John von Neumann Birthday Centennial
Grcar, Joseph F.
2004-11-12
In celebration of John von Neumann's 100th birthday, a series of four lectures were presented on the evening of February 10, 2003 during the SIAM Conference on Computational Science and Engineering in San Diego. The venue was appropriate because von Neumann spent much of the later part of his life, in the 1950's, as an unofficial ambassador for computational science. He was then the only senior American scientist who had experience with the new computers (digital, electronic, and programmable) and a vision of their future importance. No doubt he would have relished the chance to attend a meeting such as this. The first speaker, William Aspray, described the ''interesting times'' during which computers were invented. His remarks were based on his history [1] of this period in von Neumann's life. We were honored to have John von Neumann's daughter, Marina von Neumann-Whitman, as our second speaker. Other accounts of von Neumann's life can be found in books by two of his colleagues [2] and [3]. Our third speaker, Peter Lax, provided both mathematical and international perspectives on John von Neumann's career. Finally, Pete Stewart spoke about von Neumann's numerical error analysis [4] in the context of later work; this talk did not lend itself to transcription, but readers may consult the historical notes in [5]. Our thanks to all the speakers for a remarkable evening. We are grateful to the DOE Applied Mathematical Sciences (AMS) program for partially supporting these lectures. Thanks are also due to SIAM and William Kolata, to our emcee, Gene Golub, to Paul Saylor for recording and editing, and to Barbara Lytle for the transcriptions. More about von Neumann's work can be learned from the recent American Mathematical Society proceedings [6].
Papers of John von Neumann on computers and computer theory
Von Neumann, J.
1986-01-01
This volume brings together John von Neumann's long-out-of-print articles on computer architecture, programming, large-scale computing, and automata theory. A number of significant papers in these areas that were not included in the multivolume John von Neumann: Collected Works (1963) have now been reprinted here. These pioneering articles - written between the mid-1940s and the mid-1950s - are of enduring value not only to computer historians but to computer scientists at the vanguard of current research. Most of today's computers are still constructed in accordance with the '' von Neumann architecture,'' and his technique of flow charting remains basic in the domain.
John von Neumann's mathematical "Utopia" in quantum theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Valente, Giovanni
This paper surveys John von Neumann's work on the mathematical foundations of quantum theories in the light of Hilbert's Sixth Problem concerning the geometrical axiomatization of physics. We argue that in von Neumann's view geometry was so tied to logic that he ultimately developed a logical interpretation of quantum probabilities. That motivated his abandonment of Hilbert space in favor of von Neumann algebras, specifically the type II1 factors, as the proper limit of quantum mechanics in infinite dimensions. Finally, we present the reasons why his axiomatic program remained an "unsolved problem" in mathematical physics. A recent unpublished result by Huzimiro Araki, proving that no algebra with a tracial state defined on it, such as the type II1 factors, can support any (regular) representation of the canonical commutation relations, is also reviewed and its consequences for von Neumann's projects are discussed.
FROM THE HISTORY OF PHYSICS: John von Neumann
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Monastyrskii, Mikhail I.
2004-12-01
This article is dedicated to John von Neumann, one of the most outstanding scholars of the 20th century. His life was short but bright, and his contribution to almost all branches of mathematics, as well as to physics, economics, biology, and astronomy was enormous. He constructed some of the first computers and he was among the key persons in the American atomic project. Development of his ideas will continue to play a vital part in various areas of pure and applied mathematics.
John von Neumann on Mathematical and Axiomatic Physics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rédei, Miklós
The aim of this paper is to recall and analyse von Neumann's position on mathematical and axiomatic physics. It will be argued that von Neumann demanded much less mathematical rigor in physics than commonly thought and that he followed an opportunistically interpreted soft axiomatic method in physics. The notion of opportunistic soft axiomatization is illustrated by recalling his work on the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics.
John von Neumann and Klaus Fuchs: an Unlikely Collaboration
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bernstein, Jeremy
2010-03-01
I discuss the origin of the idea of making a fusion (hydrogen) bomb and the physics involved in it, and then turn to the design proposed for one by the unlikely collaborators John von Neumann and Klaus Fuchs in a patent application they filed at Los Alamos in May 1946, which Fuchs passed on to the Russians in March 1948, and which with substantial modifications was tested on the island of Eberiru on the Eniwetok atoll in the South Pacific on May 8, 1951. This test showed that the fusion of deuterium and tritium nuclei could be ignited, but that the ignition would not propagate because the heat produced was rapidly radiated away. Meanwhile, Stanislaw Ulam and C.J. Everett had shown that Edward Teller’s Classical Super could not work, and at the end of December 1950, Ulam had conceived the idea of super compression, using the energy of a fission bomb to compress the fusion fuel to such a high density that it would be opaque to the radiation produced. Once Teller understood this, he invented a greatly improved, new method of compression using radiation, which then became the heart of the Ulam-Teller bomb design, which was tested, also in the South Pacific, on November 1, 1952. The Russians have freely acknowledged that Fuchs gave them the fission bomb, but they have insisted that no one gave them the fusion bomb, which grew out of design involving a fission bomb surrounded by alternating layers of fusion and fission fuels, and which they tested on November 22, 1955. Part of the irony of this story is that neither the American nor the Russian hydrogen-bomb programs made any use of the brilliant design that von Neumann and Fuchs had conceived as early as 1946, which could have changed the entire course of development of both programs.
Von Neumann was not a Quantum Bayesian.
Stacey, Blake C
2016-05-28
Wikipedia has claimed for over 3 years now that John von Neumann was the 'first quantum Bayesian'. In context, this reads as stating that von Neumann inaugurated QBism, the approach to quantum theory promoted by Fuchs, Mermin and Schack. This essay explores how such a claim is, historically speaking, unsupported. PMID:27091166
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lupher, Tracy
Some people may be surprised to learn that John von Neumann's work on the foundations of quantum physics went far beyond what is contained within the pages of his Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (MFQM) (von Neumann, 1955). However, this narrow focus often ignores von Neumann's later work on quantum logic and what are now called in his honor, von Neumann algebras. This volume honoring von Neumann's contributions to physics is unique in that, while it contains 12 papers that examine various aspects of von Neumann's work, it also contains two of his previously unpublished papers and some of his previously unpublished correspondence.
Quantum theory and geometry: sixty years after von Neumann
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Varadarajan, V. S.
1993-10-01
This paper is a brief review of some of the developments in the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics that have taken place since the publication in 1932 of John von Neumann's celebrated treatise Mathematische Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Attig, N.
2006-03-01
The John von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC) at the Research Centre Jülich, Germany, is one of the leading supercomputing centres in Europe. Founded as a national centre in the mid-eighties it now provides more and more resources to European scientists. This happens within EU-funded projects (I3HP, DEISA) or Europe-wide scientific collaborations. Beyond these activities NIC started an initiative towards the new EU member states in summer 2004. Outstanding research groups are offered to exploit the supercomputers at NIC to accelerate their investigations on leading-edge technology. The article gives an overview of the organisational structure of NIC, its current supercomputer systems, and its user support. Transnational Access (TA) within I3HP is described as well as access by the initiative for new EU member states. The volume of these offers and the procedure of how to apply for supercomputer resources is introduced in detail.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Goldstein, S.; Lebowitz, J. L.; Tumulka, R.; Zanghì, N.
2010-11-01
The renewed interest in the foundations of quantum statistical mechanics in recent years has led us to study John von Neumann’s 1929 article on the quantum ergodic theorem. We have found this almost forgotten article, which until now has been available only in German, to be a treasure chest, and to be much misunderstood. In it, von Neumann studied the long-time behavior of macroscopic quantum systems. While one of the two theorems announced in his title, the one he calls the “quantum H-theorem”, is actually a much weaker statement than Boltzmann’s classical H-theorem, the other theorem, which he calls the “quantum ergodic theorem”, is a beautiful and very non-trivial result. It expresses a fact we call “normal typicality” and can be summarized as follows: for a “typical” finite family of commuting macroscopic observables, every initial wave function ψ0 from a micro-canonical energy shell so evolves that for most times t in the long run, the joint probability distribution of these observables obtained from ψt is close to their micro-canonical distribution.
A note on derivations of Murray–von Neumann algebras
Kadison, Richard V.; Liu, Zhe
2014-01-01
A Murray–von Neumann algebra is the algebra of operators affiliated with a finite von Neumann algebra. In this article, we first present a brief introduction to the theory of derivations of operator algebras from both the physical and mathematical points of view. We then describe our recent work on derivations of Murray–von Neumann algebras. We show that the “extended derivations” of a Murray–von Neumann algebra, those that map the associated finite von Neumann algebra into itself, are inner. In particular, we prove that the only derivation that maps a Murray–von Neumann algebra associated with a factor of type II1 into that factor is 0. Those results are extensions of Singer’s seminal result answering a question of Kaplansky, as applied to von Neumann algebras: The algebra may be noncommutative and may even contain unbounded elements. PMID:24469831
Approximating incompatible von Neumann measurements simultaneously
Heinosaari, Teiko; Jivulescu, Maria Anastasia; Reitzner, Daniel; Ziman, Mario
2010-09-15
We study the problem of performing orthogonal qubit measurements simultaneously. Since these measurements are incompatible, one has to accept additional imprecision. An optimal joint measurement is the one with the least possible imprecision. All earlier considerations of this problem have concerned only joint measurability of observables, while in this work we also take into account conditional state transformations (i.e., instruments). We characterize the optimal joint instrument for two orthogonal von Neumann instruments as being the Lueders instrument of the optimal joint observable.
Approximate von Neumann entropy for directed graphs.
Ye, Cheng; Wilson, Richard C; Comin, César H; Costa, Luciano da F; Hancock, Edwin R
2014-05-01
In this paper, we develop an entropy measure for assessing the structural complexity of directed graphs. Although there are many existing alternative measures for quantifying the structural properties of undirected graphs, there are relatively few corresponding measures for directed graphs. To fill this gap in the literature, we explore an alternative technique that is applicable to directed graphs. We commence by using Chung's generalization of the Laplacian of a directed graph to extend the computation of von Neumann entropy from undirected to directed graphs. We provide a simplified form of the entropy which can be expressed in terms of simple node in-degree and out-degree statistics. Moreover, we find approximate forms of the von Neumann entropy that apply to both weakly and strongly directed graphs, and that can be used to characterize network structure. We illustrate the usefulness of these simplified entropy forms defined in this paper on both artificial and real-world data sets, including structures from protein databases and high energy physics theory citation networks. PMID:25353841
Group Theoretical Interpretation of von Neumann's Theorem on Composite Systems.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bergia, S.; And Others
1979-01-01
Shows that von Neumann's mathematical theorem on composite systems acquires a transparent physical meaning with reference to a suitable physical example; a composite system in a state of definite angular momentum. Gives an outline of the theorem, and the results are restated in Dirac's notation, thus generalizing von Neumann's results which were…
Relative von Neumann entropy for evaluating amino acid conservation.
Johansson, Fredrik; Toh, Hiroyuki
2010-10-01
The Shannon entropy is a common way of measuring conservation of sites in multiple sequence alignments, and has also been extended with the relative Shannon entropy to account for background frequencies. The von Neumann entropy is another extension of the Shannon entropy, adapted from quantum mechanics in order to account for amino acid similarities. However, there is yet no relative von Neumann entropy defined for sequence analysis. We introduce a new definition of the von Neumann entropy for use in sequence analysis, which we found to perform better than the previous definition. We also introduce the relative von Neumann entropy and a way of parametrizing this in order to obtain the Shannon entropy, the relative Shannon entropy and the von Neumann entropy at special parameter values. We performed an exhaustive search of this parameter space and found better predictions of catalytic sites compared to any of the previously used entropies. PMID:20981889
Von Neumann's growth model: Statistical mechanics and biological applications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
De Martino, A.; Marinari, E.; Romualdi, A.
2012-09-01
We review recent work on the statistical mechanics of Von Neumann's growth model and discuss its application to cellular metabolic networks. In this context, we present a detailed analysis of the physiological scenario underlying optimality à la Von Neumann in the metabolism of the bacterium E. coli, showing that optimal solutions are characterized by a considerable microscopic flexibility accompanied by a robust emergent picture for the key physiological functions. This suggests that the ideas behind optimal economic growth in Von Neumann's model can be helpful in uncovering functional organization principles of cell energetics.
Valence bond and von Neumann entanglement entropy in Heisenberg ladders.
Kallin, Ann B; González, Iván; Hastings, Matthew B; Melko, Roger G
2009-09-11
We present a direct comparison of the recently proposed valence bond entanglement entropy and the von Neumann entanglement entropy on spin-1/2 Heisenberg systems using quantum Monte Carlo and density-matrix renormalization group simulations. For one-dimensional chains we show that the valence bond entropy can be either less or greater than the von Neumann entropy; hence, it cannot provide a bound on the latter. On ladder geometries, simulations with up to seven legs are sufficient to indicate that the von Neumann entropy in two dimensions obeys an area law, even though the valence bond entanglement entropy has a multiplicative logarithmic correction. PMID:19792398
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reggini, Horacio C.
The first article, "LOGO and von Neumann Ideas," deals with the creation of new procedures based on procedures defined and stored in memory as LOGO lists of lists. This representation, which enables LOGO procedures to construct, modify, and run other LOGO procedures, is compared with basic computer concepts first formulated by John von Neumann.…
A proof of von Neumann's postulate in Quantum Mechanics
Conte, Elio
2010-05-04
A Clifford algebraic analysis is explained. It gives proof of von Neumann's postulate on quantum measurement. It is of basic significance to explain the problem of quantum wave function reduction in quantum mechanics.
Von Neumann's `No Hidden Variables' Proof: A Re-Appraisal
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bub, Jeffrey
2010-10-01
Since the analysis by John Bell in 1965, the consensus in the literature is that von Neumann’s ‘no hidden variables’ proof fails to exclude any significant class of hidden variables. Bell raised the question whether it could be shown that any hidden variable theory would have to be nonlocal, and in this sense ‘like Bohm’s theory.’ His seminal result provides a positive answer to the question. I argue that Bell’s analysis misconstrues von Neumann’s argument. What von Neumann proved was the impossibility of recovering the quantum probabilities from a hidden variable theory of dispersion free (deterministic) states in which the quantum observables are represented as the ‘beables’ of the theory, to use Bell’s term. That is, the quantum probabilities could not reflect the distribution of pre-measurement values of beables, but would have to be derived in some other way, e.g., as in Bohm’s theory, where the probabilities are an artefact of a dynamical process that is not in fact a measurement of any beable of the system.
The von Neumann Triple Point Paradox
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sanders, Richard; Tesdall, Allen M.
We describe the problem of weak shock reflection off a wedge and discuss the triple point paradox that arises. When the shock is sufficiently weak and the wedge is thin, Mach reflection appears to be observed but is impossible according to what von Neumann originally showed in 1943. We summarize some recent numerical results for weak shock reflection problems for the unsteady transonic small disturbance equations, the nonlinear wave system, and the Euler equations. Rather than finding a standard but mathematically inadmissible Mach reflection with a shock triple point, the solutions contain a complex structure: there is a sequence of triple points and supersonic patches in a tiny region behind the leading triple point, with an expansion fan originating at each triple point. The sequence of patches may be infinite, and we refer to this structure as Guderley Mach reflection. The presence of the expansion fans at the triple points resolves the paradox. We describe some recent experimental evidence which is consistent with these numerical findings.
Locally Compact Quantum Groups. A von Neumann Algebra Approach
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Van Daele, Alfons
2014-08-01
In this paper, we give an alternative approach to the theory of locally compact quantum groups, as developed by Kustermans and Vaes. We start with a von Neumann algebra and a comultiplication on this von Neumann algebra. We assume that there exist faithful left and right Haar weights. Then we develop the theory within this von Neumann algebra setting. In [Math. Scand. 92 (2003), 68-92] locally compact quantum groups are also studied in the von Neumann algebraic context. This approach is independent of the original C^*-algebraic approach in the sense that the earlier results are not used. However, this paper is not really independent because for many proofs, the reader is referred to the original paper where the C^*-version is developed. In this paper, we give a completely self-contained approach. Moreover, at various points, we do things differently. We have a different treatment of the antipode. It is similar to the original treatment in [Ann. Sci. & #201;cole Norm. Sup. (4) 33 (2000), 837-934]. But together with the fact that we work in the von Neumann algebra framework, it allows us to use an idea from [Rev. Roumaine Math. Pures Appl. 21 (1976), 1411-1449] to obtain the uniqueness of the Haar weights in an early stage. We take advantage of this fact when deriving the other main results in the theory. We also give a slightly different approach to duality. Finally, we collect, in a systematic way, several important formulas. In an appendix, we indicate very briefly how the C^*-approach and the von Neumann algebra approach eventually yield the same objects. The passage from the von Neumann algebra setting to the C^*-algebra setting is more or less standard. For the other direction, we use a new method. It is based on the observation that the Haar weights on the C^*-algebra extend to weights on the double dual with central support and that all these supports are the same. Of course, we get the von Neumann algebra by cutting down the double dual with this unique
(Never) Mind your p's and q's: Von Neumann versus Jordan on the foundations of quantum theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Duncan, A.; Janssen, M.
2013-03-01
In 1927, in two papers entitled "On a new foundation [Neue Begründung] of quantum mechanics," Pascual Jordan presented his version of what came to be known as the Dirac-Jordan statistical transformation theory. Jordan and Paul Dirac arrived at essentially the same theory independently of one another at around the same time. Later in 1927, partly in response to Jordan and Dirac and avoiding the mathematical difficulties facing their approach, John von Neumann developed the modern Hilbert space formalism of quantum mechanics. We focus on Jordan and von Neumann. Central to the formalisms of both are expressions for conditional probabilities of finding some value for one quantity given the value of another. Beyond that Jordan and von Neumann had very different views about the appropriate formulation of problems in quantum mechanics. For Jordan, unable to let go of the analogy to classical mechanics, the solution of such problems required the identification of sets of canonically conjugate variables, i.e., p's and q's. For von Neumann, not constrained by the analogy to classical mechanics, it required only the identification of a maximal set of commuting operators with simultaneous eigenstates. He had no need for p's and q's. Jordan and von Neumann also stated the characteristic new rules for probabilities in quantum mechanics somewhat differently. Jordan and Dirac were the first to state those rules in full generality. Von Neumann rephrased them and, in a paper published a few months later, sought to derive them from more basic considerations. In this paper we reconstruct the central arguments of these 1927 papers by Jordan and von Neumann and of a paper on Jordan's approach by Hilbert, von Neumann, and Nordheim. We highlight those elements in these papers that bring out the gradual loosening of the ties between the new quantum formalism and classical mechanics. This paper was written as part of a joint project in the history of quantum physics of the Max Planck
Gamma Stability in Free Product von Neumann Algebras
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Houdayer, Cyril
2015-06-01
Let be a free product of arbitrary von Neumann algebras endowed with faithful normal states. Assume that the centralizer is diffuse. We first show that any intermediate subalgebra which has nontrivial central sequences in M is necessarily equal to M 1. Then we obtain a general structural result for all the intermediate subalgebras with expectation. We deduce that any diffuse amenable von Neumann algebra can be concretely realized as a maximal amenable subalgebra with expectation inside a full nonamenable type III1 factor. This provides the first class of concrete maximal amenable subalgebras in the framework of type III factors. We finally strengthen all these results in the case of tracial free product von Neumann algebras.
The Hochschild cohomology problem for von Neumann algebras
Sinclair, Allan M.; Smith, Roger R.
1998-01-01
In 1967, when Kadison and Ringrose began the development of continuous cohomology theory for operator algebras, they conjectured that the cohomology groups Hn(M, M), n ≥ 1, for a von Neumann algebra M, should all be zero. This conjecture, which has important structural implications for von Neumann algebras, has been solved affirmatively in the type I, II∞, and III cases, leaving open only the type II1 case. In this paper, we describe a positive solution when M is type II1 and has a Cartan subalgebra and a separable predual. PMID:9520373
The hochschild cohomology problem for von neumann algebras.
Sinclair, A M; Smith, R R
1998-03-31
In 1967, when Kadison and Ringrose began the development of continuous cohomology theory for operator algebras, they conjectured that the cohomology groups Hn(M, M), n >/= 1, for a von Neumann algebra M, should all be zero. This conjecture, which has important structural implications for von Neumann algebras, has been solved affirmatively in the type I, IIinfinity, and III cases, leaving open only the type II1 case. In this paper, we describe a positive solution when M is type II1 and has a Cartan subalgebra and a separable predual. PMID:9520373
The smooth entropy formalism for von Neumann algebras
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Berta, Mario; Furrer, Fabian; Scholz, Volkher B.
2016-01-01
We discuss information-theoretic concepts on infinite-dimensional quantum systems. In particular, we lift the smooth entropy formalism as introduced by Renner and collaborators for finite-dimensional systems to von Neumann algebras. For the smooth conditional min- and max-entropy, we recover similar characterizing properties and information-theoretic operational interpretations as in the finite-dimensional case. We generalize the entropic uncertainty relation with quantum side information of Tomamichel and Renner and discuss applications to quantum cryptography. In particular, we prove the possibility to perform privacy amplification and classical data compression with quantum side information modeled by a von Neumann algebra.
An Accurate von Neumann's Law for Three-Dimensional Foams
Hilgenfeldt, Sascha; Kraynik, Andrew M.; Koehler, Stephan A.; Stone, Howard A.
2001-03-19
The diffusive coarsening of 2D soap froths is governed by von Neumann's law. A statistical version of this law for dry 3D foams has long been conjectured. A new derivation, based on a theorem by Minkowski, yields an explicit analytical von Neumann's law in 3D which is in very good agreement with detailed simulations and experiments. The average growth rate of a bubble with F faces is shown to be proportional to F{sup 1/2} for large F , in contrast to the conjectured linear dependence. Accounting for foam disorder in the model further improves the agreement with data.
von Neumann entropy of N interacting pencils of radiation
Barakat, R. ); Brosseau, C. )
1993-03-01
The von Neumann entropy of N interacting pencils of radiation is analyzed by using their spectral density matrix. When the cross-spectral density is the same for all pairs of pencils, the entropy is evaluated in closed form as a function of Barakat's N-fold polarization measures. Some technical and historical remarks are made concerning the Planck-von Laue entropy of such pencils. 16 refs., 3 figs.
Foam coarsening: von Neumann's law in three dimensions is non-linear
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hilgenfeldt, Sascha; Kraynik, Andrew M.; Koehler, Stephan A.; Stone, Howard A.
2001-11-01
Fifty years ago, John von Neumann proved that the coarsening rate of individual bubbles in a 2-D dry foam is a linear function of the number of edges of the polygonal bubble. By analogy, it has been conjectured that the average growth rates of 3-D polyhedral bubbles scale linearly with the number F of faces. Using a theorem by Minkowski, we derive a parameter-free analytical expression for the average growth rates and show that the 3-D von Neumann law is non-linear, asymptoting to a square-root power in F. Detailed simulations are in exceptionally good agreement with the analytical formula. This result is important for the understanding of the geometrical structure and aging dynamics of many random cellular materials beyond foams, such as metal grains, spin glasses, or living cells.
Replacing energy by von Neumann entropy in quantum phase transitions
Kopp, Angela; Jia Xun; Chakravarty, Sudip . E-mail: sudip@physics.ucla.edu
2007-06-15
We propose that quantum phase transitions are generally accompanied by non-analyticities of the von Neumann (entanglement) entropy. In particular, the entropy is non-analytic at the Anderson transition, where it exhibits unusual fractal scaling. We also examine two dissipative quantum systems of considerable interest to the study of decoherence and find that non-analyticities occur if and only if the system undergoes a quantum phase transition.
Interpolatability distinguishes LOCC from separable von Neumann measurements
Childs, Andrew M.; Leung, Debbie; Mančinska, Laura; Ozols, Maris
2013-11-15
Local operations with classical communication (LOCC) and separable operations are two classes of quantum operations that play key roles in the study of quantum entanglement. Separable operations are strictly more powerful than LOCC, but no simple explanation of this phenomenon is known. We show that, in the case of von Neumann measurements, the ability to interpolate measurements is an operational principle that sets apart LOCC and separable operations.
Reevaluation of McCulloch-Pitts-von Neumann's clock.
Ohta, Hiroyuki
2015-01-01
In neuroscience research, a firing pattern expression, called a firing snapshot, defined by firing counts of multiple neurons in discrete time-bin is frequently used. However, the firing pattern expression over multiple neurons requires synchronization commonly known as a "central clock" in computation circuits to externally control or observe multi-neuron firing. Since it is not appropriate to hypothesize the central clock in the brain, we have to reconsider the synchronization assumption. We found the historical origins of central clock synchronization in the works of McCulloch, Pitts and von Neumann and propose an alternative perspective to study neural processing without the central clock. In the "First draft of a report on the EDVAC" known as the first proposal of store-program type computer, von Neumann incorporated McCulloch and Pitts' arbitrary assumption of constant synaptic delay into the logical circuit modeling. He introduced a constant pulse delay stabilized by a central clock to synchronize multiple pulse lines. This constant delay carried over to automaton theory by von Neumann and then theoretical neuroscience as an integral part of distributed representation and firing pattern analysis. Instead, we propose a rethinking of neuronal processing by focusing on a variable synaptic delay. We review neuron-type dependent differences and point out that the maximum inter-stimulus interval which can affect the last stimulus response is longer than the minimum inter-spike interval, indicating the possibility of asynchronous input summation without a firing rate level clock. This fundamental baseline contributes to the investigation of time consuming processes: e.g., the compression of appositional synaptic inputs with duration into a single firing. PMID:25458264
Quantum Dynamics in Phase Space using Projected von Neumann Bases.
Machnes, Shai; Assémat, Elie; Larsson, Henrik R; Tannor, David J
2016-05-19
We describe the mathematical underpinnings of the biorthogonal von Neumann method for quantum mechanical simulations (PvB). In particular, we present a detailed discussion of the important issue of nonorthogonal projection onto subspaces of biorthogonal bases, and how this differs from orthogonal projection. We present various representations of the Schrödinger equation in the reduced basis and discuss their relative merits. We conclude with illustrative examples and a discussion of the outlook and challenges ahead for the PvB representation. PMID:26977715
The von Neumann model of measurement in quantum mechanics
Mello, Pier A.
2014-01-08
We describe how to obtain information on a quantum-mechanical system by coupling it to a probe and detecting some property of the latter, using a model introduced by von Neumann, which describes the interaction of the system proper with the probe in a dynamical way. We first discuss single measurements, where the system proper is coupled to one probe with arbitrary coupling strength. The goal is to obtain information on the system detecting the probe position. We find the reduced density operator of the system, and show how Lüders rule emerges as the limiting case of strong coupling. The von Neumann model is then generalized to two probes that interact successively with the system proper. Now we find information on the system by detecting the position-position and momentum-position correlations of the two probes. The so-called 'Wigner's formula' emerges in the strong-coupling limit, while 'Kirkwood's quasi-probability distribution' is found as the weak-coupling limit of the above formalism. We show that successive measurements can be used to develop a state-reconstruction scheme. Finally, we find a generalized transform of the state and the observables based on the notion of successive measurements.
von Neumann entropy associated with the haldane exclusion statistics
Rajagopal, A.K. )
1995-02-13
We obtain the von Neumann entropy per state of the Haldane exclusion statistics with parameter [ital g] in terms of the mean occupation number [bar n][l brace][ital w]ln[ital w][minus](1+[ital w])ln(1+[ital w])[r brace], where [ital w]=(1[minus][bar n]). This reduces correctly to the well known expressions in the limiting cases of Bose ([ital g]=0) and Fermi ([ital g]=1) statistics. We have derived the second and third order fluctuations in the occupation numbers for arbitrary [ital g]. An elegant general duality relationship between the [ital w] factor associated with the particle and that associated with the hole at the reciprocal [ital g] is deduced along with the attendant relationship between the two respective entropies.
A non-linear von Neumann law for three-dimensional foam coarsening
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hilgenfeldt, Sascha; Kraynik, Andrew M.; Koehler, Stephan A.; Stone, Howard A.
2001-03-01
About 50 years ago, John von Neumann proved that the coarsening rate of individual bubbles in a 2-D dry foam is a linear function of the number of edges of the polygonal bubble. Soon afterwards it was conjectured that a statistical analog holds in three dimensions: polyhedral bubbles with a given number F of faces have an average growth rate that scales linearly in F. Using a theorem by Minkowski, we derive a parameter-free analytical expression for the average growth rates and show that it is non-linear, asymptoting to a square-root power in F. Experimental data and detailed foam simulations are in exceptionally good agreement with the analytical results. A refined model incorporates foam disorder to further improve the predictive power of the theory.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Noever, David A.
2000-01-01
The effects of gravity in influencing the theoretical limit for bubble lattice coarsening and aging behavior, otherwise called von Neumann's law, is examined theoretically and experimentally. Preliminary microgravity results will be discussed.
Markov property and strong additivity of von Neumann entropy for graded quantum systems
Moriya, Hajime
2006-03-15
The quantum Markov property is equivalent to the strong additivity of von Neumann entropy for graded quantum systems. The additivity of von Neumann entropy for bipartite graded systems implies the statistical independence of states. However, the structure of Markov states for graded systems is different from that for tensor-product systems which have trivial grading. For three-composed graded systems we have U(1)-gauge invariant Markov states whose restriction to the marginal pair of subsystems is nonseparable.
Radiometric Trouble with Rough Surfaces? ... The von Neumann Series can Help!
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Davis, A. B.
2004-05-01
Operational retrieval methods used in surface remote sensing will generally assume that the interrogated terrain is uniform as well as flat (if not outright horizontal) at least at sub-pixel scales. Both assumptions are highly questionable. There are spectral techniques (linear un-mixing, end-members, etc.) designed to address the non-uniformity issue and adjacency effects (nonlinear mixing) near large gradients in surface albedo can be unraveled with techniques using the Green function of the aerosol atmosphere. But strong deviations from local flatness define a challenging problem in three-dimensional radiative transfer; this is especially true when the terrain has a very rough fractal shape with height variability over a wide range of scales. The source of the problem is the multiple reflections between surface elements in view of each other and is mathematically akin to the problem of multiple scattering in heterogeneous turbid media like clouds. The fundamental solution to the multiple scattering/reflection problem in transport theory is called ``successive orders-of-scattering/reflection'' by physicists and a ``von Neumann expansion'' by mathematicians. I have applied this method to the analysis of two remote sensing problems that appear to be vastly different: (1) angular dependence of effective emissivity in thermal remote sensing, and (2) biases in fine laser altimetry (such as attempted by NASA's present GLAS mission which focuses on polar ice caps). The thermal problem can be reduced to a question of mean aspect ratio in the macro-roughness of the surface. The altimetry problem calls furthermore for a roughness scale. In both cases, corrections can be made to obtain the surface property of interest: actual emissivity, and actual altitude. In both cases, Monte Carlo simulation ---another seminal contribution of John von Neumann, with others--- was the key to first inspiring and then validating the proposed analytical models with one or two free parameters
Shannon and von Neumann entropy of random networks with heterogeneous expected degree.
Anand, Kartik; Bianconi, Ginestra; Severini, Simone
2011-03-01
Entropic measures of complexity are able to quantify the information encoded in complex network structures. Several entropic measures have been proposed in this respect. Here we study the relation between the Shannon entropy and the von Neumann entropy of networks with given expected degree sequence. We find in different examples of network topologies that when the degree distribution contains some heterogeneity, an intriguing correlation emerges between the two entropic quantities. This results seems to suggest that heterogeneity in the expected degree distribution is implying an equivalence between a quantum and a classical description of networks, which respectively corresponds to the von Neumann and the Shannon entropy. PMID:21517560
Cheng, Szu-Cheng; Jheng, Shih-Da
2016-01-01
This paper reports a novel type of vortex lattice, referred to as a bubble crystal, which was discovered in rapidly rotating Bose gases with long-range interactions. Bubble crystals differ from vortex lattices which possess a single quantum flux per unit cell, while atoms in bubble crystals are clustered periodically and surrounded by vortices. No existing model is able to describe the vortex structure of bubble crystals; however, we identified a mathematical lattice, which is a subset of coherent states and exists periodically in the physical space. This lattice is called a von Neumann lattice, and when it possesses a single vortex per unit cell, it presents the same geometrical structure as an Abrikosov lattice. In this report, we extend the von Neumann lattice to one with an integral number of flux quanta per unit cell and demonstrate that von Neumann lattices well reproduce the translational properties of bubble crystals. Numerical simulations confirm that, as a generalized vortex, a von Neumann lattice can be physically realized using vortex lattices in rapidly rotating Bose gases with dipole interatomic interactions. PMID:27545446
Cheng, Szu-Cheng; Jheng, Shih-Da
2016-01-01
This paper reports a novel type of vortex lattice, referred to as a bubble crystal, which was discovered in rapidly rotating Bose gases with long-range interactions. Bubble crystals differ from vortex lattices which possess a single quantum flux per unit cell, while atoms in bubble crystals are clustered periodically and surrounded by vortices. No existing model is able to describe the vortex structure of bubble crystals; however, we identified a mathematical lattice, which is a subset of coherent states and exists periodically in the physical space. This lattice is called a von Neumann lattice, and when it possesses a single vortex per unit cell, it presents the same geometrical structure as an Abrikosov lattice. In this report, we extend the von Neumann lattice to one with an integral number of flux quanta per unit cell and demonstrate that von Neumann lattices well reproduce the translational properties of bubble crystals. Numerical simulations confirm that, as a generalized vortex, a von Neumann lattice can be physically realized using vortex lattices in rapidly rotating Bose gases with dipole interatomic interactions. PMID:27545446
Commutation of Projections and Characterization of Traces on von Neumann Algebras. III
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bikchentaev, A. M.
2015-12-01
We obtain new necessary and sufficient commutation conditions for nonnegative operators and projections in terms of operator inequalities. It is shown that in the general case in this inequalities the projections cannot be replaced by arbitrary nonnegative operators with preservation of operators commutativity. We also present new necessary and sufficient commutation conditions for projections in terms of operator inequalities. These inequalities are applied for trace characterization on von Neumann algebras in the class of all positive normal functionals. We also consider the following problems: I. Characterization of traces among arbitrary weights on von Neumann algebras. II. Characterization of tracial functionals among all positive linear functionals on C ∗-algebras. III. Characterization of commutativity for C ∗-algebras.
Examination of the von Neumann paradox for a weak shock wave
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kobayashi, Susumu; Adachi, Takashi; Suzuki, Tateyuki
1995-12-01
Oblique reflections of a weak shock wave have been investigated both theoretically and experimentally. A modified three-shock theory is introduced to explain the well-known von Neumann paradox for weak Mach reflection. As a physical reality, the triple point is not a mathematical point and the slipstream has a finite thickness. Consequently, the effect of the slipstream divergence behind the triple point and the minute pressure differences on both sides of the slipstream are taken into account, and both these effects are examined numerically. The angle of divergence is given parametrically in order to calculate some characteristics around the triple point, e.g., the angle of reflection. Numerical results are compared with measurements, and characteristics of solutions are examined. It is found that for weak Mach reflection the modified three-shock theory gives physically realistic solutions, even when von Neumann's three-shock theory has no solution. It is also found that the divergence effect of the slipstream is predominant over the pressure difference. All the experimental data are found to exist in the domain bounded by von Neumann's classical theories and the modified three-shock theory proposed here. The experimental evidence of slipstream divergence is presented.
Distinguishability of countable quantum states and von Neumann lattice
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kawakubo, Ryûitirô; Koike, Tatsuhiko
2016-07-01
The condition for distinguishability of a countably infinite number of pure states by a single measurement is given. Distinguishability is to be understood as the possibility of an unambiguous measurement. For a finite number of states, it is known that the necessary and sufficient condition of distinguishability is that the states are linearly independent. For an infinite number of states, several natural classes of distinguishability can be defined. We give a necessary and sufficient condition for a system of pure states to be distinguishable. It turns out that each level of distinguishability naturally corresponds to one of the generalizations of linear independence to families of infinite vectors. As an important example, we apply the general theory to von Neumann’s lattice, a subsystem of coherent states which corresponds to a lattice in the classical phase space. We prove that the condition for distinguishability is that the area of the fundamental region of the lattice is greater than the Planck constant, and also find subtle behavior on the threshold. These facts reveal the measurement theoretical meaning of the Planck constant and give a justification for the interpretation that it is the smallest unit of area in the phase space. The cases of uncountably many states and of mixed states are also discussed.
Gravity Effects in Diffusive Coarsening of Bubble Lattices: von Neumann's Law
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Noever, David A.
2000-01-01
von Neumann modelled the evolution of two-dimensional soap froths as a purely diffusive phenomenon; the area growth of a given cell was found to depend only on the geometry of the bubble lattice. In the model, hexagons are stable, pentagons shrink and heptagons grow. The simplest equivalent to the area growth law is / approximately t(sub beta). The result depends on assuming (1) an incompressible gas; (2) bubble walls which meet at 120 deg and (3) constant wall thickness and curvature. Each assumption is borne out in experiments except the last one: bubble wall thickness between connecting cells varies in unit gravity because of gravity drainage. The bottom part of the soap membrane is thickened, the top part is thinned, such that gas diffusion across the membrane shows a complex dependence on gravity. As a result, experimental tests of von Neumann's law have been influenced by effects of gravity; fluid behavior along cell borders can give non-uniform wall thicknesses and thus alter the effective area and gas diffusion rates between adjacent bubbles. For area plotted as a function of time, Glazier (J.A. Glazier, S.P. Gross, and I. Stavans, Phys. Rev. A. 36, 306 (1987); J. Stavans, J.A, Glazier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1318 (1989).) suggest that in some cases their failure to observe von Neumann's predicted growth exponent ((sup beta)theor(sup =1; beta)exp(sup =0.70 + 0.10)) may have been the result of such "fluid drainage onto the lower glass plate". Additional experiments which varied plate spacing gave different beta exponents in a fashion consistent with this suggestion. During preliminary long duration experiments (approximately 100 h) aboard Spacelab-J, a low-gravity test of froth coarsening has examined (1) power law scaling of von Neumann's law (beta values) in the appropriate diffusive limits; (2) new bubble lattice dynamics such as greater fluid wetting behavior on froth membranes in low gravity; and (3) explicit relations for the gravity
Constants in estimates for the rates of convergence in von Neumann's and Birkhoff's ergodic theorems
Kachurovskii, Alexander G; Sedalishchev, Vladimir V
2011-08-31
The paper investigates estimates which relate two equivalent phenomena: the power-type rate of convergence in von Neumann's ergodic theorem and the power-type singularity at zero (with the same exponent) exhibited by the spectral measure of the function being averaged with respect to the corresponding dynamical system. The same rate of convergence is also estimated in terms of the rate of decrease of the correlation coefficients. Also, constants are found in analogous estimates for the power-type convergence in Birkhoff's ergodic theorem. All the results have exact analogues for wide-sense stationary stochastic processes. Bibliography: 15 titles.
Eps'88: Combining the best features of von Neumann and dataflow computing
Grafe, V.G.; Hoch, J.E.; Davidson, G.S.
1989-01-01
A new parallel architecture is presented which combines the beneficial features of both dataflow and von Neumann computers. Dynamic exploitation of parallelism is supported by a direct match dataflow scheduling mechanism. The dataflow scheduling mechanism can be applied to individual instructions or to groups of instructions. These groups of instructions are executed in a predetermined order, as in von Neumann machines. This deterministic scheduling allows the reuse of data through common memory locations and the use of local state (registers) to minimize resource requirements and latency. The foundation of this architecture includes single clock, direct matching of operands, dynamically allocated frame-based data storage, and a general repeat function that can dispatch instructions in a predetermined order. The ability to execute fully and partially ordered instruction streams makes the architecture amenable to both imperative and functional languages. The operation of the processor architecture, the associated structured memory system, proposed interconnections, and programming considerations are described. The entire architecture has been captured in a functional simulator, and hardware implementations of several of the vital parts are underway. 7 refs., 17 figs.
Real-space finite difference scheme for the von Neumann equation with the Dirac Hamiltonian
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schreilechner, Magdalena; Pötz, Walter
2016-07-01
A finite difference scheme for the numerical treatment of the von Neumann equation for the (2+1)D Dirac Hamiltonian is presented. It is based on a sequential left-right (ket-bra) application of a staggered space-time scheme for the pure-state Dirac equation and offers a numerical treatment of the general mixed-state dynamics of an isolated quantum system within the von Neumann equation. Thereby this direct scheme inherits all the favorable features of the finite-difference scheme for the pure-state Dirac equation, such as the single-cone energy-momentum dispersion, convergence conditions, and scaling behavior. A conserved functional is identified. Moreover this scheme is shown to conserve both Hermiticity and positivity. Numerical tests comprise a numerical analysis of stability, as well as the simulation of a mixed-state time-evolution of Gaussian wave functions, illustrating Zitterbewegung and transverse current oscillations. Imaginary-potential absorbing boundary conditions and parameters which pertain to topological insulator surface states were used in the numerical simulations.
Gong, Longyan; Tong, Peiqing
2006-11-01
The von Neumann entropy for an electron in periodic, disorder, and quasiperiodic quantum small-world networks (QSWN's) is studied numerically. For the disorder QSWN's, the derivative of the spectrum-averaged von Neumann entropy is maximal at a certain density of shortcut links p*, which can be as a signature of the localization-delocalization transition of electron states. The transition point p* is agreement with that obtained by the level statistics method. For the quasiperiodic QSWN's, it is found that there are two regions of the potential parameter. The behaviors of electron states in different regions are similar to that of periodic and disorder QSWN's, respectively. PMID:17279964
Generalization of von Neumann analysis for a model of two discrete half-spaces: The acoustic case
Haney, M.M.
2007-01-01
Evaluating the performance of finite-difference algorithms typically uses a technique known as von Neumann analysis. For a given algorithm, application of the technique yields both a dispersion relation valid for the discrete time-space grid and a mathematical condition for stability. In practice, a major shortcoming of conventional von Neumann analysis is that it can be applied only to an idealized numerical model - that of an infinite, homogeneous whole space. Experience has shown that numerical instabilities often arise in finite-difference simulations of wave propagation at interfaces with strong material contrasts. These interface instabilities occur even though the conventional von Neumann stability criterion may be satisfied at each point of the numerical model. To address this issue, I generalize von Neumann analysis for a model of two half-spaces. I perform the analysis for the case of acoustic wave propagation using a standard staggered-grid finite-difference numerical scheme. By deriving expressions for the discrete reflection and transmission coefficients, I study under what conditions the discrete reflection and transmission coefficients become unbounded. I find that instabilities encountered in numerical modeling near interfaces with strong material contrasts are linked to these cases and develop a modified stability criterion that takes into account the resulting instabilities. I test and verify the stability criterion by executing a finite-difference algorithm under conditions predicted to be stable and unstable. ?? 2007 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
Exact finite reduced density matrix and von Neumann entropy for the Calogero model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Osenda, Omar; Pont, Federico M.; Okopińska, Anna; Serra, Pablo
2015-12-01
The information content of continuous quantum variables systems is usually studied using a number of well known approximation methods. The approximations are made to obtain the spectrum, eigenfunctions or the reduced density matrices that are essential to calculate the entropy-like quantities that quantify the information. Even in the sparse cases where the spectrum and eigenfunctions are exactly known, the entanglement spectrum- the spectrum of the reduced density matrices that characterize the problem- must be obtained in an approximate fashion. In this work, we obtain analytically a finite representation of the reduced density matrices of the fundamental state of the N-particle Calogero model for a discrete set of values of the interaction parameter. As a consequence, the exact entanglement spectrum and von Neumann entropy is worked out.
Zhang, S-W; Zhang, Y-L; Pan, Q; Cheng, Y-M; Chou, K-C
2008-08-01
Evolutionary conservation derived from a multiple sequence alignment is a powerful indicator of the functional significance of a residue, and it can help to predict active sites, ligand-binding sites, and protein interaction interfaces. The results of the existing algorithms in identifying the residue's conservation strongly depend on the sequence alignment, making the results highly variable. Here, by introducing the amino acid similarity matrix, we propose a novel gap-treating approach by combining the evolutionary information and von Neumann entropies to compute the residue conservation scores. It is indicated through a series of tested results that the new approach is quite encouraging and promising and may become a useful tool in complementing the existing methods. PMID:17710364
Exceptional points of a Hamiltonian of von Neumann-Wigner type
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fernández-García, N.; Hernández, E.; Jáuregui, A.; Mondragón, A.
2013-05-01
In this paper, we present and discuss an example of exceptional points in the continuous spectrum of a Hamiltonian of von Neumann-Wigner type associated with a double pole in the normalized Jost eigenfunctions, as functions of the wave number. The two unnormalized Jost energy eigenfunctions are analytic functions of the wave number k for all k complex, but at the exceptional points k = ±q, they coalesce to give rise to Jordan cycles of two generalized bound state quadratically integrable eigenfunctions. The Green function has simple poles at the exceptional points, but the regular scattering eigenfunction vanishes at those points. The scattering matrix is a regular function of the wave number at the exceptional points, that is, S(k) does not have a pole at the exceptional points.
The Photon Shell Game and the Quantum von Neumann Architecture with Superconducting Circuits
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mariantoni, Matteo
2012-02-01
Superconducting quantum circuits have made significant advances over the past decade, allowing more complex and integrated circuits that perform with good fidelity. We have recently implemented a machine comprising seven quantum channels, with three superconducting resonators, two phase qubits, and two zeroing registers. I will explain the design and operation of this machine, first showing how a single microwave photon | 1 > can be prepared in one resonator and coherently transferred between the three resonators. I will also show how more exotic states such as double photon states | 2 > and superposition states | 0 >+ | 1 > can be shuffled among the resonators as well [1]. I will then demonstrate how this machine can be used as the quantum-mechanical analog of the von Neumann computer architecture, which for a classical computer comprises a central processing unit and a memory holding both instructions and data. The quantum version comprises a quantum central processing unit (quCPU) that exchanges data with a quantum random-access memory (quRAM) integrated on one chip, with instructions stored on a classical computer. I will also present a proof-of-concept demonstration of a code that involves all seven quantum elements: (1), Preparing an entangled state in the quCPU, (2), writing it to the quRAM, (3), preparing a second state in the quCPU, (4), zeroing it, and, (5), reading out the first state stored in the quRAM [2]. Finally, I will demonstrate that the quantum von Neumann machine provides one unit cell of a two-dimensional qubit-resonator array that can be used for surface code quantum computing. This will allow the realization of a scalable, fault-tolerant quantum processor with the most forgiving error rates to date. [4pt] [1] M. Mariantoni et al., Nature Physics 7, 287-293 (2011.)[0pt] [2] M. Mariantoni et al., Science 334, 61-65 (2011).
Analysis of Hydrogen Tunneling in an Enzyme Active Site using von Neumann Measurements
Sumner, Isaiah; Iyengar, Srinivasan S.
2010-01-01
We build on our earlier quantum wavepacket study of hydrogen transfer in the biological enzyme, soybean lipoxygenase-1, by using von Neumann quantum measurement theory to gain qualitative insights into the transfer event. We treat the enzyme active site as a measurement device which acts on the tunneling hydrogen nucleus via the potential it exerts at each configuration. A series of changing active site geometries during the tunneling process effects a sequential projection of the initial, reactant state onto the final, product state. We study this process using several different kinds of von Neumann measurements and show how a discrete sequence of such measurements not only progressively increases the projection of the hydrogen nuclear wavepacket onto the product side but also favors proton over deuteron transfer. Several qualitative features of the hydrogen tunneling problem found in wavepacket dynamics studies are also recovered here. These include the shift in the “transition state” towards the reactant as a result of nuclear quantization, greater participation of excited states in the case of deuterium, and presence of critical points along the reaction coordinate that facilitate hydrogen and deuterium transfer and coincide with surface crossings. To further “tailor” the dynamics, we construct a perturbation to the sequence of measurements, that is a perturbation to the dynamical sequence of active site geometry evolution, which leads us to insight on the existence of sensitive regions of the reaction profile where subtle changes to the dynamics of the active site can have an effect on the hydrogen and deuterium transfer process. PMID:22933858
Möbius operators and non-additive quantum probabilities in the Birkhoff-von Neumann lattice
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vourdas, A.
2016-03-01
The properties of quantum probabilities are linked to the geometry of quantum mechanics, described by the Birkhoff-von Neumann lattice. Quantum probabilities violate the additivity property of Kolmogorov probabilities, and they are interpreted as Dempster-Shafer probabilities. Deviations from the additivity property are quantified with the Möbius (or non-additivity) operators which are defined through Möbius transforms, and which are shown to be intimately related to commutators. The lack of distributivity in the Birkhoff-von Neumann lattice Λd, causes deviations from the law of the total probability (which is central in Kolmogorov's probability theory). Projectors which quantify the lack of distributivity in Λd, and also deviations from the law of the total probability, are introduced. All these operators, are observables and they can be measured experimentally. Constraints for the Möbius operators, which are based on the properties of the Birkhoff-von Neumann lattice (which in the case of finite quantum systems is a modular lattice), are derived. Application of this formalism in the context of coherent states, generalizes coherence to multi-dimensional structures.
Sebawe Abdalla, M. . E-mail: m.sebawe@physics.org; Obada, A.-S.F.; Abdel-Aty, M.
2005-08-01
In the present article, we introduce a Hamiltonian model that consists of two modes of the field in a perfect cavity to interact with a single two-level atom. The interaction between the fields has been taken into account and considered to be in the parametric amplifier form. The model in one hand can be regarded as a generalization of the Jaynes-Cummings model (JCM), however, in the other hand it can be considered as a generalization of the parametric amplifier model. Under a certain condition the exact solution to the Schroedinger equation is obtained. Employing this solution and for chosen values of different parameters we discuss numerically the atomic occupation probabilities as well as the degree of entanglement through the entropy of the field. The system shows superstructure phenomenon similar to that appeared from the effect of the Kerr-like medium on the Jaynes-Cummings model. The von Neumann entropy and phase distribution for both two-mode correlated and uncorrelated coherent states cases are also considered.
Optimal transport and von Neumann entropy in a Heisenberg XXZ chain out of equilibrium.
Salerno, Mario; Popkov, Vladislav
2013-02-01
In this paper we investigate the spin currents and the von Neumann entropy (vNE) of a Heisenberg XXZ chain in contact with twisted XY-boundary magnetic reservoirs by means of the Lindblad master equation. Exact solutions for the stationary reduced density matrix are explicitly constructed for chains of small sizes by using a quantum symmetry operation of the system. These solutions are then used to investigate the optimal transport in the chain in terms of the vNE. As a result we show that the maximal spin current always occurs in the proximity of minima of the vNE and for particular choices of parameters (coupling with reservoirs and anisotropy) it can exactly coincide with them. As the coupling is increased, current reversals may occur and in the limit of strong coupling we show that minima of the vNE tend to zero, meaning that the maximal transport is achieved in this case with states that are very close to pure states. PMID:23496461
Kamousi, Baharan; Amini, Ali Nasiri; He, Bin
2007-06-01
The goal of the present study is to employ the source imaging methods such as cortical current density estimation for the classification of left- and right-hand motor imagery tasks, which may be used for brain-computer interface (BCI) applications. The scalp recorded EEG was first preprocessed by surface Laplacian filtering, time-frequency filtering, noise normalization and independent component analysis. Then the cortical imaging technique was used to solve the EEG inverse problem. Cortical current density distributions of left and right trials were classified from each other by exploiting the concept of Von Neumann entropy. The proposed method was tested on three human subjects (180 trials each) and a maximum accuracy of 91.5% and an average accuracy of 88% were obtained. The present results confirm the hypothesis that source analysis methods may improve accuracy for classification of motor imagery tasks. The present promising results using source analysis for classification of motor imagery enhances our ability of performing source analysis from single trial EEG data recorded on the scalp, and may have applications to improved BCI systems. PMID:17409476
First principle nonlinear quantum dynamics using a correlation-based von Neumann entropy
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Westermann, Till; Manthe, Uwe
2012-05-01
A new concept to describe the quantum dynamics in complex systems is suggested. It extends established schemes based on the Dirac-Frenkel variation principle, e.g., the multi-configurational time-dependent Hartree (MCTDH) approach. The concept is based on a correlation-based von Neumann entropy (CvN-entropy) definition measuring the complexity of the wavefunction. Equations of motion are derived using a CvN-entropy constraint in the variational principle and result in a generally applicable effective Hamiltonian. It consists of the standard Hamilton operator and an additional nonlinear operator which limits the complexity of the wavefunction. Effectively, this nonlinear operator absorbs complex structures which are emerging in the wavefunction and allows one to introduce non-norm conserving equations of motion. Important aspects of the new concept are outlined studying the wave packet propagation on the diabatic B2 potential energy surfaces of NO2. First, it is demonstrated that during standard wave packet propagation the CvN-entropy increases strongly with time roughly independent of the coordinate systems employed. Second, one finds that employing CvN-entropy constrained MCTDH propagation yields improved wave function accuracy on longer time scales while compromising on the short time accuracy. Third, the loss of the wavefunction's norm is directly related to the overlap with the exact wavefunction. This provides an error estimate available without knowing an exact reference.
First principle nonlinear quantum dynamics using a correlation-based von Neumann entropy.
Westermann, Till; Manthe, Uwe
2012-05-28
A new concept to describe the quantum dynamics in complex systems is suggested. It extends established schemes based on the Dirac-Frenkel variation principle, e.g., the multi-configurational time-dependent Hartree (MCTDH) approach. The concept is based on a correlation-based von Neumann entropy (CvN-entropy) definition measuring the complexity of the wavefunction. Equations of motion are derived using a CvN-entropy constraint in the variational principle and result in a generally applicable effective Hamiltonian. It consists of the standard Hamilton operator and an additional nonlinear operator which limits the complexity of the wavefunction. Effectively, this nonlinear operator absorbs complex structures which are emerging in the wavefunction and allows one to introduce non-norm conserving equations of motion. Important aspects of the new concept are outlined studying the wave packet propagation on the diabatic B(2) potential energy surfaces of NO(2). First, it is demonstrated that during standard wave packet propagation the CvN-entropy increases strongly with time roughly independent of the coordinate systems employed. Second, one finds that employing CvN-entropy constrained MCTDH propagation yields improved wave function accuracy on longer time scales while compromising on the short time accuracy. Third, the loss of the wavefunction's norm is directly related to the overlap with the exact wavefunction. This provides an error estimate available without knowing an exact reference. PMID:22667549
A novel method for the measurement of the von Neumann spike in detonating high explosives
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sollier, A.; Bouyer, V.; Hébert, P.; Doucet, M.
2016-06-01
We present detonation wave profiles measured in T2 (97 wt. % TATB) and TX1 (52 wt. % TATB and 45 wt. % HMX) high explosives. The experiments consisted in initiating a detonation wave in a 15 mm diameter cylinder of explosive using an explosive wire detonator and an explosive booster. Free surface velocity wave profiles were measured at the explosive/air interface using a Photon Doppler Velocimetry system. We demonstrate that a comparison of these free surface wave profiles with those measured at explosive/window interfaces in similar conditions allows to bracket the von Neumann spike in a narrow range. For T2, our measurements show that the spike pressure lies between 35.9 and 40.1 GPa, whereas for TX1, it lies between 42.3 and 47.0 GPa. The numerical simulations performed in support to these measurements show that they can be used to calibrate reactive burn models and also to check the accuracy of the detonation products equation of state at low pressure.
von Neumann Stability Analysis of Numerical Solution Schemes for 1D and 2D Euler Equations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Konangi, Santosh; Palakurthi, Nikhil Kumar; Ghia, Urmila
2014-11-01
A von Neumann stability analysis is conducted for numerical schemes for the full system of coupled, density-based 1D and 2D Euler equations, closed by an isentropic equation of state. The governing equations are discretized on a staggered grid, which permits equivalence to finite-volume discretization. Presently, first-order accurate spatial and temporal finite-difference techniques are analyzed. The momentum convection term is treated as explicit, semi-implicit or implicit. Density upwind bias is included in the spatial operator of the continuity equation. By combining the discretization techniques, ten solution schemes are formulated. For each scheme, unstable and stable regimes are identified through the stability analysis, and the maximum allowable CFL number is predicted. The predictions are verified for selected schemes, using the Riemann problem at incompressible and compressible Mach numbers. Very good agreement is obtained between the analytically predicted and ``experimentally'' observed CFL values for all cases, thereby validating the analysis. The demonstrated analysis provides an accurate indication of stability conditions for the Euler equations, in contrast to the simplistic conditions arising from model equations, such as the wave equation.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Abdalla, M. Sebawe; Obada, A.-S. F.; Abdel-Aty, M.
2005-08-01
In the present article, we introduce a Hamiltonian model that consists of two modes of the field in a perfect cavity to interact with a single two-level atom. The interaction between the fields has been taken into account and considered to be in the parametric amplifier form. The model in one hand can be regarded as a generalization of the Jaynes-Cummings model (JCM), however, in the other hand it can be considered as a generalization of the parametric amplifier model. Under a certain condition the exact solution to the Schrödinger equation is obtained. Employing this solution and for chosen values of different parameters we discuss numerically the atomic occupation probabilities as well as the degree of entanglement through the entropy of the field. The system shows superstructure phenomenon similar to that appeared from the effect of the Kerr-like medium on the Jaynes-Cummings model. The von Neumann entropy and phase distribution for both two-mode correlated and uncorrelated coherent states cases are also considered.
Non-Equilibrium Zeldovich-Von Neumann-Doring Theory and Reactive Flow Modeling of Detonation
Tarver, C M; Forbes, J W; Urtiew, P A
2002-05-02
This paper discusses the Non-Equilibrium Zeldovich - von Neumann - Doring (NEZND) theory of self-sustaining detonation waves and the Ignition and Growth reactive flow model of shock initiation and detonation wave propagation in solid explosives. The NEZND theory identified the non-equilibrium excitation processes that precede and follow the exothermic decomposition of a large high explosive molecule into several small reaction product molecules. The thermal energy deposited by the leading shock wave must be distributed to the vibrational modes of the explosive molecule before chemical reactions can occur. The induction time for the onset of the initial endothermic reactions can be calculated using high pressure, high temperature transition state theory. Since the chemical energy is released well behind the leading shock front of a detonation wave, a physical mechanism is required for this chemical energy to reinforce the leading shock front and maintain its overall constant velocity. This mechanism is the amplification of pressure wavelets in the reaction zone by the process of de-excitation of the initially highly vibrationally excited reaction product molecules. This process leads to the development of the three-dimensional structure of detonation waves observed for all explosives. For practical predictions of shock initiation and detonation in hydrodynamic codes, phenomenological reactive flow models have been developed. The Ignition and Growth reactive flow model of shock initiation and detonation in solid explosives has been very successful in describing the overall flow measured by embedded gauges and laser interferometry. This reactive flow model uses pressure and compression dependent reaction rates, because time resolved experimental temperature data is not yet available. Since all chemical reaction rates are ultimately controlled by temperature, the next generation of reactive flow models will use temperature dependent reaction rates. Progress on a
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Korobov, A.
2009-03-01
Discrete random tessellations appear not infrequently in describing nucleation and growth transformations. Generally, several non-Euclidean metrics are possible in this case. Previously [A. Korobov, Phys. Rev. B 76, 085430 (2007)] continual analogs of such tessellations have been studied. Here one of the simplest discrete varieties of the Kolmogorov-Johnson-Mehl-Avrami model, namely, the model with von Neumann neighborhoods, has been examined per se, i.e., without continualization. The tessellation is uniform in the sense that domain boundaries consist of tiles. Similarities and distinctions between discrete and continual models are discussed.
Analytical reconsideration of the von Neumann paradox in the reflection of a shock wave over a wedge
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vasilev, Eugene I.; Elperin, Tov; Ben-Dor, Gabi
2008-04-01
The reflection of weak shock waves has been reconsidered analytically using shock polars. Based on the boundary condition across the slipstream, the solutions of the three-shock theory (3ST) were classified as "standard-3ST solutions" and "nonstandard-3ST solutions." It was shown that there are two situations in the nonstandard case: A situation whereby the 3ST provides solutions of which at least one is physical and a situation when the 3ST provides a solution which is not physical, and hence a reflection having a three-shock confluence is not possible. In addition, it is shown that there are initial conditions for which the 3ST does not provide any solution. In these situations, a four-wave theory, which is also presented in this study, replaces the 3ST. It is shown that four different wave configurations can exist in the weak shock wave reflection domain, a Mach reflection, a von Neumann reflection, a ?R (this reflection is not named yet!), and a modified Guderley reflection (GR). Recall that the wave configuration that was hypothesized by Guderley ["Considerations of the structure of mixed subsonic-supersonic flow patterns," Air Materiel Command Technical Report No. F-TR-2168-ND, ATI No. 22780, GS-AAF-Wright Field No. 39, U.S. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, OH (October 1947); Theorie Schallnaher Strömungen (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1957)] and later termed Guderley reflection did not include a slipstream (see Fig. 7). Our numerical study revealed that the wave structure proposed by Guderley must be complemented by a slipstream (see Fig. 4) in order to be relevant for explaining the von Neumann paradox. Hereafter, for simplicity, this modified GR wave configuration will be also termed Guderley reflection. The domains and transition boundaries between these four types of reflection are elucidated.
Rolf, Burkhard; Bayer, Birgit; Anslinger, Katja
2006-03-01
We investigated two compresses used by Therese Neumann (T.N.), a woman who lived from 1898 until 1962 in Konnersreuth, Germany. The compresses were soaked with blood during the appearance of stigmata on T.N.'s body on a Friday. T.N. became very popular among the faithful in Germany at this time. The question was whether this blood was from T.N. herself or from a family relative or an animal. The comparison of the HV1 and HV2 mtDNA sequence obtained from the compresses with the sequences from a reference sample from a maternally related niece of T.N. revealed an identity. Furthermore, we obtained a short tandem repeat (STR) profile from the bloodstains that were identical with the STR profile from a gummed envelope. The envelope contained a letter written by T.N. in the 1930s. Therefore, our investigations gave no indication for any manipulation. PMID:16158311
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Loubenets, Elena R.
2015-03-01
We prove the existence for each Hilbert space of the two new quasi hidden variable (qHV) models, statistically noncontextual and context-invariant, reproducing all the von Neumann joint probabilities via non-negative values of real-valued measures and all the quantum product expectations—via the qHV (classical-like) average of the product of the corresponding random variables. In a context-invariant model, a quantum observable X can be represented by a variety of random variables satisfying the functional condition required in quantum foundations but each of these random variables equivalently models X under all joint von Neumann measurements, regardless of their contexts. The proved existence of this model negates the general opinion that, in terms of random variables, the Hilbert space description of all the joint von Neumann measurements for dim H ≥ 3 can be reproduced only contextually. The existence of a statistically noncontextual qHV model, in particular, implies that every N-partite quantum state admits a local quasi hidden variable model introduced in Loubenets [J. Math. Phys. 53, 022201 (2012)]. The new results of the present paper point also to the generality of the quasi-classical probability model proposed in Loubenets [J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 45, 185306 (2012)].
Loubenets, Elena R.
2015-03-15
We prove the existence for each Hilbert space of the two new quasi hidden variable (qHV) models, statistically noncontextual and context-invariant, reproducing all the von Neumann joint probabilities via non-negative values of real-valued measures and all the quantum product expectations—via the qHV (classical-like) average of the product of the corresponding random variables. In a context-invariant model, a quantum observable X can be represented by a variety of random variables satisfying the functional condition required in quantum foundations but each of these random variables equivalently models X under all joint von Neumann measurements, regardless of their contexts. The proved existence of this model negates the general opinion that, in terms of random variables, the Hilbert space description of all the joint von Neumann measurements for dimH≥3 can be reproduced only contextually. The existence of a statistically noncontextual qHV model, in particular, implies that every N-partite quantum state admits a local quasi hidden variable model introduced in Loubenets [J. Math. Phys. 53, 022201 (2012)]. The new results of the present paper point also to the generality of the quasi-classical probability model proposed in Loubenets [J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 45, 185306 (2012)].
Bikchentaev, A M
2008-04-30
It is proved that every skew-Hermitian element of any properly infinite von Neumann algebra can be represented in the form of a finite sum of commutators of projections in this algebra. A new commutation condition for projections in terms of their upper (lower) bound in the lattice of all projections of the algebra is obtained. For the full matrix algebra the set of operators with canonical trace zero is described in terms of finite sums of commutators of projections and the domain in which the trace is positive is described in terms of finite sums of pairwise products of projections. Applications to AF-algebras are obtained. Bibliography: 33 titles.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Reyes, J.; Morales-Esteban, A.; González, E.; Martínez-Álvarez, F.
2016-07-01
In this research, a new algorithm for generating a stochastic earthquake catalog is presented. The algorithm is based on the acceptance-rejection sampling of von Neumann. The result is a computer simulation of earthquakes based on the calculated statistical properties of each zone. Vere-Jones states that an earthquake sequence can be modeled as a series of random events. This is the model used in the proposed simulation. Contrariwise, Utsu indicates that the mainshocks are special geophysical events. The algorithm has been applied to zones of Chile, China, Spain, Japan, and the USA. This allows classifying the zones according to Vere-Jones' or Utsu's model. The results have been quantified relating the mainshock with the largest aftershock within the next 5 days (which has been named as Bath event). The results show that some zones fit Utsu's model and others Vere-Jones'. Finally, the fraction of seismic events that satisfy certain properties of magnitude and occurrence is analyzed.
Zhang, Shao-Wu; Zhang, Yun-Long; Yang, Hui-Fang; Zhao, Chun-Hui; Pan, Quan
2008-05-01
The rapidly increasing number of sequence entering into the genome databank has called for the need for developing automated methods to analyze them. Information on the subcellular localization of new found protein sequences is important for helping to reveal their functions in time and conducting the study of system biology at the cellular level. Based on the concept of Chou's pseudo-amino acid composition, a series of useful information and techniques, such as residue conservation scores, von Neumann entropies, multi-scale energy, and weighted auto-correlation function were utilized to generate the pseudo-amino acid components for representing the protein samples. Based on such an infrastructure, a hybridization predictor was developed for identifying uncharacterized proteins among the following 12 subcellular localizations: chloroplast, cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, endoplasmic reticulum, extracell, Golgi apparatus, lysosome, mitochondria, nucleus, peroxisome, plasma membrane, and vacuole. Compared with the results reported by the previous investigators, higher success rates were obtained, suggesting that the current approach is quite promising, and may become a useful high-throughput tool in the relevant areas. PMID:18074191
Zhu, Chaoyuan; Jasper, Ahren W; Truhlar, Donald G
2005-07-01
Electronic energy flow in an isolated molecular system involves coupling between the electronic and nuclear subsystems, and the coupled system evolves to a statistical mixture of pure states. In semiclassical theories, nuclear motion is treated using classical mechanics, and electronic motion is treated as an open quantal system coupled to a "bath" of nuclear coordinates. We have previously shown how this can be simulated by a time-dependent Schrödinger equation with coherent switching and decay of mixing, where the decay of mixing terms model the dissipative effect of the environment on the electronic subdynamics (i.e., on the reduced dynamics of the electronic subsystem). In the present paper we reformulate the problem as a Liouville-von Neumann equation of motion (i.e., we propagate the reduced density matrix of the electronic subsystem), and we introduce the assumption of first-order linear decay. We specifically examine the cases of equal relaxation times for both longitudinal (i.e., population) decay and transverse decay (i.e., dephasing) and of longitudinal relaxation only, yielding the linear decay of mixing (LDM) and the population-driven decay of mixing (PDDM) schemes, respectively. Because we do not generally know the basis in which coherence decays, that is, the pointer basis, we judge the semiclassical methods in part by their ability to give good results in both the adiabatic and diabatic bases. The accuracy in the prediction of physical observables is shown to be robust not only with respect to basis but also with respect to the way in which demixing is incorporated into the master equation for the density matrix. The success of the PDDM scheme is particularly interesting because it incorporates the least amount of decoherence (i.e., the PDDM scheme is the most similar of the methods discussed to the fully coherent semiclassical Ehrenfest method). For both the new and previous decay of mixing schemes, four kinds of decoherent state switching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mueller-Vollmer, Kurt
1998-01-01
Letters by German-American writer and political scientist Francis Lieber and American lawyer and linguist John Pickering to Wilhem von Humboldt in Berlin, published here for the first time, give insight into the cultural interaction between Germany and the United States during the Jacksonian era, and may open new perspectives for German-American…
Analyzing Von Neumann machines using decentralized symmetries
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fang, Jie
2013-10-01
The artificial intelligence method to e-business is defined not only by the study of fiber-optic cables, but also by the unproven need for vacuum tubes. Given the current status of virtual archetypes, theorists clearly desire the exploration of semaphores, which embodies the compelling principles of cryptoanalysis. We present an algorithm for probabilistic theory (Buck), which we use to disprove that write-back caches can be made decentralized, lossless, and reliable.
Carl Neumann's Contributions to Electrodynamics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schlote, Karl-Heinz
2004-09-01
I examine the publications of Carl Neumann (1832 1925) on electrodynamics, which constitute a major part of his work and which illuminate his approach to mathematical physics. I show how Neumann contributed to physics at an important stage in its development and how his work led to a polemic with Hermann Helmholtz (1821 1894). Neumann advanced and extended the ideas of the Königsberg school of mathematical physics. His investigations were aimed at founding a mathematically exact physical theory of electrodynamics, following the approach of Carl G.J. Jacobi (1804 1851) on the foundation of a physical theory as outlined in Jacobi’s lectures on analytical mechanics. Neumann’s work also shows how he clung to principles that impeded him in appreciating and developing new ideas such as those on field theory that were proposed by Michael Faraday (1791 1867) and James Clerk Maxwell (1831 1879).
The von Neumann paradox in weak shock reflection
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zakharian, A. R.; Brio, M.; Hunter, J. K.; Webb, G. M.
2000-11-01
We present a numerical solution of the Euler equations of gas dynamics for a weak-shock Mach reflection in a half-space. In our numerical solutions, the incident, reflected, and Mach shocks meet at a triple point, and there is a supersonic patch behind the triple point, as proposed by Guderley. A theoretical analysis supports the existence of an expansion fan at the triple point, in addition to the three shocks. This solution is in complete agreement with the numerical solution of the unsteady transonic small-disturbance equations obtained by Hunter & Brio (2000), which provides an asymptotic description of a weak-shock Mach reflection. The supersonic patch is extremely small, and this work is the first time it has been resolved in a numerical solution of the Euler equations. The numerical solution uses six levels of grid refinement around the triple point. A delicate combination of numerical techniques is required to minimize both the effects of numerical diffusion and the generation of numerical oscillations at grid interfaces and shocks.
Genetics Home Reference: von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
... Review. Citation on PubMed Maher ER, Neumann HP, Richard S. von Hippel-Lindau disease: a clinical and scientific ... on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central Richard S, Graff J, Lindau J, Resche F. Von Hippel- ...
Dr. von Braun at 'Wernher von Braun Day' Celebration
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1970-01-01
In 1970 Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director Dr. Wernher von Braun (right) was reassigned to NASA Headquarters to serve as Deputy Associate Administrator for Plarning. Prior to his transfer, Dr. von Braun was honored for his career in Huntsville, Alabama, with the celebration of 'Wernher von Braun Day.' Among those participating were Alabama Governor Albert Brewer (left) and Alabama Senator John Sparkman (center). (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public library)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bryant, Kylie; Scott, Paul
2004-01-01
John Napier was born in 1550 in the Tower of Merchiston, near Edinburgh, Scotland. Napier's work on logarithms greatly influenced the work that was to be done in the future. The logarithm's ability to simplify calculations meant that Kepler and many others were able to find the relationships and formulas for motion of bodies. In turn, Kepler's…
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1981-01-01
On October 1, 1981, John A. Manke was named to head the Directorate of Flight Operations, Ames Research Center, which resulted from the consolidation of NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards, California, and Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California. He also served as site manager of the NASA Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility. Prior to this assignment, he served as Director of the Flight Operations and Support Directorate at Dryden. Manke attended the University of South Dakota before joining the U.S. Navy in 1951. He graduated from Marquette University at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1956 with a Bachelor Degree in Electrical Engineering. While at school he was selected for the NROTC program and after graduating in 1956 entered flight training and served as a fighter pilot with the U.S. Marine Corps. John left the service in 1960, and prior to joining NASA, worked for Honeywell Corporation as a test engineer. John joined Dryden in 1962 as a research engineer and later became a research pilot, testing advanced craft such as the wingless lifting bodies, forerunners of the Space Shuttle. He was project pilot on the X-24B and also flew the M-2, HL-10 and the X-24A lifting bodies. Manke retired on April 27, 1984. John is a member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots. He has been honored with two NASA Medals of Outstanding Leadership, two NASA Medals for Exceptional Service and was selected for the Aerospace Walk of Honor in 1997.
Spectral properties of ghost Neumann matrices
Bonora, L.; Santos, R. J. Scherer; Tolla, D. D.
2008-05-15
We continue the analysis of the ghost wedge states in the oscillator formalism by studying the spectral properties of the ghost matrices of Neumann coefficients. We show that the traditional spectral representation is not valid for these matrices and propose a new heuristic formula that allows one to reconstruct them from the knowledge of their eigenvalues and eigenvectors. It turns out that additional data, which we call boundary data, are needed in order to actually implement the reconstruction. In particular our result lends support to the conjecture that there exists a ghost three strings vertex with properties parallel to those of the matter three strings vertex.
Diffraction for a Neumann boundary condition
Lafitte, O.
1997-11-01
Let 0 be a bounded open set in R{sup n} and P be a constant coefficient operator of order 2 in R{sup n} x R{sub t} such that (P, {Omega}{sup c}) admits a strictly diffractive point. We calculate in this paper the principal symbol of the operator K transforming {partial_derivative}{sub n}u into u/{sub {partial_derivative}{Omega}} for a solution u of Pu = 0 in the neighborhood of a strictly diffractive point {rho}{sub 0} for (P, {Omega}{sup c}). We deduce from this calculation the principal symbol of the wave diffracted by a strictly convex analytic obstacle with a Neumann boundary condition. This result is used to calculate the electromagnetic wave diffracted by a perfectly conducting body. 7 refs., 2 figs.
Ampere-Neumann electrodynamics of metals
Graneau, P.
1985-01-01
Maxwell described Ampere's force law as the cardinal formula of electrodynamics. This law predicts longitudinal mechanical forces along current streamlines in metallic conductors. The Ampere forces set up tension in wires and busbars and compression in liquid metal. At normal current densities they are negligible but, increasing with the square of current, they become dominant in pulse power circuits. Ampere tension and compression have been revealed by exploding wire experiments, in liquid metal jets at solid - liquid interfaces, and with an electrodynamic pendulum. Ampere stresses are already playing an important role in the development of railguns, fuses, current limiters, opening switches, pulse magnets, and a host of other pulse-power devices. This book outlines the electrodynamic action-at-a-distance theory developed by Ampere, Neumann, Weber and, to some extent, by Maxwell. One chapter describes the 20th century extensions of the theory by Graneau and others.
Strong curvature effects in Neumann wave problems
Willatzen, M.; Pors, A.; Gravesen, J.
2012-08-15
Waveguide phenomena play a major role in basic sciences and engineering. The Helmholtz equation is the governing equation for the electric field in electromagnetic wave propagation and the acoustic pressure in the study of pressure dynamics. The Schroedinger equation simplifies to the Helmholtz equation for a quantum-mechanical particle confined by infinite barriers relevant in semiconductor physics. With this in mind and the interest to tailor waveguides towards a desired spectrum and modal pattern structure in classical structures and nanostructures, it becomes increasingly important to understand the influence of curvature effects in waveguides. In this work, we demonstrate analytically strong curvature effects for the eigenvalue spectrum of the Helmholtz equation with Neumann boundary conditions in cases where the waveguide cross section is a circular sector. It is found that the linear-in-curvature contribution originates from parity symmetry breaking of eigenstates in circular-sector tori and hence vanishes in a torus with a complete circular cross section. The same strong curvature effect is not present in waveguides subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions where curvature contributions contribute to second-order in the curvature only. We demonstrate this finding by considering wave propagation in a circular-sector torus corresponding to Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions, respectively. Results for relative eigenfrequency shifts and modes are determined and compared with three-dimensional finite element method results. Good agreement is found between the present analytical method using a combination of differential geometry with perturbation theory and finite element results for a large range of curvature ratios.
Strong curvature effects in Neumann wave problems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Willatzen, M.; Pors, A.; Gravesen, J.
2012-08-01
Waveguide phenomena play a major role in basic sciences and engineering. The Helmholtz equation is the governing equation for the electric field in electromagnetic wave propagation and the acoustic pressure in the study of pressure dynamics. The Schrödinger equation simplifies to the Helmholtz equation for a quantum-mechanical particle confined by infinite barriers relevant in semiconductor physics. With this in mind and the interest to tailor waveguides towards a desired spectrum and modal pattern structure in classical structures and nanostructures, it becomes increasingly important to understand the influence of curvature effects in waveguides. In this work, we demonstrate analytically strong curvature effects for the eigenvalue spectrum of the Helmholtz equation with Neumann boundary conditions in cases where the waveguide cross section is a circular sector. It is found that the linear-in-curvature contribution originates from parity symmetry breaking of eigenstates in circular-sector tori and hence vanishes in a torus with a complete circular cross section. The same strong curvature effect is not present in waveguides subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions where curvature contributions contribute to second-order in the curvature only. We demonstrate this finding by considering wave propagation in a circular-sector torus corresponding to Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions, respectively. Results for relative eigenfrequency shifts and modes are determined and compared with three-dimensional finite element method results. Good agreement is found between the present analytical method using a combination of differential geometry with perturbation theory and finite element results for a large range of curvature ratios.
Neumann domination for the Yang-Mills heat equation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Charalambous, Nelia; Gross, Leonard
2015-07-01
Long time existence and uniqueness of solutions to the Yang-Mills heat equation have been proven over a compact 3-manifold with boundary for initial data of finite energy. In the present paper, we improve on previous estimates by using a Neumann domination technique that allows us to get much better pointwise bounds on the magnetic field. As in the earlier work, we focus on Dirichlet, Neumann, and Marini boundary conditions. In addition, we show that the Wilson Loop functions, gauge invariantly regularized, converge as the parabolic time goes to infinity.
The herb St. John's Wort is believed to be helpful in relieving mild to moderate depression, but should only be taken under a physician's supervision. St. John's Wort may clash with other medications or foods ...
... 359–366. St. John's wort. Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Web site. Accessed at www.naturaldatabase.com on February ... St. John's wort ( Hypericum perforatum L.). Natural Standard Database Web site. Accessed at www.naturalstandard.com on February ...
On Neumann and Poincare problems for Laplace equation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ryazanov, Vladimir
2016-08-01
It is proved the existence of nonclassical solutions of the Neumann problem for the harmonic functions in the Jordan rectifiable domains with arbitrary measurable boundary distributions of normal derivatives. The same is stated for a special case of the Poincare problem on directional derivatives. Moreover, it is shown that the spaces of the found solutions have the infinite dimension.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1963-01-01
Mini Biography of John Glenn, as it was up to 1962. From film to tape transfer of the film 'Friendship 7 - John Glenn' Depicts the historical orbital flight of John Glenn aboard 'Friendship 7', launched on February 20, 1962. Footage of staff at tracking stations worldwide and at Goddard Space Flight Center. Launch from cape canaveral. Flight tracking, re-entry, landing and recovery of Friendship 7.
Eigenvalues of the Neumann Laplacian in symmetric regions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Marrocos, Marcus A. M.; Pereira, Antônio L.
2015-11-01
In this work, we are concerned with the multiplicity of the eigenvalues of the Neumann Laplacian in regions of ℝn which are invariant under the natural action of a compact subgroup G of O(n). We give a partial positive answer (in the Neumann case) to a conjecture of Arnol'd [Funct. Anal. Appl. 6, 94-101 (1972)] on the transversality of the transformation given by the Dirichlet integral to the stratification in the space of quadratic forms according to the multiplicities of the eigenvalues. We show, for some classes of subgroups of O(n) that, generically in the set of G - invariant, C 2 -regions, the action is irreducible in each eigenspace Ker(Δ + λ). These classes include finite subgroups with irreducible representations of dimension not greater than 2 and, in the case n = 2, any compact subgroup of O(2). We also obtain some partial results for general compact subgroups of O(n).
John Glenn: Friendship 7 Splashdown
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1963-01-01
Splasdown of Freindship 7 From: The John Glenn Story: Summary of astronaut John Glenn's flying career, from naval aviation training to space flight. The Mercury project is featured as John Glenn flies the Friendship 7 spacecraft. President John F. Kennedy presents the NASA Distinguished service Medal to Astronaut John Glenn.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
LaFromboise, Teresa D.; Neumann, Harly
2002-01-01
John D. Krumboltz continues to contribute to the field of counseling psychology, including the subspecialty of career counseling, after five decades of professional experience. Inspired by B. F. Skinner, John operationalized a behavioral approach to counseling. After 4 years at Michigan State University, where he initiated research on programmed…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Levinger, Esther
1989-01-01
States that the painted words in Jasper Johns' art act in two different capacities: concealed words partake in the artist's interrogation of visual perception; and visible painted words question classical representation. Argues that words are Johns' means of critiquing modernism. (RS)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clopton, Robert W.
2015-01-01
The subject of the annual Presidential address of Phi Kappa Phi, presented on May 8, 1962, was John Dewey. Dewey is identified in the public mind chiefly as an educational philosopher. In this address, the author describes the life and work of John Dewey as an indefatigable student of life whose interests ranged, like those of Aristotle, over the…
Coherent state transforms and the Mackey-Stone-Von Neumann theorem
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kirwin, William D.; Mourão, José M.; Nunes, João P.
2014-10-01
Mackey showed that for a compact Lie group K, the pair (K, C 0(K)) has a unique non-trivial irreducible covariant pair of representations. We study the relevance of this result to the unitary equivalence of quantizations for an infinite-dimensional family of K × K invariant polarizations on T*K. The Kähler polarizations in the family are generated by (complex) time-τ Hamiltonian flows applied to the (Schrödinger) vertical real polarization. The unitary equivalence of the corresponding quantizations of T*K is then studied by considering covariant pairs of representations of K defined by geometric prequantization and of representations of C 0(K) defined via Heisenberg time-(-τ) evolution followed by time-(+τ) geometric-quantization-induced evolution. We show that in the semiclassical and large imaginary time limits, the unitary transform whose existence is guaranteed by Mackey's theorem can be approximated by composition of the time-(+τ) geometric-quantization-induced evolution with the time-(-τ) evolution associated with the momentum space [W. D. Kirwin and S. Wu, "Momentum space for compact Lie groups and the Peter-Weyl theorem" (unpublished)] quantization of the Hamiltonian function generating the flow. In the case of quadratic Hamiltonians, this asymptotic result is exact and unitary equivalence between quantizations is achieved by identifying the Heisenberg imaginary time evolution with heat operator evolution, in accordance with the coherent state transform of Hall.
Halverson, Thomas; Poirier, Bill
2012-12-14
In a series of earlier articles [B. Poirier, J. Theor. Comput. Chem. 2, 65 (2003); B. Poirier and A. Salam, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 1690 (2004); and ibid. 121, 1704 (2004)], a new method was introduced for performing exact quantum dynamics calculations. The method uses a 'weylet' basis set (orthogonalized Weyl-Heisenberg wavelets) combined with phase space truncation, to defeat the exponential scaling of CPU effort with system dimensionality-the first method ever able to achieve this long-standing goal. Here, we develop another such method, which uses a much more convenient basis of momentum-symmetrized Gaussians. Despite being non-orthogonal, symmetrized Gaussians are collectively local, allowing for effective phase space truncation. A dimension-independent code for computing energy eigenstates of both coupled and uncoupled systems has been created, exploiting massively parallel algorithms. Results are presented for model isotropic uncoupled harmonic oscillators and coupled anharmonic oscillators up to 27 dimensions. These are compared with the previous weylet calculations (uncoupled harmonic oscillators up to 15 dimensions), and found to be essentially just as efficient. Coupled system results are also compared to corresponding exact results obtained using a harmonic oscillator basis, and also to approximate results obtained using first-order perturbation theory up to the maximum dimensionality for which the latter may be feasibly obtained (four dimensions).
Halverson, Thomas; Poirier, Bill
2012-12-14
In a series of earlier articles [B. Poirier, J. Theor. Comput. Chem. 2, 65 (2003); B. Poirier and A. Salam, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 1690 (2004); and ibid. 121, 1704 (2004)], a new method was introduced for performing exact quantum dynamics calculations. The method uses a "weylet" basis set (orthogonalized Weyl-Heisenberg wavelets) combined with phase space truncation, to defeat the exponential scaling of CPU effort with system dimensionality--the first method ever able to achieve this long-standing goal. Here, we develop another such method, which uses a much more convenient basis of momentum-symmetrized Gaussians. Despite being non-orthogonal, symmetrized Gaussians are collectively local, allowing for effective phase space truncation. A dimension-independent code for computing energy eigenstates of both coupled and uncoupled systems has been created, exploiting massively parallel algorithms. Results are presented for model isotropic uncoupled harmonic oscillators and coupled anharmonic oscillators up to 27 dimensions. These are compared with the previous weylet calculations (uncoupled harmonic oscillators up to 15 dimensions), and found to be essentially just as efficient. Coupled system results are also compared to corresponding exact results obtained using a harmonic oscillator basis, and also to approximate results obtained using first-order perturbation theory up to the maximum dimensionality for which the latter may be feasibly obtained (four dimensions). PMID:23248981
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Halverson, Thomas; Poirier, Bill
2012-12-01
In a series of earlier articles [B. Poirier, J. Theor. Comput. Chem. 2, 65 (2003);, 10.1142/S0219633603000380 B. Poirier and A. Salam, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 1690 (2004);, 10.1063/1.1767511 B. Poirier and A. Salam, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 1704 (2004), 10.1063/1.1767512], a new method was introduced for performing exact quantum dynamics calculations. The method uses a "weylet" basis set (orthogonalized Weyl-Heisenberg wavelets) combined with phase space truncation, to defeat the exponential scaling of CPU effort with system dimensionality—the first method ever able to achieve this long-standing goal. Here, we develop another such method, which uses a much more convenient basis of momentum-symmetrized Gaussians. Despite being non-orthogonal, symmetrized Gaussians are collectively local, allowing for effective phase space truncation. A dimension-independent code for computing energy eigenstates of both coupled and uncoupled systems has been created, exploiting massively parallel algorithms. Results are presented for model isotropic uncoupled harmonic oscillators and coupled anharmonic oscillators up to 27 dimensions. These are compared with the previous weylet calculations (uncoupled harmonic oscillators up to 15 dimensions), and found to be essentially just as efficient. Coupled system results are also compared to corresponding exact results obtained using a harmonic oscillator basis, and also to approximate results obtained using first-order perturbation theory up to the maximum dimensionality for which the latter may be feasibly obtained (four dimensions).
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1962-01-01
Astronaut John Glenn and technicians inspect artwork that will be painted on the outside of his Mercury spacecraft. John Glenn nicknamed his capsule 'Friendship 7'. On February 20, 1962 astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. lifted off into space aboard his Mercury Atlas (MA-6) rocket and became the first American to orbit the Earth. After orbiting the Earth 3 times, Friendship 7 landed in the Atlantic Ocean 4 hours, 55 minutes and 23 seconds later, just East of Grand Turk Island in the Bahamas. Glenn and his capsule were recovered by the Navy Destroyer Noa, 21 minutes after splashdown.
John Young served as a NASA astronaut for over four decades, flying on Gemini, Apollo and the Space Shuttle. He walked on the moon during Apollo 16 in 1972 and commanded the first shuttle mission, ...
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nikola-Lisa, W.
1998-01-01
Compares three children's books retelling the legend of John Henry: "John Henry: An American Legend" by Ezra Jack Keats (1965), "John Henry" by Julius Lester (1994), and "The Legend of John Henry" by Terry Small (1994). Differences in imagery, language, symbolism, and themes are discussed. (MAK)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pittard, Julian M.
2015-03-01
John Dyson was born on the 7th January 1941 in Meltham Mills, West Yorkshire, England, and later grew up in Harrogate and Leeds. The proudest moment of John's early life was meeting Freddie Trueman, who became one of the greatest fast bowlers of English cricket. John used a state scholarship to study at Kings College London, after hearing a radio lecture by D. M. McKay. He received a first class BSc Special Honours Degree in Physics in 1962, and began a Ph.D. at the University of Manchester Department of Astronomy after being attracted to astronomy by an article of Zdenek Kopal in the semi-popular journal New Scientist. John soon started work with Franz Kahn, and studied the possibility that the broad emission lines seen from the Orion Nebula were due to flows driven by the photoevaporation of neutral globules embedded in a HII region. John's thesis was entitled ``The Age and Dynamics of the Orion Nebula`` and he passed his oral examination on 28th February 1966.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1950-01-01
Dr. Theodore von Karman, co-founder of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Pasadena, California was an aeronautical theoretician. His contributions in the fields of aerodynamics and aeronautical engineering are well documented and well known to every aerospace engineer. He was the first winner of the prestigious U.S. Medal of Science presented to him by President John F. Kennedy. As well as being co-founder of JPL, he also was principal founder of a major rocket propulsion firm (Aerojet-General Corp.), the top science advisor to the U.S. Air Force during its transition to jet propulsion aircraft and the top science advisor to NATO. He was, during much of this time, the fountainhead of aerodynamic thought as head of the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology (GALCIT) in Pasadena, California. In the May 1956 issue of the Journal of Aeronautical Sciences, it was said of him that 'No other man has had so great an impact on the development of aeronautical science in this country. Hundreds of young men became his students and scientific collaborators and were inspired to greater effort.' Dr. William H. Pickering, then director of JPL said in 1960 'We wouldn't have an aeronautical science as we know it today, if it weren't for Dr. Thoedore von Karman.' Under his guidance, Caltech's 10 foot wind tunnel was designed, built and operated. Industry firms such as Douglas, Northrop, Hughes, Lockheed, North American, Vultee and Consolidated all tested new aeronautical designs and concepts in GALCIT's tunnel. Even Boeing's own high-speed wind tunnel was heavily influenced by suggestions from von Karman. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) became so concerned about GALCIT's growing influence over West coast aviation, it erected the Ames Laboratory in Sunnyvale, California in part to deter an ever widening aeronautical gap that had formed between NACA and GALCIT. From 1936 to 1940, Caltech stood alone as the only university
Dirichlet and Neumann eigenvalues for half-plane magnetic Hamiltonians
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bruneau, Vincent; Miranda, Pablo; Raikov, Georgi
2014-02-01
Let H0,D (respectively, H0,N) be the Schrödinger operator in constant magnetic field on the half-plane with Dirichlet (respectively, Neumann) boundary conditions, and let Hℓ := H0,ℓ - V, ℓ = D, N, where the scalar potential V is non-negative, bounded, does not vanish identically, and decays at infinity. We compare the distribution of the eigenvalues of HD and HN below the respective infima of the essential spectra. To this end, we construct effective Hamiltonians which govern the asymptotic behavior of the discrete spectrum of Hℓ near inf σess(Hℓ) = inf σ(H0,ℓ), ℓ = D, N. Applying these Hamiltonians, we show that σdisc(HD) is infinite even if V has a compact support, while σdisc(HN) could be finite or infinite depending on the decay rate of V.
Dr. von Braun, Mayor Searcy, and General Medaris
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1959-01-01
Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director of the U.S. Army Ballistic Missile Agency's (ABMA) Development Operations Division, talks to Huntsville Mayor R. B. 'Speck' Searcy, center, and Army Ordnance Missile Command (ARMC) Major General John B. Medaris, right, during 'Moon Day' celebrations in downtown Huntsville, Alabama. (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1959-01-01
Astronaut John H. Glenn, one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. The MA-6 mission, boosted by the Mercury-Atlas vehicle, was the first manned orbital launch by the United States, and carried Astronaut Glenn aboard the Friendship 7 spacecraft to orbit the Earth.
Dedication: John Reuben Clark.
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
Volume 40 of Horticultural reviews is dedicated to John Reuben Clark (University of Arkansas) for his outstanding contributions to horticulture. While known particularly for his impact on blackberry, blueberry, table grape, and peach cultivar development, he has also been a strong and enthusiastic v...
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Draper, Joan
1979-01-01
A biographical sketch of John Galen Howard, founder of the Department of Architecture at the University of California at Berkeley, is presented. Howard's conservative outlook and idealistic nature are examined and his influence on the curriculum at the university is traced. (PHR)
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1962-01-01
John C. Houbolt at blackboard, showing his space rendezvous concept for lunar landings. Lunar Orbital Rendezvous (LOR) would be used in the Apollo program. Although Houbolt did not invent the idea of LOR, he was the person most responsible for pushing it at NASA.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dean, Kathleen Lis; Rombalski, Patrick; O'Dell, Kyle
2009-01-01
John Carroll University (JCU) is a Jesuit Catholic institution located in University Heights, approximately 10 miles east of Cleveland, Ohio. Founded in 1888, the university has a population of 3,400 undergraduates and 800 graduate students. The Division of Student Affairs at JCU comprises 11 units. The mission of the division is the same as that…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
White, Graham
2002-01-01
The John Muir Award was established in the United Kingdom to respond to minimal environmental awareness, especially among youth. The Award has three levels of effort; all involve discovering a wild place, exploring its wildness, helping to conserve it, and sharing the experience with a wider audience. There is an effort to establish the award in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Snyder, Ellsworth
1992-01-01
Presents an informal discussion with composer John Cage which includes his response to George Maciunas' work, his recollections of Marcel Duchamp, the complex relationship between inelegant material and revealing works of art, neo-Dada and neo-Fluxus, Wittgenstein and the artist's ultimate responsibility to initiate a change in the viewer or…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Leal, Amy
2007-01-01
Two months before he died, John Keats claimed he had been poisoned. Although most scholars and biographers have attributed Keats's fears of persecution, betrayal, and murder to consumptive dementia, Keats's suspicions had begun long before 1820 and were not without some justification. In this article, the author talks about the death of John…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schamel, Wynell; Potter, Lee Ann
1998-01-01
Reviews the accomplishments of John Glenn as a pilot, astronaut, senator, and pioneer in relation to his 1998 flight that made him the oldest person to ever travel into space. Includes photographs for students to study, and recommends classroom activities related to Glenn's career. (DSK)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Vales, Robert L.
This book is designed as an introduction to John Wolcot's works for the general reader, the college student, and the college teacher. Wolcot, whose pen name was Peter Pindar, wrote topical satire on public personalities of the eighteenth century, and his methods of criticism are the motif which guides each chapter and which unites all the satires…
In AppreciationThe Depth and Breadth of John Bell's Physics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jackiw, Roman; Shimony, Abner
This essay surveys the work of John Stewart Bell, one of the great physicists of the twentieth century. Section 1 is a brief biography, tracing his career from working-class origins and undergraduate training in Belfast, Northern Ireland, to research in accelerator and nuclear physics in the British national laboratories at Harwell and Malvern, to his profound research on elementary particle physics as a member of the Theory Group at CERN and his equally profound ``hobby'' of investigating the foundations of quantum mechanics. Section 2 concerns this hobby, which began in his discontent with Bohr's and Heisenberg's analyses of the measurement process. He was attracted to the program of hidden variables interpretations, but he revolutionized the foundations of quantum mechanics by a powerful negative result: that no hidden variables theory that is ``local'' (in a clear and well-motivated sense) can agree with all the correlations predicted by quantum mechanics regarding well-separated systems. He further deepened the foundations of quantum mechanics by penetrating conceptual analyses of results concerning measurement theory of von Neumann, de Broglie and Bohm, Gleason, Jauch and Piron, Everett, and Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber. Bell's work in particle theory (Section 3) began with a proof of the CPT theorem in his doctoral dissertation, followed by investigations of the phenomenology of CP-violating experiments. At CERN Bell investigated the commutation relations in current algebras from various standpoints. The failure of current algebra combined with partially conserved current algebra to permit the experimentally observed decay of the neutral pi-meson into two photons stimulated the discovery by Bell and Jackiw of anomalous or quantal symmetry breaking, which has numerous implications for elementary particle phenomena. Other late investigations of Bell on elementary particle physics were bound states in quantum chromodynamics (in collaboration with Bertlmann) and
John Glenn: His first Flying Lesson Remembered
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1971-01-01
Pilot Harry Clever remembers giving John Glenn his first flying lesson. From: The John Glenn Story: Summary of astronaut John Glenn's flying career, from naval aviation training to space flight. The Mercury project is featured as John Glenn flies the Friendship 7 spacecraft. President John F. Kennedy presents the NASA Distinguished service Medal to Astronaught John Glenn.
Clarke, R W
1997-01-01
Oliver St John Gogarty--Otolaryngologist to fashionable Edwardian Dublin--was a distinguished poet and a Senator in the fledgling Irish Free State after its establishment in 1922. He numbered amongst his acquaintances the poet William Butler Yeats, the novelist James Joyce and a host of political and literary persona who helped to shape modern Ireland. He was satirised as 'stately plump Buck Mulligan' in Joyce's novel Ulysses. PMID:9292124
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Phi Delta Kappan, 2008
2008-01-01
This article presents speeches describing John McCain's position on education posted on the McCain campaign's official web site, www.johnmccain.com. These include McCain's speech to LaRaza convention, July 14; McCain's speech to the NAACP, July 16; McCain's speech at the Greater Columbus (Ohio) Convention Center, May 15; and McCain's speech at…
Radetsky, M
2001-05-01
John Keats was trained as an apothecary, the general practitioner of the day. Precocious in his sensibilities and fluent in his imagery, he also was the model of the romantic poet. That he was a physician and a poet makes his early death from tuberculosis poignant and revealing. This history traces his life and death against the backdrop of medicine at the turn of the 19th century. PMID:11368115
A novel formulation for Neumann inflow boundary conditions in biomechanics.
Gravemeier, Volker; Comerford, Andrew; Yoshihara, Lena; Ismail, Mahmoud; Wall, Wolfgang A
2012-05-01
Neumann boundary conditions prescribing the total momentum flux at inflow boundaries of biomechanical problems are proposed in this study. This approach enables the simultaneous application of velocity/flow rate and pressure curves at inflow boundaries. As the basic numerical method, a residual-based variational multiscale (or stabilized) finite element method is presented. The focus of the numerical examples in this work is on respiratory flows with complete flow reversals. However, the proposed formulation is just as well suited for cardiovascular flow problems with partial retrograde flow. Instabilities, which were reported for such problems in the literature, are resolved by the present approach without requiring the additional consideration of a Lagrange multiplier technique. The suitability of the approach is demonstrated for two respiratory flow examples, a rather simple tube and complex tracheobronchial airways (up to the fourth generation, segmented from end-expiratory CT images). For the latter example, the boundary conditions are generated from mechanical ventilation data obtained from an intensive care unit patient suffering from acute lung injury. For the tube, analytical pressure profiles can be replicated, and for the tracheobronchial airways, a correct distribution of the prescribed total momentum flux at the inflow boundary into velocity and pressure part is observed. PMID:25099458
Eab, C. H.; Lim, S. C.; Teo, L. P.
2007-08-15
This paper studies the Casimir effect due to fractional massless Klein-Gordon field confined to parallel plates. A new kind of boundary condition called fractional Neumann condition which involves vanishing fractional derivatives of the field is introduced. The fractional Neumann condition allows the interpolation of Dirichlet and Neumann conditions imposed on the two plates. There exists a transition value in the difference between the orders of the fractional Neumann conditions for which the Casimir force changes from attractive to repulsive. Low and high temperature limits of Casimir energy and pressure are obtained. For sufficiently high temperature, these quantities are dominated by terms independent of the boundary conditions. Finally, validity of the temperature inversion symmetry for various boundary conditions is discussed.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Campbell, Robert
2002-03-01
John Campbell Begg born in Dunedin in 1876 was the son of Alexander Campbell Begg and Katherine Begg, early Otago settlers. He studied physics and philosophy at the University of Otago before turning to business and rural pursuits. He died in Dunedin in 1965 age 89. The Begg family were foundation members of the Otago Astronomical Society. Visits to the Tanna Hill Observatory were made in 1915. The astronomical observatory which stands in Robin Hood Park, Roslyn, Dunedin bears his name; Beverly Begg Observatory
John Nash, game theory, and the schizophrenic brain.
Capps, Donald
2011-03-01
This article focuses on John Nash, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1994, and subject of the Award winning 2001 film A Beautiful Mind, who was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia in 1958 at the age of 29. After presenting an account of the emergence, course, and eventual remission of his illness, the article argues for the relevance of his contribution to game theory, known as the Nash equilibrium, for which he received the Nobel Prize, to research studies of the schizophrenic brain and how it deviates from the normal brain. The case is made that the Nash equilibrium is descriptive of the normal brain, whereas the game theory formulated by John van Neumann, which Nash's theory challenges, is descriptive of the schizophrenic brain. The fact that Nash and his colleagues in mathematics did not make the association between his contributions to mathematics and his mental breakdown and that his later recovery exemplified the validity of this contribution are noted and discussed. Religious themes in his delusional system, including his view of himself as a secret messianic figure and the biblical Esau, are interpreted in light of these competing game theories and the dysfunctions of the schizophrenic brain. His recognition that his return to normalcy came at the price of his sense of being in relation to the cosmos is also noted. PMID:19862621
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
Dr. Wernher von Braun with Dr. Eberhard Rees and R.W. Cook at a press conference concerning Dr. Von Braun's assignment to NASA headquarters and Dr. Rees' subsequent assignment as Marshall Center director.
Light amplification using semiconductors
Dupuis, R.D.
1987-06-01
During the summer of 1953, John von Neumann discussed his ideas concerning light amplification using semiconductors with Edward Teller. In September of that year, von Neumann sent a manuscript containing his ideas and calculations on this subject to Teller for his comments. To the best of our knowledge, von Neumann did not take time to work further on these ideas, and the manuscript remained unpublished. These previously unpublished writings of John von Neumann on the subject of light amplification in semiconductors are printed as a service to the laser community. While von Neumann's original manuscript and his letter to Teller are available to anyone who visits the Library of Congress, it is much more convenient to have this paper appear in an archival journal.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Carlson, Scott
2008-01-01
A visitor to Saint John's University and Saint John's Abbey, in north-central Minnesota, sees something of Gothic heritage while standing in front of the abbey church, designed and built around 1960. The church's 112-foot campanile--a trapezoidal slab made of 2,500 tons of steel and concrete--stands boldly in front of a huge concrete honeycomb…
John Bartlett and bioterrorism.
Henderson, D A
2014-09-15
Until 1997, the subject of bioterrorism was not discussed within the medical community and deliberately ignored in national planning efforts. Biological weapons were regarded as "morally repulsive." This complacency stemmed from a 1972 Biological Weapons Convention where all countries agreed to cease offensive biological weapons research. In the 1990s, however, the Soviet Union was discovered to have an extensive bioweapons program and a Japanese religious cult sought to launch an anthrax attack on Tokyo. Biological weapons such as smallpox and anthrax had the potential to cause a national catastrophe. However, little was done until John Bartlett in 1997 led a symposium and program to educate the medical community and the country of the need for definitive bioweapons programs. It was highly persuasive and received a final stimulus when the anthrax attack occurred in the United States in 2001. PMID:25151482
JOHN MUIR WILDERNESS, CALIFORNIA.
Dellinger, David A.; Johnson, Frederick L.
1984-01-01
The mineral survey of the John Muir Wilderness, California revealed eight areas of probable and substantiated potential for the occurrence of mineral resources. Tungsten, with accompanying resources of gold, copper, silver, and molybdenum, is found along contacts between granitic rocks and metamorphosed calcareous sedimentary rocks; it is estimated that more than 1 million tons of demonstrated tungsten resources exist in areas of sustantiated resource potential within the wilderness. Resources of gold, silver, lead, copper, zinc, molydenum, and cobalt, occur in small deposits not associated with tungsten; however, the known deposits of these commodities are small and the possibility of the occurrence of larger ones is unlikely. The geologic setting precludes the presence of fossil fuel resources.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shenavar, Hossein
2016-03-01
We impose Neumann boundary condition to solve cosmological perturbation equations and we derive a modified Friedmann equation and a new lensing equation. To check the new lensing equation and the value of Neumann constant, a sample that contains ten strong lensing systems is surveyed. Except for one lens, masses of the other lenses are found to be within the constrains of the observational data. Furthermore, we argue that by using the concept of geometrodynamic clocks it is possible to modify the equation of motion of massive particles too. Also, a sample that includes 101 HSB and LSB galaxies is used to re-estimate the value of the Neumann constant and we found that this value is consistent with the prior evaluation from Friedmann and lensing equations. Finally, the growth of structure is studied by a Newtonian approach which resulted in a more rapid rate of the structure formation in matter dominated era.
Standing in the gap: ref lections on translating the Jung-Neumann correspondence.
McCartney, Heather
2016-04-01
This paper considers the experience of translating the correspondence between C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann as part of the Philemon series. The translator explores the similarities between analytical work and the task of translation by means of the concepts of the dialectical third and the interactional field. The history and politics of the translation of analytic writing and their consequences for the lingua franca of analysis are discussed. Key themes within the correspondence are outlined, including Jung and Neumann's pre-war exploration of Judaism and the unconscious, the post-war difficulties around the publication of Neumann's Depth Psychology and a New Ethic set against the early years of the C.G. Jung Institute in Zurich, and the development of the correspondents' relationship over time. PMID:27000693
Conjugate quasilinear Dirichlet and Neumann problems and a posteriori error bounds
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lavery, J. E.
1976-01-01
Quasilinear Dirichlet and Neumann problems on a rectangle D with boundary D prime are considered. Using these concepts, conjugate problems, that is, a pair of one Dirichlet and one Neumann problem, the minima of the energies of which add to zero, are introduced. From the concept of conjugate problems, two-sided bounds for the energy of the exact solution of any given Dirichlet or Neumann problem are constructed. These two-sided bounds for the energy at the exact solution are in turn used to obtain a posteriori error bounds for the norm of the difference of the approximate and exact solutions of the problem. These bounds do not involve the unknown exact solution and are easily constructed numerically.
Three-dimensional Neumann-series approach to model light transport in nonuniform media
Jha, Abhinav K.; Kupinski, Matthew A.; Barrett, Harrison H.; Clarkson, Eric; Hartman, John H.
2014-01-01
We present the implementation, validation, and performance of a three-dimensional (3D) Neumann-series approach to model photon propagation in nonuniform media using the radiative transport equation (RTE). The RTE is implemented for nonuniform scattering media in a spherical harmonic basis for a diffuse-optical-imaging setup. The method is parallelizable and implemented on a computing system consisting of NVIDIA Tesla C2050 graphics processing units (GPUs). The GPU implementation provides a speedup of up to two orders of magnitude over non-GPU implementation, which leads to good computational efficiency for the Neumann-series method. The results using the method are compared with the results obtained using the Monte Carlo simulations for various small-geometry phantoms, and good agreement is observed. We observe that the Neumann-series approach gives accurate results in many cases where the diffusion approximation is not accurate. PMID:23201945
Pope John XXI, ophthalmologist.
Blanchard, D
1995-01-01
Pope John XXI was an ophthalmologist before becoming Pope. He was born in Lisbon and trained at University of Paris and was part of the early medical school faculty in Siena. He became physician for Pope Gregory X and shifted to church duties. He rose quickly in the ranks of the Catholic church and was elected Pope in 1276 AD. His term was short. He died when construction in the Papal Palace at Viterbo, collapsed on him. His text book is in two parts with introductions to the eye followed by descriptions of diseases with their mostly medical treatments. He concludes with a section about his own wonderful waters. The work survived and a copy was even found amongst Michelangelo's papers. Unfortunately the book turns out to be a plagiarism of two earlier text books. His most notable achievement supposedly was discovering that glaucoma was a disease with a hard eye. It turns out that this section is referring only to a suppurative external disease with indurated lids called sclerophthalmia. PMID:7555583
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
French, Linda M.
2010-01-01
John Goodricke (1764-1786) is one of the most intriguing and enigmatic figures in the history of astronomy. Deaf from the age of five, his observations of the light variation of Algol brought him acclaim and the Copley Medal of the Royal Society by the age of nineteen. Together with his neighbor, mentor, and distant relative Edward Pigott, he went on to discover and quantify the light variations of other stars, including Delta Cephei. Goodricke's careful accounts of his observations, and their accuracy, remain a model of clear scientific thinking and reporting. Goodricke's career was short, as was his time on Earth: he died before his 22nd birthday. He left few personal notes or letters, and even many basic circumstances of his life have been misunderstood or misinterpreted. I will discuss Goodricke's apparent change of mind regarding the variations of Algol. I will further describe recent research into his family circumstances and into the allegation advanced by Zdenek Kopal in the 1980s that Goodricke was buried apart from his family because they were ashamed of his deafness.
John Herschel's Graphical Method
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hankins, Thomas L.
2011-01-01
In 1833 John Herschel published an account of his graphical method for determining the orbits of double stars. He had hoped to be the first to determine such orbits, but Felix Savary in France and Johann Franz Encke in Germany beat him to the punch using analytical methods. Herschel was convinced, however, that his graphical method was much superior to analytical methods, because it used the judgment of the hand and eye to correct the inevitable errors of observation. Line graphs of the kind used by Herschel became common only in the 1830s, so Herschel was introducing a new method. He also found computation fatiguing and devised a "wheeled machine" to help him out. Encke was skeptical of Herschel's methods. He said that he lived for calculation and that the English would be better astronomers if they calculated more. It is difficult to believe that the entire Scientific Revolution of the 17th century took place without graphs and that only a few examples appeared in the 18th century. Herschel promoted the use of graphs, not only in astronomy, but also in the study of meteorology and terrestrial magnetism. Because he was the most prominent scientist in England, Herschel's advocacy greatly advanced graphical methods.
Jha, Abhinav K.; Kupinski, Matthew A.; Masumura, Takahiro; Clarkson, Eric; Maslov, Alexey V.; Barrett, Harrison H.
2014-01-01
We present the implementation, validation, and performance of a Neumann-series approach for simulating light propagation at optical wavelengths in uniform media using the radiative transport equation (RTE). The RTE is solved for an anisotropic-scattering medium in a spherical harmonic basis for a diffuse-optical-imaging setup. The main objectives of this paper are threefold: to present the theory behind the Neumann-series form for the RTE, to design and develop the mathematical methods and the software to implement the Neumann series for a diffuse-optical-imaging setup, and, finally, to perform an exhaustive study of the accuracy, practical limitations, and computational efficiency of the Neumann-series method. Through our results, we demonstrate that the Neumann-series approach can be used to model light propagation in uniform media with small geometries at optical wavelengths. PMID:23201893
Bertlmann, Reinhold A.
2015-07-15
John Bell, with whom I had a fruitful collaboration and warm friendship, is best known for his seminal work on the foundations of quantum physics, but he also made outstanding contributions to particle physics and accelerator physics.
John Glenn Entering Friendship 7
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1962-01-01
Overall view of astronaut John Glenn, Jr., as he enters into the spacecraft Friendship 7 prior to MA-6 launch operations at Launch Complex 14. Astronaut Glenn is entering his spacecraft to begin the first American manned Earth orbital mission.
Innes, John
2016-07-23
In the first of a new series of features for Vet Record Careers, John Innes describes a recent working week as referrals director for CVS and a RCVS specialist in small animal orthopaedics. PMID:27450857
An Interview with John Wilson.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Halstead, J. Mark; McLaughlin, Terence H.
2000-01-01
Presents an interview with John Wilson covering topics such as: addressing the people who influenced him, highlighting Wilson's career and home background, and providing discussions on his opinions related to religion, morality, moral education, and the concept of authority. (CMK)
John locke on personal identity.
Nimbalkar, Namita
2011-01-01
John Locke speaks of personal identity and survival of consciousness after death. A criterion of personal identity through time is given. Such a criterion specifies, insofar as that is possible, the necessary and sufficient conditions for the survival of persons. John Locke holds that personal identity is a matter of psychological continuity. He considered personal identity (or the self) to be founded on consciousness (viz. memory), and not on the substance of either the soul or the body. PMID:21694978
John Locke on Personal Identity**
Nimbalkar, Namita
2011-01-01
John Locke speaks of personal identity and survival of consciousness after death. A criterion of personal identity through time is given. Such a criterion specifies, insofar as that is possible, the necessary and sufficient conditions for the survival of persons. John Locke holds that personal identity is a matter of psychological continuity. He considered personal identity (or the self) to be founded on consciousness (viz. memory), and not on the substance of either the soul or the body. PMID:21694978
The challenges of editorship: a reflection on editing the Jung-Neumann correspondence.
Liebscher, Martin
2016-04-01
The complete correspondence between C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann was published in 2015. This article attempts to provide insight into the practical task, as well as the theoretical background, of the editing process. The advantages and possibilities of an unabridged edition with an extensive historical contextualization are demonstrated, and compared to the approach of the editors of the Jung Letters and their selection therein of Jung's letters to Neumann. The practical points under consideration include the establishment of the letter corpus, the ascertainment of dates and the chronological arrangement of the letter exchange, as well as the deciphering of handwritten letters. Theoretical aspects under discussion involve the question of the merits of a critical contextualisation and the position of the editor vis-à-vis the research object. The example of the selecting and editing of Jung's letters to Neumann by Aniela Jaffé and Gerhard Adler reveals how drastically the close ties of those editors with Jung, Neumann, and members of the Zurich analytical circles compromised their editorial work at times. The advantage for an editor being able to work from an historical distance is appreciated. PMID:27000692
Paulo Freire and the Politics of Education: A Response to Neumann
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Roberts, Peter
2016-01-01
Jacob Neumann provides a thoughtful reading of "Paulo Freire in the 21st century: Education, dialogue, and transformation" [v48 n6 p634-644 2016]. His comments on the importance of contextualising Freire's work and the value of openness in engaging Freirean ideas are insightful and helpful. His use of the term "apolitical" is,…
On stability of difference schemes for hyperbolic multipoint NBVP with Neumann conditions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yildirim, Ozgur; Uzun, Meltem
2016-08-01
In this work, a multipoint nonlocal boundary value problem (NBVP) for hyperbolic equations with Neumann conditions is considered. Third and fourth order of accuracy stable difference schemes for solving this problem are presented. Efficiency of these schemes are tested via MATLAB implementation.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
Dr. Wernher Von Braun (left) and Fred W. Kelley examine a ST-100 Stellar Instrument Platform in the astrionics lab. Dr. Von Braun, then deputy associate administrator for planning, NASA, was visiting on the anniversary of the establishment of the Marshall Space Flight Center.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1968-01-01
Dr. Wernher Von Braun, stands in front of a Saturn IB Launch Vehicle at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Dr. Von Braun was Marshall's first Center Director (1960-1970). Under his leadership Marshall was responsible for the development of the Saturn rockets, the Skylab project and getting the United States into Space and landing on the moon with the Apollo missions.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
2004-01-01
Dr. von Braun is looking out from a 10th floor window of building 4200 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). He was the first Center Director and served as the Director from July 1960 through February 1970. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under the Project Paperclip (American acquisition of German rocket experts) to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his German Rocket Team (also called the Peenemuende Team) were transferred from Ft. Bliss, Texas to Huntsville, Alabama to work for the Army's rocket program at Redstone Arsenal and later, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Under Dr. von Braun's leadership, MSFC developed the Saturn V launch vehicle, which placed the first men, two American astronauts, on the Moon. Wernher von Braun's life was dedicated to expanding man's knowledge through the exploration of space.
Foreword: Sir John Pendry FRS Sir John Pendry FRS
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Inglesfield, John; Echenique, Pedro
2008-07-01
John Pendry John Inglesfield and Pedro Echenique write: John Pendry's 65th birthday is on 4 July 2008, and this issue of the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter is dedicated to him, with articles by friends, colleagues, and former students. By any standards, John Pendry is a great scientist, who has made—and continues to make—an enormous contribution to physics; the wide range of his interests is reflected in the scope of these articles. Not many scientists can establish a completely new and unexpected area of research, but this has been John's achievement in the last few years in the field of metamaterials, materials whose electromagnetic properties depend on their structure rather than the materials of which the structure is built. In this way, structures with effectively negative electrical permittivity and negative magnetic permeability can be constructed, demonstrating negative refraction; through metamaterials scientists now have access to properties not found in nature, and never previously explored experimentally. Never a week goes by without a potential new application of metamaterials, whether it is perfect lensing, or the cloak of invisibility. This has certainly led to tremendous visibility for John himself, with guest lectures all over the world, and radio and television appearances. John Pendry's first paper was published exactly 40 years ago, 'Analytic properties of pseudopotentials' [1], and since then he has published 310 articles at the latest count. But this first paper already reflected something of the way John works. His PhD project, with Volker Heine at the Cavendish Laboratory, was to interpret the scattering of low energy electrons from surfaces, the technique of LEED which was to become the method of choice for determining surface structure. Although the energy of the electrons in LEED is relatively low—say 50 eV—it is much higher than the energy of the conduction electrons, for which pseudopotentials had been devised, and John
Boundary integral equation Neumann-to-Dirichlet map method for gratings in conical diffraction.
Wu, Yumao; Lu, Ya Yan
2011-06-01
Boundary integral equation methods for diffraction gratings are particularly suitable for gratings with complicated material interfaces but are difficult to implement due to the quasi-periodic Green's function and the singular integrals at the corners. In this paper, the boundary integral equation Neumann-to-Dirichlet map method for in-plane diffraction problems of gratings [Y. Wu and Y. Y. Lu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A26, 2444 (2009)] is extended to conical diffraction problems. The method uses boundary integral equations to calculate the so-called Neumann-to-Dirichlet maps for homogeneous subdomains of the grating, so that the quasi-periodic Green's functions can be avoided. Since wave field components are coupled on material interfaces with the involvement of tangential derivatives, a least squares polynomial approximation technique is developed to evaluate tangential derivatives along these interfaces for conical diffraction problems. Numerical examples indicate that the method performs equally well for dielectric or metallic gratings. PMID:21643404
A High-Order Direct Solver for Helmholtz Equations with Neumann Boundary Conditions
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Sun, Xian-He; Zhuang, Yu
1997-01-01
In this study, a compact finite-difference discretization is first developed for Helmholtz equations on rectangular domains. Special treatments are then introduced for Neumann and Neumann-Dirichlet boundary conditions to achieve accuracy and separability. Finally, a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) based technique is used to yield a fast direct solver. Analytical and experimental results show this newly proposed solver is comparable to the conventional second-order elliptic solver when accuracy is not a primary concern, and is significantly faster than that of the conventional solver if a highly accurate solution is required. In addition, this newly proposed fourth order Helmholtz solver is parallel in nature. It is readily available for parallel and distributed computers. The compact scheme introduced in this study is likely extendible for sixth-order accurate algorithms and for more general elliptic equations.
Multi-grid solution of Neumann pressure problem for viscous flows using primitive variables
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ghia, U.; Ghia, K. N.; Ramamurti, R.
1983-01-01
The multi-grid (MG) technique has been advanced for use with the Neumann boundary-value problem in clustered curvilinear orthogonal coordinates. This comprises an important step in the analysis of viscous flows using the velocity-pressure formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations. With successive over-relaxation (SOR) as the smoothing operator and with suitably formulated restriction and coarse-grid-correction operators, a 4-grid procedure enhances the efficiency of fine-grid solutions of the Neumann problem by a factor of 3 to 5, depending on the problem parameters. Thy influence of the smoothing operator is also examined by employing the alternating-direction implicit and the strongly implicit techniques instead of SOR.
Spin chain from membrane and the Neumann-Rosochatius integrable system
Bozhilov, P.
2007-11-15
We find membrane configurations in AdS{sub 4}xS{sup 7}, which correspond to the continuous limit of the SU(2) integrable spin chain, considered as a limit of the SU(3) spin chain, arising in N=4 SYM in four dimensions, dual to strings in AdS{sub 5}xS{sup 5}. We also discuss the relationship with the Neumann-Rosochatius integrable system at the level of Lagrangians, comparing the string and membrane cases.
Interview with John Taylor Gatto.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Becker, Ellen
1994-01-01
Introduces ex-teacher and author John Taylor Gatto's experiences and views on education, including contradictory patterns of family life and education in the United States, based on traditions of various immigrant groups; deleterious impacts of standardization and institutional usurpation of family functions; and conflict between the development…
John Rawls and Affirmative Action.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nagel, Thomas
2003-01-01
Discusses the philosophy of John Rawls, asserting that although Rawls never wrote about affirmative action, his ideas are relevant to the issue. Rawls concentrated on "ideal theory," which he believed was the theory of what constituted a truly just society. He considered slavery and racial segregation paradigms of injustice. His ideal theory of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kaminsky, James S.
2010-01-01
It is argued here that understanding John Dewey's thought as that of a prodigal liberal or a fellow traveller does not capture the complexity of his work. It is also important to recognise the portion of his work that is "historie morale." In the very best sense it is epic, encapsulating the hopes and dreams of a history of the American people in…
John Eliot in Recent Scholarship.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cogley, Richard W.
1990-01-01
Reviews the recent literature on John Eliot--seventeenth-century Massachusetts missionary, minister, and millenarian. Examines disagreements between Alden Vaughan's and Francis Jennings's interpretations of Eliot's missionary writings and Puritan-Indian relations. Discusses James Axtell's ethnohistorical interpretation of Eliot. Emphasizes the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Coy, Mary
2010-01-01
In their 2005 exhibit of John Biggers' work, the New Orleans Museum of Art described it as being inspired by "African art and culture, the injustices of a segregated United States, the stoic women in his own family, and the heroes of everyday survival." In this article, the author describes how her students reinterpreted Biggers' work. (Contains 1…
John Milton Oskison and Assimilation
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Larre, Lionel
2013-01-01
John Milton Oskison (1874-1947) was a Cherokee writer, journalist, and activist and the author of novels and biographies as well as numerous short stories, essays, and articles about a great variety of subjects. Oskison thought of himself as "an interpreter to the world, of the modern, progressive Indian." The kind of representation Oskison gave…
John Wilson on Moral Education.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McLaughlin, Terence H.; Halstead, J. Mark
2000-01-01
Describes the approach to moral education utilized by John Wilson focusing on his claims, arguments, and conclusions. Explores eight specific topics, such as his general perspective on moral education and the meaning and nature of moral. Reports on the areas of difficulty and criticism in relation to his approach. (CMK)
The Johns Hopkins Hospital Network
Tolchin, Stephen G.; Barta, Wendy; Harkness, Kenneth
1985-01-01
The Johns Hopkins Hospital has initiated an ambitious program to apply modern technologies to the development of a new, comprehensive clinical information system. One component of this system is a networking technology for supporting the integration of diverse and functionally distinct information systems. This paper discusses the selection of the networking technology implemented at JHH, issues and problems, networking concepts, protocols and reliability.
John James Audubon & the Turkey
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hinshaw, Craig
2012-01-01
In the first half of the 1800s, John James Audubon roamed the wilds of America attempting to draw all the birds in their natural habitat. He published his life-sized paintings in a huge book entitled "Birds of America." Audubon developed a unique system of depicting the birds in natural poses, such as flying. After shooting the bird, he would wire…
Symposium: John Dewey: Patron Saint?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
New York University Education Quarterly, 1979
1979-01-01
James E. Wheeler, Mortimer Smith, Walter Feinberg, and Christiana M. Smith comment on the work of John Dewey and its relevance to modern educators. They respectively judge Dewey as significant and enduring, anti-intellectual, biased, and ambiguous. (Editor/SJL)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harrison, John L.
1977-01-01
The work of John Wilson, now teaching at Oxford University, as moral educator is summarized and evaluated. His rationalist humanistic approach is based on a componential characterization of the morally educated person. The rationale and conceptual status of the components is discussed. His position is compared to that of Peter McPhail, R. S.…
John Milton: A Research Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Van Noate, Judith, Comp.
This handout is a guide to library resources in the J. Murrey Atkins Library at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte, for sources of criticism for the study of 17th-century British author John Milton. The guide is intended to help readers find critical and biographical information on Milton. It explains important reference sources in the…
John Couch Adams, the astronomer.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Foster, N.
1989-03-01
The planet Neptune was discovered more than 140 years ago. The circumstances of the discovery gave rise to great controversy, and very nearly led to an international incident between Britain and France, but this was only one of John Couch Adams' many contributions to astronomical science.
John Milton's Rainbow: Sonnet XIX.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Scher, Amy
John Milton presented a wide spectrum of materials and ideas illuminating the literary landscape like a rainbow which critics and authors have been discussing for centuries. One example of the multiple layers of meaning in Milton's poems is found in Sonnet XIX, which can be useful for both forensic discussion as well as for composition…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bergström, Lars; Botner, Olga; Carlson, Per; Hulth, Per Olof; Ohlsson, Tommy
2005-01-01
John Norris Bahcall, passed away on August 17, 2005, in NewYork City, USA. He was born on December 30, 1934, in Shreveport, Louisiana, USA. He was Richard Black Professor of Astrophysics in the School of Natural Sciences at the Institute forAdvanced Study (IAS) in Princeton, New Jersey, USA and a recipient of the National Medal of Science. In addition, he was President of the American Astronomical Society, President-Elect of the American Physical Society, and a prominent leader of the astrophysics community. John had a long and prolific career in astronomy and astrophysics, spanning five decades and the publication of more than five hundred technical articles, books, and popular papers. John's most recognized scientific contribution was the novel proposal in 1964, together with Raymond Davis Jr, that scientific mysteries of our Sun `how it shines, how old it is, how hot it is' could be examined by measuring the number of neutrinos arriving on Earth from the Sun. Measuring the properties of these neutrinos tests both our understanding of how stars shine and our understanding of fundamental particle physics. However, in the 1960s and 1970s, the observations by Raymond Davis Jr showed a clear discrepancy between John's theoretical predictions, based on standard solar and particle physics models, and what was experimentally measured. This discrepancy, known as the `Solar Neutrino Problem', was examined by hundreds of physicists, chemists, and astronomers over the subsequent three decades. In the late 1990s through 2002, new large-scale neutrino experiments in Japan, Canada, Italy, and Russia culminated in the conclusion that the discrepancy between John's theoretical predictions and the experimental results required a modification of our understanding of particle physics: neutrinos must have a mass and `oscillate' among different particle states. In addition to neutrino astrophysics, John contributed to many areas of astrophysics including the study of dark matter in
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mejri, Youssef
2016-06-01
In this article, we study the boundary inverse problem of determining the aligned magnetic field appearing in the magnetic Schrödinger equation in a periodic quantum cylindrical waveguide, by knowledge of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map. We prove a Hölder stability estimate with respect to the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map, by means of the geometrical optics solutions of the magnetic Schrödinger equation.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
Dr. Wernher Von Braun (right), Deputy Associate Administrator for planning, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, inspects the mockup of the Saturn Workshop during a visit marking the 10th anniversary of the Marshall Center. Shown with Dr. Von Braun, from left to right, are Karl Heimburg, Director of the astronautics lab; Herman K. Weidner, Director of Science and Engineering, and George Hardy of the Astronautics lab.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
Dr. Wernher Von Braun (right), Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, inspects the mockup of the Saturn Workshop during a visit marking the 10th anniversary of the Marshall Center. Shown with Dr. Von Braun, from left to right, are Karl Heimburg, Director of the Astronautics Lab; Herman K. Weidner, Director of Science and Engineering, and George Hardy of the Astronautics Lab.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Jinbing
2016-03-01
From the bidirectional Lenard gradients, the negative-order Harry Dym (nHD) hierarchy is retrieved and further embedded into a bi-Hamiltonian structure displaying integrability. It follows from Neumann type integrable reduction that the nHD hierarchy is reduced to a family of backward Neumann type systems, which separate the temporal and spatial variables on the tangent bundle of an ellipsoid. Backward Neumann type systems are then proved to be completely integrable in the Liouville sense. From the commutativity of backward Neumann type flows, the relation between the nHD hierarchy and backward Neumann type systems is specified, where the involutive solutions of backward Neumann type systems yield the finite parametric solutions of the nHD hierarchy. Moreover, we propose the concept of a negative-order Novikov equation that cuts out a finite-dimensional invariant subspace for a negative-order integrable system, which paves an alternative way to obtain explicit solutions of negative-order integrable nonlinear evolution equations.
Löwe, Angelica
2015-06-01
In the light of recently-published correspondence between Jung and Neumann, this paper considers and connects two aspects of their relationship: Jung's theory of an ethno-specific differentiation of the unconscious as formulated in 1934, and the relationship between Jung and Neumann at the beginning of the Holocaust in 1938-with Jung as the wise old man and a father figure on one hand, and Neumann as the apprentice and dependent son on the other. In examining these two issues, a detailed interpretation of four letters, two by Neumann and two by Jung, written in 1938 and 1939, is given. Neumann's reflections on the collective Jewish determination in the face of the November pogroms in 1938 led Jung to modify his view, with relativization and secularization of his former position. This shift precipitated a deep crisis with feelings of disorientation and desertion in Neumann; the paper discusses how a negative father complex was then constellated and imaged in a dream. After years of silence, the two men were able to renew the deep bonds that characterized their lifelong friendship. PMID:25989328
John Glenn: Chosen To Cross The Threshold
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1963-01-01
John Glenn in training. From film to tape transfer of the film 'Friendship 7 - John Glenn' Depicts the historical orbital flight of John Glenn aboard 'Friendship 7', launched on February 20, 1962. Footage of staff at tracking stations worldwide and at Goddard Space Flight Center. Launch from cape canaveral. Flight tracking, re-entry, landing and recovery of Friendship 7.
Foreword: Sir John Pendry FRS Sir John Pendry FRS
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Inglesfield, John; Echenique, Pedro
2008-07-01
John Pendry John Inglesfield and Pedro Echenique write: John Pendry's 65th birthday is on 4 July 2008, and this issue of the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter is dedicated to him, with articles by friends, colleagues, and former students. By any standards, John Pendry is a great scientist, who has made—and continues to make—an enormous contribution to physics; the wide range of his interests is reflected in the scope of these articles. Not many scientists can establish a completely new and unexpected area of research, but this has been John's achievement in the last few years in the field of metamaterials, materials whose electromagnetic properties depend on their structure rather than the materials of which the structure is built. In this way, structures with effectively negative electrical permittivity and negative magnetic permeability can be constructed, demonstrating negative refraction; through metamaterials scientists now have access to properties not found in nature, and never previously explored experimentally. Never a week goes by without a potential new application of metamaterials, whether it is perfect lensing, or the cloak of invisibility. This has certainly led to tremendous visibility for John himself, with guest lectures all over the world, and radio and television appearances. John Pendry's first paper was published exactly 40 years ago, 'Analytic properties of pseudopotentials' [1], and since then he has published 310 articles at the latest count. But this first paper already reflected something of the way John works. His PhD project, with Volker Heine at the Cavendish Laboratory, was to interpret the scattering of low energy electrons from surfaces, the technique of LEED which was to become the method of choice for determining surface structure. Although the energy of the electrons in LEED is relatively low—say 50 eV—it is much higher than the energy of the conduction electrons, for which pseudopotentials had been devised, and John
Losinger, Willard C
2006-08-01
An examination of the economic impacts of reduced milk production associated with Johne's disease on Johne's-positive and Johne's-negative dairy operations indicated that, if Johne's disease had not existed in US dairy cows in 1996, then the economic surplus of Johne's-negative operations would have been $600 million+/-$530 million lower, while the economic surplus of Johne's-positive operations would have been higher by $28 million+/-$79 million, which was not significantly different from zero. The data available for projecting changes in surplus were not sufficiently precise to allow an exact statement on whether Johne's-positive operations would have been better or worse off economically, in terms of the value received for producing more milk if they had not been affected by Johne's disease. The changes in producer surplus, based upon eliminating specific epidemiological risk factors for Johne's disease, were disaggregated between Johne's-positive dairy operations exposed to the risk factor and all other US dairy operations. Eliminating the risk factor of having any cows not born on the operation would have had a significant positive effect on the economic surplus of Johne's-positive operations that had any cows not born on the operation. PMID:16827950
John Glenn: Enters Friendship 7 to Prepare for Launch
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1963-01-01
John glenn entering the capsule prior to the launch of Friendship 7 From: The John Glenn Story: Summary of astronaut John Glenn's flying career, from naval aviation training to space flight. The Mercury project is featured as John Glenn flies the Friendship 7 spacecraft. President John F. Kennedy presents the NASA Distinguished service Medal to Astronaut John Glenn.
John Glenn: Post-Flight Recovery of Friendship 7
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1963-01-01
Mini Biography of John Glenn, as it was up to 1962. From: The John Glenn Story: Summary of astronaut John Glenn's flying career, from naval aviation training to space flight. The Mercury project is featured as John Glenn flies the Friendship 7 spacecraft. President John F. Kennedy presents the NASA Distinguished service Medal to Astronaut John Glenn.
John Glenn: Presented with NASA Distinguished Service Medal
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1963-01-01
John Glenn tours with his family, meets JFK and is presented with the NASA distinguished Service Medal. From: The John Glenn Story: Summary of astronaut John Glenn's flying career, from naval aviation training to space flight. The Mercury project is featured as John Glenn flies the Friendship 7 spacecraft. President John F. Kennedy presents the NASA Distinguished service Medal to Astronaut John Glenn.
Thiesen, Wilfred
2008-07-01
John Dastin, a noted alchemist who lived ca. 1300, followed the lead of many of his contemporaries and predecessors in using letters to propagate his views on alchemy. This article identifies a number of letters that Dastin wrote, and includes one text addressed to a cardinal of the city of Naples. This letter is virtually a copy of a work by Arnold of Villanova. I believe that other works ascribed to Dastin will also show a great dependence on Arnold's works. PMID:19048973
Charles Darwin and John Herschel
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Warner, B.
2009-11-01
The influence of John Herschel on the philosophical thoughts of Charles Darwin, both through the former's book, Natural Philosophy, and through their meeting in 1836 at the Cape of Good Hope, is discussed. With Herschel having himself speculated on evolution just a few months before he met Darwin, it is probable that he stimulated at least the beginnings of the latter's lifelong work on the subject.
John Glenn Biomedical Engineering Consortium
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Nall, Marsha
2004-01-01
The John Glenn Biomedical Engineering Consortium is an inter-institutional research and technology development, beginning with ten projects in FY02 that are aimed at applying GRC expertise in fluid physics and sensor development with local biomedical expertise to mitigate the risks of space flight on the health, safety, and performance of astronauts. It is anticipated that several new technologies will be developed that are applicable to both medical needs in space and on earth.
Yu, Fang; Wang, Lin; Watmough, James
2016-12-01
In many existing predator-prey or plant-herbivore models, the numerical response is assumed to be proportional to the functional response. In this paper, without such an assumption, we consider a diffusive plant-herbivore system with Neumann boundary conditions. Besides stability of spatially homogeneous steady states, we also derive conditions for the occurrence of Hopf bifurcation and steady-state bifurcation and provide geometrical methods to locate the bifurcation values. We numerically explore the complex transient spatio-temporal behaviours induced by these bifurcations. A large variety of different types of transient behaviours including oscillations in one or both of space and time are observed. PMID:27572052
A forced fractional Schrödinger equation with a Neumann boundary condition
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Esquivel, L.; Kaikina, Elena I.
2016-07-01
We study the initial-boundary value problem for the nonlinear fractional Schrödinger equation {ut+i(uxx+12π∫0∞sign(x‑y)|x‑y|12uy( y)dy)+i|u|2u=0, t>0, x>0u(x,0)=u0(x), x>0,ux(0,t)=h(t), t>0. We prove the global-in-time existence of solutions for a nonlinear fractional Schrödinger equation with inhomogeneous Neumann boundary conditions. We are also interested in the study of the asymptotic behaviour of the solutions.
Von Willebrand factor and von Willebrand disease.
Budde, U; Schneppenheim, R
2001-12-01
von Willebrand disease (vWD) is caused by quantitative and/or qualitative defects of the von Willebrand factor (vWF), a multimeric high molecular weight glycoprotein. Typically, it affects the primary hemostatic system, which results in a mucocutaneous bleeding tendency simulating a platelet function defect. The vWF promotes its function in two ways: (i) by initiating platelet adhesion to the injured vessel wall under conditions of high shear forces, and (ii) by its carrier function for factor VIII in plasma. Accumulating knowledge of the different clinical phenotypes and the pathophysiological basis of the disease translated into a classification that differentiated between quantitative and qualitative defects by means of quantitative and functional parameters, and by analyzing the electrophoretic pattern of vWF multimers. The advent of molecular techniques provided the opportunity for conducting genotype-phenotype studies which have recently helped, not only to elucidate or confirm important functions of vWF and its steps in post-translational processing, but also many disease causing defects. Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (avWS) has gained more attention during the recent years. An international registry was published and recommendation by the Scientific and Standardization Committee of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis in 2000. It concluded that avWS, although not a frequent disease, is nevertheless probably underdiagnosed. This should be addressed in future prospective studies. The aim of treatment is the correction of the impaired hemostatic system of the patient, ideally including the defects of both primary and secondary hemostasis. Desmopressin is the treatment of choice in about 70% of patients, mostly with type 1, while the others merit treatment with concentrates containing vWF. PMID:11844133
[Acquired von Willebrand syndrome].
Franchini, Massimo
2006-01-01
Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (aVWS) is a rare, but probably underestimated, bleeding disorder that mimics the congenital form of von Willebrand disease (VWD) in terms of laboratory findings and clinical presentation. However, unlike congenital VWD, it arises in individuals with no personal or family history of bleeding. AVWS occurs in association with a variety of underlying disorders, including lymphoproliferative disorders, myeloproliferative disorders and cardiovascular diseases. The main pathogenic, clinical, laboratory and therapeutic aspects of this syndrome are concisely reported in this review. PMID:16913181
Neumann type integrable reduction for nonlinear evolution equations in 1+1 and 2+1 dimensions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Jinbing
2009-12-01
A family of new Neumann type systems is given in view of the nonlinearization technique, realizing the variable separation of the modified Jaulent-Miodek hierarchy and a new coupled modified Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation on the symplectic submanifold TSN -1. By two Casimir functions and a special solution of the Lenard eigenvalue equation, we deduce the Lax-Moser matrix of the Neumann type systems that yields integrals of motion and the constrained Hamiltonians whose vector fields are tangent to TSN -1. Based on the Dirac-Poisson bracket and a Lax equation on TSN -1, a new systematic way is proposed to prove the Liouville integrability of a family of Neumann type systems synchronously. The Dirac-Poisson bracket and the generating function are used to reveal the explicit relation between infinite dimensional integrable systems and Neumann type systems, and then we point out that compatible solutions of Neumann type systems yield the finite parametric solutions of 1+1 and 2+1 dimensional integrable nonlinear evolution equations and the finite-gap solutions of the Novikov equation.
John Bardeen: an extraordinary physicist
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hoddeson, Lillian
2008-04-01
On the morning of 1 November 1956 the US physicist John Bardeen dropped the frying-pan of eggs that he was cooking for breakfast, scattering its contents on the kitchen floor. He had just heard that he had won the Nobel Prize for Physics along with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for their invention of the transistor. That evening Bardeen was startled again, this time by a parade of his colleagues from the University of Illinois marching to the door of his home bearing champagne and singing "For He's a Jolly Good Fellow".
Emery, A E
1988-01-01
There is no doubt that John Dalton ranks among the great names in science, a position which rests on his enunciation of the Atomic Theory. However, his very first scientific paper in 1798 was concerned with his own affliction of colour blindness and was in fact the first clear description of the disorder. This publication stimulated much subsequent research into the pathophysiology and genetics of the condition. His recorded observations on colour blindness are detailed and precise and betoken the approach which was to characterise all his later research in chemistry. Images PMID:3294412
A novel hybrid Neumann expansion method for stochastic analysis of mistuned bladed discs
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yuan, Jie; Allegri, Giuliano; Scarpa, Fabrizio; Patsias, Sophoclis; Rajasekaran, Ramesh
2016-05-01
The paper presents a novel hybrid method to enhance the computational efficiency of matrix inversions during the stochastic analysis of mistuned bladed disc systems. The method is based on the use of stochastic Neumann expansion in the frequency domain, coupled with a matrix factorization in the neighbourhood of the resonant frequencies. The number of the expansion terms is used as an indicator to select the matrix inversion technique to be used, without introducing any additional computational cost. The proposed method is validated using two case studies, where the dynamics an aero-engine bladed disc is modelled first using a lumped parameter approach and then with high-fidelity finite element analysis. The frequency responses of the blades are evaluated according to different mistuning patterns via stiffness or mass perturbations under the excitation provided by the engine orders. Results from standard matrix factorization methods are used to benchmark the responses obtained from the proposed hybrid method. Unlike classic Neumann expansion methods, the new technique can effectively update the inversion of an uncertain matrix with no convergence problems during Monte Carlo simulations. The novel hybrid method is more computationally efficient than standard techniques, with no accuracy loss.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
A camerman catches Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, his son, Peter, and daughter, Martgrit, as they arrive at the employee picnic held to celebrate man's first landing on the moon 6 days earlier. In the foreground is David R. Newby, Director of Administration and Technical Services at the Marshall Space Flight Center.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
Shown viewing the Apollo telescope mockup are, from left to right, Charles Donlan, deputy associate administrator for manned space flight; Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Marshall Space Flight Center director; William Horton, astrionics lab; Dr. Thomas Paine, NASA deputy administrator; Warner Kuers, director of the ME lab.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
Marshall Space Flight Center director Wernher Von Braun and his family were honored with a series of events prior to his relocation to Washington, D.C. where he was assigned duties at NASA headquarters as deputy associate administrator for planning. Here he is shown with General Richard Drury and Hazel Toftoy, widow of General H.N. Toftoy.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1968-01-01
Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, explains the purpose of a thermal curtain in the mockup of a Saturn I workshop to U.S. Representative Armistead Seldon of Alabama. The Congressman visited the Marshall Center on March 2, 1968 to tour the workshop and to visit Marshall Center facilities.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1968-01-01
U.S. Representative Armistead Seldon (D.-Al) inspects the food preparation area of the Saturn I workshop mockup during a visit to the Marshall Space Flight Center. Explaining the operation of the food preparation area to the congressman is Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Marshall Space Flight Center director.
Analytik von Lebensmittelallergenen
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Demmel, Anja; Hahn, Alexandra
Ansonsten harmlose Lebensmittel oder deren Bestandteile können bei von Lebensmittelallergien betroffenen Personen Überempfindlichkeitsreaktionen auslösen. Hierbei kann es sich um immunvermittelte Lebensmittelallergien oder um Intoleranzen gegenüber bestimmten Lebensmittelbestandteilen handeln. Ein Beispiel für Letzteres ist die Laktoseintoleranz, welche durch einen Enzymdefekt hervorgerufen wird [1]. Im Gegensatz hierzu handelt es sich bei Lebensmittelallergien um Sofortreaktionen, die durch IgE-Antikörper gegen Antigene aus den Lebensmitteln hervorgerufen werden und zu verschiedenen körperlichen Beschwerden führen können. Bei den Antigenen, welche von den von Allergikern produzierten IgE-Antikörpern erkannt werden, handelt es sich vor allem um Proteine [2]. Symptome IgE-vermittelter Reaktionen können zum Beispiel Hautausschlag, eine Schwellung der Schleimhäute oder das sogenannte orale Allergiesyndrom mit allergischen Reaktionen an der Mundschleimhaut und im Magen-Darm-Trakt sein [3]. Die hierbei auftretenden Beschwerden reichen von einem Brennen im Mund und einer Schwellung der Lippen und der Zunge bis zu Atemnot verursachenden Schwellungen im Kehlkopfbereich. In besonders schlimmen Fällen können allergische Reaktionen zu einem anaphylaktischen Schock und zum Tod durch Kreislaufversagen führen [4]. Während klassische Nahrungsallergene häufig komplexe Reaktionen zur Folge haben, ist bei Pollen-assoziierten Nahrungsmittelallergien das orale Allergiesyndrom vorherrschend.
Acquired von Willebrand disease.
Petrini, P
1999-05-01
Acquired von Willebrand disease (AvWD) is a syndrome that has clinical and laboratory features similar to hereditary vWD. In contrast to the latter it occurs in patients without a family history of previous bleeding tendency. PMID:23401904
John Greenleaf's life of science.
Watenpaugh, Donald E
2012-12-01
This article summarizes the life and career of John E. Greenleaf, PhD. It complements an interview of Dr. Greenleaf sponsored by the American Physiological Society Living History Project found on the American Physiological Society website. Dr. Greenleaf is a "thought leader" and internationally renowned physiologist, with extensive contributions in human systems-level environmental physiology. He avoided self-aggrandizement and believed that deeds rather than words define one's legacy. Viewed another way, however, Greenleaf's words define his deeds: 48% of his 185 articles are first author works, which is an unusually high proportion for a scientist of his stature. He found that writing a thorough and thoughtful discussion section often led to novel ideas that drove future research. Beyond Greenleaf's words are the many students, postdocs, and collaborators lucky enough to have worked with him and thus learn and carry on his ways of science. His core principles included the following: avoid research "fads," embrace diversity, be the first subject in your own research, adhere to rules of fiscal responsibility, and respect administrative forces-but never back down from them when you know you are right. Greenleaf's integrity ensured he was usually right. He thrived on the axiom of many successful scientists: avoid falling in love with hypotheses, so that when unexpected findings appear, they arouse curiosity instead of fear. Dr. Greenleaf's legacy will include the John and Carol Greenleaf Award for prolific environmental and exercise-related publication in the Journal of Applied Physiology. PMID:23209002
John Bardeen and transistor physics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Huff, Howard R.
2001-01-01
John Bardeen and Walter Brattain invented the point-contact semiconductor amplifier (transistor action) in polycrystalline germanium (also observed in polycrystalline silicon) on Dec. 15, 1947, for which they received a patent on Oct. 3, 1950. Bill Shockley was not a co-patent holder on Bardeen and Brattain's point-contact semiconductor amplifier patent since Julius Lilienfeld had already received a patent in 1930 for what would have been Shockley's contribution; namely, the field-effect methodology. Shockley received patents for both his minority-carrier injection concept and junction transistor theory, however, and deservedly shared the Nobel prize with Bardeen and Brattain for his seminal contributions of injection, p-n junction theory and junction transistor theory. We will review the events leading up to the invention of Bardeen and Brattain's point-contact semiconductor amplifier during the magic month of November 17-December 16, 1947 and the invention of Shockley's junction semiconductor amplifier during his magic month of December 24, 1947-January 23, 1948. It was during the course of Bardeen and Brattain's research in November, 1947 that Bardeen also patented the essence of the MOS transistor, wherein the induced minority carriers were confined to the inversion layer enroute to the collector. C. T. Sah has described this device as a sourceless MOS transistor. Indeed, John Bardeen, co-inventor of the point-contact semiconductor amplifier and inventor of the MOS transistor, may rightly be called the father of modern electronics.
John Herschel and astronomy: a bicentennial appraisal.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hoskin, M. A.
An assessment is given of John Herschel's overall contributions to nineteenth century astronomy. John Herschel built on his pioneering father William Herschel's foundations, with revisions and extensions to the southern hemisphere. His work, incorporated into his general treatises on astronomy, had a major influence on the direction of astronomical progress.
John Herschel: Britain's first modern physical scientist.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Crowe, M. J.
The author presents a sketch of the life and contributions to science of Sir John F. W. Herschel (1792 - 1871). One of the theses he develops is that John Herschel can meaningfully be described as Britain's first modern physical scientist. In addition to developing this thesis, the author makes some remarks about lesser known aspects of Herschel's life.
Symposium on John Dewey's "Art as Experience."
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Burnett, Joe R.; And Others
1989-01-01
Reports on a symposium about John Dewey's philosophy of art. John Fisher, Richard Shusterman, and Joe R. Burnett state their views on Dewey's contributions to art theory and aesthetics citing Dewey's work, "Art As Experience." The consensus was that although Dewey's opinions are dated, his pragmatist's views offer the opportunity for further study…
Solving: The Case of John, Part I
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Drell, Martin J.; Josephson, Allan; Pleak, Richard; Riggs, Paula; Rosenfeld, Alvin
2006-01-01
In this article, one of the authors was called to see an 18-year old boy named John, who had done poorly during his first year at college and was depressed. His parents feared that their son may be suicidal, a concern heightened by the recent news that one of their son's friends had committed suicide. Here, he interviews John about his…
75 FR 49497 - John Bonnes: Debarment Order
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2010-08-13
... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration John Bonnes: Debarment Order AGENCY: Food and Drug... the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) debarring John Bonnes for a period of 5 years from... the act, under authority delegated to the Director (Staff Manual Guide 1410.35), finds that Mr....
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kirker, Sara Schmickle
2008-01-01
One contemporary artist that kindergarten students can easily relate to is Jasper Johns. In this article, the author discusses how she introduced John's numeric and alphabetic paintings to her kindergarten students. The young artists were amazed that art can be created from the familiar symbols that they are learning to make in their regular…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Turner, Grenville
John Reynolds, AGU Fellow since 1968 and a member of the Volcanology Geochemistry and Petrology section since 1961, died unexpectedly on November 4, 2000. John was a professor emeritus of physics at the University of California, Berkeley and a pioneer in the development and application of noble gas mass spectrometry He was recovering from pneumonia when he suffered a pulmonary embolism.
John Kotter on Leadership, Management and Change.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bencivenga, Jim
2002-01-01
Excerpts from interview with John Kotter, Konosuke Matsushita Professor of Leadership at the Harvard Business School, about his thoughts on the role of the superintendent as leader and manager. Describes his recent book "John P. Kotter on What Leaders Really Do," 1999. Lists eight-step change process from his book "Leading Change," 1996. (PKP)
Struggle for the Soul: John Lawrence Childs
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stallones, Jared
2010-01-01
John Lawrence Childs was born in Eau Claire, Wisconsin on January 11, 1889, the second child of John Nelson Childs and Helen Janette (Nettie) Smith. In childhood Childs absorbed the values of industry, democracy, and a traditional, but socially conscious, religion. Childs was a Methodist and an intensely private person not given to talking about…
John Henry--The Steel Driving Man
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Murphy, David E.; Gulley, Laura L.
2005-01-01
The story of John Henry provided the setting for sixth-grade class to participate in a John Henry Day of mathematics experiments. The students collected data from experiments where students competed against machines and technology. The student analyzed the data by comparing two box plots, a box plot of human data, and a box plot of machine or…
John Bahcall and the Solar Neutrino Problem
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bahcall, Neta
2016-03-01
``I feel like dancing'', cheered John Bahcall upon hearing the exciting news from the SNO experiment in 2001. The results confirmed, with remarkable accuracy, John's 40-year effort to predict the rate of neutrinos from the Sun based on sophisticated Solar models. What began in 1962 by John Bahcall and Ray Davis as a pioneering project to test and confirm how the Sun shines, quickly turned into a four-decade-long mystery of the `Solar Neutrino Problem': John's models predicted a higher rate of neutrinos than detected by Davis and follow-up experiments. Was the theory of the Sun wrong? Were John's calculations in error? Were the neutrino experiments wrong? John worked tirelessly to understand the physics behind the Solar Neutrino Problem; he led the efforts to greatly increase the accurately of the solar model, to understand its seismology and neutrino fluxes, to use the neutrino fluxes as a test for new physics, and to advocate for important new experiments. It slowly became clear that none of the then discussed possibilities --- error in the Solar model or neutrino experiments --- was the culprit. The SNO results revealed that John's calculations, and hence the theory of the Solar model, have been correct all along. Comparison of the data with John's theory demanded new physics --- neutrino oscillations. The Solar Neutrino saga is one of the most amazing scientific stories of the century: exploring a simple question of `How the Sun Shines?' led to the discovery of new physics. John's theoretical calculations are an integral part of this journey; they provide the foundation for the Solar Neutrino Problem, for confirming how the Sun shines, and for the need of neutrino oscillations. His tenacious persistence, dedication, enthusiasm and love for the project, and his leadership and advocacy of neutrino physics over many decades are a remarkable story of scientific triumph. I know John is smiling today.
Modeling photonic crystals by boundary integral equations and Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps
Yuan Jianhua; Lu Yayan Antoine, Xavier
2008-04-20
Efficient numerical methods for analyzing photonic crystals (PhCs) can be developed using the Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DtN) maps of the unit cells. The DtN map is an operator that takes the wave field on the boundary of a unit cell to its normal derivative. In frequency domain calculations for band structures and transmission spectra of finite PhCs, the DtN maps allow us to reduce the computation to the boundaries of the unit cells. For two-dimensional (2D) PhCs with unit cells containing circular cylinders, the DtN maps can be constructed from analytic solutions (the cylindrical waves). In this paper, we develop a boundary integral equation method for computing DtN maps of general unit cells containing cylinders with arbitrary cross sections. The DtN map method is used to analyze band structures for 2D PhCs with elliptic and other cylinders.
The KdV equation on the half-line: the Dirichlet to Neumann map
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
>Jonatan Lenells,
2013-08-01
We consider initial-boundary value problems for the KdV equation ut + ux + 6uux + uxxx = 0 on the half-line x ⩾ 0. For a well-posed problem, the initial data u(x, 0) as well as one of the three boundary values {u(0, t), ux(0, t), uxx(0, t)} can be prescribed; the other two boundary values remain unknown. We provide a characterization of the unknown boundary values for the Dirichlet as well as the two Neumann problems in terms of a system of nonlinear integral equations. The characterizations are effective in the sense that the integral equations can be solved perturbatively to all orders in a well-defined recursive scheme.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Esmaili Sikarudi, M. A.; Nikseresht, A. H.
2016-01-01
Smoothed particle hydrodynamics is a robust Lagrangian particle method which is widely used in various applications, from astrophysics to hydrodynamics and heat conduction. It has intrinsic capabilities for simulating large deformation, composites, multiphysics events, and multiphase fluid flows. It is vital to use reliable boundary conditions when boundary value problems like heat conduction or Poisson equation for incompressible flows are solved. Since smoothed particle hydrodynamics is not a boundary fitted grids method, implementation of boundary conditions can be problematic. Many methods have been proposed for enhancing the accuracy of implementation of boundary conditions. In the present study a new approach for facilitating the implementation of Robin and Neumann boundary conditions is proposed and proven to give accurate results. Also there is no need to use complicated preprocessing as in virtual particle method. The new method is compared to an equivalent one dimensional moving least square scheme and it is shown that the present method is less sensitive to particle disorder.
Computing Photonic Crystal Defect Modes by Dirichlet-to-Neumann Maps.
Li, Shaojie; Lu, Ya Yan
2007-10-29
We develop an efficient numerical method for computing defect modes in two dimensional photonic crystals based on the Dirichletto- Neumann (DtN) maps of the defect and normal unit cells. The DtN map of a unit cell is an operator that maps the wave field on the boundary of the cell to its normal derivative. The frequencies of the defect modes are solved from a condition that a small matrix is singular. The size of the matrix is related to the number of points used to discretize the boundary of the defect cell. The matrix is obtained by solving a linear system involving only discrete points on the edges of the unit cells in a truncated domain. PMID:19550723
Photocopy of photograph (from Mrs. Martin, grandniece of John French, ...
Photocopy of photograph (from Mrs. Martin, grandniece of John French, Clinton, Missouri) Circa 1900, photographer unknown JOHN AND ALMIRA FRENCH IN FRONT OF WEST AND SOUTH FACADES - John French Farm, South Grand River, Deepwater, Henry County, MO
Goodeve, Anne C.
2013-01-01
von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a common inherited bleeding disorder characterized by excessive mucocutaneous bleeding. Characteristic bleeding symptoms include epistaxis, easy bruising, oral cavity bleeding, menorrhagia, bleeding after dental extraction, surgery and/or childbirth and in severe cases, bleeding into joints and soft tissues. There are three subtypes: types 1 and 3 represent quantitative variants and type 2 is a group of four qualitative variants: 1) type 2A - characterized by defective von Willebrand factor (VWF) -dependent platelet adhesion because of decreased high molecular weight (HMW) VWF multimers, 2) type 2B - caused by pathologically increased VWF-platelet interactions, 3) type 2M - caused by decreased VWF-platelet interactions not based on the loss of HMW multimers and 4) type 2N - characterized by abnormal binding of VWF to FVIII. The diagnosis of VWD requires specialized assays of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and/or molecular genetic testing of VWF. Severe bleeding episodes can be prevented or controlled with intravenous infusions of virally-inactivated plasma-derived clotting factor concentrates containing both VWF and FVIII. Depending on the VWD type, mild bleeding episodes usually respond to intravenous or subcutaneous treatment with desmopressin, a vasopressin analog. Other treatments that can reduce symptoms include fibrinolytic inhibitors and hormones for menorrhagia. PMID:21289515
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Skeem, Jennifer L.; Cooke, David J.
2010-01-01
In our article (J. L. Skeem & D. J. Cooke, 2010), we outlined the dangers inherent in conflating the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; R. Hare, 1991) with psychopathy itself. In their response, R. Hare and C. Neumann (2010) seemed to agree with key points that the PCL-R should not be confused with psychopathy and that criminal behavior is not…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Jinbing
2010-08-01
Each soliton equation in the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) hierarchy, the 2+1 dimensional breaking soliton equation, and the 2+1 dimensional Caudrey-Dodd-Gibbon-Kotera-Sawada (CDGKS) equation are reduced to two or three Neumann systems on the tangent bundle TSN -1 of the unit sphere SN -1. The Lax-Moser matrix for the Neumann systems of degree N -1 is deduced in view of the Mckean-Trubowitz identity and a bilinear generating function, whose favorite characteristic accounts for the problem of the genus of Riemann surface matching to the number of elliptic variables. From the Lax-Moser matrix, the constrained Hamiltonians in the sense of Dirac-Poisson bracket for all the Neumann systems are written down in a uniform recursively determined by integrals of motion. The involution of integrals of motion and constrained Hamiltonians is completed on TSN -1 by using a Lax equation and their functional independence is displayed over a dense open subset of TSN -1 by a direct calculation, which contribute to the Liouville integrability of a family of Neumann systems in a new systematical way. We also construct the hyperelliptic curve of Riemann surface and the Abel map straightening out the restricted Neumann flows that naturally leads to the Jacobi inversion problem on the Jacobian with the aid of the holomorphic differentials, from which some finite-gap solutions expressed by Riemann theta functions for the 2+1 dimensional breaking soliton equation, the 2+1 dimensional CDGKS equation, the KdV, and the fifth-order KdV equations are presented by means of the Riemann theorem.
9. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July ...
9. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July 9, 1952 SOUTHWEST PERSPECTIVE. - St. John's Episcopal Mission, Chapel & Rectory, Fort Bennett Vicinity, Green Grass, Dewey County, SD
1. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July ...
1. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July 9, 1952 SOUTHEAST PERSPECTIVE. - St. John's Episcopal Mission, Chapel & Rectory, Fort Bennett Vicinity, Green Grass, Dewey County, SD
11. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July ...
11. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July 9, 1952 CHAPEL INTERIOR. - St. John's Episcopal Mission, Chapel & Rectory, Fort Bennett Vicinity, Green Grass, Dewey County, SD
An Alternative to Von Glasersfeld's Subjectivism in Science Education: Deweyan Social Constructivism
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Garrison, Jim
An influential view of constructivism in science and mathematics educational research and practice is that of Ernst von Glasersfeld. It is a peculiarly subjectivist form of constructivism that should not be attractive to science and mathematics educators concerned with retaining some sort of realism that leaves room for objectivity. The subjectivist constructivism of von Glasersfeld also becomes entangled in untenable mind/body and subject/object dualisms. Finally, these dualisms are unnecessary for social constructivism. I will provide one example of a social constructivist alternative to social constructivism, that of the pragmatic philosopher John Dewey. In presenting Dewey's position I will appeal to Ockham's razor, that is, the admonition not to multiply entities beyond necessity, to shave off the needless mentalistic and psychic entities that lead von Glasersfeld into his subjectivism and dualism.
Medicine in John Locke's philosophy.
Sanchez-Gonzalez, M A
1990-12-01
John Locke's philosophy was deeply affected by medicine of his times. It was specially influenced by the medical thought and practice of Thomas Sydenham. Locke was a personal friend of Sydenham, expressed an avid interest in his work and shared his views and methods. The influence of Sydenham's medicine can be seen in the following areas of Locke's philosophy: his "plain historical method"; the emphasis on observation and sensory experience instead of seeking the essence of things; the rejection of hypotheses and principles; the refusal of research into final causes and inner mechanisms; the ideal of irrefutable evidence and skepticism on the possibilities of certainty in science. The science which for Locke held the highest paradigmatic value in his theory of knowledge was precisely medicine. To a great extent, Locke's Essay on Human Understanding can be understood as an attempt to justify, substantiate, and promote Sydenham's medical method. This method, generalized, was then proposed as an instrument for the elaboration of all natural sciences. PMID:2290077
John Keats: poet, patient, physician.
Smith, H
1984-01-01
John Keats, son of an ostler , was born in London in 1795. Despite an early interest in literature he was, surprisingly, apprenticed to an apothecary and continued his medical training at Guy's Hospital, obtaining the Licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries in 1816. He never practiced medicine. His early poems were not well received, and for the young poet with very slender means, life was difficult. Tragedy was added to difficulty when tuberculosis, which had already caused the death of his mother and uncle, became apparent in his brother Tom, whom Keats nursed through his illness when the brothers were living together in Hampstead . Subsequently Keats developed the disease, but despite its rapid progress, he managed in a single year - 1819 - to produce some of the finest lyrical poetry in the language. He went to Italy in the hope of obtaining a cure but died in Rome in 1821, aged 25. Medicine certainly contributed to the man, but also something to the poet, Keats; his training and his family and personal experience of tuberculosis speak for themselves. More subtly , his medical experience influenced in some degree his ideas and even his choice of words. The interrelations of poet-patient and trainee-physician are examined in this essay. PMID:6377444
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
Dr. Thomas Paine, Deputy Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, examines an ordinary man's shoe outfitted for use in the Saturn I workshop. Pictured from the left in the Saturn I workshop mockup are William Brooksbank, propulsion and vehicle engineering laboratory; Dr. Paine; Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Marshall Center director; Colonel Clare F. Farley, Executive Officer in the Office Of The Administrator; and Charles J. Donlan, Deputy Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, Technical. the shoe Dr. Paine is holding has a unique fastener built into the sole to allow an astronaut to move about on the workshop floor and to remain in one position if he desires.
Archival Footage: John Glenn's Mercury Flight
Archival films document John Glenn's historic Feb. 20, 1962 Mercury flight in his Friendship 7, in which he became the first American to orbit the Earth. Clips include boarding the capsule, splashd...
Obituary: John Louis Perdrix (1926-2005)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Orchiston, W.
2005-12-01
On 27 June 2005 the Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage lost its founder and Australia lost one of its leading historians of astronomy when John Louis Perdrix died in Dubai after a brief battle with cancer.
John Dewey--Philosopher and Educational Reformer
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Talebi, Kandan
2015-01-01
John Dewey was an American philosopher and educator, founder of the philosophical movement known as pragmatism, a pioneer in functional psychology, and a leader of the progressive movement in education in the United States.
Corporate Perspective: An Interview with John Sculley.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Temares, M. Lewis
1989-01-01
John Sculley, the chairman of the board of Apple Computer, Inc., discusses information technology management, management strategies, network management, the Chief Information Officer, strategic planning, back-to-the-future planning, business and university joint ventures, and security issues. (MLW)
John Peter Zenger, Battler for Freedom
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wallerstein, Gerry
1974-01-01
Examines the freedom of the press precedent set by the John Peter Zenger case in 1743 and considers its application to such current events as the jailing of reporters for not disclosing news sources. (RB)
John Twysden and John Palmer: 17th-century Northamptonshire astronomers
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Frost, M. A.
2008-01-01
John Twysden (1607-1688) and John Palmer (1612-1679) were two astronomers in the circle of Samuel Foster (circa 1600-1652), the subject of a recent paper in this journal. John Twysden qualified in law and medicine and led a peripatetic life around England and Europe. John Palmer was Rector of Ecton, Northamptonshire and later Archdeacon of Northampton. The two astronomers catalogued observations made from Northamptonshire from the 1640s to the 1670s. In their later years Twysden and Palmer published works on a variety of topics, often astronomical. Palmer engaged in correspondence with Henry Oldenburg, the first secretary of the Royal Society, on topics in astronomy and mathematics.
Acquired von Willebrand disease.
Kumar, Shaji; Pruthi, Rajiv K; Nichols, William L
2002-02-01
Acquired von Willebrand disease (AvWD) is a relatively rare acquired bleeding disorder that usually occurs in elderly patients, in whom its recognition may be delayed. Patients usually present predominantly with mucocutaneous bleeding, with no previous history of bleeding abnormalities and no clinically meaningful family history. Various underlying diseases have been associated with AvWD, most commonly hematoproliferative disorders, including monoclonal gammopathies, lymphoproliferative disorders, and myeloproliferative disorders. The pathogenesis of AvWD remains incompletely understood but includes autoantibodies directed against the von Willebrand factor (vWF), leading to a more rapid clearance from the circulation or interference with its function, adsorption of vWF by tumor cells, and nonimmunologic mechanisms of destruction. Laboratory evaluation usually reveals a pattern of prolonged bleeding time and decreased levels of vWF antigen, ristocetin cofactor activity, and factor VIII coagulant activity consistent with a diagnosis of vWD. Acquired vWD is distinguished from the congenital form by age at presentation, absence of a personal and family history of bleeding disorders, and, often, presence of a hematoproliferative or autoimmune disorder. The severity of the bleeding varies considerably among patients. Therapeutic options include desmopressin and certain factor VIII concentrates that also contain vWF. Successful treatment of the associated illness can reverse the clinical and laboratory manifestations. Intravenous immunoglobulins have also shown some efficacy in the management of AvWD, especially cases associated with monoclonal gammopathies. Awareness of AvWD is essential for diagnosis and appropriate management. PMID:11838652
[Inborn and acquired von Willebrand disease].
Schneppenheim, R; Budde, U
2008-12-01
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is known for its marked heterogeneity which was already recognized by von Willebrand in 1926. The basis of phenotypic differentiation are quantitative and qualitative or functional differences between the different types and subtypes of VWD. Clinical relevant facts for the practioner on diagnosis and therapy of von Willebrand disease and von Willebrand syndrome are presented. PMID:19132162
[Inborn and acquired von Willebrand disease].
Schneppenheim, R; Barthels, M; Budde, U
2005-11-01
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is known for its marked heterogeneity which was already recognized by von Willebrand in 1926. The basis of phenotypic differentiation are quantitative and qualitative or functional differences between the different types and subtypes of VWD. Clinical relevant facts for the practitioner on diagnosis and therapy of von Willebrand disease and von Willebrand syndrome are presented. PMID:16395486
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
2006-01-01
The John F. Kennedy Space Center, America's spaceport, is located along Florida's eastern shore on Cape Canaveral. Established as NASA's Launch Operations Center on July 1, 1962, the center has been the site of launching all U.S. human space flight missions, from the early days of Project Mercury to the space shuttle and the next generation of vehicles. In addition, the center is home to NASA's Launch Services Program, which coordinates all expendable vehicle launches carrying a NASA payload.
With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER images Earth to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.
ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products.
The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER provides scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring of dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.
The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.
Size: 32.6 by 51.2 kilometers (20.2 by 32.2 miles) Location: 28.6 degrees North latitude, 80.6 degrees West longitude Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER bands 3, 2, and 1 Original Data Resolution: 15 meters (49
Clinical Problem Solving: The Case of John, Part III
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Drell, Martin J.; Josephson, Allan; Pleak, Richard; Riggs, Paula; Rosenfeld, Alvin
2006-01-01
In this article, the authors share the case of John, a college freshman who had been struggling with depression. To work around John's case, the authors conducted an interview with John's parents. Based on the interview, it is found out that John's depression was largely caused by his relationship with his parents and the environment at their…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vargas-Magaña, Rosa; Panayotaros, Panayotis
2015-11-01
We study the problem of wave propagation in a long-wave asymptotic regime over variable bottom of an ideal irrotational fluid in the framework of the Hamiltonian formulation in which the non-local Dirichlet-Neumann (DtN) operator appears explicitly in the Hamiltonian. We propose a non-local Hamiltonian model for bidirectional wave propagation in shallow water that involves pseudodifferential operators that approximate the DtN operator for variable depth. These models generalize the Boussinesq system as they include the exact dispersion relation in the case of constant depth. We present results for the normal modes and eigenfrequencies of the linearized problem. We see that variable topography introduces effects such as steepening of normal modes with increasing variation of depth, as well as amplitude modulation of the normal modes in certain wavelength ranges. Numerical integration shows that the constant depth nonlocal Boussinesq model with quadratic nonlinearity can capture the evolution obtained with higher order approximations of the DtN operator. In the case of variable depth we observe certain oscillations in width of the crest and also some interesting textures in the evolution of wave crests during the passage from obstacles.
Blow-up problems for the heat equation with a local nonlinear Neumann boundary condition
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yang, Xin; Zhou, Zhengfang
2016-09-01
This paper estimates the blow-up time for the heat equation ut = Δu with a local nonlinear Neumann boundary condition: The normal derivative ∂ u / ∂ n =uq on Γ1, one piece of the boundary, while on the rest part of the boundary, ∂ u / ∂ n = 0. The motivation of the study is the partial damage to the insulation on the surface of space shuttles caused by high speed flying subjects. We show the finite time blow-up of the solution and estimate both upper and lower bounds of the blow-up time in terms of the area of Γ1. In many other work, they need the convexity of the domain Ω and only consider the problem with Γ1 = ∂ Ω. In this paper, we remove the convexity condition and only require ∂Ω to be C2. In addition, we deal with the local nonlinearity, namely Γ1 can be just part of ∂Ω.
Moist turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection with Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Weidauer, Thomas; Schumacher, Jörg
2012-07-01
Turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection with phase changes in an extended layer between two parallel impermeable planes is studied by means of three-dimensional direct numerical simulations for Rayleigh numbers between 104 and 1.5 × 107 and for Prandtl number Pr = 0.7. Two different sets of boundary conditions of temperature and total water content are compared: imposed constant amplitudes which translate into Dirichlet boundary conditions for the scalar field fluctuations about the quiescent diffusive equilibrium and constant imposed flux boundary conditions that result in Neumann boundary conditions. Moist turbulent convection is in the conditionally unstable regime throughout this study for which unsaturated air parcels are stably and saturated air parcels unstably stratified. A direct comparison of both sets of boundary conditions with the same parameters requires to start the turbulence simulations out of differently saturated equilibrium states. Similar to dry Rayleigh-Bénard convection the differences in the turbulent velocity fluctuations, the cloud cover, and the convective buoyancy flux decrease across the layer with increasing Rayleigh number. At the highest Rayleigh numbers the system is found in a two-layer regime, a dry cloudless and stably stratified layer with low turbulence level below a fully saturated and cloudy turbulent one which equals a classical Rayleigh-Bénard convection layer. Both are separated by a strong inversion that gets increasingly narrower for growing Rayleigh number.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pöpping, Bert; Unterberger, Claudia
Eine DNA-gestützte Analytik spielt im Lebensmittelbereich eine große Rolle. So wird die PCR bzw. die Real Time PCR z. B. für den Nachweis von Krankheitserreger in Lebensmitteln, zur Tier- und Pflanzenartendifferenzierung und den Nachweis von gentechnologisch veränderten Organismen eingesetzt [1]. Grundvoraussetzung für die sehr sensitiven molekularbiologischen Methoden ist eine saubere und kontaminationsfreie Nukleinsäure [2]. Die Qualität der Nukleinsäure entscheidet über Erfolg und Misserfolg der anschließenden molekularbiologischen Analytik. Deshalb werden im Bereich der Lebensmittelanalytik hohe Anforderungen an das jeweilige DNA-Extraktionsprotokoll gestellt. Durch die Anwendung eines geeigneten Extraktionsverfahrens soll die nachzuweisende DNA möglichst in hochmolekularer Form und frei von die nachfolgende Analytik hemmenden Substanzen vorliegen [1]. Gerade hier stellt die Natur der Lebensmittelmatrix eine besondere Herausforderung dar. Matrixkomponenten wie Fette, Zucker, Proteine und sekundäre Inhaltsstoffe erschweren die DNA-Extraktion und können, wenn sie nicht durch die Extraktion vollständig entfernt werden, zu einer Inhibierung der PCR führen [3]. Des Weiteren müssen auf der Matrixoberfläche vorhandene DNA-abbauende Enzyme gehemmt werden [1]. Daneben spielt der Einfluss verschiedener chemischer und physikalischer Parameter (pH-Wert, Temperatur, Enzyme, Scherkräfte) bei der Lebensmittelproduktion eine große Rolle für die Qualität der extrahierten DNA. So führen z. B. hohe Temperaturen und saure pH-Werte während der Lebensmittelverarbeitung zu einer Fragmentierung der DNA. Auch die physikalischen und chemischen Bedingungen der verwendeten Extraktionsmethode beeinflussen die Qualität der DNA [2]. Bleiben nach der Extraktion organische Lösungsmittel (Phenol, Ethanol), Enzyme, Proteine oder Salze zurück, können diese ebenfalls eine nachfolgende PCR inhibieren. Um eine Inhibition der PCR auszuschließen, sollten in der
Obituary: John W. Firor (1927-2007)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gilman, Peter A.
2009-12-01
John W. Firor, a former Director of the High Altitude Observatory and the National Center for Atmospheric Research, and a founder of the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society, died of Alzheimer's disease in Pullman, Washington on November 5, 2007, he was 80. He was born in Athens Georgia on October 18, 1927, where his father was a professor of agricultural economics. John had an unusually diverse scientific career. His interest in physics and astrophysics began while serving in the army, during which time he was assigned to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, where he guarded highly radioactive materials (many have heard him describe how informal the protections were compared to later times). After his service he returned to college and graduated in physics from Georgia Tech in 1949. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1954, writing his thesis on cosmic rays under John Simpson. John Firor would later remark that: "If you needed cosmic rays to actually do anything, you are sunk." That thought, partly in jest, may help explain his motivation for moving to so many new scientific and management pursuits. John moved from cosmic ray physics to radio astronomy (particularly of the Sun) when he began work at the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, where he remained until 1961. During this time, he met Walter Orr Roberts, then the Director of the High Altitude Observatory (HAO) in Boulder, Colorado. HAO was then affiliated with the University of Colorado. In 1959, a movement began to upgrade the atmospheric sciences in the United States by establishing a National Center, where the largest, most important atmospheric research problems could be addressed. Roberts became the first Director of NCAR, as well as the first president of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), the consortium of universities that was commissioned to manage and staff the new Center. HAO became a
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mullen, Carol A.
2006-01-01
This portraiture study of four exceptional scholars in education--John Goodlad, John Hoyle, Joseph Murphy, and Thomas Sergiovanni--provides insight into their scholarly work and life habits, direction and aspirations, assessment and analysis of major trends in the profession, and advice for aspiring leaders and academics. Telephone interviews with…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mullen, Carol A.
2009-01-01
This portraiture study of four exceptional scholars in education--John Goodlad, John Hoyle, Joseph Murphy, and Thomas Sergiovanni--provides insight into their scholarly work and life habits, direction and aspirations, assessment and analysis of major trends in the profession, and advice for aspiring leaders and academics. Telephone interviews with…
Conceptions of Childhood in the Educational Philosophies of John Locke and John Dewey
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bynum, Gregory Lewis
2015-01-01
This article compares progressive conceptions of childhood in the educational philosophies of John Locke and John Dewey. Although the lives of the two philosophers were separated by an ocean and two centuries of history, they had in common the following things: (1) a relatively high level of experience working with, and observing, children that is…
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1960-01-01
On September 8, 1960 President Dwight D. Eisenhower visited Huntsville, Alabama to dedicate a new NASA field center in honor of General George C. Marshall, Eisenhower's wartime colleague and the founder of the famous Marshall Plan for European recover after World War II. The new George C. Marshall Space Flight Center was placed under the control of Dr. Wernher Von Braun shown here talking with President Eisenhower. As parto f his remarks dedicating the center, President Eisenhowe refereed to General Marshall as a 'man of yar, yet a builder of peace'. the Marshall Center's first major assignment including building the huge Saturn V rocket that launched human beings on their first journey to the surface of the moon in 1969.
von Braun and German Publisher
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1969-01-01
In this photograph, Guenter Ogger of Capitol Magazine, West Germany, greets Marshall Space Flight Center Director, Dr. Wernher von Braun. Mr. Ogger interviewed the famous rocket scientist for his magazine.
Findeis-Hosey, Jennifer J; McMahon, Kelly Q; Findeis, Sarah K
2016-06-01
Von Hippel-Lindau disease is an autosomal dominant syndrome which occurs secondary to germline mutations in the VHL tumor suppressor gene, located on chromosome 3. Clinically von Hippel-Lindau disease is characterized by an increased risk of developing simple visceral cysts, most commonly in the pancreas and kidneys, in addition to an increased risk of developing neoplasms, often with clear cell features, in a multitude of organ systems. The most common neoplasms are cerebellar and retinal hemangioblastomas, adrenal pheochromocytomas, clear cell renal cell carcinomas, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, pancreatic serous cystadenomas, and endolymphatic sac tumors. These lesions most commonly present during adulthood; however, screening and surveillance for the development of these lesions should begin in the pediatric years for patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. In this review article, the genetics and most common neoplasms of von Hippel-Lindau disease are reviewed, with an eye towards implications for the pediatric patient. PMID:27617152
Die Kosmogonie Anton von Zachs.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Brosche, P.
In his "Cosmogenische Betrachtungen" (1804), Anton von Zach rediscovered - probably independently - some aspects of the theories of Kant and Laplace. More originally, he envisaged also the consequences of an era of heavy impacts in the early history of the Earth.
Pregnancy and von Gierke's disease.
Farber, M; Knuppel, R A; Binkiewicz, A; Kennison, R D
1976-02-01
A detailed description of the course of pregnancy in a patient with von Gierke's disease is presented. Careful dietary control together with proper management of the hematologic complications of the disease led to a successful outcome. PMID:1061911
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yang, Zhiguo; Wang, Li-Lian; Rong, Zhijian; Wang, Bo; Zhang, Baile
2016-04-01
In this paper, we present an efficient spectral-element method (SEM) for solving general two-dimensional Helmholtz equations in anisotropic media, with particular applications in accurate simulation of polygonal invisibility cloaks, concentrators and circular rotators arisen from the field of transformation electromagnetics (TE). In practice, we adopt a transparent boundary condition (TBC) characterized by the Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DtN) map to reduce wave propagation in an unbounded domain to a bounded domain. We then introduce a semi-analytic technique to integrate the global TBC with local curvilinear elements seamlessly, which is accomplished by using a novel elemental mapping and analytic formulas for evaluating global Fourier coefficients on spectral-element grids exactly. From the perspective of TE, an invisibility cloak is devised by a singular coordinate transformation of Maxwell's equations that leads to anisotropic materials coating the cloaked region to render any object inside invisible to observers outside. An important issue resides in the imposition of appropriate conditions at the outer boundary of the cloaked region, i.e., cloaking boundary conditions (CBCs), in order to achieve perfect invisibility. Following the spirit of [48], we propose new CBCs for polygonal invisibility cloaks from the essential "pole" conditions related to singular transformations. This allows for the decoupling of the governing equations of inside and outside the cloaked regions. With this efficient spectral-element solver at our disposal, we can study the interesting phenomena when some defects and lossy or dispersive media are placed in the cloaking layer of an ideal polygonal cloak.
The generalized Dirichlet-Neumann map for linear elliptic PDEs and its numerical implementation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sifalakis, A. G.; Fokas, A. S.; Fulton, S. R.; Saridakis, Y. G.
2008-09-01
A new approach for analyzing boundary value problems for linear and for integrable nonlinear PDEs was introduced in Fokas [A unified transform method for solving linear and certain nonlinear PDEs, Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A 53 (1997) 1411-1443]. For linear elliptic PDEs, an important aspect of this approach is the characterization of a generalized Dirichlet to Neumann map: given the derivative of the solution along a direction of an arbitrary angle to the boundary, the derivative of the solution perpendicularly to this direction is computed without solving on the interior of the domain. This is based on the analysis of the so-called global relation, an equation which couples known and unknown components of the derivative on the boundary and which is valid for all values of a complex parameter k. A collocation-type numerical method for solving the global relation for the Laplace equation in an arbitrary bounded convex polygon was introduced in Fulton et al. [An analytical method for linear elliptic PDEs and its numerical implementation, J. Comput. Appl. Math. 167 (2004) 465-483]. Here, by choosing a different set of the "collocation points" (values for k), we present a significant improvement of the results in Fulton et al. [An analytical method for linear elliptic PDEs and its numerical implementation, J. Comput. Appl. Math. 167 (2004) 465-483]. The new collocation points lead to well-conditioned collocation methods. Their combination with sine basis functions leads to a collocation matrix whose diagonal blocks are point diagonal matrices yielding efficient implementation of iterative methods; numerical experimentation suggests quadratic convergence. The choice of Chebyshev basis functions leads to higher order convergence, which for regular polygons appear to be exponential.
Press Site Auditorium dedicated to John Holliman
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
From left, Center Director Roy Bridges and NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin applaud as Jay Holliman, with the help of his mother, Mrs. Dianne Holliman, unveils a plaque honoring his father, the late John Holliman. At right is Tom Johnson, news group chairman of CNN. The occasion was the dedication of the KSC Press Site auditorium as the John Holliman Auditorium to honor the CNN national correspondent for his enthusiastic, dedicated coverage of America's space program. The auditorium was built in 1980 and has been the focal point for new coverage of Space Shuttle launches. The ceremony followed the 94th launch of a Space Shuttle, on mission STS-96, earlier this morning.
Press Site Auditorium dedicated to John Holliman
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin hands Mrs. Dianne Holliman a plaque honoring her late husband, John Holliman, a CNN national correspondent. Standing behind Goldin is Center Director Roy Bridges. At right is Tom Johnson, news group chairman of CNN. A ceremony dedicated the KSC Press Site auditorium as the John Holliman Auditorium to honor the correspondent for his enthusiastic, dedicated coverage of America's space program. The auditorium was built in 1980 and has been the focal point for new coverage of Space Shuttle launches. The ceremony followed the 94th launch of a Space Shuttle, on mission STS-96, earlier this morning.
Sir John Gurdon: father of nuclear reprogramming.
Blau, Helen M
2014-07-01
Sir John Gurdon founded the field of nuclear reprogramming. His work set the stage for the ever burgeoning area of stem cell biology and regenerative medicine. Here I provide personal reflections on times I shared with John Gurdon and professional reflections of the impact of his ground-breaking research on my own development as a scientist and on the field in general. His paradigm-shifting experiments will continue to provoke scientists to think outside the box for many years to come. PMID:24954777
Sir John Gurdon: Father of nuclear reprogramming
Blau, Helen M.
2015-01-01
Sir John Gurdon founded the field of nuclear reprogramming. His work set the stage for the ever burgeoning area of stem cell biology and regenerative medicine. Here I provide personal reflections on times I shared with John Gurdon and professional reflections of the impact of his ground-breaking research on my own development as a scientist and on the field in general. His paradigm-shifting experiments will continue to provoke scientists to think outside the box for many years to come. PMID:24954777
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Korobov, A.
2014-03-01
In contrast to the conventional continual case, discrete Poisson-Voronoi tessellations resulting from the growth to impingement of random nuclei differ from tessellations constructed from the nearest tile loci. Previously studied tessellations were based directly on the notion of locus [A. Korobov, Phys. Rev. E 79, 031607 (2009), 10.1103/PhysRevE.79.031607; A. Korobov, Phys. Rev. E 87, 014401 (2013), 10.1103/PhysRevE.87.014401]. This paper presents results for tessellations constructed by the growth of random nuclei. Their boundaries have a different structure and scaling properties are comparably more robust. One more scalable characteristic may be introduced for them, the perimeter distribution function, which is well approximated by the normal distribution function with the unit mean and the standard deviation equal to 0.25.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Chang, Sin-Chung
2005-01-01
As part of the continuous development of the space-time conservation element and solution element (CE-SE) method, recently a set of so call ed "Courant number insensitive schemes" has been proposed. The key advantage of these new schemes is that the numerical dissipation associa ted with them generally does not increase as the Courant number decre ases. As such, they can be applied to problems with large Courant number disparities (such as what commonly occurs in Navier-Stokes problem s) without incurring excessive numerical dissipation.
Obituary: John Louis Perdrix, 1926-2005
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Orchiston, D. Wayne
2006-12-01
John Perdrix, astronomical historian and co-founder of the Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, died on 27 June 2005. John Louis Perdrix was born in Adelaide, Australia, on 30 June 1926. After studying chemistry at Melbourne Technical College and working in industry, he joined the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation's Division of Minerals and Geochemistry. In 1974 the Division relocated to the Western Australian capital, Perth, and John spent the rest of his working life there involved in geochemical research. From his teenage years John had a passion for astronomy, which he fine-tuned through the Astronomical Society of Victoria and the Victorian Branch of the British Astronomical Association. He was very active in both groups, serving as President of the former and Secretary/Treasurer of the latter. He was also an FRAS, and a member of the AAS, the BAA parent body, and the IAU (Commission 41)?no mean feat for an Australian amateur astronomer. Throughout his life, he was a strong advocate of close amateur-professional relations. John's main research interest was history of astronomy, and over the years he wrote a succession of research papers, mainly about aspects of Australian astronomy. His well-researched and neatly-illustrated papers on the Melbourne Observatory and the Great Melbourne Telescope are classics, and when the Observatory's future was in the balance they played a key role in the State Government's decision to convert this unique facility into a museum precinct. To support his research activities, John built up an amazing library that developed its own distinctive personality and quickly took over his house and garage before invading commercial storage facilities! Apart from writing papers, John had an even greater passion for editing and publishing. From 1985 to 1997 he produced the Australian Journal of Astronomy, and in 1998 this was replaced by the Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage (JAH2). Both
Astronaut John Glenn Enters Friendship 7
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1962-01-01
Astronaut John Glenn enters the Mercury spacecraft, Friendship 7, prior to the launch of MA-6 on February 20, 1961 and became the first American who orbited the Earth. The MA-6 mission was the first manned orbital flight boosted by the Mercury-Atlas vehicle, a modified Atlas ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile), lasted for five hours, and orbited the Earth three times.
Press Site Auditorium dedicated to John Holliman
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
A ceremony dedicated the KSC Press Site auditorium as the John Holliman Auditorium to honor the correspondent for his enthusiastic, dedicated coverage of America's space program. The auditorium was built in 1980 and has been the focal point for new coverage of Space Shuttle launches. The ceremony followed the 94th launch of a Space Shuttle, on mission STS-96, earlier this morning.
Oltmanns, Thomas F; Kring, Ann M
2012-09-01
Presents an obituary for John M. Neale. Neale died in Hilton Head, South Carolina, on November 19, 2011, after a long illness. He was born on August 31, 1943, in Toronto, Canada. He received his bachelor's degree from the University of Toronto in 1965, where his interest in psychology had been sparked by an introductory course taught by George Mandler. After working at a residential treatment center for emotionally disturbed children, he decided to pursue graduate training in clinical psychology and enrolled at Vanderbilt University. Rue Cromwell served as John's mentor and stimulated his interest in the investigation of perception and cognition in schizophrenia. His doctorate was awarded in 1969, after completion of his internship at the Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute in San Francisco. John was hired in 1969 as an assistant professor in the new and exciting psychology department (founded in 1965) at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. That department remained his academic home for his entire career. Outside of his academic pursuits, John was an avid New York Giants fan, an extensive traveler, an excellent skier and tennis player, a music lover and jukebox collector, an outstanding cook, a terrific dancer, and a devoted dog owner. He continued to pursue these interests throughout his life, taking cooking classes, traveling to exotic locales with his wife Gail, and, when his health precluded more rigorous athletic pursuits, faithfully walking and playing with his dogs. PMID:22963420
John Dewey and Adult Learning in Museums
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Monk, David F.
2013-01-01
The objective of this article is to investigate learning in museums through the lens of John Dewey's philosophy of education and experiential learning. The influence of Dewey's philosophy of education is widespread and resounding. In this article, I examine the experiential qualities of Dewey's philosophy and compare it with the objectives of the…
Three Gentlemen of NAIS: John Chandler
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Potter, Cary
1981-01-01
Describes the many contributions of John Chandler in his 15 years at the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS); cites his concern with the nature and problems of school administration and describes some of the developments at NAIS under his direction; notes his family background. (SB)
An Interview with John Trim at 80
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Saville, Nick
2005-01-01
This article presents an interview with Dr. John Trim, which was recorded at his home in Cambridge on January 21, 2005, not long after his 80th birthday in October 2004. Although he would not consider himself a language tester, Dr. Trim has followed the trends in language assessment since the 1960s and his own work, particularly as a coauthor of…
John Wilkes Booth and the Lincoln Conspiracy.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nufrio, Ronald M.
The 1865 conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln also included plans to assassinate other government officials on that same April evening. The actor, John Wilkes Booth, succeeded in killing Lincoln, but his fellow conspirators bungled their attempts to kill William Seward, Andrew Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, and possibly Edwin Stanton. In…
John Robinson: Sustainer of the Pilgrimage.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marks, Gary L.
1991-01-01
Contends that, although Pilgrim leader John Robinson never traveled to North America, he personified the sense of purpose that held the pilgrimage together through trials, failures, and harassments. Discusses the history and issues of separatism during the development of the Puritan church in England and the Netherlands. (DK)
Speaking Personally--With John Seely Brown
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
American Journal of Distance Education, 2008
2008-01-01
This article presents an interview with John Seely Brown, a visiting scholar at the University of Southern California and a former chief scientist of Xerox Corporation and director of its Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)--a position he held for nearly two decades. While head of PARC, Brown expanded the role of corporate research to include such…
John Dewey on Philosophy and Childhood
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gregory, Maughn; Granger, David
2012-01-01
John Dewey was not a philosopher of education in the now-traditional sense of a doctor of philosophy who examines educational ends, means, and controversies through the disciplinary lenses of epistemology, ethics, and political theory, or of agenda-driven schools such as existentialism, feminism, and critical theory. Rather, Dewey was both an…
John Wilson on the Necessity of Punishment.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marshall, James D.
1984-01-01
According to John Wilson, the punishment of children is logically necessary, or inevitable, and punishment is the necessary concommitant of serious education. It is argued here that Wilson has not successfully established his case for the necessity of the punishment of children. (RM)
John Paul College: The Professional Renewal Journey
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mundie, Pauline; Marr, Robert
2014-01-01
John Paul College, a K-12 School in Queensland, Australia, recognises the centrality of classroom teachers to the ongoing improvement of student outcomes. The College has implemented a multi-tiered "professional renewal and assessment process." These changes of emphasis are the result of significant research and subsequent/associated…
Whole Genome Association Study of Johne's Disease
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
Bovine Paratuberculosis, commonly referred to as Johne's disease, is a contagious bacterial disease estimated to be present in over 65% of US dairy herds and results in annual losses in the hundreds of millions of US dollars. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is the bacteria resp...
John Furlong and the "University Project"
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Watson, David
2014-01-01
Like many senior teacher-educators and educational researchers, John Furlong has faced in several directions throughout his career, sometimes simultaneously. He has clearly not lost his enthusiasm for what happens in the classroom: he strongly appreciates those magical moments which can happen at any time, and which keep teachers going. He loves…
John Todd--Numerical Mathematics Pioneer
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Albers, Don
2007-01-01
John Todd, now in his mid-90s, began his career as a pure mathematician, but World War II interrupted that. In this interview, he talks about his education, the significant developments in his becoming a numerical analyst, and the journey that concluded at Caltech. Among the interesting stories are how he met his wife-to-be the mathematician Olga…
Speaking Personally--With John "Pathfinder" Lester
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Beaubois, Terry
2013-01-01
John Lester is currently the chief learning officer at ReactionGrid, a software company developing 3-D simulations and multiuser virtual world platforms. Lester's background includes working with Linden Lab on Second Life's education activities and neuroscience research. His primary focus is on collaborative learning and instructional…
We, John Dewey's Audience of Today
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
da Cunha, Marcus Vinicius
2016-01-01
This article suggests that John Dewey's "Democracy and Education" does not describe education in an existing society, but it conveys a utopia, in the sense coined by Mannheim: utopian thought aims at instigating actions towards the transformation of reality, intending to attain a better world in the future. Today's readers of Dewey (his…
John W. Thoburn: International Humanitarian Award
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
American Psychologist, 2012
2012-01-01
Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's International Humanitarian Award. The 2012 winner, John W. Thoburn, is an extraordinary psychologist who devotes himself consistently to service to underserved populations, especially in the aftermath of natural or human-induced disasters. He exemplifies a genuine…
John Hull and the Money Culture
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Attfield, David
2008-01-01
John Hull's recent educational writings have included several on what he calls the "money culture". This is analysed and criticised in this article. Hull offers a Marxist and a neo-Marxist account of the role of money in western societies utilising the labour theory of value, false consciousness and the materialist interpretation of history. It is…
A Posthumous Dialogue with John Nicolis: IERU
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rössler, Otto E.
2014-12-01
The reader is taken into the heart of a fictitious dialogue between two friends who never talked long enough with each other during the lifetime of both. It is the fearlessness of the mind of John that prompted the hopefully not too erratic thoughts that are going to be offered. The central figure is Heraclitus, the Great.
Jean Piaget's Debt to John Dewey
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tanner, Daniel
2016-01-01
Jean Piaget became a veritable institution unto himself in education and psychology, largely as the result of his developmental-stage theory advanced over the second quarter of the twentieth century. Not until Piaget was 73 did he make mention of John Dewey's work at Dewey's laboratory school, founded in 1894 at the University of Chicago. But here…
Astronaut Virgil Grissom and Astronaut John Glenn
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1961-01-01
Astronaut Virgil Grissom chats with Astronaut John Glenn prior to entering the Liberty Bell 7 capsule for the MR-4 Mission. The MR-4 mission was the second manned suborbital flight using the Mercury-Redstone booster, which was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center.
Transcriptional profiling of bovine Johne's Disease
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
Johne's Disease is a chronic, contagious disease prevalent in ruminants. The animal is infected early in life by the bacteria Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). The characteristic symptoms of rapid weight loss and diarrhea may not appear for years after infection. We investigated t...
An Interview with John H. Ritter.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Crowe, Chris
2000-01-01
Presents an interview with John H. Ritter discussing his life, his books, his views on sports literature, and a variety of other subjects. Discusses in particular his two novels "Choosing Up Sides," and "Over the Wall." Describes how he uses baseball scenes as metaphors to depict difficult choices that kids are dealing with. (SC)
Capitalism in Six Westerns by John Ford
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Braun, Carlos Rodriguez
2011-01-01
The economic and institutional analysis of capitalism can be illustrated through John Ford's Westerns. This article focuses on six classics by Ford that show the move toward modern order, the creation of a new society, and the rule of law. Economic features are pervading, from property rights and contracts to markets, money, and trade. Ford has…
John Ogbu and Minority Education in Japan
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Okubo, Yuko
2006-01-01
This paper discusses John Ogbu and his work in the context of Japan. First, his interest in Japan, his interactions with Japanese educators and researchers, and their responses to his work are discussed. Then Ogbu's cultural model from the author's fieldwork experiences is examined and a relational and dialectic perspective is proposed to study…
John B. Watson's Legacy: Learning and Environment.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Horowitz, Frances Degen
1992-01-01
Evaluates John B. Watson's contributions to developmental psychology. Watson's insistence on objective methodology in psychology retains its influence, but his extreme environmentalism has been rejected. His concern with the principles of learning is reflected in the work of Hull and Skinner. (BC)
The Life and Work of John Snow
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Melville, Wayne; Fazio, Xavier
2007-01-01
Due to his work to determine how cholera was spread in the 18th century, John Snow (1813-1858) has been hailed as the father of modern epidemiology. This article presents an inquiry model based on his life and work, which teachers can use to develop a series of biology lessons involving the history and nature of science. The lessons presented use…
Prostate Cancer Research Trial Helps John Spencer Treat His Cancer
... please turn Javascript on. Feature: Prostate Cancer Prostate Cancer Research Trial Helps John Spencer Treat His Cancer Past ... Prostate Cancer" Articles Progress Against Prostate Cancer / Prostate Cancer Research Trial Helps John Spencer Treat His Cancer / Prostate ...
Fastballs a Fast Track to 'Tommy John Surgery'?
... 159058.html Fastballs a Fast Track to 'Tommy John Surgery'? Other pitches not linked to the elbow ... pitcher's risk of an elbow injury requiring "Tommy John surgery." "Our findings suggest that throwing a high ...
4. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING SOUTHEAST THROUGH BLOCK ...
4. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING SOUTHEAST THROUGH BLOCK C FROM ROOFTOP OF COMMUNITY BUILDING. - John Hope Homes (Public Housing), Bounded by Larkin, Dora, Spelman Streets & Lane, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA
6. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING NORTHWEST THROUGH COMMUNITY ...
6. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING NORTHWEST THROUGH COMMUNITY PORCH AT FRONT COURTYARD IN BLOCK C. - John Hope Homes (Public Housing), Bounded by Larkin, Dora, Spelman Streets & Lane, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA
2. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING NORTHEAST UP NORTHSIDE ...
2. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING NORTHEAST UP NORTHSIDE DRIVE FROM INTERSECTION OF LEONARD STREET AND NORTHSIDE DRIVE. - John Hope Homes (Public Housing), Bounded by Larkin, Dora, Spelman Streets & Lane, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA
1. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING EAST TOWARD NORTHSIDE ...
1. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING EAST TOWARD NORTHSIDE DRIVE FROM INTERSECTION OF GREENSFERRY AVENUE AND DORA STREET. - John Hope Homes (Public Housing), Bounded by Larkin, Dora, Spelman Streets & Lane, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA
3. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING WEST FROM INTERSECTION ...
3. VIEW OF JOHN HOPE HOMES LOOKING WEST FROM INTERSECTION OF NORTHSIDE DRIVE AND MCDANIEL STREET TOWARD BLOCK B. - John Hope Homes (Public Housing), Bounded by Larkin, Dora, Spelman Streets & Lane, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA
68. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
68. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 27, 1936 8:15 A. M. FINDINGS IN MASON HOUSE RUINS. - General John Mason House, Analostan Island or Theodore Roosevelt Island, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
69. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
69. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 27, 1936 8:10 A. M. DETAIL OF FINDINGS IN MASON HOUSE RUINS. - General John Mason House, Analostan Island or Theodore Roosevelt Island, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
SUSPENSION BRIDGE BETWEEN THE OFFICE JOHN A. ROEBLING SONS COMPANY ...
SUSPENSION BRIDGE BETWEEN THE OFFICE JOHN A. ROEBLING SONS COMPANY AND THEIR RESEARCH LABORATORY BUILDING - John A. Roebling's Sons Company & American Steel & Wire Company, South Broad, Clark, Elmer, Mott & Hudson Streets, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ
10. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July ...
10. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July 9, 1952 MEMORIAL PLAQUE IN CHAPEL. - St. John's Episcopal Mission, Chapel & Rectory, Fort Bennett Vicinity, Green Grass, Dewey County, SD
6. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July ...
6. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July 9, 1952 SOUTH WALL OF CHAPEL. - St. John's Episcopal Mission, Chapel & Rectory, Fort Bennett Vicinity, Green Grass, Dewey County, SD
8. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July ...
8. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July 9, 1952 WEST ELEVATION OF CHAPEL. - St. John's Episcopal Mission, Chapel & Rectory, Fort Bennett Vicinity, Green Grass, Dewey County, SD
7. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July ...
7. Historic American Buildings Survey, John A. Bryan, Photographer July 9, 1952 CHAPEL AND CLASSROOM, SOUTHWEST PERSPECTIVE. - St. John's Episcopal Mission, Chapel & Rectory, Fort Bennett Vicinity, Green Grass, Dewey County, SD
John Moulton Homestead, water channel with board cover for walkway ...
John Moulton Homestead, water channel with board cover for walkway to house, looking east - John Moulton Homestead, Northwest corner of Mormon Row Road and Antelope Flats Road, Kelly, Teton County, WY
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April ...
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April 2, 1937 10:25 A.M. VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST (front). - Colonel John Cox House, 3339 N Street, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
3. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April ...
3. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April 2, 1937 10:40 A.M. DETAIL OF ENTRANCE (south elevation). - Colonel John Cox House, 3339 N Street, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
W. St. John Street. View looking west from intersection of ...
W. St. John Street. View looking west from intersection of Pleasant and W. St. John Streets - River Street Historic District, Bounded by West Saint James Street, West Santa Clara Street, Pleasant Street, & Guadalupe River, San Jose, Santa Clara County, CA
Obituary: John J. Hillman, 1938-2006
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chanover, Nancy
2007-12-01
John J. Hillman, a dedicated NASA civil servant, spectroscopist, astrophysicist, planetary scientist, and mentor, died on February 12, 2006 of ocular melanoma at his home in Columbia, Maryland. His professional and personal interests were wide-reaching and varied, and he devoted his career to the advancement of our understanding of the beauty and wonder in the world around us. His love of nature, art, and science made him a true Renaissance man. John was born in Fort Jay, New York, on November 22, 1938, and was raised in Washington, D.C. He received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in Physics from American University in 1967, 1970, and 1975, respectively. He began working at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, then in its infancy, in 1969, juggling a full-time position as a Research Physicist, the completion of his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees, and a young family. His background in molecular spectroscopy enabled him to apply his skills to numerous disciplines within NASA: infrared and radio astronomy; electronic, vibrational, and rotational structure of interstellar molecules; solar and stellar atmospheres; and planetary atmospheres. He published more than 70 journal papers in these disciplines. He was a frequent contributor to the Ohio State University International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy, and possessed a rare ability to bridge the gap between laboratory and remote sensing spectroscopy, bringing scientists from different disciplines together to understand our Universe. The last fifteen years of John's career were devoted to the development of acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) cameras. He championed this technology as a low-cost, low-power alternative to traditional imaging cameras for in situ or remotely sensed planetary exploration. It was within this context that I got to know John, and eventually worked closely with him on the demonstration and application of this technology for planetary science using ground-based telescopes in New Mexico, California
7. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West ...
7. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West Parcels, May 17, 1926, (John and James Dobson, Inc. East Falls, Aero Service Corp., Neg. No. 5986, May 17, 1926, Free Library of Philadelphia, Print Collection). - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
33 CFR 110.183 - St. Johns River, Florida.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false St. Johns River, Florida. 110.183... ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Anchorage Grounds § 110.183 St. Johns River, Florida. (a) The anchorage grounds—(1... anchor in the St. Johns River, as depicted on NOAA chart 11491, between the entrance buoy (STJ) and...
33 CFR 110.73 - St. Johns River, Fla.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false St. Johns River, Fla. 110.73... ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Special Anchorage Areas § 110.73 St. Johns River, Fla. (a) Area A. The waters lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at a point located at the west bank of St. Johns River...
33 CFR 110.73 - St. Johns River, Fla.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false St. Johns River, Fla. 110.73... ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Special Anchorage Areas § 110.73 St. Johns River, Fla. (a) Area A. The waters lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at a point located at the west bank of St. Johns River...
33 CFR 110.183 - St. Johns River, Florida.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false St. Johns River, Florida. 110.183... ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Anchorage Grounds § 110.183 St. Johns River, Florida. (a) The anchorage grounds—(1... anchor in the St. Johns River, as depicted on NOAA chart 11491, between the entrance buoy (STJ) and...
33 CFR 110.73 - St. Johns River, Fla.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false St. Johns River, Fla. 110.73... ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Special Anchorage Areas § 110.73 St. Johns River, Fla. (a) Area A. The waters lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at a point located at the west bank of St. Johns River...
33 CFR 110.183 - St. Johns River, Florida.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false St. Johns River, Florida. 110.183... ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Anchorage Grounds § 110.183 St. Johns River, Florida. (a) The anchorage grounds—(1... anchor in the St. Johns River, as depicted on NOAA chart 11491, between the entrance buoy (STJ) and...
76 FR 26767 - Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Advisory Council
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-05-09
... National Park Service Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Advisory Council AGENCY... Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail will hold a meeting. Designated through an amendment... John Maounis, Superintendent, Captain John Smith National Historic Trail, telephone: (410)...
76 FR 52691 - Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Advisory Council
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-08-23
... National Park Service Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Advisory Council AGENCY... Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail will hold a meeting. Designated through an amendment... John Maounis, Superintendent, Captain John Smith National Historic Trail, telephone: (410)...
77 FR 12324 - Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Advisory Council
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2012-02-29
... National Park Service Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Advisory Council AGENCY... Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail will hold a meeting. Designated through an amendment... John Maounis, Superintendent, Captain John Smith National Historic Trail, telephone: (410)...
Obituary: John W. Firor (1927-2007)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gilman, Peter A.
2009-12-01
John W. Firor, a former Director of the High Altitude Observatory and the National Center for Atmospheric Research, and a founder of the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society, died of Alzheimer's disease in Pullman, Washington on November 5, 2007, he was 80. He was born in Athens Georgia on October 18, 1927, where his father was a professor of agricultural economics. John had an unusually diverse scientific career. His interest in physics and astrophysics began while serving in the army, during which time he was assigned to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, where he guarded highly radioactive materials (many have heard him describe how informal the protections were compared to later times). After his service he returned to college and graduated in physics from Georgia Tech in 1949. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1954, writing his thesis on cosmic rays under John Simpson. John Firor would later remark that: "If you needed cosmic rays to actually do anything, you are sunk." That thought, partly in jest, may help explain his motivation for moving to so many new scientific and management pursuits. John moved from cosmic ray physics to radio astronomy (particularly of the Sun) when he began work at the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, where he remained until 1961. During this time, he met Walter Orr Roberts, then the Director of the High Altitude Observatory (HAO) in Boulder, Colorado. HAO was then affiliated with the University of Colorado. In 1959, a movement began to upgrade the atmospheric sciences in the United States by establishing a National Center, where the largest, most important atmospheric research problems could be addressed. Roberts became the first Director of NCAR, as well as the first president of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), the consortium of universities that was commissioned to manage and staff the new Center. HAO became a
John Holt Stanway: Gone to Texas
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bryan, J.
2008-01-01
John Holt Stanway (1799Ð1872) was an amateur astronomer who lived in Manchester, England until 1845. He was in contact with the English Ôgrand amateurÕ astronomer, William Henry Smyth, who supported him for Fellowship of the Royal Astronomical Society and evidently advised him on how to build and equip an observatory. Apparently, Stanway had an observatory at Chorlton-cum-Hardy in 1837. In 1845, Stanway left for the United States in response to serious business problems. En route, he met Ashbel Smith, a representative of the government of the Republic of Texas, who convinced Stanway to go to Texas. There he changed his name to John H. Smythe Stanley and settled in Houston, where he re-established his observatory. He became a commercial photographer and wrote about astronomy and other scientific subjects in Houston newspapers until his death in 1872.
John Banister: an Elizabethan surgeon in Brazil.
Mello, Amílcar D'Avila de
2011-03-01
In Brazil's sixteenth-century history, very few references are made to health professionals. On the expedition of Edward Fenton, dispatched by the English Crown in 1582 to set up a trading post in Asia, was the famous barber-surgeon and physician John Banister. The naval squadron, diverted from its original route to repeat the feats of Sir Francis Drake, stopped over in Africa, crossed the Atlantic and anchored off the Santa Catarina coast in Brazil. In these waters, the expedition degenerated into piracy and returned unsuccessful to Europe. John Banister is considered the person who liberated English anatomy from mediaeval slavery, shedding upon it the light of the Renaissance. It was the first time that anyone of this importance in the area of health had visited these latitudes. PMID:21552689
John Dewey's Visits to Hawai'i
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McEwan, Hunter
2015-01-01
John Dewey visited Hawai'i on three separate occasions. Of all three trips, by far the most important, as far as Dewey's influence on education in Hawai'i is concerned, was in 1899 when he came with his wife, Alice Chipman Dewey, to help launch the University Extension program in Honolulu. The Deweys' second trip was a very brief one--twenty years…
Astronaut John Young displays drawing of Snoopy
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1969-01-01
Astronaut John W. Young, Apollo 10 command module pilot, displays drawing of Snoopy in this color reproduction taken from the fourth telecast made by the color television camera aboard the Apollo 10 spacecraft. When this picture was made the Apollo 10 spacecraft was about half-way to the moon, or approximately 112,000 nautical miles from the earth. Snoopy will be the code name of the Lunar Module (LM) during Apollo 10 operations when the LM and CM are separated.
The mystery of John Wilkes Booth's dentist.
Hyson, J M; Kauffman, M W
1999-11-01
For many years there has been much speculation over the identity of the dentist of President Abraham Lincoln's assassin, John Wilkes Booth. Some have considered Dr. William Merrill (1833-1918), a rather prominent Washington, D.C. dentist, as the man who restored two of Booth's teeth with gold a few days before the assassination. Who was the mysterious Dr. Merrill and what evidence do we have that he ever treated Booth? PMID:10726569
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
John A. Simpson, recipient of the 2000 William Bowie Medal, died August 31 in Chicago at the age of 83. Dr. Simpson, who became an AGU member in 1957 and a Fellow in 1962, spent most of his professional career with the Enrico Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies of the University of Chicago, and at that university's department of physics. He was a member of the Solar and Heliospheric Physics subsection of SPA.
John Wesley Powell: soldier, explorer, scientist
U.S. Geological Survey
1969-01-01
One hundred years ago John Wesley Powell and nine adventure-seeking companions completed the first exploration of the dangerous and almost uncharted canyons of the Green and Colorado Rivers. By this trip, Powell, a 35-year old teacher of natural history, apparently unhampered by the lack of his right forearm (amputated after the Battle of Shiloh) opened up a large unknown part of continental United States and brought to a climax the era of western exploration.
Astronaut John Young photographed collecting lunar samples
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1972-01-01
Astronaut John W. Young, commander of the Apollo 16 lunar landing mission, is photographed collecting lunar samples near North Ray crater during the third Apollo 16 extravehicular activity (EVA-3) at the Descartes landing site. This picture was taken by Astronaut Charles M. Duke Jr., lunar module pilot. Young is using the lunar surface rake and a set of tongs. The Lunar Roving Vehicle is parked in the field of large boulders in the background.
John Hunter, Frederick Treves and intussusception.
Stringer, M. D.; Willetts, I. E.
2000-01-01
Early this century, intussusception in childhood was usually fatal. John Hunter, one of the founding fathers of scientific surgery was amongst the first to accurately describe the clinico-pathological features of the condition and one of the great nineteenth century surgeons, Sir Frederick Treves, suggested a plan of management for intussusception which remains little changed up to the present day. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:10700761
John Marshall: the making of true spectacles.
Bryden, D. J.; Simms, D. L.
1994-01-01
In 1693 John Marshall of London devised a novel method of grinding batches of identical, good quality, lenses of a specified focal length. Its commendation by the Royal Society led to a trade war between Marshall and rivals in the Worshipful Company of Spectacle Makers. Despite initial opposition the method was rapidly adopted by London opticians and, though much modified, it forms the unrecognised basis of present day practice. Images p1714-a PMID:7819998
von Willebrand Disease (For Parents)
... Type 2A or Type 2B. People with Type 3 (and some with Type 2A and 2B) will need treatment with Humate-P, an intravenous medication derived from human plasma that contains factor VIII and von Willebrand factor. ...
Alves, Danilo T.; Lima, Mateus G.; Granhen, Edney R.
2008-06-15
We consider a real massless scalar field in a two-dimensional spacetime, satisfying Dirichlet or Neumann boundary condition at the instantaneous position of a moving boundary. For a relativistic law of motion, we show that Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions yield the same radiation force on a moving mirror when the initial field state is invariant under time translations. We obtain the exact formulas for the energy density of the field and the radiation force on the boundary for vacuum, thermal, coherent, and squeezed states. In the nonrelativistic limit, our results coincide with those found in the literature.
Obituary: John Daniel Kraus, 1910-2004
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kraus, John D., Jr.; Marhefka, Ronald J.
2005-12-01
John Daniel Kraus, 94, of Delaware, Ohio, director of the Ohio State University "Big Ear" Radio Observatory, physicist, inventor, and environmentalist died 18 July 2004 at his home in Delaware, Ohio. He was born on 28 June 1910 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He received a Bachelor of Science in 1930, a Master of Science in 1931, and a PhD in physics in 1933 (at 23 years of age), all from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. During the 1930s at Michigan, he was involved in physics projects, antenna consulting, and in atomic-particle-accelerator research using the University of Michigan's premier cyclotron. Throughout the late 1920s and the 1930s, John was an avid radio amateur with call sign W8JK. He was back on the air in the 1970s. In 2001 the amateur radio magazine CQ named him to the inaugural class of its Amateur Radio Hall of Fame. He developed many widely used innovative antennas. The "8JK closely spaced array" and the "corner reflector" were among his early designs. Edwin H. Armstrong wrote John in July 1941 indicating in part, "I have read with interest your article in the Proceedings of the Institute on the corner reflector...Please let me congratulate you on a very fine piece of work." Perhaps John's most famous invention, and a product of his intuitive reasoning process, is the helical antenna, widely used in space communications, on global positioning satellites, and for other applications. During World War II, John was in Washington, DC as a civilian scientist with the U.S. Navy responsible for "degaussing" the electromagnetic fields of steel ships to make them safe from magnetic mines. He also worked on radar countermeasures at Harvard University's Radio Research Laboratory. He received the U.S. Navy Meritorious Civilian Service Award for his war work. In 1946 he took a faculty position at Ohio State University, becoming professor in 1949, and retiring in 1980 as McDougal Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering and Astronomy. Even so, he never retired
Schwarzschild, Martin (1912-97)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Murdin, P.
2000-11-01
Astrophysicist, born in Potsdam, Germany, the son of KARL SCHWARZSCHILD, left Germany, became professor at Princeton University. Working with John von Neumann, Schwarzschild used the powers of the newly developed electronic digital computers to work on the theory of stellar structure and evolution. He uncovered phenomena in red giant stars, including how they evolve off the main sequence in the H...
Weather Forecasting From Woolly Art to Solid Science
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lynch, P.
THE PREHISTORY OF SCIENTIFIC FORECASTING Vilhelm Bjerknes Lewis Fry Richardson Richardson's Forecast THE BEGINNING OF MODERN NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION John von Neumann and the Meteorology Project The ENIAC Integrations The Barotropic Model Primitive Equation Models NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION TODAY ECMWF HIRLAM CONCLUSIONS REFERENCES
Obituary: John J. Hillman, 1938-2006
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chanover, Nancy
2007-12-01
John J. Hillman, a dedicated NASA civil servant, spectroscopist, astrophysicist, planetary scientist, and mentor, died on February 12, 2006 of ocular melanoma at his home in Columbia, Maryland. His professional and personal interests were wide-reaching and varied, and he devoted his career to the advancement of our understanding of the beauty and wonder in the world around us. His love of nature, art, and science made him a true Renaissance man. John was born in Fort Jay, New York, on November 22, 1938, and was raised in Washington, D.C. He received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in Physics from American University in 1967, 1970, and 1975, respectively. He began working at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, then in its infancy, in 1969, juggling a full-time position as a Research Physicist, the completion of his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees, and a young family. His background in molecular spectroscopy enabled him to apply his skills to numerous disciplines within NASA: infrared and radio astronomy; electronic, vibrational, and rotational structure of interstellar molecules; solar and stellar atmospheres; and planetary atmospheres. He published more than 70 journal papers in these disciplines. He was a frequent contributor to the Ohio State University International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy, and possessed a rare ability to bridge the gap between laboratory and remote sensing spectroscopy, bringing scientists from different disciplines together to understand our Universe. The last fifteen years of John's career were devoted to the development of acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) cameras. He championed this technology as a low-cost, low-power alternative to traditional imaging cameras for in situ or remotely sensed planetary exploration. It was within this context that I got to know John, and eventually worked closely with him on the demonstration and application of this technology for planetary science using ground-based telescopes in New Mexico, California
Obituary: John Leroy Climenhaga, 1916-2008
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Scarfe, Colin
2009-01-01
John Leroy Climenhaga was born on 7 November 1916 on a farm some 10 km from Delisle, a small town on the Canadian prairies, located about 50 km south-west of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, and died at his home in Victoria, British Columbia, on 27 May 2008. His parents, Reuben and Elizabeth (nee Bert) Climenhaga, were farming folk, and he carried their honest and open attitude to the world throughout his life. John was the seventh born, and last to die, of their ten children. His father also served as an ordained minister of the Brethren in Christ. In early adulthood, John worked on his father's farm, but then attended the University of Saskatchewan, obtaining a B.A. with Honors in Mathematics and Physics and an M.A. in Physics, in 1945 and 1949 respectively. Between these events he worked as a Physics Instructor at Regina College from 1946 to 1948. In 1949 Climenhaga joined the faculty of Victoria College, as one of only two physicists in a small institution that was then part of the University of British Columbia. He remained in Victoria for the rest of his career, playing a major role in the College's growth into a full-fledged university, complete with thriving graduate programs in physics and astronomy as well as in many other fields. He served as Head of the Physics Department during the 1960s, a period which saw the College become the University of Victoria, with a full undergraduate program in Physics, and campaigned successfully for the establishment of a program in Astronomy, which began in 1965. From 1969 until 1972 he held the position of Dean of Arts and Science, and championed the university's participation in the Tri-University Meson Facility, whose high-current medium-energy beam was ideal for the production and study of mesons and their physics. That period was a turbulent one in the university's history, but John's integrity and his balanced and fair-minded approach to conflicts were of immeasurable importance in steering the young institution through it
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bristow, D. R.; Grose, G. G.
1978-01-01
The Douglas Neumann method for low-speed potential flow on arbitrary three-dimensional lifting bodies was modified by substituting the combined source and doublet surface paneling based on Green's identity for the original source panels. Numerical studies show improved accuracy and stability for thin lifting surfaces, permitting reduced panel number for high-lift devices and supercritical airfoil sections. The accuracy of flow in concave corners is improved. A method of airfoil section design for a given pressure distribution, based on Green's identity, was demonstrated. The program uses panels on the body surface with constant source strength and parabolic distribution of doublet strength, and a doublet sheet on the wake. The program is written for the CDC CYBER 175 computer. Results of calculations are presented for isolated bodies, wings, wing-body combinations, and internal flow.
John Ray in Italy: lost manuscripts rediscovered
Hunter, Michael
2014-01-01
This paper discloses the content of two manuscripts of John Ray that have hitherto been unknown to Ray scholars. The manuscripts survive in the Hampshire Record Office, having descended through the Prideaux-Brune family. They record information about Ray's tour of Italy in the 1660s that does not appear in his Observations … made in a journey through … the Low-countries, Germany, Italy and France (1673), including a visit to the museum of Athanasius Kircher in Rome, and provide clues concerning the composition of Ray's 1673 book. PMID:24921104
Obituary: John Daniel Kraus, 1910-2004
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kraus, John D., Jr.; Marhefka, Ronald J.
2005-12-01
John Daniel Kraus, 94, of Delaware, Ohio, director of the Ohio State University "Big Ear" Radio Observatory, physicist, inventor, and environmentalist died 18 July 2004 at his home in Delaware, Ohio. He was born on 28 June 1910 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He received a Bachelor of Science in 1930, a Master of Science in 1931, and a PhD in physics in 1933 (at 23 years of age), all from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. During the 1930s at Michigan, he was involved in physics projects, antenna consulting, and in atomic-particle-accelerator research using the University of Michigan's premier cyclotron. Throughout the late 1920s and the 1930s, John was an avid radio amateur with call sign W8JK. He was back on the air in the 1970s. In 2001 the amateur radio magazine CQ named him to the inaugural class of its Amateur Radio Hall of Fame. He developed many widely used innovative antennas. The "8JK closely spaced array" and the "corner reflector" were among his early designs. Edwin H. Armstrong wrote John in July 1941 indicating in part, "I have read with interest your article in the Proceedings of the Institute on the corner reflector...Please let me congratulate you on a very fine piece of work." Perhaps John's most famous invention, and a product of his intuitive reasoning process, is the helical antenna, widely used in space communications, on global positioning satellites, and for other applications. During World War II, John was in Washington, DC as a civilian scientist with the U.S. Navy responsible for "degaussing" the electromagnetic fields of steel ships to make them safe from magnetic mines. He also worked on radar countermeasures at Harvard University's Radio Research Laboratory. He received the U.S. Navy Meritorious Civilian Service Award for his war work. In 1946 he took a faculty position at Ohio State University, becoming professor in 1949, and retiring in 1980 as McDougal Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering and Astronomy. Even so, he never retired
Payne, D
2001-12-01
Major John A (Anthony) Hunt OBE (1906 - 1986) was a professional geologist who spent part of his working life in the oil fields of the world and a further highly significant period of 28 years (1936 - 58) as a Colonial Administrative Service Officer in the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. In 1943, he was personally selected by the Governor to carry out a wide-ranging General Survey of the Protectorate. The report of this General Survey attained such repute that newly appointed colonial administrators were recommended to rely on three basic documents: the Koran, the Bible and Hunt's, A General Survey of British Somaliland. PMID:11740081
John Hughlings-Jackson: a sesquicentennial tribute.
Swash, M
1986-09-01
One hundred and fifty years have elapsed since the birth of John Hughlings-Jackson, a pivotal figure in the development of clinical neuroscience. In this review the origin of Jackson's postulate of a hierarchical organisation of function in the nervous system is described in the context of his education and his contacts with contemporaries, both in his clinical practice at The London Hospital and at the National Hospital, Queen Square, and in relation to the evolutionary approach to the organisation and ideas on biology and society set out by the philosopher Herbert Spencer. PMID:3531410
The healing philosopher: John Locke's medical ethics.
Short, Bradford William
2004-01-01
This article examines a heretofore unexplored facet of John Locke's philosophy. Locke was a medical doctor and he also wrote about medical issues that are controversial today. Despite this, Locke's medical ethics has yet to be studied. An analysis of Locke's education and his teachers and colleagues in the medical profession, of the 17th century Hippocratic Oath, and of the reaction to the last recorded outbreak of the bubonic plague in London, shines some light on the subject of Locke's medical ethics. The study of Locke's medical ethics confirms that he was a deontologist who opposed all suicide and abortion through much of pregnancy. PMID:15709441
Dedication: John W. Wright, 1929-1978
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wright, John W.
1980-09-01
The death of John W. Wright in an automobile accident on November 20, 1978, came as a great shock to all who knew him. His family and friends lost a stimulating, compassionate human being whose many-faceted personality they greatly admired. The scientific community working on remote sensing of the air-water interface lost one of its pioneers and leaders. To dedicate this issue of the Journal of Geophysical Research to Dr. Wright seems a fitting tribute to his many scientific achievements.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Y.; Shu, C.; Yang, L. M.
2016-02-01
A boundary condition-enforced-immersed boundary-lattice Boltzmann flux solver is proposed in this work for effective simulation of thermal flows with Neumann boundary conditions. In this method, two auxiliary layers of Lagrangian points are introduced and respectively placed inside and outside of the solid body, on which the temperature corrections (related to the heat source) are set as unknowns. To effectively consider the fluid-boundary interaction, these unknowns are expressed as algebraic summations of the temperature correction on Eulerian points, which are in turn obtained from biased distributions of unknown temperature corrections on the immersed boundary. By enforcing the temperature gradient at the solid boundary being equal to that approximated by the corrected temperature field, a set of algebraic equations are formed and solved to obtain all the unknowns simultaneously. They are then distributed biasedly to the inner region of the auxiliary layer so that the diffusion from the smooth delta function can be reduced substantially. In addition, the solutions of the flow and temperature fields are obtained by the thermal lattice Boltzmann flux solver with the second order of accuracy. The proposed method is well validated through its applications to simulate several benchmarks of natural, forced and mixed convection problems. It has been demonstrated that the present solver has about 1.724 order of accuracy and the error between the present result and theoretical value for the temperature gradient on the solid surface is in the order of 10-13, which indicates that the proposed method is able to satisfy the Neumann boundary condition accurately.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shao, J. Y.; Shu, C.; Chew, Y. T.
2013-02-01
The implementation of Neumann boundary condition in the framework of immersed boundary method (IBM) is presented in this paper to simulate contact line dynamics using a phase field-lattice Boltzmann method. Immersed boundary method [10] is known as an efficient algorithm for modelling fluid-solid interaction. Abundance of prominent works have been devoted to refine IBM [1,11,12]. However, they are mainly restricted to problems with Dirichlet boundary condition. Research that implements the Neumann boundary condition in IBM is very limited to the best of our knowledge. This deficiency significantly limits the application of IBM in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) since physical phenomena associated with Neumann boundary conditions are extremely diverse. The difficulty is attributed to the fact that implementation of Neumann boundary condition is much more complex than that of Dirichlet boundary condition. In the present work, we initiate the first endeavour to implement Neumann boundary condition in IBM with assistance of its physical interpretation rather than simple mathematical manipulation. Concretely speaking, rooted from physical conservation law, the Neumann boundary condition is considered as contribution of flux from the boundary to its relevant physical parameter in a control volume. Moreover, the link between the flux and its corresponding flow field variable is directly manipulated through the immersed boundary concept. In this way, the Neumann boundary conditions can be implemented in IBM. The developed method is applied together with phase field-lattice Boltzmann method to study contact line dynamics. The phase field method [27,39], which becomes increasingly popular in multiphase flow simulation, can efficiently capture complex interface topology and naturally resolve the contact line singularity. Meanwhile, the lattice Boltzmann method is known as an alternative to model fluid dynamics and holds good prospect to simulate multiphase flows with
La Fondation Saint-John Perse (The Saint-John Perse Foundation).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Racine, Daniel L.
1978-01-01
Describes the collection of Perse's literary works, manuscripts, archives, and documents given by the author himself to the city of Aix-en-Provence. In addition to primary sources, the collection contains works on Saint-John Perse, many annotated by him. Grants are available from the foundation for doctoral research. (AMH)
Treatment of von Willebrand Disease.
Curnow, Jennifer; Pasalic, Leonardo; Favaloro, Emmanuel J
2016-03-01
Congenital von Willebrand disease (VWD) and acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) reflect conditions caused by von Willebrand factor (VWF) deficiency and/or defects. VWD is the most common inherited bleeding disorder and AVWS arises from a variety of causes. Since VWF stabilizes and protects factor VIII (FVIII) in the circulation, this is also reduced in many patients with VWD. The treatment of VWD and AVWS therefore primarily entails replacement of VWF, and sometimes FVIII, to protect against bleeding. This may entail the use of VWF concentrates (currently plasma-derived) and/or FVIII concentrates (currently plasma-derived or more increasingly recombinant forms), and/or desmopressin to release endogenous VWF in subgroups of patients. For AVWS additional treatment of the underlying condition is also required. Adjunct therapies include antifibrinolytics. Globally, various formulations exist for both VWF and FVIII concentrates and are differentially available based on manufacturer marketing or regulatory approvals/clearances in different geographies. Also, guidelines for treatment of VWD vary for different localities and recombinant VWF is undergoing clinical trials. The current review provides an overview of the treatment of VWD as currently practiced in developed countries, and also provides a glimpse towards the future. PMID:26838696
3. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Jennings, Photographer February 16, ...
3. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Jennings, Photographer February 16, 1935 GROUND FLOOR, NORTH WALL, PULPIT. - Hanover Green Meetinghouse, Nanticoke vicinity, Hanover Green, Luzerne County, PA
1. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Jennings, Photographer December 27, ...
1. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Jennings, Photographer December 27, 1934 EAST (FRONT) AND NORTH ELEVATIONS. - Hanover Green Meetinghouse, Nanticoke vicinity, Hanover Green, Luzerne County, PA
5. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Jennings, Photographer February 16, ...
5. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Jennings, Photographer February 16, 1935 BALCONY, SEATING ARRANGEMENT, SOUTH WALL. - Hanover Green Meetinghouse, Nanticoke vicinity, Hanover Green, Luzerne County, PA
4. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Jennings, Photographer February 16, ...
4. Historic American Buildings Survey, John Jennings, Photographer February 16, 1935 GROUND FLOOR, SEATING ARRANGEMENT & STAIRWAY. - Hanover Green Meetinghouse, Nanticoke vicinity, Hanover Green, Luzerne County, PA
Modellierung von Anwenderverhalten im Social Semantic Web
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ulbrich, Armin; Höfler, Patrick; Lindstaedt, Stefanie
Ziel dieses Kapitels ist es, gemeinsame Verwendungsszenarien des Semantic Web und des Social Web zu identifizieren und zu benennen. Dabei wird ein Teilaspekt des Themengebiets im Detail betrachtet: die Nutzung von Services, die Beobachtungen des Verhaltens von Anwendern analysieren, um daraus maschinell interpretierbare Informationen zu erhalten und diese als Modelle zu organisieren. Es werden zunächst einige Eigenschaften und Unterscheidungsmerkmale von Anwenderverhalten und organisierten Modellen dargestellt. Anschließend wird der mögliche wechselseitige Nutzen von Anwenderverhalten und Modellen diskutiert. Den Abschluss bildet eine Betrachtung einiger exemplarischer Software-Services, die heute schon verwendet werden, um Anwenderverhalten in Modelle überzuführen.
John Day Dam - Underwater video inspection
Vaughn, R.A.
1995-12-31
An underwater video inspection device has recently been designed and built for use at John Day Powerhouse on the Columbia River. It is used to inspect for damage on the submerged traveling screens, vertical barrier screens and orifices which are used to guide juvenile fish away from the turbines. The Corps of Engineers is legally required to inspect this equipment once per month. It is possible but time consuming to perform the inspections on submerged traveling screens by removing them. The removal of screens requires a six person crew and gantry crane. The time to remove and install a screen is about 3 hours. A typical plant such as John Day has 48 screens. On most power plants, it is not practical to remove the vertical barrier screens because it is so time consuming. These were formerly inspected by shutting down the generating units and using a camera on a tether to inspect. The new inspection device uses minimal crew and doesn`t require shutting down generating units. This system is intended to be a prototype and it is expected that some improvements to the system will be developed as the system is used.
MPI Enhancements in John the Ripper
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sykes, Edward R.; Lin, Michael; Skoczen, Wesley
2010-11-01
John the Ripper (JtR) is an open source software package commonly used by system administrators to enforce password policy. JtR is designed to attack (i.e., crack) passwords encrypted in a wide variety of commonly used formats. While parallel implementations of JtR exist, there are several limitations to them. This research reports on two distinct algorithms that enhance this password cracking tool using the Message Passing Interface. The first algorithm is a novel approach that uses numerous processors to crack one password by using an innovative approach to workload distribution. In this algorithm the candidate password is distributed to all participating processors and the word list is divided based on probability so that each processor has the same likelihood of cracking the password while eliminating overlapping operations. The second algorithm developed in this research involves dividing the passwords within a password file equally amongst available processors while ensuring load-balanced and fault-tolerant behavior. This paper describes John the Ripper, the design of these two algorithms and preliminary results. Given the same amount of time, the original JtR can crack 29 passwords, whereas our algorithms 1 and 2 can crack an additional 35 and 45 passwords respectively.
John Lubbock, science, and the liberal intellectual
Clark, J. F. M.
2014-01-01
John Lubbock's longest-standing scientific research interest was entomology. Some of his earliest systematic investigations of insect and marine life began under the tutelage of Darwin. Darwin shaped the trajectory of, and the programme for, Lubbock's natural history work. However, to understand John Lubbock's identity as a scientist, he must be located within the context of the Victorian ‘intellectual’. This paper traces Lubbock's entomological work from its early development under Darwin to his later work on insect sensory physiology and comparative psychology. Far from being the death of his scientific career, Lubbock's entry into Parliament marked the pinnacle of his career as a scientific intellectual. He built on his early work on invertebrate anatomy, physiology and taxonomy, and on his archaeological and anthropological research to expound his vision of mental evolution. His research on ‘savages’, on ants, bees and wasps, and on his dog, ‘Van’, permitted him to expatiate upon the psychic unity of all sentient beings, which, in turn, underpinned his overarching educational programme.
The Trieste Lecture of John Stewart Bell
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bassi, Angelo; Carlo Ghirardi, Gian
2007-03-01
Delivered at Trieste on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, 2 November 1989 The video of this lecture is available here. Please see the PDF for the transcript of the lecture. General remarks by Angelo Bassi and GianCarlo Ghirardi During the autumn of 1989 the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, celebrated the 25th anniversary of its creation. Among the many prestigious speakers, who delivered extremely interesting lectures on that occasion, was the late John Stewart Bell. All lectures have been recorded on tape. We succeeded in getting a copy of John's lecture. In the lecture, many of the arguments that John had lucidly stressed in his writings appear once more, but there are also extremely interesting new remarks which, to our knowledge, have not been presented elsewhere. In particular he decided, as pointed out by the very choice of the title of his lecture, to call attention to the fact that the theory presents two types of difficulties, which Dirac classified as first and second class. The former are those connected with the so-called macro-objectification problem, the latter with the divergences characterizing relativistic quantum field theories. Bell describes the precise position of Dirac on these problems and he stresses appropriately how, contrary to Dirac's hopes, the steps which have led to a partial overcoming of the second class difficulties have not helped in any way whatsoever to overcome those of the first class. He then proceeds to analyse the origin and development of the Dynamical Reduction Program and draws attention to the problems that still affect it, in particular that of a consistent relativistic generalization. When the two meetings Are there quantum jumps? and On the present status of Quantum Mechanics were organized in Trieste and Losinj (Croatia), on 5 10 September 2005, it occurred to us that this lecture, which has never been published, might represent an
An Alternative to Von Glasersfeld's Subjectivism in Science Education: Deweyan Social Constructivism
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Garrison, Jim
An influential view of constructivism in science and mathematics educational research and practice is that of Ernst von Glasersfeld. It is a peculiarly subjectivist form of constructivism that should not be attractive to science and mathematics educators concerned with retaining some sort of realism that leaves room for objectivity. The subjectivist constructivism of von Glasersfeld also becomes entangled in untenable mind/body and subject/object dualisms. Finally, these dualisms are unnecessary for social constructivism. I will provide one example of a social constructivist alternative to social constructivism, that of the pragmatic philosopher JohnDewey. In presenting Deweys position I will appeal to Ockhams razor, that is, the admonition not to multiply entities beyond necessity, to shave off the needless mentalistic and psychic entities that lead von Glasersfeld into his subjectivism and dualism.In outward forms, experimental science is infinitely varied. In principle, it is simple. We know an object when we knowhow it is made, and we know how it is made in the degree in which we ourselves make it.
Photocopy of drawing. LAUNCH COMPLEX 39, CRAWLER TRANSPORTER. NASA, John ...
Photocopy of drawing. LAUNCH COMPLEX 39, CRAWLER TRANSPORTER. NASA, John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Drawing 79K00081, John F. Kennedy Space Center, December 1969. SYS FUNCTIONAL DRAWING. Sheet 3 - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Crawler Transporters, Launcher Road, East of Kennedy Parkway North, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL
Photocopy of drawing. LAUNCH COMPLEX 39, CRAWLER TRANSPORTER. NASA, John ...
Photocopy of drawing. LAUNCH COMPLEX 39, CRAWLER TRANSPORTER. NASA, John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Drawing 79K00088, John F. Kennedy Space Center, November 1969. SYS FUNCTIONAL DRAWING. Sheet 6 - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Crawler Transporters, Launcher Road, East of Kennedy Parkway North, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL
Photocopy of drawing. LAUNCH COMPLEX 39, CRAWLER TRANSPORTER. NASA, John ...
Photocopy of drawing. LAUNCH COMPLEX 39, CRAWLER TRANSPORTER. NASA, John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Drawing 79K00088, John F. Kennedy Space Center, November 1969. SYS FUNCTIONAL DRAWING. Sheet 5 - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Crawler Transporters, Launcher Road, East of Kennedy Parkway North, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL
Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
2002-01-01
KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Joyce and James Herrington, parents of John Herrington, accept a gift during a pre-launch Native American ceremony. They are the parents of John Herrington, mission specialist on mission STS-113. Herrington is the first Native American to be going into space.
Celebrating the Life and Legacy of Dr. John Hope Franklin
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harris, Robert L., Jr.; Levering-Lewis, David; French, John D.; Wharton, Clifton R., Jr.
2009-01-01
Dr. John Hope Franklin chronicled the experiences of African-Americans like no one before him, forcing America to recognize Black history as American history. His contributions were innumerable and his impact was abiding. In celebration of his life and legacy, the authors profile the celebrated scholar and activist, Dr. John Hope Franklin.
33 CFR 117.881 - John Day River.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false John Day River. 117.881 Section 117.881 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Oregon § 117.881 John Day River. The draw of...
Familiar-Strange: Teaching the Scripture as John Would Teach
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ha, Tung-Chiew
2014-01-01
The Gospel of John teaches through telling the story of Jesus in light of the familiar Hebrew faith stories. It is an interpretive task that presents Jesus to his audience and teaches them adequate faith. John the Teacher skillfully uses narrative skills to create the familiar-strange effect in his storytelling. Each story is followed by a…
A Lifetime of Service: Dr. John Arthur Henschke
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cooper, Mary
2008-01-01
John Henschke is a lifelong learner who studied with Malcolm Knowles and who interviewed and knew such adult educators as Cyril Houle and his contemporaries. John has devoted his life to service both in the ministry and in education; he has traveled the globe with a view to encouraging lifelong learning and the concepts of andragogy for all. His…
John Dewey's Experiential Theories and Leadership Preparation in Higher Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Berman, Larry A.
2013-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree to which John Dewey's experiential theories were embedded in leadership preparation curricula in departments of leadership and college student personnel administration at universities in the Midwestern United States. John Dewey, who is considered to be America's greatest philosopher, defined…
In memoriam - John M. Young (1942-2013)
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
It is with sadness that friends and colleagues of John Young learnt of his death at home in Auckland, New Zealand on 30th September 2013. John began his scientific career at the Plant Diseases Division (PDD) of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), New Zealand after completing...
76 FR 39867 - Russell, John G.; Notice of Filing
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-07-07
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Russell, John G.; Notice of Filing Take notice that on June 29, 2011, John G. Russell submitted for filing, an application for authority to hold interlocking positions, pursuant...
40. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
40. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 13, 1936 1:50 P. M. DETAIL OF SOUTH WALL-CENTRAL ROOM OF BASEMENT-UNIT B-AFTER CHALKING - General John Mason House, Analostan Island or Theodore Roosevelt Island, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
39. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
39. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 13, 1936 1:30 P. M. DETAIL OF SOUTH WALL-CENTRAL ROOM OF BASEMENT-UNIT B-BEFORE CHALKING. - General John Mason House, Analostan Island or Theodore Roosevelt Island, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
18. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West ...
18. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West parcels, site plan-lower left, and surrounding environs, 1925. Bromley, George Washington and Bromley, Walter Scott. Atlas of the City of Philadelphia (North Philadelphia), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: George W. and Walter S. Bromley, 1925, p. 106. - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
2002-01-01
KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- The Chickasaw Dance Troupe performs an Honor Dance for John Herrington's parents during the Native American Ceremony at the Rocket Garden in the KSC Visitor Complex. The ceremony was part of several days' activities commemorating John B. Herrington as the first tribally enrolled Native American astronaut to fly on a Shuttle mission. Herrington is a Mission Specialist on STS-113.
17. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West ...
17. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West Parcels, site plan, revised through 1914. Hexamer, Ernest and Son. Insurance Maps of the City of Philadelphia, Vol. 21., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: E. Hexamer and Son, 1893. Revisions, 1914, p. 446. - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
14. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West ...
14. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West parcels, site plan, revised through 1895. Hexamer, Ernest and Son. Insurance Maps of the City of Philadelphia, Vol. 21., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: E. Hexamer and Son, 1893. Revisions, 1895, p. 446. - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
77 FR 27766 - Jamar, John P.; Notice of Filing
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2012-05-11
... Energy Regulatory Commission Jamar, John P.; Notice of Filing Take notice that on May 3, 2012, John P...-8659. Comment Date: 5 p.m. Eastern Time on May 24, 2012. Dated: May 4, 2012. Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary. BILLING CODE 6717-01-P...
16. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West ...
16. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West parcels, site plan-right, and western environs, 1908. Smith, Elvino Victor. Atlas of the 38th and Part of the 37th Ward of the City of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Elvino V. Smith, 1908, Plate 24. - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
Chemistry of St. John's Wort: Hypericin and Hyperforin
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Vollmer, John J.; Rosenson, Jon
2004-01-01
The appeal as natural antidepressant is the major selling point of St. John's Wort, which is referred to as "Prozac from the plant kingdom". Hypericin and hyperforin, two major constituents with significant biological activity of St. John's Wort and which are complex molecules with unusual features, are examined.
11. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West ...
11. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West parcels, site plan-upper left, elevation-lower left, and survey-right, 1877. Hexamer, Ernest and Son. Hexamer General Surveys, 1867-1895, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: E. Hexamer and Son, 1877, pp. 1095-1096. - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
21. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
21. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 21, 1936 12:30 P. M. DETAIL OF SILL ON SOUTH SIDE OF BASEMENT OF UNIT B. - General John Mason House, Analostan Island or Theodore Roosevelt Island, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
71. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
71. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 12, 1936 1:30 P. M. VIEW OF C.C.C. BOYS EXCAVATING IN UNIT A. - General John Mason House, Analostan Island or Theodore Roosevelt Island, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
67. Historic American Buildings Survey John Oliver Brostrup, Photographer August ...
67. Historic American Buildings Survey John Oliver Brostrup, Photographer August 12,1936 1:35 P. M. VIEW OF C.C.C. BOYS SCREENING FOR ARTIFACTS. - General John Mason House, Analostan Island or Theodore Roosevelt Island, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
19. John and James Dobson Carpet Mills, West parcel, topographical ...
19. John and James Dobson Carpet Mills, West parcel, topographical plan, 1986. Barton and Martin, Engineers. 'Topographical Plan for Dobson Mills.' Prepared for Rouse Urban Housing, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1986. - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
33 CFR 117.325 - St. Johns River.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false St. Johns River. 117.325 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Florida § 117.325 St. Johns River. (a) The drawspan..., displaying flashing green lights to indicate that vessels may pass. (3) When a train approaches, large...
33 CFR 117.325 - St. Johns River.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false St. Johns River. 117.325 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Florida § 117.325 St. Johns River. (a) The drawspan..., displaying flashing green lights to indicate that vessels may pass. (3) When a train approaches, large...
33 CFR 117.325 - St. Johns River.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false St. Johns River. 117.325 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Florida § 117.325 St. Johns River. (a) The drawspan..., displaying flashing green lights to indicate that vessels may pass. (3) When a train approaches, large...
33 CFR 117.325 - St. Johns River.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false St. Johns River. 117.325 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Florida § 117.325 St. Johns River. (a) The drawspan..., displaying flashing green lights to indicate that vessels may pass. (3) When a train approaches, large...
33 CFR 117.325 - St. Johns River.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false St. Johns River. 117.325 Section... DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Florida § 117.325 St. Johns River. (a) The drawspan..., displaying flashing green lights to indicate that vessels may pass. (3) When a train approaches, large...
Tribes of Men: John Joseph Mathews and Indian Internationalism
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lutenski, Emily
2012-01-01
In this article, the author discusses John Joseph Mathews and Indian internationalism. As an old man, Osage intellectual, writer, and historian, John Joseph Mathews recalled his expatriation from the United States during the 1920s. After growing up in Pawhuska, Oklahoma, seat of the Osage Nation, where he had been born in 1894 to a white mother…
Southeast corner of W. St. John Street and N. River ...
Southeast corner of W. St. John Street and N. River Streets, view from W. St. John Street - River Street Historic District, Bounded by West Saint James Street, West Santa Clara Street, Pleasant Street, & Guadalupe River, San Jose, Santa Clara County, CA
10. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West ...
10. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West parcels, site plan-lower right, and surrounding environs, 1875. Hopkins, Griffith Morgan. City Atlas of Philadelphia by Wards, 7 vols., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: G. M. Hopkins and Co., 1875, pp. 46-47. - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
9. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, portion of West ...
9. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, portion of West parcel, site plan-left, elevation-upper right, and survey-lower right, 1873. Hexamer, Ernest and Son. Hexamer General Surveys 1867-1895, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: E. Hexamer and Son, 1873, pp. 670-671. - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
13. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West ...
13. John and James Dobson Carpet Mill, East and West parcels, site plan-upper left, elevation-upper right, and survey-below, 1885. Hexamer, Ernest and Son. Hexamer General Surveys, 1867-1895, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: E. Hexamer and Son, 1885, pp. 1890-1891. - John & James Dobson Carpet Mill (West Parcel), 4041-4055 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
Dr. Wernher Von Braun greeting dignitaries.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
Dr. Wernher Von Braun, left, greets vice president Spiro T. Agnew in the Launch Control Center for the Apollo 14 mission. Between Dr. Von Braun and Mr. Agnew are their Royal Highnesses, The Prince and Princess of Spain. The royal visitors greeted the launch control team in th enter after the launch of Apollo 14.
Dr. Wernher Von Braun at a picnic.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1999-01-01
Dr. Wernher Von Braun, director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, stakes claim to a table for the picnic celebrating man's first lunar landing. With Dr. Von Braun are his wife, Maria (seated, right), and son, Peter (back to camera). His daughter, Margrit, was also present, but is hidden from view by friends in this view.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pollinger, Seth
2014-01-01
This study of John 1:1-18 describes how John (the speaker) presented his message to his audience within their activity of verbal communication. By focusing on verbal meaning, this interpretation analyzes how John presented and expressed his meanings through language by interpreting this text based on the seamless interrelation between John's…
Dr. John J. Stephens, Jr., metallurgist extraordinaire.
Hosking, Floyd Michael
2010-10-01
The organizers of the Dr. John J. Stephens, Jr. Memorial Symposium: Deformation and Interfacial Phenomena in Advanced High-Temperature Materials are honoring the memory of Dr. Stephens and his many technical contributions that were accomplished over a relatively brief twenty year career. His research spanned the areas of creep and deformation of metals, dispersion-strengthened alloys and their properties, metal matrix composite materials, processing and properties of refractory metals, joining of ceramic-ceramic and metal-ceramic systems, active braze alloy development, and mechanical modeling of soldered and brazed assemblies. The purpose of this presentation is to highlight his research and engineering accomplishments, particularly during his professional career at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, NM.
John Dewey and early Chicago functionalism.
Backe, A
2001-11-01
John Dewey and James Angell are regarded respectively as the founder and systematizer of the Chicago school of functional psychology. The early Chicago school traditionally has been portrayed as a unified theoretical approach based primarily on William James's naturalist theory of mental processes. It is argued in this article that although the psychology systematized by Angell bore a close affinity to James's naturalism, Dewey's own psychology was based primarily on the neo-Hegelian philosophy of Thomas Hill Green. Through a review of a number of Dewey's major writings, Green's neo-Hegelian philosophy is shown to have influenced Dewey's views on psychological concepts such as reaction, emotion, and perception during the formative period of the Chicago school. The interpretation of Dewey's psychology developed in this article leads to the conclusion that early Chicago functionalism should not be regarded as a unified theoretical approach. PMID:11763887
STS-79 John Blaha address news media
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1996-01-01
STS-79 Mission Specialist John E. Blaha addresses news media gathered for the flight crew's late night arrival at the KSC Shuttle Landing Facility. A veteran space traveler who served as either commander or pilot on his four previous Shuttle flights, Blaha is taking a mission specialist's slot on STS-79 because he will be transferring to the Russian Space Station Mir for an extended stay. American astronaut Shannon Lucid will take his place aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis for the return trip home. Final preparations are under way for launch of Atlantis on Mission STS-79, with liftoff scheduled to occur during an approximately seven-minute window opening at 4:54 a.m. EDT, Sept.16.
John F. Dewey—Tectonics Editor
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Richman, Barbara T.
‘I want the journal to acquire a reputation for very rapid, fair, and accurate reviewing,’ asserted John F. Dewey, editor-in-chief of AGU's newest journal, Tectonics. Dewey said that he will rule the bimonthly, which will begin publication in February, ‘with a bit of a rod of iron’ to ensure that Tectonics is ‘where only original and important papers are published.’‘I'm going to be very strict with reviewers,’ Dewey explained in his quick British clip. ‘If the review does not come back to me within 10 days to 2 weeks, I'll review the paper myself. I'm also going to have a system whereby, if a paper needs major surgery after being refereed, it will be rejected. Papers will have to be in virtually publishable condition before they are first submitted,’ he said.
John Shaw Billings as a Bibliographer
Marson, Joyce
1969-01-01
The influences that a man's childhood have on his life are, it is well known, great. Life is essentially a part of the things that happen to the individual and it is the manner in which one relates oneself to these things that determines what one is. With these facts in mind this study of John Shaw Billings as a bibliographer has been approached. His early life has been reviewed as an influence on his later achievements. Stress has been placed on those events which led to his bibliographic activities. Dr. Billings was prolific in many fields. Others have given detailed analyses of his writings (1, 2). The present study will consider only his bibliographic works. The description of these follows the brief outline of his childhood and youth. PMID:4898628
Johns Hopkins legionary: Leighton's lineage and legacy.
Lumsden, David Paul
2006-03-01
What is the relationship between sociocultural environment and psychiatric disorder? In particular, what is 'social disintegration', its characteristics, dangers and possible remediation? Alexander Hamilton Leighton and Jane Murphy's interdisciplinary contributions derive from those consuming concerns. This article contextualizes the famous Stirling County Study by suggesting that a hitherto unrecognized shaping role was played by William Henry Welch of Johns Hopkins and The Rockefeller Foundation, especially so through the example of Hopkins's epidemiological 'demonstration areas'. The article then details the Stirling County Study itself, including its relations with Dalhousie University and Canadian psychiatry. The concluding section identifies and assesses a wider set of achievements and contributions forming Leighton and Murphy's legacy to our several but interdependent fields of cross-cultural endeavour. PMID:16671390
John B. Little Center Annual Symposium
Demple, Bruce F.
2007-11-02
The Annual Symposium of the John B. Little Center for Radiation Sciences and Environmental Health at the Harvard School of Public Health seeks to educate radiobiologists and biomedical scientists in related areas on the leading research related to the effects of ionizing radiation and related environmental agents in biological systems. This effort seeks to further the training of individuals in this field, and to foment productive interactions and collaborations among scientists at Harvard and with other institutions. The Symposium attracts world-class scientists as speakers, and a broad cross-section of attendees from academic, government, and industrial research centers, as well as editorial staff from leading scientific publications. In order to maintain this quality, funding to support the travel and local expenses of invited speakers is sought, along with funds to allow use of appropriate conference facilities.
John N. Crouse--crusader and mitigator.
Schulein, Thomas M
2005-11-01
During the last part of the nineteenth century, John N. Crouse fought hard to defeat the process patents of the International Tooth Crown Company. Prior to that time he engaged in a lucrative dental practice, was a President of the American Dental Association and was a highly respected dentist in Chicago. In the midst of his fight against the International Tooth Crown Company, Crouse organized a dental supply business and a dental journal. After the defeat of the Tooth Crown Company's patents, in an interesting turn of events, Crouse appeared to form an alliance with a party who formed another threat to the dental profession by foisting his patents on it. This article traces the life of a noteworthy man who could rightly be placed among the most important figures in American dentistry. PMID:16396213
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nelson, Robert J.
John Elliott Nafe, known for his many pioneering contributions to seismological research, died on April 6 at his home in Vancouver, British Columbia. He had been an AGU Fellow since 1962. A physicist by training, Nafe proposed several important seismological concepts. In 1958, he was the first to demonstrate that sound waves could travel around the globe through the ocean. With colleague Charles L. Drake, he developed the Nafe-Drake Curve, which relates the velocity of sound through rock to the rock's density. He was one of several pioneering researchers at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, who in the 1940s and 1950s began profiling the Earth's crust at different points around the globe—an effort that eventually resulted in the tectonic plate theory of continental movement.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jokipii, J. R.; Gloeckler, G.
John Alexander Simpson, a long-time member and Fellow of AGU, member of the National Academy of Sciences, and last year's recipient of the Bowie Medal, died on August 31, 2000, from complications following open heart surgery. He was 83 years old and a professor emeritus at the University of Chicago, where he spent most of an extraordinarily varied and productive career.He received his bachelor's degree from Reed College in 1940, and a master's and a doctorate from New York University in 1942 and 1943. After working on the Manhattan Project until 1946, he joined the University of Chicago faculty where he rose through the ranks and was appointed to a succession of prestigious named professorships.
Luhmann Receives 2007 John Adam Fleming Medal
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Russell, Christopher T.; Luhmann, Janet G.
2008-02-01
This year's John Adam Fleming medalist quickly established a reputation as an innovative and productive scientist with a broad range of interests. She made early and seminal contributions to aeronomy, cosmic rays, and magnetospheric and planetary physics. She contributed importantly to the understanding of the interaction of the solar wind with the atmosphere and magnetic fields of Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. She has examined the behavior of planetary rings, the interaction of interstellar neutrals with heliospheric plasmas, as well as the interaction of planetary neutrals with the heliosphere. She has led in the study of the interaction of the moon Titan with the Saturn magnetosphere, and most recently she developed a vigorous solar physics effort, leading the implementation of the IMPACT particle and field package on the twin STEREO mission, now entering its second year of successful operation.
URobotics—Urology Robotics at Johns Hopkins
Stoianovici, D
2011-01-01
URobotics (Urology Robotics) is a program of the Urology Department at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions dedicated to the development of new technology for urologic surgery (http://urology.jhu.edu/urobotics). The program is unique in that it is the only academic engineering program exclusively applied to urology. The program combines efforts and expertise from the medical and engineering fields through a close partnership of clinical and technical personnel. Since its creation in 1996, the URobotics lab has created several devices, instruments, and robotic systems, several of which have been successfully used in the operating room. This article reviews the technology developed in our laboratory and its surgical applications, and highlights our future directions. PMID:11954067
John Adams and CERN: Personal Recollections
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Brianti, G.; Plane, D. E.
2014-02-01
By any standards, John Adams had a most remarkable career. He was involved in three important, emerging technologies, radar, particle accelerators and controlled fusion, and had an outstanding impact on the last two. Without a university education, he attained hierarchical positions of the highest level in prestigious national and international organizations. This article covers the CERN part of his career, by offering some personal insights into the different facets of his contributions to major accelerator projects, from the first strong-focusing synchrotron, the PS, to the SPS and its conversion to a proton--antiproton collider. In particular, it outlines his abilities as a leader of an international collaboration, which has served as an example for international initiatives in other disciplines.
John Herschel on the Discovery of Neptune
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kollerstrom, Nicholas
2006-12-01
The letters of John Herschel that concern the discovery of the planet Neptune have not been greatly discussed by historians of science. I have transcribed these in the course of archiving the British Neptune-discovery documents. Herschel tends to be depicted as a background figure in narrations of the story of Neptune's discovery, whereas the present account focuses upon his evolving view of the topic: the rival merits of the two main protagonists, and the startling manner in which an obscure branch of mathematics (perturbation theory) was able to pinpoint the position of a new sphere in the sky. As the son of the man who found Uranus, his views have a special relevance. Also, I suggest that his eloquent prose style may still be enjoyed today.
John Quincy Adams's rhetorical crusade for astronomy.
Portolano, M
2000-09-01
Astronomy thrived in Europe during the early nineteenth century, but in the United States a utilitarian mind-set opposed it. John Quincy Adams's oratory in support of American astronomical discovery reached its peak during congressional debate over the Smithsonian Institution (1838-1846). During this debate Adams countered proposals to found a university with plans for an observatory. His addresses to congressional and public audiences about observatories and astronomy were intended to foster interest in the science and encourage the growing astronomical community in America. Although the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C., was established before the Smithsonian debate ended, many considered Adams its political father. Adams composed his speeches on astronomy in a systematic manner, following neoclassical principles of rhetoric that he had taught at Harvard University. His speeches both in and outside of Congress show evidence of the rhetorical principles he conscientiously used in the service of astronomy. PMID:11143785
John Bryant Curtis: neurosurgeon, leader and mentor.
Lai, Leon; Kaye, Andrew H; Buckley, Penelope
2009-10-01
In every generation of neurosurgeons, there are those whose judgment and professional accomplishments gain distinction among their peers. Such exceptional leaders often exhibit unique talent and inevitably, they exert a lasting influence on their field of endeavour. John Bryant Curtis was one of these. Rising from humble roots, Curtis made his impact in neurosurgery starting at the age of 36. A legendary and a master neurosurgeon for his period, he became the second director of Neurosurgery at The Royal Melbourne Hospital, succeeding R. S. Hooper in 1967. Like Hooper, Curtis had undertaken a three years Fellowship in Oxford at the Radcliffe Infirmary to train under Sir Hugh Cairns in 1947. On his return to Australia in 1950, he was among the pioneers in introducing percutaneous angiography into the country, which earned him the honourable Hunterian Professorship at the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1958. This was in recognition for his contribution to the investigation of intracranial aneurysms. Among the many neurosurgeons whom John Bryant Curtis trained at the Royal Melbourne Hospital and at the Prince Henry Hospital, he was considered, by a few, a controversial figure. Others found the experience very positive. He was a distinguished neurosurgeon with expert clinical judgment, but simultaneously a stern and formidable character who demanded only the best from his staff and trainees. He was contrastingly thoughtful and gentle to his patients. Behind every great leader, there is a personal side, often more gentle and vulnerable than the public persona. Curtis was a generous, loving, funny, although at times eccentric human being. Although he died in 1989, ironically from metastatic brain tumours, his dynamic personality and work ethic imprinted a lasting impression on those who had met him. PMID:19604697
Franz Xaver von Zach in England
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
McConnell, Anita
F.X. von Zach arrived in London in November 1783, and was employed as tutor to George, son of Count von Brühl, the Saxonian commercial diplomat. Von Zach became a part of von Brühl's household, and was thus in close contact with the leading astronomers, horologists, and scientific instrument makers. Before he departed to Gotha in 1788, he was awarded an honorary degree by Oxford University under false pretences, he upset the Astronomer Royal, and was twice rejected by the Royal Society. At von Brühl's country house he was shown the manuscripts of the mathematician Thomas Harriot (d. 1621); but his attempts to publicise them were hampered by his misreadings, and his treatment of the documents caused confusion in England's scientific community, which lasted throughout his lifetime.
Dr. Wernher von Braun Laid to Rest
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1977-01-01
Dr. Wernher von Braun served as Marshall Space Flight Center's first director from July 1, 1960 until January 27, 1970, when he was appointed NASA Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under Project Paper Clip to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his rocket team were transferred from Ft. Bliss, Texas to Huntsville, Alabama to work for the Army's rocket program at Redstone Arsenal and later, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. Under von Braun's leadership, Marshall developed the Saturn V launch vehicle which took Apollo astronauts to the moon. Dr. von Braun died in Alexandria, Va., on June 16, 1977, seven years after his NASA appointment. This photo was taken at the site where he was laid to rest.
Dr. Wernher von Braun In His Office
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1964-01-01
Dr. Wernher von Braun served as Marshall Space Flight Center's first director from July 1, 1960 until January 27, 1970, when he was appointed NASA Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under Project Paperclip to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his rocket team were transferred from Ft. Bliss, Texas to Huntsville, Alabama to work for the Army's rocket program at Redstone Arsenal and later, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. Under von Braun's leadership, Marshall developed the Saturn V launch vehicle which took Apollo astronauts to the moon. This photo depicts von Braun in his office at MSFC.
Beati, Lorenza; Keirans, James E; Durden, Lance A; Opiang, Muse D
2008-03-01
Specimens of Amblyomma oudemansi (Neumann, 1910) were collected in Papua New Guinea from an endangered monotreme, Zaglossus bruijni (Peters & Doria), the western long-beaked echidna. These ticks were compared morphologically and molecularly with species formerly assigned to Aponomma Neumann, 1899 (now included in Bothriocroton Keirans, King, & Sharrad, 1994 or Amblyomma Koch, 1844), and a phylogeny was generated. Based on our results, we reassign this tick to Bothriocroton, as B. oudemansi (Neumann, 1910) n. comb. Original descriptions are provided for the female and the nymph of this species and the male is redescribed. A revised list of all Bothriocroton records and holdings in the US National Tick Collection is also provided. PMID:18210218
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zoreda, Margaret Lee
This paper forms part of an investigation about how the philosophy of John Dewey (1859-1952) can illuminate the practice of the teaching of English as a foreign language. The paper seeks to interpret and synthesize John Dewey's philosophical works to construct a "Deweyian lens" with which to analyze and evaluate the field of the teaching of…
SETI group let by Barney Oliver, John Wolfe and John Billingham (in middle standing) lead a 1976
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1976-01-01
SETI group let by Barney Oliver, John Wolfe and John Billingham (in middle standing) lead a 1976 discussion on the best strategies in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. Joining the discussion are L-R; Charles Seeger, Dario Black, Mary Connors, (Oliver, Wolfe, Billingham) and Larry Lesyna, (seated) Mark Stull.
The Trieste Lecture of John Stewart Bell
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bassi, Angelo; Carlo Ghirardi, Gian
2007-03-01
Delivered at Trieste on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, 2 November 1989 The video of this lecture is available here. Please see the PDF for the transcript of the lecture. General remarks by Angelo Bassi and GianCarlo Ghirardi During the autumn of 1989 the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, celebrated the 25th anniversary of its creation. Among the many prestigious speakers, who delivered extremely interesting lectures on that occasion, was the late John Stewart Bell. All lectures have been recorded on tape. We succeeded in getting a copy of John's lecture. In the lecture, many of the arguments that John had lucidly stressed in his writings appear once more, but there are also extremely interesting new remarks which, to our knowledge, have not been presented elsewhere. In particular he decided, as pointed out by the very choice of the title of his lecture, to call attention to the fact that the theory presents two types of difficulties, which Dirac classified as first and second class. The former are those connected with the so-called macro-objectification problem, the latter with the divergences characterizing relativistic quantum field theories. Bell describes the precise position of Dirac on these problems and he stresses appropriately how, contrary to Dirac's hopes, the steps which have led to a partial overcoming of the second class difficulties have not helped in any way whatsoever to overcome those of the first class. He then proceeds to analyse the origin and development of the Dynamical Reduction Program and draws attention to the problems that still affect it, in particular that of a consistent relativistic generalization. When the two meetings Are there quantum jumps? and On the present status of Quantum Mechanics were organized in Trieste and Losinj (Croatia), on 5 10 September 2005, it occurred to us that this lecture, which has never been published, might represent an
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Behrndt, Jussi; Gesztesy, Fritz; Holden, Helge; Nichols, Roger
2016-09-01
We introduce a generalized index for certain meromorphic, unbounded, operator-valued functions. The class of functions is chosen such that energy parameter dependent Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps associated to uniformly elliptic partial differential operators, particularly, non-self-adjoint Schrödinger operators, on bounded Lipschitz domains, and abstract operator-valued Weyl-Titchmarsh M-functions and Donoghue-type M-functions corresponding to closed extensions of symmetric operators belong to it. The principal purpose of this paper is to prove index formulas that relate the difference of the algebraic multiplicities of the discrete eigenvalues of Robin realizations of non-self-adjoint Schrödinger operators, and more abstract pairs of closed operators in Hilbert spaces with the generalized index of the corresponding energy dependent Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps and abstract Weyl-Titchmarsh M-functions, respectively.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Volders, K.
2012-09-01
This paper concerns the numerical solution of the Black-Scholes PDE with a Neumann boundary condition on the right boundary. We consider finite difference schemes for the semi-discretization, which leads to a system of ODEs with corresponding matrix M. In this paper stability bounds for exp(tM) (t ≥ 0) are proved. A scaled version of the Euclidean norm, denoted by ‖ ṡ ‖H is considered. The advection and diffusion term of the PDE are analyzed separately. It turns out that the Neumann boundary condition leads to a growth of ‖exp(tM)‖H with the number of grid points m for the pure advection problem.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Holota, Petr; Nesvadba, Otakar
2015-04-01
In this paper the reciprocal distance is used for generating Galerkin's approximations in the weak solution of Neumann's problem that has an important role in Earth's gravity field studies. The reciprocal distance has a natural tie to the fundamental solution of Laplace's partial differential equation and in the paper it is represented by means of an expansion into a series of oblate spheroidal harmonics. Subsequently, the gradient vector of the reciprocal distance is constructed. In the computation of its components the expansion mentioned above is employed. The paper then focuses on the scalar product of reciprocal distance gradients in two different points and in particular on a series representation of a volume integral of the scalar product spread over an unbounded domain given by the exterior of an oblate spheroid (oblate ellipsoid of revolution). The integral yields the entries of Galerkin's matrix. The numerical interpretation of all the expansions used as well as the respective software implementation within the OpenCL framework is treated, which concerns also a numerical evaluation of Legendre functions of a real and an imaginary argument. In parallel an approximate closed formula expressing the entries of Galerkin's matrix (with an accuracy up to terms multiplied by the square of numerical eccentricity) is derived for convenience and comparison. The paper is added extensive numerical examples that illustrate the approach applied and demonstrate the accuracy of the derived formulas. Aspects related to practical applications are discussed.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Monticelli, Dario D.; Rodney, Scott
2015-10-01
In this paper we study existence and spectral properties for weak solutions of Neumann and Dirichlet problems associated with second order linear degenerate elliptic partial differential operators X with rough coefficients, of the form X = - div (P∇) + HR +S‧ G + F, where the n × n matrix function P = P (x) is nonnegative definite and allowed to degenerate, R, S are families of subunit vector fields, G, H are vector valued functions and F is a scalar function. We operate in a geometric homogeneous space setting and we assume the validity of certain Sobolev and Poincaré inequalities related to a symmetric nonnegative definite matrix of weights Q = Q (x) that is comparable to P; we do not assume that the underlying measure is doubling. We give a maximum principle for weak solutions of Xu ≤ 0, and we follow this with a result describing a relationship between compact projection of the degenerate Sobolev space QH 1, p, related to the matrix of weights Q, into Lq and a Poincaré inequality with gain adapted to Q.
Barbieri, Fábio S; Brito, Luciana G; Labruna, Marcelo B; Barros-Battesti, Darci M; Camargo, Luis Marcelo A; Famadas, Kátia M
2013-12-01
The larval stage of Amblyomma calcaratum Neumann is described using optical and scanning electron microscopy. Unfed larvae were obtained from a colony of A. calcaratum originating from engorged females collected on Tamandua tetradactyla in the Jaraguá Mountain (23°40'S, 45°44'W), São Paulo County, Brazil. Eleven larvae were prepared and mounted on slides and observed under a light microscope equipped with a drawing tube. Three specimens were prepared for SEM. Several morphological characters are described, including the chaetotaxy of the idiosoma, palpi, and Haller's organ, as well as morphological features of the idiosoma, gnathosoma, and legs of A. calcaratum larvae. In addition, topographical and numerical patterns of integumentary structures on the larval idiosoma are described using a recently proposed nomenclature. On the idiosoma, setaes, lyrifissures, small glands, and large wax glands were found. These structures were observed isolated or associated over the entire idiosoma, except on the scutum, which lacks large wax glands. The topographical and numerical patterns of integumentary structures of the A. calcaratum larva showed only minor differences when compared with patterns of other Amblyomma larvae; however, a few key features can be used to differentiate A. calcaratum from other members of this genus. PMID:24169118
Obituary: John Norris Bahcall, 1934-2005
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Striker, Jeremiah P.; Bahcall, Neta A.
2007-12-01
John Norris Bahcall, one of the most creative and influential astrophysicists of his generation — a scientist who helped prove what makes the Sun shine and helped make the Hubble Space Telescope a reality — passed away in Pasadena, California, on 17 August 2005. Bahcall died peacefully in his sleep from a rare blood disorder. For the past 35 years, Bahcall was the Richard Black Professor of Natural Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, where he created one of the leading astrophysics programs in the world. Active and working to the end, Bahcall said that he was always grateful for a full and happy life that exceeded his wildest expectations. Bahcall died as he lived, surrounded by the family he loved, embracing life to its fullest, happy, working and joking to the end. Bahcall's stellar career encompassed seminal contributions in numerous fields of astrophysics as well as extraordinary leadership on behalf of the scientific community, including the American Astronomical Society, the American Physical Society, the National Academy of Sciences, NASA, and Congress. Bahcall's contributions made him one of the scientific leaders of his time. He had been recognized by numerous awards including the 1998 National Medal of Science from President Clinton, the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, the Medal of the Swedish Royal Academy, the Dan David Award, the Fermi Award, the first Hans Bethe Prize, the Franklin Medal, the Comstock Prize in physics, NASA's Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, NASA's Distinguished Public Service Medal, and the top awards of the American Astronomical Society — including the Russell Award, the Heineman Prize, and the Warner Prize. Bahcall was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1976 and to the American Philosophical Society in 2001. He was the recipient of Honorary Degrees from numerous universities around the world. Bahcall's scientific interests and expertise ranged from neutrino
Dr. Wernher von Braun in his Office
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1960-01-01
Dr. Wernher von Braun is in his office, with an artist's concept of a lunar lander in background and models of Mercury-Redstone, Juno, and Saturn I. Dr. Wernher von Braun, the first MSFC Director, led a team of German rocket scientists, called the Rocket Team, to the United States, first to Fort Bliss/White Sands, later being transferred to the Army Ballistic Missile Agency at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. They were further transferred to the newly established NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama in 1960, and Dr. von Braun became the first Center Director.
John Dique: dialysis pioneer and political advocate.
George, Charles R P
2016-02-01
John Dique (1915-1995) epitomized the internationalism of medicine, the intellectual and manual dexterity of many pioneers of dialysis, and the social concern evinced by many nephrologists. Born in Burma of French, German, British and Indian ancestry; educated in India; an Anglo-Indian who described himself as British without ever having visited Britain; he moved to Australia in 1948 to escape the murderous inter-ethnic conflict that befell multicultural India as it and Pakistan became independent. Settling in Brisbane, he pioneered several novel medical techniques. After inventing some simple equipment to facilitate intravenous therapy, he established a neonatal exchange blood transfusion programme. Then, between 1954 and 1963, he personally constructed and operated two haemodialysis machines with which to treat patients suffering from acute renal failure, the first such treatment performed in Australasia. His patients survival results were, for the era, remarkable. He subsequently helped found the Royal Australasian College of Pathologists and went on to establish a successful private pathology practice. The latter years of his life, however, saw him become a social and political advocate. He fiercely opposed the emerging ideologies of multiculturalism and social liberalism that, he predicted, would seriously damage the national fabric of Western society. Public vilification ensued, his medical achievements disregarded. It does seem likely, however, that in none of the areas that he touched - whether medical, social, or political - has the last word yet been said. PMID:26913881
John Beebe in conversation with Beverley Zabriskie.
Beebe, John; Zabriskie, Beverley
2011-06-01
John Beebe speaks with Beverley Zabriskie about the central motifs of his life and depth psychological experience, and how these informed his choice of vocation as psychiatrist, Jungian analyst, educator and author. Dr. Beebe narrates how he moved beyond the fate assigned the son of a needy mother and abandoning father. He illustrates how the role his family expected him to fill constellated archetypal motifs--the magical or divine curative child, the whiz kid--from which he had then to disidentify for the sake of becoming an individual with a personal voice and capacity to express his own true values. He tells of his differentiation and search for completion through the perspective of Jung's psychological types theory. He also reflects on the evolution of Jungian analytic theory and practice generally, his editorship of the JAP and the San Francisco Jung Institute Library Journal, his confrontation with analytic homophobia, and the emerging quality of professional and personal relationships in relation to ethics and to love. He assesses Jung's courage and integrity as displayed through the release of Jung's Red Book, and his own quest for an organic and psychological moral stance expressed in his benchmark book, Integrity in Depth. PMID:21675988
PREFACE: John Desmond Bernal: Science and Society
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Casey, Vincent
2007-02-01
This meeting, held in the Limerick Institute of Technology, on Thursday 1 June 2006, was organised by the Munster Group of the Institute of Physics in Ireland to commemorate the life and work of John Desmond Bernal. Bernal, was born in Nenagh in 1901. Alan Mackay, who worked with Bernal at Birkbeck College coins the word 'Polytropic' to describe Bernal. He was active and hugely influential in a wide range of areas such as science, politics and society, and was instrumental in the creation of whole new areas of intellectual endeavour such as the 'science of science', molecular biology, and operations research. Andrew Brown's analogy for Bernal's mind is that 'it was like a diamond—beautifully structured, multifaceted and dazzling to behold'. In relation to Bernal, Helena Sheehan states that: 'His legacy is complex. All the more so because he was marxist in philosophy, communist in politics, polyamorous in sexuality.'. Like religion, these are areas that conventional scientists tend to shy away from or at the very least consign to very separate and often neglected 'compartments'. According to Sheehan, 'Bernal came to marxism seriously and intelligently. He found in its philosophical framework a structure in which he could live, think, create, pursue science, act politically and develop further. It opened him radically to the world, rather than closing him down or constricting him, as critics imply.'. And his contributions to science and to society are significant and enduring. Just two areas of 'his science' were addressed in some detail at this meeting. Martin Caffrey treats the area of structural biology in the context of modern developments but focusing on Bernal's role in its evolution. John Finney gives an account of Bernal's 'two bouts of activity' on the structure of water and as Bernal's last PhD student he gives unique insights on how Bernal worked and why he 'did science'. Bernal writes in response to a well wisher on his 70th birthday: 'I am sure that
John Wheeler, 1933 - 1959: Particles and Weapons
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ford, Kenneth
2009-05-01
During the early part of his career, John Archibald Wheeler made an astonishing number of contributions to nuclear and particle physics, as well as to classical electrodynamics, often in collaboration with another physicist. He was also a major contributor to the Manhattan Project (in Chicago and Hanford rather than Los Alamos), and, following World War II, became an influential scientific cold warrior. His early achievements in physics include the calculated scattering of light by light (with Gregory Breit), the prediction of nuclear rotational states (with Edward Teller), the theory of fission (with Niels Bohr), action-at-a-distance electrodynamics (with Richard Feynman), the theory of positronium, the universal weak interaction (with Jayme Tiomno), and the proposed use of the muon as a nuclear probe particle. He gained modest fame as the person who identified xenon 135 as a reactor poison. His Project Matterhorn contributed significantly to the design of the H bomb, and his Project 137, which he had hoped would flower into a major defense lab, served as the precursor to the Jason group.
Did John B. Watson Really "Found" Behaviorism?
Malone, John C
2014-05-01
Developments culminating in the nineteenth century, along with the predictable collapse of introspective psychology, meant that the rise of behavioral psychology was inevitable. In 1913, John B. Watson was an established scientist with impeccable credentials who acted as a strong and combative promoter of a natural science approach to psychology when just such an advocate was needed. He never claimed to have founded "behavior psychology" and, despite the acclaim and criticism attending his portrayal as the original behaviorist, he was more an exemplar of a movement than a founder. Many influential writers had already characterized psychology, including so-called mental activity, as behavior, offered many applications, and rejected metaphysical dualism. Among others, William Carpenter, Alexander Bain, and (early) Sigmund Freud held views compatible with twentieth-century behaviorism. Thus, though Watson was the first to argue specifically for psychology as a natural science, behaviorism in both theory and practice had clear roots long before 1913. If behaviorism really needs a "founder," Edward Thorndike might seem more deserving, because of his great influence and promotion of an objective psychology, but he was not a true behaviorist for several important reasons. Watson deserves the fame he has received, since he first made a strong case for a natural science (behaviorist) approach and, importantly, he made people pay attention to it. PMID:27274955
John Bardeen and the theory of superconductivity
Schrieffer, J.R. )
1992-04-01
Bardeen's knowledge of the experimental data had bounded the theory of superconductivity quite tightly before B, C and S developed their theory. When one speaks with John Bardeen's friends about him, one frequently hears words such as brilliant, quiet, persistent, generous, visionary, athletic, kind, thoughtful and remarkable. It is the author's good fortune to have the chance to recount some incidents from his life that are connected with the theory of superconductivity. This article draws on the author's personal memories; his many other friends and colleagues will set down their own recollections elsewhere. The evolution of the microscopic theory of superconductivity closely parallels the scientific life of Joh Bardeen. Starting with his PhD dissertation, done under the guidance of Eugene Wigner, he spent much of his life developing an understanding of electron interaction effects and transport properties of metals, semiconductors and superconductors. His fascination with the remarkable phenomenon of superconductivity goes back to his graduate student days at Princeton. Although interrupted during the war years and in the late 1940's at Bell Labs, he returned to this perplexing topic when he moved to the University of Illinois in 1951. 20 refs., 7 figs.
An Early Astronomical Observation by John Goodricke
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
French, Linda M.
2009-12-01
John Goodricke (1764-1786) is one of the most intriguing and enigmatic figures in the history of astronomy. Deaf from the age of five, his observations of the light variation of Algol brought him acclaim and the Copley Medal of the Royal Society by the age of nineteen. Together with his neighbor, mentor, and distant relative Edward Pigott, he went on to discover and quantify the light variations of other stars, including Delta Cephei. Goodricke's careful accounts of his observations, and their accuracy, remain a model of clear scientific thinking and reporting. His final derived value for the time between eclipse minima for Algol, for example, is within eight seconds of the modern value. Goodricke's astronomical observing career is generally thought to have begun with his return to his family home in York in 1781 at the age of seventeen. His school mathematics notebook and workbook from the Warrington Academy, however, contains a detailed drawing of the sky which suggest that he was already a knowledgable observer by the age of fifteen. This drawing is presented and interpreted.
Renaturierung und Management von Heiden
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Härdtle, Werner; Assmann, Thorsten; van Diggelen, Rudy; von Oheimb, Goddert
Heiden zählen zu den ältesten und besonders reizvollen Kulturlandschaften Nordwesteuropas. Sie sind bezeichnend für nährstoffarme Böden in wintermilden Gebieten mit hohen Sommerniederschlägen. Während Heiden vor wenigen Jahrhunderten noch weit verbreitet und für manche Landschaften sogar prägend waren, hat sich ihr Areal heute auf wenige, meist in Naturschutzgebieten gelegene Restbestände verkleinert. Zu diesem Rückgang haben maßgeblich Änderungen der Landnutzung, aber auch Nährstoffeinträge aus umgebenden Agrarflächen und atmogene Depositionen beigetragen. In den meisten Ländern der Europäischen Union sind Heiden heute gesetzlich geschützte Ökosysteme, da diese, neben ihrem Erholungswert für den Menschen, Pflanzen- und Tierarten beherbergen, die außerhalb von Heiden nicht oder kaum überlebensfähig sind.
Dr. John Frederick May and the identification of John Wilkes Booth's body.
Spiegel, A D
1998-10-01
Shortly after President Abraham Lincoln's assassin was killed on April 26, 1865, a formal inquest was held to positively identify the body. Dr. John Frederick May, a leading surgeon in the District of Columbia, was summoned to examine the remains. Two years earlier, Dr. May had removed a fibroid tumor from the back of the assassin's neck and an identifiable large ugly scar resulted when the wound inadvertently opened and healed by granulation. Based upon the recognition of the scar made by his scalpel, Dr. May made a positive identification. PMID:9793835
Diagnosis of von Willebrand disease.
Ingerslev, J; Gürsel, T
1999-05-01
The haemorrhagic diathesis in von Willebrand disease (vWD) is caused by a quantitative deficiency or a qualitative defect in the von Willebrand factor (vWF) in plasma and/or platelets causing insufficient primary haemostasis. Since vWF binds and protects factor VIII (FVIII) towards random proteolysis, coagulation may also be impaired in patients with a low plasma level of vWF, and in instances where vWF displays insufficient binding capacity to FVIII. The entity of vWD displays a vast heterogeneity. Apart from rarely occurring acquired cases, vWD is an inherited disorder of autosomal linkage. The major clinical hallmark in vWD is an increased tendency to mucocutaneous bleeding that rarely reach life-threatening proportions, unless vWF is severely reduced or completely absent. Increased bleeding may also occur in sites such as muscles and joints when the level of FVIII is particularly low. Significant progress has recently been achieved through extensive molecular genetic exploration of various forms of vWD. In order to guide treatment and to form a platform for genetic investigation, however, accuracy in diagnosis and phenotypic characterization is important. By means of various laboratory methods, major subclasses of vWD can be differentiated, as presented in another article of this series. Whereas most of the cases of vWD can quite easily be diagnosed and classified using today's diagnostic methods, the most frequently occurring bleeding disorder of all, vWd type 1 of mild degree, continues to challenge clinicians and diagnostic laboratories. The aim of this paper is to review the laboratory methods most commonly used in diagnostic investigation of the patient suspected of vWD. PMID:23401900
8. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March ...
8. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March 22, 1937 9:40 A.M. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST (front). - Timothy Caldwell House, 2017 "Eye" Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
9. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March ...
9. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March 22, 1937 10:00 A.M. DETAIL OF ENTRANCE (south elevation). - Timothy Caldwell House, 2017 "Eye" Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
10. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March ...
10. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March 22, 1937 10:10 A.M. DETAIL OF ARCH. - Timothy Caldwell House, 2017 "Eye" Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
7. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March ...
7. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March 22, 1937 9:30 A.M. VIEW FROM SOUTH (front). - Timothy Caldwell House, 2017 "Eye" Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
11. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March ...
11. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March 22, 1937 10:20 A.M. DETAIL OF SHOE SCRAPER. - Timothy Caldwell House, 2017 "Eye" Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
Explicating Our Tacit Tradition: John Dewey and Composition Studies.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fishman, Stephen M.
1993-01-01
Reviews basic concepts and history of the educational thought of John Dewey. Argues for the implications for composition studies of three of Dewey's principles. Constructs a Deweyan approach to composition and compares it with that proposed by Peter Elbow. (HB)
Astronaut John Glenn in a State of Weightlessness During Friendship
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1962-01-01
Astronaut John Glenn photographed in space by an automatic sequence motion picture camera during his flight on 'Friendship 7.' Glenn was in a state of weightlessness traveling at 17,500 mph as these pictures were taken.
Astronaut John Glenn dons space suit during preflight operations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1964-01-01
Astronaut John Glenn dons space suit during preflight operations at Cape Canaveral, February 20, 1962, the day he flew his Mercury-Atlas 6 spacecraft, Friendship 7, into orbital flight around the Earth.
21. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup Nov. 17, ...
21. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup Nov. 17, 1936 10:00 A.M. DETAIL OF INTERIOR SIDE OF ENTRANCE DOOR - The Maples, 630 South Carolina Avenue Southeast, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
24. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer Nov. ...
24. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer Nov. 17, 1936 9:40 A.M. DETAIL OF DOOR TO BALL ROOM (OR MUSIC ROOM) - The Maples, 630 South Carolina Avenue Southeast, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
22. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer Nov. ...
22. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer Nov. 17, 1936 9:10 A.M. DETAIL OF STAIR -- Entrance Hall. - The Maples, 630 South Carolina Avenue Southeast, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
23. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer Nov. ...
23. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer Nov. 17, 1936 9:30 A.M. SOUTHWEST CORNER OF SOUTHEAST ROOM (DRAWING ROOM) - The Maples, 630 South Carolina Avenue Southeast, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
6. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer September ...
6. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer September 17, 1936 VIEW FROM NORTHEAST (front) - Wheat Row, 1315-1321 Fourth Street Southwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer September ...
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer September 17, 1936 10:45 A. M. VIEW OF 1315 4th St., S. W., FROM NORTHEAST (front) - Wheat Row, 1315 Fourth Street Southwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer December ...
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer December 29, 1936 10:45 A. M. DETAIL OF MANTEL, 1321 HOUSE, SECOND FLOOR FRONT ROOM NORTH WALL - Wheat Row, 1321 Fourth Street Southwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
The Ecological Perspective in John Dewey's Philosophy of Education.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Colwell, Tom
1985-01-01
This paper offers an interpretation of John Dewey's educational thought from an ecological point of view, i.e., one which sees educational activity as an interrelationship between human organisms and social environment and the nonhuman biophysical environment. (MT)
NES Live Video Chat: Dr. John C. Mather
NES welcomed Nobel Prize winner Dr. John C. Mather for a video webchat on May 17, 2011. He spoke about the James Webb Space Telescope and how it gives us a look into the past to see how galaxies ha...
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES ...
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL WEST ELEVATION FROM PARKING LOT ACROSS SPRING STREET, FACING EAST. - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES ...
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL TENTH FLOOR SOUTH WING CAFETERIA FOOD LINE, FACING NORTH - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA
4. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March ...
4. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March 4, 1937 2:15 P.M. VIEW FROM NORTHWEST. - REAR - National Zoological Park, Holt House, Adams Mill Road Vicinity, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
2. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March ...
2. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March 4, 1937 1:45 P.M. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST (front). - National Zoological Park, Holt House, Adams Mill Road Vicinity, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
3. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March ...
3. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March 4, 1937 2:00 P.M. VIEW FROM WEST. - REAR - National Zoological Park, Holt House, Adams Mill Road Vicinity, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer October ...
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer October 20, 1936 3:20 P. M. VIEW OF MILLER'S HOUSE FROM SOUTH (front) - Miller's House, East Randolph Road, Colesville, Montgomery County, MD
Astronaut John Glenn running as part of physical training program
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1964-01-01
Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., pilot of the Mercury-Atlas 6 mission, participates in a strict physical training program, as he exemplifies by frequent running. Here he pauses during an exercise period on the beach near Cape Canaveral, Florida.
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES ...
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL NINTH FLOOR NORTH OFFICE WING SHOWING PARTITIONS, WINDOWS AND RADIATOR, FACING EAST - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA
John Ash, ALA., Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES ...
John Ash, ALA., Photographer August 1997. VIEW OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL NINTH FLOOR NORTH OFFICE WING SHOWING PARTITIONS, WINDOWS AND RADIATOR, FACING SOUTHWEST - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES ...
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL TENTH FLOOR NORTH OFFICE WING SHOWING RADIATOR AND WINDOW, FACING EAST - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA
Astronaut John Young in Command Module Simulator during Apollo Simulation
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1968-01-01
Astronaut John W. Young, command module pilot, inside the Command Module Simulator in bldg 5 during an Apollo Simulation. Astronauts Thomas P. Stafford, commander and Eugene A. Cernan, lunar module pilot are out of the view.
John White on Philosophy of Education and Philosophy
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Siegel, Harvey
2014-01-01
John White offers a provocative characterization of philosophy of education. In this brief reaction, I evaluate the characterization and urge the maintenance of a strong connection between philosophy of education and philosophy.
2. HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY JOHN R. KELLEY PHOTOGRAPHER ...
2. HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY JOHN R. KELLEY - PHOTOGRAPHER - MARCH 16, 1934 VIEW OF NORTH SIDE - Whitewater Canal Aqueduct, Spanning Duck Creek, Whitewater Canal (carried over creek) (Changed from Duck Creek), Metamora, Franklin County, IN
3. HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY JOHN R. KELLEY PHOTOGRAPHER ...
3. HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY JOHN R. KELLEY - PHOTOGRAPHER - MARCH 16, 1934 INTERIOR SHOWING SOUTH TRUSS - Whitewater Canal Aqueduct, Spanning Duck Creek, Whitewater Canal (carried over creek) (Changed from Duck Creek), Metamora, Franklin County, IN
4. HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY JOHN R. KELLEY PHOTOGRAPHER ...
4. HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY JOHN R. KELLEY - PHOTOGRAPHER - MARCH 16, 1934 DETAIL OF NORTHWEST CORNER - Whitewater Canal Aqueduct, Spanning Duck Creek, Whitewater Canal (carried over creek) (Changed from Duck Creek), Metamora, Franklin County, IN
1. HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY JOHN R. KELLEY PHOTOGRAPHER ...
1. HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY JOHN R. KELLEY - PHOTOGRAPHER - MARCH 16, 1934 GENERAL VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST - Whitewater Canal Aqueduct, Spanning Duck Creek, Whitewater Canal (carried over creek) (Changed from Duck Creek), Metamora, Franklin County, IN
20. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April ...
20. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April 20, 1936 1:40 P.M. DETAIL OF MANTEL, NORTHWEST BEDROOM, EAST WALL. - Mount Lubentia, 601 Largo Road, Largo, Prince George's County, MD
35. Photocopied July 1978. (MTU, John F. Campbell Collection) VIEW ...
35. Photocopied July 1978. (MTU, John F. Campbell Collection) VIEW LOOKING NORTH SHOWING NO. 6 SHAFT-ROCKHOUSE. NOTE STEEL BATTER BRACE THAT HAS BEEN ADDED. 1912. - Quincy Mining Company, Hancock, Houghton County, MI
5. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
5. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 5, 1936 11:05 A. M. DETAIL OF SOUTH EAST WALL OF LIVING ROOM. - Cherry Grove, 17530 New Hampshire Avenue (State Route 650), Ashton, Montgomery County, MD
2. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
2. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 5, 1936 11:10 A. M. VIEW FROM NORTHEAST (front) - Cherry Grove, 17530 New Hampshire Avenue (State Route 650), Ashton, Montgomery County, MD
6. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
6. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 5, 1936 10:50 A. M. DETAIL OF KITCHEN FIREPLACE - SOUTHEAST WALL - Cherry Grove, 17530 New Hampshire Avenue (State Route 650), Ashton, Montgomery County, MD
4. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
4. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 5, 1936 11:15 A. M. VIEW FROM NORTHWEST - Cherry Grove, 17530 New Hampshire Avenue (State Route 650), Ashton, Montgomery County, MD
3. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August ...
3. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer August 5, 1936 10:30 A. M. VIEW FROM EAST. - Cherry Grove, 17530 New Hampshire Avenue (State Route 650), Ashton, Montgomery County, MD
9. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November ...
9. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November 25, 1936 11:25 A. M. DETAIL OF STONE WORK AND WINDOWS, SOUTH ELEVATION. - After Restoration - Pierce Mill, Tilden Street & Beach Drive Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
8. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November ...
8. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November 25, 1936 10:45 A. M. VIEW FROM FRONT (EAST?) - After Restoration - Pierce Mill, Tilden Street & Beach Drive Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
11. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November ...
11. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November 25,1936 10:00 A. M. VIEW FROM REAR (EAST?). - After Restoration - Pierce Mill, Tilden Street & Beach Drive Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
10. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November ...
10. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November 25, 1936 11:10 A. M. VIEW FROM NORTHEAST - After Restoration - Pierce Mill, Tilden Street & Beach Drive Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
14. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November ...
14. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November 25, 1936 10:55 A. M. DETAIL OF WATER WHEEL (Modern Restoration) - Pierce Mill, Tilden Street & Beach Drive Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
12. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November ...
12. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer November 25,1936 10:30 A. M. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST? - After Restoration - Pierce Mill, Tilden Street & Beach Drive Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
10. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer October ...
10. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer October 19, 1936 1:40 P. M. DETAIL OF MUSIC CLOSET, MUSIC ROOM, NORTHEAST CORNER. - Grayhaven Manor, State Route 109 Vicinity, Poolesville, Montgomery County, MD
6. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer September ...
6. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer September 4, 1936 10:50 A. M. VIEW OF SLAVE QUARTERS FROM SOUTHWEST (front.) - Rock Hall & Slave Quarters, Dickerson, Montgomery County, MD
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES ...
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL NINTH FLOOR NORTH CORRIDOR STAIR NUMBER NINE DOOR HARDWARE, FACING WEST. - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA
9. Photocopy of 1867 stereograph. Original in library of John ...
9. Photocopy of 1867 stereograph. Original in library of John S. Lehmann Building, Missouri Botanical Garden. VIEW FROM NORTHWEST - Missouri Botanical Garden, Museum, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO
12. Photocopy of 1889 photograph. Original in library of John ...
12. Photocopy of 1889 photograph. Original in library of John S. Lehmann Building, Missouri Botanical Garden. HENRY SHAW LYING IN STATE, SHOWING STAIRWAY BEFORE ALTERATION - Missouri Botanical Garden, Museum, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO
13. Photocopy of 1931 photograph. Original in library of John ...
13. Photocopy of 1931 photograph. Original in library of John S. Lehmann Building, Missouri Botanical Garden. VIEW SHOWING ALTERED STAIRWAY AND ADDED COLUMNS - Missouri Botanical Garden, Museum, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO
10. Photocopy of 1867 photograph. Original in library of John ...
10. Photocopy of 1867 photograph. Original in library of John S. Lehmann Building,Missouri Botanical Garden. VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST, SHOWING ORIGINAL SOUTH DOOR TREATMENT - Missouri Botanical Garden, Museum, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO
14. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April ...
14. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April 6, 1936 11:45 A. M. VIEW FROM WEST (front) - Thomas Law House, 1252 Sixth Street Southwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
16. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March ...
16. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer March 2, 1937 10:00 A. M. DETAIL OF CORNICE. - Thomas Law House, 1252 Sixth Street Southwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
2. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April ...
2. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April 30, 1936 10:50 A. M. VIEW FROM NORTH. - Parthenon Manor, Edmonston Road (State Route 450 Vicinity), Bladensburg, Prince George's County, MD
3. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April ...
3. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April 30, 1936 10:40 A. M. ONE-HALF VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST. - Parthenon Manor, Edmonston Road (State Route 450 Vicinity), Bladensburg, Prince George's County, MD
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April ...
1. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April 30, 1936 2:35 P. M. VIEW FROM WEST (front) - Parthenon Manor, Edmonston Road (State Route 450 Vicinity), Bladensburg, Prince George's County, MD
4. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April ...
4. Historic American Buildings Survey John O. Brostrup, Photographer April 30, 1935 10:45 P.M. ONE-HALF VIEW FORM SOUTHEAST. - Parthenon Manor, Edmonston Road (State Route 450 Vicinity), Bladensburg, Prince George's County, MD
15. Photocopy of unexecuted competition drawing signed 'John Notman, Architect, ...
15. Photocopy of unexecuted competition drawing signed 'John Notman, Architect, Philadelphia', circa 1854, from Historical Society of Pennsylvania), EAST ELEVATION - American Academy of Music, 232-246 South Broad Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES ...
John Ash, AIA, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL THIRD FLOOR CITY COUNCIL CHAMBERS SHOWING COLUMN, ARCADE AND SPECTATOR SEATING, FACING SOUTHWEST. - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA