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Sample records for internal mammary-coronary artery anastomosis

  1. Bilateral versus Single Internal Mammary Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Sweden from 1997–2008

    PubMed Central

    Dalén, Magnus; Ivert, Torbjörn; Holzmann, Martin J.; Sartipy, Ulrik

    2014-01-01

    Background Prior observational studies have suggested better outcomes in patients who receive bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) compared with patients who receive a single internal mammary artery (SIMA). The aim of this study was to analyze the association between BIMA use and long-term survival in patients who underwent primary isolated CABG. Methods and Results Patients who underwent primary isolated non-emergent CABG in Sweden between 1997 and 2008 were identified. The SWEDEHEART registry and other national Swedish registers were used to acquire information about patient characteristics and outcomes. Unadjusted and multivariable adjusted regression models were used to estimate the association between BIMA use and early mortality, long-term survival, and a composite of death from any cause or rehospitalization for myocardial infarction, heart failure, or stroke in the overall cohort and in a propensity score-matched cohort. The study population consisted of 49702 patients who underwent CABG with at least one internal mammary artery, and 559 (1%) of those had BIMA grafting. In the adjusted analyses, BIMA use was not associated with better survival compared with SIMA use in the overall cohort (hazard ratio (HR) for death: 1.16, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.97 to 1.37) or in the matched cohort (HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 0.78 to 1.40). The results were similar for early mortality and the composite endpoint. Reoperation for sternal wound complications was more common among BIMA patients (odds ratio: 1.71, 95% CI: 1.01 to 2.88). Conclusions BIMA grafting was performed infrequently and was not associated with better outcomes compared with SIMA grafting in patients undergoing non-emergent primary isolated CABG in Sweden during 1997–2008. PMID:24466293

  2. Laser assisted internal mammary artery-coronary artery anastomosis - an experimental study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Hong-Sheng; Zhang, Liang-ping; Feng, Lian

    2005-07-01

    Objective: To observe the time required for anastomosis and the reliability for pressure tolerance after internal mammay artery (IMA) -coronary artery anastomosis. Method: Eight sheep underwent thoracotomy and left IMA harvest. In group I (T) the IMA were anastomosed to left anterior descending artery (LAD) with 7-0 prolene suture (n=4) and in group II (LA) IMA were anastomosed to LAD with laser. Result: The time required for laser technique was shorter than that required in suturing technique [117.5+/-39.48min (total) and 38.25+/-6.23 min vs 62.5+/-37.83 min (total) and 20+/-6.53 min respectively ] (p<0.01). Prior to closing thoracotomy both two groups endured the impact of pharmacologic vasopressor. No leakage at the anastomosed site was observed in both groups. After the closure of thoracotomy, well tolerance for both adrenalin and thoracic negative pressure was observed in the two groups. The peak systolic pressure induced by pharmacologic agent was similar in both groups. Neither stenosis nor thrombus or embolism was observed and immediate patency rate in both groups was 100%. Conclusion: Laser assisted technique seems to be favorable for patency rate and could lead to better result after coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).

  3. Unilateral Agenesis of Internal Carotid Artery with Intercavernous Anastomosis: A Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kumaresh, Athiyappan; Vasanthraj, Praveen Kumar; Chandrasekharan, Anupama

    2015-01-01

    Unilateral agenesis of internal carotid artery (ICA) with intercavernous anastomosis is a rare congenital anomaly. We present a case of a 25-year-old female with 2-month history of holocranial headache. Neurological examination was unremarkable. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed absence of left ICA with an abnormal intercavernous vessel in the sella. Computed tomography (CT) showed absence of the left carotid canal. Doppler ultrasonography (USG) showed high resistance flow in the left common carotid artery (CCA). Since no hemorrhage or aneurysm was seen, patient was managed conservatively and is on regular follow-up. Based on our knowledge, this is the first case to demonstrate the features of unilateral agenesis of ICA with intercavernous anastomosis in X-ray, Doppler USG, CT, and MRI scans of the brain. PMID:25806142

  4. Unilateral agenesis of internal carotid artery with intercavernous anastomosis: a rare case report.

    PubMed

    Kumaresh, Athiyappan; Vasanthraj, Praveen Kumar; Chandrasekharan, Anupama

    2015-01-01

    Unilateral agenesis of internal carotid artery (ICA) with intercavernous anastomosis is a rare congenital anomaly. We present a case of a 25-year-old female with 2-month history of holocranial headache. Neurological examination was unremarkable. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed absence of left ICA with an abnormal intercavernous vessel in the sella. Computed tomography (CT) showed absence of the left carotid canal. Doppler ultrasonography (USG) showed high resistance flow in the left common carotid artery (CCA). Since no hemorrhage or aneurysm was seen, patient was managed conservatively and is on regular follow-up. Based on our knowledge, this is the first case to demonstrate the features of unilateral agenesis of ICA with intercavernous anastomosis in X-ray, Doppler USG, CT, and MRI scans of the brain.

  5. Effect of modified proximal anastomosis of the free right internal thoracic artery: piggyback and foldback techniques

    PubMed Central

    Hayashi, Yasunari; Ito, Toshiaki; Maekawa, Atsuo; Sawaki, Sadanari; Tokoro, Masayoshi; Yanagisawa, Junji; Murotani, Kenta

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES Few studies have reported the free right internal thoracic artery (RITA) being used in an aorto-coronary fashion. This study aimed to evaluate the free RITA with modified proximal anastomosis in an aorto-coronary fashion. METHODS Between January 2000 and December 2012, 282 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with bilateral internal thoracic arteries for complete revascularization of the left coronary system at our institution. The left internal thoracic artery (LITA) was anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the RITA was anastomosed to the left circumflex branches (LCX). The RITA was used as a free graft in 213 patients (free group) and as an in situ graft in 69 patients (in situ group). Proximal anastomosis of the free RITA onto the ascending aorta was performed in two different ways. We compared early and late results and graft patency of the free RITA with those of the in situ RITA retrospectively. RESULTS The numbers of anastomoses per patient and anastomoses of the RITA were larger in the free group than in the in situ group (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in postoperative survival between the groups (free group: 93.3% vs in situ group: 90.0%, P = 0.82). The 5-year patency of the free RITA was higher than that of the in situ RITA (97.0 vs 80.3%, P = 0.01). The 5-year patency of the free RITA was comparable with that of the in situ LITA anastomosed to the LAD (97.0 vs 92.9%, P = 0.28). CONCLUSIONS The free RITA anastomosed to the LCX might have better late patency than the in situ RITA. The free RITA with modified proximal anastomosis in an aorto-coronary fashion enables complete revascularization of the left coronary system with the in situ LITA to the LAD. PMID:26657002

  6. Congenital absence of internal carotid artery with intercavernous anastomosis: Case report and systematic review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Oz, Ibrahim Ilker; Serifoglu, Ismail; Yazgan, Omer; Erdem, Zuhal

    2016-08-01

    The absence of an internal carotid artery is a rare congenital anomaly. In the absence of the internal carotid artery, collateral circulations develop through the circle of Willis, persistent embryonic arteries or transcranial collaterals of the external carotid artery. Six pathways of collateral circulation have been described. Intercavernous anastomosis is between cavernous segments of the bilateral internal carotid arteries and is rarely seen. Patients with an absence of the internal carotid artery can be completely asymptomatic. However, these patients can present with subarachnoid hemorrhage or stroke accompanying cerebral aneurysm or abnormal collateral. We combined our case with 33 previous publications to form a retrospective series including 35 cases of unilateral internal carotid artery agenesis with intercavernous anastomosis. © The Author(s) 2016.

  7. Double inter-internal carotid artery communication through intercavernous anastomosis and posterior communicating artery associated with multiple intracranial artery segmental agenesis/aplasia.

    PubMed

    Park, Yae Won; Yoo, Joonsang; Kim, Dong Joon

    2017-07-19

    Segmental internal carotid artery (ICA) and basilar artery (BA) agenesis/aplasia are rare vascular anomalies. We report an extremely rare case of combined ICA, BA, and A1 segmental absence presenting with double inter-ICA collateral communication through the intercavernous anastomosis and posterior communicating arteries. The patient presented with diplopia and transient ischemic attack. The pathogenesis of the anatomic anomalies and clinical symptoms are discussed.

  8. Effect of modified proximal anastomosis of the free right internal thoracic artery: piggyback and foldback techniques.

    PubMed

    Hayashi, Yasunari; Ito, Toshiaki; Maekawa, Atsuo; Sawaki, Sadanari; Tokoro, Masayoshi; Yanagisawa, Junji; Murotani, Kenta

    2016-03-01

    Few studies have reported the free right internal thoracic artery (RITA) being used in an aorto-coronary fashion. This study aimed to evaluate the free RITA with modified proximal anastomosis in an aorto-coronary fashion. Between January 2000 and December 2012, 282 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with bilateral internal thoracic arteries for complete revascularization of the left coronary system at our institution. The left internal thoracic artery (LITA) was anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the RITA was anastomosed to the left circumflex branches (LCX). The RITA was used as a free graft in 213 patients (free group) and as an in situ graft in 69 patients (in situ group). Proximal anastomosis of the free RITA onto the ascending aorta was performed in two different ways. We compared early and late results and graft patency of the free RITA with those of the in situ RITA retrospectively. The numbers of anastomoses per patient and anastomoses of the RITA were larger in the free group than in the in situ group (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in postoperative survival between the groups (free group: 93.3% vs in situ group: 90.0%, P = 0.82). The 5-year patency of the free RITA was higher than that of the in situ RITA (97.0 vs 80.3%, P = 0.01). The 5-year patency of the free RITA was comparable with that of the in situ LITA anastomosed to the LAD (97.0 vs 92.9%, P = 0.28). The free RITA anastomosed to the LCX might have better late patency than the in situ RITA. The free RITA with modified proximal anastomosis in an aorto-coronary fashion enables complete revascularization of the left coronary system with the in situ LITA to the LAD. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  9. [Superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis in a patient of temporal arteritis with internal carotid artery occlusion: a case report].

    PubMed

    Abiko, Masaru; Nakano, Shigeki; Nishizaki, Takafumi; Ikeda, Norio; Sakakura, Takanori; Okamura, Tomohiro; Abiko, Seisho

    2012-01-01

    Temporal arteritis is a rare systemic autoimmune disease and the arteritic process in this case of temporal arteritis involved large and medium-size arteries. Temporal arteritis with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion is very rare. We report a case of temporal arteritis with ICA occlusion following superficial temporal artery (STA) -middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis, together with steroid therapy. A 73-year-old female presented with a headache, visual disturbance of left side, and suppression of activity. Left STA was inflammatory and overswelling. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and angiography revealed occlusion of the left internal carotid artery (ICA) at the cervical portion and lowering of vascular reserve on PAO SPECT. Diagnosis as temporal arteritis was conclusive due to the clinical presentation, laboratory studies, and left temporal artery biopsy, so steroid pulse therapy was initiated. Inflammation of left STA disappeared after steroid therapy, but left ICA occlusion on angiography and lowering of vascular reserve on SPECT remained for 3 months afterwards. Because of this, STA-MCA anastomosis was performed. There were no complications after the operation and the donor artery has been patent for two years. Temporal arteritis with ICA occlusion that requires extracranial-intracranial bypass (EC-IC bypass) is very rare. STA-MCA anastomosis with steroid therapy is effective for the prevention of cerebral infarction.

  10. [Coronary artery bypass grafting using side-to-side anastomosis].

    PubMed

    Niinami, H; Takeuchi, Y

    2000-08-01

    Recently, to obtain better long-term patency after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) arterial conduits such as internal mammary arteries (IMAs) and the right gastroepiploic artery have been frequently used. For coronary site anastomosis, end-to-side anastomosis is common. These conduits have a smaller diameter than the saphenous vein graft, so that, usually, longitudinal slits are made on the distal end of these grafts to obtain a more effective anastomotic orifice area. However, there is a potential for anastomotic leakage due to mismatch between the incision of the coronary artery and the arterial graft. We report here the efficacy of side-to-side anastomosis using small arterial conduits. This method has several advantages. Firstly, there is no chance of anastomotic leakage, since the coronary incision and graft incision can be perfectly matched. Secondly, if there is at least a 5-mm distance between the distal end of the graft incision and the surgical clip, the graft incision can be extended during anastomosis for adjustment. Thirdly, the distal end of the graft can be held beyond the surgical clip by forceps without damaging the arterial graft, which makes it easier for the anastomosis to be performed. Finally, the anastomosis can be checked by passing a probe through the distal end of the graft after removing the surgical clip. Also dye can be injected from the distal end of the graft at "Off Pump CABG", intraoperatively. This technique can be applied not only for distal end anastomosis, but also for proximal end, using free IMA to the ascending aorta and to make a Y-graft.

  11. Urgent treatment of severe subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by ruptured traumatic aneurysm of the cavernous internal carotid artery using coil embolization followed by superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Tomohiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuo; Iijima, Akira; Shinozaki, Munehisa; Ishida, Junro; Yako, Kyoko

    2005-11-01

    Traumatic aneurysm of the cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) with extension into the subarachnoid space is associated with increased risk of fatality especially when it is accompanied by severe subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Only cases of patients who survived the acute stage and who were treated in a delayed setting have been reported. There has been no successfully treated case immediately after an injury. We encountered a 48-year-old man who presented with dense SAH immediately after being involved in a motor vehicle accident. Emergent angiography revealed traumatic aneurysm of the left cavernous ICA with extension beyond the superior wall of the cavernous sinus into the subarachnoid space and concomitant direct high-flow carotid cavernous fistula. Detachable platinum coil occlusion of the cavernous ICA followed by superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis on day 0 and aggressive therapy to SAH, including ventriculocisternal irrigation and drainage, was performed. The patient eventually made a good recovery. Considering the extremely poor prognosis and unstable nature of a ruptured traumatic aneurysm with extensive SAH in the acute stage, definitive and immediate prevention of rebleeding in conjunction with proper revascularization would be warranted, such as in the present case.

  12. How to perform a coronary artery anastomosis in complete endoscopic fashion with robotic assistance.

    PubMed

    Canale, Leonardo Secchin; Bonatti, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    Current technology in robotic surgery allows us to perform myocardial revascularization procedures in a totally endoscopic fashion. We will describe the technique of choice for left internal mammary artery to left anterior descendent artery anastomosis with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass machine. The method is efficient and there is long term follow-up showing similar patency of the graft when compared to conventional methods (when performed through sternotomy).

  13. How to perform a coronary artery anastomosis in complete endoscopic fashion with robotic assistance

    PubMed Central

    Canale, Leonardo Secchin; Bonatti, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    Current technology in robotic surgery allows us to perform myocardial revascularization procedures in a totally endoscopic fashion. We will describe the technique of choice for left internal mammary artery to left anterior descendent artery anastomosis with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass machine. The method is efficient and there is long term follow-up showing similar patency of the graft when compared to conventional methods (when performed through sternotomy). PMID:25714222

  14. Side-to-side anastomosis using 4 interrupted sutures in small coronary arteries.

    PubMed

    Kawahito, Koji; Muraoka, Arata; Misawa, Yoshio

    2014-01-01

    Side-to-side anastomosis in sequential bypass grafting of coronary arteries 1.0 mm in diameter or smaller, requires delicate surgical techniques with a high degree of technical difficulty. However, using only 4 interrupted sutures, we have performed side-to-side anastomosis in sequential grafting without difficulty in a short operative duration. We applied this technique in 58 distal anastomosis procedures, achieving an early angiographic graft patency rate of 100%.

  15. Ascending aorta-right pulmonary artery anastomosis: Waterston's operation

    PubMed Central

    Alvarez-Díaz, F.; Brito, J. M.; Cordovilla, G.; De León, J. Pérez; Sanchez, P. A.; Bordiú, C. M.

    1973-01-01

    The results of 180 cases of congenital heart disease with diminished pulmonary flow operated upon with Waterston's technique are presented. It is considered that Waterston's operation is to be preferred in children under 2 years of age and in older children who have had a previous thrombotic or insufficient Blalock operation and in whom total correction is not indicated. The problem of pseudotruncus with hypoplastic pulmonary arteries is discussed. The convenience of the Waterston operation in these cases, and the importance of creating an anastomosis at the pulmonary bifurcation and as far back as possible in the aorta, is emphasized. The need to perform this technique in the correct way is stressed. This will avoid the kinking and pulling of the right pulmonary artery, which are causes of preferential blood flow to the right lung, as we have demonstrated experimentally. The possible complications caused by such a technical failure are discussed. The necessity for previous angiocardiographic study, in order properly to repair the defect during total correction, is also considered. Images PMID:4731106

  16. Microvascular anastomosis using fibrin glue and venous cuff in rat carotid artery.

    PubMed

    Sacak, Bulent; Tosun, Ugur; Egemen, Onur; Sakiz, Damlanur; Ugurlu, Kemal

    2015-04-01

    Conventional anastomosis with interrupted sutures can be time-consuming, can cause vessel narrowing, and can lead to thrombosis at the site of repair. The amount of suture material inside the lumen can impair the endothelium of the vessel, triggering thrombosis. In microsurgery, fibrin sealants have the potential beneficial effects of reducing anastomosis time and promoting accurate haemostasis at the anastomotic site. However, there has been a general reluctance to use fibrin glue for microvascular anastomoses because the fibrin polymer is highly thrombogenic and may not provide adequate strength. To overcome these problems, a novel technique was defined for microvascular anastomosis with fibrin glue and a venous cuff. Sixty-four rats in two groups are included in the study. In the experimental group (n = 32), end-to-end arterial anastomosis was performed with two stay sutures, fibrin glue, and a venous cuff. In the control group (n = 32), conventional end-to-end arterial anastomosis was performed. Fibrin glue assisted anastomosis with a venous cuff took less time, caused less bleeding at the anastomotic site, and achieved a patency rate comparable to that provided by the conventional technique. Fibrin sealant assisted microvascular anastomosis with venous cuff is a rapid, easy, and reliable technique compared to the end-to-end arterial anastomosis.

  17. T-Stenting-and-Small-Protrusion Technique for Bifurcation Stenoses After End-to-Side Anastomosis of Transplant Renal Artery and External Iliac Artery: Report of Two Cases

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Yong Ye, Peng; Jiang, Wen-jin; Ma, Shuo-yi Zhao, Jian-bo Zeng, Qing-le

    2015-10-15

    Bifurcation stenoses after end-to-side anastomosis of transplant renal artery (TRA) and external iliac artery (EIA), including stenoses at the anastomosis and the iliac artery proximal to the TRA, are rare. In the present article, we report two successfully managed cases of bifurcation stenoses after end-to-side anastomosis of the TRA and EIA using the technique of T-stenting and small protrusion (TAP stenting)

  18. Impact of top end anastomosis design on patency and flow stability in coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Koyama, Sachi; Kitamura, Tadashi; Itatani, Keiichi; Yamamoto, Tadashi; Miyazaki, Shohei; Oka, Norihiko; Nakashima, Kouki; Horai, Tetsuya; Ono, Minoru; Miyaji, Kagami

    2016-05-01

    For coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), free grafts such as a saphenous vein or radial artery are often used for grafts to the lateral and posterior walls. However, the relationship between top-end anastomosis design and long-term patency remains unknown. Because coronary artery blood flow is dominant during diastole, top-end anastomosis may work better if the graft is directed towards the apex, whereas the shortest graft pathway appears to be most efficient. Using computational fluid dynamic models, we evaluated the hemodynamic variables that were affected by the angle of the top-end anastomosis. We created three-dimensional geometries of the aortic root with coronary arteries that involved 75 % stenosis in the obtuse marginal and postero-lateral branches. Two bypass models under vasodilator administration were created: in a"Model A", the top-end anastomosis is parallel to the long axis of the ascending aorta and the graft passed over the conus directed towards the apex; in a "Model B", the top-end anastomosis is directed toward the shortest pathway, and form near the right angles to the long axis of the ascending aorta. Wall shear stress (WSS) and its fluctuation, an oscillatory shear index (OSI) were evaluated to predict fibrosis progression at the anastomosis site and graft flow. Graft flow was 197.3 ml/min and 207.3 ml/min in the "Model A" and "Model B", respectively. The minimal WSS value inside the graft with the "Model A" and "Model B" was 0.53 Pa and 4.09 Pa, respectively, and the OSI value was 0.46 and 0.04, respectively. The top-end anastomosis of a free graft should be directed vertically towards the aorta to achieve the shortest graft pathway to maintain a high graft flow rate and to avoid the risks of endothelial fibrosis and plaque progression over the long-term after CABG.

  19. Longer coronary anastomosis provides lower energy loss in coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Tsukui, Hiroyuki; Shinke, Manabu; Park, Young Kwang; Yamazaki, Kenji

    2017-01-01

    Distal anastomosis technique affects graft patency and long-term outcomes in coronary artery bypass grafting, however, there is no standard for the appropriate length of distal anastomosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether longer distal anastomosis provides higher quality of distal anastomosis and better hemodynamic patterns. Off pump CABG training simulator, YOUCAN (EBM Corporation, Japan), was used for distal anastomosis model. Two lengths of distal anastomosis model (10 versus 4 mm) were prepared by end-to-side anastomosis technique. After CT scan constructed three-dimensional inner shape of distal anastomosis, computational flow dynamics (CFD) was used to analyze hemodynamic patterns. The working flow was defined as Newtonian fluid with density of 1050 kg/m(3) and viscosity of 4 mPa s. The boundary condition was set to 100 mmHg at inlet, 50 ml/min at outlet, and 100 % stenosis of proximal coronary artery. Three-dimensional CT imaging showed quality of distal anastomosis in 10 mm model was more uniform without vessel wall inversion or kinking compared to 4 mm model. Anastomotic flow area was significantly larger in 10 mm model than that in 4 mm model (28.67 ± 4.91 versus 8.89 ± 3.18 mm(2), p < 0.0001). Anastomotic angle was significantly smaller in 10 mm model compared to 4 mm model (10.2 ± 5.65° versus 20.6 ± 3.31°, p < 0.0001). CFD analysis demonstrated 10 mm model had streamlined flow with smooth graft curvature, whereas 4 mm model had abrupt blood flow direction changes with flow separation at the toe. 10 mm model had significantly lower energy loss than 4 mm model (34.78 ± 6.90 versus 77.10 ± 21.47 μW, p < 0.0001). Longer distal anastomosis provided higher quality of distal anastomosis, larger anastomotic flow area, smaller anastomotic angle, and smoother graft curvatures. These factors yielded lower energy loss at distal anastomosis.

  20. Influence of bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis on pulmonary arterial growth.

    PubMed

    Slavik, Z; Webber, S A; Lamb, R K; Horvath, P; LeBlanc, J G; Keeton, B R; Monro, J L; Tax, P; Tuma, S; Reich, O

    1995-11-15

    Right-sided BSCA provides for satisfactory pulmonary arterial growth in infants and children with complex congenital heart defects, and it could enhance the growth of a small right pulmonary artery. The growth of the left pulmonary artery, particularly in younger patients, needs close attention to confirm the safe role of BSCA in long-term palliation.

  1. Clinical and pathological assessment of different suture techniques for microvascular anastomosis in rat femoral artery

    PubMed Central

    El-Shazly, Mohamed

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the clinical and pathological features after a microvascular anastomosis of a rat femoral artery using four different suture techniques. Sixty Sprage-Dawely rats were divided randomly into 4 groups. Fifteen bisected arteries (one from each animal) in Group I, II, III and IV were sutured with the simple interrupted suture, continuous suture, sleeve suture and cuff suture, respectively. The anastomosis times in Group I, II, III and IV were 28.67, 14.67, 15.47 and 15.93 min, respectively. Immediate bleeding that stopped without intervention (grade I) was observed in 67%, 73% and 60% of the anastomosed vessels in Groups II, III and IV, respectively, while 60% of the vessels in Group I showed light bleeding that was inhibited by gentile pressure (grade II). All vessels examined appeared to be patent at 5 and 15 min after the anastomosis. On the 7th day postoperatively, the vessels of Group I showed the highest patency rate (93%) compared with Groups II (67%), III (73%) and IV (87%). Moreover, there were more pronounced pathological changes in Group I than in the other groups. These changes included endothelial loss, endothelial proliferation, degeneration and necrosis of the tunica media. Suture materials surrounded by an inflammatory reaction were also observed. In conclusion, the simple interrupted suture is preferable for microvascular anastomosis due to its highest patency rate. The other techniques investigated can be good alternatives because of their short anastomotic time and moderate pathological changes. PMID:17679774

  2. Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome Causing Acute Myocardial Infarction in a Patient Undergoing Coronary-Artery Bypass Grafting

    PubMed Central

    Mandak, Jiri; Lojik, Miroslav; Tuna, Martin; Chek, James Lago

    2012-01-01

    Coronary subclavian steal syndrome with retrograde blood flow in the left internal mammary-coronary bypass graft is a rare but severe complication of cardiac surgery. The authors present a case of a 68-year-old man after coronary-artery bypass grafting using an internal mammary artery. He had been suffering from angina pectoris for the last several years before surgery. The patient was resuscitated at home by emergency medical service because of primary ventricular fibrillation due to an acute myocardial infarction 5 years after surgery. An occlusion of the left subclavian artery with the retrograde blood flow in the left internal mammary coronary bypass was found. This could have been the cause of insufficiency in coronary blood flow and ischemia of the myocardial muscle. The subclavian artery occlusion was successfully treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and implantation of 2 stents. The patient remained free of any symptoms 2 years after this procedure. PMID:22969810

  3. Reduction of myointimal hyperplasia after arterial anastomosis by local injection of transforming growth factor beta3.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Jonathan; Baguneid, Mohammed; Khwaja, Nadeem; Murphy, Michael O; Turner, Neill; Halka, Anatassi; Ferguson, Mark W; Kielty, Cay M; Walker, Michael G

    2006-01-01

    The transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta family of cytokines exerts pleiotropic actions on vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype, proliferation, and extracellular matrix synthesis. This in vivo study assessed the use of TGF-beta3 in attenuating the development of postanastomotic smooth muscle cell proliferation. Under general anesthesia, 10 adult goats underwent transection and reanastomosis of both common carotid arteries. After reanastomosis, one artery was infiltrated with 50 ng of TGF-beta3 in 100 microL of pH buffer around the anastomosis, and the other side was infiltrated with buffer only. After surgery, each animal received 150 mg of aspirin daily. The arteries were explanted after 3 months for histologic examination. Vessel wall thickness surrounding the anastomosis was reduced by 30% after TGF-beta3 treatment compared with placebo (P = .003), with a 20% (P = .002) reduction in cellular content. Although total collagen content was not significantly different between TGF-beta3 and placebo, collagen type VIII content was reduced around the TGF-beta3 anastomoses (P = .011). A reduction in the total elastin content (P = .003) and number of elastic fiber lamellae (P = .042) was found surrounding TGF-beta3-treated anastomoses, but not placebo-treated anastomosis. A 29% increase in vasa vasorum (P = .044) was present around TGF-beta3-treated anastomoses. No differences in inflammatory cell infiltration were seen between sides. Direct subadventitial infiltration of TGF-beta3 immediately after creation of an arterial anastomosis attenuates cell proliferation, with a reduction in elastin and collagen type VIII content and vessel wall thickness.

  4. A simplified two-stitch sleeve technique for arterial anastomosis of cervical heterotopic cardiac transplantation in mice

    PubMed Central

    Fang, Jing; He, Long; Wang, Shi-Qiang; Ma, Ming-Jia; Liu, Hong-Yun; Zhu, Xue-Hai; Zhu, Ping; Wei, Xiang; Wang, Cong-Yi

    2013-01-01

    Although cervical cardiac transplantation is a well recognized useful model in diverse experimental settings, its widespread use, however, has been significantly hampered by the technical challenges relevant to small vessel anastomosis. We herein introduced a simplified two-stitch sleeve technique into arterial anastomosis during the course of cervical cardiac transplantation in mice. Cervical transplantation of allogenic and syngeneic cardiac grafts was conducted to assess the feasibility of this two-stitch sleeve technique in arterial anastomosis. Venous anastomosis was completed by the one-suture end-to-end microsuture technique, while arterial anastomosis was conducted by invaginating the recipient right common carotid artery into the graft left common carotid artery along with two guiding stitches. The two-stitch sleeve technique significantly simplified the procedures for arterial anastomosis as compared with that of the traditional microsuture technique (5.5 ± 1.8 min vs. 15.7 ± 3.0 min). However, the survival time for allografts (8.0 ± 0.2 day vs. 8.0 ± 0.4 day) and the long-term patency for syngeneic grafts (> 120 days) were the same as the grafts implanted by the traditional microsuture technique. This simplified sleeve technique is easy to learn, particularly for beginners without microsuture experience, and therefore, it has the great potential for widespread use in transplant immunology. PMID:23977411

  5. Longitudinal Contraction Venoplasty in Prevention of Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis After Free Flap Vascular Anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Gong, Zhao-Jian; Chen, Yan-Rong; Wang, Kai; Zhang, Sheng; Ren, Zhen-Hu; Wu, Han-Jiang

    2016-06-01

    The vascular anastomosis of free flap with the internal jugular vein stump is susceptible to thrombosis, thus resulting in flap compromise or failure. This study aims to explore the method of longitudinal contraction venoplasty in the prevention of internal jugular vein stump thrombosis after free flap vascular anastomosis and its feasibility. A retrospective review was performed of 16 patients who underwent internal jugular vein resection because of cancer ablation and longitudinal contraction venoplasty to prevent internal jugular vein stump thrombosis after free flap vascular anastomosis from January 2013 through December 2014 at Second Xiangya Hospital. The methods for longitudinal contraction venoplasty and its efficacy are reported. Venous anastomosis of all flaps was performed with the internal jugular vein stump, and single venous anastomosis was made in all cases. Postoperatively, all flaps survived completely, without vascular compromise. All the patients were followed for approximately 9 to 33 months, and they were satisfied with the esthetic and functional results of the donor and recipient sites after reconstruction. Longitudinal contraction venoplasty may be an effective new method for prevention of internal jugular vein thrombosis after free flap vascular anastomosis. Copyright © 2016 The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Coronary artery bypass grafting hemodynamics and anastomosis design: a biomedical engineering review

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, coronary arterial bypass grafting hemodynamics and anastomosis designs are reviewed. The paper specifically addresses the biomechanical factors for enhancement of the patency of coronary artery bypass grafts (CABGs). Stenosis of distal anastomosis, caused by thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia (IH), is the major cause of failure of CABGs. Strong correlations have been established between the hemodynamics and vessel wall biomechanical factors and the initiation and development of IH and thrombus formation. Accordingly, several investigations have been conducted and numerous anastomotic geometries and devices have been designed to better regulate the blood flow fields and distribution of hemodynamic parameters and biomechanical factors at the distal anastomosis, in order to enhance the patency of CABGs. Enhancement of longevity and patency rate of CABGs can eliminate the need for re-operation and can significantly lower morbidity, and thereby reduces medical costs for patients suffering from coronary stenosis. This invited review focuses on various endeavors made thus far to design a patency-enhancing optimized anastomotic configuration for the distal junction of CABGs. PMID:24330653

  7. Coronary artery bypass grafting hemodynamics and anastomosis design: a biomedical engineering review.

    PubMed

    Ghista, Dhanjoo N; Kabinejadian, Foad

    2013-12-13

    In this paper, coronary arterial bypass grafting hemodynamics and anastomosis designs are reviewed. The paper specifically addresses the biomechanical factors for enhancement of the patency of coronary artery bypass grafts (CABGs). Stenosis of distal anastomosis, caused by thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia (IH), is the major cause of failure of CABGs. Strong correlations have been established between the hemodynamics and vessel wall biomechanical factors and the initiation and development of IH and thrombus formation. Accordingly, several investigations have been conducted and numerous anastomotic geometries and devices have been designed to better regulate the blood flow fields and distribution of hemodynamic parameters and biomechanical factors at the distal anastomosis, in order to enhance the patency of CABGs. Enhancement of longevity and patency rate of CABGs can eliminate the need for re-operation and can significantly lower morbidity, and thereby reduces medical costs for patients suffering from coronary stenosis. This invited review focuses on various endeavors made thus far to design a patency-enhancing optimized anastomotic configuration for the distal junction of CABGs.

  8. Simulation in coronary artery anastomosis early in cardiothoracic surgical residency training: The Boot Camp experience

    PubMed Central

    Fann, James I.; Calhoon, John H.; Carpenter, Andrea J.; Merrill, Walter H.; Brown, John W.; Poston, Robert S.; Kalani, Maziyar; Murray, Gordon F.; Hicks, George L.; Feins, Richard H.

    2014-01-01

    Objective We evaluated focused training in coronary artery anastomosis with a porcine heart model and portable task station. Methods At “Boot Camp,” 33 first-year cardiothoracic surgical residents participated in 4-hour coronary anastomosis sessions (6–7 attending surgeons per group of 8–9 residents). At beginning, midpoint, and session end, anastomosis components were assessed on a 3-point rating scale (1 good, 2 average, 3 below average). Performances were video recorded and reviewed by 3 surgeons in a blinded fashion. Participants completed questionnaires at session end, with follow-up surveys at 6 months. Results Ten to 18 end-to-side anastomoses with porcine model and task station were performed. Initial assessments ranged from 2.11 ± 0.58 (forceps use) to 2.44 ± 0.48 (needle angles). Midpoint scores ranged from 1.76 ± 0.63 (forceps use) to 1.91 ± 0.49 (needle angles). Session end scores ranged from 1.29 ± 0.45 (needle holder use) to 1.58 ± 0.50 (needle transfer and suture management and tension; P < .001). Video recordings confirmed improved performance (interrater reliability > 0.5). All respondents agreed that task station and porcine model were good methods of training. At 6 months, respondents noted that the anastomosis session provided a basis for training; however, only slightly more than half continued to practice outside the operating room. Conclusions Four-hour focused training with porcine model and task station resulted in improved ability to perform anastomoses. Boot Camp may be useful in preparing residents for coronary anastomosis in the clinical setting, but emphasis on simulation development and deliberate practice is necessary. PMID:19846125

  9. Simulation in coronary artery anastomosis early in cardiothoracic surgical residency training: the Boot Camp experience.

    PubMed

    Fann, James I; Calhoon, John H; Carpenter, Andrea J; Merrill, Walter H; Brown, John W; Poston, Robert S; Kalani, Maziyar; Murray, Gordon F; Hicks, George L; Feins, Richard H

    2010-05-01

    We evaluated focused training in coronary artery anastomosis with a porcine heart model and portable task station. At "Boot Camp," 33 first-year cardiothoracic surgical residents participated in 4-hour coronary anastomosis sessions (6-7 attending surgeons per group of 8-9 residents). At beginning, midpoint, and session end, anastomosis components were assessed on a 3-point rating scale (1 good, 2 average, 3 below average). Performances were video recorded and reviewed by 3 surgeons in a blinded fashion. Participants completed questionnaires at session end, with follow-up surveys at 6 months. Ten to 18 end-to-side anastomoses with porcine model and task station were performed. Initial assessments ranged from 2.11 +/- 0.58 (forceps use) to 2.44 +/- 0.48 (needle angles). Midpoint scores ranged from 1.76 +/- 0.63 (forceps use) to 1.91 +/- 0.49 (needle angles). Session end scores ranged from 1.29 +/- 0.45 (needle holder use) to 1.58 +/- 0.50 (needle transfer and suture management and tension; P < .001). Video recordings confirmed improved performance (interrater reliability >0.5). All respondents agreed that task station and porcine model were good methods of training. At 6 months, respondents noted that the anastomosis session provided a basis for training; however, only slightly more than half continued to practice outside the operating room. Four-hour focused training with porcine model and task station resulted in improved ability to perform anastomoses. Boot Camp may be useful in preparing residents for coronary anastomosis in the clinical setting, but emphasis on simulation development and deliberate practice is necessary. Published by Mosby, Inc.

  10. The efficacy of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis in patients with moyamoya disease complaining of severe headache.

    PubMed

    Okada, Yoshikazu; Kawamata, Takakazu; Kawashima, Akitsugu; Yamaguchi, Kohji; Ono, Yuko; Hori, Tomokatsu

    2012-03-01

    Some patients with moyamoya disease complain of severe headache, which may be closely related to cerebral ischemia. The efficacy of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis in these patients was evaluated by clinicoradiological studies. Of 117 consecutive patients with ischemic moyamoya disease, 25 complained mainly of severe headache (headache group) and 92 had no significant headache (nonheadache group). Intensity of headache was evaluated pre- and postoperatively. Furthermore, regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) were assessed pre- and postoperatively. The headache group was significantly younger than the nonheadache group. In a group corrected for the age distribution, preoperative rCBF and CVR were similar in headache and nonheadache groups. After STA-MCA anastomosis, 16 patients with headache experienced complete relief from headache, 7 patients showed remarkable improvements and discontinued medications for headache, and the remaining 2 patients had some alleviation of headache but sometimes required medication. In the headache group, the postoperative rCBF was significantly greater than the preoperative value. The postoperative rCBF in this group was also significantly greater than the postoperative rCBF in the nonheadache group. These data suggest that severe headache is one of the main symptoms in young patients with moyamoya disease probably related to cerebral circulatory disturbances. An STA-MCA anastomosis is effective in relieving headache in patients with ischemic moyamoya disease manifesting severe headache, probably by improving perfusion pressure and cerebral circulation.

  11. Internal mammary artery.

    PubMed

    Calafiore, Antonio M; Weltert, Luca; Mauro, Michele Di; Actis-Dato, Guglielmo; Iacò, Angela L; Centofanti, Paolo; Torre, Michele La; Patanè, Francesco

    2005-01-01

    The internal mammary artery (IMA) has been already used in some pioneering experiences since the middle of last century but it became the graft of choice only in the 1980s, after widespread angiographic and clinical demonstration of its superiority over the saphenous vein graft (SVG). The use of both mammary arteries was then explored in order to achieve better long-term results when compared to single IMA and SVG. The IMA can be harvested pedicled or skeletonized and used as an in situ graft or as a source for composite graft (Y-graft, lengthened graft). When the bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) is grafted in situ, the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) is generally used for the left descending artery (LAD) and the RIMA for the right coronary artery (RCA), or for the lateral wall, usually going through the transverse sinus. In the case of Y-graft, the left coronary system is more frequently chosen as the target site of revascularization. Our experience shows that: (1) The use of IMA provides better 15-year clinical results when compared to SVG. (2) The use of BIMA in patients younger than 75 years can produce higher 10-year freedom from cardiac-related events than the single one, even in diabetic patients.

  12. [Current problems in coronary artery surgery: new methods of myocardial revascularization and vascular anastomosis].

    PubMed

    Masayoshi, O; Kazuta, S; Hiroyuki, H; Hiroshi, I; Kunio, O; Shozo, M; Kazuo, N

    1985-09-01

    Recently, aortocoronary bypass for the patients with ischemic heart disease has been widely performed and excellent operative results have been obtained in Japan. But, there are some problems in coronary artery surgery for the patients with small coronary artery or multiple stenoses of the coronary arteries. For the purpose to resolve of these problems, operative transluminal angioplasty and onlay patch grafting have been routinely done for severely ill cases, and good patency rate of bypass grafts has been confirmed by postoperative angiography in our clinic. Another problem is alternative surgical treatment for these patients whom A-C bypass could not be done, because of diffuse stenosis of the coronary arteries. As a new method of myocardial revascularization for such cases, arterialization of the coronary venous system (Ao-CS bypass, or Ao-LADV bypass) was experimentally performed. Subsequently, improvements of hemodynamics and blood gas analysis during the bypass were obviously recognized in the latter group. Besides, transmyocardial punctures were created by CO2 Laser (output: 60-90 W, irradiation time: 0.15-0.25 sec) in the ischemic myocardium. Newly created myocardial channels were microscopically studied from the stand points of tissue reaction and patency rate. Subsequently, tinned layers of carbonization and coagulation necrosis were observed in the channels and they disappeared gradually, and long-term patency of the channels could be apparently expected from these findings. On the other hand, vascular anastomosis (side-to-side, end-to-end, and end-to-side) by low energy CO2 Laser was experimentally done in which good healing at the site of anastomosis could be microscopically observed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  13. Evidence of nitric oxide produced by the internal mammary artery graft in venous drainage of the recipient coronary artery.

    PubMed

    Tarr, Ferenc I; Sasvári, Mária; Tarr, Márton; Rácz, Rozália

    2005-11-01

    The endothelium of the internal mammary artery produces nitric oxide in greater quantity than other vessels employed in revascularization of the ischemic myocardium. The aim of this study was to measure the concentration of stable metabolite (nitrite) of the endothelium-derived nitric oxide in the venous drainage (anterior interventricular vein) of the recipient coronary artery, which was the left anterior descending branch. The sampling was carried out before and after anastomosis completion. Nitrite levels in the anterior interventricular vein, before and after anastomosis completion, in the left internal mammary artery free flow, and in the subclavian vein were measured. Fluroscopy after 4-hydroxycoumarin nitrozation was utilized to measure nitrite content of blood samples in 50 consecutive, partly heparinized patients undergoing off-pump coronary bypass surgery. Nitrate content of all samples was removed by Cadmium pearls. One hundred and sixty-four samples taken from 41 patients were feasable to analyze. A significant increase of nitric oxide (nitrite) level was found in the anterior interventricular vein, when comparing concentrations measured before and after the anastomosis between the left internal mammary artery and the left anterior descending artery. Mean values in the anterior inteventricular vein before and after anastomosis completion were as follows: 44.8 microMol (SD 4.9) and 70.7 microMol (SD 8.1), respectively. The increased production of nitric oxide by the internal mammary arterial graft may provide a perpetual vasodilatory response and partially protect the distal coronary vessel from atherosclerosis.

  14. Association between an aplastic basilar artery, unaccompanied by a primitive carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis, and multiple aneurysms on the dominant posterior communicating artery.

    PubMed

    Behari, Sanjay; Krishna, Himanshu; Kumar, Marakani V Kiran; Sawlani, Vijay; Phadke, Rajendra V; Jain, Vijendra K

    2004-05-01

    Basilar artery (BA) aplasia when unaccompanied by a primitive carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis is exceedingly rare. The association of BA aplasia with two aneurysms on the dominant posterior communicating artery (PCoA) has not been previously reported. This 40-year-old man presented in a state of drowsiness and responded to simple commands only after being coaxed. He had complete left cranial third nerve palsy, right hemiparesis, and persisting signs of meningeal irritation. A computerized tomography (CT) scan revealed subarachnoid and intraventricular hemorrhage. An angiogram revealed BA aplasia. The right PCoA followed a sinuous course with multiple loops and provided the dominant supply to the posterior circulation. This vessel harbored two aneurysms, one at the origin of the PCoA from the internal carotid artery and the other at the looping segment just proximal to the brainstem. The left PCoA was extremely thin. The pterional transsylvian approach was used to clip the two aneurysms on the PCoA. The hemodynamic changes produced by the BA aplasia may have produced alterations in the cerebral vasculature leading to aneurysm formation and consequent subarachnoid hemorrhage.

  15. Vein and artery growth after anastomosis with vascular closure staple clips vs interrupted polypropylene suture: application in pediatric vascular surgery.

    PubMed

    Calles-Vázquez, M del Carmen; Viguera, Francisco Javier; Sun, Fei; Usón, Jesús M; Usón, Jesús

    2005-09-01

    Alternatives are still being sought in vascular surgery to address the problem of arrested growth after anastomosis in growing vessels, and opinions differ widely regarding the most suitable technique. This study compared vascular growth and permeability after anastomosis using the latest-generation vascular closure staple (VCS) system and the conventional suture technique to ascertain which approach yielded better results. Thirty 55-day-old lambs underwent end-to-end anastomosis of the carotid artery and jugular vein. Serial ultrasonography and angiography were carried out over the ensuing 6-month growth period, after which lambs were euthanized. Both VCS clips and polypropylene suture allowed longitudinal and transverse vessel growth; however, longitudinal growth was significantly greater in clip-closed vessels than in either sutured or untreated vessels. The results obtained for vascular growth and permeability suggest that VCS clips may provide a suitable alternative to conventional suture in pediatric vascular surgery.

  16. Treatment of distal splenic artery aneurysm by laparoscopic aneurysmectomy with end-to-end anastomosis: A case report.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yuhua; Liu, Zhenjie; Shen, Guoliang; Zhang, Jungang; Assa, Carmel Rebecca; Hong, Defei

    2017-05-01

    Splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) is the most common visceral artery aneurysm, while most SAAs are treated by endovascular or open procedures. Here we present a case of SAA treated by laparoscopic aneurysmectomy with end-to-end anastomosis. A 40-year-old woman was incidentally found to have an asymptomatic distal SAA. CT scan revealed the SAA to be located at the hilum of the spleen, with a maximal diameter of 2.7 cm. To prevent sudden rupture, the patient received laparoscopic aneurysmectomy. During the operation, end-to-end anastomosis was also performed since a tortuous proximal splenic artery prevented delivery of the stent graft. The patient was ambulated 12 hours after surgery and discharged 5 days later. Postoperative recovery was smooth without hemorrhage, infarction, infection, or splenic artery thrombosis. At 10-month follow-up,no hemorrhage, aneurysm recurrence, spleen infarction, splenic artery stenosis, or thrombosis had occurred. Patients with distal SAA can be treated by laparoscopic aneurysmectomy with end-to-end anastomosis to preserve the spleen. The laparoscopic procedure is safe and feasible in the selected patients.

  17. The modification of the new type of end-to-side anastomosis between carotid arteries in rats: a technical and scanning electron microscopic study.

    PubMed

    Imer, M; Okar, T; Cobanoğlu, S; Kayapinar, R; Memiş, M; Hepgül, K; Kutlu, K

    1996-01-01

    Modification of a type of end-to-side anastomosis that has been described before is studied. The recipient artery is occluded for only 3-4 minutes to complete the anastomosis by using only the running suture. The anastomotic site was studied by inspection and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) at different times after the operation on 30 rats.

  18. Adult Mouse Venous Hypertension Model: Common Carotid Artery to External Jugular Vein Anastomosis.

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Shun-Tai; Rodriguez-Hernandez, Ana; Walker, Espen J.; Young, William L.; Su, Hua; Lawton, Michael T.

    2015-01-01

    The understanding of the pathophysiology of brain arteriovenous malformations and arteriovenous fistulas has improved thanks to animal models. A rat model creating an artificial fistula between the common carotid artery (CCA) and the external jugular vein (EJV) has been widely described and proved technically feasible. This construct provokes a consistent cerebral venous hypertension (CVH), and therefore has helped studying the contribution of venous hypertension to formation, clinical symptoms, and prognosis of brain AVMs and dural AVFs. Equivalent mice models have been only scarcely described and have shown trouble with stenosis of the fistula. An established murine model would allow the study of not only pathophysiology but also potential genetic therapies for these cerebrovascular diseases. We present a model of arteriovenous fistula that produces a durable intracranial venous hypertension in the mouse. Microsurgical anastomosis of the murine CCA and EJV can be difficult due to diminutive anatomy and frequently result in a non-patent fistula. In this step-by-step protocol we address all the important challenges encountered during this procedure. Avoiding excessive retraction of the vein during the exposure, using 11-0 sutures instead of 10-0, and making a carefully planned end-to-side anastomosis are some of the critical steps. Although this method requires advanced microsurgical skills and a longer learning curve that the equivalent in the rat, it can be consistently developed. This novel model has been designed to integrate transgenic mouse techniques with a previously well-established experimental system that has proved useful to study brain AVMs and dural AVFs. By opening the possibility of using transgenic mice, a broader spectrum of valid models can be achieved and genetic treatments can also be tested. The experimental construct could also be further adapted to the study of other cerebrovascular diseases related with venous hypertension such as migraine

  19. Calcification of arteries supplying the gastric tube increases the risk of anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Liang; Zhao, Gefei; Li, Jiagen; Qu, Bin; Shi, Susheng; Feng, Xiaoli; Feng, Hao; Jiang, Jun

    2016-01-01

    Background Anastomotic leak is an important cause of morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer patients. Calcification of the arteries supplying the gastric tube has been found to be associated with leakage after esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis in Europeans. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between calcifications of the supplying arteries of the gastric tube and the occurrence of anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis in Chinese patients with esophageal cancer. Methods The demographic, clinical, and pathological features as well as the vascular calcification of arteries of 709 esophageal cancer patients who had undergone esophagectomies with cervical anastomosis were analyzed. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify the association between the postoperative anastomotic leakage and calcifications of the arteries supplying the gastric tube. Results Among the 709 patients, 122 (17.2%) had developed anastomotic leakage. Thirty-day mortality and length of hospital stay were higher for patients with anastomotic leakage. Upper digestive tract ulcer, peripheral vascular disease, renal insufficiency, American society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) risk class, and calcifications of aorta and celiac axis were found to be independent risk factors for the anastomotic leakage. Conclusions Calcification of the aorta and celiac axis that supply the gastric tube is an independent risk factor for cervical anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy in Chinese esophageal cancer patients. PMID:28149549

  20. Controlled continuous systemic heparinization increases success rate of artery-only anastomosis replantation in single distal digit amputation

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jun Yong; Kim, Hak Soo; Heo, Sang Taek; Kwon, Ho; Jung, Sung-No

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Replantation is a prime indication for distal digital amputation, as it helps restore hand aesthetics and functions; however, venous anastomosis is often not feasible. Previous studies used systemic anticoagulation in distal digital artery only anastomosis replantation surgery to improve replantation success rate, however, which yielded limited level of clinical evidence. This study aimed to compare controlled continuous heparinization (CCH) and intermittent bolus heparinization (IBH) for surgical outcome and clinical variables after single distal digital artery only anastomosis replantation surgery. A single-institution, retrospective cohort study was performed. Out of 324 patients who underwent digital replantation surgery, we focused the study for the Zone I and II single distal digital amputation patients excluding confounding factors. Sixty-one patients were included in this study and underwent artery-only anastomosis replantation surgery with postoperative CCH (34 patients) or IBH (27 patients) protocols. The CCH group targeted activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) at 51 to 70 seconds, monitoring aPTT levels every eight hours and administering 100 mg of aspirin per day. The IBH group received 300 mg of aspirin per day and underwent IBH (12,500 U). Both groups received intravenous prostaglandin E1 drips (10 μg). To verify the factors affecting the success rate of the heparin protocol, patient factors, clinical factors, and operative factors were extracted from the medical records. Statistical analysis with inverse probability of treatment weights propensity score methods compared treatment outcomes and clinical variables. The CCH group's replantation success rate was higher (91.17% vs 59.25%), and the transfusion rate was increased (P = 0.032). However, the significant decrease in hemoglobin levels (>15%) did not differ between the groups (P = 0.108). Multivariable logistic regression analysis with potent univariate variables (P

  1. [DESCRIPTION OF A RETROPERITONEAL ACCESS ROUTE TO THE VESSELS OF THE SPLEEN FOR SPLENORENAL ARTERIAL AND VENOUS ANASTOMOSIS].

    PubMed

    Gil-Vernet Vila, José María

    2014-01-01

    To perform arterial or venous spleno-renal anastomoses, surgeons have so far systematically used the transperitoneal way whic is burdened by a high mortality an morbility percentage. On the basis of anatomo-surgical considerations, a retroperitoneal approach has been found reaching the hilus of the spleen via the lumbar region; the first arterial spleno-renal anastomosis by this way was performed in 1972 and the first venous spleno-renal anastomosis due to portal hipertension also by this way was performed in 1974, the alter proving to be the least aggresive by avoiding damaging the páncreas, the most surgical and direct for reaching the splenic vessels thereby enabling a better exposure and an easier performing of the anastomoses. By being retroperitoneal, the loss or infección of the ascitic liquid in the cirrhotic patient is prevented.

  2. Giant serpentine aneurysm arising from the middle cerebral artery successfully treated with trapping and anastomosis: case report.

    PubMed

    Abiko, Masaru; Ikawa, Fusao; Ohbayashi, Naohiko; Mitsuhara, Takafumi; Nosaka, Ryo; Inagawa, Tetsuji

    2009-02-01

    A 56-year-old man presented with a giant serpentine aneurysm arising from the middle cerebral artery (MCA) manifesting as right hemiparesis and motor aphasia. Magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography identified the giant serpentine aneurysm arising from the MCA. The patient was treated surgically. Temporary clipping of the distal channel induced thrombosis in the vascular channel, and the thrombosis was aspirated with an ultrasonic suction device after superficial temporal artery-MCA anastomosis. This case shows that initial occlusion of the distal channel is effective to treat giant serpentine aneurysm.

  3. Endothoracic papaverine application for internal thoracic artery harvest.

    PubMed

    Bahcivan, Muzaffer; Kolbakir, Fersat; Karamustafa, Hakan; Keceligil, H Tahsin

    2007-06-01

    This study compared the effects of different methods of papaverine application on free blood flow and harvesting time of the internal thoracic artery for coronary bypass grafting. Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups of 25 each: group 1 had papaverine injected into the endothoracic tissue around the internal thoracic artery before dissection, group 2 had papaverine injected into the periarterial tissues of the internal thoracic artery pedicle, and group 3 had intraluminal papaverine applied retrogradely into the internal thoracic artery. Mean blood flow was 56.3 +/- 21.3, 21.1 +/- 13.2, and 20.9 +/- 9.1 mL x min(-1) in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively, immediately after harvesting. Flow in group 1 was significantly better than that in groups 2 and 3. Immediately before anastomosis, mean flow was 89.8 +/- 19.1, 97.6 +/- 35.4, and 95.9 +/- 19.9 mL x min(-1) in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively, with no significant difference among groups. Internal thoracic artery harvesting times were shorter in group 1 than in groups 2 and 3. Administering papaverine into the endothoracic fascia of the internal thoracic artery bed prior to dissection is a reliable method that facilitates rapid harvesting of the graft without causing trauma and consequent spasm.

  4. The surgical anatomy of the blood supply to the femoral head: description of the anastomosis between the medial femoral circumflex and inferior gluteal arteries at the hip.

    PubMed

    Grose, A W; Gardner, M J; Sussmann, P S; Helfet, D L; Lorich, D G

    2008-10-01

    The inferior gluteal artery is described in standard anatomy textbooks as contributing to the blood supply of the hip through an anastomosis with the medial femoral circumflex artery. The site(s) of the anastomosis has not been described previously. We undertook an injection study to define the anastomotic connections between these two arteries and to determine whether the inferior gluteal artery could supply the lateral epiphyseal arteries alone. From eight fresh-frozen cadaver pelvic specimens we were able to inject the vessels in 14 hips with latex moulding compound through either the medial femoral circumflex artery or the inferior gluteal artery. Injected vessels around the hip were then carefully exposed and documented photographically. In seven of the eight specimens a clear anastomosis was shown between the two arteries adjacent to the tendon of obturator externus. The terminal vessel arising from this anastomosis was noted to pass directly beneath the posterior capsule of the hip before ascending the superior aspect of the femoral neck and terminating in the lateral epiphyseal vessels. At no point was the terminal vessel found between the capsule and the conjoined tendon. The medial femoral circumflex artery receives a direct supply from the inferior gluteal artery immediately before passing beneath the capsule of the hip. Detailed knowledge of this anatomy may help to explain the development of avascular necrosis after hip trauma, as well as to allow additional safe surgical exposure of the femoral neck and head.

  5. The effect of supplemental oxygen on the transarterial wall oxygen gradients at a prosthetic vascular graft to artery anastomosis in the rabbit.

    PubMed

    Santilli, S M; Wernsing, S E; Lee, E S

    2001-07-01

    Artery wall hypoxia has been proposed to contribute to many kinds of artery wall pathology, including atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of supplemental oxygen on the transarterial wall oxygen gradients at a prosthetic vascular device (PVG)-to-artery anastomosis. The transarterial wall oxygen gradient in the infrarenal aorta of New Zealand White rabbits housed for 42 days in a 40% supplemental oxygen was measured with an oxygen microelectrode 2 mm distal to a PVG-to-artery anastomosis. Oxygen tensions were significantly increased throughout the artery wall at all time points in the supplemental oxygen groups compared to those in non-oxygen-supplemented groups. Within the oxygen-supplemented groups, the outer artery wall had diminished oxygen tensions immediately following creation of the anastomosis, with a slow return to control oxygen tensions on postanastomosis day 42 which correlated with a return of the vasa vasorum. These changes were noted without differences in blood pressure or arterial blood oxygen concentrations within the oxygen-supplemented group. Artery wall hypoxia noted following the creation of a PVG-to-artery anastomosis can be eliminated and artery wall oxygen tensions significantly increased by the administration of supplemental oxygen.

  6. Long term follow up results of sequential left internal thoracic artery grafts on severe left anterior descending artery disease

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Purpose Several alternative procedures have been proposed to achieve complete revascularization in the presence of diffuse left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) disease. With the extensive use of internal thoracic artery grafts in coronary artery bypass procedures, sequential anastomosis of the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) to LAD has gained popularity in these challenging cases. The long term results of sequential LITA to LAD anstomosis were examined in this study. Patients and Methods In order to determine the long term results of the sequential revascularization of LAD by LITA graft, 41 out of 49 patients operated between January 2001 and December 2005 were selected for control coronary arteriography. The median period for control coronary arteriography was 64 months. Results Seventy five anastomoses were found to be fully patent (91,46%) among the 82 sequential LITA anastomoses (41 LITA grafts) on the LAD at a median follow-up period of 64 months (53 to 123 months). Among the 41 LITA grafts used for this purpose, 36 were found intact (complete patency of the proximal and distal anastomoses) (87,8%). Two LITA grafts (4 anastomoses) were found to be totally occluded (4,87%). The proximal anastomosis of the LITA graft was observed to be 90% stenotic in one patient (1,21%). In one patient tight stenosis of the distal anastomosis line was observed (1,21%), while in another patient 70% narrowing of LITA lumen after the proximal anastomosis was detected (1,21%). Conclusion We strongly beleive that sequential LITA grafting of LAD is a safe alternative in the presence of severe LAD disease to achieve complete revascularization of the anterior myocardium with patency rates not much differing from conventional single LITA to LAD anastomosis. PMID:20958964

  7. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome as a complication of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Report of a case.

    PubMed

    Goes, R N; Coy, C S; Amaral, C A; Fagundes, J J; Medeiros, R R

    1995-05-01

    Duodenal compression by the superior mesenteric artery following total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is a rare occurrence. Previous surgical treatment involved duodenal division. The aim of this report was to describe a case with such a complication and to discuss an operative alternative. Case report. Mobilization of the duodenum from its retroperitoneal attachments, without transection and reanastomosis, allowed the free passage of gas through the duodenum and recovery for the patient. This case report suggests that a more conservative approach may be successful in managing this complication.

  8. Immediate breast reconstruction using the free lumbar artery perforator flap and lateral thoracic vein interposition graft for recipient lateral thoracic artery anastomosis

    PubMed Central

    Satake, Toshihiko; Nakasone, Reiko; Kobayashi, Shinji; Maegawa, Jiro

    2016-01-01

    The lumbar artery perforator (LAP) flap, which contains excess skin and fat tissue, love handles, that extends from the lower back to upper buttock, may provide an alternate tissue source for autologous breast reconstruction. However, LAP flap use during this procedure frequently requires vessel interposition grafts to correct the short flap pedicle length and mismatched recipient vessel calibre. A 46-year-old patient underwent a right nipple-sparing mastectomy using a lateral approach for ductal carcinoma in situ and immediate LAP flap breast reconstruction. The lateral thoracic vessel served as the recipient vessel, and a lateral thoracic vein interposition graft from the distal remnant was performed to adjust the arterial length and size discrepancy between the recipient lateral thoracic artery and pedicle artery. This procedure facilitates microsurgical anastomosis and medialisation of LAP flap to make a natural decollete line and create a cleavage for the reconstructed breast. PMID:27274129

  9. Flow and wall shear stress in end-to-side and side-to-side anastomosis of venous coronary artery bypass grafts

    PubMed Central

    Frauenfelder, Thomas; Boutsianis, Evangelos; Schertler, Thomas; Husmann, Lars; Leschka, Sebastian; Poulikakos, Dimos; Marincek, Borut; Alkadhi, Hatem

    2007-01-01

    Purpose Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery represents the standard treatment of advanced coronary artery disease. Two major types of anastomosis exist to connect the graft to the coronary artery, i.e., by using an end-to-side or a side-to-side anastomosis. There is still controversy because of the differences in the patency rates of the two types of anastomosis. The purpose of this paper is to non-invasively quantify hemodynamic parameters, such as mass flow and wall shear stress (WSS), in end-to-side and side-to-side anastomoses of patients with CABG using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Methods One patient with saphenous CABG and end-to-side anastomosis and one patient with saphenous CABG and side-to-side anastomosis underwent 16-detector row computed tomography (CT). Geometric models of coronary arteries and bypasses were reconstructed for CFD analysis. Blood flow was considered pulsatile, laminar, incompressible and Newtonian. Peri-anastomotic mass flow and WSS were quantified and flow patterns visualized. Results CFD analysis based on in-vivo CT coronary angiography data was feasible in both patients. For both types of CABG, flow patterns were characterized by a retrograde flow into the native coronary artery. WSS variations were found in both anastomoses types, with highest WSS values at the heel and lowest WSS values at the floor of the end-to-side anastomosis. In contrast, the highest WSS values of the side-to-side anastomosis configuration were found in stenotic vessel segments and not in the close vicinity of the anastomosis. Flow stagnation zones were found in end-to-side but not in side-to-side anastomosis, the latter also demonstrating a smoother stream division throughout the cardiac cycle. Conclusion CFD analysis of venous CABG based on in-vivo CT datasets in patients was feasible producing qualitative and quantitative information on mass flow and WSS. Differences were found between the two types of anastomosis warranting further

  10. Fingertip replantation at or distal to the nail base: use of the technique of artery-only anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Akyürek, M; Safak, T; Keçik, A

    2001-06-01

    The authors describe the functional and aesthetic results of microsurgical replantation of 21 fingertip amputations at or distal to the nail base-namely, zone I amputations. There were 15 male and 6 female patients, with an average age of 26 years (age range, 1-41 years). Replantations were performed using the anastomosis of the artery-only technique, with neither vein nor nerve repair. Venous drainage was provided by an external bleeding method with a fish-mouth incision in "distal" zone I amputations for approximately 7 days, and by the use of leeches in more "proximal" zone I amputations for 10 to 12 days. Results indicated that the overall survival rate was 76%, with 16 of 21 digits surviving. Sensory evaluation at an average follow-up of 12 months (range, 6-18 months) revealed an average static two-point discrimination of 6.1 mm (range, 2.0-8.0 mm). Considering the unfavorable results and the donor site morbidity of various fingertip reconstructions, a microsurgical fingertip replantation should always be considered except in extremely distal, clean-cut, pediatric cases, in which case a composite graft is a possibility. The results of this series indicate that an amputated fingertip in zone I can be salvaged successfully by microvascular anastomosis of the artery only, with a nonmicrosurgical method of venous drainage. Furthermore, acceptable sensory recovery can be expected without any nerve coaptation.

  11. Postoperative internal thoracic artery spasm after coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Harskamp, Ralf E; McNeil, Jeffrey D; van Ginkel, Margreet W; Bastos, Renata B; Baisden, Clinton E; Calhoon, John H

    2008-02-01

    Spasm of the left internal thoracic artery in the perioperative period represents a life-threatening complication after coronary artery bypass grafting. We present a case in which graft spasm was treated with the administration of intra-arterial nitroglycerin and verapamil. Although vasospasm is more often seen in radial artery grafts, this case demonstrates that left internal thoracic artery grafts are also prone to spasm.

  12. A randomized, controlled, prospective trial to evaluate the haemostatic effect of Lyostypt versus Surgicel in arterial bypass anastomosis: "COBBANA" trial

    PubMed Central

    Baumann, Petra; Schumacher, Hardy; Hüsing, Johannes; Luntz, Steffen; Knaebel, Hanns-Peter

    2009-01-01

    Background The development of suture hole bleeding at peripheral arterial bypass anastomoses using PTFE graft prostheses is a common problem in peripheral vascular surgery. Traditionally the problem is managed by compression with surgical swabs and reversal heparin or by using several haemostatic device (e.g. different forms of collagen, oxidized cellulose, gelatine sponge, ethylcyanoacrylate glue or fibrin) with various success. Preclinical data suggest that the haemostatic effect of collagen is stronger than that of oxidized cellulose, but no direct clinical comparison of their hemostatic performance has been published so far. Design This randomized, controlled, prospective trial evaluates the haemostatic effect of Lyostypt versus Surgicel in arterial bypass anastomosis. 28 patients undergoing an elective peripheral vascular reconstruction due to peripheral vascular disease will be included. Suture hole bleeding occurring at the arterial bypass anastomosis using a PTFE prostheses will be stopped by the application of Lyostypt and/or Surgicel. The proximal anastomoses will be randomized intraoperatively. The patients will be allocated into 4 different treatment groups. Group1 Lyostypt distal/Surgicel proximal; Group 2: Lyostypt proximal/Surgicel distal; Group 3: Surgicel distal and proximal; Group 4: Lyostypt distal and proximal. Primary endpoint of the study is time to haemostasis. Secondary endpoints are the number of intraoperatively used haemostatic devices, postoperative mortality within 30 days as well as the intraoperative efficacy rating of the two devices evaluated by the surgeon. As a safety secondary parameter, the local and general complication occurring till 30 ± 10 days postoperatively will also be analysed. After hospital discharge the investigator will examine the enrolled patients again at 30 days after surgery. Discussion The COBBANA trial aims to assess, whether the haemostatic effect of Lyostypt is superior to Surgicel in suture hole bleedings

  13. Bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    The effectiveness of the left internal mammary artery graft to the anterior descending coronary artery as a surgical strategy has been shown to improve the survival rate and decrease the risk of adverse cardiac events in patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. These clinical benefits appear to be related to the superior short and long-term patency rates of the internal thoracic artery graft. Although the advantages of using of both internal thoracic arteries (ITA) for bypass grafting have taken longer to prove, recent results from multiple data sets now support these findings. The major advantage of bilateral ITA grafting appears to be improved survival rate, while the disadvantages of complex ITA grafting include the increased complexity of operation, and an increased risk of wound complications. While these short-term disadvantages have been mitigated in contemporary surgical practice, they have not eliminated. Bilateral ITA grafting should be considered the procedure of choice for patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery that have a predicted survival rate of longer than ten years. PMID:23977627

  14. Rib-sparing and internal mammary artery-preserving microsurgical breast reconstruction with the free DIEP flap.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hyungsuk; Lim, So-Young; Pyon, Jai-Kyong; Bang, Sa-Ik; Oh, Kap Sung; Lee, Jeong Eon; Nam, Seok Jin; Mun, Goo-Hyun

    2013-03-01

    Using an internal mammary artery as the recipient vessel in a free flap autologous breast reconstruction is common practice, but this vessel is often sacrificed for end-to-end anastomosis and is typically assessed by removing a costal cartilage segment. The authors studied the reliability of the end-to-side arterial anastomosis using a rib-sparing approach by comparing it with end-to-end anastomosis. The authors analyzed 100 consecutive medical records of patients who underwent autologous breast reconstruction with a free deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap in which the internal mammary vessels were assessed using a rib-sparing technique. The study compared the complications between the two groups of end-to-side arterial anastomosis (50 cases) and end-to-end arterial anastomosis (50 cases). Exposure of the internal mammary artery using a rib-sparing technique was performed successfully in all 100 flaps. The second and third intercostal spaces were used in 46 and 54 cases, respectively. The mean width of the used intercostal space was 18.3 ± 2.4 mm in the end-to-side group and 18.3 ± 2.9 mm in the end-to-end group (p = 0.923). All flaps survived without partial or total necrosis. One case of venous insufficiency that required exploration occurred in the end-to-side group; the flap was totally saved with venous revision. There was no significant statistical difference between the end-to-side and end-to-end groups in all other variables, including mean flap ischemic time (p = 0.431) and fat necrosis (p = 0.339). The rib-sparing and internal mammary artery-preserving free deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap transfer is an efficient and safe technique for microsurgical breast reconstruction.

  15. Comparative analysis of the patency of the internal thoracic artery in the CABG of left anterior descending artery: 6-month postoperative coronary CT angiography evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Deininger, Maurilio Onofre; Moreira, Luiz Felipe Pinho; Dallan, Luiz Alberto Oliveira; de Oliveira, Orlando Gomes; Magalhães, Daniel Marcelo Silva; Coelho, José Reinaldo de Moura; Deininger, Eugênia di Giuseppe; Lopes, Norland de Souza; Queiroga, Ricardo Wanderley; Belmont, Elizabeth Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    Objective To assess the patency of the pedicled right internal thoracic artery with an anteroaortic course and compare it to the patency of the left internal thoracic artery , in anastomosis to the left anterior descending artery in coronary artery bypass grafting by using coronary CT angiography at 6 months postoperatively. Methods Between December 2008 and December 2011, 100 patients were selected to undergo a prospective coronary artery bypass grafting procedure without cardiopulmonary bypass. The patients were randomly divided by a computer-generated list into Group-1 (G-1) and Group-2 (G-2), comprising 50 patients each, the technique used was known at the beginning of the surgery. In G-1, coronary artery bypass grafting was performed using the left internal thoracic artery for the left anterior descending and the free right internal thoracic artery for the circumflex, and in G-2, coronary artery bypass grafting was performed using the right internal thoracic artery pedicled to the left anterior descending and the left internal thoracic artery pedicled to the circumflex territory. Results The groups were similar with regard to the preoperative clinical data. A male predominance of 75.6% and 88% was observed in G-1 and G-2, respectively. Five patients migrated from G-1 to G-2 because of atheromatous disease in the ascending aorta. The average number of distal anastomoses was 3.48 (SD=0.72) in G-1 and 3.20 (SD=0.76) in G-2. Coronary CT angiography in 96 re-evaluated patients showed that all ITAs, right or left, used in situ for the left anterior descending were patent. There were no deaths in either group. Conclusion Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery involving anastomosis of the anteroaortic right internal thoracic artery to the left anterior descending artery has an outcome similar to that obtained using the left internal thoracic artery for the same coronary site. PMID:25140469

  16. Internal Maxillary Artery-Middle Cerebral Artery Bypass: Infratemporal Approach for Subcranial-Intracranial (SC-IC) Bypass

    PubMed Central

    Nossek, Erez; Costantino, Peter D.; Eisenberg, Mark; Dehdashti, Amir R.; Setton, Avi; Chalif, David J.; Ortiz, Rafael A.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Internal maxillary artery (IMax)–middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass has been recently described as an alternative to cervical extracranial-intracranial bypass. This technique uses a “keyhole” craniectomy in the temporal fossa that requires a technically challenging end-to-side anastomosis. OBJECTIVE: To describe a lateral subtemporal craniectomy of the middle cranial fossa floor to facilitate wide exposure of the IMax to facilitate bypass. METHODS: Orbitozygomatic osteotomy is used followed by frontotemporal craniotomy and subsequently laterotemporal fossa craniectomy, reaching its medial border at a virtual line connecting the foramen rotundum and foramen ovale. The IMax was identified by using established anatomic landmarks, neuronavigation, and micro Doppler probe (Mizuho Inc. Tokyo, Japan). Additionally, we studied the approach in a cadaveric specimen in preparation for microsurgical bypass. RESULTS: There were 4 cases in which the technique was used. One bypass was performed for flow augmentation in a hypoperfused hemisphere. The other 3 were performed as part of treatment paradigms for giant middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Vein grafts were used in all patients. The proximal anastomosis was performed in an end-to-side fashion in 1 patient and end-to-end in 3 patients. Intraoperative graft flow measured with the Transonic flow probe ranged from 20 to 60 mL/min. Postoperative angiography demonstrated good filling of the graft with robust distal flow in all cases. All patients tolerated the procedure well. CONCLUSION: IMax to middle cerebral artery subcranial-intracranial bypass is safe and efficacious. The laterotemporal fossa craniectomy technique resulted in reliable identification and wide exposure of the IMax, facilitating the proximal anastomosis. ABBREVIATIONS: EC-IC, extracranial-intracranial IMax, internal maxillary artery MCA, middle cerebral artery SC-IC, subcranial-intracranial STA, superficial temporal artery PMID:24618804

  17. Mechanical Properties of Coronary Arteries and Internal Mammary Arteries Beyond Physiological Deformations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    initiate intimal hyperplasia , which could eventually lead to stenosis of the anastomosis. Therefore it is important to know more about the mechanical...the case for the muscular coronary artery. Fig. 3 shows the typical stress-strain relationship in circumferential direction of one coronary artery at...coronary artery is an artery of the muscular type, which means that the media consists mainly of smooth muscle cells. The IMA is an elastic artery

  18. Intraoperative dexmedetomidine and postoperative cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome in patients who underwent superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis for moyamoya disease: A retrospective observational study.

    PubMed

    Seo, Hyungseok; Ryu, Ho-Geol; Son, Je Do; Kim, Jeong-Soo; Ha, Eun Jin; Kim, Jeong-Eun; Park, Hee-Pyoung

    2016-12-01

    Dexmedetomidine, a selective α2-agonist, reduces cerebral blood flow and has neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in experimental animals. We examined whether intraoperative dexmedetomidine would reduce the incidence of postoperative cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) after superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis in patients with moyamoya disease.The electronic medical records of 117 moyamoya patients who underwent STA-MCA anastomosis were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were divided into 2 groups: 48 patients received intraoperative dexmedetomidine (Group D), while 69 patients did not (Group ND). The incidence (primary outcome), onset, and duration of postoperative CHS were noted.The incidence of postoperative CHS was 45.8% and 40.6% in groups D and ND, respectively (P = 0.708). The duration of postoperative CHS was shorter in group D than in group ND (median [Q1-Q3], 5 [3-7] vs 8 [5-10] days, P = 0.021). There was no significant difference in the onset of CHS between group D and group ND (0 [0-2] vs 1 [0-3] days, P = 0.226).In conclusion, intraoperative dexmedetomidine did not reduce the incidence of postoperative CHS, although it reduced the duration of CHS, in patients who had undergone direct revascularization surgery for moyamoya disease.

  19. Intraoperative dexmedetomidine and postoperative cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome in patients who underwent superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis for moyamoya disease

    PubMed Central

    Seo, Hyungseok; Ryu, Ho-Geol; Son, Je Do; Kim, Jeong-Soo; Ha, Eun Jin; Kim, Jeong-Eun; Park, Hee-Pyoung

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Dexmedetomidine, a selective α2-agonist, reduces cerebral blood flow and has neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in experimental animals. We examined whether intraoperative dexmedetomidine would reduce the incidence of postoperative cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) after superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis in patients with moyamoya disease. The electronic medical records of 117 moyamoya patients who underwent STA-MCA anastomosis were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were divided into 2 groups: 48 patients received intraoperative dexmedetomidine (Group D), while 69 patients did not (Group ND). The incidence (primary outcome), onset, and duration of postoperative CHS were noted. The incidence of postoperative CHS was 45.8% and 40.6% in groups D and ND, respectively (P = 0.708). The duration of postoperative CHS was shorter in group D than in group ND (median [Q1–Q3], 5 [3–7] vs 8 [5–10] days, P = 0.021). There was no significant difference in the onset of CHS between group D and group ND (0 [0–2] vs 1 [0–3] days, P = 0.226). In conclusion, intraoperative dexmedetomidine did not reduce the incidence of postoperative CHS, although it reduced the duration of CHS, in patients who had undergone direct revascularization surgery for moyamoya disease. PMID:28033272

  20. Surgical palliation of primary pulmonary arterial hypertension by a unidirectional valved Potts anastomosis in an animal model.

    PubMed

    Bui, Minh Thanh; Grollmus, Oswin; Ly, Mohamedou; Mandache, Anca; Fadel, Elie; Decante, Benoit; Serraf, Alain

    2011-11-01

    Patients with idiopathic pulmonary hypertension are at risk for right-sided heart failure and sudden death. Despite improvement in pharmacologic management, some still require lung transplantation. Potts anastomosis has been demonstrated as a good palliation in children to alleviate symptoms and medical therapy despite desaturation in the lower part of the body. Young adult patients with pulmonary hypertension and isosystemic pressure remain at risk, particularly at exercise. The goal of this research was to find a palliation for patients in whom suprasystemic pulmonary hypertension developed at exercise. Creating a Potts anastomosis involved a unidirectional valve between the left pulmonary artery and the descending aorta. Experimental study was performed on 14 pigs. A prosthetic patch of polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex; WL Gore & Associates Inc, Newark, Del) was used to create the unidirectional valve and implanted in the Potts anastomosis. Via a left thoracotomy, an aorto-aortic shunt between the aortic isthmus and the distal descending thoracic aorta was instituted, allowing a safe surgical procedure. Intrapulmonary injection of Erciplex glue (Peters Surgical, Bobigny, France), diluted in 70% alcohol, was used to create acute pulmonary hypertension. The right to left shunt across the unidirectional valvular patch was evaluated after clamping the aorta in the acute phase of pulmonary hypertension by echo-pulsed Doppler at the level of the descending thoracic aorta by withdrawal of blood gas (arterial carbon dioxide tension, alveolar carbon dioxide tension) and assessment of peripheral oxygen saturation. Similar reevaluation of the shunt was performed at a mean interval of 13 ± 2.5 weeks. In the first series, Erciplex glue increased pulmonary artery pressure from 15.3 ± 3.1 mm Hg to 38.7 ± 6.0 mm Hg. Mean peripheral oxygen saturation decreased from 100% to 85% ± 1.5%. Mean partial pressure of carbon dioxide increased from 31.9 ± 9.1 mm Hg to 46.2 ± 12

  1. Left anterior descending artery percutaneous coronary intervention via the left internal mammary artery in a 54-year-old type 1 diabetic woman: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Kasprzak, Jarosław

    2013-01-01

    Data on the treatment of left anterior descending artery (LAD) stenosis involving or localized distally to left internal mammary artery anastomosis are scarce and not homogeneous. Both surgery (CABG) and percutaneous interventions (PCI) have been attempted, but the most effective treatment has not yet been established. We report a case of a 54-year-old woman suffering from chronic, stable angina and diabetes type 1 successfully treated with percutaneous angioplasty of LAD via the left internal mammary artery with drug-eluting stent implantation with excellent short-term results. PMID:24570698

  2. The ratio of diameters between the target artery and the bypass modifies hemodynamic parameters related to intimal hyperplasia in the distal end-to-side anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Grus, T; Lambert, L; Matěcha, J; Grusová, G; Špaček, M; Mlček, M

    2016-12-13

    Hemodynamics in the distal end-to-side anastomosis is related to early development of intimal hyperplasia and bypass failure. In this study we investigated the effect of diameter ratios between the target artery and the bypass at three different angles of the connection. The pulsatile flow field was visualized using particle image velocimetry in transparent models with three different angles of the connection (25°, 45°, 60°) and the diameter ratio between the bypass and the target artery was 4.6 mm : 6 mm, 6 mm : 6 mm, and 7.5 mm : 6 mm. Six parameters including location and oscillation of the stagnation point, local energy dissipation, wall shear stress (WSS), oscillatory shear index, spatial and temporal gradient of WSS and their distribution in the target artery were calculated from the flow field. In the wider bypass, the stagnation point oscillated in a greater range and was located more proximal to the anastomosis. Energy dissipation was minimal in a wider bypass with a more acute angle. The maximum WSS values were tree times greater in a narrow bypass and concentrated in a smaller circular region at the floor of the anastomosis. The oscillatory shear index increased with wider bypass and more acute angle. The maximum of spatial gradient of WSS concentrated around the floor and toe of the anastomosis and decreased with more acute angle and wider bypass, the temporal gradient of WSS was stretched more towards the side wall. Greater bypass to target vessel ratio and more acute anastomosis angle promote hemodynamics known to reduce formation of intimal hyperplasia.

  3. Reusing the patent internal mammary artery as a conduit in redo coronary artery bypass surgery.

    PubMed

    Nwaejike, Nnamdi; Tennyson, Charlene; Mosca, Roberto; Venkateswaran, Rajamiyer

    2016-03-01

    A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was, in patients with previous internal mammary artery/internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafts, can the internal mammary artery/ITA be reused/recycled in redo coronary artery bypass surgery? Fourteen papers were found using the reported search of which 10 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. There was variation in patient selection, the number of patients reported, outcome measures recorded, and methods and duration of follow-up. The results were mostly in favour of using a recycled ITA when it could be safely harvested. Most studies were retrospective. One large series of 60 patients who underwent redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using previously implanted ITAs had a mean time to reoperation of 117 ± 68 months. They reported no operative deaths; no patients required further or subsequent target vessel revascularization; 30-day mortality was 8.3% and myocardial infarction rate was 3%. Another two series of 16 and 12 patients underwent recycling of arterial grafts during coronary artery revascularization with no perioperative deaths in either. Postoperative angiography was performed in 10 patients in one of these studies, which showed excellent flow in all redone left internal thoracic artery (LITA) grafts. One study reported results from a prospective cohort of 9 patients who underwent redo coronary artery bypass grafting. Interval between operations was between 1 and 132 months. There was no perioperative mortality, but 1 patient required reintervention (to an interposition vein graft). A further study of 4 patients who underwent redo CABG using ITAs that were patent but with severe stenosis at the distal anastomosis had no mortality. Postoperative angiography showed patency of all grafts. There have also been 4 case reports on reusing the ITA/ITA in redo CABG with no damage to the reused LITA, no perioperative

  4. [Evaluation of cerebro-vascular diseases with persistent carotid-basilar anastomosis].

    PubMed

    Harada, K; Uozumi, T; Kurisu, K; Sumida, M; Nakahara, A; Migita, K

    1994-12-01

    Five cases of cerebro-vascular diseases with carotid-basilar anastomosis were evaluated. Case 1: a 73-year-old female was diagnosed as having subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured aneurysm of the right internal carotid artery-posterior communicating artery bifurcation and demonstrated that a left proatlantal intersegmental artery. Case 2: a 38-year-old female showed intraventricle hemorrhage due to arteriovenous malformation and showed left primitive hypoglossal artery. Case 3: 73-year-old female was diagnosed as having subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured basilar top aneurysm and demonstrated that a right primitive hypoglossal artery. Case 4: a 29-year-old male with unruptured aneurysm of the left internal carotid artery-posterior communicating artery bifurcation, and right trigeminal artery was detected incidentally by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Furthermore, right proatlantal intersegmental artery was detected by conventional angiography. Case 5: a 76-year-old male was diagnosed as having subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery. MRA showed the aneurysm and a primitive trigeminal artery. No clinical symptom related with carotid-basilar anastomosis was detected. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was useful for diagnosis of asymptomatic carotid-basilar anastomosis. Especially, axial view of MRA by time of flight method detected two cases of a primitive trigeminal artery. And coronal view of MRA by phase contrast method is useful for diagnosis of primitive proatlantal intersegmental artery. More asymptomatic persistent carotid-basilar anastomosis may be detected by MRA.

  5. [Rib-sparing technique for internal mammary vessels exposure and anastomosis in breast reconstruction with deep inferior epigastric perforator flap].

    PubMed

    Zeng, Ang; Zhu, Lin; Liu, Zhifei; Wang, Xiaojun; Zhang, Hailin; Bai, Ming; Wang, Zhi

    2014-11-01

    To explore the feasibility and reliability of rib-sparing technique for internal mammary vessels exposure and anastomosis in breast reconstruction and thoracic wall repair with deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps. Between November 2009 and September 2011, 11 female patients with post-mastectomy deformities were treated. The mean age was 42 years (range, 33-65 years). Of them, 10 patients underwent breast reconstruction with the DIEP flaps, and 1 patient received defect repair for chronic thoracic wall irradiated ulcer with the DIEP flap. The size of the flap ranged from 18 cm x 9 cm to 28 cm x 12 cm. Rib-sparing technique was applied in all these cases. The internal mammary vessels were exposed by dissection intercostal space and anastomosed with the deep inferior epigastric vessels. The donor sites were closed directly in all cases. In all cases, the rib-sparing technique for internal mammary vessels exposure and anastomosis was successfully performed. The mean time for internal mammary vessels exposure was 52 minutes (range, 38-65 minutes). The mean exposure length of the internal mammary vessels was 1.7 cm (range, 1.3-2.2 cm). All flaps survived completely postoperatively, and wounds and incisions at donor sites healed primarily. All patients were followed up 8-26 months (mean, 12 months). All patients were satisfied with the reconstructive outcomes. No collapse deformity or discomfort of the thoracic wall occurred. The rib-sparing technique for internal mammary vessels exposure and anastomosis is a reliable and reproducible approach to reconstruct the breast and repair the thoracic wall with DIEP flap, and it can reduce collapse deformity of the thoracic wall.

  6. Cooling device for bradycardia based on Peltier element for accurate anastomosis of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Kuniyoshi, Yukio; Koja, Kageharu; Miyagi, Kazufumi; Shimoji, Mituyoshi; Uezu, Tooru; Arakaki, Katuya; Yamashiro, Satoshi; Mabuni, Katuhito; Senaha, Shigenobu

    2002-10-01

    Upon introducing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the indications for CABG were expanded to include patients who previously had no operative indications. For accurate anastomosis, various devices and methods have been developed. Bradycardia is easily induced by drug administration. However, this method of achieving bradycardia also has adverse effects on cardiac function. We have developed a new device to decrease the heart rate by regional cooling of the sino-atrial node. The new device is incorporated with Peltier's element, which uses an electric charge to create a temperature gradient on both of its surfaces. In terms of the cooling ability of this device, its cooling surface is chilled from 25 degrees C to 0 degrees C within 30 s. During in vivo animal experiments, this device has been shown to decrease the myocardial temperature around the sino-atrial node to 15 degrees C and suppress sino-atrial node activity, resulting in bradycardia to 60 beats/min level. In summary, the simple and easily applicable device for local cooling in combination with the application of diltiazem for effective heart rate reduction may be very helpful for the surgeon and may avoid disadvantages for critically ill patients.

  7. Hypertension increases the contractions to sumatriptan in the human internal mammary artery.

    PubMed

    Yildiz, O; Ciçek, S; Ay, I; Demirkiliç, U; Tuncer, M

    1996-11-01

    The internal mammary artery is the graft of choice for myocardial revascularization. The tendency to spasm increases toward the distal end of the internal mammary artery, which is the portion generally used for anastomosis. The distal internal mammary artery is more pharmacologically responsive to 5-hydroxytryptamine and several other vasoconstrictor agents than its midsection. We examined the effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine and a 5-hydroxytryptamine1-like receptor agonist sumatriptan on internal mammary artery segments (length, 3-4 mm) obtained from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. To unmask a 5-hydroxytryptamine1-like receptor-mediated contractile response, threshold concentrations of potassium chloride were used. 5-Hydroxytryptamine induced concentration-dependent contractions in all, quiescent and potassium chloride precontracted, preparations. Sumatriptan induced marked contraction in some of the quiescent internal mammary artery rings, whereas it elicited marked and concentration-dependent contractions in all of the preparations given a moderate tone by a threshold concentration of potassium chloride. The sensitivity to sumatriptan was higher in potassium chloride-precontracted distal arteries than it was for the quiescent distal segments. Additionally, the sensitivity to and the efficacy of sumatriptan were much more markedly potentiated by precontraction in the preparations taken from hypertensive patients. The more marked potentiation of the responses in arteries from hypertensive patients may be one of the factors influencing the patency rates.

  8. Thrombosed giant aneurysm of the distal anterior cerebral artery treated with aneurysm resection and proximal pericallosal artery-callosomarginal artery end-to-end anastomosis: Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Matsushima, Ken; Kawashima, Masatou; Suzuyama, Kenji; Takase, Yukinori; Takao, Tetsuro; Matsushima, Toshio

    2011-01-01

    Giant distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA) aneurysms are extremely rare, with only 32 cases reported in the literature. Most giant DACA aneurysms have features that make standard neck clipping difficult, and bypass surgery is sometimes required, although this surgery was performed in only three reported cases. This report presents the fourth case treated with bypass surgery. A 69-year-old female presented with an unruptured thrombosed giant DACA aneurysm. She underwent wrapping operation 7 years before, but radiological imaging revealed enlargement of the aneurysm at the left pericallosal artery (PerA)-callosomarginal artery (CMA) junction. Before operation, three different strategies were considered for bypass surgery in case the neck could not be clipped. Aneurysm resection and left proximal PerA-CMA end-to-end anastomosis were successfully performed under intraoperative digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and motor-evoked potential (MEP) monitoring. Most DACA aneurysms are located at the PerA-CMA junction. In some cases, adequate retrograde flow to the distal PerA from the posterior or middle cerebral artery can be expected, making distal PerA reconstruction unnecessary. Moreover, when the distal PerA is cut, proximal PerA-CMA end-to-end anastomosis can be easily performed because of reduced tension in both vessels. We therefore conclude that this strategy should be utilized for treating such patients. We also presented here the effectiveness of intraoperative modalities, such as intraoperative DSA and MEP monitoring, for performing a safe operation.

  9. Internal maxillary artery-middle cerebral artery bypass: infratemporal approach for subcranial-intracranial (SC-IC) bypass.

    PubMed

    Nossek, Erez; Costantino, Peter D; Eisenberg, Mark; Dehdashti, Amir R; Setton, Avi; Chalif, David J; Ortiz, Rafael A; Langer, David J

    2014-07-01

    Internal maxillary artery (IMax)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass has been recently described as an alternative to cervical extracranial-intracranial bypass. This technique uses a "keyhole" craniectomy in the temporal fossa that requires a technically challenging end-to-side anastomosis. To describe a lateral subtemporal craniectomy of the middle cranial fossa floor to facilitate wide exposure of the IMax to facilitate bypass. Orbitozygomatic osteotomy is used followed by frontotemporal craniotomy and subsequently laterotemporal fossa craniectomy, reaching its medial border at a virtual line connecting the foramen rotundum and foramen ovale. The IMax was identified by using established anatomic landmarks, neuronavigation, and micro Doppler probe (Mizuho Inc. Tokyo, Japan). Additionally, we studied the approach in a cadaveric specimen in preparation for microsurgical bypass. There were 4 cases in which the technique was used. One bypass was performed for flow augmentation in a hypoperfused hemisphere. The other 3 were performed as part of treatment paradigms for giant middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Vein grafts were used in all patients. The proximal anastomosis was performed in an end-to-side fashion in 1 patient and end-to-end in 3 patients. Intraoperative graft flow measured with the Transonic flow probe ranged from 20 to 60 mL/min. Postoperative angiography demonstrated good filling of the graft with robust distal flow in all cases. All patients tolerated the procedure well. IMax to middle cerebral artery subcranial-intracranial bypass is safe and efficacious. The laterotemporal fossa craniectomy technique resulted in reliable identification and wide exposure of the IMax, facilitating the proximal anastomosis.

  10. Reversible occlusion of donor vessel caused by mouth opening after superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis in adult moyamoya patients.

    PubMed

    Katsuta, Toshiro; Abe, Hiroshi; Miki, Koichi; Inoue, Tooru

    2015-09-01

    The authors experienced an intriguing phenomenon in 2 adult patients with moyamoya disease. Mouth opening caused reversible occlusion of the donor superficial temporal artery (STA), and the patients exhibited transient cerebral ischemic symptoms. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of such occlusion and the mechanism of this phenomenon. Twelve consecutive adult patients with moyamoya disease (15 affected sides) who underwent STA-middle cerebral artery anastomosis were included in this study. Ultrasound examination was performed more than 3 months postoperatively to determine whether mouth opening affected blood flow of the donor STA and led to any ischemic symptoms within 1 minute. Computed tomography angiography was performed during both mouth opening and mouth closing, when blood flow changes of the donor STA were recognized. Under wide mouth opening, steno-occlusion of the donor STA occurred in 5 of 15 sides (33.3%). On 1 side (6.7%), complete occlusion induced ischemic symptoms. Steno-occlusion occurred by at least 2 mechanisms: either the stretched temporalis muscle pushed the donor STA against the edge of the bone window, or the redundant donor STA kinked when the muscle was stretched. Even with temporary occlusion of the donor STA, ischemic symptoms seem to rarely occur. However, to avoid the "big bite ischemic phenomenon," the authors recommend securing a sufficient distance between the donor STA and the edge of the bone window and avoiding a redundant course of the donor STA within the muscle layer.

  11. Esophageal anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Y; Wang, K-N; Chen, L-Q

    2015-01-01

    This review gives an overview of the esophageal anastomosis. The history, various techniques and substitution organs, their advantages and disadvantages, healing mechanism, complications, and actual trend of this essential part of esophageal surgery are described. The history of the esophageal anastomosis extending from the first anastomosis in 1901 to today has undergone more than one century. In the early days, the success rate of the anastomosis was extremely low. As the technology progressed, the anastomosis got significant achievement. Various anastomotic techniques are currently being used. However, controversies exist on the choice of anastomotic method concerning the success rate, postoperative complication and quality of life. How to choose the method, no one can give the best answer. We searched the manuscripts about the esophageal anastomoses in recent years and studied the controversy questions about the anastomosis. Performing an esophageal anastomosis is a technical matter, and suture healing is independent of the patient's biologic situation. Every anastomosis technique has its own merit, but the outcomes were different if it was performed by different surgeons, and we also found that the complication rate of the anastomosis was mainly associated with the surgeons. So the surgeons should learn from their previous experience and others to avoid technical errors.

  12. Intracranial-to-intracranial vascular anastomosis created using a microanastomotic device for the treatment of distal middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Technical note.

    PubMed

    Newell, David W; Schuster, James M; Avellino, Anthony M

    2002-08-01

    The use of a microanastomotic device for direct connection of intracranial vessels can be helpful to facilitate removal of distally located middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms. The authors report on two patients who presented for treatment with large aneurysms distally located on the MCA. The aneurysms were completely excised and the proximal and distal portions of the parent vessel were connected in an end-to-end fashion by using a microanastomotic device. The time required to crossclamp the vessel for excision of the aneurysm and primary anastomosis was 10 minutes in one case and 15 minutes in the other. The short crossclamp time and high-quality anastomosis afforded by this device may be useful in the treatment of these difficult lesions and the prevention of cerebral ischemia.

  13. Treatment of a partially thrombosed giant aneurysm of the vertebral artery by aneurysm trapping and direct vertebral artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery end-to-end anastomosis: technical case report.

    PubMed

    Benes, Ludwig; Kappus, Christoph; Sure, Ulrich; Bertalanffy, Helmut

    2006-07-01

    The purpose of this article is to focus for the first time on the operative management of a direct vertebral artery (VA)-posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) end-to-end anastomosis in a partially thrombosed giant VA-PICA-complex aneurysm and to underline its usefulness as an additional treatment option. The operative technique of a direct VA-PICA end-to-end anatomosis is described in detail. The VA was entering the large aneurysm sack. Distally, the PICA originated from the aneurysm sack-VA-complex. The donor and recipient vessel were cut close to the aneurysm. Whereas the VA was cut in a straight manner, the PICA was cut at an oblique 45-degree angle to enlarge the vascular end diameter. Vessel ends were flushed with heparinized saline and sutured. The thrombotic material inside the aneurysm sack was removed and the distal VA clipped, leaving the anterior spinal artery and brainstem perforators free. The patient regained consciousness without additional morbidity. Magnetic resonance imaging scans revealed a completely decompressed brainstem without infarction. The postoperative angiograms demonstrated a good filling of the anastomosed PICA. Despite the caliber mistmatch of these two vessels the direct VA-PICA end-to-end anastomosis provides an accurate alternative in addition to other anastomoses and bypass techniques, when donor and recipient vessels are suitable and medullary perforators do not have to be disrupted.

  14. The relationship between method of anastomosis and anastomotic failure after right hemicolectomy and ileo-caecal resection: an international snapshot audit.

    PubMed

    2017-03-06

    Anastomosis technique following right sided colonic resection is widely variable and may affect patient outcomes. This study aimed to assess the association between leak and anastomosis technique (stapled versus handsewn) METHODS: This was a prospective, multicentre, international audit including patients undergoing elective or emergency right hemicolectomy or ileo-caecal resection operations over a two-month period in early 2015. The primary outcome measure was the presence of anastomotic leak within 30 days of surgery, using a pre-specified definition. Mixed effects logistic regression models were used to assess the association between leak and anastomosis method, adjusting for patient, disease and operative cofactors, with centre included as a random effect variable. This study included 3208 patients, of whom 78.4% (n=2515) underwent surgery for malignancy and 11.7% (n=375) for Crohn's disease. An anastomosis was performed in 94.8% (n=3041) of patients, which was handsewn in 38.9% (n=1183) and stapled in 61.1% (n=1858) cases. Patients undergoing handsewn anastomosis were more likely to be emergency admissions (20.5% handsewn versus 12.9% stapled) and to undergo open surgery (54.7% versus 36.6%). The overall anastomotic leak rate was 8.1% (245/3041), which was similar following handsewn (7.4%) and stapled (8.5%) techniques (p=0.3). After adjustment for cofactors, the odds of a leak were higher for stapled anastomosis (adjusted odds ratio 1.43, 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.95, p=0.03). Despite being used in lower risk patients, stapled anastomosis was associated with an increased anastomotic leak rate in this observational study. Further research is needed to define patient groups in whom a stapled anastomosis is safe. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  15. Mid-Term Outcomes of a Modification of Extended Aortic Arch Anastomosis with Pulmonary Artery Banding in Single Ventricle Neonates with Hypoplastic Transverse Arch

    PubMed Central

    Thang, Bui Quoc; Furugaki, Tatsuya; Osaka, Motoo; Watanabe, Yutaka; Kanemoto, Shinya; Suetsugu, Fuminaga

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: There is less certainty regarding the best strategy for treating neonates with functional single ventricle (SV) and hypoplastic aortic arch. We have applied a modified extended aortic arch anastomosis (EAAA) and main pulmonary artery banding (PAB) as an initial palliation in neonates with transverse arch hypoplasia and assessed the mid-term outcomes. Methods: In total, 10 neonates with functional SV and extensive hypoplasia or interruption of the arch underwent a modified EAAA (extended arch anastomosis with a subclavian flap) concomitant with main PAB through a thoracotomy without cardiopulmonary bypass. Patient age and weight ranged from 4 to 14 days and 2.3 to 3.8 kg, respectively. Results: There were no hospital deaths although there were two late deaths. Gradients across the arch were 0 to 7 mmHg at postoperative day 1 and no arch reoperations were required. Two patients required balloon aortoplasty. Nine underwent bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt and two of them needed concomitant Damus–Kaye–Stansel (DKS) anastomosis. Six have completed Fontan. Conclusion: Our modification of EAAA with main PAB for SV neonates may benefit a certain population with transverse arch hypoplasia as an option to be considered. Patients with the potential for developing outflow obstruction may be best managed with an initial DKS-type palliation. PMID:27725352

  16. Compliance of laser-assisted microvascular anastomosis: a comparative study with manual anastomosis (preliminary results)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demaria, Roland G.; Lhote, Francois-Marie; Dauzat, Michel; Juan, Jean-Marie; Oliva-Lauraire, Marie-Claire; Durrleman, Nicolas; Delacretaz, Guy P.; Albat, Bernard; Frapier, Jean-Marc; Chaptal, Paul-Andre; Godlewski, Guilhem

    1999-01-01

    The compliance of microvascular anastomosis is an important predictive factor for long term patency of graft or vascular reconstruction. This experimental study compare the compliance of manual suture and laser assisted end to end microvascular anastomosis. In nine New-Zealand white rabbits we performed manual end-to-end suture anastomosis on the left femoral artery and laser assisted anastomosis on the right femoral artery, with a diode laser (wavelength 988 nm, power output 500 mW). Compliance was obtained by echotracking (CBI 8000 sonomicrometry system with 20 MHz implantable microprobe from Crystal-Biotech, USA) on the anastomosis site as well as upstream, and downstream from the anastomosis. Vessel compliance was lower on the manual suture side compared to the laser assisted anastomosis side, especially downstream from the anastomosis.

  17. The Usefulness of the Ivy Sign on Fluid-Attenuated Intensity Recovery Images in Improved Brain Hemodynamic Changes after Superficial Temporal Artery-Middle Cerebral Artery Anastomosis in Adult Patients with Moyamoya Disease

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jung Keun; Yoon, Byul Hee; Park, Moon Sun; Kim, Seong Min; Lee, Do Sung

    2013-01-01

    Objective MR perfusion and single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) are well known imaging studies to evaluate hemodynamic change between prior to and following superficial temporal artery (STA)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis in moyamoya disease. But their side effects and invasiveness make discomfort to patients. We evaluated the ivy sign on MR fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images in adult patients with moyamoya disease and compared it with result of SPECT and MR perfusion images. Methods We enrolled twelve patients (thirteen cases) who were diagnosed with moyamoya disease and underwent STA-MCA anastomosis at our medical institution during a period ranging from September of 2010 to December of 2012. The presence of the ivy sign on MR FLAIR images was classified as Negative (0), Minimal (1), and Positive (2). Regions were classified into four territories: the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), the anterior MCA, the posterior MCA and the posterior cerebral artery. Results Ivy signs on preoperative and postoperative MR FLAIR were improved (8 and 4 in the ACA regions, 13 and 4 in the anterior MCA regions and 19 and 9 in the posterior MCA regions). Like this result, the cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) on SPECT was significantly increased in the sum of CVR in same regions after STA-MCA anastomosis. Conclusion After STA-MCA anastomosis, ivy signs were decreased in the cerebral hemisphere. As compared with conventional diagnostic modalities such as SPECT and MR perfusion images, the ivy sign on MR FLAIR is considered as a useful indicator in detecting brain hemodynamic changes between preoperatively and postoperatively in adult moyamoya patients. PMID:24294453

  18. The usefulness of the ivy sign on fluid-attenuated intensity recovery images in improved brain hemodynamic changes after superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis in adult patients with moyamoya disease.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jung Keun; Yoon, Byul Hee; Chung, Seung Young; Park, Moon Sun; Kim, Seong Min; Lee, Do Sung

    2013-10-01

    MR perfusion and single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) are well known imaging studies to evaluate hemodynamic change between prior to and following superficial temporal artery (STA)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis in moyamoya disease. But their side effects and invasiveness make discomfort to patients. We evaluated the ivy sign on MR fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images in adult patients with moyamoya disease and compared it with result of SPECT and MR perfusion images. We enrolled twelve patients (thirteen cases) who were diagnosed with moyamoya disease and underwent STA-MCA anastomosis at our medical institution during a period ranging from September of 2010 to December of 2012. The presence of the ivy sign on MR FLAIR images was classified as Negative (0), Minimal (1), and Positive (2). Regions were classified into four territories: the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), the anterior MCA, the posterior MCA and the posterior cerebral artery. Ivy signs on preoperative and postoperative MR FLAIR were improved (8 and 4 in the ACA regions, 13 and 4 in the anterior MCA regions and 19 and 9 in the posterior MCA regions). Like this result, the cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) on SPECT was significantly increased in the sum of CVR in same regions after STA-MCA anastomosis. After STA-MCA anastomosis, ivy signs were decreased in the cerebral hemisphere. As compared with conventional diagnostic modalities such as SPECT and MR perfusion images, the ivy sign on MR FLAIR is considered as a useful indicator in detecting brain hemodynamic changes between preoperatively and postoperatively in adult moyamoya patients.

  19. Reconstructive surgery for segmental arterial mediolysis involving both the internal carotid artery and visceral arteries.

    PubMed

    Obara, Hideaki; Matsumoto, Kenji; Narimatsu, Yoshiaki; Sugiura, Hitoshi; Kitajima, Masaki; Kakefuda, Toshihiro

    2006-03-01

    Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a rare, nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory arteriopathy. A 52-year-old man with sudden hemiparesis of the right side was found to have an aneurysm of the left internal carotid artery and concomitant multiple aneurysms of the extrahepatic, celiac, and superior mesenteric arteries. Reconstructive operations using autologous vein graft were performed to treat the aneurysms. The histopathology analyses of resected arterial and aneurysmal specimens showed characteristics consistent with SAM. To our knowledge, a successfully treated case of SAM affecting both the carotid artery and visceral arteries has not previously been described.

  20. Atherosclerosis and the internal mammary arteries

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, R.N.

    1983-06-01

    One hundred and fifty patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), 14 (9.3%) of whom had coexisting peripheral vascular disease, underwent bilateral internal mammary arteriography to study the incidence and extent of atherosclerosis in these vessels. Significant atherosclerosis of the internal mammary arteries (IMAs) was present in three patients (2%), of whom one had coexisting peripheral vascular disease. Lesions in the IMAs were found either proximally, close to the origin or distally, around the terminal bifurcation. Six of the 14 patients with peripheral vascular disease (4% of total subjects) had significant atherosclerosis of the brachiocephalic arteries. Atherosclerotic involvement of the IMA is very unusual and rarely interferes with the use of these vessels for coronary bypass. More common, however, is atherosclerosis of the subclavian arteries, a contraindication for IMA grafting if the lesion is proximal to the IMA origin.

  1. Total Arterial Off-pump Coronary Revascularization with a Bilateral Internal Mammary Artery Y Graft (208 cases)

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Jun-Feng; Zhang, Hong-Chao; Gu, Cheng-Xiong; Wei, Hua

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The aim was to evaluate the early outcome of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) with a bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) Y configuration graft to achieve total arterial myocardial revascularization. Materials and Methods: From October 2002 to December 2008, 208 patients (196 male and 12 female patients) underwent OPCABG by only using a BIMA Y configuration graft. The average age of the patients was 56.5±11.3 years, with the age range being 33–78 years. A total of 167 (80.2%) cases had triple-vessel disease. Left main stem disease was found in 33 (15.9%) cases, and double-vessel disease was found in 8 (3.9%) cases. The semiskeletonization skill was used to harvest the two IMAs, and then the free right internal mammary artery was anastomosed end-to-side to the in situ left internal mammary artery to composite a Y configuration graft. Off-pump and sequential anastomosis methods were used to perform coronary artery bypass surgery for the patients. Graft patency was assessed by using the HT311 transit time flowmeter (USA Transonic Systems Inc.), intraoperatively. Results: We performed distal anastomoses of the grafts in 728 patients, the average being 3.5±1.3 per person. No one died and got recurrent angina within 30 days after operation. Conclusion: OPCABG by using the BIMA Y graft was safe and effective to achieve total arterial revascularization, and avoid surgical operation on the ascending aorta, and other incisions. PMID:23066455

  2. A Rare Embryologic Variation: Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm Associated with Carotid—Anterior Cerebral Artery Anastomosis or Infraoptic Course of the Anterior Cerebral Artery

    PubMed Central

    Yurt, Alaattin; Uçar, Kubilay; Özer, Füsun; Oran, İsmail; Arda, Nuri

    2008-01-01

    Aneurysms of the complex of the anterior cerebral artery are frequently associated with anatomic variations of the circle of Willis. We describe a case of aneurysmal rupture of the anterior communicating artery, a variant of the anterior cerebral artery. The aneurysm appeared to be situated on this vessel proximal to the infered site of the AcoA. Surgery was performed at the 6th day after hemorrhage. The anterior communicating artery aneurysm was clipped. The post operative course was unventful, with complete recovery. In our case, an extremely rare variation of the proximal tract of the anterior cerebral artery, i.e. an infraoptic course of the proximal precommunicating tract under the optic nerve, with the distal A1 tract anterior to the chiasm and positioned between the optic nerves, is presented. PMID:24179361

  3. Ligating Internal Iliac Artery: Success beyond Hesitation.

    PubMed

    Singh, Abha; Kishore, Ruchi; Saxena, Saveri Sarbhai

    2016-10-01

    To study the outcomes, benefits and complications of internal iliac artery ligation in both obstetric and gynecological cases. To study the outcomes, effectiveness and complications of internal iliac artery ligation (IIAL). This is an analytical longitudinal study done among women who have undergone internal iliac artery ligation in Dr. BRAMH a tertiary referral center from July 2013 to June 2015. Follow-up was done through color Doppler analysis of pelvic arteries before discharge, after 6 weeks and after 6 months. The efficacy of IIAL was 96.87 %. The mean shock index was 0.94 ± 0.26. Sixty-four women underwent IIAL out of which placenta previa (21.8 %) was the major indication. There were four maternal deaths. There were no intraoperative or ischemic complications. The greater the time interval between onset of hemorrhage and IIAL, the graver the outcome. For all women in whom uterus could be salvaged, resumption of menstrual cycles was seen within 6 months of IIAL. There was a significant decrease in the RI and PI of uterine arteries. In the ovarian arteries, there was a significant increase in RI and no significant change in PI initially. Flow in distal part of ligated internal iliac arteries could be detected in 54 (90 %) women out of 60 after 6 months of ligation of internal iliac arteries. IIAL is an effective life-saving method to control obstetric and gynecological hemorrhage, and a hysterectomy can often be avoided. Early resort to IIAL is vital for improving the patient outcome. Uterine perfusion is well maintained, while there may be a decrease in ovarian perfusion. Resumption of menstrual cycles and presence of distal flow in internal iliac artery within 6 months suggest the preservation of future fertility; in order to better understand the impact of IIAL on ovarian functions and future fertility, larger studies with longer follow-up periods need to be conducted.

  4. Arterial microanastomoses on the reverse flow of the internal carotid artery reverse flow: an extreme solution in free-flap revascularisation. How we do it.

    PubMed

    Baj, A; Bolzoni, A; Torretta, S; Pignataro, L

    2014-10-01

    Microvascular free tissue transfer in head and neck reconstruction requires suitable recipient vessels, which are frequently compromised by prior surgery, radiotherapy, or size of the tumour. A surgical description of an arterial free flap pedicle anastomosis on the reverse internal carotid arterial flow in a vessel-depleted neck is presented. A 66-year-old male with a relapse of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma previously treated with both surgical and radiation therapy for carcinoma of the tongue and the larynx was successfully reconstructed using a free forearm flap with reverse internal carotid arterial flow. The involvement of the carotid glomus and prior surgery excluded the other vessels as recipients. The forearm free flap survived without any complications. This procedure can be considered an alternative rescue technique for salvage reconstruction in a vessel-depleted neck.

  5. Bilateral hypoplasia of the internal carotid artery

    PubMed Central

    Bhat, Dhananjaya I; Somanna, Sampath; Kovoor, Jerry ME

    2011-01-01

    Agenesis and hypoplasia of the internal carotid artery (ICA) are rare congenital anomalies, occurring in less than 0.01% of the population. We report a rare case of bilateral hypoplasia of the ICA in a patient with post-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. We describe the embryological development of the cerebral vasculature and present a review of literature. PMID:22223934

  6. Bilateral vs single internal thoracic artery grafting for left main coronary artery occlusion.

    PubMed

    Otaki, M; Lust, R M; Sun, Y S; Norton, T O; Spence, P A; Zeri, R S; Hopson, S B; Chitwood, R

    1994-10-01

    This study was conducted to compare the coronary flow distributed by single and bilateral internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafts in the setting of the left main coronary occlusion. Ten dogs underwent coronary artery bypass grafting through a left thoracotomy, off pump, using a brief local occlusion to perform the anastomosis. Dogs were randomly assigned to receive either a single left ITA (LITA) graft to the circumflex coronary artery (CFX), or bilateral ITA grafts, with additional placement of the right ITA (RITA) to the left anterior descending artery (LAD). After the grafts were placed, the left main coronary artery was ligated. Electromagnetic flows were obtained in the LAD and the CFX proximally and distally to ITA grafts in both groups before grafting and after grafting. ITA flow in situ was also measured before rotation from the chest wall. Total left ventricular flow requirements were satisfied equally well by either a single LITA graft (116.7 +/- 11.6 mL/min) or bilateral ITA grafts (total, 116.8 +/- 9.6 mL/min divided as LITA, 55.9 +/- 7.4 mL/min; RITA, 60.9 +/- 12.0 mL/min). When two grafts were replaced, competitive flow in the proximal regions of both native vessels was noted, although basal flow requirements were maintained. When an individual graft was occluded in the bilaterally grafted system, the remaining graft immediately recruited the additional flow, demonstrating that either right or left ITA can support flow demands five to six times higher than in situ chest wall flow (RITA, 21.9 +/- 3.1 mL/min; LITA, 22.3 +/- 4.9 mL/min). These data suggest that in this canine model, a single ITA graft can support the entire flow requirements of the left ventricle. Assuming no intervening stenosis is present in native coronary systems, bilateral ITA grafting may provide a margin of safety, but under resting conditions, provides no perfusion advantages over a single ITA graft.

  7. Bronchopulmonary arterial anastomosis at the precapillary level in human lung. Visualization using CT angiography compared with microangiography of autopsied lung.

    PubMed

    Hasegawa, I; Kobayashi, K; Kohda, E; Hiramatsu, K

    1999-11-01

    To investigate the interrelationships between the bronchial and pulmonary circulations including the existence of precapillary bronchopulmonary arterial anastomoses. CT of bronchial arteriography (BAG-CT) was performed in 10 patients and BAG-CT during a pulmonary artery block test (PA-block) in 5 patients with lung cancer. Bronchial and pulmonary circulations were evaluated in 5 autopsied normal lungs by injecting silicone rubber with different colors into the bronchial and pulmonary arteries. BAG-CT correlated well with the findings at silicone rubber injection into lung autopsy samples. BAG-CT demonstrated inflow of contrast medium into the pulmonary artery during PA-block in all cases, while no inflow was observed before and following reversal of PA-block. Mixed silicone rubber was observed in the lobar to subsubsegmental bronchial arteries in all cases and in the subsubsegmental pulmonary artery in one case. Precapillary bronchopulmonary arterial anastomoses may exist at the level of the lobar bronchi to the periphery. If either the pulmonary or bronchial circulation is disturbed, flow occurs inside the anastomoses to supplement the other flow, especially flow from the bronchial to the pulmonary arteries via the anastomoses, which occurs within 30 min.

  8. Congenital Absence of the Internal Carotid Artery

    SciTech Connect

    Florio, Francesco; Balzano, Silverio; Nardella, Michele; Strizzi, Vincenzo; Cammisa, Mario; Bozzini, Vincenzo; Catapano, Giuseppe; D'Angelo, Vincenzo

    1999-01-15

    We report three cases of congenital absence of an internal carotid artery (ICA), diagnosed incidentally by digital subtraction angiography. The analysis of the cases is based on the classification of segmental ICA agenesis proposed by Lasjaunias and Berenstein. Usually the patients with this rare vascular anomaly are asymptomatic; some may have symptoms related to cerebrovascular insufficiency, compression by enlarged intracranial collateral vessels, or complications associated with cerebral aneurysms. Diagnosis of congenital absence of ICA is made by skull base computed tomography (CT) scan, CT and magnetic resonance angiography, and conventional or digital subtraction angiography.

  9. [Coronary revascularization using an internal mammary artery-saphenous vein composite graft in a patient with severely calcified ascending aorta].

    PubMed

    Sekine, S; Kuribayashi, R; Sakurada, T; Aida, H; Seki, K; Goto, Y; Shibata, Y; Meguro, A; Hayashi, R; Abe, T

    1990-07-01

    A 52-year-old woman with angina pectoris resulted from complete obstruction of left coronary ostium required double-vessel bypass. Because of severely calcified ascending aorta, avoidance of aortic cross-clamping was needed for the prevention of embolic injury and aortic dissection. Internal mammary artery (IMA)-saphenous vein (SV) composite graft under hypothermic ventricular fibrillation was successfully performed without any complication. IMA-SV composite graft is a good alternative in a case of insufficient IMA length and limited site for proximal vein graft anastomosis, which can avoid or reduce the manipulation of diseased ascending aorta.

  10. Missed Total Occlusion Due to the Occipital Artery Arising from the Internal Carotid Artery

    SciTech Connect

    Ustunsoz, Bahri Gumus, Burcak; Koksal, Ali; Koroglu, Mert; Akhan, Okan

    2007-02-15

    A 56-year-old man was referred for digital subtraction angiography (DSA) with an ultrasound diagnosis of right proximal internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis for possible carotid artery stenting. DSA revealed total occlusion of the ICA and an occipital artery arising from the stump and simulating continuation of the ICA. An ascending pharyngeal artery also arose from the same occipital artery. This case is of interest because this is a rare variation besides being a cause of misdiagnosis at carotid ultrasound.

  11. Saphenous vein to internal mammary artery end-to-end composite grafts for coronary artery bypass. Late follow-up.

    PubMed

    Paterson, Hugh S; Thakkar, Jay; Byth, Karen; Denniss, A Robert

    2015-02-01

    Internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts provide equal or superior graft patency compared to other conduits. The IMA length limits extensive myocardial revascularisation with IMA grafts alone. This study aimed to determine the results of lengthening free IMAs with a short proximal segment of saphenous vein (SV) to enable more extensive myocardial revascularisation. Patients (n=92) who underwent end-to-end composite SV-IMA grafts were followed up through cardiology and death register databases. The mean patient age was 57.5 years and median follow up 10.9 years. There was no perioperative mortality and 10-year survival was 89.6%. Thirty-one patients (34%) underwent repeat angiography at a median of 2.8 years postoperatively. The 10-year freedom from angiography showing SV segment occlusion was 89% with a median time to angiography of 2.3 years (nine patients). The number of distal anastomoses was the only independent predictor of SV segment occlusion HR per anastomosis=0.26 (p=0.01). In five sequential grafts to the circumflex and right coronary systems, the IMA portion of the graft remained patent following SV segment occlusion. Graft patency is improved by a greater number of coronary artery anastomoses. Copyright © 2014 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Pulmonary artery reconstruction with a tailor-made bovine pericardial conduit following sleeve resection of a long segmental pulmonary artery for the treatment of lung cancer: technical details of the dog-ear method for adjusting diameter during vascular anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Shimizu, Kimihiro; Nagashima, Toshiteru; Ohtaki, Yoichi; Takahashi, Toru; Mogi, Akira; Kuwano, Hiroyuki

    2017-05-01

    Sleeve resection of the pulmonary artery (PA) is always required for lung-sparing operations in which half or more of the vessel circumference is infiltrated by the primary tumor or metastatic hilar nodes. Following sleeve resection, conduit reconstruction may be indicated if there is excessive distance between the two vascular stumps, because there is a high degree of tension when repaired by direct anastomosis. We herein present a case of PA reconstruction using a tailor-made bovine pericardial conduit after sleeve resection of PA during lung cancer surgery. The length of resection was longer than 3 cm, and the difference in diameter between the conduit and peripheral PA stump was larger than 0.5 cm. We describe the surgical and oncological merits of a bovine pericardial conduit, and provide details of our reconstruction technique, focusing on adjustment of diameter between the conduit and peripheral PA (dog-ear method).

  13. Bilateral internal mammary arteries: evidence and technical considerations

    PubMed Central

    Edelman, J. James B.; Wilson, Michael K.

    2013-01-01

    Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafts are used for coronary revascularisation by only a minority of surgeons, despite a growing body of evidence suggesting improved survival when compared to use of only one internal mammary artery with additional saphenous vein grafts. Herein we review the evidence supporting revascularisation with BIMA and suggest reasons why the majority of surgeons use only one internal mammary artery. We discuss technical considerations, various graft combinations and the use of BIMA to facilitate anaortic off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). PMID:23977638

  14. Traumatic pseudoaneurysm of left internal mammary artery graft.

    PubMed

    Agathos, E A; Hussein, A; Trehan, H; Trenholme, S E; Floten, H S

    1993-10-01

    Traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the left internal mammary artery was recognized as a possible causal factor in the early recurrence of angina in a 51-year-old man. This patient underwent reoperation for revascularization with the left internal mammary artery graft in situ.

  15. Proposed clinical internal carotid artery classification system

    PubMed Central

    Abdulrauf, Saleem I; Ashour, Ahmed M; Marvin, Eric; Coppens, Jeroen; Kang, Brian; Hsieh, Tze Yu Yeh; Nery, Breno; Penanes, Juan R; Alsahlawi, Aysha K; Moore, Shawn; Al-Shaar, Hussam Abou; Kemp, Joanna; Chawla, Kanika; Sujijantarat, Nanthiya; Najeeb, Alaa; Parkar, Nadeem; Shetty, Vilaas; Vafaie, Tina; Antisdel, Jastin; Mikulec, Tony A; Edgell, Randall; Lebovitz, Jonathan; Pierson, Matt; Pires de Aguiar, Paulo Henrique; Buchanan, Paula; Di Cosola, Angela; Stevens, George

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Numerical classification systems for the internal carotid artery (ICA) are available, but modifications have added confusion to the numerical systems. Furthermore, previous classifications may not be applicable uniformly to microsurgical and endoscopic procedures. The purpose of this study was to develop a clinically useful classification system. Materials and Methods: We performed cadaver dissections of the ICA in 5 heads (10 sides) and evaluated 648 internal carotid arteries with computed tomography angiography. We identified specific anatomic landmarks to define the beginning and end of each ICA segment. Results: The ICA was classified into eight segments based on the cadaver and imaging findings: (1) Cervical segment; (2) cochlear segment (ascending segment of the ICA in the temporal bone) (relation of the start of this segment to the base of the styloid process: Above, 425 sides [80%]; below, 2 sides [0.4%]; at same level, 107 sides [20%]; P < 0.0001) (relation of cochlea to ICA: Posterior, 501 sides [85%]; posteromedial, 84 sides [14%]; P < 0.0001); (3) petrous segment (horizontal segment of ICA in the temporal bone) starting at the crossing of the eustachian tube superolateral to the ICA turn in all 10 samples; (4) Gasserian-Clival segment (ascending segment of ICA in the cavernous sinus) starting at the petrolingual ligament (PLL) (relation to vidian canal on imaging: At same level, 360 sides [63%]; below, 154 sides [27%]; above, 53 sides [9%]; P < 0.0001); in this segment, the ICA projected medially toward the clivus in 275 sides (52%) or parallel to the clivus with no deviation in 256 sides (48%; P < 0.0001); (5) sellar segment (medial loop of ICA in the cavernous sinus) starting at the takeoff of the meningeal hypophyseal trunk (ICA was medial into the sella in 271 cases [46%], lateral without touching the sella in 127 cases [23%], and abutting the sella in 182 cases [31%]; P < 0.0001); (6) sphenoid segment (lateral loop of ICA within the

  16. Bilateral atherosclerotic internal carotid artery occlusion and recurrent ischaemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Amin, Osama S M

    2015-06-08

    Bilateral internal carotid artery occlusion (BICAO) is a rare disease that carries a gloomy prognosis. We report a case of a 52-year-old man who developed ischaemic infarction at the region of the right middle cerebral artery; he was found to have atherosclerotic occlusion of both internal carotid arteries on Doppler-duplex examination. He received medical treatment only. After 1 year, he developed a new infarction at the region of the left middle cerebral artery. Conventional angiography revealed bilateral occlusion of internal carotid arteries at their origin, approximately 50% stenosis of the common carotid bulbs and mild stenosis of the origin of external carotid arteries. The patient did not undergo any form of surgical revascularisation procedures and died of severe aspiration pneumonia approximately 2 months after the second stroke. BICAO portends a poor outcome and carries a risk of recurrent ischaemic events. The best management strategy for this vascular occlusion remains unclear.

  17. Sutureless anastomosis using a biofragmentable anastomosis ring.

    PubMed

    Konishi, F; Saito, Y; Ugajin, H; Okada, M; Kashiwagi, H; Sato, T; Kanazawa, K

    1995-01-01

    The biofragmentable anastomosis ring (BAR) is composed of polyglycolic acid and barium sulfate. When used for intestinal anastomosis, the BAR fragments after the anastomosis is established. We used this device in 43 patients. In three patients, the anastomosis with BAR was abandoned due to technical difficulties. A total of 43 anastomoses with BAR were performed in 40 patients. The operations in which BAR was used included right hemicolectomy in 12 patients, transverse colectomy in 7, sigmoidectomy in 11, small bowel resection in 5 and other bowel resections in 8. The time spent for the BAR anastomsis ranged from 7 to 30 min with a mean of 15.2 min, which was significantly shorter than that of conventional hand-sutured anastomosis in 23 cases. The fragmentation and excretion of the BAR occurred from 14 to 49 days later with a mean of 21.8 days. There was only one instance of anastomotic leakage (1/40, 2.5%), which occurred in a patient with a cytomegaloviral infection of the intestine. A postoperative barium enema study in 28 patients showed no passage disturbance through the anastomosis. In conclusion, the anastomosis using BAR is considered to be a simple, safe, and fast method for performing either colonic or small intestinal anastomosis.

  18. Arteries of the brain in wild European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linnaeus, 1758).

    PubMed

    Brudnicki, Witold; Nowicki, Włodzimierz; Skoczylas, Benedykt; Brudnicki, Adam; Kirkiłło-Stacewicz, Krzysztof; Wach, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Research into the pattern and variation of brain arteries in wild rabbit involved 43 brains. The main source of blood supply to the brain in rabbit are vertebral arteries and the basilar artery, formed as a result of their anastomosis, as well as internal carotid arteries the branches of which form the arterial circle of the brain. Variation in descent concerns mostly the pattern of descent of middle cerebral arteries, in 36.5% they were multiple vessels. The caudal communicating arteries in wild rabbit constituted a symmetrical anastomosis of internal carotid arteries and caudal cerebral arteries. They stabilized an even blood supply to all parts of the brain. The caudal cerebral arteries constituted the terminal branches of the basilar artery. A comparison of the blood supply to the brain in wild rabbit and domestic rabbit described by WILAND (1968) revealed lower variation in the arteries in the wild form than in the domestic rabbit.

  19. [Internal carotid artery dissection after Heimlich maneuver].

    PubMed

    Rakotoharinandrasana, H; Petit, E; Dumas, P; Vandermarcq, P; Gil, R; Neau, J-Ph

    2003-01-01

    We report a case of cervical artery dissection following a Heimlich maneuver. Cervical artery dissections are at the present time well known and are sometimes associated with trivial traumas. However, to our knowledge, this complication of such maneuver was never reported in the literature. Pathophysiological mechanisms are discussed.

  20. Histomorphologic superiority of internal thoracic arteries over right gastroepiploic arteries for coronary bypass.

    PubMed

    Nakajima, Tomohiro; Tachibana, Kazutoshi; Takagi, Nobuyuki; Ito, Toshiro; Kawaharada, Nobuyoshi

    2016-06-01

    In this study, we compared the histologic and morphometric properties of both internal thoracic arteries and the right gastroepiploic artery (GEA) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We microscopically examined transverse sections of segments of both internal thoracic arteries and the right GEA obtained from 83 consecutive patients who underwent CABG. There were no significant differences between the internal thoracic arteries. Significant differences were found between the left and right internal thoracic arteries and GEA in the intimal width (21.8, 21.5, and 71.7 μm, respectively; P < .01), intima-to-media ratio (0.286, 0.256, and 0.749, respectively; P < .01), and media width (148.5, 157.5, and 164.8 μm, respectively; P = .43). No atherosclerotic lesions, medial calcification, or intimal thickening were seen in the internal thoracic arteries; however, atherosclerotic lesions were seen in the GEA. The intima of the GEA was thicker than that of the internal thoracic arteries. Intimal thickening of the GEA, but not the internal thoracic arteries, was positively correlated with risk of arteriosclerosis. In patients with diabetes mellitus, dietary/drug therapy and insulin therapy were associated with GEA intimal thickness (P = .02 and .01, respectively). The internal thoracic arteries have equivalent histologic and morphometric properties that differ from those of the GEA only in intimal width. The former had no intimal thickening, and is thus preferable to the GEA for CABG. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  1. Huge Free-Floating Thrombus in the Internal Carotid Artery.

    PubMed

    Tanriverdi, Uygur; Kizilkilic, Osman; Ince, Birsen

    2017-08-25

    Free-floating thrombus in the carotid artery is extremely rare. A 70-year-old male patient with pre-existing Crohn's disease admitted to our clinic with recurrent transient ischemic attacks. Angiography showed a huge thrombus in internal carotid artery. He responded to anticoagulation treatment and delayed endovascular intervention. Copyright © 2017 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Stroke and pituitary apoplexy revealing an internal carotid artery dissection.

    PubMed

    Cho, Tae-Hee; Rheims, Sylvain; Ritzenthaler, Thomas; Berthezene, Yves; Nighoghossian, Norbert

    2014-01-01

    A 40-year-old hypertensive woman experienced a left hemispheric stroke revealing an acute pituitary apoplexy and a dissection limited to the lacerum segment of the left internal carotid artery. The relationship between pituitary apoplexy and arterial dissection is discussed. Copyright © 2014 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Technical Failure of Giant Supraclinoid Aneurysm after Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Dong; Lv, Ming; Li, Youxiang; Yang, Xinjian; Wu, Zhongxue

    2014-01-01

    Summary We describe three cases of technical failure in patients with giant supraclinoid aneurysm treated with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion. Case 1 was a 65-year-old woman who presented with a two-month history of headache accompanied by blurred vision of the left eye. Case 2 was a 43-year-old woman who presented with a six-month history of headache accompanied by blurred vision of the right eye. Case 3 was a 21-year-old man admitted due to headache and blurred vision of the left eye, accompanied by left oculomotor nerve palsy for three months. Cerebral angiography revealed giant supraclinoid aneurysms in these patients. All of them were treated with ICA occlusion. One case had recurrent headache symptoms after the first procedure and was retreated. Two cases suffered from post-procedural intracranial hemorrhagic complications. Before ICA occlusion for giant supraclinoid aneurysm, balloon occlusion test was used to evaluate the collateral anastomosis between the external carotid artery (ECA) and the ICA, and still plays an important role in preventing treatment failure. PMID:25496684

  4. Isolated supraclinoid occlusive disease of the internal carotid artery.

    PubMed

    Lagrèze, H L; Hartmann, A; Ries, F; Wappenschmidt, J; Hanisch, E

    1987-01-01

    Isolated supraclinoid occlusive disease of the internal carotid artery is a rare cause of cerebral ischemia. The authors of the only review of this subject concluded that it is caused predominantly by factors other than atherosclerosis. We examined 6 patients with isolated supraclinoid occlusive lesions. Five of them had one or more risk factors for atherosclerosis. Thus, the isolated stenosis of that part of the internal carotid artery does not seem to represent a particular pathologic entity.

  5. Galactorrhoea amenorrhoea syndrome due to internal carotid artery aneurysm.

    PubMed Central

    Garg, S. K.; Dash, R. J.

    1985-01-01

    A 32 year old female with hyperprolactinaemia-galactorrhoea-amenorrhoea due to a right internal carotid artery aneurysm just before its bifurcation is described. She had two episodes of subarachnoid haemorrhage necessitating an emergency internal carotid artery ligation. She responded to bromocriptine treatment with restoration of her menses, normalization of circulating prolactin and disappearance of galactorrhoea. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:4040632

  6. [Ischemic stroke secondary to spontaneous arterial dissection of the internal carotid artery: a rare postpartum complication].

    PubMed

    Chtaou, N; Messouak, O; Belahsen, M F

    2014-07-01

    We report a case of ischemic stroke caused by internal carotid artery dissection in a 35-year-old woman in postpartum following spontaneous labor and vaginal delivery. Ischemic stroke due to arterial dissection requires rapid diagnosis and anticoagulation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Anomalous ascending pharyngeal artery arising from the internal carotid artery: report of three cases.

    PubMed

    Cortés-Franco, Severiano; Muñoz, Asís Lorente; Franco, Trinidad Cortes; Ruiz, Tomas

    2013-02-01

    Anomalous branches from the internal carotid artery (ICA) have been reported rarely in the literature. We report three cases of ascending pharyngeal arising from the ICA. It is essential to be aware of these variations in carotid artery surgery. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. An internal carotid artery aneurysm presenting with dysarthria.

    PubMed

    Davey, P T; Rychlik, I; O'Donnell, M; Baker, R; Rennie, I

    2013-10-01

    A 72-year-old woman presented to her general practitioner with a 4-week history of right neck swelling. Clinical examination elicited a pulsatile mass consistent with a carotid artery aneurysm. Five days later the patient noticed her tongue movements had become awkward with associated dysarthria. Computed tomography confirmed a 4cm internal carotid artery aneurysm arising just distally to the carotid bifurcation. She proceeded to transfemoral diagnostic carotid angiography. Balloon occlusion of the right internal carotid artery origin was performed for a ten-minute period without any neurological deficit. The decision was taken to proceed to surgical ligation of the origin of the internal carotid artery. Her symptoms of dysarthria have resolved.

  9. Facilitated coronary anastomosis using a nitinol U-Clip device: bovine model.

    PubMed

    Hill, A C; Maroney, T P; Virmani, R

    2001-05-01

    The coronary anastomosis is the most difficult part of the coronary bypass procedure, particularly when using a minimally invasive technique. Methods to facilitate coronary anastomosis will make the minimally invasive approach to coronary bypass feasible. We sought preclinical validation and testing of the design and efficacy of a self-closing penetrating clip that can be used to facilitate the creation of graft-to-coronary end-to-side anastomosis. The nitinol U-Clip device (Coalescent Surgical, Inc, Sunnyvale, Calif) was used in 13 consecutive calves (63-118 kg). In each animal, the device was (1) used to create an anastomosis of the right internal thoracic artery to a coronary artery with the heart beating and (2) compared to polypropylene suture when used to repair two carotid arteriotomies. Intraoperative, 1-week, 8-week, and 26-week postoperative angiograms and detailed histopathologic examinations were used to evaluate anastomotic patency and healing characteristics. The nitinol U-Clip device successfully created right internal thoracic artery-coronary artery anastomoses and repaired carotid arteriotomy sites in 13 consecutive calves. The clip was precisely placed by means of the integrated suture and needle in a fashion similar to that used for conventional suture. The clip met design specifications by reliable release and automatic closure, thereby eliminating knot tying and assisted suture management. At the time of harvest, angiography showed widely patent coronary anastomoses (FitzGibbon grade A criteria, n = 13) and carotid arteriotomy repair sites (n = 13). Histopathologic evaluation confirmed normal healing with smooth circumferential neointimal resurfacing at the anastomotic and repair sites. The nitinol U-Clip design and function was validated in the formation of bovine coronary anastomoses on the beating bovine heart with excellent graft patency and healing characteristics. The nitinol U-Clip device tests favorably when compared with conventional

  10. [A case of accessory middle cerebral artery associated with internal carotid artery aneurysm (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Munekata, K; Omori, H; Kanazawa, Y; Miyazaki, S; Fukushima, H; Kamata, K

    1979-12-01

    A case of accessory middle cerebral artery associated with internal carotid artery aneurysm was reported. A 50-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with complaints of headache, nausea, vomiting and conciousness disturbance. Lumbar puncture showed bloody CSF. Right carotid angiogram revealed saccular aneurysm of the internal carotid-posterior communicating artery and accessory middle cerebral artery originating from the horizontal portion of the right anterior cerebral artery. No other vascular lesion was observed on other angiograms. Operation was performed 2 days after admission. The neck of the aneurysm was clipped. Postoperative aseptic meningitis was cured by frequent lumbar punctures, and her course was uneventful. The etiological hypothesis of these cerebral vascular anomalies was briefly discussed.

  11. Technical aspects of double-skeletonized internal mammary artery grafting.

    PubMed

    Gurevitch, J; Kramer, A; Locker, C; Shapira, I; Paz, Y; Matsa, M; Mohr, R

    2000-03-01

    Bilateral internal mammary artery (IMA) grafting is performed to provide complete arterial myocardial revascularization with the intention of decreasing postoperative return of angina and the need for reoperation. We present here technical views of double-skeletonized IMA grafting, and evaluate its clinical outcome. Skeletonized IMA is harvested gently with scissors and silver clips, without use of cauterization, and embedded in a small syringe filled with papaverine. Three strategies for arterial revascularization were employed in 762 consecutive patients: (1) the cross arrangement (242 patients, 32%), where the in situ right internal mammary artery (RIMA) is used for the left anterior descending artery (LAD), in situ left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to circumflex marginal branches and the gastroepiploic artery for the right coronary artery (RCA); (2) the composite arrangement (476 patients, 62%), where free IMA is attached end-to-side to the other in situ IMA; and (3) the natural arrangement (44 patients, 6%), where the in situ RIMA is connected to the RCA and in situ LIMA to LAD. Mean age was 66 years (range 30 to 92). Two hundred ninety-two patients (38%) were older than 70, and 229 (30%) were diabetic. Operative mortality was 2.5% (n = 19). The mortality of urgent and elective cases was 1.2% (8 of 663), and that of emergency operation was 11% (11 of 99). There were 9 (1.2%) perioperative myocardial infarctions, and 10 patients (1.3%) sustained strokes. Sternal wound infection occurred in 14 (1.8%). The three strategies described here provide the surgeon with the versatility required for arterial revascularization with bilateral IMAs in most patients referred for coronary artery bypass grafting.

  12. The sutureless excimer laser assisted non-occlusive anastomosis (SELANA); a feasibility study in a pressurized cadaver model.

    PubMed

    van Doormaal, Tristan P C; van der Zwan, Albert; Aboud, Emad; Berkelbach van der Sprenkel, Jan Willem; Tulleken, Cornelius A F; Krisht, Ali F; Regli, Luca

    2010-09-01

    To compare intracranial feasibility of the conventional Excimer laser assisted non-occlusive anastomosis (ELANA) with the new experimental sutureless ELANA (SELANA). Four pressurized human cadaver heads were bilaterally trepanated, using a combined pterional/pretemporal/transcavernous approach. In each head, seven ELANA anastomoses and seven contralateral SELANA anastomoses were constructed on (1) the proximal PCA/basilar artery (P1 segment/basilar artery; BA), (2) the distal posterior cerebral artery (PCA, P2 segment), (3) the supraclinoidal internal carotid artery (ICA), (4) the ICA bifurcation, (5) the proximal anterior cerebral artery (ACA, A1 segment), (6) the proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA, M1 segment), and (7) the distal MCA (M2 segment). In total, 26 of 28 ELANA anastomoses (93%) and 22 of 28 SELANA anastomoses (79%) could be completed. Two ELANA anastomoses on the BA could not be finished because of limited space. Six SELANA anastomoses could not be attached because the applicator did not facilitate an angulated anastomosis spot. Of the remaining anastomoses, more ELANA (eight) than SELANA (two) anastomoses could not be realized without manipulation of surrounding structures. The SELANA anastomoses were completed significantly faster than the ELANA, mean difference ranging from 11 min on the M2 to 107 min on the P1/BA. This comparative study shows potential advantages of the SELANA anastomosis over the ELANA anastomosis because during application, it causes less manipulation of surrounding structures while it is faster and easier. Further preclinical research should be performed in order to improve SELANA feasibility on angulated anastomosis spots and to assess long-term SELANA patency and endothelialization.

  13. Aorto-coronary vein graft 'Y' anastomosis made easy.

    PubMed

    Jarvis, Martin Amadee

    2011-10-01

    Vein graft-to-vein graft anastomosis, creating a 'Y' graft, is a useful technique when there is a lack of good-quality autologous vein to perform individual aorto-coronary bypass grafts or when the ascending aorta is short or atheromatous, limiting the space for proximal graft anastomosis. Unlike artery-to-artery composite grafts, which are resistant to flow-limiting technique-based distortions, the accurate construction of vein-to-vein anastomoses is critical. A technique is described that facilitates accurate placement of the anastomosis that prevents kinking, twisting or displacement.

  14. [Internal carotid artery dissection after laparoscopic surgery].

    PubMed

    Martín-Mateos, Esperanza; Gómez-Ríos, Manuel Ángel; Freire-Vila, Enrique

    2017-05-22

    Headache is a common symptom in the postoperative period and may be attributable to, dehydration, sleep deprivation, intentional or inadvertent dural puncture during a neuraxial anesthesia technique, from an inhaled anesthetic agent, or from specific surgical procedures, among other etiologies. However, more serious, uncommon and life-threatening conditions as carotid artery dissection can be associated with severe neurologic sequelae in otherwise young, healthy patients. For these reasons, clinicians involved with postoperative patients should be familiar with the presentation and management strategies for this complication. Copyright © 2017. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda.

  15. Pituitary apoplexy causing internal carotid artery occlusion--case report.

    PubMed

    Chokyu, Isao; Tsuyuguchi, Naohiro; Goto, Takeo; Chokyu, Kimihiko; Chokyu, Masahiro; Ohata, Kenji

    2011-01-01

    A 50-year-old man presented with pituitary apoplexy resulting in internal carotid artery occlusion manifesting as sudden onset of severe headache, right ptosis, and left hemiparesis, associated with visual impairment. Computed tomography showed a nodular mass, located in the sellar and suprasellar regions with early signs of acute cerebral ischemia. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging indicated that the mass compressed the bilateral cavernous sinuses, resulting in obliteration of the cavernous portion of the right internal carotid artery. Right middle cerebral artery territory infarction was also found. Conservative therapy with steroids was given in the acute stage and repeated MR imaging showed recanalization of the internal carotid artery with reduction of the tumor size. The tumor was removed through the transsphenoidal approach to obtain a definitive diagnosis in the chronic stage. The histological diagnosis was consistent with non-functioning pituitary adenoma. Eye movement of this patient showed full recovery after the operation. Pituitary apoplexy resulting in internal carotid artery occlusion is rare. Surgical decompression through the transsphenoidal approach is appropriate, but the optimal timing should consider severe disturbance of visual acuity and visual field in the acute stage.

  16. Measurement of Blood Flow in an Intracranial Artery Bypass From the Internal Maxillary Artery by Intraoperative Duplex Sonography.

    PubMed

    Yu, Zaitao; Shi, Xiang'en; Brohi, Shams Raza; Qian, Hai; Liu, Fangjun; Yang, Yang

    2017-02-01

    This study explored the hemodynamic characteristics of a subcranial-intracranial bypass from the internal maxillary artery by measuring blood flow on intraoperative duplex sonography. The hemodynamic parameters of the internal maxillary artery (n = 20), radial artery (n = 20), internal maxillary artery-middle cerebral artery bypass (n = 42), and internal maxillary artery-posterior cerebral artery bypass (n = 9) were measured by intraoperative duplex sonography. There was no significant difference in the internal diameters of the internal maxillary and radial arteries (mean ± SD, 2.51 ± 0.34 versus 2.56 ± 0.22 mm; P = .648). The mean radial artery graft length for subcranial-intracranial bypasses was 88.5 ± 12.78 mm (95% confidence interval [CI], 80.8-90.2 mm). Internal maxillary artery-middle cerebral artery bypasses required a shorter radial artery graft than internal maxillary artery-posterior cerebral artery bypasses (77.8 ± 2.47 versus 104.8 ± 4.77 mm; P = .001). The mean flow volumes were 85.3 ± 18.5 mL/min (95% CI, 76.6-93.9 mL/min) for the internal maxillary artery, 72.6 ± 26.4 mL/min (95% CI, 64.3-80.9 mL/min) for internal maxillary artery-middle cerebral artery bypasses, and 45.4 ± 6.7 mL/min (95% CI, 40.7-50.0 mL/min) for internal maxillary artery-posterior cerebral artery bypasses. All grafts were opened after the success of the salvage procedures had been established, and the early patency rates (1 month after the operation) were 95% for internal maxillary artery-middle cerebral artery bypasses and 100% the internal maxillary artery-posterior cerebral artery bypasses. Measurement of blood flow by intraoperative sonography can be helpful in decision making and predicting graft patency and success after neurosurgical bypass procedures. © 2016 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

  17. Rare Post-Tonsillectomy Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm: Management by Parent Artery Occlusion Using Detachable Balloons.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Arun; Kumar, Sanjeev; Devarajan, S Leve Joseph; Agarwal, Himanshu

    2017-10-01

    Iatrogenic cervical internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare and potentially lethal complication following tonsillectomy. It can be complicated by thromboembolism, mass effect and eventually may rupture leading to death. Various endovascular treatment options are available for the management of these pseudoaneurysms, including coil embolization, detachable balloon occlusion, or stent graft placement. Parent artery occlusion using detachable balloons can be a therapeutic option in a subset of patients. However, evaluation of cross circulation with preprocedure balloon test occlusion is imperative in such cases.

  18. Endovascular Treatment of the Internal Iliac Artery in Peripheral Arterial Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Huetink, K. Steijling, J.J.F.; Mali, W.P.T.M.

    2008-03-15

    In patients with peripheral arterial disease not much is known about the relationship between the localization of the pain and the localization of arterial occlusions in the iliac arteries. Occlusions high in the iliac arteries are assumed to be able to induce pain in the buttocks and upper leg as well as pain in the calves. Several case reports show that the symptoms of arteriosclerotic lesions in the internal iliac artery are often atypical and not easy to diagnose. In this report, 3 patients with internal iliac artery occlusions who were treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) are described. One patient had isolated pain in the buttock region. In the other 2 patients the initial pain was focused on the buttock region with extension to the calves during exercise. After PTA, 2 patients were free of symptoms, while in the other patient the symptoms improved but did not disappear. Future research should clarify the relation between certain arterial occlusions and the location of the pain.

  19. Intrathoracic fire during preparation of the left internal thoracic artery for coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    A surgical fire is a serious complication not previously described in the literature with regard to the thoracic cavity. We report a case in which an intrathoracic fire developed following an air leak combined with high pressure oxygen ventilation in a patient with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The patient presented to our institution with diffuse coronary artery disease and angina pectoris. He was treated with coronary artery bypass graft surgery, including left internal thoracic artery harvesting. Additionally to this rare presentation of an intrathoracic fire, a brief review of surgical fires is included to this paper. PMID:20219127

  20. Vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm treated by internal trapping via the contralateral vertebral artery: A case report

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    A 42-year-old man with a history of sudden onset of severe headache followed by consciousness disturbance was brought to our hospital. Radiological examinations revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage, associated with rupture of a left vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm. Initially, internal trapping was attempted via the ipsilateral vertebral artery. However, the microcatheter could not be navigated through the true lumen to the distal side of the vertebral artery. Subsequently, therefore, the guiding catheter was placed in the right vertebral artery, and the microcatheter was retrogradely navigated successfully through the lesion to the proximal side of the left vertebral artery. Finally, the lesion was completely embolized with electrodetachable coils without complications. However, the patient died after the operation because of deterioration of the general condition. The postmortem examination revealed how an intimal flap had interfered with the antegrade navigation of the microcatheter in the lesion. The present case showed that endovascular treatment for a vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm via the contralateral vertebral artery may be a useful option in cases where antegrade navigation of the microcatheter via the ipsilateral vertebral artery is found to be difficult. PMID:26116649

  1. Vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm treated by internal trapping via the contralateral vertebral artery: A case report.

    PubMed

    Kojima, Atsuhiro

    2015-10-01

    A 42-year-old man with a history of sudden onset of severe headache followed by consciousness disturbance was brought to our hospital. Radiological examinations revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage, associated with rupture of a left vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm. Initially, internal trapping was attempted via the ipsilateral vertebral artery. However, the microcatheter could not be navigated through the true lumen to the distal side of the vertebral artery. Subsequently, therefore, the guiding catheter was placed in the right vertebral artery, and the microcatheter was retrogradely navigated successfully through the lesion to the proximal side of the left vertebral artery. Finally, the lesion was completely embolized with electrodetachable coils without complications. However, the patient died after the operation because of deterioration of the general condition. The postmortem examination revealed how an intimal flap had interfered with the antegrade navigation of the microcatheter in the lesion. The present case showed that endovascular treatment for a vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm via the contralateral vertebral artery may be a useful option in cases where antegrade navigation of the microcatheter via the ipsilateral vertebral artery is found to be difficult.

  2. Aneurysms of the extracranial internal carotid artery due to fibromuscular dysplasia: results of surgical management.

    PubMed

    Bour, P; Taghavi, I; Bracard, S; Frisch, N; Fiévé, G

    1992-05-01

    Between January 1977 and December 1990, eight patients underwent surgical correction of aneurysms of the extracranial internal carotid artery due to fibromuscular dysplasia. Mean age of patients was 50 years (range 31 to 70 years). Five patients presented with neurologic hemispheric symptoms. Most aneurysms were saccular and occurred preferentially at the level of C2 or C3. All of these patients underwent operation through conventional cervicotomy. Resection-anastomosis was performed in three cases whereas resection-graft was performed in five. Histopathological examination of the eight specimens was consistent with fibromuscular dysplasia of the media. There was no central nervous system-related mortality and morbidity. Seven patients were alive and free of new neurological manifestations at mean follow-up of 156 months (18 to 180 months). One patient died of myocardial infarction at 96 months. All patients had postoperative duplex scanning or arteriograms. These revealed that carotid restorations were patent in seven whereas one patient had asymptomatic occlusion at 18 months.

  3. Full myocardial revascularization with bilateral internal mammary artery Y grafts

    PubMed Central

    Naidoo, Rishendran; Byth, Karen; Chen, Cheng; Denniss, A. Robert

    2013-01-01

    Background Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafting in coronary artery surgery provides better long term outcomes than single internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafting but the optimum configuration of BIMAs has not been established. This study analyzed perioperative and late outcomes of patients who underwent BIMA grafting with a composite Y configuration. Methods Patients (n=922) who underwent BIMA Y grafting were identified from a cardiac surgical database and then cross matched against hospital and cardiology databases and the state death register to identify episodes of repeat coronary angiography, cardiac surgical re-intervention and death. Analysis of repeat angiography was performed after retrieval of the angiogram reports. Results In 95% of patients, full myocardial revascularization was achieved with BIMAs alone, using a composite Y configuration with an average of 4.1 IMA to coronary artery anastomoses per patient. The perioperative mortality was 1.5% and the 5-, 10- and 15-year survival estimates were 95%, 87% and 77% respectively. Analysis of 166 symptom-driven post-discharge coronary angiograms showed grafts to the left anterior descending artery and increasing severity of coronary artery stenosis at preoperative angiography as predictors of anastomotic patency. Conclusions Full myocardial revascularization can be achieved with reasonable safety in most patients with triple vessel disease and good left ventricular function, and provides good late survival. PMID:23977621

  4. Full myocardial revascularization with bilateral internal mammary artery Y grafts.

    PubMed

    Paterson, Hugh S; Naidoo, Rishendran; Byth, Karen; Chen, Cheng; Denniss, A Robert

    2013-07-01

    Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafting in coronary artery surgery provides better long term outcomes than single internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafting but the optimum configuration of BIMAs has not been established. This study analyzed perioperative and late outcomes of patients who underwent BIMA grafting with a composite Y configuration. Patients (n=922) who underwent BIMA Y grafting were identified from a cardiac surgical database and then cross matched against hospital and cardiology databases and the state death register to identify episodes of repeat coronary angiography, cardiac surgical re-intervention and death. Analysis of repeat angiography was performed after retrieval of the angiogram reports. In 95% of patients, full myocardial revascularization was achieved with BIMAs alone, using a composite Y configuration with an average of 4.1 IMA to coronary artery anastomoses per patient. The perioperative mortality was 1.5% and the 5-, 10- and 15-year survival estimates were 95%, 87% and 77% respectively. Analysis of 166 symptom-driven post-discharge coronary angiograms showed grafts to the left anterior descending artery and increasing severity of coronary artery stenosis at preoperative angiography as predictors of anastomotic patency. Full myocardial revascularization can be achieved with reasonable safety in most patients with triple vessel disease and good left ventricular function, and provides good late survival.

  5. Pulmonary embolism caused by a carbon dioxide blower during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Hirata, Naoyuki; Kanaya, Noriaki; Yamazaki, Yutaka; Sonoda, Hajime; Namiki, Akiyoshi

    2010-02-01

    We report a rare case of pulmonary embolism (PE) caused by a carbon dioxide (CO2) blower during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). When the anastomosis of the right internal thoracic artery to left anterior descending artery was performed, the operator tore the right ventricle outflow track (RVOT) that was adjacent to the left anterior descending artery. Immediately after the anastomosis and repair of the torn RVOT with CO2 blower, the systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) increased from 28 to 64 mmHg, and end-tidal CO2 decreased from 32 to 12 mmHg. Because transesophageal echocardiograph (TEE) showed numerous gas bubbles in the main pulmonary artery, we diagnosed PE caused by invasion of CO2 gas bubbles via the torn RVOT. Although a CO2 blower is useful to enhance visualization of the anastomosis during OPCAB, it should not be used for the venous system because it may cause CO2 embolism.

  6. Effect of internal carotid artery stenting on superior thyroid artery Doppler flow.

    PubMed

    Gunduz, Yasemin; Akdemir, Ramazan; Varim, Perihan; Ayhan, Lacin Tatli; Cakar, Mehmet Akif; Vatan, Mehmet Bulent; Kilic, Harun

    2014-10-01

    Patients with carotid disease are frequently referred for carotid artery stenting based on the results of carotid duplex studies. During carotid artery stenting, the stent is usually extended into the common carotid artery, thereby crossing the external carotid artery. Previous studies have shown conflicting results regarding internal carotid stenting and external carotid artery flow velocities, but the effect of stenting on ipsilateral superior thyroid artery velocities has not been defined. This study examined the effect of internal carotid angioplasty and stenting on the ipsilateral superior thyroid artery Doppler-derived flow parameters. We prospectively studied preinterventional and postinterventional duplex scans obtained from 41 patients (mean age ± SD, 64 ± 10 years) who underwent carotid artery stenting. The Doppler-defined preprocedural peak systolic velocity (PSV) end-diastolic velocity (EDV), resistive index (RI), and pulsatility index (PI) in the ipsilateral external carotid and superior thyroid arteries were compared with postprocedural values. Among patients with stenting, the preprocedural PSV, EDV, RI, and PI in the ipsilateral superior thyroid artery were 30 ± 11 cm/s, 13 ± 6 cm/s, 0.62 ± 0.11, and 1.04 ± 0.28,respectively; after stenting, they were 36 ± 8 cm/s, 14 ± 9 cm/s, 0.71 ± 0.07, and 1.11 ± 0.19. The preprocedural PSV, EDV, RI, and PI in the ipsilateral external carotid artery were 79 ± 24 cm/s, 17 ± 7 cm/s, 0.77 ± 0.26, and 1.27 ± 0.22; after stenting, they were 94 ± 31 cm/s, 20 ± 6 cm/s, 0.80 ± 0.4, and 1.25 ± 0.31. Despite a slight increase in superior thyroid and external carotid artery flow, there was no statistically significant change from before to after stenting. This study showed no differences in blood velocity profiles in the ipsilateral superior thyroid and external carotid arteries after stenting. © 2014 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

  7. Treatment of an Iatrogenic Left Internal Mammary Artery to Pulmonary Artery Fistula with a Bovine Pericardium Covered Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Heper, Gulumser Barcin, Cem; Iyisoy, Atila; Tore, Hasan F.

    2006-10-15

    We report a case with an acquired fistula between the left internal mammary artery and the pulmonary artery following coronary bypass surgery treated with a bovine pericardium covered stent. We also reviewed similar cases reported previously.

  8. Giant venous aneurysm jeopardising internal mammary arterial graft patency.

    PubMed

    Van Caenegem, Olivier; le Polain de Waroux, Jean-Benoit; de Kerchove, Laurent; Coche, Emmanuel

    2012-09-01

    The authors report a 79-year old man with a history of coronary bypass surgery, presenting with acute heart failure and elevated troponin. Coronarography revealed a giant saphenous vein graft aneurysm, which was compressing the left internal mammary artery bypass graft. This was confirmed by a multislice enhanced-ECG gated cardiac CT, showing the venous aneurysm responsible for external compression of the arterial graft and its functional occlusion. Myocardial ischaemia, the mechanism leading to cardiac failure, was confirmed by hypoperfusion of the sub-endocardial area shown by the CT. The aneurysm was surgically removed without complications. The patient recovered and his cardiac function improved. This is the first recorded case of compression of the left internal mammary artery by an giant saphenous vein graft aneurysm having triggered severe myocardial ischaemia and heart failure. The authors review the incidence and complications of giant venous bypass graft aneurysms reported in the literature.

  9. Giant venous aneurysm jeopardising internal mammary arterial graft patency

    PubMed Central

    Van Caenegem, Olivier; le Polain de Waroux, Jean-Benoit; de Kerchove, Laurent; Coche, Emmanuel

    2012-01-01

    The authors report a 79-year old man with a history of coronary bypass surgery, presenting with acute heart failure and elevated troponin. Coronarography revealed a giant saphenous vein graft aneurysm, which was compressing the left internal mammary artery bypass graft. This was confirmed by a multislice enhanced-ECG gated cardiac CT, showing the venous aneurysm responsible for external compression of the arterial graft and its functional occlusion. Myocardial ischaemia, the mechanism leading to cardiac failure, was confirmed by hypoperfusion of the sub-endocardial area shown by the CT. The aneurysm was surgically removed without complications. The patient recovered and his cardiac function improved. This is the first recorded case of compression of the left internal mammary artery by an giant saphenous vein graft aneurysm having triggered severe myocardial ischaemia and heart failure. The authors review the incidence and complications of giant venous bypass graft aneurysms reported in the literature. PMID:22723090

  10. Subclavian artery to internal jugular vein fistula following percutaneous internal jugular vein catheterization.

    PubMed

    Merino-Angulo, J; Cortazar, J L; Saez-Garmendia, F; Montejo, M

    1984-01-01

    The percutaneous internal jugular vein approach is now a commonly performed procedure for central venous catheterization. Iatrogenic arteriovenous fistulae are a very infrequent complication. We report an asymptomatic subclavian artery to internal jugular vein fistula following two percutaneous internal jugular vein catheterization attempts.

  11. Laser-assisted vascular anastomosis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kao, Race L.; Tsao-Wu, George; Magovern, George J.

    1990-06-01

    The milliwatt CO2 laser and a thermal activated binding compound (20% serum albumin) were used for microvascular anastomoses. Under general anesthesia, the femoral arteries (0.7 to 1.0 mm diameter) of 6 rats were isolated. After the left femoral artery in each rat was clamped and transected, the vessel was held together with 3 equidistant 10-0 Xomed sutures. The cut edges were coated 3 to 4 times with the albumin solution and sealed with the CO2 laser (power density = 120 W/cm2). The binding compound solidified to a translucent tensile substance which supported the anastomosis until self healing and repair were achieved. The right femoral artery was used as sham operated control. Complete hemostasis and patency were observed in every case immediately and at 1, 3, and 6 months following surgery. The binding compound absorbed most of the laser energy thus minimizing thermal injury to the underlying tissue. Mongrel dogs weighing 28 to 33 kg were anesthetized and prepared for sterile surgical procedures. In 5 dogs, the femoral and jugular veins were exposed, transected, and anastomosed using a CO2 laser (Sharplan 1040) with the binding compound. In another 12 dogs, cephalic veins were isolated and used for aortocoronary artery bypass procedures. The Sharplan 1040 CO2 laser and 20% albumin solution were utilized to complete the coronary anastomoses in 6 dogs, and 6 dogs were used as controls by suturing the vessels. Again, hemostasis, patency, and minimal tissue damage were observed immediately and 6 weeks after the procedures. Improved surgical results, reduced operating time, minimized tissue damage, and enhanced anastomotic integrity are the advantages of laser assisted vascular anastomosis with a thermal activated binding compound.

  12. [Thrombosis of the ending internal carotid artery complicating giant aneurysm].

    PubMed

    Truffert, A; Jouvenot, M; Coulaud, X; Dandelot, J B

    1993-01-01

    A 30-year old man suddenly developed left hemiplegia. CT scan and cerebral angiography showed complete thrombosis of a right internal carotid giant aneurysm. Anterograde propagation of the thrombus in the parent artery led to ipsilateral hemispheric infarction, an exceptional presenting symptom of such vascular malformation. The diagnostic and etiopathogenic aspects are briefly discussed.

  13. [Arteriosclerotic aneurysms isolated from the internal iliac artery].

    PubMed

    Zorita, A; Vázquez, J G; Samos, R F; Morán, C F; Costilla, S; Vaquero, F

    1990-01-01

    A case of an isolate, symptomatic, atherosclerotic aneurysm of the left internal iliac artery is presented. A review from this very rare type of pathology reveal that clinical symptoms depends on the comprised anatomical structures. Diagnosis was made by rectal or vaginal touch, ultrasonography and CT. The operatoire mortality rate is high when aneurysms are ruptured.

  14. Unusual presentation of traumatic extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Bradbury, P G; Lambert, C D

    1978-07-01

    A young man presented with apparent transient ischemic attacks following a motorcycle accident in which he sustained minor injuries only. Computerized axial tomography demonstrated a small right frontal infarct, and angiography revealed an aneurysm of the right internal carotid artery in its extracranial course. This was thought to be traumatic in origin.

  15. Simultaneous approach of internal carotid artery revascularization at the base of the skull and coronary arteries bypass without extracorporeal circulation.

    PubMed

    Keshelava, Grigol; Beselia, Kakha; Nachkepia, Merab; Janashia, Giorgi; Nuralidze, Kakha

    2011-07-01

    The best surgical approach for the treatment of patients with severe cerebral artery disease and simultaneous serious coronary artery disease remains controversial. In this report, we present a case of a 65-year-old man admitted to the hospital with unstable angina. Triple coronary artery obstructive disease and severe right internal carotid artery stenosis in the retroparotid region were diagnosed. A combined, simultaneous surgical procedure was performed. A lesion located in the retroparotid space required an approach by a presternocleidomastoid cervicotomy extended distally. Venous grafting of the internal carotid artery was performed. After carotid reconstruction, the three coronary arteries were revascularized without extracorporeal circulation. The patient showed a satisfactory postoperative outcome.

  16. Left internal carotid artery agenesis associated with basilar and left vertebral artery aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Paşaoğlu, Lale; Vural, Murat; Ziraman, Ipek; Uyanιk, Sadιk Ahmet

    2011-01-01

    Agenesis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare congenital anomaly. Most of the patients are asymptomatic and it is usually discovered incidentally by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There is close association of the cranial aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage with ICA agenesis. We present a case of a 61-year-old male with left ICA agenesis associated with basilar artery and left vertebral artery aneurysms. The patient complained of headaches and numbness on the right-side of the face. Physical examination showed high blood pressure (210/90 mmHg). Neurological examination revealed nystagmus and decreased sensation on the right-side of the face. Agenesis of left ICA, left carotid canal with basilar and left vertebral artery aneurysms were demonstrated incidentally using CT, MRI, and digital subtraction angiography, as a part of an evaluation for suspected cerebrovascular accident.

  17. Hybrid Coronary Artery Revascularization for Takayasu Arteritis with Major Visceral Collateral Circulation from the Left Internal Thoracic Artery

    PubMed Central

    Sim, Hyung Tae; Kim, Jeong-Won; Yoo, Jae Suk; Cho, Kwang Ree

    2017-01-01

    Coronary arterial involvement in Takayasu arteritis (TA) is not uncommon. Herein, we describe a case of TA with celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery occlusion combined with coronary artery disease. Bilateral huge internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) and the inferior mesenteric artery provided the major visceral collateral circulation. After percutaneous intervention to the right coronary artery, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for the left coronary territory was done using a right ITA graft and its large side branch because of its relatively minor contribution to the visceral collateral circulation. PMID:28382269

  18. The side-to-side fashion for individual distal coronary anastomosis using venous conduit.

    PubMed

    Kato, Takayoshi; Tsunekawa, Tomohiro; Motoji, Yusuke; Hirakawa, Akihiro; Okawa, Yasuhide; Tomita, Shinji

    2017-04-01

    Regarding to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the end-to-side anastomosis (ESA) has been performed as a gold standard. Recently, the effectiveness of the distal side-to-side anastomosis (SSA) in CABG using internal mammary artery has been reported. The benefit of SSA comparing to ESA also has been disclosed by computing simulation. However, use of SSA by venous conduit for individual CABG has not been reported. In this study, we investigated feasibility of SSA. From January 2013 to October 2014, we conducted 114 CABGs. There were 92 venous distal anastomoses without sequential anastomotic site (61 SSA and 31 ESA). The anastomosis was evaluated before discharge and at 1 year after the procedure by angiography or multi-detector row computed tomographic coronary angiography. The median values for time to anastomosis were 13 min in the two group (p = 0.89). There was no revision of anastomosis in both groups. Additional stitches for hemostasis were required significantly less in SSA than ESA (18.0 vs 45.2 %, respectively, p < 0.05). Early angiographic patency; 96.6 % for SSA vs 93.5 % for ESA (p = 0.50), and percentage of good anastomotic figure; 91.2 % for SSA vs 87.1 % for ESA (p = 0.54) were similar in both groups. The angiographic patency at 1 year were 92.9 % for SSA and 81.0 % for ESA (p = 0.16). There was no predictive factor for early and late graft failure. Our study showed feasibility of SSA using venous conduit in individual CABG based on early and mid-term angiographic results. This anastomotic fashion is easy to perform and maybe beneficial in blood flow pattern.

  19. [Incidence of factor VII and C3 in vascular anastomosis].

    PubMed

    Skóra, Jan; Janczak, Dariusz; Korta, Krzysztof; Pupka, Artur; Ruciński, Artur; Szyber, Piotr; Pawłowski, Stanisław; Milnerowicz, Artur; Stepiński, Piotr

    2004-06-01

    In order to study pathogenesis of vascular prosthesis healing process the following experiment was designed. 16 dogs underwent implantation of unilateral straight aorto-femoral teflon (PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene) by-pass. After 6 months all dogs were killed, dissected and vascular prostheses with margin of adjacent aorta and femoral artery were collected for further study. Areas of proximal and distal anastomosis were examined immunohistochemically. Presence of coagulation factor VII, and C3 complement factor were studied. The obtained results were analyzed statistically by means of t-Student test. Factor VII as well C3 were found in areas of both proximal and distal anastomosis. Concentration of all two substances in proximal and distal anastomosis was compared. No statistically valid differences in factor VII concentration in proximal and distal anastomosis were found, whereas amounts of C3 factor as well as degree of extracellular matrix infiltration were markedly higher in distal anastomosis.

  20. Hemodynamic role of ophthalmic artery collateral in internal carotid artery occlusion.

    PubMed

    Tatemichi, T K; Chamorro, A; Petty, G W; Khandji, A; Oropeza, L A; Duterte, D I; Mohr, J P

    1990-03-01

    We performed duplex and transcranial Doppler studies in 36 patients with angiographically documented internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAO) to determine the effect of ophthalmic artery collateral (OAC) on measures of vascular resistivity both proximal and distal to the occlusion. Resistance in the common carotid artery, measured by the resistivity index, was significantly lower in the group with OAC than in those without OAC, indicating a shunt to the low resistance intracranial circuit. The pulsatility index (PI) of the Doppler signal in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery, a measure of both inflow pressure and distal vascular resistance, did not differ between those with and without OAC. However, the presence of circle of Willis collateral pathways (anterior communicating and/or posterior communicating artery) did appear to have a significant effect on pulsatility. When both were present angiographically, PI was higher than in the group with only 1 Willisian collateral. These findings suggest that OAC has a marginal effect on vascular resistance in arterial bed distal to an ICAO, while Willisian collaterals appear to have a more important role in cerebral perfusion, as measured indirectly by Doppler methods.

  1. CrossFit-related cervical internal carotid artery dissection.

    PubMed

    Lu, Albert; Shen, Peter; Lee, Paul; Dahlin, Brian; Waldau, Ben; Nidecker, Anna E; Nundkumar, Anoop; Bobinski, Matthew

    2015-08-01

    CrossFit is a high-intensity strength and conditioning program that has gained popularity over the past decade. Potential injuries associated with CrossFit training have been suggested in past reports. We report three cases of cervical carotid dissection that are associated with CrossFit workouts. Patient 1 suffered a distal cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection near the skull base and a small infarct in Wernicke's area. He was placed on anticoagulation and on follow-up has near complete recovery. Patient 2 suffered a proximal cervical ICA dissection that led to arterial occlusion and recurrent middle cerebral artery territory infarcts and significant neurological sequelae. Patient 3 had a skull base ICA dissection that led to a partial Horner's syndrome but no cerebral infarct. While direct causality cannot be proven, intense CrossFit workouts may have led to the ICA dissections in these patients.

  2. Robust Internal Elastic Lamina Fenestration in Skeletal Muscle Arteries

    PubMed Central

    Sullivan, Michelle N.; Francis, Michael; Dinenno, Frank A.; Earley, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Holes within the internal elastic lamina (IEL) of blood vessels are sites of fenestration allowing for passage of diffusible vasoactive substances and interface of endothelial cell membrane projections with underlying vascular smooth muscle. Endothelial projections are sites of dynamic Ca2+ events leading to endothelium dependent hyperpolarization (EDH)-mediated relaxations and the activity of these events increase as vessel diameter decreases. We tested the hypothesis that IEL fenestration is greater in distal vs. proximal arteries in skeletal muscle, and is unlike other vascular beds (mesentery). We also determined ion channel protein composition within the endothelium of intramuscular and non-intramuscular skeletal muscle arteries. Popliteal arteries, subsequent gastrocnemius feed arteries, and first and second order intramuscular arterioles from rat hindlimb were isolated, cut longitudinally, fixed, and imaged using confocal microscopy. Quantitative analysis revealed a significantly larger total fenestration area in second and first order arterioles vs. feed and popliteal arteries (58% and 16% vs. 5% and 3%; N = 10 images/artery), due to a noticeably greater average size of holes (9.5 and 3.9 µm2 vs 1.5 and 1.9 µm2). Next, we investigated via immunolabeling procedures whether proteins involved in EDH often embedded in endothelial cell projections were disparate between arterial segments. Specific proteins involved in EDH, such as inositol trisphosphate receptors, small and intermediate conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels, and the canonical (C) transient receptor potential (TRP) channel TRPC3 were present in both popliteal and first order intramuscular arterioles. However due to larger IEL fenestration in first order arterioles, a larger spanning area of EDH proteins is observed proximal to the smooth muscle cell plasma membrane. These observations highlight the robust area of fenestration within intramuscular arterioles and indicate that the anatomical

  3. Internal carotid artery occlusion: association with atherosclerotic disease in other arterial beds and vascular risk factors.

    PubMed

    Paraskevas, Kosmas I; Mikhailidis, Dimitri P; Liapis, Christos D

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this article is to investigate the association between internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAO) and the presence of atherosclerotic disease and vascular risk factors. The clinical characteristics and risk factors of 120 patients presenting with ICAO were retrospectively reviewed. All patients (n = 120) had at least 1 of the 4 vascular risk factor (diabetes, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension); 2, 3, or all 4 risk factors were present in 14 to 82 of the patients (11.7% to 68.3%), 10 to 39 of the patients (8.3% to 32.5%), and 9 of the patients (7.5%), respectively. A total of 84 patients (70%) with ICAO had disease in at least 1 additional vascular bed (aorta, coronary or lower limb arteries). In addition to ICAO, vascular disease was present in 2 and all 3 of these arterial beds in 42 (35%) and 9 (7.5%) patients, respectively. Furthermore, stenosis or occlusion of the ipsilateral or contralateral vertebral arteries was recorded in 19 of 120 patients (15.8%). Regarding the contralateral carotid artery, 1 patient had bilateral ICAO. One patient had contralateral common carotid artery occlusion, and 1 patient was excluded from the analysis because of surgery to the contralateral carotid artery. Of the remaining 117 patients, 34 (29.0%) had less than 50% contralateral carotid artery stenosis. Thirty-two patients (27.4%) had 50% to 69%, and 51 (43.6%) had 70% to 99% stenosis. Ultrasonographic imaging of the carotid plaque of the contralateral carotid artery revealed that 52 of the 120 arteries (43.3%) were uniformly or predominantly echolucent (types I and II, respectively). Fifty-nine (49.2%) were predominantly or uniformly echogenic (types III and IV), and 9 (7.5%) could not be classified. A similar distribution of echomorphology was observed on the occluded side. ICAO is associated with widespread atherosclerotic disease and a high prevalence of vascular risk factors. Detection of ICAO should prompt the investigation of other arterial beds and

  4. Endovascular Treatment of Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysms: Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Machado, Rui Manuel; Rego, Duarte Nuno Cunha; de Oliveira, Pedro Nuno Ferreira Pinto; de Almeida, Rui Manuel Gonçalves Fernandes

    2016-01-01

    Objective Internal iliac artery aneurysms (IIAA) are rare, representing only 0.3% of aortoiliac aneurysms. Its treatment with open surgery is complex and associated with high morbidity and mortality, which led to increasing application of endovascular solutions. In this study, we aimed to evaluate outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of IIAA in one institution. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all cases of IIAA treated with endovascular techniques between 2003 and 2014. Endpoints were morbidity, mortality, freedom from pelvic ischemic symptoms (buttock claudication, ischemic colitis, and spinal cord injury), and need for reintervention. Results There were 16 patients, 13 males and 3 females, with mean age of 75.1±7 years. A total of 20 IIAA (4 cases were bilateral), with mean diameter of 37.9 mm, were treated. EVAR was performed in 13 (81.3%) patients, with associated internal iliac artery's outflow occlusion in 2. Iliac branch device was used in one patient. Two patients underwent endovascular IIAA embolization alone. One patient underwent percutaneous, transgluteal, IIAA embolization. IIAA flow preservation in at least one internal iliac artery was possible in 9 (56.3%) patients. Early mortality was 7% (1 case). Early morbidity was 18.8%. Pelvic ischemic complications occurred in 1 (7%) patient with buttock claudication. Late reintervention was needed in 3 patients, none of them for IIAA related complications. Conclusion Endovascular treatment of IIAA is technically feasible and durable. Although overall morbidity is relatively high, major complications are infrequent and perioperative mortality is low. internal iliac artery flow preservation is technically challenging and, in a significant number of cases, not possible at all. PMID:27556311

  5. Predominance of Nonatherosclerotic Internal Elastic Lamina Calcification in the Intracranial Internal Carotid Artery.

    PubMed

    Vos, Annelotte; Van Hecke, Wim; Spliet, Wim G M; Goldschmeding, Roel; Isgum, Ivana; Kockelkoren, Remko; Bleys, Ronald L A W; Mali, Willem P T M; de Jong, Pim A; Vink, Aryan

    2016-01-01

    Calcification of the intracranial internal carotid artery (iICA) is an independent risk factor for stroke. These calcifications are generally seen as manifestation of atherosclerosis, but histological investigations are limited. The aim of this study is to determine whether calcifications in the iICA are present in atherosclerotic plaques, or in other parts of the arterial wall. Thirty-nine iICAs were histologically assessed, using digital microscopy to quantify the amount of calcification in the different layers of the arterial wall. Calcifications were found in the intima, around the internal elastic lamina and in the medial layer of the arterial wall. In 71% of the arteries, internal elastic lamina calcification contributed most to the total calcified cross-sectional surface area. Internal elastic lamina calcification was unrelated to the occurrence of atherosclerotic intimal lesions. Intimal calcifications were most often associated with atherosclerotic lesions, but also many noncalcified atherosclerotic lesions were found. In the iICA, calcifications are predominantly present around the internal elastic lamina, suggesting that this nonatherosclerotic type of calcification contributes to the previously observed increased risk of stroke in patients with iICA calcifications. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

  6. Evaluation of Subfoveal Choroidal Thickness in Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis

    PubMed Central

    Akçay, Betül İlkay Sezgin; Kardeş, Esra; Maçin, Sultan; Ünlü, Cihan; Özgürhan, Engin Bilge; Maçin, Aydın; Bozkurt, Tahir Kansu; Ergin, Ahmet; Surmeli, Reyhan

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. To evaluate the relationship between internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) in the elderly population. Methods. A total of 42 eyes of 21 patients with more than 70% ICA stenosis (Group 1) on one side and less than 70% stenosis (Group 2) on the other side were recruited for this study. ICA stenosis was diagnosed using both the B-mode and Doppler ultrasound. The two groups were compared in terms of the percentage of stenosis, SFCT measurements, intraocular pressure, ocular perfusion pressure, refractive error, and peak systolic velocity. Eyes were examined with the RTVue-100 OCT device by the EDI-OCT technique. Results. The mean age of the patients was 71.9 ± 10.8 years. The mean percentage of ICA stenosis was 74 ± 4.9% in Group 1 and 47.5 ± 7.7% in Group 2. The mean SFCT was 231.9 ± 44.6 μm in Group 1 and 216.2 ± 46.8 μm in Group 2, which was significantly lower (P = 0.028). A statistically significant positive correlation was found between the percentage of internal carotid artery stenosis and SFCT (r = 0896, P = 0.001). Conclusions. Compensatory SFCT increase can be seen in ipsilateral internal carotid artery stenosis greater than 70%. PMID:26989500

  7. Dissection of Extracranial Internal Carotid Artery Due to Balloon Guiding Catheter Resulting in Asymptomatic Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion

    PubMed Central

    Akpinar, Suha; Yilmaz, Guliz

    2016-01-01

    Dissection of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare condition that accounts for a significant proportion of ischemic strokes in young adults. Iatrogenic dissection as a complication of neurointerventional procedures is a traumatic dissection which has been reported relatively rare in the literature. In this report, a case of dissection of the ICA is reported that was caused by repetitive movement of the balloon guiding catheter during stent-assisted thrombectomy (SAT), resulting in occlusion of the ICA. PMID:27853491

  8. Subclavian artery- internal jugular vein fistula and heart failure: complication of internal jugular vein catheterization.

    PubMed

    Prakash, Jai; Takhellambam, Brojen; Ghosh, Biplab; Choudhury, Tauhidul Alam; Singh, Shivendra; Sharma, Om Prakash

    2013-02-01

    Hemodialysis in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requires vascular access which can be either temporary or permanent. However, these procedures are not without complications. Arterial puncture is the most common immediate complication and pseudoaneurysm formation is the most common late sequel of internal jugular venous catheterization (IJVC). However, arterio-venous fistula (AVF) formatiorn following IJVC is rare. We are reporting a case of AVF formation between subclavian artery (SCA) and internal jugular vein (IJV) following IJVC which later on leads to the development of cardiac failure.

  9. Ophthalmic artery blood flow in patients with internal carotid artery occlusion

    PubMed Central

    Yamamoto, T; Mori, K; Yasuhara, T; Tei, M; Yokoi, N; Kinoshita, S; Kamei, M

    2004-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the risk factors for rubeosis iridis by colour Doppler imaging (CDI) in patients with complete internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAO). Methods: 34 eyes of 32 consecutive patients with complete ICAO were enrolled. Using CDI, blood flow direction (forward, reverse, undetectable) in the ophthalmic artery (OA), central retinal artery (CRA), and short posterior ciliary artery (SPCA) were determined. Arterial mean blood velocity (Vmean) and resistive index (RI) were calculated and correlations between the rubeosis iridis incidence and CDI parameters analysed. Results: The eyes were classified into four types according to blood flow direction: forward flow in OA, CRA, and SPCA (type 1; n = 11); reverse OA and forward CRA and SPCA flow (type 2a; n = 12); reverse OA and undetectable CRA and SPCA flow (type 2b; n = 8); undetectable flow in all three arteries (type 3; n = 3). Rubeosis iridis was seen only in type 2b and 3 eyes. Type 2b showed significantly (p<0.01) higher Vmean and lower RI values in the OA, indicating more rapid reverse flow than in type 2a eyes. Although in type 1 and 2a eyes OA flow was in opposite directions, they manifested no rubeosis iridis and no difference in the Vmean and RI values of the CRA and SPCA. Conclusions: The classification of eyes from patients with ICAO into four types by CDI may facilitate the identification of the eyes at high risk for rubeosis iridis. Markedly diminished flow in both the CRA and SPCA may result in rubeosis iridis, regardless of OA flow direction. PMID:15031166

  10. [The internal thoracic blood vessels (internal thoracic arteries and veins) and their practical significance].

    PubMed

    Jelicić, N; Djordjević, Lj; Stosić, T

    1996-01-01

    Internal thoracic blood vessels (A. et Vv. thoracicae internae) are parietal vessels of the thoracic anterior wall. Because of their position, they are often exposed to injuries during the fracture of the ribs and the sternal bone. These facts require a general knowledge about the anatomical variations of these vessels, specifically the knowledge concerning their mutual relationship, their anastomoses and their distance from the lateral margins of the sternal bone. Due to the poor and different data in the available literature, we directed our investigations towards the study and confirmation of the described anatomical variations of the internal thoracic blood vessels. In this study we investigated the distance between the internal thoracic artery and the lateral margins of the sternal bone, the level of its bifurcation, the number of the internal thoracic veins and anastomoses between them. The investigation was carried out on 300 formalin specimens consisting of the anterior wall of the thorax (persons of different ages and sexes) by using the method of dissection and the method of contrast injection. In adults (200 specimens), the distance between the arterial trunk and the lateral margin of the sternal bone was not equal in the first fifth or sixth intercostal spaces, but in children up to five years of age (100 specimens), the distance was almost the same. In adults, the internal thoracic artery was nearest to the sternal bone in the first intercostal space, but going downward the artery was gradually more and more distant from the sternum and in the sixth intercostal space the distance measured approximately from 11 mm to 13 mm. In children, the distance of the artery from the lateral margin of the sternal bone, just in the above mentioned intercostal spaces, was from 5 mm to 10 mm. There was no difference according to sex in any of the two groups. Most frequently, the internal thoracic artery gave off its terminal branches at the level of the sixth costal

  11. [Surgical treatment of the internal carotid artery atherosclerotic occlusion].

    PubMed

    Galkin, P V; Gushcha, A O; Antonov, G I

    2014-01-01

    Internal carotid artery occlusion is the cause of carotid territory transient ischemic attacks or infarction approximately in 15% of patients. Extracranial-lntracranial (EC-IC) Bypass Study and Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study (COSS) failed to show a benefit of EC-IC bypass over medical therapy in patients with symptomatic carotid artery occlusion. Weak sides of COSS were investigators reliance on post hoc analysis, use of specific thresholds in the definition of impaired cerebral hemodynamics and high perioperative morbidity. In selected subset of patients with medically refractory ischemic symptoms, EC-IC bypass, can provide benefit from surgery performed with sufficiently low perioperative morbidity. The potential of functional and cognitive improvement after cerebral revascularization needs further investigation.

  12. Systematic comparison of the effectiveness of radial artery and saphenous vein or right internal thoracic artery coronary bypass grafts in non-left anterior descending coronary arteries

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Xiang; Zhao, Qiang

    2011-01-01

    Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is increasingly being carried out on patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease, but the best grafting candidate for non-left anterior descending coronary arteries is unclear. This research sought to systematically compare the efficacies and safeties of coronary bypass with radial artery and other available grafts. A systematic literature retrieval was performed for all clinical trials comparing the outcomes of coronary artery bypass surgery with radial artery and other grafts in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Seven eligible clinical studies, comparing radial artery and great saphenous vein grafts, were found between 1966 and 2010: one prospective non-randomized and six prospective randomized trials. The pooling analysis obtained a relative risk of 0.507 (P<0.05) of graft occlusion in radial arteries compared with great saphenous veins. There was a significantly lower infection rate in arms (i.e., harvest sites for radial arteries) relative to legs (harvest sites for veins), with a pooled relative risk of 0.140 (P<0.05). From the reports on mortality after follow-up ranging from one year to six years, there was no significant difference in mortality between the two graft types (P=0.927). In addition, four cohort controlled trials for radial and right internal thoracic artery grafts were included. The radial graft was associated with less cardiac related events relative to the right internal thoracic artery graft (P=0.014), but with comparable mortality and comparable rates of repeat percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Subjects with radial arteries seemed to have a lower occlusion rate and a lower graft harvest site infection rate than those with great saphenous veins. Moreover there were fewer cardiac related events with radial arteries relative to the right internal thoracic artery grafts. More studies are needed to confirm these findings concerning the favorable outcomes of coronary artery

  13. New simple image overlay system using a tablet PC for pinpoint identification of the appropriate site for anastomosis in peripheral arterial reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Mochizuki, Yasuaki; Hosaka, Akihiro; Kamiuchi, Hiroki; Nie, Jun Xiao; Masamune, Ken; Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Miyata, Tetsuro; Watanabe, Toshiaki

    2016-12-01

    To evaluate the accuracy and utility of a new image overlay system using a tablet PC for patients undergoing peripheral arterial reconstruction. Eleven limbs treated with distal bypass surgery were studied. Three-dimensional images obtained by processing a preoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan were superimposed onto the back-camera images of a tablet PC. We used this system to pinpoint a planned distal anastomotic site preoperatively and to make a precise incision directly above it during surgery. We used a branch artery near the distal anastomotic site as a reference point and the accuracy of the system was validated by comparing its results with the intraoperative findings. The precision of the system was also compared with that of a preoperative ultrasonographic examination. Both the image overlay system and ultrasonography (US) accurately identified the target branch artery in all except one limb. In that limb, which had a very small reference branch artery, preoperative US wrongly identified another branch, whereas the image overlay system located the target branch with an error of 10 mm. Our image overlay system was easy to use and allowed us to precisely identify a target artery preoperatively. Therefore, this system could be helpful for pinpointing the most accurate incision site during surgery.

  14. [Bilateral Internal Mammary Artery Versus Single Internal Mammary Artery in Myocardial Revascularization Surgery. Propensity Score - Adjusted Survival Analysis].

    PubMed

    Saraiva, Francisca; Vilas Boas, Noélia; Amorim, Mário Jorge; Cidade Silva, Pedro; B Azevedo, Tânia; J Cerqueira, Rui; C Pinho-Gomes, Ana; P Lourenço, André; Pinho, Paulo; Leite-Moreira, Adelino

    2015-01-01

    Although arterial grafts are superior to venous grafts in terms of long-term patency, single internal mammary artery (SIMA) is still the preferred strategy in most cardiac surgical centres. Our main aim was to compare long- -term survival between BIMA and SIMA at our own tertiary care centre. Retrospective cohort including patients referred to Centro Hospitalar São João (CHSJ), from 2004 to 2011, who underwent isolated CABG and received two or more bypass with at least 1 IMA graft. Kaplan-Meier, Cox regression and propensity score matching 2:1 were used to compare long-term survival between BIMA and SIMA. BIMA was performed in 696 (29.3%) out of 2329 eligible procedures. Mean follow-up time was 5.1 years (2-9.9 years). All-cause mortality was superior in patients with only one internal mammary artery - cumulative survival of 75% for SIMA vs 88% for BIMA. Because of discrepancy between groups regarding preoperative and surgical characteristics, we ran a propensity score matching which revealed BIMA as an independent predictor of survival (n=1510, 40.3% BIMA, HR: 0.648, 95% CI: 0.452-0.927). BIMA is associated with significantly better long-term survival than SIMA in CABG. A higher sample size might clarify BIMA advantages, discriminating specific groups that might profit the most with this approach.

  15. Internal Carotid Artery Hypoplasia: Role of Color-Coded Carotid Duplex Sonography.

    PubMed

    Chen, Pei-Ya; Liu, Hung-Yu; Lim, Kun-Eng; Lin, Shinn-Kuang

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the role of color-coded carotid duplex sonography for diagnosis of internal carotid artery hypoplasia. We retrospectively reviewed 25,000 color-coded carotid duplex sonograms in our neurosonographic database to establish more diagnostic criteria for internal carotid artery hypoplasia. A definitive diagnosis of internal carotid artery hypoplasia was made in 9 patients. Diagnostic findings on color-coded carotid duplex imaging include a long segmental small-caliber lumen (52% diameter) with markedly decreased flow (13% flow volume) in the affected internal carotid artery relative to the contralateral side but without intraluminal lesions. Indirect findings included markedly increased total flow volume (an increase of 133%) in both vertebral arteries, antegrade ipsilateral ophthalmic arterial flow, and a reduced vessel diameter with increased flow resistance in the ipsilateral common carotid artery. Ten patients with distal internal carotid artery dissection showed a similar color-coded duplex pattern, but the reductions in the internal and common carotid artery diameters and increase in collateral flow from the vertebral artery were less prominent than those in hypoplasia. The ipsilateral ophthalmic arterial flow was retrograde in 40% of patients with distal internal carotid artery dissection. In addition, thin-section axial and sagittal computed tomograms of the skull base could show the small diameter of the carotid canal in internal carotid artery hypoplasia and help distinguish hypoplasia from distal internal carotid artery dissection. Color-coded carotid duplex sonography provides important clues for establishing a diagnosis of internal carotid artery hypoplasia. A hypoplastic carotid canal can be shown by thin-section axial and sagittal skull base computed tomography to confirm the final diagnosis. © 2015 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

  16. Endoscopic Endonasal Transplanum Approach to the Paraclinoid Internal Carotid Artery

    PubMed Central

    Lai, Leon T.; Morgan, Michael K.; Snidvongs, Kornkiat; Chin, David C. W.; Sacks, Ray; Harvey, Richard J.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Objective To investigate the relevance of an endoscopic transnasal approach to the surgical treatment of paraophthalmic aneurysms. Setting Binasal endoscopic transplanum surgery was performed. Participants Seven cadaver heads were studied. Main Outcome Measures (1) Dimensions of the endonasal corridor, including the operative field depth, lateral limits, and the transplanum craniotomy. (2) The degree of vascular exposure. (3) Surgical maneuverability and access for clip placements. Results The mean operative depth was 90 ± 4 mm. The lateral corridors were limited proximally by the alar rim openings (29 ± 4 mm) and distally by the distance between the opticocarotid recesses (19 ± 2 mm). The mean posteroanterior distance and width of the transplanum craniotomy were 19 ± 2 mm and 17 ± 3 mm, respectively. Vascular exposure was achieved in 100% of cases for the clinoidal internal carotid artery (ICA), ophthalmic artery, superior hypophyseal artery, and the proximal ophthalmic ICA. Surgical access and clip placement was achieved in 97.6% of cases for vessels located anterior to the pituitary stalk (odds ratio [OR] 73.8; 95% confidence interval [CI] 7.66 to 710.8; p = 0.00). Conclusion The endoscopic transnasal approach provides excellent visualization of the paraclinoid region vasculature and offers potential surgical alternative for paraclinoid aneurysms. PMID:24436941

  17. On the atrophy of the internal carotid artery in capybara.

    PubMed

    Steele, Caroline; Fioretto, Emerson T; Sasahara, Tais H C; Guidi, Wanderley L; de Lima, Ana R; Ribeiro, Antonio A C M; Loesch, Andrzej

    2006-12-01

    Capybara might be a useful model for studying changes in cerebral circulation as the natural atrophy of the internal carotid artery (ICA) occurs in this animal at maturation. In this study, confocal and electron microscopy combined with immunohistochemical techniques were applied in order to reveal the changes in morphology and innervation to the proximal part of ICA in young (6-month-old) and mature (12-month-old) capybaras. Some features of the basilar artery (BA) were also revealed. The ICA of young animals degenerated to a ligamentous cord in mature animals. Immunolabelling positive for pan-neuronal marker protein gene product 9.5 but negative for tyrosine hydroxylase was observed in the proximal part of ICA at both ages examined. Axon varicosities positive for synaptophysin were present in the adventitia of ICA of young animals but were absent in the ligamentous cord of mature animals. In the ICA of young animals, adventitial connective tissue invaded the media suggesting that the process of regression of this artery began within the first 6 months of life. An increase in size of the BA was found in mature animals indicating increased blood flow in the vertebro-basilar system, possibly making capybara susceptible to cerebrovascular pathology (e.g. stroke). Capybara may therefore provide a natural model for studying adaptive responses to ICA regression/occlusion.

  18. Internal thoracic artery grafting in the elderly patient undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting: room for process improvement?

    PubMed

    Ferguson, T Bruce; Coombs, Laura P; Peterson, Eric D

    2002-05-01

    The acute and long-term benefits of internal thoracic artery grafting are clear in younger patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The elderly, however, face higher surgical risks and have shorter life expectancy, and thus the use of internal thoracic artery grafting in this age group has been debated. This study examined the use, complication risks, and operative (30-day) mortality associated with internal thoracic artery grafting in patients 75 years of age and older. Between 1996 and 1999, 522,656 patients in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Cardiac Database underwent primary, nonemergency-salvage coronary artery bypass grafting; of these, 99,942 were 75 years of age or older. The influence of internal thoracic artery use on operative mortality and 5 major complications in this elderly group was examined by means of (1) risk adjustment (adjusting for 28 baseline risk factors and site) and (2) a treatment propensity score analysis that compares patients with similar baseline likelihood for receiving an internal thoracic artery graft. In the National Cardiac Database 77.4% of patients aged 75 to 84 years received an internal thoracic artery graft compared with 93.5% for those aged 55 years or less. In this elderly group use of the internal thoracic artery was strongly associated with decreased operative mortality (unadjusted mortality, 6.20% vs. 4.05%; P <.0001) that persisted after controlling for baseline risk and provider effects (adjusted odds ratio, 0.85; 95% confidence intervals, 0.79-0.91). This mortality benefit was seen among those with low-to-high baseline propensity for receiving an internal thoracic artery graft. Use of the internal thoracic artery in elderly patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting provides an acute survival benefit. This benefit is similar to that seen in younger patients and persists after adjusting for both patient and provider selection factors. The internal thoracic artery appears to be underused

  19. Tandem symptomatic internal carotid artery and persistent hypoglossal artery stenosis treated by endovascular stenting and flow reversal

    PubMed Central

    Eller, Jorge L; Jahshan, Shady; Dumont, Travis M; Kan, Peter; Siddiqui, Adnan H

    2013-01-01

    Persistence of the hypoglossal artery into adulthood is a rare vascular anomaly and, when present, provides the predominant vascular supply to the posterior circulation. We describe a case of vertebrobasilar insufficiency associated with severe high-grade stenosis of the persistent hypoglossal artery and tandem stenosis of the proximal ipsilateral internal carotid artery, treated by an endovascular approach. The unique anatomical and technical challenges associated with this case are reviewed in detail. PMID:23709141

  20. Fingertip replantation using a single volar arteriovenous anastomosis and drainage with a transverse tip incision.

    PubMed

    Yabe, T; Muraoka, M; Motomura, H; Ozawa, T

    2001-11-01

    Four cases of fingertip replantation using a single volar arteriovenous anastomosis and drainage with a transverse tip incision are reported. Because of lack of suitable arteries for anastomosis in the amputated finger, in each case a volar radial vein was anastomosed to the proximal digital artery and external drainage was performed through a transverse tip incision. In 3 cases the replanted fingertip survived completely; partial necrosis occurred in 1 case. Because veins are more superficial and larger than arteries, they are more available for anastomosis. The results indicate that this method is a useful alternative in fingertip replantation.

  1. Internal carotid artery agenesis: A case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Li, Shuo; Hooda, Kusum; Gupta, Nishant; Kumar, Yogesh

    2017-04-01

    Congenital agenesis of the internal carotid artery is a very rare anomaly. Intracranial circulation in the involved internal carotid artery territory is maintained by collateral circulation from the contralateral internal carotid artery through the anterior communicating artery and from the vertebrobasilar system through the posterior communicating artery. Usually, patients with internal carotid artery agenesis are asymptomatic due to collateral circulation, but they may present with headache, seizures, or transient ischemic attack. Aneurysms have also been reported to be associated with this entity. Computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, and digital subtraction angiography are commonly used modalities to make the diagnosis. Unenhanced skull base computed tomography will show the absence of carotid canal, thus differentiating from carotid hypoplasia. We report on a case of right internal carotid artery agenesis with discussion of embryogenesis, clinical presentation, and imaging findings.

  2. Atypical Arteritis in Internal Carotid Arteries: A Novel Concept of Isolated Internal Carotid Arteritis

    PubMed Central

    Fukuma, Kazuki; Kowa, Hisanori; Nakayasu, Hiroyuki; Nakashima, Kenji

    2016-01-01

    We presented a 38-year-old woman suffering from acute cerebral infarction due to arteritis limited to bilateral internal carotid arteries without a condition of giant cell arteritis or granulomatosis with polyangitis. Our case is unprecedented and characterized by a young woman with wall enhancement in the internal carotid arteries on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), therapeutic effects of steroids, and positive status for human leucocyte antigen-B39, -B51 and -DR4. These disease characteristics were not in accordance with existing diagnostic criteria of vasculitis, such as Takayasu’s arteritis, giant cell arteritis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and Behcet’s disease. We suggested consideration of a novel “isolated internal carotid arteritis” disease concept. PMID:27708542

  3. The Deltopectoral Flap Revisited: The Internal Mammary Artery Perforator Flap.

    PubMed

    Ibrahim, Amir; Atiyeh, Bishara; Karami, Reem; Adelman, David M; Papazian, Nazareth J

    2016-03-01

    Pharyngo-esophageal and tracheostomal defects pose a challenge in head and neck reconstruction whenever microanastomosis is extremely difficult in hostile neck that is previously dissected and irradiated. The deltopectoral (DP) flap was initially described as a pedicled flap for such reconstruction with acceptable postoperative results. A major drawback is still that the DP flap is based on 3 perforator vessels leading to a decreased arc of rotation. The DP flap also left contour deformities in the donor site. The internal mammary artery perforator flap was described as a refinement of the deltopectoral flap. It is a pedicled fasciocutaneous flap based on a single perforator, with comparable and reliable blood supply compared with the DP flap, giving it the benefit of having a wide arc of rotation. It is both thin and pliable, with good skin color match and texture. The donor site can be closed primarily with no esthetic deformity and minimal morbidity. The procedure is relatively simple and does not require microvascular expertise. In this report, the authors describe a patient in whom bilateral internal mammary artery perforator flaps were used for subtotal pharyngo-esophageal reconstruction and neck resurfacing. The flaps healed uneventfully bilaterally with no postoperative complications.

  4. Lumbar artery perforator (LAP) flap: a salvage tool for extended lumbo-sacral necrosis after bilateral internal iliac arteries embolization

    PubMed Central

    di Summa, Pietro Giovanni; Schaffer, Clara; Zaugg, Patrice; Bauquis, Olivier; Raffoul, Wassim

    2016-01-01

    Abstract We report the case of a 52-year-old man presenting an extensive lumbosacral necrosis after bilateral internal iliac arteries embolization following unstable pelvic fracture. Coverage of the defect was performed using two extended lumbar artery perforator flaps in a propeller fashion. Good functional and esthetic result was achieved at one-year follow-up. PMID:27583264

  5. The Arteries of the Brain in Hare (Lepus europaeus Pallas, 1778).

    PubMed

    Brudnicki, Witold; Kirkiłło-Stacewicz, Krzysztof; Skoczylas, Benedykt; Nowicki, Włodzimierz; Jabłoński, Ryszard; Brudnicki, Adam; Wach, Jan

    2015-10-01

    Research into course and variability of brain arteries in hare were performed on 38 adult hares of both sexes (males 23 and females 15). The arteries were filled with a synthetic latex at a constant pressure introduced with a medical syringe to the left ventricle. The source of blood supply to the brain was internal carotid arteries, whose branches formed an arterial circle of the brain, vertebral arteries, and basilar artery as the result of its anastomosis. Variability focused on a method of departure of middle cerebral arteries, which were multiple vessels in 39.5% of cases and rostral cerebellar arteries. Caudal communicating arteries in hare comprised bilateral anastomosis of internal carotid arteries and final branches of the basilar artery. It stabilized the steady flow of blood to all parts of the brain. Caudal cerebral arteries comprised final branches of the basilar artery. The largest capacity of all the arteries of the brain was observed in the main trunk of the basilar artery. The capacity of these vessels was 4.53 mm(3) on average. The factor of capacity of cerebral arteries in relation to weight of the brain reaches a high value in hare.

  6. Association between Internal Carotid Artery Morphometry and Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Dae-Won

    2007-01-01

    Purpose The goal of this study was to directly measure the association between the internal carotid artery (ICA) morphometry and the presence of ICA-posterior communicating artery (PCOM) aneurysm. Materials and Methods The authors intraoperatively measured the length of the supraclinoid ICA because it is impossible to radiologically determine the exact location of the anterior clinoid process. We used an image analyzer with a CT angiogram to measure the angle between the skull midline and the terminal segment of the ICA (ICA angle), as well as the diameter of the ICA. The lengths and diameters of the supraclinoid ICA and the ICA angle were compared among PCOM aneurysms, anterior communicating artery (ACOM) aneurysms, and middle cerebral artery (MCA) bifurcation aneurysms (n = 27 each). Additionally, the lengths and the diameters of M1 and A1 were compared for each aneurysm. Results The lengths of the supraclinoid ICA were 11.9 ± 2.3mm. The lengths of the supraclinoid ICA in patients with ICA-PCOM aneurysms (9.7 ± 2.8mm) were shorter than those of patients with ACOM aneurysms (13.8 ± 2.2mm, Student's t-test, p < 0.001) and with MCA bifurcation aneurysms (12.2 ± 1.9 mm, Student's t-test, p < 0.001). The diameters of the supraclinoid ICA and A1 in patients with ACOM aneurysms were larger than those in patients with MCA bifurcation aneurysms (Student's t-test, p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the lengths of M1 and A1, ICA angle, or diameter of M1 for each aneurysm. Conclusion These results suggest that the relatively shorter length of the supraclinoid ICA may be a novel risk factor for the development of ICA-PCOM aneurysm with higher hemodynamic stress. PMID:17722235

  7. Acute basilar artery occlusion in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study: does gender matter?

    PubMed

    Arnold, Marcel; Fischer, Urs; Compter, Annette; Gralla, Jan; Findling, Oliver; Mattle, Heinrich P; Kappelle, L Jaap; Tanne, David; Algra, Ale; Schonewille, Wouter J

    2010-11-01

    Randomized trials suggested a different benefit of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) between men and women with anterior circulation stroke because of a worse outcome of women in the control group. We compared outcome and recanalization in men and women with basilar artery occlusion treated with antithrombotic treatment alone, IVT or combined IVT-IAT, or IAT in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study. Overall, 389 male and 226 female patients were analyzed. In the antithrombotic treatment group, 68 of 111 (61%) men and 47 of 70 (67%) women had a poor outcome defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 4 to 6 (adjusted risk ratio [aRR], 0.96; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.24), in the IVT/combined IVT-IAT group, 47 of 77 (61%) men and 24 of 43 (56%) women (aRR, 1.19; 95% CI, 0.89 to 1.60), and in the IAT group, 142 of 185 (77%) men and 71 of 102 (70%) women (aRR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.88 to 1.17). Mortality was not different between men and women in the antithrombotic treatment group (aRR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.55 to 1.16), the IVT/combined IVT-IAT group (aRR, 1.11; 95% CI, 0.72 to 1.73), or in the IAT group (aRR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.36). Insufficient recanalization after combined IVT-IAT or IAT was similar in men and women (23% versus 22%; aRR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.58 to 1.46). In patients with acute basilar artery occlusion, no significant gender differences for outcome and recanalization were observed, regardless of treatment modality.

  8. Non-pulsatile traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery following trauma to mandible.

    PubMed

    Soh, Hui Yuh; Muda, Ahmad Sobri; Jabar, Nazimi Abd; Nordin, Rifqah; Nabil, S; Ramli, Roszalina

    2015-12-01

    Traumatic pseudoaneurysm involving the maxillary artery is rare. Owing to its anatomic location, internal maxillary artery is usually protected by its surrounding structures. Formation of pseudoaneurysm usually takes place after several weeks to months of the initial injury. In this case, we reported a pseudoaneurysm arising from left internal maxillary artery following blunt injuries within 3 hours after a road accident and the treatment with endovascular embolization with titanium coils prior to open reduction and internal fixation of the fractured mandibles.

  9. Internal carotid artery pseudo occlusion with embolic cerebral ischemia and low flow in the central retinal artery: a diagnostic challenge.

    PubMed

    Röhrer, Christoph; Ertl, Michael; Altmann, Mathias; Kasprzak, Piotr; Bogdahn, Ulrich; Schuierer, Gerhard; Schlachetzki, Felix

    2011-07-01

    We present a rare case of internal carotid artery pseudoocclusion (ICAPO) in a 60-year-old male Caucasian patient who experienced a reversible sudden loss of vision of the right eye for 10 min followed by recurrent blurring of vision as well as dysarthria and numbness in the left face. The referring ophthalmologist admitted the patient for suspicious occlusion of the internal carotid artery causing anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION).

  10. Angiographic anatomy of the extracranial and intracranial portions of the internal carotid arteries in donkeys.

    PubMed

    Khairuddin, Nurul Hayah; Sullivan, Martin; Pollock, Patrick J

    2017-01-01

    In horses, the extracranial and intracranial pathway of the internal carotid artery has been described. The extracranial pathway of the internal carotid artery begins at the carotid termination and runs on the dorsal surface of the medial compartment of the guttural pouch. Thereafter the internal carotid artery passes through the foramen lacerum to continue intracranially, forming part of the rostrolateral quadrants of the cerebral arterial circle (Circle of Willis). The objectives of this study were to define and record the anatomy of the carotid arterial tree and the internal carotid artery in donkeys using angiographic techniques. This is a prospective descriptive study on 26 cadaveric donkeys. Twenty six donkey cadavers of mixed, age, sex and use presented for reasons unrelated to disease of the guttural pouch were subjected to carotid and cerebral angiography using rotational angiography. Rotational angiographic and 3 dimensional multiplanar reconstructive (3D-MPR) findings were verified with an arterial latex casting technique followed by dissection and photography. The following variations of the carotid arterial tree were identified: [1] the internal carotid and occipital arteries shared a common trunk, [2] the linguofacial trunk originated from the common carotid artery causing the common carotid artery to terminate as four branches, [3] the external carotid artery was reduced in length before giving rise to the linguofacial trunk, mimicking the appearance of the common carotid artery terminating in four branches, [4] the internal carotid artery originated at a more caudal position from the common carotid artery termination. Veterinarians should be aware that considerable variation exists in the carotid arterial tree of donkeys and that this variation may differ markedly from that described in the horse.

  11. Sternum lifting technique for thoracoscopic internal thoracic artery harvest.

    PubMed

    Ohtsuka, Toshiya; Ninomiya, Mikio; Maemura, Taisei

    2005-06-01

    We employed the Laparolift and Laparofan (Origin Medsystems Inc., CA, USA) and developed a sternum lifting technique to create a sufficient intra-pleural space between the heart and the sternum in which the left internal thoracic artery (ITA) in situ graft could be thoracoscopically mobilized. Between June and December 2004, this technique was applied to 12 consecutive patients (eight men, four women, aged 68.5+/-9.6 years) undergoing minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting via a left mini-thoracotomy. The Laparofan, connected to the arm of the lift machine (Laparolift), was introduced through a subxyphoidal entry and opened beneath the sternum. The sternum was elevated by about 5 cm until a sufficient working space was created under the sternum. With left hemipulmonary collapse, the left ITA was thoracoscopically taken down through the axillary ports. There was no procedural conversion to direct harvesting. The mean thoracoscopic harvesting time was 34.5+/-7.7 min. There was no mortality and no instrument-related morbidities. Patency of each ITA graft was angiographically confirmed. In conclusion, despite the limited experience, the present sternum elevation technique using the Laparolift system is a viable method for increasing the intra-pleural working space beneath the sternum during thoracoscopic ITA harvesting.

  12. Sternal wound infections in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting using bilateral skeletonized internal mammary arteries.

    PubMed Central

    Sofer, D; Gurevitch, J; Shapira, I; Paz, Y; Matsa, M; Kramer, A; Mohr, R

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the risks of sternal wound infections in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization using bilateral skeletonized internal mammary arteries (IMAs). BACKGROUND: The skeletonized IMA is longer than the pedicled one, thus providing the cardiac surgeon with increased versatility for arterial myocardial revascularization without the use of vein grafts. It is isolated from the chest wall gently with scissors and silver clips, and no cauterization is employed. Preservation of collateral blood supply to the sternum and avoidance of thermal injury enable more rapid healing and decrease the risk of sternal wound infection. METHODS: From April 1996 to August 1997, 545 patients underwent arterial myocardial revascularization using bilateral skeletonized IMAs. The right gastroepiploic artery was used in 100 patients (18%). The average age of the patients was 65 years; 431 (79%) were men and 114 (21%) were women; 179 (33%) were older than 70 years of age; 166 (30%) were diabetics. The average number of grafts was 3.2 per patient. RESULTS: The 30-day operative mortality rate was 2% (n = 11). There were six perioperative infarcts (1.1%) and six strokes (1.1%); 9 patients had sternal infection (1.7%) and 15 (2.8%) had superficial infection. Risk factors for sternal infection were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emergency operation. Superficial sternal wound infections were more common in women and in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal failure, or peripheral vascular disease. The 1-year actuarial survival rate was 97%. Two of the six late deaths were not cardiac-related. Late dehiscence occurred in three patients (0.6%). The death rate (early and late) of patients with any sternal complication was higher than that of patients without those complications (33% vs. 2.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Routine arterial myocardial revascularization using bilateral skeletonized IMAs is safe, and postoperative morbidity and mortality

  13. Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis Presenting with Limb Shaking TIA

    PubMed Central

    Alfishawy, Mostafa

    2016-01-01

    Internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis may lead to a wide range of clinical symptoms. We describe the case of a 66-year-old female who experienced a transient ischemic attack (TIA) with episodes of limb shaking caused by ICA stenosis. After epilepsy had been suspected and ruled out, studies of her left ICA showed extensive blockage as a result of atherosclerosis. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed total occlusion of the left ICA and the patient was eventually medically managed due to the strong possibility of surgical complications. We reported this patient's clinical course to shed light on a rare manifestation of carotid stenosis that may be confused with other diagnoses if not closely scrutinized. PMID:27840754

  14. Megadolichobasilar anomaly, basilar impression and occipito-vertebral anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Dehaene, I; Pattyn, G; Calliauw, L

    1975-01-01

    The authors describe a case of a megadolichobasilar anomaly associated with basilar impression, bilateral megadolichocarotid arteries and an occipito-vertebral anastomosis. The concurrence of these anomalies lends support to the hypothesis that congenital factors play a part in the origin of the megadolichobasilar anomaly.

  15. Adoption and Effectiveness of Internal Mammary Artery Grafting in Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Among Medicare Beneficiaries

    PubMed Central

    Hlatky, Mark A; Boothroyd, Derek B; Reitz, Bruce A; Shilane, David A; Baker, Laurence C; Go, Alan S

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To assess the pattern of the adoption of internal mammary artery (IMA) grafting in the United States, test its association with clinical outcomes, and assess whether its effectiveness differs in key clinical subgroups. Background The effect of IMA grafting on major clinical outcomes has never been tested in a large randomized trial, yet it is now a quality standard for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Methods We identified Medicare beneficiaries aged ≥66 years who underwent isolated multivessel CABG between 1988 and 2008, and documented patterns of IMA use over time. We used a multivariable propensity score to match patients with and without an IMA, and compared rates of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and repeat revascularization. We tested for variations in IMA effectiveness using treatment by covariate interaction tests. Results IMA use in CABG rose slowly from 31% in 1988 to 91% in 2008, with persistent wide geographic variations. Among 60,896 propensity score matched patients over a median 6.8 year follow-up, IMA use was associated with lower all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 0.77, p<0.001), lower death or MI (adjusted hazard ratio 0.77, p<0.001), and fewer repeat revascularization over five years (8% vs. 9%, p<0.001). The association between IMA use and lower mortality was significantly weaker (p≤0.008) for older patients, women, and for patients with diabetes or peripheral arterial disease. Conclusions IMA grafting was adopted slowly and still shows substantial geographic variation. IMA use is associated with lower rates of death, MI and repeat coronary revascularization. PMID:24080110

  16. Vertebral artery stenosis in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS): prevalence and outcome.

    PubMed

    Compter, Annette; van der Hoeven, Erik J R J; van der Worp, H Bart; Vos, Jan Albert; Weimar, Christian; Rueckert, Christina M; Kappelle, L Jaap; Algra, Ale; Schonewille, Wouter J

    2015-02-01

    We assessed the prevalence of vertebral artery (VA) stenosis or occlusion and its influence on outcome in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO). We studied 141 patients with acute BAO enrolled in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS) registry of whom baseline CT angiography (CTA) of the intracranial VAs was available. In 72 patients an additional CTA of the extracranial VAs was available. Adjusted risk ratios (aRRs) for death and poor outcome, defined as a modified Rankin Scale score ≥4, were calculated with Poisson regression in relation to VA occlusion, VA occlusion or stenosis ≥50 %, and bilateral VA occlusion. Sixty-six of 141 (47 %) patients had uni- or bilateral intracranial VA occlusion or stenosis ≥50 %. Of the 72 patients with intra- and extracranial CTA, 46 (64 %) had uni- or bilateral VA occlusion or stenosis ≥50 % and 9 (12 %) had bilateral VA occlusion. Overall, VA occlusion or stenosis ≥50 % was not associated with the risk of poor outcome. Patients with intra- and extracranial CTA and bilateral VA occlusion had a higher risk of poor outcome than patients without bilateral VA occlusion (aRR, 1.23; 95 % CI 1.02-1.50). The risk of death did not depend on the presence of unilateral or bilateral VA occlusion or stenosis ≥50 %. In conclusion, in patients with acute BAO, unilateral VA occlusion or stenosis ≥50 % is frequent, but not associated with an increased risk of poor outcome or death. Patients with BAO and bilateral VA occlusion have a slightly increased risk of poor outcome.

  17. Internal carotid artery dissection following chiropractic treatment in a pregnant woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

    PubMed

    Morton, Adam

    2012-12-19

    A case of internal carotid artery dissection in a pregnant woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) immediately following chiropractic treatment is presented. The literature regarding complications of neck manipulation during pregnancy, spontaneous dissection of craniocervical arteries in pregnancy and the postpartum period, and dissection of craniocervical arteries in SLE are reviewed. To the best of the author's knowledge, this is the first case of carotid artery dissection following chiropractic treatment in a pregnant woman published in the literature.

  18. Internal carotid artery dissection following chiropractic treatment in a pregnant woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    A case of internal carotid artery dissection in a pregnant woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) immediately following chiropractic treatment is presented. The literature regarding complications of neck manipulation during pregnancy, spontaneous dissection of craniocervical arteries in pregnancy and the postpartum period, and dissection of craniocervical arteries in SLE are reviewed. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the first case of carotid artery dissection following chiropractic treatment in a pregnant woman published in the literature. PMID:23254252

  19. [Coronary artery bypass graft surgery with bilateral internal mamary artery. Short term results].

    PubMed

    Ríos Ortega, Josías Caleb; Castañeda Castillo, Paul; Talledo Paredes, Luisa; Soplopuco Palacios, Franz; Aranda Pretell, Necemio; Pérez Valverde, Yemmy; Morón Castro, Julio; Reyes Torres, Andrés

    2017-01-04

    Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery remains the gold standard in the treatment of multivessel coronary disease. Several studies have shown that CABG with bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) has better results in long-term survival. We conducted a retrospective investigation in CABG surgeries with BIMA, performed from January 2012 to December 2015 in the National Cardiovascular Institute, INCOR, EsSalud. The objectives were determine the mortality and major cardiovascular events at 30 days follow up. 36 patients were submitted to CABG surgery with BIMA. 30-day mortality was 0%, major cardiovascular events occurred in 5.56% of patients (Stroke 0%, postoperative myocardial infarction 5.56%, need of new coronary intervention 0%). The incidence of mediastinitis and/or sternal reconstruction was 0%. 07 patients had wound superficial infection, there was no significant difference between diabetics and non-diabetics (25% vs. 16.66%, OR=3.3, P=.88) or between patients with or without overweight (19.23% vs. 20%, respectively, OR=.95; 95% CI, P=.68) to present wound infection. CABG surgery with BIMA is a safe procedure, with low rates of mortality and major cardiovascular events in the short term. Copyright © 2016 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  20. An unusual condition during internal jugular vein catheterisation: vertebral artery catheterisation.

    PubMed

    Korkmaz, Ozge; Göksel, Sabahattin; Söylemez, Burçak; Durmuş, Kasim; Işbir, Ahmet Cemil; Berkan, Öcal

    Vertebral artery cannulation is an unusual complication during internal jugular vein cannulation. We report a case of vertebral artery cannulation, which occurred during an attempt to cannulate the right internal jugular vein, and we discuss the management of such a rare complication.

  1. Brachial plexus compression due to subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm from internal jugular vein catheterization

    PubMed Central

    Mol, T. N.; Gupta, A.; Narain, U.

    2017-01-01

    Internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization has become the preferred approach for temporary vascular access for hemodialysis. However, complications such as internal carotid artery puncture, vessel erosion, thrombosis, and infection may occur. We report a case of brachial plexus palsy due to compression by right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm as a result of IJV catheterization in a patient who was under maintenance hemodialysis. PMID:28356671

  2. A Novel Technique of Preserving Internal Mammary Artery Perforators in Nipple Sparing Breast Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Swistel, Alexander; Small, Kevin; Dent, Briar; Cohen, Oriana; Devgan, Lara

    2014-01-01

    Summary: As nipple-sparing mastectomy with implant-based reconstruction has increased, attention must be paid to the viability of the nipple-areolar complex. This article describes the use of preoperative Doppler ultrasound to identify the internal mammary artery perforators. Preserving the internal mammary artery improves vascular supply to the nipple-areolar complex. PMID:25426381

  3. Pedicled and skeletonized single and bilateral internal thoracic artery grafts and the incidence of sternal wound complications: Insights from the Arterial Revascularization Trial.

    PubMed

    Benedetto, Umberto; Altman, Douglas G; Gerry, Stephen; Gray, Alastair; Lees, Belinda; Pawlaczyk, Rafal; Flather, Marcus; Taggart, David P

    2016-07-01

    The question of whether skeletonized internal thoracic artery harvesting reduces the incidence of sternal wound complications in comparison with the pedicled technique, in the context of single or bilateral internal thoracic arteries, remains controversial. We studied the impact of the internal thoracic artery harvesting strategy on sternal wound complication in the Arterial Revascularization Trial. Patients enrolled in the Arterial Revascularization Trial (n = 3102) were randomized to coronary artery bypass grafting with single or bilateral internal thoracic arteries. Sternal wound complication rates were examined according to the harvesting technique that was documented in 2056 patients. The internal thoracic artery harvesting technique, based on the surgeon's preference, resulted in 4 groups: pedicled single internal thoracic artery (n = 607), pedicled bilateral internal thoracic artery (n = 459), skeletonized single internal thoracic artery (n = 512), and skeletonized bilateral internal thoracic artery (n = 478). Propensity scores weighting was used to estimate the impact of the harvesting technique on sternal wound complications. A total of 219 of 2056 patients (10.6%) experienced a sternal wound complication within 1 year from the index operation. Of those, only 25 patients (1.2%) required sternal wound reconstruction. Pedicled bilateral internal thoracic artery (odds ratio [OR], 1.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23-2.63) but not skeletonized bilateral internal thoracic artery (OR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.65-1.53) or skeletonized single internal thoracic artery (OR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.57-1.38) was associated with a significantly increased risk of any sternal wound complications compared with pedicled single internal thoracic artery. The present Arterial Revascularization Trial substudy suggests that, with a skeletonization technique, the risk of sternal wound complication with bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting is similar to that after standard

  4. Off-pump Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Grafting.

    PubMed

    Saha, Kamales Kumar; Deval, Mandar M; Kumar, Ajay; Kaushal, Ram P; Saha, Kakalee K; Jacob, Rinu V; Adsul, Ratnaprobha; Jagdale, Lukash

    2015-09-01

    The long-term benefit of bilateral internal thoracic grafts (BITA) is well established. BITA grafting is often avoided in diabetic, female, obese, elderly and other high-risk patients because of concerns for deep sternal wound infection. The objective of this study is to analyse early results of our BITA grafting and to establish the safety of BITA use in all patients. All cases of isolated consecutive unselected CABG were included in this retrospective study. BITA were used in-situ - one was used to graft left anterior descending artery and the other was used as inflow for a composite graft with radial artery. Dual inflow using in situ BITA grafting allows easy bailout by using an additional vein graft. BITA was used in 574 patients out of 602 (95.35%). Incidence of early death was 1.33% (8/602), stroke 0.5% (3/602), reoperation for bleeding 0.17% (1/602). Deep sternal wound infection was not seen in any patient but nine patients (1.5%) had superficial wound infection which healed with dressing. We have used BITA in 95% of our unselected, consecutive off-pump CABG patients without any major wound complications. Our limited experience has shown off-pump CABG using BITA grafting can be safely adopted routinely with excellent early result. Copyright © 2015 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Detecting variability of internal carotid arterial Doppler signals by Lyapunov exponents.

    PubMed

    Güler, Inan; Ubeyli, Elif Derya

    2004-11-01

    The new method presented in this study was directly based on the consideration that internal carotid arterial Doppler signals are chaotic signals. This consideration was tested successfully using the nonlinear dynamics tools, like the computation of Lyapunov exponents. Multilayer perceptron neural network (MLPNN) architecture was formulated and used as a basis for detecting variabilities such as stenosis and occlusion in the physical state of internal carotid arterial Doppler signals. The computed Lyapunov exponents of the internal carotid arterial Doppler signals were used as inputs of the MLPNN. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the performance of the detection process. The internal carotid arterial Doppler signals were classified with the accuracy varying from 94.87% to 97.44%. The results confirmed that the proposed MLPNN trained with Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm has potential in detecting stenosis and occlusion in internal carotid arteries.

  6. Penetration of the Optic Nerve and Falciform Ligament by an Internal Carotid Artery-Ophthalmic Artery Aneurysm: Case Reoport

    PubMed Central

    TAKAGI, Yasushi; MIYAMOTO, Susumu

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of an internal carotid artery (ICA)-ophthalmic artery aneurysm with penetration of the optic nerve. In addition, this case penetrated the falciform ligament, which severely disturbed optic canal unroofing during surgery. This is the first reported case in which penetration of the optic nerve and falciform ligament has been shown. To remove the anterior clinoid process in this case, the ultrasonic bone curette was a useful tool. PMID:24140766

  7. Covered stent in the superior gluteal artery in a hybrid approach to treat internal iliac artery aneurysm: a technical note.

    PubMed

    Noël-Lamy, Maxime; Teng Tan, Kong; Lindsay, Thomas

    2015-07-01

    This brief report describes a hybrid endovascular and open procedure to treat internal iliac artery (IIA) aneurysms and preserve pelvic blood flow. A covered stent was deployed before surgery in the superior gluteal artery, extending across the IIA aneurysm, with the proximal end in the common iliac artery lumen. During open aortoiliac aneurysm repair, the stent graft was anastomosed in an end-to-side manner to the surgical graft. Four aneurysms were treated in 3 patients. Technical success was achieved in all cases. There were no complications or repeat interventions. Stents were all patent at imaging follow-up (range, 6-25 mo). Patients were free from buttock claudication.

  8. Carotid Artery Stenting in a Patient with Spontaneous Recanalization of a Proximal Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion: a Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Koh, Jun Seok; Choi, Woo Suk

    2006-01-01

    We report here on a rare case of carotid artery angioplasty and stenting in a patient with spontaneous recanalization after complete occlusion of the proximal internal carotid artery (ICA). The patient initially showed severe stenosis at the left proximal ICA on MR angiography (MRA). Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) performed three days after MRA showed complete occlusion of the proximal ICA. The follow-up DSA after four weeks showed recanalization of the ICA, and then carotid artery stenting was successfully performed. There has been no neurologic complication during more than one year follow-up. PMID:17143034

  9. A Lumped Parameter Method to Calculate the Effect of Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion on Anterior Cerebral Artery Pressure Waveform.

    PubMed

    Abdi, M; Navidbakhsh, M; Razmkon, A

    2016-03-01

    Numerical modeling of biological structures would be very helpful tool to analyze hundreds of human body phenomena and also diseases diagnosis. One physiologic phenomenon is blood circulatory system and heart hemodynamic performance that can be simulated by utilizing lumped method. In this study, we can predict hemodynamic behavior of one artery of circulatory system (anterior cerebral artery) when disease such as internal carotid artery occlusion is occurred. Pressure-flow simulation is one the leading common approaches for modeling of circulatory system behavior and forecasts of hemodynamic in numerous physiological conditions. In this paper, by using lumped model (electrical analogy), CV system is simulated in MATLAB software (SIMULINK environment). The performance of healthy blood circulation and heart is modeled and the obtained results used for further analyses. The stenosis of internal carotid artery at different rates was, then, induced in the circuit and the effects are studied. In stenosis cases, the effects of internal carotid artery occlusion on  left anterior cerebral artery pressure waveform are investigated. The findings of this study may have implications not only for understanding the behavior of human biological system at healthy condition but also for diagnosis of diseases in circulatory and cardiovascular system of human body.

  10. [Branches of the perforating portions of the internal carotid arteries and their commissural anastomoses].

    PubMed

    Smirnov, V E

    1984-01-01

    By means of injection methods allowing microscopic preparation of vessels 0.015 mm and less in diameter the author examined 25 block-specimens of the base of the skull which contained the left and right cavernous parts of the internal carotid arteries and structures adjacent to them. The specimens were obtained in cases in which death was caused by the disease not associated with pathological conditions of the central nervous system. Arteries arising from the cavernous part of the internal carotid artery are described. The author determined the existence of a system of permanent commissural anastomoses between the cavernous parts of the left and right internal carotid arteries which is formed by the branches of the dorsal meningeal, inferior hypophyseal, and capsular arteries (McConnell arteries). The importance of the system in the diagnosis and treatment of pathological processes of parasinus and parasellar localization, particularly arteriosinus malformations of this region, is pointed out.

  11. [Policy of using the right internal thoracic artery "in situ" for coronary artery bypass grafting].

    PubMed

    Vecherskiĭ, Iu Iu; Andreev, S L; Zatolokin, V V

    2015-01-01

    The authors analysed the outcomes in a total of 73 patients subjected to coronary artery bypass grafting with the use of the "in situ" the right internal thoracic artery. Of these, 14 patients endured bypass grafting with assessment of the conformity of the length of the "in situ" right ITA as a conduit for the distal third of the right coronary artery (RCA). 16 patients underwent grafting of the RITA "in situ" with the RCA by passing through the pleural cavity. The remaining 43 patients were subjected to bilateral mammary composite bypass grafting using the radial artery (RA). A total of 22 segments of the RA were subjected to a comparative morphometric examination depending on the method of exposure. We additionally analysed 56 cases of utilizing the RA with the use of the pharmacological protocol of preventing spasm. The results were regarded statistically significant if p<0.05. We used the non-parametric criterion of Mann-Whitney. The obtained results showed that the right ITA "in situ" may be used for bypass grafting of the RCA system, excluding the risk of graft tension, if the perpendicular from the 6th intercostal space crosses the sharp edge of the heart 1.5-2 cm distal to the medial point, with the minimum number of complications after 1.5±0.3 years (7.1%). When the above-mentioned perpendicular is located proximal to the middle point of the sharp edge of the heart it is possible to use the right ITA "in situ" for the RCA system thanks to passing the conduit through the right pleural cavity under the anterior segment of the upper lobe and the medial segment of the middle lobe of the right lung with no complications after 1 year. The method of composite bypass grafting by means of the proximal segment of the right ITA "in situ" and the RA makes it possible to effectively revascularize any portions of the coronary bed (latency 94.7% after 3.0±0.8 years), to avoid manipulations on the aorta, and to save the bed of the right ITA in the middle and distal

  12. Evaluation of internal carotid artery segmentation by InsightSNAP

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spangler, Emily L.; Brown, Christopher; Roberts, John A.; Chapman, Brian E.

    2007-03-01

    Quantification of cervical carotid geometry may facilitate improved clinical decision making and scientific discovery. We set out to evaluate the ability of InsightSNAP (ITK-SNAP), an open-source segmentation program for 3D medical images (http://www.itksnap.org, version 1.4), to semi-automatically segment internal carotid arteries. A sample of five individuals (three normal volunteers, and two diseased patients) were imaged with an MR exam consisting of a MOTSA TOF MRA image volume and multiple black blood images acquired with different contrast weightings. Comparisons were made to a manual segmentation created during simultaneous evaluation of the MOTSA image and the various black blood images (typically PD-weighted, T1-weighted, and T2-weighted). These individuals were selected as a training set to determine acceptable parameters for ITK-SNAP's semi-automatic level sets segmentation method. The conclusion from this training set was that the initial thresholding (assigning probabilities to the intensities of image pixels) in the image pre-processing step was most important to obtaining an acceptable segmentation. Unfortunately no consistent trends emerged in how this threshold should be chosen. Figures of percent over- and under-segmentation were computed as a means of comparing the hand segmented and semi-automatically segmented internal carotids. Overall the under-segmentation by ITK-SNAP (voxels included in the manual segmentation but not in the semiautomated segmentation) was 10.94% +/- 6.35% while the over-segmentation (voxels excluded in the manual segmentation but included in the semi-automated segmentation) was 8.16% +/- 4.40% defined by reference to the total number of voxels included in the manual segmentation.

  13. An international physician survey of pulmonary arterial hypertension management

    PubMed Central

    Hinzmann, Barbara; Heinz, Sabina; Gall, Henning; Jenkins, David; Kim, Nick H.; Lang, Irene

    2016-01-01

    Abstract We conducted an international study to evaluate practices in the diagnosis and management of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) globally across different geographic regions. Between July and October 2012, PAH-treating physicians completed a 15-minute online questionnaire and provided patient record data for their 3 or 5 most recent patients with PAH. Overall, 560 physicians (Europe: 278; United States: 160; Argentina: 53; Japan: 69) completed the questionnaire and provided data for 2,618 patients. The proportion of physicians who described themselves as working in or affiliated with a specialized pulmonary hypertension center ranged from 13% in Argentina to 74% in the United States. At the time of diagnosis, patients’ New York Heart Association functional class differed significantly between regions. At the time of last assessment, functional class had improved overall, and differences between regions had largely disappeared. A large proportion of patients did not undergo right heart catheterization for the diagnosis of PAH (Europe: 7%–21%; United States: 21%; Japan: 19%; Argentina: 51%). Variations in management included greater use of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors in the United States than in Europe and Japan and greater use of triple or greater combination therapy in Japan than in other regions. Results from this study, which includes a global aspect of PAH care, demonstrate that there are significant differences in PAH management between regions and low adherence to guidelines recommending right heart catheterization for the diagnosis of PAH. PMID:27683611

  14. Microneurosurgical management of internal carotid artery bifurcation aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Lehecka, Martin; Dashti, Reza; Romani, Rossana; Celik, Ozgür; Navratil, Ondrej; Kivipelto, Leena; Kivisaari, Riku; Shen, Hu; Ishii, Keisuke; Karatas, Ayse; Lehto, Hanna; Kokuzawa, Jouji; Niemelä, Mika; Rinne, Jaakko; Ronkainen, Antti; Koivisto, Timo; Jääskelainen, Juha E; Hernesniemi, Juha

    2009-06-01

    Internal carotid artery bifurcation aneurysms form 2% to 9% of all IAs. They are more frequent in younger patients than other IAs. In this article, we review the practical microsurgical anatomy, the preoperative imaging, surgical planning, and the microneurosurgical steps in the dissection and the clipping of ICAbifAs. This review and the whole series on IAs are mainly based on the personal microneurosurgical experience of the senior author (JH) in 2 Finnish centers (Helsinki and Kuopio), which serve, without patient selection, the catchment area in Southern and Eastern Finland. These 2 centers have treated more than 11 000 patients with IAs since 1951. In the Kuopio Cerebral Aneurysm Database of 3005 patients with 4253 IAs, 831 (28%) patients had altogether 980 ICA aneurysms, of whom 137 patients had 149 (4%) ICAbifAs. Ruptured ICAbifAs, found in 78 (52%) patients, with median size of 8 mm (range, 2-60 mm), were associated with ICH in 15 (19%) patients. Ten (7%) ICAbifAs were giant (> or = 25 mm). Multiple aneurysms were seen in 59 (43%) patients. The ICAbifAs represented 18% of all IAs ruptured before the age of 30 years. The main difficulty in microneurosurgical management of ICAbifAs is to preserve flow in all the perforators surrounding or adherent to the aneurysm dome. This necessitates perfect surgical strategy based on preoperative knowledge of 3D angioarchitecture and proper orientation during the microsurgical dissection.

  15. Clinical outcomes following stent implantation in internal mammary artery grafts.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Arvind K; McGlynn, Scott; Apple, Sue; Pinnow, Ellen; Canos, Daniel A; Gevorkian, Natalie; Tebeica, Mihaela; Gruberg, Luis; Pichard, Augusto D; Lindsay, Joseph

    2003-08-01

    We evaluated our experience with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts. From the institution's database we identified 288 patients with 311 IMA lesions. Of these, 82 (26.4%) had stents placed during PCI. Angiographic success was 92%. Mortality at 1 month was 1.7%, myocardial infarction (MI) 15.7%, and target lesion revascularization (TLR) 0.4%. Cumulative 1-year event rates were mortality 6.4%, MI 20.4%, and TLR 8.0%. TLR rates were significantly higher in the stented lesions than lesions treated with angioplasty alone (19.2% vs. 4.9%; P = 0.004). The higher TLR rate in stented lesions was most apparent at the anastomotic site (25.0% vs. 4.2%; P = 0.006). Percutaneous revascularization of IMA grafts can be performed safely with high procedural success and excellent short- and long-term results. Stenting, particularly at the anastomotic site, was associated with significantly greater rates of TLR than angioplasty alone.

  16. Arteries of the anterior wall of the maxilla in sinus lift surgery.

    PubMed

    Rysz, M; Ciszek, B; Rogowska, M; Krajewski, R

    2014-09-01

    Knowledge of the anatomical course of the anterior maxillary wall and alveolar process arteries is essential for sinus lift procedures. The aim of this study was to analyse the localization of anastomoses between the infraorbital and posterior superior alveolar artery on 101 computed tomography (CT) scans of maxillary sinuses (patients aged 18-70 years). The distance from the anastomosis to the bone point was measured on CT scans for each tooth location; for edentulous patients measurements were made to the lower edge of the alveolar process, and for dentate patients to the neck of the tooth. Measurements were done independently by two observers. The anastomosis analysed was identified on 50% of CT scans. The distance to the anastomosis was longest above the premolar (20.4 mm from tooth cervical line) and shortest above the first molar (15.9 mm to the edge of the alveolar process). The anastomosis can be localized on a CT scan for exact positioning of the antrotomy in 50% of patients. For the remaining patients, the anatomical information provided in this study can be used to reduce the risk of damage to the anastomosis. This study provides information on the distance from the anastomosis to the neck of preserved teeth in partially edentulous patients, which can be used as a reference point during sinus lift procedures. Copyright © 2014 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Evidence for Shear Stress-Mediated Dilation of the Internal Carotid Artery in Humans.

    PubMed

    Carter, Howard H; Atkinson, Ceri L; Heinonen, Ilkka H A; Haynes, Andrew; Robey, Elisa; Smith, Kurt J; Ainslie, Philip N; Hoiland, Ryan L; Green, Daniel J

    2016-11-01

    Increases in arterial carbon dioxide tension (hypercapnia) elicit potent vasodilation of cerebral arterioles. Recent studies have also reported vasodilation of the internal carotid artery during hypercapnia, but the mechanism(s) mediating this extracranial vasoreactivity are unknown. Hypercapnia increases carotid shear stress, a known stimulus to vasodilation in other conduit arteries. To explore the hypothesis that shear stress contributes to hypercapnic internal carotid dilation in humans, temporal changes in internal and common carotid shear rate and diameter, along with changes in middle cerebral artery velocity, were simultaneously assessed in 18 subjects at rest and during hypercapnia (6% carbon dioxide). Middle cerebral artery velocity increased significantly (69±10-103±17 cm/s; P<0.01) along with shear in both the internal (316±52-518±105 1/s; P<0.01) and common (188±40-275±61 1/s; P<0.01) carotids. Diameter also increased (P<0.01) in both carotid arteries (internal: +6.3±2.9%; common: +5.8±3.0%). Following hypercapnia onset, there was a significant delay between the onset of internal carotid shear (22±12 seconds) and diameter change (85±51 seconds). This time course is associated with shear-mediated dilation of larger conduit arteries in humans. There was a strong association between change in shear and diameter of the internal carotid (r=0.68; P<0.01). These data indicate, for the first time in humans, that shear stress is an important stimulus for hypercapnic vasodilation of the internal carotid artery. The combination of a hypercapnic stimulus and continuous noninvasive, high-resolution assessment of internal carotid shear and dilation may provide novel insights into the function and health of the clinically important extracranial arteries in humans. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  18. Successful surgical treatment of a giant right coronary artery aneurysm with a patent left internal thoracic artery graft.

    PubMed

    Nakahara, Yoshinori; Yoshida, Shigehiko; Yamamoto, Yosuke; Uemura, Hisashi; Yamagishi, Shunsuke; Furuhata, Ken; Hanzawa, Yoshikatu; Kanemura, Takeyuki; Osaka, Shinichi

    2017-05-01

    We report a rare case of a giant right coronary artery aneurysm 13 years after coronary artery bypass grafting. Coronary angiography at the time of primary surgery demonstrated irregular aneurysmal dilatation in the mid-right coronary artery that expanded greatly over a 13-year period to a maximum diameter of 80 mm. The patient underwent aneurysmectomy and interposition using a saphenous vein graft through a right lateral thoracotomy. The patient did not undergo dissection or clamping of the left internal thoracic artery graft, and myocardial protection was obtained using systemic hypothermia and hyperkalaemia in addition to continuous antegrade cardioplegia. Postoperatively, coronary computed tomography showed a lack of residual aneurysm and good flow in the saphenous vein graft. The patient made an uneventful recovery.

  19. [A case of medial medullary infarction with persistent primitive hypoglossal artery].

    PubMed

    Jin, Kazutaka; Aihara, Naoto; Tsukamoto, Tetsuro

    2002-04-01

    A 66-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of vomiting, dizziness and vertigo. Neurological examination on admission revealed only upbeat nystagmus without cranial nerve symptoms, paresis, cerebellar signs or sensory disturbances. Magnetic resonance(MR) images demonstrated a new T 2 high intensity and T 1 iso-intensity signal lesion in the right upper medial medulla. This medial medullary infarction caused central vestibular dysfunction. MR angiography and digital subtraction angiography demonstrated a persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) originating from the right internal carotid artery to the vertebrobasilar artery associated with the stenosis of the right internal carotid artery at the level of the cervical bifurcation. This is the first report of medullary infarction with persistent carotid-basilar anastomosis. We suspected this medullary infarction was caused by artery to artery embolism in the branch of the right vertebral artery through the PPHA distal originated from the stenosis of the right internal carotid artery.

  20. Trans-arterial coil embolization of the internal carotid artery in standing horses.

    PubMed

    Benredouane, Kossay; Lepage, Olivier

    2012-04-01

    To develop transarterial coil embolization (TACE) for occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA), in normal standing horses, and to evaluate it use for prevention of hemorrhage in horses with guttural pouch mycosis (GPM). Prospective study. Normal horses (n = 8) and 5 with GPM. Horses had TACE of the ICA in standing position under fluoroscopic guidance. Four normal horses were euthanatized 2 weeks after TACE for morphologic assessment and 4 were followed for 6 months. The 5 clinically affected horses were evaluated for long-term (10-12 months) success rate and complications. No complications related to the TACE were noted. Up to 30 mL warmed meglumine ioxithalamate was injected and well tolerated. Standing angiography confirmed complete occlusion of all vessels, and coils were positioned as intended; the procedure did not alter local hemodynamics. At 2 weeks, maturing to mature continuous thrombi was seen at the site of the coils. Two clinically affected horses died at day 3 and 12 after surgery from other problems. In the 3 surviving horses, mycotic lesions completely resolved without additional treatment. TACE under fluoroscopic guidance in standing horses provided a safe, minimally invasive, and effective method for ICA occlusion and should be recommended for individuals at risk of general anesthesia. Residual neurologic deficits are a common sequela, but they do not reflect a treatment failure. © Copyright 2011 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  1. [A rare cause of oropharyngeal mass: bilateral aberrant internal carotid artery].

    PubMed

    Yılmazer, Rasim; Yılmazer, Ayça Başkadem; Orhan, Kadir Serkan; Damar, Murat; Değer, Kemal

    2013-01-01

    Bilateral pharyngeal internal carotid artery aberration is a rarely seen variation which poses a risk during the surgical interventions of this area. A 74-year-old male patient was admitted to our clinic with the complaints of a sensation of fullness in his throat and dysphagia. Oropharyngeal examination revealed bilateral smooth-surfaced masses in the posterior pharyngeal wall. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an aberrant internal carotid artery. The patient was followed up with necessary warnings. The pulsation on the pharyngeal masses should be definitely evaluated and aberrant internal carotid artery should be kept in mind, if present.

  2. Surgical management for large chest keloids with internal mammary artery perforator flap*

    PubMed Central

    Xue, Dan; Qian, Huan

    2016-01-01

    Therapy for large symptomatic keloids is often plagued with complicated reconstruction manner and recurrence. This article reports a rare treatment combination for a chest keloid with internal mammary artery perforator flap reconstruction and radiation therapy. We excised the keloid and covered the defect with an internal mammary artery perforator flap. Immediate electron-beam irradiation therapy was applied on the second postoperative day. There was no sign of recurrence over the follow-up period of 18 months. The combination of internal mammary artery perforator flap and immediate radiation therapy is useful when faced with chest keloids of similar magnitude and intractability. PMID:26982790

  3. Bilateral internal carotid artery occlusion associated with the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome.

    PubMed

    Anand, Pria; Mann, Sharan K; Fischbein, Nancy J; Lansberg, Maarten G

    2014-01-01

    A 39-year-old woman presented with a right-hemispheric stroke 1 year after she had suffered a left-hemispheric stroke. Her diagnostic workup was notable for bilateral occlusions of the internal carotid arteries at their origins and a positive lupus anticoagulant antibody test. There was no evidence of carotid dissection or another identifiable cause for her carotid occlusions. These findings suggest that the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome may be implicated in the pathological changes that resulted in occlusions of the extracranial internal carotid arteries. Young stroke patients who present with unexplained internal carotid artery occlusions may benefit from testing for the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies.

  4. Bilateral Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion Associated with the Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Anand, Pria; Mann, Sharan K.; Fischbein, Nancy J.; Lansberg, Maarten G.

    2014-01-01

    A 39-year-old woman presented with a right-hemispheric stroke 1 year after she had suffered a left-hemispheric stroke. Her diagnostic workup was notable for bilateral occlusions of the internal carotid arteries at their origins and a positive lupus anticoagulant antibody test. There was no evidence of carotid dissection or another identifiable cause for her carotid occlusions. These findings suggest that the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome may be implicated in the pathological changes that resulted in occlusions of the extracranial internal carotid arteries. Young stroke patients who present with unexplained internal carotid artery occlusions may benefit from testing for the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. PMID:24707268

  5. An Important Clue in the Sonographic Diagnosis of Internal Carotid Artery Agenesis: Ipsilateral Common Carotid Artery Hypoplasia

    PubMed Central

    Kaya, Omer; Yilmaz, Cengiz; Gulek, Bozkurt; Soker, Gokhan; Cikman, Gokalp; Inan, Ibrahim; Demirduzen, Selahaddin

    2014-01-01

    A 42-year-old female patient, who had been diagnosed with an occlusion of her left internal carotid artery (ICA) following Doppler ultrasonographic (US) and digitally-subtracted angiographic (DSA) examinations performed in an outer healthcare center in order to eliminate the underlying cause of her complaint of amorosis fugax, later applied to our hospital with the same complaint. At Doppler US performed in our hospital's radiology department, her right common carotid artery (CCA) was normal, but her left CCA was hypoplastic. The right internal artery (ICA) was validated as normal. At the left side, however, the ICA was apparent only as a stump and it did not demonstrate a continuity. The diagnosis of ICA agenesis was confirmed by the utilization of Doppler US, CT, and DSA imaging, and it was concluded also that ipsilateral CCA hypoplasia could be evaluated as an important clue to the diagnosis of ICA agenesis. PMID:25097789

  6. [Intracranial occlusion of the internal carotid artery after minor closed head injury].

    PubMed

    Nakashima, S; Tomokiyo, M; Koga, H; Furukawa, Y; Nomura, S; Shimokawa, S; Nakagawa, S; Anegawa, S; Hayashi, T

    2001-10-01

    Thrombosis of the extracranial portion of the internal carotid artery as a result of nonpenetrating head and neck injury is not uncommon. However, intracranial occlusion of the internal carotid artery after minor head and neck injury without skull fracture is rare. We report a case of 14-year-old male who suffered a minor head injury during an athletic meeting of his school and developed a right hemiparesis and a lethargy state resulting from thrombosis of the supraclinoid portion of the left internal carotid artery. On admission, skull films and a CT scan revealed no abnormality. One hour later, he fully recovered. One day later, no definite lesions were detected on T1-weighted and T2-weighted image of MRI, but an abnormal high signal lesion in the left frontal lobe was detected on diffusion-weighted image of MRI. On additional MR angiography, intracranial occlusion of the internal carotid artery due to dissection was demonstrated.

  7. Modified Stent-Assisted Coil Embolization Technique to Treat an Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Chowdhury, M. M.; Northeast, A.; Lintott, P.; Liong, W.-C.; Warakaulle, D. R.

    2010-10-15

    Stent-assisted coil embolization is a well-described technique for the treatment of wide-necked intracranial aneurysms. We describe a modification of this technique used successfully to occlude a wide-necked internal iliac artery aneurysm.

  8. Internal carotid artery rupture caused by carotid shunt insertion.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulio; Caliò, Francesco G; Pizzardi, Giulia; Vietri, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    Shunting is a well-accepted method of maintaining cerebral perfusion during carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Nonetheless, shunt insertion may lead to complications including arterial dissection, embolization, and thrombosis. We present a complication of shunt insertion consisting of arterial wall rupture, not reported previously. A 78-year-old woman underwent CEA combined with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). At the time of shunt insertion an arterial rupture at the distal tip of the shunt was detected and was repaired via a small saphenous vein patch. Eversion CEA and subsequent CABG completed the procedure whose postoperative course was uneventful. Shunting during combined CEA-CABG may be advisable to assure cerebral protection from possible hypoperfusion due to potential hemodynamic instability of patients with severe coronary artery disease. Awareness and prompt management of possible shunt-related complications, including the newly reported one, may contribute to limiting their harmful effect. Arterial wall rupture is a possible, previously not reported, shunt-related complication to be aware of when performing CEA. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  9. Internal carotid artery rupture caused by carotid shunt insertion

    PubMed Central

    Illuminati, Giulio; Caliò, Francesco G.; Pizzardi, Giulia; Vietri, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Shunting is a well-accepted method of maintaining cerebral perfusion during carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Nonetheless, shunt insertion may lead to complications including arterial dissection, embolization, and thrombosis. We present a complication of shunt insertion consisting of arterial wall rupture, not reported previously. Presentation of case A 78-year-old woman underwent CEA combined with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). At the time of shunt insertion an arterial rupture at the distal tip of the shunt was detected and was repaired via a small saphenous vein patch. Eversion CEA and subsequent CABG completed the procedure whose postoperative course was uneventful. Discussion Shunting during combined CEA-CABG may be advisable to assure cerebral protection from possible hypoperfusion due to potential hemodynamic instability of patients with severe coronary artery disease. Awareness and prompt management of possible shunt-related complications, including the newly reported one, may contribute to limiting their harmful effect. Conclusion Arterial wall rupture is a possible, previously not reported, shunt-related complication to be aware of when performing CEA. PMID:26255001

  10. Left Lobe Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated with Lipiodol-TAE via the Left Internal Mammary Artery

    SciTech Connect

    Kanetsuki, Ichiro; Hori, Akira; Ohshiro, Kiyoshi; Nishi, Hirokazu; Yasutani, Tadashi; Sueyoshi, Takeshi; Tanaka, Hitoshi

    1997-09-15

    A multinodular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was treated with seven transarterial interventions via the hepatic artery over a 2-year, 5-month period before the eighth angiography showed a recurrent HCC in the anterior portion of the left hepatic lobe. The left internal mammary artery (IMA) was feeding the tumor. This was successfully treated with Lipiodol-transcatheter arterial embolization using a coaxial system via a branch of the left IMA. No complications resulted from the procedure. The left IMA should be considered as a possible feeding artery to an HCC occurring in the anterior portion of the left hepatic lobe.

  11. Clinical Correlation of Early Atelectasis after Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Harvest for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

    PubMed

    Dennie, Carole; Gee, Yen-Yen; Oikonomou, Anastasia; Thornhill, Rebecca; Rubens, Fraser

    2016-06-01

    Atelectasis is a significant complication after cardiac surgery. The current study was designed to assess the significance of atelectasis after bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) harvest. The ICU admission chest x-ray of 565 patients undergoing BITA was reviewed. Linear regression modelling was used to assess the relationship between atelectasis and oxygenation as well as patient variables to length of ventilation and length of stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Eighty-nine patients (15.8%) had Grade 2/3 atelectasis which was significantly more common on the left as compared to the right (left 0.149 95% CI [0.119-0.178], right 0.027 95% CI [0.013-0.040], p<0.001). Grade 2/3 atelectasis on the right was associated with a significant drop in the pO2 (p=0.001) and the per cent O2-fractional O2 (PF) ratio (p=0.002). Factors associated with increased ventilation time included presence of Grade 2/3 atelectasis (p=0.001) and peripheral vascular disease (PVD) (p<0.001), both of which were predictors of prolonged ICU length of stay (p=0.002 and p<0.001 respectively). Early atelectasis is related to impaired oxygenation, prolonged ventilation and prolonged ICU stay. Future research should focus on strategies to minimise atelectasis and to determine if these changes translate into better patient outcomes. Copyright © 2015 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Treatment of a Left Internal Mammary Artery to Pulmonary Artery Fistula with Polytetrafluoroethylene Covered Stents: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect

    Abbott, J. Dawn; Brennan, Joseph J.; Remetz, Michael S.

    2004-01-15

    Internal mammary artery (IMA) to pulmonary artery (PA) fistula is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) that may present as myocardial ischemia. We describe a case of left IMA-to-PA fistula treated with balloon expandable coronary polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft stents and review previously reported cases of this entity.

  13. Abdominal aorta anastomosis in rats and stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157, prophylaxis and therapy.

    PubMed

    Hrelec, M; Klicek, R; Brcic, L; Brcic, I; Cvjetko, I; Seiwerth, S; Sikiric, P

    2009-12-01

    We focused on abdominal aorta, clamped and transected bellow renal arteries, and aortic termino-terminal anastomosis created in Albino male rats. We suggested stomach cytoprotection theory holding endothelium protection and peptidergic anti-ulcer cytoprotection therapy to improve management of abdominal aorta anastomosis and thrombus formation. The stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 (GEPPPGKPADDAGLV, MW 1419) is a small anti-ulcer peptide efficient in inflammatory bowel disease trials (PL 14736) and various wound treatment, no toxicity reported. After 24 h following aortic termino-terminal anastomosis, we shown that BPC 157 (10 microg/kg) may also decrease formation of cloth after aortic termino-terminal anastomosis and preserved walking ability and muscle strength when given as a bath immediately after aortic anastomosis creation. This may be important since aortic termino-terminal anastomosis is normally presenting in rats with a formed cloth obstructing more than third of aortic lumen, severely impaired walking ability, painful screaming and weak muscle strength. Thereby, the effect of BPC 157 (10 microg/kg) was additionally studied at 24 h following aortic termino-terminal anastomosis. Given at the that point, intraperitoneally, within 3 minutes post-application interval the pentadecapeptide BPC 157 rapidly recovered the function of lower limbs and muscle strength while no cloth could be seen in those rats at the anastomosis site.

  14. Asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis and cerebrovascular risk stratification.

    PubMed

    Nicolaides, Andrew N; Kakkos, Stavros K; Kyriacou, Efthyvoulos; Griffin, Maura; Sabetai, Michael; Thomas, Dafydd J; Tegos, Thomas; Geroulakos, George; Labropoulos, Nicos; Doré, Caroline J; Morris, Tim P; Naylor, Ross; Abbott, Anne L

    2010-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the cerebrovascular risk stratification potential of baseline degree of stenosis, clinical features, and ultrasonic plaque characteristics in patients with asymptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis. This was a prospective, multicenter, cohort study of patients undergoing medical intervention for vascular disease. Hazard ratios for ICA stenosis, clinical features, and plaque texture features associated with ipsilateral cerebrovascular or retinal ischemic (CORI) events were calculated using proportional hazards models. A total of 1121 patients with 50% to 99% asymptomatic ICA stenosis in relation to the bulb (European Carotid Surgery Trial [ECST] method) were followed-up for 6 to 96 months (mean, 48). A total of 130 ipsilateral CORI events occurred. Severity of stenosis, age, systolic blood pressure, increased serum creatinine, smoking history of more than 10 pack-years, history of contralateral transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or stroke, low grayscale median (GSM), increased plaque area, plaque types 1, 2, and 3, and the presence of discrete white areas (DWAs) without acoustic shadowing were associated with increased risk. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed for predicted risk versus observed CORI events as a measure of model validity. The areas under the ROC curves for a model of stenosis alone, a model of stenosis combined with clinical features and a model of stenosis combined with clinical, and plaque features were 0.59 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.54-0.64), 0.66 (0.62-0.72), and 0.82 (0.78-0.86), respectively. In the last model, stenosis, history of contralateral TIAs or stroke, GSM, plaque area, and DWAs were independent predictors of ipsilateral CORI events. Combinations of these could stratify patients into different levels of risk for ipsilateral CORI and stroke, with predicted risk close to observed risk. Of the 923 patients with ≥ 70% stenosis, the predicted cumulative

  15. A rare cause of massive haematuria: Internal iliac artery-ureteric fistula.

    PubMed

    Rao, Ahsan M; Khalil, Ahmed; Suttie, Stuart

    2015-04-01

    Ureteric fistula into the arterial tree is a well-recognised, but uncommon condition. The involvement of internal iliac artery is rare. We present a rare case of fistulous communication and subsequent infection of an internal iliac artery aneurysm and ureter secondary to insertion of ureteric stent following endovascular exclusion of the aneurysm and its management. Nephrostogram identified the fistula not seen on computerised tomography. This case highlights the awareness of such pathology allowing for prompt recognition of the condition and importance of appropriate imaging.

  16. Shear-mediated dilation of the internal carotid artery occurs independent of hypercapnia.

    PubMed

    Hoiland, Ryan L; Smith, Kurt J; Carter, Howard H; Lewis, Nia C S; Tymko, Michael M; Wildfong, Kevin W; Bain, Anthony R; Green, Daniel J; Ainslie, Philip N

    2017-07-01

    Evidence for shear stress as a regulator of carotid artery dilation in response to increased arterial CO2 was recently demonstrated in humans during sustained elevations in CO2 (hypercapnia); however, the relative contributions of CO2 and shear stress to this response remains unclear. We examined the hypothesis that, after a 30-s transient increase in arterial CO2 tension and consequent increase in internal carotid artery shear stress, internal carotid artery diameter would increase, indicating shear-mediated dilation, in the absence of concurrent hypercapnia. In 27 healthy participants, partial pressures of end-tidal O2 and CO2, ventilation (pneumotachography), blood pressure (finger photoplethysmography), heart rate (electrocardiogram), internal carotid artery flow, diameter, and shear stress (high-resolution duplex ultrasound), and middle cerebral artery blood velocity (transcranial Doppler) were measured during 4-min steady-state and transient 30-s hypercapnic tests (both +9 mmHg CO2). Internal carotid artery dilation was lower in the transient compared with steady-state hypercapnia (3.3 ± 1.9 vs. 5.3 ± 2.9%, respectively, P < 0.03). Increases in internal carotid artery shear stress preceded increases in diameter in both transient (time: 16.8 ± 13.2 vs. 59.4 ± 60.3 s, P < 0.01) and steady-state (time: 18.2 ± 14.2 vs. 110.3 ± 79.6 s, P < 0.01) tests. Internal carotid artery dilation was positively correlated with shear rate area under the curve in the transient (r(2) = 0.44, P < 0.01) but not steady-state (r(2) = 0.02, P = 0.53) trial. Collectively, these results suggest that hypercapnia induces shear-mediated dilation of the internal carotid artery in humans. This study further promotes the application and development of hypercapnia as a clinical strategy for the assessment of cerebrovascular vasodilatory function and health in humans.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Shear stress dilates the internal carotid artery in humans. This vasodilatory response occurs independent

  17. Giant Extracranial Aneurysm of the Internal Carotid Artery in Neurofibromatosis Type 1

    PubMed Central

    Moratti, C.; Andersson, T.

    2012-01-01

    Summary Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by cutaneous pigmentations, neurofibromas, Lisch nodules and neuroectodermal tumors. Supra-aortic vessel aneurysms may affect patients with NF-1 and can be associated with rupture, ischemic complications and compression symptoms. We describe a 48-year-old woman with NF-1 and an extracranial 3×5 cm right internal carotid artery aneurysm. After balloon test occlusion the patient was treated with parent artery sacrifice which led to significant shrinkage on follow-up MR and reduction of compression symptoms. The literature concerning internal carotid artery aneurysms associated with NF-1 is reviewed evaluating the possible therapeutic options. PMID:22958775

  18. Rescue revision techniques for end-to-side anastomosis: Technical note.

    PubMed

    Horiuchi, Tetsuyoshi; Tsutsumi, Keiji; Hasegawa, Takatoshi; Hongo, Kazuhiro

    2014-01-01

    Extracranial-intracranial bypass operation is an essential procedure for cerebrovascular surgeons. Proper procedure of the bypass requires special skills, selected instruments, and training in the microsurgical laboratory. In spite of the high success rate for extracranial-intracranial bypass, a potential pitfall while performing an end-to-side anastomosis is poor blood flow or occlusion at the anastomotic site during surgery. If this happens, revision procedure is necessary. We introduce our salvage techniques for anastomosis revision with or without recipient artery occlusion. With this method, ischemic complication related to revision procedure minimizes ischemic complications. The present technique is a simple method for anastomosis revision.

  19. The right vertebral artery arising as a branch of the right internal carotid artery: report of a rare case.

    PubMed

    Bailey, Marc A; Holroyd, Helen R; Patel, Jai V; Lansbury, Alistair J; Scott, D Julian A

    2009-12-01

    Atypical origins of the vertebral artery (VA) are rare anatomical findings. We present an extremely rare arrangement of the cerebral circulation in a 61-year-old male patient detected on magnetic resonance angiography, where the right VA arose as a direct branch of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA). This likely reflects the failure of the pro-atlantal artery to regress during the third to fourth week of embryological life. Although the effect of the variant on symptomology is debateable, knowledge of the potential for the VA to arise as a branch of the ICA is pertinent to radiologists and surgeons operating on the great vessels and their branches, particularly vascular surgeons undertaking carotid endarterectomy.

  20. Isolated internal carotid artery dissection in a long-distance runner

    PubMed Central

    Koczewski, Paweł; Gabriel, Marcin; Kociemba, Wojciech

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) in the precranial segment, which caused binocular visual impairment in a 49-year-old man during a marathon race. The incident lasted 3 h, after which the symptoms resolved. Imaging tests showed internal carotid artery dissection. No ophthalmologic changes were identified. After 6 weeks of ineffective non-invasive treatment the patient underwent vascular surgery – stent implantation into the damaged artery. Detailed diagnostic tests and adequate treatment allowed us to achieve a good clinical result. Upon the suspicion of ICAD it is recommended to extend standard Doppler ultrasound performed with a linear transducer and evaluate the proximal segment of the internal carotid artery with a curved transducer as well. PMID:28194253

  1. Endovascular Repair of Internal Mammary Artery Aneurysms in Two Sisters with SMAD3 Mutation.

    PubMed

    Nevidomskyte, Daiva; Shalhub, Sherene; Aldea, Gabriel S; Byers, Peter H; Schwarze, Ulrike; Murray, Mitzi L; Starnes, Benjamin

    2017-03-07

    True aneurysms of the internal mammary artery are rare and have been described in association with vasculitis or connective tissue disorders. Herein we describe two cases of familial internal mammary artery aneurysms in two sisters with SMAD3 mutation. The older sister presented at the age of 54 with an incidental diagnosis of a multilobed right internal mammary artery aneurysm (IMA) and the younger sister presented several years earlier with a ruptured left IMA aneurysm at the age of 49. Both sisters had Debakey type I aortic dissections prior to the IMA aneurysm presentation. To our knowledge this is the first time IMA aneurysms has been described in siblings with SMAD3 mutation. In our experience endovascular repair is a feasible and safe treatment option. An assessment of the entire arterial tree is recommended in patients diagnosed with SMAD3 mutations.

  2. Bilateral internal carotid artery and vertebral artery dissections with retinal artery occlusion after a roller coaster ride - case report and a review.

    PubMed

    Ozkan Arat, Yonca; Volpi, John; Arat, Anıl; Klucznik, Richard; Diaz, Orlando

    2011-01-01

    We present the first case of a woman with no significant medical history who developed dissections of bilateral carotid and bilateral vertebral arteries, as well as a retinal artery occlusion, after a roller coaster ride. A 35-year-old woman developed right-sided neck pain followed by a frontal headache immediately after a roller coaster ride. Five days after the incident, she developed complete loss of vision in her right eye for two hours. Subsequently, the vision improved but remained significantly decreased. On presentation, her visual acuity was 20/200 in the right and 20/20 in the left eye. Her fundus exam revealed retinal edema in the superotemporal retinal artery distribution without any visible emboli. Her neurological exam was otherwise normal. The cerebral angiogram showed bilateral internal carotid and vertebral artery dissections. The patient remained stable with conservative therapy without further worsening of vision or any new neurological deficits. Outcomes for cervicocephalic arterial dissection are usually favorable, but early diagnosis is critical for initiation of appropriate treatment of possible complications. Physicians must have a high index of suspicion for arterial dissection when patients note any headache, neck pain or vertigo triggered by violent motion after leisure activities such as roller coaster rides.

  3. Triple sequential grafts using the internal mammary artery. An angiographic and short-term follow-up study.

    PubMed

    van Sterkenburg, S M; Ernst, S M; Brutel de la Rivière, A; Defauw, J A; Hamerlynck, R P; Knaepen, P J; van Swieten, H A; Vermeulen, F E

    1992-07-01

    Between December 1984 and December 1988, coronary artery bypass operations, involving the use of 119 sequential internal mammary artery grafts with three or more anastomoses per conduit, were performed in 116 patients. Patients included 14 women and 102 men, with a mean age of 60 years. They received a total of 629 anastomoses; 373 anastomoses were used in multiple sequential arterial bypass grafts; 116 sequential left and three right internal mammary artery jump grafts were performed. There were 27 patients with bilateral internal mammary artery grafts, but only 17 had completely arterial revascularizations. Perioperative infarction occurred in 3.4% of the patients; 1.7% of infarctions were related to sequential internal mammary artery grafts. There were no hospital deaths. Control angiography was performed within a month of the operation in 72 patients (with 371 anastomoses, of which 229 were in sequential arterial bypass grafts). The overall patency rate was 94.6%, and for the internal mammary artery sequential graft with three or more anastomoses it was 96.1%. The mean follow-up period was 13 months; 110 patients were in New York Heart Association class I; there was one non-cardiac-related death, and three patients (2.6%) had a late myocardial infarction. One was related to the area revascularized by the sequential internal mammary artery graft. Multiple sequential internal mammary artery bypass grafts in coronary artery disease are feasible, with a high short-term patency and a low perioperative morbidity and mortality.

  4. Randomized Trial of Bilateral versus Single Internal-Thoracic-Artery Grafts.

    PubMed

    Taggart, David P; Altman, Douglas G; Gray, Alastair M; Lees, Belinda; Gerry, Stephen; Benedetto, Umberto; Flather, Marcus

    2016-12-29

    The use of bilateral internal thoracic (mammary) arteries for coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) may improve long-term outcomes as compared with the use of a single internal-thoracic-artery plus vein grafts. We randomly assigned patients scheduled for CABG to undergo single or bilateral internal-thoracic-artery grafting in 28 cardiac surgical centers in seven countries. The primary outcome was death from any cause at 10 years. The composite of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, or stroke was a secondary outcome. Interim analyses were prespecified at 5 years of follow-up. A total of 3102 patients were enrolled; 1554 were randomly assigned to undergo single internal-thoracic-artery grafting (the single-graft group) and 1548 to undergo bilateral internal-thoracic-artery grafting (the bilateral-graft group). At 5 years of follow-up, the rate of death was 8.7% in the bilateral-graft group and 8.4% in the single-graft group (hazard ratio, 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.81 to 1.32; P=0.77), and the rate of the composite of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, or stroke was 12.2% and 12.7%, respectively (hazard ratio, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.17; P=0.69). The rate of sternal wound complication was 3.5% in the bilateral-graft group versus 1.9% in the single-graft group (P=0.005), and the rate of sternal reconstruction was 1.9% versus 0.6% (P=0.002). Among patients undergoing CABG, there was no significant difference between those receiving single internal-thoracic-artery grafts and those receiving bilateral internal-thoracic-artery grafts with regard to mortality or the rates of cardiovascular events at 5 years of follow-up. There were more sternal wound complications with bilateral internal-thoracic-artery grafting than with single internal-thoracic-artery grafting. Ten-year follow-up is ongoing. (Funded by the British Heart Foundation and others; ART Current Controlled Trials number, ISRCTN46552265 .).

  5. Comprehensive Analysis of Chicken Vessels as Microvascular Anastomosis Training Model

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Bo Young; Jeon, Byung-Joon; Lee, Kyeong-Tae

    2017-01-01

    Background Nonliving chickens are commonly used as a microvascular anastomosis training model. However, previous studies have investigated only a few types of vessel, and no study has compared the characteristics of the various vessels. The present study evaluated the anatomic characteristics of various chicken vessels as a training model. Methods Eight vessels—the brachial artery, basilic vein, radial artery, ulnar artery, ischiatic artery and vein, cranial tibial artery, and common dorsal metatarsal artery—were evaluated in 26 fresh chickens and 30 chicken feet for external diameter (ED) and thicknesses of the tunica adventitia and media. The dissection time from skin incision to application of vessel clamps was also measured. Results The EDs of the vessels varied. The ischiatic vein had the largest ED of 2.69±0.33 mm, followed by the basilic vein (1.88±0.36 mm), ischiatic artery (1.68±0.24 mm), common dorsal metatarsal artery (1.23±0.23 mm), cranial tibial artery (1.18±0.19 mm), brachial artery (1.08±0.15 mm), ulnar artery (0.82±0.13 mm), and radial artery (0.56±0.12 mm), and the order of size was consistent across all subjects. Thicknesses of the tunica adventitia and media were also diverse, ranging from 74.09±19.91 µm to 158.66±40.25 µm (adventitia) and from 31.2±7.13 µm to 154.15±46.48 µm (media), respectively. Mean dissection time was <3 minutes for all vessels. Conclusions Our results suggest that nonliving chickens can provide various vessels with different anatomic characteristics, which can allow trainees the choice of an appropriate microvascular anastomosis training model depending on their purpose and skillfulness. PMID:28194342

  6. A unique case of penetrating neck and cervical spine trauma resulting in vertebral artery transection and internal carotid artery laceration.

    PubMed

    Marston, Alexander P; Montenegro, Monique M; Oldenburg, Michael S; Thom, Joshua T; Driscoll, Colin L W

    2016-01-01

    Describe the presentation and treatment of a patient who suffered a penetrating cervical trauma resulting in occlusion of the vertebral and internal carotid arteries. The electronic medical record was used to collect information pertaining to the patient's clinical history. A 20-year-old male suffered a unique penetrating neck injury resulting in simultaneous injuries to the internal carotid and vertebral arteries as demonstrated by pre-operative angiography. Combined endovascular and open surgical approaches were utilized to successfully manage the vascular injuries prior to foreign body extraction. Complex penetrating cervical trauma is best managed with a multidisciplinary and multimodality approach. In appropriately selected patients, pre-operative angiography is a critical diagnostic modality that can prevent life-threatening hemorrhage following foreign body extraction. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Embryonic anastomosis between hypoglossal nerves.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Vázquez, J F; Mérida-Velasco, J R; Verdugo-López, S; Sanz-Casado, J V; Jiménez-Collado, J

    2009-12-01

    This article presents two cases of anastomosis of hypoglossal nerves in the suprahyoid region in human embryos of CR length 10.75 and 17.5 mm. This variation was studied in two human specimens at this stage of development and compared with the normal arrangement of the hypoglossal nerves in embryos at the same stage. The anastomotic branches were of similar caliber to the main trunks. In both cases the anastomosis was located dorsal to the origin of the geniohyoid muscles and caudal to the genioglossus muscles, lying transversally over the cranial face of the body of the hyoid bone anlage. The anastomosis formed a suprahyoid nerve chiasm on the midline in the embryo of 10.75 mm CR length.

  8. Transcranial bypass for spontaneous intracranial carotid artery dissection--a case report.

    PubMed

    Park-Matsumoto, Y C; Tazawa, T

    2000-04-01

    A case of spontaneous intracranial artery dissection (IAD) of the anterior circulation is reported. A 32-year-old man developed left hemiparesis with headache. Angiographies (AGs) showed progressive occlusion of the distal end of the right internal carotid artery. He underwent a superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis 20 days after his initial symptoms. He improved gradually after operation. The prognosis and treatment of IAD are discussed. The authors conclude that cases with IADs of the anterior circulation should be followed up by cerebral AG or magnetic resonance angiography and that early bypass surgery should be considered to prevent massive cerebral infarction in some cases.

  9. Position and relative size of the vertebral artery according to age: Implications for internal jugular vein access.

    PubMed

    Jung, Chul-Woo; Jalilov, Gulomjon; Song, In-Kyung; Kim, Eun-Hee; Kim, Hee-Soo; Kim, Jin-Tae; Lee, Ji-Hyun

    2017-10-01

    The purpose of this retrospective observational study was to investigate the anatomical characteristics of the vertebral artery in pediatric patients using computed tomography images. We evaluated anatomical characteristics of the right and left vertebral artery at the cricoid level and at a lower level, which was mid-level between the cricoid cartilage and the origin of vertebral artery from the subclavian artery. At each level, the cross-sectional areas of the vertebral artery and internal jugular vein, the relative size of vertebral artery to internal jugular vein, the minimum distance between them, and the extent of overlap between them were investigated. According to the chest computed tomography images of 344 patients, the sizes of internal jugular vein and vertebral artery were found to increase with age. On the other hand, the relative size of the vertebral artery to internal jugular vein was found to increase conversely with decreasing age. The distance between the vertebral artery and internal jugular vein increased with age at both sides and levels. The vertebral artery was mostly located at the medial side of the internal jugular vein, and overlapped with the internal jugular vein in at least 54% of the patients at the cricoid level and in 74% at the lower level. The theoretical risk of vertebral artery puncture is higher in younger children during internal jugular vein catheterization. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Artificial embolization of carotid-cavernous fistula with post-operative patency of internal carotid artery

    PubMed Central

    Isamat, Fabian; Salleras, V.; Miranda, A. M.

    1970-01-01

    This report deals with a patient of 86 who developed a carotid-cavernous fistula. Artificial embolization alone was considered the safest treatment for this patient and proved to be adequate. Post-operative preservation of the patency of the internal carotid artery was demonstrated by angiography. We believe this method is particularly appropriate for carotid-cavernous fistulas if it is demonstrated by angiography that the major blood flow of the carotid artery pours into the fistula. A soft-iron clip attached to the muscle can be used for external and forceful guidance of the embolus into the fistula with the help of an electromagnet, hence the patency of the internal carotid artery can be preserved. The embolus should be introduced through the external carotid artery. This is the only case known to us in which patency of the internal carotid artery was post-operatively maintained. We have reviewed 545 reported cases of surgically treated carotid-cavernous fistulas and analysed the results from simple cervical carotid ligation to the more sophisticated methods of artificial embolizations. The results obtained by artificial embolization have been consistently good, while the other techniques have failed in large percentages. Artificial embolization should be used as the primary treatment for carotid-cavernous fistula, since ligation of the internal carotid artery precludes its embolization at a later date. Images PMID:5478949

  11. Myocardial revascularization with both internal thoracic arteries 25 years after delayed repair for aortic coarctation.

    PubMed

    Gaudino, Mario; Farina, Piero; Cammertoni, Federico; Massetti, Massimo

    2015-02-01

    Aortic coarctation has been reported to cause alterations in the internal thoracic arteries that make these vessels unsuitable to be used as grafts for myocardial revascularization, especially if coarctation repair was performed in adulthood. This is the first reported bilateral internal thoracic grafting for myocardial revascularization in a patient who had undergone aortic coarctation repair 25 years earlier.

  12. Histologic and physiologic evaluation of skeletonized internal thoracic artery harvesting with an ultrasonic scalpel.

    PubMed

    Higami, T; Maruo, A; Yamashita, T; Shida, T; Ogawa, K

    2000-12-01

    The safety and reliability of a method of skeletonized internal thoracic artery harvesting with an ultrasonic scalpel (Harmonic Scalpel; Ethicon Endo-Surgery, CVG, Cincinnati, Ohio) were evaluated. The mural branches of the internal thoracic artery were cut by means of 3 methods, differentiated by distance from the site of application of the Harmonic Scalpel blade to the internal thoracic artery. A total of 15 branches were cut from the internal thoracic artery at (0 mm) the origin (group I) or at 1 mm (group II) or 2 mm (group III) distal to the origin. Tissue preparations were examined for successful vessel closure and severity of tissue damage. The length of stump (L) and the length of tissue damage from the stump (D) were determined by a computer image analysis system, and pressure testing was performed to evaluate the physical strength of vessel closure. In group I, 8 of the 15 branches exhibited discontinuity of the vascular wall structure, probably because of insufficient sealing of the divided section, and 12 of the 15 branches exhibited tissue denaturation on the internal thoracic artery wall adjacent to areas of origin, which was probably caused by the heat transferred from the branches during the process of coagulation. In groups II and III, continuity of wall structure of stumps suggestive of stable closure of branches was confirmed. The lengths of tissue damage from the stump (D) were 0.96, 0.58, and 0.63 mm in groups I, II, and III, respectively, and the lengths of intact area (L - D) in the corresponding groups were -0.78, 0.61, and 1.51 mm. The negative figure in group I indicates the presence of tissue damage in the internal thoracic artery itself. By contrast, in groups II and III the internal thoracic arteries were intact, with a safety margin of greater than 0.5 mm. On physiologic evaluation of vessel closure, 2 of the 24 (8.3%) branches burst under a pressure lower than 350 mm Hg because of insufficient vessel coagulation, but the remaining 22

  13. Stent-Graft Repair of a Large Cervical Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm Causing Dysphagia

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Vivek Niranjan, Khandelwal; Rawat, Lokesh; Gupta, A. K.

    2009-05-15

    Pseudoaneurysms of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) are rare and most frequently result from trauma, infection, or sometimes spontaneously. They have the potential to cause life-threatening hemorrhage; thus, their immediate management is necessary. Endovascular treatment by stent graft placement in the affected artery appears to be a safe and effective treatment option. We present a case of a child who presented with neck swelling and dysphagia caused by a ruptured cervical ICA pseudoaneurysm which was managed by stent graft placement.

  14. Pseudoaneurysm of the internal iliac artery resulting in massive per-rectal bleeding

    PubMed Central

    Arthur, T.I.; Gillespie, C.J.; Butcher, W.; Lu, C.T.

    2013-01-01

    Rectal bleeding is a common reason for presentation to hospital, with large bleeds most commonly caused by diverticular disease and angiodysplasia. Here we present an unusual aetiology of massive per-rectal bleeding attributable to pseudoaneurysm of the internal iliac artery leading to an arterial fistula to the distal large bowel. It is hoped the case will serve as a reminder that rectal bleeding can have a less common aetiology. PMID:24964318

  15. Aortic dissection decades following internal carotid artery dissection--report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Schievink, W I; Mokri, B

    1997-11-01

    Recurrent dissections involving carotid, vertebral, or renal arteries have been described in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissections, with a maximal interval between dissections of fourteen years. The authors describe 2 patients in whom aortic dissections developed twenty-five and forty years, respectively, following carotid artery dissections. These 2 patients constituted 8% of the total number of patients from Rochester, Minnesota, who were diagnosed with aortic dissection between 1987 and 1992. The first patient, a forty-five-year-old woman, presented in 1948 with right neck pain and headache, associated with several episodes of transient numbness of the right face and numbness and clumsiness of the left upper and lower extremities. Examination showed right miosis. Angiography showed a stenosis of the extracranial right internal carotid artery beginning several centimeters from the bifurcation. She died at age eighty-five from an aortic dissection. The second patient, a thirty-eight-year-old man, noted left orbital and frontotemporal headaches and drooping of the left eyelid in 1962. Examination showed left oculosympathetic palsy. Angiography showed stenosis and an aneurysm in the midportion of the extracranial left internal carotid artery. He died at age sixty-three from an aortic dissection. These cases suggest that following a carotid artery dissection the risk of a recurrent arterial dissection may remain elevated for a prolonged period of time and the recurrent dissection may involve the aorta.

  16. Massive Hemorrhage from Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm Successfully Treated by Transcatheter Arterial Embolization with Assessment of Regional Cerebral Oxygenation

    SciTech Connect

    Kakizawa, Hideaki Toyota, Naoyuki; Hieda, Masashi; Hirai, Nobuhiko; Tachikake, Toshihiro; Horiguchi, Jun; Ito, Katsuhide

    2005-05-15

    A 54-year-old male presented with intermittent massive hemorrhage from recurrent oropharyngeal cancer. The angiogram showed the encasements at the main trunk of the left internal carotid artery (ICA) and external carotid artery (ECA). Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) of the ECA with gelatin sponge particles and microcoils was performed. However, hemorrhage recurred several hours after the initial TAE. The second angiogram showed a large pseudoaneurysm of the ICA developing at the encasement on the initial angiogram. As a simple neurologic test, regional cerebral oxygenation (rSO{sub 2}) was assessed with and without manual compression of the common carotid artery (CCA). With compression of the left CCA, the rSO{sub 2} did not change. We therefore performed isolation of the pseudoaneurysm. We embolized proximally and distally to the ICA pseudoaneurysm with microcoils and the pseudoaneurysm disappeared. No major complications occurred and no massive hemorrhage recurred until death from the cancer. TAE was an effective treatment for massive hemorrhage caused by tumor invasion to ICA. Assessment of rSO{sub 2} was a simple and useful neurologic test predicting the cerebral blood flow to prevent complications of TAE.

  17. Crossover chimney technique to preserve the internal iliac artery in abdominal aortic aneurysm with common iliac artery aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Wu, I-Hui; Chan, Chih-Yang; Chen, Yih-Sharng; Huang, Shu-Chien; Wang, Shoei-Shen; Chi, Nai-Hsin

    2013-06-01

    To report a new technique to preserve the internal iliac artery (IIA) in cases of aortoiliac aneurysms. Under bilateral common femoral artery (CFA) exposure, a crossover sheath was inserted from the contralateral CFA to the ipsilateral IIA involved in the common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysm. A Viabahn stent-graft was positioned 2 cm inside the IIA. The main body abdominal stent-graft was inserted through the ipsilateral CFA with distal sealing in the external iliac artery (EIA). The gate was cannulated, and the limb extension was positioned in the contralateral CIA near the IIA orifice. After the first Viabahn deployment, a second device was deployed with a minimum 1-cm overlap inside the first Viabahn and 2 mm distal to the limb extension. For bilateral CIA aneurysms, the Viabahn and extension limb were landed in the EIA with IIA embolization. In the past year, this technique has been used in 5 patients with success. There was no acute branch occlusion or type I endoleak from the IIA or chimney graft gutters on imaging studies up to 6 months. This technique is easy to use and avoids the brachial access of the sandwich technique and the additional cost of an iliac branch device.

  18. "Two-coil technique" for embolization of small internal carotid artery aneurysms incorporating the origin of the anterior choroidal artery.

    PubMed

    Heo, Young Jin; Yang, Ku Hyun; Jung, Sung Chul; Park, Jung Cheol; Lee, Deok Hee

    2016-08-01

    The purpose of this article is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and stability of the "two-coil technique." We evaluated a single-center experience by using a two-coil technique, which is a variation of the multiple-microcatheter technique in the treatment of a small internal carotid artery aneurysm with its sac incorporated with the origin of the anterior choroidal artery. Six consecutive patients with small ICA aneurysms with its sac incorporated with origin of the anterior choroidal artery and treated with the two-coil technique were included in this study. We finished the embolization with only two coils introduced via two different microcatheters without any other device assistance in all cases. Embolization status was determined at immediate postoperative and follow-up angiography after six months. The two-coil technique was technically successful in five of six cases; one case was converted to surgical clipping because of persistent occlusion of the anterior choroidal artery after several attempts. On follow-up study, all five cases showed stable occlusion status without recanalization or residual aneurysm. The two-coil technique has potential to be used for coiling small aneurysms, particularly where there is an important branch incorporated into the sac or neck of the aneurysm. © The Author(s) 2016.

  19. Technical strategy in a patient with symptomatic thoracic aneurysm near the origin of the left subclavian artery and left internal thoracic artery coronary graft.

    PubMed

    Babic, Srdjan D; Radak, Djordje J; Sotirovic, Vuk A; Unic-Stojanovic, Dragana R; Babic, Dusan S; Popov, Petar Z; Sagic, Dragan Z

    2012-11-01

    Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is a safe and reliable technique utilized in the treatment for aortic aneurysms. However, in up to 40% of patients, devices are typically placed over the left subclavian artery (LSA) origin. In this report, we present a case of a successful TEVAR procedure following the transposition of the LSA with protective carotico-axillary/carotid bypass in a patient with a patent left internal thoracic artery (LITA)-left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery bypass graft and right internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. A comparison of early mortality and morbidity after single and bilateral internal mammary artery grafting with the free right internal mammary artery.

    PubMed Central

    Ashraf, S S; Shaukat, N; Akhtar, K; Love, H; Shaw, J; Rowlands, D J; Keenan, D

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To compare differences in early mortality and morbidity in patients receiving a single internal mammary artery graft (SIMA) with those receiving bilateral internal mammary artery grafts (BIMA) with a free right internal mammary artery (RIMA). DESIGN--Retrospective analysis of 150 patients undergoing BIMA grafting between 1989-1992 who were carefully matched with 150 patients undergoing SIMA grafting between 1987-1992 for known cardiovascular risk factors, extent of coronary disease, left ventricular function, and number of coronary grafts. Operative variables noted included aortic cross clamp time and bypass time. Postoperative cardiac, respiratory, and wound complications were also noted. RESULTS--Operative mortality was 2% in the SIMA group and 1.3% in the BIMA group (NS). Other than the prevalence of ventricular arrhythmias (P = 0.025), which were more common in the BIMA group, there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of postoperative morbidity. At median (interquartile range) follow up of 27.94(0.86) and 23.94(0.74) months for the SIMA and BIMA groups respectively there were no deaths. 87% of the SIMA group and 91% of the BIMA group were free of symptoms at follow up. CONCLUSIONS--The earlier fears regarding increased early mortality and morbidity after BIMA surgery were not confirmed by this study. All patients receiving both mammary arteries had a free rather than pedicle right internal mammary graft. The early mortality and morbidity reported here compares favourably with previous reports on the use of a pedicle graft. PMID:7833188

  1. Angiotensin II stimulates internalization and degradation of arterial myocyte plasma membrane BK channels to induce vasoconstriction.

    PubMed

    Leo, M Dennis; Bulley, Simon; Bannister, John P; Kuruvilla, Korah P; Narayanan, Damodaran; Jaggar, Jonathan H

    2015-09-15

    Arterial smooth muscle cells (myocytes) express large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channel α and auxiliary β1 subunits that modulate arterial contractility. In arterial myocytes, β1 subunits are stored within highly mobile rab11A-positive recycling endosomes. In contrast, BKα subunits are primarily plasma membrane-localized. Trafficking pathways for BKα and whether physiological stimuli that regulate arterial contractility alter BKα localization in arterial myocytes are unclear. Here, using biotinylation, immunofluorescence resonance energy transfer (immunoFRET) microscopy, and RNAi-mediated knockdown, we demonstrate that rab4A-positive early endosomes traffic BKα to the plasma membrane in myocytes of resistance-size cerebral arteries. Angiotensin II (ANG II), a vasoconstrictor, reduced both surface and total BKα, an effect blocked by bisindolylmaleimide-II, concanavalin A, and dynasore, protein kinase C (PKC), internalization, and endocytosis inhibitors, respectively. In contrast, ANG II did not reduce BKα mRNA, and sodium nitroprusside, a nitric oxide donor, did not alter surface BKα protein over the same time course. MG132 and bafilomycin A, proteasomal and lysosomal inhibitors, respectively, also inhibited the ANG II-induced reduction in surface and total BKα, resulting in intracellular BKα accumulation. ANG II-mediated BK channel degradation reduced BK currents in isolated myocytes and functional responses to iberiotoxin, a BK channel blocker, and NS1619, a BK activator, in pressurized (60 mmHg) cerebral arteries. These data indicate that rab4A-positive early endosomes traffic BKα to the plasma membrane in arterial myocytes. We also show that ANG II stimulates PKC-dependent BKα internalization and degradation. These data describe a unique mechanism by which ANG II inhibits arterial myocyte BK currents, by reducing surface channel number, to induce vasoconstriction. Copyright © 2015 the American Physiological Society.

  2. Long-term survival after use of internal thoracic artery in octogenarians is gender related.

    PubMed

    Singh, Arun K; Maslow, Andrew D; Machan, Jason T; Fingleton, James G; Feng, William C; Schwartz, Carl; Rotenberg, Fred A; Bert, Arthur A

    2015-10-01

    The goal of this study is to assess the benefits of a left internal thoracic artery as a bypass conduit in octogenarians undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting. We hypothesize that there is no survival advantage and that outcome may be gender related. In a retrospective analysis of 1141 octogenarians (aged >80 years) undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting from 1996 to 2012, patients were divided into 2 groups: Group I (coronary artery bypass grafting-left internal thoracic artery) included 870 patients (339 female/531 male), and group II (coronary artery bypass grafting-saphenous vein graft) included 271 patients (131 female/140 male). The overall 30-day mortality was 5.7%: 4.3% in group I and 7.0% in group II (P = .1). Group II had a lower trend of any postoperative complication (P = .05) and pneumonia (P = .05). When analyzed by gender, there were no discernable differences in long-term survival for male patients in group I (65% at 5 years and 29% at 10 years) versus male patients in group II (65% at 5 years and 31% at 10 years) (P = .2). However, survival was significantly greater for female patients in group I (70% at 5 years and 35% at 10 years) versus female patients in group II (63% at 5 years and 21% at 19 years) (P = .01). Multiple logistic and Cox regression analysis showed that left internal thoracic artery use is associated with improved survival in female patients (hazard ratio [HR], 0.72; confidence interval [CI], 0.56-0.93) but not in male patients (HR, 1.14; CI, 0.9-1.4). Advanced age was associated with an increased risk of mortality (HR, 1.08 per year; CI, 1.05-1.1). Both patient age (P = .01) and Society of Thoracic Surgeons-predicted 30-day mortality (P = .03) remain in the final model for 30-day mortality. The benefit of the left internal thoracic artery after coronary artery bypass grafting in octogenarians may be gender related. This study shows that the benefit of the left internal thoracic artery in the

  3. Portal flow into the liver through veins at the site of biliary-enteric anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Hashimoto, M; Heianna, J; Yasuda, K; Tate, E; Watarai, J; Shibata, S; Sato, T; Yamamoto, Y

    2005-07-01

    The aim of this study was to establish the role played by jejunal veins in hepatopetal flow after biliary-enteric anastomosis and to evaluate the helical CT features of hepatopetal flow through the anastomosis. We retrospectively analyzed helical CT images of the liver in 31 patients with biliary-enteric anastomosis who underwent hepatic angiography with (n=13) or without (n=18) CT arterial portography within 2 weeks of the CT examination during the last 4 years. Arterial portography showed hepatopetal flow through small vessels located (communicating veins) between the elevated jejunal veins and the intrahepatic portal branches in two (9%) of 22 patients with a normal portal system. Helical CT showed focal parenchymal enhancement around the anastomosis in these two patients. All nine patients with extrahepatic portal vein occlusion (100%) had hepatopetal flow through the anastomosis, and four of the nine had decreased portal flow. CT revealed small communicating veins in two of these four patients. In five patients with normal portal perfusion despite extrahepatic portal vein occlusion, CT detected dilated communicating veins and elevated jejunal veins. The presence of communicating veins and/or focal parenchymal enhancement around the anastomosis indicates hepatopetal flow through the elevated jejunal veins.

  4. Extracranial internal carotid artery stenting in Moya-Moya syndrome: a case report.

    PubMed

    Casana, R; Tolva, V; Guy Bianchi, P; Dalainas, I

    2012-12-01

    A 58-year-old Caucasian lady presented for severe left internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis. Two months before she was operated for right carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in another Institution, complicated with internal carotid artery thrombosis and development of transient hemiplegia and aphasia. Postoperative selective DSA showed the development of an abnormal basal meshwork of collateral vessels with typical evidence for moyamoya disease. Preoperative workup in our Institution included cerebral MRI witch showed two ischemic right frontal and parietal lesions. The patient underwent successful stenting of the left ICA. This is the first report of extracranial ICA stenting in a patient with moyamoya syndrome.

  5. Unruptured Giant Intracranial Aneurysm of the Internal Carotid Artery: Late Ocular Symptoms.

    PubMed

    Zorić Geber, Mia; Krolo, Iva; Zrinscak, Ognjen; Tedeschi Reiner, Eugenia; Zivkovic, Dario Josip

    2016-01-01

    An unruptured giant intracranial aneurysm of the internal carotid artery may tend to present with late ocular symptoms. This is the case of a 58-year-old female patient with a giant unruptured aneurysm of the right internal carotid artery. The patient presented with exclusively progressive reduction of visual acuity and visual field defects due to the mass effect of the growing aneurysm. The rupture of the aneurysm occurred before planned treatment. Clinical suspicion and timely recognition as well as prompt treatment play an important role in the final outcome of the management of giant unruptured intracerebral aneurysms.

  6. A case of multiple abnormalities with eustachian tube obstruction by a protruded internal carotid artery.

    PubMed

    Shinnabe, Akihiro; Hara, Mariko; Matsuzawa, Shingo; Hasegawa, Masayo; Kodama, Kozue; Kanazawa, Hiromi; Yoshida, Naohiro; Iino, Yukiko

    2011-03-01

    We report a case of multiple abnormalities with eustachian tube obstruction by a protruded internal carotid artery. A 10-year-old male presented with multiple abnormalities including anomalous pinna, poor eyesight, facial palsy, moderate conductive deafness, and otitis media with effusion. Temporal bone computed tomography demonstrated obstruction of the right eustachian tube by a protruded internal carotid artery. Insertion of a tympanostomy tube did not improve his hearing, indicating a possible ossicular chain anomaly. Although tympanoplasty is necessary to improve the patients' hearing, the poor drainage function makes this difficult. Knowledge of this vascular anomaly is important when performing myringotomy or tympanoplasty.

  7. [Aberrant internal carotid artery as a cause of pulsatile tinnitus: a difficult diagnosis in MRI?].

    PubMed

    Soyka, M B; Schuknecht, B; Huber, A M

    2010-02-01

    We present the case of a 43-year-old patient with sensorineural hearing loss and the finding of an aberrant internal carotid artery in the left tympanic cavity that was causing pulsatile tinnitus. The aberrant vessel was initially invisible on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and was confirmed by high-resolution computed tomography and MR angiography (MRA). Recognition of an aberrant course of an internal carotid artery often requires a combination of MRI and MRA to establish the diagnosis and rule out other differential diagnoses.

  8. Circle of Willis Collateral During Temporary Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion II: Observations From Computed Tomography Angiography.

    PubMed

    Wang, Bill Hao; Leung, Andrew; Lownie, Stephen P

    2016-07-01

    The Circle of Willis (CoW) is the most effective collateral circulation to the brain during internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion. Carotid stump pressure (CSP) is an established surrogate measure of the cerebral collateral circulation. This study aims to use hemodynamic and computed tomography angiography measurements to determine the strongest influences upon the dependent variable, CSP. These findings could help clinicians noninvasively assess the adequacy of the collateral circulation and facilitate surgical risk assessment in an outpatient setting. CSP and mean arterial pressure were measured during carotid endarterectomy or during carotid balloon test occlusion in 92 patients. Intracranial arterial diameters were measured on computed tomography angiography at 16 different locations. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the key factors associated with CSP. In a subgroup of individuals (n=27) with severe (>70% North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial) contralateral stenosis or occlusion, the same analysis was performed. The contralateral anterior cerebral artery proximal to anterior communicating artery (A1) of the CoW had the strongest influence upon CSP, followed by the mean arterial pressure, the contralateral ICA diameter, and the anterior communicating artery diameter (R 2=0.364). In the subgroup with high-grade contralateral ICA stenosis, the ipsilateral posterior communicating artery exerted the strongest influence (R 2=0.620). During ICA occlusion, the anterior CoW dominates in preserving collateral flow, especially the contralateral A1 segment. In individuals with high-grade contralateral carotid stenosis, the posterior communicating artery calibre becomes a dominant influence. The most favourable anatomy consists of large contralateral A1 and anterior communicating arteries, and no contralateral carotid stenosis.

  9. Competitive flow and anastomosis angle influence on bypass hemodynamics in unsteady flow conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Totorean, A. F.; Bernad, S. I.; Hudrea, I. C.; Susan-Resiga, R. F.

    2017-07-01

    Bypass graft patency is strongly influenced by geometric parameters such as anastomosis angle or the presence of competitive flow. Low values of Wall Shear Stress are associated to regions with flow disturbance, a main cause for intimal hyperplasia development and therefore graft failure. This paper analyzes the influence of anastomosis angle and competitive flow on bypass hemodynamics in unsteady conditions. Straight bypass configurations with anastomosis angles of 15°, 30°, 45° and 60°, respectively with 80% partial and 100% full stenosis were considered. Numerical simulations were performed under pulsatile physiological conditions with main period of T=0,8s. Hemodynamic parameters vary during the cardiac cycle, having the maximum values both for WSS and pressure drop associated to diastolic peak. Results show that these parameters alter as the anastomosis angle increases, whereas the presence of partial non-significant competitive flow positively influence the pressure drop along graft and host artery.

  10. Endovascular stenting of symptomatic innominate artery stenosis under distal balloon protection of the internal carotid and vertebral artery for cerebral protection: a technical case report.

    PubMed

    Sakamoto, Shigeyuki; Kiura, Yoshihiro; Kajihara, Yosuke; Mukada, Kazutoshi; Kurisu, Kaoru

    2013-02-01

    The use of cerebral protection devices in endovascular treatment for innominate artery (IA) stenosis is not well established. We describe a novel technique for cerebral protection during endovascular stenting of symptomatic IA stenosis. An 82-year-old man presented with acutely scattered brain infarction by artery-to-artery embolism due to IA stenosis. Endovascular treatment for symptomatic IA stenosis was planned to prevent recurrent attacks. Endovascular stenting for IA stenosis via the right femoral artery approach was performed under simultaneous distal balloon protection of the right internal carotid artery (ICA) and vertebral artery (VA) via the right brachial artery approach. Successful treatment of symptomatic IA stenosis was achieved with no complications. The technique with simultaneous distal balloon protection of the ICA and VA provided excellent cerebral protection in stenting of IA stenosis.

  11. Bilateral internal thoracic arteries: what is the State of the ART?

    PubMed

    Yanagawa, Bobby; Verma, Subodh; Puskas, John D

    2017-09-01

    To provide a broad overview of the current state of knowledge of coronary artery bypass grafting with bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA). There exists a large body of literature from mostly observational studies supporting the use of BITA in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting but selection bias is a major issue with nonrandomized data. The precise method of BITA use does not appear to impact graft patency nor clinical outcomes - in other words, BITA in any configuration appears to be protective. The major downside is the increased risk of sternal complications, which can be mitigated with sternal-sparring adjuncts. The 5-year interim results of the landmark Arterial Revascularization Trial comparing BITA versus single internal thoracic artery did not show a clinical benefit for BITA but the end-of-trial results are pending. Despite wide guideline support for BITA use, uptake in the surgical community remains low and this is likely because of technical and institutional barriers. The published literature thus far supports surgical revascularization with BITA and we eagerly await the 10-year Arterial Revascularization Trial results. The general consensus is that a greater proportion of surgical revascularization should be performed using BITA.

  12. No evidence that severity of stroke in internal carotid occlusion is related to collateral arteries

    PubMed Central

    Mead, G E; Wardlaw, J M; Lewis, S C; Dennis, M S

    2006-01-01

    Background/Aim The neurological effects of internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion vary between patients. The authors investigated whether the severity of symptoms in a large group of patients with ipsilateral or/and contralateral ICA occlusion at presentation with ocular or cerebral ischaemic symptoms could be explained by patency of other extra or intracranial arteries to act as collateral pathways. Methods The authors prospectively identified all patients (n = 2881) with stroke, cerebral transient ischaemic attack (TIA), retinal artery occlusion (RAO), and amaurosis fugax (AFx) presenting to our hospital over five years, obtained detailed history and examination, and examined the intra and extracranial arteries with carotid and colour‐power transcranial Doppler ultrasound. For this analysis, all those with intracranial haemorrhage on brain imaging and cerebral events without brain imaging were excluded. Results Among 2228/2397 patients with brain imaging (1713 ischaemic strokes, 401 cerebral TIAs, 193 AFx, and 90 RAO) who underwent carotid Doppler, 195 (9%) had ICA occlusion. Among those patients with cortical events, disease in potential collateral arteries (contralateral ICA, external carotid, ipsilateral or contralateral vertebral or intracranial arteries) was equally distributed among patients with severe and mild ischaemic presenting symptoms. Conclusion The authors found no evidence that the clinical presentation associated with an ICA occlusion was related to patency of other extra or intracranial arteries to act as collateral pathways. Further work is required to investigate what determines the clinical effects of ICA occlusion. PMID:16488923

  13. Revascularization of the internal carotid artery for isolated, stenotic, and symptomatic kinking.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulio; Calió, Francesco G; Papaspyropoulos, Vassilios; Montesano, Giuseppe; D'Urso, Antonio

    2003-02-01

    The operation for isolated, stenotic, and symptomatic kinking of the internal carotid artery is safe and effective in preventing stroke and relieving the symptoms of cerebral ischemia. A consecutive sample clinical study with a mean follow-up of 44 months. The surgical department of an academic tertiary care center and an affiliated secondary care center. Fifty-four patients with a mean age of 67 years underwent 55 revascularizations of the internal carotid artery. The surgical procedures consisted of the following: shortening and reimplantation in the common carotid artery in 36 cases, bypass grafting in 15 cases, and transposition into the external carotid artery in 4 cases. Cumulative survival, primary patency, and stroke-free and neurologic symptom-free rates expressed by standard life-table analysis. No patients died in the postoperative period. The postoperative stroke rate was 1.8%. The cumulative rates (SEs) at 5 years were as follows: survival, 70% (10.2%); primary patency, 89% (7.8%); overall stroke free, 92% (6.8%); ipsilateral stroke free, 96% (5.3%); neurologic symptom free, 90% (7.5%); and ipsilateral symptom free, 93% (6.5%). Revascularization of the internal carotid artery for the treatment of isolated, stenotic, and symptomatic kinking is safe and effective in preventing stroke and relieving symptoms of cerebrovascular insufficiency.

  14. Treating patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm with endovascular repair and the crossover chimney technique in the internal iliac artery to protect the unilateral internal iliac artery

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Xi; Li, Peng; Liu, Guang-Rui; Huang, Xiao-Yong; Huang, Lian-Jun

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to explore the treatment methods for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) that required occlusion of the openings of the bilateral internal iliac arteries (IIAs) in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to evaluate the efficacy of these treatments. Four patients with AAA were treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and the crossover chimney technique in the bilateral internal iliac arteries (IIAs). We inserted and released the abdominal aortic stent as usual and implanted the bypass stent graft simultaneously. The intraoperative immediate angiography showed complete isolation of the AAA and patency of the bypass. One month after surgery, it showed contrast engorgement in the bypass stent in three patients. The IIA on the bypass side and its branches had good developing. Another case in which we utilized a COOK stent, occlusion started at the opening of the bypass stent, with no occurrence of other complications. For patients in whom AAAs involve bilateral iliac arteries and the openings of the bilateral IIAs need to be occluded, EVAR and a crossover chimney technique can protect the unilateral IIA. PMID:26885136

  15. Pseudoaneurysm of the Internal Carotid Artery: Treatment with a Covered Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Scavee, Vincent; Wispelaere, Jean-Francois de; Mormont, Eric; Coulier, Bruno; Trigaux, Jean-Paul; Schoevaerdts, Jean-Claude

    2001-07-15

    Dissection of the cervical segment of the internal carotid artery may occur spontaneously or after trauma. We report the management of a 53-year-old right-handed man with progressive dizziness and neck pain 6 weeks after a motor vehicle collision. The clinical and neurologic examinations were normal. The CT scan led to the diagnosis of a pseudoaneurysm of the right internal carotid artery near the skull base. We successfully treated this post-traumatic lesion with a covered stent. The patient underwent the endovascular procedure under general anesthesia and transcranial Doppler monitoring. No neurologic event was observed. Obliteration of the pseudoaneurysm with preservation of the carotid artery was achieved. The patient was discharged from the hospital 72 hr later with no complications. Clinical and imaging follow-up at 6 months was unremarkable.

  16. Vascular Coupling System for End-to-End Anastomosis: An In Vivo Pilot Case Report.

    PubMed

    Li, Huizhong; Gale, Bruce; Shea, Jill; Sant, Himanshu; Terry, Christi M; Agarwal, Jay

    2017-03-01

    This paper presents the latest in vivo findings of a novel vascular coupling system. Vascular anastomosis is a common procedure in reconstructive surgeries and traditional hand suturing is very time consuming. The vascular coupling system described herein was designed to be used on arteries for a rapid and error-free anastomosis. The system consists of an engaging ring made from high density polyethylene using computer numerical control machining and a back ring made from polymethylmethacrylate using laser cutting. The vascular coupling system and its corresponding installation tools were tested in a pilot animal study to evaluate their efficacy in completing arterial anastomosis. A segment of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) tubing was interposed into a transected carotid artery by anastomosis using two couplers in a pig. Two end-to-end anastomoses were accomplished. Ultrasound images were obtained to evaluate the blood flow at the anastomotic site immediately after the surgery. MRI was also performed 2 weeks after the surgery to evaluate vessel and ePTFE graft patency. This anastomotic system demonstrated high efficacy and easy usability, which should facilitate vascular anastomosis procedures in trauma and reconstructive surgeries.

  17. Complete ophthalmoplegia, complete ptosis and dilated pupil due to internal carotid artery dissection: as the first manifestation of Takayasu arteritis.

    PubMed

    Herath, H M M T B; Pahalagamage, S P; Withana, D; Senanayake, Sunethra

    2017-07-25

    Takayasu arteritis is a rare, chronic large vessel vasculitis involving the aorta and its primary branches. As the disease progresses, the active inflammation of large vessels leads to dilation, narrowing and occlusion of the arteries. Arterial dissection is due to separation of the layers of the arterial wall resulting in a false lumen, where blood seeps into the vessel wall. Neurological sequelae of intracranial arterial dissection results from cerebral ischemia due to thromboembolism and hypo perfusion. Internal carotid artery dissection in Takayasu arteritis is very rare and complete ophthalmoplegia due to internal carotid artery dissection is also rare. This is the first case report of Takayasu arteritis presenting as complete ophthalmoplegia due to internal carotid artery dissection. A 38-year-old Sri Lankan female presented with sudden onset severe headache, fixed dilated pupil, complete ptosis and ophthalmoplegia on the right side. On imaging, dissection and dilatation was evident in the right internal carotid artery from the origin up to the cavernous segment. She also had stenosis and aneurysmal dilatation of right subclavian artery. Takayasu arteritis was diagnosed subsequently. She was started on aspirin and high dose steroids. Internal carotid artery dissection within the cavernous sinus can lead to third, fourth and sixth nerve palsy due to compression, stretching and ischemia from occlusion of the nutritional arteries. This case report illustrates that internal carotid artery dissection should be a differential diagnosis in palsies of the third, fourth, or sixth cranial nerves, especially when associated with headache. In cases of internal carotid artery dissection, vasculitis such as Takayasu arteritis should also be considered.

  18. Femoropopliteal bypass: the preferred site for distal anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Rosenthal, D; Levine, K; Stanton, P E; Lamis, P A

    1983-01-01

    In many patients undergoing femoropopliteal bypass, an occluded superficial femoral artery may reconstitute at the adductor canal and the popliteal artery will be patent. For these patients, uncertainty exists as to whether the preferred site for the distal anastomosis is an above-knee (AK) or below-knee (BK) bypass graft. Operation is, therefore, often based on personal preference rather than fact. To evaluate this problem, we undertook a 6-year review of the cases of 90 patients who had femoropopliteal bypass to a patent popliteal artery. Seventy AK bypass grafts were performed: 20 with autogenous vein, 25 with Dacron, and 25 with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Based on the life table analysis method, the late patency rate was 70% for vein, 68% for PTFE, and 64% for Dacron. These results were compared against results in 25 patients who had BK femoropopliteal bypass with autogenous vein, in whom the late patency rate was 65%. There was no statistical difference between these groups (P less than 0.25). An AK femoropopliteal bypass with a prosthesis yielded long-term patency rates that were similar to those of AK or BK vein grafts. When the popliteal artery is patent and the distal anastomosis can be done proximal to the knee joint, a prosthetic graft should be used. A prosthetic graft will reduce operative time, shorten recuperation time, and spare the saphenous vein for use in the coronary or infrapopliteal vessels if the need arises.

  19. Treatment of acute cervical internal carotid artery dissection using the Solitaire FR revascularization device.

    PubMed

    To, Chiu Yuen; Badr, Yaser; Richards, Boyd

    2013-11-01

    During treatment of a right internal carotid artery terminus aneurysm, an acute iatrogenic flow limiting dissection was caused in the cervical internal carotid. The true lumen was catheterized using a Mirage 0.008 microwire over an Excelsior SL-10 microcatheter, which was exchanged for a Marksman microcatheter. A 6 mm × 30 mm Solitaire FR revascularization device was then deployed across the dissection as a salvage technique.

  20. Treatment of acute cervical internal carotid artery dissection using the Solitaire FR revascularization device.

    PubMed

    To, Chiu Yuen; Badr, Yaser; Richards, Boyd

    2012-12-19

    During treatment of a right internal carotid artery terminus aneurysm, an acute iatrogenic flow limiting dissection was caused in the cervical internal carotid. The true lumen was catheterized using a Mirage 0.008 microwire over an Excelsior SL-10 microcatheter, which was exchanged for a Marksman microcatheter. A 6 mm×30 mm Solitaire FR revascularization device was then deployed across the dissection as a salvage technique.

  1. Traumatic dissection of the internal carotid artery: simultaneous infarct of optic nerve and brain

    PubMed Central

    Correa, Edgar; Martinez, Braulio

    2014-01-01

    Key Clinical Message Traumatic intracranial internal carotid artery dissection is a rare but significant cause of stroke in patients in their forties, leading to high morbidity and mortality. Simultaneous ischemic stroke and optic nerve infarction can occur. Clinical suspicion of dissection is determining in the acute management. PMID:25356244

  2. Accidental subclavian artery catheterization during attempted internal jugular central venous catheter placement: a case report.

    PubMed

    Paliwal, Bharat; Kamal, Manoj; Purohit, Anamika; Rana, Kirti; Chouhan, Dilip Singh

    2015-01-01

    Central venous catheter placement has been routinely employed for anesthetic and intensive care management. Despite proper technique used and expertise complications do occur; some of which are related to catheter misplacements. We report a case in which subclavian artery was accidently catheterized during attempted internal jugular venous cannulation.

  3. Endoscopic ligation of the internal maxillary artery for treatment of intractable posterior epistaxis.

    PubMed

    Pritikin, J B; Caldarelli, D D; Panje, W R

    1998-02-01

    Lack of universal success with both transantral ligation of the internal maxillary artery and percutaneous embolization of the distal branches of the internal maxillary distribution has led to consideration of alternative techniques to control intractable posterior epistaxis. One such technique takes advantage of advances in endoscopic technology and instrumentation, as well as a nearly constant anatomic configuration. The internal maxillary artery divides into terminal branches within the pterygomaxillary fossa, sending branches through the bony maxilla to exit the posterolateral nasal wall in the posterior aspect of the middle meatus. Endoscopic identification and ligation of these terminal branches of the internal maxillary artery (the sphenopalatine and nasopalatine arteries) as they exit the maxilla has been performed on 10 patients with a 100% success rate and no morbidity or mortality associated with the procedure. These results compare favorably to the average reported success rates of 89% for transantral ligation and 94% for percutaneous embolization, and average complication rates of 28% and 27%, respectively. This endonasal procedure has been performed for spontaneous epistaxis as well as postsurgical nasal bleeding with equal success. The ascending scale of treatment previously outlined in the literature may be amended, as a potentially definitive procedure is available, and we believe that this technique is easier to perform, has less associated morbidity, and has equal efficacy in comparison to transantral ligation or percutaneous embolization in the treatment of intractable posterior epistaxis.

  4. [Microsurgical treatment of ophthalmic segment aneurysms of internal carotid artery: 28 cases report].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yong-li; Shi, Xiang-en; Sun, Yu-ming; Liu, Fang-jun

    2010-06-15

    To investigate the operative modalities and outcomes of 28 cases of ophthalmic segment aneurysms of internal carotid artery. Twenty-eight cases of ophthalmic segment aneurysms of internal carotid artery were operated on from May 2004 to August 2009. Of all 28 cases, 20 were large or giant. Nineteen aneurysms were directly clipped or resected with internal carotid artery revascularization. Since 2006, high-flow extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass were available and performed in 9 patients of large or giant aneurysms and then the aneurysms were resected or trapped. Seventeen patients underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA), computed tomography angiography (CTA) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) postoperatively. The images demonstrated that 5 grafts of bypass were in patency, and 2 were occluded. Only 1 aneurysm was partially clipped and the others disappeared on imaging. The 78% of these cases had good results (GOS 4-5). One patient died after EC-IC bypass due to neck hematoma. The treatment of ophthalmic segment aneurysms of internal carotid artery, especially the large and giant ones, remains a challenge for neurovascular neurosurgeon. The accessory high-flow EC-IC bypass procedures and selection of suitable aneurysm clips are very important to improve the effectiveness of the operation.

  5. Primary internal carotid artery aneurysm in a 15-year-old male: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Lopez, Daniel; Sarac, Timur; Lorenz, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysms are a rare entity in the adult population. Very little information is known in the pediatric population. We present a case of a 15-year-old male with an isolated internal carotid artery aneurysm and a review of the literature. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Protocol for the Arterial Revascularisation Trial (ART). A randomised trial to compare survival following bilateral versus single internal mammary grafting in coronary revascularisation [ISRCTN46552265

    PubMed Central

    Taggart, David P; Lees, Belinda; Gray, Alastair; Altman, Douglas G; Flather, Marcus; Channon, Keith

    2006-01-01

    Background Standard coronary artery bypass graft surgery uses a single internal mammary artery and supplemental vein or radial artery grafts. Several observational studies have suggested a survival benefit with two internal mammary artery grafts compared to a single internal mammary artery graft, but this has not been tested in a randomised trial. The Arterial Revascularisation Trial is a Medical Research Council and British Heart Foundation funded, multi-centre international trial comparing single internal mammary artery grafting versus bilateral internal mammary artery grafting. Methods/Design Twenty centres in the UK, Australia, Poland and Brazil are planning to randomise 3000 coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients to single or bilateral internal mammary artery grafting. Supplemental grafts may be either saphenous vein or radial artery. Coronary artery bypass grafting can be performed as an on-pump or off-pump procedure. The primary outcome is survival at 10 years and secondary end-points include clinical events, quality of life and cost effectiveness. The effect of age, left ventricular function, diabetes, number of grafts, vein grafts and off-pump surgery are pre-specified subgroups. Discussion The Arterial Revascularisation Trial is one of the first randomised trials to evaluate the effects on survival and other clinical outcomes of single internal mammary artery grafting versus bilateral internal mammary artery grafting, and will help to establish the best approach for patients requiring coronary artery bypass graft surgery. PMID:16573820

  7. Bilateral Internal Carotid Artery Segmental Agenesis: Embryology, Common Collateral Pathways, Clinical Presentation, and Clinical Importance of a Rare Condition.

    PubMed

    Alexandre, Andrea M; Visconti, Emiliano; Schiarelli, Chiara; Frassanito, Paolo; Pedicelli, Alessandro

    2016-11-01

    Bilateral segmental agenesis of the internal carotid artery is a rare congenital anomaly. We present a case of bilateral internal carotid artery segmental agenesis in an asymptomatic 18-year-old man. Embryology, common collateral pathways, clinical presentation, and clinical importance of this condition are discussed. According to our review of the literature, this report is the first to describe bilateral internal carotid artery segmental agenesis in a patient studied with magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, Doppler ultrasonography, and digital subtraction angiography. An 18-year-old man presented to our hospital complaining of occasional mild headaches. Neurologic examination was unremarkable. Imaging findings consisted of bilateral segmental agenesis of the internal carotid arteries. Bilateral segmental agenesis of internal carotid artery may be completely asymptomatic and harmless, but associated conditions, such as cerebral aneurysms or abnormal collateral circulation, should alert clinicians to the possibilities of subarachnoid hemorrhage or cerebral ischemia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. [False aneurysm of the internal iliac artery in Behçet's disease].

    PubMed

    Rezziki, A; Ouledtaib, A; Elhoumaidi, A; Boutaouer, A; Benzirar, A; Elmahi, O

    2015-05-01

    This case illustrates a very rare localization of false aneurysm in Behçet's disease and demonstrates the importance of monitoring treated patients. The diagnosis of severe Behçet's disease was established in a young man after discovery of a cerebral venous thrombosis. One year later, the patient required emergency surgery for a symptomatic pseudoaneurysm of the internal iliac artery. Performed after a 3-day regimen of corticosteroid boluses, the pseudoaneurysm was treated by ligation of the hypogastric artery. Corticosteroids were then given for immunosuppression. Arterial involvement in Behçet's disease can be at the forefront of the clinical features and can cause potentially fatal complications. False aneurysm of the internal iliac artery is exceptional with only two cases reported in the literature. These false aneurysms occur on a fragile artery wall. Treatment requires the administration of immunosuppressive drugs. This rare clinical presentation highlights the importance of clinical and radiological monitoring in young patients with Behçet's disease. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Thoracoscopic approach of the internal mammary artery (IMA): a training model in pigs.

    PubMed

    Jiga, Lucian P; Cristian, Horia; Blidisel, Alexandru; Sandra, Flavius; Nistor, Alexandru; Hoinoiu, Bogdan; Dornean, Vlad; Ionac, Mihai

    2008-01-01

    Endoscopic internal mammary artery (IMA) approach represents a well-established procedure in coronary bypass surgery. However, such techniques require highly trained skills that need to be mastered in experimental models before taken into the clinic. To attain such skills, our aim was to develop a training model of thoracoscopic approach for harvesting of the IMA in pig. Ten pigs of either sex, weighing 20-28 kg, were used. The thoracic cavity was accessed with the animal in a lateral decubit position, through two ports of 10 mm and 1 of 5 mm, inserted on the anterior and posterior axillary lines immediately below the infrascapular angle into the pleural cavity, and a 30 degrees Hopkins II telescope. The internal mammary artery (IMA) was identified and dissected from its origin in the subclavian artery until its distal part where it becomes the deep superior epigastric artery. Afterward, the arterial segment was clipped and harvested. The mean operative time was 73 min. Postoperative survival at 72 hours was 100% and 90% at 4 weeks. A mean length of 3.2 cm of IMA graft was obtained (2.8-4 cm). The pig IMA has no intercostal branches; thus, the mobilization of the vessel being greatly facilitated. The procedure has two critical steps: the proper trocar insertion and the dissection of the middle one-third of the IMA. Endoscopic-assisted IMA, harvesting in pigs, represents a useful tool for training in minimally invasive heart surgery and supports further development toward other clinical applications.

  10. The missing button sign as a tool for detecting proximal internal carotid artery occlusion.

    PubMed

    Choi, Jun Young; Kim, Eun Jin; Kim, Ho Sung; Joo, In Soo; Huh, Kyoon; Lee, Phil Hyu; Heo, Ji Hoe; Nam, Hyo Suk

    2010-12-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a simple and reliable sign for detecting proximal internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAO) using conventional CT scanning. The missing button sign (MBS) is defined as the absence of the ICA at the level of the foramen magnum on contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) scans. Two raters independently reviewed random CECT samples from consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke. A total of 399 patients with 798 carotid arteries were analysed. Rater A identified the MBS in 41 (5%) of the carotid arteries, and did not identify the MBS in 735 (92%) carotid arteries. Rater B identified the MBS in 45 (6%) of the arteries, and lack of the MBS in 731 (91%) arteries. The kappa value for agreement was 0.90 (95% CI 0.84-0.95). Compared with CT angiography, Rater A's sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for detecting proximal ICAO were 85%, 100%, 100%, and 99%, respectively, while Rater B's values were 87%, 99%, 93%, and 99%, respectively. This study indicated that the MBS on CECT scanning is both a consistent and specific tool for the early identification of proximal ICAO.

  11. Why a standard contrast-enhanced MRI might be useful in intracranial internal carotid artery stenosis

    PubMed Central

    Oeinck, Maximilian; Rozeik, Christoph; Wattchow, Jens; Meckel, Stephan; Schlageter, Manuel; Beeskow, Christel

    2016-01-01

    In patients with ischemic stroke of unknown cause cerebral vasculitis is a rare but relevant differential diagnosis, especially when signs of intracranial artery stenosis are found and laboratory findings show systemic inflammation. In such cases, high-resolution T1w vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; ‘black blood’ technique) at 3 T is preferentially performed, but may not be available in every hospital. We report a case of an 84-year-old man with right hemispheric transient ischemic attack and signs of distal occlusion in the right internal carotid artery (ICA) in duplex sonography. Standard MRI with contrast agent pointed the way to the correct diagnosis since it showed an intramural contrast uptake in the right ICA and both vertebral arteries. Temporal artery biopsy confirmed the suspected diagnosis of a giant cell arteritis and dedicated vessel wall MRI performed later supported the suspected intracranial large artery inflammation. Our case also shows that early diagnosis and immunosuppressive therapy may not always prevent disease progression, as our patient suffered several infarcts in the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory with consecutive high-grade hemiparesis of the right side within the following four months. PMID:26988083

  12. Adrenergic and cholinergic innervation of the arteriovenous anastomosis in the rabbit's ear.

    PubMed

    Iijima, T; Tagawa, T

    1976-07-01

    The distribution of adrenergic and cholinergic nerves in the arteriovenous anastomosis in the rabbit's ear was studied light microscopically using specific histochemical techniques for catecholamines and acetylcholinesterase. Histochemical observations was made with whole stretch preparations and cryostat or paraffin sections. Both kinds of nerves showed similar distribution, though the adrenergic innervation was denser than the cholinergic one. The intermediate segments of the anastomoses, which were characterized by a very thick wall, had the most dense innervation. The small arteries and arterial segments had a moderate innervation whereas most of the small veins and venous segments had few nerve fibers. The segmental variation in the vasomotor nerve supply clearly suggests that the intermediate segment has the most active contractility. An unusually rich innervation in the anastomosis, therefore, indicates the significance of the neurogenic mechanisms in the vasomotor control of the anastomosis.

  13. Isolation of Endothelial Cells and Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells from Internal Mammary Artery Tissue

    PubMed Central

    Moss, Stephanie C.; Bates, Michael; Parrino, Patrick E.; Woods, T. Cooper

    2007-01-01

    Analyses of vascular smooth muscle cell and endothelial cell function through tissue culture techniques are often employed to investigate the underlying mechanisms regulating cardiovascular disease. As diseases such as diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease increase a patient's risk of cardiovascular disease, the development of methods for examining the effects of these diseases on vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells is needed. Commercial sources of endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells generally provide minimal donor information and are in limited supply. This study was designed to determine if vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells could be isolated from human internal mammary arteries obtained from donors undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. As coronary artery bypass graft surgery is a commonly performed procedure, this method would provide a new source for these cells that when combined with the donor's medical history will greatly enhance our studies of the effects of complicating diseases on vascular biology. Internal mammary artery tissue was obtained from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Through a simple method employing two separate tissue digestions, vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells were isolated and characterized. The isolated vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells exhibited the expected morphology and were able to be passaged for further analysis. The vascular smooth muscle cells exhibited positive staining for α-smooth muscle actin and the endothelial cells exhibited positive staining for CD31. The overall purity of the isolations was > 95%. This method allows for the isolation of endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells from internal mammary arteries, providing a new tool for investigations into the interplay of vascular diseases and complicating diseases such as diabetes and kidney disease. PMID:21603530

  14. Effects of Pleurotomy on Respiratory Sequelae after Internal Mammary Artery Harvesting

    PubMed Central

    Iyem, Hikmet; Islamoglu, Fatih; Yagdi, Tahir; Sargin, Murat; Berber, Ozbek; Hamulu, Ahmet; Buket, Suat; Durmaz, Isa

    2006-01-01

    The preservation of pleural integrity during mammary artery harvesting may decrease atelectasis and pleural effusion during the postoperative period. We designed this retrospective study to evaluate the effects on postoperative pulmonary function of pleural integrity versus opened pleura, in patients who receive a left internal mammary artery graft. The study group consisted of 1,141 patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting. The patients were retrospectively evaluated and divided into 2 groups: those who underwent internal mammary artery harvesting with opened pleura (n=873) or with pleural integrity (n=268). To monitor pleural effusion and atelectasis, chest radiography was performed routinely 1 day before operation and on the 2nd, 5th, and 7th postoperative days. The preoperative, after extubation, and 1st postoperative day values of partial oxygen pressure (PaO2), partial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2), and oxygen (O2) saturation were recorded for comparison, as was the hematocrit. The mean age of the patients was 57.4 ± 8.81 years. There were no significant differences between the groups in mean values of PaO2, PaCO2, O2 saturation, and hematocrit after extubation or on the 1st postoperative day. Atelectasis on the 5th and 7th postoperative days, pleural effusion on the 2nd, 5th, and 7th days, and postoperative bleeding were significantly less in the group with preserved pleural integrity. We showed that preservation of pleural integrity during internal mammary artery harvesting decreases postoperative bleeding, pleural effusion, and atelectasis. We conclude that preservation of pleural integrity, when possible, can decrease these postoperative complications of coronary artery bypass grafting. PMID:16878610

  15. Internal Carotid Artery Fibromuscular Dysplasia in a Child: Incidental Postmortem Finding after Head Injury

    PubMed Central

    Subramanian, Arulselvi; Aggarwal, Garima; Agarwal, Deepak; Lalwani, Sanjeev

    2017-01-01

    Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a rare, segmental, nonatheromatous, and noninflammatory arterial disease of unknown etiology. It predominantly involves renal artery (60–75%) followed by extracranial part of the internal carotid artery and vertebral arteries (25–30%). The disease typically affects middle-aged women and involves intermediate-sized arteries throughout the body. There are rare case reports of extracranial FMD compounding a trauma case. A patient was brought to trauma center emergency with a history of fall from height. There were one previous episode of seizure and two episodes of vomiting. His Glasgow Coma Scale on admission was E1V1M4. Noncontrast computed tomography of the head showed fracture on the right zygomatic, temporal, and parietal bone, with underlying thin subdural hemorrhage. The patient underwent left frontotemporoparietal decompressive craniectomy and lax duraplasty with bone flap in bone bank. On the 1st postoperative day, he succumbed to his injuries despite timely surgery and necessary interventions. It was only postmortem when FMD was diagnosed in carotid artery by histopathological examination. On microscopy, intimal changes were seen in the form of expansion of subendothelial loose matrix with mesenchymal cells, thickening and hyalinization of the internal elastic lamina, areas of duplication and disruption of internal elastic lamina. Medial wall changes included thickening of the wall, focal loss of the smooth muscle, and replacement with fibrosis (dysplastic change). This case emphasizes the importance of considering this disease in the differential diagnosis of children and young adults with stroke (which subsequently lead to his fall). PMID:28042220

  16. Agenesis of internal carotid artery in a child with ipsilateral Horner's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Fons, Carmen; Vasconcelos, Monica; Vidal, Mariona; Puy, Ramón; Capdevila, Antonio; Sanchez, Laia; Campistol, Jaime

    2009-01-01

    Horner's syndrome is characterized by a classic triad of ipsilateral pupillary miosis, partial eyelid ptosis, and facial anhydrosis. This case study reports a 7-year-old boy with right miosis, mild blepharoptosis, and iris hypopigmentation detected in a routine pediatric follow-up without ipsilateral facial anhydrosis, flushing, or pain. There was no history of birth trauma and test with cocaine provoked no response of the right pupil, suggesting right Horner's syndrome. Mediastinal tumor was ruled out and brain magnetic resonance imaging incidentally showed absence of flow in the right internal carotid artery. Subsequent magnetic resonance angiography demonstrated agenesis of the right internal carotid artery without other vascular-associated malformations. The final diagnosis was right, congenital Horner's syndrome due to ipsilateral internal carotid agenesis. We describe in detail the radiological findings and pathophysiological mechanisms of this unusual association.

  17. Stent-Assisted Clip Placement for Complex Internal Carotid Artery Intracranial Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Qureshi, Adnan I.; Chughtai, Morad; Khan, Asif A.; Suri, M. Fareed K.; Sherr, Gregory T.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND We report two procedures using a stent-assisted microsurgical clip placement to treat complex intracranial aneurysms originating from supraclinoid segment of the internal carotid artery. CASE DESCRIPTIONS In both procedures, primary clip placement was considered technically difficult due to either complex morphology or inferior protrusion of aneurysm fundus within the interclinoid space. A nitinol self-expanding stent was placed across the neck of the aneurysm either preoperatively or intraoperatively. Obliteration of aneurysm and patency of the artery was confirmed by angiography after clip placement. CONCLUSION Description of an integrated open microsurgical and endovascular approach and review of literature pertaining to considerations for treatment approach are discussed. PMID:26958150

  18. Autologous fibrin adhesive in experimental tubal anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Rajaram, S; Rusia, U; Agarwal, S; Agarwal, N

    1996-01-01

    To evaluate autologous fibrin in rabbit oviduct anastomosis versus 7-0 vikryl, a conventional suture material used in tubal anastomosis. Thrombin was added to the autologous fibrinogen at the site of anastomosis to obtain a tissue adhesive. The anastomotic time, pregnancy rate, and litter size were evaluated. Three months later, a relaparotomy was done to evaluate patency and degree of adhesions, and a tubal biopsy was taken from the site of anastomosis. Analysis of results showed a statistically significant (P < .001) shortened anastomotic time and superior histopathological union in the tissue adhesive group. Patency rate, pregnancy rate, and degree of adhesions were comparable in both groups.

  19. [Clinical value of morphological analysis of radial and internal mammary arteries in patients with ischemic heart disease].

    PubMed

    Shliakhto, E V; Moiseeva, O M; Selivanova, G V; Vlasova, T D; Kozlov, P V; Sukhova, I V; Emel'ianova, O I; Chuev, D V; Gordeev, M L

    2004-01-01

    Morphological study of intraoperative biopsies of radial and internal mammary arteries taken from patients with ischemic heart disease during coronary bypass surgery revealed structural alterations of intima and media mostly in radial artery. These alterations depended on severity of arterial hypertension, presence of diabetes and extent of atherosclerosis. Hyperplasia of intima could be a basis for radial artery spasm and cause of graft stenoses and occlusions. Therefore protocols of pre and post operative care should take into consideration individual risk factors and morphological and functional features of an artery used for grafting.

  20. Fusion 3-Dimensional Angiography of Both Internal Carotid Arteries in the Evaluation of Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Yang, Kuhyun; Koo, Hae-Won; Park, Wonhyoung; Kim, Jin Su; Choi, Choong Gon; Park, Jung Cheol; Ahn, Jae Sung; Kwon, Do Hoon; Kwun, Byung Duk; Lee, Deok Hee

    2017-02-01

    To determine whether fusion 3-dimensional (3D) angiography of both internal carotid arteries can better disclose vascular details in patients diagnosed with anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms by computed tomography angiography (CTA) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Thirty-eight patients diagnosed with ACoA aneurysms by CTA or MRA were evaluated by the new postprocessing feature, fusion 3D angiography, with results individually interpreted by 4 experts. Those experts compared fusion 3D angiography with dominant A1 side single 3D angiography to define advantages and disadvantages for ACoA aneurysms. Patients with unilateral A1 aplasia or rudimentary A1 were excluded. Patients who showed any disadvantages with this additional feature were classified as group 1, those with no advantages were classified as group 2, those with 1 or 2 advantages were classified as group 3, and those with 3 or more advantages were classified as group 4. Radiologic and clinical results were also evaluated. Of the 38 patients, 33 (87%) benefited from fusion 3D angiography, including 17 in group 3 and 16 in group 4; of the remaining patients, 1 was classified as group 1 and 4 were classified as group 2. Representative 5 categories of advantage to fusion angiography were found and summarized by the 4 experts. All 33 patients showed defining the exact anatomy of the ACoA, and 22 (67%) showed full angiographic features of A2 or A3, including branches. Fusion 3D angiography can significantly contribute to a better understanding of the complex anatomy of the anterior cerebral artery-ACoA complex, which is essential for successful treatment planning for ACoA aneurysms. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Traumatic thrombosis of internal carotid artery sustained by transfer of kinetic energy.

    PubMed

    Kalcioglu, Mahmut Tayyar; Celbis, Osman; Mizrak, Bulent; Firat, Yezdan; Selimoglu, Erol

    2012-06-01

    A 31-year-old male patient with a fatal thrombosis of the internal carotid artery caused by gun shot injury was presented in this case report. The patient was referred to the hospital with a diffuse edema on his left cheek. On otolaryngologic examination, there was a bullet entrance hole at the left mandibular corpus. No exit hole could be found. The finding from his axial computed tomography of neck and paranasal sinuses was normal. On neurological examination, a dense right hemiparesis was observed. In his cerebral angiogram, left common carotid artery was totally obliterated. Diffuse ischemia was observed in the left cerebral hemisphere. Despite intensive interventions, the patient died 4 days after the accident. In the autopsy, a large thrombosis was obtained in the left common carotid artery. This case emphasizes a fatal kinetic energy effect in vascular structures. It is stressed that a gun shot injury could be fatal with its indirect kinetic energy effects at subacute phase.

  2. Extracranial Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysms: Report of a Ruptured Case and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect

    Siablis, Dimitrios Karnabatidis, Dimitrios; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Mastronikolis, Nikos; Zabakis, Peter; Kraniotis, Pantelis

    2004-08-15

    Aneurysms of the extracranial carotid arteries (ECAA) are extremely rare. Schechter et al. documented 835 cases in the literature up to 1977. One hundred and sixteen cases of ECAA have been documented in the Chinese literature since 1981, suggesting a higher prevalence of carotid aneurysmal disease in China than in the West. Four percent of all peripheral artery aneurysms are reported to be ECAA. Those arising from the internal carotid artery (EICAA) are even more rare. Two recent reviews reported 24 and 25 cases of EICAA during 21 and 17 years, respectively, the majority of them is treated surgically. Our literature review revealed only a few true EICAA managed endovascularly, but none of them with a covered stent. We describe a rare such case of ruptured atherosclerotic EICAA which was treated percutaneously.

  3. [Total cavo-pulmonary anastomosis in heart surgery for the correction of univentricular heart].

    PubMed

    Hartyánszky, I; Lozsádi, K; Kádár, K; Palik, I; Sápi, E; Mihályi, S; Bodor, G; Balla, E

    1996-12-29

    The total cavopulmonary anastomosis is one of the alternative surgical procedures which can be performed in the management of the most complicated congenital heart diseases. It was the first time in Hungary that this surgical management was performed successfully in a girl with univentricular heart, pulmonary valve stenosis, malposition of the great arteries, who was operated on palliative procedure previously.

  4. Hypoxia increases pulmonary arterial thromboxane receptor internalization independent of receptor sensitization.

    PubMed

    Fediuk, J; Sikarwar, A S; Lizotte, P P; Hinton, M; Nolette, N; Dakshinamurti, S

    2015-02-01

    Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN) is characterized by sustained vasospasm and an increased thromboxane:prostacyclin ratio. Thromboxane (TP) receptors signal via Gαq to mobilize IP3 and Ca(2+), causing pulmonary arterial constriction. We have previously reported increased TP internalization in hypoxic pulmonary arterial (PA) myocytes. Serum-deprived PA myocytes were grown in normoxia (NM) or hypoxia (HM) for 72 h. TP localization was visualized in agonist-naïve and -challenged NM and HM by immunocytochemistry. Pathways for agonist-induced TP receptor internalization were determined by inhibiting caveolin- or clathrin-mediated endocytosis, and caveolar fractionation. Roles of actin and tubulin in TP receptor internalization were assessed using inhibitors of tubulin, actin-stabilizing or -destabilizing agents. PKA, PKC or GRK activation and inhibition were used to determine the kinase responsible for post-agonist receptor internalization. Agonist-naïve HM had decreased cell surface TP, and greater TP internalization after agonist challenge. TP protein did not sort with caveolin-rich fractions. Inhibition of clathrin prevented TP internalization. Both actin-stabilizing and -destabilizing agents prevented TP endocytosis in NM, while normalizing TP internalization in HM. Velocity of TP internalization was unaffected by PKA activity, but PKC activation normalized TP receptor internalization in HM. GRK inhibition had no effect. We conclude that in hypoxic myocytes, TP is internalized faster and to a greater extent than in normoxic controls. Internalization of the agonist-challenged TP requires clathrin, dynamic actin and is sensitive to PKC activity. TP receptor trafficking and signaling in hypoxia are pivotal to understanding increased vasoconstrictor sensitivity.

  5. Validation of numerical simulation with PIV measurements for two anastomosis models.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jun-Mei; Chua, Leok Poh; Ghista, Dhanjoo N; Zhou, Tong-Ming; Tan, Yong Seng

    2008-03-01

    Hemodynamics is widely believed to influence coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) stenosis. Although distal anastomosis has been extensively investigated, further studies on proximal anastomosis are still necessary, as the extent and initiation of the stenosis process may be influenced by the flow of the proximal anastomosis per se. Therefore, in this study, two models (i.e. 90 degrees and 135 degrees anastomotic models) were designed and constructed to simulate a proximal anastomosis of CABG for the left and right coronary arteries, respectively. Flow characteristics for these models were studied experimentally in order to validate the simulation results found earlier. PIV measurements were carried out on two Pyrex glass models, so that the disturbed flow (stagnation point, flow separation and vortex) found in both proximal anastomosis models using numerical simulation, could be verified. Consequently, a fair agreement between numerical and experimental data was observed in terms of flow characteristics, velocity profiles and wall shear stress (WSS) distributions under both steady and pulsatile flow conditions. The discrepancy was postulated to be due to the difference in detailed geometry of the physical and computational models, due to manufacturing limitations. It was not possible to reproduce the exact shape of the computational model when making the Pyrex glass model. The analysis of the hemodynamic parameters based on the numerical simulation study also suggested that the 135 degrees proximal anastomosis model would alleviate the potential of intimal thickening and/or atherosclerosis, more than that of a 90 degrees proximal anastomosis model, as it had a lower variation range of time-averaged WSS and the lower segmental average of WSSG.

  6. Head rotation during internal jugular vein cannulation and the risk of carotid artery puncture.

    PubMed

    Sulek, C A; Gravenstein, N; Blackshear, R H; Weiss, L

    1996-01-01

    We undertook a prospective laboratory study to examine the effect of head position on the relative positions of the carotid artery and the internal jugular vein (IJV). Volunteers (n = 12) from departmental staff, 18-60 yr of age, who had never undergone cannulation of the IJV underwent imaging of their IJV and carotid artery. With the subject in a 15 degrees Trendelenburg position, two-dimensional ultrasound images of the IJV and the carotid artery were obtained on the left and right sides of the neck at 2 and 4 cm from the clavicle along the lateral border of the sternal head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle at 0 degrees, 40 degrees, and 80 degrees of head rotation from the midline. The percent overlap of the carotid artery and IJV increased significantly at 40 degrees and 80 degrees head rotation to both the right and left (P < 0.05). Data from 2 and 4 cm above the clavicle did not differ and were pooled. The percent overlap was larger on the left than the right only with 80 degrees of head rotation (P < 0.05). The increased overlap of carotid artery and IJV with head rotation > 40 degrees increases the risk of inadvertent puncture of the carotid artery associated with the common occurrence of transfixion of the IJV before it is identified during needle withdrawal. The IJV frequently collapses with needle insertion. This may result in puncture of the posterior wall of the vessel, and thus of the carotid artery when the two vessels overlap. To decrease this risk, the head should be kept in as neutral a position as possible, that is < 40 degrees rotation, during IJV cannulation.

  7. Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection: an uncommon cause of recurrent postpartum headache.

    PubMed

    Stamboulis, Elefterios; Raptis, Georgios; Andrikopoulou, Athina; Arvaniti, Chrisa; Brountzos, Elias; Oikonomopoulos, Nikos; Stefanis, Leonidas; Voumvourakis, Konstantinos

    2011-01-01

    Postpartum spontaneous cervicocephalic artery dissection is an uncommon, poorly understood condition following pregnancy. We report a case of a 32-year-old woman with no history of trauma, chiropractic manipulation, connective tissue disorder, or previous headache who developed a mild, unilateral headache 7 days after the uneventful delivery of her third child (no general or neuraxial anesthesia was delivered). Seven days latter she presented to our emergency department complaining of recurrent episodes of right-sided headache coupled with a transient episode of sensory deficits in her left lower limb. Brain magnetic resonance imaging disclosed small infarctions in the internal watershed distribution of right internal carotid artery (ICA). Carotid artery dissection was diagnosed using DSA and T1 FAT-SAT sequences for the depiction of intramural hematoma. The patient was placed under oral anticoagulation and remained asymptomatic during a follow-up period of 6 months. The present case report highlights that cervicocephalic artery dissection is a condition that should be looked for in women with persisting or remitting unilateral headache following childbirth.

  8. Functional and structural changes in internal pudendal arteries underlie erectile dysfunction induced by androgen deprivation

    PubMed Central

    Alves-Lopes, Rhéure; Neves, Karla B; Silva, Marcondes AB; Olivon, Vânia C; Ruginsk, Silvia G; Antunes-Rodrigues, José; Ramalho, Leandra NZ; Tostes, Rita C; Carneiro, Fernando Silva

    2017-01-01

    Androgen deficiency is strongly associated with erectile dysfunction (ED). Inadequate penile arterial blood flow is one of the major causes of ED. The blood flow to the corpus cavernosum is mainly derived from the internal pudendal arteries (IPAs); however, no study has evaluated the effects of androgen deprivation on IPA's function. We hypothesized that castration impairs IPAs reactivity and structure, contributing to ED. In our study, Wistar male rats, 8-week-old, were castrated and studied 30 days after orchiectomy. Functional and structural properties of rat IPAs were determined using wire and pressure myograph systems, respectively. Protein expression was determined by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Plasma testosterone levels were determined using the IMMULITE 1000 Immunoassay System. Castrated rats exhibited impaired erectile function, represented by decreased intracavernosal pressure/mean arterial pressure ratio. IPAs from castrated rats exhibited decreased phenylephrine- and electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced contraction and decreased acetylcholine- and EFS-induced vasodilatation. IPAs from castrated rats exhibited decreased internal diameter, external diameter, thickness of the arterial wall, and cross-sectional area. Castration decreased nNOS and α-actin expression and increased collagen expression, p38 (Thr180/Tyr182) phosphorylation, as well as caspase 3 cleavage. In conclusion, androgen deficiency is associated with impairment of IPA reactivity and structure and increased apoptosis signaling markers. Our findings suggest that androgen deficiency-induced vascular dysfunction is an event involving hypotrophic vascular remodeling of IPAs. PMID:27391248

  9. Natural history of patients with chronic occlusion of the internal carotid artery.

    PubMed

    Nader, J; Bogousslavsky, J

    1993-01-01

    Although 3% of the elderly population may have asymptomatic unilateral internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAO), between 10% and 20% of patients with initial stroke in the carotid territory have appropriate ipsilateral extracranial ICAO. In the latter instance, it is often difficult to establish whether ICAO is (a) an acute thrombotic process on an underlying atheromatous stenosis; (b) an acute embolic ICAO (from heart or aorta); or (c) an old ICAO that was previously asymptomatic. Intracranial studies show that the first stroke ipsilateral to ICAO is usually associated with occlusions distal to ICAO, which suggest artery-to-artery embolism. On the other hand, the follow-up of stroke patients with ICAO shows that delayed cerebral infarction distal to the established ICAO often involves watershed areas and may correspond to hemodynamic disturbances. Because the international extracranial/intracranial arterial bypass study did not show any surgical benefit, current management is mainly directed to stabilization of associated causes of hemodynamic failure (hypotension, bradycardia, etc.). Attempts to find subgroups that may benefit from bypass surgery are still ongoing. However, the prognosis of these patients is negatively influenced by a particularly high risk of cardiac death.

  10. Fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage following traumatic rupture of the internal carotid artery.

    PubMed

    Salvatori, Marcus; Kodikara, Sarathchandra; Pollanen, Michael

    2012-11-01

    Traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (TSAH) is a life-threatening intracranial bleed often associated with violent assault or motor vehicle accidents. The vast majority of TSAH is associated with rupture of the vertebral artery, although rare cases of traumatic aneurysm of the internal carotid artery (ICA) have been reported. A 27-year-old man was found bleeding and unresponsive following a violent altercation in which he received repeated blows to the head and neck. CT scan showed acute SAH, and death ensued within 24 h. Autopsy revealed generalized bruising of the face, a complete midline mandibular fracture, and massive basal SAH resulting from traumatic rupture of the right terminal internal carotid artery at the origin of the middle cerebral artery. Anterior and posterior neck dissection revealed focal hemorrhage associated with the right neural arch of the first cervical vertebra (C1). Autopsy findings were consistent with TSAH resulting from rupture of the ICA following blunt force trauma to the head. The rupture site in TSAH can be difficult to locate, and injury to the ICA may be overlooked if not routinely examined. Dissection of the neck and skull base is required to ensure accurate identification of the site of vascular injury. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Total arterial myocardial revascularization using new composite graft techniques for internal mammary and/or radial arteries conduits.

    PubMed

    Bonacchi, M; Prifti, E; Frati, G; Leacche, M; Salica, A; Giunti, G; Proietti, P; Furci, B; Miraldi, F

    1999-01-01

    Total arterial myocardial revascularization (TAMR) is feasible because of the excellent long-term patency of the arterial conduits. We present five new surgical configurations for TAMR. Between December 1998 and July 1999, 34 patients with triple vessel disease underwent TAMR. All patients were in CCS III or IV. Sketelonized internal mammary arteries (IMAs) were used. The surgical techniques for TAMR consisted of Y or T composite grafts constructed between the in situ RIMA and free LIMA graft or radial artery (RA) conduit in three different configurations. Other techniques uses included a T graft constructed between the RA conduit and free LIMA graft in two configurations. Twenty-six (76%) patients underwent contrast-enhanced TTE color Doppler before and after adenosine provocative test, and seven (20%) patients had postoperative coronary angiography. Overall, 144 anastomoses (average number per patient, 4.2) were completed. One (2.9%) patient undergoing an inverted T graft technique died on postoperative day 2. Another patient (2.9%) undergoing the right Y graft technique using IMAs and RA suffered perioperative AMI due to RA conduit vasospasm. Contrast-enhanced TTE color Doppler before and after the adenosine provocative test and at 1 week postoperation revealed a coronary flow reserve (CFR) of 2.1 +/- 0.2 in the LIMA stem, and in the RIMA stem, a CFR of 2.3 +/- 0.3 (P < 0.007). In one patient undergoing the right Y graft technique using IMAs, we found only anomalous flow dynamic parameters of RIMA, suggesting a partial graft closure. The angiographic examination revealed a free LIMA graft closure. At 6 +/- 2.4 months after operation 33 patients were alive and free of angina. The IMAs stem evaluation by TTE color Doppler at follow-up revealed a 2.45 +/- 0.1 mm LIMA diameter and 2.6 +/- 0.2 mm RIMA diameter, which was more than early postoperative data of P < 0.001 and P < 0.007, respectively. These data indicate that TAMR in young patients perhaps offers a better

  12. Assessment of the Impact of Skeletonization on Pleuropulmonary Changes after Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Harvest for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

    PubMed

    Dennie, C J; Oikonomou, A; Thornhill, R; Rubens, F D

    2016-09-01

    Skeletonization has been proposed as a technique to minimize the risk of sternal devascularization during bilateral internal thoracic artery harvest for coronary artery bypass grafting. The impact of this strategy on late radiologic pleuropulmonary changes has not been addressed. Post-operative chest radiographs from patients (n = 253 per group) undergoing bilateral internal thoracic artery harvest using skeletonized and non-skeletonized techniques were reviewed by blinded radiologists. The primary outcome was the incidence of atelectasis and pleural effusion. Multivariable linear regression models were derived to assess the relationship of radiologic pleuropulmonary outcomes to patients and operative variables. Patients in the skeletonized group were older (p < 0.0001), had a lower preoperative hematocrit (p = 0.014), had higher prevalence of peripheral vascular disease (p = 0.001), were of female gender (p = 0.015), underwent off-pump surgery (p < 0.001), had urgent/emergent status (p = 0.024), and had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p = 0.019). There was no difference in the incidence of post-operative complications, ventilation time, or intensive care unit stay. There was no difference in the severity of post-operative atelectasis in both groups. More patients in the non-skeletonized group had a grade 2/3 left pleural effusion on the late post-operative chest X-ray (p = 0.007). The independent effect of skeletonization on the development of a late left pleural effusion was significant (odds ratio = 0.558, 95% confidence interval = 0.359-0.866, p = 0.009). Skeletonization results in a decreased incidence of late post-operative left pleural effusion with no difference in early or late atelectasis. Further studies are warranted to assess the mechanism of these pleuropulmonary changes and the impact of other factors such as pleural violation during surgery. © The Finnish Surgical Society 2015.

  13. An Arteriovenous Fistula Between the Internal Mammary Artery and the Pulmonary Vein Following Blunt Chest Trauma

    SciTech Connect

    Ito, T. Sakamoto, Toshihisa; Norio, Hirofumi; Kaji, Tatsumi; Okada, Yoshiaki

    2005-01-15

    A 67-year-old man suffered a traffic accident and was transferred to an emergency hospital close to the scene. He was diagnosed to have bilateral pneumohemothorax with a lung contusion, an anterior fracture dislocation of the C6-vertebra and a cervical cord injury at the level of C7. On the 48th day, massive hemoptysis was suddenly recognized. He was transferred in a state of shock to our hospital to undergo hemostasis for the bleeding. On the day of admission, a selective arteriogram showed extravasation from the left bronchial artery, for which embolization was carried out using Gelfoam. In spite of this treatment, his hemoptysis continued. On the next day, a selective left internal mammary arteriogram showed an arteriovenous fistula between the left internal mammary artery and the left pulmonary vein without any apparent extravasation. The arteriovenous fistula was successfully embolized using platinum fiber coils. The patient no longer demonstrated any hemoptysis after embolization.

  14. Pipeline embolization device as primary treatment for cervical internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Arthur; Santarelli, Justin; Stiefel, Michael F.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Limited data exists on the durability and occlusion rate of treating extracranial cervical internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms using the pipeline embolization device (PED) flow-diverting stent. Methods: Three patients presenting with dissecting cervical internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms were treated with the PED as the sole treatment modality. Results: In all three patients, successful aneurysmal occlusion and parent vessel reconstruction occurred on immediate angiography and continued on 6-month follow-up. No immediate or delayed complications were seen, and all patients remained neurologically intact. Conclusion: Complete aneurysmal occlusion and long-term angiographic occlusion can occur after PED treatment of cervical carotid pseudoaneurysms. In select patients, the PED can be a suitable primary treatment modality with good neurological outcome for cervical carotid pseudoaneurysms. PMID:28217382

  15. Downstream anastomotic hyperplasia. A mechanism of failure in Dacron arterial grafts.

    PubMed Central

    LoGerfo, F W; Quist, W C; Nowak, M D; Crawshaw, H M; Haudenschild, C C

    1983-01-01

    The precise location and progression of anastomotic hyperplasia and its possible relationship to flow disturbances was investigated in femoro-femoral Dacron grafts in 28 dogs. In 13 grafts, the outflow from the end-to-side downstream anastomosis was bidirectional (BDO), and in 15 it was unidirectional (UDO) (distally). Grafts were electively removed at intervals of two to 196 days or at the time of thrombosis. Each anastomosis and adjacent artery was perfusion-fixed and sectioned sagittally. The mean sagittal section was projected onto a digitized pad, and the total area of hyperplasia internal to the arterial internal elastic lamina and within the adjacent graft was integrated by computer. The location of the hyperplasia was compared with previously established sites of flow separation and stagnation. The observation was made that hyperplasia is significantly greater at the downstream, as compared with the upstream, anastomosis in both groups (BDO = p less than 0.001 and UDO = p less than 0.001) (analysis of variance for independent groups). Furthermore, this downstream hyperplasia was progressive with time (BDO p less than 0.01) (UDO p less than 0.01); Spearman Rank Correlation. There was no significant increase in the extent of downstream hyperplasia where flow separation was known to be greater (BDO). Five grafts failed (three BDO, two UDO), as a result of complete occlusion of the downstream anastomosis by fibrous hyperplasia. Transmission electron microscopy showed the hyperplasia to consist of collagen-producing smooth muscle cells. Anastomotic hyperplasia is significantly greater at the downstream anastomosis, is progressive with time, and is the primary cause of failure of Dacron arterial grafts in this model. Quantitative analysis of downstream anastomotic hyperplasia may be a valuable measure of the biocompatibility of Dacron grafts. Images Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 5. Fig. 6. Fig. 7. Fig. 8. PMID:6219641

  16. Aberrant cervical vasculature anastomosis as cause of neck pain and successful treatment with embolization technique.

    PubMed

    He, Lucy; Ladner, Travis R; Cobb, Mark; Mocco, J

    2016-01-27

    We report a patient with non-dermatomal radiating neck pain without focal neurologic deficit. Traditional workup could not identify an anatomic or biomechanical cause. Imaging showed a deep cervical vessel centered in the region of pain. Angiography later identified an aberrant anastomosis of this vessel with the occipital artery. Subsequent endovascular embolization of this arterial trunk resulted in complete pain relief. 2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  17. Construct Validation: Simulation of Thoracoscopic Intrathoracic Anastomosis

    PubMed Central

    Glotzer, Owen S.; Bakhos, Charles T.

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: We sought to develop a simulation model that accurately replicates the challenges of the thoracoscopic intrathoracic anastomosis. This model is intended to serve as a teaching tool during the introduction to, and development of, the skills required to perform a thoracoscopic intrathoracic anastomosis during an Ivor Lewis minimally invasive esophagectomy. Methods: The simulation model uses porcine tissue placed within an artificial hemithorax and covered with a synthetic skin. The model is draped to simulate a realistic operative setting, and ports are placed in standard surgical fashion. Dissection of the esophagus from the mediastinum is then performed, followed by the creation of an esophagogastric anastomosis. The effectiveness of the training model was evaluated using volunteer general and thoracic surgery residents at varying stages of surgical training. The quality of the anastomoses created were evaluated using both objective and subjective criteria, and successful anastomoses were tested for leaks using hydrostatic pressure. Results: Objective evaluation showed that successful completion of the anastomosis task increased with the number of attempts, with 100% of participants successfully completing an anastomosis by the final attempt. The time to completion of a successful anastomosis also improved across successive attempts. Moreover, objective measures also showed improvement over time based on the graded quality of the completed anastomosis. Conclusion: As surgical techniques continue to evolve, so must the means by which they are taught. This simulation model shows effectiveness in the training of general and thoracic surgery residents performing thoracoscopic intrathoracic anastomosis during the Ivor Lewis minimally invasive esophagectomy. PMID:26045653

  18. The anatomy of the carotico-clinoid foramen and its relation with the internal carotid artery.

    PubMed

    Ozdoğmuş, O; Saka, E; Tulay, C; Gürdal, E; Uzün, I; Cavdar, S

    2003-01-01

    The carotico-clinoid foramen is the result of ossification either of the carotico-clinoid ligament or of a dural fold extending between the anterior and middle clinoid processes of the sphenoid bone. It is anatomically important due to its relations with the cavernous sinus and its content, sphenoid sinus and pituitary gland. In this study the ossification state of the carotico-clinoid ligament, the diameter of the internal carotid artery and the carotico-clinoid foramen has been studied on 50 autopsy cases. Of the 100 carotico-clinoid foramina examined, in 27 sides (15 right, 12 left) the carotico-clinoid ligament was completely ossified, in 18 sides (9 right, 9 left) the carotico-clinoid ligament was incompletely ossified and in 55 sides (26 right, 29 left) it was a ligamentous structure. The correlation of the dimensions of the carotico-clinoid foramen and the internal carotid artery showed no statistical significance, except between the carotico-clinoid foramen with a fibrous carotico-clinoid ligament and the internal carotid artery on the right side (p=0.007, r=0.51). The existence of a bony carotico-clinoid foramen may cause compression, tightening or stretching of the internal carotid artery. Further, removing the anterior clinoid process is an important step in regional surgery; the presence of a bony carotico-clinoid foramen may have high risk. Therefore, detailed knowledge of the type of ossification between the anterior and middle clinoid processes can be necessary to increase the success of regional surgery.

  19. Cervical internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm complicating malignant otitis externa: first case report.

    PubMed

    Baker, Andrew; Rizk, Habib; Carroll, William; Lambert, Paul

    2015-03-01

    Pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare complication of head and neck infections. To date, three cases of petrous ICA pseudoaneurysm have been described as a complication of otogenic infection, including only one secondary to malignant otitis externa. We present here the first case of cervical ICA pseudoaneurysm as a complication of malignant otitis externa, and stress the importance of timely diagnosis to avoid fatal outcomes. © 2014 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  20. Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysm Embolization with Fibrin Sealant: A Simple and Effective Solution

    SciTech Connect

    Brountzos, Elias N.; Malagari, Katerina; Papathanasiou, Mathildi A.; Gougoulakis, Alexandros; Kelekis, Dimitrios A.

    2003-02-15

    Endovascular treatment of internal iliac artery (IIA) aneurysms is an attractive alternative to surgical management, because the former is associated with less morbidity and mortality.Embolization with coils or exclusion of the IIA orifice with stent -grafts are the preferred techniques. Although uncommon, technical failures occur with reported aneurysm rupture. Two patients with IIA aneurysms are reported here, where we describe successful occlusion of their IIA aneurysms with the use of fibrin sealant, after initial failure of coil embolization.

  1. Correlation of flow probe determinations of common carotid artery blood flow and internal carotid artery blood flow with microsphere determinations of cerebral blood flow in piglets.

    PubMed

    Meadow, W; Rudinsky, B; Raju, T; John, E; Fornell, L; Shankararao, R

    1999-03-01

    We investigated whether blood flow determined by a flow probe situated on one common carotid artery provided an accurate estimation of unilateral cerebral blood flow (CBF) in piglets. In eight anesthetized, mechanically ventilated piglets, blood flow determined by an ultrasonic flow probe placed on the right common carotid artery was correlated with CBF determined by microspheres under two experimental conditions: 1) before ligation of the right external carotid artery with both the right external and internal carotid circulations intact [common carotid artery blood flow (CCABF) condition], and 2) after ligation of the right external carotid artery (ipsilateral to the flow probe) with all residual right-sided carotid artery blood flow directed through the right internal carotid artery [internal carotid artery blood flow (ICABF) condition]. The left carotid artery was not manipulated in any way in either protocol. Independent correlations of unilateral CCABF and ICABF with microsphere-determined unilateral CBF were highly significant over a 5-fold range of CBF induced by hypercarbia or hypoxia (r = 0.94 and 0.92, respectively; both p < 0.001). The slope of the correlation of unilateral CCABF versus unilateral CBF was 1.68 +/- 0.19 (SEM), suggesting that CCABF overestimated CBF by 68%. The slope of the correlation of unilateral ICABF versus unilateral CBF did not differ significantly from unity (1.06 +/- 0.15), and the y intercept did not differ significantly from zero [-1.3 +/- 5.2 (SEM) mL]. Consequently, unilateral ICABF determined by flow probe accurately reflected unilateral CBF determined by microspheres under these conditions. Flow probe assessments of CCABF and ICABF in piglets may provide information about dynamic aspects of vascular control in the cerebral circulation that has heretofore been unavailable.

  2. Transoral carotid ultrasonography using a micro convex probe with B-flow imaging for extracranial internal carotid artery dissection.

    PubMed

    Sakima, Hirokuni; Isa, Katsunori; Anegawa, Takahiro; Kokuba, Kazuhito; Nakachi, Koh; Goya, Yoshino; Tokashiki, Takashi; Ishiuchi, Shogo; Ohya, Yusuke

    2012-11-01

    We report on transoral carotid ultrasonography using a micro convex probe with B-flow imaging for determining spontaneous extracranial internal carotid artery dissection just below the petrous portion. A 49-year-old man suffered cortical and subcortical infarction in the region of the right middle cerebral artery. Magnetic resonance angiography on the third day of admission revealed spontaneous recanalization of the right internal carotid artery associated with an intimal flap-like structure at the petrous portion. Transoral carotid ultrasonography using a micro convex probe revealed right extracranial internal carotid artery dissection, showing an increased diameter of the right extracranial internal carotid artery with double lumen formation, stenosis of the true lumen, and a mobile intimal flap in B-flow imaging. Transoral carotid ultrasonography using a micro convex probe was helpful to attempt a self-expanding stent for recanalizing right extracranial internal carotid artery dissection. The patient recovered and was discharged ambulatory. The size of the micro convex probe was optimum for transoral carotid ultrasonography in our patient. Micro convex probe is more commonly used than the standard transoral carotid ultrasonography probe, which lacks versatility. We consider that transoral carotid ultrasonography using a micro convex probe could be routinely used for ultrasonographic evaluation of extracranial internal carotid artery dissection.

  3. Coil migration after endovascular coil occlusion of internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms within the sphenoid sinus.

    PubMed

    Struffert, T; Buhk, J H; Buchfelder, M; Rohde, V; Doerfler, A; Knauth, M

    2009-04-01

    We report two cases of coil migration after endovascular treatment of pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery within the sphenoid sinus with coils and noncovered stents. Two patients underwent sphenoid sinus exposure for pituitary adenoma and chronic infection, respectively. As a complication pseudoaneurysms of the internal carotid artery within the sphenoid sinus developed. One patient was treated with stent and coils, the second with coils alone. Both patients experienced coil migration after 9 and 26 months, respectively, with the necessity for further treatment. Imaging was performed using flat detector computed tomography (FD-CT). Literature review revealed two additional cases of coil migration and four patients with the same treatment in stable condition. Pseudoaneurysms of the internal carotid artery are a special entity and the environment of the aneurysm within the sphenoid sinus may change over a long time. Coil embolization may lead to the late onset complication of coil migration with the possible risk of acute epistaxis. As a consequence, these patients need a careful and prolonged follow up. FD-CT is an appropriate technique to visualize the implanted coils and if present the migration of coil material.

  4. External carotid artery angioplasty and stenting to augment cerebral perfusion in the setting of subacute symptomatic ipsilateral internal carotid artery occlusion. Case report.

    PubMed

    Adel, Joseph G; Bendok, Bernard R; Hage, Ziad A; Naidech, Andrew M; Miller, Jeffery W; Batjer, H Hunt

    2007-12-01

    The authors performed external carotid artery (ECA) angioplasty and stenting in a 45-year-old man who had presented with right hemispheric crescendo ischemic symptoms stemming from acute right internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAO). This unique application of ECA angioplasty and stenting augmented cerebral perfusion and improved clinical symptoms. In certain situations, ECA stenting can increase cerebral perfusion in the setting of ICAO and ECA stenosis. The authors are the first to describe this approach in this context.

  5. Accidental arterial puncture during right internal jugular vein cannulation in cardiac surgical patients

    PubMed Central

    Maddali, Madan Mohan; Arun, Venkitaramanan; Wala, Al-Ajmi Ahmed; Al-Bahrani, Maher Jaffer; Jayatilaka, Cheskey Manoj; Nishant, Arora Ram

    2016-01-01

    Background: The primary aim of this study was to compare the incidence of accidental arterial puncture during right internal jugular vein (RIJV) cannulation with and without ultrasound guidance (USG). The secondary end points were to assess if USG improves the chances of successful first pass cannulation and if BMI has an impact on incidence of arterial puncture and the number of attempts that are to be made for successful cannulation. Settings and Design: Prospective observational study performed at a single tertiary cardiac care center. Material and methods: 255 consecutive adult and pediatric cardiac surgical patients were included. In Group I (n = 124) USG was used for the right internal jugular vein cannulation and in Group II (n = 81) it was not used. There were 135 adult patients and 70 pediatric patients. Statistical analysis: Demographic and categorical data were analyzed using Student ‘t’ test and chi- square test was used for qualitative variables. Results: The overall incidence of accidental arterial puncture in the entire study population was significantly higher when ultrasound guidance was not used (P < 0.001). In subgroup analysis, incidence of arterial puncture was significant in both adult (P = 0.03) and pediatric patients (P < 0.001) without USG. First attempt cannulation was more often possible in pediatric patients under USG (P = 0.03). In adult patients USG did not improve first attempt cannulation except in underweight patients. Conclusions: USG helped in the avoidance of inadvertent arterial puncture during RIJV cannulation and simultaneously improved the chances of first attempt cannulation in pediatric and in underweight adult cardiac surgical patients. PMID:27716688

  6. No Clamp Complete Parachute Technique for Ascending Aorta Anastomosis in Hybrid Aortic Arch Debranching Surgery.

    PubMed

    Chen, I-Ming; Chen, Po-Lin; Chang, Hsiao-Huang

    2017-01-03

    The proper proximal landing zone is a key element for success of endografting in thoracic aortic pathology. If coverage of innominate artery is unavoidable for safe proximal landing, arch debranching surgery is necessary to recruit supra-aortic blood flow before endografting. However, calcified or adhesive ascending aorta makes it difficult to clamp ascending aorta for anastomosis in the first step of arch debranching surgery. We present a novel "no clamp complete parachute technique" to complete this challenging anastomosis. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. Cerebral blood flow response pattern during balloon test occlusion of the internal carotid artery

    SciTech Connect

    Witt, J.P.; Yonas, H.; Jungreis, C.

    1994-05-01

    To evaluate the risk of temporary or permanent internal carotid artery occlusion. In 156 patients intraarterial balloon test occlusion in combination with a stable xenon-enhanced CT cerebral blood flow study was performed before radiologic or surgical treatment. All 156 patients passed the clinical balloon test occlusion and underwent a xenon study in combination with a second balloon test. Quantitative flow data were analyzed for absolute changes as well as changes in symmetry. Fourteen patients exhibited reduced flow values between 20 and 30 mL/100 g per minute, an absolute decrease in flow, and significant asymmetry in the middle cerebral artery territory during balloon test occlusion. These patients would be considered at high risk for cerebral infarction if internal carotid artery occlusion were to be performed. With one exception they belonged to a group (class I) of 61 patients who showed bilateral or ipsilateral flow decrease and significant asymmetry with lower flow on the side of occlusion. The other 95 patients, who showed a variety of cerebral blood flow response patterns including ipsilateral or bilateral flow increase, were at moderate (class II) or low (class III) stroke risk. In contrast to these findings, exclusively qualitative flow analysis failed to identify the patients at high risk: a threshold with an asymmetry index of 10% revealed only 16% specificity whereas an asymmetry index of 45% showed only 61% sensitivity for detection of low flow areas (<30 mL/100 g per minute). For achieving a minimal hemodynamic related-stroke rate associated with permanent clinical internal carotid artery occlusion we suggest integration of a thorough analysis of quantitative cerebral blood flow data before and during balloon test occlusion. 68 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. [The Application of Internal Iliac Artery Balloon Occlusion in Pernicious Placenta Previa].

    PubMed

    Qi, Xiao-Rong; Liu, Xing-Hui; You, Yong; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhou, Rong; Xing, Ai-Yun; Zhang, Li; Ning, Gang; Zhao, Fu-Min; Li, Kai-Ming

    2016-07-01

    To evaluate the clinical application value of internal iliac artery balloon occlusion in pernicious placenta previa. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the patients of pernicious placenta previa in a single center from Jan, 2010 to Jan, 2015. The patients were divided into two groups, internal iliac artery balloon occlusion group and the control group without endovascular intervention. Blood loss in operation, volume of transfused blood products, caesarean hysterectomy, operating time, hospital days after operation and postoperative morbidity were compared between the two groups. The balloon occlusion group had significantly less blood loss, the volume of transfused blood products, caesarean hysterectomy, hospital day after operation than the control group had. There was no statistical difference in operating time, intensive care units (ICU), hypotension, infection, hypoxemia, bladder injury, bowel obstruction, neonatal asphyxia between the two groups. The balloon occlusion group had significantly higher rate in coagulopathy, hypoalbuminemia, electrolyte imbalance. Among the patients whose uterus were preserved, the blood loss was not significantly difference between the two groups. Among the patients with the complication of placenta accreta, caesarean hysterectomy was less in balloon group, and blood loss between the two groups was not significantly different. Among the patients without placenta accrete, the blood loss was less in balloon group, and caesarean hysterectomy between the two groups was not significantly different. The risk of hysterectomy in balloon group was related to placenta accreta, uterine arteries engorgement, placental invasive serosa, taking placenta by hand, placental invasive bladder, barrel-shaped thickening of lower uterine segment, unable to remove placenta. Internal iliac artery balloon occlusion is an effective treatment for pernicious placenta previa.

  9. Outcomes of basilar artery occlusion in patients aged 75 years or older in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study.

    PubMed

    Vergouwen, Mervyn D I; Compter, Annette; Tanne, David; Engelter, Stefan T; Audebert, Heinrich; Thijs, Vincent; de Freitas, Gabriel; Algra, Ale; Jaap Kappelle, L; Schonewille, Wouter J

    2012-11-01

    Patients with an acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO) have a high risk of long-lasting disability and death. Only limited data are available on functional outcome in elderly patients with BAO. Using data from the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study, we aimed to determine outcomes in patients ≥75 years. Primary outcome measure was poor functional outcome (modified Rankin scale score 4-6). Secondary outcomes were death, insufficient vessel recanalization (defined as thrombolysis in myocardial infarction score 0-1) and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH). Patients were divided into four age-groups, based on quartiles: 18-54, 55-64, 65-74, and ≥75 years. Outcomes were compared between patients ≥75 years and patients aged 18-54 years. Risk ratios with corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated and Poisson regression analyses were performed to calculate adjusted risk ratios (aRR). We included 619 patients [18-54 years n = 153 (25 %), 55-64 years n = 133 (21 %), 65-74 years n = 171 (28 %), and ≥75 years n = 162 (26 %)]. Compared with patients aged 18-54 years, patients ≥75 years were at increased risk of poor functional outcome [aRR 1.33 (1.14-1.55)] and death [aRR 2.47 (1.75-3.51)]. Nevertheless, 35/162 (22 %, 95 % CI 15-28 %) of patients ≥75 years had good functional outcome. No significant differences between age groups were observed for recanalization rate and incidence of SICH. Although patients ≥75 years with BAO have an increased risk of poor outcome compared with younger patients, a substantial group of patients ≥75 years survives with a good functional outcome.

  10. Respiratory dysfunction after coronary artery bypass grafting employing bilateral internal mammary arteries: the influence of intact pleura.

    PubMed

    Bonacchi, M; Prifti, E; Giunti, G; Salica, A; Frati, G; Sani, G

    2001-06-01

    To evaluate the role of intact pleurae regarding the postoperative respiratory functional status in patients undergoing coronary revascularization employing both internal mammary arteries (IMAs), according to the pedunculated or skeletonized technique (SKT) with opened or intact pleurae. Using both IMAs, 299 patients underwent elective coronary revascularization. They were randomized and divided into group I (n=82, undergoing IMA harvesting according to the SKT without opening the pleurae); group II (n=186, undergoing IMA harvesting according the pedunculated technique with open pleurae); and group III (n=31, undergoing IMA harvesting according the SKT with incidentally opened pleurae). There were no differences regarding the preoperative patient characteristics and the anaesthetic and surgical management. There were two deaths in group I versus seven in group II and one in group III (P=ns). The number of total arterial myocardial revascularization and arterial composite grafts was significantly higher in groups I and III than in group II, (P<0.001 and P<0.005, respectively). The incidence of postoperative complications was similar between groups. Blood loss of >1000 ml was significantly higher in group II than group I (P<0.028); but the incidence of re-thoracotomy and blood transfusion was similar between groups. The mechanical ventilation time was significantly higher in groups II and III versus group I (P<0.018 and P<0.02, respectively). The incidence of prolonged ventilation (>24 h), pleural effusion, thoracocentesis and atelectasis, resulted in being significantly higher in group II than group I. The incidence of thoracocentesis was significantly higher in group III than group I. The pain score and analgesic requirements at 1-12 h after awakening were significantly higher in groups II and III versus group I, becoming similar after the chest tubes were removed. PaO(2) was significantly higher, and PaCO(2) and FiO(2) were significantly lower in group I than

  11. Cerebral hemodynamics in patients with carotid artery occlusion and contralateral moderate or severe internal carotid artery stenosis.

    PubMed

    Vernieri, F; Pasqualetti, P; Diomedi, M; Giacomini, P; Rossini, P M; Caltagirone, C; Silvestrini, M

    2001-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate cerebral hemodynamics in patients suffering from occlusion of the carotid artery (CA) and contralateral CA stenosis. Using transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, the cerebrovascular reactivity to hypercapnia in the middle cerebral arteries was evaluated by calculating the breath-holding index (BHI) of 69 symptomatic patients suffering from internal CA (ICA) occlusion and moderate or severe contralateral ICA stenosis. To evaluate which variables influenced BHIs ipsilateral to the site of ICA occlusion, a multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was performed that included the following factors: patient age, percentage of contralateral ICA stenosis, contralateral BHI, number of collateral pathways, and presence of hypertension, diabetes, smoking, and hyperlipidemia. An analysis of variance was conducted to evaluate the impact of the type of collateral vessels on the BHI. A regression analysis showed that the BHI ipsilateral to the site of ICA occlusion could be accounted for by the contralateral BHI (which was entered at the first step of the analysis, p < 0.001) and by the number of collateral pathways (which was entered at the second step, p = 0.033). Neither the degree of contralateral ICA stenosis nor the other variables could be added to improve the model. The analysis demonstrated that the absence of collateral pathways and the presence of the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) alone were associated with lower BHI values than those found in the presence of two or three collateral vessels, regardless of the presence of an anterior collateral pathway. On the basis of these data one can infer that the cerebral hemodynamic status of patients with occlusive disease of the CA is influenced by individual anatomical and functional characteristics. Because improvement in contralateral hemodynamics after surgical correction of an ICA stenosis can only be expected in the presence of an ACoA, the planning of strategies for

  12. Effect of Previous Irradiation on Vascular Thrombosis of Microsurgical Anastomosis: A Preclinical Study in Rats.

    PubMed

    Barrera-Ochoa, Sergi; Gallardo-Calero, Irene; López-Fernández, Alba; Romagosa, Cleofe; Vergés, Ramona; Aguirre-Canyadell, Marius; Soldado, Francisco; Velez, Roberto

    2016-11-01

    The objective of the present investigation was to compare the effect of neoadjuvant irradiation on the microvascular anastomosis in cervical bundle using an experimental model in rats. One hundred forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated into 4 groups: group I, control, arterial microanastomosis; group II, control, venous microanastomosis; group III, arterial microanastomosis with previous irradiation (20 Gy); and group IV, venous microanastomosis with previous irradiation (20 Gy). Clinical parameters, technical values of anastomosis, patency, and histopathological parameters were evaluated. Irradiated groups (III and IV) and vein anastomosis groups (II and IV) showed significantly increased technical difficulties. Group IV showed significantly reduced patency rates (7/35) when compared with the control group (0/35). Radiotherapy significantly decreased the patency rates of the vein (7/35) when compared with the artery (1/35). Groups III and IV showed significantly reduced number of endothelial cells and also showed the presence of intimal thickening and adventitial fibrosis as compared with the control group. Neoadjuvant radiotherapy reduces the viability of the venous anastomosis in a preclinical rat model with a significant increase in the incidence of vein thrombosis.

  13. Effect of Previous Irradiation on Vascular Thrombosis of Microsurgical Anastomosis: A Preclinical Study in Rats

    PubMed Central

    Gallardo-Calero, Irene; López-Fernández, Alba; Romagosa, Cleofe; Vergés, Ramona; Aguirre-Canyadell, Marius; Soldado, Francisco; Velez, Roberto

    2016-01-01

    Background: The objective of the present investigation was to compare the effect of neoadjuvant irradiation on the microvascular anastomosis in cervical bundle using an experimental model in rats. Methods: One hundred forty male Sprague–Dawley rats were allocated into 4 groups: group I, control, arterial microanastomosis; group II, control, venous microanastomosis; group III, arterial microanastomosis with previous irradiation (20 Gy); and group IV, venous microanastomosis with previous irradiation (20 Gy). Clinical parameters, technical values of anastomosis, patency, and histopathological parameters were evaluated. Results: Irradiated groups (III and IV) and vein anastomosis groups (II and IV) showed significantly increased technical difficulties. Group IV showed significantly reduced patency rates (7/35) when compared with the control group (0/35). Radiotherapy significantly decreased the patency rates of the vein (7/35) when compared with the artery (1/35). Groups III and IV showed significantly reduced number of endothelial cells and also showed the presence of intimal thickening and adventitial fibrosis as compared with the control group. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant radiotherapy reduces the viability of the venous anastomosis in a preclinical rat model with a significant increase in the incidence of vein thrombosis. PMID:27975009

  14. Bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting during David procedure complicated with coronary insufficiency

    PubMed Central

    Ohira, Suguru; Doi, Kiyoshi; Yaku, Hitoshi

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT A 47-year-old woman diagnosed with Marfan syndrome underwent valve-sparing aortic root replacement for aortic regurgitation and annulo-aortic ectasia. Her cardiac function was normal. Preoperative coronary angiography did not demonstrate any stenosis. The David reimplantation procedure with a 28-mm Valsalva graft was performed. Both coronary orifices were reconstructed in a button fashion with Teflon felt reinforcement. After aortic declamping, marked bleeding was noted from the left coronary button, requiring a second pump run. Graft interposition using the great saphenous vein was performed for left coronary artery reconstruction. The reconstructed right coronary button was also damaged due to the fragile tissue, and interposed by the vein graft in the same fashion. After the aorta was declamped, the global left ventricular wall motion was significantly impaired, and did not improve with time. Coronary insufficiency was considered. Beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting with the in-situ bilateral internal thoracic arteries was performed. After revascularization, the left ventricular function was improved. In certain emergent situations compromised with coronary insufficiency, this procedure could be an option to revascularize the coronary arteries. PMID:26412900

  15. Regional redistribution of blood flow in the external and internal carotid arteries during acute hypotension.

    PubMed

    Ogoh, Shigehiko; Lericollais, Romain; Hirasawa, Ai; Sakai, Sadayoshi; Normand, Hervé; Bailey, Damian M

    2014-05-15

    The present study examined to what extent an acute bout of hypotension influences blood flow in the external carotid artery (ECA) and the corresponding implications for blood flow regulation in the internal carotid artery (ICA). Nine healthy male participants were subjected to an abrupt decrease in arterial pressure via the thigh-cuff inflation-deflation technique. Duplex ultrasound was employed to measure beat-to-beat ECA and ICA blood flow. Compared with the baseline normotensive control, acute hypotension resulted in a heterogeneous blood flow response. ICA blood flow initially decreased following cuff release and then returned quickly to baseline levels. In contrast, the reduction in ECA blood flow persisted for 30 s following cuff release. Thus, the contribution of common carotid artery blood flow to the ECA circulation decreased during acute hypotension (-10 ± 4%, P < 0.001). This finding suggests that a preserved reduction in ECA blood flow, as well as dynamic cerebral autoregulation likely prevent a further decrease in intracranial blood flow during acute hypotension. The peripheral vasculature of the ECA may, thus, be considered an important vascular bed for intracranial cerebral blood flow regulation.

  16. Early and late outcome of skeletonised bilateral internal mammary arteries anastomosed to the left coronary system

    PubMed Central

    Bonacchi, M; Battaglia, F; Prifti, E; Leacche, M; Nathan, N S; Sani, G; Popoff, G

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate in a retrospective study the technical aspects of using the in situ bilateral internal mammary arteries (IMAs), with the right IMA (RIMA) used for revascularisation of the circumflex system, and to evaluate early and late outcome. Materials and methods: Between January 1997 and July 2003, 552 consecutive patients underwent grafting of the circumflex artery system with an in situ skeletonised RIMA routed through the transverse sinus (eventually retrocaval). Mean (SD) age was 63.8 (11) years. 331 (60%) patients underwent total arterial myocardial revascularisation. Mean follow up was 26 (9) months. Results: The success rate of skeletonised RIMA grafting to the circumflex branch was 100%. There were 19 (3.4%) in-hospital deaths. Perioperative myocardial infarction occurred in 12 (2.2%) patients. In 155 patients undergoing postoperative angiography, two had an occluded RIMA and a string-like phenomenon was seen in three RIMA and one left IMA (LIMA). Three RIMA and three LIMA had stenotic lesions. The patency rates of RIMA and LIMA were 94% and 97.4%, respectively. Strong predictors of non-functional IMA grafts were a recipient coronary artery diameter of < 1.5 mm (p  =  0.022), < 60% stenosis of the recipient coronary artery (p  =  0.015), diffuse stenotic lesions of the recipient coronary artery (p  =  0.018), and a small IMA calibre (p  =  0.0001). Cumulative actuarial survival at three years was 96.4% and event-free cumulative survival was 93.8%. Conclusions: Use of the bilateral IMAs offers the possibility of constructing various configurations, making total arterial myocardial revascularisation possible with a minimum number of arterial conduits. Use of the skeletonised RIMA through the transverse sinus and eventually retrocavally can reach most branches of the circumflex system and is associated with an excellent patency rate. Patients who received bilateral IMA grafts for left coronary system revascularisation had

  17. Lemierre's Syndrome Associated Mycotic Aneurysm of the External Carotid Artery with Primary Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion in a Previously Healthy 18-Year-Old Female.

    PubMed

    Chamseddin, Khalil H; Kirkwood, Melissa L

    2016-10-01

    Lemierre's syndrome is a rare life-threatening condition characterized by internal jugular vein thrombosis and is typically associated with a gram-negative infection with septic metastasis secondary to a retropharyngeal abscess that involves the vasculature of the head and neck. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome in an 18-year-old female adolescent who developed an internal carotid artery occlusion and ipsilateral external carotid artery (ECA) mycotic aneurysm complicated by fulminant pseudomonal sepsis. The patient was managed with open ligation of the ECA with essentially complete recovery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Successful management of a symptomatic fusiform dilatation of the internal carotid artery following surgery of childhood craniopharyngioma.

    PubMed

    Tirakotai, Wuttipong; Sure, Ulrich; Benes, Ludwig; Aboul-Enein, Hisham; Schulte, Dirk Michael; Riegel, Thomas; Bertalanffy, Helmut

    2002-12-01

    The development of fusiform dilatation of internal carotid artery is one of the vascular complications that can follow surgery for craniopharyngioma and other suprasellar tumours in children, but its pathogenesis and the line of management are still controversial. We report a child who presented with a giant fusiform aneurysm involving the supraclinoid portion of the internal carotid artery after total removal of a craniopharyngioma and review the literature on related cases. The treatment of this phenomenon and its possible pathogenesis are discussed.

  19. Intraluminal tissue welding for anastomosis

    DOEpatents

    Glinsky, M.; London, R.; Zimmerman, G.; Jacques, S.

    1998-10-27

    A method and device are provided for performing intraluminal tissue welding for anastomosis of a hollow organ. A retractable catheter assembly is delivered through the hollow organ and consists of a catheter connected to an optical fiber, an inflatable balloon, and a biocompatible patch mounted on the balloon. The disconnected ends of the hollow organ are brought together on the catheter assembly, and upon inflation of the balloon, the free ends are held together on the balloon to form a continuous channel while the patch is deployed against the inner wall of the hollow organ. The ends are joined or ``welded`` using laser radiation transmitted through the optical fiber to the patch. A thin layer of a light-absorbing dye on the patch can provide a target for welding. The patch may also contain a bonding agent to strengthen the bond. The laser radiation delivered has a pulse profile to minimize tissue damage. 8 figs.

  20. Intraluminal tissue welding for anastomosis

    DOEpatents

    Glinsky, Michael; London, Richard; Zimmerman, George; Jacques, Steven

    1998-10-27

    A method and device are provided for performing intraluminal tissue welding for anastomosis of a hollow organ. A retractable catheter assembly is delivered through the hollow organ and consists of a catheter connected to an optical fiber, an inflatable balloon, and a biocompatible patch mounted on the balloon. The disconnected ends of the hollow organ are brought together on the catheter assembly, and upon inflation of the balloon, the free ends are held together on the balloon to form a continuous channel while the patch is deployed against the inner wall of the hollow organ. The ends are joined or "welded" using laser radiation transmitted through the optical fiber to the patch. A thin layer of a light-absorbing dye on the patch can provide a target for welding. The patch may also contain a bonding agent to strengthen the bond. The laser radiation delivered has a pulse profile to minimize tissue damage.

  1. Internal carotid artery stenosis associated with giant cell arteritis: case report and discussion

    PubMed Central

    Zarar, Amna; Zafar, Taqi T; Khan, Asif A; Suri, M Fareed K; Qureshi, Adnan I

    2014-01-01

    Background Cerebrovascular ischemic events associated with giant cell arteritis (GCA) are uncommon and have been reported in 3%–4% of patients. We describe a case report of GCA associated with intracranial stenosis and review various angiographic findings. Case presentation A 66-year-old man presented with worsening headache and vision loss. A recent magnetic resonance angiogram of the head and neck showed multiple intracranial stenosis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis demonstrated increased protein of 135.6 mg/dL, with two white blood cells/µL. No bacteria were observed in the CSF on gram staining, and cultures were negative for bacterial growth. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was noted to be 14 mm/h, and C-reactive protein was 1.514 mg/L at admission. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis panels were negative. On digital subtraction angiography, patient had predominantly narrowing and irregularities in petrous and cavernous segments of the internal carotid arteries bilaterally. The diagnosis of GCA was confirmed by temporal artery biopsy. He was treated with steroids, and a followup angiogram 6 weeks later showed minimal resolution of the angiographic findings. Patient reported complete resolution of headaches and visual loss. Conclusion Bilateral internal carotid arteries stenosis may be seen in patients presenting with typical symptoms of GCA and may persist after steroid treatment despite resolution of clinical symptoms. PMID:25566338

  2. Successful Corticosteroid Treatment of Refractory Spontaneous Vasoconstriction of Extracranial Internal Carotid and Coronary Arteries

    PubMed Central

    Saito, Kozue; Kajimoto, Katsufumi; Nagatsuka, Kazuyuki

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Spontaneous vasoconstriction of the extracranial internal carotid artery (SVEICA) is a rare cause of cerebral infarction. Most patients with SVEICA suffer recurrent attacks of vasoconstriction. The standard treatment for this condition has not been established and its long-term prognosis is unclear. Case Report: A 25-year-old man with a history of refractory vasospasm angina presented with transient alternating hemiplegia in both the right and left side. Serial carotid ultrasonography examinations showed severe transient stenosis or occlusion of cervical internal carotid arteries on 1 or both sides, with and without neurological symptoms. This condition resolved completely within 1 day to 1 week. The patient did not present any other risk factors for atherosclerosis and was diagnosed with SVEICA. The treatment with calcium antagonists and nitrates did not prevent the attacks. Administration of a corticosteroid substantially reduced the vasospasm attacks. Conclusions: SVEICA is intractable and difficult to diagnose. It has been reported that SVEICA sometimes complicates coronary artery disease, as observed in this case. The present case demonstrated the effectiveness of corticosteroid treatment against this disease. Serial ultrasonography examinations helped us to diagnose and follow-up the vasospasm attacks. PMID:27348139

  3. Prevalence and variability of internal mammary graft use in contemporary multivessel coronary artery bypass graft.

    PubMed

    Schmitto, Jan D; Rajab, Taufiek K; Cohn, Lawrence H

    2010-11-01

    To assess the current status of the prevalence and variability of internal mammary graft use in contemporary multivessel coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). The internal mammary artery (IMA) is considered the gold-standard conduit in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. There is universal agreement that the IMA graft is associated with significantly improved short-term and long-term survival in CABG and the use of the IMA is recognized as a key performance measure world wide. In the recently developed Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) composite measure for CABG, use of an IMA was found to be the only intra-operative performance measure associated with quality of care. Furthermore, several studies have shown that bilateral IMA (BIMA) use improves long-term outcome compared with single IMA use. An objective assessment of surgical quality is essential to improve surgical outcomes. There is strong evidence that IMA graft use is associated with significantly improved short-term and long-term survival in CABG. In spite of this, the prevalence of IMA grafting is less than expected. Moreover, there is a large variability in IMA use by hospital. There are also disparities in IMA use by sex and race, which should be addressed in the interest of expanding the benefits of IMA grafting to the maximum possible number of patients. Although the frequency of IMA use in CABG procedures seems to increase each year, further actions are necessary at the individual clinician, institutional, and political levels to improve quality of care.

  4. Are two internal thoracic artery grafts as safe as one? Experience from Green Lane Hospital.

    PubMed

    Baradi, Arul; Milsom, Paget F; Merry, Alan F; Ferguson, Lynnette R

    2012-05-11

    To compare short-term mortality and major morbidity between patients undergoing elective primary isolated CABG with bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) or single internal thoracic artery (SITA) grafts at Green Lane Hospital (Auckland, New Zealand). We conducted a retrospective study of short-term outcomes in 5955 patients receiving SITA and 637 patients receiving BITA grafts between 1990 and 2004. Only patients undergoing elective primary isolated coronary artery surgery were included. The primary outcome was a composite end-point (early death, perioperative MI, reoperation for sternal wound complications or significantly prolonged hospital stay). Patients receiving BITA grafts were case-matched with patients receiving SITA grafts for confounding factors and comparison was made between perioperative outcomes in the two groups. After case-matching, no statistically significant difference was found in the incidence of our primary endpoint between patients receiving BITA versus SITA grafts [odds ratio 0.84 (95% CI 0.59, 1.21)]. Furthermore, there was no difference in rates of reoperation for sternal wound complications between the two groups [odds ratio 1.00 (95% CI 0.29, 3.44)]. Given the potential long-term clinical advantages of BITA grafting, our results support the increased use of BITA grafts in selected patients.

  5. Successful Corticosteroid Treatment of Refractory Spontaneous Vasoconstriction of Extracranial Internal Carotid and Coronary Arteries.

    PubMed

    Takeuchi, Mariko; Saito, Kozue; Kajimoto, Katsufumi; Nagatsuka, Kazuyuki

    2016-07-01

    Spontaneous vasoconstriction of the extracranial internal carotid artery (SVEICA) is a rare cause of cerebral infarction. Most patients with SVEICA suffer recurrent attacks of vasoconstriction. The standard treatment for this condition has not been established and its long-term prognosis is unclear. A 25-year-old man with a history of refractory vasospasm angina presented with transient alternating hemiplegia in both the right and left side. Serial carotid ultrasonography examinations showed severe transient stenosis or occlusion of cervical internal carotid arteries on 1 or both sides, with and without neurological symptoms. This condition resolved completely within 1 day to 1 week. The patient did not present any other risk factors for atherosclerosis and was diagnosed with SVEICA. The treatment with calcium antagonists and nitrates did not prevent the attacks. Administration of a corticosteroid substantially reduced the vasospasm attacks. SVEICA is intractable and difficult to diagnose. It has been reported that SVEICA sometimes complicates coronary artery disease, as observed in this case. The present case demonstrated the effectiveness of corticosteroid treatment against this disease. Serial ultrasonography examinations helped us to diagnose and follow-up the vasospasm attacks.

  6. [A Case of Traumatic Vertebral Arteriovenous Fistula Treated by Internal Trapping of the Vertebral Artery].

    PubMed

    Nishihiro, Shingo; Sugiu, Kenji; Hishikawa, Tomohito; Hiramatsu, Masafumi; Haruma, Jun; Shinji, Yukei; Takasugi, Yuji; Date, Isao

    2016-02-01

    Traumatic vertebral arteriovenous fistula (TVAVF) is an uncommon disease that occurs after traumatic injury. Here we report a case of TVAVF presenting with cervical bruit successfully treated by internal trapping using coils. A 66-year-old man was transferred to our hospital after falling into a ditch. Initial CT revealed a C2 fracture into the right transverse foramen, and the patient had been treated with conservative management. A vascular abnormality was suspected because the patient exhibited cervical bruit on admission. CT angiography revealed right TVAVF at the V2 segment of the right vertebral artery (VA) near the C2 fracture. Digital subtraction angiography also revealed right TVAVF between the V2 segment of the right VA and the vertebral venous plexus, draining into the right internal jugular vein and the deep cervical vein as well as the intracranial venous system. The fistula was also opacified by retrograde flow from the contralateral VA through the union, while the flow in the basilar artery was antegrade. The patient was diagnosed with TVAVF with large transection of the right VA, and underwent endovascular treatment with internal trapping of the right VA using coils starting distal to the transection and proceeding in a proximal direction. After treatment, the right VAVF and right VA were completely occluded. The patient achieved clinical symptom resolution with no neurological deficits. Endovascular treatment with internal trapping of the VA using coils is safe and effective against TVAVF.

  7. Ruptured Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysm: Staged Emergency Endovascular Treatment in the Interventional Radiology Suite

    SciTech Connect

    Kelckhoven, Bas-Jeroen van Bruijninckx, Boy M. A.; Knippenberg, Bob; Overhagen, Hans van

    2007-07-15

    Ruptured aneurysms of the internal iliac artery (IIA) are rare and challenging to treat surgically. Due to their anatomic location they are difficult to operate on and perioperative morbidity is high. An endovascular approach can be helpful. We recently treated a patient with a ruptured IIA aneurysm in the interventional radiology suite with embolization of the side-branch of the IIA and placement of a covered stent in the ipsilateral common and external iliac arteries. A suitable stent-graft was not available initially and had to be brought in from elsewhere. An angioplasty balloon was temporarily placed across the ostium of the IIA to obtain hemostasis. Two hours later, the procedure was finished by placing the stent-graft.

  8. Early control of distal internal carotid artery during carotid endarterectomy: does it reduce cerebral microemboli?

    PubMed

    Mommertz, G; Das, M; Langer, S; Koeppel, T A; Krings, T; Mess, W H; Schiefer, J; Jacobs, M J

    2010-06-01

    According to the results of the large trials on carotid endarterectomy (CEA), this type of surgery is only warranted if perioperative mortality and morbidity are kept considerably low. Less attention has been paid to methods of cerebral protection during CEA, although intraoperative transcranial Doppler (TCD) can visualise intracerebral microemboli (MES) during routine carotid dissection, although MES occur throughout the CEA, only those during dissection are related to neurological outcome. Prevention of MES by means of early control of the distal internal carotid artery dislodging from the carotid artery plaque during dissection is very likely the mechanism behind an eventual benefit from this approach. Hence, the amount of MES might serve as a surrogate parameter for the risk of periprocedural neurological events. So, the aim of the present study was to evaluate whether early control of the distal carotid artery during CEA is capable of reducing the number of MES by means of a prospective randomised trial. Twenty-eight patients (29 procedures) could be prospectively included in our study. Before surgery we randomly assigned the patients to two groups: group A (N.=12): CEA by means of early control of the distal internal carotid artery; group B (N.=17): CEA with dissection of the total carotid bifurcation before clamping the arteries. Periprocedurally, we continuously monitored the cerebral blood flow in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery by means of TCD. Pre- and postoperative morbidity were independently verified by a neurologist <2 days before and not later than five days after the procedure. Values of microembolic signs during dissection were summarised with arithmetic means and standard deviations. For further analysis non parametric Wilcoxon test was performed between both methods. P-values <0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Wilcoxon test was performed to compare both methods concerning clamp- and procedure times. We performed EEA 26

  9. Experimental study of sutureless vascular anastomosis with use of glued prosthesis in rabbits.

    PubMed

    Vokrri, Lulzim; Qavdarbasha, Arsim; Rudari, Hajriz; Ahmetaj, Halil; Manxhuka-Kërliu, Suzana; Hyseni, Nexhmi; Porcu, Paolo; Cinquin, Philippe; Sessa, Carmine

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study is to explore the feasibility and efficacy of a new technique for sutureless vascular anastomosis, using glued prosthesis, as a sole anastomosis fixation method in rabbits. Ten rabbits were randomly selected to conduct the experiment. Five rabbits underwent direct anastomosis of infrarenal abdominal aorta, with glued prosthesis. In five other rabbits, reconstruction was done by sutured anastomosis. All animals were immediately examined by echo-Doppler for patency of anastomosis. The burst pressure of the glued anastomosis was measured and compared with that of a sutured artery. The animals were euthanized, and tissue samples were taken for histological examination immediately after the experiment. Compared to conventional anastomoses, sutureless vascular anastomoses required shorter time of creation and significantly reduced blood loss (P<5%). There was no significant difference on the average blood flow through the anastomosis between two groups at the end of surgery. All anastomoses with glued prosthesis, examined by echo-Doppler, were patent at the anastomotic site, except one, which was stenosed immediately after surgery. In the control group, except one with stenosis, all conventional anastomoses were patent. Mean burst pressure at the anastomotic site for sutureless anastomoses was lower than in control group. Macroscopically, the BioGlue did not demonstrate any adhesion to the surrounding tissue as it was covered by the vascular prosthesis. Histological examination showed low-grade inflammatory reaction in glued anastomoses versus no inflammatory reaction at the sutured anastomoses. This technique may provide a feasible and successful alternative in vascular surgery. However, further long-term studies are necessary to elucidate the break pressure and degree of inflammation at the anastomotic site.

  10. Experimental study of sutureless vascular anastomosis with use of glued prosthesis in rabbits

    PubMed Central

    Vokrri, Lulzim; Qavdarbasha, Arsim; Rudari, Hajriz; Ahmetaj, Halil; Manxhuka-Kërliu, Suzana; Hyseni, Nexhmi; Porcu, Paolo; Cinquin, Philippe; Sessa, Carmine

    2015-01-01

    Objective The objective of this study is to explore the feasibility and efficacy of a new technique for sutureless vascular anastomosis, using glued prosthesis, as a sole anastomosis fixation method in rabbits. Methods Ten rabbits were randomly selected to conduct the experiment. Five rabbits underwent direct anastomosis of infrarenal abdominal aorta, with glued prosthesis. In five other rabbits, reconstruction was done by sutured anastomosis. All animals were immediately examined by echo-Doppler for patency of anastomosis. The burst pressure of the glued anastomosis was measured and compared with that of a sutured artery. The animals were euthanized, and tissue samples were taken for histological examination immediately after the experiment. Results Compared to conventional anastomoses, sutureless vascular anastomoses required shorter time of creation and significantly reduced blood loss (P<5%). There was no significant difference on the average blood flow through the anastomosis between two groups at the end of surgery. All anastomoses with glued prosthesis, examined by echo-Doppler, were patent at the anastomotic site, except one, which was stenosed immediately after surgery. In the control group, except one with stenosis, all conventional anastomoses were patent. Mean burst pressure at the anastomotic site for sutureless anastomoses was lower than in control group. Macroscopically, the BioGlue did not demonstrate any adhesion to the surrounding tissue as it was covered by the vascular prosthesis. Histological examination showed low-grade inflammatory reaction in glued anastomoses versus no inflammatory reaction at the sutured anastomoses. Conclusion This technique may provide a feasible and successful alternative in vascular surgery. However, further long-term studies are necessary to elucidate the break pressure and degree of inflammation at the anastomotic site. PMID:25848302

  11. Percutaneous Recanalization of Acute Internal Carotid Artery Occlusions in Patients with Severe Stroke

    SciTech Connect

    Dabitz, Rainer; Triebe, Stefan; Leppmeier, Ullrich; Ochs, Guenther; Vorwerk, Dierk

    2007-02-15

    Background. Sudden symptomatic occlusions of the proximal internal carotid artery (ICA) resulting in severe middle cerebral artery (MCA) ischemia and stroke are usually not accessible by rt-PA thrombolysis and the prognosis is usually very poor. Mechanical recanalization of the proximal ICA combined with intravenous and intra-arterial thrombolysis was therefore used as a rescue procedure. Methods. Ten patients (9 men, 1 woman; mean age 56.1 years) were treated with emergency recanalization of the proximal carotid artery by using stents and/or balloon angioplasty as a rescue procedure. Three patients showed dissection, and 7 had atherothrombotic occlusions. Nine of 10 presented with an initial modified Rankin Scale (mRS) of 5, the remaining patient with mRS 4 (average NIHSS 21.4). After sonographic confirmation of ICA with associated MCA/distal ICA occlusion and bridging with rt-PA (without abciximab) an emergency angiography was performed with subsequent mechanical recanalization by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) (n = 1) or primary stenting (n = 9) using self-expanding stents. Distal protection was used in 1 of 10 patients. Results. Recanalization of the proximal ICA was achieved in all. At least partial recanalization of the intracerebral arteries was achieved in all, and complete recanalization in 5. In 4 of 10 patients limited hemorrhage was detected during CT controls. Major complications included 2 patients who had to undergo hemicraniectomy. One patient died from malignant infarction. At the time of discharge from the stroke unit 9 of 10 patients had improved markedly, 5 patients having an mRS of {<=}2, and 3 patients a mRS of 3. At control after a mean of 20 weeks, 7 of 8 (88%) patients had a mRS {<=}2, and 1 a mRS of 3. Conclusions. Primary mechanical recanalization of ICA occlusions by stent and PTA combined with fibrinolysis and/or GPIIb/IIIa-receptor antagonists seems to be feasible to improve patient outcome significantly.

  12. Techniques and benefits of multiple internal mammary artery bypass at 20 years of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Rankin, J Scott; Tuttle, Robert H; Wechsler, Andrew S; Teichmann, Tracey L; Glower, Donald D; Califf, Robert M

    2007-03-01

    In patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, performing multiple internal mammary artery (MIMA) grafts to two coronary systems during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) improves clinical outcome. Few databases have decades of follow-up, however, and the optimal configuration is still in question. The purpose of this study was to assess 20-year clinical benefits of MIMA grafting and to evaluate the possible effects of two different MIMA configurations. From 1984 to 1986, 867 patients with multivessel coronary disease underwent CABG. Single (SIMA) IMA grafts were used in 490 and multiple (MIMA) IMA grafts in 377, along with concomitant saphenous veins. Generally, MIMAs were placed to the two largest coronary systems. Among baseline characteristics, only smoking, diabetes, and hypertension were significantly higher for MIMA versus SIMA. Multivariable Cox model analysis was used to assess outcome differences between groups. During a median follow-up of 20 years, the composite of mortality, myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, and redo CABG was significantly reduced after MIMA versus SIMA (p = 0.013). Event-free survival was extended by almost 1 year (p = 0.018), and redo CABG was reduced by 59% (p = 0.005). A comparison within the MIMA group was made between 235 patients receiving IMA grafts to left anterior descending/left circumflex territories versus 122 with grafts to left anterior descending/right coronary artery systems. No significant difference in composite outcome was observed between these configurations (p = 0.88). These data confirm the clinical benefits of MIMA grafting in multivessel coronary disease to 20 years of follow-up. As long as MIMAs are placed to the two largest coronary systems, no significant differences in long-term results are evident between left anterior descending/left circumflex and left anterior descending/right coronary artery configurations.

  13. Comparison of thermal damage of the internal thoracic artery using ultra high radiofrequency and monopolar diathermy.

    PubMed

    Bulat, Cristijan; Pešutić-Pisac, Valdi; Capkun, Vesna; Marović, Zlatko; Pogorelić, Zenon; Družijanić, Nikica

    2014-10-01

    The internal thoracic artery (ITA) has been accepted worldwide as a first choice conduit for myocardial revascularisation. It still remains questionable what is the best method for ITA harvesting in a skeletonized fashion according to structural integrity of artery, as a risk factor of early and late graft failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the ultra-high radiofrequency energy used for ITA harvesting on arterial structural integrity, in particular on the endothelial layer. Seventy-four ITA specimens were divided into two groups depending on device used for harvesting (radiofrequency-knife (RF) or electrocauter (EC)). Thermal damage on arterial structural integrity was measured using light microscope, morphometric imaging analysis and immunohistochemical methods. Thermal damage of endothelium was 2.8 times higher in EC than in RF group (p = 0.041) and 5 times higher in patients older than 66 years of age (p = 0.002). Extent of endothelial damage (graded from 0 to 3) was significantly higher in EC group (p = 0.03). Also, in EC group, in patients older than 66 years of age higher proportion of extent of endothelial damage was found (p = 0.027). The endothelial damage was more often in EC than in RF group as in the patients older than 66 years of age. Demonstrated results suggest that the radiosurgery in comparison to conventional electrocautery is safe and effective method, and significantly reduces thermal damage to endothelial layer of artery. Copyright © 2013 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Kinking of internal carotid artery: is it a risk factor for cerebro-vascular damage in patients undergoing cardiac surgery?

    PubMed

    Borioni, R; Garofalo, M; Actis Dato, G M; Pierri, M D; Caprara, E; Albano, P; Chiariello, L

    1994-08-01

    The incidence of carotid artery kinking is reported from 4% to 25% in different studies. During cardiopulmonary by-pass (CPB) in cardiac surgery the hemodynamic effects related to the kinking could produce hypoperfusion especially if associated with atherosclerotic lesions of the carotid arteries. We report our experience of 653 patients (538 males, 115 females, mean age 58.3 years) studied by coronaroangiography and internal carotid artery duplex scanning during the period January 1991-December 1992. Thirty-seven patients (22 males, 15 females, mean age 64.9 years), revealed anomalies of the internal carotid artery classificated as tortuosity (9 patients; 24.4%), and kinking (28 patients; 75.6%). All but 4 patients underwent cardiac surgery isolated or associated with carotid thrombo-endarterectomy (TEA) with Dacron patch arterioplasty. Three patients died (8.1%), one of them from cerebrovascular accident. He was a patient who had thromboembolism from the ascending aorta but without associated atherosclerotic lesions of carotid arteries. Asymptomatic isolated internal carotid artery kinking does not seem to be a risk factor for neurological complications during CPB. If carotid kinking is symptomatic and associated with atherosclerotic plaque producing internal carotid artery stenosis greater than 75%, we strongly suggest surgical treatment before cardiac operation.

  15. Pudendal nerve and internal pudendal artery damage may contribute to radiation-induced erectile dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Nolan, Michael W; Marolf, Angela J; Ehrhart, E J; Rao, Sangeeta; Kraft, Susan L; Engel, Stephanie; Yoshikawa, Hiroto; Golden, Anne E; Wasserman, Todd H; LaRue, Susan M

    2015-03-15

    Erectile dysfunction is common after radiation therapy for prostate cancer; yet, the etiopathology of radiation-induced erectile dysfunction (RI-ED) remains poorly understood. A novel animal model was developed to study RI-ED, wherein stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) was used to irradiate the prostate, neurovascular bundles (NVB), and penile bulb (PB) of dogs. The purpose was to describe vascular and neurogenic injuries after the irradiation of only the NVB or the PB, and after irradiation of all 3 sites (prostate, NVB, and PB) with varying doses of radiation. Dogs were treated with 50, 40, or 30 Gy to the prostate, NVB, and PB, or 50 Gy to either the NVB or the PB, by 5-fraction SBRT. Electrophysiologic studies of the pudendal nerve and bulbospongiosus muscles and ultrasound studies of pelvic perfusion were performed before and after SBRT. The results of these bioassays were correlated with histopathologic changes. SBRT caused slowing of the systolic rise time, which corresponded to decreased arterial patency. Alterations in the response of the internal pudendal artery to vasoactive drugs were observed, wherein SBRT caused a paradoxical response to papaverine, slowing the systolic rise time after 40 and 50 Gy; these changes appeared to have some dose dependency. The neurofilament content of penile nerves was also decreased at high doses and was more profound when the PB was irradiated than when the NVB was irradiated. These findings are coincident with slowing of motor nerve conduction velocities in the pudendal nerve after SBRT. This is the first report in which prostatic irradiation was shown to cause morphologic arterial damage that was coincident with altered internal pudendal arterial tone, and in which decreased motor function in the pudendal nerve was attributed to axonal degeneration and loss. Further investigation of the role played by damage to these structures in RI-ED is warranted. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Pudendal Nerve and Internal Pudendal Artery Damage May Contribute to Radiation-Induced Erectile Dysfunction

    SciTech Connect

    Nolan, Michael W.; Marolf, Angela J.; Ehrhart, E.J.; Rao, Sangeeta; Kraft, Susan L.; Engel, Stephanie; Yoshikawa, Hiroto; Golden, Anne E.; Wasserman, Todd H.; LaRue, Susan M.

    2015-03-15

    Purpose/Objectives: Erectile dysfunction is common after radiation therapy for prostate cancer; yet, the etiopathology of radiation-induced erectile dysfunction (RI-ED) remains poorly understood. A novel animal model was developed to study RI-ED, wherein stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) was used to irradiate the prostate, neurovascular bundles (NVB), and penile bulb (PB) of dogs. The purpose was to describe vascular and neurogenic injuries after the irradiation of only the NVB or the PB, and after irradiation of all 3 sites (prostate, NVB, and PB) with varying doses of radiation. Methods and Materials: Dogs were treated with 50, 40, or 30 Gy to the prostate, NVB, and PB, or 50 Gy to either the NVB or the PB, by 5-fraction SBRT. Electrophysiologic studies of the pudendal nerve and bulbospongiosus muscles and ultrasound studies of pelvic perfusion were performed before and after SBRT. The results of these bioassays were correlated with histopathologic changes. Results: SBRT caused slowing of the systolic rise time, which corresponded to decreased arterial patency. Alterations in the response of the internal pudendal artery to vasoactive drugs were observed, wherein SBRT caused a paradoxical response to papaverine, slowing the systolic rise time after 40 and 50 Gy; these changes appeared to have some dose dependency. The neurofilament content of penile nerves was also decreased at high doses and was more profound when the PB was irradiated than when the NVB was irradiated. These findings are coincident with slowing of motor nerve conduction velocities in the pudendal nerve after SBRT. Conclusions: This is the first report in which prostatic irradiation was shown to cause morphologic arterial damage that was coincident with altered internal pudendal arterial tone, and in which decreased motor function in the pudendal nerve was attributed to axonal degeneration and loss. Further investigation of the role played by damage to these structures in RI-ED is

  17. Detection of Helicobacter pylori DNA in Aortic and Left Internal Mammary Artery Biopsies

    PubMed Central

    Iriz, Erkan; Cirak, Meltem Yalinay; Engin, Evren Doruk; Zor, Mustafa Hakan; Erer, Dilek; Ozdogan, Mehmet Emin; Turet, Sevgi; Yener, Ali

    2008-01-01

    We investigated the relationship between acute coronary ischemia and the presence of Helicobacter pylori DNA in aortic regions that were absent macroscopic atheromatous plaques. The study group (Group 1) consisted of 42 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Biopsy samples were obtained from 2 different locations: from regions of the aorta that were free (macroscopically) of atheromatous plaque (Group 1A), and from the internal mammary artery (Group 1B). The control group (Group 2) of 10 patients who had no atherosclerotic vascular disease provided aortic tissue samples for comparison. The real-time polymerase chain reaction method was used to detect H. pylori DNA in all biopsy samples. Eleven of 42 aortic tissue samples (26%) in Group 1A were positive for H. pylori DNA. Neither biopsies from the left internal mammary arteries of those patients nor biopsies from the aortas of the control group (Group 2) were positive for H. pylori DNA. There was a statistically significant difference between 1A and 1B in terms of H. pylori positivity (P=0.001). In Group 1 as a whole, acute coronary ischemia was more prevalent in the H. pylori-positive patients than in the H. pylori-negative patients (P=0.001). To our knowledge, this is the 1st study to investigate the detection of H. pylori DNA in aortic biopsy samples that are macroscopically free of atheromatous plaque. Such detection in patients who have atherosclerotic coronary artery disease could be an important indication of the role of microorganisms in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. PMID:18612444

  18. Intracranial haemodynamics during vasomotor stress test in unilateral internal carotid artery occlusion estimated by 3-D transcranial Doppler scanner.

    PubMed

    Zbornikova, V; Lassvik, C; Hillman, J

    1995-04-01

    Seventeen patients, 14 males and 3 females, mean age 64 years (range 45-77 years) with longstanding unilateral occlusion of the internal carotid artery and minimal neurological deficit, were evaluated in order to find criteria for potential benefit of extracranial-intracranial by-pass surgery. 3-D transcranial Doppler was used for estimation of mean velocities and pulsatility index in the middle cerebral artery, anterior cerebral artery and posterior cerebral artery before and after iv injection of 1 g acetazolamide. The anterior cerebral artery was the supplying vessel to the occluded side in 16 patients and mean velocities were significantly (p < 0.001) faster on the occluded (59.3 +/- 14.5 cm sec-1) and nonoccluded (91.6 +/- 29.6 cm sec-1, p < 0.05)) side than those found in the middle cerebral artery (39.2 +/- 13.7 and 50.9 +/- 8.5 cm sec-1). In two patients a decrease of mean velocity after acetazolamide was noted in middle cerebral artery indicating 'steal' effect. In another 4 patients, poor vasomotor response was seen with less than 11% of mean velocity increase in the middle cerebral artery. Differences between posterior cerebral artery on the occluded and nonoccluded side were insignificant as well as those between middle and posterior on the occluded side. Resting values of pulsatility index differed significantly (p < 0.01) only between anterior and posterior cerebral artery on the nonoccluded side.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  19. A reappraisal of the ileo-rectal anastomosis in ulcerative colitis.

    PubMed

    Myrelid, Pär; Øresland, Tom

    2015-06-01

    Colectomy is still frequently required in the care of ulcerative colitis. The most common indications are either non-responding colitis in the emergency setting, chronic active disease, steroid-dependent disease or neoplastic change like dysplasia or cancer. The use of the ileal pouch anal anastomosis has internationally been the gold standard, substituting the rectum with a pouch. Recently the use of the ileorectal anastomosis has increased in frequency as reconstructive method after subtotal colectomy. Data from centres using ileorectal anastomosis have shown the method to be safe, with functionality and risk of failure comparable to the ileal pouch anal anastomosis. The methods have different advantages as well as disadvantages, depending on a number of patient factors and where in life the patient is at time of reconstruction. The ileorectal anastomosis could, together with the Kock continent ileostomy, in selected cases be a complement to the ileal pouch anal anastomosis in ulcerative colitis and should be discussed with the patient before deciding on reconstructive method.

  20. Sequential venous anastomosis design to enhance patency of arterio-venous grafts for hemodialysis.

    PubMed

    Kabinejadian, Foad; Su, Boyang; Ghista, Dhanjoo N; Ismail, Munirah; Kim, Sangho; Leo, Hwa Liang

    2017-01-01

    Arterio-venous grafts (AVGs), the second best option as long-term vascular access for hemodialysis, face major issues of stenosis mainly due to development of intimal hyperplasia at the venous anastomosis which is linked to unfavorable hemodynamic conditions. We have investigated computationally the utility of a coupled sequential venous anastomotic design to replace conventional end-to-side (ETS) venous anastomosis, in order to improve the hemodynamic environment and consequently enhance the patency of AVGs. Two complete vascular access models with the conventional and the proposed venous anastomosis configurations were constructed. Three-dimensional, pulsatile blood flow through the models was simulated, and wall shear stress (WSS)-based hemodynamic parameters were calculated and compared between the two models. Simulation results demonstrated that the proposed anastomotic design provides: (i) a more uniform and smooth flow at the ETS anastomosis, without flow impingement and stagnation point on the artery bed and vortex formation in the heel region of the ETS anastomosis; (ii) more uniform distribution of WSS and substantially lower WSS gradients on the venous wall; and (iii) a spare route for the blood flow to the vein, to avoid re-operation in case of stenosis. The distinctive hemodynamic advantages observed in the proposed anastomotic design can enhance the patency of AVGs.

  1. Multispectral tissue characterization for intestinal anastomosis optimization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cha, Jaepyeong; Shademan, Azad; Le, Hanh N. D.; Decker, Ryan; Kim, Peter C. W.; Kang, Jin U.; Krieger, Axel

    2015-10-01

    Intestinal anastomosis is a surgical procedure that restores bowel continuity after surgical resection to treat intestinal malignancy, inflammation, or obstruction. Despite the routine nature of intestinal anastomosis procedures, the rate of complications is high. Standard visual inspection cannot distinguish the tissue subsurface and small changes in spectral characteristics of the tissue, so existing tissue anastomosis techniques that rely on human vision to guide suturing could lead to problems such as bleeding and leakage from suturing sites. We present a proof-of-concept study using a portable multispectral imaging (MSI) platform for tissue characterization and preoperative surgical planning in intestinal anastomosis. The platform is composed of a fiber ring light-guided MSI system coupled with polarizers and image analysis software. The system is tested on ex vivo porcine intestine tissue, and we demonstrate the feasibility of identifying optimal regions for suture placement.

  2. Internal Pudendal Artery Perforator Island Flap for Management of Recurrent Benign Rectovaginal Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Malahias, Marco N.; Karandikar, Sharad; Hendrickse, Charles

    2016-01-01

    Summary: The management of recurrent rectovaginal fistula after obstetric injury and cryptoglandular sepsis is considered a major surgical challenge. The fistula poses a significant negative psychosocial and sexual morbidity. In addition, the poor quality of local tissues due to previous attempts at surgical repair adds to this challenge. There are few data regarding the management of persistent or recurrent fistula in the literature; however, several studies reported high failure rates after 2 or more procedures. We present 4 cases managed successfully in a multidisciplinary approach involving fistulectomy and immediate reconstruction with an internal pudendal artery perforator island flap. PMID:27622109

  3. Blunt traumatic internal carotid artery dissection with delayed stroke in a young skydiver

    PubMed Central

    Abbo, Michael; Hussain, Kosar; Ali, Mohammad Baqer Mohammad

    2013-01-01

    We describe a case of a 33-year-old skydiver who presented to the emergency department after a traumatic landing following a parachuting episode. He initially presented with right knee pain secondary to a tibial plateau fracture. There were no neurological symptoms or signs at the initial assessment. While he was still in the emergency department, he suddenly developed headache and left-sided hemiplegia. An urgent work-up showed right middle cerebral artery thrombosis with right internal carotid thrombosis and dissection. We have discussed some possible mechanism of injury in skydiving that may have predisposed to the occurrence of cervical dissection in our patient. PMID:23559649

  4. Blunt traumatic internal carotid artery dissection with delayed stroke in a young skydiver.

    PubMed

    Abbo, Michael; Hussain, Kosar; Ali, Mohammad Baqer Mohammad

    2013-04-03

    We describe a case of a 33-year-old skydiver who presented to the emergency department after a traumatic landing following a parachuting episode. He initially presented with right knee pain secondary to a tibial plateau fracture. There were no neurological symptoms or signs at the initial assessment. While he was still in the emergency department, he suddenly developed headache and left-sided hemiplegia. An urgent work-up showed right middle cerebral artery thrombosis with right internal carotid thrombosis and dissection. We have discussed some possible mechanism of injury in skydiving that may have predisposed to the occurrence of cervical dissection in our patient.

  5. Internal carotid artery surgical revascularization in a pediatric patient with Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Westbroek, Erick M; Mukerji, Nitin; Kalanithi, Paul; Steinberg, Gary K

    2015-02-01

    Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, episodic lymphopenia, renal failure, and cerebrovascular disease secondary to arteriosclerosis and myointimal hyperplasia. In this paper the authors report the first known application of internal carotid artery (ICA) surgical revascularization to relieve a high-grade focal stenosis of the ICA in a pediatric patient, a 6-year-old boy with SIOD. The clinical presentation, imaging features, operative technique, and postoperative course are described and the molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and treatment considerations in SIOD are discussed.

  6. [Cerebral vasospasm after coil embolization for unruptured internal carotid artery aneurysm: case report].

    PubMed

    Ogata, Atsushi; Suzuyama, Kenji; Koga, Hisao; Takase, Yukinori; Matsushima, Toshio

    2010-01-01

    A 38-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a 3-day history of severe headache associated with some nausea and vomiting. MRI did not show any evidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage, but MRA and CTA showed an aneurysm on the paraclinoid region of the right internal carotid artery. She was successfully treated by coil embolization. MRA taken 7 days after the treatment showed marked vasospam. Fortunately, her therapeutic course was uneventful and she was discharged without any neurological deficits. Vasospasm without subarachnoid hemorrhage is a rare event. Here, we review the literature and discuss potential mechanisms for vasospasm in the absence of subarachnoid hemorrhage.

  7. Congenital Horner Syndrome with Heterochromia Iridis Associated with Ipsilateral Internal Carotid Artery Hypoplasia

    PubMed Central

    Coulier, Julie; Rommel, Denis; Boschi, Antonella

    2015-01-01

    Background Horner syndrome (HS), also known as Claude-Bernard-Horner syndrome or oculosympathetic palsy, comprises ipsilateral ptosis, miosis, and facial anhidrosis. Case Report We report herein the case of a 67-year-old man who presented with congenital HS associated with ipsilateral hypoplasia of the internal carotid artery (ICA), as revealed by heterochromia iridis and confirmed by computed tomography (CT). Conclusions CT evaluation of the skull base is essential to establish this diagnosis and distinguish aplasia from agenesis/hypoplasia (by the absence or hypoplasia of the carotid canal) or from acquired ICA obstruction as demonstrated by angiographic CT. PMID:25749818

  8. New exposure technique for management of giant internal carotid artery aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Ktenidis, Kiriakos; Lioupis, Athanasios; Megalopoulos, Aggelos; Antoniadis, Konstantinos; Kiskinis, Dimitrios

    2011-08-01

    We are presenting a case of giant internal carotid artery aneurysm (ICAA) managed by a new exposure technique. Following double mandibular osteotomy, the exposure of the entire aneurysm was achieved by mandible mobilization. The aneurysm repair was performed by resection and graft interposition. Mandible bone reconstruction was succeeded via mini plate osteosynthesis. No adverse events were noticed during the 24-month follow-up period. The surgical ICAA management is necessary to prevent severe complications. In cases of aneurysm extension to the skull base, double mandibular osteotomy is a safe technique that facilitates aneurysm exposure and control. Copyright © 2011 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Rationale and design of a multicenter, international and collaborative Coronary Artery Aneurysm Registry (CAAR).

    PubMed

    Núñez-Gil, Iván J; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Bagur, Rodrigo; Bollati, Mario; Cerrato, Enrico; Alfonso, Emilio; Liebetrau, Christoph; De la Torre Hernandez, José María; Camacho, Benjamín; Mila, Rafael; Amat-Santos, Ignacio J; Alfonso, Fernando; Rodríguez-Olivares, Ramón; Camacho Freire, Santiago J; Lozano, Íñigo; Jiménez Díaz, Víctor Alfonso; Piraino, Davide; Latini, Roberto Adriano; Feltes, Gisela; Linares, Jose Antonio; Mancone, Massimo; Ielasi, Alfonso; Sánchez-Grande Flecha, Alejandro; Fernández Cisnal, Agustín; Ugo, Fabrizio; Jiménez Mazuecos, Jesús M; Omedè, Pierluigi; Pavani, Marco; Villablanca, Pedro A; Louka, Boshra F; Fernández-Ortiz, Antonio

    2017-08-01

    Coronary artery aneurysm is defined as a coronary dilation that exceeds the diameter of adjacent segments or the diameter of the patient's largest normal coronary vessel by 1.5×. It is an uncommon disease that has been diagnosed with increasing frequency since the widespread appearance of coronary angiography. The published incidence varies from 1.5% to 5%, suggesting male dominance and a predilection for the right coronary artery. Although several causes have been described, atherosclerosis accounts for ≥50% of coronary aneurysms in adults. Reported complications include thrombosis and distal embolization, rupture, and vasospasm, causing ischemia, heart failure, or arrhythmias. The natural history and prognosis remain unknown, as definitive data are scarce. Controversies persist regarding the use of medical management (antithrombotic therapy) or interventional/surgical procedures. Only some case reports or small case series are available about this condition. The Coronary Artery Aneurysm Registry (CAAR; http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02563626) is a multicenter international ambispective registry that aims to provide insights on anatomic, epidemiologic, and clinical aspects of this substantially unknown entity. In addition, the registry will assess management strategies (conservative, interventional, or surgical) and their short- and long-term results in a large cohort of patients. ClinicalTrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02563626. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Recurrent Strokes due to Transient Vasospasms of the Extracranial Internal Carotid Artery

    PubMed Central

    Wöpking, Sigrid; Kastrup, Andreas; Lentschig, Markus; Brunner, Freimuth

    2013-01-01

    Vasospasms of the intracranial arteries are a well-known complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage and are also frequently encountered in other disorders such as migraine, cerebral vasculitis or reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome. In contrast, recurrent spontaneous vasospasms of the extracranial circulation appear to be extremely rare and have most often been associated with migraine. We present a patient with recurrent strokes due to spontaneous transient vasospastic occlusions of the internal carotid artery (ICA) without migraine over a time period of at least 13 years. Initially, the patient had presented with a bilateral ICA occlusion and a cerebral infarct on the right side. While the right ICA remained occluded, a reopening of the left ICA could be detected 3 days after this initial event. In subsequent years, both duplex sonography and magnetic resonance angiography revealed recurrent occlusions of the left ICA, which resolved spontaneously within days. This case and other rare previous reports indicate that recurrent non-migrainous vasospasms of the extracranial carotid artery likely reflect a distinct entity which can cause ischemic strokes. PMID:24052791

  11. Predictive Value of Balloon Test Occlusion of the Internal Carotid Artery

    PubMed Central

    Segal, David H.; Sen, Chandranath; Bederson, Joshua B.; Catalano, Peter; Sacher, Michael; Stollman, Aryeh L.; Lorberboym, Mordechai

    1995-01-01

    Balloon test occlusion (BTO) of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is used in conjunction with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging to assess the cerebrovascular collateral reserve prior to surgical manipulation of the artery. The present report reviews 56 consecutive patients with tumors or vascular lesions at the base of the skull who underwent BTO and subsequent treatment on that basis within a 3-year period. Four patients underwent carotid sacrifice, since they tolerated the BTO and had normal SPECT imaging. Postoperatively, one patient had patchy infarcts in the frontal lobe, another a middle cerebral artery territory infarction, a third had a lacunar infarct, and the fourth had an impending stroke and was treated with an emergent revascularization procedure. There were 15 patients who underwent saphenous vein bypass grafting, of these there were three graft occlusions, one of which resulted in an infarction. There were two other infarctions due to technical difficulties, one being related to the revascularization procedure. Based on these results, we suggest that passing BTO with a normal SPECT study does not necessarily indicate that the patient is immune to stroke following carotid sacrifice. Revascularization should be considered, when ICA sacrifice is deemed necessary to treat the pathologic condition adequately, to minimize the likelihood of a stroke. ImagesFigure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6Figure 7 PMID:17171183

  12. The "11 O'clock Heel First" technique for microvascular end-to-side anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Hegazy, Ahmed; Adel, Mohammad Fathy; Abd-Allah, Foad; Al-Shamy, Hiedar; Elbassiouny, Ahmed; Amin, Sameh Mahmoud; El Samadoni, A; Sandler, Adam; Biswas, Arundhati

    2017-01-01

    The heel of a microvascular end-to-side anastomosis is a common site for technical imperfections. We describe a simple technique to overcome this challenge. The aim of the technique is to insert all the sutures in an inside-to-outside manner at the heel area on the donor side of the anastomosis. This technique has first been tested in a laboratory setting and then was further elaborated in a clinical setting. One hundred and twenty adult albino Wistar rats of both genders were randomized into the following two groups: (A) Control, 48 rats, representing approximately 40% of the total sample, underwent the usual two anchoring stitch technique; (B) Study group, 72 rats, representing approximately 60% of the total sample, underwent the technique described. Patency was confirmed both clinically and by the use of fluorescein angiography. Rat weight, diameter of both the donor and recipient vessels, type of anastomosis (arterio-arterial or arterio-venous) and angiographic findings were used as variables. A P value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. The proposed technique had increased patency rates as compared to the standard technique, which was statistically significant (P = 0.021). However, there was no difference between the patency rates of arterio-arterial and arterio-venous atastomoses. The proposed technique is useful for perfecting the heel area of a microvascular end-to-side anastomosis in both laboratory and clinical settings.

  13. Results in a consecutive series of 83 surgical corrections of symptomatic stenotic kinking of the internal carotid artery.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulio; Ricco, Jean-Baptiste; Caliò, Francesco G; D'Urso, Antonio; Ceccanei, Gianluca; Vietri, Francesco

    2008-01-01

    Although there is a growing body of evidence to document the safety and efficacy of operative treatment of carotid stenosis, surgical indications for elongation and kinking of the internal carotid artery remain controversial. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of surgical correction of internal carotid artery kinking in patients with persistent hemispheric symptoms despite antiplatelet therapy. A consecutive series of 81 patients (mean age, 64 years) underwent 83 surgical procedures to correct kinking of the internal carotid artery either by shortening and reimplanting the vessel on the common carotid artery, inserting a bypass graft, or transposing the vessel onto the external carotid artery. Mean follow-up was 56 months (range, 15-135 months). Study endpoints were 30-day mortality and any stroke occurring during follow-up. No postoperative death was observed. The postoperative stroke rate was 1%. Primary patency, freedom from neurologic symptoms, and late survival at 5 years (x +/- standard deviation) were 89 +/- 4.1%, 92 +/- 4%, and 71 +/- 6%, respectively. The findings of this study indicate that surgical correction for symptomatic stenotic kinking of the internal carotid artery is safe and effective in relieving symptoms and preventing stroke. Operative correction should be considered as the standard treatment for patients with symptomatic carotid kinking that does not respond to antiplatelet therapy.

  14. Topical vasodilator response in skeletonized internal mammary artery: Is there really a difference?

    PubMed Central

    Shah, Syed Raza; Shah, Syed Arbab; Jangda, Muhammad Ahmed; Yaqub, Mohammad Danial; Jangda, Ayesha Altaf; Khan, Maham; Khan, Muhammad Asim; Tomkins, Brian

    2017-01-01

    Aim of the Study: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is the gold standard for the treatment of multivessel and left main coronary artery disease. However, there is considerable debate that whether left internal mammary artery (IMA) should be taken as pedicled or skeletonized. This study was conducted to assess the difference in blood flow after the application of topical vasodilator in skeletonized and pedicled IMA. Materials and Methods: In this study, each patient underwent either skeletonized (n = 25) or pedicled IMA harvesting (n = 25). The type of graft on each individual patient was decided randomly. Intraoperative variables such as conduit length and blood flow were measured by the surgeon himself. The length of the grafted IMA was carefully determined in vivo, with the proximal and distal ends attached, from the first rib to IMA divergence. The IMA flow was measured on two separate occasions, before and after application of topical vasodilator. Known cases of subclavian artery stenosis and previous sternal radiation were excluded from the study. Results: The blood flow before the application of topical vasodilator was similar in both the groups (P = 0.227). However, the flow was significantly less in pedicled than skeletonized IMA after application of vasodilator (P < 0.0001). Similarly, the length of skeletonized graft was significantly higher than the length of pedicled graft (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Our study signifies that skeletonization of IMA results in increased graft length and blood flow after the application of topical vasodilator. However, we recommend that long-term clinical trials should be conducted to fully determine long-term patency rates of skeletonized IMA. PMID:28182034

  15. Selective internal radiation therapy of hepatic tumours: is coiling of the gastroduodenal artery always beneficial?

    PubMed

    Schelhorn, J; Theysohn, J; Ertle, J; Schlaak, J F; Mueller, S; Bockisch, A; Lauenstein, T

    2014-05-01

    To assess the effect of gastroduodenal artery (GDA) occlusion prior to selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) with regards to arterial hepato-intestinal collateralization (HIC). Six hundred and six patients were scheduled for SIRT between 2006 and 2012 at University Hospital Essen, Germany. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) followed by administration of 99m-technetium labelled human serum albumin microspheres ((99m)Tc-HSAM) and single-photon emission computed tomography combined with computed tomography (SPECT/CT) was initially performed. Depending on vascular anatomy and hepatic tumour load, GDA coil embolization was considered. In subsequent (99m)Tc-HSAM rescans or therapeutic DSA, HIC and its consequences for SIRT were analysed. The GDA was occluded in 86 of 606 patients (14%). Twenty-two of these 86 patients did not undergo SIRT due to the patients' clinical status or SIRT contraindications. In 28 of the remaining 64 patients, newly apparent or reopened HIC were seen either at the site of the proximal GDA (n = 21) or in the periphery of the hepatic arteries (n = 7). In 25 of these 28 patients, the HIC could be occluded or the catheter position could be changed achieving a safe (90)Y application. However, due to the newly visible HIC in three of 28 patients, SIRT was regarded as unsafe and was abandoned. Coil embolization of the GDA may induce arterial hepato-intestinal collaterals. Although most of these collaterals do not impede (90)Y administration, SIRT may become unfeasible in specific occasions. Hence, segmental or lobar SIRT instead of a whole-liver approach with coiling of the GDA is recommended. Copyright © 2014 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Clinical import of Horner syndrome in internal carotid and vertebral artery dissection.

    PubMed

    Lyrer, Philippe A; Brandt, Tobias; Metso, Tiina M; Metso, Antti J; Kloss, Manja; Debette, Stephanie; Leys, Didier; Caso, Valeria; Pezzini, Alessandro; Bonati, Leo H; Thijs, Vincent; Bersano, Anna; Touzé, Emmanuel; Gensicke, Henrik; Martin, Juan J; Lichy, Christoph; Tatlisumak, Turgut; Engelter, Stefan T; Grond-Ginsbach, Caspar

    2014-05-06

    To study the prognostic importance of Horner syndrome (HS) in patients with internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) or vertebral artery dissection (VAD). In this observational study, characteristics and outcome of patients with ICAD or VAD from the CADISP (Cervical Artery Dissection and Ischemic Stroke Patients) database were analyzed. The presence of HS was systematically assessed using a standardized questionnaire. Patients with HS (HS+) were compared with HS- patients. Crude odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals and ORs adjusted for age, sex, center, arterial occlusion, bilateral dissection, stroke severity, and type of antithrombotic treatment were calculated. We analyzed 765 patients (n = 496 with ICAD, n = 269 with VAD, n = 303 prospective, n = 462 retrospective). HS was present in 191 (38.5%) of the patients with ICAD and 36 (13.4%) of the patients with VAD (p < 0.001). HS+ ICAD patients presented less often with stroke or TIA (p < 0.001), less often had bilateral (p = 0.019) or occlusive (p = 0.001) dissections, and had fewer severe strokes (p = 0.041) than HS- ICAD patients. HS+ ICAD patients had a better functional 3-month outcome than those without HS (ORcrude = 4.0 [2.4-6.7]), and also after adjustment for outcome-relevant covariates (ORadjusted = 2.0 [1.1-4.0]). HS+ ICAD patients were less likely to have new strokes than HS- ICAD patients (p = 0.039). HS+ VAD patients more often had vessel occlusion (p = 0.014) than HS- patients but did not differ in any of the other aforementioned variables. In patients with ICAD, HS is an easily assessable marker that might indicate a more benign clinical course. HS had no prognostic meaning in patients with VAD.

  17. The Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

    PubMed

    van der Hoeven, Erik J R J; Schonewille, Wouter J; Vos, Jan Albert; Algra, Ale; Audebert, Heinrich J; Berge, Eivind; Ciccone, Alfonso; Mazighi, Mikael; Michel, Patrik; Muir, Keith W; Obach, Víctor; Puetz, Volker; Wijman, Cristanne A C; Zini, Andrea; Kappelle, Jaap L

    2013-07-08

    Despite recent advances in acute stroke treatment, basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is associated with a death or disability rate of close to 70%. Randomised trials have shown the safety and efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) given within 4.5 h and have shown promising results of intra-arterial thrombolysis given within 6 h of symptom onset of acute ischaemic stroke, but these results do not directly apply to patients with an acute BAO because only few, if any, of these patients were included in randomised acute stroke trials.Recently the results of the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS), a prospective registry of patients with acute symptomatic BAO challenged the often-held assumption that intra-arterial treatment (IAT) is superior to IVT. Our observations in the BASICS registry underscore that we continue to lack a proven treatment modality for patients with an acute BAO and that current clinical practice varies widely. BASICS is a randomised controlled, multicentre, open label, phase III intervention trial with blinded outcome assessment, investigating the efficacy and safety of additional IAT after IVT in patients with BAO. The trial targets to include 750 patients, aged 18 to 85 years, with CT angiography or MR angiography confirmed BAO treated with IVT. Patients will be randomised between additional IAT followed by optimal medical care versus optimal medical care alone. IVT has to be initiated within 4.5 h from estimated time of BAO and IAT within 6 h. The primary outcome parameter will be favourable outcome at day 90 defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 0-3. The BASICS registry was observational and has all the limitations of a non-randomised study. As the IAT approach becomes increasingly available and frequently utilised an adequately powered randomised controlled phase III trial investigating the added value of this therapy in patients with an acute symptomatic BAO is needed (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01717755).

  18. The Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Despite recent advances in acute stroke treatment, basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is associated with a death or disability rate of close to 70%. Randomised trials have shown the safety and efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) given within 4.5 h and have shown promising results of intra-arterial thrombolysis given within 6 h of symptom onset of acute ischaemic stroke, but these results do not directly apply to patients with an acute BAO because only few, if any, of these patients were included in randomised acute stroke trials. Recently the results of the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS), a prospective registry of patients with acute symptomatic BAO challenged the often-held assumption that intra-arterial treatment (IAT) is superior to IVT. Our observations in the BASICS registry underscore that we continue to lack a proven treatment modality for patients with an acute BAO and that current clinical practice varies widely. Design BASICS is a randomised controlled, multicentre, open label, phase III intervention trial with blinded outcome assessment, investigating the efficacy and safety of additional IAT after IVT in patients with BAO. The trial targets to include 750 patients, aged 18 to 85 years, with CT angiography or MR angiography confirmed BAO treated with IVT. Patients will be randomised between additional IAT followed by optimal medical care versus optimal medical care alone. IVT has to be initiated within 4.5 h from estimated time of BAO and IAT within 6 h. The primary outcome parameter will be favourable outcome at day 90 defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 0–3. Discussion The BASICS registry was observational and has all the limitations of a non-randomised study. As the IAT approach becomes increasingly available and frequently utilised an adequately powered randomised controlled phase III trial investigating the added value of this therapy in patients with an acute symptomatic BAO is needed (clinicaltrials

  19. Topical vasodilator response in skeletonized internal mammary artery: Is there really a difference?

    PubMed

    Shah, Syed Raza; Shah, Syed Arbab; Jangda, Muhammad Ahmed; Yaqub, Mohammad Danial; Jangda, Ayesha Altaf; Khan, Maham; Khan, Muhammad Asim; Tomkins, Brian

    2017-01-01

    Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is the gold standard for the treatment of multivessel and left main coronary artery disease. However, there is considerable debate that whether left internal mammary artery (IMA) should be taken as pedicled or skeletonized. This study was conducted to assess the difference in blood flow after the application of topical vasodilator in skeletonized and pedicled IMA. In this study, each patient underwent either skeletonized (n = 25) or pedicled IMA harvesting (n = 25). The type of graft on each individual patient was decided randomly. Intraoperative variables such as conduit length and blood flow were measured by the surgeon himself. The length of the grafted IMA was carefully determined in vivo, with the proximal and distal ends attached, from the first rib to IMA divergence. The IMA flow was measured on two separate occasions, before and after application of topical vasodilator. Known cases of subclavian artery stenosis and previous sternal radiation were excluded from the study. The blood flow before the application of topical vasodilator was similar in both the groups (P = 0.227). However, the flow was significantly less in pedicled than skeletonized IMA after application of vasodilator (P < 0.0001). Similarly, the length of skeletonized graft was significantly higher than the length of pedicled graft (P < 0.0001). Our study signifies that skeletonization of IMA results in increased graft length and blood flow after the application of topical vasodilator. However, we recommend that long-term clinical trials should be conducted to fully determine long-term patency rates of skeletonized IMA.

  20. Urgent Coronary Revascularization with Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Grafting: Is the Risk Justified?

    PubMed

    Gatti, Giuseppe; Maschietto, Luca; Benussi, Bernardo; Dreas, Lorella; Forti, Gabriella; Sinagra, Gianfranco; Pappalardo, Aniello

    2016-05-13

    Background The frequent need of immediate institution of cardiopulmonary bypass because of ischemia and increased risk of bleeding and longer duration of surgery limit the use of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting in urgency. Patients and Methods Of 4,525 consecutive patients with multivessel coronary artery disease who underwent isolated coronary bypass surgery at the authors' institution (1999-September 2015), 121 (2.7%) patients had an operation before the beginning of the next working day after decision to operate, which is the definition for emergency according to the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II. BITA and single internal thoracic artery (SITA) grafting were used in 52 and 46 of these patients, respectively; venous grafts alone were used in the remaining cases. BITA and SITA patients were compared as risk profiles, operative data, and outcomes. A propensity score (PS)-matched analysis was also performed. Results Between BITA and SITA patients, there was no significant difference as hospital mortality, both in the overall (3.8 vs. 6.5%; p = 0.66) and the PS-matched series (0 vs. 4.3%; p = 1). Among the postoperative complications, only bleeding (but not blood transfusion nor mediastinal re-exploration) was increased both in the overall (p = 0.037) and the PS-matched series of BITA patients (p = 0.092); duration of surgery was increased but not quite significantly (p = 0.12). Freedom from cardiac and cerebrovascular deaths, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events were higher in PS-matched BITA patients, even though not quite significantly (p = 0.11 for both). Conclusion BITA grafting may be performed even in urgency. With respect to SITA grafting, hospital mortality and postoperative complications other than bleeding are not increased; late outcomes seem to be better.

  1. Silent ischemic lesion laterality in asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis relates to reduced cerebral vasoreactivity

    PubMed Central

    Isozaki, Makoto; Kataoka, Hiroharu; Fukushima, Kazuhito; Ishibashi-Ueda, Hatsue; Yamada, Naoaki; Iida, Hidehiro; Iihara, Koji

    2017-01-01

    Background: We investigated the relationship between silent ischemic lesions, defined as hyperintense lesions on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging scans of brain white matter and cerebral hemodynamics (baseline cerebral blood flow and cerebral vasoreactivity). Methods: Between January 2007 and December 2012, 61 patients with asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis were evaluated for asymptomatic silent ischemic lesions, acute infarction, and cerebral hemodynamics. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on silent ischemic lesion distribution; the Symmetry group (n = 34) included patients who showed symmetrical distribution of lesions (or had no lesions), and the Asymmetry group (n = 27) included patients with a greater number of lesions in the ipsilateral than that in the contralateral hemisphere. The Asymmetry group was further divided into Internal (n = 15) and External (n = 12) types. Results: Two External-type patients (17%) showed spotty asymptomatic acute infarction in the ipsilateral hemisphere. There were no significant differences in patient characteristics, histopathological findings, vascular risk factors, or cerebral blood flow values between the groups. The mean cerebral vasoreactivity value in the ipsilateral hemisphere for the Internal type was 13.0 ± 15.2% (range: −11.4% to 41.6%), which was significantly lower than values of the contralateral hemisphere (36.7 ± 20.8%; range: 3.9% to 75.7%; P <.01) and ipsilateral hemispheres of the other groups (P <.01). Conclusions: The finding that increased ipsilateral asymmetrical silent ischemic lesions correlated with cerebral vasoreactivity reduction may help predict the risk of cerebral infarction in patients with asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis. PMID:28217385

  2. Temporal Stability of Dysmorphic, Fusiform Aneurysms of the Intra-cranial Internal Carotid Artery

    PubMed Central

    Boussel, Loic; Rayz, Vitaliy; Martin, Alastair; Lawton, Michael; Higashida, Randall; Smith, Wade S.; Young, William L.; Saloner, David

    2011-01-01

    Purpose Estimation of the stability of dysmorphic fusiform aneurysms of the intra-cranial internal carotid artery requires precise monitoring of their volumes. In this report we apply a method using MRI and 3D post-processing to study the evolution of these aneurysms on a prospective cohort of patients not immediately suitable for surgery or endovascular treatment. Materials and Methods Ten patients with fusiform aneurysms of the intra-cranial internal carotid artery underwent serial MRI studies. Five patients were studied at two time points and the remainder at multiple time points (mean delay between studies: 12.6 +/− 3.8 months). For each patient, studies from all time points were co-registered. Volumes of each vessel component were calculated. Results Mean aneurysm volume was 833 +/− 878 mm3. Mean annual rate of volume progression was 1.37 +/− 2.09 % per year. All the aneurysms were thrombus-free. Conclusion This study indicates that, given the relatively low rate of progression of these dysplastic fusiform aneurysms and the complexity of their shape, 3D quantitative volumetric methods can be helpful in monitoring whether any growth has occurred. PMID:21419648

  3. Contractility studies on isolated bovine choroidal small arteries: determination of the active and passive wall tension-internal circumference relation.

    PubMed

    Delaey, C; Boussery, K; Van de Voorde, J

    2002-09-01

    Studies on isolated choroidal arteries could help to understand the regulatory mechanisms in the choroidal circulation. The aim of the present study was therefore to assess whether contractility studies on isolated choroidal arteries were feasible and to determine the active and passive wall tension-internal circumference relation of these arteries. This relation is essential for reliable further pharmacodynamic studies on these vessels. Isolated choroidal arteries were mounted on a wire myograph for isometric tension recording. After the vessel was mounted, the L(100) (the circumference of the vessel at a transmural pressure of 100 mmHg) was determined. Then the passive and active wall tension-internal circumference relation of the choroidal vessels was obtained by stepwise increasing the internal circumference. The changes in the internal circumference were expressed as a percentage of L(100). After each increase in circumference, the passive tone (in a calcium free medium), the spontaneous tone (in a Krebs--Ringer bicarbonate solution) and the active tone (in a solution containing K(+) 120 mM and prostaglandin F(2 alpha) 30 microM) was measured. The passive tone of the vessel increased exponentially with the circumference of the vessel. Both the spontaneous tone and the active tone also increased when the vessel was stretched. They peaked when the internal circumference approached 90% of the L(100) and diminished again when the circumference was further increased. The peak value of the active tension curve averaged 2.24+/-0.47 Nm(-1) (n=10). The passive tension was 0.57+/-0.08 Nm(-1) (n=10) at this circumference. The peak value of the spontaneous tension curve averaged 0.37+/-0.08 Nm(-1) (n=10). It can be concluded that in vitro contractility studies on isolated choroidal arteries are feasible. The optimal length or preload of the choroidal arteries is attained when the internal circumference of the artery is set to 90% of the L(100).

  4. Flow-through anastomosis using a T-shaped vascular pedicle for gracilis functioning free muscle transplantation in brachial plexus injury

    PubMed Central

    Hou, Yi; Yang, Jiantao; Yang, Yi; Qin, Bengang; Fu, Guo; Li, Xiangming; Gu, Liqiang; Liu, Xiaolin; Zhu, Qingtang; Qi, Jian

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: In gracilis functioning free muscle transplantation, the limited caliber of the dominant vascular pedicle increases the complexity of the anastomosis and the risk of vascular compromise. The purpose of this study was to characterize the results of using a T-shaped vascular pedicle for flow-through anastomosis in gracilis functioning free muscle transplantation for brachial plexus injury. METHODS: The outcomes of patients with brachial plexus injury who received gracilis functioning free muscle transplantation with either conventional end-to-end anastomosis or flow-through anastomosis from 2005 to 2013 were retrospectively compared. In the flow-through group, the pedicle comprised a segment of the profunda femoris and the nutrient artery of the gracilis. The recipient artery was interposed by the T-shaped pedicle. RESULTS: A total of 46 patients received flow-through anastomosis, and 25 patients received conventional end-to-end anastomosis. The surgical time was similar between the groups. The diameter of the arterial anastomosis in the flow-through group was significantly larger than that in the end-to-end group (3.87 mm vs. 2.06 mm, respectively, p<0.001), and there were significantly fewer cases of vascular compromise in the flow-through group (2 [4.35%] vs. 6 [24%], respectively, p=0.019). All flaps in the flow-through group survived, whereas 2 in the end-to-end group failed. Minimal donor-site morbidity was noted in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Flow-through anastomosis in gracilis functioning free muscle transplantation for brachial plexus injury can decrease the complexity of anastomosis, reduce the risk of flap loss, and allow for more variation in muscle placement. PMID:26247666

  5. Immediate surgery for acute internal carotid artery dissection and thrombosis during filter deployment prior to stenting: a case report.

    PubMed

    Tolva, V; Bertoni, G B; Bianchi, P G; Keller, G C; Casana, R

    2013-08-01

    Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a validated option in the treatment of selected extracranial carotid artery stenosis. Carotid artery dissection during CAS is a rare but potentially devastating complication. We report a case of acute dissection and thrombosis of the left internal carotid artery during filter tip wire engaging maneuvers, complicated by intraoperative complete blindness of the left eye. Immediate conversion to carotid endarterectomy was performed under general anesthesia with electroencephalographic monitoring. The patient was discharged home symptomless and remains asymptomatic eight months after the operation, with normal left internal carotid patency and fully recovered eyesight. In conclusion, the management of acute carotid occlusion during CAS requires emergent evaluation and definitive endovascular or open surgical repair to minimize neurologic morbidity. We advocate that all endovascular procedures are carried out in a well-established surgical environment.

  6. Computational fluid dynamic evaluation of the side-to-side anastomosis for arteriovenous fistula.

    PubMed

    Hull, Jeffrey E; Balakin, Boris V; Kellerman, Brad M; Wrolstad, David K

    2013-07-01

    The goal of this research was to compare side-to-side (STS) and end-to-side (ETS) anastomoses in a computer model of the arteriovenous fistula with computational fluid dynamic analysis. A matrix of 17 computer arteriovenous fistula models (SolidWorks, Dassault Systèmes, France) of artery-vein pairs (3-mm-diameter artery + 3-mm-diameter vein and 4-mm-diameter artery +6-mm-diameter vein elliptical anastomoses) in STS, 45° ETS, and 90° ETS configurations with cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of 3.5 to 18.8 mm(2) were evaluated with computational fluid dynamic software (STAR-CCM+; CD-adapco, Melville, NY) in simulations at defined flow rates from 600 to 1200 mL/min and mean arterial pressures of 50 to 140 mm Hg. Models and configurations were evaluated for pressure drop across the anastomosis, arterial inflow, venous outflow, arterial outflow, velocity vector, and wall shear stress (WSS) profile. Pressure drop across the anastomosis was inversely proportional to anastomotic CSA and to venous outflow and was proportional to arterial inflow. Pressure drop was greater in 3 + 3 models than in 4 + 6 STS models; 90° ETS configurations had the lowest pressure drops and were nearly identical, whereas 45° ETS configurations had the highest pressure drops. Venous outflow in the 4 + 6 model in STS configurations, evaluated at 100 mm Hg arterial inflow pressure, was 390, 592, 610, and 886 mL/min in anastomotic CSAs of 3.5, 5.3, 7.1, and 18.8 mm(2), respectively, and was similar in 90° ETS (609 and 908 mL/min) and lower in 45° ETS (534 and 562 mL/min) configurations at CSAs of 5.3 and 18.8 mm(2). The mean increase in venous outflow was 69 mL/min (range, -59 to 134) between 3 + 3 and 4 + 6 models at 100 mm Hg arterial inflow. The most uniform WSS profile occurs in STS anastomoses followed by 45° ETS and then 90° ETS anastomoses. The STS and 90° ETS anastomoses have high venous outflow and a tendency toward reversed arterial outflow. The 45° ETS anastomosis has reduced venous

  7. Gastric Perforation Following Prophylactic Embolization of Right Gastric and Gastroduodenal Arteries Prior to Selective Internal Radiation Therapy.

    PubMed

    Shukla, Pratik A; Ahuja, Jitesh; Kurli, Vineel; Patel, Rajesh I; Kozuch, Peter S

    2015-12-01

    Prophylactic gastroduodenal artery (GDA) and right gastric artery (RGA) embolization for prevention of gastric ulceration in patients with hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer undergoing Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT) are relatively safe. Herein, we present a case of gastric perforation following prophylactic embolization of the GDA and RGA for SIRT in a 43-year-old male with sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma and multiple hepatic metastases.

  8. Retrograde approach to an ostial left anterior descending chronic total occlusion through a left internal mammary artery graft.

    PubMed

    Hari, Pawan; Kirtane, Ajay J; Bangalore, Sripal

    2016-05-01

    Retrograde approach to chronic total occlusions (CTO) has been described via saphenous vein grafts, septal and epicardial collaterals. We report for the first time a successful retrograde approach to an ostial left anterior descending (LAD) artery CTO through a failed left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to LAD anastamosis. This case demonstrates the technical aspects of using a LIMA conduit as a retrograde approach to CTO. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Covered stents for exclusion of iatrogenic common carotid artery–internal jugular vein fistula and brachiocephalic artery pseudoaneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Kooraki, Soheil; Grohmann, Jochen; Elshikh, Samer; Urbach, Horst; Meckel, Stephan

    2015-01-01

    Covered stents have rarely been used in neuroendovascular procedures. We report the case of a 74-year-old woman with a complex iatrogenic vascular injury from attempted insertion of a hemodialysis catheter: concurrent brachiocephalic artery pseudoaneurysm and common carotid artery to internal jugular vein fistula. Both lesions were excluded successfully by using two balloon-expandable covered stents with a satisfactory short-term clinical and angiographic outcome. PMID:26106173

  10. [Interesting radiological and pathological findings of the internal carotid artery observed in a case of cavernous sinusitis (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Moriyama, T; Fujita, Y; Ono, H; Mori, K

    1977-06-01

    A 47-year-old man was admitted to the neurosurgical department of Nagasaki University Hospital with complaints of high fever, deteriorated conciousness and nonpulsating exophthalmus on the left side. The first carotid angiography which had been done 2 days prior to admission, showed only an irregular narrowing in the cavernous portion of the left carotid artery. The right carotid angiogram did not show any recognizable abnormality. The second angiography which was performed 4 days after the admission, revealed an cylindrical aneurysmal opacification about 0.8 cm in diameter in the left intracavernous portion. The right angiography could not be done at that time. On the 47th hospital day, the third angiogram was performed. There noted again, the aneurysmal opacification in the left carotid artery and furthermore, the right carotid artery was occluded completely at its entrance into the cavernous sinus. On post-mortem examination, the cavernous sinus was filled with coagulated blood which drived from the ruptured left internal carotid artery. Microscopic examination revealed marked invasion of leucocytes to the wall of the internal carotid artery at the cavernous portion in both sides. These findings suggested that a mycotic aneurysm which resulted from the cavernous sinusitis ruptured into the left cavernous sinus and spelled blood compressed the opposite (right) carotid artery within the carvernous sinus which resulted in occlusion of the artery.

  11. Variability in the Branching Pattern of the Internal Iliac Artery in Indian Population and Its Clinical Importance

    PubMed Central

    Sivanandan, Anandarani; Sendiladibban, Sakthivelavan; Felicia Jebakani, Christilda

    2014-01-01

    Internal iliac artery (IIA) is one of the terminal branches of the common iliac artery and is the prime artery of pelvis. The artery has many parietal and visceral branches and hence the variations are frequently noted. The larger branches, namely, the inferior gluteal artery, the superior gluteal artery, and the internal pudendal artery, show sufficient regularity in their patterns of origin to allow typing. The variability of the IIA and its branching pattern were studied by dissecting sixty-eight male pelvic halves (34 right and 34 left) and forty-eight female pelvic halves (24 right and 24 left sides). In significant number of specimens, IIA terminated without dividing into 2 trunks as against the usual description. There was also considerable interchange of branches between the 2 terminal divisions. The patterns of branching noted were grouped as per Adachi's classification. The incidence was noted to be as follows: type Ia in 60.6%, type Ib in 2.6%, type IIa in 15.8%, and type III in 21%. The other types were not observed in this study. Conclusion. Interventions in the pelvic region must take into account the variability of the IIA and its branches that can modify the expected relations and may lead to undesired hemorrhagic or embolic accidents. PMID:25580296

  12. Variability in the branching pattern of the internal iliac artery in Indian population and its clinical importance.

    PubMed

    Sakthivelavan, Sumathilatha; Aristotle, Sharmila; Sivanandan, Anandarani; Sendiladibban, Sakthivelavan; Felicia Jebakani, Christilda

    2014-01-01

    Internal iliac artery (IIA) is one of the terminal branches of the common iliac artery and is the prime artery of pelvis. The artery has many parietal and visceral branches and hence the variations are frequently noted. The larger branches, namely, the inferior gluteal artery, the superior gluteal artery, and the internal pudendal artery, show sufficient regularity in their patterns of origin to allow typing. The variability of the IIA and its branching pattern were studied by dissecting sixty-eight male pelvic halves (34 right and 34 left) and forty-eight female pelvic halves (24 right and 24 left sides). In significant number of specimens, IIA terminated without dividing into 2 trunks as against the usual description. There was also considerable interchange of branches between the 2 terminal divisions. The patterns of branching noted were grouped as per Adachi's classification. The incidence was noted to be as follows: type Ia in 60.6%, type Ib in 2.6%, type IIa in 15.8%, and type III in 21%. The other types were not observed in this study. Conclusion. Interventions in the pelvic region must take into account the variability of the IIA and its branches that can modify the expected relations and may lead to undesired hemorrhagic or embolic accidents.

  13. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in a patient with internal carotid artery stenosis following gamma knife radiosurgery for recurrent pituitary adenoma

    PubMed Central

    Ito, Hidemichi; Onodera, Hidetaka; Sase, Taigen; Uchida, Masashi; Morishima, Hiroyuki; Oshio, Kotaro; Shuto, Takashi; Tanaka, Yuichiro

    2015-01-01

    Background: Intracranial vascular complications following radiosurgery are extremely rare. Case Description: We report a case of stenosis in the internal carotid artery 5 years after gamma knife radiosurgery for a recurrent pituitary adenoma. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was performed successfully with anatomical and functional improvement. Conclusion: These results suggested the importance of monitoring for arterial stenosis in the long-term follow-up. Moreover, this is the first case of endovascular treatment as an effective therapy for intracranial arterial stenosis due to radiotherapy. PMID:26069850

  14. Internal mammary artery dilatation in a patient with aortic coarctation, aortic stenosis, and coronary disease. Case report.

    PubMed

    Alvarez, Jose Rubio; Lopez, Laura Reija; Quiroga, Juan Sierra; Martinez Comendador, Jose M; Martinez-de-Alegria, Anxo; Martinez Cereijo, Jose M; Dominguez, Cristian Delgado

    2011-04-17

    The ideal surgical approach is unclear in adult patients with coarctation of the aorta that is associated with other cardiovascular pathologies that require intervention. Standard median sternotomy allows simultaneous, coronary revascularization surgery, valve replacement and repair of aortic coarctation. However the collateral circulation and the anatomy of the mammary arteries must be determined, to avoid possible complications. We report a case of a 69 year-old man with aortic coarctation, aortic stenosis, coronary artery disease and internal mammary artery dilatation who underwent concomitant surgical procedures through a median sternotomy.

  15. Surgical Exposure to Control the Distal Internal Carotid Artery at the Base of the Skull during Carotid Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Davis, Laura; Zeitouni, Anthony; Makhoul, Nicholas; Steinmetz, Oren K

    2016-07-01

    Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms are rare. Treatment options for these lesions include endovascular interventions, such as coiling and stenting, or surgical reconstruction, such as resection and primary reanastomosis, or interposition bypass grafting. In this report, we describe the surgical technique used to perform surgical repair of an internal carotid artery aneurysm extending up to the base of the skull. Anterior exposure of the infratemporal fossa and distal control of the carotid artery at the level of the carotid canal was achieved through a transcervical approach, performing double mandibular osteotomies with superior reflection of the middle mandibular section. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Perigraft Plug Embolization of the Internal Iliac Artery and Implantation of a Bifurcated Stentgraft: One Treatment Option for Insufficient Tubular Stentgraft Repair of a Common Iliac Artery Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Goltz, Jan Peter; Loesaus, Julia; Frydrychowicz, Alex; Barkhausen, Jörg; Wiedner, Marcus

    2016-02-01

    We report an endovascular technique for the treatment of type Ia endoleak after a plain tubular stentgraft had been implanted for a large common iliac artery aneurysm with an insufficient proximal landing zone and without occlusion of the hypogastric in another hospital. CT follow-up showed an endoleak with continuous sac expansion over 12 months. This was classified as type Ia by means of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. Before a bifurcated stentgraft was implanted to relocate the landing zone more proximally, the still perfused ipsilateral hypogastric artery was embolized to prevent a type II endoleak. A guidewire was manipulated alongside the indwelling stentgraft. The internal iliac artery could then be selectively intubated followed by successful plug embolization of the vessel's orifice despite the stentgraft being in place.

  17. Perigraft Plug Embolization of the Internal Iliac Artery and Implantation of a Bifurcated Stentgraft: One Treatment Option for Insufficient Tubular Stentgraft Repair of a Common Iliac Artery Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Goltz, Jan Peter Loesaus, Julia; Frydrychowicz, Alex; Barkhausen, Jörg; Wiedner, Marcus

    2016-02-15

    We report an endovascular technique for the treatment of type Ia endoleak after a plain tubular stentgraft had been implanted for a large common iliac artery aneurysm with an insufficient proximal landing zone and without occlusion of the hypogastric in another hospital. CT follow-up showed an endoleak with continuous sac expansion over 12 months. This was classified as type Ia by means of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. Before a bifurcated stentgraft was implanted to relocate the landing zone more proximally, the still perfused ipsilateral hypogastric artery was embolized to prevent a type II endoleak. A guidewire was manipulated alongside the indwelling stentgraft. The internal iliac artery could then be selectively intubated followed by successful plug embolization of the vessel’s orifice despite the stentgraft being in place.

  18. Retriever wire supported carotid artery revascularization (ReWiSed CARe) in acute ischemic stroke with underlying tandem occlusion caused by an internal carotid artery dissection: Technical note.

    PubMed

    Behme, Daniel; Knauth, Michael; Psychogios, Marios-Nikos

    2017-01-01

    We hereby report a novel technical approach for the treatment of acute stroke with underlying tandem occlusion. The so-called retriever wire supported carotid artery revascularization (ReWiSed CARe) technique, utilizing the wire of a stent-retriever as a guiding wire for carotid artery stenting, is technically feasible in tandem occlusions caused by an internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection or high grade ICA stenosis. This technique eliminates the need to use a long microwire in order to maintain the position inside the true lumen of a dissection. Additionally, it leads to anterograde perfusion through the released stent-retriever during the time of ICA stenting, which is favorable in all tandem occlusion cases.

  19. Single versus bilateral internal mammary artery grafts: 10-year outcome analysis.

    PubMed

    Pick, A W; Orszulak, T A; Anderson, B J; Schaff, H V

    1997-09-01

    The superior long-term patency of the internal mammary artery (IMA) confers important short-term and late survival advantages when grafted to the left anterior descending coronary artery. However, it remains uncertain whether patients derive additional survival benefit when both IMAs are used in coronary revascularization. Between June 1983 and May 1986, 160 patients (mean age 60 years) received bilateral IMA grafts for coronary artery bypass procedures, and in 93% of patients, the right IMA was used to bypass the left coronary system. During a similar interval, a group of 161 patients matched for symptomatic status and extent of disease (mean age, 62 years) received a single left IMA and saphenous vein grafts. The two groups were similar with respect to gender, preoperative angina class, priority status, extent of coronary artery disease, left ventricular function, and number of distal anastomoses. Diabetes was more prevalent in the patient group receiving a single IMA graft (27% versus 17.5%; p = 0.05). Early outcome was similar in the two groups; operative mortality was 0.6% for the patient group receiving single IMA grafts and 0% for those with bilateral IMA grafts. The mean follow-up of 320 hospital survivors was 10 years. Univariate analysis revealed significantly fewer overall deaths in the patients receiving bilateral IMA grafts (n = 30; p = 0.05), and less late cardiac mortality (n = 12; p = 0.016). Ten-year actuarial survival for patients dismissed from the hospital was 76% for those receiving single IMA graft versus 85% for those receiving bilateral IMA grafts. Multivariate analysis revealed diabetes (risk ratio = 1.73), advancing age (risk ratio = 1.08), and lower ejection fraction (risk ratio = 1.01) to be the only significant predictors of late cardiac death. Use of a single IMA graft was not significant (p = 0.138) despite a risk ratio of 1.78. Use of only a single IMA graft correlated with an increased risk of angina recurrence (p < 0.001), late

  20. The Benefits of Internal Thoracic Artery Catheterization in Patients With Chronic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Ilic, Nikola Davidovic, Lazar; Koncar, Igor; Dragas, Marko; Markovic, Miroslav; Colic, Momcilo; Cinara, Ilijas

    2011-04-15

    Occlusion of the abdominal aorta may be caused by an embolic lesion, but more commonly by thrombotic disease at the aortoiliac area, progressing retrograde. However, the visualization of the distal run-off via internal thoracic-epigastric inferior artery collateral channel may be a very important diagnostic tool, especially in countries with poor technical equipment. This study was designed to show the benefit of the selective internal thoracic angiography in cases with complete aortic occlusion. We present 30 patients with chronic aortic abdominal occlusion who were submitted to the transaxillary aortography and selective ITA angiography with purpose of distal run off evaluation. Angiographic evaluation was performed by two independent radiologists according to previously defined classification. Good angiographic score via internal thoracic angiography by first observer was achieved in 19 (63.3%) patients and in 18 (60%) by a second observer. Transaxillary aortography showed inferior results: good angiographic score by the first observer in six (20%) patients and by the second observer in three (3%) patients. Low extremity run-off is better visualized during internal thoracic angiography than during transaxillary aortography.

  1. Safety of early endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis: an international multicenter study.

    PubMed

    Tsivgoulis, G; Krogias, C; Georgiadis, G S; Mikulik, R; Safouris, A; Meves, S H; Voumvourakis, K; Haršány, M; Staffa, R; Papageorgiou, S G; Katsanos, A H; Lazaris, A; Mumme, A; Lazarides, M; Vasdekis, S N

    2014-10-01

    Although the latest recommendations suggest that carotid endarterectomy (CEA) should be performed in symptomatic carotid artery stenosis (sCAS) patients within 2 weeks of the index event, only a minority of patients undergo surgery within the recommended time-frame. The aim of this international multicenter study was to prospectively evaluate the safety of early CEA in patients with sCAS in everyday clinical practice settings. Consecutive patients with non-disabling acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) due to sCAS (≥ 70%) underwent early (≤ 14 days) CEA at five tertiary-care stroke centers during a 2-year period. Primary outcome events included stroke, myocardial infarction (MI) or death occurring during the 30-day follow-up period and were defined according to the International Carotid Stenting Study criteria. A total of 165 patients with sCAS [mean age 69 ± 10 years; 69% men; 70% AIS; 6% crescendo TIA; 8% with contralateral internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion] underwent early CEA (median elapsed time from symptom onset 8 days). Urgent CEA (≤ 2 days) was performed in 20 cases (12%). The primary outcomes of stroke and MI were 4.8% [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5%-8.1%] and 0.6% (95% CI 0%-1.8%). The combined outcome event of non-fatal stroke, non-fatal MI or death was 5.5% (95% CI 2.0%-9.0%). Crescendo TIA, contralateral ICA occlusion and urgent CEA were not associated (P > 0.2) with a higher 30-day stroke rate. Our findings indicate that the risk of early CEA in consecutive unselected patients with non-disabling AIS or TIA due to sCAS is acceptable when the procedure is performed within 2 weeks (or even within 2 days) from symptom onset. © 2014 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology © 2014 EAN.

  2. Long-term outcome of crossover femoro-femoro-popliteal bypass using side-to-side anastomosis in ilio-femoral occlusive disease

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Yoon-Sub; Park, Kihyuk

    2014-01-01

    Purpose During crossover femoro-femoro-popliteal sequential bypass (CFFPB) surgery in ilio-femoral occlusive disease, proximal anastomosis of the femoro-popliteal bypass is usually performed distal to the distal anastomosis of the crossover femoro-femoral bypass. If not, it is done with a piggyback configuration. Another method is a side-to-side anastomosis. Its benefit is that this is the only anastomosis made. And it is less bulky compared with the piggyback configuration. This study was aimed to investigate the long-term outcome of CFFPB using side-to-side anastomosis. Methods From Sep 2006 to Aug 2012, 21 patients who underwent CFFPB using side-to-side anastomosis were enrolled. Externally supported polytetrafluoroethylene graft was used as a conduit in all patients. Patient demographic data and procedure details were investigated. Primary graft patency was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results The mean age of patients was 79 years (range, 62-81 years) and males were 17 (81%). Fifteen patients (71%) had critical limb ischemia. Inflow arteries comprised of 16 common femoral artery (CFA), 4 superficial femoral artery (SFA), and 1 deep femoral artery (DFA). Side-to-side anastomosis was performed on the CFA in 11, SFA in 2, and DFA in 8 patients. During the mean follow-up period of 21 months (1-60 months), 8 patients died. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year primary patency rates were 76%, 63%, and 63%. Conclusion Long-term patency of CFFPB using side-to-side anastomosis was acceptable. It can be one of the treatment options for patients with ilio-femoral occlusive disease. PMID:24761414

  3. [A case of DiGeorge syndrome with left internal carotid artery absence probably causing one-and-a-half syndrome].

    PubMed

    Maruyama, Shigeru; Suda, Masashi; Kobayashi, Takehiro

    2012-09-01

    We experienced a case of DiGeorge syndrome with left internal carotid artery absence probably causing one-and-a-half syndrome. MR angiogram demonstrated the apparent absence of the left internal carotid artery and consequently abnormal blood supply to the left middle cerebral artery, which was derived from the basilar artery via the left posterior communicating artery. The patient alsoshowed both an extremely narrow carotid canal on the left side and a very fine vessel extending to the terminal of the left internal carotid artery. Therefore, we regarded this abnormality as severe hypoplasia of left internal carotid artery and supposed that this hypoplasia had originated in maldevelopment of the third aortic arch based on the coexisting lower bifurcation of the right common carotid artery. Since the lesion of one-and-a-half syndrome is restricted to the pontine tegmentum, we speculated that it had resulted from ischemia of the basilar artery area during the embryonic period associated with the absence of the internal carotid artery. To our knowledge, DiGeorge syndrome has never been reported as a complication of internal carotid artery absence. The patient did not demonstrate either chromosome 22q11.2 deletion or TBX1 gene mutation, which is considered the gene responsible for 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Therefore, the etiology of DiGeorge syndrome in this case remains unclear.

  4. A rare presentation of spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection with Horner's syndrome, VIIth, Xth and XIIth nerve palsies.

    PubMed

    Majeed, Azer; Ribeiro, Nuno Pedro Lobato; Ali, Asem; Hijazi, Mohsen; Farook, Hina

    2016-10-01

    Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection (sICAD) is an uncommon cause of isolated cranial nerve palsies. Commonly patients present with stroke, headache, facial pain and Horner's syndrome, with upto 16% having cranial nerve palsies. We present the case of a 55-year-old man who presented with hoarseness, dysphagia and tongue swelling, mimicking a tongue base tumor. He was found to have unilateral VIIth, Xth and XIIth nerve palsies with Horner's syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging showed high signal changes and loss of signal void in right internal carotid artery, later confirmed by Angiography as a dissection with pseudo-aneurysm. He was started on anticoagulation and made a good recovery on discharge. This case presents a unique combination of cranial nerve palsies due to internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) and to our knowledge is the first reported case in the literature. Early recognition and institution of appropriate therapy is critical to prevention of ischemic stroke.

  5. A rare presentation of spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection with Horner's syndrome, VIIth, Xth and XIIth nerve palsies

    PubMed Central

    Majeed, Azer; Ribeiro, Nuno Pedro Lobato; Ali, Asem; Hijazi, Mohsen; Farook, Hina

    2016-01-01

    Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection (sICAD) is an uncommon cause of isolated cranial nerve palsies. Commonly patients present with stroke, headache, facial pain and Horner's syndrome, with upto 16% having cranial nerve palsies. We present the case of a 55-year-old man who presented with hoarseness, dysphagia and tongue swelling, mimicking a tongue base tumor. He was found to have unilateral VIIth, Xth and XIIth nerve palsies with Horner's syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging showed high signal changes and loss of signal void in right internal carotid artery, later confirmed by Angiography as a dissection with pseudo-aneurysm. He was started on anticoagulation and made a good recovery on discharge. This case presents a unique combination of cranial nerve palsies due to internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) and to our knowledge is the first reported case in the literature. Early recognition and institution of appropriate therapy is critical to prevention of ischemic stroke. PMID:27699055

  6. The learning rate in three dimensional high definition video assisted microvascular anastomosis in a rat model.

    PubMed

    Kotsougiani, Dimitra; Hundepool, Caroline A; Bulstra, Liselotte F; Shin, Delaney M; Shin, Alexander Y; Bishop, Allen T

    2016-11-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) high definition (HD) video systems are changing microsurgical practice by providing stereoscopic imaging not only for the surgeon and first assistant using the binocular microscope, but also for others involved in the surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential to replace the binocular microscope for microarterial anastomoses and assess the rate of learning based on surgeons' experience. Two experienced and two novice microsurgeons performed a total of 88 rat femoral arterial anastomoses: 44 using a 3D HD video device ('Trenion', Carl Zeiss Meditech) and 44, a binocular microscope. We evaluated anastomosis time and modified OSATS scores as well as the subjects' preference for comfort, image adequacy and technical ease. Experienced microsurgeons showed a steep learning curve for anastomosis times with equivalent OSATS scores for both systems. However, prolonged anastomosis times were required when using the novel 3D-HD system rather than direct binocular vision. Comparable learning rates for anastomosis time were demonstrated for novice microsurgeons and modified OSATS scores did not differ between the different viewing technologies. All microsurgeons reported improved comfort for the 3D HD video system but found the image quality of the conventional microscope superior, facilitating technical ease. The present study demonstrates the potential of 3D HD video systems to replace current binocular microscopes, offering qualitatively-equivalent microvascular anastomosis with improved comfort for experienced microsurgeons. However, image quality was rated inferior with the 3D HD system resulting in prolonged anastomosis times. Microsurgical skill acquisition in novice microsurgeons was not influenced by the viewing system used.

  7. Coronary-to-Bronchial Artery Communication: Report of Two Patients Successfully Treated by Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Jarry, Genevieve; Bruaire, Jean-Pierre; Commeau, Philippe; Hermida, Jean-Sylvain; Leborgne, Laurent; Auquier, Marie-Anne; Delonca, Jean; Quiret, Jean-Claude; Remond, Alexandre

    1999-05-15

    We report two cases of coronary-to-bronchial artery communication responsible for coronary steal. In both cases the anastomosis originated from the proximal circumflex artery and developed because of bronchiectasis. In both cases closure of the anastomosis was achieved successfully by embolization. To date, the patients remained free from symptoms.

  8. Potential for iatrogenic coil embolization of the caudal cerebellar artery during treatment of internal carotid artery bifurcation in two horses with guttural pouch mycosis.

    PubMed

    Bonilla, Alvaro G; Scansen, Brian A; Hurcombe, Samuel D; Mudge, Margaret C

    2015-12-15

    2 horses were examined for chronic nasal discharge secondary to unilateral guttural pouch mycosis. Initial endoscopic examination of both horses confirmed the presence of a fungal plaque on the dorsomedial aspect of the medial compartment of the guttural pouch (auditory tube diverticulum) involving the internal carotid artery (ICA). No signs of hemorrhage or neurologic deficits were present at admission. Transarterial stainless steel coil embolization of the affected ICA was performed under general anesthesia, with fluoroscopic guidance. During treatment, an aberrant branch of the ICA, or a proposed bifid ICA, that anastomosed with the caudal cerebellar artery was identified. Occlusion of the distal (noncardiac) side of the aberrant branch was performed in both horses because of potential mycotic involvement at that level. Following treatment, resolution of the mycotic infection was observed in both horses; however, 1 horse developed neurologic signs compatible with unilateral caudal cerebellar artery ischemia on recovery from anesthesia; these signs resolved over the following 2 months. Findings highlighted variability of the anatomy of the ICA in 2 horses that was identified during treatment for guttural pouch mycosis and identified caudal cerebellar artery infarction as a potential complication of treatment. Because of the size and pathway of both arterial branches, we suggest that the term bifurcation of the ICA is more appropriate than aberrant branching, as has been previously described in the literature. The information in this report may be of value to clinicians performing procedures involving the vasculature of the head and neck in horses.

  9. Endothelial Cell Dynamics during Anastomosis in vitro

    PubMed Central

    Diaz-Santana, Anthony; Shan, Mengrou; Stroock, Abraham D.

    2015-01-01

    Vascular anastomosis –the fusion of vessels from two distinct branches of the vascular system – represents a critical step in vascular growth under both healthy and pathological conditions, in vivo, and presents an important target for engineering of vascularized tissues, in vitro. Recent works in animal models have advanced our understanding of the molecular and cellular players in vascular anastomosis, but questions remain related to cellular dynamics and control of this process, in vitro. In this study, we exploited a three-dimensional (3-D) culture platform to examine the dynamics of endothelial cell (EC) during and after vascular anastomosis by allowing angiogenesis and vasculogenesis to proceed in parallel. We show that anastomosis occurs between sprouts formed by angiogenesis from an endothelium and tubes formed by vasculogenesis in the bulk of a 3-D matrix. This fusion leads to highly connected vessels that span from the surface of the matrix into the bulk in a manner that depends on cell density and identity. Further, we observe and analyze intermixing of endothelial cells of distinct origin (surface versus bulk) within the vessels structures that are formed; we provide evidence that the cells migrate along pre-existing vessels segments as part of this intermixing process. We conclude that anastomosis can occur between vessels emerging by angiogenesis and vasculogenesis and that this process may play an important role in contexts such as wound healing. PMID:25790315

  10. Internal right ventricular band for multiple ventricular septal defects in a neonate undergoing arterial switch and aortic arch repair.

    PubMed

    Carroll, William W; Shirali, Girish S; Bradley, Scott M

    2011-01-01

    A neonate presented with d-transposition of the great arteries, aortic arch hypoplasia, aortic coarctation, and multiple ventricular septal defects. During the arterial switch procedure and the aortic arch repair, a fenestrated Gore-Tex disk (W.L. Gore & Assoc, Flagstaff, AZ) was sewn into the right ventricular outflow tract to restrict pulmonary blood flow. The internal right ventricular band successfully controlled the pulmonary blood flow, maintaining a systemic oxygen saturation of 88% to 92%, and allowing growth from 3.5 to 10.5 kg. At 8 months of age, the internal band in the patient was removed, and the ventricular septal defects were successfully closed.

  11. CT-angiography source images indicate less fatal outcome despite coma of patients in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study.

    PubMed

    Pallesen, Lars P; Khomenko, Andrei; Dzialowski, Imanuel; Barlinn, Jessica; Barlinn, Kristian; Zerna, Charlotte; van der Hoeven, Erik Jrj; Algra, Ale; Kapelle, L Jaap; Michel, Patrik; Bodechtel, Ulf; Demchuk, Andrew M; Schonewille, Wouter; Puetz, Volker

    2017-02-01

    Background Coma is associated with poor outcome in patients with basilar artery occlusion. Aims We sought to assess whether the posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score and the Pons-Midbrain Index applied to CT angiography source images predict the outcome of comatose patients in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study. Methods Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study was a prospective, observational registry of patients with acute basilar artery occlusion with 48 recruiting centers worldwide. We applied posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score and Pons-Midbrain Index to CT angiography source images of Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study patients who presented with coma. We calculated adjusted risk ratios to assess the association of dichotomized posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score (≥8 vs. <8) and Pons-Midbrain Index (<3 vs. ≥3) with mortality and favourable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 0-3) at one month. Results Of 619 patients in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study registry, CT angiography source images were available for review in 158 patients. Among these, 78 patients (49%) presented with coma. Compared to non-comatose patients, comatose patients were more likely to die (risk ratios 2.34; CI 95% 1.56-3.52) and less likely to have a favourable outcome (risk ratios 0.44; CI 95% 0.24-0.80). Among comatose patients, a Pons-Midbrain Index < 3 was related to reduced mortality (adjusted RR 0.66; 95% CI 0.46-0.96), but not to favourable outcome (adjusted RR 1.19; 95% CI 0.39-3.62). Posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score dichotomized at ≥ 8 vs. <8 was not significantly associated with death (adjusted RR 0.70; 95% CI 0.46-1.05). Conclusion In comatose patients with basilar artery occlusion, the extent of brainstem ischemia appears to be related to mortality but not to favourable outcome.

  12. 5-HT1-like receptor-mediated contraction in the human internal mammary artery.

    PubMed

    Yildiz, O; Ciçek, S; Ay, I; Tatar, H; Tuncer, M

    1996-07-01

    We wished to characterize the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors mediating vasoconstriction in the human internal mammary artery (IMA). Segments of the IMA obtained from patients undergoing coronary by-pass surgery were suspended in an organ bath and exposed to 5-HT and sumatriptan (SUM), a 5-HT1-like receptor agonist, in the presence and absence of potassium chloride (KCl) and angiotensin II. 5-HT induced concentration-dependent contractions in all quiescent and pre-contracted preparations. SUM induced small contractions in 70% of quiescent IMA rings, whereas it elicited marked and concentration-dependent contractions in all of the preparations given a moderate tone by a threshold concentration of KCl and angiotensin II. The efficacy of SUM was higher in precontracted arteries. Concentration-effect curves (CEC) of 5-HT and SUM were not affected by the 5-HT3-receptor antagonist tropisetron (1 microM). The nonselective antagonist, methiothepin (30 nM), shifted the CEC of SUM to the right. 5-HT2A-receptor antagonist, ketanserin (1 microM) inhibited responses to 5-HT, whereas it affected only the responses to the smaller concentrations of SUM. When methiothepin (30 nM) was applied in the presence of ketanserin (1 microM), a further inhibition in the responses to 5-HT was observed. These results suggest that 5-HT1-like receptors mediate the contractile action of SUM and contribute to that of 5-HT in IMA.

  13. Ultrasound guided transarterial coil placement in the internal and external carotid artery in horses.

    PubMed

    Muñoz, Juan; Iglesias, Manuel; Chao, Eduardo Lloret; Bussy, Christian

    2015-04-01

    To assess ultrasound guided transarterial coil placement (UGTACP) for occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and external carotid artery (ECA) in horses. Cadaveric and in vivo study. Cadaveric horses (n = 10), healthy horses (3), and 1 clinical case. Cadaveric and in vivo (healthy horses): UGTACP was performed in the caudal part of the ICA and ECA. Coil placement in the rostral part of the ICA was performed blindly and controlled by conventional radiography. No coils were placed in the rostral part of the ECA. UGTACP of the ICA was in a horse with guttural pouch mycosis of the left guttural pouch. Accurate ultrasound-guided catheterization of the ICA and ECA was performed in all specimens. Ultrasound-guided coil placement was successfully performed in all cases except 1. No complications occurred in the in vivo study. The clinical case fully recovered and returned to its intended use. Based on our study, UGTACP of the ICA and ECA caudal part is a feasible alternative to fluoroscopy. An advantage of this technique is the accuracy with which you can catheterize both ICA and ECA and the ability to identify unusual branching at the origin of the ICA. Regarding the rostral part of the ICA, angiographic catheter guidance in this region is probably more precise using fluoroscopy as it is performed blindly. In a clinical situation, combination of US and fluoroscopy guidance can result in reduction of radiation exposure time. © Copyright 2014 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  14. [Post-radiotherapy stenosis of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery. Moyamoya network].

    PubMed

    Benoit, P; Destée, A; Verier, A; Giraldon, J M; Warot, P

    1985-01-01

    A 36 year-old caucasian woman was operated and then irradiated for a pituitary adenoma. Two years later, a left anterior temporal lobectomy for a grade I astrocytoma was performed. Four years later, she experienced right hemiparesis and aphasia. CT scan showed a left temporo-occipital low density area. A left carotid angiogram showed a narrowing of the left carotid artery beginning in the lower part of the siphon and progressing to a complete supraclinoid occlusion. There was a collateral circulation of the Moyamoya type. Radiation-induced narrowing or occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid artery is an infrequent finding. Most cases appear in young subjects, several years after a high dose of radiation therapy (30 to 60 grays). Some cases may show a network of the Moyamoya type. Usually, the absence of vascular abnormalities prior to radiation cannot be demonstrated. In our case, as in 3 other cases of the literature, the intracranial vessels were of normal appearance before irradiation. The vascular lesions can thus be considered as acquired and secondary to radiation therapy.

  15. Association between extra- and intracranial calcifications of the internal carotid artery: a CBCT imaging study

    PubMed Central

    Aartman, I H A; Tsiklakis, K; van der Stelt, P; Berkhout, W E R

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the association between the extracranial and intracranial calcification depiction of the internal carotid artery (ICA), incidentally found in CBCT examinations in adults, and to discuss the conspicuous clinical implications. Methods: Out of a series of 1085 CBCT examinations, 705 CBCT scans were selected according to pre-defined criteria. The extra- and intracranial calcifications depicted along the course of the ICA were documented according to a comprehensive set of descriptive criteria. Results: In total, 799 findings were detected, 60.1% (n = 480) were intracranially and 39.9% (n = 319) were extracranially allocated. The χ2 test showed associations between all variables (p < 0.001). Also, most of the combinations of variables showed statistically significant results in the McNemar's test (p < 0.001). Conclusions: We found that a significant correlation exists between extra- and intracranial calcifications of the ICA. It is clear that in cases of the presence of a calcification in the ICA extracranially, the artery's intracranial portion has an increased risk of showing the same findings. CBCT imaging is widely used as a diagnostic tool, thus, our results contribute to the identification of a subgroup of patients who should undergo further medical evaluation of the atherosclerosis of the ICAs. PMID:25690425

  16. Internal Carotid Artery Reconstruction Using Multiple Fenestrated Clips for Complete Occlusion of Large Paraclinoid Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sang Kook

    2013-01-01

    Objective Although surgical techniques for clipping paraclinoid aneurysms have evolved significantly in recent times, direct microsurgical clipping of large and giant paraclinoid aneurysms remains a formidable surgical challenge. We review here our surgical experiences in direct surgical clipping of large and giant paraclinoid aneurysms, especially in dealing with anterior clinoidectomy, distal dural ring resection, optic canal unroofing, clipping techniques, and surgical complications. Methods Between September 2001 and February 2012, we directly obliterated ten large and giant paraclinoid aneurysms. In all cases, tailored orbito-zygomatic craniotomies with extradural and/or intradural clinoidectomy were performed. The efficacy of surgical clipping was evaluated with postoperative digital subtraction angiography and computed tomographic angiography. Results Of the ten cases reported, five each were of ruptured and unruptured aneurysms. Five aneurysms occurred in the carotid cave, two in the superior hypophyseal artery, two in the intracavernous, and one in the posterior wall. The mean diameter of the aneurysms sac was 18.8 mm in the greatest dimension. All large and giant paraclinoid aneurysms were obliterated with direct neck clipping without bypass. With the exception of the one intracavenous aneurysm, all large and giant paraclinoid aneurysms were occluded completely. Conclusion The key features of successful surgical clipping of large and giant paraclinoid aneurysms include enhancing exposure of proximal neck of aneurysms, establishing proximal control, and completely obliterating aneurysms with minimal manipulation of the optic nerve. Our results suggest that internal carotid artery reconstruction using multiple fenestrated clips without bypass may potentially achieve complete occlusion of large paraclinoid aneurysms. PMID:24527189

  17. [Compression of the internal carotid artery due to elongated styloid process].

    PubMed

    Infante-Cossío, P; García-Perla, A; González-García, A; Gil-Peralta, A; Gutiérrez-Pérez, J L

    Elongation of the styloid process has been reported as a source of pain in the head and neck region. However, transient ischemic attack (TIA) due to mechanical compression of the internal carotid artery (ICA) by an elongated styloid process has never been mentioned in the literature. Male aged 36 years, with a ten-year history of dull intermittent pain in the left side of the neck that worsened on turning the head, suffered a TIA in the silvian territory, ten days after a minor neck trauma. The eco-Doppler exploration demonstrated a compression of the ICA after rotation of the head. The arteriography revealed an stenosis of the cervical ICA by an external compression. The length of the elongated process in the orthopantomogram and the computed tomography was 35 mm. Angiotomography showed a closed relationship between the tip of the left elongated process and the stenosis of the ICA. Surgical styloidectomy was performed via an extraoral approach under general anaesthesia. The excised specimen measured 30 mm long. All symptoms were relieved with no recurrence during a three-year follow up period. TIA should be taken into account in the clinical feature associated to an elongated styloid process. Angiotomography is very reliable to define the anatomic relationship between the styloid process and the ICA. The treatment of choice is surgical shortening trough an external approach which provides an adequate control of the carotid artery.

  18. Pressure Drop in Tortuosity/Kinking of the Internal Carotid Artery: Simulation and Clinical Investigation

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Lijun; Zhao, Feng; Wang, Daming; Hu, Shen; Liu, Jiachun; Zhou, Zhilun; Lu, Jun; Qi, Peng; Song, Shiying

    2016-01-01

    Background. Whether carotid tortuosity/kinking of the internal carotid artery leads to cerebral ischemia remains unclear. There is very little research about the hemodynamic variation induced by carotid tortuosity/kinking in the literature. The objective of this study was to research the blood pressure changes induced by carotid tortuosity/kinking. Methods. We first created a geometric model of carotid tortuosity/kinking. Based on hemodynamic boundary conditions, the hemodynamics of carotid tortuosity and kinking were studied via a finite element simulation. Then, an in vitro system was built to validate the numerical simulation results. The mean arterial pressure changes before and after carotid kinking were measured using pressure sensors in 12 patients with carotid kinking. Results. Numerical simulation revealed that the pressure drops increased with increases in the kinking angles. Clinical tests and in vitro experiments confirmed the numerical simulation results. Conclusions. Carotid kinking leads to blood pressure reduction. In certain conditions, kinking may affect the cerebral blood supply and be associated with cerebral ischemia. PMID:27195283

  19. Is Internal Iliac Artery Embolization Essential Prior to Endovascular Repair of Aortoiliac Aneurysms?

    SciTech Connect

    Bharwani, N. Raja, J.; Choke, E.; Belli, A. M.; Thompson, M. M.; Morgan, R. A.; Munneke, G.

    2008-05-15

    Patients who undergo endovascular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms (EVAR) require internal iliac artery (IIA) embolization (IIAE) to prevent type II endoleaks after extending the endografts into the external iliac artery. However, IIAE may not be possible in some patients due to technical factors or adverse anatomy. The aim of this study was to assess retrospectively whether patients with aorto-iliac aneurysms who fail IIAE have an increase in type II endoleak after EVAR compared with similar patients who undergo successful embolization. We retrospectively analyzed the records of 148 patients who underwent EVAR from December 1997 to June 2005. Sixty-one patients had aorto-iliac aneurysms which required IIAE before EVAR. Fifty patients had successful IIAE and 11 patients had unsuccessful IIAE prior to EVAR. The clinical and imaging follow-up was reviewed before and after EVAR. The endoleak rate of the embolized group was compared with that of the group in whom embolization failed. After a mean follow-up of 19.7 months in the study group and 25 months in the control group, there were no statistically significant differences in outcome measures between the two groups. Specifically, there were no type II endoleaks related to the IIA in patients where IIAE had failed. We conclude that failure to embolize the IIA prior to EVAR should not necessarily preclude patients from treatment. In patients where there is difficulty in achieving coil embolization, it is recommended that EVAR should proceed, as clinical sequelae are unlikely.

  20. [Colo-anal anastomosis. Our experience].

    PubMed

    Morlino, A; Tramutola, G; Rossi, M T; Scutari, F

    2009-03-01

    The aim of study is to report the results of our experience about ultra-low rectum carcinomas treated with anterior resection and colo-anal anastomosis. The surgery still represents the treatment of choice for the cancer of the rectum. The problems concern the conservation of the sphincter functions (anal and urethral), and sexual function and the reduction of the locoregional recurrences. From 2005 to 2007, 33 patients underwent surgery for low and ultralow rectal carcinoma (30 treated with neoadjuvant radio-chemotherapy, and 3 only with surgery). In 16 of these we have performed a colo-anal anastomosis, in 11 an ultralow colorectal anastomosis and in 7 a Miles resection. We report our updated results.

  1. Venous anastomosis in free flap reconstruction after radical neck dissection: is the external jugular vein a feasible option?

    PubMed

    Reiter, Maximilian; Baumeister, Philipp

    2017-01-13

    Free microvascular tissue transfer has become a reliable and wellestablished technique in reconstructive surgery. Success rates greater than 95% are constantly reported in the literature. End-to-end anastomosis to the external jugular vein (EJ) is supposed to be equally successful as anastomosis to the internal jugular vein (IJ) in patients treated with selective neck dissection. No data has been published so far when the IJ had to be resected during neck dissection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success rate and complications of end-to-end anastomosis to the EJ in cases of (modified) radical neck dissection with resected IJ. A retrospective mono-center cohort study was performed. All patients with end-to-end anastomosis to either the IJ or EJ-system were reviewed. 423 free-tissue transfers performed between 2009 and 2016 were included. The overall success rate was 97.0% with an anastomotic revision rate due to venous thrombosis of 12.3%. In patients when the IJ had to be resected and the venous anastomosis was performed at the ipsilateral side to the EJ (n = 53), overall flap loss was significantly higher (5/53; 9.4%). The revision rate in these cases was 22.6%. Success rate of anastomosis to the EJ when the ipsilateral IJ was still intact was 100% (n = 20). Success rate when the anastomosis was performed at the contralateral side was 100%. End-to-end anastomosis to the EJ in cases with resected IJ is more likely to result in free flap loss. Furthermore, it is associated with a higher revision rate. Therefore, in cases with resected IJ, we suggest to plan the operation beforehand with anastomosis at the contralateral side whenever possible.

  2. Congenital agenesis of internal carotid artery with ipsilateral Horner presenting as focal neurological symptoms

    PubMed Central

    Farhat, Wassim; Ahdab, Rechdi; Hosseini, Hassan

    2011-01-01

    Internal carotid artery (ICA) agenesis is a rare developmental anomaly and is most frequently asymptomatic, but it may also present as cerebrovascular accidents. The association with Horner’s syndrome is exceptional. We present three cases of agenesis of ICA associated with Horner’s syndrome and hypochromia iridum presenting as focal neurological symptoms. A system of collaterals develops as a consequence of agenesis of the ICA, making the majority of cases asymptomatic. Three types of collateral circulations have been described. These collaterals increase the risk of aneurysm formation and the occurrence of life-threatening subarachnoid hemorrhages. The association of congenital Horner’s syndrome and hypochromia iridum without anhidrosis is highly suggestive of sympathetic pathway injury early in life. Such signs should prompt further diagnostic evaluation to demonstrate the presence of the agenesis of the carotid canal. Early diagnosis is essential to rule out potentially life-threatening associated vascular anomalies. PMID:21339912

  3. Congenital agenesis of internal carotid artery with ipsilateral Horner presenting as focal neurological symptoms.

    PubMed

    Farhat, Wassim; Ahdab, Rechdi; Hosseini, Hassan

    2011-01-26

    Internal carotid artery (ICA) agenesis is a rare developmental anomaly and is most frequently asymptomatic, but it may also present as cerebrovascular accidents. The association with Horner's syndrome is exceptional. We present three cases of agenesis of ICA associated with Horner's syndrome and hypochromia iridum presenting as focal neurological symptoms. A system of collaterals develops as a consequence of agenesis of the ICA, making the majority of cases asymptomatic. Three types of collateral circulations have been described. These collaterals increase the risk of aneurysm formation and the occurrence of life-threatening subarachnoid hemorrhages. The association of congenital Horner's syndrome and hypochromia iridum without anhidrosis is highly suggestive of sympathetic pathway injury early in life. Such signs should prompt further diagnostic evaluation to demonstrate the presence of the agenesis of the carotid canal. Early diagnosis is essential to rule out potentially life-threatening associated vascular anomalies.

  4. Successful Coil Embolization for a "Three-Hump" Internal Carotid Artery Anterior Wall Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Fukushima, Y.; Miyasaka, Y.; Takagi, H.; Kurata, A.; Suzuki, S.; Fujii, K.

    2006-01-01

    Summary We describe an unusually shaped aneurysm arising from the anterior wall of the internal carotid artery (ICA) that was treated successfully with Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs). A 38-year-old woman presented with sudden onset of headache and was transferred to our hospital. Computed tomography revealed thin subarachnoid hemorrhage in the basal cisterns. Three-dimensional rotational angiography clearly showed a "three-hump" anterior wall aneurysm of the ICA. The two distal humps of the aneurysm were successfully obliterated with GDCs, but the proximal hump was too small to treat by coil embolization. The patient was discharged without neurological deficit. Anterior wall (blisterlike) aneurysms of the ICA have a high risk of rupture due to fragility of the wall. These aneurysms are considered difficult to manage by traditional surgical approaches. Our experience suggests that endovascular GDC embolization is a good alternative treatment modality for patients with such an aneurysm. PMID:20569593

  5. Trauma-associated bleeding from the bilateral internal iliac arteries resolved using angiographic embolization.

    PubMed

    Aygün, Ali; Karaca, Yunus; Ayan, Emin; Suha, Türkmen; Dinç, Hasan

    2013-11-01

    Pelvic fracture is associated with high mortality. The management of major pelvic injuries remains one of the most important issues in modern trauma care. A 39-year-old male patient presented at the emergency department after being hit with a 500 kg load. His general condition was average with unstable vital signs. Pelvic tomography revealed fractured bone structure, thickening secondary to hematoma in both iliopsoas muscles, and hemorrhage-related active extravasation in the left internal iliac trace. The patient's hemodynamics worsened despite fluid and blood replacement, and angiographic embolization was scheduled. Bilateral embolization of the iliac artery was performed. Control angiography confirmed that full embolization was established. The patient was monitored in intensive care, but expired after three days due to acute kidney failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and multi-organ failure. Angiographic embolization is a technique improves hemorrhage control in pelvic trauma but can also increase risk of complications such as ischemia and necrosis.

  6. Horner's Syndrome due to a Spontaneous Internal Carotid Artery Dissection after Deep Sea Scuba Diving.

    PubMed

    Alonso Formento, Jose Enrique; Fernández Reyes, Jose Luis; Envid Lázaro, Blanca Mar; Fernández Letamendi, Teresa; Yeste Martín, Ryth; Jódar Morente, Francisco José

    2016-01-01

    Internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) is a rare entity that either results from traumatic injury or can be spontaneously preceded or not by a minor trauma such as sporting activities. It represents a major cause of stroke in young patients. The diagnosis should be suspected with the combination of Horner's syndrome, headache or neck pain, and retinal or cerebral ischaemia. The confirmation is frequently made with a magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Although anticoagulation with heparin followed by vitamin-K-antagonists is the most common treatment, there is no difference in efficacy of antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs at preventing stroke and death in patients with symptomatic carotid dissection. We describe a patient with ICAD following deep sea scuba diving, who presented with Horner's syndrome and neck pain and was successfully treated with anticoagulants.

  7. Estimating the Radiation Dose to the Fetus in Prophylactic Internal Iliac Artery Balloon Occlusion: Three Cases

    PubMed Central

    Kai, Kentaro; Hamada, Tomohiro; Yuge, Akitoshi; Kiyosue, Hiro; Nishida, Yoshihiro; Nasu, Kaei; Narahara, Hisashi

    2015-01-01

    Background. Although radiation exposure is of great concern to expecting patients, little information is available on the fetal radiation dose associated with prophylactic internal iliac artery balloon occlusion (IIABO). Here we estimated the fetal radiation dose associated with prophylactic IIABO in Caesarean section (CS). Cases. We report our experience with the IIABO procedure in three consecutive patients with suspected placenta previa/accreta. Fetal radiation dose measurements were conducted prior to each CS by using an anthropomorphic phantom. Based on the simulated value, we calculated the fetal radiation dose as the absorbed dose. We found that the fetal radiation doses ranged from 12.88 to 31.6 mGy. The fetal radiation dose during the prophylactic IIABOs did not exceed 50 mGy. Conclusion. The IIABO procedure could result in a very small increase in the risk of harmful effects to the fetus. PMID:26180648

  8. Revascularization of the Entire Heart by Internal Mammary Artery Implantation, Epicardiectomy and Free Omental Graft

    PubMed Central

    Vineberg, Arthur M.

    1966-01-01

    The indications for and the contraindications to total cardiac revascularization are described on the basis of the author's experience. The combined operation of internal mammary artery implant, epicardiectomy and free omental graft was performed on 62 patients. Of 45 who did not have angina at rest without exciting cause (Grade I) 39 showed improvement; 32 returned to full-time work, 18 of whom had been unable to work before operation. There were two operative deaths. Among the 17 patients who were “bed-chair cripples” (angina at rest without cause-Grade II), there was a 24% operative mortality (four deaths), but 76% of the survivors had marked improvement. Only one of this group had been working full-time preoperatively; now nine are working full-time. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2(a)Fig. 2(b)Fig. 2(c)Fig. 2(d)Fig. 2(e) PMID:5903713

  9. Isolated Internal Carotid Artery Thrombus and Cerebral Infarction in a Patient with Necrotizing Pancreatitis: Case Report.

    PubMed

    Ludwig, Daniel R; Austin, Matthew J; Wallace, Adam N; Kamran, Mudassar; Kansagra, Akash P; Osbun, Joshua W; Cross, DeWitte T; Moran, Christopher J

    2017-09-08

    Isolated internal carotid artery (ICA) thrombus in the absence of underlying atherosclerotic disease is a rare entity. We report a case of a patient presenting with right arm weakness, slurred speech, and altered mental status in the setting of acute on chronic pancreatitis. The patient was found to have scattered left cerebral hemisphere cortical infarctions, and catheter angiography confirmed the presence of intraluminal left ICA thrombus, with no evidence of atherosclerotic disease in the cervical or intracranial vasculature. Further workup also demonstrated the presence of anemia of chronic disease. The patient was initiated on anticoagulation, and follow-up imaging demonstrated a complete resolution of the left ICA thrombus. In the reported case, coagulopathy in the setting of acute on chronic pancreatitis was presumably the primary etiology. Anemia of chronic disease, related to a proinflammatory state, may also play a contributory role. Copyright © 2017 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. [Post-radiotherapy and atherosclerotic stenosis of the internal carotid artery treated by angioplasty and stenting].

    PubMed

    Martinez, Ch; Legrand, V; Sprynger, M; Garweg, Ch; Petermans, J; Pierard, L

    2006-03-01

    We report the case of a 70-year old man treated by surgery and radiotherapy for a neoplasic lesion of the tongue in whom severe symptomatic stenosis of the left internal carotid artery occurred a few years later. This lesion was successfully treated by percutaneous carotid angioplasty and stenting with distal embolic protection (PCAS). After a period of experimenting with angioplasty and stenting, PCAS is becoming a serious alternative for carotid thrombo-endarterectomy (TEA). Indications for PCAS are currently patients who, due to several reasons, are no good candidates for surgery. Several of large PCAS versus TEA randomized trials are underway and final results will help us determine the best indication for TEA or PCAS for both low and high risk patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid stenosis.

  11. Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage due to ruptured cavernous internal carotid artery aneurysm after medical prolactinoma treatment.

    PubMed

    Khalsa, Siri Sahib; Hollon, Todd C; Shastri, Ravi; Trobe, Jonathan D; Gemmete, Joseph J; Pandey, Aditya S

    2016-06-08

    Aneurysms of the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) are believed to have a low risk of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), given the confines of the dural rings and the anterior clinoid process. The risk may be greater when the bony and dural protection has been eroded. We report a case of spontaneous SAH from rupture of a cavernous ICA aneurysm in a patient whose large prolactinoma had markedly decreased in size as the result of cabergoline treatment. After passing a balloon test occlusion, the patient underwent successful endovascular vessel deconstruction. This case suggests that an eroding skull base lesion may distort normal anterior cranial base anatomy and allow communication between the cavernous ICA and subarachnoid space. The potential for SAH due to cavernous ICA aneurysm rupture should be recognised in patients with previous pituitary or other skull base lesions adjacent to the cavernous sinus.

  12. Horner's Syndrome due to a Spontaneous Internal Carotid Artery Dissection after Deep Sea Scuba Diving

    PubMed Central

    Fernández Reyes, Jose Luis; Envid Lázaro, Blanca Mar; Fernández Letamendi, Teresa; Yeste Martín, Ryth; Jódar Morente, Francisco José

    2016-01-01

    Internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) is a rare entity that either results from traumatic injury or can be spontaneously preceded or not by a minor trauma such as sporting activities. It represents a major cause of stroke in young patients. The diagnosis should be suspected with the combination of Horner's syndrome, headache or neck pain, and retinal or cerebral ischaemia. The confirmation is frequently made with a magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Although anticoagulation with heparin followed by vitamin-K-antagonists is the most common treatment, there is no difference in efficacy of antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs at preventing stroke and death in patients with symptomatic carotid dissection. We describe a patient with ICAD following deep sea scuba diving, who presented with Horner's syndrome and neck pain and was successfully treated with anticoagulants. PMID:27525139

  13. A SPECT study in internal carotid artery occlusion: Discrepancies between flow image and neurologic deficits

    SciTech Connect

    Moriwaki, H.; Hougaku, H.; Matsuda, I.; Kusunoki, M.; Shirai, J. )

    1989-08-01

    A SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography) study in internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion was performed in 6 patients. The validity of iodoamphetamine (IMP) SPECT study in the evaluation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) or neurologic function is still controversial. In this study, the authors showed several cases in whom SPECT images of brain were not compatible with their neurologic deficits. In 2 typical cases, a large low-density area was observed in the non-dominant hemisphere in computed tomography (CT) scan, but no apparent motor-sensory deficits in left limbs were present. In these patients, SPECT study also revealed flow reduction in the affected side of the brain. So there was a possibility that an IMP brain image could not always reflect CBF, which maintains neurologic function of the brain.

  14. Mandibular subluxation for distal internal carotid artery exposure in edentulous patients.

    PubMed

    Jaspers, Gijs W; Witjes, Max J; van den Dungen, Jan J; Reintsema, Harry; Zeebregts, Clark J

    2009-12-01

    Four patients with high internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusive disease were indicated for surgical endarterectomy and needed additional exposure besides regular head rotation and extension. When indicated, in our clinic this is usually achieved by mandibular subluxation with interdental wiring. Due to dental wear and periodontal disease, all 4 patients were edentulous. As a consequence, the technique of interdental wiring could not be used. In this technical note we will explain a method for interarch fixation with the use of two ipsilateral monocortical miniscrews and wiring, and the use of patients' pre-existing mandibular implants and provisional overdenture. This method gives rise to an additional exposure of 15 to 20 mm of the ICA.

  15. Pharmacokinetics of intraluminally administered serum papaverine for spasm prophylaxis of the internal mammary artery.

    PubMed

    Kiessling, Arndt-Holger; Romasku, Deniss; Beiras-Fernandez, Andres; Ferreirós, Nerea; Labocha, Sandra; Moritz, Anton; Rastan, Ardawan Julian

    2013-10-01

    Papaverine (Paveron N™ Linden Arzneimittel Vertrieb GmbH, Germany) is a widely used agent for preventing spasm in mammary artery preparations. The question addressed in this study is whether the intraluminal administration of papaverine can result in detectable absorption of the drug into the systemic arterial circulation. In 15 patients (age 65 ± 6 years; body mass index 28.9 ± 3.7), an internal mammary artery (IMA) was prepared during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A maximum of 3 mL of a 1 mg/1 mL diluted papaverine solution was injected intravascularly (intraluminally) for spasm prophylaxis. The IMA was closed proximally and distally with bulldog clamps. Blood samples were taken immediately after administration (T1), after 20 minutes (T2), and at the end of the operation (T3). Samples were measured in a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) system consisting of a binary pump from Agilent (Waldbronn, Germany) coupled to a high-throughput screening (HTS) PAL injection system (CTC, Zwingen, Switzerland) and a tandem mass spectrometer (API 4000, AB Sciex, Darmstadt, Germany). Papaverine was analyzed in positive mode using an electrospray ion source. Quantitation was performed using Analyst 1.5 software (AB Sciex, Darmstadt, Germany). The newly developed LC-MS/MS method was successfully established for the detection of papaverine in plasma samples. The highest plasma papaverine levels were determined at time point T1 (mean 54.7 ± 39 ng/mL, range 16.6-179 ng/mL). The concentration was already halved 20 minutes after administration (T2) (mean 23.3 ± 2 ng/mL, range 4.6-118 ng/mL). Because of the short half-life and the hemodilution in the extracorporeal circulation, at the end of the operation papaverine (T3) had already fallen to just above the limit of detection (mean 4.1 ± 3.9 ng/mL, range 1.3-16.9 ng/mL). At time point T1, a significant negative correlation was determined between plasma levels and systemic diastolic, but not

  16. Double vs single internal thoracic artery harvesting in diabetic patients: role in perioperative infection rate

    PubMed Central

    Agrifoglio, Marco; Trezzi, Matteo; Barili, Fabio; Dainese, Luca; Cheema, Faisal H; Topkara, Veli K; Ghislandi, Chiara; Parolari, Alessandro; Polvani, Gianluca; Alamanni, Francesco; Biglioli, Paolo

    2008-01-01

    Background The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate the role in the onset of surgical site infections of bilateral internal thoracic arteries harvesting in patients with decompensated preoperative glycemia. Methods 81 consecutive patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus underwent elective CABG harvesting single or double internal thoracic arteries. Single left ITA was harvested in 41 patients (Group 1, 50.6%), BITAs were harvested in 40 (Group 2, 49.4%). The major clinical end points analyzed in this study were infection rate, type of infection, duration of infection, infection relapse rate and total hospital length of stay. Results Five patients developed sternal SSI in the perioperative period, 2 in group 1 and 3 in group 2 without significant difference. All sternal SSIs were superficial with no sternal dehiscence. The development of infection from the time of surgery took 18.5 ± 2.1 and 7.3 ± 3.0 days for Groups 1 and 2 respectively. The infections were treated with wound irrigation and debridement, and with VAC therapy as well as with antibiotics. The VAC system was removed after a mean of 12.8 ± 5.1 days, when sterilization was achieved. The overall survival estimate at 1 year was 98.7%. Only BMI was a significant predictor of SSI using multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis (Odds Ratio: 1.34; 95%Conficdence Interval: 1.02–1.83; p value: 0.04). In the model, the use of BITA was not an independent predictor of SSI. Conclusion CABG with bilateral pedicled ITAs grafting could be performed safely even in diabetics with poor preoperative glycaemic control. PMID:18573201

  17. Balloon-Assisted Occlusion of the Internal Iliac Arteries in Patients with Placenta Accreta/Percreta

    SciTech Connect

    Bodner, Leonard J.; Nosher, John L. Gribbin, Christopher; Siegel, Randall L.; Beale, Stephanie; Scorza, William

    2006-06-15

    Background. Placenta accreta/percreta is a leading cause of third trimester hemorrhage and postpartum maternal death. The current treatment for third trimester hemorrhage due to placenta accreta/percreta is cesarean hysterectomy, which may be complicated by large volume blood loss. Purpose. To determine what role, if any, prophylactic temporary balloon occlusion and transcatheter embolization of the anterior division of the internal iliac arteries plays in the management of patients with placenta accreta/percreta. Methods. The records of 28 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of placenta accreta/percreta were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups. Six patients underwent prophylactic temporary balloon occlusion, followed by cesarean section, transcatheter embolization of the anterior division of the internal iliac arteries and cesarean hysterectomy (n = 5) or uterine curettage (n = 1). Twenty-two patients underwent cesarean hysterectomy without endovascular intervention. The following parameters were compared in the two groups: patient age, gravidity, parity, gestational age at delivery, days in the intensive care unit after delivery, total hospital days, volume of transfused blood products, volume of fluid replacement intraoperatively, operating room time, estimated blood loss, and postoperative morbidity and mortality. Results. Patients in the embolization group had more frequent episodes of third trimester bleeding requiring admission and bedrest prior to delivery (16.7 days vs. 2.9 days), resulting in significantly more hospitalization time in the embolization group (23 days vs. 8.8 days) and delivery at an earlier gestational age than in those in the surgical group (32.5 weeks). There was no statistical difference in mean estimated blood loss, volume of replaced blood products, fluid replacement needs, operating room time or postoperative recovery time. Conclusion. Our findings do not support the contention that in patients with

  18. The contralateral carotid disease in patients with internal carotid artery occlusion.

    PubMed

    Lovrencić-Huzjan, Arijana; Strineka, Maja; Aiman, Drazen; Strbe, Sanja; Sodec-Simicević, Darja; Demarin, Vida

    2009-09-01

    The one-year incidence of carotid occlusion is 6/100 000 inhabitants in general population. Stroke incidence and mortality rate in these patients vary. Patients that underwent carotid endarterectomy (CES) are at a higher risk of progression of contralateral carotid stenosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the management and natural history of the contralateral internal carotid artery disease in patients with internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAO). During one year, 297 patients with ICAO were investigated. Follow up examinations were retrospectively analyzed and patients were divided into groups according to contralateral carotid disease. Out of 297 patients, only one investigation was performed in 90 patients with carotid occlusion. Thirty three patients were followed up due to postoperative ICAO. In 14 patients, ICAO developed during ultrasonographic follow up. In this group of patients, 9 had unchanged contralateral findings, whereas in 5 patients disease progression was observed. Out of 44 patients with ICAO and contralateral subtotal stenosis at initial investigation, 42 underwent carotid surgery. Postoperatively, 32 patients had normal findings, 6 developed mild carotid stenosis, 2 developed moderate carotid stenosis, and 2 had postoperative carotid occlusion. Two patients were followed-up without intervention. Nine patients with bilateral ICAO were followed-up for years. Follow up was continued in 106 patients with ICAO and contralateral mild to moderate changes. The finding was unchanged in 68 patients. In 21 (30%) patients the disease progressed to subtotal stenosis and 18 patients underwent carotid surgery. Accordingly, contralateral carotid disease progression was observed in one third of patients with carotid occlusion. Additional studies on the issue are needed.

  19. Retreatment of Recurrent Internal Carotid-Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm after Coil Embolization.

    PubMed

    Toyota, Shingo; Taki, Takuyu; Wakayama, Akatsuki; Yoshimine, Toshiki

    2015-01-01

    Internal carotid-posterior communicating artery (IC-PC) aneurysms account for more than 20% of all intracranial aneurysms. As a result of the increase in coiling, there has also been an increase in recurrent IC-PC aneurysms after coiling. We present our experience of 10 recurrent IC-PC aneurysms after coiling that were retreated using surgical or endovascular techniques in order to discuss the choice of treatment and the points of clipping without removal of coils. From 2007 to 2014, 10 recurrent IC-PC aneurysms after coiling were retreated. When the previous frames covered the aneurysms all around or almost around except a part of the neck, coiling was chosen. In other cases, clipping was chosen. Clipping was attempted without removal of coils when it was technically feasible. Among the 10 IC-PC aneurysms retreated, 3 were retreated with coiling and 7 were retreated with clipping. In all three cases retreated with coiling, almost complete occlusion was accomplished. In the seven cases retreated with clipping, coil extrusion was observed during surgery in six cases. In most of them, it was necessary to dissect strong adhesions around the coiled aneurysms and to utilize temporary occlusion of the internal carotid artery. In all seven cases, neck clipping was accomplished without the removal of coils. There were no neurological complications in any cases. The management of recurrent lesions of embolized IC-PC aneurysms requires appropriate choice of treatment using both coiling and clipping. Clipping, especially without the removal of coils, plays an important role in safe treatment.

  20. The Internal Pudendal Artery Perforator Thigh Flap: A New Freestyle Pedicle Flap for the Ischial Region

    PubMed Central

    Goishi, Keiichi; Abe, Yoshiro; Takaku, Mitsuru; Seike, Takuya; Harada, Hiroshi; Nakanishi, Hideki

    2014-01-01

    Background: Recurrence and complication rates of pressure sores are highest in the ischial region, and other donor sites are needed for recurrent pressure sores. The potential of a new freestyle pedicle flap for ischial lesions, an internal pudendal artery perforator (iPap) thigh flap, was examined through anatomical and theoretical analyses and a case series using computed tomography angiography. Methods: The skin flap was designed in the thigh region based on an iPap. The skin perforators were marked with a Doppler probe. One patient underwent computed tomography angiography with fistulography to identify the damage to or effects on the pedicle vessels of the flap. Debridement of ischial lesions and flap elevation were performed in the jackknife position. Results: The iPap thigh flaps were performed in 5 patients, 4 with ischial pressure sores and 1 with calcinosis cutis of the ischial region. The width and length of the flaps ranged from 5 to 8 cm (mean, 6.6 cm) and 10 to 17 cm (mean, 12.6 cm), respectively. Three patients underwent partial osteotomy of the ischial bone. No complications, including flap necrosis or wound dehiscence of the donor and reconstructed sites, were observed. Conclusions: The perforator vessels of the internal pudendal artery are very close to the ischial tuberosity. Blood flow to the flap is reliable when careful debridement of the pressure sore is performed. The iPap thigh flap is a new option for soft-tissue defects in the ischial region, including ischial pressure sores. PMID:25289335

  1. Retreatment of Recurrent Internal Carotid-Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm after Coil Embolization

    PubMed Central

    TOYOTA, Shingo; TAKI, Takuyu; WAKAYAMA, Akatsuki; YOSHIMINE, Toshiki

    2015-01-01

    Internal carotid-posterior communicating artery (IC-PC) aneurysms account for more than 20% of all intracranial aneurysms. As a result of the increase in coiling, there has also been an increase in recurrent IC-PC aneurysms after coiling. We present our experience of 10 recurrent IC-PC aneurysms after coiling that were retreated using surgical or endovascular techniques in order to discuss the choice of treatment and the points of clipping without removal of coils. From 2007 to 2014, 10 recurrent IC-PC aneurysms after coiling were retreated. When the previous frames covered the aneurysms all around or almost around except a part of the neck, coiling was chosen. In other cases, clipping was chosen. Clipping was attempted without removal of coils when it was technically feasible. Among the 10 IC-PC aneurysms retreated, 3 were retreated with coiling and 7 were retreated with clipping. In all three cases retreated with coiling, almost complete occlusion was accomplished. In the seven cases retreated with clipping, coil extrusion was observed during surgery in six cases. In most of them, it was necessary to dissect strong adhesions around the coiled aneurysms and to utilize temporary occlusion of the internal carotid artery. In all seven cases, neck clipping was accomplished without the removal of coils. There were no neurological complications in any cases. The management of recurrent lesions of embolized IC-PC aneurysms requires appropriate choice of treatment using both coiling and clipping. Clipping, especially without the removal of coils, plays an important role in safe treatment. PMID:26437796

  2. A new 'enterocompressor' to facilitate rectal anastomosis.

    PubMed

    Barraza, R P

    1990-02-01

    A newly devised enterocompressor facilitates low rectal anastomosis in children with Hirschsprung's disease. This simple surgical instrument, composed of two semicylindrical valves, a hinge, and a regulating screw, maintains intestinal anastomoses properly placed and produces spur crushing. In addition, it is inexpensive and reusable. The enterocompressor, used in 33 primary and 15 secondary Duhamel operations, and applied to normalize intestinal transit in 10 colectomies, provided adequate anastomosis and prevented leakage of intestinal contents. This enterocompressor can be used safely in children as young as six months of age.

  3. Bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting in octogenarians: where are the benefits?

    PubMed

    Gatti, Giuseppe; Dell'Angela, Luca; Benussi, Bernardo; Dreas, Lorella; Forti, Gabriella; Gabrielli, Marco; Rauber, Elisabetta; Luzzati, Roberto; Sinagra, Gianfranco; Pappalardo, Aniello

    2016-05-01

    The use of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting for myocardial revascularization is usually discouraged in the very elderly because of increased risk of perioperative complications. The aim of the study was to analyze early and late outcomes of BITA grafting in octogenarians. From January 1999 throughout February 2014, 236 consecutive octogenarians with multivessel coronary artery disease underwent primary isolated coronary bypass surgery at the authors' institution. Six of these patients underwent emergency surgery and were excluded from this retrospective study; consequently, 135 BITA patients were compared with 95 single internal thoracic artery (SITA) patients according to early and late outcomes. Between BITA and SITA patients, there was no significant difference in the operative risk (EuroSCORE II: 8 ± 7.7 vs. 7.6 ± 6.1 %, p = 0.65). There was a lower aortic manipulation in BITA patients. Hospital mortality (3 vs. 4.2 %, p = 0.44) and perioperative complications were similar except that only BITA patients experienced sternal wound infection (5.2 %, p = 0.022). The mean follow-up was 4.7 ± 3.3 years. There were no differences between the two groups in overall survival (p = 0.79), freedom from cardiac and cerebrovascular deaths (p = 0.73), major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (p = 0.63) and heart failure hospital readmission (p = 0.64). Predictors of decreased late survival were diabetes (p = 0.0062) and congestive heart failure (p = 0.0004). BITA grafting can be routinely used in octogenarians with atherosclerotic ascending aorta without an increase in hospital mortality or major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular complications. However, there is an increased risk of sternal wound infection without a demonstrable long-term benefit.

  4. Internal iliac and uterine arteries Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of normotensive and chronic hypertensive pregnant women

    PubMed Central

    Guedes-Martins, L.; Cunha, A.; Saraiva, J.; Gaio, R.; Macedo, F.; Almeida, H.

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this work was to compare Doppler flows pulsatility index (PI) and resistance indexes (RI) of uterine and internal iliac arteries during pregnancy in low risk women and in those with stage-1 essential hypertension. From January 2010 and December 2012, a longitudinal and prospective study was carried out in 103 singleton uneventful pregnancies (72 low-risk pregnancies and 31 with stage 1 essential hypertension)at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Multiple linear regression models, fitted using generalized least squares and whose errors were allowed to be correlated and/or have unequal variances, were employed; a model for the relative differences of both arteries impedance was utilized. In both groups, uterine artery PI and RI exhibited a gestational age related decreasing trend whereas internal iliac artery PI and RI increased. The model testing the hemodynamic adaptation in women with and without hypertension showed similar trend. Irrespective of blood pressure conditions, the internal iliac artery resistance pattern contrasts with the capacitance pattern of its immediate pelvic division, suggesting a pregnancy-related regulatory mechanism in the pelvic circulation. PMID:24445576

  5. Coronary steal from a left internal mammary artery coronary bypass graft by a left upper extremity arteriovenous hemodialysis fistula.

    PubMed

    Crowley, Steven D; Butterly, David W; Peter, Robert H; Schwab, Steve J

    2002-10-01

    In patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis, the upper extremity arteriovenous (AV) fistula is the dialysis access recommended by the DOQI guidelines for patients with appropriate vasculature. Upper extremity AV fistulae have long periods of usefulness, high flow rates, and low associated complication rates. Placement of AV access may result in increased cardiac output and increased cardiac oxygen demand in these patients. In general, cardiovascular complications from AV access have been limited. We report a novel cardiovascular complication of AV access in an end-stage renal disease patient with a coronary artery bypass graft employing the left internal mammary artery who experienced angina while undergoing hemodialysis. The angina was mediated at least in part by cardiac catheterization laboratory-documented steal of blood flow from the internal mammary artery graft. This phenomenon suggests the need to consider the impact of upper extremity access placement on blood flow to the left internal mammary artery in patients who previously have undergone placement of a coronary artery bypass graft. Copyright 2002 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.

  6. Brainstem ischemic stroke without permanent sequelae during the course of spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection – case report

    PubMed Central

    Nesteruk, Tomasz; Nesteruk, Marta; Bulik-Pasińska, Marta; Boroszko, Dariusz; Ostrowska, Monika

    2012-01-01

    Summary Background: Internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) is a frequent cause of a stroke in young patients. Risk factors which can lead to dissection include neck injury and diseases of the inner wall of the artery. Common symptoms in ICAD are cervical pain and headache, Horner’s syndrome, paralysis of the cranial nerves and subsequently cerebral and retinal ischemia. MR angiography in TOF technique and brain MRI in T1- and T2-weighted images, FLAIR and DWI sequences are the method of choice in patients with ICAD but contrast-enhanced multislice computed tomography remains the fastest and the most available diagnostic method. Case Report: A 39-year old woman, previously healthy, presented to the Hospital Emergency Department because of increasing neck pain on the right side and difficulty in swallowing. The neurological examination revealed: drooping of the right eyelid with narrow palpebral fissure, dysarthria, anisocoria (narrower pupil on the right side), unilateral hypoesthesia on the left side, weak palatal and pharyngeal reflexes on both sides, paresthesia within the left half of the body. Seven days before, the patient felt a sudden, severe neck pain radiating to the temporal apophysis. CT angiography revealed a defect in contrast filling within the left internal carotid artery and right vertebral artery. MRI of the head with MR angiography showed internal carotid artery dissection on the left side and dissection of the right vertebral artery and no ischemic changes within the brain. Conclusions: CT and MR angiography are methods characterized by high sensitivity in detecting dissection of the cervical arteries. PMID:22802868

  7. [T-L mucosa to mucosa pancreatojejunal anastomosis for pancreatic reconstruction following a duodenopancreatectomy].

    PubMed

    Targarona, J; Garatea, R; Rosas, J; Romero, C; Rosamedina, J; Lora, A; Montoya, E

    2006-01-01

    The pancreatojejunal anastomosis is considered the weak spot when carrying out a duodenopancreatectomy, because it causes most of the complications following a Whipple surgery. Here we present a series of cases using a single technique for performing this anastomosis. During the period between October 2002 and August 2005, 49 duodenopancreatectomies were performed at the 3AII Department of the National Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati Martins - H.N.E.R.M., in 31 of these cases a lateral mucosa to mucosa pancreatojejunal anastomosis was carried out by the same surgeon. The most frequent complication was infection of the operating wound followed by pancreatic fistula and intra-abdominal hemorrhage and the overall morbidity was 29%. Pancreatic fistula developed in 13% of the cases; however, no patient required additional treatment and the fistula closed maximum twenty days after the surgery. On average, patients resumed oral food intake after 6 days and remained hospitalized for 16 days. Mortality was 3%, because a patient developed a pseudo-aneurism of the hepatic artery, which ruptured 17 days after the operation. The mucosa to mucosa pancreatojejunal anastomosis is a safe technique with a low index of pancreatic fistula and mortality.

  8. The significance of the extracranial-intracranial anastomoses of carotid system in occlusion of internal carotid artery.

    PubMed

    Kulenović, Amela; Dilberović, Faruk

    2004-05-01

    The existence of collateral circulation in patients with impaired intracranial circulation was studied. We analysed angiograms of 35 patients of the Neurology Clinic of Clinical Centre in Sarajevo with occlusion of internal carotid artery. In majority cases collateral circulation was not established. In patients with occlusion of internal carotid artery, extracranial-intracranial anastomoses were established in some cases, with results of surviving and patients recovery. Collateral circulation based on blood vessels which are formed in the early stages of fetal life. Some embryonal arteries undergo an involution process, while the other part of blood vessels stay unfunctional during life, until cerebrovascular disease appearence, when it comes to their activation. Establishing of the collateral circulation in post-occlusiv status depend on great number of factors: number of anastomoses, their calibre,velocity of occlusion and complete vascular status of patients.

  9. Traumatic Pseudoaneurysm of the Internal Maxillary Artery: A Rare Life-Threatening Hemorrhage as a Complication of Maxillofacial Fractures

    PubMed Central

    Nastro Siniscalchi, E.; Catalfamo, L.; Pitrone, A.; Papa, R.; Famà, F.; Lo Giudice, G.; Cervino, G.; De Ponte, F. S.

    2016-01-01

    Pseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery due to a traumatic event is a rare condition. Pseudoaneurysms are usually directly produced by arteries break with extravasation of blood. The compressed perivascular tissue forms the wall of aneurysmal sac. Then, this sac gradually expands and can be damaged. It is rare to see pseudoaneurysms of IMA. They are usually associated with fracture of the neck of the mandible. To the best of our knowledge the pseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery related to maxillofacial trauma is an event extremely rare in the literature and if not quickly managed can lead to the patient's death. This case underlines how the close cooperation between surgeons and radiologists results in a quick diagnosis and management of such pathological events. PMID:27999596

  10. Surgical flow modification of the anterior cerebral artery-anterior communicating artery complex in the management of giant aneurysms of internal carotid artery bifurcation: An alternative for a difficult clip reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Pahl, Felix Hendrik; de Oliveira, Matheus Fernandes; Beer-Furlan, André Luiz; Rotta, José Marcus

    2016-01-01

    Background: Internal carotid artery bifurcation (ICAb) aneurysms account for about 2–15% of all intracranial aneurysms. In giant and complex cases, treatment may be difficult and dangerous, once some aneurysms have wide neck and anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) may arise from the aneurysm itself. Clip reconstruction may be difficult in such cases. Whenever possible, the occlusion of ACA transform the bifurcation in a single artery reconstruction (ICA to MCA), much easier than a bifurcation reconstruction. Methods: In patients with giant and complex ICAb aneurysms, we propose routine preoperative angiography with anatomical evaluation of anterior communicating artery (ACoA) patency during cervical common carotid compression with concomitant contralateral carotid artery injection. This allowed visualization of the expected reversal of flow in the A1 segment–ACoA complex. When test is positive, we can perform ipsilateral ACA (A1 segment) clip occlusion and flow modification of the ACA-ACoA complex transforming a three vessel (ICA, ACA, and MCA) reconstruction into a two vessel (ICA and MCA) reconstruction. Results: Two patients were treated, with 100% of occlusion and good outcome. Conclusions: Surgical treatment of giant and complex ICAb may be achieved with acceptable morbidity. PMID:27313968

  11. How to build your own coronary anastomosis simulator from scratch†

    PubMed Central

    De Raet, Jan M.; Arroyo, Jaime; Büchner, Sumy; Siregard, Sabrina; Andreas, Martin; Halvorsen, Fredrik; Grabosch, Antje; Stubbendorff, Mandy

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES Gaining cardiac surgical competence is a complex, multifactorial process that may take years of experience and on-the-job training. It is critical to provide suitable educational opportunities to gain the necessary knowledge, judgment and skills. In response to the multitude of factors (e.g. European Working Time Directive) currently influencing cardiac surgical training, there have been concerted efforts to reform training practices. Simulation plays an increasingly important role in the educational process and serves to fill the most important gap in the current training model, i.e. operative exposure. Therefore, a contest has been written out for cardiac surgical trainees to construct their own coronary anastomosis simulator using everyday materials. METHODS Cardiac surgical trainees were invited to construct their own coronary anastomosis simulator. An international jury of cardiac surgeons assessed the simulator and its presentation according to preset developmental criteria (low fidelity concept, innovative character, general presentation and description, general attractiveness to the scholar, ergonomical issues, perceived haptics, number of applicable components, transportability, ease of construction, repeatability and overall costs of the simulator). RESULTS Six prototypes of simulators built by cardiac surgical trainees were generated. A general evaluation of each simulator prototype is provided according to the preset developmental criteria. CONCLUSIONS All simulator prototypes have provided a considerable contribution to the field of surgical simulation. By designing simulator prototypes, the trainees have demonstrated their ‘out of the box’ thinking capability, which is of paramount importance for the development of future innovative surgical techniques and procedures. The Valladolid cardiac team coronary anastomosis simulator box was selected for the EACTS Ethicon Simulation Award 2011. This project will be mass produced and distributed

  12. Caloric restriction increases internal iliac artery and penil nitric oxide synthase expression in rat: comparison of aged and adult rats.

    PubMed

    Ozbek, Emin; Simsek, Abdulmuttalip; Ozbek, Mustafa; Somay, Adnan

    2013-09-26

    Because of the positive corelation between healthy cardiovascular system and sexual life we aimed to evaluate the effect of caloric restriction (CR) on endothelial and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (eNOS, nNOS) expression in cavernousal tissues and eNOS expression in the internal iliac artery in young and aged rats. Young (3 mo, n = 7) and aged (24 mo, n = 7) male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 40% CR and were allowed free access to water for 3 months. Control rats (n = 14) fed ad libitum had free access to food and water at all times. On day 90, rats were sacrificed and internal iliac arteries and penis were removed and parafinized, eNOS and nNOS expression evaluated with immunohistochemistry. Results were evaluated semiquantitatively. eNOS and nNOS expression in cavernousal tis- sue in CR rats were more strong than in control group in both young and old rats. eNOS expression was also higher in the internal iliac arteries of CR rats than in control in young and old rats. As a result of our study we can say that there is a positive link between CR and neurotransmitter of erection in cavernousal tissues and internal iliac arteries. CR has beneficial effect to prevent sexual dysfunction in young and old animals and possible humans.

  13. Curving and looping of the internal carotid artery in relation to the pharynx: frequency, embryology and clinical implications

    PubMed Central

    PAULSEN, FRIEDRICH; TILLMANN, BERNHARD; CHRISTOFIDES, CHRISTOS; RICHTER, WALBURGA; KOEBKE, JÜRGEN

    2000-01-01

    Variations of the course of the internal carotid artery in the parapharyngeal space and their frequency were studied in order to determine possible risks for acute haemorrhage during pharyngeal surgery and traumatic events, as well as their possible relevance to cerebrovascular disease. The course of the internal carotid artery showed no curvature in 191 cases, but in 74 cases it had a medial, lateral or ventrocaudal curve, and 17 preparations showed kinking (12) or coiling (5) out of a total of 265 dissected carotid sheaths and 17 corrosion vascular casts. In 6 cases of kinking and 2 of coiling, the internal carotid artery was located in direct contact with the tonsillar fossa. No significant sex differences were found. Variations of the internal carotid artery leading to direct contact with the pharyngeal wall are likely to be of great clinical relevance in view of the large number of routine procedures performed. Whereas coiling is ascribed to embryological causes, curving is related to ageing and kinking is thought to be exacerbated by arteriosclerosis or fibromuscular dysplasia with advancing age and may therefore be of significance in relation to the occurrence of cerebrovascular symptoms. PMID:11117624

  14. A multi-dimensional approach for describing internal bleeding in an artery: implications for Doppler ultrasound guiding HIFU hemostasis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Di; Zhang, Dong; Guo, Xiasheng; Gong, Xiufen; Fei, Xingbo

    2008-09-01

    Doppler ultrasound has shown promise in detecting and localizing internal bleeding. A mathematical approach was developed to describe the internal bleeding of the injured artery surrounded by tissue. This approach consisted of a two-dimensional (2D) model describing the injured vessel and a one-dimensional model (1D) mimicking the downstream of the vessel system. The validity of this approach was confirmed by both the numerical simulation and in vivo measurement of a normal porcine femoral artery. Furthermore, the artery was injured using a 16-gauge needle to model a penetrating injury. The velocity waveform at the puncture site was modeled and compared with those at the upstream and downstream of the artery. The results demonstrated that there was a significant increase in magnitude and a phase lag for the peak systolic velocity at the injury site. These results were qualitatively in agreement with the in vivo experiment. Flow turbulence indicated by this approach was also observed in a color Doppler image in the form of a checkered color pattern. This approach might be useful for quantitative internal bleeding detection and localization. Also, the phase lag of the peak systolic velocity was indicated to be potential in the application of internal bleeding detection.

  15. [Internal carotid artery vasculitis originated by cervicofacial actinomycosis as a predisponing factor to stroke].

    PubMed

    Aguirre-Sánchez, J J; Portilla-Cuenca, J C; Velicia Mata, M R; Querol-Pascual, R; Palacios Bote, R; Campos de Orellana, A

    2005-06-01

    Actinomycosis is a chronic, suppurative, fibrotic infection produced by a gram-positive anaerobic bacteria of the normal mouth flora, the infection having tendency to fistulate and to extend without respecting tissue layers. Initial diagnosis is usually delayed due to its painless evolution. Three clinical forms are known: cervicofacial, abdominal and thoracic. Occasionally, there is vascular involvement which is mainly associated with venous thrombotic phenomena with low clinical expresion and hematogenous dissemination that can result in a formation of abscess or meningitis in the central nervous system. We report the case of a 28 year old female patient with type I diabetes and microangiopathyc complication with a internal carotid artery stenosis adjacent to mandibular angle actinomicosis. A few months later and after a miscarriage she suffered from ischemic stroke. The anticardiolipin antibody were positive at the time of stroke with post-operative period and over the next two years. To our knowledge (Medline, 1984-2004), it is the first report of internal carotid vasculitis originated by cervicofacial actinomicosis. We discuss the neuroradiological aspects of our case.

  16. Clinical Comparison of Outcomes of Early versus Delayed Carotid Artery Stenting for Symptomatic Cerebral Watershed Infarction due to Stenosis of the Proximal Internal Carotid Artery

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Huakun; Chu, Jianfeng; Zhang, Lei; Liu, Chaolai; Yan, Zhongrui

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of early versus delayed carotid artery stenting (CAS) for symptomatic cerebral watershed infarction (sCWI) patients due to stenosis of the proximal internal carotid artery. We retrospectively collected clinical data of those who underwent early or delayed CAS from March 2011 to April 2014. The time of early CAS and delayed CAS was within a week of symptom onset and after four weeks from symptom onset. Clinical data such as second stroke, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NHISS) score, and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score and periprocedural complications were collected. The rate of second stroke in early CAS group is lower when compared to that of delayed CAS group. There was no significant difference regarding periprocedural complications in both groups. There was a significant difference regarding mean NHISS score 90 days after CAS in two groups. Early CAS group had a significant better good outcome (mRS score ≤ 2) than delayed CAS group. We suggest early CAS for sCWI due to severe proximal internal carotid artery stenosis as it provides lower rate of second stroke, comparable periprocedural complications, and better functional outcomes compared to that of delayed CAS. PMID:28004005

  17. How Safe is Bilateral Internal Iliac Artery Embolization Prior to EVAR?

    SciTech Connect

    Bratby, M. J. Munneke, G. M.; Belli, A.-M.; Loosemore, T. M.; Loftus, I.; Thompson, M. M.; Morgan, R. A.

    2008-03-15

    Purpose. To assess the outcomes of patients after bilateral internal iliac artery (IIA) embolization prior to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Methods. Thirty-nine patients (age range 55-88 years, mean 72.5 years; 2 women) underwent IIA embolization/occlusion before EVAR. There were 28 patients with aorto-biiliac aneurysms and 6 with bilateral common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysms. Five patients with unilateral CIA aneurysms had previous surgical ligation of the contralateral IIA or inadvertent covering by the stent-graft of the contralateral IIA origin. Outcomes were assessed by clinical follow-up. Results. Severe ischemic complications were limited to spinal cord ischemia in 1 patient (3%) who developed paraparesis following EVAR. No other severe ischemic complications such as buttock necrosis, or bowel or bladder ischemia, occurred. Buttock and/or thigh claudication occurred in 12 patients (31%) and persisted beyond 1 year in 3 patients (9%). Sexual dysfunction occurred in 2 patients (5%). Patients who underwent simultaneous embolization had a 25% (3/12) ischemic complication rate versus 41% (11/27) in those with sequential embolization (p = 0.48). Embolization limited to the main trunk of the IIA resulted in a significantly reduced ischemic complication rate of 16% (3/19) versus 55% (11/20) of patients who had a more distal embolization of the IIA (p = 0.019, Fisher's exact test). Conclusion. Severe complications after bilateral IIA embolization are uncommon. Although buttock/thigh claudication occurs in around 30% of patients soon after the procedure, this resolves in the majority after 1 year. There is no obvious benefit for sequential versus simultaneous IIA embolization in our series. Occlusion of the proximal IIA trunk is associated with reduced complications compared with occlusion of the distal IIA.

  18. Epistaxis and pituitary apoplexy due to ruptured internal carotid artery aneurysm embedded within pituitary adenoma

    PubMed Central

    Peng, Zesheng; Tian, Daofeng; Wang, Hongliu; Kong, Derek Kai; Zhang, Shenqi; Liu, Baohui; Deng, Gang; Xu, Zhou; Wu, Liquan; Ji, Baowei; Wang, Long; Cai, Qiang; Li, Mingchang; Wang, Junmin; Zhang, Aimin; Chen, Qianxue

    2015-01-01

    Epistaxis due to ruptured internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm embedded within a pituitary adenoma (PA) has seldom been reported in the literature. Here we want to elaborate the incidence, mechanisms, clinical manifestations, and treatment strategy for this condition. The first survived case of a patient with epistaxis and pituitary apoplexy due to ruptured aneurysm embedded within PA was reported and the literature was reviewed. A 53-year-old male patient presented to our institution with sudden onset epistaxis and progressive vision loss. Neurological examination revealed bilateral ptosis and dilated unresponsive pupils. A CT scan showed a large mass in the pituitary fossa with bony erosion. MRI revealed a large pituitary tumor and abnormal signal intensity in the tumor. No aneurysm was noted during the pre-operative MR angiography. Abundant arterial bleeding suddenly occurred during urgent transsphenoidal surgery. Digital subtraction angiography confirmed the presence of a 14 mm unexpected saccular aneurysm of right ICA in the cavernous sinus with the dome protruding into the sella turcica. Balloon test occlusion of the right ICA was undertaken and permanent occlusion was performed. The patient recovered well and received bromocriptine and thyroid hormone replacement therapy during the follow-up period. At 14-month followup, the patient had no neurological deficits, no features of ischaemia relating to the right ICA therapeutic occlusion. Our case indicated that epistaxis and pituitary apoplexy could be due to the rupture of an ICA aneurysm embedded in a PA. Clinical suspicion should remain high when evaluating any case of epistaxis and pituitary apoplexy. Optimal treatment should take into consideration individual features of the tumor, aneurysm, and patient. Making the correct diagnosis as well as identifying an appropriate management strategy is critical in the care of such patients. PMID:26823732

  19. Single-center experience on endovascular reconstruction of traumatic internal carotid artery dissections.

    PubMed

    Cohen, José E; Gomori, John M; Itshayek, Eyal; Spektor, Sergey; Shoshan, Yigal; Rosenthal, Guy; Moscovici, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    Traumatic internal carotid artery dissection (CAD) has a potentially grave outcome. Anticoagulant therapy may be ineffective or contraindicated; surgery impractical. We present our experience with endovascular stenting in CAD patients. From 2004 to 2011, 23 patients with angiographically proven traumatic CAD underwent endovascular stent-assisted arterial reconstruction based on clinical and radiographic criteria: contraindication or failure of anticoagulation, evidence of impending ischemic stroke, or need for urgent intracranial revascularization. Dissections were graded based on degree of stenosis and extent of injury. Seventeen patients (73.9%) presented with stroke or transient ischemic attack. Carotid revascularization was achieved with one (11 patients, 48%) or multiple stents (12 patients, 52%); distal protection was used rarely (three patients, 13%). No complications were directly attributed to stenting. Mean dissection-related stenosis improved from 72% ± 28.87% to 4% ± 8.29%. At a mean clinical follow-up of 28.7 months ± 31.9 months, 16 patients (69.6%) improved, six (26.1%) remained stable, and one (4.3%) had died secondary to multiple traumatic injuries. At long-term follow-up, no patient had a transient ischemic attack or stroke or presented evidence of de novo in-stent stenosis or stent thrombosis. There were no neurologic sequelae after partial or total discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy in seven patients undergoing trauma-related surgeries. Selected cases of traumatic CAD can be safely managed by endovascular stent-assisted angioplasty. Procedural complications are infrequent; the need for postprocedure antiplatelet therapy is a concern. Early detection is essential to avoid stroke. Stenting restores the integrity of the vessel lumen immediately, efficiently prevents the occurrence or recurrence of ischemic events, and avoids the need of long-term anticoagulation.

  20. Hemodynamic Significance of Internal Carotid or Middle Cerebral Artery Stenosis Detected on Magnetic Resonance Angiography

    PubMed Central

    Seo, Hyo Jung; Pagsisihan, Jefferson R.; Choi, Seung Hong; Cheon, Gi Jeong; Chung, June-Key; Lee, Dong Soo; Kang, Keon Wook

    2015-01-01

    Purpose We evaluated hemodynamic significance of stenosis on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) using acetazolamide perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Materials and Methods Of 171 patients, stenosis in internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) (ICA-MCA) on MRA and cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) of MCA territory on SPECT was measured using quantification and a 3-grade system. Stenosis and CVR grades were compared with each other, and their prognostic value for subsequent stroke was evaluated. Results Of 342 ICA-MCA, 151 (44%) presented stenosis on MRA; grade 1 in 69 (20%) and grade 2 in 82 (24%) cases. Decreased CVR was observed in 9% of grade 0 stenosis, 25% of grade 1, and 35% of grade 2. The average CVR of grade 0 was significantly different from grade 1 (p<0.001) and grade 2 stenosis (p=0.007). In quantitative analysis, average CVR index was -0.56±7.91 in grade 0, -1.81±6.66 in grade 1 and -1.18±5.88 in grade 2 stenosis. Agreement between stenosis and CVR grades was fair in patients with lateralizing and non-lateralizing symptoms (κ=0.230 and 0.346). Of the factors tested, both MRA and CVR were not significant prognostic factors (p=0.104 and 0.988, respectively), whereas hypertension and renal disease were significant factors (p<0.05, respectively). Conclusion A considerable proportion of ICA-MCA stenosis detected on MRA does not cause CVR impairment despite a fair correlation between them. Thus, hemodynamic state needs to be assessed for evaluating significance of stenosis, particularly in asymptomatic patients. PMID:26446655

  1. Sex-based Prognostic Implications of Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease: Results from the International Multicenter CONFIRM Study

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, Carolyn M.; Gransar, Heidi; Shaw, Leslee J.; Ahmadi, Amir; Thompson, Angus; Humphries, Karin; Berman, Daniel S.; Hausleiter, Jörg; Achenbach, Stephan; Al-Mallah, Mouaz; Budoff, Matthew J.; Cademartiri, Fillippo; Callister, Tracy Q.; Chang, Hyuk-Jae; Chow, Benjamin J. W.; Cury, Ricardo C.; Delago, Augustin J.; Dunning, Allison L.; Feuchtner, Gudrun M.; Hadamitzky, Martin; Kaufmann, Philipp A.; Lin, Fay Y.; Chinnaiyan, Kavitha M.; Maffei, Erica; Raff, Gilbert L.; Villines, Todd C.; Gomez, Millie J.; Min, James K.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To determine the clinical outcomes of women and men with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CADcoronary artery disease) with coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography data in patients who were similar in terms of CADcoronary artery disease risk factors, angina typicality, and CADcoronary artery disease extent and distribution. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was obtained for all participating sites, with either informed consent or waiver of informed consent. In a prospective international multicenter cohort study of 27 125 patients undergoing coronary CT angiography at 12 centers, 18 158 patients with no CADcoronary artery disease or nonobstructive (<50% stenosis) CADcoronary artery disease were examined. Men and women were propensity matched for age, CADcoronary artery disease risk factors, angina typicality, and CADcoronary artery disease extent and distribution, which resulted in a final cohort of 11 462 subjects. Nonobstructive CADcoronary artery disease presence and extent were related to incident major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEmajor adverse cardiovascular events), which were inclusive of death and myocardial infarction and were estimated by using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. Results At a mean follow-up ± standard deviation of 2.3 years ± 1.1, MACEmajor adverse cardiovascular events occurred in 164 patients (0.6% annual event rate). After matching, women and men experienced identical annualized rates of myocardial infarction (0.2% vs 0.2%, P = .72), death (0.5% vs 0.5%, P = .98), and MACEmajor adverse cardiovascular events (0.6% vs 0.6%, P = .94). In multivariable analysis, nonobstructive CADcoronary artery disease was associated with similarly increased MACEmajor adverse cardiovascular events for both women (hazard ratio: 1.96 [95% confidence interval {CIconfidence interval}: 1.17, 3.28], P = .01) and men (hazard ratio: 1.77 [95% CIconfidence interval: 1.07, 2.93], P = .03). Conclusion

  2. Successful Coil Embolization of Pediatric Carotid Cavernous Fistula Due to Ruptured Posttraumatic Giant Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Wajima, Daisuke; Nakagawa, Ichiro; Park, Hun Soo; Yokoyama, Shohei; Wada, Takeshi; Kichikawa, Kimihiko; Nakase, Hiroyuki

    2017-02-01

    The goal of the treatment of direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is to occlude the arteriovenous shunt and to preserve the patency of the concerned internal carotid artery. However, for the ipsilateral posttraumatic fragile cerebrum, coil embolization plus parent artery occlusion for the high-flow direct CCF is better for the prevention of hyperperfusion syndrome and intracranial hemorrhage. We experienced such a case and managed it successfully. A 6-year-old boy had severe head trauma caused by being hit by a car. He was transferred to our department and diagnosed as having left acute subdural hematoma and acute brain swelling. Emergent evacuation of hematoma and external decompression were performed. He was treated for severe brain swelling in the intensive care unit for 2 months. Cranioplasty was performed 3 months after the injury. His right hemiparesis and aphasia persisted, so he was transferred to a rehabilitation hospital. However, 2 years after the head injury, he was referred to our department because of abducens nerve palsy. He was diagnosed as having a symptomatic posttraumatic direct CCF, which was caused by a ruptured left cavernous giant internal carotid artery aneurysm. The direct CCF was treated with coil embolization of the giant aneurysm and parent artery occlusion. Coil embolization of the aneurysm and parent artery occlusion for the posttraumatic direct CCF was a good option to manage the abducens nerve palsy and to prevent postoperative hyperperfusion. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Endovascular exclusion of hypogastric aneurysms using distal branches of the internal iliac artery as landing zone. A case-series.

    PubMed

    Mario, D'Oria; Marco, Pipitone; Giada, Sgorlon; Stefano, Chiarandini; Alice, Rotelli; Filippo, Griselli

    2017-09-07

    To report an alternative endovascular technique to exclude aneurysms of the internal iliac artery in the setting of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease using the anterior division of the hypogastric artery (HGA) or the superior gluteal artery (SGA) as distal landing zone for the stent-graft. 3 patients with hypogastric artery (HGA) aneurysms in the setting of AAA that were excluded with placement of a self-expandable covered stent (SECS). In two patients the AAA had been already treated with resulting exclusion of one hypogastric artery,while in the remaining we treated the hypogastric aneurysm before the AAA. We used as distal landing zone the anterior division of the HGA or the superior gluteal artery (SGA). We adopted a "stent-within-a-stent" or "telescope" technique to manage diameter discrepancy between proximal and distal landing zone. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) at 6 and 12 months showed regular placement and patency of the stent-grafts placed and absence of detectable endoleaks. None of the patients developed pelvic ischemic complication at longest follow-up. The procedure seems to be safe and effective, with optimal primary patency of the stent-grafts, freedom from type 1 and 2 endoleaks and absence of pelvic ischemic complications in the short- and mid-term. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Endovascular Management of Long-Segmental Petrocavernous Internal Carotid Artery (Carotid S) Occlusion

    PubMed Central

    Park, Soonchan; Park, Eun Suk; Kwak, Jae Hyuk; Lee, Dong-Geun; Suh, Dae Chul; Kwon, Sun U.; Lee, Deok Hee

    2015-01-01

    Background and Purpose Long-segmental thrombotic occlusion of the distal internal carotid artery (ICA) sparing the cervical segment proximally and the supraclinoid segment distally, which could be termed ’Carotid S occlusion’, has an unusual clinical presentation. However, endovascular management of this lesion is challenging. The purpose of our study is to report our endovascular treatment clinical experience of the disease. Methods From March 2008 to June 2013, we could identify 14 patients (average age: 62.1, median age: 62, range: 50-79) with ‘Carotid S occlusion’, who underwent endovascular recanalization procedures. Patient’s clinical presentations were collected and the imaging findings also analyzed. The technical success rate, 24-hour and follow-up imaging outcome, and the clinical outcome using the 90-day mRS (modified Rankin scale) score were evaluated. Results Patients presented with gradually progressing (n = 8), fluctuating (n = 3), transient ischemic attack (n = 2) and stationary (n = 1) symptoms. DWI showed internal and external border-zone lesions in six patients, only internal ICA border-zone lesions in three patients, and only external border-zone lesions in two patients. Underlying distal ICA stenosis was noted in 12 patients. The technical success rate was 92.8% (13/14). Luminal patency was noted in all patients (100%) after 24 hours and in nine of 10 (90%) on long-term follow-up (median: 6.5, average: 15.1, range: 1-39 months). A 90-day, good functional outcome (mRS ≤ 2) was noted in 13 of 14 patients (92.8%). Conclusions ‘Carotid S occlusion’ usually presented with border-zone infarction and endovascular management of the lesions was feasible. A relatively successful clinical outcome could be achieved after successful revascularization. PMID:26437999

  5. Introduction of arteriovenous grafts with graft insertion anastomosis for hemodialysis access.

    PubMed

    Hatakeyama, Takuya; Okamoto, Hiroyuki; Nakazawa, Tatsu; Nonaka, Tatsuya; Sasaki, Sei; Hoshino, Masanobu

    2017-09-01

    An arteriovenous bridging graft is a viable option for patients with compromised arteries or veins because of advanced age or diabetes. Arteriovenous graft with graft insertion anastomosis (AVGI) is the novel technique for graft-vein anastomosis where the prosthesis is inserted into the vein, and the anastomosis is performed on the surface of the prosthesis. This study assessed the short-term and long-term results of AVGI to clarify the efficacy of this technique. Between 2010 and 2015, AVGI was performed in graft-vein anastomosis of prosthetic forearm loop access. Characteristics and level of complications were assessed. To evaluate the long-term results, functional graft patency and frequency of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty were examined. The study comprised 58 patients. There were no deaths related to the surgery. The time of hemostasis after AVGI was recorded at 0 seconds because no bleeding from the suture holes was seen. At 1, 2, and 3 years, primary patency were 45.1% ± 7.5%, 23.1% ± 7.5%, and 23.1% ± 7.5%, respectively, and assisted primary patency rates were 59.4% ± 7.2%, 50.8% ± 7.6%, and 50.8% ± 7.6%, respectively. Secondary patency rates at 4 and 5 years were 100% ± 0% and 94.1% ± 5.7%, respectively. The frequency of percutaneous balloon angioplasty to maintain the patency was 1.61 ± 0.53 times per year. Graft infection occurred in four patients (6.9%). AVGI is an advantageous technique for graft vein anastomosis in an arteriovenous bridging graft in both the short-term and long-term. Copyright © 2017 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Evaluation of a Novel Thermosensitive Heparin-Poloxamer Hydrogel for Improving Vascular Anastomosis Quality and Safety in a Rabbit Model

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Cui-Tao; Chen, Li-Juan; Lin, Min; Zhang, Ming; Jiang, Xi; Shen, Xiao-Tong; Jin, Rong-Rong; Cai, Jun; Tian, Xin-Qiao; Wong, Ho Lun

    2013-01-01

    Despite progress in the design of advanced surgical techniques, stenosis recurs in a large percentage of vascular anastomosis. In this study, a novel heparin-poloxamer (HP) hydrogel was designed and its effects for improving the quality and safety of vascular anastomosis were studied. HP copolymer was synthesized and its structure was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR). Hydrogels containing HP were prepared and their important characteristics related to the application in vascular anastomosis including gelation temperature, rheological behaviour and micromorphology were measured. Vascular anastomosis were performed on the right common carotid arteries of rabbits, and the in vivo efficiency and safety of HP hydrogel to achieve vascular anastomosis was verified and compared with Poloxamer 407 hydrogel and the conventional hand-sewn method using Doppler ultrasound, CT angiograms, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and histological technique. Our results showed that HP copolymer displayed special gel-sol-gel phase transition behavior with increasing temperature from 5 to 60 °C. HP hydrogel prepared from 18 wt% HP solution had a porous sponge-like structure, with gelation temperature at approximately 38 °C and maximum elastic modulus at 10,000 Pa. In animal studies, imaging and histological examination of rabbit common jugular artery confirmed that HP hydrogel group had similar equivalent patency, flow and burst strength as Poloxamer 407 group. Moreover, HP hydrogel was superior to poloxamer 407 hydrogel and hand-sewn method for restoring the functions and epithelial structure of the broken vessel junctions after operation. By combining the advantages of heparin and poloxamer 407, HP hydrogel holds high promise for improving vascular anastomosis quality and safety. PMID:24015296

  7. [Results of using composite bypass grafts with infragenicular distal anastomosis].

    PubMed

    Pokrovskiĭ, A V; Iakhontov, D I

    2014-01-01

    The authors share herein their experience with composite bypass grafts and PTFE synthetic prostheses used for treatment of obliterating diseases of the infrainguinal-segment arteries. The data of the study were based on the outcomes obtained in 92 patients. The authors assessed the condition of the outflow pathways and their effect on patency of composite bypass grafts in the immediate and remote postoperative periods, followed by comparative analysis of the short- and long-term therapeutic outcomes after using composite bypass grafts and PTFE synthetic prostheses in the infragenicular position for femoropopliteal and femorotibial reconstructions, also assessing the effect of the localization of the distal anastomosis on the immediate and remote therapeutic outcomes. Based on the obtained findings it was determined that the immediate results of patency depended upon the state of the outflow pathways and localization of the distal anastomosis. Thus, by the 1st, 3rd and 5th year of follow up patency of transplants in patients with the runoff score less than 7.0 amounted to 78.3, 21.7 and 4.3%, respectively. Analogous indices of patency in patients with the runoff score equalling or greater than 7.0 amounted to 60.7 and 3.6% for the 1st and 3rd year, respectively. The remote results of patency turned out to depend on the type of a vascular transplant and the state of the outflow pathways and did not depend on the localization of the distal anastomosis. Thus, the remote results of patency for the composite bypass graft for the 1st, 3rd and 5th year of follow up amounted to 74.5, 19.6 and 5.9%, respectively, versus 60.8 and 8.6% by the first and third year for the PTFE prosthesis. The limb salvage rate at the same terms for the composite bypass graft amounted to 94.1, 84.3 and 78.4% versus 73.9, 56.5 and 52.2% for the PTFE prosthesis.

  8. Physiologic Functional Evaluation of Left Internal Mammary Artery Graft to Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery Steal due to Unligated First Thoracic Branch in a Case of Refractory Angina

    PubMed Central

    Sawaya, Fadi J.; Liberman, Henry; Devireddy, Chandan

    2016-01-01

    Unligated side branches of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) have been described in the literature as a cause of coronary steal resulting in angina. Despite a number of studies reporting successful side branch embolization to relieve symptoms, this phenomenon remains controversial. Hemodynamic evidence of coronary steal using angiographic and intravascular Doppler techniques has been supported by some and rejected by others. In this case study using an intracoronary Doppler wire with adenosine, we demonstrate that a trial occlusion of the LIMA thoracic side branch with selective balloon inflation can confirm physiologic significant steal and whether coil embolization of the side branch is indicated. PMID:26981289

  9. Asymptomatic internal carotid artery occlusion after gamma knife radiosurgery for pituitary adenoma: Report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Spatola, Giorgio; Frosio, Laura; Losa, Marco; Del Vecchio, Antonella; Piloni, Martina; Mortini, Pietro

    2016-01-01

    Gamma knife radiosurgery is an effective and safe treatment modality in the management of pituitary adenomas. Internal carotid occlusion is a rare but possible complication of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for lesions within the cavernous sinus. To stress the importance of considering the Internal carotid artery as an organ at risk in cavernous sinus invading adenomas and reduce the dose delivered to this structure whenever possible. We report two cases of asymptomatic occlusion of the intracavernous segment of the internal carotid artery seven years after treatment in acromegalic patients. After trans-sphenoidal surgery, residual tumour was treated with gamma knife radiosurgery. The maximal doses to the affected artery were higher than 40 Gy and the 90% isodose was close to the arterial wall. Every effort should be done to minimize the radiation dose to the internal carotid artery. If not possible, "hot spots" exceeding the 90% isodose close to this vessel should be avoided.

  10. Computed Tomographic Distinction of Intimal and Medial Calcification in the Intracranial Internal Carotid Artery

    PubMed Central

    Vos, Annelotte; Van Hecke, Wim; Vink, Aryan; Bleys, Ronald L. A. W.; Verdoorn, Daphne; Mali, Willem P. Th. M.; Hendrikse, Jeroen; Koek, Huiberdina L.; de Jong, Pim A.; De Vis, Jill B.

    2017-01-01

    Background Intracranial internal carotid artery (iICA) calcification is associated with stroke and is often seen as a proxy of atherosclerosis of the intima. However, it was recently shown that these calcifications are predominantly located in the tunica media and internal elastic lamina (medial calcification). Intimal and medial calcifications are thought to have a different pathogenesis and clinical consequences and can only be distinguished through ex vivo histological analysis. Therefore, our aim was to develop CT scoring method to distinguish intimal and medial iICA calcification in vivo. Methods First, in both iICAs of 16 cerebral autopsy patients the intimal and/or medial calcification area was histologically assessed (142 slides). Brain CT images of these patients were matched to the corresponding histological slides to develop a CT score that determines intimal or medial calcification dominance. Second, performance of the CT score was assessed in these 16 patients. Third, reproducibility was tested in a separate cohort. Results First, CT features of the score were circularity (absent, dot(s), <90°, 90–270° or 270–360°), thickness (absent, ≥1.5mm, or <1.5mm), and morphology (indistinguishable, irregular/patchy or continuous). A high sum of features represented medial and a lower sum intimal calcifications. Second, in the 16 patients the concordance between the CT score and the dominant calcification type was reasonable. Third, the score showed good reproducibility (kappa: 0.72 proportion of agreement: 0.82) between the categories intimal, medial or absent/indistinguishable. Conclusions The developed CT score shows good reproducibility and can differentiate reasonably well between intimal and medial calcification dominance in the iICA, allowing for further (epidemiological) studies on iICA calcification. PMID:28060941

  11. Endovascular Treatment of Internal Iliac Artery Stenosis in Patients with Buttock Claudication

    PubMed Central

    Prince, Jip F.; Smits, Maarten L. J.; van Herwaarden, Joost A.; Arntz, Mark J.; Vonken, Evert-Jan P. A.; van den Bosch, Maurice A. A. J.; de Borst, Gert Jan

    2013-01-01

    Aim To assess the technical feasibility and clinical outcome of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with and without stent placement for treatment of buttock claudication caused by internal iliac artery (IIA) stenosis. Methods Between September 2001 and July 2011, thirty-four patients with buttock claudication underwent endovascular treatment. After angiographic lesion evaluation PTA with or without stent placement was performed. Technical success was recorded. Clinical outcome post-treatment was assessed at three months post-intervention and was classified as: 1) complete relief of symptoms, 2) partial relief, or 3) no relief of symptoms. Complications during follow-up were recorded. Results Forty-four lesions in 34 symptomatic patients were treated with PTA. Eight lesions were treated with additional stent placement. Technical success was achieved in 40/44 lesions (91%). Three procedure-related minor complications occurred, i.e. asymptomatic conservatively treated intimal dissections. After a median of 2.9 months, patients experienced no relief of symptoms in 7/34 cases (21%), partial relief in 14/34 cases (41%), and complete relief in 13/34 cases (38%). Six patients required a reintervention during follow-up. Conclusion Endovascular treatment of IIA stenosis has a high technical success rate and a low complication rate. Complete or partial relief of symptoms is achieved in the majority (79%) of patients. PMID:23951349

  12. Quantitative analysis of anatomical relationship between cavernous segment internal carotid artery and pituitary macroadenoma

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Bon-Jour; Chung, Tzu-Tsao; Lin, Meng-Chi; Lin, Chin; Hueng, Dueng-Yuan; Chen, Yuan-Hao; Hsia, Chung-Ching; Ju, Da-Tong; Ma, Hsin-I; Liu, Ming-Ying; Tang, Chi-Tun

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Cavernous segment internal carotid artery (CSICA) injury during endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary tumor is rare but fatal. The aim of this study is to investigate anatomical relationship between pituitary macroadenoma and corresponding CSICA using quantitative means with a sense to improve safety of surgery. In this retrospective study, a total of 98 patients with nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas undergoing endoscopic transsphenoidal surgeries were enrolled from 2005 to 2014. Intercarotid distances between bilateral CSICAs were measured in the 4 coronal levels, namely optic strut, convexity of carotid prominence, median sella turcica, and dorsum sellae. Parasellar extension was graded and recorded by Knosp–Steiner classification. Our findings indicated a linear relationship between size of pituitary macroadenoma and intercarotid distance over CSICA. The correlation was absent in pituitary macroadenoma with Knosp–Steiner grade 4 parasellar extension. Bigger pituitary macroadenoma makes more lateral deviation of CSICA. While facing larger tumor, sufficient bony graft is indicated for increasing surgical field, working area and operative safety. PMID:27741111

  13. Embolization of the Internal Iliac Artery: Cost-Effectiveness of Two Different Techniques

    SciTech Connect

    Pellerin, Olivier; Caruba, Thibaud; Kandounakis, Yanis; Novelli, Luigi; Pineau, Judith; Prognon, Patrice; Sapoval, Marc

    2008-11-15

    The purpose of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of coils versus the Amplatzer Vascular Plug (AVP) for occlusion of the internal iliac artery (IAA). Between 2002 and January 2006, 13 patients (mean age 73 {+-} 13 years) were referred for stent-grafting of abdominal aortic aneurysm (n = 6); type I distal endoleak (n = 3), isolated iliac aneurysm (n = 3), or rupture of a common iliac aneurysm (n = 1). In all patients, extension of the stent-graft was needed because the distal neck was absent. Two different techniques were used to occlude the IIA: AVP in seven patients (group A) and coil embolization in six patients (group C). Immediate results and direct material costs were assessed retrospectively. Immediate success was achieved in all patients, and simultaneous stent-grafting was successfully performed in two of six patients in group C versus five of seven patients in group A. In all group A patients, a single AVP was sufficient to achieve occlusion of the IIA, accounting for a mean cost of 485 Euro , whereas in group C patients, an average of 7 {+-} 3 coils were used, accounting for a mean cost of 1,745 Euro . Mean average cost savings using the AVP was 1,239 Euro . When IIA occlusion is needed, the AVP allows a single-step procedure at significant cost savings.

  14. Internal Carotid Artery Blister-Like Aneurysm Caused by Aspergillus – Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Ogawa, Masaki; Sakurai, Keita; Kawaguchi, Takatsune; Naiki-Ito, Aya; Nakagawa, Motoo; Okita, Kenji; Matsukawa, Noriyuki; Shibamoto, Yuta

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background Blister-like aneurysm of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) is a well-documented cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Generally, this type of aneurysm is associated with various conditions such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and ICA dissection. Although Aspergillus is the most common organism causing intracranial fungal aneurysmal formation, there is no report of a blister-like aneurysm caused by Aspergillus infection. Case Report An 83-year-old man received corticosteroid pulse therapy followed by oral steroid therapy for an inflammatory pseudotumor of the clivus. Two months later, the patient was transported to an emergency department due to the diffuse subarachnoid hemorrhage, classified as Fisher group 4. Subsequent 3D computed tomography angiogram revealed a blister-like aneurysm at the superior wall of the left ICA. Six days later, the patient died of subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by the left ICA aneurysm rerupture. Autopsy revealed proliferation of Aspergillus hyphae in the wall of the aneurysm. Notably, that change was present more densely in the inner membrane than in the outer one. Thus, it was considered that Aspergillus hyphae caused infectious aneurysm formation in the left ICA via hematogenous seeding rather than direct invasion. Conclusions The blister-like aneurysm is a rare but important cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. This case report documents another cause of blister-like aneurysms, that is an infectious aneurysm associated with Aspergillus infection. PMID:25848441

  15. Selective internal radiation therapy of hepatic tumors: procedural implications of a patent hepatic falciform artery.

    PubMed

    Schelhorn, Juliane; Ertle, Judith; Schlaak, Joerg F; Mueller, Stefan; Bockisch, Andreas; Schlosser, Thomas; Lauenstein, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) using 90-yttrium is a local therapy for unresectable liver malignancies. Non-targeted 90-yttrium diversion via a patent hepatic falciform artery (HFA) is seen as risk for periprocedural complications. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of a patent HFA on SIRT. 606 patients with SIRT between 2006 and 2012 were evaluated retrospectively. SIRT preparation was performed by digital subtraction angiography including (99m)Tc-HSAM administration and subsequent SPECT/CT. Patients with an angiographically patent HFA were analyzed for procedural consequences and complications. 19 of 606 patients (3%) with an angiographically patent HFA were identified. Only 11 of these 19 patients received 90-yttrium in the hepatic vessel bed containing the HFA. Initial coil embolization of the HFA succeeded only in three of 11 patients. Out of the eight remaining patients four had no abdominal wall (99m)Tc-HSAM accumulation. The other four patients presented with an abdominal wall (99m)Tc-HSAM accumulation, for those a reattempt of HFA embolization was performed or ice packs were administered on the abdominal wall during SIRT. In summary, all patients tolerated SIRT well. A patent HFA should not be considered a SIRT contraindication. In patients with abdominal wall (99m)Tc-HSAM accumulation HFA embolization or ice pack administration seems to prevent complications.

  16. Covered Stent-Graft Treatment of Traumatic Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysms: A Review

    SciTech Connect

    Maras, Dimitrios; Lioupis, Christos Magoufis, George; Tsamopoulos, Nikolaos; Moulakakis, Konstantinos; Andrikopoulos, Vasilios

    2006-12-15

    Objective. To review the literature concerning the management with placement of covered stent-grafts of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) resulting from penetrating craniocervical injuries or skull base fractures. Method. We have reviewed, from the Medline database, all the published cases in the English literature since 1990 and we have added a new case. Results. We identified 20 patients with traumatic extracranial ICA pseudoaneurysms due to penetrating craniocervical injuries or skull base fractures who had been treated with covered stent-graft implantation. Many discrepancies have been ascertained regarding the anticoagulation therapy. In 3 patients the ICA was totally occluded in the follow-up period, giving an overall occlusion rate 15%. No serious complication was reported as a result of the endovascular procedure. Conclusion. Preliminary results suggest that placement of stent-grafts is a safe and effective method of treating ICA traumatic pseudoaneurysms resulting from penetrating craniocervical injuries or skull base fractures. The immediate results are satisfactory when the procedure takes place with appropriate anticoagulation therapy. The periprocedural morbidity and mortality and the early patency are also acceptable. A surveillance program with appropriate interventions to manage restenosis may improve the long-term patency.

  17. Quantitative analysis of anatomical relationship between cavernous segment internal carotid artery and pituitary macroadenoma.

    PubMed

    Lin, Bon-Jour; Chung, Tzu-Tsao; Lin, Meng-Chi; Lin, Chin; Hueng, Dueng-Yuan; Chen, Yuan-Hao; Hsia, Chung-Ching; Ju, Da-Tong; Ma, Hsin-I; Liu, Ming-Ying; Tang, Chi-Tun

    2016-10-01

    Cavernous segment internal carotid artery (CSICA) injury during endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary tumor is rare but fatal. The aim of this study is to investigate anatomical relationship between pituitary macroadenoma and corresponding CSICA using quantitative means with a sense to improve safety of surgery.In this retrospective study, a total of 98 patients with nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas undergoing endoscopic transsphenoidal surgeries were enrolled from 2005 to 2014. Intercarotid distances between bilateral CSICAs were measured in the 4 coronal levels, namely optic strut, convexity of carotid prominence, median sella turcica, and dorsum sellae. Parasellar extension was graded and recorded by Knosp-Steiner classification.Our findings indicated a linear relationship between size of pituitary macroadenoma and intercarotid distance over CSICA. The correlation was absent in pituitary macroadenoma with Knosp-Steiner grade 4 parasellar extension.Bigger pituitary macroadenoma makes more lateral deviation of CSICA. While facing larger tumor, sufficient bony graft is indicated for increasing surgical field, working area and operative safety.

  18. Anatomical nuances of the internal carotid artery in relation to the quadrangular space.

    PubMed

    Dolci, Ricardo L L; Ditzel Filho, Leo F S; Goulart, Carlos R; Upadhyay, Smita; Buohliqah, Lamia; Lazarini, Paulo R; Prevedello, Daniel M; Carrau, Ricardo L

    2017-02-24

    OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomical variations of the internal carotid artery (ICA) in relation to the quadrangular space (QS) and to propose a classification system based on the results. METHODS A total of 44 human cadaveric specimens were dissected endonasally under direct endoscopic visualization. During the dissection, the anatomical variations of the ICA and their relationship with the QS were noted. RESULTS The space between the paraclival ICAs (i.e., intercarotid space) can be classified as 1 of 3 different shapes (i.e., trapezoid, square, or hourglass) based on the trajectory of the ICAs. The ICA trajectories also directly influence the volumetric area of the QS. Based on its geometry, the QS was classified as one of the following: 1) Type A has the smallest QS area and is associated with a trapezoid intercarotid space, 2) Type B corresponds to the expected QS area (not minimized or enlarged) and is associated with a square intercarotid space, and 3) Type C has the largest QS area and is associated with an hourglass intercarotid space. CONCLUSIONS The different trajectories of the ICAs can modify the area of the QS and may be an essential parameter to consider for preoperative planning and defining the most appropriate corridor to reach Meckel's cave. In addition, ICA trajectories should be considered prior to surgery to avoid injuring the vessels.

  19. Internal iliac artery ligation for severe postpartum hemorrhage and severe hemorrhage after postpartum hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Camuzcuoglu, Hakan; Toy, Harun; Vural, Mehmet; Yildiz, Fahrettin; Aydin, Halef

    2010-06-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of internal iliac artery (IIA) ligation performed for severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). Thirty-three women who underwent IIA ligation to control PPH in a tertiary referral center between June 2007 and May 2009 were included in this retrospective analysis. IIA ligation was performed as the primary surgical intervention or to control bleeding following hysterectomy. The 33 women underwent IIA ligation due to uterine atony (n = 22), placenta previa accreta/increta/percreta (n = 5), uterine rupture (n = 4), and placental abruption (n = 2). Twenty-four women underwent IIA ligation as the primary surgical intervention. IIA ligation resulted in control of bleeding in 18/24 women (75%), and only 6/24 women (25%) showed unsuccessful management of bleeding with IIA ligation. In the six women for whom the bleeding was not controlled with IIA ligation, hysterectomy was urgently performed before closure of the abdomen. After obtaining adequate hemostasis with IIA ligation, no women required relaparotomy in the postoperative period. Nine women with persistent bleeding following hysterectomy were also treated with IIA ligation. In our study, there were no intraoperative or postoperative complications related to the procedure. IIA ligation may be an effective and safe treatment option to arrest severe PPH. This procedure may also be useful to arrest persistent hemorrhage after hysterectomy. Increased understanding of the retroperitoneal anatomy is needed to reduce the risk of intraoperative and postoperative serious complications.

  20. Right Internal Jugular Vein Cannulation: Carotid Artery-directed versus Sternocleidomastoid-directed Methods.

    PubMed

    Yu, Zhao-Yan; Yuan, Ping; Pan, Yang; Zhang, Zhong-Min

    2016-02-01

    The aim of the present study was to explore a simple and safe method for central venous catheterization (CVC) from the right internal jugular vein (RIJV) by comparing carotid artery (CA) positioning with sternocleidomastoid (SCM) positioning. The medical records of patients who underwent CVC between January 2011 and January 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Central venous catheters were inserted into the RIJV either above the level of the cricoid cartilage using the CA-directed method (419 patients, Group 1) or below the level of the cricoid cartilage using the SCM-directed method (436 patients, Group 2). Success rate and related complications of catheterization were evaluated in the two groups. The total success rate of RIJV cannulation in Group 1 (97.2%) was higher than that in Group 2 (94.5%). Moreover, the success rate at first attempt was significantly higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 (92.4% vs 86.9%). The incidence of hematoma was 1.6 per cent in Group 1 and 3.8 per cent in Group 2. The rate of other complications such as pneumothorax, catheter-related infections, and catheter occlusion did not significantly differ between the groups. In conclusions, CA-directed RIJV cannulation is more effective and simple to perform than the SCM-directed method, and should become the preferred CVC technique in the absence of ultrasound guidance.

  1. Endovascular Treatment of Internal Carotid and Vertebral Artery Aneurysms Using a Novel Pericardium Covered Stent

    PubMed Central

    Vulev, I.; Klepanec, A.; Bazik, R.; Balazs, T.; Illes, R.; Steno, J.

    2012-01-01

    Summary Intracranial aneurysm is a fairly common (often asymptomatic) condition. Subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with aneurysmal rupture is a potentially lethal event with a mortality rate as high as 50 percent and a high rate of disability among those who survive the initial hemorrhage, such that recently published guidelines support treatment of intracerebral aneurysms. The current treatment options include surgical clipping and endovascular treatment, but these are not without significant problems. Despite the trend toward endovascular treatment the rate of recurrence and complications is high. Current published evidence of the use of covered stent is limited to stents covered with polytetrafluoroethylene. It is now recognized that mammalian extracellular matrix represents an excellent scaffold material suitable for many therapeutic applications and glutaraldehyde treated pericardium has been widely used for many years due to its desirable features such as low immunogenicity and durability. This report describes the first published experience with the Aneugraft Pericardium Covered Stent (ITGI Medical, OR Akiva, Israel) in the treatment of internal carotid and vertebral artery aneurysms in three patients. In all three cases, the implantation of this novel device has resulted in successful closure of aneurysms. PMID:22681731

  2. Embolization of an Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysm after Image-Guided Direct Puncture

    SciTech Connect

    Heye, S. Vaninbroukx, J.; Daenens, K.; Houthoofd, S.; Maleux, G.

    2012-08-15

    Objective: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of embolization of internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA) after percutaneous direct puncture under (cone-beam) computed tomography (CT) guidance. Methods: A retrospective case series of three patients, in whom IIAA not accessible by way of the transarterial route, was reviewed. CT-guided puncture of the IIAA sac was performed in one patient. Two patients underwent puncture of the IIAA under cone-beam CT guidance. Results: Access to the IIAA sac was successful in all three patients. In two of the three patients, the posterior and/or anterior division was first embolized using platinum microcoils. The aneurysm sac was embolized with thrombin in one patient and with a mixture of glue and Lipiodol in two patients. No complications were seen. On follow-up CT, no opacification of the aneurysm sac was seen. The volume of one IIAA remained stable at follow-up, and the remaining two IIAAs decreased in size. Conclusion: Embolization of IIAA after direct percutaneous puncture under cone-beam CT/CT-guidance is feasible and safe and results in good short-term outcome.

  3. Internal carotid artery blister-like aneurysm caused by Aspergillus - case report.

    PubMed

    Ogawa, Masaki; Sakurai, Keita; Kawaguchi, Takatsune; Naiki-Ito, Aya; Nakagawa, Motoo; Okita, Kenji; Matsukawa, Noriyuki; Shibamoto, Yuta

    2015-01-01

    Blister-like aneurysm of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) is a well-documented cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Generally, this type of aneurysm is associated with various conditions such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and ICA dissection. Although Aspergillus is the most common organism causing intracranial fungal aneurysmal formation, there is no report of a blister-like aneurysm caused by Aspergillus infection. An 83-year-old man received corticosteroid pulse therapy followed by oral steroid therapy for an inflammatory pseudotumor of the clivus. Two months later, the patient was transported to an emergency department due to the diffuse subarachnoid hemorrhage, classified as Fisher group 4. Subsequent 3D computed tomography angiogram revealed a blister-like aneurysm at the superior wall of the left ICA. Six days later, the patient died of subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by the left ICA aneurysm rerupture. Autopsy revealed proliferation of Aspergillus hyphae in the wall of the aneurysm. Notably, that change was present more densely in the inner membrane than in the outer one. Thus, it was considered that Aspergillus hyphae caused infectious aneurysm formation in the left ICA via hematogenous seeding rather than direct invasion. The blister-like aneurysm is a rare but important cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. This case report documents another cause of blister-like aneurysms, that is an infectious aneurysm associated with Aspergillus infection.

  4. Hemodynamics model of fluid-solid interaction in internal carotid artery aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Bai-Nan, Xu; Fu-Yu, Wang; Lei, Liu; Xiao-Jun, Zhang; Hai-Yue, Ju

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study is to present a relatively simple method to reconstruct cerebral aneurysms as 3D numerical grids. The method accurately duplicates the geometry to provide computer simulations of the blood flow. Initial images were obtained by using CT angiography and 3D digital subtraction angiography in DICOM format. The image was processed by using MIMICS software, and the 3D fluid model (blood flow) and 3D solid model (wall) were generated. The subsequent output was exported to the ANSYS workbench software to generate the volumetric mesh for further hemodynamic study. The fluid model was defined and simulated in CFX software while the solid model was calculated in ANSYS software. The force data calculated firstly in the CFX software were transferred to the ANSYS software, and after receiving the force data, total mesh displacement data were calculated in the ANSYS software. Then, the mesh displacement data were transferred back to the CFX software. The data exchange was processed in workbench software. The results of simulation could be visualized in CFX-post. Two examples of grid reconstruction and blood flow simulation for patients with internal carotid artery aneurysms were presented. The wall shear stress, wall total pressure, and von Mises stress could be visualized. This method seems to be relatively simple and suitable for direct use by neurosurgeons or neuroradiologists, and maybe a practical tool for planning treatment and follow-up of patients after neurosurgical or endovascular interventions with 3D angiography.

  5. Non-invasive evaluation of internal thoracic artery anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery with 320-detector row computed tomography and adenosine thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy.

    PubMed

    Takagi, Yasushi; Akita, Kiyotoshi; Kondo, Hiroshi; Ishida, Michiko; Kaneko, Kan; Sato, Masato; Ando, Motomi