Science.gov

Sample records for inventions program invention

  1. Inventions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzales, Renee; Munguia, Suzanne

    This instructional packet deals with inventions and presents activities that enable students to learn about past inventions and inventors and also create their own inventions in a variety of ways: centers, individual work, and group work. (JRH)

  2. Invention: Contest

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yoon, Jiyoon

    2008-01-01

    The author presents an invention contest to help students document the development process of inventions. By developing an invention, writing an inventor's log, and drawing an invention poster, students experience the whole process of invention and understand how to take their own ideas to the next level. (Contains 2 tables.)

  3. Invention Development Program Helps Nurture NCI at Frederick Technologies | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    The Invention Development Fund (IDF) was piloted by the Technology Transfer Center (TTC) in 2014 to facilitate the commercial development of NCI technologies. The IDF received a second round of funding from the NCI Office of the Director and the Office of Budget and Management to establish the Invention Development Program (IDP) for fiscal year 2016. The IDP is using these funds to help advance a second set of inventions.

  4. Inventing the History of Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molella, Arthur P.

    1988-01-01

    Selected are three pioneers who invented the history of technology: Abbott P. Usher, Lewis Mumford, and Sigfried Giedion. Their careers, publications, and contributions to the history of technology are described. (YP)

  5. Programs in energy conservation: Inventions and Innovation Programs

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-12-01

    DOE's Inventions and Innovation Programs--the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) and the Innovative Concepts Program (ICP)--are a unique federal response to the needs of individual and small businesses with creative ideas that could make a difference in our national use of energy. ERIP was established by Congress in 1974 to focus and nourish the creative powers of American inventors, no matter what the level of sophistication of the technology or its creator. This strategy, developed to recognize the potential contributions inherent in independent inventors and small businesses, has successfully supported innovators whose ideas are not yet attracting private investors but have technical and commercial potential. ERIP is, above all, a process. An unusual feature of the program is its joint operation by DOE and the US Department of Commerce through its National Institute of Standards and Technology, or NIST (formerly NBS, the National Bureau of Standards). This process involves increasing the awareness of ERIP in the community of inventors; NIST performing technical evaluations and feasibility studies; and DOE awarding grants, holding commercialization workshops, and performing periodic program evaluations. These activities are directed toward developing energy-related inventions closer to the stage where the private sector is willing to finance development and commercialization.

  6. Inventing Viruses.

    PubMed

    Summers, William C

    2014-11-01

    In the nineteenth century, "virus" commonly meant an agent (usually unknown) that caused disease in inoculation experiments. By the 1890s, however, some disease-causing agents were found to pass through filters that retained the common bacteria. Such an agent was called "filterable virus," the best known being the virus that caused tobacco mosaic disease. By the 1920s there were many examples of filterable viruses, but no clear understanding of their nature. However, by the 1930s, the term "filterable virus" was being abandoned in favor of simply "virus," meaning an agent other than bacteria. Visualization of viruses by the electron microscope in the late 1930s finally settled their particulate nature. This article describes the ever-changing concept of "virus" and how virologists talked about viruses. These changes reflected their invention and reinvention of the concept of a virus as it was revised in light of new knowledge, new scientific values and interests, and new hegemonic technologies.

  7. Inventing Freud.

    PubMed

    Rudnytsky, Peter L

    2008-06-01

    Written to commemorate the 150th anniversary of Freud's birth, this paper construes Nina Coltart's statement that "if Freud did not exist it would be necessary to invent him," with its implicit comparison of Freud to God, to refer to (a) the things that Freud taught that are incontrovertibly true; (b) the unavoidable subjectivity in all judgments of Freud; and (c) the resemblances between psychoanalysis and religion. This last comparison is likewise seen to have both positive and negative aspects. Freud's ideas have inspired many people, yet he unscientifically arrogated sovereign authority over psychoanalysis. Freud's admirers are reminded of his extreme difficulty in admitting he was wrong and changing his mind when he should have known better, while his detractors are encouraged to consider the evidence supporting many of Freud's core tenets and to recognize that his discovery of psychoanalysis is indeed one of the supreme achievements in human history.

  8. Students of Invention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayes, Valynda; Hemenway, Mary Kay; Armosky, Brad J.

    2004-01-01

    Thomas A. Edison said, "To invent, you need a good imagination and a pile of junk." Well, the finalists in this year's Craftsman/NSTA Young Inventors Award Program had no shortage of imagination, but chose more useful items with which to work. With the goal to invent or modify a tool, students across the country were searching homes, yards, and…

  9. Invent America! Administrative Support Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United States Patent Model Foundation, Alexander, VA.

    The Invent America program addresses the need to provide K-8 students with opportunities to learn critical and creative thinking skills through the process of inventing. Students apply problem-solving skills as they turn their own creative ideas into inventions. It is an effort to integrate the curriculum, help students synthesize knowledge, and…

  10. The Great Invention Adventure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammontree, Kathleen

    2005-01-01

    Instead of a science fair, the author's intermediate school holds an invention convention. Guided by an Inventor's Log, students must problem solve, think creatively, and budget their time and resources to brainstorm and build an invention. The inventions are built at home, with parental support and supervision. Then, when everyone is ready, the…

  11. Incomplete invention of drugs.

    PubMed

    Hisa, Tomoyuki

    2007-02-01

    Scientists seldom know the differences between "rejected invention", "non-invention", "incomplete invention", "invention yet to be completed" and "defective invention". The Japanese Supreme Court appointed me as a specialist member (Article 92-2, Code of Civil Procedure) of intellectual property division for medical and biological patents. Herein, I present scientists to the differences and which of them are patentable. In order to prevent oneself from being taken for granted for the scientists' noblesse oblige by clever business administrations, the scientists must know the borderline between patentable or non-patentable.

  12. Refactorable Numbers - A Machine Invention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colton, Simon

    1999-02-01

    The HR (or Hardy-Ramanujan) program invents and analyses definitions in areas of pure mathematics, including finite algebras, graph theory and number theory. While working in number theory, HR recently invented a new integer sequence, the refactorable numbers, which are defined and developed here. A discussion of how HR works, along with details of well known sequences reinvented by HR and other new sequences invented by HR is also given.

  13. 1999 Inventions and Innovations Brochure

    SciTech Connect

    Squire, J.; Theis, K.

    1999-06-25

    The U.S. Department of Energy DOE's Inventions and Innovation (I&I) Program can help if you are an individual inventor or small business planning to develop your energy-saving invention or innovation. The program provides financial assistance at two levels and also offers technical guidance and commercialization support to successful applicants.

  14. 77 FR 7095 - Transitional Program for Covered Business Method Patents-Definition of Technological Invention

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-10

    ... Patent and Trademark Office 37 CFR Part 42 RIN 0651-AC75 Transitional Program for Covered Business Method... invention in a transitional post-grant review proceeding for covered business method patents. The provision..., Covered Business Method Patent Review Proposed Definition for Technological Invention.'' Comments may...

  15. Inventing the Invented for STEM Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stansell, Alicia; Tyler-Wood, Tandra; Stansell, Christina

    2016-01-01

    The reverse engineering of simple inventions that were of historic significance is now possible in a classroom by using digital models provided by places like the Smithsonian. The digital models can facilitate the mastery of students' STEM learning by utilizing digital fabrication in maker spaces to provide an opportunity for reverse engineer and…

  16. Inventive Thinking in Biology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormack, Alan J., Ed.

    1982-01-01

    To encourage students to become involved in the inventive and imaginative dimensions of biology, students are asked to invent: a useful product, way to use old newspapers, insect repellent, organism attracter, organelle separater, way to measure rate of hyphal growth, and method to measure strength of spider web. (DC)

  17. Inventors and Inventions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawson, Tom

    An 8-day unit introduces middle school students to American inventors and inventions. In separate lessons, students examine the patenting process, women inventors, minority inventors, Native American inventors, the airplane, Thomas Edison, and the impact of inventions on America's growth. A brief outline of daily lesson plans precedes a section of…

  18. North, South, Survival, Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Hooley

    2003-01-01

    Preparations for a Canadian exhibit in a Paris museum prompted reflections on how the adversity encountered in Canada's northern wilderness has fostered Inuit inventiveness and creativity. Anecdotes of other people's adaptations to harsh conditions illustrate that inventiveness is universal to the human condition. Perhaps the best example of…

  19. Invention and Gain Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Robert J.; Dixon, Stacey

    1989-01-01

    Gain analysis is applied to the invention of the sewing needle as well as different sewing implements and modes of sewing. The analysis includes a two-subject experiment. To validate the generality of gain heuristics and underlying switching processes, the invention of the assembly line is also analyzed. (TJH)

  20. Inventing to Learn

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sobey, Ed

    2006-01-01

    A method of instruction is presented in which learners construct their own understanding by engaging in experiments directed to solving specified problems. The method is based on how successful inventors learn and create new inventions.

  1. The Energy-Related Inventions Program: A decade of commercial progress

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, M.A.; Franchuk, C.A.; Wilson, C.R.

    1991-12-01

    This report provides information on the recent commercial progress of inventions supported by the US Department of Energy`s Energy-Related Inventions Programs (ERIP). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. It focuses on the economic impacts of the program, notably sales and employment benefits. The period of interest is 1980 through 1990. The evaluation is based on data collected through mail and telephone surveying of 143 participants in the Program. As of October 1989, a total of 486 inventions were recommended to DOE by the National Institute for Standards and Technology, which screens all submitted inventions in terms of technical merit, potential for commercial success, and potential energy impact. By the end of 1990, at least 109 of these inventions had entered the market, generating total cumulative sales of more than $500 million. With $25.7 million in grants awarded from 1975 through 1990, and $63.1 million in program appropriations over the same period, ERIP has generated a 20:1 return in terms of sales values to grants, and an 8:1 return in sales versus program appropriations. It is estimated that 25% of all ERIP inventions had achieved sales by the end of 1990. While it is difficult to make exact comparisons between these percentages and other indicators of the success rates of technological innovations as a whole, the ERIP figures remain impressive. The commercial progress of spin-off technologies is also documented.

  2. The Energy-Related Inventions Program: A decade of commercial progress

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, M.A.; Franchuk, C.A. ); Wilson, C.R. )

    1991-12-01

    This report provides information on the recent commercial progress of inventions supported by the US Department of Energy's Energy-Related Inventions Programs (ERIP). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. It focuses on the economic impacts of the program, notably sales and employment benefits. The period of interest is 1980 through 1990. The evaluation is based on data collected through mail and telephone surveying of 143 participants in the Program. As of October 1989, a total of 486 inventions were recommended to DOE by the National Institute for Standards and Technology, which screens all submitted inventions in terms of technical merit, potential for commercial success, and potential energy impact. By the end of 1990, at least 109 of these inventions had entered the market, generating total cumulative sales of more than $500 million. With $25.7 million in grants awarded from 1975 through 1990, and $63.1 million in program appropriations over the same period, ERIP has generated a 20:1 return in terms of sales values to grants, and an 8:1 return in sales versus program appropriations. It is estimated that 25% of all ERIP inventions had achieved sales by the end of 1990. While it is difficult to make exact comparisons between these percentages and other indicators of the success rates of technological innovations as a whole, the ERIP figures remain impressive. The commercial progress of spin-off technologies is also documented.

  3. Patenting medical inventions.

    PubMed

    Schwertner, H A

    1994-12-01

    Medical, dental, nursing, and biomedical personnel often perform critical research that can lead to patents. Similarly, patentable discoveries can be made during the normal course of medical practice, e.g., the development of new biocompatible polymers, improved dental materials, new or modified catheters, new laboratory diagnostic tests, and improved medical devices. Many inventions may not be patented in federal organizations due to the lack of information available on the patenting process. In this article, the financial benefits that can be derived from patenting inventions are discussed, as well as the different types of patents that can be obtained, the conditions for patentability, bars or restrictions to obtaining a patent, the importance of proper record keeping, and the steps to take toward getting an invention patented.

  4. Indexing for Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breton, Ernest J.

    1991-01-01

    Describes the development of a functional indexing system that is tailored to the thinking involved in the process of invention. Classification by function is discussed; matrix representation is explained; a controlled vocabulary of verbs, objects, and modifiers is described; and the relation to other indexing systems is examined. (13 references)…

  5. Inventions: Waiting for Eureka

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelfried, Steven

    2010-01-01

    Legend has it that when Archimedes made a discovery related to water displacement, he leapt out of a bath declaring, "Eureka!" Whether true or not, the tale serves as a symbol for the notion that a burst of inspiration can lead to an exciting new discovery. Most books about inventions, however, tell a different story. The path from the germ of an…

  6. Invention in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roman, Harry T.

    2004-01-01

    Invention offers many benefits as a unit of study. It teaches valuable process, subject integration, and critical thinking skills. It is especially relevant to American history. Over 60 percent of the annual growth in U.S. gross national product comes from technological advances. Technology is the cardiovascular system of the U.S. economy.…

  7. Inventing Our Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Glenn; Vosevich, Mary; O'Connor, Michael; Whitefield, Joe; Medlin, E. Lander

    2011-01-01

    Glenn Smith, APPA's Vice President for Professional Development, had the honor of introducing the closing panel discussion at APPA's annual conference in Boston last July--a discussion centered on the theme "Inventing Our Future." Previous general plenary sessions and related breakout sessions had explored the challenges people face in these…

  8. The Soul of Invention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Scott Reynolds

    2013-01-01

    Technology shifts gears. The workers who control it need to learn how to shift gears, too. Workers brought up with universal schooling would respect authority, learn enough "geometry and mechanics" to use in their trades, keep invention alive, and finally see through "the interested complaints of faction and sedition." In other…

  9. The Economic, Energy, and Environmental Impacts of the Energy-Related Inventions Program

    DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

    Brown, M.A.; Wilson, C.R.; Franchuk, C.A.; Cohn, S.M.; Jones, D.

    1994-07-01

    This report provides information on the economic, energy, and environmental impacts of inventions supported by the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) -- a program jointly operated by the US Department of Energy and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. The period of interest is 1980 through 1992. The evaluation is based on data collected in 1993 through mail and telephone surveys of 253 program participants, and historical data collected during previous evaluations for an additional 189 participants.

  10. The economic, energy, and environmental impacts of the Energy-Related Inventions Program

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, M.A.; Wilson, C.R.; Franchuk, C.A.; Cohn, S.M.; Jones, D.

    1994-07-01

    This report provides information on the economic, energy, and environmental impacts of inventions supported by the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) -- a program jointly operated by the US Department of Energy and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. The period of interest is 1980 through 1992. The evaluation is based on data collected in 1993 through mail and telephone surveys of 253 program participants, and historical data collected during previous evaluations for an additional 189 participants.

  11. Burkean Invention in Technical Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Todd, Jeff

    2000-01-01

    Supplements existing rhetorical scholarship by returning to the notion of invention as general preparation of the communicator. Explores the need for invention in technical communication and summarizes Kenneth Burke's theories of dialectic and rhetoric. Presents strategies for invention, and offers advice for incorporating them into teaching…

  12. The energy-related inventions program: Continuing benefits to the inventor community

    SciTech Connect

    Braid, R.B. Jr.; Brown, M.A.; Wilson, C.R.; Franchuk, C.A.; Rizy, C.G.

    1996-10-01

    This report provides information on the economic, energy, and environmental impacts of inventions supported by the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) - a technology commercialization program jointly operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. The period of interest is 1980 through 1994. The evaluation is based on data collected in 1995 through mail and telephone surveys of 211 program participants, and historical data collected during previous evaluations for an additional 253 participants. As of September 1993, a total of 609 inventions had been recommended to DOE by NIST, which screens all submitted inventions for technical merit, potential for commercial success, and potential energy impact. By the end of 1994, at least 144 (or 24%) of these inventions had entered the market, generating total cumulative sales of $961 million (in 19944). It is estimated that in 1994 ERIP inventors earned royalties of $2.3 million, and over the lifetime of the program, royalties total $28.2 million. With $47.5 million in grants awarded from 1975 through 1994 and $124 million in program appropriations over the same period, ERIP has generated a 20:1 return in terms of sales values to grants, and an 8:1 return in sales versus program appropriations. Further, it is estimated that at least 757 job-years of employment were supported by ERIP technologies in 1994, and that this resulted in a return of approximately $3.4 million in individual income taxes to the U.S. Treasury. Finally, approximately $334 million of energy expenditures were saved in 1994 as a result of the commercial success of five ERIP projects. These energy savings resulted in reduced emissions of 2.1 million metric tons of carbon in 1994 alone.

  13. Invention at Play. Educators' Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Judd, Michael; Lacasse, Jane; Smith, Monica; Reilly, Katie

    A Smithsonian exhibition was developed that looked at invention in an innovative way. It aimed to encourage visitors to make connections between their own lives and abilities and those of inventors. The role of play in the invention process was examined. Play is a universal and familiar activity and can help people find the link between their own…

  14. An Experiment in Teaching Invention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Andre

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that invention can be taught to business students who do not have the prior technical knowledge that is assumed to be a requirement for this kind of activity. Design/methodology/approach: This paper contains reflections on the results of introducing a specific course in inventing based on the…

  15. Stages for Children Inventing Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Joy

    2013-01-01

    This article offers practical advice for teachers interested in using Inventing Games (IG) as a way to facilitate learning about game structures, rules, and the principles of fair play that they can apply not only to game play, but to everyday life as members of a democratically organized society. Inventing Games gives students the opportunity to…

  16. Invention-driven marketing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carlson, William E.

    1994-01-01

    Suppose you have just created a revolutionary bicycle suspension which allows a bike to be ridden over rough terrain at 60 miles per hour. In addition, suppose that you are deeply concerned about the plight of hungry children. Which should you do: be sure all hungry children have bicycles; transfer the technology for your new suspension to bicycle manufacturers worldwide; or start a company to supply premium sports bicycle based on your patented technology, and donate the profits to a charity which feeds hungry children? Woven through this somewhat trivial example is the paradox of technology transfer - the supplier (owner) may want to transfer technology; but to succeed, he or she must reformulate the problem as a user need for which there is a new and better solution. Successful technology transfer is little more than good marketing applied to an existing invention, process, or capability. You must identify who needs the technology, why they need it, why the new technology is better than alternatives, how much the customers are willing and able to pay for these benefits, and how to distribute products based on the technology tc the target customers. In market-driven development, the term 'technology transfer' is rarely used. The developers focus on studying user needs and designing solution They may have technology needs, but they don't have technology in search of a use.

  17. Introducing Invention to Technical Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, J. W., Jr.

    1978-01-01

    Outlines approaches for defining and presenting invention techniques to technical writing students; describes the method used by a technical writing teacher to demonstrate the usefulness of such techniques. (GW)

  18. What's in a name? Young adolescents' implicit conceptions of invention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plucker, Jonathan A.

    2002-03-01

    The past few years have seen an increase in the amount of attention focused on invention and design education at the college and K-12 levels. Given these efforts, the dearth of research on students' preexisting conceptions of invention is surprising. Knowledge of invention beliefs and attitudes will inform educational efforts by allowing educators to target the curriculum and accompanying activities more effectively than is possible without this knowledge. In this study, 55 sixth-grade students completed open-ended survey questions related to their conceptions of invention. Results suggest that students have few or simplistic conceptions of the invention and patent processes. Prior exposure to invention instruction or previous experience with inventing did not appear to have an impact on students' conceptions of invention. In order to dispel these superficial implicit theories, educators involved with invention programs should consider the use of active, situated teaching techniques such as project- and problem-based learning.

  19. Invention through Form and Function Analogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rule, Audrey C.

    2015-01-01

    "Invention through Form and Function Analogy" is an invention book for teachers and other leaders working with youth who are involving students in the invention process. The book consists of an introduction and set of nine learning cycle formatted lessons for teaching the principles of invention through the science and engineering design…

  20. 43 CFR 6.53 - Unpatented inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Unpatented inventions. 6.53 Section 6.53... Unpatented inventions. The Secretary of the Interior may also have transferable interests in inventions which... benefit of the public, a license may be granted with respect to such an invention only if (a) a...

  1. 7 CFR 1160.505 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1160... PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1160.505 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  2. 7 CFR 1160.505 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1160... PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1160.505 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  3. 7 CFR 1160.505 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1160... PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1160.505 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  4. 7 CFR 1160.505 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1160... PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1160.505 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  5. 77 FR 71004 - Patents and Inventions; Delegation of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Patents and Inventions; Delegation of... administer and make decisions regarding the invention and patent program of CDC and the authority to make determinations of rights in inventions and patents in which CDC and the Department have an interest....

  6. 7 CFR 1160.505 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1160... PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1160.505 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  7. 14 CFR 1245.302 - Inventions by NASA employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inventions by NASA employees. 1245.302... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.302 Inventions by NASA employees. (a) The foreign rights of NASA and of the NASA employee making an invention are determinable in accordance...

  8. 14 CFR § 1245.302 - Inventions by NASA employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Inventions by NASA employees. § 1245.302... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.302 Inventions by NASA employees. (a) The foreign rights of NASA and of the NASA employee making an invention are determinable in accordance...

  9. 14 CFR 1245.302 - Inventions by NASA employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Inventions by NASA employees. 1245.302... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.302 Inventions by NASA employees. (a) The foreign rights of NASA and of the NASA employee making an invention are determinable in accordance...

  10. 14 CFR 1245.302 - Inventions by NASA employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Inventions by NASA employees. 1245.302... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.302 Inventions by NASA employees. (a) The foreign rights of NASA and of the NASA employee making an invention are determinable in accordance...

  11. 14 CFR 1245.302 - Inventions by NASA employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Inventions by NASA employees. 1245.302... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.302 Inventions by NASA employees. (a) The foreign rights of NASA and of the NASA employee making an invention are determinable in accordance...

  12. Computerized Invention for Composing: An Update and Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersen, Wallis May

    1991-01-01

    Reviews computer-supported invention tools, providing a comprehensive picture of software that can help teachers in composition classrooms. Discusses invention in a word-processing file, invention in an outliner, invention and hypertext software, and invention software. (SR)

  13. Humanistic Invention in Expressive Discourse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snipes, Wilson Currin

    The humanistic value of expressive discourse should form the basis for reinstating composition in the curricula of higher education. Educators must realize that the process of thinking that goes on before an assertion or statement of purpose is written is related to the familiar prewriting concept; that approaches to invention are as various as…

  14. Camp Invention Connects to Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krebs, Danute V.; Clark, Barbara D.

    2000-01-01

    This article describes Camp Invention, a national creativity day camp that integrates science, math, social studies, and the arts. The one week camp for children entering grades 2-6 attracts many academically gifted children because of its hands-on curriculum. The camp's curriculum and activities are discussed. (Contains two references.) (CR)

  15. An Introduction to Tagmemic Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tripp, Janice A.

    Tagmemic invention offers a student several ways of decreasing the unfamiliarity of the early stages of writing. The process of inquiry and the heuristic devices provide the orientation and tools for dealing with new writing tasks with increased confidence and likelihood of success. In the theory of tagmemic rhetoric, language behavior and…

  16. CAI Invention Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodrigues, Raymond J.; Rodrigues, Dawn

    Prewriting programs using computers fall into two broad categories: interactive and noninteractive. An early example of a noninteractive program is that of Ellen Nold, called "Cinnamon." Its purpose was to present the student with a series of content questions. In answering such questions, the student would be accumulating a set of data…

  17. Featured Invention: Laser Scaling Device

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunn, Carol Anne

    2008-01-01

    In September 2003, NASA signed a nonexclusive license agreement with Armor Forensics, a subsidiary of Armor Holdings, Inc., for the laser scaling device under the Innovative Partnerships Program. Coupled with a measuring program, also developed by NASA, the unit provides crime scene investigators with the ability to shoot photographs at scale without having to physically enter the scene, analyzing details such as bloodspatter patterns and graffiti. This ability keeps the scene's components intact and pristine for the collection of information and evidence. The laser scaling device elegantly solved a pressing problem for NASA's shuttle operations team and also provided industry with a useful tool. For NASA, the laser scaling device is still used to measure divots or damage to the shuttle's external tank and other structures around the launchpad. When the invention also met similar needs within industry, the Innovative Partnerships Program provided information to Armor Forensics for licensing and marketing the laser scaling device. Jeff Kohler, technology transfer agent at Kennedy, added, "We also invited a representative from the FBI's special photography unit to Kennedy to meet with Armor Forensics and the innovator. Eventually the FBI ended up purchasing some units. Armor Forensics is also beginning to receive interest from DoD [Department of Defense] for use in military crime scene investigations overseas."

  18. The Invention of "The Invention of Hugo Cabret"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selznick, Brian

    2008-01-01

    "The Invention of Hugo Cabret" is a story about Georges Melies that the author began thinking about over 15 years ago and took about two-and-a-half years to complete. The book is about a boy named Hugo Cabret, an orphan living secretly in the walls of a train station in Paris who becomes involved in a mystery that ties him together with a mean old…

  19. Word Processors and Invention in Technical Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Thomas T.

    1989-01-01

    Explores how word processing affects thinking and writing. Examines two myths surrounding word processors and invention in technical writing. Describes how word processing can enhance invention through collaborative writing, templates, and on-screen outlining. (MM)

  20. Humanisme : inventer l'avenir

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayor, Federico

    2014-06-01

    Humanism: inventing the future - Humanity is still confronted by the scourges of poverty, hunger, violence and inequality. If we are to invent a better future, we must first understand the past, recalling the missed opportunities of 1918, 1945 and 1989, at the end of two world wars and a cold war. This article summarises the proposals put forward by the author on several occasions during his career. He expresses a forceful confidence in humankind's ability to take control of its destiny and shake off government that puts economic interest before universal human values. The twenty-first century should be the era of rebellion in cyberspace, one in which more women and young people are involved in decision making, heralding a future of freedom and happiness for all.

  1. [Patent rights and biotechnological inventions].

    PubMed

    Lobato García-Miján, M

    1998-01-01

    In spite of all the controversy surrounding it and the problems encountered in the process leading to its adoption, the Directive on the legal protection of biotechnology inventions does not feature anything substantially new compared to the criteria used by patent offices in determining whether inventions of this type can be patented. The Directive's originality stems not so much from the interpretation given of patenting requirements but rather from the legal importance attached to issues of public policy or morality. It sets out and interprets for the member states of the European Union what is meant by the term. However, in our opinion this regulation of morality reflects above all else an attempt to satisfy the views of sectors opposed to the Directive. Clearly, there is some doubt as to whether in practice patents for genetic material can be turned down because they run counter to morality, except in blatant cases of immorality (applications for patents for human embryos, etc).

  2. Creative inventive design and research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerley, James J.

    1994-01-01

    This paper is a summary of a course given at the Goddard Space Flight Center for graduate engineers entitled 'Creative Inventive Design and Research.' This course strikes at the heart of the problem as it describes the thinking process itself before it goes deeper into the design process as a structured method for performing creative design. Many problem examples and figures are presented in a form that should make clear to all students what this process is and how it can be used.

  3. 45 CFR 650.9 - Unwanted inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Unwanted inventions. 650.9 Section 650.9 Public... Unwanted inventions. (a) The Foundation will normally allow any patent rights not wanted by the awardee or... statutory invention registration under section 157 of title 35 of the United States Code. Except as...

  4. It's No Problem to Invent a Solution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graca, Rose M.

    2012-01-01

    A kindergarten class learns about inventions, inventors, and how to be an inventor. Engaging students in learning about pencil sharpeners led to researching and developing a lesson plan designed so students could learn how inventions are solutions to problems. Through identifying, researching, and brainstorming new inventions, the students…

  5. 76 FR 42684 - Statutory Invention Registration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ... Patent and Trademark Office Statutory Invention Registration ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request... drawings be published as a statutory invention registration (SIR). A published SIR is not a patent. It has... obtaining patents on the inventions claimed in the applications. However, given that 37 CFR 1.211...

  6. Inventions and Inventors. LC Science Tracer Bullet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Constance, Comp.

    Invention is the creation of a new device or technique or the use of some particular phenomenon to achieve a given result. Examples of technological invention can be found at all times and in all places of human history. This paper chronicles the history of invention and provides references to materials that discuss the socio-cultural, economic,…

  7. Duracell/NSTA Invention Challenge. Teacher Module.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frankovits, Nicholas; Luton, Grant; Rabelo, Javier

    This teacher module provides background information and resources to the Annual Duracell/National Science Teachers Association Scholarship Competition Invention Challenge for high school students. Contents include: (1) "Introduction to the Competition"; (2) "Tips for Motivating Students"; (3) "Preparing for Inventing"; (4) "Teaching Invention:…

  8. Invention Techniques: Avoiding the "Sounds Good, Says Nothing" Essay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jerri Knowlton

    1994-01-01

    Considers how writing teachers can help students become more inventive writers. Gives different techniques for developing invention skills. Outlines an approach for fostering invention in writing. (HB)

  9. Non-Intentional Invention: The Promethean, Trickster, and Improvisational Invention Heuristics of Academic Writers and Poets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wirtz, Jason

    2013-01-01

    This essay introduces a novel way to conceptualize writerly invention -- invention as adopting a non-intentional intellectual stance wherein heuristics are experienced as acting upon the writer as opposed to being enacted by the writer. This view of invention complicates and extends the traditional, Aristotelian view of invention as discreet…

  10. 7 CFR 1210.367 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications....367 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, product... such patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, or publications shall be considered...

  11. 7 CFR 1210.367 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications....367 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, product... such patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, or publications shall be considered...

  12. 7 CFR 1210.367 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications....367 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, product... such patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, or publications shall be considered...

  13. 7 CFR 1210.367 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications....367 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, product... such patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, or publications shall be considered...

  14. 7 CFR 1210.367 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications....367 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, product... such patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, or publications shall be considered...

  15. Seeking Social Inventions to Improve the Transition to Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Mary Agnes; Hamilton, Stephen F.

    2015-01-01

    Social inventions are new ways of solving human problems. This article reports on an action research project designed to find social inventions to reduce structural lag in four programs that support the transition to adulthood of marginalized youth in Latin America. The investigators engaged youth and staff members in identifying important…

  16. 14 CFR 1245.301 - Inventions under NASA contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inventions under NASA contracts. 1245.301... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.301 Inventions under NASA contracts. (a) Pursuant to § 1245.113, NASA has facilitated the filing of foreign patent applications by contractors...

  17. 14 CFR 1245.301 - Inventions under NASA contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Inventions under NASA contracts. 1245.301... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.301 Inventions under NASA contracts. (a) Pursuant to § 1245.113, NASA has facilitated the filing of foreign patent applications by contractors...

  18. 14 CFR 1245.301 - Inventions under NASA contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Inventions under NASA contracts. 1245.301... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.301 Inventions under NASA contracts. (a) Pursuant to § 1245.113, NASA has facilitated the filing of foreign patent applications by contractors...

  19. 14 CFR § 1245.301 - Inventions under NASA contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Inventions under NASA contracts. § 1245... AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.301 Inventions under NASA contracts. (a) Pursuant to § 1245.113, NASA has facilitated the filing of foreign patent applications...

  20. 14 CFR 1245.301 - Inventions under NASA contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Inventions under NASA contracts. 1245.301... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS NASA Foreign Patent Program § 1245.301 Inventions under NASA contracts. (a) Pursuant to § 1245.113, NASA has facilitated the filing of foreign patent applications by contractors...

  1. Effects of Using Invention Learning Approach on Inventive Abilities: A Mixed Method Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wongkraso, Paisan; Sitti, Somsong; Piyakun, Araya

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to enhance inventive abilities for secondary students by using the Invention Learning Approach. Its activities focus on creating new inventions based on the students' interests by using constructional tools. The participants were twenty secondary students who took an elective science course that provided instructional units…

  2. A Catalogue of Invention Components and Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivers, Thomas M.

    This paper lists and describes inventionist themes that writers and writing teachers can use during rhetorical invention. It defines invention as the process whereby writers discover ideas to write about, and the inventionist as one who focuses on this discovery process, whether that focus be pedagogical or theoretical. The items included and…

  3. 45 CFR 650.9 - Unwanted inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Unwanted inventions. 650.9 Section 650.9 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PATENTS § 650.9 Unwanted inventions. (a) The Foundation will normally allow any patent rights not wanted by the awardee...

  4. Inventing Toys: Kids Having Fun Learning Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sobey, Ed

    This book presents detailed teaching ideas on integrating inventing into grades 4-6 science classrooms. The contents of the book is divided into three sections. Part 1 provides theoretical and pedagogical background information to teachers on the structure of inventing and the structure of experience. Part 2 presents six detailed workshops: (1)…

  5. A National Climate for Creativity and Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torrance, E. Paul

    1992-01-01

    This article offers guidelines for developing a national climate for creativity and invention. It recalls the post-Sputnik climate in the United States and notes evidence of Japan's increasing commitment to creativity. It recommends encouraging students to imagine themselves as inventors, providing early training in inventing skills, and…

  6. Evaluating Metacognitive Scaffolding in Guided Invention Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roll, Ido; Holmes, Natasha G.; Day, James; Bonn, Doug

    2012-01-01

    Invention and Productive Failure activities ask students to generate methods that capture the important properties of some given data (e.g., uncertainty) before being taught the expert solution. Invention and Productive Failure activities are a class of scientific inquiry activities in that students create, implement, and evaluate mathematical…

  7. Inventors and Inventions, Grades 4-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egan, Lorraine Hopping

    This activity book encourages students to think like inventors by employing ready-to-use materials, a timeline game, and topics from social studies, mathematics, science, language arts, and art. The first section explains the definition of invention and explores accidental inventions. It is followed by a section that examines the effects of…

  8. A 40% Increase in Income from Inventions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenstyk, Goldie

    1994-01-01

    Inventions developed at 117 research universities produced $242-million in royalties in fiscal 1993, significantly higher than the previous year. Observers see a maturation of the technology transfer process, in which inventions take some years to arrive on the market. Containing legal costs is a persistent issue for the institutions. (MSE)

  9. New Paradigms for Computer Aids to Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langston, M. Diane

    Many people are interested in computer aids to rhetorical invention and want to know how to evaluate an invention aid, what the criteria are for a good one, and how to assess the trade-offs involved in buying one product or another. The frame of reference for this evaluation is an "old paradigm," which treats the computer as if it were…

  10. 45 CFR 650.9 - Unwanted inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Unwanted inventions. 650.9 Section 650.9 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PATENTS § 650.9 Unwanted inventions. (a) The Foundation will normally allow any patent rights not wanted by the awardee...

  11. 45 CFR 650.9 - Unwanted inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Unwanted inventions. 650.9 Section 650.9 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PATENTS § 650.9 Unwanted inventions. (a) The Foundation will normally allow any patent rights not wanted by the awardee...

  12. What's in a Name? Young Adolescents' Implicit Conceptions of Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plucker, Jonathan A.

    2002-01-01

    Investigates 55 6th grade students' conceptions of "invention and patent processes". Suggests that students have few or simplistic conceptions of invention and patent processes and prior exposure to invention instruction, or previous experiences with inventing did not appear to have an impact on students' conceptions of invention. (Contains 70…

  13. 78 FR 17871 - Changes To Implement the Technical Corrections to the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act as to Inter...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-25

    ...); Transitional Program for Covered Business Method Patents--Definition of Technological Invention, 77 FR 48734... CFR Part 42 Administrative practice and procedure, Inventions and patents, Lawyers. Amendments to...

  14. 77 FR 57596 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-18

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  15. 75 FR 28663 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  16. 78 FR 57665 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  17. 78 FR 29387 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-20

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  18. 78 FR 13905 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  19. 75 FR 54656 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: The inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, have been filed in...

  20. 78 FR 13906 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  1. 75 FR 54656 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  2. 77 FR 54935 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-06

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing. AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the ] National Aeronautics and Space...

  3. 78 FR 13905 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  4. 75 FR 54656 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  5. 78 FR 19743 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-02

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,...

  6. 14 CFR 1260.59A - Invention reporting and rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS General Special Conditions § 1260.59A Invention reporting and rights. Invention... to the grant officer each invention made in the performance of work under this grant. The report...

  7. Impact of bioethics on patentability of inventions.

    PubMed

    Devaiah, Vishwas H

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of bioethics on patent claims. The increase in research activities involving human biological materials, and the rush to commercialise inventions derived from such biological materials, can at times result in unethical conduct of research. Questions arise as to whether patent law should concern itself with tainted research that has resulted in an invention or whether it should grant patent rights solely on the basis of the technical improvements resulting from such research. This paper highlights the significance of ethical practice in biomedical research, an issue that may influence the decision to grant patents on inventions. It explores the relation between morality, bioethics and patents from the perspective of the objectives of the patent system and current developments in the law on patents. The inclusion of the morality provision in patent law introduces a mechanism through which inventions derived from tainted research can be filtered at an early stage.

  8. Inventions and patents: a practical tutorial.

    PubMed

    Tidwell, J Lille; Liotta, Lance A

    2012-01-01

    Patents are designed to protect and encourage creativity and innovation. Patenting a biomedical discovery can be a requirement before a pharmaceutical company or biotech entity will invest in the lengthy and costly clinical testing necessary to achieve patient benefit. Although scientists and clinicians are well versed in research publication requirements, patent descriptions and claims are formatted in a manner quite different from a research paper. Patents require (a) a series of logical statements clearly delineating the boundaries of the novel aspects of the invention and (b) sufficient disclosure of the invention so that it can be reproduced by others. Patents are granted only for inventions that meet three conditions: novelty, nonobviousness, and usefulness. This chapter provides basic guidelines and definitions of technology transfer: inventions, inventorship, and patent filing, which are summarized using a question and answer format.

  9. The Invention Convention: Mind Meets Simple Machines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadi-Tabassum, Samina

    1997-01-01

    Describes an Earth Day celebration where students had to design an invention made of simple machines that could crush an empty aluminum can through 10 rapid mechanical movements using materials foraged from the students' homes. (JRH)

  10. 75 FR 4569 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    ... Cells Using Mutant Anthrax Toxin Protective Antigens Description of Invention: The claimed invention... specific extracellular protease by contacting a cell with: (1) A mutant anthrax toxin protective antigen...

  11. Concept inventing: a humanbecoming perspective on suffering.

    PubMed

    Doucet, Thomas

    2014-04-01

    Sufferance is a universal living experience. In view of the humanbecoming theoretical perspective, concept inventing is a way to expand understanding about a phenomenon of interest and to contribute to nursing knowledge development. This column offers a synthetic definition of sufferance in light of the concept inventing process. Sufferance is anguishing turbulence in weaving the cherished arising with luminous shifting. At the theoretical level, sufferance is imaging in the valuing connecting-separating of transforming.

  12. On the Late Invention of the Gyroscope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brecher, Kenneth

    2012-03-01

    The invention of the gyroscope is usually attributed to the French physicist Jean-Bernard-Leon Foucault in 1852. He certainly invented the word and also used his gyroscope to demonstrate the rotation of the Earth. However, the gyroscope was actually invented around 1812 by German physicist Johann Bohnenberger who called his device simply the ``machine''. Several others, including American physicist Walter R. Johnson (who called his apparatus the ``rotascope''), independently invented the gyroscope in the 1830's. Each of these devices employed a central object (sphere or disc) that could spin freely on a shaft. This was placed between three independent gimbals, which could also move freely. Bohnenberger's ``machine'' has much the same appearance as an armillary sphere. Such devices had been produced for at least the preceding three centuries. They were used to display the movements of various celestial bodies. However, armillary spheres are only simulations of celestial appearances, not actual demonstrations of physical phenomena. Gimbal systems similar to those found in gyroscopes were used on ships to level oil lamps from at least the sixteenth century and the ideas behind armillary spheres date back at least a millennium before that. So why was the gyroscope invented so late? Some possible reasons will be presented for the long delay between the development of the individual underlying components and the eventual appearance of the gyroscope in its modern form.

  13. Invention and Writing in Technical Work: Representing the Object.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winsor, Dorothy A.

    1994-01-01

    Describes the way invention is relevant to the practice of technical writing. Studies three engineering students engaged in a real-world project. Shows how the students' technical work and invention for the final report were simultaneous activities. Claims that invention for and through writing overlaps with technical invention. (HB)

  14. 7 CFR 1260.215 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications..., copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed... patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, ensure to the benefit of the Board. Upon termination...

  15. 7 CFR 1260.215 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications..., copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed... patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, ensure to the benefit of the Board. Upon termination...

  16. 7 CFR 1260.215 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications..., copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed... patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, ensure to the benefit of the Board. Upon termination...

  17. 7 CFR 1260.215 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications..., copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed... patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, ensure to the benefit of the Board. Upon termination...

  18. 37 CFR 4.4 - Invention promoter reply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Invention promoter reply. 4.4... COMMERCE GENERAL COMPLAINTS REGARDING INVENTION PROMOTERS § 4.4 Invention promoter reply. (a) If a submission appears to meet the requirements of a complaint, the invention promoter named in the...

  19. 32 CFR 746.5 - Government inventions available for licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Government inventions available for licensing... PROCUREMENT, PROPERTY, PATENTS, AND CONTRACTS LICENSING OF GOVERNMENT INVENTIONS IN THE CUSTODY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY § 746.5 Government inventions available for licensing. Government inventions...

  20. 37 CFR 1.73 - Summary of the invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Summary of the invention. 1... § 1.73 Summary of the invention. A brief summary of the invention indicating its nature and substance, which may include a statement of the object of the invention, should precede the detailed...

  1. 38 CFR 1.654 - Patenting of inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Patenting of inventions... PROVISIONS Inventions by Employees of Department of Veterans Affairs § 1.654 Patenting of inventions. Any invention owned by the Government under the criteria as set forth in 37 CFR 501.6 should be protected by...

  2. 7 CFR 1260.215 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications..., copyrights, inventions and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed... patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, ensure to the benefit of the Board. Upon termination...

  3. 43 CFR 6.2 - Report of invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Report of invention. 6.2 Section 6.2 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.2 Report of invention. (a) Every invention made by an employee of the Department shall be...

  4. 10 CFR 784.5 - Waiver of identified inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver of identified inventions. 784.5 Section 784.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT WAIVER REGULATION § 784.5 Waiver of identified inventions. This... particular identified subject invention. In determining whether such a waiver of an identified invention...

  5. Invention and Inventivity as a Special Kind of Creativity, with Implications for General Creativity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huber, John C.

    1998-01-01

    A study of 452 inventors found that inventorship is a form of creativity with definitions and criteria and with quantitative measures, inventors with high rates of inventiveness more often have outstanding achievements, and a majority of inventors exhibit a random pattern of inventivity (rate of production of patents by an individual inventor).…

  6. Invented rule with English language learners.

    PubMed

    Boyer, Valerie E; Martin, Kathryn Y

    2012-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to utilize an invented rule with English language learners (ELLs) in a clinical setting to determine differences based on language and age of the children. The performance was correlated with teacher reports of strong and weak language learning. Using a within-participants design, ELLs of age three to five were taught to apply a nonsense morpheme to signal a semantic difference. The invented rule was taught and responses were elicited in both English and English with Spanish interpretation. No significant difference for language was identified. Effect sizes for age were large (English, eta = 0.389, and English + Spanish, eta = 0.430) with five-year-old participants more likely to apply the rule to novel stimuli regardless of language. The performance of the majority of the participants correlated with teacher reports. The invented rule may provide a mechanism for assessing processing independent of prior language knowledge.

  7. Inventions in biotechnology and the assessment of obviousness.

    PubMed

    Finney, K

    1994-01-01

    One of the requirements for patentability of an invention is that the invention involves an inventive step or in other words, is not obvious. In recent years, the obviousness of inventions in biotechnology has had to be judicially considered as a consequence of new methodologies being applied in biotechnology. This paper addresses how a research worker might go about assessing whether his or her invention is obvious in the light of developments in this area of patent law.

  8. Pulsed laser deposition—invention or discovery?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Venkatesan, T.

    2014-01-01

    The evolution of pulsed laser deposition had been an exciting process of invention and discovery, with the development of high Tc superconducting films as the main driver. It has become the method of choice in research and development for rapid prototyping of multicomponent inorganic materials for preparing a variety of thin films, heterostructures and atomically sharp interfaces, and has become an indispensable tool for advancing oxide electronics. In this paper I will give a personal account of the invention and development of this process at Bellcore/Rutgers, the opportunity, challenges and mostly the extraordinary excitement that was generated, typical of any disruptive technology.

  9. Invented Rule with English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyer, Valerie E.; Martin, Kathryn Y.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to utilize an invented rule with English language learners (ELLs) in a clinical setting to determine differences based on language and age of the children. The performance was correlated with teacher reports of strong and weak language learning. Using a within-participants design, ELLs of age three to five were taught…

  10. Does Group Composition Affect Learning by Invention?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiedmann, Michael; Leach, Ryan C.; Rummel, Nikol; Wiley, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Schwartz and Martin ("Cogn Instr" 22:129-184, 2004) as well as Kapur ("Instr Sci", this issue, 2012) have found that students can be better prepared to learn about mathematical formulas when they try to invent them in small groups before receiving the canonical formula from a lesson. The purpose of the present research was to investigate how the…

  11. Patent Work: The Other Side of Invention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillon, Tamara

    2009-01-01

    In popular culture, the inventor is often portrayed as a lone tinkerer who emerges from a workshop with some magnificent new device. In reality, most inventions are the collaborative effort of scientists and engineers--usually researchers affiliated with a college or corporation--that result in the discovery, creation, or improvement of either…

  12. Promotion of School Children's Invention in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sakamoto, Takashi

    1989-01-01

    In the late 1980s an American newspaper reported that by one measure--the number of patents cited by successive inventors--Japan overtook the United States in the number of inventions produced during the 1970s. The reasons for this are not clear, but educational efforts promoting creative behaviors in school children are probably essential and…

  13. Invention, Technology, and the GI Bill

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parkin, Robert E.

    2008-01-01

    The era of industrialization was also the age of invention, which spurred technology that in turn required skills not provided by existing educational institutions. In particular, the traditional elite higher education centers could not, or would not, provide the training in the numbers needed for a technical and increasingly global economy. The…

  14. Is There Anything Left to Invent?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caernarven-Smith, Patricia

    1995-01-01

    Suggests that technical writing is the most challenging profession in the world and sometimes the most boring. List 35 things that the field knows about technical communication (on such topics as audience, editing, writing style, graphics, and training). Suggests that there may be nothing left to invent in the field of technical communication. (RS)

  15. Imagine, Invent, Program, Share: A Library-Hosted Computer Club Promotes 21st Century Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, Brian

    2009-01-01

    During at least one afternoon each month, Wilmette (Illinois) Public Library (WPL) hosts a local group of computer programmers, designers, and artists, who meet to discuss digital projects and resources, technical challenges, and successful design or programming strategies. WPL's Game Design Club, now in its third year, owes its existence to a…

  16. 75 FR 28663 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ...: May 21, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bryan A. Geurts, Patent Counsel, Goddard Space Flight... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY:...

  17. 78 FR 29388 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-20

    ...: May 20, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bryan A. Geurts, Patent Counsel, Goddard Space Flight... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY:...

  18. 78 FR 19744 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-02

    ...: April 2, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bryan A. Geurts, Patent Counsel, Goddard Space Flight... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY:...

  19. 78 FR 57664 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ...: September 19, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bryan A. Geurts, Patent Counsel, Goddard Space Flight... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY:...

  20. 78 FR 13905 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ...: March 1, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Bryan A. Geurts, Patent Counsel, Goddard Space Flight... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY:...

  1. 45 CFR 650.19 - Electronic invention handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... PATENTS § 650.19 Electronic invention handling. (a) Grantees must use the iEdison Invention Information Management System maintained by the National Institutes of Health to disclose NSF subject...

  2. 45 CFR 650.19 - Electronic invention handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... PATENTS § 650.19 Electronic invention handling. (a) Grantees must use the iEdison Invention Information Management System maintained by the National Institutes of Health to disclose NSF subject...

  3. 45 CFR 650.19 - Electronic invention handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PATENTS § 650.19 Electronic invention handling. (a) Grantees must use the iEdison Invention Information Management System maintained by the National Institutes of Health to disclose NSF subject...

  4. 78 FR 29388 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY:...

  5. Technical inventions that enabled artificial infant feeding.

    PubMed

    Obladen, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Artificial feeding of infants, called hand-feeding, was unsafe well into the 19th century. This paper aims to identify technical innovations which made artificial feeding less dangerous. In rapid succession from 1844 to 1886, the vulcanization of rubber, production of rubber teats, cooling machines for large-scale ice production, techniques for milk pasteurization, evaporation and condensation, and packing in closed tins were invented or initiated. Remarkably, most of these inventions preceded the discovery of pathogenic bacteria. The producers of proprietary infant formula made immediate use of these innovations, whereas in the private household artificial feeding remained highly dangerous - mostly because of ignorance about bacteria and hygiene, and partly because the equipment for safe storage, transport, preparation and application of baby food was lacking.

  6. The Telephone: An Invention with Many Fathers

    SciTech Connect

    Brenni, Paolo

    2008-10-01

    The names of A.G. Bell, A. Meucci, P.Reis, E. Gray, just to mention the most important ones, are all connected with the invention of the telephone. Today, the Italian inventor A. Meucci is recognized as being the first to propose a working prototype of the electric telephone. However, for a series of reasons his strenuous efforts were not rewarded. I will not repeat here the endless and complex disputes about the 'real father' of the telephone. From an historical point of view it is more interesting to understand why so many individuals from different backgrounds conceived of a similar apparatus and why most of these devices were simply forgotten or just remained laboratory curiosities. The case of the development of the telephone is an emblematic and useful example for better understanding the intricate factors which are involved in the birth of an invention and reasons for its success and failure.

  7. The Telephone: An Invention with Many Fathers

    SciTech Connect

    Brenni, Paolo

    2008-10-01

    The names of A.G. Bell, A. Meucci, P.Reis, E. Gray, just to mention the most important ones, are all connected with the invention of the telephone. Today, the Italian inventor A. Meucci is recognized as being the first to propose a working prototype of the electric telephone. However, for a series of reasons his strenuous efforts were not rewarded. I will not repeat here the endless and complex disputes about the “real father” of the telephone. From an historical point of view it is more interesting to understand why so many individuals from different backgrounds conceived of a similar apparatus and why most of these devices were simply forgotten or just remained laboratory curiosities. The case of the development of the telephone is an emblematic and useful example for better understanding the intricate factors which are involved in the birth of an invention and reasons for its success and failure.

  8. The Telephone: An Invention with Many Fathers

    ScienceCinema

    Brenni, Paolo [CNR-FST-IMSS, Florence, Italy

    2016-07-12

    The names of A.G. Bell, A. Meucci, P.Reis, E. Gray, just to mention the most important ones, are all connected with the invention of the telephone. Today, the Italian inventor A. Meucci is recognized as being the first to propose a working prototype of the electric telephone. However, for a series of reasons his strenuous efforts were not rewarded. I will not repeat here the endless and complex disputes about the “real father” of the telephone. From an historical point of view it is more interesting to understand why so many individuals from different backgrounds conceived of a similar apparatus and why most of these devices were simply forgotten or just remained laboratory curiosities. The case of the development of the telephone is an emblematic and useful example for better understanding the intricate factors which are involved in the birth of an invention and reasons for its success and failure.

  9. Drug Delivery Research: The Invention Cycle.

    PubMed

    Park, Kinam

    2016-07-05

    Controlled drug delivery systems have been successful in introducing improved formulations for better use of existing drugs and novel delivery of biologicals. The initial success of producing many oral products and some injectable depot formulations, however, reached a plateau, and the progress over the past three decades has been slow. This is likely due to the difficulties of formulating hydrophilic, high molecular weight drugs, such as proteins and nucleic acids, for targeting specific cells, month-long sustained delivery, and pulsatile release. Since the approaches that have served well for delivery of small molecules are not applicable to large molecules, it is time to develop new methods for biologicals. The process of developing future drug delivery systems, termed as the invention cycle, is proposed, and it starts with clearly defining the problems for developing certain formulations. Once the problems are well-defined, creative imagination examines all potential options and selects the best answer and alternatives. Then, innovation takes over to generate unique solutions for developing new formulations that resolve the previously identified problems. Ultimately, the new delivery systems will have to go through a translational process to produce the final formulations for clinical use. The invention cycle also emphasizes examining the reasons for success of certain formulations, not just the reasons for failure of many systems. Implementation of the new invention cycle requires new mechanisms of funding the younger generation of scientists and a new way of identifying their achievements, thereby releasing them from the burden of short-termism.

  10. 43 CFR 6.5 - Rights in inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Rights in inventions. 6.5 Section 6.5 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.5 Rights in inventions. (a) The rules prescribed in this section shall be applied in...

  11. Needed: A Theory of Instruction in the Art of Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Catherine E.

    This paper presents a theory of instruction in the art of rhetorical invention and provides a basis for making decisions about teaching it. Invention is the process of inquiry through which one arrives at propositions and develops arguments in support of them. The author argues that by teaching invention along with the other arts of rhetoric,…

  12. 7 CFR 1230.88 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1230.88 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, or publications developed through the use of funds collected under...

  13. 7 CFR 1230.88 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1230.88 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, or publications developed through the use of funds collected under...

  14. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights..., franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit...

  15. 7 CFR 1230.88 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1230.88 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, or publications developed through the use of funds collected under...

  16. 7 CFR 1150.184 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1150... Dairy Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1150.184 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  17. 7 CFR 1150.184 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1150... Dairy Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1150.184 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  18. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights..., franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit...

  19. 7 CFR 1150.184 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1150... Dairy Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1150.184 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  20. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights..., franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit...

  1. 7 CFR 1150.184 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1150... Dairy Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1150.184 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  2. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights..., franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit...

  3. 7 CFR 1230.88 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1230.88 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, or publications developed through the use of funds collected under...

  4. 10 CFR 603.860 - Rights to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rights to inventions. 603.860 Section 603.860 Energy... to Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.860 Rights to inventions. (a) The contracting officer should negotiate rights in inventions that represent an appropriate balance between...

  5. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications developed through the use of funds remitted to the Board under the provisions...

  6. 37 CFR 1.293 - Statutory invention registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Statutory invention... Public Use Proceedings § 1.293 Statutory invention registration. (a) An applicant for an original patent... specification and drawings be published as a statutory invention registration. Any such request must be...

  7. 43 CFR 6.5 - Rights in inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rights in inventions. 6.5 Section 6.5 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.5 Rights in inventions. (a) The rules prescribed in this section shall be applied in...

  8. 37 CFR 4.1 - Complaints regarding invention promoters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... invention promoters. 4.1 Section 4.1 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL COMPLAINTS REGARDING INVENTION PROMOTERS § 4.1 Complaints regarding invention promoters. These regulations govern the Patent and Trademark Office's...

  9. 37 CFR 501.4 - Determination of inventions and rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Determination of inventions..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE UNIFORM PATENT POLICY FOR RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE BY GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES § 501.4 Determination of inventions and rights. Each Government agency has the approval of the Secretary to...

  10. 37 CFR 1.297 - Publication of statutory invention registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... invention registration. 1.297 Section 1.297 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND... Provisions Protests and Public Use Proceedings § 1.297 Publication of statutory invention registration. (a) If the request for a statutory invention registration is approved the statutory...

  11. 34 CFR 6.1 - Publication or patenting of inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Publication or patenting of inventions. 6.1 Section 6.1 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education INVENTIONS AND PATENTS (GENERAL) § 6.1 Publication or patenting of inventions. It is the general policy of the Department that the results...

  12. 45 CFR 650.19 - Electronic invention handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Electronic invention handling. 650.19 Section 650... PATENTS § 650.19 Electronic invention handling. (a) Grantees must use the iEdison Invention Information Management System maintained by the National Institutes of Health to disclose NSF subject...

  13. 7 CFR 1230.88 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1230.88 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, or publications developed through the use of funds collected under...

  14. 40 CFR 40.160-3 - Reporting of inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reporting of inventions. 40.160-3... ASSISTANCE RESEARCH AND DEMONSTRATION GRANTS § 40.160-3 Reporting of inventions. As provided in appendix B of 40 CFR part 30, immediate and full reporting of all inventions to the Environmental Protection...

  15. 42 CFR 86.3 - Inventions and discoveries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inventions and discoveries. 86.3 Section 86.3... General § 86.3 Inventions and discoveries. Any grant award pursuant to § 86.14 or § 86.33 is subject to..., and information pertaining to inventions and discoveries shall be maintained for such periods,...

  16. 48 CFR 27.305-4 - Protection of invention disclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection of invention....305-4 Protection of invention disclosures. (a) The Government will, to the extent authorized by 35 U.S.C. 205, withhold from disclosure to the public any invention disclosures reported under the...

  17. 50 CFR 82.19 - Patents and inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Patents and inventions. 82.19 Section 82...-IN-AID (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.19 Patents and inventions. Determination of the patent rights in any inventions or discoveries resulting from work under...

  18. 50 CFR 401.21 - Patents and inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Patents and inventions. 401.21 Section 401... CONSERVATION, DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.21 Patents and inventions. Determination of the patent rights in any inventions or discoveries resulting from work under project agreements entered into...

  19. 14 CFR 1260.59A - Invention reporting and rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Invention reporting and rights. 1260.59A... COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS General Special Conditions § 1260.59A Invention reporting and rights. Invention Reporting and Rights October 2000 (a) As used in this provision: (1) The term “invention” means...

  20. 37 CFR 404.12 - Protection and administration of inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of inventions. 404.12 Section 404.12 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR TECHNOLOGY POLICY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE LICENSING OF GOVERNMENT OWNED INVENTIONS § 404.12 Protection and administration of inventions. A Federal agency may take any suitable and necessary steps to protect...

  1. 37 CFR 1.46 - Assigned inventions and patents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assigned inventions and... for A Patent § 1.46 Assigned inventions and patents. In case the whole or a part interest in the invention or in the patent to be issued is assigned, the application must still be made or authorized to...

  2. Identifying and Developing Inventive Talent in the Republic of Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Seungmo

    2016-01-01

    In the 21st century, the need to develop creative potential through education is more critical than ever. Invention-gifted education is one approach that can both foster creativity and develop inventive talent. Invention-gifted education in the Republic of Korea is distinctive in its systematic approach to talent identification and talent…

  3. 42 CFR 59.210 - Inventions or discoveries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inventions or discoveries. 59.210 Section 59.210... PLANNING SERVICES Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.210 Inventions or discoveries. Any grant.... Laboratory notes, related technical data, and information pertaining to inventions and discoveries shall...

  4. 14 CFR 1245.105 - Waiver after reporting inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waiver after reporting inventions. 1245.105... INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations § 1245.105 Waiver after reporting inventions. (a) The provisions of this section apply to petitions for waiver of domestic rights to identified inventions...

  5. 7 CFR 1150.184 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. 1150... Dairy Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1150.184 Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions or publications developed through the use...

  6. 7 CFR 550.54 - Invention disclosure and utilization reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Invention disclosure and utilization reporting. 550.54... Management of Agreements Reports and Records § 550.54 Invention disclosure and utilization reporting. (a) The Cooperator shall report Invention Disclosures and Utilization information electronically via i-Edison...

  7. 7 CFR 550.54 - Invention disclosure and utilization reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Invention disclosure and utilization reporting. 550.54... Management of Agreements Reports and Records § 550.54 Invention disclosure and utilization reporting. (a) The Cooperator shall report Invention Disclosures and Utilization information electronically via i-Edison...

  8. 7 CFR 550.54 - Invention disclosure and utilization reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Invention disclosure and utilization reporting. 550.54... Management of Agreements Reports and Records § 550.54 Invention disclosure and utilization reporting. (a) The Cooperator shall report Invention Disclosures and Utilization information electronically via i-Edison...

  9. 34 CFR 6.1 - Publication or patenting of inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Publication or patenting of inventions. 6.1 Section 6.1 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education INVENTIONS AND PATENTS (GENERAL) § 6.1 Publication or patenting of inventions. It is the general policy of the Department that the results...

  10. 75 FR 18826 - Notice of Inventions Available for License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Notice of Inventions Available for License AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of inventions available for license. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy hereby announces that the following invention...

  11. 75 FR 5305 - Notice of Inventions Available for License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Notice of Inventions Available for License AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of inventions available for license. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy hereby announces that the following invention...

  12. The Use of Taught and Invented Methods of Subtraction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, A. D.; Stacey, Kaye

    1994-01-01

    Attempted to establish the incidence of using taught algorithms versus invented methods of subtraction in (n=1,370) male secondary school students and to relate the use of invented methods to age, mathematical achievement, and lateral thinking ability. Use of invented algorithms increased with age. (23 references) (MKR)

  13. 10 CFR 603.860 - Rights to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... to Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.860 Rights to inventions. (a) The..., with the help of the program manager and assigned intellectual property counsel, what best represents a... approved by assigned intellectual property counsel. (c) Taking past investments as an example,...

  14. 75 FR 23272 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ... Description of Invention: Researchers at the National Cancer Institute-Frederick, NIH, have developed a novel... development or adoptive transfer immunotherapy. Production of primary cell lines for large-scale production of... Cancer Research, AIDS and Cancer Virus Program, is seeking statements of capability or interest...

  15. Science, technology and inventions: Children draw their own visions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Addezio, G.; Rubbia, G.; Marsili, A.

    2013-12-01

    hybridized animals, devices helping in human caring or having impact on the environment, for a better quality of life. In general, preferred subjects refer to something useful with respect to things we do in everyday life but also fancy devices, for which imagination runs wild. Inventions can include something useful to individuals or to a community, being something totally new, or already existing, but improved, combined or transformed; being a device or part of the natural environment or of the human body; they can involve several dimensions of living like eating, transporting, entertainment or work. Do girls and boys conceive different inventions? What do they invent with respect to Earth Sciences and natural environment? Which are the relationships with the outreach programs organized and performed by INGV? What arises from children's drawings provides us a direct and unconventional approach to point out how we convey our science - a strategic topic for a suitable future of the humanity - to the players of the world of tomorrow.

  16. Making the Failure More Productive: Scaffolding the Invention Process to Improve Inquiry Behaviors and Outcomes in Invention Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, N. G.; Day, James; Park, Anthony H. K.; Bonn, D. A.; Roll, Ido

    2014-01-01

    Invention activities are Productive Failure activities in which students attempt (and often fail) to invent methods that capture deep properties of a construct before being taught expert solutions. The current study evaluates the effect of scaffolding on the invention processes and outcomes, given that students are not expected to succeed in their…

  17. Examining the Social and Scientific Roles of Invention in Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calabrese-Barton, Angela

    1998-01-01

    Examines the multiple uses and definitions of invention in science to develop a theory of invention and inventive acts around themes related to invention as a social act, invention as a recursive and socially linked process, and invention as an embodied agency. Contains 56 references. (DDR)

  18. Immediate and delayed effects of invented writing intervention in preschool.

    PubMed

    Hofslundsengen, Hilde; Hagtvet, Bente Eriksen; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric

    This study examined the effects of a 10 week invented writing program with five-year-old preschoolers (mean age 5.7 years) on their immediate post intervention literacy skills and also the facilitative effects of the intervention on the subsequent learning to read during the first 6 months of schooling. The study included 105 children (54 girls) from 12 preschools in Norway. The preschools were randomly assigned to the experimental group with the invented writing program, or the control group with the ordinary program offered to preschoolers. The classroom-based programs (40 sessions) were conducted by the children's regular teachers. The children's emergent literacy skills were evaluated using a pre-test, a post-test and a follow-up test 6 months later, and the data were analyzed using latent autoregressive models. The results showed that the invented writing group performed significantly better than the control group on the post-test for the measures of phoneme awareness (d = .54), spelling (d = .65) and word reading (d = .36). Additionally, indirect effects were observed on the delayed follow-up tests on phoneme awareness (d = .45), spelling (d = .48) and word reading (d = .26). In conclusion, we argue that invented writing appeared to smooth the progress of emergent literacy skills in preschool, including the subsequent reading development in school. Contextualized in a semi-consistent orthography and a preschool tradition that does not encourage the learning of written language skills, the findings add to our knowledge of how children learn to write and read.

  19. Consciousness and the Invention of Morel

    PubMed Central

    Perogamvros, Lampros

    2013-01-01

    A scientific study of consciousness should take into consideration both objective and subjective measures of conscious experiences. To this date, very few studies have tried to integrate third-person data, or data about the neurophysiological correlates of conscious states, with first-person data, or data about subjective experience. Inspired by Morel's invention (Casares, 1940), a literary machine capable of reproducing sensory-dependent external reality, this article suggests that combination of virtual reality techniques and brain reading technologies, that is, decoding of conscious states by brain activity alone, can offer this integration. It is also proposed that the multimodal, simulating, and integrative capacities of the dreaming brain render it an “endogenous” Morel's machine, which can potentially be used in studying consciousness, but not always in a reliable way. Both the literary machine and dreaming could contribute to a better understanding of conscious states. PMID:23467765

  20. 50 Years of ``Scaling'' Jack Kilby's Invention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doering, Robert

    2008-03-01

    This year is the 50th anniversary of Jack Kilby's 1958 invention of the integrated circuit (IC), for which he won the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics. Since that invention in a laboratory at Texas Instruments, IC components have been continuously miniaturized, which has resulted in exponential improvement trends in their performance, energy efficiency, and cost per function. These improvements have created a semiconductor industry that has grown to over 250B in annual sales. The process of reducing integrated-circuit component size and associated parameters in a coordinated fashion is traditionally called ``feature-size scaling.'' Kilby's original circuit had active (transistor) and passive (resistor, capacitor) components with dimensions of a few millimeters. Today, the minimum feature sizes on integrated circuits are less than 30 nanometers for patterned line widths and down to about one nanometer for film thicknesses. Thus, we have achieved about five orders of magnitude in linear-dimension scaling over the past fifty years, which has resulted in about ten orders of magnitude increase in the density of IC components, a representation of ``Moore's Law.'' As IC features are approaching atomic dimensions, increasing emphasis is now being given to the parallel effort of further diversifying the types of components in integrated circuits. This is called ``functional scaling'' and ``more then Moore.'' Of course, the enablers for both types of scaling have been developed at many laboratories around the world. This talk will review a few of the highlights in scaling and its applications from R&D projects at Texas Instruments.

  1. 75 FR 77884 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-14

    ... Motor Neuron Production Description of Invention: This technology discloses compounds that modulate the amount of Survival Motor Neuron protein (SMN). Low levels of SMN protein are associated with...

  2. [Can extrachromosomal genetic elements be recognized as inventions?].

    PubMed

    Bartoshevich, Iu E; Korovkin, V I; Navashin, S M

    1983-12-01

    The legal bases for acknowledgement of plasmids (vectors) as inventions, in particular within the classes of the "substance" and "microbial strain" are discussed. There is a definite similarity in a number of features between phages recognized as inventions and plasmids. Therefore, in principle their acknowledgement as inventions may be considered possible, since it raises no new problems as those occurring in legal protection of microbial strains. At the same time there is no pressing need in acknowledgement of plasmids (vectors) as inventions and their legal protection should be rather of the prestige character.

  3. Dissonance and Difference: Invention Strategies for a Feminist Composition Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langstraat, Lisa R.

    A feminist composition classroom concentrates on undermining the Platonic view of invention as the private act of an atomistic individual and replacing it with inventional strategies that heighten students' awareness of the social, political, and economic factors which make writing and reading a gendered activity. These alternate strategies allow…

  4. 10 CFR 784.5 - Waiver of identified inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... extent to which the Government has contributed to the field of technology of the invention; (e) The... contractor has made or will make substantial investment of financial resources or technology developed at the... extent to which the field of technology of the invention has been developed at the contractor's...

  5. 10 CFR 784.5 - Waiver of identified inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... extent to which the Government has contributed to the field of technology of the invention; (e) The... contractor has made or will make substantial investment of financial resources or technology developed at the... extent to which the field of technology of the invention has been developed at the contractor's...

  6. 10 CFR 784.5 - Waiver of identified inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... extent to which the Government has contributed to the field of technology of the invention; (e) The... contractor has made or will make substantial investment of financial resources or technology developed at the... extent to which the field of technology of the invention has been developed at the contractor's...

  7. On the Difference between Invention and Pre-Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gage, John T.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the pedagogical consequences that follow from distinguishing invention from prewriting. Contrasts the importance of stasis in invention, and the resulting importance of writing with an audience in mind, with prewriting techniques that merely direct students toward exploring a topic without reference to an audience. (RL)

  8. A Study of English Majors' Preferences in Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, James L.

    This paper appraises aspects of Anglo-American and Chinese concepts of invention from a historical perspective. It then describes the results of 70 third-year Taiwanese English majors' responses to a Likert scale questionnaire that sought their reaction to Anglo-American strategies of invention in English academic writing. It singles out two…

  9. 14 CFR 1245.105 - Waiver after reporting inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Waiver after reporting inventions. 1245.105 Section 1245.105 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PATENTS AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations § 1245.105 Waiver after reporting inventions. (a)...

  10. 37 CFR 1.293 - Statutory invention registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... registration. 1.293 Section 1.293 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE... Public Use Proceedings § 1.293 Statutory invention registration. (a) An applicant for an original patent... specification and drawings be published as a statutory invention registration. Any such request must be...

  11. Playful Invention and Exploration. Final Evaluation Report: Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. John; Mark; Carroll, Becky; Helms, Jen; Smith, Anita

    2008-01-01

    PIE (Playful Invention and Exploration) is a unique approach to learning that centers on the use of technology and design challenges to create powerful learning experiences in informal education settings. The Playful Invention and Exploration (PIE) Institute project was funded in 2005 by the National Science Foundation (NSF). Overall, 150…

  12. 77 FR 54934 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-06

    ... Reusable Space Flight Hardware; NASA Case No.: ARC-16692-1: Fiber-Reinforced Composite Materials; NASA Case... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY:...

  13. 78 FR 13905 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ...: March 1, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James J. McGroary, Patent Counsel, Marshall Space Flight... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY:...

  14. 78 FR 19743 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-02

    ...: April 2, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James J. McGroary, Patent Counsel, Marshall Space Flight... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY:...

  15. 75 FR 54656 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ...: September 8, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James J. McGroary, Patent Counsel, Marshall Space Flight... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY:...

  16. 7 CFR 550.54 - Invention disclosure and utilization reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Management of Agreements Reports and Records § 550.54 Invention disclosure and utilization reporting. (a) The Cooperator shall report Invention Disclosures and Utilization information electronically via i-Edison Web... should be sent directly to: Division of Extramural Intentions and Technology Resources, 6705...

  17. Using Invention to Change How Students Tackle Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Jared L.; Smith, Karen M.; van Stolk, Adrian P.; Spiegelman, George B.

    2010-01-01

    Invention activities challenge students to tackle problems that superficially appear unrelated to the course material but illustrate underlying fundamental concepts that are fundamental to material that will be presented. During our invention activities in a first-year biology class, students were presented with problems that are parallel to those…

  18. De-Mystifying Inventive Thinking: A Survey with Pedagogic Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Andre

    2013-01-01

    Students on an enterprise course running in a number of colleges in the UK in which invention and innovation formed part of the curriculum were asked to complete a questionnaire immediately upon having an inventive thought in an attempt to establish the thinking processes involved. Results from those who had ideas that subsequently proved to be…

  19. 37 CFR 41.206 - Common interests in the invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Common interests in the invention. 41.206 Section 41.206 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... Interferences § 41.206 Common interests in the invention. An administrative patent judge may decline to...

  20. The Employee Invention Report (EIR) | NCI Technology Transfer Center | TTC

    Cancer.gov

    After making such a discovery, NCI researchers should immediately contact their Laboratory or Branch Chief and inform him or her of a possible invention and consult with your NCI TTC Technology Transfer Specialist about submitting an Employee Invention Report (EIR) Form. | [google6f4cd5334ac394ab.html

  1. 43 CFR 6.5 - Rights in inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Government of facilities, equipment, materials, funds, or information, or of time or services of other... by an employee who is employed or assigned (i) to invent or improve or perfect any art, machine... official duties and responsibilities at the time the invention was made; and (3) A statement of...

  2. 77 FR 47820 - Invention Promoters/Promotion Firms Complaints

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-10

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office Invention Promoters/Promotion Firms Complaints ACTION: Proposed... participate in any legal proceedings against invention promoters or promotion firms. Complaints submitted to... promotion firm, explain the basis for the complaint, and include the signature of the complainant....

  3. 10 CFR 784.5 - Waiver of identified inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Waiver of identified inventions. 784.5 Section 784.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT WAIVER REGULATION § 784.5 Waiver of identified inventions. This... is useful in the production or utilization of special nuclear material or atomic energy; (d)...

  4. 67 FR 51546 - Notice of Inventions Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2002-08-08

    ...: Method and apparatus for diffraction measurement using a scanning x-ray source. Abstract: The invention... diffraction measurement by using moving x- ray source x-ray diffraction. The invention comprises a raster... which allows a complete image of the x-ray diffraction characteristics of the specimen to be......

  5. 75 FR 41501 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-16

    ... federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to... information and copies of the U.S. patent applications listed below may be obtained by writing to the... applications. Novel Antigen for Use as Vaccine Against Nematode Infection Description of Invention:...

  6. 78 FR 3437 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-16

    ... and cancerous human breast tissue section images that can be used for large experiments. Additionally... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing...: The instant invention discloses a software to analyze optical microscopic images of human...

  7. 42 CFR 61.20 - Inventions or discoveries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Inventions or discoveries. 61.20 Section 61.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING FELLOWSHIPS Regular Fellowships § 61.20 Inventions or discoveries. Any fellowship award...

  8. 42 CFR 61.20 - Inventions or discoveries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Inventions or discoveries. 61.20 Section 61.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING FELLOWSHIPS Regular Fellowships § 61.20 Inventions or discoveries. Any fellowship award...

  9. 42 CFR 61.20 - Inventions or discoveries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inventions or discoveries. 61.20 Section 61.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING FELLOWSHIPS Regular Fellowships § 61.20 Inventions or discoveries. Any fellowship award...

  10. 42 CFR 61.20 - Inventions or discoveries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Inventions or discoveries. 61.20 Section 61.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING FELLOWSHIPS Regular Fellowships § 61.20 Inventions or discoveries. Any fellowship award...

  11. 42 CFR 61.20 - Inventions or discoveries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Inventions or discoveries. 61.20 Section 61.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING FELLOWSHIPS Regular Fellowships § 61.20 Inventions or discoveries. Any fellowship award...

  12. Inventions Utilizing Microfluidics and Colloidal Particles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marr, David W.; Gong, Tieying; Oakey, John; Terray, Alexander V.; Wu, David T.

    2009-01-01

    Several related inventions pertain to families of devices that utilize microfluidics and/or colloidal particles to obtain useful physical effects. The families of devices can be summarized as follows: (1) Microfluidic pumps and/or valves wherein colloidal-size particles driven by electrical, magnetic, or optical fields serve as the principal moving parts that propel and/or direct the affected flows. (2) Devices that are similar to the aforementioned pumps and/or valves except that they are used to manipulate light instead of fluids. The colloidal particles in these devices are substantially constrained to move in a plane and are driven to spatially order them into arrays that function, variously, as waveguides, filters, or switches for optical signals. (3) Devices wherein the ultra-laminar nature of microfluidic flows is exploited to effect separation, sorting, or filtering of colloidal particles or biological cells in suspension. (4) Devices wherein a combination of confinement and applied electrical and/or optical fields forces the colloidal particles to become arranged into three-dimensional crystal lattices. Control of the colloidal crystalline structures could be exploited to control diffraction of light. (5) Microfluidic devices, incorporating fluid waveguides, wherein switching of flows among different paths would be accompanied by switching of optical signals.

  13. 37 CFR 1.475 - Unity of invention before the International Searching Authority, the International Preliminary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unity of invention before the... Invention § 1.475 Unity of invention before the International Searching Authority, the International... application shall relate to one invention only or to a group of inventions so linked as to form a...

  14. Commercial progress and impacts of inventions and innovations

    SciTech Connect

    Perlack, R.D.; Rizy, C.G.; Franchuk, C.A.; Cohn, S.M.

    1999-08-01

    This report presents the survey results from the 1997 inventions and innovations evaluation questionnaire. The evaluation impacts are based on responses from 136 out of 334 inventors sent the questionnaire. In 1996, there were 67 inventions identified that currently have direct, licensed, or spinoff sales. In total, the number of inventions and innovations with current sales and past sales (now retired from the market) is 144. This represents a commercial success rate of over 27%. For these grant-receiving inventions, the following performance metrics are of interest: (1) total cumulative direct and licensed sales through 1996 were $700 million (1995$), in addition, cumulative spinoff sales and royalties were $90 million and $20 million (1995$) through 1996, respectively; (2) employment sustained by direct and licensed sales was 1,189 full-time equivalents in 1996, employment attributable to technologies with no sales was 90 full-time equivalents, and the annual federal income taxes collected as a result of this employment was in excess of $6 million; and (3) energy savings attribute to supported inventions and innovations were estimated at 78 trillion Btu in 1996 with an estimated value of nearly $190 million (1995$), the associated reduction in carbon emissions was over 1.5 million metric tons. In terms of future commercialization progress and impacts, the 1997 survey revealed that 60% of the respondents are actively pursuing their invention, and nearly 50% of the inventions are in the prototype development, pre-production prototype testing, and pre-production development stages.

  15. Invention as a combinatorial process: evidence from US patents.

    PubMed

    Youn, Hyejin; Strumsky, Deborah; Bettencourt, Luis M A; Lobo, José

    2015-05-06

    Invention has been commonly conceptualized as a search over a space of combinatorial possibilities. Despite the existence of a rich literature, spanning a variety of disciplines, elaborating on the recombinant nature of invention, we lack a formal and quantitative characterization of the combinatorial process underpinning inventive activity. Here, we use US patent records dating from 1790 to 2010 to formally characterize invention as a combinatorial process. To do this, we treat patented inventions as carriers of technologies and avail ourselves of the elaborate system of technology codes used by the United States Patent and Trademark Office to classify the technologies responsible for an invention's novelty. We find that the combinatorial inventive process exhibits an invariant rate of 'exploitation' (refinements of existing combinations of technologies) and 'exploration' (the development of new technological combinations). This combinatorial dynamic contrasts sharply with the creation of new technological capabilities-the building blocks to be combined-that has significantly slowed down. We also find that, notwithstanding the very reduced rate at which new technologies are introduced, the generation of novel technological combinations engenders a practically infinite space of technological configurations.

  16. Invention as a combinatorial process: evidence from US patents

    PubMed Central

    Youn, Hyejin; Strumsky, Deborah; Bettencourt, Luis M. A.; Lobo, José

    2015-01-01

    Invention has been commonly conceptualized as a search over a space of combinatorial possibilities. Despite the existence of a rich literature, spanning a variety of disciplines, elaborating on the recombinant nature of invention, we lack a formal and quantitative characterization of the combinatorial process underpinning inventive activity. Here, we use US patent records dating from 1790 to 2010 to formally characterize invention as a combinatorial process. To do this, we treat patented inventions as carriers of technologies and avail ourselves of the elaborate system of technology codes used by the United States Patent and Trademark Office to classify the technologies responsible for an invention's novelty. We find that the combinatorial inventive process exhibits an invariant rate of ‘exploitation’ (refinements of existing combinations of technologies) and ‘exploration’ (the development of new technological combinations). This combinatorial dynamic contrasts sharply with the creation of new technological capabilities—the building blocks to be combined—that has significantly slowed down. We also find that, notwithstanding the very reduced rate at which new technologies are introduced, the generation of novel technological combinations engenders a practically infinite space of technological configurations. PMID:25904530

  17. Must an inventor "possess" an invention to patent it?

    PubMed

    Woessner, Warren D; Chadwick, Robin A

    2014-09-18

    The requirements for patenting inventions relating to biotechnology have become increasingly strict and complicated in recent years. Despite early patent rulings that there is no need for an inventor to "reduce to practice" an invention, the courts are now ruling that an inventor must "possess" his or her invention before filing for patent. This review discusses what such "possession" may mean and describes decisions in which courts have found that an inventor has met or failed the possession test before filing for patent protection.

  18. 7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks..., copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations developed through...

  19. 7 CFR 63.501 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks... General Provisions Miscellaneous § 63.501 Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks,...

  20. 7 CFR 63.501 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks... General Provisions Miscellaneous § 63.501 Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks,...

  1. 7 CFR 1209.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., Research, and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1209.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or...

  2. 7 CFR 1217.62 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product... Promotion, Research, and Information § 1217.62 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product formulations, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product formulations,...

  3. 7 CFR 1215.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1215.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or product...

  4. 7 CFR 1209.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., Research, and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1209.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or...

  5. 7 CFR 1217.62 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product... Promotion, Research, and Information § 1217.62 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product formulations, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product formulations,...

  6. 7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks..., copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations developed through...

  7. 7 CFR 1215.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1215.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or product...

  8. 7 CFR 1209.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., Research, and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1209.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or...

  9. 7 CFR 1215.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1215.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or product...

  10. 7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks..., copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations developed through...

  11. 7 CFR 1209.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., Research, and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1209.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or...

  12. 7 CFR 1217.62 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product... Promotion, Research, and Information § 1217.62 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product formulations, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions, product formulations,...

  13. 7 CFR 1215.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1215.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or product...

  14. 7 CFR 63.501 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks... General Provisions Miscellaneous § 63.501 Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks,...

  15. 7 CFR 1209.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., Research, and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1209.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or...

  16. 7 CFR 1215.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and..., and Consumer Information Order Miscellaneous § 1215.75 Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or product...

  17. 7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks..., copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations developed through...

  18. 75 FR 58401 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ..., attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and schizophrenia. Development of selective pharmacological..., attention deficit disorder (ADD), and autism. Applications Method of diagnosis and treatment for... Disorders Description of Invention: The inventors have isolated and characterized an alkaloid,...

  19. 75 FR 66106 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    .... Modified POTE Peptides for Cancer Immunotherapy Description of Invention: Investigators at the National... therefore a specific target for cancer treatments, including immunotherapy. Immunotherapy has great... chemotherapies. Antigen-specific cancer immunotherapy often relies on identification of epitopes expressed...

  20. Significant NASA inventions available for licensing in foreign countries

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    Abstracts of various NASA-owned inventions which are available for foreign licensing in the identified countries are listed in accordance with the NASA Patent Licensing Regulations. Instructions for requested applicatons are explained.

  1. 37 CFR 501.4 - Determination of inventions and rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE UNIFORM PATENT POLICY FOR RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE BY... of the Secretary to determine whether the results of research, development, or other activity in...

  2. 75 FR 66108 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    ... Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Using Mutant and Chimeric IL-13 Molecules Description of Invention: Ulcerative... of IL-13 to IL- 13 receptors on NKT cells. Additionally, these mutant and chimeric Il- 13...

  3. Long-term change in the organization of inventive activity.

    PubMed

    Lamoreaux, N R; Sokoloff, K L

    1996-11-12

    Relying on a quantitative analysis of the patenting and assignment behavior of inventors, we highlight the evolution of institutions that encouraged trade in technology and a growing division of labor between those who invented new technologies and those who exploited them commercially over the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. At the heart of this change in the organization of inventive activity was a set of familiar developments which had significant consequences for the supply and demand of inventions. On the supply side, the growing complexity and capital intensity of technology raised the amount of human and physical capital required for effective invention, making it increasingly desirable for individuals involved in this activity to specialize. On the demand side, the growing competitiveness of product markets induced firms to purchase or otherwise obtain the rights to technologies developed by others. These increasing incentives to differentiate the task of invention from that of commercializing new technologies depended for their realization upon the development of markets and other types of organizational supports for trade in technology. The evidence suggests that the necessary institutions evolved first in those regions of the country where early patenting activity had already been concentrated. A self-reinforcing process whereby high rates of inventive activity encouraged the evolution of a market for technology, which in turn encouraged greater specialization and productivity at invention as individuals found it increasingly feasible to sell and license their discoveries, appears to have been operating. This market trade in technological information was an important contributor to the achievement of a high level of specialization at invention well before the rise of large-scale research laboratories in the twentieth century.

  4. Invention and business performance in the tissue-engineering industry.

    PubMed

    Pangarkar, Nitin; Hutmacher, Dietmar W

    2003-12-01

    Tissue engineering is a young and interdisciplinary scientific discipline but it offers exciting opportunities to improve the quality of health care for hundreds of thousands of patients. Lured by its potential, several start-up companies, pharmaceutical corporations, and medical device enterprises alike are investing heavily in this sector. Invention is a key driver of competition in this sector. In this study, we aim to explain the variation in inventive output across the different firms in the sector. Our major premise is that firms that forge alliances will be able to tap into the expertise of their partners and thus improve their chances of inventive output. We further argue that alliances that enable technology acquisition or learning will enhance the inventive output of firms more than other kinds of alliances. We measure the inventive output of a company by the number of patents filed. On the basis of a preliminary analysis of seven companies, we find support for the hypotheses. We also argue that, to achieve commercial success, firms need to manage time to market (through alliances or otherwise), have a global outlook, nurture their financial resources, and attain critical mass through mergers.

  5. Using invention to change how students tackle problems.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Jared L; Smith, Karen M; van Stolk, Adrian P; Spiegelman, George B

    2010-01-01

    Invention activities challenge students to tackle problems that superficially appear unrelated to the course material but illustrate underlying fundamental concepts that are fundamental to material that will be presented. During our invention activities in a first-year biology class, students were presented with problems that are parallel to those that living cells must solve, in weekly sessions over a 13-wk term. We compared students who participated in the invention activities sessions with students who participated in sessions of structured problem solving and with students who did not participate in either activity. When faced with developing a solution to a challenging and unfamiliar biology problem, invention activity students were much quicker to engage with the problem and routinely provided multiple reasonable hypotheses. In contrast the other students were significantly slower in beginning to work on the problem and routinely produced relatively few ideas. We suggest that the invention activities develop a highly valuable skill that operates at the initial stages of problem solving.

  6. 37 CFR 1.141 - Different inventions in one national application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Different inventions in one... Provisions Joinder of Inventions in One Application; Restriction § 1.141 Different inventions in one national application. (a) Two or more independent and distinct inventions may not be claimed in one...

  7. 43 CFR 6.9 - Publication and public use of invention before patent application is filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Publication and public use of invention... Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.9 Publication and public use of invention before patent application is filed. (a) Publication or public use of an invention constitutes a statutory bar...

  8. 38 CFR 1.663 - Licensing of Government-owned inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-owned inventions. 1.663 Section 1.663 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Inventions by Employees of Department of Veterans Affairs § 1.663 Licensing of Government-owned inventions. (a) The licensing of Government-owned inventions under VA control and...

  9. 7 CFR 1212.62 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations... Information Order Promotion, Research, and Information § 1212.62 Patents, copyrights, inventions, product... invention, any patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, or publications developed through...

  10. 7 CFR 1212.62 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations... Information Order Promotion, Research, and Information § 1212.62 Patents, copyrights, inventions, product... invention, any patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, or publications developed through...

  11. 7 CFR 1212.62 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations... Information Order Promotion, Research, and Information § 1212.62 Patents, copyrights, inventions, product... invention, any patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, or publications developed through...

  12. 10 CFR 603.870 - Marking of documents related to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marking of documents related to inventions. 603.870... documents related to inventions. To protect the recipient's interest in inventions, the TIA should require the recipient to mark documents disclosing inventions it desires to protect by obtaining a patent....

  13. 38 CFR 1.655 - Government license in invention of employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... invention of employee. 1.655 Section 1.655 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Inventions by Employees of Department of Veterans Affairs § 1.655 Government license in invention of employee. If an invention is made by an employee and it is determined that...

  14. 38 CFR 1.663 - Licensing of Government-owned inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-owned inventions. 1.663 Section 1.663 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Inventions by Employees of Department of Veterans Affairs § 1.663 Licensing of Government-owned inventions. (a) The licensing of Government-owned inventions under VA control and...

  15. 45 CFR 2543.85 - Rights to inventions made under a contract or agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rights to inventions made under a contract or..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Statutory Compliance § 2543.85 Rights to inventions made under... resulting invention in accordance with 37 CFR part 401, “Rights to Inventions Made by...

  16. 43 CFR 6.10 - Publicity concerning the invention after patent application is filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Publicity concerning the invention after... Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.10 Publicity concerning the invention after patent application is filed. In order that the public may obtain the greatest possible benefit from inventions...

  17. 32 CFR 37.870 - Should I require recipients to mark documents related to inventions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... related to inventions? 37.870 Section 37.870 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE... documents related to inventions? To protect the recipient's interest in inventions, your TIA should require the recipient to mark documents disclosing inventions it desires to protect by obtaining a patent....

  18. 37 CFR 1.296 - Withdrawal of request for publication of statutory invention registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... publication of statutory invention registration. 1.296 Section 1.296 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... for publication of statutory invention registration. A request for a statutory invention registration... statutory invention registration issued pursuant to § 1.294(c) by filing a request to withdraw the...

  19. 43 CFR 6.9 - Publication and public use of invention before patent application is filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Publication and public use of invention... Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.9 Publication and public use of invention before patent application is filed. (a) Publication or public use of an invention constitutes a statutory bar...

  20. A detailed study of patent system for protection of inventions.

    PubMed

    Tulasi, G Krishna; Rao, B Subba

    2008-09-01

    Creations of brain are called intellect. Since these creations have good commercial value, are called as property. Inventions are intellectual property and can be protected by patents provided the invention is novel, non-obvious, useful and enabled. To have fare trade among member countries, World Trade Organisation proposed TRIPS agreement. India had taken necessary initiation by signing the World Trade Organisation agreement and transformed to global needs. The aim of this article is to enlighten pharmaceutical professionals especially in the field of research and development about planning inventions by thorough review of prior-art, which saves time and money. A thorough understanding is made possible by providing details of origin; present governing bodies, their role along with the Act that is safeguarding the patent system.

  1. Access to patents as sources to musical acoustics inventions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brock-Nannestad, George

    2005-09-01

    Patents are important sources for the development of any technology. The paper addresses modern methods of access to patent publications relating to musical acoustics, in particular the constructions of instruments and components for instruments, methods for tuning, methods for teaching, and measuring equipment. The patent publications available are, among others, from the U.S., England, France, Germany, Japan, Russia, and the date range is from ca. 1880 to the present day. The two main searchable websites use different classification systems in their approach, and by suitable combination of the information it is possible to target the search efficiently. The paper will demonstrate the recent transfer of inventions relating to physical instruments to electronic simulations, and the fact that most recent inventions were made by independent inventors. A specific example is given by discussing the proposals for improved pipe organ and violin constructions invented in Denmark in the 1930s by Jarnak based on patented improvements for telephone reproducers.

  2. [Problems of protecting complex inventions in the field of microbiology].

    PubMed

    Korovkin, V I

    1978-01-01

    Some problems are discussed which are connected with the protection of inventions in the field of microbiology when the invention is complex. The rights of the author are determined when a method and a product are to be protected at the same time. The additional juridical protection of a microbial strain is not necessary. The complex protection of a microbial strain and the method of its utilization is recommended in certain cases since it might prevent conflicts which arise upon the parallel juridical protection of a strain and the method of its utilization.

  3. Inventing a Better Way to Capture the Energy of Waves

    SciTech Connect

    2016-06-01

    NREL's ocean energy research team's efforts to develop more robust and cost-effective wave energy converters have yielded a record of invention titled, 'Wave Energy Conversion Devices with Actuated Geometry.' This innovative wave device features a wave converter with controlled geometry that increases energy capture and prevents large waves from overloading the generator. The invention's control system actuates flaps that open and close depending on wave conditions. Better control of the wave forces acting on wave energy conversion devices provides a solution to one of wave energy's biggest challenges -- and could cut the cost of wave energy in half.

  4. Inventing Writing: How ESL Writers Use Commonly Taught Prewriting Techniques.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Luke

    A study examined use of prewriting techniques among 11 students of English as a Second Language (ESL), of varying language backgrounds, enrolled in a pre-freshman composition class. It investigated use of both prewriting strategies and invention techniques taught in class, looking at: (1) whether they would be used when not specifically required;…

  5. Inventing Adulthoods: A Biographical Approach to Youth Transitions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Sheila J.; Holland, Janet; McGrellis, Sheena; Sharpe, Sue; Thomson, Rachel

    2006-01-01

    "Inventing Adulthoods: A Biographical Approach to Youth Transitions" is a ground-breaking book that offers a new approach to understanding young people's lives and their transitions to adulthood. Contrary to policy and research approaches that often see young people's lives in a fragmented way, the book argues that a biographical approach to youth…

  6. 50 CFR 82.19 - Patents and inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Patents and inventions. 82.19 Section 82.19 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... agreements entered into pursuant to the Act shall be governed by the “Government Patent Policy,”...

  7. Polanyi's "Tacit Knowledge" and the Problem of Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leopold, Sara

    The role of invention in contemporary rhetorical theory poses two problems: how to deal systematically with both the general topics and the more specific topics that respect the different modes of knowledge, and how to incorporate these topics into a conceptual framework that includes other elements of discourse for which theories or partial…

  8. Nobel physics prize to Charpak for inventing particle detectors

    SciTech Connect

    Schwarzschild, B.

    1993-01-01

    This article describes the work of Georges Charpak of France leading to his receipt of the 1992 Nobel Prize in Physics. The Nobel Prize was awarded to Charpak [open quotes]for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber.[close quotes] Historical aspects of Charpak's life and research are given.

  9. 75 FR 12764 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ... applications. Spontaneously Transformed Mouse Epithelial Cancer Cell Lines Serving as Mouse Models: A New Model for Cancer Research Description of Invention: Investigators at the NIH have created a collection of 45 mouse epithelial cancer cell lines derived from six organs: Bladder, cervix, colon, lung, kidney,...

  10. 78 FR 63229 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-23

    ... Inflammatory Cancers Description of Technology: This invention relates to a peptide fragment of GADD45A growth... pathway. Although the fragment is only 15 amino acids in length, it retains the functionality of Gadd45a... properties and has potential as a therapeutic for inflammatory autoimmune conditions or inflammatory...

  11. Library Instruction on the Web: Inventing Options and Opportunities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laverty, Corinne Y. C.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses ways instruction librarians can use the World Wide Web to serve students in the classroom, at the reference desk, in distance education, and as a self-directed learning tool. Outlines how the Web can function as a desktop publishing system, revitalize subject pathfinders and "how-to" guides, and promote the invention of interactive…

  12. 75 FR 10285 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ... to the discovery that a mixture of an organic polymer and inorganic particles may hold therapeutic... discovered a means of producing a stably homogenous mixture of the organic polymer and inorganic particles by... applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be...

  13. 75 FR 29763 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ..., including proteins, nucleic acids, and organic molecules. Applications: Biomedical research for studying... federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to... information and copies of the U.S. patent applications listed below may be obtained by writing to...

  14. Science Crafts for Kids: 50 Fantastic Things To Invent & Create.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diehn, Gwen; Krautwurst, Terry

    This resource book provides 48 science crafts that involve children in creative and inventive learning experiences. The opening chapter focuses on the construction of a science log that will be used in the colorfully illustrated activities that follow. Four broad topics provide the organization for the text: (1) Earth; (2) Air; (3) Water; and (4)…

  15. Morphological Awareness and Children's Writing: Accuracy, Error, and Invention.

    PubMed

    McCutchen, Deborah; Stull, Sara

    2015-02-01

    This study examined the relationship between children's morphological awareness and their ability to produce accurate morphological derivations in writing. Fifth-grade U.S. students (n = 175) completed two writing tasks that invited or required morphological manipulation of words. We examined both accuracy and error, specifically errors in spelling and errors of the sort we termed morphological inventions, which entailed inappropriate, novel pairings of stems and suffixes. Regressions were used to determine the relationship between morphological awareness, morphological accuracy, and spelling accuracy, as well as between morphological awareness and morphological inventions. Linear regressions revealed that morphological awareness uniquely predicted children's generation of accurate morphological derivations, regardless of whether or not accurate spelling was required. A logistic regression indicated that morphological awareness was also uniquely predictive of morphological invention, with higher morphological awareness increasing the probability of morphological invention. These findings suggest that morphological knowledge may not only assist children with spelling during writing, but may also assist with word production via generative experimentation with morphological rules during sentence generation. Implications are discussed for the development of children's morphological knowledge and relationships with writing.

  16. The Invention Studio: A University Maker Space and Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forest, Craig R.; Moore, Roxanne A.; Jariwala, Amit S.; Fasse, Barbara Burks; Linsey, Julie; Newstetter, Wendy; Ngo, Peter; Quintero, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    Creativity, invention, and innovation are values championed as central pillars of engineering education. However, university environments that foster open-ended design-build projects are uncommon. Fabrication and prototyping spaces at universities are typically "machine shops" where students relinquish actual fabrication activities to…

  17. Automated Proof Compression by Invention of New Definitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vyskočil, Jiří; Stanovský, David; Urban, Josef

    State-of-the-art automated theorem provers (ATPs) are today able to solve relatively complicated mathematical problems. But as ATPs become stronger and more used by mathematicians, the length and human unreadability of the automatically found proofs become a serious problem for the ATP users. One remedy is automated proof compression by invention of new definitions.

  18. Guiding Children's Invented Spellings: A Gateway into Literacy Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ouellette, Gene; Senechal, Monique; Haley, Allyson

    2013-01-01

    This teaching study tested whether guiding invented spelling through a Vygotskian approach to feedback would facilitate kindergarten children's entry into literacy more so than phonological awareness instruction. Participants included 40 kindergarteners whose early literacy skills were typical of literacy-rich classrooms, and who were receiving a…

  19. The Invention Curriculum: A Malaysian Experience. Innodata Monographs 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharif, Ahmad Mohamad; San, Kong Meow

    This monograph describes a Malaysian innovation, the Invention Curriculum, or "Reka Cipta." This technology-based subject, which is multidisciplinary in approach, was introduced as an elective subject in 14 upper secondary schools in Malaysia in 1995 and has now been implemented in over 200 schools across the country. The objective of…

  20. 75 FR 4573 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    ... xenografts in mice. JS- 36-25 treatment led to 85% reduction of tumor growth in vivo. The tumoristatic...-Specific Gfi-1 Knockout Mouse Description of Invention: This is a mouse model available to study T-cell... during T-cell activation. This knockout mouse line is a GFi-1 introduced into a mouse Cre controlled by...

  1. 76 FR 13193 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-10

    ... applications. System and Method for Automatic Speed Adaptation Control of a Treadmill Description of Invention..., Bernhardt M, Riener R. A novel method for automatic treadmill speed adaptation. IEEE Trans Neural Syst... to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize ``A system and method for automatic speed...

  2. Universities Collected $642-Million in Royalties on Inventions in 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenstyk, Goldie

    2000-01-01

    U.S. universities collected more than $641 million from royalties on their inventions in the 1999 fiscal year, and they filed for 7,612 patents. Findings from a survey by the Association of University Technology Managers show licensing revenues, patent activity, and income from technology developments of U.S. higher education institutions. (SLD)

  3. 75 FR 55799 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ...-5282; bishse@mail.nih.gov . DLC-1 Gene Deleted in Cancers Description of Invention: Chromosomal regions... location. The inventors have discovered the deletion of human DLC-1 gene in hepatocellular cancer (HCC... HCC and in 90% of HCC cell lines. The DLC-1 gene is located on human chromosome 8p21.3-22, a...

  4. Inventing Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs): The Basics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santiago, Deborah

    2006-01-01

    HSIs (Hispanic-Serving Institutions) are important institutions for Latinos, yet little research exists on them. This brief serves as a primer on the conditions and history behind their invention, the processes for identification, and the general institutional characteristics of HSIs. It also offers an overview of how these institutions are…

  5. 76 FR 61717 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing... function and immune complex-mediated granulocyte activation in human lymphatic filariasis. Am J Trop Med... human filarial parasite Brugia malayi and its endosymbiont Wolbachia. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2011...

  6. 75 FR 66104 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing... cancer and distant metastasis similar to human follicular thyroid cancer. The thyroids of TR PV mice...: Available for licensing is a tumor vaccine construct comprising a chemoattractant (such as human...

  7. 75 FR 52756 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-27

    ... human cognition functions such as memory, IQ and executive cognition. The inventors have shown that an... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing...-1995 or hari.shroff@nih.gov for more information. Method of Producing Immortalized Primary...

  8. 77 FR 29668 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-18

    ... Doc No: 2012-12041] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government... for Modeling Human Metabolism and Energy Expenditure for Adaptive Dieting and Exercise Regimens... for the metabolic slowing. The invention provides a Java applet for modeling of human metabolism...

  9. 75 FR 32185 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-07

    ... Canopy for Reducing Noise Transmitted Through Suspended Ceilings Description of Invention: Available for... property rights covering a sound attenuation canopy for reducing noise transmitted through suspended ceiling systems commonly used in most office buildings. The canopy is designed to absorb sound energy...

  10. 75 FR 41501 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-16

    ... applications. A Transgenic Model of Human Basal Triple Negative Breast Cancer [C3(l)- tag mice] Description of Invention: Basal triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a common form of human breast cancer for which there are no specific, targeted therapies, unlike hormone-responsive or Her2+ breast cancers. TNBC has...

  11. 75 FR 14168 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-24

    ... applications. Novel Regulatory B Cells for Treatment of Cancer and Autoimmune Disease Description of Invention..., and in the control of harmful autoimmune diseases. Applications: Production of cellular cancer... commercialize the utilization of regulatory B cells to control autoimmune diseases and strategies...

  12. 75 FR 54346 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ... applications. Vortex Counter-Current Chromatography (CCC) System Description of Invention: Available for licensing and commercial development is a vortex counter-current chromatography system. The system has a... caused by high pressure. TN07SE10.000 Applications Drug Discovery. Chromatography. Natural...

  13. 75 FR 21636 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-26

    ... applications. Thermostable Y-Family Polymerases From Fungi for Use in Forensic DNA Services and Analysis of Damaged or Ancient DNA Description of Invention: Y-family polymerases are able to bypass lesions in DNA that would otherwise block replication by high fidelity DNA polymerases and are key to the...

  14. 7 CFR 550.54 - Invention disclosure and utilization reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Invention disclosure and utilization reporting. 550.54 Section 550.54 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH... should be sent directly to: Division of Extramural Intentions and Technology Resources, 6705...

  15. Literacy and Regional Difference: Problems with the Invention of Appalachia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mortensen, Peter L.

    The Appalachia that many metropolitans claim to know was discovered or invented between the Civil War and World War I. The idea of the Appalachians as impoverished, illiterate, and in desperate need of moral, economic, and educational uplift disseminated during those years was, in fact, a creation of the urban imagination; hence, discourse on…

  16. 10 CFR 603.860 - Rights to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... potential commercial and Government markets. Any change to the standard patent rights provisions must be... should be the standard provision as set forth in 10 CFR 600.325(b) or (c), or 10 CFR 600.136, as...) Consortium members may allocate invention rights in their collaboration agreement, subject to the review...

  17. 10 CFR 603.860 - Rights to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... potential commercial and Government markets. Any change to the standard patent rights provisions must be... should be the standard provision as set forth in 10 CFR 600.325(b) or (c), or 10 CFR 600.136, as...) Consortium members may allocate invention rights in their collaboration agreement, subject to the review...

  18. 75 FR 4570 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    ... applications. Signal-to-Noise Enhancement in Imaging Applications Using a Time-Series of Images Description of... applications that use a time-series of images. In one embodiment of the invention, a time-series of images is... Imaging Applications Using a Time-Series of Images'' (HHS Reference No. E-292- 2009/0-US-01)....

  19. 74 FR 69346 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2009-12-31

    ... the invention provides a technique to obtain in a single shot x-ray diffraction, differential phase-contrast, as well as the conventional absorption images. X-ray diffraction reveals information about... materials by their diffraction signature in x-ray inspections and security screening. Advantages: Although...

  20. 45 CFR 650.19 - Electronic invention handling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Electronic invention handling. 650.19 Section 650.19 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... Office of the General Counsel, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22230....

  1. 78 FR 52934 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ...- funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend... applications. Monoclonal Antibodies That Recognize the Human Type I Interferon Receptor and Block Interferon Signaling Description of Technology: Type I interferons play a critical role in both innate and...

  2. The Inventive Mind in Science: Creative Thinking Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebert, Christine; Ebert, Edward S., II

    Creative thinking and how to foster it is the focus of this resource book for teachers. Part One of this book emphasizes the theoretical background of the creative thinking concept and discusses the relationship between creative thinking, problem solving, science, and technology. Part Two focuses on three levels of inventing, each examining…

  3. Necessity Is the Mother of Invention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Diana Armatage

    2010-01-01

    Parents accustomed to a free and appropriate public education for their special children are shocked to find that there is no comparable housing assistance program when it is time for their adult children to finish school and leave home. An adult child's SSI income is usually less than the average monthly apartment rent in his neighborhood, so…

  4. On-Campus Projects: Inventing a Microchip.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basta, Nicholas

    1985-01-01

    In response to growth of microelectronics and changes in microchip design/manufacturing technology, universities are supporting class projects for students. Approximately 50 schools now conduct such programs which have resulted from earlier National Science Foundation sponsorship. Major advantages for the students include designing experience,…

  5. Perceptions of the Invention Disclosure Process at a Federal Laboratory after the America Invents Act of 2011

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rice-Moore, Sharla V.

    The America Invents Act of 2011 reformed the patent process in the United States. This study focused on the effect of one provision which allows the first inventor to file the application of patent to become the owner of the intellectual property. Prior to this, the Patent and Trademark Act of 1980 allowed small businesses, universities, and non-profit institutions to pursue ownership of intellectual property developed from federally funded research. The new regulations could influence government employees' disclosure of invention and new technology. There is limited research on the disclosure of technology process for government employees. This study examined 1,389 invention disclosure forms from March 2009 to March 2015 during three phases of the law: before it was signed, before the implementation of the first inventor to file provision in 2013, and after full enactment. The reported State of Development showed significant changes prior to implementation for large companies. The findings reveal disclosures were filed at an earlier stage of development, but no change was noted in the significance of the technology. A survey was also distributed using the framework of Organizational Justice theory. The results showed the disclosure reporting process was fair and unbiased. The research supports the efforts of management to keep employees informed about the disclosure process and the importance of technology transfer of government developed innovation. Key words: America Invents Act, Organizational Justice, patent process.

  6. Reinventing Superfund means de-inventing'' superfund

    SciTech Connect

    McFarland, C.J. )

    1994-03-01

    The White House claims there are some things the federal government does that it could do better and other things it should not do at all. It is in this light that the federal government should delegate responsibility for Superfund to the states. Various factors that drove the federalization of many environmental programs in the 1970s and 1980s no longer apply for Superfund. Air and water pollution programs were federalized partly because states feared businesses would relocate to friendlier'', less environmentally stringent areas. States would not impose sufficiently stringent environmental controls, because pursuing tougher standards meant committing economic suicide. Thus, uniform air and water pollution standards were implemented on a federal level to eliminate business flight. Superfund, by contrast, imposes costs based wholly on past activities. One state's determination to rededicate its waste sites quickly and more stringently than another state has little effect on a business's location decisions. Relocating a plant does not change where the waste previously was disposed.

  7. 28 CFR 345.73 - Procedures for granting awards for suggestions or inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Procedures for granting awards for suggestions or inventions. 345.73 Section 345.73 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Awards Program § 345.73...

  8. 28 CFR 345.73 - Procedures for granting awards for suggestions or inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Procedures for granting awards for suggestions or inventions. 345.73 Section 345.73 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Awards Program § 345.73...

  9. 28 CFR 345.73 - Procedures for granting awards for suggestions or inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Procedures for granting awards for suggestions or inventions. 345.73 Section 345.73 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Awards Program § 345.73...

  10. Logic of discovery or psychology of invention?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woodward, James F.

    1992-02-01

    It is noted that Popper separates the creation of concepts, conjectures, hypotheses and theories—the context of invention—from the testing thereof—the context of justification—arguing that only the latter is susceptible of rigorous logical analysis. Efforts on the part of others to shift or eradicate the demarcation established by this distinction are discussed and the relationship of these considerations to the claims of “strong artificial intelligence” is pointed out. It is argued that the mode of education of scientists, as well as reports of celebrated scientists, support Popper's judgement in this matter. An historical episode from Faraday's later career is used to illustrate the historiographical strength of Lakatos' “methodology of research programs.”

  11. Inventive Performance Improvement of Integrated Optical Rate Sensor Using TIPS/TRIZ

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blosiu, Julian O.; Youmans, Bruce R.; Kowalick, Jim

    1996-01-01

    The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TIPS or also known as TRIZ) is a new scientific approach to innovative improvements of products and processes. This methodology was applied to inventively improve performance of an Integrated Optic Rate Sensor (IORS).

  12. 37 CFR 1.71 - Detailed description and specification of the invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... enable any person skilled in the art or science to which the invention or discovery appertains, or with... specification must include a written description of the invention or discovery and of the manner and process...

  13. Examining the social and scientific roles of invention in science education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calabrese-Barton, Angela

    1998-03-01

    I have been drawn to the construct of “invention” and “inventive acts” because in my research involving how homeless children construct science and the self-in-science, an overwhelming theme has been the multiple ways in which self-identity in science has been described by the children through a language of invention. Using post-modern feminism and science and technologies studies, I examine the multiple uses and definitions of “invention” in science in order to develop a theory of invention and inventive acts around the themes: invention as a social act, invention as a recursive and socially linked process, and embodied agency. I use this framework to examine the construct of “invention” in two different case studies involving the science education of urban homeless children. Finally, I link this discussion of invention and inventive acts with current international reform initiatives revolving around constructivist science teaching and learning.

  14. Creativity Is Alive in outdoor Play! Children Solve Problems as They Invent Games on the Playground.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castle, Kathryn; Wilson, Elaine

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the effect of children's outdoor play on their learning, the promotion of children's development by their playing of games which they have invented, and suggestions for adults to encourage children to invent outdoor games. (BC)

  15. Impact of America Invents Act on Biotech Intellectual Property.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Amanda; Stramiello, Michael; Stroud, Jonathan; Lewis, Stacy; Irving, Tom

    2015-04-27

    This review introduces the America Invents Act (AIA), a comprehensive reform of U.S. law on patentability and patent enforceability that Congress enacted in 2011. The AIA's most publicized change transforms the United States from a "first-to-invent" system to a "first-inventor-to-file" regime, bringing U.S. patent law more in line with the patent systems of nearly every other industrialized country in the world. This new system requires small companies and independent inventors to toe the line against larger competitors in what many have called a "race to the patent office." But a closer look at the AIA reveals several opportunities for smaller entities that may even the playing field, particularly for innovators in the biotech sector. This article addresses changes that the AIA brings to U.S. patent law, keeping an eye toward issues relevant to biotech companies.

  16. Matisse's "Radical Invention": a window on therapeutic change.

    PubMed

    Miller, J David

    2013-04-01

    A recent exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, "Matisse: Radical Invention 1913-1917," focused on a breakthrough in Matisse's art that the curators attribute to the impact of World War I. That this dramatic change may be linked to the trauma of war is explored by studying the art itself, biographical material, and the artist's own insightful comments. The thesis is advanced that the catastrophe in Europe aggravated Matisse's neurotic conflicts and that his art reflects his effort to resolve these conflicts through new compromise formations and, more significantly, sublimation. Sublimation is discussed as it relates not only to the "radical invention" of Matisse's wartime art but also to a concurrent transformation of his personality. These ideas about Matisse are applied to clinical vignettes in a consideration of the role of sublimation in a contemporary view of therapeutic change.

  17. The invention that opened the solar system to exploration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Minovitch, Michael A.

    2010-05-01

    The invention of gravity-propelled interplanetary space travel (also known as "gravity-assist trajectories") in the early 1960s broke the high-energy barrier of classical space travel based on reaction propulsion, and made possible the exploration of the entire solar system with instrumented spacecraft. In this concept, a free-fall spacecraft is launched from a launch planet P 1 to a nearby planet P 2 such that its gravitational field (superimposed on the gravitational field of the Sun) catapults the vehicle to another planet P 3, which in turn is used to repeat the process. Thus, through a series of planetary encounters, a gravity-propelled trajectory P 1-P 2-P 3-P 4-…-P N is generated. This paper describes how the invention was conceived and how the difficult mathematical problem of computing the trajectories was solved in order to numerically investigate and use the invention in actual missions. The crucial roles played by the UCLA Computing Facility and the Departments of Mathematics and Physics are also described.

  18. 37 CFR 1.488 - Determination of unity of invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... invention, it may: (1) Issue a written opinion and/or an international preliminary examination report, in... written opinion and/or establish an international preliminary examination report on the main invention and... invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority. 1.488 Section 1.488 Patents,...

  19. 7 CFR 1280.231 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1280.231 Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed through the use of...

  20. 7 CFR 1280.231 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1280.231 Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed through the use of...

  1. 7 CFR 1280.231 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1280.231 Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed through the use of...

  2. 7 CFR 1280.231 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1280.231 Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed through the use of...

  3. 37 CFR 1.145 - Subsequent presentation of claims for different invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... claims for different invention. 1.145 Section 1.145 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES... Processing Provisions Joinder of Inventions in One Application; Restriction § 1.145 Subsequent presentation of claims for different invention. If, after an Office action on an application, the...

  4. 10 CFR 81.13 - Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing. 81... GRANTING OF PATENT LICENSES Nrc-Owned Inventions-Patents and Applications § 81.13 Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing. (a) The Commission will have published periodically a list of the...

  5. 7 CFR 3015.44 - Royalties or equivalent income earned from patents or from inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Royalties or equivalent income earned from patents or from inventions. 3015.44 Section 3015.44 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture... inventions. Disposition of royalties or equivalent income earned on patents or inventions arising out...

  6. 37 CFR 501.6 - Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... determination of rights in and to inventions. 501.6 Section 501.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNDER SECRETARY FOR TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE UNIFORM PATENT POLICY FOR RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE BY GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES § 501.6 Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions. (a) The...

  7. 48 CFR 3027.305-4 - Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conveyance of invention... PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights under Government Contracts 3027.305-4 Conveyance of invention... which include a patent rights clause include a means for the contractor to report inventions made in...

  8. 48 CFR 1852.227-71 - Requests for waiver of rights to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... rights to inventions. 1852.227-71 Section 1852.227-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL... Provisions and Clauses 1852.227-71 Requests for waiver of rights to inventions. As prescribed in 1827.30-70(c... Technology: Requests for Waiver of Rights to Inventions (APR 1984) (a) In accordance with the NASA...

  9. 48 CFR 1253.227-70 - Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conveyance of invention... invention rights acquired by the Government. The following form is prescribed as a means for contractors to report inventions made in the course of contract performance, as specified in 1227.305-4: DD Form...

  10. 48 CFR 1852.227-85 - Invention reporting and rights-Foreign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Invention reporting and... Provisions and Clauses 1852.227-85 Invention reporting and rights—Foreign. As prescribed in 1827.303-70(f), insert the following clause: Invention Reporting and Rights—Foreign (APR 1986) (a) As used in this...

  11. 45 CFR 650.10 - Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inventions also supported by another Federal... SCIENCE FOUNDATION PATENTS § 650.10 Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency. Section 401.13(a... that an invention is made under funding agreements of more than one federal agency, the...

  12. 48 CFR 1227.305-4 - Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conveyance of invention... Under Government Contracts 1227.305-4 Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government... inventions made in the course of contract performance and at contract completion. This requirement may...

  13. 37 CFR 1.488 - Determination of unity of invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority. 1.488 Section 1.488 Patents, Trademarks... Determination of unity of invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority. (a) Before... requirement of unity of invention as set forth in § 1.475. (b) If the International Preliminary...

  14. 7 CFR 1280.231 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations... Information Order Miscellaneous § 1280.231 Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions or publications developed through the use of...

  15. 37 CFR 1.295 - Review of decision finally refusing to publish a statutory invention registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... refusing to publish a statutory invention registration. 1.295 Section 1.295 Patents, Trademarks, and... decision finally refusing to publish a statutory invention registration. (a) Any requester who is dissatisfied with the final refusal to publish a statutory invention registration for reasons other...

  16. 37 CFR 1.476 - Determination of unity of invention before the International Searching Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... invention before the International Searching Authority. 1.476 Section 1.476 Patents, Trademarks, and... PATENT CASES International Processing Provisions Unity of Invention § 1.476 Determination of unity of invention before the International Searching Authority. (a) Before establishing the international...

  17. 32 CFR 746.13 - Transfer of custody of Government inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Transfer of custody of Government inventions... PROCUREMENT, PROPERTY, PATENTS, AND CONTRACTS LICENSING OF GOVERNMENT INVENTIONS IN THE CUSTODY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY § 746.13 Transfer of custody of Government inventions. The Chief of Naval Research...

  18. 10 CFR 781.61 - Publication of DOE inventions available for license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Publication of DOE inventions available for license. 781... Publication of DOE inventions available for license. (a) The Department will publish periodically in the Federal Register a list of the DOE inventions available for licensing under this part. In addition, a...

  19. 34 CFR 7.1 - Duty of employee to report inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Duty of employee to report inventions. 7.1 Section 7.1 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education EMPLOYEE INVENTIONS § 7.1 Duty of employee to report inventions. Every Department employee is required to report to the Secretary in accordance...

  20. 38 CFR 1.652 - Criteria for determining rights to employee inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... rights to employee inventions. 1.652 Section 1.652 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Inventions by Employees of Department of Veterans Affairs § 1.652 Criteria for determining rights to employee inventions. (a) The criteria to be applied in determining...

  1. 48 CFR 252.227-7039 - Patents-reporting of subject inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... subject inventions. 252.227-7039 Section 252.227-7039 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.227-7039 Patents—reporting of subject inventions. As prescribed in 227.303(1), use the following clause: Patents—Reporting of Subject Inventions (APR 1990)...

  2. 37 CFR 1.499 - Unity of invention during the national stage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unity of invention during the... Provisions National Stage § 1.499 Unity of invention during the national stage. If the examiner finds that a national stage application lacks unity of invention under § 1.475, the examiner may in an Office...

  3. 28 CFR 345.73 - Procedures for granting awards for suggestions or inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... suggestions or inventions. 345.73 Section 345.73 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC... for granting awards for suggestions or inventions. Inmate suggestions for improvements in operations... the SOI. (b) The SOI shall ensure that all inmate suggestions and/or inventions formally submitted...

  4. 48 CFR 3053.227-70 - Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conveyance of invention... Prescription of Forms 3053.227-70 Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government. The following form is prescribed for including a means for contractors to report inventions made in the course...

  5. 37 CFR 1.499 - Unity of invention during the national stage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Unity of invention during the... Provisions National Stage § 1.499 Unity of invention during the national stage. If the examiner finds that a national stage application lacks unity of invention under § 1.475, the examiner may in an Office...

  6. 37 CFR 1.499 - Unity of invention during the national stage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Unity of invention during the... Provisions National Stage § 1.499 Unity of invention during the national stage. If the examiner finds that a national stage application lacks unity of invention under § 1.475, the examiner may in an Office...

  7. 37 CFR 1.499 - Unity of invention during the national stage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Unity of invention during the... Provisions National Stage § 1.499 Unity of invention during the national stage. If the examiner finds that a national stage application lacks unity of invention under § 1.475, the examiner may in an Office...

  8. 37 CFR 1.499 - Unity of invention during the national stage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Unity of invention during the... Provisions National Stage § 1.499 Unity of invention during the national stage. If the examiner finds that a national stage application lacks unity of invention under § 1.475, the examiner may in an Office...

  9. Invented Spelling, Word Stress, and Phonological Awareness in Relation to Reading Difficulties in Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mehta, Sheena

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the current research is to assess the clinical utility of an invented spelling tool and determine whether invented spelling and word stress (supra-segmental level measures) can also be used to better identify reading difficulties. The proposed invented spelling tool incorporated linguistic manipulations to alter the difficulty…

  10. 45 CFR 7.1 - Duty of employee to report inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Duty of employee to report inventions. 7.1 Section 7.1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION EMPLOYEE INVENTIONS § 7.1 Duty of employee to report inventions. Every Department employee is required to report to the Assistant Secretary (Health and...

  11. Invented Tradition and How Physical Education Curricula in the Australian Capital Territory Has Resisted Indigenous Mention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John

    2016-01-01

    This article reports how "invented tradition" [Hobsbawm, E. (2012), "Introduction: Inventing traditions." In E. Hobsbawm & T. Ranger (Eds.), "The invention of tradition" (pp. 1-14). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press] as a long-term process has contributed to Indigenous students experiencing physical…

  12. Energy-related inventions program invention 637. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect

    1997-07-31

    The final technical report for the Pegasus plow, a stalk and root embedding apparatus, describes progress from the development stage to the product support stage. The US Department of Agriculture - Agriculture Research Service (ARS) is now in the second year of a three year study comparing the Pegasus to conventional tillage. So far, no downside has been with the Pegasus and the following benefits have been documented: (1) Energy savings of 65.0 kilowatt hours per hectare over conventional tillage. This is when the Pegasus plow is used to bury whole stalks, and represents a 70% savings over conventional tillage (92.5 kilowatt hours per hectare). (2) Four to seven fewer passes of tillage, depending on the particular situation. This represents a substantial time savings to farmers. (3) So far, no differences in cotton yields. Recent cotton boll counts in one study indicate a higher yield potential with the Pegasus. (4) No disease problems. (5) Significantly higher levels of organic matter in the soil. A hypothesis of the study is that whole stalk burial may reduce plant disease problems. This hypothesis has not yet been proven. (6) Significantly higher levels of nitrate nitrogen. Total nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen trended higher but were not significantly different. This shows that whole stalk burial does not adversely affect the nitrogen cycle in the soil and may actually improve it. The marketing support stage of the project is also described in the report.

  13. Using Invention Tasks to Promote Sense-making an Proportional Reasoning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boudreaux, Andrew; Kanim, Stephen; Brahmia, Suzanne; Richards, Aj; Smith, Josh

    2012-02-01

    Dan Schwartz and colleagues have developed invention instruction as a means to prepare students for future learning. Invention tasks present students with open-ended situations in which they must invent a procedure or quantity in order to make meaningful comparisons. Through creative thinking and struggle, students become primed to make sense of the accepted scientific solution. A collaboration between Rutgers, WWU, and NMSU has developed sequences of invention tasks designed to promote proportional reasoning, a set of skills emphasized in math and science education in primary through undergraduate levels. This workshop will engage participants in invention work and discuss classroom applications.

  14. Quantitative and theoretical analysis of the joint Department of Energy-National Institute of Standards and Technology Energy-Related Inventions Program from 1975 to 1995: Implications for development of public policy toward innovation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pevenstein, Jack Edward

    This dissertation presents 18 alternative models for computing the social rate of return (SRR) of the joint Department of Energy (DOE)-National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) from 1975 to 1995. The models differ on the on the choice of societal benefit, adjustments made to the benefits, accounting for initial investments in ERIP and annual program appropriations. Alternative quantitative measures of societal benefit include annual gross market sales of successfully commercialized ERIP-supported inventions, annual energy savings resulting from the use of such inventions, pollution-remediation cost reductions due to decreased carbon emissions from greenhouse gases associated with more efficient energy generation. SRR computation employs the net present value (NPV) model with the SRR being the discount rate that reduces the NPV of a stream of societal benefits to zero over a period of n years given an initial investment and annual program appropriations. The SRR is the total rate of return to the nation from public investment in ERIP. The data used for computation were assembled by Dr. Marilyn A. Brown and her staff at Oak Ridge National Laboratory under contract to DOE since 1985. Other data on energy use and carbon emission from greenhouse gas production come from official publications of DOE's Energy Information Administration. Mean ERIP SRR = 412.7% with standard deviation = +/-426.5%. The population of the SRR sample is accepted as normally distributed at an alpha = 0.05, using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. These SRR's, which appear reasonable in comparison with those computed by Professor Edwin Mansfield, (Wharton School) for inventions and by Dr. Gregory Tassey (NIST Chief Economist) for NIST programs supporting innovations in measurement technology, show a significant underinvestment in public service technology innovation evaluation programs for independent inventors and small technology

  15. Chemoselectivity: the mother of invention in total synthesis.

    PubMed

    Shenvi, Ryan A; O'Malley, Daniel P; Baran, Phil S

    2009-04-21

    IUPAC defines chemoselectivity as "the preferential reaction of a chemical reagent with one of two or more different functional groups", a definition that describes in rather understated terms the single greatest obstacle to complex molecule synthesis. Indeed, efforts to synthesize natural products often become case studies in the art and science of chemoselective control, a skill that nature has practiced deftly for billions of years but man has yet to master. Confrontation of one or perhaps a collection of functional groups that are either promiscuously reactive or stubbornly inert has the potential to unravel an entire strategic design. One could argue that the degree to which chemists can control chemoselectivity pales in comparison to the state of the art in stereocontrol. In this Account, we hope to illustrate how the combination of necessity and tenacity leads to the invention of chemoselective chemistry for the construction of complex molecules. In our laboratory, a premium is placed upon selecting targets that would be difficult or impossible to synthesize using traditional techniques. The successful total synthesis of such molecules demands a high degree of innovation, which in turn enables the discovery of new reactivity and principles for controlling chemoselectivity. In devising an approach to a difficult target, we choose bond disconnections that primarily maximize skeletal simplification, especially when the proposed chemistry is poorly precedented or completely unknown. By choosing such a strategy--rather than adapting an approach to fit known reactions--innovation and invention become the primary goal of the total synthesis. Delivery of the target molecule in a concise and convergent manner is the natural consequence of such endeavors, and invention becomes a prerequisite for success.

  16. Translating three states of knowledge--discovery, invention, and innovation

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Knowledge Translation (KT) has historically focused on the proper use of knowledge in healthcare delivery. A knowledge base has been created through empirical research and resides in scholarly literature. Some knowledge is amenable to direct application by stakeholders who are engaged during or after the research process, as shown by the Knowledge to Action (KTA) model. Other knowledge requires multiple transformations before achieving utility for end users. For example, conceptual knowledge generated through science or engineering may become embodied as a technology-based invention through development methods. The invention may then be integrated within an innovative device or service through production methods. To what extent is KT relevant to these transformations? How might the KTA model accommodate these additional development and production activities while preserving the KT concepts? Discussion Stakeholders adopt and use knowledge that has perceived utility, such as a solution to a problem. Achieving a technology-based solution involves three methods that generate knowledge in three states, analogous to the three classic states of matter. Research activity generates discoveries that are intangible and highly malleable like a gas; development activity transforms discoveries into inventions that are moderately tangible yet still malleable like a liquid; and production activity transforms inventions into innovations that are tangible and immutable like a solid. The paper demonstrates how the KTA model can accommodate all three types of activity and address all three states of knowledge. Linking the three activities in one model also illustrates the importance of engaging the relevant stakeholders prior to initiating any knowledge-related activities. Summary Science and engineering focused on technology-based devices or services change the state of knowledge through three successive activities. Achieving knowledge implementation requires methods that

  17. Electronic Notebooks in the Post-America Invents Act World

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    The enactment of the America Invents Acts (AIA) lit a fire under the feet of the patent community in 2013 when the United States instituted a “first-to-file” system. At first glance, many believed that these new laws greatly reduced the need to be diligent in keeping laboratory notebooks. However, it is still imperative to maintain laboratory notebooks, especially in view of some of the potential pitfalls associated with electronic notebooks and their use in a court of law in this post-AIA world. PMID:25516781

  18. The invention and early history of the CCD

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, George E.

    2009-08-01

    As the first practical solid-state imaging device, the invention of the Charge Coupled Device has profoundly affected image sensing technology. They are used in a wide range of applications as both area and linear imaging devices starting with the replacement of imaging tubes used in commercial TV cameras and camcorders. The rapid increase of their use in digital cameras has initiated the demise of film photography and created vast new markets with great economic benefit for many. Other uses include a wide variety of scientific, surveillance and scanning applications. The inception of the device at Bell Labs by Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith in 1969 was strongly influenced by several unique factors existing both within Bell Labs and the current world state of technology. These factors and their relevance will be discussed along with the train of thought leading to the invention. Early experimental devices and their initial applications were vigorously pursued and will be described. Current applications will be mentioned.

  19. The invention and early history of the CCD

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, George E.

    2011-05-01

    As the first practical solid state imaging device, the invention of the charge coupled device has profoundly affected image sensing technology. They are used in a wide range of applications both as area and linear imaging devices starting with the replacement of imaging tubes used in commercial TV cameras and cam-corders. The rapid rise of their use in digital cameras has initiated the demise of film photography and created vast new markets with great economic benefit for many. Other uses include a wide variety of scientific, surveillance, and scanning applications. The inception of the device at Bell Labs by W. S. Boyle and G. E. Smith, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 49, 587 (1970);G. F. Amelio, M. F. Tompsett, and G. E. Smith, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 49, 593 (1970); W. S. Boyle and G. E. Smith, U.S. patent 3,792,322 (12 February 1974) was strongly influenced by several unique factors existing both within Bell Labs and the current world state of technology. These factors and their relevance will be discussed along with the train of thought leading to the invention. Early experimental devices and their initial applications were vigorously pursued and will be described. Mention of current applications will be given.

  20. Grounded for life: creative symbol-grounding for lexical invention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Veale, Tony; Al-Najjar, Khalid

    2016-04-01

    One of the challenges of linguistic creativity is to use words in a way that is novel and striking and even whimsical, to convey meanings that remain stubbornly grounded in the very same world of familiar experiences as serves to anchor the most literal and unimaginative language. The challenge remains unmet by systems that merely shuttle or arrange words to achieve novel arrangements without concern as to how those arrangements are to spur the processes of meaning construction in a listener. In this paper we explore a problem of lexical invention that cannot be solved without a model - explicit or implicit - of the perceptual grounding of language: the invention of apt new names for colours. To solve this problem here we shall call upon the notion of a linguistic readymade, a phrase that is wrenched from its original context of use to be given new meaning and new resonance in new settings. To ensure that our linguistic readymades - which owe a great deal to Marcel Duchamp's notion of found art - are anchored in a consensus model of perception, we introduce the notion of a lexicalised colour stereotype.

  1. "Masculine love," Renaissance writing, and the "new invention" of homosexuality.

    PubMed

    Cady, J

    1992-01-01

    Contrary to the dominant claim in gay studies now that homosexuality is a relatively new historical "invention," the Renaissance had a definite recognition of a distinct homosexuality, acknowledged at least by those who were willing to face and discuss the subject frankly. A key example of that awareness is the earlier term "masculine love," which seems to have been particularly prominent in the Renaissance as a language for a male homosexual orientation. Significant differences have clearly occurred in the homosexual situation over time, and homosexuality can never be discussed totally independent of historical and social conditions, but the "new-inventionism" currently prevailing in gay studies has serious problems of concept and method and needs careful examining.

  2. Concept Inventing: A Humanbecoming Perspective on Feeling Peaceful.

    PubMed

    Doucet, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Among most individuals and nations, peace is upheld as a supreme value (Rummel, 1981). Throughout the ages peace has been conceptualized in many ways-from an essentialist perspective to a secular perspective based on utility, prosperity, and justice, where individuals aim to improve conditions by creating a network that aspires to living together harmoniously with concern for one another. Though there is no standard definition of peace, the concept has been accepted as a determinant of health in view of prevalent disparities and in light of optimizing justice that both influence the health of individuals and societies. Hence, shedding light on the phenomenon of feeling peaceful through concept inventing would enhance understanding of peace as a value.

  3. Mangarevan invention of binary steps for easier calculation.

    PubMed

    Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard

    2014-01-28

    When Leibniz demonstrated the advantages of the binary system for computations as early as 1703, he laid the foundation for computing machines. However, is a binary system also suitable for human cognition? One of two number systems traditionally used on Mangareva, a small island in French Polynesia, had three binary steps superposed onto a decimal structure. Here, we show how this system functions, how it facilitated arithmetic, and why it is unique. The Mangarevan invention of binary steps, centuries before their formal description by Leibniz, attests to the advancements possible in numeracy even in the absence of notation and thereby highlights the role of culture for the evolution of and diversity in numerical cognition.

  4. Japan's patent issues relating to life science therapeutic inventions.

    PubMed

    Tessensohn, John A

    2014-09-01

    Japan has made 'innovation in science and technology' as one of its central pillars to ensure high growth in its next stage of economic development and its life sciences market which hosts regenerative medicine was proclaimed to be 'the best market in the world right now.' Although life science therapeutic inventions are patentable subject matter under Japanese patent law, there are nuanced obviousness and enablement challenges under Japanese patent law that can be surmounted in view of some encouraging Japanese court developments in fostering a pro-patent applicant environment in the life sciences therapeutic patent field. Nevertheless, great care must be taken when drafting and prosecuting such patent applications in the world's second most important life sciences therapeutic market.

  5. From Hallucination to Fiction: The Invention of Meaning in Psychosis.

    PubMed

    Lippi, Silvia; Lehaire, Célia; Petit, Laetitia

    2016-12-01

    Taking their inspiration from a case history, the authors explore the effects of a writing workshop led by a professional writer for patients in a psychiatric hospital. This workshop allowed different modes of transference to unfold: transference to the analyst-therapist, transference to the writer who led the workshop, and transference to the other members of the group. The writing activity created conditions in which there could be a movement from hallucination to delusion-a delusion expressed in fiction through the act of writing. Psychotic patients "invent" a writing that remains unfinished and that relates to the experiences of persecution. Writing thus makes it possible for them to tolerate language, through its transformation into writing.

  6. Inventing the future: Energy and the CO2 "greenhouse" effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davis, E. E., Jr.

    Dennis Gabor, A winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics, once remarked that man cannot predict the future, but he can invent it. The point is that while we do not know with certainty how things will turn out, our own actions can play a powerful role in shaping the future. Naturally, Gabor had in mind the power of science and technology, and the model includes that of correction or feedback. It is an important: Man does not have the gift of prophecy. Any manager or government planner would err seriously by masterminding a plan based unalterably on some vision of the future, without provision for mid-course correction. It is also a comforting thought. With man's notorious inability to create reliable predictions about such matters as elections, stock markets, energy supply and demand, and, of course, the weather, it is a great consolation to feel that we can still retain some control of the future.

  7. Innovation 101: The story behind the invention of DNATrax

    SciTech Connect

    Farquar, George

    2015-03-05

    Lawrence Livermore researcher George Farquar shares the story behind the invention of DNATrax, a cost-effective and highly efficient method to accurately trace contaminated food back to its source. Foodborne illnesses kill roughly 3,000 Americans each year and about 1 in 6 are sickened, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yet most contaminated foods are never traced back to their source. That’s because existing methods to track tainted food following its supply chain from table to farm are highly inefficient, jeopardizing the health of millions and costing the food industry billions. A typical process to trace food includes interviewing consumers and suppliers and examining every detail of the supply chain, a tedious method that takes weeks at best to complete.

  8. Private Finance 2 (PF2): Re-inventing the Wheel?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zawawi, N. A. W. A.; Abdul-Aziz, A. R.; Khamidi, M. F.; Othman, I.; Idrus, A.; Umar, A. A.

    2013-06-01

    The Procurement policy of any government is the most influential factor in determining the efficiency of infrastructure and service provision like roads, water supply and energy. The UK's HM Treasury released its new guidelines on private involvement in infrastructures provision and services towards reforming the popular Private Finance Initiatives (PFI) policy. This new approach, it now refers to as the Private Finance 2 (PF2) is meant to correct the imperfections which have bedeviled the older version-PFI. However, the 'new guidelines' contained nothing really new in the area of private financing and operation of public infrastructures, at best it is akin to 're-inventing the wheel' rather than being 'new'. While dwelling extensively on issues relating to cheaper financing sources, risks transfer, counterpart funding by government and improving public sector procurement skills, this paper argues that some countries in the developing world have long recognised these issues and taken practical steps to correct them.

  9. The Invention of Infertility in the Classical Greek World:

    PubMed Central

    Flemming, Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    Summary The article examines the understandings of, and responses to, reproductive failure in the classical Greek world. It discusses explanations and treatments for non-procreation in a range of ancient Greek medical texts, focusing on the writings of the Hippocratic Corpus, which devote considerable energy to matters of fertility and generation, and places them alongside the availability of a divine approach to dealing with reproductive disruption, the possibility of asking various deities, including the specialist healing god Asclepius, for assistance in having children. Though the relations between these options are complex, they combine to produce a rich remedial array for those struggling with childlessness, the possibility that any impediment to procreation can be removed. Classical Greece, rather than the nineteenth century, or even 1978, is thus the time when “infertility,” understood as an essentially reversible somatic state, was invented. PMID:24362276

  10. 32 CFR 37.860 - What rights should I obtain for inventions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... patent-rights provision does to: (i) Notify the Government of an invention, from the time the inventor... Matters Intellectual Property § 37.860 What rights should I obtain for inventions? (a) You should... United States throughout the world. The license is for Governmental purposes, and does not include...

  11. Reflexivity and the Sociology of Science and Technology: The Invention of "Eryc" the Antibiotic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collyer, Fran

    2011-01-01

    Until recently, the social-technical process of invention has fallen between sociological investigation of the genesis of a new idea (an ideational phenomenon) and the production of a new technology (a material phenomenon). The advent of post-modernism and post-structuralism offered new avenues for theorising invention, accounting for, on the one…

  12. 28 CFR 345.73 - Procedures for granting awards for suggestions or inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... suggestions or inventions. 345.73 Section 345.73 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC... for granting awards for suggestions or inventions. Inmate suggestions for improvements in operations or safety, or for conservation of energy or material, must be submitted in writing. (a) The...

  13. Using Literary Criticism as a Strategy of Rhetorical Invention: A Practical Guide to Writing about Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smolova, Alona A.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to: (1) briefly discuss the advantages and limitations of popular strategies of rhetorical invention used in college composition courses; (2) provide a rationale for including literary criticism in the existing repertoire of rhetorical invention strategies; (3) provide an overview of several paradigms within literary…

  14. 77 FR 7655 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Inventing the Modern...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-13

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Inventing the Modern World: Decorative Arts at the World's Fairs, 1851-1939'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following... ``Inventing the Modern World: Decorative Arts at the World's Fairs, 1851-1939'' imported from abroad...

  15. 48 CFR 227.7011 - Procurement of rights in inventions, patents, and copyrights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... inventions, patents, and copyrights. 227.7011 Section 227.7011 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... COPYRIGHTS Infringement Claims, Licenses, and Assignments 227.7011 Procurement of rights in inventions, patents, and copyrights. Even though no infringement has occurred or been alleged, it is the policy of...

  16. 48 CFR 227.7011 - Procurement of rights in inventions, patents, and copyrights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... inventions, patents, and copyrights. 227.7011 Section 227.7011 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... COPYRIGHTS Infringement Claims, Licenses, and Assignments 227.7011 Procurement of rights in inventions, patents, and copyrights. Even though no infringement has occurred or been alleged, it is the policy of...

  17. 48 CFR 227.7011 - Procurement of rights in inventions, patents, and copyrights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... inventions, patents, and copyrights. 227.7011 Section 227.7011 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... COPYRIGHTS Infringement Claims, Licenses, and Assignments 227.7011 Procurement of rights in inventions, patents, and copyrights. Even though no infringement has occurred or been alleged, it is the policy of...

  18. 37 CFR 1.71 - Detailed description and specification of the invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Detailed description and specification of the invention. 1.71 Section 1.71 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND... enable any person skilled in the art or science to which the invention or discovery appertains, or...

  19. 37 CFR 1.71 - Detailed description and specification of the invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Detailed description and specification of the invention. 1.71 Section 1.71 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND... enable any person skilled in the art or science to which the invention or discovery appertains, or...

  20. 37 CFR 1.71 - Detailed description and specification of the invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Detailed description and specification of the invention. 1.71 Section 1.71 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND... enable any person skilled in the art or science to which the invention or discovery appertains, or...

  1. 76 FR 17840 - Notice of Intent To License Government-Owned Inventions; Intent To License Exclusively

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ... Chemical Biological Center intends to license this invention exclusively to Sage-N Research, Inc, a.... The invention to be licensed is known as ``Methods for Detection and Identification of Cell Types...: Dhirajlal Parekh, Office of Research and Technology Applications, U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical...

  2. The Invention and Early History of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery

    PubMed Central

    Nelson, James A

    2016-01-01

    Nearly four decades after the invention of the N-localizer, its origin and history remain misunderstood. Some are unaware that a third-year medical student invented this technology. The following conspectus accurately chronicles the origin of the N-localizer, presents recently discovered evidence that documents its history, and corrects misconceptions related to its origin and early history. PMID:27462476

  3. 45 CFR 650.10 - Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency. 650.10 Section 650.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PATENTS § 650.10 Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency. Section...

  4. Controversy as a Mode of Invention: The Example of James and Freud.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClish, Glen

    1991-01-01

    Counteracts the overemphasis on introspection that potentially limits composition students' progress in argumentation by endorsing a renewal of classical rhetoric and invention. Explores texts by William James and Sigmund Freud, which are suitable works to provide the framework necessary for a confrontation-based classroom approach to invention.…

  5. 37 CFR 401.10 - Government assignment to contractor of rights in invention of government employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... contractor of rights in invention of government employee. 401.10 Section 401.10 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR TECHNOLOGY POLICY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE BY NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS AND SMALL BUSINESS FIRMS UNDER GOVERNMENT GRANTS, CONTRACTS, AND...

  6. 32 CFR 37.860 - What rights should I obtain for inventions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Matters Intellectual Property § 37.860 What rights should I obtain for inventions? (a) You should negotiate rights in inventions that represent a good balance between the Government's interests (see § 37... provision you negotiate. (b) As long as it is consistent with the balance between DoD interests described...

  7. The Invention and Early History of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery.

    PubMed

    Brown, Russell A; Nelson, James A

    2016-06-14

    Nearly four decades after the invention of the N-localizer, its origin and history remain misunderstood. Some are unaware that a third-year medical student invented this technology. The following conspectus accurately chronicles the origin of the N-localizer, presents recently discovered evidence that documents its history, and corrects misconceptions related to its origin and early history.

  8. Invention and Drafting in the Digital Age: New Approaches to Thinking about Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacci, Tina

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author provides technology-based techniques for prewriting invention and drafting that offer students new ways to look at and think about writing topics and tasks. Rather than creating electronic versions of existing paper-and-pencil invention strategies, the author suggests strategies using commonly owned and used computer…

  9. 48 CFR 2453.227-70 - Form HUD-770, Report of Inventions and Subcontracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Form HUD-770, Report of Inventions and Subcontracts. 2453.227-70 Section 2453.227-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... HUD-770, Report of Inventions and Subcontracts. As prescribed in 2427.305-2, form HUD-770 shall...

  10. 48 CFR 27.305-3 - Securing invention rights acquired by the Government.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Securing invention rights... Government Contracts 27.305-3 Securing invention rights acquired by the Government. (a) Agencies are responsible for implementing procedures necessary to protect the Government's interest in subject...

  11. Linguistic Invention and Semantic Warrant Production: Elementary Teachers' Interpretation of Graphs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walter, Janet; Johnson, Christine

    2007-01-01

    In this qualitative study of mathematical discourse between elementary teachers, we examined linguistic invention and semantic warrant production as participants made successive attempts to communicate mathematical ideas. Linguistic invention is a creative practice of describing mathematics in terms of personal experience. We introduce semantic…

  12. Toward a Civic Rhetoric for Technologically and Scientifically Complex Places: Invention, Performance, and Participation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, W. Michele; Grabill, Jeffrey T.

    2007-01-01

    The spaces in which public deliberation most often takes place are institutionally, technologically, and scientifically complex. In this article, we argue that in order to participate, citizens must be able to invent valued knowledge. This invention requires using complex information technologies to access, assemble, and analyze information in…

  13. Milestones in Science and Technology: The Ready Reference Guide to Discoveries, Inventions, and Facts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mount, Ellis; List, Barbara A.

    This book was compiled to provide information on what the compilers believe to be the 1000 most significant topics in science and technology. Topics cover basic discoveries as well as practical inventions and the main body of the book is arranged alphabetically by the name of the invention or the discovery. Each entry provides a brief description…

  14. Pinyin Invented Spelling in Mandarin Chinese-Speaking Children with and without Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ding, Yi; Liu, Ru-De; McBride, Catherine; Zhang, Dake

    2015-01-01

    This study examined analytical pinyin (a phonological coding system for teaching pronunciation and lexical tones of Chinese characters) skills in 54 Mandarin-speaking fourth graders by using an invented spelling instrument that tapped into syllable awareness, phoneme awareness, lexical tones, and tone sandhi in Chinese. Pinyin invented spelling…

  15. 37 CFR 401.8 - Reporting on utilization of subject inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reporting on utilization of... utilization of subject inventions. (a) Paragraph (h) of the clauses at § 401.14 and its counterpart in the... reports from the contractor on utilization of inventions. Agencies exercising this right should...

  16. 37 CFR 401.8 - Reporting on utilization of subject inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Reporting on utilization of... utilization of subject inventions. (a) Paragraph (h) of the clauses at § 401.14 and its counterpart in the... reports from the contractor on utilization of inventions. Agencies exercising this right should...

  17. 37 CFR 401.8 - Reporting on utilization of subject inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reporting on utilization of... utilization of subject inventions. (a) Paragraph (h) of the clauses at § 401.14 and its counterpart in the... reports from the contractor on utilization of inventions. Agencies exercising this right should...

  18. 37 CFR 401.8 - Reporting on utilization of subject inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Reporting on utilization of... utilization of subject inventions. (a) Paragraph (h) of the clauses at § 401.14 and its counterpart in the... reports from the contractor on utilization of inventions. Agencies exercising this right should...

  19. 10 CFR 81.13 - Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing. 81.13 Section 81.13 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE GRANTING OF PATENT LICENSES Nrc-Owned Inventions-Patents and Applications § 81.13 Publication of...

  20. 10 CFR 81.13 - Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing. 81.13 Section 81.13 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE GRANTING OF PATENT LICENSES Nrc-Owned Inventions-Patents and Applications § 81.13 Publication of...

  1. 10 CFR 81.13 - Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing. 81.13 Section 81.13 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE GRANTING OF PATENT LICENSES Nrc-Owned Inventions-Patents and Applications § 81.13 Publication of...

  2. 10 CFR 81.13 - Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing. 81.13 Section 81.13 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE GRANTING OF PATENT LICENSES Nrc-Owned Inventions-Patents and Applications § 81.13 Publication of...

  3. 63 FR 27564 - Notice of Government Owned Inventions Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1998-05-19

    ... Docket Number: 97-026. Title: Method and Apparatus for Diffraction Measurement Using A Scanning X-Ray... of Commerce, and Digiray Corporation. The present invention relates to x-ray diffraction measurement by using moving x-ray source x-ray diffraction. The invention comprises a raster-scanned x-ray......

  4. 77 FR 14508 - Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Inventions; Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-12

    ... Department of the Navy Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Inventions; Available for Licensing AGENCY: Department of the Navy, DoD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The inventions listed below are assigned to the United... ADJUSTING RANGING DEVICE (a ranging system for use with a projectile launching device). ADDRESSES:...

  5. 45 CFR 650.10 - Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency. 650.10 Section 650.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PATENTS § 650.10 Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency. Section...

  6. 45 CFR 650.10 - Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency. 650.10 Section 650.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PATENTS § 650.10 Inventions also supported by another Federal Agency. Section...

  7. Wallace H. Coulter: decades of invention and discovery.

    PubMed

    Robinson, J Paul

    2013-05-01

    Only a few inventors can be said to have made as great an impact on mankind as Wallace Coulter. His inquisitive mind and ability to see well beyond what existed served him well for 40 years of inventing. So many of the fundamental tools that exist today in the area of hematology were derived from or driven by Coulter's inventions that he could be called the most technological innovator in the field of modern hematology. In achieving these discoveries Wallace Coulter was clearly capable of visualizing future opportunities that few others recognized. His vision was combined with an uncanny ability to translate his ideas into products. He developed a large number of tools that shaped the fields of cytometry, image analysis, and industrial materials. His understanding of the future power of computation drove him to link these technologies in a unique way. In the end, Coulter shaped the technologies that ultimately drove hematology in a new direction, one that remains on a critical pathway linking technology innovation all the way to true translational impact. It was said of Henry Ford that "[h]e has no notion that wealth has made him great, and any one who is imprest merely by his wealth bores him. In his personal contacts he likes to dodge the subject. He would prefer to talk with a machinist about machinery, or with somebody who likes birds about birds. In these contacts, he asks no deference; and if he gets it, he suspects it is mere deference to wealth, and that ends his interest."(1) The same could be said of Wallace Coulter, who, like Ford, understood the concepts of mass production and customer service. Coulter had the ability to recognize the opportunity and fulfill the need for development of a blood-cell counter that could be placed in every pathology laboratory, and in so doing transformed a field from a qualitative to a quantitative environment. Every person who has ever entered a medical lab, hospital, or doctor's office has felt the impact of Coulter

  8. Pathways to literacy: a study of invented spelling and its role in learning to read.

    PubMed

    Ouellette, Gene; Sénéchal, Monique

    2008-01-01

    This intervention study tested whether invented spelling plays a causal role in learning to read. Three groups of kindergarten children (mean age = 5 years 7 months) participated in a 4-week intervention. Children in the invented-spelling group spelled words as best they could and received developmentally appropriate feedback. Children in the 2 comparison groups were trained in phonological awareness or drew pictures. Invented-spelling training benefited phonological and orthographic awareness and reading of words used in the intervention. Importantly, the invented-spelling group learned to read more words in a learn-to-read task than the other groups. The finding are in accord with the view that invented spelling coupled with feedback encourages an analytical approach and facilitates the integration of phonological and orthographic knowledge, hence facilitating the acquisition of reading.

  9. A review of Catherine Milne's book, The Invention of Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gilmer, Penny J.

    2011-12-01

    Catherine Milne's book, The Invention of Science, recounts the history of science (mainly Eurocentric) from cross-cultural, historical and philosophical worldviews. Scientists, science educators, and teachers would find this an interesting book, not only for themselves but also for those with whom they interact. Most accounts are of the great men in science with some to women in science, including reference to the exclusion of women from science. Milne provides thought-provoking activities to use in the classroom, like asking students to write the processes that occur when sugar dissolves in hot tea, with students including the three components of causal explanation. She also encourages teachers to use narratives to help students learn the context of discovery in science. In a comparison of analogical, deductive, inductive and abductive reasoning, she encourages teachers to pay attention to dialogical arguments. Book review author predicts that Milne's book will fit well with the nation's next generation science standards, still in development form. Milne succeeded in her goal "to combine aspects of the philosophy and history; not just to focus on specific scientific ideas but to provide a hint of the complex relationship between place and history, space and time, in the development of Eurocentric science."

  10. Biography of louis braille and invention of the braille alphabet.

    PubMed

    Jiménez, Javier; Olea, Jesús; Torres, Jesús; Alonso, Inmaculada; Harder, Dirk; Fischer, Konstanze

    2009-01-01

    Louis Braille (1809-1852) was born in France. At the age of three, he wounded his right eye with a cobbler's tool while playing in his father's workshop. No medical knowledge could save his eyesight at that time. Louis's left eye became inflamed, apparently due to subsequent sympathetic ophthalmia, and he eventually lost the sight in that eye. At the age of five, Louis Braille was completely blind. He is considered to be the inventor of a writing system by touch that bears his name, the Braille system. This revolutionary system has allowed blind people to access written culture, and it can therefore be considered a major advance in the quality of life for the blind. The immediate precursor of the invention of the Braille system was the alphabet created by Charles Barbier de la Serre (1767-1841) who created a language by touch designed for military and secret use. Louis Braille modified this alphabet into the Braille alphabet, which is practically the same one that is currently used. It required time to be recognized and to be implemented as a reading and writing method for blind people throughout the world. In 1950, UNESCO effectively universalized the Braille alphabet, and in 2005 it recognized Braille system as a "vital language of communication, as legitimate as all other languages in the world."

  11. Protecting new ideas and inventions in nanomedicine with patents.

    PubMed

    Bawa, Raj; Bawa, S R; Maebius, Stephen B; Flynn, Ted; Wei, Chiming

    2005-06-01

    New paradigms are shrinking our world. Tiny is in and patents are essential for success in nanomedicine. In fact, patents are already shaping this nascent and rapidly evolving field. For the past decade a swarm of patent applications pertaining to nanomedicine has been arriving at the US Patent and Trademark Office (PTO). As companies develop products and processes and begin to seek commercial applications for their inventions, securing valid and defensible patent protection will be vital to their long-term survival. As we enter the "golden era" of medicine, or nanomedicine, in the next decade with the field maturing and the promised breakthroughs accruing, patents will generate licensing revenue, provide leverage in deals and mergers, and reduce the likelihood of infringement. Because development of nanobiotechnology- and nanomedicine-related products is extremely research intensive, without the market exclusivity offered by a US patent, development of these products and their commercial viability in the marketplace will be significantly hampered. In this article, we highlight critical issues relating to patenting nanomedicine products. Effects of the "nanopatent land grab" that is underway in nanomedicine by "patent prospectors" are examined as startups and corporations compete to lock up broad patents in these critical early days. Because nanomedicine is multidisciplinary, patenting presents unique opportunities and poses numerous challenges. Although patents are being sought more actively and enforced more vigorously, the entire patent system is under greater scrutiny and strain, with the PTO continuing to struggle with evaluating nanomedicine-related patent applications.

  12. Inventions on baker's yeast strains and specialty ingredients.

    PubMed

    Gélinas, Pierre

    2009-06-01

    Baker's yeast is one of the oldest food microbial starters. Between 1927 and 2008, 165 inventions on more than 337 baker's yeast strains were patented. The first generation of patented yeast strains claimed improved biomass yield at the yeast plant, higher gassing power in dough or better survival to drying to prepare active dry baker's yeast. Especially between 1980 and 1995, a major interest was given to strains for multiple bakery applications such as dough with variable sugar content and stored at refrigeration (cold) or freezing temperatures. During the same period, genetically engineered yeast strains became very popular but did not find applications in the baking industry. Since year 2000, patented baker's yeast strains claimed aroma, anti-moulding or nutritive properties to better meet the needs of the baking industry. In addition to patents on yeast strains, 47 patents were issued on baker's yeast specialty ingredients for niche markets. This review shows that patents on baker's yeast with improved characteristics such as aromatic or nutritive properties have regularly been issued since the 1920's. Overall, it also confirms recent interest for a very wide range of tailored-made yeast-based ingredients for bakery applications.

  13. Modelling Chemical Reasoning to Predict and Invent Reactions.

    PubMed

    Segler, Marwin H S; Waller, Mark P

    2016-11-11

    The ability to reason beyond established knowledge allows organic chemists to solve synthetic problems and invent novel transformations. Herein, we propose a model that mimics chemical reasoning, and formalises reaction prediction as finding missing links in a knowledge graph. We have constructed a knowledge graph containing 14.4 million molecules and 8.2 million binary reactions, which represents the bulk of all chemical reactions ever published in the scientific literature. Our model outperforms a rule-based expert system in the reaction prediction task for 180 000 randomly selected binary reactions. The data-driven model generalises even beyond known reaction types, and is thus capable of effectively (re-)discovering novel transformations (even including transition metal-catalysed reactions). Our model enables computers to infer hypotheses about reactivity and reactions by only considering the intrinsic local structure of the graph and because each single reaction prediction is typically achieved in a sub-second time frame, the model can be used as a high-throughput generator of reaction hypotheses for reaction discovery.

  14. Would anyone invent public power today? Can anyone reinvent it?

    SciTech Connect

    Michaels, R.J. |

    1997-11-01

    Public power will soon have no choice but to compete in markets where losers are bankrupted. It could once justify itself on grounds that one franchise competitor was better than none, but soon the market will be open to any seller that investors are willing to fund. What role then remains for it? Deregulation is already orienting the private sector toward aggressive competition for customers. The nature of corporate organization will drive the change in private supply, but the nature of government will make any such change harder for public power, if it is even possible. If public power cannot adapt, both its underlying rationale and its survival are in question. If public power did not already exist, would there be any reason to invent it today? The author provides a thumbnail history of the competitive relationships of public and private power. For the past 50 years the two systems have coexisted in a stasis that has survived upheavals in economics, technology, and the industry`s legal environment. The stasis itself is evidence of the constraints that regulation placed on competition. The author also examines the comparative economics of corporate and governmental institutions in order to determine the prospects for private and public power in markets dominated by competition for customers. The article ends with a critical look at strategies that public power systems are adopting to cope with the new competition.

  15. The NIHR Invention for Innovation (i4i) Programme

    PubMed Central

    Marjanovic, Sonja; Krapels, Joachim; Sousa, Sonia; Castle-Clarke, Sophie; Horvath, Veronika; Chataway, Joanna

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Invention for Innovation (i4i) programme supports the development of innovative medical technologies for patient benefit. The i4i product development stream involves collaborative projects between at least two partners from academia, the NHS and industry. Medical technology innovators apply for funding for one to three years, through a peer review-based process that includes presentation to a selection panel. The funding and business advice provided by i4i support the development of early-stage innovations, generally at proof of concept and prototype stages. Since its inception the product development stream has identified and supported 170 projects, led by 146 principal investigators (PIs). RAND Europe evaluated the programme, with the aim of identifying its outputs and impacts and examining the factors influencing performance. The evaluation findings should help inform the future of the programme. The evaluation used a multi-method approach, including a focused review of background information from i4i, scoping interviews with key informants, a survey of programme participants and case studies of projects representing diverse technologies and health needs. PMID:28083380

  16. Creativity in Interactive TV: Personalize, Share, and Invent Interfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vatavu, Radu-Daniel

    This chapter tries to induce changes in the way we think about interfaces and currently interact with television today. Either in the comfort of our home, in public shared spaces, or on the go via personal mobile devices, interaction should be intuitive, simple, and undemanding. This chapter is a quest for creativity and invention, it is about bringing new ideas into current interaction paradigms as well as shifting the way we see TV interfaces today. Technology has been available for quite a while now providing mechanisms that allow us to play, record, store, archive, and stream TV-related information, but the way we interface such complex systems and mechanisms is still bound to dozens of buttons on one or more remote controls. When groups of people need to interact simultaneously with today's TV set, the interface barrier immediately appears with all its inherent frustrations: lack of control at the desired time and no immediate availability of the interface; single-viewer and single-task interfacing; and limited or burdensome options for viewing, archiving, and sharing. The ultimate goal of this chapter is to encourage creativity in TV interface design with focus on today's available and affordable technologies such as video cameras and computer vision, computer graphics, and projection equipment all under the same principle: keep the interaction as simple and intuitive as possible and add just a bit of fun to it to make it really captivating.

  17. "Sufficiency" for living organism inventions under the Patents Act 1990 (Cth).

    PubMed

    Lawson, Charles

    2004-02-01

    The Patents Act 1990 (Cth) requires a complete specification to describe the invention. This description is central to the policy objective that the statutory rights under the Patents Act 1990 (Cth) are exchanged for disclosure of the invention, including how to make the invention. In addressing these requirements for "micro-organisms", the Patents Act 1990 (Cth) adopted the Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Micro-organisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure (Budapest Treaty) recognising that the "invented" organism itself may be necessary to make and use the invention, and that a formal description may be of limited value or practicability. The scope of the Budapest Treaty does not, however, extend to a significant class of living organisms outside the class defined by the term "micro-organism". This article reviews the application of the description requirements for living organism inventions under the Patents Act 1990 (Cth) and concludes that some form of public availability or deposit requirements are necessary for invented living organisms that are outside the scope of the Budapest Treaty's "micro-organisms".

  18. Marking Time: The Epic Quest to Invent the Perfect Calendar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steel, Duncan

    2000-12-01

    "If you lie awake worrying about the overnight transition from December 31, 1 b.c., to January 1, a.d. 1 (there is no year zero), then you will enjoy Duncan Steel's Marking Time."--American Scientist "No book could serve as a better guide to the cumulative invention that defines the imaginary threshold to the new millennium."--Booklist A Fascinating March through History and the Evolution of the Modern-Day Calendar . . . In this vivid, fast-moving narrative, you'll discover the surprising story of how our modern calendar came about and how it has changed dramatically through the years. Acclaimed author Duncan Steel explores each major step in creating the current calendar along with the many different systems for defining the number of days in a week, the length of a month, and the number of days in a year. From the definition of the lunar month by Meton of Athens in 432 b.c. to the roles played by Julius Caesar, William the Conqueror, and Isaac Newton to present-day proposals to reform our calendar, this entertaining read also presents "timely" tidbits that will take you across the full span of recorded history. Find out how and why comets have been used as clocks, why there is no year zero between 1 b.c. and a.d. 1, and why for centuries Britain and its colonies rang in the New Year on March 25th. Marking Time will leave you with a sense of awe at the haphazard nature of our calendar's development. Once you've read this eye-opening book, you'll never look at the calendar the same way again.

  19. [Increased reliability of the legal protection of Soviet inventions in the field of microbiology].

    PubMed

    Korovkin, V I

    1978-01-01

    The reliability of juridical protection of microbiological inventions which may result in the production of a commercial product is discussed in the paper. If the structure of an invention is strain-method-product, then juridical protection of each of the objects is possible. Protection of a product would be most reliable, but this is not always possible. Protection of a microbial strain is less typical of an invention, and is not reliable. Protection of a microbiological method of production has advantages over protection of a microbial strain since, in this case, the theory of equivalents can be applied.

  20. 37 CFR 1.489 - Protest to lack of unity of invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority. 1.489 Section 1.489 Patents, Trademarks... Protest to lack of unity of invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority. (a) If the applicant disagrees with the holding of lack of unity of invention by the International...

  1. 48 CFR 1827.305-4 - Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government. (NASA supplements paragraph (a))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Conveyance of invention... PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights Under Government Contracts 1827.305-4 Conveyance of invention... entire right to, title to, and interest in an invention under the clause at 1852.227-70, New...

  2. 37 CFR 1.110 - Inventorship and date of invention of the subject matter of individual claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... invention of the subject matter of individual claims. 1.110 Section 1.110 Patents, Trademarks, and... invention of the subject matter of individual claims. When more than one inventor is named in an application... claim in the application or patent. Where appropriate, the invention dates of the subject matter of...

  3. 37 CFR 1.477 - Protest to lack of unity of invention before the International Searching Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... invention before the International Searching Authority. 1.477 Section 1.477 Patents, Trademarks, and... PATENT CASES International Processing Provisions Unity of Invention § 1.477 Protest to lack of unity of invention before the International Searching Authority. (a) If the applicant disagrees with the holding...

  4. Examining the Relationship between Emergent Literacy Skills and Invented Spelling in Prekindergarten Spanish-Speaking Dual Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pendergast, Meghan; Bingham, Gary; Patton-Terry, Nicole

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine associations among English and Spanish emergent literacy skills of prekindergarten (pre-K) Spanish-speaking dual language learners in relation to their English invented spelling. Study participants included 141 Spanish-speaking 4-year-old children enrolled in state-funded pre-K programs in a large…

  5. The Effects of Instruction of Creative Invention on Students' Situational Interest in Physics Lesson

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leung, Tim

    There are a few empirical studies (Palmer, 2008; Dohn, 2010) or intervention programs (Hidi & Harackiewicz, 2000) about students' situational interest in physics lessons, although the declining interest in physics among students has been well documented in the research literature (Gardner, 1998 ; International Bureau for Education, 2001; European Commission, 2007; Oon & Subramaniam, 2011). Even in the research area of science education, yet little is known about how to trigger students' catching and holding situational interest in a physics lesson. In this study, five intervention lessons of creative invention were developed. Each lesson consists of three parts including Eberle's (1971, 1972) SCAMPER technique on the creative thinking, knowledge and concepts of physics curriculum, hands-on activities related to both SCAMPER technique and physics concepts. Two surveys were developed and used to measure the situational interest and individual interest of students in physics lessons. Qualitative conversational interviews were used to interpret the sources of situational interest of students in physics lessons. Results in this study indicate that new inventive products and television programs or films related to SCAMPER can trigger the catching interest in physics lessons. Meaningful hands-on activities related to both SCAMPER technique and physics concepts can trigger the holding interest in physics lessons. There is no significant difference in situational interest among students with different academic abilities except in the topic related to electronic components. The students with lower academic ability have greater situational interest than the students with higher academic ability in learning the topic related to electronic components. There is no significant difference in situational interest between boys and girls except in the topic related to revolving paper lantern. Girls have higher situational interest than boys in learning the topic related to revolving

  6. Awards Breakfast for Inventions and Contributions Board (ICB), Glenn Alliance for Technology Exchang

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    Awards Breakfast for Inventions and Contributions Board (ICB), Glenn Alliance for Technology Exchange (GATE), Technology Transfer and Partnership Office (TTP), and Research & Development (R&D) 100 Award Winners

  7. NASA Invention of the year Award - 2004. The revolutionary unique braided carbon-fiber thermal barr

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    NASA Invention of the year Award - 2004. The revolutionary unique braided carbon-fiber thermal barrier is designed to with stand the extreme temperature environments in current and future solid rocket motors with application to industrial equipment

  8. 38 CFR 1.652 - Criteria for determining rights to employee inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... (b) Ownership in and to inventions arising under Cooperative Research and Development Agreements... authorized by the Federal Technology Transfer Act. (Authority: 15 U.S.C. 3710a; 37 CFR part 501)...

  9. 38 CFR 1.652 - Criteria for determining rights to employee inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... (b) Ownership in and to inventions arising under Cooperative Research and Development Agreements... authorized by the Federal Technology Transfer Act. (Authority: 15 U.S.C. 3710a; 37 CFR part 501)...

  10. Privacy Act System of Records: Invention Reports Submitted to the EPA, EPA-38

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Learn about the Invention Reports Submitted to the EPA System, including who is covered in the system, the purpose of data collection, routine uses for the system's records, and other security procedures.

  11. Invention and History of the Bubble Chamber (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema

    Glaser, Don

    2016-07-12

    Summer Lecture Series 2006: Don Glaser won the 1960 Nobel Prize for Physics for his 1952 invention of the bubble chamber at Berkeley Lab, a type of particle detector that became the mainstay of high-energy physics research throughout the 1960s and 1970s. He discusses how, inspired by bubbles in a glass of beer, he invented the bubble chamber and detected cosmic-ray muons.

  12. Invention and History of the Bubble Chamber (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    SciTech Connect

    Glaser, Don

    2006-07-12

    Summer Lecture Series 2006: Don Glaser won the 1960 Nobel Prize for Physics for his 1952 invention of the bubble chamber at Berkeley Lab, a type of particle detector that became the mainstay of high-energy physics research throughout the 1960s and 1970s. He discusses how, inspired by bubbles in a glass of beer, he invented the bubble chamber and detected cosmic-ray muons.

  13. Neural representations for the generation of inventive conceptions inspired by adaptive feature optimization of biological species.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hao; Liu, Jia; Zhang, Qinglin

    2014-01-01

    Inventive conceptions amount to creative ideas for designing devices that are both original and useful. The generation of inventive conceptions is a key element of the inventive process. However, neural mechanisms of the inventive process remain poorly understood. Here we employed functional feature association tasks and event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate neural substrates for the generation of inventive conceptions. The functional MRI (fMRI) data revealed significant activations at Brodmann area (BA) 47 in the left inferior frontal gyrus and at BA 18 in the left lingual gyrus, when participants performed biological functional feature association tasks compared with non-biological functional feature association tasks. Our results suggest that the left inferior frontal gyrus (BA 47) is associated with novelty-based representations formed by the generation and selection of semantic relatedness, and the left lingual gyrus (BA 18) is involved in relevant visual imagery in processing of semantic relatedness. The findings might shed light on neural mechanisms underlying the inventive process.

  14. Extending Program Resources: Meeting Necessity with Invention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuston, Judith; Hargens, Mark

    This document describes collaborative strategies used by one school guidance department that allow counselors to complete their designated work without extending their school day. One strategy involves pairing mentors with first-year counselors to help answer their questions. Another uses retired counselors as "substitutes" when regular…

  15. The (amorphous) anatomy of an invention: the case of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

    PubMed

    Prasad, Amit

    2007-08-01

    The priority dispute between Raymond Damadian and Paul Lauterbur over the 'invention' of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has attracted the attention of social and natural scientists for more than 30 years. In this paper, I have used this priority dispute to analyze the complex socio-epistemic processes through which a claim for an invention is made and strengthened. I argue that a tension exists because techno-scientific practices are embedded within a particular disciplinary regime of authorship: even though techno-scientific practices occur through distributed cognition and are contingent upon particular socio-epistemic contexts, a claim for an invention requires assigning authorship to a particular person, company, or institution in order to clearly define the origin and the novelty of that particular techno-scientific event. Nevertheless, the outcomes of socio-epistemic practices for making and strengthening priority claims are shifting, open-ended, and contingent upon particular socio-epistemic contexts.

  16. Using History to Teach Invention and Design: The Case of the Telephone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorman, Michael E.; Robinson, J. Kirby

    This paper shows how a historical case, the invention of the telephone, can be used to teach invention and design in a way that combines engineering, social sciences, and humanities. The historical problem of transmitting speech was turned into an active learning module, in which students sought to improve patents obtained by early telephone inventors like Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray, using equipment similar to what was available at the time. The result was a collaborative learning environment in which students from a wide range of majors worked in teams, eventually producing a patent application. As part of the project, they were allowed to search historical materials like the Bell notebooks, which were made available on line. This experience gave them a better understanding of the invention and design process.

  17. Explicitly searching for useful inventions: dynamic relatedness and the costs of connecting versus synthesizing

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Inventions combine technological features. When features are barely related, burdensomely broad knowledge is required to identify the situations that they share. When features are overly related, burdensomely broad knowledge is required to identify the situations that distinguish them. Thus, according to my first hypothesis, when features are moderately related, the costs of connecting and costs of synthesizing are cumulatively minimized, and the most useful inventions emerge. I also hypothesize that continued experimentation with a specific set of features is likely to lead to the discovery of decreasingly useful inventions; the earlier-identified connections reflect the more common consumer situations. Covering data from all industries, the empirical analysis provides broad support for the first hypothesis. Regressions to test the second hypothesis are inconclusive when examining industry types individually. Yet, this study represents an exploratory investigation, and future research should test refined hypotheses with more sophisticated data, such as that found in literature-based discovery research. PMID:21297855

  18. Explicitly searching for useful inventions: dynamic relatedness and the costs of connecting versus synthesizing.

    PubMed

    Hsieh, Chihmao

    2011-02-01

    Inventions combine technological features. When features are barely related, burdensomely broad knowledge is required to identify the situations that they share. When features are overly related, burdensomely broad knowledge is required to identify the situations that distinguish them. Thus, according to my first hypothesis, when features are moderately related, the costs of connecting and costs of synthesizing are cumulatively minimized, and the most useful inventions emerge. I also hypothesize that continued experimentation with a specific set of features is likely to lead to the discovery of decreasingly useful inventions; the earlier-identified connections reflect the more common consumer situations. Covering data from all industries, the empirical analysis provides broad support for the first hypothesis. Regressions to test the second hypothesis are inconclusive when examining industry types individually. Yet, this study represents an exploratory investigation, and future research should test refined hypotheses with more sophisticated data, such as that found in literature-based discovery research.

  19. Inventions on baker's yeast storage and activation at the bakery plant.

    PubMed

    Gélinas, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    Baker's yeast is the gas-forming ingredient in bakery products. Methods have been invented to properly handle baker's yeast and optimize its activity at the bakery plant. Over the years, incentives for inventions on yeast storage and activation have greatly changed depending on trends in the baking industry. For example, retailer's devices for cutting bulk pressed yeast and techniques for activating dry yeast have now lost their importance. Review of patents for invention indicates that activation of baker's yeast activity has been a very important issue for bakers, for example, with baking ingredients called yeast foods. In the recent years and especially for highly automated bakeries, interest has moved to equipments and processes for optimized storage of liquid cream yeast to thoroughly control dough fermentation and bread quality.

  20. From invention to innovation: Commercialization of new technology by independent and small business inventors

    SciTech Connect

    1989-05-15

    This handbook emerged from the commitment of Energy-Related Inventions Program personnel to supporting the commercialization efforts of independent and small business inventors with new technologies. As you read this document, you will face questions that may seem far removed from technological concerns--questions about the market, your competition, your business structure, and about legal and regulatory requirements. These may seem peripheral to your present and future work. But, make no mistake, you must carefully and honestly consider and answer these if you expect to penetrate the market in sustained way and profit from your work. Over four hundred of your peers--some by success, others by failure--have shown us the lessons incorporated in this volume. By using it, and by commenting on it, you benefit from their collective experience, and make invaluable additions to it. 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  1. Scientific American Inventions From Outer Space: Everyday Uses For NASA Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baker, David

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this book is to present some of the inventions highlighted in the yearly publication of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Spinoff. These inventions cover a wide range, some of which include improvements in health, medicine, public safety, energy, environment, resource management, computer technology, automation, construction, transportation, and manufacturing technology. NASA technology has brought forth thousands of commercial products which include athletic shoes, portable x-ray machines, and scratch-resistant sunglasses, guidance systems, lasers, solar power, robotics and prosthetic devices. These products are examples of NASA research innovations which have positively impacted the community.

  2. Surmounting a PCR challenge using a Contradictory matrix from the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ).

    PubMed

    Drábek, Jiří

    2016-01-01

    In this paper I tested whether Contradictory Matrix with 40 Inventive Principles, the simplest instrument from the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ), is a useful approach to a real-life PCR scenario. The PCR challenge consisted of standardization of fluorescence melting curve measurements in Competitive Amplification of Differentially Melting Amplicons (CADMA) PCR for multiple targets. Here I describe my way of using the TRIZ Matrix to generate seven alternative solutions from which I can choose the successful solution, consisting of repeated cycles of amplification and melting in a single PCR run.

  3. Honour and subsistence: invention, credit and surgery in the nineteenth century.

    PubMed

    Frampton, Sally

    2016-12-01

    The origins of contemporary exclusion of surgical methods from patenting lie in the complexities of managing credit claims in operative surgery, recognized in the nineteenth century. While surgical methods were not deemed patentable, surgeons were nevertheless embedded within patent culture. In an atmosphere of heightened awareness about the importance of 'inventors', how surgeons should be recognized and rewarded for their inventions was an important question. I examine an episode during the 1840s which seemed to concretize the inapplicability of patents to surgical practice, before looking at alternatives to patenting, used by surgeons to gain social and financial credit for inventions.

  4. Invention and the Teacher's Composing Process or What I Learned in Composition Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wess, Robert C.

    This paper presents a narrative account of how the process of discovery pertained to a college instructor's experience in teaching writing, offering it as a potential methodology for other teachers to consider in their own and their students' writing. The first two parts of the paper illustrate the process of primary and secondary invention in…

  5. 37 CFR 1.475 - Unity of invention before the International Searching Authority, the International Preliminary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Unity of invention before the... stage. 1.475 Section 1.475 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE... art. (b) An international or a national stage application containing claims to different categories...

  6. 37 CFR 1.475 - Unity of invention before the International Searching Authority, the International Preliminary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Unity of invention before the... stage. 1.475 Section 1.475 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE... art. (b) An international or a national stage application containing claims to different categories...

  7. 37 CFR 501.6 - Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions. 501.6 Section 501.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNDER... any art or process, machine, design, manufacture, or composition of matter; (ii) To conduct or...

  8. 37 CFR 501.6 - Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions. 501.6 Section 501.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights NATIONAL... any art or process, machine, design, manufacture, or composition of matter; (ii) To conduct or...

  9. 37 CFR 1.475 - Unity of invention before the International Searching Authority, the International Preliminary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Unity of invention before the... stage. 1.475 Section 1.475 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE... art. (b) An international or a national stage application containing claims to different categories...

  10. 37 CFR 501.6 - Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions. 501.6 Section 501.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights NATIONAL... any art or process, machine, design, manufacture, or composition of matter; (ii) To conduct or...

  11. 37 CFR 501.6 - Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Criteria for the determination of rights in and to inventions. 501.6 Section 501.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNDER... any art or process, machine, design, manufacture, or composition of matter; (ii) To conduct or...

  12. 37 CFR 1.475 - Unity of invention before the International Searching Authority, the International Preliminary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Unity of invention before the... stage. 1.475 Section 1.475 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE... art. (b) An international or a national stage application containing claims to different categories...

  13. Connect the Book. Always Inventing: A Photobiography of Alexander Graham Bell

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2004-01-01

    Cell phones, video phones, voice messaging?one wonders what Alexander Graham Bell would have thought about the many venues today for electronic communication with one another. Bell's March 10, 1876 invention is now 128 years old, but there is no doubt that Bell's "talking machine" changed the world. This article presents a brief review of the…

  14. Making Changes: A Futures-Oriented Course in Inventive Problem Solving. Lesson Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, John W.

    This textbook/workbook for secondary school students is designed to stimulate inventive problem solving of future world problems. It is organized into four units and contains 23 lessons. Unit I defines the nature of the course and provides methods for stating and defining problems, brainstorming, working in groups, and judging ideas. Unit II…

  15. Voices in the Classroom: On Being Caught between Pupils' Inventiveness and Ethnographic Naivety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spotti, Massimiliano

    2014-01-01

    This study, part of a larger linguistic ethnographic enquiry carried out in two primary school classrooms in Flanders and the Netherlands, sheds light on the perils faced by the ethnographer caught between pupils' inventiveness and his own ethnographic naivety when dealing with these pupils' ethnolinguistic identity construction. The study first…

  16. 76 FR 17840 - Notice of Intent To License Government-Owned Inventions; Intent To License Exclusively

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ... Chemical Biological Center intends to license these inventions exclusively in the field of virus detection...Engineering Corporation, a Florida Corporation with principal offices at 1717 Edgar Street--Unit 103, and West... McGill telephone: 410-436-8467, eric.s.mcgill@us.army.mil , U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical...

  17. Inventing Motivates and Prepares Student Teachers for Computer-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glogger-Frey, I.; Kappich, J.; Schwonke, R.; Holzäpfel, L.; Nückles, M.; Renkl, A.

    2015-01-01

    A brief, problem-oriented phase such as an inventing activity is one potential instructional method for preparing learners not only cognitively but also motivationally for learning. Student teachers often need to overcome motivational barriers in order to use computer-based learning opportunities. In a preliminary experiment, we found that student…

  18. Thomas Edison's Inventions in the 1900s and Today: From "New" to You! [Lesson Plan].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    The purpose of this lesson is to familiarize students with life and technology around 1900 so that they can better understand how Thomas Edison and his many inventions influenced both. Without some understanding of Edison's time, it is unclear just how significant an impact Edison had on the world, both then and now. While the incandescent light…

  19. 37 CFR 1.131 - Affidavit or declaration of prior invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... under this section in any country other than the United States, a NAFTA country, or a WTO member country. Prior invention may not be established under this section before December 8, 1993, in a NAFTA country other than the United States, or before January 1, 1996, in a WTO member country other than a...

  20. 37 CFR 1.131 - Affidavit or declaration of prior invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... under this section in any country other than the United States, a NAFTA country, or a WTO member country. Prior invention may not be established under this section before December 8, 1993, in a NAFTA country other than the United States, or before January 1, 1996, in a WTO member country other than a...

  1. 37 CFR 1.131 - Affidavit or declaration of prior invention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... under this section in any country other than the United States, a NAFTA country, or a WTO member country. Prior invention may not be established under this section before December 8, 1993, in a NAFTA country other than the United States, or before January 1, 1996, in a WTO member country other than a...

  2. 37 CFR 401.8 - Reporting on utilization of subject inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE BY NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS AND SMALL BUSINESS FIRMS UNDER GOVERNMENT GRANTS, CONTRACTS, AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS § 401.8 Reporting on... clause at Attachment A to OMB Circular A-124 provides that agencies have the right to receive...

  3. Promoting Early Literacy via Practicing Invented Spelling: A Comparison of Different Mediation Routines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Iris; Aram, Dorit

    2013-01-01

    The present study compared the effects of different mediation routines provided to kindergartners from families of low socioeconomic status on the students' invented spelling attempts and on their gains obtained on spelling and other early literacy skills (letter naming, sounds of letters, word segmentation, and word decoding). The effects of the…

  4. 48 CFR 227.7011 - Procurement of rights in inventions, patents, and copyrights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement of rights in inventions, patents, and copyrights. 227.7011 Section 227.7011 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... COPYRIGHTS Infringement Claims, Licenses, and Assignments 227.7011 Procurement of rights in...

  5. Re-Presenting Subversive Songs: Applying Strategies for Invention and Arrangement to Nontraditional Speech Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charlesworth, Dacia

    2010-01-01

    Invention deals with the content of a speech, arrangement involves placing the content in an order that is most strategic, style focuses on selecting linguistic devices, such as metaphor, to make the message more appealing, memory assists the speaker in delivering the message correctly, and delivery ideally enables great reception of the message.…

  6. [Current service invention patents and growth pathways on basis of cluster analysis].

    PubMed

    Yang, Xu-jie; Xiao, Shi-ying

    2012-09-01

    This study aims for enhancing quantity and quality of patents of traditional Chinese medicine compounds of traditional Chinese medicine enterprises, traditional Chinese medicine colleges and relevant institutions while building an efficient pathway for patent protection using simple statistics and cluster analysis, with service invention patent holders of traditional Chinese medicine compounds as the study object.

  7. The Invention of Counting: The Statistical Measurement of Literacy in Nineteenth-Century England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vincent, David

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the invention of counting literacy on a national basis in nineteenth-century Britain. Through an analysis of Registrar Generals' reports, it describes how the early statisticians wrestled with the implications of their new-found capacity to describe a nation's communications skills in a single table and how they were unable…

  8. Rhetorical Listening: A Trope for Interpretive Invention and a "Code of Cross-Cultural Conduct."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ratcliffe, Krista

    1999-01-01

    Invites further conversations on how listening may inform composition studies. Explores disciplinary and cultural biases that subordinate listening to reading, writing and speaking. Speculates why listening is needed. Offers an extended definition of rhetorical listening as a trope for interpretive invention. Demonstrates how rhetorical listening…

  9. The Invention Process in Composition: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography, 1950-1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoyer, Linda Elaine

    The annotated bibliography which constituted the bulk of this masters thesis focuses on material dealing with rhetorical invention and the act of creativity and should be useful to the teacher of composition. Articles and books from other disciplines, as well as those from the field of English, are included. Items are divided into four categories:…

  10. Mapping Experiment as a Learning Process: How the First Electromagnetic Motor Was Invented.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gooding, David

    1990-01-01

    Introduced is a notation to map out an experiment as an active process in a real-world environment and display the human aspect written out of most narratives. Comparing maps of accounts can show how knowledge-construction depends on narrative reconstruction. Emphasized are nonverbal and procedural aspects of discovery and invention. (KR)

  11. How Emotional Stability and Openness to Experience Support Invention: A Study with German Independent Inventors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mieg, Harald A.; Bedenk, Stephan J.; Braun, Anna; Neyer, Franz J.

    2012-01-01

    How does invention depend on personality? Do inventors differ from noninventors? This study investigated the personal factors influencing a sample of independent inventors in Germany (N = 69). Standardized psychological questionnaires were employed to assess the Big Five personality dimensions, willingness to take risks, self-concept, and…

  12. The Effects of Writing Activities on Grade 4 Children's Understanding of Simple Machines, Inventions, and Inventors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucknott, Joan M.; Yore, Larry D.

    This paper explores the effects of infusing writing-to-learn strategies into an inquiry-oriented science unit on simple machines, inventions and inventors. This study used an intact group pretest and posttest design to capture the ecological validity of a classroom of grade 4 students and teacher. The design incorporated quantitative research…

  13. Appropriating Invention through Concept Maps in Writing for Multimedia and the Web

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacabac, Florence Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    As an alternative approach to web preproduction, I propose the use of concept maps for invention of website projects in business and professional writing courses. This mapping device approximates our students' initial site plans since rough ideas are formed based on a substantial exploratory technique. Incorporated in various disciplines, the…

  14. 76 FR 54222 - Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Inventions; Available for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ... States Government as represented by the Secretary of the Navy and are available for licensing by the..., filed November 30, 2010; U.S. Patent Application Number 13/053,769: SCR Module Dynamic Counter Tester... inventions are broadly commercialized throughout the United States. A Patent Cooperation Treaty...

  15. Vowel Representations in the Invented Spellings of Spanish-English Bilingual Kindergartners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raynolds, Laura B.; Uhry, Joanna K.; Brunner, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    The study compared the invented spelling of vowels in kindergarten native Spanish speaking children with that of English monolinguals. It examined whether, after receiving phonics instruction for short vowels, the spelling of native Spanish-speaking kindergartners would contain phonological errors that were influenced by their first language.…

  16. 76 FR 31307 - Notice of Intent To License Government-Owned Inventions; Intent To License Exclusively

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-31

    ... the United States Government as represented by the Secretary of the Army. The US Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center and the US Army Research Laboratory intend to license these inventions..., 2004. ``Enhancing Protein Activity through Nanoencapsulation,'' and US Patent No. 6.773,928, issued...

  17. 75 FR 80798 - Availability for Exclusive, Non-Exclusive, or Partially-Exclusive Licensing of Inventions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ... Inventions Concerning an Inactivated Dengue Virus Vaccine and a Method and Kit for Detection of Dengue Virus... ``Inactivated Dengue Virus Vaccine,'' and U.S. Patent 6,190,859, entitled ``Method and Kit for Detection of Dengue Virus,'' issued February 20, 2001. The United States Government, as represented by the...

  18. External Representation and the Architecture of Music: Children Inventing and Speaking about Notations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pramling, Niklas

    2009-01-01

    This study concerns children's representational knowledge, more specifically, their "invented notations" of music. A small-scale empirical study of four 5-year-old children and their teachers working on the representation of music is reported. The challenges posed by the teachers and how the children respond to these challenges are analysed. The…

  19. Memory, Literacy, and Invention: Reimagining the Canon of Memory for the Writing Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Kathleen J.

    2004-01-01

    This article challenges the assumption that the canon of memory means memorization and transcription, and, as a result, has little relevance for the writing classroom. An examination of the canon's historical legacy and its relationships to literacy and invention open a space for redefining the canon of memory as "rememoried knowing." In brief,…

  20. Pinyin Invented Spelling in Mandarin Chinese-Speaking Children With and Without Reading Difficulties.

    PubMed

    Ding, Yi; Liu, Ru-De; McBride, Catherine; Zhang, Dake

    2015-01-01

    This study examined analytical pinyin (a phonological coding system for teaching pronunciation and lexical tones of Chinese characters) skills in 54 Mandarin-speaking fourth graders by using an invented spelling instrument that tapped into syllable awareness, phoneme awareness, lexical tones, and tone sandhi in Chinese. Pinyin invented spelling was significantly correlated with Chinese character recognition and Chinese phonological awareness (i.e., syllable deletion and phoneme deletion). In comparison to good and average readers, poor readers performed significantly worse on the invented spelling task, and a difference was also found between average and good readers. To differentiate readers at different levels, the pinyin invented spelling task, which examined both segmental and suprasegmental elements, was superior to the typical phonological awareness task, which examined segments only. Within this new task, items involving tone sandhi (Chinese language changes in which the tones of words alter according to predetermined rules) were more difficult to manipulate than were those without tone sandhi. The findings suggest that this newly developed task may be optimal for tapping unique phonological and linguistic features in reading of Chinese and examining particular tonal difficulties in struggling Chinese readers. In addition, the results suggest that phonics manipulations within tasks of phonological and tonal awareness can alter their difficulty levels.