Science.gov

Sample records for joint force air

  1. What It Takes. Air Force Command of Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Iraq Assistance Group IDE intermediate developmental education IO international organization ISAF International Security and Assistance Force ISR...Operations Table A.1—Continued Joint Task Force Mission/Operation Start End Service Command Rank JTF–Joint Area Support Group (JASG) Iraqi Freedom...be of interest to a wide group of Air Force personnel involved in the development and func- tion of the service’s command organizations, including

  2. Forced-Air Warming Discontinued: Periprosthetic Joint Infection Rates Drop.

    PubMed

    Augustine, Scott D

    2017-06-23

    Several studies have shown that the waste heat from forced-air warming (FAW) escapes near the floor and warms the contaminated air resident near the floor. The waste heat then forms into convection currents that rise up and contaminate the sterile field above the surgical table. It has been shown that a single airborne bacterium can cause a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following joint replacement surgery. We retrospectively compared PJI rates during a period of FAW to a period of air-free conductive fabric electric warming (CFW) at three hospitals. Surgical and antibiotic protocols were held constant. The pooled multicenter data showed a decreased PJI rate of 78% following the discontinuation of FAW and a switch to air-free CFW (n=2034; P=0.002). The 78% reduction in joint implant infections observed when FAW was discontinued suggests that there is a link between the waste FAW heat and PJIs.

  3. Forced-Air Warming Discontinued: Periprosthetic Joint Infection Rates Drop

    PubMed Central

    Augustine, Scott D.

    2017-01-01

    Several studies have shown that the waste heat from forced-air warming (FAW) escapes near the floor and warms the contaminated air resident near the floor. The waste heat then forms into convection currents that rise up and contaminate the sterile field above the surgical table. It has been shown that a single airborne bacterium can cause a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following joint replacement surgery. We retrospectively compared PJI rates during a period of FAW to a period of air-free conductive fabric electric warming (CFW) at three hospitals. Surgical and antibiotic protocols were held constant. The pooled multicenter data showed a decreased PJI rate of 78% following the discontinuation of FAW and a switch to air-free CFW (n=2034; P=0.002). The 78% reduction in joint implant infections observed when FAW was discontinued suggests that there is a link between the waste FAW heat and PJIs. PMID:28713524

  4. Rescuing Joint Personnel Recovery: Using Air Force Capability to Address Joint Shortfalls

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    of an IP, the IP is not successfully reintegrated or the lessons learned are not incorporated into other operations. Adversaries will benefit from...Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History , United States Air Force, 1980, 117. 47 Durant , Michael J. In the Company of Heroes, Penguin Group... Lessons Learned, 22 September 2005, 3. 2 US Joint Task Force Katrina. The Federal Response to Hurricane Katrina Lessons Learned, February 2006, 54

  5. A New Vector for Air Force Development of Joint Leaders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-26

    congressional sanction and a formal definition by the President, the JCS was comprised of the US counterparts to the British leaders of the army, navy, and...hostages held in the US Embassy in Tehran. The operation ended in disaster at the Desert One landing zone when a Navy helicopter piloted by marines...minded, critical thinkers.” The CJCS vision focuses building a pool of joint generalists by inculcation of jointness at the rank of colonel and

  6. Out of Joint: Independent Air Forces in Democratic Cultures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    28 Ian Drury , “Could this be the...America, 104. 31 Colin Clark, “JSF Costs Rocket 50 Percent,” DoD Buzz Online Defense and Acquisition Journal, http://www.dodbuzz.com/2010/03/11...Clark, Colin , “JSF Costs Rocket 50 Percent,” DoD Buzz Online Defense and Acquisition Journal. Corum, James, S., “The Myth of Air Control

  7. Final Environmental Assessment: Replacement Joint Force Headquarters Building, Hanscom Air Force Base Massachusetts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-22

    MANG and the Air Force. A public notice was published in the Boston Globe and the local papers for Lincoln, Concord, Bedford, and Lexington on December...industrial areas. The types of solid waste generated include food, various grades of office paper , newspaper, Final Environmental Assessment...gas ranges and dryers . Additionally, natural gas is consumed by various other facilities on base including the child care center, the Officer’s Club

  8. Creating Joint Leaders Today for a Successful Air Force Tomorrow (1REV)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-01

    armed force in the same grade and competitive category who are serving on, or have served on, the HQ staff of their armed force; and 2. Officers in the...period from the release of the promotion results and the pin-on date. 5 Department of the Air Force, HQ Air Force Personnel Center, Demographics and...2009), Section 619a. 9 ibid, Section 619a. 10 Department of the Air Force, HQ Air Force Personnel Center, A-1 Manpower Division. 11 Phone

  9. Spacecraft environmental interactions: A joint Air Force and NASA research and technology program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pike, C. P.; Purvis, C. K.; Hudson, W. R.

    1985-01-01

    A joint Air Force/NASA comprehensive research and technology program on spacecraft environmental interactions to develop technology to control interactions between large spacecraft systems and the charged-particle environment of space is described. This technology will support NASA/Department of Defense operations of the shuttle/IUS, shuttle/Centaur, and the force application and surveillance and detection missions, planning for transatmospheric vehicles and the NASA space station, and the AFSC military space system technology model. The program consists of combined contractual and in-house efforts aimed at understanding spacecraft environmental interaction phenomena and relating results of ground-based tests to space conditions. A concerted effort is being made to identify project-related environmental interactions of concern. The basic properties of materials are being investigated to develop or modify the materials as needed. A group simulation investigation is evaluating basic plasma interaction phenomena to provide inputs to the analytical modeling investigation. Systems performance is being evaluated by both groundbased tests and analysis.

  10. Strapping in and Bailing out: Navy and Air Force Joint Acquisition of Aircraft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-06-01

    Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of Defense were not pleased with the attempted shenanigans . With the rarely invoked contractor review...December 14, 1990. Tarascio, Colonel John R., Director of Budget & Appropriations Liaison, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force ( Financial Management

  11. Diversity within the Joint Team: Understanding the Different Operational Perspectives of the Army and Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-06

    potential of airpower. Mitchell carried the torch for these young airmen and had plans to develop a strategic bombing force, but the war ended...and ways they use to overcome the problems within their specific domains, the Army and Air Force have developed different operational perspectives...domains, the Army and Air Force have developed different operational perspectives. The differences would not matter if each conducted operations

  12. Pacific Air Forces > Home

    Science.gov Websites

    headquarters staff at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii, May 16, 2016. U.S. Air Force Maj. Gen. Russell L Tarin Punsri (center left), and attendees pose for a photo in the Courtyard of Heroes at Joint Base commander's call at Misawa Air Base, Japan, May 11, 2018. The general highlighted the strategic importance of

  13. Joint Task Force-Bravo

    Science.gov Websites

    Air Base Squadron Joint Security Forces Medical Element (MEDEL) JSB / ARFOR En Español Noticias Hojas to provide medical care in Waspam Call to Duty - Senior Airman Nicholas Carssow Operations Support JTF-Bravo partners with Nicaragua to provide medical care in Waspam JTF-Bravo partners with Nicaragua

  14. The Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System: Its Impact on Air Force Acquisition Thirteen Years Later

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-08-01

    area denial environments . Near peer adversaries continue to develop low observable aircraft , proliferate counter-precision guided munition systems ...when the Air Force had significantly more control over its requirements validation and acquisition processes. The only tactical aircraft currently in... systems such as the F-35A. Interestingly, upgrades to these previously fielded aircraft also take longer after JCIDS was implemented than it did to

  15. Air Force seal activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayhew, Ellen R.

    1994-07-01

    Seal technology development is an important part of the Air Force's participation in the Integrated High Performance Turbine Engine Technology (IHPTET) initiative, the joint DOD, NASA, ARPA, and industry endeavor to double turbine engine capabilities by the turn of the century. Significant performance and efficiency improvements can be obtained through reducing internal flow system leakage, but seal environment requirements continue to become more extreme as the engine thermodynamic cycles advance towards these IHPTET goals. Brush seal technology continues to be pursued by the Air Force to reduce leakage at the required conditions. Likewise, challenges in engine mainshaft air/oil seals are also being addressed. Counter-rotating intershaft applications within the IHPTET initiative involve very high rubbing velocities. This viewgraph presentation briefly describes past and current seal research and development programs and gives a summary of seal applications in demonstrator and developmental engine testing.

  16. Geodatabase of environmental information for Air Force Plant 4 and Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Carswell Field, Fort Worth, Texas, 1990-2004

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shah, Sachin D.; Quigley, Sean M.

    2005-01-01

    Air Force Plant 4 (AFP4) and adjacent Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base (NAS-JRB) at Fort Worth, Tex., constitute a government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) facility that has been in operation since 1942. Contaminants from the facility, primarily volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and metals, have entered the groundwater-flow system through leakage from waste-disposal sites (landfills and pits) and from manufacturing processes (U.S. Air Force, Aeronautical Systems Center, 1995). The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force (USAF), Aeronautical Systems Center, Environmental Management Directorate (ASC/ENVR), developed a comprehensive database (or geodatabase) of temporal and spatial environmental information associated with the geology, hydrology, and water quality at AFP4 and NAS-JRB. The database of this report provides information about the AFP4 and NAS-JRB study area including sample location names, identification numbers, locations, historical dates, and various measured hydrologic data. This database does not include every sample location at the site, but is limited to an aggregation of selected digital and hardcopy data of the USAF, USGS, and various consultants who have previously or are currently working at the site.

  17. Forced-air warming and ultra-clean ventilation do not mix: an investigation of theatre ventilation, patient warming and joint replacement infection in orthopaedics.

    PubMed

    McGovern, P D; Albrecht, M; Belani, K G; Nachtsheim, C; Partington, P F; Carluke, I; Reed, M R

    2011-11-01

    We investigated the capacity of patient warming devices to disrupt the ultra-clean airflow system. We compared the effects of two patient warming technologies, forced-air and conductive fabric, on operating theatre ventilation during simulated hip replacement and lumbar spinal procedures using a mannequin as a patient. Infection data were reviewed to determine whether joint infection rates were associated with the type of patient warming device that was used. Neutral-buoyancy detergent bubbles were released adjacent to the mannequin's head and at floor level to assess the movement of non-sterile air into the clean airflow over the surgical site. During simulated hip replacement, bubble counts over the surgical site were greater for forced-air than for conductive fabric warming when the anaesthesia/surgery drape was laid down (p = 0.010) and at half-height (p < 0.001). For lumbar surgery, forced-air warming generated convection currents that mobilised floor air into the surgical site area. Conductive fabric warming had no such effect. A significant increase in deep joint infection, as demonstrated by an elevated infection odds ratio (3.8, p = 0.024), was identified during a period when forced-air warming was used compared to a period when conductive fabric warming was used. Air-free warming is, therefore, recommended over forced-air warming for orthopaedic procedures.

  18. Environmental Assessment for the Joint Red Flag 󈧉 ADA Activities Nellis Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    range ratany (Krameria erecta), cheesebush (Hymenoclea salsola), Mormon tea ( Ephedra spp.), and spiny menodora (Menodora spinescens). Four- wing...rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis lutosus), gopher snake (Pituophis melanoleucus), side-blotched lizards (Uta stansburiana) and western whiptails...viscidiflorus Sticky rabbitbrush Chrysothamnus nauseosus Rubber rabbitbrush Coleogyne ramosissima Blackbrush Ephedra sp. Mormon tea JOINT RED FLAG

  19. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 1, Summer 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    Contributors Joint Force Quarterly A PROFESSIONAL MILITARY JOURNAL Editor-in-Chief Alvin H. Bernstein Executive Editor Patrick M. Cronin Managing Editor Robert...understanding of the integrated employ- ment of land, sea, air, space, and special operations forces. The journal focuses on joint doctrine, coalition...other agency of the Federal Government. Por- tions of this journal are protected by copyright and may not be reproduced or extracted without the

  20. B61 Joint Test Assembly (JTA) Weapons Systems Evaluation Program (WSEP) Eglin Air Force Base, FL Final Environmental Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    with TAs C-52A, C-52E, C-52N, and C-52W. It is used for air-to- ground munitions testing, countermeasures development and testing, and ground ...feet above ground level regardless of underlying land use . • Participating in “air shows” and fly-overs by U.S. Air Force aircraft at non-Air Force...Intermittent Intermittent 46 OSS Source : U.S. Government, 2001 Airway/Air Traffic Control The Warning Areas used by Eglin AFB are surrounded by

  1. Air Force TV

    Science.gov Websites

    Speeches Archive Former AF Top 3 Viewpoints and Speeches Air Force Warrior Games 2017 Events 2018 Air Force Strategic Documents Desert Storm 25th Anniversary Observances DoD Warrior Games Portraits in Courage

  2. Air Force Senior Leaders

    Science.gov Websites

    Speeches Archive Former AF Top 3 Viewpoints and Speeches Air Force Warrior Games 2017 Events 2018 Air Force Strategic Documents Desert Storm 25th Anniversary Observances DoD Warrior Games Portraits in Courage

  3. Air Force Radio News

    Science.gov Websites

    Speeches Archive Former AF Top 3 Viewpoints and Speeches Air Force Warrior Games 2017 Events 2018 Air Force Strategic Documents Desert Storm 25th Anniversary Observances DoD Warrior Games Portraits in Courage

  4. Air Force Leadership Diversity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-04-06

    AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE LEADERSHIP DIVERSITY by G. Hall Sebren, Jr., Col, USAF A Research Report Submitted to the...both in HAF/A8 (Strategic Plans and Programs). iv Abstract The Air Force is not drawing upon its full talent pool for leadership in its...promotions boards, but the Air Force promotion system itself is not the problem. Leadership decisions to only allow officers selected for promotion from

  5. The Air Force Handbook 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    sPEcIfIcATIOns Weight 51,000 lb. (22,950 kg ) Range 800 miles (695 nautical miles) Armament One 30 mm GAU-8/A seven-barrel Gatling gun with over 1,150...battlefield air and space profession- als who bring unequaled accuracy, responsiveness, flexibility, and persistence to the Joint warfight. LOSS Of...approximately $12.4 billion. This loss of buying power reduced Air Force Program content by an additional $10 billion per year. Base Realignment

  6. Air Force Research Laboratory

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-08

    Air Force Research Laboratory 8 June 2009 Mr. Leo Marple Ai F R h L b t r orce esearc a ora ory Leo.Marple@wpafb.af.mil DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A...TITLE AND SUBTITLE Air Force Research Laboratory 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER...5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Air Force Research Laboratory ,Wright

  7. Environmental Assessment: For Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS) at Multiple Test Ranges, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-01

    bed. This clay layer restricts the downward migration of pollutants and restricts saline water from Choctawhatchee Bay and the Gulf of Mexico from...Because it is saline , the Lower Limestone unit is not used as a water source (U.S. Air Force, 1995). Groundwater storage and movement in the Upper... purslane , among others. Inland from the produne zone is the “scrub” zone. Vegetation found in this zone is usually stunted and wind/salt sprayed

  8. Urban Joint Fire Support: Air Force Fixed-Wing and Army Field Artillery Precision Munitions Capabilities for Urban Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    of 2006, the GBU - 39 /B Small Diameter Bomb (SDB) was first employed by Air Force aircraft (Weisgerber 2006). This newly developed munition was...Vertical, Limited horizontal 500# Impact, Delay ≤ 3m GBU-38 JDAM GPS/INS Vertical, Horizontal 500# Proximity, Impact, Delay ~10m GBU - 39 /B...between 5 to 15 nautical miles, though LGB maximum employment range may be further limited by the need to acquire and lase the target. The GBU - 39 offers

  9. The Air Force Needs to Improve Cost-Effectiveness and Availability of the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Redacted)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-11-01

    Target Attack Radar System Objective We determined whether the Air Force made cost-effective purchases on the performance-based logistics contract to... contract to Northrop Grumman Corporation to provide Total System Support Responsibility services to sustain 16 E-8C JSTARS aircraft. These services...customer support. The Total System Support Responsibility contract is valued at $7 billion, with a 6-year base period and 16 annual contract option

  10. An Evolving Joint Acquisition Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-03-19

    COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE An Evolving Joint Acquisition Force 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ...Theodore Jennings 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Army War...College,Carlisle Barracks,Carlisle,PA,17013-5050 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10

  11. Command and Control for Joint Air Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-12

    systems, to include collaborative air planning tools such as the theater battle management core system ( TBMCS ). Operational level air planning occurs in...sight communications and data exchange equipment in order to respond to joint force requirements. For example, the TBMCS is often used. The use of ATO...generation and dissemination software portions of TBMCS has been standardized. This ATO feature allows the JAOC to be interoperable with other

  12. Air Force Reserve Command

    Science.gov Websites

    Page Get One Now AFR Mission and Vision Statement Social Media Facebook Logo #AlwaysThere Facebook Logo Technician job vacancies on USAJobs.gov 2017 AFR Modernization Book AFR Vision and Guiding Principles 2013 AFR Vision Update 2015 Contact Air Force Reserve AFRC Public Affairs AF Reserve Recruiting Service

  13. Air Force Cyber Outreach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-09-17

    design process requires teams to analyze and organize information in a manner that communicates efficiently with stakeholders. This communication is...share information (with each other and local school districts) on available/applicable grants b. How to help school districts identify and/or...graphed below. The graph compares the advance’s relative impact on the ability of the Air Force to maintain 12 information and decision dominance (x

  14. Air Force Smart Bases

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-10-19

    the future. Then to design an information and data architecture to enable many use cases for further mission experimentation and acquisition strategy...development. A key feature of the future of smart cities (or, in our case , smart bases) is that citizen engagement with one another and with their...cybersecurity on Air Force installations. Participants The design sprint brought in over 30 participants from across the military and industry

  15. Secretary of the Air Force

    Science.gov Websites

    Speeches Archive Former AF Top 3 Viewpoints and Speeches Air Force Warrior Games 2017 Events 2018 Air Force Strategic Documents Desert Storm 25th Anniversary Observances DoD Warrior Games Portraits in Courage

  16. Air force Thunderbirds

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-02-01

    Silhouetted against the cloud-strewn sky over NASA's Kennedy Space Center, a U.S. Air Force Thunderbird F-16D aircraft displays its prowess. The pilot is Maj. Tad Clark, who, after landing at the Shuttle Landing Facility, announced that Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex will host the inaugural World Space Expo from Nov. 3 to 11, featuring an aerial salute by the Thunderbirds on its opening weekend. The Expo will create one of the largest displays of space artifacts, hardware and personalities ever assembled in one location with the objective to inspire, educate and engage the public by highlighting the achievements and benefits of space exploration.

  17. Air Force Research Laboratory, Edwards Air Force Base, CA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-27

    Air Force Research Laboratory (AFMC) AFRL /RZS 1 Ara Road Edwards AFB CA 93524-7013 AFRL -RZ-ED-VG-2011-269 9...SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) Air Force Research Laboratory (AFMC) AFRL /RZS 11. SPONSOR...Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239.18 Air Force Research Laboratory Ed d Ai F B CA Col Mike Platt war s r orce

  18. Air Force Handbook. 109th Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    FY06 Combat Survivor Evader Locator (CSEL) Acquisition Status Capabilities/Profile Functions /Performance Parameters 38 • Air Force’s primary source for...Broadcast Service (GBS) Capabilities/Profile Acquisition Status Functions /Performance Parameters • Purchase Requirements (Phase 2): • 3 primary ...Operations (AF CONOPS) that support the CSAF and joint vision of combat operations. • AF CONOPS describe key Air Force mission and/or functional areas

  19. 2009 Strategic Plan, Air Force District of Washington (AFDW)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-11

    JTF CapMed . As the Air Force single voice for Joint matters in the NCR, AFDW has a critical responsibility to protect and enhance the Air...and its surrounding counties, is a critical Area of Responsibility (AOR) for US military organizations. It is the central hub of US political and...NCR and worldwide. Furthermore, AFDW presents forces to Joint Task Force-National Capital Region Medical Command (JTF CapMed ) and, through the

  20. Analyses and estimates of hydraulic conductivity from slug tests in alluvial aquifer underlying Air Force Plant 4 and Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Carswell Field, Fort Worth, Texas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Houston, Natalie A.; Braun, Christopher L.

    2004-01-01

    This report describes the collection, analyses, and distribution of hydraulic-conductivity data obtained from slug tests completed in the alluvial aquifer underlying Air Force Plant 4 and Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Carswell Field, Fort Worth, Texas, during October 2002 and August 2003 and summarizes previously available hydraulic-conductivity data. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force, completed 30 slug tests in October 2002 and August 2003 to obtain estimates of horizontal hydraulic conductivity to use as initial values in a ground-water-flow model for the site. The tests were done by placing a polyvinyl-chloride slug of known volume beneath the water level in selected wells, removing the slug, and measuring the resulting water-level recovery over time. The water levels were measured with a pressure transducer and recorded with a data logger. Hydraulic-conductivity values were estimated from an analytical relation between the instantaneous displacement of water in a well bore and the resulting rate of head change. Although nearly two-thirds of the tested wells recovered 90 percent of their slug-induced head change in less than 2 minutes, 90-percent recovery times ranged from 3 seconds to 35 minutes. The estimates of hydraulic conductivity range from 0.2 to 200 feet per day. Eighty-three percent of the estimates are between 1 and 100 feet per day.

  1. Overview--Development of a geodatabase and conceptual model of the hydrogeologic units beneath Air Force Plant 4 and Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Carswell Field, Fort Worth, Texas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shah, Sachin D.

    2004-01-01

    Air Force Plant 4 (AFP4) and adjacent Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Carswell Field (NAS–JRB) at Fort Worth, Tex., constitute a contractor-owned, government-operated facility that has been in operation since 1942. Contaminants from the 3,600-acre facility, primarily volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and metals, have entered the ground-water-flow system through leakage from waste-disposal sites and from manufacturing processes. Environmental data collected at AFP4 and NAS–JRB during 1993–2002 created the need for consolidation of the data into a comprehensive temporal and spatial geodatabase. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force Aeronautical Systems Center Environmental Management Directorate, developed a comprehensive geodatabase of temporal and spatial environmental data associated with the hydrogeologic units beneath the facility. A three-dimensional conceptual model of the hydrogeologic units integrally linked to the geodatabase was designed concurrently. Three hydrogeologic units—from land surface downward, the alluvial aquifer, the GoodlandWalnut confining unit, and the Paluxy aquifer—compose the subsurface of interest at AFP4 and NAS–JRB. The alluvial aquifer consists primarily of clay and silt with sand and gravel channel deposits that might be interconnected or interfingered. The Goodland-Walnut confining unit directly underlies the alluvial aquifer and consists of limestone, marl, shale, and clay. The Paluxy aquifer is composed of dense mudstone and fine- to coarse-grained sandstone

  2. Air Force Historical Research Agency

    Science.gov Websites

    Command Capt Joseph J Merhar Jr collection Early Wright Brothers Flying Machines History of the 3rd Organizations Wings and Groups Squadrons and Flights Studies Documents Personal Papers Oral History Catalogue S. Fairchild Research Information Center Military Sites Air Force Link DefenseLINK Air Force History

  3. Program Calculates Forces in Bolted Structural Joints

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buder, Daniel A.

    2005-01-01

    FORTRAN 77 computer program calculates forces in bolts in the joints of structures. This program is used in conjunction with the NASTRAN finite-element structural-analysis program. A mathematical model of a structure is first created by approximating its load-bearing members with representative finite elements, then NASTRAN calculates the forces and moments that each finite element contributes to grid points located throughout the structure. The user selects the finite elements that correspond to structural members that contribute loads to the joints of interest, and identifies the grid point nearest to each such joint. This program reads the pertinent NASTRAN output, combines the forces and moments from the contributing elements to determine the resultant force and moment acting at each proximate grid point, then transforms the forces and moments from these grid points to the centroids of the affected joints. Then the program uses these joint loads to obtain the axial and shear forces in the individual bolts. The program identifies which bolts bear the greatest axial and/or shear loads. The program also performs a fail-safe analysis in which the foregoing calculations are repeated for a sequence of cases in which each fastener, in turn, is assumed not to transmit an axial force.

  4. In Search of an Identity: Air Force Core Competencies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-06-01

    for connecting core competencies to both inside and outside the service . Core competencies have become a decision making framework for the Air Force...Proposed Intra– Service Relationship ................................................................. 76 Figure 2. Proposed Inter- service and Joint...connecting core competencies to both inside and outside the service . Core competencies have become a decision making framework for the Air Force. They

  5. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 36

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    Army War College RADM Richard D. Jaskot, USN ■ National War College VADM Timothy J. Keating , USN ■ The Joint Staff Col Walter L. Niblock, USMC ■ Marine...that: The motive in small wars is not material de- struction. It is usually a project dealing with social, economic , and political development of the...numbers of additional young of- ficers and noncommissioned officers. General Harold Johnson, Army Chief of Staff from June 1964 to June 1968, recalled

  6. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 35

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-01

    From the Field and Fleet: Letters to the Editor J F Q F O R U M 9 Clausewitz and War 10 Center of Gravity: Recommendations for Joint Doctrine by...D I T S JFQ 129 Trends in Future Warfare by Christopher J. Bowie, Robert P. Haffa, Jr., and Robert E. Mullins 134 The Other Gulf War : British...Book Review by Larry M. Wortzel 146 Wars and Rumors of Wars : A Book Review by James Jay Carafano 108 Revisiting the Korean Tree-Trimming Incident

  7. Knee joint forces: prediction, measurement, and significance

    PubMed Central

    D’Lima, Darryl D.; Fregly, Benjamin J.; Patil, Shantanu; Steklov, Nikolai; Colwell, Clifford W.

    2011-01-01

    Knee forces are highly significant in osteoarthritis and in the survival and function of knee arthroplasty. A large number of studies have attempted to estimate forces around the knee during various activities. Several approaches have been used to relate knee kinematics and external forces to internal joint contact forces, the most popular being inverse dynamics, forward dynamics, and static body analyses. Knee forces have also been measured in vivo after knee arthroplasty, which serves as valuable validation of computational predictions. This review summarizes the results of published studies that measured knee forces for various activities. The efficacy of various methods to alter knee force distribution, such as gait modification, orthotics, walking aids, and custom treadmills are analyzed. Current gaps in our knowledge are identified and directions for future research in this area are outlined. PMID:22468461

  8. Air Force Medical Service > Resources > Suicide Prevention

    Science.gov Websites

    Air Force Medical Service Air Force Medical Service Join the Air Force Home Your Healthcare Healthy Videos MHS Genesis AFMS Priorities Trusted Care Vision Air Force Medical Home Full Spectrum Medical ) Air Force EFMP Who is an EFM? Who must enroll? EFMP-Medical EFMP-M Objectives Family Criteria EFMP-M

  9. Air Force Pilot Retention-1988.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    34 Air Force Times, 11 January 1988, pp. -" 1,12. 3. D.irbv’, Kit. "Dear Military Pilot." Future Aviation Pro- fessionals of America, ( FAPA ), 15...America ( FAPA . 0. Other professional journals or publications E. Newspapers . A. "Wurd of mouth" L. Personal contact(s) made while occupying my present

  10. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 5, Summer 1994

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-07-01

    terms of a matrix and have set it up to achieve things that matrix organizations facilitate. Matrices compel interaction across organizations; they...provide more joint, synergistic solutions to military problems. One primary result of this interaction between the assess- ment process and JROC is the...the Contingency Tactical Air Control Auto- mated Planning System (CTAPS) are both single-host computer sys- tems that do not support interactive data

  11. Joint Task Force on Undergraduate Physics Programs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    This session will focus on the guidelines and recommendations being developed by the APS/AAPT Joint Task Force on Undergraduate Physics Programs. J-TUPP is studying how undergraduate physics programs might better prepare physics majors for diverse careers. The guidelines and recommendations will focus on curricular content, flexible tracks, pedagogical methods, research experiences and internships, the development of professional skills, and enhanced advising and mentoring for all physics majors.

  12. Turnover Among Air Force Nurses.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-03-01

    Statistics. - The U. S. Air Force Institute of Technology, Civilian Institutions , Allied Health Branch, for their assistance and partial financial support...The University of Utah, Computer Center, for their financial support and use of computer equipment used in the statistical analysis. xiv The following...retain the nurses currently employed (Decker, et al., 19S2; Weisman, 1982). White (1980) concludes that nursina staff is a considerable [ financial

  13. Commanding an Air Force Squadron

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    I The M ission ...................................... 3 The People ...................................... 5 The Chain of Command...of Air Force squadron commanders. By so doing, it serves as an explanatory text to allied officers, as a model for leadership studies, and as a...personnel, meeting the chain of command above him, and understanding the role of other units on the base. The Mission Lt Col John Bell, chief of the wing

  14. Air Force Academy Aeronautics Digest.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-01

    Farren, Glauert, R. H. Fowler , George Thomson, E . D. Adrian and Melvill Jones were certainly "Chudleighites." When I arrived at Farnborough I was put to... E . McCann, Lt. Colonel, USAF Director of Research, Studies, and Analysis UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF TIlS PAGE REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE...NOS P ROGRAM PROJECT TASK WORK UNIT E LE MENT NO. NO. NO. NO * 11 TITLE fInclude Secuity Clawiaiciceton) Air Force Academy Aeronautics Digest

  15. Chief of Staff of the Air Force

    Science.gov Websites

    Speeches Archive Former AF Top 3 Viewpoints and Speeches Air Force Warrior Games 2017 Events 2018 Air Force Strategic Documents Desert Storm 25th Anniversary Observances DoD Warrior Games Portraits in Courage

  16. Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force

    Science.gov Websites

    Speeches Archive Former AF Top 3 Viewpoints and Speeches Air Force Warrior Games 2017 Events 2018 Air Force Strategic Documents Desert Storm 25th Anniversary Observances DoD Warrior Games Portraits in Courage

  17. U.S. Air Force > SAPR

    Science.gov Websites

    for treatment in the military health system, and Air Force civilian (appropriated and non-appropriated (or equivalent) or installation vice wing commander, executing the Air Force's Sexual Assault

  18. Development of a geodatabase and conceptual model of the hydrogeologic units beneath air force plant 4 and Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Carswell Field, Fort Worth, Texas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shah, Sachin D.

    2004-01-01

    Air Force Plant 4 and adjacent Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Carswell Field at Fort Worth, Texas, constitute a government-owned, contractor-operated facility that has been in operation since 1942. Contaminants from AFP4, primarily volatile organic compounds and metals, have entered the ground-water-flow system through leakage from waste-disposal sites and from manufacturing processes. The U.S. Geological Survey developed a comprehensive geodatabase of temporal and spatial environmental information associated with the hydrogeologic units (alluvial aquifer, Goodland-Walnut confining unit, and Paluxy aquifer) beneath the facility and a three-dimensional conceptual model of the hydrogeologic units integrally linked to the geodatabase. The geodatabase design uses a thematic layer approach to create layers of feature data using a geographic information system. The various features are separated into relational tables in the geodatabase on the basis of how they interact and correspond to one another. Using the geodatabase, geographic data at the site are manipulated to produce maps, allow interactive queries, and perform spatial analyses. The conceptual model for the study area comprises computer-generated, three-dimensional block diagrams of the hydrogeologic units. The conceptual model provides a platform for visualization of hydrogeologic-unit sections and surfaces and for subsurface environmental analyses. The conceptual model is based on three structural surfaces and two thickness configurations of the study area. The three structural surfaces depict the altitudes of the tops of the three hydrogeologic units. The two thickness configurations are those of the alluvial aquifer and the Goodland-Walnut confining unit. The surface of the alluvial aquifer was created using a U.S. Geological Survey 10-meter digital elevation model. The 2,130 point altitudes of the top of the Goodland-Walnut unit were compiled from lithologic logs from existing wells, available soil

  19. Remodeling Air Force Cyber Command and Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-10-10

    AIR FORCE CYBERWORX REPORT: REMODELING AIR FORCE CYBER COMMAND & CONTROL COURSE DESIGN PROJECT CONDUCTED 5 Jan – 5 May 17 Produced...For the Air Force Cyber Command and Control (C2) Design Project, CyberWorx brought together 25 cadets from the United States Air Force Academy...warfighting based upon the findings of the design teams. Participants The design course was attended by a diverse group of civilians from industry

  20. Rebalancing the Air Force: A Comprehensive Solution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-02-16

    the consequences can be significant. High Tempo (Figure 4) Lt Gen Charles E. Stenner , Jr., Chief of the Air Force Reserve, stated while...29 January 2010. 14 Lt Gen Charles E. Stenner Jr., Chief of the Air Force Reserve, ―Total Force Policy 21: A 21 st Century Framework for...Military Force Mix Decisions,‖ White Paper, 15 July 2010. 15 Lt Gen Charles E. Stenner Jr., Chief of the Air Force Reserve, ―Testimony Before the House

  1. Historical Lessons of Air Force Communications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    AU/ACSC/ CUSTINE /AY10 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY HISTORICAL LESSONS OF AIR FORCE COMMUNICATIONS...by Jay D. Custine , Civ, DAF A Research Report Submitted to the Faculty In Partial Fulfillment of the Graduation...Requirements Advisor: Lt Col Paul E. Griffith Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama December 2010 AU/ACSC/ CUSTINE /AY10 ii

  2. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 19, Summer 1998

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-08-01

    Shelton, USA Publisher ADVISORY COMMITTEE LTG Richard A. Chilcoat, USA ■ National Defense University Chairman BG David A. Armstrong, USA (Ret.) ■ Office of...College Maj Gen Richard L. Engel, USAF ■ Industrial College of the Armed Forces Maj Gen Timothy A. Kinnan, USAF ■ Air War College Col David M. Lumsden...BOARD Hans Binnendijk ■ National Defense University Chairman Richard K. Betts ■ Columbia University Col J. Lee Blank, USAF ■ National War College Col

  3. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 15, Spring 1997

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-06-01

    headquarters to extract information from sensors on the vehicle without bothering crew members with extraneous reports. Position loca- tion devices on... change in how they do business. Air Force lean logistics and Army velocity management programs are literal springboards for quantum improvements in...Spring 1997 Victory smiles upon those who anticipate the changes in the character of war, not upon those who wait to adapt themselves after the changes

  4. Forced air heat sink apparatus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rippel, Wally E. (Inventor)

    1989-01-01

    A high efficiency forced air heat sink assembly employs a split feed transverse flow configuration to minimize the length of the air flow path through at least two separated fin structures. Different embodiments use different fin structure material configurations including honeycomb, corrugated and serpentine. Each such embodiment uses a thermally conductive plate having opposed exterior surfaces; one for receiving a component to be cooled and one for receiving the fin structures. The serpentine structured fin embodiment employs a plurality of fin supports extending from the plate and forming a plurality of channels for receiving the fin structures. A high thermal conductivity bondant, such as metal-filled epoxy, may be used to bond the fin structures to either the plate or the fin supports. Dip brazing and soldering may also be employed depending upon the materials selected.

  5. 78 FR 49484 - Exchange of Air Force Real Property for Non-Air Force Real Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-14

    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of Air Force Exchange of Air Force Real Property for Non-Air Force Real Property SUMMARY: Notice identifies excess Federal real property under administrative jurisdiction of the United States Air Force it intends to exchange for real property not currently owned by the...

  6. Fiscal Year 2012 United States Air Force Agency Financial Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) aggressively designed and tested an advanced warhead to...Reaper procurement & RPA capabilities, Light Attack Armed Reconnaissance buys, Joint Strike Fighter, satellites). Research , Development, Test and...Military Personnel Operations, Readiness & Support Procurement Research , Development, Test & Evaluation

  7. The Soviet Air Force and Strategic Bombing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-04-01

    to envision a British Air Force that could be totally divorced from some form of ground support role. Consequently, he saw an air campaign that would...CA: Presidio Press, 1986. Black, Steven K. The Icarus Illusion: Technology, Doctrine and the Soviet Air Force. Monterrey , CA, 1986. Cockburn, Andrew

  8. Joint moments and contact forces in the foot during walking.

    PubMed

    Kim, Yongcheol; Lee, Kyoung Min; Koo, Seungbum

    2018-06-06

    The net force and moment of a joint have been widely used to understand joint disease in the foot. Meanwhile, it does not reflect the physiological forces on muscles and contact surfaces. The objective of the study is to estimate active moments by muscles, passive moments by connective tissues and joint contact forces in the foot joints during walking. Joint kinematics and external forces of ten healthy subjects (all males, 24.7 ± 1.2 years) were acquired during walking. The data were entered into the five-segment musculoskeletal foot model to calculate muscle forces and joint contact forces of the foot joints using an inverse dynamics-based optimization. Joint reaction forces and active, passive and net moments of each joint were calculated from muscle and ligament forces. The maximum joint reaction forces were 8.72, 4.31, 2.65, and 3.41 body weight (BW) for the ankle, Chopart's, Lisfranc and metatarsophalangeal joints, respectively. Active and passive moments along with net moments were also obtained. The maximum net moments were 8.6, 8.4, 5.4 and 0.8%BW∙HT, respectively. While the trend of net moment was very similar between the four joints, the magnitudes and directions of the active and passive moments varied between joints. The active and passive moments during walking could reveal the roles of muscles and ligaments in each of the foot joints, which was not obvious in the net moment. This method may help narrow down the source of joint problems if applied to clinical studies. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Subsurface occurrence and potential source areas of chlorinated ethenes identified using concentrations and concentration ratios, Air Force Plant 4 and Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Carswell Field, Fort Worth, Texas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Garcia, C. Amanda

    2005-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force Aeronautical Systems Center, Environmental Management Directorate, conducted a study during 2003-05 to characterize the subsurface occurrence and identify potential source areas of the volatile organic compounds classified as chlorinated ethenes at U.S. Air Force Plant 4 (AFP4) and adjacent Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base Carswell Field (NAS-JRB) at Fort Worth, Texas. The solubilized chlorinated ethenes detected in the alluvial aquifer originated as either released solvents (tetrachloroethene [PCE], trichloroethene [TCE], and trans-1,2-dichloroethene [trans-DCE]) or degradation products of the released solvents (TCE, cis-1,2-dichloroethene [cis-DCE], and trans-DCE). The combined influences of topographic- and bedrock-surface configurations result in a water table that generally slopes away from a ground-water divide approximately coincident with bedrock highs and the 1-mile-long aircraft assembly building at AFP4. Highest TCE concentrations (10,000 to 920,000 micrograms per liter) occur near Building 181, west of Building 12, and at landfill 3. Highest PCE concentrations (500 to 920 micrograms per liter) occur near Buildings 4 and 5. Highest cis-DCE concentrations (5,000 to 710,000 micrograms per liter) occur at landfill 3. Highest trans-DCE concentrations (1,000 to 1,700 micrograms per liter) occur just south of Building 181 and at landfill 3. Ratios of parent-compound to daughter-product concentrations that increase in relatively short distances (tens to 100s of feet) along downgradient ground-water flow paths can indicate a contributing source in the vicinity of the increase. Largest increases in ratio of PCE to TCE concentrations are three orders of magnitude from 0.01 to 2.7 and 7.1 between nearby wells in the northeastern part of NAS-JRB. In the northern part of NAS-JRB, the largest increases in TCE to total DCE concentration ratios relative to ratios at upgradient wells are from 17 to

  10. Air Force Special Operations Command > Home > POTFF

    Science.gov Websites

    Air Force Special Operations Command Air Force Special Operations Command Join the Air Force Home Sheets AFSOC Senior Leaders AFSOC Heritage Units 1st Special Operations Wing 24th Special Operations Wing 27th Special Operations Wing 352nd Special Operations Wing 353rd Special Operations Group 492nd Special

  11. Air Force Audit Agency Management Information System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-01

    Support Directorate. AFAA/QL performs multilocation . Air Force-wide audits and issues reports to the SAF. It, however, specializes in the multibillion...USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED NOV 90 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Air Force Audit Agency...appreciated. Mail them to: CADRE/RI, Building 1400, Maxwell AFB AL 36112-5532.• Air Force Audit Agency Management Hobbs Information System C 0* 0 0

  12. The Air Force Nurse Intern Program.

    PubMed

    Smith, R H

    1991-08-01

    The Air Force Nurse Intern Program is a 5-month-long introduction to Air Force nursing for BSN-prepared graduate nurses. The program is designed to facilitate the transition from civilian nursing student to practicing Air Force Nurse Corps Officer. After attending Military Indoctrination for Medical Service Officers, newly commissioned nurses attend the program at one of 10 Air Force medical centers before going to their permanent duty stations. Preceptors guide and instruct the interns at each of four clinical rotation sites. The author, a former nurse intern, describes some of the many opportunities available to nurse interns.

  13. Air Force Technical Objective Document FY 87

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-12-01

    Air Force Systems Command Edwards Air Force Base. Cal ifornia 93523-5000 NOTICES THIS DOCUMENT IS FOR INFORMATION AND GUIDANCE ONL Y This...acquisition of Air Foree weapon systems . Each Air Foree laboratory annually formulates Q Research and Technology (R& T) Pion in response to available...guidance based on USAF requirements, the identification of scientific and technological opportunities, and the needs of present and projected systems

  14. Air Force and Diversity: The Awkward Embrace

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-14

    Streeter is a U.S. Air Force intelligence officer assigned to the Air War College, Air University, Maxwell AFB, AL. She graduated from the United States...future leaders.” Princeton University Office of Human Resources Web site; Wilson et al, Grooming Top Leaders, 4. 28 45. Dr Fil J . Arenas...Air Force Diversity Strategic Roadmap (2012), 14. 86. Dr. Fil J . Arenas (Associate Professor, Organizational Leadership Studies, Squadron

  15. Analysis of data on Air Force personnel collected at Lackland Air Force Base

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1969-10-01

    In July, 1967, a report was published by the Personnel Research Laboratory, Lackland Air Force Base, entitled "An Attempt to Predict Automobile Accidents Among Air Force Personnnel". Approximately twelve thousand basic airmen and eleven hundred offic...

  16. Around the Air Force: April 26 > U.S. Air Force > Article Display

    Science.gov Websites

    Speeches Archive Former AF Top 3 Viewpoints and Speeches Air Force Warrior Games 2017 Events 2018 Air Force Strategic Documents Desert Storm 25th Anniversary Observances DoD Warrior Games Portraits in Courage

  17. Air Force officials name SARC of the year > U.S. Air Force > Article

    Science.gov Websites

    The Book Speeches Archive Former AF Top 3 Viewpoints and Speeches Air Force Warrior Games 2017 Events 2018 Air Force Strategic Documents Desert Storm 25th Anniversary Observances DoD Warrior Games

  18. 3 CFR - Disestablishment of United States Joint Forces Command

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Command Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents Memorandum of January 6, 2011 Disestablishment of United States Joint Forces Command Memorandum for the Secretary of Defense Pursuant to my... States Joint Forces Command, effective on a date to be determined by the Secretary of Defense. I direct...

  19. Air Force Research Laboratory’s Focused Long Term Challenges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    Air Force Research Laboratory ( AFRL ) mission is to provide support to the Air Force (AF) and the warfighters with... Air Force Research Laboratory’s Focused Long Term Challenges Leo J Rose Munitions Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory , 101 W Eglin Blvd...This technology vision, which was born in our Air Force Research Laboratory , builds on the Air Force’s traditional kill

  20. The Air Force and the Cold War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    March 2001. 49An Air Force Association Special Report 49An Air Force As ociation Special Report CANAN , James. War in Space. Harper & Row, 1982...Press, 1989. GARDNER, Lloyd C. Spheres of Influence: The Great Powers Partition Europe, From Munich to Yalta. Ivan R. Dee Publisher, 1993. GARTHOFF

  1. NASA/Air Force Cost Model: NAFCOM

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Winn, Sharon D.; Hamcher, John W. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The NASA/Air Force Cost Model (NAFCOM) is a parametric estimating tool for space hardware. It is based on historical NASA and Air Force space projects and is primarily used in the very early phases of a development project. NAFCOM can be used at the subsystem or component levels.

  2. Command and Control for Joint Air Operations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-11-14

    publication apply to the throughout the range of military commanders of combatant commands, operations. subunified commands, joint task forces, and...this doctrine (or operations as well as the doctrinal basis JTTP) will be followed except when, in for US military involvement in the judgment of the...commander, multinational and interagency operations. exceptional circumstances dictate It provides military guidance for the otherwise. If conflicts

  3. Joint Chiefs of Staff > Directorates > J7 | Joint Force Development

    Science.gov Websites

    development: Doctrine, Education, Concept Development & Experimentation, Training, Exercises and Lessons Coalition Partners. Joint Education Develop policies governing officer and enlisted Joint Professional Military Education (JPME), and the National Defense University. Direct JPME educational advisory group and

  4. Reducing Air Force Fighter Pilot Shortages

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-31

    that active-component fighter pilot requirements (particularly nonflying staff requirements) exceed its capacity to train and provide initial...pilots in the reserve components. This research was sponsored by four elements of the U.S. Air Force: the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations (AF/A3...the Deputy Chief of Staff for Manpower, Personnel and Services (AF/A1); the Commander, Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC/CC); and the Director, Air

  5. Intra-Theater Air Mobility and Theater Distribution for the Joint Force Commander: Is the United States Central Command Model the Best (Revised)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    to ASOCs, each Army Corps possesses Air Mobility Liaison Officers ( AMLO ) at the corps, division, regiment, and brigade levels. These AMLOs may... AMLOs In PACOM, the DIRMOBFOR is expected to be an advisor to the COMAFFOR, JFACC and the JFACC’s AMD Chief, primarily with respect to integration...the AOR, PACAF will provide intra-theater AMLOs in accordance with AMLO -specific directives and theater MOAs. Specifically, PACAF will provide

  6. Air Force Energy Plan 2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-24

    production on Air Bases  Field the Critical Asset Prioritization Methodology ( CAPM ) tool  Manage costs  Provide energy leadership throughout the Air...residing on military installations • Field the Critical Asset Prioritization Methodology ( CAPM ) tool. This CAPM tool will allow prioritization of Air...fielding of the Critical Asset Prioritization Methodology ( CAPM ) tool and the adoption of financial standards to enable transparency across Air

  7. Patellofemoral joint contact forces during activities with high knee flexion.

    PubMed

    Trepczynski, Adam; Kutzner, Ines; Kornaropoulos, Evgenios; Taylor, William R; Duda, Georg N; Bergmann, Georg; Heller, Markus O

    2012-03-01

    The patellofemoral (PF) joint plays an essential role in knee function, but little is known about the in vivo loading conditions at the joint. We hypothesized that the forces at the PF joint exceed the tibiofemoral (TF) forces during activities with high knee flexion. Motion analysis was performed in two patients with telemetric knee implants during walking, stair climbing, sit-to-stand, and squat. TF and PF forces were calculated using a musculoskeletal model, which was validated against the simultaneously measured in vivo TF forces, with mean errors of 10% and 21% for the two subjects. The in vivo peak TF forces of 2.9-3.4 bodyweight (BW) varied little across activities, while the peak PF forces showed significant variability, ranging from less than 1 BW during walking to more than 3 BW during high flexion activities, exceeding the TF forces. Together with previous in vivo measurements at the hip and knee, the PF forces determined here provide evidence that peak forces across these joints reach values of around 3 BW during high flexion activities, also suggesting that the in vivo loading conditions at the knee can only be fully understood if the forces at the TF and the PF joints are considered together. Copyright © 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society.

  8. Air Force Office of Scientific Research 1991 Research Highlights

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    research at Air Force Europe, allied victory in the Persian Gulf con- programs totaling nearly $300 million annual- laboratories . Air Force ...transitioning nological environment? laboratories and research centers into four research accomplishments for Air Force use. In this added role as... Air Force’s saries; maintaining a strong research Organizationally, AFOSR has also glo ehran gol per infrastructure among Air Force

  9. Air Force Research Laboratory Preparation for Year 2000.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-10-05

    Air Force Research Laboratory , Phillips Research Site , Kirkland Air Force Base, New...Pentagon, Washington, D.C. 20301-1900. The identity of each writer and caller is fully protected. Acronym AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory INSPECTOR...completion of the implementation phase was May 31, 1999. Air Force Research Laboratory . The Air Force Research

  10. Air Force UAVs: The Secret History

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    iA Mitchell Institute Study i Air Force UAVs The Secret History A Mitchell Institute Study July 2010 By Thomas P. Ehrhard Report Documentation Page...DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Air Force UAVs The Secret History 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c...opening phases of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. By Thomas P. Ehrhard a miTchEll insTiTuTE sTudy July 2010 Air Force UAVs The Secret History

  11. Air Force Weapons Laboratory Computational Requirements for 1976 Through 1980

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-01-01

    Air Force Weapons Laboratory , Attn: DYS, Kirtland AFB, NM 87117...final report was prepared by the Air Force Weapons Laboratory , Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico under Job Order 06CB. Dr. Clifford E. Rhoades, Jr... Force Base, New Mexico 87117 62601F, 06CB II. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME AND ADDRESS Ai"- Force Weapons Laboratory / Jan 1076 Kirtland Air Force Base,

  12. A Historical Analysis of Basic Air Force Doctrine Education within the United States States Air Force Air Command and Staff College, 1947-1987.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    doctrine, especially joint doctrine. Because of this we make mistakes. I believe that the Air Force needs to develop a formal doctrinallo education...jresenteo arguments for all three points of view, but ne was particularly critical of tne educacional system within tae United States military. He said tnat

  13. Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    Selected Acquisition Report ( SAR ) RCS: DD-A&T(Q&A)823-355 Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) As of FY 2017 President’s Budget Defense Acquisition...Management Information Retrieval (DAMIR) March 4, 2016 09:30:05 UNCLASSIFIED JAGM December 2015 SAR March 4, 2016 09:30:05 UNCLASSIFIED 2 Table of...Office of the Secretary of Defense O&S - Operating and Support PAUC - Program Acquisition Unit Cost JAGM December 2015 SAR March 4, 2016 09:30:05

  14. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. 334.590 Section 334.590 Navigation... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area... during firing periods to be specified by the Commander, Air Force Missile Test Center, Patrick Air Force...

  15. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. 334.590 Section 334.590 Navigation... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area... during firing periods to be specified by the Commander, Air Force Missile Test Center, Patrick Air Force...

  16. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. 334.590 Section 334.590 Navigation... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area... during firing periods to be specified by the Commander, Air Force Missile Test Center, Patrick Air Force...

  17. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. 334.590 Section 334.590 Navigation... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area... during firing periods to be specified by the Commander, Air Force Missile Test Center, Patrick Air Force...

  18. United States Air Force Wipe Solvent Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hornung, Steven D.; Beeson, Harold D.

    2000-01-01

    The Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB), as part of the Air Force Material Command, requested that NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC) White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) conduct testing and analyses in support of the United States Air Force Wipe Solvent Development Project. The purpose of the wipe solvent project is to develop an alternative to be used by Air Force flight line and maintenance personnel for the wipe cleaning of oxygen equipment. This report provides material compatibility, liquid oxygen (LOX) mechanical impact, autogenous ignition temperature (AIT), and gauge cleaning test data for some of the currently available solvents that may be used to replace CFC-113 and methyl chloroform. It provides data from previous WSTF test programs sponsored by the Naval Sea Systems Command, the Kennedy Space Center, and other NASA programs for the purpose of assisting WP AFB in identifying the best alternative solvents for validation testing.

  19. Measuring Air Force Contracting Customer Satisfaction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA MBA PROFESSIONAL REPORT MEASURING AIR FORCE CONTRACTING CUSTOMER SATISFACTION ...... satisfaction elements should be included in a standardized tool that measures the level of customer satisfaction for AF Contracting’s external and

  20. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 34, Spring 2003

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-07-01

    Office of the Chairman LTG George W. Casey, Jr., USA ■ The Joint Staff MG Reginal G. Clemmons , USA ■ National War College A. Denis Clift ■ Joint...vol. 138, no. 91 (June 23, 1992), p. S 8602. 2 Maurice Matloff, editor, American Military History (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1969), p...was basically flawed and historically inac- curate. During the late 1930s General Maurice Gamelin exacerbated a faulty doctrine by shut- ting off all

  1. From Wardens Air Force to Boyds Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-01

    changing events.8 In this respect, armed forces can be viewed more accurately as perpetually evolving ecosystems than the unresponsive closed...large-scale full- motion video (FMV) exploitation. In the near-term, the service is already exploring emerging technology that can scan video for

  2. Air Force Strategy Study 2020-2030

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    shocks (also known as “black swans”), having 2 │ introduction the potential to radically alter the utility of the capability, as a way of highlighting... utilized by its expeditionary air units.”5 The Air Force must present strategic and operational options along with forces capable of operating and...Emer- gency Management Agency (FEMA) regional staffs, in part representing the service and USNORTHCOM. The imagery analysts’ utility is largely due

  3. Fixing the Mobility Air Forces New Way

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    Stenner explains, “Our units and people make outstanding contributions to the national defense. Every day, we leverage a portion of the strategic...calculate the ARC’s contribution to the military’s global reach.78 The cost effectiveness that General Stenner refers to is only one of at least three...Department of the Air Force, Mobilization Planning, 18. 60 Ibid. 61 U.S. Department of the Air Force, Mobilization Planning, 9. 62 Charles E. Stenner

  4. Advanced Robotics for Air Force Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-01

    evaluated current and potential uses of advanced robotics to support Air Force systems, (2) recommended the most effective aplications of advanced robotics...manpower. Such a robot system would The boom would not only transfer fuel, be considerably more mobile and effi- 10 ADVANCED ROBOTICS FOR AIR FORCE...increased manpower resources in war tive clothing reduce vision, hearing, and make this an attractive potential appli- mobility , which further reduce

  5. List of EPA Certified Forced-Air Furnaces

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The EPA-Certified Forced-Air Furnace list contains EPA-certified forced-air furnaces that meet the 2015 NSPS for New Residential Wood Heaters, New Residential Hydronic Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces.

  6. Increasing Running Step Rate Reduces Patellofemoral Joint Forces

    PubMed Central

    Lenhart, Rachel L.; Thelen, Darryl G.; Wille, Christa M.; Chumanov, Elizabeth S.; Heiderscheit, Bryan C.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Increasing step rate has been shown to elicit changes in joint kinematics and kinetics during running, and has been suggested as a possible rehabilitation strategy for runners with patellofemoral pain. The purpose of this study was to determine how altering step rate affects internal muscle forces and patellofemoral joint loads, and then to determine what kinematic and kinetic factors best predict changes in joint loading. Methods We recorded whole body kinematics of 30 healthy adults running on an instrumented treadmill at three step rate conditions (90%, 100%, and 110% of preferred step rate). We then used a 3D lower extremity musculoskeletal model to estimate muscle, patellar tendon, and patellofemoral joint forces throughout the running gait cycles. Additionally, linear regression analysis allowed us to ascertain the relative influence of limb posture and external loads on patellofemoral joint force. Results Increasing step rate to 110% of preferred reduced peak patellofemoral joint force by 14%. Peak muscle forces were also altered as a result of the increased step rate with hip, knee and ankle extensor forces, and hip abductor forces all reduced in mid-stance. Compared to the 90% step rate condition, there was a concomitant increase in peak rectus femoris and hamstring loads during early and late swing, respectively, at higher step rates. Peak stance phase knee flexion decreased with increasing step rate, and was found to be the most important predictor of the reduction in patellofemoral joint loading. Conclusion Increasing step rate is an effective strategy to reduce patellofemoral joint forces and could be effective in modulating biomechanical factors that can contribute to patellofemoral pain. PMID:23917470

  7. Survival Analysis of US Air Force Officer Retention Rate

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-03-23

    Air Force Institute of Technology AFIT Scholar Theses and Dissertations 3-23-2017 Survival Analysis of US Air Force Officer Retention Rate Courtney N...AIR UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE...to the Faculty Department of Operational Sciences Graduate School of Engineering and Management Air Force Institute of Technology Air University

  8. Air Force Roles and Missions: A History

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    armies fighting on the Western Front. In July, Foch gave Pershing tactical control of a sector in the Chateau- Thierry region, with only one division...In the battle at Chateau- Thierry in July, air squadrons flying support for the American division learned a costly lesson. Air units were deci- mated... Thierry , he saw Trenchard’s views on the need to concentrate air forces to achieve aerial superiority confirmed. The losses helped Mitchell convince

  9. Dynamic Wheel-Rail Forces on Mismatched Joints with Ramps

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2016-04-12

    The discontinuity between rail ends at a joint creates : dynamic wheel-rail forces (i.e. high impact forces and wheel : unloading) that can result in a range of problems including : wear, deterioration, and early failure of the track structure, its :...

  10. Changing the Air Force Narrative

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-14

    Chinese forces in their struggle against the Imperial Japanese Army through the Hump Airlift (Hanson, 2007), the Doolittle Raid striking within the... Doolittle and the Tuskegee Airmen. Airpower came alive to the public through articles, stories and books written about and by these men...Defense Research Institute, RAND Corporation. Chun, C. K. S (2006). The Doolittle Raid 1942: America’s First Strike Back at Japan. Oxford: Osprey

  11. Environmental Assessment, Balloon Launch and Landing Operations, Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Force Research Laboratory , Space Vehicles Directorate ( AFRL /RV) located at Kirtland Air Force Base is preparing an Environmental Assessment (EA) for...United States Air Force Research Laboratory , Space Vehicles Directorate ( AFRL /RV) located at Kirtland Air Force Base is preparing an Environmental...United States Air Force Research Laboratory , Space Vehicles Directorate ( AFRL

  12. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 28, Spring/Summer 2001

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-09-01

    gium, Colombia , Ethiopia, France, Greece, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Philippines, and Thailand fielded battalion-sized units which were attached to U.S...Army divisions while Turkey deployed an infantry brigade. Naval Forces. Eight allied nations—Aus- tralia, Canada, Colombia , Denmark, The Netherlands...U.S. Air Force, for flavoring his reforms with too much machismo . The authors emphasized that one in five Air Force people would never see a flight

  13. Enhancing Army Joint Force Headquarters Capabilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    the public and private sectors around the world . RAND’s publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and...group of JTF– Atlas Response was staffed with 13 personnel, the J2 cell with 24, the J3 cell with 21, and so on. In addition to the joint staff...as the judge advocate general, the surgeon general, the chaplain, and so on. The total approved size of JTF- Atlas Response was 147.

  14. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 12, Summer 1996

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-08-01

    that the Aus- tralian model is either perfect—it is evolving—or appropriate for other countries. Australia clearly enjoys a unique strategic culture ...Unified Endeavor ’95 and Modeling Effective Training by Ralph W. Passarelli and Frank E. Schwamb 16 Training the Pacific Warriors by Jay B. Yakeley III...changes into the 21st century. It will help us harness the best ef- forts and keep us focused on joint capabilities, not business as usual or

  15. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 13, Autumn 1996

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-10-01

    specifically ac- knowledges a 1986 study, “Ecuadorian- Peruvian Rivalry in the Upper Amazon,” as his source. That inaccurate account by William Krieg—based...joint Peruvian -Ecuadorian and U.S. records dating from 1942 to 1949 (released this year by Peru’s foreign ministry) clarify the historical account...despite the fact that Peruvian and Ecuadorian experts agreed in September 1948 to define the small stretch of the Cordillera del Cóndor which remains

  16. Canadian Air Force Leadership and Command: Implications for the Human Dimension of Expeditionary Air Force Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-11-01

    Project Manager : CSA: Angela Febbraro The scientific or technical validity of this Contract Report is entirely the responsibility of the...ways, for example, in leadership styles and command arrangements. Unfortunately for the Canadian Air Force, very little has been written about how its...culture and professional working environment have influenced the development of unique Canadian air force leadership styles and command

  17. Stress analysis of bolted joints under centrifugal force

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Imura, Makoto; Iizuka, Motonobu; Nakae, Shigeki; Mori, Takeshi; Koyama, Takayuki

    2014-06-01

    Our objective is to develop a long-life rotary machine for synchronous generators and motors. To do this, it is necessary to design a high-strength bolted joint, which is responsible for fixing a salient pole on a rotor shaft. While the rotary machine is in operation, not only centrifugal force but also moment are loaded on a bolted joint, because a point of load is eccentric to a centre of a bolt. We tried to apply the theory proposed in VDI2230-Blatt1 to evaluate the bolted joint under eccentric force, estimate limited centrifugal force, which is the cause of partial separation between the pole and the rotor shaft, and then evaluate additional tension of a bolt after the partial separation has occurred. We analyzed the bolted joint by FEM, and defined load introduction factor in that case. Additionally, we investigated the effect of the variation of bolt preload on the partial separation. We did a full scale experiment with a prototype rotor to reveal the variation of bolt preload against tightening torque. After that, we verified limited centrifugal force and the strength of the bolted joint by the VDI2230-Blatt1 theory and FEM considering the variation of bolt preload. Finally, we could design a high-strength bolted joint verified by the theoretical study and FEM analysis.

  18. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 8, Summer 1995

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-06-01

    commands. Control of the Bonin and the Marianas Islands was split with MacArthur controlling forces and local facilities, but having no responsibility for...Headquarters” Lieutenant Colonel Joseph H. Daves , USA (Army War College) “American Global Logistics and Peace Operations” Lieutenant Colonel James W. Dowis

  19. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 22, Summer 1999

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-08-01

    combine to present a pes- simistic view of human nature as prone to irra- tional hatred and violence , extrapolating present ethnic and religious...serve as an Internet-based, cooper- ative, interactive, multiplayer opposing force simulator for exercises, experimen- tation, and rehearsals in

  20. Unification of Forces: The Road to Jointness?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-15

    tend to resist large change--or innovation. Because organizations value "predictability, stability, and certainty," incremental change is the...preferred mode of behavior for organizations.29 Unification of the forces would be a large, rather than an incremental , change; thus, the services would...coordinating planning and bidgeting , providing unified direction, accounting and controlling weapons and equipment acquisition, eliminating duplication of

  1. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 26, Autumn 2000

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    Compañía Impresora Ar- gentina, 1990). Caribbean, Central America, and Mex- ico, have become a parallel power to the state in controlling national terri...and regimen- tal service (1917–19); commanded 3d Battalion, 22d Infantry, in France (1919); assistant chief of staff, American Forces, Germany (1920–21

  2. Enhanced Army Airborne Forces: A New Joint Operational Capability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    that are trained to carry out airborne operations, including the 75th Ranger Regiment and Army special forces. Today’s airborne forces lack protected...Operation Just Cause Airborne units were used extensively in Panama, and the 82nd Air- borne’s 1st Brigade and the 75th Ranger Regiment were both...carry out airborne operations, including the 75th Ranger Regiment and Army special forces. The changes made to transition the Army into a force

  3. 32 CFR 855.22 - Air Force procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Air Force procedures. 855.22 Section 855.22 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AIRFIELDS Agreements for Civil Aircraft Use of Air Force Airfields § 855...

  4. 32 CFR 855.22 - Air Force procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Air Force procedures. 855.22 Section 855.22 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AIRFIELDS Agreements for Civil Aircraft Use of Air Force Airfields § 855...

  5. 32 CFR 855.22 - Air Force procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Air Force procedures. 855.22 Section 855.22 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AIRFIELDS Agreements for Civil Aircraft Use of Air Force Airfields § 855...

  6. Improving Energy Security for Air Force Installations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schill, David

    Like civilian infrastructure, Air Force installations are dependent on electrical energy for daily operations. Energy shortages translate to decreased productivity, higher costs, and increased health risks. But for the United States military, energy shortages have the potential to become national security risks. Over ninety-five percent of the electrical energy used by the Air Force is supplied by the domestic grid, which is susceptible to shortages and disruptions. Many Air Force operations require a continuous source of energy, and while the Air Force has historically established redundant supplies of electrical energy, these back-ups are designed for short-term outages and may not provide sufficient supply for a longer, sustained power outage. Furthermore, it is the goal of the Department of Defense to produce or procure 25 percent of its facility energy from renewable sources by fiscal year 2025. In a government budget environment where decision makers are required to provide more capability with less money, it is becoming increasingly important for informed decisions regarding which energy supply options bear the most benefit for an installation. The analysis begins by exploring the field of energy supply options available to an Air Force installation. The supply options are assessed according to their ability to provide continuous and reliable energy, their applicability to unique requirements of Air Force installations, and their costs. Various methods of calculating energy usage by an installation are also addressed. The next step of this research develops a methodology and tool which assesses how an installation responds to various power outage scenarios. Lastly, various energy supply options are applied to the tool, and the results are reported in terms of cost and loss of installation capability. This approach will allow installation commanders and energy managers the ability to evaluate the cost and effectiveness of various energy investment options.

  7. Institutional Memory and the US Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    38 | Air & Space Power Journal Institutional Memory and the US Air Force Lt Col Daniel J. Brown, USAF Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed...national defense. After each ad- vance is tested in combat, a new round of intellectual sparring commences regarding Summer 2016 | 39 Institutional Memory ...the service’s institutional memory of how it fights and what it fights with—the ways and means of war fighting. Critical to maintaining its

  8. Communicating Why: Aligning the Air Force Message

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-17

    innovation as the Air Force’s HOW, after all the service could not have demonstrated its WHY without it. For example, Lt Col Jimmy Doolittle ...the Doolittle Raid.54 Later in the war, General Doolittle’s first order as the newly appointed commander of the 8th Air Force was to free the...fighters from their strict bomber tether so they could go on the offensive against the German fighters.55 As Doolittle later noted, the German General of

  9. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 25, Summer 2000

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-09-01

    proficiency as well as familiarity with Allied army organiza- tion and weapons systems. There have been delays in some programs such as the MISTRAL air...second term but it also failed. No further coups were attempted until the civil war known as La Violencia effectively destroyed the elite political...balance be- tween Liberals and Conservatives in place since 1902. La Violencia began as a street riot in Bogota (known as Bogotazo) that erupted in the

  10. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 31, Summer 2002

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-09-01

    College of the Armed Forces COL Timothy S. Heinemann, USA ■ U.S. Army Command and General Staff College CAPT Chester E. Helms, USN ■ Naval War College...Announcing the next event in the 2002– 2003 symposia program Pacific Symposium Towards a Durable Security Strategy (Co-sponsored with U.S. Pacific...Command) March 25–27, 2003 Information on symposia is available via the National Defense University World Wide Web server. Access by addressing

  11. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 30, Spring 2002

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-05-01

    Armed Forces COL Timothy S. Heinemann, USA ■ U.S. Army Command and General Staff College CAPT Chester E. Helms, USN ■ Naval War College COL Paul...have dramatically improved the way U.S. Central Command has been able to fight the war, includ- ing the shortening of sensor-to- shooter decision...When revealed, slowness in the sensor-controller- shooter sequence often gave them enough time to relocate [and hide] before attacks began.” With

  12. Effect of increased pushoff during gait on hip joint forces.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Cara L; Garibay, Erin J

    2015-01-02

    Anterior acetabular labral tears and anterior hip pain may result from high anteriorly directed forces from the femur on the acetabulum. While providing more pushoff is known to decrease sagittal plane hip moments, it is unknown if this gait modification also decreases hip joint forces. The purpose of this study was to determine if increasing pushoff decreases hip joint forces. Nine healthy subjects walked on an instrumented force treadmill at 1.25 m/s under two walking conditions. For the natural condition, subjects were instructed to walk as they normally would. For the increased pushoff condition, subjects were instructed to "push more with your foot when you walk". We collected motion data of markers placed on the subjects' trunk and lower extremities to capture trunk and leg kinematics and ground reaction force data to determine joint moments. Data were processed in Visual3D to produce the inverse kinematics and model scaling files. In OpenSim, the generic gait model (Gait2392) was scaled to the subject, and hip joint forces were calculated for the femur on the acetabulum after computing the muscle activations necessary to reproduce the experimental data. The instruction to "push more with your foot when you walk" reduced the maximum hip flexion and extension moment compared to the natural condition. The average reduction in the hip joint forces were 12.5%, 3.2% and 9.6% in the anterior, superior and medial directions respectively and 2.3% for the net resultant force. Increasing pushoff may be an effective gait modification for people with anterior hip pain. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Effect of increased pushoff during gait on hip joint forces

    PubMed Central

    Lewis, Cara L.; Garibay, Erin J.

    2014-01-01

    Anterior acetabular labral tears and anterior hip pain may result from high anteriorly directed forces from the femur on the acetabulum. While providing more pushoff is known to decrease sagittal plane hip moments, it is unknown if this gait modification also decreases hip joint forces. The purpose of this study was to determine if increasing pushoff decreases hip joint forces. Nine healthy subjects walked on an instrumented force treadmill at 1.25 m/s under two walking conditions. For the natural condition, subjects were instructed to walk as they normally would. For the increased pushoff condition, subjects were instructed to “push more with your foot when you walk”. We collected motion data of markers placed on the subjects’ trunk and lower extremities to capture trunk and leg kinematics and ground reaction force data to determine joint moments. Data were processed in Visual 3D to produce the inverse kinematics and model scaling files. In OpenSim, the generic gait model (Gait2392) was scaled to the subject, and hip joint forces were calculated for the femur on the acetabulum after computing the muscle activations necessary to reproduce the experimental data. The instruction to “push more with your foot when you walk” reduced the maximum hip flexion and extension moment compared to the natural condition. The average reduction in the hip joint forces was 12.5%, 3.2% and 9.6% in the anterior, superior and medial directions respectively and 2.3% for the net resultant force. Increasing pushoff may be an effective gait modification for people with anterior hip pain. PMID:25468661

  14. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 48, 1st Quarter 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Closure and joint basing initiatives. n Engage in the development of a broad- based, flexible, effective , and affordable joint military health care system...in a London hospital in November 2006 due to ingested alpha particles from Polonium 210 . Just the trace trail of Polonium 210 across the city and...can we adequately defend the Nation. Therefore, we will: n Determine the true health of our ground forces in terms of people, training, equipment

  15. 33 CFR 334.590 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. 334.590 Section 334.590 Navigation... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.590 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Air Force missile testing area, Patrick Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The danger zone. An area in the Atlantic Ocean immediately offshore from...

  16. Air-Sea Battle through Joint Training: Power Projection Sustainability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-15

    9 generate our decisive advantage.” 39 An example of cross-domain operations employed by the USN and USAF was the release of an AGM-154C Joint...and Herzegovina. While employing a USAF GBU -15 “electro-optically guided” bomb within close range of a USN AGM-84 SLAM-ER, “electronic... 39 U.S. Office of the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff. Capstone Concept for Joint Operations: Joint Force 2020

  17. A nondestructive, reproducible method of measuring joint reaction force at the distal radioulnar joint.

    PubMed

    Canham, Colin D; Schreck, Michael J; Maqsoodi, Noorullah; Doolittle, Madison; Olles, Mark; Elfar, John C

    2015-06-01

    To develop a nondestructive method of measuring distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) joint reaction force (JRF) that preserves all periarticular soft tissues and more accurately reflects in vivo conditions. Eight fresh-frozen human cadaveric limbs were obtained. A threaded Steinmann pin was placed in the middle of the lateral side of the distal radius transverse to the DRUJ. A second pin was placed into the middle of the medial side of the distal ulna colinear to the distal radial pin. Specimens were mounted onto a tensile testing machine using a custom fixture. A uniaxial distracting force was applied across the DRUJ while force and displacement were simultaneously measured. Force-displacement curves were generated and a best-fit polynomial was solved to determine JRF. All force-displacement curves demonstrated an initial high slope where relatively large forces were required to distract the joint. This ended with an inflection point followed by a linear area with a low slope, where small increases in force generated larger amounts of distraction. Each sample was measured 3 times and there was high reproducibility between repeated measurements. The average baseline DRUJ JRF was 7.5 N (n = 8). This study describes a reproducible method of measuring DRUJ reaction forces that preserves all periarticular stabilizing structures. This technique of JRF measurement may also be suited for applications in the small joints of the wrist and hand. Changes in JRF can alter native joint mechanics and lead to pathology. Reliable methods of measuring these forces are important for determining how pathology and surgical interventions affect joint biomechanics. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Rand Project AIR FORCE Annual Report 2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    LLC Michael Lynton, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Sony Pictures Entertainment Ronald L. Olson, Partner, Munger, Tolles & Olson LLP Paul H...management, and his Air Force career centered on research. Even a shared love of music finds them in different parts of the orchestra, with Ray as a

  19. Considering the Audience: Air Force Recruiting Presentations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malone, Darek L.

    2012-01-01

    Each Air Force recruiter is formally trained in public speaking and the art of salesmanship or persuasion. These recruiters communicate to thousands of high school students each year through presentations in classrooms, auditoriums and other venues as part of their assigned duties. Persuasive presentations are public speaking events specifically…

  20. United States Air Force Unmanned Aircraft Systems Flight Plan 2009-2047

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-18

    future challenges facing the USAF and the Joint Force through 2047. Michael B. Donley Secretary of the Air Force - 3 - AJI ¥-Jcf2c .~~~ Norton A...is depicted along a DOTMLPF-P stratified timeline as a colored triangle. Red triangles represent actions that require senior leader involvement to...Flag, and Red Flag. Joint UAS training may lead to greater training efficiencies and standardization. Training standards may be applied based on the

  1. Air Force construction automation/robotics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nease, AL; Dusseault, Christopher

    1994-01-01

    The Air Force has several unique requirements that are being met through the development of construction robotic technology. The missions associated with these requirements place construction/repair equipment operators in potentially harmful situations. Additionally, force reductions require that human resources be leveraged to the maximum extent possible and that more stringent construction repair requirements push for increased automation. To solve these problems, the U.S. Air Force is undertaking a research and development effort at Tyndall AFB, FL to develop robotic teleoperation, telerobotics, robotic vehicle communications, automated damage assessment, vehicle navigation, mission/vehicle task control architecture, and associated computing environment. The ultimate goal is the fielding of robotic repair capability operating at the level of supervised autonomy. The authors of this paper will discuss current and planned efforts in construction/repair, explosive ordnance disposal, hazardous waste cleanup, fire fighting, and space construction.

  2. Inspector General, DOD, Oversight of the Air Force Audit Agency Audit of the FY 1995 Air Force Consolidated Financial Statements.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-04-18

    financial statements . We delegated the audit of the FY 1995 Air Force consolidated financial statements to the Air Force Audit Agency. On March 1...1996, the Air Force Audit Agency issued its "Report of Audit: Opinion on Fiscal Year 1995 Air Force Consolidated Financial Statements " (Project 94053001...disclaimer of opinion. The audit objective was to determine the accuracy and completeness of the audit of the FY 1995 Air Force consolidated financial statements conducted

  3. Forced-air patient warming blankets disrupt unidirectional airflow.

    PubMed

    Legg, A J; Hamer, A J

    2013-03-01

    We have recently shown that waste heat from forced-air warming blankets can increase the temperature and concentration of airborne particles over the surgical site. The mechanism for the increased concentration of particles and their site of origin remained unclear. We therefore attempted to visualise the airflow in theatre over a simulated total knee replacement using neutral-buoyancy helium bubbles. Particles were created using a Rocket PS23 smoke machine positioned below the operating table, a potential area of contamination. The same theatre set-up, warming devices and controls were used as in our previous study. This demonstrated that waste heat from the poorly insulated forced-air warming blanket increased the air temperature on the surgical side of the drape by > 5°C. This created convection currents that rose against the downward unidirectional airflow, causing turbulence over the patient. The convection currents increased the particle concentration 1000-fold (2 174 000 particles/m(3) for forced-air warming vs 1000 particles/m(3) for radiant warming and 2000 particles/m(3) for the control) by drawing potentially contaminated particles from below the operating table into the surgical site. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:407-10.

  4. Joint forces and torques when walking in shallow water.

    PubMed

    Orselli, Maria Isabel Veras; Duarte, Marcos

    2011-04-07

    This study reports for the first time an estimation of the internal net joint forces and torques on adults' lower limbs and pelvis when walking in shallow water, taking into account the drag forces generated by the movement of their bodies in the water and the equivalent data when they walk on land. A force plate and a video camera were used to perform a two-dimensional gait analysis at the sagittal plane of 10 healthy young adults walking at comfortable speeds on land and in water at a chest-high level. We estimated the drag force on each body segment and the joint forces and torques at the ankle, knee, and hip of the right side of their bodies using inverse dynamics. The observed subjects' apparent weight in water was about 35% of their weight on land and they were about 2.7 times slower when walking in water. When the subjects walked in water compared with walking on land, there were no differences in the angular displacements but there was a significant reduction in the joint torques which was related to the water's depth. The greatest reduction was observed for the ankle and then the knee and no reduction was observed for the hip. All joint powers were significantly reduced in water. The compressive and shear joint forces were on average about three times lower during walking in water than on land. These quantitative results substantiate the use of water as a safe environment for practicing low-impact exercises, particularly walking. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. The Joint Force in a Contested and Disordered World

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-14

    environment. Next, Section 2 explores how the intersection and interaction of these changes might impact the character of war in the future. Finally, Section...ideas about how changes to conflict and war might impact the capabilities and operational approaches required by the future Joint Force. These...1 Colin Gray, Another Bloody Century, (2005), p. 43. 2 challenges that will impact the

  6. Upper limb joint forces and moments during underwater cyclical movements.

    PubMed

    Lauer, Jessy; Rouard, Annie Hélène; Vilas-Boas, João Paulo

    2016-10-03

    Sound inverse dynamics modeling is lacking in aquatic locomotion research because of the difficulty in measuring hydrodynamic forces in dynamic conditions. Here we report the successful implementation and validation of an innovative methodology crossing new computational fluid dynamics and inverse dynamics techniques to quantify upper limb joint forces and moments while moving in water. Upper limb kinematics of seven male swimmers sculling while ballasted with 4kg was recorded through underwater motion capture. Together with body scans, segment inertial properties, and hydrodynamic resistances computed from a unique dynamic mesh algorithm capable to handle large body deformations, these data were fed into an inverse dynamics model to solve for joint kinetics. Simulation validity was assessed by comparing the impulse produced by the arms, calculated by integrating vertical forces over a stroke period, to the net theoretical impulse of buoyancy and ballast forces. A resulting gap of 1.2±3.5% provided confidence in the results. Upper limb joint load was within 5% of swimmer׳s body weight, which tends to supports the use of low-load aquatic exercises to reduce joint stress. We expect this significant methodological improvement to pave the way towards deeper insights into the mechanics of aquatic movement and the establishment of practice guidelines in rehabilitation, fitness or swimming performance. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Shoulder model validation and joint contact forces during wheelchair activities.

    PubMed

    Morrow, Melissa M B; Kaufman, Kenton R; An, Kai-Nan

    2010-09-17

    Chronic shoulder impingement is a common problem for manual wheelchair users. The loading associated with performing manual wheelchair activities of daily living is substantial and often at a high frequency. Musculoskeletal modeling and optimization techniques can be used to estimate the joint contact forces occurring at the shoulder to assess the soft tissue loading during an activity and to possibly identify activities and strategies that place manual wheelchair users at risk for shoulder injuries. The purpose of this study was to validate an upper extremity musculoskeletal model and apply the model to wheelchair activities for analysis of the estimated joint contact forces. Upper extremity kinematics and handrim wheelchair kinetics were measured over three conditions: level propulsion, ramp propulsion, and a weight relief lift. The experimental data were used as input to a subject-specific musculoskeletal model utilizing optimization to predict joint contact forces of the shoulder during all conditions. The model was validated using a mean absolute error calculation. Model results confirmed that ramp propulsion and weight relief lifts place the shoulder under significantly higher joint contact loading than level propulsion. In addition, they exhibit large superior contact forces that could contribute to impingement. This study highlights the potential impingement risk associated with both the ramp and weight relief lift activities. Level propulsion was shown to have a low relative risk of causing injury, but with consideration of the frequency with which propulsion is performed, this observation is not conclusive.

  8. Standing Joint Forces: Spearhead for Global Operational Maneuver

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-26

    Threat,” In The War Next Time: Countering Rogue States and Terrorists 1 20 NOVEMBER 2014 Operation Roundhouse was a resounding success. While...America’s " kick -down the door" force, capable of extremely rapid deployment from CONUS to anywhere in the world to ensure aerospace access for joint

  9. 32 CFR 842.11 - Air Force claims organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Air Force claims organization. 842.11 Section 842.11 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE CLAIMS AND LITIGATION ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Functions and Responsibilities § 842.11 Air Force claims organization. Air...

  10. 32 CFR 842.11 - Air Force claims organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Air Force claims organization. 842.11 Section 842.11 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE CLAIMS AND LITIGATION ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Functions and Responsibilities § 842.11 Air Force claims organization. Air...

  11. 32 CFR 842.11 - Air Force claims organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Air Force claims organization. 842.11 Section 842.11 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE CLAIMS AND LITIGATION ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Functions and Responsibilities § 842.11 Air Force claims organization. Air...

  12. Securing the High Ground: Dominant Combat Air Force for America. 2008 Combat Air Force Strategic Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-28

    continue to be beyond our technical ability to realize aggresively pursue advanced technical solutions to stay at the leading edge of technological...inherent to each caf Way and to seek continual improvement through exploration of innovative concepts, advanced capabilities, game -changing...available online at the air force portal: https://wwwd.my.af.mil/afknprod/strat_plan COMBAT AIR FORCE STRATEGIC PLAN Points of Contact securing the high

  13. A Case for Air Force Reorganization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-01

    overstaffing problem exists, sev- eral theories lend insight into why and how this overgrowth occurs. Noted German sociologist Max Weber discusses...USAF Almanac, 1980,” May 1980; “2010 USAF Almanac”; and “Air Force Strength from FY 1948–2012.” 9. Max Weber , On Charisma and Institution Building...MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1957), 67. 22. Max Weber , The Theory of Social and Economic Organization, trans. A. M. Henderson and

  14. Project Air Force, Annual Report 2003

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-01

    to Simulate Personnel Retention The CAPM system is based on a simple assumption about employee retention: A rational individual faced with the...analysis to certain parts of the force. CAPM keeps a complete record of the assumptions , policies, and data used for each scenario. Thus decisionmakers...premises and assumptions . Instead, the Commission concluded that space is a separate oper- ating arena equivalent to the air, land, and maritime

  15. Task analysis of Air Force pharmacy practice.

    PubMed

    Bartholomew, A; Sawyer, W T; Coats, L

    1995-01-15

    The frequency with which United States Air Force pharmacists perform specific professional tasks and the pharmacists' views as to the importance of those tasks were studied. A questionnaire was prepared that asked recipients to rate each of 36 tasks selected as representing the spectrum of practice activities. There were four categories of tasks: managerial tasks, dispensing tasks, drug information tasks, and patient care tasks. Recipients rated the tasks with respect to frequency of performance and importance on separate 6-point scales. The questionnaire was mailed in May 1991 to the 225 pharmacists then serving in the Air Force worldwide. Of the 225 questionnaires, 150 usable questionnaires were returned (response rate, 67%). All the tasks in the survey were performed by at least one Air Force pharmacy officer, although the frequency of task performance varied. In particular, the frequency of many patient care tasks was low. All the tasks were perceived to have some importance, but drug information tasks were rated as being significantly more important than tasks in the other categories; patient care tasks were rated lowest in importance. The results varied with the respondents' demographic characteristics. Pharmacy officers with more years of service, more senior positions, higher rank, or an advanced degree in a field other than pharmacy tended to give responses that diverged from those of the population. A 1991 survey showed an awareness among Air Force pharmacists of the need to orient practice around patient care; however, they were not spending substantial time on patient care and tended to view it as less important than more traditional pharmacy tasks.

  16. The Air Force Aviation Investment Challenge

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-17

    7 Procurement percentage excludes modification funding. 8 IOC from Department of Defense, Annual Aviation Inventory and Funding Plan, Fiscal Years...its engineering and manufacturing development phase, is projected to triple over the course of the FYDP. 9 The newer programs begin with relatively...Through a Non-Air Force Budget As part of its markup of the Navy’s proposed FY2015 budget, Congress created the National Sea- Based Deterrence Fund

  17. International Cooperation with Partner Air Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    AND HEALTH CARE INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS NATIONAL SECURITY POPULATION AND AGING PUBLIC SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SUBSTANCE ABUSE TERRORISM AND...bibliographical references. “MG-203.” ISBN 978-0-8330-4571-3 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Combined operations (Military science ) 2. United States. Air Force. 3...Military relations—Foreign countries. 7. Military art and science —International cooperation. I. Moroney, Jennifer D. P., 1973– U260.I53 2009

  18. United States Air Force Posture Statement 2004

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-05-24

    warfighting effort from planning to execution. Air, ground, maritime, and space forces worked together at the same time for the same objectives, not merely...nation, the growing nexus of radicalism and technology. As we continue our work in Afghanistan and Iraq, we stand ready to respond to flashpoints...their potential application in future threats, the mere maintenance of our aging aircraft and space systems will not suffice. Simply stated, our

  19. Project Air Force Annual Report 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    China has developed options that would make it a formidable adversary, particularly in a conflict over Taiwan , which the United States remains...he focused on China’s relationship with Taiwan . Since then, he has worked with other RAND analysts, such as David Orletsky, Evan Medeiros, Keith Crane...Hamilton, engineers Jeff Hagen and David Vaughan, Air Force Fellow Michelle Grace, behavioral scientist Larry Hanser, and information scientist Herb Shukiar

  20. Computer Applications for Air Force Construction Management.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-08-01

    The addition of a motor in 1920, resulted in the first electrical calculators. Charles Babbage is considered the "father" of the computer. In 1883, he...management applications. Watt (1795), Owen (early 1800’s), and Babbage (1832), made the first real- istic management applications in the field of production...network scheduling by the contractor "if" it is felt that the government can benefit by its use. 2 Captain Charles D. Sprick, Resident Air Force

  1. Improving Energy Security for Air Force Installations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-01

    Wind power is a mature technology, with wind turbines first being used for electricity in the late 19th century. The Air Force operates two wind ...company, and the military unit receives energy credits back on its bill. Two concepts are important when considering the turbine size for a wind ...generation and consumption must remain balanced for a grid, so wind turbines are rarely used as a sole energy source since power is only generated

  2. Air Force Reading Abilities Test: Utilization Assessment.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-01

    the R&DI AFHRL. TR-78.82, Predichon of Reading Grade Li.s of Seim. AApdwo from Armed Serice. Vocaionaj Ap ude Batery (ASVAB); AFHRL.TR-80-11, Reading...4. Vocabulary words that showed a likelihood of being encountered in an Air Force work environment were to be selected. Esoteric adverbs and...is not only used in the Basic Military Training environment ; it is also utilized at every Base Education Office through the OJT program. As noted

  3. Promoting Transformational Leadership Through Air Force Culture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    this, leaders tailor their behavior toward their fellow Airmen’s need for motivation, achievement, and sense of belonging, recognition, self - esteem ...first, service before self and excellence in all we do – while pursuing adaptive and innovative solutions for our nation’s security. —Air Force...extraverted leaders one would expect. In fact, Collins found most of the leaders to be, “ self -effacing, quiet, reserved, even shy – these are a

  4. Air Force Studies Board Block 00 Studies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-14

    effectively in efforts aimed at reducing energy consumption . Without more data on energy use, “You don’t know what you don’t know.” The question was raised...with Oxygen Trim Maintain Excess Oxygen Below 5%, Below 8% for Stokers Reduce Stack Temperature to 330°F for Sulfur Bearing Fuels Minimize...current approaches to industrial process energy with a goal of highlighting potential ways to reduce Air Force industrial process energy consumption .1

  5. Rand Project Air Force Annual Report 2011

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    types of biomass ) or from nonpetroleum fossil fuels (such as coal or natural gas). The Air Force has played a leading role in DoD efforts to evaluate...coal gasification and centers on the Fischer-Tropsch fuel production method. The Fischer-Tropsch method has been recently updated through the...configured to accept a combination of coal and biomass and to capture and sequester nearly all the CO2 generated at the plant site. Thus, within a few

  6. Focused Logistics; What the Air Force Brings to the Fight

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-04-09

    Agency partnered to develop a Strategic Distribution Management Initiative that support the Air Force’s logistics transformation and is linked by Global Command and Control System and Global Combat Support System-Air Force.

  7. SOUTHEAST AND NORTHEAST SIDES. Looking west Edwards Air Force ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    SOUTHEAST AND NORTHEAST SIDES. Looking west - Edwards Air Force Base, Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Fuel & Water Tank, Test Area 1-115, northwest end of Saturn Boulevard, Boron, Kern County, CA

  8. 4. BUILDING 8767, INTERIOR. Looking west. Edwards Air Force ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. BUILDING 8767, INTERIOR. Looking west. - Edwards Air Force Base, Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Observation Bunkers for Test Stand 1-A, Test Area 1-120, north end of Jupiter Boulevard, Boron, Kern County, CA

  9. Mindfulness over matter > U.S. Air Force > Article Display

    Science.gov Websites

    Speeches Archive Former AF Top 3 Viewpoints and Speeches Air Force Warrior Games 2017 Events 2018 Air Force Strategic Documents Desert Storm 25th Anniversary Observances DoD Warrior Games Portraits in Courage

  10. DETAIL, CONTROL BOOTH, RP1 TANK FARM Edwards Air Force ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DETAIL, CONTROL BOOTH, RP1 TANK FARM - Edwards Air Force Base, Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Combined Fuel Storage Tank Farm, Test Area 1-120, north end of Jupiter Boulevard, Boron, Kern County, CA

  11. The influence of patellofemoral joint contact geometry on the modeling of three dimensional patellofemoral joint forces.

    PubMed

    Powers, Christopher M; Chen, Yu-Jen; Scher, Irving; Lee, Thay Q

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of patellofemoral joint contact geometry on the modeling of three-dimensional patellofemoral joint forces. To achieve this goal, patellofemoral joint reaction forces (PFJRFs) that were measured from an in-vitro cadaveric set-up were compared to PFJRFs estimated from a computer model that did not consider patellofemoral joint contact geometry. Ten cadaver knees were used in this study. Each was mounted on a custom jig that was fixed to an Instron frame. Quadriceps muscle loads were accomplished using a pulley system and weights. The force in the patellar ligament was obtained using a buckle transducer. To quantify the magnitude and direction of the PFJRF, a six-axis load cell was incorporated into the femoral fixation system so that a rigid body assumption could be made. PFJRF data were obtained at 0 degrees , 20 degrees , 40 degrees and 60 degrees of knee flexion. Following in vitro testing, SIMM modeling software was used to develop computational models based on the three-dimensional coordinates (Microscribe digitizer) of individual muscle and patellar ligament force vectors obtained from the cadaver knees. The overall magnitude of the PFJRF estimated from the computer generated models closely matched the direct measurements from the in vitro set-up (Pearson's correlation coefficient, R(2)=0.91, p<0.001). Although the computational model accurately estimated the posteriorly directed forces acting on the joint, some discrepancies were noted in the forces acting in the superior and lateral directions. These differences however, were relatively small when expressed as a total of the overall PFJRF magnitude.

  12. Finding of No Significant Impact: First Air Force Air Operations Center, First Air Force Headquarters/Air Force Forces Center, and Highway 98 Overpass at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-11-10

    found at the following web address: <http://dep.state.fl.us/air/forms/asbestos.htm#asbestos>. The Air Force is advised to contact Sandra Veazey at...advised to contact Sandra Veazey at (850) 595·8300 for additional information on asbestos issues. http://tlhora6.dep.state.fl.us/clearinghouse/agency

  13. Nanoscience and Technology at the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-01

    AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY ( AFRL ) Dr. Richard A. Vaia Dr. Daniel Miracle Dr. Thomas Cruse Air Force Research ...Technology At The Air Force Research Laboratory ( AFRL ) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT...98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 AFRL NST Overview 2 AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY VISION We defend

  14. Nanoscience and Technology at the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-02-01

    AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY ( AFRL ) Dr. Richard A. Vaia Dr. Daniel Miracle Dr. Thomas Cruse Air Force Research ...Technology At The Air Force Research Laboratory ( AFRL ) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT...98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 AFRL NST Overview 2 AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY VISION We defend

  15. General Roy S. Geiger, USMC: Marine Aviator, Joint Force Commander

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    in a destroyed N-9 trainer.50 Geiger was attempting to land on Pensacola Bay , when a submarine surfaced at his intended point of landing... Corsairs , Hawks, Falcons, and SeaHawks, which replaced the WW I-vintage DH-4’s, out of which the Marine Corps had wrung every ounce of utility. Brown...CACTUS Air Force possessed a force of over 200 aircraft, including the formidable F4U Corsair , and the Japanese military had adopted a defensive

  16. Joint Operating Environment 2035: The Joint Force in a Contested and Disordered World

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-14

    environment. Next, Section 2 explores how the intersection and interaction of these changes might impact the character of war in the future. Finally, Section...ideas about how changes to conflict and war might impact the capabilities and operational approaches required by the future Joint Force. These...1 Colin Gray, Another Bloody Century, (2005), p. 43. 2 challenges that will impact the

  17. Joint Command and Control of Cyber Operations: The Joint Force Cyber Component Command (JFCCC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-04

    relies so heavily on complex command and control systems and interconnectivity in general, cyber warfare has become a serious topic of interest at the...defensive cyber warfare into current and future operations and plans. In particular, Joint Task Force (JTF) Commanders must develop an optimum method to

  18. Joint Operating Environment: The Joint Force in a Contested and Disordered World

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-14

    spilling over borders, and creating wide-ranging international problems. The future of Science, Technology, and Engineering will see others reaching...10 Science, Technology, and Engineering and the Future Joint Force ..........................................15 Summary... Engineering – may lead to new and challenging conditions that will redefine the security environment of 2035.  Section 2: Contexts of Future Conflict

  19. 77 FR 33202 - Department of the Air Force

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-05

    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force Corrected Intent To Grant a Partially Exclusive Patent License AGENCY: The United States Air Force, DoD. SUMMARY: This notice replaces the one published... implements Public Law 96- 517, as amended; the Department of the Air Force announces its intention to grant...

  20. 32 CFR 644.516 - Clearance of Air Force lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Clearance of Air Force lands. 644.516 Section 644... Excess Land and Improvements § 644.516 Clearance of Air Force lands. The Chief of Engineers has no responsibility for inspecting or clearing excess Air Force land of explosives or chemical/biological contaminants...

  1. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing off...

  2. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing off...

  3. 77 FR 55465 - US Air Force Exclusive Patent License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-10

    ...: Air Force Research Laboratory Information Directorate, Rome, New York, Department of the Air Force.... Written objections should be sent to: Air Force Research Laboratory, Office of the Staff Judge Advocate, AFRL/RIJ, 26 Electronic Parkway, Rome, New York 13441-4514. Telephone: (315) 330-2087; Facsimile (315...

  4. 32 CFR 855.22 - Air Force procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Air Force procedures. 855.22 Section 855.22 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT USE... is located. AFI 13-201, Air Force Airspace Management, 8 lists the AFREPs and their addresses. The...

  5. 32 CFR 855.22 - Air Force procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Air Force procedures. 855.22 Section 855.22 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT USE... is located. AFI 13-201, Air Force Airspace Management, 8 lists the AFREPs and their addresses. The...

  6. Forecasting Foreign Currency Exchange Rates for Air Force Budgeting

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-26

    FORECASTING FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES FOR AIR FORCE BUDGETING THESIS MARCH 2015...States. AFIT-ENV-MS-15-M-178 FORECASTING FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES FOR AIR FORCE BUDGETING THESIS Presented to the Faculty...FORECASTING FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES FOR AIR FORCE BUDGETING Nicholas R. Gardner, BS Captain, USAF Committee Membership: Lt Col Jonathan

  7. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing off...

  8. 10. "TEST STAND 15, AIR FORCE FLIGHT TEST CENTER." ca. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. "TEST STAND 1-5, AIR FORCE FLIGHT TEST CENTER." ca. 1958. Test Area 1-115. Original is a color print, showing Test Stand 1-5 from below, also showing the superstructure of TS1-4 at left. - Edwards Air Force Base, Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Leuhman Ridge near Highways 58 & 395, Boron, Kern County, CA

  9. Air Force Integrated Personnel and Pay System (AFIPPS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Air Force Integrated Personnel and Pay System (AFIPPS) Defense Acquisition Management...DSN Fax: 665-1207 Date Assigned: February 1, 2016 Program Information Program Name Air Force Integrated Personnel and Pay System (AFIPPS) DoD...therefore, no Original Estimate has been established. AFIPPS 2016 MAR UNCLASSIFIED 4 Program Description Air Force Integrated Personnel and Pay

  10. The National Guard: Recommendations to Develop the Joint Future Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    0209airpowerinafghan.pdf. 23 Statement of General James N. Mattis , USMC, Commander, United States Joint Forces Command, House Armed Services... James R. Locher III, Victory on the Potomac: the Goldwater-Nichols Act Unifies the Pentagon, (College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2002), 19...pick snubs National Guard, Thursday January 14, 2010, Congress.org, http://www.congress.org/congressorg/ bio /userletter/?letter_id=4520675821

  11. Expanding the MEU(SOC) Joint Task Force Enabler Concept

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-05-28

    concept. 2 The influential twentieth-century linguistic philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein argued that real understanding rests on the precise use...of language and universally agreed upon meanings. Without clarity and common understanding, Wittgenstein observed, we can never really communicate... Wittgenstein anticipated when we don’t share a common understanding of what a term means. The Joint Task Force Enabler is potentially a critical concept, both

  12. Strategic Joint Staff Force Posture and Readiness Process Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-31

    Identifiers that reflect Limitations and/or Restraints. Below is a screenshot of the View 3 worksheet for the RCN : Strategic Joint Staff Force...Commanders’ Notes M Manual N = RCN , L = CA, A = RCAF, etc. same as with current FP&R. L1 Commanders Note Commanders’ Note that describes a...Commanders’ Notes O Manual N = RCN , L = CA, A = RCAF, etc. same as with current FP&R. Mandatory if there is a Limitation and/or Restraint. Endurance

  13. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 62, 3rd Quarter, July 2011

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    academic publishing house. It publishes books, journals, policy briefs, occasional papers , monographs, and special reports on national security strategy...to the link on the NDU Press Web site or write to: Editor, Joint Force Quarterly National Defense University Press 260 Fifth Avenue, S.W. (Building...military professionalism and has made them available on its Web site.1 INSEL is in the process of posting on its Web site a video of all the conference

  14. Air Force construction automation/robotics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nease, A. D.; Alexander, E. F.

    1993-01-01

    The Air Force has several missions which generate unique requirements that are being met through the development of construction robotic technology. One especially important mission will be the conduct of Department of Defense (DOD) space activities. Space operations and other missions place construction/repair equipment operators in dangerous environments and potentially harmful situations. Additionally, force reductions require that human resources be leveraged to the maximum extent possible, and more stringent construction repair requirements push for increased automation. To solve these problems, the U.S. Air Force is undertaking a research and development effort at Tyndall AFB, FL, to develop robotic construction/repair equipment. This development effort involves the following technologies: teleoperation, telerobotics, construction operations (excavation, grading, leveling, tool change), robotic vehicle communications, vehicle navigation, mission/vehicle task control architecture, and associated computing environment. The ultimate goal is the fielding of a robotic repair capability operating at the level of supervised autonomy. This paper will discuss current and planned efforts in space construction/repair, explosive ordnance disposal, hazardous waste cleanup, and fire fighting.

  15. International Affairs Programs: The Air Force Versus the Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    individual tutoring programs . Additionally RAS personnel are offered regional enhancement studies opportunities at several facilities.48 RAS personnel...AU/ACSC/2015 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS PROGRAMS : THE AIR FORCE VERSUS THE ARMY by Robin L...5 COMPARISON: INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS PROGRAMS AIR FORCE VERSUS ARMY 8

  16. 33 CFR 334.1280 - Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. 334.1280 Section 334.1280 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.1280 Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. (a... enforced by the Commander, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force, Seattle, Washington, or such agencies as he...

  17. 33 CFR 334.1280 - Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. 334.1280 Section 334.1280 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.1280 Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. (a... enforced by the Commander, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force, Seattle, Washington, or such agencies as he...

  18. 33 CFR 334.1280 - Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. 334.1280 Section 334.1280 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.1280 Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. (a... enforced by the Commander, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force, Seattle, Washington, or such agencies as he...

  19. 33 CFR 334.1280 - Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. 334.1280 Section 334.1280 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.1280 Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. (a... enforced by the Commander, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force, Seattle, Washington, or such agencies as he...

  20. 33 CFR 334.1280 - Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. 334.1280 Section 334.1280 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.1280 Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. (a... enforced by the Commander, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force, Seattle, Washington, or such agencies as he...

  1. The United States Air Force Academy: A Bibliography 1954 - 1964

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1966-01-01

    August 1958. 498 Stringer, Roger. " Pro Nobis Astra" (Class of 󈨁 selects its ring), Talon 5;5, May 1960. 499 Trotogott, Pete. Cadet...relate to establishing an air academy. These are not included since they have no specific bearing on the Academy as it now exists. The Library staff...Newsletter AF Times - Air Force Times Air Cond Heat & Ven - Air Conditioning, Heating, and Venti- lating Air Force Airman Air Power Historian

  2. The Air Force concentrating photovoltaic array program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Geis, Jack W.

    1987-01-01

    A summary is given of Air Force solar concentrator projects beginning with the Rockwell International study program in 1977. The Satellite Materials Hardening Programs (SMATH) explored and developed techniques for hardening planar solar cell array power systems to the combined nuclear and laser radiation threat environments. A portion of program dollars was devoted to developing a preliminary design for a hardened solar concentrator. The results of the Survivable Concentrating Photovoltaic Array (SCOPA) program, and the design, fabrication and flight qualification of a hardened concentrator panel are discussed.

  3. Improvements to Air Force Strategic Basing Decisions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Fort Lee, VA 10,200 4,600 14,800 138,000 Fort Lewis, WA 13,500 17,400 30,900 3,422,000 Fort Meade , MD 7,000 4,200 11,200 2,512,000 Fort Sam...Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Fort Meade , and the Bethesda National Naval Medical Center were scheduled to add over 12,000 personnel in total. The state of...Influences on Air Force Basing Decisions According to Edward Mead Earle, “Strategy is the art of controlling and utilizing the resources of a nation—or a

  4. Command and Control of Joint Air Operations. Some Lessons Learned from Four Case Studies of an Enduring Issue

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    New Zealand Air Force.4 To further complicate matters, General Douglas MacArthur, as Commander Southwest Pacific Area, and the adjoining theater...Army, Marine, and New Zealand officers and the top job was rotated fairly regularly among the services.10 By early 1943 a truly joint staff had...in joint air operations. 2C. Kenneth Allard, Command, Control, and the Common Defense, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1990. The authors strongly

  5. U.S. Air Force Environmental Assessment, Steam Decentralization Project, Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    Estimated Air Pollutant Emissions for Boilers at CSPs at Tinker AFB ..................... 3-8 6 Table 3-2. Special Status Plant and Animal Species of...environment associated with the decentralization and optimization offour central steam plants (CSPs) located at Tinker Air Force Base (AFB), Oklahoma...square feet and represent approximately 48 percent of the installation’s total building area. Three of the plants (CSP 208, CSP 3001 and CSP 5802

  6. The U.S. Air Force Aeromedical Evacuation Mission: A Mission for the Air Reserve Components

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-01

    AU/ACSC/2016 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY THE U.S. AIR FORCE AEROMEDICAL EVACUATION MISSION: A MISSION FOR THE AIR RESERVE...Aeromedical Evacuation ............................................................................................................. 7 The Current Problem...13 Evaluation

  7. Officer Education: Preparing Leaders for the Air Force of 2035

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-02-15

    Environment (JOE) 2008: Challenges and Implications for the Future Joint Force”, https://us.jfcom.mil/sites/ J5 /j59/default.aspx., 23. 6 The world...capabilities might be utilized in their work Unrestricted Warfare. In this book, “ Hacking into websites, targeting financial institutions, terrorism...Forces Command. “Joint Operating Environment: Challenges and Implications for the Future Joint Force.” https://us.jfcom.mil/sites/ J5 /j59

  8. Land-based air in a national maritime strategy: the need for a joint strategic doctrine. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Staley, R.S.

    This paper examines the role of land-based air power within a national maritime strategy. Corbett taught that naval strategy is a subsidiary aspect of a national maritime strategy; and the increasing speed, range, and accuracy of aircraft, weapons, detection, and communications ensure that an important part of maritime air control will be land-based. To evaluate that claim, this paper examines the unity of sea control and air control; examines the Air Force missions that affect sea control; discusses the strategic concerns directing land-based air in maritime strategy; and explains why joint strategic doctrine will better integrate our military forces.

  9. Army and Air Force Unmanned Air Reconnaissance: Warrior and Hydra Navigating a Maze of Strategic Hedges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    Chambliss; Colonel Michael Stickney; Colonel Eric Mathewson; Lieutenant Colonel Robert Kiebler; Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth Kilmurray; Lieutenant...16 Peter Layton , Group Captain, Royal Air Force, “Hedging Strategies, UCAVs, budgets, and improbable threats,” Armed Forces Journal...10 Colonel Eric Mathewson, US Air Force HAF/A2 DCS ISR, “Air Force ISR in a Changed World: ISR Transformation, the Importance

  10. Anthropometry of Brazilian Air Force pilots.

    PubMed

    da Silva, Gilvan V; Halpern, Manny; Gordon, Claire C

    2017-10-01

    Anthropometric data are essential for the design of military equipment including sizing of aircraft cockpits and personal gear. Currently, there are no anthropometric databases specific to Brazilian military personnel. The aim of this study was to create a Brazilian anthropometric database of Air Force pilots. The methods, protocols, descriptions, definitions, landmarks, tools and measurements procedures followed the instructions outlined in Measurer's Handbook: US Army and Marine Corps Anthropometric Surveys, 2010-2011 - NATICK/TR-11/017. The participants were measured countrywide, in all five Brazilian Geographical Regions. Thirty-nine anthropometric measurements related to cockpit design were selected. The results of 2133 males and 206 females aged 16-52 years constitute a set of basic data for cockpit design, space arrangement issues and adjustments, protective gear and equipment design, as well as for digital human modelling. Another important implication is that this study can be considered a starting point for reducing gender bias in women's career as pilots. Practitioner Summary: This paper describes the first large-scale anthropometric survey of the Brazilian Air Force pilots and the development of the related database. This study provides critical data for improving aircraft cockpit design for ergonomics and comprehensive pilot accommodation, protective gear and uniform design, as well as digital human modelling.

  11. Environmental Assessment: Military Family Housing Privatization Maxwell Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    Ray L. Raton Mildred J . Worthy February 9, 2005 Lt. Colonel David W. Maninez Deputy Commander, 42nd MSG 50 South LeMay Plaza (Bldg 804) Maxwell ...Environmental Assessment Military Family Housing Privatization Maxwell Air Force Base United States Air Force Air Education and Training Command... Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama June 2005 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of

  12. Passive Joint Forces Are Tuned to Limb Use in Insects and Drive Movements without Motor Activity

    PubMed Central

    Ache, Jan M.; Matheson, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Summary Background Limb movements are generally driven by active muscular contractions working with and against passive forces arising in muscles and other structures. In relatively heavy limbs, the effects of gravity and inertia predominate, whereas in lighter limbs, passive forces intrinsic to the limb are of greater consequence. The roles of passive forces generated by muscles and tendons are well understood, but there has been little recognition that forces originating within joints themselves may also be important, and less still that these joint forces may be adapted through evolution to complement active muscle forces acting at the same joint. Results We examined the roles of passive joint forces in insect legs with different arrangements of antagonist muscles. We first show that passive forces modify actively generated movements of a joint across its working range, and that they can be sufficiently strong to generate completely passive movements that are faster than active movements observed in natural behaviors. We further demonstrate that some of these forces originate within the joint itself. In legs of different species adapted to different uses (walking, jumping), these passive joint forces complement the balance of strength of the antagonist muscles acting on the joint. We show that passive joint forces are stronger where they assist the weaker of two antagonist muscles. Conclusions In limbs where the dictates of a key behavior produce asymmetry in muscle forces, passive joint forces can be coadapted to provide the balance needed for the effective generation of other behaviors. PMID:23871240

  13. Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1986

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morrell, Frederick R. (Compiler)

    1988-01-01

    The research conducted under the NASA/FAA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by NASA and the FAA, one each with the Mass. Inst. of Tech., Ohio Univ., and Princeton Univ. Completed works, status reports, and bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include computer science, guidance and control theory and practice, aircraft performance, flight dynamics, and applied experimental psychology. An overview of activities is presented.

  14. Joint Effects of Ambient Air Pollutants on Pediatric Asthma ...

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Background: Because ambient air pollution exposure occurs in the form of mixtures, consideration of joint effects of multiple pollutants may advance our understanding of air pollution health effects. Methods: We assessed the joint effect of selected ambient air pollutant combinations (groups of oxidant, secondary, traffic, power plant, and criteria pollutants constructed using combinations of criteria gases, fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and PM2.5 components) on warm season pediatric asthma emergency department (ED) visits in Atlanta during 1998-2004. Joint effects were assessed using multi-pollutant Poisson generalized linear models controlling for time trends, meteorology and daily non-asthma respiratory ED visit counts. Rate ratios (RR) were calculated for the combined effect of an interquartile-range increment in the concentration of each pollutant. Results: Increases in all of the selected pollutant combinations were associated with increases in pediatric asthma ED visits [e.g., joint effect rate ratio=1.13 (95% confidence interval 1.06-1.21) for criteria pollutants (including ozone, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and PM2.5)]. Joint effect estimates were smaller than estimates calculated based on summing results from single-pollutant models, due to control for confounding. Compared with models without interactions, joint effect estimates from models including first-order pollutant interactions were similar for oxidant a

  15. Joint torques and joint reaction forces during squatting with a forward or backward inclined Smith machine.

    PubMed

    Biscarini, Andrea; Botti, Fabio M; Pettorossi, Vito E

    2013-02-01

    We developed a biomechanical model to determine the joint torques and loadings during squatting with a backward/forward-inclined Smith machine. The Smith squat allows a large variety of body positioning (trunk tilt, foot placement, combinations of joint angles) and easy control of weight distribution between forefoot and heel. These distinctive aspects of the exercise can be managed concurrently with the equipment inclination selected to unload specific joint structures while activating specific muscle groups. A backward (forward) equipment inclination decreases (increases) knee torque, and compressive tibiofemoral and patellofemoral forces, while enhances (depresses) hip and lumbosacral torques. For small knee flexion angles, the strain-force on the posterior cruciate ligament increases (decreases) with a backward (forward) equipment inclination, whereas for large knee flexion angles, this behavior is reversed. In the 0 to 60 degree range of knee flexion angles, loads on both cruciate ligaments may be simultaneously suppressed by a 30 degree backward equipment inclination and selecting, for each value of the knee angle, specific pairs of ankle and hip angles. The anterior cruciate ligament is safely maintained unloaded by squatting with backward equipment inclination and uniform/forward foot weight distribution. The conditions for the development of anterior cruciate ligament strain forces are clearly explained.

  16. The characteristics of welded joints for air conditioning application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weglowski, M. St.; Weglowska, A.; Miara, D.; Kwiecinski, K.; Błacha, S.; Dworak, J.; Rykala, J.; Pikula, J.; Ziobro, G.; Szafron, A.; Zimierska-Nowak, P.; Richert, M.; Noga, P.

    2017-10-01

    In the paper the results of metallographic examination of welded joints for air-conditioning elements are presented. The European directives 2006/40/EC on the greenhouse gasses elimination demand to stop using traditional refrigerant and to change it to R744 (CO2) medium in air conditioning installation. The R744 refrigerant is environmental friendly medium if compared with standard solution such as R12, R134a or R1234yf and safer for passengers than R1234yf. The non-standard thermodynamic parameters of the R744 which translate into high pressure and high temperature require specific materials to develop the shape and to specify the technology of manufacturing for the particular elements of the conduits and moreover the technologies of joining for the whole structure, which would meet the exploitation requirements of the new air-conditioning system. To produce the test welded joints of stainless steels four different joining technologies were applied: laser welding, plasma welding, electron beam welding as well as high speed rotation welding. This paper describes the influence of the selected welding process on the macrostructure and microstructure of welded joints of AISI 304 and AISI 316L steels. The results indicated that plasma welding laser welding and electron beam welding technologies guaranty the proper quality of welded joints and can be used for the air conditioning application in automotive industry. However, high speed rotation welding not guarantee the good quality of welded joints and cannot be used for above application.

  17. Low-temperature forced-air drying of Appalachian hardwoods

    Treesearch

    Donald G. Cuppett; E. Paul Craft

    1975-01-01

    Low-temperature forced-air drying involves drying green lumber in heated buildings with forced-air circulation and partial control of temperature and humidity conditions. The lumber is dried to about 20 percent moisture content at dry-bulb temperatures of 70º to 110ºF and with air velocities of 300 to 600 feet per minute. Equipment, methods, and...

  18. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National... INVESTIGATIONS ARMED FORCES DISCIPLINARY CONTROL BOARDS AND OFF-INSTALLATION LIAISON AND OPERATIONS Off-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy...

  19. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section... Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will be placed in excess status as outlined in AFR 87-4. ...

  20. Joint Communications in Support of Joint Task Force South during Operation Just Cause

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    the contingent frcm the 35th Signal Brigade under Colonel Jackson Moss arrived at Howard Air Force Base in a C-5A Galaxy . Colonel Moss had put together...to be an operation of short duration with the flowing in of one follow on Brigade of the 7th ID and the immediate redeployment of the Rangers and the

  1. Graphics-oriented Battlefield Tracking Systems: U.S. Army and Air Force Interoperability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-10

    systems. There are hundreds of applications used to control joint air operations, to synchronize land forces, and to develop a common operational...plan and synchronize the employment of 5 combat power (Department of Defense 2010c, II-9). The subsystem that facilitates graphics-oriented...during the battle recounts, “we had so many different assets up in the air . . . they were stacked up on so many different levels” ( Jung 2009

  2. Missing in Action: Where Are the Air Force’s Geographic Combatant Commanders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    worship at the altar of technology. The airplane from its inception has been an expression of the miracle of technology.”12 The Air Force’s love ...Nichols also gave the 1 Wiley L . Barnes, "A New Vector for Air Force Development of Joint Leaders...budgeting decisions and leadership assignments. Budgeting decisions such as priority being given to the F-22, F-35, and space programs point to a love of

  3. Final Environmental Assessment for the First Air Force Air Operations Center, First Air Force Headquarters/Air Force Forces Center, and Highway 98 Overpass at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    to contact Sandra Veazey at (850) 595-8300 for additional information on asbestos issues. The Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) supports...The notification form for the Department can be found at the following web address:. The Air Force is advised to contact Sandra Veazey at (850) 595

  4. Environmental Assessment for Air Force Research Laboratory Space Vehicles Integrated Experiments Division Office Space at Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY SPACE VEHICLES INTEGRATED EXPERMENTS DIVISION OFFICE SPACE AT KIRTLAND AIR FORCE ... Kirtland Air Force Base (KAFB). The office building would house the Air Force Research Laboratory Space Vehicles Integrated Experiments Division...ADDRESS(ES) Air Force Research Laboratory ,Space Vehicles Directorate,3550 Aberdeen Ave. SE, Kirtland

  5. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 1967, Twenty Second Edition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1967-09-30

    tests as part of the Air Force’s support of the National Sonic Boom Evaluation Program. (FOUO) 18 January 1967 A Titan III-C launched a second. group...Strategic Air Command and the North American Air Defense Command participated in a joint training exercise, TOP RUNG XV. The operation evaluated ...SnlA1’IXIIC • IlEI’EIlSIVE Figbter Interceptor !I . . . . . . Airborne Barly Warning and Control • Pofenae Syatem Evaluation .. • Air Defenee Mila11e

  6. Challenges of Enterprise Wide AM for Air Force Sustainment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-01

    December 2016 Naguy is chief of the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center’s Product Support Engineering Division at Wright Patterson Air Force Base in...today and into the future. To truly capitalize on the full potential of AM, the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center (AFLCMC) in close collabora...approach for material standards and quality include un- derstanding powder characteristics, developing an enterprise material characterization

  7. Evaluation of Air Force and Navy Demand Forecasting Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    forecasting approach, the Air Force Material Command is questioning the adoption of the Navy’s Statistical Demand Forecasting System ( Gitman , 1994). The...Recoverable Item Process in the Requirements Data Bank System is to manage reparable spare parts ( Gitman , 1994). Although RDB will have the capability of...D062) ( Gitman , 1994). Since a comparison is made to address Air Force concerns, this research only limits its analysis to the range of Air Force

  8. Obstacles to the Termination of Air Force Activities.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    sugsts how. it the Air Force leadership con- eludes that termination is necessary the Air Force can surmount the obstacles.’ The stud v was cMIduct ed...the Air Force leadership concludes that the termination of a major activity is a promising or necessary management option, the report suggests that it...complicated inter- nal political process; it takes time to work out. The top leadership should begin the process of corporate strategy building and priority

  9. Parenting Attitudes of Expectant Couples Associated with the Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-05-01

    child abuse . These factors are also associated with Air Force life. These inherent risk factors when coupled with negative or abusive parenting attitudes could lead to child abuse . Little attention has been given to parenting attitudes in the Air Force population. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 67 participants in either the new OB orientation classes or the prepared child birth classes at two Air Force bases in the Southwest. The instrument was the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory

  10. NPDES Permit for Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station in Colorado

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Under NPDES permit CO-0034762, the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station is authorized to discharge from the interior storm drainage system and air exhaust stacks at the Cheyenne Mountain Complex in El Paso County, Colorado, to tributaries Fountain Creek.

  11. Air Force UAV’s: The Secret History

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    iA Mitchell Institute Study i Air Force UAVs The Secret History A Mitchell Institute Study July 2010 By Thomas P. Ehrhard Report Documentation Page...DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Air Force UAVs The Secret History 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c... The Secret History 2 Air Force UAVs: The Secret History2 air Force uaVs: The secret history Has any airplane in the past decade captured the public

  12. Environmental Assessment Proposed Demolition Plan Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law , no person shall be subject to a penalty...Demolition Plan Hill Air Force Base, Utah 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) United States Air Force - Air Force Material Command,Hill Air Force

  13. VIEW, FRONT ELEVATION, LOOKING SOUTHSOUTHEAST Mountain Home Air Force ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW, FRONT ELEVATION, LOOKING SOUTH-SOUTHEAST - Mountain Home Air Force Base 1958 Senior Officers' Housing, Colonel's Residence, Tuck Street (originally Locust Street), Mountain Home, Elmore County, ID

  14. Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Operational ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Operational & Hangar Access Aprons, Spanning length of northeast half of Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  15. Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Blast ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Blast Deflector Fences, Northeast & Southwest sides of Operational Apron, Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  16. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-01

    1952. Inactivated on 1 Jul 1957. Redes- of a paddle wheel river boat, Air Force ignated 7o2d Troop Carrier Squadron blue, the windows lighted Air Force ...782d Bombard- hitched to a red wagon with wheels red, ment Squadron (Heavy) on 19 May hub yellow, tires and axles black, the 1943. Activated on 1 Aug...AD-A128 026 COMBAT SQUADRONS OF TOE AIR FORCE WORLD WAR IU) 1OFFICEOF AIR FORCE HISTORY WASHINGTON DC M MAURER UNCLASSIFIED F/G 15/7 NL

  17. Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Solid Rocket ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Solid Rocket Booster Disassembly & Refurbishment Complex, Thrust Vector Control Deservicing Facility, Hangar Road, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

  18. Environmental Assessment for the Air Force Research Laboratory Security Fence Project, Edwards Air Force Base, California

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-26

    Pleistocene/Early-Holocene Prehistory (12,000 to 7,000 BP). The Lake Mojave Period in the southwestern Great Basin comprises a regional manifestation...adaptive patterns with focal exploitation of such habitats (Tetra Tech 2010). Middle-Holocene Prehistory (8,000 to 4,000 BP). Succeeding Lake Mojave in the...Security Fence at Edwards Air Force Base, California Late Holocene Prehistory (4,000 to Contact). With return to more “favorable” environmental

  19. Inspector General, DoD, Oversight of the Air Force Audit Agency Audit of the FY 1996 Air Force Consolidated Financial Statements.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-04-10

    financial statements . We delegated the audit of the FY 1996 Air Force consolidated financial statements to the Air Force Audit Agency on May 17, 1996...This report provides our endorsement of the Air Force Audit Agency disclaimer of opinion on the Air Force consolidated financial statements for FY...1996, along with the Air Force Audit Agency Report of Audit, ’Opinion on Fiscal Year 1996 Air Force Consolidated Financial Statements .’

  20. Forced-Air Warmers and Surgical Site Infections in Patients Undergoing Knee or Hip Arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Austin, Paul N

    2017-01-01

    The majority of the evidence indicates preventing inadvertent perioperative hypothermia reduces the incidence of many perioperative complications. Among the results of inadvertent perioperative hypothermia are increased bleeding, myocardial events, impaired wound healing, and diminished renal function. Most researchers agree there is an increased incidence of surgical site infections in patients who experience inadvertent perioperative hypothermia. Forced-air warming is effective in preventing inadvertent perioperative hypothermia. Paradoxically, forced-air warmers have been implicated in causing surgical site infections in patients undergoing total knee or hip arthroplasty. The results of investigations suggest these devices harbor pathogens and cause unwanted airflow disturbances. However, no significant increases in bacterial counts were found when forced-air warmers were used according to the manufacturer's directions. The results of one study suggested the incidence of surgical site infections in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty was increased when using a forced-air warmer. However these researchers did not control for other factors affecting the incidence of surgical site infections in these patients. Current evidence does not support forced-air warmers causing surgical site infections in patients undergoing total knee or hip arthroplasty. Clinicians must use and maintain these devices as per the manufacturer's directions. They may consider using alternative warming methods. Well-conducted studies are needed to help determine the role of forced-air warmers in causing infections in these patients.

  1. Small Satellites and the DARPA/Air Force Falcon Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Weeks, David J.; Walker, Steven H.; Sackheim, Robert L.

    2004-01-01

    The FALCON ((Force Application and Launch from CONUS) program is a technology demonstration effort with three major components: a Small Launch Vehicle (SLV), a Common Aero Vehicle (CAV), and a Hypersonic Cruise Vehicle (HCV). Sponsored by DARPA and executed jointly by the United States Air Force and DARPA with NASA participation, the objectives are to develop and demonstrate technologies that will enable both near-term and far-term capability to execute time-critical, global reach missions. The focus of this paper is on the SLV as it relates to small satellites and the implications of lower cost to orbit for small satellites. The target recurring cost for placing 1000 pounds payloads into a circular reference orbit of 28.5 degrees at 100 nautical miles is $5,000,000 per launch. This includes range costs but not the payload or payload integration costs. In addition to the nominal 1000 pounds to LEO, FALCON is seeking delivery of a range of orbital payloads from 220 pounds to 2200 pounds to the reference orbit. Once placed on alert status, the SLV must be capable of launch within 24 hours.

  2. Task force on deterrence of air piracy : final report.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1978-11-01

    In February 1969, as the frequency of hijacking of U.S. air carrier aircraft was rising to an all-time high, the Federal Aviation Administration established a multi-disciplinary Task Force on Deterrence of Air Piracy. The work of the Task Force in de...

  3. United States Air Force Child Care Center Infant Care Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Ardyn; And Others

    Intended to guide Air Force infant caregivers in providing high quality group care for infants 6 weeks to 6 months of age, this infant care guide must be used in conjunction with other Air Force regulations on day care, such as AFR 215-1, Volume VI (to be renumbered AFR 215-27). After a brief introductory chapter (Chapter I), Chapter II indicates…

  4. 19. DETAIL OF AIR FORCE WEATHER INFORMATION TERMINAL AND CHART ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. DETAIL OF AIR FORCE WEATHER INFORMATION TERMINAL AND CHART RECORDER LOCATED IMMEDIATELY NORTH OF CONSOLE IN PHOTOS A-15 THROUGH A-18. - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Operations Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  5. Living History: Pioneering Bandswomen of the United States Air Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Jeananne

    2015-01-01

    This narrative describes two United States Air Force bandswomen whose combined careers span the past sixty years. Cornetist Martha (Martye) Jean Awkerman joined the U.S. Women in the Air Force (WAF) Band in 1955. She served the WAF band as cornet soloist and principal trumpet until the band was disbanded in 1961. In 1983, tubist Jan Duga joined…

  6. Some Factors Influencing Air Force Simulator Training Effectiveness. Technical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caro, Paul W.

    A study of U.S. Air Force simulator training was conducted to identify factors that influence the effectiveness of such training and to learn how its effectiveness is being determined. The research consisted of a survey of ten representative Air Force simulator training programs and a review of the simulator training research literature. A number…

  7. Enabling Air Force Satellite Ground System Automation Through Software Engineering

    DTIC Science & Technology

    US Air Force satellite ground stations require significant manpower to operate due to their fragmented legacy architectures . To improve operating...daily operations, but also the development, maintainability, and the extensibility of such systems. This thesis researches challenges to Air Force...satellite automation: 1) existing architecture of legacy systems, 2) space segment diversity, and 3) unclear definition and scoping of the term, automation

  8. Air Force Leadership Development: Transformation’s Constant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-05-01

    AU/SCHOOL/NNN/2001-04 DEPARTMENT OF STATE SENIOR SEMINAR NATIONAL FOREIGN AFFAIRS TRAINING CENTER AIR FORCE LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT...valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE MAY 2003 2. REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Air Force Leadership ...6 THE LEADERSHIP ESSENTIALS

  9. Air Force Materiel Command: A Survey of Performance Measures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-03-12

    AIR FORCE MATERIEL COMMAND: A SURVEY OF PERFORMANCE MEASURES THESIS Marcia Leonard, Capt...AFIT/GLM/ENS/04-10 AIR FORCE MATERIEL COMMAND: A SURVEY OF PERFORMANCE MEASURES THESIS Presented to the Faculty...SURVEY OF PERFORMANCE MEASURES Marcia Leonard, BS Capt, USAF Approved: //signed// 12 March 2004

  10. Wireless Sensor Network Applications for the Combat Air Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-13

    WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK APPLICATIONS FOR THE COMBAT AIR FORCES GRADUATE RESEARCH PROJECT...Government. AFIT/IC4/ENG/06-05 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK APPLICATIONS FOR THE COMBAT AIR FORCES GRADUATE RESEARCH PROJECT Presented to the...Major, USAF June 2006 APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED AFIT/IC4/ENG/06-05 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK APPLICATIONS

  11. Preliminary Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Air Force Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitola, Bart M.

    The Airman Enlistment Questionnaire was administered to a sample of non prior service enlistees, 1,667 males and 300 females. Analysis of the responses shows (1)educational opportunity is the strongest motivator for enlisting in the Air Force; (2) there is an indication that Air Force advertising should make different appeals to men and women; and…

  12. Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1983

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morrell, Frederick R. (Compiler)

    1987-01-01

    The research conducted during 1983 under the NASA/FAA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The material was presented at a conference held at the Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center, Altantic City, New Jersey, December 16, 1983. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by NASA Langley Research Center and the Federal Aviation Administration, one each with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio University, and Princeton University. Completed works, status reports, and bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include navigation, guidance, control, and display concepts. An overview of the year's activities for each of the universities is also presented.

  13. Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1987

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morrell, Frederick R. (Compiler)

    1989-01-01

    The research conducted during 1987 under the NASA/FAA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of 3 grants sponsored by NASA-Langley and the FAA, one each with the MIT, Ohio Univ., and Princeton Univ. Completed works, status reports, and annotated bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include computer science, guidance and control theory and practice, aircraft performance, flight dynamics, and applied experimental psychology. An overview of the year's activities for each university is also presented.

  14. Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1984

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morrell, Frederick R. (Compiler)

    1987-01-01

    The research conducted during 1984 under the NASA/FAA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by NASA Langley Research Center and the Federal Aviation Administration, one each with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio University, and Princeton University. Completed works, status reports, and bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include navigation, guidance, control and display concepts. An overview of the year's activities for each of the schools is also presented.

  15. Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1988-1989

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morrell, Frederick R. (Compiler)

    1990-01-01

    The research conducted during 1988 to 1989 under the NASA/FAA-sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research is summarized. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by NASA Langley Research Center and the Federal Aviation Administration, one each with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio University, and Princeton University. Completed works, status reports, and annotated bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include computer science, guidance and control theory and practice, aircraft performance, flight dynamics, and applied experimental psychology. An overview of the year's activities for each university is also presented.

  16. Setup: What the Air Force Did in Vietnam and Why

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-01

    4, no. 2 (Fall 1950) : 12 . 18 . Ibid . 19 . Giulio Douhet, The Command ofthe Air, trans . Dino Ferrari, reprinted by the Office of Air Force History...demilitarized zone (DMZ). Ironically, in November 1954, Gen Tran Van Don and other leading Vietnamese generals suggested that the MAAG organize their...Office ofAir Force History, 1981), 36. 37 . Ibid., 49-50. 38 . According to formerSouth Vietnamese minister ofnational defense Gen Tran Van Don, he and

  17. U.S. Air Force Annual Financial Statement 2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    certain contract financing payments that are not reported elsewhere on Air Force’s Balance Sheet. The Air Force conducts business with commercial...the reporting entity has a contractual commitment for payment is $712.8 million. The Air Force is a party in numerous individual contracts that...promulgated by the Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board; the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular No. A-136, Financial Reporting

  18. Spiritual Development for Strategic Leadership in the Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    millionaire civilian pilot who had grown close to senior Air Force officials and the Thunderbirds.”8 The Thunderbirds are the Air Force’s high...integrated with the other well- known streams of development: cognitive, social , emotional, and moral. The name commonly given is spiritual...and socialize the Air Force core values of “Integrity First, Service Before Self, and Excellence in All We Do,” adopted in 1997. This document states

  19. Air Force Health Study. An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-01

    found to be significantly associated with coordination and a central nervous system index, but cranial nerve function and peripheral nerve status...AD-A237 516 Air Force Health Study A An Epidemiologic In vestigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides SAIC...Smeda SCIENCE APPLICATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY RESEARCH DIVISION INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION ARMSTRONG LABORATORY 8400 Westpark Drive HUMAN SYSTEMS DIVISION

  20. The Air Force Role in Low-Intensity Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-10-01

    attempt, Kabbej was chief pilot of Royal Air Maroc , Morocco’s national airline . He was more than a pilot who happened to gain the trust of the King...Royal Air Maroc . But he kept a reserve commission in the air force. Thus, because of his active duty and reserve service, Kabbej is not regarded in

  1. Testing antismoking messages for Air Force trainees.

    PubMed

    Popova, Lucy; Linde, Brittany D; Bursac, Zoran; Talcott, G Wayne; Modayil, Mary V; Little, Melissa A; Ling, Pamela M; Glantz, Stanton A; Klesges, Robert C

    2016-11-01

    Young adults in the military are aggressively targeted by tobacco companies and are at high risk of tobacco use. Existing antismoking advertisements developed for the general population might be effective in educating young adults in the military. This study evaluated the effects of different themes of existing antismoking advertisements on perceived harm and intentions to use cigarettes and other tobacco products among Air Force trainees. In a pretest-post-test experiment, 782 Airmen were randomised to view antismoking advertisements in 1 of 6 conditions: anti-industry, health effects+anti-industry, sexual health, secondhand smoke, environment+anti-industry or control. We assessed the effect of different conditions on changes in perceived harm and intentions to use cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, hookah and cigarillos from pretest to post-test with multivariable linear regression models (perceived harm) and zero-inflated Poisson regression model (intentions). Antismoking advertisements increased perceived harm of various tobacco products and reduced intentions to use. Advertisements featuring negative effects of tobacco on health and sexual performance coupled with revealing tobacco industry manipulations had the most consistent pattern of effects on perceived harm and intentions. Antismoking advertisements produced for the general public might also be effective with a young adult military population and could have spillover effects on perceptions of harm and intentions to use other tobacco products besides cigarettes. Existing antismoking advertising may be a cost-effective tool to educate young adults in the military. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  2. Soft tissue balance changes depending on joint distraction force in total knee arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Nagai, Kanto; Muratsu, Hirotsugu; Matsumoto, Tomoyuki; Miya, Hidetoshi; Kuroda, Ryosuke; Kurosaka, Masahiro

    2014-03-01

    The influence of joint distraction force on intraoperative soft tissue balance was evaluated using Offset Repo-Tensor® for 78 knees that underwent primary posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty. The joint center gap and varus ligament balance were measured between osteotomized surfaces using 20, 40 and 60 lbs of joint distraction force. These values were significantly increased at extension and flexion as the distraction force increased. Furthermore, lateral compartment stiffness was significantly lower than medial compartment stiffness. Thus, larger joint distraction forces led to larger varus ligament balance and joint center gap, because of the difference in soft tissue stiffness between lateral and medial compartments. These findings indicate the importance of the strength of joint distraction force in the assessment of soft tissue balance, especially when using gap-balancing technique. © 2014.

  3. Joint contact forces can be reduced by improving joint moment symmetry in below-knee amputee gait simulations.

    PubMed

    Koelewijn, Anne D; van den Bogert, Antonie J

    2016-09-01

    Despite having a fully functional knee and hip in both legs, asymmetries in joint moments of the knee and hip are often seen in gait of persons with a unilateral transtibial amputation (TTA), possibly resulting in excessive joint loading. We hypothesize that persons with a TTA can walk with more symmetric joint moments at the cost of increased effort or abnormal kinematics. The hypothesis was tested using predictive simulations of gait. Open loop controls of one gait cycle were found by solving an optimization problem that minimizes a combination of walking effort and tracking error in joint angles, ground reaction force and gait cycle duration. A second objective was added to penalize joint moment asymmetry, creating a multi-objective optimization problem. A Pareto front was constructed by changing the weights of the objectives and three solutions were analyzed to study the effect of increasing joint moment symmetry. When the optimization placed more weight on moment symmetry, walking effort increased and kinematics became less normal, confirming the hypothesis. TTA gait improved with a moderate increase in joint moment symmetry. At a small cost of effort and abnormal kinematics, the peak hip extension moment in the intact leg was decreased significantly, and so was the joint contact force in the knee and hip. Additional symmetry required a significant increase in walking effort and the joint contact forces in both hips became significantly higher than in able-bodied gait. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1991-1992

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morrell, Frederick R. (Compiler)

    1993-01-01

    This report summarizes the research conducted during the academic year 1991-1992 under the FAA/NASA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research. The year end review was held at Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, June 18-19, 1992. The Joint University Program is a coordinated set of three grants sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration and NASA Langley Research Center, one each with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (NGL-22-009-640), Ohio University (NGR-36-009-017), and Princeton University (NGL-31-001-252). Completed works, status reports, and annotated bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include navigation, guidance and control theory and practice, intelligent flight control, flight dynamics, human factors, and air traffic control processes. An overview of the year's activities for each university is also presented.

  5. Joint University Program for Air Transportation Research, 1989-1990

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morrell, Frederick R. (Compiler)

    1990-01-01

    Research conducted during the academic year 1989-90 under the NASA/FAA sponsored Joint University Program for Air Transportation research is discussed. Completed works, status reports and annotated bibliographies are presented for research topics, which include navigation, guidance and control theory and practice, aircraft performance, human factors, and expert systems concepts applied to airport operations. An overview of the year's activities for each university is also presented.

  6. Command and Control of Joint Air Operations through Mission Command

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    and outlines the C2 architecture systems, processes, and philosophy of com- mand required to enable mission command effectively. Mission Command...General Dempsey highlights the fact that “trust is the moral sinew that binds the distributed Joint Force 2020 together” and observes that “unless...con- fident about how their subordinates will make decisions and adapt to the dynamic battlespace environment. Processes, Systems, and Philosophy of

  7. Space and Air Force: Rhetoric or Reality

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-04-01

    1997, (introduction). 11 Ibid., 18. 12 Ibid., 17. 13 Notes 13 Joint Operations Coursebook , “Joint Strategic Planning System: CJCS Instruction 3100.01...infrastructures as “the physical and information systems essential to the operations of the economy and government.”22 The NSS also specifies, “but...advances in information technology and competitive pressure to improve efficiency and productivity have created new vulnerabilities to both physical

  8. Rebuilding the Joint Airborne Forward Air Controller: Analyzing Joint Air Tasking Doctrine’s Ability to Facilitate Effective Air-Ground Integration

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-13

    Air Controller: An Analysis of Mosquito Operations in Korea Since the dawn of powered flight, airpower visionaries and land warfare stalwarts have...properly employed, this aid from the sky in assisting during an attack by our own troops or in repelling an attack or counterattack by the enemy greatly...proliferation of airborne Forward Air Controllers. The Mosquito Airborne Tactical Air Coordinator (TAC(A)) role, known as FAC(A) in modern joint

  9. Air quality procedures for civilian airports and air force bases

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1997-04-01

    Air Quality assessments for proposed Federal actions are required for compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act, the Clean Air Act and other environment-related regulations and directives. This handbook is a comprehensive guide intended t...

  10. Cognitive Evaluation of Israeli Air Force Pilot Cadets.

    PubMed

    Gordon, Shirley; Goren, Chen; Carmon, Erez; Shelef, Leah

    2017-04-01

    In aviation psychology, there is a constant need for the cognitive evaluation of pilots as part of operational fitness and safety criteria. A cross-sectional study with comparison between the performance of Israeli Air Force pilot cadets (N = 318) and U.S. Air Force pilot training candidates (N = 512) as assessed by a cognitive battery was undertaken. The data of the comparison group was collected from Callister, King, and Retzlaff, as published in 1996. In general, the means in the three components composing the battery-speed, accuracy, and throughput variables-indicated that the Israeli Air Force pilot cadets' scores were higher than those of the U.S. Air Force pilot candidates' scores in 50 of 53 variables. Nonsignificant differences were found in Accuracy of shifting attention-arrow color (SATAC), pathfinder-combined (PFC), and pathfinder-letter (PFL). The difference in performance between the two groups may be due to differences in population characteristics. However, these results need to be considered cautiously, as the groups were sampled at a sizeable time gap (1996 for the U.S. Air Force vs. 2013 for the Israeli Air Force), with each time period characterized by different cultural and technological influences.Gordon S, Goren C, Carmon E, Shelef L. Cognitive evaluation of Israeli Air Force pilot cadets. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(4):392-398.

  11. 76 FR 22083 - U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-20

    ...'t Tell'' way ahead; an Air Force perspective on Diversity; an Ethics briefing; and Air Force Academy... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors Notice of Meeting AGENCY: U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors. ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY...

  12. 76 FR 71333 - U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... Don't Tell;'' a National and Air Force perspective on Diversity; the Air Force Academy Athletic... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors Notice of Meeting AGENCY: U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors. ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY: In...

  13. 76 FR 28215 - U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-16

    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Department of the Air Force, U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, DoD. ACTION... 102-3.150, the Department of Defense announces that the United States Air Force Scientific Advisory...

  14. 75 FR 32750 - US Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-09

    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force US Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Department of the Air Force, US Air Force Scientific Advisory Board. ACTION: Meeting....150, the Department of Defense announces that the United States Air Force Scientific Advisory Board...

  15. 76 FR 65187 - U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Notice of Meeting AGENCY: US Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, Department of the Air Force, DoD. ACTION: Meeting Cancellation Notice. SUMMARY: Due to difficulties, beyond the control of the U.S. Air Force...

  16. 76 FR 18537 - U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-04

    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Department of the Air Force, US Air Force Scientific Advisory Board. ACTION... 102-3.150, the Department of Defense announces that the United States Air Force Scientific Advisory...

  17. 77 FR 22770 - U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-17

    ... extended use of Air Force Space Command space-based sensors. In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Department of the Air Force, U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board. ACTION...

  18. United States Air Force Summer Research Program -- 1993. Volume 3. Phillips Laboratory

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    PHILLIPS LABORATORY KIRTLAND AIR FORCE BASE, NEW MEXICO SPONSORED BY: AIR FORCE OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ROLLING AIR FORCE BASE, WASHINGTON ,D.C...Report for. Summer Faculty Research Program at Phillips Laboratory Kirtland Air Force Base Sponsored by: Air Force Offlce of Scientific Research ...Prcgram Phillips Laboratory Kirtland

  19. Absenteeism Among Air Force Active Duty and Civilian Personnel.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    Fitzgibbons, Dale and Michael Moch. "Employee Absenteeism : A Multivariate Analysis with Replication," Organizational Behavior and Human Performance ...AD-A161 073 ABSENTEEISM AMONG AIR FORCE ACTIVE DUTY AND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL(U) AIR FORCE INST OF TECH IRIGHT-PRTTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND...8217o 7 ABSENTEEISM AMONG AIR FORCE ACTIUE DUTY AND CIUILIAN PERSONNEL THESIS William M. Getter Captain, USAF AF IT/GLM/LSB/5S-27 DT|C ELECTE SNOVI 2Q8 v

  20. Air Force Science and Technology Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    charged particles and guide high- power microwaves and radiofrequency waves in the air • Bioenergy – developing renewable biosolar hydrogen...Aeronautical sciences, control sciences, structures and integration Directed Energy High- power microwaves , lasers, beam control, space situational...Propulsion Turbine and rocket engines, advanced propulsion systems , system -level thermal management, and propulsion fuels and propellants Sensors Air

  1. U.S. Air Force Doctrine: A Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    of Air Power." This document provided the independence long desired by proponents of a separate air force. It recognized the role of air superiority...guidance. First, AFM 1-1 fails to adequately address the corduct of war across the spectrum of conflict. The document tails to address the Vietnam war...have made it possible--in deed necessary-to update the doctrine;" "Air Force puts 3-2 in a class by itself and has given it superstar status billing

  2. Analysis of Air Force Secondary Power Logistics Solution Contract

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-21

    IL 62225 SUBJECT: Audit. Analysis of Air Force Secondary Power Logistics Solution Contract, 748th Supply Chain Management Group, Hill Air Fon:r... Power Logis.tics Solution Contnict. 748111 Supply Ch.,in Management Group. !-lill Air FOfC! BII.SI!, UT (Project 02009· DOOOCH·0213.000) I. AUlIctlcd...00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Analysis of Air Force Secondary Power Logistics Solution Contract 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT

  3. At the Crossroads of Cyber Warfare: Signposts for the Royal Australian Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    At the Crossroads of Cyber Warfare : Signposts for the Royal Australian Air Force by Craig Stallard, Squadron leader, Royal...in the conduct of cyber warfare . The 2009 Defence White Paper provided some clarity by indentifying cyber warfare as critical to the maintenance...of national security, but left open the most important issue: should cyber warfare be a joint engagement or a service oriented fight? The RAAF

  4. An Analysis of AAFES and Its Relevance to the Future of the Army and Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-12

    benefits of this organization and are there any viable alternatives? Background and Significance AAFES provides retail goods and services to a select...relative to cost, benefit , and alternative options. Assumptions This study is based on the assumptions that AAFES and the MWR programs of the Army...AAFES is a joint Army and Air Force non-appropriated fund instrumentality (NAFI) charged with operating retail and service activities for the benefit

  5. The United States Air Force Basic Documents on Roles and Missions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    that may be established from time to time. (16) Quartermaster market centers. (17) Technical service repair shops. (18) Other installations that...development and strategy , and to advise the Joint Chiefs of Staff in con- nection therewith; and (6) to perform such other duties as the Secretary of...regard to recreational athletics and other recreational activities. d. The United States Air Force will establish their own pro- cedures pertaining

  6. Engendering Cyber-Mindedness in the United States Air Force Cyber Officer Corps

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    Transforming For Joint Operations, 4. 3 Walter McDougall , …the Heavens and the Earth : A Political History of the Space Age (New York: Basic Books, 1985...1998), 53. 5 Walter McDougall , …the Heavens and the Earth , 107. 6 David N. Spires, Beyond Horizons: A Half Century of Air Force Space...reputation as a political mastermind and 24 Walter McDougall , …the Heavens and the Earth , 143. 25

  7. Force Structure: Better Information Needed to Support Air Force A-10 and Other Future Divestment Decisions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-08-01

    estimate should have a standardized structure that breaks costs into discrete elements with sufficient detail to ensure that cost elements are...FORCE STRUCTURE Better Information Needed to Support Air Force A-10 and Other Future Divestment Decisions Report...Accountability Office Highlights of GAO-16-816, a report to congressional committees August 2016 FORCE STRUCTURE Better Information Needed to Support

  8. The Air Advisor: The Face of US Air Force Engagement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    Zadalis, USAF Nestled in the local townships of small-town New Jersey is an Air Education and Training Command (AETC) schoolhouse with a small faculty of...of the 36th Airlift Squadron at Yokota Air Base (AB), Ja- pan, preparing these Airmen for the multiple partner-nation engage- ment activities planned...comprise the newly activated US Aviation Detachment, 52nd Operations Group’s Detachment 1, assigned to Lask AB, Poland. Four instructors from the Air

  9. Intra-Articular Knee Contact Force Estimation During Walking Using Force-Reaction Elements and Subject-Specific Joint Model.

    PubMed

    Jung, Yihwan; Phan, Cong-Bo; Koo, Seungbum

    2016-02-01

    Joint contact forces measured with instrumented knee implants have not only revealed general patterns of joint loading but also showed individual variations that could be due to differences in anatomy and joint kinematics. Musculoskeletal human models for dynamic simulation have been utilized to understand body kinetics including joint moments, muscle tension, and knee contact forces. The objectives of this study were to develop a knee contact model which can predict knee contact forces using an inverse dynamics-based optimization solver and to investigate the effect of joint constraints on knee contact force prediction. A knee contact model was developed to include 32 reaction force elements on the surface of a tibial insert of a total knee replacement (TKR), which was embedded in a full-body musculoskeletal model. Various external measurements including motion data and external force data during walking trials of a subject with an instrumented knee implant were provided from the Sixth Grand Challenge Competition to Predict in vivo Knee Loads. Knee contact forces in the medial and lateral portions of the instrumented knee implant were also provided for the same walking trials. A knee contact model with a hinge joint and normal alignment could predict knee contact forces with root mean square errors (RMSEs) of 165 N and 288 N for the medial and lateral portions of the knee, respectively, and coefficients of determination (R2) of 0.70 and -0.63. When the degrees-of-freedom (DOF) of the knee and locations of leg markers were adjusted to account for the valgus lower-limb alignment of the subject, RMSE values improved to 144 N and 179 N, and R2 values improved to 0.77 and 0.37, respectively. The proposed knee contact model with subject-specific joint model could predict in vivo knee contact forces with reasonable accuracy. This model may contribute to the development and improvement of knee arthroplasty.

  10. Bidirectional transfer between joint and individual actions in a task of discrete force production.

    PubMed

    Masumoto, Junya; Inui, Nobuyuki

    2017-07-01

    The present study examined bidirectional learning transfer between joint and individual actions involving discrete isometric force production with the right index finger. To examine the effects of practice of joint action on performance of the individual action, participants performed a pre-test (individual condition), practice blocks (joint condition), and a post-test (individual condition) (IJI task). To examine the effects of practice of the individual action on performance during the joint action, the participants performed a pre-test (joint condition), practice blocks (individual condition), and a post-test (joint condition) (JIJ task). Whereas one participant made pressing movements with a target peak force of 10% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) in the individual condition, two participants produced the target force of the sum of 10% MVC produced by each of them in the joint condition. In both the IJI and JIJ tasks, absolute errors and standard deviations of peak force were smaller post-test than pre-test, indicating bidirectional transfer between individual and joint conditions for force accuracy and variability. Although the negative correlation between forces produced by two participants (complementary force production) became stronger with practice blocks in the IJI task, there was no difference between the pre- and post-tests for the negative correlation in the JIJ task. In the JIJ task, the decrease in force accuracy and variability during the individual action did not facilitate complementary force production during the joint action. This indicates that practice performed by two people is essential for complementary force production in joint action.

  11. The Indian Air Force. Trends and Prospects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    develops its own armed helicopters, which are likely to be more cost- effective . See Air Marshal R. D, Sahni, "India’s Air Power Strategy for the 1990’s...War, in which air power played a more dominant, effective , and visible role than in the past, many nations may attempt to increase their own emphasis on...with retired IAF officers, civilian officials, journalists, and academics, Evaluations of the IAF’s role in India’s wars, IAF strategy , training

  12. CONTROL BUILDING, WEST FRONT SHOWING ENTRANCE Edwards Air Force ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    CONTROL BUILDING, WEST FRONT SHOWING ENTRANCE - Edwards Air Force Base, X-15 Engine Test Complex, Firing Control Building, Rogers Dry Lake, east of runway between North Base & South Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  13. STS-92 - Landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2000-10-24

    With its drag parachute deployed to help slow it down, the Space Shuttle Discovery rolls down the runway after landing at Edwards Air Force Base in Southern California at the conclusion of mission STS-92 on October 24, 2000.

  14. Looking north Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Looking north - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Electric Substation, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  15. View of building 11070 showing vents and forced air system ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of building 11070 showing vents and forced air system on east side, looking southwest. - Naval Ordnance Test Station Inyokern, China Lake Pilot Plant, Maintenance Shop, C Street, China Lake, Kern County, CA

  16. Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Vehicle ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Vehicle Refueling Station, Northeast of AGE Storage Facility at far northwest end of Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  17. General view. View to southwest Offutt Air Force Base, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    General view. View to southwest - Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Vehicle Refueling Station, Northeast of AGE Storage Facility at far northwest end of Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  18. SECTION AA, AXONOMETRIC Dyess Air Force Base, Atlas F ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    SECTION A-A, AXONOMETRIC - Dyess Air Force Base, Atlas F Missle Site S-8, Launch Control Center (LCC), Approximately 3 miles east of Winters, 500 feet southwest of Highway 17700, northwest of Launch Facility, Winters, Runnels County, TX

  19. FLOOR PLAN Dyess Air Force Base, Atlas F Missle ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    FLOOR PLAN - Dyess Air Force Base, Atlas F Missle Site S-8, Launch Control Center (LCC), Approximately 3 miles east of Winters, 500 feet southwest of Highway 17700, northwest of Launch Facility, Winters, Runnels County, TX

  20. SECTION BB, FLOOR PLAN Dyess Air Force Base, Atlas ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    SECTION B-B, FLOOR PLAN - Dyess Air Force Base, Atlas F Missle Site S-8, Launch Facility, Approximately 3 miles east of Winters, 500 feet southwest of Highway 1770, center of complex, Winters, Runnels County, TX

  1. Space chimp Enos returns to Patrick Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1961-01-01

    Enos the chimpanzee that orbited the earth twice in a Mercury spacecraft arrives back at Patrick Air Force Base. Enos landed some 220 nautical miles south of Bermuda and was picked up up by the U.S.S. Stormes.

  2. Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Clear Air Force Station, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Ballistic Missile Early Warning System - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

  3. Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, The Solid ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, The Solid Rocket Booster Assembly and Refurbishment Facility Manufacturing Building, Southeast corner of Schwartz Road and Contractors Road, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

  4. Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Hydraulic ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Hydraulic Fluid Buildings, Northeast of Looking Glass Avenue at southwest side of Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  5. Cut Bank Municipal Airport and Army Air Force Base, Terminal ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Cut Bank Municipal Airport and Army Air Force Base, Terminal Building, Approximately 390 yards west of Valier Highway (Montana Route 358), three miles southwest of Cut Bank, Cut Bank, Glacier County, MT

  6. Interior, looking northeast Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior, looking northeast - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Microwave Equipment Building, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

  7. Comparison of 20-, 23-, and 25-gauge air infusion forces.

    PubMed

    Machado, Leonardo Martins; Magalhães, Octaviano; Maia, Mauricio; Rodrigues, Eduardo B; Farah, Michel Eid; Ismail, Kamal A R; Molon, Leandro; Oliveira, Danilo A

    2011-11-01

    To determine and compare 20-, 23-, and 25-gauge retinal infusion air jet impact pressure (force per unit area) in an experimental setting. Experimental laboratory investigation. Infusion cannulas were connected to a compressed air system. A controlled valve mechanism was used to obtain increasing levels of infusion pressure. Each infusion tube was positioned in front of a manual transducer to measure force. Impact pressure was calculated using known formulas in fluid dynamics. The 20-gauge infusion jet showed similar impact pressure values compared with the 23-gauge infusion jet. Both showed higher levels than the 25-gauge infusion jet. This was because of the smaller jet force for the 25-gauge system. In this experimental study, both the 23- and the 20-gauge air infusion jet showed higher impact pressure values compared with the 25-gauge air infusion jet. This could be of concern regarding air infusion during 23-gauge vitrectomy since retinal damage has been shown in standard-gauge surgeries.

  8. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 14, Number 2, 2006

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    homes located off base), reimburs - able service agreements are created between the housing development’s project owner and both the Air Force...Just as with security, fire protection is provided by the on-base fire department on a reimbursable basis. At a recent fire at Hanscom AFB, Mass... reimbursable clients; and programming functions. Input of this “living record” allows the database to manage the 5-Year Plan so 16 AIR FORCE CIVIL

  9. Physical Profiling Performance of Air Force Primary Care Providers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-08-09

    AFRL-SA-WP-TR-2017-0014 Physical Profiling Performance of Air Force Primary Care Providers Anthony P. Tvaryanas1; William P...COVERED (From – To) September 2016 – January 2017 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Physical Profiling Performance of Air Force Primary Care Providers...encounter with their primary care team. An independent medical standards subject matter expert (SME) reviewed encounters in the electronic health record

  10. COIN in Cyberspace: Focusing Air Force Doctrine Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    cyberspace and began codifying its cyber warfare doctrine. This effort is hampered, however, by a limited understanding of cyberspace by rank and file Air...Force members. Many believe cyberspace and cyber warfare are the responsibility of the communications community. If this new doctrine is to be...doctrine to build upon, the Air Force can create unity of effort among Airmen at all levels, ensure unity of purpose in the prosecution of cyber warfare , and

  11. The United States Strategic Bombing Survey and Air Force Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    a picture of Air Force doctrine after World War II. Published official Air Force doctrine is evaluated, but is not the sole source as it was tardy ...126. 21 Anderson’s Military Analysis Division had a similar response to the Naval Analysis Division’s report, The Philippines Campaign. Samples...of their response are shown below. Comment No. 2. This sentence concluded that the defeat in the Philippines campaign would constitute the final

  12. Achieving the Air Force’s Energy Vision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    sor of logistics and supply chain management at AFIT. The US Air Force is the largest con -sumer of energy in the federal gov-ernment, spending $9...technology, motors , advanced bat- teries, and ultracapacitors. AFIT is playing a critical role in meeting Air Force and industry demand for more...Flight Design displayed a parallel hybrid-electric propul- sion system with an ICE and electric motor (fig. 2) for a general aviation aircraft. A

  13. Charting the Course for a New Air Force Inspection System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    are down the hall from 3 All normative or prescriptive statements in this section reflect statements we heard from Air Force personnel. reducing the...in multiple forms. The responses we heard in the field tell us that the Air Force will achieve a better reception for MICT if its leadership first...primarily from the theory of High Reliability Organizations (HROs) pioneered by Karlene H. Roberts,9 whose work owed a great deal to the same body of

  14. Diversity Within the U.S. Air Force Senior Leadership

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-17

    15 1 Introduction The United States Air Force is committed to equal opportunity and diversity within its ranks. According to...Office. Diversity and Equal Opportunity in Our Air Force. AFTV Video. 9 min., March 2009. 2 What is diversity and is it important? When...attributes reflect unchangeable human differences that are either inborn or developed in our early socialization . Secondary dimensions of diversity

  15. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 15, Number 3, 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Korea during the winter. The runway is made of pierced steel plank . (U.S. Air Force photo) Transforming Air Force Firefighting...expect the fire chief and fire marshal to inform installation leadership when the mission is potentially impacted and to advocate risk mitigation...measures, and we expect leadership to listen. The use of “manage” in the phrase indicates that FES flights are expected to manage the event to the

  16. Zero-Base Budgeting Impact on Air Force Laboratories.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    discon- tinued. ZBB later surfaced, some think originated, at Texas Instruments, having been introduced by Peter Phyrr in 1968.21 Jimmy Carter, then...little more sense to some people and a little less to others. It just does not hang together as a presentation of agency policies. There are more...8217s the Air Force formed the Air Force Management Improvement Group to address people inter- actions and how they fit the future needs. The emphasis of

  17. Modeling U.S. Air Force Occupational Health Costs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    for the 75th Aerospace Medicine Group, Hill Air Force Base, Utah. Bioenvironmental engineers sought a more robust cost comparison tool, allowing...to Major Feltenberger and Major Johns at the Air Force Medical Operations Agency and Captain Batchellor from the 75th Aerospace Medicine Squadron...resources on support functions is challenging, and rightly so. In a sense, commanders are fiduciaries to the taxpayers and must responsibly spend

  18. Environmental Assessment: Proposed Training Facilities, Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-08

    FA8201-09-D-0002 Facilities, Hill Air Force Base, Utah 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Klein, Randal 5d...PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER Streamline Consulting, LLC 1713 N. Sweetwater Lane Farmington, Utah 84025...proposes to construct new training facilities at Hill Air Force Base, Utah . The findings of this EA indicate that the proposed action would not have

  19. The Air Force and Diversity: The Awkward Embrace

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    Space Power Journal | 105 Streeter The Air Force and Diversity Feature eling an intelligence problem at the tactical level, through developing a...careers.2 Discordance exists between Air Force intentions vis-à-vis diversity and any effective programs and policies to retain and develop a di...though the service has initiated formal di- versity efforts, recommended policy and development programs may help develop and retain competent

  20. Military Retirement. Dream or Dilemma for Air Force Chaplains

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-02-01

    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (of the abstract entered in Block 20, ii different Irom Report) I6. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 1S. KEY WORDS (Continue on reverse side...Chaplains by James W. Milisaps, Chaplain, Lt Col, USAF A RESEARCH REPORT SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY IN FULFILLMENT OF THE RESEARCH seFo REQUIREMENT IY&’IC...TAR February 1983 IA ~.t.~ I -- w DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MR WAR COLLEGE (ATC) MAXWELL AIR FORCE BASS, ALABAMA 26112 Office of the Dean School of

  1. 2. GENERAL VIEW OF SLC3 AIR FORCE BUILDING (BLDG. 761) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. GENERAL VIEW OF SLC-3 AIR FORCE BUILDING (BLDG. 761) FROM THE NORTHWEST - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, SLC-3 Air Force Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  2. 1. GENERAL VIEW OF SLC3 AIR FORCE BUILDING (BLDG. 761) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. GENERAL VIEW OF SLC-3 AIR FORCE BUILDING (BLDG. 761) FROM THE SOUTHWEST - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, SLC-3 Air Force Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  3. Techniques of Force and Pressure Measurement in the Small Joints of the Wrist.

    PubMed

    Schreck, Michael J; Kelly, Meghan; Canham, Colin D; Elfar, John C

    2018-01-01

    The alteration of forces across joints can result in instability and subsequent disability. Previous methods of force measurements such as pressure-sensitive films, load cells, and pressure-sensing transducers have been utilized to estimate biomechanical forces across joints and more recent studies have utilized a nondestructive method that allows for assessment of joint forces under ligamentous restraints. A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to explore the numerous biomechanical methods utilized to estimate intra-articular forces. Methods of biomechanical force measurements in joints are reviewed. Methods such as pressure-sensitive films, load cells, and pressure-sensing transducers require significant intra-articular disruption and thus may result in inaccurate measurements, especially in small joints such as those within the wrist and hand. Non-destructive methods of joint force measurements either utilizing distraction-based joint reaction force methods or finite element analysis may offer a more accurate assessment; however, given their recent inception, further studies are needed to improve and validate their use.

  4. Simulation and Experiment Research on Fatigue Life of High Pressure Air Pipeline Joint

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shang, Jin; Xie, Jianghui; Yu, Jian; Zhang, Deman

    2017-12-01

    High pressure air pipeline joint is important part of high pressure air system, whose reliability is related to the safety and stability of the system. This thesis developed a new type-high pressure air pipeline joint, carried out dynamics research on CB316-1995 and new type-high pressure air pipeline joint with finite element method, deeply analysed the join forms of different design schemes and effect of materials on stress, tightening torque and fatigue life of joint. Research team set up vibration/pulse test bench, carried out joint fatigue life contrast test. The result shows: the maximum stress of the joint is inverted in the inner side of the outer sleeve nut, which is consistent with the failure mode of the crack on the outer sleeve nut in practice. Simulation and experiment of fatigue life and tightening torque of new type-high pressure air pipeline joint are better than CB316-1995 joint.

  5. Forced convection heat transfer to air/water vapor mixtures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richards, D. R.; Florschuetz, L. W.

    1984-01-01

    Heat transfer coefficients were measured using both dry and humid air in the same forced convection cooling scheme and were compared using appropriate nondimensional parameters (Nusselt, Prandtl and Reynolds numbers). A forced convection scheme with a complex flow field, two dimensional arrays of circular jets with crossflow, was utilized with humidity ratios (mass ratio of water vapor to air) up to 0.23. The dynamic viscosity, thermal conductivity and specific heat of air, steam and air/steam mixtures are examined. Methods for determining gaseous mixture properties from the properties of their pure components are reviewed as well as methods for determining these properties with good confidence. The need for more experimentally determined property data for humid air is discussed. It is concluded that dimensionless forms of forced convection heat transfer data and empirical correlations based on measurements with dry air may be applied to conditions involving humid air with the same confidence as for the dry air case itself, provided that the thermophysical properties of the humid air mixtures are known with the same confidence as their dry air counterparts.

  6. STS-67 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    The Space Shuttle Endeavour, after completing a mission of almost 17 days duration in space, touches down on runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California. Landing occurred at 1:46 p.m. (EST), March 18, 1995. In this photo the nose gear is still in the air as the orbiter touches down.

  7. Photographic copy of plan drawing, Department of the Air Force, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photographic copy of plan drawing, Department of the Air Force, Air Defense Command Directorate of Installations, May 28, 1954, Civil Engineers Office, in possession of Selfridge Base Museum, Mt. Clemens, Michigan. FLOOR PLAN, 826-198-4 - Selfridge Field, Building No. 199, South of George Avenue between Walnut & Birch Streets, Mount Clemens, Macomb County, MI

  8. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section 644.327 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Procedure for Placing Real Property in Excess Status § 644.327 Air...

  9. The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia: Tactical Airlift

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    in the upper panhandle, resulted in near- disaster . Ten Air Force and eight Air America helicopters successfully inserted the two hundred- man assault...details at squadron level, and the dilemma of the leader tempering his zeal for the mission with the knowledge that one accident resulting from poor...one hundred resupply flights daily. Twenty French battalions in Laos. meanwhile, became entirely dependent on air supply as a result of fresh

  10. AEROMEDICAL EVACUATION: CLINICALLY PREPARING AIR FORCE FLIGHT NURSES

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-10

    AU/ACSC/2016 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY AEROMEDICAL EVACUATION: CLINICALLY PREPARING AIR FORCE FLIGHT NURSES by Michael...15 Figure 6: Patient Movement Visibility……………………………………………………..……16 Figure 7: Clinical Flight Nursing Qualification Criteria...treating each patient’s malady. Flight nurses ensure patients receive safe transport and are treated with dignity. For military members required

  11. The United States Air Force Academy: A Bibliography: 1968 - 1972

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-09-01

    Hist - Aerospace Historian Aero Med - Aerospace Medicine Air Reservist Airman America Armed Forces Compt - Armed Forces Comptroller Armed Forces J...center for aviary medicine . Airman 15:48, May 1971. 235 Jeans, Kit. Children learn at Academy school--CHAP pro- gram. AF Times 30:26, 29 Apr...Indoctrination 10355 Merit lists 10356 Organization 10330 Wing strength 10354 Marihuana incidents 10912 Marriage of cadet 10326

  12. The Maharaja’s New AVTAAR: Air-Refuelling Strategy for the Indian Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    and Lolita C Baldor, "Boeing gets $35 Billion Air Force Tanker Order," Aviation on NBC News.com. Feruary 24, 2011. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/41766812...rakshak.com/NAVY/Ships/Active/156-Nicobar-Class.html (accessed March 23, 2013). Cassata, Donna, and Lolita C Baldor. "Boeing gets $35 Billion Air Force

  13. Promoting Sound Ethical Decisions in the Air Force: CGO Solutions to Air Force Moral and Ethical Lapses

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-01

    The second step is to create a Cross Check program—essentially franchising the Think Tank process in smaller groups across the Air Force as a forum...accessed 20 July 2014). 32  Cross Check Think Tank 14D proposes the implementation of “Cross Check” programs—essentially franchising the Think Tank...Tank Franchise , the meetings would be action-oriented, and networked together throughout the Air Force to provide lessons-learned, 33  resources

  14. United States Air Force Summer Research Program -- 1993. Volume 13. Phillips Laboratory

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    Research Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, NM August 1993 14-1 My Summer Apprenticeship At Kirtland Air Force Base, Phillips Laboratory Andrea Garcia...AFOSR Summer Research Program Phillips Laboratory Sponsored By: Air Force Office of Scientific Research Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, NM... Phillips Laboratory Sponsored by: Air

  15. Analysis of Organizational Architectures for the Air Force Tuition Assistance Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-03-01

    FORCE TUITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM THESIS Krista Zimmerman LaPietra AFIT/GOR/ENS/03-15 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIR UNIVERSITY AIR...ANALYSIS OF ORGANIZATIONAL ARCHITECTURES FOR THE AIR FORCE TUITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department...ANALYSIS OF ORGANIZATIONAL ARCHITECTURES FOR THE AIR FORCE TUITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM Krista Zimmerman LaPietra, BS

  16. Thrust Force Analysis of Tripod Constant Velocity Joint Using Multibody Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sugiura, Hideki; Matsunaga, Tsugiharu; Mizutani, Yoshiteru; Ando, Yosei; Kashiwagi, Isashi

    A tripod constant velocity joint is used in the driveshaft of front wheel drive vehicles. Thrust force generated by this joint causes lateral vibration in these vehicles. To analyze the thrust force, a detailed model is constructed based on a multibody dynamics approach. This model includes all principal parts of the joint defined as rigid bodies and all force elements of contact and friction acting among these parts. This model utilizes a new contact modeling method of needle roller bearings for more precise and faster computation. By comparing computational and experimental results, the appropriateness of this model is verified and the principal factors inducing the second and third rotating order components of the thrust force are clarified. This paper also describes the influence of skewed needle rollers on the thrust force and evaluates the contribution of friction forces at each contact region to the thrust force.

  17. Air Force Officer Specialty Structure. Reviewing the Fundamentals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Corporation, is the U.S. Air Force’s federally funded research and development center for studies and analyses. PAF pro - vides the Air Force with...Shirlene LeBleu for sharing their database and insights about job con - tent and specialty analyses. At the Air Force Manpower Agency, we thank Col...processes. Also, we thank Maj Ernest Wearren (AF/ A1MZ) and Gary Stockinger (AF/A1MX) for sharing their knowledge of the Manpower Pro - gramming Execution

  18. Utility Building Plan, elevations and sections. March Air Force Base, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Utility Building Plan, elevations and sections. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, COmbat Operations Center, Utility Building. By Moffatt and Nichol, Engineers, 122 West Fifth Street, Long Beach, California; for the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Office of the District Engineer, Los Angeles, California. Drawing no. AW-60-02-03, sheet no. 57, approved March, 1962; specifications no. ENG-04-353-62-66; D.O. series AW 1596/57, Rev. "B"; file drawer 1290. Last revised 3 October 1966 "drawings updated." Various scales. 29 x 41 inches. pencil on paper - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Utility Building, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

  19. Welcome to the Air Force Reserve

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    Then, the associate program is described and the flying units in the command are listed. This section closes with a listing of statistics on experience...Operations Structures Coursebook . Edited by Patricia A. Self and Gwen Story. Maxwell AFB, AL. Air Command and Staff College, November 1996. Muradian, Vago

  20. Air Force Materiel Command Reorganization Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    proper leadership, training, force development, and execution of the sustainment processes 5. a culture of collaboration whereby each of the many...organization and the pattern of organizational communication. The “principles of organization” have been relativized by a stream of criticism, and...how dramatic perfor- mance improvements can be achieved by redesigning business processes, organization, and culture . The authors define reengineering

  1. Air Force Pilot Retention: An Economic Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    Force impacts retention. Within the field of labor economics , an alternative labor market theory has developed which contrasts with typical competitive...this section. 60 NOTES ON CHAPTER III 1 Sherwin Rosen. "The Theory of Equalizing Differences," _Handboof•f Labor Economics , Volume 1, (New York

  2. MacDill Air Force Base > Home

    Science.gov Websites

    Force Base, Fla., May 22, 2018. Police Week is a national observance that pays tribute to the law rescue 5 in Tampa Bay Law Day 2018 MacDill Captain discovers endless possibilities MacDill hosts Sexual ., May 22, 2018. Police Week is a national observance that pays tribute to the law enforcement officers

  3. Embouchure Dysfunction in Air Force Band Brass Musicians.

    PubMed

    Storms, Patrick R; Elkins, Candice P; Strohecker, Eric M

    2016-06-01

    Occupational injuries and medical problems in musicians are well described, but relatively less attention has been paid to orofacial and embouchure-related problems in professional brass players. This study addressed embouchure-related problems in Air Force Band members, a population of musicians with an intense practice and performance schedule. A survey was developed and distributed via the Air Force Survey Office to 599 active-duty Air Force Band members and 201 Air National Guard members. The survey assessed practice patterns, practice and performance venues, and presence of symptoms suggesting embouchure dysfunction. Responses were obtained from 167 Air Force Band brass players. Of the 157 responding to the question about embouchure dysfunction, 42% reported having experienced an embouchure problem at some point in the past, and 53% of those respondents reported that they were currently experiencing an embouchure problem. Forty-one percent of those with embouchure problems cited practice venues that were not conducive to effective and efficient practice at the time their embouchure problems began, and 48% of those with embouchure problems reported having to overblow in rehearsal at the time their problems began. Embouchure disorders were reported in a large proportion of Air Force Band brass survey respondents, and specific concerns related to practice venues and the need to overblow in practice settings suggest factors suitable to remediation and preventive strategies.

  4. [Professional psychological selection system in the Air Force - 50 years].

    PubMed

    Pokrovskiĭ, B L

    2014-08-01

    Given the data about the establishment of the professional psychological selection system in the Air Force in 1958-1964 in the NIIIAM Air Force by the team psychological department under the leadership of K.K.Platonova. Given the names of the developers of this system and given the results of their research. The result of all made work the order of Air Force Commander about the introduction of the psychological selection in Higher Military Aviation School of Pilots, starting from a set of 1964 became. Recommendations for professional psychological selection of a wide range of aviation professionals in various fields, and in the future - and other professionals of the Armed Forces, became the results of future work.

  5. Oversight of the Air Force - What is the Audit Component and How Can Air Force Managers Deal with It Effectively?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-01

    This report discusses authority, mission, and responsibilities of the audit organizations that perform oversight of Air Force operations. A...the discussion of the major audit organizations. The audit oversight function is here to stay. Auditors and audit organizations can be beneficial to Air

  6. Clinical effects of leg length discrepancy through ground and joint reaction force responses: A review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zabri, S. W. K. Ali; Basaruddin, K. S.; Salleh, A. F.; Rusli, W. M. R.; Daud, R.

    2017-09-01

    Leg length discrepancy (LLD) is caused either due to functional disorder or shortening of bone structure. This disorder could contribute to the significant effects on body weight distribution and lumbar scoliosis at the certain extend. Ground reaction force and joint reaction force are the parameters that can be used to analyze the responses in weight distribution and kinetics changes on the body joints, respectively. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to review the studies that focus on the clinical effects of LLD to the lower limb and spine through ground and joint reaction force responses that could lead to the orthopedics disorder.

  7. Analysis Systems for Air Force Missions.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-02-28

    satisfying requirements in a cost effective manner. Subroutine libraries were developed for use in the overall systems. These libraries allow for the...anomalies occur or requirements change. A library of HILAT routines has been developed which is used by all processing routines as necessary. Upon...the AIM data were directly applied to the AIRS. Moreover, many of the computer modules in the HILAT library of subroutines have direct application

  8. Waste Minimization Program. Air Force Plant 4.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-02-01

    incinerator equipped with a secondary combustion chamber and venturi scrubber could serve AFP 4’s needs. As the wastes listed in Table 3-6 contain negligible... scrubber water treatment in the AFP 4eatment. waste treatment system. 2.3 ECONOMICS -Table 2-3 summarizes the projected economics of the recommendations for...control devices. These paint booths are equipped with water curtain air scrubbers which remove solids from the booth exhaust by providing - intimate

  9. Air Force Energy Program Policy Memorandum

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-16

    Critical Asset Prioritization Methodology ( CAPM ) tool Manage costs. 3.4.2.5. Metrics Percentage of alternative/renewable fuel used for aviation fuel...supporting critical assets residing on military installations Field the Critical Asset Prioritization Methodology ( CAPM ) tool by Spring 2008. This CAPM ...Increase the number of flexible fuel systems • Identify/develop privately financed/operated energy production on Air Bases • Field the Critical

  10. RAND Project Air Force Annual Report 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Systems: Past Lessons and Future Recommendations, by Obaid Younossi, Mark A. Lorell, Kevin Brancato, Cynthia R. Cook, Mel Eisman, Bernard Fox, John C...Competency Development: Experience from Prince Sultan Air Base and Eskan Village in Saudi Arabia, by Laura Werber Castaneda, Lawrence M. Hanser, and...Proposal, by Michael R. Thirtle, Michael Boito, Ian P. Cook, Bernard Fox, Phyllis Gilmore, Michelle Grace, Jeff Hagen, Thomas Hamilton

  11. Air Force Weight and Fitness Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    Aerobic training is not working. Changes from the field, senior leadership, and researchers are being considered. Faced with the bombardment of...effect. (3:16) The central focus of this physical fitness concept is cardiorespiratory endurance, or aerobic exercise. In the 1960’s, Dr. (Maj) Cooper...cardiorespiratory endurance, generally recognized as Aerobics , depends on the diffusion of oxygen from the air sacs of the lungs into the pulmonary

  12. Shaping Air Mobility Forces for Future Relevance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-01-01

    Published by Air University Press in January 2017 Disclaimer Opinions, conclusions, and recommendations expressed or implied within are solely those of the...other decision makers. Each paper can also be a valuable tool for defining further research. These studies are available elec- tronically or in...CRAF, 415 of which were large and mostly wide-body aircraft suited to international operations.3 The military compo- nents of the NAMS are twofold and

  13. Consolidating Air Force Maintenance Occupational Specialties

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Bill Gilbert . A number of colleagues at RAND, including John Drew, Laura Baldwin, Al Robbert, and Ray Conley, provided support during this effort...Massey, James M. Masters, Raymond A. Pyles, Ricardo Sanchez, Jerry M. Sollinger, Brent Thomas, Robert S. Tripp, and Ben D. Van Roo, Analysis of the Air...MG-872-AF, 2009), Tripp et al. (Robert S. Tripp, Ronald G. McGarvey, Ben D. Van Roo, James M. Masters and Jerry M. Sollinger. A Repair Network

  14. 50TH Project Air Force, 1946 - 1996.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-01-01

    the study results challenged current doctrine on the uses of airpower by suggesting...FORCE gives us a unique opportunity to reflect on past achieve- ments and the legacy they provide for the future. The essays in this volume offer a...montage of per- sonal perspectives on that legacy. While they do not present a comprehensive history they help us grasp the significance of

  15. Air Force Civil Engineering Center Fiscal Year 1978 Air Force Technical Objectives Document.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-12-15

    for the theater airbase, pavement studies, environmental pollution abatement and control, air mobility concepts, energy conservation, fire fighting equipment, air base support, and warm fog dispersal. (Author)

  16. The Air Force Fitness Program and the Challenge of Creating a More Fit Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    their fitness habits. In the early 1990s the Air Force transitioned to the bike test. The Weight Management Program continued with little change. The...member reported that he had lost ten pounds and was walking every day. I along with my Chief Master Sergeant continued to monitor the progress of the... continually high standard. The study 12 will show that the current Air Force fitness program does provide a basic view of fitness, but it does

  17. TOTAL FORCE INTEGRATION: PROVIDING STABILITY FOR CITIZEN SOLDIERS IN AN EVER CHANGING AIR FORCE

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-01

    Active Duty manpower vacancies, such as Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC) instructor duties, are being filled through unique...has invested in a variety of ways to fill manpower gaps, to include using enlisted Active Duty members to conduct what was previously considered...entire Air Force airlift mission, resulting in substantial stressors on civilian careers and family life, which has always been the cornerstone of

  18. Joint force protection advanced security system (JFPASS) "the future of force protection: integrate and automate"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lama, Carlos E.; Fagan, Joe E.

    2009-09-01

    The United States Department of Defense (DoD) defines 'force protection' as "preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against DoD personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information." Advanced technologies enable significant improvements in automating and distributing situation awareness, optimizing operator time, and improving sustainability, which enhance protection and lower costs. The JFPASS Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) demonstrates a force protection environment that combines physical security and Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive (CBRNE) defense through the application of integrated command and control and data fusion. The JFPASS JCTD provides a layered approach to force protection by integrating traditional sensors used in physical security, such as video cameras, battlefield surveillance radars, unmanned and unattended ground sensors. The optimization of human participation and automation of processes is achieved by employment of unmanned ground vehicles, along with remotely operated lethal and less-than-lethal weapon systems. These capabilities are integrated via a tailorable, user-defined common operational picture display through a data fusion engine operating in the background. The combined systems automate the screening of alarms, manage the information displays, and provide assessment and response measures. The data fusion engine links disparate sensors and systems, and applies tailored logic to focus the assessment of events. It enables timely responses by providing the user with automated and semi-automated decision support tools. The JFPASS JCTD uses standard communication/data exchange protocols, which allow the system to incorporate future sensor technologies or communication networks, while maintaining the ability to communicate with legacy or existing systems.

  19. Defense.gov - Special Report: Joint Special Operations Task Force

    Science.gov Websites

    Philippines, looks through an improvised explosive device coloring book that teaches children IED awareness Philippine Forces Challenge Children ILIGAN CITY, Philippines, Feb. 25, 2010 – Philippine national police Force Philippines PHOTO Essays U.S., Philippine Forces Train Together Children of the Philippines Await

  20. Force Reconnaissance: A Key Enabler in the Marine Air Ground Task Force and Beyond

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-13

    round Task Force Advance Force Operations, Deep Reconnaissance, Military Free Fall (MFF), Marine Combatar t Diver ( MCD ), Joint Terminal Attack...Marine Division. These early years focused on developing the doctrine and insertion skills became legendary in the crucible of South East Asia , and...potential for regional powers to threaten critical U.S. interests. Areas of particular concern in the QDR are the Middle East and Asia .41 The United

  1. Joint Effects of Ambient Air Pollutants on Pediatric Asthma Emergency Department Visits in Atlanta, 1998–2004

    EPA Science Inventory

    Background: Because ambient air pollution exposure occurs in the form of mixtures, consideration of joint effects of multiple pollutants may advance our understanding of air pollution health effects. Methods: We assessed the joint effect of selected ambient air pollutant com...

  2. Medicare Reimbursement for Total Joint Arthroplasty: The Driving Forces.

    PubMed

    Padegimas, Eric M; Verma, Kushagra; Zmistowski, Benjamin; Rothman, Richard H; Purtill, James J; Howley, Michael

    2016-06-15

    Total joint arthroplasty is a large and growing part of the U.S. Medicare budget, drawing attention to how much providers are paid for their services. The purpose of this study was to examine the variables that affect total joint arthroplasty reimbursement. Along with standard economic variables, we include unique health-care variables. Given the focus on value in the Affordable Care Act, the model examines the relationship of the quality of care to total joint arthroplasty reimbursement. We hoped to find that reimbursement patterns reward quality and reflect standard economic principles. Multivariable regression was performed to identify variables that correlate with Medicare reimbursement for total joint arthroplasty. Inpatient charge or reimbursement data on Medicare reimbursements were available for 2,750 hospitals with at least 10 discharges for uncomplicated total joint arthroplasty from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) for fiscal year 2011. Reimbursement variability was examined by using the Dartmouth Atlas to group institutions into hospital referral regions and hospital service areas. Independent variables were taken from the Dartmouth Atlas, CMS, the WWAMI (Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho) Rural Health Research Center, and the United States Census. There were 427,207 total joint arthroplasties identified, with a weighted mean reimbursement of $14,324.84 (range, $9,103 to $38,686). Nationally, the coefficient of variation for reimbursements was 0.19. The regression model accounted for 52.5% of reimbursement variation among providers. The total joint arthroplasty provider volume (p < 0.001) and patient satisfaction (p < 0.001) were negatively correlated with reimbursement. Government ownership of a hospital (p < 0.001) and higher Medicare costs (p < 0.001) correlated positively with reimbursement. Medicare reimbursements for total joint arthroplasty are highly variable. Greater reimbursement was associated with lower patient

  3. Final Environmental Assessment: For Construction of a Security Forces Complex on Eglin Air Force Base, FL

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-01

    form of weapons cleaning products and wastes. State of Florida and Air Force regulations have been implemented 05/31/05 Final Environmental Assessment...Forces Complex will generate hazardous materials in the form of weapons cleaning products and wastes. Break-Free CLP Liquid is a cleaner, lubricant

  4. Flextime: A Modified Work Force Scheduling Technique for Selected Headquarters Air Force Logistics Command Organizations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimzey, Reed T.; Prince, Samuel M. O.

    The thesis discusses the advantages and disadvantages of one work force scheduling technique--flextime. The authors were interested in determining if a flextime schedule could be put into effect in a governmental organization such as Headquarters Air Force Logistics Command (AFLC). The study objectives were to determine the feasibility,…

  5. 77 FR 5781 - Record of Decision for the Air Space Training Initiative Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force Record of Decision for the Air Space Training Initiative Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina Final Environmental Impact Statement ACTION: Notice of Availability (NOA) of a Record of Decision (ROD). SUMMARY: On December 9, 2011, the United States Air Force...

  6. Close Air Support and Interdiction Missions as Seen by the Air Force and Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-06-01

    vehicle. Artillery Artillery is the surface weapon that typically causes the greatest destruction on the battlefield. Statistics from World War II show... Coursebook (USAF Air Command and Staff College, 1996), 628. 51. Dunnigan, 458. 52. Stephen Hosmer, Psychological Effects Of U.S. Air Operations In Four...Strategic Structures AY 96. Coursebook , vol. II. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: 1995. Air War—Vietnam. New York, Arno Press, 1978. Atkinson, Rick

  7. Effect of changes of femoral offset on abductor and joint reaction forces in total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Rüdiger, Hannes A; Guillemin, Maïka; Latypova, Adeliya; Terrier, Alexandre

    2017-11-01

    Anatomical reconstruction in total hip arthroplasty (THA) allows for physiological muscle function, good functional outcome and implant longevity. Quantitative data on the effect of a loss or gain of femoral offset (FO) are scarce. The aim of this study was to quantitatively describe the effect of FO changes on abductor moment arms, muscle and joint reactions forces. THA was virtually performed on 3D models built from preoperative CT scans of 15 patients undergoing THA. Virtual THA was performed with a perfectly anatomical reconstruction, a loss of 20% of FO (-FO), and a gain of 20% of FO (+FO). These models were combined with a generic musculoskeletal model (OpenSim) to predict moment arms, muscle and joint reaction forces during normal gait cycles. In average, with -FO reconstructions, muscle moment arms decreased, while muscle and hip forces increased significantly (p < 0.001). We observed the opposite with +FO reconstructions. Gluteus medius was more affected than gluteus minimus. -FO had more effect than +FO. A change of 20% of FO induced an average change 8% of abductor moment arms, 16% of their forces, and 6% of the joint reaction force. To our knowledge, this is the first report providing quantitative data on the effect of FO changes on muscle and joint forces during normal gait. A decrease of FO necessitates an increase of abductor muscle force to maintain normal gait, which in turn increases the joint reaction force. This effect underscores the importance of an accurate reconstruction of the femoral offset.

  8. The collision forces and lower-extremity inter-joint coordination during running.

    PubMed

    Wang, Li-I; Gu, Chin-Yi; Wang, I-Lin; Siao, Sheng-Wun; Chen, Szu-Ting

    2018-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the lower extremity inter-joint coordination of different collision forces runners during running braking phase. A dynamical system approach was used to analyse the inter-joint coordination parameters. Data were collected with six infra-red cameras and two force plates. According to the impact peak of the vertical ground reaction force, twenty habitually rearfoot-strike runners were categorised into three groups: high collision forces runners (HF group, n = 8), medium collision forces runners (MF group, n = 5), and low collision forces runners (LF group, n = 7). There were no significant differences among the three groups in the ankle and knee joint angle upon landing and in the running velocity (p > 0.05). The HF group produced significantly smaller deviation phase (DP) of the hip flexion/extension-knee flexion/extension during the braking phase compared with the MF and LF groups (p < 0.05). The DP of the hip flexion/extension-knee flexion/extension during the braking phase correlated negatively with the collision force (p < 0.05). The disparities regarding the flexibility of lower extremity inter-joint coordination were found in high collision forces runners. The efforts of the inter-joint coordination and the risk of running injuries need to be clarified further.

  9. Influence of clamp-up force on the strength of bolted composite joints

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horn, Walter J.; Schmitt, Ron R.

    1994-03-01

    Composite materials offer the potential for a reduction in the number of individual parts and joints in a structure because large one-piece components can replace multipart assemblies. Nevertheless, there are many situations where composite parts must be joined and often mechanical fasteners provide the only practical method of joining those parts. The long-term strength of mechanically fastened joints of composite members can be directly affected by the clamp-up force of the fastener and thus perhaps by the relaxation of this force due to the viscoelastic character of the composite materials of the joint. Methods for predicting the effect of bolt clamp-up force relaxation on the strength of mechanically fastened joints of thermoplastic composite materials were investigated during the present study. A test program, using two thermoplastic composite materials, was conducted to determine the influence of clamp-up force on joint strength, to measure the relaxation of the joint clamp-up force with time, and to measure the change of joint strength as a function of time.

  10. Subject-specific knee joint geometry improves predictions of medial tibiofemoral contact forces.

    PubMed

    Gerus, Pauline; Sartori, Massimo; Besier, Thor F; Fregly, Benjamin J; Delp, Scott L; Banks, Scott A; Pandy, Marcus G; D'Lima, Darryl D; Lloyd, David G

    2013-11-15

    Estimating tibiofemoral joint contact forces is important for understanding the initiation and progression of knee osteoarthritis. However, tibiofemoral contact force predictions are influenced by many factors including muscle forces and anatomical representations of the knee joint. This study aimed to investigate the influence of subject-specific geometry and knee joint kinematics on the prediction of tibiofemoral contact forces using a calibrated EMG-driven neuromusculoskeletal model of the knee. One participant fitted with an instrumented total knee replacement walked at a self-selected speed while medial and lateral tibiofemoral contact forces, ground reaction forces, whole-body kinematics, and lower-limb muscle activity were simultaneously measured. The combination of generic and subject-specific knee joint geometry and kinematics resulted in four different OpenSim models used to estimate muscle-tendon lengths and moment arms. The subject-specific geometric model was created from CT scans and the subject-specific knee joint kinematics representing the translation of the tibia relative to the femur was obtained from fluoroscopy. The EMG-driven model was calibrated using one walking trial, but with three different cost functions that tracked the knee flexion/extension moments with and without constraint over the estimated joint contact forces. The calibrated models then predicted the medial and lateral tibiofemoral contact forces for five other different walking trials. The use of subject-specific models with minimization of the peak tibiofemoral contact forces improved the accuracy of medial contact forces by 47% and lateral contact forces by 7%, respectively compared with the use of generic musculoskeletal model. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  11. Subject-specific knee joint geometry improves predictions of medial tibiofemoral contact forces

    PubMed Central

    Gerus, Pauline; Sartori, Massimo; Besier, Thor F.; Fregly, Benjamin J.; Delp, Scott L.; Banks, Scott A.; Pandy, Marcus G.; D’Lima, Darryl D.; Lloyd, David G.

    2013-01-01

    Estimating tibiofemoral joint contact forces is important for understanding the initiation and progression of knee osteoarthritis. However, tibiofemoral contact force predictions are influenced by many factors including muscle forces and anatomical representations of the knee joint. This study aimed to investigate the influence of subject-specific geometry and knee joint kinematics on the prediction of tibiofemoral contact forces using a calibrated EMG-driven neuromusculoskeletal model of the knee. One participant fitted with an instrumented total knee replacement walked at a self-selected speed while medial and lateral tibiofemoral contact forces, ground reaction forces, whole-body kinematics, and lower-limb muscle activity were simultaneously measured. The combination of generic and subject-specific knee joint geometry and kinematics resulted in four different OpenSim models used to estimate muscle-tendon lengths and moment arms. The subject-specific geometric model was created from CT scans and the subject-specific knee joint kinematics representing the translation of the tibia relative to the femur was obtained from fluoroscopy. The EMG-driven model was calibrated using one walking trial, but with three different cost functions that tracked the knee flexion/extension moments with and without constraint over the estimated joint contact forces. The calibrated models then predicted the medial and lateral tibiofemoral contact forces for five other different walking trials. The use of subject-specific models with minimization of the peak tibiofemoral contact forces improved the accuracy of medial contact forces by 47% and lateral contact forces by 7%, respectively compared with the use of generic musculoskeletal model. PMID:24074941

  12. Report on Operations of the Air Force Geophysics Laboratory Infrared Array Spectrometer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-25

    AIR FORCE GEOPHYSICS LABORATORY INFRARED ARRAY... LABORATORY Directorate of Geophysics AIR FORCE MATERIEL COMMAND HANSCOM AIR FORCE BASE, MA 01731-3010 93-27655IEEE|EIIE1ENI This technical report has...ACKNOWLEDGMENT We are grateful to the Air Force Office of Scientific Research , especially Henry Radowski. for their financial corn- mitment to this project.

  13. Science and Technology: The Making of the Air Force Research Laboratory

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    AFRL . . . . . . . . . . . 187 11 Air Force Research Laboratory : Before and After...United States Air Force during my tenure as chief of staff—the crea - tion of the Air Force Research Laboratory ( AFRL ). As the “high technology” service...consolidate four existing laboratories into one Air Force Research Laboratory ( AFRL ) designed to lead to a more efficient and streamlined

  14. The effects of Navy ship ladder descent on the knee internal joint reaction forces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coulter, Jonathan D.; Weinhandl, Joshua T.; Bawab, Sebastian Y.; Ringleb, Stacie I.

    2017-02-01

    Military populations may be at risk for developing knee osteoarthritis and other knee problems when descending a Navy ship ladder, which differs from traditional stairs due to non-overlapping treads, a larger rise and a steeper inclination angle. The purpose of this study was to develop a forward dynamic model of the descent of a Navy ship ladder to determine how this motion affects the internal knee reaction forces and how altering the hamstring/quadriceps ratio affects the internal joint reaction forces in the knee. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected from three male sailors descending a replica of a Navy ship ladder and were used as input into a model constructed in OpenSim. The peak resultant joint reaction force was 6.6 × BW, which was greater than values reported in the literature in traditional stairs. Peak compressive and anterior joint reaction forces, 4.05 × BW and 5.46 × BW, respectively, were greater than reported values for a squat, a motion similar to descending a ship ladder. The average peak vertical and anterior internal joint reaction force at the knee were 4.05 × BW and 5.46 × BW, respectively. The resultant joint reaction forces calculated from the ladder descent were greater than stair descent and squatting. Little effects were found in the joint reaction forces after adjusting the quadriceps to hamstring muscle strength ratios, possibly because these ratios might change the distribution of the contact forces across the joint, not the resultant forces.

  15. Inspector General, DOD, Oversight of the Air Force Audit Agency Audit of the FY 1999 Air Force General Fund Financial Statements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-02-14

    Consolidated Financial Statements . Our objective was to determine the accuracy and completeness of the Air Force Audit Agency audit of the FY 1999 Air Force General Fund financial statements. See Appendix A for a discussion of the audit

  16. Air Force B-21 Long Range Strike Bomber

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-14

    and B - 52 bombers, and would possibly replace B -2s in the future. B -21 development was highly classified until the summer of 2015, when the Air Force...Air Force had indicated that its fleet of B -1, B -2, and B - 52 bombers would suffice until 2037, when advanced technologies, such as hypersonic cruise...was the prime contractor for the B -1. Boeing was the prime contractor for the B - 52 . From FY2004 to FY2009, DOD requested more than $1.4 billion in the

  17. The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia: Civic Action

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    eighty agrovilles, with some 400 to 500 agro-hamlets as satellites .9 The previously vulnerable agrarian population could then theoretically be isolated...example, which improved local egg marketing. And at some bases, the veterinarians assistance in water buffalo breeding programs and used artificial ... insemination to improve hog and cattle herds.119 One project initiated at Da Nang Air Base proved to be one of the most productive Air Force

  18. Why and Whither Hypersonics Research in the US Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-12-01

    of strong interest in high supersonic and hypersonic flight. Actual flight achievements—notably the first supersonic flight by the XS - 1 on 14...Air Force is sponsoring Future Strike Aircraft studies with Boeing, Lockheed Martin, and Northrop Grumman . Under these studies, subsonic, supersonic...SMC/XRD) MSE Technology Applications, Inc. Northrop Grumman Air Combat Systems Orbital Sciences Corporation Boeing Phantom Works 18 May 2000

  19. Evolving Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR) for Air Force Cyber Defense

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-14

    Telecommunications and Assessment Program ( TMAP ) notes in Air Force Instruction (AFI) 10-712 that “adversaries can easily monitor (unclassified) systems to...Instruction (AFI) 10-712, Telecommunications Monitoring And Assessment Program ( TMAP ), 2011, 4. 23. Lt Col Hugh M. Ragland., interview with author...Monitoring And Assessment Program ( TMAP ), 8 June 2011. Brenner, Carl N. Col, USAF. NASIC Air & Cyber Analysis Group/CC. Interview by the author. 29

  20. An Air Force Strategic Vision for 2020-2030

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    General Corley about the Future of Air Power,” Second Line of Defense, August 2010, http:// www.sldinfo.com/? p =11608. 14. Dahm, Report on Technology...Publication Series, 2001); Alberts, J. J. Garstka, and F. P . Stein, Network Centric Warfare: Develop- ing and Leveraging Information Superiority (Washington...2005), 217–30. 38. See Jennifer D. P . Moroney et al., International Cooperation with Partner Air Forces (Washington: Rand Publishing, 2009), 9

  1. Army Air Forces Statistical Digest, 1946. First Annual Number

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1947-06-01

    accordance with AAF Letter 5-5 dated 28 April 1947, the Army Air Forces Statistical Digest has been designated as the official AAF statisti- cal yearbook...more detailed exposition, Since the Digest is designed primarily as a reference. manual, the re- action of users to its contents is important in the...distributed by this Headquarters (Statistical Control Division, Office of the Air Comptroller) is hereby designated as the official AAF statistical yearbook

  2. The Lavelle Affair: An Air Force Case Study in Ethics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    THE LAVELLE AFFAIR: AN AIR FORCE CASE STUDY IN ETHICS BY KRISTINA ELLIS A THESIS PRESENTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE SCHOOL OF... ethical transgressions. As such, the story of General Lavelle’s wartime command experiences became a case study in ethics and integrity within Air...1 1 THE LIFE AND CAREER OF GENERAL LAVELLE 8 1 VIETNAM 14 2 CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS 25 2 ETHICAL

  3. Facilities and the Air Force Systems Acquisition Process.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-05-01

    INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER ORGANIZATION (it applicable) Sc. ADDRESS (City. State and ZIP Code) 10. SOURCE OF FUNDING NOS. PROGRAM PROJECT TASK WORK UNIT...L- . - - - CHAP T-F< I P f),DUCTr JOti The Air Force is in the midst of its most extensive peacetime force modernization programs ...will answer the following ques- tions: a. Are facility requirements anticipated and ade- quatel% scoped during the early phase of program development so

  4. U.S. Air Force Posture Statement 2000

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    quality of life for all Air Force members assigned to the headquarters. It will fo- cus on cutting costs, eliminating redun- dancies, reducing work of...of life initia- tives at the base level are essential. We re- alize that while we recruit individuals, we retain families . Especially with so many...power and constant vigilance. Our world-class people make it work — they will always be our first priority. We are an expedi- tionary aerospace force

  5. Resilient Airmen: Pacific Air Forces’ Critical Enabler

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-01

    VIEWS T he sun never sets on Pacific Air Forces (PACAF). From Alaska to Antarctica and from California to India, PACAF’s area of re- sponsibility...and defend US interests. This article not only addresses the meaning of resiliency but also-and more importantly-examines why it is critical to...it demonstrates how the RA LOO is part of larger, strategic game plan to inject resiliency into our entire force structure as a means of fulfilling

  6. Air Force Strategic Planning: Past, Present, and Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-01-01

    understanding the policy environment; encouraging ideas from the bottom; starting the strategy from the top; keeping the message succinct, substantive, and...Force became a separate and equal service, it developed a reputation for innovative thinking. Starting in the aftermath of World War I, American...least long-range programmatic planning and resource allocation) proved fortuitous. Starting in the early 1980s, the Air Force also needed to plan how

  7. Knee Joint Loads and Surrounding Muscle Forces during Stair Ascent in Patients with Total Knee Replacement

    PubMed Central

    Rasnick, Robert; Standifird, Tyler; Reinbolt, Jeffrey A.; Cates, Harold E.

    2016-01-01

    Total knee replacement (TKR) is commonly used to correct end-stage knee osteoarthritis. Unfortunately, difficulty with stair climbing often persists and prolongs the challenges of TKR patents. Complete understanding of loading at the knee is of great interest in order to aid patient populations, implant manufacturers, rehabilitation, and future healthcare research. Musculoskeletal modeling and simulation approximates joint loading and corresponding muscle forces during a movement. The purpose of this study was to determine if knee joint loadings following TKR are recovered to the level of healthy individuals, and determine the differences in muscle forces causing those loadings. Data from five healthy and five TKR patients were selected for musculoskeletal simulation. Variables of interest included knee joint reaction forces (JRF) and the corresponding muscle forces. A paired samples t-test was used to detect differences between groups for each variable of interest (p<0.05). No differences were observed for peak joint compressive forces between groups. Some muscle force compensatory strategies appear to be present in both the loading and push-off phases. Evidence from knee extension moment and muscle forces during the loading response phase indicates the presence of deficits in TKR in quadriceps muscle force production during stair ascent. This result combined with greater flexor muscle forces resulted in similar compressive JRF during loading response between groups. PMID:27258086

  8. Influence of weak hip abductor muscles on joint contact forces during normal walking: probabilistic modeling analysis.

    PubMed

    Valente, Giordano; Taddei, Fulvia; Jonkers, Ilse

    2013-09-03

    The weakness of hip abductor muscles is related to lower-limb joint osteoarthritis, and joint overloading may increase the risk for disease progression. The relationship between muscle strength, structural joint deterioration and joint loading makes the latter an important parameter in the study of onset and follow-up of the disease. Since the relationship between hip abductor weakness and joint loading still remains an open question, the purpose of this study was to adopt a probabilistic modeling approach to give insights into how the weakness of hip abductor muscles, in the extent to which normal gait could be unaltered, affects ipsilateral joint contact forces. A generic musculoskeletal model was scaled to each healthy subject included in the study, and the maximum force-generating capacity of each hip abductor muscle in the model was perturbed to evaluate how all physiologically possible configurations of hip abductor weakness affected the joint contact forces during walking. In general, the muscular system was able to compensate for abductor weakness. The reduced force-generating capacity of the abductor muscles affected joint contact forces to a mild extent, with 50th percentile mean differences up to 0.5 BW (maximum 1.7 BW). There were greater increases in the peak knee joint loads than in loads at the hip or ankle. Gluteus medius, particularly the anterior compartment, was the abductor muscle with the most influence on hip and knee loads. Further studies should assess if these increases in joint loading may affect initiation and progression of osteoarthritis. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. A Common Force-Sharing Pattern in Joint Action That Consists of Four People.

    PubMed

    Masumoto, Junya; Inui, Nobuyuki

    2017-12-20

    The authors examined the force-sharing patterns in a joint action performed by a group of two, three, or four people compared with a solo action. In the joint actions, 28 participants produced periodic isometric forces such that the sum of forces they produced cycled between 5% and 10% maximum voluntary contraction with the right hand at 1 Hz. In both the three- and four-person tasks, the correlation between forces produced by two of the three or four participants was negative, and the remaining one or two participants produced intermediate forces. The errors of force and interval and force variabilities were smaller in four- and three-people groups than individuals. Four- and three-people groups thus performed better than individuals.

  10. Air Force Intelligence Officer Targeteers: A Discussion on Specialization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    significant force management problems for several reasons ( Galway et al. 2005, 48). The first reason was attributed to having no dedicated career field...manager to coordinate joint command and major command (MAJCOM) personnel requirements ( Galway et al. 2005, 51). Lack of a full time career field...intelligence work was required ( Galway et al. 2005, 48). RAND also noted that a tenuous balance existed between acquiring breadth and depth as a company

  11. Measuring the force of drag on air sheared sessile drops

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milne, Andrew J. B.; Fleck, Brian; Amirfazli, Alidad

    2012-11-01

    To blow a drop along or off of a surface (i.e. to shed the drop), the drag force on the drop (based on flow conditions, drop shape, and fluid properties) must overcome the adhesion force between the drop and the surface (based on surface tension, drop shape, and contact angle). While the shedding of sessile drops by shear flow has been studied [Milne, A. J. B. & Amirfazli, A. Langmuir 25, 14155 (2009).], no independent measurements of the drag or adhesion forces have been made. Likewise, analytic predictions are limited to hemispherical drops and low air velocities. We present, therefore, measurements of the drag force on sessile drops at air velocities up to the point of incipient motion. Measurements were made using a modified floating element shear sensor in a laminar low speed wind tunnel to record drag force over the surface with the drop absent, and over the combined system of the surface and drop partially immersed in the boundary layer. Surfaces of different wettabilities were used to study the effects of drop shape and contact angles, with drop volume ranged between approximately 10 and 100 microlitres. The drag force for incipient motion (which by definition equals the maximum of the adhesion force) is compared to simplified models for drop adhesion such as that of Furmidge

  12. Prediction of Knee Joint Contact Forces From External Measures Using Principal Component Prediction and Reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Saliba, Christopher M; Clouthier, Allison L; Brandon, Scott C E; Rainbow, Michael J; Deluzio, Kevin J

    2018-05-29

    Abnormal loading of the knee joint contributes to the pathogenesis of knee osteoarthritis. Gait retraining is a non-invasive intervention that aims to reduce knee loads by providing audible, visual, or haptic feedback of gait parameters. The computational expense of joint contact force prediction has limited real-time feedback to surrogate measures of the contact force, such as the knee adduction moment. We developed a method to predict knee joint contact forces using motion analysis and a statistical regression model that can be implemented in near real-time. Gait waveform variables were deconstructed using principal component analysis and a linear regression was used to predict the principal component scores of the contact force waveforms. Knee joint contact force waveforms were reconstructed using the predicted scores. We tested our method using a heterogenous population of asymptomatic controls and subjects with knee osteoarthritis. The reconstructed contact force waveforms had mean (SD) RMS differences of 0.17 (0.05) bodyweight compared to the contact forces predicted by a musculoskeletal model. Our method successfully predicted subject-specific shape features of contact force waveforms and is a potentially powerful tool in biofeedback and clinical gait analysis.

  13. Three-dimensional knee joint contact forces during walking in unilateral transtibial amputees.

    PubMed

    Silverman, Anne K; Neptune, Richard R

    2014-08-22

    Individuals with unilateral transtibial amputations have greater prevalence of osteoarthritis in the intact knee joint relative to the residual leg and non-amputees, but the cause of this greater prevalence is unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare knee joint contact forces and the muscles contributing to these forces between amputees and non-amputees during walking using forward dynamics simulations. We predicted that the intact knee contact forces would be higher than those of the residual leg and non-amputees. In the axial and mediolateral directions, the intact and non-amputee legs had greater peak tibio-femoral contact forces and impulses relative to the residual leg. The peak axial contact force was greater in the intact leg relative to the non-amputee leg, but the stance phase impulse was greater in the non-amputee leg. The vasti and hamstrings muscles in early stance and gastrocnemius in late stance were the largest contributors to the joint contact forces in the non-amputee and intact legs. Through dynamic coupling, the soleus and gluteus medius also had large contributions, even though they do not span the knee joint. In the residual leg, the prosthesis had large contributions to the joint forces, similar to the soleus in the intact and non-amputee legs. These results identify the muscles that contribute to knee joint contact forces during transtibial amputee walking and suggest that the peak knee contact forces may be more important than the knee contact impulses in explaining the high prevalence of intact leg osteoarthritis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Aircraft: United States Air Force Child Care Program Activity Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boggs, Juanita; Brant, Linda

    General information about United States' aircraft is provided in this program activity guide for teachers and caregivers in Air Force preschools and day care centers. The guide includes basic information for teachers and caregivers, basic understandings, suggested teaching methods and group activities, vocabulary, ideas for interest centers, and…

  15. Training augmentation device for the Air Force satellite Control Network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shoates, Keith B.

    1993-01-01

    From the 1960's and into the early 1980's satellite operations and control were conducted by Air Force Systems Command (AFSC), now Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC), out of the Satellite Control Facility at Onizuka AFB, CA. AFSC was responsible for acquiring satellite command and control systems and conducting routine satellite operations. The daily operations, consisting of satellite health and status contacts and station keeping activities, were performed for AFSC by a Mission Control Team (MCT) staffed by civilian contractors who were responsible for providing their own technically 'qualified' personnel as satellite operators. An MCT consists of five positions: mission planner, ground controller, planner analyst, orbit analyst, and ranger controller. Most of the training consisted of On-the-Job-Training (OJT) with junior personnel apprenticed to senior personnel until they could demonstrate job proficiency. With most of the satellite operators having 15 to 25 years of experience, there was minimal risk to the mission. In the mid 1980's Air Force Space Command (AFSPACOM) assumed operational responsibility for a newly established control node at Falcon AFB (FAFB) in CO. The satellites and ground system program offices (SPO's) are organized under AFSC's Space and Missiles Systems Center (SMC) to function as a systems engineering and acquisition agency for AFSPACECOM. The collection of the satellite control nodes, ground tracking stations, computer processing equipment, and connecting communications links is referred to as the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN).

  16. Air Force Materiel Command Readiness Training Center Final Environmental Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-05-01

    provision of specific habitat variables. As an example, the ivory -billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) that once flourished in bottomland...due to poaching and loss of fire-dependent habitat (U. S. Air Force, 1995). Many associate species use or are dependent on tortoise burrows for

  17. The Air Force Advanced Instructional System (AIS): An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yasutake, Joseph Y.; Stobie, William H.

    The Air Force Advanced Instructional System (AIS) is a prototype computer-based multimedia system for the administration and management of individualized technical training on a large scale. The paper provides an overview of the AIS: (1) its purposes and goals, (2) the background and rationale for the development approach, (3) a basic description…

  18. Information Assurance within the United States Air Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cherry, John D.

    2010-01-01

    According to the Department of Defense (DoD), a review of information assurance (IA) in the United States Air Force (USAF) in 2009, cyber security is jeopardized because of information loss. This situation has occurred in large part because of less than optimal training practices or adherence to training protocols. The purpose of this study was…

  19. U.S. Air Force Engineering and Services Hardware Requirements

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1991-04-01

    This document proposes a path to meet the communications-computer systems (CSC) requirements of Air Force Engineering and Services (E and S) in the mid-to-late 1990s. It reflects the philosophies that guide E and S upper- level management as it carri...

  20. The United States Air Force Occupational Research Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christal, Raymond E.

    This informal presentation describes how and why the Air Force uses the job inventory approach for collecting, analyzing, and reporting information describing the work performed by its personnel. This is followed by a brief description of the Comprehensive Occupational Data Computer Program (CODAP) system, the applications of job survey…

  1. A Cost Model for Air Force Institute of Technology Programs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-09-01

    Patterson AFB OH, September 1977. ADA 047662. 16. Horngren , Charles T. Cost Accounting , A Managerial Emphasis. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc...25 S . Categorical Breakdown of AFIT Cost Matrix ....... .................. . 26 6. Elemental Breakdown of AFIT Direct Cost Category...maximum use of existing data sources such as the Air Force Accounting System for Operations. Justification for Research In past years, cost studies

  2. United States Air Force Infrastructure Energy Strategic Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    sulfur diesel ( LSD ) fuel to ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel throughout the Air Force. As bases converted from LSD to ULSD, 820 tracking had to be...direction; develops initiatives, ideas, and poten- tial strategies; and further develops command policy, guidance, and execution strategies. Shaw AFB

  3. Communication Theory and Research in Air Force Education and Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, John A.

    The United States Air Force is unique among the armed services in placing all its professional military education (PME) and professional continuing education (PCE) under a single command. Furthermore, most of the schools and courses are in the same geographical location at the Maxwell/Gunter complex in Montgomery, Alabama. There are basic…

  4. Assignment Procedures in the Air Force Procurement Management Information System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Joe H., Jr.; And Others

    An overview is presented of the procedure for offering jobs in the Air Force Procurement Management Information System (PROMIS), an assignment system which makes possible the use of human resources research findings to improve individual personnel assignments. A general framework for viewing personnel assignment systems is presented; then job…

  5. STS-66 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The main landing gear is on the ground and the nose gear is about to touch down as the Space Shuttle Atlantis heads toward a stop at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California, ending a successful 10 day, 22 hour and 34 minute space mission. Landing occured at 7:34 a.m. (PST), November 14, 1994.

  6. STS-66 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The drag chute is fully deployed as the Space Shuttle Atlantis heads toward a stop at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California, ending a successful 10 day, 22 hour and 34 minute space mission. Landing occured at 7:34 a.m. (PST), November 14, 1994.

  7. STS-67 landing at Edwards Air Force Base

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    The drag chute is fully deployed in this view of the Space Shuttle Endeavour as it completes a mission of almost 17 days duration in space on runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base in southern California. Landing occurred at 1:46 p.m. (EST), March 18, 1995.

  8. Assessing the Validity of Air Force Selection and Training Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mumford, Michael D.; And Others

    A study was undertaken to develop a system for predicting the impact of adjustments in aptitude requirements on outcomes (performance) in Air Force basic resident technical training. To accomplish this, a multivariate modeling approach was used. Initially, interviews were constructed within a variety of technical training programs to specify the…

  9. 34. Site Plan: Fort Custer Air Force Station, Fort Custer, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    34. Site Plan: Fort Custer Air Force Station, Fort Custer, Michigan, Modification of Electrical Distribution, General Site Plan, USACOE, no date. - Fort Custer Military Reservation, P-67 Radar Station, .25 mile north of Dickman Road, east of Clark Road, Battle Creek, Calhoun County, MI

  10. 33. Site Plan: Custer Air Force Station, Battle Creek, Michigan, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    33. Site Plan: Custer Air Force Station, Battle Creek, Michigan, FD Radar Facilities-FPS-27, Electrical Plot Plan and Duet Details, USACOE, not date. - Fort Custer Military Reservation, P-67 Radar Station, .25 mile north of Dickman Road, east of Clark Road, Battle Creek, Calhoun County, MI

  11. Air Force Civil Engineer, Winter 2001, Volume 9, Number 4

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    we don’t mind the TDYs, provided Colombian guerillas keep their distance,” said Coby Davis, Real Estate Branch chief. A heavy TDY commitment is just...The Civil Engineer HQ AFSPC Brackett, James S. (sel) Peterson AFB Chief, Programs Division ODUSD/I&E Bradshaw, Joel C. III Pentagon Chief, Air Force

  12. Looking to the Future of the Air Force Nuclear Enterprise

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED. The views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not reflect the...take to move to the future. This thesis seeks to answer the following question: Examining the Air Force Nuclear Enterprise from its inception in

  13. MISSION AND COMMUNITY: THE AIR FORCE SOLUTION TO FUNDING BOTH

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-10

    1954-2014 (Reprinted from David Coleman research outlining military personnel numbers) Budget- Based Strategy How installations are shaped, sized...Jensen A Research Report Submitted to the Faculty In Partial Fulfillment of the Graduation Requirements Advisors: Dr. Marcia Ledlow and Dr. Brett...Morris Maxwell Air Force Base , Alabama October 2016 DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. i Disclaimer The

  14. Forces Acting on a Ball in an Air Jet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez-Arias, T.; Gratton, L. M.; Zendri, G.; Oss, S.

    2011-01-01

    The forces acting on a ball in an air jet have been measured using simple equipment. Such measurements allow quite a precise, non-ambiguous description and understanding of the physical mechanism which explains the famous levitating ball experiment. (Contains 7 figures.)

  15. San Antonio Creek Restoration, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-27

    Management (Section 4.5), Human Health and Safety (Section 4.6), Land Use and Aesthetics (Section 4.7), 1 FINAL DRAFT and Transportation...Environmental Assessment for the San Antonio Creek Restoration at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California Environmental, Safety , and Occupational Health...Environmental, Safety , and Occupational Health Council Vandenberg AFB, CA MAJCOM Approval

  16. U.S. Air Force > About Us > Observances

    Science.gov Websites

    Media Sites Site Registration Contact Us Search AF.mil: Highlights APIM-Rotator Womens History Month African American History Month posters African American History Month Asian American Pacific Islander . (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Will McCrary/Released). USAFE band member discovers family history

  17. Construction and Administration of Ten Air Force Job Inventories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayo, Clyde C.

    Ten job inventories were constructed for survey of 11 Air Force career ladders. Background variables designed to assess task-related information were included in each inventory. A replication of a previous study of contributions of technical advisers to inventory construction supported the earlier finding that airmen at supervisory skill levels…

  18. Reservists prep first responders for Pope's visit > Air Force Reserve

    Science.gov Websites

    -area first responders on how to respond in the event of a nuclear or radiological terrorist attack Nuclear Incident Response course, July 7-8, at the Montgomery County Fire Academy, in advance of Pope mass. The course is offered through the Defense Nuclear Weapons School, Kirtland Air Force Base, New

  19. Air Force Officer Qualifying Test Form O: Development and Standardization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Deborah L.; And Others

    This report presents the rationale, development, and standardization of the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) Form O. The test is used to select individuals for officer commissioning programs, and candidates for pilot and navigator training. Form O contains 380 items organized in 16 subtests. All items are administered in a single test…

  20. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 45, 2d Quarter 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    liberal institutional explana- tion for alliances, Ota is really describing how the Japan Self - Defense Forces (JSDF) worked to share the risk and try...training, intelligence, and civil affairs) the armed forces of the Philippines in their operations against Abu Sayyaf, a self -declared militant...was preoccupied with domestic difficulties and disasters (largely self -inflicted) and the daunting demands of economic development. But with the

  1. Air Force Air Refueling for Naval Operations: History, Practice, and Recommendations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-08-01

    Air Force Air Refueling 0 ELECTE C4 N 910U for BU Naval Operations History, Practice, and Recommendations UtMON STA~IMENT X [ Apov.e ,opu,. Lt Col...as three hose reels provide redundancy over just one. 13. Be used in coordination with carriler -launched buddy tankers, there- by providing the

  2. Joint Force Quarterly (Issue 71, 4th Quarter, October 2013)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    for a better future and two perspectives in the on-going debate on missile defense in Europe. Drawing on...commended the students for their critical thinking skills and writing talent. In the winning Secretary of Defense essay, Colonel Jonathan Rice...Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense T he Nation and its allies face a strategic turning point that necessitates the optimization of joint and

  3. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 74, 3rd Quarter, July 2014

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-01

    staging base USS Ponce during International Mine Countermeasures Exercise 13 (DOD/T. Scot Cregan) 16 Forum / Contexts of Future Conflict and War JFQ 74...perspective. Evolution According to David L. Woods in A History of Tactical Communication Techniques, “Since wars began, com- manders have sought...coalition personnel to meet the dynamic joint interoperability challenges within the MTN after nearly four decades. JFQ Notes 1 David L. Woods , A

  4. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 14, Winter 1996-97

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    of the Joint Chiefs of Staff by the Institute for National Strategic Studies , National De- fense University, to promote understanding of the integrated...4219 e-mail: JFQ1@ndu.edu Internet: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine Hans Binnendijk Director Institute for National Strategic Studies Editor-in-Chief... Studies Consulting Editor Calvin B. Kelley Copy Editor ISSN 1070–0692 March 1997 0314Pre 5/6/97 10:52 AM Page 3 competitors or new global powers

  5. Sections. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, Combat Operations Center, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Sections. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, Combat Operations Center, Combat Operations Building. By Moffatt and Nichol, Engineers, 122 West Fifth Street, Long Beach, California; for the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Office of the District Engineer, Los Angeles, California. Drawing no. AW-60-02-03, sheet no. 14, approved March, 1962; specifications no. ENG-04-353-62-66; D.O. series AW 1596/15, Rev. "A"; file drawer 1290. Last revised 3 October 1966. Scale one-eighth inch to one foot. 30x36 inches. pencil on paper - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Combat Operations Center, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

  6. Elevations. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, Combat Operations Center, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Elevations. March Air Force Base, Riverside, California, Combat Operations Center, Combat Operations Building. By Moffatt and Nichol, Engineers, 122 West Fifth Street, Long Beach, California; for the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Office of the District Engineer, Los Angeles, California. Drawing no. AW-60-02-03, sheet no. 14, approved March, 1962; specifications no. ENG-04-353-62-66; D.O. series AW 1596/14, Rev. "B"; file drawer 77-1/102. Last revised 3 October 1966. Scale one-eighth inch to one foot. 30x36 inches. photocopy on paper - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Combat Operations Center, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

  7. Surgically Shaping a Financial Hydra: Reprogramming United States Air Force End Strength to the Air Reserve Component

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-14

    Director of the Air National Guard20 Lt Gen Charles E. Stenner Jr., Chief of the Air Force Reserve21 Specificity about what rebalancing the force...January 2012). Sharp, Travis. Vision Meets Reality: 2010 QDR and 2011 Defense Budget. Center for a New American Security, February 2010. Stenner ...Lt Gen Charles E. Stenner Jr., commander of Air Force Reserve Command (address, Air Force Reserve Senior Leader Conference

  8. Spectral Longwave Cloud Radiative Forcing as Observed by AIRS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blaisdell, John M.; Susskind, Joel; Lee, Jae N.; Iredell, Lena

    2016-01-01

    AIRS V6 products contain the spectral contributions to Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR), clear-sky OLR (OLR(sub CLR)), and Longwave Cloud Radiative Forcing (LWCRF) in 16 bands from 100 cm(exp -1) to 3260 cm(exp -1). We show climatologies of selected spectrally resolved AIRS V6 products over the period of September 2002 through August 2016. Spectrally resolved LWCRF can better describe the response of the Earth system to cloud and cloud feedback processes. The spectral LWCRF enables us to estimate the fraction of each contributing factor to cloud forcing, i.e.: surface temperature, mid to upper tropospheric water vapor, and tropospheric temperature. This presentation also compares the spatial characteristics of LWCRF from AIRS, CERES_EBAF Edition-2.8, and MERRA-2. AIRS and CERES LWCRF products show good agreement. The OLR bias between AIRS and CERES is very close to that of OLR(sub CLR). This implies that both AIRS and CERES OLR products accurately account for the effect of clouds on OLR.

  9. Tough Tommy’s Space Force: General Thomas S. Power and the Air Force Space Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    public release by AU Security and Policy Review Office. TOUGH TOMMY’S SPACE FORCE GENERAL THOMAS S . POWER AND THE AIR FORCE SPACE PROGRAM BY...in 2007, a Master of Operational Art and Science from the Air Command and Staff College in 2015, and a Doctorate in Economic Development from New...without a college diploma, and a relic of a bygone era of barnstormers perhaps high on courage but low on intelligence.8 In history, Power was a “sadist

  10. Calculation of muscle loading and joint contact forces during the rock step in Irish dance.

    PubMed

    Shippen, James M; May, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    A biomechanical model for the analysis of dancers and their movements is described. The model consisted of 31 segments, 35 joints, and 539 muscles, and was animated using movement data obtained from a three-dimensional optical tracking system that recorded the motion of dancers. The model was used to calculate forces within the muscles and contact forces at the joints of the dancers in this study. Ground reaction forces were measured using force plates mounted in a sprung floor. The analysis procedure is generic and can be applied to any dance form. As an exemplar of the application process an Irish dance step, the rock, was analyzed. The maximum ground reaction force found was 4.5 times the dancer's body weight. The muscles connected to the Achilles tendon experienced a maximum force comparable to their maximal isometric strength. The contact force at the ankle joint was 14 times body weight, of which the majority of the force was due to muscle contraction. It is suggested that as the rock step produces high forces, and therefore the potential to cause injury, its use should be carefully monitored.

  11. Air pollution radiative forcing from specific emissions sectors at 2030

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Unger, Nadine; Shindell, Drew T.; Koch, Dorothy M.; Streets, David G.

    2008-01-01

    Reduction of short-lived air pollutants can contribute to mitigate global warming in the near-term with ancillary benefits to human health. However, the radiative forcings of short-lived air pollutants depend on the location and source type of the precursor emissions. We apply the Goddard Institute for Space Studies atmospheric composition-climate model to quantify near-future (2030 A1B) global annual mean radiative forcing by ozone (O3) and sulfate from six emissions sectors in seven geographic regions. At 2030 the net forcings from O3, sulfate, black and organic carbon, and indirect CH4 effects for each emission sector are (in mWm-2) biomass burning, +95; domestic, +68; transportation, +67; industry, -131; and power, -224. Biomass burning emissions in East Asia and central and southern Africa, domestic biofuel emissions in East Asia, south Asia, and central and southern Africa, and transportation emissions in Europe and North America have large net positive forcings and are therefore attractive targets to counter global warming. Power and industry emissions from East Asia, south Asia, and north Africa and the Middle East have large net negative forcings. Therefore air quality control measures that affect these regional sectors require offsetting climate measures to avoid a warming impact. Linear relationships exist between O3 forcing and biomass burning and domestic biofuel CO precursor emissions independent of region with sensitivity of +0.2 mWm-2/TgCO. Similarly, linear relationships exist between sulfate forcing and SO2 precursor emissions that depend upon region but are independent of sector with sensitivities ranging from -3 to -12 mWm-2/TgS.

  12. Final Environmental Assessment: To Relocate Air Force Explosive Ordnance Disposal Administrative Complex at Eglin Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-10-01

    Trips PM10E = .0022 * Trips COE = .262 * Trips Year 2010 and beyond: VOCE = .012 * Trips NOxE = .013 * Trips PM10E = .0022 * Trips COE...Air Force Base, Florida To convert from pounds per day to tons per year: VOC (tons/yr) = VOCE * DPYII/2000 NOx (tons/yr) = NOxE * DPYII/2000

  13. Joint Concept Development and Experimentation: A Force Development Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    REFINED SCENARIO SET KLE S E C U R IT Y E N V IR O N M E N T E X IS T IN G Existing Scenarios KLE Figure 7: Hierarchy of force...CORA TM 2012-036 References ..... [1] Palla, G ., Barabasi, A.L., and Vicsek, T . Quantifying Social Group Evolution. Nature, Vol 446, pp...activités interarmées de développement des forces ( planification axée sur les capacités, élaboration et expérimentation de concepts) ne sont pas bien

  14. Influence of altered gait patterns on the hip joint contact forces.

    PubMed

    Carriero, Alessandra; Zavatsky, Amy; Stebbins, Julie; Theologis, Tim; Lenaerts, Gerlinde; Jonkers, Ilse; Shefelbine, Sandra J

    2014-01-01

    Children who exhibit gait deviations often present a range of bone deformities, particularly at the proximal femur. Altered gait may affect bone growth and lead to deformities by exerting abnormal stresses on the developing bones. The objective of this study was to calculate variations in the hip joint contact forces with different gait patterns. Muscle and hip joint contact forces of four children with different walking characteristics were calculated using an inverse dynamic analysis and a static optimisation algorithm. Kinematic and kinetic analyses were based on a generic musculoskeletal model scaled down to accommodate the dimensions of each child. Results showed that for all the children with altered gaits both the orientation and magnitude of the hip joint contact force deviated from normal. The child with the most severe gait deviations had hip joint contact forces 30% greater than normal, most likely due to the increase in muscle forces required to sustain his crouched stance. Determining how altered gait affects joint loading may help in planning treatment strategies to preserve correct loading on the bone from a young age.

  15. Management and Oversight of Services Acquisition Within the United States Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    Air Mobility Command AFDW Air Force District of Washington AFSPC Air Force Space Command AT&L Acquisition Technologies and Logistics CPM ...were commonly performed in industry. The types of services included advertising for Navy recruitment, custodial services on Air Force bases, and on

  16. Back to the Future: Does History Support the Expeditionary Air Force Concept?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-04-01

    Operations Forces 550, “Agile Combat Support,” Mr. Ron Orr, USAF/IL, 2 Feb 00. 4 Davis, pg. 11. 5 Toulmin , H.A., Jr., Air Service, American...John A., “The Expeditionary Air Force Takes Shape,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. 80, No. 6, June 1997. Toulmin , H.A., Jr., Air Service, American

  17. 32 CFR 806.29 - Administrative processing of Air Force FOIA requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... section. (c) Contacts with FOIA requesters and non-Air Force submitters of data. (1) Contacts with Air... memoranda documenting requester contacts with Air Force elements regarding a pending FOIA request in the requester's FOIA file. If the requester contacts Air Force elements telephonically about a pending FOIA...

  18. 32 CFR 806.29 - Administrative processing of Air Force FOIA requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... section. (c) Contacts with FOIA requesters and non-Air Force submitters of data. (1) Contacts with Air... memoranda documenting requester contacts with Air Force elements regarding a pending FOIA request in the requester's FOIA file. If the requester contacts Air Force elements telephonically about a pending FOIA...

  19. 32 CFR 806.29 - Administrative processing of Air Force FOIA requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... section. (c) Contacts with FOIA requesters and non-Air Force submitters of data. (1) Contacts with Air... memoranda documenting requester contacts with Air Force elements regarding a pending FOIA request in the requester's FOIA file. If the requester contacts Air Force elements telephonically about a pending FOIA...

  20. The United States Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps: Looking to the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-04

    Brigadier General Robin G. Tornow Commandant, Air Force ROTC (Note 25) Over the years, Air Force ROTC has developed many strong points. Paramount among...maintaining a leaner and more capable force for the future. Brigadier General Robin G. Tornow Commandant, Air Force ROTC (Note 35) This alternative

  1. Joint Space Forces in Theater: Coordination is No Longer Sufficient

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-01

    importantly, I am indebted to my wife, Caroline , and twin boys Joshua and Justin for their encouragement and constant reminders about what is truly...of GPS guided JDAMs fundamentally changed the American way of war. Lieutenant General Daniel Leaf , Air Component Coordination Element Commander

  2. 76 FR 1975 - Disestablishment of United States Joint Forces Command

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    ... Forces Command #0; #0; #0; Presidential Documents #0; #0; #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 7 / Tuesday, January 11, 2011 / Presidential Documents#0;#0; #0; #0;Title 3-- #0;The President [[Page 1977... to 10 U.S.C. 161(b)(2) and 3 U.S.C. 301, you are directed to notify the Congress on my behalf. You...

  3. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 51, 4th Quarter, October 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    and Japanese forces to conduct operations in the event of a WMD attack, to include consequence management operations. Recent activities have...strategic challenges. As a supple- ment, we hosted regular professional devel- opment activities, such as Friday afternoon cinema presentations where a

  4. A clamping force measurement system for monitoring the condition of bolted joints on railway track joints and points

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tesfa, B.; Horler, G.; Thobiani, F. Al; Gu, F.; Ball, A. D.

    2012-05-01

    Many industrial structures associated with railway infrastructures rely on a large number of bolted joint connections to ensure safe and reliable operation of the track and trackside furniture. Significant sums of money are spent annually to repair the damage caused by bolt failures and to maintain the integrity of bolted structures. In the UK, Network Rail (the organization responsible for rail network maintenance and safety) conducts corrective and preventive maintenance manually on 26,000 sets of points (each having approximately 30 bolted joints per set), in order to ensure operational success and safety for the travelling public. Such manual maintenance is costly, disruptive, unreliable and prone to human error. The aim of this work is to provide a means of automatically measuring the clamping force of each individual bolted joint, by means of an instrumented washer. This paper describes the development of a sensor means to be used in the washer, which satisfies the following criteria. Sense changes in the clamping force of the joint and report this fact. Provide compatibility with the large dynamic range of clamping force. Satisfy the limitations in terms of physical size. Provide the means to electronically interface with the washer. Provide a means of powering the washer in situ. Provide a solution at an acceptable cost. Specifically the paper focuses on requirements 1, 2 and 3 and presents the results that support further development of the proposed design and the realization of a pre-prototype system. In the paper, various options for the force sensing element (strain gage, capacitor, piezo-resistive) have been compared, using design optimization techniques. As a result of the evaluation, piezo-resistive sensors in concert with a proprietary force attenuation method, have been found to offer the best performance and cost trade-off The performance of the novel clamping force sensor has been evaluated experimentally and the results show that a smart washer

  5. Innovating to integrate the intangibles into the learning Air Force.

    PubMed

    Hazen, Benjamin T; Weigel, Fred K; Overstreet, Robert E

    2014-01-01

    United States federal law and other regulations require the US military services to provide professional military education to their forces. Meeting that requirement will become increasingly difficult with the absence of a federal government budget, significant cuts to defense spending, and expected future cuts to both defense spending and manpower. Additionally, the operations tempo remains high despite the withdrawal of troops from Iraq and the planned withdrawal from Afghanistan. The resulting time and budget constraints will likely make it more difficult for the services to provide every member with the opportunity to compete for positions in coveted in-residence professional military education programs. Thus, the Air Force is considering a new lifetime learning approach to professional military education. As the Air Force seeks to develop its new paradigm, we must understand what benefits of the current system should be retained and what drawbacks should be allayed. Unfortunately, there is little research in this area. We content analyze data collected from Air Force officers attending in-residence professional military education, synthesize our findings with education and technology literature, and suggest innovative technologies that can maximize the intangible benefits and minimize the drawbacks of professional military education. The blended approach we present can create a richer, more meaningful learning experience for the service member, while simultaneously lowering the cost per member and providing greater opportunity to attend in-residence professional military education.

  6. United States Air Force Graduate Student Research Program. 1989 Program Management Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-01

    research at Air Force laboratories /centers. Each assignment is in a subject area and at an Air Force facility mutually agreed upon by the...housing difficult to find, c) 10 weeks too short for research period. June 20, 1989 Astronautics Laboratory Edwards Air Force Base, California June 21...1989 HRL: Operations Training Division Williams Air Force Base, Arizona June 22, 1989 Weapons Laboratory Kirtland Air

  7. Training the People’s Liberation Army Air Force Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Kyle Brady, and Lyle J. Morris , The U.S.-China Military Scorecard: Forces, Geography, and the Evolving Balance of Power, 1996–2017, Santa Monica, Calif...training articles from January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2006.72 At that time, KJB was published only three times a week ( Tuesdays , Thursdays, and...DeLuca, David A. Shlapak, David R. Frelinger, Burgess Laird, Kyle Brady, and Lyle J. Morris , The U.S.-China Military Scorecard: Forces, Geography

  8. Evaluation of knee joint forces during kneeling work with different kneepads.

    PubMed

    Xu, Hang; Jampala, Sree; Bloswick, Donald; Zhao, Jie; Merryweather, Andrew

    2017-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to determine knee joint forces resulting from kneeling work with and without kneepads to quantify how different kneepads redistribute force. Eleven healthy males simulated a tile setting task to different locations during six kneepad states (five different kneepad types and without kneepad). Peak and average forces on the anatomical landmarks of both knees were obtained by custom force sensors. The results revealed that kneepad design can significantly modify the forces on the knee joint through redistribution. The Professional Gel design was preferred among the five tested kneepads which was confirmed with both force measurements and participants' responses. The extreme reaching locations induced significantly higher joint forces on left knee or right knee depending on task. The conclusion of this study is that a properly selected kneepad for specific tasks and a more neutral working posture can modify the force distribution on the knees and likely decrease the risk of knee disorders from kneeling work. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Comparison of joint space versus task force load distribution optimization for a multiarm manipulator system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Soloway, Donald I.; Alberts, Thomas E.

    1989-01-01

    It is often proposed that the redundancy in choosing a force distribution for multiple arms grasping a single object should be handled by minimizing a quadratic performance index. The performance index may be formulated in terms of joint torques or in terms of the Cartesian space force/torque applied to the body by the grippers. The former seeks to minimize power consumption while the latter minimizes body stresses. Because the cost functions are related to each other by a joint angle dependent transformation on the weight matrix, it might be argued that either method tends to reduce power consumption, but clearly the joint space minimization is optimal. A comparison of these two options is presented with consideration given to computational cost and power consumption. Simulation results using a two arm robot system are presented to show the savings realized by employing the joint space optimization. These savings are offset by additional complexity, computation time and in some cases processor power consumption.

  10. A Program in Air Transportation Technology (Joint University Program)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stengel, Robert F.

    1996-01-01

    The Joint University Program on Air Transportation Technology was conducted at Princeton University from 1971 to 1995. Our vision was to further understanding of the design and operation of transport aircraft, of the effects of atmospheric environment on aircraft flight, and of the development and utilization of the National Airspace System. As an adjunct, the program emphasized the independent research of both graduate and undergraduate students. Recent principal goals were to develop and verify new methods for design and analysis of intelligent flight control systems, aircraft guidance logic for recovery from wake vortex encounter, and robust flight control systems. Our research scope subsumed problems associated with multidisciplinary aircraft design synthesis and analysis based on flight physics, providing a theoretical basis for developing innovative control concepts that enhance aircraft performance and safety. Our research focus was of direct interest not only to NASA but to manufacturers of aircraft and their associated systems. Our approach, metrics, and future directions described in the remainder of the report.

  11. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 67, 4th Quarter, October 2012

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 2012 2...Defense Douglas N. Hime Naval War College Mark H. Jacobsen Marine Corps Command and Staff College Daniel T. Kuehl Information Resources Management...Norris Air Command and Staff College Col Mark Pizzo, USMC (Ret.) National War College James A . Schear Office of the Secretary of Defense LtGen Bernard

  12. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 57, 2nd Quarter 2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    nevertheless poured in from home and abroad. Subsequent Sidetracks At age 51, I shed the uniform of an Army colonel on Friday, May 31, 1972, and the...necessitating the state of emergency Azerbaijani and turkish officials in Ankara discuss agreement establishing diplomatic relations A P Im ag es (U m it...the Army’s Rapid Equipping Force to develop a portable renewable /hybrid energy supply system, demonstrated at the National Training Center but not

  13. The Organization and Training of Joint Task Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-06-01

    main focus is on the JTF staff, not the units that comprise the JTF forces. Methodology The Thesis will study the organization and training of JTFs in...function. 33 Waldo D. Freeman, Robert B. Lambert, and Jason D. Mims, "Operation Restore Hope A US CENTCOM...Harlan County , which carried 200 U.S. troops with a mission to improve the professionalism of army and police through training. In July 1994, after

  14. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 70, 3rd Quarter, July 2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-07-01

    such as solar panels and wind turbines for battlefield operations in Iraq. General Zilmer’s memo noted that without renewable power, U.S. forces...programs. The private sector may be leveraged through other incentives. Tax policy could encour- age the importation of solar panels, wind turbines , and...officers with infantry battalions—to name a few.31 In short, primary collection is done at the small unit level where there are “many sensors ,” and

  15. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    century society into the twenty-first century encounters a number of obstacles. Illiteracy and innumeracy rates are high, and repressive social values are...warfare. In 1978 the communist-backed PDPA assassi- nated Mohammad Daoud and implemented sweeping but ill-conceived social reforms. Afghan civilians were...Operations with Foreign Military Forces Feature quickly degraded into executions for social infractions like blasphemy. Repression soon followed, and the

  16. Air Force Journal of Logistics. Volume 23, Number 1.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    19980623 136 Lieutenant General Hallin Discusses Reengineering Air Force Logistics DJT I~rON STATVEMEN ApProv- d fcu p,\\ie rol?.’e; Past Performance...support of deployed operations in France between 1914 and 1918. Also in this issue: • Risk Matrix Operation JUST CAUSE D ’?I QUM=IT INBEOTED 1 AIR...transaction of tlhe public business as required by law of the D )epartment Use of funds for printing this publication has been approved by the Secretary of the

  17. Planning and Organizing the Postwar Air Force 1943-1947,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-01

    power and air organization as formed over the decades since World War 1. These had great influence after World War 11 on the collective frame of mind of...author in the collections of’ the Air Force Chief’s of’ Staff. A special debt is due Larry Paszek. f’or his persistent search for photos, and F his...FIfil ’Nc Hranch ,ince 1970. During,- 1959-1966. he had been hi’t4orian at Stratee-i, \\it Commiand Hleadquartters. Offutt AFB3. Nebraska. Mr. \\\\ odk hold

  18. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 12, Number 2, 2004

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    Volume 12 • No. 2 • 2004 CIVIL ENGINEERAir Force Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection...Section: USAF Facility Energy Management Program. (Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 12 , Number 02, 2004) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c...AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) 11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S) 12 . DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT

  19. Final Environmental Assessment for Force Structure Changes at Langley Air Force Base, VA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    Shepard Blvd, Hampton, VA, 23665, DEQ PC No. 20095002, PC Case Status - Release Confirmed, Case Closed. Langley Air Force Base- Building 333, 90 Oak...NOISEXPO ‘77, Chicago , IL. March. White, R. 1972. Effects of Repetitive Sonic Booms on Glass Breakage. FAA Report FAA-RD-72- 43. April. 6

  20. The United States Air Force in Korea: A Chronology, 1950-1953

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    War , the U.S. Air Force (USAF) Historian commissioned the Research Division, Air Force His- torical Research Agency (AFHRA), Maxwell Air Force Base...and aces. Finally, it attempts to summarize those USAF events in Korea that best illustrate the air war and the application of air power in the...sources, usually to confirm the most signifi- cant events of the air war in Korea. AFHRA historians or archivists who researched and wrote the monthly and

  1. SR-71B - in Flight - View from Air Force Tanker

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    This look-down view shows NASA 831, an SR-71B flown by Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, as it cruises over the Mojave Desert. The photo was from an Air Force refueling tanker taken on a 1997 mission. Two SR-71 aircraft have been used by NASA as testbeds for high-speed and high-altitude aeronautical research. The aircraft, an SR-71A and an SR-71B pilot trainer aircraft, have been based here at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. They were transferred to NASA after the U.S. Air Force program was cancelled. As research platforms, the aircraft can cruise at Mach 3 for more than one hour. For thermal experiments, this can produce heat soak temperatures of over 600 degrees Fahrenheit (F). This operating environment makes these aircraft excellent platforms to carry out research and experiments in a variety of areas -- aerodynamics, propulsion, structures, thermal protection materials, high-speed and high-temperature instrumentation, atmospheric studies, and sonic boom characterization. The SR-71 was used in a program to study ways of reducing sonic booms or over pressures that are heard on the ground, much like sharp thunderclaps, when an aircraft exceeds the speed of sound. Data from this Sonic Boom Mitigation Study could eventually lead to aircraft designs that would reduce the 'peak' overpressures of sonic booms and minimize the startling affect they produce on the ground. One of the first major experiments to be flown in the NASA SR-71 program was a laser air data collection system. It used laser light instead of air pressure to produce airspeed and attitude reference data, such as angle of attack and sideslip, which are normally obtained with small tubes and vanes extending into the airstream. One of Dryden's SR-71s was used for the Linear Aerospike Rocket Engine, or LASRE Experiment. Another earlier project consisted of a series of flights using the SR-71 as a science camera platform for NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in

  2. The biomechanical effects of variation in the maximum forces exerted by trunk muscles on the joint forces and moments in the lumbar spine: a finite element analysis.

    PubMed

    Kim, K; Lee, S K; Kim, Y H

    2010-10-01

    The weakening of trunk muscles is known to be related to a reduction of the stabilization function provided by the muscles to the lumbar spine; therefore, strengthening deep muscles might reduce the possibility of injury and pain in the lumbar spine. In this study, the effect of variation in maximum forces of trunk muscles on the joint forces and moments in the lumbar spine was investigated. Accordingly, a three-dimensional finite element model of the lumbar spine that included the trunk muscles was used in this study. The variation in maximum forces of specific muscle groups was then modelled, and joint compressive and shear forces, as well as resultant joint moments, which were presumed to be related to spinal stabilization from a mechanical viewpoint, were analysed. The increase in resultant joint moments occurred owing to decrease in maximum forces of the multifidus, interspinales, intertransversarii, rotatores, iliocostalis, longissimus, psoas, and quadratus lumborum. In addition, joint shear forces and resultant joint moments were reduced as the maximum forces of deep muscles were increased. These results from finite element analysis indicate that the variation in maximum forces exerted by trunk muscles could affect the joint forces and joint moments in the lumbar spine.

  3. A Practicality Study of Air Force Depot Maintenance Cost Allocation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    of Master of Science in Systems Management Bruce M. Kalish, B.S. Captain, USAF September 1987 Approved for public release; distribution unlimited...8217u foW’J.4D r-4 W) 0 r-- -% i -w vD 4 -W " V0%L : -40 r4c4c j nJ o Jm0 (n-)W 1W q 0 - m m O V 0 1oar-0co.o C.J, InaV -4 Io Dr- co %o %oc4 f5 0) r-’iD...Bibliography 1. AFSC Cost Estimating Handbook. Prepared for Air Force Systems Command by the Analytical Sciences Corporation, undated. 2. Air Force

  4. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 42, 3rd Quarter, July 2006

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    impact —facilitating accomplishment of the des- ignated objective at each level of war—poten- tially offers another crucial benefit. As Professor Vego...provided analysts who worked around the clock at the Air Opera- tions Center in Ramstein, Germany, assessing the impact of operations. WPC programmers...24.95 ISBN 1–4039–6943–4 Post-Castro Cuba is the Latin American elephant in the U.S. living room, a beast that prob- ably will have to be

  5. Shoulder and Lower Back Joint Reaction Forces in Seated Double Poling.

    PubMed

    Lund Ohlsson, Marie; Danvind, Jonas; Holmberg, L Joakim

    2018-04-13

    Overuse injuries in the shoulders and lower back are hypothesized to be common in cross-country sit-skiing. Athletes with reduced trunk muscle control mainly sits with their knees higher than hips (KH). To reduce spinal flexion, a position with the knees below the hips (KL) was enabled for these athletes using a frontal trunk support. The aim of the study was to compare the shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint) and L4-L5 joint reactions between the sitting positions KL and KH. Five able-bodied female athletes performed submaximal and maximal exercise tests in the sitting positions KL and KH on a ski-ergometer. Measured pole forces and 3-dimensional kinematics served as input for inverse-dynamics simulations to compute the muscle forces and joint reactions in the shoulder and L4-L5 joint. This was the first musculoskeletal simulation study of seated double poling. The results showed that the KH position was favorable for higher performance and decreased values of the shoulder joint reactions for female able-bodied athletes with full trunk control. The KL position was favorable for lower L4-L5 joint reactions and might therefore reduce the risk of lower back injuries. These results indicate that it is hard to optimize both performance and safety in the same sit-ski.

  6. The United States Air Force in Korea 1950-1953

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    a conference of his key staff the North Korean Air Force entered members. All of them agreed that the combat. At 1315 hours two dirty silver- Fifth...Wright, chief of KMAG, reported convoys moving from Seoul to the that the enemy would be in Seoul Army Support Command compound within a day. Both Muccio...was a significant weak- This truck is being loaded with a mixed crushed rock compound used in runwayness to offensive planning. Assigned to

  7. Cost Analysis of Outsourcing An Air Force Supply Squadron

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    for her support and tolerance during the long hours it took to write this paper. -Scott Schofield I would like to thank my wife Isobelle...from the Air Force base which we studied. All of the materials provided, along with their expertise and patience in dealing with us, were critical to...fiscal year. With the entire life of the contract available for analysis, along with all of the material of the preceding A-76 process, an objective

  8. The Air Force in Space, Fiscal Year 1962

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1966-06-01

    station was, of course, not unique to the Air Force, it being first introduced into scientific litera- ture by the German theorist, Hermann Oberth . In his...pioneering work on space flight published in 1923, Oberth suggested launching nobserving stations,’ into orbit from which man would be able nto see...serving as refuel- ing stations for extraterrestrial flight. In case of war, Oberth said, the stations would have nstrategie value.„ 37 (U) °berth’s ideas

  9. Assessing Air Force Investment and Opportunities in Information Superiority

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-06-01

    Jones, Rosanne Martin, and Pete Worden; Lieutenant Colonel Ann McLeod; Majors Karen Bridges, Randy Comer, Greg Rattray, and Laura Sakos; and Captain...far less vulnerable to information- hungry weapons.2 The leadership of the United States Air Force is wrestling the nature of the this new information...that are used describe representative information age organizational frameworks conducive to innovation—“the organization as a brain ” and the “garbage

  10. Air Force IT System Security Compliance with Law and Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-01

    production /1/saf_cio_a6/publication/afpd33-2/afpd33-2.pdf 21 AFI33-210, Air Force Certification and Accreditation Program (AFCAP), October 2014: http...cyber systems for support and operation. Today’s system certification and compliancy tracking methods are very costly, time intensive, unrealistic...and often lag behind operational and test requirements. However, with changes to policy and implementation requirements, the IT system certification

  11. Air Force research in human sensory feedback for telepresence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Julian, Ronald G.

    1993-01-01

    Telepresence operations require high quality information transfer between the human master and the remotely located slave. Present Air Force research focuses on the human aspects of the information needed to complete the control/feedback loop. Work in three key areas of human sensory feedback for manipulation of objects are described. Specific projects in each key area are outlined, including research tools (hardware), planned research, and test results. Nonmanipulative feedback technologies are mentioned to complete the advanced teleoperation discussions.

  12. Effects of Shift Work on Air Force Security Police Personnel.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    Naitoh, Paul. " Chronobiologic Approach for Optimizing Human Performance ." In Rhythmic Aspects of Behavior. eds. Frederick M. Brown and R. Curtis...Effects of Shift Work on Air Force THESIS/DISSERTATION Security Police Personnel 6. PERFORMING O1G. REPORT NUMBER 7. AUTHOR(.) 8. CONTRACT OR GRANT...shift work has a significant effect on those who perform it, this study examines the perceived effects of shift work on a population of security

  13. Computer Assisted Instruction in Air Force Medical Training: Preliminary Findings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-05-01

    and exp!zin the physiology of the respiratQry system. 2. Block XXI, paragraph 13d: Discuss mononucleosis . In contrast, some of the objectives in the POI...for transfer, and resulted in nmany complications to the plans of dhe Air Force. and the student. If the student failed the retest and the academic...lessons on sputum processing and staining procedures would normally have been taught in conjunction with material on infectious lung disease, but because of

  14. Air Force Leadership Study: The Need for Deliberate Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    Skills, 1. For future military operating environment studies, see Stephen J . Zaccaro, Richard J . Klimoski, and Lisa A. Boyce, The Changing U.S...fresh-voice -2176107.html. 13. Stephen J . Hagel et al., The Future of Global US Air Force Basing 2010– 2040, unpublished manuscript (Maxwell AFB, AL...it included the senior commanders of Amer- ica’s primary allies. Marshall’s simple calculus was Conner’s and, now, Eisenhower’s: If the United States

  15. Air Force Systems Command Research Planning Guide (Research Objectives).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-15

    potential for producing alloys with superior properties. Titanium and Iron Aluminides - Basic research to identify approaches leading to the formation...performance of ni’.kel, aluminumr,, and titanium alloys and ceramics are required to provide future Air Force weapon systems components with structural...seriously block full exploitat,on. Aluminum and Titanium Alloys - Three generic families of Pylie-,7 alloys are being investigated for both alloy

  16. Pollution Prevention in Air Force System Acquisition Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-09-01

    Audits Number of Facility Audits 12. Chemical Spill Prevention Measures Number of Measures 13. Unresolved Notices of Violation Number of Open Notices...14. Air Force Environmental Audit Findings Number of Open Findings 15. Awareness / Information Tools Number of New Tools 16. Environmental Training...building thirty-six aircraft (FY94 budget) to be delivered in 1995-1996. The latest audited cost data that can be used in the negotiations ends in

  17. Catalog of Air Force Weather Technical Documents 1941-2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-19

    provided infrared data to a NASA central readout station. High-resolution infrared data (HRIR) recorded on 70mm film is of photographic quality...Monmouth, New Jersey. Authors represented Army, Navy, and Air Force meteorological activities and their contractors, as well as ESSA, NASA , and... NASA , ESSA, USDA, NCAR, several universities, and an airline. Contents: • “Data Gathering Systems of the 70’s—A Survey,” by J. Giraytys, pp 5-31

  18. AIR FORCE CYBER MISSION ASSURANCE SOURCES OF MISSION UNCERTAINTY

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-04-06

    Army’s Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Lt Col Herwick holds a bachelor of science degree in Computer Science from the...United States Air Force Academy and a master’s degree in Computer Resources and Information Management from Webster University. iii Abstract...vocabulary and while it is common to use conversationally, that usage is not always based on specific definitions. As a result, it finds common usage in

  19. The Chinese Air Force: Evolving Concepts, Roles, and Capabilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    5 The Missions of the People’s Liberation Army Air Force . . . 133 Murray Scot Tanner Chapter 6 The Development of the PLAAF’s Doctrine...the Military Region (MR) Headquarters. There are no indications this pattern of army domination will change in the next decade.” Murray Scot Tanner, a...his- tory, one can find remarkable threads of continuity. Early aircraft, though but fragile contraptions of wood and canvas, exploited the same

  20. Air Force Research Laboratory Success Stories. A Review of 2001

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    object damage (FOD) and less risk to aircraft and pilots. This technology provides a cost avoidance of over $100 million above and beyond the savings in...semiconductor devices. Consequently, this new generation of lasers results in a substantial reduction of risk in developing compact, efficient sources for...Operational Toxicology Branch in the IPSC ensures that research conducted provides risk managers (Air Force/insulation and logistics, and base

  1. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 12, Number 1, 2004

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    Building the ARRK Volume 12 • No. 1 • 2004 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of...Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 12 , Number 01, 2004) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT...MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) 11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S) 12 . DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution

  2. Contractor Logistics Support in the U.S. Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    limits), or it can engage in a mix of the two approaches.2 This monograph addresses CLS, which is defined as contractor sustainment of a weapon system...organic facilities; it can pay contractors to do the work (subject to some congressional limits); or it can apply a mix of the two approaches.2 Organic...levels are largely stable and represent a mix of services, including contractor operated facilities and instal- Figure 3.1 Air Force CSS for Weapon

  3. Air Force Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Fuze Modernization (ICBM Fuze Mod)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    Selected Acquisition Report ( SAR ) RCS: DD-A&T(Q&A)823-498 Air Force Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Fuze Modernization (ICBM Fuze Mod) As of FY...2015 SAR March 17, 2016 09:03:03 UNCLASSIFIED 2 Table of Contents Common Acronyms and Abbreviations for MDAP Programs 3 Program Information...Acquisition Unit Cost ICBM Fuze Mod December 2015 SAR March 17, 2016 09:03:03 UNCLASSIFIED 3 PB - President’s Budget PE - Program Element PEO - Program

  4. Initiative in Soviet Air Force Tactics and Decision Making.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-06-01

    34 [Ref. 7: p. 1211 [Ref. 8: p.197] The issue is do modern Soviet Air Force command style and tactics allow for the freidom of actions or initiative...Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ;:.,,. ,,- .,, ... ., , V SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PACE "" ? /"/’ 22 - REPORT DOCUMENTATION...REPORT 2b. DECLASSiFICATIONiDOWNGRAOING SCHEDULE Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 4 PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) S

  5. Headquarters Air Force Material Command Customer Relationship Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    important feedback about quality and acceptability of the service . The process orientation allows an organization to look at what the contributions of...ENS/06-17 Abstract The purpose of this research was to determine what was important to Air Force Material Command’s (AFMC) external...is instrumental in writing and administering a survey designed to determine what the keys issues are with AFMC’s customers. The

  6. Shaping Strategic Defense: The Air Force Nuclear Mission

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Strike Command. Washington DC: Department of the Air Force. Kall , Rob. June 20, 2008. “Pentagon: Over 1000 Nuclear Weapons Parts Missing?” http...www.huffingtonpost.com/rob- kall /pentagon-over-1000-nuclea_b_108225.html (accessed December 16, 2008). Rolfsen, B. November 6, 2007. http...16, 2008). 6 Schlesinger. 7 Kall , Rob. June 20, 2008. “Pentagon: Over 1000 Nuclear Weapons Parts Missing?” http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rob- kall

  7. Understanding and Improving Modifiable Cardiovascular Risks within the Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-04

    Promotion Model ( HPM ). Findings: The definition of health included exercise, proper eating, sleep, and a spiritual connection, as well as the absence of...to health behaviors, including what it takes to be healthy, knowing oneself, and existing Air Force policies. The HPM did not fully address all of the...was used to arrange the data into data-driven themes. These themes were then compared to the elements of the Health Promotion Model ( HPM

  8. Developing Air Force Strategic Leadership - A Career Long Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-14

    experience, the Air Force as an organization is more prone to parochialism, myopia and monistic thinking. 27 Besides providing a historical record of... myopia and monistic thinking.” 120 Worden also claims the uniformity of perspective hindered strategic leaders from understanding or recognizing the...discussions in a virtual setting. While the use of social media is a developing concept, some officers have enjoyed early opportunities for PME or

  9. Should the Air Force Establish a Formalized Mentoring Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-05-01

    typically senior members of an organization who take an active interest in the development and career success of a Junior member, called a protege...34fast track" recruits on career success matters. Examples are the Jewell Company, Bell Labs, and some departments of the U.S. Government. Senior...were selected because of their demonstrated career success . The AWC and ACSC students come from the top 5% and 15% of the Air Force respectively, aind

  10. Nellis Air Force Base Capital Improvements Program Environmental Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    Air Force Warfare Center USC United States Code USCB United States Census Bureau USFWS United States Fish and Wildlife Service VOC Volatile...project arise with the potential to affect desert tortoise, consultation with the United States (U.S.) Fish and Wildlife Service would be initiated...Environmental Design (LEED) facilities and decrease energy consumption on military installations. The projects described in the CIP are derived

  11. Improving the Recreational Fishery on Malmstrom Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    requirements of NEPA, Air Force Regulations, and all applicable laws and regulations. Pow Wow Park is a recreational site located in the east central area...fishing day. Three hundred juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta) from the Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks State Fish Hatchery in Lewistown, Montana are...have proposed numerous improvements to the Pow Wow Park recreational area, including site work and equipment installations to enhance fish and wildlife

  12. Sustaining Air Force Aging Aircraft into the 21st Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    Yankel, AFMC CXI SAB Members: Mrs. Natalie Crawford Prof Mark Goorsky Mr. Neil Kacena Prof. David W. Miller Dr. Robert Schafrik Prof. Douglas...D. Eick Professor Mark S. Goorsky Mr. Neil G. Kacena Professor David W. Miller Dr. Robert E. Schafrik Dr. Douglas C. Schmidt Professor Daniel L...AFB, UT. Ivey, R., & Heath , R. (2011, April). Implementing MECSIP Through a Reliability Centered Maintenance Program for the Air Force C-130 SPO

  13. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 9, Number 1, Spring 2001

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    generated some important lessons learned. The Gulf War was a wakeup call for contingency training. When it began, many in CE had never trained on bare...square foot, corrosion control facility at Charleston Air Force Base, S.C. Construction is scheduled for comple- tion in early 2002. The facility is...Rhein Main Transition Program. This program, scheduled for completion in 2005, transfers operational capability from Rhein Main AB to Spangdahlem and

  14. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 16, Number 2, 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    HORSE and Prime BEEF work together to put up a legal complex for JTF Guantanamo 11 Building Information Modeling in the Air Force Going beyond CADD 14...construction team. Engineers from the 823rd RED HORSE Squadron, Hurlburt Field, Fla., were responsible for most of the design work. The 474th...BEEF construction team and a RED HORSE design team, we quickly became known as the “Red Bulls.” The advance party — consisting of the first sergeant

  15. Connecting United States Air Force Core Values to Mission Accomplishment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-04

    making ( Kohlberg , 2008), to published works with a specific focus on ethics in the Air Force. The case studies referenced throughout the paper are used...useful backdrop for solving this problem. Lawrence Kohlberg , an American psychologist, experimentally derived a model for moral development based...on the cognitive reasoning one employs in making moral decisions and solving ethical quandaries ( Kohlberg , 2008). How one thinks through moral and

  16. Air Force Commander’s Guide to Diversity and Inclusion

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    diversity: differences in styles of work, thinking, learning , and personality ■ organizational/structural diversity: organizational/ institutional...leadership roles themselves, or inspire youth from different backgrounds to join. Research shows that organizations must lead to reap diversity’s benefits...Greatest Air Force,’ but to remain so, we must learn to be comprehensively inclusive, throughout our ranks, and throughout our specialties. If we

  17. The U.S. Air Force Transformation Flight Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-11-01

    at Buckley Air Force Base, Colorado. Reserve Associate and Active Associate units have proven that this concept works and benef its the Active and...munitions manufactured from nano-particles, whose virtually all-surface structure yields unprecedented “burn-rates” (extreme explosiveness), promise far...systems for a common operating system, and a suite of remotely operated sensors, weapons, and robotics . Also included are a group of non-lethal weapon

  18. Adding Value to Air Force Management Through Building Partnerships Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    information on reprint and linking permissions, please see RAND Permissions. Skip all front matter: Jump to Page 16 The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit...public service of the RAND Corporation . CHILDREN AND FAMILIES EDUCATION AND THE ARTS ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE INFRASTRUCTURE AND...5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Rand Corporation ,Project Air Force,PO Box 2138,Santa Monica,CA,90407-2138

  19. Air Force Institute of Technology Research Report 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    Chapter) Instructor of the Year, March 2008. PETERSON , GILBERT L. Air Force Junior Scientist of the Year, September 2008. RAINES, RICHARD A...DIRECTORATE RODRIGUEZ, BENJAMIN M., II, JPEG Steganography Embedding Methods. AFIT/DEE/ENG/08-20. Faculty Advisor: Dr. Gilbert L. Peterson . Sponsor...Faculty Advisor: Dr. Gilbert L. Peterson . Sponsor: AFRL/RY. GIRARD, JASON A., Material Perturbations to Enhance Performance of the Theile Half-Width

  20. Air Force Aerospace Medicine Enterprise Ambulatory Medical Care Survey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    aerospace medicine • utilization • health care • Air Force Introduction The planning and management of health care delivery is becoming increasingly...preferences and to adhere to the prescribed regimen. In the broader context of heath care systems, managers and policy makers influence budget and...providers, managers , policy makers, and researchers on the effectiveness of health care organization, patterns of service use, quality of care, health