e., real inequities in salary), we hypothesize instead that it reflects differential, automatic economic…

  8. Instructional Faculty Salaries for Academic Year 1985-86. OERI Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kroe, Elaine

    National salary data for instructional faculty for 1985-1986 are presented, along with a narrative overview, based on 2,952 responses to the Higher Education General Information Survey of Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits of Full-Time Instructional Faculty. Academic year 1985-1986 was the fifth consecutive year that salary increases for…

  9. NAIS Member School Tuition Fees, Teacher Salaries, Administrator and Staff Salaries, 1986-87. NAIS Statistics, Fall 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Independent Schools, Boston, MA.

    This report is compiled from information provided by National Association of Independent Schools member schools in a 1986 survey of school tuitions and staff salaries. Of the 900 schools in the United States and Canada that were surveyed, 853, or 94.8 percent, responded. The report is organized in five sections. Section 1 summarizes survey results…

  10. Salaries and Wages Paid Professional and Support Personnel in Public Schools, 2010-2011. National Survey of Salaries and Wages in Public Schools: A Reference Tool for School Administrators. 38th Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Protheroe, Nancy; Licciardi, Christopher M.; Cooke, Willa D.

    2011-01-01

    This report presents salary and wage data collected as part of the "ERS National Survey of Salaries and Wages in Public Schools, 2010-2011." The survey, conducted in Fall 2010, collected data on salaries scheduled and salaries paid for 23 selected professional positions and 10 selected support positions in public school systems throughout the…

  11. An analysis of China's physician salary payment system.

    PubMed

    Ran, Li-mei; Luo, Kai-jian; Wu, Yun-cheng; Yao, Lan; Feng, You-mei

    2013-04-01

    Physician payment system (PPS) is a principal incentive system to motivate doctors to provide excellent care for patients. During the past decade, physician remuneration in China has not been in proportional to physician's average work load and massive responsibilities. This paper reviewed the constitution of the PPS in China, and further discussed the problems and issues to be addressed with respect to pay for performance. Our study indicated that the lower basic salary and bonus distribution tied to "profits" was the major contributor to the physician's profit-driven incentive and the potential cause for the speedy growth of health expenditures. We recommend that government funding to hospitals should be increased to fully cover physicians' basic salary, a flexible human resource and talent management mechanism needs to be established that severs personal interest between physicians and hospitals, and modern performance assessment and multiplexed payment systems should be piloted to encourage physicians to get the more legitimate compensation.

  12. Salaries and Wages Paid Professional and Support Personnel in Public Schools, 2009-2010. A Reference Tool for School Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Protheroe, Nancy; Licciardi, Christopher M.; Cooke, Willa D.

    2010-01-01

    This report presents salary and wage data collected as part of the 37th edition of the "ERS National Survey of Salaries and Wages in Public Schools, 2009-2010." The survey, conducted in fall 2008, collected data on salaries scheduled and salaries paid for 23 selected professional positions and 10 selected support positions in public school systems…

  13. Salaries and Wages Paid Professional and Support Personnel in Public Schools, 2008-09. A Reference Tool for School Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Research Service, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This report presents salary and wage data collected as part of the "Educational Research Service (ERS) National Survey of Salaries and Wages in Public Schools, 2008-2009." The survey, conducted in fall 2008, collected data on salaries scheduled and salaries paid for 23 selected professional positions and 10 selected support positions in public…

  14. Findings from the most recent Medical Library Association salary survey

    PubMed Central

    Wallace, Marc; McMullen, Thomas D.; Corcoran, Kate

    2004-01-01

    Objective: The objective is to provide information on basic issues in library management identified by the Medical Library Association's (MLA's) seventh triennial salary survey. Methods: The survey was a Web-based questionnaire. A nonrandom sample of persons was obtained by posting messages to MLA's membership and to the MEDLIB-L email discussion list. Employed MLA members and nonmembers employed in medical library settings filled out a Web-based form designed using common gateway interface (CGI) programming. Results: Six hundred forty-five usable responses were analyzed by the Hay Group and presented in the MLA publication, Hay Group/MLA 2001 Compensation and Benefits Survey. Results from the 2001 survey in this article focus on pay and job satisfaction. Salary survey results since 1983 were analyzed to review trends in seniority, diversity, and pay equity. Conclusions: Given the age progression of respondents from 1983 to 2001, it is clear that succession planning is a core issue for medical libraries. Although efforts to create more diversity in medical libraries in member organizations have started to yield results, pay for white respondents has increased at a higher rate than for other racial categories. The authors found that the pay-for-performance system in the organizations of approximately two-thirds of the respondents is suboptimized and that most of the reasons medical librarians cite for leaving their organization can be addressed and potentially changed by management. Results from the eighth salary survey, slated to be conducted in the fall of 2004, will further track these trends and issues. PMID:15494762

  15. Findings from the most recent Medical Library Association salary survey.

    PubMed

    Wallace, Marc; McMullen, Thomas D; Corcoran, Kate

    2004-10-01

    The objective is to provide information on basic issues in library management identified by the Medical Library Association's (MLA's) seventh triennial salary survey. The survey was a Web-based questionnaire. A nonrandom sample of persons was obtained by posting messages to MLA's membership and to the MEDLIB-L e-mail discussion list. Employed MLA members and nonmembers employed in medical library settings filled out a Web-based form designed using common gateway interface (CGI) programming. Six hundred forty-five usable responses were analyzed by the Hay Group and presented in the MLA publication, Hay Group/MLA 2001 Compensation and Benefits Survey. Results from the 2001 survey in this article focus on pay and job satisfaction. Salary survey results since 1983 were analyzed to review trends in seniority, diversity, and pay equity. Given the age progression of respondents from 1983 to 2001, it is clear that succession planning is a core issue for medical libraries. Although efforts to create more diversity in medical libraries in member organizations have started to yield results, pay for white respondents has increased at a higher rate than for other racial categories. The authors found that the pay-for-performance system in the organizations of approximately two-thirds of the respondents is suboptimized and that most of the reasons medical librarians cite for leaving their organization can be addressed and potentially changed by management. Results from the eighth salary survey, slated to be conducted in the fall of 2004, will further track these trends and issues.

  16. Sex differences in physician salary in U.S. public medical schools

    PubMed Central

    Jena, Anupam B.; Olenski, Andrew R.; Blumenthal, Daniel M.

    2017-01-01

    Importance Limited evidence exists on salary differences between male and female academic physicians, largely due to difficulty obtaining data on salary and factors influencing salary. Existing studies have been limited by reliance on survey-based approaches to measuring sex differences in earnings, lack of contemporary data, small sample sizes, or limited geographic representation. Objective To analyze sex differences in earnings among U.S. academic physicians. Design, setting, and participants Freedom of Information laws mandate release of salary information of public university employees in several states. In 12 states with salary information published online, we extracted salary data on 10,241 academic physicians at 24 public medical schools. We linked this data to a unique physician database with detailed information on sex, age, years of experience, faculty rank, specialty, scientific authorship, NIH funding, clinical trial participation, and Medicare reimbursements (proxy for clinical revenue). We estimated sex differences in salary adjusting for these factors. Exposure Physician sex Main outcome measures Annual salary Results Female physicians had lower unadjusted salaries than male physicians ($206,641 vs. $257,957; difference $51,315; 95% CI $46,330–$56,301). Sex differences persisted after multivariable adjustment ($227,782 vs. $247,661; difference $19,878; 95% CI $15,261–$24,495). Sex differences in salary varied across specialties, institutions, and faculty ranks. Female full and associate professors had comparable adjusted salaries to those of male associate and assistant professors, respectively. Conclusions and relevance Among physicians with faculty appointments at 24 U.S. public medical schools, significant sex differences in salary exist even after accounting for age, experience, specialty, faculty rank, and measures of research productivity and clinical revenue. PMID:27400435

  17. 29 CFR 778.322 - Reducing the fixed workweek for which a salary is paid.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reducing the fixed workweek for which a salary is paid. 778... workweek for which a salary is paid. If an employee whose maximum hours standard is 40 hours was hired at a salary of $200 for a fixed workweek of 40 hours, his regular rate at the time of hiring was $5 per hour...

  18. 2011 critical care transport workplace and salary survey.

    PubMed

    Greene, Michael J

    2011-01-01

    Critical care transport (CCT) leaders from 260 organizations were invited to participate in an online, hosted survey of industry compensation and workplace practices. Approximately 150 questions were presented to participants, soliciting a broad base of information on CCT organizations, personnel, compensation, and workplace practices, notably alertness and fatigue management. CCT organizational salaries are represented by common job class and reported by summary with minimum, middle, and maximum hourly rates in a national aggregate and by Association of Air Medical Services region. Copyright © 2011 Air Medical Journal Associates. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Salaried contracts in UK general practice: a study of job satisfaction and stress.

    PubMed

    Gosden, Toby; Williams, Jacky; Petchey, Roland; Leese, Brenda; Sibbald, Bonnie

    2002-01-01

    To compare job satisfaction and stress levels of general practitioners (GPs) employed on salaried contracts with GPs on a 'standard' performance-related contract paid by fee-for-service and capitation. Job satisfaction and stress levels were assessed using data from two postal surveys of GPs: a national survey of 'standard' contract GPs carried out in 1998; and a survey of salaried GPs and their non-salaried GP employers in 1999. Differences in satisfaction and stress scores were assessed by t-tests; regression analysis was used to control for confounding factors and possible selection bias. We achieved a response rate of 77% in the 1999 survey of salaried and non-salaried GPs; 48% of 'standard' contract GPs responded in the 1998 survey. We found that salaried GPs were as satisfied overall as both non-salaried GP employers and GPs on the 'standard' contract, even after controlling for confounding factors and selection bias. Salaried GPs were more satisfied with their remuneration, working hours and the recognition they got for their work. They experienced more stress with two factors but less stress with 19 factors compared with the 'standard' contract GPs. Overall job satisfaction levels among salaried doctors were similar to those of doctors on contracts paid by mixed fee-for-service and capitation. Future studies of job satisfaction levels under different doctor payment systems need to take account of the extent to which doctors have preferences for different types of contract if they are to derive unbiased results.

  20. Entry-level dietitians' salaries and benefits: comparisons with those of other selected health care professionals.

    PubMed

    Loushine, S K; Vaden, A G

    1985-10-01

    Data on salaries and fringe benefits of entry-level hospital dietitians were provided by surveys sent to personnel administrators in seven Midwestern states. In September 1982, the annual mean salary offered to dietitians awaiting registration was +16,472, whereas that for entry-level registered dietitians (R.D.s) was +17,250. In the smallest hospitals, annual mean salaries for R.D.s were lowest; non-metropolitan salaries were 2.8% lower than the metropolitan salaries. The salaries of entry-level R.D.s increased 54% from 1977 to 1982, while the Consumer Price Index (CPl), North Central, increased 59.7%. Salaries for selected entry-level health professionals ranked in decreasing order as follows: pharmacist, physical therapist, occupational therapist, social worker, staff nurse, dietitian, medical technologist, and respiratory therapist. Nationally, the entry-level dietitian's mean annual salary was +630 higher than that of the Midwestern dietitian. The increase in the national CPl from 1977 to 1982 was 57%, while the increase in the dietitian's salary was 48%. Leave time generally included 12 sick days, 2 weeks' vacation, 6 holidays, and 3 personal days per year. Employers contribute various amounts to life, health, and dental insurance costs. Discounts often were permitted on various hospital services. More than 80% of the hospitals surveyed provided some reimbursement for continuing education, and 74% permitted educational leaves of absence.

  1. Report on audit of Department of Energy`s contractor salary increase fund

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-04-04

    The Department of Energy (Department) uses contractors to operate its facilities and compensates contractor employees based on their skills, complexity of jobs, and work performance. Thirty-one of the Department`s major contractors reported a total payroll of $4.3 billion and $4.4 billion during 1994 and 1995, respectively. The 31 contractors also reported awarding salary increases of $18 million for 1994 and $200 million for 1995. The purpose of the audit was to review the process used to determine and approve the amount of salary increases for contractor employees. The specific audit objective was to determine whether salary increases received by contractormore » employees were in accordance with Departmental policies and procedures. The Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) requires that contractor salary actions be within specific limitations, supportable, and approved prior to incurrence of costs. In addition, the Secretary of Energy imposed a 1 year salary freeze on the merit portion of management and operating contractor employee salaries for each contractor`s Fiscal Year 1994 compensation year. However, a fund for promotions and adjustments was approved but limited to 0.5 percent of payroll for the year. A review of eight major contractors showed that six complied with the Department`s policies on salary increases. The other two gave salary increases that were not always in accordance with Departmental policies. This resulted in both contractors not fully complying with the pay freeze in 1994 and exceeding their salary increase fund budgets in 1995. If these two contractors had implemented Department and contract requirements and contracting officers had properly performed their contract administrative responsibilities concerning salary increase funds, both contractors would have frozen salary increases and would not have exceeded their annual budgets.« less

  2. A comparison of dental hygienists' salaries to state dental supervision levels.

    PubMed

    Catlett, April

    2014-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of dental supervision on registered dental hygienists' salaries in the 50 states and District of Columbia by comparing the average dental hygiene salaries from the largest metropolitan city within each state from May 2011, the most recent valid data, in relation to the required level of dental supervision. A retrospective contrasted-group quasi-experimental design analysis was conducted using the most current mean dental hygiene salaries for the largest metropolitan city within each state and the District of Columbia which was matched to the appropriate dental supervision level. In addition, a dental assisting salary control group was utilized and correlated to the appropriate dental hygienist salary in the same metropolitan city and state. Samples were obtained from the U.S. Department of Labor. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) statistical analysis was utilized to assess the relationship of the 5 levels of dentist supervision, with the registered dental hygienist salaries. The MANOVA analysis was also utilized to assess the control group, dental assistant salaries. No statistically significant results were found among the dental supervision levels on the measures of dental hygiene salaries and dental assistant salaries. Wilks's Λ=0.81, F (8, 90)=1.29, p=0.26. Analyses of variances (ANOVA) on the dependent variables were also conducted as follow-up tests to the MANOVA. Study results suggest dental hygienists who are required to have a dentist on the premises to complete any dental treatment obtain similar salaries to those dental hygienists who are allowed to work in some settings unsupervised by a dentist. Therefore, dental supervision does not seem to have an impact on dental hygienists' salaries. Copyright © 2014 The American Dental Hygienists’ Association.

  3. Measuring Changes in Salaries and Wages in Public Schools: 2000 Edition. 27th Annual Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Alicia R.; Cooke, Willa D.; Davis, Andrea M.; Miller, Oronde A.; Lewis, JoAnn

    This annual survey reports comparable salary data for 22 professional positions. The purpose of this edition is to aid in the analysis of trends in average salaries and wages paid public-school employees in the six component groups of school personnel over the previous 10 years. This report shows how the Composite Indicator of Changes (CIC) in…

  4. Measuring Changes in Salaries and Wages in Public Schools: 1988 Edition. ERS School Management Reference Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.

    The Educational Research Service annually reports an important statistical measure, the Composite Indicator of Changes in Average Salaries and Wages Paid by Public School Systems (CIC), which is designed to reflect overall changes in average salaries and wages paid by school systems in much the same way that the Dow Jones Average or the Standard…

  5. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules. 201.202 Section 201.202 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.202 Purpose and scope of salary and administrative...

  6. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules. 201.202 Section 201.202 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.202 Purpose and scope of salary and administrative...

  7. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules. 201.202 Section 201.202 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.202 Purpose and scope of salary and administrative...

  8. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules. 201.202 Section 201.202 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.202 Purpose and scope of salary and administrative...

  9. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules. 201.202 Section 201.202 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.202 Purpose and scope of salary and administrative...

  10. Use of Automatic Interaction Detector in Monitoring Faculty Salaries. AIR 1983 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Margaret E.

    A university's use of the Automatic Interaction Detector (AID) to monitor faculty salary data is described. The first step consists of examining a tree diagram and summary table produced by AID. The tree is used to identify the characteristics of faculty at different salary levels. The table is used to determine the explanatory power of the…

  11. Innovative Management of Budget Deficits: A Proportional Salary and Time Reduction Scheme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloper, David

    1989-01-01

    An approach to institutional budgeting designed to alleviate accumulated deficits is described. The proposal introduces flexibility into the salary component, alleviating cash flow difficulties in the short to medium term and encouraging more proactive budgeting, by allowing employees to contract for reduced annual salary in exchange for reduced…

  12. Examining the Relationships among Doctoral Completion Time, Gender, and Future Salary Prospects for Physical Scientists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potvin, Geoff; Tai, Robert H.

    2012-01-01

    Using data from a national survey of Ph.D.-holding chemists and physicists, time-to-doctoral degree is found to be a strong predictor of salary: each additional year in graduate school corresponds to a significantly lower average salary. This is true even while controlling for standard measures of scientific merit (grant funding and publication…

  13. Twenty-Eighth Annual Rank-Order Distribution of Administrative Salaries Paid, 1994-95.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville. Office of Institutional Research.

    This report presents comparative data collected from 103 state-supported universities or university systems in 47 states, and 38 university systems representing 30 states, on the administrative salaries they paid in 1994-95. The salaries are presented in rank-order (from highest to lowest) to facilitate comparisons of a participant's relative…

  14. Thirtieth Annual Rank-Order Distribution of Administrative Salaries Paid, 1996-97.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville. Office of Institutional Research.

    This report presents comparative data collected from 87 state-supported universities in 45 states, and 27 university systems representing 21 states, on the administrative salaries they paid in 1996-97. The salaries are presented in rank-order (from highest to lowest) to facilitate comparisons of a participant's relative standing with other…

  15. Twenty-Fourth Annual Rank-Order Distribution of Administrative Salaries Paid, 1990-91.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville. Office of Institutional Research.

    This report summarizes the results of the annual survey conducted by the University of Arkansas in 146 state-supported universities representing 49 states and 32 university systems. The survey includes 12-month salaries of full-time administrators paid at major state-supported universities in the United States. The salaries are distributed in rank…

  16. Twenty-Ninth Annual Rank-Order Distribution of Administrative Salaries Paid, 1995-96.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville. Office of Institutional Research.

    This report presents comparative data collected from 98 state-supported universities in 47 states, and 38 university systems representing 30 states, on the administrative salaries they paid in 1994-95. The salaries are presented in rank-order (from highest to lowest) to facilitate comparisons of a participant's relative standing with other…

  17. Twenty-Seventh Annual Rank-Order Distribution of Administrative Salaries Paid, 1993-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville. Office of Institutional Research.

    This study presents comparative data collected from 85 state-supported universities or university systems in 45 states, and 35 university systems representing 28 states on the administrative salaries they paid in 1993-94. The salaries are presented in rank-order (from highest to lowest) to facilitate comparisons of a particular position's salary…

  18. Rationality in Public Sector Salary Scales: The Case of Rural Teachers in Pakistan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Shahrukh Rafi

    2002-01-01

    Examines the relationship between a public-sector teacher salary structure based on qualifications and experience and teacher effectiveness in rural Pakistan. Findings raise questions regarding the rationality of the salary structure's assumed positive association between teacher monetary incentives, teacher cognitive skills, and student academic…

  19. Teachers' Remarks about Their Salaries in 1800 in the Helvetic Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brühwiler, Ingrid

    2015-01-01

    For centuries, teachers have complained about their salaries. In the Stapfer inquiry of 1799, some teachers made remarks about financial issues, particularly their low incomes. This inquiry is the main source for the arguments presented here regarding teachers' low salary during this period of the Helvetic Republic. The disparity between the…

  20. Title IX: Parity of Coaches' Salaries for Male and Female Athletic Teams.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC.

    A study by the National Education Association (NEA) of the existing literature, teacher opinion polls, federal legislation and regulations, state salary schedules, and collective bargaining agreements revealed important information concerning the differences in salaries in the late 1970s for coaches of male and female athletic teams in the public…

  1. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. 213.22 Section 213.22 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CLAIMS COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process requirements...

  2. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. 213.22 Section 213.22 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CLAIMS COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process requirements...

  3. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. 213.22 Section 213.22 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CLAIMS COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process requirements...

  4. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. 213.22 Section 213.22 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CLAIMS COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process requirements...

  5. A Study of Fringe Benefits and Selected Salaries of California Community College Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kern Community Coll. District, Bakersfield, CA.

    A questionnaire requesting fringe benefit and salary information was mailed to the 70 California community college districts. Data, with the 1977-78 salary schedule provided by each district, were used to determine compensation. After fringe benefit information was determined, the dollar amount for each plan was calculated at each of three salary…

  6. A Study of Certificated Salaries and Fringe Benefits of California Community College Districts, 1990-91.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kern Community Coll. District, Bakersfield, CA.

    In January 1991, a study was conducted to assess the fringe benefit programs of community college districts in California, and to determine the total dollar amounts paid to certified employees. Questionnaires requesting fringe benefits and salary information for 1990-91 were mailed to all 71 districts in the state. Rankings of salaries at three…

  7. The Effect of the Proportion of Women on Salaries: The Case of College Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfeffer, Jeffrey; Davis-Blake, Alison

    1987-01-01

    Examines the effect of the proportion of women administrators on both men's and women's salaries in colleges and universities. Identifies four theoretical predictors: economic competition and crowding, demographic group power, group interaction, and institutionalization. Increasing the proportion of women actually decreases salaries for both…

  8. Salaries of New Superintendents: A Public Relations Concern for Many Public School Boards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, I. Phillip

    2007-01-01

    Salaries for new superintendents form a highly visible factor that has direct implications for school-community public relations. To provide a means for guiding school board members and to provide a format for justifying salaries, a model is presented that serves both purposes. Within this model, attention is afforded to specifying a relevant…

  9. Job Satisfaction, Salaries and Unions: The Determination of University Faculty Compensation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lillydahl, Jane H.; Singell, Larry D.

    1993-01-01

    Develops a model of faculty salaries, job satisfaction, and union status, using data for 1,729 faculty members at 4-year colleges and universities. Unions significantly and positively affect full and associate professors' salaries and increase the rewards to seniority while reducing the returns to being at a research university. Union members'…

  10. 7 CFR 400.137 - Procedures for salary offset; types of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset; types of collection. 400.137 Section 400.137 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP...-Regulations for the 1986 and Succeeding Crop Years § 400.137 Procedures for salary offset; types of collection...

  11. 20 CFR 361.13 - Procedures for salary offset: Methods of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset: Methods of collection. 361.13 Section 361.13 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION... § 361.13 Procedures for salary offset: Methods of collection. (a) General. A debt will be collected by...

  12. The Relationship between External Job Mobility and Salary Attainment across Career Stages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Simon S. K.; Ng, Thomas W. H.; Feldman, Daniel C.

    2012-01-01

    The current study examines the relationship between external job mobility and salary for employees in different career stages. Based on career stage and career timetable theories, we predict that external job mobility would generate the greatest salary benefits for early-career employees whereas external job mobility would generate fewer salary…

  13. 7 CFR 400.138 - Procedures for salary offset; methods of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset; methods of collection. 400.138 Section 400.138 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL... Management-Regulations for the 1986 and Succeeding Crop Years § 400.138 Procedures for salary offset; methods...

  14. The Impact of Principal Movement and School Achievement on Principal Salaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tran, Henry; Buckman, David G.

    2017-01-01

    This study examines whether principals' movements and school achievement are associated with their salaries. Predictors of principal salaries were examined using three years of panel data. Results from a fixed-effects regression analysis suggest that principals who moved to school leadership positions in other districts leveraged higher salaries…

  15. 20 CFR 361.12 - Procedures for salary offset: Types of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset: Types of collection. 361.12 Section 361.12 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION... § 361.12 Procedures for salary offset: Types of collection. A debt will be collected in a lump sum or in...

  16. Paychecks: A Guide to Conducting Salary-Equity Studies for Higher Education Faculty. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haignere, Lois

    This guidebook is designed as a resource for those in the higher education community who want to conduct analyses of bias in faculty salaries or to understand and interpret the results of studies presented to them. This edition will help readers detect gender and face bias in current rank, select a salary-equity consultant, understand different…

  17. Using Regression Analysis To Determine If Faculty Salaries Are Overly Compressed. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toutkoushian, Robert K.

    This paper proposes a five-step process by which to analyze whether the salary ratio between junior and senior college faculty exhibits salary compression, a term used to describe an unusually small differential between faculty with different levels of experience. The procedure utilizes commonly used statistical techniques (multiple regression…

  18. The Inequities of Salary Reduction as National Child Care Policy: Where Do We Go from Here.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soloway, Ronald

    The salary reduction plan for financing child care is of little benefit to taxpayers earning below 16,000 dollars because these working parents would receive equal or better value by using the child care tax credit. For income levels between 16,000 and 20,000 dollars, the salary reduction plan may have some marginal utility to working parents…

  19. Faculty Salaries in California Public Higher Education 1980-1981. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento.

    The University of California and the California State University and Colleges submit to the Commission data on faculty salaries and the cost of fringe benefits for their respective segments and for a group of comparison institutions. On the basis of these data, estimates are derived of the percentage changes in salaries and the cost of fringe…

  20. Gender-Based Salary Differences in African American Senior Student Affairs Officers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reason, Robert D.

    2003-01-01

    Study examined representation and salary differences related to gender for African American Senior Student Affairs Officers (SSAOs). Data from a national survey revealed gender and institutional size significantly affect mean SSAO salary for African American respondents. African American women SSAOs make significantly less than African American…

  1. A Ten Year Study of Salary Differential by Sex through a Regression Methodology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John Delane; And Others

    A 10-year study of salary differential by sex was undertaken at the University of North Dakota using a multiple regression methodology, with rank, discipline, degree, years in department, years in current rank, and sex as predictors. The sex variable evidenced lower salaries for women when controlling for the other variables throughout the study…

  2. Estimation of Teacher Salary Schedules. Educational Planning Occasional Papers No. 6/72.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burtnyk, W. A.

    This paper describes the method used by Tracz and Burtnyk for the estimation of future salary schedules in the Ontario secondary school system. The application of the algorithm to the Ontario secondary school system predicts a possible breakdown in the fixed step salary schedule at about 1980. This situation results primarily because of the…

  3. Estimating a Competitive Salary for Lead Teachers in a Local School District from Survey Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohn, Elchanan; Bird, Ronald

    Data from the 1986 Current Population Survey (CPS) and a 1987 survey of public and private enterprises in Orangeburg, South Carolina, provide the basis for estimating a salary schedule for lead teachers in Orangeburg School District 5. The underlying rationale for the development of lead teacher positions is described in terms of salary gaps…

  4. Using a Market Ratio Factor in Faculty Salary Equity Studies. Professional File Number 103, Spring 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luna, Andrew L.

    2007-01-01

    This study used two multiple regression analyses to develop an explanatory model to determine which model might best explain faculty salaries. The central purpose of the study was to determine if using a single market ratio variable was a stronger predictor for faculty salaries than the use of dummy variables representing various disciplines.…

  5. Effect of the Salary Model on Sustainability of a Professional Practice Environment.

    PubMed

    Hickey, Rosa G; Buchko, Barbara L; Coe, Paula F; Woods, Anne B

    2017-10-01

    This replication study examined differences in RN perception of the professional practice environment (PPE) between salary- and hourly-wage compensation models over time. A previous study demonstrated that nurses in a salary-wage model had a significantly higher perception of the PPE compared with their peers receiving hourly wages. A descriptive, comparative design was used to examine the Revised Professional Practice Environment (RPPE) scale of nurses in the same units surveyed in the previous study 2 years later. Mean scores on the RPPE continued to be significantly lower for hourly-wage RNs compared with the RNs in the salary-wage model. Nurses in an hourly-wage unit have significantly lower perceptions of the clinical practice environment than their peers in a salary-wage unit, indicating that professional practice perceptions in a salary-wage unit were sustained for a 2-year period and may provide a more effective PPE.

  6. Clinical response of salaried consultants to economic incentives.

    PubMed

    Iversen, T

    1998-01-01

    Several studies have found a relation between economic incentives and physicians' clinical decisions. The bulk of these studies deals with data from private organisations providing medical care. The purpose of the present study is to explore whether a similar relationship is valid in a system where hospital care is provided by salaried physicians in the public sector. A distinction is made between medical and economic prioritysetting. If the relative fees influence the proportion of outpatient surgery or the compositions of treatments, economic prioritysetting is said to take place. Data were collected from a sample of Norwegian hospitals. The main findings of the empirical section can be summarised in two points: (i) Economic prioritysetting seems to be applied in the choice between inpatient and outpatient surgical treatment for patients with an identical diagnosis. (ii) Medical priority setting seems to be applied in the priority among patients with different diagnoses.

  7. A Study on the Self-Adaption Incentive Performance Salary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Chuanming; Wang, Yang

    In project managing, the performance salary management mode is often used to motivate project managers and other similar staff to improve performance or reduce the cost. But the engineering activities who own a lot of internal and external uncertain factors can not be known by the principle. It is difficult for to develop a suitable incentive target to project managers etch. This paper thinks that the manager self master the maximum of information on engineering activities. So this paper sets up an incentive model: the project managers themselves report performance objectives; owner gives the managers reward or punishment combined with their reported performance and actual performance. The model to ensure that the project manager is only accurate self reported its results to get the maximum profit. At the same time, it cans incentive managers to improve performance or reduce the cost. This paper focuses on setting up the model, analyzing the model parameters. And cite an example analyze them.

  8. Gender differences in salary of internal medicine residency directors: a national survey.

    PubMed

    Willett, Lisa L; Halvorsen, Andrew J; McDonald, Furman S; Chaudhry, Saima I; Arora, Vineet M

    2015-06-01

    Whether salary disparities exist between men and women in medical education leadership roles is not known. The study objective was to determine whether salary disparities exist between male and female Internal Medicine residency program directors, and if so, to identify factors associated with the disparities and explore historical trends. The annual Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM) survey in August 2012 included items to assess the salary and demographic characteristics of program directors, which were merged with publically available program data. To assess historical trends, we used similarly obtained survey data from 2008 to 2011. The study included program directors of 370 APDIM member programs, representing 95.6% of the 387 accredited Internal Medicine training programs in the United States and Puerto Rico. Of the 370 APDIM member programs, 241 (65.1%) completed the survey, of whom 169 (70.1%) were men and 72 (29.9%) were women. Program directors' total annual salary, measured in $25,000 increments, ranged from $75,000 or less to more than $400,000. Historical trends of mode salary by gender from 2008 to 2012 were assessed. The mode salary was $200,000 to 225,000 for men and $175,000 to $200,000 for women (P = .0005). After controlling for academic rank, career in general internal medicine, and program director age, the distribution of salary remained different by gender (P = .004). Historical trends show that the difference in mode salary has persisted since 2008. Leaders in academic medical centers, residency and fellowship directors, and all faculty in medical education need to be aware that salary disparities cited decades ago persist in this sample of medical educators. Closing the gender gap will require continued advocacy for measuring and reporting salary gaps, and changing the culture of academic medical centers. Copyright © 2015 Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Salaries and Wages for Professional and Support Personnel in Public Schools, 2000-2001: A Reference Tool for Education Leaders. National Survey of Salaries and Wages in Public Schools. 28th Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Alicia D.; Protheroe, Nancy; Parks, Michael C.

    This is the 28th edition of salary and wage studies conducted annually by the Educational Research Service. It collects salary data from a national panel sample of school systems for 22 professional and 10 support positions. Consistency in study design and procedures through the years has also made this the definitive study of salary changes in…

  10. Faculty Salaries in the California Community Colleges: 1982-83 Academic Year. Commission Report 83-27.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento.

    In response to a legislative directive, this report provides salary information on part- and full-time faculty in California's community colleges. Introductory material reviews the history and preparation of the salary report. Part 1 deals with full-time faculty, including tables showing: (1) salary schedules for the University of California (UC),…

  11. A Study of the Relationship between Gender, Salary, and Student Ratings of Instruction at a Research University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magel, Rhonda C.; Doetkott, Curt; Cao, Li

    2017-01-01

    Salary studies in the United States and some other countries show a gap between male and female faculty salaries in higher education that widens over time. The present study examines one possible explanation, particularly at research universities, by examining changes in faculty salaries in relation to student ratings of instruction. Student…

  12. How Should School Districts Shape Teacher Salary Schedules? Linking School Performance to Pay Structure in Traditional Compensation Schemes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grissom, Jason A.; Strunk, Katharine O.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the relative distribution of salary schedule returns to experience for beginning and veteran teachers. We argue that districts are likely to benefit from structuring salary schedules with greater experience returns early in the teaching career. To test this hypothesis, we match salary data to school-level student performance…

  13. Recommendation for Faculty Salaries in Washington Public Higher Education 1977-79. Report No. 77-17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curry, Denis; Johnson, Jackie

    This document provides an analysis of faculty salary structures in Washington state colleges, universities, and community colleges. Comparative analysis of national averages for faculty salaries and compensation show that Washington institutions are below the national average in terms of faculty salaries, although the amount expended for salaries…

  14. 26 CFR 404.6334(d)-1 - Minimum exemption from levy for wages, salary, or other income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Minimum exemption from levy for wages, salary... ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE TAX REFORM ACT OF 1976 § 404.6334(d)-1 Minimum exemption from levy for wages, salary, or... period. Paragraph (c) of this section contains rules relating to the minimum amount of wages, salary, or...

  15. Gender differences in salary and practice ownership expectations of matriculating veterinary students.

    PubMed

    Bristol, David G

    2011-08-01

    To examine gender differences in initial and long-term salary and practice ownership expectations among first-year veterinary students. Survey. First-year veterinary students at the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine during 2000 through 2003 and 2005 through 2009. A 1-page survey was distributed to students during orientation exercises or on the first day of a first-year course on ethics and jurisprudence. Students were asked to indicate their expected salary at graduation and in 5-year increments after graduation and to indicate whether they expected to own a practice after graduation. Responses were obtained from 567 female and 120 male students. There was no significant difference in initial salary expectations between male and female students. However, men had higher expectations for salary increases over the course of their career, so that expected salary was significantly higher for men than for women 5 years after graduation and beyond. A significantly greater percentage of men (69/93 [74.2%]) than women (242/499 [48.5%]) indicated they expected to own a practice. Although male and female veterinary students had similar expectations with regard to initial salaries, the male students had higher long-term salary expectations and were more likely to indicate an expectation to become a practice owner. Differences in expectations may lead to differences in behavior when those expectations are or are not met.

  16. Trends in salaries of obstetrics-gynecology faculty, 2000-01 to 2008-09.

    PubMed

    Rayburn, William F; Fullilove, Anne M; Scroggs, James A; Schrader, Ronald M

    2011-01-01

    We sought to determine whether downward trends in inflation-adjusted salaries (1989-99) continued for obstetrics and gynecology faculty. Data were gathered from the Faculty Salary Survey from the Association of American Medical Colleges for academic years 2001 through 2009. We compared median physician salaries adjusted for inflation according to rank and specialty. While faculty compensation increased by 24.8% (2.5% annually), change in salaries was comparable to the cumulative inflation rate (21.3%). Salaries were consistently highest among faculty in gynecologic oncology (P < .001), next highest among maternal-fetal medicine specialists (P < .001), and were not significantly different between general obstetrics-gynecology and reproductive-endocrinology-infertility. Inflation-adjusted growth of salaries in general obstetrics-gynecology was not significantly different from that in general internal medicine and pediatrics. Growth in salaries of physician faculty in obstetrics and gynecology increased from 2000-01 through 2008-09 with real purchasing power keeping pace with inflation. Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Salary Management System for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Zhang; Guangli, Xu; Yuhuan, Zhang; Yilong, Lei

    Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) in the process of wage entry, calculation, the total number are needed to be done manually in the past, the data volume is quite large, processing speed is low, and it is easy to make error, which is resulting in low efficiency. The main purpose of writing this paper is to present the basis of salary management system, establish a scientific database, the computer payroll system, using the computer instead of a lot of past manual work in order to reduce duplication of staff labor, it will improve working efficiency.This system combines the actual needs of SMEs, through in-depth study and practice of the C/S mode, PowerBuilder10.0 development tools, databases and SQL language, Completed a payroll system needs analysis, database design, application design and development work. Wages, departments, units and personnel database file are included in this system, and have data management, department management, personnel management and other functions, through the control and management of the database query, add, delete, modify, and other functions can be realized. This system is reasonable design, a more complete function, stable operation has been tested to meet the basic needs of the work.

  18. 20 CFR 361.14 - Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION, POLICY AND PROCEDURES RECOVERY OF DEBTS OWED TO THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT BY GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES § 361.14 Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties...

  19. 48 CFR 731.205-71 - Salary supplements for Host Government employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... fifty percent of its financial support from the government. (b) General. Salary supplement occurs when... accordance with USAID policy established in the cable State 119780 dated April 15, 1988 (on ADS-CD under...

  20. 48 CFR 731.205-71 - Salary supplements for Host Government employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... fifty percent of its financial support from the government. (b) General. Salary supplement occurs when... accordance with USAID policy established in the cable State 119780 dated April 15, 1988 (on ADS-CD under...

  1. 48 CFR 731.205-71 - Salary supplements for Host Government employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... fifty percent of its financial support from the government. (b) General. Salary supplement occurs when... accordance with USAID policy established in the cable State 119780 dated April 15, 1988 (on ADS-CD under...

  2. 48 CFR 752.231-71 - Salary supplements for HG employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... allowances for which the HG employee would qualify under HG rules or practice for the performance of his/hers..., honoraria and payment for work carried out outside of normal working hours are not considered to be salary...

  3. 5 CFR 838.622 - Cost-of-living and salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the former spouse's share effective at the time of divorce or separation entitles the former spouse to... employee. (ii) To prevent the application of salary adjustments after the date of the divorce or separation...

  4. 5 CFR 838.622 - Cost-of-living and salary adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the former spouse's share effective at the time of divorce or separation entitles the former spouse to... employee. (ii) To prevent the application of salary adjustments after the date of the divorce or separation...

  5. Teacher Salary Comparisons--Inter-City Differences: 2010-11 and 2011-12. BCTF Research Report. Section I. 2012-TS-02

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Margaret

    2012-01-01

    This research report, which is an update of research report 2011-TS-03, shows the salary difference for each step of British Columbia's (BC) Category 5 or comparable qualifications. Salaries for Vancouver public school teachers are compared to teacher salaries in Toronto (elementary), Ottawa (secondary), and Edmonton. Salaries for Prince George…

  6. Salaries and Tenure of Instructional Faculty in Institutions of Higher Education 1974-75.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beazley, Richard M.

    Data are presented on the salaries and tenure of full-time instructional faculty collected for 1974/75. Findings include: (1) mean salaries of full-time instructional faculty on 9- to 10-month contracts increased by 12.7 percent between 1972-73 and 1974-75, while those of instructional faculty on 11- to 12-month contracts increased by 13.2…

  7. Sex Differences in Radiologist Salary in U.S. Public Medical Schools.

    PubMed

    Kapoor, Neena; Blumenthal, Daniel M; Smith, Stacy E; Ip, Ivan K; Khorasani, Ramin

    2017-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate salary differences between male and female academic radiologists at U.S. medical schools. Laws in several U.S. states mandate public release of government records, including salary information of state employees. From online salary data published by 12 states, we extracted the salaries of all academic radiologists at 24 public medical schools during 2011-2013 (n = 573 radiologists). In this institutional review board-approved cross-sectional study, we linked these data to a physician database with information on physician sex, age, faculty rank, years since residency, clinical trial involvement, National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding, scientific publications, and clinical volume measured by 2013 Medicare payments. Sex difference in salary, the primary outcome, was estimated using a multilevel logistic regression adjusting for these factors. Among 573 academic radiologists, 171 (29.8%) were women. Female radiologists were younger (48.5 vs 51.6 years, p = 0.001) and more likely to be assistant professors (50.9% [87/171] vs 40.8% [164/402], p = 0.026). Salaries between men and women were similar in unadjusted analyses ($290,660 vs $289,797; absolute difference, $863; 95% CI, -$18,363 to $20,090), and remained so after adjusting for age, faculty rank, years since residency, clinical trial involvement, publications, total Medicare payments, NIH funding, and graduation from a highly ranked medical school. Among academic radiologists employed at 24 U.S. public medical schools, male and female radiologists had similar annual salaries both before and after adjusting for several variables known to influence salary among academic physicians.

  8. Leave or Stay as a Risky Choice: Effects of Salary Reference Points and Anchors on Turnover Intention

    PubMed Central

    Xiong, Guanxing; Wang, X. T.; Li, Aimei

    2018-01-01

    Within a risky choice framework, we examine how multiple reference points and anchors regulate pay perception and turnover intentions in real organizational contexts with actual employees. We hypothesize that the salary range is psychologically demarcated by three reference points into four regions, the minimum requirement (MR), the status quo (SQ), and the goal (G). Three studies were conducted: Study 1 analyzed the relationship between turnover intention and the subjective likelihood of falling into each of four expected salary regions; Study 2 tested the mediating effect of pay satisfaction on salary reference point-dependent turnover intention; and Study 3 explored the anchoring effect of estimated peer salaries. The results show that turnover intention was higher in the region below MR or between SQ and G but lower in the region above G or between MR and SQ. That is, turnover intention can be high even in situations of salary raise, if the raise is below a salary goal (i.e., leaving for a lack of opportunity) and low even in situations of salary loss, if the expected salary is still above the MR (i.e., staying for security). In addition, turnover intention was regulated by pay satisfaction and peer salaries. In conclusion, turnover intention can be viewed as a risky choice adapted to salary reference points. PMID:29872409

  9. Annual Salary Study and Survey of Selected Personnel Issues, 1981. A Report on Administrative and Professional Staff and Salaries in Voluntary CWLA Member Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haddow, Susan; Jones, Mary Ann

    This publication reports findings, primarily in tabular form, of the 1981 Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) survey of salaries and personnel issues. The study was conducted with the voluntary member agencies of the CWLA. Survey forms were sent to 210 voluntary accredited and provisional members of the CWLA and to 17 agencies that are members…

  10. Knowing Your Worth: Salary Expectations and Gender of Matriculating Physician Assistant Students.

    PubMed

    Streilein, Annamarie; Leach, Brandi; Everett, Christine; Morgan, Perri

    2018-03-01

    The male-female wage gap is present and persistent in the health care sector, even among physician assistants (PAs). Explanations for the persistent gender earnings gap include differential salary expectations of men and women based, in part, on women's lower pay entitlement. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in salary expectations between male and female matriculating PA students nationwide, adjusting for other factors expected to affect salaries and pay expectations of both male and female matriculants. Using data from the Physician Assistant Education Association Matriculating Student Survey of 2013, 2014, and 2015, we investigated the relationship between first-year PA students' gender and their salary expectations after graduation using a multinomial logistic regression analysis. We controlled for possible confounders by including independent variables measuring student demographics, background characteristics, qualifications, future career plans, and financial considerations. We found that female PA students were less likely than male PA students to expect a salary of $80,000-$89,999 (Odds Ratio [OR] = 0.73), $90,000-$99,999 (OR = 0.58), or $100,000 or greater (OR = 0.42) in comparison to an expected salary of less than $70,000, when controlling for our independent variables. Our analysis shows that on entry into PA training programs, female PA students' earnings expectations are less than those of male PA students. Our results are consistent with research, suggesting that women typically expect lower pay and systematically undervalue their contributions and skills in comparison to men. Physician assistant programs should consider strategies to promote realistic salary expectations among PA students as one way to promote earnings equity.

  11. The impact of moderate-to-severe Crohn's Disease on employees' salary growth.

    PubMed

    Loftus, Edward V; Skup, Martha; Ozbay, Ahmet Burak; Wu, Eric; Guérin, Annie; Chao, Jingdong; Mulani, Parvez

    2014-10-01

    Moderate-to-severe Crohn's Disease (CD) has been shown to reduce daily activities; however, little is known of the impact on employees' salary growth. Employment and health care benefit data were extracted from the OptumHealth Reporting and Insights database, aggregating data from 23 self-insured U.S. companies with approximately 2.5 million covered beneficiaries. Employees diagnosed with moderate-to-severe CD (i.e., ≥1 prescription fill for systemic corticosteroids, immunosuppressive drugs, methotrexate or cyclosporine, or biologic agents within 6 months after the first observed CD diagnosis) between January 1999 and December 2006 were retrospectively matched with controls without CD based on year of birth, sex, industry, and geographic region. Employees' salaries and salary growth rates were estimated and compared between cohorts. Both descriptive comparison and multivariate regression analyses controlling for baseline characteristics and differences in comorbidities were performed. A total of 918 employees with moderate-to-severe CD were matched to 2154 CD-free controls. The 2 cohorts did not differ in their annual salary in the first year of observation. However, regression analyses revealed that the 2 groups had significantly different adjusted annualized salary growth rates (0.69% versus 1.01%, P < 0.001), and employees with CD had a 31% lower salary increase rate than controls. A total income loss of $3195 per person was estimated for employees with CD compared with their CD-free peers over a cumulative 5 years after the first calendar year. In the United States, employees with moderate-to-severe CD had a substantially lower salary growth rate than their peers without CD, suggesting an impaired career progression.

  12. A profile of PMS salaried GP contracts and their impact on recruitment.

    PubMed

    Williams, J; Petchey, R; Gosden, T; Leese, B; Sibbald, B

    2001-06-01

    Personal medical services (PMS) pilot sites aim to use salaried GP schemes to improve GP recruitment and retention and enhance the quality of service provision, particularly in underserved areas. Our objectives were to (i) compare the work incentives of salaried compared with standard GP contracts; (ii) assess recruitment success to salaried posts; and (iii) describe the types of GPs attracted to these new posts. All first wave PMS pilot sites with salaried GP posts known to be 'live' in October 1998 were included in the analysis of employment contracts and job descriptions. Information on recruitment was obtained by a questionnaire survey of PMS sites that were intending to recruit a salaried GP. The mean full-time equivalent salary was 43,674 pounds sterling with additional benefits in terms of sick leave, maternity leave and paid expenses. Eighty-nine percent of posts were eligible for the NHS pension scheme. Posts were mainly full time (40.8 hours per week). GPs were responsible for providing services equivalent in scope to general medical services. One-fifth of contracts freed GPs from out-of-hours responsibility and most freed them from practice management. Forty-three of the pilot sites actively recruited to fill 63 salaried posts, which involved a total of 51 recruitment 'rounds', with some pilots advertising more than once. There were 291 applications. The median number of applicants per post was three and the median time to recruitment was 6 weeks. Eighty-five percent of sites were satisfied with the quality of their applicants and 64% with the quantity. Eighty-five percent of applicants previously had been working in general practice, most in locum or salaried posts. Applicants tended to be young and male. Sixty posts were filled. Salaried contracts offer positive incentives to recruitment in terms of reduced hours of work and freedom from administrative responsibility. Recruitment success was similar to that achieved by inner city practices generally

  13. Reservoir hosts for Gyrodactylus salaris may play a more significant role in epidemics than previously thought.

    PubMed

    Paladini, Giuseppe; Hansen, Haakon; Williams, Chris F; Taylor, Nick G H; Rubio-Mejía, Olga L; Denholm, Scott J; Hytterød, Sigurd; Bron, James E; Shinn, Andrew P

    2014-12-20

    Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957 has had a devastating impact on wild Norwegian stocks of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., and it is the only Office International des Epizooties (OIE) listed parasitic pathogen of fish. The UK is presently recognised as G. salaris-free, and management plans for its containment and control are currently based on Scandinavian studies. The current study investigates the susceptibility of British salmonids to G. salaris, and determines whether, given the host isolation since the last glaciation and potential genetic differences, the populations under test would exhibit different levels of susceptibility, as illustrated by the parasite infection trajectory over time, from their Scandinavian counterparts. Populations of S. salar, brown trout Salmo trutta L., and grayling Thymallus thymallus (L.), raised from wild stock in UK government hatcheries, were flown to Norway and experimentally challenged with a known pathogenic strain of G. salaris. Each fish was lightly anaesthetised and marked with a unique tattoo for individual parasite counting. A single Norwegian population of S. salar from the River Lærdalselva was used as a control. Parasite numbers were assessed every seven days until day 48 and then every 14 days. Gyrodactylus salaris regularly leads to high mortalities on infected juveniles S. salar. The number of G. salaris on British S. salar rose exponentially until the experiment was terminated at 33 days due to fish welfare concerns. The numbers of parasites on S. trutta and T. thymallus increased sharply, reaching a peak of infection on days 12 and 19 post-infection respectively, before declining to a constant low level of infection until the termination of the experiment at 110 days. The ability of S. trutta and T. thymallus to carry an infection for long periods increases the window of exposure for these two hosts and the potential transfer of G. salaris to other susceptible hosts. This study demonstrates that G. salaris

  14. Workplace status and risk of hypertension among hourly and salaried aluminum manufacturing employees

    PubMed Central

    Clougherty, Jane Ellen; Eisen, Ellen A; Slade, Martin D; Kawachi, Ichiro; Cullen, Mark R

    2009-01-01

    An inverse relationship between workplace status and morbidity is well established; higher job status has been associated with reduced risks of heart disease, hypertension, and injury. Most research on job status, however, has focused on salaried populations, and it remains unclear whether job status operates similarly among hourly workers. Our objectives were to examine whether hourly status itself influences risk of hypertension after adjustment for socioeconomic confounders, and to explore the role of fine-scale job grade on hypertension incidence within hourly and salaried groups. We examined data for 14,999 aluminum manufacturing employees in 11 plants across the U.S., using logistic regression with adjustment for age, sex, race/ ethnicity and other individual characteristics. Propensity score restriction was used to identify comparable groups of hourly and salaried employees, reducing confounding by socio-demographic characteristics. Job grade (coded 1 through 30, within hourly and salaried groups) was examined as a more refined measure of job status. Hourly status was associated with an increased risk of hypertension, after propensity restriction and adjustment for confounders. The observed effect of hourly status was stronger among women, although the propensity-restricted cohort was disproportionately male (96 %). Among salaried workers, higher job grade was not consistently associated with decreased risk; among hourly employees, however, there was a significant trend, with higher job grades more protective against hypertension. Increasing the stringency of hypertension case criteria also increased the risk of severe or persistent hypertension for hourly employees. PMID:19027215

  15. Workplace status and risk of hypertension among hourly and salaried aluminum manufacturing employees.

    PubMed

    Clougherty, Jane Ellen; Eisen, Ellen A; Slade, Martin D; Kawachi, Ichiro; Cullen, Mark R

    2009-01-01

    An inverse relationship between workplace status and morbidity is well established; higher job status has been associated with reduced risks of heart disease, hypertension, and injury. Most research on job status, however, has focused on salaried populations, and it remains unclear whether job status operates similarly among hourly workers. Our objectives were to examine whether hourly status itself influences risk of hypertension after adjustment for socioeconomic confounders, and to explore the role of fine-scale job grade on hypertension incidence within hourly and salaried groups. We examined data for 14,999 aluminum manufacturing employees in 11 plants across the U.S., using logistic regression with adjustment for age, sex, race/ethnicity and other individual characteristics. Propensity score restriction was used to identify comparable groups of hourly and salaried employees, reducing confounding by sociodemographic characteristics. Job grade (coded 1 through 30, within hourly and salaried groups) was examined as a more refined measure of job status. Hourly status was associated with an increased risk of hypertension, after propensity restriction and adjustment for confounders. The observed effect of hourly status was stronger among women, although the propensity-restricted cohort was disproportionately male (96%). Among salaried workers, higher job grade was not consistently associated with decreased risk; among hourly employees, however, there was a significant trend, with higher job grades more protective against hypertension. Increasing the stringency of hypertension case criteria also increased the risk of severe or persistent hypertension for hourly employees.

  16. The Relationship between Doctoral Completion Time, Gender, and Future Salary Prospects for Physical Scientists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Potvin, Geoff; Tai, Robert H.

    2012-03-01

    Drawing from a national survey of Ph.D.-holding physical scientists, we present evidence that doctoral completion time is a strong predictor of future salary prospects: each additional year in graduate school corresponds to a substantially lower average salary. This is true even while controlling for typical measures of scientific merit (grant funding and publication rates) and several other structural and career factors expected to influence salaries. Extending this picture to include gender effects, we show that women earn significantly less than men overall and experience no effect of doctoral completion time on their salaries, while men see a significant gain in salary stemming from earlier completion times. Doctoral completion time is shown to be largely unconnected to measures of prior academic success, research independence, and scientific merit suggesting that doctoral completion time is, to a great extent, out of the control of individual graduate students. Nonetheless, it can be influential on an individual's future career prospects, as can gender-related effects.

  17. Association between Sleep Duration and Perceived Stress: Salaried Worker in Circumstances of High Workload

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Dong-Woo; Chun, Sung-Youn; Lee, Sang Ah; Han, Kyu-Tae

    2018-01-01

    The aim of this study was to find the association between sleep duration and perceived stress in salaried workers according to occupational categories and which lifestyle factors affected those correlations in South Korea. This study used data from the 2015 Community Health Survey (CHS). The self-reported sleep duration was used as the dependent variable in this study. We explored sleep duration and stress awareness among salaried workers, as well as household income and educational level with multiple logistic regression analysis. Salaried workers who slept for five or less hours had a higher odds ratio for high-stress awareness (OR: 1.86, 95% CI: 1.74–1.98). Stress awareness is associated with short sleep duration; specialized workers, office workers, those with above mid-high household income and graduate, university, or college level workers especially need to sleep adequately to manage stress. PMID:29671770

  18. Association between Sleep Duration and Perceived Stress: Salaried Worker in Circumstances of High Workload.

    PubMed

    Choi, Dong-Woo; Chun, Sung-Youn; Lee, Sang Ah; Han, Kyu-Tae; Park, Eun-Cheol

    2018-04-19

    The aim of this study was to find the association between sleep duration and perceived stress in salaried workers according to occupational categories and which lifestyle factors affected those correlations in South Korea. This study used data from the 2015 Community Health Survey (CHS). The self-reported sleep duration was used as the dependent variable in this study. We explored sleep duration and stress awareness among salaried workers, as well as household income and educational level with multiple logistic regression analysis. Salaried workers who slept for five or less hours had a higher odds ratio for high-stress awareness (OR: 1.86, 95% CI: 1.74⁻1.98). Stress awareness is associated with short sleep duration; specialized workers, office workers, those with above mid-high household income and graduate, university, or college level workers especially need to sleep adequately to manage stress.

  19. [Estimation of the number of minimum salaries attributed to professions in function of their prestige].

    PubMed

    Sousa, F A; da Silva, J A

    2000-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to verify the relationship between professional prestige scaled through estimations and the professional prestige scaled through estimation of the number of minimum salaries attributed to professions in function of their prestige in society. Results showed: 1--the relationship between the estimation of magnitudes and the estimation of the number of minimum salaries attributed to the professions in function of their prestige is characterized by a function of potence with an exponent lower than 1,0,2--the orders of degrees of prestige of the professions resultant from different experiments involving different samples of subjects are highly concordant (W = 0.85; p < 0.001), considering the modality used as a number (estimation of magnitudes of minimum salaries).

  20. [Salary and clinical productivity among physicians in Norwegian somatic hospitals 2001-2008].

    PubMed

    Johannessen, Karl-Arne

    2010-09-23

    Analysis of the future need for medical doctors necessitates an assessment of their productivity. The goals of this study were to analyze the relation between doctors' work force and the increased activity in hospitals, and to describe the development of working hours and salary for hospital doctors in a gender perspective. Information about man-labour years, working time and salary for doctors in Norwegian somatic hospitals was retrieved for the period 2001-2008. Number of hospital stays, DRG points and outpatient consultations per man-labour year are used as measures of doctors' clinical productivity. The percentage of female doctors increased from 34.7 % to 42.2 %. The mean annual salary increased more for men (14.4 % higher in 2001 and 16.6 % higher in 2008) than women. Total salary costs for doctors increased by 69.9 % (from 3.66 bill to 6.22 bill. NOK); 42.6 % of this increase was generated by new positions (1 306 man-labour years, + 21.2 %). Labour years from extended working hours increased by 6.8 % (constituting 1043 labour years in 2008; 12.2 % of the total), but the average extended labour time per doctor decreased (-16.7 % for women and -9.6 % for men). The number of hospital stays increased by 13.2 %, DRG points increased by 12.4 % and outpatient consultations increased by 9.3 % per doctor's work year in the period 2001-2008. Higher salaries for men may be explained by age, more men in senior positions and longer working hours than for women. The productivity of Norwegian doctors still increased from 2001 to 2008 (taking into account the increase in salary).

  1. Gender Differences in Salary in a Recent Cohort of Early-Career Physician-Researchers

    PubMed Central

    Jagsi, Reshma; Griffith, Kent A.; Stewart, Abigail; Sambuco, Dana; DeCastro, Rochelle; Ubel, Peter A.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Since prior studies have suggested that male physicians earn more than their female counterparts, the authors examined whether this disparity exists in a recently hired cohort. Method In 2010-11, the authors surveyed recent recipients of National Institutes of Health (NIH) mentored career development (i.e., K08 or K23) awards, receiving responses from 1,275 (75% response rate). For the 1,012 physicians with academic positions in clinical specialties who reported salary, they constructed linear regression models of salary considering gender, age, race, marital status, parental status, additional doctoral degree, academic rank, years on faculty, specialty, institution type, region, institution NIH funding rank, K-award type, K-award funding institute, K-award year, work hours, and research time. They evaluated the explanatory value of spousal employment status using Peters-Belson regression. Results Mean salary was $141,325 (95% confidence interval [CI] 135,607-147,043) for women and $172,164 (95% CI 167,357-176,971) for men. Male gender remained an independent, significant predictor of salary (+$10,921, P < 0.001) even after adjusting for specialty, academic rank, work hours, research time, and other factors. Peters-Belson analysis indicated that 17% of the overall disparity in the full sample was unexplained by the measured covariates. In the married subset, after accounting for spousal employment status, 10% remained unexplained. Conclusions The authors observed, in this recent cohort of elite, early-career physician researchers, a gender difference in salary that was not fully explained by specialty, academic rank, work hours, or even spousal employment. Creating more equitable procedures for establishing salary at academic institutions is important. PMID:24072109

  2. [Offered income, salary expectations, and the economic activity of married women: an analytic model].

    PubMed

    Lollivier, S

    1984-06-01

    This study uses data from tax declarations for 40,000 French households for 1975 to propose a model that permits quantification of the effects of certain significant factors on the economic activity of married women. The PROBIT model of analysis of variance was used to determine the specific effect of several variables, including age of the woman, number of children under 25 years of age in the household, the age of the youngest child, husband's income and socioprofessional status, wife's level and type of education, size of community of residence and region of residence. The principal factors influencing activity rates were found to be educational level, age, and to those of childless women, but activity rates dropped by about 30% for mothers of 2 and even more for mothers of 3 or more children. Influence of the place of residence and the husband's income were associated with lesser disparities. The reasons for variations in female labor force participation can be viewed as analogous to a balance. Underlying factors can increase or decrease the income the woman hopes to earn (offered income) as well as the minimum income for which she will work (required salary). A TOBIT model was constructed in which income was a function of age, education, geographic location, and number of children, and salary required was a function of the variables related to the husband including income and socioprofessional status. For most of the effects considered, the observed variation in activity rates resulted from variations in offered income. The husband's income influences only the desired salary. The offered income decreases and the required salary increases when the number of children is 2 or more, reducing the rate of activity. More educated women have slightly greater salary expectations, but command much higher salaries, resulting in an increased rate of professional activity.

  3. Gender differences in salary in a recent cohort of early-career physician-researchers.

    PubMed

    Jagsi, Reshma; Griffith, Kent A; Stewart, Abigail; Sambuco, Dana; DeCastro, Rochelle; Ubel, Peter A

    2013-11-01

    Studies have suggested that male physicians earn more than their female counterparts. The authors examined whether this disparity exists in a recently hired cohort. In 2010-2011, the authors surveyed recent recipients of National Institutes of Health (NIH) mentored career development (i.e., K08 or K23) awards, receiving responses from 1,275 (75% response rate). For the 1,012 physicians with academic positions in clinical specialties who reported salary, they constructed linear regression models of salary considering gender, age, race, marital status, parental status, additional doctoral degree, academic rank, years on faculty, specialty, institution type, region, institution NIH funding rank, K award type, K award funding institute, K award year, work hours, and research time. They evaluated the explanatory value of spousal employment status using Peters-Belson regression. Mean salary was $141,325 (95% confidence interval [CI] 135,607-147,043) for women and $172,164 (95% CI 167,357-176,971) for men. Male gender remained an independent, significant predictor of salary (+$10,921, P < .001) even after adjusting for specialty, academic rank, work hours, research time, and other factors. Peters-Belson analysis indicated that 17% of the overall disparity in the full sample was unexplained by the measured covariates. In the married subset, after accounting for spousal employment status, 10% remained unexplained. The authors observed, in this recent cohort of elite, early-career physician-researchers, a gender difference in salary that was not fully explained by specialty, academic rank, work hours, or even spousal employment. Creating more equitable procedures for establishing salary is important.

  4. 1995-1996 SAEM emergency medicine faculty salary/benefits survey.

    PubMed

    Kristal, S L; Thompson, B M; Marx, J A

    1998-12-01

    The Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) commissioned an emergency medicine (EM) faculty salary and benefit survey for all 1995 Residency Review Committee in Emergency Medicine (RRC-EM)-accredited programs using the SAEM third-generation survey instrument. Responses were collected by SAEM and blinded from the investigators. Seventy-six of 112 (68%) accredited programs responded, yielding data for 1,032 full-time faculty among the four Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) regions. Blinded program and individual faculty data were entered into a customized version of Filemaker Pro, a relational database program with a built-in statistical package. Salary data were sorted by 115 separate criteria such as program regions, faculty title, American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) certification, academic rank, years postresidency, program size, and whether data were reported to AAMC. Demographic data from 132 categories were analyzed and included number of staff and residents per shift, number of intensive care unit (ICU) beds, obstacles to hiring new staff, and specific type and value of fringe benefits offered. Data were compared with those from the 1990 and 1992 SAEM and the 1995-96 AAMC studies. Mean salaries were reported as follows: all faculty, $158,100; first-year faculty, $131,074; programs reporting data to AAMC, $152,198; programs not reporting data to AAMC, $169,251. Mean salaries as reported by AAMC region: northeast, $155,909; south, $155,403; midwest, $172,260; west, $139,930. Mean salaries as reported by program financial source: community, $175,599; university, $152,878; municipal, $141,566. Reported salaries for full-time EM residency faculty continue to rise. Salaries in programs reporting data to the AAMC are considerably lower than those not reporting. The gap between ABEM-certified and non-ABEM-certified faculty continues to widen. Residency-trained faculty are now shown to earn more than non-residency-trained faculty

  5. Supplemental Report on Academic Salaries, 1987-88. A Report to the Governor and Legislature in Response to Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 51 (1965) and Subsequent Postsecondary Salary Legislation. Commission Report 88-30.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento.

    Data are presented on faculty and administrator salaries in the California community colleges, with comparative figures for the University of California (UC) and the California State University (CSU). Section 1 presents UC and CSU comparison group average salaries for 1982-83 and 1987-88, including information on compound rates of interest,…

  6. Measuring Changes in Salaries and Wages in Public Schools: A Basic Handbook. ERS School Management Reference Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.

    A new statistical measure termed the Composite Indicator of Changes (CIC) reflects overall changes in average salaries and wages paid by public school systems in much the same way that the Dow-Jones averages reflect price changes in the stock market. The CIC is useful for comparing salary trends among various categories of personnel, among…

  7. Average Faculty Salary Reaches $41,650, Up 6.1% in a Year, AAUP Survey Finds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evangelauf, Jean

    1990-01-01

    This study shows that by type of institution, salaries are highest at doctorate-granting public and private universities. By sector, faculty members at private, independent institutions continue to have the highest earnings. The salary gap between men and women persists, with women earning less than men at every rank. (MLW)

  8. Using a Market Ratio Factor in Faculty Salary Equity Studies. AIR Professional File. Number 103, Spring 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luna, Andrew L.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if a market ratio factor was a better predictor of faculty salaries than the use of k-1 dummy variables representing the various disciplines. This study used two multiple regression analyses to develop an explanatory model to determine which model might best explain faculty salaries. A total of 20 out of…

  9. SALARY STRUCTURES IN PUBLIC JUNIOR COLLEGES WHICH DO NOT HAVE THE USUAL ACADEMIC RANKS, 1965-66.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of Univ. Professors, Washington, DC.

    LENGTH OF SERVICE AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION ATTAINMENT PROVIDED THE BASES FOR COMPARING FACULTY SALARIES IN JUNIOR COLLEGES WHICH DO NOT USE ACADEMIC RANKS WITH THOSE OF 4- AND 5-YEAR INSTITUTIONS. DATA WERE OBTAINED FROM 57 USABLE RESPONSES TO QUESTIONNAIRES SENT TO 150 JUNIOR COLLEGES. SALARY EQUIVALENTS WERE DETERMINED BY THE FORMULAS--(1)…

  10. Staff in Higher Education Salary Report: Key Findings, Trends, and Comprehensive Tables for the 2016-17 Academic Year. Overview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bichsel, Jacqueline; McChesney, Jasper

    2017-01-01

    This year is a momentous one for College and University Professional Association for Human Resources (CUPA-HR) research. As they celebrate their 50th anniversary of collecting salary data, they are also celebrating transformations in the way data are collected for all salary surveys and in the ways these data are reported. Rather than contributing…

  11. 45 CFR 1150.25 - Will the collection of a claim by salary offset act as a waiver of my rights to dispute the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS Salary Offset § 1150.25 Will the collection of a claim by salary...

  12. 45 CFR 1150.25 - Will the collection of a claim by salary offset act as a waiver of my rights to dispute the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS Salary Offset § 1150.25 Will the collection of a claim by salary...

  13. Library/Information Science Education, Placement, and Salaries. Guide to Employment Sources in the Library and Information Professions; Placements and Salaries 2000: Plenty of Jobs, Salaries Flat; Accredited Master's Programs in Library and Information Studies; Library Scholarship Sources; Library Scholarship and Award Recipients, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Darlena; Terrell, Tom; Gregory, Vicki L.

    2002-01-01

    Includes five articles that report on employment sources in the library and information professions; placements and salaries, which indicate plenty of jobs and salaries that are flat; accredited master's programs in library and information studies; library scholarship sources; and library scholarship and award recipients. (LRW)

  14. Faculty Salary Equity: Issues and Options. AIR 1993 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Julie K.; And Others

    This paper presents a multi-phased approach to identifying and correcting gender-based salary inequities within institutions of higher education. The major steps in this approach involve: (1) determining if a problem situation exists by using a conceptually sound, objective procedure that does a legal and effective job of explaining faculty…

  15. "They Make "How" Much?" Investigating Faculty Salaries to Examine Gender Inequalities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrzelka, Peggy

    2005-01-01

    Stratification by gender occurs in many occupations, including the academic profession. When examining salaries of those in higher education, it is "well established" that "women faculty earn less than their male counterparts." Getting students to understand the important sociological issues of gender stratification as it occurs in the workplace…

  16. How Much Gender Disparity Exists in Salary? A Profile of Graduates of a Major Public University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dutt, Diya

    1997-01-01

    A study of University of Illinois 1976 graduates (n=2,306) in 1977, 1981, 1986, and 1991 examined changes in salary patterns for all degree levels and majors. Results suggest women earn less than men in first full-time jobs, and gaps widen with time. Possible factors include women's breaks in full-time employment, and differences in majors,…

  17. Differences by Race and Gender in Expected Starting Salaries of Bachelor Degree Recipients in Connecticut

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Free, Rhona C.; Brown, Jennifer L.; Clifford, Maryanne T.

    2007-01-01

    Data from the Connecticut Department of Higher Education and the National Association of Colleges and Employers were used to explore effects of college major on differences by race and gender in estimated starting salaries of 2006 bachelor degree recipients from Connecticut colleges and universities. Females' relatively high presence in majors…

  18. Wage and Salary Administration for Smaller Institutions of Higher Education. A Basic Guide to Management Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of College and University Business Officers, Washington, DC.

    This manual provides a basic guide to wage and salary administration at smaller institutions of higher education--institutions with 400 or fewer full-time nonacademic employees and a relatively uncomplicated administrative organization. Emphasis is placed on definitions and benefits of the process, assigning responsibility and authority, deciding…

  19. 45 CFR 1150.22 - What are the Endowment's procedures for salary offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What are the Endowment's procedures for salary offset? 1150.22 Section 1150.22 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS...

  20. 45 CFR 1150.23 - How will the Endowment coordinate salary offsets with other agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How will the Endowment coordinate salary offsets with other agencies? 1150.23 Section 1150.23 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF...

  1. 45 CFR 1150.22 - What are the Endowment's procedures for salary offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What are the Endowment's procedures for salary offset? 1150.22 Section 1150.22 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS...

  2. 45 CFR 1150.23 - How will the Endowment coordinate salary offsets with other agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How will the Endowment coordinate salary offsets with other agencies? 1150.23 Section 1150.23 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF...

  3. Gender and Salary Differentials for Administrative and Professional Staff in Metropolitan Chicago Special Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Putnam, Kerin E.

    This report describes a study of gender and salary differentials for metropolitan Chicago special librarians at the administrative and professional levels. Statistics are reported for all respondents and for administrative positions only. A mail survey of 20% of the population in academic, corporate, and noncorporate special libraries was done.…

  4. Salary, Space, and Satisfaction: An Examination of Gender Differences in the Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darrah, Marjorie; Hougland, James; Prince, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    How can universities be more successful in recruiting and promoting the professional success of women in their science-related departments? This study examines selected pieces of the puzzle by examining actual salary and space allocations to 282 faculty members in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and the social and…

  5. Academic Salaries and Self-Selection Processes. Some Theoretical Considerations Suggested by the Italian Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chillemi, Ottorino

    1988-01-01

    The author investigates the wisdom of public policy widening the salary differential between researchers and professors. He evaluates the potential problems in adopting a self-selection wage policy, when workers' risk aversion and preferences or the accumulation of human capital are considered. (Author/CH)

  6. A Survey of Salary Levels in the Admissions and Records Profession, 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruker, Robert M.

    Admissions and records professionals conducted a survey of salary levels in their profession. Comparisons between types of institutions both across the nation and within l0 regions can be made. After the design of the survey instrument, data collection of two types was undertaken. Institutional data concerned the size, type, and control of the…

  7. Gender Differences in Faculty Productivity, Satisfaction, and Salary: What Really Separates Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagedorn, Linda Serra

    Gender differences in faculty productivity, satisfaction, and salary were studied using 2 large datasets, the 1999 Higher Education Research Institute Faculty Survey (n=55,081) and the 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty (n=25,780). Findings show very little evidence of gender differences in productivity, especially at the lower…

  8. The Pension Pac-Man: How Pension Debt Eats Away at Teacher Salaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aldeman, Chad

    2016-01-01

    Why aren't teacher salaries rising? This puzzle can be explained by three trends eating into teachers' take-home pay: rising health care costs, declining student/teacher ratios, and rising retirement costs. Retirement costs are the most hidden of these three factors. The result is that most teachers are getting the worst of both worlds. Teachers…

  9. Fifteenth Annual Rank-Order Distribution of Administrative Salaries Paid, 1981-1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville. Office of Institutional Research.

    Administrative salaries in 1981-82 in 132 state-supported universities in 45 states and 31 university systems in 24 states were surveyed. Only full-time administrators were included but their responsibilities and functions range from the director of a single office to the university president. To provide anonymity, the universities are not…

  10. Focus on Teacher Pay and Incentives: Recent Legislative Actions and Update on Salary Averages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines, Gale F.

    2004-01-01

    One indicator of progress in the Challenge to Lead goals refers to teacher compensation: Salaries, benefits and incentives are competitive in the marketplace. They are aimed at recognized expertise, student performance, state needs and taking on additional or different roles to improve curriculum and instruction." Most Southern Regional Education…

  11. SREB Teacher Salaries: Update for 1995-96 and Estimated Increases for 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

    Updated information is provided on teacher salaries for 1995-96 and estimated increases for the 1996-97 school year in the 15 states belonging to the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB). Pay raises for 1996-97 are estimated as ranging from 1.75 percent in Virginia to 6 percent in Georgia. Especially noted are South Carolina's continuing…

  12. Institutional Gender Equity Salary Analysis and Recursive Impact of Career and Life Choices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Teri S.

    2013-01-01

    This study employed mixed methods, engaging both quantitative and qualitative inquiries. In terms of the quantitative inquiry, the purpose of this study was to explore and assess gender-based salary inequities at a Carnegie Classified Research High university in the Intermountain West. Qualitative inquiry was used to follow up and contextually…

  13. Notification: Audit of Salary Overpayment and Debt Forgiveness Waiver (2nd notification)

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Project #OA-FY18-0084, June 15, 2018. The OIG plans to determine whether the agency is properly forgiving debts owed by its employees through its waiver or compromise process and to determine the activities that are causing salary overpayments.

  14. The Measurement and Cost of Removing Unexplained Gender Differences in Faculty Salaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, William E.; Toutkoushian, Robert K.

    1995-01-01

    In assessing sex-discrimination suit damages, debate rages over the type and number of variables included in a single-equation model of the salary-determination process. This article considers single- and multiple-equation models, providing 36 different damage calculations. For University of Minnesota data, equalization cost hinges on the…

  15. What Happens to Teacher Salaries during a Recession? Schools in Crisis: Making Ends Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpkins, Jim; Roza, Marguerite; Simburg, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    In many districts where budgets are tight and forcing cuts in services, are teacher incomes also falling behind? Is teaching becoming a less remunerative occupation relative to other local opportunities such that over time it may become less attractive? Or, do the automatic salary triggers shift wages up despite revenue constraints? This study…

  16. Salary Equity Studies: The State of the Art. ASHE Annual Meeting 1982 Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hengstler, Dennis D.; And Others

    The strengths and weaknesses of various methodologies in conducting salary equity studies are examined. Particular attention is paid to the problems of identifying appropriate matches in the paired-comparison approach and to the sample, predictor and decision-rule problems associated with the regression analysis approach. In addition, highlights…

  17. The Impact of MBA Programme Attributes on Post-MBA Salaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Caroline; Soo, Kwok Tong

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the impact of various Master of Business Administration (MBA) programme attributes on the average post-MBA salary of graduates, contributing to the literature on the returns to an MBA degree, which to date has instead focused predominantly on the impact of individual student traits. The analysis uses a new panel dataset,…

  18. A Study of Benefits and Selected Salaries of California Community College Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kern Community Coll. District, Bakersfield, CA.

    In an effort to assess the overall fringe benefit programs of community college districts in California and to determine the dollar amounts paid certificated employees, fringe benefit and salary remuneration were calculated for all 70 districts in the state. Study findings included the following: (1) 13 districts offered a "cafeteria…

  19. A Study of Benefits and Selected Salaries of California Community College Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kern Community Coll. District, Bakersfield, CA.

    In 1984, a study was conducted to assess the overall fringe benefit programs of California's 70 community college districts and to determine the total dollar amounts paid to certificated employees. A questionnaire requesting fringe benefit and salary information was mailed in January to the 70 districts, providing data which, with the 1983-84…

  20. Colorado Hospital Survey Covering Salaries, Wages, and Selected Personnel Policies and Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado Hospital Association, Denver.

    The data presented in this survey were gathered by mailed questionnaires and cover salary data on 28 "key benchmark" job classifications considered to be most representative in Colorado hospitals regardless of size, location, or type. There are tables of selected benefits, personnel policies, and practices together with actual pay rates…

  1. For the First Time in 3 Years, Faculty Salaries Beat Inflation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millman, Sierra

    2007-01-01

    This year faculty salaries outpaced inflation for the first time in three years, but the American Association of University Professors is still warning of growing financial inequalities within higher education. "One year cannot reverse discouraging trends that have been developing over decades," writes Saranna R. Thornton, a professor of economics…

  2. The Effect of Internal Salary Increment Distributions on Retention Behaviors of Western New York Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Michele M.

    2013-01-01

    This is a study of district internal salary distribution practices and its effect on retention. The study is a replication study as recommended by Jacobson (1986) and Lankford and Wyckoff (1997) whereby their research shows the prevalence of "back loading" and ineffectiveness relative to retention. In the case of this study, the…

  3. Are Public School Teacher Salaries Paid Compensating Wage Differentials for Student Racial and Ethnic Characteristics?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Stephanie M.

    2010-01-01

    The present paper examines the relationship between public school teacher salaries and the racial concentration and segregation of students in the district. A particularly rich set of control variables is included to better measure the effect of racial characteristics. Additional analyses included Metropolitan Statistical Area fixed effects and…

  4. Fiscal Year 2006 Salary Report for the Illinois Public Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Data about compensation received by employees in Illinois' 48 Illinois public community colleges are gathered by the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB). Data in the Fiscal Year 2006 Salary Report reflect the census date of October 1, 2005. Data are presented by peer groups with statewide totals. Most of the 25 tables in this report contain…

  5. M. D. Faculty Salaries in Psychiatry and All Clinical Science Departments, 1980-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haviland, Mark G.; Dial, Thomas H.; Pincus, Harold Alan

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The authors compare trends in the salaries of physician faculty in academic departments of psychiatry with those of physician faculty in all academic clinical science departments from 1980-2006. Methods: The authors compared trend lines for psychiatry and all faculty by academic rank, including those for department chairs, by graphing…

  6. The Salary Premium Required for Replacing Management Faculty: Evidence from a National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finch, J. Howard; Allen, Richard S.; Weeks, H. Shelton

    2010-01-01

    One of the most important aspects of growing and improving business education is replacing departed faculty members. As the baby-boom generation approaches retirement, the supply of available replacement faculty members is diminishing. The result is a competitive market for replacement faculty that features increasing starting salary levels. In…

  7. 48 CFR 731.205-71 - Salary supplements for Host Government employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 731.205-71 Salary supplements for Host Government employees. (a... Contracting Officer shall provide written approval to the contractor in order for such costs to be eligible...

  8. 29 CFR 541.603 - Effect of improper deductions from salary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 541.603 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... deductions; the number and geographic location of employees whose salary was improperly reduced; the number... classification working for the same managers responsible for the actual improper deductions. Employees in...

  9. An Event History Analysis of Teacher Attrition: Salary, Teacher Tracking, and Socially Disadvantaged Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Sean

    2004-01-01

    In this event history analysis of the 1990-1991 Schools and Staffing Survey and the 1992 Teacher Follow-up Survey, a retrospective person-year database was constructed to examine teacher attrition over the course of the teaching career. Consistent with prior research, higher teacher salaries reduced attrition, but only slightly so. Teacher…

  10. Teachers' Unions and Compensation: The Impact of Collective Bargaining on Salary Schedules and Performance Pay Schemes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Kristine Lamm; Mykerezi, Elton

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the impact that collective bargaining has on multiple dimensions of teacher compensation, including average and starting salaries, early and late returns to experience, returns to graduate degrees, and the incidence of different pay for performance schemes. Using data from the School and Staffing Survey (SASS) and a more recent…

  11. Report on Staffing and Salaries, Fall 1987. California Community Colleges Report Number 88-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

    This report presents fall 1987 demographic, staffing, salary, and workload information on California community college employees, based on data provided by 68 of the 70 districts in the state. First, tables present the total number of district employees by: primary occupational activity; the number of full-time equivalent (FTE) employees by…

  12. Report on Staffing and Salaries, Fall 1988. Report Number 89-2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

    This report presents fall 1989 demographic, staffing, salary, and workload information on all California community college employees, based on data from 69 of the 71 districts in the state. First, tables present the total number of district employees by primary occupational activity; full-time equivalency; type of assignment; weekly faculty…

  13. Psychology Students' Expectations Regarding Educational Requirements and Salary for Desired Careers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strapp, Chehalis M.; Drapela, Danica J.; Henderson, Cierra I.; Nasciemento, Emily; Roscoe, Lauren J.

    2018-01-01

    This study investigated the accuracy of psychology majors' expectations regarding careers. Psychology majors, including 101 women and 35 men (M[subscript age] = 23 years; standard deviation[subscript age] = 6.25), indicated a desired career and estimated the level of education needed and the expected annual salary for the career. Students'…

  14. Performance-Based Compensation: Linking Performance to Teacher Salaries. Ask the Team

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behrstock-Sherratt, Ellen; Potemski, Amy

    2013-01-01

    To achieve the goal of attracting and retaining talented professionals in education, performance-based compensation systems (PBCS) must offer salaries that are both fair and sufficiently competitive at each point across an educator's career continuum. Although many states, especially with the support of the Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) grants,…

  15. Not Equal for All: Gender and Race Differences in Salary for Doctoral Degree Recipients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webber, Karen L.; Canché, Manuel González

    2015-01-01

    Despite a recent increase in women and racial/ethnic minorities in U.S. postsecondary education, doctoral recipients from these groups report lower salaries than male and majority peers. With a longitudinal sample of approximately 10,000 respondents from the "Survey of Doctorate Recipients," this study adds to the limited literature…

  16. Johnson County Community College Career Programs: Employment, Salary and Placement Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson County Community Coll., Overland Park, KS. Office of Institutional Research.

    Designed to assist students, current workers seeking to change careers, and people re-entering the work force after a lengthy absence, this report presents employment, salary, and placement information for 31 Johnson County Community College (JCCC) career programs. The information is based on data from county, state, and national studies, as well…

  17. SALARIES FOR SELECTED OCCUPATIONS IN SERVICES FOR THE BLIND, JANUARY 1966.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KANNINEN, TOIVO P.

    OF 803 GOVERNMENT AND NONGOVERNMENT AGENCIES CONTACTED BY QUESTIONNAIRE, 620 REPORTED SALARY INFORMATION FOR FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES WHO SPEND 50 PERCENT OR MORE OF THEIR TIME IN WORK FOR THE BLIND IN ANY OF THE 26 PROFESSIONAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS SELECTED FOR THE STUDY. GOVERNMENT AGENCIES EMPLOYED 7,000 AND NONGOVERNMENT AGENCIES 4,000 OF…

  18. A Study of Instructional Faculty Salaries at USF, SUS and National Peers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Micceri, Theodore

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates 10-year trends in instructional faculty salaries by sex and rank for USF, five SUS Peers (UF, FSU, FIU, UCF, FAU) and eight National Peers (North Carolina State, Alabama-Birmingham, Illinois-Chicago, California-Irvine, SUNY-Stony Brook, SUNY-Buffalo, Cincinnati, Rutgers). Methods: Historical instructional faculty salary…

  19. 12 CFR 1208.21 - Notice requirements before salary offset where FHFA is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... FHFA is the creditor agency. 1208.21 Section 1208.21 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY... where FHFA is the creditor agency. (a) Notice of Intent. Deductions from an employee's salary may not be made unless FHFA provides the employee with a Notice of Intent at least 30 calendar days before the...

  20. 12 CFR 1208.21 - Notice requirements before salary offset where FHFA is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... FHFA is the creditor agency. 1208.21 Section 1208.21 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY... where FHFA is the creditor agency. (a) Notice of Intent. Deductions from an employee's salary may not be made unless FHFA provides the employee with a Notice of Intent at least 30 calendar days before the...

  1. 12 CFR 1208.21 - Notice requirements before salary offset where FHFA is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... FHFA is the creditor agency. 1208.21 Section 1208.21 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY... where FHFA is the creditor agency. (a) Notice of Intent. Deductions from an employee's salary may not be made unless FHFA provides the employee with a Notice of Intent at least 30 calendar days before the...

  2. 12 CFR 1208.21 - Notice requirements before salary offset where FHFA is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... FHFA is the creditor agency. 1208.21 Section 1208.21 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY... where FHFA is the creditor agency. (a) Notice of Intent. Deductions from an employee's salary may not be made unless FHFA provides the employee with a Notice of Intent at least 30 calendar days before the...

  3. Faculty Salary Schedules in Community-Junior Colleges, 1969-70.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC. Research Div.

    This report reviews and analyzes the 1969-1970 salary schedules of 52 private and 460 public 2-year colleges throughout the United States. These schedules are based on levels of academic preparation completed, faculty rank, or both (about two-thirds of the reviewed public and one-half the reviewed private institutions base their schedules on level…

  4. New Jersey Teacher Salaries Are Comparable to Professional Pay in Private Sector. Issue Brief No. 5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, Marcus A.

    2010-01-01

    It is often said that public school teachers are poorly paid. At an average salary of about $60,000 a year, public school teachers in New Jersey take home substantially less pay than do many other college educated professionals. Teachers tend to work fewer hours in a year than do other professionals. Does the widespread assertion that New Jersey's…

  5. The Standardized Faculty Schedule: A New Methodology for Interinstitutional Comparison of Faculty Salaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Ernest C.

    For a number of years, the California community colleges have used data from annual statewide surveys conducted by the Kern Community College District and the California Community College Trustees (CCCT) for comparative faculty salary information. Both the Kern and CCCT studies rely upon the device of selecting benchmark points (such as the…

  6. Male and Female Superintendents: A Comparison of Differences in Salaries, Interview Experiences, and Contract Negotiations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Alan

    2010-01-01

    This study reports the results of a comparison of differences in salary, interview experiences, and contract negotiations for male and female superintendents. Other variables of interest include educational attainment and educational experiences. The study participants (N = 161) consisted of practicing superintendents from four regions of the…

  7. The Determinants of School District Salary Incentives: An Empirical Analysis of, Where and Why

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Stephanie M.

    2010-01-01

    Most public school districts in the United States use a salary schedule to determine compensation for teachers within the district. However, some school districts have implemented incentive pay schemes that allow flexibility at the school or even individual teacher level. These compensation schemes in some ways may more closely approximate a…

  8. A Student's Dilemma: Is There a Trade-Off between a Higher Salary or Higher GPA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diette, Timothy M.; Raghav, Manu

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we explore whether there is a relationship between average grades earned in a course and the national average salaries of graduates of the major associated with the course. Using student-level data from a selective private liberal arts college, we find an inverse relationship. The result suggests that students face a trade-off…

  9. Determinants of Political Science Faculty Salaries at the University of California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grofman, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    Combining salary data for permanent non-emeritus faculty at seven departments of political science within the University of California system with lifetime citation counts and other individual-level data from the Masuoka, Grofman, and Feld (2007a) study of faculty at Ph.D.-granting political science departments in the United States, I analyze…

  10. Academic productivity and its relationship to physician salaries in the University of California Healthcare System.

    PubMed

    Fijalkowski, Natalia; Zheng, Luo Luo; Henderson, Michael T; Moshfeghi, Andrew A; Maltenfort, Mitchell; Moshfeghi, Darius M

    2013-07-01

    To evaluate whether physicians with higher academic productivity, as measured by the number of publications in Scopus and the Scopus Hirsch index (h-index), earn higher salaries. This was a cross-sectional study. Participants were ophthalmologists, otolaryngologists, neurosurgeons, and neurologists classified as "top earners" (>$100,000 annually) within the University of California (UC) healthcare system in 2008. Bibliometric searches on Scopus were conducted to retrieve the total number of publications and Hirsch indices (h-index), a measure of academic productivity. The association between the number of publications and h-index on physicians' total compensation was determined with multivariate regression models after controlling for the four specialties (ophthalmology, otolaryngology, neurosurgery, and neurology), the five institutions (UC San Francisco, UC Los Angeles, UC San Diego, UC Irvine, and UC Davis), and academic rank (assistant professor, associate professor, and professor). The UC healthcare system departments reported 433 faculty physicians among the four specialties, with 71.6% (n = 310) earning more than $100,000 in 2008 and classifying as top earners. After controlling for the specialty, institution, and ranking, there was a significant association between the number of publications on salary (P < 0.000001). Scopus number of publications and h-index were correlated (P < 0.001). Scopus h-index was of borderline significance in predicting physician salary (P = 0.12). Physicians with higher Scopus publications had higher total salaries across all four specialties. Every 10 publications were associated with a 2.40% increase in total salary after controlling for specialty, institution, rank, and chair. Ophthalmologists, otolaryngologists, neurosurgeons, and neurologists in the UC healthcare system who are more academically productive receive greater remuneration.

  11. Trends in gender, employment, salary, and debt of graduates of US veterinary medical schools and colleges.

    PubMed

    Chieffo, Carla; Kelly, Alan M; Ferguson, James

    2008-09-15

    To characterize trends in gender, employment, starting salaries, and educational debt of graduates of US veterinary medical schools and colleges from 1988 to 2007. Meta-analysis. Sample Population-Veterinary medical graduates from 26 or 27 of 27 US veterinary schools and colleges from 1988 through 2007. Data were obtained from surveys published in the JAVMA. A chi2 test for trend was used to analyze trends in choices of employment and educational indebtedness for the veterinary graduate populations over time. The greatest changes in employment occurred in predominantly large animal practice, which attracted 10.7% of new graduates in 1989 but only 2.2% in 2007, and in advanced study, which attracted 15.2% of new graduates in 1989 and 36.8% in 2007. In 2007, 75% of graduates were women, but this gender shift was not associated with the decline in the percentage of graduates entering rural practice. From 1989 through 2007, starting salaries in private practice increased at a rate of 4.60%/y. During the same period, educational debt increased at an annual rate of 7.36%, or 60% higher than the rate of increases for starting salaries. As a result, debt at graduation increased from 1.1 times the starting salary in 1989 to 2.0 times the starting salary in 2007. Veterinary students are now more in debt than they have ever been. This trend together with a substantial increase in the rate of interest charged for government-backed education loans create conditions for new graduates that appear unsustainable.

  12. Are hybrids between Atlantic salmon and brown trout suitable long-term hosts of Gyrodactylus salaris during winter?

    PubMed

    Knudsen, R; Henriksen, E H; Gjelland, K Ø; Hansen, H; Hendrichsen, D K; Kristoffersen, R; Olstad, K

    2017-10-01

    The monogenean parasite Gyrodactylus salaris poses serious threats to many Atlantic salmon populations and presents many conservation and management questions/foci and challenges. It is therefore critical to identify potential vectors for infection. To test whether hybrids of native Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) × brown trout (Salmo trutta) are suitable as reservoir hosts for G. salaris during winter, infected hybrid parr were released into a natural subarctic brook in the autumn. Six months later, 23.9% of the pit-tagged fish were recaptured. During the experimental period, the hybrids had a sixfold increase in mean intensity of G. salaris, while the prevalence decreased from 81% to 35%. There was high interindividual hybrid variability in susceptibility to infections. The maximum infrapopulation growth rate (0.018 day -1 ) of G. salaris throughout the winter was comparable to earlier laboratory experiments at similar temperatures. The results confirm that infrapopulations of G. salaris may reproduce on a hybrid population for several generations at low water temperatures (~1 °C). Wild salmon-trout hybrids are undoubtedly susceptible to G. salaris and represent an important reservoir host for the parasite independent of other co-occurring susceptible hosts. Consequently, these hybrids may pose a serious risk for G. salaris transmission to nearby, uninfected rivers by migratory individuals. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. The 10% solution: Tying managerial salary increases to workplace wellness actions (and not results).

    PubMed

    Robbins, Rebecca; Wansink, Brian

    2016-10-01

    Although manager support is critical for workplace health and wellness efforts, little is known about how to best encourage managers to make creative or bold steps toward employee wellness. We posit that the right interactions between managers and employees could have lasting impact on workplace wellness. To consider how managers might be motivated to take an active role in promoting everyday employee health and wellness, we used a website survey of worksite managers (N = 270) to investigate how tying at least 10% of managerial annual salary increases and promotion would incentivize manager actions in workplace wellness. Overall, regression analyses reveal favorable attitudes from managers and high intentions to implement changes if salary increases and advancement were partially linked to workplace wellness efforts. Managers also expressed a preference for working for a company with this policy, and this was strongest among female managers and managers with a fewer number of subordinates. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  14. Career Satisfaction and Perceived Salary Competitiveness among Individuals Who Completed Postdoctoral Research Training in Cancer Prevention.

    PubMed

    Faupel-Badger, Jessica M; Nelson, David E; Izmirlian, Grant

    2017-01-01

    Studies examining career satisfaction of biomedical scientists are limited, especially in the context of prior postdoctoral training. Here we focused on career satisfaction defined as satisfaction with one's career trajectory and perceived salary competitiveness among a predominantly Ph.D.-trained population of scientists who completed cancer prevention-related postdoctoral training between 1987-2011. National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program (CPFP) alumni (n = 114), and previous recipients of NCI-sponsored Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (NRSA/F32) postdoctoral fellowships (n = 140) completed online surveys. Associations of career satisfaction and perception of salary competitiveness with demographic, training, and employment-related factors were examined using logistic regression. Overall, 61% reported high levels of satisfaction with their career trajectory to-date. Higher salary (odds ratio [OR] = 2.86, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.07-7.69) and having more leadership roles (OR = 2.26, 95% CI:1.04-4.90) were independently associated with higher career satisfaction. Persons with race/ethnicity other than white (OR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.20-0.82) or age ≥ 50 (OR = 0.40, 95%CI: 0.17-0.94) had lower career satisfaction levels. There were no statistically significant differences in career satisfaction levels by gender, scientific discipline, or employment sector. 74% perceived their current salary as competitive, but persons with 5-9, or ≥10 years in their current position reported lower levels (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.15-0.65; and OR = 0.37, 95% CI: 0.16-0.87, respectively), as did individuals in government positions (OR = 0.33, 95% CI: 0.11-0.98). These data add to the understanding of career satisfaction of those with advanced training in biomedical research by examining these measures in relation to prior postdoctoral research training and across multiple career sectors.

  15. Mean-Variance Portfolio Selection for Defined-Contribution Pension Funds with Stochastic Salary

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Chubing

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on a continuous-time dynamic mean-variance portfolio selection problem of defined-contribution pension funds with stochastic salary, whose risk comes from both financial market and nonfinancial market. By constructing a special Riccati equation as a continuous (actually a viscosity) solution to the HJB equation, we obtain an explicit closed form solution for the optimal investment portfolio as well as the efficient frontier. PMID:24782667

  16. Mean-variance portfolio selection for defined-contribution pension funds with stochastic salary.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Chubing

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on a continuous-time dynamic mean-variance portfolio selection problem of defined-contribution pension funds with stochastic salary, whose risk comes from both financial market and nonfinancial market. By constructing a special Riccati equation as a continuous (actually a viscosity) solution to the HJB equation, we obtain an explicit closed form solution for the optimal investment portfolio as well as the efficient frontier.

  17. What is a Breast Surgeon Worth? A Salary Survey of the American Society of Breast Surgeons.

    PubMed

    Manahan, Eric; Wang, Li; Chen, Steven; Dickson-Witmer, Diana; Zhu, Junjia; Holmes, Dennis; Kass, Rena

    2015-10-01

    Breast surgeons negotiating employment agreements have little national data available. To reduce this knowledge gap, the Education Committee of the American Society of Breast Surgeons conducted a survey of its membership. In 2014, survey questionnaires were sent to society members. Data collected included gender, type of practice, percentage devoted to breast surgery, volume of breast cases, work relative value units, location, benefits, and salary. Descriptive statistics were provided, and a multinomial logistic regression was performed to analyze the impact of various potential factors on salary. Of the 2784 members, a total of 843 observations were included. Overall, 54% of respondents dedicated 100 % of their practice to breast surgery, 64.3% were female, and 40% were fellowship-trained in breast surgery or surgical oncology. The mean income in 2013 was $330.7k. Results from a multinomial model showed gender (p < 0.0001), ownership (p = 0.03), years of practice (p < 0.0001), practice setting (p < 0.0001), practice volume (p < 0.0001), and geographic location (p = 0.05) were statistically significant. After adjusting for other variables, the expected income was higher for males ($378k vs. $310k). The lowest expected income by practice setting was in solo private practice ($249.2k), followed by single-specialty private practice ($285.8k), and academic ($308.5k), with the highest being multispecialty group private practice ($346.6k) and hospital-employed practice ($368.0k). Practice 100% dedicated to breast surgery had a lower than expected income ($326k vs. $343k). Salary-specific data for breast surgeons are limited, and differences in salary were seen across geographic regions, type of practice, and gender. This type of breast-surgeon-specific data may be helpful in ensuring equitable compensation.

  18. Inequalities in the distribution of pharmacists' wage-and-salary earnings: indicators and their development.

    PubMed

    Carvajal, Manuel J; Armayor, Graciela M

    2013-01-01

    Disparities in wages and salaries can be viewed as the dispersion of a statistical distribution that responds to observed and unobserved characteristics, and reflects socioeconomic phenomena such as the interplay of supply and demand, availability of information, and efficiency of markets in their search for equilibrium. The aim of this study was to explore the nature of inequality in the distribution of pharmacists' wage-and-salary earnings and establish the extent to which inequality primarily occurred because of variation between/among groups or within groups of pharmacists in several classifications of human-capital and job-related preference variables. Data were collected through the use of a survey questionnaire mailed to registered pharmacists in South Florida, USA. Five indicators of inequality (the log earnings variance, the coefficient of variation, the lower median share, the 90-10 decile ratio, and the Gini coefficient) were estimated for eight human-capital classifications and eight job-related classifications. A one-way ANOVA model was applied to the groups in each classification to compare variation between/among versus within pharmacy groups. Pharmacists' wage-and-salary earnings were more evenly distributed than most income distributions discussed in the literature. They were more equitably distributed for full-time pharmacists than for all pharmacists in the data set. All five-inequality indicators behaved similarly. Notable differences were observed between/among groups within the gender, age group, marital status, number of children, academic degree, and type of primary pharmacy activity classifications. Inequalities in wages and salaries have been identified both between/among and within pharmacist groups in several classifications using five commonly accepted indicators. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. 45 CFR 1150.20 - What debts are included or excluded from coverage of these regulations on salary offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS Salary Offset § 1150.20 What debts are included or excluded from coverage of...

  20. 45 CFR 1150.24 - Under what conditions will the Endowment make a refund of amounts collected by salary offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS Salary Offset § 1150.24 Under what conditions will the Endowment...

  1. 45 CFR 1150.20 - What debts are included or excluded from coverage of these regulations on salary offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS Salary Offset § 1150.20 What debts are included or excluded from coverage of...

  2. 45 CFR 1150.24 - Under what conditions will the Endowment make a refund of amounts collected by salary offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS Salary Offset § 1150.24 Under what conditions will the Endowment...

  3. Private or salaried practice: how do young general practitioners make their career choice? A qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Kinouani, Shérazade; Boukhors, Gary; Luaces, Baptiste; Durieux, William; Cadwallader, Jean-Sébastien; Aubin-Auger, Isabelle; Gay, Bernard

    2016-09-01

    Young French postgraduates in general practice increasingly prefer salaried practice to private practice in spite of the financial incentives offered by the French government or local communities to encourage the latter. This study aimed to explore the determinants of choice between private or salaried practice among young general practitioners. A qualitative study was conducted in the South West of France. Semi-structured interviews of young general practitioners were audio-recorded until data saturation. Recordings were transcribed and then analyzed according to Grounded Theory by three researchers working independently. Sixteen general practitioners participated in this study. For salaried and private doctors, the main factors governing their choice were occupational factors: working conditions, need of varied scope of practice, quality of the doctor-patient relationship or career flexibility. Other factors such as postgraduate training, having worked as a locum or self-interest were also determining. Young general practitioners all expected a work-life balance. The fee-for-service scheme or home visits may have discouraged young general practitioners from choosing private practice. National health policies should increase the attractiveness of ambulatory general practice by promoting the diversification of modes of remuneration and encouraging the organization of group exercises in multidisciplinary medical homes and community health centers.

  4. A Statistical Analysis of the Medicare Hospital Routine Nursing Salary Cost Differential

    PubMed Central

    Fitzmaurice, J. Michael

    1983-01-01

    From July 1971 (but effective retroactively to July 1, 1969) to October 1981, Medicare hospital reimbursement methods assumed that patients in the qualifying categories of the aged, pediatric, maternal, and kidney transplant cases consumed 8.5 percent more routine nursing resources than patients outside these categories. Consequently, the Medicare program paid this nursing differential to hospitals for all its hospitalized beneficiaries in these categories. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether hospitals with more qualifying Medicare patients do, in fact, have higher per diem routine nursing salary costs. This study tests this hypothesis while attempting to hold constant the influences of other factors such as local area wages, hospital size, occupancy rate, type of control, and geographic region. Using 1979 data from over 4,500 hospitals, and 1977, 1978, and 1979 data from a sample of 1200 hospitals, this study looks at the relationship between per diem hospital routine nursing salary costs and the proportion of qualifying Medicare routine patient days in two models. Model I incorporates the framework of the Section 223 routine cost limits and Model II incorporates a comprehensive set of variables representing the hospitals′ production and output characteristics. The evidence from this study provides little empirical basis to support the existence of a strong or sizeable relationship and, hence, does not support payment of the Medicare routine nursing salary cost differential. PMID:10310276

  5. Height conditions salary expectations: Evidence from large-scale data in China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Xiao; Gao, Jian; Liu, Jin-Hu; Zhou, Tao

    2018-07-01

    Height premium has been revealed by extensive literature, however, evidence from China based on large-scale data remains still lacking. In this paper, we study how height conditions salary expectations by exploring a dataset covering over 140,000 Chinese job seekers. By using graphical and regression models, we find evidence in support of height premium that tall people expect a significantly higher salary in career development. In particular, regression results suggest stronger effects of height premium on female than on male, however, the gender differences decrease as the education level increases and become insignificant after holding all control variables fixed. Further, results from graphical models suggest three promising ways in helping short people: (i) to accumulate more working experiences, since one year seniority can respectively make up about 3 cm and 7 cm shortness for female and male; (ii) to increase the level of education, since one higher academic degree may eliminate all disadvantages that brought by shortness; (iii) to target jobs in regions with a higher level of development. Our work provides a cross-culture supportive evidence of height premium and contributes two novel features to the literature: the compensation story in helping short people, and the focus on salary expectations in isolation from discrimination channels.

  6. Pharmacists' wages and salaries: The part-time versus full-time dichotomy.

    PubMed

    Carvajal, Manuel J; Popovici, Ioana

    2016-01-01

    Recent years have seen significant growth in part-time work among pharmacy personnel. If preferences and outlooks of part-time and full-time workers differ, job-related incentives may not have the same effect on both groups; different management practices may be necessary to cope with rapidly evolving workforces. To compare wage-and-salary responses to the number of hours worked, human-capital stock, and job-related preferences between full-time and part-time pharmacists. The analysis focused on the pharmacist workforce because, unlike other professions, remuneration is fairly linear with respect to the amount of time worked. Data were collected from a self-reported survey of licensed pharmacists in southern Florida (U.S. State). The sample consisted of 979 full-time and 254 part-time respondents. Using ordinary least squares, a model estimated, separately for full-time and part-time pharmacists, annual wage-and-salary earnings as functions of average workweek, human-capital stock, and job-related preferences. Practitioners working less than 36 h/week were driven almost exclusively by pay, whereas practitioners working 36 h or more exhibited a more comprehensive approach to their work experience that included variables beyond monetary remuneration. Managing part-time pharmacists calls for emphasis on wage-and-salary issues. Job-security and gender- and children-related concerns, such as flexibility, should be oriented toward full-time practitioners. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Career Satisfaction and Perceived Salary Competitiveness among Individuals Who Completed Postdoctoral Research Training in Cancer Prevention

    PubMed Central

    Faupel-Badger, Jessica M.; Nelson, David E.; Izmirlian, Grant

    2017-01-01

    Studies examining career satisfaction of biomedical scientists are limited, especially in the context of prior postdoctoral training. Here we focused on career satisfaction defined as satisfaction with one’s career trajectory and perceived salary competitiveness among a predominantly Ph.D.-trained population of scientists who completed cancer prevention-related postdoctoral training between 1987–2011. National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program (CPFP) alumni (n = 114), and previous recipients of NCI-sponsored Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (NRSA/F32) postdoctoral fellowships (n = 140) completed online surveys. Associations of career satisfaction and perception of salary competitiveness with demographic, training, and employment-related factors were examined using logistic regression. Overall, 61% reported high levels of satisfaction with their career trajectory to-date. Higher salary (odds ratio [OR] = 2.86, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.07–7.69) and having more leadership roles (OR = 2.26, 95% CI:1.04–4.90) were independently associated with higher career satisfaction. Persons with race/ethnicity other than white (OR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.20–0.82) or age ≥ 50 (OR = 0.40, 95%CI: 0.17–0.94) had lower career satisfaction levels. There were no statistically significant differences in career satisfaction levels by gender, scientific discipline, or employment sector. 74% perceived their current salary as competitive, but persons with 5–9, or ≥10 years in their current position reported lower levels (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.15–0.65; and OR = 0.37, 95% CI: 0.16–0.87, respectively), as did individuals in government positions (OR = 0.33, 95% CI: 0.11–0.98). These data add to the understanding of career satisfaction of those with advanced training in biomedical research by examining these measures in relation to prior postdoctoral research training and across multiple career sectors. PMID:28121985

  8. Population regulation in Gyrodactylus salaris - Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) interactions: testing the paradigm.

    PubMed

    Ramírez, Raúl; Bakke, Tor A; Harris, Philip D

    2015-07-25

    Gyrodactylus salaris is a directly transmitted ectoparasite that reproduces in situ on its fish host. Wild Norwegian (East Atlantic) salmon stocks are thought to be especially susceptible to the parasite due to lack of co-adaptation, contrary to Baltic salmon stocks. This study i) identifies whether time- and density-dependent mechanisms in gyrodactylid population growth exist in G. salaris-Atlantic salmon interactions and ii) based on differences between Norwegian and Baltic stocks, determines whether the 'Atlantic susceptible, Baltic resistant' paradigm holds as an example of local adaptation. A total of 18 datasets of G. salaris population growth on individually isolated Atlantic salmon (12 different stocks) infected with three parasite strains were re-analysed using a Bayesian approach. Datasets included over 2000 observations of 388 individual fish. The best fitting model of population growth was time-limited; parasite population growth rate declined consistently from the beginning of infection. We found no evidence of exponential population growth in any dataset. In some stocks, a density dependence in the size of the initial inoculum limited the maximum rate of parasite population growth. There is no evidence to support the hypothesis that all Norwegian and Scottish Atlantic salmon stocks are equally susceptible to G. salaris, while Baltic stocks control and limit infections due to co-evolution. Northern and Western Norwegian as well as the Scottish Shin stocks, support higher initial parasite population growth rates than Baltic, South-eastern Norwegian, or the Scottish Conon stocks, and several Norwegian stocks tested (Akerselva, Altaelva, Lierelva, Numedalslågen), and the Scottish stocks (i.e. Conon, Shin), were able to limit infections after 40-50 days. No significant differences in performance of the three parasite strains (Batnfjordselva, Figga, and Lierelva), or the two parasite mitochondrial haplotypes (A and F) were observed. Our study shows a

  9. A comparison of salary-wage and hourly-wage acute care nursing units: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Hickey, Rosa G; Buchko, Barbara L; Coe, Paula F; Woods, Anne B

    2015-05-01

    This pilot study examined differences in RN perception of the professional practice environment and financial indicators between salary-wage and hourly-wage compensation models. There is a dearth of current information regarding use of salary-wage models for compensation for direct care nurses. A descriptive, comparative design was used to examine the Revised Professional Practice Environment Scale (RPPE) and financial indicators of nurses in a nonprofit healthcare system over a 6-month period. Mean scores on the RPPE were significantly lower for hourly-wage RNs, and the hourly-wage model resulted in a 1.2% additional cost for overtime hours compared with the fixed cost of the salary-wage model. Nurses in an hourly-wage unit reported a significantly lower perception of the clinical practice environment than did their peers in a salary-wage unit, indicating that professional practice perceptions in a salary-wage unit may provide a more effective professional practice environment. Financial analysis resulted in a budget-neutral impact.

  10. The impact of productivity-based incentives on faculty salary-based compensation.

    PubMed

    Miller, Ronald D; Cohen, Neal H

    2005-07-01

    In industry and academic anesthesia departments, incentives and bonus payments based on productivity are accounting for an increasing proportion of a total compensation. When incentives are primarily based on clinical productivity, the impact on the distribution of total compensation to the faculty is not known. We compared a pure salary-based compensation methodology based entirely on academic rank to salary plus incentives and/or clinical productivity compensation (i.e., billable hours). The change in compensation methodology resulted in two major findings. First, the productivity-based compensation resulted in a large increase in the variability of total compensation among faculty, especially at the Assistant Professor rank. Second, the mean difference in total compensation between Assistant and Full Professors decreased. The authors conclude that this particular incentive plan, primarily directed toward clinical productivity, dramatically changed the distribution of total compensation in favor of junior faculty. Although not analytically investigated, the potential impact of these changes on faculty morale and distribution of faculty activities is discussed.

  11. Salaries and incomes of health workers in sub-Saharan Africa.

    PubMed

    McCoy, David; Bennett, Sara; Witter, Sophie; Pond, Bob; Baker, Brook; Gow, Jeff; Chand, Sudeep; Ensor, Tim; McPake, Barbara

    2008-02-23

    Public-sector health workers are vital to the functioning of health systems. We aimed to investigate pay structures for health workers in the public sector in sub-Saharan Africa; the adequacy of incomes for health workers; the management of public-sector pay; and the fiscal and macroeconomic factors that impinge on pay policy for the public sector. Because salary differentials affect staff migration and retention, we also discuss pay in the private sector. We surveyed historical trends in the pay of civil servants in Africa over the past 40 years. We used some empirical data, but found that accurate and complete data were scarce. The available data suggested that pay structures vary across countries, and are often structured in complex ways. Health workers also commonly use other sources of income to supplement their formal pay. The pay and income of health workers varies widely, whether between countries, by comparison with cost of living, or between the public and private sectors. To optimise the distribution and mix of health workers, policy interventions to address their pay and incomes are needed. Fiscal constraints to increased salaries might need to be overcome in many countries, and non-financial incentives improved.

  12. Salary-Trend Study of Faculty in Marketing Management and Research for the Years 1997-98 and 2000-01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe, Richard D.

    This report is part of an annual national survey that examines salaries of full-time teaching faculty in 54 selected disciplines. Data for the study as a whole were collected from 305 public and 403 private institutions for the baseline year of 1997-1998 and the trend year of 1999-2000. This portion of the study covers salary data for Marketing…

  13. Status of Women in Kentucky State Agencies. Sixth Report. An Analysis of Employment Job Levels and Salaries as of November, 1982. Staff Report 83-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briley, Kyle D.

    According to this report by the Kentucky Commission on Human Rights, women in the Kentucky State government continued to suffer from serious inequities as of November 1982. The salary gap between men and women widened to an annual difference of $4,114, the largest gap of an eight-year trend. The salary gap between black women and white women grew…

  14. Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits of Full-Time Instructional Faculty. Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS) [machine-readable data file].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VSE Corp., Alexandria, VA.

    The "Faculty Salary Survey" machine-readable data file (MRDF) is one component of the Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS). It contains data about salaries, tenure, and fringe benefits for full-time instructional faculty from over 3,000 institutions of higher education located in the United States and its outlying areas.…

  15. Salary-Trend Study of Faculty in Political Science and Government for the Years 1997-98 and 2000-01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe, Richard D.

    This report is part of an annual national survey that examines salaries of full-time teaching faculty in 54 selected disciplines. Data for the study as a whole were collected from 305 public and 403 private institutions for the baseline year of 1997-1998 and the trend year of 1999-2000. This portion of the study covers salary data for Political…

  16. Separating the unequal. New ACHE study shows racial, gender salary disparities still plague the C-suite, a problem the group is working to address.

    PubMed

    Carlson, Joe

    2009-03-09

    According to an American College of Healthcare Executives report, the salary gap between white male health executives' salaries and those of minorities is widening. "You're not very likely to run into someone who will be overtly discriminatory," said Daniel Jackson, left. "It will be more veiled. ... But it also dissipates quickly if you're effective.

  17. Determinants of Salary Growth in Shenzhen, China: An Analysis of Formal Education, On-the-Job Training, and Adult Education with a Three-Level Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiao, Jin

    2002-01-01

    Uses hierarchical linear model to estimate the effects of three forms of human capital on employee salary in China: Formal education, employer-provided on-the-job training, and adult education. Finds, for example, that employees' experience in changing production technology and on-the-job training are positively associated with salary increases…

  18. Employment Sources on the Internet; Placements and Salaries 2001: Salaries Rebound, Women Break Out; Accredited Master's Programs in Library and Information Studies; Library Scholarship Sources; Library Scholarship and Award Recipients, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Catherine; Terrell, Tom

    2003-01-01

    These five articles report on library and information science employment sources on the Internet; librarians' placement and salary trends, including library school graduates, gender differences, and minorities; a list of accredited Mater's programs; a list of library scholarship sources; and a list of library scholarship and award recipients. (LRW)

  19. Annual Salary Study and Survey of Selected Personnel Issues, 1982: A Report on Administrative and Professional Staff and Salaries in Voluntary CWLA Member Agencies as of January 1, 1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haddow, Susan; Jones, Mary Ann

    This publication reports findings of the 1982 Child Welfare League of America's (CWLA) annual study of salaries and personnel issues conducted with the League's voluntary member agencies. Survey forms were sent to 220 voluntary accredited and provisional members of the CWLA and to the Florence Crittenton Division of the CWLA. Each agency was asked…

  20. From socialist principles to motorcycle maintenance: the origin and development of the salaried physician model in the Israeli Public Health Services, 1918 to 1998.

    PubMed Central

    Shvarts, S; de Leeuw, D L; Granit, S; Benbassat, J

    1999-01-01

    For more than 70 years, physicians in the Israeli health care system have been employed on a fixed salary rather than on a fee-for-service basis. The present report is a brief review of the origin and development of this unique salaried physician model and its effect on the terms of physicians' employment. Archival documents were reviewed. The salaried physician model was introduced to ensure egalitarian health care for patients rather than equal payment for physicians. It was accepted by physicians because it guaranteed their employment and income. However, over the years, the salaried physician model has evolved into a complex wage scale, with multiple fringe benefits that bypass formal agreements in order to reward individual physicians. In addition, the salaried physician model has encouraged illegal private practice, which is viewed today as one of the major problems of the Israeli Public Health Services. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 PMID:9949759

  1. Incentive-Related Human Resource Practices for Substance Use Disorder Counselors: Salaries, Benefits, and Training

    PubMed Central

    Rothrauff, Tanja C.; Abraham, Amanda J.; Bride, Brian E.; Roman, Paul M.

    2011-01-01

    Understanding factors associated with incentive-related human resource practices for substance use disorder counselors can help promote a stable workforce in this occupation. We examined three counselor incentives—salaries, benefits, training—and the link with organizational, counselor, and patient characteristics. Data were collected in 2007/08 via face-to-face interviews with 345 administrators/clinical directors in private treatment centers. Centers paid counselors an average of $38,800 annually and provided a mean of 2.83 benefits and 1.61 training (0-4 scales). Characteristics differed based on the incentive. Centers’ managements need to be aware of different incentives that can help attract and retain counselors. PMID:22039315

  2. Measuring Trends in Salaries and Wages in Public Schools: ERS Composite Indicator of Changes. ERS Information Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.

    The composite indicator, published annually by the Educational Research Service (ERS), was designed to reflect overall changes in average salaries and wages paid by public school systems. The purpose of this book is to describe the nature of the indicator, how it is compiled on a national and state basis, and how local school systems can compile…

  3. Study of Salary Equity Between Male and Female Faculty Members of the State of Maryland Public 4-Year Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Board for Higher Education, Annapolis.

    Differences in salaries by sex were studied among the faculty of Maryland public higher education institutions. Focus was on the overall pattern, with consideration of the issue of promotion to rank at the University of Maryland and the state colleges and universities. The scope of the study was limited to full-time, permanent faculty, and data…

  4. Salary-Trend Study of Faculty in Physical Therapy for the Years 1995-96 and 1998-99.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe, Richard D.

    This report, covering 882 physical therapy faculty, is part of an annual national survey of faculty salaries. The survey is in two parts: one covering public and one covering private four-year colleges and universities. Data for the baseline year 1995-96 and the trend year 1998-99 were collected for full-time teaching faculty in 53 selected…

  5. 12 CFR 313.48 - Special review of repayment agreement or salary offset due to changed circumstances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special review of repayment agreement or salary offset due to changed circumstances. 313.48 Section 313.48 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE...) Assets; (3) Liabilities; (4) Number of dependents; (5) Monthly expenses for food, housing, clothing, and...

  6. A Study of Child Care Professionals' Salaries, Benefits, and Working Conditions: Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Napa, and Sonoma Counties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Community Child Care Council of Sonoma County, Santa Rosa, CA.

    Surveys were made of the salaries, benefits, and working conditions of child care professionals in Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Napa, and Sonoma Counties. The centers sampled operated under a variety of auspices. Centers included nonprofit (without subsidized child care spaces), proprietary, public, and subsidized organizations. The survey instrument…

  7. Half-Way Out: How Requiring Outside Offers to Raise Salaries Influences Faculty Retention and Organizational Commitment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Meara, KerryAnn

    2015-01-01

    This institutional case study examines the influence of a policy requiring outside offers for faculty salary increases on institutional retention efforts and faculty organizational commitment. Outside offers and policies governing them are rarely examined, and studied here from the perspective of administrators, leaving faculty, and faculty who…

  8. A Survey of Rank, Salary, Promotion, and Tenure Policies in Fifteen Colleges and Universities. A Survey of Current Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southeast Missouri State Univ., Cape Girardeau.

    Questionnaires designed to find out how institutional policies for evaluating special degrees affected institutional practices in determining initial rank, salary level, tenure status, and eligibility for promotion of faculty members were sent to 27 institutions. The special degrees fell in 4 categories: (1) faculty members with a degree in law…

  9. Focus on Teacher Pay and Incentives: Recent Legislative Actions and Update on Salary Averages. Challenge to Lead

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines, Gale F.

    2004-01-01

    Is your state making progress toward having a high-quality teacher in every classroom? How will you know? One indicator of progress in the Challenge to Lead goals refers to teacher compensation: "Salaries, benefits and incentives are competitive in the marketplace. They are aimed at recognized expertise, student performance, state needs and taking…

  10. A Study of the Salaries and Compensations of Child Care Workers in Hawaii County, State of Hawaii.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Anne

    The purpose of this study was to gather information regarding salaries and fringe benefits received by child care center personnel in Hawaii County, Hawaii. All 42 centers licensed by the Department of Social Services and Housing were surveyed. Directors from 38 centers responded to a two-page questionnaire. The information collected revealed a…

  11. A Three-Pronged Approach to Evaluating Salary Equity among Faculty, Administrators, and Staff at a Metropolitan Research University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armacost, Robert L.

    A study was conducted to evaluate inequalities in salary for all regular faculty, administrative, and staff employees with respect to gender and ethnicity at a major metropolitan research university. In all, there were 648 minorities in the study and 1,443 women. Three approaches were used to test for inequalities: (1) a multiple regression…

  12. Focus on Teacher Pay and Incentives: Recent Legislative Actions and Update on Salary Averages. Challenge to Lead

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines; Gale F.

    2007-01-01

    Teacher pay continues to be a hot issue for states, particularly since it is likely the largest expenditure in education budgets. This paper summarizes the latest on average salaries in the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) states, including an update on recent incentive pay programs, pilot projects, and other legislative actions that…

  13. National Faculty Salary Survey by Discipline and Rank in Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities, 1995-96.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appalachian State Univ., Boone, NC.

    This volume presents data from the 15th annual survey of faculty salaries by discipline and rank in the nation's public colleges and universities. Three hundred and twenty nine institutions participated in the survey. Data are presented by 55 disciplines and major fields and for both institutions with and without collective bargaining. The overall…

  14. Time, Money, and the Control of One's Own Work Life: An Examination of the Deferred Salary Leave Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Stephen L.; Kennedy, Sylvia

    1997-01-01

    Describes a contractually negotiated income/leisure substitution provision commonly used in Canada. The deferred-salary leave plan gives teachers greater control over their work lives by letting them set aside monies to underwrite future leaves of absence. The plan may help teachers alleviate job stress, offset increased demands of reform…

  15. Can a District-Level Teacher Salary Incentive Policy Improve Teacher Recruitment and Retention? Policy Brief 13-4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hough, Heather J.; Loeb, Susanna

    2013-01-01

    In this policy brief, Heather Hough and Susanna Loeb examine the effect of the Quality Teacher and Education Act of 2008 (QTEA) on teacher recruitment, retention, and overall teacher quality in the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD). They provide evidence that a salary increase can improve a school district's attractiveness within their…

  16. A Decade beyond the Doctorate: The Influence of a US Postdoctoral Appointment on Faculty Career, Productivity, and Salary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Lijing; Webber, Karen L.

    2015-01-01

    The number of postdoctoral researchers has increased dramatically in the past decade. Because of the limited number of academic staff openings and the general levels of salary, the role and value of the postdoctoral appointment are changing. Using a sample of respondents with continuous data in the 1999 through 2008 "Survey of Doctoral…

  17. The Structure and Determinants of Expected and Actual Starting Salaries of Higher Education Students in Germany: Identical or Different?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frick, Bernd; Maihaus, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Using two representative samples of some 74,000 students and 11,000 graduates, respectively, we analyse the accuracy of students' wage expectations given their individual characteristics. We find that students are aware of the effects of most of their own characteristics, as a large number of determinants of expected and realised salaries do not…

  18. 15 CFR 19.12 - How will Commerce entities offset a Federal employee's salary to collect a Commerce debt?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Financial Management Service for collection by administrative offset, including salary offset... documentary evidence alone. All travel expenses incurred by the Federal employee in connection with an in... be resolved by review of documentary evidence alone (for example, when an issue of credibility or...

  19. Trends and Indicators: Pension Money in the Stock Market; One-Year Percentage Increases in Median Salaries of College Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chronicle of Higher Education, 1992

    1992-01-01

    Trends in Teachers Insurance and Annuities Association (TIAA) and College Retirement Equities Fund (CREF) investments as compared with Standard and Poor's 500 stocks are graphed for 1989-92; and increases in college administrator salaries, by institution type and job type, are tabulated for each academic year, 1988-89 through 1991-92. (MSE)

  20. Postbaccalaureate Salaries of Psychology Majors from a Historically Black University: How Much Does a Master's Degree Add?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sibulkin, Amy E.; Butler, J. S.

    2016-01-01

    A sample of predominantly African American psychology major baccalaureates from a historically Black university self-reported job types, salaries, and master's degree completion. For this pre-2009 recession sample, we found that (a) the rates of employment were quite high; (b) most jobs were related to health, mental health, social work, and…