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Sample records for instituto adolfo lutz

  1. On the type series of Scinax perpusillus (Lutz & Lutz, 1939) (Anura: Hylidae).

    PubMed

    Colaço, Gustavo; Silva, Helio Ricardo Da

    2016-08-19

    The literature regarding the type series of Scinax perpusillus (Lutz & Lutz, 1939) presents two distinct numbers for the holotype. In 1973, thirty-four years after the description, Bertha Lutz associated numbers to the type series. This numbering has been followed by subsequent reviewers of Scinax ever since, with exception of Peixoto (1987) who assigned another number to the holotype. Our reevaluation of the literature and examination of the type series allowed us to access that, in both cases, the numbers were incorrectly assigned to the specimens and determine the proper museum numbers for this series.

  2. Adolpho Lutz and the origins of medical entomology in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Benchimol, J L

    2005-12-01

    Adolpho Lutz (1855-1940) formed a bridge between the Bahian Tropicalist School and post-Mansonian medicine. Before taking over as head of the São Paulo Bacteriological Institute (1893), Lutz traveled through a variety of regions and delved into various disciplines. In the 1880s, he was already arguing that leprosy was transmitted by mosquitoes. Carbuncles, cholera, and typhoid fever were then the accepted models for investigating the etiology of infectious diseases. Following the discovery of how malaria was transmitted, attention turned to hematophagous diptera. Physicians, bacteriologists, zoologists, and veterinarians reshaped the network of actors involved in the 'hunt' for the agents and transmitters of diseases, as they began relying on analogies with malaria and yellow fever. Edwin Ray Lankester, director of the British Museum (Natural History), launched then a worldwide investigation into species that might be linked to human disease. The species described by Lutz and his proposed classification system were vital to Frederick Theobald's fundamental work in medical entomology, published in the early twentieth century. In 1908, Lutz brought with him to the Oswaldo Cruz Institute a remarkable quantity of research and experiments in all branches of the newly created "tropical medicine," devoted especially to entomology.

  3. World Reference Center for Arboviruses.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-29

    February 1993 - 8 December 1993 Reauestor/Recipient Item shiDned Date Dr. Jorge Boshell 1 dengue 3 virus 11/30/93 Grupo de Virologia 1 CER cells Instituto...1 Rocio virus,SP H 34675, 12/14/92 Diretora do Servico de Virologia pass 5 Instituto Adolfo Lutz 1 Rocio MAF,V585-701-562 Av. Dr. Arnaldo 355 CEP

  4. New Neotropical Culicoides and redescription of Culicoides reticulatus Lutz (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).

    PubMed

    Santarém, Maria Clara Alves; Da Trindade, Rosimeire Lopes; Da Silva, Tiago Do Nascimento; Castellón, Eloy Guillermo; Patiu, Cátia Antunes De Mello; Felippe-Bauer, Maria Luiza

    2014-05-13

    Seven new species of the Culicoides reticulatus species group are described and illustrated based on specimens from Colombia, Panama and Brazilian states of northern (Amazonas, Pará and Roraima) and southeast region (Rio de Janeiro). The new species are compared with their similar congener, Culicoides reticulatus Lutz, and a systematic key, table with numerical characters to the females of the species are provided. Redescription of Culicoides reticulatus Lutz is given based on type series deposited in the Ceratopogonidae Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazil. The distribution of these species is presented in figure 9.

  5. Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    The Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC) and its Observatories—the OBSERVATORIO DEL TEIDE on Tenerife and the OBSERVATORIO DEL ROQUE DE LOS MUCHACHOS on La Palma—are a Spanish research center open, from 1979, to the international scientific community through its Agreements on Cooperation in Astrophysics. The IAC Observatories in fact form the European Northern Observatory (ENO), in which in...

  6. Test Reviews: Euler, B. L. (2007). "Emotional Disturbance Decision Tree". Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tansy, Michael

    2009-01-01

    The Emotional Disturbance Decision Tree (EDDT) is a teacher-completed norm-referenced rating scale published by Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc., in Lutz, Florida. The 156-item EDDT was developed for use as part of a broader assessment process to screen and assist in the identification of 5- to 18-year-old children for the special…

  7. Test Reviews: Euler, B. L. (2007). "Emotional Disturbance Decision Tree". Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tansy, Michael

    2009-01-01

    The Emotional Disturbance Decision Tree (EDDT) is a teacher-completed norm-referenced rating scale published by Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc., in Lutz, Florida. The 156-item EDDT was developed for use as part of a broader assessment process to screen and assist in the identification of 5- to 18-year-old children for the special…

  8. VizieR Online Data Catalog: PACS Evolutionary Probe (PEP-DR1) catalogs (Lutz+, 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lutz, D.; Poglitsch, A.; Altieri, B.; Andreani, P.; Aussel, H.; Berta, S.; Bongiovanni, A.; Brisbin, D.; Cava, A.; Cepa, J.; Cimatti, A.; Daddi, E.; Dominguez-Sanchez, H.; Elbaz, D.; Foerster Schreiber, N. M.; Genzel, R.; Grazian, A.; Gruppioni, C.; Harwit, M.; Le Floc'h, E.; Magdis, G.; Magnelli, B.; Maiolino, R.; Nordon, R.; Perez Garcia, A. M.; Popesso, P.; Pozzi, F.; Riguccini, L.; Rodighiero, G.; Saintonge, A.; Sanchez Portal, M.; Santini, P.; Shao, L.; Sturm, E.; Tacconi, L. J.; Valtchanov, I.; Wetzstein, M.; Wieprecht, E.

    2013-11-01

    PACS catalogs built by the PEP team, with key contributions by Stefano Berta, Benjamin Magnelli, Paola Popesso, Dieter Lutz, Francesca Pozzi, Bruno Altieri, Herve Aussel, Hoseong Hwang, Emeric Le Floc'h, Georgios Magdis, Raanan Nordon, Albrecht Poglitsch, Laurie Riguccini, Amelie Saintonge, Li Shao. For more details, please refer to Lutz et al. (2011A&A...532A..90L) and to the PDF documentation associated to the release. Data and catalogs can be retrieved from the web page http://www.mpe.mpg.de/ir/Research/PEP/publicdatareleases.php See the PDF documentation associated to the PEP DR1 release, http://www.mpe.mpg.de/resources/PEP/DR1tarballs/readmePEP_global.pdf and http://www.mpe.mpg.de/resources/PEP/DR1tarballs/readmePEP_SPIRE.pdf for more details. (69 data files).

  9. [Prevalence of enteral patients with suboptimal feeding at Centro Medico Lic. Adolfo Lopez Mateos].

    PubMed

    Baca Molina, Giovanna Paola; Peña Corona, Maribel

    2015-04-01

    Antecedentes y Objetivo: En México, el 64% de los pacientes hospitalizados sufren de desnutrición hospitalaria y hasta un 100% en adultos mayores, se han estudiado las causas, entre ellas se destacan: la sub-alimentación, el tiempo de hospitalización, el catabolismo presente en diversas patologías, falta de interés o tiempo del personal que labora en los hospitales entre otras. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue obtener la prevalencia de sub-alimentación en los pacientes hospitalizados con soporte enteral, en el Centro Médico “Lic. Adolfo López Mateos” (CMLALM) durante el periodo Agosto – Octubre 2014. Metodología: Se diseñó un estudio observacional, transversal, descriptivo; con una población de 52 pacientes con soporte enteral en el que se analizó la prevalencia de pacientes con sub-alimentación a partir de la ministración de la dieta enteral y la prescripción nutricional calórica establecida, durante el periodo de Agosto – Octubre 2014. Resultados: Se realizaron medidas de tendencia central para obtener el porcentaje de pacientes con sub-alimentación calórica. La prevalencia de pacientes con sub-alimentación fue del 71%, con mayor predominio el sexo masculino (70%) y en un rango de edad entre 51 años y 61 años (43%). El servicio médico de hospitalización donde se encontró la mayor prevalencia de pacientes con sub-alimentación fue medicina interna afectando a 14 pacientes (38%), seguido de neurocirugía con 7 pacientes (19%) y unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) con 7 pacientes (19%); siendo el turno nocturno donde se presentó en mayor predominio la sub-alimentación. Conclusiones: La sub-alimentación afectó a 37 pacientes con soporte enteral los cuales representan el 71% de la población estudiada, esta cifra coincide con otros estudios similares. La causa principal de la sub-alimentación fue el incumplimiento en la ministración de la dieta enteral.

  10. Lutz's spontaneous sedimentation technique and the paleoparasitological analysis of sambaqui (shell mound) sediments

    PubMed Central

    Camacho, Morgana; Pessanha, Thaíla; Leles, Daniela; Dutra, Juliana MF; Silva, Rosângela; de Souza, Sheila Mendonça; Araujo, Adauto

    2013-01-01

    Parasite findings in sambaquis (shell mounds) are scarce. Although the 121 shell mound samples were previously analysed in our laboratory, we only recently obtained the first positive results. In the sambaqui of Guapi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, paleoparasitological analysis was performed on sediment samples collected from various archaeological layers, including the superficial layer as a control. Eggs of Acanthocephala, Ascaridoidea and Heterakoidea were found in the archaeological layers. We applied various techniques and concluded that Lutz's spontaneous sedimentation technique is effective for concentrating parasite eggs in sambaqui soil for microscopic analysis. PMID:23579793

  11. Response of Lutz, Sitka, and white spruce to attack by Dendroctonus rufipennis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and blue stain fungi

    Treesearch

    Richard A. Werner; Barbara L. Illman

    1994-01-01

    Mechanical wounding and wounding plus inoculation with a blue-stain fungus, Leptographium abietinum (Peck), associated with the spruce beetle, Dendroctonus rufipennis (Kirby), caused an induced reaction zone or lesion around the wound sites in Lutz spruce, Picea lutzii Little, Sitka spruce, P. sitchensis (Bong.) Carr., and white spruce, P. glauca (Moench) Voss, in...

  12. SU-E-CAMPUS-T-01: Automation of the Winston-Lutz Test for Stereotactic Radiosurgery

    SciTech Connect

    Litzenberg, D; Irrer, J; Kessler, M; Lam, K; Keranen, W

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To optimize clinical efficiency and shorten patient wait time by minimizing the time and effort required to perform the Winston-Lutz test before stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) through automation of the delivery, analysis, and documentation of results. Methods: The radiation fields of the Winston-Lutz (WL) test were created in a “machine-QA patient” saved in ARIA for use before SRS cases. Images of the BRW target ball placed at mechanical isocenter are captured with the portal imager for each of four, 2cm×2cm, MLC-shaped beams. When the WL plan is delivered and closed, this event is detected by in-house software called EventNet which automates subsequent processes with the aid of the ARIA web services. Images are automatically retrieved from the ARIA database and analyzed to determine the offset of the target ball from radiation isocenter. The results are posted to a website and a composite summary image of the results is pushed back into ImageBrowser for review and authenticated documentation. Results: The total time to perform the test was reduced from 20-25 minutes to less than 4 minutes. The results were found to be more accurate and consistent than the previous method which used radiochromic film. The images were also analyzed with DoseLab for comparison. The difference between the film and automated WL results in the X and Y direction and the radius were (−0.17 +/− 0.28) mm, (0.21 +/− 0.20) mm and (−0.14 +/− 0.27) mm, respectively. The difference between the DoseLab and automated WL results were (−0.05 +/− 0.06) mm, (−0.01 +/− 0.02) mm and (0.01 +/− 0.07) mm, respectively. Conclusions: This process reduced patient wait times by 15–20 minutes making the treatment machine available to treat another patient. Accuracy and consistency of results were improved over the previous method and were comparable to other commercial solutions. Access to the ARIA web services is made possible through an Eclipse co-development agreement

  13. The last scream: the distress call of a probably extinct Brazilian anuran (Holoaden bradei Lutz, 1958).

    PubMed

    Martinelli, Amanda; Toledo, Luís Felipe

    2016-11-03

    The genus Holoaden Miranda-Ribeiro (Anura, Craugastoridae, Holoadeninae) includes four species endemic to the southeastern Brazilian Atlantic Forest, which occur in cloud forests at high elevations (Lutz 1958, Pombal et al. 2008, Martins & Zaher 2013). Out of these, two species are considered threatened by Ministério do Meio Ambiente (2014): H. bradei is classified as critically endangered (CR) and H. luederwaldti as endangered (EN). Holoaden bradei might be already extinct in the wild, as it has not been recorded in the last 40 years in spite of intense scientific activity within its original distribution range (Rocha & van Sluys 2004). The advertisement call has been described only for Holoaden luederwaldti (Martins 2010). Call descriptions, especially of advertisement calls, are important sources of evidence in taxonomic and phylogenetic studies (Roy 1996, Toledo et al. 2007, Andrade et al. 2016). However, there are other call types (see classification in Toledo et al. 2015) that can be used in absence of advertisement calls (e.g., Grenat & Martino 2013). We recently had access to a recording made in 1960's of the distress call of H. bradei. We hereby describe this call.

  14. SU-E-J-117: Verification Method for the Detection Accuracy of Automatic Winston Lutz Test

    SciTech Connect

    Tang, A; Chan, K; Fee, F; Chau, R

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Winston Lutz test (WLT) has been a standard QA procedure performed prior to SRS treatment, to verify the mechanical iso-center setup accuracy upon different Gantry/Couch movements. Several detection algorithms exist,for analyzing the ball-radiation field alignment automatically. However, the accuracy of these algorithms have not been fully addressed. Here, we reveal the possible errors arise from each step in WLT, and verify the software detection accuracy with the Rectilinear Phantom Pointer (RLPP), a tool commonly used for aligning treatment plan coordinate with mechanical iso-center. Methods: WLT was performed with the radio-opaque ball mounted on a MIS and irradiated onto EDR2 films. The films were scanned and processed with an in-house Matlab program for automatic iso-center detection. Tests were also performed to identify the errors arise from setup, film development and scanning process. The radioopaque ball was then mounted onto the RLPP, and offset laterally and longitudinally in 7 known positions ( 0, ±0.2, ±0.5, ±0.8 mm) manually for irradiations. The gantry and couch was set to zero degree for all irradiation. The same scanned images were processed repeatedly to check the repeatability of the software. Results: Miminal discrepancies (mean=0.05mm) were detected with 2 films overlapped and irradiated but developed separately. This reveals the error arise from film processor and scanner alone. Maximum setup errors were found to be around 0.2mm, by analyzing data collected from 10 irradiations over 2 months. For the known shift introduced using the RLPP, the results agree with the manual offset, and fit linearly (R{sup 2}>0.99) when plotted relative to the first ball with zero shift. Conclusion: We systematically reveal the possible errors arise from each step in WLT, and introduce a simple method to verify the detection accuracy of our in-house software using a clinically available tool.

  15. [The serovars of Leptospira interrogans isolated from cases of human leptospirosis in São Paulo, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Sakata, E E; Yasuda, P H; Romero, E C; Silva, M V; Lomar, A V

    1992-01-01

    Eighteen strains of L. interrogans isolated from human cases were serotyped by the agglutinin-absorption test at Instituto Adolfo Lutz in São Paulo, Brazil. Fourteen were identified as serovar copenhageni (icterohaemorrhagiae serogroup), 2 as canicola (canicola serogroup), 1 as castellonis (Ballum serogroup) and 1 as pomona serogroup (serovar not yet defined). The frequency of serovar copenhageni in 100% of the isolates in icterohaemorrhagiae serogroup is emphasized and more studies to verify the real serovars prevalence as subsidy to the epidemiology of this infection are suggested by the authors.

  16. A simple model for Lutz and Bujard's controllable promoters and its application for analyzing a simple genetic oscillator.

    PubMed

    Zamora-Chimal, C G; Zeron, E S

    2015-01-01

    We develop an exact and flexible mathematical model for Lutz and Bujard's controllable promoters. It can be used as a building block for modeling genetic systems based on them. Special attention is paid to deduce all the model parameters from reported (in vitro) experimental data. We validate our model by comparing the regulatory ranges measured in vivo by Lutz and Bujard against the ranges predicted by the model, and which are calculated as the reporter activity obtained under inducing conditions divided by the activity measured under maximal repression. In particular, we verify Bond et al. assertion that the cooperativity between two lac operators can be assumed to be negligible when their central base pairs are separated by 22 or 32 bp [Gene repression by minimal lac loops in vivo, Nucleic Acids Res, 38 (2010) 8072-8082]. Moreover, we also find that the probability that two repressors LacI bind to these operators at the same time can be assumed to be negligible as well. We finally use the model for the promoter P(LlacO-1) to analyze a synthetic genetic oscillator recently build by Stricker et al. [A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator, Nature, 456 (2008) 516-519].

  17. A simple model for Lutz and Bujard’s controllable promoters and its application for analyzing a simple genetic oscillator

    PubMed Central

    Zamora-Chimal, CG; Zeron, ES

    2015-01-01

    Abstract We develop an exact and flexible mathematical model for Lutz and Bujard’s controllable promoters. It can be used as a building block for modeling genetic systems based on them. Special attention is paid to deduce all the model parameters from reported (in vitro) experimental data. We validate our model by comparing the regulatory ranges measured in vivo by Lutz and Bujard against the ranges predicted by the model, and which are calculated as the reporter activity obtained under inducing conditions divided by the activity measured under maximal repression. In particular, we verify Bond et al. assertion that the cooperativity between two lac operators can be assumed to be negligible when their central base pairs are separated by 22 or 32 bp [Gene repression by minimal lac loops in vivo, Nucleic Acids Res, 38 (2010) 8072–8082]. Moreover, we also find that the probability that two repressors LacI bind to these operators at the same time can be assumed to be negligible as well. We finally use the model for the promoter PLlacO-1 to analyze a synthetic genetic oscillator recently build by Stricker et al. [A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator, Nature, 456 (2008) 516–519]. PMID:25720352

  18. On the selection of gantry and collimator angles for isocenter localization using Winston-Lutz tests.

    PubMed

    Du, Weiliang; Johnson, Jennifer L; Jiang, Wei; Kudchadker, Rajat J

    2016-01-08

    In Winston-Lutz (WL) tests, the isocenter of a linear accelerator (linac) is determined as the intersection of radiation central axes (CAX) from multiple gantry, collimator, and couch angles. It is well known that the CAX can wobble due to mechanical imperfections of the linac. Previous studies suggested that the wobble varies with gantry and collimator angles. Therefore, the isocenter determined in the WL tests has a profound dependence on the gantry and collimator angles at which CAX are sampled. In this study, we evaluated the systematic and random errors in the iso-centers determined with different CAX sampling schemes. Digital WL tests were performed on six linacs. For each WL test, 63 CAX were sampled at nine gantry angles and seven collimator angles. Subsets of these data were used to simulate the effects of various CAX sampling schemes. An isocenter was calculated from each subset of CAX and compared against the reference isocenter, which was calculated from 48 opposing CAX. The differences between the calculated isocenters and the reference isocenters ranged from 0 to 0.8 mm. The differences diminished to less than 0.2 mm when 24 or more CAX were sampled. Isocenters determined with collimator 0° were vertically lower than those determined with collimator 90° and 270°. Isocenter localization errors in the longitudinal direction (along the axis of gantry rotation) showed a strong dependence on the collimator angle selected. The errors in all directions were significantly reduced when opposing collimator angles and opposing gantry angles were employed. The isocenter localization errors were less than 0.2 mm with the common CAX sampling scheme, which used four cardinal gantry angles and two opposing collimator angles. Reproducibility stud-ies on one linac showed that the mean and maximum variations of CAX during the WL tests were 0.053 mm and 0.30 mm, respectively. The maximal variation in the resulting isocenters was 0.068 mm if 48 CAX were used, or 0

  19. On the selection of gantry and collimator angles for isocenter localization using Winston-Lutz tests.

    PubMed

    Du, Weiliang; Johnson, Jennifer L; Jiang, Wei; Kudchadker, Rajat J

    2016-01-01

    In Winston-Lutz (WL) tests, the isocenter of a linear accelerator (linac) is determined as the intersection of radiation central axes (CAX) from multiple gantry, collimator, and couch angles. It is well known that the CAX can wobble due to mechanical imperfections of the linac. Previous studies suggested that the wobble varies with gantry and collimator angles. Therefore, the isocenter determined in the WL tests has a profound dependence on the gantry and collimator angles at which CAX are sampled. In this study, we evaluated the systematic and random errors in the isocenters determined with different CAX sampling schemes. Digital WL tests were performed on six linacs. For each WL test, 63 CAX were sampled at nine gantry angles and seven collimator angles. Subsets of these data were used to simulate the effects of various CAX sampling schemes. An isocenter was calculated from each subset of CAX and compared against the reference isocenter, which was calculated from 48 opposing CAX. The differences between the calculated isocenters and the reference isocenters ranged from 0 to 0.8 mm. The differences diminished to less than 0.2 mm when 24 or more CAX were sampled. Isocenters determined with collimator 0° were vertically lower than those determined with collimator 90° and 270°. Isocenter localization errors in the longitudinal direction (along the axis of gantry rotation) showed a strong dependence on the collimator angle selected. The errors in all directions were significantly reduced when opposing collimator angles and opposing gantry angles were employed. The isocenter localization errors were less than 0.2 mm with the common CAX sampling scheme, which used four cardinal gantry angles and two opposing collimator angles. Reproducibility studies on one linac showed that the mean and maximum variations of CAX during the WL tests were 0.053 mm and 0.30 mm, respectively. The maximal variation in the resulting isocenters was 0.068 mm if 48 CAX were used, or 0.13 mm

  20. SU-E-T-133: Isocenter Measurements with the Winston-Lutz Test: Impact on Treatment Planning.

    PubMed

    Templeton, A; Chu, J; Turian, J

    2012-06-01

    To assure high accuracy in radiation delivery during linear accelerator based stereotactic radiosurgery procedures, a Winston-Lutz test is typically performed to measure the effective isocenter wander over the wide range of gantry and couch angles employed. Ideally, this deviation is lower than 1-1.5 mm depending on institutional tolerances. Automation of this test with portal imaging allows a large amount of data to be taken and processed. This study explores the effect of various collimation techniques on beam-center stability, and addresses one technique of repositioning in response. Winston-Lutz shots were obtained using a Trilogy linear accelerator, BrainLab Winston-Lutz pointer, and electronic portal imaging from a full range of gantry and couch angles. The test was repeated using MLCs, a 10mm stereotactic cone from BrainLab, and jaws for beam collimation. All images were processed using an in-house MATLAB-based program which calculates the distance between the tungsten ball and aperture center with accuracy within ∼0.1mm. Ideal shifts were calculated by minimizing this variation from gantry rotation alone, and performed manually. The in-plane gantry sag was found to be on the order of ∼0.8mm, independent of collimation technique or setup. The MLC carriage had a ∼0.3mm cross-plane displacement to the inferior from the cone center, negated by a 90 degree collimator rotation. The total gantry misalignment was greatest near gantry 180 (∼1.5mm), varying by collimation method. Optimizing to minimize gantry error reduced errors to less than 0.7mm but increased the effect of couch rotation. Isocenter evaluation is dependent on collimation method used, and should be conducted with the same technique as delivery. It may be useful to consider the varying delivery accuracy from different couch/gantry angles during treatment planning. Repositioning methods after couch rotation may affect ideal laser positions. © 2012 American Association of Physicists in

  1. [Development of an automated method for analysis of Winston-Lutz test results using digital radiography and photostimulable storage phosphor].

    PubMed

    Nagafuchi, Kousuke; Kawata, Hidemichi; Nashiki, Kazutaka; Ohkura, Sunao; Hayashida, Kazuya; Kawahara, Tomomi; Ohishi, Ayumu; Mizoguchi, Asumi; Saida, Yoshifumi

    2013-11-01

    Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and radiotherapy (SRT) are intricate techniques that deliver a highly precise radiation dose to a localized target, usually a tumor. At our hospital, we perform SRS and SRT on brain tumors using a linear accelerator (linac) mounted with an external micro multi-leaf system. The Task Group TG-142 Report by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine recommends the coincidence of the radiation and mechanical isocenter to be within ±1 mm. The Winston-Lutz test is commonly used to verify the linac isocenter position: it has the advantages of being a simple method that uses a film or electronic portal imaging device (EPID). However, the film method requires a higher radiation dose, which makes it more time-consuming than the EPID method, and the results are highly dependent on the skills of the observer. The EPID method has certain advantages over the film method, but it has low resolution and can only be used for a few combinations of gantry and couch angles. This prompted us to develop an in-house-designed radiation receptor system based on digital radiography, using a photostimulable storage phosphor and automated analysis algorithm for Winston-Lutz test images using a template-matching technique based on cross-correlation coefficients. Our proposed method shows a maximum average absolute error of 0.222 mm (less than 2 pixels) for 0.5 mm and 1.0 mm displacement from the isocenter toward the inline and crossline directions. Our proposed method is thus potentially useful for verifying the Linac isocenter position with a small error and good reproducibility, as demonstrated by improved accuracy of evaluation.

  2. Wyeomyia (Prosopolepis) Confusa (Lutz): Subgeneric Validation, Species Description, and Recognition of Wyeomyia Flui (Bonne-Wepster and Bonne) as the Senior Synonym of Wyeomyia Kerri Del Ponte and Cerqueira

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    description includes illustrations of the male and female genitalia, the 4th-stage larva, and the pupa . Prosopolepis Jiui Bonne-Wepster and Bonne is...belong in the subgenus Prosopolepis and remains in the genus Wyeomyia without subgeneric placement. Trichoprosopon pusillum Lutz and Nuiiez-Tovar is not...a genus by Lutz (1905) for a single species named Prosopo- lepis confusus. Dyar and Knab added Prosopolepis jocosa to the genus in 1908, they

  3. [Effect of several extracts derived from plants on the survival of larvae of Aedes fluviatilis (Lutz) (Diptera: Culicidae) in the laboratory].

    PubMed

    Consoli, R A; Mendes, N M; Pereira, J P; Santos, B de S; Lamounier, M A

    1988-01-01

    The larvicidal properties of 34 plant extracts were tested against Aedes fluviatilis (Lutz) (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae, at 100, 10 and 1 ppm concentrations; 26.6% of the extracts enhanced larval mortality (alpha = 0.05) at 100 ppm (Anacardium occidentale, Agave americana, Allium sativum, Coriandrum sativum, Nerium oleander, Spatodea campanulata, Tibouchina scrobiculata and Vernonia salzmanni). Anacardic acid (A. occidentale) was effective at 10 ppm and A. sativum (crude extract) at 1 ppm.

  4. [History of Instituto Nacional de Salud Ocupacional del Peru].

    PubMed

    Cossio-Brazzan, Juan M

    2012-06-01

    In Peru, the industry's development has made economic improvements but at the same time, it has had a major impact on the health of the workers; for that reason, it was necessary to generate control mechanisms. So, in 1940 it was created the Departmento de Higiene Industrial, which in 1956 was changed to Instituto de Salud Ocupacional, but it was deactivated in 1994. However, in 2001 it reappeared into the Ministerio de Salud organizational structure with the name of Instituto de Salud Ocupacional "Alberto Hurtado Abadía". Actually, it is the Centro Nacional de Salud Ocupacional y Protección del Ambiente para la Salud (CENSOPAS), organ of the Instituto Nacional de Salud which continues working in synergy with other institutions and sectors, making research to protect the health of exposed persons (workers and community) to contamination and risks associated with economic activities.

  5. [Instituto de Terapéutica Operatoria (1880-1939). Instituto Rubio y Gali, Instituto Moncloa. Contribution to medical specialities and nursing in Spain].

    PubMed

    Vázquez de Quevedo, Francisco

    2005-01-01

    We develop in this paper the activities of "Instituto de Terapeutica Operatoria" during the fifty-seven years of its existence (1880-1939). It was founded by Federico Rubio (1827-1902). We consider three periods of existence for the institute: First: From its foundation (in "Hospital de la Princesa", 1880-1896) and during the next sixteen years. This period saw the beginning of graduate formation for doctors. Second: Building and activities in Moncloa (1896-1902), during six years, while his creator was still alive. He edited the "Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias Médicas") and started the first Spanish school of infirmary (Santa Isabel de Hungría). Thirth: (1902-1939) About thirty-seven years, until the institute dissapears because of the Spanish Civil War. The Instituto de Terapeutica Operatoria was also know as Instituto Rubio or "Clínica de la Moncloa". Many medical specialities were first created (in Spain) in this place: Surgery, Gynaecology, Urology, Otorhinolaryngology, etc. Rubio, as a surgeon, was a pioneer in many interventions: ovary (1860), uterus (1861), upper maxilar ressection (1864), larynx (1870). His personality and legate was the one of a liberal politician, pedagogyst, writer o academy member (RANM). Many doctors got attached to his teachings: E. Gutiérrez, Ariza, Buissen, Martínez Angel, Pulido, Sarabia, Suender, González Bravo, López Durán, Landete, Cervera, Albitos, Botín, etc. Just in place where the "Instituto" was sited, now there is the "Clinica de la Concepción", built in 1955.

  6. Study on the bacterial midgut microbiota associated to different Brazilian populations of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva) (Diptera: Psychodidae).

    PubMed

    Gouveia, Cheryl; Asensi, Marise D; Zahner, Viviane; Rangel, Elizabeth F; Oliveira, Sandra M P de

    2008-01-01

    The bacterial community associated with the midgut of three Brazilian Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva) populations, two from endemic areas for visceral leishmaniasis (Jacobina, Bahia State and São Luís, Maranhão State) and one from a non-endemic area (Lapinha Cave, Minas Gerais State), was identified. Five groups, 35 females each, from each population were separated; a total of 175 females per collecting area were analyzed. The species identification was based on molecular and traditional bacteriological methods. All bacteria were either affiliated to non-Enterobacteriaceae, such as Acinetobacter, Burkholderia, Flavimonas, Pseudomonas and Stenotrophomonas, or and to Enterobacteriaceae, such as Citrobacter, Enterobacter, Escherichia, Klebsiella, Serratia, Pantoea, Morganella and Weeksella. Stenotrophomonas was found to be associated with all three populations studied. In addition, Serratia spp., which are well documented as laboratory contaminant of insects, were detected only in the Jacobina population. We also discuss the impact of the colonization of insect gut by bacteria on the development and transmission of pathogens.

  7. Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) and Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto, 1926) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) geographical distribution and epidemiological importance.

    PubMed

    Andrade Filho, José Dilermando; Galati, Eunice A Bianchi; Falcão, Alda Lima

    2007-06-01

    Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva 1912) and N. neivai (Pinto 1926) are possible vectors of tegumentary leishmaniasis in some regions of Brazil. Further, the latter was until recently, considered a junior synonym of the former. This study has the purpose of updating our knowledge of the geographical distribution of these species, based on specimens deposited at the collection of the Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou-Fiocruz, Faculdade de Saúde Pública-Universidade de São Paulo, and on data presented by literature as also to associate this distribution with the cutaneous leishmaniasis cases reported. It has been reported that N. intermedia occurs in the states of the Northeastern Region, in Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, on the northern coast of São Paulo, in eastern Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, and Goiás, close to the border with Minas Gerais and Bahia. N. neivai occurs in the Southern Region, southern coast and in western São Paulo, southern and western Minas Gerais, southern Goiás, and southern Pará, beyond Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay. It is important to highlight that N. intermedia and N. neivai occur in sympatry in Minas Gerais and São Paulo. N. intermedia or N. neivai are predominant or are captured abundantly in several cutaneous leishmaniasis foci in the Southeastern and Southern regions of Brazil.

  8. Linguistic Activities of the Instituto Caro y Cuervo.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champion, James J.

    The Instituto Caro y Cuervo of Bogota, Colombia, named after two outstanding Colombian intellectuals, was established in 1942 primarily to complete the lexicographic work of Rufino Jose Cuervo. It has continued its work through several reorganizations, and in 1947 was charged with the study of the present state of the Spanish language in various…

  9. New species of Myxosporea from frogs and resurrection of the genus Cystodiscus Lutz, 1889 for species with myxospores in gallbladders of amphibians.

    PubMed

    Hartigan, Ashlie; Fiala, Ivan; Dyková, Iva; Rose, Karrie; Phalen, David N; Šlapeta, Jan

    2012-04-01

    Two new myxosporean species in the gallbladders of frogs have recently spread across eastern Australia and cause disease. Cystodiscus axonis sp. n. and Cystodiscus australis sp. n. are species of Myxosporea (Myxozoa) identified from a range of Australian frogs and tadpoles including the introduced Cane toad (Rhinella marina). The new species are defined by their distinct genetic lineage, myxospore morphology and ultrastructure of the pre-sporogonic development. Spores of both species are produced in the gallbladder. Spores of C. axonis sp. n. possess distinct filiform polar appendages (FPA). The pre-sporogonic development of C. axonis sp. n. is within myelinated axons in the central nervous system of hosts, as well as bile ducts of tadpoles. Pre-sporogonic and sporogonic development of C. australis sp. n. is confined to tadpole bile ducts and myxospores of C. australis sp. n. are devoid of FPA. The genus Cystodiscus Lutz, 1889 introduced for Cystodiscus immersus Lutz, 1889 is emended to accompany myxosporean parasites affecting amphibians previously classified in the genus Myxidium sensu lato. A synopsis of described species within Cystodiscus is provided.

  10. A study of Winston-Lutz test on two different electronic portal imaging devices and with low energy imaging.

    PubMed

    Ravindran, Paul B

    2016-09-01

    Stereotactic radiosurgery requires sub-millimetre accuracy in patient positioning and target localization. Therefore, verification of the linear accelerator (linac) isocentre and the laser alignment to the isocentre is performed in some clinics prior to the treatment using the Winston-Lutz (W-L) test with films and more recently with images obtained using the electronic portal imaging devices (EPID). The W-L test is performed by acquiring EPID images of a radio-opaque ball of 6 mm diameter (the W-L phantom) placed at the isocentre of the linac at various gantry and table angles, with a predefined small square or circular radiation beam. In this study, the W-L test was performed on two linacs having EPIDs of different size and resolution, viz, a TrueBeam™ linac with aS1000 EPID of size 40 × 30 cm(2) with 1024 × 768 pixel resolution and an EDGE™ linac having an EPID of size 43 × 43 cm(2) with pixel resolution of 1280 × 1280. In order to determine the displacement of the radio-opaque ball centre from the radiation beam centre of the W-L test, an in-house MATLAB™ image processing code was developed using morphological operations. The displacement in radiation beam centre at each gantry and couch position was obtained by determining the distance between the radiation field centre and the radio-opaque ball centre for every image. Since the MATLAB code was based on image processing that was dependent on the image contrast and resolution, the W-L test was also compared for images obtained with different beam energies. The W-L tests were performed for 6 and 8 MV beams on the TrueBeam™ linac and for 2.5 and 6 MV beams on the EDGE™ linac with a higher resolution EPID. It was observed that the images obtained with the EPID of higher resolution resulted in same accuracy in the determination of the displacement between the centres of the radio-opaque ball and the radiation beam, and significant difference was not observed with images acquired with

  11. Biology of the first generation of a laboratory colony of Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) and Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto, 1926) (Diptera: Psychodidae).

    PubMed

    Andrade Filho, José Dilermando; Galati, Eunice A Bianchi; Falcão, Alda Lima

    2004-10-01

    The phlebotomine sand flies Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) and Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto, 1926) are very close and may be involved in the transmission of Leishmania spp. Ross, 1903 in Brazil. The biology of the first laboratory-reared generations of these species, descended from insects captured in Além Paraíba (N. intermedia) and Corinto (N. neivai) in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, is described here. The captured females were fed on hamsters and maintained individually in rearing pots. Laboratory temperature and relative humidity were maintained at 25-26 masculineC and 80% respectively. The productivity of the first generation of N. intermedia was greater than that of N. neivai, and its development time clearly shorter, particularly for the second and third larval instars.

  12. [Health profile of Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social workers].

    PubMed

    Velasco-Contreras, María Eugenia

    2013-01-01

    To determine the association between risk factors, dietary habits, physical activity, alcohol and tobacco consumption, in the presence of obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, liver cirrhosis, and cancer, in health care workers (and other categories of employees) of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). From March to December 2009, 20,000 surveys were conducted among randomly selected workers on 35 IMSS delegations. The variables of the study included affiliation, sex, age employment status, registration of known diseases, smoking, nicotine addiction, risk drinking, alcohol addiction, eating and exercise habits. Workers with poor eating habits, sedentary lifestyle smoking and alcohol abuse are more frequently exposed to the presence of obesity, hypertension and diabetes mellitus and these in turn to cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, myocardial infarction, cerebral vascular disease and liver cirrhosis. This study shows that IMSS workers have a high exposure to risk factors associated with the presence of chronic diseases and their complications. It is necessary to enable them to improve significantly their health profile.

  13. The Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência and its Outreach

    PubMed Central

    Leão, Maria João; Godinho, Ana; Fernandes, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    The Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC) is biomedical research institute that acts as a host institution for small research groups, in Portugal. Most of its activities reach out to the scientific community in several ways. The IGC organizes regular series of seminars with invited international speakers, workshops, courses and conferences, and an in-house PhD programme. Specific outreach needs had to be met in the two instances that are described here. GTPB The Gulbenkian Training Programme in Bioinformatics (GTPB) started as a regular activity in 1999 in response to the demand of users seeking opportunities to acquire hands-on practical skills in Bioinformatics in an effective way. Training provision in Bioinformatics requires the conciliation of a variety of interests into a series of highly effective training events, in which scientists can acquire skills and a high degree of independence in their usage. The GTPB programme currently offers more than 30 themes, of which 15 to 20 are chosen for single events in each year. The GTPB has provided training to more than 2000 researchers and students, so far. IGC Outreach A dedicated outreach programme targets science education and public engagement in science, for different audience groups. The aim of the outreach programme is to promote scientific literacy, foster careers in science and empower citizens to engage in cutting-edge biomedical research. Activities include Open Days, seminars and laboratory workshops for teachers, development of online, multimedia and hard-copy resources and experimental protocols to be used in schools, visits to schools with hands-on experiments and career talks by researchers and facility staff. Less conventional outreach activities include direct participation in venues for the general public (such a a music festival, for example) have created unexpected opportunities for fundraising and direct financial support for students engaged in research projects.

  14. Lovesongs and period gene polymorphisms indicate Lutzomyia cruzi (Mangabeira, 1938) as a sibling species of the Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz and Neiva, 1912) complex.

    PubMed

    Vigoder, Felipe M; Araki, Alejandra S; Bauzer, Luiz G S R; Souza, Nataly A; Brazil, Reginaldo P; Peixoto, Alexandre A

    2010-08-01

    The sand fly Lutzomyia cruzi (Mangabeira, 1938) is implicated as a vector of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) in some areas of Brazil. Lutzomyia cruzi is closely related to Lutzomyia longipalpis s.l. (Lutz and Neiva, 1912) the main Latin American vector of AVL and a species complex. Although females of the two species are identical, the males can be distinguished by differences in the genitalia. Nevertheless, pheromone analysis shows that Lu. cruzi males produce 9-methyl-germacrene-B, which has also been found in a number of Latin American populations of Lu. longipalpis s.l. In addition, analysis of microsatellite loci shows that the level of divergence between Lu. cruzi and Lu. longipalpis s.l. is similar to that observed among the Lu. longipalpis s.l. sibling species. Here we present the lovesongs of Lu. cruzi males which are similar to the Burst-type songs produced by one of the Lu. longipalpis s.l. sibling species. We also present data on the molecular polymorphisms of the period gene of Lu. cruzi that indicate this species as another sibling within the Lu. longipalpis complex. The results highlight the importance of an integrative approach to understand the patterns of genetic and phenotypic divergence among very closely related vector species. Copyright 2010. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  15. Characteristics, management and attainment of lipid target levels in diabetic and cardiac patients enrolled in Disease Management Program versus those in routine care: LUTZ registry.

    PubMed

    Bestehorn, Kurt; Jannowitz, Christina; Karmann, Barbara; Pittrow, David; Kirch, Wilhelm

    2009-08-04

    Since 2002 the sick funds in Germany have widely implemented disease management programs (DMPs) for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary heart disease (CHD). Little is known about the characteristics, treatment and target attainment lipid levels of these patients enrolled in DMPs compared to patients in routine care (non-DMP). In an open, non-interventional registry (LUTZ) in Germany, 6551 physicians documented 15,211 patients with DM (10,110 in DMP, 5101 in routine care) and 14,222 (6259 in DMP, 7963 in routine care) over a follow-up period of 4 months. They received the NCEP ATP III guidelines as a reminder on lipid level targets. While demographic characteristics of DMP patients were similar to routine care patients, the former had higher rates of almost all cardiovascular comorbidities. Patients in DMPs received pharmacological treatment (in almost all drug classes) more often than non-DMP patients (e.g. antiplatelets: in DM 27.0% vs 23.8%; in CHD 63.0% vs. 53.6%). The same applied for educational measures (on life style changes and diet etc.). The rate of target level attainment for low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) < 100 mg/dl was somewhat higher in DMP patients at inclusion compared to non-DMP patients (DM: 23.9% vs. 21.3%; CHD: 30.6% vs. 23.8%) and increased after 4 months (DM: 38.3% vs. 36.9%; CHD: 49.8% vs. 43.3%). Individual LDL-C target level attainment rates as assessed by the treating physicians were higher (at 4 months in DM: 59.6% vs. 56.5%; CHD: 49.8% vs 43.3%). Mean blood pressure (BP) and HbA1c values were slightly lowered during follow-up, without substantial differences between DMP and non-DMP patients. Patients with DM, and (to a greater extent) with CHD in DMPs compared to non-DMP patients in routine care have a higher burden of comorbidities, but also receive more intensive pharmacological treatment and educational measures. The present data support that the substantial additional efforts in DMPs aimed at

  16. Characteristics, management and attainment of lipid target levels in diabetic and cardiac patients enrolled in Disease Management Program versus those in routine care: LUTZ registry

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background Since 2002 the sick funds in Germany have widely implemented disease management programs (DMPs) for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary heart disease (CHD). Little is known about the characteristics, treatment and target attainment lipid levels of these patients enrolled in DMPs compared to patients in routine care (non-DMP). Methods In an open, non-interventional registry (LUTZ) in Germany, 6551 physicians documented 15,211 patients with DM (10,110 in DMP, 5101 in routine care) and 14,222 (6259 in DMP, 7963 in routine care) over a follow-up period of 4 months. They received the NCEP ATP III guidelines as a reminder on lipid level targets. Results While demographic characteristics of DMP patients were similar to routine care patients, the former had higher rates of almost all cardiovascular comorbidities. Patients in DMPs received pharmacological treatment (in almost all drug classes) more often than non-DMP patients (e.g. antiplatelets: in DM 27.0% vs 23.8%; in CHD 63.0% vs. 53.6%). The same applied for educational measures (on life style changes and diet etc.). The rate of target level attainment for low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) < 100 mg/dl was somewhat higher in DMP patients at inclusion compared to non-DMP patients (DM: 23.9% vs. 21.3%; CHD: 30.6% vs. 23.8%) and increased after 4 months (DM: 38.3% vs. 36.9%; CHD: 49.8% vs. 43.3%). Individual LDL-C target level attainment rates as assessed by the treating physicians were higher (at 4 months in DM: 59.6% vs. 56.5%; CHD: 49.8% vs 43.3%). Mean blood pressure (BP) and HbA1c values were slightly lowered during follow-up, without substantial differences between DMP and non-DMP patients. Conclusion Patients with DM, and (to a greater extent) with CHD in DMPs compared to non-DMP patients in routine care have a higher burden of comorbidities, but also receive more intensive pharmacological treatment and educational measures. The present data support that the substantial

  17. Enlightenment, Education, and the Republican Project: Chile's "Instituto Nacional" (1810-1830)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baeza Ruz, Andres

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses the establishment of the "Instituto Nacional de Chile" between 1810 and 1830 as a crucial element of a political and cultural project advanced from an enlightened and republican elite. Its early inception in 1813 resulted from the necessity of consolidating a republican order, as shown by the different projects…

  18. [A critical appraisal of an institutional journal: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz].

    PubMed

    de Lemos, A A

    1993-01-01

    The journal Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, founded and maintained over the course of many years for the exclusive publication of research results from one single institution, has undergone changes over the last decade which have resulted in an open journal. Conditions leading to the journal's founding and the excellent role it has played in the dissemination of knowledge produced by the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz are examined. The fact that it has differed from journals published by scientific societies does not diminish its importance. The present option to give this journal an international slant, with possibilities for competing on the foreign market, and which would be facilitated by the preference given to papers written in English, raises some questions about the role of Brazilian specialized journals within the framework of our scientific development.

  19. El mensaje de conservacion de las instalaciones restauradas del Instituto Internacional de Dasonomia Tropical

    Treesearch

    Ariel Lugo; J. Rullan

    2015-01-01

    Durante un periodo de aproximadamente 20 años, el Instituto Internacional de Dasonomía Tropical y sus colaboradores desarrollaron e implementaron un plan de instalaciones que abarcaba tanto las instalaciones nuevas, como las restauradas. Entre las instalaciones restauradas, el edificio histórico de la sede institucional recibió una Certificación Dorada por Liderazgo en...

  20. Instituto de Astrofísica de Madrid: science fiction or top science?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caballero, J. A.

    2015-05-01

    In Spain, there is an Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias in Tenerife, an Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía in Granada and an Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya in Barcelona. However, there is not an Instituto de Astrofísica de Madrid (IAM). Actually, Madrilenian astronomers are spread over a number of institutions of quite different origin, size and funding source. The IAM, if it existed, would be a catalyzer of ideas and collaborations, an international meeting point, an engine for high-technology industry in the region, and an excellence centre. Furthermore, the IAM would maximise the efficiency in the use of resources, offer a place for finding synergies between research groups and, especially, have a critical mass for embarking in very large projects in the ground and space. I will expose how, in a smooth and democratic way, an IAM might be built step by step. The process may take decades and, thus, young Madrilenian astronomers shall play a rôle on it.

  1. Description of the male of Tityus kuryi Lourenço, 1997 and notes about males of Tityus stigmurus (Thorell, 1877) and Tityus serrulatus Lutz & Mello, 1922 (Scorpiones, Buthidae)

    PubMed Central

    dos Santos, Maria Dulcinéia Sales; Porto, Tiago Jordão; Lira-da-Silva, Rejâne Maria; Brazil, Tania Kobler

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The male of Tityus kuryi Lourenço, 1997 is described for the first time. Despite being very similar to the female, the male presents more robust metasomal segments. Additionally, the distribution of the sexual populations of another two species of the T. stigmurus complex is reported herein: T. serrulatus Lutz & Mello, 1922 and T. stigmurus (Thorell, 1877). Males of T. serrulatus were, until now, restricted to the Minas Gerais State (Southwestern region of Brazil), and with new records reported here, its known distribution now encompasses the Northeastern region of Brazil. Males of T. stigmurus were previously recorded only for two municipalities in the State of Bahia, and here we present eight new records for Bahia State and one for Pernambuco State. We present a key to related species of the T. stigmurus complex based on morphology and coloration pattern. PMID:25152686

  2. Reminiscence of My Time in Manuel's Group at the Instituto Pluridisciplinar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wierschem, A.

    I joined Manuel's group at the Instituto Pluridisciplinar (IP) in April 1994. The year before, Manuel had been one of its cofounders at Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM). Although up to then I had not worked in fluid dynamics, he accepted me under the condition to build up a lab from scratch to carry out experiments on convection. I agreed enthusiastically, yet not every Ph.D. student has the opportunity to carry out his research in a new lab—and on top of this, a lab one has a lot of freedom to design.

  3. [Seventy years of medicine in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Fajardo-Ortiz, Guillermo

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of these lines is to remember and refer some of the historical landmarks in the evolution of the medical services of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS, according to its initials in Spanish) since it was founded, in 1943. We also want to bring to the reader's attention that the dimensions and impacts on health that IMSS has achieved, throughout its history, have strengthened the citizenship, as well as social sustainability. Also, those impacts have determined the creation and the reinforcement of human capital in México. Throughout this concise balance, all the controversy surrounding the foundation of the Institute is being recalled (the protest in the Mexico City Zócalo, or the attack to an hospital in San Ángel -a neighborhood located in the Southwest of Mexico City-), as well as the way the IMSS incorporated several words into the vocabulary of Mexicans. We also remember the previous antecedent of the Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, as well as the Revista de Enfermería, and the emblematic Archives of Medical Research. The IMSS has 70 years of achievements, seven decades covered.

  4. Overview of some biomedical research projects in tropical medicine conducted at the Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas.

    PubMed

    Romano, E; Cesari, I; Escalante, A; Liprandi, F; O'Daly, J A; Perez, H; Takiff, H

    2000-01-01

    The Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC) is a government-funded multidisciplinary academic institution dedicated to research, development and technology in many areas of knowledge. Biomedical projects and publications comprise about 40% of the total at IVIC. In this article, we present an overview of some selected research and development projects conducted at IVIC which we believe contain new and important aspects related to malaria, ancylostomiasis, dengue fever, leishmaniasis and tuberculosis. Other projects considered of interest in the general area of tropical medicine are briefly described. This article was prepared as a small contribution to honor and commemorate the centenary of the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.

  5. Catalogue of the type material of Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae) deposited in the Instituto Evandro Chagas, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Dos Santos, Thiago Vasconcelos; Pinheiro, Maria Sueli Barros; de Andrade, Andrey José

    2014-01-01

    The available type material of Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae) deposited in the "Coleção de Flebotomíneos" of the Instituto Evandro Chagas (ColFleb IEC) is now presented in an annotated catalogue comprising a total of 121 type specimens belonging to 12 species as follow: Nyssomyia richardwardi (2 female paratypes), Nyssomyia shawi (9 male and 25 female paratypes), Nyssomyia umbratilis (female holotype and 1 female paratype), Nyssomyia yuilli yuilli (1 male and 1 female paratypes), Pintomyia gruta (1 male and 2 female paratypes), Psychodopygus lainsoni (2 male syntypes), Psychodopygus leonidasdeanei (male holotype, female "allotype" and 45 female paratypes), Psychodopygus llanosmartinsi (2 female paratypes), Psychodopygus wellcomei (1 male and 4 female "syntypes"), Trichophoromyia readyi (male holotype, female "allotype" and 1 male paratype), Trichophoromyia adelsonsouzai (male holotype, 13 male 5 female paratypes), and Trichophoromyia brachipyga (1 male paratype).

  6. [Historical notes about scientific research in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social.

    PubMed

    Zárate, Arturo; Basurto-Acevedo, Lourdes

    2013-01-01

    Medical research in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social has been considered one of the most important in this country for quality and quantity. Thanks to the work and leadership of Benito Coquet, who initiated the building of the National Medical Center in 1961, and the work of two pillars of research, Luis Castelazo and Bernardo Sepúlveda, the Institute successfully improved scientific research. In the years that followed, the Institute fostered the professionalization of research, the creation of research units in different areas of science, the incorporation of consolidated groups of researchers, the relationship with other institutions, the incorporation to the Sistema Nacional de Investigadores, the editing of a journal to expose outside the work done within the Institute, and the formation of a trust to raise funds for financing. Thanks to all that, institutional research strengthened in all lines, and it was placed first, at certain times, at the national level.

  7. Innovations in graduate public health education: the Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.

    PubMed

    Valladares, Laura Magaña; Ávila, Mauricio Hernández

    2015-03-01

    During the past 10 years, the Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (National Institute of Public Health) in Mexico has meticulously revised its educational model. This analysis resulted in the transformation of its educational model by tracing a new path in the pedagogical structure and faculty development to meet current challenges and students' needs. The first stage dealt with the national and international accreditation standards that came with the 21st century. The second stage responded to evidence of cognitive research showing that students are better prepared when they are engaged, active, and responsible for their own learning. This transformation was grounded on the use of information and communication technologies and on a competency-based educational approach that has led the expansion and innovation of educational practice.

  8. [Use of evidence in heath policies and programs contributions of the instituto nacional de salud].

    PubMed

    Gutierrez, Ericson L; Piazza, Marina; Gutierrez-Aguado, Alfonso; Hijar, Gisely; Carmona, Gloria; Caballero, Patricia; Reyes, Nora; Canelo, Carlos; Aparco, Juan Pablo; Tejada, Romina A; Bolaños-Díaz, Rafael; Saravia, Silvia; Gozzer, Ernesto

    2016-01-01

    This article analyzes some examples about how the Ministry of Health of Peru has used evidence for policy and program formulation, implementation and evaluation. It describes the process by which health budget programs are based and strengthened with scientific evidence. Provides an overview about how the development of clinical guidelines methodology is facilitating the generation of high quality evidence based clinical guidelines.It presents some examples of specific information needs of the Ministry of Health to which the Instituto Nacional de Salud has responded, and the impact of that collaboration. Finally, the article proposes future directions for the use of research methodology especially relevant for the development and evaluation of policy and programs, as well as the development of networks of health technology assessment at the national and international level.

  9. [Diabetes mortality in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, 1990-2005].

    PubMed

    Fernández-Cantón, Sonia

    2010-01-01

    Diabetes is major contributor to the mortality in the Mexican population and particularly in the population insured by social security institutions like The Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Mortality rates have duplicated from 1990 to 2005 period and in some regions the increment has been even higher and faster. Men not insured by IMSS present the lowest mortality rates. Mortality by chronic diseases is no longer a problem of affluent regions since Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero, the poorest states in the country, have higher rates of increment than the northern and more developed regions. The different interventions employed by the health institutions should impact mortality rates in both the magnitude and velocity of increment especially in those regions where growth of mortality have been higher.

  10. [Mortality from the HIV/AIDS in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Vázquez-Martínez, José Luis; Mercadillo-Pérez, María Guadalupe; Celis-Quintal, Juan Germán

    2011-01-01

    Mortality is an indicator that allow us to evaluate HIV infection control programs. From the middle of the last decade, mortality presents a tendency to decrease in the population covered by the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social). In relation to gender and age group the most affected are men between 25 to 44 years of age with mortality rates ranging from 30 to 12 by 100,000 men (1995 to 2009 respectively). In 2009, at least half of the Delegaciones (administrative units by State) present larger mortality rates than the institutional average, particularly Campeche with 14.9 by 100,000 men. It is clear that introduction of control measures against the disease from infected people represents a modification in the course of the illness in the population covered by IMSS.

  11. Catalogue of the type material of Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae) deposited in the Instituto Evandro Chagas, Brazil

    PubMed Central

    dos Santos, Thiago Vasconcelos; Pinheiro, Maria Sueli Barros; de Andrade, Andrey José

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The available type material of Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae) deposited in the “Coleção de Flebotomíneos” of the Instituto Evandro Chagas (ColFleb IEC) is now presented in an annotated catalogue comprising a total of 121 type specimens belonging to 12 species as follow: Nyssomyia richardwardi (2 female paratypes), Nyssomyia shawi (9 male and 25 female paratypes), Nyssomyia umbratilis (female holotype and 1 female paratype), Nyssomyia yuilli yuilli (1 male and 1 female paratypes), Pintomyia gruta (1 male and 2 female paratypes), Psychodopygus lainsoni (2 male syntypes), Psychodopygus leonidasdeanei (male holotype, female “allotype” and 45 female paratypes), Psychodopygus llanosmartinsi (2 female paratypes), Psychodopygus wellcomei (1 male and 4 female “syntypes”), Trichophoromyia readyi (male holotype, female “allotype” and 1 male paratype), Trichophoromyia adelsonsouzai (male holotype, 13 male 5 female paratypes), and Trichophoromyia brachipyga (1 male paratype). PMID:24715786

  12. Innovations in Graduate Public Health Education: The Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública

    PubMed Central

    Ávila, Mauricio Hernández

    2015-01-01

    During the past 10 years, the Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (National Institute of Public Health) in Mexico has meticulously revised its educational model. This analysis resulted in the transformation of its educational model by tracing a new path in the pedagogical structure and faculty development to meet current challenges and students’ needs. The first stage dealt with the national and international accreditation standards that came with the 21st century. The second stage responded to evidence of cognitive research showing that students are better prepared when they are engaged, active, and responsible for their own learning. This transformation was grounded on the use of information and communication technologies and on a competency-based educational approach that has led the expansion and innovation of educational practice. PMID:25706028

  13. [Strengths and future of the Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Fajardo-Dolci, Germán

    2014-01-01

    The journals of medicine arose as a communication tool more than 200 years ago. At the beginning, their nature was local; later, their aim was to spread medical information along the nation; and, finally, they sought to reach the world distribution. The Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social was published for the first time 52 years ago, and it has walked its way from local to international distribution. This journal has 23 000 subscribers, it is included in Medline and it reached a 0.112 SCImago Journal Rank in 2012. Its website receives around 200 000 visits monthly and 45 % are foreign visits. In the future, the peer review system is going to be strengthened, and the journal is going to offer audio, video, and applications to reinforce interactive participation between authors, readers in order to reach modernity and draw young new attention.

  14. Observations with the Real Instituto y Observatorio de la Armada CCD transit circle in Argentina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muiños, J. I.; Belizón, F.; Vallejo, M.; Mallamaci, C.; Pérez, J. A.

    The Real Instituto y Observatorio de la Armada (ROA) meridian circle was moved to the Estación de Altura Carlos Ulrrico Cesco in the República Argentina in 1996. Until November 1999 the observations were carried out with a moving slit micrometer. In spring 2001 the result of these observations has been published, forming the first Hispano-Argentinian Meridian Catalogue (HAMC). In December 1999 was installed a SpectraSource CCD camera of 1552×1024 pixels of 9 μ. The CCD camera observes in drift scan mode. A survey of the southern hemisphere is being observed from +3° to -60° of declination. In this contribution is presented a description of the telescope and the automatic control system, the results of observations carried out with the slit micrometer, and the observational and preliminary reduction techniques with the CCD camera, the present state of the southern hemisphere survey and the future possibilities.

  15. Ambient Dose Equivalent measured at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia Department of Nuclear Medicine

    SciTech Connect

    Avila, O.; Torres-Ulloa, C. L.; Medina, L. A.; Trujillo-Zamudio, F. E.; Gamboa de Buen, I.; Buenfil, A. E.; Brandan, M. E.

    2010-12-07

    Ambient dose equivalent values were determined in several sites at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Departmento de Medicina Nuclear, using TLD-100 and TLD-900 thermoluminescent dosemeters. Additionally, ambient dose equivalent was measured at a corridor outside the hospitalization room for patients treated with {sup 137}Cs brachytherapy. Dosemeter calibration was performed at the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Laboratorio de Metrologia, to known {sup 137}Cs gamma radiation air kerma. Radionuclides considered for this study are {sup 131}I, {sup 18}F, {sup 67}Ga, {sup 99m}Tc, {sup 111}In, {sup 201}Tl and {sup 137}Cs, with main gamma energies between 93 and 662 keV. Dosemeters were placed during a five month period in the nuclear medicine rooms (containing gamma-cameras), injection corridor, patient waiting areas, PET/CT study room, hot lab, waste storage room and corridors next to the hospitalization rooms for patients treated with {sup 131}I and {sup 137}Cs. High dose values were found at the waste storage room, outside corridor of {sup 137}Cs brachytherapy patients and PET/CT area. Ambient dose equivalent rate obtained for the {sup 137}Cs brachytherapy corridor is equal to (18.51{+-}0.02)x10{sup -3} mSv/h. Sites with minimum doses are the gamma camera rooms, having ambient dose equivalent rates equal to (0.05{+-}0.03)x10{sup -3} mSv/h. Recommendations have been given to the Department authorities so that further actions are taken to reduce doses at high dose sites in order to comply with the ALARA principle (as low as reasonably achievable).

  16. [Sociodemographic and clinical characteristic of the population attended in the Instituto Teletón de Santiago].

    PubMed

    García P, Daniela; San Martín P, Pamela

    2015-01-01

    The Institutos Teletón care for 85% of the Chilean child population with neuromusculoskeletal disability, the large percentage concentrating in this population. However, there are no registers that enable a profile to be determined on this population. To determine the profile of patients attending the Instituto Teletón de Santiago during the year 2012. The sociodemographic characteristics were analyzed from the computerised records of the Instituto Teletón de Santiago on active patients who were seen during the year 2012. A total of 8,959 patients were seen during the study year in the Instituto Teletón de Santiago. As regards socioeconomic level, 33.3% were in extreme poverty, 28.7% to low-middle level. The main clinical diagnoses were cerebral palsy and other encephalopathies that also lead to motor disability, and accounted for 55.4% of the cases. As a result of determining this profile, it would be appropriate to encourage the need for a national register of the child population with disability, as well as their particular characteristics in order to make decisions on public policy, as a destination for funds or support programs. Copyright © 2015. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U.

  17. Volcano Monitoring in Ecuador: Three Decades of Continuous Progress of the Instituto Geofisico - Escuela Politecnica Nacional

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruiz, M. C.; Yepes, H. A.; Hall, M. L.; Mothes, P. A.; Ramon, P.; Hidalgo, S.; Andrade, D.; Vallejo Vargas, S.; Steele, A. L.; Anzieta, J. C.; Ortiz, H. D.; Palacios, P.; Alvarado, A. P.; Enriquez, W.; Vasconez, F.; Vaca, M.; Arrais, S.; Viracucha, G.; Bernard, B.

    2014-12-01

    In 1988, the Instituto Geofisico (IG) began a permanent surveillance of Ecuadorian volcanoes, and due to activity on Guagua Pichincha, SP seismic stations and EDM control lines were then installed. Later, with the UNDRO and OAS projects, telemetered seismic monitoring was expanded to Tungurahua, Cotopaxi, Cuicocha, Chimborazo, Antisana, Cayambe, Cerro Negro, and Quilotoa volcanoes. In 1992 an agreement with the Instituto Ecuatoriano de Electrificacion strengthened the monitoring of Tungurahua and Cotopaxi volcanoes with real-time SP seismic networks and EDM lines. Thus, background activity levels became established, which was helpful because of the onset of the 1999 eruptive activity at Tungurahua and Guagua Pichincha. These eruptions had a notable impact on Baños and Quito. Unrest at Cotopaxi volcano was detected in 2001-2002, but waned. In 2002 Reventador began its eruptive period which continues to the present and is closely monitored by the IG. In 2006 permanent seismic BB stations and infrasound sensors were installed at Tungurahua and Cotopaxi under a cooperative program supported by JICA, which allowed us to follow Tungurahua's climatic eruptions of 2006 and subsequent eruptions up to the present. Programs supported by the Ecuadorian Secretaria Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia and the Secretaria Nacional de Planificacion resulted in further expansion of the IG's monitoring infrastructure. Thermal and video imagery, SO2 emission monitoring, geochemical analyses, continuous GPS and tiltmeters, and micro-barometric surveillance have been incorporated. Sangay, Soche, Ninahuilca, Pululahua, and Fernandina, Cerro Azul, Sierra Negra, and Alcedo in the Galapagos Islands are now monitored in real-time. During this time, international cooperation with universities (Blaise Pascal & Nice-France, U. North Carolina, New Mexico Tech, Uppsala-Sweden, Nagoya, etc.), and research centers (USGS & UNAVCO-USA, IRD-France, NIED-Japan, SGC-Colombia, VAAC, MIROVA) has introduced

  18. Clinical experience with electroconvulsive therapy at the Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatría.

    PubMed

    Sánchez de Carmona Luna Y Parra, M; Páez Agraz, F; Nicolini Sánchez, H

    1996-01-01

    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a useful option for the treatment of certain psychiatric illnesses. Its efficacy and few side effects make it an important therapeutic alternative in the management of the patient with major depression. This study describes the clinical experience with ECT at the Instituto Mexicano de Psiquiatría. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical records of patients treated with ECT during the period of April 1990 to June 1994. A total of 55 patients were included in the analysis, the mean age was 42.4 +/- 17.2 years old. Diagnostic categories treated were major depression (43.6%), non-affective psychotic disorders (30.9%), mania (12.7%) and other diagnoses (12.7%). A positive response to ECT was found in 74.5% of patients. Subjects with major depression and mania responded significantly better than the rest of the patients (p < 0.01). Psychotic depression was not a predictor of better response. Only 18.1% of subjects had minor complications, all transitory. ECT is a highly effective therapeutic option in the treatment of psychiatric illness, especially in major depression and mania. The use of ECT in a tertiary psychiatric unit in Mexico reflects similar results as described in the international literature.

  19. [Frequency of congenital anomalies at the Instituto Materno Infantil, Bogota, Colombia].

    PubMed

    García, Herbert; Salguero, Gustavo Andrés; Moreno, Jeffer; Arteaga, Clara; Giraldo, Alejandro

    2003-06-01

    At the Instituto Materno Infantil (IMI) in Bogotá (Colombia), 5,686 births (5,597 live births and 89 stillbirths) were analyzed during two periods: from October, 1997, to April, 1998, and from July to November, 2000 (12 months). Congenital anomalies were detected in 4.4% of live newborn babies and in 7.8% of stillbirths. Major anomalies corresponded to 69% and mild anomalies to 31% (3% and 1.4% of all live births, respectively). The newborn babies with major anomalies, in comparison to the normal controls, had higher mortality at hospital discharge (p = 0.0001), lower average birth weight (p = 0.003), and family history of congenital anomalies (p = 0.0001). The only significant association for mild anomalies was with family history of congenital anomalies (p = 0.0001). The frequency of congenital anomalies was similar to that in other studies, although certain kinds of anomalies showed noticeable frequency differences. This may be a consequence of differences in record keeping or in detection methods.

  20. DIGITAL CLINICAL DATA: A Contribution of Instituto Traumatologico de Santiago de Chile to Hospital Management

    PubMed Central

    Reyes, Mario; Molina, Mario

    2012-01-01

    Instituto Traumatológico developed an innovative project to gather clinical data in a digital format, thus generating the information necessary to make decisions. The ultimate goal of the project is to provide our patients with the best attention possible. The impact of incorporating health care informatics to a hospital’s daily routine is profound, especially when those who are in charge of change have not learned about this topic or encouraged their students to incorporate new technologies to their work. The results of this project become even more significant when it is implemented in Latin American public hospitals, where the resources invested in technology are scarce. The success of this project could be considered a case of study for the region and the country. Although many efforts and resources have been invested in systematizing information, few cases have shown positive results. This project started with the systematization of the process of attention at the Emergency Department and the adaptation of the Emergency Information System. Once the implementation of this system was over, the project was applied to install the Polyclinic Information System, and Hospitalization Information Systems. The Electronic Health Record includes interfaces for specialties such as upper limbs, spine, hips and lower limbs, which makes it easier for specialists to handle the required information. The large amount of recollected data has been translated into statistic charts and indicators, which support the administration processes that take place in intermediate and superior areas of the Institute. PMID:24199116

  1. DIGITAL CLINICAL DATA: A Contribution of Instituto Traumatologico de Santiago de Chile to Hospital Management.

    PubMed

    Reyes, Mario; Molina, Mario

    2012-01-01

    Instituto Traumatológico developed an innovative project to gather clinical data in a digital format, thus generating the information necessary to make decisions. The ultimate goal of the project is to provide our patients with the best attention possible. The impact of incorporating health care informatics to a hospital's daily routine is profound, especially when those who are in charge of change have not learned about this topic or encouraged their students to incorporate new technologies to their work. The results of this project become even more significant when it is implemented in Latin American public hospitals, where the resources invested in technology are scarce. The success of this project could be considered a case of study for the region and the country. Although many efforts and resources have been invested in systematizing information, few cases have shown positive results. This project started with the systematization of the process of attention at the Emergency Department and the adaptation of the Emergency Information System. Once the implementation of this system was over, the project was applied to install the Polyclinic Information System, and Hospitalization Information Systems. The Electronic Health Record includes interfaces for specialties such as upper limbs, spine, hips and lower limbs, which makes it easier for specialists to handle the required information. The large amount of recollected data has been translated into statistic charts and indicators, which support the administration processes that take place in intermediate and superior areas of the Institute.

  2. [Indications and justification of cesarean sections at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Velasco-Murillo, V; Navarrete-Hernández, E; Pozos-Cavanzo, J; Ojeda-Mijares, R T; Cárdenas-Lara, C; Cardona-Pérez, J A

    2000-01-01

    In view of the high frequency rates of cesarean section at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), we carried out a study to know main causes and its justification. Retrospective study in a randomized national sample of clinical records in 3,232 cesarean cases between June 1997 and June 1999. The most frequent indications were cephalopelvic disproportion (29.6%), one previous section (20.9%), acute fetal distress (14.1%), iterative section (11.9%), and premature rupture of amniotic membranes (10.7%). In cephalopelvic disproportion cases, mean weight of newborns was 3,430 g., 70.6% of patients had irregular uterine contractility, and 21.7% received oxytocin; 78.2% had integrity of membranes and 4 cm or less in cervical dilation. In previous section and cephalopelvic disproportion the mean weight of newborns was 3,425 g; 81.7% did not have regular contractility and, 4.8 received oxytocin. In sections due to acute fetal distress, 94.9% had an Apgar in 8 or more at 5 minutes after delivery. The cesarean indications at the IMSS were similar to those are informed most to date in Mexico and throughout the world, but we did not find justification most of cases in this study.

  3. [Perspective on type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Gil-Velázquez, Luisa Estela; Sil-Acosta, María Juana; Aguilar-Sánchez, Leticia; Echevarria-Zuno, Santiago; Michaus-Romero, Francisco; Torres-Arreola, Laura del Pilar

    2013-01-01

    The Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social--always sensitive to the needs of health of the beneficiary population and to the demographic and epidemiological changes of the society--has developed and implemented DiabetlMSS, a program of attention to the diabetic patient. DiabetlMSS organizes care processes based on the needs and values of the patients, through simultaneous activities of individual consultation and group meetings granted by the multidisciplinary health team. These actions and activities are focused to affect patients' lifestyles positively. Through a plan of nutrition, physical activity, self-care and monitoring, this program increases the interaction between patients, by having an exchange of successful experiences about diabetes control. DiabetlMSS was created with the purpose that the patients achieve the metabolic control and identify complications early on, with the perspective of timely intervention that is reflected in the decrease of the catastrophic effects that causes the disease, both for patient's life expectancy and the quality of care provided by the Institute.

  4. [Perception of undergraduate medical students of the educational environment at Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Morales-Gómez, Antonio; Medina-Figueroa, Alda María

    2007-01-01

    To ascertain the perception of third and fourth year medical students and interns (fifth year) about the educational environment during the clinical education phase and during the internship at Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). A questionnaire with 120 items was developed to evaluate whether IMSS educational environment encourages reflection and criticism among medical students and interns. The highest possible score of the questionnaire was 240 points. A t test was used to compare the score of the students who were classified according to the term in which they were enrolled. 1997 medical students and 1075 interns from 46 IMSS clinical settings answered the previously validated questionnaire. Seventy percent of the students considered that the educational environment was not very favorable for reflection and criticism; 19% perceived it as favorable and 11% as unfavorable. The median score of third and fourth year medical students, was 134.9 (range 80-193; p = 0.27), interns' score was 130.4 (range 80-208; p = 0.001). The perception of the medical students in clinical settings other than Mexico City was less unfavourable (median 132.8; range 63.5-208); p = 0.003). apparently, the occupational environment influences the educational environments where the courses take place. As long as the students advance in their courses and get involved in clinical practice, their perception of the educational environment becomes unfavorable.

  5. [Incidence and trends of neuroblastoma in Mexican children attending at Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Palma-Padilla, Virginia; Juárez-Ocaña, Servando; González-Miranda, Guadalupe; Siordia-Reyes, Alicia Georgina; Mejía-Aranguré, Juan Manuel; Carreón-Cruz, Rogelio; Fajardo-Gutiérrez, Arturo

    2010-01-01

    Neuroblastoma (NB) is the principal tumor of the sympathetic nervous system in children. to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of Mexican children with NB. A population-based, prolective study, with data obtained from the Childhood Cancer Registry of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. The frequencies and incidence of the variables of the study were obtained by age and sex. The trend was calculated with the annual percentage of change. Of a total of 2758 children with cancer, 72 (2.6%) were identified in the Group IV, according to the International Classification of Childhood Cancer. The average incidence for NB was 3.8, the highest incidence was found in Guerrero. NB was highest in the group under one year of age (18.5). The male/female ratio was 1.1 and there was no trend toward an increase. Stages III and IV were presented in 88% of the cases. There was no association between the stages, the age at the TD, or the histological pattern. It is possible that the low incidence of NB in Mexican children is due to the difficulty in early diagnosis due the majority of the cases was diagnosed in the advanced stages.

  6. [Obstetrical hemorrhage as a maternal death cause in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social during 2011].

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Rosas, Roberto A; del Rocío Cruz-Cruz, Polita; del Pilar Torres-Arreola, Laura

    2012-01-01

    to describe the clinical data associated to maternal deaths due to fetomaternal bleeding. we analyzed 32 of 135 cases of maternal deaths that occurred in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) during 2011. The main inclusion feature was the presence of severe hemorrhage during pregnancy, childbirth or puerperium. obstetric hemorrhage as the underlying cause of maternal death was presented in 65.6 % and in 34.4 % severe obstetric hemorrhage occurred due to different underlying cause of maternal death. The age group with the highest maternal deaths by massive bleeding was the group of 30 to 39 years. The resolution of the pregnancy was by cesarean in most cases. The cases of placenta accrete and uterine atony were others maternal death causes. the massive bleeding during pregnancy, birth and/or postpartum continues as the second leading cause of maternal mortality in the IMSS. It is necessary to continue training for improving (the performance) in the management of the pregnancy woman with hemorrhage.

  7. [Experience in training in emergencies, Division of Special Projects in Health, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Cruz-Vega, Felipe; Loría-Castellanos, Jorge; Hernández-Olivas, Irma Patricia; Franco-Bey, Rubén; Ochoa-Avila, César; Sánchez-Badillo, Victoria

    2016-01-01

    There has been interest in the Division of Special Projects in Health to offer the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social personnel resources for training and quality thereby respond to potential contingencies. Presented here is their experience in this field. To describe and analyse the productivity in different training programs in emergencies and disasters developed by the Division of Special Projects in Health, Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS). Observational study in which different training activities conducted by the Division of Special Projects in Health between 1989 and 2014 are described. Descriptive statistics were used. In these 25 years have trained 20,674 participants; 19.451 IMSS and 1,223 other health institutions. The most productive courses were life support (BLS/ACLS) (47.17%), distance courses "Hospital medical evacuation plans and units" (14.17%), the workshop-run "Evacuation of hospital units with an emphasis on critical areas" (5.93%) and course "Programme Evaluators of Hospital Insurance" (8.43%). Although the Special Projects Division Health has primarily operational functions, it nevertheless has neglected its responsibility to maintain constantly trained and updated institute staff that every day is in a position to face any type of emergency and disaster. This increases the chance that the answer to any contingency is more organised and of higher quality, always to the benefit of the population. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  8. Profile of patients with Baggio-Yoshinari Syndrome admitted at "Instituto de Infectologia Emilio Ribas".

    PubMed

    Gouveia, Emy Akiyama; Alves, Mayra Fernanda; Mantovani, Elenice; Oyafuso, Luiza Keiko; Bonoldi, Virgínia Lucia Nazario; Yoshinari, Natalino Hajime

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and laboratorial profile of patients with Baggio-Yoshinari Syndrome (BYS), who underwent internment at the Instituto de Infectologia Emilio Ribas in São Paulo, Brazil, during the period from July 1990 to July 2006. BYS is a new Brazilian tick-borne disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato microorganisms that resembles features of Lyme disease (LD), except for its epidemiological, clinical and laboratorial particularities. From 60 patients' records with positive serology to B. burgdorferi done by ELISA and Western-blotting methods, 19 cases were diagnosed as having BYS, according to criteria adopted at LIM-17 HCFMUSP, the Brazilian Reference Laboratory for the research of BYS. The other 41 remaining patients displayed miscellaneous infections or auto-immune processes. The beginning of symptoms in BYS group varied from one day to six years, from the onset of the disease. Four of 19 patients were included in acute disease stage, and 15 in latent. General unspecific symptoms were identified in almost all cases, with high frequencies of fever (78.9%) and lymphadenomegaly (36.8%). Six patients had skin lesions (31.5%); six arthralgia or arthritis (31.5%) and eight neurological symptoms (42%). Interestingly, two patients showed antibodies directed to B. burgdorferi exclusively in cerebrospinal fluid. Since BYS is a new emergent Brazilian zoonosis and its diagnosis is sometimes complex, all the new knowledge about BYS must be scattered to Brazilian Medical specialists, aiming to teach them how to diagnose this amazing tick-borne disease and to avoid its progression to chronic irreversible sequels.

  9. [Current status of alternative therapies renal function at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Méndez-Durán, Antonio; Ignorosa-Luna, Manuel Humberto; Pérez-Aguilar, Gilberto; Rivera-Rodríguez, Francisco Jesús; González-Izquierdo, José Jesús; Dávila-Torres, Javier

    2016-01-01

    Introducción: el IMSS realiza de manera sistemática la actualización de datos de los pacientes en terapias sustitutivas de la función renal (TSFR) mediante un registro electrónico denominado: Censo de administración de pacientes con Insuficiencia Renal Crónica (CIRC), cuyo objetivo es conocer la prevalencia de pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica y el comportamiento de las TSFR en el IMSS. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo, incluye 212 hospitales de segundo nivel con programas de diálisis, pacientes pediátricos y adultos. Datos obtenidos del CIRC de enero a diciembre de 2014, cédulas numeral y nominal de diálisis peritoneal (DP) y hemodiálisis (HD). Se identifica prevalencia de pacientes y terapias por delegación, distribución por género y edad, causa de la enfermedad renal, la morbilidad y mortalidad. Resultados: 55 101 pacientes, de los cuales fueron 29 924 masculinos (54 %) y 25 177 femeninos (46 %); edad promedio 62.1 años (rng: 4 a 90); pensionados 20 387 (36.9 %). Las causas de la insuficiencia renal fueron: diabetes 29 054 (52.7 %), hipertensión arterial 18 975 (34.4%), glomerulopatías crónicas 3951 (7.2 %), riñones poliquísticos 1142 (2.1 %), congénitos 875 (1.6 %), y otras 1104 (2 %). La HD se otorgó en 41 % de los pacientes y la DP al 59 % restante; el costo anual fue de 5 608 290 622 pesos. Conclusiones: la prevalencia incrementada de diabetes mellitus e hipertensión arterial repercuten en el inicio de una TSFR, las cuales muestran un panorama financiero catastrófico para el Instituto.

  10. [Rapid Response obstetrics Team at Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social,enabling factors].

    PubMed

    Dávila-Torres, Javier; González-Izquierdo, José de Jesús; Ruíz-Rosas, Roberto Aguli; Cruz-Cruz, Polita Del Rocío; Hernández-Valencia, Marcelino

    2015-01-01

    There are barriers and enablers for the implementation of Rapid Response Teams in obstetric hospitals. The enabling factors were determined at Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, retrospective study was conducted by analysing the emergency obstetric reports sent by mobile technology and e-mail to the Medical Care Unit of the IMSS in 2013. Frequency and mean was obtained using the Excel 2010 program for descriptive statistics. A total of 164,250 emergency obstetric cases were reported, and there was a mean of 425 messages per day, of which 32.2% were true obstetric emergencies and required the Rapid Response team. By e-mail, there were 73,452 life threatening cases (a mean of 6 cases per day). A monthly simulation was performed in hospitals (480 in total). Enabling factors were messagés synchronisation among the participating personnel,the accurate record of the obstetrics, as well as the simulations performed by the operational staff. The most common emergency was pre-eclampsia-eclampsia with 3,351 reports, followed by obstetric haemorrhage with 2,982 cases. The enabling factors for the implementation of a rapid response team at IMSS were properly timed communication between the central delegation teams, as they allowed faster medical and administrative management and participation of hospital medical teams in the process. Mobile technology has increased the speed of medical and administrative management in emergency obstetric care. However, comparative studies are needed to determine the statistical significance. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A.

  11. Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas: past and present.

    PubMed

    Pinillos, L

    1990-01-01

    The Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas was established by the government of Peru as an institution for the treatment of cancer patients in 1939; it has existed under different names until the current title was adopted in 1952. Between 1980 and 1987, attendance increased by 70% and a new and larger facility came into use at the beginning of 1988. This institution has national responsibility for cancer prevention, detection, treatment, education, and research and is currently organizing satellite treatment centers in other parts of the country. More than 80% of the medical staff has been trained in the institute's residency program, the majority of whom received additional postgraduate training in the United States and Europe; 90% of the medical staff hold academic appointments in medical schools. In 1952 the Institute became the first hospital in Peru with a formal postgraduate training system for various medical disciplines, including surgical oncology and medical oncology. So far we have trained about 500 surgical oncologists who are working in all parts of Peru. The Maes-Heller Institute for Cancer Research forms part of the National Cancer Institute complex. Research will be directed mainly toward new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, multidisciplinary tumor therapy, and large-scale cancer screening. The Institute focuses on early detection and prevention of cancer and is active in breast self-examination education and antismoking campaigns. It enjoys community support evidenced in the women's organization, Adainen, involved in fundraising; 460 women volunteers give at least 4 hr service per week to the Institute. The Institute has grown from 9,000 patients seen per year in its early days to 215,000 attendances in 1986.

  12. [Economic analysis of dalteparin use in knee surgery at Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Arreola-Ornelas, Héctor; Rosado-Buzzo, Alfonso; García-Mollinedo, Lourdes; Dorantes Aguilar, Javier; Muciño-Ortega, Emilio; Mould-Quevedo, Joaquín Federico

    2012-01-01

    Knee surgery is a risk factor for thromboembolic disease. Prophylaxis reduces the risk of this condition. Economic and health consequences of drugs preventing and treating thromboembolic disease in patients undergoing knee surgery from the institutional perspective (time horizon: 1 year) were estimated. The measures of effectiveness were: reduction in the number of cases (per 1,000 patients) of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, hospital admissions and deaths. Transition probabilities were estimated by meta-analysis. The alternatives were: warfarin (reference), dalteparin, enoxaparin, nadroparin, unfractionated heparin + warfarin, and non-prophylaxis. Data on resources use and costs corresponds to the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Acceptability curves were constructed. No prophylaxis implied three times higher cost ($18,835.10 versus $5,967.10) and less effectiveness in comparison with warfarin. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios for enoxaparin were $3, $13, $17 and $3 per each additional case of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, death and hospital admission avoided. Results of nadroparin and unfractionated heparin were inferior to warfarin (59.1% and 72.9% more costly and less effective in three measures of effectiveness, respectively). Dalteparin showed higher health outcomes and lower cost compared with warfarin (-20.6%). Dalteparin had a higher probability of being cost-effective than enoxaparin. thromboprophylaxis is a clinically and economically favorable alternative. The identification of a pharmacoeconomic profile of alternatives to perform it becomes relevant given the increasing pressure on institutional budgets. Dalteparin would be a cost-saving alternative in thromboprophylaxis of patients undergoing knee surgery at IMSS.

  13. Is automated platelet counting still a problem in thrombocytopenic blood?

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Raimundo Antônio Gomes; Takadachi, Maria Mariko; Nonoyama, Kimiyo; Barretto, Orlando César de Oliveira

    2003-01-02

    Reliable platelet counting is crucial for indicating prophylactic platelet transfusion in thrombocytopenic patients. To evaluate the precision and accuracy of platelet counting for thrombocytopenic patients, using four different automated counters in comparison with the Brecher & Cronkite reference method recommended by the International Committee for Standardization in Hematology (ICSH). Automated platelet counting assessment in thrombocytopenic patients. Hematology Laboratory, Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo, and the Hematology Division of Instituto Adolfo Lutz, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Brecher & Cronkite reference method and four different automated platelet counters. 43 thrombocytopenic patients with platelet counts of less than 30,000/microliter. The ADVIA-120 (Bayer), Coulter STKS, H1 System (Technicom-Bayer) and Coulter T-890 automatic instruments presented great precision and accuracy in relation to laboratory thrombocytopenic samples obtained by diluting blood from normal donors. However, when thrombocytopenic patients were investigated, all the counters except ADVIA (which is based on volume and refraction index) showed low accuracy when compared to the Brecher & Cronkite reference method (ICSH). The ADVIA counter showed high correlation (r = 0.974). However, all counters showed flags in thrombocytopenic samples. The Brecher & Cronkite reference method should always be indicated in thrombocytopenic patients for platelet counts below 30,000 plt/microliter obtained in one dimensional counters.

  14. The tissue bank at the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares: ISO 9001:2000 certification of its quality management system.

    PubMed

    Martínez-Pardo, María Esther; Mariano-Magaña, David

    2007-01-01

    Tissue banking is a complex operation concerned with the organisation and coordination of all the steps, that is, from donor selection up to storage and distribution of the final products for therapeutic, diagnostic, instruction and research purposes. An appropriate quality framework should be established in order to cover all the specific methodology as well as the general aspects of quality management, such as research and development, design, instruction and training, specific documentation, traceability, corrective action, client satisfaction, and the like. Such a framework can be obtained by developing a quality management system (QMS) in accordance with a suitable international standard: ISO 9001:2000. This paper presents the implementation process of the tissue bank QMS at the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares in Mexico. The objective of the paper is to share the experience gained by the tissue bank personnel [radiosterilised tissue bank (BTR)] at the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ, National Institute of Nuclear Research), during implementation of the ISO 9001:2000 certification process. At present, the quality management system (QMS) of ININ also complies with the Mexican standard NMX-CC-9001:2000. The scope of this QMS is Research, Development and Processing of Biological Tissues Sterilised by Gamma Radiation, among others.

  15. Uneasy money: the Instituto Carlos Slim de la Salud, tobacco philanthropy and conflict of interest in global health

    PubMed Central

    Burch, Tiffany; Wander, Nathaniel; Collin, Jeff

    2015-01-01

    In May 2007, the Instituto Carso de la Salud—now Instituto Carlos Slim de la Salud (ICSS)—was endowed with US$500 million to focus on priority health issues in Latin America, notably issues of ‘globalisation and non-communicable diseases’. ICSS was soon criticised, however, on the grounds that its funding was derived from tobacco industry profits and that its founder Carlos Slim Hélu remained an active industry principal. Collaboration with ICSS was said to run counter to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The Institute's then Executive President Julio Frenk disputed these charges. This research employs an archive of tobacco industry documents triangulated with materials from commercial, media, regulatory and NGO sources to examine the financial relations between Slim and the tobacco industry. The paper analyses Slim's continuing service to the industry and role in ICSS. It demonstrates a prima facie conflict of interest between ICSS's health mission and its founder's involvement in cigarette manufacturing and marketing, reflected on ICSS's website as a resounding silence on issues of tobacco and health. It is concluded that the reliance of international health agencies upon the commercial sector requires more robust institutional policies to effectively regulate conflicts of interest. PMID:21088061

  16. [Frequency of peritoneal transport in a population of the Hospital General Regional No. 46, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Chávez Valencia, Venice; Orizaga de la Cruz, Citlalli; Pazarin Villaseñor, Héctor Leonardo; Fuentes Ramírez, Francisco; Parra Michel, Renato; Aragaki, Yuritomo; Márquez Magaña, Isela; García Cárdenas, Mario Alberto; Campos Enrique, Rojas

    2014-12-01

    The peritoneal equilibration test (PET) is a common test used in the adequacy of peritoneal dialysis (PD). To determine the frequency of presentation of different types of peritoneal transport in patients on PD ranking with Twardowski, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán (INCMNSZ) and Hospital de Especialidades del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social Centro Médico Nacional de Occidente (IMSS-HE, CMNO) and establish themselves. Descriptive and transversal study. Included with PET on PD patients between April 2011 to September 2012; any gender, 16 years or older, in DP minimum of 4 weeks. PEP performed standardized bags of 2.5%. Performed 235 PET. We can classify peritoneal transport with Twardowski in high (H) 34%, high average (HA) 37%, low average (LA) 25%, and low (L) 4% peritoneal transport rates. INCMNSZ percentages H was 34%, HA 32%, LA 23%, and L 11%; using the CMNO HE was H 26%, HA 31%, LA 31%, and L 12%. From our data, the percentage of patients with H was 22%, HA 33%, LA 32%, and L13%. Classifying patients according to type of transport with Twardowski will under-diagnose the low and overestimate high transport, and can alter survival forecasts.

  17. Uneasy money: the Instituto Carlos Slim de la Salud, tobacco philanthropy and conflict of interest in global health.

    PubMed

    Burch, Tiffany; Wander, Nathaniel; Collin, Jeff

    2010-12-01

    In May 2007, the Instituto Carso de la Salud-now Instituto Carlos Slim de la Salud (ICSS)-was endowed with US$500 million to focus on priority health issues in Latin America, notably issues of 'globalisation and non-communicable diseases'. ICSS was soon criticised, however, on the grounds that its funding was derived from tobacco industry profits and that its founder Carlos Slim Hélu remained an active industry principal. Collaboration with ICSS was said to run counter to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The Institute's then Executive President Julio Frenk disputed these charges. This research employs an archive of tobacco industry documents triangulated with materials from commercial, media, regulatory and NGO sources to examine the financial relations between Slim and the tobacco industry. The paper analyses Slim's continuing service to the industry and role in ICSS. It demonstrates a prima facie conflict of interest between ICSS's health mission and its founder's involvement in cigarette manufacturing and marketing, reflected on ICSS's website as a resounding silence on issues of tobacco and health. It is concluded that the reliance of international health agencies upon the commercial sector requires more robust institutional policies to effectively regulate conflicts of interest.

  18. Contributions of the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología in the diagnosis and treatment of the Wolff-Parkinson - White syndrome.

    PubMed

    Iturralde-Torres, Pedro; Márquez, Manlio F

    2010-01-01

    Since the first description of the disease now known as Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, much knowledge has been gained through several experimental and clinical studies all over the world. The Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez in Mexico City has not been the exception. In this report, we describe the clinical, electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic contributions of past and present researchers at the Institute, as well as the experience in the diagnosis and treatment of the W-P-W syndrome at this Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez.

  19. Catalogue of Opiliones (Arachnida) types deposited in the Arachnida and Myriapoda collection of the Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Coronato-Ribeiro, Amanda; Pinto-Da-Rocha, Ricardo; Rheims, Cristina Anne

    2013-01-01

    A catalogue of the Opiliones types of the "Instituto Butantan", São Paulo, Brazil is given, surveying the collection after severe fire damaged in 2010. Of a total of 91 species with type material listed for the collection, 69 could be located, and 22 are considered lost. The species are arranged according to their families and genera. The collection of Salvador de Toledo Piza Jr., housed at the Museu de Zoologia "Luiz de Queiroz", was donated to the Instituto Butantan in 2009. These types received a new accession number and are listed under this new affiliation for the first time.

  20. [Comparative profile of medications at the "Hospital Infantil de México" and the "Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social"].

    PubMed

    Jasso-Gutiérrez, Luis; Santos-Preciado, José Ignacio

    2010-01-01

    Compare the distribution of medications according to therapeutic groups (TGs) as a function of codes, cost, price weighted index (PWI) and volume between the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, a conglomerate of hospitals and family medicine clinics and the Hospital Infantil de México "Federico Gómez" a tertiary care referral pediatric hospital. Medications were classified by TGs according to drug code, purchase cost, PWI, and volumes purchased. TGs showed similar profiles according to cost of purchase, volume and code numbers, not according to PWI. There were only minor differences in cost among the 15 most expensive medications among both institutions. Despite the marked asymmetry between both institutions, drug profiles were not significantly different, to a large extent due to the fact that the Hospital Infantil de Mexico acquires all TGs.

  1. [Evaluation of minimum thresholds of cellularity in units of umbilical cord blood at Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal in Peru].

    PubMed

    Torres, Diana; Cerón, Willy; Córdova, Belinda; Rodríguez, Ricardo; Cabrera, Efraín; Alegría, Raúl; Cóndor, José M

    2016-01-01

    A cross-sectional study that included 100 units of umbilical cord blood (UCB) was conducted to evaluate the minimum criteria of cellularity in UCB units, according to NetCord standards at Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal in Lima, Peru. The volume, total count of nucleated cells by hematological tests and total number of CD34+ as well as cell viability by flow cytometry were determined. The study revealed that 56% of UCB units do not fulfill the minimum criteria of cellularity to be cryopreserved in an umbilical cord blood bank. Furthermore, the UCB units of newborns who weighed more and were female had a higher volume and cell count. In conclusion, these variables must undoubtedly be considered to optimize the collection of UCB units and obtain greater cell counts that enable the storage of high-quality units in a future umbilical cord blood bank in Peru.

  2. [Instituto de Investigaciones Clinicas "Dr. Américo Negrette": 55 years of excellent research versus global economic recession].

    PubMed

    Valero Cedeño, Nereida Josefina

    2014-12-01

    The Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas "Dr. Américo Negrette" belongs to the Faculty of Medicine at University of Zulia in Maracaibo, Zulia State, Venezuela. It was created on December 4, 1959 by Dr. Américo Negrette. Today, with 55 years of existence, the Institute seeks to fulfill the mission that characterizes it, based on the values instilled by its founder and maintained by subsequent generations, whose research projects are implemented through seven research sections: Biochemistry, Hematologic Research, Neuropharmacology and Neuroscience, Immunology and Cell Biology, Clinical Neurochemistry, Parasitology and Virology. The research originated in these laboratories have become national and international points of reference, despite the current economic situation with budget deficits that put at risk the quality and originality of their projects with negative consequences on the productivity and applications for health population, reasons of biomedical research.

  3. Radiation treatment of early vocal cord carcinoma. Eighteen years experience at "Instituto de Oncologia y Radioterapia de Mar del Plata".

    PubMed

    Castro Vita, H

    1990-01-01

    A detailed retrospective analysis of 260 patients with T 1 NO MO vocal cord carcinoma treated at "Instituto de Oncologia y Radioterapia de Mar del Plata" from 1967 to 1985 was performed. The majority of the patients were in the age range of 50 to 79 years, and 79% were males. The overall observed three year tumor free survival was 85.3%. When survival rate was adjusted for intercurrent disease and second primary tumor death, the 3 year tumor free survival was 92%. Sixty two percent of the patients (17/27) undergoing surgical salvage for recurrence, were controlled. Second primary tumors were seen in 18 patients (6.9%). It is emphasized the importance of close follow up to diagnose as early as possible both the vocal cord recurrence and the second primary tumors.

  4. [Evolution of cardiovascular surgery at the Instituto do Coração: analysis of 71,305 surgeries].

    PubMed

    Lisboa, Luiz Augusto F; Moreira, Luiz Felipe P; Mejia, Omar Vilca; Dallan, Luís Alberto O; Pomerantzeff, Pablo M A; Costa, Roberto; Puig, Luiz B; Jatene, Fabio B; Marcial, Miguel Barbero; Stolf, Noedir A G

    2010-02-01

    Cardiovascular surgery has been undergoing transformations due to the advancement of percutaneous techniques, clinical treatment and primary prevention. Evaluation of incidence and mortality of heart surgeries performed at the Instituto do Coração (InCor-HCFMUSP). Using database from the Instituto do Coração, analysis was carried out on cardiovascular surgeries performed between 1984 and 2007, taking into consideration trends of main procedures and of mortality rates. In 24 years, 71,305 heart surgeries were performed, with an annual average of 2971 procedures. The number of coronary artery bypass graft surgeries, which in the 1980s had an average of 856/year, is currently around 1.106/year. Heart valve procedures increased from 400 to 597 surgeries per year, growing 36.7%, when compared to the 1990s. Repair of congenital heart disease also had a significant increase of 50.8% in relation to the last decade. Global mortality average rate, which at baseline was 7.5%, is currently at 7.0% and 4.9% among elective procedures. In coronary artery bypass graft surgery, current average mortality rate is 4.8% and 8.5% in valve surgery. Repair of congenital heart disease accounts for 5.3%. Cardiovascular surgery continues increasing. The coronary artery bypass graft is still the most commonly performed surgery. However, profile of procedures has been undergoing changes with the largest increase of approach to cardiac valves and congenital heart disease. Mortality rates are higher when compared to international rates, reflecting the high complexity presented in tertiary service of national reference.

  5. Ambient Dose Equivalent measured at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología Department of Nuclear Medicine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ávila, O.; Torres-Ulloa, C. L.; Medina, L. A.; Trujillo-Zamudio, F. E.; de Buen, I. Gamboa; Buenfil, A. E.; Brandan, M. E.

    2010-12-01

    Ambient dose equivalent values were determined in several sites at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Departmento de Medicina Nuclear, using TLD-100 and TLD-900 thermoluminescent dosemeters. Additionally, ambient dose equivalent was measured at a corridor outside the hospitalization room for patients treated with 137Cs brachytherapy. Dosemeter calibration was performed at the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Laboratorio de Metrología, to known 137Cs gamma radiation air kerma. Radionuclides considered for this study are 131I, 18F, 67Ga, 99mTc, 111In, 201Tl and 137Cs, with main gamma energies between 93 and 662 keV. Dosemeters were placed during a five month period in the nuclear medicine rooms (containing gamma-cameras), injection corridor, patient waiting areas, PET/CT study room, hot lab, waste storage room and corridors next to the hospitalization rooms for patients treated with 131I and 137Cs. High dose values were found at the waste storage room, outside corridor of 137Cs brachytherapy patients and PET/CT area. Ambient dose equivalent rate obtained for the 137Cs brachytherapy corridor is equal to (18.51±0.02)×10-3 mSv/h. Sites with minimum doses are the gamma camera rooms, having ambient dose equivalent rates equal to (0.05±0.03)×10-3 mSv/h. Recommendations have been given to the Department authorities so that further actions are taken to reduce doses at high dose sites in order to comply with the ALARA principle (as low as reasonably achievable).

  6. [List of the type species of Ceratopogonidae (Diptera, Nematocera) deposited in the Entomological Collection of Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Felippe-Bauer, M; Oliveira Sd, S

    2001-11-01

    A list of all type specimens of the Family Ceratopogonidae, present in the Entomological Collection of Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil is presented. This list includes the genera Bahiahelea, Culicoides, Dasyhelea, Downeshelea, Forcipomyia, Leptoconops, Mallochohelea, Monohelea, Neobezzia, Palpomyia and Sphaerohelea.

  7. Instituto para la Promocion de la Cultura Civica, A.C.: Mission; Philosophy; Goals and Objectives; Challenge and Commitment; Activities; Publications and Essays; Presence in the Mass Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instituto para la Promocion de la Cultura Civica. Mexico City (Mexico).

    The report discusses the activities of the Instituto para la Promocion de la Culture Civica (ICC), a non-partisan, not-for-profit Mexican nongovernmental organization (NGO) that has as its mission: to promote the advancement of a civic culture understood as a system of values, ideas, traits of character, dispositions, inclinations, attitudes,…

  8. Perceptions of Instituto Superior De Teologia Evangelica No Lubango Graduates in Angola: Implications for Theological Education in Learning and Ministry Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster Fabiano, Sheila J.

    2015-01-01

    Given the frequently observed disconnect between people's learning experiences and their subsequent behavior or practice, this research inquired into the factors that contribute to coherence or congruence between learning and practice as perceived by graduates of ISTEL (Instituto Superior de Teologia Evangelica no Lubango), an interdenominational…

  9. Perceptions of Instituto Superior De Teologia Evangelica No Lubango Graduates in Angola: Implications for Theological Education in Learning and Ministry Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster Fabiano, Sheila J.

    2015-01-01

    Given the frequently observed disconnect between people's learning experiences and their subsequent behavior or practice, this research inquired into the factors that contribute to coherence or congruence between learning and practice as perceived by graduates of ISTEL (Instituto Superior de Teologia Evangelica no Lubango), an interdenominational…

  10. Clinical-epidemiological profile of children with schistosomal myeloradiculopathy attended at the Instituto Materno-Infantil de Pernambuco.

    PubMed

    Araújo, Karina Conceição G M; Rosa e Silva, Cristiana da; Barbosa, Constança Simões; Ferrari, Teresa C A

    2006-09-01

    The most critical phase of exposure to schistosomal infection is the infancy, because of the more frequent contact with contaminated water and the immaturity of the immune system. One of the most severe presentations of this parasitosis is the involvement of the spinal cord, which prognosis is largely dependent on early diagnosis and treatment. Reports on this clinical form of schistosomiasis in children are rare in the literature. We present here the clinical-epidemiological profile of schistosomal myeloradiculopathy (SMR) from ten children who were admitted at the Instituto Materno-Infantil de Pernambuco over a five-year period. They were evaluated according to an investigation protocol. Most of these patients presented an acute neurological picture which included as the main clinical manifestations: sphincteral disorders, low back and lower limbs pain, paresthesia, lower limbs muscle weakness and absence of deep tendon reflex, and impairment of the gait. The diagnosis was presumptive in the majority of the cases. This study emphasizes the importance of considering the diagnosis of SMR in pediatric patients coming from endemic areas who present a low cord syndrome, in order to start the appropriate therapy and avoid future complications.

  11. [Prevalence and characterisation of the newborn suffering craniofacial anomalies at the Instituto Materno Infantil in Bogotá].

    PubMed

    Cifuentes-Cifuentes, Yolanda; Arteaga-Díaz, Clara; Infante-Contreras, Clementina; Clavijo-López, Elsa G; Quintero-Guzmán, Constanza

    2008-01-01

    Determining the frequency and characteristics of newborn suffering craniofacial abnormalities who were attending the Instituto Materno Infantil (IMI) in Bogotá. Data was gathered regarding the newborn suffering such alterations who attended IMI from March 1st 2000 to August 15th 2001. The variables analysed were: being born in or having been remitted to the IMI, social strata, origin, general and specific risk factors, gender, correlation between weight and gestational age, clinical and aetiological diagnosis of the anomaly, karyotype and condition on leaving IMI. There was 2.7% prevalence for congenital defects and 0.6% for craniofacial abnormalities. 69% of the 52 patients had specific risk factors, 38% had been preterm, 33% had suffered retarded intra-uterine growth, 65% had cleft palates, 55.8% multiple abnormalities and 46% syndromes. Aetiological diagnosis was established in 38%; 12% had chromosomopathy. Eighteen children (35%) died, death being attributed to their defect in 13 of them, six by chromosomopathy. This study revealed the use of karyotype in making an aetiological diagnosis and determining prognosis. Mortality for the group suffering craniofacial abnormalities was threefold that of other hospitalised neonatal patients. Significant statistical association was shown between mortality and preterm condition, retarded growth, chromosomopathy and a diagnosis of multiple defects and/or syndromes. Prematurity, retarded growth, multiple defects, syndrome diagnosis and chromosomopathy revealed a mortality risk profile.

  12. [The congenital syphilis protocol used at the Instituto Materno Infantil-Hospital la Victoria, Bogotá].

    PubMed

    Cifuentes-Cifuentes, Mery Y; Ojeda-Enríquez, Cindy V

    2013-01-01

    Examining a cohort of women having a reactive venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) test on delivery (and their newborn) to describe adherence to the Colombian treatment regime to prevent congenital syphilis and identify adverse clinical outcomes. A descriptive study of 73 pregnant women and their new born was carried out at the Instituto Materno Infantil-Hospital La Victoria during 2008. Syphilis was detected in 50 women during their pregnancy and 23 when giving birth; 34 % became re-infected. 29 % were drug addicts, 19 % indigent and 23% had a history of syphilis. 7 cases were considered successful regarding antenatal treatment. Congenital syphilis frequency at the institution was 1 case per 46 births; there were 8 fetal deaths (12 %) and 58 cases of congenital syphilis in the newborn (27 symptomatic and 31 asymptomatic). 7 newborn had neurosyphilis, 17 suffered growth restriction and 6 were premature. Attending antenatal care, detecting syphilis during pregnancy and providing some type of treatment were related to decreased mortality, fewer symptomatic newborn and fewer infants having IUGR. Pregnant female drug addicts did not attend or lacked prenatal care and had a greater number of symptomatic newborn, involving growth restriction and being premature. It is recommended that pregnant women be encouraged to attend prenatal care and that health personnel should become involved in detecting the disease, verifying treatment in couples (i.e. including the sexual partner)and training in the institution's maternal and neonatal care programs.

  13. [Severe malnutrition: epidemiological and clinical characteristics of children hospitalized in the Instituto Materno Infantil de Pernambuco (IMIP), Brazil].

    PubMed

    Falbo, Ana Rodrigues; Alves, João Guilherme Bezerra

    2002-01-01

    Ninety-nine children admitted to the Instituto Materno Infantil de Pernambuco with severe malnutrition from May 1999 to May 2000 were investigated in a cross-sectional study focusing on key epidemiological and clinical variables. The majority of the children (88.9%) were less than 6 months of age, 42.4% had a history of low birth weight, and 36.4% were premature. Some 19.2% had never been breastfed, and 49.5% had been breastfed for less than 2 months. Some 15.2% of the mothers were illiterate. Most of the families (86.1%) had incomes less than twice the minimum wage (approximately US$150/month), and 51.5% had migrated from rural areas. Only 26.3% of the homes had running water, and 40.4% lacked sewage disposal facilities. Diarrhea was the reason for hospital admission in 55.6% of the cases. Hospital mortality was 34.3% in this group.

  14. [Breast self-examination in users of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social from Teapa, Tabasco, Mexico].

    PubMed

    Córdova-Cadena, Samuel; González-Pozos, Patricia Vanessa; Zavala-González, Marco Antonio

    2015-01-01

    To establish the proportion of women of 40 years-old and more, which perform properly breast self-examination in the Family Medical Unit 18 of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social from Teapa, Tabasco, Mexico, in 2011. Cross-sectional study in a universe of 1457 women. A random sample of 127 women was obtained and aleatorily selected. Socio-demographic and hereditary variables were included and breast self-examination technique was evaluated. The information was taken from clinical files and check lists. Descriptive statistic was obtained. The mean age was 52.7 ± 9.3, with a confidence interval of 40-80 years-old. Women with a primary-school education were the largest group, representing 35.4 %. Family antecedent of breast malign tumor was found in 11 %. The mother was the most frequent parent with this background (42.9 %). Adequate breast self-examination technique was observed in 0.8 %. The proportion of women that performs breast self-examination properly is very low. Associated factors were not found. Educative interventions are required in order to correct this problem.

  15. [4 cases of annular pancreas at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    Maroun Marun, C; Uscanga, L; Robles-Díaz, G; Campuzano Fernández, M

    1992-01-01

    Annular pancreas (AP) is a rare congenital anomaly due to malrotation of the pancreatic ventral yolk. Although it has been described in young and middle age adults it predominates in children. Its clinical picture is that of duodenal obstruction or acute pancreatitis episodes. In this paper we report four cases of AP that were seen at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutricion Salvador Zubiran in Mexico City. Three were females and three were less than twenty years old. In one case the diagnosis was established at birth and the operation done in another hospital. In another patient a diagnosis of pyloric hypertrophy was made and a pyloroplasty was performed. This young man was admitted in our hospital because of abdominal pain and hyperamylasemia. An eighty four year old woman was seen due to abdominal pain, nausea and vomit. In all cases the diagnosis of AP was carried out with radiological studies and confirmed by laparotomy. Surgical procedures consisted of duodenal-duodenal anastomosis in two, sphincteroplasty in one, and gastrojejunoanastomosis in the other. Two patients are asymptomatic, one died in the postoperative period, and one was lost for follow up. These four cases represent all the experience of our institute and correspond to one case in 36,735 admissions.

  16. [Retrospective evaluation of 500 endoscopic cholangiopancreatographies performed at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición "Salvador Zubiran"].

    PubMed

    Elizondo, J; Gallo, S; Valdovinos, M A; Paez, R

    1989-01-01

    We evaluated 500 endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographies (ERCP) performed on 422 patients during a 5-year period in the Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Department, Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, México, D.F. ERCP combines endoscopic and radiologic techniques in order to obtain high quality opacification of pancreatic and biliary ducts. The rate of success for cannulation was 90%; desired duct opacification was possible in 89%. The most frequent indication for ERCP was to establish the differential diagnosis for jaundice; biliary stones in the common bile duct was the most frequent diagnosis, followed by normal biliary ducts. Pancreatography was normal in 74% of patients. ERCP complications were detected in 5.6%; fever and transient pain was the most common complaint in 1.6%. Mortality attributable to the procedure was 0.8%. From histological corroboration of cases by surgery or postmortem studies, diagnostic sensitivity was 92%, specificity 76%, positive predictive value 96% and a prevalence of 89%. We conclude that ERCP is highly sensitive and specific in diagnosing bilio-pancreatic-duodenal disease. Our results are comparable to other's experiences published throughout the world.

  17. Registry of "early latecomer" patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction at the Instituto Nacional Cardiovascular INCOR - Peru.

    PubMed

    Chacón-Diaz, Manuel Alberto; Barrios-Escalante, Jorge Alonso; Espinoza-Alva, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    To assess the features of asymptomatic patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction who presents to the emergency with more than 12h of evolution, and if there is a benefit of an invasive versus medical therapy. Retrospective, cohort study from January 2012 to December 2014, we compare the outcomes at 6 and 12 months of follow up of the invasive group versus the conservative group. There were no differences in outcomes at 12 months between an invasive versus a conventional strategy; but, looking at the reperfusion state, we found more risk of death and heart failure at 12 months in the no-reperfused group versus the reperfused group (40% versus 0%, OR: 2, CI: 1.2-3.1, p=0.028 for mortality and 53% versus 0%, OR: 2.2, CI: 1.3-3.98, p=0.007 for heart failure). In patients with ST elevation acute myocardial infarction with more than 12h of evolution, the invasive strategy with optimal reperfusion is better than the conservative management or no reperfusion in terms of less mortality and heart failure at 12 months of follow up. Copyright © 2015 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  18. Major craniofacial defects: case series and prenatal diagnosis at the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Velázquez-Torres, Berenice; Gallardo-Gaona, Juan Manuel; Acevedo-Gallegos, Sandra; Ramírez-Calvo, José Antonio; Benavides-Serralde, Jesús Andrés; Camargo-Marín, Lisbeth; Cervantes-Parra, Luz Engracia; Martínez-Juárez, Alejandro; Guzmán-Huerta, Mario Estanislao

    2012-01-01

    To describe the prenatal diagnosis, characteristics, development, perinatal outcome, and final diagnosis of pregnancies complicated by fetuses with major craniofacial defects, at the Instituto Nacional de Perinatologia, México, 1997-2008. A retrospective, descriptive study from January of 1997 to January 2008, analyzed 152 pregnancies complicated by fetuses with major craniofacial defects, diagnosed at the Department of Fetal Medicine of the National Institute of Perinatology. Data were obtained from patients clinical records. . The mean age was 28 +/- 8 years, with the largest number of cases between 20 and 24. The mean gestational age at diagnosis was 27.5 +/- 6.4 gestational weeks. The average termination of pregnancy was at 35 +/- 5 gestational weeks. In 43.4% of cases there were no major structural defects associated with the facial defect. The most commonly associated structural alterations were cerebral, cardiac, and limb abnormalities. Karyotyping was performed in only 57 cases, and was abnormal in 25. Structural ultrasound should be performed on all pregnant women between weeks 18 and 24 for detection of major craniofacial defects. Where defects are found, a thorough review of other structures should be carried out to determine whether the defects are syndromic. A systematic and multidisciplinary approach is essential to providing the best care and appropriate advice to parents.

  19. The Los Alamos National Laboratory (USA): Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo cooperative program for the ASPEN flowsheet simulator: Status report

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, T.T.

    1987-01-01

    On June 20, 1983, the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the US Department of Energy, and the Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo (IMP) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that established a program of cooperation between the Los Alamos National Laboratory and the IMP. This report describes the work done under Annex II of the MOU, which set up a program in the area of process simulation using the ASPEN flowsheet simulator. As a part of this program, two IMP engineers were trained at Los Alamos: one as an ASPEN system administrator and the other as an ASPEN applications engineer. After returning to Mexico, these engineers installed ASPEN on the IMP VAX computer and trained 30 other IMP engineers and scientists to use ASPEN. To date, IMP used ASPEN to simulate four major process plants. In addition, engineers from Los Alamos and IMP worked together during the summer of 1986 to develop an implementation of the UNIFAC method for predicting liquid-phase activity coefficients. The code was written and installed in ASPEN and has passed a series of initial test cases. The UNIFAC model will be released to the public domain when testing is complete. IMP has also developed and shared with Los Alamos some enhancements to a computer code that predicts physical property correlation constants for petroleum fractions. The success of the Los Alamos/IMP cooperative program for the ASPEN flowsheet simulator demonstrates that technology transfer can work in both directions. 18 refs.

  20. [History of Instituto de Investigaciones Cardiológicas Alberto C. Taquini in its 60th anniversary].

    PubMed

    Milei, Jose; Trujillo, Jose Maria

    2004-01-01

    The Instituto de Investigaciones Cardiológicas (ININCA) was founded by Alberto C. Taquini in 1944 and directed by him during more than 50 years, until his death in 1998. The Institute was (and still is) dedicated to research in connection with CONICET (National Research Council) and to teaching within the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Buenos Aires. From the very beginning research was centered on hypertension, hypoxia and hemodynamic adaptations, renal physiology and electrolytes, arterial wall, cardiac metabolism, myocardial pharmacology and regulation of the circulation by the central nervous system. On the basis of Taquini's autobiographical notes, the experiments are reported which eventually led to the discovery of hypertensin, angiotensin and their relation with renin, together with the discussions promoted by the diverse hypotheses proposed by both national and international groups of investigators as the mechanism of hypertension. Taquini also played an important role in promoting science at national levels including his role as the first Secretary of Science and Technology from 1968 to 1971. He believed that scientific research is something more than planning and producing, that it also involves creating knowledge. As such he made many contributions to science, formed many disciples, and directed an Institute which is demonstrating its continuity.

  1. [Strategic planning models at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    Velázquez-Pastrana, Ruth

    2013-01-01

    The Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán (Spanish acronym INCMNSZ) is a third tier healthcare facility operated by the Mexican Ministry of Health, ando ver the years various strategic planning models have been used in its development. This paper present a brief overview of some of those strategic planning models and their application and concludes with a discussion of the lessons learned and challenges than remain.

  2. The April 16th 2016 Pedernales Earthquake and Instituto Geofisico efforts for improving seismic monitoring in Ecuador

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruiz, M. C.; Alvarado, A. P.; Hernandez, S.; Singaucho, J. C.; Gabriela, P.; Landeureau, A.; Perrault, M.; Acero, W.; Viracucha, C.; Plain, M.; Yepes, H. A.; Palacios, P.; Aguilar, J.; Mothes, P. A.; Segovia, M.; Pacheco, D. A.; Vaca, S.

    2016-12-01

    On April 16th, 2016, Ecuador's coastal provinces were struck by a devastating earthquake with 7.8 Mw magnitude. This event caused the earthquake-related largest dead toll in Ecuador (663 fatalities) since 1987 inland event. It provoked also a widespread destruction of houses, hotels, hospitals, affecting economic activities. Damaged was very worthy in the city of Pedernales, one of the nearest localities to the epicenter. Rupture area extended about a 100 km from the southern limit marked by the aftershock area of the 1998, 7.1 Mw earthquake to its northern limit controlled by the Punta Galera-Mompiche seismic zone, which is one of the several elongated swarms oriented perpendicular to the trench that occurred since 2007. Historical accounts of the Ecuador Colombia subduction zone have few mentions of felt earthquakes in the XVIII and XIX century likely related to poor communication and urban settlements in this area. A cycle of noticeable earthquakes began in 1896, including the 1906 8.8 Mw event and three earthquakes with magnitudes larger than 7.7 in the period 1942-1979, that preceded the 2016 earthquake. The Instituto Geofiísico of the Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IGEPN) has been monitoring the coastal area through the National Seismic Network (RENSIG) since 30 years back and recently enhanced through SENASCYT and SENPLADES supported projects. International collaboration from Japanese JICA and French IRD also contributed to expand the network and implement research projects in the area. Nowadays, the RENSIG has 135 seismic stations including 105 broadband and 5 strong motion velocimeters. Processing performed by Seiscomp3 software allows an automatic distribution of seismic parameters. A joint cooperation between IGEPN, the Navy Oceanographic Institute and the National Department for Risk Management is in charge of tsunami monitoring.

  3. Cost-effectiveness simulation analysis of schizophrenia at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social: Assessment of typical and atypical antipsychotics.

    PubMed

    Mould-Quevedo, Joaquín; Contreras-Hernández, Iris; Verduzco, Wáscar; Mejía-Aranguré, Juan Manuel; Garduño-Espinosa, Juan

    2009-07-01

    Estimation of the economic costs of schizophrenia is a fundamental tool for a better understanding of the magnitude of this health problem. The aim of this study was to estimate the costs and effectiveness of five antipsychotic treatments (ziprasidone, olanzapine, risperidone, haloperidol and clozapine), which are included in the national formulary at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, through a simulation model. Type of economic evaluation: complete economic evaluation of cost-effectiveness. direct medical costs. 1 year. Effectiveness measure: number of months free of psychotic symptoms. to estimate cost-effectiveness, a Markov model was constructed and a Monte Carlo simulation was carried out. Effectiveness: the results of the Markov model showed that the antipsychotic with the highest number months free of psychotic symptoms was ziprasidone (mean 9.2 months). The median annual costs for patients using ziprasidone included in the hypothetical cohort was 194,766.6 Mexican pesos (MXP) (95% CI, 26,515.6-363,017.6 MXP), with an exchange rate of 1 € = 17.36 MXP. The highest costs in the probabilistic analysis were estimated for clozapine treatment (260,236.9 MXP). Through a probabilistic analysis, ziprasidone showed the lowest costs and the highest number of months free of psychotic symptoms and was also the most costeffective antipsychotic observed in acceptability curves and net monetary benefits. Copyright © 2009 Sociedad Española de Psiquiatría and Sociedad Española de Psiquiatría Biológica. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  4. [Superficial mycoses: casuistry of the Mycology Department of the Instituto Nacional de Higiene "Rafael Rangel", Caracas, Venezuela (2001-2014)].

    PubMed

    Capote, Ana María; Ferrara, Giuseppe; Panizo, María Mercedes; García, Nataly; Alarcón, Víctor; Reviakina, Vera; Dolande, Maribel

    2016-03-01

    The superficial mycoses are very common infectious diseases and therefore are a frequent reason for medical consultation. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic frequency of superficial mycoses in the Mycology Department of the Instituto Nacional de Higiene "Rafael Rangel" during 14 years (2001-2014). A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed to review the mycological records of patients with presumptive diagnosis of superficial mycosis. Nails, hairs and epidermal scales were the processed samples. The identification of fungi was performed by macro and microscopic observation of colonies and biochemical and physiological tests, as required of the isolated agent. For the investigation of Malassezia spp. only direct examination was performed. Of the 3 228 samples processed, 1 098 (34%) were positive and their distribution according to the etiological agent was: dermatophytes 79.5%; 10.9% yeasts; non-dermatophytes fungi 5.1% and 4.5% Malassezia spp. The most frequently isolated dermatophyte was Trichophyton rubrum Complex (70.1%), followed by T mentagrophytes complex (15.1%), Microsporum canis (9.4%) and Epidermophyton floccosum (4%). The most frequent ringworms Were: Tinea unguium (66.8%), followed by Tineapedis (16.4%) and Tinea capitis (8.1%). Candida parapsilosis complex (37.5%) was the most frequently isolated yeast and Fusarium spp. (53.6%) was the most isolated among non-dermatophyte fungi, followed by Aspergillus spp. (19.6%) and Acremonium spp. (10.7%). The identification of the etiological agent is essential to guide appropriate treatment. This study constitutes an important contribution to the knowledge of the epidemiology of superficial mycoses in our country.

  5. [Neoliberalism in health: the torture of the health care workers of the Bogota's Instituto Materno Infantil (child and maternity hospital)].

    PubMed

    Abadía, César B; Pinilla, María Y A; Ariza, Katerine R; Ruíz, Héctor C S

    2012-06-01

    To link, from a historical point of view, the most significant transformations of the Instituto Materno Infantil (IMI) [the oldest child and maternity hospital of the country] during its process of crisis, closure and liquidation with the experiences of the hospital workers. To find experience-based and theoretical elements that can interconnect the process of health care privatization of the country with the workers' experiences of resistance and pain/suffering. Critically-oriented ethnography based on continuous collective field work, historical research (primary and secondary sources) and semi-structured interviews with 5 women who worked at the IMI for more than 15 years. A time line of 4 main periods: Los años de gloria [The golden years] (up to 1990); Llega el neoliberalismo [Neoliberalism arrives] (1990-2000); La crisis y las resistencias [Crisis and resistances] (2001-2005); and Liquidación [Liquidation (2006-20??)]. The narratives of the interviewed women unveil multiple aggressions that have intensified since 2006, have caused pain and suffering and are examples of violations of human and labour rights. We suggest to analyze the links between the different kinds of violence and pain and suffering as torture. This category is defined as the set of violent actions that cause physical and emotional pain, which are performed by actors in positions of power over other people who challenge that power and are part of modern States' ideological principles around a defined moral social order. For the IMI workers' case, the ideological principle that is being challenged is health care neoliberalism. From the analyses of bureaucracy, confinement, torturing agents, and the breaking-off of the body-mind unit we conclude that this relationship between neoliberalism and torture aims to eliminate the last health care workers of the country who had job stability and full-benefits through public labour contracts. Their elimination furthers the accumulation of capital

  6. [Occupational health in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country. OSALAN-Instituto Vasco de Seguridad y Salud Laborales].

    PubMed

    Martínez Castillo, A; Achutegui Basagoiti, G

    1996-01-01

    O.S.A.L.A.N.-Instituto Vasco de Seguridad y Salud Laborales is an autonomous administrative body depending on the Basque Government, ascribed to the Dept. of Justice, Economy, Work and Social Security, which is in charge of managing the general occupational health policies in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country. Its objectives are: To promote an ongoing improvement in safety and occupational health for all the workers in the Basque Autonomous Region, through the management of programmes in matters affecting safety, hygiene, the environment and occupational health. To co-ordinate and concentrate the different activities related to occupational health, unifying and giving coherence to the functions which were previously the jurisdiction of different departments. Making companies aware of national and E.U. regulations, taking the measures that are set out by the European Directives and the Prevention of Occupational Hazards Act and the rest of the employment regulations, establishing the training and information channels required for promoting and applying these in the companies. It acts: from an overall perspective as regards the prevention of occupational hazards, thanks to co-ordination with all the disciplines involved, applying a multi-disciplinary treatment to the study of each and every one of the occupational hazard factors, which is aimed at the prevention of risks at their source. Providing companies with the ideal means for managing the safety and health of their workers. Promoting the implementation of systems which guarantee an ongoing improvement in occupational safety and health in the companies of the Basque Autonomous Region. Providing the technical and research support that makes it possible to tackle prevention efficiently. The provision established in the Creation Act (O.S.A.L.A.N.) should also be mentioned, as regards its application in public administration and the field of social economy, which was later endorsed and ratified through

  7. The Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias: 30 years of Research and Communication in Astronomy.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Del Puerto, Carmen; Rodriguez, Nayra; Rosenberg, Alfred; Beckman, John Etienne

    2015-08-01

    1985 was a year of inauguration for the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC). In that year its two observatories, the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos, on the island of La Palma, (where its 10.4m optical-NIR telescope vies with the world´s major instruments), and the Observatorio del Teide, on the island of Tenerife, as well as its headquarters in La Laguna, Tenerife, were all inaugurated. This young institution has rapidly become the leading research centre for astronomy in Spain and achieved research standards at a European and world level. The 30th anniversary celebrations this year give an opportunity to maximize its already very active outreach programmes. In February two shows, featuring IAC researchers, and with astronomical themes, were shown in the main theatre of the city of La Laguna, and during the year further entertainment, collaborating with Canarian musicians and artists, is planned. Two exhibitions have been designed combining the anniversary with celebrations of the International Year of Light: “Listen to the Universe”, in Tenerife, and “Thirty Journeys around the Sun”, in La Palma, which will be open to the public for most of the year. A new outreach magazine “Parallaxes” will be launched by the IAC, in both paper and digital editions, and will complement the current blog, and news websites of the institute, as well as its communications on Facebook and Twitter. Among the activities being organized in Tenerife will be the formal naming of traffic circles with names of the telescopes at the Observatories. In conjunction with the municipal wine cellars of the local city of Tegueste a new Canarian wine produced by innovative methods and with an astronomical motif on its label, is to be launched during the year. All of these activities are in addition to the somewhat more routine productions of videos on the research lines of the IAC, including exoplanets, solar stellar, and interstellar physics, galaxies, and cosmology.

  8. Cost of production of live attenuated dengue vaccines: a case study of the Instituto Butantan, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Mahoney, R T; Francis, D P; Frazatti-Gallina, N M; Precioso, A R; Raw, I; Watler, P; Whitehead, P; Whitehead, S S

    2012-07-06

    A vaccine to prevent dengue disease is urgently needed. Fortunately, a few tetravalent candidate vaccines are in the later stages of development and show promise. But, if the cost of these candidates is too high, their beneficial potential will not be realized. The price of a vaccine is one of the most important factors affecting its ultimate application in developing countries. In recent years, new vaccines such as those for human papilloma virus and pneumococcal disease (conjugate vaccine) have been introduced with prices in developed countries exceeding $50 per dose. These prices are above the level affordable by developing countries. In contrast, other vaccines such as those against Japanese encephalitis (SA14-14-2 strain vaccine) and meningitis type A have prices in developing countries below one dollar per dose, and it is expected that their introduction and use will proceed more rapidly. Because dengue disease is caused by four related viruses, vaccines must be able to protect against all four. Although there are several live attenuated dengue vaccine candidates under clinical evaluation, there remains uncertainty about the cost of production of these tetravalent vaccines, and this uncertainty is an impediment to rapid progress in planning for the introduction and distribution of dengue vaccines once they are licensed. We have undertaken a detailed economic analysis, using standard industrial methodologies and applying generally accepted accounting practices, of the cost of production of a live attenuated vaccine, originally developed at the US National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases), to be produced at the Instituto Butantan in Sao Paulo, Brazil. We determined direct costs of materials, direct costs of personnel and labor, indirect costs, and depreciation. These were analyzed assuming a steady-state production of 60 million doses per year. Although this study does not seek to compute the price of the final

  9. Performances of HTLV serological tests in diagnosing HTLV infection in high-risk population of São Paulo, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Jacob, Fabrício; Santos-Fortuna, Elizabeth de los; Azevedo, Raymundo Soares; Caterino-de-Araujo, Adele

    2007-01-01

    Testing problems in diagnosing human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) infection, mostly HTLV-II, have been documented in HIV/AIDS patients. Since December 1998, the Immunology Department of Instituto Adolfo Lutz (IAL) offers HTLV-I/II serology to Public Health Units that attend HTLV high-risk individuals. Two thousand, three hundred and twelve serum samples: 1,393 from AIDS Reference Centers (Group I), and 919 from HTLV out-patient clinics (Group II) were sent to IAL for HTLV-I/II antibodies detection. The majority of them were screened by two enzyme immunoassays (EIAs), and confirmed by Western Blot (WB 2.4, Genelabs). Seven different EIA kits were employed during the period, and according to WB results, the best performance was obtained by EIAs that contain HTLV-I and HTLV-II viral lysates and rgp21 as antigens. Neither 1st and 2nd, nor 3rd generation EIA kits were 100% sensitive in detecting truly HTLV-I/II reactive samples. HTLV-I and HTLV-II prevalence rates of 3.3% and 2.5% were detected in Group I, and of 9.6% and 3.6% in Group II, respectively. High percentages of HTLV-seroindeterminate WB sera were detected in both Groups. The algorithm testing to be employed in HTLV high-risk population from São Paulo, Brazil, needs the use of two EIA kits of different formats and compounds as screening, and because of high seroindeterminate WB, may be another confirmatory assay.

  10. [The "Instituto de Salud Carlos III" and the public health in Spain. Origin of laboratory medicine and of the central laboratories and research in public health].

    PubMed

    Nájera Morrondo, Rafael

    2006-01-01

    The "Instituto de Salud Carlos III" is the Central Public Health Laboratory in Spain with an important component of scientific research in health related areas, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, infectious diseases and environmental health. The article describes the development of the Public Health Institutes. arising from the introduction and development of scientific and laboratory based medicine and the introduction of vaccination and sanitation with the control of water and food. At about the same time, the discoveries in microbiology and immunology were produced, being the research activities incardinated with the practical advances in the control of products. To cope with the practical needs, Institutions were created with the responsibility of providing smallpox vaccine but incorporating very soon production of sera and other vaccines and water and sanitation control and foods control. At the same time. colonization of countries specially in Africa, South East Asia and explorations in Central America confront the Europeans with new diseases and the need of laboratories where to study them. These circumstances gave rise to the birth of the Central Public Health Laboratories and the National institutes of Health at the beginning of the XX century in many countries. In Spain, the Spanish Civil War was a breaking point in the development of such an institution that finally was reinvented with the creation of the Instituto de Salud Carlos III, in 1986, incorporating research and epidemiological surveillance and control of diseases and also the responsibilities of the Food and Drug Control, lately separated from it.

  11. [Giardia duodenalis genotypes found in the Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar day care centers and dogs in Ibagué, Colombia].

    PubMed

    Rodríguez, Victoria; Espinosa, Oneida; Carranza, Julio César; Duque, Sofía; Arévalo, Adriana; Clavijo, Jairo Alfonso; Urrea, Daniel Alfonso; Vallejo, Gustavo Adolfo

    2014-01-01

    Eight Giardia duodenalis genotypes (A-H) have been described to date. Genotypes A and B have been isolated from humans and a wide range of mammals; however, genotypes C-H have shown greater host specificity. Identifying G. duodenalis genotypes from cysts in faeces obtained from children attending the Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar (ICBF) day care centres and from dogs in Ibagué by PCR-RFLP targeting both the b -giardin and glutamate dehydrogenase genes. Cysts from G. duodenalis positive samples were concentrated, DNA was extracted and the b -giardin and glutamate dehydrogenase genes were analysed by PCR-RFLP. The MHOM/CO/04/G40 strain was used as positive control (this was obtained from the Grupo de Parasitología at the Instituto Nacional de Salud ). Of the total human samples, 11/23 (48%) were genotyped as A and 12/23 (52%) as B; PCR-RFLP revealed that four canine samples were genotypes C and D, these being host-specific. Only genotypes associated with human infection (AII, BIII and BIV) were found in the children and host-specific genotypes were observed in canines (C and D). No interaction could be established between animal and human transmission cycles due to the small canine sample size and as the former did not come into contact with children attending ICBF day-care centres.

  12. [From the old headquarters of the Diretoria Geral de Saúde Pública (DGSP) to the Instituto Nacional do Câncer (Inca)].

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Tadeu Benedito

    2007-01-01

    The old headquarters of the Diretoria Geral de Saúde Pública (DGSP), located on Rua do Resende #128, and the Conjunto Arquitetônico Histórico de Manguinhos da Fiocruz (Manguinhos-Fiocruz Historical Architectural Complex) are contemporary buildings built by the initiative of Oswaldo Cruz and projects by Luiz Moraes Júnior. The old DGSP is as important as the so-called Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (IOC) then, now Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz) for the introduction and institucionalization of public health policies in Brasil. We describe the building project of the DGSP facilities, its evolution, transformations, and the process of becoming part of the Historic Heritage.

  13. Catalog of type specimens of invertebrates in the collection of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Brazil. VI. Hexapoda: Hemiptera: Heteroptera.

    PubMed

    Rodrigues, Higor D D; Ferreira-Keppler, Ruth L

    2013-01-01

    A catalog of type specimens of Heteroptera (Insecta: Hemiptera) deposited in the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Brazil, is presented and updated to May, 2012. A total of 37 holotypes and 61 lots of paratypes of 78 species are listed in their families: Miridae and Reduviidae (infraorder: Cimicomorpha); Mesoveliidae and Velfidae (Gerromorpha); Belostomatidae, Naucoridae, and Notonectidae (Nepomorpha); and Coreidae, Geocoridae [the older sense of "Lygaeidae"], and Pentatomidae (Pentatomomorpha). The taxa are presented alphabetically by infraorders, families, and genera, followed by epithet, bibliographic citation, type category, collection number, method of preservation, and present data on the labels. When necessary, we added localities data, and changes in taxonomic status of some species

  14. [Researchers training in the context of the collaborative projects: experiences of Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Alexander von Humbolt", Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia].

    PubMed

    Gotuzzo, Eduardo; González, Elsa; Verdonck, Kristien

    2010-09-01

    Research is a main element for human and social development. Under this point of view, it involves particular challenges and opportunities for the so-called "developing countries". An approach for those challenges and opportunities comes from the analysis of two interrelated activities; the training of new researchers and the research development with institutions or researchers which are external to the institution ("collaborative research"). Both activities are essential for the consolidation, widening and updating of the institutional capabilities for scientific production. We present here the experiences of the Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Alexander von Humboldt" of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, in relation to the training of new researchers, we discuss the four elements we consider key for this process; the promotion of stimulating environments for research, the proactive identification of fellows, the complementary advice and networks consolidation; and we analyze three successful models of international collaboration for the training of new researchers under different institutional approaches.

  15. Viability and molecular authentication of Coccidioides spp. isolates from the Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo culture collection, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Cavalcanti, Sarah Desirée Barbosa; Vidal, Mônica Scarpelli Martinelli; Sousa, Maria da Glória Teixeira de; Del Negro, Gilda Maria Barbaro

    2013-01-01

    Coccidioidomycosis is an emerging fungal disease in Brazil; adequate maintenance and authentication of Coccidioides isolates are essential for research into genetic diversity of the environmental organisms, as well as for understanding the human disease. Seventeen Coccidioides isolates maintained under mineral oil since 1975 in the Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo (IMTSP) culture collection, Brazil, were evaluated with respect to their viability, morphological characteristics and genetic features in order to authenticate these fungal cultures. Only five isolates were viable after almost 30 years, showing typical morphological characteristics, and sequencing analysis using Coi-F and Coi-R primers revealed 99% identity with Coccidioides genera. These five isolates were then preserved in liquid nitrogen and sterile water, and remained viable after two years of storage under these conditions, maintaining the same features.

  16. [Organization of medical specialization in cervical cancer and its control in Brazil: the Instituto de Ginecologia in Rio de Janeiro in the mid-twentieth century].

    PubMed

    Lana, Vanessa

    2016-01-01

    Instituto de Ginecologia (Institute of Gynecology), in Rio de Janeiro, headed by Dr. Arnaldo de Moraes, was the first institution in Brazil to introduce and divulge medical techniques for the control of cervical cancer in the mid-1900s. It became a benchmark for actions geared towards the disease at the time, organizing a specific diagnostic procedure that set Brazilian medicine apart in the field, in which it remained a leader until the 1970s. The aim of this text is to discuss the organization and running of the institution from two perspectives: its role in enhancing the position of gynecology as a medical specialty, and its role in spreading a standard practice for the control of cervical cancer.

  17. [Development, science, and politics: the debate surrounding creation of the Instituto Internacional da Hiléia Amazônica].

    PubMed

    Magalhães, Rodrigo Cesar da Silva; Maio, Marcos Chor

    2007-12-01

    The article uses the debate surrounding creation of the Instituto Internacional da Hiléia Amazônica (International Institute of the Hylean Amazon--IIHA) as a point of departure for analyzing the topic of development. We first address post-World War II relations between science and development. Next, we examine the Brazilian government's initiatives in the Amazon during the 1940s and how the IIHA project was received. Lastly, we analyze the controversies ignited in Brazil by Unesco's plan. The IIHA project was a catalyst of the development debate in post-World War II Brazil. The discussions then sparked in Brazil and the project's denouement solidified a development model for the Amazon that even today underpins initiatives taken in the region.

  18. [Institutional renovation and scientific modernization: the creation of the Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas during the mid-1950s].

    PubMed

    Buschini, José

    2013-12-01

    Using documentary sources, this work analyzes the creation and initial functioning of the Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas (Institute of Hematological Research) of the National Academy of Medicine (Buenos Aires, Argentina) in the context of the scientific modernization initiated within the country during the mid-1950s. Particular attention is paid to the generation of material bases and institutional and cultural mechanisms for the development of scientific research and of clinical practices guided by procedures and techniques rooted in the basic sciences. The formation and development of a research school in the Experimental Leukemia Section of the institute is explored as a case illustrative of the effective consolidation of initiatives oriented towards the organization of a scientific center.

  19. The Effects of Large Class Size on Effective EFL Teaching and Learning--A Study of Grade 10 Teachers and Pupils at "Instituto Médio Politécnico do Namibe?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sangangula, Londaka Amasio

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to provide views of teachers and pupils on large class size and its effects on teaching and English learning, at "Instituto Médio Politécnico do Namibe", and by showing that the large class scenario at IMP-Namibe may be attributed to various factors of which the most pertinent is the imbalance between the…

  20. [Anorexia-cachexia frequency and its gastrointestinal symptoms association in paliative patients at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, México].

    PubMed

    Pérez Camargo, Dana Aline; Allende Pérez, Silvia R; Meneses García, Abelardo; De Nicola Delfin, Luigina; Copca Mendoza, Erika Thalía; Sánchez López, Miriam S; Flores García, Martha Karen; Verástegui Avilés, Emma

    2014-10-01

    Anorexia-cachexia is a frequent syndrome among cancer patients, specially in late stages: the global prevalence of para-neoplastic anorexia-cachexia ranges between 20-40% in the diagnostic stage and between 70-80% in the late stage of the disease. The co-existence of functional or structural digestive abnormalities is frequently observed among cancer patients; this is a consequence of the tumor growth and of those systemic phenomena related to metabolism, which are affected by the relationship tumor-host specific to anorexia- cachexia. This study aimed at establishing the frequency of anorexia-cachexia, as well as its relationship to GI symptoms in the context of palliative care patients at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, México City. Analytic cross-sectional study including 100 patients diagnosed with late-stage cancer, age range 18-80, and a Karnofsky score > 50, as well as an ECOG <2; patients with a bad general health status were not allowed in the study. After reviewing inclusion and exclusion criteria, participants fulfilled the FAACT questionnaire, as well as the EGS. Patients recruitment was carried out by the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología. Results and discussion: Results show that 61% (n=61)of the patients had anorexia-cachexia, and 39% (n=39)did not. 56% of the sample participants (n=34) were women, and 44% (n=27) were men. GI symptoms associated with anorexia-cachexia were: nausea (p= 0.0001), vomiting (p=0.004), early satiety (p=0.0005), dysgeusia(p=0.0005) and dysphagia (p=0.001). Anorexia and cachexia are among the most devastating and frequent symptoms in late-stage cancer patients and they are also associated with GI symptoms affecting the physical, psychosocial and existential aspects of the patient's life. Data from this research validate the importance of an early nutrition support in palliative patients so that they can achieve a better quality of life. Copyright AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2014. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights

  1. Epidemiology of central nervous system tumors at the Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía in Mexico City.

    PubMed

    Velásquez-Pérez, L; Jiménez-Marcial, M E; Martínez-Martínez, J E

    2004-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of different Central Nervous System Tumors (CNST) diagnosed at the Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía (National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery) from Mexico City over a 10-year period (1990 to 1999) by means of a hospital survey. This institute is a reference hospital that provides medical attention to a very high number of adult neurological patients every year (approximately 6,000 new patients per year besides emergency cases). From a total number of 2,041 CNST cases, we found that the most frequent tumors were those affecting the neuroepithelial tissue (32.8 %), followed by tumors of the anterior pituitary gland (26.2 %) and tumors of the meninges and similar tissues (24.1 %). In both, male and female patients the higher frequency of CNST was found in patients whose age ranged from 25 to 44 years, and CNST were slightly more frequent in women than in men. Most of the CNST patients lived in the southern districts of Mexico City, it could be because of the great number of people living in the southern districts of the city, or perhaps due to the presence of certain yet unidentified environmental carcinogenic substance in this area. Since CNST are among the more frequent malignant neoplasms, it is necessary to improve the registration system to include frequency, prevalence, incidence and mortality of these diseases in Mexico, in order to plan health policies like in developed countries.

  2. [The Bernardino Álvarez Farm Hospital and Farm School: antecedents to Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía].

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-de Romo, Ana Cecilia; Castañeda-López, Gabriela

    2013-01-01

    By 1960, México's Manicomio General (General Asylum) could no longer fulfill the functions for which it was created so implementation of the so-called Castañeda Operation began, an initiative designed to close down and relocate psychiatric patients to other institutions. At that time, Dr. Manuel Velasco-Suárez was in charge of the General Direction of Neurology, Mental Health and Rehabilitation, and planned to create the Institute of Neurology on a site he already possessed for its construction. The Asylum was a dependency of the aforementioned Direction and Velasco- Suárez decided that some patients at the Castañeda could be moved to the old hacienda house that stood on that terrain. Thus was born the Bernardino Álvarez Farm Hospital. A year later, in 1961, the Farm School for the Weak-Minded, also named Bernardino Álvarez was established there as well. This paper examines the history of these two institutions as antecedents to the Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía.

  3. [Eccrine Porocarcinoma: clinical-pathological study of 19 cases in the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas, Lima - Peru].

    PubMed

    Casavilca, Sandro; Lama, Anny; Guerrero, Melvy; Essary, Lydia R; Mantilla, Raúl; Cano, Luis; Barrionuevo, Carlos

    2013-07-01

    In order to describe the clinical-pathological characteristics of the cases of Eccrine Porocarcinoma (EP) found in the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas (INEN), a cross-sectional study was carried out, including all EP cases recorded between 1998 and 2009. A revision of the clinical-pathological records indentified and a new reading of the pathology slides of the cases found were performed. 19 EP cases were found, the median age of which was 64 years (range: 37-98). EP was primarily found on male patients (57.9%) and was most commonly located on the foot (21.1%), followed by the head, thorax and thigh (15.8%, respectively). In one case, EP was located on the gluteal region, and showed an unusually invasive behavior and rectal involvement. We conclude that EP is a rather uncommon entity in Peru. Its most common location is on the foot and it affects mostly male patients for the most part.

  4. [Strategy to strengthen health research capabilities in regional public universities: the role of the Mining Canon and the Instituto Nacional de Salud].

    PubMed

    Romaní, Franco; Cabezas, César; Espinoza, Manuel; Minaya, Gabriela; Huaripata, José; Ureta, Juan Manuel; Yazuda, Myriam; Gastañaga, María del Carmen; Miraval, María Luz; Aparco, Juan Pablo; Anaya, Elizabeth; Castro, José; Esquivel, Silvia

    2012-01-01

    The development of scientific health research requires a sustained and articulated research system that is consistent with the research priorities, as well as both internal and external funding, and availability of competent human resources. The Mining Canon, a constitutional right, has been partly used to foster applied scientific research in public universities (PU). In addition, the National Health Institute (INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE SALUD - INS) is devoted, among others, to promoting, managing and disseminating health research development at a national level. As part of these activities, a technical team was created to provide technical assistance to PU for research development using Mining Canon funds by making local adjustments to research protocols promoted by the INS and assumed by the professors-researchers at the Universities. This article aims at describing the reality of research at Peruvian public universities that have access to Mining Canon funds, as well as to elaborate on the work the INS is carrying out in order to strengthen research capabilities, starting with the development of research proposals that could potentially be funded by the Mining Canon.

  5. [What patients think of the services of the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán"].

    PubMed

    Ruiz-González, C; Vargas-Vorácková, F; Castillo-Rentería, C; Pérez Pimentel, L; Martínez Mata, R A

    1990-01-01

    The quality of care has always been a subject of interest to the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán", in order to improve its services. This interest led to the present survey which aims to evaluate the patient's global satisfaction and to identify specific problems susceptible of improvement. One hundred and seventy-one patients or relatives attending eight different services of the Institute were interviewed. Opinions about the following aspects were explored by means of service-specific questionnaires: sociodemographic characteristics, satisfaction with care, waiting periods, patient-personnel relationship, hospital environment, food quality, drug availability and costs. Results of the survey show a high level of satisfaction with the services provided, i.e. 33% of the patients considered it good, and 64% excellent. However, and in agreement with other reports, this high level of satisfaction does not necessarily reflect an absence of problems, i.e. long waiting periods, insufficient restrooms, failures in getting information about their health status, and occasional absence of drugs in the pharmacy were identified. Continuation of this kind of surveys in our setting leads not only to the identification of problems, but also to the evaluation of the impact that resulting measures may have on the patient's satisfaction.

  6. [Clinico-pathological diagnostic agreement among 429 autopsies from the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    Angeles-Angeles, A; Quintanilla Martínez, L; Muñoz Fernández, L; Espinoza Vázquez, B; Victoría Peralta, P

    1992-01-01

    Comparison of clinical and autopsy findings of the cases studied between 1984 and 1988, were made at the Department of Pathology of the Instituto Nacional de la Nutricion Salvador Zubiran in Mexico City. The goal was to determine the accuracy of clinical diagnoses. The total number of cases was 429. A decreasing number of autopsies as a function of time was observed. Thus, in 1985, 34.65% of the deaths was autopsied, whereas in 1988, the number dropped to 21.16%, overall mean of 27.31%. In 229 autopsies (53.8%), 353 findings of clinical significance were found; of these, 86 were in the main diagnoses and 267 in the causes of death. There were 171 overdiagnoses with therapeutic implications, 38 in the main diagnoses and 133 in the causes of death. Overdiagnoses and underdiagnoses were most common in infectious diseases, followed by respiratory and digestive diseases, while endocrinologic and rheumatologic diseases had the highest diagnostic concordance. It was also found that the diagnostic accuracy did not improve with time of hospitalization. A brief analyses of the probable causes of the decrease in the number of autopsies is made. It is concluded that, in spite of the great advances in clinical and technological knowledge, the high frequency of disagreements between clinical and anatomical diagnoses, indicate that autopsy continues playing a key role in the quality control of medical practice. This justifies by itself the performance of necropsies.

  7. The collection and database of Birds of Angola hosted at IICT (Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical), Lisboa, Portugal

    PubMed Central

    Monteiro, Miguel; Reino, Luís; Beja, Pedro; Mills, Michael Stuart Lyne; Bastos-Silveira, Cristiane; Ramos, Manuela; Rodrigues, Diana; Neves, Isabel Queirós; Consciência, Susana; Figueira, Rui

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The bird collection of the Instituto de Investigação Cientítica Tropical (Lisbon, Portugal) holds 5598 preserved specimens (skins), mainly from Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, São Tomé and Principe, and Cape Verde. The subset collection from Angola includes 1560 specimens, which were taxonomically revised and georeferenced for the publication of this data paper. The collection contains a total of 522 taxa, including 161 species and 361 subspecies. Two species are classified by the IUCN Red List as Endangered - the wattled crane (Grus carunculata) and the Gabela bush-shrike (Laniarius amboimensis) - and two are classified as vulnerable - African penguin (Spheniscus demersus) and the white-headed vulture (Trigonoceps occipitalis). The temporal span of the database ranges between 1943 and 1979, but 32% are from years 1958–1959, and 25% from years 1968–1969. The spatial coverage of the collection is uneven, with 2/3 of the records representing only four of the eighteen provinces of the country, namely Huíla, Moxico, Namibe and Cuanza Sul. It adds, however, valuable information for the Huíla area of the Angolan Scarp, which is probably a biodiversity hotspot of global conservation priority. Furthermore, this georeferenced database adds invaluable bird information to the GBIF network, for one of the countries with highest but less known biodiversity in Africa. PMID:24693221

  8. Biosafety evaluation of the DNA extraction protocol for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex species, as implemented at the Instituto Nacional de Salud, Colombia.

    PubMed

    Castro, Claudia; González, Liliana; Rozo, Juan Carlos; Puerto, Gloria; Ribón, Wellman

    2009-12-01

    Manipulating Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical specimens and cultures represents a risk factor for laboratory personnel. One of the processes that requires high concentrations of microorganisms is DNA extraction for molecular procedures. Pulmonary tuberculosis cases have occurred among professionals in charge of molecular procedures that require manipulation of massive quantities of microorganisms. This has prompted research studies on biosafety aspects of extraction protocols; however, as yet, no consensus has been reached regarding risks associated with the process. The biosafety was evaluated for the DNA extraction protocol of van Soolingen, et al. 2002 by determining M. tuberculosis viability at each process stage. Eight hundred eighty cultures were grown from 220 M. tuberculosis clinical isolates that had been processed through the first three DNA extraction stages. Molecular identifications of positive cultures used a PCR isolation of a fragment of the heat shock protein PRA-hsp65 and examination of its restriction enzyme profile (spoligotyping). Growth was seen in one culture with one of the procedures used. The molecular characterization did not correspond to the initially analyzed isolate, and therefore was deduced to be the product of a cross-contamination. The DNA extraction protocol, as described by van Soolingen, et al. 2002 and as implemented at the Instituto Nacional de Salud, was established to be safe for laboratory personnel as well as for the environment.

  9. [Levels of dissatisfaction of external users of the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño (National Institute of Child Health) in Lima, Peru].

    PubMed

    Shimabuku, Roberto; Huicho, Luis; Fernández, Danitza; Nakachi, Graciela; Maldonado, Ruth; Barrientos, Armando

    2012-01-01

    To determine the changes in the levels of dissatisfaction of the external users of the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño, in Lima, Peru. Observational study based on a software to evaluate surveys completed by health care users (Software de Evaluación de Encuestas de Usuarios en Salud - SEEUS). The population consisted of every person accompanying external users to outpatient visits, inpatient visits or emergency treatment in the years 2008, 2009 and 2010. To calculate the sample size, last year's proportion of users dissatisfied with each service was used, with an estimated error of 5% at a 95% confidence level. A sample of 2051 people was obtained, which revealed a decreasing trend in the levels of dissatisfaction with outpatient visits, and an increased dissatisfaction in the medical capabilities dimension for hospitalization and emergency services. In addition, a dissatisfaction index lower than 0.20 was registered in the medical capabilities dimension for outpatient visits. In contrast, the highest dissatisfaction indexes were registered in the hygiene dimension for 2009 (0.25) and 2010 (0.25), and in the others dimension for emergency services in 2009 (0.25). The dimensions showing an increase in the dissatisfaction index were tangible aspects, hygiene and others for hospitalization and emergency services. On the other hand, the medical capabilities dimension for outpatient visits showed a decrease in the level of dissatisfaction over the evaluated period.

  10. [The Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade de São Paulo: a chapter in the emergence and firm establishment of the oceanographic sciences in Brazil, 1946-1969].

    PubMed

    Varela, Alex Gonçalves

    2014-01-01

    Historians of science have yet to study the process by which the oceanographic sciences emerged and became firmly established in Brazil. The main goal of this article is to offer a preliminary analysis of this process by focusing on the contribution of the Instituto Paulista de Oceanografia (Paulista Institute of Oceanography), Brazil's first institution for oceanographic research; it was founded in 1946 and became part of the University of São Paulo in 1951, at which time it was renamed the Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade de São Paulo (Oceanographic Institute of the University of São Paulo). The analysis centers on the role of three scientists who were on the facility's early research staff: Wladimir Besnard, Ingvar Emilsson, and Marta Vannucci.

  11. [Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary vascular complications hospitalized at the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño].

    PubMed

    Ormeño Julca, Alexis Jose; Alvarez Murillo, Carlos Melchor; Amoretti Alvino, Pedro Miguel; Florian Florian, Angel Aladino; Castro Johanson, Rosa Aurora; Celi Perez, Maria Danisa; Huamán Prado, Olga Rocío

    2017-01-01

    The hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) and portopulmonary hypertension (PPHN) are distinct pulmonary vascular complications of portal hypertension (PHT) and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. To describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary vascular complications hospitalized at the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. We included patients with HTP hospitalized from January 2012 to June 2013 and that during its evolution progressed with SHP or HTPP. For analysis, they were divided into a first group of patients with liver cirrhosis and a second group with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction. Of 22 patients with HPT 45.5% were male and the age range was between 1 month and 17 years. The etiology in the group of cirrhosis (n=14) was: autoimmune hepatitis (35.7%), cryptogenic cirrhosis (35.7%), inborn error of metabolism (14.3%), chronic viral hepatitis C (7.15%) virus and atresia extra-hepatic bile ducts (7.15%). Pulmonary vascular complications more frequently occurred in patients with liver cirrhosis (1 case of HPS and a case of PPHTN). They most often dyspnea, asthenia, edema, malnutrition, ascites, hypersplenism and gastrointestinal bleeding from esophageal varices was found. Also, they had elevated ALT values, alkaline phosphatase and serum albumin values decreased. In children with pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary vascular complications are rare. In the evaluation of these patients pulse oximetry should be included to detect hypoxemia and ubsequently a Doppler echocardiography and contrast echocardiography necessary. Dueto the finding of systolic pulmonary hypertension it is necessary to perform right heart catheterization.

  12. [Maxillofacial fractures and associated factors in Campeche Mexico, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social medical insurance policyholders. Retrospective analysis 1994-1999].

    PubMed

    Medina-Solis, Carlo Eduardo; Córdova-González, José Luis; Casanova-Rosado, Alejandro José; Zazueta-Hernández, Maria Alejandra

    2004-01-01

    To determine prevalence, distribution, and associated factors of maxillofacial fractures (MFs) among third-party insurance plan patients. A cross-sectional and descriptive study with data of patients from Oral and Maxilofacial Surgery Department (January 1994 to December-1999) at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Campeche, Mexico, was carried out. Daily registries, surgical programming lists' and charts of 1,611 patients were used to determine presence of MFs, age, sex, and status of the insured. Analysis was made in STATA 7 using X2. Odds ratio (OR) with confidence intervals to 95% were calculated (1C95%). The prevalence of MFs was 9.4%. The age average was 31.04+/-15.49 years old. The major percentage of MFs were dentoalveolar fractures (26.3%), followed by mandibular angle (20.4%) and mandibular body (13.2%). Being a male was strongly associated with presence of MFs (OR=6.1; 1C95% 4.08, 9.12). The groups of age with greater association to MFs were those of 41-50 (RM=3.30 1C95% 1.57, 6.96) and those of 31-40 (RM=2.87 1C95% 1.53, 5.55). The workers category displayed a superior association (RM=6.25 1C95% 3.21, 13.56) to the other groups of the insured category. The epidemiologic characteristics of MFs were similar to those reported in the specialized literature. Appearing mainly in men and intermediate age groups ages. The patterns of fractures in the studied patients were different according to the age group to which they belonged.

  13. [Small bowel tumors: experience at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán"].

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Ramón, A; Cerino-Palomino, V; Medina-Franco, H

    2012-01-01

    Malignant tumors of the small bowel are uncommon and include multiple histologic strains, which helps explain the existing limited understanding of them. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgically treated small bowel tumors and to determine the clinical and pathological characteristics that can have an impact on patient outcome. A retrospective, observational, and descriptive study was carried out. The case records of patients with small bowel tumor that were surgically treated at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán" from 1990 to August 2011 were analyzed using the SPSS version 17.0 statistical package. Thirty-eight small bowel tumor patients were found that had been operated on within the time frame studied. Fifteen of them were women (39.50%) and 23 were men (60.50%), and the mean age was 55.6 years. The histologic distribution was 13 adenocarcinomas (34.20%), 10 neuroendocrine tumors (26.30%), 8 sarcomas (21.10%) and 4 lymphomas (10.50%). There was an increase in the incidence of sarcomas and adenocarcinomas, whereas lymphomas and neuroendocrine tumors were evenly distributed. An increase in small bowel tumor incidence in the last few years was observed and adenocarcinoma was the most frequent tumor in the study population. It is important to have a high degree of suspicion for this disease when patients present with symptoms such as gastrointestinal bleeding, bowel obstruction, anemia, and weight loss, because early diagnosis is essential for guaranteeing favorable outcome. Copyright © 2012 Asociación Mexicana de Gastroenterología. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  14. [High dose chemotherapy with autologous stem-cell support in germ cell tumors: The Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil Series].

    PubMed

    Brito, Margarida; Sanchez, Pedro; Velho, Sónia; Miranda, Nuno; Leal da Costa, Fernando; Ferreira, Isabelina; Teixeira, Gilda; Guimarães, António; Abecasis, Manuel; Passos Coelho, J L

    2011-01-01

    High dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (HDCT-ASCT) has been administered to patients with high-risk germ cell tumours (GCT). The role of this treatment for GCT still remains unclear, including the identification of subgroups more likely to benefit from such strategy. A retrospective review was conducted of all male patients with gonadal and extra gonadal GCT treated with HDCT-ASCT between 1996 and 2008 at the Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil (IPOLFG). Twenty patients were treated with HDCT-ASCT, 17 with primary testicular tumours, two mediastinal and one retroperitoneal GCT. According to the International Germ Cell Cancer Consensus Group (IGCCCG) classification, at diagnosis three patients had good risk, four intermediate, eight poor but for the patients left the risk group could not be ascertained. In eight patients HDCT-ASCT was used upfront, after induction with first-line conventional chemotherapy, and in the remaining 12 for relapsed GCT. One patient had platinum-resistant and another platinum-refractory disease. Only two patients had Beyer score > 2. All but one patient were treated with ICE (Ifosfamide, Carboplatin, Etoposide). Six patients underwent a second HDCT-ASCT course. The 5-year overall survival and progression free survival were respectively 53% and 44%; both patients with mediastinal GCT are long term survivors. Randomized studies to date have failed to indicate a survival advantage for HDCT-ASCT in GCT. This series is small and heterogeneous which prevents us from drawing conclusions regarding the benefit of this treatment for GCT. However, we could confirm the lack of benefit of HDCT-ASCT for platinum-resistant GCT and to question the absolute contraindication to this therapeutic modality in mediastinal GCT. HDCT-ASCT should therefore be performed exclusively in experienced centers and, preferably, in the setting of clinical trials.

  15. Trypanosoma cruzi: seroprevalence detected in the blood bank of the Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, Mexico City, in the period 2004 through 2009.

    PubMed

    Escamilla-Guerrero, Guillermo; Martínez-Gordillo, Mario Noé; Riverón-Negrete, Leticia; Aguilar-Escobar, Dinora Virginia; Bravo-Lindoro, Amalia; Cob-Sosa, Carlos; Ponce-Macotela, Martha

    2012-03-01

    The second most common mode of Trypanosoma cruzi or Chagas disease transmission is via therapeutic blood transfusion. In Mexico, control of T. cruzi is still in its initial phase; in fact, there are only 14 studies published covering 10 states on T. cruzi seroprevalence in donated blood in Mexico. Here we present the results of 5 years of trypanosomiasis screening in the blood bank of the Instituto Nacional de Pediatría. Samples from all blood donated in the period from 2004 to 2009 were analyzed. We screened for T. cruzi using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. Seropositive samples were then processed using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect a nuclear gene segment. A total of 37,333 samples were analyzed and a 0.17% (64 samples) T. cruzi seroprevalence was found. Donors were mostly from Mexico State and Mexico City, which is considered nonendemic for T. cruzi area. Of 64 seropositive samples, only two tested positive by PCR (3.12%), which amplified a 189-bp product from nuclear gene from the parasite. Although the seroprevalence of T. cruzi infection was low, this surveillance program prevented the infection of more than 100 children because each unit of blood provides 2.6 to 3.5 blood products. The majority of the donors were from Mexico State and Mexico City, which is a nonendemic area. The serodetection of T. cruzi in this region is evidence that is necessary to increase our understanding of its distribution in the Mexico City and surrounding places. © 2011 American Association of Blood Banks.

  16. Instituto Geografico Nacional of Spain

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colomer, Francisco; Garcia-Espada, Susana; Gomez-Gonzalez, Jesus; Lopez-Fernandez, Jose Antonio; Santamaria-Gomez, Alvaro; De Vicente, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    This report updates the description of the space geodesy facilities of the Spanish National Geographic Institute (IGN). The current 40-meter radio telescope at Yebes, a network station for IVS, has performed geodetic VLBI observations regularly since September 2008. In addition to this, the project to establish an Atlantic Network of Geodynamical and Space Stations (RAEGE) is progressing with the construction of the first antenna, which is being erected at Yebes.

  17. Mineralogy and instrumental neutron activation analysis of seven National Bureau of Standards and three Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnologicas clay reference samples

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hosterman, John W.; Flanagan, F.J.; Bragg, Anne; Doughten, M.W.; Filby, R.H.; Grimm, Catherine; Mee, J.S.; Potts, P.J.; Rogers, N.W.

    1987-01-01

    The concentrations of 3 oxides and 29 elements in 7 National Bureau of Standards (NBS) and 3 Instituto de Pesquisas Techno16gicas (IPT) reference clay samples were etermined by instrumental neutron activation analysis. The analytical work was designed to test the homogeneity of constituents in three new NBS reference clays, NBS-97b, NBS-98b, and NBS-679. The analyses of variance of 276 sets of data for these three standards show that the constituents are distributed homogeneously among bottles of samples for 94 percent of the sets of data. Three of the reference samples (NBS-97, NBS-97a, and NBS-97b) are flint clays; four of the samples (NBS-98, NBS-98a, NBS-98b, and IPT-32) are plastic clays, and three of the samples (NBS-679, IPT-28, and IPT-42) are miscellaneous clays (both sedimentary and residual). Seven clays are predominantly kaolinite; the other three clays contain illite and kaolinite in the approximate ratio 3:2. Seven clays contain quartz as the major nonclay mineral. The mineralogy of the flint and plastic clays from Missouri (NBS-97a and NBS-98a) differs markedly from that of the flint and plastic clays from Pennsylvania (NBS-97, NBS-97b, NBS-98, and NBS-98b). The flint clay NBS-97 has higher average chromium, hafnium, lithium, and zirconium contents than its replacement, reference sample NBS-97b. The differences between the plastic clay NBS-98 and its replacement, NBS-98b, are not as pronounced. The trace element contents of the flint and plastic clays from Missouri, NBS-97a and NBS-98a, differ significantly from those of the clays from Pennsylvania, especially the average rare earth element (REE) contents. The trace element contents of clay sample IPT-32 differ from those of the other plastic clays. IPT-28 and IPT-42 have some average trace element contents that differ not only between these two samples but also from all the other clays. IPT-28 has the highest summation of the average REE contents of the 10 samples. The uranium content of NBS-98a, 46

  18. Frequency of cancer in children residing in Mexico City and treated in the hospitals of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (1996–2001)

    PubMed Central

    Juárez-Ocaña, Servando; González-Miranda, Guadalupe; Mejía-Aranguré, Juan Manuel; Rendón-Macías, Mario Enrique; Martínez-García, María del Carmen; Fajardo-Gutiérrez, Arturo

    2004-01-01

    Background The objective of this article is to present the frequency of cancer in Mexican children who were treated in the hospitals of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Mexico City (IMSS-MC) in the period 1996–2001. Methods The Registry of Cancer in Children, started in 1996 in the IMSS-MC, is an on-going, prospective register. The data from 1996 through 2001 were analyzed and the different types of cancer were grouped according to the International Classification for Cancer in Children (ICCC). From this analysis, the general and specific frequencies by age and by sex were obtained for the different groups of neoplasms. Also, the frequency of the stage of the disease that had been diagnosed in cases of children with solid tumors was obtained. Results A total of 1,702 new cases of children with cancer were registered, with the male/female ratio at 1.1/1. Leukemias had the highest frequency with 784 cases (46.1%) and, of these, acute lymphoblastic leukemias were the most prevalent with 614 cases (78.3%). Thereafter, in descending order of frequency, were tumors of the central nervous system (CNST) with 197 cases (11.6%), lymphomas with 194 cases (11.4%), germinal cell tumors with 110 cases (6.5%), and bone tumors with 97 cases (5.7%). The highest frequency of cancer was found in the group of one to four year-olds that had 627 cases (36.8%). In all the age groups, leukemias were the most frequent. In the present work, the frequency of Hodgkin's disease (~4%) was found to be lower than that (~10%) in previous studies and the frequency of tumors of the sympathetic nervous system was low (2.3%). Of those cases of solid tumors for which the stage of the disease had been determined, 66.9% were diagnosed as being Stage III or IV. Conclusions The principal cancers in the children treated in the IMSS-MC were leukemias, CNST, and lymphomas, consistent with those reported by developed countries. A 2.5-fold reduction in the frequency of Hodgkin's disease was found

  19. Frequency of cancer in children residing in Mexico City and treated in the hospitals of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (1996-2001).

    PubMed

    Juárez-Ocaña, Servando; González-Miranda, Guadalupe; Mejía-Aranguré, Juan Manuel; Rendón-Macías, Mario Enrique; Martínez-García, María del Carmen; Fajardo-Gutiérrez, Arturo

    2004-08-13

    The objective of this article is to present the frequency of cancer in Mexican children who were treated in the hospitals of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Mexico City (IMSS-MC) in the period 1996-2001. The Registry of Cancer in Children, started in 1996 in the IMSS-MC, is an on-going, prospective register. The data from 1996 through 2001 were analyzed and the different types of cancer were grouped according to the International Classification for Cancer in Children (ICCC). From this analysis, the general and specific frequencies by age and by sex were obtained for the different groups of neoplasms. Also, the frequency of the stage of the disease that had been diagnosed in cases of children with solid tumors was obtained. A total of 1,702 new cases of children with cancer were registered, with the male/female ratio at 1.1/1. Leukemias had the highest frequency with 784 cases (46.1%) and, of these, acute lymphoblastic leukemias were the most prevalent with 614 cases (78.3%). Thereafter, in descending order of frequency, were tumors of the central nervous system (CNST) with 197 cases (11.6%), lymphomas with 194 cases (11.4%), germinal cell tumors with 110 cases (6.5%), and bone tumors with 97 cases (5.7%). The highest frequency of cancer was found in the group of one to four year-olds that had 627 cases (36.8%). In all the age groups, leukemias were the most frequent. In the present work, the frequency of Hodgkin's disease (~4%) was found to be lower than that (~10%) in previous studies and the frequency of tumors of the sympathetic nervous system was low (2.3%). Of those cases of solid tumors for which the stage of the disease had been determined, 66.9% were diagnosed as being Stage III or IV. The principal cancers in the children treated in the IMSS-MC were leukemias, CNST, and lymphomas, consistent with those reported by developed countries. A 2.5-fold reduction in the frequency of Hodgkin's disease was found. Of the children, the stage of whose

  20. Clinical, radiologic, and endoscopic characteristics upon diagnosis of patients with prehepatic portal hypertension at the Instituto Nacional de Pediatría from 2001 to 2011.

    PubMed

    Zárate Mondragón, F; Romero Trujillo, J O; Cervantes Bustamante, R; Mora Tiscareño, M A; Montijo Barrios, E; Cadena León, J F; Cázares Méndez, M; Toro Monjaraz, E M; Ramírez Mayans, J

    2014-01-01

    Prehepatic portal hypertension in children can be asymptomatic for many years. Once diagnosed, the therapeutic measures (pharmacologic, endoscopic, and surgical) are conditioned by the specific characteristics of each patient. In Mexico, there are no recorded data on the incidence of the disease and patient characteristics. To determine the main clinical, radiologic, and endoscopic characteristics upon diagnosis of these patients at the Instituto Nacional de Pediatría within the time frame of January 2001 and December 2011. A cross-sectional, retrolective, descriptive, and observational study was conducted in which all the medical records of the patients with portal hypertension diagnosis were reviewed. There was a greater prevalence of prehepatic etiology (32/52) (61.5%) in the portal hypertension cases reviewed. Males (62.5%) predominated and 11 of the 32 patients were under 4 years of age. The primary reason for medical consultation was upper digestive tract bleeding with anemia (71.9%) and the main pathology was cavernomatous degeneration of the portal vein (65.6%). Splenoportography was carried out on 17 of the 32 patients. A total of 65.5% of the patients received the combination therapy of propranolol and a proton pump inhibitor. Initial endoscopy revealed esophageal varices in 96.9% of the patients, 12 of whom presented with gastroesophageal varices. Congestive gastropathy was found in 75% of the patients. The varices were ligated in 8 cases, sclerotherapy for esophageal varices was carried out in 5 cases (15.6%), and sclerotherapy for gastric varices was performed in 2 patients. Seventeen patients (53.1%) underwent portosystemic diversion: 10 of the procedures employed a mesocaval shunt and 7 a splenorenal shunt. Nine patients (28.1%) underwent total splenectomy. The primary cause of the disease was cavernomatous degeneration of the portal vein; it was predominant in males and the first symptom was variceal bleeding. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Mexicana

  1. [Scientific charity: Moncorvo Filho and the Instituto de Proteção e Assistência à Infância of Rio de Janeiro (1899-1930)].

    PubMed

    Freire, Maria Martha de Luna; Leony, Vinícius da Silva

    2011-12-01

    The article follows the trajectory of Doctor Arthur Moncorvo Filho and the Instituto de Proteção e Assistência à Infância, an organization that he founded in Rio de Janeiro in 1899. It examines them within the context of the construction of Brazil's institutional network in the field of children's health assistance in the first half of the twentieth century, a process that combined philanthropic activities, scientific practices, and public investments. This philanthropic physician played a model role, as he conjoined assistance activities with the application of innovative medical techniques and proposed or called for public policies that targeted motherhood and children.

  2. [Low vision service at the Instituto Brasileiro de Oftalmologia e Prevenção da Cegueira (IBOPC): analysis of the patients examined on the first year of the department (2004)].

    PubMed

    Silva, Ana Maria Tavares da Costa Pinto; Matos, Marta Hercog Batista Rebelo de; Lima, Humberto de Castro

    2010-01-01

    To outline low vision (LV) patients profile of the low vision department of the Instituto Brasileiro de Oftalmologia e Prevenção da Cegueira (IBOPC). Transversal study of 82 medical charts from the low vision service at the Instituto Brasileiro de Oftalmologia e Prevenção da Cegueira of the first year of the department--2004, considering age, gender, etiology, distance and near visual acuity with and without optical aids and prescription assistance. Of the 82 available patients, 11 (13.4%) were excluded of the study because they did not present low vision. Of the 71 patients, 32 (45%) were younger than 20 years old. Regarding the gender, there was not a significant difference (51% female and 49% male). The most frequent etiology in infants and adolescents was congenital glaucoma and in patients aged between 20-39 years was ocular toxoplasmosis (21.1%). In patients with 40-59 years old, pigmentary retinosis was the most frequently pathology (19%). In elderly people it was glaucoma (49%). Thirty-three patients (40.2%) had visual acuity between 20/60 and 20/160. The telescopic system was the only optical aid indicated for distance (44%) and glasses were the most indicated for near (54.5%). There is a high prevalence of low vision in infants and adolescents that live in developing countries like Brazil. Therefore, ophthalmologists need to be aware to promote early diagnosis and treatment to these patients, creating preventive programs and better assistance conditions.

  3. [Prevalence of chronic urticaria of autoimmune origin at the Regional Hospital Adolfo López Mateos].

    PubMed

    Jiménez Saab, Nayeli Gabriela; Goméz Vera, Javier; López Tiro, José Jesús; Salas Pérez, Gabriela; López Islas, Inés; Pliego Reyes, Carlos Lenin

    2006-01-01

    Chronic urticaria is a common skin disorder characterized by recurrent, transitory, itchy wheals with individual lesions lasting less than 24 hours and affecting patients for six weeks or longer. In adults it has been shown that approximately 40% of the patients with chronic urticaria have autoimmune urticaria. To determine the prevalence of autoimmune urticaria in adults with chronic urticaria. We studied adult patients with chronic urticaria by means of autologous serum skin test (ASST), and by antinuclear and antithyroid (antityroglobulin, antiperoxidase) antibodies. We compared them with a group matched by sex and age. We included 68 patients: 34 cases (patients with chronic urticaria) and 34 controls (healthy individuals). In the cases we found high levels of TSH (p = 0.003) and positive autologous serum skin test (p = 0.04), while in the controls we observed a statistically significant difference of the levels of antithyroid antibodies (p = 0.002). The prevalence of autoantibodies (antithyroid or by autologous serum) was present in 55 and 44% of the patients with chronic urticaria. Autoimmunity is one of the most common causes of chronic urticaria; it may explain the pathogenesis in half of the studied cases.

  4. Adolfo J. de Bold PhD OC FRSC: a pioneer in cardiovascular medicine.

    PubMed

    Braunwald, Eugene

    2015-11-01

    Eugene Braunwald MD discusses the discovery of the Natriuretic Peptide System by A J de Bold, which as a consequence, made it possible for the Federal Drug Administration to approve the first ARNi on 7 July 2015.

  5. [The training of public school cafeteria staff: an analysis of the instructional material developed by Instituto de Nutrição Annes Dias - Rio de Janeiro (1956-1994)].

    PubMed

    Costa, Ester de Queirós; Lima, Eronides da Silva; Ribeiro, Vitória Maria Brant

    2002-01-01

    The present study aims at analyzing educational approaches in the training of public school cafeteria staff members from 1956 to 1994 through the study 17 instructions brochures developed by Instituto de Nutrição Annes Dias in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The analysis of the documents has considered two periods: the first one, from 1956 to 1971, is characterized by the foundation of the institute and its first training activities; the second period goes from 1972 to 1994, which is characterized by the consolidation of the institute's organizational structure and the presence of educational concepts in its training activities. Training focused on technical aspects and recurrently alluded to hygiene and organization. Discussions on the training of school cafeteria staff members should define what kind of workers is expected before defining what skills and abilities they are expected to develop.

  6. From 1.5 Meters to 10.4 Meters in 20 Years: Technological Evolution at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias in the Development of Infrared Instrumentation for Terrestrial Telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caicoya, P. G. R.; Cabrera, M. B.; Izquierdo, P. F.; Patrón, J.; Sánchez de La Rosa, V.; Sangines, F. T.

    This paper reviews the evolution of the technical development of infrared instrumentation for terrestrial telescopes at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC). The three most representative instruments, CAIN (installed on the 1.5 m Carlos Sánchez Telescope), LIRIS (on the 4.2 m William Herschel Telescope), and EMIR (on the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias) are described and compared. Each project entailed an improvement and a technological advance in relation to its predecessor. Larger optical beams brought larger lenses, larger mechanisms to hold them, stiffer and more massive support structures, and a scale factor upgrade of their cryostats. The evolution of infrared projects has been closely linked to the development of the manufacturing, assembly, integration and verification facilities at the IAC and has also had a strong influence on management techniques. As an indication of the growth in complexity of projects over time, this paper highlights the framework of available human resources, established consortia, timing and costs associated with the three instruments.

  7. The collection of birds from São Tomé and Príncipe at the Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical of the University of Lisbon (Portugal).

    PubMed

    Monteiro, Miguel; Reino, Luís; Melo, Martim; Beja, Pedro; Bastos-Silveira, Cristiane; Ramos, Manuela; Rodrigues, Diana; Neves, Isabel Queirós; Consciência, Susana; Figueira, Rui

    2016-01-01

    The former Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical-IICT (Lisbon, Portugal), recently integrated into the University of Lisbon, gathers important natural history collections from Portuguese-speaking African countries. In this study, we describe the bird collection from the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, which was fully taxonomically checked and georeferenced. The IICT bird collection contains 5598 specimens, of which 559 are from São Tomé and Príncipe, representing 85 taxa, including 19 endemic species and 13 endemic subspecies of birds. The specimens were collected between 1946 and 1973, although 43% of the records are from 1954 and 45% are from 1970. The geographic distribution of samples covers the whole territory, with a higher number of records from São Tomé than from Príncipe. The districts with highest number of records are Pagué (equivalent to Príncipe Island), and Água Grande and Mé-Zochi on São Tomé. Despite the relatively low number of specimens per taxon, the importance of the collection is considerable due to the high number of endemic and threatened species represented. Furthermore, it adds valuable information to the GBIF network, especially for a country whose two islands are each an Endemic Bird Area and for which substantial gaps in ornithological knowledge remain.

  8. The collection of birds from São Tomé and Príncipe at the Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical of the University of Lisbon (Portugal)

    PubMed Central

    Monteiro, Miguel; Reino, Luís; Melo, Martim; Beja, Pedro; Bastos-Silveira, Cristiane; Ramos, Manuela; Rodrigues, Diana; Neves, Isabel Queirós; Consciência, Susana; Figueira, Rui

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The former Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical-IICT (Lisbon, Portugal), recently integrated into the University of Lisbon, gathers important natural history collections from Portuguese-speaking African countries. In this study, we describe the bird collection from the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, which was fully taxonomically checked and georeferenced. The IICT bird collection contains 5598 specimens, of which 559 are from São Tomé and Príncipe, representing 85 taxa, including 19 endemic species and 13 endemic subspecies of birds. The specimens were collected between 1946 and 1973, although 43% of the records are from 1954 and 45% are from 1970. The geographic distribution of samples covers the whole territory, with a higher number of records from São Tomé than from Príncipe. The districts with highest number of records are Pagué (equivalent to Príncipe Island), and Água Grande and Mé-Zochi on São Tomé. Despite the relatively low number of specimens per taxon, the importance of the collection is considerable due to the high number of endemic and threatened species represented. Furthermore, it adds valuable information to the GBIF network, especially for a country whose two islands are each an Endemic Bird Area and for which substantial gaps in ornithological knowledge remain. PMID:27408605

  9. Some socioeconomic characteristics of acute myocardial infarction patients in the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Comparison of two decades: 1954-1964 and 1997-2007.

    PubMed

    Cárdenas, Manuel; Vallejo, Maite

    2011-01-01

    0BJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare some social and economic conditions of patients with myocardial infarction (AMI), admitted to the Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia Ignacio Chávez (INC-ICh), in two decades: 1954-1964 vs. 1997-2007. an observational and retrospective study was carried out. All discharged patients between 1997-2007 with AMI diagnosis according to International Statistical Classification of Disease 10th Revision codes I 21 - I 21.9 were included. Information about age, sex, marital status, socioeconomic level, occupation and current address were obtained from the patient's file. The findings were compared with a previous published paper from 1954-64. The number of AMI cases increased five times between both decades, and significant changes were observed in occupational activity and in the socioeconomic level. Some social and economic factors have changed over the years; however, age and gender of patients with AMI are variables that did not showed significant changes: most young patients are male, and women are older when they have a fist AMI.

  10. Cost-effectiveness analysis for joint pain treatment in patients with osteoarthritis treated at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS): Comparison of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) vs. cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors

    PubMed Central

    Contreras-Hernández, Iris; Mould-Quevedo, Joaquín F; Torres-González, Rubén; Goycochea-Robles, María Victoria; Pacheco-Domínguez, Reyna Lizette; Sánchez-García, Sergio; Mejía-Aranguré, Juan Manuel; Garduño-Espinosa, Juan

    2008-01-01

    Background Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the main causes of disability worldwide, especially in persons >55 years of age. Currently, controversy remains about the best therapeutic alternative for this disease when evaluated from a cost-effectiveness viewpoint. For Social Security Institutions in developing countries, it is very important to assess what drugs may decrease the subsequent use of medical care resources, considering their adverse events that are known to have a significant increase in medical care costs of patients with OA. Three treatment alternatives were compared: celecoxib (200 mg twice daily), non-selective NSAIDs (naproxen, 500 mg twice daily; diclofenac, 100 mg twice daily; and piroxicam, 20 mg/day) and acetaminophen, 1000 mg twice daily. The aim of this study was to identify the most cost-effective first-choice pharmacological treatment for the control of joint pain secondary to OA in patients treated at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Methods A cost-effectiveness assessment was carried out. A systematic review of the literature was performed to obtain transition probabilities. In order to evaluate analysis robustness, one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted. Estimations were done for a 6-month period. Results Treatment demonstrating the best cost-effectiveness results [lowest cost-effectiveness ratio $17.5 pesos/patient ($1.75 USD)] was celecoxib. According to the one-way sensitivity analysis, celecoxib would need to markedly decrease its effectiveness in order for it to not be the optimal treatment option. In the probabilistic analysis, both in the construction of the acceptability curves and in the estimation of net economic benefits, the most cost-effective option was celecoxib. Conclusion From a Mexican institutional perspective and probably in other Social Security Institutions in similar developing countries, the most cost-effective option for treatment of knee and/or hip OA would be celecoxib. PMID

  11. Cost-effectiveness analysis for joint pain treatment in patients with osteoarthritis treated at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS): Comparison of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) vs. cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Contreras-Hernández, Iris; Mould-Quevedo, Joaquín F; Torres-González, Rubén; Goycochea-Robles, María Victoria; Pacheco-Domínguez, Reyna Lizette; Sánchez-García, Sergio; Mejía-Aranguré, Juan Manuel; Garduño-Espinosa, Juan

    2008-11-12

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the main causes of disability worldwide, especially in persons >55 years of age. Currently, controversy remains about the best therapeutic alternative for this disease when evaluated from a cost-effectiveness viewpoint. For Social Security Institutions in developing countries, it is very important to assess what drugs may decrease the subsequent use of medical care resources, considering their adverse events that are known to have a significant increase in medical care costs of patients with OA. Three treatment alternatives were compared: celecoxib (200 mg twice daily), non-selective NSAIDs (naproxen, 500 mg twice daily; diclofenac, 100 mg twice daily; and piroxicam, 20 mg/day) and acetaminophen, 1000 mg twice daily. The aim of this study was to identify the most cost-effective first-choice pharmacological treatment for the control of joint pain secondary to OA in patients treated at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). A cost-effectiveness assessment was carried out. A systematic review of the literature was performed to obtain transition probabilities. In order to evaluate analysis robustness, one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted. Estimations were done for a 6-month period. Treatment demonstrating the best cost-effectiveness results [lowest cost-effectiveness ratio $17.5 pesos/patient ($1.75 USD)] was celecoxib. According to the one-way sensitivity analysis, celecoxib would need to markedly decrease its effectiveness in order for it to not be the optimal treatment option. In the probabilistic analysis, both in the construction of the acceptability curves and in the estimation of net economic benefits, the most cost-effective option was celecoxib. From a Mexican institutional perspective and probably in other Social Security Institutions in similar developing countries, the most cost-effective option for treatment of knee and/or hip OA would be celecoxib.

  12. Inflammatory fibroid polyp of the gastrointestinal tract: 10 years of experience at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán.

    PubMed

    Romano-Munive, A F; Barreto-Zuñiga, R; Rumoroso-García, J A; Ramos-Martínez, P

    2016-01-01

    Inflammatory fibroid polyp (lFP) is a rare, benign, and solitary neoplasm predominantly located in the gastric antrum and small bowel. Its clinical symptoms are heterogeneous and essentially depend on the location and size of the tumor. Definitive diagnosis is made through histopathology and this pathology has excellent long-term prognosis. To identify the cases of IFP seen at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán over a 10-year period. A retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study was conducted that included patients with histopathologic diagnosis of IFP within the time frame of January 2001 and December 2011. Six cases were found and 5/6 (83.3%) of them were women. The median age was 41 years (minimum-maximum range of 19-56 years). The most frequent symptoms were weight loss (n=3), fever (n=2), nausea (n=2), and vomiting (n=2). Three patients presented with iron deficiency anemia and 2 cases with intussusception. The IFPs were located at the following sites: esophagus (n=1), stomach (n=2), small bowel (n=2), and colon (n=1). Treatment was surgical in 5/6 (83.3%) of the patients. IFPs are extremely rare in our population. They usually present with weight loss and iron deficiency anemia and are more frequently located in the stomach and small bowel. This is the largest reported IFP case series in a Mexican population. Copyright © 2016 Asociación Mexicana de Gastroenterología. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  13. [Percutaneous coronary intervention of unprotected left main coronary compared with coronary artery bypass grafting; a 3 years experience in the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología de México].

    PubMed

    López-Aguilar, Carlos; Abundes-Velasco, Arturo; Eid-Lidt, Guering; Piña-Reyna, Yigal; Gaspar-Hernández, Jorge

    2016-08-20

    The best revascularization method of the unprotected left main is a current and evolving topic. Within 3 years, 2439 percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) were registered. We included all the patients with PCI of the unprotected left main, n=48 and matched with patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), n=50. Mayor adverse cerebral-cardiac events (MACCE) were assessed in-hospital and out-hospital during a 16 months follow up. PCI showed higher risk profile that CABG group; logEuroSCORE 16±21 vs. 5±6, p=0.001; clinical Syntax 77±74 vs 53±39, p=0.04. In-hospital MACCE (14% vs 18%, p= 0.64) were similar. The post-procedure ST myocardial infarction was less frequent in with PCI (0 vs 10%), p=0.03. The PCI group showed less MACCE (2.3% vs 18%, p=0.01) and a favorable trend in death (2.3% vs 12%, p=0.08) and cardiac death (2.3% vs. 8%, p=0.24) when patients presenting with cardiogenic shock were excluded. MACCE were comparable between PCI and CABG groups; (15 vs 12%, p=0.46) in the out-hospital phase. Survival without MACCE, death or cardiac death were comparable between groups (log rank, p=0.38, p=0.44 y p=0.16). Even though the clinical and peri-procedural risk profile of the PCI patients were higher, the in-hospital and out-hospital efficacy and safety were comparable with CABG. Copyright © 2016 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  14. Breeding sites of Culicoides pachymerus Lutz in the Magdalena River basin, Colombia.

    PubMed

    Carrasquilla, María Cristina; Guhl, Felipe; Zipa, Yaneth; Ferro, Cristina; Pardo, Raúl Hernando; Cabrera, Olga Lucía; Santamaría, Erika

    2010-03-01

    The breeding sites of Culicoides pachymerus are described for the first time in western Boyacá Province, Colombia, where this species is a public health problem. In addition to being a nuisance due to its enormous density and its high biting rates, C. pachymerus cause dermatological problems in the human population. Analysis of microhabitats by the sugar flotation technique and the use of emergence traps allowed us to recover 155 larvae of Culicoides spp and 65 adults of C. pachymerus from peridomiciliary muddy substrates formed by springs of water and constant rainwater accumulation. These important findings could aid in the design of integrated control measures against this pest.

  15. Test Reviews: Loranger, A. W. (2001). "OMNI Personality Inventory." Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guess, Pamela

    2006-01-01

    The OMNI Personality Inventory (OMNI) is a self-report questionnaire designed for use with adolescents and adults between 18 and 74 years of age. The questionnaire is not based on a particular theory, consistent with current trends in test development, according to the author. An abbreviated form of the OMNI, the OMNI-IV Personality Disorder…

  16. Tribute to P. L. Lutz: respiratory ecophysiology of coral-reef teleosts.

    PubMed

    Nilsson, Göran E; Hobbs, Jean-Paul A; Ostlund-Nilsson, Sara

    2007-05-01

    One of the most diverse vertebrate communities is found on tropical coral reefs. Coral-reef fishes are not only remarkable in color and shape, but also in several aspects of physiological performance. Early in life, at the end of the pelagic larval stage, coral-reef fishes are the fastest swimmers of all fishes in relation to body size, and show the highest specific rates of maximum oxygen uptake. Upon settling on the reef, coral-reef fishes have to adopt a demersal lifestyle, which involves coping with a habitat that can become severely hypoxic, and some fishes may even have to rely on air breathing when their coral homes become air exposed. Oxygen availability appears to be a major ambient selection pressure, making respiratory function a key factor for survival on coral reefs. Consequently, hypoxia tolerance is widespread among coral-reef fishes. Hypoxia can even be a factor to gamble with for those fishes that are mouthbrooders, or a factor that the coral inhabitants may actively seek to reduce by sleep-swimming at night. Here, we summarize the present knowledge of the respiratory ecophysiology of coral-reef teleosts. From an ecophysiological perspective, the coral reef is an exciting and largely unexplored system for testing existing hypotheses and making new discoveries.

  17. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Galaxies and QSOs FIR size and surface brightness (Lutz+, 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lutz, D.; Berta, S.; Contursi, A.; Forster Schreiber, N. M.; Genzel, R.; Gracia-Carpio, J.; Herrera-Camus, R.; Netzer, H.; Sturm, E.; Tacconi, L. J.; Tadaki, K.; Veilleux, S.

    2016-08-01

    We use 70, 100, and 160um images from scan maps obtained with PACS on board Herschel, collecting archival data from various projects. In order to cover a wide range of galaxy properties, we first obtain an IR-selected local sample ranging from normal galaxies up to (ultra)luminous infrared galaxies. For that purpose, we searched the Herschel archive for all cz>=2000km/s objects from the IRAS Revised Bright Galaxy Sample (RBGS, Sanders et al., 2003, Cat. J/AJ/126/1607). (1 data file).

  18. Test Reviews: Loranger, A. W. (2001). "OMNI Personality Inventory." Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guess, Pamela

    2006-01-01

    The OMNI Personality Inventory (OMNI) is a self-report questionnaire designed for use with adolescents and adults between 18 and 74 years of age. The questionnaire is not based on a particular theory, consistent with current trends in test development, according to the author. An abbreviated form of the OMNI, the OMNI-IV Personality Disorder…

  19. Illustrated and online catalog of type specimens of freshwater fishes in the Colección de Peces Dulceacuícolas of Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (IAvH-P), Colombia.

    PubMed

    Donascimiento, Carlos; Cárdenas-Bautista, Johann-Stephens; Acosta, Kevin Giancarlo Borja; González-Alvarado, Arturo; Medina, Claudia A

    2016-09-29

    The catalog of type specimens of freshwater fishes deposited in the Colección de Peces Dulceacuícolas del Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (IAvH-P) is presented. This list includes 483 specimens in 65 lots representing 11 holotypes and 472 paratypes of 48 nominal species. Corrections, additions, and updating of information in the original descriptions are included in individual remarks for each catalog number entry and a gallery of pictures of holotypes or paratypes of each nominal species is also presented, which supplements some original descriptions lacking figures of their respective types. An online version of the catalog is available at http://humboldt.org.co/en/servicios/colecciones-biologicas/catalogo-de-tipos.

  20. Checklist of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) primary types of the Coleção Entomológica Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil, and of the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Pará, Belém, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Monné, Miguel A; Almeida, Lucia M; Oliveira, Marcio L; Viana, Jéssica Herzog; Monné, Marcela L

    2017-01-17

    The primary types of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) deposited in the Coleção Entomológica Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil (DZUP), Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil (INPA), and in the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Pará, Belém,Brazil (MPEG) are catalogued. There are 54 primary types of Cerambycidae in the DZUP, 48 in the INPA, and 25 in the MPEG.

  1. Test Review: Schneller, J. (2005). "Psychosocial Evaluation and Threat Risk Assessment (PETRA)." Lutz, FL--Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Jeremy R.; Holcomb, Michelle R.

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a review of the "Psychosocial Evaluation and Threat Risk Assessment" (PETRA), a 60-item self-report instrument "designed to address the psychosocial characteristics most commonly associated with acts of school violence" among middle school and high school students ages 11 to 18 years. The PETRA was…

  2. Test Reviews: Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. (2003). "RIAS: Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales." Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Jac J. W.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author reviews the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS), an individually administered test of intelligence appropriate for ages 3 through 94 years with a conormed, supplemental measure of memory. The RIAS should be administered by examiners who have formal training in assessment. In this regard, the RIAS is a…

  3. Test Review: Bracken, B. A., & Keith, L. K. (2004). "Clinical Assessment of Behavior." Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beran, Tanya N.

    2006-01-01

    The Clinical Assessment of Behavior (CAB) is designed to assess both adaptive and problematic behaviors of children and adolescents from age 2 to 18 years. It can be individually or group administered, measures behaviors in different contexts, and includes both parent and teacher forms. The test was developed to be consistent with current…

  4. Test Review: Abidin, R. R. (2012) "Parenting Stress Index, Fourth Edition" ("PSI-4"). Lutz, Florida: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Alyce O.

    2015-01-01

    The "Parenting Stress Index, Fourth Edition" (PSI-4) is a 120-item measure used to explore parental stress levels considering a parent's relationship with one of his or her children between the ages of 1 month and 12 years. The main purpose of the test is to define these stress levels and from where they originate in order to identify…

  5. Test Review: Bracken, B. A., & Keith, L. K. (2004). "Clinical Assessment of Behavior." Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beran, Tanya N.

    2006-01-01

    The Clinical Assessment of Behavior (CAB) is designed to assess both adaptive and problematic behaviors of children and adolescents from age 2 to 18 years. It can be individually or group administered, measures behaviors in different contexts, and includes both parent and teacher forms. The test was developed to be consistent with current…

  6. Leishmaniasis in Bolivia. I. Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) as the vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Los Yungas.

    PubMed

    Le Pont, F; Desjeux, P

    1985-01-01

    A relatively high leishmanial infection rate was found in the phlebotomine sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis collected from three villages of the Los Yungas region (Department of La Paz, Bolivia). 2,578 female sandflies were dissected. In three houses surveyed in Santa Barbara promastigote infection rates of Lu. longipalpis were 4.2, 2.2 and 3.2% respectively. Anatomical localization of the infection in the insect, and biochemical characterization of the strains indicate that the parasite belongs to the Leishmania donovani complex. The geographical area and the biotopes of Lu. longipalpis are discussed in relation to the vector-parasite relationship.

  7. Managing white and Lutz spruce stands in south-central Alaska for increased resistance to spruce beetle.

    Treesearch

    J.S. Hard; E.H. Holsten

    1985-01-01

    Thinning is recommended for maintaining vigorous tree growth to minimize losses caused by spruce beetles (Dendroctonus rufipenni Kirby) and windthrow in residual stands of spruce in south-central Alaska. The anatomy of conifer stems, the variation in stem diameter growth, and the variability of tree response to wounding are discussed to explain why...

  8. Effects of a fire on a population of treefrogs (Scinax cf. alter, Lutz) in a restinga habitat in southern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Rocha, C F D; Ariani, C V; Menezes, V A; Vrcibradic, D

    2008-08-01

    The area of the Dunas da Joaquina, in Santa Catarina island, contains one of the most important remnants of restinga habitat in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. In December 2003, a fire occurred in a portion of this area, affecting most of the vegetation, including the bromeliad community. In this study, the density of individuals and the diet composition of the bromelicolous treefrog Scinax cf. alter were compared between the area affected by the fire and an adjacent unburned area. One-hundred-and-fifty-eight ground bromeliads (Vriesea friburguensis) were dissected and searched for the presence of treefrogs among their leaves. We found 30 frogs in 29.5% (23/78) of the bromeliads from the unburned site, with a mean of 1.3 frogs per rosette, and 15 frogs in 12.5% (10/80) of the bromeliads from the burned site, with a mean of 1.6 frogs per rosette. Eight (27%) of the frogs from the unburned site and eleven (73%) of those from the burned site had empty stomachs. Frogs from the burned site also contained less prey per stomach than those from the unburned site. The data suggest that the fire has negatively affected the local population of Scinax cf. alter, though it is possible that the population can recover.

  9. Test Review: Abidin, R. R. (2012) "Parenting Stress Index, Fourth Edition" ("PSI-4"). Lutz, Florida: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Alyce O.

    2015-01-01

    The "Parenting Stress Index, Fourth Edition" (PSI-4) is a 120-item measure used to explore parental stress levels considering a parent's relationship with one of his or her children between the ages of 1 month and 12 years. The main purpose of the test is to define these stress levels and from where they originate in order to identify…

  10. Test Review: Ruff, R. M., & Hibbard, K. M. (2003). "Ruff Neurobehavioral Inventory." Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorske, Tad T.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author reviews the Ruff Neurobehavioral Inventory (RNBI), a self-report questionnaire designed to assess an individual's ability to function in cognitive, emotional, physical, and psychosocial domains, before and after a major illness or injury. The measure is designed to be used with men and women ages 18 to 75 who have at…

  11. [Utility of platelet-rich plasma and growth factors bone in the bone defects. Regional Hospital Lic. Adolfo López Mateos, ISSSTE].

    PubMed

    Archundia, Trinidad Ramón Mendieta; Soriano, Juan Carlos Alvarado; Corona, Jorge Negrete

    2007-01-01

    The platelet-rich plasma is a concentrated of platelets with the presence of growth factors and proteins that serve as osteoconducer matrix for bone formation. We present the results obtained with the use of platelet-rich plasma and a hydroxyapatite and bovine collagen graft in the management of bone defects. We studied eight patients with bone defects, treated surgically in whom platelet rich plasma and a hydroxyapatite and bovine collagen graft was used, with clinical and radiographic follow-up at 2, 4, 6, 10 and 18 weeks after surgery. Starting on week 7 since surgery, evidence of osteointegration and bone callus formation, during the weeks 10 and 14 most cases showed bone consolidation. A case without consolidation through week 18. The immediate response of the body tissue damaged is the accumulation of a large number of activated platelets, which release their granules and growth factors that promote the regeneration of tissues. It is possible to obtain platelet-rich plasma and accelerating the process of bone regeneration. Our study shows beneficial results with the use of platelet-rich plasma.

  12. [The arrival of the plague in São Paulo in 1899].

    PubMed

    do Nascimento, Dilene Raimundo

    2011-01-01

    In October 1899, the bubonic plague arrived in Brazil through the port of Santos. A city of intensive port activity, Santos was the gateway for a plague epidemic that devastated several cities in Brazil in the early 20th century and prompted joint action by several states to fight it. More importantly, given the difficulties and delays in importing anti-plague serum from Europe, it led to the creation of the Butantan Institute in Sao Paulo (in 1899) and the Municipal Serotherapeutic Institute in Rio de Janeiro (in 1900), which developed and standardized anti-plague serum and vaccines according to the particular conditions of the country. Until then, public health efforts had been isolated and had not reached the whole country. Oswaldo Cruz, newly arrived after three years of specialization at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, worked with scientists Adolfo Lutz and Vital Brazil on identifying the plague in Santos. This article analyzes the arrival of the bubonic plague epidemic in the state of Sao Paulo and the public health measures taken to combat the disease and provide patient care in the early part of the 20th century. The primary sources for this analysis were the São Paulo newspapers, especially O Estado de Sao Paulo, and reports from the Ministry of Justice and the President of the State of Sao Paulo.

  13. [Regional laboratory network for surveillance of invasive fungal infections and antifungal susceptibility in Latin America].

    PubMed

    Cuenca-Estrella, Manuel; Rodríguez-Tudela, Juan L; Córdoba, Susana; Melhem, Marcia C; Szeszs, María W; Castañeda, Elizabeth; Martínez, Gerardo; Gabastou, Jean-Marc

    2008-02-01

    This article describes the general objectives of the Regional Laboratory Network for Surveillance of Invasive Fungal Infections and Antifungal Susceptibility in Latin America. Formation of the Network was coordinated by the Essential Medicines, Vaccines, and Health Technologies Unit of the Pan American Health Organization, with the technical and financial support of the National Center for Microbiology of the Carlos III Health Institute (Spain), and the technical support of the Microbiology Department of the Dr. C. Malbrán National Institute on Infectious Diseases (Argentina) and the Microbiology Unit of the Parasitology Service of the Adolfo Lutz Institute (Brazil). The Network's principle objectives are epidemiological surveillance of invasive fungal infections through detection of antifungal resistance and identification of emergent, invasive fungal infections; establishment of norms and common protocols for early diagnosis of mycoses; and strengthening coordination, communications, and transference mechanisms among countries. The Network must be gradually implemented and must include staff training, a systematic process for sharing technology, evaluation of diagnostic techniques, identification of fungal species, and standardized tests for antifungal susceptibility.

  14. Cytotoxicity of cannulas for ophthalmic surgery after cleaning and sterilization: evaluation of the use of enzymatic detergent to remove residual ophthalmic viscosurgical device material.

    PubMed

    Tamashiro, Natacha S M; Souza, Rafael Q; Gonçalves, Cláudia R; Ikeda, Tamiko I; Luz, Reginaldo A; Cruz, Aurea S; Padoveze, Maria C; Graziano, Kazuko U

    2013-06-01

    To evaluate the cytotoxicity of reusable cannulas for ophthalmic surgery after the cannulas were filled with an ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD) and cleaned with an enzymatic detergent. Microbiological Testing Laboratory, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, University of São Paulo School of Nursing, and Cell Culture Section, Adolfo Lutz Institute, São Paulo, Brazil. Experimental study. The sample consisted of 30 reusable 25-gauge injection cannulas, 20.0 mm in length, whose lumens were filled with an OVD solution for 50 minutes. The following steps were used to process the cannulas: (1) presoaking, (2) washing the lumen using a high-pressure water jet, (3) backwashing with enzymatic detergent in ultrasonic cleaner, (4) preliminary rinsing with tap water, (5) final rinsing with sterile distilled water, (6) drying with compressed filtered air, (7) wrapping in surgical-grade paper, and (8) steam sterilization at 134°C for 4 minutes. The cannulas were then tested for cytotoxicity according to the United States Pharmacopeia 32. The cleaning protocol used in this study removed residues of OVD solution and enzymatic detergent as shown by the lack of cytotoxicity of all sample extracts. This cleaning protocol has the potential to minimize the occurrence of toxic anterior segment syndrome associated with residues of OVD solutions and enzymatic detergents. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2013 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. [New occurrences of metacercariae of Austrodiplostomum compactum (Lutz, 1928) (Platyhelminthes: Digenea) eye flukes of fish from the Paraná Basin].

    PubMed

    Yamada, Fábio Hideki; Moreira, Luis Henrique De A; Ceschini, Tiago L; Takemoto, Ricardo Massato; Pavanelli, Gilberto Cezar

    2008-01-01

    Austrodiplostomum compactum (Platyhelminthes, Digenea) eye flukes of several species of fishes. The presence of this parasite, in extreme cases, can cause swelling of the eyelids, displacement of the retina, opacity of the crystalline lens and blindness or even death. The present study it registers new occurrences of this metacercariae infecting the eyes of four new hosts of fish, Serrasalmus maculatus collected in the Rosana reservoir in the Paranapanema river and Hypostomus regani, Schizodon borellii and Auchenipterus osteomystax collected in the the Upper Paraná River floodplain.

  16. Monitoring of Lutzomyia longipalpis Lutz & Neiva, 1912 in an area of intense transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in Rio Grande do Norte, Northeast Brazil.

    PubMed

    Amóra, Sthenia Santos Albano; Bevilaqua, Claudia Maria Leal; Dias, Edmilson de Castro; Feijó, Francisco Marlon Carneiro; Oliveira, Paula Gabriela Melo de; Peixoto, Gislayne Christianne Xavier; Alves, Nilza Dutra; Oliveira, Lorena Mayana Beserra de; Macedo, Iara Térsia Freitas

    2010-01-01

    Urban increase of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Brazil is associated with the adaptation of its vector, Lutzomyia longipalpis, to environments modified by humans. The present study reports the results of an entomological monitoring of L. longipalpis and the effect of environmental variables on its population density. Sandflies were captured in the municipality of Mossoró, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Northeastern Brazil, from January 2005 to December 2006. Two CDC light traps were placed monthly for four consecutive nights in the peridomicile of selected households. Data analysis was based on the chi-square test and linear regression. A total of 2,087 sandflies were captured, 99.86% of which were L. longipalpis. A higher proportion of females were captured (p < 0.05). Monthly analysis of the variables temperature, relative humidity and rainfall did not show a significant influence on population density. However, there were seasonal differences: approximately 70% of sand flies were captured during the rainy season (p < 0.05). The predominant species, L. longipalpis, is present in substantial number, representing a public health risk. Therefore, because of higher prevalence during the rainy season, we recommend intensified VL control measures before and during this season to reduce the risk of disease transmission.

  17. [Expansion of the distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the department of Caldas: Increased risk of visceral leishmaniasis].

    PubMed

    Acosta, Luz Adriana; Mondragón-Shem, Karina; Vergara, Daniela; Vélez-Mira, Andrés; Cadena, Horacio; Carrillo-Bonilla, Lina

    2013-01-01

    Diverse taxonomical and molecular studies suggest that Lutzomyia longipalpis , main vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Latin America, is a complex of species widely distributed throughout the continent and adapted to different habitats. To carry out entomological surveillance in the area of influence of the Miel I Hydroelectric Plant. Adhesive traps were used in a transect covering an area of approximately 400 km for the capture of insects, which were then identified using the Young and Duncan taxonomical key. This study reports the presence of Lutzomyia longipalpis in the municipalities of Norcasia at an altitude of 392 masl, and in Marquetalia at 1,387 masl. We suggest that the increase in the geographical and altitudinal distribution could be related to the existence of the Lu. longipalpis species complex, or to environmental factors, such as the rise in temperature due to global climate changes, which create the establishment of Lu. longipalpis , generating a new epidemiological risk for new visceral leishmaniasis foci in the country.

  18. The physiology of the midgut of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz and Neiva 1912): pH in different physiological conditions and mechanisms involved in its control.

    PubMed

    Santos, Vânia C; Araujo, Ricardo N; Machado, Luciane A D; Pereira, Marcos H; Gontijo, Nelder F

    2008-09-01

    Nutrient digestion and absorption after blood feeding are important events for Lutzomyia longipalpis, which uses these nutrients to produce eggs. In this context, the pH inside the digestive tract is an important physiological feature as it can markedly influence the digestive process as well as interfere with Leishmania development in infected phlebotomines. It was described previously that unfed females have an acidic midgut (pH 6). In this study, the pH inside the midgut of blood-fed females was measured. The abdominal midgut (AM) pH varied from 8.15+/-0.31 in the first 10 h post-blood meal to 7.7+/-0.17 after 24 h. While the AM was alkaline during blood digestion, the pH in the thoracic midgut (TM) remained acidic (5.5-6.0). In agreement with these findings, the enzyme alpha-glucosidase, which has an optimum pH of 5.8, is mainly encountered in the acidic TM. The capacity of unfed females to maintain the acidic intestinal pH was also evaluated. Our results showed the presence of an efficient mechanism that maintains the pH almost constant at about 6 in the midgut, but not in the crop. This mechanism is promptly interrupted in the AM by blood ingestion. RT-PCR results indicated the presence of carbonic anhydrase in the midgut cells, which apparently is required to maintain the pH at 6 in the midgut of unfed females. Investigations on the phenomenon of alkalization observed after blood ingestion indicated that two mechanisms are involved: in addition to the alkalization promoted by CO2 volatilization there is a minor contribution from a second mechanism not yet characterized. Some inferences concerning Leishmania development and pH in the digestive tube are presented.

  19. [Blood meals identification of Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) e Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) almerioi (Galati & Nunes, 1999) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay biotin-avidin].

    PubMed

    Marassá, Ana Maria; Consales, Cleide Aschenbrenner; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; Nunes, Vânia Lúcia Brandão

    2006-01-01

    Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lutzomyia almerioi, phlebotomine species from the fauna of Serra da Bodoquena, in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, have been studied, particularly due to the fact of their abundance and occurrence, the Guaicurus settlement, focus of human tegumentary and canine visceral leishmaniasis. In researches that are being carried out in this settlement for identifying the vectors of these parasitosis, 83 engorged females belonging to the species Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lutzomyia almerioi were captured with automatic light traps from 2002 up to 2004 in the peridomiciliary environment of the Guaicurus settlement (hennery). The aim of this study was the investigation on bird feeding habit of females of both the phlebotomine species by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique, comparing the reactivity during the period from 2002 up to 2004. Of the 57 samples of Lutzomyia longipalpis and 26 of Lutzomyia almerioi that have been tested, 72% from Lutzomyia longipalpis and 96% from Lutzomyia almerioi were reactive, which justifies the feeding habit study in the region as a prevention measure and the institution of an epidemiological survey.

  20. Climatic factors and population density of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) in an urban endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis in midwest Brazil.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Everton Falcão; dos Santos Fernandes, Carlos Eurico; Araújo e Silva, Elaine; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha; de Oliveira, Alessandra Gutierrez

    2013-12-01

    The life cycle of vectors and the reservoirs that participate in the chain of infectious diseases have a strong relationship with the environmental dynamics of the ecosystems in which they live. Oscillations in population abundance and seasonality of insects can be explained by factors inherent in each region and time period. Therefore, knowledge of the relationship and influence of environmental factors on the population of Lutzomyia longipalpis is necessary because of the high incidence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Brazil. This study evaluates the influence of abiotic variables on the population density and seasonal behavior of L. longipalpis in an urban endemic area of VL in Brazil. The sand fly captures were performed every two months between November, 2009 and November, 2010 in the peridomicile of 13 randomly selected residences. We captured 1,367 specimens of L. longipalpis, and the ratio of male/female flies was 2.86:1. The comparison of the total male specimens in the two seasons showed a statistical difference in the wet season, but there was no significant difference when considering the total females. With respect to climatic variables, a significant negative association was observed only with wind speed. During periods of high wind speeds, the population density of this vector decreased. The presence of L. longipalpis was found in all months of the study with bimodal behavior and population peaks during the wet season.

  1. Seasonal variation of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis, Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Alessandra Gutierrez; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; Fernandes, Carlos Eurico; Dorval, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha

    2008-01-01

    The seasonal distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis was studied in two forested and five domiciliary areas of the urban area of Campo Grande; MS, from December 2003 to November 2005. Weekly captures were carried out with CDC light traps positioned on ground and in the canopy inside a residual forest and on the edge (ground) of a woodland and in at least one of the following ecotopes in peridomiciles-a cultivated area, a chicken coop, a pigsty, a kennel, a goat and sheep shelter and an intradomicile. A total of 9519 sand flies were collected, 2666 during the first year and 6853 during the second. L. longipalpis was found throughout the 2-year period, presenting smaller peaks at intervals of 2-3 months and two greater peaks, the first in February and the second in April 2005, soon after periods of heavy rain. Only In one of the woodlands was a significant negative correlation (p<0.05) between the number of insects and temperature during the first year and the climatic factors (temperature, RHA and rain) was observed. In the domiciliary areas in four domiciles some positive correlations (p< or =0.05) occurred in relation to one or more climatic factors; however, the species shows a clear tendency to greater frequency (72%) in the rainy season than in the dry (28%). Thus, we recommend an intensification of the VL control measures applied in Campo Grande, MS, during the rainy season with a view to reducing the risk of the transmission of the disease.

  2. Studies on the Feeding Habits of Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) Populations from Endemic Areas of American Visceral Leishmaniasis in Northeastern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Afonso, Margarete Martins Dos Santos; Duarte, Rosemere; Miranda, José Carlos; Caranha, Lindenbergh; Rangel, Elizabeth Ferreira

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to identify potential blood feeding sources of L. (L.) longipalpis specimens from populations in Northeastern Brazil, endemic areas of American Visceral Leishmaniasis (AVL) and its correlation with the transmission of L. (L.) i. chagasi. The ELISA technique was applied using bird, dog, goat, opossum, equine, feline, human, sheep, and rodent antisera to analyze 609 females, resulting in an overall positivity of 60%. In all municipalities, females showed higher positivity for bird followed by dog antiserum and sand fly specimens were also positive for equine, feline, human, sheep, goat, opossum, and rodent antisera. The finding for 17 combinations of two or three types of blood in some females corroborates the opportunistic habit of this sand fly species. The results demonstrating the association between L. (L.) longipalpis and opossum suggest the need for further evaluation of the real role of this synanthropic mammal in the eco-epidemiology of AVL.

  3. Influence of altitude, latitude and season of collection (Bergmann's rule) on the dimensions of Lutzomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae).

    PubMed

    Marcondes, C B; Lozovei, A L; Falqueto, A; Brazil, R P; Galati, E; Aguiar, G; Souza, N

    1999-01-01

    The influence of altitude and latitude on some structure sizes of Lutzomyia intermedia was noted; several structures of insects collected in higher localities were greater, according to Bergmann's rule. This influence was more remarkable in two localities of the State of Espírito Santo, probably due to greater differences in altitude. Comparing insects from different latitudes, more differences were noted in comparisons of insects from low altitude localities than in those of material from higher altitudes. The small number of differences between insects collected in July and in December does not indicate a defined influence of season and temperature on the size of adults. The possible epidemiological implications of these variations are discussed.

  4. Studies on the Feeding Habits of Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) Populations from Endemic Areas of American Visceral Leishmaniasis in Northeastern Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Afonso, Margarete Martins dos Santos; Duarte, Rosemere; Miranda, José Carlos; Caranha, Lindenbergh; Rangel, Elizabeth Ferreira

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to identify potential blood feeding sources of L. (L.) longipalpis specimens from populations in Northeastern Brazil, endemic areas of American Visceral Leishmaniasis (AVL) and its correlation with the transmission of L. (L.) i. chagasi. The ELISA technique was applied using bird, dog, goat, opossum, equine, feline, human, sheep, and rodent antisera to analyze 609 females, resulting in an overall positivity of 60%. In all municipalities, females showed higher positivity for bird followed by dog antiserum and sand fly specimens were also positive for equine, feline, human, sheep, goat, opossum, and rodent antisera. The finding for 17 combinations of two or three types of blood in some females corroborates the opportunistic habit of this sand fly species. The results demonstrating the association between L. (L.) longipalpis and opossum suggest the need for further evaluation of the real role of this synanthropic mammal in the eco-epidemiology of AVL. PMID:22315621

  5. Dero (Allodero) lutzi Michaelsen, 1926 (Oligochaeta: Naididae) associated with Scinax fuscovarius (Lutz, 1925) (Anura: Hylidae) from Semi-deciduous Atlantic Rain Forest, southern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Oda, F H; Petsch, D K; Ragonha, F H; Batista, V G; Takeda, A M; Takemoto, R M

    2015-01-01

    Amphibians are hosts for a wide variety of ecto- and endoparasites, such as protozoans and parasitic worms. Naididae is a family of Oligochaeta whose species live on a wide range of substrates, including mollusks, aquatic macrophytes, sponges, mosses, liverworts, and filamentous algae. However, some species are known as endoparasitic from vertebrates, such as Dero (Allodero) lutzi, which is parasitic of the urinary tracts of frogs, but also have a free-living stage. Specimens in the parasitic stage lack dorsal setae, branchial fossa, and gills. Here we report the occurrence of D. (A.) lutzi associated with anuran Scinax fuscovarius from Semi-deciduous Atlantic Rain Forest in southern Brazil. The study took place at the Caiuá Ecological Station, Diamante do Norte, Paraná, southern Brazil. Seven specimens of S. fuscovarius were examined for parasites but only one was infected. Parasites occurred in ureters and urinary bladder. Previous records of this D. (A.) lutzi include the Brazilian States of Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Minas Gerais, as well as Cuba and North America. This is a new locality record for this species in Brazil. Reports of Dero (Allodero) lutzi are rare, due to difficulty of observation, and such events are restricted only the fortuitous cases. It is important to emphasize the necessity of future studies, which are fundamental to the understanding of biological and ecological aspects of this species.

  6. Population structure and circulating genotypes of drug-sensitive and drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates in São Paulo state, Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Martins, Maria Conceição; Saraiva Giampaglia, Carmen M.; Oliveira, Rosângela S.; Simonsen, Vera; Latrilha, Fábio Oliveira; Moniz, Letícia Lisboa; Couvin, David; Rastogi, Nalin; Ferrazoli, Lucilaine

    2013-01-01

    São Paulo is the most populous Brazilian state and reports the largest number of tuberculosis cases in the country annually (over 18,500). This study included 193 isolates obtained during the 2nd Nationwide Survey on Mycobacterium tuberculosis Drug Resistance that was conducted in São Paulo state and 547 isolates from a laboratory based study of drug resistance that were analyzed by the Mycobacteria Reference Laboratory at the Institute Adolfo Lutz. Both studies were conducted from 2006 to 2008 and sought to determine the genetic diversity and pattern of drug resistance of M. tuberculosis isolates (MTC) circulating in São Paulo. The patterns obtained from the spoligotyping analysis demonstrated that 51/740 (6.9%) of the isolates corresponded to orphan patterns and that 689 (93.1%) of the isolates distributed into 144 shared types, including 119 that matched a preexisting shared type in the SITVIT2 database and 25 that were new isolates. A total of 77/144 patterns corresponded to unique isolates, while the remaining 67 corresponded to clustered patterns (n = 612 isolates clustered into groups of 2–84 isolates each). The evolutionarily ancient PGG1 lineages (Beijing, CAS1-DEL, EAI3-IND, and PINI2) were rarely detected in São Paulo and comprised only 13/740, or 1.76%, of the total isolates; all of the remaining 727/740, or 98.24%, of the MTC isolates from São Paulo state were from the recent PGG2/3 evolutionary isolates belonging to the LAM, T, S, X, and Haarlem lineages, i.e., the Euro-American group. This study provides the first overview of circulating genotypes of M. tuberculosis in São Paulo state and demonstrates that the clustered shared types containing seven or more M. tuberculosis isolates that are spread in São Paulo state included both resistant and susceptible isolates. PMID:23201043

  7. Antibodies for Rickettsia spp. in patients with negative serology for dengue virus, leptospirosis, and meningococcal disease in municipalities of São Paulo State, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Prata, Juliana Anacleto Cabral; Souza, Celso Eduardo de; Angerami, Rodrigo Nogueira; Barbosa, Taíse Marongio Cotrim de Moraes; Santos, Fabiana Cristina Pereira Dos; Colombo, Silvia; Guercio, Vânia Martins Fontes Del; Donalísio, Maria Rita

    2016-01-01

    Brazilian spotted fever is an infectious disease with a high mortality rate if not treated early. Differential diagnosis is difficult, as the first clinical signs are non-specific and can be confused with other diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate evidence of infection with Rickettsia rickettsii and Rickettsia parkeri in negative sera samples, collected in 2014, from patients with suspected leptospirosis, dengue fever, and meningococcal disease in Atibaia and Bragança Paulista municipalities of the State of São Paulo. The samples stored at the Institute Adolfo Lutz in Campinas were tested using an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) with IgG and IgM against R. rickettsii and R. parkeri. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing was performed for the sera samples of patients who died (n = 3), those with initial suspicion of meningococcal disease (n = 6), and those with positive IFA results. Of 258 samples from Bragança Paulista, 4 (1.6%) were positive, with IgG titers of 1:64 and 1:128 against R. rickettsii and R. parkeri, respectively. Of 155 samples from Atibaia, 2 (1.3%) were positive, with IgG titers of 1:64 and 1:128 against R. rickettsii and R. parkeri, respectively. No sample showed positive PCR results. This serological investigation suggests there is evidence of exposure to Rickettsia spp. in residents of areas that have environmental conditions favorable to the spread of bacteria, in which Brazilian spotted fever incidence was not previously confirmed.

  8. Population structure and circulating genotypes of drug-sensitive and drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates in São Paulo state, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Martins, Maria Conceição; Giampaglia, Carmen M Saraiva; Oliveira, Rosângela S; Simonsen, Vera; Latrilha, Fábio Oliveira; Moniz, Letícia Lisboa; Couvin, David; Rastogi, Nalin; Ferrazoli, Lucilaine

    2013-03-01

    São Paulo is the most populous Brazilian state and reports the largest number of tuberculosis cases in the country annually (over 18,500). This study included 193 isolates obtained during the 2nd Nationwide Survey on Mycobacterium tuberculosis Drug Resistance that was conducted in São Paulo state and 547 isolates from a laboratory based study of drug resistance that were analyzed by the Mycobacteria Reference Laboratory at the Institute Adolfo Lutz. Both studies were conducted from 2006 to 2008 and sought to determine the genetic diversity and pattern of drug resistance of M. tuberculosis isolates (MTC) circulating in São Paulo. The patterns obtained from the spoligotyping analysis demonstrated that 51/740 (6.9%) of the isolates corresponded to orphan patterns and that 689 (93.1%) of the isolates distributed into 144 shared types, including 119 that matched a preexisting shared type in the SITVIT2 database and 25 that were new isolates. A total of 77/144 patterns corresponded to unique isolates, while the remaining 67 corresponded to clustered patterns (n=612 isolates clustered into groups of 2-84 isolates each). The evolutionarily ancient PGG1 lineages (Beijing, CAS1-DEL, EAI3-IND, and PINI2) were rarely detected in São Paulo and comprised only 13/740, or 1.76%, of the total isolates; all of the remaining 727/740, or 98.24%, of the MTC isolates from São Paulo state were from the recent PGG2/3 evolutionary isolates belonging to the LAM, T, S, X, and Haarlem lineages, i.e., the Euro-American group. This study provides the first overview of circulating genotypes of M. tuberculosis in São Paulo state and demonstrates that the clustered shared types containing seven or more M. tuberculosis isolates that are spread in São Paulo state included both resistant and susceptible isolates.

  9. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ACETABULUM FRACTURES TREATED AT THE INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE TRAUMATOLOGIA E ORTOPEDIA (INTO)

    PubMed Central

    Dias, Marcus Vinícius Fernandes; Goldsztajn, Flavio; Guimarães, João Matheus; Grizendi, José Afraneo; Correia, Marcos; Rocha, Tito Henrique

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to review the epidemiological aspects of displacement fractures of the acetabulum that had been treated surgically at the National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics (INTO). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 126 acetabulum fractures that had been treated surgically at INTO between March 2006 and November 2008. The following factors were taken into account: age, sex, trauma mechanism, injury classification, time elapsed between trauma and surgery, affected side and associated bone injuries. Results: 76.8% were male; the mean age was 39.6 years. The trauma mechanism was traffic accidents in 59%; the time that elapsed between injury and surgery was on average 16.4 days; 55% of the cases were on the right side; 30% of the patients presented associated fractures. Conclusion: Most of the patients were male, in an economically active age group, and were victims of traffic accidents. Edge and/or posterior column fractures were the most frequent types. Associated injuries were common and most of the fractures operated in our service came to us late. PMID:27022597

  10. [The system of evaluating the specialty of pediatrics in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Jasso-Gutiérrez, L; Serafín-Anaya, F; López-Fuentes, G; Arnaíz-Toledo, C

    1993-11-01

    A system of evaluation applied to pediatric residents at the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) is presented. Historical precedents; deficiencies and modifications of the system are commented. Also institutional system of evaluation is described, with emphasis in education strategies: teaching-attendance-research. Usefulness of knowledge tests, supervision, and assessment of evaluation, are mentioned. Finally extrainstitutional evaluation strategies are considered.

  11. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ACETABULUM FRACTURES TREATED AT THE INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE TRAUMATOLOGIA E ORTOPEDIA (INTO).

    PubMed

    Dias, Marcus Vinícius Fernandes; Goldsztajn, Flavio; Guimarães, João Matheus; Grizendi, José Afraneo; Correia, Marcos; Rocha, Tito Henrique

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to review the epidemiological aspects of displacement fractures of the acetabulum that had been treated surgically at the National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics (INTO). We retrospectively analyzed 126 acetabulum fractures that had been treated surgically at INTO between March 2006 and November 2008. The following factors were taken into account: age, sex, trauma mechanism, injury classification, time elapsed between trauma and surgery, affected side and associated bone injuries. 76.8% were male; the mean age was 39.6 years. The trauma mechanism was traffic accidents in 59%; the time that elapsed between injury and surgery was on average 16.4 days; 55% of the cases were on the right side; 30% of the patients presented associated fractures. Most of the patients were male, in an economically active age group, and were victims of traffic accidents. Edge and/or posterior column fractures were the most frequent types. Associated injuries were common and most of the fractures operated in our service came to us late.

  12. [Inherited colorectal cancer predisposition syndromes identified in the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplasicas (INEN), Lima, Peru;].

    PubMed

    Castro-Mujica, María del Carmen; Sullcahuamán-Allende, Yasser; Barreda-Bolaños, Fernando; Taxa-Rojas, Luis

    2014-04-01

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most common cancer in the world and is classified according to their origin in sporadic CRC (~ 70%) and genetic CRC (~ 30%), this latter involves cases of familial aggregation and inherited síndromes that predispose to CRC. To describe inherited CRC predisposition syndromes, polyposic and non-polyposic, identified in the Oncogenetics Unit at National Institute of Cancer Disease (INEN). A descriptive observational record from the attentions of the Oncogenetics Unit at INEN during 2009 to 2013. We included patients with personal or familiar history of CRC and/or colonic polyposis who were referred for clinical assessment to the Oncogenetics Unitat INEN. 59.3 % were female, 40.7 % male, 69.8% under 50 years old, 60.5% had a single CRC, 23.2% had more than one CRC or CRC associated with other extracolonic neoplasia and 32.6% had a familiar history of cancer with autosomal dominant inheritance. According to the clinical genetic diagnosis, 93.1% of the included cases were inherited syndromes that predispose to CRC, with 33.8% of colonic polyposis syndromes, 23.3% of hereditary nonpolyposis CRC syndromes (HNPCC) and 36.0% of CCRHNP probable cases. Clinical genetic evaluation of patients with personal or familiar history of CRC and/or colonic polyposis can identify inherited colorectal cancer predisposition syndromes and provide an appropriategenetic counseling to patients and relatives at risk, establishing guidelines to follow-up and prevention strategies to prevent morbidity and mortality by cancer.

  13. [Extrinsic allergic alveolitis. Clinical experience at the Instituto National de Enfermedades Respiratorias (INER)].

    PubMed

    Chapela-Mendoza, R; Selman-Lama, M

    1999-01-01

    Extrinsic allergic alveolitis is an interstitial lung disease caused by exposure to a variety of inhaled antigens. In Mexico, the most frequent form is due to the inhalation of avian antigens, markedly pigeon proteins. Depending on type and time exposure, the disease presents different clinical forms usually characterized by progressive dyspnea, ground glass or reticulonodular images on chest x rays, a restrictive functional pattern, rest hypoxemia worsening with exercise, and increase of T lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage with an inversion in the helper/suppressor ratio. In this paper, we discuss a 15-year experience with this pathological problem in Mexico, emphasizing the differences with this disorder in Caucasian populations. Generally, our patients display a chronic form of the disease, which evolves to fibrosis in about one-half of the patients. In this sense, the diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic focusing exhibit different elements, and thus the development of clinical and basic research is strongly required.

  14. [Criminal claims about medical professional liability in the Instituto de Medicina Legal of Lima, Peru].

    PubMed

    Navarro-Sandoval, Cleyber; Arones-Guevara, Shermany; Carrera-Palao, Rosa; Casana-Jara, Kelly; Colque-Jaliri, Tomasa

    2013-07-01

    To determine the characteristics of the criminal complaints claining medical professional liability, based on the expert reports issued by the Forensic Examination Division of Lima, Peru. A cross-sectional study was carried out, which included all the expert reports issued between 2005 and 2010 at the Forensic Examination Division of Lima, Peru. A descriptive analysis of each of the variables was performed. 60.3% (495/821) of the criminal complaints for medical professional liability were valued as being in accordance with the lex artis while 16.8% (138/821) were not in accordance with the lex artis. In 13% (107/821) of the cases, conclusions could not be drawn;in 9.9% (81/821) of the cases, the conclusions in the expert report did not include an valuations of the medical act.The cases in which the injury was attributed to the process of the disease itself accounted for 80.9% (502/620), and those in which in the injury was considered a result of the health care received were 19.0% (118/620). The distribution of the cause of the injury based on accordance with the lex artis showed significant differences. In our country, the number of claims for claimed medical liability is increasing, predominantly in relation to surgical specialties, where a medical act is more likely to be considered not in accordance with the lex artis. In addition, in a significant percentage of cases, no conclusions are drawn about the medical act.

  15. Burkitt's lymphoma. Experience at the Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, Mexico City.

    PubMed

    Rivera-Luna, R; Martínez-Guerra, G; Borrego-Román, R; Rivera-Márquez, H

    1986-01-01

    Thirty patients with Burkitt's lymphoma sporadic type are presented. All of these cases fulfilled the histologic criteria of Burkitt's tumor. The age ranged from 2 to 12 years, with a median of 4 years. Fever and chills were the most common symptoms. The abdomen was the site of initial presentation in more than half of these cases. Close to one-third of the patients had involvement of the central nervous system. Fifty percent of the patients presented with lactic dehydrogenase elevation. Uric acid was elevated in close to one-fourth of these patients. The sonogram was the most useful technique in those instances of abdominal presentation. All patients were staged according to Ziegler criteria after an initial surgical diagnostic procedure was performed. None of the patients received radiotherapy to the primary tumor. All were submitted to a chemotherapy program for 12 months. Only 26 fitted the criteria of being evaluable. The duration of remission was from 1 to 144 months, with a median of 18.2 months. The actuarial survival was 84% at 3 years. Most of the responders corresponded to Stages A, B, and AR, while Stages C and D had a high mortality rate with elevated lactic dehydrogenase and uric acid levels.

  16. [Causes of maternal mortality in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, period 2009-2012].

    PubMed

    Ruíz-Rosas, Roberto Aguli; Cruz-Cruz, Polita Rocío

    2014-01-01

    Introducción: la razón de muerte materna (RMM) ha disminuido lentamente, no obstante que la OMS se propuso reducirla en un 75 % en el período de 1990 a 2015. Por esto es necesario continuar con el análisis de las causas para reforzar e innovar líneas de acción y así disminuir las muertes maternas en nuestro país. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo en el que se incluyeron casos de muerte materna que ocurrieron de 2009 a 2012, por causa directa e indirecta. La información se obtuvo del expediente de muerte materna, el cual es un documento oficial del IMSS. La definición de muerte materna utilizada fue la emitida por la OMS. Las muertes indirectas se agruparon según la décima revisión de la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades (CIE-10). Se utilizó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: la RMM en el IMSS ha disminuido en forma lenta pero constante, pues en el 2012 se obtuvo la RMM más baja en la institución (26.4). Sin embargo, la preeclampsia severa-eclampsia y la hemorragia obstétrica ocuparon el primero y segundo lugar. Como causa indirecta, las enfermedades del sistema cardiovascular, y las neoplasias malignas ocuparon los primeros lugares sin subestimar las cifras de las patologías respiratorias, digestivas y endocrinas. Conclusiones: es necesario proseguir con los esfuerzos para disminuir la RMM en todos los niveles de atención médica. Es prioritario continuar con la educación y consejería preconcepcional a mujeres en edad fértil y fortalecer las acciones en la planificación familiar.

  17. [Kidney transplant program at the Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez].

    PubMed

    Mancilla-Urrea, Eduardo; Aburto-Morales, Salvador; Kasep-Bahena, Jorge; Rodríguez-Castellanos, Francisco

    2011-09-01

    The first renal transplant was done on July 22, 1968 and until December, 2010 a total of 865 procedures have been performed. Immunosuppressive protocols have changing with time: from 1968 to 1984 azathioprine + prednisone plus total radiation in some cases; from 1985 to 1998 cyclosporine + azathioprine + prednisone; in 1998 tacrolimus is used for first time; Mofetil micofenolate was available at 2005 and practically has displaced to azathioprine. As far as possible we use some induction therapy. Primary ESRD etiologies were: unknown (74.9%), glomerulonephritis (9.7%) and diabetic nephropathy (4.2%). Recipient's mean age was 29.9 +/- 11.6 years (12-70) and 35 +/- 9.8 years (18-62) in donors. Analysis group for graft and patient survival included 292 transplants (censured for death with functional graft) with a follow-up of 103 months (CI 95%: 99-108). Survival at 1, 5 and 10 years were: 95, 85 and 60% for graft as well as 100, 94 and 90% for patient. In year 2000 we started to perform renal biopsies at transplant (time zero biopsies), those results have been published and at present are a worldwide reference. In September, 2005 laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is initiated, 180 procedures have been done with excellent results. In year 2006, training in renal transplant acquires the endorsement as a Medicine Posgrade recognized by the UNAM School of Medicine. We have participated in 9 national clinical trials and 6 international multicentric ones. Our renal transplant program offers a good choice for patients with low resources with similar results reported in the literature using current immunosuppressive schemes and surgical procedures. Institutional authorities and humanitarian associations support in addition to participation on investigation studies have been of vital importance.

  18. Outcomes with the Boston Type 1 Keratoprosthesis at Instituto de Microcirugía Ocular IMO

    PubMed Central

    Güell, Jose L.; Arcos, Edilio; Gris, Oscar; Aristizabal, Diego; Pacheco, Miguel; Sanchez, Claudia L.; Manero, Felicidad

    2011-01-01

    Purpose To report the outcomes on the Boston Type 1 Keratoprosthesis at our institution. Design Retrospective analysis case series. Participants We analyzed 54 eyes of 53 patients who previously underwent Boston Type 1 Keratoprosthesis surgery at our institution from July 2006 to March 2011. Methods Preoperative and postoperative parameters were collected and analyzed. Main outcome measures Visual acuity and keratoprosthesis stability. Results Common preoperative diagnoses were penetrating keratoplasty failure in 49 eyes (90.7%), chronic keratitis in 2 eyes (3.7%), ocular cicatricial pemphigoid in 1 eye (1.85%), Stevens Johnson syndrome in 1 eye (1.85%) and corneal vascularization in 1 eye (1.85%). Additionally, 40 eyes (74%) had preoperative glaucoma, and an Ahmed valve was implanted in 55% of them. Preoperative BCVA ranged from 20/200 to light perception. At an average follow-up of 20.15 months ± 12.7 (range, 1–56), postoperative vision improved to ⩾20/200 in 18 eyes (33.3%) and ⩾20/50 in 4 eyes (7.4%). The graft retention was 96%. Conclusions The Boston Type 1 keratoprosthesis is a valid option for high-risk patients. The design improvements in the Boston keratoprosthesis, as well as the daily implementation of the therapeutic methods, have notably diminished occurrence of the most serious complications, such as corneal necrosis and endophthalmitis. As such, glaucoma and its subsequent complications now stand as the most prevalent prognostic factor in the long term. PMID:23960937

  19. Uterine sarcomas: review of 26 years at The Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia of Mexico.

    PubMed

    Cantú de León, David; González, Heliodoro; Pérez Montiel, Delia; Coronel, Jaime; Pérez-Plasencia, Carlos; Villavicencio-Valencia, Verónica; Soto-Reyes, Ernesto; Herrera, Luis Alonso

    2013-01-01

    Uterine sarcomas are a group of uncommon tumors that account for approximately 1% of malignant neoplasms of the female genital tract and between 3 and 8.4% of malignant uterine neoplasms. To evaluate the factors associated with the clinical behavior of uterine sarcomas. In the period from October 1983 to December 2009, clinical files of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of uterine sarcoma at the National Institute of Cancerology of Mexico (INCan) were reviewed and evaluated. We identified 77 cases with complete information; average age at presentation was 51.6 years (range, 14-78 years); most frequent histology was leiomyosarcoma (LMS) in 53/77 (68.8%) cases; most frequent symptom reported at the time of diagnosis was abnormal vaginal bleeding in 36/77 (46.7%) cases, and the most frequent clinical stage was clinical stage (CS) I in 31/77 (40.2%) cases. Initial treatment was total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) and bilateral salpingo-oophrectomy (BSO) in 53/77 (68.9%) cases. Disease-free period was 27.8 months (range, 0-184 months), with disease recurrence in 33/77 (42.85%) cases, most frequent site as lung in 13/33 (39.39%) cases. Management of recurrences was surgery and chemotherapy (CT) in 5/33 (15.15%) and CT in 10/33 (30.30%) of cases. At present, 40.3% of the patients (31/77) are found to be Disease-free. Notwithstanding that uterine sarcomas are aggressive neoplasms, most accepted management to date is TAH + BSO, observing that the fact that this procedure is not performed by oncologists does not affect the DFP nor OS, contrary to what occurs in other gynecological neoplasms. Copyright © 2013 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. [Registry of myocardial infarction in a tertiary hospital of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    González-Pliego, José Angel; Gudiño-Amezcua, Diego Armando; Celis, Alfredo; Gutiérrez-Díaz, Gonzalo Israel

    2014-01-01

    Introducción: dado que el pronóstico de infarto del miocardio con elevación del segmento ST (IMCEST) depende de su manejo inmediato y de las medidas de prevención secundaria, el no seguir las recomendaciones actuales impide mejorar las expectativas de la población afectada por este padecimiento. El objetivo es describir el perfil clínico-epidemiológico y el proceso de atención del IMCEST en un hospital de tercer nivel. Métodos: se analiza la información clínica, la estratificación de riesgo, la terapia de revascularización y los hábitos de prescripción al egreso de los casos con IMCEST atendidos en un año. Resultados: se incluyeron 246 pacientes con edad promedio de 61 años; el 76 % fueron varones. La mayoría (37.3 %) de IMCEST ocurrió entre los 60 y los 69 años. El sedentarismo fue el factor de riesgo predominante. El 81.7 % de los casos tuvo score TIMI de riesgo bajo. El 35 % tuvo isquemia/viabilidad y en todos los cateterizados se demostraron obstrucciones coronarias. El 76 % se revascularizó con stent, principalmente farmacológico (77.5 %). Al egreso más del 90 % de los casos recibió estatina y antiplaquetarios, mientras otras drogas se prescribieron al 64-82 % de los casos. Conclusiones: el IMCEST predomina en hombres sedentarios de la séptima década. Estratificar el riesgo, buscar isquemia/viabilidad residual y revascularizar con stent farmacológico son prácticas comunes; el cumplimiento de recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia es mejor que en el pasado, pero todavía no es óptimo.

  1. [Mortality among the workers of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social from 1983 to 1987].

    PubMed

    Domínguez-Márquez, O; Camacho-Solís, R; Villarroel-Vargas, R; Tudón-Garcés, H; Campos-Fernández, M C; Moras-Sandoval, R M

    1992-01-01

    A study on mortality of 2,268 workers of the Mexican Social Security Institute was done during 1983-1987 in order to obtain accurate information to specifically determine to those, activities which promote the health and improve the life conditions of the workers of the aforementioned institution. This information relates to the first step of the study, so it doesn't lead us to value judgements, because it would fall into speculations. However, it creates an important data to subsequently explore, by means of further studies, in the casualty of the existing results.

  2. [The need, supply and demand for epidemiological research personnel in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Escandón-Romero, C; Vázquez-Martínez, J L; Fernández-Gárate, I H; Ruiz-Maya, L

    1993-01-01

    In 1991 the Directorate of Public Health was created at the Mexican Institute for Social Security, with its epidemiologic activities oriented towards surveillance and research. This new vision, as well as the epidemiologic transition in Mexico, have raised the need for researchers training. In 1988 the Specialization Course in Public Health was developed as a response to the detected needs. This course was reformed three years later in duration, depth and name (Epidemiology instead of Public Health). The requirement of a thesis has led to the development of epidemiologic and health services research. Two diplomates in epidemiology and immunology and microbiology were also developed as a response to the need of actualization due to the advances in epidemiologic methodology in the past decades. A demand for actualization and continuous education has been expressed by the epidemiologists through a survey. The Directorate has also proposed priority themes for research in order to guide the requirements of research raised by the epidemiologist already trained at the Institute.

  3. [Self-rated health among climacteric women affiliated with the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Vladislavovna-Doubova, Svetlana; Pérez-Cuevas, Ricardo; Reyes-Morales, Hortensia

    2008-01-01

    To evaluate self-rated health (SRH) in climacteric women and to identify the factors associated with negative SRH. Information from 9 248 women aged 40 to 59 years was analyzed. SRH was the dependent variable. Independent variables were demographic characteristics, history of reproductive and chronic diseases, physical activity, and participation in screening and health education programs. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, bivariate analysis, and logistic regression modeling. Forty-two percent of women reported positive SRH and 58% reported negative SRH. Factors associated with negative SRH were: low literacy level (OR 1.78, CI95% 1.62-1.95), unemployment (OR 1.20, CI95% 1.09-1.33), menopause (OR 1.22, CI95% 1.11-1.33), type 2 diabetes (OR 1.88, CI95% 1.65-2.13) hypertension (OR 2.01, CI95% 1.82-2.22), irregular physical exercise (OR 1.30, CI95% 1.12-1.50), sedentarism (OR 1.395, CI95% 1.23-1.57), lack of information about climacteric (OR 1.17, CI95% 1.07-1.28) and lack of screening for chronic diseases (OR 0.82, CI95% 0.75-0.89). Factors associated with negative SRH such as lack of information and physical activity should be strengthened.

  4. [Incidence of dentofacial deformities in the Specialty Hospital of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Delgado Galíndez, Blanca; Villalpaondo Carreón, Mónika

    2005-01-01

    To report the incidence and classification of dentofacial deformities from the Maxillofacial Department at the Specialty Hospital at the 21st Century National Medical Center of the Mexican Institute of Social Security in Mexico City. A descriptive, retrospective and transversal study was carried out. Clinical files from 120 patients were reviewed from May 1997 to May 1998 with the purpose of classifying and determining the types of maxillofacial deformities and also to report whether these deformities were corrected by orthognatic surgery. One hundred twenty clinical files were reviewed and dentofacial deformities were found in 47 (39%). All patients were treated with orthognatic surgery. Surgical treatment was often combined (orthodontia and surgery). Regardless of the type of dentofacial deformities, an individualized treatment protocol must be designed for each patient. It is important to list the priorities and needs of the patients in order to find appropriate solutions, in regard to their importance.

  5. [Family planning and perinatal mortality in the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS)].

    PubMed

    Rabago, A; Sanchez, R

    1991-01-01

    Despite government efforts in Mexico to reduce maternal and infant mortality through proper medical care, mortality rates remain high. Family planning potentially contributes to reducing mortality of mothers and infants by reducing fertility levels and allowing optimal timing of births. A recent epidemiological study based on a probabilistic sample of newborns in Mexican Institute of Social Security hospitals in metropolitan Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey allowed evaluation of the association between reproductive risk due to age, parity, and birth interval and perinatal mortality. The analysis demonstrated that rates of perinatal mortality associated with extremely long or extremely short birth intervals in women at high reproductive risk due to pre-pregnancy nutritional status, obstetrical or chronic degenerative pathology, or reproductive pattern were much higher than in low risk births. But when women at reproductive risk had intervals of 1-5 years between the end of one pregnancy and the beginning of the next, their children were at similar risk to those of mothers with no reproductive risks. Good prenatal care reduced the perinatal mortality risk substantially for infants of high-risk mothers, but a negative effect persisted for long intervals. Good birth spacing mitigates the negative influence of pathological conditions associated with age and high parity.

  6. [The clinical guidelines of practice project at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    del Pilar Torres-Arreola, Laura; Peralta-Pedrero, María Luisa; Viniegra-Osorio, Arturo; Valenzuela-Flores, Adriana Abigail; Echevarría-Zuno, Santiago; Sandoval-Castellanos, Fernando J

    2010-01-01

    The advance in the knowledge and technology is growing quickly and greater quantity, so it is difficult for the health professional to access to whole information that is generated every day on diagnostic and therapeutic strategies more effective, so the clinic practice guidelines (CPG) is a resource to support the updating of the health professional and support them in making clinical decisions. The CPG is also a better support to the manager of health services in making decisions regarding the strategies that have performed for the patient and less risk to the individual and collective health. They also support the response capacity of the medical units and hospitals and guide the planning of services to the optimization of the resources. This paper summarizes the methodology of a national project for the development of GPC coordinated by the Mexican Social Security Institute with the collaboration of more than 1200 health professionals of the institution in a great effort institutional update and make information accessible to the entire health sector, which also defines the steps to upgrade and maintain the updating of knowledge and technology expressed in them.

  7. [Community participation in health at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Jalisco].

    PubMed

    Rasmussen-Cruz, B; Hidalgo-San Martín, A; Pérez, A; Rodríguez, F; López, J; Márquez, S; Munguía, S; Magallón, R; González, E

    1993-01-01

    This paper describes the achievements and problems of a community participation model in health care, developed by the Mexican Social Security Institute since 1985. The health team involved between 10 and 20 percent of the personnel due to the slow adoption this program requires in new of the cultural change it implies. The community's answer has been satisfactory, as it can be seen by the ware of 100 neighbours and school committees, and around the 2,000 housewives and school students who are been working as promoters. This figures stand monthly. The self-care groups on chronic diseases constitute another form of participation. The community activities are progressively focused on causes of health and disease, embracing our 70 per cent of health promotion and disease prevention actions. The work realized by the community over cause one third of that realized by the preventive medicine personnel. This health community participation model represents a valuable and viable alternative.

  8. [Influence of Instituto Mexicano de Seguro Social in the general mortality (1990-2005)].

    PubMed

    Fernández-Cantón, Soni

    2010-01-01

    The epidemiologic transition moves mortality towards the chronic diseases as the main causes and the elderly groups as their main targets. The Institute Mexican del Seguro Social (IMSS) contributes with 3 of every 10 deaths reported in the country. Mortality rates in men increased from 330.1 x 100,000 in 1990 to 485.4 in 2005. In women rates grew from 249.9 to 405.5 in the same period. Mortality patterns show a mayor contribution by the northern region and are different with regard to sex and age groups. The group under 20 years old have a lower contribution to mortality during the period studied. In the population insured by IMSS, the 60 to 79 age group in both sexes contributes with a major proportion of deaths.

  9. [The training of specialists at the Instituto Mexicano de Seguro Social. Towards a new evaluation system].

    PubMed

    Viniegra Velázquez, Leonardo

    2005-01-01

    We present the new system for the evaluation of the medical specialization courses at the IMSS which will substitute in 2005 the one used at present. This system derives from a participative conception of education and has as an axis the development of aptitudes. For participative education, knowledge is the result of the student's elaboration, and not the result of the consumption of information. An aptitude is the conjunction of knowledge, abilities and attitudes in a constant development which gives the bearer experience a growing penetration to understand the problematic situations that challenge him, a greater reach of the decisions and actions performed and progressive pertinence to positively influence the working environment. The new evaluation system is centered in the development of two types of aptitude: the clinical aptitude and the aptitude for the appropriate use of information sources. It has an explanatory and instructions section, as well as four types of forms: (a) evaluation of the aptitudes development through time. (b) Performance of activities (in the service and academic) related with the aptitudes seeking to develop. (c) Evaluation of the academic and working environment, and (d) self evaluation. With the new system of evaluation of the formation of medical specialists we pretend to contribute to the overcoming of the educative labors at the Institute, by orienting the professors' and students' reflection towards the main aspects of learning, as well as promote the criticism and self-criticism.

  10. [Lung diseases among HIV infected patients admitted to the "Instituto Nacional del Torax" in Santiago, Chile].

    PubMed

    Chernilo, Sara; Trujillo, Sergio; Kahn, Mariana; Paredes, Mónica; Echevarría, Ghislaine; Sepúlveda, Claudia

    2005-05-01

    Pulmonary diseases are common among HIV infected patients. The prevalence of the different diseases varies greatly. To identify the different pulmonary diseases that affect a Chilean population of HIV infected patients and to identify factors associated with in hospital mortality. Retrospective review of the clinical records of all HIV infected patients with lung diseases discharged from our institution during a period of 3.5 years. Collection of demographic and biomedical data. One hundred seventy one patients (aged 35.7 years, 86% men) had 236 episodes of lung diseases. Only 13.5% of the patients were receiving antiretroviral therapy and 18% were on pneumocystis prophylaxis. Infectious diseases accounted for 87% of the discharges, neoplasm for 5.1%. Pneumocystis jirovecii infection was responsible for 37.7% of the episodes, community acquired pneumonia was seen in 24.1% and mycobacterial diseases in 14.4%. Two or more conditions were present in 13.6%. Death during hospital stay occurred in 19.5%. Multivariate analysis identified pneumothorax as the only significant independent predictor of in-hospital mortality in patients with pneumocystis pneumonia, while nosocomial pneumonia was the only predictor of death among patients with non-pneumocystis pulmonary diseases. Infectious diseases were the main cause of hospitalization among Chilean HIV infected patients. Mortality among these patients remains high. Appropriate antiretroviral therapy and prophylaxis may alter pulmonary disease prevalence in the future. Every effort should be made to avoid the development of pneumothorax and nosocomial pneumonia.

  11. [The cord blood bank at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Peñaflor-Juárez, Karina; Guillén-Chan, Sonia Marilyn; Romero-Juárez, Yanín; Luna-Bautista, Fernando; Franco-Gutiérrez, Elizabeth; Arellano-Ocampo, Jesús Salvador; Ibáñez-Sánchez, Rocío; de Lourdes Domínguez-Contreras, María; Guerra-Márquez, Angel

    2015-01-01

    Hematopoietic stem cells have been used for over 50 years in the treatment of diverse diseases. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) has proved to be a viable source of hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation purposes. The aim was to report the contribution of the umbilical cord blood bank over the past 9 years, in the treatment of various diseases. Since 2005 the number of units of blood from the umbilical cord and their use for transplantation in diverse disease were analyzed. A selection of volunteer pregnant women in labor was performed. Umbilical cord blood was obtained from them, which underwent processing, cryopreservation and validation, as well as compatibility test before using for transplantation. Ten thousand and ninety nine candidates to donation were assessed, from whom 2481 unit of UCB were collected. Of these, 893 unit were processed and cryopreserved for transplantation. In 65% of cases there was histocompatibility between the cord cell and the receptors. Transplantation was done in 87 patients, 67% had hematologic neoplasias, who have received 140 units of UCB in 102 transplants. This Bank of UCB ranks second in the world in productivity according to the rate of utility of units in transplantation (3.3%). Our bank of UCB has been able to develop a cell line (hematopoietic stem cells) with international quality standards and has been beneficial for patients served by our institution with need of a transplant mainly in hemato-oncologic patients.

  12. Evaluations of the Antimicrobial Activities and Chemical Compositions of Body Fat from the Amphibians Leptodactylus macrosternum Miranda-Ribeiro (1926) and Leptodactylus vastus Adolf Lutz (1930) in Northeastern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Cabral, Mario Eduardo Santos; Dias, Diógenes de Queiroz; Sales, Débora Lima; Oliveira, Olga Paiva; Teles, Diego Alves; Filho, João Antonio de Araujo; de Sousa, José Guilherme Gonçalves; Coutinho, Henrique Douglas Melo; da Costa, José Galberto Martins; Kerntopf, Marta Regina; Alves, Rômulo Romeu da Nóbrega; Almeida, Waltécio de Oliveira

    2013-01-01

    Leptodactylus macrosternum and L. vastus (family: Leptodactylidae) are commonly encountered in the "Caatinga" biome in northern Brazil. The body fat of L. vastus is used as a zootherapeutic for treating a number of human maladies. The aim of this work was to determine the chemical composition of the body fats of L. macrosternum and L. vastus and to evaluate their antimicrobial activities as well as the ecological implications of their use in traditional folk medicine. Oils were extracted from body fat located in the ventral region of L. macrosternum (OLM) and L. vastus (OLV) using hexane as a solvent. The fatty acids were identified by GC-MS. The antimicrobial activities of the oils, either alone or in combination with antibiotics and antifungal drugs, were tested on standard strains of microorganisms as well as on multiresistant strains of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus. OLM contained 40% saturated and 60% unsaturated fatty acids, while OLV contained 58.33% saturated and 41.67% unsaturated fatty acids. Our results indicated that both OLM and OLV demonstrated relevant antimicrobial activities (with MIC 256  μ g/mL for both) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida krusei. However, no antimicrobial effects were observed when these oils were combined with antibiotics or antifungal drugs.

  13. Evaluations of the Antimicrobial Activities and Chemical Compositions of Body Fat from the Amphibians Leptodactylus macrosternum Miranda-Ribeiro (1926) and Leptodactylus vastus Adolf Lutz (1930) in Northeastern Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Cabral, Mario Eduardo Santos; Dias, Diógenes de Queiroz; Sales, Débora Lima; Oliveira, Olga Paiva; Teles, Diego Alves; Filho, João Antonio de Araujo; de Sousa, José Guilherme Gonçalves; Coutinho, Henrique Douglas Melo; da Costa, José Galberto Martins; Kerntopf, Marta Regina; Alves, Rômulo Romeu da Nóbrega; Almeida, Waltécio de Oliveira

    2013-01-01

    Leptodactylus macrosternum and L. vastus (family: Leptodactylidae) are commonly encountered in the “Caatinga” biome in northern Brazil. The body fat of L. vastus is used as a zootherapeutic for treating a number of human maladies. The aim of this work was to determine the chemical composition of the body fats of L. macrosternum and L. vastus and to evaluate their antimicrobial activities as well as the ecological implications of their use in traditional folk medicine. Oils were extracted from body fat located in the ventral region of L. macrosternum (OLM) and L. vastus (OLV) using hexane as a solvent. The fatty acids were identified by GC-MS. The antimicrobial activities of the oils, either alone or in combination with antibiotics and antifungal drugs, were tested on standard strains of microorganisms as well as on multiresistant strains of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus. OLM contained 40% saturated and 60% unsaturated fatty acids, while OLV contained 58.33% saturated and 41.67% unsaturated fatty acids. Our results indicated that both OLM and OLV demonstrated relevant antimicrobial activities (with MIC 256 μg/mL for both) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida krusei. However, no antimicrobial effects were observed when these oils were combined with antibiotics or antifungal drugs. PMID:23710241

  14. Design and Analysis of a Composite Tailcone for the XM-1002 Training Round

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    Adolfo Villalobos , Juan Serrano, George Husman, and Robert Brannon ARL-TR-4428 April 2008... Villalobos , Juan Serrano, and George Husman University of Alabama at Birmingham Robert Brannon National Composite Center...NUMBER 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) James M. Sands, James Garner, Peter Dehmer, Uday Vaidya,* Adolfo Villalobos ,* Juan

  15. Incidence and clinical characteristics of the infection by the respiratory syncytial virus in children admitted in Santa Casa de São Paulo Hospital.

    PubMed

    Pecchini, Rogério; Berezin, Eitan N; Felício, Maria C Calahani; Passos, Saulo D; Souza, Maria Cândido O de; Lima, Lourdes Rehder de Andrade Vaz de; Ueda, Mirthes; Matsumoto, Tokiko Kyomen; Durigon, Edison L

    2008-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the rate of infections due to RSV and other viruses in children. In addition we have analyzed demographic data and clinical characteristics of the RSV-positive patients comparing with patients infected by other respiratory viruses. We also described the seasonality of the RSV occurrence in a hospital in São Paulo. Children below 5 years old admitted in Santa Casa de São Paulo Hospital between February 2005 and September 2006 due to acute respiratory infections (ARI) were included. A nasopharyngeal specimens were obtained with sterile No. 5 French feeding catheters as soon as possible (usually within 24 h). Specimens were kept refrigerated at 4 degrees C and transported to Adolfo Lutz Institute, where the indirect immunofluorescent assay was performed. Virus identified by these assay included RSV, Adenovirus, Influenza A and B virus and Parainfluenza 1, 2, and 3. Clinical data from each group was compared. Four hundred and fifty five cases were included in the study, with 30% positive for some type of virus. Viruses that were identified included Respiratory Syncytial Virus (73.03%), Influenza (8.42%), Parainfluenza (8.42%) and Adenovirus (3.37%). We divided the subjects in 3 groups: Group 1 RSV-Positive, Group 2 Other Positive Viruses and Group 3 Negative for Respiratory Virus. Mean age (months) was of 7.5 for RSV-positive children, 7.6 for other viruses, and 8 for negative for respiratory virus. The RSV-Positive Group was significantly younger than the Group Negative for Respiratory Virus (p<0.05). Signs of UAI were more present in the Positive RSV Group (p<0.05). General mortality was of 2.41%. There was a higher incidence of RSV between the months of March and August in the two years of the study. Our study indicates RSV as the most prevalent viral agent in children admitted due to (ARI), especially in infants below 3 months old. We have also found that infections due to RSV can occur in months others than the classic

  16. Instituto Nacional de Electrification, Guatemala Load Dispatch Center and Global Communications Center. Feasibility report (Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion, Guatemala Centro Nacional de Despacho de Carga y Sistema Global de Comunicaciones). Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-07-01

    The report presents the results of a feasibility study for the National Load Dispatch Center and Global Communications System Project in Guatemala. The project consists of a communication system which will provide Institute Nacional de Electrificacion (INDE) operations personnel direct voice access to all major power system facilities. In addition, a modern computer based load dispatch center has been configured on a secure and reliable basis to provide automatic generation control of all major interconnected generating plants within Guatemala.

  17. Education for Management in Central America. The Role of the Library of the Instituto Centroamericano de Administracion de Empresas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloch, Thomas

    1973-01-01

    The institute, established in 1968, is a multinational organization for education in management at the post-graduate level. Its library, with five staff members, now has 4,000 volumes and receives 300 periodical publications: it should eventually become a Central American business and economic management information and research center. (Author/SJ)

  18. [Group psychotherapy. Operative groups at the Instituto del servico de seguridad Social de los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE)].

    PubMed

    Margolis, J

    1977-01-01

    An operational group is defined; how operational groups theory was applied at an ISSSTE clinic is described. It is underlined how operational groups promote change around the corerstone of a "task". The vicissitudes of an operational group with four psychiatrists who worked in community psychiatry at the ISSSTE, are described.

  19. [Family psychotherapy in medical institutions of the Instituto del Servicio de Seguridad Social de los Trabajadores del Estado].

    PubMed

    Serrano, H

    1977-01-01

    The evolution of family therapy in Mexico is briefly reviewed. It is considered that the reach of this method is limited in institutions due to the lack of qualified psychotherapists with the different orientations of this speciality. The illness, as a sign of family imbalance within the humanistic concept, acquires an even if the treatment is given to the marital couple, the adolescent or the child. Family therapy helps in marital disagreements, behavior problems, anorexia, reactive depression, drug addictions, alcoholism and many other problems. The ISSSTE population has a stable location and is more or less homogeneous; in it family therapy is stimulating and possible; even though the institution imposes certain limitations to family therapy, the enthusiasm for this therapeutic method prevails.

  20. [The heart transplant. The initial experience of the Instituto do Coração de Pernambuco].

    PubMed

    Moraes, C R; Rodrigues, J V; Tenório, D; Gomes, C A; Tenório, E; Moraes Neto, F; Marques, D; Bouwman, R; Coelho, T C; Levy, M

    1992-07-01

    To describe the initial experience of a heart transplant program in Recife, Pernambuco. Six patients in the final stage of heart failure were submitted to heart transplant. There were 4 male and 2 female patients, ranging in age from 15 to 61 years (mean, 43.8). Four had coronary heart disease and two dilated cardiomyopathy. The conventional operative technique of orthotopic heart transplant was used. All patients received a triple drug immunosuppressive therapy. There was one death due to acute rejection on the 28th postoperative day. The 5 survivors are in functional class I in a mean follow-up period of 113 days. The initial experience of a heart transplant program in Recife, Pernambuco, suggests that good long term results could be expected.

  1. [Pertussis in Mexico, an epidemiological overview. A study of 19 years at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Pérez-Pérez, Gabriela Fidela; Rojas-Mendoza, Teresita; Cabrera-Gaytán, David Alejandro; Grajales-Muñiz, Concepción

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: La infección por Bordetella pertussis ha sido un problema de salud pública en varios países desarrollados y en vías de desarrollo. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el panorama epidemiológico de los casos de síndrome coqueluchoide y tos ferina del subsistema especial de vigilancia epidemiológica de 1992 a 2011en una población con seguridad social. Métodos: Se obtuvieron los casos del subsistema especial de vigilancia epidemiológica de tos ferina de 1992 a 2011. Se hizo análisis univariado de tasas, razones y proporciones. Se determinó prueba de Wilson para proporciones a un valor alfa del 0.05, t de Student para diferencia de medias. Resultados: Se aprecian ciclos epidémicos, cada tres a cinco años, la incidencia basal promedio, sin contar los años epidémicos, se considera de 0.1 casos confirmados por cada 100 000 derechohabientes adscritos a medicina familiar, la mayor incidencia se registró en 1997 y 2009. Los más afectados han sido los menores de 1 año de edad y en brotes, la enfermedad se presentó en edades mayores. Conclusión: Durante el periodo se observan ciclos epidémicos intermedios de 5 y 3 años, la presentación de la edad es consistente en otros países.

  2. Re-training High School Teachers of English in Brazil: The Experience of the Instituto de Idiomas Yazigi.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomes de Matos, Francisco

    The Yazigi Project for the Teaching of English in Brazilian High Schools, a 2-year, nationwide program for the retraining of high school teachers of English as a foreign language, involved 2,210 teachers and a team of 60 teacher trainers and retrainers. Each training session lasted 6 days and totalled a minimum of 30 hours, with a maximum of 50…

  3. Education for Management in Central America. The Role of the Library of the Instituto Centroamericano de Administracion de Empresas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloch, Thomas

    1973-01-01

    The institute, established in 1968, is a multinational organization for education in management at the post-graduate level. Its library, with five staff members, now has 4,000 volumes and receives 300 periodical publications: it should eventually become a Central American business and economic management information and research center. (Author/SJ)

  4. [Trends in thyroid surgery at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    Herrera, M F; López, C M; Saldaña, J; Pérez, B; Rivera, R; González, O; Angeles, A; Letayf, V

    1995-01-01

    The diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disease has significantly changed with time. With the aim of analysing changes in thyroid surgery in our institution, a representative sample of patients from the first three years in four decades (1960-1992) were comparatively analysed. In the sixties, the diagnosis of thyroid cancer was made during surgery; by contrast, this diagnosis was correctly done by fine needle aspiration (FNA) in most patients of the last decade. Thyroid lobectomy, infrequently used in the treatment of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in earlier times, has now been abandoned and currently most patients undergo total or near-total thyroidectomy. Complications such as hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis have importantly decreased with time and were not seen in the last decade. A trend toward an earlier diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma was also observed. In summary, the number of thyroidectomies for benign diseases has been importantly reduced by the use of FNA with the proportional increment of surgery for malignant disease.

  5. [Membranous glomerulonephritis. Experience at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    Correa-Rotter, R; Gamba, G; Ochoa, C; Onuma, L; Reyes, E; Tamayo, J A; Peña, J C

    1990-01-01

    The purpose of this retrospective study was to study the incidence of idiopathic and secondary forms of membranous nephropathy in our institution, its clinical course and progression to chronic renal failure, and the risk factors associated with it. Two hundred fourteen (16%) of the 1,287 renal biopsies obtained between 1962 and 1988 were primary glomerular diseases and 28 of this 214 (13%) were idiopathic membranous nephropathy. On the other hand 59 of 1,287 biopsies were membranous nephropathy of whom 28 were idiopathic, 27 secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus, 2 due to drugs, one associated with rheumatoid arthritis, and one more with breast cancer. The clinical picture was: nephrotic syndrome in 84%, hypertension in 15%, non-nephrotic proteinuria in 14%, chronic renal failure in 8.4%, and renal vein thrombosis in 6.3%. In the idiopathic group 75% of the patients were male while in the lupus group 85% were female. For the analysis of progression to chronic renal failure we excluded 5 patients with renal failure when the biopsy was taken, 2 because the nephropathy was due to drugs, one associated with breast cancer, and nine were within the first year of follow-up. Thus, for this analysis the group consisted of 22 patients with idiopathic form and 20 with systemic lupus erythematosus. The idiopathic and lupus groups were similar except for a lower serum albumin in the former. The progression to renal failure was seen in 9 patients: six in the idiopathic group and the other 3 in the lupus group; this difference was not significant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  6. [Mesenteric cyst in the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño, Lima, Peru: a case report].

    PubMed

    Cucho, Janetliz; Ormeño, Alexis; Valdivieso Falcon, Lidia; Pereyra, Sonia; Ramos Rodríguez, Karen

    2013-01-01

    Mesenteric cysts are rare abdominal tumors. About 60% of these cysts occurs before 5 years of age and can be located anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, but are most often found in the small bowel mesentery. The clinical presentation depends on the location and size of the cyst and many cases are asymptomatic and are diagnosed incidentally. The most common symptoms are abdominal pain, bloating, abdominal mass, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, weight loss, fever and peritonitis. Complications include torsion, infarction, volvulus formation, perforation, infection, anemia, intracystic hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction and obstructive uropathy. They are typically treated by simple excision, marsupialization or segmental bowel resection and have excellent long-term prognosis.

  7. Hodgkin's disease in children: seventeen years experience at the Instituto Português de Oncologia de Francisco Gentil.

    PubMed

    Patrício, M B; De Sousa, J V

    1981-10-01

    The experience of 52 children with Hodgkin's disease was reviewed. Compared with Hodgkin's disease in adults there was an increased incidence among boys. Mixed cellularity (MC) was the most common histologic type (60.5% in boys, and 64.4% in girls) as was also observed in adults (61.1% in men and 63.0% in women). The methods of therapy consisted of three main groups: extended-field radiotherapy (EFRT) + MOPP; involved-field radiotherapy (IVRT) + MOPP, 44.4% for IVRT + Monochemotherapy, and 80% for EFRT alone. The progressive improvement in results was associated with the change from IVRT to EFRT and the introduction of multiagent chemotherapy.

  8. Management and results of endometrial carcinoma treated at Instituto Português de Oncologia de Francisco Gentil.

    PubMed

    Tavares, M A; Patricio, M B; Vilhena, M; Da Silva, J N

    1977-02-01

    The experience of 260 patients with endometrial carcinoma was reviewed. The influence of factors such as age, stage of disease, grade and degree of myometrial penetration on the survival was presented, showing that survival decreases in elderly patients, in patients with advanced stage of disease, when the tumor is undifferentiated, and when the tumor deeply penetrates the myometrium. The methods of therapy, fall into three main groups: surgery, radiotherapy, and combined therapy, the latter yielding the best 5-year survival rate, in all stages. The incidence of vaginal recurrences was low, probably due to the fact that 68.8% of the patients were treated by a combined therapeutic modality.

  9. ["The Use and Control of Stress". A program applied to workers of the IMSS. Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Maldonado-Islas, G; Mancera-Pérez, A A

    1997-01-01

    Stress, is considered to be a bodily response to both internal and environmental stimuli, is a live and unavoidable energy. It is important and necessary to learn to use it beneficially. In order to determine the utility of the educational program. "The use use and control of stress", a quasi-experimental study was conducted in 1993, in which 39 voluntary Zone I General Hospital (IMSS Tlaxcala State Delegation) workers were selected, based on stress levels over 3 points as found in an institutional validated to measure the stress level. Five groups were set up, and eight weekly educative interventions, composed of cognitive contents including stress, relaxation techniques, and techniques for living of 90 minutes each were attended by the members of these groups, utilizing groups dynamics. The results were analyzed in simple absolute and relative frequencies, as well as by Student's t tests. They show a reduction stress levels in 94.8% of the participants, which represents a 69.1% general gain, with p = < 0.005. The conclusion is that learning related with the use and control of stress is an alternative to improve the mental health of the individual and as concerns the work environment, to modify attitude of the IMSS worker.

  10. [Historic account of infirmary at the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología "Ignacio Chávez"].

    PubMed

    Loredo Díaz, Luz Pérez

    2007-01-01

    The historical process of the infirmary has had great evolution in Mexico its beginnings, in the professional order, have taken to a great height to the National Institute of Cardiology; in the year of 1944, the Dr. Ignacio Chávez had great vision and assertivity when considering to religious nurses to direct different services to it; they have been and are at the moment an essential piece to continue the evolution of infirmary in the National Institute of Cardiology. It is possible to mention that the historical way of the infirmary must to the effort of the group of nuns who have known to guide and to lead to the team of nurses of the Institute, promoting at any moment the quality of attention provided to the patients with cardiovascular affections.

  11. Re-training High School Teachers of English in Brazil: The Experience of the Instituto de Idiomas Yazigi.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomes de Matos, Francisco

    The Yazigi Project for the Teaching of English in Brazilian High Schools, a 2-year, nationwide program for the retraining of high school teachers of English as a foreign language, involved 2,210 teachers and a team of 60 teacher trainers and retrainers. Each training session lasted 6 days and totalled a minimum of 30 hours, with a maximum of 50…

  12. Instituto de Fisica, UFRGS, CP 15051, 91501-970, Porto Alegre RS, Brazil: Replica theory of granular media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arenzon, Jeferson J.

    1999-03-01

    An infinite range spin-glass-like model for granular systems is introduced and studied through the replica mean-field formalism. Equilibrium, density-dependent properties under vibration and gravity are obtained that qualitatively resemble the results from real and numerical experiments.

  13. O Curso de Pedagogia e os Institutos Superiores (The Course in Education and Institutes of Higher Learning).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coelho, Maria do Socorro da C.

    2000-01-01

    Registers the great tension experienced on a national level in the courses responsible for training the educator, particularly the Teacher Education courses. States that the current debate is around the "locus" of the training of educators (Institutes versus Universities). Reflects on these problems. (BT)

  14. [Surgical treatment of multinodular goiter at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    López, L H; Herrera, M F; Gamino, R; González, O; Pérez-Enriquez, B; Rivera, R; Gamboa-Domínguez, A; Angeles-Angeles, A; Rull, J A

    1997-01-01

    Surgical treatment is the first option for patients with obstructive multinodular goiter. The extent of the resection and the use of postoperative hormonal therapy are, on the other hand, still under debate. To analyze the results of surgical treatment in 101 patient with multinodular goiter seen from 1980 to 1995. The clinical/pathologic charts of all patients were reviewed with emphasis to the clinical diagnosis, extent of resection, final histology, type and number of complications, and long-term follow-up. The mean follow-up was three years (range 0.5-12). Ten males and 91 females with a mean age of 46 years were included. Surgery was recommended for a nodule suspicious of malignancy in 60 patients, for airway compression in 33, and for cosmetic reasons in eight. Unilateral lobectomy was performed in 30, bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy in 55 and total thyroidectomy in 16. Postoperative hormone therapy was administrated to 83 patients. Surgical complications occurred in six patients. Four developed permanent hypoparathyroidism and two vocal cord paralysis. There was no operative mortality. A final diagnosis of multinodular goiter was established in 89 whereas 12 had cancer. There were three asymptomatic recurrences in the group with benign lesions (they had undergone unilateral lobectomy followed by hormonal therapy). Bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy was the best treatment for multinodular goiter in our series. This procedure had few complications and there was no recurrence of the disease.

  15. [Anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    Sierra, M; Gamboa-Domínguez, A; Herrera, M F; Barredo-Prieto, B; Alvarado de la Barrera, C; Llorente, L; Pérez-Enriquez, B; Rivera, R; González, O; Rull, J A

    1997-01-01

    Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a highly aggressive tumor with a median survival rate of 6 months. To analyze presentation, treatment, morphology, immunohistochemistry, and nuclear DNA analysis of a cohort of patients with ATC. Twelve patients with ATC (11 female) with a mean age of 65 years were seen at our hospital from 1970-1995. The data were obtained from the clinical records and the morphology, immunohistochemic studies and DNA pattern were performed in slides obtained from archival specimens. Previous or coexisting thyroide disease was documented in 10 patients (9 multinodular goiters and one Grave's). The most frequent presentation was a rapidly growing tumor associated with dysphagia, cervical pain, hoarseness and dyspnea. A cold thyroid nodule was detected by thyroid scan in 10 patients. The most frequent subtype was the spindle cell variety. Papillary thyroid carcinoma coexisted in eight cases, two of them corresponded to the tall cell variant. Reactivity for S-100 protein and vimentin was studied in six patients: all were positive for S-100 protein and vimentin, 5/6 for epithelial membrane antigen, half for carcinoembriogenic antigen, 2/6 for thyroglobulin and calcitonin, and one for neuronal specific enolase. These six tumors showed a diploid DNA pattern. Tumor resection was achieved in 2/11 and none survived six years after diagnosis. ATC is a highly aggressive tumor coexisting with thyroid pathologies. Spindle cell variant is the most frequent with positive reactivity for S-100 protein, vimentin and epithelial membrane antigen. Most tumors have a diploid DNA content.

  16. O Curso de Pedagogia e os Institutos Superiores (The Course in Education and Institutes of Higher Learning).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coelho, Maria do Socorro da C.

    2000-01-01

    Registers the great tension experienced on a national level in the courses responsible for training the educator, particularly the Teacher Education courses. States that the current debate is around the "locus" of the training of educators (Institutes versus Universities). Reflects on these problems. (BT)

  17. [Evaluation of the voluntary family planning program of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. I. Generalities, socioeconomic and demographic characteristics].

    PubMed

    Gallegos, A J; García Peña, J; Keller, A

    1977-02-01

    The Voluntary Family Planning Program (PPFV) of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS), established in 1972, provides clinic services for clients both with or without health insurance. From 1972 to 1976 PPFV has provided services to 998,000 acceptors. A PPFV-IMSS pilot study done from November 1974 to April 1975 showed that 53% of the acceptors are between 25 to 34 years old, with an average of 29.9. About 22% are in the age group 15-24 years; 25% are older than 34. 26.4% have 2 or less living children; 58.3% have less than 4 living children. 23% desire more children, the mean being 0.4 children. 7.7% had no formal education; 38.7% had completed primary education. Average family income is 3000 pesos per month. Before entering the program, 43% had used some contraceptive method, mainly oral contraceptives. These acceptor characteristics are the common ones observed in the initial phases of any family planning program, e.g., the acceptors are older, high parity women with more education and higher incomes. IMSS data, and data collected by the Social Security Administration, indicate that marginal groups of the population have not been reached yet. The PPFV-IMSS program has been relatively successful in covering high risk women, but low risk women and women with little education and low income continue to be underrepresented. There may be 1 million sexually active teenagers unprotected by contraception. The health and demographic impacts the program hopes to attain may be lessened by the percentage of women who had already been practicing contraception prior to entering the program. The program should redouble its efforts to attract acceptors who have never practiced contraception.

  18. [Coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality trends at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. An ecological study of trends].

    PubMed

    Escobedo-de la Peña, Jorge; Rodríguez-Ábrego, Gabriela; Buitrón-Granados, Luisa Virginia

    2010-01-01

    To analyze secular trends of coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality in Mexicans protected by the Mexican Institute of Social Security. An ecological trend analysis study was conducted on coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality in the Mexican population protected by the Institute. All deaths were adjusted for miscoding and misclasification and rates were age - adjusted according to the age distribution proposed by the World Health Organization. Hospital discharges, as well as the number of patients seeking medical care for coronary heart disease, were analyzed as an indirect incidence measure. Fatality rates and the mean number of hospitalization days were also estimated. Coronary heart disease mortality has shown a stable trend at the end of last century and a descending trend in the in the first year of this century, both in males (r=0.84;r2=0.70; p <0.001) as in females (r = -0.76; r2 =0.57; p <0.001). There is an age-effect on mortality; mortality is higher in males, mainly at younger ages (male-female rate = 3.44). Fatality rates have progressively decreased and the mean age of death has increased by four years in the last two decades. The stable trend and later descent on coronary heart disease mortality may be best explained by an increase in the quality of health care and secondary prevention. Nevertheless, there is a need to strengthen primary prevention by modifying exposure to major cardiovascular risk factors in Mexicans.

  19. [Clindrical battery in the stomach in the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño, Lima, Peru].

    PubMed

    Alarcón Olivera, César; Ormeño Julca, Alexis

    2013-01-01

    The ingestion of foreign bodies (EC) is a problem commonly seen by pediatricians and emergency physicians. The intake is almost always accidental and most common objects are coins, pieces of toys, jewelry or batteries. The button batteries are the most common, in which case is important early diagnosis and removal. The cylindrical battery ingestion is very rare, are typically alkaline manganese or nickel-cadmium (rechargeable) and when ingested they can cause toxic and corrosive damage. Such damage may occur as a result of the effect of acid gastric contents sustained over a period of days or weeks. We report the case of a patient who accidentally ingested a cylindrical battery, which was removed from the stomach endoscopically without complications.

  20. Scientific collections, tropical medicine and the development of entomology in Brazil: the contribution of Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.

    PubMed

    Sá, M Romero

    2008-12-01

    The entomological collection of the Institute Oswaldo Cruz is one of the most representative of neotropical insects, comprising a diverse variety of specimens of distinct taxonomic groups, including those not linked to research in tropical medicine. The present work retraces the history of the collection and reports on its main actors and their professional relationships, emphasizing the peculiarity of such an important collection still being housed in a medical research institution.

  1. Institutos Superiores de Formacion Docente: Profesorado de Nivel Elemental (Higher Institutes for Teacher Training: Elementary School Teachers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerio de Cultura y Educacion, Buenos Aires (Argentina). Centro National de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa.

    This booklet describes and explains the Argentine educational reform, instituted in March 1971, concerning the training of elementary school teachers in institutions of higher learning. The legislation cited here establishes areas of study and qualifications. The document also contains a discussion of previous teacher education and the bases and…

  2. [Early and long term results of mechanical aortic valve replacement at the Instituto Nacional del Torax in Chile].

    PubMed

    Villavicencio, Mauricio; Turner, Eduardo; Naranjo, Lorenzo

    2005-10-01

    Mechanical aortic valve replacement (AVR) results have been published extensively in industrialized countries. To assess our immediate and late results in patients subjected to AVR. We retrospectively studied 194 patients subjected to isolated AVR between 1995 and 2003. Mean age was 57 +/- 13 years and 119 (61%) were male. One hundred thirty nine (73%) were in functional class III-IV, 20 (10%) had a previous cardiac operation and 25 (13%) were operated as an emergency. Surgical indication was stenosis in 110 (58%), regurgitation in 49 (26%) and stenosis/regurgitation in 31 (16%). Etiology was bicuspid valve 56 (29%), degenerative lesions 55 (28%), rheumatic valve disease 38 (20%) and endocarditis 27 (14%). Medtronic Hall was the most common prosthesis used in 157 patients (81%). Mean cardiopulmonary bypass time 97 +/- 29 min and mean cross clamp time was 69 +/- 21 min. Operative mortality was 4.6% (3% in elective surgery, 16% in emergency surgery and 0% in reoperations). Follow-up was complete in 100% of cases, totalizing 636 patients-year. Survival was 91 +/- 2%, 80 +/- 4% and 73 +/- 6%, at 1, 5 and 7 years, respectively. Multivariate risk analysis identified renal failure and endocarditis as predictors of early and late mortality. During follow up, the linear incidence rate for hemorrhage was 3.29% /patients-year, thromboembolism 2.04% patients-year and endocarditis 1.1% patients-year. AVR has low overall and elective mortality. Midterm survival is good but linear event rates related to anticoagulant treatment are higher than those previously published in industrialized countries. Renal failure and endocarditis were risk factors for early and late death.

  3. [In vitro susceptibility of streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from lower respiratory infections in Instituto Nacional del Tórax (INT)].

    PubMed

    Soler, Tamara; Salamanca, Lucía; Arbo, Guillermo; Molina, Eliana

    2002-03-01

    The rising antimicrobial resistance of streptococcus pneumoniae, requires permanent surveillance. Antimicrobial treatments of invasive infections must be modified accordingly. To assess the in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from lower respiratory infections. Seventy five strains isolated during three periods in consecutive years were studied. In vitro susceptibility towards penicillin, erythromycin and ceftriaxone was studied using E-test technique minimal inhibitory concentrations. Five percent of strains were penicillin resistant and 11% had an intermediate sensitivity. Erythromycin resistance was observed in 1.3% of strains. Eight percent of strains had an intermediate sensitivity towards ceftriaxone and no resistance was observed. Comparing susceptibility in the three studied periods, it remained low and stable. High and intermediate resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae towards penicillin is less prevalent than in other countries. A close surveillance must be maintained (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 304-8).

  4. Cellular Basis for Learning Impairment in Fragile X Syndrome

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    mice. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 5 (2013) Article 39. (APPENDIX 3) 2. Larson, J., Drew, K.L., Folkow, L.P., Milton , S.L., & Park, T.J. No...neurotransmitter release ( Milton and Lutz, 1998; Milton et al., 2002; Thompson et al., 2007), and increased neural inhibition (Lutz and Manuel, 1999...early anoxia ( Milton and Lutz, 2005; Milton et al., 2002). In longer anoxic exposures, glutamate release is suppressed by adenosine and GABA (Thompson et

  5. [Lactate levels as a predictor of mortality in patients with septic shock].

    PubMed

    Jasso-Contreras, Gualterio; González-Velázquez, Felipe; Bello-Aguilar, Leidiana; García-Carrillo, Andrea; Muñoz-Rodríguez, Mario Ramón; Pereda-Torales, Luis

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: el objetivo fue determinar la asociación que existe entre los niveles de lactato sérico y la mortalidad de los pacientes con choque séptico en el Servicio de Urgencias del Centro Médico Nacional “Adolfo Ruiz Cortines” del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Métodos: se estudiaron los pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Urgencias con diagnóstico de choque séptico y a quienes se les determinó lactato sérico al ingreso durante el periodo que abarca de enero a diciembre de 2013; se trató de un estudio de casos y controles. El valor de corte del lactato sérico asociado a mortalidad se realizó con las curvas ROC (del inglés receiver operating characteristic: característica operativa del receptor). Resultados: se estudiaron 67 pacientes del mes de enero al mes de diciembre del 2013. Sobrevivieron 56 (casos) y murieron 11 (controles). No hubo asociación con el género, la edad y las comorbilidades. El valor de corte para mortalidad del lactato sérico fue de 4.9 mmol/L. Fallecieron 10 de 40 pacientes con niveles de lactato > 4.9 mmol/L en comparación con solo uno de 27, con < 4.9 mmol/L, (p = 0.04) y razón de momios de 8.7. La mortalidad con valores de lactato > 4.9 mmol/L tuvo una sensibilidad de 90.9 % y una especificidad de 46.4 %. Conclusiones: los niveles de lactato sérico mayores a 4 mmol/L están asociados a un mayor riesgo de mortalidad en pacientes con choque séptico.

  6. Latin America Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-08-29

    Garranza, Rodolfo Tapia Molina, Octavio Caldera Noguera, Horacio Fernandez Raudez, Drs Cesar Amador Kuhl, Gonzalo Ramirez Morales, Ramiro Guevara...director of immigration; Antonio Ramirez Barreto, head of the legal department; Adolfo Simon, delegate at the Mexico City International Airport

  7. Detection of Dientamoeba fragilis in patients with HIV/AIDS by using a simplified iron hematoxylin technique.

    PubMed

    Garcia, Juliana Alves; Cimerman, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    Studies strongly indicate Dientamoeba fragilis as one of the causes of diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of D. fragilis associated with the causes of diarrhea in 82 HIV/ AIDS patients hospitalized at the Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas from September 2006 to November 2008. In total, 105 samples were collected from 82 patients. Unprotected sex was the most frequent cause of HIV infection (46.3%), followed by the use of injectable or non-injectable drugs (14.6%). Patients presented with viral loads of 49-750,000 copies/ mL (average: 73,849 ± 124,850 copies/mL) and CD4 counts ranging of 2-1,306 cells/mm³ (average: 159 ± 250 cells/mm³). On an average, the odds of obtaining a positive result by using the other techniques (Hoffman, Pons and Janer or Lutz; Ritchie) were 2.7 times higher than the chance of obtaining a positive result by using the simplified iron hematoxylin method. Significant differences were found between the methods (p = 0.003). The other techniques can detect a significantly greater amount of parasites than the simplified iron hematoxylin method, especially with respect to Isospora belli, Cryptosporidium sp., Schistosoma mansoni, and Strongyloides stercoralis, which were not detected using hematoxylin. Endolimax nana and D. fragilis were detected more frequently on using hematoxylin, and the only parasite not found by the other methods was D. fragilis.

  8. [Morbility at the Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía Manuel Velasco Suárez, 1995-2001].

    PubMed

    Jiménez-Marcial, María Esther; Velásquez-Pérez, Leora

    2004-01-01

    Hospital statistics are very important as tools that help to define research objectives and design health programs. To determine the main causes of hospital morbility at the Manuel Velasco Suárez National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery (MVS-NINN) between 1995 and 2001. Data were taken from the electronic database of morbidity and mortality of MVS-NINN. All outpatient records between 1995 and 2001 were considered. We calculated trends and specific rates of morbidity per 100 discharged patients. The main causes of morbility were brain tumors, schizophrenic illness, neurocysticercosis, and stroke. We found a statistically significant declining time-trend of schizophrenic illness and in non-traumatic brain hemorrhage in males. In the case of females, we observed an increasing time-trend of benign meningeal tumors. The age groups more affected in both genders were those < 51 years of age. This study is not a population study, but it helps to increase knowledge of the main causes of hospitalization at one of the most important neurologic institutions in the world, which provides care for thinsured population throughout Mexico. These findings facilitate analysis and decision-making to undertake specifications to improve the quality of neurologic medical attention.

  9. [Prevalence of hip, femur and knee fractures at the High Specialty Medical Unit, Hospital de Traumatología y Ortopedia "Lomas Verdes", Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Lovato-Salas, F; Luna-Pizarro, D; Oliva-Ramírez, S A; Flores-Lujano, J; Núñez-Enríquez, J C

    2015-01-01

    Lower limb fractures are more frequent among older patients with osteopenia after a low energy fall and/or among young patients who sustain a high energy trauma. The prevalence of hip, femur and knee fractures at the High Specialty Medical Unit, Hospital de Traumatología y Ortopedia "Lomas Verdes" is unknown. Cross-sectional study, descriptive and retrospective design. Cases with low extremity fractures treated from January 1st, 2012 to December 31st, 2013 at the Hip, Femur and Knee Service, High Specialty Medical Unit, Hospital de Traumatología y Ortopedia "Lomas Verdes", were reviewed. Most patients (52.2%) were females; 64.1% of patients were over 60 years of age. Fracture distribution according to the segment involved was as follows: 73.4% (n = 1,327) were femur fractures, 13.5% (n = 244) tibial plateau fractures, and 13.2% (n = 238) patellar fractures. 66.8% (n = 1,209) of patients had a long hospital stay (more than 10 days). According to the anatomical location of fractures, transtrochanteric fractures (49.1%) were the most frequent ones, followed by patellar fractures (13.2%), and femur shaft fractures (12.7%). The prevalence of lower limb fractures at our hospital corresponds to what has been reported internationally.

  10. [Guideline for the assessment of clinical research proposals. Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Mejía-Aranguré, Juan Manuel; Grijalva-Otero, Israel; Majluf-Cruz, Abraham; Cruz-López, Miguel; Núñez-Enríquez, Juan Carlos; Salamanca-Gómez, Fabio Abdiel

    2013-01-01

    Medical research is a fundamental tool to achieve the advancement of science, through the improvement of strategies aimed to protect, promote and restore an individual's and society's health. Three characteristics are required to obtain approval of the research proposal: scientific relevance, technical quality and the accomplishment of ethical issues. The present review aimed at the determination of the specific criteria to perform a critical review of research proposals. A research was carried out in the PubMed, Medline, Ovid and Google Scholar databases, using the terms: peer review, research proposals, review and protocols, and reviewers. A total of 3546 related articles were reviewed, without finding a guide to critically assess research proposals. The guides to assess research articles consider that the quality criteria of the study should have been present since the study's conception; many of the issues described to review articles are incorporated in the review of the research proposals. The specific criteria were integrated to allow the reviewer to critically assess research proposals of different areas with scientific basis. The reviewer of research proposals should be considered as a professional that contributes to the promotion of knowledge advancement through his/her comments, which allow researchers to improve the quality of research proposals.

  11. [Group psychotherapy. Experience with a changing process at a clinic of the Instituto del Servicio de Seguridad Social de los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE)].

    PubMed

    Velasco de Ongay, M E

    1977-01-01

    The problems of an ISSSTE clinic were approached within the general systems theory and it was observed that within the group there existed forces to maintain the status-quo and forces towards change; to produce the latter the group was handled during 20 hours with a slightly directive technique. The goals were to improve interpersonal relationships, to increase communication, to make known to individuals their attitudes within a group and make them sensitive to problems they shared with others. The results were good, the status-quo was broken and change started occurring.

  12. [Hospital bacteremia at the "Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP": a four-year retrospective study].

    PubMed

    Camargo, L F; Strabelli, T M; Ribeiro, F G; Mendes, C M; Uip, D E; Bellotti, G M; Pileggi, F J

    1994-01-01

    We conducted a retrospective study to establish mortality rates and prevalence of nosocomial bacteremias at our institute. We found 1.21 nosocomial bacteremias per 100 hospital discharges with an overall Mortality rate of 29.5%. Primary bacteremias increased during the four-year-study-period from 31 to 41%. Staphylococcus, both coagulase-positive and coagulase-negative, was the bacteria most frequently isolated. An abrupt increase in the isolation of P.aeruginosa occurred in 1992. We concluded that a blood-culture surveillance program is required for determining an endemic rate.

  13. Secular trends in a population with ischemic heart disease admitted to the Instituto do Coração in São Paulo.

    PubMed

    Caramelli, Bruno; Fornari, Luciana Savoy; Monachini, Maristela; Ballas, Dália; Fachini, Nilson Roberto; Mansur, Antônio de Pádua; Ramires, José Antônio Franchini

    2003-10-01

    To assess the clinical and demographic characteristics of a population with ischemic heart disease admitted in the final decades of the 20th century. This study retrospectively assessed patients hospitalized with ischemic heart disease divided into the following 2 groups: acute group - 11.181 patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted from 1/1/82 to 12/31/94; and chronic group - 4.166 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery from 1/1/84 to 12/31/94. In the acute group, an increase in the percentage of females (from 22.7% to 27.7%, P<0.001) and diabetic individuals (from 12.4% to 17.5%, P<0.001) was observed, as was an increase in age (from 57.4 +/- 11.5 to 59.9 +/- 12.1 years, P<0.05). In-hospital mortality was greater among females (27.8% and 15.7%, P=0.001), among diabetic individuals (24.2% and 17.8%, P=0.001), and among the elderly (60.9 +/- 15.2 and 57.7 +/- 11.8 years, P=0.0001). In the chronic group, an increase in the percentage of females (from 17.5% to 27.2%, P=0.001) was observed, as was an increase in age (from 56.3 +/- 8.6 to 60.5 +/- 9.6 years, P=0.0001). In-hospital mortality was greater among females (8.3% and 5.8%, P<0.05) and among the elderly (58.1 +/- 9.1 and 62.1 +/- 7.9 years, P=0.0001). The characteristics of the population studied with ischemic heart disease point towards a worse prognosis, due to the greater percentages of females, older patients, and diabetic patients, groups known to have greater in-hospital mortality.

  14. Demographic characteristics of the population undergoing cine coronary angiography at the Instituto do Coração of the Medical School of USP from 1986 to 1995.

    PubMed

    Caramelli, Bruno; Fornari, Luciana Savoy; Monachini, Maristela; Ballas, Dália; Fachini, Nilson Roberto; de Pádua Mansur, Antônio; Ramires, José Antônio Franchini

    2003-09-01

    To obtain information about the profile and behavior of a population with ischemic heart disease undergoing cine coronary angiography and to determine disease severity. Retrospective study assessing patients hospitalized at InCor from 1986 to 1995, in which the variables age, sex, and number of major coronary arteries with obstruction degree > or =40% were analyzed. We studied 18,221 patients and observed a significant increase in the number of females (22.8% to 25.2%, P=0.001) and an increase in age (57.1 +/- 29.3 to 60.4 +/- 10.7 years, P=0.0001). A significant increase in the incidence of multivessel disease was observed, which was more frequent among males (69.2% and 64.5%) and among the older patients (59.8 +/- 9.8 and 56.8 +/- 10.7 years, P=0.0001). A reduction in the incidence of single-vessel disease was also observed (66.2% vs 69.2% and 33.8% vs 30.5%, respectively, P<0.0001). A change in the profile of the population studied was observed as follows: patients undergoing cine coronary angiography at InCor were older, had a greater number of impaired major coronary arteries, and the number of females affected increased, leading to indices suggestive of a poorer prognosis.

  15. [Algorithm management for detection of monoclonal gammopathies in serum. Experience of the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología in México].

    PubMed

    Guarner, J; Ramírez, E C; Sobrevilla, P

    1995-12-01

    Most patients with multiple myeloma have an abnormal band in the gamma region of protein electrophoresis. To correlate the clinical diagnosis with patterns of protein electrophoresis. Retrospective analysis of all protein electrophoresis or immunoglobulin quantification requested during 1992 and review of clinical charts of patients. During 1992, 553 protein electrophoresis were requested. Of these, 344 were repetitions and 209 came from patients seen for the first time. Among the latter, we found a monoclonal component in 40. Of these 40 patients, 35 had a multiple myeloma, one had a plasmocytoma and four a non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Fourteen patients with diagnosis of myeloma did not have a monoclonal component in protein electrophoresis. These figures resulted in a 71% sensitivity and 97% specificity for monoclonal components in the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. The monoclonal component of patients with myeloma was characterized as IgG in 29 (60%), IgA in 5 (10%) and IgM in one. A monoclonal component present in a protein electrophoresis has a high diagnostic accuracy for multiple myeloma.

  16. [Septic abortion in the Hospital de Ginecología y Obstetricia no. 3 del Instituto Mexicana de Seguridad Social. Late and early morbidity].

    PubMed

    López Ortiz, E; Sandoval Sevilla, S; Arteaga, V M; Rosas Arceo, J; Ortíz Arroyo, R

    1974-02-01

    268 cases of septic abortion which occurred between 1964-72 in a large metropolitan hospital in Mexico were analyzed retrospecively. There cases represented 0.88% of all cases of abortion during the same time. Most patients were between 21-30, and 48% with parity 2-5; 63% were at their first abortion; only 16 patients declared to have attempted abortion, and most cases were first trimester abortion. Pre- and postoperative procedures and vital signs were carefully taken, and time elapsed from medical treatment to surgery was 4-12 hours. There were 237 curettages, and 28 hysterectomies. Complication from surgery were 4.1%; there were 19 deaths, i.e. 7.5% of patients, of which 10 only 24 hours after hospitalization. Protocol of treatment of septic abortion is discussed, and surgical treatment highly recommended.

  17. [Prevalence of breast cancer sub-types by immunohistochemistry in patients in the Regional General Hospital 72, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social].

    PubMed

    Pérez-Rodríguez, Gabriel

    2015-01-01

    Breast cancer mortality has increased in women 25 years and over, and since 2006 it has surpassed cervical cancer. Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, with several clinical and histological presentations that require a thorough study of all clinical and pathological parameters, including immunohistochemistry to classify it into subtypes, have a better prognosis, provide individualised treatment, increase survival, and reduce mortality. To evaluate the prevalence of sub-types of breast cancer and the association with the clinical and histopathological features of the tumour. An observational, retrospective, cross-sectional and analytical study conducted on 1380 patients with a diagnosis of breast cancer have been classified by immunohistochemistry into four subtypes: luminal A, triple negative, luminal B and HER2. An analysis was performed on the association with age, risk factors, and the clinical and histopathological features of the tumour. The mean age of the patients was 53.3 ± 11.4. The frequency was luminal A (65%), triple negative (14%), luminal B (12%), and HER2 (9%). The most frequent characteristics were the 50 to 59 age range, late menopause, the right side, upper external quadrant, stage II, metastatic lymph nodes, and mastectomy. The most frequent sub-type was luminal A, and together with the luminal B are those which have better prognosis compared with the triple negative and HER2. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  18. [Comparison of 2 chemotherapy protocols in adult acute myeloblastic leukemia. Results of the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán cooperative group].

    PubMed

    Lobato-Mendizábal, E; Ruiz-Argüelles, G J; Labardini-Méndez, J; Gómez-Almaguer, D; Ganci-Cerrud, G; Lozano-de-la-Vega, A

    1992-01-01

    Up to now, the best treatment for patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is the induction of bone marrow hypoplasia by ablative combined chemotherapy; the prototype of these schedules is the so-called 7 + 3 (seven days of continuous infusion of cytarabine and three days of one-hour infusion of any anthracycline); these schedules require the support of both platelet transfusions and antibiotics. Other non-ablative schedules have also been tried in the treatment of such patients. Here we analyze the results of the treatment of 76 adult patients with AML; 43 were treated with the classical 7 + 3 schedule, whereas 33 were treated with a combination of chemotherapy used in non-ablative doses (TADOP: thioguanine, arabinosyl-citosine, doxorrubicin, vincristine and prednisone). The results were as follows, respectively, for 7 + 3 and TADOP: complete remission (CR) was achieved in 60 and 48% of patients (p NS); the number of cycles to achieve CR had a median of 1 and 5 months (p less than 0.001); the median duration of the CR was 21 and 10 months (p less than 0.05); fatal myelotoxicity was 30 and 42% (p NS), one-year disease free survival (DFS) was 45 and 46% (p NS) and three-year survival was 22% and 15% (p NS). Additionally, patients treated with 7 + 3 were divided into two groups according to the type of platelet transfusion support; those supported with apheresis equipment and those with centrifugation-derived platelets.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  19. [Dyshemopoietic anemias (AD) (myelodysplastic syndromes). Retrospective analysis of 40 cases from the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán (INNSZ)].

    PubMed

    Lobato-Mendizábal, E; Labardini-Méndez, J; Gallardo-Rincón, D

    1989-01-01

    40 patients with DMPS were studied and diagnosed at the INNSZ during 1980-1985. Eighteen were males and twenty two females; age average of 55.7 years (17-82), with 72.5% over 50 years old. Their distribution according to the FAB classification was: 55% type I, 10% type II, 27.5% type III, 2.5% type IV and 5% type V. All of them had an anemic syndrome and 47.5% had bled, 52.5% had pancytopenia; there was anemia and thrombocytopenia in 32.5%, anemia and leukopenia in 7.5%, and anemia only in 7.5%. The bone marrow was normocellular in 42.5%, hypercellular in 40% and hypocellular in 17.5%, 45% of the patients survived; 22% achieved a complete remission (CR) and 9 patients (22.5%) died of causes related to DMPS. The rest was lost to follow up.

  20. Comparison of methods for the calculation of thermal contact resistance of the first Brazilian satellite. M.S. Thesis - Instituto de Pesquisas Espaciais, 6 Dec. 1985

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mantelli, Marcia B. H.

    1988-01-01

    A comparative study of the methods developed for the calculation of thermal contact resistance between two surfaces submitted to a perpendicular heat flux is presented. Several factors affecting this resistance are analyzed and a brief historical review of the works in this field is made, spotting the methods of interest for space applications. These are compared to experimental data so as to establish the most proper method for the couplings of the first Brazilian satellite.

  1. [Efficacy and safety of immediate-release niacin in patients with ischemic cardiopathy. Experience of the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología "Ignacio Chávez"].

    PubMed

    Morato Hernández, M L; Ichazo Cerro, M S; Alvarado Vega, A G; Zamora González, J; Cardoso Saldaña, G C; Posadas Romero, C

    2000-01-01

    Primary and secondary prevention trials have demonstrated that niacin improves the lipid profile and reduces coronary morbidity and mortality. To investigate the safety and efficacy of niacin in daily doses of 1.5 and 3.0 g in patients with ischemic heart disease and dyslipidemia. Sixty one male and female patients, aged 30 to 70 years were included. Thirty two patients were later excluded; 18 for adverse events and 14 for causes not related to niacin. In the 29 patients that finished the study, niacin in a dose-dependent manner, significantly reduced the levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, apoB and LDL-C/HDL-C ratio, and significantly increased HDL-Cholesterol concentrations; a decrease in lipoprotein(a) was observed with both dosages, but the change was significant only with the 3.0 g/day. In 11 patients (38%) lipids and lipoproteins reached ideal concentrations. In 15 patients (52%) C-LDL/C-HDL was lower than or equal to 3.5 at the end of the study. Our results suggest that niacin is well tolerated by 62% of the patients. Niacin is a safe, effective and a low cost alternative in the treatment of patients with ischemic heart disease and dyslipidemia.

  2. [The photographic archive of the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística and Tibor Jablonszky's view of female labor].

    PubMed

    Abrantes, Vera Lucia Cortes

    2013-03-01

    Shining a light on the photographic archive of geographic missions assigned to do reconnaissance of the country's territory, sponsored by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, the article describes the conditions under which this archive was compiled and how it can serve as a historical source. It addresses the presentation of images and the range of topics and places found in Tibor Jablonszky's work as far as the representations that this photographer constructed of female labor in Brazil during the 1950s and 1960s, from the viewpoint of a photographer working for a government agency.

  3. [Surgical treatment of anorectal fistulas. A 17-year experience at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán"].

    PubMed

    Ayala, M; Jiménez, R; García-Osogobio, S; Mass, W; Gómez, F; Remes-Troche, J M; Arch, J; Takahaskhi, T

    1999-01-01

    Surgical treatment for anorectal fistula may be difficult because of the risk of recurrence, prolonged healing or anal incontinence following the operation. To analyze the experience with the surgical management of ano-rectal fistula during a period of 17 years. The medical records of 105 patients with anorectal fistulas were reviewed retrospectively, with analysis of demographic and clinical data, operative treatment, and results. There were 73% men and 27% women. Mean age was 45 years. 86% had an underlying chronic disease, most frequently diabetes mellitus (21%) and obesity (14%). No anatomic classification of the fistulous tract was done in 86% of cases, and inter-sphincteric tracts were the most frequent type in the classified cases. In 90% of cases, treatment was fistulectomy. Complications occurred in 13% of cases, mainly delayed healing (6.5%). Recurrent disease was documented in 11 cases (10%), and the majority were treated with a new fistulectomy. There were no cases with anal incontinence following the operation. The necessity of performing the anatomic classification of ano-rectal fistula should be emphasized. Fistulectomy was the most frequent surgical procedure.

  4. [Surgical treatment of colonic volvulus. 10-year experience at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    Remes-Troche, J M; Pérez-Martínez, C; Rembis, V; Arch Ferrer, J; Ayala González, M; Takahashi, T

    1997-01-01

    To analyze morbidity-mortality and results of surgical treatment for colonic volvulus. Retrospective review of 33 patients who underwent surgical treatment for colonic volvulus from 1986 through 1996. Mean age was 62 +/- 20 years (SD) with predominance of female sex (2:1). There were 25 cases of sigmoid volvulus (76%), 7 in the cecum (21%) and 1 in the transverse colon (3%). Colonic necrosis and/or perforation were most frequently seen in the right and transverse colon (50%) than in the sigmoid (4%) (P < 0.002). Operative morbidity was 45% with mortality of 21%. Age was the only variable statistically significant for operative morbidity (52 +/- 23 years in patients without morbidity vs 71 +/- 17 years in patients with morbidity, P = 0.02). Surgical procedures for sigmoid volvulus were resection in 13 and fixation in 12. Recurrence after fixation was 38% to 12 months and 69% to 24 months (Kaplan-Meier), with associated mortality of 50%. There was no recurrence after resections. Treatment for cecal volvulus was cecopexy in 4 cases, with one recurrence; and right hemicolectomy without recurrence. The results should encourage resective procedures in sigmoid volvulus because the risk of recurrence after fixation is high and the morbidity-mortality is similar. Elderly patients are more susceptible to complications.

  5. [Incidence of peptic ulcer at the Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán": study of localization, associated factors and temporal trends].

    PubMed

    Bobadilla, J; Vargas-Vorácková, F; Gómez, A; Jesús Villalobos, J

    1996-01-01

    To know the frequency, trends and associated factors of peptic ulcer disease in our Institute. Peptic ulcer is an important disease; about 5-10% of the population can expect to develop this disease during lifetime. We reviewed 1,123 patients with peptic ulcer in five years. Sex, age, habits (tobacco and alcohol consumption), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs use, ulcer location and complications were analyzed. To evaluate temporal trends, our results were compared with previous studies made in our Institute. The male-female ratio was 1:1, with a mean age of 52.2 years. Forty percent of the patients had duodenal ulcer, 42% had gastric ulcer, and 19% had esophageal, anastomotic or multiple ulcers. The most common complication was bleeding, which occurred more frequently in gastric (37%) than duodenal ulcer (24%) (P < 0.005). Gastric ulcer occurred in older patients when compared to duodenal ulcer (P < 0.02). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs consumption was more frequent in patients with gastric (14%) than duodenal ulcer (10%) (P < 0.04). The frequency of tobacco and alcohol consumption was higher in multiple ulcers. A tendency toward a decreased frequency of duodenal ulcer and increased frequency of gastric ulcer was observed in our Institute during the last 30 years. In the same period, bleeding has been the leading complication, suggesting a higher referral of complicated peptic ulcer.

  6. [Surgical treatment of lower digestive tract hemorrhage. Experience at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    García-Osogobio, Sandra; Remes-Troche, José María; Takahashi, Takeshi; Barreto Camilo, Juan; Uscanga, Luis

    2002-01-01

    Lower gastrointestinal bleeding is usually self-limiting in about 80% of cases; however, surgical treatment may be required in selected cases. Preoperative precise identification of the bleeding source is crucial for a successful outcome. To determine the most frequent diagnoses, as well as short and long-term results in a series of patients who underwent a surgical procedure for lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Retrospective analysis of 39 patients operated upon for lower gastrointestinal bleeding from 1979 through 1997 in a referral center. Demographic data, history, physical examination, laboratory tests, resuscitative measures, preoperative work-up for identification of bleeding source, definitive cause of bleeding, surgical procedure, operative morbidity and mortality, as well as long-term status and recurrence of bleeding were recorded. There were 54% women and 46% men. Mean age was 56 years (range, 15-92). Most patients presented hematochezia (69%). Colonoscopy was the most used diagnostic procedure (69%). The bleeding source was located in 90% of patients. Diverticular disease was the most frequent cause of bleeding. A segmental bowel resection was the treatment in 97% of cases. Morbidity was 23% with 18% of mortality. Recurrence occurred in 9% of survivors. Morbidity and mortality were high. Patients who require a surgical operation should be carefully selected and evaluated with a complete work-up to determine the site and cause of bleeding.

  7. Ewing's sarcoma in children: twenty-five years of experience at the Instituto Portugês de Oncologia de Francisco Gentil (I.P.O.F.G.).

    PubMed

    Patricio, M B; Vilhena, M; Neves, M; Raposo, S; Catita, J; De Sousa, V; Martins, A G

    1991-05-01

    Fifty children with Ewing's sarcoma were consecutively treated from 1962 to 1987 and retrospectively analyzed at the I.P.O.F.G. of Lisbon. At first diagnosis, 10 cases had distant metastases. The remaining 40 patients had clinically localized disease, and different protocols were followed over the years. The best results were obtained with chemotherapy and radiotherapy with or without surgery; and for these children the two-year survival rate was 42.8% vs. 8.3% for the group of patients submitted to local treatment alone. Besides the treatment modality, other factors influenced the prognosis, such as inflammatory signs, sex, tumor volume, and tumor site as well as evidence of distant metastases.

  8. [Profile of the nurse in the outpatient units of INAMPS in Brazil. O Instituto Nacional de Assistência Médica da Previdência Social].

    PubMed

    Oguisso, T

    1990-04-01

    The objective of this study was to outline a profile of the nurses working within the INAMPS (National Health Service) outpatients centers in Brasil. Its purpose was to offer some assistance on the understanding of the subject, to the nursing educational system, to the employers of the product of that system, to the nurses' associations and to the nurses themselves. In the pursue of the objective, the author depicted: personal and professional traits of the nurses; job satisfaction and perceived support from the administration; the most frequent nurses activities performed. It also established the relations between nurses traits, job satisfaction, perceived support, and activities performed. Data was collected from March to December 1984. The questionnaires were sent to the universe of working nurses in the outpatient centers--1158 nurses. 927 (80.1%) answers were obtained. The population studied represented: 94.3% female, majority married; 30 to 40 years old, year of graduation and year of admission in the INAMPS in the 70's. Gross results were: job satisfaction 83.6%, perception of support from administration 75.2%, prepared as specialists 71.3%, and frequence to continuing educational programs 84.1%. Mains activities performed by nurses in decreasing order: supervision of nursing personnel 39.3%, direct nursing care 36.7%, teaching of patients and families 21.7%, administrative--functions 17.9%, and inservice training of personnel 3.6%. No relation was demonstrated between graduate preparation and job satisfaction nor perceived support from administration. Positive relation was found between educative activities and job satisfaction, and between supervision of nursing personnel or performance of administrative functions and perception of support from the administration.

  9. [THE INSTITUTO DE NUTRICI'ON DE CENTRO AM'ERICA Y PANAM'A: SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION SERVICES IN AN UNDERDEVELOPED AREA].

    PubMed

    FLORES, R; CORADO, A; GIRON, A

    1964-01-01

    Pioneering scientific information in underdeveloped areas poses several problems, such as (1) lack of understanding on the part of key functionaries as to the why, what, and when of information services; (2) lack of trained personnel to assume the responsibility for such services; (3) lack of economic resources; and (4) lack of information pertaining to available bibliographical sources in the particular area or region.The Bibliographic and Documentation Service of the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) provides, in addition to the customary services, technical assistance for the organization or reorganization of biomedical libraries and makes INCAP library materials available to member countries, either by loan or photocopy. Although the program was designed for the member countries, INCAP tries to make its services available to other Latin American nations, Africa, and Asia, where similar nutritional problems are being studied.

  10. [Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography at a regional hospital of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, 2002-2011: risk factors and complications].

    PubMed

    Reyes-Moctezuma, G A; Suárez-Peredo, L S; Reyes-Bastidas, M R; Ríos-Ayala, M A; Rosales-Leal, J E; Osuna-Ramírez, I

    2012-01-01

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a valuable study in the approach to diseases of the biliary and pancreatic ducts. It was first used for diagnostic purposes, but today its use is mainly therapeutic. It can present a variety of complications. To determine the frequency of complications and the risk factors associated with ERCP. A prolective study was carried out to analyze ERCP that was performed on 1.145 patients over a 10-year period of time (2.002-2.011). Complications were determined at the time of the procedure, through the personal communication of relatives, and/or when the patient was admitted to the emergency room. Follow-up was carried out for one month after ERCP in the out-patient service of the Department of Gastroenterology. Complications were evaluated with a multiple logistic regression model. The sample included 1.145 patients. Mean age was 55,3 years (SD=18,7; CI 95%: 54,2-56,3). Women made up 60,5% (n=693) of the study participants. Therapeutic endoscopy was performed in 51,0% of the total number of procedures. Complications presented in 2,1% (n=24) of the patients; the most frequent was hemorrhage (n=14, 1,2%), followed by acute pancreatitis (n=6, 0,5%), respiratory distress (n=3, 0,3%), and cholangitis (n=1, 0,1%). There was a 1,4 times higher complication risk in patients that underwent precut/sphincterotomy, adjusted by age (CI 95%: OR 1,02-5,43; p=0,045). This study shows a complication frequency similar to that published by other authors. However, this figure could be further reduced if ERCP were performed only for therapeutic purposes by highly qualified endoscopy physicians. Copyright © 2012 Asociación Mexicana de Gastroenterología. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  11. Childhood lymphoma incidence patterns by ICCC-3 subtype in Mexico City metropolitan area population insured by Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, 1996-2010.

    PubMed

    Rendón-Macías, Mario Enrique; Valencia-Ramón, Edwin A; Fajardo-Gutiérrez, Arturo; Rivera-Flores, Estefanía

    2015-06-01

    We reviewed the childhood lymphomas epidemiological data for the Mexico City metropolitan area (MCMA). Data analysis from children (0-14 years old) diagnosed with lymphoma during the period 1996-2010 was performed at the Mexican Childhood Cancer Registry. Histological subtype was determined according to the International Classification of Childhood Cancer 3 (ICCC-3). Age-adjusted incidence rates were calculated per 1,000,000 children/year by age, gender, and ICCC-3 subtype; trends, by average annual percent change (AAPC). A total of 328 lymphoma cases included in the study had an incidence rate of 11.8, showing a decreasing trend [AAPC: -3.5; CI 95% (-5.9, -1.0)], primarily due to non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) mixed cellularity subtype. NHL had the major incidence (5.8), with the precursor cell subtype being the most frequent (38.3%). Nodular sclerosis was the most frequent HL subtype. The incidence of Burkitt lymphoma was low (1.3). During the study period, there was an important reduction in the not-otherwise-specified subtype of NHL, which translated into a relative increase in the IIb3 subtype [AAPC: 7.3 (1.2, 13.8)]. Low incidences of NHL and of HL and NHL were found for < 1-year-olds and for 10- to 14-year-olds, respectively. Incidence rates for children in the MCMA, particularly the < 1 and 10-14 age groups, were lower than those for developed countries. The overall male/female ratio was 2.3. There was a trend toward a reduced incidence, for some lymphoma subtypes, in particular for NOS lymphomas, which may be the result of improvement in diagnostic techniques.

  12. [Multiorgan transplantation program at the Hospital de Especialidades 71, Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad 134, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Torreon].

    PubMed

    Juárez-de-la-Cruz, Federico Javier; Barrios-Reyes, Carmen Yolanda; Cano-López-de-nava, Laura; Adalid-Sainz, Carmen

    2011-09-01

    This is the experience in a program of multiorgan transplant at the Hospital de Especialidades 71 in Torreon, Coahuila. It is a historical overview of the beginning and development of the transplant program. Describes the logistics of the study of patients for transplantation and the test to be carried out in the laboratory of histocompatibility. We analyzed the records of the patients were transplanted in the period from January 1987 until June 2011. We found 2538 in total, of which 1940 were renal (76.4%). The 53% were male and 47% female. Average age of 37 +/- 15 years. The 82% was adult population and 18% pediatric. The most frequent cause of CRF was the chronic glomerulonephritis and 15% of the patients are diabetic. 73.5% were living donor and 26.5% were deceased donor. 7% of recipients of living donor have domino transplants. The incidence of acute rejection was 7.5%. 15% of the patients had infections and 60% was urinary. The immunosuppressive scheme most widely used is tacrolimus + mycophenolate mofetil + prednisone. The overall survival of the patient was 100, 90 and 87% to the first, third and fifth year after the transplant. The overall survival of the graft was 98, 87 and 83% in the first, third and fifth years post-transplant. It has been developed a multiple organ transplant program in Torreon that currently is one of the most important in Mexico with similar results to those obtained at the international level.

  13. Cytogenetic analysis of Phyllomedusa distincta Lutz, 1950 (2n = 2x = 26), P. tetraploidea Pombal and Haddad, 1992 (2n = 4x = 52), and their natural triploid hybrids (2n = 3x = 39) (Anura, Hylidae, Phyllomedusinae)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Natural polyploidy has played an important role during the speciation and evolution of vertebrates, including anurans, with more than 55 described cases. The species of the Phyllomedusa burmeisteri group are mostly characterized by having 26 chromosomes, but a karyotype with 52 chromosomes was described in P. tetraploidea. This species was found in sintopy with P. distincta in two localities of São Paulo State (Brazil), where triploid animals also occur, as consequence of natural hybridisation. We analyse the chromosomes of P. distincta, P. tetraploidea, and their triploid hybrids, to enlighten the origin of polyploidy and to obtain some evidence on diploidisation of tetraploid karyotype. Results Phyllomedusa distincta was 2n = 2x = 26, whereas P. tetraploidea was 2n = 4x = 52, and the hybrid individuals was 2n = 3x = 39. In meiotic phases, bivalents were observed in the diploid males, whereas both bivalents and tetravalents were observed in the tetraploid males. Univalents, bivalents or trivalents; metaphase II cells carrying variable number of chromosomes; and spermatids were detected in the testis preparations of the triploid males, indicating that the triploids were not completely sterile. In natural and experimental conditions, the triploids cross with the parental species, producing abnormal egg clutches and tadpoles with malformations. The embryos and tadpoles exhibited intraindividual karyotype variability and all of the metaphases contained abnormal constitutions. Multiple NORs, detected by Ag-impregnation and FISH with an rDNA probe, were observed on chromosome 1 in the three karyotypic forms; and, additionally, on chromosome 9 in the diploids, mostly on chromosome 8 in the tetraploids, and on both chromosome 8 and 9 in the triploids. Nevertheless, NOR-bearing chromosome 9 was detected in the tetraploids, and chromosome 9 carried active or inactive NORs in the triploids. C-banding, base-specific fluorochrome stainings with CMA3 and DAPI, FISH with a telomeric probe, and BrdU incorporation in DNA showed nearly equivalent patterns in the karyotypes of P. distincta, P. tetraploidea, and the triploid hybrids. Conclusions All the used cytogenetic techniques have provided strong evidence that the process of diploidisation, an essential step for stabilising the selective advantages produced by polyploidisation, is under way in distinct quartets of the tetraploid karyotype. PMID:24001221

  14. The Strategic Context for Assessing Long Range Offense and Active Defense.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-10-27

    for the Air Force and it proposed a fully distributed packet switching system to provide for all military commnications , data and voice. The Study...advice. 55 LA P II, il W’ Mga1 SECTION 13 LIST OF REFERENCES 1. Paul Baran, "On Distributed Communications," RAND Corporation Research Memorandum B265...Hoffman, R.J. Lutz and H.S. Roven, Selection of Stratexic Base Systems, March 1953, Rand Corporation R-244S; Wohlstetter, Hoffman, Lutz and Rowen

  15. 77 FR 38399 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Arizona; Nogales PM10

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ... 2010 and Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Geografia e Informatica, (INEGI) 2010. \\5\\ ``Statistical.... Census Bureau and Mexican Census data from the Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Geografia e...

  16. Studies of Infection and Dissemination of Rift Valley Fever Virus in Mosquitoes.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-10-15

    mosquitoes and to determine the dissemination status of orally fed mosquitoes based on the presence of infectious particles in dissected legs. A brief...875-4631 FAX (703) 875-5490 Dr. Adolfo Martinez-Palomo Depto. de Patologia Experimental CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION Y DE ESTUDIOS AVANZADOS DEL I.P.N

  17. Print Capitalism, New School and Circulation of Reading Models. A Brazilian Collection at the Primary Education Museum-Library in Portugal (1931-1950)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toledo, Maria Rita Almeida; Carvalho, Marta Maria Chagas

    2011-01-01

    The present article is the fruit of research on the circulation of Brazilian books from the "Atualidades Pedagogicas" collection at the "Biblioteca Museu do Ensino Primario" (Primary Education Museum-Library) in Lisbon. This library was headed by Adolfo Lima, one of the exponents of the Portuguese New School, and gave form to…

  18. Print Capitalism, New School and Circulation of Reading Models. A Brazilian Collection at the Primary Education Museum-Library in Portugal (1931-1950)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toledo, Maria Rita Almeida; Carvalho, Marta Maria Chagas

    2011-01-01

    The present article is the fruit of research on the circulation of Brazilian books from the "Atualidades Pedagogicas" collection at the "Biblioteca Museu do Ensino Primario" (Primary Education Museum-Library) in Lisbon. This library was headed by Adolfo Lima, one of the exponents of the Portuguese New School, and gave form to…

  19. [The occurrence of Biomphalaria straminea (Pulmonata: Planorbidae) on an aquaculture farm of IBAMA in Uberlândia, MG. Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente a dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis].

    PubMed

    Silveira, E de P; Marçal Júnior, O; Machado, M I

    1997-01-01

    This work evaluates the occurrence of freshwater snails in the IBAMA's fish breeding station in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais State. We verified the presence of Biomphalaria straminea in 39.5% of all breeding tanks. None of the snails were infected by Schistosoma mansoni, but further investigation should be done in the area.

  20. Vistazos Intimos De Puebla; Una Compilacion De Informes Individuales Preparados Por Los Participantes Del Instituto De Verano (NDEA) (Close-ups on Puebla; A Compilation of Individual Reports Prepared by the Participants of the NDEA Summer Institute).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wichita State Univ., KS.

    The individual and committee reports on the sociology of Puebla, Mexico, which are collected here, were written by participants in an NDEA Summer Institute program of the University of Wichita, Kansas. The underlying motives of the program, described in the preface, were to provide participants with real language experience and a chance to…

  1. Cáncer colorrectal en los jóvenes: factores pronósticos y características clínico patológicas en un instituto del cáncer de Perú.

    PubMed

    Ruiz, Rossana; Taxa, Luis; Ruiz, Eloy F; Mantilla, Raúl; Casanova, Luis; Montenegro, Paola

    2016-01-01

    To determine clinicopathological features and prognostic factors among young colorectal cancer (CRC) patients in a Peruvian Cancer Institute. Data of patients 40 years or younger, admitted between January 2005 and December 2010, were analyzed. During the study period, 196 young patients with CRC were admitted. The tumor was located in the rectum, left colon and right colon in 45.9%, 28.6% and 25.5% of cases. Family history of CRC was found in 13.2% and an autosomal pattern of inheritance, in 8.6% of the cases. The most common symptoms were pain (67.9%) and bleeding (67.3%). The majority (63.1%) of colon cancer cases and more than a third (34.4%) of rectal cancer cases were diagnosed in stage III or IV. The histologic type was tubular, mucinous and signet ring cell adenocarcinoma in 73.5%, 14.8% and 8.6%, respectively. The depth of invasion was T3 in 21.4% and T4 in 53%. Nodal involvement was detected in 44.5%. Five-year overall survival (OS) was 44.3%. In the multivariate analysis, only the stage resulted an independent prognostic factor for survival. CRC in Peruvian young patients is mostly sporadic. It presents more often in the distal colon or rectum and at advanced stages of the disease. Mucinous and signet ring cell carcinoma were requent histological types. Five-year OS stage by stage is similar to that reported in the literature for older patients. Stage was the only independent prognostic factor for survival.

  2. [Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related lymphoma: 1. Course during the 20 years of the epidemic. 2. The experience at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán: 1986-2003].

    PubMed

    Hernández-Rivera, E Gabriela; Gómez-Roel, Xóchitl; Villasís-Keever, Angelina

    2004-01-01

    The goal of this presentation is the description of the epidemiologic evolution and changes in natural history of the human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) epidemic itself and its relation with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related lymphoma (ARL). We have started with the description of the world's state of the HIV epidemic, its features since the first case report in the United States of America in 1981, through the peak of new diagnoses in 1993 until the event that changed the natural history of the disease: the era of the widespread use of the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), introduced in 1995 in the world and in 1997 in our country. The widespread introduction of HAART led to dramatic reductions in AIDS related mortality and morbidity throughout the developed world with a marked fall in the incidence of the major opportunistic infections in AIDS. We describe the main risk factors for the development of ARL, and the prognostic factors for survival and response to treatment. There is no clear definition in the literature of the roll that has played the use of HAART in relation to survival and response to treatment in ARL, but there is evidence that the basal count of CD4 cells has increased with HAART, leading to a better survival and response in ARL. The debate regarding this issue is surely affected by factors such as degree of antiretroviral treatment compliance, antiretroviral therapy resistance and chemotherapy heterogeneity. Finally we present the preliminary results of the analysis of our experience in ARL from 1986 to 2003.

  3. Bortezomib for antibody mediated rejection treatment: experience at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán in Mexico City.

    PubMed

    Leyva, Sergio; Marino-Vázquez, Lluvia A; Reyes-Loaeza, Jorge A; Vega, Olynka; Uribe-Uribe, Norma; Alberú, Josefina; Morales-Buenrostro, Luis E

    2009-01-01

    The use of bortezomib as a treatment modality of AHR improved and stabilized graft function (clinical response) in the majority of patients. Its use in single dose, even combined with rituximab, does not seem to be useful to obtain a sustained clinical response neither to reduce HLAabs level. The use of 4 doses of bortezomib in days 1, 4, 7, and 10 (1.3 mg/m2 BSA each) plus plasmapheresis produced both a good clinical response and a reduction in DSA. Moving forward, it will necessary to define the long-term effectiveness of bortezomib and whether rituximab administration is indispensable to achieve this goal.

  4. [Acute lymphoblastic leukemia: experience in adult patients treated with hyperCVAD and 0195 Protocol, at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán. Cohort 2003-2007].

    PubMed

    Arteaga-Ortiz, Luis; Buitrón-Santiago, Natalie; Rosas-López, Adriana; Rosas-Arzate, Guadalupe; Armengolt-Jiménez, Alicia; Aguayo, Alvaro; López-Karpovitch, Xavier; Crespo-Solís, Erick

    2008-01-01

    Despite therapeutic advances, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adults remains a disease with poor long term outcome and survival rates. Developing countries lack of information about this disease. On the other hand, infections are frequent complications related to mortality and some research studies do not show accurate rates of septic shock or other related factors. To describe characteristics of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, response to treatment, complications and to evaluate further survival related factors and to compare our experience with other reports of literature. Between September 2003 to November 2007, the entire cohort of patients with diagnosis of ALL was included. The treatment regimens used were MDACC HyperCVAD (HCVAD) and 0195 (institutional regimen). Of 40 patients included with the diagnosis of ALL, 92% was B phenotype and 8%, T phenotype, with a median age of 27 years. The median follow up was 28.5 months. Initially, 14% showed central nervous system infiltration; of 51% with available cytogenetics, 16.7% was Philadelphia chromosome positive. There were 36 patients who received treatment: 13 received HCVAD and 23 the 0195 protocol; 78% achieved global complete remission, 85% for the patients with HCVAD and 74% with 0195. The induction death rate was 2.8%. The median disease-free survival was 11.6 months (IC 95%, 2.5-20.8 months) and overall survival was 15 months (IC 95%, 10.6-19.4 months). In 95% of patients, no prophylactic antibiotic therapy was used and treatment related death was 8.4% (2.8% during induction and 5.6% during the rest of treatment). Factors associated with worse survival rate were hyperleukocytosis, T phenotype and lack of early complete remission. During induction, grade 3 to 4 non hematopoietic toxicity was 17%. Incidence of neutropenic febrile episodes was 61% and septic shock was 11%. With HCVAD, we observed worse complete remission, disease-free survival and overall survival rates compared with the original MDACC reports. Chemotherapy related death rates are similar to other early reports, despite prophylactic antibiotic was not used during myelosuppression.

  5. Bortezomib for acute humoral rejection treatment at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán in Mexico City: an update.

    PubMed

    Leyva, Sergio; Marino, Lluvia A; Alberú, Josefina; Morales-Buenrostro, Luis E

    2010-01-01

    The use of bortezomib as a treatment modality of AHR improved and stabilized graft function (clinical response) in the majority of patients. Its use in single dose, even combined with rituximab, does not seem to be useful to obtain a sustained clinical response, or to reduce HLAabs level. The use of 4 doses of bortezomib in days 1, 4, 7, and 10 (1.3 mg/m2 BSA each) plus plasmapheresis produced both a good clinical response and a reduction in DSA. Moving forward, it will be necessary to define the long-term effectiveness of bortezomib and whether rituximab administration is indispensable to achieve this goal. Until now, it is evident that many patients needed retreatment and they were well tolerated.

  6. [Acute myeloid leukemia in adults: experience at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán from 2003 to 2008].

    PubMed

    Buitrón-Santiago, Natalie; Arteaga-Ortiz, Luis; Rosas-López, Adriana; Aguayo, Alvaro; López-Karpovitch, Xavier; Crespo-Solís, Erick

    2010-01-01

    Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) comprises a group of diseases with different biologic characteristics; despite knowledge improvements, these are not reflected in long term survival. To describe characteristics of adults with AML in a hospital of Mexico City, their treatment response, complications and to evaluate survival related factors. Cohort study. Between January 2003 and July 2008, patients with AML diagnosis were included (except promyelocitic). Treatment protocols used: 3 + 7, high doses of cytarabine and autologous bone marrow transplant as consolidation therapy. 53 patients were included. Median age: 44 years (15-79). At diagnosis: tumor lysis syndrome in 4/ 53 (7.5%), 3/51 (5.9%) with altered liver function test and hyperleukocytosis in 8/53 (15.1%). 46 patients had available cytogenetic and this was successful in 28/46 (60.8%), 12/28 (42.8%) had adverse cytogenetic; 16/28 (57.1%) intermediate risk and none was favorable. There were 2 losses during follow up, 7 patients did not receive chemotherapy with curative intent and 1 died at diagnosis. 43 patients received 3 + 7, 13.9% died during aplasia, complete remission was achieved in 27/43 (62.7%) and 10/43 (23.2%) were refractory to treatment. A second induction attempt was required in 39.5% (17/43). Median disease free survival (DFS) was 491 days (366-615), with a median follow up of 993 days (105-1744). The median overall survival (OS) was 531 days (312-749). Aplasia related mortality decreased (p = 0.09) between the actual cohort (13.9%) and the historical cohort (37%). Long term survival in AML patients remains poor despite improvements in diagnosis, classification, and treatment. In our institution, it is required to improve induction protocols and cytogenetic analysis in order to adequately choose the group of patients that could be benefit from stem cell transplant.

  7. [Treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with acquired immnodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    Uriarte-Duque, Juan; Hernández-Riverab, Gabriela

    2006-01-01

    Survival in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma has improved with the use of High Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) and less toxic chemotherapy. Clinical characteristics and outcome among patients treated for AIDS related non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma are described. Nine patients were studied retrospectively. Overall survival (OS) and Free Disease Survival (FDS) using a Kaplan-Meier model were analyzed. Patients received (DA-EPOCH) etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide. The overall Survival was 18 months and 13 month Free Disease Survival with a median follow-up of 16 months showing full response in 8/9 patients was observed. A very satisfactory treatment response in this group of patients expressed as an increased Overall Survival was noted.

  8. Funding of a medical research institute in a small country: 15 years of Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto (IPATIMUP)--interview conducted by Ivan Damjanov.

    PubMed

    Sobrinho-Simões, Manuel

    2005-06-01

    This is an interview with Prof Manuel Sobrinho-Simoes, the Director of the Institute of Molecular Pathology and Immunology of the University of Porto (IPATIMUP), Porto, Portugal. The interview was prepared for this Pathology thematic issue, by Prof Ivan Damjanov, from the University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, Kansas, USA. The interview deals with the funding and the growth of IPATIMUP, which became, within 15 years from its inception, one of the leading biomedical research institutions of Portugal. The interview touches upon the logistical, political, financial, and personnel-related problems they encountered during these 15 years. It illustrates some of the dilemmas and questions faced by scientists in Porto, which are also relevant to scientists in other small countries.

  9. El Instituto de Nutrición de Centro América y Panamá: Servicios de Información Científica en Una Región en Vía de Desarrollo *

    PubMed Central

    Flores, Raquel; Corado, Adelina; Girón, Arturo

    1964-01-01

    Pioneering scientific information in underdeveloped areas poses several problems, such as (1) lack of understanding on the part of key functionaries as to the why, what, and when of information services; (2) lack of trained personnel to assume the responsibility for such services; (3) lack of economic resources; and (4) lack of information pertaining to available bibliographical sources in the particular area or region. The Bibliographic and Documentation Service of the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) provides, in addition to the customary services, technical assistance for the organization or reorganization of biomedical libraries and makes INCAP library materials available to member countries, either by loan or photocopy. Although the program was designed for the member countries, INCAP tries to make its services available to other Latin American nations, Africa, and Asia, where similar nutritional problems are being studied. PMID:14119292

  10. [Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia and risk indicators in children from 12 to 18 months attended at the outpatient clinic of Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagão Gesteira].

    PubMed

    Rodrigues, C R; Motta, S S; Cordeiro, A A; Lacerda, E M; Reichenheim, M E

    1997-01-01

    The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia and the associated risk indicators were studied in children from 12 to 18 months at the outpatient unit of IPPMG, in order to evaluate and monitor the service. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study of 288 children seen at the outpatient unit of IPPMG, from January to December 1993. Anemia was diagnosed by dosage of seric hemoglobin. The studied risk indicators were: prenatal care, birth weight, pediatric follow-up, socio-economic aspects, breast-feeding pattern, nutritional status, and iron prescription. Data were computerized and analyzed by EPIINFO and EGRET softwares. Statistical analysis was performed by Pearson chi(2), and breast-feeding pattern was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Fifty percent of all children had anemia and 13.2% had severe anemia. Children had an early entry to follow-up at the clinic, and the number of consultations was adequate, according to the recommendations of the Ministry of Health. Only 27% of families had a "per capita" income above one minimum salary, although most had adequate housing and environmental conditions. The median duration of breast-feeding was 7.8 and of exclusive breast-feeding was 3.2 months. No association between anemia and income, early weaning, low-birth weight or undernutrition was found. The prevalence of anemia was extremely high, indicating the need for a specific monitoring system for the occurrence of iron deficiency anemia in this service.

  11. Overland Flow Generation and Soil Hydraulic Properties in Two Catchments in Central Panama

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Godsey, S.; Elsenbeer, H.; Stallard, R.

    2003-12-01

    Land management decisions in the Panama Canal watershed directly impact the hydrological functioning of the canal itself. Knowledge of the hydrological conditions in the forested portions of the watershed provides a baseline comparison for future land use changes. We chose to work on two streams on Barro Colorado Island that are representative of large regions of the watershed. These two streams respond differently to the same storm events: Conrad Trail Stream exhibits a fairly subdued and delayed response and Lutz Creek stream is flashier. In order to understand these differences, we investigated the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) of the two catchments and studied the frequency of overland flow generation. The Ks measurements in dominant geologies in Lutz Creek as well as in Conrad Trail Stream are great enough at shallow depths (median Ks = 29.7, 65.6 and 38.3 mm/hr) that Hortonian overland flow is rare, but a marked decrease in Ks in Lutz Creek catchment at 30 cm (to 1.4 and 5.8 mm/hr) indicates that a perched water table leading to saturated overland flow is the likely runoff mechanism in Lutz Creek. In Conrad, Ks does not decrease as markedly with soil depth, and a perched water table would form at about 60 cm below the surface (median Ks = 0.7 mm/hr). Therefore, more water is able to infiltrate into the soil in Conrad Trail Stream and saturated overland flow is less common. Overland flow was generated much more frequently in Lutz Creek than in Conrad Trail Stream, with lower thresholds of storm magnitude, duration, antecedent wetness and intensity required to generate overland flow. We also quantified the importance of microtopographic features such as concentrated flow lines and the results have implications for experimental design at other field sites. The Lutz Creek and Conrad Trail stream information will provide a useful baseline for land management decisions.

  12. Langevin equation approach to diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.

    PubMed

    Cooke, Jennie M; Kalmykov, Yuri P; Coffey, William T; Kerskens, Christian M

    2009-12-01

    The normal phase diffusion problem in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is treated by means of the Langevin equation for the phase variable using only the properties of the characteristic function of Gaussian random variables. The calculation may be simply extended to anomalous diffusion using a fractional generalization of the Langevin equation proposed by Lutz [E. Lutz, Phys. Rev. E 64, 051106 (2001)] pertaining to the fractional Brownian motion of a free particle coupled to a fractal heat bath. The results compare favorably with diffusion-weighted experiments acquired in human neuronal tissue using a 3 T MRI scanner.

  13. Species diversity and seasonal abundance of Culicoides biting midges in northwestern Argentina.

    PubMed

    Aybar, C A Veggiani; Juri, M J Dantur; De Grosso, M S Lizarralde; Spinelli, G R

    2010-03-01

    The species diversity and seasonal abundance of biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) were studied in northwestern Argentina during the period 2003-2005. A total of 5437 Culicoides specimens were collected using CDC light traps in three areas of the mountainous rainforest area. The most common species were Culicoides paraensis (Goeldi) and C. insignis Lutz, Culicoides lahillei (Iches), C. venezuelensis Ortiz & Mirsa, C. debilipalpis Lutz and C. crescentis Wirth & Blanton were also collected. Culicoides paraensis was abundant during the summer, and C. insignis and C. lahillei during late summer and early fall. Accumulated rainfall was the climatic variable most related to fluctuation in abundance of C. paraensis.

  14. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) of Alagoas state, northeast of Brazil.

    PubMed

    Andrade Filho, José D; Brazil, Reginaldo P

    2009-01-01

    The phlebotomine sandflies of the state of Alagoas are poorly known, with more than 40 years since the last report on sandflies in the state. In here, Psathyromyia brasiliensis (Costa Lima), Micropygomyia quinquefer (Dyar,) and Evandromyia termitophila (Martins, Falcão & Silva) are registered for the first time in Alagoas. This report increases to nine the number of species collected in the state, including Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva), Migonemyia migonei (França), Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho) and Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva), all vectors of Leishmania in Brazil.

  15. Tectonic tests of proposed polar wander paths for Mars and the moon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grimm, R. E.; Solomon, S. C.

    1986-01-01

    A comparison of the lithospheric stress field predicted for rapid global reorientations against observed tectonic features is used to test the polar wander paths proposed for Mars by Schultz and Lutz-Garihan (1981). A calculation of the reorientation stresses leads to the suggestion that the formation of normal faults or graben in broad regions around the former rotation poles should be the minimum tectonic signature of a reorientation that generates lithospheric stresses in excess of the extensional strength of near-surface material. It is concluded that polar wander of the magnitude and timing envisioned by Schultz and Lutz-Garihan did not occur.

  16. Interferon Antagonism as a Common Virulence Factor of Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-01

    examine this for hantaviruses , lung epithelial cells (A549) were mock-infected or infected with the HPS-causing hantavirus , Andes virus (ANDV), for...findings contained in this report are those of the author (s) and should not be construed as an official Department of the Army position, policy or...NUMBER 6. AUTHOR (S) Adolfo Garcia Sastre, Ph.D.; Connie S. Schmaljohn, Ph.D. 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER E-Mail: connie.schmaljohn

  17. Populism in Latin America

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-20

    October 17, 2003 - June 6, 2005) and Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé (June 9, 2005 - January 22, 2006).14 The current President of Ecuador, Rafael Correa ...took him 2 years to rise from instructor to his current position as Ecuadorian President. Before Rafael Correa in Ecuador there were several...Adolfo Rodriguez Saa (December 23 -- 30, 2001), Eduardo Oscar Camaño (December 31, 2001 – January 2, 2002), Eduardo Alberto Duhalde (January 2, 2002 – May

  18. Developmental Approach to Characterizing the Invasion Gene Program in Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-09-01

    Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188), Washington, DC...282, 1996. 4. Wolf, c., Rouyer, N., Lutz, Y., Adida , C., Loriot, M., Bellocq, J.P., Chambon, P., and Basset, P. Stromelysin 3 belongs to a subgroup of

  19. Extracellular Matrix Induced Integrin Signal Transduction and Breast Cancer Invasion.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-10-01

    22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188), Washington, DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave...metalloproteinase with potentially novel functions. International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology In Press: Wolf C, Rouyer N, Lutz Y, Adida C, Loriot M

  20. Developmental Approach to Characterizing the Invasion Gene Program in Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-09-01

    Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Proiect (0704-0188), Washington, DC020503 1. AGENCY...members in breast cancer represents a tumor-induced host response. Am J. Pathol. 149:273-282, 1996. 4. Wolf, c., Rouyer, N., Lutz, Y., Adida , C

  1. Assessing Native American disturbances in mixed oak forests of the Allegheny Plateau

    Treesearch

    Charles M. Ruffner; Andrew Sluyter; Marc D. Abrams; Charlie Crothers; Jack McLaughlin; Richard Kandare

    1997-01-01

    Although much has been written concerning the ecology and disturbance history of hemlock - white pine - northern hardwood (Nichols 1935; Braun 1950) forests of the Allegheny Plateau (Lutz 1930a; Morey 1936; Hough and Forbes 1943; Runkle 1981 ; Whitney 1990; Abrams and Owig 1996) few studies have investigated the distribution and successional dynamics of oak in this...

  2. Damage by the Sitka spruce weevil (Pissodes strobi) and growth patterns for 10 spruce species and hybrids over 26 years in the Pacific Northwest.

    Treesearch

    Russel G. Mitchell; Kenneth H. Wright; Norman E. Johnson

    1990-01-01

    Ten species and hybrids of spruce (Picea spp.) were planted and observed annually for 26 years at three coastal locations in Oregon and Washington to evaluate growth rates and susceptibility to the Sitka spruce weevil (= white pine weevil), Pissodes strobi The 10 spruce were: Sitka spruce, Norway spruce, Lutz spruce, black...

  3. Witch-Hunting at Crucible University: The Power and Peril of Competing Organizational Ideologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Michael S.; Hartley, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    The literature on organizational culture underscores the benefits of a strong culture--its capacity to draw people together through shared values and norms. Yet, the formation of a powerful ideology also has the capacity to promote divisiveness and to alienate those who fail to conform. This study employs Frank W. Lutz's witch-hunting framework in…

  4. Beyond Nineteen Eighty-Four: Doublespeak in a Post-Orwellian Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lutz, William, Ed.

    This book probes the efforts at manipulation individuals face daily in this information age and the tactics of persuaders from many sectors of society using various forms of Orwellian "doublespeak." The book contains the following essays: (1) "Notes toward a Definition of Doublespeak" (William Lutz); (2) "Truisms Are True:…

  5. System Architecture Virtual Integration: An Industrial Case Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-01

    System Architecture Virtual Integration: An Industrial Case Study Peter H. Feiler Jorgen Hansson Dionisio de Niz Lutz Wrage...Virtual Integration: An Industrial Case Study 5. FUNDING NUMBERS FA8721-05-C-0003 6. AUTHOR(S) Peter H. Feiler, Jorgen Hansson, Dionisio de Niz

  6. COTS Multicore Processors in Avionics Systems: Challenges and Solutions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-06

    COTS Multicore Processors in Avionics Systems: Challenges and Solutions Dionisio de Niz Bjorn Andersson and Lutz Wrage dionisio @sei.cmu.edu...Avionics Systems: Challenges and Solutions 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Wrage / Dionisio de Niz Bjorn

  7. Technical and Vocational Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vocational Training, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This issue focuses on the various forms that secondary technical and vocational education takes in different European Community Member States. "The Future for Skilled Workers" is an interview with Burkart Lutz, a German researcher. Other articles are as follows: "Contradictions in Technical and Vocational Education: The…

  8. Old lower stem bark lesions apparently caused by unsuccessful spruce beetle attacks still evident on live spruce trees years later

    Treesearch

    John S. Hard; Ken P. Zogas

    2010-01-01

    We examined old bark lesions on Lutz spruce in young stands on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, to determine their cause. Distribution of these lesions along lower stems was similar to the distribution of spruce beetle attacks during epidemics. These lesions apparently resulted from unsuccessful attacks by spruce beetles during the late 1980s and early 1990s and appear to...

  9. JPRS Report, East Europe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-12

    Germany] bezirk management, and the cabaret artiste Bernd-Lutz Lange. The fourth in this round is Prof Kurt Nowak, theologian at the Karl-Marx...urgently needed exchange of views on the perspective of socialism. "I believe, it’s surgery we need, not cosmetics" the cabaret artiste formulated his

  10. Comparison of five parasitological techniques for laboratory diagnosis of Balantidium coli cysts.

    PubMed

    Barbosa, Alynne da Silva; Bastos, Otilio Machado Pereira; Uchôa, Claudia Maria Antunes; Pissinatti, Alcides; Bastos, Augusto César Machado Pereira; Souza, Igo Vieira de; Dib, Laís Verdan; Azevedo, Eduarda Peixoto; Siqueira, Mayara Perlingeiro de; Cardozo, Matheus Lessa; Amendoeira, Maria Regina Reis

    2016-01-01

    Balantidium coli is a protozoon that can cause dysentery in humans, pigs and nonhuman primates, with zoonotic potential. In the literature, there is still little information on the effectiveness of different laboratory techniques for diagnosing this disease. This study compared and evaluated the performance of the Lutz, modified Ritchie, Faust, modified Sheather and direct examination techniques for detecting cysts of this protozoon. Between 2012 and 2014, 1905 fecal samples were collected from captive animals in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Of these, 790 were obtained from the rectum of pigs and 1115 from enclosures occupied by nonhuman primates. B. coli cysts were most evident through direct examination (22.4% of the samples) and the Lutz technique (21%). Fair agreement (Kappa = 0.41; p < 0.05) was observed only between direct examination and Lutz. The flotation techniques (Faust and modified Sheather) did not show good recovery of cysts. A statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) in the frequency of cysts between pigs and nonhuman primates could only be observed through direct examination and the Lutz technique. The most efficient method for diagnosing this parasitosis was seen to an association between direct examination and the spontaneous sedimentation technique.

  11. "Who Killed William Robinson?" Exploring a Nineteenth-Century Murder Online

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandwell, Ruth

    2004-01-01

    In 1996, the author and fellow-historian John Lutz set about creating a teaching tool for history that would acquaint students with primary documents and take full advantage of the brand-new technology of the World Wide Web. He launched the website, entitled "Who Killed William Robinson? Race, Justice and Settling the Land,"…

  12. Assumptions Management in Software Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-08-01

    Assumptions Management in Software Development Grace A. Lewis Teeraphong Mahatham Lutz Wrage August 2004 Integration of Software ...sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense. The Software Engineering Institute is a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the...U.S. Department of Defense. Copyright 2004 Carnegie Mellon University. NO WARRANTY THIS CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

  13. Influence of Hydrodynamics on the Larval Supply to Hydrothermal Vents on the East Pacific Rise

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    International Symposium on the Ecology of Larval Molluscs . [13] Lutz, R. A., Jablonski, D., & Turner, R. D. (1984). Larval development and dispersal at...Symposium on the Ecology of Larval Molluscs . [27] A.G. Marsh, L. S. Mullineaux, C. M. Young, and D. T. Manahan. Larval disper- sal potential of the

  14. Crossing the Divide: Infants Discriminate Small from Large Numerosities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cordes, Sara; Brannon, Elizabeth M.

    2009-01-01

    Although young infants have repeatedly demonstrated successful numerosity discrimination across large sets when the number of items in the sets changes twofold (E. M. Brannon, S. Abbott, & D. J. Lutz, 2004; J. N. Wood & E. S. Spelke, 2005; F. Xu & E. S. Spelke, 2000), they consistently fail to discriminate a twofold change in number when one set…

  15. The role of western white pine in forest succession in northern Idaho

    Treesearch

    M. A. Huberman

    1935-01-01

    The importance of vegetational studies in virgin forests has become more and more obvious during the past few years as a result of the increasing scarcity of primeval areas. The work of Cooper ('13) on Isle Royale, Michigan; of Nichols ('13) at Colebrook, Connecticut; of Lutz ('30) at Heart's Content, Pennsylvania; of Gates and Nichols ('30)...

  16. Ethnography and Language in Educational Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Judith L., Ed.; Wallat, Cynthia, Ed.

    This compilation includes the following essays: (1) "Conversational Inference and Classroom Learning" (John J. Gumperz); (2) "Persuasive Talk--The Social Organization of Children's Talk" (Jenny Cook-Gumperz); (3) "Ethnography--The Holistic Approach to Understanding Schooling" (Frank W. Lutz); (4) "Triangulated Inquiry--A Methodology for the…

  17. Higher-Order Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales with a Referred Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Jason M.; Canivez, Gary L.; Lindstrom, Will; Hatt, Clifford V.

    2007-01-01

    The factor structure of the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS; [Reynolds, C.R., & Kamphaus, R.W. (2003). "Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales". Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.]) was investigated with a large (N=1163) independent sample of referred students (ages 6-18). More rigorous factor extraction criteria…

  18. Description of the Pupa of Culicoides crucifer Clastrier (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).

    PubMed

    Ronderos, M M; Spinelli, G R; Keppler, R L F

    2013-10-01

    The pupa of Culicoides crucifer Clastrier is described, illustrated and photomicrographed by using binocular microscope and phase-contrast microscopy from material collected in an artificial container in Manaus, Brazil. The pupa shows features typical of pupae occurring in calm and clean waters, and it is compared with its similar congeners of the subgenus Haematomyiidium, Culicoides annuliductus Wirth and Culicoides debilipalpis Lutz.

  19. Attractant semiochemicals of the engraver beetle, Ips perturbatus, in south-central and interior Alaska.

    Treesearch

    Edward H. Holsten; Roger E. Burnside; Steven J. Seybold

    2000-01-01

    From 1996 through 1999, field tests of various engraver beetle (Ips perturbatus (Eichhoff)) semiochemicals in funnel traps were conducted in south-central and interior Alaska in stands of Lutz (Picea xlutzii Little) and white spruce (P.glauca (Moench) Voss). The European spruce beetle (I....

  20. Witch-Hunting at Crucible University: The Power and Peril of Competing Organizational Ideologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Michael S.; Hartley, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    The literature on organizational culture underscores the benefits of a strong culture--its capacity to draw people together through shared values and norms. Yet, the formation of a powerful ideology also has the capacity to promote divisiveness and to alienate those who fail to conform. This study employs Frank W. Lutz's witch-hunting framework in…

  1. Ethnography and Language in Educational Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Judith L., Ed.; Wallat, Cynthia, Ed.

    This compilation includes the following essays: (1) "Conversational Inference and Classroom Learning" (John J. Gumperz); (2) "Persuasive Talk--The Social Organization of Children's Talk" (Jenny Cook-Gumperz); (3) "Ethnography--The Holistic Approach to Understanding Schooling" (Frank W. Lutz); (4) "Triangulated Inquiry--A Methodology for the…

  2. [Tabanidae (Diptera) of State of Maranhão, Brazil II. Description of Esenbeckia (Esenbeckia) rafaeli, sp. nov].

    PubMed

    Limeira-de-Oliveira, Francisco

    2008-01-01

    Esenbeckia (Esenbeckia) rafaeli, sp.nov. is described and figured from nine specimens collected in Carolina, state of Maranhão, Brazil. The new species is compared with the species Esenbeckia (Esenbeckia) laticlava Wilkerson & Fairchild, 1983; Esenbeckia (Esenbeckia) bitriangulata Lutz & Castro, 1935 e Esenbeckia (Esenbeckia) enderleini Kröber, 1931.

  3. "Who Killed William Robinson?" Exploring a Nineteenth-Century Murder Online

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandwell, Ruth

    2004-01-01

    In 1996, the author and fellow-historian John Lutz set about creating a teaching tool for history that would acquaint students with primary documents and take full advantage of the brand-new technology of the World Wide Web. He launched the website, entitled "Who Killed William Robinson? Race, Justice and Settling the Land,"…

  4. "Three Grandes Dames" or Dayton, Ohio, as a Well-Spring of Women Special Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Eugene B.

    This historical consideration of the role of women librarians in three Dayton special libraries centers on three figures: (1) Caroline W. Lutz, librarian of the General Motors Research Corporation from 1922 to 1956; (2) Hope Thomas, head librarian of the United States Air Force McCook Field Library in the mid-1940's; and (3l Emma Wedenbine,…

  5. U.S. Army Research, Development, And Engineering Command (RDECOM), Independent Test And Evaluation Of The Stand Alone Patient Simulator (SAPS), Under The DoD Challenge Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-15

    community (van Meurs, et al, 1997, DeVita , et al, 2004, Bradley, 2006). While several studies have been conducted for training efficacy as a measure...Anatomy Of Full-Scale patient Simulators”, Journal of Clinical Monitoring 1997; 00: 1-8. M.A. Devita , J Schaefer, J. Lutz, H. Wang, and T. Dongilli

  6. The Teacher Trainer, A Practical Journal Mainly for Modern Language Teacher Trainers, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodward, Tessa, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    The three issues of the journal on second language teacher education include these articles: "Making a Course Your Own: Involving Trainees in the Planning and Evaluation of a Special Group Summer Course Abroad" (Klaus Lutz); "Task Based Learning - Appropriate Methodology?" (Jane Cadorath, Simon Harris); "Building Group…

  7. Spatial and temporal distribution of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in the Itatiaia National Park, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Figueiró, Ronaldo; Araújo-Coutinho, Carlos J P C; Azevedo, Leonardo H Gil; Nascimento, Erika S; Monteiro, Ricardo F

    2006-01-01

    The distribution of the blackfly larval taxocenoses of different altitudes in the Itatiaia National Park (located in the southeast of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil 44 degrees 34' - 44 degrees 42' W, 22 degrees 16' - 22 degrees 28' S) was investigated on four campaigns, one in each season of 2003. On each campaign 60 samples were collected, using 30 x 30 cm wooden quadrats, distributed at four sites: Taquaral, Véu da Noiva, Três Picos and Brejo da Lapa. The winter and spring campaigns included two additional sampling sites: Alsene and Agulhas Negras. A total of 3578 larvae and 292 pupae were sampled, representative of six species: Simulium clavibranchium Lutz, S. subnigrum Lutz, S. rappae Py-Daniel, S. incrustatum Lutz, S. stellatum Gil-Azevedo, Figueiró & Maia-Herzog and Lutzsimulium pernigrum Lutz 1910. The highest larvae abundance and diversity were reported at the intermediate altitude site, Brejo da Lapa. Principal Components Analysis (PCA) revealed that L. pernigrum, S. stellatum and S. incrustatum were associated with the smaller breeding sites, the first two species being associated with sunny sites, while S. incrustatum occurred in sites with little sunlight.

  8. Studies to Control Endemic Typhoid Fever in Chile

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-07-14

    34cold-chain" and samples were sent to the Instituto de Salud Publica where further quantitative cultures were performed on July 27 and 28. Results of...these bacteriological studies at the Instituto de Salud Publica documented that all of the capsules tested of both vaccines contained I to 4 billion...Instituto de Salud Publica for quantitative bacteriology. Capsules of both formulations of vaccine delivered to the Instituto on August 26 were tested on

  9. Global Jihad: The Role of Europe’s Radical Muslims

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    Instituto Nacional de Estadistica , Population and Housing Census 2001, (Madrid, Spain: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica , 2001), http://www.ine.es...accessed October 2007). Instituto Nacional de Estadistica . Population and Housing Census 2001. http://www.ine.es/inebase/cgi/um?M=%2Ft20%2Fe242&O= inebase

  10. Nonphase Materials: Synthesis, Properties, Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-07-02

    Aveiro PORTUGAL 16 Pedro Gorria Korres Instituto de Magnetismo Aplicado Apdo. Correos 155 28230 Las Rosas Madrid SPAIN A. Hernando Instituto de Magnetismo ...Bellaterra (Barcelona) SPAIN J. Navarro Instituto de Magnetismo Applicado RENFE-UCM P. 0. Box 155, Las Rozas Madrid 28230 SPAIN X. X. Zhang

  11. Diagnosis of AIDS-Related Intestinal Parasites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-07

    Peru), Claudio F. Lanata (Instituto de Investigacion Nutricional , Lima, Peru) and Irene Perez-Schael (Instituto de Biomedicina, Caracas, Venezuela) (15...above) and Homero Martinez, M.D., Instituto National de la Nutricion , Mexico City. In this study, 53 children with at least one microscopic stool

  12. [Relationship between the ankle-arm index determined by Doppler ultrasonography and cardiovascular outcomes and amputations, in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].

    PubMed

    Miranda Garduño, Luis Miguel; Bermúdez Rocha, Rocío; Gómez Pérez, Francisco J; Aguilar Salinas, Carlos A

    2011-01-01

    An ankle/arm index < 0.90 and ≥ 1.41 is considered as abnormal. This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease through the identification of the ankle/arm index using Doppler ultrasound, and the possible association between pathological ankle/arm index and the micro- and macrovascular complications of diabetes and amputation. The ankle/arm index was determined in outpatient type 2 diabetic subjects. There were the following variables: age and cardiovascular outcomes. To find if the ankle/arm index is related to the cardiovascular outcomes or with the presence of micro- or macrovascular complications we determined the index of correlation of Pearson and also used logistic regression methods to analyze the association between ankle/arm index with the categorical variables. We calculated the ankle/arm index in 242 patients. The prevalence of ischemic ankle/arm index (< 0.90) was 13.6%. The Pearson correlation coefficient for ankle/arm index pathological and cardiovascular outcomes was 0.180 (p = 0.005), amputation 0.130 (p < 0.05), retinopathy 0.132 (p < 0.05), and nephropathy 0.158 (p = 0.01). In logistic regression analysis, the factors associated with pathological ankle/arm index were age > 51 years, cardiovascular outcomes, and amputation. With the Mann Whitney U test we found that a relationship exists between pathological and amputation iliotibial band (p < 0.05). Diabetic patients have a high prevalence of pathological ankle/arm index.

  13. Network Science and Crowd Behavior Metrics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    level of motivation , the presence of alternative behaviors, and whether or not the capability exists for the performance of the behavior. In...addition, motivation is affected by the perceived costs, benefits, and probability of success of the behavior. The perception of the costs (or...Cliff Lutz, Kevin Tevis, John Riedener, Robert DeMarco, Gladstone Reid, Michael Brown, Russell Jones, Lt. Cory Bolander, Kaizen Martial Arts School

  14. Diplostomiasis in cultured and wild tilapia Oreochromis niloticus in Guerrero State, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Violante-González, Juan; García-Varela, Martín; Rojas-Herrera, Agustín; Guerrero, Salvador Gil

    2009-09-01

    This paper is a comparative study of Diplostomum (Austrodiplostomum) compactum (Lutz, 1928) in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linneo) from two fish farms and two nearby coastal lagoons in Guerrero state, Mexico. The higher infections levels in cultured tilapia than wild tilapia is attributed to higher fish densities in the culture systems and higher abundance of the snail Biomphalaria cf. havanensis (Pteiffer), first intermediate host of this parasite in freshwater and brackish water systems.

  15. Genetic divergence among Venezuelan populations of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae).

    PubMed

    Arrivillaga, J; Rangel, Y; Oviedo, M; Feliciangeli, M D

    2000-05-01

    Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva) is the primary vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Venezuela. An analysis of alleles at seven enzyme-encoding loci among four populations from different geographic and epidemiological regions revealed strong genetic substructuring. Isozyme analysis indicated that L. longipalpis in Venezuela is a complex of at least two subspecies. Possible differences in population size during their evolutionary histories, varying colonization histories and geological events may explain discrepancies in the patterns of variation observed at genetic markers between these four populations.

  16. FAMILY CERATOPOGONIDAE.

    PubMed

    Spinelli, Gustavo A; Wolff, Marta

    2016-06-14

    Two hundred and thirty five species of Ceratopogonids arranged in 28 genera are listed for Colombia, mostly Culicoides (112 species) and Forcipomyia (50 species). For each listed species, information on type locality, type category and sex, location of type material, species distribution, localities for Colombia and main references, is provided. Localities are not specified for 17 species in which the literature searching was negative. Forcipomyia squamitibia Lutz and Bezzia clavipennis are excluded from the list.

  17. On the Development of Constitutive Relations for Plain and Reinforced Concrete.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-04-09

    model was a non-associated form of the pressure-dependent Drucker - Prager theory. For monotonic loading Bazant and Kim assumed a loading function of...8217(85 ) Lutz and Gergely (86 ) and it is generally accepted that there are three contributions: 0 adhesion * friction 0 mechanical interlock. Adhesion is...element analysis. Their principal conclusions were: 0 Adhesive bond has a strength of 50-100 psi and is destroyed at low levels of bond slip. 0

  18. Solar heating system installed at Stamford, Connecticut

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    The solar heating system installed at the Lutz-Sotire Partnership Executive East Office Building, Stamford, Connecticut is described. The Executive East Office Building is of moderate size with 25,000 sq ft of heated space in 2 1/2 stories. The solar system was designed to provide approximately 50 percent of the heating requirements. The system components are described. Appended data includes: the system design acceptance test, the operation and maintenance manual, and as-built drawings and photographs.

  19. What Can Mongolia Learn from the Experiences of Other Democratic Countries That Have Set Up Systems for Defense Policy Planning?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    Perspectives on the Estonian Post-Communist Transition. Tartu : Tartu University Press, 1997. Lerche, Charles. “Problem Areas: Political” Principles of...outlines of suggested Estonian Defense Planning System” Tartu : Estonian National Defense College, 2003. Unterseher, Lutz. “ German Defense Planning: In a...Major, Mongolian Armed Forces B.A., Military University of Mongolia, 1998 Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

  20. Armed Services Vocational Interest Profile (ASVIP): Feasibility and Design Alternatives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-11-01

    years ago, review articles by Dolliver (1969), Holland and Lutz (1968), and Whitney (1969) reviewed research up to that time comparing the merits of...Assessment Results In one of the few studies to survey the use of commercially published tests in high schools, Engen , Lamb, and Prediger (1982...Experience and Skills Assessment (VIESA). Engen et al. (1982) reported that according to the survey results, the use of commercial tests still plays an

  1. The State of Knowledge on the Determinants of Offensiveness and Defensiveness in Conventional Ground Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    Atomic Scientists , May 1989, p.34; Richard Bun, New Weapons Technologies: Debate and Directions Adelphi Paper No.126, (London: International Institute for...Public Policy Working Paper SB-2; John Grin and Lutz Unterseher, "The Spiderweb Defense" Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists . September 1988 (Vol,44, No...Kcopy 33 of 74 copieS I Ln NIDA PAPER P-2295 THE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE ON THE DETERMINANTS OF OFFENSIVENESS AND DEFENSIVENESS IN CONVENTIONAL GROUND

  2. [Permanent education in health and nursing work: perspective of a transformative praxis].

    PubMed

    da Silva, Luiz Anildo Anacleto; Ferraz, Fabiane; Lino, Mônica Motta; Backes, Vânia Marli Schubert; Schmidt, Sandra Marcia Soares

    2010-09-01

    This is a theoretical reflection that aims to encourage readers to rethink the role of permanent education of health and nursing subjects/workers in the perspective of individual and collective development through transformative praxis. We tried to make a thoughtful articulation about principles of transformative praxis presented by the philosopher Adolfo Sánchez Vázquez with the precepts of permanent education in health and nursing work. This articulation presents an educational concept in favor of the subject-worker's awareness about the distinct contributions of personal, social, relational and institutional arrangements that may result from different ways of perceiving and practicing permanent education in health and nursing work.

  3. Cohesion of wet grains at high liquid content

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raux, Pascal; Bocquet, Lyderic; Biance, Anne-Laure

    2015-11-01

    Adding liquid to a granular medium highly increases its cohesion, due to the creation of capillary bridges between grains. From the paste obtained by mixing a large amount of water to spherical glass beads (~ 100 μm), we cast a compact beam. We study its rupture under its own weight, then deduce the cohesive strength, which increases with water content. This behavior diverges from what is expected from individual capillary bridges, suggesting a role of the liquid repartition in the granular medium. Curently at the Universidad Adolfo Ibañez (Chile).

  4. European Science Notes Information Bulletin Reports on Current European/ Middle Eastern Science

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-01

    proposed that do not use service time information. The Paulo V."rissimo, Instituto de Enghenaria de Sistemas job delays caused by the proposed scheduling...Greece), Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas modeling, Pisarenko analysis, Prony analysis, Laplace e’Computadores (INESC) (Portugal), Standard Elektrik...France), Instituto de Enghenaria de Sistemas e computing widely acceptable are still ease of parallel Computadores (INESC, Lisbon), Siemens (FRG

  5. Expert Maintenance Advisor Development for Navy Shipboard Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    Society - Swedish Al Society SFrench Al Association - United Nations Industrial Development - IEEE Technical Committee on Organization ES Applications...Estoril (EDEN) Chair: Xavier Alaman, Instituto de Ingenieria del Conocimiento, SPAIN "A Model of Handling Uncertainty in Expert Systems," 01 Zhao...for Supervisory Process Control," Xavier Alaman, Instituto de Ingenieria del Conocimiento, SPAIN - (L) INTEGRATED KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS IN POWER

  6. Microbial Pathogenesis and Host Defense.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-03-01

    of Molecular Microbiology, Instituto de Biotecnologia , UNAM, Cuernavaca, Mexico: Regulatory features of bundle-forming pilus expression in...Jos& L. Puente. Department of Molecular Microbiology, Instituto de Biotecnologia , UNAM, Cuernavaca, Morelos, 62210, Mexico. In EPEC, the bfpA gene codes

  7. Brazil-U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-18

    2004. 23 Ricard Henriques, “ Desigualdade racial no Brasil,” Brasilia: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), 2001. 24 “Economic Survey of...U.S. Policy, by Clare Ribando Seelke. 61 Ricard Henriques, “ Desigualdade racial no Brasil,” Brasilia: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA

  8. Brazil-U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-06

    Latin America Regional Report, December 21, 2004. 21 Ricard Henriques, “ Desigualdade racial no Brasil,” Brasilia: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica...Ricard Henriques, “ Desigualdade racial no Brasil,” Brasilia: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), 2001 61 Livio Sansone, “Anti-Racism in Brazil

  9. Brazil-U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-05

    Land Report Dilemma,” Latin America Regional Report, December 21, 2004. 28 Ricardo Henriques, “ Desigualdade racial no Brasil,” Brasilia: Instituto...Clare Ribando Seelke and June S. Beittel. 106 Ricard Henriques, “ Desigualdade racial no Brasil,” Brasilia: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada

  10. The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-12

    Ministerio de Economia y Finanzas Publicas. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos (INDEC). Utilizacion de la Capacidid Instalada en la Industria...Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos. Intercambio Comercial Argentino. Buenos Aires, January 28, 2009. 103 Global Insight. Argentina: S&P Lowers

  11. Challenges to Public-Private Transport Infrastructure Development in Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-28

    values from Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Geografia (INEGI), accessed on 2 October 2011. http://www.inegi.org.mx/default.aspx? 28 Loftus-Otway...Working Papers on Insurance and Private Pensions, No. 32 (2009). DOI:10.1787/227416754242 Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Geografia (INEGI) [National

  12. NAICS Impact on Small Business Set-Asides

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    historically underutilized business zone IDIQ indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity IFB invitation for bid INECI Instituto Nacional de Estadistica ...production processes (Vogel, 2001). 1. History The NAICS was first released in 1997 after a joint effort by Mexico’s Instituto Nacional de Estadistica

  13. Approved Methods and Algorithms for DoD Risk-Based Explosives Siting

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-21

    development and life expectancy.” http://www.statistik-bund.de/basis/e July 1998 (22 December 1998) 9 Instituto Nacional de Estadistica . “Number of deaths...bund.de/basis/e July 1998 (22 December 1998). 9 Instituto Nacional de Estadistica . “Number of deaths by major causes of death.” http://www.ine.es/htdocs

  14. A Statistical Analysis of Venezuelan Defense Spending.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-03-01

    1954. 11. Costezano, V. and Casado, E.R., Venezuelan Education La Esfera Newspaper, Caracas, 1954. 12. Instituto Interamericano de Estadistica , America...en Cifras, 1974. 13. Instituto Interamericano do Estadistica , America en Cifras, 1974. 14. Furtado, C., Economic Development Of Latin America

  15. NAFTA Effects on Income Inequality between 1998 and 2006: A Comparative Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION IMF INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND INEGI INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE ESTADISTICA , GEOGRAFIA E INFORMATICA NAAEC NORTH...Instituto Nacional de Estadistica , Geografia e Informatica (INEGI). According to INEGI’s report which included nine regions of Mexico from 1992 to

  16. Electronic and Solid State Sciences. Program Summary, FY 1979.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-01-01

    metallic cubes with widths of less than 1 micron. Progress: New NR 319-150, Instituto Venezolano dp Investigaciones Cientificas , "Collaborative Project on...Raytheon Company 122, 123 Engineering 164 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 6, Instituto Venezolano de 48, 169 Investigaciones Cientificas 42 Research

  17. Design, Implementation and Evaluation of an Operating System for a Network of Transputers.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-06-01

    Estado Maior da Armada Brazilian Naval Commission 4706 Wisconsin Ave., NW. Washington, DC 20016 14. Diretona de Ensino da .\\larinha Brazilian Naval...Instituto Mititar de Engenharia Praia Vermelha. Urca Rio de Janeiro, RJ CEP 20000, BRAZIL 18. Instituto Tecnoldgico da Aeronautica $5o Jose dos Campos. SP

  18. Study to Determine Seismic Response of Sonic Boom-Coupled Rayleigh Waves

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-26

    are compiled from the microtremor measurements carried out by Instituto de Ingenieria , UNAM and scientists from Japan (for a total of 181 sites...the accelerographs operated by Instituto de Ingenieria , UNAM. Using this new data and results from the analysis of previous accelerograms we present

  19. Deepening Democracy: Explaining Variations in the Levels of Democracy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Federal Electoral Institute IMF International Monetary Fund INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadistica , Geografia e Informatica xvi ISI Import...196 Informacion Estadistica . 132 assassination of a police chief or journalist. The overwhelming brutality and brazenness of the violence (and...strongmen) to secure their power.204 203 Instituto Nacional Estadistica e Geografia, “Elecciones

  20. Small Business Contracting in the United States and Europe: A Comparative Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    settlement‖ (p. 288). Burgi (2007) cites Contse SA, Vivisol Srl, Oxigen Salud SA v Instituto Nacional de Gestión Sanitaria (Ingesa), former Instituto...Nacional de la Salud (Insalud) Case C-234/03, 2005 ECR I-09315)). However, the case on which Burgi relied again concerns purely the requirements governing

  1. Mexico's National Educational Videoconferencing Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pisanty, Alejandro

    This paper begins with background on the National University of Mexico (UNAM) and its networks. Other distance education projects in Mexico are described, including projects of the Instituto Politecnico Nacional (IPN), the National Distance Education Program operated by the Secretary of Education, and the Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios…

  2. SATURN Session Summary Use of the SEI ATAM in Practice

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    of Applying the SEI ATAM to a Software Testing Automation Solution Fernando Enobi & Reginaldo Arakaki, Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas de São...a Software Testing Automation Solution Fernando Enobi & Reginaldo Arakaki, Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas de São Paulo When applying the ATAM

  3. JPRS Report Science & Technology Japan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-25

    Louvain Cenrto de Biologia Molecular , Facultad de Ceincias C-X, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid Former President, St. John’s College Universite Libre...Instituto di Fisiologia del Centn Nervosi Instituto di Biologia Cellulare, CNR Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo Director, National...Secretariat, Medical Research Council Deputy Director, Medical Research Council/Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Administrative Secretary

  4. Arctic Ozone Loss in Threshold Conditions: Match Observations in 1997/1998 and 1998/1999

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-16

    Kiihlungsborn, Germany. 8Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia , Madrid, Spain. 9Deutscher Wetterdienst, HohenpeiBenberg, Germany. 10Instituto Nacional de... Meteorologia , Tenerife, Spain. 11 Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, On- tario, Canada. 12Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels, Belgium...Nacional de Meteorologia , Apdo. 285, 28071 Madrid, Spain. (Jmin.Cisneros@inm.es) H. Claude, DWD, Observatory HohenpeiBenberg, Albin- Schwaiger-Weg 10

  5. Deep Water Mass Circulation in the Alboran Basin. Measurements - January to April 1982. ALBORAN II,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    Informes Tecnicos Instituto Espafiol de Oceanografia 24 1984. Ma- drid, Spain. Inst. Espanol de Oceanografia . Alcala, 27, 1984: 159-167. LACOMBE, H...18-21 October 1983, Informes Tecnicos Instituto Espafiol de Oceanografia 24 1984. Madrid, Spain. Inst. Espanol de Oceanografia . Alcala, 27, 1984

  6. Current Measurements from Moorings off Northern California: September 1984-July 1985.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    participated in this cruise and has immortalized it in a large mural depicting the recovery of a deep-sea meter mooring. The mural is located in the Memorial...Arnaldo Dias (Instituto Antarctico Argentino), Jorge Castiglioni (Instituto Antarctico Argentino), and Henk Pander (who recorded it with glowing

  7. Multilevel Preconditioners for Discontinuous Galerkin Approximations of Elliptic Problems with Jump Coefficients

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    discontinuous coefficients on geometrically nonconforming substructures. Technical Report Serie A 634, Instituto de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Brazil, 2009...Instituto de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Brazil, 2010. submitted. [41] M. Dryja, M. V. Sarkis, and O. B. Widlund. Multilevel Schwarz methods for

  8. The Mathematical Structure of Elementary Particles.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-10-01

    Physical Mathematics) *Instituto de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Estrada Dona Castorina 110, 22460 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Sponsored by the United...is the basic method of analysis to be employed in this work. *Instituto de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Estrada Dona Castorina 110, 22460 Rio de Janeiro

  9. 1051 Ergs: The Evolution of Shell Supernova Remnants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-11-15

    Gloria Dubner Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio , Buenos Aires, Argentina Dale A. Frail National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM...Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio , Argentina Dwarkadas, Vikram V.* University of Washington Dyer, Kristy K.* North Carolina State University

  10. Health Care in Mexico: Is U.S. Partnership/Intervention an Advisable Course of Action?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-26

    July 15, 2011, http:// www.imss.gob.mx/en/institute. html (accessed 4 September 2011). 4 Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los...www.usatoday.com/news/world/2009-08-31-mexico-health-care_N.htm (accessed 4 September 2011). Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores

  11. Advances and Trends in Plate Buckling Research.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    Hydrostatic State of In- Plane Stress. Instituto de Mecanica Aplicada No. 79-21 (Puerto Belgrano, Argentina), June 1979, 10 pp. (to be published). 38. Leissa...and Elastic Stability of Circular Plates With Thickness Varying in a Bilinear Fashion. Instituto de Mecanica Aplicada No. 81-23 (Puerto Belgrano

  12. Preface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-10-01

    The last edition of the International Conference on Structural Engineering Dynamics (ICEDyn 2015) took place in Lagos, Algarve, Portugal from 22 to 24 of June 2015 and it was organized by the Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), from the University of Lisbon (UL) and the Instituto de Engenharia Mecânica (IDMEC).

  13. A fast double template convolution isocenter evaluation algorithm with subpixel accuracy.

    PubMed

    Winey, Brian; Sharp, Greg; Bussière, Marc

    2011-01-01

    To design a fast Winston Lutz (fWL) algorithm for accurate analysis of radiation isocenter from images without edge detection or center of mass calculations. An algorithm has been developed to implement the Winston Lutz test for mechanical/ radiation isocenter agreement using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID). The algorithm detects the position of the radiation shadow of a tungsten ball within a stereotactic cone. The fWL algorithm employs a double convolution to independently find the position of the sphere and cone centers. Subpixel estimation is used to achieve high accuracy. Results of the algorithm were compared to (1) a human observer with template guidance and (2) an edge detection/center of mass (edCOM) algorithm. Testing was performed with high resolution (0.05 mm/px, film) and low resolution (0.78 mm/px, EPID) image sets. Sphere and cone center relative positions were calculated with the fWL algorithm for high resolution test images with an accuracy of 0.002 +/- 0.061 mm compared to 0.042 +/- 0.294 mm for the human observer, and 0.003 +/- 0.038 mm for the edCOM algorithm. The fWL algorithm required 0.01 s per image compared to 5 s for the edCOM algorithm and 20 s for the human observer. For lower resolution images the fWL algorithm localized the centers with an accuracy of 0.083 +/- 0.12 mm compared to 0.03 +/- 0.5514 mm for the edCOM algorithm. A fast (subsecond) subpixel algorithm has been developed that can accurately determine the center locations of the ball and cone in Winston Lutz test images without edge detection or COM calculations.

  14. Overland flow generation in two lithologically distinct rainforest catchments

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Godsey, S.; Elsenbeer, H.; Stallard, R.

    2004-01-01

    Streams on uniformly rainforest-covered, but lithologically very diverse Barro Colorado Island in central Panama?? show remarkable differences in their runoff response to rainfall. This lithological diversity is reflected in equally diverse soilscapes, and our objective was to test the hypothesis that contrasting runoff responses derive from soilscape features that control the generation of overland flow. We determined the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) of two neighboring, but hydrologically contrasting catchments (Lutz Creek with a flashy and Conrad Trail with a delayed response to rainfall), and quantified the spatial and temporal frequency of overland flow occurrence. The median Ks values at a depth of 12.5 cm are large enough to rule out Hortonian overland flow, but a marked decrease in K s in Lutz Creek catchment at 30 cm suggests the formation of a perched water table and the generation saturation overland flow; the decrease in Ks in the Conrad Trail catchment is more gradual, and a perched water table is expected to form only at depths below 50 cm. In Lutz Creek, overland flow was generated frequently in time and space and regardless of topographic position, including near the interfluve, with very low thresholds of storm magnitude, duration, intensity and antecedent wetness, whereas in Conrad Trail, overland flow was generated much less frequently and then only locally. We conclude that soilscape features and microtopography are important controls of overland flow generation in these catchments. Our results contribute to the growing evidence that overland flow and forests are not a priori a contradiction in terms. ?? 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. A fast double template convolution isocenter evaluation algorithm with subpixel accuracy

    SciTech Connect

    Winey, Brian; Sharp, Greg; Bussiere, Marc

    2011-01-15

    Purpose: To design a fast Winston Lutz (fWL) algorithm for accurate analysis of radiation isocenter from images without edge detection or center of mass calculations. Methods: An algorithm has been developed to implement the Winston Lutz test for mechanical/radiation isocenter agreement using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID). The algorithm detects the position of the radiation shadow of a tungsten ball within a stereotactic cone. The fWL algorithm employs a double convolution to independently find the position of the sphere and cone centers. Subpixel estimation is used to achieve high accuracy. Results of the algorithm were compared to (1) a human observer with template guidance and (2) an edge detection/center of mass (edCOM) algorithm. Testing was performed with high resolution (0.05mm/px, film) and low resolution (0.78mm/px, EPID) image sets. Results: Sphere and cone center relative positions were calculated with the fWL algorithm for high resolution test images with an accuracy of 0.002{+-}0.061 mm compared to 0.042{+-}0.294 mm for the human observer, and 0.003{+-}0.038 mm for the edCOM algorithm. The fWL algorithm required 0.01 s per image compared to 5 s for the edCOM algorithm and 20 s for the human observer. For lower resolution images the fWL algorithm localized the centers with an accuracy of 0.083{+-}0.12 mm compared to 0.03{+-}0.5514 mm for the edCOM algorithm. Conclusions: A fast (subsecond) subpixel algorithm has been developed that can accurately determine the center locations of the ball and cone in Winston Lutz test images without edge detection or COM calculations.

  16. Overland flow generation in two lithologically distinct rainforest catchments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Godsey, S.; Elsenbeer, H.; Stallard, R.

    2004-08-01

    Streams on uniformly rainforest-covered, but lithologically very diverse Barro Colorado Island in central Panamá show remarkable differences in their runoff response to rainfall. This lithological diversity is reflected in equally diverse soilscapes, and our objective was to test the hypothesis that contrasting runoff responses derive from soilscape features that control the generation of overland flow. We determined the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity ( Ks) of two neighboring, but hydrologically contrasting catchments (Lutz Creek with a flashy and Conrad Trail with a delayed response to rainfall), and quantified the spatial and temporal frequency of overland flow occurrence. The median Ks values at a depth of 12.5 cm are large enough to rule out Hortonian overland flow, but a marked decrease in Ks in Lutz Creek catchment at 30 cm suggests the formation of a perched water table and the generation saturation overland flow; the decrease in Ks in the Conrad Trail catchment is more gradual, and a perched water table is expected to form only at depths below 50 cm. In Lutz Creek, overland flow was generated frequently in time and space and regardless of topographic position, including near the interfluve, with very low thresholds of storm magnitude, duration, intensity and antecedent wetness, whereas in Conrad Trail, overland flow was generated much less frequently and then only locally. We conclude that soilscape features and microtopography are important controls of overland flow generation in these catchments. Our results contribute to the growing evidence that overland flow and forests are not a priori a contradiction in terms.

  17. SU-E-T-48: Automated Quality Assurance for XML Controlled Linacs

    SciTech Connect

    Valdes, G; Morin, O; Pouliot, J; Chuang, C

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To automate routine imaging QA procedures so that complying with TG 142 and TG 179 can be efficient and reliable. Methods: Two QA tests for a True Beam Linac were automatized. A Winston Lutz test as described by Lutz et al{sup 1} using the Winston Lutz test kit from BrainLab, Germany and a CBCT Image Quality test as described in TG 179 using the EMMA phantom, Siemens Medical Physics, Germany were performed in our True Beam. For each QA procedure tested, a 3 step paradigm was used. First, the data was automatically acquired using True Beam Developer Mode and XML scripting. Second, the data acquired in the first step was automatically processed using in-home grown Matlab GUIs. Third, Machine Learning algorithms were used to automatically classify the processed data and reports generated. Results: The Winston Luzt test could be performed by an experienced medical physicist in 29.0 ± 8.0 min. The same test, if automated using our paradigm, could be performed in 3.0 ± 0.1 min. In the same lieu, time could be substantially saved for image quality tests. In this case, the amount of time saved will depend on the phantoms used and the initial localization method. Additionally, machine learning algorithms could automatically identify the roots of the problems if any and possibly help reduce machine down time. Conclusion: Modern linear accelerators are equipped with advanced 2D and 3D imaging that are used for patient alignment substantially improving IGRT protocols. However, this extra complexity exponentially increases the number of QA tests needed. Using the new paradigm described above, not only bare minimum but best practice QA programs could be implemented with the same manpower. This work is supported by Varian, Palo Alto, CA.

  18. Use of charts for flow discharge calculations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lutz, O

    1941-01-01

    Various problems in connection with engine design involve flow-discharge calculations which are rendered difficult both on account of the large number of external variables that enter into the computation - i.e., changes in discharge area during the process, change in volume of the cylinder, pressure, etc., and changes in the thermal constants themselves of the flow medium. A fairly accurate solution that does not involve an excessive amount of labor can be obtained only through the extensive use of i-s tables. In the present report, a solution is offered in the form of a different method making use of the I-S table of Lutz and Wolf.

  19. VizieR Online Data Catalog: CaII-Mv Correlation (Wilson-Bappu Effect) (Wallerstein+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wallerstein, G.; Machado-Pelaez, L.; Gonzalez, G.

    1999-07-01

    Hipparcos parallaxes were used to derive absolute visual magnitudes of G, K, and M stars with Ca II emission line widths previously measured by O.C. Wilson. A linear relationship similar to the one derived originally by Wilson & Bappu and improved by Lutz & Kelker was found from Mv=+7 to -2. For stars brighter than Mv=-2 a substantial number of stars show Ca II emission lines that are broader than expected from the linear fit. Most of those stars are bright giants and supergiants of type G. (3 data files).

  20. Statistical Analysis of Proper-Motion Surveys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanson, R. B.

    Proper motion surveys offer a great deal of data bearing on important astronomical problems such as stellar kinematics and the luminosity function in the solar neighborhood. Major obstacles to the full use of proper motions have long been posed by: (1) incompleteness of proper motion surveys, (2) proper motion bias in kinematic studies, and (3) the indirect approaches and kinematical assumptions needed in traditional luminosity studies. These obstacles can be largely overcome by a new approach (Hanson 1983) using multivariate and conditional distribution statistics (Hanson, Lutz, and Murray 1984) to model the proper motion survey data.

  1. A Model for Predicting Thermomechanical Response of Large Space Structures.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-01

    PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) D.H. Allen and W.E. Haisler 13. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED 14. DATE OF REPORT (P.. M.. Day, 1. PAGE COUNT Annual FROMMay 󈨘 TO...TITLE ’inciude Security Claaaficatlon4 Developrrmnt of a Theoretical Frarrevork for nstitutive uations f r Metal t.,Iatrix 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S...Response of La ge Space St uctures 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) S. Kalyanasundaram, J.D. Lutz, W.E. Haisler, D.H. Allen 13. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED U4

  2. Laser-Induced Dissociation of HN sub 3 (DN sub 3) on GaAs (100) K

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    Colaionmi, and J. T. Yates, Jr.; Surface Sci. 274 (1992) L 605. [2] J. L. Bishoff, F. Lutz, D. Bolmont, and L. Kubler ; Surface Sci. 251/252 (1991) 170. [3...E. K. Hjil, L. Kubler , J. L. Bischoff, and D. Bolmont; Phys. Rev. B35 (1987) 5913. [4] Ph. Avouris, F. Bozso, and R. J. Hamers; J. Vac. Sci. Technol...Surface Sci. 241 (1991) 353. [9] A. C. Dillon, P. Gupta, M. B. Robinson, A. S. Bracker, and S. M. George ; J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A9 (1991) 2222. [10

  3. The 308-nm Laser Photodissociation of HN3 Adsorbed on Si(111)-7X7

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    and M. Nishijima; Surface Sci. 191 (1987) L756. [3] C.U.S. Larsson, and A.S. Flodstrom; Surface Sci. 241 (1991) 353. [4] E.K. Hlil, L. Kubler , J.L...Bischoff, F. Lutz, D. Bolmont, and L. Kubler ; Surface Sci. 251 (1991) 170. [7] D.G. Kilday, G. Margartondo, D.J. Frankel, J. Anderson, and G.J. Lapeyre; Phys...Rev. B35 (1987) 9364. [8] T. Isu, and K. Fujiwaraf; Solid State Commun. 42 (1982) 477. [9] L. Kubler , E.K. Hlil, D. Bolmont, and G. Gewinner

  4. A Thermoelastic Model for Thick Composite Rings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-01

    Laboratory ATT’N: AMSRL-OP-CI-AD, (Cla fY) I Commandant Records Management U.S. Army Infantry School 2800 Powder Mill Rd. ATTN: ATSH-CD (Security Mgr...Price F. Heizer V. Linder J. Keane T. Davidson T. Allen Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000 J. Vasilakis G. Friar I Commander J. Zweig Production Base...Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000 R. Cart SMCAR-CCH-V, E. Fennell 3 Project Manager SMCAR-CCH-P, 1. Lutz Advanced Field Artillery System SMCAR-CCH, J

  5. The Far-Infrared Emission Line and Continuum Spectrum of the Seyfert Galaxy NGC 1068

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-04-10

    contour plots in Luhman et al. (2003), the measured [C ii] 158 and [O i] 145 m line fluxes (but not the [O i] 63 m line flux, which may be affected by...J., & Luhman , M. L. 1999, ApJ, 527, 795 Kessler, M. F., et al. 1996, A&A, 315, L27 Kriss, G. A., Davidsen, A. F., Blair, W. P., Ferguson, H. C...123, 3 Lepp, S., & Dalgarno, A. 1996, A&A, 306, L21 Luhman ,M. L., Satyapal, S., Fischer, J., Wolfire,M. G., Sturm, E., Dudley, C. C., Lutz, D

  6. Impact of Phlebotomine Sand Flies on U.S. Military Operations at Tallil Air Base, Iraq: 4. Detection and Identification of Leishmania Parasites in Sand Flies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    l ofAEbufferwas added, followed by incubation at room temperature for 5 min and centrifugion at 8,000 rpm for 1 min in a microcentrifuge. An...additional 50 l of AE buffer was added to the QIAamp Spin Column, followed by in- cubation at room temperature for 5 min and centri- fugion at 8,000 rpm for...FLIES 653 addition, DNA from three species of phlebotomine sand ßies Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz and Neiva), P. papatasi, and Phlebotomus argentipes

  7. Simulium (Chirostilbia) brunnescens (Diptera: Simuliidae) - new species from the Brazilian cerrado, Manso Dam, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Maia-Herzog, Marilza; Valente, Ana Carolina Dos Santos; Luna-Dias, Antonio Paulino A; Gil-Azevedo, Leonardo Henrique; Marchon-Silva, Verônica

    2012-08-01

    A new species of Simuliidae, Simulium (Chirostilbia) brunnescens, was discovered at Chapada dos Guimarães, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, and nearby municipalities (Paranatinga, Rosário do Oeste and Nobres). This species is described here based on the adults, pupae and larvae. This species is closely related to Simulium (C.) subpallidum Lutz, but could be differentiated in all stages: females, leg colour pattern and frontal dilatation size; males, gonostyle shape; pupae, number of gill filaments; larvae, body size and colour, postgenal cleft, ratio between antenna and stalk of labral fan.

  8. The Tabanidae of the Mitaraka expedition, with an updated check list of French Guiana (Diptera)

    PubMed Central

    Krolow, Tiago Kütter; Henriques, Augusto Loureiro; Pollet, Marc

    2017-01-01

    Abstract This paper documents the horse fly fauna collected in lowland rainforest in the southwesternmost part of French Guiana (Mitaraka). During this “Our Planet Revisited” survey nine tabanid species were recorded from French Guiana for the first time: Chrysops ecuadorensis Lutz, C. incisus Macquart, Catachlorops amazonicus Henriques & Gorayeb, Chlorotabanus flagellatus Krolow & Henriques, Cryptoylus cauri Stone, Phaeotabanus phaeopterus Fairchild, Philipotabanus stigmaticalis (Kröber), Stypommisa captiroptera (Kröber) and Tabanus amapaensis Fairchild. An updated check list of Tabanidae of French Guiana is presented, including 79 species and one unidentified Chrysops. PMID:28769735

  9. The Tabanidae of the Mitaraka expedition, with an updated check list of French Guiana (Diptera).

    PubMed

    Krolow, Tiago Kütter; Henriques, Augusto Loureiro; Pollet, Marc

    2017-01-01

    This paper documents the horse fly fauna collected in lowland rainforest in the southwesternmost part of French Guiana (Mitaraka). During this "Our Planet Revisited" survey nine tabanid species were recorded from French Guiana for the first time: Chrysops ecuadorensis Lutz, C. incisus Macquart, Catachlorops amazonicus Henriques & Gorayeb, Chlorotabanus flagellatus Krolow & Henriques, Cryptoylus cauri Stone, Phaeotabanus phaeopterus Fairchild, Philipotabanus stigmaticalis (Kröber), Stypommisa captiroptera (Kröber) and Tabanus amapaensis Fairchild. An updated check list of Tabanidae of French Guiana is presented, including 79 species and one unidentified Chrysops.

  10. [Culicidae (Diptera) in the dam area bordering the states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Gomes, Almério C; Paula, Marcia B; Vitor Neto, João B; Borsari, Rodrigo; Ferraudo, Antonio S

    2009-01-01

    The Culicidae composition of the Barra Grande Lake situated between the municipalities of Esmeralda (Rio Grande do Sul State) and Anita Garibaldi (Santa Catarina State) was assessed by monthly samplings. Twenty-four species were identified from a total of 1,185 specimens (74.7% as adults and 25.3% as immatures), with Aedes fluviatilis Lutz as the most frequent species. Several species are new records, and some of them are of public health interest. It is suggested that local environmental changes may alter the relationship between humans and vector mosquitoes.

  11. Defense Acquisition Review Journal. Volume 17, Number 1, Issue 53, January 2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    exists. The first Horseman: fear Consider the story of Pandora’s box (Wikipedia, n.d.). Pandora is given a box and told not to open it. Her curiosity...overcomes her though, and she opens the box and releases all the ills of the world. The end of the story, however, is often left out. Pandora does...log posts]. Retrieved November 4, 2009, from http://fastlane. gmblogs.com/archives/category/bob_lutz Wikipedia. (n.d.) Pandora entry. Retrieved November

  12. Defense Acquisition Review Journal. Volume 17, Number 1, Issue 53

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Pandora’s box (Wikipedia, n.d.). Pandora is given a box and told not to open it. Her curiosity overcomes her though, and she opens the box and...releases all the ills of the world. The end of the story, however, is often left out. Pandora does manage to shut the box again, trapping only hope inside...fastlane. gmblogs.com/archives/category/bob_lutz Wikipedia. (n.d.) Pandora entry. Retrieved November 4, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Pandora

  13. [Umbilical artery blood gases of term neonates at altitude].

    PubMed

    Villamonte, Wilfredo; Escalante, Darío; Yabar, Janet; Jerí, María; Peralta, Paola; Ochoa, Robert

    2014-01-01

    In order to determine the normal values of arterial blood gases in the umbilical artery of term infants at 3400 m altitude, a cross-sectional study was conducted. It was performed in the umbilical artery blood of 300 term infants, with an adequate gestational age and whose birth took place between January 2010 and December 2011 at the Essalud National Hospital Adolfo Guevara Velazco (Cusco, Peru). It was found that the average pH of healthy term infants was 7.33 ± 0.07; the values for percentiles 5 and 95 were 7.18 and 7.40 respectively. Tables with the 5th and 95th percentiles for pH, pO2, pCO2, SO2, p50, base excess and HCO3 of the umbilical artery of term infants at 3400 m altitude are provided.

  14. [Epidemiological study of traumatic hand injuries in Toluca, State of Mexico].

    PubMed

    Osnaya-Moreno, Humberto; Romero-Espinosa, Jesús Fernando; Mondragón-Chimal, Marco Antonio; Ochoa-González, Gabriel; Escoto-Gómez, Jorge Armando

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes: las lesiones traumáticas de la mano se encuentran entre los tipos más frecuentes de lesiones y se refieren al daño agudo ocasionado a la mano por un agente externo. Objetivo: determinar las características de las lesiones de mano atendidas en el Centro Médico Lic. Adolfo López Mateos, ISEM y compararlas con lo reportado en otros países. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo de pacientes atendidos en el servicio de Cirugía Plástica y Reconstructiva del Centro Médico Licenciado Adolfo López Mateos, entre el 6 de septiembre de 2010 y el 5 de septiembre de 2011, con diagnóstico de lesión traumática de mano. Resultados: se atendieron 105 casos. Predominó el sexo masculino (82.9%). El límite de edad más afectado fue el de 20 a 29 años (44.8%). La mano más lesionada fue la derecha (46.7%). El mecanismo de lesión más común fue por esmeril (41%), seguido por objeto cortante (32.4%). La mano dominante fue la más lesionada (50.47%). Las lesiones más comunes fueron de tipo abierto (88.6%), y simple (84.8%). Conclusiones: las lesiones de mano fueron más comunes en hombres, en sitios de actividad laboral, por lo que deben mejorarse los programas de seguridad en el trabajo. Las características de las lesiones traumáticas de mano en nuestra unidad fueron muy semejantes a las observadas en el resto del mundo.

  15. Understanding the Two-Photon Absorption Spectrum of PE2 Platinum Acetylide Complex

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-09

    and Cleber R. Mendonca - Grupo de Fotônica, Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S... Grupo de Fotônica, Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 369, 13560-970, São Carlos, SP Brazil Standard Form...Vivas,*,†,‡ Leonardo De Boni,† Thomas M. Cooper,§ and Cleber R. Mendonca*,† † Grupo de Fotônica, Instituto de Física de Saõ Carlos, Universidade de

  16. ON PULSAR DISTANCE MEASUREMENTS AND THEIR UNCERTAINTIES

    SciTech Connect

    Verbiest, J. P. W.; Lee, K. J.; Weisberg, J. M.; Chael, A. A.; Lorimer, D. R.

    2012-08-10

    Accurate distances to pulsars can be used for a variety of studies of the Galaxy and its electron content. However, most distance measures to pulsars have been derived from the absorption (or lack thereof) of pulsar emission by Galactic H I gas, which typically implies that only upper or lower limits on the pulsar distance are available. We present a critical analysis of all measured H I distance limits to pulsars and other neutron stars, and translate these limits into actual distance estimates through a likelihood analysis that simultaneously corrects for statistical biases. We also apply this analysis to parallax measurements of pulsars in order to obtain accurate distance estimates and find that the parallax and H I distance measurements are biased in different ways, because of differences in the sampled populations. Parallax measurements typically underestimate a pulsar's distance because of the limited distance to which this technique works and the consequential strong effect of the Galactic pulsar distribution (i.e., the original Lutz-Kelker bias), in H I distance limits, however, the luminosity bias dominates the Lutz-Kelker effect, leading to overestimated distances because the bright pulsars on which this technique is applicable are more likely to be nearby given their brightness.

  17. Identifying storm flow pathways in a rainforest catchment using hydrological and geochemical modelling

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kinner, D.A.; Stallard, R.F.

    2004-01-01

    The hydrological model TOPMODEL is used to assess the water balance and describe flow paths for the 9??73 ha Lutz Creek Catchment in Central Panama. Monte Carlo results are evaluated based on their fit to the observed hydrograph, catchment-averaged soil moisture and stream chemistry. TOPMODEL, with a direct-flow mechanism that is intended to route water through rapid shallow-soil flow, matched observed chemistry and discharge better than the basic version of TOPMODEL and provided a reasonable fit to observed soil moisture and wet-season discharge at both 15-min and daily time-steps. The improvement of simulations with the implementation of a direct-flow component indicates that a storm flow path not represented in the original version of TOPMODEL plays a primary role in the response of Lutz Creek Catchment. This flow path may be consistent with the active and abundant pipeflow that is observed or delayed saturation overland flow. The 'best-accepted' simulations from 1991 to 1997 indicate that around 41% of precipitation becomes direct flow and around 10% is saturation overland flow. Other field observations are needed to constrain evaporative and groundwater losses in the model and to characterize chemical end-members posited in this paper. Published in 2004 by John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

  18. Seven new Australian species of the southern hemisphere horse fly subgenus Scaptia (Pseudoscione) (Diptera: Tabanidae), including descriptions and a revised key.

    PubMed

    Lessard, Bryan D; Yeates, David K

    2012-11-01

    Horse flies (Diptera: Tabanidae) are ecologically important pollinators and vectors of many disease-causing organisms, as adult females are known to mechanically transfer multiple disease agents during feeding affecting humans, livestock, and many native mammals. Scaptia (Pseudoscione) Lutz in Lutz, Araujo, & Fonseca 1918 has the widest distribution of all genera in the tribe Scionini, occurring in Australia, New Guinea, New Zealand, and South America. Seven new species of Australian S. (Pseudoscione) are described and included in an updated key to the subgenus. The new species are: S. (Pseudoscione) baylessi sp. nov. Lessard, S. (Pseudoscione) casseli sp. nov. Lessard, S. (Pseudoscione) mackerrasi sp. nov. Lessard, S. (Pseudoscione) moritae sp. nov. Lessard, S. (Pseudoscione) turcatelae sp. nov. Lessard, S. (Pseudoscione) turneri sp. nov. Lessard, and S. (Pseudoscione) wiegmanni sp. nov. Lessard. In addition, S. (Pseudoscione) occidentalis Mackerras, 1960, previously described as a subspecies, has been raised to species level. One new species significantly extends the known distribution of Scaptia into central Australia, >1,200 km NW from the nearest recorded species within the subgenus.

  19. Aquarius/SAC-D Observatory before Departing Brazil

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-04-19

    After months of environmental tests at Brazil National Institute for Space Research Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, INPE, NASA Aquarius/SAC-D observatory is loaded into a crate for shipment to Vandenberg Air Force Base.

  20. Diseno y desarrollo de una base de datos bibliograficos (Design and Development of a Bibliographic Database).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattenella, L. E.; Velazco, J. W.

    1992-01-01

    This article briefly describes the development of bibliographic retrieval systems in the Instituto de Beneficio di Minerales (IN BE MI) in Salta, Argentina, using the Mini-micro CDS/ISIS software developed by Unesco. (LRW)

  1. 78 FR 66766 - Notice of Receipt of Complaint; Solicitation of Comments Relating to the Public Interest

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ... containing the same. The complaint names as respondents Veteria Laboratories of Mexico; BioVeteria Life Sciences, LLC of Prescott, Arizona; Instituto Bioclon S.A. de C.V. of Mexico; The Silanes Group of...

  2. 77 FR 2744 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Innovation Fund Program for Fiscal Year 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-19

    ... 300,000 Socioecon mico y de Vivienda de Puerto Rico, Inc. ] 43 SD Mazaska Owecaso Otipi 300,000....com . Puerto Rico Instituto para el Desarrollo Socioecon mico y de Vivienda de Puerto Rico, Inc...

  3. An Integrated Research Program for the Modeling, Analysis and Control of Aerospace Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-03-03

    Fabiano, Jr. - Brown University Mitchell Feigenbaum - Rockefeller University Elena Fernandez - Institudo de Desarrollo Techologico, para la Industria ...Minnesota James Sochacki - ISC, LaRamie, Wyoming Felippe de Souza - Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica Jason L. Speyer - University of Texas Eitan Tadmor

  4. An Integrated Research Program for the Modeling, Analysis and Control of Aerospace Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-03-03

    Mitchell Feigenbaum - Rockefeller University Elena Fernandez - Institudo de Desarrollo Techologico, para la Industria Quimica Wilfred M. Greenlee...Wyoming Felippe de Souza - Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica Jason L. Speyer - University of Texas Eitan Tadmor - Tel Aviv University Roberto

  5. Back Cover: NIH MedlinePlus Salud

    MedlinePlus

    ... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues NIH MedlinePlus Salud Past Issues / Winter 2009 Table of Contents For ... this page please turn Javascript on. ¡A su salud! Los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud (NIH, por ...

  6. La region en los procesos de planificacion Latinos Americanos. Estructura institucional y bases juridicas. (The Region in the Planning Processes in Latin America: Institutional Structures and Juridical Basis)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basaldua, Raul Oscar; Moreno, Oscar Alberto

    1971-01-01

    This paper is part of a larger research project on the decisional structure of regionalized countries, which the authors are conducting at the Instituto Torcuato Di Tella with the Arq. Jorge Hardoy. (Editor)

  7. La region en los procesos de planificacion Latinos Americanos. Estructura institucional y bases juridicas. (The Region in the Planning Processes in Latin America: Institutional Structures and Juridical Basis)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basaldua, Raul Oscar; Moreno, Oscar Alberto

    1971-01-01

    This paper is part of a larger research project on the decisional structure of regionalized countries, which the authors are conducting at the Instituto Torcuato Di Tella with the Arq. Jorge Hardoy. (Editor)

  8. Diseno y desarrollo de una base de datos bibliograficos (Design and Development of a Bibliographic Database).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattenella, L. E.; Velazco, J. W.

    1992-01-01

    This article briefly describes the development of bibliographic retrieval systems in the Instituto de Beneficio di Minerales (IN BE MI) in Salta, Argentina, using the Mini-micro CDS/ISIS software developed by Unesco. (LRW)

  9. INPE LANDSAT-D thematic mapper computer compatible tape format specification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parada, N. D. J. (Principal Investigator); Desouza, R. C. M.

    1982-01-01

    The format of the computer compatible tapes (CCT) which contain Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery data acquired from the LANDSAT D and D Prime satellites by the INSTITUTO DE PERSQUISAS ESPACIALS (CNPq-INPE/BRAZIL) is defined.

  10. 75 FR 11116 - Certain Pasta from Italy: Notice of Amended Final Results of the Twelfth Antidumping Duty...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ..., vegetable purees, milk, gluten, diastasis, vitamins, coloring and flavorings, and up to two percent egg... Bioagricert S.r.L., or by Instituto per la Certificazione Etica e Ambientale. Effective July 1, 2008,...

  11. 75 FR 81212 - Certain Pasta From Italy: Notice of Final Results of the Thirteenth Antidumping Duty...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-27

    ..., vegetable purees, milk, gluten, diastasis, vitamins, coloring and flavorings, and up to two percent egg... Bioagricert S.r.L., or by Instituto per la Certificazione Etica e Ambientale. Effective July 1, 2008,...

  12. Gallery of Portraits and Other Pictures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Velarde, M. G.

    Colleagues, scientific collaborators and visitors, and places… of significance in the life of Prof. M.G. Velarde. The gallery also illustrates the cosmopolitan life at Instituto Pluridisciplinar of Universidad Complutense of Madrid. Science is part of Culture.

  13. International Conference on Chemical Kinetics: Program and Abstracts Held in Gaithersburg, Maryland on 17-19 June 1985.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-01

    Salamanca Dpto. Fisica Teorica and University Complutense Dpto. Metodos Matematicos de la F1sica The authors show how the knowledge of (n-1) first...M. Dominguez. Centro de Quimica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas Caracas 1010-A. Venezuela. The kinetics of the gas phase...Alexandra Rotinov, Rosa M. Domfnguez, and Ignacio Martin Centro de Qufmica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (I.V.I.C.), Caracas

  14. A Doctrine Reader: The Navies of United States, Great Britain France, Italy, and Spain (Newport Paper, Number 9)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-12-01

    Chaves, Qulltri partitu en cosmografia prlletiell, also known as Espejo de navegantes (Madri: Instituto de Historia y Cultura Navar, 1 983 [original...dated 9 June 1994. 2. Alonso de Chaves, QuAtri partitu en wsmografia practiaJ, also known as Espejo de navegantes (Madrid: Instituto de Historia y...Society], 1 993), pp. 86-7. 9. Padfield, pp. 47-8. 10. Flotas de Nueva Espana (Mexico) and Tierra Firme (Colombia and Venezuela) escorted by the Armada

  15. Design and Testing of a Morphing Wing for an Experimental UAV

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-01

    Vale, F. Lau IDMEC - Instituto Superior Tecnico , Lisbon, Portugal A. Suleman University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, V8W 3P6, Canada ABSTRACT A...wing. In our research only a half wing prototype was built to allow the span increase actuation mechanism to be actuated manually and avoid the...Adaptive Aeroelastic Aircraft Structures”, PhD Thesis, Instituto Superior Tecnico , Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa, Lisbon, 2005. [11] Vale, J., Lau, F

  16. Annual Report on Electronics Research at the University of Texas at Austin.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-15

    Frommhold, J.W. Keto and Michael H. Proffitt, "Diatom Polarizabil- ities from New Measurements of Collision-Induced Raman Spectra of the Noble Gases ...REPORTS Instituto de Fisica Universidade Federal Fluminense Rio de Janeiro, Brazil September 19, 1983 E.J. Powers, "Applications of Digital Time...Series Analysis to Plasma Fluctuation Diagnostics." Instituto de Fisica University of Sao Paulo Sao Paulo, Brazil September 20, 1983 E.J. Powers

  17. The Effectiveness of Counter-Terrorist Policies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-06-01

    Company, 1981. Instituto de Economia . Estudios y Coyuntura. Montevideo, 1973. Instituto de Estudios Politicos. Uruguay. Montvideo:1965. Katz, Robert. Days...areas. Therc are three main regions , an eastern [ heavily-Protestant zone, a western zone in which the two groups are evenly-balanced and a broken strip...Pyrenees with about 200,000 Basques living in France, and the remainder in Spain. The Basque region of Spain is composed of four provinces inhabited by

  18. Meeting on Solute/Solvent Interactions Held in Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland on May 29-30, 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    J. Taylor, Tetrahedxon Letters, 29, 1587 (1988). 6. G. M. Brown & 0. A. W. Strydom, Acta Crystallogr, Sewt. B 30,801 (1974). 7. P. Marsh & D. E...APPENDIX 3 ORGANIZATIONS OF AUTHORS IN THESE PROCEEDINGS Central Michigan University 49 Instituto de Quimica Fisica 33 La Sierra University, Riverside 71...Aberdeen Proving Gd, MD Joxe-Luis Abbud Christopher Cramer Instituto de Quimica Fisica SMCCR-RSP-C "Rocasolano" U.S. Army Chemical RD&E Center Conajo

  19. International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics (7th) Held in Lisbon, Portugal on July 11-14, 1994. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-07-14

    significant results to fluid mechanics. The applications of laser techniques to scientific and engineering fluid flow research is emphasized, but...University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign Urbana, Illinois 61801 USA * D.F. G. Durio Department of Mechanical Engineering Instituto Superior T,6nico...Erlangen GERMANY "* M. V. Heitor Department of Mechanical Engineering Instituto Superior Tdcnico Av. Rovisco Pais 1096 Lisboa Codex PORTUGAL "* M

  20. Review of Physical and Chemical Methods for Characterization of Fuels

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-12-01

    Chromatography-New Evaluation Methods of Mathematical Dead Time," Instituto de Quimica Fisica "Rocasolano", Madrid, Spain, Journal of Chromatographic Science...34Separation and Iden- tification of Aldehydes and Ketones From an Irati Oil Shale Bitumen. Use of the Solid Phase Extractor Technique," Instituto de Quimica ...discrepancies possibly caused bydifferences in 2 dynamometer type and ambient conditions. 41. Author Unknown, U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Test Operations

  1. Three-Dimensional Finite Element Model of a High Power, Low Frequency Ring-Shell Flextensional Sonar Transducer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-01

    Lieutenant Commander, Brazilian Navy B. S., Brazilian Naval Academy, Rio de Janeiro, 1978 B. S., University of Sao Paulo , Sao Paulo , 1984 Submitted in...Scotia, Canada B2Y 3Z7 16. Instituto de Pesquisas da Marinha , Brazilian Navy 4706 Wisconsin Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20016 17. LCDR Rogerio Nacimento...Costa Pinto, Brazilian Navy 2 Instituto de Pesquisas da Marinha 4706 Wisconsin Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20016 81

  2. Automatic Metaphase Finding by Inter-Chromosome Extrema Profile Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-10-25

    Task Number Work Unit Number Performing Organization Name(s) and Address(es) Instituto de Biotecnologia de la UNAM P.O. Box 510-3 62250, Cuernavaca...Instituto de Biotecnología de la UNAM , P.O. Box 510-3, 62250, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México 2 Centro de Instrumentos de la UNAM , P.O. Box 70-186, 04510

  3. JPRS Report, Reference Aid: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Spain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-01

    National Telephone Company of Spain CUP Comites de Unidad Popular Committees of Popular Unity 17 D DAGSA Defensa Antigäs, S. A. DC Democracia...Electrönica y Sistemas , S. A. INM Instituciön Nacional de Meteorologia INP Instituto Nacional de Prevision INSEE Instituto Espanol de...2. Moviment Universitari 1. University Militia 2. University Movement 44 MUC Mesa para la Unidad de los Communist Unity Table Comunistas

  4. [Promising networks, fruitful inquiry].

    PubMed

    Frenk, Silvestre

    2014-01-01

    This supplement of the Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social includes 10 original contributions, and also six current themes, all of them related to childhood obesity. It is the result of an institutional program that it has been identified as Redes de Investigación Institucional, and it has been promoted and developed by the Coordinación de Investigación of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social.

  5. Field-Aligned Structure of the Storm Time Pc 5 Wave of November 14-15, 1979,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-02-01

    Corporation El Segundo, CA 90245 and E. AMATA Instituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario Rome, Italy I February 1988 Prepared for SPACE DIVISION AIR...UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) (Continued) The Aerospace Corporation; and Amata, E., Instituto di Fisica dello...between a drift-mirror wave and a shear Alfven wave, as discussed by Walker and coworkers. ’ .,1 :.x UNCLASSIFIED I 18CURIITY CLAS SIFICATION OF TIS

  6. SU-E-T-234: Daily Quality Assurance for a Six Degrees of Freedom Couch Using a Novel Phantom

    SciTech Connect

    Woods, K; Woollard, J; Ayan, A; Sandu, A; Sommerfeld, J; Gupta, N; Laurel, A

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To test the accuracy and reproducibility of both translational and rotational movements for a couch with six degrees of freedom (6DoF) using a novel phantom design Methods: An end-to-end test was carried out using two different phantoms. A 6 cm3 cube with a central fiducial BB (WL-QA Sun Nuclear) and a custom fabricated rectangular prism (31 cm x 8 cm x 8 cm), placed on a baseplate with known angular offsets for pitch, roll and yaw with a central fiducial BB and unique surface structures for registration purposes, were used. The end-to-end test included an initial CT simulation for a reference study, setup to an offset mark on each phantom, registration of the reference CT to the acquired cone-beam CT, and final Winston-Lutz delivery at four cardinal gantry angles. Results for both translational and rotational movements were recorded and compared for both phantoms. Results: Translational and rotational measurements were performed with a PerfectPitch (Varian) couch for 10 trials for both phantoms. Distinct translational shifts were [−5.372±0.384mm, −10.183±0.137mm, 14.028±0.155mm] for the cube and [7.520±0.159mm, −9.117±0.101mm, 16.273±0.115mm] for the prototype phantom for lateral, longitudinal, and vertical shifts, respectively. Distinct rotational adjustments were [1.121±0.102o, −1.067±0.235o, −2.662±0.380o] for the cube and [2.534±0.059o, 1.994±0.025o, 2.094±0.076o] for the prototype for pitch, roll, and yaw, respectively. Winston-Lutz test results performed after 6DoF couch correction from each cardinal gantry angle ranged from 0.26–0.72mm for the cube and 0.55–0.86mm for the prototype. Conclusion: The prototype phantom is more precise for both translational and rotational adjustments compared to a commercial phantom. The design of the prototype phantom allows for a more discernible visual confirmation of correct translational and rotational adjustments with the prototype phantom. Winston-Lutz results are more accurate for the

  7. SU-E-J-48: Imaging Origin-Radiation Isocenter Coincidence for Linac-Based SRS with Novalis Tx

    SciTech Connect

    Geraghty, C; Workie, D; Hasson, B

    2015-06-15

    Purpose To implement and evaluate an image-based Winston-Lutz (WL) test to measure the displacement between ExacTrac imaging origin and radiation isocenter on a Novalis Tx system using RIT V6.2 software analysis tools. Displacement between imaging and radiation isocenters was tracked over time. The method was applied for cone-based and MLC-based WL tests. Methods The Brainlab Winston-Lutz phantom was aligned to room lasers. The ExacTrac imaging system was then used to detect the Winston- Lutz phantom and obtain the displacement between the center of the phantom and the imaging origin. EPID images of the phantom were obtained at various gantry and couch angles and analyzed with RIT calculating the phantom center to radiation isocenter displacement. The RIT and Exactrac displacements were combined to calculate the displacement between imaging origin and radiation isocenter. Results were tracked over time. Results Mean displacements between ExacTrac origin and radiation isocenter were: VRT: −0.1mm ± 0.3mm, LNG: 0.5mm ± 0.2mm, LAT: 0.2mm ± 0.2mm (vector magnitude of 0.7 ± 0.2mm). Radiation isocenter was characterized by the mean of the standard deviations of the WL phantom displacements: σVRT: 0.2mm, σLNG: 0.4mm, σLAT: 0.6mm. The linac couch base was serviced to reduce couch walkout. This reduced σLAT to 0.2mm. These measurements established a new baseline of radiation isocenter-imaging origin coincidence. Conclusion The image-based WL test has ensured submillimeter localization accuracy using the ExacTrac imaging system. Standard deviations of ExacTrac-radiation isocenter displacements indicate that average agreement within 0.3mm is possible in each axis. This WL test is a departure from the tradiational WL in that imaging origin/radiation isocenter agreement is the end goal not lasers/radiation isocenter.

  8. SU-E-J-213: Imaging and Treatment Isocenter Verification of a Gantry Mounted Proton Therapy System

    SciTech Connect

    Price, S; Goddu, S; Rankine, L; Klein, E

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The Mevion proton therapy machine is the first to feature a gantry mounted sychro-cyclotron. In addition, the system utilizes a 6D motion couch and kV imaging for precise proton therapy. To quantify coincidence between these systems, isocentricity tests were performed based on kV imaging alignment using radiochromic film. Methods: The 100 ton gantry and 6D robotic couch can rotate 190° around isocenter to provide necessary beam angles for treatment. The kV sources and detector panels are deployed as needed to acquire orthogonal portals. Gantry and couch mechanical isocenter were tested using star-shots and radiochromic-film (RCF). Using kV imaging, the star-shot phantom was aligned to an embedded fiducial and the isocenter was marked on RCF with a pinprick. The couch and gantry stars were performed by irradiating films at every 45° and 30°, respectively. A proton beam with a range and modulation-width of 18 cm was used. A Winston-Lutz test was also performed at the same gantry and couch rotations using a custom jig holding RCF and a tungsten ball placed at isocenter. A 2 cm diameter circular aperture was used for the irradiation. Results: The couch star-shot indicated a minimum tangent circle of 0.6 mm, with a 0.9 mm offset from the manually marked isocenter. The gantry star-shot showed a 0.6 mm minimum tangent circle with a 0.5 mm offset from the pinprick. The Winston Lutz test performed for gantry rotation showed a maximum deviation from center of 0.5 mm. Conclusion: Based on star-shots and Winston-Lutz tests, the proton gantry and 6D couch isocentricity are within 1 mm. In this study, we have shown that the methods commonly utilized for Linac characterization can be applied to proton therapy. This revolutionary proton therapy system possesses excellent agreement between the mechanical and radiation isocenter, providing highly precise treatment.

  9. SU-E-T-150: End to End Tests On the First Clinical EDGETM

    SciTech Connect

    Scheib, S; Schmelzer, P; Vieira, S; Greco, C

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To quantify the sub millimeter overall accuracy of EDGETM, the dedicated linac based SRS/SABR treatment platform from Varian, using a novel End-to-End (E2E) test phantom. Methods: The new E2E test phantom developed by Varian consists of a cube with an outer dimension of 15x15x15 cm3. The phantom is equipped with an exchangable inner cube (7×7×7 cm3) to hold radiochromic films or a tungsten ball (diameter = 5 mm) for Winston-Lutz tests. 16 ceramic balls (diameter = 5 mm) are embedded in the outer cube. Three embedded Calypso transponders allow for Calypso based monitoring. The outer surface of the phantom is tracked using the Optical Surface Monitoring System (OSMS). The phantom is positioned using kV, MV and CBCT images. A simCT of the phantom was acquired and SRS/SABR plans were treated using the new phantom on the first clinical installed EDGETM. As a first step a series of EPID based Winston-Lutz tests have been performed. As a second step the calculated dose distribution applied to the phantom was verified with radiochromic films in orthogonal planes. The measured dose distribution is compared with the calculated (Eclipse) one based on the known isocenter on both dose distributions. The geometrical shift needed to match both dose distributions is the overall accuracy and is determined using dose profiles, isodose lines or gamma pass rates (3%, 1 mm). Results: Winston-Lutz tests using the central tungsten BB demonstrated a targeting accuracy of 0.44±0.18mm for jaw (2cm × 2cm) defined 0.39±0.19mm for MLC (2cm × 2cm) defined and 0.37±0.15mm for cone (12.5 mm) defined fields. A treated patient plan (spinal metastases lesion with integrated boost) showed a dosimetric dose localization accuracy of 0.6mm. Conclusion: Geometric and dosimetric E2E tests on EDGETM, show sub-millimeter E2E targeting and dose localisation accuracy.

  10. Polymer Models of Interphase Chromosomes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, Joshua; Kondev, Jané; Bressen, Debra; Haber, James

    2006-03-01

    Experiments during interphase, the growth phase of the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells, have shown that parts of chromosomes are tethered to the nuclear periphery[1]. Using a simple polymer model of interphase chromosomes that includes tethering, we compute the probability distribution for the distance between two marked points on the chromosome. These calculations are inspired by recent experiments with two or more fluorescent markers placed along the chromosome[2]. We demonstrate how experiments of this kind, in conjunction with simpe polymer models, can be used to systematically dissect the spatial organization of interphase chromosomes in the nucleus of living cells. This comparison of theory with experiments has lead to the conclusion that the structure of chromosome III in yeast is consistent with a 10nm-fiber model of chromatin. [1]Wallace F. Marshall. Current Biology, 12, 2002. [2] Kerstin Bystricky, Patrick Heun, Lutz Gehlen, Jörg Langowski and Susan M. Gasser. PNAS, 101(47) 2004

  11. The Role of Low-Angle Extensional Tectonics, Flat Fracture Domains, and Gravity Slides in Hydrothermal and EGS Resources of the Western United States

    SciTech Connect

    Joseph Moore

    2011-08-24

    The Steamboat Springs geothermal system provides the most dramatic example of subhorizontal thermal-fluid aquifers in crystalline rock in the Basin and Range, but this is by no means an isolated case. Similar but more diffuse subhorizontal permeability has been reported at Roosevelt Hot Springs and Cove-Fort Sulphurdale, Utah; and a km-scale gravity-slide block channels injectate at Dixie Valley, Nevada. During the course of this phase of the project 2543 reports including text, figures and large format enclosures, 1428 maps, and 698 well logs were scanned. The information is stored in a Microsoft Access Database on the Geothermal Server. Detailed geologic cross sections of the Desert Peak geothermal field were developed to identify the structural controls on the geothermal system and locate possible fluid flow paths. The results of this work were published by Lutz and others (2009, Appendix 1) in the Stanford Reservoir Engineering Conference Proceedings.

  12. First Record of Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) on the Trinational Frontier (Brazil-Peru-Bolivia) of South-Western Amazonia.

    PubMed

    Borges, Diones Antonio; Molina, Silvia Maria Guerra; Pinto, Mara Cristina; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; Cesario, Manuel; Ortiz, Dennys Ghenry Samillan

    2017-09-01

    In South America, the main sand fly species involved in the transmission of Leishmania infantum chagasi (Cunha & Chagas, 1937), etiological agent of the visceral leishmaniasis (VL), is Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912). The species has been recorded in Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Brazil, where it is recorded in 24 of the 27 Brazilian states, except Acre, Amazonas, and Santa Catarina. Collections were carried out for one year (April 2013 to March 2014) using modified CDC light traps in different environments in Assis Brasil municipality, state of Acre. Two males of Lu. longipalpis were found in peridomiciliary location in a peri-urban area. This is the first record of the species in Acre. This finding may be considered by the health agencies located in the trinational frontier, and new collections are needed to evaluate the real distribution of the species.

  13. Photoelectron Angular Distribution Asymmetry Parameters for Photodetachment of Li^- and Al^-.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Chien-Nan; Starace, Anthony F.

    1997-04-01

    Calculation of photoelectron angular distribution asymmetry parameters for photodetachment precesses is a more stringent test for theory than calculation of partial or total cross sections. Since asymmetry parameters involve ratios of transition matrix elements of different channels, they are particularly sensitive to the resonance behavior of transition matrix elements. We present the asymmetry parameters for photodetachment of Li^- (2s^2 ^1S) and Al^- (3s^23p^2 ^3P) using the eigenchannel R-matrix method(U.Fano and C.M. Lee, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31), 1573 (1973)^,(C.H. Greene, in Fundamental Processes of Atomic Dynamics,) edited by J.S. Briggs, H. Kleinpoppen, and H.O. Lutz (Plenum, New York, 1988), pp.105-127.. Our results are in good agreement with the available Al^- photodetachment measurements(A.M. Covington et al.), U of Nevada-Reno, private communication..

  14. Analysis of the activity patterns of two sympatric sandfly siblings of the Lutzomyia longipalpis species complex from Brazil.

    PubMed

    Rivas, G B S; Souza, N A; Peixoto, A A

    2008-09-01

    Lutzomyia longipalpis s.l. (Lutz & Neiva) (Diptera: Psychodidae) is the main vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Latin America. Differences in copulation songs, pheromones and molecular markers show that L. longipalpis is a species complex in Brazil. The patterns of activity of insect vectors are important in disease transmission. In addition, differences in activity rhythms have a potential role as a temporal reproductive isolation mechanism in closely related species. We compared the activity patterns of males and females of two sympatric species of the Longipalpis complex from Sobral (Ceará State, Brazil) in controlled laboratory conditions. We observed small but significant differences between the two species in the activity phase in both males and females.

  15. Turtles and rats: a biochemical comparison of anoxia-tolerant and anoxia-sensitive brains.

    PubMed

    Suarez, R K; Doll, C J; Buie, A E; West, T G; Funk, G D; Hochachka, P W

    1989-11-01

    When temperature differences are taken into account, turtle brains use glucose at one-sixth the rate reported in rat brains. Na+-K+-ATPase activities are 2- to 2.5-fold higher in rat than in turtle brains. Maximal activities of hexokinase and lactate dehydrogenase are similar, whereas citrate synthase activities are two- to threefold higher in rat than turtle brains at the respective biological temperatures. Voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel densities, when compared between the two species, showed no consistent pattern. These data, along with the threefold differences in density of voltage-dependent Na+ channels reported by Lutz et al., are consistent with the idea that lower rates of channel and pump-mediated Na+ and K+ fluxes result in lower rates of aerobic energy metabolism in turtle brains compared with rat brains.

  16. Culicoides (Diptera:Ceratopogonidae) collected during epizootics of hemorrhagic disease among captive white-tailed deer.

    PubMed

    Smith, K E; Stallknecht, D E

    1996-05-01

    To help determine specific vectors of epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) and bluetongue (BT) viruses for white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann, in the southeastern United States, Culicoides sp. midges were collected during epizootics of hemorrhagic disease among captive white-tailed deer in Georgia, Mississippi, and North Carolina. Culicoides variipennis (Coquillett), a confirmed vector of EHD and BT viruses, was present in low numbers in light-trap collections made at all sites. Collections from deer made in Georgia and North Carolina yielded only a single specimen of C. variipennis. Other Culicoides species present in far greater numbers during the epizootics included C. lahillei Lutz, C. paraensis (Goeldi), and C. stellifer (Coquillett) C. lahillei warrants particular attention as a potential vector because its readily feeds on white-tailed deer and was by far the predominant species collected from deer during the epizootics.

  17. Lutzomyia longipalpis urbanisation and control.

    PubMed

    Salomón, Oscar Daniel; Feliciangeli, María Dora; Quintana, María Gabriela; Afonso, Margarete Martins dos Santos; Rangel, Elizabeth Ferreira

    2015-11-01

    Since the description of Lutzomyia longipalpis by Lutz and Neiva more than 100 years ago, much has been written in the scientific literature about this phlebotomine species. Soares and Turco (2003) and Lainson and Rangel (2005) have written extensive reviews focused on vector-host-parasite interactions and American visceral leishmaniasis ecology. However, during the last two decades, the success of Lu. longipalpis in colonising urban environments and its simultaneous geographical spreading have led to new theoretical and operational questions. Therefore, this review updates the general information about this species and notes the more challenging topics regarding the new scenario of urbanisation-spreading and its control in America. Here, we summarise the literature on these issues and the remaining unsolved questions, which pose recommendations for operational research.

  18. Intestinal parasites and commensals among individuals from a landless camping in the rural area of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Maria Cec lia; Silva, Claudio Vieira da; Costa-Cruz, Julia Maria

    2003-01-01

    We evaluated the occurrence of intestinal parasites and commensals among children and adults from a landless camping in the rural area of Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, from October to November 2001. Stool samples from 78 individuals were examined by both the Baermann-Moraes and Lutz methods. Fifty-one (65.4%; CI 54.8 - 76.0) individuals were found to be infected, 23 (45.1%) children and 28 (54.9%) adults, of whom 34 (66.7%) were mono-infected, 9 (17.6%) bi-infected, and 8 (15.7%) poly-infected. In conclusion, the high prevalence of intestinal parasites and commensals suggests that parasitological exams should be periodically carried out in addition to the sanitation education and health special care in this population.

  19. New method to test the gantry, collimator, and table rotation angles of a linear accelerator used in radiation therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beaumont, Stéphane; Torfeh, Tarraf; Latreille, Romain; Ben Hdech, Yassine; Guedon, Jeanpierre

    2011-03-01

    The precision of a medical LINear ACcelerator (LINAC) gantry rotation angle is crucial for the radiation therapy process, especially in stereotactic radio surgery, given the expected precision of the treatment and in Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) where the mechanical stability is disturbed due to the additional weight of the kV x-ray tube and detector. We present in this paper an extension of the Winston and Lutz test initially dedicated to control the size and the position of the isocenter of the LINAC and here adapted to test the gantry rotation angle with no additional portal images. This new method uses a test-object patented by QualiFormeD5 and is integrated in the QUALIMAGIQ software platform developed to automatically analyze images acquired for quality control of medical devices.

  20. Opportunities and challenges for digital morphology

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Advances in digital data acquisition, analysis, and storage have revolutionized the work in many biological disciplines such as genomics, molecular phylogenetics, and structural biology, but have not yet found satisfactory acceptance in morphology. Improvements in non-invasive imaging and three-dimensional visualization techniques, however, permit high-throughput analyses also of whole biological specimens, including museum material. These developments pave the way towards a digital era in morphology. Using sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea), we provide examples illustrating the power of these techniques. However, remote visualization, the creation of a specialized database, and the implementation of standardized, world-wide accepted data deposition practices prior to publication are essential to cope with the foreseeable exponential increase in digital morphological data. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Marc D. Sutton (nominated by Stephan Beck), Gonzalo Giribet (nominated by Lutz Walter), and Lennart Olsson (nominated by Purificación López-García). PMID:20604956

  1. Relationship between digestive enzymes and food habit of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) larvae: Characterization of carbohydrases and digestion of microorganisms.

    PubMed

    Moraes, C S; Lucena, S A; Moreira, B H S; Brazil, R P; Gontijo, N F; Genta, F A

    2012-08-01

    The sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz and Neiva, 1912) is the main vector of American Visceral Leishmaniasis. In spite of its medical importance and several studies concerning adult digestive physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology, very few studies have been carried out to elucidate the digestion in sandfly larvae. Even the breeding sites and food sources of these animals in the field are largely uncharacterized. In this paper, we describe and characterize several carbohydrases from the gut of L. longipalpis larvae, and show that they are probably not acquired from food. The enzyme profile of this insect is consistent with the digestion of fungal and bacterial cells, which were proved to be ingested by larvae under laboratory conditions. In this respect, sandfly larvae might have a detritivore habit in nature, being able to exploit microorganisms usually encountered in the detritus as a food source.

  2. Laboratory band strengths of methane and their application to the atmospheres of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Titan. II - The red region 6000-7600 A

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lutz, B. L.; Owen, T.; Cess, R. D.

    1982-01-01

    Lutz et al. (1976) have reported the first quantitative analyses of the strengths of the blue-green bands of methane which dominate the visible spectra of the outer planets. The present investigation represents an extension of the first study to include a number of bands between 6000 and 7500 A. The objective of this extension is to establish the validity of the scaled numerical curve of growth of the first study further into the saturated region and to test the apparent pressure independence of the high-overtone bands over a large pressure range. In addition, it is desired to provide a set of homogeneously determined band strengths and curves of growth over a large spectral region and over a large range of band strengths. This will make it possible to investigate feasible apparent dependences of planetary methane abundances on wavelength and band strength as a probe of the scattering processes in the planetary atmospheres.

  3. A new species of Petasiger (Digenea: Echinostomiformes: Echinostomatidae) in the brown pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis, (Aves: Pelecaniformes: Pelecanidae), from the Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica.

    PubMed

    Zamparo, David; Overstreet, Robin M; Brooks, Daniel R

    2005-12-01

    A new species of Petasiger inhabits Pelecanus occidentalis, from the Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica. The new species most closely resembles Petasiger novemdecim Lutz 1929 and Petasiger caribbensis Nassi, 1980 by having 19 circumoral spines and vitelline follicles confluent between the ventral sucker and gonads. The new species differs from both of these species by having a cirrus sac that is anteroposteriorly elongate and that reaches posteriorly to the midventral sucker, an ovary and Mehlis' gland that overlap the anterior testis dorsally, a uterus that lies dorsal to the ventral sucker, and a dextromedial genital pore. In P. novemdecim and P. caribbensis the cirrus sac is round and does not extend posteriorly to the anterior margin of the ventral sucker, both the ovary and Mehlis' gland are anterior to the anterior testis, the uterus runs lateral to and not dorsal to the ventral sucker, and the genital pore opens medially and sinistromedially, respectively.

  4. The Spatio-Temporal Distribution Patterns of Biting Midges of the Genus Culicoides in Salta Province, Argentina

    PubMed Central

    Aybar, Cecilia A. Veggiani; Juri, María J. Dantur; Santana, Mirta; de Grosso, Mercedes S. Lizarralde; Spinelli, Gustavo R.

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this survey was to analyze the spatio-temporal distribution patterns of Culicoides Latreille species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) and their relationship with environmental variables in Salta, northwestern Argentina. Culicoides were collected monthly from January 2003 through December 2005. The influence of the climatic variables on population abundance was analyzed with a multilevel Poisson regression. A total of 918 specimens belonging to five species were collected. The most abundant species was Culicoides paraensis Goeldi (65.5%), followed by Culicoides lahillei Iches (14.6%) and Culicoides debilipalpis Lutz (7.6%). The highest seasonal abundance for C. paraensis, C. debilipalpis and C. lahillei occurred during the spring and summer. A Poisson regression analysis showed that the mean maximum and minimum temperature and the mean maximum and minimum humidity were the variables with the greatest influence on the population abundance of Culicoides species. PMID:23461794

  5. Kennedy Space Center Director Update

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-03-06

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Community leaders, business executives, educators, and state and local government leaders were updated on NASA Kennedy Space Center programs and accomplishments during Center Director Bob Cabana’s Center Director Update at the Debus Center at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Florida. An attendee talks with engineers Jason Hopkins and Lisa Lutz, at the Ground Systems Development and Operations display. Attendees talked with Cabana and other senior Kennedy managers and visited displays featuring updates on Kennedy programs and projects, including International Space Station, Commercial Crew, Ground System Development and Operations, Launch Services, Center Planning and Development, Technology, KSC Swamp Works and NASA Education. The morning concluded with a tour of the new Space Shuttle Atlantis exhibit at the visitor complex. For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/kennedy. Photo credit: NASA/Daniel Casper

  6. Lutzomyia longipalpis urbanisation and control

    PubMed Central

    Salomón, Oscar Daniel; Feliciangeli, María Dora; Quintana, María Gabriela; Afonso, Margarete Martins dos Santos; Rangel, Elizabeth Ferreira

    2015-01-01

    Since the description of Lutzomyia longipalpis by Lutz and Neiva more than 100 years ago, much has been written in the scientific literature about this phlebotomine species. Soares and Turco (2003) and Lainson and Rangel (2005) have written extensive reviews focused on vector-host-parasite interactions and American visceral leishmaniasis ecology. However, during the last two decades, the success of Lu. longipalpis in colonising urban environments and its simultaneous geographical spreading have led to new theoretical and operational questions. Therefore, this review updates the general information about this species and notes the more challenging topics regarding the new scenario of urbanisation-spreading and its control in America. Here, we summarise the literature on these issues and the remaining unsolved questions, which pose recommendations for operational research. PMID:26517497

  7. The spatio-temporal distribution patterns of biting midges of the genus Culicoides in Salta province, Argentina.

    PubMed

    Aybar, Cecilia A Veggiani; Juri, María J Dantur; Santana, Mirta; de Grosso, Mercedes S Lizarralde; Spinelli, Gustavo R

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this survey was to analyze the spatio-temporal distribution patterns of Culicoides Latreille species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) and their relationship with environmental variables in Salta, northwestern Argentina. Culicoides were collected monthly from January 2003 through December 2005. The influence of the climatic variables on population abundance was analyzed with a multilevel Poisson regression. A total of 918 specimens belonging to five species were collected. The most abundant species was Culicoides paraensis Goeldi (65.5%), followed by Culicoides lahillei Iches (14.6%) and Culicoides debilipalpis Lutz (7.6%). The highest seasonal abundance for C. paraensis, C. debilipalpis and C. lahillei occurred during the spring and summer. A Poisson regression analysis showed that the mean maximum and minimum temperature and the mean maximum and minimum humidity were the variables with the greatest influence on the population abundance of Culicoides species.

  8. Piscine Insights into Comparisons of Anoxia Tolerance, Ammonia Toxicity, Stroke and Hepatic Encephalopathy*

    PubMed Central

    Walsh, Patrick J.; Veauvy, Clemence M.; McDonald, M. Danielle; Pamenter, Matthew E.; Buck, Leslie T.; Wilkie, Michael P.

    2007-01-01

    Although the number of fish species that have been studied for both hypoxia/anoxia tolerance and ammonia tolerance are few, there appears to be a correlation between the ability to survive these two insults. After establishing this correlation with examples from the literature, and after examining the role Peter Lutz played in catalyzing this convergent interest in two variables, this article explores potential mechanisms underpinning this correlation. We draw especially on the larger body of information for two human diseases with the same effected organ (brain), namely stroke and hepatic encephalopathy. While several dissimilarities exist between the responses of vertebrates to anoxia and hyperammonemia, one consistent observation in both conditions is an overactivation of NMDA receptors or glutamate neurotoxicity. We propose a glutamate excitotoxicity hypothesis to explain the correlation between ammonia and hypoxia resistance in fish. Furthermore, we suggest several experimental paths to test this hypothesis. PMID:17046301

  9. [Prominence in the media, renown in the sciences: the construction of a paradigmatic feminist and a scientist at Rio de Janeiro's Museu Nacional].

    PubMed

    Lopes, Maria Margaret

    2008-06-01

    Bertha Lutz was one of the women of her generation who enjoyed indisputable political and scientific authority. She wrote much and even more was written about her, especially during her day. The newspaper chronicles by Lima Barreto, countless letters, scientific papers, and unpublished texts by Bertha herself that are surveyed in this article indicate how much her feminism--inseparable from other dimensions of her life--fostered her professional career. Her feminism earned her a carefully constructed renown and visibility that interlocked with her professional performance. Science lent her social prestige and guaranteed legitimacy for her causes. During a period when the scientific community itself was engaged in publicizing its own activities, Bertha's feminist prominence in the media helped her make a name in the sciences.

  10. Nocturnal activity rhythms of Lutzomyia intermedia and Lutzomyia whitmani (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a transmission area of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Souza, Nataly A; Andrade-Coelho, Cláudia A; Peixoto, Alexandre A; Rangel, Elizabeth F

    2005-11-01

    The phlebotomine sand flies Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) intermedia (Lutz & Neiva) and Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) whitmani (Coutinho & Antunes) are important vectors of Leishmania (Vianna) braziliensis, the etiological agent of American cutaneous leishmaniasis. In some areas, both species occur in sympatry, and their relative roles as vectors in these areas are not clear. We studied the nocturnal activity and biting rhythms of both species in Posse, a locality in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Our results show differences between the activity patterns of Lu. intermedia and Lu. whitmani that might be epidemiologically important. Although the activity profiles vary between seasons and microhabitats (peridomestic versus forest), the two species show marked differences in their tendencies to bite humans in the early morning (0400-0600 hours), with Lu. whitmani showing higher feeding rates than Lu. intermedia.

  11. Personality and symptom change in treatment-refractory inpatients: evaluation of the phase model of change using Rorschach,TAT, and DSM-IV Axis V.

    PubMed

    Fowler, J Christopher; Ackerman, Steven J; Speanburg, Stefanie; Bailey, Adrian; Blagys, Matthew; Conklin, Adam C

    2004-12-01

    In this study, we examined global treatment outcomes during 16 months of intensive, psychodynamic treatment for 77 inpatients suffering from treatment-refractory disorders. Hypotheses based on the phase model of treatment change (Howard, Lueger, Maling, & Martinovich, 1993; Howard, Moras, Brill, Martinovich, & Lutz, 1996) were supported in the study results. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) Axis V scales assessing behavioral functioning demonstrated large and medium effect size change, whereas stable, enduring personality functioning assessed by psychoanalytic Rorschach scales and the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale (Westen, 1995) for the Thematic Apperception Test (Murray, 1943) demonstrated small and medium effect size change. We also report assessment of reliable change index and clinical significance. The ecological validity of Rorschach measures is supported by significant validity coefficients (in the hypothesized directions) between implicit measures of personality functioning and behavioral ratings.

  12. Scorpion toxins from Centruroides noxius and Tityus serrulatus. Primary structures and sequence comparison by metric analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Possani, L D; Martin, B M; Svendsen, I; Rode, G S; Erickson, B W

    1985-01-01

    The complete primary structures of toxin II-14 from the Mexican scorpion Centruroides noxius Hoffmann and toxin gamma from the Brazilian scorpion Tityus serrulatus Lutz and Mello have been determined. Cleavage of toxin gamma after Met-6 with CNBr produced the 55-residue peptide 7-61, which maintained the four disulphide bonds but was not toxic to mice at a dose 3 times the lethal dose of native toxin gamma. Pairwise comparison by metric analysis of segment 1-50 of toxin gamma and the corresponding segments from two other South American scorpion toxins, five North American scorpion toxins, nine North African scorpion toxins and one Central Asian scorpion toxin showed that the three Brazilian toxins are intermediate between the North American and North African toxins. This result is consistent with the hypothesis that the South American and African continents were joined by a land connection in the distant past. Images Fig. 1. PMID:4052021

  13. External morphology and oral cavity of the tadpole of Trachycephalus atlas Bokermann, 1966 (Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae).

    PubMed

    Barreto, Gilvana Santos; Ramos, Juliana Conceição; Mercês, Ednei De Almeida; Napoli, Marcelo Felgueiras; Garda, Adrian Antonio; Juncá, Flora Acuña

    2015-07-01

    The Neotropical genus Trachycephalus Tschudi currently comprises 14 species distributed in lowlands of Mexico, Central and South America east of the Andes, south until northern Argentina (Frost 2014) and throughout Brazil (IUCN 2014). Seven species of the genus have tadpoles formerly described: T. coriaceus (Peters) (Schiesari & Moreira 1996; Lescure et al. 1996), T. cunauaru Gordo, Toledo, Suárez, Kawashita-Ribeiro, Ávila, Morais & Nunes (Grillitsch 1992 as Phrynohyas resinifictrix according to Gordo et al. 2013), T. jordani (Stejneger & Test) (McDiarmid & Altig 1989-1990), T. mesophaeus (Hensel) (Lutz 1973; Carvalho-e-Silva et al. 2002; Prado et al. 2003), T. nigromaculatus Tschudi (Wogel et al. 2000), T. resinifictrix (Goeldi) (Hero 1990; Schiesari et al. 1996), and T. typhonius (Linnaeus) (Pyburn 1967; Duellman 1970; Schiesari et al. 1996). The oral cavity is described only for T. cunauaru (Grillitsch 1992), T. resinifictrix (Schiesari et al. 1996), and T. typhonius (Schiesari et al. 1996; Fabrezi & Vera 1997).

  14. Focused attention, open monitoring and automatic self-transcending: Categories to organize meditations from Vedic, Buddhist and Chinese traditions.

    PubMed

    Travis, Fred; Shear, Jonathan

    2010-12-01

    This paper proposes a third meditation-category--automatic self-transcending--to extend the dichotomy of focused attention and open monitoring proposed by Lutz. Automatic self-transcending includes techniques designed to transcend their own activity. This contrasts with focused attention, which keeps attention focused on an object; and open monitoring, which keeps attention involved in the monitoring process. Each category was assigned EEG bands, based on reported brain patterns during mental tasks, and meditations were categorized based on their reported EEG. Focused attention, characterized by beta/gamma activity, included meditations from Tibetan Buddhist, Buddhist, and Chinese traditions. Open monitoring, characterized by theta activity, included meditations from Buddhist, Chinese, and Vedic traditions. Automatic self-transcending, characterized by alpha1 activity, included meditations from Vedic and Chinese traditions. Between categories, the included meditations differed in focus, subject/object relation, and procedures. These findings shed light on the common mistake of averaging meditations together to determine mechanisms or clinical effects.

  15. Evaluation of the truebeam machine performance check (MPC) geometric checks for daily IGRT geometric accuracy quality assurance.

    PubMed

    Barnes, Michael P; Greer, Peter B

    2017-05-01

    Machine Performance Check (MPC) is an automated and integrated image-based tool for verification of beam and geometric performance of the TrueBeam linac. The aims of the study were to evaluate the performance of the MPC geometric tests relevant to OBI/CBCT IGRT geometric accuracy. This included evaluation of the MPC isocenter and couch tests. Evaluation was performed by comparing MPC to QA tests performed routinely in the department over a 4-month period. The MPC isocenter tests were compared against an in-house developed Winston-Lutz test and the couch compared against routine mechanical QA type procedures. In all cases the results from the routine QA procedure was presented in a form directly comparable to MPC to allow a like-to-like comparison. The sensitivity of MPC was also tested by deliberately miscalibrating the appropriate linac parameter. The MPC isocenter size and MPC kV imager offset were found to agree with Winston-Lutz to within 0.2 mm and 0.22 mm, respectively. The MPC couch tests agreed with routine QA to within 0.12 mm and 0.15°. The MPC isocenter size and kV imager offset parameters were found to be affected by a change in beam focal spot position with the kV imager offset more sensitive. The MPC couch tests were all unaffected by an offset in the couch calibration but the three axes that utilized two point calibrations were sensitive to a miscalibration of the size in the span of the calibration. All MPC tests were unaffected by a deliberate misalignment of the MPC phantom and roll of the order of one degree. © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Association of Physicists in Medicine.

  16. Land use history and population dynamics of free-standing figs in a maturing forest

    PubMed Central

    2017-01-01

    Figs (Ficus sp.) are often considered as keystone resources which strongly influence tropical forest ecosystems. We used long-term tree-census data to track the population dynamics of two abundant free-standing fig species, Ficus insipida and F. yoponensis, on Barro Colorado Island (BCI), a 15.6-km2 island in Lake Gatún, Panama. Vegetation cover on BCI consists of a mosaic of old growth (>400 years) and maturing (about 90–150 year old) secondary rainforest. Locations and conditions of fig trees have been mapped and monitored on BCI for more than 35 years (1973–2011), with a focus on the Lutz Catchment area (25 ha). The original distribution of the fig trees shortly after the construction of the Panama Canal was derived from an aerial photograph from 1927 and was compared with previous land use and forest status. The distribution of both fig species (~850 trees) is restricted to secondary forest. Of the original 119 trees observed in Lutz Catchment in 1973, >70% of F. insipida and >90% of F. yoponensis had died by 2011. Observations in other areas on BCI support the trend of declining free-standing figs. We interpret the decline of these figs on BCI as a natural process within a maturing tropical lowland forest. Senescence of the fig trees appears to have been accelerated by severe droughts such as the strong El Niño event in the year 1982/83. Because figs form such an important food resource for frugivores, this shift in resource availability is likely to have cascading effects on frugivore populations. PMID:28542161

  17. SU-E-T-300: Spatial Variations of Multiple Off-Axial Targets for a Single Isocenter SRS Treatment Plan in ExacTrac 6D Robotic Couch System

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, S; Tseng, T

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the spatial variations of multiple off-axial targets for a single isocenter stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatment plan in ExacTrac 6D robotic couch system (BrainLab AG). Methods: Five metallic ball bearing (BB) markers were placed sparsely in 3D off-axial locations (non-coplanar) inside a skull phantom as the representatives of multiple targets mimicking multiple brain metastases. The locations of the BB markers were carefully chosen to minimize overlapping of each other in a port imaging detector plane. The skull phantom was immobilized by a frameless mask and CT scanned with a BrainLab Head and Neck Localizer using a GE Optima MDCT scanner. The CT images were exported to iPlan software (BrainLab AG) and a multiple target PTV was drawn by combining all the contours of the BBs. The margin of the MLC opening was selected as 3 mm expansion outward. Two coplanar arc beams were placed to generate a single isocenter SRS plan to treat the PTV. The arc beams were delivered using Novalis Tx system with portal imaging acquisition mode per 10% temporal resolution. The locations of the BBs were visualized and analyzed with respect to the MLC aperture in the treatment plan similar to the Winston-Lutz test. Results: All the BBs were clearly identified inside the MLC openings. The positional errors for the BBs were overall less than 1 mm along the rotational path of the two arcs. Conclusion: This study verified that the spatial deviations of multiple off-axial targets for a single isocenter SRS treatment plan is within sub-millimeter range in ExacTrac 6D robotic couch system. Accompanied with the Winston-Lutz test, this test will quality-assure the spatial accuracies of the isocenter as well as the positions of multiple off-axial targets for the SRS treatment using a single isocenter multiple target treatment plan.

  18. SU-E-T-373: A Motorized Stage for Fast and Accurate QA of Machine Isocenter

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, J; Velarde, E; Wong, J

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Precision delivery of radiation dose relies on accurate knowledge of the machine isocenter under a variety of machine motions. This is typically determined by performing a Winston-Lutz test consisting of imaging a known object at multiple gantry/collimator/table angles and ensuring that the maximum offset is within specified tolerance. The first step in the Winston-Lutz test is careful placement of a ball bearing at the machine isocenter as determined by repeated imaging and shifting until accurate placement has been determined. Conventionally this is performed by adjusting a stage manually using vernier scales which carry the limitation that each adjustment must be done inside the treatment room with the risks of inaccurate adjustment of the scale and physical bumping of the table. It is proposed to use a motorized system controlled outside of the room to improve the required time and accuracy of these tests. Methods: The three dimensional vernier scales are replaced by three motors with accuracy of 1 micron and a range of 25.4mm connected via USB to a computer in the control room. Software is designed which automatically detects the motors and assigns them to proper axes and allows for small shifts to be entered and performed. Input values match calculated offsets in magnitude and sign to reduce conversion errors. Speed of setup, number of iterations to setup, and accuracy of final placement are assessed. Results: Automatic BB placement required 2.25 iterations and 13 minutes on average while manual placement required 3.76 iterations and 37.5 minutes. The average final XYZ offsets is 0.02cm, 0.01cm, 0.04cm for automatic setup and 0.04cm, 0.02cm, 0.04cm for manual setup. Conclusion: Automatic placement decreased time and repeat iterations for setup while improving placement accuracy. Automatic placement greatly reduces the time required to perform QA.

  19. It's getting hot in here…and dry: Intercomparison of cumulative rain collectors used in stable isotope studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michelsen, Nils; Roßmann, Yasmin; Bauer, Ingo; Schulz, Stephan; Schüth, Christoph

    2017-04-01

    Many isotope studies require data on the stable isotope signature (δ2H, δ18O) of precipitation. Although isotope analyzers recently became field-deployable, allowing near-real time measurements, it is still common to collect cumulative rain samples on a monthly basis. For this purpose, various rain collectors are available (IAEA 2014), but a comprehensive intercomparison of these samplers and their capacity to reduce evaporation is missing in the published literature. In this study, we tested selected established (IAEA 2014) and new samplers (floating ball-based, float-based). They were partially filled with water of known isotopic composition and placed in a modified laboratory oven featuring dry conditions and a diurnal temperature regime (<7% relative humidity, 22-45°C). To evaluate evaporation effects, we determined mass losses and isotopic shifts over 32 days on a daily and four-day basis, respectively. Although the classic paraffin oil-based collector exhibited the smallest mass losses, the tube-dip-in-water collector with pressure equilibration tube (Gröning et al. 2012) showed the best overall performance. Under the prevailing conditions, this design represents a good compromise. It provides an adequate evaporation reduction, resulting in negligible isotopic shifts, and the obtained samples are not prone to contamination with oil. References: Gröning, M., Lutz, H.O., Roller-Lutz, Z., Kralik, M., Gourcy, L., & Pöltenstein, L. (2012): A simple rain collector preventing water re-evaporation dedicated for δ18O and δ2H analysis of cumulative precipitation samples. Journal of Hydrology, 448-449, 195-200. IAEA (2014): IAEA/GNIP precipitation sampling guide.

  20. Quasiparticle resonant states near defects near the BSCCO surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flatté, Michael E.

    2000-03-01

    Over the past few years several authors have emphasized the wealth of information available from local probes of impurity properties in correlated electron systems, and particularly in superconductors with order parameters which are anisotropic in momentum.[1] A parallel improvement in scanning tunneling microscopy has allowed this vision to become a reality, first in the superconductor niobium[2] (which has an isotropic order parameter) and this year in high-temperature superconductors.[3] The recently observed properties of quasiparticle resonant states near various impurities within the surface of superconducting Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2O_8+δ indicate that in-plane Andreév processes are either absent or phase-incoherent. The spectral and spatial details of the electronic structure near a Zn impurity provide a direct probe of both the local spin polarization and of the influence of collective effects on local conductivity. Further experiments are proposed to clarify whether the local spin polarization is correlated as local spin density wave order. [1] See M. E. Flatté and J. M. Byers, in Solid State Physics Vol. 52, ed. H. Ehrenreich and F. Spaepen, (Academic Press, New York, 1999), and references therein. [2] A. Yazdani, B.A. Jones, C. P. Lutz, M.F. Crommie, and D. M. Eigler, Science, 275, 1767 (1997). [3] E. W. Hudson, S. H. Pan, A. K. Gupta, K.-W. Ng, and J. C. Davis, Science 285, 88 (1999); A. Yazdani, C. M. Howald, C. P. Lutz, A. Kapitulnik, and D. M. Eigler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 176 (1999); S. H. Pan, E. W. Hudson, K. M. Lang, H. Eisaki, S. Uchida, and J. C. Davis, to be published (cond-mat/9909365).

  1. Land use history and population dynamics of free-standing figs in a maturing forest

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Albrecht, Larissa; Stallard, Robert F.; Kalko, Elisabeth K.V.

    2017-01-01

    Figs (Ficus sp.) are often considered as keystone resources which strongly influence tropical forest ecosystems. We used long-term tree-census data to track the population dynamics of two abundant free-standing fig species, Ficus insipida and F. yoponensis, on Barro Colorado Island (BCI), a 15.6-km2 island in Lake Gatún, Panama. Vegetation cover on BCI consists of a mosaic of old growth (>400 years) and maturing (about 90–150 year old) secondary rainforest. Locations and conditions of fig trees have been mapped and monitored on BCI for more than 35 years (1973–2011), with a focus on the Lutz Catchment area (25 ha). The original distribution of the fig trees shortly after the construction of the Panama Canal was derived from an aerial photograph from 1927 and was compared with previous land use and forest status. The distribution of both fig species (~850 trees) is restricted to secondary forest. Of the original 119 trees observed in Lutz Catchment in 1973, >70% of F. insipida and >90% of F. yoponensis had died by 2011. Observations in other areas on BCI support the trend of declining free-standing figs. We interpret the decline of these figs on BCI as a natural process within a maturing tropical lowland forest. Senescence of the fig trees appears to have been accelerated by severe droughts such as the strong El Niño event in the year 1982/83. Because figs form such an important food resource for frugivores, this shift in resource availability is likely to have cascading effects on frugivore populations.

  2. The type specimens of Calyptratae (Diptera) housed in non-traditional institutions in Argentina.

    PubMed

    Patitucci, Luciano Damián; Mulieri, Pablo Ricardo; Domínguez, M Cecilia; Mariluis, Juan Carlos

    2015-01-14

    The type material of species of Calyptratae Diptera belonging to Anthomyiidae, Calliphoridae, Fanniidae, Muscidae, Sarcophagidae, and Tachinidae, housed in the collections of non-traditional institutions in Argentina were examined. These collections were included in the recently created "Sistema Nacional de Datos Biológicos" (National Biological Data System). We examined four collections: "Administración Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud 'Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán'" (ANLIS), "Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Castelar, Buenos Aires" (INTA), "Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas" (IADIZA); and "Fundación Félix de Azara" (CFA). Comparison of the original descriptions of these species with the label information revealed the existence of 24 holotypes, 5 lectotypes, 11 syntypes, and 441 paratypes/paralectotypes. Complete information is given for each type, including reference to the original description, label data, and preservation condition. 

  3. [Science as a profession: an interview with Carlos Chagas Filho].

    PubMed

    Chagas Filho, Carlos

    2012-06-01

    The editing of this interview focuses on aspects of the extensive professional career of Carlos Chagas Filho, who was the founder of the Instituto de Biofísica of the Universidade do Brasil, currently the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. It highlights the scientific and political role he played in Brazilian science and on the international scene. His memoirs include his experience at the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, where he began his scientific training; the efforts to create the Laboratório de Física Biológica, succeeded by the Instituto de Biofísica; his work on the Conselho Nacional de Pesquisas and the Academia Brasileira de Ciências; the part he played at the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; his time as president of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences of the Vatican, which led him to ponder questions about the relationship between science and religion.

  4. [Burnout syndrome among health staff].

    PubMed

    Curiel-García, José Angel; Rodríguez-Morán, Martha; Guerrero-Romero, Fernando

    2006-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome components among the medical and nursing staff of the second care level hospitals of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social and Instituto de Seguridad Social al Servicio de los Trabajadores del Estado from Durango, Mexico. A cross-sectional comparative study was carried out among 73 physicians and 100 nurses randomly selected from both hospitals. The prevalence of burnout syndrome components was established by the Maslash Burnout Inventory, which determines the presence of physical/emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and labor performance. In addition, sociodemographic and labor information was collected. Prevalence was calculated with a reliability interval of 95% (CI 95%). 73 physicians and 100 nurses enrolled, corresponding to 22.8% and 14.5% of such personnel working in both institutions. Among the IMSS and ISSSTE workers respectively, the prevalence of depersonalization was 43.2% (34.4-52.9) and 14.5% (6.8-25.8), whereas the prevalence of physical/emotional exhaustion was 41.4% (32.7-51.1) and 19.4% (10.4-31.4). Pre-valence of labor performance was higher among the personnel of Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social: 99.1% (95.1-100) versus 96.8% (88.8-100). Severe depersonalization (p = 0.004), but not emotional exhaustion (p = 0.09) nor labor performance (p = 0.06) was significantly higher among personnel working at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Prevalence of depersonalization and physical/emotional exhaustion was higher among physicians and nurses of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social; nonetheless, their labor performance was high. Our finding suggests that personnel working at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social make a greater effort to maintain the high labor performance that medical care requires.

  5. Consistent Safety and Infectivity in Sporozoite Challenge Model of Plasmodium vivax in Malaria-Naive Human Volunteers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-02-01

    PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Instituto de Inmunologia ,Universidad del...technical staff of the Programa de Enfermedades Tropicales (PET) and to Bibiana García, Chief of the Unidad Ejecutora de Saneamiento del Valle del Cauca...Echavarría, Leonardo Rocha, and Myriam Arévalo-Herrera, Instituto de Inmunología, Edificio de Microbiología, Facultad de Salud , Universidad del Valle

  6. QUIJOTE Experiment: status of telescopes and instrumentation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pérez-de-Taoro, M. R.; Aguiar-González, M.; Cózar-Castellano, J.; Génova-Santos, R.; Gómez-Reñasco, F.; Hoyland, R.; Peláez-Santos, A.; Poidevin, F.; Tramonte, D.; Rebolo-López, R.; Rubiño-Martín, J. A.; Sánchez-de-la-Rosa, V.; Vega-Moreno, A.; Viera-Curbelo, T.; Vignaga, R.; Casas, F. J.; Martinez-Gonzalez, E.; Ortiz, D.; Aja, B.; Artal, E.; Cano-de-Diego, J. L.; de-la-Fuente, L.; Mediavilla, A.; Terán, J. V.; Villa, E.; Harper, S.; McCulloch, M.; Melhuish, S.; Piccirillo, L.; Lasenby, A.

    2016-07-01

    The QUIJOTE Experiment (Q-U-I JOint TEnerife) is a combined operation of two telescopes and three instruments working in the microwave band to measure the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) from the northern hemisphere, at medium and large angular scales. The experiment is located at the Teide Observatory in Tenerife, one of the seven Canary Islands (Spain). The project is a consortium maintained by several institutions: the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), the Instituto de Física de Cantabria (IFCA), the Communications Engineering Department (DICOM) at Universidad de Cantabria, and the Universities of Manchester and Cambridge. The consortium is led by the IAC.

  7. A Geoacoustic Model for Fine-Grained, Unconsolidated Calcareous Sediments (ARSRP Natural Laboratory)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-03-09

    Acoustics and Ocean bottom. Sociedad Espanola de Acustica, Instituto de Acustica-CSIC, F.A.S.E. Specialized Conference, Madrid, 3-58. Helmberger, D. V...Jacobson, R. S., Shor, Jr., G. G., and Dorman, L.M., 1981. Linear inversion i of body wave data-Part II: Attenuation versus depth using spectral ratios...Guerra, and C. Caro-Fite (eds.), Acoustics and Ocean bottom. Sociedad Espanola de Acustica, Instituto de 5 Acustica-CSIC, F.A.S.E. Specialized

  8. Special Section dedicated to the 11th International Conference on Vibration Problems (ICOVP-2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dimitrovová, Zuzana; Gonçalves, Rodrigo

    2015-01-01

    This section contains the first set of selected papers from the 11th edition of the biennial International Conference series on Vibration Problems (ICOVP-2013), which was held at the Instituto Superior Técnico in Lisbon, Portugal, on 9-12 September 2013, and was jointly organized by the Civil Engineering Department of the Universidade Nova de Lisboa and the Institute of Mechanical Engineering at the Instituto Superior Técnico. A second set of papers will be included in a forthcoming issue.

  9. The network of INTA telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cuesta, L.

    2008-06-01

    The Spanish Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial has a network of three telescopes located at some of the best places for astronomy in mainland Spain. The first is at the Observatorio de Calar Alto in Almeria, at an altitude of more than 2100 m. The second is near Calatayud in Zaragoza, at the summit of a 1400-m high mountain. The last is on the campus of the Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aerospatial (INTA), in Madrid. The three telescopes are either 40 or 50 cm in diameter and will be available for communications and educational projects.

  10. Thermal Properties of Mineralized and Non Mineralized Type I Collagen in Bone

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-04-01

    Heredial, E. Villarreal", J. Ocotldn-Flores2, A. L. Gomez-Cortes’, F. J. Aranda-Manteca 5, E. Orozco’ and L. Bucio’. lInstituto de Fisica , UNAM, Ciudad... Universitaria , Coyoacan. C.P. 01000, Mexico. D.F.2Centro de-instrumentos, UNAM, Ciudad Universitaria , Coyoacan. C.P. 04510. Mexico. D.F.3Instituto de...Investigaciones en Materiales, UNAM, Ciudad Universitaria , Coyoacan. C.P. 04510. Mexico. D.F.41nstituto de Investigaciones Antropologicas, UNAM

  11. Study of effects of transport properties of a biodiesel derived from soybean on the mixture process formation using CFD OpenFOAM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benitez Molina, Adolfo; de La Garza de Leon, Oscar Alejandro; Martinez Martinez, Simon; Sanchez Cruz, Fausto Alejandro

    2015-03-01

    In this work has been studied the effects of the transport properties of biodiesel derived from soybean on the mixing process, using a CFD code OpenFOAM. For this the most relevant properties in this mixing process have been determined: density, viscosity, surface tension and vapor pressure. These fuel properties govern the spray formation however, there are only very limited studies that determined for its subsequent implementation in a CFD code, such as the OpenFOAM code. Such properties were obtained using empirical correlations based on the molecular structure of the fatty acids that compose the biodiesel and applying nonlinear regression are implemented in the programed models used in the OpenFOAM code for a diesel spray simulation. The results achieved in the present study on the one side, have been confirmed how the biodiesel properties affect the mixture process, and on the other side, the obtained coefficients which can be used in the proposed models by the CFD code OpenFOAM for the implementation of this properties as a temperature function without the correlations based on the molecular structure of the fatty acid. Also they thank the CONACYT from Mexican Government for granting the Master degree of Adolfo Benitez.

  12. Las Migraciones en el Proceso de Integracion de las Americas: Seminario Internacional (Migration in the Integration Process in the Americas: International Seminar). Conference report.

    PubMed

    Berglund, S

    1993-01-01

    This conference report of the Centro de Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos and the Center for Migration Studies pertains to meetings held in August 1992. Summary information on migration movements in Latin America is presented by region and subject. The topic of integration in the Americas was presented by Mr. Lelio Marmora. Other topics and presenters include the new Colombian Migration Policy (Mr. Carlos Adolfo Arenas), the integration policies in Central America (Mr. Pilar Norza of Costa Rica, Raimundo Alvarado of El Salvador, and Luis Armando Gusman of Nicaragua), the Andean Pact agreements (representatives of each country), US immigration policy (Charles B. Keely), the Mexican integration with Latin America and immigration to the US (Jorge Bustamante), migration to Bolivia and Argentina and Chile, and transnationalism in the Caribbean (Professor Andre Corten). Migration policy needs to be tailored specifically to the situation in Latin America, and greater attention needs to be devoted to labor migrants' rights and working conditions. There are still fundamental differences among countries in policies regarding the free circulation of persons across borders. There is a division among those who support migration and those who are realists. National sovereignty issues are solvable because of a common national past and a relatively homogenous population. Another opinion is that Latin America is more diverse than commonly recognized. Capital is protected more in international agreements than is migrant labor. Regional integration for the US does mean immigration from Mexico. The US sees Mexican migration as a policy problem, and Mexico sees migration as a labor opportunity.

  13. Physicians' diagnoses compared with algorithmic differentiation of causes of jaundice.

    PubMed

    Boom, R; Chavez-Oest, J; Gonzalez, C; Cantu, M A; Rivero, F; Reyes, A; Aguilar, E; Santamaria, J

    1988-01-01

    Clinical data were collected in 194 cases of jaundiced patients treated at the "Adolfo Lopez Mateos" ISSSTE Hospital in Mexico City from July 1985 to July 1986. A copy of the clinical history of each patient was given to each of four physicians--one recently graduated from medical school, another in his first year of gastroenterology, and two others who were experienced gastroenterologists. The same clinical data were processed by a computer set up to use a modified Danish COMIC algorithm. All physicians and the computer technician were blinded to the "gold standard" pathologic diagnoses, with which their diagnoses were compared. Accuracy rates of the physicians in distinguishing intrahepatic (medical) from extrahepatic (surgical) jaundice were 78%, 86%, 86%, and 91%, and the accuracy of computer-assisted diagnoses was 96%. Chi-squared analysis of the diagnoses of three of the physicians and those of the computer showed significant differences (p between 0.1 and 0.01). For the diagnoses of the remaining physician, however, no significant difference was found after chi-squared continuity correction.

  14. Emission of NO and deposition of O3 in a tropical forest system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaplan, W. A.; Wofsy, S. C.; Keller, M.; Da Costa, Jose Maria

    1988-01-01

    Rates for emission of NO and deposition of O3 were measured at a tropical forest site in Reserve Adolfo Ducke, near Manaus, Brazil. Two independent techniques were used to determine the NO flux: (1) a soil enclosure method and (2) a method based on simultaneous observations of NO and O3 vertical profiles at night, when NO is irreversibly removed by reaction with O3. Results obtained using the two techniques agreed well, giving an average NO flux of 5.2 + or - 1.7 x 10 to the 10th molecules/sq cm per sec and an average vertical exchange coefficient of 2.2 x 10 to the 3rd cu cm/sec. Sources of NO from tropical forest soils may be important for global atmospheric chemistry. Rapid removal of O3 was observed in the lowest levels of the forest. The nocturnal deposition rate was estimated to be 5.6 + or - 2.5 x 10 to the 11th molecules/sq cm per sec through the 6-m level. The large deposition rate for O3 is consistent with the strong sink inferred from observations of ozone in the Amazon region.

  15. [The evolution theory in the medical sciences in Chile].

    PubMed

    Cruz-Coke, R

    1994-02-01

    The evolutionist ideas of Lamarck, Darwin and Haeckel entered the country through the arrival of their books. "On the origin of Species" arrived in Chile in 1869. The most outstanding immigrant european physicians that discussed these ideas were Rodulfo A Phillippi (1808-1904) and Juan José Brunner (1825-1899). Both discussed Darwin's ideas in their books and conferences as academics of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile. The first Chilean physicians that read and discussed the validity of evolution theory were Adolfo Valderrama (1834-1902) and Pedro Candia Salgado. Both wrote articles about this matter in Revista Médica de Chile in 1872 and 1874. The professor of general biology, Juan Noé Crevani, italian physician and zoologist that arrived in Chile in 1912, was the first to teach directly the concepts of the evolution theory until his death in 1947. Professor Noé founded the great biological school of the twentieth century in Chile and his disciples introduced the concepts of Mendelian theory and neodarwinism in the decade of fifties. The theory of evolution was taught as a chapter of general biology in the Faculty of Medicine between 1913 and 1947, but its practical applications to medicine were introduced with the birth of medical genetics in the decade of fifties and the foundation of Chilean Genetics society in 1964, under the direction of professors Danko Brncic and Gustavo Hoecker, both awarded with the National Sciences Prize.

  16. An obstetrics and gynaecology graduate residency programme in Venezuela.

    PubMed Central

    Faneite, P.

    1998-01-01

    We present our experience on the design and development of a gynaecology and obstetrics graduate residency programme, developed in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Dr Adolfo Prince Lara Hospital, Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, in which medical specialists and residents participate synergistically. From January to September 1993, curricular activities were planned and students selected. The programme started in October 1993, with six residents for a three-year programme. Courses were given by medical specialists from the Department. In addition to a Programme Coordinator, there is also a Residents' Coordinator, appointed for a two-month term of office; specific functions were assigned for residents occupying this position. All the programmed activities for three years were accomplished, including lectures and rotations, with an important record of surgical interventions. In our grade system, residents got an average of 18 over a maximum of 20 points. Residents also participated as speakers in workshops, special courses and national medicinal meetings, in which they presented a total of nine papers. Activities were evaluated bimonthly in meetings with students and each semester by the Graduate Committee. The first class graduated in September 1996. Results suggest that resident participation in graduate programmes is an important part of their education. PMID:9538482

  17. [Ectopia cordis: multidisciplinary approach with successful result].

    PubMed

    Serrano Gómez, Servando Germán; Bermlúez Sosa, Marco Tulio; Palma Hernández, Emigdio; del Castillo Salceda, Luis Fernando; Pinzón Muslera, Otto; Hernández Cortés, Bernardino; Méndez Machado, Gustavo

    2006-08-01

    Ectopia cordis is a pathology in which the heart is complete or partially outside of the thoracic cavity. It represents a challenge for the diagnosis and handling because of its high perinatal mortality. We present the first case of thoracic ectopia cordis with prenatal diagnostic (27th week), its multidisciplinary handling at Hospital de Ginecopediatria núm. 71 of the Centro Medico Nacional Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, IMSS, in Veracruz, Mexico. We communicate the case of a 24 year-old woman referred by her correspondent medical unit with the diagnosis of 23.6 weeks pregnancy with suspicion of heart malformation by ultrasound. The pregnancy was followed-up until the 38th week, when it was programmed a caesarean section. The newborn had ectopia cordis, which was treated at the moment of birth. In this article, we present pictures of the heart defect as well as its evolution. The up-to-date bibliography is revised about the medical profile and treatment. The handling of the ectopia cordis includes an appropriate prenatal diagnosis through echocardiograph, a multidisciplinary perinatal team, to program the caesarean operation, aseptic handling of the newborn, immediate correction of the wall defect with skin torn piece without trying to correct the costal grill, specific hemodynamic cares, to reprogramme a correction of associated defects.

  18. [Gastroesophageal reflux disease in pediatric patients with asthma].

    PubMed

    Iniestra Flores, Felipe; Gómez Vera, Javier; Orea Solano, Modesto; Flores Sandoval, Graciela; Cruz Parada, María del Carmen

    2002-01-01

    Nowadays, the gastroesophageal reflux is a predisposing factor for the development of asthmatic attacks. To determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux in pediatric patients with asthma of the Service of Allergy and Immunology at the Hospital Regional Lic. Adolfo López Mateos. It was made an observational study from July 2000 to July 2001. Gastroesophageal gammagraphic and endoscopy (with taking of esophageal biopsy) were carried out to each of the patients in order to find out if there was gastroesophageal reflux. 112 patients with moderate persistent asthma (54 women and 58 men) were included and divided in three different age groups (group I, from 1 to 5 years old; group II, from 6 to 10 and III, from 11 to 16 years old). The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux was 138, 100 and 93, respectively, being specially high in males. Differences in the prevalence among different groups were statistically significant between group I and II (p < 0.001) and between I and III (p < 0.001). Significant changes were not observed between group II and III (p = NS). The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux the structured was high, situation directly related with the diagnostic suspicion in our asthmatic population.

  19. Emission of NO and deposition of O3 in a tropical forest system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaplan, W. A.; Wofsy, S. C.; Keller, M.; Da Costa, Jose Maria

    1988-01-01

    Rates for emission of NO and deposition of O3 were measured at a tropical forest site in Reserve Adolfo Ducke, near Manaus, Brazil. Two independent techniques were used to determine the NO flux: (1) a soil enclosure method and (2) a method based on simultaneous observations of NO and O3 vertical profiles at night, when NO is irreversibly removed by reaction with O3. Results obtained using the two techniques agreed well, giving an average NO flux of 5.2 + or - 1.7 x 10 to the 10th molecules/sq cm per sec and an average vertical exchange coefficient of 2.2 x 10 to the 3rd cu cm/sec. Sources of NO from tropical forest soils may be important for global atmospheric chemistry. Rapid removal of O3 was observed in the lowest levels of the forest. The nocturnal deposition rate was estimated to be 5.6 + or - 2.5 x 10 to the 11th molecules/sq cm per sec through the 6-m level. The large deposition rate for O3 is consistent with the strong sink inferred from observations of ozone in the Amazon region.

  20. Integrator Element as a Promoter of Active Learning in Engineering Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliveira, Paulo C.; Oliveira, Cristina G.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we present a teaching proposal used in an Introductory Physics course to civil engineering students from Porto's Engineering Institute/Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto (ISEP). The proposal was born from the need to change students' perception and motivation for learning physics. It consists in the use of an integrator…

  1. Laser ultrasonics in Brazil for aeronautics and space engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salvi Sakamoto, João Marcos; Pacheco, Gefeson Mendes

    2010-01-01

    This work is a report bringing the experimental setup and the initial developments to establish a laser ultrasonics system at the Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica in Brazil. Present-day development aim to substitute piezoelectric transducer by a high power pulsed laser to generate ultrasound.

  2. Treatment of snake bites by Bothrops species and Lachesis muta in Ecuador: laboratory screening of candidate antivenoms.

    PubMed

    Theakston, R D; Laing, G D; Fielding, C M; Lascano, A F; Touzet, J M; Vallejo, F; Guderian, R H; Nelson, S J; Wüster, W; Richards, A M

    1995-01-01

    Bothrops xanthogrammus/asper, B. atrox and Lachesis muta are probably responsible for most cases of severe envenoming in Ecuador. In recent years, the most widely used antivenom ('Myn' Ronti, imported from Mexico) has proved clinically ineffective. There is an urgent need to identify an effective alternative for clinical testing. Five antivenoms with activity against Bothrops venoms were compared using standard World Health Organization rodent and in vitro assays: (i) 'Myn', Ronti Mexico SA ('B. atrox', 'Crotalus terrificus'), (ii) Instituto Butantan (Bothrops polyvalent, Brazil), (iii) Instituto Nacional de Hygiene y Medicina Tropical (Bothrops polyvalent, Ecuador), (iv) Instituto Nacional de Salud (B. asper, C. durissus and Lachesis muta, Colombia), and (v) Laboratorios Probiol (Bothrops, Lachesis and Crotalus, Colombia). The venoms against which these antivenoms were tested were Ecuadorian B. atrox, B. asper and B. xanthogrammus. Brazilian antivenom proved to be the most effective, followed by the Ecudorian and Colombian antivenoms. Mexican antivenom was completely ineffective in neutralizing the lethal effects of Ecuadorian Bothrops venoms. Monospecific Brazilian L. muta antivenom (Instituto Butantan) proved effective against Ecuadorian L. muta venom, but the Colombian polyspecific antivenoms did not. Clinical trials of Brazilian and Ecuadorian antivenoms are planned in the Amazon region of Ecuador in the near future.

  3. A Brief Survey of the Team Software ProcessSM (TSPSM)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-24

    spent more than 20 years in industry as a software engineer, system designer, project leader, and development manager working on control systems...InnerWorkings, Inc. Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Siemens AG SILAC Ingenieria de Software S.A. de C.V

  4. Twenty Years of Enforcement of Explosives Safety Regulations in France in View of an European Union Directive

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-08-01

    health) completed by the royal decree 230/1998 dated 16 february 1998 regarding the rules to be applied to explosives " Reglamento de explosivos". The...34Instituto nacional de seguridad e higiene en el trabajo " del Ministerio del Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales has a key role for enforcong this law, as well

  5. Support Teachers' Beliefs about the Academic Achievement of Students with Special Educational Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silva, Jos Castro; Morgado, Jos

    2004-01-01

    Jos Castro Silva, lecturer in sciences of education, and Jos Morgado, assistant professor, both work at the Instituto Superior de Psicologica Aplicada in Lisboa, Portugal. In this article, they describe their study of support teachers beliefs about the academic achievement of school students with special educational needs. The support teachers who…

  6. TCS-CAIN: NIR survey of the Galactic plane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    González-Fernández, C.; Cabrera-Lavers, A.; Garzón, F.; Hammersley, P. L.; López-Corredoira, M.; Vicente, B.

    2007-03-01

    We present TCS-CAIN, a NIR survey of the Galactic plane, recently made public at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, and some results derived from it: with star counts derived directly the structure of the inner the Milky Way can be dissected, obtaining also estimations for the extinction toward the inner MW.

  7. The Spanish external quality assessment scheme for lead in blood.

    PubMed

    Marcuello, D

    1996-01-01

    In 1985 the Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo (INSHT) established the "Programa Interlaboratorios de Control de Calidad de Plomo en Sangre (PICC-PbS)". The operation of this scheme is explained, criteria for evaluation of laboratory performance are defined and some results obtained are reviewed.

  8. Evaluation of Didactic Material Designed to Be Used by High School Art Teachers: The Use of Focus Groups and Questionnaires

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almeida, Adriana Mortara; Martins, Maria Helena Pires

    2009-01-01

    The article describes and discusses the use of focus groups and questionnaires to evaluate educational printed material for high school level art teachers prior to publication. The material consisted of "The Notebook of the Investigative Teacher," created by the Instituto Itau Cultural to help teachers develop critical skills in…

  9. ONR-Sponsored Meeting to Discuss South Atlantic and Indian Ocean Physical Oceanographic Research.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-03-22

    Uni- versidade de Sio Paulo, CP 9075, S . Paulo - B;azil; 2) Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnologi - c.as, Cidade Universitiria, Butanti, S. Paulo Brazil...of the dynamics of the sea. We must push as rapidly as possible the development of atmospheric coupled general circulation models for the sea akin to

  10. Non-Linear Stability of Magnetically Focused Particle Beams

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-30

    PROJECT NUMBER N/A 5e. TASK NUMBER N/A 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER N/A 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Instituto de Fisica ...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18 Felipe Barbedo Rizzato Institute de Fisica , Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

  11. Brazil-U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-03

    Desigualdade racial no Brasil,” Brasilia: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), 2001. 30 “Economic Survey of Brazil 2005,” Organization...in Latin America and Considerations for U.S. Policy, by Clare Ribando Seelke and June S. Beittel. 79 Ricard Henriques, “ Desigualdade racial no

  12. Brazil-U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-21

    December 21, 2004. 29 Ricard Henriques, “ Desigualdade racial no Brasil,” Brasilia: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), 2001. 30 “Economic...Report RL32713, Afro-Latinos in Latin America and Considerations for U.S. Policy, by Clare Ribando Seelke. 71 Ricard Henriques, “ Desigualdade racial

  13. Nitric Oxide Sensors Obtained Through the Entrapment of Iron Complexes in Sol-Gel Matrix

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-04-05

    iron complexes in sol-gel matrix Juliana C. Biazzotto, Jodo F. Borin, Roberto Mendonga Faria’ and Carlos F.O Graeff Departamento de Fisica e...Matemdtica-FFCLRP-USP, Av. Bandeirantes 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirdo Preto, Brazil 1-Instituto de Fisica de S~o Carlos-USP, C.P. 369, 13560-970 Sdo Carlos, Brazil

  14. Source Hierarchy List. Volume 1. A through D

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-07-01

    DEPARTAMENTO DE FISICA 01 CHILE UNIV SANTIAGO OEPARTAMENTO DE FISIOLOGIA Y BIOFISICA 01 CHILE UNIV SANTIAGO OEPARTAMENTO OE VIROLOGIA 1259 401858 401398...EDAFOLOGIA Y BIOLOGIA VEGETAL 01 CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS MADRID (SPAIN) INSTITUTO DE EDAFOLOGIA Y FISIOLOGIA VEGETAL 01...NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE PISA (ITALY) IST DI FISIOLOGIA CLINICA* 01 CONSIGLIO NAZIDNALE OELLE RICERCHE PISA (ITALY) IST DI NEURDFISIDLDGIA 01

  15. Catalog and Illustrated Review of the Subgenus Melanoconion of Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) (Contributions of the American Entomological Institute. Volume 27, Number 2, 1992)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    de Entomologia Taxonomica, Division de Endemias Rurales, Maracay, Venezuela Section de Entomologia, Departamento de Parasitologia y Microbiologia ...Paulo, Brazil Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil Instituto National de Microbiologia , Carlos G. Malbran, Buenos Aires...Publication de la 84 Contrib. Amer. Ent. Inst., Vol. 27, No. 2, 1992 Division de Endemias Rurales, Direction de Malariologia y Saneamiento Ambiental

  16. Solving Variational Problems and Partial Differential Equations Mapping into General Target Manifolds

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-01-01

    texture mapping; and general geometric mapping between high dimensional surfaces. Instituto de Ingenieria Electrica, Universidad de la Republica...Minnesota. This work was partially supported by a grant from the Office of Naval Research ONR-N00014-97-1-0509, the Office of Naval Research Young

  17. Genetic Modifiers of Ovarian Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    Special Functions, IRCCS AOU San Martino–IST Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genoa, Italy, 126 UO Anatomia Patologica, Ospedale di...Athens, Greece (Yannoukakos, Fostira); Instituto de Genética Humana , Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia (Torres); Molecular Genetics of

  18. Influence of Paternal Age on Assisted Reproduction Outcome

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2007-08-01

    We Will Retrospectively Assess Our Databases in Our Clinic:; Instituto Valenciano de Infertilidad in Valencia (Spain); Searching for Assisted Reproduction Procedures; (IUI, Standard IVF/ICSI Cycles and Ovum Donation IVF/ICSI Cycles); Who Were Referred to Our Unit to Cryopreserve Sperm During the Period; From January 2000 to December 2006.

  19. The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-03

    Finanzas Publicas. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos (INDEC). Utilizacion de la Capacidid Instalada en la Industria. Buenos Aires. January 2009... Estadistica y Censos. Intercambio Comercial Argentino. Buenos Aires, January 28, 2009. 87 Global Insight. Argentina: S&P Lowers Argentina’s Rating to B

  20. Approved Methods and Algorithms for DoD Risk-Based Explosives Siting

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-02

    22 December 1998) 9 Instituto Nacional de Estadistica . “Number of deaths by major causes of death.” http://www.ine.es/htdocs/dacoin/dacoinci...Nacional de Estadistica . “Number of deaths by major causes of death.” http://www.ine.es/htdocs/dacoin/dacoinci/sanitari August 1998 (22 December 1998