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Sample records for janis birgelis jt

  1. Five-dimensional Janis-Newman algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erbin, Harold; Heurtier, Lucien

    2015-08-01

    The Janis-Newman algorithm has been shown to be successful in finding new stationary solutions of four-dimensional gravity. Attempts for a generalization to higher dimensions have already been found for the restricted cases with only one angular momentum. In this paper we propose an extension of this algorithm to five-dimensions with two angular momenta—using the prescription of Giampieri—through two specific examples, that are the Myers-Perry and BMPV black holes. We also discuss possible enlargements of our prescriptions to other dimensions and maximal number of angular momenta, and show how dimensions higher than six appear to be much more challenging to treat within this framework. Nonetheless this general algorithm provides a unification of the formulation in d=3,4,5 of the Janis-Newman algorithm, from which several examples are exposed, including the BTZ black hole.

  2. Newman-Janis Ansatz in conformastatic spacetimes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gutiérrez-Piñeres, Antonio C.; Quevedo, Hernando

    2016-11-01

    The Newman-Janis Ansatz was used first to obtain the stationary Kerr metric from the static Schwarzschild metric. Many works have been devoted to investigate the physical significance of this Ansatz, but no definite answer has been given so far. We show that this Ansatz can be applied in general to conformastatic vacuum metrics, and leads to stationary generalizations which, however, do not preserve the conformal symmetry. We investigate also the particular case when the seed solution is given by the Schwarzschild spacetime and show that the resulting rotating configuration does not correspond to a vacuum solution, even in the limiting case of slow rotation. In fact, it describes in general a relativistic fluid with anisotropic pressure and heat flux. This implies that the Newman-Janis Ansatz strongly depends on the choice of representation for the seed solution. We interpret this result as a further indication of its applicability limitations.

  3. The 1906 earthquake at Palo Alto, California; an interview with Birge M. Clark

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Spall, H.

    1981-01-01

    Mr.Birge M. Clark, an architect in Palo Alto, Calif., was living in Palo Alto at the time of the 1906 earthquake. his father-in-law was Professor S. D. Townley, well known for his 1939 compilation, with Maxwell W. Allen, of earthquakes along the Pacific coast from 1769 to 1928. 

  4. Group Dynamics in Janis's Theory of Groupthink: Backward and Forward.

    PubMed

    McCauley

    1998-02-01

    Janis's groupthink theory is an appealing explanation of how group process can get in the way of optimal decision making. Unfortunately, Janis was selective and not always consistent in his application of research in group dynamics. This paper traces groupthink to its theoretical roots in order to suggest how a broader and more consistent use of research in group dynamics can advance understanding of decision-making problems. In particular, the paper explores and reinterprets the groupthink prediction that poor decision making is most likely when group cohesion is based on the personal attractiveness of group members. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  5. Production of N2 Vegard-Kaplan and Lyman-Birge-Hopfield emissions on Pluto

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jain, Sonal Kumar; Bhardwaj, Anil

    2015-01-01

    We have developed a model to calculate the emission intensities of various vibrational transitions of N2 triplet band and Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions in the dayglow of Pluto for solar minimum, moderate, and maximum conditions. The calculated overhead intensities of Vegard-Kaplan (A3Σu+ -X1 Σg+) , First Positive (B3Πg -A3 Σu+), Second Positive (C3Πu -B3Πg) , Wu-Benesch (W3Δu -B3Πg) , Reverse First Positive, and LBH (a1Πg -X1 Σg+) bands of N2 are 17 (74), 14.8 (64), 2.4 (10.8), 2.9 (12.7), 2.9 (12.5), and 2.3 (10) R, respectively, for solar minimum (maximum) condition. We have predicted the overhead and limb intensities of VK (150-190 nm) and LBH (120-190 nm) bands of N2 on Pluto for the New Horizons (NH) flyby condition that can be observed by ALICE: the ultraviolet imaging spectrograph also know as P-ALICE. The predicted limb intensities of VK and LBH bands peak at radial distance of ∼2000 km with the value of about 5 (13) and 9.5 (22) R for solar zenith angle 60° (0°), respectively. We have also calculated overhead and limb intensities of few prominent transition of CO Fourth Positive bands for NH flyby condition.

  6. Janie Porter Barrett (1865-1948): Exemplary African American Correctional Educator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muth, Bill; Gehring, Thom; Puffer, Margaret; Mayers, Camille; Kamusikiri, Sandra; Pressley, Glenda

    2009-01-01

    One problem with the literature of correctional education (CE) and prison reform is that the contributions of African Americans have been generally neglected. This is the first of three essays that will begin to fill that gap. Janie Porter Barrett was an important Virginia leader in the period before and after the turn of the 20th century. She…

  7. A curve of growth determination of the f-values for the fourth positive system of CO and the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield system of N2.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pilling, M. J.; Bass, A. M.; Braun, W.

    1971-01-01

    The curve of growth method has been employed to determine f-values for the fourth positive system of CO and the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole components of the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield system of N2. No significant dependence on r-centroid was found. The mean value of the ratio of the electric quadrupole to magnetic dipole f-values was 0.076.

  8. JT8D engine performance retention

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    James, A. D.; Weisel, D. R.

    1981-01-01

    The attractive performance retention characteristics of the JT8D engine are described. Because of its moderate bypass ratio and turbine temperature, and stiff structural design, the performance retention versus flight cycles of the JT8D engine sets a standard that is difficult for other engines to equal. In addition, the significant benefits of refurbishment of the JT8D engine are presented. Cold section refurbishment offers thrust specific fuel consumption improvements of up to 2 percent and payback in less than a year, making a very attractive investment option for the airlines.

  9. JANIS 4: An Improved Version of the NEA Java-based Nuclear Data Information System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soppera, N.; Bossant, M.; Dupont, E.

    2014-06-01

    JANIS is software developed to facilitate the visualization and manipulation of nuclear data, giving access to evaluated data libraries, and to the EXFOR and CINDA databases. It is stand-alone Java software, downloadable from the web and distributed on DVD. Used offline, the system also makes use of an internet connection to access the NEA Data Bank database. It is now also offered as a full web application, only requiring a browser. The features added in the latest version of the software and this new web interface are described.

  10. JANIS 4: An Improved Version of the NEA Java-based Nuclear Data Information System

    SciTech Connect

    Soppera, N. Bossant, M.; Dupont, E.

    2014-06-15

    JANIS is software developed to facilitate the visualization and manipulation of nuclear data, giving access to evaluated data libraries, and to the EXFOR and CINDA databases. It is stand-alone Java software, downloadable from the web and distributed on DVD. Used offline, the system also makes use of an internet connection to access the NEA Data Bank database. It is now also offered as a full web application, only requiring a browser. The features added in the latest version of the software and this new web interface are described.

  11. Recasting Janis's Groupthink Model: The Key Role of Collective Efficacy in Decision Fiascoes.

    PubMed

    Whyte

    1998-02-01

    This paper advances an explanation for decision fiascoes that reflects recent theoretical trends and was developed in response to a growing body of research that has failed to substantiate the groupthink model (Janis, 1982). In this new framework, the lack of vigilance and preference for risk that characterizes groups contaminated by groupthink are attributed in large part to perceptions of collective efficacy that unduly exceed capability. High collective efficacy may also contribute to the negative framing of decisions and to certain administrative and structural organizational faults. In the making of critical decisions, these factors induce a preference for risk and a powerful concurrence seeking tendency that, facilitated by group polarization, crystallize around a decision option that is likely to fail. Implications for research and some evidence in support of this approach to the groupthink phenomenon are also discussed. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  12. Remote sensing of neutral temperatures in the Earth's thermosphere using the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands of N2: Comparisons with satellite drag data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krywonos, Andrey; Murray, D. J.; Eastes, R. W.; Aksnes, A.; Budzien, S. A.; Daniell, R. E.

    2012-09-01

    This paper presents remotely sensed neutral temperatures obtained from ultraviolet observations and compares them with temperatures from the NRLMSISE-00 version of the Mass Spectrometer and Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) model (unconstrained and constrained to match the total densities from satellite drag). Latitudinal profiles of the temperatures in the Earth's thermosphere are obtained by inversion of high-resolution (˜1.3 Å) observations of the (1,1) and (5,4) Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) bands of N2. The spectra are from the High resolution Ionospheric and Thermospheric Spectrograph (HITS) instrument aboard the Advanced Research and Global Observation Satellite (ARGOS). The results indicate that on each day examined there was consistency between the remotely sensed thermospheric temperatures, the densities from coincident satellite drag measurements at adjacent altitudes, and the NRLMSISE-00 model.

  13. JT8D and JT9D jet engine performance improvement program. Task 1: Feasibility analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaffin, W. O.; Webb, D. E.

    1979-01-01

    JT8D and JT9D component performance improvement concepts which have a high probability of incorporation into production engines were identified and ranked. An evaluation method based on airline payback period was developed for the purpose of identifying the most promising concepts. The method used available test data and analytical models along with conceptual/preliminary designs to predict the performance improvements, weight, installation characteristics, cost for new production and retrofit, maintenance cost, and qualitative characteristics of candidate concepts. These results were used to arrive at the concept payback period, which is the time required for an airline to recover the investment cost of concept implementation.

  14. JT-60SA superconducting magnet system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koide, Y.; Yoshida, K.; Wanner, M.; Barabaschi, P.; Cucchiaro, A.; Davis, S.; Decool, P.; Di Pietro, E.; Disset, G.; Genini, L.; Hajnal, N.; Heller, R.; Honda, A.; Ikeda, Y.; Kamada, Y.; Kashiwa, Y.; Kizu, K.; Kamiya, K.; Murakami, H.; Michel, F.; Marechal, J. L.; Phillips, G.; Polli, G. M.; Rossi, P.; Shibanuma, K.; Takahata, K.; Tomarchio, V.; Tsuchiya, K.; Usui, K.; Verrecchia, M.; Zani, L.

    2015-08-01

    The most distinctive feature of the superconducting magnet system for JT-60SA is the optimized coil structure in terms of the space utilization as well as the highly accurate coil manufacturing, thus meeting the requirements for the steady-state tokamak research: a conceptually new outer inter-coil structure separated from the casing is introduced to the toroidal field coils to realize their slender shape, allowing large-bore diagnostic ports for detailed plasma measurements. A method to minimize the manufacturing error of the equilibrium-field coils has been established, aiming at the precise plasma shape/position control. A compact butt-joint has been successfully developed for the Central Solenoid, which allows an optimized utilization of the limited space for the Central Solenoid to extend the duration of the plasma pulse.

  15. JT8D-100 turbofan engine, phase 1. [noise reduction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    The JT8D turbofan engine, widely used in short and medium range transport aircraft, contributes substantially to airport community noise. The jet noise is predominant in the JT8D engine and may be reduced in a modified engine, without loss of thrust, by increasing the airflow to reduce jet velocity. A configuration study evaluated the effects of fan airflow, fan pressure ratio, and bypass ratio on noise, thrust, and fuel comsumption. The cycle selected for the modified engine was based upon an increased diameter, single-stage fan and two additional core engine compressor stages, which replace the existing two-stage fan. Modifications were also made to the low pressure turbine to provide the increased torque required by the larger diameter fan. The resultant JT8D-100 engine models have the following characteristics at take-off thrust, compared to the current JT8D engine: Airflow and bypass ratio are increased, and fan pressure ratio and engine speed are reduced. The resultant engine is also longer, larger in diameter, and heavier than the JT8D base model, but these latter changes are compensated by the increased thrust and decreased fuel comsumption of the modified engine, thus providing the capability for maintaining the performance of the current JT8D-powered aircraft.

  16. A key esterase required for the mineralization of quizalofop-p-ethyl by a natural consortium of Rhodococcus sp. JT-3 and Brevundimonas sp. JT-9.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hui; Li, Mengya; Li, Jie; Wang, Guangli; Li, Feng; Xu, Dayong; Liu, Yuan; Xiong, Minghua

    2017-04-05

    A natural consortium, named L1, of Rhodococcus sp. JT-3 and Brevundimonas sp. JT-9 was obtained from quizalofop-p-ethyl (QE) polluted soil. The consortium was able to use QE as a sole carbon source for growth and degraded 100mgL(-1) of QE in 60h. Strain JT-3 initiated the catabolism of QE to quizalofop acid (QA), which was used by strain JT-9 as carbon source for growth and to simultaneously feed strain JT-3. A novel esterase EstS-JT, which was responsible for the transformation of QE to QA and essential for the mineralization of QE by the consortium, was cloned from strain JT-3. EstS-JT showed low amino acid identity to other reported esterases from esterase family VIII and represents a new member of this family. The deduced amino acid sequence contained the esterase family VIII conserved motifs S-X-X-K, YSV and WAG. The purified recombinant EstS-JT displayed maximal esterase activity at 35°C and pH 7.5. An inhibitor assay, site-directed mutagenesis and 3D modeling analysis revealed that S64, K67 and Y175 were essential for catalysis and probably comprised the catalytic center of EstS-JT. Additionally, EstS-JT had broad substrate specificity and was capable of hydrolyzing p-nitrophenyl esters (C2-C8) and various AOPP herbicides.

  17. JT15D simulated flight data evaluation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holm, R. G.

    1984-01-01

    The noise characteristics of the JT15D turbofan engine was analyzed with the objectives of: (1) assessing the state-of-art ability to simulate flight acoustic data using test results acquired in wind tunnel and outdoor (turbulence controlled) environments; and (2) predicting the farfield noise directivity of the blade passage frequency (BPF) tonal components using results from rotor blade mounted dynamic pressure instrumentation. Engine rotor tip speeds at subsonic, transonic, and supersonic conditions were evaluated. The ability to simulate flight results was generally within 2-3 dB for both outdoor and wind tunnel acoustic results. Some differences did occur in the broadband noise level and in the multiple-pure-tone harmonics at supersonic tip speeds. The prediction of blade passage frequency tone directivity from dynamic pressure measurements was accomplished for the three tip speed conditions. Predictions were made of the random and periodic components of the tone directivity. The technique for estimating the random tone component used hot wire data to establish a correlation between dynamic pressure and turbulence intensity. This prediction overestimated the tone level by typically 10 dB with the greatest overestimates occurring at supersonic conditions.

  18. Performance verification tests of JT-60SA CS model coil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Obana, Tetsuhiro; Murakami, Haruyuki; Takahata, Kazuya; Hamaguchi, Shinji; Chikaraishi, Hirotaka; Mito, Toshiyuki; Imagawa, Shinsaku; Kizu, Kaname; Natsume, Kyohei; Yoshida, Kiyoshi

    2015-11-01

    As a final check of the coil manufacturing method of the JT-60 Super Advanced (JT-60SA) central solenoid (CS), we verified the performance of a CS model coil. The model coil comprised a quad-pancake wound with a Nb3Sn cable-in-conduit conductor. Measurements of the critical current, joint resistance, pressure drop, and magnetic field were conducted in the verification tests. In the critical-current measurement, the critical current of the model coil coincided with the estimation derived from a strain of -0.62% for the Nb3Sn strands. As a result, critical-current degradation caused by the coil manufacturing process was not observed. The results of the performance verification tests indicate that the model coil met the design requirements. Consequently, the manufacturing process of the JT-60SA CS was established.

  19. MIXING STUDY FOR JT-71/72 TANKS

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, S.

    2013-11-26

    All modeling calculations for the mixing operations of miscible fluids contained in HBLine tanks, JT-71/72, were performed by taking a three-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) approach. The CFD modeling results were benchmarked against the literature results and the previous SRNL test results to validate the model. Final performance calculations were performed by using the validated model to quantify the mixing time for the HB-Line tanks. The mixing study results for the JT-71/72 tanks show that, for the cases modeled, the mixing time required for blending of the tank contents is no more than 35 minutes, which is well below 2.5 hours of recirculation pump operation. Therefore, the results demonstrate the adequacy of 2.5 hours’ mixing time of the tank contents by one recirculation pump to get well mixed.

  20. JT9D ceramic outer air seal system refinement program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaffin, W. O.

    1982-01-01

    The abradability and durability characteristics of the plasma sprayed system were improved by refinement and optimization of the plasma spray process and the metal substrate design. The acceptability of the final seal system for engine testing was demonstrated by an extensive rig test program which included thermal shock tolerance, thermal gradient, thermal cycle, erosion, and abradability tests. An interim seal system design was also subjected to 2500 endurance test cycles in a JT9D-7 engine.

  1. RF heating and current drive experiment on JT-60

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1987-09-01

    Recent experimental results of Lower Hybrid and Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequencies (LHRF and ICRF) heating and current drive are presented on JT-60 at JAERI. Three LHRF at 2 GHz and one ICRF at 120 MHz system are installed in JT-60. Each unit has launched 2.1-2.4 MW of RF power into the JT-60, so far. Steady current up to 2 MA for 2.5 sec have been maintained only by LHCD at a density of ne=0.32×1019 m-3 with 3.1 MW. The current drive efficiency defined by ɛCD=ne (1019 m-3)R(m)IRF(MA)/PLH(MW) reach 1.5-3.0 by combination of LHCD and NBI heating. High central electron heating up to 6 keV is demonstrated at the density ne=1.7×10-19 m-3. Current profile control and improvement of energy confinement time via LHCD is observed with and without NBI heating. Optimization of the second harmonic ICRF heating is studied with 2×2 phased loop antenna. In combination heating of ICRF and NBI, remarkable beam acceleration is observed in the plasma core.

  2. Conceptual design of the JT-60SA cryogenic system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lamaison, V.; Beauvisage, J.; Fejoz, P.; Girard, S.; Gonvalves, R.; Gondé, R.; Heloin, V.; Michel, F.; Hoa, C.; Kamiya, K.; Roussel, P.; Vallet, J.-C.; Wanner, M.; Yoshida, K.

    2014-01-01

    The superconducting tokamak JT-60 Super Advanced (JT-60SA) is part of the Broader Approach Programme agreed between Europe and Japan. Among other in kind contributions, CEA is in charge of supplying the Cryogenic System which includes a Warm Compression Station, the Refrigerator Cold Box, the Auxiliary Cold Box, a compressed air station and the vacuum systems. The cryogenic system requires a refrigeration capacity of about 8 kW equivalent at 4.5 K. It will supply cryopump panels at 3.7 K, superconducting magnets and cold structures at 4.4 K, HTS current leads at 50 K, and thermal shields between 80 K and 100 K. The contract for design, manufacture, installation and commissioning was signed between CEA and Air Liquide Advanced Technologies (AL-AT) in November 2012. The Cryogenic System shall be operational in 2016. The paper presents the main technical requirements and the limit of supply, the description of the process proposed by AL-AT, the main components, the preliminary layout and the interfaces at the JT-60SA Naka site.

  3. Results of acoustic testing of the JT8D-109 refan engines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burdsall, E. A.; Brochu, F. P.; Scaramella, V. M.

    1975-01-01

    A JT8D engine was modified to reduce jet noise levels by 6-8 PNdB at takeoff power without increasing fan generated noise levels. Designated the JT8D-109, the modified engines featured a larger single stage fan, and acoustic treatment in the fan discharge ducts. Noise levels were measured on an outdoor test facility for eight engine/acoustic treatment configurations. Compared to the baseline JT8D, the fully treated JT8D-109 showed reductions of 6 PNdB at takeoff, and 11 PNdB at a typical approach power setting.

  4. 76 FR 72130 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT9D Series Turbofan Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-22

    ... revisions to the Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) of the manufacturer's Instructions for Continued... life-limited parts. This proposed AD would require additional revisions to the JT9D series engines ALS... all PW JT9D series turbofan engines. That AD requires revisions to the ALS of the manufacturer's...

  5. Production of a novel monoclonal antibody, JT-95, which can detect antigen of thyroid carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Takeyama, H; Hosoya, T; Sakurai, K; Mori, Y; Watanabe, M; Kisaki, H; Ohno, T

    1996-04-15

    Monoclonal antibody (MAb) JT-95 was produced by immunization of mice with membrane fractions of a human thyroid carcinoma. Immuno-histochemical staining has demonstrated that the antigen recognized by JT-95 is strongly expressed in 95 (95%) of 100 cases of papillary carcinomas and in 3 (75%) of 4 cases of follicular carcinomas. In benign diseases of the thyroid gland, MAb JT-95 reacted with 0 (0%) of 39 adenomas, 1 (4%) of 21 adenomatous goiters, 0 (0%) of 8 hyperthyroidism specimens, and 3 (38%) of 8 chronic thyroiditis specimens. The antigen detected by MAb JT-95 has an apparent Mr 250,000 in thyroid carcinomas. Moreover, circulating antigen in thyroid carcinoma patients was detected by MAb JT-95 in an ELISA and in Western blotting. The circulating antigen has a Mr 105,000. MAb JT-95 conjugated with (131) I was administrated to nude mice bearing a human thyroid carcinoma. JT-95 131I accumulation at the transplanted tumor was visualized by autoradiography with 2.68-14.75-fold higher levels detected at the xenograft compared to that for normal organs. Based on these data, MAb JT-95 may be useful in the diagnosis detection and therapy of thyroid carcinoma.

  6. Development of a J-T Micro Compressor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Champagne, P.; Olson, J. R.; Nast, T.; Roth, E.; Collaco, A.; Kaldas, G.; Saito, E.; Loung, V.

    2015-12-01

    Lockheed Martin has developed and tested a space-quality compressor capable of delivering closed-loop gas flow with a high pressure ratio, suitable for driving a Joule- Thomson cold head. The compressor is based on a traditional “Oxford style” dual-opposed piston compressor with linear drive motors and flexure-bearing clearance-seal technology for high reliability and long life. This J-T compressor retains the approximate size, weight, and cost of the ultra-compact, 200 gram Lockheed Martin Pulse Tube Micro Compressor, despite the addition of a flow-rectifying system to convert the AC pressure wave into a steady flow.

  7. Improvement of JT-60U Negative Ion Source Performance

    SciTech Connect

    L.R. Grisham; M. Kuriyama; M. Kawai; T. Itoh; N. Umeda; JT-60U Team

    2000-11-15

    The negative ion neutral beam system now operating on JT-60U was the first application of negative ion technology to the production of beams of high current and power for conversion to neutral beams, and has successfully demonstrated the feasibility of negative ion beam heating systems for ITER and future tokamak reactors [1, 2]. It also demonstrated significant electron heating[3] and high current drive efficiency in JT-60U[4]. Because this was such a large advance in the state of the art with respect to all system parameters, many new physical processes appeared during the earlier phases of the beam injection experiments. We have explored the physical mechanisms responsible for these processes, and implemented solutions for some of them, in particular excessive beam stripping, the secular dependence of the arc and beam parameters, and nonuniformity of the plasma illuminating the beam extraction grid. This has reduced the percentage of beam heat loading on the downstream grids by roug hly a third, and permitted longer beam pulses at higher powers. Progress is being made in improving the negative ion current density, and in coping with the sensitivity of the cesium in the ion sources to oxidation by tiny air or water leaks, and the cathode operation is being altered.

  8. Performance Study on ST/JT Hybrid Cryocoolers Working at Liquid Helium Temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dongli, Liu; Xuan, Tao; Xiao, Sun; Zhihua, Gan

    The ST/JT hybridcryocooler consists of a Stirling-typecryocooler and a J-T loop. The common process of steady-state operation is given. Pressure-Enthalpy map analysis and thermodynamic calculation showhow the precooling temperature, high pressure and recuperator effectiveness affect thecooling powerat liquid helium temperature. Applying the current performance level of the Stirling cooler,the overall COP of the hybrid cryocooleris roughly optimized. This performance study shows that the hybrid cryocooler can develop its performance potential with improved J-T compressors with larger pressure ratio and aprecooler working at lower temperature.

  9. JT8D high pressure compressor performance improvement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaffin, W. O.

    1981-01-01

    An improved performance high pressure compressor with potential application to all models of the JT8D engine was designed. The concept consisted of a trenched abradable rubstrip which mates with the blade tips for each of the even rotor stages. This feature allows tip clearances to be set so blade tips run at or near the optimum radius relative to the flowpath wall, without the danger of damaging the blades during transients and maneuvers. The improved compressor demonstrated thrust specific fuel consumption and exhaust gas temperature improvements of 1.0 percent and at least 10 C over the takeoff and climb power range at sea level static conditions, compared to a bill-of-material high pressure compressor. Surge margin also improved 4 percentage points over the high power operating range. A thrust specific fuel consumption improvement of 0.7 percent at typical cruise conditions was calculated based on the sea level test results.

  10. JT8D high pressure compressor performance improvement

    SciTech Connect

    Gaffin, W.O.

    1981-11-01

    An improved performance high pressure compressor with potential application to all models of the JT8D engine was designed. The concept consisted of a trenched abradable rubstrip which mates with the blade tips for each of the even rotor stages. This feature allows tip clearances to be set so blade tips run at or near the optimum radius relative to the flowpath wall, without the danger of damaging the blades during transients and maneuvers. The improved compressor demonstrated thrust-specific fuel consumption and exhaust gas temperature improvements of 1.0% and at least 10/sup 0/C over the takeoff and climb power range at sea level static conditions, compared to a bill-of-material high pressure compressor. Surge margin also improved 4 percentage points over the high power operating range. A thrust-specific fuel consumption improvement of 0.7% at typical cruise conditions was calculated based on the sea level test results.

  11. Miniature Joule Thomson (JT) CryoCoolers for Propellant Management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kapat, Jay; Chow, Louis

    2002-01-01

    A proof-of-concept project is proposed here that would attempt to demonstrate how miniature cryocoolers can be used to chill the vacuum jacket line of a propellant transfer line and thus to achieve transfer line pre-chill, zero boil off and possible propellant densification. The project would be performed both at UCF and KSC, with all of the cryogenic testing taking place in the KSC cryogenic test bed. A LN2 line available in that KSC test facility would serve to simulate a LOX transfer line. Under this project, miniature and highly efficient cold heads would be designed. Two identical cold heads will be fabricated and then integrated with a JT-type cryogenic system (consisting of a common compressor and a common external heat exchanger). The two cold heads will be integrated into the vacuum jacket of a LN2 line in the KSC cryo lab, where the testing will take place.

  12. Program for refan JT8D engine design, fabrication and test, phase 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Glass, J. A.; Zimmerman, E. S.; Scaramella, V. M.

    1975-01-01

    The objective of the JT8D refan program was to design, fabricate, and test certifiable modifications of the JT8D engine which would reduce noise generated by JT8D powered aircraft. This was to be accomplished without affecting reliability and maintainability, at minimum retrofit cost, and with no performance penalty. The mechanical design, engine performance and stability characteristics at sea-level and altitude, and the engine noise characteristics of the test engines are documented. Results confirmed the structural integrity of the JT8D-109. Engine operation was stable throughout the airplane flight envelope. Fuel consumption of the test engines was higher than that required to meet the goal of no airplane performance penalty, but the causes were identified and corrected during a normal pre-certification engine development program. Compared to the baseline JT8D-109 engine, the acoustically treated JT8D-109 engine showed noise reductions of 6 PNdB at takeoff and 11 PNdB at a typical approach power setting.

  13. Transient simulation of a miniature Joule-Thomson (J-T) cryocooler with and without the distributed J-T effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damle, R. M.; Atrey, M. D.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this work is to develop a transient program for the simulation of a miniature Joule-Thomson (J-T) cryocooler to predict its cool-down characteristics. A one dimensional transient model is formulated for the fluid streams and the solid elements of the recuperative heat exchanger. Variation of physical properties due to pressure and temperature is considered. In addition to the J-T expansion at the end of the finned tube, the distributed J-T effect along its length is also considered. It is observed that the distributed J-T effect leads to additional cooling of the gas in the finned tube and that it cannot be neglected when the pressure drop along the length of the finned tube is large. The mathematical model, method of resolution and the global transient algorithm, within a modular object-oriented framework, are detailed in this paper. As a part of verification and validation of the developed model, cases available in the literature are simulated and the results are compared with the corresponding numerical and experimental data.

  14. Oxygen chemisorption compressor study for cryogenic J-T refrigeration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Jack A.; Blue, Gary D.

    1987-01-01

    Over twenty potentially reversible heat-powered oxide reactions have been studied and/or tested to determine their potential use as thermochemical oxygen compressors for cryogenic J-T LO2 refrigerators. One gas-solid compound family, Pr(1-n)Ce(n)O(x), proved to be completely reversible with fast kinetics for all pressure ranges tested below 650 C. With a heat-powered charcoal/methane physical adsorption upper stage and a Pr(1-n)Ce(n)O(x) chemisorption lower stage, temperatures should be attainable in the 55-80 K range for less power and over five times less weight than for charcoal/nitrogen sorption refrigeration systems. Total system power requirements with a hydride chemisorption lower stage (10 K to 7 K minimum) are about three times less than any mechanical refrigerator, and spacecraft refrigeration weights are about twenty times less. Due to the lack of wear-related moving parts in sorption refrigerators, life expectancy is at least ten years, and there essentially no vibration.

  15. Cryogenic thermometry for refrigerant distribution system of JT-60SA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Natsume, K.; Murakami, H.; Kizu, K.; Yoshida, K.; Koide, Y.

    2015-12-01

    JT-60SA is a fully superconducting fusion experimental device involving Japan and Europe. The cryogenic system supplies supercritical or gaseous helium to superconducting coils through valve boxes or coil terminal boxes and in-cryostat pipes. There are 86 temperature measurement points at 4 K along the distribution line. Resistance temperature sensors will be installed on cooling pipes in vacuum. In this work, two sensor attachment methods, two types of sensor, two thermal anchoring methods, and two sensor fixation materials have been experimentally evaluated in terms of accuracy and mass productivity. Finally, the verification test of thermometry has been conducted using the sample pipe fabricated in the same way to the production version, which has been decided by the comparison experiments. The TVO sensor is attached by the saddle method with Apiezon N grease and the measurement wires made of phosphor bronze are wound on the pipe with Stycast 2850FT as the thermal anchoring. A Cernox sensor is directly immersed in liquid helium as a reference thermometer during the experiment. The measured temperature difference between the attached one and reference one has been within ±15 mK in the range of 3.40-4.73 K. It has satisfies the accuracy requirement of 0.1 K.

  16. Improvement of JT-60U negative ion source performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grisham, L. R.; Kuriyama, M.; Kawai, M.; Itoh, T.; Umeda, N.; JT-60U Team

    2001-05-01

    The several hundred keV neutral beamline which is now operating on JT-60U marks the first usage of negative ion sources to produce high power neutral beams. Because this was such a large advance in the state of the art with respect to all system parameters, many new physical processes appeared during the earlier phases of the beam injection experiments. The physical mechanisms responsible for these processes have been explored, and solutions have been implemented for some of them, in particular excessive beam stripping, the secular dependence of the arc and beam parameters, and the non-uniformity of the plasma illuminating the beam extraction grid. This has reduced the percentage of beam heat loading on the downstream grids by roughly a third and has permitted longer beam pulses at higher powers. Progress is being made in improving the negative ion current density and in coping with the sensitivity of the caesium in the ion sources to oxidation by tiny air or water leaks, and the cathode operation is being altered.

  17. The JT9D Jet Engine Diagnostics Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Olsson, W. J.

    1982-01-01

    The various engine deterioration phenomena that affect JT9D performance retention were studied, and approaches to improve performance retention of engines were identified. The program included surveys of historical data, monitoring of in service engines, ground and flight testing of instrumented engines, analysis, and analytical modeling. Performance deterioration is made up of both short and long term modes, both of which are flight cycle related phenomena. Short term deterioration occurs primarily during airplane acceptance testing prior to delivery to the airline. This effect is caused by flight load and power induced clearance closures and engine deflections with resulting rubbing of airfoils and seals. Long term deterioration is caused by erosion of airfoils and gas path seals during ground operation and take off and by cyclic induced thermal distortion of the high pressure turbine airfoils. Studies of possible remedial approaches have shown that performance retention within 1 to 2 percent of initial revenue service performance can be achieved with a proper program of hot section and cold section maintenance.

  18. B747/JT9D flight loads and their effect on engine running clearances and performance deterioration; BCAC NAIL/P and WA JT9D engine diagnostics programs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Olsson, W. J.; Martin, R. L.

    1982-01-01

    Flight loads on the 747 propulsion system and resulting JT9D blade to outer airseal running clearances during representative acceptance flight and revenue flight sequences were measured. The resulting rub induced clearance changes, and engine performance changes were then analyzed to validate and refine the JT9D-7A short term performance deterioration model.

  19. 75 FR 50945 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT8D-209, -217, -217A, -217C, and -219 Turbofan Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... JT8D-209, -217, -217A, -217C, and -219 Turbofan Engines AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA... airworthiness directive (AD) for Pratt & Whitney (PW) JT8D-209, -217, -217A, -217C, and -219 turbofan engines. That AD currently requires revisions to the engine manufacturer's time limits section (TLS) to...

  20. Pollution reduction technology program for class T4(JT8D) engines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roberts, R.; Fiorentino, A. J.; Diehl, L. A.

    1977-01-01

    The technology required to develop commercial gas turbine engines with reduced exhaust emissions was demonstrated. Can-annular combustor systems for the JT8D engine family (EPA class T4) were investigated. The JT8D turbofan engine is an axial-flow, dual-spool, moderate-bypass-ratio design. It has a two-stage fan, a four-stage low-pressure compressor driven by a three-stage low-pressure turbine, and a seven-stage high-pressure compressor driven by a single-stage high-pressure turbine. A cross section of the JT8D-17 showing the mechanical configuration is given. Key specifications for this engine are listed.

  1. Summary and analysis of performance and stability characteristics of the refan JT8D-109 engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sanberg, K. G.; Mogielnicki, R. M.; Davis, J. C.; Scaramella, V. M.

    1975-01-01

    The refan JT8D-109 performance and stability characteristics are reported as determined from sea level testing, altitude testing, and DC-9 flight testing. The test results are summarized as follows: (1) TSFC at SLS achieved design goal of 12.66 percent reduction. (2) TSFC at altitude average cruise power 0.5 percent higher than design goal, (3) TSFC at altitude maximum cruise power 1.7-3.7 percent higher than design goal, (4) ground starting consistent with JT8D-9 base engine, (5) successful flight starts without starter assist, (6) transient surge margin equivalent to JT8D-9, (7) stable engine operation with inlet distortion, and (8) stable engine operation during snap acceleration and deceleration. A flight idle setting is required for acceptable aborted-landing go-around acceleration time due to increase in low-rotor moment of inertia, and a performance improvement program should be conducted as part of any future certification program.

  2. Biosynthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense JT1, a Plant Pathogenic Fungus

    PubMed Central

    Thakker, Janki N.; Dalwadi, Pranay; Dhandhukia, Pinakin C.

    2013-01-01

    The development of reliable processes for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles is an important aspect of current nanotechnology research. Recently, reports are published on the extracellular as well as intracellular biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles using microorganisms. However, these methods of synthesis are rather slow. In present study, rapid and extracellular synthesis of gold nanoparticles using a plant pathogenic fungus F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense JT1 (FocJT1) is reported. Incubation of FocJT1 mycelium with auric chloride solution produces gold nanoparticles in 60 min. Gold nanoparticles were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR, and particle size analysis. The particles synthesized were of 22 nm sized, capped by proteins, and posed antimicrobial activity against Pseudomonas sp. PMID:25969773

  3. Effect of external magnetic field on the coexistence of superconductivity and JT distortion in iron pnictides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pradhan, B.; Goi, S. K.; Mishra, R. N.

    2016-12-01

    We have presented a theoretical study for the coexistence of superconductivity (SC) and Jahn-Teller (JT) effect with applied magnetic field on iron based high-Tc superconductors in s-wave symmetry. The analytic expressions for the temperature dependence of the SC and JT order parameters are derived by Zubarev's technique of double time single particle Green's function method and solved self-consistently. It is observed that in the interplay region, both the gap parameters exhibit very strong dependence of their gap values. The effect of external magnetic field on the gap parameters and the electronic density of states (DOS) is studied.

  4. DC-9 flight demonstration program with refanned JT8D engines. Volume 1: Summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The design, analysis, fabrication, and ground and flight testing of DC-9 airframe/nacelle hardware with prototype JT8D-109 engines are discussed. The installation of the JT8D-109 engine on the DC-9 Refan airplane required new or modified hardware for the pylon, nacelle, and fuselage. The acoustic material used in the nose cowl was bonded aluminum honeycomb sandwich and the exhaust duct acoustic material was Inconel 625 Stresskin. The sea level static, standard day bare engine takeoff thrust, the cruise TSFC and the maximum available cruise thrust for the JT8D-109 engine were compared with those of the JT8D-9 engine. The range capabilities of the DC-9 Refan and the production DC-9 airplane were also compared. The Refan airplane demonstrated flight characteristics similar to the production DC-9-30 and satisfied airworthiness requirements. Flyover noise levels were determined for the DC-9 Refan and the DC-9 C-9A airplane for takeoff and landing conditions. Cost estimates were also made.

  5. Stability of the toroidicity-induced Alfven eigenmodes in JT-60U ICRF experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Fu, G.Y.; Cheng, C.Z.; Kimura, H.; Ozeki, T.; Saigusa, M.

    1996-04-01

    It is shown that the stability of toroidicity-induced Alfven eigenmodes (TIE) in JT-60U ICRF experiments is strongly dependent on mode location. This dependence results in sequential excitation of high-n TIE modes as the central safety factor, q, drops in time.

  6. Mixed-refrigerant Joule-Thomson (MR JT) mini-cryocoolers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tzabar, Nir

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the progress in our ongoing research on Mixed-Refrigerant (MR) Joule-Thomson (JT) cryocoolers. The research begun by exploring different MRs and testing various compressors: oil-lubricated and oil-free, reciprocating and linear, custom-made and commercial. Closed-cycle JT cryocoolers benefit from the fact that the compressor might be located far from the cold-end and thus there are no moving parts, no vibrations, and no heat emission near the cold-end. As a consequence, the compressor may be located where there are no severe size limitations, its heat can be conveniently removed, and it can be easily maintained. However, in some applications there is still a demand for a small compressor to drive a JT cryocooler although it is located far from the cooled device. Recently, we have developed a miniature oil-free compressor for MR JT cryocoolers that weighs about 700 g and its volume equals about 300 cc. The cryocooler operates with a MR that contains Ne, N2, and Hydrocarbons. This MR has been widely investigated with different compressors and varying operating conditions and proved to be stable. The current research investigates the performances of MR JT mini-cryocooler operating with the MR mentioned above, driven with our miniature compressor, and a cold-finger prototype. A Dewar with heat load of about 230 mW is cooled to about 80 K at ambient temperatures between 0°C and 40°C. The experimental results obtained are stable and demonstrate the ability to control the cooling temperature by changing the rotation speed of the compressor.

  7. Passive coolers for pre-cooling of JT loops for deep space infrared imaging applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Burt; Larson, Melora; Rodriguez, Jose

    2010-09-01

    Infrared instruments (IR) for deep space imaging missions, such as the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and Planck, require cryogenic cooling for proper operation of their focal plane arrays (FPA) in far infrared and sub-millimeter wavelength ranges. The FPA is sometimes located meters away from the spacecraft. To meet such remote cooling requirement, a Joule-Thomson (J-T) loop becomes a convenient choice for either direct cooling for the FPA or for serving as a heat sink for a cascade cooling system. The refrigerant lines of the JT loop inevitably suffer parasitic heat leak primarily due to IR backload as they traverse from the spacecraft to the FPA. An actively cooled JT loop using a mechanical pre-cooler located at the spacecraft will experience the highest parasitic heat leak since the lines are cold through the entire length whereas a passively cooled JT loop can utilize a number of radiators to cool the lines down gradually in stages and hence reduce the heat leak. In addition to savings in power and mass, a passive cooler offers consistent and predictable performance with practically no performance degradation in a thermally stable orbit, such as one around the Sun-Earth L2 point. Passive coolers are less popular in low temperature applications when their cooling capacity diminishes rapidly in proportion to T4 until the temperature reaches a point where either the parasitic heat leak becomes so significant or its size becomes so excessive that the passive cooling scheme becomes impractical. Despite the limited capacity, passive cooling may still prove to be a viable alternative to active cooling depending on the operating temperature and heat dissipation rate of the FPA. The current effort aims at evaluating the merit of using passive coolers as an alternative to using a mechanical cooler for pre-cooling of a JT loop for remote IR instrument cooling. A parametric study is conducted to explore the merits of passive cooling of a JT loop in a temperature range

  8. Severe Septic Patients with Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup JT Show Higher Survival Rates: A Prospective, Multicenter, Observational Study

    PubMed Central

    Martín, María M.; López-Gallardo, Esther; Solé-Violán, Jordi; Blanquer, José; Labarta, Lorenzo; Díaz, César; Borreguero-León, Juan María; Jiménez, Alejandro; Montoya, Julio; Ruiz-Pesini, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    Objective In a previous cohort study (n=96), we found an association between mitochondrial (mt) DNA haplogroup JT and increased survival of severe septic patients, after controlling for age and serum lactic acid levels. The aim of this research was to increase the predictive accuracy and to control for more confounder variables in a larger cohort (n=196) of severe septic patients, to confirm whether mtDNA haplogroup JT influences short and medium-term survival in these patients. Methods We conducted a prospective, multicenter, observational study in six Spanish Intensive Care Units. We determined 30-day and 6-month survival and mtDNA haplogroup in this second cohort of 196 patients and in the global cohort (first and second cohorts combined) with 292 severe septic patients. Multiple logistic regression and Cox regression analyses were used to test for the association of mtDNA haplogroups JT with survival at 30-days and 6-months, controlling for age, sex, serum interleukin-6 levels and SOFA score. Results Logistic and Cox regression analyses showed no differences in 30-day and 6-month survival between patients with mtDNA haplogroup JT and other haplogroups in the first cohort (n=96). In the second cohort (n=196), these analyses showed a trend to higher 30-day and 6-month survival in those with haplogroup JT. In the global cohort (n=292), logistic and Cox regression analyses showed higher 30-day and 6-month survival for haplogroup JT. There were no significant differences between J and T sub-haplogroups in 30-day and 6-month survival. Conclusions The global cohort study (first and second cohorts combined), the largest to date reporting on mtDNA haplogroups in septic patients, confirmed that haplogroup JT patients showed increased 30-day and 6-month survival. This finding may be due to single nucleotide polymorphism defining the whole haplogroup JT and not separately for J or T sub-haplogroups. PMID:24069186

  9. 76 FR 77107 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Corp. (PW) JT9D-7R4H1 Turbofan Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ... Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA-2011-0731; Directorate Identifier 2010-NE-39-AD; Amendment 39-16886; AD 2011-25-10] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Corp. (PW) JT9D-7R4H1 Turbofan... new airworthiness directive (AD) for all PW JT9D-7R4H1 turbofan engines. This AD was prompted...

  10. Engine component improvement: Performance improvement, JT9D-7 3.8 AR fan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaffin, W. O.

    1980-01-01

    A redesigned, fuel efficient fan for the JT9D-7 engine was tested. Tests were conducted to determine the effect of the 3.8 AR fan on performance, stability, operational characteristics, and noise of the JT9D-7 engine relative to the current 4.6 AR Bill-of-Material fan. The 3.8 AR fan provides increased fan efficiency due to a more advanced blade airfoil with increased chord, eliminating one part span shroud and reducing the number of fan blades and fan exit guide vanes. Engine testing at simulated cruise conditions demonstrated the predicted 1.3 percent improvement in specific fuel consumption with the redesigned 3.8 AR fan. Flight testing and sea level stand engine testing demonstrated exhaust gas temperature margins, fan and low pressure compressor stability, operational suitability, and noise levels comparable to the Bill-of-Material fan.

  11. Observation of a Complex Multistage Transition in the JT-60U H-mode Edge

    SciTech Connect

    Kamiya, K.; Sakamoto, Y.; Matsunaga, G.; Kojima, A.; Urano, H.; Oyama, N.; Koide, Y.; Kamada, Y.; Ida, K.

    2010-07-23

    A complex multistage transition of the edge radial electric field is observed in JT-60U H-mode phase without edge localized mode. An interesting feature is that the poloidal rotation velocity of the carbon impurity ions changes in the later H-phase without a comparable change in the main ion pressure gradient, indicating a change in the parallel momentum (and particle) balance channel.

  12. Simulation of the Effect of Plasma Flows in DIII-D, JET, and JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Porter, G D; Rognlien, T D; Rensink, M E; Loarte, A; Asakura, N; Takenaga, H; Mathews, G

    2002-05-17

    The results of 2D fluid plasma simulations of the ion flow in the boundary plasma of DIII-D, JET, and JT-60U are reported. The model includes the effects of drifts and of impurity radiation using a multi-species model of intrinsic carbon impurities. Drift effects are important in determining the primary and impurity ion fluxes in the SOL and the private region, with ExB drifts dominant. Simulated parallel velocities are consistent with experimental measurement on the high field side of JT-60U, where the parallel flow is determined by ion sources. Simulated parallel velocities are significantly less than seen in experiment at the outer midplane of JT-60U, and at the top of JET where the flow is sensitive to poloidal variations of the turbulence driven transport, suggesting the velocity in these regions is determined by transport. Parallel flows are reversed by changing the direction of the ion VB drift relative to the X-point.

  13. Progress in long-pulse production of powerful negative ion beams for JT-60SA and ITER

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kojima, A.; Umeda, N.; Hanada, M.; Yoshida, M.; Kashiwagi, M.; Tobari, H.; Watanabe, K.; Akino, N.; Komata, M.; Mogaki, K.; Sasaki, S.; Seki, N.; Nemoto, S.; Shimizu, T.; Endo, Y.; Ohasa, K.; Dairaku, M.; Yamanaka, H.; Grisham, L. R.

    2015-06-01

    Significant progress in the extension of pulse durations of powerful negative ion beams has been made to realize the neutral beam injectors for JT-60SA and ITER. In order to overcome common issues of the long-pulse production/acceleration of negative ion beams in JT-60SA and ITER, new technologies have been developed in the JT-60SA ion source and the MeV accelerator in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. As for the long-pulse production of high-current negative ions for the JT-60SA ion source, the pulse durations have been successfully increased from 30 s at 13 A on JT-60U to 100 s at 15 A by modifying the JT-60SA ion source, which satisfies the required pulse duration of 100 s and 70% of the rated beam current for JT-60SA. This progress was based on the R&D efforts for the temperature control of the plasma grid and uniform negative ion productions with the modified tent-shaped filter field configuration. Moreover, each parameter of the required beam energy, current and pulse has been achieved individually by these R&D efforts. The developed techniques are useful to design the ITER ion source because the sustainment of the caesium coverage in the large extraction area is one of the common issues between JT-60SA and ITER. As for the long-pulse acceleration of high power density beams in the MeV accelerator for ITER, the pulse duration of MeV-class negative ion beams has been extended by more than 2 orders of magnitude by modifying the extraction grid with a high cooling capability and a high transmission of negative ions. A long-pulse acceleration of 60 s has been achieved at 70 MW m-2 (683 keV, 100 A m-2) which has reached the power density of JT-60SA level of 65 MW m-2. No degradations of the voltage holding capability of the acceleration voltage and the beam optics due to the distortion of the acceleration grids have been observed in this power density level. These results are the longest pulse durations of high-current and high-power-density negative ion beams in the

  14. Phase 2 program on ground test of refanned JT8D turbofan engines and nacelles for the 727 airplane. Volume 3: Ground tests

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The NASA Refan Program included full-scale performance and noise ground tests of both a current production (JT8D-15) and a refanned (JT8D-115) engine. A description of the two ground tests including detailed propulsion, noise, and structural test results is presented. The primary objectives of the total test program were comparison of JT8D-15 and JT8D-115 overall propulsion system performance and noise characteristics and determination of incremental component noise levels. Other objectives of the test program included: (1) determination of acoustic treatment effectiveness; (2) measurement of internal sound pressure levels; (3) measurement of inlet and exhaust hardware performance; (4) determination of center-engine surge margin; and (5) evaluation of certain structural characteristics associated with the 727 refan center-engine inlet duct and JT8D refan engine exhaust system. The JT8D-15 and -115 tests were conducted during September 1974 and January to March 1975, respectively. Analyses of the test data indicated that the JT8D-115, as compared to the JT8D-15, demonstrates a 12.5 percent to 13.2 percent reduction in static specific fuel consumption, and a reduction of 6 to 7 PNdB in a weighted average value of static tone corrected perceived noise level. Separated into noise components, a significant reduction was shown for the inlet fan, aft fan, exhaust duct flow, turbine, and jet noises. However, core noise was increased. Photographs of test stands and test equipment are shown.

  15. 75 FR 3217 - J&T Hydro Company; H. Dean Brooks and W. Bruce Cox; Notice of Application for Transfer of License...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission J&T Hydro Company; H. Dean Brooks and W. Bruce Cox; Notice of Application... 30, 2009, J&T Hydro Company (transferor) and W. Dean Brooks, and H. Bruce Cox (transferees) filed...

  16. Edge safety factor at the onset of plasma disruption during VDEs in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sugihara, Masayoshi; Lukash, Victor; Khayrutdinov, Rustam; Neyatani, Yuzuru

    2004-10-01

    Detailed examinations of the value of the edge safety factor (qa) at the onset of thermal quench (TQ) during intentional vertical displacement event (VDE) experiments in JT-60U are carried out using two different reconstruction methods, FBI/FBEQU and DINA. The results from the two methods are very similar and show that the TQ occurs when the qa value is in the range between 1.5 and 2. This result suggests that the predictive simulations for VDEs should be performed within this range of q to examine the subsequent differences in the halo currents, plasma movement and other plasma behaviour during the current quench.

  17. JT8D-15/17 High Pressure Turbine Root Discharged Blade Performance Improvement. [engine design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Janus, A. S.

    1981-01-01

    The JT8D high pressure turbine blade and seal were modified, using a more efficient blade cooling system, improved airfoil aerodynamics, more effective control of secondary flows, and improved blade tip sealing. Engine testing was conducted to determine the effect of these improvements on performance. The modified turbine package demonstrated significant thrust specific fuel consumption and exhaust gas temperature improvements in sea level and altitude engine tests. Inspection of the improved blade and seal hardware after testing revealed no unusual wear or degradation.

  18. Characteristics of a large multijunction launcher for high-power LHCD experiments on JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Seki, M.; Ikeda, Y.; Ushigusa, K.; Naito, O.; Kondoh, T.; Wolfe, S.W.; Imai, T. )

    1994-10-15

    This paper presents overview of a large multijunction launcher for JT-60U. The launcher is featured by the multijunction module with the oversized taper waveguide, in order to simplify structure of the launcher. This launcher allows high performances of current drive and current profile control by using very sharp and highly directive spectrum. Initial result of coupling property is also described. A good coupling was observed at a power level of [similar to]0.8 MW with plasma-launcher distance of [lt]14 cm.

  19. Optical modeling and physical performances evaluations for the JT-60SA ECRF antenna

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Platania, P.; Figini, L.; Farina, D.; Isayama, A.; Kobayashi, T.; Micheletti, D.; Moriyama, S.; Moro, A.; Sozzi, C.

    2015-12-01

    The purpose of this work is the optical modeling and physical performances evaluations of the JT-60SA ECRF launcher system. The beams have been simulated with the electromagnetic code GRASP® and used as input for ECCD calculations performed with the beam tracing code GRAY, capable of modeling propagation, absorption and current drive of an EC Gaussion beam with general astigmatism. Full details of the optical analysis has been taken into account to model the launched beams. Inductive and advanced reference scenarios has been analysed for physical evaluations in the full poloidal and toroidal steering ranges for two slightly different layouts of the launcher system.

  20. Optical modeling and physical performances evaluations for the JT-60SA ECRF antenna

    SciTech Connect

    Platania, P. Figini, L.; Farina, D.; Micheletti, D.; Moro, A.; Sozzi, C.; Isayama, A.; Kobayashi, T.; Moriyama, S.

    2015-12-10

    The purpose of this work is the optical modeling and physical performances evaluations of the JT-60SA ECRF launcher system. The beams have been simulated with the electromagnetic code GRASP® and used as input for ECCD calculations performed with the beam tracing code GRAY, capable of modeling propagation, absorption and current drive of an EC Gaussion beam with general astigmatism. Full details of the optical analysis has been taken into account to model the launched beams. Inductive and advanced reference scenarios has been analysed for physical evaluations in the full poloidal and toroidal steering ranges for two slightly different layouts of the launcher system.

  1. Design of tangential viewing phase contrast imaging for turbulence measurements in JT-60SA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanaka, K.; Coda, S.; Yoshida, M.; Sasao, H.; Kawano, Y.; Imazawa, R.; Kubo, H.; Kamada, Y.

    2016-11-01

    A tangential viewing phase contrast imaging system is being designed for the JT-60SA tokamak to investigate microturbulence. In order to obtain localized information on the turbulence, a spatial-filtering technique is applied, based on magnetic shearing. The tangential viewing geometry enhances the radial localization. The probing laser beam is injected tangentially and traverses the entire plasma region including both low and high field sides. The spatial resolution for an Internal Transport Barrier discharge is estimated at 30%-70% of the minor radius at k = 5 cm-1, which is the typical expected wave number of ion scale turbulence such as ion temperature gradient/trapped electron mode.

  2. JT9D engine diagnostics. Task 2: Feasibility study of measuring in-service flight loads. [747 aircraft performance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kafka, P. G.; Skibo, M. A.; White, J. L.

    1977-01-01

    The feasibility of measuring JT9D propulsion system flight inertia loads on a 747 airplane is studied. Flight loads background is discussed including the current status of 747/JT9D loads knowledge. An instrumentation and test plan is formulated for an airline-owned in-service airplane and the Boeing-owned RA001 test airplane. Technical and cost comparisons are made between these two options. An overall technical feasibility evaluation is made and a cost summary presented. Conclusions and recommendations are presented in regard to using existing inertia loads data versus conducting a flight test to measure inertia loads.

  3. JT9D performance deterioration results from a simulated aerodynamic load test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stakolich, E. G.; Stromberg, W. J.

    1981-01-01

    The results of testing to identify the effects of simulated aerodynamic flight loads on JT9D engine performance are presented. The test results were also used to refine previous analytical studies on the impact of aerodynamic flight loads on performance losses. To accomplish these objectives, a JT9D-7AH engine was assembled with average production clearances and new seals as well as extensive instrumentation to monitor engine performance, case temperatures, and blade tip clearance changes. A special loading device was designed and constructed to permit application of known moments and shear forces to the engine by the use of cables placed around the flight inlet. The test was conducted in the Pratt & Whitney Aircraft X-Ray Test Facility to permit the use of X-ray techniques in conjunction with laser blade tip proximity probes to monitor important engine clearance changes. Upon completion of the test program, the test engine was disassembled, and the condition of gas path parts and final clearances were documented. The test results indicate that the engine lost 1.1 percent in thrust specific fuel consumption (TSFC), as measured under sea level static conditions, due to increased operating clearances caused by simulated flight loads. This compares with 0.9 percent predicted by the analytical model and previous study efforts.

  4. Progress in integrated modeling of JT-60SA plasma operation scenarios with model validation and verification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Garcia, Jeronimo; Honda, Mitsuru; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Hoshino, Kazuo; Ide, Shunsuke; Giruzzi, Gerardo; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Suzuki, Takahiro; Urano, Hajime; JT-60 Team; JET EFDA Collaboration

    2014-10-01

    Development of plasma operation scenarios in JT-60SA has been progressing by using integrated modeling codes. In order to obtain an optimum set of models for the prediction, models are validated by using JT-60U and JET experimental data, and verified by integrated codes such as TOPICS and CRONOS. Predictive simulations are performed to assess the performance of each scenario and to develop optimum scenarios. In the scenario development, various physics aspects are studied by using various types of integrated modeling. The integrated divertor code SONIC showed that Ar seeding can reduce the heat flux on divertor plates below the preferable level (10 MW/m2) with keeping low separatrix density in the full non-inductive current drive scenario, however, there are some amounts of Ar influx to core region. We integrate TOPICS with a core impurity transport code IMPACT and study the Ar accumulation in the core and its effect on the performance. Other studies with integrated modeling will be also presented.

  5. DC-9 flight demonstration program with refanned JT8D engines. Volume 4: Flyover noise

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    Flyover noise tests were conducted to determine the noise reductions achievable by modifying the engines and nacelles of DC-9-30 airplanes. The two stage fan of the JT8D-9 engine was replaced with a larger diameter, single stage fan and sound absorbing materials were incorporated in the engines and nacelles. The noise levels were determined to be 95.3 EPNdB at the sideline, 96.2 EPNdB for a full thrust takeoff, 87.5 EPNdB for takeoff with thrust cutback, and 97.4 EPNdB for landing approach. The noise reductions relative to the hardwall JT8D-9 were 8.2 EPNdB for takeoff with cutback and 8.7 EPNdB for landing. The 90 EPNdB noise contour areas were reduced by 40% for missions requiring maximum design takeoff and landing weights. For typical mission weights, the reductions were 19% for full thrust takeoff and 34% for takeoff with cutback. The 95 EPNdB contour areas were reduced by 50% for takeoff and 30% for takeoff with cutback for both missions.

  6. Dynamic simulations for preparing the acceptance test of JT-60SA cryogenic system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cirillo, R.; Hoa, C.; Michel, F.; Poncet, J. M.; Rousset, B.

    2016-12-01

    Power generation in the future could be provided by thermo-nuclear fusion reactors like tokamaks. There inside, the fusion reaction takes place thanks to the generation of plasmas at hundreds of millions of degrees that must be confined magnetically with superconductive coils, cooled down to around 4.5 K. Within this frame, an experimental tokamak device, JT-60SA is currently under construction in Naka (Japan). The plasma works cyclically and the coil system is subject to pulsed heat loads. In order to size the refrigerator close to the average power and hence optimizing investment and operational costs, measures have to be taken to smooth the heat load. Here we present a dynamic model of the JT-60SA's Auxiliary Cold box (ACB) for preparing the acceptance tests of the refrigeration system planned in 2016 in Naka. The aim of this study is to simulate the pulsed load scenarios using different process controls. All the simulations have been performed with EcosimPro® and the associated cryogenic library: CRYOLIB.

  7. DC-9 Flight Demonstration Program with Refanned JT8D Engines. Volume 3; Performance and Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The JT8D-109 engine has a sea level static, standard day bare engine takeoff thrust of 73,840 N. At sea level standard day conditions the additional thrust of the JT8D-109 results in 2,040 kg additional takeoff gross weight capability for a given field length. Range loss of the DC-9 Refan airplane for long range cruise was determined. The Refan airplane demonstrated stall, static longitudinal stability, longitudinal control, longitudinal trim, minimum control speeds, and directional control characteristics similar to the DC-9-30 production airplane and complied with airworthiness requirements. Cruise, climb, and thrust reverser performance were evaluated. Structural and dynamic ground test, flight test and analytical results substantiate Refan Program requirements that the nacelle, thrust reverser hardware, and the airplane structural modifications are flightworthy and certifiable and that the airplane meets flutter speed margins. Estimated unit cost of a DC-9 Refan retrofit program is 1.338 million in mid-1975 dollars with about an equal split in cost between airframe and engine.

  8. Drive characteristics of a fast movable limiter in the JT-60 tokamak.

    PubMed

    Takashima, T; Ohta, M; Shimizu, M

    1978-02-01

    A pair of fast-acting movable limiters are to be installed in the vacuum chamber of the JT-60 tokamak being designed at JAERI. Their purpose is to suppress skin current in the plasma column. They should travel across the vacuum chamber over a stroke of about 1 m in 0.1 s during the build-up phase of the plasma current. Each movable limiter system consists of the drive system, a vacuum seal, a bearing usuable at high temperature in a vacuum, and a molybdenum rail limiter head. For the drive a hydraulic mechanism is used with servovalves to control the oil flow. To develop satisfactory movable limiters for JT-60, the full-scale model was constructed and tested. Overall tests with the model showed high reliability, reproducibility, controllability, and safety of the movable limiter. The drive pattern measured is in good agreement with that simulated. The movable limiters should prevent the skin effect of plasma current in the current rising phase and also provide information on particle diffusion during the flat-top phase of plasma current.

  9. Overview of JT-60U results towards the resolution of key physics and engineering issues in ITER and JT-60SA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Isayama, A.; JT-60 Team

    2011-09-01

    This paper presents an overview of recent results from JT-60U. Topics we particularly focus on are (1) the mechanism determining the rotation profile and the effect of rotation on/from transport and stability, (2) the edge localized mode (ELM) physics and active ELM control and (3) plasma-wall interactions. An analysis of the momentum transport showed that rotation with a high pressure gradient can be reproduced by introducing a residual stress term proportional to the momentum diffusivity and the pressure gradient. Also, the momentum diffusivity in an internal transport barrier (ITB) region was reduced to an order similar to that of the ion thermal diffusivity. A comparison of the edge pedestal characteristics between JT-60U and JET with matched shape and operational parameters showed that the edge pressure did not change with increasing toroidal field (TF) ripple up to 1%, whereas a linear shift of the rotation velocity to the counter-direction was observed with increasing TF ripple. The absolute evaluation of tungsten accumulation in the core plasma by a spectroscopic method clarified that tungsten accumulation increased with increasing toroidal rotation in the counter-direction while an H-mode was sustained even at a tungsten density of 10-3 times the electron density. Active control of neoclassical tearing mode (NTM) islands by the electron cyclotron current drive showed that the growth of NTM islands decelerated the plasma rotation. A transition to a low-rotation frequency state occurred for larger NTM islands. A statistical analysis of the precursor of type I ELM showed a small growth rate of γ/ωA ~ 10-3 (where γ and ωA are the growth rate and Alfvén angular frequency, respectively). The measurement of the precursor at different toroidal locations showed that the toroidal mode number was 8-10 or 14-16. Energetic-particle-driven wall modes (EWMs) were found to trigger ELMs and decrease the ELM amplitude to half of that without EWMs. Enhancement of the

  10. A polarimeter for JT-60SA: chords layout study with V3FIT for q profile reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Terranova, David; Boboc, Alexandru; Gil, Christophe; Soare, Sorin; Orsitto, Francesco; Imazawa, Ryota

    2016-10-01

    JT-60SA is the new tokamak device that is being built in Japan under the Broader Approach Satellite Tokamak Programme and the Japanese National Programme [JT-60SA Research Plan, Version 3.3, March 2016, www.jt60sa.org/pdfs/JT-60SA_Res_Plan.pdf] and will operate as a satellite machine for ITER. To provide valuable information for the steady state scenario for ITER and the design of DEMO, a high βN scenario is included in the program, where the real-time control of the q-profile is needed. In this work we present a study of the geometry of the polarimetry chords, derived from a true realistic CAD-driven feasibility study, aiming at an optimization in terms of q-profile reconstruction, using the V3FIT code. Some magnetic and kinetic measurements are considered along with the FIR poloidal polarimeter in order to assess the possibility of estimating q in the core with the required accuracy (around 10%) providing a diagnostic for a continuous measurement useful in high density pulses where MSE measurements would not have adequate time resolution.

  11. JT8D revised high-pressure turbine cooling and other outer air seal program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaffin, W. O.

    1979-01-01

    The JT8D high pressure turbine was revised to reduce leakage between the blade tip shrouds and the outer air seal, and engine testing was performed to determine the effect on performance. The addition of a second knife-edge on the blade tip shroud, the extension of the honeycomb seal land to cover the added knife-edge and an existing spoiler on the shroud, and a material substitution in the seal support ring to improve thermal growth characteristics are included. A relocation of the blade cooling air discharge to insure adequate cooling flow is required. Significant specific fuel consumption and exhaust gas temperature improvements were demonstrated with the revised turbine in sea level and simulated altitude engine tests. Inspection of the revised seal hardware after these tests showed no unusual wear or degradation.

  12. Radial Patterns of Instability and Transport in JT-60U Internal Transport Barrier Discharges

    SciTech Connect

    G. Rewoldt; K.W. Hill; R. Nazikian; W.M. Tang; H Shirai; Y. Sakamoto; Y. Kishimoto; S.Ide; and T. Fujita

    2001-02-27

    One class of internal transport barrier discharges in the JT-60U tokamak is characterized by two relatively flatter regions of the pressure separated by a region with very large pressure gradient. Linear growth rates for toroidal drift-type modes are calculated for discharges in this class, without and with sheared E x B rotation effects. For cases with fully-developed barriers, the results with rotation are consistent with a picture in which the radial electric field generated in part by the steep pressure gradient causes local stabilization, and thus reduction of the local anomalous transport, which allows the steep pressure gradient to persist. If rotation is omitted from the calculation for these cases, or if rotation is included for cases without barriers or with partially developed barriers, the unstable region spreads into the steep pressure gradient region.

  13. Fast neutron-gamma discrimination on neutron emission profile measurement on JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Ishii, K.; Okamoto, A.; Kitajima, S.; Sasao, M.; Shinohara, K.; Ishikawa, M.; Baba, M.; Isobe, M.

    2010-10-15

    A digital signal processing (DSP) system is applied to stilbene scintillation detectors of the multichannel neutron emission profile monitor in JT-60U. Automatic analysis of the neutron-{gamma} pulse shape discrimination is a key issue to diminish the processing time in the DSP system, and it has been applied using the two-dimensional (2D) map. Linear discriminant function is used to determine the dividing line between neutron events and {gamma}-ray events on a 2D map. In order to verify the validity of the dividing line determination, the pulse shape discrimination quality is evaluated. As a result, the {gamma}-ray contamination in most of the beam heating phase was negligible compared with the statistical error with 10 ms time resolution.

  14. Collapse of density pedestal by giant ELM on JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oyama, N.; Shinohara, K.; Kamada, Y.; Miura, Y.; Oikawa, T.; Takeji, S.

    2001-05-01

    In JT-60U ELMy H-mode discharges, the detailed behaviour of giant (type I) ELMs was measured using a heterodyne reflectometer system in order to understand the collapse mechanism of the pedestal structure and consequences on the core/edge plasma. The phase signal of the reflectometer exhibits the movement of the cutoff layer (density layer) due to the collapse of the pedestal in a density profile by an ELM. An ELM event can be classified into a precursor phase, collapse phase, recovery phase and a relaxation phase. A certain density layer measured near the shoulder of the pedestal moves about 7 cm inside the plasma in the collapse phase. The precursor oscillation in a pedestal density and the relationship between the collapse of the pedestal structure and a Dα burst are also studied.

  15. The 727 airplane target thrust reverser static performance model test for refanned JT8D engines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chow, C. T. P.; Atkey, E. N.

    1974-01-01

    The results of a scale model static performance test of target thrust reverser configurations for the Pratt and Whitney Aircraft JT8D-100 series engine are presented. The objective of the test was to select a series of suitable candidate reverser configurations for the subsequent airplane model wind tunnel ingestion and flight controls tests. Test results indicate that adequate reverse thrust performance with compatible engine airflow match is achievable for the selected configurations. Tapering of the lips results in loss of performance and only minimal flow directivity. Door pressure surveys were conducted on a selected number of lip and fence configurations to obtain data to support the design of the thrust reverser system.

  16. Low electric field ? plasma-current start-up in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshino, R.; Seki, M.

    1997-01-01

    Plasma breakdown for an electric field of 0741-3335/39/1/012/img2 (loop voltage of 1.7 V) was demonstrated in JT-60U using helium prefilling gas and LHRF heating. Runaway electrons were not generated even for the low prefilling pressure of 0741-3335/39/1/012/img3 required for plasma breakdown at low loop voltage. Preionization was not obtained by LHRF heating, but the time taken to pass the radiation barrier was significantly shortened and a subsequent plasma-current ramp-up at a plasma current of < 30 kA was successfully obtained. As a result, a plasma-current start-up of 0741-3335/39/1/012/img4 with a loop voltage of 0741-3335/39/1/012/img5 was demonstrated when the plasma current was 35 kA to 1 MA.

  17. Simulation Study on the ITB Formation during LHCD in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cui, Zheng-ying; Osamu, Naito; Takeshi, Fukudai; Hiroshi, Shirai; Yoshitaka, Ikeda; Kenkichi, Ushigusa

    2002-04-01

    A transport simulation has been done by using a 1.5D time dependent transport code to reproduce a formation of the ITB on electron temperature profile during the long pulse LHCD in JT-60U tokamak. The transport coefficients were assumed to reduce with a reversed magnetic shear and the LH driven current profile was evaluated by fitting dynamic change in the measured current profile. The gradual increase in the central electron temperature could be explained by the change in the current profile during LHCD in the present simulation model. The estimated LH-driven current profile by the transport code analysis shows a finite current density at the plasma center. Analysis of transport simulation suggests some mechanisms for broadening the LH-driven current profile at the central region of the plasma.

  18. Localized MHD Activity near Transport Barriers in JT-60U and TFTR

    SciTech Connect

    . Kamada, Y.; Fujita, T.; Gorelenkov, N.; Isayama, A.; Manickam, J.; et al.

    1998-11-01

    Localized MHD activity observed in JT-60U and TFTR near transport barriers with their associated large pressure gradients is investigated. Stability analysis of equilibria modeling the experiments supports an identification of this MHD as being due to an ideal MHD n = 1 instability. The appearance of the instability depends on the local pressure gradient, local shear in the q profile, and the proximity of rational surfaces where q is approximately equal to m/n and m and n are the poloidal and toroidal mode numbers, respectively. The mode width is shown to depend on the local value of q, and is larger when q is smaller. In addition, the role of the edge current density in coupling the internal mode to the plasma edge and of the energetic particles which can drive fishbone-like modes is investigated.

  19. 3-Methoxy-2-methyl-carbazole-1,4-quinone, carbazomycins D and F from Streptomyces sp. CMU-JT005.

    PubMed

    Ruanpanun, Pornthip; Dame, Zerihun Teklemariam; Laatsch, Hartmut; Lumyong, Saisamorn

    2011-09-01

    3-Methoxy-2-methyl-carbazole-1,4-quinone (1) together with carbazomycins D (2) and F (3) were isolated from the crude extract of Streptomyces CMU-JT005, an actinomycete with nematicidal activity. 3-Methoxy-2-methyl-carbazole-1,4-quinone is reported here for the first time from nature. In this paper, we describe the isolation and structure elucidation of the compounds together with the characterization of the Streptomyces strain CMU-JT005.

  20. Development of the negative ion beams relevant to ITER and JT-60SA at Japan Atomic Energy Agency

    SciTech Connect

    Hanada, M. Kojima, A.; Tobari, H.; Nishikiori, R.; Hiratsuka, J.; Kashiwagi, M.; Umeda, N.; Yoshida, M.; Ichikawa, M.; Watanabe, K.; Yamano, Y.; Grisham, L. R.

    2016-02-15

    In order to realize negative ion sources and accelerators to be applicable to International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor and JT-60 Super Advanced, a large cesium (Cs)-seeded negative ion source and a multi-aperture and multi-stage electric acceleration have been developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). Long pulse production and acceleration of the negative ion beams have been independently carried out. The long pulse production of the high current beams has achieved 100 s at the beam current of 15 A by modifying the JT-60 negative ion source. The pulse duration time is increased three times longer than that before the modification. As for the acceleration, a pulse duration time has been also extended two orders of magnitudes from 0.4 s to 60 s. The developments of the negative ion source and acceleration at JAEA are well in progress towards the realization of the negative ion sources and accelerators for fusion applications.

  1. Finite element-integral simulation of static and flight fan noise radiation from the JT15D turbofan engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baumeister, K. J.; Horowitz, S. J.

    1982-01-01

    An iterative finite element integral technique is used to predict the sound field radiated from the JT15D turbofan inlet. The sound field is divided into two regions: the sound field within and near the inlet which is computed using the finite element method and the radiation field beyond the inlet which is calculated using an integral solution technique. The velocity potential formulation of the acoustic wave equation was employed in the program. For some single mode JT15D data, the theory and experiment are in good agreement for the far field radiation pattern as well as suppressor attenuation. Also, the computer program is used to simulate flight effects that cannot be performed on a ground static test stand.

  2. Development of the negative ion beams relevant to ITER and JT-60SA at Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

    PubMed

    Hanada, M; Kojima, A; Tobari, H; Nishikiori, R; Hiratsuka, J; Kashiwagi, M; Umeda, N; Yoshida, M; Ichikawa, M; Watanabe, K; Yamano, Y; Grisham, L R

    2016-02-01

    In order to realize negative ion sources and accelerators to be applicable to International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor and JT-60 Super Advanced, a large cesium (Cs)-seeded negative ion source and a multi-aperture and multi-stage electric acceleration have been developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). Long pulse production and acceleration of the negative ion beams have been independently carried out. The long pulse production of the high current beams has achieved 100 s at the beam current of 15 A by modifying the JT-60 negative ion source. The pulse duration time is increased three times longer than that before the modification. As for the acceleration, a pulse duration time has been also extended two orders of magnitudes from 0.4 s to 60 s. The developments of the negative ion source and acceleration at JAEA are well in progress towards the realization of the negative ion sources and accelerators for fusion applications.

  3. Assessment of the accuracy of plasma shape reconstruction by the Cauchy condition surface method in JT-60SA

    SciTech Connect

    Miyata, Y.; Suzuki, T.; Takechi, M.; Urano, H.; Ide, S.

    2015-07-15

    For the purpose of stable plasma equilibrium control and detailed analysis, it is essential to reconstruct an accurate plasma boundary on the poloidal cross section in tokamak devices. The Cauchy condition surface (CCS) method is a numerical approach for calculating the spatial distribution of the magnetic flux outside a hypothetical surface and reconstructing the plasma boundary from the magnetic measurements located outside the plasma. The accuracy of the plasma shape reconstruction has been assessed by comparing the CCS method and an equilibrium calculation in JT-60SA with a high elongation and triangularity of plasma shape. The CCS, on which both Dirichlet and Neumann conditions are unknown, is defined as a hypothetical surface located inside the real plasma region. The accuracy of the plasma shape reconstruction is sensitive to the CCS free parameters such as the number of unknown parameters and the shape in JT-60SA. It is found that the optimum number of unknown parameters and the size of the CCS that minimizes errors in the reconstructed plasma shape are in proportion to the plasma size. Furthermore, it is shown that the accuracy of the plasma shape reconstruction is greatly improved using the optimum number of unknown parameters and shape of the CCS, and the reachable reconstruction errors in plasma shape and locations of strike points are within the target ranges in JT-60SA.

  4. Modelling of the fin type heat exchanger for the HTS current leads of W7-X and JT-60SA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heller, R.; Class, A.; Batta, A.; Lietzow, R.; Neumann, H.; Tischmacher, M.

    2010-03-01

    The Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe has taken over the responsibility for the design, construction and testing of the high temperature superconductor (HTS) current leads for two fusion experiments, i.e. the stellarator Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) and the satellite tokamak JT-60SA. One important task for the design of the HTS current lead is the heat exchanger (HEX). In the current leads for W7-X and JT-60SA the HEX consists of the central conductor with meander flow fins to achieve a cross flow HEX. A design optimisation requires the knowledge of the heat transfer characteristics of the HEX. Therefore, 3D CFD simulations were performed to compute local Nusselt and Reynolds numbers. From the CFD results a 1D system code description and heat transfer correlations have been deduced. This paper describes the 3D-CFD and 1D system code as well as the results of the numerical calculations. The results were validated using experimental results of HEX mock-ups. The model was extended to the HEX covering the temperature range between 60 K and room temperature leading to a single Nusselt-Reynolds number correlation. Finally the parameters for optimised HTS current leads for W7-X and JT-60SA are presented.

  5. Assessment of the accuracy of plasma shape reconstruction by the Cauchy condition surface method in JT-60SA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyata, Y.; Suzuki, T.; Takechi, M.; Urano, H.; Ide, S.

    2015-07-01

    For the purpose of stable plasma equilibrium control and detailed analysis, it is essential to reconstruct an accurate plasma boundary on the poloidal cross section in tokamak devices. The Cauchy condition surface (CCS) method is a numerical approach for calculating the spatial distribution of the magnetic flux outside a hypothetical surface and reconstructing the plasma boundary from the magnetic measurements located outside the plasma. The accuracy of the plasma shape reconstruction has been assessed by comparing the CCS method and an equilibrium calculation in JT-60SA with a high elongation and triangularity of plasma shape. The CCS, on which both Dirichlet and Neumann conditions are unknown, is defined as a hypothetical surface located inside the real plasma region. The accuracy of the plasma shape reconstruction is sensitive to the CCS free parameters such as the number of unknown parameters and the shape in JT-60SA. It is found that the optimum number of unknown parameters and the size of the CCS that minimizes errors in the reconstructed plasma shape are in proportion to the plasma size. Furthermore, it is shown that the accuracy of the plasma shape reconstruction is greatly improved using the optimum number of unknown parameters and shape of the CCS, and the reachable reconstruction errors in plasma shape and locations of strike points are within the target ranges in JT-60SA.

  6. Assessment of the accuracy of plasma shape reconstruction by the Cauchy condition surface method in JT-60SA.

    PubMed

    Miyata, Y; Suzuki, T; Takechi, M; Urano, H; Ide, S

    2015-07-01

    For the purpose of stable plasma equilibrium control and detailed analysis, it is essential to reconstruct an accurate plasma boundary on the poloidal cross section in tokamak devices. The Cauchy condition surface (CCS) method is a numerical approach for calculating the spatial distribution of the magnetic flux outside a hypothetical surface and reconstructing the plasma boundary from the magnetic measurements located outside the plasma. The accuracy of the plasma shape reconstruction has been assessed by comparing the CCS method and an equilibrium calculation in JT-60SA with a high elongation and triangularity of plasma shape. The CCS, on which both Dirichlet and Neumann conditions are unknown, is defined as a hypothetical surface located inside the real plasma region. The accuracy of the plasma shape reconstruction is sensitive to the CCS free parameters such as the number of unknown parameters and the shape in JT-60SA. It is found that the optimum number of unknown parameters and the size of the CCS that minimizes errors in the reconstructed plasma shape are in proportion to the plasma size. Furthermore, it is shown that the accuracy of the plasma shape reconstruction is greatly improved using the optimum number of unknown parameters and shape of the CCS, and the reachable reconstruction errors in plasma shape and locations of strike points are within the target ranges in JT-60SA.

  7. Modelling and Model-Based-Designed PID Control of the JT-60SA Cryogenic System Using the Simcryogenics Library

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonne, F.; Bonnay, P.; Hoa, C.; Mahoudeau, G.; Rousset, B.

    2017-02-01

    This papers deals with the Japan Torus-60 Super Advanced fusion experiment JT-60SA cryogenic system. A presentation of the JT-60SA cryogenic system model, from 300K to 4.4K -using the Matlab/Simulink/Simscape Simcryogenics library- will be given. As a first validation of our modelling strategy, the obtained operating point will be compared with the one obtained from HYSYS simulations. In the JT60-SA tokamak, pulsed heat loads are expected to be coming from the plasma and must be handled properly, using both appropriate refrigerator architecture and appropriate control model, to smooth the heat load. This paper presents model-based designed PID control schemes to control the helium mass inside the phase separator. The helium mass inside the phase separator as been chosen to be the variable of interest in the phase separator since it is independent of the pressure which can vary from 1 bar to 1.8 bar during load smoothing. Dynamics simulations will be shown to assess the legitimacy of the proposed strategy. This work is partially supported through the French National Research Agency (ANR), task agreement ANR-13-SEED-0005.

  8. Development of Fast Measurement System of Neutron Emission Profile Using a Digital Signal Processing Technique in JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Ishikawa, M.; Shinohara, K.; Itoga, T.; Okuji, T.; Nakhostin, M.; Baba, M.; Nishitani, T.

    2008-03-12

    Neutron emission profiles are routinely measured in JT-60U Tokamak. Stinbene neuron detectors (SNDs), which combine a Stilbene organic crystal scintillation detector (Stilbene detector) with an analog neutron-gamma pulse shape discrimination (PSD) circuit, have been used to measure neutron flux efficiently. Although the SND has many advantages as a neutron detector, the maximum count rate is limited up to {approx}1x 10{sup 5} counts/s due to the dead time of the analog PSD circuit. To overcome this issue, a digital signal processing (DSP) system using a Flash-ADC has been developed. In this system, anode signals from the photomultiplier of the Stilbene detector are fed to the Flash ADC and digitized. Then, the PSD between neutrons and gamma-rays are performed using software. The photomultiplier tube is also modified to suppress and correct gain fluctuation of the photomultiplier. The DSP system has been installed in the center channel of the vertical neutron collimator system in JT-60U and applied to measurements of neutron flux in JT-60U experiments. Neutron flux are successfully measured with count rate up to {approx}1x 10{sup 6} counts/s without the effect of pile up of detected pulses. The performance of the DSP system as a neutron detector is demonstrated.

  9. A 727 airplane center duct inlet low speed performance confirmation model test for refanned JT8D engines, phase 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaldschmidt, G.; Syltebo, B. E.; Ting, C. T.

    1973-01-01

    The results from testing of a 0.3 scale model center duct inlet (S duct) for the Pratt and Whitney Aircraft JT8D-100 engines are presented. The objective of this test was to demonstrate that the required airflow of the JT8D-100 engine (480 lb/sec as compared to 334 lb/sec for JT8D-15) can be achieved with minimum modifications to the existing 727 airplane structure at acceptable levels of total pressure recovery and distortion. Steady-state pressure recovery, steady-state pressure distortion, and dynamic pressure measurements were taken at the engine face station. Surface static pressure measurements were taken along the duct. Test results indicated that the required airflow was achieved with acceptable pressure recovery (comparable to the current 727-200 S duct). Inlet inflow angle variation within the 727 airplane operating regime (minus 5 to 5 degrees) had no effect on the inlet performance. Pressure distortion at static and forward speed at takeoff airflow conditions are within P and WA limits for the Phase II duct when equipped with vortex generators. Static crosswind operation between 10 knots and 25 knots appears feasible at full takeoff power.

  10. Performance deterioration based on existing (historical) data; JT9D jet engine diagnostics program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sallee, G. P.

    1978-01-01

    The results of the collection and analysis of historical data pertaining to the deterioration of JT9D engine performance are presented. The results of analyses of prerepair and postrepair engine test stand performance data from a number of airlines to establish the individual as well as average losses in engine performance with respect to service use are included. Analysis of the changes in mechanical condition of parts, obtained by inspection of used gas-path parts of varying age, allowed preliminary assessments of component performance deterioration levels and identification of the causitive factors. These component performance estimates, refined by data from special engine back-to-back testing related to module performance restoration, permitted the development of preliminary models of engine component/module performance deterioration with respect to usage. The preliminary assessment of the causes of module performance deterioration and the trends with usage are explained, along with the role each module plays in overall engine performance deterioration. Preliminary recommendations with respect to operating and maintenance practices which could be adopted to control the level of performance deterioration are presented. The needs for additional component sensitivity testing as well as outstanding issues are discussed.

  11. Numerical analyses of JT-60SA tokamak with tungsten divertor by COREDIV code

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gałązka, K.; Ivanova-Stanik, I.; Stępniewski, W.; Zagórski, R.; Neu, R.; Romanelli, M.; Nakano, T.

    2017-04-01

    An analysis of radiative power exhaust for the JT-60SA tokamak with a tungsten divertor is performed with the help of the self-consistent, core-edge integrated COREDIV code. Two scenarios of operation (low and high density) were investigated in the scope of different parameters (electron density at the separatrix and the perpendicular transport in the scrape-off layer) with impurity seeding (Ne and Kr). The calculations show that in the case of the tungsten divertor the power load to the divertor plate is mitigated and the central plasma dilution is smaller compared to the carbon divertor. In the most cases the energy flux through the separatrix is above the L–H transition threshold. For the high density case with neon seeding operation in full detachment mode is observed. Changing the diffusion coefficient in the SOL has a strong influence on the result of the calculations as increased radial transport causes stronger screening effect. Also by changing the electron density on the separatrix the influx of heavy impurities (W, Kr) into the core region can be reduced. The results demonstrate that it is easier to achieve sustainable conditions in the divertor region for the high density scenario, whereas for the low density one reducing the auxiliary heating power seems unavoidable to prevent damaging of the target plate, even for strong seeding gas influx.

  12. Performance deterioration due to acceptance testing and flight loads; JT90 jet engine diagnostic program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Olsson, W. J.

    1982-01-01

    The results of a flight loads test of the JT9D-7 engine are presented. The goals of this test program were to: measure aerodynamic and inertia loads on the engine during flight, explore the effects of airplane gross weight and typical maneuvers on these flight loads, simultaneously measure the changes in engine running clearances and performance resulting from the maneuvers, make refinements of engine performance deterioration prediction models based on analytical results of the tests, and make recommendations to improve propulsion system performance retention. The test program included a typical production airplane acceptance test plus additional flights and maneuvers to encompass the range of flight loads in revenue service. The test results indicated that aerodynamic loads, primarily at take-off, were the major cause of rub-indicated that aerodynamic loads, primarily at take-off, were the major cause of rub-induced deterioration in the cold sectin of the engine. Differential thermal expansion between rotating and static parts plus aerodynamic loads combined to cause blade-to-seal rubs in the turbine.

  13. Performance deterioration based on in-service engine data: JT9D jet engine diagnostics program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sallee, G. P.

    1979-01-01

    Results of analyses of engine performance deterioration trends and levels with respect to service usage are presented. Thirty-two JT9D-7A engines were selected for this purpose. The selection of this engine fleet provided the opportunity of obtaining engine performance data starting before the first flight through initial service such that the trend and levels of engine deterioration related to both short and long term deterioration could be more carefully defined. The performance data collected and analyzed included in-flight, on wing (ground), and test stand prerepair and postrepair performance calibrations with expanded instrumentation where feasible. The results of the analyses of these data were used to: (1) close gaps in previously obtained historical data as well as augment the historical data with more carefully obtained data; (2) refine preliminary models of performance deterioration with respect to usage; (3) establish an understanding of the relationships between ground and altitude performance deterioration trends; (4) refine preliminary recommendations concerning means to reduce and control deterioration; and (5) identify areas where additional effort is required to develop an understanding of complex deterioration issues.

  14. Sensitivity study for N-NB-driven modes in JT-60U: boundary, diffusion, gyroaverage, compressibility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bierwage, A.; Todo, Y.; Aiba, N.; Shinohara, K.

    2016-10-01

    The sensitivity of the growth and nonlinear evolution of fast-ion-driven modes is examined with respect to the choice of particle boundary conditions, diffusion coefficients, fast ion gyroradii and bulk compressibility. The primary purpose of this work is to justify the choice of parameters to be used in the self-consistent long-time simulations of fast ion dynamics using global MHD-kinetic hybrid codes that include fast ion sources and collisions. The present study is conducted for a scenario based on the N-NB-driven JT-60U shot E039672, which is subject to abrupt large events (ALE). We use realistic geometry, a realistic fast ion distribution, and focus on experimentally observed harmonics with low toroidal mode numbers n  =  1, 2, 3. The use of realistic boundary conditions and finite Larmor radii for the fast ions is shown to be essential. The usual values {μ0}η =ν =χ ∼ {{10}-6}{{v}\\text{A0}}{{R}0} used for resistivity, viscosity and thermal diffusivity, and Γ=5/3 used for the specific heat ratio (controlling the effect of compressibility) are shown to be reasonable choices. Our method for performing the parameter scans around the threshold for the onset of convective amplification is proposed as a strategy for nonlinear benchmark studies.

  15. Behaviour of tritium in the vacuum vessel of JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Kobayashi, K.; Miya, N.; Ikeda, Y.; Torikai, Y.; Saito, M.; Alimov, V.

    2015-03-15

    The disassembly of the JT-60U torus started in 2010 after 18 years of deuterium plasma operations. The vessel is made of Inconel 625. Therefore, it was very important to study the hydrogen isotope (particularly tritium) behavior in Inconel 625 from the viewpoint of the clearance procedure. Inconel 625 specimen was exposed to the D{sub 2} (92.8 %) - T{sub 2} (7.2 %) gas mixture at 573 K for 5 hours. The tritium release from the specimen at 298 K was controlled for about 1 year. After that a part of tritium remaining in the specimen was released by heating up to 1073 K. Other part of tritium trapped in the specimen was measured by chemical etching method. Most of the chemical form of the released tritium was HTO. The contaminated specimen by tritium was released continuously the diffusible tritium under the ambient condition. In the tritium release experiment, the amount of desorbed tritium was about 99% during 1 year. It was considered that the tritium in Inconel 625 was released easily.

  16. Installation and pre-commissioning of the cryogenic system of JT-60SA tokamak

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoa, C.; Michel, F.; Roussel, P.; Fejoz, P.; Girard, S.; Goncalves, R.; Lamaison, V.; Natsume, K.; Kizu, K.; Koide, Y.; Yoshida, K.; Cardella, A.; Portone, A.; Verrecchia, M.; Wanner, M.; Beauvisage, J.; Bertholat, F.; Gaillard, G.; Heloin, V.; Langevin, B.; Legrand, J.; Maire, S.; Perrier, J. M.; Pudys, V.

    2017-02-01

    The cryogenic system for the superconducting tokamak JT-60SA is currently being commissioned in Naka, Japan and shall be ready for operation in summer 2016. This contribution is part of the Broader Approach agreement between Japan and Europe. With an equivalent refrigeration capacity of about 9.5 kW at 4.5 K the cryogenic system will supply cryo-pump panels at 3.7 K, superconducting magnets and their structures at 4.4 K, high temperature superconducting current leads at 50 K and thermal shields between 80 K and 100 K. The system has been specifically designed to handle large pulse loads at 4.4 K during plasma operation. The mechanical and electrical assembly of the cryogenic system has been achieved within six months by October 2015. The main contractor Air Liquide Advanced Technology (AL-aT) have supplied eight parallel working screw compressors with a common oil removal and dryer system, a Refrigeration Cold Box and an Auxiliary Cold box with cold rotating machines. F4E has provided six GHe storage vessels and QST has provided the complete infrastructure and the facilities for the utilities. The paper gives an overview of the main design features, the infrastructure and the status of installation and pre-commissioning.

  17. Development of a Lithium Beam Probe and Measurement of Density Pedestal in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kojima, Atsushi; Kamiya, Kensaku; Fujita, Takaaki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Iguchi, Harukazu; Oyama, Naoyuki; Suzuki, Takahiro; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team

    A lithium beam probe (LiBP) has been developed for the measurement of electron density profiles with highly spatial and temporal resolutions in JT-60U. Using an electron beam heating ion source with a capability of 10 mA extraction, a 5.5 mA beam has been injected to the plasmas. It corresponds to the equivalent neutral beam current of 2 mA. A spectrum width of the beam emission has been small enough to separate Zeeman splitting. By use of the LiBP, time evolutions of pedestal density profiles during type I and grassy edge localized modes (ELMs) have been obtained for the first time. After a type I ELM crash, the drop of the line-integrated density measured by an interferometer delays by 2 ms later than that of the pedestal density. Comparing the line-integrated density to the line integration of the edge density profile measured by the LiBP, it is found that the recovery from the type I ELM crash is correlated with the reduction of core plasma density. As for grassy ELMs, grassy ELMs have smaller density crashes than that of type I ELMs, which is mainly derived from the narrower ELM affected area.

  18. Gaseous exhaust emissions from a JT8D-109 turbofan engine at simulated cruise flight conditions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Diehl, L. A.; Holdeman, J. D.

    1975-01-01

    Gaseous emissions from a JT8D-109 turbofan engine were measured in an altitude facility at four simulated cruise flight conditions: Mach 0.8 at altitudes of 9.1, 10, 7, and 12.2 km and Mach 0.9 at 10.7 km. Engine inlet air temperature was held constant at 283 K for all tests. Emissions measurements were made at nominally 6 cm intervals across the horizontal diameter of the engine exhaust nozzle with a single-point traversing gas sample probe. Measured emissions of decreased with increasing altitude from an emission index of 10.4 to one of 8.3, while carbon monoxide increased with increasing altitude from an emission index of 1.6 to one of 4.4. Unburned hydrocarbon emissions were essentially negligible for all flight conditions. Since the engine inlet air temperatures were not correctly simulated, the NOx emission indices were corrected to true altitude conditions by using correlating parameters for changes in combustor inlet temperature, pressure, and temperature rise. The correction was small at the lowest altitude. At the 10.7 and 12.2 km, Mach 0.8 test conditions the correction decreased the measured values by 1 emission index.

  19. Density fluctuation measurement using motional Stark effect optics in JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Suzuki, T.; Fujita, T.; Oyama, N.; Isayama, A.; Matsunaga, G.; Oikawa, T.; Asakura, N.; Takechi, M.

    2006-10-15

    The multichannel motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostic system in JT-60U has been upgraded to measure density fluctuation profile. A 16-channel fast-sampling digitizer has been added in order to measure photomultiplier-tube signals at measurement frequency of 0.5-1 MHz. The new system works as a MSE and beam emission spectroscopy diagnostic. Spatially resolved electron density fluctuation profile measurement in various operation regimes is presented. In the core plasma, density fluctuation induced by rotation of tearing mode islands was observed. Temporal evolution of the fluctuation frequency agrees with that measured by Mirnov coils (poloidal and toroidal mode numbers: 2 and 1, respectively). The phases of the fluctuations on either side of the q=2 surface are inverted, which is consistent with electron cyclotron emission. These measurements show that the density fluctuation is caused by a rotating magnetic island structure induced by the tearing mode. In the scrape-off layer of a H-mode plasma with edge-localized-mode (ELM), i. e., ELMy H-mode outward propagation of strong intermittent emission corresponding to ELM crash was also observed. The propagation velocity is 0.69-2.2 km/s along the MSE measurement points, the time lag and distance between adjacent channels being 67{+-}35 {mu}s and 70 mm, respectively.

  20. Magnetic fluctuation profile measurement using optics of motional Stark effect diagnostics in JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Suzuki, T.; Isayama, A.; Matsunaga, G.; Oyama, N.; Fujita, T.; Oikawa, T.

    2008-10-15

    Motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostics in JT-60U works as polarimeter to measure the pitch angle of magnetic field as well as beam-emission-spectroscopy (BES) monochromator simultaneously at 30 spatial channels. Fluctuation in the BES signal using MSE optics (MSE/BES) contains fluctuations in not only the density but also the pitch angle (or the magnetic field). Correlation analysis of the magnetic fluctuation between two spatial channels is applied to high-beta plasma with a magnetohydrodynamic activity at frequency of about 0.9 kHz. It has been found that the magnetic fluctuation measured by the MSE/BES is spatially localized near the magnetic flux surface having safety factor and that the phase of the fluctuation is inverted at about the surface, suggesting magnetic island structure by tearing mode. The phase of the magnetic fluctuation measured by the MSE/BES at outside of the q=2 surface is consistent with that by the pickup coil placed outside the plasma.

  1. An alpha2,6-sialyltransferase cloned from Photobacterium leiognathi strain JT-SHIZ-119 shows both sialyltransferase and neuraminidase activity.

    PubMed

    Mine, Toshiki; Katayama, Sakurako; Kajiwara, Hitomi; Tsunashima, Masako; Tsukamoto, Hiroshi; Takakura, Yoshimitsu; Yamamoto, Takeshi

    2010-02-01

    We cloned, expressed, and characterized a novel beta-galactoside alpha2,6-sialyltransferase from Photobacterium leiognathi strain JT-SHIZ-119. The protein showed 56-96% identity to the marine bacterial alpha2,6-sialyltransferases classified into glycosyltransferase family 80. The sialyltransferase activity of the N-terminal truncated form of the recombinant enzyme was 1477 U/L of Escherichia coli culture. The truncated recombinant enzyme was purified as a single band by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis through 3 column chromatography steps. The enzyme had distinct activity compared with known marine bacterial alpha2,6-sialyltransferases. Although alpha2,6-sialyltransferases cloned from marine bacteria, such as Photobacterium damselae strain JT0160, P. leiognathi strain JT-SHIZ-145, and Photobacterium sp. strain JT-ISH-224, show only alpha2,6-sialyltransferase activity, the recombinant enzyme cloned from P. leiognathi strain JT-SHIZ-119 showed both alpha2,6-sialyltransferase and alpha2,6-linkage-specific neuraminidase activity. Our results provide important information toward a comprehensive understanding of the bacterial sialyltransferases belonging to the group 80 glycosyltransferase family in the CAZy database.

  2. Neural-net predictor for beta limit disruptions in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshino, R.

    2005-11-01

    Prediction of major disruptions occurring at the β -limit for tokamak plasmas with a normal magnetic shear in JT-60U was conducted using neural networks. Since no clear precursors are generally observed a few tens of milliseconds before the β -limit disruption, a sub-neural network is trained to output the value of the βN limit every 2 ms. The target βN limit is artificially set by the operator in the first step to train a network with non-disruptive shots as well as disruptive shots, and then in the second step the target limit is modified using the βN limit output from the trained network. The adjusted target greatly improves the consistency between the input data and the output. This training, the 'self-teaching method', has greatly reduced the false alarm rate triggered for non-disruptive shots. To improve the prediction performance further, the difference between the output βN limit and the measured βN, and 11 parameters, are inputted to the main neural network to calculate the 'stability level'. The occurrence of a major disruption is predicted when the stability level decreases to the 'alarm level'. Major disruptions at the β -limit have been predicted by the main network with a prediction success rate of 80% at 10 ms prior to the disruption while the false alarm rate is lower than 4% for non-disruptive shots. This 80% value is much higher than that obtained for a network trained with a fixed target βN limit set to be the maximum βN observed at the start of a major disruption, lower than 10%. A prediction success rate of 90% with a false alarm rate of 12% at 10 ms prior to the disruption has also been obtained. This 12% value is about half of that obtained for a network trained with a fixed target βN limit.

  3. Fast dynamics of type I and grassy ELMs in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kojima, A.; Oyama, N.; Sakamoto, Y.; Kamada, Y.; Urano, H.; Kamiya, K.; Fujita, T.; Kubo, H.; Aiba, N.; JT-60 Team

    2009-11-01

    In order to understand the physics of the ELM trigger and determine the ELM size, the fast ELM dynamics of type I and grassy ELMs have been studied in JT-60U, using new fast diagnostics with high spatial and temporal resolutions such as a lithium beam probe (Δt ~ 0.5 ms) and a charge exchange recombination spectroscopy (Δt ~ 2.5 ms), which can measure the electron density and the ion temperature, respectively. The evolution of the ion pressure profile in the pedestal region has been evaluated for the first time by detailed edge profile measurements. Then, the dynamics of the density, the ion temperature and the ion pressure in the ELM cycle has been investigated. The co-rotating plasmas are compared with the counter (ctr)-rotating plasmas for the understanding of the toroidal rotation effects. Type I ELMs observed in co-rotating plasmas exhibit a larger and wider ELM affected area (Δnped/nped ~ 30%, radial extent >15 cm) than ctr-rotating plasmas (Δnped/nped ~ 20%, radial extent ~10 cm). Just before a type I ELM crash, the pedestal ion pressure and its maximum gradient in co-rotating plasmas are 20% and 12% higher than those in ctr-rotating plasmas, respectively. It is found that the radial extent of the ion pressure gradient at the pedestal region in co-rotating plasmas is 14% wider than that in ctr-rotating plasmas. The experimental results suggest that the ELM size is connected with the structure of the plasma pressure in the whole pedestal region. As for the dynamics of grassy ELMs, the collapse of density pedestal is smaller (<20%) and narrower (~5 cm) than those of type I ELMs, as observed in the collapse of the electron temperature pedestal. Thus, it is confirmed that both conductive and convective losses due to grassy ELMs are small.

  4. A Comparative Investigation on the JT Effect in Triangular Compounds of NaMnO2, NaNiO2 and NaTiO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ouyang, Sheng-De; Quan, Ya-Min; Liu, Da-Yong; Zou, Liang-Jian

    2011-06-01

    We present a study on the Jahn—Teller (JT) distortions of the TiO6, NiO6 and MnO6 complexes in NaTiO2, NaNiO2 and NaMnO2 triangular compounds with a C2/m structure. The JT vibronic normal modes are found to be Q3, Q'4 and Q6 by the group symmetry on the C2/m structure. The magnitude of the normal coordinates (Q3, Q'4, Q6) and the structural parameters of distorted octahedra MO6 (M=Ti, Ni, Mn) are obtained and in good agreement with experimental data. The energy level splitting of 3d orbitals and the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) character in the MO6 complex are also calculated in accordance with the JT distortions. These results provide a first insight into the groundstate and magnetic properties of distorted triangular compounds AMO2.

  5. Plasma equilibrium and confinement in a tokamak with nearly zero central current density in JT-60U.

    PubMed

    Fujita, T; Oikawa, T; Suzuki, T; Ide, S; Sakamoto, Y; Koide, Y; Hatae, T; Naito, O; Isayama, A; Hayashi, N; Shirai, H

    2001-12-10

    A high confinement equilibrium with nearly zero toroidal current in the central region (a "current hole") has been observed for the first time to persist stably for several seconds in the JT-60U tokamak. This observation indicates the possibility of stable tokamak operation without central toroidal current; the central current has previously been believed to be necessary in tokamaks. The radius of the current hole extended up to 40% of the plasma minor radius. It was observed that the current hole was formed by the increase of the off-axis noninductive current.

  6. Loss of nuclear expression of parafibromin distinguishes parathyroid carcinomas and hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor (HPT-JT) syndrome-related adenomas from sporadic parathyroid adenomas and hyperplasias.

    PubMed

    Gill, Anthony J; Clarkson, Adele; Gimm, Oliver; Keil, Juliane; Dralle, Henning; Howell, Viive M; Marsh, Deborah J

    2006-09-01

    Parathyroid carcinoma is notoriously difficult to diagnose with confidence in borderline cases. Commonly there is a long lag time between diagnosis and clinical evidence of malignant behavior even in histopathologically straightforward lesions. There is therefore a need for a novel adjunctive marker to assist in the diagnosis of carcinoma. Parafibromin is the protein encoded by the putative tumor suppressor gene HRPT2. Mutations predicted to inactivate parafibromin were first detected in the germline of patients with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor (HPT-JT) syndrome. Subsequently, somatic mutations have been identified in the majority of sporadic carcinomas. We performed immunohistochemistry for parafibromin on 115 parathyroid tissues comprising 4 HPT-JT-related tumors (3 adenomas and 1 carcinoma), 11 sporadic parathyroid carcinomas, 79 sporadic adenomas, 3 multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A-related adenomas, 2 sporadic primary hyperplasias, 2 multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN)-1-related hyperplasias, 6 secondary hyperplasias, 4 tertiary hyperplasias, and 4 normal parathyroid glands. There was complete absence of nuclear staining in 3 of 4 (75%) HPT-JT-related tumors and 8 of 11 (73%) sporadic parathyroid carcinomas and focal weak staining in 1 of 4 HPT-JT tumors and 2 of 11 sporadic parathyroid carcinomas. Only 1 parathyroid carcinoma exhibited diffuse strong nuclear expression of parafibromin. In contrast, 98 of 100 non-HPT-JT-related benign parathyroids showed diffuse strong nuclear positivity and 2 of 100 showed weak positive staining. We conclude that, in the correct clinical and pathologic context, complete absence of nuclear staining for parafibromin is diagnostic of parathyroid carcinoma or an HPT-JT-related tumor.

  7. Compact antenna for two-dimensional beam scan in the JT-60U electron cyclotron heating/current drive system

    SciTech Connect

    Moriyama, S.; Kajiwara, K.; Takahashi, K.; Kasugai, A.; Seki, M.; Ikeda, Y.; Fujii, T.

    2005-11-15

    A compact antenna system was designed and fabricated to enable millimeter-wave beam scanning in the toroidal and poloidal directions of the JT-60U tokamak for electron cyclotron heating (ECH) and electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD) experiments. The antenna consists of a fast movable flat mirror mounted on the tokamak vacuum vessel and a rotary focusing mirror attached at the end of the waveguide that is supported from outside the vacuum vessel. This separate support concept enables a compact structure inside a shallow port (0.68x0.54x0.2 m) that is shared with a subport for an independent diagnostic system. During a plasma shot, the flat mirror is driven by a servomotor with a 3-m-long drive shaft to reduce the influence of the high magnetic field on the motor. The focusing mirror is rotated by a simple mechanism utilizing a push rod and an air cylinder. The antenna has been operated reliably for 3 years after a small improvement to the rotary drive mechanism. It has made significant contributions to ECH and ECCD experiments, especially the current profile control in JT-60U.

  8. The 727 airplane side inlet low-speed performance confirmation model test for refanned JT8D engines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schuehle, A. L.

    1974-01-01

    The results of a low-speed wind tunnel test of a 0.3 scale model 727 airplane side inlet for JT8D-100 engines are presented. The objectives of the test were to develop lines for a full-scale flightworthy inlet, to evaluate inlet total pressure recovery and steady-state total pressure distortion, and to obtain model-scale distortion data which can be used in the assessment of the compatibility of the inlet with the JT8D-100 series engines. A secondary objective was to obtain internal/external cowl static pressures for the determination of nacelle loads. Two basic inlet models were tested at static, forward speed, angle-of-attack (inflow angle), and cross-wind conditions. One model was with and one without an acoustic ring. Two modifications to the models were also tested, one with the ring closer to the inlet throat and one with a larger lip. Test measurements consisted of inlet surface static pressure, engine face total pressure, inlet airflow, tunnel total pressure, tunnel total temperature and tunnel velocity. Total pressure traverses were taken directly behind the ring and strut. No dynamic measurements were taken.

  9. Impact of ion diamagnetic drift on MHD stability at edge pedestal in JT-60U rotating plasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aiba, N.; Honda, M.; Kamiya, K.

    2017-02-01

    The effect of ion diamagnetic drift on the stability of peeling-ballooning modes in rotating tokamak plasmas has been analyzed numerically. The results show that plasma toroidal rotation can not only destabilize the peeling-ballooning mode but also can reduce the ion diamagnetic drift effect on the mode stability, even though the ion diamagnetic drift effect stabilizes the mode in a static plasma. Plasma poloidal rotation can also destabilize the mode and cancel the ion diamagnetic drift effect, even when the rotation frequency is much smaller than the toroidal one. These impacts of the rotation on the stability can resolve the discrepancy between the result of the numerical stability analysis and the experimental result in type-I ELMy H-mode plasmas in JT-60U. The reduction of the ion diamagnetic drift effect on ELM stability due to plasma rotation is shown to depend on the direction of the rotation, so that the ion diamagnetic drift effect becomes negligible only when the JT-60U plasma rotates in the direction counter to the plasma current.

  10. Expanded study of feasibility of measuring in-flight 747/JT9D loads, performance, clearance, and thermal data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sallee, G. P.; Martin, R. L.

    1980-01-01

    The JT9D jet engine exhibits a TSFC loss of about 1 percent in the initial 50 flight cycles of a new engine. These early losses are caused by seal-wear induced opening of running clearances in the engine gas path. The causes of this seal wear have been identified as flight induced loads which deflect the engine cases and rotors, causing the rotating blades to rub against the seal surfaces, producing permanent clearance changes. The real level of flight loads encountered during airplane acceptance testing and revenue service and the engine's response in the dynamic flight environment were investigated. The feasibility of direct measurement of these flight loads and their effects by concurrent measurement of 747/JT9D propulsion system aerodynamic and inertia loads and the critical engine clearance and performance changes during 747 flight and ground operations was evaluated. A number of technical options were examined in relation to the total estimated program cost to facilitate selection of the most cost effective option. It is concluded that a flight test program meeting the overall objective of determining the levels of aerodynamic and inertia load levels to which the engine is exposed during the initial flight acceptance test and normal flight maneuvers is feasible and desirable. A specific recommended flight test program, based on the evaluation of cost effectiveness, is defined.

  11. Active Control of Inlet Noise on the JT15D Turbofan Engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Jerome P.; Hutcheson, Florence V.; Burdisso, Ricardo A.; Fuller, Chris R.

    1999-01-01

    This report presents the key results obtained by the Vibration and Acoustics Laboratories at Virginia Tech over the year from November 1997 to December 1998 on the Active Noise Control of Turbofan Engines research project funded by NASA Langley Research Center. The concept of implementing active noise control techniques with fuselage-mounted error sensors is investigated both analytically and experimentally. The analytical part of the project involves the continued development of an advanced modeling technique to provide prediction and design guidelines for application of active noise control techniques to large, realistic high bypass engines of the type on which active control methods are expected to be applied. Results from the advanced analytical model are presented that show the effectiveness of the control strategies, and the analytical results presented for fuselage error sensors show good agreement with the experimentally observed results and provide additional insight into the control phenomena. Additional analytical results are presented for active noise control used in conjunction with a wavenumber sensing technique. The experimental work is carried out on a running JT15D turbofan jet engine in a test stand at Virginia Tech. The control strategy used in these tests was the feedforward Filtered-X LMS algorithm. The control inputs were supplied by single and multiple circumferential arrays of acoustic sources equipped with neodymium iron cobalt magnets mounted upstream of the fan. The reference signal was obtained from an inlet mounted eddy current probe. The error signals were obtained from a number of pressure transducers flush-mounted in a simulated fuselage section mounted in the engine test cell. The active control methods are investigated when implemented with the control sources embedded within the acoustically absorptive material on a passively-lined inlet. The experimental results show that the combination of active control techniques with fuselage

  12. A beta-galactoside alpha2,6-sialyltransferase produced by a marine bacterium, Photobacterium leiognathi JT-SHIZ-145, is active at pH 8.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Takeshi; Hamada, Yoko; Ichikawa, Masako; Kajiwara, Hitomi; Mine, Toshiki; Tsukamoto, Hiroshi; Takakura, Yoshimitsu

    2007-11-01

    A gene encoding a sialyltransferase produced by Photobacterium leiognathi JT-SHIZ-145 was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli. The sialyltransferase gene contained an open reading frame of 1494 base pairs (bp) encoding a predicted protein of 497 amino acid residues. The deduced amino acid sequence of the sialyltransferase had no significant similarity to mammalian sialyltransferases and did not contain sialyl motifs, but did show high homology to another marine bacterial sialyltransferase, a beta-galactoside alpha2,6-sialyltransferase produced by P. damselae JT0160. The acceptor substrate specificity of the new enzyme was similar to that of the alpha2,6-sialyltransferase from P. damselae JT0160, but its activity was maximal at pH 8. This property is quite different from the properties of all mammalian and bacterial sialyltransferases reported previously, which have maximal activity at acidic pH. In general, both sialosides and cytidine-5'-monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid, the common donor substrate of sialyltransferases, are more stable under basic conditions. Therefore, a sialyltransferase with an optimum pH in the basic range should be useful for the preparation of sialosides and the modification of glycoconjugates, such as asialo-glycoproteins and asialo-glycolipids. Thus, the sialyltransferase obtained from P. leiognathi JT-SHIZ-145 is a promising tool for the efficient production of sialosides.

  13. JT9D-70/59 Improved High Pressure Turbine Active Clearance Control System. [for specific fuel consumption improvement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaffin, W. O.

    1979-01-01

    The JT9D-70/59 high pressure turbine active clearance control system was modified to provide reduction of blade tip clearance when the system is activated during cruise operation. The modification increased the flow capacity and air impingement effectiveness of the cooling air manifold to augment turbine case shrinkage capability, and increased responsiveness of the airseal clearance to case shrinkage. The simulated altitude engine testing indicated a significant improvement in specific fuel consumption with the modified system. A 1000 cycle engine endurance test showed no unusual wear or performance deterioration effects on the engine or the clearance control system. Rig tests indicated that the air impingement and seal support configurations used in the engine tests are near optimum.

  14. Conductor and joint test results of JT-60SA CS and EF coils using the NIFS test facility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Obana, Tetsuhiro; Takahata, Kazuya; Hamaguchi, Shinji; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Chikaraishi, Hirotaka; Noguchi, Hiroki; Kobuchi, Takashi; Moriuchi, Sadatomo; Imagawa, Shinsaku; Mito, Toshiyuki; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Natsume, Kyohei; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Nomoto, Kazuhiro; Kim, Tae-hyun

    2016-01-01

    In 2007, JAEA and NIFS launched the test project to evaluate the performance of cable-in-conduit (CIC) conductors and conductor joints for the JT-60SA CS and EF coils. In this project, conductor tests for four types of coil conductor and joint tests for seven types of conductor joint have been conducted for the past eight years using the NIFS test facility. As a result, the test project indicated that the CIC conductors and conductor joints fulfill the design requirement for the CS and EF coils. In addition, the NIFS test facility is expected to be utilized as the test facility for the development of a conductor and conductor joint for the purpose of the DEMO nuclear fusion power plant, provided that the required magnetic field strength is within 9 T.

  15. Double-Null Divertor Design for JT-60SU, A 10-MA Class Long-Pulse Tokamak

    SciTech Connect

    West, W.P.; Friend, M.E.; Baxi, C.B.; Humphreys, D.A.; Leuer, J.A.; Petrie, T.W.; Reis, E.E.; Ishida, S.; Kurita, G.; Neyatani, Y.; Sakasai, A.

    2001-01-15

    The design of a double-null divertor for use in JT-60SU is presented. The free-boundary equilibrium code EFIT is used to establish a symmetric highly triangular double-null plasma shape. The baffle shapes are highly contoured to match the equilibrium, with the plasma-facing surfaces intersecting the flux surfaces at steep angles in the regions of high heat flux. These contoured surfaces also provide a tightly baffled design with small-aperture pumping gaps near both the inner and outer divertor strike points. The gaps provide adequate throughput of D{sub 2} gas for active control of impurity entrainment at reasonable pressures. The structural design is shown to be consistent with both forces from disruptions and thermal stress during vacuum vessel bakeout.

  16. Investigation of performance deterioration of the CF6/JT9D, high-bypass ratio turbofan engines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ziemianski, J. A.; Mehalic, C. M.

    1980-01-01

    The aircraft energy efficiency program within NASA is developing technology required to improve the fuel efficiency of commercial subsonic transport aricraft. One segment of this program includes engine diagnostics which is directed toward determining the sources and causes of performance deterioration in the Pratt and Whitney Aircraft JT9D and General Electric CF6 high-bypass ratio turbofan engines and developing technology for minimizing the performance losses. Results of engine performance deterioration investigations based on historical data, special engine tests, and specific tests to define the influence of flight loads and component clearances on performance are presented. The results of analysis of several damage mechanisms that contribute to performance deterioration such as blade tip rubs, airfoil surface roughness and erosion, and thermal distortion are also included. The significance of these damage mechanisms on component and overall engine performance is discussed.

  17. Comparison of several inflow control devices for flight simulation of fan tone noise using a JT15D-1 engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcardle, J. G.; Jones, W. L.; Heidelberg, L. J.; Homyak, L.

    1980-01-01

    To enable accurate simulation of in-flight fan tone noise during ground static tests, four devices intended to reduce inflow disturbances and turbulence were tested with a JT15D-1 turbofan engine. These inflow control devices (ICD's) consisted of honeycomb/screen structures mounted over the engine inlet. The ICD's ranged from 1.6 to 4 fan diameters in size, and differed in shape and fabrication method. All the ICD's significantly reduced the BPF tone in the far-field directivity patterns, but the smallest ICD's apparently introduced propagating modes which could be recognized by additional lobes in the speeds; at supersonic fan tip speed the smallest ICD's had some measurable loss, but the largest had no loss. Data from a typical transducer show that the unsteady inflow distortion modes (turbulence) were eliminated or significantly reduced when either of the ICD's was installed. However, some steady inflow distortion modes remained.

  18. Numerical modeling of a 2K J-T heat exchanger used in Fermilab Vertical Test Stand VTS-1

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Prabhat Kumar; Rabehl, Roger

    2014-07-01

    Fermilab Vertical Test Stand-1 (VTS-1) is in operation since 2007 for testing the superconducting RF cavities at 2 K. This test stand has single layer coiled finned tubes heat exchanger before J-T valve. A finite difference based thermal model has been developed in Engineering Equation Solver (EES) to study its thermal performance during filling and refilling to maintain the constant liquid level of test stand. The model is also useful to predict its performance under other various operating conditions and will be useful to design the similar kind of heat exchanger for future needs. Present paper discusses the different operational modes of this heat exchanger and its thermal characteristics under these operational modes. Results of this model have also been compared with the experimental data gathered from the VTS-1 heat exchanger and they are in good agreement with the present model.

  19. Energy loss for grassy ELMs and effects of plasma rotation on the ELM characteristics in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oyama, N.; Sakamoto, Y.; Isayama, A.; Takechi, M.; Gohil, P.; Lao, L. L.; Snyder, P. B.; Fujita, T.; Ide, S.; Kamada, Y.; Miura, Y.; Oikawa, T.; Suzuki, T.; Takenaga, H.; Toi, K.; JT-60 Team

    2005-08-01

    The energy loss for grassy edge localized modes (ELMs) has been studied to investigate the applicability of the grassy ELM regime to ITER. The grassy ELM regime is characterized by high frequency periodic collapses of 800-1500 Hz, which is ~15 times faster than that for type I ELMs. The divertor peak heat flux due to grassy ELMs is less than 10% of that for type I ELMs. This smaller heat flux is caused by a narrower radial extent of the collapse of the temperature pedestal. The different radial extent between type I ELMs and grassy ELMs agrees qualitatively with the different radial distribution of the eigenfunctions as determined from ideal MHD stability analysis. The dominant ELM energy loss for grassy ELMs appears to be caused by temperature reduction, and its ratio to the pedestal stored energy was 0.4-1%. This ratio is lower by a factor of about 10 than that for type I ELMs, which typically have between 2-10% fractional loss of the pedestal energy. A systematic study of the effects of counter (CTR) plasma rotation on the ELM characteristics has been performed using a combination of tangential and perpendicular neutral beam injections (NBIs) in JT-60U. In the high plasma triangularity (δ) regime, ELM characteristics (e.g. amplitude, frequency and type) can be changed from type I ELMs to high frequency grassy ELMs as the CTR plasma rotation is increased. On the other hand, in the low δ regime, complete ELM suppression (QH-mode) can be sustained for long periods up to 3.4 s (~18τE or energy confinement times), when the plasma position in terms of the clearance between the first wall and the plasma separatrix is optimized during the application of CTR-NBIs. In JT-60U, a transient QH phase was also observed during the CO-NBI phase with almost no net toroidal rotation at the plasma edge.

  20. Some comparisons of the flyover noise characteristics of DC-9 aircraft having refanned and hardwalled JT8D engines, with special reference to measurement and analysis procedures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hosier, R. N.

    1976-01-01

    Flyover noise measurements were made (using Federal Aviation Regulations, part 36 procedures) of two DC-9 aircraft, one equipped with refanned JT8D-109 engines and the other equipped with hardwalled JT8D-9 engines. NASA analyses show a refan centerline noise reduction of about 9.1 EPNdB and 10.0 EPNdB for takeoff with cutback and 50 deg. flap landing approach, respectively. A comparison of refan and hardwall PNLTM spectra shows that the refan noise reduction may be attributed to lower jet noise levels on takeoff and reduced high-frequency tonal content on landing approach. A general description of the test procedures and results are included along with detailed descriptions of the measurement and analysis systems.

  1. Beamlet deflection due to beamlet-beamlet interaction in a large-area multiaperture negative ion source for JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Kamada, M.; Hanada, M.; Ikeda, Y.; Grisham, L. R.; Jiang, W.

    2008-02-15

    The JT-60U negative ion source has been designed to produce high current beams of 22 A through grids of 1080 apertures (five segments with nine rows of 24 apertures). One of the key issues is to steer such a high current beam through the multiaperture grids in order to focus the overall beam envelope because the beamlet-beamlet interaction may deflect the outer beamlets outward due to unbalanced space charge repulsion. To clarify the beam deflection in the JT-60U negative ion source, the beamlet trajectory in a multiaperture ion source was calculated by a three-dimensional simulation code. The measured angles of the outmost beamlets were in agreement with the calculated results where space charge of the beamlets was taken into account. It is noticed that the deflection of the outermost beamlet due to the beamlet-beamlet interaction is saturated at 5.2 mrad outward for beamlets more than ten.

  2. 75 FR 50942 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7, -7A, -7B, -9, -9A, -11, -15, -15A, -17, -17A...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... JT8D-7, -7A, -7B, -9, - 9A, -11, -15, -15A, -17, -17A, -17R, and -17AR Series Turbofan Engines AGENCY..., -1A, -1B, -7, -7A, -7B, -9, -9A, -11, -15, -15A, -17, -17A, -17R, and -17AR series turbofan engines. That AD currently requires revisions to the engine manufacturer's time limits section (TLS) to...

  3. Relationship between composition of mixture charged and that in circulation in an auto refrigerant cascade and a J-T refrigerator operating in liquid refrigerant supply mode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sreenivas, Bura; Nayak, H. Gurudath; Venkatarathnam, G.

    2017-01-01

    The composition of the refrigerant mixture in circulation during steady state operation of J-T and allied refrigerators is not the same as that charged due to liquid hold up in the heat exchangers and phase separators, as well as the differential solubility of different refrigerant components in the compressor lubricating oil. The performance of refrigerators/liquefiers operating on mixed refrigerant cycles is dependent on the mixture composition. It is therefore important to charge the right mixture that results in an optimum composition in circulation during steady state operation. The relationship between the charged and circulating composition has been experimentally studied in a J-T refrigerator operating in the liquid refrigerant supply (LRS) mode and an auto refrigerant cascade refrigerator (with a phase separator) operating in the gas refrigerant supply (GRS) mode. The results of the study are presented in this work. The results show that the method presented earlier for J-T refrigerators operating in GRS mode is also applicable in the case of refrigerators studied in this work.

  4. Titanium honeycomb acoustic lining structural and thermal test report. [for acoustic tailpipe for JT8D engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Joynes, D.; Balut, J. P.

    1974-01-01

    The results are presented of static, fatigue and thermal testing of titanium honeycomb acoustic panels representing the acoustic tailpipe for the Pratt and Whitney Aircraft JT8D Refan engine which is being studied for use on the Boeing 727-200 airplane. Test specimens represented the engine and tailpipe flange joints, the rail to which the thrust reverser is attached and shear specimens of the tailpipe honeycomb. Specimens were made in four different batches with variations in configuration, materials and processes in each. Static strength of all test specimens exceeded the design ultimate load requirements. Fatigue test results confirmed that aluminum brazed titanium, as used in the Refan tailpipe design, meets the fatigue durability objectives. Quality of welding was found to be critical to life, with substandard welding failing prematurely, whereas welding within the process specification exceeded the panel skin life. Initial fatigue testing used short grip length bolts which failed prematurely. These were replaced with longer bolts and subsequent testing demonstrated the required life. Thermal tests indicate that perforated skin acoustic honeycomb has approximately twice the heat transfer of solid skin honeycomb.

  5. Large-scale pharmacogenomic study of sulfonylureas and the QT, JT and QRS intervals: CHARGE Pharmacogenomics Working Group.

    PubMed

    Floyd, J S; Sitlani, C M; Avery, C L; Noordam, R; Li, X; Smith, A V; Gogarten, S M; Li, J; Broer, L; Evans, D S; Trompet, S; Brody, J A; Stewart, J D; Eicher, J D; Seyerle, A A; Roach, J; Lange, L A; Lin, H J; Kors, J A; Harris, T B; Li-Gao, R; Sattar, N; Cummings, S R; Wiggins, K L; Napier, M D; Stürmer, T; Bis, J C; Kerr, K F; Uitterlinden, A G; Taylor, K D; Stott, D J; de Mutsert, R; Launer, L J; Busch, E L; Méndez-Giráldez, R; Sotoodehnia, N; Soliman, E Z; Li, Y; Duan, Q; Rosendaal, F R; Slagboom, P E; Wilhelmsen, K C; Reiner, A P; Chen, Y-DI; Heckbert, S R; Kaplan, R C; Rice, K M; Jukema, J W; Johnson, A D; Liu, Y; Mook-Kanamori, D O; Gudnason, V; Wilson, J G; Rotter, J I; Laurie, C C; Psaty, B M; Whitsel, E A; Cupples, L A; Stricker, B H

    2016-12-13

    Sulfonylureas, a commonly used class of medication used to treat type 2 diabetes, have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Their effects on QT interval duration and related electrocardiographic phenotypes are potential mechanisms for this adverse effect. In 11 ethnically diverse cohorts that included 71 857 European, African-American and Hispanic/Latino ancestry individuals with repeated measures of medication use and electrocardiogram (ECG) measurements, we conducted a pharmacogenomic genome-wide association study of sulfonylurea use and three ECG phenotypes: QT, JT and QRS intervals. In ancestry-specific meta-analyses, eight novel pharmacogenomic loci met the threshold for genome-wide significance (P<5 × 10(-8)), and a pharmacokinetic variant in CYP2C9 (rs1057910) that has been associated with sulfonylurea-related treatment effects and other adverse drug reactions in previous studies was replicated. Additional research is needed to replicate the novel findings and to understand their biological basis.The Pharmacogenomics Journal advance online publication, 13 December 2016; doi:10.1038/tpj.2016.90.

  6. Surface discharge related properties of fiberglass reinforced plastic insulator for use in neutral beam injector of JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Yamano, Y.; Takahashi, M.; Kobayashi, S.; Hanada, M.; Ikeda, Y.

    2008-02-15

    Neutral beam injection (NBI) used for JT-60U is required to generate negative ions of 500 keV energies. To produce such high-energy ions, three-stage electrostatic accelerators consisting of three insulator rings made of fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) are applied. The surface discharges along FRP insulators are one of the most serious problems in the development of NBI. To increase the hold-off voltage against surface flashover events, it is necessary to investigate the FRP insulator properties related to surface discharges in vacuum. This paper describes surface flashover characteristics for FRP and alumina samples under vacuum condition. The results show that the fold-off voltages for FRP samples are inferior to those of alumina ceramics. In addition, measurement results of surface resistivity and volume resistivity under vacuum and atmospheric conditions, secondary electron emission characteristics, and cathodoluminescence under some keV electron beam irradiation are also reported. These are important parameters to analyze surface discharge of insulators in vacuum.

  7. A CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase purified from a marine bacterium, Photobacterium leiognathi JT-SHIZ-145.

    PubMed

    Kajiwara, Hitomi; Mine, Toshiki; Miyazaki, Tatsuo; Yamamoto, Takeshi

    2011-01-01

    A cytidine 5'-monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid (CMP-Neu5Ac) synthetase was found in a crude extract prepared from Photobacterium leiognathi JT-SHIZ-145, a marine bacterium that also produces a β-galactoside α2,6-sialyltransferase. The CMP-Neu5Ac synthetase was purified from the crude extract of the cells by a combination of anion-exchange and gel filtration column chromatography. The purified enzyme migrated as a single band (60 kDa) on sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The activity of the enzyme was maximal at 35 °C at pH 9.0, and the synthetase required Mg(2+) for activity. Although these properties are similar to those of other CMP-Neu5Ac synthetases isolated from bacteria, this synthetase produced not only CMP-Neu5Ac from cytidine triphosphate and Neu5Ac, but also CMP-N-glycolylneuraminic acid from cytidine triphosphate and N-glycolylneuraminic acid, unlike CMP-Neu5Ac synthetase purified from Escherichia coli.

  8. Optical designs of reflection and refraction collection optics for a JT-60SA core Thomson scattering system.

    PubMed

    Tojo, H; Hatae, T; Hamano, T; Sakuma, T; Itami, K

    2013-09-01

    Collection optics for core measurements in a JT-60SA Thomson scattering system were designed. The collection optics will be installed in a limited space and have a wide field of view and wide wavelength range. Two types of the optics are therefore suggested: refraction and reflection types. The reflection system, with a large primary mirror, avoids large chromatic aberrations. Because the size limit of the primary mirror and vignetting due to the secondary mirror affect the total collection throughput, conditions that provide the high throughput are found through an optimization. A refraction system with four lenses forming an Ernostar system is also employed. The use of high-refractive-index glass materials enhances the freedom of the lens curvatures, resulting in suppression of the spherical and coma aberration. Moreover, sufficient throughput can be achieved, even with smaller lenses than that of a previous design given in [H. Tojo, T. Hatae, T. Sakuma, T. Hamano, K. Itami, Y. Aida, S. Suitoh, and D. Fujie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 10D539 (2010)]. The optical resolutions of the reflection and refraction systems are both sufficient for understanding the spatial structures in plasma. In particular, the spot sizes at the image of the optics are evaluated as ~0.3 mm and ~0.4 mm, respectively. The throughput for the two systems, including the pupil size and transmissivity, are also compared. The results show that good measurement accuracy (<10%) even at high electron temperatures (<30 keV) can be expected in the refraction system.

  9. Optical designs of reflection and refraction collection optics for a JT-60SA core Thomson scattering system

    SciTech Connect

    Tojo, H.; Hatae, T.; Hamano, T.; Sakuma, T.; Itami, K.

    2013-09-15

    Collection optics for core measurements in a JT-60SA Thomson scattering system were designed. The collection optics will be installed in a limited space and have a wide field of view and wide wavelength range. Two types of the optics are therefore suggested: refraction and reflection types. The reflection system, with a large primary mirror, avoids large chromatic aberrations. Because the size limit of the primary mirror and vignetting due to the secondary mirror affect the total collection throughput, conditions that provide the high throughput are found through an optimization. A refraction system with four lenses forming an Ernostar system is also employed. The use of high-refractive-index glass materials enhances the freedom of the lens curvatures, resulting in suppression of the spherical and coma aberration. Moreover, sufficient throughput can be achieved, even with smaller lenses than that of a previous design given in [H. Tojo, T. Hatae, T. Sakuma, T. Hamano, K. Itami, Y. Aida, S. Suitoh, and D. Fujie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 10D539 (2010)]. The optical resolutions of the reflection and refraction systems are both sufficient for understanding the spatial structures in plasma. In particular, the spot sizes at the image of the optics are evaluated as ∼0.3 mm and ∼0.4 mm, respectively. The throughput for the two systems, including the pupil size and transmissivity, are also compared. The results show that good measurement accuracy (<10%) even at high electron temperatures (<30 keV) can be expected in the refraction system.

  10. Self-consistent long-time simulation of chirping and beating energetic particle modes in JT-60U plasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bierwage, A.; Shinohara, K.; Todo, Y.; Aiba, N.; Ishikawa, M.; Matsunaga, G.; Takechi, M.; Yagi, M.

    2017-01-01

    Recurring bursts of chirping Alfvén modes that were observed in JT-60U tokamak plasmas driven by negative-ion-based neutral beams (N-NB) are reproduced in first-principle simulations performed with an extended version of the hybrid code MEGA. This code simulates the interactions between gyrokinetic fast ions and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes in the presence of a realistic fast ion source and collisions, so that it self-consistently captures dynamics across a wide range of time scales (0.01-100 ms). The simulation confirms that the experimentally observed phenomena known as ‘fast frequency sweeping (fast FS) modes’ are caused by bursts of energetic particle modes (EPM) with dominant toroidal mode number n  =  1. On the long time scale (1-10 ms), the simulation reproduces the chirping range (40-60 kHz), the burst duration (few ms) and intervals (5-10 ms). On the short time scale (0.01-0.1 ms), it reproduces pulsations and phase jumps, which we interpret as the result of beating between multiple resonant wave packets. Having reproduced at multiple levels of detail the dynamics of low-amplitude long-wavelength Alfvén modes driven by N-NB ions, the next goal is to reproduce and explain abrupt large-amplitude events (ALE) that were seen in the same experiments at longer time intervals (10-100 ms).

  11. Long-pulse production of high current negative ion beam by using actively temperature controlled plasma grid for JT-60SA negative ion source

    SciTech Connect

    Kojima, A.; Hanada, M.; Yoshida, M.; Umeda, N.; Hiratsuka, J.; Kashiwagi, M.; Tobari, H.; Watanabe, K.; Grisham, L. R.

    2015-04-08

    The temperature control system of the large-size plasma grid has been developed to realize the long pulse production of high-current negative ions for JT-60SA. By using this prototype system for the JT-60SA ion source, 15 A negative ions has been sustained for 100 s for the first time, which is three times longer than that obtained in JT-60U. In this system, a high-temperature fluorinated fluid with a high boiling point of 270 degree Celsius is circulated in the cooling channels of the plasma grids (PG) where a cesium (Cs) coverage is formed to enhance the negative ion production. Because the PG temperature control had been applied to only 10% of the extraction area previously, the prototype PG with the full extraction area (110 cm × 45 cm) was developed to increase the negative ion current in this time. In the preliminary results of long pulse productions of high-current negative ions at a Cs conditioning phase, the negative ion production was gradually degraded in the last half of 100 s pulse where the temperature of an arc chamber wall was not saturated. From the spectroscopic measurements, it was found that the Cs flux released from the wall might affect to the negative ion production, which implied the wall temperature should be kept low to control the Cs flux to the PG for the long-pulse high-current production. The obtained results of long-pulse production and the PG temperature control method contributes the design of the ITER ion source.

  12. Characteristics of confinement and fusion reactivity in JT-60U high-{beta}{rho} and TFTR supershot regimes with deuterium neutral beam injection

    SciTech Connect

    Park, H.K.; Bell, M.G.; Yamada, M.

    1995-03-01

    The high performance regimes achieved in JT-60U and TFTR have produced peak DD fusion neutron rates up to 5.6 {times} 10{sup 16}/s for similar heating beam powers, in spite of considerable differences in machine operation and plasma configuration. A common scaling for the DD fusion neutron rate (S{sub DD} {proportional_to} P{sub abs}{sup 2.0} H{sub ne} V{sub p}{sup {minus}0.9}) is obtained, where P{sub abs} and H{sub ne} are the absorbed beam power and beam fueling peaking factor, respectively, and V{sub p} is the plasma volume. The maximum stored energy obtained in each machine has been up to 5.4 MJ in TFTR and 8.7 MJ in JT-60U. Further improvements in the fusion neutron rate and the stored energy are limited by the {beta}-limit in Troyon range, {beta}{sub N} {approximately} 2.0--2.5. A common scaling for the stored energy (W{sub tot} {proportional_to} P{sub abs}V{sub p}H{sub ne}{sup 0.2}) is also proposed.

  13. Numerical investigation of transient behaviour of the recuperative heat exchanger in a MR J-T cryocooler using different heat transfer correlations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damle, R. M.; Ardhapurkar, P. M.; Atrey, M. D.

    2016-12-01

    In J-T cryocoolers operating with mixed refrigerants (nitrogen-hydrocarbons), the recuperative heat exchange takes place under two-phase conditions. Simultaneous boiling of the low pressure stream and condensation of the high pressure stream results in higher heat transfer coefficients. The mixture composition, operating conditions and the heat exchanger design are crucial for obtaining the required cryogenic temperature. In this work, a one-dimensional transient algorithm is developed for the simulation of the two-phase heat transfer in the recuperative heat exchanger of a mixed refrigerant J-T cryocooler. Modified correlation is used for flow boiling of the high pressure fluid while different condensation correlations are employed with and without the correction for the low pressure fluid. Simulations are carried out for different mixture compositions and numerical predictions are compared with the experimental data. The overall heat transfer is predicted reasonably well and the qualitative trends of the temperature profiles are also captured by the developed numerical model.

  14. Design and development of a four-cell sorption compressor based J-T cooler using R134a as working fluid

    SciTech Connect

    Mehta, R. N.; Bapat, S. L.; Atrey, M. D.

    2014-01-29

    The need of a cooler with no electromagnetic interference and practically zero vibration has led to sorption compressor based Joule-Thomson (J-T) coolers. These are useful for sophisticated electronic, ground based and space borne systems. In a Sorption compressor, adsorbed gases are desorbed into a confined volume by raising temperature of the sorption bed resulting in an increase in pressure of the liberated gas. In order to have the system (compressor) functioning on a continuous basis, with almost a constant gas flow rate, multiple cells are used with the adaptation of Temperature Swing Adsorption (TSA) process. As the mass of the desorbed gas dictates the compressor throughput, a combination of sorbent material with high adsorption capacity for a chosen gas or gas mixture has to be selected for efficient operation of the compressor. Commercially available (coconut-shell base) activated carbon has been selected for the present application. The characterization study for variation of discharge pressure is used to design the Four-cell sorption compressor based cryocooler with a desired output. Apart from compressor, the system includes a) After cooler b) Return gas heat exchanger c) capillary tube as the J-T expansion device and d) Evaporator.

  15. Design and development of a four-cell sorption compressor based J-T cooler using R134a as working fluid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mehta, R. N.; Bapat, S. L.; Atrey, M. D.

    2014-01-01

    The need of a cooler with no electromagnetic interference and practically zero vibration has led to sorption compressor based Joule-Thomson (J-T) coolers. These are useful for sophisticated electronic, ground based and space borne systems. In a Sorption compressor, adsorbed gases are desorbed into a confined volume by raising temperature of the sorption bed resulting in an increase in pressure of the liberated gas. In order to have the system (compressor) functioning on a continuous basis, with almost a constant gas flow rate, multiple cells are used with the adaptation of Temperature Swing Adsorption (TSA) process. As the mass of the desorbed gas dictates the compressor throughput, a combination of sorbent material with high adsorption capacity for a chosen gas or gas mixture has to be selected for efficient operation of the compressor. Commercially available (coconut-shell base) activated carbon has been selected for the present application. The characterization study for variation of discharge pressure is used to design the Four-cell sorption compressor based cryocooler with a desired output. Apart from compressor, the system includes a) After cooler b) Return gas heat exchanger c) capillary tube as the J-T expansion device and d) Evaporator.

  16. Temporal and spatial responses of temperature, density and rotation to electron cyclotron heating in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshida, M.; Ide, S.; Takenaga, H.; Honda, M.; Urano, H.; Kobayashi, T.; Nakata, M.; Miyato, N.; Kamada, Y.

    2013-08-01

    The temporal and spatial responses of electron channels (the electron density, ne, and the electron temperature, Te) and ion channels (the ion temperature, Ti, and the toroidal rotation velocity, Vφ) to central electron cyclotron heating (ECH) have been investigated in positive shear H-mode plasmas with a relatively peaked Ti profile and internal transport barrier (ITB) plasmas on JT-60U. Ion temperature decreases with ECH after the increase in the electron temperature in the core region. The time scale of the change in Ti is ≈30-60 ms in H-mode plasmas and almost constant in radius. In ITB plasmas, the time scale is shorter around the ITB foot and becomes longer inside the ITB foot. The experimentally measured causality indicates that the decrease in Ti is consistent with the ion temperature gradient critical gradient reduction. This is also verified through a comparison with linear gyrokinetic stability analyses. The electron heat diffusivity increases with ECH in both H-mode and ITB plasmas, correlating to the increase in the ion heat diffusivity. Electron density with a relatively flat ne profile does not decrease with ECH. On the other hand, the electron density with a peaked ne profile decreases with ECH. The flattening of the ne profile is observed after the increase in the electron temperature in the core region. The time scale of the change in ne is about 200-350 ms. Linear gyrokinetic stability analyses imply that the growth rate of the trapped electron modes, which increase outward particle flux, becomes more pronounced during ECH. The counter intrinsic rotation with ECH is identified on H-mode plasmas with a small torque input (BAL-NBI). The counter intrinsic rotation is generated after the increase in the electron temperature and correlates to the change in the electron temperature with ECH around the EC deposition. The radial region where the counter intrinsic rotation is observed is wider than the radial region where the electron temperature

  17. Improvement of uniformity of the negative ion beams by tent-shaped magnetic field in the JT-60 negative ion source

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Grisham, Larry R.; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Nemoto, Shuji; Ohzeki, Masahiro; Seki, Norikazu; Sasaki, Shunichi; Shimizu, Tatsuo; Terunuma, Yuto

    2014-02-01

    Non-uniformity of the negative ion beams in the JT-60 negative ion source with the world-largest ion extraction area was improved by modifying the magnetic filter in the source from the plasma grid (PG) filter to a tent-shaped filter. The magnetic design via electron trajectory calculation showed that the tent-shaped filter was expected to suppress the localization of the primary electrons emitted from the filaments and created uniform plasma with positive ions and atoms of the parent particles for the negative ions. By modifying the magnetic filter to the tent-shaped filter, the uniformity defined as the deviation from the averaged beam intensity was reduced from 14% of the PG filter to ˜10% without a reduction of the negative ion production.

  18. Effect of resistivity profile on current decay time of initial phase of current quench in neon-gas-puff inducing disruptions of JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Kawakami, S.; Ohno, N.; Shibata, Y.; Isayama, A.; Kawano, Y.; Watanabe, K. Y.; Takizuka, T.; Okamoto, M.

    2013-11-15

    According to an early work [Y. Shibata et al., Nucl. Fusion 50, 025015 (2010)] on the behavior of the plasma current decay in the JT-60U disruptive discharges caused by the radiative collapse with a massive neon-gas-puff, the increase of the internal inductance mainly determined the current decay time of plasma current during the initial phase of current quench. To investigate what determines the increase of the internal inductance, we focus attention on the relationship between the electron temperature (or the resistivity) profile and the time evolution of the current density profile and carry out numerical calculations. As a result, we find the reason of the increase of the internal inductance: The current density profile at the start of the current quench is broader than an expected current density profile in the steady state, which is determined by the temperature (or resistivity) profile. The current density profile evolves into peaked one and the internal inductance is increasing.

  19. Improvement of uniformity of the negative ion beams by tent-shaped magnetic field in the JT-60 negative ion source

    SciTech Connect

    Yoshida, Masafumi Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Nemoto, Shuji; Ohzeki, Masahiro; Seki, Norikazu; Sasaki, Shunichi; Shimizu, Tatsuo; Terunuma, Yuto; Grisham, Larry R.

    2014-02-15

    Non-uniformity of the negative ion beams in the JT-60 negative ion source with the world-largest ion extraction area was improved by modifying the magnetic filter in the source from the plasma grid (PG) filter to a tent-shaped filter. The magnetic design via electron trajectory calculation showed that the tent-shaped filter was expected to suppress the localization of the primary electrons emitted from the filaments and created uniform plasma with positive ions and atoms of the parent particles for the negative ions. By modifying the magnetic filter to the tent-shaped filter, the uniformity defined as the deviation from the averaged beam intensity was reduced from 14% of the PG filter to ∼10% without a reduction of the negative ion production.

  20. Improvement of uniformity of the negative ion beams by tent-shaped magnetic field in the JT-60 negative ion source.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Grisham, Larry R; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Nemoto, Shuji; Ohzeki, Masahiro; Seki, Norikazu; Sasaki, Shunichi; Shimizu, Tatsuo; Terunuma, Yuto

    2014-02-01

    Non-uniformity of the negative ion beams in the JT-60 negative ion source with the world-largest ion extraction area was improved by modifying the magnetic filter in the source from the plasma grid (PG) filter to a tent-shaped filter. The magnetic design via electron trajectory calculation showed that the tent-shaped filter was expected to suppress the localization of the primary electrons emitted from the filaments and created uniform plasma with positive ions and atoms of the parent particles for the negative ions. By modifying the magnetic filter to the tent-shaped filter, the uniformity defined as the deviation from the averaged beam intensity was reduced from 14% of the PG filter to ∼10% without a reduction of the negative ion production.

  1. DC-9/JT8D refan, Phase 1. [technical and economic feasibility of retrofitting DC-9 aircraft with refan engine to achieve desired acoustic levels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    Analyses and design studies were conducted on the technical and economic feasibility of installing the JT8D-109 refan engine on the DC-9 aircraft. Design criteria included minimum change to the airframe to achieve desired acoustic levels. Several acoustic configurations were studied with two selected for detailed investigations. The minimum selected acoustic treatment configuration results in an estimated aircraft weight increase of 608 kg (1,342 lb) and the maximum selected acoustic treatment configuration results in an estimated aircraft weight increase of 809 kg (1,784 lb). The range loss for the minimum and maximum selected acoustic treatment configurations based on long range cruise at 10 668 m (35,000 ft) altitude with a typical payload of 6 804 kg (15,000 lb) amounts to 54 km (86 n. mi.) respectively. Estimated reduction in EPNL's for minimum selected treatment show 8 EPNdB at approach, 12 EPNdB for takeoff with power cutback, 15 EPNdB for takeoff without power cutback and 12 EPNdB for sideline using FAR Part 36. Little difference was estimated in EPNL between minimum and maximum treatments due to reduced performance of maximum treatment. No major technical problems were encountered in the study. The refan concept for the DC-9 appears technically feasible and economically viable at approximately $1,000,000 per airplane. An additional study of the installation of JT3D-9 refan engine on the DC-8-50/61 and DC-8-62/63 aircraft is included. Three levels of acoustic treatment were suggested for DC-8-50/61 and two levels for DC-8-62/63. Results indicate the DC-8 technically can be retrofitted with refan engines for approximately $2,500,000 per airplane.

  2. Off-axis Fishbone-like Instability and Excitation of the Resistive Wall Mode (RWM) in JT-60U and DIII-D Devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okabayashi, M.

    2010-11-01

    Advanced tokamak experiments in JT-60U [1] and DIII-D [2] have revealed that in high-beta q(0)>1 plasmas, where the resistive wall modes (RWMs) are predicted to be stable by kinetic effects of energetic particles, plasma rotation and a nearby conducting wall, off-axis fishbone-like instabilities often trigger RWMs. The rapid growth of these RWMs prevents high performance operation. The off-axis fishbone-like instability has some similarities to the classic m/n=1/1 internal fishbone instability in terms of its initial frequency near the energetic ion precession frequency, downward frequency-chirping, and a neutron rate drop of ˜20% during each burst. However, there are several unique non-ideal-MHD features in the off-axis fishbone-like instability. The waveform time behavior has strong non-sinusoidal distortion from the q˜2 area to the edge, synchronized with bursting energetic particle losses, while the plasma rotation is rapidly reduced within a few milliseconds. Based on experimental observations the following hypothesis emerges. In plasmas where rotation and kinetic effects are usually sufficient to stabilize the RWM, energetic particles can drive the fishbone instability of several kHz (larger than the inverse of the resistive wall time constant). The reduction of kinetic stabilization due to the resulting energetic particle loss and rapid decrease of plasma rotation makes the plasma more vulnerable to the near-zero frequency RWM. The impact on RWM stability by the off-axis fishbone with its radial and toroidal distortion of the mode structure is assessed by comparing the JT-60U/DIII-D results with theoretical predictions. 6pt [1] G. Matsunaga et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 045001. (2009). [2] M. Okabayashi et al., Nucl. Fusion 49 (2009) 125003.

  3. Off-axis fishbone-like instability and excitation of resistive wall modes in JT-60U and DIII-D

    SciTech Connect

    Okabayashi, M.; Solomon, W. M.; Budny, R. V.; Manickam, J.; Matsunaga, G.; Takechi, M.; Asakura, N.; Shinohara, K.; Grassie, J. S. de; Strait, E. J.; Jackson, G. L.; La Haye, R. J.; Heidbrink, W. W.; Zhu, Y. B.; In, Y.; Liu, Y. Q.

    2011-05-15

    An energetic-particle (EP)-driven ''off-axis-fishbone-like mode (OFM)'' often triggers a resistive wall mode (RWM) in JT-60U and DIII-D devices, preventing long-duration high-{beta}{sub N} discharges. In these experiments, the EPs are energetic ions (70-85 keV) injected by neutral beams to produce high-pressure plasmas. EP-driven bursting events reduce the EP density and the plasma rotation simultaneously. These changes are significant in high-{beta}{sub N} low-rotation plasmas, where the RWM stability is predicted to be strongly influenced by the EP precession drift resonance and by the plasma rotation near the q=2 surface (kinetic effects). Analysis of these effects on stability with a self-consistent perturbation to the mode structure using the MARS-K code showed that the impact of EP losses and rotation drop is sufficient to destabilize the RWM in low-rotation plasmas, when the plasma rotation normalized by Alfven frequency is only a few tenths of a percent near the q=2 surface. The OFM characteristics are very similar in JT-60U and DIII-D, including nonlinear mode evolution. The modes grow initially like a classical fishbone, and then the mode structure becomes strongly distorted. The dynamic response of the OFM to an applied n=1 external field indicates that the mode retains its external kink character. These comparative studies suggest that an energetic particle-driven 'off-axis-fishbone-like mode' is a new EP-driven branch of the external kink mode in wall-stabilized plasmas, analogous to the relationship of the classical fishbone branch to the internal kink mode.

  4. Off-axis fishbone-like instability and excitation of resistive wall modes in JT-60U and DIII-Da)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okabayashi, M.; Matsunaga, G.; deGrassie, J. S.; Heidbrink, W. W.; In, Y.; Liu, Y. Q.; Reimerdes, H.; Solomon, W. M.; Strait, E. J.; Takechi, M.; Asakura, N.; Budny, R. V.; Jackson, G. L.; Hanson, J. M.; La Haye, R. J.; Lanctot, M. J.; Manickam, J.; Shinohara, K.; Zhu, Y. B.

    2011-05-01

    An energetic-particle (EP)-driven "off-axis-fishbone-like mode (OFM)" often triggers a resistive wall mode (RWM) in JT-60U and DIII-D devices, preventing long-duration high-βN discharges. In these experiments, the EPs are energetic ions (70-85 keV) injected by neutral beams to produce high-pressure plasmas. EP-driven bursting events reduce the EP density and the plasma rotation simultaneously. These changes are significant in high-βN low-rotation plasmas, where the RWM stability is predicted to be strongly influenced by the EP precession drift resonance and by the plasma rotation near the q =2 surface (kinetic effects). Analysis of these effects on stability with a self-consistent perturbation to the mode structure using the MARS-K code showed that the impact of EP losses and rotation drop is sufficient to destabilize the RWM in low-rotation plasmas, when the plasma rotation normalized by Alfvén frequency is only a few tenths of a percent near the q =2 surface. The OFM characteristics are very similar in JT-60U and DIII-D, including nonlinear mode evolution. The modes grow initially like a classical fishbone, and then the mode structure becomes strongly distorted. The dynamic response of the OFM to an applied n =1 external field indicates that the mode retains its external kink character. These comparative studies suggest that an energetic particle-driven "off-axis-fishbone-like mode" is a new EP-driven branch of the external kink mode in wall-stabilized plasmas, analogous to the relationship of the classical fishbone branch to the internal kink mode.

  5. Flight effects on noise by the JT8D engine with inverted primary/fan flow as measured in the NASA-Ames 40 by 80 foot wind tunnel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Strout, F. G.

    1978-01-01

    A JT8D-17R engine with inverted primary and fan flows was tested under static conditions as well as in the NASA Ames 40 by 80 Foot Wind Tunnel to determine static and flight noise characteristics, and flow profile of a large scale engine. Test and analysis techniques developed by a previous model and JT8D engine test program were used to determine the in-flight noise. The engine with inverted flow was tested with a conical nozzle and with a plug nozzle, 20 lobe nozzle, and an acoustic shield. Wind tunnel results show that forward velocity causes significant reduction in peak PNL suppression relative to uninverted flow. The loss of EPNL suppression is relatively modest. The in-flight peak PNL suppression of the inverter with conical nozzle was 2.5 PNdb relative to a static value of 5.5 PNdb. The corresponding EPNL suppression was 4.0 EPNdb for flight and 5.0 EPNdb for static operation. The highest in-flight EPNL suppression was 7.5 EPNdb obtained by the inverter with 20 lobe nozzle and acoustic shield. When compared with the JT8D engine with internal mixer, the inverted flow configuration provides more EPNL suppression under both static and flight conditions.

  6. Fast reciprocating probe system for local scrape-off layer measurements in front of the lower hybrid launcher on JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asakura, N.; Tsuji-Iio, S.; Ikeda, Y.; Neyatani, Y.; Seki, M.

    1995-12-01

    A fast reciprocating probe system with a long drive shaft was incorporated into a multi-junction lower hybrid (LH) wave launcher on JT-60U in order to investigate an improved coupling mechanism of the radio frequency wave to the core plasma. The system has been operated reliably over a horizontal scan of 25 cm in 1.5 s using a compact pneumatic cylinder drive and springs. A double probe measurement provided the scrape-off layer plasma profile between the last closed flux surface and the first wall with the spatial resolution of 1-2 mm measured with a laser displacement gauge. The profiles of the electron density ne and temperature Te were in good agreement with those obtained with a triple probe method. During the LH wave injection with good coupling to the core plasma, an increase in the local Te was observed in front of the LH launcher mouth. The local ne was (7-10)×1016 m-3, consistent values needed for the good coupling.

  7. Fast reciprocating probe system for local scrape-off layer measurements in front of the lower hybrid launcher on JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Asakura, N.; Tsuji-Iio, S.; Ikeda, Y.; Neyatani, Y.; Seki, M.

    1995-12-01

    A fast reciprocating probe system with a long drive shaft was incorporated into a multi-junction lower hybrid (LH) wave launcher on JT-60U in order to investigate an improved coupling mechanism of the radio frequency wave to the core plasma. The system has been operated reliably over a horizontal scan of 25 cm in 1.5 s using a compact pneumatic cylinder drive and springs. A double probe measurement provided the scrape-off layer plasma profile between the last closed flux surface and the first wall with the spatial resolution of 1{minus}2 mm measured with a laser displacement gauge. The profiles of the electron density {ital n}{sub {ital e}} and temperature {ital T}{sub {ital e}} were in good agreement with those obtained with a triple probe method. During the LH wave injection with good coupling to the core plasma, an increase in the local {ital T}{sub {ital e}} was observed in front of the LH launcher mouth. The local {ital n}{sub {ital e}} was (7{minus}10){times}10{sup 16} m{sup {minus}3}, consistent values needed for the good coupling. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

  8. Phase 2 program on ground test of refanned JT8D turbofan engines and nacelles for the 727 airplane. Volume 4: Airplane evaluation and analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The retrofit of JT8D-109 (refan) engines are evaluated on a 727-200 airplane in terms of airworthiness, performance, and noise. Design of certifiable hardware, manufacture, and ground testing of the essential nacelle components is included along with analysis of the certifiable airplane design to ensure airworthiness compliance and to predict the in-flight performance and noise characteristics of the modified airplane. The analyses confirm that the 727 refan airplane is certifiable. The refan airplane range would be 15% less that of the baseline airplane and block fuel would be increased by 1.5% to 3%. However, with this particular 727-200 model, with a brake release gross weight of 172,500 lb (78,245 kg), it is possible to operate the airplane (with minor structural modifications) at higher gross weights and increase the range up to 15% over the 727-200 (baseline) airplane. The refan airplane FAR Part 36 noise levels would be 6 to 8 EPNdB (effective perceived noise in decibels) below the baseline. Noise footprint studies showed that approach noise contour areas are small compared to takeoff areas. The 727 refan realizes a 68% to 83% reduction in annoyance-weighted area when compared to the 727-200 over a range of gross weights and operational procedures.

  9. Statistical analysis of fluctuation characteristics at high- and low-field sides in L-mode SOL plasmas of JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanaka, H.; Ohno, N.; Asakura, N.; Tsuji, Y.; Kawashima, H.; Takamura, S.; Uesugi, Y.; JT-60U Team

    2009-06-01

    For the first time, fluctuation characteristics at the high-field side (HFS) and low-field side (LFS) scrape-off-layers (SOLs) in L-mode plasmas of the JT-60U tokamak are compared in detail; the plasma transport is studied using reciprocating Langmuir probes. A statistical analysis based on probability density functions (PDFs) is employed to describe intermittent (nondiffusive) transport in SOL plasma fluctuations. It is found that positive bursty events associated with blobby plasma transport appear frequently at the LFS midplane. Further, the PDF at the LFS midplane is strongly positively skewed, while the PDF at the HFS SOL is close to a Gaussian distribution. The conventional conditional averaging method is improved by using the variable-interval time-averaging method along with it, which enables the precise reconstruction of the burst profile exhibiting a rapid increase and a slow decay. The radial evolution of plasma blobs is analysed by using an autocorrelation function, the short-time Fourier transform and wavelet analysis.

  10. Self-consistent long-time simulation of chirping energetic particle modes and abrupt large events in beam-driven JT-60U tokamak plasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bierwage, A.; Shinohara, K.; Todo, Y.; Aiba, N.; Ishikawa, M.; Matsunaga, G.; Takechi, M.; Yagi, M.

    2016-10-01

    Recurring bursts of chirping Alfvén modes as well as so-called Abrupt Large Events (ALE) that were observed in JT-60U tokamak plasmas driven by negative-ion-based neutral beams (N-NB) are reproduced in first-principle simulations performed with an extended version of the hybrid code MEGA. This code simulates the interactions between gyrokinetic fast ions and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes in the presence of a realistic fast ion source and collisions, so that it self-consistently captures dynamics across a wide range of time scales (0.01-100 ms). Detailed comparisons with experimental measurements are performed. On the long time scale (10-100 ms) the simulation reproduces ALEs with the associated avalanche-like transport of fast ions. ALEs are shown to occur when multiple modes with toroidal mode numbers n = 1 , 2 , 3 are excited to large amplitudes. On the meso time scale (1-10 ms), bursts of chirping modes are reproduced, which are shown to be n = 1 energetic particle modes (EPM). On the short time scale (0.01-0.1 ms), pulsations and phase jumps are reproduced, which we interpret as the result of beating between multiple resonant wave packets. JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (No. 25820443, 16K18341). NIFS Collaborative Research Program (NIFS12KNTT016).

  11. Measurement of Type-I ELM Pulse Propagation in Scrape-Off Layer Using Optical System of Motional Stark Effect Diagnostics in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, Takahiro; Oyama, Naoyuki; Asakura, Nobuyuki

    2009-11-01

    Propagation of plasma ejected by type-I ELM has been measured in scrape-off layer (SOL), using optical system of motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostics in JT-60U as beam emission spectroscopy (BES) diagnostics. This MSE/BES system measures Dalpha emission from heating neutral beam excited by collisions with the ejected plasma, as well as background light (e.g. bremsstrahlung). In order to separate the beam emission and the background light, a two-wavelength detector is introduced into the MSE/BES system The detector observes simultaneously at the same spatial point in two distinct wavelengths using two photomultiplier tubes through two interference filters. One of the filters is adjusted to the central wavelength of the beam emission and the other is outside the beam emission spectrum Subtracting the background light, temporal change in the net beam emission in SOL has been evaluated Comparing conditionally-averaged beam emission with respect to 594 ELMs at 5 spatial channels (0.02-0.3 m outside the main plasma near equatorial plane), radial velocity of the ELM pulse propagation in SOL is about 0.8-1.8 km/s. Work supported by Grand-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B) No. 20760586

  12. Thermal-hydraulic analysis of transients in the HELIOS loop including a CICC section representative of the JT-60SA Central Solenoid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carli, S.; Bonifetto, R.; Hoa, C.; Savoldi, L.; Zanino, R.

    2015-12-01

    The HELIOS facility at CEA Grenoble is a supercritical helium (SHe) loop which is being used to investigate the effects on the cryogenic cooling system of the pulsed heat loads which are typical of superconducting tokamak operation. In the standard configuration, the magnet heat load is simulated by electrical heaters wrapped around a section of cryoline. In the present work, the resistively heated section is substituted in the HELIOS model of the 4C code, already validated for the standard configuration of HELIOS, by a sub-size winding structure made of JT-60SA Cable-In-Conduit Conductors (CICCs). The new model is then used to highlight the differences in the circuit behaviour when the heated pipe is substituted by an actual magnet wound with CICCs, checking the representativeness of the control strategies developed for the present HELIOS configuration. The use of CICCs will be shown to produce an intrinsic smoothing of the temperature profiles which is not affecting the capability of the control strategies to smooth the heat loads to the cryoplant.

  13. Hybrid simulation of fast ion dynamics in the presence of off-axis fishbone-like modes in high-beta JT-60U plasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bierwage, Andreas; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Matsunaga, Go; Shinohara, Koji; Todo, Yasushi; Yagi, Masatoshi

    2013-10-01

    The MHD-PIC hybrid code MEGA is used to simulate high-beta JT-60U plasmas in regimes near marginal MHD ballooning stability and driven by neutral beams. The goal of this research is to study the transport of fast ions caused by experimentally observed fishbone-like modes that peak off-axis (near the q = 2 surface) and have frequencies well below the accumulation points of the beta-induced gap of the shear Alfvén continuum. The approach chosen is as follows. Before examining the physics via parameter scans and case studies, the relevance of the simulation model is verified by checking whether the code can reproduce a plasma response with properties similar to those seen in the experiments. For this purpose, the simulation scenario is set up as realistically as currently possible: with realistic plasma shape and bulk pressure, and a fast ion distribution that is consistent with particle sources and collisions. The methods used and first results are reported and discussed. This work is partly supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).

  14. Measurement of type-I edge localized mode pulse propagation in scrape-off layer using optical system of motional Stark effect diagnostics in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, T.; Oyama, N.; Asakura, N.

    2010-04-01

    Propagation of plasma ejected by type-I edge localized mode (ELM) has been measured in scrape-off layer (SOL) of the JT-60U tokamak, using optical system of motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostics as beam emission spectroscopy (BES) diagnostics through a new technique developed. This MSE/BES system measures Dα emission from heating neutral beam excited by collisions with the ejected plasma, as well as background light (e.g., bremsstrahlung). While spatio-temporal change in the beam emission gives information on propagation of the ejected plasma, the background light that is observed simultaneously in all spatial channels veils the information. In order to separate the beam emission and the background light, a two-wavelength detector is newly introduced into the MSE/BES system. The detector observes simultaneously at the same spatial point in two distinct wavelengths using two photomultiplier tubes through two interference filters. One of the filters is adjusted to the central wavelength of the beam emission for the MSE diagnostics, and the other is outside the beam emission spectrum. Eliminating the background light, temporal change in the net beam emission in the SOL has been evaluated. Comparing conditionally averaged beam emission with respect to 594 ELMs in a discharge at five spatial channels (0.02-0.3 m outside the main plasma near equatorial plane), radial velocity of the ELM pulse propagation in SOL is evaluated to be 0.8-1.8 km/s (˜1.4 km/s for least-mean-squared fitting).

  15. The results of low-speed wind tunnel tests to investigate the effects of the NASA refan JT8D engine nacelles on the stability and control characteristics of the Boeing 727-200

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shirkey, M. D.

    1973-01-01

    The results from two low-speed wind tunnel tests of the Boeing 727-200 airplane as configured with the NASA refan JT8D-109 turbofan engines are presented. The objective of these tests was to determine the effects of the refan installation on the low-speed stability and control characteristics of the 727 airplane. Four side nacelle locations were tested to insure that aerodynamic interactions of the nacelles and empennage would be optimized. The optimum location was judged to be the same as that of the production JT8D-9 engines; the current production engine mounts can be used for this location. Some small changes in the basic airplane characteristics are attributable to the refan nacelles. The flaps up longitudinal and lateral-directional stability are both slightly increased for low angles of attack and sideslip respectively. The longitudinal stability at stall is improved for both the flaps up and landing flap configurations. The high attitude characteristics of the basic airplane are not significantly altered by the refan nacelle installation. Directional control capability is not affected by the refan nacelles.

  16. Recent RF Experiments and Application of RF Waves to Real-Time Control of Safety Factor Profile in JT-60U

    SciTech Connect

    Suzuki, T.; Isayama, A.; Ide, S.; Fujita, T.; Oikawa, T.; Sakata, S.; Sueoka, M.; Hosoyama, H.; Seki, M.

    2005-09-26

    Two topics of applications of RF waves to current profile control in JT-60U are presented; application of lower-hybrid (LH) waves to safety factor profile control and electron cyclotron (EC) waves to neo-classical tearing mode (NTM) control. A real-time control system of safety factor (q) profile was developed. This system, for the first time, enables 1) real time evaluation of q profile using local magnetic pitch angle measurement by motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostic and 2) control of current drive (CD) location ({rho}CD) by controlling the parallel refractive index N parallel of LH waves through control of phase difference ({delta}{phi}) of LH waves between multi-junction launcher modules. The method for real-time q profile evaluation was newly developed, without time-consuming reconstruction of equilibrium, so that the method requires less computational time. Safety factor profile by the real-time calculation agrees well with that by equilibrium reconstruction with MSE. The control system controls {rho}CD through {delta}{phi} in such a way to decrease the largest residual between the real-time evaluated q profile q(r) and its reference profile qref(r). The real-time control system was applied to a positive shear plasma (q(0){approx}1). The reference q profile was set to monotonic positive shear profile having qref(0)=1.3. The real-time q profile approached to the qref(r) during application of real-time control, and was sustained for 3s, which was limited by the duration of the injected LH power. Temporal evolution of current profile was consistent with relaxation of inductive electric field induced by theoretical LH driven current. An m/n=3/2 NTM that appeared at {beta}N{approx}3 was completely stabilized by ECCD applied to a fully-developed NTM. Precise ECCD at NTM island was essential for the stabilization. ECCD that was applied to resonant rational surface (q=3/2) before an NTM onset suppressed appearance of NTM. In order to keep NTM intensity below a

  17. Boundary condition for toroidal plasma flow imposed at the separatrix in high confinement JT-60U plasmas with edge localized modes and the physics process in pedestal structure formation

    SciTech Connect

    Kamiya, K.; Honda, M.; Urano, H.; Yoshida, M.; Kamada, Y.; Itoh, K.

    2014-12-15

    Modulation charge eXchange recombination spectroscopy measurements with high spatial and temporal resolution have made the evaluation of the toroidal plasma flow of fully stripped carbon impurity ions (V{sub ϕ}{sup C6+}) in the JT-60U tokamak peripheral region (including, in particular, the separatrix) possible with a better signal-to-noise ratio. By comparing co- and counter-neutral beam injection discharges experimentally, we have identified the boundary condition of V{sub ϕ}{sup C6+} and radial electric field shear (∇E{sub r}) imposed at the separatrix in high confinement (H-mode) plasmas with edge localized modes (ELMs). The V{sub ϕ}{sup C6+} value at the separatrix is not fixed at zero but varies with the momentum input direction. On the other hand, the ∇E{sub r} value is nearly zero (or very weakly positive) at the separatrix. Furthermore, the edge localized mode perturbation does not appear to affect both V{sub ϕ}{sup C6+} and ∇E{sub r} values at the separatrix as strongly as that in the pedestal region. The above experimental findings based on the precise edge measurements have been used to validate a theoretical model and develop a new empirical model. A better understanding of the physical process in the edge transport barrier (ETB) formation due to the sheared E{sub r} formation is also discussed.

  18. The results of a low speed wind tunnel test to investigate the effects of installing refan JT8D engines on the McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chrisenberry, H. E.; Doss, P. G.; Kressly, A. E.; Prichard, R. D.; Thorndike, C. S.

    1973-01-01

    A low speed wind tunnel test was conducted to assess the effects of the larger JT8D refan nacelles on the stability and control characteristics of the DC-9-30, with emphasis on the deep stall regime. Deep stall pitching moment and elevator hinge moment data, and low angle of attack tail-on and tail-off pitching moment data are presented. The refan nacelle was tested in conjunction with various pylons of reduced span relative to the production DC-9-30 pylon. Also, a horizontal tail that was larger than the production tail was tested. The data show that the refan installation has a small detrimental effect on the DC-9-30 deep stall recovery capability, that recovery characteristics are essentially independent of pylon span, and that the larger horizontal tail significantly increases recovery margins. The deep stall characteristics with the refan installation, within the range of pylon spans tested, are acceptable with no additional design changes anticipated.

  19. A Retrospective Analysis of Decision Making by Pregnant Adolescents Using Janis and Mann's Decisional Conflict Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colecchi, Cheryl A.; Worthington, Everett L., Jr.

    Research on decision making in pregnant adolescents is in its infancy. Most has focused on correlates of the various pregnancy outcomes such as abortion, delivery, parenting one's child, or relinquishing the child for adoption. There is a need to investigate the process of decision making with pregnant adolescents in light of a theory of decision…

  20. Revision of Aspergillus section Flavipedes: seven new species and proposal of section Jani sect. nov.

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Aspergillus section Flavipedes contains species that are distributed world-wide in soil and rhizosphere, indoor and cave environments, plant endophytes, food contaminants, and occasionally causing human infections. They are producers of many bioactive and extensively studied secondary metabolites an...

  1. JT90 thermal barrier coated vanes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sheffler, K. D.; Graziani, R. A.; Sinko, G. C.

    1982-01-01

    The technology of plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings applied to turbine vane platforms in modern high temperature commercial engines was advanced to the point of demonstrated feasibility for application to commercial aircraft engines. The three thermal barrier coatings refined under this program are zirconia stabilized with twenty-one percent magnesia (21% MSZ), six percent yttria (6% YSZ), and twenty percent yttria (20% YSZ). Improvement in thermal cyclic endurance by a factor of 40 times was demonstrated in rig tests. A cooling system evolved during the program which featured air impingement cooling for the vane platforms rather than film cooling. The impingement cooling system, in combination with the thermal barrier coatings, reduced platform cooling air requirements by 44% relative to the current film cooling system. Improved durability and reduced cooling air requirements were demonstrated in rig and engine endurance tests. Two engine tests were conducted, one of 1000 cycles and the other of 1500 cycles. All three coatings applied to vanes fabricated with the final cooling system configuration completed the final 1500 cycle engine endurance test. Results of this test clearly demonstrated the durability of the 6% YSZ coating which was in very good condition after the test. The 21% MSZ and 20% YSZ coatings had numerous occurrences of significant spalling in the test.

  2. JT/LJT connector insert material evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Baca, J.R.F.

    1991-10-01

    Different insert (insulator) materials are undergoing evaluation to replace the Fiberite E-3938 BE96 material currently used. Also being evaluated is the reconfiguration of the insert and metal shell-edge geometries for the purpose of reducing the alleged interference principally responsible for insert damage.

  3. Birge-Sponer Estimation of the C-H Bond Dissociation Energy in Chloroform Using Infrared, Near-Infrared, and Visible Absorption Spectroscopy: An Experiment in Physical Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myrick, M. L.; Greer, A. E.; Nieuwland, A. A.; Priore, R. J.; Scaffidi, J.; Andreatta, Danielle; Colavita, Paula

    2008-01-01

    The fundamental and overtone vibrational absorption spectroscopy of the C-H unit in CHCl[subscript 3] is measured for transitions from the v = 0 energy level to v = 1 through v = 5 energy levels. The energies of the transitions exhibit a linearly-decreasing spacing between adjacent vibrational levels as the vibrational quantum number increases.…

  4. JT8D Engine Internal Exhaust Mixer Technology Program.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    fabricability and cost considerations. In addition, this material has excellent repairability properties for service usage. The aluminum fan duct fairing...this period. (3) Along with noise and performance, ambient air temperature, rela- tive humidity, barometric pressure, and wind velocity were re- corded...at each test condition. Neither noise nor performance were recorded when the wind speed exceeded 8 knots or when the crosswind component exceeded 5

  5. Basics of Joule-Thomson Liquefaction and JT Cooling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Waele, A. T. A. M.

    2017-01-01

    This paper describes the basic operation of Joule-Thomson liquefiers and Joule-Thomson coolers. The discussion is based on the first law of thermodynamics mainly using hT-diagrams. It is limited to single-component fluids. A nitrogen liquefier and a helium cooler are discussed as important examples.

  6. Sorption J-T refrigeration utilizing manganese nitride chemisorption

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Jack; Lund, Alan

    1990-01-01

    The equilibrium pressures and compositions have been measured for a system of finely powdered manganese nitride and nitrogen gas at 650, 700, 800, and 850 C for various nitrogen loadings. Pressures ranged from less than 0.02 MPa at 650 C to 6.38 MPa at 850 C. Analysis of the test results has shown that under certain conditions Mn(x)N(y) could potentially be used in a triple regenerative sorption compressor refrigeration system, but the potential power savings are small compared to the increased complexity and reliability problems associated with very high temperature (above 950 C) pressurized systems.

  7. Basics of Joule-Thomson Liquefaction and JT Cooling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Waele, A. T. A. M.

    2017-03-01

    This paper describes the basic operation of Joule-Thomson liquefiers and Joule-Thomson coolers. The discussion is based on the first law of thermodynamics mainly using hT-diagrams. It is limited to single-component fluids. A nitrogen liquefier and a helium cooler are discussed as important examples.

  8. Choosing a College Major: Factors that Might Influence the Way Students Make Decisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Wei-Chun Vanessa

    2009-01-01

    This current study investigated Janis and Mann's (1977) Conflict Model of Decision Making. Specifically, Janis and Mann's model was tested to examine decision-making styles (coping patterns) and students who either have already decided or who have yet to decide on their college major. Furthermore, the current study is aimed to expand Janis and…

  9. Establishing Tools for Computing Hybrids

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-10-01

    amorphous/#research. Link working as of August 14, 2006 3. Birge, Robert . 1997. Protein-Based Branched-Photocycle Three-Dimensional Optical...Memories. Final Report RL-TR-96-274, April, DTIC Accession Number ADA327063. 4. Birge, Robert . 1997. Branched-Photocycle Three-Dimensional Memory...Final Report RL-TR-97-194, October, DTIC Accession Number ADA339787. 5. Birge, Robert , 2003. Prototype Protein-Based Three-Dimensional Memory. Final

  10. An Analysis of Middle Ultraviolet Dayglow Spectra

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-01

    1986) were used for the generation of Nitrogen Lyman-Birge- Hopfield and Nitric Oxide j,, 6, and E band emissions. The Nitrogen Vegard-Kaplan model ...for the following emissions: N2 Vegard-Kaplan; N2 Lyman-Birge- Hopfield ; NO -y, 6, and E; 01 2972A, 011 2470A; and NII 2143A. Altitude profiles for...16 2. Lyman-Birge- Hopfield .... ............ 17 3. Second Positive ..... .............. 17 B. ATOMIC NITROGEN ...... ................ 18 C. ATOMIC

  11. Performance characterization of a 6-K multiple JT helium adsorption cryocooler

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Elliot, S.; Johnson, D. L.; Lindersmith, C. A.; Sirbi, A.

    2002-01-01

    We present the work done at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for a Helium Adsorption Cooler to produce continuous cooling power at a temperature around 6 K. The goal of this development is to be able to propose for future space mission a long lifetime, vibration free cooler, which can cover the temperature range 18 K to 5 K.

  12. Performance deterioration based on simulated aerodynamic loads test, JT9D jet engine diagnostics program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stromberg, W. J.

    1981-01-01

    An engine was specially prepared with extensive instrumentation to monitor performance, case temperatures, and clearance changes. A special loading device was used to apply known loads on the engine by the use of cables placed around the flight inlet. These loads simulated the estimated aerodynamic pressure distributions that occur on the inlet in various segments of a typical airplane flight. Test results indicate that the engine lost 1.3 percent in take-off thrust specific fuel consumption (TSFC) during the course of the test effort. Permanent clearance changes due to the loads accounted for 1.1 percent; increase in low pressure compressor airfoil roughness and thermal distortion in the high pressure turbine accounted for 0.2 percent. Pretest predicted performance loss due to clearance changes was 0.9 percent in TSFC. Therefore, the agreement between measurement and prediction is considered to be excellent.

  13. Development of a hermetically sealed brushless DC motor for a J-T cryocooler

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Joscelyn, Edwin; Hochler, Irwin; Ferri, Andrew; Rott, Heinz; Soukaris, Ted

    1996-01-01

    This development was sponsored by Ball Aerospace for the Cryogenic On-Orbit LongLife Active Refrigerator (COOLLAR) program. The cryocooler is designed to cool objects to 65 K and operate in space for at least 7 years. The system also imports minimal impact to the spacecraft in terms of vibration and heat. The basic Joule-Thompson cycle involves compressing a working fluid, nitrogen in this case, at near-constant temperature from 17.2 KPa to 6.89 MPa. The nitrogen is then expanded through a Joule-Thompson valve. The pure nitrogen gas must be kept clean; therefore, any contamination from motor organic materials must be eliminated. This requirement drove the design towards sealing of the motor within a titanium housing without sacrificing motor performance. It is estimated that an unsealed motor would have contributed 1.65 g of contaminants, due to the organic insulation and potting materials, over the 7-year life. This paper describes the motor electrical and mechanical design, as well as the sealing difficulties encountered, along with their solutions.

  14. DC-9 flight demonstration program with refanned JT8D engines. Volume 2: Design and construction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The nacelle configuration selected for the DC-9 had a 1595.6 mm Refan length inlet and an 1811.8 mm exhaust duct. The inlet had 1234.4 mm of acoustic treatment and the tailpipe had 1305.5 mm of equivalent length acoustic treatment. The pylon was reduced in width from 425.5 mm to 204.5 mm. Fuselage frames and titanium skin panels in the area of the pylon were reinforced or replaced to support the higher loads and engine thrust. Experimental type tooling, fabrication and assembly were used on all hardware. The design is considered certifiable and representative of the hardware that would be built as retrofit kits.

  15. Field reversal effects on divertor plasmas under radiative and detached conditions in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asakura, N.; Hosogane, H.; Tsuji-Iio, S.; Itami, K.; Shimizu, K.; Shimada, M.

    1996-06-01

    Reversal effects of the toroidal field Bt on the principal divertor plasma parameters were investigated under radiative and detached divertor conditions in L mode discharges. The ion flux to the inboard separatrix strike point decreased before a MARFE occurred, irrespective of the ion Del B drift direction. The local electron temperature, Te, div, decreased to around 10 eV. The maximum fraction of power radiated in the divertor was comparable between the two directions of Bt. With the power flowing into the two divertor fans being slightly larger on the outboard than on the inboard, a nearly symmetric in-out heat load was observed for the ion Del B drift away from the target. This was due to the outboard enhanced asymmetries in the particle flux and radiation loss distributions. From the viewpoint of in-out symmetry in the target heat load and Te, div, operation with the ion Del B drift away from the target plate is desirable as long as the attached divertor condition is maintained. On the contrary, during the MARFE, although deterioration of the energy confinement as well as the increase in the fuelling efficiency were comparable, for the ion Del B drift towards the target the plasma did not detach completely, and the strong in-out asymmetry in the particle recycling was relaxed to a relatively symmetric distribution. From the viewpoint of particle exhaust to the divertor, operation with the ion Del B drift towards the target is favourable

  16. Internal Mixer Investigation for JT8D Engine Jet Noise Reduction. Volume 1 Results.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-12-01

    were compared with~ re- suilts from other con tigurations. Scale Mo1 del Peru rmanc Tests Tlwo mixer". and the rt ference sytem were tested by thle...PN. curves in Vi,. uro 5.4’. Tite slort mixcr peroduccd about I P"NO1 1110K. 10is re. duction Mhan did the longs mixert &tInjakienwi takeoff and

  17. Short-term performance deterioration in JT9D-7A(SP) engine 695743

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bouchard, R. J.; Beyerly, W. R.; Sallee, G. P.

    1978-01-01

    The level of performance deterioration that occurred during early service was studied and also the contribution of each engine module to the overall level of engine performance deterioration. To assist in the distribution of the performance losses to the module level, testing with expanded experimental instrumentation was accomplished to permit direct measurement of module performance. An analytical teardown of the engine was accomplished to permit assignment of module performance losses to individual mechanical damage mechanisms including blade and seal wear, roughness, and thermal distortion of turbine parts. The results of the testing show that the engine deteriorated 1.5 percent in thrust specific fuel consumption from its performance when new. Initial testing, which included water washing, showed that 0.2 percent in performance deterioration was due to surface contamination (dirt) and 0.1 percent was due to drift of the engine vane control system, leaving 1.2 percent in basic TSFC deterioration. This 1.2 percent TSFC loss was distributed among the engine modules with 0.6 percent caused by clearance changes, 0.4 percent loss due to thermal distortion, and 0.2 percent loss due to increased roughness of the fan and low-pressure compressor airfoils.

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF A LOW HEAT LEAK CFRP STAND FOR MIRI COOLER JT HEAT EXCHANGER STAGE

    SciTech Connect

    Makowski, K. P.; Hayashil, B.; Larson, M. E.; Loc, A. S.; Zhang, B. X.; Leland, R. S.

    2010-04-09

    A low heat leak stand is being developed for the Heat exchanger Stage Assembly (HSA) of the cryocooler subsystem for the Mid Infra-Red Instrument (MIRI) of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). The HSA stand is a hexapod structure supporting the 18 K HSA in a nominal 40 K background environment. Carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) has been selected for this application to meet the stringent design requirements of a low parasitic heat leak (less than 3.8 mW including both conductive and radiative heat loads for the thermal environment defined above) and a resonance frequency above 120 Hz. A directional lay-up of T300/polycyanate has been chosen for the construction of the hexapod struts. End fittings made of Invar 36 are bonded to the struts to provide structural interfaces. The development effort includes fabricating and testing (including cryogenic thermal cycling) six types of coupons for material characterization, determination of structural degradation due to thermal cycling, and selection of the joint bonding epoxy. Consequently, strut samples are used for final material characterization, performance assessment, and bond joint design evaluation. This paper describes the development process and addresses the challenges in meeting the design requirements. Results of finite element analysis (FEA) for the composite structure and experimental data collected through structural and thermal testing are also presented.

  19. Preliminary evaluation of hermetic JT/LJT/R P connector socket contact design

    SciTech Connect

    Baca, J.R.F.

    1991-10-01

    This report presents a precursory examination of a number of issues pertaining to socket contacts in hermetic connectors. The principal issues addressed are high-contact resistance and contact chatter (circuit discontinuities). Efforts examining the characteristics of the existing socket contact design, the possibility of connector/contact rework, quick-fix solutions, and contact redesigns are summarized.

  20. Program on ground test of modified quiet, clean, JT3D and JT8D turbofan engines in their respective nacelles. [modification of Boeing 707, 727, and 737 aircraft for aircraft noise reduction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    A program to reduce the community noise levels of commercial jet aircraft is summarized. The program objective is the development of three acoustically treated nacelle configurations for the 707, 727, and 737 series aircraft to provide maximum noise reduction with minimum performance loss, modification requirements, and economic impact. The preliminary design, model testing, data analyses, and economic studies of proposed nacelle configurations are discussed.

  1. 76 FR 16526 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT8D-209, -217, -217A, -217C, and -219 Series Turbofan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-24

    ... with bolts and nuts made of Tinidur material. This new AD requires the same torque inspection, blade... longer bolts made of Tinidur material. This AD also requires installation of crushable sleeve spacers on the bolts. This AD was prompted by nine reports of failure of Tinidur material LPT-to-exhaust...

  2. 75 FR 38052 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT8D-209, -217, -217A, -217C, and -219 Series Turbofan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ... and nuts made of Tinidur material. This proposed AD would require the same actions but would require replacement of the LPT-to-exhaust case bolts and nuts with longer bolts made of Tinidur material, with nuts made of Tinidur material, and installation of crushable sleeve spacers on the bolts. This proposed...

  3. Heart Rate-Corrected QT and JT Intervals in Electrocardiograms in Physically Fit Students and Student Athletes.

    PubMed

    Misigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta; Durakovic, Zijad; Prskalo, Ivan

    2016-11-01

    In literature, data on the prevalence of prolonged and shortened corrected QT (QTc) have shown considerable variability. The aim of the study was to compare QTc and JTc intervals of competitive student athletes and noncompetitive sport participants to QTc cutoff points used in athletes. A group of 485 physically fit candidates for the study of kinesiology (139 female and 346 male candidates) aged 18-20 participated in the study. Basic anthropometry, field fitness test, cardiovascular, electrocardiograms measurements, and blood sampling for lipid profile were conducted. The prolonged QTc according to European Society of Cardiology criteria was found in 2.9% of female and 4.3% of male students. When the "Seattle criteria" were used, the proportion of prolonged QTc was 1.44% in female and 0.29% in male students. The shortened QTc according to the Seattle cutoff points was presented in 0.7% of female and 2.0% of male students. The JTc over 400 ms was found in 0.72% of female and 0.29% of male students. The JTc shorter than 320 ms was presented in 0.7% of female and 1.1% of male students. No significant differences were found between students involved in competitive sport and those involved in recreational sporting activities. Female students had lower body mass index and blood pressure values, better blood lipid profile, and lower uric acid concentrations. In conclusion, the Seattle criteria markedly decreased the proportion of prolonged QTc in student athletes, particularly in male students. It seems that the JTc interval could be a better parameter than the QTc interval for the estimation of specific repolarization time in physically fit university students.

  4. JADS JT&E: Phase 3 and Phase 4 Verification and Validation Report for the End-to-End Test

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-03-01

    Plan for the ETE Test and the Phase 3 Verification and Validation Plan for the End-to-End Test 1.2 Verification and Validation Tasks The V&V tasks...performed on 23 Ferumary and 13 March 1999 during Phase 3 were conducted on the T3 aircraft parked on the ramp and are described in the Phase 3 Verification...properly was to perform an abbreviated version of the Phase 3 V&V. There were also two V&V tasks that were either not completed or were not resolved when

  5. Evaluation of two inflow control devices for flight simulation of fan noise using a JT15D engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, W. L.; Mcardle, J. G.; Homyak, L.

    1979-01-01

    The program was developed to accurately simulate flight fan noise on ground static test stands. The results generally indicated that both the induct and external ICD's were effective in reducing the inflow turbulence and the fan blade passing frequency tone generated by the turbulence. The external ICD was essentially transparent to the propagating fan tone but the induct ICD caused attenuation under most conditions.

  6. Improved performance in long-pulse ELMy H-mode plasmas with internal transport barrier in JT-60U

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oyama, N.; Isayama, A.; Suzuki, T.; Koide, Y.; Takenaga, H.; Ide, S.; Nakano, T.; Asakura, N.; Kubo, H.; Takechi, M.; Sakamoto, Y.; Kamada, Y.; Urano, H.; Yoshida, M.; Tsuzuki, K.; Matsunaga, G.; Gormezano, C.; JT-60 Team

    2007-07-01

    After installation of ferritic steel tiles, fast ion losses due to toroidal field ripple have been reduced by 1/2-1/3. The increase in absorbed power at same injection power can reduce the required number of neutral beam injector (NBI) units to sustain a given normalized beta, βN, resulting in a better flexibility of torque input by increasing the available combination of tangential NBI units. By making use of these advantages to sustain an internal transport barrier (ITB), the performance of long-pulse ELMy H-mode plasmas was improved in terms of sustained duration time for both high βN and high thermal confinement enhancement factor (HH98(y,2)). High βN > 2.3 together with HH98(y,2) ~ 1 was sustained for 23.1 s (~12τR, where τR is the current diffusion time) at q95 ~ 3.3, which also provide high βNHH98(y,2) >= 2.2 and a bootstrap current fraction of >=40%. βNHH98(y,2) of 2.0 was sustained for 28.6 s, which is limited by the maximum injection period of 30s for NBI system. These long-pulse plasmas are possible candidates for ITER hybrid operation scenario. Improved confinement is characterized by the larger thermal components at a given density maintained by lower heating power than in previous experiments. The strength of the ITB depends on the pedestal temperature, which varies with edge density while keeping constant the edge pressure (limited by type I ELMs). The fact that co-toroidal rotation as a result of reduced fast ion losses provides better quality of Te-ITB also contributes the improvement of thermal plasma confinement. These long-pulse plasmas indicate that further investigation to establish high performance plasmas longer than the time scale of wall saturation (τW) with active particle control is essential to establish the operational scenarios for next step devices, where the wall pumping does not work.

  7. 76 FR 41144 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Corp. (PW) JT9D-7R4H1 Turbofan Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... life limits, and establishes a new, lower life-limit for these parts. This proposed AD was prompted by...-2011-0731; Directorate Identifier 2010-NE-39-AD'' at the beginning of your comments. We specifically... operating metal ] temperatures impose a greater low-cycle fatigue life debit for each operating...

  8. Experimental validation of non-uniformity effect of the radial electric field on the edge transport barrier formation in JT-60U H-mode plasmas

    PubMed Central

    Kamiya, K.; Itoh, K.; Itoh, S.-I.

    2016-01-01

    The turbulent structure formation, where strongly-inhomogeneous turbulence and global electromagnetic fields are self-organized, is a fundamental mechanism that governs the evolution of high-temperature plasmas in the universe and laboratory (e.g., the generation of edge transport barrier (ETB) of the H-mode in the toroidal plasmas). The roles of inhomogeneities of radial electric field (Er) are known inevitable. In this mechanism, whether the first derivative of Er (shear) or the second derivative of Er (curvature) works most is decisive in determining the class of nontrivial solutions (which describe the barrier structure). Here we report the experimental identification of the essential role of the Er-curvature on the ETB formation, for the first time, based on the high-spatiotemporal resolution spectroscopic measurement. We found the decisive importance of Er-curvature on ETB formation during ELM-free phase, but there is only a low correlation with the Er-shear value at the peak of normalized ion temperature gradient. Furthermore, in the ELMing phase, the effect of curvature is also quantified in terms of the relationship between pedestal width and thickness of the layer of inhomogeneous Er. This is the fundamental basis to understand the structure of transport barriers in fusion plasmas. PMID:27480931

  9. 75 FR 27972 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9, -9A, -11, -15, -17, and -17R Turbofan Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    .... This proposed AD would require overhauling fan blade leading edges at the first shop visit after 4,000 cycles-in-service (CIS) since the last total fan blade overhaul was performed. This proposed AD results from reports of failed fan blades. We are proposing this AD to prevent high-cycle fatigue cracking...

  10. 75 FR 62319 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9, -9A, -11, -15, -17, and -17R Turbofan Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ... root, which could result in uncontained failures of first stage fan blades and damage to the airplane.... The extension would allow time to determine the root cause of a fan blade failure on a Delta DC-9... rulemaking process. The root cause investigation can continue after the AD is issued. We did not change...

  11. Experimental validation of non-uniformity effect of the radial electric field on the edge transport barrier formation in JT-60U H-mode plasmas.

    PubMed

    Kamiya, K; Itoh, K; Itoh, S-I

    2016-08-02

    The turbulent structure formation, where strongly-inhomogeneous turbulence and global electromagnetic fields are self-organized, is a fundamental mechanism that governs the evolution of high-temperature plasmas in the universe and laboratory (e.g., the generation of edge transport barrier (ETB) of the H-mode in the toroidal plasmas). The roles of inhomogeneities of radial electric field (Er) are known inevitable. In this mechanism, whether the first derivative of Er (shear) or the second derivative of Er (curvature) works most is decisive in determining the class of nontrivial solutions (which describe the barrier structure). Here we report the experimental identification of the essential role of the Er-curvature on the ETB formation, for the first time, based on the high-spatiotemporal resolution spectroscopic measurement. We found the decisive importance of Er-curvature on ETB formation during ELM-free phase, but there is only a low correlation with the Er-shear value at the peak of normalized ion temperature gradient. Furthermore, in the ELMing phase, the effect of curvature is also quantified in terms of the relationship between pedestal width and thickness of the layer of inhomogeneous Er. This is the fundamental basis to understand the structure of transport barriers in fusion plasmas.

  12. Observation of an Energetic-Particle-Driven Instability in the Wall-Stabilized High-beta Plasmas in the JT-60U Tokamak

    SciTech Connect

    Matsunaga, G.; Aiba, N.; Shinohara, K.; Sakamoto, Y.; Isayama, A.; Takechi, M.; Suzuki, T.; Oyama, N.; Asakura, N.; Kamada, Y.; Ozeki, T.

    2009-07-24

    We have observed a bursting mode in the high-beta plasmas above the ideal beta limit without a conducting wall. The mode frequency is chirping down as the mode amplitude increases, and its initial value is close to the precession frequency of the trapped energetic particle from the perpendicular neutral beams. The mode structure is radially extended with a peak around the q=2 surface. This mode can finally trigger the resistive wall mode (RWM) despite enough plasma rotation for RWM stabilization. It is concluded that the mode is driven by trapped energetic particles. The mode is attributed to the interaction between the trapped energetic particles and a marginally stable mode in the wall-stabilized high-beta{sub N} region.

  13. Wind tunnel test of model target thrust reversers for the Pratt and Whitney aircraft JT8D-100 series engines installed on a 727-200 airplane

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hambly, D.

    1974-01-01

    The results of a low speed wind tunnel test of 0.046 scale model target thrust reversers installed on a 727-200 model airplane are presented. The full airplane model was mounted on a force balance, except for the nacelles and thrust reversers, which were independently mounted and isolated from it. The installation had the capability of simulating the inlet airflows and of supplying the correct proportions of primary and secondary air to the nozzles. The objectives of the test were to assess the compatibility of the thrust reversers target door design with the engine and airplane. The following measurements were made: hot gas ingestion at the nacelle inlets; model lift, drag, and pitching moment; hot gas impingement on the airplane structure; and qualitative assessment of the rudder effectiveness. The major parameters controlling hot gas ingestion were found to be thrust reverser orientation, engine power setting, and the lip height of the bottom thrust reverser doors on the side nacelles. The thrust reversers tended to increase the model lift, decrease the drag, and decrease the pitching moment.

  14. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants in the European haplogroups HV, JT, and U do not have a major role in schizophrenia.

    PubMed

    Torrell, Helena; Salas, Antonio; Abasolo, Nerea; Morén, Constanza; Garrabou, Glòria; Valero, Joaquín; Alonso, Yolanda; Vilella, Elisabet; Costas, Javier; Martorell, Lourdes

    2014-10-01

    It has been reported that certain genetic factors involved in schizophrenia could be located in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Therefore, we hypothesized that mtDNA mutations and/or variants would be present in schizophrenia patients and may be related to schizophrenia characteristics and mitochondrial function. This study was performed in three steps: (1) identification of pathogenic mutations and variants in 14 schizophrenia patients with an apparent maternal inheritance of the disease by sequencing the entire mtDNA; (2) case-control association study of 23 variants identified in step 1 (16 missense, 3 rRNA, and 4 tRNA variants) in 495 patients and 615 controls, and (3) analyses of the associated variants according to the clinical, psychopathological, and neuropsychological characteristics and according to the oxidative and enzymatic activities of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. We did not identify pathogenic mtDNA mutations in the 14 sequenced patients. Two known variants were nominally associated with schizophrenia and were further studied. The MT-RNR2 1811A > G variant likely does not play a major role in schizophrenia, as it was not associated with clinical, psychopathological, or neuropsychological variables, and the MT-ATP6 9110T > C p.Ile195Thr variant did not result in differences in the oxidative and enzymatic functions of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The patients with apparent maternal inheritance of schizophrenia did not exhibit any mutations in their mtDNA. The variants nominally associated with schizophrenia in the present study were not related either to phenotypic characteristics or to mitochondrial function. We did not find evidence pointing to a role for mtDNA sequence variation in schizophrenia.

  15. Fertility Herbs: Do They Enhance Fertility?

    MedlinePlus

    ... pregnant. I've seen many ads for fertility herbs and supplements. Do they work? Answers from Jani ... it's not surprising that some people look to herbs and supplements as a possible alternative treatment to ...

  16. Incessant Palpitations and Narrow Complex Tachycardia.

    PubMed

    Han, Frederick T

    2016-03-01

    Junctional tachycardia (JT) is rare cause of supraventricular tachycardia. The intracardiac activation sequence is similar to atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). Premature atrial contractions inserted during tachycardia can help distinguish JT from AVNRT. As noted in this case, slow pathway ablation for JT may not always be effective for termination of JT. Activation mapping during JT identified a low-amplitude potential in the region of the coronary sinus ostium and the inferior margin of the triangle of Koch that marked the successful ablation site for JT.

  17. A Zero Extraction and Separation Technique for Surface Acoustic Wave and Digital Signal Processing FIR (Finite Impulse Response) Filter Implementation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    situations and is discussed briefly. Factoring Methods Several unique approaches to zero extraction exist. The first was by none other than Sir Issac ... Newton (1642-1727). Since that 34 time, other algorithms by Bairstow, Lin, Muller and Birge-Vieta have arrived (Ralston and Wilf 1960). These

  18. Study of turbofan engines designed for low energy consumption

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gray, D. E.

    1976-01-01

    The near-term technology improvements which can reduce the fuel consumed in the JT9D, JT8D, and JT3D turbofans in commercial fleet operation through the 1980's are identified. Projected technology advances are identified and evaluated for new turbofans to be developed after 1985. Programs are recommended for developing the necessary technology.

  19. Comment on 'Observations of reconnection of interplanetary and lobe magnetic field lines at the high-latitude magnetopause' by J.T. Gosling, M.F. Thomsen, S.J. Bame, R.C. Elphic, and C.T. Russell

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Belen'kaia, Elena

    1993-01-01

    Comment is presented on the results of measurements, reported by Gosling et al. (1991), that were made on ISEE in the vicinity of the high-latitude dusk magnetopause near the terminator plane, at a time when the local magnetosheath and tail lobe magnetic fields were nearly oppositely directed. The character of the observed plasma flowing both tailward and sunward within the high-latitude magnetopause current layer presented real evidence for the local reconnection process. Gosling et al. argued that this process may be a manifestation of different global magnetospheric topology structures. In the comment, a global magnetospheric convection pattern is constructed for the northward IMF and for the case of a large azimuthal component of the IMF with small Bz, irrespective of its sign. The suggested scheme provides a simple explanation for the observed sunward convection in the polar caps both for the northward and for strong By with small Bz. According to the present model, for the magnetosheath field at 2300 UT on June 11, 1978, the reconnection between the open field lines appears at the northern neutral point.

  20. Le sacrum de Sterkfontein Sts 14 Q ( Australopithecus africanus): nouvelles données sur la croissance et sur l'âge osseux du spécimen (hommage à R. Broom et J.T. Robinson) . The sacrum of Sterkfontein Sts 14 Q (Australopithecus africanus): new data on the growth and on the osseus age of the specimen (homage to R. Broom and J.T. Robinson)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berge, Christine; Gommery, Dominique

    1999-08-01

    The fossil sacrum of Sterkfontein Sts 14Q ( Australopithecus africanus) was compared with 96 human sacrums of known age so as to reveal its growth stage. Robinson (1972) noticed the presence of an immature trait (unfused intervertebral disc between S1 and S2) in this individual which in other respects is supposed to be a fully matured adult. Our study brings us to define a "sub-adult" category corresponding to a class between the ages of 16 to 25 years in modern humans. Sts 14Q had the same state of maturation, which corresponds to a post-pubertal individual which had not finished its growth concerning the sacral breadth, and probably the pelvic breadth.

  1. Behavioral consequences of fluctuating group success: an internet study of soccer-team fans.

    PubMed

    Boen, Filip; Vanbeselaere, Norbert; Feys, Jos

    2002-12-01

    The authors tested the hypothesis that fans of a sports team avoid private contact with their team when it is unsuccessful (cutting off reflected failure, or CORF), whereas fans actively seek private contact with their team when it is successful (basking in reflected glory, or BIRG). During the 2nd half of the 1999-2000 soccer season, the authors registered the number of visitors who had surfed the Web sites of 16 Belgian and 18 Dutch 1st-division teams on the 1st working day following a championship game. The authors obtained 586 valid measurements, which were transformed into z scores for each team separately. In line with the hypothesis, there were significantly more visitors after the teams won (BIRG) than after they lost (CORF). The effects of game outcome were not mediated by pregame expectations or by the size of the wins or losses.

  2. A Special Section. College Periodicals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Currents, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Special section includes "True to Format," an editor's guide to periodicals (Robin Goldman); "The Move to Magazine," focusing on format (Patricia Ann LaSalle); "The Fast-paced Alternative," about timely tabloids (Janis D. Gleason, Lynn Donham); and also about tabloids, "Why Don't We Have a Magazine?" (Marsha…

  3. Subunit Recombinant Vaccine Protects Against Monkeypox

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-27

    Subunit Recombinant Vaccine Protects against Monkeypox1 Jean-Michel Heraud,* Yvette Edghill-Smith,*† Victor Ayala,‡ Irene Kalisz,‡ Janie Parrino ...GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Heraud, JM Edghill-Smith, Y Ayala, V Kalisz, I Parrino , J Kalyanaraman, VS Manischewitz, J King

  4. Small Group Dynamics and the Watergate Coverup: A Case Study of Groupthink.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cline, Rebecca J.

    The decisions President Richard Nixon and his closest advisors made in the Watergate coverup were products of what Irving Janis calls "groupthink." Groupthink, a type of decision-making emphasizing unanimity over objective evaluation, develops when the decision makers (1) form a group of marked cohesiveness, (2) insulate themselves from…

  5. Groupthink: Hypothesis in Need of Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moorhead, Gregory

    1982-01-01

    Reviews the major tenets of the groupthink hypothesis of Irving Janis, as well as the research on which it is based. Reviews previous research on group dynamics related to groupthink. Proposes guidelines for research to test the propositions of groupthink. (Author/RC)

  6. Groupthink: Effects of Cohesiveness and Problem-Solving Procedures on Group Decision Making.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callaway, Michael R.; Esser, James K.

    1984-01-01

    Tested Janis' groupthink formulation with 126 students by manipulating group cohesiveness and adequacy of decision procedures in a factorial design. Results showed highest quality decisions were produced by groups of intermediate cohesiveness. Highly cohesive groups without adequate decision procedures (the groupthink condition) tended to make the…

  7. A Preliminary View of the Quality of Decision-Making in the Benchmark Year of 1984. AIR 1985 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spiro, Louis M.; Campbell, Jill F.

    Perceptions of college institutional research directors concerning the quality of executive decision making at their institutions were studied. Perceptions were assessed using a theoretical model of Groupthink developed by Janis, who postulates that a high amount of environmental stress should lead to a greater degree of…

  8. Effects of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Marigold Growth and Flowering

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the growth and flowering responses of greenhouse-grown French marigold (Tagetes patula L. ‘Janie Deep Orange’) to two non-composted broiler chicken litter-based organic fertilizers 4-2-2 and 3-3-3, and one commonly used synthetic controlled-release fertiliz...

  9. Bending the Tree, Building the Woman: A Stylistic Approach to Voice and Vision in "Their Eyes Were Watching God"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancaster, Iris M.

    2009-01-01

    Zora Neale Hurston, in "TEWWG," deconstructs the image of two important literary tropes that were deeply embedded in the African American literary tradition: the dispirited black female and the tragic mulatto. Both of these characters, Nanny as the dispirited black female and Janie as the tragic mulatto, are haunted by their traumatic histories.…

  10. Are We Facing an Epidemic of Self-Injury?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brumberg, Joan Jacobs

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses two Cornell research studies on the prevalence of self-injury or "cutting" in today's youth, led by Janis Whitlock, and presents historical perspectives on the issue. The first study randomly surveyed 3,069 undergraduate and graduate students at Cornell University and Princeton University. Data showed that 17 percent of the…

  11. Commitment in American Foreign Policy, a Theoretical Examination for the Post-Vietnam Era

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    University Press, 1975), p. 81 footnote. 5. See works by Charles Kiesler, Kurt Lewin , Leon Festinger, Irving Janis, and Leon Mann for this widely held view...that all decisions are predetermined. In fact, Truman had a wide range of choice, as May makes clear. 19. For cognitive freezing, see Kurt Lewin , "Group

  12. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (86th, Kansas City, Missouri, July 30-August 2, 2003). Miscellaneous Divisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2003

    The Miscellaneous Divisions of the proceedings contains the following 17 papers: "Analyzing Sequential Art: Visual Narrative Techniques in 'Calvin and Hobbes'" (Sharron M. Hope); "A Critical Vision of Gender in 2002 Campaign Ads" (Janis Teruggi Page); "Personal Impact Assessment of Advertising Culture of 'Whiteness':…

  13. 76 FR 41450 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-14

    ... for Sugar Import Licensing Programs described in 7 CFR part 1530. DATES: Comments should be received... (202) 720-2194, or by e-mail at: William.Janis@fas.usda.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Sugar Imported for Export as Refined Sugar or as a Sugar- Containing Product, or used in the Production...

  14. ACUTE AND CHRONIC TOXICITY OF BREVETOXIN TO OYSTERS AND GRASS SHRIMP

    EPA Science Inventory

    Walker, Calvin C., James T. Winstead, Steven S. Foss, Janis C. Kurtz, James Watts, Jeanne E. Scott and William S. Fisher. In press. Acute and Chronic Toxicity of Brevetoxin to Oysters and Grass Shrimp (Abstract). To be presented at the SETAC Fourth World Congress, 14-18 November ...

  15. 15. 'Southern Pacific R.R., One 236'0' Bet. End Pins S. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. 'Southern Pacific R.R., One 236'-0' Bet. End Pins S. Tr. Thro'. Draw Bridge over Sacramento River at Tehama, The Phoenix Bridge Co., Phoenixville, Pa., Jan'y 19th 98, Dwg. 585.' - Southern Pacific Railroad Shasta Route, Bridge No. 210.52, Milepost 210.52, Tehama, Tehama County, CA

  16. Teaching Medical Student Psychiatry Through Contemporary Music

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egan, William H.

    1977-01-01

    An audio technique uses contemporary music recordings to illustrate various personality disorders, including: schizoid, paranoid, compulsive, antisocial, and hysterical. The works of Bob Dylan, Paul Simon, Harry Chapin, the Beatles, Janis Ian, James Taylor, Tammy Wynette, and others are cited. (LBH)

  17. Black Image: Education Copes With Color. Essays on the Black Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grambs, Jean Dresden, Ed.; And Others

    The contents of this book, about the impact on the values of young people which textbooks and other books designed for them from preschool through twelfth grade have by the way they depict black people in the United States, include the following articles: (1) "Storytellers and gatekeepers," J. Janis and P. Franklin; (2) "Black vs. Negro history:…

  18. The Midcareer Crisis: A Description of the Psychological Dynamics of Transition and Adaptation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perosa, Sandra L.; Perosa, Linda M.

    1983-01-01

    Compared three groups of people (N=134) facing midcareer crisis using a structured interview. Suggested that Hopson and Adams' (1977) model can provide a framework for understanding emotional factors in voluntary career transitions. Janis and Mann's (1977) conflict model describes where in the decision-making process the groups chose alternative…

  19. Biological Sensing with Terahertz Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-31

    S.J. and Plaxco, K.W. (2003) “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy: a potential approach to unbiased, in situ life detection.” Astrobiology , 3...detection.” Astrobiology , 3, 489-504 Xu, J., Ramian, G.J., Galan, J.F., Savvidis, P.G., Scopatz, A.M., Birge, R.R., Allen, S.J. and Plaxco, K.W. (2004

  20. Contributions to the Science Modeling Requirements Document; Earth Limb & Auroral Backgrounds

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Ionosphere Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory K Planetary index Lyman-Birge-Hopfield Low resolution transmission model Local...measurements of atmospheric parameters (Hedin, 1983). MSIS-83 modeled magnetic storm variations in terms of the 3hr ap index and extended its region of...stations. NOAA/SEL issues provisional estimates of the planetary range indices Ap and Kp. These indices derive from real-time measurements of

  1. Double-well potential energy curve of cadmium-krypton molecule in the B1(5(3)P1) excited state.

    PubMed

    Lukomski, M; Koperski, J; Czajkowski, M

    2002-06-01

    The real shape of a double-well B1(5(3)P1)-state potential in CdKr van der Waals molecule was reconstructed applying both the experimental data, using a Birge-Sponer method-based analysis of the B1 <-- X0+(5(1)S0) transition in excitation spectrum, and theoretical result of recent ab initio calculation. An inverse perturbation approach method was used for defining an accurate B1-state potential energy curve.

  2. Empirical relationship between electron precipitation and far-ultraviolet auroral emissions from DMSP observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sotirelis, Thomas; Korth, Haje; Hsieh, Syau-Yun; Zhang, Yongliang; Morrison, Daniel; Paxton, Larry

    2013-03-01

    emissions observed in the far-ultraviolet wavelength range are compared with measurements of the coincident precipitating electrons and ions that produce the emissions in a large-scale correlative study. The auroral emissions and particle precipitation are observed with the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager and SSJ5 detectors, respectively, both onboard the DMSP F16 satellite. Coincident observations along the same magnetic field line in the Northern Hemisphere are assembled from two consecutive winters (during 2005-2007). A numerical fit to 27,922 coincident observations provides an empirical relationship between the electron energy flux and the intensity of Lyman-Birge-Hopfield long emissions, JEe = 4.90 ṡ108 (eV s-1 sr-1 cm-2)/R ILBHL (valid in the absence of significant ion fluxes: JEe > 10 JEion). A fit to 1308 coincident observations provides the relationship between the average electron energy and the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield short to Lyman-Birge-Hopfield long emission ratio, = 19.6 keV exp(-2.34 ILBHS / ILBHL) (valid from 3 to 19.6 keV). These resulting empirical relationships permit the energy flux and average energy of precipitating electrons to be inferred from far-ultraviolet imagery, in the absence of significant ion precipitation.

  3. Analysis of a tobacco vector and its actions in china: the activities of japan tobacco

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Japan Tobacco (JT) is the third largest tobacco company in the world, and China, the world's largest tobacco consumer, is one of the most important targets for JT. To provide information for tobacco control, we reviewed and analyzed JT and its tactics and strategies in the Chinese market mainly by systematic examination of documents which are made available in the University of California, San Francisco Legacy Tobacco Documents Library. As a result, JT has had a special interest to expand sales of its cigarettes in the Chinese market. PMID:20979655

  4. Tubal ligation - discharge

    MedlinePlus

    ... discharge; Tube tying - discharge; Tying the tubes - discharge; Contraception - tubal ... chap 23. Jensen JT, Mishell DR. Family planning: contraception, sterilization, and pregnancy termination. In: Lentz GM, Lobo ...

  5. The five-jump test for distance as a field test to assess lower limb explosive power in soccer players.

    PubMed

    Chamari, Karim; Chaouachi, Anis; Hambli, Mourad; Kaouech, Fethi; Wisløff, Ulrik; Castagna, Carlo

    2008-05-01

    The 5-jump test (5JT) was proposed to evaluate lower limb explosive power of athletes competing in various disciplines. Although 5JT performance is usually expressed in absolute terms as the overall distance covered (i.e., in meters), subject size can play a significant role in the performance. The aims of the present study were to test the relationship of 5JT absolute performance with laboratory tests for explosive power and to develop performance notations useful to improve the diagnostic value of 5JT. Fifteen elite soccer players, members of the Under-23 Tunisian national team, were tested for 5JT, force platform vertical jumping (squat jump [SJ] and arm-aided countermovement jump [Arm-CMJ]), and concentric isokinetic leg extension/flexion (90 degrees x s(-1) and 240 degrees x s(-1)). 5JT performance was expressed in absolute terms (meters), relative to leg length (5JT-relative) and with body mass-dependent notations (Body mass x 5JT, 5JT-body mass). 5JT performance was significantly correlated with SJ height and scaled (W x kg) peak power (0.72 and 0.77, respectively, p < 0.01). 5JT-relative values were significantly related to SJ and Arm-CMJ height (0.61 and 0.71, respectively, p < 0.05) and scaled peak power (0.57 and 0.59, respectively, p < 0.05). 5JT-body mass revealed significantly related of SJ (0.82, p < 0.0001) and Arm-CMJ peak power (0.54, p < 0.05) and to SJ and Arm-CMJ peak force (0.67 and 0.65, respectively p < 0.05). 5JT-relative and 5JT-body mass correlated significantly with knee extensors 240 degrees x s(-1) (0.60, p < 0.05) and knee flexors 90 degrees x s(-1) (0.67, p < 0.01) isokinetic acceleration time, respectively. The results of this study suggest that the 5JT may be regarded as an explosive strength diagnostic tool under field conditions in elite soccer players. The use of performance notation accounting for body size differences may improve the diagnostic ability of 5JT.

  6. Percolation features of cooperative Jahn-Teller systems: Ising EFT framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moujaes, Elie A.; Abou Ghantous, Michel

    2014-08-01

    Elastic exchange between two nearest Jahn-Teller (JT) centers in two or three dimensional dense crystals, can give an ordered macroscopic distortion known as cooperative JT effect (CJTE). A very diluted JT crystal does not show this effect. In the dynamic JT effect (DJTE), tunneling between different equivalent distorted wells has a pronounced influence on the CJTE. We investigate this phenomenon using a progressive increase in the concentration of these centers in the JT crystals, based on a bond percolation vector spin analogy technique within the framework of effective field theory (EFT). Mean field theory (MFT) was extensively used in previous studies of CJTE; however it neither includes correlation between JT centers in the lattice due to the complexity of the distortion field in the crystal nor the effect of tunneling between wells. We resort to an alternative procedure, by describing a JT center as a pseudo-spin vector , induced to represent the degenerate JT-distorted states, where two nearest JT centers interact via an elastic exchange described by an Ising type spin interaction. The DJTE is considered to be similar to an elastic transverse field term in the Hamiltonian portraying the effect of tunneling between equivalent wells in the adiabatic potential energy surface (APES). We will be particularly discussing S = 1, S = 3/2 and S = 5/2 spin cases, where 2 S + 1 wells in the APES are present and what JT systems they actually represent, with a percolative mechanism applied to the interactions between different JT centers. The different lattices are distinguished by their coordination numbers. Strong tunneling effects can suppress the CJTE and lead to a new state of criticality. Generalizations to higher spin systems will be obtained using a scaling technique. For the relevant distortions, we determine single site correlations, the macroscopic average distortion describing a structural phase transition and the elastic isothermal susceptibility as a

  7. Engine component improvement program: Performance improvement. [fuel consumption

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcaulay, J. E.

    1979-01-01

    Fuel consumption of commercial aircraft is considered. Fuel saving and retention components for new production and retrofit of JT9D, JT8D, and CF6 engines are reviewed. The manner in which the performance improvement concepts were selected for development and a summary of the current status of each of the 16 selected concepts are discussed.

  8. Construction of new cloning, lacZ reporter and scarless-markerless suicide vectors for genetic studies in Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.

    PubMed

    Juárez-Rodríguez, María Dolores; Torres-Escobar, Ascención; Demuth, Donald R

    2013-05-01

    To elucidate the putative function of a gene, effective tools are required for genetic characterization that facilitate its inactivation, deletion or modification on the bacterial chromosome. In the present study, the nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli/Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans shuttle vector pYGK was determined, allowing us to redesign and construct a new shuttle cloning vector, pJT4, and promoterless lacZ transcriptional/translational fusion plasmids, pJT3 and pJT5. Plasmids pJT4 and pJT5 contain the origin of replication necessary to maintain shuttle vector replication. In addition, a new suicide vector, pJT1, was constructed for the generation of scarless and markerless deletion mutations of genes in the oral pathogen A. actinomycetemcomitans. Plasmid pJT1 is a pUC-based suicide vector that is counter-selectable for sucrose sensitivity. This vector does not leave antibiotic markers or scars on the chromosome after gene deletion and thus provides the option to combine several mutations in the same genetic background. The effectiveness of pJT1 was demonstrated by the construction of A. actinomycetemcomitans isogenic qseB single deletion (ΔqseB) mutant and lsrRK double deletion mutants (ΔlsrRK). These new vectors may offer alternatives for genetic studies in A. actinomycetemcomitans and other members of the HACEK (Haemophilus spp., A. actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella kingae) group of Gram-negative bacteria.

  9. Strategy for Testing the Efficacy of Ballast Water Treatment Technologies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-12-01

    http://tolweb.org/tree/ Keer, J.T. and L. Birch. (2003). Molecular methods for the assessment of bacterial viability. Journal of Microbiological Methods . 53...methods and emerging approaches. Journal of Microbiological Methods , 49:31-54. Ruiz, G.M., J.T. Carlton, E.D. Grosholz and A.H. Hines. (1997). Global

  10. 77 FR 15939 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Turbofan Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-19

    ... Turbofan Engines AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: We are superseding an existing airworthiness directive (AD) for all Pratt & Whitney (PW) JT9D series turbofan engines... the JT9D series engines ALS sections of the manufacturer's ICA. This AD was prompted by the need...

  11. 2007 Simulation Education Summit

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    simulation: a revolution in procedural training. Chest. 2001 Oct;120(4):1333-9. 11. Mayo PH, Hackney JE, Mueck JT, Ribaudo V, Schneider RF. Achieving...training. Chest. 2001 Oct;120(4):1333-9. 27. Mayo PH, Hackney JE, Mueck JT, Ribaudo V, Schneider RF. Achieving house staff competence in emergency

  12. Analysis of two-stage Joule-Thomson expansion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narasaki, Katsuhiro

    2016-03-01

    To cool far infrared detectors for infrared observation or superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixers for atmospheric observation, 1 K-class and 4 K-class coolers have been developed. These coolers consist of a two-stage Stirling cooler for pre-cooling and a Joule-Thomson (JT) cooler with a single JT valve. This paper presents descriptions of theoretical analyses based on enthalpy balance to elucidate the benefits of a two-stage JT valve type compared with those of a single JT valve type in a JT cooler. First, relational expressions for heat balance analysis of enthalpy for single-stage JT expansion are introduced. Then similar relational expressions for two-stage JT expansion are introduced under some assumptions. Results of heat balance analyses using several parameters demonstrated that, using two-stage JT expansion, the cooling capacity for a 1 K-class cooler is improved by 100%; that of a 4 K-class cooler is improved by about 30%.

  13. Construction of new cloning, lacZ reporter and scarless-markerless suicide vectors for genetic studies in Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans

    PubMed Central

    Juárez-Rodríguez, María Dolores; Torres-Escobar, Ascención; Demuth, Donald R.

    2013-01-01

    To elucidate the putative function of a gene, effective tools are required for genetic characterization that facilitate its inactivation, deletion or modification on the bacterial chromosome. In the present study, the nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli/Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans shuttle vector pYGK was determined, allowing us to redesign and construct a new shuttle cloning vector, pJT4, and promoterless lacZ transcriptional/translational fusion plasmids, pJT3 and pJT5. Plasmids pJT4 and pJT5 contain the origin of replication necessary to maintain shuttle vector replication. In addition, a new suicide vector, pJT1, was constructed for the generation of scarless and markerless deletion mutations of genes in the oral pathogen A. actinomycetemcomitans. Plasmid pJT1 is a pUC-based suicide vector that is counter-selectable for sucrose sensitivity. This vector does not leave antibiotic markers or scars on the chromosome after gene deletion and thus provides the option to combine several mutations in the same genetic background. The effectiveness of pJT1 was demonstrated by the construction of A. actinomycetemcomitans isogenic qseB single deletion (ΔqseB) mutant and lsrRK double deletion mutants (ΔlsrRK). These new vectors may offer alternatives for genetic studies in A. actinomycetemcomitans and other members of the HACEK (Haemophilus spp., A. actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella kingae) group of Gram-negative bacteria. PMID:23353051

  14. Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. phenolicus subsp. nov. a phenol-degrading, denitrifying bacterium isolated from a graywater bioprocessor.

    PubMed

    Rehfuss, Marc; Urban, James

    2005-07-01

    A Gram (-) coccobacillary bacterium, J(T), was isolated from a graywater bioprocessor. 16S rRNA and biochemical analysis has revealed strain J(T) closely resembles Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC 8750T and A. faecalis subsp. parafaecalis DSM 13975T, but is a distinct, previously uncharacterized isolate. Strain J(T), along with the type strain of A. faecalis and its previously described subspecies share the ability to aerobically degrade phenol. The degradation rates of phenol for strain J(T) and reference phenol degrading bacteria were determined by photometrically measuring the change in optical density when grown on 0.1% phenol as the sole carbon source, followed by addition of Gibb's reagent to measure depletion of substrate. The phenol degradation rates of strain J(T) was found to exceed that of the phenol hydroxylase group III bacterium Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes, with isolate J(T) exhibiting a doubling time of 4.5 h. The presence of the large subunit of the multicomponent phenol hydroxylase gene in strain J(T) was confirmed by PCR. The presence of the nirK nitrite reductase gene as demonstrated by PCR as well as results obtained from nitrite media indicated denitrification at least to N2O. Based on phenotypic, phylogenetic, fatty acid analysis and results from DNA DNA hybridization, we propose assigning a novel subspecies of Alcaligenes faecalis, to be named Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. phenolicus with the type strain J(T) (= DSM 16503) (= NRRL B-41076).

  15. Bone Allografts: What Is the Risk of Disease Transmission with Bone Allografts?

    MedlinePlus

    ... Safety of Bone Allografts Used in Dentistry: A Review. JADA September 2008 vol. 139 no. 9 1192–1199. Mellonig JT. Donor selection, testing, and inactivation of the HIV virus in freeze-dried bone allografts. Pract Periodontics Aesthet Dent 1995;7:13–22. Mellonig JT, Prewett AB, Moyer ...

  16. Decompression Sickness and U-2 Operations: Summary of Research, Findings, and Recommendations Regarding Use of Exercise During Prebreathe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    Fischer MD, Wiegman JF, Webb JT. Exercise-induced altitude decompression sickness. Aviat Space Environ Med 1999; 70:22-9. 14. Pilmanis AA...22. Webb JT, Dixon GA, Wiegman JF. Potential for reduction of decompression sickness by prebreathing with 100% oxygen while exercising. SAE Technical

  17. Photoluminescence properties of Jahn-Teller transition-metal ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanz-Ortiz, Marta N.; Rodríguez, Fernando

    2009-09-01

    This work investigates the influence of electron-phonon coupling associated with E ⊗e and T ⊗e Jahn-Teller (JT) effect in different transition-metal (TM) ions on de-excitation phenomena through nonradiative multiphonon relaxation, i.e., photoluminescence (PL) quenching. We developed a configurational curve model which is able to predict from the absorption spectrum whether a given JT-TM ion is PL or quenched. The prediction is made on the basis of an adapted Dexter-Klick-Russell parameter for JT systems, defined in terms of spectroscopic parameters through ΛJT=αΔeabs/Eabs, where Δeabs refers to the splitting of the parent octahedral Eg states by the JT distortion in E ⊗e (α =3/4) or T ⊗e (α =1/4), and Eabs is the energy of the first absorption band involving electronic transition between Eg and T2g. We show that PL in any JT-TM ion occurs whenever ΛJT<0.1 or is quenched if ΛJT>0.2. This result is noteworthy since it allows us to establish structural requirements for the JT-TM ion and the host crystal to be PL. Although PL properties of materials containing TM ions depend on a variety of structural factors such as the electronic configuration, the site symmetry, and the crystal field produced by neighboring atoms, the present model achieves this goal through a simple spectroscopic parameter: ΛJT. In this work we correlated the PL properties of different sixfold-coordinated JT systems such as Ti3+, Cu2+, Mn3+, Cr2+, Fe2+, Co3+, and Ni3+ in halides and oxides with ΛJT obtained from their respective absorption spectra. From this analysis we conclude that depending on the nature of the JT coupling and its strength, PL is either strongly favored or quenched in T ⊗e while it is mostly quenched in E ⊗e systems due to the larger JT distortion.

  18. The Jahn Teller and pseudo-Jahn Teller effect in the dark Ãstate of the nitrate radical NO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takematsu, Kana; Robichaud, David; Okumura, Mitchio; Stanton, John

    2007-03-01

    Despite its apparent simple molecular structure, the lowest electronic states of the nitrate radical NO3 remain poorly understood. In particular, the three lowest states of the radical provide a benchmark for testing models of the Jahn-Teller (JT) and pseudo-JT effects. The dark Ãstate of NO3 undergoes strong JT distortion, suggesting that models with only linear and quadratic vibronic couplings are inadequate. We present cavity ringdown (CRD) and integrated cavity output (ICOS) spectra of the forbidden A&˜circ; ^2E"<-X&˜circ; ^2A2' transition (preliminary report in Deev, et. al. J.Chem. Phys., 2005. 122:224305) and compare them to a simulation based on a model Hamiltonian developed by Koppel, Domcke and Cederbaum that incorporates both JT and PJT couplings. New insights into the pseudo-JT effect among the lowest states are gained by examination of intensity-borrowing mechanisms for the observed vibronic bands.

  19. Update of Aircraft Profile Data for the Integrated Noise Model Computer Program. Volume 1. Final Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-03-01

    Dougtas DC8-50 JT3D-38 1I C 13 McDonn Douglas DC8-60 JT3D-7 1 C 17 McDonn Dougtas DC8-60 JT80-70N 1 C 14 McDonn Dougtas DC8-70 CFM56 -2C-5 3 CF 15 Br...34 Airbus A310-300 CF6-8OC2A2 3 a 97 Airbus A320-211 CFM56 -5A-1 3 B ...................... ------ ----i...narrow body 45 Boeing 8737 JT80-90N 2 C 47 Boeing s737-200 JT80-17 2 C 35 Boeing 8737-300 CFM56 -38-1 3 A 36 Boeing 8737-300 CFM56 -38-2 3 * A 85 Boeing

  20. Spacepower for Australias Security - Grand Strategy or Strategy of Grandeur

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    originated to provide explanatory power for biological systems, morphing to cover gestalt psychology and later used in quantum physics to explain the new...Winter, 1992–1993) (1992): 68. 60 Abraham Maslow, The Psychology of Science: A Reconnaissance. the idealist and mechanistic tendencies on the...www.defence.gov.au/jwdtc/Documents/DoctrineLibrary/ADDP3.18- OperationalEmploymentofSpace.pdf. 83 Irving L Janis, Groupthink: Psychological

  1. Groupthink: A Significant Threat to the Homeland Security of the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    requires the career FAMS to work a long and arduous schedule, to the point at which many were filing complaints that their quality of life was being...terrorists have been spotted with members of MS-13 in El Salvador .171 Both these organizations did pose a legitimate threat to the United States, but...membership in this faction more than the quality of the decision or the decision’s consequences. Janis theorized that the in-group frequently sanctions a

  2. Database-Aided Diagnosis in Digital Mammography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-07-01

    panel of radiologists consisted of Anthony C. Disher, MD, Robert C. Murchison, MD, Janis F. Owens, MD, and Carolyn R. Towler, MD. Jack I. Eisenman...Database-Aided Decisions," 1997. J. Ribas -Corbera, "Image Data Compress and Interframe Interpolation of Cinematic Sequences," 1992. M. R. Vriesenga...Cinematic Sequences" (with J. Ribas -Corbera), Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, Vol. 4, No. 4, December 1993, pp. 392-406. 13

  3. 9th Annual UC Systemwide Bioengineering Symposium

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-08-01

    Cylindrical Wells Facilitate Single-Molecule Enzymology of Bovine a-Chymotrypsin. Angela Y. Chen , A.S. Jani, L. Zheng, P.J. Burke and James P. Brody...1. Andrew McCammon, Lei Yu , Stephen B. Howell and David A. Gough, UCSDlNitto Denko Technology Corporation • Genentech 3rd Place Award ($250) o A...Shadi Mahjoob UC Riverside Zhenshan Chen UC Riverside Mariela Anguelov Winchester Associates Inc Entcho Anguelov Winchester Associates Inc

  4. The Synergy Model at Work in a Military ICU in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    1dassesses diversity through a standard questionnaire , adheres to own belief system Level 3dconsiders the individuality of the patient, inquires about...Karen S. Kesten, RN, MSN, CCRN, PCCN, CCNSb, Janie Heath, PhD, APRN-BC, ANP, ACNPc aTripler Army Medical Center, Surgical Product Line, 1 Jarrett White...AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Tripler Army Medical Center

  5. Price Analysis on Commercial Item Purchases Within the Department of the Navy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-30

    memorandums and determine whether the use of price analysis techniques and pricing memorandums can improve acquisition-pricing outcomes. The purpose...price analysis techniques that are being utilized and documented in the contracting file and to explore potential improvements. This analysis is based...Within the Department of the Navy Janie L. Maddox, Maj, USAF (Ret.) — has 30 years of experience working in the government contract management and

  6. Domain Engineering Validation Case Study: Synthesis for the Air Traffic Display/Collision Warning Monitor Domain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-11-01

    AD-A259 407 DTIC itELECTE JANI2 6 1993 C DOMAIN ENGINEERING VALIDATION CASE STUDY: SYNTHESIS FOR THE AIR TRAFFIC DISPLAY/COLLISION WARNING MONITOR...Kramer, DARPA/ SISTO, Arl., VA 22203 1-26-93 JK DOMAIN ENGINEERING VALIDATION CASE STUDY: SYNTHESIS FOR THE AIR TRAFFIC DISPLAY/COLLISION WARNING MONITOR...COLLISION WARNING MONITOR CASE STUDY WITH AUTOMATION ............... C-1 C .1 Introduction .............................................................. C -1

  7. Logistic Incentive Structures Reflected in Irregular Logistic Procedures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-31

    Press. Brown, James Douglas. (1973) The Human Nature of Organizations. New York: APRACON. Cartwright , Dorwin , and Alvin Zander, eds. (1968) Group...John Wiley and Sons, Inc. BOWERS, David G. (1976) Systems of Organization. Ann Arbor, Mich.: The University of Michigan Press. CARTWRIGHT , Dorwin , and...exclusive and proximity ofI 37 Janis in Cartwright and Zander (1968). A-22 ownership. It is often zealously guarded, accurately accounted for, and handled

  8. Group Dynamics in Top Management Teams: Groupthink, Vigilance, and Alternative Models of Organizational Failure and Success.

    PubMed

    Peterson; Owens; Tetlock; Fan; Martorana

    1998-02-01

    This study explored the heuristic value of Janis' (1982) groupthink and vigilant decision making models as explanations of failure and success in top management team decision making using the Organizational Group Dynamics Q-sort (GDQ). Top management teams of seven Fortune 500 companies were examined at two historical junctures-one when the team was successful (defined as satisfying strategic constituencies) and one when the team was unsuccessful. Results strongly supported the notion that a group' decision making process is systematically related to the outcomes experienced by the team. Ideal-type Q-sorts organized around Janis' analysis of groupthink and vigilance were substantially correlated with Q-sorts of failing and successful groups, respectively. The fit was, however, far from perfect. Ideal-type Q-sorts derived from other frameworks correlated better with the failure-success classification than did the Janis-derived ideal types. Successful groups showed some indicators of groupthink (e.g., risk-taking, cohesion, and strong, opinionated leaders), whereas unsuccessful groups showed signs of vigilance (e.g., internal debate to the point of factionalism). The results illustrate the usefulness of the GDQ for developing and empirically testing theory in organizational behavior from historical cases. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  9. Comments on cladocerans of crater lakes of the Nevado de Toluca Volcano (Central Mexico), with the description of a new species, Alona manueli sp. nov.

    PubMed

    Sinev, Artem Y; Zawisza, Edyta

    2013-01-01

    Cladoceran communities of two lakes of Nevado de Toluca Volcano, Central Mexico, were studied. A new species of Aloninae, Alona manueli sp. nov., is described. It was previously confused with Palearctic Alona intermedia Sars, 1862, but clearly differs from it in the morphology of postabdomen, head shield and head pores, and thoracic limbs. Position of Alona manueli sp. nov. within the genus is unclear, it did not belong to any species-group within Alona s. lato. Other species recorded in the studied lakes are Alona ossiani Sinev, 1998, Alonella pulchella Herrick, 1884, Chydorus belonging to sphaericus-group, Eurycercus longirostris Hann, 1982 and Pleuroxus cf. denticulatus Birge, 1879.

  10. The extended-least-squares treatment of correlated data

    SciTech Connect

    Cohen, E.R.; Tuninsky, V.S.

    1994-12-31

    A generalization of the extended-least-squares algorithms for the case of correlated discrepant data is given. The expressions of the linear, unbiased, minimum-variance estimators (LUMVE) derived before are reformulated. A posteriori estimates of the variance taking into account the inconsistency of all of the experimental data, have the same form as for the case of non-correlated data. These estimates extend the previous improvement on the {open_quotes}traditional{close_quotes} Birge-ratio procedures to the case of correlated input data.

  11. Nucleotide Accumulation Induced in Staphylococcus aureus by Glycine

    PubMed Central

    Strominger, Jack L.; Birge, Claire H.

    1965-01-01

    Strominger, Jack L. (Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo.), and Claire H. Birge. Nucleotide accumulation induced in Staphylococcus aureus by glycine. J. Bacteriol. 89:1124–1127. 1965.—High concentrations of glycine induce accumulation of four uridine nucleotides in Staphylococcus aureus. Investigations of their structure suggest that these compounds are uridine diphosphate (UDP)-acetylmuramic acid, UDP-acetylmuramyl-gly-d-glu-l-lys, UDP-acetylmuramyl-l-ala-d-glu-l-lys and UDP-acetylmuramyl-gly-d-glu-l-lys-d-ala-d-ala. The mechanism by which glycine may induce uridine nucleotide accumulation and protoplast formation is discussed. Images PMID:14276106

  12. Copper Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    Murrel, Channa punctatus; 50 or 100 ug/L for 7 days Catfish , Clarias sp. 27, 55, or 110 ug/L for 8 weeks; whole fish analyzed for total copper at...in fish embryos . A significant number of malformed fish larvae came from eggs treated with 500 ug Cu/L (Birge and Black 1979). In studies with...Blackfin icefish, Chaenocephalus aceratus; Antarctica; 1989 Liver 4.5 FW Muscle 1,5 ow African sharp-tooth catfish , Clarias gariepinus; South

  13. Jumping translocations in myeloid malignancies associated with treatment resistance and poor survival

    PubMed Central

    Sanford, David; DiNardo, Courtney D.; Tang, Guilin; Cortes, Jorge E.; Verstovek, Srdan; Jabbour, Elias; Ravandi, Farhad; Kantarjian, Hagop; Garcia-Manero, Guillermo

    2016-01-01

    Background Jumping translocations (JT) are uncommon cytogenetic abnormalities involving non-reciprocal translocations of a single donor chromosome onto two or more chromosomes. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of JTs in patients with myeloid malignancies are not well described. Materials and Methods We searched our cytogenetic database from 2003 to 2014 to identify cases of myeloid malignancies associated with a JT. These cases were cross-referenced with our clinical databases to determine patient characteristics, response to treatment and overall survival. Results We identified 10 patients with myeloid malignancies and a JT: 4 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with MDS-related changes, 4 cases of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and 2 cases of post-polycythemia myelofibrosis. The donor segment was derived from chromosome 1 in every case. The acquisition of a JT was a late ocurrence, with a median time to JT development of 24.9 months (range 0-248 months) from diagnosis. The overall response to treatment was poor, with no patients achieving a response to conventional chemotherapy or hypomethylating agents. The median overall survival for the group was 9 months (95% CI 2.5-15.5) after identification of a JT. Conclusion The acquisition of a JT in patients with myeloid malignancies appears to be a late event and is associated with myelodysplasia. In our series, this was associated with a poor prognosis with patients having a poor response to treatment, disease transformation to AML and short overall survival. PMID:26141213

  14. Clogging of Joule-Thomson Devices in Liquid Hydrogen-Lunar Lander Descent Stage Operating Regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jurns, J. M.

    2010-04-01

    Joule-Thomson (J-T) devices have been identified as critical components for future space exploration missions. The NASA Constellation Program lunar architecture considers LOX/LH2 propulsion for the lunar lander descent stage main engine an enabling technology, ensuring the cryogenic propellants are available at the correct conditions for engine operation. This cryogenic storage system may utilize a Thermodynamic Vent System (TVS) that includes J-T devices to maintain tank fluid pressure and temperature. Previous experimental investigations have indicated that J-T devices may become clogged when flowing LH2 while operating at a temperature range from 20.5 K to 24.4 K. It has been proposed that clogging is due to a trace amount of metastable, supercooled liquid neon in the regular LH2 supply. In time, flow blockage occurs from accretion of solid neon on the orifice. This clogging poses a realistic threat to spacecraft propulsion systems utilizing J-T devices in cryogenic pressure control systems. TVS failure due to J-T clogging would prevent removal of environmental heat from the propellant and potential loss of mission. This report describes J-T clogging tests performed with LH2. Tests were performed in the expected Lunar Lander operating regime, and several methods were evaluated to determine the optimum approach to mitigating the potential risk of J-T clogging.

  15. A miniature Joule-Thomson cooler for optical detectors in space.

    PubMed

    Derking, J H; Holland, H J; Tirolien, T; ter Brake, H J M

    2012-04-01

    The utilization of single-stage micromachined Joule-Thomson (JT) coolers for cooling small optical detectors is investigated. A design of a micromachined JT cold stage-detector system is made that focuses on the interface between a JT cold stage and detector, and on the wiring of the detector. Among various techniques, adhesive bonding is selected as most suitable technique for integrating the detector with the JT cold stage. Also, the optimum wiring of the detector is discussed. In this respect, it is important to minimize the heat conduction through the wiring. Therefore, each wire should be optimized in terms of acceptable impedance and thermal heat load. It is shown that, given a certain impedance, the conductive heat load of electrically bad conducting materials is about twice as high as that of electrically good conducting materials. A micromachined JT cold stage is designed and integrated with a dummy detector. The JT cold stage is operated at 100 K with nitrogen as the working fluid and at 140 K with methane. Net cooling powers of 143 mW and 117 mW are measured, respectively. Taking into account a radiative heat load of 40 mW, these measured values make the JT cold stage suitable for cooling a photon detector with a power dissipation up to 50 mW, allowing for another 27 to 53 mW heat load arising from the electrical leads.

  16. A miniature Joule-Thomson cooler for optical detectors in space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Derking, J. H.; Holland, H. J.; Tirolien, T.; ter Brake, H. J. M.

    2012-04-01

    The utilization of single-stage micromachined Joule-Thomson (JT) coolers for cooling small optical detectors is investigated. A design of a micromachined JT cold stage-detector system is made that focuses on the interface between a JT cold stage and detector, and on the wiring of the detector. Among various techniques, adhesive bonding is selected as most suitable technique for integrating the detector with the JT cold stage. Also, the optimum wiring of the detector is discussed. In this respect, it is important to minimize the heat conduction through the wiring. Therefore, each wire should be optimized in terms of acceptable impedance and thermal heat load. It is shown that, given a certain impedance, the conductive heat load of electrically bad conducting materials is about twice as high as that of electrically good conducting materials. A micromachined JT cold stage is designed and integrated with a dummy detector. The JT cold stage is operated at 100 K with nitrogen as the working fluid and at 140 K with methane. Net cooling powers of 143 mW and 117 mW are measured, respectively. Taking into account a radiative heat load of 40 mW, these measured values make the JT cold stage suitable for cooling a photon detector with a power dissipation up to 50 mW, allowing for another 27 to 53 mW heat load arising from the electrical leads.

  17. Self-expanding plastic esophageal stents versus jejunostomy tubes for the maintenance of nutrition during neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy in patients with esophageal cancer: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Siddiqui, A A; Glynn, C; Loren, D; Kowalski, T

    2009-01-01

    In patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer, the inability to eat may severely impair nutritional status. We conducted a retrospective study to compare the efficacy of the Polyflex self-expanding silicone stent (PS) versus a jejunostomy tube (JT) for maintaining nutrition during neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy in patients with esophageal cancer who were scheduled for resectional surgery. Thirty-six patients were treated either with PS placement (12 patients) or JT placement (24 patients) prior to receiving an 8-week course of chemoradiation therapy. Patients were interviewed weekly until cessation of therapy. Patient data were collected on procedural success and complication rates, nutritional status, and dysphagia scores. PS placement was successful in 11 of 12 patients (92%), and those 11 patients were able to resume oral nutrition. Dysphagia scores improved from a mean of 3 to 1 in the PS group (P < 0.005) but did not change significantly in the JT group. PS were removed endoscopically without complications prior to the esophagectomies. Albumin levels and weight increased significantly in both the PS and JT groups. There were no significant differences between groups in the procedural success rates (PS 92% vs. JT 100%, P = 0.33), complication rates (PS 22% vs. JT 4%, P = 0.11), mean increase in weight (PS 4.4 kg vs. JT 4.2 kg, P = 0.59), and mean increase in serum albumin (PS 0.62 g/dL vs. JT 0.44 g/dL, P = 0.05). PS is a safe and effective alternative to a surgical JT for maintaining nutrition in this subset of patients.

  18. Analysis of Ultraviolet and Visible Laser Effects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    Schriempf, J.T., Cronburg, T.L., Eninger , J.E., and Woodroffe, J.A., "Pulsed CO 2 Laser Interaction with a Metal Surface at Oblique Incidence," Appl...REFERENCES 1. McKay, J.A., Schriempf, J.T., Cronburg, T.L., Eninger , J.E., and Woodroffe, J.A., "Pulsed CO2 Laser Interaction with a Metal Surface at...McKay, J.A., Schriempf, J.T., Cronburg, T.L., Eninger , J.E., and Woodroffe, J.A., Appi. Phys. Lett. 36, 125 (1980). 2. Jacob, J.H., Hsia, J.C., Mangano

  19. Photoionization capable, extreme and vacuum ultraviolet emission in developing low temperature plasmas in air

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stephens, J.; Fierro, A.; Beeson, S.; Laity, G.; Trienekens, D.; Joshi, R. P.; Dickens, J.; Neuber, A.

    2016-04-01

    Experimental observation of photoionization capable extreme ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet emission from nanosecond timescale, developing low temperature plasmas (i.e. streamer discharges) in atmospheric air is presented. Applying short high voltage pulses enabled the observation of the onset of plasma formation exclusively by removing the external excitation before spark development was achieved. Contrary to the common assumption that radiative transitions from the b{{}1}{{\\Pi}u} (Birge-Hopfield I) and b{{}\\prime 1}Σu+ (Birge-Hopfield II) singlet states of N2 are the primary contributors to photoionization events, these results indicate that radiative transitions from the c{{4\\prime}1}Σu+ (Carroll-Yoshino) singlet state of N2 are dominant in developing low temperature plasmas in air. In addition to c{}4\\prime transitions, photoionization capable transitions from atomic and singly ionized atomic oxygen were also observed. The inclusion of c{{4\\prime}1}Σu+ transitions into a statistical photoionization model coupled with a fluid model enabled streamer growth in the simulation of positive streamers.

  20. SCHOOL BUS GARAGES, 1966 REVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    JOHNSON, HERBERT F.

    STANDARDS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ARE GIVEN FOR THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SCHOOL BUS GARAGES INCLUDING BRIEF DISCUSSIONS OF--(1) SITE DEVELOPMENT, (2) DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION, AND (3) MECHANICAL (HEATING, PLUMBING, AND VENTILATION) AND ELECTRICAL FACTORS. (JT)

  1. Glass Walls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jeanne A.

    1980-01-01

    Relates some of the author's experiences while teaching on the Pine Ridge (South Dakota) Sioux Reservation, showing how learning barriers can be broken with a little understanding between teacher and students. (JT)

  2. Hey Mister! It's Upside Down!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Robert K.

    1977-01-01

    A graphing activity which allows students to work independently of the teacher and the textbook is described. The activity involves providing data in order to develop the skills necessary for interpreting the collected information. (JT)

  3. Administrators: Nursing Home Administrator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahl, Anne

    1976-01-01

    Responsibilities, skills needed, training needed, earnings, employment outlook, and sources of additional information are outlined for the administrator who holds the top management job in a nursing home. (JT)

  4. Genetics Home Reference: sick sinus syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... RA, Sehmi JS, Sharp S, Shin JT, Singleton AB, Smith AV, Soranzo N, Spector TD, Stewart C, Stringham ... Stricker BH, Metspalu A, Perola M, Beckmann JS, Smith GD, Stefansson K, Wareham NJ, Munroe PB, Sibon ...

  5. Cleidocranial dysostosis

    MedlinePlus

    ... chap 40. Horton WA, Hecht JT. Disorders involving transcription factors. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St Geme ... about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy , editorial process and privacy policy . A.D.A.M. is ...

  6. Social Services: Recreation Occupations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rones, Philip L.

    1976-01-01

    Description of recreation services for the elderly in two areas, community recreation and therapeutic recreation, includes employment information for the various levels: Recreation director, supervisor, leader, activity specialist, and aide. (JT)

  7. Achieving Salary Equity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevill, Dorothy D.

    1975-01-01

    Three techniques are outlined for use by higher education institutions to achieve salary equity: salary prediction (using various statistical procedures), counterparting (comparing salaries of persons of similar rank), and grievance procedures. (JT)

  8. Exploration of Home Economics Related Occupations in Clothing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Virginia F.; Plumb, Sandra

    1976-01-01

    A five-unit lesson plan is presented titled "Introduction to Careers in the Fashion Industry" which involved three sections of a ninth grade home economics class in an assembly line sewing experience in a clothing production factory. (JT)

  9. Genetics Home Reference: multiple cutaneous and mucosal venous malformations

    MedlinePlus

    ... Central Morris PN, Dunmore BJ, Tadros A, Marchuk DA, Darland DC, D'Amore PA, Brindle NP. Functional ... JT, Diamonti AJ, Goumnerov B, Pasyk KA, Marchuk DA, Warman ML, Cantley LC, Mulliken JB, Olsen BR. ...

  10. Hepatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 90. Pawlotsky J-M. Chronic ... eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 149. Sjogren MH, Bassett JT. ...

  11. Eucalyptus oil overdose

    MedlinePlus

    ... JT, Duvivier EH, Pollack CV. Seizure disorders. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. ... Shih RD. Plants, mushrooms, and herbal medications. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. ...

  12. Genetics Home Reference: Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... Glander I, Killoran C, Elson E, Turner JT, Peters KF, Abbott MH, Aughton DJ, Aylsworth AS, Bamshad ... Rope AF, Rosenbaum KN, Schaefer GB, Shealy A, Smith W, Soller M, Sommer A, Stalker HJ, Steiner ...

  13. Teasing Hamsters in Electric Cages?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Colin Flood

    1975-01-01

    Reviews several studies that examine the climate of feeling surrounding training courses for college teachers and the general social atmosphere of the job into which the trainee is being initiated. (JT)

  14. Trustees: What One President Wants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sellinger, Joseph A.

    1975-01-01

    Loyola College President discusses criteria for selection of trustees suggesting each be chosen for his aid in one of three functions: fund raising, institutional management, or development of institutional purpose. (JT)

  15. Discretionary Review by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission: Is It Necessary?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Robert D.

    1974-01-01

    Deficiencies in the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSAHRC), a court system created to carry out adjudicatory functions under the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, are exposed and alternative solutions offered. (JT)

  16. Cool's Clams Casino

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobey, Paul; Williams, David E.

    1977-01-01

    A mathematical game that reinforces basic multiplication facts, strengthens concepts of factors and multiples, and also provides arithmetic drill is described. Four variations of the game are also provided. (JT)

  17. Lambert-Eaton Syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... References Evoli A, Vincent A. Disorders of neuromuscular transmission. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil ... 422. Sanders DB, Guptill JT. Disorders of neuromuscular transmission. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy ...

  18. Continuing Legal Education: Should It Be Compulsory?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leete, Burt A.

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the possibility of compulsory legal education, examining recent experience of the accounting profession with mandatory continuing education, and presenting results of a survey of 400 lawyers which indicated no consensus on the subject. (JT)

  19. The Vo-Ag Spring Educational Trip

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fanning, T. D.

    1977-01-01

    A vocational agriculture teacher discusses values, planning procedures, and logistics of an annual 6-day trip in which 40 Future Farmers of America (FFA) members visit farms, ranches, agribusiness units, and other points of interest to rural oriented youth. (JT)

  20. Study on a Miniature Mixed-gases Joule-Thomson Cooler Driven by an Oil-lubricated Mini-compressor for 120 K Temperature Ranges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gong, M. Q.; Wu, J. F.; Yan, B.; Zou, X.; Zhuang, X. R.; Hu, Q. G.

    In this paper, a miniature J-T cooler using multicomponent mixtures was developed and tested, in which an oil-lubricated mini-compressor was used. Experimental tests on the performance of the miniature J-T cooler were carried out with two kinds of recuperative heat exchangers. One is a shell-and-tube heat exchanger, and the other is a plate-fin type recuperative heat exchanger with whereas a micro-channel configuration fabricated by the wire-electrode cutting method. The former one gave a no-load minimum temperature of 140 K, while the later one showsbetter performance. No-load minimum temperature of 110 K and about 4 W cooling capacity at 118 K were achieved with the plate-fin micro J-T cooler. Such miniature J-T coolers driven by oil-lubricated mini-compressors show good prospects in many applications.

  1. Periodontitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... your dentist if you have signs of gum disease. Prevention Good oral hygiene is the best way to prevent periodontitis. This includes thorough tooth brushing and flossing, and regular professional dental cleaning. Preventing and treating ... References Amsterdam JT. ...

  2. Academic Interest Rates and Grade Inflation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, James F.

    1975-01-01

    Traces the causes and effects of the devaluation of honors grades over the past fifteen years noting particularly effects on transcripts and grades as a means of exchange and suggesting faculty responsibility for restoration of academic standards. (JT)

  3. Test results after refurbish of cryogenic system for smiles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Otsuka, Kiyomi; Tsunematsu, Shoji; Okabayashi, Akinobu; Narasaki, Katsuhiro; Satoh, Ryota

    2010-09-01

    Superconducting Sub-millimeter-wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES) is to be operated aboard the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) of the International Space Station (ISS) in 2009. SMILES uses two superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixers for sub-millimeter-wave atmospheric observation and they are cooled to 4 K levels by a cryogenic system with a two-stage Stirling cooler, a Joule-Thomson (JT) cycle cooler and a cryostat composed of three stages. Two-stage Stirling cooler precools the JT circuit and also cools radiation shields in the cryostat. JT circuit has three tube-in-tube type heat exchangers and an orifice for JT expansion in the cryostat. The cryogenic system is built, tested and delivered.

  4. Gingivostomatitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... children. It may occur after infection with the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), which also causes ... Livingstone; 2015:chap 174. Schiffer JT, Corey L. Herpes simplex virus. In: Bennett JE, ed. Mandell, Douglas, and ...

  5. A Novel Differentiation Therapy Approach to Reduce the Metastatic Potential of Basal, Highly Metastatic, Triple-Negative Breast Cancers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    cancer metastasis to the lung and in 8 tissue remodeling ( Erler et al., 2006; Erler et al., 2009), we investigated whether the dramatic reduction in...a col-I-enriched fibrotic environment. Cancer Res. 70:5706-5716. Erler JT, Giaccia AJ (2006). Lysyl oxidase mediates hypoxic control of metastasis...Cancer Res. 66:10238- 10241. Erler JT, Bennewith KL, Cox TR, Lang G, Bird D, Koong A, eta/. (2009). Hypoxia-induced lysyl oxidase is a critical

  6. Prevention of Football Injuries: A Review of the Literature

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    prophylactic double upright knee orthosis by Division I collegiate football players from the Iowa State University during the period of 1979 to...Jt Dis 59(4):201-210. 36. Brodersen, M.P., Symanowski, J.T. 1993. “Use of a double upright knee orthosis prophylactically to decrease...Prophylactic double upright knee orthosis Brace=503 Non brace=273 - Overall knee injury: nonbraced: 44% braced: 26% - Knee injury severity (time

  7. 77 FR 16916 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney (PW)Turbofan Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ... engine models. We agree. In addition to the JT9D-7R4G2 and -7R4H1 engines, the NPRM (76 FR 72348... chapter 05 of the PW engine manual. We do not agree. We removed the JT9D-7R4E1 and -7R4E1H engine models... 16, 2012. Peter A. White, Manager, Engine & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification...

  8. Transport Properties of Sulfonated Poly (Styrene-b-isobutylene-b-styrene) Triblock Copolymers at High Ion-Exchange Capacities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-10-20

    2-propanol (Burdick & Jackson, HPLC Grade), cyclohexanone (Aldrich, reagent grade), butanol (J.T. Baker, reagent grade), and water (J.T. Baker, HPLC...explored. S-SIBS-29 was solution cast from a number of different solvents: chloroform, methylene chloride, THF, cyclo- hexanol, benzene, cyclohexanone ...styrene ) × 100 (1) 400 Elabd et al. Macromolecules, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2006 48 h. S-SIBS-29 was solution-cast from cyclohexanone and cylohexanol with

  9. US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, , 01/03/1984

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    2011-04-14

    ... {.] :. 1,It , h"r t '; R'l',t Add tl;c lul1ulIl,1& Lltflli .tld j,,!(ul"o! 1'('JlllJ6Cd t.1"'1~· at tilt· IlldII..:Jt,,' pLh'" {Jt let' ';Il'enh(lII9" " (lut,jo.:r Ol'.;\\'h-•. '-Il-t) .In the ... ...

  10. Aviation Fuel Lubricity Evaluation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-07-01

    cracking and subsequent fracture. The Pesco gear fuel pump in the JT-4 engine and the Chandler Evans gear fuel pump in the JT-3D engine also...TABLE 5 BOCLE ROUND-ROBIN I PARTICIPANTS Bendix Sundstrand US Navy US Air Force Chandler Evans Pratt & Whitney - East Hartford Exxon - USA Pratt...Research & Engineering X Naval Air Propulsion Center X X Esso Petroleum X Sundstrand X Lucas X Chandler Evans X Southwest Research Institute X Mountain

  11. Local Structure of La1-xSrxCoO3 determined from EXAFS and neutron PDF studies

    SciTech Connect

    Sundaram, N.; Jiang, Y.; Anderson, I. E.; Belanger, D. P.; Booth, C. H.; Bridges, F.; Mitchell, J. F.; Proffen, Th.; Zheng, H.

    2009-01-26

    The combined local structure techniques, extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and neutron pair distribution function analysis, have been used for temperatures 4<= T<= 330 K to rule out a large Jahn-Teller (JT) distortion of the Co-O bond in La1?xSrxCoO3 for a significant fraction of Co sites (x<= 0.35), indicating few, if any, JT-active, singly occupied eg Co sites exist.

  12. Narrow Complex Tachycardia: What is the Mechanism?

    PubMed

    Refaat, Marwan M; Scheinman, Melvin; Badhwar, Nitish

    2016-03-01

    This article presents a diagnostic dilemma in which atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) and junctional tachycardia (JT) were differentiated based on tachycardia initiation with atrial extrastimulus as well as on the response to progressive decremental atrial extrastimuli. The progressive increase in A2H2' and H2H2' in response to atrial extrastimuli favors reentry as the mechanism of the tachycardia. This is a novel mechanistic differentiation of AVNRT from focal JT.

  13. A cryogenic heat exchanger with bypass and throttling and its thermodynamic analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, X.; Liu, D. L.; Wang, L. Y.; Shen, J.; Gan, Z. H.

    2015-12-01

    A precooled Joule-Thomson (J-T) cooler refrigerates at liquid helium temperature. Its third stage heat exchanger works below 20 K. Hot fluid cannot be sufficiently cooled due to nonidealism of the heat exchanger and helium-4 properties. In a J-T cycle of low pressure ratio, the heat exchanger with bypass and throttling improves the refrigeration capacity. Bypass and throttling reduces the temperature difference and entropy generation within the heat exchanger.

  14. Joule-Thomson Expander Without Check Valves

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chan, C. K.; Gatewood, J. R.

    1989-01-01

    Cooling effected by bidirectional, reciprocating flow of gas. Type of Joule-Thomson (J-T) expander for cryogenic cooling requires no check valves to prevent reverse flow of coolant. More reliable than conventional J-T expander, containing network of check valves, each potential source of failure. Gas flows alternately from left to right and right to left. Heat load cooled by evaporation of liquid from left or right compartment, whichever at lower pressure.

  15. Gate control of ferromagnetic insulating phase in lightly-doped La0.875Sr0.125MnO3-δ film

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuang, H.; Wang, J.; Hu, F. X.; Zhao, Y. Y.; Liu, Y.; Wu, R. R.; Sun, J. R.; Shen, B. G.

    2016-02-01

    The electric field effect on the lightly doped La0.875Sr0.125MnO3-δ (LSMO) thin film in electric double-layer transistors was investigated by measuring transport properties of the film under various gate voltages. It was found that the positive gate bias leads to an increase of the charge-orbital ordering (COO) transition temperature and a decrease of the Curie temperature TC, indicating the suppression of ferromagnetic metal (FMM) phases and preference of COO/ferromagnetic insulator (FMI) with the hole depletion by gate bias. Such different electric field effects can be ascribed to the weakening of the ferromagnetic interaction and enhancement of Jahn-Teller (JT) distortion caused by the transformation of JT inactive Mn4+-ions to JT active Mn3+-ions. Moreover, a step-like increase in the high temperature region of the ρ-T curve, which is related to the transition of cooperative JT distortion, was found to develop with increasing the positive bias, indicating that the cooperative JT distorted phase is stabilized by the depletion of holes in LSMO film. These results demonstrate that the modulation of holes via electric field strongly affects the balance between energy gains of different interactions and thus produce different effects on the competing FMI, FMM, and cooperative JT distorted phases in LSMO film.

  16. Hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome in Roma families from Portugal is due to a founder mutation of the HRPT2 gene.

    PubMed

    Cavaco, Branca M; Guerra, Laura; Bradley, Karin J; Carvalho, Davide; Harding, Brian; Oliveira, Amélia; Santos, Maria-Amparo; Sobrinho, Luís G; Thakker, Rajesh V; Leite, Valeriano

    2004-04-01

    The hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor (HPT-JT) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the occurrence of parathyroid tumors and ossifying jaw fibromas. The gene causing HPT-JT, HRPT2, is located on chromosome 1q31.2 and consists of 17 exons that encode a 531-amino acid protein, designated parafibromin. We recently identified six Roma families in Portugal with 56 members (11 affected and 45 asymptomatic), who had the HPT-JT syndrome. We postulated that they may have a common ancestor and that the HPT-JT syndrome may be due to a mutation of the HRPT2 gene. Haplotype analysis using 14 chromosome 1q24-q32 polymorphic markers showed that the 11 affected individuals shared a common haplotype defined by seven markers that spanned an approximately 12.5-cM region, flanked centromerically by D1S202 and telomerically by D1S306. DNA sequence analysis identified a 2-bp (TG or GT) frameshift deletion in exon 8, which predicts a truncated parafibromin protein, in all 11 affected individuals. This mutation was also found in 19 unaffected individuals (age range, 12-74 yr) who shared the affected haplotype, suggesting a low age-related penetrance for HPT-JT in these families. Thus, the HPT-JT syndrome in six Roma families from Portugal is due to a novel founder mutation in the HRPT2 gene.

  17. SU-E-T-187: Feasibility Study of Stereotactic Liver Radiation Therapy Using Multiple Divided Partial Arcs in Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Y; Ozawa, S; Tsegmed, U; Nakashima, T; Shintaro, T; Ochi, Y; Kawahara, D; Kimura, T; Nagata, Y

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To verify volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) using flattening filter free (FFF) mode with jaw tracking (JT) feature for single breath hold as long as 15 s per arc in liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) against intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) FFF-JT. Methods: Ten hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases were planned with 10 MV FFF using Pinnacle3 treatment planning system which delivered by TrueBeam to administer 48 Gy/ 4 fractions. Eight non-coplanar beams were assigned to IMRT using step-and-shoot technique. For VMAT, two or three non-coplanar partial arcs (up to 180 degrees) were further divided into subarcs with gantry rotation less than 80 degrees to limit delivery time within 15 s. Dose distributions were verified using OCTAVIUS II system and pass rates were evaluated using gamma analysis with criteria of 3%/3 mm at threshold of 5% to the maximum dose. The actual irradiation time was measured. Results: The VMAT-FFF-JT of partial-arcs with sub-divided arcs was able to produce a highly conformal plan as well as IMRT-FFF-JT. Isodose lines and DVH showed slight improvement in dosimetry when JT was employed for both IMRT and VMAT. Consequently, VMAT-FFF-JT was superior in reducing the dose to liver minus gross tumor volume. VMAT-FFF-JT has shorter total treatment time compared with 3D conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) FFF because the gantry was rotated simultaneously with the beam delivery in VMAT. Moreover, due to the small and regular shape of HCC, VMAT-FFF-JT offered less multileaf collimator motion, thus the interplay effect is expected to be reduced. The patient specific QA of IMRT and VMAT acquired the pass rates higher than 90%. Conclusion: VMAT-FFF-JT could be a promising technique for liver SBRT as the sub-divided arcs method was able to accommodate a single breath hold irradiation time of less than 15 s without deterioration of the dose distribution compared with IMRT-FFF-JT.

  18. Janis–Newman Algorithm: Generating Rotating and NUT Charged Black Holes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erbin, Harold

    2017-03-01

    In this review we present the most general form of the Janis--Newman algorithm. This extension allows to generate configurations which contain all bosonic fields with spin less than or equal to two (real and complex scalar fields, gauge fields, metric field) and with five of the six parameters of the Pleba\\'nski-Demia\\'nski metric (mass, electric charge, magnetic charge, NUT charge and angular momentum). Several examples are included to illustrate the algorithm. We also discuss the extension of the algorithm to other dimensions.

  19. Electronic structure of the interstitial lithium-associated electron trap in crystalline quartz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, T. M.; Weil, J. A.; Rao, P. S.

    1986-10-01

    A new, paramagnetic (S=1/2) defect, designated the [SiO4/Li]0 center, consisting of an interstitial lithium "atom," recently has been observed by Jani, Halliburton, and Halperin

    [Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1392 (1986)]
    in irradiated α-quartz. A model for this defect has been developed utilizing ab initio self-consistent-field, electronic-structure calculations. In this model, the interstitial lithium nucleus lies on a crystal twofold axis passing through two adjacent silicon ions, and has a nearly neutral charge but very low spin density. The properties calculated using this model are consistent with all the available experimental information for this defect.

  20. Rotating regular black hole solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdujabbarov, Ahmadjon

    2016-07-01

    Based on the Newman-Janis algorithm, the Ayón-Beato-García spacetime metric [Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 5056 (1998)] of the regular spherically symmetric, static, and charged black hole has been converted into rotational form. It is shown that the derived solution for rotating a regular black hole is regular and the critical value of the electric charge for which two horizons merge into one sufficiently decreases in the presence of the nonvanishing rotation parameter a of the black hole.

  1. An Experimental Study of Thrust Augmenting Ejectors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    A , AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THRUST AUG’XENTING EJECTORS THESIS William D. Lewis Captain 11. S. Army AFIT/GAE/Ai/83D- 13 1 DTIC Li~i ELECTE JANI...83D-13 AN LEPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THRUST AUG-M..TING EJECTORS "l•HSIS William D. Levis Captain U. S. Army AF1T/GAAE/AA/$3D- 13 ’jK Approved for public...release; distribution unliaited I V .,, AFIT/GAE/AA/83D- 13 AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THRUST AUGMENTING EJECTORS THESIS Presented to *he Faculty of the

  2. Quantifying the Effects of Higher Order Jahn-Teller Coupling Terms on a Quadratic Jahn-Teller Hamiltonian in the Case of NO_3 and Li_3.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tran, Henry; Stanton, John F.; Miller, Terry A.

    2016-06-01

    The Jahn-Teller (JT) effect represents an enormous complication in the understanding of many molecules. We have been able to assign ˜20 vibronic bands in the tilde{A}^2E'' ← tilde{X}^2A_2' transition of NO_3 and determine the linear and quadratic JT coupling terms for ν_3 and ν_4, indicating strong and weak JT coupling along these modes respectively. It was found that the experimental results quantitatively disagree with ones determined from a vibronic Hamiltonian based on high-level ab-initio theory. Typical analyses of experimental data use the quadratic JT Hamiltonian because limited measured levels tend to allow fitting only to coupling terms up to quadratic JT coupling. Hence, these analyses may neglect key contributions from cubic and quartic terms. To quantify this limitation, we have fit artificial spectra calculated with up to fourth order terms in the potential using a quadratic JT Hamiltonian and analyzed the results. The parameters chosen for this analysis are determined from ab-initio potentials for the tilde{A} state of NO_3 and tilde{X} state of Li_3 to gain further insight on these molecules. Our initial results concerning the limitations of the quadratic JT Hamiltonian will be presented. T. Codd, M.-W. Chen, M. Roudjane, J. F. Stanton, and T. A. Miller. Jet cooled cavity ringdown spectroscopy of the tilde{A}^2E'' ← tilde{X}^2A'_2 Transition of the NO_3 Radical. J. Chem. Phys., 142:184305, 2015

  3. Experimental study of a mixed refrigerant Joule-Thomson cryocooler using a commercial air-conditioning scroll compressor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Jisung; Lee, Kyungsoo; Jeong, Sangkwon

    2013-05-01

    Mixed refrigerant Joule-Thomson (MR J-T) cryocoolers have been used to create cryogenic temperatures and are simple, efficient, cheap, and durable. However, compressors for MR J-T cryocoolers still require optimization. As the MR J-T cryocooler uses a commercial scroll compressor developed for air-conditioning systems, compressor overheating due to the use of less optimized refrigerants may not be negligible, and could cause compressor malfunction due to burn-out of scroll tip seals. Therefore, in the present study, the authors propose procedures to optimize compressor operation to avoid the overheating issue when the MR J-T cryocooler is used with a commercial oil lubricated scroll compressor, and the present experimental results obtained for a MR J-T cryocooler. A single stage 1.49 kW (2 HP) scroll compressor designed for R22 utilizing a mixture of nitrogen and hydrocarbons was used in the present study. As was expected, compressor overheating and irreversible high temperatures at a compressor discharge port were found at the beginning of compressor operation, which is critical, and hence, the authors used a water injection cooling system for the compressor to alleviate temperature overshooting. In addition, a portion of refrigerant in the high-pressure stream was by-passed into the compressor suction port. This allowed an adequate compression ratio, prevented excessive temperature increases at the compressor discharge, and eventually enabled the MR J-T cryocooler to operate stably at 121 K. The study shows that commercial oil lubricated scroll compressors can be used for MR J-T cryocooling systems if care is exercised to avoid compressor overheating.

  4. Pressure drop characteristics of cryogenic mixed refrigerant at macro and micro channel heat exchangers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baek, Seungwhan; Jeong, Sangkwon; Hwang, Gyuwan

    2012-12-01

    Mixed Refrigerant-Joule Thomson (MR-JT) refrigerators are widely used in various kinds of cryogenic systems these days. The temperature glide effect is one of the major features of using mixed refrigerants since a recuperative heat exchanger in a MR-JT refrigerator is utilized for mostly two-phase flow. Although a pressure drop estimation for a multi-phase and multi-component fluid in the cryogenic temperature range is necessarily required in MR-JT refrigerator heat exchanger designs, it has been rarely discussed so far. In this paper, macro heat exchangers and micro heat exchangers are compared in order to investigate the pressure drop characteristics in the experimental MR-JT refrigerator operation. The tube in tube heat exchanger (TTHE) is a well-known macro-channel heat exchanger in MR-JT refrigeration. Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers (PCHEs) have been developed as a compact heat exchanger with micro size channels. Several two-phase pressure drop correlations are examined to discuss the experimental pressure measurement results. The result of this paper shows that cryogenic mixed refrigerant pressure drop can be estimated with conventional two-phase pressure drop correlations if an appropriate flow pattern is identified.

  5. Comparative Expression Analyses of Pro- versus Anti-Inflammatory Mediators within Synovium of Patients with Joint Trauma, Osteoarthritis, and Rheumatoid Arthritis

    PubMed Central

    Shaqura, Mohammed; John, Thilo; Likar, Rudolf; Ebied, Reham Said; Schäfer, Michael

    2017-01-01

    Synovial injury and healing are complex processes including catabolic effects by proinflammatory cytokines and anabolic processes by anti-inflammatory mediators. Here we examined the expression of pro- versus anti-inflammatory mediators in synovium of patients with diagnostic arthroscopy (control), joint trauma (JT), osteoarthritis (OA), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Synovial samples from these patients were subjected to RT-PCR and double immunofluorescence confocal microscopy of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators as well as immune cell markers. Interestingly, pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators were expressed predominantly in granulocytes in patients with JT and in macrophages, lymphocytes, and plasma cells in patients with OA and RA. Interestingly, parallel to the severity of inflammation, proinflammatory mediators IL-1β, TNF-α, and 5-LOX specific mRNA as well as immunoreactive (IR) cells were significantly more abundant in patients with RA and JT than in those with OA. However, anti-inflammatory mediators 15-LOX, FPR2, and IL-10 specific mRNA as well as IR cells were significantly more abundant in patients with OA than in those with JT and RA. These findings show that upregulation of proinflammatory mediators contributes to the predominantly catabolic inflammatory process in JT and RA synovium, whereas upregulation of anabolic anti-inflammatory mediators counteracts inflammation resulting in the inferior inflammatory process in OA synovium. PMID:28316377

  6. Density functional theory study of the multimode Jahn-Teller problem in the open-shell corannulenes and coronenes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andjelković, Ljubica; Gruden-Pavlović, Maja; Zlatar, Matija

    2015-10-01

    Analysis of the multimode Jahn-Teller (JT) distortion in anions and cations of corannulene and coronene is presented, combining multideterminantal-DFT (MD-DFT) and Intrinsic Distortion Path (IDP) methods. The JT distortion is derived from the sum of contributions of all possible JT active normal modes. The Csbnd C stretching modes play the most important role in the stabilization of the systems, in all investigated species, pushing the nuclei toward the minima on the potential energy surface. The further inspection of the IDP revealed that the relaxation of the geometry arrives in the final part of the path and is encountered by the softest vibrational modes. The same trend was observed in cyclopentadienyl radical, benzene anion, benzene cation and fullerene ions. This gives microscopic origin into the mechanism of the distortion and provides general behavior of the JT effect in these similar molecules. Moreover, MD-DFT and IDP, as fast and fully non-empirical approaches, can be considered as a reliable tool for better understanding of the JT effect.

  7. An analysis of ionospheric dayglow from observations of the Naval Postgraduate School Middle Ultraviolet Spectrograph (MUSTANG)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marron, Antony C.

    1993-12-01

    Middle ultraviolet spectra of the atmospheric airglow were obtained from a March 1992 rocket flight of the NPS MUSTANG instrument. These spectra are analyzed from 1900 to 3100 A, over an altitude range of 100 to 320 km. The data are modeled with computer generated synthetic spectra for the following emissions: N2 Vegard Kaplan (VK); N2 Lyman - Birge - Hopfield (LBH); and NO gamma, delta, and epsilon bands. A best fit procedure was developed. The resulting synthetic spectra agree well with obtained airglow data. Confirmation was made of the theoretical self absorption versus non-self absorption processes of the NO (0,0), (1,0), and (2,0) gamma resonance band emissions. NO self absorption is a necessary inclusion of any atmospheric nitric oxide analysis stratagem. Profiles of temperature versus altitude and NO column density versus altitude for the rocket flight are estimated.

  8. An analysis of middle ultraviolet dayglow spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walden, Billie S.

    1991-12-01

    Middle ultraviolet spectra from 1800 to 3400A are analyzed. These spectra were obtained from the March 1990 rocket flight of the NPS MUSTANG instrument over the altitudes 105km to 315km. The data were compared with computer generated synthetic spectra. A least squares fitting procedure was developed for this purpose. Each data point was weighted using the standard deviation of the means. Synthetic spectra were generated for the following emissions: N2 Vegard-Kaphan; N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield; NO gamma, delta, and epsilon; OI 2972A, OII 2470A; and NII 2143A. Altitude profiles for the emissions were obtained. Tentative identification was made of the OIII 2853A emission. A comparison of VK and LBH profiles demonstrates the process of N2 A-state quenching by atomic oxygen.

  9. New observations of molecular nitrogen in the Martian upper atmosphere by IUVS on MAVEN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevens, M. H.; Evans, J. S.; Schneider, N. M.; Stewart, A. I. F.; Deighan, J.; Jain, S. K.; Crismani, M.; Stiepen, A.; Chaffin, M. S.; McClintock, W. E.; Holsclaw, G. M.; Lefèvre, F.; Lo, D. Y.; Clarke, J. T.; Montmessin, F.; Bougher, S. W.; Jakosky, B. M.

    2015-11-01

    We identify molecular nitrogen (N2) emissions in the Martian upper atmosphere using the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) on NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) mission. We report the first observations of the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) bands at Mars and confirm the tentative identification of the N2 Vegard-Kaplan (VK) bands. We retrieve N2 density profiles from the VK limb emissions and compare calculated limb radiances between 90 and 210 km against both observations and predictions from a Mars general circulation model (GCM). Contrary to earlier analyses using other satellite data, we find that N2 abundances exceed GCM results by about a factor of 2 at 130 km but are in agreement at 150 km. The analysis and interpretation are enabled by a linear regression method used to extract components of UV spectra from IUVS limb observations.

  10. Townes Group Activities from 1983-2000: Personal Recollections of William Danchi

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Danchi, William C.

    2015-01-01

    I arrived in Berkeley in October 1983 as a post-doc, and my appointment was at the Space Sciences Laboratory (SSL). During that time the group was very large, with multiple activities led by Charlie himself and also by Senior Fellows such as John Lacy, Dan Jaffe, and Al Betz at the top of the hill at Space Sciences. Another significant contingent of the Townes group was housed in Birge Hall on campus, led by Reinhard Genzel when he was an Assistant Professor in the Physics Department. Although the group encompassed two separate locations, it functioned as one large group. Either we rode with Charlie up and down the hill, or (if we were concerned about our safety!) we took the bus.

  11. Primary results from the Berkeley EUV airglow rocket spectrometer: O I and N2 FUV/EUV dayglow in the thermosphere and lower exosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cotton, Daniel M.; Chakrabarti, Supriya; Gladstone, G. Randall

    1993-01-01

    The Berkeley extreme-ultraviolet airglow rocket spectrometer (BEARS) made spectroscopic measurements of far and extreme UV, atomic oxygen emissions from a Black Brandt XII (12.041 WT) sounding rocket launched from Wallops Island, Virginia, on September 30, 1988. BEARS' primary instrument, a near-normal Rowland mount spectrometer, measured several atomix oxygen and molecular nitrogen dayglow features at high spectral resolution (1.5 A): O I (989, 1027, 1304, and 1356 A); and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (4, 0) and (3, 0) bands at 1325 and 1354 A. The instrument collected over 800 s of data spanning altitudes of 150 - 963 km with look directions between 95 deg and 125 deg from zenith. We have analyzed the data using electrons and radiative transport models in a forward modeling approach. The model and data are generally in good agreement. However, there are some discrepancies, which are discussed in terms of remote sensing capabilities and improvements to the models.

  12. Analysis of ionospheric dayglow from observations of the Naval postgraduate school middle ultraviolet spectrograph (MUSTANG). Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Marron, A.C.

    1993-12-01

    Middle ultraviolet spectra of the atmospheric airglow were obtained from a March 1992 rocket flight of the NPS MUSTANG instrument. These spectra are analyzed from 1900 A to 3100 A, over an altitude range of 100 km to 320 km. The data are modeled with computer generated synthetic spectra for the following emissions: N2 Vegard Kaplan (VK); N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH); and NO Gamma, Delta, and Epsilon bands. A best fit procedure was developed. The resulting synthetic spectra agree well with obtained airglow data. Confirmation was made of the theoretical self absorption versus non-self absorption processes of the NO (0,0), (1,0), (2,0) gamma resonance band emissions. NO self absorption is a necessary inclusion of any atmospheric nitric oxide analysis stratagem. Profiles of temperature versus altitude and NO column density versus altitude for the rocket flight are estimated. Airglow, Ionosphere, Ultraviolet spectroscopy.

  13. Groupthink, Bay of Pigs, and Watergate Reconsidered.

    PubMed

    Raven

    1998-02-01

    Irving Janis's concept of groupthink can be seen in the context of our on-again-off-again love affair with groups. Group decisions have often been seen as offering the benefits of collective wisdom, but may also lead to disastrous consequences. Groupthink then focuses on the negative effects of erroneous group decisions. Two major examples of groupthink are reexamined and compared: the disastrous Bay of Pigs decision by the elite advisory group of President Kennedy, and the advisory groups of President Nixon, which led to the Watergate disaster and at unsuccessful attempts to cover up. In both, it is suggested there was a "runaway norm," escalation and polarization with the norm being to exceed other members of the group in taking more extreme and unrestrained actions against an "enemy." While Janis seems to suggest that groupthink will ultimately lead the group to fail in its ultimate endeavors, we need to consider the frightening possibility that in the case of the Nixon group, the group actions came close to being successful. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  14. "Bipolar groupthink": assessing groupthink tendencies in authentic work groups.

    PubMed

    Rosander, M; Stiwne, D; Granström, K

    1998-06-01

    Research on regressive group processes such as Janis' (1982) "groupthink" phenomenon has rarely focused on work groups in authentic settings. In this study, teams from six different organisations (n = 308) were studied by using a groupthink questionnaire constructed in accordance with the symptoms of groupthink described by Janis. It was hypothesised that groupthink could be described as a bipolar construct identifying either an omnipotent or a depressive variant of a group's delusions about its own and other groups' features. The questionnaire showed reasonably good reliability as a whole and a factor analysis identified three factors in line with the proposed theoretical model in which the two different types of groupthink can be distinguished. We propose that any group might have a tendency or predisposition to react in either of the two directions during provocative circumstances. The six different organisations exhibited different types of groupthink to a varying degree. A religious sect was the one most characterised by omnipotent groupthink, while a technological company and a psychiatric team seemed to be the ones with most features of depressive groupthink.

  15. Time delay and magnification centroid due to gravitational lensing by black holes and naked singularities

    SciTech Connect

    Virbhadra, K. S.; Keeton, C. R.

    2008-06-15

    We model the massive dark object at the center of the Galaxy as a Schwarzschild black hole as well as Janis-Newman-Winicour naked singularities, characterized by the mass and scalar charge parameters, and study gravitational lensing (particularly time delay, magnification centroid, and total magnification) by them. We find that the lensing features are qualitatively similar (though quantitatively different) for Schwarzschild black holes, weakly naked, and marginally strongly naked singularities. However, the lensing characteristics of strongly naked singularities are qualitatively very different from those due to Schwarzschild black holes. The images produced by Schwarzschild black hole lenses and weakly naked and marginally strongly naked singularity lenses always have positive time delays. On the other hand, strongly naked singularity lenses can give rise to images with positive, zero, or negative time delays. In particular, for a large angular source position the direct image (the outermost image on the same side as the source) due to strongly naked singularity lensing always has a negative time delay. We also found that the scalar field decreases the time delay and increases the total magnification of images; this result could have important implications for cosmology. As the Janis-Newman-Winicour metric also describes the exterior gravitational field of a scalar star, naked singularities as well as scalar star lenses, if these exist in nature, will serve as more efficient cosmic telescopes than regular gravitational lenses.

  16. Final report of APMP.T-S7: APMP regional comparison of Co-C eutectic melting point using Pt/Pd thermocouples

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Y.-G.; Wei, Z.; Ogura, H.; Jahan, F.; Singh, Y. P.

    2016-01-01

    A regional supplementary comparison on the Co-C eutectic point (1324 °C in ITS-90) was carried out in APMP involving five NMIs: KRISS (Korea), NIM (China), NMIJ (Japan), NMIA (Australia) and NPLI (India). The comparison was done through a round robin style with two Pt/Pd thermocouples having greatly different thermoelectric inhomogeneity (± 0.0196 % and ± 0.132 % at 1324 °C), which were made by the pilot laboratory (KRISS). Both were calibrated twice, before and after the circulation by the pilot laboratory. As a reference value, the weighted mean was adopted since the Birge ration criterion was safely satisfied. The participants were asked to supply the temperature profile of the furnace used to realize the Co-C point in order to estimate the uncertainty due to thermoelectric inhomogeneity. Results from all laboratories were consistent with the reference value within the calculated uncertainties. Birge number of 0.2 to 0.3 and En number less than 0.5 were obtained, meaning that the comparison successfully demonstrated the use of Pt/Pd thermocouple to compare the calibration capabilities of participating laboratories at the melting temperature of Co-C eutectic point regardless of the amount of thermoelectric inhomogeneity. It was verified that the calibration uncertainty level of {(0.2 °C ~ 0.3 °C) + ucell} (k = 2) can be obtained at the Co-C eutectic melting point by means of Pt/Pd thermocouple having a small inhomogeneity of about 0.02 %. Main text To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCT, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

  17. Effect of dynamics on the elastic softening of vacancies in Si

    SciTech Connect

    Shirai, Koun; Ishisada, Jun

    2014-02-21

    Recently, elastic softening at temperatures below 20 K has been observed in nondoped floating zone silicon. From the experimental analysis, it has been suggested that this softening is caused by an intrinsic vacancy defect through the Jahn-Teller (JT) effect. We have theoretically studied the relations between softening and the vacancies. The ground state of the JT distortion is stiff. However, by considering atomistic dynamical and anharmonic effects, it is found that low-energy excitations exist in the E-mode distortion and that different polarizations of the E-distortion can be easily interchanged. The calculated energy barriers for the reorientation of JT distortions are consistent with other experiments and calculations. This low-lying mode can be the cause of softening in the elastic responses.

  18. Operating Modes and Cooling Capabilities of the 3-Stage ADR Developed for the Soft-X-Ray Spectrometer Instrument on Astro-H

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shirron, Peter J.; Kimball, Mark O.; James, Bryan L.; Muench, Theo; DiPirro, Michael J.; Letmate, Richard V.; Sampson, Michael A.; Bialas, Tom G.; Sneiderman, Gary A.; Porter, Frederick S.; Kelley, Richard L.

    2015-01-01

    A 3-stage adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator (ADR) is used on the Soft X-ray Spectrometer instrument on Astro-H to cool a 6x6 array of x-ray microcalorimeters to 50 mK. The ADR is supported by a cryogenic system consisting of a superfluid helium tank, a 4.5 K Joule-Thomson (JT) cryocooler, and additional 2-stage Stirling cryocoolers that pre-cool the JT cooler and cool radiation shields within the cryostat. The ADR is configured so that it can use either the liquid helium or the JT cryocooler as its heat sink, giving the instrument an unusual degree of tolerance for component failures or degradation in the cryogenic system. The flight detector assembly, ADR and dewar were integrated into the flight dewar in early 2014, and have since been extensively characterized and calibrated. This paper summarizes the operation and performance of the ADR in all of its operating modes

  19. Potential improvements in turbofan engine fuel economy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hines, R. W.; Gaffin, W. O.

    1976-01-01

    The method developed for initial evaluation of possible performance improvements in the NASA Aircraft Energy Efficiency Program, directed toward improving the fuel economy of turbofan engines, is outlined, and results of the evaluation of 100 candidate engine modifications are presented. The study indicates that fuel consumption improvements of as much as 5% may be possible in current JT3D, JT8D, and JT9D turbofan engines. Aerodynamic, thermodynamic, material, and structural advances are expected to yield fuel consumption improvements on the order of 10 to 15% in advanced turbofan engines, with the greatest improvement stemming from significantly higher cycle pressure ratios. Higher turbine temperature and fan bypass ratios are also expected to contribute to fuel conservation.

  20. On the integral Joule-Thomson effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maytal, B.-Z.; Shavit, A.

    In this paper, the integral inversion curve concept is developed, involving the locus of all points with a vanishing integral Joule-Thomson (J-T) effect ΔTh and isothermal enthalpy change. The structure of the ΔhT surface over the plane of ( pr,T r) is explored. The maximum isothermal J-T effect ΔhT is related to the normal boiling temperature of the gas. The correlation of the integral effect based on real gas data with a low acentric factor is compared with Van der Waals' equation of state closed form predictions. The maximum integral isenthalpic J-T effect ΔTh which does not undergo a phase change during the expansion, is studied via Van der Waals' equation of state.

  1. Joule-Thomson cryogenic cooler with extremely high thermal stability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bard, Steven; Wu, J. J.; Trimble, Curt

    1991-01-01

    An 80-K Joule-Thomson (J-T) cooling system designed for the Probe Infrared Laser Spectrometer (PIRLS) proposed for the Huygens Titan Probe of the Cassini Saturn orbiter mission is presented. The cryogenic cooling requirements of the PIRLS instrument are listed, and the cooler system design including details of a J-T cryostat, cold head, and dewar design is described along with the results of a thermal modeling effort and lab cooler performance testing. It is shown that by using active feedback temperature control of the cold head in combination with the self-regulating action of the J-T cryostat, a temperature stability of less than 0.1 mK/min is achieved by the cooler weighting 1.8 kg.

  2. Synchronization of networked Jahn-Teller systems in SQUIDs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gül, Yusuf

    2016-06-01

    We consider the nonlinear effects in a Jahn-Teller (JT) system of two coupled resonators interacting simultaneously with a flux qubit using coupled SQUIDs. A two-frequency description of JT system that inherits the networked structure of both nonlinear Josephson junctions and harmonic oscillators is employed to describe the synchronous structures in a multifrequency scheme. Eigenvalue spectrum is used to show the switch between the effective single mode and two mode configuration in terms of frequency difference. The Rabi supersplitting is investigated by the spectral response of JT systems in different coupling regimes. Second-order coherence functions are employed to investigate antibunching effects in resonator mode. Synchronous structure between correlations of privileged mode and qubit is obtained in localization-delocalization and photon blockade regime controlled by the population imbalance.

  3. Domain Derivatives in Dielectric Rough Surface Scattering

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    written as the directional derivative: φ̇(~x) = d dτ (φ · Tτ )|τ=0 = d dτ φτ (τ, ~xτ )|τ=0. (9) φ̇, as defined in (8) (or (9)), is a Gateaux differential...Ωτ φτ (~xτ ) d ~xτ be a domain functional of φτ over the perturbed domain, Ωτ . It can be written as: F (φτ ; Ω) = ∫ Ω φτ (~x+ τ ~V (~x)) |JT... d ~x. (14) 7 Approved for public release; distribution unlimited |JT | is the Jacobian matrix of Tτ , and (JT )ij = δij+Vi,j, Vi,j = ∂Vi/∂xj . Direct

  4. SU-E-T-125: Application of Jaw-Tracking Function in VMAT for Upper Thoracic Esophageal Cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, W; Chen, J; Zhai, T; Yan, L; Chen, C

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To explore the effect of the Jaw-tracking with RapidArc(JT-RapidArc) plans for upper thoracic esophageal cancer. Methods: Treatment planning was designed by using RapidArc and JT-RapidArc techniques for 11 consecutive patients. The dose-volume histogram parameters of PTV and the organs at risk(OAR), conformity index(CI), heterogeneity index(HI), low dose volume of normal tissue(B-P) and monitor units(MUs) were compared between the different techniques. Results: JT-RapidArc plans provided the better coverage of PTV1(64) D98 and HI(P<0.05), lower MLD, D2 of PTV1(64) and PTV2(54), but no statistically difference in CI(P>0.05), which comparison with RapidArc plans. Plans with JT- RapidArc had lower Lung of V5, V10, V13, V20, V30, MLD(P<0.05); heart of V20, MLD(P<0.05); and B-P of V5, V10, V15, V20, V30(P<0.05); but no significantly different in Spinal cord and SC-PRV as compared with RapidArc plans. JT-RapidArc plans increaseed the MUs by 1%(P>0.05) as compared with RapidArc plans. Conclusion: All of the plans had met the requirements of clinical dosimetry. JT-RapidArc plans as compared with RapidArc plans, showing better part of target coverage, part of OARS(lung and heart) and heart and B-P sparing, which MUs was slightly increased. This work was sponsored by Shantou University Medical College Clinical Research Enhancement Initiative(NO.201424)

  5. Analysis of turbofan engine performance deterioration and proposed follow-on tests

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sallee, G. P.; Kruckenberg, H. D.; Toomey, E. H.

    1975-01-01

    Data and engine parts on in-service JT3D and JT8D engines were analyzed and documented relative to engine deterioration. It is concluded that the fan-compressor system of these engines contributes to the long term engine deterioration. An engine test and instrumentation plan was formulated for a proposed follow-on program. The goal of this program is to verify the above conclusion and to attempt to identify more precisely which components of the fan-compressor system are at fault.

  6. Test-engine and inlet performance of an aircraft used for investigating flight effects on fan noise

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golub, R. A.; Preisser, J. S.

    1984-01-01

    As part of the NASA Flight Effects on Fan Noise Program, a Grumman OV-1B Mohawk aircraft was modified to carry a modified and instrumented Pratt & Whitney JT15D-1 turbofan engine. Onboard flight data, together with simultaneously measured farfield acoustic data, comprise a flight data base to which JT15D-1 static and wind-tunnel data are compared. The overall objective is to improve the ability to use ground-based facilities for the prediction of flight inlet radiated noise. This report describes the hardware and presents performance results for the research engine.

  7. Overview of the National Centralized Tokamak programme

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kikuchi, M.; Tamai, H.; Matsukawa, M.; Fujita, T.; Takase, Y.; Sakurai, S.; Kizu, K.; Tsuchiya, K.; Kurita, G.; Morioka, A.; Hayashi, N.; Miura, Y.; Itoh, S.; Bialek, J.; Navratil, G.; Ikeda, Y.; Fujii, T.; Kurihara, K.; Kubo, H.; Kamada, Y.; Miya, N.; Suzuki, T.; Hamamatsu, K.; Kawashima, H.; Kudo, Y.; Masaki, K.; Takahashi, H.; Takechi, M.; Akiba, M.; Okuno, K.; Ishida, S.; Ichimura, M.; Imai, T.; Hashizume; Miura, Y. M.; Horiike, H.; Kimura, A.; Tsutsui, H.; Matsuoka, M.; Uesugi, Y.; Sagara, A.; Nishimura, A.; Shimizu, A.; Sakamoto, M.; Nakamura, K.; Sato, K.; Okano, K.; Ida, K.; Shimada, H. R.; Kishimoto, Y.; Azechi, H.; Tanaka, S.; Yatsu, K.; Yoshida, N.; Inutake, M.; Fujiwara, M.; Inoue, N.; Hosogane, N.; Kuriyama, M.; Ninomiya, H.

    2006-03-01

    An overview is given of the National Centralized Tokamak (NCT) programme as a research programme for advanced tokamak research to succeed JT-60U. The mission of NCT is to establish high beta steady-state operation for DEMO and to contribute to ITER. The machine flexibility is pursued in aspect ratio and shape controllability for the demonstration of the high-β steady-state, feedback control of resistive wall modes, wide current and pressure profile control capability and also very long pulse steady-state operation. Existing JT-60 infrastructure such as the heating and current drive system, power supplies and cooling systems will be best utilized for this modification.

  8. Improved components for engine fuel savings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Antl, R. J.; Mcaulay, J. E.

    1980-01-01

    NASA programs for developing fuel saving technology include the Engine Component Improvement Project for short term improvements in existing air engines. The Performance Improvement section is to define component technologies for improving fuel efficiency for CF6, JT9D and JT8D turbofan engines. Sixteen concepts were developed and nine were tested while four are already in use by airlines. If all sixteen concepts are successfully introduced the gain will be fuel savings of more than 6 billion gallons over the lifetime of the engines. The improvements include modifications in fans, mounts, exhaust nozzles, turbine clearance and turbine blades.

  9. NASA/Pratt and Whitney experimental clean combustor program: Engine test results

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roberts, R.; Fiorentino, A. J.; Greene, W.

    1977-01-01

    A two-stage vorbix (vortex burning and mixing) combustor and associated fuel system components were successfully tested in an experimental JT9D engine at steady-state and transient operating conditions, using ASTM Jet-A fuel. Full-scale JT9D experimental engine tests were conducted in a phase three aircraft experimental clean combustor program. The low-pollution combustor, fuel system, and fuel control concepts were derived from phase one and phase two programs in which several combustor concepts were evaluated, refined, and optimized in a component test rig. Significant pollution reductions were achieved with the combustor which meets the performance, operating, and installation requirements of the engine.

  10. Spring-Loaded Joule-Thomson Valve

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, J. A.; Britcliffe, M. J.

    1986-01-01

    Improved design reduces clogging and maintains constant pressure drop as flow rate varies. Spring-Loaded Joule-Thomson Valve pressure drop regulated by spring pushing stainless-steel ball against soft brass seat. Pressure drop remains nearly constant, regardless of helium flow rate and of any gas contaminants frozen on valve seat. Because springloaded J-T valve maintains constant pressure drop, upstream roomtemperature throttle valve adjusts flow rate precisely for any given upstream pressure. In addition, new valve relatively invulnerable to frozen gas contaminants, which clog fixed-orifice J-T valves.

  11. Nacelle Aerodynamic and Inertial Loads (NAIL) project. Appendix B

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    The testing was conducted on the Boeing-owned 747 RA001 test bed airplane during the concurrent 767/JT9D-7R4 engine development program. Following a functional check flight conducted from Boeing Field International (BFI) on 3 October 1980, the airplane and test personnel were ferried to Valley Industrial Park (GSG) near Glasgow, Montana, on 7 October 1980. The combined NAL and 7670JT9D-7R4 test flights were conducted at the Glasgow remote test site, and the airplane was returned to Seattle on 26 October 1980.

  12. Gluatamic Acid Decarboxylase Activity Decreases in Mouse Neocortex after Lesions of the Basal Forebrain.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-12-22

    J.T., Price, D.L. and DeLong, M.R., Alzheimer’s disease : a disorder of cortical cholinergic innervation. Science, 219(1983) 1184-1190. 4. Crutcher, K.A...Iversen, L.L., Reynolds, G.P., Mountjoy, C.Q. and Roth, M., Neurochemical characteristics of early and late onset types of Alzheimer’s disease , Brit...Rev., 2 (1980) 295-316. 29. Whitehouse, P.J., Price, D. L., Struble, R.G., Clark, A.W., Coyle, J.T. and DeLong. M.R., Alzheimer’s disease and senile

  13. Genetics Home Reference: Proteus syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... 95. Review. Citation on PubMed Cohen MM Jr, Turner JT, Biesecker LG. Proteus syndrome: misdiagnosis with PTEN mutations. Am J Med Genet ... on PubMed or Free article on PubMed ... of the Proteus syndrome literature: application of diagnostic criteria to published cases. ...

  14. Cluster of infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius in humans in a tertiary hospital.

    PubMed

    Starlander, Gustaf; Börjesson, Stefan; Grönlund-Andersson, Ulrika; Tellgren-Roth, Christian; Melhus, Asa

    2014-08-01

    The dog-associated Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a rare pathogen in humans. Here we describe a cluster of infections caused by the methicillin-resistant S. pseudintermedius clone ST71-J-t02-II-III. It involved four elderly patients at a tertiary hospital. Three patients had wound infections, and the strain had a tendency to cause bullous skin lesions.

  15. Adelphi on Wheels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levy, Lawrence C.

    1976-01-01

    Adelphi University has awarded 76 Masters in Business Administration degrees to people in the New York City area who attended its Classroom on Wheels, one specially equipped car on each of four commuter train lines. The program, reaching over 1000 people since 1971 is run and promoted solely on tuition. (JT)

  16. A Comparison of Two Item-Scoring Procedures and Student Reactions to Them

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Essex, Diane L.

    1976-01-01

    Two multiple-choice scoring schemes--a partial credit scheme and a dichotomous approach--were compared analyzing means, variances, and reliabilities on alternate measures and student reactions. Students preferred the partial-credit approach, which is recommended if rewarding for partial knowledge is an important concern. (Editor/JT)

  17. 75 FR 3150 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Model 747-100, 747-100B, 747-100B SUD, 747-200B, 747...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ... Series Airplanes Equipped With General Electric CF6-45 or -50 Series Engines, or Equipped With Pratt & Whitney JT9D-3 or -7 (Excluding -70) Series Engines AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA...) at each strut location, and repair if necessary. This new AD adds a one-time inspection for...

  18. Final Environmental Assessment For the Construction and Operation of a Fire Training Facility

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-29

    P~\\r < lo~"’’’- <"llJt"’-v"v’H •. A-+~.<- /.I.. I ~UM·hVC~ ~.._"’-’I chu~:..-.1 ,o 1. 5. i9. EfiN !~ONMENTALPt.ANNING FUNCTION CERTIFICATION ~a. SIGN

  19. Bookstore in Trouble: The Proverbial Iceberg

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanderson, Ivan L.

    1975-01-01

    Examines the plight of two troubled bookstores, both state system stores with state charters as nonprofit corporations, probing some of their weaknesses, failures, and resultant difficulties and the positive action, including structural change and new management, involved in recovery and restoration of adequate operating funds. (JT)

  20. Integration host factor is required for replication of pYGK-derived plasmids in Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.

    PubMed

    Torres-Escobar, Ascención; Juárez-Rodríguez, María D; Demuth, Donald R

    2014-08-01

    In this study, we show that integration host factor protein (IHF) is required for replication of pYGK plasmids in Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. YGK plasmids were not replicated in A. actinomycetemcomitans strains lacking either the α- or β- subunit of IHF. However, the deletion mutants were complemented, and plasmid replication was restored when the promoter region and gene for either ihfA or ihfB was cloned into pYGK. We also identified two motifs that resemble the consensus IHF-binding site in a 813-bp fragment containing the pYGK origin of replication. Using electrophoretic mobility shift assays, purified IHFα-IHFβ protein complex was shown to bind to probes containing either of these motifs. To our knowledge, this is the first report showing that plasmid replication is IHF-dependent in the family Pasteurellaceae. In addition, using site-direct mutagenesis, the XbaI and KpnI restriction sites in the suicide vector pJT1 were modified to generate plasmid pJT10. The introduction of these new unique sites in pJT10 facilitates the transfer of transcriptional or translational lacZ fusion constructs for the generation of single-copy chromosomal insertion of the reporter construct. Plasmid pJT10 and its derivatives will be useful for genetic studies in Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) and probably other genera of Pasteurellaceae, including Haemophilus, Pasteurella, and Mannheimia.

  1. Equal Employment + Equal Pay = Multiple Problems for Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinbach, Sheldon Elliot; Reback, Joyce E.

    1974-01-01

    Issues involved in government regulation of university employment practices are discussed: confidentiality of records, pregnancy as a disability, alleged discrimination in benefits, tests and other employment criteria, seniority and layoff, reverse discrimination, use of statistics for determination of discrimination, and the Equal Pay Act. (JT)

  2. The Equal Pay Boondoggle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lester, Richard A.

    1975-01-01

    Problems of extending the Equal Pay Act to university faculty are examined in light of the complicated market forces and merit systems affecting faculty appointments and salaries. Solutions to the problem are suggested including guidelines for the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor to use in identifying sex discrimination. (JT)

  3. The Reverend Thomas Jefferson Bowen: An Introductory Background to His Linguistic Works, 1850-1856

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Awoniyi, Timothy A.

    1974-01-01

    A historical narrative background for the linguistic works of Thomas Jefferson Bowen, an American missionary who was the first non-Nigerian to publish a grammar of Yoruba (1858). The author points up a need for further scholarly review of Bowen's pioneering work and contribution to Yoruba studies. (JT)

  4. Simulation-based Decision Support for Acquisition Policy and Process Design: The Effect of System and Enterprise Characteristics on Acquisition Outcomes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-22

    Research Policy , 30(7), 1019-1039. Ford, D.N., & Dillard, J.T. (2008). Modeling the integration of open systems and evolutionary acquisition in DoD...manufacturing firm. Research Policy 24(3), 419- 440. Ulrich, K., & Tung, K. (1991). Fundamentals of product modularity. In Issues in Design/Manufacture

  5. Assimilating Data into a Circulation Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-30

    video observations, such as surf zone width and energy dissipation. APPROACH Data assimilation methods provide a formal means for combining...knowledge gained about the assimilation methods used here can benefit the ongoing NOPP project (Lead P.I. J.T. Kirby) “Development and Verification of a Comprehensive Community Model for Physical Processes in the Nearshore Ocean”. 7

  6. HgCdTe Surface Study Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-09-01

    Spectroscopy, in: Optical Properties of Solids , Ed. Berlin, 1976). B.O. Seraphin (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976). [31 S.P. Kowalczyk and J.T. Cheung, J... Optical Properties of Solids -New Developments, work edited by B. 0. Seraphin (North-Holland, Amsterdam, This work was supported by U. S. Defense Ad

  7. The Fallacies of Numerical Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lester, Richard A.

    1976-01-01

    Discusses the problems inherent in the federal government's statistical method of determining and enforcing goals for the hiring and composition of faculty of colleges and universities with federal contracts. Stress is on the need for revision of the program to correct flaws and eliminate red tape. (Editor/JT)

  8. Beating the Bureaucrats

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Charles B., Jr.

    1976-01-01

    In dealing with government red tape, the author suggests, five rules can help: Don't believe politicians' promises of "deregulation"; Don't accept any regulation as final; Do your homework; Give your expertise, even if nobody asks for it; and Maintain standards of professional conduct and competence. (Editor/JT)

  9. Exorcising HEW

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNamara, William

    1975-01-01

    The appointment of David Mathews, a 39-year-old Southerner and respected educator, as Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare is reviewed with reference to his position on various issues and substantial hope and confidence among educational leaders that he will "deliver education from the bureaucratic doldrums." (JT)

  10. Accreditation of Veterinary Medical Education: Part II--Influence of the American Veterinary Medical Association

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bauer, Elizabeth K.

    1975-01-01

    Traces the development, since its founding in 1863, of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) influence over the standards of training required in the veterinary profession. Attention is focused on the roles of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the military, and the land-grant colleges in that development. (JT)

  11. The Corporate Law Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mofsky, James S.

    1976-01-01

    On the premise that corporate counsel must be an able diagnostician before he can focus on highly specialized and interrelated issues of business law, the author suggests an approach to corporate law curriculum in which the basic course balances the quality and quantity of material designed to create the needed sensitivity. (JT)

  12. Anthropometric and Mass Distribution Characteristics of the Adult Female. Revised

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-01

    leading to this current study. A special acknowledgement goes to Mr. Arnold K. Johnson, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, for his patience...Korpers and seiner Glieder. Abh. d. Math. Phys. Cl. d. K. Sachs. Gesell . d. Wiss., 18(8):409-492. Leipzig Chandler, R.F., C.E. Clauser, J.T. McConville

  13. Planning in Higher Education: Approaches and Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaccaro, Louis C.

    1976-01-01

    A college president discusses long-range planning in a private college and suggests problems and difficulties confronting those responsible for it emphasizing the critical ingredient of presidential leadership qualities that stimulate a spirit of dialogue and philosophizing about the nature, aims, and objectives of the institution. (JT)

  14. The Coagulation Method of Starting Lecture-Discussion Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyberg, David

    1976-01-01

    Describes a method used in the first class periods of a foundations of education course of 20-35 students to introduce students to each other and develop the interpersonal climate necessary for an effective discussion course. Involves breaking up into groups of five strangers for personal introductions and later class presentations. (JT)

  15. High-Efficiency Diode-Pumped Rubidium Laser: Experimental Results (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-29

    Beach, V.K. Kanz, S.A. Payne, J.T. Early, “New Class of CW High-Power Diode Pumped Alkali Lasers (DPALs),” SPIE High-Power Laser Ablation V......2006). 7. Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y.Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, and H. Kan, “ Cesium Vapor Laser Pumped by

  16. State and Federal Regulation of Collective Negotiations in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livingston, Frederick R.; Christensen, Andrea S.

    1971-01-01

    After reviewing the existing legislative and judicial controls that currently provide a legal framework for the exercise of representational interests in the field of higher education, the authors discuss the potential and need for greater government involvement to provide uniform direction and protection of collective bargaining rights. (JT)

  17. The Status and Trends of Collective Negotiations for Faculty in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wollet, Donald H.

    1971-01-01

    This overview of the extent of collective encounters between faculty and institutions of higher education includes summary of major issues common to most collective bargaining experiences and a proposal for a center on collective negotiation in higher education at a university to serve as an information clearinghouse and research agency. (JT)

  18. The Retrenchment Knife

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dozier, John M.

    1976-01-01

    Horizontal vs. vertical cuts, that is the key question. Faculties favor the horizontal (put us all in the same boat), but the deep vertical cut (e.g. staff and program reduction) is, the author argues, most likely to cure an institutional illness. (Editor/JT)

  19. Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: A Cross-Sectional Study Comparing Circumcision Self-Report and Physical Examination Findings in Lesotho

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-29

    addition, we would like to thank Naomi Bock, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Jason Reed, and Carolyn Williams for their support in the design and implementation...1054–1061. 14. Urassa M, Todd J, Boerma JT, Hayes R, Isingo R (1997) Male circumcision and susceptibility to HIV infection among men in Tanzania. AIDS

  20. The Impact of Geduldig v. Aiello on the EEOC Guidelines on Sex Discrimination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunnell, Rhoda

    1975-01-01

    From an analysis of criteria applicable to sex discrimination under the Fourteenth Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, the author concludes that although the Fourteenth Amendment may not require standards such as those in the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission guidelines, neither does it prohibit them. (JT)

  1. Mandatory Housing Requirements: The Constitutionality of Parietal Rules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iowa Law Review, 1975

    1975-01-01

    Analyzes the validity of parietal rules under both the due process and equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. Models of substantive due process and equal protection are developed and applied to the various types of parietal rules that have been implemented at universities throughout the nation. (Author/JT)

  2. Development and Validation of Radiation-Responsive Protein Bioassays for Biodosimetry Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    J. Richards, P. Stratton, R. Mariella Jr., F . Milanovich, PCR detection of bacteria in seven minutes, Science 284: 449-450. [Blakely 1995] W.F...Blakely, A.C. Miller, L. Luo, J. Lukas, Z.D. Hornby, C.J.C. Hamel, J.T. Nelson, N.D. Escalada , P.G.S. Prasanna, Nucleic acid molecular biomarkers for

  3. The Origins of U.S. Space Policy: Eisenhower, Open Skies, and Freedom of Space.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    by John Robinson Pierce of Bell Laboratories for a passive communication satellite that much resembled the later Project Echo, and submitted it to...jet fighter operated at altitudes above 50,000 feet. But however safe manned aerial go, ÄaSc^ 1955, p. !-, See peny , Origins of th-. nsAF W. t^JT

  4. Production of Artificial Lightning in An Ordinary Clear Light Bulb.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaffo, Peter Alfred

    1981-01-01

    Reported is a method of producing artificial lightning in an ordinary clear lightbulb. The appearance of sparks produced is that of a miniature stroke of forked lightning seen in natural thunderstorms. The sparks also show the intricate branching patterns often seen in natural lightning. (JT)

  5. Microchannel heat exchanger for two-phase Mixed Refrigerant Joule Thomson process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baek, Seungwhan; Lee, Jisung; Lee, Cheonkyu; Jeong, Sangkwon

    2014-01-01

    Mixed Refrigerant Joule Thomson (MR-JT) refrigerators are widely used in various kinds of cryogenic systems these days. Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger (PCHE) is one of the promising cryogenic compact recuperators for MR-JT refrigerators due to its compactness, high NTU and robustness. However, PCHE composed with microchannel bundles can cause flow mal-distribution, and it can cause the degradation of thermal performance of the system. To mitigate the flow mal-distribution problem, the cross link (or intra-layer bypass) can be adapted to parallel microchannels. Two heat exchangers are fabricated in this study; one has straight channels, and the other one has intra-layer bypass structure between channels to enhance the flow distribution. The MR-JT refrigerators are operated with these two heat exchanger and the no-load temperatures are compared. The lower no load temperature achieved with the intra-layer bypass structured heat exchanger. The results indicate that the flow mal-distribution in the microchannel heat exchanger can be mitigated with intra-layer bypass structure, and relaxation of flow mal-distribution in the heat exchanger guarantee the MR-JT refrigerator's performance.

  6. The Assessment of Teaching in Higher Education: A Critical Retrospect and a Proposal. Part II: A Proposal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Henry C., Jr.; And Others

    1975-01-01

    Develops two models used as the basis for the proposed Teaching Assessment Program (TAP): a 4-stage gnometectonic (process of coming-to-know) model of teaching and a model of intellectual development. Describes experimental use of teacher and student report forms for the TAP. ("Part I: A Critical Retrospect" is EJ 116-234.) (JT)

  7. Student Suspension and Expulsion Proceedings in Tax Supported Institutions: What Process is Due?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinberg, Marc I.

    1975-01-01

    Examines the different procedural safeguards which students enjoy in connection with the various disciplinary measures imposed by public school officials: procedural due process rights of students when they are subject to suspensions of up to 10 days, 10 days to three months, more than three months, and expulsions. (JT)

  8. The Origins of the University Grants Committee

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchinson, Eric

    1975-01-01

    This historical study of the British University Grants Committee, focusing on its origins and establishment in 1919, concludes that despite recent criticism no country has created a grant-awarding body so free from political interference and prejudice for supporting its universities at the state or federal level. (JT)

  9. Interview: Public Alternative Schools in Eugene, Oregon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edcentric, 1976

    1976-01-01

    Information from interviews with a parent coordinator at Eastside Elementary School, a teacher at Silver Lea Corridor School, and a student at Action High and the Planning Course is presented to show history, relationship and function with parents, teachers, students, and administrators in the Eugene, Oregon, public alternative school system. (JT)

  10. Cultural Differences: Whose Troubles Are We Talking About?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahne, Merton J.

    1976-01-01

    Arguing that foreign students must be understood in terms of the actual academic and social milieu of the particular college or community rather than on sweeping psychological or social generalizations, the author suggests colleges aid them in tailor-making their own programs of orientation and continued support. (JT)

  11. Assessing Competence in Pediatric Cardiology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Apul E.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    In response to the need to assure physician competence, a rating scale was developed at the University of Minnesota Medical School for use in evaluating clinical competence in pediatric cardiology. It was tested on first- and second-year specialists. Development and testing procedures are described. (JT)

  12. Time Management in Higher Education Administration: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Darrell R.; Dahl, Tor

    1976-01-01

    Drawing on data from a staff development project for administrators in a college at a major American university, it was determined that there is considerable commonality across individuals and that it is possible to deal with such issues as time management, job stress, and enjoyment on an organizational level. (Editor/JT)

  13. Instant Experience in Clinical Trials: A Computer-Aided Simulation Technique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Michael A.

    1976-01-01

    Describes "Instant Experience," a simulation and game method in which students are given information about a promising new drug and asked to design a protocol for a clinical trial of the drug. Evaluation of a trial workshop showed positive response to the method. Educational goals to be achieved through its use are noted. (JT)

  14. The Use of Test Results from ASA Workshops to Evaluate Workshop Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donegan, Judith H.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    Results of test given to participants in six American Society of Anesthesiologists workshops were analyzed to determine whether attendance increased scores on sequential tests (before, immediately after, and three months later). Both workshop and control groups of anesthesiologists increased their scores with each successive test. (Editor/JT)

  15. Having a Graduate Seminar "With" Rather Than "From"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, William E.

    1975-01-01

    The educational objectives and techniques for the graduate seminar are outlined and illustrated with material from a successful seminar on The World of John Donne. Included is discussion of selecting an appropriate topic, use of guest lecturers, students working as a team, and the teacher's role. Emphasis is on shared research. (JT)

  16. MPI Enhancements in John the Ripper

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sykes, Edward R.; Lin, Michael; Skoczen, Wesley

    2010-11-01

    John the Ripper (JtR) is an open source software package commonly used by system administrators to enforce password policy. JtR is designed to attack (i.e., crack) passwords encrypted in a wide variety of commonly used formats. While parallel implementations of JtR exist, there are several limitations to them. This research reports on two distinct algorithms that enhance this password cracking tool using the Message Passing Interface. The first algorithm is a novel approach that uses numerous processors to crack one password by using an innovative approach to workload distribution. In this algorithm the candidate password is distributed to all participating processors and the word list is divided based on probability so that each processor has the same likelihood of cracking the password while eliminating overlapping operations. The second algorithm developed in this research involves dividing the passwords within a password file equally amongst available processors while ensuring load-balanced and fault-tolerant behavior. This paper describes John the Ripper, the design of these two algorithms and preliminary results. Given the same amount of time, the original JtR can crack 29 passwords, whereas our algorithms 1 and 2 can crack an additional 35 and 45 passwords respectively.

  17. Academic Freedom in South Africa: The Open Universities in South Africa and Academic Freedom, 1957-1974

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minerva, 1975

    1975-01-01

    When the South African government initiated a racial separation policy in universities in 1957 the Universities of Cape Town and Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, declared their opposition and continue after 17 years to pursue their efforts for racial equality. This report assesses the effects on university structure and academic freedom. (JT)

  18. An Expert System for Restructurable Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-01

    theory to control system reconfiguration (ref. 2). Raza and Silverthorn have used the pseudoinverse of the control matrix and generalized input vectors to...National Aerospace and Electronics Conference, NAECON 1985, Vol. 1, IEEE, 1985, pp. 578-585. 3. Raza, S.J.; and Silverthorn , J.T.: Use of the Pseudo

  19. Medical Care Evaluation: An Old New Idea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christoffel, Tom

    1976-01-01

    The systematic measurement of the quality of patient care based on outcome data is becoming a part of the delivery of that care. The author reviews the history of an early approach developed and crusaded by Dr. E. A. Codman 60 years ago and suggests some lessons it holds for today's health care professionals. (Editor/JT)

  20. 75 FR 3713 - Meeting With Interested Public on Offsets in Defense Trade

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-22

    ... Strategic Industry and Economic Security. BILLING CODE 3510-JT-P ... Bureau of Industry and Security Meeting With Interested Public on Offsets in Defense Trade AGENCY: Bureau of Industry and Security, Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The...

  1. Optical evidence of quantum rotor orbital excitations in orthorhombic manganites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kovaleva, N. N.; Kugel, K. I.; Potůček, Z.; Kusmartseva, O. E.; Goryachev, N. S.; Bryknar, Z.; Demikhov, E. I.; Trepakov, V. A.; Dejneka, A.; Kusmartsev, F. V.; Stoneham, A. M.

    2016-05-01

    In magnetic compounds with Jahn-Teller (JT) ions (such as Mn3+ or Cu2+), the ordering of the electron or hole orbitals is associated with cooperative lattice distortions. There the role of JT effect, although widely recognized, is still elusive in the ground state properties. Here we discovered that, in these materials, there exist excitations whose energy spectrum is described in terms of the total angular momentum eigenstates and is quantized as in quantum rotors found in JT centers. We observed features originating from these excitations in the optical spectra of a model compound LaMnO3 using ellipsometry technique. They appear clearly as narrow sidebands accompanying the electron transition between the JT split orbitals at neighboring Mn3+ ions, displaying anomalous temperature behavior around the Néel temperature T N ≈ 140 K. We present these results together with new experimental data on photoluminescence found in LaMnO3, which lend additional support to the ellipsometry implying the electronic-vibrational origin of the quantum rotor orbital excitations. We note that the discovered orbital excitations of quantum rotors may play an important role in many unusual properties observed in these materials upon doping, such as high-temperature superconductivity and colossal magnetoresistance.

  2. The Campus Press: Slouching Toward Respectability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, David

    1976-01-01

    In a survey discussion on the state of college newspapers the author observes that the campus press has at last shaken its radical image and returned to respectability: a preprofessional attitude by the staff, interest in investigative reporting, and a concern for the source of the next dollar. (JT)

  3. Prokaryotic cDNA Subtraction: A Method to Rapidly Identify Functional Gene Biomarkers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    alleviates PCR bias caused by partially single-stranded amplicons. Journal of Microbiological Methods 61:69-75. Fleming, J.T., W.H. Yao, and G.S...quantitative competitive PCR. Journal of Microbiological Methods 59:199-210. Rahm, B.G., S. Chauhan, V.F. Holmes, T.W. Macbeth, K.S. Sorenson, Jr

  4. Effectiveness of an International Health Elective As Measured by NBME Part II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waddell, Wendy; And Others

    1976-01-01

    National Board of Medical Examiner's exam results show that U.S. medical students who participated between 1968 and 1974 in Yugoslav or Israeli international fellowship programs sponsored by the Association of American Medical Schools and the U.S. Public Health Service gained knowledge of preventive medicine and public health. (JT)

  5. A Substitute for the Strike

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bleicher, Michael N.

    1975-01-01

    Presents a wage-withholding proposal for impasse resolution in faculty collective bargaining in a state system. A percentage of each faculty member's salary and a significant contribution from the state treasury are put into an escrow account which goes into the federal treasury if settlement is not reached within 45 days. (JT)

  6. Epidemiologic Evidence for Different Roles of Ultraviolet A and B Radiation in Melanoma Mortality Rates

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-03-11

    melanoma is the miniature opossum, Monodelphis domestica . Some adults of these animals develop melanoma upon prolonged exposure to mixed UVB-UVA radiation...Ultraviolet A and melanoma in Monodelphis domestica sucklings. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000. 60. Hutchinson PE, Osborne JE, Lear JT, Smith AG, Bowers PW

  7. Fermionic algebraic quantum spin liquid in an octa-kagome frustrated antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Cheng; Ran, Shi-Ju; Liu, Tao; Chen, Xi; Su, Gang

    2017-02-01

    We investigate the ground state and finite-temperature properties of the spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on an infinite octa-kagome lattice by utilizing state-of-the-art tensor network-based numerical methods. It is shown that the ground state has a vanishing local magnetization and possesses a 1 /2 -magnetization plateau with an up-down-up-up spin configuration. A quantum phase transition at the critical coupling ratio Jd/Jt=0.6 is found. When 0 Jt<0.6 , the system is in a valence bond state, where an obvious zero-magnetization plateau is observed, implying a gapful spin excitation; when Jd/Jt>0.6 , the system exhibits a gapless excitation, in which the dimer-dimer correlation is found decaying in a power law, while the spin-spin and chiral-chiral correlation functions decay exponentially. At the isotropic point (Jd/Jt=1 ), we unveil that at low temperature T , the specific heat depends linearly on T , and the susceptibility tends to a constant for T →0 , giving rise to a Wilson ratio around unity, implying that the system under interest is a fermionic algebraic quantum spin liquid.

  8. The Several Ages of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Stephen

    1976-01-01

    Examines the various stages of human development (as outlined by Erik Erikson and others) with their psychological stresses of recurring crises of identity and expectation and explores some of the implications for education's best serving human needs. Focuses on early childhood, late adolescence, middle age, and old age. (JT)

  9. Photocopy of original drawing showing Wing A (drawing located at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of original drawing showing Wing A (drawing located at NAWS China Lake, Division of Public Works). J.T. STAFFORD-J.H. DAVIES- H.L. GOGERTY: DISPENSARY, SICK CALL AND ADMINISTRATION, FLOOR PLAN AND ELEVATIONS - Naval Ordnance Test Station Inyokern, Dispensary, Main Site, Lauritsen Road at McIntyre Street, Ridgecrest, Kern County, CA

  10. Photocopy of original drawing showing Wing B (drawing located at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of original drawing showing Wing B (drawing located at NAWS China Lake, Division of Public Works). J.T. STAFFORD-J.H. DAVIES-H.L. GOGERTY: DISPENSARY, SURGICAL AND OBSTETRICAL, FLOOR PLAN AND ELEVATIONS - Naval Ordnance Test Station Inyokern, Dispensary, Main Site, Lauritsen Road at McIntyre Street, Ridgecrest, Kern County, CA

  11. Photocopy of original drawing showing Wing A (drawing located at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of original drawing showing Wing A (drawing located at NAWS China Lake, Division of Public Works). J.T. STAFFORD-J.H. DAVIES-H.L. GOGERTY: DISPENSARY, SICK CALL AND ADMINISTRATION, ROOF FRAMING PLAN AND DETAILS - Naval Ordnance Test Station Inyokern, Dispensary, Main Site, Lauritsen Road at McIntyre Street, Ridgecrest, Kern County, CA

  12. Photocopy of original drawing showing Building 3 layout (drawing located ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of original drawing showing Building 3 layout (drawing located at NAWS China Lake, Division of Public Works). J.T. STAFFORD-J.H. DAVIES-H.L. GOGERTY: DISPENSARY, CONNECTING CORRIDORS, FLOOR PLAN, ELEVATIONS, AND DETAILS - Naval Ordnance Test Station Inyokern, Dispensary, Main Site, Lauritsen Road at McIntyre Street, Ridgecrest, Kern County, CA

  13. Photocopy of original drawing showing Wing E (drawing located at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of original drawing showing Wing E (drawing located at NAWS China Lake, Division of Public Works). J.T. STAFFORD-J.H. DAVIES-H.L. GOGERTY: SICK OFFICERS QUARTERS, FLOOR PLAN AND ELEVATIONS - Naval Ordnance Test Station Inyokern, Dispensary, Main Site, Lauritsen Road at McIntyre Street, Ridgecrest, Kern County, CA

  14. Teachers' Freedom of Expression Outside the Classroom: An Analysis of the Application of Pickering and Tinker

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Simon A.

    1974-01-01

    Two Supreme Court cases are analyzed with reference to lower court decisions and their implications: Pickering v. Board of Education, which concerned teachers' expression outside the school, and Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, which involved students' expression inside the classroom. (JT)

  15. Remainder Gifts Under the Tax Reform Act of 1969: A Post-Final Regulation Outline, With Forms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, John Holt

    1973-01-01

    Reviews the Tax Reform Act of 1969 with regard to income, estate, or gift tax deductions available for the gift or bequest of a remainder interest. Compares the various types of deductible charitable remainder gifts. Legal forms are included for pooled income fund trusts and for charitable remainder annuity trust gifts and unitrust gifts. (JT)

  16. A New Subject: Women's Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Margaret

    1974-01-01

    In 1971 the author introduced an interdisciplinary course, "Women in Modern Society," at Loyola College, Montreal, which now has a complete Women's Studies Program. She relates the development of her interest in the subject, problems encountered in obtaining support and approval, and the success of the first course with 50 students. (JT)

  17. 76 FR 72160 - Regulations and Procedures Technical Advisory Committee; Notice of Open Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-22

    ..., first serve basis. To join the conference, submit inquiries to Ms. Yvette Springer at Yvette.Springer... the meeting to Ms. Springer via email. For more information, call Yvette Springer at (202) 482-2813. Dated: November 16, 2011 Yvette Springer, Committee Liaison Officer. BILLING CODE 3510-JT-P...

  18. US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, FERTI-LOME TOMATO ...

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    2011-04-14

    ... {i{'Hii,=-~~ til :Y4 ~! t :fff":> (i1"ffi ~ rro:JT~ • ~ ill 111' foi ' I .' ' .. J' I'L"I"~ln,!J' \\ .f ."l.:JIl":U ~.H: ~wr) ::J;I:i~1 ;1if:i,;\\l)iJlmJ1!}.I~:\\ij1(ih~' 1 , + J II , . ...

  19. The Code of Professional Responsibility and the College and University Lawyer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Omer S. J.

    1975-01-01

    Background and history of the Canons of Ethics and Code of Professional Responsibility, adopted by the American Bar Association in 1969, are briefly outlined, and, as a case study, certain contexts in which ethical questions may arise for the college or university lawyer are discussed. Focus is on the lawyer as advisor. (JT)

  20. Is The Modern Lease a Contract or a Conveyance?--A Historical Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Stephen A.

    1975-01-01

    Argues that "contrary to conventional wisdom, current landlord-tenant law is modern, commercial, and already grounded in contract doctrine." Discusses the origins of the doctrines most frequently cited as illustrations of leasings property basis and redevelops the role of property law in adjudicating leasing disputes. (JT)

  1. Mechanical Engineering Upgrades to the DARHT-II Induction Cells

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    Lean Manufacturing principles found in industry today [2]. This topic, as it applies to refurbishing the DARHT-II cells, is discussed by Barraza...2005. [2] J.T. Liker, The Toyota Way. New York: McGraw- Hill, 2004. [3] J. Barraza, et al, “Application of Lean Manufacturing Principles to

  2. Species Profile: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Mid-Atlantic): Bluefish

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-02-01

    continuously day and night, al . (1972) report on the bacterial typically in a close school during the flora of the bluefish intestine, day at a speed of about...Thorpe, ed. Rhythmic activiTL Newman, J.T., Jr., B.J. Cosenza, and of fishes. Acadenic Press, London. J.D.. Buck. 1972. Aerobic micro- flora of the bluefish

  3. Concepts and Procedures for Updating the National Wetland Plant List

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    newer taxonomic standard, Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland (Kartesz 1994), as its basis for the...Areas Journal 20(1): 66-77. Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland (2 volumes

  4. Medical Exploring: A Program for Early Exposure to Health Careers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wachtel, Thomas; And Others

    1976-01-01

    "Medical Exploring," a program for young men and women interested in health careers, is the largest and one of the fastest growing of the career special interest programs of the Boy Scouts of America's Exploring Division. History, organization, and program of the group are described and discussed. (JT)

  5. National Education Trust Fund

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapp, Milton J.

    1975-01-01

    A proposal from the governor of Pennsylvania for financing all levels of education through a National Education Trust Fund (NETF) that would operate as the present Federal Highway Trust Fund does on a revolving, self-liquidating basis with the cost of an individual's education repaid through a progressive education tax on income. (JT)

  6. Characteristics of a liquid-helium-free calibration apparatus for cryogenic thermometers

    SciTech Connect

    Shimazaki, T.

    2013-09-11

    Closed-cycle Joule-Thomson (JT) cryocoolers have been developed at National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ)/National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) with the aim of realizing a liquid-helium-free calibration apparatus for cryogenic thermometers between 0.65 K and 25 K. The latest JT cryocooler at NMIJ/AIST consists of a {sup 3}He JT cooling circuit and a pulse tube mechanical refrigerator. The characteristics of the apparatus including a residual gas analysis of the JT cooling circuit are presented in this paper. Currently the initial cool-down is performed using a heat-exchange gas. It normally takes about 30 h to reduce the temperature from room temperature to 5 K at the thermometer comparison block of the apparatus. The correct timing of the removal of the heatexchange gas is important for the efficient operation of the apparatus. Incomplete removal of the heat-exchange gas induces excess heat load on the apparatus and thermal disturbances. Some examples of abrupt temperature bursts are discussed in this paper. Mechanical refrigerators generate cyclic mechanical vibrations, and precision resistance thermometers are usually very sensitive to a mechanical vibration. The measured vibration level of the developed apparatus is reported. The damage to the apparatus due to the magnitude 9.0 earthquake on March 11, 2011, and possible countermeasures in the case of future earthquakes are also discussed.

  7. Amending the Amendments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNamara, William

    1976-01-01

    Reviews activity in Congress, federal agencies, and higher education associations as legislation to extend and improve the 1972 Higher Education Amendments is being fashioned. Issues include a public vs. private debate regarding use of the Basic Opportunity Grant program (BOG) to foster access as opposed to choice among institutions. (JT)

  8. SHELTER THROUGH ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN, THE SHIELDING REQUIREMENTS INFLUENCE ON FORM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Civil Defense (DOD), Washington, DC.

    FALLOUT PROTECTION CAN BE PROVIDED BY CAREFUL ARRANGEMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS WITHOUT SPECIFIC FACILITIES FOR THEIR PURPOSE AND WITHOUT INTERFERING WITH NORMAL SPACE USE. CHARACTERISTICS OF RADIATION ARE DISCUSSED AND ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES OF SHIELDING DESIGN WITH RESPECT TO DISTANCE, GEOMETRY, AND TIME ARE GIVEN. (JT)

  9. Methods of Teaching: Ways of Turning Non-Learners into Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filella, J.

    1975-01-01

    Nine teaching methods are described (conditioning, habit formation, lecture, audio-visual aids, seminar, case study, simulation games, conscientization, and affective learning) and each discussed with reference to the types of material, learners, and teachers to which it is best suited. (JT)

  10. Military Personnel Selection and Diagnostic Control of Human Functional State in High Altitude Conditions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    Russian). Losev, A.S., Mahnovsky, V.P., Morozov, S.B., and Shanazarov, A.S., 1988, Effects of Actoprotector Bemithylum on Human Metabolism and Muscular ... distonia (Vegetal- Vascular Distonia ). Moscow: Medizina, pp.1-68 (in Russian). Viles, P.H. and Shepherd, J.T., 1968, Relationship Between pH, PO2 and pCO 2

  11. Comment on Survey of Teaching Methods of Environmental Law Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lanning, Geoffrey J.

    1976-01-01

    In answer to the quandry of environmental law teachers as to how to deal with the magnitude of environmental problems, the author proposes focus on the nature of the legal decision system as a tool for handling the environment before examining specific areas such as energy, transportation, etc. (JT)

  12. Recent Developments in Student Affairs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holloway, John P.; Tharp, Richard A.

    1974-01-01

    Reviews recent court cases affecting students in the areas of control of student fee support, tuition classification (in-state, out-of-state), and parietal rules pertaining to university housing. Notes problems which may confront college counsel in these areas. (JT)

  13. Recent Developments in Student Affairs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holloway, John P.

    1974-01-01

    The rapid development and application to universities and colleges of the constitutional principles of the First Amendment are analyzed with special reference to Healy v. James and its present and possible future ramifications in the area of student affairs including use of university facilities, student conduct, and organizational activities. (JT)

  14. Constitutional Law--Equal Protection--"Benign" Discrimination--Minority Admissions Programs--Supreme Court's Response to Preferential Treatment--DeFunis v. Odegaard, 416 U.S. 312 (1974); Kahn v. Shevin, 416 U.S. 351 (1974); Morton v. Mancari, 417 U.S. 535 (1974)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloom, Judith Ilene

    1975-01-01

    Three U.S. Supreme Court rulings on minority preference cases are analyzed with reference to the question of the constitutionality of minority preferential admissions. It is concluded that the Court's unpredictability casts doubt on the validity of minority preference and that special consideration should be given in a racially neutral manner. (JT)

  15. Employment Discrimination--Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967--Bona Fide Occupational Qualification--Hodgson v. Greyhound Lines, Inc.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champion, Susan Elizabeth

    1975-01-01

    Examines the circuit court's decision in favor of Greyhound in a suit alleging that the company's refusal to accept applications for bus driver from persons under 35 violated the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA). Submits that the decision frustrates congressional intent by permitting arbitrary and unreasonable age discrimination. (JT)

  16. Screening, Deschooling and Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinchliffe, Keith

    1975-01-01

    Examines the present debate surrounding deschooling (abolition or non-setting up of schools) particularly hypotheses regarding the use of schooling as a screening device for occupational selection. Analyzes its relevance for low-income, low-schooling countries in light of recent data from Northern Nigeria on education and labor productivity. (JT)

  17. A Psychomotor Skills Course for Orthopaedic Residents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lippert, Frederick G.; And Others

    1975-01-01

    The course described and evaluated here was developed at the University of Washington School of Medicine to teach 20 orthopaedic residents operative techniques, instrument usage, and safety precautions outside of the operating room without hazard to the patient or regard to time constraints. (JT)

  18. Teaching Blood Gases: An Automated Display

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, William; And Others

    1976-01-01

    Use of sequential data display on the Davenport diagram mated with computer techniques offers solutions to both data storage and teaching problems related to blood gas determinations. An example of using the technique for teaching interpretation of data to medical students is given. (JT)

  19. Jumping translocation in acute monocytic leukemia (M5b) with alternative breakpoint sites in the long arm of donor chromosome 3.

    PubMed

    McGrattan, Peter; Logan, Amy; Humphreys, Mervyn; Bowers, Margaret

    2010-09-01

    An 86-year-old man presented with acute hepatic failure, worsening thrombocytopenia, and anemia having been diagnosed and managed expectantly with cytogenetically normal RAEB-1. After 20 months a diagnosis of disease transformation to acute monocytic leukemia (M5b) was made. Conventional G-banded analysis of unstimulated bone marrow cultures demonstrated a jumping translocation (JT) involving proximal and distal breakpoints on donor chromosome 3 at bands 3q1?2 and 3q21, respectively. Recipient chromosomes included the long-arm telomeric regions of chromosomes 5, 10, 14, 16, and 19. A low-level trisomy 8 clone was also found in association with both proximal and distal JT clones. Conventional G-banded analysis of unstimulated peripheral blood cultures detected the proximal 3q1?2 JT clone involving recipient chromosome 10 several weeks after transformation to acute monocytic leukemia. Interestingly, JTs involving recipient chromosomes 5, 14, 16, and 19 were not detected in this peripheral blood sample. Palliative care was administered until his demise 2.2 months after disease transformation. There have been fewer than 70 cases of acquired JTs reported in the literature, including one myeloproliferative neoplasm and five acute myeloid leukemias involving a single breakpoint site on donor chromosome 3. Our case is unique as it is the first acquired case to demonstrate a JT involving alternative pericentromeric breakpoint sites on a single donor chromosome consisting of a proximal breakpoint at 3q1?2 and a more distal breakpoint at 3q21.

  20. Assessment of Angular Weaving for Turbine Components.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-23

    including foreign nations. This technical report has been reviewed and is approved for publication. RAYMONDP.VIN F. SCHMIDT, Chief Project Engineer ... Engine Assessment Branch Engine Assessment Branch Turbine Engine Division Turbine Engine Division Aero Propulsion Laboratory Aero Propulsion Laboratory FOR...F ....:. . . ......, . . iT u iepu t yie D i i s o .... .................... ......... .. Turbine Engine Di vision Jt. ib .tion ) Aero Propulsion

  1. Personal Liability of Trustees of Educational Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porth, William C.

    1974-01-01

    Examines trustee liability in light of the Stern v. Sibley Memorial Hospital decision which contains "a thorough and well considered exposition on the liability of trustees of charitable corporations as well as useful guidelines to be followed, particularly in the area of conflicts of interests." (JT)

  2. Personal Liability of Trustees of Educational Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porth, William C.

    1973-01-01

    Examines in light of writings and reported decisions, the potential basis for imposing personal liability on trustees of educational institutions for wrongdoing or negligence, alerting institutional counsel to responsibility for protection of trustees to include indemnification and liability insurance coverage. (JT)

  3. Medical Treatment and Human Experimentation: Introducing Illegality, Fraud, Duress and Incapacity to the Doctrine of Informed Consent

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Constance B.

    1975-01-01

    The court held in Kaimowitz v. Department of Mental Health that "involuntarily detained mental patients cannot give informed and adequate consent to experimental psychosurgical procedures on the brain." This note argues that the present theory of informed consent is inadequate for such cases and proposes a new theory. (JT)

  4. Tort Law: Psychotherapist-Patient Privilege--Patient's Dangerous Condition--Confidentiality--Legal Duty to Warn Potential Victim

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Robert E.

    1975-01-01

    After telling a psychologist his intentions to kill Tatiana Tarasoff, Prosenjit Poddar did so. In Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California the psychologist was found liable for not warning the victim of danger. The author contends that the decision, in terms of medical capabilities, may be ahead of its time. (JT)

  5. Adiabatic Deformation and Strain Localization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-08-01

    4,1978, p. 180·184. 17. TURLEY , D. M. The Nature of the White Erching Surface Layers Produced During Reaming Ulrra-High Strength Steel. Mater. Sci...Ducker 1 AFFDL/FES, J. Hodges 1 AFFDL/TST, Library Air Force Test and Eva luation Cente r, Kir tland Air Force Base , NM 87115 ATTN: AFTEC-JT No

  6. Logical Demonomy Among the Ewe in West Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dzobo, N. K.

    1974-01-01

    Examines the indigenous pattern of moral behavior among the Ewe, an ethnic and linguistic group in West Africa, and assesses its role in moral education within the African context. The author develops a conceptual framework he calls "logical demonomy" that he uses to define the Ewe system of moral laws. (JT)

  7. Transcriptional Profiling of Francisella tularensis Infected Peripheral Blood Monomuclear Cells: A Predictive Tool for Tularemia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Infections with intracellular pathogens, such as Toxoplasma gondii (Masek et al., 2006), Salmonella (Gewirtz et al., 2000), and mycobacteria (Yadav et al...recognition of Toxoplasma gondii. J Cell Sci 119: 4565–4573. Munn DH, Shafizadeh E, Attwood JT, Bondarev I, Pashine A & Mellor AL (1999) Inhibition of T cell

  8. The Perfect Politician

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, John N., III

    2010-01-01

    The perfect politician, the ideal political ally to a library, is often but not always an elected official. He or she is always an effective champion of "reasonable financial support," i.e., "the amount...which a thoroughly competent librarian can spend wisely." That is what J.T. Wyer, director of the New York State Library, said in his "What the…

  9. Alexander v. Gardner-Denver: A Threat to Title VII Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Richard F.

    1975-01-01

    An examination of the decision on the rights of an employee, who has unsuccessfully pursued a race or sex discrimination claim through arbitration, to "relitigate" the claim under Title VII, Civil Rights Act of 1964. Conclusion: the decision endangers Title VII rights by granting too much weight to prior arbitration awards. (JT)

  10. The Inevitable Interplay of Title VII and the National Labor Relations Act: A New Role for the NLRB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 1974

    1974-01-01

    The impact of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on seniority and the treatment of employment discrimination under the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 are examined. It is argued that in the area of seniority the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has a new role to play in avoiding conflicts between the two acts. (JT)

  11. Current Developments in Federal Law Affecting Equal Employment Opportunity in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frohnmayer, David B.

    1973-01-01

    Reviews issues and administrative regulations pertaining to affirmative action under Executive Orders 11246 and 11375, extension of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to academic and professional employment, and the Higher Education Ammendments of 1972 extending provisions of the Equal Pay Act of 1963. (JT)

  12. Pharmacological Treatment of Glutamate Excitotoxicity Following Traumatic Brain Injury

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-14

    Finally, cell 13 death following injury can result from “slow excitotoxicity” ( Albin 92), in which cells are rendered vulnerable to physiologic...Janigro D. Traumatic brain injury and its effects on synaptic plasticity. Brain Inj. 2003 Aug;17(8):653-63. Albin RL, Greenamyre JT

  13. Phase Radio Engineering Systems (Selected Pages),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-04-28

    the function of the distribution , myl --coo") , 0 (OS’ ( r + V+ CosM ). (5.4.5) Distribution becomes asymmetric and probability density for values...derived phase G a) M G~jt (0) * (7.2.9) 2where ,-equivalent band of the frequency deviations; GAI (0) = .41L (7.2.10) The correlation function of the

  14. A Couples Group of Medical Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Kenneth; And Others

    1976-01-01

    An experiment at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine with a short-term medical student couples' workshop designed to foster increased sensitivity between medical students and their partners resulted in recommendation that such workshops be offered to medical students. (JT)

  15. Pseudorotation in fullerene anions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunn, Janette L.; Hands, Ian D.; Bates, Colin A.

    2007-07-01

    Jahn-Teller (JT) problems are often characterised by an adiabatic potential energy surface (APES) containing either a set of isoenergetic wells or a trough of equivalent-energy points, which may be warped by higher-order coupling terms or anisotropic effects. In all three cases, the JT effect will be dynamic. Either tunnelling between the wells or rotation (of a distortion) around the trough will restore the original symmetry of the system. This motion is referred to as pseudorotation. It should be possible to observe a JT system in a distorted geometry if measurements are made on a sufficiently short timescale. In various cubic systems, this timescale has been calculated to be the order of picoseconds. Such timescales are accessible using modern methods of ultrafast spectroscopy. Measurements of pseudorotation rates can lead to important information on the strength and nature of the JT coupling present. We will present analytical calculations that allow the rate of pseudorotation to be determined in terms of the vibronic coupling parameters. We will show how these results can be applied to E ⊗ e systems and then to the more complicated system applicable to C60- anions. This is of particular interest because of the high icosahedral symmetry of fullerene ions and also because of the many potential uses of materials containing these ions. We conclude by outlining experiments that should be capable of measuring pseudorotation in C 60 anions.

  16. Comment on: “Effects of including the counterrotating term and virtual photons on the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of a scalar photon collective emission theory” [Phys. Lett. A 372 (2008) 2514

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Svidzinsky, Anatoly; Chang, Jun-Tao

    2008-08-01

    In a recent Letter [R. Friedberg, J.T. Manassah, Phys. Lett. A 372 (2008) 2514] Friedberg and Manassah argue that effect of virtual photons has serious consequences for large atomic samples. Here we show that such effect is negligible for evolution of a uniformly excited atomic state prepared by absorption of a single photon.

  17. US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, NEO SOLU-STYRIL NO. 5 ...

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    2011-04-14

    ... Hi tho.It fut' ~he!" rinsinG or' llry.i nc. l"'Jr Jt';3l,;·p ; i·, LOll uf al . ..:. ... In::trument: sh')ul<.l rc),'.3.in iHFcrce:; '.Il th" ~ol'ltion for at l. '.'-t /-; Flnut"" lOll .:'r. ...

  18. US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, QUAT #12, 08/23/1984

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    2011-04-14

    ... 1.10 ... 1.' I '''loll .,.,~Il>.'" I .... ~1 .. fl \\0 .... ,g.,", 'UA,.,I'Ul,I."" t)1'1".II'JtI~ ~ .01 .. ... I .. I "" -"Ii •• l .ui •• lovn E. ... uft ..... IM'V loll"". ",a en4 plO,. ...

  19. Two-stage, low noise advanced technology fan. 5: Acoustic final report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sofrin, T. G.; Riloff, N., Jr.

    1975-01-01

    The NASA Q2S(quiet two-stage) fan is a 0.836m (32.9 in.) diameter model of the STF 433 engine fan, selected in a 1972 study for an Advanced Technology Transport (ATT) airplane. Noise-control features include: low tip speed, moderate stage pressure rise, large blade-vane spacings, no inlet guide vanes, and optimum blade and vane numbers. Tests were run on the baseline Q2S fan with standard inlet and discharge ducts. Further tests were made of a translating centerbody sonic inlet device and treated discharge ducts. Results were scaled to JT8D and JT3D engine fan size for comparison with current two-stage fans, and were also scaled to STF 433 fan size to compare calculated ATT flyover noise with FAR 36 limits. Baseline Q2S results scaled to JT8D and JT3D engine fan sizes showed substantial noise reductions. Calculated unsuppressed baseline ATT flyovers averaged about 2.5 EPNdB below FAR 36 limits. Using measured sonic inlet results, scaled baseline Q2S fan results, and calculated attenuations for a 1975 technology duct liner, projected flyover noise calculations for the ATT averaged about FAR 36 limits minus 10 EPNdB. Advances in suppression technology required to meet the 1985 goal of FAR 36 limits minus 20 EPNdB are discussed.

  20. Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Northwest). Common Littleneck Clam.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-08-01

    and Warme 1969), and protected from most temperature ex- the sea stars Pycnopodia helianthoides tremes (Glude 1978). and Evasterias troschellii prey...Feder. 1975. pW The food of the sea star Pycnopodia Phelps, H.L., J.T. Hardy, W.H. helianthoides (Brandt) in Prince Pearson, and C.W. Apts. 1983. Clam

  1. On the thermal gradient in the Earth's deep interior

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tirone, M.

    2016-02-01

    Temperature variations in large portions of the mantle are mainly controlled by the reversible and irreversible transformation of mechanical energy related to pressure and viscous forces into internal energy along with diffusion of heat and chemical reactions. The simplest approach to determine the temperature gradient is to assume that the dynamic process involved is adiabatic and reversible, which means that entropy remains constant in the system. However, heat conduction and viscous dissipation during dynamic processes effectively create entropy. The adiabatic and non-adiabatic temperature variation under the influence of a constant or varying gravitational field are discussed in this study from the perspective of the Joule-Thomson (JT) throttling system in relation to the transport equation for change of entropy. The JT model describes a dynamic irreversible process in which entropy in the system increases but enthalpy remains constant (at least in an equipotential gravitational field). A comparison is made between the thermal gradient from the JT model and the thermal gradient from two models, a mantle convection and a plume geodynamic model, coupled with thermodynamics including a complete description of the entropy variation. The results show that the difference is relatively small and suggests that thermal structure of the asthenospheric mantle can be well approximated by an isenthalpic model when the formulation includes the effect of the gravitational field. For non-dynamic or parameterized mantle dynamic studies, the JT formulation provides a better description of the thermal gradient than the classic isentropic formulation.

  2. What's Cooking at the Restaurant School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Binzen, Peter

    1975-01-01

    Describes the operation and program of the Restaurant School in Philadelphia, which in a one-year course of formal instruction and on-the-job training teaches students how to own and operate small restaurants and invests in the restaurants of some of its graduates. (JT)

  3. Interstitial Jurisprudence Illustrated in Teaching Criminal Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Funk, David A.

    1975-01-01

    The incorporation of criminal law theory into the first-year criminal law course is discussed as an example of adding the jurisprudence of specific subject matters to standard courses. Jurisprudential issues appropriate for study are suggested along with guidelines for teaching techniques, selection of materials, and use of class time. (JT)

  4. Visual investigation of solid-liquid phase equilibria for nonflammable mixed refrigerant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, C.; Yoo, J.; Park, I.; Park, J.; Cha, J.; Jeong, S.

    2015-12-01

    Non-flammable mixed refrigerant (NF-MR) Joule Thomson (J-T) refrigerators have desirable characteristics and wide cooling temperature range compared to those of pure J-T refrigerators. However, the operating challenge due to freezing is a critical issue to construct this refrigerator. In this paper, the solid-liquid phase equilibria (i.e. freezing point) of the NF-MR which is composed of Argon, R14 (CF4), and R218 (C3F8), has been experimentally investigated by a visualized apparatus. Argon, R14 and R218 mixtures are selected to be effectively capable of reaching 100 K in the MR J-T refrigerator system. Freezing points of the mixtures have been measured with the molar compositions from 0.1 to 0.8 for each component. Each test result is simultaneously acquired by a camcorder for visual inspection and temperature measurement during a warming process. Experimental results show that the certain mole fraction of Argon, R14, and R218 mixture can achieve remarkably low freezing temperature even below 77 K. This unusual freezing point depression characteristic of the MR can be a useful information for designing a cryogenic MR J-T refrigerator to reach further down to 77 K.

  5. Six Month Oral Toxicity Study of WR238605 Succinate in Rats. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-02-02

    Sorbitol oxidase reaction Ciba-Corning 550 Express Clinical Chemistry System Asada, M. and Galanbos J.T. Gastroenterology 44, 578, 1963. Wiesner...Express Clinical Chemistry System Mashige, F. et al. ClinChem. 27, 1352-1356, 1981. Total Protein Biuret technique Ciba-Corning 550 Express Clinical

  6. Four Week Toxicity Study of WR279396 After Daily Dermal Application in CD (registered trademark) Rats

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-03-24

    Dehydrogenase (SDH) Fructose —• Sorbitol oxidase reaction Ciba-Corning 55 Express Clinical Chemistry System Asada, M. and Galanbos J.T. Gastroenterology...44, 578, 1963 Wiesner, I.S. et al. Am. J. dig. Dis. ]0, 147, 1965. Total Protein Biuret technique Ciba-Corning 550 Express Clinical Chemistry

  7. Propagation of Multiwavelength Laser Radiation through Atmospheric Turbulence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-11-01

    be applied. The fundamental determining factor in data spread is shown to be the two-point correlation of he microthermal envelope fluctuations...Engineer li / Jt M^ ^^w Summary This report reviews in detail our progress on understanding the short-term statistics of microthermal turbulence...fluctuations and optical/ infrared scintillations, and their interrelationship. A complete analytical understanding of microthermal and scintillation

  8. An Instrument for the Identification of Core Curriculum in the Discipline of Gynaecology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, P. J.

    1976-01-01

    Describes an instrument designed to identify with considerable agreement appropriate knowledge, skills, and attitudes for gynecology curriculum, relate it to other curriculum content, and determine where it should appear in the curriculum. Focus is on clinical problems to be solved and the underlying processes. (JT)

  9. School Learning and Adjustment: Interdisciplinary Training for Pediatricians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rockowitz, Ruth J.; Stebbins, Winifred

    1975-01-01

    Describes and evaluates the School Health Programs of the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry's pediatric training: first-year lectures, second-year electives, clinical consultation for house officers, and a year-long experience as a local school consulting pediatrician for associate residents and fellows. (JT)

  10. Evaluation of Instructional Methods for Teaching Veterinary Students the Components of Inflammation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, O. J.; Welser, J. R.

    1975-01-01

    Seven multi-media instructional programs were evaluated on the basis of test scores, student attitudes, program preparation time, and cost of materials. Programs ranked best were videotape with 35mm slides, programmed instruction with 35mm slides, and Self-Evaluation Test only. (JT)

  11. Dynamics of cryocooler development

    SciTech Connect

    Timmerhaus, K.D.

    1995-12-01

    A few of the recent developments and future directions of cryocoolers are summarized. Those that will be covered include Joule-Thomson (J-T) microminiature cryocoolers, modified Stirling refrigerators designated as orifice pulse tube refrigerators (OPTR), and thermal acoustic driver orifice pulse tube refrigerators (TADOPTR) as well as the sorption refrigerators.

  12. Using EPR spectroscopy to go from the Jahn-Teller effect to nuclear waste disposal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boatner, L. A.

    2003-02-01

    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy is a powerful technique for elucidating the fundamental solid-state-chemical and crystal-field ground-state electronic properties of rare-earth and actinide ions that are incorporated into single-crystal host materials. In the case of rare-earth or rare-earth-like ions that are characterized by a degenerate orbital doublet ground state when placed in a cubic crystal field, EPR has proven to be an extremely valuable approach to the study of various manifestations of the Jahn-Teller (J-T) effect. The contributions of EPR spectroscopy to the study of the J-T effect in ions such as La 2+, Y 2+ and Sc 2+ include the discovery of quadrupolar effects in J-T systems and a verification of Frank Ham's theory of the dynamic J-T effect. Such basic studies can often have unforeseen consequences—like leading to the discovery of new scintillators for gamma-ray detection or the development of a matrix for the disposal of radioactive waste.

  13. 14 CFR 34.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... EXHAUST EMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TURBINE ENGINE POWERED AIRPLANES General Provisions § 34.1 Definitions... in, or which is manufactured for installation in, an aircraft. Aircraft gas turbine engine means a.... Class T3 means all aircraft gas turbine engines of the JT3D model family. Class T8 means all...

  14. The Many Dimensions of Productivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallhaus, Robert A.

    1975-01-01

    Discussing the definitions and perspectives regarding the notion of productivity in higher education, the author indicates that his effort has highlighted the inadequacy of our current ability to measure and analyze productivity, more specifically to determine and measure the value of the outcomes of higher education. (JT)

  15. A Novel Mutation in a Patient with Hyperparathyroidism-Jaw Tumour Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Bellido, Virginia; Larrañaga, Ihintza; Guimón, Maite; Martinez-Conde, Rafael; Eguia, Asier; Perez de Nanclares, Gustavo; Castaño, Luis; Gaztambide, Sonia

    2016-06-01

    Hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumour syndrome (HPT-JT) is a rare variant of familial hyperparathyroidism, characterized by primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) due to one or multiple parathyroid adenomas, and benign tumours of the mandible and maxilla. It has an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance, and is associated with mutations that deactivate the cell division cycle protein 73 homolog (CDC73) gene, also known as hyperparathyroidism 2 (HRPT2), located on the long arm of chromosome 1, that encodes for the tumour suppressor protein parafibromin. In the majority of cases, PHPT is the presenting symptom, but up to 30 % of HPT-JT cases initially present with an ossifying fibroma of the maxillofacial bones. HPT-JT may result in severe hypercalcemia-related complications and an elevated risk of parathyroid carcinoma. For this reason, early identification of the disease is important. We present the case of a 23-year-old woman who was found to have jaw tumours and was later diagnosed with PHPT. Genetic analysis revealed a novel mutation in exon 1 of CDC73. This report contributes to the understanding of the genetics of this rare syndrome. It also highlights the fact that HPT-JT should be considered and CDC73 mutation analysis should be performed in cases of early-onset PHPT associated with ossifying fibromas of the jaw.

  16. Cooperative Jahn-Teller effect in a 2D mesoscopic C{60/n-} system with D5d symmetry adsorbed on buffer layers using Ising EFT model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abou Ghantous, M.; Moujaes, E. A.; Dunn, J. L.; Khater, A.

    2012-06-01

    Fullerene molecules adsorbed on surfaces often show macroscopic average distortions. As charged ions C60n- are known to be Jahn-Teller (JT) active, it is suggested that these distortions could be a manifestation of cooperative JT effects (CJTE) due to interactions between neighbouring fullerene ions. In order to understand the distortion properties it is necessary to take correlations between different distortions into account. However, this can't easily be done in the mean field approximation usually used to describe the CJTE. We therefore propose an alternative procedure to describe 2D mesoscopic islands of C60 ions in which a pseudo vector spin overrightarrow{S} is evoked to represent degenerate JT-distorted states when the quadratic JT coupling is considered. This approach is analogous to methods used for 2D magnetic systems. We then use the differential operator technique in effective field theory within the Ising approach. We include the effects of weak surface interactions and dynamic motion between equivalent distortions via terms equivalent to anisotropy and a transverse field in magnetism respectively. For distortions to D5d symmetry, we determine single site correlations as a function of temperature, the macroscopic average distortion describing a structural phase transition, and the isothermal response function. Phase diagrams are presented for relevant cases of the system parameters.

  17. Condition Survey and Paver Implementation Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-02-01

    accessible through a remote terminal via a telephone link. The telephone link is achieved by using a modem and appropri- ate communication software ...SAMPLE SIZE- 20 SLABS SAMPLE PCI- 71 DISTRESS TYPE SEVERITY QUANTITY DENSITY-PCT DEDUCT-VALUE 65 JT SEAL DAMAGE MEDIUM 20 SLABS 100 7 70 SCLNG/MAP CRAK

  18. College Stores 1975--A Challenge to the Publishers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Howard W.

    1976-01-01

    A presentation by the general manager of the Harvard Cooperative Society to the College Division of the Association of American Publishers in which he illustrates with survey data the contention that suggested publishers prices for textbooks are arbitrarily set too low by publishers to cover minimal costs of marketing textbooks. (JT)

  19. Learning Under Siege on the West Bank

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Judith

    1975-01-01

    Birzeit College, the only secular institution of higher education in the Israeli-occupied territories, continues to operate with 500 Palestinians attending classes on the West Bank of the Jordan River Valley even though its president, expelled for alleged subversive activities, continues to run the college from Beirut. (JT)

  20. Poor Reception for Broadcast Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlisle, Robert D. B.

    1976-01-01

    Noting reports of 17,251 college juniors and seniors majoring in radio-television broadcasting and only 141,500 employees now working in the field, the author discusses the causes and implications including the value of the radio-TV degree and the cost of broadcast education. (JT)

  1. Relationships of physical job tasks and living conditions with occupational injuries in coal miners.

    PubMed

    Bhattacherjee, Ashis; Bertrand, Jean-Pierre; Meyer, Jean-Pierre; Benamghar, Lahoucine; Otero Sierra, Carmen; Michaely, Jean-Pierre; Ghosh, Apurna Kumar; d'Houtaud, Alphonse; Mur, Jean-Marie; Chau, Nearkasen

    2007-04-01

    This study assessed the relationships of job tasks and living conditions with occupational injuries among coal miners. The sample included randomly selected 516 underground workers. They completed a standardized self-administred questionnaire. The data were analyzed via logistic regression method. The rate of injuries in the past two years was 29.8%. The job tasks with significant crude relative risks were: power hammer, vibrating hand tools, pneumatic tools, bent trunk, awkward work posture, heat, standing about and walking, job tasks for trunk and upper/lower limbs, pain caused by work, and muscular tiredness. Logistic model shows a strong relationship between the number of job tasks (JT) and injuries (adjusted ORs vs. JT 0-1: 2.21, 95%CI 1.27-3.86 for JT 2-6 and 3.82, 2.14-6.82 for JT>or=7), and significant ORs>or=1.71 for face work, not-good-health-status, and psychotropic drug use. Musculoskeletal disorders and certain personality traits were also significant in univariate analysis. Therefore job tasks and living conditions strongly increase the injuries, and occupational physicians could help workers to find remedial measures.

  2. Identification of Biomarkers Associated with the Healing of Chronic Wounds

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    at the June 23, 2009 Blood and Blood Safety PLR meeting. • Herr M, Fries KM, Upton GL, Edsberg LE. Potential biomarkers of temporomandibular joint ... disorders . In Press, Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. Research utilized methodology developed in current award. • Wyffels JT, Fries KM

  3. Computer-Based Legal Education at the University of Illinois: A Report of Two Years' Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maggs, Peter B.; Morgan, Thomas D.

    1975-01-01

    Describes experimentation with the Plato IV computer-assisted method of teaching law at the University of Illinois College of Law: development and testing of programs for teaching Future Interests and Offer and Acceptance, and law-related work currently being done on Plato. Potential, limitations, and student enthusiasm are summarized. (JT)

  4. Model study of coexistence of Jahn-Teller distortion, antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in iron pnictide superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pradhan, B.; Goi, S. K.; Behera, Srikanta; Parida, P. K.; Mishra, R. N.

    2016-12-01

    We have proposed a theoretical model for the coexistence of superconductivity (SC), antiferromagnetism (AFM) and Jahn-Teller (JT) effect in the mean field approximation for iron based superconductors. The model is solved by using Zubarev's double-time Green's function technique to get their selfconsistent gap equations. Then these gap equations are solved numerically.

  5. A Review of Personality Measurement in Aircrew Selection.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-07-01

    34 Heluireich et al. (83) reported a link between personality and performance, called the "honeymoon effect" of motivation on pertormance. They believed that...Spence, J.T., Helmreich, R.L., and Holahan , C.K., "Negative and Positive Components of Psychological Masculinity and Femininity and their Relationships to

  6. 4. GLOBE ELEVATOR COMPANY, SUPERIOR WISCONSIN 1887; NO. 3 ANNEX ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. GLOBE ELEVATOR COMPANY, SUPERIOR WISCONSIN 1887; NO. 3 ANNEX FOREGROUND. NO. 2 ANNEX WORKHOUSE NO. 1 TIMBER CRIB CONSTRUCTION, J.T. MOULTON AND SONS, CHICAGO ARCHITECT. - Peavey Globe Elevator, No. 1 House, West Gate Basin & Howard's Bay, east side of slip, Superior, Douglas County, WI

  7. Origin of distinct structural symmetry of the neopentane cation in the ground electronic state compared to the methane cation.

    PubMed

    Mondal, T

    2016-04-21

    An ab initio quantum dynamics study has been performed to explore the distinct structural symmetry of C(CH3)4(+) in the ground electronic state compared to CH4(+). Additionally, the underlying details of the highly diffuse and complex vibronic structure of the first photoelectron band of C(CH3)4 have been investigated. Associated potential energy surfaces over the two-dimensional space of nuclear coordinates, subject to the T2⊗ (e + t2) Jahn-Teller effect, are established from extensive electronic structure calculations and (then) the nuclear dynamics calculations are done on them via wave packet propagation including the nonadiabatic coupling of the three electronic sheets. The theoretical results are in good agreement with experimental observations. The JT stabilization energies due to T2⊗e, T2⊗t2 and T2⊗ (e + t2) distortions in the X[combining tilde](2)T2 electronic manifold of C(CH3)4(+) illustrate that the highest stabilization occurs through the T2⊗t2-JT distortion (in the ground state of C(CH3)4(+)). However, CH4(+) gains such maximum stabilization due to T2⊗ (e + t2)-JT distortion. From this novel result and applying the epikernel principle, we propose that the structural evolution of C(CH3)4(+) from Td to C3v minimum energy configuration occurs via JT active vibrations of t2 symmetry, whereas CH4(+) rearranges to the C2v structure through a combination of JT active e and t2 bending vibrations.

  8. Cultural conditions on the production of extracellular enzymes by Trichoderma isolates from tobacco rhizosphere.

    PubMed

    Mallikharjuna Rao, K L N; Siva Raju, K; Ravisankar, H

    2016-01-01

    Twelve isolates of Trichoderma spp. isolated from tobacco rhizosphere were evaluated for their ability to produce chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase extracellular hydrolytic enzymes. Isolates ThJt1 and TvHt2, out of 12 isolates, produced maximum activities of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase, respectively. In vitro production of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase by isolates ThJt1 and TvHt2 was tested under different cultural conditions. The enzyme activities were significantly influenced by acidic pH and the optimum temperature was 30°C. The chitin and cell walls of Sclerotium rolfsii, as carbon sources, supported the maximum and significantly higher chitinase activity by both isolates. The chitinase activity of isolate ThJt1 was suppressed significantly by fructose (80.28%), followed by glucose (77.42%), whereas the β-1,3-glucanase activity of ThJt1 and both enzymes of isolate TvHt2 were significantly suppressed by fructose, followed by sucrose. Ammonium nitrate as nitrogen source supported the maximum activity of chitinase in both isolates, whereas urea was a poor nitrogen source. Production of both enzymes by the isolates was significantly influenced by the cultural conditions. Thus, the isolates ThJt1 and TvHt2 showed higher levels of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase activities and were capable of hydrolyzing the mycelium of S. rolfsii infecting tobacco. These organisms can be used therefore for assessment of their synergism in biomass production and biocontrol efficacy and for their field biocontrol ability against S. rolfsii and Pythium aphanidermatum infecting tobacco.

  9. Cultural conditions on the production of extracellular enzymes by Trichoderma isolates from tobacco rhizosphere

    PubMed Central

    Mallikharjuna Rao, K.L.N.; Siva Raju, K.; Ravisankar, H.

    2016-01-01

    Twelve isolates of Trichoderma spp. isolated from tobacco rhizosphere were evaluated for their ability to produce chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase extracellular hydrolytic enzymes. Isolates ThJt1 and TvHt2, out of 12 isolates, produced maximum activities of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase, respectively. In vitro production of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase by isolates ThJt1 and TvHt2 was tested under different cultural conditions. The enzyme activities were significantly influenced by acidic pH and the optimum temperature was 30 °C. The chitin and cell walls of Sclerotium rolfsii, as carbon sources, supported the maximum and significantly higher chitinase activity by both isolates. The chitinase activity of isolate ThJt1 was suppressed significantly by fructose (80.28%), followed by glucose (77.42%), whereas the β-1,3-glucanase activity of ThJt1 and both enzymes of isolate TvHt2 were significantly suppressed by fructose, followed by sucrose. Ammonium nitrate as nitrogen source supported the maximum activity of chitinase in both isolates, whereas urea was a poor nitrogen source. Production of both enzymes by the isolates was significantly influenced by the cultural conditions. Thus, the isolates ThJt1 and TvHt2 showed higher levels of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase activities and were capable of hydrolyzing the mycelium of S. rolfsii infecting tobacco. These organisms can be used therefore for assessment of their synergism in biomass production and biocontrol efficacy and for their field biocontrol ability against S. rolfsii and Pythium aphanidermatum infecting tobacco. PMID:26887223

  10. 1995 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    BAILEY JASON E. ECCLES ROBERT M. GIGUERE DAVID J. CORREA , JR. JORDAN S. KELLY VINCENT L. PETRASEK JEFFREY L. WILKERSON TIMOTHY C. WILLlAMS CLARK D. WILSON...07W TY Gary 08W TY Helen 09W TS Irving 10W TS Janis lIW TD 12W STY Kent 13W TY Lois 14W TY Mark 15W TS Nina 16W TD 17W STY Oscar Individual Tropical...14W TY MARK 15W TS NINA 16W TD 17W STY OSCAR 18W TY POLLY 19W STY RYAN 20W TY SIBYL 21W TD 22W TD 23w TD 24W TY TED 25W TS VAL 26W STY WARD 27w TY

  11. Light on curved backgrounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batic, D.; Nelson, S.; Nowakowski, M.

    2015-05-01

    We consider the motion of light on different spacetime manifolds by calculating the deflection angle, lensing properties and by probing into the possibility of bound states. The metrics in which we examine the light motion include, among other items, a general relativistic dark matter metric, a dirty black hole, and a worm hole metric, the last two inspired by noncommutative geometry. The lensing in a holographic screen metric is discussed in detail. We study also the bending of light around naked singularities like, e.g., the Janis-Newman-Winicour metric and include other cases. A generic property of light behavior in these exotic metrics is pointed out. For the standard metric like the Schwarzschild and Schwarzschild-de Sitter cases, we improve the accuracy of the lensing results for the weak and strong regimes.

  12. Preventing Groupthink Revisited: Evaluating and Reforming Groups in Government.

    PubMed

    Hart

    1998-02-01

    This article critically examines Janis's recommendations for preventing groupthink in high-level policymaking. It puts forward three models of small group functioning in government, each of which highlights different dimensions of collegial policymaking and distinct criteria for evaluating group performance. Each model also inspires different proposals for groupthink prevention and improvement of group performance in general. Proposals for designing and managing high-level groups in government need to take into account these multiple perspectives. Furthermore, their proponents should be aware of the institutionalized and competitive context in which political decision groups operate. Evaluations of their performance and proposals for reforming them are inevitably tied up in this process. This has important implications for the feasibility of recommendations set forth by small group analysts. The article concludes with an agenda for increasing the policy relevance and practical feasibility of research on political decision groups. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  13. Effects of dominance on group decision making: toward a stress-reduction explanation of groupthink.

    PubMed

    Callaway, M R; Marriott, R G; Esser, J K

    1985-10-01

    Janis (1972) proposed that groupthink is essentially a stress-reduction process. Cohesive groups reduce the stress of decision making by suppressing critical inquiry. Theoretically, groupthink could be prevented in cohesive groups if the stress could be diffused by other factors. We investigated the effects of task structure (decision-making procedures) and an individual factor (dominance) on the quality of group decision making, anxiety, and symptoms of groupthink. Students (n = 112) participated in twenty-eight 4-person, mixed-sex groups. Groups composed of highly dominant members made higher quality decisions, exhibited lower state anxiety, and took more time to reach a decision. They also tended to make more statements of disagreement and agreement, and to report more group influence on the members. Decision-making procedures had little effect on the decision process.

  14. Cosmic Perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, S. K.; Mallik, D. C. V.; Vishveshwara, C. V.

    2008-07-01

    1. Astronomy in ancient and medieval China Joseph Needham; 2. Indian astronomy: an historical perspective B. V. Subbarayappa; 3. Making of astronomy in ancient India Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya; 4. The impact of astronomy on the development of western science Jean-Claude Pecker; 5. Man and the Universe Hubert Reeves; 6. Understanding the Universe - challenges and directions in modern observational astronomy Harlan Smith, Jr: 7. Frontiers in cosmology Fred Hoyle; 8. Did the Universe originate in a big bang? Jayant Narlikar; 9. The dark matter problem Bernard Carr; 10. Geometry and the Universe C. V. Vishveshwara; 11. The origin and evolution of life Cyril Ponnamperuma; 12. The anthropic principle: self selection as an adjunct to natural selection Brandon Carter; 13. Astrology and science: an examination of the evidence Ivan Kelly, Roger Culver and Peter Loptson; 14. Astronomy and science fiction Allen Janis.

  15. Cosmic Perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, S. K.; Mallik, D. C. V.; Vishveshwara, C. V.

    1989-09-01

    1. Astronomy in ancient and medieval China Joseph Needham; 2. Indian astronomy: an historical perspective B. V. Subbarayappa; 3. Making of astronomy in ancient India Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya; 4. The impact of astronomy on the development of western science Jean-Claude Pecker; 5. Man and the Universe Hubert Reeves; 6. Understanding the Universe - challenges and directions in modern observational astronomy Harlan Smith, Jr: 7. Frontiers in cosmology Fred Hoyle; 8. Did the Universe originate in a big bang? Jayant Narlikar; 9. The dark matter problem Bernard Carr; 10. Geometry and the Universe C. V. Vishveshwara; 11. The origin and evolution of life Cyril Ponnamperuma; 12. The anthropic principle: self selection as an adjunct to natural selection Brandon Carter; 13. Astrology and science: an examination of the evidence Ivan Kelly, Roger Culver and Peter Loptson; 14. Astronomy and science fiction Allen Janis.

  16. Properties of Robinson-Trautman solution with scalar hair

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tahamtan, T.; Svítek, O.

    2016-09-01

    An explicit Robinson-Trautman solution with a minimally coupled free scalar field was derived and analyzed recently. It was shown that this solution possesses a curvature singularity which is initially naked but later enveloped by a horizon. However, this study concentrated on the general branch of the solution where all free constants are nonzero. Interesting special cases arise when some of the parameters are set to zero. In most of these cases, the scalar field is still present. One of the cases is a static solution which represents a parametric limit of the Janis-Newman-Winicour scalar field spacetime. Additionally, we provide a calculation of the Bondi mass which clarifies the interpretation of the general solution. Finally, by a complex rotation of a parameter describing the strength of the scalar field, we obtain a dynamical wormhole solution.

  17. Sex differences in self-concept in Spanish secondary school students.

    PubMed

    Sotelo, M J

    2000-12-01

    The aims of the study were to examine differences between boys and girls in global self-esteem and in specific domains of self-concept. Several measures of global self-esteem and multidimensional self-concept were administered to 61 boys and 64 girls. Analysis showed that boys reported higher scores than girls on global self-esteem, measured on the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory and the Feelings of Inadequacy Scale by Janis-Field, but this result was not reproduced when self-esteem was measured on the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. No differences have been found in domain-specific self-concepts, except for the ethical-moral self-concept, on which girls reported higher scores than boys.

  18. Low temperature readout circuit characteristics of low dimensional compound semiconductor photodetectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Jie; Wang, Wei; Lu, Haidong; Guo, Fangmin

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we analyze the necessity of design of low temperature readout circuit. Since the photodetector should work in low temperature environment, it is necessary for the readout circuit with low temperature readout function. Meanwhile, the influence factors of ultra - low temperature on the CMOS readout circuit are analyzed. The main influencing factors are carrier freezing analysis, current mutation (Kink) and mobility change. Finally, we used JANIS SHI-4-2 liquid helium cycle refrigeration system as a refrigeration instrument, and do the test for the readout circuit at ultra -low-temperature. When the temperature of cold head of the cooling system reach to the minimum temperature (4.85K) and maintain 5 hours, Si substrate' temperature reaches the minimum temperature (50.1K). By adjusting the static operating point voltage, we find that the circuit still works well.

  19. Revisiting the Bay of Pigs and Vietnam Decisions 25 Years Later: How Well Has the Groupthink Hypothesis Stood the Test of Time?

    PubMed

    Kramer

    1998-02-01

    Even after a quarter of a century, the groupthink hypothesis remains an influential framework for understanding the origins of group decision making fiascoes. Much of the original empirical evidence for this hypothesis was derived from a series of incisive qualitative studies of major policy fiascoes, including the ill-fated Bay of Pigs invasion and U.S. military escalation of the Vietnam War. In the 25 years since the groupthink hypothesis was first formulated, new evidence, including recently declassified documents, rich oral histories, and informative memoirs by key participants in these decisions have become available to scholars, casting new light on the decision making process behind both the Bay of Pigs and Vietnam. Much of this new evidence does not support Janis's original characterization of these processes. In particular, it suggests that dysfunctional group dynamics stemming from group members' strivings to maintain group cohesiveness were not as prominent a causal factor in the deliberation process as Janis argued. Instead, the evidence suggests that the decision making process was heavily influenced by how Presidents Kennedy and Johnson construed their options. Both Kennedy and Johnson tended to evaluate their alternatives primarily in terms of their political consequences, especially the desire to avoid what they construed as unacceptable political losses and potential damage to their reputations. Viewed in aggregate, this new evidence suggests that the groupthink hypothesis overstates the influence of small group dynamics, while understating the role political considerations played in these decisions. Thus, although both decisions may have been seriously flawed, the logic of this failure should be attributed to political psychological rather than social psychological processes. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  20. Reproductive biology and its impact on body size: comparative analysis of mammalian, avian and dinosaurian reproduction.

    PubMed

    Werner, Jan; Griebeler, Eva Maria

    2011-01-01

    Janis and Carrano (1992) suggested that large dinosaurs might have faced a lower risk of extinction under ecological changes than similar-sized mammals because large dinosaurs had a higher potential reproductive output than similar-sized mammals (JC hypothesis). First, we tested the assumption underlying the JC hypothesis. We therefore analysed the potential reproductive output (reflected in clutch/litter size and annual offspring number) of extant terrestrial mammals and birds (as "dinosaur analogs") and of extinct dinosaurs. With the exception of rodents, the differences in the reproductive output of similar-sized birds and mammals proposed by Janis and Carrano (1992) existed even at the level of single orders. Fossil dinosaur clutches were larger than litters of similar-sized mammals, and dinosaur clutch sizes were comparable to those of similar-sized birds. Because the extinction risk of extant species often correlates with a low reproductive output, the latter difference suggests a lower risk of population extinction in dinosaurs than in mammals. Second, we present a very simple, mathematical model that demonstrates the advantage of a high reproductive output underlying the JC hypothesis. It predicts that a species with a high reproductive output that usually faces very high juvenile mortalities will benefit more strongly in terms of population size from reduced juvenile mortalities (e.g., resulting from a stochastic reduction in population size) than a species with a low reproductive output that usually comprises low juvenile mortalities. Based on our results, we suggest that reproductive strategy could have contributed to the evolution of the exceptional gigantism seen in dinosaurs that does not exist in extant terrestrial mammals. Large dinosaurs, e.g., the sauropods, may have easily sustained populations of very large-bodied species over evolutionary time.

  1. Reproductive Biology and Its Impact on Body Size: Comparative Analysis of Mammalian, Avian and Dinosaurian Reproduction

    PubMed Central

    Werner, Jan; Griebeler, Eva Maria

    2011-01-01

    Janis and Carrano (1992) suggested that large dinosaurs might have faced a lower risk of extinction under ecological changes than similar-sized mammals because large dinosaurs had a higher potential reproductive output than similar-sized mammals (JC hypothesis). First, we tested the assumption underlying the JC hypothesis. We therefore analysed the potential reproductive output (reflected in clutch/litter size and annual offspring number) of extant terrestrial mammals and birds (as “dinosaur analogs”) and of extinct dinosaurs. With the exception of rodents, the differences in the reproductive output of similar-sized birds and mammals proposed by Janis and Carrano (1992) existed even at the level of single orders. Fossil dinosaur clutches were larger than litters of similar-sized mammals, and dinosaur clutch sizes were comparable to those of similar-sized birds. Because the extinction risk of extant species often correlates with a low reproductive output, the latter difference suggests a lower risk of population extinction in dinosaurs than in mammals. Second, we present a very simple, mathematical model that demonstrates the advantage of a high reproductive output underlying the JC hypothesis. It predicts that a species with a high reproductive output that usually faces very high juvenile mortalities will benefit more strongly in terms of population size from reduced juvenile mortalities (e.g., resulting from a stochastic reduction in population size) than a species with a low reproductive output that usually comprises low juvenile mortalities. Based on our results, we suggest that reproductive strategy could have contributed to the evolution of the exceptional gigantism seen in dinosaurs that does not exist in extant terrestrial mammals. Large dinosaurs, e.g., the sauropods, may have easily sustained populations of very large-bodied species over evolutionary time. PMID:22194835

  2. On the Enthalpy of Formation of Hydroxyl Radical and Gas-Phase Bond Dissociation Energies of Water and Hydroxyl

    SciTech Connect

    Ruscic, Branko; Wagner, Albert F.; Harding, Lawerence B.; Asher, Robert L.; Feller, David F. ); Dixon, David A. ); Peterson, Kirk A.; Song, Yang; Qian, Ximei; Ng, C Y.; Liu, Jianbo; Wenwu, Chen

    2001-12-01

    Several photoionization experiments utilizing the positive ion cycle to derive the O-H bond energy converge to a consensus value of AE0(OH+/H2O)= 146117? 24 cm-1 (18.1162? 0.0030 eV). With the most accurate currently available ZEKE value. IE(OH)= 104989? 2 cm-1, corroborated by a number of photoelectron measurements,Error! Bookmark not defined.,Error! Bookmark not defined.,Error! Bookmark not defined.,Error! Bookmark not defined. this leads to D0(H?OH)= 41128? 24 cm-1= 117.59? 0.07 kcal/mol. This corresponds to DHf 0(OH)= 8.85? 0.07 kcal/mol, and implies D0(OH)= 35593? 24 cm-1= 101.76? 0.07 kcal/mol. The most sophisticated theoretical calculations performed so far on the HxO system, CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVnZ, n=Q, 5, 6, and 7, extrapolated to the CBS limit and including corrections for core-valence effects, scalar relativistic effects, incomplete correlation recovery, and diagonal Born-Oppenheimer corrections reproduce the experimental results to within 0.0 - 0.2 k cal/mol. The new values of the two successive bond dissociation energies of water supersede the previously accepted values,Error! Bookmark not defined.,Error! Bookmark not defined. which were based on spectroscopic determinationsError! Bookmark not defined.,Error! Bookmark not defined. of D0(OH) using a very short Birge-Sponer extrapolation on OH/OD A1S+. An exhaustive analysis of the latter approach, combined with the application of the same procedure on a calculated potential energy curve for the state in question, demonstrates that the Birge-Sponer extrapolation underestimates the bond dissociation energy, in spite of the fact that only the last vibrational level was not observed experimentally. The new values affect a large number of other thermochemical quantities which directly or indirectly rely on or refer to D0(H-OH), D0(OH), or DHf?(OH).

  3. Preservation of Sub-Microscopic Scale Structural Relics in Biotite: Implications for 40AR/39AR Geochronology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beltrando, M.; Di Vincenzo, G.; Ferraris, C.

    2012-12-01

    Relic crystals of magmatic biotite that undewent eclogite facies metamorphism were investigated by laser step-heating and laser in-situ 40Ar/39Ar techniques, in conjunction with SEM, EMP and TEM analyses, to elucidate the influence of recrystallization on K-Ar systematics. Samples were collected from meta-granitoids of the Gran Paradiso Massif (Western Alps), emplaced at upper crustal depths (P~0.25-0.35 GPa) in the Permian and metamorphosed at P>2.0 GPa and T~500-600°C in the Middle-Late Eocene. Two different samples, which underwent different degrees of Alpine re-equilibration, were examined. Sample JT1007 still preserves the original cm-sized magmatic quartz, k-feldspar and brown biotite (Bt 1), rarely rimmed by small green biotite crystals (Bt 2) related to Alpine metamorphism. Sample JT1008, instead, is characterized by a larger degree of Alpine re-equilibration, with static re-crystallization of the original magmatic quartz into aggregates of fine-grained polygonal crystals and common green biotite rims around brown Bt 1. Compositional profiling across Bt 1 in sample JT1007 reveals a progressive decrease in Ti content towards the crystal rims, which overlap with the composition of Bt 2. Compositional profiling across Bt 1 in sample JT1008, instead, reveals a homogeneous Ti content across the grain. This compositional pattern is mirrored by TEM investigation at the sub-micron scale, revealing a systematic zoning in Bt 1 from sample JT1007, with high-temperature magmatic politypes, surrounded by 1M politypes, still preserved in crystal cores. Crystal rims, instead, are characterized by 1M politypes only. Biotites from JT1008, instead, are homogeneous, solely consisting of 1M politypes. Infrared laser step-heating experiments on mineral separates from the two samples gave contrasting results: JT1008 yielded a flat spectrum, for more than 90% of the released 39ArK, with an error-weighted mean age of 36.5±0.3 Ma; JT1007 yielded a slightly saddle-shaped profile

  4. Assessment of physical fitness and exercise tolerance in children with developmental coordination disorder.

    PubMed

    Farhat, Faiçal; Hsairi, Ines; Baiti, Hamza; Cairney, John; Mchirgui, Radhouane; Masmoudi, Kaouthar; Padulo, Johnny; Triki, Chahinez; Moalla, Wassim

    2015-01-01

    Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have been shown to be less physically fit when compared to their typically developing peers. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships among body composition, physical fitness and exercise tolerance in children with and without DCD. Thirty-seven children between the ages of 7 and 9 years participated in this study. Participants were classified according to results obtained on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC) and were divided in 2 groups: 19 children with DCD and 18 children without DCD. All children performed the following physical fitness tests: The five-jump test (5JT), the triple-hop distance (THD) and the modified agility test (MAT). Walking distance was assessed using the 6-min walking test (6MWT). Children with DCD showed higher scores than children without DCD in all MABC subscale scores, as well as in the total score (p<0.001). Participants with DCD were found to perform significantly worse on the MAT (p<0.001), the THD (p<0.001) and 5JT (p<0.05). Moreover, children with DCD had poorer performance on the 6MWT than children without DCD (p<0.01). Our results found significant correlations among body mass index (BMI), THD (r=0.553, p<0.05), 5JT (r=0.480, p<0.05) and 6MWT (r=0.544, p<0.05) only in DCD group. A significant correlation between MAT and 5JT (r=-0.493, p<0.05) was found. Similarly, THD and 5JT (r=0.611, p<0.01) was found to be correlated in children with DCD. We also found relationships among 6MWT and MAT (r=-0.522, p<0.05) and the 6MWT and 5JT (r=0.472, p<0.05) in DCD group. In addition, we found gender specific patterns in the relationship between exercise tolerance, explosive strength, power, DCD, and BMI. In conclusion, the present study revealed that BMI was indicative of poorer explosive strength, power and exercise tolerance in children with DCD compared to children without DCD probably due to a limited coordination on motor control.

  5. Decorated Shastry-Sutherland lattice in the spin-(1)/(2) magnet CdCu2(BO3)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janson, O.; Rousochatzakis, I.; Tsirlin, A. A.; Richter, J.; Skourski, Yu.; Rosner, H.

    2012-02-01

    We report the microscopic magnetic model for the spin-1/2 Heisenberg system CdCu2(BO3)2, one of the few quantum magnets showing the 1/2-magnetization plateau. Recent neutron diffraction experiments on this compound [M. Hase , Phys. Rev. BPLRBAQ0556-280510.1103/PhysRevB.80.104405 80, 104405 (2009)] evidenced long-range magnetic order, inconsistent with the previously suggested phenomenological magnetic model of isolated dimers and spin chains. Based on extensive density functional theory band structure calculations, exact diagonalizations, quantum Monte Carlo simulations, third-order perturbation theory as well as high-field magnetization measurements, we find that the magnetic properties of CdCu2(BO3)2 are accounted for by a frustrated quasi-2D magnetic model featuring four inequivalent exchange couplings: the leading antiferromagnetic coupling Jd within the structural Cu2O6 dimers, two interdimer couplings Jt1 and Jt2, forming magnetic tetramers, and a ferromagnetic coupling Jit between the tetramers. Based on comparison to the experimental data, we evaluate the ratios of the leading couplings Jd : Jt1 : Jt2 : Jit = 1 : 0.20 : 0.45 : -0.30, with Jd of about 178 K. The inequivalence of Jt1 and Jt2 largely lifts the frustration and triggers long-range antiferromagnetic ordering. The proposed model accounts correctly for the different magnetic moments localized on structurally inequivalent Cu atoms in the ground-state magnetic configuration. We extensively analyze the magnetic properties of this model, including a detailed description of the magnetically ordered ground state and its evolution in magnetic field with particular emphasis on the 1/2-magnetization plateau. Our results establish remarkable analogies to the Shastry-Sutherland model of SrCu2(BO3)2, and characterize the closely related CdCu2(BO3)2 as a material realization for the spin-1/2 decorated anisotropic Shastry-Sutherland lattice.

  6. Evaluation of uncertainty in the adjustment of fundamental constants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bodnar, Olha; Elster, Clemens; Fischer, Joachim; Possolo, Antonio; Toman, Blaza

    2016-02-01

    Combining multiple measurement results for the same quantity is an important task in metrology and in many other areas. Examples include the determination of fundamental constants, the calculation of reference values in interlaboratory comparisons, or the meta-analysis of clinical studies. However, neither the GUM nor its supplements give any guidance for this task. Various approaches are applied such as weighted least-squares in conjunction with the Birge ratio or random effects models. While the former approach, which is based on a location-scale model, is particularly popular in metrology, the latter represents a standard tool used in statistics for meta-analysis. We investigate the reliability and robustness of the location-scale model and the random effects model with particular focus on resulting coverage or credible intervals. The interval estimates are obtained by adopting a Bayesian point of view in conjunction with a non-informative prior that is determined by a currently favored principle for selecting non-informative priors. Both approaches are compared by applying them to simulated data as well as to data for the Planck constant and the Newtonian constant of gravitation. Our results suggest that the proposed Bayesian inference based on the random effects model is more reliable and less sensitive to model misspecifications than the approach based on the location-scale model.

  7. Laser spectroscopy of CdKr molecules in ultraviolet region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koperski, J.; Łukomski, M.; Czajkowski, M.

    2002-10-01

    Excitation spectra of the A0 +(5 3P 1)←X0 +(5 1S 0), B1(5 3P 1)←X0 + and D1(5 1P 1)←X0 + transitions as well as a fluorescence spectrum of the D1 v'=16 →X0 + transition in CdKr van der Waals molecule has been recorded in an experiment of a continuous supersonic molecular beam crossed with a pulsed dye laser beam. A rigorous analysis of the excitation spectra based on Birge-Sponer and LeRoy-Bernstein methods aided with a computer calculation, utilizing a program of near dissociation expansion lead to the X0 +- and improved A0 +-, B1- and D1-state characterizations. Evidence of a theoretically predicted potential barrier within the B1-state well was found and discussed with regard to the latest result of ab initio calculation. An analysis of bound-bound and bound-free parts of the fluorescence spectrum confirmed a v'-assignment and indicated that Morse and Maitland-Smith M-S ( n0, n1) functions are adequate representations of the bound well and repulsive wall of the X0 +-state potential energy curve, respectively. All spectroscopic characteristics obtained in this work are compared with newest theoretical studies of this complex.

  8. LITERATURE REVIEW AND REPORT: SURFACE-SEDIMENT ...

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    A literature review was conducted to identify available surface sediment sampling technologies with an ability to collect undisturbed sediments to depths of up to 1 meter below the water sediment interface. This survey was conducted using published literature and references, Environmental Protection Agency reports, professional sources, journal articles, internet web sites, sales brochures, and other sources as identified. For each piece of sampling equipment or sampling tool identified during the literature search, the following information was collected: general description of the equipment or tool, including its size, shape, weight, and composition; manufacturer's name, address, phone number, and email; a picture of the equipment or tool; the general mechanism of operation; sample volume collected; chemical and physical compatibility concerns; labor requirements; cost; and other requirements such as electrical power or specialized training. Sampling methodologies included in this investigation are grab or core types of sampling devices, as these types are most typically used in collecting surface sediments. In this review, 40 samplers were identified that included 13 grab samplers and 27 core samplers. Grab samplers included in the review are the Ponar, Birge-Ekman, Van Veen, Peterson, Mud Snapper, Scoopfish, Shipek, Smith-McIntyre, and others. Core samplers included in the review are the piston, splitcore, box, Vibracore, Mackereth, Ballchek, Craib, Gomex,

  9. Medium-resolution studies of extreme ultraviolet emission from N2 by electron impact - Vibrational perturbations and cross sections of the c4-prime 1Sigma(+)u and b-prime 1Sigma(+)u states

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ajello, Joseph M.; James, Geoffrey K.; Franklin, Brian O.; Shemansky, Donald E.

    1989-01-01

    In a crossed-beam experiment the electron-impact-induced fluorescence spectrum of N2 in the extreme ultraviolet is studied at a spectral resolution of up to 0.03 nm. The optically thin experiment obtained the highest-resolution electron-impact emission spectrum of the Rydberg and valence states of N2. The spectral measurements provide the emission cross sections of each of the vibrational transitions of the Carroll-Yoshino and the Birge-Hopfield-II band systems. Laboratory vibrational-excitation cross sections arising from the mutual perturbation of the c4-prime 1Sigma(+)u and b-prime 1Sigma(+)u states by homogeneous configuration interactions are measured from 10 to 400 eV, and a modified Born approximation analytic model is given for them. The analysis leads to accurate band-system oscillator strengths. The relative emission and excitation cross sections each of the vibrational levels are compared. In addition, low-resolution measurements of the cross section of the atomic dissociation fragments (NI, NII, NIII) from 40 to 102 nm are made, and medium-resolution measurements are made of the emission cross section of the c4 1Pi(u), c5-prime 1Sigma(+)u, c5 1Pi(u), and c6-prime 1Sigma(+)u to X 1Sigma(+)g (0,0) transitions.

  10. Near Threshold Excitation of Molecular Nitrogen: Benchmarking Cross Sections for Upper Atmospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malone, C. P.; Johnson, P. V.; Hein, J. D.; Grisanti, B.; Khakoo, M. A.

    2013-12-01

    Molecular nitrogen is the major component in the atmospheres of Earth, Titan, and Triton. The airglow emissions of N2 from the atmospheres of Earth and planetary satellites have been extensively observed. Accurate, consistent cross section data is a necessity for accurate models of how upper atmospheres behave. We present electron energy-loss (EEL) derived excitation cross sections for near-threshold electron impact of N2. Differential cross sections (DCSs) and integral cross sections (ICSs) were obtained by unfolding EEL spectra in the ~6-11eV range for the A 3Σu+, B 3Πg, W 3Δu, B‧ 3Σu-, a‧ 1Σu-, a 1Πg, w 1Δu, and C 1Πu electronic states over the ~15-130° scattering angular range. Vibrationally-resolved DCSs and ICSs were obtained for stronger vibronic transitions, including the a 1Πg state, which generates the atmospherically important Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) emissions. The summed near-threshold excitation cross sections (A+...+C) generally are larger than previous measurements. Acknowledgement: This work was performed at CSUF and JPL, Caltech, under contract with NASA. We gratefully acknowledge financial support through NASA's PATM and GEO programs and NSF-PHY-RUI-0965793.

  11. Filters for the International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) mission far ultraviolet imager

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zukic, Muamer; Torr, Douglas G.; Kim, Jongmin; Spann, James F.; Torr, Marsha R.

    1993-01-01

    The far ultraviolet (FUV) imager for the International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) mission is designed to image four features of the aurora: O I lines at 130.4 nm and 135.6 nm and the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) bands between 140 nm - 160 nm (LBH long) and 160 nm - 180 nm (LBH long). In this paper we report the design and fabrication of narrow-band and broadband filters for the ISTP FUV imager. Narrow-band filters designed and fabricated for the O I lines have a bandwidth of less than 5 nm and a peak transmittance of 23.9 percent and 38.3 percent at 130.4 nm and 135.6 nm, respectively. Broadband filters designed and fabricated for LBH bands have the transmittance close to 60 percent. Blocking of out-of-band wavelengths for all filters is better than 5x10(exp -3) percent with the transmittance at 121.6 nm of less than 10(exp -6) percent.

  12. THE FAR-ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRAL SIGNATURES OF FORMALDEHYDE AND CARBON DIOXIDE IN COMETS

    SciTech Connect

    Feldman, Paul D.; Lupu, Roxana E.; McCandliss, Stephan R.; Weaver, Harold A.

    2009-07-10

    Observations of four comets made with the Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer show the rotational envelope of the (0,0) band of the CO Hopfield-Birge system (C {sup 1}{sigma}{sup +}- X {sup 1}{sigma}{sup +}) at 1088 A to consist of both 'cold' and 'hot' components, the 'cold' component accounting for {approx}75% of the flux and with a rotational temperature in the range 55 K-75 K. We identify the 'hot' component as coming from the dissociation of CO{sub 2} into rotationally 'hot' CO, with electron impact dissociation probably dominant over photodissociation near the nucleus. An additional weak, broad satellite band is seen centered near the position of the P(40) line that we attribute to CO fluorescence from a non-thermal high J rotational population produced by photodissociation of formaldehyde into CO and H{sub 2}. This process also leaves the H{sub 2} preferentially populated in excited vibrational levels which are identified by fluorescent H{sub 2} lines in the spectrum excited by solar O VI {lambda}1031.9 and solar Ly{alpha}. The amount of H{sub 2} produced by H{sub 2}CO dissociation is comparable to the amount produced by photodissociation of H{sub 2}O. Electron impact excitation of CO, rather than resonance fluorescence, appears to be the primary source of the observed B {sup 1}{sigma}{sup +}- X {sup 1}{sigma}{sup +}(0,0) band at 1151 A.

  13. New Observations of Molecular Nitrogen by the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph on MAVEN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevens, Michael H.; Evans, J. S.; Schneider, Nicholas M.; Stewart, A. I. F.; Deighan, Justin; Jain, Sonal K.; Crismani, Matteo M. J.; Stiepen, Arnaud; Chaffin, Michael S.; McClintock, William E.; Holsclaw, Greg M.; Lefevre, Franck; Montmessin, Franck; Lo, Daniel Y.; Clarke, John T.; Bougher, Stephen W.; Jakosky, Bruce M.

    2015-11-01

    The Martian ultraviolet dayglow provides information on the basic state of the Martian upper atmosphere. The Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) on NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission has observed Mars at mid and far-UV wavelengths since its arrival in September 2014. In this work, we describe a linear regression method used to extract components of UV spectra from IUVS limb observations and focus in particular on molecular nitrogen (N2) photoelectron excited emissions. We identify N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) emissions for the first time at Mars and we also confirm the tentative identification of N2 Vegard-Kaplan (VK) emissions. We compare observed VK and LBH limb radiance profiles to model results between 90 and 210 km. Finally, we compare retrieved N2 density profiles to general circulation (GCM) model results. Contrary to earlier analyses using other satellite data that indicated N2 densities were a factor of three less than predictions, we find that N2 abundances exceed GCM results by about a factor of two at 130 km but are in agreement at 150 km.

  14. Inferred effects of lake acidification on Daphnia galeata mendotae

    SciTech Connect

    Keller, W. ); Yan, N.D.; Holtze, K.E. ); Pitblado, J.R. )

    1990-08-01

    Large numbers of Canadian Shield lakes have been acidified by the atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic sulfur. Biological damage attributable to acidification occurs at all levels of aquatic food webs; however, documentation of this damage has largely been confined to areas near large point sources of air pollutants, to small numbers of study lakes, or to experimentally acidified lakes. Demonstrations of widespread biological effects of acidification have been greatly hampered by the general absence of observations of the occurrence or abundance of important, ubiquitous species in large numbers of lakes ranging widely in acidity, coupled with laboratory determinations of lethal acid thresholds for these species. In consequence, it has been necessary to estimate rather than to document the regional extent of biological damage in North America. In this report the authors couple determination of the lethal acid threshold of Daphnia galeata mendotae Birge, a large, ubiquitous, planktonic crustacean, with results of extensive lake surveys, to examine if the acidification of lakes in Ontario has resulted in widespread losses of this important member of the zooplankton.

  15. Extreme- and far-ultraviolet environment at shuttle altitudes

    SciTech Connect

    Chakrabarti, S.

    1987-01-01

    The astronomical data obtained by the Far Ultraviolet Space Telescope (FAUST) and the Very Wide Field Camera (VWFC) on board the Spacelab I mission have triggered questions on the natural and induced Extreme and Far Ultraviolet (EUV and FUV) environment of the space shuttle. Moreover, the recent discovery of approx. lk Rayleighs N/sub 2/ Lyman Birge Hopfield (LBH) nightglow emissions by the U.S. Air Force's S3-4 satellite, and subsequent confirmation by the Imaging Spectrometric Observatory (ISO) experiment on the Spacelab I mission have serious implications for the astronomical observations from the shuttle. Since both ISO and S3-4 experiments were conducted from shuttle altitudes, the implied EUV and FUV environment for astronomical observations can be severe. In order to address the question of the suitability of the shuttle as an astronomical platform, data from FAUST and other experiments were examined. It is concluded that the FAUST background is most likely due to the observation of tropical UV arcs, a natural airglow phenomenon. Strategies for future shuttle experiments to overcome this and other natural emissions are discussed.

  16. Determination of sprite streamers altitude based on N2 spectroscopic analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ihaddadene, Mohand A.; Celestin, Sebastien

    2017-01-01

    Future space missions (e.g., ASIM and TARANIS) are soon to be launched to observe transient luminous events (TLEs) from a nadir-viewing geometry. The mission GLIMS already performed observations of TLEs from a nadir-viewing geometry on board the International Space Station. Although this observation geometry is of first interest to study TLEs, it makes the determination of some quantities, such as streamer altitudes, very difficult. In this study, we propose a method to estimate the altitude of downward propagating sprite streamers using a spectrophotometric approach. Using a plasma fluid model, we simulate sprite streamers at different altitudes and quantify their optical emissions in the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) (˜100-260 nm), the first positive (1PN2) (˜650-1070 nm), and the second positive (2PN2) (˜330-450 nm) bands systems of molecular nitrogen and the first negative (1NN2+) (˜390-430 nm) bands systems of N2+. The estimation of associated ratios allows to trace back the electric field in the streamer head as well as the altitude at which the streamer is propagating owing to different dependencies of quenching processes on the air density. The method takes into account the nonsteady state of the populations of some excited species and the exponential expansion of the streamer. The reported results could potentially be used for all TLEs but is of special interest in the case of column sprites or at the early stage of carrot sprites.

  17. Cassini UVIS observations of Titan ultraviolet airglow intensity dependence with solar zenith angle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Royer, E. M.; Ajello, J. M.; Holsclaw, G. M.; West, R. A.; Esposito, L. W.; Bradley, E. T.

    2017-01-01

    The Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (UVIS) observed the airglow (dayglow and nightglow) of Titan over a range of solar zenith angles (SZA) from 14 to 150° on five separate observations obtained between 2008 and 2012. The modeling of the solar cycle normalized UVIS observations indicates that a Chapman layer function provides a satisfactory fit to the intensity of the EUV and FUV airglow molecular emissions of the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield band system (LBH a1Πg→X1>∑g+), the Carroll-Yoshino band system (c4'1>∑u+→X1>∑g+), and of several atomic multiplets of nitrogen (NI, II) as a function of SZA. This result shows that the strongest contribution to the Titan dayglow occurs by processes (photoelectrons and photodissociation) involving the solar EUV flux rather than magnetospheric particle precipitation that dominates emission excitation in the nightglow.

  18. The EUV dayglow at high spectral resolution

    SciTech Connect

    Morrison, M.D.; Bowers, C.W.; Feldman, P.D. ); Meier, R.R. )

    1990-04-01

    Rocket observations of the dayglow spectrum of the terrestrial atmosphere between 840 {angstrom} and 1860 {angstrom} at 2 {angstrom} resolution were obtained with a sounding rocket payload flown on January 17, 1985. Additionally, spectra were also obtained using a 0.125-m focal length scanning Ebert-Fastie monochromator covering the wavelength interval of 1150-1550 {angstrom} at 7 {angstrom} resolution on this flight and on a sounding rocket flight on August 29, 1983, under similar viewing geometries and solar zenith angles. Three bands of the N{sub 2} c{prime}{sub 4} system are seen clearly resolved in the dayglow. Analysis of high-resolution N{sub 2} Lyman-Birge-Hopfield data shows no anomalous vibrational distribution as has been reported from other observations. The altitude profiles of the observed O and N{sub 2} emissions demonstrate that the MSIS-83 model O and N{sub 2} densities are appropriate for the conditions of both the 1983 and 1985 rocket flights. A reduction of a factor of 2 in the model O{sub 2} density is required for both flights to reproduce the low-altitude atomic oxygen emission profiles. The volume excitation rates calculated using the Hinteregger et al. (1981) SC{number sign}21REFW solar reference spectrum and the photoelectron flux model of Strickland and Meier (1982) need to be scaled upward by a factor of 1.4 for both fights to match the observations.

  19. Vacuum-ultraviolet instrumentation for solar irradiance and thermospheric airglow

    SciTech Connect

    Woods, T.N.; Rottman, G.J. . High Altitude Observatory); Bailey, S.M.; Solomon, S.C. . Lab. for Atmospheric and Space Physics)

    1994-02-01

    A NASA sounding rocket experiment was developed to study the solar extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) spectral irradiance and its effect on the upper atmosphere. Both the solar flux and the terrestrial molecular nitrogen via the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands in the far-ultraviolet (FUV) region were measured remotely from a sounding rocket on October 27, 1992. The rocket experiments also includes EUV instruments from Boston University, but only the National Center for Atmospheric Research's (NCAR)/University of Colorado's (CU) four solar instruments and one airglow instrument are discussed. The primary solar EUV instrument is a 0.25-m Rowland circle EUV spectrograph that has flown on three rockets since 1988 measuring the solar spectral irradiance from 30 to 110 nm with 0.2-nm resolution. Another solar irradiance instrument is an array of six silicon soft x-ray (XUV) photodiodes, each having different metallic filters coated directly on the photodiodes. The other solar irradiance instrument is a silicon avalanche photodiode coupled with pulse height analyzer electronics. The fourth solar instrument is a XUV imager that images the sun at 17.5 nm with a spatial resolution of 20 arc sec. The airglow spectrograph measures the terrestrial FUV airglow emissions along the horizon from 125 to 160 nm with 0.2-nm spectral resolution.

  20. Integral cross sections for the direct excitation of the A 3 (sigma) u +, B 3 (pi) g, W 3 (delta) u, B' 3 (sigma) u -, a' 1 (sigma) u -, a 1 (pi) g, w 1 (delta) u, and C 3 (pi) u electronic states in

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, P. V.; Malone, C. P.; Kanik, I.

    2005-01-01

    Integral cross sections for electron impact excitation out of the ground state (X 1(sigma)g +) to the A 3(sigma)u +, B 3(pi)g, W 3(delta)u, B' 3(sigma)u -, a' 1(sigma)u -, a 1(pi)g, w 1(delta)u, and states in N2 are reported at incident energies ranging between 10 and 100 eV. These data have been derived by integrating differential cross sections previously reported by this group. New differential cross section measurements for the a 1(pi)g state at 200 eV are also presented to extend the range of the reported integral cross sections for this state, which is responsible for the emissions of the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield band system (a 1(pi)g (rightwards arrow) X 1(sigma)g +). The present results are compared and critically evaluated against existing cross sec In general, the present cross sections are smaller than previous results at low impact energies from threshold through the excitation function peak regions. These lower cross sections have potentially significant implications on our understanding of UV emissions in the atmospheres of Earth and Titan.