van den Ancker, Hanneke; Jungerius, Pieter Dirk
A large part of the countryside roads on the Pleistocene sands of The Netherlands are dirt roads. Most are footpaths, but a small percentage are relatively heavily used by motorized vehicles. These latter roads are a cause subject of debate. Puddles and potholes develop during periods of wet weather, while dust whirls from the roads form during spells of dry weather as do washboard ripples. They cause problems for people living along these roads and tourists (walkers and bikers. The community of Ede (NL), like many other communities on the sand, wants to keep its 80 km of dirt roads because of the natural values they harbour as well as for their characteristic landscape quality and cultural heritage value. A part of the dirt roads in Ede is heavily used. In 2009, the community of Ede developed a decision model to support management of the dirt roads. Ede acknowledges that each dirt road is unique and asks for a tailor-made solution. Road maintenance measures include grading, making a camber, digging pits, applying loam or sandy loam. If problems become too large, one-way traffic can be an option. In more and more cases the dirt roads are barred for motorized through traffic (Gemeente Ede, 2009). As a reconnaissance we have studied the dirt roads of the Horabos/Horalaan over the last year. Incidentally we looked at other parts of the main Horalaan and the footpaths in the adjacent forest of Hoekelum. All dirt roads lie near the top of a Saalian push-moraine in which the upper course of dry valleys are present. Some results of the reconnaissance: - Most dirt roads sections in the Horabos lie lower than the surrounding terrain; - The problems develop in a short period of time during special weather conditions; - Certain dirt road sections e.g. those sections crossing a slight depression are quickly developing potholes; - Even a small slope of the road (< 2 degrees) causes water to flow over the road and form rills in the pavement. On preferential spots the rills
Jungerius, Pieter Dirk; van den Ancker, Hanneke; Arts, Andries; Borkent, Ido; Ketner-Oostra, Rita; Ketner, Pieter
most Natura-2000 species had disappeared from these areas. Discussion and recommendations From the Natura-2000 viewpoint the restoration measures were very successful as the terrain now classifies as habitat type 2330. Different views exist on how to further manage the terrain. One view is to try and create a steady-state situation by regularly removing part of the Corynephorus canescens vegetation and having an active erosion- and transport-zone while further increasing the erosivity of the wind by removing more trees. Another view is to let succession have its way, and see which species appear in the course of succession. As cells in successive stages are now available, we propose to test the different views and proceed with the monitoring of the terrains. Reference Ancker, J.A.M. van den, Everts, H., Jungerius, P.D. & Ketner-Oostra, R., 2002. Vooronderzoek herstel stuifzanden gemeente Bergen (Limburg). Rapport Stichting G&L, Ede, i.s.m. Rita Ketner en Ecologisch Advies & Onderzoeksbureau Everts & de Vries, i.o.v. de gemeente Bergen (Li).